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Vol. XXVIII. Ng. 10. Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Mch. 6, 1901. Whole No. 1414.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
That was a choice bit of news your
correspondent gives. Just look at it.
"Old Glory syrup from the Davenport
Sugar Refinery" on sale in Florida.
Well, that is quite too. too sweet. What
are we to suppose Old Glory along with
Silver Drip and Golden Drip are made
of, sugar cane? No cane grows less
than a thousand miles from iowa.
Beets? Not much. iowa is full of sor-
ghum syrup makers, good. poor,
very poor. The good syrup finds a mar-
ket at home, tue other grades, down to
the bad and intolerably bad, is nicely
decoloriled, mixed with glucose and la-
belled as above, and sold to the suffer-
ing public. It is sweet, yes. It looks
well, yes, but it is to pure healthy
syrup about what hog butter from the
dairy adjoining the stock yards Is to
the sweet pure cow product. Isn't It
time a few thousand Florida Crackers
tried themselves on sealing syrup for
the world? They couldn't make any-
thing so mean as much of the sorghum
that goes into the glucose shops.
Editor Florida Agricwiturist:
I notice a correspondent inquiring
about Egyptian corn. I raised that and
Guinea corn, Early Amber sorghum,
broomcorn and red and white Kaffir
corn. all for poultry. I do not like the
Egyptian corn, I thought it much more
difficult to cure. I finally decided on
Kaffir corn as the best and most profit-
able of all that class of plants.
D. R. Pilsbry.
Horticultural society-Place and
Time of Meeting.
Fortunately. the subject of protec-
tion will not require much attention
at the approaching annual meeting.
There are other topics which should
be considered, such as insectivorous
birds, leguminous crops as a prepara-
tion of the land for fruit growing, im-
proved methods of vegetable culture.
especially under cover. etc. A friendly
Northern editor, in a very favorable
notice of the society's report for 1900,
gave it as his opinion that the society
was a pomological one, and not horti-
The question of the next meeting
place will come up, and will doubtless
elicit earnest discussion. There is no
reason why pineapples cannot le dis-
cussed at Jacksonville as well as at
West Palm Beach, or pomelo culture
at Fort Myers. The horticulturists
are practical men. and with them a
good time is entirely subordinate to the
interchange of information.
On the other hand many kindred so-
eleties in other states hold their annual
convention in different places. Our
State Press Association elects a new
place annually. There is a natural and
commendable local pride which would
be gratified by the privilege of enter-
taining the society.
It is just as competent for any other
city with as good, or nearly as good,
accommodations as the metropolis, to
aspire to entertain the society as for
the metropolis. The total mileage cov- New limes are constantly being ald-
ered by the members in traveling from (ded to the list. -Orlando Sentinel-Re-
their homes to Tampa and return porter.
would le less than that covered In .
traveling to Jacksonville and return. Velvet Beans in an Orange Grove.
If there is a blnlk of members who
wish o1 have a meeting in Tampa. it WVell. I wonder what it shall lie this
might le worth while to consider ser- time --oranges or velvet lie;ns' Enc'h
iously whether the society caan afford of them seemns to lie alt fever Ileat.
to refuse that desire. I believe I'll just say a word about
Florida is not strong enough yet. el- tlle velvet bean. I have grown more
other financially or in population, to sus- or less of then for ten years, first as
tain two societies in a creditable man- an ornamental vine on the porch and
ner. Personally, we do not believe they were nice for this purpose. I had
such a separation will occur. but it my pIorcll shaded tile past summer In
might lie good policy not to give the South Carolina with them, too.
South Florida members a grievance by Some three years ago I planted them
departing altogether from the former in mly young orange grove, and I won't
custom of holmng the meetings in var- do that any more. My trees were
ious representative sections of the twenty-five feet apart each way, but
state. This is absolutely for the so- that didn't cut any figure at all. They
clety to determine. found the trees just the same, ai(nd cov-
Tihe present indications are that the ered tlhel' out of sight. It seemed that
meeting in May will far surpass in 1 just had to run after then all the
numbers any other annual convention time. I didn't have a plant nearer
held since 181. It seems to be the than eight feet. yet those Iean roots
preference of a majority also to delay found those trees aind rolled them of
the meeting until about the middle of water a1nd fertilizer, getting al out 11l
May. The secretary would be glad to there was to tli had.
receive expressions of opinion as to Now, to anyone that don't have land.
time and pla-ce.-Florida Farmer and sandl or soil. as the case may be, rich
Fruit Grower. enough to grow trees without fertill-
* zer. miy advice is to not plant velvet
Pineapple Growera. beans. I was foolish enough the last
There was a called meeting of the time to think I could keep the roots
pineapple growers of Orlando and from getting to the orange trees: bui
vicinity at the opera house on Wed- I found I had some things to learn.
nesday afternoon. The chief object of You see I had some experience in this
the meeting was to take action with line before: and though I came out see-
reference to the convention of the end liest each time witl thel. I still
State Pineapple Growers Association, had courage left. and was sure I knew
to meet in Orlando on Tuesday, March just how to grow them aniong my
19. The following committees were ap- trees and make them do ais I wanted
pointed: them to do.
Entertainment-Messrs. Lord, Bee- But my last attempt was ani eye-open-
man and Tonlinson. er in more ways than one. I found I
Membership-Messrs. Guernsey. Hill. l:ld not only grown a fine crop of
Lewis and Cooper. llteianl and vines, but also a full crop
Transolrtation-Messrs. Cooper, Pal- of hugs--soldier bugs. and a green bug
mer and Pepper. I forgot his name. but not the bug.
Adjourned to meet Wednesday, Now, the beans roblwed my trees of
March 13. the fertilizer antd moisture, and the
All persons willing to contribute the bugs robbed me of my fruit; thus 1
use of conveyances to the entertain- learned thllt lesson so I won't forget
ment of the out-of-town delegates to it. It is a good thing to remember
the forthcoming state convention, for what you learn. so I have that inien
the afternoon of March 19. are request- added to my stock of wisdom.
ed to notify H. L. Beeman, at the San Last fall one of n1y neighbors lost
Juan Hotel, either In person or by much of his frflit by these same bugs.
postal card. as early as possible. They having Ieen fed on velvet
The memliership of the Orlando lIeals first across the road in another
Pineapple Growers' Association up to neighbor's field, as soon as the fruit
date is as follows: I'egan to ripen they left the leanis for
Phillips Moore. George 1. Russell, the fruit, causing much of it to drop
Henry Benedict, E. F. Sperry. A. H. and to le an entire loss to the owner--
Langworthy. H. W. W Metcalf, W. A. of the fruit, not of the beans.
Cooper. agent, Jos. Meisterman, T. J. I have some land cleared and plowed
Tucker, P. Bewan. H. J. LoBean. H. L. ready for setting in grove. Of course,
Beeman. T. W. Stewart, Jerome Pal- I have been tempted to plant velvet
mer, P. T. Laubach, John R. Parry, W. beans. So easy, you know, to just
H. Jewell, J. 0. Booth, Eli Butler. I. drop a few beans here and there. an1d.
A. Hopper. C. S. Van Houten. E. H. presto! tile entire field is a mass of
Tomlinson, H. P. Chenowith, L. B. grass and humus galore. Yes. andl
Hamlin. C. B. Thornton, T. H. Ren- some other things with wings galore.
wick, J. D. Mallon. Chas. M. Newton, too. So I have been ruminating over
Jas. DeLaney, Capt. B. Cotton, Z. E. the matter, and the court has conclut9-
Dowd, Geo. S. Hill, Martin E. Thew, ed to plant just good old beggarweed.
J. L. Guernsey, B. B. Johnstone, C. H. Yes, it is more bother, aind the seed
Lewis, J. Pepper, C. G. Lee, J. V. Cal- is costly and somewhat hard to get
ver, W. R. Polk, Lord, Warlow & Etty, a stand. Then the seed sticks to you,
Little Gem Pinery, T. I. Arnold, man- and after walking around in your
ager. grove to inspect the fruit In the fall,
gives y.IIu iiilile ;I ralra l aspect : you
would pass for a granger anywhere.
Iut that isn't :ll it hdos: it sticks to
your land1. sticks to your stock, too.
and it will give yon bright fruit. and
won't rolI yoilr trees.
It just has ilne f:illt iere at tlle Sil-
ver l.ke Frluit Farm: it won't die
down root :1anid Ilraniic-li in tlhe fall, as it
does in some places. but just grows on
year ill and111 year out. and so gives one
:I cllhance to kick a;t least. But with
all this I believe it the hI bst thing 1
have yet tried in my grove. so if the
sed does. stick to Imiy lair. I nmch pre-
fer it to velvet ,beans in or near my
grove. especially when the fruit of that
grove sells from $7 to $11 per box In
the olen market. as it lias done this
So I guess I'll just jog along with
desiollidill ti-rtrlosoilu a1 little whole
Well. wiliter is slipping by. as It
should. as it lisedl to of yore; no ice
alld no frost either, ill lily grove this
trip. so far thlank yon.
Sur p:iwpaw lree is now aliout three
years old: had ripe fruit on it for
about a1 year or ilmore. anlid still has
thein oil. Not a day in four or five
imonthlis silence our return but that we
hIave eatell tills iost delicious fruit;
land whIat :a disli it makes for dessert!
I wonder how i nny of the readers of
this hi.ve latenl it with sugar and milk
(ellllin whell they canl get it? It is
just a; grand old fruit. Although we
have gathered tllenl for so long front
the sallme two trees, still I think there
iare a liout :mll fruits left and plenty of
bloom ,n for more. Many of the fruits
are from aI foot to eighteen inches long.
Ia1d steni and biral.nchels cov ered alike
with tlleir Iliass of fruits.
All right. Mr. Editor. I hear yon
snapping the shears: I'll let ilup. pick up
Imy lhat landl qllietly anible down the
stairs and out into tlhe busy world. But
I won't plant velvet lbeall in or near
Illy grove. Not while tlhe court is still
able to hold sessions regularly "it the
Silver Lake Fruit Farm, is the opinion
of I. M. llanipton --lor'id Farmier
an1d Fruit (Grower.
The Manatee Fruit Company.
Mr. lFred Waite. the up-to-dlate man-
aiger of tlie Ma-inatee Fruit (Company,
inear 'Pailmietto. was in town Mlonday,
a111nd IlmadeI tIl Star office an appreciat-
ed call. Mr. Waite was formerly a
resident of Marion county and had
large citrus interests at Eastlake and
Belleview. whih lihe disposed of a few
years ago an(d Ibecaine manager of the
Manatee Fruit C'ompany. which lie Is
conducting witl markedly success.
They have some :li l acres in or-
anges. legions and grapefruit. which
I ore thousands of boxes the past sea-
soln, will indications (of a treelllndon
il-Icrease of yield ill 11Ml.
underr 'Mr. W\lite's management trees
1h;it three years ago only Iore two.
three 1and four Iboxes of oranges. now
yield ten to tifteen and1l ion the increase,
owing to Illu-to-date care. cultivation
and proper fertilizers.
The Malnatee Fruit company y is also
largely engaged in vegetable culture,
having twenty-three acres in lettuce,
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
celery. peas and tomatoes, yielding
large crops, which are now going into
the market and bring most cheering
This land is mostly reclaimed ponds
and with proper irrigation and fertili-
zers brings big crops.
Mr. Waite is well pleased with Ilis
new Ihome and feels that when it conies
to immunity from frost, that section is
"strictly in it."
Much of their grapefruit brought
$7.:.0 : crate and when the market was
overstocked and the price declined to
$4 per crate, the company ceased ship-
ping. It has now recovered its pris-
tine tone and the remainder of the
crop on the trees is now readily bring-
Ing $8 a crate.
Mr. Waite said the fruit and vege-
table growers of the Manatee section
recognize the necessity of close organtl-
zation to guard their interests and pro-
tect themselves and will meet in Pal-
mietto Saturday to effect such an organ-
The stockholders of tie Manatee
Fruit 'Companl y are Mr. and M.rs. Plres-
otil,. a brother of Mr. Preston, resi-
dents of Providelne. It. I. -Ocala Star.
Care of Sow and Pigs.
To Begin with, you must get ac-
quainted with your stow. and you alnd
she must hie friends. Slie must have
confidence in your ability to treat her
right the same as your customers must
have confidence in you that you will
treat them fairly.
A sow should be placed in a pen with
a shed in it some days before the far-
rowing and several days before time
put int some hay. or most anything
colnvenlientl to lake a bed of except
oat straw. Oai straw seems to hold
too much moisture and will cause hogs
to become mangy if used very much
for sleeping quarters. In a day or two
after the sow farrows, you should clean
the shed well and sprinkle with wood
ashes, then put in new bedding. Al-
ways allow the sow the privilege or
making her own lied and never put In
too much at a time or the little fel-
lows may get tangled up, or the sow
may have such a deep hole that the
little fellows may lie in such a huddle
and when the sow lies down may over-
ly them. they not having i chance to
get out of the way.
Feed tile sow on slop a few days be-
fore farrowing; also afterward. Feed
lightly oil corn during this period. I
like to feed soaked oats. Just throw
them down on the ground so they will
not be eaten too fast. Increase the feed
after a week until the sow has all she
A full litter of pigs is a big drain
on a sow's constitution. When the pigs
are four weeks old they should be
taught to eat. I like to feed them on
shelled corn, soaked, thrown on the
ground and all the milk and slops I
can get for them. Keep them in good
condlition, lbut tdo not overfeed or
change the feed too suddenly. Your
pigs must have plenty of exercise. I
let mine have the run of the whole
farm. Then they have good strong
bone and muscle and stand up on their
toes, with the best of feet. Then when
they are grown and fat, they travel the
same as a pig, and there is no danger
of them giving down in feet and legs.
Any animal is naturally more health-
ful with plenty of outdoor exercise.
Lack of exercise, sudden change of
feed, damp beds, cold, rainy weather,
are all liable to cause thumps and
scours in pigs, and it is always the
fat, pretty, broad-backed ones that take
it. When a pig gets a case of either
very bad lie is set back for life and
does not inlke the same hog he would
have made; or it will take a long time
for it to catch up the same growth. It
is much easier to prevent than to cure
these things. We all love to see the
pretty little follows eat, and sometimes
crowd them too fast when young.
If the weather is favorable and there
is anything for a sow to eat out on a
branch or woods-lasture, witl plenty
of shade, water and green feed conven-
lent. would just as leave let her far-
row clean out of the way from other
hogs. I have several sows that will
go off on the branch if it is summer-
time and bring a line bunch of sleek
fat fellows. The carrion crows will
sometimes eat a whole litter of young
pigs. That is one of the troubles lia-
ble to happen to them.
Pigs should not be allowed to sleep
in your horse barn. They will take
cold and cough; also ie liable to mange.
If they should take the mange give
tlhen a good soapsuds scrubbing, then
grease witl coal oil and any other
cheap oil mixed. Lice is a great bother
to a bunch of pigs and will retard
their growth very much. Use same
remedy and repeat several times after
waiting a few days. To get rid of the
lice the whole herd must be gone over
anld change quarters and all litter
where they sleep thoroughly raked up
and burned and sprinkle well with
your oil. I like to use plenty of wood
There should always be some green
pasture provided for the sow andpigs
to run on. When the pigs get old
enough to wean take your sow clean
away, so they can't hear her. The pigs
will le located where they are weaned.
(tive sltelled, soaked corn thrown oni
the ground and have a trough that they
all can get to. to slop them in, in tihe
absence of milk. Shorts is about the
blsi tiling to make a slop of and seems
to lie a good balanced ration with corn.
A little neglect at this time in feed-
ing will give tile pigs quite a setback.
If I wish thel pigs for breeders I use
IIore' oits and shorts and less corn and
have tihemn make their living more
on llpasture' and provide feed that they
-aiti gather and let them learn to rus-
tle somlle for themselves.
If I wished to make porkers, then 1
would crowd them front start to finish,
and tile sooner they make their growth
1and get out of the way the more
profit there is to you, unless feed Is
very st.''ilrq-e and young ('n provide green
liipstlllte to tide lihne over until another
corn crop is maide. I let my sow and
pigs runi otln miy oat field until it be-
gins to head, then cut and take thut
oats off, then turn pigs back in again.
Break tlte ground again, then drill Int
stock peas. theli you will have anoth-
er plsture in early fall.-Dallas News.
Lettuce Market Collapses.
"Thle lettuce market is busted!"
This was tile reply a well-known
trucker made to tile question of tlhe
price of lettuce in Eastern markets.
The lI test qlottlions were: "Lettuce,
$1 to i$.. t-; the market is glutted," lut
tile growers are contilluing to ship.
"Is this glut caused by the ship-
lents from this section.m he was
"(O)I. no; tile lettuce has been going
to mlarlket from all Southern truckers,
andl wherever lettuce is grown this
starvation price will be seriously felt."
The gentleman then warmed up to
Ills subject and saidl:
"l wanlit you to say, antd 1 don't care
if you tell who told you, tliat in myay
opinion tlie biggest-- -fool in the
world is the uan who seeks to make a
comfortable living, to say naught or
surplus finances. out of vegetables In
Floridil. I can show you imen, hun-
dreds of them, within a radius of twen-
ty-tive miles of Gainesville, who are
far poorer today than they were five
or ten years ago. Why do I say this?
It is not the freeze so much, nor the
sudden cold spells that have put them
in this condition, but the poor men
have been so sadly deluded and coldly
squeezed by men in better circumstan-
ces that they can hardly lay claim to
their own souls. One merchant in this
city, not satisfied with the profit he
has been making on cloth sold to the
lettuce growers, and a fertilizer firm,
not satisfied with one thousand per
cent. profit on their fertilizers, have
gone into tile business with some poor
mian who needed work and are plant-
ing lettuce. What is the result? Tlhe
Ian who needs what money there is
to be nilade out of lettuce is driven to
thle wall and hais to quit and try some-
"Your paper has always had some-
thing to say every time a man gets a
fine price for a few crates fancifully
packed: now I want you to say as
nuch about the starvation prices now
ruling the mnarkets."- ainesville Sun.
Comparative Value of Forage Crops.
I'earl millet may perhaps best follow
corn. often being ready by the second
week in August. This is one of the
best of the millets, and different seed-
ings may be planted beginning with
May 1., and continuing until August
15. It is one of the largest varieties,
growing fromn eight to tenll feet high,
when in full head, and forming stalks i
something like sorghum, though it st For *14 Oa
a very succulent and palatable fodder.e .iil e .iming V I
It should be seeded at the rate of four Ai .u- a.-T-ado.ld, $.I
to six quarts per acre on land well m 4 1 as .li"
prepared. in order to encourage rapid I n -lima re.r... r. t*
and complete germination of all of the 11 m i ', 0.. , N
seeds. It is a very rapid grower and I LX. 0 K-m.is. i. *, ".IS
will make a crop in from forty to six- a a ..ai .m
ty days. The yield obtained at the ag- Worth *1.00 rli14e.n..c
ricultural farm averaged twelve tons .Ahoe "1 p". "re ," r .., or.. t
Iir 5S ( I. tirg illg iil, goll
per acre. It is much more watery in i mreas. .ni
the yield of dry material less than Toal. with tadol.m roar iew*cp.
would le the case from the same yield .1-. tim. e. lhe"-s "., i,
of corn, though it is quite similar In 8'.' '-9=.Y*.will-rerdi.'td.L
its composition, showing a nutritive I*MA.SAUR Wta.-ala
ratio of one to twelve.
For soiling, cutting should begin be-
fore it is in head. since as it begins to
head the stalks become hard and unpal-
atable. Thel barnyard and broomcorn
varieties of niillet are also excellent
for soiling purposes. and their treat-
inent may le the same as for the Pearl
variety. Broonicorn millet will require H
201 to 2'> pounds of seed per acre, and
the laurniyard millet sixteen to twenty
pounds per acre. The seed should be
evenly broadih-sted on a surface well
prepared iil;n1 fertilizedl or muanured
with liiimitrials richli in \valil;iltle nitro-
gen. These Inillets griw from live to
seven et high anI d will reach the Babies and children need
stage for feeding in from forty to six- j -
ty days from'i time of seeding. The roper rarely
yield '.will ralge, frotll six to ten tons cin. If they do not thrive
poer I-e. I
I\.itli: -irn is a crop quite similar In on their food something is
habits iiif growtii to the larger varle- wron Thy ne a little
ties oif nii.let, and while more leafy e a lit
iss:, ,Ide le. ss lialtale. It grows help to get their digestive
iln 4ll' -.lilliinte frolil six to nine feet
high. It may bIe seeded in May, pre- machinery working properly.
'ferhl l ro in iows as corn and cultivat-
ed. About ten pounds of seed are re-
qlilredl per acre. The Kaffir corns have a
proved valuable in the southern and S O T
western sections of the country, owing
to their drouth-resisting qualities, but
cannott take the place of corn in the OF
East. The yield obtained has been COD LIVER OIL
about one-lialf that obtained from Yn PPLReL I
good varieties of corn, though owing
to the higher percentage of water con-
tained in it. tlhe yield of dry matter han Will generally Crect this
been plirctlially iinly one-th ird as
e aluaile Western Forage f y ill ro on-
('rols. Teosinte is a plant tliat is very I rom one
highly recommended, particularly by ourth to half a teaspoonful
eteds(llnienl. and deii's make all enormous
yield. It requires the whole season, a in baby's bottle threeor our
thus making it less desirable as a for- a dy yu w sn
age tlihan tile quicker growing plants. unes a day you will soon see
It is also vey slow to develop in the a redimprovmnt For
slpring, mlalking it nniorc expensive to
keep clean on land reasonably weedy, larger children, from half to
beides occupllying the entire season. It
is a succulent and palatable forage, In a teaspoonful, according to
fact so watery as to make it undesir- ag, dissolved in their milk,
:1lie flroti the standpoint of food pro- a,
dliied. Ii our experimen t at the sta- if you so desire will very
tion, when seeded at tile samite time
ndiil ut ut the same time as corn, the SOO ShoW its great nourish-
dry natter intl the tosinte was 9.9 per i p It th mother's
cent.. whereas tliat ini the corn was ing power.
2'1 Ier (ceit.
SSorglinut is another plant which be- milk does no urish the
longs to thle cereal family, and is also baby, she needs the emul-
strongly recomnlmended in some sec-
tions of tile country, but where the S|5 It Will shoW an effect
other plants mentioned grow well, this at once both up0n mother
cannot be recommended as superior.
Cowpea.-This is a leguminous plant and child.
that possesses many desirable qualities *
as a forage, and the longer our ex- 5oc. and $.oo, ill dnggiats.
perience with it the more can be said in SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists New Yrk.
its favor. Of the numerous varieties, b *i
tile Clay. Whippoorwill and Black are
well suited for soiling purposes. It broadcast. o1ne and one-half bushels
is a crop the dry matter of which is seed should be used and well covered;
exceedingly rich in nitrogen, possess- if in drills one bushel will lie sufl-
ing the advantage mentioned for the vient. 'The saving in seed is quite an
lovers ill redclling tie need for pur- itemi at tite. present time, owing to its
clilised protein. T'he plant will thrive high price. The yield will vary wide-
well on light poor soils, if an abund- ly. deipeiding upon both the season and
ailne of minleril elements are provided, the lwriod of time it is allowed to
tliough the best results are obtained on grow. If it is allowed to
a warm, goodl, soil. Seed should not grow throughout tile entire summer,
lie sowed until the last week in May yields as higl as sixteen tons may be
or tirst of line until danger of frost is obtained. If cut when it reaches a
Ilassed. ald because of their more rap- good condition for soiling from eight to
idl growth after tile hot weather of twelve tons lmay lie obtained. The
sumller sets in. It the experiments cowpeai. like alfalfa, is very rich in nl-
conllllictel in this state. they have been trogenous sulstnine. Tile nutritive
sown broadcast. tllough many recom- ratio is ailout one to four, thus requlr-
mend seeding in drills and cultivatingng ig a very considerable addition of
as for corn. While this may be advis- carbohydrates to balance. A yield of
able on land that is very weedy it has ten tons of green forage per acre will
been our experience that the extra contain as much protein as about two
yield obtained from cultivation did not toils wheat lIran. (owpeas may be
counter-balance the extra cost. If successfully made into hay, though re-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 147
quiring extra care in the handling. being able to give any reason for it
No hay has been made at the expert- only that "what everybody said must
ment station farm as yet, though it Is be true," and everybody said that is
strongly recommended that dairy far- the way to "make" sweet potatoes.
mers give it a trial. I didI that for fifteen years. 'Inen I
Some of the Newer Forage Crops.- reformed. In November I planted the
Soy Beans.-This crop is quite similar "roughest" piece of land that I had,
to cowpeas In its characteristics and turning under all the trash.
habits of growth and the recommenda- In the spring when my draws were
tions as to seed, seeding and cultiva- ready I spread fertilizer liberally
tion apply equally well. They are less broad-cast, harrowed thoroughly and
palatable than the cowpea, owing to fine, and stretched a hik across the lot
the hardness of the stem. which as the and set the plants by it, with rows
plant grows older becomes very woody. three and a half feet apart.
It also requires a little longer time to They were cultivated with a shovel
reach the right stage of maturity for plow, and an inch or two of soil drawn
use. When cowpeas can be success- to the vines to cover grass. I have done
fully grown they possess all the ad- so ever since, and am more than ever
vantages that would be obtained by yet at a loss to know how anyone ever
the soy bean. thought of putting sweet potatoes up
Velvet Bean.-This plant resembles on top of a high, dry, waterproof ridge.
the cowpea in growth, though the vines Another thing; while the northern
will reach several feet in length. It growers of Irish potatoes are constant-
was seeded last year with Kaffir corn, ly originating new varieties from seed
in order to keep the vines from the to replace the old ones that have "run
ground, but it was less desirable for out," our sweet potato growers nave
the purpose than the cowpea. It does done comparatively nothing in that
not start as quickly and requires a line.
longer season of growth. The old sorts that have been in cul-
Cowpeas and Kaffir Corn-An Inter- tivation for years have usually been
eating experiment was conducted the propagated from culls and strings, and
past year using a combination of cow- and such runts as were left in the field
peas and Kaffir corn. The idea was from the preceding crop. So, it is no
that the Kaffir corn being a strong, up- wonder that they have become so "run
right grower would serve to hold up out" that a luxuriant crop of vines will
the cowpeas, besides securing a larger often produce a meager crop, com-
yield because of the two varieties of posed mostly of strings or illshapen,
plants. The experiment was success- stringy tubers, and sometimes scarce.
ful, in so far as this particular pur- ly any good tubers at all.
pose was concerned, though owing to Not satisfied with the behaviour of
the very dry season the yield was not the varieties I was growing ( should
as great as could he expected under the varieties I was growing (I should
average conditions. This combination have said planting), which showed un-
Is also very palatable, and because of mistakable signs of decadence, I de-
the different character of the two termined to try for something more re-
plants, the composition of the dP' mat liable and better by going back to seed
ter In such as to furnish practically a and starting a new generation ot
balanced ration. Though of a watery sweets, as is so often necessary with
character it will not be altogether a the Irish potato.
desirable practice to use them exclu- So, about eight years ago I started
sively. When these are seeded togeth- seed. One of these seedlings has prov-
er, one bushel cowpeas and twelve ed just about what I want, and ful-
pounds Kaffir corn would be sufficient, fills my hopes of progress. It has suf-
As has been shown by the discus- ficient vigor of foliage, with vines of
sion of the various crops suitable for medium or less length. The tubers are
green forage. they differ in the actual grown mainly in a cluster like the Nan-
tonnage that may be secured per acre second, though occasionally one, tak-
and in the amount and character of ing after its parent, will stray away,
the food contained in them. Hence It is sure to make tubers that are free
it is important to have actual knowl- from stringiness and of fine, buttery
edge in reference to the relative yield texture, and a clear sugar cane. sweet
of food and its cost. These show the flavor.
economy of growing as far as possible On well fertilized land I got this
-dairy feeds, and the larger use of al- year 350 bushels per acre.
falfa. cowpeas, oats and peas, crimson If our people would make the ef-
clover. etc., is strongly recommended, fort at this Improvement of the sweet
both for supplying the necessary green potato that its importance demands,
foods as well as a larger proportion we would get kinds as much superior
of the protein necessary for winter to our present sorts as the Rural New
feeding. The following table shows Yorker is to the Leopard and Spaniard
for five years the average yield per of a half century ago.--Florida Farm-
acre in tons. and the amount of actual er and Fruit-Grower.
nutrients contained in that yield for *
the different crops grown at the New Prevent Sows From Eating Pigs.
Jersey Agricultural farm, fiber is in- IMany people fail not because they
eluded in the carbohydrates: do not work hard enough and long
.3_Aj R :1 E T-N---T.,- enough, but because they do not have
forethought enough to do things at the
as a oc' proper time. They neglect work that
t aS 'o should be done and do work that-is ne-
ee -i ieite e cessitated by the lack of not having
performed a certain duty in connection
S ss M^ss CAs 3 S 5 2 with that work. Take for instance, the
Spig-eating sow. There are but a few
Farmers who think about a sow eating
Sheer pigs until after she allows and
a~ -* 4 scmcu-sssmo i d begins to eat her pigs, then they rush
about and try to find a remedy to pre-
S,- omc "aocl,-or gms w sc vent it, and it is usually too late at
-3 .. .. . ... that time. Now that the sows are being
S............ bred for spring litters it is the best
S : : : : time to find a remedy for the pig-eat-
S: . : Ing sow, and remember It during her
c '. pregnancy. The habit grows out of the
": " : $ craving for something that will supply
i - Z 3 7 the system of the sow with the element
: : :*a it has taken to produce the young pig.
Eo e 5g such as protein, pbtashi. phosphates.
S4 -g A brood sow should ie fed a variety.
: c ~c s: a : e' such as bran, shorts, roots. etc. Corn
SW.B iC2 I LB 9? C. CE;a 4 Is fattening and should not be fed in
* as large quantities as other foods. If
Notes on Sweet Potatoes. you will study the nature and quality
of the food you give the brood sow you
I never have been able to compre- can prevent her from eating her pigs,
head why everybody plants sweet po- and at the same time have the pigs
tatoes on high ridges. Always high and come more healthy than if you do not
usually narrow and sharp, is the prac- pay any attention to them. A brood
tice- sow should not be crowded, from three
When I came South, twenty years to four in one sleeping apartment is
ago, I noticed that practice, and could enough. Study the needs of your stock
not understand its necessity. No one through the winter, and when spring
could tell me. Well, I planted sweet comes if yon have provided well for
potatoes in the same way, without them you will not have half the trouble
with their offspring that you would if
you let them shift for themselves.-
Whinery's Swine Advocate.
Where the Seeds are Grown.
There are still a few seedsmen who
want their customers and the public
generally to believe they grow all their
seeds on their own seed farms or
farm. Below is a sample clippied from
a 1911 seed catalogue:
"Get seeds from the grower.
"Gardeners do not often get their
seeds from the man who raises lhem.
\'ery few seedlsmen ra-.ise onle-hun-
dredth part of the seed they sell. Seeds
often change hands three or four times
before they reach the planter. 'Every-
one who handles them must get somec
profit, so that seeds raised in the
cheapest way often cost the grower
twice as much as really carefully
grown seeds could li obtained from
"HIaving a large farm (2."51 acres) we
alre alle to raise a large portionn of all
the seeds we sell. and we ann. I here-
fore. furnish one customer' witl care-
fully grown, pure. fresh seedl. at ;Is
low or lower prices than are clharg.ed,
by most dealers for ordinary. cheaply
grown seeds of doubtful age andl qullll-
"Iy raising the seeds ourselves we
are able to select the stock from which
they are grown with the greatest care
and thus keel, the varieties pure and
up to a high standard of quality.
While it often costs us more to raise
seeds in this painstaking way than it
would to get them from other growers
who raise tilem at the lowest possible
cost. yet we think they are worth
munch more to our customers."
There are other seedsmen who want
the dear public to believe !hat tlhir
seeds are all grown in the far north.
and for this reason some superior qual-
ities are supposed to be attached lo
Every thinking farmer knows how
readily the different varieties of
some crops cross or hybridize with
each other, and some crops hyhriilize
or cross on different crops. Ai illus-
tration of the first can he seen ;in corn.
Imagine. if you will. all the varieties
of field. swotl. or imp e'orn. sold ly
any one seedsmlan. being grown on
one farm. or on a dozen farunml if youl
please. Also the large gr. ing rlarie-
ties of field corn being grownn m Mich-
igan. Wisconsin. or Minnesot!: for t>c.I.
It is impossible. An illnillralion of I]e)
second can he had with vine roi-s.
which mix hadlly among themselv-es.
and one species on the others,. or in
stance each variety of mllusk or wi:llr
melon music Ib grown separl:lt t'.roii
each other, and the se slarate andl re-
mote from any variety of clluelnliers.
pumnpkins or squashes. To do this
wonld require a very large acreage of
ground in widely different sections.
It is also a fact that different varie-
ties attain to greatest isrfection and
mature their seed better in some one
particular locality, hence if grown
away from the natural conditions. and
only with reference to the place where
the seedsman's farm happens to lt.
they might not Ie desirable seed to
plant for best results.
Many seeds are grown in foreign
countries and are better to plant in
our country than if grown at home.
Bush beans are mainly grown in
northern sections. Canada, New York.
Michigan and Wisconsin. They can be
grown farther south, but will not re-
tain their earliness, also are most cer-
tain to become buggy. Pole beans are
principally grown in the north also.
except limn wans are grown in Call-
fornia. Beets, table, sugar andt stock
varieties, are grown in Germany and:
France. The best cabbage seed are
grown on Long Island. The industry
has also assumed considerable imlor-
tance in Washington on Puget Sound
Much cabbage seed is imported from
Germany and France, but with the ex-
ception of a few varieties are not so
desirable. Cauliflower seed largely
comes from Denmark, but is grown to
a limited extent on Long Island.
Carrots and celery are mainly grown
in California. with some special vari-
eties of celery coming from France.
where special care is taken in its
growth. Sweet corn is grown in many
sections. but professional growers are
located in Nebraska, Northern Ohio.
DO YOU GET UP
WITH A LAME BACK?
Kidney Treoble Makes You Miserable.
Almost everybody who reads the news-
papers is sure to know of the wonderful
( i cures made by Dr.
r Kilmer's Swamp-Root,
Sthe great kidney, liver
L and bladder remedy.
4 It is the great medi-
Scal triumph of the nine-
teenth century; dis-
covered after years of
I scientific research by
r Dr. Kilmer, the emi-
r nent kidney and blad-
der specialist, and Is
wonderfully successful In promptly curing
lame back, kidney, bladder, uric acid trou-
bles and Bright's Disease, which is the worst
form of kidney trouble.
Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root is not rec-
ommended for everything but if you have kid-
ney, liver or bladder trouble it will be found
just the remedy you need. Ithasbeentested
in so many ways, in hospital work, in private
practice, among the helpless too poor to pur-
chase relief and has proved so successful in
every case that a special arrangement has
been made by which all readers of this paper
who have not already tried it, may have a
sample bottle sent free by mail, also a book
telling more about Swamp-Root and how to
find out if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
When writing mention reading this generous
offer In this paper and
send your address to
Dr. Kilmer & Co.,Bing-
hamton, N. Y. The
regular fifty cent and Homer ca~ an-Rooa
dollar sizes are sold by all good druggists.
Budded and Grafted
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH.
West Palm Beach, Fla.
H. C. HARE 5 CO.,
316 W. Fors, Ih si.. lbt. Ilt ni ll lid J.1ill..I:wek-
.lo vil 'le. Fla.
Mantch',ster Fire Iiisunrint C o'., Norwich Union
Tn"lderr I islin ,lt('" C',. ,' (:lhiLaego.
AGENTS IN A. L TIIE PRINCIPAL TOWNS IN
Western Poultry Farm,
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25e.
It tells how to make poultry ralaing
profitable. It is up to date. Z4 pages.
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice till-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry. 1 do.., 20 ots; 25 for X
ets: 5o for 50 cts; 100 for 1.
Well Digging Outfit
We have a steam well-digging outfit
with tools complete for boring wells
from four to twelve inches diameter,
which we can sell at less than half
the original cost. Any one interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap,
please correspond with us.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
i and LaIwn, Palms,
S Bamboos, Conifers,
Ferns, Economic ani
quatics, and all
sorts of Decorative
Stock, for Northern
House Culture as
well as the South.
Rare Tropical Plants, East and West
Itnlian and other Exotic Plants. Send
for splendid illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
"white fies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bros,
-~S THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
and Connecticut, and these sections
furnish the seed for the various seeds-
men. Cucumbers, gourds, musk and
water melons, pumpkins and lsquashes
are grown mainly in Nebraska. where
the professional growers located. find-
ing a soil and climate most congenial
to the growth of vine crops. They sup-
ply probably nine-tenths of tlte steed
houses. Various people in Kansas also
do quite a business inl growing inelon
seeds, also in tGeorgia and Floril;i. .et-
tuce seed is principally from (':alifornia
i)-pl:lnt from New Jersey and Geor-
g:a onion seed is a California cllbp. but
some seed houses import large quan-
tities from Italy. Peas are grown in
the north in same sections as bush
ieans and for same reasons. Radishes
principally cole from France. Pro-
fessional growers of tomato seed opelr-
ate on a large scale ill Michigan. Ohio.
and New Jersey. Tle bulk of the tur-
nip seed comes from England, but con-
siderable seed is also produced in
;Flower seeds are chiefly front 4!er-
many. tulberoses from North Carolii:l.
calndiunms from Florida and somet oth-
er southern sections.
The seed buyer *an see from tlhe
abIove th:ll wlhenr I, lie hlny-y ItS: i- t.-
nlli t of .seeds Ifl"r his g:.inlell. 1l I ll:<
tioln of olrI conlltry. ail il .rolnti lc ne
foreign lands.- lUp-to-l);4e a il'.itl.
The pie- plant of our grandlimoth i 's
garden has risen iln popularity of late
years. It was always a favorite. palr-
ticularly with ip4ople wlho understood
its lie:lthful proper ties, b t till'e wI
i ihen it was only a sprllig product of
tile garden. 'Couinlg into use before
apples d:11141 strawl'Ie'-its it supplied the
table with pies and sauce ., and hlil inl
tile seasoil, 'llel etrly st rlawie'ries
were not plelntiful enough to M iake' into
pies. marnalade or jellies rhubarb
t-ould always bce lresorlted to for Illix-
ing. It takes :illn lavors :, a gives none.
Tl'e iachdl taste a:dds zest to tle fll avor
of straw'i'' 'rries. eclerries, ralsplbeirries
or whatever smallI fruits aret inoiked
with rhubarb for a bansis. Like the
Irish potato. it is convenient ill not
impiartinlg :i fll vor. but hla:11 trioliziig
wilh any. For instance. Irish potatoes
will like a pudding or a pie. or a sal-
and witl olher vegetables. iThe case
now stands tihat rhnlarl is as avail-
able the ye;Ir round as potatoes.
The system of forcing it for win-
ter ust is prevailing. and Northern
markets are now Slupplied with rhlu-
barb forced according tio a new sys-
temi. They allow the roots to freeze.
then take them up and pla'e them.,
pacek them in richly earth. in darkened
pillaes. ill : temperature of about .5l
degrees. sometimes lll s high as 7 de-
grees. (ilwtlh Iproceedls and tthe stalks
are light in color, crisp and tender.
biriliging '7* cents per pound at whole-
Fortunately. Floridal and Louisianar
can grow winter rhulial r without furc-
ing. There m:y be winters of freezing
weather in which it would pIay to force.
the plants. but as a rule rhubarb will
grow freely in gardens or fields wvithi
very slight protection. It is a peren-
nial growth. and should le grown In
well-drained. sunny places, on the
south or east side of a house, fence.
hedge or wind-lireak (of some ierina-
Growing in thle Open.-Seed may be
sown. and young plants, under favor-
able conditions, will Ibe ready to use
the third. and probably thlie second
year. if ordinary kinds are depended
upon. But rhubarb las improved In
strains of late years, andi thie Linneuils
and Victoria are larger, finer, quicker
to grow than any of the old sorts.
Roots are better for quick return than
seedlings. and one enterprising firm
sends them free. per express. of the
new Australian Crimson Winter sort.
This is the newest and decidedly the
finest of all. It comes true from seed.
and is of remarkably rapid growth.
However, seedlings are Imore trouble
than rooted plants, and the latter are
not high-priced. This Crimlson Winter
is a. light green. blending to crimson,
and when cooked is a cranberry red.
The stalks average about fifteen or
eighteen inches in length, and one inch
Plants set out now will be ready to
The Chief Justice of Samoa Says
Peruna Is the Very Best Catarrh Cure.
ii ~~ r "r.11
Court Room Scene where Judge Chambers maintained the Supremacy of the United States in Sum.
In a recent letter to The Peruna Medicine Co., Chief Justice Chambers says the ollowina of Pers i :
"I have tried one bottle of Peruna, and I can truth-
fully say it is one of the best tonics I ever used, and
I take pleasure in recommending it to all sufferers who
are in need of a good medicine. Ican recommend it as
one of the very best remedies for catarrh.
A tonic is a medicine that gives tone I "As a native born Cuban, serving as
to some part of the system. There are postmaster in Porto Rico, I contracted
different kinds of tonics, but the tonic yellow fever and have been suffering
mostneeded in this country, where ca- from the ill effects of that dreadful dis-
tarrh is so prevalent, is a tonic that ease since my return home. I was ad-
operates on the mucous membranes, vised by a friend to use Peruna and I
Peruna is a tonic to the mucous mem- can speak in the highest terms of your
branes of the whole body. It gives tone remarkable medicine. I feel like a new
to the capillary circulation which con- man and shall take pleasure in recom-
stitutes these delicate membranes. mending it to those similarly afflicted.
Hon.J. E. Macias, recent postmaster It is a fine tonic, and is in every way a
at Porto Rico, in a letter from 1417 K wonderful medicine. Peruna has be-
street, N. W., Washington, D. C. says : come of national importance.
. L. Chambers.
SIt has the record of the greatest e-
tarrh remedy of the age."
Peruna is a specific in its operation
upon the mucous membrane. It is a
tonic that strikes at the root of all ca-
tarrhal affections. It give tone to the
minute blood vessels and the terminal
nerve fibres. Catarrh cannot exist long
where Peruns is used intelligently.
Peruna seeks out cararrh in all the hid-
den parts of the body.
Address the Peruna Medicine Co,Co.
lumbus. O. for a free catarrh book
I I'Iw f'roill in October :id41 on thlrollugh largely than anyl" other vegetable in tills but this late in the season I will only
the winter. Always dlra w the stalks: cilllltlry. rThll annual acreage devoted undertake to discuss some important
i'ver cut I lt-ill. .\An11 diraw' some) from t ttie culture
strippinlg o4ie, plant of all its eligible :ai'res. yielding in the aggregate alout Tomatoes for Canning.-While the
stalks at a tinl'. Set tlihe pl:llts Iaout li.0(0Il.nm) cases of 24 cans each. Mary- production of tomatoes in the field for
two and a l1half ft ft roll plant to Iind, New Jersey. Indiana and Cali- canning purposes has become so gener-
pl:int. andl six feet from row to row. fornia plH111etO al)bout three-fourths of ial and so common, nevertheless suc-
'The (rmallllns ill New Orleans have tilt- entire output, the two tirst named cesss requires a definite knowledge of
1a waIy of cookingg rhubln'r with honey, states yielding nearly one-half of the four important features of the busl-
inlstt1ad of sugar. They make a dell- whole. In tthe South Atlantic and iness, which may be outlined as fol-
ciolls marm1alade of it. considering tile Gulf States. Virginia. the Carolinas. lows: Selection of varieties, growing
genuinlle Ice-lmade honey llore health- (;eorgia and Florida, are now conspic of the plants, selection and preparation
fill thlia sugar. nous il grovwilg tomatoes for tile mar- of soil, and fertilizing and cultivation
No Irodiuc of the garden is more ket garden purposes. Florida begins of the land. With a full knowledge of
highly to Ie ctnlllntded from a hlygi- to supply the Northern markets with these four lines there is no reason why
ellic standpoint than rllhubrb. Neith- freshly tomatoes il February and there- each grower should not make a satls-
er is there a llore ii:ltaitahle vegetable, after a continuous supply is provided factory success of the business. It Is
nor one raliplble otf being served in froinl otler states until late inl the an- a mistaken idea to bIlieve that any
lInrt dilTtrl'te' ways. Mrs. i. T. tuilln. variety of tomato will answer for can-
Itreninian. in IF'lorida lF'armner 11and lFrit The cav,'ragc: yield per acre of the ning purposes. As a matter of fact,
r',wl'e. early nImarket crop is :3 N live-eighths there should be as much care exer-
* luslhel Ibaskets. weighing each 40 cised in the selection of varieties for
Tomato Culture. i-polnds. making total yield six tons. field purposes as for early market and
Sultsrilber .. <. A.. of Reynolds. 4 a., Thle l rice tier basket in the market gardening.
askedl sonSle qll'sti(ons wlhii.li ch cannot lie varies from 25 cents to $2, owing to Of course the question of tonnage
properly :answered without covering I tI' le demand and chlarlclter of tie sup- from the field standpoint should be a
till grnllld fully, so I decided it was 1ply. Tlhe tomato is probably the most primary consideration. It win not do
best to go fully into details and to give Ipopular vegetable grown by market to place too much confidence in the
all the information at hand on this in- gardeners, and exceeds in value any mere name of a tomato which In other
dulstry in which lie steemll interested. other olle crop of tile kind. By ref- sections may have won an enviable
lTomlattos arel adaptted to such a wide ncr.lle to to the states above named, reputation. A variety of tomatoes
v\alrity of household uses tlhat their iwvhich lead in the production of this which thrive and produce to perfec-
(.ltivattion has Ib'ollme general ill all vegetable. it will be seen that the cul- tio n on oe character of soil may not
parts of tilt country. 'ThI area of land tivation of the tomato is adapted to a give good results under changed con-
devotted to the culture of tils vegetable wide range of territory and can be editions. Ill other words there has not
both for an early market crop and for p Irofitably produced on nearly every yet been developed an all-purpose to-
cnnllling purp'ioses is perhaps more ex- variety of soil. The methods employ- mato. The reputation of certain desir-
tensiv\' tllhal that of any other vege- ed in raising the plants, fertilizing and able varieties has been made from the
table. For canning there can be no cultivating for early market and for acquisition of perfected local conditions
question that the tomato is grown more canning purposes are quite different, and the care of the individual grower.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 14,
Be guided in the selection of a variety and the growth of the plant Is rapidly
to secure those plants which will pro- pushed forward. The cost of these fer
duce good size, smooth, solid fruit, that tilizers should not te more than i$ pier
ripen to the stem. acre for good land. or $15 )per acre on
Those varieties which indicate size quite thin linds. In slmminig up the
alone as their chief characteristic are situation ini Irief. Iplait the seed after
likely to be of poor quality. possessing danger from frost is over. Any kind
extra large seed cavities and ripening of soil in Georgi: will answer, though
unevenly. The following are some va- a light, Ilediulll cl-iay loIIam is best. Well
rietles which have given satisfaction drained bottoil laud is as good as up-
In the field; the Ten Ton, Cumberland land. Break the land deep and cul-
Red. Paragon, Stone and Livingston tivate the plants rapidly. Fertilize
Perfection. The one which perfects highly. particularly of the potash and
best in the locality where all are tried nitrogen elements. Select seed from
is the one to be accepted and adopted. good size. solid varieties, ripening to
The character of the fruit has a good the stem.
deal to do with its value at the can- Where only a few Iplnts were raised
nery. A poor canning tomato will of- for garden use. it is i gsood idea to fold
ten reduce the yield forty calls per ton : I iece of stiff wrappill))illg pa)illr around
or 10 per cent., which is a considerable iln oyster can. fold at IXottoml a:nd then
item. A ton of good fruit should yield draw it off. niaking a paler Lan. In
400 cans. A point well worth knowing these the little plants ima y be placed
is that first-class fruit improves the one in eatcl call. alln wien ready for
quality of the canned goods, which setting out can be transplanted without
would naturally result in an increased disturbing the soil about the roots of
price for both the raw and manufactur- the plants. This is an inexpensive yet
ed products. quite satisfactory plan for handling
The Seed Bed.-The expense in pre- a limited number of plants.-Harvie
paration and care required in growing .Jordan in Atlanta Journal.
plants for a field crop for canning are *.
considerably less than for early mar- The Absolute Necessity. of Spraying
ket gardening. Yet it is highly import- for Florida Fruits.
ant that the work be properly executed. We are rapidly coming to a point. if
because a good crop cannot be made we have not already reached it, where
from poor plants. Select the seed b~ed the llprofitabilt gi-rwilg of deciduous
in a sheltered quarter either on the fruits. if not the very existellnce of tlie
south side of a high board fenci or out- industry. is conditionedl nuon slpraying.
building to protect tle plants from TiIt brown rit ;ld Iti ilt'-irlio tla. v
cold north or northwest winds. Ineco""" e sl-hl a l lstrut-tive rilctolr that
Scatter anl abundance of well-rotted we 'an ""no longer ;lff.il Ito over-loik
barnyard manure over the sealed 1ld their existence. In the ilar'kets tof JIak-
and work it well into the soil with a sonville trihi'g tlh Ie;lc'li atl I)lili
fork. Rake the bed fine and pulverize ison.l* it is a great risk io invest in
al clods. Lay off shallow rows not 1ihose fruits at all nltess one t'an I-
deeper than half an inch and eight or Ipoitiivc tllat- they were gl'-owli inll cen-
ten inches wide. Drop all the seed trial or south lhoridla. litt tiose iee., s
about four to the iMnch. cover lightly ire steadily working tlleir Way soulli-
and press the soil firmly with a board. ward. and ile tiie is not probably noti
A light mulch of hay or straw is bene- far distant whiheni those s 'tl:.ons %Vill
ficial to absorb the heat from sunshine me infested with rie gerns tif |I't:-
and to prevent the soil from baking at- plagues. It is true. fit-e tu-rculio ...I-
ter rains. However. the mulch should not Ine conllatedl to advaIiage( ly
be relnoved as soon as tle pllants begin slpllying; bnt tile fruit growers who
to germinate and whenl the Iplants art a isie llersultl'dl it4 undei'lak' o spr'ay-
an inch high the soil should be lightly ing Will In'obt ly m 1 lst( Ibetnit rilIng
stirreU. Frequent stirring of the soil enough o ak jrnltg ff- i lly oin ,i.
In the seed bed is important, particu- cuTheo by jaris of Sl .linte : Th
larly after rains. and in ease there Ianers Vih't' suillllll;llir. ;lIl .l'li.-
is not an abundance of rain. the plan ts Fariers. Voite suiniriz .1 ,i .
should be watered often. Following fwhi.Vih llla. inr in Arthur II. yt:
these instructions carefully strong for I.r'l'u. i wt'wherein Arihni, li. wha.
plants can be grown which should be is I'ing dolll ill I Illi\'isittl w:hlt
ready for the field inl May. i s tf Wi;ii ai1;, 'ivi-.a 1,)1 it-, tit)-
Soil and Fertilizing.-Any soil adapt- rs a ents ilt -f t. -ll:
ed to the growth of potatoes will suit lir In cets i)iit lr.-i -enli.
for a crop of tomatoes. A medium x.aIi, t' itt'i hai blee. i.
clay loam, that is, a soil with some that of lhe inlnenc-te on gl'r culltuir-
sand and not too stiff a clay is prob- of tlhe td,;iarl.til.tnt's ,'Il, i l..t,- t,-ly
ably the best selection for tomatoes. tf Ilc rI. I poii )'.))i;' l i Illi
The land should eI broken deeply, pre- tf investigation of ltllo'otdl, wlit-el-t.
ferably in the fall or early winter. The to entlicnte it. Af tille ill. ihis w.rl
manure should be broadcasted and W undertaken i y tle di.prinwent
sll;pr s anc rt;iknien i- )"tthe (hItl)' iI .fllu- t
plowed In, so that the soluble portions (telve years agoi. says Mr. lH ry.v.
of it may become thoroughly incor- the growing of gralie's for in;.irket ,. \I
porated with the soil by the time the iting alandioned ilmn "1:11. .i ,)I
plants are set out. Just before the anoint of tie iravg of tli l' seti,.
time for setting out the plants the soil Te task of tinding, i ,rctilhe .:lnd
should be thoroughly plowed again inethiot of rating .t ont was ,-
The plants should be set four feet set v)intletss dtiiti.ulti. It lt 'wiit
apart each way, and cultivation should the fict, deveiol,li I), ll;i,,ll..., ,.x
begin immediately. perimients lrfore t lheiI. lthe scie(nt'st;
Let the first plowing near the plants discovered tlhe remlnedy wi.s :In slia.;yilng.
be deep and all succeeding plowings an tienp d to id tli right
and working shallow. It will require sort of solutions It sirl;iv wlhj ;ill i I ,
about 2,700 plants for one acre. Toma- invent :a ial:l.ineiii that would dlo ll,
toes require an abundance of potash to work.
develop a satisfactory yield. A fertl- At first lhe graIp' groi'ert wotil pav
lizer rich In nitrogen, phosphoric aci. no attention to liet sluggtiions of tile
and potash Is necessary for the crop. department. and men mi(.ei lllv \vwere
If there is not a sufficiency of barnyard paid to splray their vines. says Mr.
manure and unleached wood ashes to Henry. in order that the results mliglt
supply the needs of the crop it would Il utilized ;is .in olbject lesslonl for
be necessary to secure a formula of others. Five years a;ftr thi ti'st ,su,.
chemical fertilizers which would sup- cssful treatment of bll;a-k rot. lhow-
ply the demand. ever, carefully collected tl;in slowcil
Ten tons of tomatoes, a good product that there weret over fifty tihoisaiid
from one acre. would contain about 5T grape growers treating their vines in
pounds of nitrogen. 16 pounds of phos. accordance within tlhe directions issutted
phoric acid and 94 pounds of potash. by the tlelilrtiment. Tihe industry.
On an ordinary good soil which would whii(c for years lhad :lngllislled or lielon
produce five toks of tomatoes without abandoned iin li;any stations. wats re-
manure the following formula Is re- vived, and .is stated I)- tle vivit'iciitnr-
commended to bring up the yield to al expert connected w-itli tlle el.-veint
ten tons: census. the work of tlhe department of
Nitrate of soda. 400 pounds: bone agriculture hlas practictlly i-evolution-
tankage, 700 pounds; acid phosphate, ized grape cultllure iln ilany sections.
400 pounds; and muriate of potash. Arrangements were Imide at one time
500 pounds. Mix thoroughly and apply with allot tlire lihundred grape grow-
at rate of 500 pounds to the acre. If ers to ulinl tleir work so as to obtain
the land is naturally poor. the appli- ;as definite facts s Imssil)'e in regard
cation can be increased. to tlle :ctual money valull of the opler
The use of nitrate of soda is sug atioins (arried oult 11nldr ilie dir'etionll
tested because its element of plant of the dl0iartl'tilent. It w::s found iliIn!
food becomes immediately available, the treated vines yielded oilln a ver-
;age eighty Iter ce'll iorI', fl'ruil i;l ll l .
niintre.i. :11ni 1ti1: th llt (, :i.-111t' 1l i l;i
a rI'slll of ilt, work rI:nged ;11: '
way frltli !'2 toli $1<54 is ;, I 'r 'T ,
ai, tir't lIl'r( IIhu.lg r d g ro w erI ( - \ : s
ioiillllillg ove\' r .T'2.-1. t:iih lli- vx-I 1
oenllso., ili- nlll I; lalth ) andii c-.os of ;ll'
ilijli r':il- iic. l,. did Iol exnc. d $l2.1Mi11.
We offer One Hundred Dollars Re-
ward for any case of catarrh that can-
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. Cheynev Co., Proprs., Toledo,
We, the undersigned, have known F.
J. Cheyney for the past 15 years, and
believe him perfectly honorable in all
business transactions and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by their firm
West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists,
Walding. Kinnan & Marvin, Whole-
sale Druggists, Toledo, O.
Hall's Catarrl Cure is taken inter-
nally, acting directly upon the blood,
and imucous surfaces of the system.
Price 75 cents per bottle. Sold by all
druggists. Testimonials free.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
N. AM. Lurlitli. Jersey County. Ill..
('cIl thresh cow peas I)y ilthe following
lietllhol. which is mIy way of doing the
work. As soon as there l re enough pods
'iliened. I conmmenlce land picking t he
peas. They should lie picked wlen dry
ind stored where they will kteepi driy.
I iillde two pickings last season, but
next season will make at least three.
If i'l'e pes ipare allowed ito relin:in on
the vines loo long tlih pil< that come
in coitit with lthe ground will Ibe
likely to on in ii ii loldy ite i: and this1
will injiure their sale.
In tihrvhing I use n;i ar tu lin
chlaff shoi)lli Ie |l:wl .l under ih4, lalr-
pItnulin lto preventt lie splililig of ihe
li5-as while threshing. I thresh with
Under MOOO Oash Depoet.
we asIs to Vagoe TO m il
Orange and Kum Quat
Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
table. Also a general line of Fruit
Trees, Roses, Shrubs, etc. Prices
low. Freight paid.
D. L. Pierson, Prop.,
W. E. FRENCH,
Will Treat all Diseases or uomestlcat-
SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
flnil. :rake ioff tlilt pols aind rin ililhe
Iotlsi through ai fa lniingillll. A child
from twelve to fourteen yea rs of age
vcan pick from twenty-fivevt to thirty
lbuslhels of lods 1per day.
An advantage in land picking is that
ont. will almost invari;lably get double
tilhe, yield per ;iTe ;l, -opllarled within
iiiowng.-('oleniian's Ituiral World.
A SUPERB GRIP CURE.
.Joinson's Tonic is a superb Grip
rllle. Drives out every trace of Grip
Poison froin the system. Does it quick.
Within an hour it enters the blood and
liegins to neutralize the effects of the
poison. Within a day it places a Grip
victim lIyondl the point of danger.
Within a week. ruddy cheeks attest re-
turn of lierfect health. Price, 50 cents
if it lures. Ask for .lohnson's Chill and
Fever Tonic. Take nothing else.
the Thinking armeri
fearih% loss ir\ti'nc of l\arveJt
fearir\ loss froI break-dowri
fcariing loss i\waitir\
yfor repairs, feariin
loss of \is crop
\ SEES THE OnLYWAY(Q
to save his tirie,gtiir
-- ra\d aory is to buVy
S thc 2YcCOKV1ICK
o I 21 DI2^DEI
1\ Th\c Corrwnk Harv Hitod
imcaorka E.nali 1d31
amdlkst kadcrt. Cct labcutful
rcarcst rmCoroick a'et. -
aLro a catalog~ a of t1c
SOUTHERN BRANCH HOUSE,
W. G. HAYNES, General Agent.
Write for Catalogue.
15. THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.
IWhLen I steer that is little letter
thnn a skeleton falls over the brink
into a phosphate pit. the circumstance
may le said to be a drop ill bone phos-
I'ifty acres of beggarlweed :s high as
a tall mllan1's head nexl fall would mean
fat Itf. sleek horses, well-fei vows,
plenty of milk anld butter. fat hogs and
aI soil tenriched. with a crop of cotrn
increasing for several years at tlhe rate
of ma bushel or two per acre iter year
The Neglected Animal Factor.
Int all lines of lnbsiness it is a gen-
rral Iproloisition which cannot be suc-
cessfully disputed that the highest
profits :lI-crun to tile maker of a finish-
ed product. while thl p'rodItler of raw
material who sells it ill that form has
to content hilimself with a mInulh small-
er profit. With English-speaking peo-
ple. who are tlth greatest flesh-eaters
of tile world. Ileat ill some form is tihe
highest cluss of foodl-mllterial. it is
finished prslluct. Ilorida is largely a
( llllllnity of trcl'k iand fruit growers.
and with these classes the production
of Ileat has no pllae whatever in their
ibsiiess. Still tle :niimal factor coult
illn sliould e u.ill y 1i plae' oif 11n sIIIlls
imlportinie in their ciuillrail systems
under good management.
As glyol hogs. ; s goto horses slnd
nielat cattle and as rilcl mIilkers call be
grown in Fllorida ais anywhere e, else in
tle world. providled th.ey airce fed gen-
erolusly and lihealthful quarters provid-
ed for them.but: biut tlhe lorida farmnei
will find it mure profilailile to turn Ills
attention to tile llprullll-tioll of Suchli
e'l's s 1i llrilllary object. which i'an-
not ie greownl ill tle Nortlhwest. antit
allow that sec-tion. with its vast pas-
tulres aind grain reIso'urces. to product
tie pork an11 beef. Bult as a secondary
object it will ipay most Florila far-
liters to keep some stock and keep it
in the Ibet Spossible way.
Take cotton seed lmell for instance,.
one of the most valuable and universal-
ly used fertilizers of the state. When
it is used plailmrily as a fertilizer.
there is a large percentage of its value.
tile oily matter. llsolutely thrown
awlay. We have seen it stated that
Iiwes, the noted English agricultural
exlw'rimentcr. estimated the value of
the aniinial excrement produced from
the feeding of a: ton of cotton seed
Ilmeal at $2. That was inl England
anil was hased lonl a vlllation Inllull
alsove that here in tle Southern States.
where Ihe cotton is produced. And yet.
if the solid aln lieluid excretaa were
carefully saved by the iuse of tight
stable-floeors iand li 144ilig lindler the an-
imnals. the ton of cottonsedl meal
would Ies wortli nearly as unilrcl after
feeding as leIfore. Iesiides yielding al
large amount of milk or inical ils clear'
Truck farlllers generally oti not cx-
'cel fifteen or twenty acl'res and are
clustered arounil tile railroad station
at convenient distances, leaving all im-
Ienlse area of wire grass range in the
background. on which each trucker
could have a few headl of cattle run-
ning without expense. A little feed
provide at niglit anl a water-tight
stable floor would provide Ilili with anl
amonlt of fertilizer which would Ina-
terially assist his crops. Of course. It
would need to be reinforced or ren-
dered complete by the addition of pot-
ash and some form of phosphoric acid.
Even then it would not le a desirable
application for the production of fine
fruits, to ie shipped many hundred
miles; but for the growing of most of
tile vegetables as well as corn and for-
age crops. it would lie of undoubted
great -value. The cowpenning of an or-
ange grove with lean cattle, living en-
tirely on wiregrass. is a delusion and a
snlre oif tilted most pronounced descrip-
tion: I1bu to collect in a tight-floored
stable lo Iol tilh solid and the liquid
exerelta of stock fed nil such rich feed
a:s cottonn steld Ineal and used for pro-
ducing grain or field crops would be
another and very different matter.
The Earth is Wearing Out.
By this is ileant the fertility of the
earth. its producing capacity, and that
more particularly in the two Americas
and ill tile tropical and semi-tropical
zone of tlte Old World. The Chinese
and tlle H infdoos, though they rank
illnlg tile weakest peoples of civiliza-
tion. yet have shown conservatism in
detailing with the earth's fertility which
slould shame some of the nations that
iavel Ie'e lnurdering and looting in
4 'inlta lately.
Thle iallient empires of Assyria, Per-
sia and Palestine reduced the earth to
:i desert, for artificial fertilization was
tl'e1 lIlnknlown. Egypt escaped utter
desolation, for her source of fertility,
till Nile. remains unchangeable,
G;reece. Itome. Italy. Spain, perpetrat-
edl ha:rlalrous abuses upon their soil
resources, but they are slowly recov-
e.iming their lost ground and rebuilding
till' fertility leid waste by their ances-
t .-s of the Middle Ages. Italy, for in-
stanllce. consulmed in 1898 a total of
''.l;!iti tons of coinmlercial fertilizer,
iindl il l1INMt. 277.315, showing a rapid
increase. France imported in 1898,
187.l;7i.lmii kilogranls of nitrate of so-
da: in 10111. she nmported 240.787.300
kilograms. Of natural phosphates, in
tle two years. 1::.,40),400 and 249.188,-
IN1I kilogrllls I'reispectively.
I'verrywhere tlte natural growth of
llpoplilation and the increase of luxury
1ir1 telling on the resources of the soil,
11i1 tllilr is a constantly growing de-
:1innd for artificial fertilizers. The
earth is ranlscked for new supplies.
In Aiustralia. previous to 1895 the use
of collmmer'ial fertilizers was insignfi-
talint. being confined to a few gardens,
forI tilie lime dust was found heating,
ind in that arid climate this was in.
juriolls. But since that year the cool
rock phosphates of Florida have been
gaining ground. and in the year of 1900
the' colony of South Australia alone im-
portetd 22l -.(1 tons. A surprising gain
inll te yield of wheat results; from the
application of seventy or eighty pounds
per acre the farmer receives an in-
erel:ase of eight to eighteen bushels per
acre, sometimes even twenty.
The fact is. the vast majority of
llninkind. even of the civilized nations,
Iare still ill ignorance or only just
awaikeninlg t1 tlhe value of artificial
fertilizers. The Chinese have always
Iwenll Iisers of fertility, and while
they have practically no system of
,sewera:ge. they save the wastes of their
cities by effective though offensive
Inetlhods. Berlin has her fertilizer
farnis hy which tile wastes of that city
are rendlereld :I source f municipal
profit. Buit tile, Anglo-Saxon nations
conltinlle tihir wasteful administration,
liy wlhichl the fertility of the world is
I nlred' in mighty streams down the
sewers' of England and America, as
centuries ago it ran down the Cloaca
Mlaximll of omne. Tihe Anglo-Saxons
alre tle best farmers of all men, but
i lle most destructive of their sources
of fertility. We buy with money from
tlle nluds of the earth what the despis-
dti Clillnaian husbands out of his own
resonure's. What will the end be, when
we cnll no longer ransack creation for
fertilizers? It is not difficult to fore-
As a natural consequence of this in-
creasing demand for fertilizers all over
the world, there has been a sharp ad.
vance iln prices. In tile last two or
three years, sulphate of ammonia has
advanced from $.5 to $7 i ton; nitrate
of soda. $3 to $6: dried blood, $7 to $11;
high-grade blood and bone, $7 to $9;
lower grades in proportion; cotton
seed meal, $2 to $3; sulphate of potash,
$2. Acid phosphate and dissolved
bone have advanced little, it any, but
tile dellandl for them is firm.
We might have mentioned the high
price of cotton as another cause for
this advance. Georgia alone expects
to use fully 85,000 tons of fertilizers
more this year than last. Other cot-
ton growing states will probably not
T'lie high ocean freights consequent
on war :are responsible for the rise in
nitrate of soda. If the reported discov-
eries of inllllense deposits of this min-
eratl ion lte Mojave Desert are con-
firminld. prices may ease off a little.
But cattle products, blood and bone,
etc.. cannot well be lowered in price,
for tie earth has about reached its
limit in pastoral resources. And right
here is a most pregnant hint to the
stockmlen of Florida.-T.-U. & C.
Directions for Preparation of Bor-
AMany preparations have been recom-
Imended and applied for the control of
fungus diseases, but years of experi-
ence have proved that in ease of prepa-
ration. ease of application, efficiency,
cheapness, and all other things consid-
ered. Bordeaux Mixture has more to
recommend it as a fungicide than any
other application. In point of efficiency
it is eqtlleI l by none. though it should
lie horne in lind that for certain pur-
poses sulphide of potassium. ammoni-
Bacl solution of copper carbonate and
sulphur have much to commend them.
Our truckers and fruit growers have
not generally looked upon the Bor-
deaux Mixture with the favor that it
soi well deserves, because of the fact
that rock lille. so essential for its pre-
paration. slacks very quickly in our
moist climate. Not knowing that lime
-11n be presreved almost indefinitely,
they are compelled to order in small
lots and frequently have not the ma.
trial at hand when required for use.
Cost of Materials.-The cost of sub.
stances entering into the composition
of Bordeaux Mixture is. of course, sub-
ject to the same fluctuations in value
as are other commercial commodities,
bill tihe following prices may ie taken
:is liing nearly correct:
Copper sulphate. 5 to 7 cents per
pounds: ilqick lime. 85 cents to $1 a bar.
Formnlas. Copper sulphate, G
pounds; quick limte. 4 pounds: water,
These amounts are for the large bar-
rel spray pumps. The knap-sack spray
pump generally holds about four or five
gallons. To make enough of the mix-
ture to fill the chamber, there will be
Copper sulphate. 9//, ounces; quick
lime, til/ ounces; water, 4-5 gallons.
Stock Solutions and Preservation of
I.ine.-To preserve lime, empty the
barrel of lime as soon as received into
a kerosene barrel and add enough wa-
ter to slack and reduce the lime to the
consistency of putty. Keep the lime
in the barrel covered with two or three
inches of water and keep the barrel
covered with boards to prevent evapor.
nation. Always keep the lime covered
If much spraying is done it is always
preferable to make stock solutions.
This is done by measuring out a defi-
nite quantity of water, say 25 gallons,
ilto, each of two barrels. Into the first
of tllse put 25 pounds of copper sul-
1phate (blue vitriol). Into the second 25
gallons put 25 pounds of lime paste
mentioned alYve, or a little more to
nake allowance for the water contain-
ed in it. The copper sulphate should
not be thrown into the barrel as it will
not then dissolve readily, but it should
be suspended under the water in a
coarse sack hung from a stick laid
across the barrel. When thoroughly
agitated one gallon of solution No. 1
will contain one pound of copper sul-
phate. and one gallon of solution No.
2 will contain approximately one pound
Preparation.-Now. if a barrel spray
pump is to be used. dip out six gal-
lons from solution number one and
place it in the barrel of the spray
pump. Then fill the barrel nearly halt
full of water: add four gallons of the
lime solution and linur in the remainder
of the water.
Test.-Immediately after prepara-
tion the mixture should be tested to
determine whether enough lime has
been added, for if sufficient has not
been used to neutralize the copper sul-
plate. the foliage of the plants may
The best test is the ferrocynanide
of potlissiumn test. Procure from the
druggist one-fourth ounce of potassium
ferrocynanide: place it In a bottle and
dissolve it in one-fourth pint of water,
or about half a cupful. As soon as the
mixture is prepared, dip out a few
spoonfuls of the Bordeaux mixture in-
to a porcelain saucer. Into this drop.
two or three drops of the potassium
ferrocynauide solution. If a reddish
brown coloration is noted, more lime
must Ie added to the mixture. Add
and test until no coloration is noted. If
ilt the first test no coloration follows,
no more lime need be added.
Points to be Observed.-Strain all
solutions before placing them in the
spray pump. All vessels in which the
solutions are kept should be of glass
or wood. All parts of the spray pump
which come in contact with the mix-
ture should be made of brass. Do not
use Bordeaux Mixture after it is a day
or so old. If a large spray pump Is
used. the pumll should have an agita-
tor attached, or it may be agitated by
hand, using the instrument like an old-
fashioned churn dash.
Spraying.--Spray as indicated by the
health of the plants. Destroy badly
diseased plants or portions of plants.
If it rains immediately after spraying.
no results need le expected. A second
application must be made. Bordeaux
Mixture is not an insecticide. It
should never be used against insects.
If so desired. one-fourth pound of good
Paris green may be added to each bar-
rel of the mixture "for the destruction
of biting insects.--I. Harold Hume.
Increased Crops Every Year.
E. of. Painter & ('o., Jarksonrille. Fla.:
Genitlemen- I have used the Simon
Pure No. 1 along side of Mapes and
Bradleys for several years and I must
say thalt while they are all good the
"Simon Pure" is the only fertilizer that
I have used that will make old seed-
ling orange trees fruit every year. I
1Inl fully satisfied that if properly used
theren- itd be no off year crops even
on selling trees if you can use "Si-
mon Pure" No. 1. as directed by E. O.
Painter & Co. I have 200 full bearipl
seedling trees oil high pine land, and
poor land teo,. I made 875 boxes in
1818 and ..2;3 Iboxes in 1899 and 1,79B
in I!NI. and I have a fine bloom form.
ed this spring that bids fair to make
2.,000 boxes. I also get 25 cents a box
more for the oranges made with Simon
Pure than those off the part of the
grove on which I used lower grade fer-
S. E. Mays, Jr.
Author-"Shall I write a preface to
Publisher-"Certainly not. It's only
for women."--Detrot Free Press.
HUGHES' CHILL TONIC.
BETTER THAN CALOMEL ANB QUININE.
(Contains no Arsenic.)
The Ol Reliabl
EXCELLENT GENERAL TONIC
AS WELL AS
A Sure Cure for Chills and Fevers. Malarial
F'vprs, Swanmp Ferrs and Bilious revers.
IT NEVER FAILS.
-lust what you need at this season.
Guaranteed by your Druggist.
Don't take any sulMtitutes-TRY IT.
50C. AMD $1.00 BOTrLES.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 151
DEPA2RTXBNT OF ORNAXEINTAL
BY W. C. STIEELE,
Probably most of our readers are
familiar with the upright growing Vin-
cas. so common in most of the Florida
flower gardens. The Rose colored va-
riety. Vica rosen. is most common,
the white variety. Vinea alba is quite
abundant. while Vinca alba oculata,
white with rose colored eye. is more
rare. All lire Ibautiful, strong. vigor-
otis growers and do well onl almost all
soils. Tie greatest objection to them
is the abundance of their seeds and
their tendency, like the Drummond
Phlox. to become an annoying weed.
Those who cultivated flowers long at
tile North. no doubt renemler the lit-
tle evergreen trailing vine commonly
known as "Myrtle." or sometimes as
"Periwinkle." This is Vica minor,
of which there are two varieties. one
blue and the other white flowered.
Both are hardy throughout the North-
Besides these there are two tender
slH'cies not nearly so colllinonl. Vlllnc
IIarrisoni and Vinca variegata.
They are Islth trailing vines. usually
grown as basket plants. The latter
hlas its leaves edged and variegated
with white and yellow.
Viin-a Harrisoni is a much stronger
grower than Vinla minor. The leaves
are large and of i very dark green ioil-
or, marked and marbled with a light-
er. yellowish-green. The flowers are
large. almost two inches in diameter,
blue with lighter, almost white cen-
This variety will not stand our sulm-
limer sun. Ibut if planted in rich soil, in
the sliade, grows rapidly and is very
Begonias are delightful pot planllts
to grow here ill South llorida. T"he
warm moist air seems to fill their re
lluirelenlts and ilnslures an abundance
Of flowers allnd thie' lost Ibeautiflul coI-
oredl foliage. Begoniai:s dio not like sun,
but Ilnust have light. leat. and a moder-
ate supply of water. Tile very lwest
soil for Begonias is that from good
There is one class of these plants
known as Tuberous rooted, a bulb
which requires a rest during the winter
They aIre splendid summer plants,
foliage rich and thick and pretty, and
double and single flowers-pink. scar.
let. white and yellow. Some of the
flowers are two inches in diameter.
Tuberous rooted Begonias can he
raised from seed. but it is much more
satisfactory to buy the bulbs than to
risk failure with the seeds, which are
so fine as to be likened to dust and
florists who have every facility for
starting them often meet with failure.
Set the bulbs in small pots of soil,
the hollow side up: do not cover the en-
tire bulb, leave the upper surface
of the bulb out until the first leaves
are an inch or more high. then add soil
to cover the tuber.
When first set, water, then set in a
light warm place; do not give more
water until the soil seems dry; if the
soil is kept too wet the bulb will rot.
After the tuber starts to grow do
not let the earth get so dry that the
foliage will wilt. or it will be spoiled.
After a season of foliage and flowers
the leaves will drop off. and the stalk
unjoint, beginning at tie top and joint
Iy joint drop off until the tuber ls
As soon as this process begins with-
hold water entirely: do not give a drop,
and let the tuber dry up and remain
dry from two to three months; then
the bulb may be repotted and started
to grow again.
I have often saved the tubers dry six
months at the North, but I am afraid
they would lose vitality if kept dry so
long in this climate. A very good way
to start tile tubers is to put them in
damli) moss. then pot up as soon as
Mrs. Jennie F. Dickerson.
It is true that Begonias make excel-
lent pot plants. There are few things
that are better. But to see Begonias
lt their best they should he set in the
ground. As tliey will not stand the
sunshine it is necessary to make a
cloth shelter, and the sides should bh
enclosed with a lIath fence half way up
to protect tleill from heavy winds. Set
in rich soil llder such a shelter, they
will inIke ;I wonderful growth.
.r. Painter says that one season lhe
enclosed snch a shelter with cloth all
aroi!ld til. sides as well as over tlhe
toll. thus making lt'e air always hot
11and vler'y imoist. The' result was a most
Begoniis airc very easily transplant-
'ed. nud very Ilrge plants llay be taken
iup in the fall :and put into tubs and
winlteried ill the house.
Begolii:ls lar'c verl'y sensitive to over-
wateriig ail ill times, lint especially
so whelln Just tralisplintled. El-.
Jlst ;lioV we g;Ivc IIn article oil
Begonilas. writtell specially for 1s5. Wt'
1find ill IaI il1 -k nliill iif Vlli l', Ml.-iu_
to relwr-it it nl\ow. slie might not give
the variety lubhr. ;is the .one most
talked fallout, lbut otherwise it is quite
ils illlmuch to tile pointll alln as. valullale
;is if just written:
"Amon* g the very best 'all round'
Iolluse plants aire the Begonias. espec-
ially for warrial roolis. The Begoni;i?
fornl ;i Ilargo, f;inily that sports into I
nIultiplicity of forms: ally of these are
lit le':st fair to look lpoll. while liliny
(If tl hin i ia i l' s1 I' ssingly lea lif ll.
AIlnllg likens fire I few of lltosc rares..
of nil plants bloomllers tliat will flower
31;.' tilieC in a yeliilr. nl d( o this .te
Sfte-r yvI;llr. sA bit plrticl'l r in olne tr
two respects. they ire yet tche re erlst
f ;I "fiissy' falii ily. ila lilest of ll itn
se-ts lo nlot trouble llt lCil.
T"lie tuberous Regoli;is ;are only
ailldaptld flor suluner display. ias they
fiel- down ;nid iar dorniant over wil
ter: RIex BegonihLs. aimong the most
hailisomle foliage i plants in tlle world ,
aire uiifo'rtun'itely so exacting in their
reolluirenlets that they are only suit-
ed to greenlhouse or II ardinn oiase c.l-
ture: for these 'reasons we mean b.l
the tel ril egonias in this article, those
flolwerilnlg sorts that are evergreen hi,
hllnhit :11nd that will live in almost any
kind of iatilosphere which is above tihe
"The Begoni moii st talked about I.
tell lira. Florists phrase it to the
skies: anlateurs do no end of private
grumbling :about it. There is truth on
both sides. I have laid a Itubra that
touched tiie ceiling in two years
growth, and that for five years was no,
once (iut of blloonm- and such bloou.
Great. long. wide panicles of the most
exquisite flowers. I also have a slipt
from that sanie wonderful specimen,
and at eighteen months old it is less
than a foot high. and without a blos-
soun. This sort. I do not hesitate to
say. is the most decorative flowering
houseplhinIt of today, where one has a
goond slpet'imlle. getting g the good spec.
imen is tie ruhl Old farmers tell us..
'Stunt a calf when it is small and you
stunt it for always.' Substitute Rubra
for calf. and yon will strike the diffi-
culty. First get I healthy young
plant. put it in a small pot in the light.
woodsy soil it loves so well, and as It
grows keep shifting it into pots a sizl.
larger. If it grows rapidly until it is
fifteen inches or so ill height, it seema.
to get thle mastery of the obstinate
sulks that seem to lie first nature with
it. A thrifty plant needs no fussing
with. Rlubra will stand quite an
amllullt of sunshine. but the others all
do Iluch better to have considerable
z.in aln article on the samine subject Ib fyg llaing intenldel for fli Northe tal
AhMrs. I., Mili.ce. Perhaps. if she werl'e ,... ..
"P'rol>blly there lilis never before
hec an ;i Alutilonii which related such
ih. n11i1l what is more. everylsoly wah
s:lt;sllted illth it when it w: as olbtaied.ll
\lind yet the demand for it continues.
I'he plint does not sien llii have lost
Tth. r 1 ouvelir. dc iillli Allllilon i.,
lt li]is I so l ii ll s Il ; r la en lll liill llit. tll
growth being strong ini ha li.ll thy, le
'olinglIe denlse i and bcilfltifully Vlriegall-
ie. ind tlhle thl.-vers large. witli orange.
red veinsl. It is il half-halrdy shrub.
t:ll'n well IIs el girdcini plint in the
Soutli. and lthrliv in and ilooinllg as
'till ilaint i til'e willdow lR consl leva-
tiy of the Norith ern al:itillr iorisl.
It likes .i richl. ratlier tenacious soil,
well dr;iined. partial shade. and a lib-
,rif llupply o pr w iater wilile grow itg
tlit ls looliilng. hI l growing it cut tili
top out wheel six or eight illhles high'.
It od as side lbln- Iihes develop oinlih oft
the is gi fewl in-hes from tre e trunk.
'Ile plfrin will tlen wlolne dearle land
Ihe tle Agiuriwe ltuist .I aInuary ,t
tiee of llthe 0 iill ogue1 of Reasontcr
Bros.. of OneCo. Fla.
Through lsoml oversight ill their
mailing department we did not Ireeive
Il coply until several weeks later.
tlhen received. we is d no intentions
of making biny specfa il notice of it,
feeling thl1 Mr. Painter had said all
tiat was necessary. But on looking it
over. we tind so muchill to conniend.
that we write this notice.
It opens witlih brief account of thei
establishment of the nursery by the
hilte Pl'iny W. Reasoner, and a record
of its growth to the present.
P'. WV. Reasoner was a very dear inti-
miate friend to us. whose early death
we mourned. Is we have never felt the
loss of any one else whlio was not I neasl
relative. lHe was ai wonderfully ready
writer, ibut we doubt if in his best
days hle could have surp:asscd thills
"Ite'ord." Ias written by his brother.
The catalogue is well inade up, and
the descriptions, so fair as we are ae.
quainted with the plants are not over
drawn. Thlie illustrations are extreme-
ly good, being far more life-like and
shade, at least through the middle of
the day. A warm east or north win-
dow suits them exactly. Beware al-
ways how you try to introduce them to
Jack Frost. They are sworn enemies,
and while they will stand trying flue.
tuations better than most plants, so
that they are removed from actual
chill, they will not stand the least par-
ticle of frost. Snugly ensconced in
newspaper night-caps they will go un-
injured through a pretty cold night in
a cool room. They can stand almost
a:ly ainount of heat.
"lAnother tiling Begonias are very ill
patient of is manure water. It 11must
be used very weak if at all. They like-
chlarcoal, and a Ilump or two pounded
illc and mixed with the soil gives a
lilite. rich coloring to tilhe leaves. The.
stanl wvood soot tea without injury.
-and this will lie found a valuable fer-
tilizer. A goodl potting soil for tiles,
ilails is middle of two parts loanl. two
parts leaf Imoll. one part clear. sharI,
sand. Something liglit and loose is
A Popular Abutilon.
All varieties of Ablutilon ought it be
popular in Florida. After becolling
established they are nearly hardy here
;inll with .a little eare. in clanking, the
roots mliay lie kept through any winter
in mllost parts of tile state.
'The following description of onel ot
tiie newer varieties is fronl Park's
Floral Magazine. VWe sholiodI. however.
in olr-door iiiture i tllow it to grow
t~illlet" before pihcliing, flil- dir'wtionls
natural than is usual in catalogue pic-
O(e iteml wv wNish to specially comn
ilmeld. In tllhse days of almost univer
sIal r-ilrlesslsles Iabout. if not open dia.
rtiegllrl for the Silliith. tl heir invite.
ti(ol Illl kes visitors welcomle "every
4:iy 1' e('lpi Sllunday."
<'.\N('Elt AND PILES.
Th'lere is a Sanitarium in Belleview.
ila.. whose slpcialty is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
tleml a description of your case and
receive free books by return mall. Ad-
r. W'. Thompson. M. D., Supt.
T'le-lihr .iohlln. what are your imiots
Teacher -Willcre 4does the leather
I-oy -From t1lie Ili le of tie ox.
'Frnclher- Wlat animal. therefore
sllpplis 'yoil witl Iloots and give you
lllai't to featl it-
oly MV falthcr. Tit-Bits
of hair is
10 R bald spot
HA is not the
kind of a mark most
Too many men in
their twenties are
bald. This is absurd
and all unnecessary.
Healthy hair shows
man's strength. To
build up the hair from
the roots, to prevent
us e- &ir
It always restores
color to faded or gray
hair. Notice that
word, "always." And
it cures dandruff.
$1.00 a battle. Alldruggakt.
"My business calls me out amog
strangers a great deal. I would
actually feel ashamed every time
I would take off my bat, my hmir
was so thin and the eld spot
showed so plainly. I began the e
yof your Hair Vigor less than three
months ago. Today I find I a&T
fine a head of hair as I ever had.
I tell everybody what I used, ad
they say 'it must be a wonderful
remedy.' Go. YEARL,
Dec. 14,1898. Chibgo
We have a book on The Nea rt
sealp whieh we will aend free
request. If you do not obtain inthL
henelts you expected from the e of
the Vior. write the Doctor about
Da. .C. C. R,
V. V. -^ . V. V^
i_2' TTHE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Entered at the post-office at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
E.O. PAINTER & CO..
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
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Al communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft. Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand. or Registered Let-
ter, -therwise the publisher will not be re-
sponh.Mle in case of loss. When personal
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Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
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To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper, must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their paper changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.
WEDNESDAY. MAR'lCH ,. 1!101.
"A 'wonlllll ihas ais mallny rights as n.
nan i and several besidess"
ises at tlhe altilr to love. honor and
oley- slei d(oes not completely abdicate
her rights of revolution aind rebellion.
Wlhelln hr hushiand asks her 1o sign a
ilortgage to lheir hoine. slie hals a ltr-
feet right to say no anid stick to it.
The contllinually arriving shiplo:ds of
the everlastingg inllnirtedl ananlla." as
a Nortlnern hortiicultural paper calls
thlem. aire aI tlhorn in the sides of tlhe
Northern fruitgrower. There ought to
be ia tariff on them. If the Anglo-S:ax-
on ratce culltivated t1he Inall:nn. there
would Iw aI tolerably good pirospe't
that it would eventually run about halt
of the other fruit products of tlie earth.
Fortunately, it is cultivated by a very
That is quite an important scientific
fact Irought to the front by tihe Texas
Exlserinlent Station and suntlp rted lby
the Pennsylvania Station. that cotton
seed meal added to the cow's ration
causes the whole milk to part more
readily with its cream. either ly grav-
ity or by centrifugal separation. It
lias been found that almost twice as
much fat is left in the skim milk when
cotton seed meal is omlitted floni tlhe
feed. In other words. the butter fat of
cotton seed ineal seems tot bring away
with it the other butter fat.
It is a characteristic of the American
pioneer to work silnerticiall.y to "skin
and fizzle." lie wears oiut tile virgin
surface soil. then moves on to find
somie more nearer to tlhe frontiers. He
leaves good healthy tablelands that
are easily cleared and cultivated aind
caln so n lie llade fairly fertile by le-
guine farnninig. with some fertilizers.
ing. No single article in the great
stalples of human food is permanently
ldelressed: all prices have a way of vl-
brating, and tile long average of a life-
tili is profitable. These Ilen-and
there are inany ill every neighborhood
-are always missingg it." while the
wise men "miss it" only part of the
tile. The other part they "strike it
T'he -rolps of Florida. such as fruits
:inl vegetables while they often give
far more brilliant profits than the cot-
ton of t.'orgia, are ignore uncertain.
llence the fertilizer dealers and Iner-
chants will not give credit here as
they do in 4;eorgia. where they con-
sider themselves sure of their reim-
Iursellient wlhe(l the harvest comes.
Their crop lien is the most slavish agrl-
cultural system in the world, short of
downright serftliom or peonage, and
Florida growers are certainly more In-
dependent than the cotton growers who
mortgage everything for a year's sup-
A heifer's ialf is smaller l and less
hardy than one frontm : mature cow..
This is something of a loss to the beef-
grower. but to tie mnilkunan it is an
advantage. The heifer that is bred at
eightelel months comes In lilk sooner.
andl. if pIroperly -calred for, lllmake a bet
ter couw nll the second calf. In a good
milk breed. i like the Jersey. the heifer
with hIer seconlld -alf will increase from
tifty to seventy 'lr enllt. ill her milk
yield. The higher tlte grade in milk
tlie inorE ditticulty ill raising tlie calf
lihe milklnan or farmer will bless the
day whlen he began to well his calves.
To an old Floridian. it is an eye-opener
to see cows and calves running togeth-
er. the latter all unaware of the re-
lationship. One must iwgin this with
the heifer: it is inilmssible to teacn
old (iows inew tricks.
'Ihe Florida farmer of the old re-
gine argues that all the fertility of the
soil in its naturll c-ondition is in the
upper two or three inches, and that it
is useless to plow deeper, if not posi-
tively injurious. Will this farmer tell
us why the pine does not confine itself
to this thin crust instead of sending
down a powerful taproot ten or fifteen
feet? 'IThe slaw-palmnetto, the wild
plum. tihe oak and niilIy other trees
root nmany feet deep. and surely the
dwarf palmetto is not obliged to do it
to support itself against the wind. It
is in search of water. Even the an-
inals, entirely wild. such as the cof-
fee weed, the pitcher-plant, the lily,
the Ibllflower, do not confine them-
selves to tile shallow top-soil, but
strike down after water. The land
shoulli be plowed iup to give tie corn a
chance to get water.
It is one of the standing anollalies
ir contradictions that we hear on all
sides constant laments over the drift
of farriers into city life, coupled with
tle other complaints of over-production
and low prices. America is radically
unlike the European countries; there
the -clai:isss of the population aire sta-
andpases n t) tl, lluialIs~t oitS nlaliryl, her" tihe 'oinstant inlUU'v
thy ohg lse fEuoecod
crops without fertilizers. :and when it
is harvested it belongs to tile pihysici:an
and the merchant. And on his grave-
stone is written "hleiaturia.
Some fariIers sorely lick Ierlsisten-
cy. Potatoes are low-priced and this
class of f:irers. dIiseouraged, sell all
tff. even their seed. and next year they
have no potatoes and the price is boom-
out the more intellectual American
farmers. who naturally drift into the
cities. As to over-production conjoined
with the semi-starvation of the poor
ill tle cities, there is nothing more true,
as a general proposition, that, in this
land of broad acres and absolute per-
sonal liberty. every man can feed his
family with abundance if he has the
sense, the energy and the persistence
to choose an occupation and stick to dealing with the south, estimates that
3,000 acres of canteloupes will -be
planted. One man at Mcintosh expects
o to plant ninety acres.
Some of Our Unprofltable Ways. I Hent s are a good catch ctrop, espec-
IThe people of this state disagree so ally for home use. Bush lima beans of
completely that alout the only thing various sorts tilte Jackson wonder bean,
they can agree nulon is is in their prac- the navy bean. The latter is very use-
tice of wasting pretty much all of the ful for household purposes, and it does
r o well in Florida. The Florida butter
surplus of everything that is produced lienn is delicious.
in the state. They seem to take the at- Plant Hubbard squashes. We have
titude of the donkey dancing among s'en well-ripened ones kept eighteen
the chickens. "every man for himself." months, on shelves close up under the
floor of a house six feet above the
In this way we get an excellent crop ground.
of -well, let us call it stupidity. We let A month or six weeks hence plant
our tomatoes and culcimlters rot on the some conch peas. This is the only cow
ground by the thousands of bushels pea that white men can really eat. If
and send onr good money North for grow on phosphate and potash they
are of a good flavor, and thoroughly
pickles and canned tomatoes in cans acceptable in the drouth of vegetables
and liottles. Thousands of tons of In midsummer.
piinestraw and wiregrass burned an- Every farmer in Florida can have
nually that might be gathered up with tomatoes all summer if he will put
ually might gathered forth a little extra effort. We have
horse rakes and converted into bed- seen it successfully tried by a neigh.
ding and an absorbent of liquid man- bor in the heaviest of flatwoods soils.
ure. And this would not damage the Dig a ditch two feet deep, with a
trade of the fertilizer dealers, but ben- gentle slope if possible. Fill it nearly
full of pine poles, then cover with pine
etit it by creating a basis and demand straw and throw on earth enough to
for more. We send North for timothy plant in. Raise the plants directly over
hay. which the shrewd Northern far- the ditch. Stake or mulch to keep them
nler leaves until it is dead ripe before off the ground.
When the ground gets warm dlant
lie cuts it-so ripe that the seed scat- Stowell's evergreen sweet corn. Open
ter off and the stalks are woody- the furrows a day beforehand and let
when two fairly good crops of hay can the ground get thoroughly warmed up,
be iprMluced here per year. then cover the moist earth with a hoe.
You can plant this In succession for
Thousands of barrels of cabbage go three months. Of course, the budworm
to waste in tie spring when they might will eat a good deal of it, but you can
itb converted into the homely but afford to lose half of the ears. it is so
healthy saner kraut, which, when prop- far superior to horse corn.
Send and procure some seed of the
early Irepared, would be an acceptable Mexican .Tune corn; plant about the
(lish in the fariners' ration in lidsum- middle of the rainy season. It win
iner vwhen vegetables are scarce. Our make good roasting ears natil very
farmers canvass and vote and pull late.-Farmer and Fruit Grower.
wires to maintain a fence law in order About Seeds and Plants.
to have piny-woods-rooters in abun- I read a great deal in catalogues and
dance and free of cost; yet they do not papers alout seeds with Interest and
even tlen raise me:at enough to last SOIW profit. But I continue to experi-
lf in nrl. ony ent with seeds. and I do not take any
theml half the year. ill general. Money seed grower's or seller's advice when
by thousands of dollars is spent for I go to plant lmy main crop.
thick wliite bacon, almost clear lard, As one writer said of those that said
imported from the North. tile most they grew nllelons on the same piece
unsulitable food in the ctagory for the of land more than once. I oppose all
think they alr giving good advice, and
lhot weather. A ilberal use of ice at it may be to some. but not to everyone.
liutehering time. and of salt and smoke As to growing melons on the same
for several weeks thereafter would In- land twice. I can grow melons here
sure the preservation of a plentiful sup- there years in succession on the same
l land and from seed grown here. that
ply of the leaner meat of our own will be as good as any that can be
state, far better adapted to promote grown in the United States. But I
health and support the farmer's may have better land and better seed
strength than the swimming-fat pork than they have further north.
As to country merchants selling bad
of Iowa. seed. we have reliable merchants Tior"
Thousands of bushels of strawber- and they know the farmer's interest is
ries rot in the fields every year that their interest. As to package seed sold
would make thrice as many gallons by merchants not being fresh and t-..
to name, some of the Iest and truest
of cordial and jars of jam, excellent to name I ever used was package seed.
iand wholesome articles of food, pro- bought from our merchants. And I can-
duced cheaply enough to be used ev- not see why parties furnishing our
ery day. if desired, and not, as now, merchants every year with seeds un-
m1erely a luxury. And all this while. es i iin ood see their int
est ill giving ts good seed.
It lnea'rly every farmer's back-door- We should grow s otme of our seed
sontitinmes at the front-in a display lihen. : solll northern grown seed will
t ihch is anything but artistic- not d1" well here. The following named
there is seenl a Ieap of ellpty cans, seed I would not accept at anlly lrilce
there i a e y c to plant here if they were grown in the
wliose glittering labels show that thle north: Watermelon. intskmielon. pump-
maiiufacturers put them on to capture kin. corn, oats. rye and peanuts.
gudgeolls. There are other seeds tlfat can lie
grown here that will do well here also:
Catch Crops. bit I have not found any advantage in
A subscriber writes: "Will you kind- growing them here.
ly inform me as to the extent of thie As to strawberry plants. I would
rains over this state. How far south prefer to have plants grown here. and
have the rains extended, and to whalt I think the majority of growers would.
extent?" Because there are a good many plants
plains have very seriously curtailed ordered from North Carolina and other
the potato crop all through central and places is not sufficient reason that they
south Florida. in some flatwoods sec- are better than Florida-grown plants.
tions reducing it to one-third: This is There are not enough grown here yet
not as great a loss as it might ie; to supply the increasing demand. The
when potatoes can be bought in tie long summer and the rainy season
northern states at 25 cents a bushel, makes it difficult and expensive to
as they are now in Michigan in places. grow good plants here. Growing plants
there is not much encouragement to is different from growing fruit. A per-
replant them. son to grow good plants here must
If you replant your potatoes do noht have some experience in selectint- lard
plant the early varieties; they will run planting and cultivation. Sometimes
to tops. Plant the late ones. such as good plants will grow in the fruiting
Chili Red and Hebron; they will make feld. but as a rule they are not the
potatoes. hest.-H. in Florida Farmer and Fruit
A Jacksonville house having much Grower.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 153
Deep vs. Shallow Planting for Corn.
Plenty of meu andl northern aud
western farmers will tell you tlihalt ll
there is to Florida soil is on top of tlih>
ground and that four inches ;s :,;:;(.,
than Iwelve in plowing. HappI:ly. :l;t
master has been repeatedly tested iln
our common pine lands; tit deep
plowing with proper fertilizat oii has
brought astonishingly big crops.
Two years ago Mr. K. (I have no
right to use his name) of southwestern
Polk county put in his -orn ais hli lhnd
done in lowa, plowing deep andil well
His neighbors told hlii "tlha kind iof
plowing would not answer inl IFlorida.:
ihe woutl gel no (orln." \Vill quliet4 die
termination lie ionll:1inlued his course.
During the growing season his neigh-
bors remarked: "Hlave you seen K's
corn? It is ais high again as ours."
"Yes," was tile reply, "hlut it will all
run to stalk; he will get no corn." In
due time the harvest came. I have not
the exact figures concernilng tlhe re
suits, but those neighbors generally nd-
mitted that they never lwfore had seen
no large a yield.
1 myself have known of 1l11 llnuselsl
of shelled corn being grown on a care-
fully measured acre. as tle' result of
igh manuring and deep plowing. in
oky Connecticut. I once hired vi
neighbor to plow a field folr Ile that I
intended to plant in 'ornl. reIlluesting
im to plow as deeply as oInssiible.
ate in the day I discovered that lie
as plowing as he did his own land.
hallow and carelessly. Though I wAs :
hind with my work that sc asom and
uld ill afford to sland lmy tile pl ow-
g land the stecondl tlle. I laidi niy
ighbor off. and the next dlay with a
ingle horse plowed that field again.
tut more than as deep again :1as l'e adll
lowed it. In tle fall nly erop wasi
ighty-fonr bushels of shelled corn I er
r acre against about twenty Iushels
r acre on my neighbor's field. allnost
adjoining lots. This was the -s.lle lIan
hat started to plow niy Illld. I will
lare add that that piece of land wasl so
oky that I could hardly cultivate
m;netlies without ullmping tle horse
rver the row to avoid :a lirge roik.
rher' was the salIne foolish iirrtjlldli.e
hen in Cilinwecticut agauhlst deep plw-
ng that there is now here.
Said a farnier: "If I bury m'y Io'st
l11 and fertilizer out of reach of 11my
!rops I will get no corn and e'as.'" I
epiied: "If you have te. much fear
That score then plow in tile full,
Jry your weeds and il the spriin;.
-hen ready to put in your corn. ,plow
leep again and turn it all back n tlop
f you can find it again." Brains and
nuscle combined. le it in deep Ilow
ng or a hundred other things, will re-
urn great profit to tlie farmer wo
ill think and experiment beyond tlihe
ld rnt of common farming. Possibly
our land may be so poor land raw
hat it will Ie lest to take three or foul
ears to get the plow down where il
should go. plowing a co1ulple of inches
deeper every year.
Some farmers use subsoil plows-
hat loosen tile subsoil. ,but do not
ring it to the surface. With S4Ollu soils
hat may lei the lest. Study tlil nature
f your soil and then exlperilment until
on prove the Iwst way to do -ill things.
Examples of good farming onl whalnt is
gardedt as Isoor lani will ye't irvoll-
ionize the inethods of Floridll arini-
ng. Ikpelp plowing. drainage and irriga-
ion-fertilizing :and tlie creation of
uunus-these are the forces ti:at will
benefit our highest as well :s our flat-
Iest lands. and greatly raise tlh av:er-
ge of production on Florida farils.
rida Farmer and Fruit (.rower.
Ugly Husband (snarlilng)-"You mar-
ed nle for letter or worse, didn't
Wife (hesitatingly)-"Yes. but I slip-
on4ed I would have some variety."-
Detroit Free Press.
Tweatr wreds, same sad'ddress. one
wck, 25c there weeks. 50c.
ABSSAVA SEED for sale; prices low. BENJ
N. BRADT, Huntington, Fla. 10x30
IARBRD PLYMOUTH BOCK BGGS-Prom
extra. prebred fowls. $1 per setting. W.
P. KIRKBRIDB, Grove City, Pla. 9-18
PALMS FERNS, BAMBOOS. AMARYLLIS.
CRINUTMS. and a long list of flowering,
fruiting and foliage plants, shrubs ne.
etc. specially adapted to Florida planting.
Send for beautifully Illustrated catalogue
free. JESSAMINEGARDENS, Jessamne.
FOR SALB-Orange trees, best varieties.
Only few hundred left. Will close them out
at low prices. 17%c up. WINTiR HAVEN
NURSERIES, Winter Haven. Fla. 9x11
FOR 8ALE-One 13-inch, second hand. one-
horse Morgan spading harrow, about as
ood as new, at a bargain. W. S. HART.
Hawks Park, Fla. 9x11
FOR SALE-Pine Apple. Orange trees, from
the original Bishop Hoyt Co.'s stock; few
rape fruit and tangerines; all tree from
insects. GEO. L. CARLTON, Pine. Fla. 8-10
IN SMALL LOTS-Pomelo. Rough Lemon
and Sour Orange Seeds for sale. Inquire of
Box 213. Miami. Fla. 8xi5
IRRIGATING PLANT-A large quantity of
3-inch black iron pipe for salecheap. CLIF-
FORD ORANGE CO., Citra. Fla. 7x19
WANTED-A chemist. One who has had
experience in handling fertilizing ma-
terials. a state resident preferred. E. O.
PAINTER, Jacksonville. Fla.
WANTED-Married man with small family
forfarmwork. Steady employment for man
with good references. WINTER HAVEN
NURSERIES, Winter Haven, Fla. 9xll
ROSES AND VOILETS at Rosecroft. M. E.
Ten Eyck, DeLand. Fla. 6x17
WRITE to J. D. Bell, St. Petersburg, Fla.,
for pineapple plants. 2tf
IRON PIPING, for irrigating purposes, in
first class condition, for sale cheap. CLIF-
FORD ORANGE CO., Citra. Fla. 7x19
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
vile, Po. 10xI3-01
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grpe-fruit and Tangerine.
Box i Orlando, Fla. Mt
CASSAVA BEID FOR SALE--Purchaaer
may bid on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg,
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sied plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburudale.
FOR 8ALE CHEAP-3.000 feet of 3-inch
iron pipe in good condition, for watering
groves. CLIFFORD ORANGE CO., Citra,
"WHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA"-Beautiful
kodak album. Cloth and morocco binding,
Cloth 50c, morocco 75c postpaid. E. 0.
PAINTER & CO., DeLand, Fla. ft
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES. Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13t
FOR SALE-S75 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address. P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
CONSIGN ORANGES TO
PORTER BROS. CO.,
WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.
CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $2o0,ooo.oo.
CHICAGO. NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS. ST. PAUL.
PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE nll s for re-
PORTER BROS CO OFFI ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER BROS. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
4i A EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES sheld go
diret to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencls, Market Quota.
tions, and General Instructions for shipping Florida products supplied from the Jacksonvlle office
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank............... 1200
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
S gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
t, o Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
Barrel Spray Pump, com-
plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
SClimax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................... 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc ............ 20.70
SMyers' California Favorite,
Insecticides: Lime. Sulphate of Cop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur. etc.
Pine and: Bangor Orange Beoxes
s phaed Blrch Hoops, ad lrsee
Mixed Hoops, Nmana and eolereg
Orange Wraps, Cement Coatted Ben
Nails. Pineapple. Bean, Cfntssnpe.
Cabbage and other Crates; Tonate
Carriers, Lettuce Baskets. Etc.
Imperial Plows and Cultivators. etc
Catalogue and price iits on &lll-
RINom Is Robinson Bldg.
We have a full supply o
all the best varieties of Or-
r==anges. Poiolos, Kumquats,
etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. @an show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.
GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,
G. L. TABER, Proprietor,
WATER YOUR GROVES. pineries and veg- Glen St Mary, Fl ida.
table farms. Write the CLIFFORD OR- Florida.
ANGE CO.. Ctra Fla.. for prices on iron
pipe for Irrigating plant. 7x19
WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges.
rpe Fruit. Peaches. Persimmon.. Plus,. TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
Pears. Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
phor trees. Roses. Ornamentals, etc. Cata- IN FLORIDA AND THETROPICS.
logue free. Address. THE GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company. Jacksonville, Fla.
_41t ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
BITCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett, FOLIATA.
Prop. Tampa. Fla.. 40000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine- Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
apple, n eartrine and Grape Fruit on six to Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Beddlng
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so- Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
icited. 42tf FRUITLAND NURSERIES. P. J. BERCKMANSCO, Aura" G.
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees. b0E.Established 1856.04 CO, A.a.
largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata.
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
GRTFFTNG BROTHERS Company, Jac FOR SUMMER AND FALL
sonrille. Fla. 41tf
PINE PPLE PLANTS-Smooth Cavnne, Ab-PLAN
bare. Env le City and den ee THE RIFFI BROTHER'S CO.
sale by CLIFPFORD ORANGE CO., Citra, THE GRIFFIN BOTHER'S CO.,
ina 7l9 7 Jackoeville, Fla.
PRACTICAL WINDMILL POR BIGHT
DOLLARS-I have devised a form of wind- THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
mill that can be built for above price and
do good work. PsMP. SAW on ORnD. Ptis Co" plete sttck of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
seminortable and can e easily and anickly and sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc.. etc.
moved from place to place. FORONEDOL-
LAR will sendcompleteset of blue print ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
drawing and fll instructions, which win
eAbiml l an hands mnu to usid tand w t Complete stock of fruit trees anl i Summer and fall catalogue free upon
this mnill into cesntful us an It ill he application. Address
Ionid Inust as represented-a cheap. practi -
cal wind power, capable of ear ma plans, fancy poultry. etc. Orall THE ORIFFINO BROTHER'S CO..
times its cost. Addres H. M. TROMAS fruit trees a J
Box 576, Duluth, Minn. 9-12 and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jacksonville, Fla.
154 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
T h i n s Hot-breads,
To E .t cake,
A RE muffins,
OYAL the various
P a leavening
oPowder r raising
Risen with Royal Baking Powder, all these
foods are superlatively light, sweet, tender,
delicious and wholesome.
Royal Baking Powder is the greatest of
time and labor savers to the pastry cook.
Besides, it economizes flour, butter and eggs,
and, best of all, makes the food more
digestible and healthful.
The "Royal Bakei and Pastry
Cook containing over 800
most practical and valuable
cooking receipts-free to
every patron. Send postal
card with your full address.
There are cheap baking pow-
ders, made from alum, but they
are exceedingly harmful to
health. Their astringent and
cauterizing qualities add a
dangerous element to food.
WOYAL BAKING POWDER CO., 100 WILLIAM STREET, NEW YORK.
HOUSEHOLD DEPA.BRTENT. Ilit shade. 'These cakes will keel) we
All communications or enquiries for this de- ill winter. uit shonl Ibi made fires
t should be addressed to ** w'k or two wVlhen tlhe weathll
partmett should be addressed to i arln. Mrs. Caroline.
Household Dept. Jacksonville. For Home makers.
For Home Dressmakers.
Yeas. Editor Houiisold Department:
So Drt. Il holies lnot visited ly tile fasllio
Editor Hoasrhold Depiartment: Il.agazils it is often difficult to kno
Good bread is :i primnie necessity in iust whalt to ,ly and how to lake
housekeeping nld Ihas il tinies piast so that the family may he ,lec.onl
been considered one of the lhousewife's ingly and failsionlllly attir,. and til
greatest acicomllisi lmeits. and should i, ljelt (if t is article is to give assist
still hold that high rallnk. I do not (onl- 1n,1, il such cases.
sider myself a model housekeeper, anml
must confess that anything beyond l* first. as to ololrs. ll;ick will le on
plain cooking is an eniginIl that quite of lte ]llilea : i !ones. as flite black an
staggers me. but I have always been wlite' effe,.il :1re mIore stylish tha
considered quite a success with my "'''r before. lini and( gold is also poi
light bread and yeast. I always made il'ar. il fi'ct gold cords and I braids ai
my own yeast a ln therelly saved miny cobined with all colors this spri
a penny. "'ll varioul shaildes of gray. tall all
First pare two good sized potatoes. :h11 tllt(' wi all so b( 11111uh1 01orn.
Irish. iand put ion i o 1oil ill aliot .i "1r" thliose wo ill11t Stllly economy
quart of water. Tic up aII sliall halnd- t"h IP:'eviilliln styles arll' very collvel
ful of hops inl aI nice white cloth and "'i as 1 Ii s1 111 'iantity of silk. Ipe
drop tliem into the water. Boil until Il'ls fl'ront tlIe liiece drawer or the les
the potatoes arei thloroullhly done. re- Ip-rtl f a111 ol' dress. will inake a ves
plenishing the water iis it boils olu. :iI1 .sleeve puffs to wear with an Ena
so that yoll will 1hayv just a 11qart "'1 .iJackekt. while :i lit of gold lIral
when done. Pu't ailbot a Iint of flour will brigtein anl other lrwise dull dres1
Into an eartlhelware vessel and Ix)ur 1i ieniloeling i dress the skirt niny l
this srhling holt liquid over it. Stir 11:l1'd molre tilrilg by the insertion o
it to :l smooth paste. theln msh Itll wtldge scrtihlls or inverted liox p!lit
potatoes fine. being c'rl'eful t lake oill il tll' sk'irt "l' Is. These plits i
all lumps, and add theiii to the sl-ald- I"i, oif :1 4i'1h to siit thI individual
ed flour. .Mix well togetlier and let istl or the l l:lltity of matilerial. frol
stand until cool enough to bear the six tl, tenl iliches.
finger. then add yeast that has been The skirt lmay let' lengthened Iby
previously softened, and set away to circular flounce or a tucked flounce.
rise. When it has risen sufficiently. very stylish suit was recently evol
add corn uliel until stiff enough to roll \id f11roli two old-fashioned ashliner
and nlake into smallll cakes. Dry In dresses. for :i young lady. and a de
154 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
scription of it may prove helpful to
The dresses (one tan and the other
light blue), were first carefully ripped
and brushed, then washed in a warm
pearline suds. and rinsed. While still
damp they were pllt into a black dia-
mond dye for wool, and. as the goods
was all wool, a beautiful, even color
was the result. After the goods was
carefully washed and pressed it could
hardly let told from new goods.
The seven gore pattern, Butterick's
No. 4770, was selected for the skirt, as
that made it possible to use narrow
pieces. Groups of three tucks finish
the seanis except the back seam. Each
gore forms a point at the bottom of
the short skirt. which is lengthened by
a flounce tucked to half its length. All
of this was easily cut from the cash-
mere and the joining of the flounce and
skirt was covered and decorated with
staplls of bla-ck velvet ribbon, one inch
wide and four inches longer than one
side of a point. put on to form two
rows of ribbon crossed in lattice fash-
ion at both upper and lower points.
Tllie Eton jacket was trimmed with
two rows of narrow black velvet rib-
Ilon and had fancy shaped rovers faced
with white silk and edged with two
rows of gold cord. The bell sleeves
were also trimmed with the ribbon and
flared over full puffs of white silk. end-
ing il wristbands edged on both sides
with two gold cords and fastening In
a point on top. The full vest and gir-
dle were of white silk, although a black
velvet ribllon crossed in front and
fastened with a jeweled uckele will
sometimes Ise worn instead of tile gir-
dle. The white silk collar fastens In
a point a little to the left of the front
an1d was decorated with rows of gold
cold at both edges.
.A Ilel or tail cloth lllade in this way
would look well witl pink or pale blue
silk if preferred. Experience.
Woman's Bhare in Farm Work.
SWonnanl' s llre in farnl work de-
penids entirely upon tile health.
strength and surrounding conditions of
tile wonllan. says E. H. in American
Agri-culturist. If she (all assist in the
lottioor work without detriment to
ll'a:ltli and happiness. well and good.
If not. shie should not undertake it.
I I*calnel interested in outdoor farnl-
ilng sonfse six years ago. after several
years' work ill tile slchoolrool. I have
kept hens. raised chickens, tended the
garden. ('lit and dropped potatoes. ap-
plied ipris green to same. raised small
fruits, worked a little inl tile bayfield.
don,,e brn chores at times. kept the
li;rn windows in repair. swept horse
sleilss and floors occasionally. and
washed wagons. sleighs, harnesses, etc.
II The change of work. fresh air. etc..
II have In te Istneticial. I have gained
r il flesh,. strength and general health.
The pecllniary results have been suffi-
cient to provide for all my wants.
What I have done has been done on my
own choice. At tile same time, sore
Illuseles and other ills have come In
n for consideration. The spring house-
w work has dragged along through the
it mlllllmer and tlhe fall housework to the
i- winter months. Except for a few
e Ionitlhs in tile winter, am too tired to
t- go to church or to evening entertain-
menlts. IIave lost interest in cooking,
e sewing and other household duties, in
I a measure. aid seldom "dress up" In
I, tle afterrlon. And I have not been
i, alone in the bouse, either. I live with
.,. my mother. who does her share of tile
dI So. wllen no one c(an think any bet-
ter of f:la'ling than I do. I say that no
y wvolnn who does hier work alone
i- sllould ever lie expected to do any part
r- of tlhe outdoor work. Nor should she
it take it luon herself to do it unless shle
it be exceptionally strong and has some
t- special line of falling in which she Is
d interested etnoighl so that tile doing of
s. it will blie pleasure. In which case she
*. shloulll always have tile iloliey result-
if ing therefromi.
s I lave folld buIt little outdoor work
Shult has been Il:hrder than the hardest
1 part of houllsVework. so would not reconi
i" Ilried :in exchange of laloir. that the
wife lmay have fresh air. She should
a _et her fresh air in walks or drives. In
tending her flowers and playing with
I- lite children. Or even lying in the
e hlliammock. or sitting on the piazza, if
- too tired for exercise. For no woman
can( work all tinl tinme and keep her
(On the other hand every woman on
ai f rns should understand enough of
the care of stock and raising of com-
n1on crops to know when the work Is
properly done. so that if left alone on
tile farm she will not Ie entirely at the
mercy of the Ilired help. but can di-
rect iet work herself. This knowledge
can only ltI gained by doing some part
of the work herself at some time of
ner life. This would better come at
her cllildhood's home before marriage.
,but she 1anll, if necessary, leant it af-
terward. I consider the security of
feeling that contes from knowing how
to o these things. worth more than the
effort it costs to leani them. She
shollld also bestir herself to a little
extra effort to look after the stock
whenl the mien folks are away, that
they iiny not suffer neglect, but no reg-
ilr chores or farm work should ever
lie reuiilred of her.
Hot Breakfast Cakes.- Take scraps
of lightlread. put in a bowl and pour
enough son: milk over then to soak
thell soft. Let stand over night.
Break in one or two eggs. according
to quantity. add soda. and a half or
olle 11111 of sugar and flour to make of
the consistency of batter cake.
These are very nice and serve to use
hits of bread that would otherwise be
(ookies Without Eggs. Cream two
t.ups of sugar with one of butter, add
one ,cup of buttermilk in which has
le en dissolved one level teaspoonful
of soda. Flavor with nutmeg and add
flour to make a dough stiff enough to
roll. Roll thin. Bake in hot oven.
Pork Cake.--Two eggs, two cups of
sugar. one cupi of molasses, one cup of
fat pork chopped fine. one cup of ral-
'is stoned and choplied. one cup of
sour milk. one teaspoonfui of soda, one
t:alespoonful each of cloves, cinnamon
and nutmeg. Bake in moderate oven.
The fashion of pinning brooches on
just anywhere for show has passed
with other useless fads. says an ex-
,change. Looking over the audience at
tlte theater tile other night every oth-
er girl had her collar band behind pin-
ned with tile handsomest brooch she
possessedl, or she had used it to caten
ilp llhe little stray locks of hair at her
nock. Speaking of hair. after the ter-
:ilio lprolwlrtions attained in the sum-
nIrl by a poulp:adour "built up by rate
and other things." as George Ade de-
scribed it in one of his latest fables.
it is :i relief to see that this monstros-
ity has entirely disappeared with wav-
ed hair. Int its place has come a shin-
ing. well-brushedl coiffure, the knot
coiled very far forward, a slight droop
over the forehead. llt close at the
sides. Nothing must Inar tile contour
frol tile neck uill. Instead of one lit-
tle pill a narrow comb is placed al-
mtost at tlie base of the knot and be-
low an oval shell or gold pill.
Can't you win one of our premiums?
FOULTUY AND 19A DEPART- When this is the case about the best
IJENT. thing to do is not to make the same
All communications or enquiries for this de- mistakes again, but do our utmost to
apartment should be addressed to profit by the lessons taught.
FLORIDA AORICtILTURIST. When I look way back in 1881 and
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla. think of the numbers of people who
camee to see the great hatch of 175
chicks from 2541 eggs secured from an
Black Fowls. incubator of iy own construction, and
For market poultry there is no de- then to think I kept right on making
nying the fact that fowls with yellow new mistakes and ones that I now
legs and skin and light colored pin think were unllllessary. it brings for-
feathers are always given the prefer- cibly to my lilnd the saying: "We are
enee over all others. I dare say, no never too old to learn." and if every
one could distinguish the difference f- son engaged i rising poltry
ier cooking. still the buyers must be would llar thisi' ill i better results
consulted anl soi long as they are will- woull I tend the effort.
ing to pay for that class of poultry it It is ,by 'exercising thell facility iof
will lie to) our adtvanltage to supply it. learning tha:it w-e art ailde to hbecoime
Yellow--ski fowls have a much more rlt'ilhnt in whatever we may under-
attractive appearant when dressed, nlaket. This applies most effectively to
and buyers will always select them in t l lilanageient and operation of
preference to the white-skin fowl with lro lers. If we cannot profit by our
eark pin feathers. e i wn experience. let us at least profit
It is argued by sole in supterrt of y the experience or others. In our
the latter kind that If pin feathers are daily conversationsn c ith those whom
to be eaten the dark colors are no we know Ihave ii successful we
worse than the other. True. but we do hlay often pick ul pointers that will
not intend to eat either kind: though hellp often ik dt if intlr that llee
the difference lies solely in the general sIel us isur inunt tat forele
appearance of the fowl after the pin If nou ntiuiate using a brooder this
feathers are removed-the light colors Ouslg ta sit now Is the tin, to think
leaving no marks. while the dark col- of it. Of course. it is some time
ors will leave a black spot. which all before we think of setting eggs to get
the washing yon can give will not re- chicks hatched by the last of March.
milove.--Exchange. lint it is not so many days until we
Laying and h t Fals. will set the inltcuator if we are to get
Laying and arket Fowls. tit very early Ibroilers.
It mlay not Ie profitabe to keep the For this rea:lson the I,'rulers should
"tbeWt laying breed" unless it can en- he secured ahead of time and the brood
dinre tlle climate where the winter sea- house alrangedt for so that all things
son is very cold. for no breed will lay mlay lie ill gImtl condition to receive
that is unable to brave the cold. If the youngsters.
eggs are tie main obije't the poultry- Don't put off ordering until the last
man or farmer must feed with that lolllentlt. whenlll thle rush is on. then
purpose in view. He may feed wheat have to wait a wocek or ten days to
and corn, to sustain heat of the body have the ortl'er tilled, and in the mean-
and to provide the yolks of the eggs, tilm tlte hatch has colme off with no
hut he must also give something else, Ibro, aer inl sight. Tilhe result is loss
In order that the hens may have within :iInu worry to yourself and discolnfort
their reach all the materials for mak- if not worse for the chicks. iThere is
ing complete eggs. for which purpose :n adiage that "IProcrastination is the
meat, bran. linseed meal. clover. cab- thief of tinie." It may tle more to you,
aIge and cooked potatoes or turnips it may steal your c'hi'ks by death and
should be given in addition to the your tllonlly by reason of delay, so for
grain. Every one who feedst for eggs this reason try to be on time at least
astould ktee) in view the fact that a 1y3 taking lu tili matter of buying
laying hen is not intended for market. yollr bronoler early or at least making
and that walking sucl hTen s fat is no sulh arallgemenlts that you will know
part of thle management for egg pro- just when yon ci count on it reaching
duction. To prevent the hens from be- you.
coming falt nwile consuming enough ('are must ie taken when placing
food for their support and for produc- chicks hatched by hens in the brooder
tion they must be made to work for or there will it a greater brood of lice
the larger share of the food received, than chicks and at the same time the
by scratching in litter. If this fails to brooder will become a hotbed of lice
accomplish the desired result then the that will be hard to exterminate. Of
food is not balanced. Too much grain course the lice can he killed and chicks
may be allowed, and the remedy is to saved and this must be done and the
reduce the proportion of grain and give result reversed.
more meat. The hens will also keep in If you put chicks into a brooder after
better condition when judiciously fed. they liad every louse taken off them
The allowance of cabbage and grain you will never need bother about lice
food is not Iecause of the nutritious so long as they are kept in the brooder.
material contained in such foods, as Thic is one great advantage artificial
they are really of but little value, but l'oodling has over the natural method,
they perform excellent service from a and after it has been tried by the be-
dietary standpoint. No food should be dinner is seldolt that it is thrown aside
given in a trough unless absolutely nec- in favor of the hen.
essary, but it should Ie scattered, if Tle principal difficulty encountered
of grain, so as to force each hen to fy those using the brooder for the
work diligently in order to secure her first time is over-crownding and inferior
shiare.-Exchange. roodlers. My advice is, don't buy a
Sh~lrdler just Ilecaulse it is cheap. There
Brooders and Their management. is nothing ill it but discouragement
.\t this time of thie year the brooder and loss. and s ove ill don't over-
is Ilayilg a very unimtportant part in erowd.i I will Ihave more to say aomut
ponitry raising, yet It is at this tine Overcrown-dlig aIter. .A great lnmlber
that plans for till tlext scasonl's work of bro(hlders onl thl market will do good
shoultl Ie thought out and tile mistakes work. and a great tnumler will not.
of the past season corrected. aintl tslsc'ially a lhe very cheap ones, as
lin't think that because you have it is illioossible to Ionstfrult a thorough-
been fairly succssful this year you I reliable ma:lhine under a certain fig-
will follow tie same plans next season, ore al: d whelt yotii go below that some
If you do you are making the greatest in lllant feature has got to lie nleg-
mistake. l'-tted to the dletrnlent of thie brooder
look back and call to mind every aild loss to tihe oliratorl.0. ('. I.iegel
move made. If any were wrong, try to .n lAerican Plltry .ouratl.
locate wherein they were so and set a
about rectifyint the mistake. The Oommon Sense About Belgian Hares.
hIeat of one Ibrowler may not have been In reply to several inquiries directed
kept up late enough through the spring to init in response to what I wrote sev-
and the chicks lecalme chilled during: eral weeks ago about Belgian hares. I
the cnld nights. Make a note of it and 1,anve to say that they are no fake, It
see that things are bettered along this st-iisibly handled. There is a sort or
line 'next time. The death rate may i-.raze n',wv oill thle iintds oif many and
have been too high. Search out the ,l|1 Iital iply big iritces for stock and
cause and find a remedy for it. tllli nev'i su'c'-eth: just as is done in
These things must all be thought out - 'ry lill of Iusiies-l. lii tily opinion
if we' expect to advance, and 1 do not 0I:,1'- i' I0 Ii,rl, ttlider Iand tooithlsomie
Iblieve there is a lioultryman or wom- Ilimeat than:lll I wll-fatttlled Belgian
an living but may look hack over the it !hre. I hald lay Iirst taste at a (Grange
past year and say: "What a number dinnller in Indiana several years ago,
of mistakes I have made." ai nd after talking with the man who
k AGRICULTURIST. S
ARE YOU MAKING MONEY?
Sr-Ojt ofyou rpoultryowe Ifnt thereishomthf w MT be dd't
a.=ltpo.ltry -otlfe rhlt -nd th-. k.l them nhL T 11, all bW th -
S~~E sl'~t ol.-sk. I R eolov.,eodd. hook M.
t l s on, an ..ta Poo Millm bs.erm ndb erCiL.. B. |8 ig.M.
raised tih hares I concluded to geta IENS TEETH ORUND os.
stairel. 'I'li expense was little and the TER SHELLS.
progeny has paid its way ever since,
and given uIs many nice meals. Last To properly digest its food the fowl
year. with four breeding does we rais- must have grit. What teeth are to the
te more than I(M during the summer, human being grit is to the fowl. We
an1i might Ihave had more than twice can now flrnish ground oyster shells,
that Iiany Iby white fall. by breeding the from freshly opened oysters, from
yonig Idoes. lut we did nlot .are to which all the dust and dirt has been
keel, so many. This year we have screened, to supply this grit which IF
reared Ioo ini n11y Leghorn chickens-- lacking in nearly ,ill parts of Florida
alloulr 44111- to have ntiuch ttile for the (;oIo very inferior to ours and full
hares. tl have not ralised ianyr. of d(ist have bheln selling for $1.00 to
Those a a little ti to spre 1.25 per sack of lM) pounds. We now
oltn"e, or twice a dlay cal easily find a oer it at
Sto kep a few. nbag, 5c. f. o. I. Jacksonville.
plentyy of tinlle aid opportunity to growl E. 0. PAINTER & Co.. Jacksonville.
food they will usually pay very wellAINTER & Co.. Jacksoville.
on a larger scale. There are books on a.
tile subject of hare breeding. which it Manufacturers of High Grade Fer.
wvoltid lie well to get. lit a small tilizers and dealers in all kinds of Per-
start and a little experience will soon :ilizing Materials.
show- any sensible person. either mat.
wolmanl or, child. how to care for them. F R SA
There is no danger of these animals F R
overrunning the country as some have
reared. for they may easily be kept AT A
ilonlw: and. strange to say, they seem C ar- i
to reflle to stay in wild haunts, but Sp c l B r
return t t the farm buildings when O A TRM .
tilrl'lil out il the woods, as I have ON EASY TERImS.
known to he done. I have known big Several fine bearing orange and
liares to chase ca;ts to cover. They grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
t;pit by kicking. and tight hard. too. fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
T''le dogs will kill many of them and fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
cats catch tihe young ones. It will vestment this year.
never ibe here as it is in Australia with ye -/
tllt' wilr Eliglish hare. That is a dif- 9Lyle & CO...Bartow, Fla.
ferent aniinal. anti will not cross-breed
with tle Belgian hares. so I atit told.
lit r'ply to soni specific questions 1 TOBAC O DU T.
wa:y s:iy:- Tin, price for a- pair that TOBACCO DUST.
il l'iraiet^.ai^l rpoae n should not f B DUST.
Will serve pr ctical tll r as I ld not If your fowls are troubled with lice
i,'f 4tr !,ut those wvithi aill tilte stand-
:,l oiti is :I o pIositionl anld size of or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 1";)
clarls. ',lori of hair stand allch fatnc pounds of tobacco dust and Is -inkle
Iar'ks ofte, go for $1 to .$100 and it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
nii.,r calchl. Soelil good oles sone- anteed to be unleashed. F ud 2 cent
titles sell fro, $1 $i anh. The l air worth tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Co..
:lout .lI c,-'is to e)at when nearly Jacksonville, Fla.
girowni. Tlie ga.itte dealers tiuy them at
a fair price in city markets. but we
have never seant any. choosing to eat | I
the surlluis at home. I lielieve there PAGE
will le a; fair demand for them. but i t
not above prices for good poultry. hen a Tree Fall
There is danger of too much inbreeding When a Tree Fal
and it is necessary to keep up the acro 8 a wire fence, when a bull or a runaway
and t is necerun Into It, bow much benefit I a quar
stock bIy getting outside blood fre- inch crosi wire? Isn't it a damage? Think of it.
luently, or keeping different strains at P ile "" E"1 w KI KniE :o.. A lIANl. al*g.
honte. One buck is sufficient for 10
does. Four or five litters of about six
each are enough for any doe. however AGENTS W ANTED.
strong and healthy. in one year. Each
ido should be kept by herself in a pe We would like to secure an
alout six feet square and with a board
floor. Site needs sone litter to make a agent in every town and ham-
lnest. or tle( vo'yung will die. If she Is
kept on ill,. ground she will dig a deep let in Florida. Write at once.
liole :lnd there rear her young. Some
young. a E. O.PAINTER&
like tills lan. bulint I ,to not. so far as E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
experience goes.- II. E. Van Deman in Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
Iut-al New Yorker. Jacksonville, Fla.
TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady, cured of her deafness and
noises In the head by Dr. Nicholson's Orapefruit,Tangerine,
Artificial Ear Drums, gave $10,000 to his
Institute. so that deaf people unable to Satsuma, Tardiffand
procure the Ear Drums may have them
free. Address 12ic. The Nicholson In- Enterprise Seedless.
-l'tute. 7n aIlhtth Avenue New York
i The best commercial citrus fruits.
Silli'ius ('Cloths don't ni;akc tihe Three kinds on each stock. Well cared
111In. for past five years. Will soon fruit
-'y nic.us No: but a Ilnan usually if protected. 50 or more of such trees
owes a lot to ills tailor. for sale. At home place on South
Boulevard. DeLand, Fla.
seO,eomeo 41a W. H. HASKELL.
Better Sure 9 TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
S than Sorr Por polishing, cleaning
Buyrtheseda thath4ere.ry or washing oranges
brten ore than yers Mnvebe lure and lemons, without
ber have been norr they dl not get dd ijnury and at slight ex-
-rr" S WRIoGT BROS.
So waseerty h bought the. Riverside, Cal.
Our thre guamranteei I'hillips & Fuller Co., Tampa, agents
ak^~s o frs.. f for FIlorida..
UJ J.J.H.srmgery&Sea *
M "rblM a COCAlUWHIKY
OaN re fnum H
ann.a e .I ofsinuiMOLEM.ibi.Atnesa
H' "or si Mltno ronrp L Addraln
Can't yon win one of our premiums? a. M. WOOLiV, JY. P.. D.Atlanso.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
"Your last 4day'? Dear. dear. nmust
you go today. :lrveyar s:1l Mlrs. See
ley looking a-ioss I!1 Iire:lakfast table;
at her son. witl aff 'reionate conIern'
And her daughters Kitty and lMar-
gery echoed 1ier words.
"Couldn't yoII; have sol off for anloth-
er week?" asked the father. hrenaking a
hot roll carefully. "Now lthat you're
partner, I thought--"
"Now that I'm p1arner1'. it's hard
work getting off." responded llarvey
Seely. "It was all 1 could ly- ''
lie paused suddenly.
"What was :I11 yll could do?-" ill-
"Well," said Harvey., .Iy'inlg down
his knife :ind fork wilI :ia H':illlinl
smile. "heIre gC.s: l her-l5's _I(e 1ne\vs 1\'I v
been lsving lup for you fill til' lIst,
from a natir*il modesty. It was tll 1
could d to o get thlinlgs a:l'rlged so thll:t
I could go on mIy -wedding trip n month
hence. I am going to l Il carried."
Kitty's spoon fell into her saucer
with a clatter anld Ir. Seely dropped
his roll hastily.
"Married!" said Mar'ery brena tlless-
'Mrs. Seely lone relnlaillned aIlll.
She rolled nlp lher napkin. pll it inl
its ring and looked at lier son through
her gold-bowed glasses composedly.
She felt. however, ilalt this vwas .111
When Harvey-their only son -lad,
with commendanle independence. left
his pleasant home "to get :a st:rt" inl
the neighboring city they had :al ex-
pected great tilils of thimll.
He would ble rapidly si rl-essful: 1i,
would distinguish hitiimslf iin lli' iro-
fession lie had chosIen and aniass a for-
tune; and hlie would woo an414 ivin
some sweet girl. with a long row of
ancestors-the Seelys. leing them-
selves a good loll family, woer great
respectors of 1bne blood a liost lof
neromplishlnents andl :1a htvy dowry.
Their holies liad svemnied likely to lib
fulfilled. lai:vey lld lprved himself
possessed of rei'liark:ble business <1al
cities: lie ha:d risen uiikly. n11d ha:d 1 -
cently exceeded41,1 tl hir wildest :fnif i-
tions 1bv ewing made ai junior :i'liiner
of his firm.
All that now ren:lined to lie desire
was his saf'e IonIllest of ohw lr:'iil'4fil4
and aristocratic voi'1rs ller'-'oll of itr'--
dreams. witl her mlnny tal:nts and
It is not to Ibe w1olll1dered at. I!w<'!,
fore. tliat tli' 'rls were trieii'bling wilhl
eagerness: that AMr. Se1ely fullilled
with lis watch i-hamii il nervous :11-
ense and tln1t MiIr. Seoly opened li :O
1lils twice Iel'f re s-o flllul sd'irilrt '
to propound the aill important qplu-
"Who is she?"'
"She is a Miss I)orn l'<,rdIn1 :il prl'P '
ent." said Hnarvey smilingly..
"Berdan?" Mr'is. S'e'v\ rlleanted. and
raised her browns im11 iiringly. "I don't
think I lav-1 Iearl of tlie fl illy."
"Berdan'l M's. S.ly v rlelentel.
Thiev are inii<'t tciulet."-
"Not at all likely." HInrvey ri'jolincl
musingly. "No: I 1h:ive not lieard of
tllem. VWherro o illmy live?"
'In WVeyinan streel." responl
Mrs. Secly f.rll h :i'k ill her -liair-
with a little nisilS : l],(er hi.s1a:in<1 -urnei
a dismIayed far:, billion lis soil; nllll
Kitty :and1 MIarwry alive little stclreninll
''Weynl4llun stri' et" It was iiiles froln
tie- r'l'ion of i 'istorli-l:'V: it wII
peopIlel witli working girls, and scanim
stresses and siill slhopkeepers: and
mIiio fo', til i- So
Ilii faitler. no;ii l-ndi. l-v.
"Certainly: Weyinan street." Ilarvey
"But slit s s ii slie -annot lie of
!ood flimlilv livill, ill W 'vii]in sai: Mrs. Seelv :11inosly.
"T l,) fanlll h- is- ii: 't .- .<,'.'1 t 4 i-.' "" 1' .
Isou r's1o iled o i'i tlv. i i"'--: .. .'' er
is 3 wid'vw. Sii" s-Aws for a lace-gool-d
liho1nie nlld To(,,-:i :,. IHOPIn assistant
Ioo4lkk4lee'rl ill -11r- lsta:Illishnment: tlat
is lionw I llt lier.
A rs. S'elv r:inil'l.
"A i lok' -' I I si' imlstrot'5!" shei
hia lnt] l. "< i l .'4v v'\. you oll notl l
hlave done wAvr,'o".
"A penniless girl!" said his fahter,
sol, nly. "Anld after all we have hop-
ied for you: No. it could not be worse."
.."A common working-girl!" said Kitty
in An hlokiin voice. "And everybody
will know it: (I). Harvey it couldn't
'Ie young mi11an11 looked from one to
another in astonished, hurt and half-
Ma:lrgtIy tulllr to him. with a gen-
ite sympathy mingling with tile dis-
nay in lher face.
"I',erllips." sle said. lopefully-"lper-
1ills tlhirc is solletlhing to make up?
'erlI:l p s'11' i, :I wNonderfull liea uty. or
I grl'eai renills. or sometiltng?"
Il:i'rv. y :llir,' 1 '1' :1 g.l':l1efl l smile.
"I tl ilk h1er' In 'ity' of l4tii's i." le
;:lil. "t111 I supllipose th1a's because
I'lii fo,1d .f lier. I don't think slie
A lvo ld l .;illhd .ano-a a icw 11 And qia, for
'enlils slih's ve'ry clevr will ac-
coullllts: bt s ]i' doesn't sing. or paint.
oI'r alvtIlii! oIf lhat sort. She's never
;liad the tiile or money for such things.
'Rut Mnrgery hlnd turned away with
:itn ilnliatient gesture.
"Thero is rolling, then," she said.
despairingly. "No: it couldn't lie
11:ar'vey rose' from his; seat with an
iIh-'"V whhiCh set the lIKll in the cas-tor
"'Th'll is a:bsll'd!" le said indignant-
vl. "It is more than absurd: It is ln-
just anld narrow-mninded. Hlow sensible
presumabllly sensible people." Ilarvey
corrected. rather bitterly, "can say. in
regard to :i plllrsonl they have never
seen1. 1:1i 'it oulhd not lie worse.' is
lil stliy i* i v l'iprliielnsiou."
"W will lnot talk of it." said Mrs.
S4l. Iiholding nl1 a restraining hand.
"Discussioill will nol lend matters.
An l yoll :' I lie married next
"< i thle nilil'i." Harvey rejoined.
'orf coi'r ll von will all le there?" he
:li|del. ralhl"r dlubiously.
"It\ no lilillns!" said his father.
"Y1"111 ,l h:r x l.1on lr V x it." saidl
Mrs. Seel. reproal.hflllv.
"'Vi\ry will: 'if Mollaimnned won't
*come You've heard the olbservatlon.
W e hi:ll jeay yvii a1 visit illinleliately
on our iri11rn fromn o1ur weddin1
four w'itl ooir kind i ,*rinissiou. You
h\Vllell he left life IlolUse. n hour
Jailer. lie hi:d i 'l lll t ired permission.
His motlh4 r anil (lle, girls had even
!-i eil liii ooil-'iv : in an inii 'ed tai l fld
ri-.or in. lifiil \w:IyA: :inil his f:lt1h r 1had
11i1kt l 14s. cohl ,i.llv.
Yi i .1 r1-S still Irang witl that
od' on- ;I 'rtio't "It <.oild not lie
wor'm." n1 il, \lieas thoul|lgtfnl all lew
\\vay b:'I k i to li, <-ity.
Thei Seel'v-I'u s 114'l.q ill a1 sl:llae' of sell)-
:1f sfill] ille ,I hi11 el'4 'l'ive a1 telegra:41 n
!!):'II t :1`1.11ol tos the eiiei' I4'v l:~lql. hel
NN-1.1 'I ,'h I"on hani it 4 h. %vlt- hII.441
d-i415 :i',ii'siijl :11 ei m'.'Ifvlalnd'ss. ''I14:4
llo.v w ll 1or hI t r14t lly oii,.' u it-l'54'mmh
41[,.1 71:11,1)1 1111 liii' 1111il4. fill- wil 4111$e
It s!,t. :41I Iv lc 1 r:l~ l: lll
lt'1 I %ituil hi :Is I-r'- l:ls'i4'l hl:1ldso ibu
NN;I I vi I'u'til i 1 t' 1 f11u'-V alie N .44)4
..l'l.i' i IIi I !1- 41 )ll s l .I...'...Si
Ill s 5 I ll V -q '" I I i.!'tr, 1 l
v.o 111.vi ti -.f:l's ill' t1411i hSeetly.
'f NEW RIVAL "
FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
N black powder shela the market core with the "NEW RIVAL" Ih uatb
formtty ad trung ationg qualities. Sure fir d waterpreol. Get the kgesmie.
lWUESTER REPEATIB AR8 CO. -. i1 Ha., CM.
MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE
From Brunswick direct to
To make cloi -'onnec-
tlonswith steame -leave
Jacksonville (Uni. de-
pot) Thursdays 10..0 m.,
(S. A. L. Ry.) or For. %n-
din 1:30 p. m., via CL -
berland steamer; (me,.l
en route) or "all rail" via
Plant System at 7:45 p. m.,
ar. Brunswick 11:40 p.m.
passengers on arrival go.
un dietly aboard iteam-
PROPOSED SAILINGS FOR FE BRUARY AND MARCH, 1901.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK. GA.. DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVER
FRIDAY 4 FOLLOWS:
S. S. COLORADO....... ..... .......... .............. ..February 15
S. S. RIO GRANDE ........................... .. .. ....February 22
S. S. COLORADO ............................................. March 1
S. S. RIO GRAND ................... .................. ..March 8
For lowest rats,. reservations and full Information apply to
A. W. PYE. Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
J. S. Raymond. Agent Brunswick, Ga.
C. H. MALLORY & CO.. General Agents. Pier 21. R. R.. New York.
li.v lift- hand and led forward amnong Ignoranlt and vulgar! What dreadful
them- things would they discover next?
What'1I It was an evening they never forgot.
Mlr. Seely gazed with startling eyes; 'l' iiiif ortlii.nu parents sat with pale
Mrs. See'ly dropllpedl the hand shle Ihadl faces and1 unsteady hands, staring into
started to lhold out. witl her face their empty plates, or looking at each
growing aslhy. and Kitty and Margery other with fresh horror at each sim-
tasped. il'ring senseless. ungrammatllical re-
For what thly saw was a woman ,l f mark of their terrible daughter-in-law.
alili:rently forty years with a face Kitty anld Margery excused them-
ipowdvered aInd pI:nted in lint- most un- selves during the second course, and
liiislinmg ilmnne'r. with thin gray hltir flew to their roonls to cry themselves
crililped over a wrinkled forehead in a to slhlep, in a:n agony of dismay and
sickrelnig afftetation of yonthfulnes in ortitiatl on.
11an with a 1 diminutive, gily-trimnel "I shan't think of setting upl." said
'Iolliet Iperch'ed thereon: wtlih 11n af- the bride, rising from the table with
"lh'lis is Imy wife." H larvey repeaated. iou. If anylsdly calls-o' course every-
"-Ilave you no welcome for lher?" I)dly'll call-just tell'em I'll see 'em
Ti'l' bride tittered. tomorrow. Come on. dear!"
"M.ellie they think I ain't good And sle tripped upstairs, with a ju-
clonghi for 'cm dear." Sthe observed venile nod over er r shoulder, and with
tartly. lher beaning young husband follow-
"n1111posibl.. imy pit." :Harvey re- ing.
solldell: iand 1 ipattd lil" falsely blooln- Irs. N'iely wrunlg her hands despair-
'11g clock aff ectionaltely. "Resides. if inglv.
4 v1 your beautiful sel-f. athe'y wouldrt not ". sail it (could not i.e worse." she
on e In a sell. Tlwy wia prot s aid. faintly. "But this! How shall we
laeIe s11114end.re itw"
paiard for tle worst." endure it?
lie looked at Iis horrified relativess I' "I shall not endure it!" said her hus-
ain land; his face had grown almost care-
he truth f s wordworn luring the last two hours. "I
ttli t f li d flh shall send them packing away to-
Yes. they had all saidl. repeatedly. Morrow. an11 if ever he enters my
tllat "it could not Iw worse." But this house again-"
wretched lielizened creature-had'they ie brought his hand down on the
rn:11d of this? a 1:lek threateningly.
I,'V hi hd the with an undis- "But. that will not help matters."
Sirveyd his wife. nis raldv. "He is rined;
tWriled smile. I's father. turning away s d s w. ralv. H ried
nt l:,i and ,tilrbing his forehead Awitlwe are d'isgraced: nld everybody will
lii- Ii:llilk.-r4hier weakly: Mrs Sel'y. kh w it." ,
:zil, :0 'w.1, d hter-in-law witt a There was a silence.
.lrr4ul' l f4-:l.ination. and the girls. "I had pictured her to myself." said
,*il'!in411 illnto, v:ir- ill distnaylld sil- Mrs. Seely. beginning to sob. "as a
Iv. **>,rf a'o i n: ew addition to il, edu'ca:ltt and at least a lady. And even
fa,;r'l- is an oblioct of interest: Imt tlhn. w1wn I did not doubt that it was
dol't forglet flint I ihave an a:netite. ""sch :a one that he had chosen, I
:1,nl -'tt-lii ima:rri'l I:has rather ien. thought myself the most unhappy per-
IIroved it. Ta';~4 off yvor Illnet. my 1so il till world. because she had not
own. Tlner Kittv wealtll and a1n ohl name. Surely it is
litt\- riI1ne forward w-itlh a ~w'. face a jllldgllent pon uIs. Oh. was there
:tia,1 tigiltl- ,.1,,,,l litio-. to re-icve tile ver' so dreadful a thing?"
.i.- <-o-<.lo<> -.ih;ivi;ton of leads and 4 "Probihaly not." said her husband,
ilk flow 1- h,,li ollt to II_. with a dis- grimly.
1"n't'" :ir of -lirilhtif:nes She wva It wavs a solemnln-group which wait-
*irfi',4l t4.. t I..,."rslf to e*:i,'k. 'ed in the dining-room the next morn-
s...- r ".- -...v, s,':.- *t '.,:,'t. haid ing for tle appearance of the newly
.,..,1.. ',.. t.-. o t io b 1. 1o :ln'l "*- nn it. Weddedl l couple.
,,,1 ,. ..r .......,, ,,i 'reseiIv. There were marks of a tossing night
'r....... ,' .. -,1'- .'.,rv"d Ion every face-inl troubledl brows. swol-
........... ..... I t, ....,', '., n rl- len lils and Ipale chleeks-and a gen-
S...,,. ".,;' n,,' l I -*.l.mire so! eral gloom prevailed.
I.-., t,.it o.. 4 f-.thlr-in-law. Mr. Seely stood in front of the fire.
r-.: .: ... :. ,in, 'i' watching tile hall-door with a
.v ",,l,'lv. '11" I1:r" n 4:d the St
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. -,7
that it should not I t d.tlgraced by his llllsan inr.v gri in minute
son air uth or A WAEY STUMP PUcI.LE~RarW F"s2ii "2-0
"Please get them awaIly before ailXInN
body comes, papa!" said Kitty. "It .M a . M kes a Ole Sweep of TWO Acres at a Sai a.
would be dreadful if anybody were to A man, aboy and ahorsecan operate it. No heavy chains or rods to handle. You cannot longer afford
see her to pay taxes on unproductive timber land. Illustrated catalogue FREE, giving prices, terms and testi-
"D.adful!" rgery e wth \ monials, also full information concerning our I. X. L. Rubber, Iron Giant Grub and Stump
Dreadful!" Margery echoed, with a chine. ho awkye and other appliances for
groan. -clearing timber land.
here were footsteps on the stairs. 2 ADDRESS MILNE BROS. FOR
Mrs. Seely turned with a shiver, and SI' MIUIN MFG CO.. 8th ST. MONOUTn.ILL. SHETLANDPONY CTAr UE.
the girls caught their breath.
The hall-door opened. --
The waiting group looked up slowly. a;liilale. 'riis is prtiuilirlvy ippli-
Wouldl llhe not lie still more terrible :i,l1, to Iillnl He:I1-.11 sil.nce Ililalo is
in the broad daylight--that artificial situated in t ile midst lo t he section of
simpering horror? uilnitry from which most of our visi- 4
But it was not tihe sight they were tois (comne. ailnd this being tile i.ase. e\v- o
prepare to see which tile open door lcry Tffort slhoitulil eit. nIlilt to hav'e a S.eld vyo, nust have to ,l.iake gartl-rdn. :0. t he A4iKRic., TrsiT yIou sh.u d have to be a
disclosed: it was not a painted. pow- ie representallltionl, ll111d suitille aidlver- suctsslnil gardner. N on can get them both at the price ol one. Send us one new subscriber
dered semblanlce of a woman who tisillg matter sloulld ille prellpared. with an"d 2 i"'ad will:'sell yonl tlhe itllowitig list olchoic. (;ardlen Seed from the catalogue ol
came slowly, with a;i timid smile and illustrations showing views of iite
downcast eyes. he1natiful places liereiibot. so tlit GRIFFINO BR THE RS.
She was a slender sweet-fra.ed young friends could JIe rein iidedi ofi tithe g oodp
lady, with shining brown hair crown- iines spent here ind stralnge.rs -oil lienans, Extra Early it.d Valen- Egg Plant, Uritings Improved
ing a charming Ienad. pe.-.hy eheeks. lir.oine infor.lled .il-onlering ti, sitnn $il"." ......... ........ .10 Thornless.. .. ........ ..1
in which the color enlllme aiinl went. and lion. its l>,.;inti.is lllnl all\v-nlt.iglest. New Stningless Green Lettuce, Big Boston........... .5
soft. dark eyes. whlicll studied the car- rI. PIi-ier. onuissii ly t Pod................. .10 nlios, ed Bermuda ......... .10
pet in pretty tin.ldity: with dainty. i ov\inor to reliresenit tlil sli ;it at Iwatrf ternin ilak Griffing's White Wax.. .. .10
slippered feet. and : lace-trimmed tHuliinlo, w;is i In tlu i ii reI.'einl. v. I i. \\'aIx.... ...... .... .. '1 i Peas Alaska.. ........ .... .10
wrapper. fitting snugly to a perfect sa;ivs: -"rii' work in iihe slate will ril1- Ir'tees Large IBiisi i Champion of England....10
form. .i,.,n to l il exhliili :11 illn il, is e ............. ...... 10 l 'Pe irs. Long Cayenne........ .5
"Good lilorning." site said iiiently. ,.,,dingly eli-oniuraging. lBeginnii Ing tl.. l'xIra [lirly Eclipse ...... .. .. "s Ruby King .... ..... .5
Harvey had followed her closely. t itli .li-.ksonille ;iil cmiining down lierial Itlood Red Tur- Itadishes, Wonderful .......... .
"Well, Dora." he said, looking from tllu- Enisl (ist is r ais We\st Pillin ni........ .. .... ring's Early Scar-
one to another of his speechless rela- i :1 grat l O intrst is, (:llge. Select Iily jerseyy let................ .
ties. quizzically. "they don't seeii i in, inlg lilll'felstell in tilt' xillit. T'lire i< Waketield .. .......... Early Scarlet Erfurt.... .5
lined to sleak to yeou." no question buIt lioitt there n .il- lu Ire- Eirly Suinniner. .......... ., Tomnatoes, Beauty............ .5
But Mamrgery lhad ( tilte toward her liiredl onll of tlie tl st e.xsliilits Ui irilitiig's Sinccssiol .. .., .Money Maker.. ...... .. 5
hastily. aund seized both of her hands. state talls \'evr sent ,out1. (Caulillower. Extra Early Paris .. 1) TIurnils., (iriffing's Golden Ball.... .5
"Wia it you all the time?" cried "Tller-i slhouiil lit ;i gen'lerell feelill Celery, Goldlen Self Blanclhing.. ...10 P'oieranian White .Globe
Margery. joyfully. "Andl the gray hair of i*o-olrniation i iln itis imlorltant work. Cucilnloers, Inilr'oved W'lite Spine. .5 ....................
was false. and the wrinkles were put sin-11,1 Huill;io, is most ailvantangeoulIsly Log Grelen Turkish.. .. .5 Itita litagas. Itloosinidale Swede.... .5
on. and all that dreadful powder? Oh. sitluited flor judiciou s advertisingn. .1;.1 Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.
Harvey. how could y-ou?" will tlorid a spilendidl pipiruniily for
"I begged him not to," said the -re.itilig i private iniarkk't for -lhoice'
pretty bride. riii.,ing her dark eyes fruits lnldt aIlso foillr ailingg attention to
sweetly. "I told Mliin it was cruel: and our beni:utiful resorts thllt alive I'ieen :| -
suchl atimne as I hand. saying all those tilled to overflowing this year."
shocking things ihe h:ld taught me. and .Mr. I'ffifer further sails: "It is in.1
keeping my wig straight. and trying nilncir'l II
us?" .11 itlliing ilnake up a f line exhillit for
"Forgive yon! oil. my dear!" criet tlhe tlis.lav at Itiuffillo." Ike oVrtl ail orders
Mrs. Seely. incoherently. News. ,
And she hurried forward with a so i *
of joy, and embraced her daughter-in- A Hard Proposition. '. e'
law w ldly. \A Iiech of .stullpllly Ill is :Iillt 11t he t
"It was rather tough." said Harvey. hardest prollositioll tlllhat i fall'lltler vll .'
gaily. "I felt like a villain when I saw run lginiit. It is trying on t illinan
the waily yoll all tiook it. But you know :ind n .ii tItn' temill whili tries to work it.,
what you said. everyone of you--that lln it is unle t'lhain that. it s extreny Pom Filled
it wouldn'tt be worse.' I thought I'd exllinsive for ;I stunmll takes Prom Filled
demonstrate to you that it could. Dora whole lot f grounl' whilich yitels ino
is nineteen instead of forty: sine v-an returnn tio f111 fi rInler '. Io inot \vaste
speak correctly when she makes an ef- ,,onr ;lndl: get tlhl stunililis out. With -
fort; and I can heartily recommend trnil, niloderill iliaplili i.s saI issuh as aire
her for a 'willing ami obliging' good i,anlfatllf ur-tllrdl l t ilil ilne Mlllf:.- 6 XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
tempered and thoroughly enpable girl turilli ing'. .. itof .1n iitotli. Il.. it is n.I
-the sweetest in the world." easy mutter to ,ih:ir ia Iiec,. of stutiiiy Given as a Premium for One New Subscriber.
Mr. Seely left the fire-phlce and c-imne glrounllld. Their lawkeys Stumll PIull-
and clasped his dauttghter-in-law in liin el. or their 1x -llil w:11 do ii
arms. with a beaming face. and Kitty work to Ip'erfec(tion aiid witli grl' east e s.4ije
]Best Machines Make Best Profits. Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
editoarial ly rh:ltural jPurnal *"*y^ a Puller we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
kied very difficult for most of us are irt-class XXX plate Address,
tot wrealizesa dreadful esso." disaid rntages
our great-grandfathers wrestled a liv- riL D FLO iIA AGRICULTUIiST,
eely. oking the soil. Of courserfl smile:
"but I am afraiil we needed it. nmy
t things have contribute to tis pro-Sen a Agriculturistlle Fla.
edtoal l riy: ulture o-rJ Jers. we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
"It is very difficult for most of us spoons are tirst-class XXX plate, Address,
to realize under what (lisadlvaintniges
our great-granlfathers wrenttlel a lh' FLORIDA AGRICULTUISIT
ing from the soll. Of c('otrse. muaty
things Iave contributed to this prro- Jacksonvilie,FIa.
gress, but no one factor has played -
anything like the important part nor ,and rapidity. Tl'e icl' omipainying il-
contributed so mubch to better methods listrationi slihows- their patent wire rope I\ATES 'l N I'I.ANT' SYST'lIM 1III.- THEiK SUIERIOR FENCE MACHINE
as improved machinery. The progres- couplellr l1 wh-ic thle liin whi-i goes AG1E TI'lETS IN I-l' >1.1 )A Il:- I
sive farmer, the man who nmakes inon- :ai.1t1ll tl,' stlnllii is fastelled to tile 11'" i>. l. is made of steel
ey, who gets ahead in tlie w-orld-Is wire rolpe. liy Inains of viwhtli yu n P]llint System rieli ced pri-ice of mile- and nickle-plated.
the man who takes advantage off every f:lsten iit olc.' tto ;lyIi stillilli oI tree 1g i e lickeis gi1ood1h i Florid'li on lll h 25tli It's strong and
opportunity for saving thne and labor. sliiiding lnyvwhere :i'l.. tihe line of instnit to ... iMilege iiikels nv. durable. You can
"We have always been advocates of tlle rope without w.iitinig ll wind 11up tiherefire. inow I iiili1.-li:ised of 11,' huil alny kind of farm fence with it
improved farm implements. They until lthe enid ol tle' rolie is IllouIght Il:iil S ys lm agentss. id inl stas of to fit the ground. You can build 40 to
mean better crolps and bigger profits toll thstiump or tree you wish lo pull. Fllorilda. .\i ai;in:l. (lorlgi;i. South ll rods a day, at less than half the
for the farmer; but. of course. we nust If you hi:nve :1 piie'l of sllulily ground. ('.iro'll:l :llld lo\ver' Il .\ll:tlic. a',iist cost of ainy ready-made fence. Cata-
use discrimination in purchasing them. it will pay viyou ti s.nll fir iie 11 lile I.inei. I. -'. & 1'.. :ind i'tninslvan iiaii logie free. Price $4.75, charges pro-
It does not pay to buy a poor machine cntaloglui. It is full of iliflr.llition tiin Ii ilrlo:ld. ,ltilween illn iiil.i :ilnl i\VW:sl- itid. Superior Fence Machine Co.,
at any price." the subject of i-le:ning hlnd. liintion iligllo. t il $.. 18- Grandd River Ave., Detroit, Mich.
Yes! That is just their point. A poor this lipapeiir in writinll. ciii4-:1i :iinIl 4-11.nit.tiit iiPtl ll1lhd f Gtood agents wanted.
machine makes ipor prolits. Thl I est traveling. Thi iniltlr-iic:ilillh frn-
machine makes the best profits. Buy iSy u'" lures iof IP'lint Svstem iiiilei iuooks
the MeCormick binder. The best "What is it. IFrelddly? till a long-felt of oran gt
working. lightest draft hinder in tlhe "Are those cold-storage eggs or lilens' 1 ileng'e ooks in 1 ds of ps- 40 Acres for $40 ora
world. eggs?" ('lichi(igo ILecord. sellers. colll;lncts o4 whlh ii do niot :ld- aand pine-
* nit of their uset iln Floriil:l. w\\ill bIe ape and vegetable land. Write now
Pan-American Exposition. The Doctor-Didn't I say hl'e wIas to honorli'ed by t lconduct-lor.s in IFloriil: re- for terms. CLARK D. KNAPP,
There has been reserved for the Flor- avoid excitement? ;gardless of sluh lrestrictioll. Uli4ipon ipre'- Avon Park, Fla.
Ida exhibit at the above-named expo- The Platient's Wife-Yes. that's .selntation. i. W'. Wrinin.
sition a beautiful section of space that what got hiin excited."-Brooklyn Pass. Traf. 311gr. Plant System.
should be filled with the best exhibits Life. Savannah, Ga. Old books bound at this olice.
i~8 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITH THE JOKER.
The Blond-"Il wish I could play the In every town
pinno. awfully!" and villa
The Brunette--"You do!" Answers. d village
-may be had
The Editor- This story of yours is y be the
The Author- We can easily remedy
that.. Just publish it. and then it'll lie
read. M ic
Tommy--Pop. what is the nobility A
Tommy's Pop-1 suppose it's when a
titled foreigner finds it hard work to l
marry an American heiress.
Mrs. Muggins-Do you read Inmuh fic- Grease
Mrs. Buggins-No. only the messa-
ges my husband sends mie explaining de that makes your
why he won't le home to dinller. by ho es -la
S-Poor Fido. sO" horses glad.
He-What's the I:latter with Fido?
She--le bit a traimp the other day.
and now the doctors say tie little dar BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON
ing has hydrophoit. Ior use ill granlries to kill weevil. ode-
stroy r;atsandI gophers and to keep In
"Alarlll iloc'ks iare no good." ie.Is ffromn Ithe seed. et'c.
"Why do you say so?" 20 CENTS PER POUND,
"I was carrying one' undeIr Iy ari'l put iup in eln and fifteen pound can.s
when that thief stole Iliy lpoketbook.' Fift,-e.i cents extra for the cans.
-Indianapolis Journal. E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville.
"So your son is to marry. Why
doesn't he wait till lhe is older and wis- HAND CULTIVATOR
"Ah,. but in that case lie would never _i A ie - =
marry at :Ill!" Boston .Journal. Used by allcelerv- rower. an! plrw-
Ssive garl ners in Sunfor, the ( ery
center. Testlmonil., n a pijlatr:on. l, veie
"Sa3y lend Ime I 'liver'." o any part 'I Soutl F ord on receipt of I.r.
"No.*" SOld onlyv, A. E. HIL. Ilardwa.re. si.h. loor,
"'What! You've often admitted that and Builders' 8pplies, ~slnor. Fla. '
I'm the best friend you ever-"
"Exactly: and I don't want to lose Sulddelly olne of tlhe illnstrluments be-
yOU." igt to click.
Bell-D)o you remember how they I I IH stood it a mlinte or two and then
used to "spark" before their marriagee: I weint over to tilte corner whence the
Ida-Yes; and now that they are Ioisie Iproceeded.
married the neighbors s:ly they blaze "S:i." he bawled, with his mouth
out every day. close to the instrument. "ring off! Der
-- lill''t Inlli(i -' (o I te legraft fellers here
Teacher-The sentence: "My father yi" ('hi;tj' ilo 'l'rilmnt.
had money," is the past tense. Now, __
Willie, if you said "'My father liis u.to... ..e .Wiii viou sold me this.
money." ill whllt tesllsi' Willhl yell ~ I w:itl-. iell :lit iwi Io' l I hl Wi l'k iiki a
speaking? .; iii s i w
Willie-Oh. that iwoulli e pretense. .,eweler -"Yes. Well?"
S('llCustolnr "SIp|in)se you sell me the
"The idea of erecting a ionullellnt I-li.i 110 now. lMaybe that will work
over your pet dog:" exclaimed Mr. like ; watch." Philadelphia Press.
(Iraybeard; "I'll warrant you wouldn't
do as much for me." Wife "' I ordered that gown. dear."
"Indeed." reliedl his young wife. "I'd Itiusand 1'1idn't I l-lI you I could
Ie glad to." inot afford it."
Chollie-I md that rude fellow Wife "'Yes. but I thought it all over.
Ch['lollie-Il',l thlit Vlou li wnl lid i1 or'
apologize for calling me an impudent :1ih ,l V'y t t ha Iiv, got twoul be more
puupnli.0appy lilnt to have fie it. tBhan if
Freddy-Bah .love! What did lie I.iou." ll"t .iy for it. Brookly
"He said he would take hack the id- l iel tok several goal sized
jt'tive." iledd -"ile took several gooHd sized
jetie" sticks ;lnd beat his wife."
(ri'aeel "I calt't believe lie would be
( unner--Flnery and fortune ad guilty of such (cruelty."
beauty She is your opportunity. I I- d tl '('r ltlt 'here wasn't any
no)tie that you hoIl her very tight l t it. having
when skating. t gllie of golf together."--Yonkers
Geyer-Yes: exe-rience has taught St;atesmlan.
tme never to let all opportunity slip.
"Did my uncle die a natural death?" A WONDERFUL INVENTION.
inquired the manl from the East. who They cure dandruff, hair falling,
had come to look after tlie property. headache, etc.. yet costs the same as an
"Not exactly." replied tlie bilious- ordinary olin11i. Dr. White's Electric
looking mal. steadying himself as an- ('omlb. The only patented Comb in the
other fit of the ague took himl. "He world. People. everywhere it has been
died a most unnatural death, sir. fur introduced. are wild with delight. You
this locality. He died of old age." simply combl your hair each day and
thle comb does the rest. This wonder-
"Yes," Ianiouni-ed the wild-eyed man. fill cn.om is simply unbreakable and is
"I have invented a perpetual motion made so that it is absolutely impossi-
machine. whic-h is running constant Ile to lireak or .cut the hair. Sold on a
ly." written guarantee to give perfect sat-
"What Imakes it rulll" illnlired the isfaction il every respect. Send stamps
capitalist. for one.. Ladies' size. i.G0. Gents'
"There's the trollle. I can't stop size :315'. I ve Ieitl" and women want.
the fool thillg so tis to fild out." tal- ie everywhere to int produce this article.
timore Alnerican. Sells on sight. Agents are wild with
Ssluccess. (See want column of this pa-
Cnstomer--"I heard you scrolling per). Address I>. N. Rose. (en. Mgr..
your new boy aliout the disappearance Ieicatnr, 111.
of a sausage. What did he say?" *
Butcher-"He said the pitheranthro- WANTE'I Ladies and gentlemen to
pus was in the canine." introduce the "hottest" seller on
Customer-"WVhat did lie mean by earth. IlD. White's Electric Comb,
that?" pntented I )i. Agents are coining
Butcher-"He meant the minising money. ('ures all forms of scalp all-
link was in the dog."-Chicago News. inents, headaches, etc., yet costs the
same as an ordinary comb. Send 50
The office boy was alone in the tele- cents in stamps for sample. D. N.
graph room. Rose, Gen. Mngr., Decatur. Ill. lm
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
BY LAND AND SEA.
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK
BOSTON AND THE EAST.
SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Thence ria Palatial Bxpress Steamships, sailing from Savannah. Ponr ships each week
to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or Sound Lines
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedule s. Write fcr
general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
W. H. PlIE.ASANT8S Trale Mainage. WALTER HAWKINS, Gen. Agt
New Pier 35 North River. New York. 224 W. Bay St.. lacksonville. Fla.
I The Great Through Car Line from Florida.
S THE ATLANTIC 4 OA-T LINE, via Clharles oi
To The Richmond and Washington.
THiE FOUTIIERN RAILWAY, via savanalal. C.
S lumbia and Washington.
Tile Sk southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'g a
The Iouisville & Nashville via Monlg)mery.
To The Tle Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevt;l
The Mobile & Ohio R. IR via Montgomery.
Via Savannah and Ocean Steamshipl Co for Nen
To The York. Philadelphia and Roston.
i Via -avannah and Merchants & Miners Traiisporia
lion Company for Baltimore.
To KEY WEST Via Peninsulai & Occidental
HAVyNA Steamshio Company.
NOVA SCOTIA, Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
CAPE BRET & STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax. Hawkesbur.
PRINCE EDWARDS and Charlottestown.
Winter Tourist Tickets
Will be on sale throughout the NORTHERN. EASTERN, WESTERN AND
SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st. with liberal atop-
over privileges in Florida.
ADDRESS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
1- ,w information as to rates, sleeping-car services. reservatons. etc., write to
F. M. JOLLY. Division Passenger Agent.
'4: West Bay Street. Aster llock, Jacksoaville, Florida.
W. B. D)NHAM. B. W. WRENN,
Gen. Sept. Pas. Traffic Mng'r.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 15
LoBIDIA ANT COAST R
President Mitchell of the Tampa Bay FLORIDA EAST COAST RY.
Association, has appointed a committee
of five members to suggest measures- . -
for the relief of the state supreme Time bl o .
court. Time Table No. 80. In Effeot Jan. 28, 1901.
CIongressman Davis. on behalf of O8u 'a BOusc (Read Downa (Read ult lli BOUeN.
tie grand jury of the United States 1o.S No. NNo.No.Io1 No. NIo.l No.20 No. 5 No. o, o.t No. No. No44 o.
the other day tile petition for a public l" ex I-
liilding in Ocala. 70 ep 400o a0p 2a0p s 7TMa 12a1 90LT ...... Jacn ........ 7p 7 p 9 ID ilo s ploWe a 10
A new post-office has Ileen establish. 7 500p 00p sp 9 _e ls ..... t. Arn ....... a 80p 7a lu IS'! l Cl l 1a
This office is located four and one-half Makes localtR nOr-101 g 11r4D" s Palaa 8521 5 1 Slop 9 4 0. 9l
west of Watertown. .2.A. C.r o a t .......L...... (raa ... l. Orac. '9p.. 1.. ( al p)
Again comes the cheering report usation %1 : 8 1 :: 2lip... :B vestep p ViU
deferred hav madie the heart sick. It ii1- ........ I: p . ....... elbo ......... p 1lp 2p ticket.
would hl ng nicte windfall to the state Parlor, am B i................. ....... .. .............. No. 2, A. C (asay).
of over $iaiC.<100. this txslalnst proftl ..... ..t -5* gt .."I4**. Bebt 3 i. . .Fast Train. eOl oaly
war clai wil p". ....... Palo .......... ..a "l-- P10 i . ..l. stations e forw
Gel. lliH0l.k. of Ocala. though 7:1 a adtuc t*orarp *a-eoge ip "p 'iaospi"0 101a. ho. wn.^
years of agte. is still a good shot, and et .. ......... ........... .. 'aror I" .r
a few days ago shot and killed a deer S a lt " ..... taon .......... 9 1 ..02. o. l.a .a l
itN Maorion county at a distance of 142) Oopodo( P O. By. 5 'Hom .........n 9a oed o 0 By.
iaront t'iitll tde r Iast rllie ll of PS t d@ nioted (SaUl)rl lt ............................ ..61 " ........Wt Jull -.......... ..... 0(a Ll.ltd ( ---: -
P. mC.rri y ............ ...... ....... ooia ......... .0 Cotrain mst prot'a. C s
yards while eee .deer was running fst. r t Sle pe~ra _stu e Bu .. :;...West taplle:......" 8 :1 0 lvestiBt a
Fifty-five yiee rs ago he killed a fine r*r']tehahadfor .. .). o.. w alr .... Pim Bi... ... 83ia 1020. 1 OSp ersat Mamis sradP
deer where thle t hcrt house in Ocala Stone s 61etatio i~s o 61 S E 2 ST he'roY rs a 10 1Op i n ap ont lya _butar .e
is lonc td. It was then a dense for- *. r1 New Tor sat lut s ai ,l 52 gp 98. ..... 0... W.s tPa.l.Ar 8. O 9 1 a 1"24 IDp "" "S I .s. .II -
str ML W Tl.Y. a 1 s m ..... It.pLv 75. ....... p St........A n 2 1 4 at
o ls ....... RO I .........tct.... ...
Never le fore since Florida beu .the i s Nta P ork o uusi a .... 11 .450& Tm.. .. ...... No2 via so tL 2 (eyn.o
a popular winter resort has there been o '. o u...... ....... ...... .emon Ctty........ 5 .i .......... 8 FStp C ars
a rush ofs ar .....seV pose.......d exoluilstat ionss ownandaof ls
such a rush of travel through .ack- ow. 7. New Yok ad Foria Sp- 7 4 ~ 7pl lp l op Ar...... Mriai6............ 50. 801 1004 830p lo. NSew. t aFl onrs
son:ville as at the present time. Fifty- l. a.li. .I..t N .a.y8. .l (Daio ....t r.V-sl.1
one trains arrive and depart each day via atlantic Ooat Line. via Atlatl e
north and west, and Florida is enjoy- Oomposed exclusively of Composed exolarlvely .1
inig the hest tlhrougl train service ever Pullman Cars. TymlU do mot stop wherl tim is not *hewn. Pnllmnn Oars.
itfwdasagoshoandkrNo. It. P a and Mal.. ... Not. 0. Pula siea ia
Thons Kersey and Harry Weir. do- New York tot. Augustine St. A t at Ar Z
via Seaboardn Air Line. Limted (Bell ) *:,:.. ...... 9 imitedA(WI
ing business at the Land Pebble Phos- posed exclusively of Pullmanu po.e ezol ely of Pull_
yarrd wir illie- tdr snn a MumoSp 01r .... ......"Hobe ......... 9 2a .... ... estibuo Buffe Sl ep rs Sli
phate ompan, veopany, have brought suit Care. Day-ouh oppreted on ias Tl-o ao
b daa n th train on which no extrWa tham t n o 8I M
for big damages because plaintiff InOafare is uty charged, a os 9 i s Hot al e. 8 2 l I tp 5orPullma e
sists the phosphate folks imported ne- . Cao FlodL- ai t.t Mo Wp y). (Dle 8 pt S92 day)8. o. N T r ld 1
groes who were afflicted with small- l tly) to tt..Aug tine St. AutLutine to O i
pox into the settlement where Kersey 6 Ri0avilte ..s..and .aCto.tnfl.9 Oh.attanoog. via At lant. Ohattanoo
& Weir were doilg business and ruin- Memt v omer. mposd ilw exi- er adm el ola cman and P
ing the same. There is a big array l lyof Pullman ly 1 r llm
of legal talent contesting and defend. 3raion o whwh no extra m tran ea which S
ing the suit.-Ocala Star. Pnullman tfare is chared,. Pllm" Iste m
A burglary was omllitted recently 0 . PALA t rKA B9AN1IH.
at the store of Brook hill in Maitland. [o.1 IToyo Iw All trains Dily.
The burglars entered through a rear It ..... ............. Tt e ..................... Lemon 1o. .No. o.471 Ino. .o
window. r They broke open u the mone.v 7 ........... Is ........ .... i. ........ 1 ........ ...... "1 11 DvP't'k& 10 1
odrawer and found eab nt $30 in silver. ... .................. t ... 4 200pll 9iArEPlkaLT 85 1
wlich they al. arrive e and d part e also ........ . rp ......................
annexed a suit of clothes, ida e shoes ................ BRANUO, AllTrilaJ ily No.2o ato
lg the he~st through train service ever T do not stop where timeis t sh E ast P laa mAr
and a few bottles of cologne. The tak- o., o. N No5 No.1 o.g Ne. ......... ...... ............ lrI4. p
knownol ion ito o 5 tory.-Moetro olis. United t7 0ll0. 812,OdJ I 1o....L'8I
ing of tile cologne would indicate the m Daily sn PDaily MAYPORT BRANOH. ily Dly Sun .
color of the burglrs. eThe officers nhavi. lj on whih 1no N u ORANGE ITY BANO o.
certain susects.-outli Florida Re p Sllmp are 8is ch o.d. Isavi;.l 6 27 5 U 0s ............ 1ew md rn.. ............ P ma
cord. 71hp ep '.. 8St .Pabl .. le 500p 56p ...... 4 pll .... .... .... I .L ....N .......... L l p 4
S7 4 who were afli24icte with s i tlat L 4 ...... 5.. ........... Ora ty ................. "
A dispatch from Marianra says: lp 700p up 9 Ar ...Maport.....Lv 620 48p5 ...... s .......... Of ty otl :.. 0P
Judge Jolin Thomas P'orter lhas re-
turned from Montgomnery. Ala.. where These Ti'ue Tables show the times t whloh trains m be expected tearrive ad depart r the several sv tatiost but their arrival
he went as a delegate from the Citi- or departure at the times l is mot guarantee, nor does the Compny hold Ise rponiber ay dlay er any mesemMes
senls' Annexation Asmociation of West int tefr
Florida. Thcoie omiee was in Mont- PENINSULAR AND OCCIDENTAL STEAMSHIP CONNECTIONS AT MIAMI.
gomery on the 5th inst. While noth-
ing positive could be determined, it MIAMI-NASSAU LINE-S. S. MIAMI. MIAMI-HAVANA INE-3h. S. PRINCE EDWARD.
seem probably e th sumrook of $2.- aitl8AILINGdB BrOTIVE Jan 1:A
000000 would e willing ai byrear the .. AILIN....... JA. to f .101 HAVANA. I Leave Miami Sunda.ysand Wednesdys.....11
win) would le willgl paid by the Leve Mim.... Mead.. and.Thu.......l Arivei .HavanaMond..ysandThur ... 8
state of Alabama for West Florida. Arrive Na ..ays and.i ...... 8 Cba. Iave Havana MTuesdaysmd riday........ .. 12
iach an amount would put Florida in NASSAU. Leave Nasoaa Wdeday and Sady. 2P Arriv Mlami Wednesdays nd Saturday.. 6 NO
easy circumstances as to the state debt, N.P Arrive Miami ThuildayBandSundays...... aMIAMl.KKY WK.I IlNIK.- -5. 5. 'lTY OI KEY WEST.
and leave an a amount almost ufficient SAILINS FEB. 4 1 MARC l: SAILINGS B AR FOTIVB Jan. 14:
to build a new capitol.-Ex. ahama | Tive Miamti Me..k, Wds.nd Pri......... Sop KEY WEST, I Leave Miami Mona., Wed.. and r ......
I Arrive Nasau Tnu., Thurs. ad Sate. ...... 6 600. Arrive Ky West Tune., Thus. a ndtSt..... L
*The Tampa Times of recent date Ilaada. Leave Naau Tue&. Thurs. addSta ...... 300p Florida. I Leave Kj West Tes., Thus, and Sats......
says the state commissioner of agricul- irif WSun sun a n u Ari WDaily PO R ris. ad s......
ture and board of public instruction will i on same days and hours, toJauary.
have made a new lease for four years
for the labor of the convicts of the For copy oflocal time cardiaddre oany Agent.
state to a syndicate composed of phos- J. D. A HNE'. A'-t. Gen. Pass. Agent. ST. AUGUSTINE, PLA.
phate anied naval stores operators, of :pt ".
which Coachman and Buttgenbacl are C78.22; experiment station fund, $3.-
at the head, at the rate of $100 per con- S16.2; : interest of school fund, $34,-
vict per year. It is said the matter 7: 01.:3V; Agricultural College fund, $2.- .
leaked out and now lirms are rushing 418.22; principal of seminary fund.
In and protesting and some firms at $72.es27; White College Morrill fund. w t b e
Tampa are offering $125 : convict per $2.775..39; Colored College Morrill fund,
.e went ashe delegate frot time iti- n deartre at the arant or the i7.may 44.4; college incidental fund, frm15.-y delay any on
old Tallahnssee town Asif tlie lease was 7;; station incidental fund, $13:7.16
*lmade at $1)e peor mmittea. was ino bids Pwere I iollEege mess hiallH fund, $10N.:C;TIO bonT ds
sentr out. The state now g ts $21.Wil of 1873. sinking fund. $.:'ot3.2; Ionds
* year for her c icdeterminedts. itThe leasMAe Af 171 sinking fuAVAnd, $3.71; total, PKI.~ EDWlAoR
seems a yearble tn. At the supllposed .- 3,667.44. S g Fm B JW ATC ES
new lease it will pay the state $70.
trala Star. lpalatka cooyperagi Co.. at their stave
The report of J. Al. Whitlield, itoe firatory at Buffalo Bluff. was burned .
treasurer. shows alsances to the up together with the Ibilding and the...... IA K' -.
credit of te n several state iand educ-nt- contentss recently. Brantley, it is 1 S J m 1R
tonal funds at the close of business thought, fell asleep and the bed cloth- T .
on January 31, 1181l. as follows: ing caught from a fire in the stove.
General revenue fund, $212,272.; one All that remained of the unfortunate .....
mill school fund. $8.807.i ; state board man were a few blackened and charred am um f Any one sending a aw S.ubscribr
of health fund, $172.97; pension tax bones, which were collected, placed In of lol Ir I $O wll recivae anopen-Afac, -w
fund, $1,235.48; tax certificate a nnd d byhe a Odd Fellows and stem-set watch, guaranteed b the mantuacters for one year. Send your subsci
$5,919.79; principal of school fund, $20,. -Palatka Advertiser. .ons at once to THEFLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jackaoville Fa.
$5,919.79; principal of school fundl, $20,~ --Palatkra Advertiser. -tons t onc to TH1E FLORIDA AGRBICUL TURIST jacksoville FI-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
4 Time=Tried and Crop=Tested!
Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the
GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.
If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record o
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in croj
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock al
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing material:
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES.
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES.
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and inaeeticides ge
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleached and to eo
tain all their fertilizing and insectild
WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO
E. 0. PAINTER & CO., =- = Jacksol
Grew So Heavy.
fL Painter & Co.. Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertili-
ser bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some
others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.
Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter t Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee. Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.
Beyond Xy Expectation.
e. 0. Painter & Co., Jackstnville, PFa.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. S. Pinery, the
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
A. M. Spenger.
Osteen, Fla.. Sept. 27. 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure In say-
ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in na
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinaon.
Sanford, Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-Please Inelose me an-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Speed.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"'TI'-J ID 1, AT ,'" BR A NDS-
r^rS HAVE TH ESE. W""
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ice
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................$30.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)........ $27.oo per ton
A POTA MANURE...o pr ton IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE.................$30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE.......... $30.oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER......................$2ooo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask-for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT J.ZR COMPANY,
SWoat Belmd Blood aad Bone, $ 1800 per wt. DamavalaMd Guam, Tbm Ideal Tobaceo Fertliser 144.00 per t.