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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00061
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: February 27, 1901
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00061
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text




11 AgrIe..,t i bnr 46011


Vol. XXVIII. Nl. 9.


Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Feb. 27, 1901.


Whole No. 1413.


Xole Beans.
Editor Florida .4griiltyirit,:
In your issue of January 3:0. I find
an article headed as above, from S.
Meares. Clarkson. N. C(. ISupposed
('larkton).
e describe strl a Ibean that. to some
extent, appears to lie a preventive
against moles. Why not adopt meas-
ures that will virtually exterminate
them?
Some .3 ars ago. I had a piece of
land that I wished to plant to sweet
potatoes. It was much infested with
mloles and success, of course, depended
on first getting rid of them.
I concluded to try an experiment
with arsenic. not knowing how it
would act. I accordingly procured
some and mixed it with corn dough.
1 then delomsited a lump of the dough
aliolt tile size of a marble here and
-there in the roads of the moles. To do
this make a hole through the crust
with a finger and after depositing the
dorugh cover the holes with clods of
dirt. or other material to exclude the
light. The moles will soon pass and
eat tile dough.
Two applications virtually extermin-
ated them.
Bryan Tyson.
*
To Grow Early Watermelons.
Editor Florida, Agriculturist:
Sandy land recently cleared, or old
land that has laid idle sufficiently long
to lie void of grass seed is usually good
for melons. If desirable to plant in
ground other than the above a clover
or pea sod will be good, especially if
said crops, when seeded, were properly
supplied with phosphoric acid and pot-
ash. An abundant supply of humus
will thus lie provided. Humnus is a ba.
sis for all fertility. hence commercial
fertilizers, applied to soils deficient in
Illnins. rarely pay.
The soil should lbe put in good condl-
tion. A few weeks before planting
time lay off into checks ten to twelve
feet alart each way. A cultivator or
narrow bull-tongue plow should then
be run several times in the bottoms of
the furrows until the greatest possible
depth is attained. The loose dirt at the
checks should then be thrown out, thus
virtually constructing holes. This plan
is much cheaper than digging holes and
will answer aliut the same purpose.
'The holes call be filled with the fol-
lowing materials, the quantity stated
being for one hole: Fresh stable man-
ure. a peck; rich surface soil from the
woods, a half bushel to a bushel; a
handful, say a half pint of fertilizer
composed of three pounds of acid phos-
phate and four pounds of kainit, or in
that proportion. In lieu of the kainit
one pound of potash may lie used. The
acid phosphate and kainit will correct
the excess of nitrogen in tile stable
manure.
Mix the above with the soil that was
thrown out of the checks and fill tlhe
holes therewith a few inches above
a level. It Is necessary to construct low
hills; otherwise, when the ground set-
tles cavites will be formed that will
hold water to the injury of the plants.
After the completion of the hills
sprinkle over each from one to two


pounds of the almve fertilizer, covering
t space about five feet across and work
into tiht soil a few inches. A top dress-
ing of surfcee soil from the woods may
then let added.
For reasons not necessary to state. I
prefer tlhe stable inanure fresh from
the stable. If well mixed with the soil
the ltusual firing properties will Ibe
avoided.
With a view of hastening vegetation
wooden boxes about ten inches deep,
open at top and bottom, and of :I prop-
er size to receive a pane of glass, say
one foot square. should be constructed.
Cleats should be secured to the insides
of tie boxes near one edge. Mortar
composed largely of lime, may then be
placed on tile cleats and a pane of
glass fitted thereon. The mortar will
render tie Ibxes air tight. As early
ais tih s'ea:son will admit of. plant
six seeds in a hill and fit a box snugly
over eac'lh open side down.
lin about a week remove the boxes
and plant four seeds additional, and a
week later four more. A good stand
will thus be procured without the de-
lay incident to replanting. The plants
while small should be thinned to two
or three.
The boxes will serve the triple pur-
pose of advancing vegetation, protec-
tion against spring frosts and protec-
tion against the ravages of insects.
The sun shining through the glass will
warmn the soil and cause the melons to
lie front two to three weeks earlier
than those grown in the open air.
After the season has advanced suffi-
ciently, the vines by this time being
nearly ready to commence running, the
boxes should be removed and properly
stored.
Before commencing cultivation a ta-
blespoonful of nitrate of soda may be
sprinkled over each hill and worked
into the soil. The plants should be
thinned to one or two in a hill, and cul-
tivatejd at short intervals by plowing
until the vines become too large. Cul-
tivation may be continued by means
of a long narrow blade passed gently
beneath tile villes, taking great care
not to injure them. I have thus work-
ed vines with the best of results when
the melons were nearly grown. The
crust that forms after rains should be
kept broken to the latest possible per-
iod.
A row of corn can lie advantageously
grown midway between the melon
rows; single stalks may stand from
eiglt to twelve inches apart in the
drill. In order that the melons may
lie shaded as little as possible the
rows aire preferably constructed in line
with the sun at 2 o'clock. The corn
should Ie liberally fertilized, thus
drawing but little or no substance from
the melon hills. A good half crop of
corn eni thus lie grown with but lit-
tle or no detriment to the melons. In
fact. shading the melons to a limited
extent, leaving the hills exposed to the
sun. may le beneficial.
Bryan Tyson.
0
Sorghum for Swine.
Mary Best of Medicine Lodge, Barber
county, Kansas, who for years has re-
alized very satisfactory results from


rearing swilne on sorghllllu, botl as pas-
turage iand grain. ta;is written souie of
lher cxperieln'c to Secreta;ry C'olburn. of
thle state It'oilrd if Agriculture. 'from
which the follow.;. is taken:
Our experience in rearing hogs ont
sorglhum lal s lbe'n veryl satisfailtorv.
and hls proved fior tills district tihe
lest way of h:lllndlling tilti. We have
a Ihog lot of ahout four :iwres iniludiing
a good orchard. alid keep aibtout an av-
erage of INMI hogs oiI llhand lihe year
round. selling a llunlch ssay every two
months. tlte little ones that come re-
placing those sold. 'The lot is situated
on bluffs of the river. The high part
is perfectly drained andl is never mud-
dy. whlile tie bIluffs and trees afford
excellent shelter in both summer and
winter. In addition io this na:ltural pro-
tection we also Ihave waril-. dry houses
for tile hIogs in winter.
A general outline of our llmethio is
as follows: About April 1.'. we plow-
ed the lot andi drilled it with it olger's
Early sorgliumt. usingi a hbushel or nmort
of seed per atcre. Tl'h;s variety grows%
very rapidly. and within llree week.,
tihe hogs were eating thle young plants.
'hey rooted ome ulip of ("our'e. Iu
not titclih. a;ind tile gr'-wthl was suchl
that it kept alnlead lil sutlnller flnd af-
forded excellent feed. If convenient it
would be well to keep tl hogs oulit un-
til thie calne is ai few inches Iligh. at
least. In Septemller we fenced off halt
of ithe lot. where thlt orhardl is. plowed
it, and drilled in rye. When a few
inches Iligh we let tile Ilogs graze on
the green rye. and it 1made good pias-
ture until May. In the winter we
fed tifty cows in the lot outside of the
orchard. on sorghum with all its seed
on. This was Colmnan's. and had been
listed ill. six pounds to tlthe acre. It
was very sweet ai ;nil tlendert'. all yiel-
ed alt east thirty Itusllcil of seed petr'
acre. logs and c.attle alike ate it with
great relish. I'pll to April 1, we fed
this. two-thirds sorghum to one-third
cornfodder with consitderable of the
corn left in it. Nothing was wasted
except cornstalks. and theil animals
gained aill te tintie. Then. as soon as
tilhe cows were Im'ovedl fromll tile two
atres used as a feed lot. it wais plowed
up. and after i heavy rain was drilledl
very thickly witih lIilger's Early sor-
gliun again. Iy thle middle of 1May
the hogs had desrtiedt the rye patch
almost entirely for thle new cane. We
have grain cost antly at-cessible to all.
in a self-feeder. andl it is surprisinli
how little is used from it so long as
tile rye and sorghlln afford good paIsl
ture. Our self-feerler is generally sup-
plied with itrnll. sorguillii or Kaffir
corn seed, or cholp in f:let. tie le lestt
exlsensive mixture availhile. Stilt and.l
ashes are kept in troughs near by.
In our herd of liogs we let orll" sows
and shouts rlun together, lind problily
tite sows get ra.ither fatter than desir-
able. but they doi well ai n rear excel-
lent pigs: aind then lg;ailn Ilaving them
all accessible to feed slaves so u111nch'
lalmr that we uilio not think it pays to
otherr with more painstaking nmeth-
ods. Nothing we have ever tried gives
as large profits as hogs raised thus.
Our sorghum crop is certaiin and heavy,
and we use it every day in the year.


Ill cutting we always begin early. when
the caine is juicy and the seed in the
dough, and do not in any case let it get
too riles for folider. Sorghulm is oun
main reliane., but this year we intend
adding artichokets and pulimpkin,. as an
experiment.
Have never had i ( ase of hog cholera,
nevtle lost any hogs fr'nll sickness, ex-
c'llt soile that had eaten the calreass-
es of anini:i.ls that hald died of black-
Itea. The water for tle hogs is pumped
froiim : well in the orchard by a wintd-
t!Iill, and they have the river to wallow
in.
*
Management of the Apiary.
Inl my last article. published in your
paper. I atiemplted to give an outline of
the manner in which I proceed in the
early spring to prepare my tees for
thl approaching harvest, and now I
wish to c(ltl attention to the pests of
tile Ibet hive.
Bee l Moths. -Ourn fathers believed
ilhat the bee moth was the greatest of
all elneiies of tlie honey bee. The wri-
ter c.n:l rlenImbler of hearing the old
folks-thle best Iee keepers of their
times talking about the "moths tak-
ing thie ,ees." 11ll unconscious of the
fai-t that thtle "imoths" really took the
Ibeekeepers. lThese old fathers. smart
in mininy ways. knew absolutely noth.
ing about tile natural history of the
honey liet. Tle internal working of
thile bee hive was shrouded in utter
darkness to men until the time Rev. L.
1. I-ingstrotli invented and introduced
thle movable frame hive. When we
consider the fact that a colony of bees
is dependent oin a single mother bee
(queen). to keep up a succession of
gil'erations of lbes. the average life
of vwhichl il tlie season of activity does
not exceed 0li days. and in a state of
Ipairtial hiliernation four to six months.
it is little wonder tlat "qlneenlessness"
often takes place by the death of the
another btee in the winter season. when
the worker bees are unprepared to rear
a successor to tile departed queen.
Under such circunmstalimnes if the ap-
iarist does .not supply the queenless
colony with ill inens to rear a suc-
cvssor. and tol extend tlite life of tlh
colony till tilhe young queen supplies
the plhice of tilhe old one. tlie colony
silon pei isies as the result of old age
and the moth Iarvae will Ie on hand to
destroy tihe comblls left in the hive.
There is ;l fact connected with thil
matter of "quiieenless liees" that has ex-
t-itted my ldmliriltion of the mysterious
ways tof Inature, nature herself aiding
tlhe up:ll:irist in his work of rescue. in
that. that the queenless lM'es will live
to :I greater aige thlin will Itee that
:ive a: prolitic mother at their head.
After .111 experience of :3. years in th%
alpiairy I hold the bee moth to lie a
scalvenger.l lnot ia leastt of iprey."
The llauk .Ant and thle toach.-Thf
tcoinmon bliia.k ilnt hats been a real pest
it my aipiiry. aind the roach is another
nulisance. But these pests can be con-
trolled by thle application of common
stilt. othll the anlt and the roach avail
themselves of the warmth from the
cluster of liees within the hives, to
aid them in rearing their young, espe-
cially in the early spring, and if no












THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


remedy is uiisl to expel thelni they will
literally iuse tihe lie hivrl as ;in inhilnbl-
tor. While I hllve ,' ver knllownl ser-
illos adall1ge ldone blly thell to beel,
thel y ;ro Il reial nulis;nlll iln the I pl(, ll y.
all tlirir lpreseine lietl'. thl e lhu e ho vIl
ers ;id wiierever they ;ianI intrudei
thtienielvis Inlear1 lo tilt' clllster of loers.
keep the lbt's ill aLIn unelasy, siitefull
nmool a"d anlkes thelii llhandle ladly.
I ilisiovered several years ago that
cotni.,ont salt sprinkled thoroughly in
all tlieir hiding places is a sure reml-
edy against these lpsts. No insects
can I reed their young ill the presence
of salt. it destroys tlle vitality of both
thile ggs and tilhe larvae of insects, and
noi inl aetsM will rem in long where they
cair.lat Iropagaite their race.
WVeln i ants or riches have 111once es-
tlblis.eil their breeding niestt Unidr til-
hive cover between the latter :'I il'l l
lquilt. or Ioi:l'll. wIliclhtver is usIIed isL
Ia no.elrinlg to tlih fIllieis lor slipll
ca;lsl-. tlhe sait :llppli'al should l t sprink-
rl withli w:iter to iimake it tlhe imore
effrt-live illnselt. destroyer.
fTire wre oilher rmedie,s tlv t will
ilrive awal ye ; Iwlv lus. olwdllered rli-
raix. lor ex:li1plle: blll salt is tile salfl','t
renlwldy. s1, it is in nio way otTenlliv -
to lth.' nillllt .bes if it shlolld lgel lnllolli
them. fll rill World.

Poetry of Butter-Making.
A writer in tile "(;lha-llemi'rlt." of
St. I 1ilis. said a few days aigo: "Tihn
ilnde' nable tin ivor of thll geuinelill
liatl Iless prl:liut (of tlhe living cow.
anll neilver be imltalted. let dr uggiss. iln-
ventoir a:ll c11hemiss s trlggle with
tallow ls they will. Those who ca:In-
rot tell tile differelonce al'lre welmelll. tol
their gustatorial deticinicy. it is their
misfortune. They furll-lih I cai.hlnnllc
for working off tlhe st;ile oysters anlld
lild eggs." lie filirther snys-iliost lper-
tinently: "With scll an country is wea
have here. and still expanding, it is a
sanlle to our civilization to luve to eat
the imitation of anythingg" I hole for
the comniing thie when our kitchens
shall Ile laboratories. where science
will join with feminine intelligence, un-.
til our talelis shall feel only tile weight
of pure healthifl fooil, alnd ogns sup-
llies will have to apply for 'ret-
ognition to less Iiviilizedl a:I less intel-
Ilgent people.
Charles lDudley Warner Ilade one of
his heroilne.s say that "there is lno po-
etry in kitchen work." that no artist
ever lived who could idealize a cook.
He says: "Noi cook is picturesque."
Well. what of that? Are there no bet-
ter things in life thali those embodied
in the word "plicturesine?" The cook
may put so mulhli good heart. bright
brain and unselfish motive into her
work that it will shine with the lustre
of genuine poetry.
There Imay be grace neatness. cheer-
fulness. such a wholesome desire toi
live unseltishly. that tlie kitchen lde-
partmlent maly lie the best one in the
whole house. Thle dairy maidl may al-
ways le picturesqte; shle Imust --I-
ieed--he tle emInodlti ent aof neatness
and the very quality of her work gives
her a grace not readily acquired in
other octcupations. I have in memory
the pleture of a fair young girl stand-
ing beneath a vine embowered porch,
churning. The churn was of the old,
old sort, with an up and down dasher.
the kind that our nIoderln maidensl
albomlinate. The girl of my story hall
blie eyes, rosy cheeks and a wealtll
of sunny hair which was neatly braid-
ed and tied with blue ribbons. Helt
dress was al simple blue print, but it
was so fresi. so chirniingly clein, that
I almost regretted tile dainty whitt
apron she wore over it. with :I li
coming il to her chin. Hter beautiful
arums were iare to tile elbow, aind the'
were strong, firm. well-miolded ari'n.
sueh as typify strength coupled with
dantiest grace. 'Tie rhythmic- sway ol
]her supple youllg body as she bell
laek nlid forth to ilaslh ihe rich crealmi
into golden butter, Inade ml e wish foll
the skill of an artist that I might per,
petuate tilhe scene y placing it on ll can
vas. How I Iongetd for a q4llff of tilt
rich buttermilk somnoi to be fortheo' n
ing-lpure and cool from that old c churn, u ilt I had to content myself
with a smile from thel sweet red lips
a bend of thlte s1nny liaid, anl a flasi
of light from tile eainutifal eyes. anle
go on lmy way carrying the picture foi
many long years, a memory like the


visioll %w h1 ll'n lit 1 'lllinis.
I';ir lip ill the P'o anllltio hills ill
W\'.tchlclstr ('tlity. .New York. :1 lllil-
liotlaire' with a souIll full of poetry hias
est.:ilishlrlil Iltriir ('lift frlll-ls for daiiry
Ielocriinellns. This venture is under
ltI' siii' rl is:nll of Mr. I.;l w. iwhol gives
Ills lllersoli l litl'llliolni to evcry ldet:il
,if tlie work. It is s 1lid that this ex-
periillllt is ;i f'llfillllnllt of tile life
drll-lln tll Se-re-tary Willso. a practicll
schilool of s-ientific ldai ryving. The books
oll his f1i1ri1 are kept as carefully as
areIl those of aIn y business iri.'ll and M'r.
aI.w llhas dlliionstrated that it is not
:lon11 e clp'litl wlirlil illlllres success.

lail froin very ollportunity.
AIl-rllg SOIsIl' oll tlit ruIlens from whici
Itliere is ti apilpell. ;re gentlellness witll
tlihe cow. prfect illterest fromll each
IllIloYI lll tlla' i ailllt a lso freelloml flro
-oIes ill Ionllia.it with tlhe cows. ol
ilant:iplll ; tl, h illlk :i l ll bull er. Tihe
coi s IilS L 'a;il- inin l Iwice I year liy
all e-.|ia :1 vclleri;l:-;lll to 1 detect signs
ot dlis;l:se i t its ili ipiencyl. ald 11on
thIl, l; ins11 li i la41 'v is ill wvied to lat a
Ipotlher Non1il s-* !Nih s cc1%sed to be i

ri;ri"r 4 litl I-\\ s is two yiers anll d l teni
aalll It lls h ld.
.lr. I.iw infiisis uIpon goodl diet for
11is (oVws. anll will 1;I.ive ill Ills et ployll
only Iil- most II airefu- l alldl o slls Ihllpl. ; oodl IlIhgI-S I'r provlehd for ille
eilrplo.t, ,s. Il,, single mlln'. clulbling ilI
]a l ',hle bli diln.I', while those hl vint
t:tllil'ls ;I. .. Illpro ided will heIt land
oirlll'l it' ;ll. ic I lllmllne. A. good
lillrarly ianl lg rII a i radiIg (roomll are
lllligll lltho cil'venlliorlll's tlhe help tind
Blt !{'ri;r ('lit fl',1s. Mr. I.Iw seeins
toI l exl'lI-i l'yifi thne poetry of Ilnt-
I'r-inllkiln ill fll lio style. I.et 1le con-.
alul'de t his e.ss.ly \\ith ;I fe"% verses from
allit r ih'eli tt'illl p:slorll lpovill:

"Ieside tllr 41hunru thei maidilen stands.
With nimile ni.ikel arins and hands:
Another Ithl when tllhe roilpers reap,
IIe'r t press w',11s lilllp as al ltig asleep-
Is failed inl front wit lla puzzling check.
Iiter feet :1re il ltir as hter sinlbrowviedl
neck.
Her lilir rnys ioult like I lady fern.
WVith simingl. II1hald she starts the
c-hllrln.
riTe play at lirst is free and swift,
Then slit- gives both hands to tile

A short, quick splash illn ile milky way,
One. two.l one. two. inll iamnbic play;
A onelegged d[:llIe Ill a wooden clog,
Ilatn-ilig a jig in :i watery bog.
A soberer gait. in all all-day jog,
I'l. al own: ti. down, like It pony's feet,
A steady trot ill I sloppy street.
Tlihe sloaittering dailsh in a tinkling wash,
It-aldn :itdl illla to a rea imy swash.
Color ol' f al" itTal' l shows ill ilt'l rn,
;lihllsas oto gold. iBegining to turl n.
Sl a'er illld slower -deaider andl dumb,
Ilaisics d11111 laIffolils, Iautter lhas
c1111o'."

The Trifoliata for a Hedge.
Would illte tn'iolif ta ba e a desirable
ornamnenlta:l hedge plant'? If so, how
farll' apart would plants have to be set?
And how long would it take one-year
seedlinlgs .o i lake a solid hedge two
a, d one-hlillf feet high? How long
would it take to mIake a tree ten feet
hlighli o lie pruned six or seven feet be-
fore allowing llirallat'hes? Does the tree
i look as well as ain orange tree?
L. L. Harvey.
Fairtlieil. Floridal.
rThe a-itrus trifa'lilta makes a hand-
some heldge. It haiis not the splendid
Seiallty of tli oralllige. but tlhe bright,
Svitd gr'leen of its trunk and limbs and
I of its smalilish. fox-eared leaves im.
part to it i l'an.ii. wholesome look. and
, its iiiiiin rolls trll-iihlent thorns give it
i atilholrouighly buIsinesslike aspect, very
f aipprolpriile to ia hedge which is ex-
t palevtd to bid delianle< to the razor.
I luaek. I llhe flll anld winter its fruit
Sis hallndlsolie yellow glIobes not quite
a us large aIs billiard ba lls, inedible, tast-
- ing like a perilsilliiii dalshed with turl.
Spelltillne.
Set tile pllllis a foot apart. You
r aglit to liavt a tolerably solid hedge
in three years. depending largely, of
. course. ol tlte soil and on the care
I you give thien. The tree would be
I f'rrmeit nearly is soon as a seedling.
SThe .lJapanese consider that it grows
- as fast as the orange, and our own nur.


elrym' n l(blieve s,. too. for the first
three or four years; ullt after that it
begins to fall behind. Our own ob-
sr'l'\ltionl il tlle Balker counlly lnurser-
ies is that it grows just aoullt Ias fast
Is thll orange for somelll yeiarls.
II stalllni tlrilnlming like tlhe privet.
wl'icl it so fal r slurpasses thlai there
is nil comipariso. Its conllpilt hllnit
llnlkes it easy to keep ill good shape
without hard pruning. It makes no
suckers, and its roots spread only a
short distance. and are not exhaustive
1of a broad, strip of soil like some oth-
or shrllibs used for hedges. It bears a
1:pofulsion of the sweetest orange flow-
ers. and loads itself with an abund-
alnce of its pretty fruit, ripening in Oc-
t el ir.
In the fall many of the leaves have
iIn alutumnal appearance, turning red
and sollletillles Ihnging for months.
Ivent in winter. when all the leaves
ilave fallen. the lilege is as brightly
green Lis a IeiiclImler. In. the spring-
it st;i 's hint, aind is therefore safe
against free'zes- its early shloots have
il redilish tinge. --Florida Farmer and
Fruit <'rower.
*
Ingredients of Oleomargarine.
Wae noticed. last week. us I notablee
victory" the l, lsslag lby the hiose lof
reprlsei'ntal ives of a resolution calling
onl tltc secretary qof tlie treasury to re-
port lie ingredients contained in oleo-
margarine aIs shown lby the ottihiai re-
lports filed with the conllllsislloner lof
internai;l revenue. a ilnd ventured thle pre-
ditionll th:it these reports would not
slow tll( full truth, in that certliin ( of
tilie more linirmful ingredients ised inl
Ilie alll fa'tl Iire of oleolnlarga rinel
would linot lie specified.
In olbeli'll'ene toa tlisl resolutin tlhet
st etary of tlile treasury las tralnsIit-
ted to tlthe hollse lof representatives a
reilirt Inalle by tile commissioner of illn-
terlnal i'evelllue, showing ill gross inl one
statement, the reported ingredients aof
oleotmir'ga: ine for the fiscal year end-
ing June 301. 18 I.9. and ill another tilhe
ingredients of oleo nargarine a; re-
iported flor tile monthly f Ieler tr,
1IS~.). Their' are some slight variations
in perl eltage in these two tables, but
not enough to demand especial con-e
enllt. Til reports for thle month of
IDece'nber show that there was a total
of 11.713,743 pounds manufactured
during t!'iit ininth, and that the aver.
age composition of this product was as
follows:
Per cent.
Olo Oil.. ........ .. .. .. 28.84
OleoOll .. .. 28.84
M ilk.. .. .. .. .. .... .. 16.13
Salt.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .83
Butter Oil...... .. ...... 6.20
(Cotton Seed Oil.. .. .. .... .. .. .:4
Cream .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4.02
M[isaellaneoius .... .. .. .. ..... 1.74
Tilis table is remarkable alike for
what is shown and for what it does not
show. ks we predicted, it does not
show thli amount of parafine used,
which, various analyses made of shtm-
ples collected in New York City show,
is present in very considerable
amounts. Neither does it show the
amount of preservatives of one kind
or another which may have been used,
nor any other of the items which it is
more than reasonable to suppose are
used in greater or less amounts by
some. if not all, of the factories in the
United States. The manufacture of
oleomargaine differs from the manu-
facture of butter in this important par.
tictilar: The manufacturers of butter
are continually on the alert to discover
ways and means by which the quality
of their product may be improved,
ttwhere.s the manufacturers of oleomar-
garine are constantly on the alert to
discover ways and means whereby
they may cheapen the cost of their
product and still have it pass as butter.
The ingredients which we have group-
Sed as miscellaneous consist of sesame
oil, coloring matter, sugar, glycerine,
stearilie, glucose and butter.
It is not to be supposed that all these
items enter in every lot of oleomar-
garine. It is possible that in the month
of December all the stearlne, which
amounted to 12,705> pounds, was used
* in one factory, and that all tile sugar,
anlounting to 14,111 pounds, was used
in some other factory, and that all the
* butter which amounts to 160,130
Sounds. was used in one or two factor-
i ies, and this last for the express pur.
- pose of making up sample packages to


"SALZER$S "s- nnA
--M M M Mm-- m 111 --

S ,- WILL MAKE YOU RICH"
A -- Thisi fadnril. intttememt.bntSt -
i '- se'"s eers r it out every Umans
'A^ i Comblnation Corn.
S /r.Cte'tom orn or;- Ipoeitlely
u j. '- r evoltinizecorn growing.



t '
Ui illon l. ,
0 fer ,'elt. or marr'el of the product i






geie utt.ofhr. prTe. I
t i nt i sr to s tht the



1 '' 1, o il" lis o1f ex t m ly u n-I




l:in i igin. u n tlls u. i t it
It i re iprolpr. 10 O tt e
if* "' i hr b\.hl per A.) R I' p.i l








I.1 ii t oillit i rea' y. It i is : i' Inew term
1 ) Ilnol ;I r.a'gllia'd ril'd ict iall the
gter >il I:s ll xlctd frIn gler-





;ItI ii:lss of wlihat lr s to Iy terht tile
stoll IVlttr" the dirtiest. rankest.
t:l.ii d. :lt l Iilllt hllt lo l o llf f lit anl dirt
ll:lt u'cil lier imaginedi Thiis product.
kltol onlll t .i l l'arkllt ;s "greas le." itn
Illi 1d 111i l <-lreienly.- ly i -l aritia l and
Jt olln, s out 's so-,lGh-l butter oil. nlud is.
S;i tl il)ialt nionl for tile ilroduct of tile
rI'leallrin l'ii-s. Il hI e offi llt I Is l to into r ola ln-
IstPrl'i;il itroIl'cti oif virioRs kinds- not-

talilly ol.o otil--IlloalLt's lin'irylnai n
LI led fit of rI ll ll for tile l l i llll oftl




Irish Potatoes on Flatwoods Soil.
Atiroil:sg tlix- nain r.i sillS to Iln grown
liyv tihe tr-iik4r ill this section is the
Irish potato,. It is alollt tile earliest
oft all rilps -iu ll tivatl here. Tile Co-
ir;a l, poil;itol lg al tl is Ioai lity.. :hII I ll:ia ve slleen no other
.inl'inv so falr exa-'eiit tlih rot. sot called;
t':it is. sollle viles inay hle very thrifty
Ifi (l day. tile next they are wilted, and
illL ilay oir two.a rt> dal. At tile sanl
tilll< Ilhlh1 k s|l ats ;llI|ilo ar on tla tylhors,
SI'lle lhe quickly rot. 'lis disease I

ly: Pilants nlx't to tie diseased ones
would lIe unalffeacted by it. and I am
not scientific elnoigh to give cause or
Irel.edy. I hald one whole crop ruined
tonlc bly lhavilg "wet feet" (that is,
by planltilng too deel). That was when
I was fresh in this section, and knew
too Iulilch. I was trying to work Ken-
tuclky lletlods on Louisiana soil, and
tihl thing was a failure. I have learned
by that exlperimlent, and don't do so
aiiy ilmore. I tried another Kentucky
ildea Ihat would not work, and that
was planltilng se.onld crop seed. A
year's residence in Louisiana made
them lazy about coming up. Planted
by the side of New York seed, on the
samne day anld in tile same soil, they
were just three weeks later coming up
than the New York seed. The second
crop seed made a good crop of potatoes,
but were too late to have any money
in them. The varieties that are grown
here are Peerless and Boston Peerless,
and are the only kind to grow for early
shipments.
Use Northern Seed.-Western seeds
are universally condemned. I have
never tried the Western seeds myself,
but all who have unite in saying that,
for some good but unexplainable reason
they will not produce well. I am afraid
I will have tile experience this year,
I planted twenty barrels marked and
branded Boston Peerless, paid the
IBtosll Peerless price (75 cents extra
per barrel), :and every barrel was put
Iup iln Hlffalo. N. Y. I also purchased
from two different houses in New Or-
leans. Needing three barrels more to
plant the ground I asked that extra
pains lie taken to send pure Boston
seed. Well. they did, and sent me as
nice a lot of Hunranks as I ever saw.
I planted them, but they were not what
I wanted. The difference in the early
and late varieties is not so marked
here as it is farther North. The Early
Rose is no earlier than Peerless. 1
believe that the Peerless will make a
marketable potato first. You can plant
potatoes here at any time after the
first of January, but will probably gain











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


nothing by being early. I try to plant should rest before a second crop could Ithis district havt' to trust to luck for
between the 1st and 15th of February, be safely planted? His reply was, "I protection. I do not see how they can
so as to have them escape the late have had some costly experience along do well here. for lite winters ;re cold.
frosts, which cut them back, but do this line. and have about concluded In Lolril,:ildy we have :had five severe
not injure them to any extent. that as far as I am concerned, land snow stoIrms lile past winter. I do not
In the preparation of a potato crol, ollnce producing a tine (rop of felons suppose that ai few trees grown unller
it is better, if possible, to select a piece will never le planted again by ise. for hothouse (lclture really inAikes this ili1-
of land on which cowpeas have been my limil of time for rest is one hun- mediate vicinity a:1 orange district.-
grown the year before. It is by no dred years, and I could hardly hope to Wllliamn .1. Arvis. ('onlsul. '. S. ('on-
means indispensable that it should be see the time that 1 would be willing to sulate, Milan, Italy.
so. I have grown good crops on bare plant again." Now my advice to all Protection at enice. -In reply to
land. The ground should be btedded beginners is. do not let any amount your inquiry, would say that Italy. or
up well In rows. three feet apart. I of argument tempt you to ever plant at least North Italy. is not the natural
then open the beds with a shovel plow, melons where they have grown before; home for these delicate products, with
and apply at least one thousand pounds you will find hundreds of people who all the precautions taken. Orange and
of fertilizer per acre. consisting of six will tell you that they have grown lemon plants. which thrive here in the
hundred pounds of cotton seed meal. three, four, five and six successive open alir during slummler. cannot risk
two hundred pounds of acid phosphate, crops of melons on the same landand nd tile winter without protection, either
and two hundred pounds of kainit. The that tile last was tile Iest. I believe inl tihe greenhouse or under provisory
fertilizer is scattered in the furrow these fellows think they are telling the sheds of light plilnking. provided with
and on the sides of it. truth. but don't throw away any mon- stoves and conduc.tilng tules sutlicient
I then take a one-horse harrow and ey by trying to prove that they are to maintain : certain uniformity of
mix the fertilizer with the soil. then right let tile experience of the old temperatures in every part of the in-
drop the potatoes in the depression, melon growers of Southwest Georgia closure. Many cultivators regulate
which by this time is very slight, and and Middle Florida be sufficient-they their practice of ie':ting by the simple
cover by running around them with a will all tell you not to attempt it. expedient of pldainlg a ve-ssel of water
pony plow. My seed is now at least I see that some parties are distribut- near the planIlt. and light their stoves
four Inches above the bottom of the ing circulars all over the state advis- when tlie water begins to freeze. Tills.
water furrow, and above any standing ing lcelon growers not to plant seed however, is conllsidlered dlalngerolus, tas
water that may come from heavy grown in Florida. These parties either tile injury llay IIIe already done before
spring rains. This is important, as do not know any better. or they have tlie signal is given ,or olbservedl: and
half an hour with water over there n x en, a to grind, ill going into the seed thlle ilI ht11(' one att:Iked by frost is in'-
may cause the crop to rot. Now. as the business themselves, and have a lot of y3ll remedy. tlMore .('reflll gardeners
potatoes are all formed along the stem very choi- seed of their own selec- is4 t t! tilt'Irinolnters. :111n begin lheat-
and above the seed. the earth must we tion. which they might le prevailed ing when it iimIrs ; to 7 degrees :Falr.,
routinually worked to the vine. andl lpon to part with for a valuable con- aove freezing point. pilrticularly it
never from it. If the weeds collmmence sideration. tile we.-(ll:tr is .lear :llnd dry. M1. B.
to come. scrape out lightly iand throw A tropical country is tle honie of the Noyes. Consul. I. S. Consulate. Veclice,
thie earth well up around the vines. watermelonand te nearer you get to Italy, in i'lorida Fari'er and Fruit
Two. or at most three workings, and th: t pi'': tlhe nearer to perfection yon ;lrower.
your crop is made. The ground must will find the mlelon. What would you *
pot lie disturbed while the tubers are tln'k of the tan who told you that A Bill
setting. I suppose every one knows you should by all means get .,'our or- Entitled an111 at to ainwl'd pIiirgralph
that. ange buds from the hot houses of Bos- fourteen of seotionl 242 of tilte e-
Finisl :ng the Crop.-By the time the ton. Mass.. or Rochester, N. Y.: that vised Statutes of tilt State of Flor-
r-op is laid by you have a considerable they should come from the extreme ida in reference to lle duties of the
ridge, so when the tops begin to turn North to produce good oranges in Flor- boards of ipulic instruction.
fellow I dig with a two-horse plow. ida? Now for proof that these Be it enacted Iby tlte Legislature of the
By gauging it right you can turn out parties are inl error, it is an open se- State of Florida:
all the potatoes in going once to the cret among the seedmen that Southern Section 1. That paragraph fourteen
-ow. All the marketable potatoes are grown melon seed (and the farther of section 242 of tlte Revised Statutes
picked upi. packed in bushel boxes or South tile better) are much better than of tile Sta:te of Florida lih and is here-
*hushel and a half sacks and sent right Northern or Western-grown seed, and Iby amended so as to read as follows:
off to Chicago. The little potatoes I they are willing to pay more for them, Fourteenth. The board of public il
generally get the darkles to pick up at- and a great many large seedmen, in struction ill each county sliall, on or Ile-
terward on shares. There is no great quoting their prices to the wholesale fore the last Monday in l.lne of each
profit in a potato crop, but I have al. trade quote Southern-grown melon seed year. prepare 1an itemiized estimati-
ways made something out of them. and at from three to five cents per pound showing tile :Itmount of lloney required
as they are out of the way by May you higher than Northern or Western- for the Imaintenaince of til necessary
Rt-e ready for another crop on the same grown. conimnon schools of their county for the
ground. and that without any addition. I plant both Northern-grown seed next ensuing scholastic year. stating
Al fertilizing. About 100 bushels pe andl my own Florida-grown seed each the amount in mills on the dollar of
ecre is a fair crop. Two years ago 1 year, and the only difference I find is the taxable property of the county,
netted $1 per bushel; last year about that the Southern-grown seed produces which shall hle not less tlan three nor
45 cents. I have tried several times fewer melons, larger melons and a few more than tive mills, unless at said
to raise a second crop, and while 1 earlier melons than the Northern- meeting there sliall hie presented to the
rould always raise a few. I cannot call grown, the latter producing more mel- Imard :i notition signed by :i majority
it a success, and after I found that the "on a'nd averaging much smaller in of tle registeredd voters of tIle county
second crop were not valuable for seed, size. Southern grown melon seeds are who are taxed for real or personal
I-only try for enough for family use. the best and are admitted to be such property in tlte county, requesting a
In this method of cultivation, rememn- 1y all competent growers.-W. M. Gir- higher tax. whenl the llillage fixed in
her that it is for level, piny woods ardeau in Florida Farmler & Fruit tilhe petition may be adopted, lbut not
land, and in a section of country where (Grower. to exceed eight mills, and furnish a
a single shower will frequently let fall * copy of tile statement to tlhe assessor
from three to four inches of water.- Grove Protection in Italy. of taxes of tll county. and tile a copy
Florida Farmer & Fruit Grower. Some time ago we addressed letters ill the otfice of the iioarl of public in.
to a number of the American Consuls structionl: :d(l the assessor shall as-
Kelon Culture of Florida. in North Italy and Southern France, s'ess tile :ilolint so stilted. alind the col0-
Tle beginner in melon growing is apt asking then to state the measure and lector shall collect the a:lmount assess-
to make one of two errors or both of method of protection for orange trees ed and pay over the same monthly
them. either of which will surely end adopted in their respwetive localities, to tIll' couty treasurer, who is allso by
In hitter disaplointment, blasting all Most of then replied, but only two law school treasurer, to lie used for
of his hopes for a bountiful harvest- gave any information worth publish- the sole benefit of the public schools.
the first is, that as a melon is made ing. All the rest stated il substance Section 2. lThat all laws alnd parts
up of about 65 per cent. of water, that that there was no orange culture, ex- of laws conflicting with thie provisions
a nice piece of damp. sobby land is the cept a few hothouse trees, in their vi- of tills act I(' and teil suame ure here-
best that can be selected. Nothing can cinity. by revealed.
be further from the right thing, melons The letter which we shall give first .i ectionl :1. 'This at slhall take effect
will do absolutely nothing on damp, was from Milan: inlnedlntely upon its approval by the.
undrained land, and nothing ruins or Protection at Lago di Garda.-Your governor.
blights a melon crop so quickly as con- favor at hand, and I at once wrote *
tinuous rains. The melon will stand to the director of "Societa Lago dl "Kerowater" for Spraying.
more hot. dry weather than even our ( Grdat" for I know of no oranges or I see you advise i1 inqullircr inl youiP
cotton; it flourishes in dry weather and lemons grown in this iniainediate vicin- last issue to luse tilt kerosene emlulsioni
grows luxuriantly week after week ity), and( lie replies as follows: "In as a remlley fiIor s:ale insects. This is
without a drop of rain; a shower now answer to your favor, I beg to say that all right if your corres)londent already
and then is all it requires. Plant only I cannot indicate any means to protect has a spray pumip or does not want
on high. well drained land. The second lemons and oranges against frost dur- to buy a newv one; otherwise my advice
error that all fall into, and many will ing the bad season, for the reason that would ile to ibuy :1 Ioull's "Kerowa-
be convinced only from bitter experl- we have no frosts at all here, or very ter" pIinpI. w\hilch Illec'llli'i;lly mixes
ence, is that melons should never be seldom, and ill such cases we cover thle oil land water and so saves : a great
planted on land where melons have our plants with wooden boards, so deal of work :and expense. which it
previously grown. I say, never, be- that they remain almost in a hothouse, certainly is to miaikc e lmulsionl right.
cause I have not grown melons long and when the cold Is too intense we Grove owners are likely to have a
enough (fifteen years) for me to be con- heat too. From this, you see that no- great deal of this work to do this sea-
vinced that they will ever do well a lbody takes great interest to protect sonll. as thle rl'enated cold winters have
second time on the same land, at any plants against frosts, and we do not greatly reduced tile fungi anld lady
rate, I will not put the limit at less know what to suggest in such cases, birds that used to liilp hold the scale
than twenty years rest for the land and we do not know of any publica- down so mullchl am1 tlle rank growth
after the first crop. before a second tions on the matter as you suggest." which roots force on trees losing their
crop can be successfully grown again. From the above, and from what I learn tops by cold gives scale such a ille
Some time since I asked an old melon elsewhere, I judge that whatever or. feeding-groutnd that they are increas-
grower of Southwest Georgia if he had ange or lemon trees are grown in the ing very rapidly.-F. G. Sampson in
made up his mind how long the land warmer and more sheltered spots in Florida Farmer & Fruit Grower.


The Eminent Kidney
and Bladder Specialist.



..












The lucverer of Swam-Rst at Wt ork a
Ma Laboratory.
There is a disease prevailing in this
country most dangerous because so decep-
tive. Many sudden deaths are caused by
it-heart disease, pneumonia, heart failure
or apoplexy are often the result of kidney
disease. If kidney trouble is allowed to ad-
vance the kidney-poisoned blood will attack
the vital organs, or the kidneys themselves
break down and waste away cell by celL
Then the richness of the blood-the albumen
-leaks out and the sufferer has Bright's
Disease, the worst form of kidney trouble.
Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root the new dis-
covery is the true specific for kidney, bladder
and urinary troubles. It has cured thousands
of apparently hopeless cases, after all other
efforts have failed. At druggists in fifty-cent
and dollar sizes. A sample bottle sent free
by mail, also a book telling about Swamp-
Root and its wonderful cures. Address
Dr. Kllmer & Co.. Binghamton, N. Y. and
mention this paper.

Budded and Grafted
Mulgoba Mangoes.
Imported from India; absolutely free
from tiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
United States.
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH,
West Palm Beach, Fla.

Orapefruit,Tangerine,
Satsuma, Tardiff and
Enterprise Seedless.
The best commercial citrus fruits.
Three kinds on each stock. Well cared
for past five years. Will soon fruit
if protected. 50 or more of such trees
for sale. At home place on South
Boulevard. DeLand. Fla.
W. H. HASKELL.

TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
Por polishing, cleaning
or washing oranges
and lemons, without
injury and at slight ex-

WRIGHT BROS.
4 k Riverside, Cal.
lPhillips & Fuller Co., Tampa, agents
for Florida..

Oiled Roads in California.
The Ihedlilld's (Citrogirph gives a
long ac4rounit of tile application of
crude petrolelelum to tlie roads and then
conltillnues:
To do this we have whilat we call a
"rel'tir outfit." a tank holding six to
eight barrels o ooil set on a: wagon
gear. with : two inch hose. 10 to 1-
feet long. extending froin the bottom
of the tank. will a nozzle and a eockR
ion tlhe elnd :niidl a shut-off on tile outlet
of tihe tank. The tank has a large
olening on Tihe toil covered Ity a call,
thiriigll' whliicl .nl il. lowered a 11111-
dle of Ilbrick or stones. Heated Ihy a fire
aloiing.sil the road. for warning the
oil. in v;ase rel-aiirs are llllade ill cold
we'atiler. One n111:111 liand two horses (.an
inall.aige tlic outtit. It ca1n 1e lusedl in
working over l ooIse spots in a road
when imikinig the first application of
oil, aind suiilisteiqntly in keeping the
road inl repair. The tools needed with
it are a shovel, hoe and rake. Whenev-
er a place in an oiled road commences
to cut, the repair man should start


131


__











132 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
ommo-


witl his outtit. In this way the road
can le kept in good condition with
tnlllparatively little expense. Another
lueful thing to have on land for re-
pa:irs is a good sized pile of sand
Ishairlp alngular sand land line gravel),
mixed with oil to near the point of sat-
uration--just short of being sticky-to
put into holes and depressions of all
oiled road. where water might lodge
and lstand. Water long standing on
one sipot with eolista:lt travel over it
is tilte greatest llelnemy I have so fat
found to an oiled road.
Wl'ile the oil is being applied and
stirred into tlie loose covering of tihe
roai. travel should be kept to olne
side. In omlle cases it llay lie nlees-
sary to Oil one half of the width while.
the travel is oni tle other half; andl
then t1l:11 it on to tlihe oiled half while
the halallce is gonlle over. The next
day after oil is put ilon road travel
ian lie resumed.
Quantity of the Ol(l.-As before not-
ed. the Illlalitly of oil we put on to a
widlthl of 14i to 1 feet is from 1i)N to
1.i1l barrels per lile. If tile surfaIce
is very loose llmore tlan 1.ihA barrels
lmay lie -requlired. The rule being to
put1 on iill that tile road surface will
take Iup. If tilte work of putting on
the first applietionll is ihorollghly ilonie
i11m h less oil will lhe rIequired lhe fol-
lowilng year: ill most cases' not llore
than one-half. In the rase of a piece of
road bliilt in 1 ,ai. not more than one-
ilentler of tile oil Ilsedl in the first a;p-
plieationl was needed to lput it in good
shalle ill 11 1o.
The oil we have used is a residuum.,
after tlie inl thia. gasoline and kero-
sene are extracted, alld contains from
17 to 1N pelr -elit. of bitumnen. This
is undoulltedly the most valuable in.
gredilnt in the oil. for road making.
Coming directly from the stills it is
entirely free froi water. If crude oil
is used. it should lie an oil rich in bit-
umien and be subjected to a heating
process to drive off the water that Is
foand il most crude oils. The water.
if ill allny considerable quantity, would
seriously interfere with obtaining good
results ill road making. The price of
residuun oil has varied from $1 to 1.2.5
per barrel-of 42 gallons. It is now
$1.25 per barrel. f. o. b. at the refin-
ery.


*
Florida-Sumatra-Conneoticut.
We beg our readers to) observe, aind
not to forget it in a hurry. either. that
the five luindred pounds of (onnetienut
Sumatra albuit which such ant unlearth-
ly fuss wais niiade ami the trade
throughout tile entire country set wild.
no nuch so that sole otherwise bright
and highly intelligent imen nearly lost
all self-control and Ilile an exhibition
of themselves. were not even raised
from genuine Sumnatral seed. which the-
I epartmnent of Agriculture conld not
furnish and which is in exclusive pos-
session of the I'. S. Tolbacco Journal,
but was raised from Fllorida-grown
Sumalltra! Tant de bruit pour une om.e-
lette! And therefore robbery and nmur-
der for tobahlco raised from second-
hand seel? We were sure that tlhe
whole story would end in a farce, lbut
we never thought it would collapse so
soon. on tlhe authority of its chief ori-
ginator.
So it was not tlhe genuine Sumlnatra
after all which tlhe Wqahlington "sc.i-
entists" claimled to have sulccededl l ill
raising and to tile genuineness of which
they sewitehled exle-rts to testify, liut
merely anI imitation of the FIlorida Su-
ilatra! For (evenPI tlie "-explrts" wih
so readily rllshed to Washington to tes-
tify will not have the hardihood to
testify again that tlhe genuine tSunatra
can lit relproilued1 from lte Florilda
seed. And il for the imitation, why
hiok so lonEgingly to tlte Northl WhyI
not give straightforwalrd the credit toi
the Floridla, the last year's croll of
which is iliehl-d of such texture and
fllneness and thillness aIs ('lonnelltieult
-an never holte to duplicElte ill al thou-
sand years. Why not have tile fuss-
over andi give your evidence to the to.

aI aelo which you have instead of to(
what maIy or nmay not lie so in the fu-
tuire? If the trade wants a dollestic-
growl substitute for tle Sumatra they
have in it last year's Florida crop.
As for the possibilities of a Florida-
Sumantrn-Conlnecticut erol to kill off
any further use of the genuine Sumna.
tra and ('uban leaf it is well to repro-
duce here and to paste on your desk


the sober and weighty statements with
which I>r. .enkins closes his article:
It (tle experiment) does not demon-
strate that it tlhe Sumntra) can be
raised at so large a profit to tile ('on-
lne.tiult fanl'rer tllilt lie nlln afford to
change his system of growing tobacco
and go into tle raising of Sunmatra. It
does not prove that there is any profit
ill tlie cropl at all. I do not advise alny
(onnecticu t farmer to unlldertake to
grow Sumlatra, except illn small way,
experimentally. and the full knowledge
that lie ially lose thie loney that lie
puts into it.
It costs a thousand dollars to raise
an acre of l'lorida-Sumatnra-('onnectl-
cit let af. and tile price realized would
lie $1.44N1 at the figure paid for tile ex.
pIerillental prodllct. which raised sulIh
a hullnabalH. That would give the
grower a profit of 40 per cent., which,
a.e-iording to his eternal whining, would
land him in the iplerhoiuse. F'or he has
lieenl acit usltoled to make 2-4) and : N)i
I-r -ellt. onl his irolp. Where then, are
the millions for tile tollbacco growers
in this experiment? Willl tlhe "'sceln-
tists" of tle AgriculItural Department
and their henllhmllen. tlie "experts."
rise ;inl explain? 1'. S. Tolbaco .our-
n l.,


S*
Weight and Measure in Feeding.
In inlstitilll work. il advising tlhe use
of coarse wheat brail in place of other
wlieat feeds. aIllni tlhe use (of glutenl
feeds aLnl lineals in plllae ol -l cornineal
or holminy cholp. we always run against
tlhe farinier- who says lie -an get more
nmilk out of nilddlings and the bran
th;at is full of norlu rather than coalrs)
brall. "Analysis doesn't trouble himl!
He is after results." and tlie sale lman
cani get twice a1s much milk out of orn-n.
ineal as vwheat tranll. WiV hile e llues-
tion this farmer we alllost invariably
filid that lie doesn't weigh his milk:
he guesses at results. He also does
lanl ellal ailtounlt of guessing in lils
feeding. Ask hil how ilany pounds
of thle different grains he feeds his
cow. and lie is equay lly u thle stlump.
We ilnd that lhe feeds by measure. e rath-
er than by weight, and tlie large ulia.
jrllity of fairners are just like him.
They Ise a two orl' foulr-i quart measure
or Iiasin when feeding, and when using
differently feeds they always -compareiil
imea.sulre, not weight. We have Jpre-
liat -i ai tailel to show sullh niten tlat
they bought t cin pliare feeds by weight
rafter tll:l hi y mieaisue, asgrains and
feels alre all sold by weiglt. This ta-
lile is an eye-o opener to the man who
hials never given tlle matter any
thought. 'We give sonie of it here:
Weight. one quart each. lIs.
('oarse wheat bran.. .. .. .. .. ..0.5
('oarse wheat middlings. .. .. ..o t.S
FIine wheat Iiddilngs.. .. .. .. ..1.1
W heat. mixed feedl.. .. .. .. .. ...I
I f.llutl feed. . .. . .. .. .. .. .1.2
till et lil .m.al . . ..... . .- .1 .7
('ottol-seed meal.. .. .. .. .. ...1.5
('orn meal. . .-.. . . .. .. 1.5
Linseed meal.. .. .. .. ..- .. .. .. 1.1
When we examine the tahile we find
why the farmer who1 feeds b-y Inealsure
gets suchi glool results from inie floury
middlings, and says coarse bran is no
good. The farmller who feeds his cows
four quarts of middlings twice a day is
giving them nearly nine pounds of
gralin as i-colipared with four pounds of
coarse brali. If he adds to this two
qIalirts of corlnnieall each timlie he also
gives them six lIluInds more of grain,
while. if lie fed four quarts of gluteni
feed hlie would feed less than five
pounds. The iman who in pic-king up
I sample of bran looks for lots of flour
doesn't realize that lit, is buying
starchy material thalit hlie can or doehs
Iaise largely on his own farm.
Eight quarts of middlings and four
iqiarts of cornnieal will weigh 14.A
pounds. ntid will furnish 1 Pounds of
digestible protein. Eight quarts of
coarse lrapn aind four iquiarts of glutena
feed will weigh only 8.8 pounds. but
will also furnish 1.5 pound digestible
protein. The middlings and meal will
utst alpluit 15 cents. while the bran and
gluten feed will only cost 8 1-2 cents.
We find lots of falniers feeding corn-
ineal, which is low in digestible pro-
tein. but is heavy. They cannot give
a sensible reason why they feed it,
only tliey always Ihave. They don't
know what it costs to produce a quart
of milk, and often I amill afraid they
would rather not know. If they would
study cost of milk, then study feeds


and their digestible protein analysis,
then feed using weight rather than
Ileasure as a basis. there light not
be so inluch kicking against farninlg.-
Itural New Yorker.
*
Growing Broomcorn.
I(rooinlcorn should le planted in
drills, one lilant every six or eight
inches in the rows. rows three feet six
inches apart. It is of slow growth at
first, very similar to sorghum. Keep
it clear of weeds, cultivate same as
corn.
When the brush or heads are at the
prolier state of growth, which may ie
dletermined by the seed leing in the
slifl dough, the brush must lie cut, to
do which plro-eedl as follows: Let one
mani walk laekward between two rows
and bre-ak them at aintt the height
of an ordinary table. bringing the tops
of tile row at his right hand a(lross
to the left alnd tlose of the row on
the left to tie righllt ill such a way that
tile intlerlocking tools forml a tablle with
thlte Ibrush projec-ting beyond each side
ullonelnient for cutting.
Two nileni. l o le o eal ch side lof the
"tabille" follow with sharp sqiuarie-
pointdl shot knives. anl cut tlie
brush wiill a stein aliout six inllles,
Ivavinl tlhe "hloot" or u enr leaf lion
tle stalk (not onil brush).
When eailc llma111 has as Inlmuch of the
brush as lihe al i hiold the two handfuls
are played together on the table, which
will Supplort it if properly iade.
A shed with open sides should lie
prolidtd. similar to a iorn crib. with
lhorizo(' tal suppllorts floor imovaillle
shelves upon welilh to place tlie brush.
beginning at lole nlill of the lied at
the lil olni. pile Ibrushl on the lowest
shelf six inllches ileep, tlen put iln next
shelf above anll till. and so in to tlie
tol of tlie sliced. leaving a spacnle b-
tween each shelf for air to circulate,
for if piled too -lvose it will iold.
Iiatlher i:-iush with wagon ali team
onlce a d:iy. being iaretlll to liandle 0
as to keep heads all one way. A little
sun will not hurt. but it must it cur-
ed mainly ill the shade. When cutred,
thrash and lInle. Maichines for thill
purpose arl madie. bllt I -alnnot givt
address of like manufacturer. Sombl
men whlo own their thrasher and baler
thrash before putting in shed, thius
saving shed rooim.l
Bright. well inured. green brush
brings the highest prices. If overripe
it turns red; if too young when cut.
there is a loss in weight and it lacks
strength. One thrasher and baler call
ido the work of several farms. Cut
when most of the brush is in right con-
dition. and cut it clean, as it does not
pay to go over it twice.
I ne tonl to three acres is a good crop.
IDo not plant until ground is warm.
Plant onle or two inches deep in well
plreipared land.
The cost of raising will depend on
tile plrice of laluor. It used to be said
that it cost $4. per ton to put it in the
bale.
Mr. ('arroll's Method.-In answer to
Mr. W. A. Trott. of Mountain Spring.
C(ooke county. as to the treatise on
llrooiieorn, will say: In my experience
as to raising it I would advise a per-
son who has never had any experience
ill the culture of broomcorn to begin
in a small way at first.
Itrooiiieorn is raised something like
scrghltlu. All that it requires is to be
or break your land early in the year,
so that you will get your land in good
working way. You know that the bet-
ter you have your land prepared the
better your corn will be. Plant be-
tween thle first of March and tke last of
June. It is better, though, to plant
allouit the first of April, as broonicorn
that is planted early does not grow
very i-much until the cold weather is
mostly over. Well, after you get your
iorn planted. aind when it is all the
way from two inches to knee high,
take your hoe and thin to one stalk In
a pla-e. Leave four or five inches
space Iwtween the stalks. Plow yothp
corn once lwfore thinning it, then
throw ill the dirt you can to the corn.
but don't get your rows too high. Plow
your <-orn three times if you think it
rei4uires that much. You be your own
judge as to the plowing. Don't plow
very deep the last time. One hoeing
is sufficient, as a general rule, but if it
needs two or three hoeings, hoe it.
As to harvesting, this idea of bend-
ing down the heads is useless. When


F ~- -


iCTAIRRR


COLDS rRIPPIR


BOOKER T. WASHINToN,
Of Tuskegee, Ala., writ :
"I have never taken
medicine that has i -
proved me as much s
Peruna. For catarrh is
certainly a blessing."


lle see,.s turin pale red. or when they
are gronll. yo)u ca11 tell the way the
straws look whlren it is time to cut.
you iegin. The lirst tling you do is
to table the corn, walk backward be-
tween the rows. lend each row in such
a way as to get the corn tabled. Af-
ter you table a little you will have no
trouble in learning, as it is very easy
after you unlderstanil it. Cut your
corn. I generally use a common pock-
et knife to cut tlhe cortn with. Pull the-
bhoots, or toip blaes. oiff as you cut.
Leave your cornl in the sunshine to
cure.
I will guarantee you will have all
tlie sllushlilne you need. for, brother, I
have been there.
Ieave your (corn ill the field two or
three ilays until it is cured.
Soilie people think that it would he
Ibetter to cure the corn ill the shade. It
will do either way. If you have a piece
ttllIt yull could use you canl cure the
4-o'rn in ihe shade, though either way
will do.
1 have had some experience in the
lbroin-mnaking business, but I will let
somlle olne molI're versed in the matter
give y.ou more light on that subject.
Mr. l'orter's Ilan. .As I anm a reader
of Thie News and feel that I have been
ilnvitedl to give mly ideas tin tihe culture
of lbroinurnii. will say:
I have eeni raising broomcorn for
twenty years and working it up Into
lIromlsll. I prepare lly land just as I .
would for any other crop. I nearly
always flat break and plant with a
gauge planter. putting the seed about
three inches apart.
From two to three plowing s s aum-








THE PLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 1i


cient for lth' I or'i. Sonlte tinue in the I of the subsequent treatment is to allay How to Treat a Horse.
litter part of .ily. when the seed Is the irritation of the stoniachl and low. it English groom who spent twenty
in tilth dough. I take lily florc'e of haln.ti Iels andl to restore the digestive fnne- years i thile' styles of royalty, thus
andl go inll l.d hiid the row down until tions. Powdered rihunbarb. one and one. spke of lhe way we treat horses in
the heads will atg n .4.;out breast high. half ounces: arbonalte ltof nagleshi.I A\nerit.a. and the way they are treated
I -ut the 1blrush off. living thelt stalk three ounces divided into twelve pow- in Enganii l: "Youl." he said. "don't
about tenl illilnche lonlg. thus giving suf- d.. andl given onte in four or five take good .lre of your horses; you
I ciiet hand ;lold ill scraping l he seed hours. to Ibe given in a little new milk. think you dlo. b ilt you don't. iWlen a
a fl. I always run my sr.aper. making You niliy addl oin orl two teaspoolfull horse l-lines i i llwet with perspira-
nill and sclrapling the seed off. the sanne of whiskey. A little fresh inilk should tion. Voll let himt st;d in the stable
a a... taking to Hit' sih:tlde :nl allowedd lie given severill times a day. or let alnd dry with all the dirt on. In Eng-
t cure ill layers ail bout fIour in-thiel (.;ilf siuck several tiles II dlay. bllt tll Inindle. we tlke the horse as he comes in
thick. In lhout teln days my .l iir is quantity shoullt Ih limlitd4l from i rive :nd sprinkle bloodwarm
ready to wor-k inlo hr, liltts. :an l I finid Somiletimles the disorder inafy Ie water t all over Il iin from his head to
btloomil-mnaking ai profitable business. traced- to some disease or mlisinanage. his feet. Then we serape hint down
giving ensp!Ioylienlt t :lily :ind :ill lnit affecting the Imother. and blanket him. rubbing his legs and
tlmies-r.tiny weatlhr. .-old weather W. E. French. I V. S. fane dry. ThuF, in an hour. he is
nlld a ll ll .s. ly ihlei for not tab- l 0 .l1zI ti a i d1I .n ,d reay take a
U an is that iit leves tl sillks ill such Answers to Correspondents. oodn n feed. Wille lolr way ht e wil
s taiingl.l t s tlli.hal t,4 r- is no lytlin,. wil lh e. Iti y Ii, Iliig t ,i I. I lav.e : valuable horse here lth:t dry sticky alnd dirty. ()ir horses nev-
lown after bI: -vest ing Ille 4.ri I takee .julnps four-foot l arbed wire fence. erl fllunder and never take cold. We
y stalk-tnttcl. gl tilt one row i. iR'l ,w (.nl I stop)I l 11i? nerC n 11, 1 ,se a ,ulIrv-voil>I. You scratch
n tithe otlir. ut.litI ll tlheIl into 2. I set a halter advertised with a yor horses too hard. The only care
ph a". a-overing att:ahed to go ill front of Inecessary is to have the water not
. Turn under in Aiugust. thus giving eyes. is thiis a safe method? very cold. tllien Iilie them quickk. and
the stalks tlboult eight months to rol,. :1. Is not tile alnimln lihale to run b:llanket them instantly, while you are
making n tinet l'rtilizer. into a stunlll or wire fence with Is ir biilllg l heir legs. -Ex.
Mr. Newell *lTells allow. Mr. IW'... A. o. as le lninllot see in fromt of hinim?
Trott. of Monltain Sll priiins. Tlex., dl- Yours truly. "
ire" to know tlirouglih I, News tile ('halls. TFh. Hiley. Diversified Crops.
culturee and ilandling of Irooiorn. Collwa. Fl'lorida. 'The money made (on cotton last year
I have liPil some expelri'lence in tliait is Ihaving lthe effect of stimUlatilng far-
line. I will gladly tell liii wla I I tildl fI'ence higher. or put hobbles lers io increase thle acreage of the
know. hopping it will prove irofitnii;iie ll.1 hise, lrodllct Itlie coming year, says the
to hit. or any oer res- of TI 2. I l.is f l I Iaitlesville SmIll. This llay Ile wise,
lNews. t olll nol advise thle if such Iandl it nlaVy lie otltherwise. If present
First. prelp:r'e lie a ;ind ;ias for findi:nlh ;I alter. It is unsafe aln might cause prices are iainllained or increased. cer-
tcorl. Sowi in drill-s aulout th'iee feel ey trouble s. thinly tle crops of cotton eould not
apart, or abolt thli sUame :Is sugUr :,. Thle ainnal is liable to rul into well 1e4 too large, lint who (-an foresee
clanel. It slhoul.l Ie. culltiva:ited albot a'verythinllg. i w-ould much rather use wllhat m1ay *'.'"ur? ProIbablytl tile best,
thie sainet as Ildlilan 'ornli aind mliust itoe anil certainly the safest policy for far-
harvested while in tile ldolghi. while :i lI"ke' oil sue1h animal. litlers to pursue, would ld e to diversify
the corn is in its greenest stage. A'. E. French. I) . lleir vrops. By doing this they will
In harvesting. break two rowlls to- i- hazard but little. while a living and
gether. alout eighteen 'inches from IEd-.itr I'etrinaril )Dclrtitment: more or less profit will be fully assur-
the head. or hurl. so they will come I'ear Sir:-Will you please answer ed. Putting everything into one crop
together in the middlle. Then take through the Agriculturist, what is best is extra hazardous. It is like betting
sharp knives (butcher knives prefer- for nme to do for my cow. Will describe all your mIoney on a single card. If our
red), and cut from four to six inches as best I can her condition. In latter foresight were as good as our hind-
of the atein t tthle lirush. l.ay il small paIrt of Manrch. ll 9. she calved about sight there would Iw no trouble about
piles and haul out to thie thrasher. three months before time. thirteen days seeing into the future. If farmers rea-
Thrasher can l e made :a cylinder with after. bull was following her. but do son well they will do that which care-
nails driven into it. run by horse pow- not think she took him. Calf was born ful consideration leads them to be-
er. dead. but perfectly formed. Last An. lieve will bring to them a living and
For curing it the loft of i barn is a gnst or Septelmller tlere passed from something more. As a rule. farmers
good plarc. Spread about four inches her : bloody muIoll us matter, and 1 are Ibetter plrodnucers than they are
thlik oil poles o narrow plank. so the thought was bulling. about tllirteeh slpeculators. They know how to raise
air can pass under. I.et it stay until tl;iys after she was with bull two or .rops. but -Iilcmparatively few of tlien
thoroughly dried. then take up andl i e ti three days. 1,ll never saw him nount inforn1 tlheselvet ;as to wlat kind o(
inll bundles. Then i is ready for the her. For some time liefore the loss of crops will prove profitable. It is for
broom.-Dallas News. Iloody inatter. she sloblhred at month this reason tliat the generality of farml.
_and gritted her teeth. I gave her Tilhh- ers cannot afford. to hazard tile grow.
I Illa's and Magic( Fo'ol Condition Pow- ing of one 'crop only. Taken as a whole,
VUTERINARY DEP'ARTENT. Killers. but they do not seem to have any thle lest thing farmers (lan do is to dl-
Realising as we do that many of our effect. I have also given her some ve'sify their crops. Don't grow too
readers frequently need the advice of a lmediine for kidneys. bored her horns "lllch of any o1ne thing.
skilled Veterinary Surgeon, and that they lll, split 1.her tail. Her bowels s eem *
are not always in a position to secure th' tl. er bowels seem
services of such, we have arranged. r I' ill good condition, is eating all A 'curious discovery has been malde
the benefit of our readers, with Dr. W. i:. i''lt. lbt is ill ioor condition, hide during the dredging operations at the
SFrenh of Daytonat, hwFla.. aVeterinary tig, Iollos seemI to Ibe cooler than lontlhs of Morlay and Shoalhaven Riv-
Surgeon and dentist, who will answer all
inquiries relating to the ailments of do- natural. grits teeth more or less and ers in New South Wales. These rivers
mesticated animals, through the columns slobbers a little at moutth still. I feed run through an auriferous district, and
of this paper free of charge. Should any her two quarts hulls allnd o( of bran at thil estuary sand bars and alluvium
wish advice requiring an extended answer
by mall, they should enclose one dollar morning and night. aind although she are deposited. This obstruction has to
for reply which win cover the case fully, eats all of it. she does not seem to put ble constantly removed by dredgers in
oil any flesh and besides she sometimes order to allow the channels of the riv-
Indigestion in Calves-White Scours "onughs, what I would call a dry cough; ers to be kept open for navigation.
Diarrhoea-Gastric Catarrh. urine seems to he natural, but when This mud was then taken out to sea
Suckling calves are subject to this I gave her kidney medicine she was iln hopllers and discharged. A work-
form of diarrhoea. sore along the back. especially near mIan one daly, impressed by the curious
Causes.-Calves whicll slck their tll' loins. lIhve given the best descrip- nature of the soil. panned a little off.
dams are not frequently affected witli tion I can. alnd lVwoulld 1e pleased if you and wvas surprised to find a
this disease, though it iy bie occa- 'could informl me of the disease from small sediment of gold dust. Hle conm-
sioned by their sucking at loIng inter- saidl l'scription, and let mne know what Inunicated his discovery to the author-
vals and thus overloading t111( stoli- to (" for her. S. F. W. cities. and further investigation proved
ach and bringing on indigestion. ('Calves Illianola. Florida. that the alluvium was freely charged
which are separated fronl their dams I should judge from your description with this metal. It was therefore
and which receive considerable qiuanti- of tile case. that your cow has "salt- 'deided to extract this gold. and the
ties of cold milk at long intervals are sickllesIs." nidid wolnl advise a change gllul is aw run tlroiugh an automatic
liable to contract this form of indiges- gold saver Itfore twing dumped into
tion. Calves fed on alriii-ial food, f feed. :1d .ore humane treatment. the sen. It is anticipated that the
which is sometimes used as a snbsti- tus S1ch treatment is only treating the quantity of gold recovered by this
tute for milk, also frequently contract sylnptomns, and not removing the cause "leals will defray the total cost of the
It. Gi\ve some line water and tincture of dredging operations.
Symptoms.-The milk which passes iro: air slaked lile ne pound to five
into the fourth stollmach becomes curd- r slaked lme o to e Sir Edward Burne.Tones. the artist,
led and acts as an irritant on the sur- gallons of water-use a teacupful in loves children very dearly. When his
face of the stomach and bowels, so that drinking water each day: also 30 drops small children are naughty, their mam-
a catarrhal condition of their mucous of tincture of iron in drinking water or ma punishes them by standing them
surface is set up. The passages have feed. '. E. French, D. V. S. for a few minutes in the corner, with
a thin, yellowish-white appearance and * their faces to the wall. This seemed
become very frequent. The calf he- A SUPERB GRIP CURE. Ito be quite severe punishment to their
comes dull. whisks its tail as if in Johnson's Tonic is a superb Grip I lie uty-loving papa. So he has paint-
pain whenever there is a passage from cure. Drives. out every trace of Grip i ed in the corners where his children
the bowels, loses its appetite, becomes Poison from the system. Does it quick. i are punished sprays of flowers, saying.
weak. and unless the disease is check- Within an hour it enters the blood and "If he has to go to the corner. I am
ed dies in a few days from exhaustion. l~egins to neutralize the effects of the determined he shall enjoy himself
Treatment.-The calf shoulnl have poison. Withinl a day it places a Grip I tlere.- It is also said that the artist.
from onle to two ounces of castor oil victim beyond tile point of danger. When visiting, found a: cihlild of his host
and a tablespoonful of 1:11n:dnn11. A Within Il week. ruddy cheeks attest re-' receiving tlhe saimt punishmlent. and
iild dose of purgative nimediine is giv. turn of l rfect hlalth. Price, .i0 cents that lie quickly sketched. with a pencil,
eln to remove the curdled mIilk from If it cllres. AFk for Johnson's Chill and flying hiilrds in the corner where the
the stomach and bowels. The object Fever Tonic, Take nothing elle, small boy stood,-Selveted,


W/1M/rPol/f7 Aof ?E .e LAE6 sM4

2 is exactly what they require;
f it not only gives them the im-
Sportant element (cod-liver oil)
in a palatable and easily di-j
i gested form,but also the hypo-
& phosphites which arso valua-
Sble in nervous disorders that
Usually accompany anemia.
SCOTTS EMULSION is a:
Sfatty food that Is more easily
Sdigested than any other form
Sof fat A certain amount of
a flesh is necessary for health.
You can get it in this way. I
We have known per-~
sons to gain a pound a
day while taking it.
soc. and $S.to all druggists.
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemnists, New York.





POSIONsB OuABANTBED,
Under $.000 oash Depopt.
1 eeslr .. Vwv(
a y ----.- 711Ie


H. C. HARb i CO.,
GENERAL AGENTS.
216 W. Forsyth St.. lit. Hogan and .ulia..l;aek-
sonville. Fla.
tMalmehster Fire Insurant-e ('o., Norwich Union
Fire Insurance Societv. Almeritan Firp Insllranile
Co., of N. Y.. Indemnity Fire Insuranee (C,., The
Traders' Insmnrance (0). of Chirago.
AGENTS IN ALL THiE PRINCIPAL TOWNS IN
FLORI.\.

Western Poultry Farm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25e.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It Is up to date. 24 pages.
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice Hill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry. 1 dos., 30 eta; 35 for 3
etsa 50 for 50 ets: 100 for Sl.


W. E. FRENCH,
VETERI NARIAN,
Will Treat all Diseases or uomesticat-
ed Animals.
SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
A Specialty.
DAYTONA, FLORIDA.


aIts Easv.




IToTakci
r ip
2 Thin, pale, anemic girls 5
Need a fatty food to enrich
a their blood, give color tow
. their cheeks and restore their
health and strength. It is;
Safe to say that they nearly
Small reject fat with their food. j










164 THE FLORIDA AGRICU TOURIST.


FERTILIZER DEPARTMENT.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Fertilize. Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.

V Swedish investigators llhav Ie'II en-
gaged in testing the importance of dif-
ferent green-manuring crops inl the
e(onoly of soil litrognll during the
fall nonthis. I'ot experiments were
mlade with lhuckw\vhleit and yellow Imus-
ta' anuld with thle legumes, thle field
lpea. coionllU vetril. hairy vetchll. Ro-
llmanl vetch. yellow lupine. bilue lupine.
white lupllne. colnIIon kidnellly vetlh.
serr-adelll. Mleli'lls ailla:. andl red chlo-
ver.
T'Il Ismts were filed \with soil of a
very light chalrn'ter. poor in hunius
and other frortilizig constituents, hav-
ing been taken froll a field on which
crolps of ryo. lr:iiley. thri'' years' pas-
ture and o:its andl superphosphate cor-
reslsondling to-t.hi, contellts of )ptaishi
and pinhoisphl.oric m'id in I goods crop of
clover wias adilledl to all pots. 'lie
seeding and halrrowinig-!'nier (if lihe
green manure crops were done at such
a time and ill such a manaliner is would
oltin llin tield wudjL
T'le results m t 1nuckwhea t
caused :1 loss 1- illds of nitrogen
to t111e ae. li l Tr yellow mustard
cansed a loss of 4 p s of4 .l f niitrl'gen
to thle acl're. The legumlles without ex-
ception inleriased the aimoIunlt of tile ni-
trogen in the soil.
The tield lea added 131 pouInds of inl-
trogen to the acre. the coninimo vetch
6It. the hairy vetch 47. tlie Romnnan
vetcll 1:4". the yellow Inuillh i--'. tlie
white lupiline 47. the tref, il 4.1. the ser.
radella :-C. and thle mtlilotus plounlids
to tile acre. Thus the legumes sup-
plied four to five times as much nitro-
geln during growth as did inmustard and
buckwheat, and left the soil richer at
the end of the season by an increase
of nitrogen equivalent to 15 loads of
barnyard manure per acre.
The pots were pllatced under cover
over winter, and in the spring so iw to
six-rowed barley. The results obtained
at harvest time were rendered value-
less through -anl accident. but the ap-
lwarance of the barley throughout tlhe
vegetative period clearly showed thle
superrority of the legumes as green
manures. and the small crops in the
buckwheat anld mustard pots were ripe
while the barley plants iln many of the
legune pots. notably the field pea and
the conilmon veteh pots. were still large
and green.-lrof. II. C. Larsen, in
New York Farmer.
*
How Lime is Used.
SIuccess in aniy work depends lluso
the manner in which it is done. Tlere
is a right and a wrong way for doing
everything. In the work of the farmn
the wrong way is more than the mere
loss of time and labor. It may do ser-
inus harm to the land or lose all the
cost of seed. and so cause a loss of
actual money out of pocket. I thought
I had sufficiently described the method
of applying lime to the land, but a
letter from a subscriber to Home and
Farm. asking particularly how this
work is done. leads me to suspect 1
was not sliihcien'tly explicit in my de-
scription. The letter is from Tennes-
see. and the writer needs information
all through from A to Z. Doubtless
others may le groping in the dark inl
the same way. The full and particu-
lar description is is follows. and is
given from actual experliene:. for.
knowing how it ought to be done. I
have taken the pains to do it myself.
whenever I was unable to get an ex-
pert man to do it::
The lime should he fresh burned, aind
as it is drawn from the kiln it is taken
to the field and dropped in heaps of one
bushel exactly two rods apart each
way. It is easy to measure this by
taking six moderately long steps. each
of thirty inches, which will give fif-
teen feet. and marking tli, distances:
then the lime is dropped. and the heap
will cover two feet. So one gets as
nearly as is necessary each bushel two
rods apart, each way. all over the
field. I use a splint basket which holds
precisely a full hIshel. and which I
use also in shluckillg corn and gtherl-
inlg Intatoes. and tlus it is easy to
keep n:l exact account of all the work
done. I use the same kind of basket


ti o r i-ooI'ts i01 itie sedge ani other
prevalhlnt wveeds. and. of course. neu-
tralizes (the siiourn'ls of tle land, due
to the Il'presencl iti it of any kinds of
deca:yinlg matter. It is disagreeable to
1ll kinds of inllsets, and kills earth
wosl'll and grubs, which will quickly
wriggle to the surface as soon as the
caustic lill, comlles il contact with
thiei, thus exposing them to their nat-
ural eellnlies, which devour them. Its
use is essential to successful culture of
the' soil. and its wonderful result on
this 'culture is onle -canuse of that com-
ill.m, hlut foolsish saying. the lime ecI-
riilihes tell farllers hlit impoverishes
their sonls. If anything of the kind
ever hliapii'ned to any fariner's son. the
reason was not the lime. lbut that the
son spent the proceeds of the enriched
.sil ailnd failed to put hack the rightful
shlarne belonging to it. in the form of
1llmanl'rel mllade byh" feooding the liberal
crops which tlle lime produced. The
burden of every article of this series
written has been the positive necessity
for this return of the soil's share to
the lands.
If tis is not done the land is robbed;
its inherent fertility is wasted. and the
farmer cannot help hut suffer and be-
come impoverished. The soil is inex-
haustible uindir such treatment as na-
ture gives it. FoI. nature returns ev-
eryvthig la h.k to lhie land: every plant.
eciry aiilliil. ill solmni wivay or other,
does this. And iinnkiidl must do it. or
lie is defying the laws of nature, and
1lntul're is thlill iunlable to do its work.
I do not ueant that tas a crop grows


Headquarters for Fertilizers.
A fertilizer factory on a big scale.
under the management of competent
and experienced men. familiar from
long personal experience with the needs
of the Florida producer..is one of the
many important industries of Jackson-
ville. Reference is made to the manu-
factory of E. O. Painter & Co.. who
operate the only factory in Jacksonville
operated by machinery. All the mixing
and grinding is done by modern up-to-
(late machinery, built especially for this
firm. The materials going into the fer-
tilizers are first weighed out in large
platform scales, built for the require-
ments of this work. and from there
are fed into a hopper that caries them
to the third story of the factory. where
it passes over screens, the screened
goods going into the mixer and the
coarse material through the pulverizer
and then again returned to the screen.
This process is repeated until all the
material is in the mixer. where it is
thoroughly worked. From the mixer it
goes to an automatic weighing ma-
chine. a very ingenious invention, so
that when a sack is once put on the
machine it remains until the required
number of pounds are in the bag. Then
the machine stops and the bag is sew-
ed and is then ready for shipment. In
this process the mixing and grinding is
more thoroughly done than in any
other process used in the manufacture
of fertilizer.
In this factory are modern mills for


for feeling mny cows, and one basket every particle of it is to be put back
of eut colrn fodder or hay makes one in the land. There is a surplus, how-
t'eed ever, which is made up largely of such
1Tlie line is taken from the hind end elements as are Inexhaustible, and
of tihe wvgon by ai square end. short- these are those which should le sold
handled shovel: the ta ilboarid being of,'. iand those others, such as contain
lake out. Two baskets :iari used, the elements that are scarce. should be
sollietilims threieI ; ;iill three rows are retained forl feeding on the land as far
dropped. one ;1t thlie wagon and oine Is iossileh. But if the air is inexhlans-
e;ih cli v rods apart on acl side. It tilde. so is tile land really, for the cul-
s not idiec'ss;iry to le previsly l exact: turec of it dllring a :nan's life makes
if t ii hieails ai'r :is 1uiln'h ;s a foot out o visible inlpression on the quantity
of place. no li;irini is done. The lime. as of it. For with such culture as I am
it is di-sohlled by lth rlill. will be ev- describing intensive it is called-this
iinly diftfused iln the soil. andi every inexhaustible store of natural fertili-
ounce ,of it will do its work. The lime. ty. is developed and even added to by
;is it is thus plil ed. is in its fresh li it far lmer's skilled work.--Henry
rditlioii. 111,nd in lunips. as it comes Stewart in Home and Flarm.
from thl linlue-kiln.
Itin' sihoer of r'iin or Ia few nights' Soil Stimulants.
diw will slhke, down hi. lime into a It is a conlnion error to suiplpose that
line lust. :1i11 this will lleaslre one- a stimulnlt is a had thing for the soil.
h. llf ore l iul hllk ha th: te fresh linle. Nothing will arouse the criticism of a
(I, thllI go. ov'r I ll' lichl with a fertilizer l manufacturer more quickly
lI. -.i 'i1l. irld I.pointed steel silo'v tIlli" :I1 intimaltion that his goods are
,4. :ll4l1 g i 'l1iln %i li' i wa d side, stimulants. The old-time friends of
l'llers h finl' e ldust eenly over tle Iii resented the lstatiment that it is
re.sil .d Alft.. 'i s lift ovI l.:lti is is a stul lilt." say.s an exchange. "The
twist ls do.he liime Iho is g which altruth is that tle soil is a great store-
it is stA:tel l i : fair shliie an l lousi l of inert plant food, and one of
:; little pr-iatie one ean spread it fiI oUr great eeNIls is stimulants to hasten
tis w:ly so evenly thit froAi 1 slort the 'h n'sliclt chang es that make this
idisi:lnle IlIi. round lll pars l as if a food available. 'I'll frost of winter.
Ivllt s5w li;inl .just fallen on it. tie admllission of air. the use of thl
'1I lihe lo lho>vvler. is qu|itei useless lr'rowv ll allre stilnulnils. The manll
until it is dlis-olv-d ill the maler ill the % ho llarrows reileatedly is freeing
soil. 'llis sHlo l|:Iip,.ns. lfor lln part Il;lllt food i il ninuch the same way as
of lilm' is dissolvedI ii ll 711i p:rts of cold t1he' one woli uses lime. lie is hnsten.
water: :Iand thli.r', is ;i Inmcli g'rater iig the disintegration of the soil and
quantity of vwatr ill le soil tlan is doing other things that tend to enable
lneede' ti dissolve\ it. Then this limte 10ie plants to get hold of the land's
water quickly alits n tihe hlumus or strength. This is legitimate. Our bus-
(dic: lled vegetahl Ilnaitter ill tile land. inelss is to convert fertility into plants.
ainl. sets f'ret tie ilnert nitrogen in it I here is folly in it only when we fail
:1ld otileiwis.' :.ts on it to iake it to keep the soil full of vegetable mold.
niava-ilall food fo,, plants. besides, of -"Tlte so-called commercial fertilizer
colllsi. c..otltrihniinlg its;t own silhstaneOe ,otiains available plant food. This
ahi ,lahlt food to snrppr, thet lime. of food fosters the growth of plants, so
wlish' thlr is a; lrger quantity oi a- that they get more out of the original
I:ort ill plaf mintserwll of att y ot store in the soil. Often-times they con-
i' kinds ofns iin nrl viatter. in tiain only one or two elements of fertil-
in ie soil.s ansd is i isso sofillule it io it.v-the ones that are deficient in avail-
ill tih soil. and as it is so solnule, it is aide forn--and their presence enable
sooln cirri(d down into the subsoil. For al for- ald their presence enables
illis ireasoni ii is IInever plowed into the the plants to make full growth, which
la:nd. but applied so that it is kept as Illiians full draft upon the other n9te
in 'r t li surfae. as may be possible. or inlre elements they niust have from
It is geiner(allly used fuor the wheat, for the soil. So far that is stimulation.
the reason tliat clover is sownI on the I;lt they usually ',i more than this.
went, a.lnd lime is exceedingly effect- T'he presence of fertilizers in the soil
ive in linking a gioal clover crop. And mieansl the freeing of inert fertility.
for tlilese reasons' it is sown on thel I'lhs occurs in various ways. An ex-
plowted and llarrowed land: then the excellent illustration is affol,ded in acid
wheat is sown and the seed is har. phosphate. We know of the stimulat-
rowced in or drilled in. This some- ing effect of land plaster. Roughly
what further mixes the lille with the speaking, one-third of an acid phos-
soil. plate is land plaster. This results
'I'he effol of lime oin clay lands. as from a chemical change when the roik
(oir" i-olIno111 red clay I dll.ls in the is treated with sulphuric acid to make
South. is to open. loosen and mellow the fertility in it available. Hence,
it. aid keeps it from running together this fertilizer is il part a direct stimu-
hn it is w l. It causes deco'mposi- hint: a fa-ct ill its favor not one
tion of hlie veget:abhl matter, such as against it."


the grinding of bone, tobacco cutters
ai:l grinders for cutting up tobacco.
etc. The factory is operated entirely by
electric power and was built especially
for this work and for the convenient
handling and storing of the large stock
carried. It is worthy of mention that
after the fire of November 18. 1889,
when the factory of E. O. Painter &
Co. was entirely destroyed, that in less
than one week temporary quarters had
lcen secured and immediate order giv
en for' the ne-w Iuildling. which was oc
cupied in less than ninety days.
The location of the new factory give
nncxcclled facilities for receiving and
shipping. It is near both the East Coast
and Plant system freight depots.
Mr. Painter has had an experience
of over twenty-three years in experi-
nienting with chemicals to secure fer-
tilizers well adapted to the needs of the
Florida fruit grower and farmer. His
nsccess is the best proof of his ability
in this direction and his trade embraces
practically every county in the state.-
Florida Mining and Manufacturing
Record.

Can't you win one of our premiums?




Gregory's


Seed

For neuly half a century egory's Mar-
blebead Seed, on hundreds thousands of
farms, have been a synonym fbr purity.
freshness, and hooe dealing. The origi-
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any selling to tens of thomuand of their
children the same high quality of wed he
sold the fathers. Our new Vegetable and
Flower Seed Catalogue now ready-free to
everybody. The worthy novelties of the
season are honestly described.
J. H. GREGORI SONa, Marble.Ied,





seat smoked isawerni with
KrAUSERS' LIUID e RUACT OF m in
.ade tfro la w d. wweame
weear, sadt s.er RA te olBd way. Sed t**

Orange and Kum Quat
Nursery Stock.
Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
table. Also a general line of Fruit
Trees, Roses, Shrubs, etc. Prices
low. Freight paid.
SUMMIT NURSERIES,
D. L. Pierson, Prop.,
Monticello, Fla.

Well Digging Outfit
For Sale.
We liive a steam well-digging outfit
with tools complete for boring wells
from four to twelve inches diameter,
which we canl sell at less than half
ile original cost. Any one Interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap.
please correspond with us.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Jacksonville, Fla.

"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
S and Lawn, Palms,
Bamboos, Conifers,
Ferns, Economic and

Squats, and all
sorts of Decorative
Stock, for Northern
House Culture as
well as the South.
Rare. Tropical Plants, East and West
Indian and other Exotic Plants. Send
for splendid Illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
nsect pests, and will not send out
'white flies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bros
)neco, Fla.

COCAINE-WHISKY
Plum Hats red at a
o reftreeess. fasll, t 4 t ..o
ome Tr.,tmu! .e ot FI` ir .
8. M. WOOLLE, M. ., At.ti..u. Ca.


d







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


DEPARTMENT OF ORNAMENTAL
HORTICULTURE.

BY W. C. S'TEELE,


SWVITZERLAND.


FLORIDA


Effects of Cold.
We have given two accounts of tlhe
damage done Iy the frost of Januaryy
19.
Yesterday, Febrluary 14, we visited
a neighbor who lives about a mile and
a half from us on thi In lik 4if the St.
Johns river, our oiwn lhione is a little
over one-lI:ilf ile from thei river, at
the nearest point.
()On this pla'cet we founlllld C. 11:as, lale-
dallacontltuls,. 'iriileill). Cllupen
mnicropet~tlal |. minensl. Ipoonovas
and Salvins bIlooming. entirely unin-
jured by frost. One-half mile difference
in distance fronl the water of the river
Ilmade all that difference il the degree
of cold. This shows the1 great value
* of water protection on the west and
northwest ill lilme of blizzards.

Hibiscus.
We have devoted considerable space
to this family of plants. But we know.
of no other that will give as great a
show with ;s little trouble and ex-
IH'use. We will not eve'll except Roses.
It is true they lack tihe fragrance
of thle I.ose, and are not tde-
sirable for cult flowers, and many
of tlhel a;re very evanescent, not
lasting a whole day. In spite of all
this, for yard decoration we think they
are almost unrivaled.
We have two very desirable species
not conumon in florists' catalogues. InI
the spring of 11t), we got a packet of
mixed seed of Hibiscus from a North-
ern seedsman.
From them among others, we found
two unknown varieties. These we
have finally found to be Hibiscus di-
versifolius and II. immutabilis. The
first is a native of India and is the
most curious species we have seen.
The stems are quite thorny, the thorns
not large but quite close together, and
very sharp. A piece of dead stem of
this species is very much like the stems
of some varieties of red raspberries.
The veins on the backs of the leaves
also bear numerous sharp recurved
thorns.
The flowers are sulphur yellow with
a dark purple throat.
This species is rather tender. It was
all killed to the ground last winter;
this winter two-thirds of the stems
were killed when the thermometer was
at 32. Yet it sprouts up readily when
killed down. It also blooms the first
year from seed, if started early.
Most of the readers know of Hibis-
eus mutabilis, the "changeable" Hi-
biscus. There are two forms, the sin-
gle and the double. The double Is
known as "Confederate Rose." The
name mutiabilis, meaning changeable,
was given because the flowers open
pure white and change first to pink and
later in the day to red.
Hibiscus immutabilis is very much
like H. mutabilis in manner of growth
and shape of leaves. The seeds and
seed pods are so closely alike that it
is difficult, almost impossible to distin-
guish between them.
The flowers, however, are different,
being a rich pink when they open and
remaiining unchanged until they fade.
The stems are shrubby and more
hardy than diversifolius. Though the
buds were all swelling and many of
them had one or more young leaves,
varying in size from one-fourth to one


inch inl diameter, none were injured at
all by the cold that killed most of the
stems of diversifolius.
\V( consider them both very desirable
acquisitions.

Multiflora Roses.
I'diior hlo'ral I)Depirtment:
Two years ago when .Multitlora Ro-
ses were so, widely advertised, I sent
f1o4r a; package of tile seeds.
Within two weeks from planting, I
,lvas very proud of my "baker's dozen"
of sturdy little Rose plants and gave
I; Wi ay several to Iadllmiring friends.
\\Ihen 14:11lit six inches high, they were
lilllted inll nile'-inllcich ts with a good
rich soil (compoIIIInd of leaf mould anil
well rotted stable llanullre, and kept in
:I slihnly pi.e wliere they got tie snll
ollllIlings :1idl evenings.
l lw tllhos Itoses did grow. n11d 11how
acgerly I watchled for tie buds that
were' to apIpear within "sixty days."
''hey were catalogued as growing six-
tetnl inches high. but mine were over
four feet. and scraggly, ugly plants, so
unlike tlhe compact little shrubs, cov-
Ired with minil:tllre lRoses, that were
pictured. Three times I cut them back,
hlnt they grew out each time more
scraggly tlian before. branching all di-
rections and mostly suckers from tihe
ri',;1is. Last willter the leaves (anme
ofI anid I d(umiled them out the pots,
Ilnt found suich a ma ss of roots that
I ve'solved to give tllen another trial
ainIl Ipa1:ntd1 tihen in an out-of-the-way
Ila-c, along tihe fence. Iin a short time
they covered the ground with new
growth. growing more rapidly than in
the !oits. 'The foliage, dark green,
lrathr sImall leaves. is very pretty. The
stalks of some of the plants are red,
while others are white. I suppose the
Ibloms wild be the same, just as red
and white Cypress vines show the col-
O's of their bloonis by the difference in
i le color (if the vines.
They have been there now for over
a year and are no nearer blooming
than when tilat magic "sixty days" ex-
irted. I frequently have to cut them
back to keep them from spreading over
too iiuch ground. About a month ago.
I took the ihoe. intending to dig them
tup, but chopped them off instead, and
now they are growing just as luxuri-
antly as ever. so I will leave them for
another year.
Were it not for their manner of
growing. I think the stock would be
tiline to hbnd the Roses into, but it would
he impossible to keep the suckers
down.
Has any one ever succeeded with
lultiflora Roses? If so, won't they
please relate their experience and
show me where I have failed. I have
been much disappointed in them.. They
promised so much in the first two
nionths than I looked for more than
"nothing but leaves." They may do
well with florists, but I never knew of
any one else succeeding with them, al-
though several here have tried them.
Multiflora Roses have at least taught
mnt lnot to experiment with hothouse
noveltie.s a:s it is impossible for any-
one to succeed with them whose facil-
ities for raising flowers are limited to
a piazza and a sunny front yard.
Aunt Polly.
(It seems probable that by some mis-
take tihe writer of the above received
seed of some other variety of Roses
instead of the Multiflora she ordered.
We never tried them but once and then
failed to get a single seed to germin-
ate. But the universal report is that
they bloom easily while very small,
though but seldom within 60 days from
the time the seed was planted.-Ed.)
0
The Japanese Kudzu Vine.
We find a short account of this climb-
er in Park's Floral Magazine. It has
been offered and strongly recommended
by one firm of Southern florists. They
claim that it is the most rapid growing
vine known, therefore well adapted
for shading Isrches, covering arbors,
etc. Also that the large bean like flow-
ers are quite fragrant. The root is
perennial and hardy here even when
the tops are killed.
"Some years ago a vine of the Bean


family was introduced into this coun-
try by tlie .llpanese, known as the
.1lal:ne.se Kuilidz vine. It is a peren.
niali of ve 'ry rapd growth qullickly cov-
erl'illg its support wi tl a dense mass of
rich green foliage, Iearing clusters of
ppll'ile blossoms during the ai tulln. It
is spoken of very highly by horticultur-
ists who have tried it for covering old
trees, unsightly buildings Ianl suniier
houses., he plllint bring perennial. and
requiring only to Ile established to in-
sllre 1 lile dlispllay of foliage :all blooln
iuiillyv. il c'aIt ie prolagateld froln
seeds. :111and sv llillings become strong
viles il I\wo or tIlll're years ;ltecr they
'are, st:ll'Al. l Th. phllit Is worthy of
1ultIlIre' whl'\erer I rolllust foliage vile
is flesirahlil. N *l % Ihie entire vile
-;III without injury y Ie tI :IIni i taken
to tile rlil-iish ll;Iap IiIwhen frost cones,
Iithus plrveilting t1Ie unlltidy. appearance
oft til g iro l lsl n ill :11n1t11lln w\ lel the
leaves it4 1Illowe11 t1 o fall I atul'ally,
II is salid tlhe .l;llll.nese illake :1 starch
fronll this vine. cloth ftro tlhe sterns,
:111nd fI'oelil of 14he leaves. It is thus
useful ill an eonI llolic sense. as well
as for ornalneltal purposes."
*
Answers to Correspondents.
Indeed,% we ;ar not so well inforIled
or satisfied wihil out floral knowledge
tlihat:l Vwe have no lnlestions to ask, and
if you will kindly answer the following
I will promise mllore ill the future:
\\'hen is the proper time to plant
'I hys: litlih tllIIIIs. :nd1 what would be
th1 Ibest six varieties to set out for a
good displiv of diffl'reit color's? Can
they hel sel 111 :o 1 n1 olce ili thlt open
grlolld, or di thei y reIl'qire starting ill
tlh hlotls.? Wlhal treatmlent and soil
should lHydrangeas have to succeed in
OAll.1 0 110 o g,> o0 11 II.) I | ;.. uiln i.' i!ll
itier inll pots or ill the open ground.
I lihvVe a M:gllnolia fnscata. and a
white ipoponax. What size of shrubs
d(o tley Ilake? Will they do in a sun-
ny location? ('an t find but little de-
scriltion in the catalogues.
Aunt Polly.
Tl'e first 1questill is one that we can-
lnot answer satisfacttorily. Our own ex-
perienc'll with Chrlysanthemullnms has
11no been extensive. and that not very
favoral1le. Yet we know that in some
places in F'lorida. they have done well.
As to which are the best six varieties,
that is a question as Ilard to answer,
satisf:lctorily. as it would le to dcide
which were tlhe six most beautiful la-
dies in a city like New York. No two
lists would Ie the same.
We would prefer to set Chrysanthe-
Inunls inl the fall if possible. but if not
then. as early as possible in the spring.
Set in the open ground at once.
2. Hlydrangeas do very well here. We
hav'e only one, but a neighbor hlias a
half dozen in three different situations,
all large bushes, several years old.
Two are in a corner between two build-
ings. f:;cing north, where the sun never
strikes tllhie at all. Two are south.
wvest of the house an1l get direct rays
of till sn1 in forenoon, but partially
slhaled by a large tree in the after-
noon.
Thle other two stand in the open
ground, fully exposed to the sun, on
the border of a small artificial stream,
the overflow of a fountain.
All seem to lie about the same size
:nd apparent vigor, but the lady said
that they do best partially shaded. As
to soil they do not seem to be very
particular: any good soil viil do. but
the better it is, the stronger the
growth.
3. Magnolia fuscata makes a shrub
about ten to fifteen feet high and will
grow in silln or partial shade.
4. "\*White Opoponax." this is an Aca-
cia. ibut which species we do not know.
"'Ti' 'conliIIoii) yellow flowered Opoponax
is Acaci;l Far'nesianall. This shrub is
said to gro'w from six to Itll feet high.
It is another illustration of the uncer-
tainty of counnon names, as it is
known in various parts of the coun-


135


TIHOAT R
You can cough
yourself into
bronchitis,pneu-
monia, and con-
sumption.
Bandaging
and bundling
your throat
will do no
good.
You must give
your throat and
lungs rest and
allow the cough
wounds to heal.
There is noth-
ing so bad for a
cough as cough-
ing. Stop it by
using



AYQ64

Qh rrx
Pee0tral

Even the cough of early
consumption is cured.
And, later on, when the
disease is firmly fixed,
you can bring rest and
comfort in every case.
A 25 cent bottle will
cure new coughs and
colds; the 50 cent size is
better for settled coughs
of bronchitis and weak
lungs; the one dollar size
is more economical for
chronic cases and con-
sumption. It's the size
you should keep on hand.
All families ought to Ie on theb
watch for sudden attacks of croup
oracutelungtroubles. Everycoan-
try home in the land should keep
Cherry Pectoral constantly on and
to provide against an emergency.
.JOSIAH G. WILLIS. M.D.,
Dec 14,1898. Holland. bic.



try as "l'olionaLc.. "Opoponax." "'Cas-
sit." a:ld "IIuiisai-lie."
We have the "White Opoponax." re-
eivted from Jessamine Gardens last
y.var. They s:y of it: "Plants of thing
variety arnc nlnore dwarf than the above
sort. ulit tihe leaves and balls of white
flowers are Ilnuhe larger."
'The Cy clopedia of American IIorti-
ulllflure does inot mention any white va-
riety of A. Iarnesiana and we are un-
:11al. to d1o more than guess at its iden-
tity. We have no doubt. however, that
like t11i more common yellow species
it will stand all the sunshine of a
lFlorida snlummer.
q *
CANCER AND PILES.
There is a Sanitarium in Belleview.
Fla. whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mall. Ad-
dress,
RELLEVIEW SANITARIUM.
.r. W. Thompson. M. D.. Supt.
Belleview. Fla.
C
can'tt yon wiin one of our premiums?




estCoughSyrp. Tastes Good. 6
Lntm Soldbd s
11 lill =


.







136 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLORIDA ARBICILTBIIST.
ainlered at the post-office at DeLand. Flor-
ida, as suc.ond class matter.
F.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and PIroprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
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THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITIKlAI. ASSOCIATION.
TERMS.
One year. single subscription.... ....... $2.00
Six months, single subscription.......... 1.00
Single copy.. .................. .......... .
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tion by letter or in person. *
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Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected mantn
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All communications for intended publication
must he accompanied with real name. as a
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tribution will he regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft. Postt,,ice
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spons 0 le in case of loss. When personal
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To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper, must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their paper changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.

WEDNESDAY. IFERRIARY 27. 1M901.


Have we yet ab1anltitaneld thel supersti-
tions of our ancestors? How many
people enln with equanimity set out on
a journey or begin an important tinder.
taking on Friday? To be perfectly
logical, such people should go to bed
on Friday alnd do nothing all day long.
*0
One great secret of snalccess is to
make provision each year for failures
of some crops. lIast year : certain
grower lost oranges. IHeIIIIes. plunlts.
one-half of his strawberries. one-lhalf
of Ills corn iand his Irish potatoes. But
he hall tolbacno. grapes. sweet jiotato(s,
Japan persiilmmlonls. oats. storghlnn.
cane lanld mnullierries and lhe was con.
tent. Without a division of crops lie
might have bwen hadly crippled.
*
"I tell ye." said the old hunter, "hit's
jist the same with Injuns as hit is with
cattle. Now. there'll lie one nan raise
his cattle andl be real mean with them:
an' they'll hook an' kick an' break
fences, an' run away. Thar'll be an-
other lnan, an' hIis cattle'll be the right
kind an' come to yer when ye call
'el. I ldol't never want to know-
notlin'" nore 'lbut a ilan than the wvay
his stock acts. I ain't got a critter
but what'll come np by lit's name an'
lick yer hand."
C
A great lianuy of our orange growers
would decline to enter any growers'
organization for mutual lnefieit. lie-
cause it would cost money to lnatlittaiti
it. There are some who would not give
a dollar to build up their own interest
and establish their business on a sound
foundation, yet would not hesitate to
give $10 toward paying for a brass
band at some political pow-wow where
the only returns are a few "stale, flat
and unprofitable" platitudes, sand-
wiched in with a half pound of dirty.
greasy and half-cooked $5.00 cow.

Every horticulturist ought to plant
several mulberries, if not for himself
at least for his pigs and the birds, as
a bait to lure them from fruits he
wants himself. The mullewrry grows
with extraordinary luxuriance in good
land. A nutting set in June, has beel
known to grow over eleven feet Iwfore
the close of the season and bear a full


crolp of fruit tile following spring. Mul- true of oranges. Also oranges grown on trees with their boughs bending with
Ierries for the pigs and poultry. black- cowllenned laInd. on cotton seed meal oranges.
Ierries fllr the fatllily--this would de- or other organic applications would "'ell. I declare, Robinson." lie said
note ; gellerous providers', nothing not keer as well as those raised on at length,. "you are It lucky fellow to
snall or stingy ahout hint. pure. antiseptic cheni ianls. have so Imany oranges this year when
* they are worth from $2.25 to $2.r50 and
allegeses 'can li, kept several weeks W-'hen it is rememIl.ered that if only eve. ii or'. l'They are mighty bright
aftet": they la. ii uplilt by running a light lone ga al ear is borne upon the stalk, llnd sloth, and ot a llemish on
plow aligside and iltitnig tihet over t:ie stalks hteing fonr feet by two. ilak-' thei. You are a lucky fellow. sure."
a little: this llche'ks their growth and ing 5.445 stalks inli an acre: andl with ,i word "lua'ky" set Robinson to
their ten'deny ito split ioen, also nIakes one ear ll toh tli stalk and a hundred to thinking. The grove is on the highest
Itheli hl.eavir'. If they are uneveni iln lthe Ilushel-goixl ears will make that-- g,,rund in tle farn, about as high as
healling.l th,, Im(st aildvanled ones mnay there would be fifty-four bushells to the iay i tl Y. e t hat lo
any it the l'oittity. liel choose that ho.
Ill. lade lto stop growling anldl.wait for a''e. We do not usually get half of :tion for tt y reason, to be ex-
lthe others by living pried 1aup a little that in Florida. Every farmer can en ipt frort frost. Part of his land is
-a ll illppll Iover with at spade. llhey see how easily this result is possible svcrall fet lwier and the land de-
should I,,. illpsl toviar I l tl North so with thorough care. We allow only I S,.i stil further to valley along
tIha the silln ln1lt y inot shine on tile ilne stalk to two feet ill tlhe row. while ek mile or iore eyond. where
lieals. (In Ilhl smaie ltpincilple onions there might bie ne toi eighteen inches. I t. often hav e sharp white frosts,
Ima y he niie Ide Io s p growing and itde- Tle greatest reutisite is a perfect wlli, oli t lilt, uplndl there is none.
velop flithe bltls ly beingg rolled dows stand, wlit'lth .lan ite secured by plant- Itobinsonl was "i.ky" in selecting
ccilli tii vii ity lilirel. lig Illi exe's' of saee goodI asee and
i l 'i h ', in ll Xlss lf stei h seed, ad lIigh ground for his orallge grove.
TIhe o'i tige growers f .aii1:1 see no thinking ott. ''cunidity ill a plant is .Thel'., (). there are aboul fourteen
h.aillv ill : i1 upright tree. bulit rather ullality distinctly within lile far- ta'es of trees ini a solid lody. twenty-
prelfer IlIeil crooked anl Idwarfed; i'"n er'-s control tot be increased by coil- tive feet apart, linits of the oldest
lihtlee thie y.,oi g trees ill nu rsiery are slant sele'.tion of seetl. 'FeIunllity can Ila Iarly iteeting. aind shading nmu('h of
never slaked or Irained ill)) in any way. l'e 'contt'lledl is easily ais for'i or col- the grou'tnid by day and keeping it warm
()lOe lreasoin. for pre'ferring the low "r. tr tilt milking, or beef-mnaking ~t- iy night. It is almost like a fourteen-
tree is tllhat tlhy c-lla pii k lihe fruit tulde ill the anianals. aclre tent or awning; and according to
witlhot hilailer'. iand another reason o C well-known physical principles, the
is tlha lit'e lr.ianct's keep the ground Te -rabgras s i (Pnicn l radiiition of the heat from the ground
cool anll moist toa a: greater degree 'oil'al clear nights is greatly retarded and
1 lugoinale) is found in many places
tlan would be the calse if the tree were tgu ) is fo in may places tlw cooling is less rapid. The grove Is
in thle North. but is generally regarded
tall anl left the ground exposed to the self-plotecting in part, being so large
ias a weed.tl especially it lawns, though
sunl. As tlie t wa:rf orange tree is not a a ai especially il ln, and dense. Not only is the radiation
'raii grower, althliough it produces fruit it fors an itltportant element in mea- of heat less rapid. but cold currents
ait an1 early age. it would not le dith- flows is the second crop lr rowen hy from tlte North are kept off the or-
tutna is excellent for milk-giving ani,-
cult or expensive to cover them with Ig c- hard trees by those of the heavy pine
ittals. Bit in the South it is universal:
ia light frainework or awning of some as. But in the outh it is orsts an the live oak hammock be-
kind during fthe cold weather; and it wlin a t'otton planter salys his crop vond. All these points came into Rob-
l.loridla these ldwar : fs would bie a coll- is i t grass e means crabgrass. in 's forecast for "luck."
\e'nii'lt liasis fl, t lent or sihel protec- lnd the crop needs cultivation. This Thten, tom, the trees were planted in
tion. gass wis naturalized from Europe. thre different years-four acres first,
Ytet. as often happens in the ease of thre-nd vacant
O)ur renders should not deceive illported plants, it flourishes and tle e le t an vacat
themselves albolt Nit- Ni.taragua canal. yi'els ,eyondl the natives. lies trre. Tillh fromryear to yelr an
No doubt it will. when compllleted, le a This simotanei)s growth affords ex.' .iffe' t sedtios of e t rhent trees and
great blnelt tit to the country il general c.llent Iasturage ls well as hay of tlhe in iffeiet rand o of i-
iud nll tlilt- cott.n-growiig southh il par- tirst aiiality. if well c"'reld. ('ral grass o as t e rees, ll
son ihas part of the trees bearing full
tictlar. But it wiill noit bring at single wen trin'g il te tield I ill lnot tear eve'.ry year. though he has, by judicious
ton of goods through lour Fllor'itla sea- tie rainfall that tinlothy .~'11 without fertilizing. mostly obliterated the "off
iports tnore thail they would receive tbecomning spoiled. The exceedingly years" of the old seedling trees.
willltou tile canal. Co(tlli'erte will come thin film oaf gun which surrounds tile "Bright. smooth oranges and not a
anl go t ti th giat seallorts just as it stlm anl protects it against extran- blemnish on them." Well, yes, that is
Ilds now. It will lie positive detri- eaolls inoisture is probalily thinner or "ltcky," tooi. Usuitlly the "unlucky"
inent t flit Otrn o grower s ou rig- tinore soluble than that on timothy. so, mle,, have a lot of blemished oranges,
igl th.e Califfontia iaiges arou. that a 'wetting injures anill discolors it -reased. runstvy, small from starvation,
Ilh, ,titi.a .aksft. whBut ri is nowt ou ineh timre. But crallgrass hay cur e etc.. etc. To be sure the grove is near-
pi;ticipal nlarket. But Florida is not so without a wetting is equal to tiothy, 1. .:;I \\well fertilized, and where not,
unpatittic its to toppotose whiat will beat o superior. <.iii. I analysis 7 f
tit tile Intion. if not lerior. ('heli(enl aitnlysis the I .a's- are not so large or the oran,
0 shows that 'crablgrass hay. cured ges so Irigllt and large and free from
It is a singular fact as shown Iby the Iright. is richer in albumninoids or flesh- blenmishles. Last spring, too, Robin-
analyses of 'Professor Bernard, that the form ers, andl ill carlto-hydrates, or fat- sin ltgun his spraying campaign ear-
a.idtl in unripe fruits is diminished very forlmers than timothy or orchard grass. ly' with N sulphur solution as a preven-
little inl tlhe ripe condition (unripe 1.5 Assumling timothy to le worth $10 a tive of rust. and kept it up once a
per cent.; ripe, 1.:3). It is the great in- ton. crabgrass would Ie worth $10.40. nonlth unItil the first of October, spra.-
crease ill sugar (unripe, 4.0 per cent.; Professor Traey says that on sand ing in wet weather or dry-dry by pret-
ripe. 12.it) which neutralizes the acid which was plowedl in February he cut erence. if lhe could, but spraying any-
anu gives tie fruit sweetness. But the four crops of hIly during tlie season, hi. At ftiat, indeed, he f-ared that
nacid, despite ils low percentage, is tav'eraging tahout one1 ton -tch. Ir. ith Spraying was not liih- y.. for it
more important in giving tone and fla- 'nasey records that stalks of it exhibit- riined heavily the first.night after hb
vor than is siugart. Everybody has notic- ed in the New Orleans Exposition were ga the first spraying and the rain
edl ltie llatness of tihe tiavor of fruit, over five feet tell inches long. In the continued almost incessantly for ten
being dine doubtless to the staling of South, where there is not a superfluity days. until it was too late to spray the
thie fruit a'idst of good forage plants, the crabgrass is second tile, as he usually does. The
* an unused source of wealth. Instead authorities say that rain destroys the
The unsatisfactory experience of the of being aI curse-which it may really effect of spraying. but it appears it did
orange growers this season should not be in a plowed crol- it is I blessing not. for this and the subsequent spray-
be allowed to pass without teaching a to the farmer. ing certainly did the buine for the
lesson. The wcarin and moist conditions --is certainly did the business for the
wvhit'hi prevailed in South Florida most "Luck" in Fruit Growing. rut mites. Robinson was "lucky"
of the time will account partly for the Jones. who lives across the line in signs of rain.
rotten fruit in the boxes on arrival. Hillsborough county. only three miles .
But tile improper culture and fertil- distant, and who often passes Robin- Xaking Use of the Tourists.
izing of the fruit were more to blame, son's grove, stopped lately to purchase Not long ago there was a sudden
Sfor there were far-seeing growers some Homosassa oranges. About one. drop in eggs in the Jacksonville mar-
w hose fruit, fortified by proper fertil- quarter of the trees in the grove were met. because the tourists had not come
izing. carried il excellent shape. The fairly well loaded with fruit, chiefly forward as soon as had been expected.
.I Malassa-iilstts lloriicultural Society llonlosassas, Tangerines. Tl'rdiffs, Eggs had Heten shipped down in great
Shlis tdeciilel that apples grown in sod seedlings and grapefruit. The two lien numbers froi Tennessee and keorgia
likeep blclttrl 1lh:I apples growniU iln '1l- went Into the grove to gather tile fruit and there was a glut and prices tum-
tivated groulld. 'Tlie same would be and Joles kept lookklg hard at the, bled. Soon, however, the winter vial.








-M48


-148 THE FLORIDA A(TICTjTrTjITQ'


POWDER


Makes the food more delicious and wholesome
-oA OAKMse POWWPR CO.. NEW VOL.


HOUSEHOLD DEPARTMENT. because of a dread that they would ie
All communications or enquiries for this de- faded and ruined when washed. But
apartment should be addressed to they are now soft, light and clean, andt
the colors are faded very little, while
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, the washing was apparently very .eas-
Household Dept. Jacksonville. ily and quickly done.
____ The quilts were first wet and toen
Were put into a large wash pot wh'ch
Make Home Pleasant for the Old had been previously filled with a good
People. pealrline suds. A good fire kept the
Make home pleasant for the old fath- p t boiling an hour and I noticed that
she kept the quilts punched and Atir-
er or mother who may happen to de- red about so they would lie loosely in
pend on you for a home. They have tihe suds to allow the dirt to boil out
borne heavy burdens and are weak. well into the water.
weary and worn out with the battles Tley were then rinsed in several
Sweaters and allowed to remain all :lg,;t
of life. and their closing days should in the last rinse water which was .Irst
be filled with contentment and peace, inade into a weak brine with a handful
fre" from the pevish cares and wor- of s'llt. Al early hanging out next
ries of the household. Tench the chl- .Il.iorlling gave them all day in which to
Sdry and I observed that they were
dren that grandfather and grandmoth- Illuin on the line perfectly straight and
er should be first in all things, that the wrong side up.
best chair should always he given up The woman explained that she dIoes
to them. warmest nook by the fire re- not "rub'" quilts. because it causes liie
served for them. that their opinions 'cittl I Pl adding to lump :111d arden;:
-neitlher does she use common bar soup
are to be respected, no matter how out ;as it does not cleann well eniougoh. nor
of date they might lie. Tench the chil- holie-hmalde soap he cause it fades tle
dren to honor them. and yon will lench 'Ilors so hadly. A housekeeper, r w.ho
them to respect and hon old age is not pllysically alde to wash qnilts
them to respect 'al honiilerl thl o le
St t . 'hilvn superintend the work and have it
wherever tley mnet with it. A child loneI in this way qoito .stisfactorily.
is very like a yonng savage and has I wish very much that more of thil
no respect for age unless lIe is taught r'tille'"r of this department of the Aq.
t. ri'iulturist would give us their exper-
It. ien'ce and Inethods of doing different
We have known a home where the kinds of housework. We could all .n
aged parent xwas butt for sarcasm this way help one another very much.
and ridicule from even the smallest Floridian.
member of the, family. Her fortitude *
and resi-nnnan wnore Irneantiful. Nev. Young and Charming.
er bv any world -r siglii dlid she show T'The falct is. without doubt. an index
that hvar ca, nrt her.d hIer deo tl to the heart. therefore. if you wish to
that thir co i b,,rt her. ier de look always young and charming, he as
votion to t-.-n v-"o zn "reat that she happy as you can. Dress as well as
.ild +h:r n-r.+ -.rla direspect from your means will allow, dress become.
the ,ora nnd .-- +.... hast hours of ingly and dress modestly: give every
her i n This is attention to your underclothing.
b r "i, .; This is huit Always wear nice petticoats, so that
on. of mnr -- -"' '" that are scat- when you raise your skirts your ap-
^,n nil ^, .---.- i'" 1 n. nch things pearance may be dainty.
+ ... 'it'nsly done Wear good fitting corsets: they need
no" in n not lie expensive ones, and tney should
"1"' ; nain nev- lie removed as often as necessary.
,n-hllou Never wear soiled corsets. and1 it sel-
-i,.-r "+* -'--!- "f Q5"w so plain- dom. if ever. pays to clean them: better
,- s ^srtp con- ""''''"purcase another pair. or. better still.
as con- IavI three pairs constantly on hlind, to
Sna ... r old age. e. ie worn on alternate days. and all
,,oo- *.,l -. .I,o should be of then will be found to wear better,
ChCori-hSl n1 .... .' 'i the closing to keep clean longer and to be more
S o ^ healn time coming lalthlfnl. Never lace a corset too
Stime co g tightly. as this will push the flesh
to onh ono nt ,,i 'r '. shall last so where it should not be. and cause the
lbone --"n -r +^ will he helpless wearer's hands, face or nose to be.
and ,oerpnan+nt ,pn when it will be co'lle red and swollen. For a slight
hard to ho- t nd neglect ot woman, corsets of medium length inl
hqrd to h- t. r and neglect of front with short hips and low in the
those nearest and deanrst to us. for If bust should he worn: for a plump wo.
we have not been kind, we cannot ex- man a corset nearly the same length
peot kindness. all the way round is preferable. Let
t is. ut nntt tht old eole te corset, whether worn by a stout
It Is- hilt ntrl tha t old people woman or a slight one. nearly meet at
should fret. tfter having led a busy. the waist hut open wider a:t tlie top
useful life. on finding that these cares and bottom edge; this will keep the
must be resigned to other hands. Thle figure in trim. A stout woman should
kindest thing that can be done for them clasp her corsets from the topl down-
ward, whereas a slender woman should
is to make them forget. as far as pos- fasten her corset from the lower edge
sible. their helpless position, and give upward.
to them the respect, devotion and care Wear your hair neatly and becoming-
which is due their age and station. ly dressed: if you have very little hair.
you should, in justice to yourself, wear
Sn artificial. If the front hair is very
On Quilts. thin. an artificial fringe may be neces-
Editor fTows.ehold Tfeprtment: sary. but select one that is not heavy.
The wonderful advantage of "know- or it will not look natural: if the back
ine how" to do a thing properly was hair needs to be added to. select a
never more forcildo- impressed on my switch that matches your own in col-
mind that when a few days ago a wo- or anid in texture, and do not lave it
man who "knew how" washed some too heavy or too long.
old-fnahtoned calico quilts quite to my It is the duty of every woman to
satisfnetion. make herself as attractive as possible.
These omilts. so comfortable for mild and every one should look her best at
Florida winter covering. where both 11ll times, not alone from a motive of
blankets and heavy comforts are too self-respect, but because her friends
warm. had been waiting all summer like to think of her as pretty or dainty.


As one advances in years. to have pret-
ty and fashionable clothes It is not nec-
esslary to dress like i young girl; the
one great thing in dress is to have it
well made and well hung and liteom.
ing.--American Queen.
I '
Sentiment.
Sentiment in itself is ollc of the very
tillest of all lilnman attributes. It is
thle instinctive feeling and appreciation
for whatever is noble or tender or ex-
quisite or touching il human life. in
hI1nnn thought or in hullman action. It
is almost identical witll sympathy. and
tile i)possssion of it enables one to
enter into thle feelings of another and
to understand them. A man of senti-
lil(nt is one who recognizes not only
that wlich is superficial in what hap-
pens. liut who can look deeper down
nilI perceive the the r impulses and the
genuine emotion that lie back of what
is done or said. To lw devoid of senti-
Ilent is to lose everything that is most
beautiful in every situation. to pass
through life emotionally color-blind and
to be stone-deaf to all the exquisite
lnarmonies that pulsate through the dal-
ly life of every one of us. Without sent.
inment we ar hard without meaning it:
we are unkind witlollt ever knowing
it. nln we are guilty of a thousand
c4rudities that grate alnd jar without
o(n111 e-Vr being conscioulls of thell. Sell.
tinllnt looks far naled. It feels In-
sttinctively what is (c ingll. It molds
our speech nld modifties our manner
through its perfect feeling for tile
feeling of another. It is. therefore.
thle .soul of tnl-t. of gentleness, of kind-
ness. -N. Y. c('iiilc'ercinl-.dvertiscr.

Two Ways of Doing It.
I drovc witli my husband to our near-
est town, not long since, and. leaving
lit, aIt the principal store in the place.
lii went on to attend to some business.
.After making some purchases I sat
downI to wait Ills return. Most of the
famriers within six or eight miles deal
at tilis store. and today there were
llnl.y coming and going. My attention
was directed to tie dry goods counter.
where a pleasant faced little woman
was looking at some black dress goods.
Her illshbnnd was standing near. "Now
Sa lli." slie sid. "this stuff Is 40 cents
:i y":d and this." holding np another
picho. "is G(O cents: it's better than the
other. but I guess the 40 cent goods
will do ine." The man came and ex-
nlineld both pieces in an interested
way. a1nd said. "I think. Sallie, you'd
better take this at GA cents: you don't
often have a dress and you ought to
have a good one." The little woman
was still more pleasant looking as she
told the clerk to cut off the dress.
"Sallie." said the husband. "I'm go-
ing to buy some of those red table-
cloths."
"Snl." said she. in an undertone.
"they are henutiful: but ('an you af-
fordl it?" He smiled and had one
aVwr'a1ppd up. As they went out I said
to myself. "True enough-a good hus-
hilnd1 makes a good wife-two such
happy looking people, and love and
kindness the cause!"
My meditations were cut short by
tile entrance of another couple-a
grnff-looking man. and a pale, care-
worn woman.
"Now, hurry up. Mary." said he:
"I've no time to be foolin'."
Then Mary said she would like to
look at some cloth. She selected a
piWire thlilt suiteld her. but when that
111:111 hle rd tlhe ril'i lie objected.
"e;ct something cheaperr" he said.
"ult." said the wife. timidly. "this
is for l'om's Sunday pants."
"I don't care." said lie: "I won't pay
so much. "
So she was obliged to take an infer-
ior piece at a lower price. After pur-
chasing a few groceries the husband
said:
"Come on: I suppose you've got all
you want?"
"Yes." said she. looking wistfully
around. "but I did want some apron
gingham.
"Never mind that now." was the an-
swer: "I'mi in I hurry." and out they
went.
Ah. thought I. liere is a p(oor woman
nl:lel unlihapllpy by ia Ibrte of a man,
who never allows her the pleasure of
going shopping with a little money of
her own. She works hard, without


"Fruit"

To raise good fruit

you must have Potash.

Fecrtilizers containing

at least 8 to io o or

Potash will give best

results on fruits of all

kinds.

Write forI ou pamphilets, which slwi
Ix. in every f.lrnmer's library.
They are sent free.

GERMAN KALI WORKS,
93 Nassau St., New York.

:aniy reward. not even kind words. Ah
thiis llmust ie the kind of farmers
wives who iecoIle insane. Then
wished I were a good fairy who migh
put moneyI in her l'oket to buy al
tlose things so dear to a housekeeper'
heart.
The arrival lof imy husband arouse
lme frolln miy reveries, and when, dui
ing lly ride hole. I Ireltted niy expel
riclice, lie Ilughingly said. "Just like
woniianl to seet and hear so much.
"And." said 1. "I feel like beating the
horrid nmai. and I suppose that's lik
;i womanli. too."-Selected.
0
The Modern Ruscular Girl.
I r. Arabella Keneally continues t
object to tile extent of outdoor exe,
ciqs that Is Ibecoming collllion amen
tle young women of tile period. 81
says: "If you will compare the mu
cular young woman with what she wt
a year or two before she went into tl
business of field sports, you will '
struck with the contrast. Then hi
complexionl was sensitive and vai
able: there was a mysterious som
thing ahout her only to he describe
1is 'har1m.' Now. she is. perhaps,
gool-looking girl. Her complexion
ilossibly too strong and her glance i
unswerving andl direct. She inclines
to be spare. The mechanism of her
movements is no longer veiled by a
certain mystery of motion which gave
her formerly an air of gliding, rather
than a striding. from one place to an-
other."
Tile late Francis larkman. though
much given to exercise himself when
his health would permit of it. yet shar-
ed in tils reluctance to yield to the
otiler sex. The trouble with Dr. Kene-
ally appiiears to be, ias it was with Mr.
l'arkllan, that they had established
one standard for women, and it was
rather too violent an effort to accept
another. The athletic young woman
will prolbllly reply that, if she sacra-
fiers something in one direction, she
gains more in another, and she will
ask that a balance le struck between
the two systems in operation. To do
this fairly will perhaps require time
for the development of the latter.-
Boston Herald.

Good Manners at Home.
I'rl-tieal jokes are rarely.indulged In
by Persons of nice lp4rceptionis.j and
tensing passes the bound of good taste
when it t-eases to ble a matter of pure
fun on all sides. "From whom is your
letter?" ".What makes your eyes
red?" are interference with one
rightful privacy. A closed door sho lM
be i expected and give assurance of ,
illsion.
One who is so disloyal as to repeat
to any outsider, however intimate, any-
thing to the discredit of the family de-
serves to forfeit all family rights and
privileges.-N. Y. Telegram.

TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady. cured of her deafness and
noises in the head by Dr. Nicholson's
Artificial Ear Drums. gave $10,000 to big
Institute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may have them
free. Address 12hc. The Nceholson In-
stitute, 7n0 Eighth Avenue. New Yort.


THE FLORIDA AGRrrrrr rrrnrcr








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 1Ir


s began to iput in an appearance in
rnniumer. as expe t.ed, and eggs recov-
-red.
Now, what is Florida good for, if it
cannott raise something to sell to the
winter visitors? 'The arinosphere costs
t Itet nothing. sIIIst of the tlralisportl -
t ol lines are owned in the North. so
are many of the hotels. the hotel help
is brought down for the season iand
carried back wlen it is ended. If we
celmnot sell then food supplies we iar'
not living up to our opi|lirtluities.
Shall vwe rest c-lltent to let FIlorida
Ihe a nlere picnic ground, I dilllllpinll
p ace for tint cans whivhli tell oft siv-
ofy viiinls grown in other states .o htought here to lie consulnied' Itf there
ir4 any Niei;tl cla:: s of Iprodntlct which
'llorida is ada(ltel to Iproduce'. il is file
dblicacien which tourists w;ant: oys-
ter?. turtles iand lish; green Ip(ls :I11il
potatoes: strawberries. cutlunin'irs. 'e'l-


ery iland cauliflower. Some of tlie himrge
hotels make Ill effort to !a itronize
home industry by ordlerilng Floriil pro-
dtlctions wherever IMnssilble. For these
hotels. large quanttities oi gtvi:a jelly
are prepared: Florida oranges iare sys-
tematically ipurellised and oysters are
collected from FIl-rida water's. These
are articles which will keep for several
days or even weeks and which ean lie
laccumultted to mollle extent without
danger of loss. But perishable veg-
etables, poultry iid eggs and almost
the entire line oi imets are mainly
purchased elsewhere ian c(lonll inl (nillls
or refrigerator celrs. Now I large( pro-
portion of winter visitors are delicately
reared and Itxu:iously iiurtulredl peo-
pie. to wliom the idea of liviiig out of
calls In not attractive. Tlo say nothing
of the aesthetic incoingrulity of fI'edini
i neNts on Ce;iiinel |le:I s aind tonimatoes
in the slnllp r'lllea !'d gorgeouslness of
the Police d(e Leoli alld I le Ti'mp H.lllll'l l
hotels, it is lnot good lullsiless Illn;llag
went. that is. it will not always lie
good miilanageimenit. for at present. it
smlns out of the illestion to do ot her-
wise.
There is undeltln aly ;a j~int deai l of
difficulty In s-cur!ig a;I Inly of Iroldue-
tlon of perishiabli luxuries iln tihe ill-
mediate vicinity oif the 1:irge hotcls'ii
quanntlties sufficient to (deiimand con
mercial recognition. 3Most of the gre';l
aTravansaries atre situated iIl lo-alli-
ties where there is IImore s'cenerly aind
d mate than theI e Is 111uinus. .notlier
difficulty in that lhe tourist season, is
brlef and it rather l iticlilates thle tnilin
stmon of fruit aw'dl vegetable prodlu.--


Yet it rena:linis na I|,rtilet:iliit stiiniat
upon the state Ila:t it coi.es so near
fnisllihing tile tourists Irea;tlhing 'roomN
Sd fishing room a4n nothing else.
There -nn Ihe no lislanting tl le ploposi-
tifna that. in the lillg run. thet tourist
In Florida is Iwt er thali tlih euoniinis
msin umau ill N 'e York. The tourist
in generally i i,;i i who. ly cirl* i n
stances and rearing. is iablei to aiIre-
dlate and pay for the luxuries of I'lor-
ida production. lOnr growers oiglit to
contrlve sonmei p':n Iyv whlicl they
onuld produce wl'at the winter visitor
wants. when he wanilts it. :is lie wints
it. and endeae r t, secilne a partt of t li
wealth which he romes down here on
purpose to spend.


HEAP COLUMN

RATES-Twenty wa ,I. name and address one
week 3. cents: three weeks 50 cents.
PRIME CAS5AVA I P.tf flr sale chean dre
lvred at depot. E nEDELL, Lake Tlelen
7,9
HOW TO FREEZE ice cream without ice
No fake. Formula loc. Box 183. Del.arid
il. Stf.
BARRBD PLYM\IOTII IOCK E(iS--Fr, n
exrs. pre bred, fovlI. $1 ner seating. W.
P. KIrgBRIDU, Grove ity. Fin. 9-18


,MOOTII CAYENNE.-Pineapple plan's for
Ile. Dn OPP & WILLIAMS. St. Peter-hurl.
Florida 40X13
IAM.AICA SO()IIR plants. hv mail pi-ripani
for 2. cents per do7cn C. od sized Ilants
read n,yv. \V. S. I'lI.STON, Aubui-dale.
Fla. 15tf
FOR S I.t C' 11'P-.'OOO *0 t of ::-incl-
iron pipe in od conilitii f.r watiring
groves CIl,'1FOOIT) ORANGE CO.. ('lira.
IFla. 7. 19
"\WVHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA"-rntaitiful
kodak allum. Cloth and morocco b "eling.
('lotlh inc. mnrorcu 75e postpaid. '. 0.
1'AINT'FE & CO., DeLand, Fla. 2t
\ILLA.. LAKE NURSERIES. Frry land
Park. Lake county, Fla., offers for July
plantir.e 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
teds. For gotod stock and low price', ad
dress C. \V. FOX. Prop. 13tf
FORI SAI.E--,7 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acre
cleared. tl'e balance of the tract is in ti-lber.
addresss. I. 1. II. care Agriculturist. De
I.and, Fla.
I:UCKE'VE NITRSFRIES-Tampa. Fla. Wish
to cle.7n utp two nurseries of summer huds
in Maiion county before Jack Frost p -ts in
his work. All standard varieties of hud- one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
WA\TERI vOITK (;I>(VFS. pi -prie, an tatille fnlrniis WVrilr 11Ie CLIFFOIP OR-
A I ;F o'o ('i r:i. FIa. for prices on ;ron
pipe for irri i: tiir iliant. .xl9
\V.\NTFnD -Cnstmers for a million fruit trees
and pl:tnts for Florida planting. Or-ipes.
"-rape Fruit. Peaches. Persimmons. P'ums.
Pears. Grafted and nldded Pecans, (am-
rhor tree-. R,es. Ornamentals, etc. Cata-
ietIe free. Address. THE .RTF' INC.
PIROTI IERS manypan. Jacksonville. Ia.
41tf


BITCKrEVl: NITRSERTES--M. E. (illett.
Prop Tampa. Fla.. 40.000 Orange. T., -non
and ;rape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
npple. Tnpgerine and Grape Fruit on ;x to
n;ne v er lId a,, r stock. Trees healtl- and
vivor- ,s. No white flv. Corresponden- e so-
licited 42tt
FVOR S \.-F (:rane frnit and Orange trees .
T nrect .a1d most complete stock in the etate.
Trees inl.ded ,n either Citrus. Trif lirta
nonlh lemon. sour or sweet orange s- -ets
nTIs n,.nlitv. T. o nr;ie. Address TI-
C-.RT FIFF ;, PROTTIERS Company, Iack
sonril Fi,. 41,f
PINE P'PI.F PI,\NTS-Smooth% Cwv -.. A h-
hn a Ens-it'e rty an"rl C'lten One'a. for
sle y h T TlFFORD ORANXCE CO it a.
r'i 7719

Pe.\, 's" w nXIr il T. FOR EIVIHT
nnIT. AR--If ha- tev-isel a form fnio ind-
mill Ihbt -ann '- hbilt for atbole prct-, end
--k V.^ Pi.Mp sAw o" r.s,^n rt i.
sePmiPnorthl. anal cann hb piasjv nd On'-irkl-"
"oye' from plr,-re "o ilaee FOR onE r, f*t.
T. R T will cenrd rc n'ti Bet of h1,,e rif t
Arn ini- nanrtl fl instrulctins, whi-c will
""' '- ""* 'an,'dr m.n to hnilrl a' 'niit
.l'i a *n:" ,*It" successful nIse It v ill he
i; ,,'ilins:t :i' reClreCseteId-n cheno. Iprcti
"! rwinrls po-wer. enTnltle of ealrinp pianv
';m- it-s I,st AddresI H. M. THOMAS.
Pox 574, ppluth, Minn. 9-I2


FOR StLE-Orange trees, best varieties.
Only few hundred left. Will close them out
at low prices. 17ocup. WINTER HAVEN
NU'RSEHII'S, Winter Haven. Fla. 9x11
FOR AILE-One 13.inch. second hand one-
hor-e Morgan spailing harrow, ab' ut as
good as new. at a bargain. W. S. IIART.
Hawks Park, Fla. 9x11
Ioit SA 1E-Pine ApI)le. Orange trees. from
tIh origl. ;1I Iishop lloyt ('o's st: ck; lew
grape fruit a;i fl tnlllrines: all fre frmn
inset-t. t .. G 'AItI.TON. Pine. Fla. s-10
IN S IALL IL,.TS-l'omielo. Rough l enin
a tid ou r 4 or iuge Seeds for sale. Inquire of
oiK 21:1. MiLnli. Fla. il.'
IRRIGATIN; PLANT-- large quantity of
3-iieh black iron pi)Ie lor salecheap. C L.I -
IFR ) K ()0ANG;i CO, Citra Fla 7xt1
WANTED-A chemist. One who has had
expfrinnc( in l:indling fertilizing ma-
xterials. a state resident preferred. E. 0.
PAINTERt Jacksonville. Fla.
WANTl't l-Mairricd inan with small family
for arnmwork Stel dv emlos\meht Ior man
with co.tl- rel rene s. WINTIK HV FN
NI:KSEHRI I.S. Wincr Haven. Fia. Uill
(SISi S .\ I \ '< i I il.l ETS at Iosccroft. NI. E.
Tel'n lyck. )clandl. Fla. 5x17
\ RI'T1 I" J. 1). Bell, St. Petersburg. iFa..
fir lpiealep'] p.lants. 2ti
CASSAVA\ ROI ('TS \VANTlED-Anv one
lhavinKg c.ass:iva roots 'eady for delivery
\vi;ihi tih next sixty days please ad-
!.- ,. I t. I WAIDELL, Sec and Treas
. a, i! ilI-, Mfg. Co., DeLand, Fla. Terms
t'ASi on delivery. Gx9.
IRON P'IIING, !or irrigating puipos s. in
first class condition, for sale cheap ( LIF-
FORD ORANtGE C i C) itra. Ila. 7.i 9
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
ville, Fla. 10x31-01
FOR S.\L.1-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 271. Orlando, Fla. 2t
CASSAVA SEED FOR SALE-Purchaser
may bid on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood. Fla.
43tf.


CHICAGO. NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS.


ST. PAUL.


PORTE BROS. CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re-
ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER lIt'>l. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables Il managiemenit to select the most desirable markets.

NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
st 4 EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES should g
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO.. CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencils, Madct Quota-
tions, and General Instructions for shipping Florida products supplied from the Jacksonvawf office


SPRAY PUMPS.

Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank.............. 12 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
ML gal. galvanized iron tank.. 700
Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
SBarrel Spray Pump, com-
W : plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc............... 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc.................. 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
complete 28.00
Insecticides: Lime. Sulphate of Cop-
per (Bijestone), Sulphur. etc.
Pine and Bangor Orage Bozex,
Shaved Brceh Hoops. freah Ore
X 1 ed Hoops, laluUh and Oolore
Orange Wraps, Cement Coated B3x
Nails. Pinauple. Bean. Caata.oupo,
Cabbage and other Crates Tomato
Ca rier Lettuce Bi kets. it.
Imperial Plows and Cultivators. eta.
sCatalo,.ue a.d rice hsta on appll-
cation.
E BEAN,
Jacksonville. Fla.
Room Is Robinson Bldg.

We have a full supply of
all the best varieties of Or-
==anges Pomelos, Kumquats,
Setc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. Gan show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.


GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,
(. L. TABER, Proprietor,


Glen St. Mary,


SFlorida.


TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.

ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
FOLIATA.
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotos, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FRUITLAND NURSERIES. P. J. BERCKMANSCO, Austa. .
e.O^ Establishcd 1856.d4si4



FOR SUMMER AND.FALL
PLANTING

THE GRIFFIN BROTHER'S CO.,
S E E Jecaville. Pla.

THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets. Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans. etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.

Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
application. Address
plants, fancy poultry. etc. Orange T aH p ORIFFINO BROTHER'S CO,,
Rod grape fruit trees a specialty.,. JIiiaseavll, Fil,


CONSIGN ORANGES TO



PORTER BROS. CO.,

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.

FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.

CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $2so,ooo.oo.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


POTURY AID RABRE DEPA T- castlee Silver Spangled Hamburgs; Eli
ENT. 1. IButler. two coops White Plymouth
All communications or enquiries for this de Roc'ks: ()Okdale Poultry Farm, three
apartment should be addressed to 'cops Him' i barred Plymouth Rocks,
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, strains.
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla. Ti''''' e:st '0roo41 was chiefly devoted
to lith 'et stock feature of the show.
(Ile O o P lt ow ne ofr 11(i chief attractions here was
Trhe Orlando Poultry Show. .1 i. I. I'fifer's great St. Bernard dlog,
rlhe first aunntal loltry and pet Iliniiond. lie is of the finest lineage,
stock show of te ll()rlaudo Poulltry I,eilng t111 son *f llerlno and Berry. two
Association has been held and is on ,f the ilos f;:lllous St. Bernards inl
all hands pronounced a great success. thel wvo.rl. D)ianlnd, was a great fa-
That similar exhibitions will henceforth v,.rite with the children.
be given each year goes without say- I. II. ,Lo.khirt and Tomn Walker had
ing. The show wVas operated on tile l il i xilii,,ll n <;i ge of tinu bantams
ground dloor of till Iig vacant building .111 :.l,)1 -ontaining a C, h)ines.e bull
It, tile corner of Pine and (Court streets .dog :Ind it ,.n litl, I lda:k an1 till.
on Wednesday lniriiing. and (m:llne to a .. *I'. nl ward I 'llose last evelling. It is safe to say lSe thelrated Ielgian hares, and M.
tht lit show wa.4 vis ited at least on01e i. lh'] swei, l folr pups, cross-bred
by every nlan. woman aull child in Oir- fox h. 'rivTil :4llt] Me.1xicann.
land. not to mention large numb ers of iree .,., of lagni ificent ralbitsl
lIople who aenllo from all over tie from the li r 41rhdo hbbllitry occupied a
county. People who have visited the Iproinllt position.
big poultry slows ill Madison Square (,lt, of 1r ll IIIot illter'esting features
(arden. New York City, declare that i,, II,,. s .. l one, tll ht aittral.tedl
the Orlando show. though onl a smaller lllh.I :,Ill,,lli 54'lle. WrAS nlt It,' 1n iiitercstillig.
scale. was quite as interesting. l ,d on xhiition, by Iv M. E. Closer
The two roonis were continuallyy ,l ti4l 4 P14wilei Poultry Farm. This
tlhroingt' thronllghut both days .by al- I ll.1ill, I:ll.'h4.s 4ll chicks wi.lholt
Iliring visitors he, poultry a ls 4 X "" 4 I. ':ist .0,1 frn t1 ti'e 'en. The lien
hibited chiefly il tle mainly. or west lo i-. v : lld lthere her reslonsi-
rooml. while tile east rl'too was ldevold V 1%. cld. T ,' old conundrnl ;I. 1
principally to pet stock. In all there ;, n(' ol t c hidk-
iciwere illl to lMdi Studk. III 1 thirds ;, \hich is e ,l mother of the chick-
were abou tlitN i iViduli lli e ibit. 'oI it' In fl:iat :lays the eggs or the
Trle birds and animals aplpear.ed to t a h' tiles theill--don't go lere.
elnljOy the show ilnite as well :aIs the T1ill, ,la,.hill,' Ioldl)s ,ggs aInd baiitchl
people. Tlhey It p.'.d a d.14 str'lttel I )olt '8,,s l,|'no il l ;.s. 2 ;tile'.,' nl ieht.
proudly exhiitii lt their l ,e f. ealli'ers I,1" lin4 ais ft ,er lthe cliks pick
an1d curiously eyein ilg te crowd. I tll;:l way. ito ,it world' they arte giv-
wouldh Ih intere-ting to knlow what ,t 4, tod tre l.'oviding for their
they thought of Is all. and it is a pity w in i thal direction. They are ge1-
they cannot nw.:1d prizes for the latest :,:lI : i lively as any otIher chicks,
lpe'inens of tl'e hn11an rl(e that lIt s- loe, :1 good deal. nd tile
thronged ablot IIthe coopsTh. 'e llccks lnilIiti,:ltd think tiey are dead. It
crowed defiantly and the hens rubber- \\ fllnll sigllt to s(ee tile little fel-
lnecked to see w att sort of finery their I,..,s pi.kili;g thiir way out of the
sisters in neighl oring c ops affected. :' (11,s :'id thel learning to walk. Af-
The saucy little l.:;ntamns anI hle:utiful- r1 trll', ee, or for days they are remov-
ly marked enabrights were particularly ,41 ,t, t1,. ,rI,.0lers. which are simply
Interesting. In nearly every variety ilalloIv trays, with chicken wire tun-
there were specimens whose points or 1ing ,;4 ti sides. The chicks fall to
excellence could e exceeded nowhere si':ltilin in the sawdust as naturally
In the country. It Is doubtful if one 13. .li,-knl that ever ruined a flow-
person out of a hundred who visited ,,r b ,1d. a:nd ibgin to cat and drink.
the show had aniy idea tlat such vll- with Iprier attention, tie percentage
alable birds were rea Iml ill and 1 about ,or Ios of .4hi-kens is lower than by
Orlando. Therefore tlhe show hns ti, h 11 nt,,t.d of hen-hatching. All
proven a valuable educator, having l,,wls are Ihilt,,id Tiy lnli.lline at the
vastly increased public interest in the (iakI|:al, Farm. Mr. 'louser so timeed
Important poultry industry. Iis milatll4ine tlhait the hatching would
The largest individual exhibit was 1e ill ,lprog, ss during the show, anll hit
that of the Standard Poultry Farm. it just righl. ( rl:ndo. Sentinel-RHport-
It consisted of 2.1 coops containing the o,.
following varieties: White Plymouth
Rt(oks. White Indian G;ames. Golden *
Seabright Bantams. Speckled Guin- Quality of the Flock.
eas. Black Minonra. White Leghorns. Most 1'frnni.rs would lie surprised at
BrowVn L.egllorls, iWhite Holland tl, diffeT'-vllcre if they could e14 pre-
con'ks and hell .igt Bnils. Blgct rilll k Viildl I upo to kill off their pr:'selnt
Lallgan (GolIden4 Penciled Ilam- dung-hill stock. keeping only : few
burga, Barred Plyinoutlh Roclks. White sittelrs forl next selaiso4. and start next
Wyandottes. Pit (Ganles. White I'ac'd spring 1by lordlring eggs at five dollars
Black Spanish. Cornish Indian n1alnes, a idozen rroi r Rhode Island 1-ls. Buff leghorns. I ,-wing lth1ir lhick. O)1ne year's experi-
Buff ('och-linl. IllIlrial Pekin IDucks. inu'lt wo-illi satisfy tlhel that the out-
Buff, Bronze an1d Black Turkeys. This lay for eggs ',r the two or three dol-
big exhibit c 'ru'1lit4 tlihe center of the Ilars fo:" ;I (-llhiolc- mI1le: bIird to Ibrled
main rooml and -onstitluted :; inagni- f'om wol 1il rIli1turn thlll tile first sea-
hicent display of fowls. sun on1 dllllllred !)er u.ent. ilo tllh% in-
At the east (enll of tlhe room was vestlmenlt. Ti'h inlerosed consunmtion
the exhibit of R. Winterr. consisting oof rf Ipol1:y 3:Iult: l < aggs Is articles of diet
two coops of Black Miltor.as. a:Id 11 )o11e Ile'llstraItl tie importance of this
each Silver Laf d Wyandottes. White lorancli of the' productive industries of
and Brown ILeglor.lls. In tis section 11l,' country. ynow fully elualing tile
Is~le A. Hollpr exhibited fine snleci- lluti ll consu1mplllltion of tile people: and
Ilenu of Cornish ludian alliese. and 11 is Ihli,\ve'd iy I Imany tlai tile lealtlh
Willial i EdwardA hadl to show Barrel land wofll-ling rf our people would.
Plymouth Ro'ks. Young TonI turkeys froln 4 sa iliiI.4ry nlhint of view. be vast-
and Pekin drake:s. ly imll4rov4d 41 by the substitution of
On the south side were tlles ex- I'1re1' :1lggs Ii4l ltlry 1t the exclusion
hibits: By A. A. Marsh. Black Minor- of !,,rk :is ; ge'l.r;il article of diet,
cas. among them the famous 4cok while poultry ;!14 :te produced at less
Admiral Jouette: by B. L. Dean. Pit ",ost. -F-:l:,nl andl Fireside.
Games: H. Frie(ilander. White Ply- *
mouth Rocks. Barred Plymouth Rocks; Cut Bone as a Change.
Vernon Poultry !'arm. two c(ops enor- 'Cut 1rolln tvi mouse Barred P'-mouth Rocks: C. E. wlire tl, 11 thirds have a variety. If
McDowell. a c-<>p of very pert and '.orn 1;1d i\\;heat are used it should lie
pretty Seabright Bantams: L. D. Steb- ivfvell at I' ast three times ia week.
bins. Mammoth :ronze turkeys: M. I). Whin1 fo, wls i ejct grain it indicates
Dovel. Bantams and Buff Cochin hen. tli.lt tlhey l;1:\- been fed too highly. It
On the north -de the exhibit of the is not llevcsslary to feed cut bone more
Ivanhoe Poultry Farm was the larg- k;l'an ,ince or t wice a week where the
est. consisting of White Indian Games. hirds are on ; range. Chopped cover
Buff Cochin cc kerel. White Minor- -'.l til nilay. he given every other day,
cas. Buff Cochins and White Leg- ;i'tc:--n'ting, with cut hone. Chopped
horns. Other exh.hits were R. M3 Hud- w\. t:lllhs will not serve as a substi-
on,l saucy-looking Cornish Indian title f4r clover. lit will answerr well
Games; A. G. Aldrich. White Ieghorl. :Is a paIrti:al substitute if sprinkled with
A. Yates, very pretty Silver Seallrigll 1h:i1n. 11iv of anly kind that is fine
Bantams, three (oops Wyandottes. Pe- lct w'44n youngg. and scalded will be
kin ducks; II. A. collins, Barred Ply- rilislid lby the poultry in the winter
mouth Rocks; J. W. Matchett, Pine sezason.-Exchange.


TO WHOl1iM IT MAY CONCEiN.
I1aving handled horses for 240 years.
I will say that I never used anything
like Sloan's Liniment for rlieumatisnm
or cordls :land all stiffness of the joints,
it works quickly anid does tile work
well. I ha11 Il hors1 e who got a nail
in his foot and was dead lame; I tried
everything without Illu-n success, un-
til Mr. Killings told ne to try Sloan's
I.inimlent. I thought a: bottle and usea
it. ihe Liniment was so penetrating
tlbat in one dav the horse was much
Ibtter, and hlai entirely recovered be.
fore the end of two weeks.
(Signel. .1. L'. Russell.
Charge of lDialuiond Alatch Co's. horses.
Atlhol. Mass.
*
EX-GOVERNOR OF MISSISSIPPI
TESTIFIES TO THE MERITS OF
SLOAN'S LINIMENT.
.I:ck.son. Miss., May 5. 1900.
Dr. Earl Slon. Boston, Mass..
Dear Sir:-Some months since your
traveling agent. Col. J. L. Collins.
presented to me a .few sample bottles
of your linilent, insisting that I give
it a fair trial when occasion might de-
mand. Since that time several instan-
ces with tenants on my plantation re-
quiring a remedy of this kind turned
up. aud must say with candor it act-
ed like a charm and was perfectly
marvelous in its effects. I am sure that
it is a remedy that fully merits all that
is claimed for it. and I cheerfully re-
commend it to all people suffering with
any complaint requiring antiseptic.
(Signed) Robert Lowry,
Ex-Governor of Mississippi.

IDon't wait for times to imllrove; a
well planned advertising campaign can
make them Improve.


AT A

Special Bargain
ON EASY TERMS.
Several fine bearing orange and
grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
fifteen to twenty-five per cent on In-
vestment this year.

Lyle & Co., .Brtow, Fa.


TOBACCO DUST.
If your fowls are troubled with lice
or jiggers. send $1.25 and get 110
pounds of tobacco dust and srtinkle
it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
anteed to be unleashed. Ftud 2 cent
tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Co.,
.facksonllile. Fla.


I- 1PA1 GE

Lots of Farmers
uoe PAGE Pnultrr Fence for all kinds of stc kf
likeltfrst-rate. It I s stronand heavy.
PAGHEK Io trU WRIkIF VV.t O.. iDKIAN.ICK3.


AGENTS WANTED.

We would like to secure an
agent in every town and ham-
let in Florida. Write at once.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
Jacksonville, Fla.

Can't you win one of our premium?


DR. SILOAN'S IJNIMENT
Is universally conceded to be one of
the best all-round preparations ever
put on the market. On account of its I
antiseptic and marvelous penetrating.
properties it will be found to le Inval-.
u:ille :is a family linimlent inl cases of i IN EVEY CLM
stiff sore alnd swollen joints, as well SUPERIORY
as all aches. strains, pains or sprains. TO TaE SUPERIOlY O
Its ilse, il the stable has met with the UEN DU iN' ED
liighest su-ccess. It is a wonderful l ULl
remedy for the cure of lameness, swol- talogue of
len joints, cuts. kicks, and sprains onr 19 Catalogue of
horses. lDr. Sloan has published a Everything'ti. arden
4most interesting book entitled A Trea- is a page beek, 9xll cm.he, cl..i
tise on tile IlI'rse. This look will be over o enzrvilp u l 8a m sa b lmdg
found valuale 1to anyone owning platesofVegetablesandFlowers-aperfect
horses, and thlos interested should mine of information on garden topics.
write a letter to IDr. Earl S. Sloan, To e our Catalogue the largest posse
Boston. Mass.. asking for a copy, tribute. we make the foowig liberal offer:
which will lei sent free if thle Florida Every Empty Envelope
Agriculturist is mentioned. Every Empty Envelope
-- Counts as Cash.
'TO WIIONM I' MAY ('CONCERN. To every one who will state where this
About three years ago I was in lIed advertisementwasseen,andwhoincloses
for tlree months with intallIllum:tory us 1 Ceat (in stamps), we will mail the
rl'lnnlatisin. I 1sed different remedies Catalogue, and also send, free .1 charll
wiitlhot receiving Imuclh lnefit from our famous 56-ct -*Osdea Celecal
tem. At st us Sloans Liniment of seeds, containing one packet each of
Jubilee Phblox, Giant Vic.toria Aster, Giant Pay
andl it lcted so quickly and lIneticial- Pasiy. Pink Plume Celery. Mignonette Lettue
ly. thalt I was up lnd aroundtl ill a very and Lorlllarn Tomato. in a red avelpe,
short tinae. which when emptied and returned will be
I consider tlllt it ldil ume more good accepted ass 25-est cash ayest on any
thall llny remedy that 1 ever used. I order of goods selected from Catalogue
have not lad11 rheumatism since, and to the amount of Si.oo and upward.
have found it to lie the1 best all-iCund
'lorse Liniment in the inarket. ,Irj,
ISignled). Vernon Slaylle. l wi E
A. igenta Stock Y1ar'ds. 35 & 37 Cortlandt Steet, New York
Argnl'ta. Ark., l"eb. 4th, 19)1.

(hia'1go. Ill.. Oct. 1l6, IMIN). HENS' TEETH OEROUsD OS.
IDr. Earl S. Sloall, Boston. Mass..
le'air Sir:-Sin-e "lIl'" I have dealt To properly digest its food the fowl
cl tensively in horseflesh and have had must have grit. What teeth are to the
my nups) and downs, mostly downs for human being grit is to the fowl. We
six years. I wias a pretty heavy loser can now furnish ground oyster shells.
especially oin my Special Delivery from freshly opened oysters, from
Wagons. I hlt:d a doctor in lly barn which all the dust and dirt has been
continually ill Septnemllr, "'".>.." Mr. screened, to supply this grit which I1
Wright. your (hicago agent, called on lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
mIle and persuadied mIe to buy some of Goods very inferior to ours and full
your I.iniment and Colic Cure. I used of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
thin with excellent results. After- $1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
sards bit ought solme Pinkeye Chill and offer it at
l'Fvesr IRemedly, also some Worm and 100 Ib bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonvlll
Tonic Powders, alnd have found that E. O. PAINTER & Co.. Jackson
all of your remedies will do what you Fla.
claim for them. I would not be with- Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
out them ill my bIlrn and I 4.mn not on- tilirers and dealers in all kinds of Per-
ly glad but feel ir miy duty fo cheerful- utilizing Materials
ly recommend your Remedies to every-
onei who deals in horses.
Yours very sincerely, FOR SALE
II. Vandenbergh.


>i '










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


ARMENIA'S RAG-CARPET.

"We can't afford it," said grandma,
resignedly. "Why. n carpet at 60 cents
a yard would come to-how much,
Tom?"
"Wouldn't it depend somewhat upon
the number of yards. grandma?" sug-
gested Toni. who was putting on his
wrent count il tnhe hall.
"WVe'l. c five ibrcaiths of a yard
"''. e"r'' "i v:"Y;-1 lIngL." said grand-
I 1 s.ness tone.
".A (':epet (f tive yards square-25
yards, at i!" cent, per yard-$15," an-
nounced Tom. promptly.
Grandma looked rp at him admiring-
ly through her glasses.
"It's a good thing to have a head for
figures. As for me. I never could put
two and two together. But we'll have
to give up that carpet. I'm afraid,
though it's a great bargain. Mrs.
Hackett gave full $30 for it. and had
It only one year. shut up in her. parlor
where it was scarcely trod upon. I'd
like to get it for John's wife's room;
but we've too many other uses for
money just now."
"What a pity!" said Lizzie, who was
sitting on the window-sill. dangling
one foot just above the floor. "Tlhe
room will look so hare nnd noiufort-
less without a carpet, and .lohn is so
anxious to have everything nice for
Alice."
"Wouldn't the parlor carpet do?" in-
quired Tom. demurely. "I heard you
say it was getting too shabby for the
company room."
"No. it wouldn't do at all." answered
Lizzie. sharply. "flow would the par-
lor look with a bare floor at Thanks-
giving and Christmas?"
"And Sunday evenings," said I, in-
dignantly.
"Oh." said Tom. brushing his hat,
"I had forgotten that. No. certainly.
Young Mr. Smith wouldn't find it com-
fortable; nor the doctor either. They
might be afraid of catching cold, and
go away early."
"I think I hear the stage. Tom."
said Lizzie. leaning a flushed face from
the open window.
Tom kissed us all around, and went
out with his valise to Ieet tile stage.
He was a drunminer to tlie biggest man-
ufacturing firm in the town and was
always coming and going.
Tom would he back in six w(eeks-
in time to meet .lohnl and his wife, on
their arrival at the old homestead.
John was making a good match. alnd
he and his wife were to stay with us
all whiter, while his own ioulse was
being built, about a mile distant, and
we were all anxious to have everything
nice for Alice.
Liz and I. waving Tom a last adieu
from the porch, returned to the sitting-
room.
Cousin Armenin had laid aside her
knitting .inI, ea:ted in a low chair in
front of ra'' iTP. a "is leaning forward
and tal' ins v t that keen light in
her grey '* '!cli always bespoke
some new ii'ia or a'nspiration.
"Yon Pee rnt Dorothy, wouldd be
lheer e'tra"- :elln e to give $15 for a
carpet for a bedroom. Now, when I
was a girl. I made two splendid rag-
carpets: and thonrh it's twenty years
ago, I've not forgotten how to do it.
Suppose I jest set to work and make
one for John's wife's room?"
"A rag-carpet?" said Lizzie, disdain.
fully.
"Yes. child, a rng-carpet. If 'twas
called by some highi-sounding name, I
suppose foll s wou'd like it better. II
-Alice is the right sort. she won't turn
up her nose at a r g-carpet. 'specially
if it's new and hIrbl-ht. A rag-carpet
can he made to lootl handsome; and,
anyway, it's better than none."
"But where will you find the mater.
ial?"
"Oh, I'll be bound to find rags
enough! There's plenty of old clothes
hanging in the garret, and the rag-
chest and scrap-bag are full; and the
neighbors won't begrudge me what old
. scraps they have no use for."
Grandma looked doubtful. and Liz.
zle a little scornful: but Cousin Ar-
menia seemed quite elated over her
idea. And being one of those active
and determined spirits who lose ne
time in carrying out a plan as soon as
it is conceived, we were not surprised
to find her. next day. already Pt work
upon her proposed carpet,


First she visited the attic and over-
hauled the big rag-chest, and exam-
ined all the half-worn and cast-off
clothing hanging alout. Then she
went over the whole house and ran-
sacked every box and closet for any-
thing that could be appropriated to her
work.
The next few days were spent in
washing aind freshening up the various
articles. and in ripping and tearing
their into shreds, which were then
rolled into great balls, according to
their color.
All tile rag-carpets that I lid seen
were woven in a mixed medley of col- I
ors. without order or arrangement; bIut
Cousin Armenia showed herself pos-i
sessed of an artist's eye and an alestii-
tic soul.
"The browns and grays and all the
other neutral tints." she said. winding
her strips about an old ironing-board
in the attic to illustrate her pattern,
"are to make up the ground color.
Then come red and blue stripes; be-
cause. you see, one always has most of
those two colors: and in the middle of
each a narrow stripe of green and yel-
low. which are skeerce colors to get.
I'd like a little purple: lbut that's what
you hardly ever come a-ross."
"If you could get the purple." I said,
"you would have all the colors of thel
rainbow. and one would call your camr-
pet the Iris pattern."
She appeared struck with tliis idenl.
"To ibe sure. there's my old purple
merino, which I'd had an idea of inlak-
ilg over for a Sulnday school dress for
little Kitty Leary. But I dare say a
new calico would do as well. 'alico is
only six to eight cents a yard; and.
anyway. charity ought to legin at
home."
That evening sile came down. cov-
ered with dust and hits of thread. just
in time to tidy herself for supper.
[Deacon Hultchings had come in to
see grandmlla on some business matter,
and at table grandma apologized for
the absence of hot cakes. on the plea
of Cousin Armenia's pre-oculpation
with her carpet.
"A rag-carpet. elh?" said tile deacon,
with interest. "Well. my another used
to be a great hand on rag-carpet ; but
selince her day they seem pretty nigli
to ha' died out. Seems to ime winilmele
ain't as keerful and saving nowadays
as they used to be. Now. if I ever get
married." lie said. with his dry smile,
"I'll expect Mrs. IDeacon to make til
rag-ca:lrSet tile first thing a'niost."
"Then don't ask Susie for Iue. please.
deacon." said Lizzie. archly: "for \we
Ithl late rag-carlits-they're so ugly."
"You won't think so when you've
seeln mine." said Cousin Arlmenia. with
a confident nod: "and anyway, it'll
save $1.5 out o' notliing. andl that's a
consideration.
Tho deacon looked approvingly at
tel womalill who could make $ 1.T out of
noting. lie was ia good man. general-
ly liked and respected. built bore til
character of beilng rather "closer" than
tlierte was any necessity for. seeing
that lie was well off. and with no famn-
Sily to suplprt-for the deacon was a
Ibachelor.
SWhlien Cousin Armenia had used lup
all her material she discovered to het
Sdismay that at least one-third more
was required. So she went again over
tile house, collecting everything before
rejected that could be made available.
SColored hose and corsets were pressed
into service-bits formerly considered
Stood small were carefully collected and
stitched together. The very rag-han
itsef, when emptied. was seized upon:
and even grandma's old red flallncl
dusting-rag did not escape. The rag-
carpet became a standing joke with
us.
"There's a pair of leather shoe
Strings for your carpet, Armeny."
grandpa would observe, drily, "and
Some raveled rope ends in the barn, it
You're a mind to have 'em."
But Cousin Armenia's soul was not
Sto be put down by sarcasm, any more
than it had been dismayed by difficul-
ties. The carpet progressed, and about
the same time Lizzie and I began to
discover various articles of our cloth.
ing missing, which upon rigid invest.
gation were found reduced to strips
in Cousin Armenia's carpet bag balls.
SAniong other things were the green
lining of a .ashimere skirt-green ieing
one of tlie "skeerce" colors; a Turkey-
red curtain! which was to have been


, AWKEYEgG
H*i WMAGWTWIL STUM


MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
Plaaselgelr Servle.
To make clo,. o onnec-
Floridalions Wt steame -leave
NewV York. Jacksonville (Tnl, de-
polt Thursdlays 102, m.,
Phila= (.~ A. L.. IRy.) or Fer. .n-
ditna I::1 p. m.. via. Ct n-
delphia h.rland stleaniler: e. n's
r o ~q lneIuor "all raile v.


alOSys em allil 7:45 p. it.,
Boston ,-ir.-I" ..r....wi,-k 11:40 p.m
| ,; ,.s'ii) 's. r oin arrival go.
Fromn Brunswick ihru,.t to -lag dirvCi ly aloar(d: team-
New York. er

I'lPROPOSEDl S.AII.INS FOR FE ItI A\ltY ANID MARCII, 1901.
NORTH BOUND-IBRUNSWICK. GA., DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVER
FRIDAY 4S FOLLOWS:
R. S. COLORADO .. .. .. .. ...... ......... ..... ... February 15
S. S. RIO GRANDE .... ...... ........................ February 22
S. S. COLORADO .. ........................... ...... ...... March 1
S. S. RIO GRANDE...... .. ........ ............ March 8
For lowest rates. reservations and rull information apply to
A. W. IPYIE. Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
J. S. Raymond. Agent Brunswick. Ga.
C. IT. MALLORY & CO.. General Agen ta. I'ler 21. 1 R.. New York.


SLOAN'S LINIMENT

THE BEST ANTI.
SEPTIC USED
AND THE
GREAT FRIEND
TO
MAN OR BE AST.
I' netral es quick. Stops
Pain at once.

RHEUMATISM OR
CRAMP
WILL NOT STAY.
Fonamily size .. Be_
Ilorse sizes. ,0 and $1

Sloan's Pinkeye Fever and Distemper Cure.

SAVES YOUR HORSES AND MULES-IS SURE CURE.
For Acclimating Green Horses and alltlorse Fevers. Cures nflam-













26 doses and good glass syringe in package $1.oo.



Warranted to cure if taken in time or money refunded.

Sold and guaranteed by all druggists and dealers.


PRDPARDD 2' ?


1DR. EAThRL


BOSTON,


140


S. SLOATN,


Pornerl'y of st. Lou s, mo.

A* 4 aMZ 9 V. 5. A.


___












THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 141


mended. and done duty in Tonm's room..
and a pair of "grandpll 's t'rouse'rs."
which, lough not yet .ondllemned to
lie iltt :. Cousill Arme'niaii hlid pro-"
ilnonced entirely too sialhhy for fur-
tl-er weav;. nI1. id so utilized il her o111-
niv-.-ous carpet.
Glrallndp saili little illt. as Igr:nd-
Ilia informed I.s in tnblfilence, be-amen
'very llat'itii-lir in lpultting away his
eClothes. nd instead of leavinlig hlis coat
I uillIgilng It'hlld tlle. entry door or over
I chair :it ng!it, alwayss carefully (I -
posited it belliid his lhot or under his
pillow.




illi'n leet I rag-tags. Miss Arnienly." lie
lenailked ill his slow way.
"Yes. I lii.Ike 1a int of tiive" thrl'w-
ill' away anything tlia it cn lie pll ut1 a
luse." she ir.l'et nliel., 4-opllilic ll tly. "llut
I'n i dreIdfl s.rilpedt for rags eouIvgh
toIll lillishi off lily cii'rpt' in time. Meh-
I-. deneaoll, yill haven't any old vest or
sulllh that yolu'dl le glail to get rid orf,
ellT"
Tlhe dean said he'd look. and the

silk nekties an iil lorklt i Indkerchiefs.

have been found. s:ive that which lit

pole to scare tlie -crows with."
WVe Ilughedli at tii idea of a si lk car-
wpet: but :Cousin Armiiia. wilitout a
word. carefully ililc'n'rpori'atdl themll in
lher work.
After this slie llInvlsl'4e thll village,
importuning her friends I'or "old
clothes." and the tailors and dress.-
mlnkers for selvages.
SAnd so iin lille. to tle relief of every-
lxldy iconlerned. a sufficient quantity
of "material" had bIeen provided. andl
tie :carpet was sent to he woven at a
neighlloring farm house.
teantinme. we lald Ileel bulisied ill
other preparations for .oh li and hiis
bride. and when these were all cotll-
pleted. nothing reinained save ito put
down ('ousin Arnienii'. new carpet.
"riizzie and I rode with her to the
farml'lhouse to get it. and o"n s!ee1ing it.
had to acknowledge tliat it wias as
ltnealr pIretty ais i rag-clarpeltt -oul lie.
Still it walS ugly. fotr hilw iaili ai 1ag-
carpet lite niade to look like aiiytliiini
bullt icollrse anid 1 i-tllllll ln?
We sipent thliat night at1t a friend's inl
the country: atnd next illorning return'll-
Ing home. Cousin Ar.\metni trilmplhant-
ly ordered her carpet tio be carried up
to ".ohlin's wife's room.''
Lizzie i4nd I followed. I opened the
door and stolppedl short at sight of a
pretty. bright-colored. three-ply car-
pet lying il the middle of tlit floor.
"Why. it's Mrs. I:ackett's ia'rpet, "
Lizzie excainimed: "tlie very one lilat
we wanted to huy when she broke iup
housekeeping."
"Yes,." said grandin ai little 111du-
bhiously. -coining uip behind us, it
seems that Torin. whlil lie heard ]how
nlch111 we wanted it. that day that lie
went away. stopped at the Bradhleys'
and told AIf to get it for him. and Alf
never thought of doing anything liut
keeping it until Toml canl e back. I heli
dil yesterday. just after you hlft. Here
lhe is now." as Tom :lame llonndinlg up
stairs. three steps at a time.
Lizzie and I spring to llee'tt him. but
Cousin Armenia received llis greeting
with the air of al deeply injured andl
indignant person.
"1 4tdi'1t rsee no141 use of lthaving two
carpets in one iroo1." slie presently re-
marked. coldly.
And Tom llad to explain how lie liad
not had time to naike up l his niind
nltint the purchase tof tlle crlpet until
lie had netulally driven off in lthe stage-
eoach. when stopping alt tlhe lradleys'.
the haid arranged with Alfred to get it
for hitu. buit forgot to say t lit it nitll.t
lie sent to grandtllpa's. And as for
(Cousin Arlnenial's calrlpet, lie wan il-
nloelnt of its existenlie, nothilng having
ever beell s4lhd to his" ah110t it.
"Well." said Cousin Armenii. "I've
lhad all lily pills iand lor for niothling.
The ildea." sllie added. ilndignantly--
"tlle idea of spending $1.31 dollars onl a
Iredl-roomi carpet. when one just .a ser-
vi eabnle tcoul lp Ilbad for lnothlling!"
and sihe looked proudly at lier work.
"For nothing. Cousin Alrnenia?" in.
Fluired Torm.
"For skeercely anything. The weav-


ing did cost loutt four dollars; but
that don't count."
"A.\l t1:i threll' for the woof?" sug-
-ested Tolm.
"'Well. Iat might Ie a few dollars
1 e," shel admllitted.
A.\nudl I rather ueaasy light came in-
to her eves. She left tlhe room albrupt-
Iy.
Then Lizzie said:
"Alnd the good clothing destroyed,
anld the time spent on preparing those
rags, nd 11 lite hiring of tlit' wagon to
go for the caripet-wlhat do these
unllllltl l to?)"!'
"To sa:y nothing of the iiew dress
tliat imust bc bought for Kitty Leary,
anlid ilt lie iew curtain for Toni's room,"
I :lllad. "lly. altogether, these two
calrpels must have cost altoult the same,
an1 Collusin Ana lli4 has made nothing
by her economical idea."
Ir:d11111llp wa\s standing Ilellind us, his
liandls in his pockets. and a very know-
ilg look ill his -iyes.
"3leblle you're lelea etle istaken,.
Susie. lie said. drily. "My own idtlee
is tlht Arimeny's ilade niore on that
rag-clarpet illin she'd a notion of, ald
a g.oodl deal I ire lthan it's worth. It's
likely the lhst investment slhe's ever
Inside."
"Anld illlnliilmle." said grandmlla, "'we
will put Till's .arp;iet in the parlor alnd
.Arl'lely's inll llis iroolI. She's done
wh:at sIhe thought chest. anl it wouldn't
do to hIurt her feelings."
That evening Toill slyly called me to
look at ('ousin Armenia. who, with a
kitchen knife in her hand, was prin-
ing away at the rose bushes in the gar-
denl. whle tihe dealcon, seated cross-
legged on tihe fence, was deliberately
and carefully whittling a stick.
"Why. she will ruin the bushes!" I
exciillled. "See ho.w shei is 'clihoppig
theml to pieces. Vihait f-ii she be
thinking of?"
"Whati were you thinking of. Susie?"
said Tom. solemnly. "that tile in the
arlori wihell tite doctor was saying
something inl a low tone allld you were
deliberately picking your glove to
pieces?-'"
.\Anl tlien a;I light thashed ilpon rie,
anl I ran lll llt I lo leil lil' i l that I had
I' t 11, out \1 '1alt gr.tp t t : 1 neant I yt
Cousill lArlenllella's "illnvestll ent." And
l~izzie lau,.i'hed uld said. "How'i ridicu-
]lo's" .iAnd thel ilt the samle hrea:th,
"\'Why. lhow nitce it will lIe. Susie' I'n
so glad;
Next day .llin and Ilis wife caIn'e.
:land wve were all delighted with Alie'.
Hler father lhiid money. 11141 she hid
been brought up illn I mllore da:inty style
of living thnl we were a.ustollomed to.
whlicrlh ]lule us rlthler anxious about
her heing pleased with things. One
day. wVilen shlie had beelln aiout a week
with us. gralndmll inquired of .lol0n if
Alice were perfectly satisfied, or if
there was anything that he would like
to Ilave ldone for hter?
"Only one thing. grandliil.'" lie re-
plied. cheerfully. "She's delighted and
perfectly satisfied and happy: lout you
see. slie h:ls sone fancies .vlciih you
would think whimsical. The carpet in
her room--"
"I knew it: exelainied Lizzie, flush-
ing. "That horrid rag-earpet!"
loinl laugllhed.
"It isn't its heing a riag-ealrpet thlat
she objects to. Liz; but she has a
prejudice against ainy sort of a carpet
in a sleeping li'miii. She thinks it un.
healthy-and, you know. many physi.
iians hold that opinion. A little strip
by lilte bedside and before e ll hleartlh
are all that slite requires."
"-'11l see to it today." said gr:]indinn1.
Ani then sli.e looked lip atl us alild
laughled a little.
"PIoor Armenllia's arlpet seems un-ll-
lucky." slie sail.
"il i. she'll tii list. fior it." said
ga'ld~ill. olietly. "We kust miake her
a present of it. lhorollhv. anill slie'll liin
lihe right pllae for it ll l'ore li11g."
I 'raldplla was right. Lontg before
.lohli and 4Alice moved into their niew
house. Consin Arienia's bright rig-
carilet was reposing upon IDe icon
Huthliings' parlor loor. with thie dea-
con's silk handkerichie.fs gleiaing conll.
spicllonusly in tile centre. while Collsil
Armenia herself moved about mlialking:
liis hlione pleisant an:4d icheerful for
hilt.
"Salving is making," said the dencon;


------ ------- - - - - -

^UI fmCHESTE fm


Wi FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS

I lI' P J P H iaIi aMt.-i r,"PF d a"RepeateP"P
4 sist upon having them, take so others and you will get the best shells that money can buy.
4 ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
wt - - - - - ----- - - - -- - ----------




$4.00 for $2.00!!
Seed yon must have to make a garden, and the AGRICULTURIST you s8bould have to be a
successful gardner. Vou can get them both at theprice oN one. Send us one new subasriber
and $2 and we wilrtend you the following list of:choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of

GRIFFIN BROTHERS.


Beans, Extra Early Red Valen-
tine .................. .10
New Stringless Green
Pod ........... ........ 10
Dwarf German Black
Wax................ 10
Burpees Large Bush LI-
ma ................. 10
Beets, Extra Early Eclipe ...... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip...... .. .. .. ...... .5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield .... .. ......
Early Summer....... .. .5
Grifling's Succession .. . .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.... .10
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5
Long Green Turkish.... .5


Egg Plant, Grilfing's Improved
Thornless .... ......
Lettuce, Big Boston..........
Onions, Red Bermuda ........
Griffing's White Wax...
Peas. Alaska................
Champion of England ...
Peppers, Long Cayenne. .......
Ruby King.........
Radishes, Wonderful ........
Gritting's Early Scar-
let.. .... .. .... .... ..
Early Seallet Erfurt....
Tomatoes, Beauty.. .. .. .. ....
S Money Maker.. ........
Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball....
Pomeranian White Globe

Ruta Bagas, Bloomsnl:le Swede....


Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, J:-'c -,nville, Fla.


6 XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Given as a Premium for One New Subscriber.


Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate. Address,

FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Jacksonville ,Fla.

THE SUPERIOR FENCE MACHINE
^I is made of steel
and nickle-plated.
Ah- hi. iIt's strong and
Always the BewL durable. You can
builu anyi kind uof farm fence with it
to lit tile ground. You can build 40 to
F S 60o rods I1 day, at less than half the
cost of any ready-made fence. Cata-
Slogue flre. Price $4. 5, charges pre-
Se >pamid. Superior Ience Machine Co.,
j 1814 (raud RIiver Ave., Detroit, Mich.
a e old eSaeey m

"and il ai wonaln who can make $15 out
of iotllig is worth something."
Nor t1) I think that his wife has ever
hinted to him what that carpet really
cost. -Saturday night.


40 Acres for $40 of ornge
and pine-
apple and vegetable land. Write now
for terms. CLARK D. KNAPP,
Avon Park, Fla.

Old books bound at this office.










144 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


WITH THE JOXEB.
The Doctor:-"It's twins, sir."
Young Husband:-"I might have
known it; it's my wife's hobby that two
can live :is cheap as one."-Times.
"Is your daughter learning to play
the piano by note?"
"Certainly not." answered Mrs. Com-
rox. severely. "We always pay cash."
-Washington Star.
"How do you buy your apples? By
the barrel?"
"That's the way I try to hby them,
but when I get them home I generally
find I have bought them by the top
layer."-Chicago Tribune.
Mother--Wtat tylw is the young man
that our daughter says you met in New
York wihen you went to bring her
home?
Father-Well. to judge from his
clothes. I should say lie was poster
type.- -Detroit Free Press.
".Very well." exclaimed Dr. Quick
after hit quarrel with the undertaker;
"I'll make you sorry for this!"
"What are you going to do." retorted
the und raker-"retire from practice?"
-Philadelphia Press.
First Ladly toff for a journey)-I hope
we've got the right train.
Second Lady-I asked 17 trainmen
and 93 passengers if this train went to
Blankville, and they all said "Yes," so
I guess we're all right.-New York
Weekly.
"Dear Charlie, if I marry you will
you get up and make the fires in the
morning?"
"Darling girl. we will get married in
the summer. Before winter you will
get used to the idea of making the fires
yumrself."-Chicago Record.
"What's the matter with the doll?
It's got its clothes upside down and
wrong side to the front."
"That's one of them dolls that the
Vassar girls made and gave away to
the poor and unfortunate."-Cleveland
... Plain Dealer.

Naggus-I have read your speech,
Borus, and, to tell the truth. I don't
like its physiognomy.
Borus-Its physiognomy? What do
you mean?
Naggus-Its I's are too close togeth-
er.-Chicago Tribune.
Good Man (sadly)-Ah. my son. you
have been to the circus; it pains me
greatly that one so young should have
crossed the threshold of iniquity.
Bad Roy-But I didn't cross no thres-
hold; I crawled iln under the tent.-
Gaiety.

-MeJigger-He's pretty well posted
in oncial institutions, isn't he?
Thingumbob-Yes. I believe he's
posted for non-payment of dues at all
his clubs, if that's what you mean.--
Philadelphia Press.
She from Boston)-What do you
think of Omar Khayyam?
He (from St. Louis)-Let's see; what
did he do- fiddle?
With the aid of powerful restoratives
they soon succeeded in getting her out
of danger.-Chicago Times-Herald.
"This wireless telegraphy reminds
me of a groundless quarrel."
"What possible connection is there
between th4 two?"
"It's practically having words over
not hl'ir."--lPhiladelphia Times.
He-We'l. Mrs. Smith is economical
anyway. She makes her own dresses.
She-Yes. and she looks so dowdy
that her hrshand can't get a single one
of h;s frien.ts to lendl him any money.
-Phi!adelohia Press.
Farrier-See here. you! You remenm-
Iter putting two lightning rodls on my
barn last spring, don't you! Well. that
barn was struck six weeks after and
bIrn'ed down.
Peddler- Struck by lightning?
"It was."
"In the daytime?"
"No: at night."
"Must 'a' been a dark night, wasn't
It?"


OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.


AXJLE
Aad light loads.


(jREALS

ood for everything
that runs on wheels.

Sold Everywhere.
Mi bMyr STANDARD OIL CO.

BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON
Vor use Ii granaries to kill weevil. to de-
stroy ratsand gophers and to keep In
se.'ts from the seed. etc.
2o CENTS PER POUND,
put up In ten and fifteen pound cans
fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville.

HAND CULTIVATOR

Used by all celery eower and prmres-
sive grdeners in Sanford, the celery
center. 'Testmonials on application. Delivered
to ay ar of Southb lorid on receipt of $i.i.
Sldonl y A. E. HILL, Hardware,haab, Door.,
sad Buders' Supplies, Sanford. Fla.

"Yets: darlK s pitch.."
"La.;ntetrns Ihurnin'?"
"What lanterns?"
"Didnl't you rn11 lanterns lip 'em on
dark nights?"
"Never Ilheard of anything like that."
"Well. if you don't know enough to
keep your lightnin' rods showing' you
needn't blhine mie. G(-lang!" New
York Weekly.
*
$100 REWARD $100
The readers of this paper will be
pleased to learn that there is at least
one dreaded disease that science has
been able to cure in all Its stages, and
that is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure
is the only positive cure known to the
medical fraternity. Catarrh being a
constitutional disease, requires a con-
stitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh
Cure is taken internally, acting direct-
ly upon the blood and mucous surfaces
of the system, thereby destroying the
foundation of the disease, and giving
the patient strength by building up the
constitution and assisting nature in do-
ing its work. The proprietors have so
Much faith in its curative powers, that
they offer One lllndtrct I)ollars for
:aiiy case that it rails to cure. Send for
list of testimonials. Address.
F. C. Cheney & Co., Toledo. O.
Sold by druggists. 75 c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
*
A WONIDERIFUIi INVENTION.
They cure dandruff, hair falling,
hl;aldatlnc. etc.. yet costs the same as an
ordin;rvy (conlll. Dr. White's Electric
'Coml. The only patented Comb in thln
world. Pcoldih, eve'rywhere it has been
introduced, aire wild with delight. Yotu
simply conril your hair each day anld
the combn does the rest. This wonder-
ful comli is simply ulllrealkable and is
" made so that it is iIbsolutely impossi-
ile to lbrei'k or unt the aiir. Sold oin a
written gluaranltee to give perfect sat-
isf-:ttion in every respect. Send stamps
for one. l.adies' size. 50c. Gents'
size 1'(c.. Live men and women want-
ed everywhere to introduce this article.
Sells on sight. Agents are wild with
slucess. (SSee want colunin of this pa-
per). Address It. N. Rose, Gen. Mgr.,
Iecatur, 111.
C
WANTED-Ladies and gentlemen to
introduce the "hottest" seller on
eartl. Dr. White's Electric Comb,
patented l.S). Agents are coining
money. Cures all forms of scalp all-
menlts, headaches, etc., yet costs the
samitie 1s an ordinary comb. Send 50
cents in stamps for sample. D. N.
Rose, Gen. Mngr., Decatur, Ill. 1m


.SAVANNAH LINE"


BY LAND AND SEA.


FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
FROM

FLORIDA TO NEW YORK

BOSTON AND THE EAST.

SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Thence ,'ia Palatial Expr. *- Stcmtnships. salting from Savannah Pour ships r rch week
to New York and making tlto, conlr. ,tion with New York-Boston ships or Sound Lines
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with nonthlv sailing schedule s. Write It r
general information sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
W. H. PLEASAIl'T, Traflle Manager. WALTBE HAWKING% Gen. Agt
New Pier 35 North River, New York. 224 W Bay St.. lacksonville. Fla.




PLANT SYSTEM.

The Great Through Car Line from Florida.


CONNECTIONS.


SA T ITHE ATLANTIC (OAST LINE, via Charles o0
To The Richmond and Washington.
THE -OUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, C(
lumbia and Washington.
via All Hall

Tle Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevi:l
The Mobile &Ohio R. R via Montgomery.


SVia Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for Ne
To The York, Philadelphia and Boston.

Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transports
tion Company for Baltimore.
via Steamhbip
To KEY WEST Via Peninsula, & Occidental
AND
HAVgNA Steamship Company.
NOVA SCOTIA
NVA SOTIA, ia Itslton and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
CAPE BRETON&
PRINCE EDWRDS STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbury
PRINCE EDWARDS
and Charlottestown.
ISLAND...


Winter Tourist Tickets
Will be on sale throughout the NORTIItEN, EASTERN, WESTERN AND
SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORID)A RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop-
over privileges in Florida.
ADDRESS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
VERTISING MATTER.

F'o Information as to rates, sleeping-car services, reservations etc, write to
F. M. JOLLY D)ivision Passenger Agent.
t38 West Bay Street. Aster Block, Jackasonille. Florlda.
W. B. DENlAMI. B. W. WRENN.
Gen. Supt. Pass. Traf Mn'r.
SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.

















FLOBIDIANA.
T~'re we'r four A.mericans at 'PaliI
'..cih it. first of this week whose
oniileid wealth is more than that of
oil otiler four llenl in the world. ait~
:l- fl:i- s history relates nothing here-
lole hilIa ever reached their aggre-
La.te riches. Every crow'd.vil head on
aiith- could lie ollghll and solhl liy them
'wiee.--ltke Worth News.
IThe .lie .licali Kililili Co'palliliy. all
I'a ll lia. ils ti,:'ee oflit llllils aft wolrk
relparing the foundation for the exten-
iie pl Hint to lte built there. The collh-
ilrly is buiilding a charge at iEldorlado
I.lat .will lie used folr transporting luni-
;*t ld other llalCiinery allross tle
l eke. The ilalnt west of Yallahli is in
Iteration iandl the beginning of this
killing Industry Is satisfactory. -Lees-
lirg Commliercial.
Major Bradlshaw, ever .on the alert
,r snlething thliat would add to the
eant.es of the ut ilrt House llwn, has
id the Herniuda grass plowed iup and
.e lawn will lIe replanltedl in St. l.umcie
rass. Many people have asked his
>asons for tearing uip the already very
retty llwn, llnt when lie takes yo,
*,r to tlhe west side and shows yon
at iprtolln already covered with the
t. I.clie variety. you will understand.
is inuelh lprettier grass. stanllds no111
Il1 and stays green the year round.
Orlando Star.
Mr. Neal Alexandler, who has been
re for thle lpast four or five months,
erseeing the shipment of the orange.
hdl grapefruit lie purchased took his
(1parture oi Mollday. Illving finished
ilii orange shlipments last Firiday. Mr.
Alexander shipped off between 15,000
andl 20.4.IN Imxes of fruit. He paid
$1.'i per box for oranges and $5 per
Ibox for grapefruit. and although the
market prices this season did not quite
.Varrant paying these figures, lie lived
ip to every obligation lie assumed and
never murmured. He is a gentleman
in every way, and lias won the con-
'frhnce and respect of our iolple.-- t.
Iyers Press.
complaintss are frequent from Rock-
let ge that visiting tourists sometimes
so far forget the right of resident or-
ln e growers as to walk unliddelni i lto
t groves and pluck fruit amid cut
Ii s be hearing clusters of oranges ailt
ap ropriate them without hesitationl
or thought, seemingly. that they are-
lpassing and thieving. One party
tly caught in the act by the own-
er refused for sole time to pay for
th fruit taken, and did so at last only
u er the threat of prosecution, and
them without the least exhibition iof
nha me or humiliation for having stolen
the fruit. The party I-onsisted of well
dressed ladles (?) and gentlemen. (?)-
Coca News.
Iwerilf Smith las received from State
Commissioner of Agriculture. B. E.
Melin. the following ruling, which is
of aepecial interest to dealers in cottoil
seed meal: First-It is evident that
the greater part of cotton seed mieal
heilg sold in tils state is used for fer-
tilizing purposes, and it is impossible
for the dealer, or this office, to know
what sacks are fed to stock and what
used to make crops with. Therefore,
it is my ruling, under Section 906.
Revised Statutes, that all cotton seed
meal placed upon the general market
sha I hear our inspector's tag or label,
showing that 25 cents per ton tax hah
been paid. Second-I call your special
attention to Section 896, Revised Stat-
utes, as to the duties of sheriff on this
subject.-Pensacola News.
The citizens of St. Petersburg are
entitled to all praise for the energy
and public spirit they have displayed
in their efforts to promote the inter-
ests of that city and that locality.
That they will meet with still greater
suce es can scarcely te questioned.
They are pursuing the prolwr policy
to grow and prosper, 1and they are to
he commended for the wisdom of their
action. It affords us pleasure to note
the fact that St. Petersburg has be-
fore her so bright a future. The
Tampa Times says: 'The St. Peters-
burg fruit and vegetable fair closed
Saturday evening, after running suc-
cessfully thirty days. Over $2.000 lias
been raised in the town for the per-
manent fair project. The enterpris-
iug people of the town are to be con-
gratulated."-Exchange.
The government has served notice


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


No.isNo.ul No.4181No.87 No.31
Daily Daily Daily Daily Daly
e-------------
exm,. 1xl o ex0

7 30l l6 :p 4 OOp 3 OOp 21op
ap| 7Sop 5 00p lop 3 3Up
Na. 35. lHiRn Mail (Daily).
Makes local stops and car-
ries F. C. y. Buffet Par-
lor Ctr.
Me. 29. A. C L. Papreu (Daily).
Past Train. Stops only at
stations shown anld carries
. U. r. ty. vestibule Huffet
Parlor Cars.
No. 23, Miami and Nattiau Special
(Dsily.)
Oomuiosed rxul.uively of
t. Il o. ay. vesailiule Buffet
Parlor ntar. P;r-aeuKaor for
this train inmut lrovid them-
elvee with PIarlr Cair tickets
t addition to regular piassoge
oie. 9. Palm Boech and Miami
Limited (Daily.)
Oompoodd of F. L. C By.
veallbule Buffet Sltpers and
sy-Coach. Carries sleelters
for Palm Beach and for Miami.
btollouly at stations shown.
Mo. l., Rew York and Rloida Lir-
ited iDaily Eicept Mondy l
New YM, Ii I.. St. Atll-lliilie
via Su.:hern ltailwiv (Joll-
pomsi. excla.oivly of I'lllililil
Mo. 37, ler York and Fllr;da Spe-
ci Dl ail7 except 0lonyi.
New York Io St.. Alirstlne
via Atnlalit ic coaR Iille.
mpoSeid i-xc-lll-iv.ly of
Pullnia, (jnri.
No. 13, llorlda and Metropolittn
Limited IDaily,.
New York tio St. Aiug-iline
viaSealsaerd Air jiln.-. CooI-
posed exclusively of Pullllaan
Cars. Day-(oat-h opeluicd on
this train onil whi-lh ino extra
or Pollman ifure is charged.
oe. 3. 3 Chcao aid r.orida Lim-
ite Dailyl.
Chicago tu .t. Auiguatlne
via vansville., Nalhllville aumd
Montgomery. Comliupsed ex-
clusively of Pullmian, Cars.
Day-Mouch oT;>rul>ed 11n1 this
train on wlliih iino ixtra ori
Pullinau failt is chiai nl.


Nro.9W No.2i
Daily Daily

825p 710a
92>p 80as
98p 855a,
1012p 983a
11291p lu42a
1130p 10 52a
1205all15a
1257a.1206p
... 12 p
18ali2p
...... 129p
........ 138p


83 a SlOp




520. 4l48p
5:1a 458p
54(0a 5U ip
5 isa 5 ':llp


7 4h 7 lUp


No.2a vo.35
Daily Daily

12l25p 940a
1 Zip 10 ll.
1 0p tO Sa
. 1127a
20p 11 l43a
3 19p 10p
S29p I 17p

...... 2 11
4 45 2
5 IS a
5 1p p 8
543ip 415p
5 51p 424


629
... 633p
. 611
68
... 6 47p
.71
805
905p 815p

905p
.... 15p
... 10
.. 10 4Mp
II 15p 10 S0p


MAIN LIN BO EDULE


Lv ...... Jackonville ........ Ar
L ..... St. Augustn .......
." Hm. m taing..........J i
" ..... ast Pulatne....... r
" ......... Ormond...........
" .........Daytoa..........
S.......Port Orange........ "
.....New 8myra........
"........ Tituville.........
.. .......0411 ............ .

M....... elboum ......... .
a" ........ .lr .........
.... ...Ba Sdas ..........
........ St. .........
...... o .......

S........... e .......... .
.......... Stuart ............
S....... Hob Sound ..........
..... West Ju te ........
Ar .. West Palm Beaoh ......
'" .Hotel Royal Polnlanm ...
Lv ..... The Breaker ........
West Palm BIeah...... .
......... Boynton ........... Lv
.........Del ray ...........
.... ort r.auderdale ......
..... Lemon City........ "
Ar.......... Miami ..........


jlo.YasIo.ve
Daily Daily

700p 7 2P
410p 610p
5 p ......
511 .
458p 54P
840p 4 0p
a32p 4200
8 19p 4 lip
800p 85p0

S STi ......
1Op 225p


125 8 14 P
1 40s, ......
113a .....
1045a ......
10 40a 12 i5p
lolla .....
100a ....
lOO1 a ...
*63a ......
922a ......
9 tIa ..
8a la 103011
8 21Aa 10 15a
800% 955f
7 23&.....
6 a ......
55 ......
550. 8100


Traism do not stop where tlme In net show.


No. 16. Chltcao ad Flo Specl
(Daily Except Monday).
Chicago to St. Augustine
via Oigcinnati, Chattanomlog
and Atlanta. Composed Oex-
clusively of Pullman Oarm


We. Map mnd orida Spal
(Daily Except Sunday).
St. Auustitne to Chicago
via Atlanta. Chattanooga
and Cinincnati. Oompoeed
xaladvoely of Pullman Clar.


Times Table N~o. BO. In Etreet Ja. SS, 1901.
BOtTI' "^"" (R drM D~ ) tdBlN~


SANFORD BRANCH. PALATKA BRANCH.
All tra'n- daily except Sunday. All trains Daily.
NS 11- No11 12
7 .. Tit.................... Titsvllle ....................... Ar p o.. Nf ll____ IN o.IN o.4
01C.1I Mims ......................... l 1;a 9 -LvP'aAr 4 BlU JalO -2Bpj 9S
Su ....... ............. steen.. .................... 15a 45 450 200pil8la 93lArEPlkaLv' 84 9401alll0a 1p
AM ............. ...En rp re ................ "
.... 501 ............ -)1 1 ] '. Eg Palat ..........K l Arl .--.. .I.. 1
IliaAr ........7 sfod ...... ............Lv 1101 Io fl Noi.41 SAN MATBO BRANCH, All Trains Daily No. 42.No.
1'.- -64 OBTB@Lv............. aitPalatka. ...........ArITat-V:
No., .., N.., N~< o.6 N No.8 N.3l 7 00o' 8 Ar ........... Mateo. ........... 8I
Sun Daily ilun IDaily MAYPORT BRANCH. Daily Daily Sun ..
only exSu on.ly exSu S. s only ORANGE CIT BRAN
6 I --- --- -8- N o 8jN o 1| O R A N E C IT5S B BA N OH N o to A t
*I0 Zilypl 8 li> l.r Jacksonville Ar B Oa S:p 60p..... All trains Daily exceptt sunday. I ,
481. 60p 2 08S 8tI, So. Jacksonville Lv 6 42a 57il 552p...... Pl0 l Lv ..........New Smvrna.. ........Ar T-8i T3
715p 6liap i.,.! 5in Pablo Beach l5ai 5001l 55p ...... 4 11 .............Lake Helen ..........
720p 640p 2.4p. 8ita AtlanticBeaoh 54U 45'\ 520p...... ll ........ ....Oran e City ........... "126p 529p
40 p u4p :10w, 905 Ar Mayport. Lv 520la 436p 51 .. 6 ll 4fAr ......... Orange Ciy Junctin. ........... 1280p 520

These Tl',itn 'lle,4.s llow the times at winch trains mnay bhlexpected toarrive and depart from the several stations. but their arrival
or departorl- :it tile ills srated is not guarultee:1. nor dooethe Company hold itself responsible for any darla or any eonequnr nem
arising Ihereri
PENINSULAR AND OCCIDENTAL -STEAMSHIP CONNECTIONS AT MIAMI.
.IIAMI1-NAS AU IINI--1 S. .MIAII. MlIAlMI-iIAVANA IlNE-A.. PRIINCE EDWARD.
i(SAnINO S EFFECTIVE Jan 16:
fSAILINiH .IAN. 3 to FEB. 3. lN01; HAVANA, I Feave Miami Sundlays and Wednesdays.....l1
SI.<.av- Muilla Mondays and Thursdays .....1 30p Arrive Havana Mondays and Thursdays.... 8
IArrive Nas.sau 'fuemlays and Fridays a. ..r Cru l Ieave Havana Tuesdays and Fridays........12 00a
NASSAU. I l.n.av<. Nasani Wednesda, and Saturday4. 2 tp I Arrive Miami Wednesdays and Saturday .. 6 00
SArriv, iliamni Thursdaysa .nd Sundays. .._ 51 MIAMI.KKI WKE- IANl'K.- -. t%.* 'IT OF) KEY WEST.
N.P
< SAll.lN4S FEK. 4 lo MARCH 31: fSAILINOS EFFIrTIVE Jan. 14:
Bahama I l.av.' Mianii Mops.. Weds. and Fris.. .......230p KEY WEST, I eave Miami Mons.. Weds. and Fris........ 11
Arv ir Nlixga 'l ues.. Thurs. and Sat. ..... 600a ( Arrive Key West Tues, Thus. and Sate..... 2
Island.. II.:;v, Ni-st i Ti.-i., Thurs. and sats .... 3 0p Florida. I leave Key West Tues., Thus. and Sat ...... 8
Arriv, Mli:nil W( SAII.IN4.(S (1)1MlE,01NG APRI.l 1:
I W IH' II iin wini aanht tirslid hours forJaaiary.


For copy of local time cari addrel any Agent.
J. D. AHNE As*t. Ge. Pass. Agent.


oil Hon. IW. B. Hlenderson, president
of the lFlorida State 1Boinl of Ilealth.
that tile state station iii st b1e remove
from Mullet Key. The gi v'ernIIIl'ent
offers to lill the euillilllmllnt ofi tlie
stilte al>;l1rl lit ai fair price. Thlii
ieaillis thilat the Mairine Ilospitall ser-
vice will take entire clihrge of tlhe
qulllrllntine aiffilirs- i lioove whihli lilis
itenl inlticilplte't l te sil li ipass:Iae or ,
llhe nl thle iulthority to (io so. The glovern-
inent owns tle lilial on wl ich three of
the fonr state iunilriintine st:ltionls i re
loeiated- the exciretiolns leing ti le sta-
tion at F'erlilandinll. Th'lis Inellnsli. lirmae-
tilally. tlile labolisIhmen1 t of tlhe State
Bordl of lealnth, so farl nis inritimne
qlinraintine aiffniirs iare conlerniell. -
Exchange.
Petroleuim occu ls in Algerin. and at
Oran there is a tract 120 miles in
length that is said to lie exceedingly
rich in petroleum.


ST. AUGUSTINE, FLA.


Free




low&= 2 WATCHES







FREE

Premium Offer No I. y sending us a new Subscriber and
I $2 willreceive an open-face, stem-wind
andstemet tc guaranteed by the manufacturers for one year. Send your su bscip
lios at oce to THE FLORIDA AGBICULTURIST, JacksonvilE, Fl.


FLORIDA EAST COAST RY.


I BOUNP.
No.0S No.s1 No.8S No.44 0o.lil
Daily Daily Daily Daily Da
__ eexx SSn ___e _
82a i2]pl2140pl00al0 1 20 a 1 P
720B ai la 11 40% 90Sa 9 ORiM
7 15a No. 78, arsvaas (D ).
"... Makes local toea
,8arie P. 9 O. Ry.
i 0f lor Oar.
4 8a No. 74. Miami aid lNames ipgt
4 Oompoed exauil r
SE. Ry. vestible et
o9alorCars. Passengers far i
30. train must provide emw
S.lves with Parlor Car ltdo
in addition to regular p-f
-... ticket.
...... No. 28, A. c. L. Ns g (di).
..... Fat Train. ftops Q2r I
stationsis shown and Carrto
F. E. By. vestibnul BUls
..... Parlor Oars.
... lNo. 98.Palml eSaoad Mami
.ltetoa (DallT.)
.... Oomoosed of F. .i 0. By
... .. vestibule Buffet Sleepers maM
; is, Day-Coach. Takes on el
ers at Miami and Pim Baoh.
.s Stops only at stations doln .
p No. 3 New York and Flaldtr i-
lo-sp St. Augustine o NI o
., I' via Southern Railway. Os-
9 1 tp iosd exclusively of Plla
8s 8Ul' II. 3Nw York and Flecs SOR -
dill Dailly zsespts ul).
St AuglAslina to NXwork
via Atlantic Coas tlinL
Cnoriinsid exclusively of
Pillimnin Cars.
No. 44. lnorlds uat UtktsqUt
Limited (D1dy).
St. Angnitine to~ WTort
via Sea board Air l n. Cm-
osl exclusively of Pull
r Day-Coach operot as
this train on which no t
or Pullman tare is harm d.
No. 92. C2Uc.o aid 1nnU U
(ea (Dlaj).
St. Augustine to Ckhieg
via Montgomery. Namav"U
and Evansville. CompoMed .
clusively of Pullman
Day- coach operated on
train on which no etl 01
Pullman fare hla ha d


" 143


_~ __ ___


,,n~, ,


Do.Y2
Daily


... I


U JF1


ea own.


ea I V










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Simon Pure


Fertilizers


4 Time-Tried and Crop-Tested!


Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the


GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.


If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Ammoniates:
SULPHATE AMMONIA,
NITRATE SODA.
DRIED BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BONE,
TANKAGE.
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL.
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
CASTOR POMACE.


Potashes:
MURIATE POTASH,
HIGH GRADE POTASH.
LOW GRADE POTASH,
KAINIT.
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES.
Phosphoric Acids:
DISSOLVED BONE.
ACID PHOSPHATE,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,


Miscellaneous:
SALT,
LIME,
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS.
BLUE STONE,
CAUSTIC SODA,
LAND PLASTER,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON.


OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY .
PARIS GREEN and insecticides li
erially.
Tobacco Materials:
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to cum
tain all their fertilizing and inectmile
properties.


WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO

E. O. PAINTER & CO., = = = Jacksonville, Fi


Grew So Heavy.
E. O. I'inter ,( Co.. Jacksonrille. Fla.
iGentleimen:-1 used the lawn fertili-
s'r thought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
almut that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keei up with it with mowing machine.
I nuel the 14M) pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
selue lawn. as I think they need some-
thing of ltis kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Smue


others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City. Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.

Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. 0. Painter d Co.. Jackksonville. Fla.
Gentleeni:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given tie most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. II. Brown.
Manatee. Fla.. Sept. 21. lVKt).


BeyJnd My Expectation.
E. O. Painter t. Co.. Jacksomn ille. Flo.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. S. Pinery. tlhe
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them ha\e fruit. Will order molr fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
Very respectfully.
A. M. Spenger.
Osteen. Fla.. Sept. 27, 11MWO.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-


ing that the fertilizer furnished
you for the orange groves In
charge has given entire satifac
and you may confidently look fo
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinm
Sanford. Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
Ojus, F
K. ". Painter Co., Jacksonville, P
'.,entlemen:-Please inclose me
.,[her price list. This fertilizer has
en satisfaction equal to any ma
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H.R. 8e S


A High-Grade Fertilizer
MUST HAVE ------


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"THIi IDEA T." BRANDS
Whih H AV E TH ES E. W
ihen why pay $35.00 ind $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following p ices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE................ $30.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.oo per ton
IpEAL POTATO MANURE .o er ton IDEAL PLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... 28.00 per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................. $30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
I DEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............ $30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER ..................... $20.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask .for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTTT.IZ R COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
'oot Brad Blod oi mad Bone, $ 1800 per ton. Damavaland Guano, The Ideal Tobacco PFrtillser, S44.00 p or ton.