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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00060
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: February 20, 1901
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00060
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text





il v 4 Ill: ,1)i
t rerlllf,. ~ Y I De.a. p 1,


Vol. XXVIII. N). 8.


Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Feb. 20, 1901.


Whole No. 1412.


California Methods of Packing and
Shipping Oranges.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Agreeable to your request I send you
herewith some notes on California's
methods of pl:icking and shipping or-
alges.
The pecking ill nearly all respects
the same as in Florida. that is, the
routine of brushing, sorting. sizing and
wrapping is the same. There are ten
sizes, ranging from ninety-six (often
eighty), to three hundred and sixty,
but the size is slightly enlarged to
make a box full for their method of
capping. So that instead of the fruit
sllowilg ione inch or less above the
box after wrapping, as in Florida, it
shows from o1ne inch and a half to
three inches. Small fruit tile former
andu large fruit the latter. This addi-
tional swell Is given to produce upward
curve of the cap-board. After wrap-
ping, tile Isox is placed under the press,
the two capl-hoards put iln place andl by
i dlownalrd pressure cnrved over the
fruit and the ends brought down to
the head pieces and nailed on. Thle
ends only are nailed, the center being
left free with at least two inches raise.
This leaves the top curved or bow
shaped. No hoops or hinders are used
around the box. only tile ends of the
cap-loards are held by a stay or small
cleat nailed crosss tllenl to the head
pieces.
The boxes are then numbered and
branded with some handsome design
or iionograni representing the grade of
fruit in the box. The packing houses all
have these monograms. I send you
tlose used by A. Gregory house. Tile
fruit is wralpled with paper having
tile same design is appears oil tile box.
The Iox is n1ow ready to go aboard the
cars.
The loading of the ears is somewhat
of a science and requires considerable
knowledge :and skill, that is knowledge
and skill of the car-loading and pack-
ing kind. Th'le boxes are all placed on
the end, and but two tiers in the car.
Running lengthwise of the car. the
lixes are packed close and snug with
no splae at all Ibtween tile boxes.
Running crossways of the car'. a spilce
of albut four inches is left between
each box for venttilaion, tlat is. a
row of boxes is set upon endl in a
straight line. four inches from the side
wall with curved side of the box turn-
ed in. then another row is set up four
inches from the first. and so on until
six rows are set u11, which fills tile ear
sl1d. T5i s yll will observe, gives an
oblong squanre of loxes set on end, the
boxes sung and, close the long way
of the car. hut with spaces between
each box the short way. This is all
right and o. k. for ventilation, but how
alout the shifting that is sure to come
in transit. To prevent this. strips are
nailed across the heads of the boxes in
each row running across the car. Two
strips are used for each row of boxes.
The pieces are 1 and 1-4 inches
wide and nearly as long as the car is
wide. One is fitted close to the side
of the ear. that is. the end is made to
come in close contact with the wall of
the car, and nailed to the box head
near the edge of the box; the other


strip is nailed in like manner on the
opposite edge of tlte samiie row of boxes,
its enld beilng nmde to come in con-
tact with tll" side of the car opposite
tlhe other. So thle row of six boxes are
now lild firmly by thle two strips, one
stripl tittling close to the wall on one
side 11;il thle other litling tihe opposite
sidle :1d p]r'ven'tiiig tlie shifting in
itll:er direction. The second tier is
set 1up over the first in precisely ihe
siline w:iy. each individual how being
set on end over its fellow, the top
ioxes are set on these strips and they
1;re nailed to the first tier of boxes.
This gives additional ventilation as
the strip.l prevent the nails from com-
ilg together. The cars are supposed to
a'rry three hundred and sixty-two
boxes enac. Sometimes half. fourth.
iand eighth boxes are used instead of
full boxes. In such cases a number are
tacked together and laid oil the ordin.
ary tiers, bInt I do not think the frac.
tionaI lIoxes are lllnch used.
It takes frroli five to ten days to get
Canlifornii fruit to Imarket so that great
'are is required ill packing and ship-
inlg.
1. I). Jackson.
RIiverside. C('l.
\\e regr'ett that oulr correspondent
did linit give us ia miore detailed des-
criptioln of tlle method of handling
fruit from tle tree to the packing
house anild frloml tlie lipaking house to
the boxes. This is the part that Flor-
ida grow ers ;re more interested inl at
present. :is oil this handling depends a
great deall the condition in which the
orange reaclies the market. Thle t ono-
grai'ns and labels, samples of which
lhe sent us are pasted on the head
of tlte boxes 1and aire real works of
art. inld designate tilt packer's separ-
ate lrans :11141d under these brands this
grnwer's iropi is soll. One of the lith-
ographls slows I C alifornia Navel,
partly -overed with its delicate wrap-
pinlg llpaper, the contrast of which
brings out tile birillhint coloring of the
orange. There is also an orange sliced
crossways. showing iup the fruit as
richly as an artist can make it with the
colors ait his commallnd. Around this
orange :and filling out the vacaniui.s in
tlte slleet are worked in some beauti-
ful camellia japonicas which are very
lifelike and attractive. This brand is
icllhed tile Canielln Brand. Another
represents a cluster of California's
famous navels hanging in one corner
from which extend beautiful sprays
of blossoms. In tile opposite corner is
a sprig containing two beautiful lem-
ols with sprays of flowers and the
spaces letwveen them filled in with rep-
resentaitions of an illlmense orange or-
chlard at Itedtands, with the mountain
scenery in the distance. We have never
seen anything to equal them sent out
of Florida. These brands are well


known and the fruit is sold on the
brand. as 4fain le seen by the report in
the fruit trade journals of the North.
The orange grower of the state of
Florida must give these matters more
attention tlian lie has done il the past
for there is no question but what the
reputation of our Florida fruit has
been greatly injured by the poor fruit
that liha eieln sent to the market dur-
ing the past season, a great deal of
which has been shipped by parties who
are comparatively new in the business,
in not only putting up the fruit, but
ill raising it as well. The grower should
strive to make a reputation for himself
so tllat when his fruit is put on the
mliarket his brand will sell it without
tlie buyer having to resort to tile hatch-
et to test its grade and quality.
*
A Kink in Peach Culture.
editor Florida Agriculturist.
Somei time ago I wrote you an article
on Peach Culture, and how I managed
to have a good crop each year.
This will lie ilmy ninth year in sue-
-ession in Florida. still, I Imay not be
sure this year.
Last fall when I came home I found
the leaves all off imy trees and setting
blooml and fruit first of October.
Now tllat hlad to lie stopped at once,
so I gave tlheln good cultivating, and
then watched results, and it turned out
just its I expected.
New leaves started and the bloom
ilwas checked at once.
And to my entire satisfaction it has
stayed checked. Just a bud or two on
a tree ill bloom, some trees none at all.
Buds all dormant and not even swell-
ing.
So I think I may expect a crop again
tllis spring on lily Jewell peach trees,
Waldo's the same.
But lted Ceylon I could not entirely
check, andl they are still blooming and
setting fruit, some of the fruit half
grlownl. land soime of the Jewell peaches
that set on last fall will ripen soon as
leaves come out. Scarcely a fruit drop-
led that set in the fall. Well. I'll have
early peaches sure this season.
Many other trees that I know of
Iihve been out in full bloom for a
couple of weeks that have been given
the usual cultivation, or rather the lack
of it.
So I feel quite sure I have the key
toI successful weacli culture in Florida.
All this h1ill region around Lake-
montl extending from Avon Park to
Iaines ('ity. andl known as the Excel-
sior Lake Region, will yet be known
for its excellent fruit and peaches in
particular.
While we have more or less cold ev-
ery winter still we have a favored sec-
tion as regards climate.
So far in imy grove it tlie Silver Lake
Fruit Farml,there has not been alny
frost this year--the first time I could
say this since '95. 40 degrees has been
the lowest so far.
My citrus fruit has mostly gone for-
ward and prices highly satisfactory.


WeA r rATE-1TERSW


SoIIm of lily neighbors still hold theirs.
lint I prefer to sell when it brings a
good to fancy price, and give tie trees
:i little rest, for soon the new growth
will start. Indeed. iany groves are in
bloom, but liny old trees haven't moved
at all yet: no, nor won't for some time
yet. The last to hlsooin and first to
lipell: odd. isn't it? But this is the way
I want it to do.
(;roves in the vicinity ill look well
in11d give promise of a fine crop of
fruit. B. 31. Hampton.
Silver Lake Fruit Farm, Lakemont,
Florida.
*
Horse Talk by an Old-Timer.
The warlike people of Eastern Eu-
rope and( Asia have long had the horse
at his best, so far as intelligence, dash,
spirit and other qualities desirable in
ai war-horse go. Xenophon lived about
2.:3W years ago. lie was an expert
horseman, taking 1an .b-tive part in the
exIlalition of Cyrus against his elder
brother, tile King of Persia. After his
experience inl w '.- iind public life, he
S.eenms to have retired to a quiet life
in the country and devoted a part of
his time to literary work. Perhaps
something of interest in these days
may le learned from this man's trea-
tise onl horsemi ship. He gives some
iinsltrluctions ias to how "aa man may
ie least deceived in purchasing a
horsee" There' is a bit of humor in
that word least. Evidently horse deals
then were not represecnt:aions of crys-
tallized honesty any more than now.
lHe says one should tirst hlok at the
feet, for, "as a horse without an ade-
qlnute foundation is of hut little use,
n, matter how fine tile upper part, so
ai walrhorse with badly-shaped feet is
worthless, for none of his other ad-
vantages caln ie brought into action."
llundniess of feet depends upon thick-
Inss or thinness of hoof, and whether
tlhly are high or low before and 1le-
hind. the liigh ones Ibeing best, as they
Iprolectt lhe tenller illside of the foot.
A hoof tliat gives a hollow sound when
struck is considered liest. Tlie bones
of tlhe leg should ie thick, but not cov-
ered witli fat tiesli or large veins, for,
when going through rough roads. the
veins lbeollne distended with Iblood, and
troublesome swellings of the legs re-
sult. Flexible knees are nIost desir-
lable, as horses of this type are less 11-
able to stunlbll The arms should be
large and fleshy. chest wide, and legs
considerally separated, so that there
is no danger of their striking when
traveling. The lne'k should not lean
forward like a hog's lbut be upright
f o0111 tlle chItesi. and slender at the arch;
thile head iony with a siinall jawbone,
aInd tile inside of both jaws either
hard or lender. for those with dissimi-
lar jaws are hard to manage. Wide
nostrils anld plrolllinent eyes render the
horse more terrible in appearance (a
Ipint considered of espiecial importance
ill old-time wa rfarei. iand more vigil-
anlit. lie should have high shoulder
points, anll broad anl d lieslhy loins and
haiunches. In estim1a4ting ilie grown-up
height of a young colt. lie states that
it is illvariably true that the one with
the longest shank bones turns out to be
the largest. Though most of his rules








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


for training refer to animals intended the price of living here into considera-
for use under the saddle, he gives some tioll;
general principles. The foal must be I have not overdrawn this, as there
made to understand that hunger, thirst are plenty of every day staples that
and irritation are the result of solitude, we have to pay not only double for,
and that food, drink and freedom from but four times as much as they cost
Irritation are procured through men. in the United States. If Mr. Osborn
Probably some misused work horses calls three cents a pound a high price
nowadays, would reverse this, and pre- for honey, will he in his next article
fer to take their chances in running rise and tell us what he would call a
wild. When the colt once learns this low price?-Letter in Gleanings In Bee
lesson, he has no dread of man. Then Culture.
tie groom should lead him through *
a crowd and nake him approach all Johnson Grass a Stayer.
kinds of sights and sounds, teaching The abundance of testimony to the
Iim by gentleness instead of harshness evils of Johnson grass indicates how
that whichever of these he dreads most generally that agrostological product is
is not dangerous. In judging a riding despised by those who know it best,
horse it is necessary to see how he re- and should serve as a warning to all
ceives the bit in his mouth, whether against permitting its introduction into
difficult to manage while riding, and if new territory.
he can be stopped readily or turned Mrs. Albert Jolnson, of Gordon, Tex.,
quickly when going at full speed. writes The Farmers Voice: "The John-
However, an animal that cannot do all son is a wonderful grass, but it is con-
these things perfectly may fail simply sidered to be more a curse than a bless-
fronn Iack of experience. Excessively ing. It will grow from three to five
timid horses should be guarded against, feet higl, make three tons of hay a
and also those that are fierce to- year to tie acnre, sells well and all stock
ward other horses or man. lie thinks eat it greedily. Its roots grow as large
that the Iest stable floor is one in as a man's finger and a half yard long,
which tapering stones about the size and furnish fine food for hogs. But
of the hoof are placed close together. once you get the grass started, you just
When not ill use the animal should :an't get rid of it; a severe drought
not stand by the manger all the time, does not hurt it. but It will start right
as le will go to his meals with better off on a vigorous growth after the first
relish if lie lhas been away from feed- rainl. It is when the seed ripens that
ing place some time. All grooming the trouble begins. The winds blow
ought to be done outside, and he con- them into other fields and wherever
siders it a good plan to have the outer they go they are sure to grow, and
yard covered with several loads of there appears to be no way to get rid
round stones, as standing on these of it once it gets a start."
part of a day gives him about the same And Albert Morton, of Longwood,
exercise as going over a stony road. Fla.. writes concerning this grass:
He protests against the currycomb on "I have just read in The Farmers
tile parts of the horse where the bones Voice T. .1. I'ledger's opinion of John-
coine near the surface, brushing or son grass. Twenty years ago I set a
washing being tile better plan. Hun- lawn of sixteen square rods of Bermu-
dreds of horses that suffer needless4or- da grass. In a few years it doubled
ture by being scraped on the hind, in extent, and I have expended over
backbone and legs by a rough curry- 344) days or dollars in getting rid of
comb handled by a still more rough it, and join Mr. P. and the rich man
human Ieing, would appreciate the in tile story of Dives and Lazarus in
mode of cleaning suggested by Xeno- warning others to keep out of that
phon. The brutal treatment they re- place of torment. Others have set out
ceive is what makes many horses in the stuff. and none will live to see the
such dread of being cleaned. Those end of it, while the land will sustain
that are not hurt needlessly enjoy this any vegetation. It looked well in or-
dry bath. There is a great difference ange groves at first, but now not a
in horses about this also, and those grove thrives where it is. One horse
that are very nervous or thin-skinned, cannot pull a plow through tile land."
should have most consideration. He -Fanrmers Voice.
Believes also in allowing a horse his ,
full mane and tail, as these were given Growing Oranges Under Tents in
hini by Nature to help in removing flies Florida.
and other troublesome things that he
cannot get at in any other way.-Rural i'lorida orange trees are not rolled
New Yorker. up in blankets every night, but they
are cared for about as effectually. The
growers have not forgotten February
Cuba-A. ew Plain Facts for Those a year ago w1-en the mercury dropped
Who Think of Going There. from thirty-five degrees to twenty de-
It is quite a while since I had the agrees anld miles of trees covered with
green foliage and heavy with fruit
pleasure of writing to Gleanings; but turned into black trunks and branches
after reading Mr. Osbori's article on with most of tie leaves and fruit lit-
page 91., I should like to give my tearing tie ground. On the day before
view on conditions here, and :ask ;1i'n tile blizzard a mnl near DeLand had
for information. all offer of $90.i00) for his grove with
I think a man with a little money the fruit on the branches, but he re-
had better stay out of Cuba, no matter fused it. A day after he would have
how much push and perseverance he sold it for $1.000 if he could have
Ihas. A good doctor or dentist who has found a buyer.
a good paying practice here, or some This is the reason why one who goes
one holding a government or other good through the orchard district sees many
paying job, if his personal habits are funny things in groves. By the side
not too extravagant, can afford to go of each tree in some of the groves,
into bee-keeoing here. two or three boxes are lying on the
Mr. Osborn says the price of every- ground. If the weather man says that
thing is high. I think this should a cold snap is coming, one side of each
read, "The price of everything we buy box is taken off, they are dragged ar-
is high, and what we have to sell is ound the tree and when the sides are
worth nothing." put back the trunk and branches are
Let us take honey. The price of the completely hidden. In the bottom of
lIest honey at the present writing is 40 each box a small hole is cut, which
cents per gallon, Spanish gold. This is gives one tile idea of a home-made dog-
eqlual to :1; cents American. It costs house. This is for inserting the lamp
the bee-keepers here on all average, or other warning apparatus in case it
$3.00 for freight and cartage on the is needed.
empty and full hogshead of honey (100 The owner's next door neighbor may
gallons. This brings the price down to have what looks like a sail wrapped
:3t cents per gallon, or two and three- around a mast, with all elbow near the
fourths cents per pound. Now, the top, standing beside each of his trees.
cost of living here is more than don- When tie weather is sunny and the
ble what It Is in the United States; so, temperature is normal, lie pays no at-
compared with the bee-keepers of Am- tention to the arrangement, but if the
erica, ias we have to live by our pro- weather man says there is danger of
duct, we arc getting the very high a frost, the orange grower hustles
price of one and three-eighths cents along tlie rows of trees, untying the
per pound for honey. cords which fasten the cloth to the
In tile same issue of Gleanings I see pole. Then lie waits for more news,
Mr. Aikin criticized for selling his hon- and if he decides that a frost is com-
ey for i cents. He'd better sell out ing. he sumnnons all the hands and the
up there and come to Cuba, where lie cloth is drawn around the tree. The
can get the very high price of one and crook in the mast extends to a point
three-eighth cents per pound, taking over the top. As a result the branches


are completely covered and the tree I ----
looks like one of tie patent lawn tents iR FN A F -
so popular in the summer, only it Is .25 CefltS
made of cheap muslin, instead of pret- / L f !cen I
ty striped canvas. This muslin is cov- Oniti., Few- ".f, I
ered with a mixture of paraffin or some hr nu,. wheC.
other substance which is mildew and 1Ei fti. O.
rainproof, so that it will stand the ber m iil. y",o d Witt
weather. It is attached by rings to a
framework in the shape of a hoop ~iaB Gowitt 1 m I
which encircles the tree, and to close A; o ... s.. I
the tree, as the growers say, means to '" ,P*.*,
pull the cloth around the hoop by the F orthis i nal m 10e.'
rings. w bi tr and O Farm I
rings. Bi,,g ly y 6101. p1 ,d. i
Fast time is made in closing up the ,w O 4r. = h7 %ndd s v-eS* n 1
trees and there is as much rivalry lt.oS..r r - .
about it as among village hose com-
panies in going to a fire. Some tents JO LLA l
are called half-minute tents, as only ----- ---
thirty seconds are required to loosen
the cords, pull the cloth around the Iitten. They range all the way from
sides and tops and fasten it ready for two to six feet in height and can be
the frost. moved wherever needed.
At another orchard the visitor may Stoves of all kinds, from the ordinary
see rows of trees, big and little, witn cooking stove to an arrangement made
wooden framework on each side sup- '"f sheet iron, a few inches high, are
porting a roof made of boards. A ilso used in extrtinmely cold weather,
closer view shows folds of cloth be- while Florida has become one of the
tween the framework and the roof. By lrilncipal markets in the United States
pulling two or three cords the cloth lfor oil stoves. When the temperature
falls to the ground around the frame- ge'ts below -20 degrees ordinary hand
work :and( a few hundred feet away i-linps placed ill olne of the tents will
the rows of trees look like little shan- keep tie air waril enough to protect
ties such as railroad men use, except the tree and burn from twelve to eigh-
that they have no windows and no t(-4," hollrs without being filled, accord-
stovepilpe projecting from the side. The ing to tile size of the reservoir. Heat
shedl tents are to cover tie smaller Ls also converted by links of stove pipe
and more tender trees. hlroiugh tile larger sheds, where not so
Another curious device looks like a muich tire is needed. Stoves or sala-
candle snuffer on a large scale. A pole wanderss are put up in the corners and
is planted at the side of the tree. Ipiping run between the rows of trees,
From tile top is a sort of swinging I 'ing wired to the wood supporters.
derrick made of heavy wire. Suspended At conventions of the fruit growers
from the derrick by a pulley is the tree tilhe question of the best way of cover-
cover, which, in ordinary weather is ing tp tile trees arouses as much dis-
wrapped in folds. It is raised and low- 'lissioll as the best brand of fertilizers.
ered like an are lamp in a city street, 'he growers are divided into the shed
and by pulling a string the folds are mel' and the tent men. The results of
loosened and the covering drops over thle protection show that oranges can
the top and sides to the ground. When ibe grown if the groves are properly
the danger is past it is hoisted into cared for in spite of the Northern bli-
position as the trimmer hoists the zards, which recently have had a habit
lamp upon the pole and the cloth is of sweeping over the state. Several
again gathered into folds. In shape it companies have organized to manufac-
resembles the tent affair already refer- ture sheds and tents of various kinds
red to. and one of them has for its motto,
But many of tile groves live in regu- "'reeze or no freeze, we can raise or-
ir ihonses from autumn until spring. ges." -Jacksouville (Fla.) Corre-
Near Titnsville is a plantation of thir- spiinipmce New York Sun.
ty-seven acres all under one roof, if it
can be called a roof. Around the out- What is the Farmer to DoP
side is erected a framework for sup- There are sixteen counties in Penn-
porting tle roof. The roof itself is re- sy'h-alia which the census returns
ally a shutter oil a huge scale, divided show have less population in 1900 than
into slats e:ch of which is from six they had in 1890. There are sixteen
to eiglt inches wide and about ten other counties in each of which the in-
feet ill length. The ends of the slats crease of population has been less than
work like ordinary window slats. In 1,OW. None of these twenty-two coun-
fair weather they are opened, as well ties contains large towns. The main
as tie sides of the shed, so that e s air industry of the inhabitants is farming.
can circulate -freely and the tree re- The same conditions are shown by
ceive sunshine. As soon as the weath- tile census returns for New York state.
er predictions indicate frost, men with Twenty-two of the farming counties
long poles go through the grove and il that commonwealth show a loss of
turn tile slats from a verticle to a hor- population since 1890, and in each of
izontal position, in other words, close live others the gain was less than 1,000.
the shutters. Then they close the sides None of these counties contain large
of the slied and the grove is completely towns.
housed in. Tile gain of 19.8 per cent. in popula-
A number of Maine Yankees have tion of Pennsylvania and of 21.1 per
Ieen interested in raising oranges for cent. in the population of New York
several years, and some of them were state has been made nearly altogether
caught in tihe big freeze of February, in the urban and manufacturing dis-
1K)to. They have also taken up the tricts. The drift is cityward; the
housing idea in different ways. One towns grow; the strictly rural popular.
man has his orchard surrounded by a tions dwindle. Men and women go
shed of pine boards. At the top, rows where life is more attractive. It may
of wire extend from side to side, to be easier to subsist in town than in
which are fastened strips of cotton tile country, but that is not a desirable
cloth, painted with some combination state of things. Goldsmith's celebrat-
to make it waterproof. When he wish- ed plaint is as true now as when he
es to cover the trees, the strips are slid wrote it:
along, the wires from one side to the Ill fares thie land, to hastening ills a
other iy poles and the whole grove can prey,
le closed in two hours. Another form Where wealth accumulates, and men
of shed is put up in the fall and re- decay.
mains there until spring. It is really It is the duty of statesmen to consid-
a greenhouse bn a large scale, as the er how far bad legislation has been re-
top is composed principally of window sponsible for the hard conditions which
panes, which can be swung open in make farming in the Eastern and Mid-
pleasant- weather and closed before (die States of tie Union a less and less
frost comes. This is a very expensive inviting occupation. The cheap and
affair, however, and is used in only productive lands of the Western States.
one or two places. aided by remarkably low rates of trans-
But the orchard men do not depend portation on farm products, have made
simply upon sheds, tents and boxes it impossible for Eastern farmers to
for warmth. Some of the sheds are compete in the production of the great
equipped with what are called sala- staples of export to foreign countries.
nmandars, which are made of cast iron Ever since the inflated greenback days
rings overlapping one another. The of tile civil war time farms have been
grate forms tile bottom. They are overruled for purposes of taxation.
tilled with wood or coke and six of Thle exemptioii of farm lands from
tihem will warm the air sufficiently to state taxation in l'ennsylvania has on-
keep an acre of trees from being frost- ly hlad the effect of making more costly








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 115


the service of corporations, which ap-
iparently hear the burden of shifted
taxation, but which arc really only
state agencies of tax collection. The
farmers have been driven to dairying,
trucking and fruit growing. The small
farmers who have not gone West or
to town have largely given up the
struggle to make ends meet. Improved
processes of butter and cheese produc-
tion are rapidly changing the dairying
business into a more strictly manufac-
turing occupation. The creameries
will soon monopolize not only the mak-
ing of butter but of butter substitutes,
which is now fraudulently put upon
the market as real butter.
What is the farmer to do? He has
it in his power to relieve himself of the
weight of unfair taxation. He can take
care of himself if he shall set about it.
If instead of abandoning his farm and
remaining away from the polls on the
day of election he should attend the
party primaries and make himself felt
In the choice of proper officials he
would soon be master of the situation.
If the farmers should use their power
all the professional politicians of the
country could not keep them front the
attainment of just weight in the con-
duct of government. The farmers can
compel the corporations and combina-
tions to fair dealing whenever they
shall choose to do so.-Philadelphia
Record.
*
Among the Peasants of the Hill Dis-
tricts of Jamaica.
But what is a "pear?" Just glance
at that tall slender tree with pinnate
leaves nearly the size of the palm of
your hand. Large fruit, colored light
green or deep purple, hang from its
branches; they have the shape of an
English pear; whence probably the
name. But the avocado pear is really
a vegetable, needing, for all prepara-
tion, only to be cut open with a knife,
the soft greenish pulp being easily re-
moved from the seed it encloses. Now
a pear is in the opinion of many per-
sons quite the equal of butter, and is a
much more substantial article of diet;
so the Negro peasant has his dinner
growing at his very door; for with
a breadfruit, a few bananas, and a
pear or two lie certainly cannot starve.
The tree with large, red pods hang-
ing from its branches is the akee.
Some of the pods are open, and inside
them may le seen three soft yellowish
things at the end of each of which is
a glos-y jet black seed. The people
have a riddle about this vegetable, and
if you are ever asked, what is the name
of the man with the red coat, black
cap and yellow body? answer "Akee,"
and you have guessed the riddle. The
akee is by no means to be despised as
an article of food, but it has an ugly
reputation which unfortunately it only
too well deserves. Perhaps you dined
on akees yester-night and even passed
a favorable opinion on their flavor.
Imagine your horror, then, on taking
up a newspaper the next morning to
find in it a paragraph like the fol-
lowing: "A woman and her five chil-
dren, suffering from akee poisoning
were taken to the hospital yesterday.
During the afternoon three of the chil-
dren died. A post mortem examina-
tion will be held, etc."
I have heard two theories as to the
reason why the akee is poisonous; one
is, because it is eaten before the pod
is sufficiently open; the other, because
the pod has been open too long. Now
here are two excellent reasons, each
diametrically opposed to the other,
each advanced with great confidence
and each enlisting on its side a num-
ber of faithful adherents who wage an
internecine wordy warfare. Having in
view this state of things, one is strong-
ly of a mind to accept, with regard to
eating akee, Punch's advice to those
about to get Imarried-Don't!
See those tiny hillocks? Those 1
mean, covered with a green creeper
Hearing pretty purple flowers? Dig
into any of thcn and you will find,
good nundllr of sweet potatoes-es-
culent tulers about the size of an ap-
ple, and having a distinctly sweet fla-
vor. They are, I understand, the pota-
to proper. Not so nutritious as the
yam, but somewhat more so than the
banana, the sweet potato is much ap-
preciated by the Negroes; and an acre
of land put in them is of considerable
worth. It has an aesthetic as well as
an economic value too, for the potato


flower is :a beautiful sight, the purple
flowers being well set off by the back-
ground of dark green leaves.
And those trees with fruit of some-
what oval shape? They are the cele-
brated mango. which you connect more
with India. its birthplace, than with
the West Indies. These trees are laden
with fruit which hang, green and
golden. among the leaves. Lord!
how the children-black, white and
brown-delight in the prospect before
them! From one to two dozen of the
best sort of mango will you get for
three half pence in the towns; and
of the inferior kinds you may have
four dozen. But in the country-such
at least has been my experience-you
need not trouble to pay for them.
Will you have a pineapple? Three
pence will buy you one of the finest.
Or oranges? A penny will get you
more than you can eat. There they
hang from the tree-balls of red gold-
and, sucking one, you remember that
Froude it was who declared that the
finest orange he ever tasted in England
was inferior to the worst lie ever ate
in .Jamaica. Take care that you do
not repeat his mistake though, and
bite a Seville orange thinking it to
be sweet. Froude's eyes and nose must
have smarted for hours after doing
that.
Looking around we see still more
fruit and still more vegetables in this
and in surrounding provision grounds.
I fear to weary the reader, yet would
I beg a little more time just to re-
mark that those tall stalks jointed at
every three or four inches, crowned
with long spears of beautiful dark
green, and shooting forth from the
summit a slender stick topped with a
bunch of something that looks like
grey down, is the world-famed sugar
cane. Beautiful it is to see a field of
cane in full bloom. Stretching far into
the distance is a mass of waving green
and grey. The sun's rays light upon it
with peculiar splendor. Through the
mass, cutting it in two perhaps, runs
the river which turns the sugar mill,
and looking for all the world like a
silver serpent.
But this, of course, of a large estate.
\An acre is about all that the Negro
peasant can afford to give up to the
cultivation of cane, and even then
he must lie fairly well off, and, for him,
a large landowner.
The Negroes manufacture their own
sugar which of course, is never ex-
ported -a thick, clanmmy, brown sub-
stance, extremely heavy, and with ful-
ly fifty per cent. of molasses in it It
is not every peasant who possesses a
sugar mill and the necessary boiling
aplparttus; but the more well-to-do
have them. and any one may grind his
cane and boil his sugar at his neigh-
bor's for a consideration. I have seen
a peasant manufacturing his "wet" or
"new" sugar as it is called and very
interesting is the process.
First the canes must be cut. A few
blows with the cutlass suffice to take
off their head-dress and to remove
them from the soil. They are then
tied into Iundles and either packed on
tile back of a donkey or hoisted on to
the heads of the women and children.
Carried to the mill, the bundles are
piled up nearby, and the canes thrust,
two or three at a time, between the
rollers which press out the juice, or
"liquor." The mill is turned by a
mule and the liquor runs through a
bamboo gutter into a barrel or some
other large vessel; it is taken thence
into the "boiling house," where are
three large tackles, or "coppers," with
a holding capacity of about thirty gal-
lons each. These coppers are built into
a fire place and under them a fire is
made, tilhe fuel chiefly consisting of
the dried pressed stems of tile cane.
Into the first copper the cane liquor,
slacked with white lime, is poured, and
as this copper is farthest away from
the fire it never boils furiously. After
simmering for some time ill this tache,
the liquor is conveyedd to the second
tache, and from that to the third, by
a process known as "skimming." In
this last copper the liquor boils until
it becomes thick and ropy. It is then
poured into five gallon cans to cool.
This sugar is sold in the local markets.
Now. leaving "Professor's" provision
ground, let us take a walk around the
district.
Here is a large tree without a single
leaf, but studded with small red or


__


yellow plums. Towering above it are
other trees with leaves of a double
color--the surface a glossy green, the
under-surface a light brown. From
the branches depend numerous round,
shiny fruit, green or purple in line.
Cut one or two and you will find the
pulp and seeds symmetrically arrang-
ed in the shape of a star, whence the
name of the fruit, the star-apple. It
is with difficulty that the star-apple is
detached from the tree; so that when
a peasant tells you that "you cubbich
(greedy) like a star-apple," he means
that you are unique for meanness
amongst mean men even. The star-ap-
ple can be eaten in its natural state
when ripe, of course, but if you mix
tile flesh of it with the juice of the
orange, and add ice, white sugar, a
dasi of sherry and a little spice, you
have a delicious mixture, known as
matrimony. Some sugar and wine are
also needed to mix the granadilla with,
but the rich-flavored naseberry, the
heavy custard apple, the sweet and
soursop, the pawpaw, and the many
other fruits which I will not even try
to enumerate, you may devour as you
please. I myself would not eat the
papaw for anything, yet I owe it a
debt of gratitude. A small bit of green
pawpaw boiled along with a venerable
fowl reduced the latter to tenderness
once when I was in the hills and it
was a case of old fowl or nothing with
me. I have heard it said, I know not
with what truth, that a horse tied to
the tree during the night will be found
dead tile next morning. In appearance
the pawpaw tree is very beautiful. Full
grown it rises to a height of about thir-
ty feet; it very rarely has branches;
the leaves grow on long stalks, each
leaf being fully two feet in diameter.
The trunk is slender, at its thickest
part not being more than eight inches
in diameter. All in all a pawpaw tree
reminds one of a huge umbrella.
Walking on we come upon some
small "coffee pieces;" like the one we
saw this morning they are in full
bloom. When those blossoms have
dropped off tiny green berries will ap-
pear; becoming larger they will change
to dull red. They are then ripe. After
being picked, pulped, dried, and all the
rest of it. the coffee is fully prepared.
All you have now to do is to roast the
grains to a dark brown, grind them
fine ill a mill, draw and "flavor with
sugar and milk to taste"-as the cook-
ery Iboks have it. And when it is well
prepared, what a treat! I have read
the following anecdote wnich if not
true ought to be so: "Anl Indian chief,
dressed in a robe of great beauty,
canle in contact with a trader, who
tried every Ileans to secure the cov-
eted garment. At last the meeting ter-
minated with the accustomed treat of
coffee. The chief was one of the first
to gratify his palate with the beverage.
It seemed as if his spirit had been
roused by some unseen power. IHe
pressed eagerly for more and delighted
at receiving a second supply, he threw
upon the trader, as an expression of
his joy, the magnificent robe that mon-
ey could not purchase."-Jamaica
Ti ells.

To Sweeten Cistern Water.
I note in your supplement to your
issue of the 25th, a paragraph on cis-
tern water which is so wrong in both
theory and practice that I wish to give
your readers a better "water gospel."
Cistern water is not "sweet at the
top from the later inpourings" but is
sweet at the top because the top is all
the time in contact with the air. When
air is admitted to the bottom of the
cistern in sufficient quantity and at
frequent intervals, all the water in the
cistern is kept sweet.
Not only so, lint a very foul cistern
can be completely sweetened by forc-
ing air down to the bottom, and it does
not require a large quantity of air
either. All that is needed mechani-
cally to sweeten a foul cistern, or to
keep any cistern sweet, is to use a
chain pump, or better a bucket pump,
set so as to take the water from near
the bottom, say four to six inches
above the bottom. As the disks on the
chain, or the buckets, where-a bucket
pump is used, bring up water on one
side they carry air down on the other,
and by this means the water in a large
cistern will be sufficiently aerated by
the simple process of pumping out of
it what water the family uses.


Over-Work Weakens
Your Kidneys.

Unhealthy Kidneys Make Impure Blood.

All the blood in your body passes through
your kidneys once every three minutes.
The kidneys are your
= blood purifiers, they fil-
)ter out the waste or
impurities in the blood.
If they are sick or out
of order, they fail to do
their work.
Pains, aches and rheu-
matism come from ex-
cess of uric acid in the
blood, due to neglected
kidney trouble.
Kidney trouble causes quick or unsteady
heart beats, and makes one feel as though
they had heart trouble, because the heart is
over-working in pumping thick, kidney-
poisoned blood through veins and arteries.
It used to be considered that only urinary
troubles were to be traced to the kidneys,
but now modern science proves that nearly
all constitutional diseases have their begin-
ning in kidney trouble.
If you are sick you can make no mistake
by first doctoring your kidneys. The mild
and the extraordinary effect of Dr. Kilmer's
Swamp-Root, the great kidney remedy is
soon realized. It stands the highest for its
wonderful cures of the most distressing case
and is sold on its merits
by all druggists in fifty-
cent and one-dollar siz-
es. You may have a
sample bottle by mail Home of Swamp-Root.
free, also pamphlet telling you how to fine'
out if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
Mention this paper when writing Dr. Kilmer
I& Co., Binghamton, N. Y.

Budded and Grafted
Mulgoba Mangoes.
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
United States.
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH,
West Palm Beach, Fla.


W. E. FRENCH,
VETERI NARIAN,
Will Treat all Diseases or uomesticat-
ed Animals.

SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
A Specialty.
DAYTONA. FLORIDA.


TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
Por-polishing, cleaning
or washing oranges
and lemons, without
injury and at slight ex-
petise.
WRIGHT BROS.
Riverside, Cal.
Phillips & Fuller Co., Tampa, agents
for Florida..


If a bucket pump is used no tubing
will be needed; if a chain pump, it
will be necessary to put in two tubes,
one to bring up the water and one on
the opposite side to take the air down.
The bucket pump costs less, both in
tirst outlay and in repairs, and does
better work with less expenditure of
"muscle."
InI tie house where 1 :am living no
water has been used for forty years ex-
cept cistern water. Nothing whatever
is done to purify it except to pump air
in whenever water is p lumped out. No
sweeter or purer water can be found
anywhere. And it is never anything
but sweet.
Neither chair nor bucket pumps are
patented; anybody may make them.
I do not know where in the South,
they are carried in stock, but in Chica-
go. Cincinnati, St. Louis, or any North-
ern jobbing centre. they are listed il
all jolbling liharwalre catalogues. I
should think either Chlttanooga or At-
lanta inrms would have them.-Miami
Metropolis.








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Cribbing.
C'rilt-bihing and wind-sucking a
only unpleasant hablits to witne
in tlie Icouhrse of time Ibeomlie p
iital to health and efficiency by
I ise to gastric and iltestinal d
allce; lad it is notorious that
allillals IlN-olne so distended I
air they have swallowed that the
not lie down. and are scarcely I
turn around. ('olic aid indigesti
consequently frequent. with 14
4ondlition and debility. Dilation
stolinach and thinning of its wa
generally found oil tle 'examinat
it chronic crillb-bite or wind-sucke
death, with marked increase in i
cerillin of tlhe muscles involved
nact.
The prevention of tile habit
course all-important. A crib-bi
wind-sucker should be kept apar
all other horses. particularly
ones. and stable mnliaglement nm
attended to ill the matter of f<
watering, and position. With reI
the latter, tiring positions, and k
the horse in one wearying attitu
hours during the day, should be
edl. Horses kept from their e
days inl loose Ioxes rarely, if ev
quire the habit.
With regard to the treat
crib-biting this can only be pal
when the habit has become inve
At the collmencement the horse
have plenty of work or exercise
not be left too long standing idle
stable. If possible he should b
in a loose box, or in a stall from
everything he alln seize or re
mouth upon must le removed.
must lie no manger, or if one
be used it should be placed o
ground, and removed as soon
horse has finished feeding out
But It is generally more advant:
to feed out of a nose-bag.
If a crib-biting horse must st
a stable where it is impossible 1
vent him from indulging in the
then Ii I1ust wear a muzzle wh
feeding; but it is evident that
not a very satisfactory means o
vention. and. therefore. a crib-bi
wind-sucking strnlp worn aroul
upler part of the neck and U
pressure on the larynx, and throw
on pharynx and windpipe, is gei
preferred. This, if properly ima
applied. prevents the pharynx 1
ing filled to such :an extent wi
that it can IM swallowed, and
Iinders tile contraction of tle
muscles involved in the habit.
great objection of this strap is t
in the course of time, may lead
fornlity and distortion of tihe
and upper part of the windpil
with care there is not niluch dal
such aI result.--lr. teo. Flem'
Iike Stock Journal.

The Poor Farm.
The county commissioners hay
teorge It. Mobley. of Center H
bushels of velvet leans to be i
fattening his bleef cattle. The
are part of a crop grown on th
Fanrm, near Leesburg. and brou
cents ier hushel. It is estilati
the crop. which is now being
will measure up to 400 bushels
worth lit the lowest estimate $
There are other crops being gro
tile farm. and this year with fal
seasons there will be a large and
able yield. Superintendent Colli
in town last week when lie told
work that is being done on tl
mprtant property of the county.
was wisely provided by the ci
sioners for tile comfort of our ii
poor. Five acres of new lain
Ihenl taken in this year and
planted. All told, twenty acrl
lie planted lli general field crop:
-is corn. potatoes. velvet beans, c
lpeis. etc.. together witlh a lar]
vaillab crop of guavas, which
protected for several winters.
the Poor IFariul has not lbee
sustaining. still it is far less exi
than tle former pauper system
from now oni. ;s more general f
will lie engaged in on the Farn
ing almost ill tlle products, in
bicon. that will be retluired, it
tidently expected by the commis
that it will Ibecolme almost if no
self-sustaining. Time is demo
ing that the commissioners actet
ly in establishing the Lake count
Farm.-Leesburg Commercial.


Making Cucumbers Fruit.
ire not Mrs. L. 31. F.. of Vermont, complains T
ss, but that her cuuiniber vines produce at
rejudi- lirst ; large number of false-that is.
giving ihalrI bIlossomls. and asks me if there
istiur)- is ;ny way to make tlleml produce fruit
sonie llossolms earlier, a:lnd thus get ian earli-
hy the ,r ilanld larger crop. We might do a
y canl- great deal of theorizing on this ques- Use Peruna
bible to tion. It is well known that anything
on are that threatens the life of a plant, such
oss of is tnl injury or want of food or ex-
of the cessively dry weather, is apt to induce
lls are the pliant to produce fruit. Sometimes
tion of .we will lind I dying apple tree full of
r after fruit luds and setting fruit heavily
size of when healthy and thrifty trees around
in the it produce no bloom or fruit. For that
'reason it has been suggested to start .
is of plants under glass. in pots, boxes or
ter or inverted soils. In the expectation that
t from tihe check which they surely will re-
young ceive in the transfer to open ground
ust be will set them to early fruiting. This
feeding, is prolbaly the most feasible method
gard to of producing early fruit. It has also
keeping been suggested to plant old seed-that
ide for is. seed wliicll has lost some of the or-
avoid- iginal vigor-thus producing a weaker
earliest plant, which will set fruit earlier than
er, ac- a very thrifty one. I will say, how-
ever. that it is natural for these run- Pogtoelce Building, Montg
ent of ning vines to produce at tirst a lot of
Iliative male staminatee) blossoms. and then Hon. John C. Leftwich,
-terate. tlhe true fruit blossoms afterward. Na- Public Moneys, whose ofic
should ture is bound to give plenty or oppor- magnificent building above
e, and tunities for pollination, rand produces letter written from Montgo
in the the pollen which represents the male says:" I take pleasure in rec
e kept principle in greatest profusion. The Peruna as an excellent ton
which most we can do in order to hurry our recommended to me by those
st his cucumbers to early fruiting is to plant used it as a good catarrh cur
There them early. or perhaps start them un-
has to der glass, and to have the soil for them Hon. Robert Barer, Regi
n the well supplied with plant foods in well- States Land Office, also w
as the balanced proportions. In case there Montgomery, Ala.: "For
of it. should be an excess of nitrogenous hve been sufferefromc
ageous matter in the soil the plants would be ae s fertr
liable tlo make a very succulent growth, lnipient stage, so much s
and in lots of vilne, Issibly with an abun- came depressed and feared
to pre- lance of "false" blossoms and few wasgenerallyla a decline.
habit, fruit blossoms. These plants need pot- ng of Peruna as a good r
en not asli and phosphoric acid as well as lni-t a air tri and soon
this is trogen. and somletilnes tile application nl t i tr **d sooa "'
of pre- of wood aslhes to otherwise well man- prove. Itseffectsweredst
ting or ured soil will have l tendency to start tfdal, removing the annoj
id the tlie fruiting more promptly when the loms and was particularly
making vine growth would otherwise have tonlc"
lugll it been excessive. I tiam great believer
lerally il the free use of good stable man- Hon.J.K.Burke,Collectol
de and lire for all these garden crops.-Farmn Mobile, Ala., writes:" Perun
becom- adml Fireside. ommend as a fine medicine.
itl air * used in my family and as
it also Dairy Notes. excellent. I take pleasure i
special At the Missouri dairymlen's conven- to its fine qualities."
The tion onei speaker said he liad a herd of
lhat it, grade .Jerseys that for tile past year P. D. Barker, Postmaster
to de- had averaged liore than :314 pounds of Ala., in recent letter, says:
larynx butter per cow. and nearly all of it to send to you my testimony
ie. but li;lihd been sold ;it 2 cents ;I sipunll. He good qualities of Peruna. I
iger ot klew what it cost to feed his cows, for the past three months a
ing in about seven cents a day per liead, orli mostexcellent tonic.
$11.:ll per week for his herd, while
hte Iilade 12 llpounds of butter which
sold for $23.75.. Then the skim milk lies lind ll lcrl'ining to tl
ve sold was worth .l celts a day, or $3..-) a of the milk. Even the linenl
ill, 100 week. for feeding to pigs iand calves. loy tihe In(' wlile milking
Ised in Tills gave about $14' weekly profit. He W'rn but once without wasl
beans thought no onle could show equal profit "group f 2o co's Ils i
e Poor from Shorthorn cows. Another said wllo.te business it is to s
ght 50 that lie lind made butter fronl the gen- feeding ild milking rules
ed that eral purpose cow at a cost of 17 cents lut. All milk ;s soon ;s irn
picked, a pound. while from Jerseys lie could on to fr milk roonl a colnsi
and is make it at 11 cents, while an advocate t"h"e f'rom the stables. n
;200.00. of the Shorthorns said the calves from 'cw ia'" beIen tested for tl
wn on five well-fed Shorthorn cows would sell and no uev one is added t
vorable for $1W10, while lie could not get more until she rhs ]wen for som
profit- than $33 for the same number of Jer- ha'n apart froii the other
ns was sey calves. Tile majority of opinions prove" free from disease,
of the seemed to be that the Jersey pure tees his milk to lie from h
his im- Iredl or grade was more profitable for inals anll drawn under tle
which dairy than one with Shorthorn blood. :lb'le conditions as to cleanli
ommis- It was claimed that the Shorthorn er'eian1 ('ultivator.
idigent grade weighed 24)0 pounds more than *
I have tile grade Jersey. which it required ex- To Prevent Oranges From
will be tra food to keep up, Ia considerable item In your issue for Decenib
es will for the 10 to 1.3 years before they say lo. 0. IIoxes of fruit
s, such would be converted into beef. aind from dropping. ill your
assava that it was nis easy to obtain 300 year. and it is attributed to
ge and pounds of butter a year from the Jer- crop and unusual a:iou
lie has sey :is 2LN5 pounds fronl a Shorthorn weather. I an quite posi
While or : co iw b redl for Ibef purposes is well ellief that you (ild not toui
n self- us for milk. important factor as to frui
pensive A iman ly tell namle of Francisco SoIne day. growers will aw
m, and, started a dairy f:lrn in New Jersey 12 fact tliat tile trouble is too I
arming years ago. almost without capital. gen from some source. or to
I. rais- producing 35 quarts of milk a day. ash land phiosphate ill avail
eluding ,Now ihe lhas what is probably the larg- Solme of us in tils county I
is coll- est dairy farml in the world, keeping such to be a fact several ti
sioners 525. cows and selling 4,000 quarts of lThe statement is made i]
t quite milk every day in New York at 12 orange culture that pine la
nstrat- cents a quart. His cows, : horses and deficient in potash. while h
d wise- some pound stock made over 600 ani- not. They leave out the
ty Poor mnals on the farm. The secret of his nilt fact that while lIammo(
success is absolute cleanliness in sta- more potash than pine land,


;AM'S BUSY MEN



For Colds, Coughs and

Catarrh.


Imery, Aa.
redeemer of
e is in the
shown, in a
imery, Al.,
rmmending
ic and it is
e who have
e."
ster United
'rites from
ome time I
Itarr in its
that I e-
my health
But hear-
edy Igave
gan to Im-
nctlybene-
rig symp-
good as a

r of Port, of
aa I can rec-
It has been
a tonic it is
Testifying

of Mobile,
" Allow me
ial as to the
have used it
ad fnd it a


ie handling
suits worn
are never
ming. Each
I1 overseer
ee that all
are carried
awn is tak-
lerallle dis-
d is every
tuberculosis,
o the herd
e time in a
s, and has
he guaran-
ealthy ani-
mnost favor-
ness.-Am-


Dropping.
er tith, you
ill lbe lost
county this
thell heavy
nt of wet
tive in my
hi the most
t dropping.
taken to the
liuch nitro-
o little pot-
able forms.
lave proven
mes over.
n books on
ind is very
ammock is
all import-
ck land has
it also has


As the skin covers the outside ofthe
body, so the mucous membranes line the
inside. Every organ, every duct, every
passage, every cavity of the body, is
lined by mucous membrane. Thesemu-
cous membranes are liable from various
causes to become irritated or inflamed.
When this occurs it is called catarrh.
and catarrh may be located in the head.
nose,middle ear,throat, bronchialtubes.
or air cells of the lungs, liver, bowels
kidneys, bladder, procreative and uri-
nary organs. Wherever there is a mu-
cous membrane, there catarrh may be
also.
To be sue, catarrh of these various
organs has been known by different
sames; that Is, catarrh ot the stomach
has been called dyspepsia, catarrh ol
the keys, Bright's Disease; catar
of the bowels, diarrhea or dysentery;
catarrh of the proGarative orgas, e,.
male trouble, and o on, and so on.
But our clam that these are all oe
and the same dlsease-catarrhad
that our remedy, Peruoa, Is ppicabi
to catarrh of all of these various o.

Peruna is note "cure all" ;itures Jst
one disase-catarrh. But since catarrh
is able to fasten itself within the differ-
ent organs of the body, so it is that Pe-
runs cures affections of these organs.
But we insist that Peruna cures one dis-
ease only. We claim that Peruna is the
only internal, scientific remedy for ca
tarrh yet devised. We claim that ca-
tarrh is a systemic disease; that is to
say, it invades the whole system. We
claim that Perna is a systemic remedy
that is to say,it eradicates catarrh from
the system. Catarrh is not a local dis-
ease; Peruna is not a local remedy.
Since catarrh invades the system,only
a systemic remedy canreach it. Thisis,
in brief, our claim in assigning to the
disease-catarrh-our remedy, Peruna.
An instructive and interesting treatise
on catarrh in its different forms and
stages, will be sent free to any addrei
by The Peruna Medicine Co., Colum
bus Ohio.


In (ex-ess of nitrogen matter above
thll potash it holds.
Many growers pay a high price for
fertilizer highly charged with nitro-
genr when there is very little or no
Inck of that element in their soil, and
:I little excess is simply a poison to
small trees, and to fruit on bearing
trees. They pay out good money for
a thing that is the rankest injury to
their trees and fruit. Wet weather
simllly helps nitrogen to do its dead-
ly work. W\e must fertilize our groves
according to the soil on which they
stand. Some land is devoid of nearly
everything that will produce a tree or
fruit. Then : "complete fertilizer" is
tlhe ideal one. But if your soil has an
:ilundntce of ole or more of the es-
sentials of a complete fertilizer, then
to go aInd double those elements is
.w-rs. tllhan throwing money away. It
is like buying poison for your stock.
thinking it to be good for them.
I,'t those parties whose fruit has
dropped so Ilidly this year use a liber-
nil a:niouiit of ioNtaish as soon uas possi-
ble and again ill March and in June,
with a slii:iller quantity of acid phos-
plhate aind note tille result next year.
O f course many will not, and the
onel satisfaction is that they will be
just so nIuchi less in competition with
those whio follow correct methods. One
reason so Iiany ire so slow to learn
these simple facts is that only the mer-
est trifle of nitrogen in excess of what
makes a proper balance with other in.
gredients of a good fertilizer for citrus
fruits. will by being n such excess, do
all this mischief, and the grower can-


11n










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 117


not see how such a small amount could
do so much harm. But it does do just
that. If any one considers that I am
in error, let him say in what respect
he thinks so.
Another very important considera-
tion in the use of a due proportion of
potash and phosphate. is that it hard-
ens the young growth of citrus trees
so promptly that the white fly fails
to get in its work to the degree it at-
talus where the new growth is in a
soft succulent condition for a consider-
able time. (lose obseervers believe this
really the best treatment to suppress
the fly. My own experience confirms
this view. I have two small groves a
half a mile apart. One became infested
four years ago. I used potash freely,
and now there is hardly a trace of the
fly on foliage or fruit. The other
grove has had "complete fertilizers"
exclusively, and the fly is increasing
instead of diminishing. as where pot-
ash was used.
I have hesitated to ask space to
speak of lime. Where there is too
much nitrogenous matter like weeds
and grass. an application of lime makes
nitrogen present all the more readily
available, thus adding to the mischief.
Lime has its uses. however.-W. E.
Driscoll. in Fort Myers Press.
a
Farmers and Health.
Dr. Abbott, secretary of the Massa-
chusetts state board of health, had a
paper in a recent bulletin of the state
Ioard of agriculture on this subject
that contains some good advice for
farmers. He shows by tables of com-
parative mortality that clergymen are
longer-lived than any other class of
people and farmers come next. Mak-
ing the former the standard. 100 per
cent. the mortality among farmers is
114. He rightfully attributes the lon-
gevity of farmers to the nature of their
occupation, getting plenty of fresh,
outdoor air and exercise. But lie adds.
"Were it not for certain circumstances
lie would lead the list." He is not
careful about the indoor air. Little at-
tention is paid to ventilation of sleeping
rooms. and these rooms are generally
ten small. The water supply is not
always good. and is often bad. Care
should he taken that there should be
no drainage into wells from barnyard.
privy, etc.
The food of many farmers is not
the best. Dr. Abbott says the state
moard of health investigated this mat-
ter a few years ago and found really
good bread scarce--too often made
with unwholesome constituents for
yeast. There was too little variety, too
much fried ineit. and too much pie
and cake. There' was too little whole-
sonte recreation. and in tnilly cases
none at all really. Excessive use of
patent medicines was a general evil.
Blood purifiers are taken every spring
by the barrel. and poundss of iodide
of potash are swallowed under the
false name of sarsaparilla. and of salt-
peter under the name of kidney cure."
To these influences which tend to short-
en the average life may lie added ex-
eesslve toil and carelessness as to ex-
posulre. Many farmers labor too hard,
too many hours a day. Conditions may
seem to compel it. often. but it is ques-
tionable whether anything is ever gain-
ed by it. Farmers should think of
these things. Each should investigate
his own conditions, surroundings, hab-
its. etc.. and discover where improve-
ment can be made. Too little attention
is paid to sanitary conditions and the
laws of health by most people of all
classes.
*
Marketing Honey.
Grade the honey in as many different
classes as you have honey. Classify
everything. Do not nut a second or
third-grade honey, be it ever so little.
in a first-class lot. thinking you will
get a first-class price for it. writes A.
H. Duff in the "Epitomist." The con-
sequences are that you will get a third-
class price for your first-class honey
when you do it. Parties that handle
honey by the quantity, from all parts
of the country. are better judges of
honey than you are. as this does not
require them to lie students of api-
culture. Never use second-hand pack-
ages. Have your comb honey stored
in the best white polished sections,
cleaned thoroughly. and packed in the
best shipping cases. Put your name
and address on every package sent out


as producer of said honey. Also give the plant on a bed which is gradually
the source from which it was gather- made wider as the plant grows. Avoid
ed, one or more varieties as the case moving the plant as much as possible
may be. Perhaps the best shipping after it continences to bloom. Peanuts
package for extracted honey is the 60- should be planted in rows three feet
pound qiuare tin fcan. with a three- apart. with eighteen inches of space
inch screw cap. These cans are furn- between the hills and two nuts to the
islied by the manufacturers in pails, hill. From the 10th to the last of May
with wooden cases, two cans in a box, is tine enougli to plant. If planted in
tand usually sold at 7.5 cents per pair. wet. cold land, tile nut usually makes
Last, but not least, do not consign your a poor stand. The best preparation for
honey to strangers that you know the crop is a rye or crimson clover fal-
nothing altut. A few bogus honey low.
commission firms bob up every year, A Peanut Rotation.-As rye makes
iand somellody gets swindled. the heaviest growth, it is best for sup-
Natural (omb Building.-A great plying vegetable matter where that is
many who keep bees allow them to greatly deficient. but clover gathers
build their own comb in their natural nitrogen and improves the land. so the
way. nltd. ais :n consequence, it is im- two together liakei a nmutI li better fal-
possible to handle them. or to do any- ,ow. with very little additional cost.
tling with them, on account of the With the use of these two crops it is
combs being built crosswise and in all ey to keelp the lalnd well filled iwith
conceivable sllapes. No wonder that vegetation. Elac fall after harvesting
with such management sone become the peanuts, rye or clover is sown for
disgusted with beekeeping. andi can see a spring fallow and to conserve the
nothing in it. No one 'an he so foolish fertility of the soil. In the spring the
as. to think that because i swarm of crl is ,lowed down and the land is
bees is hived in ai good frame hiv, sownlp il powl, en:lsn for ihay. which are
without conmbs or foundation. and ut before li.oming ripe. and the land
strict attention besides, will bring de- is then sown in clover or rye again for
sired results. Natural comb building next year's ipeannt crop. I, this way
cannot Ie t expended upon in any case, two crops Itare grown in twelve months
and no successful beekeeper thinks of -_-one to enrich the land or for green
foundation combl now-a-days. It 1s food. and tle other for money and
used in the brood chamber and in the feed olath. The vine of the peanut Is
surplus departments. and everywhere one of the foods richest ill protein that
that any comb is to Ibe constructed. Ev fan ie raised for stock: and on good
en if we coult secure straight conmbs by hind two tons of the vine hay can be
natural coflb building, we could not af- ai~sed to the iacre. If the peanuts are
ford to use the natural comb, on ac- iicfked ,y hlnd anl d the immature ones
.ontit of so much of it being drone- re left oi tlhe vinles they increase the
s;zed cells.--Ex. feeding value much, and are worth
S. nimiore thus than on the market. There
The Peanut Crop. is lno better dry feed for hogs in winter
Though the price of peanuts is from than peanut vines. They will fatten
one-third to one-half of wlat it was on them. at least. keel, in good growing
twenty years aigo. the acreage grown is order. -Southern Planter.
te.:dily oni tlh, increase. Twenty acres In Florida the Spanish peanut is the
c;nll now be grown and handled easier variety generally grown. It is a small-
than five were twenty-tive years back. er nut than the Virginia. but it does
The falrmers have become more enlight- lnot pay very well in Florida to grow
oned as to flhe mianurial wants of the (lie itiplnut for commercial purposes.
crop. More money can be inade per For fattening hogs time Spanish is bet-
acre now. with nuts selling at 7. cents ter thlian tile other. It is also easier to
to NI cents per bushel. than could lie cltivate. a;s the vines grow erect and
made when nuts sold for $1.25 to $2 :l. lmost the entire cultivation can lie
per bushel. Then no analysis had been Iiprformed with the plow. The nuts
made of the peIaliut. and its require- cling to the roots and can be harvest-
ielnts were unknown. Then many id. if idesitredl. with less labor than tlhe
-covered Ili the blooms, under the im- large, variety requires.-Florida Farm-
pression that this was necessary, so or aind Fruit (,rower.
that the nut would get into the ground.
Though the lind was richer both in
mineral and vegetable matter then than Golden Glory Syrup.
it is now. nearly all this advantage I notice on the shelves in the stores
w\vis exhlausted before it Ibecamel known ai I tw article. ipt up in tins weighing
what ustnst be supplied to mIeet the re- Iw andl three-quarter pounds gross.
qiuirenlmcts of constant planting. With :and liaeled "'Golden Glory. a faney ta.
the present outlook peanut culture bhl syrup, hDvenport refinery. Iaven-
sei.sll likely io beIccome a leading in- I,,rt. lo wI:"** and it sells at 20 cents
dustry in thl. South. Formerly all the a package. or about $1.44 wer gallon.
nlits wel.. i; took very few to supply the demand. ioisiana planters. Why -an't they
ligli prices caused more to be raised, pi't iu syrup in such form atnd handle
witli tihe result of a glut in the mar- it through wholesale dealers? Two
ket. Now. large factories have been ;i, li a half illunds at 2)0 ents is 8 cents
estail'islied it ina;ly places in the a pon for syrip. But say they get
South,. and somu, in the West, which 4 .-eats at wholesale. it is letter than
work lli) llit ousls of bushels of peal- <,gar ;at 4 enlts. because thle molasses
nuts every yelar. for the sake of the oil. is included in the price.
which is largely used Is "a substitute .The.ll, cnlls an ble u. t tlot, or two
for olive oil. The refuse eake. after ,ozenl ill a ase. This syrup to which
thle oil is expressed, is ground to flour I refer I:ius iot the taste of cane syrup,
and used for making food for both loesnl't smell like it. To get syrup oil
mani and beast. The hulls are ground sale it Imust ie pu lt iup iln I Ilannier to
up iand nlixed with lbran for stock sit ti lh retail trade. So long as new
ft od. frlc-shl syrupt is to be' d. l canned syr-
Soil and Fertilizer Itequired. -The up woild find slow sale, but aIs soon
Ipivnaiut Iplant is ; great illmpoverisher of Syrup i,; barrels begins to sour.
the lnnd. iand makes the uset of miner- Loo.s in sucht paiekages will find a
al fertilizers essential. lThe application ready t llh. llermetically sealed. andt
of lpotash and phosphates. with light uit up warn, it will keep indefinitely.
dressing of lime every few years, is 'lrida letter in Exchange.
necessary' no nitrogen is needed, as
tle plant Ielongs to tile family of le- *
gumIies. and gathers what is needed Why I Plant Soja Beans.
from the air. Five years ago I lind five reasons for
Peanuts require light sandy soil to planting more soja beans than corn.
insure a good crop. As peanuts have The first was, corn was five times as
to be "'laid by" very early, it is best hard on land as soja beans. which are
to work them thoroughly when very five times as nutritious in milk pro-
young: just before they came up we during qualities, wlile the corn cost
trun at small hiirrow down the rows to me five times as much to grow. Tile
level them down aind kill all grass and fifth and last reason was. I realized
weeds that have sprouted; afterward, tfie times as much out of one bushel
;I snialler one still is used between of soja beans when I sold them as I
them' until the pllnt is from four to six did for corn. Now I have a sixth rea-
inches in diameter; then the Iron Age son for planting more soja beans, and
cultivator with small hoes is run as tlil:t is I caln sell live times as many
close Is possible until the plant corn- as I can grow.-Walter H. Wilson. Nor-
nelnces to bloom, after which the same folk county, Va., in American Agricul-
implieenlt. with wing hoes, is used tourist.
to pull the dirt away and throw it *
back at the same time, which leaves Can't you win one of our premiums?


This picture is the trade mark of
SCOTT'S EMULSION, and is on
every bottle of SCOTT'S EMUL-
SION in the World, which now
amounts to many millions yearly.
This great business has grown to
such vast proportions,
First;-Because the proprietors
have always been most careful in
selecting the various ingredients
used in its composition, namely;
the finest Cod Liver Oil, and the
purest Hypophosphites.
Second:-Because they have so
skillfully combined the various
ingredients that the best possible
results are obtained by its use.

Third:-Because it has made so
many sickly, delicate children
strong and healthy, given health
and rosy cheeks to so many pale,
anaemic girls, and healed the lungs
and restored to full health, so many
thousands in the first stages of
Consumption.
It you have not tried! it. elnd for free sample,
its agreeable taste will -urprise voil.
SCOTT & POWNE. Chemists.
409-41; Penrl Street. Ntew York.
5oc. anu si.wo. ail druggist.




POSITIONS GUARANTUID,
Undwr &.0o0 Oash Depoeit.

r rLn M Illom sonatir om r saw&



H. 0. HAR C CO,
G(EN RAI AGENTS,
216 W. Forsythi St.. I.-t. oll Ianiii d Julia. .Jl.k-
,,nville. Fla.
M;aihet-hes 'r Fin Ilnsullna (- Ci ., iNorwi' h lInion
Fire liisun.ii4t' Sori.t. .Anitlrie.nll Fir Illnstr ii.e
Co., of V.. llnii- nitv Fire I Cliti r i to '*o.. The
Tra dlrs Iisiini-e Co *,. of Chiragto.
AGENT'S I N A.LL TIIE .PRINCIIPAi TOWNS IN
FLORI A.

Western Poultry Farm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It Is up to date. 24 pages.
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice kill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leI
bands for poultry, 1 doz.. 20 ets: 25 for .
ets: 60 for 50 cts: 100 for $1.

Grapefruit,Tangerine,
Satsuma, Tardiff and
Enterprise Seedless.
The best commercial citrus fruits.
Three kinds on each stock. Well cared
for past five years. Wili soon fruit
if protected. .4) or more of such trees
for sale. At home place on South
Boulevard. DeLand. Fla.

W. H. HASKELL.


117


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.










l"" THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


PERTIMZER DiPABr9EI NT.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.

Nitrate of Soda.
The importance of nitrates in tech-
nical processes, as well as in providing
a quickly and certainly available plant
fol(d for admixture with chemical fer-
tilizers. or for use alone, by the agrl-
culturist. cannot well be overestimated.
It is comparatively a few years since
the vast stores of soilinul nitrate in
Chili have been sufficiently exploited
to impress the world with their impor-
tance as a source of supply for the
above demands, and I apprehend that
the president of this society felt that
it would not be time wasted when he
invited ime to direct the attention of
the society to the origin, and to some
of the uses of s>dlinin nitrate, and also
to sontm of the recent extensions of
scientific knowledge in regard to the
production of nitrate within the soil.
Tlhe rate at which the Iluse of sodium
nitrate is increase ing the United
States. is sliown by tile following:
In 1 S)7 the deliveries for January
lone 111were i>).00XI bags.
In 1,1t. the deliveries for January
naloie were S0),0)l bags.
Inl 1SKP the deliveries for .Ianuary
alone- were !0,000 bags.
The yearly consumption in the Unit-
ed States for 187 was 7'M).(t4) bags;
for 18W. 975,000 bags. The total con.
sunmption of the world for 1.897. was
.4i0.4O.1iiMI bags; for 1898. .2:5>.i10) bags.
A hag is approximatelyy :i1i pounds.
The increased consumption in this
country during the past year was 275.-
INN) bags. These figures refer only to
the Atlantic ports.
it speaks 'olinllln for the influence
of scientific en( upon tihe development
of Ipractical agriculture ill the world,
when we remember that it Is scarcely
ten years since the agricultural ex-
perillent stations and ~lentiific inv(es-
tigators began to vigorously direct
public attention to this source of plant
fosod. In fact. in this country, it has
scarcely been so long. and it is only
within the last two or three years that
lour exlwriment stations have been
able to readily produce it.
There are two reasons for this rapid
development:
1. The almost absolute certainty of
securing satisfactory results when a
scientific man or a farmer rses it for
exlwrinmental or practical purposes .
2. Te'' wonderful influence it has
had upon tlhe development of thie beet-
sugar industry in Germany and other
parts of tile world.
Its action upon vegetation Is so cer-
tain and so uniform. and the' demand
of crops for additional supplies of it in
the soil is so universal that an experi-
ment station canl scarcely mistake in
recommending the use of sodium
nitrate, where the conditions affecting
the production of bountiful crops are
obscure. It is probably the most stimu-
lating fertilizer in the market, and
while the most satisfactory resnl is can
Ie oltanined from it when in comllbina-
tion with aIple' supplies of avall :ble
phosphoric acid and potash, which it
not already found in the -oil. should
be applied to it in order to secure most
bountiful harvests, yet as a special fer.
tilizer a moderate application of nt.
trate alone. on most soils. proves high-
ly remunerative.
At present the entire supply of sodl-
um nitrate comes froln Cllil, although
it is found in some other parts of the
world, but not in sultcient quantities
to compete in the markets of the world.
The portion of the west coast of Chill,
where it is found, between latitudes
1) degrees 12 minutes south, and 25
degrees 4.5 minutes south, extends
over a length of approximately 260 geo-
graphial miles. Tile principal deposits
are found in the provinces of Tarapa-
ca and Antofagasta, in (Chili, and the
center of trade is Iquique. It exists in
a long narrow strip. averaging about
two andl a ialf miles in widtl. extend-
ing along tlle eastern slole of tile coast
range. at an average distance of per-
haps fourteen miles from the ocean,
but in a number of cases It is probably


as much as forty miles from the coast.
The region where it is found is a rain-
less desert, absolutely devoid of vege-
tation. The nitrate beds exist at a
height of from 3.000 to 5.000 feet
above sea-level, and extends down
toward the valley of Tamagruel.
I cannot undertake the discussion of
all of tie theories in regard to the or-
igin of these beds. but suffice it to say
the nmost satisfactory explanation
hsetms to le that they have resulted
from the decay of enormous quantities
of organic matter. particularly sea-
weed. which probably accumulated in
a long. narrow strip of water, some-
what like 'ore Sound on the coast of
North Carolina. This accumulation, in
the course of ages, was elevated. One
of tle evidences of this lies in the fact
that tile remains of seaweed are found
in the nitrate deposits. The beds are
.4,) or 600 feet above the valley of
T'amagruel. anl extend down towards
it. decreasing in value as they ap-
proach it. until they finally disappear
upon reaching it. The beds exist under
tlhe following conditions, and skilled
prospectors can generally locate the.
I'dtls with considerable certainty by the
surface indications.
Tl'ho surfiae' for a depth of approxi-
1mae1ly ten inches is covered with a
layer of iltne. hloos sand. under the
s:ndl is found :i layer of amorphous
porphyry. feldspar, sodium chloride,
and other mineral matter cemented to-
gether by gypsuml into a compact mass
varying in thickness from six to ten
fet't. 'This is called "costra" or crust.
1i'ner this crust is found the "caliche"
ori iiillPre sotlinu nitrate varying in
thickness from a foot and a half up to
aollt twelve feet. The calichei" occurs
iln :l great variety of colors, as yellow-
ish white. orange, blue-gray. and dirt
cilor. This deposit is a regular strat-
u11 with all the appearances of a rock
formlationl. firmly cenmented together.
and is d(ispla'cedl front its natural po-
sition by Ilasting. The system of blast-
ing is p1eulilar in this. that they drill a
hole through the crust, and through
thel "caliche." down to the clay surface
lieneath. large enough to admit a boy,
who is let down alnd excavates the
(clay Inder the "caliche," so that the
hilat can le placed under the material
to he broken up. tile object leing to
thrust upi as large' a mass of "caliche"
as possible. This is then broken up by
the tools of the workmen into chunks
thei size of an orange, and the impurl-
ties as carefully removed by the pro-
cess of selection, as possible. This
crude min:terial is then transported to
the works where it is run through a
rusher, and dissolved in hot water.
'The better quality of "caliche" con-
tains from forty to fifty per cent of
siHlium nitrate. the average quality
from thirty to forty plr cent of sodium
nitrate. and( tlle poorest quality that is
worked. from seventeen to thirty per
(ent of sodium nitrate. The best qual-
ity of "caliche" runs about as follows:
per cent.
Sodium nitrate ...... ............. 50
Sodium chloride.. .......... 26
Sodium sulphate .................. 0
1tagnesiumn suilphate............... 3
Insolul le.. . ... ........ .. 14
So(lilumi iodate................... 1
Sodium nitrate.................... 1
MaLgnesium chloride. ........... 1
Iotassium chloride ................ 1
lMagnesium nitrate................ 1

100
tlnder the present depressed condi-
tion. of tile industry, it is not prof-
itable to mine "caliche" with less than
about thirty per cent of nitrate. The
refining of "caliche" and the extrac-
tion of the sodium nitrate depends
upon the fact that sodium nitrate is
very much more soluble in hot water
than il sold water, while the solubil-
ity of salt inl water Is little Increased
with increased temperature. However,
the solubility of the nitrate in water
at 240 degrees C. is affected by a solu-
tion of salt. and while 100 parts of
water, at 20 degrees C., should dissolve
eighty-eight parts of sodium nitrate
when it contains twenty-five parts of
soilium chloride in solution, it will dis-
solve only 52.8 parts of sodium nitrate.
The time at my command does. not
permit me to go into the details of the


three systems in use in carrying out
the solution, crystallization, and drying
of the sodium nitrate. The crystallized
sodium nitrate is removed from the
mlother-liquor and allowed to drain
some time, after which it is put into
s.ceks and allowed to drain still fur-
ther, for a certain length of time, and
the granulated appearance of the
sacks as they come into our market is
(due to the crystallization of this drain-
age material upon the outside of tihe
sacks.
The mother-liquor, from which tlhe
first crop of crystals is taken, caln le
used for dissolving a fresh supply of
"caliche." but it is not practicable to
use it more than twice or three times.
This mother-liquor which contains tihe
impurities of sodium nitrate is worked
over for the iodine contained in it. In
fact, all of tlle iodine inl the market
at present. is produced as a by-product
in tlh refining process of sodium ni-
trate. and could lie thrown upon tlhe
market in such large quantities, that
the price of iooline would he reduced to,
a very much lower figure, were it not
for tlie fact that it is under tile con-
trol of a combination which regulates
the output.
There is another product that might
Ie secured, if some one could devise
Ia Profitable and sure inetlhol of manip-
Ilating it. and that is the sodium per-
chlorate. Iln solme of the mines an ap-
preciable percentage of sodium perchlo-
rate is found mixed with the nitrate,
and tlte cllhemlist who call devise some
'cheap andi effective IIeans of extract-
ing the perchlorate, will undoubtedly
find ii a very profitable discovery, :as
its I'presnce is highly olbjectiolnable
when found in the sodium nitrate,
whether it lie used :s a fertilizer or fot
techni'ial purposes.
There aire two grades of soditi u nl-
tilrte in the market: One grade.
containing not less tlan ninety-six per
cenlt of sodium nitrate. or over sixteen
per cent of nitrogen, is imported for
technical purposes an--iufacture ot
chemicals and chemical industries.
Then there is the second grade, called
ninety-five per cent nitrate. which con-
tains not less than fifteen ner cen(t of
nitrogen, inmported more especially for
fertilizer purposes. The sodium nitrate
-Is it comes into this country is of very
uniform composition and can generally
be relied upon to analyze very close to
the figures given. It certainly contains
from one per cent to two per cent so-
diumu chloride. which is largely due to
the difficulty of crystallizing out the
sodium nitrate on a large scale without
also securing a little of its impurities.
Where it is desired to have purer ni-
trate tlian is produced at the works,
it should lie recrystallized.
Sodium nitrate is used
1. As a special fertilizer.
.. Ili compounding complete fertil-
izers.
:i. Il thle manufacture of sulphuric
acid.
4. In the manufacture of nitric acid.
5. In the manufacture of nitrate of
potash.
ti. Inl tile Imanufacture of arsenate
of soda.
7. In the inanufacture of fireworks.
.. In the manufacture of fusing
inixtures.
!t. In the purification of caustic soda.
1il. In the manufacture of steel.
11. Il the manufacture of glass.
12. In thet manufacture of minium.
1:3. In the curing of meat.
14. For the making of chlorine in the
manufacture of bleaching-powders.
From the above list of the uses to
which sodium of nitrate is put, it will
he seen at once that it plays a very
important part in the industrial devel-
opment of the country, and the ques-
tion naturally comes up, "How long
will tile available supply last?" As I
showed above, the consumption
amounts to approximately 1,000,000
tollns a year. There are at present ex-
ploited in Chili beds of "caliche," esti-
mated by different geologists to con-
tain from ..(000.000 to 120,000.000 tons
of nitrate, and it seems that only a
very small proportion of the territory
where nitrate is likely to lbe found has
yet been exploited, so that we need
have no fear of the supply giving out
during the next generation.-Review of


.Toln A. Myers in Journal of American
Chemistry.

The Best Fertilizer.
The fertilizer question is one of great
imllortaince to the truck grower, the
strawberry raiser and to the owner of
anl orange grove. Tile use of a proper
kind means the best results, the great-
est yield, a handsome return for the
money expended in its purchase; the
use of the wrong kind means the
alighting of trees, plants, hopes, and
brings disappointment and oftentimes
failure. lHow essential it is. then, to
buy only those fertilizers which you
know to lbe good and genuine and true
to Iname. Those fertilizers which
yoIur neiglliors have tried and found
to be the best.
E. 0. IPinter & Co.. formerly of De-
Land. now of Jacksonville. Fla., have
been for years manufacturing and sup-
plying the growers of this state, as also
other states. high grade fertilizers, and
have gained the reputation of putting
on the market a grade of goods that
for excellence and reliability can't be
surpassed by any company. As a re-
sllt they have built up an immense
trade. This was the first fertilizer
illmpany to make it possible for the
growers to buy chemicals separate so
that they could make a fertilizer adapt-
edl to their own land.
E. 4). Painter & Co.. make special
brands for the hearing orange tree, the
young tree, tile garden, the field, the
strawberry patch, the pineapple farm,
the watermelon field. etc.
('ol ... L. Young. of this city, repre-
sentative-elect to the next legislature,
whll I:Is bought :and tested almost as
Ilmcli fertilizer as any mian in South
Florida. is free to say that the "Simon
Pure No. 1" fertilizer for orange trees.
Ilm:lnlfaurtred and sold by E. O. Pain-
ter & Co.. Jacksonville, "is as good as
ealn ie bought anywhere and gives en-
tire satisfaction. Int fact, there is none
IhtIter."
Another of our heavy fertilizer users.
who has tried nearly every make and
brand. has the following to say of the
E. (). l'ainter goods:
Plant City, Fla.. Jan. 30, 1901.
I living tried E. ). Painter & Co's.
pineapple and Vegentable Fertilizer
along ,by the side of two other high
grade fertilizers. I am willing to say
it was as good. if not better than any
fertilizer I have ever used. I am of
tlhe opinion it is as good as can be
bought in the State of Florida.
Very respectfully,
J. A. Barns.
Such testimony as the above should
and will have great effect on the fer-
tilizer buyers.- Plant City Courier.
I C
TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady, cured of her deafness and
noises In the head by Dr. Nicholson's
Artificial Ear Drums, gave $10,000 to his
Institute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may have them
free. Address 1221c. The Nicholson In-
stitute. 780 Eighth Avenue. New York.


Well Digging Outfit
For Sale.
We have a steam well-digging outfit
with tools complete for boring wells
from four to twelve inches diameter,
which we can sell at less than half
tile original cost. Any one interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap.
please correspond with us.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Jacksonville, Fla.

"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
S,, and Lawn, Palms,
p t Bamboos, Conifers,
IFerns, Economic and
f t-bearing trees,
Suties, and all
Sorts of Decorative
_.,. ,Stock, for Northern
o House Culture as
well as the South.
Iare Tropical Plants, East and West
Indian and other Exotic Plants. Send
for splendid illustrated catalogue, tree.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
"white flies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bro.,
Oneco, Fla.








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 119


DEPARTMENT OF ORNAMENTAL
HORTICULTURE.


BY W. C. STEELE,


SWITZERLAND. -


FLORIDA


Botanical Names.
There are a great many lovers of
flowers who grumble about what they
are pleased to call the unpronounceable
botanical names of their favorites.
They often say why not give them a
a commllon name. The trouble is there
is ino way to enforce i the lse of one
common ll 1111b)y all tile people.
IHence we filild tlhe salne plant known
in different parts of the country by en-
tirely different common nalies.
It is true that there is not perfect
uniformity in the use of the Iotanical
names for all plants. It is a rule of
lotanists that the one who first dis-
covers and describes a plant shall have
the privilege of naming it. This name
is from that time recognized by all bot-
anists as the legitimate and proper
name for that species. A later discov-
erer may rediscover it and not know.
ing of tile first may give it another
lnamle.
We have an example ill tile case of
a now very popular Acalyphla. It was
discovered many years ago in the East
Indies and named Acalyplha hispida.
Hut never becoming popular did not
get into general cultivation. A few
years ago another "phlllt collector" re-
discovered it and niin:ed it A. Sanderi.
This tinle it was taken uip by florists
and at onIce hecnine very popular under
thel new nanle. Very few really know
that the true naine is A. hispida. Thils
is also an illustration of the uncertain-
ty of common nam l es as this pliant has
bleen catalogued and advertised under
albeit a half dozen different colmmnon
names.
There is another and Inuch Imiore dis-
creditable manner in which unmes be-
co me confused. A plant after being in
cultivation a number of years. nay fall
into disuse although still as beautiful
and desirable as ever. Sonue unscru-
pulous dealer or tirin sees its value
and to make it appear a novelty gives
it a Ilew name.
An example is Lasiandra niacrantha,
this was introduced in 183l(, but it
ever popular it had almost disappeared
from cultivation, until sonic one took
it up, renamed it Plerona splendens,
and sent it out to win a deserved,
though tardy. popularity. This "trick
of the trade" is not confined to any one
city or country. but is not excusable in
any one. There is no objection to any
one taking iup and pushing an old va.
riety as a very desirable plant for gen-
eral cultivation built it should le done
under its true name.
A great many plants are known only
by their botanical names, Dahlia,Fuch-
sia, Verbena, Mignonette, Cleroden-
dron, lHeliotrope. Chrysanthemums,
Nasturtium and a long list of others.
Many of these names which are in
daily use unnoticed, are quite as
long and difficult to remember as
others that excite unfavorable com-
ment as soon as heard.
It is all a matter of habit. Many of
the names of places in this state are
as long. unprounceable and hard to re-
member as the average botanical
names.
Witness tihe following. all nlailles of
postofficcs in Flofida: ('lhattahooclhec.
Chokoloskee, Estiffanulga, Istachatta,


Miccosukee, Panasoffkee, Thonotosas-
sa and Wewahitchka.
Let no one misunderstand our posi-
tion. We find no fault with these
names of postoffices, we have always
favored tile use of Indian names as
far as possible. We simply wish to call
attention to the fact that thousands of
people use these names daily and think
nothing of it, who would exclaim and
object to a new name which was very
likely not so long or so hard to remem-

Tlie strongest reason for the use of
hlie Latlin Ilnimes of plants is their con.
ve'lience il ordering plants from a dis.
taince. As we said before, common
nalies are never the same over the
hole 'country, liut if you give the bo.
tanhiiil nime. you may send your or-
der to iany florist or nursery establish-
nient inll the world and it will be filled
correctly. or not at all. if they are hon-
est dealers.
*
Bad Luck.
There lare exceptions to'all rules. We
-certainly never believed very much ini
"luck." (f course bad seasons affect
gro',wth so that failure results.
The following from Park's Floral
Magazine is interesting but unexplain-
a;ile except tliat tle dog and hens
should have ieen shut up.
"Well. I used to feel very superior
1hien people complained of having
land luck with flowers, and I remember
with slialie aind contrition, how loftily
I used lto say. "There is no such thing
':s luck. It is simlliy a matter of care
and trouble. etc." But I tell you I've
challged liy mind this last year. for it
ever a poor soul has had oad luck "it
was Ine." And it was luck. pure and
sillple sole of it. Of course, a great
deal of it was due to atmospheric
conditions, lout not all. no not all.
It w;as awfully, terribly dry here this
last year. This would account for
nothing growing ill gardens and beds,
but to niy way of thinking was not
to blaiim for none of imy house plants
growing as heretofore. although water-
ed andt d ended to faithfully. Nor
tdoes it acncount for miy big lcherished
legoniiis. three and four years old, dy-
ing one after another until now, out of
thirteen varieties. I have not one left,
for not one slip could I induce to grow.
The dolg broke down all my Japan lil-
ies. the lienu scratched my Tuberous
Begonias all to pieces, my Geraniums,
old plants or slips alike, grew steadily
smaller all summer and refused to
blooml. 1 rooted a Sultana three times
and every time something broke it off.
In despair I sent in Septemlber for a
collection of choice plants, and all
were nearly lead when they reached
ime. and those that were not I soon
managed to finish. Result of this sum.
iner. instead of having from two to
three hundred fine. handsome plantil
to take to tihii house this winter. I have
only illpill twenty-five. and of all the
nieasley looking things I ever saw I
tlink they are the worst.
"A'l I discouraged? Well,I guess not!
Yolu wait until another summer! I shall
get an entirely new supply of nearly
everything in tihe floral line. All con-
tributions thankfully received! But
I've learned one good lesson. Yes, I've
learned it thoroughly, and hereafter
*vhen anybody comes to me with a
doleful tale of bad luck I shall sigh
deeply and sympathetically, and say,
'Yes, indeed, isn't it dreadful?' "
0
Some Plants I Have Seen.
The following from Vick's Magazine
needs no comment. Such well grown
specimens are worth all the trouble
it costs to grow them.
"We Ilay have many plants but un-
less well grown they do not attract
adiiiir'atior. I can recall some particu-
I.mr plants I have seen with vivid pleas-
unre. One lady had an east window.
In it she had half a dozen coleus,
which she seldom turned, and they


grew up above the second sash and
clung close to the pane. I never saw
coleus which appeared so effective as
those did from the street. One even.
ing she had a tea party and turned the
coleus toward the room. All the visit-
ors exclaimed over them. and one with
brilliant faculties, asked her how she
made them grow toward the room.
The hostess smiled blandly but did
not explain, thinking, I dare say, that
any one who could ask such a sense.
less question was not seeking after In.
formation.
"Another lady had two cacti, one a
light lloo1ning Cereus and one which
was similar, but day blooming. She
had ihad thell thirty years. and they
grew in a box with a trellis attached.
The trellis was ten feet tall. and they
had grown above that and the stems
lhaid been bent downward. They were a
luagniificent sight and always bloomed.
"Another lady had a moderate sized
ay windollw filled with a fern. It stood
oni a Ipedestal eight feet high and the
fronds fell almost to the floor. It was
like a big drooping tree, so immense in
its dimensions. Think of the care and
tine she had given it.
"'Another magnificent one, a rub-
)er tree. This grew so tall that its
owner was obliged to give it to a
school where it stood in the hall, and
reared itself to a height of twenty
feet. It was ill one straight tree with
no, lirancho-es. On(e in a store window
was anout as tall and branched. The
Ilaves all grew toward the light and it
was very showy.
"A little telegraph operator hlad a
west window and in it sle grew
Achyranthes eaesii ro enormous pro-
phortions. It stood in a box and was six
feet high aind as much as four feet
wile. It completely screened her win-
dow.
"O'i'-:sionIally one sees a Germlan ivy
of noticeable dimensions. One lady had
hers drapli over two or three windows
and 1 do m and then festooned across
tlhe ceiling. It must have lieen in lpsmi-
tion for years.
"We all know what a hloya will do
with years. Once I saw lpe'rfect speci-
men of one. It stood in a corner be-
twieen two windows and was woven
upon a trellis about eight feet high.
It presented one mass of waxy leaves
toward tile rooi. The light from the
windows drew tie growth elually for.
ward. It bloohnned regularly.
"It is generally noticeable when such
line sciluens arle seen. that the owner
has no other plants, but concentrates
the care upon one plant. The result is
certainly satisfactory."
*
The Honeysuckle Halliana.
Editor Floral IDeprtmcnt:
One of tile foremost florists in the
Unlitedl States. in writing of this vine
calls it. "Tle best white monthly hon-
eysuckle. with clark green foliage,
which keeps fresh and green nearly all
winter, and beautiful clusters of the
sweetest scented flowers, that open a
snowy white, ind turn a pale yellow.
These flowers are produced from early
spring until late fall. A fine vine for
trellis or veranda."
Te li est feature of this highly orna.
mental vine is its adalltability to the
soil and climate of every state in our
union. We have seen the fences and
arbors green, in midwinter with the
dense foliage of this Iloneysuckle,
when everything else was bare except
the evergreens.
In Georgia the houses are often cov-
ered sides and roof with this vine,
green and flourishing in midwinter.
It is quite as much at home in
Florida's orange belt, growing every-
where that it is planted. In our ham-
mock lands they soon cover the ground
if not grubbed up. They are far more
prone to creep than climb and soon
form a close mat of foliage and flowers
if undisturbed. This habit renders
them a favorite for cemetery planting.
We had them climbing the cabbage
palmettoes in our Florida strawberry
garden and they were seldom without
flowers. In hlle District of Columbia
they are planted along the street car
lines and railroads. also on Isotli sides
of tle Potonilic river for a long way
from WiVashington. Their usefulness inl
these places can hardly be exaggerat-


Slow
growth
of hair

from lack
of hair
food. The
HAIR hair has
Sno life.
It is starved. It keeps
coming out, gets
thinner and thinner,
bald spots appear,
then actual baldness.
The only good hair
food
you

can
buy r
is- Halr

,, Vigor
feeds
the roots, stops
starvation, and the
hair grows thick and
Iong. It cures dan-
druff also. Keep a
bottle of it on your
dressing table.
It always restores
color to faded or gray
hair. Mind, we say
"always."
$1.00 a bottle. All drugists.
"I have found your Hair Vigor
to be the best remedy I have ever
tried for the hair. My hair was
falling out very bad, so I thought
I would try a bottle of It. I Cad
used only one bottle, and my hair
Stopped falling out, and it is naw
real thick and "ong."
NANCY .1. OUNTCASTI.L
July 28,188. Yonkers, .Y.

He will send you his book an Th
Hair sad Scalp. Ask him any queW-
tlon you wish about your hair. You
will receive a prompt answer free.
Address, DR. J. C. AYER,
Lowell, Nsa.




Ied. They take firmn lold of the soil
which they sioon fill with roots that
Iprevents heavy rains from doing incal-
culahle damage. Their dense green
foliage, anli white fragrant flowers are
lovely to belioldl.
If Florida Iholesteaders would only
set cuttings of the lloneysuckle, Halli-
anl. in every available spot where they
would all to tle use and ornament of
tlhe lands(.aIe. and. as they do here,
plant them from t tohe to tthe bottom
of tile deepest railroad cuts, the state
%voulll smI lie Inore than ever. "The
land of flowers."
Mrs. Jennie S. Perkins.
4 *
CANCER AND PILES.
There is a Sanitarium in Relleview,
Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mail. Ad-
dress,
BELLEVIEW SANITARIUM,
J. W. Thompson, M. D., Supt.
Belleview, Flu.
*
.An indolent man is a dead one who
can't be buried.
w
Can't you win one of our premiums?




eCfough Syrup. ste Good. Use
time. Sold by drugiats.
E gM 6Ar i LVaI








a-1 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLOBIIDA A ICLTIII
Entered at the post-office at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.

E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
TERMS.
One year. single subscription..........$2.00
Six months, single subscription..... .... 1.00
Single copy........................... .....05
ADVERTISING RATES.
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
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TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must he accompanied with real name. as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should he sent by Draft. Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand. or Registered Let-
ter. otherwise the publisher will not be re-
spons ble in case of loss. When personal
checks are used exchange must he added.
Only I and 2 cent stamps taken when changer
cannot be had
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper, must he received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Snhscrihers when writing to have the address
of their paper changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.

WEDNESDAY. FEBIIT'.ARY 20. 1101.


It is a little diffilrllt to reconc-ile the
:dvice- of tlt(- noted pech gr-ower. .T. TT.
Itale. t, plow the peelich orchard oncel
a week until thlr ieop is anth-red with
the known lpral'tie of ou11r best orange
grow-ers not to plow a bearing grove
:tt all. I'eachels :t-e not expected to
keep: oraI:lres are. The Kelsey plum
is like tlhe orange: hearing trees should
lnot I-e cultivated. Non-enltivation
seems to lie Ietter :lso for lpi:rs and
apples of lbel ring :ice.

few yea':lrs :l o we were told that
the IDa;iislh alll>;in- was:s :iablnt to drive
the Florildl enaill:iige out of the Nortll-
ern nlarkels. Thein proplihey has sig-
aIlly failed of fultillnent. The Flor-
hilda ctillage has shared with aill other
varieties tilt- ilii proviementi ill density
wliclh lit:s taken Iphul-e in the Inst twen-
ty ye:'rs. WVlleiH well grown it is as
dense as the Dannish and denlser than
tlit asv:lraig head of the Northern
states. slucih as is shipped down here.

Tomaii:itoes properly grown will lieari
Iong shlipllient letter tihall the grapes
aind plunms of ('alifornia. A refrigern-
tor iar- of tomatoes couill lie transport-
ed from Ilnde -ounty to Liverpool in
less time than a cl ar of pears from Sac-
ralnientlo. anld tilt letter miatke the pits-
sagip satisf:actorily. The climate of
England a:nd Seoitland is too cool for
thle tomato,. but lith hotels iand wealthy
families olitain theli in July and All-
gust fromit Southern France. at an ex-
orbitant price sinall tomatoes. altont
like those we obtain in the winter
froin Bermiluda.

Mot.king thirds eat a few grapes and
Iherries. lnut they cnlt -h ni:ly worms.
The shrike or Ibutcher-lird will sit on
a1 limb ili nd wiat-h you plowing or hoe-
ing: lie sees a: w orll ten rods away
and ainkeis i dive for it. swift and sure
Hawks have beeen known to save a
field of tomatoes, by (.-tchling the green
worms faster thanl they could multiply
Kildeei and Jlirks will probe the
groitfniFwith their bills for cutworms
Robins and quails are great fruil
thieves. The kingbird will sit by I
hive and capture and swallow bees by
the dozen.


It is a very general belief that cu-
cumbers, watermelons, squashes,
pumpkins. etc.. should not be planted
near together because they all mix.
Professor Bailey has shown that cu-
unithers and mutsknmelons will not mix.
Ninety-tseven mnsknelons of many va-
rieties were pollinated with cucumber
poillll of timany kinds. No fruit set.

Twenty-live cucnumber flowers were
pollinated with muskmelon pollen;
only oiln fruit developed and that was
setedless. As to the belief that melons
and lilpumpkins will mix. Professor L.
11. Iaitei(l says that it is an error.
0 *
A minll ill Texas is said to have sold
$2.ltNti worth of jessamines from two
naire-s in olne season. He calls them
(double jessaulintes. As soon as the
buds appear lie cuts the stem six inch-
es long. Ten buds and stems are tied
in i: lunchh and wrapped in wet paper.
One Ilndrl'ed go in a box. and the box
travels 1.(4,1) miiles or more to some city
in tlie still frozen North, where lovers
oft oie of tlie sweetest odors in nature
readily pay lI. 1.T. even 2."- cents per
iun-ch. Thle grower receives from $8
to $li :l thousand for the buds. But.
we are obliged to add, such prices do
not last very long; they soon drop
undih lower.

-"A pair of rolins were watched while
they c-arried :i.H4MI earth worms to one
brood,. One plir of purple martins fed
their young 2.(NN) insects in one day.
ThI sparrow< feeds its young :{(; times
i1 ail li tur. for 14 hours a day. Almost
v thlitit exceplion every small bird eats
;it least one-sixth of its own weight of
fod in 24 hours, which. supposing that
hllni;an beings fed oni the same scale.
would mean that a man ate 25 pounds
of foodl in a like timee" This is one
1'r those expansive elastic statements
which zealous entomologists or bird-
li)lltisans like to test our credulity
witli. It is made( in a good cause, but
tlhe unreasonableness of part of it im-
pairs its Iusefulness. Any practical
farmer will detect at once the utter im-
ipossiilily of the feat recorded of the
,loilns in tlie first sentence.

\We are in receipt of the February
i)illetin of thle (Gln St. Mary nurseries,
which contain many little pointers and
suggestions along the line of nursery
tree-s atnl ornamental shrubs. Those
who are interested ill planting
should send to .Mr. TlTalor for his buil-
letin aind price list. The season for
spring planting will soon be on the
wane and no time should be lost in
making your selections and getting
your trees planted. In speaking about
ornamentals and the condition of the
-ounitry, Mr. Taber says:
"A nurseryimanl who deals in theil
Ilas a pretty good key to the financial
condition of the country. When times
are very hardly. people do not plant or-
inaitenlltals very extensively. When
"ll")n(ty is ill freer circulation, tile do-
n ad for ornamlentals increases. As
we are selling large quantities of them
this year. it is a good indication that
the- South is prosperous."'
*
Various Forage Plants.
IFloriida (can hardly he said to have
a permanent pasture grass, at least
peninsular Florida; whatever there is
of that character grows spontaneously
iand il spite of man's neglect. Bermu-
Sl.;a (an scarcely be called a permanent
e grass, for it needs to be plowed up
Occasionally and finally disap-
t pears almost entirely if not shaken up
by cultivation. The carpet grass is
more nearly a permanent grass, be-


ed by plowing under, which causes
lhermnuda grass to flourish.
A pierlanent sod. yielding tile sweet
grass for hay or pasture. ,does) not seem
to flourish ill a frostless region. In
thle North the sod is frozen through.
loosened up, a:id Ipr1 Iactically recteivtes
a working. and tlle grasses conttinues to
grow froti year to year and furnish
:1 heavy swath. In a iwarmt climate the
stalks of grass lbecomie larger. they
grow further apart. and are not so
.sweet andtl nutrititions. But there is a
Ili asurle of compensation in our unl.n-
a1 forage plants, which will yield dur-
ing our sunlners, two or three cuttings,
aggregating enough more weight of
urled hay than tlhe Northern meadow
gives to compellnsate for the labor ,of
sowing afresh everyI ye:ari. Among the
varieties we mention first Texas Blue-
grass. which we must condemn as


system; it never does better than
when it is turned bottom side up at
least once ;I year. We have no fears
of ltri'iirnili: taking possession unless
il iiglit lieh in an orange grove; and
et\'vi there it will do little harmi after
liti trees are iearitng if it is not a
positive lInetit.


ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.

Tlhin department is devoted to answering
such questils as may be asked by our sub-
scribers. which may be of general information.
Etnquiries of personal character that require
answer by mail should always have stamp en-
closed.

Edilor Florida Agriculturist.
('n:1 yot u tell wet where I can purchase
two or three i:i q rts of Florida rough
lemonll seed a|ind1 about tile same amount
of citrus trifoliata seed?
Martin E. Thew.
rla ndo. Fllorida.
If a;iny of our readers can supply Mr.


'I'hcw withl the shllorc seedl. p~lease cor-
r;ome!~ xlighlt transio~nt success aIt thle e
por~ ndl withl Ilanr dir ~t~


State Expelrimelit Station.
Kaltir cornt doles well and is a fairly
gool ft-ee-stuff if cuit while green and
properly uredl. It is :1 little stiff and
harsh. bur productive. lasts practically
all summer. dry weather or wet. start-
ing out once or even twice. if cut off.
This is the best method of keeping it
green anld attractive-to cut off the
old stalk and allow it to ratoon. Pearl
or c-attail Iillet is probably a better
forage plant than kattir, especially for
sutllllier liste as a soiling crop.
Brazilian or flour corn is good and
ltirs Iwell. tim :king a: 1 a;IbudaInle of
'ntotI1 f)lodder andi tlie Iiest roasting ears
of ill varietieset' except the regular sweet
or suigaur .rn. It is 1tt114i- less subject
to theI ravages of that pest. the bund-
nvor-ial ilithis arniiigera). which is sso
dlestlruti-ve to sweet -ucorn. It also
yields excellent tiour or nttal for cook-
inlg ipUlrpose'. ;n pure white article.
whliclh nml:kes linte bltter-cn kes.
'Teosinte is the rankest growing of
:ill forage illliIts. If tcut Ibak fretluent-
ly it yields ait1 extaordinitary weight of
green feed per acre. The principal ol.-
ict-tilo to it is th liI number of small
insects which colle-t under the "thitin-
Iles" ior sheaths. making the fodder
nit'i-e otr less offensive. Amber sor-
ghulin is one' of the very best of forage
feeds. it is :eaten by all kinds of stock
freely and its high percentage of sugar
Imake-s it riich; it will make pigs grow
like milk and clover. With a good im-
prove'd Il'bred there is no reason why
the fainl'ler should not mllake a hundred
pounds of growth per head on nothing
but sorghumn. That wounl lie very
cheap pork. Cut in a feed-cutter and
mixted with a mnere sprinkle of cotton
seed ii eal. it will make cows give milk
like the best .1une1 grass pastures.
(Giinlea grass is productive and makes
:a1 excellent feed. Ibut it needss cultiva-
tion in hills or drills. Hence it has to
hi, cut mostly with a sickle. which is
tedious alnd only adapted for a man
wihio has thine to spend on a choice
family cow, not for a number which
would require rapid work.
Everybody knows what cowpeas are.
For catttle and horses they are a good
forage,. but for pigs we prefer sorghum
as they do not much relish cowpeas.
'I'11 same is measurlaly true of velvet
Iealns :Illlnd beggarweed; they are good
for dried forage, but inferior for soil-
ing purposes to sorghum, millet and
some other varieties.
An excellent system is the "revolv-
ing pasture" which we nientioned not
long ago--plowing up a Bernmuda sod
in the fall and sowing rye or oats. then
growing the Bernuda inl the summer.


Editor Ylorida Agriculturist.
Iio you klnow whether pineapple
liler i- nialnuftiaturtled anywhere in
IF'lorida:? Ther uised to lie some trials
with it some years ago near Lake
\Worth. under the 'direction of the De-
Ipartlment of Agriculture,. but lately I
have nolt heard anything about it not
how these experiments turned out. Any
infornalti)lon on this subject will great-
ly oblige-. F. M.
New York City.
Ve dto not know of any piineapple
tiw:('r b1)(ini manu:facltured ill the State.
ihut if there is \-we would like to hear
firoii anyone whio t ein give us informa-
ititn along tlls. line.

Editor Flr-idao .ly9riralluri.t:
3t:iy I tax you to give me your opin-
ion :Is t1 thlie best and at the same time
light l t draft lowing machine for one
Ilo'-s. All I know of in use here, re-
]liiir a:i vcry heavy horse wh-len for all
f !i"r f:lrinl work a medium draft horse
is -ittlivcitt. One does not wish to keep
- hei:ivy draft horse especially for a
11o e'.V r'. S.
Shi arpes. Fla.
We 'refer you to the advertisement of
the IMcC'ornick Mowing Machine Com-
p:Itny. advertised in the Agriculturist.
Wriite t to them. giving a description of
what you want and they can undoubt-
edly give you the required machine.

flditor Floridatr .irircltumrit:
Is Egypltian wheat of any value
lhere'? Is rtis tlhe proir time to sow
aalint. iild where can I procure seed?
H. H. H.
Seffuler. Fla.
To all three of these questions we
have to pleadlt ignorance. Will some of
our subscribers coime to the rescue?

Editor F'lorida Aglyriiiltlurist:
I have several trees Iadly infested
Witlh sct-:1l like tlie spltcinen enclosed.
What rettedy should 1 apply atnd
whenlii'. I also have a half dozen trees
afft acted with die-lbak. How shall I
treat Ihelm?
W. E. H.
Orlando. Fla.
'li'e scale insect that you inclose is
tlih M-ytilaspis t;loveri. As this scale
Iatclihs (llring the last of February
orl the lirst of i1Mrch. a close watch
shliol be kept on them and at the first
indlication of hatching the trees should
lie thoroughly sprayed with a kerosene
tmaulsiol the formula for which is giv-
'en in this department. By keeping
close watch of the trees and using a
inaitnifying glass, you c(an easily notice
\ Ieili they are hatching and (colinellc-
inlg to, run. This is the time that the
emulsion is the most effective. The
spreading Iof the scale during this past
seto-on has been very rapid owing to


cause it withstands neglect, but is kill- This grass flourishes greatly under this the fact that the lady-birds are ex-


__ ___ __ __ __








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 121


t'eedunllgl sI1 I'I-e',l3l a lnd t little. 21 tell-
I ioll l-i~s 1 tl''l 3.1 ill Ito ke'epinlg down
the' sca:le.






Pd~~~~f',,~.\ I, /oo.i-I ,,,IIij-
'I'I~ rllll~il FerftPllllillv ] dopar illen


page 22. issne of Ja\:l;II.~ll. 9. .. I1 I,
Will you 10lil'si' l give Its3 :3 Ivivt' fil-
ma3.ukiLIg :I sII:jl I*e s(aI. lt. il 35 els. a:IsoI
rust l33it3's'! A. 1). M.
Aread~ial.




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l~,.~.'iuirl.tiglii~ )11111:3 IS ftoii t1n lire
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tilils I l, ~v il3\ nte l. .1 1 3 1)0I I l ,'l l i"f'I:'s 13,
















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infill.t fi':ts sly dltys iifs I itnn In'311111.
lillftl.l1 f3'a'iled 15 :1 lll:34- fs,. Use
s.e~ix h e.111t PI' t 131 5313113' It Niealti


S10-:13";lit3 onv ill four31 13113215 April



to ,' N if vin e. hull .',il lie '3'. SoIl i l PI--11,1
iio tion 13131 33(11'e 11315113' ill spider N ,il1

Ft ort Pimple N11t1%l1(. and 311.1zl 11
Flower. 4r S 11111 ....... 4 ou


HEAP COLUMN
RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
PRIME CASSAVA SEED for sale cheap de-
livered at depot. B. BEDELL, Lake Helen,
7x9
IN SMALL LOTS-Pomelo. Rough Lemon
and Sour OrangeSeeds for sale. Inquire of
Bo. 213. Miami. Fla. x115
NOTICE-Fine Pecans, 34 to the pound; me-
dium shell; kernels come out whole or in
halves; excellent flavor. Nuts and grafts
for sale. Mrs. J.COCKS, Formosa, l)a. It
Fl)t SALE- Pine Apple. Orange trees, from
tthe origi:.il Iislio, lloyt Co.'s sti ck; few
grape fruit and tanlterines; all free from
insects. UEO. L. CARLTON. Pine, Fla. 8-10
lI(O\V T1 FREEZE ice cream without ice.
No fake. Formula 10c. Box 183, DeLand,
Fla. 5tf.
IRRIGATING PLANT-A large quantity of
3-inch black iron pipe for salelheap. CLIF-
FORD ORANGE CO Citra. l- a. 7x19
WANTED-A chemist. One who has had
experience In 'handling fertilizing ma-
terials, a state resident preferred. E. O.
IAINTER, Jacksonville. Fla.
ROSES AND VOILETS at Rosecroft. M. E.
Ten Eyck, DeLand, Fla. 5x17
F'OR SALE-Fruit Farm, Lake Villa Grove,
at Pierson, Volusia county. Fla. About 200
acres. This choice property will be sold
cheap to close an estate. Apply to Illinois
Trust and Savings Bank, trustee for the es-
tate of George Park Kinney, deceased, Chi-
cago, Illinois. 5x8
WRITE to J. D. Bell, St. Petersburg, Fla.,
for pineapple plants. 2tf
CASSAVA ROOTS WANTED-Any one
having cassava roots -eady for delivery
within the next sixty days please ad-
dress H. R. WARDELL, Sec and Treas
Seminole Mfg. Co., DeLand, Fla. Terms
CASH on delivery. 6x9.
IRON PIPING, for irrigating purposes, in
first class condition, for sale cheap. CLIF-
FORD ORANGE CO Citra, Fla. 7x19
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
ville, Fla. 10x31-01
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 271. Orlando, Fla. 34t
CASSAVA SEED FOR SALE-Purchaser
may bid on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
4ttf.
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. JAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. 31tf
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg,
Florida. 40x13
IAMIAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready nowW.\. S. PRESTON, Auburndale.
Fla. 15tf
FOR SI.E CHEAP-3.OOO fret of 3-inch
iron pipe in good condition, for watering
groves. CLIFFORD ORANGE CO.. Citra.
Fla. 7x19
"WHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA"--Beautiful
kodak album. Cloth and morocco binding,
Cloth 50c, morocco 75c postpaid. E. 0.
PAINTER & CO., DeLand, Fla. 2t
.'ILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tf
FOR SALE-$75 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address, P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
Land, Fla.
I'UCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf


CONSIGN ORANGES TO



PORTER BROS. CO.,

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.

FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.

CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $25o,ooo.oo.

CHICAGO. NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS. ST. PAUL.


PORTE BROS CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re-
PORTEROS. CO. OFFICE ceiving consignments of or-
ainrt s from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PO() TER BlRtI. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
1 his enables the management to select the most desirable markets.

NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
4t .4 EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES should go
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencils, Market Quota-
tions, and General Instructions for shipping Florida products supplied from the Jacksonvlle office


SPRAY PUMPS.

Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank..............12 00
3 4Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized irontank.. 700
N Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 51)
MiBarrel Spray Pump, com-
I: plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc............... 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
I with hose, etc............ 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
complete 28.00
Insecticides: Lime. Sulphate of COop-
per (Bluestone), ulphur. etc.
Pine and Bangor Orge Beoxes
Shaved B'rch Hoops, Fresh OGree
M xed Hoops, Ianills and Colore
Orange Wraps, Cement Coated Bi
Nails, Pineapple, Bean. Cantalouje,
Cabbage and other Crates; Tomato
Ca riers, Lettuce Baskets. Etc.
Imperial Plows and Cultivators, ete.
Catalogue and;:rlce lit on &ppl-
cation.
E. BEAN.
Jacksonville. Fla.
Room 18 Robinson]Bldg.

O ran e We have a full supply of
all the best varieties of Or-
==anges. Pomelos, Kumquats,
etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. 'an show both
trees and fruit: ha\ve wentS -one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.


GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,
G. L. TABER, Proprietor,


Glen St. Mary,


RIVERSIDE NURSERIES.


- Florida.


Satsuma Oranges on Trifollata
Stock $1i to $Si per 100. Peach
t ees at $5 to $ per 10" . . ..


MULBERRIES, PECANS, KUMQUATS, UMBRELLA TREES.

J. A. DANIEL, V GLEN ST. MARY, FLA.


W.1TEIR O(TI GROVFS. pineries and veg-
etable farms. Write tihe CLIFFORD OR-
A ; GE CO.. 'it ra. 'lat for prices on iron
pipe for lrrigating3 plant. 7x19
\\ ANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges.
Grape Fruit. Peaches, Persimmons. Plums. r
'ears, Grafted and Budded Pecans. Cam-
phor trees. Roses. Ornamentals, etc. Cata-
hlgue free. Address. THE GRIFFIN(;
IHROTHIE. IERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.

BITCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett, 0o 1 2 W ATCHES
Prop. Tampa. Fla., 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
apple. Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to 9
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so-
licited. 42tf
!'()R SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
I argLrt and most complete stock in the state.
Trees bhdded on either Citrus, Trifoliata.
Rottngh lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
I:est quality, Low prices. Address TIIE
GRIFFINC. BROTHERS Company, Jack Any one sending-us a!nrw Subscriber and
.I..e Fla, -, Premium Offer No I. sown iv..
I'NE PPLE PLANTS--Smnooth Cavnne, Ab- $.00 ive a p- t -
hbala. Enville City and Golden Queen for and stem-set watch, guaranteed by the manufacturers for one year. Send your bc4 p-
sale by CLIFFORD ORANGE CO., Citra,
Fla. 7x9 ions at once to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURSmT, JadC onvilg, Fla.








12, THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

brown. Serve with syrup.-Rural Choice
New Yorker. Choice Vegetables

SDinner With Fljian Princess. always bring high prices.
The guests invited to meet me were
all Caucasian ladies. *
At the close of each course the green TO raise them success-
plates were replenished, finger bowls
ALsshalE RIiassed and tile table entirely cleared fertilizer
y te swift, deft-handed attendants, ll, a fertilizer con-
Maes t food de l s and whose abject, crouching courtesies, .
Makeade ech time the princess was pass- training at least 8%
SOYAL BAMnG PwoER CO.00 I EW YOWL ed. were amuling to see.
The queer puddings, "vakilolo." Potash should be used.
which came with dessert, were made Ot ld be ued.
HOUSEHOLD DEPARBTEIT. pieces thoroughly in a warm pearline of taro and grated cocoanut. One dish
All communications or enquiries for this de- sud-.s and colored them in fast seal which was something of a tax upon Our books furnish useful information on
parent should be dressed to rown diamond dye for cotton. After tlie ingenuity of those to whom spoons all subjects relating to
par t should be addressed to drying they were well pressed and are an every-day matter, consisted of
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, looked like new cloth, great Java bannans, gashed, filled with crop raising. They are
Household Dept. Jacksonville. The back part of the legs near the grated cocoanut and served floating in sent free.
feet was chosen as the least worn. cocoanut milk.
T-o make the bag she cut one piece A jelly came next. the ingredients of GERMAN KALI WORKS
Care of the Clothing. fifteen and one-half inches long and which were arrowroot, seaweed and 93 NassauStreet,
While clothes do not exactly make ten inches wide. rounding all of the cocoanut. Tllis was the only dish New York.
the man, they often have a great in- 'orn"rs. for the back and flap. For which did not appeal to my palate, the
the front she cut a piece eleven Inches seaweed making itself unpleasantly
flune upon his destiny. No matter long and ten wide, rounding only the manifest by a saltish flavor.
how great the natural ability or at- two lower corners. A strip twenty- As kava. tle recognized tipple of the
tractiveness of a person this attrac- nine and one half inches long and three South seas, was not allowable at a la-
tion and influence is greater if due re- a"d one-half inches wide was cut for dies' dinner, the drink offered consist-
the sides and bottom of the bag. ed of the expressed juice of a sour fruit
aspect is paid to tle personal appear- One edge of this strip was sewed in called a "roe." sweetened with sugar it t not liquid. Now fill up the
ance. Even with a limited wardrobe a seam to the front piece. then the top cane juice. The fans at our places oits Itt not liquid. Now onfl up the
one can always appear neat and trim of both was bound with strong black had been made expressly for use to re- i"1no with alternate spoonfuls of the
if proper care is taken of the clothing. braid. The other edge of the strip was tain as souvenirs of this unique dinner b"roken-upI jelly and te white of the
then basted flat with the back and party. eggs. If Illy jelly has softened, pour
Clothes soon look old and untidy, if, 1ound with some of the braid, stitch- The dress of our hostess might be it ov'r tihe top. Set away to cool.
when removed, they are carelessly toss- ing it on the machine and binding the summed up as a "sulu" and a "pina- Serve on a dish surrounded with a cus-
ed aside or hung on a nail. To keep top of the back, or flap, before cutting fore." The "sulu" is the short, loose tar1d imade with the yolks of the eggs
them fresh they should never be al- off the braid. A steel from an old um. loin w cloth which is worn by both sexes. nr on it ilk sc etened to taste.-
brella frame was cut off 14 inches long Folded about the waist it hangs almost ""'ri': griulturst.
lowed to become creased. The best way and a little over two inches bent down to the knees. The pinafore is like a
to prevent this is to smooth.out all ;It c:h liend to do duty as a rod for mother liubbard cut off at the waist Caring for Milk.
wrinkles, told as smoothly as possible tl t topl of the bag. It was put through line. so that each movement of the 'There is no subject of more iniport-
and lay flat in a trunk or draw ver where four small holes in the back, one-fourth wearer's .a'rm reveals a strip of brown il"'e' t" li' farmer's wife than the care
of :an inch above the front. These skin between the two garments, of her milk :nd butter, and one of the
tle dust will not settle. All spots and holes were one and one-half and two T'Il hair of all married women is greatest requisites is absolute cleanli-
dust should lie carefully removed be- and one-quarter inches from each side, wornl short. Iln nany cases elaborate e''ss iI all things that pertain to it.
fore folding. Never throw a skirt 1land tthe rod was inside the flap except floral decorations are worn, but the ie'ep tilted pans and crocks spotless and
across a chair even though you intend tlhe three-fourth inch space between extrenle simplicity. which is a marked well aired. Use them only one day at
to wear it the l'ext ornllg. Alwvas tlte two holes at each side. where it chlariacteristic of the princess, is appar- a time aind then wash well through a
o we;r it t next morning was A on' th e outside of tile ,ag. Straps ent in her omission of such additions hot suds. rinse and scald and set in a
fold careful and1 it will always look with buckles were slipped under the to her costumlle.San Francisco Chroni- sunny place until again wanted. If
fresh. RIibons should l e smoothed rod in tllese spaces anil served to fast- tie. you allnnot do this give them a good
out and rolled or folded. The gloves en tihe carrier to the handle-bars. washing through soapy water, rinse
should be turnd olver tle hands. then 'Two straps were riveted to the flap Some Easily Prepared Desserts. land scalld, anti then cool them with cold
: d I)buckles to tile front of the bag to TapioIa Creaul.--One cup tapioca water before using again.
slipped off thet fingers ani bllown out fasten the flaps down. I almost forgot so:akted over night in one pint of milk. Especial attention should be given to
and allowed 4to Ibecomtllhoroughly dry to say that the ends of the rod were Ini tie morning add another quart of the strainer. One office white cloth is
before putting Iway. They keep much 'hel' down inside the bag by stitchipg milk and let it olil until the tapioca is preferable to one of wire netting, as it
etter fora fre t airing. Dst the through the sides and back which made clear, then add tle well-beaten yolks catches all particles of dust contained
better for freut airing. Dust the r cases for them. of three eggs and one cup white sugar. i tlhe milk. These cloths require a
hat carefully aInd cover with paper Before sewing the bag together Mrs. Beat the whites to a stiff froth with grat deal moreare, as they have to
andl keep in a bandbox or some other N. had put a small patch pocket with three tablespoonfuls of sugar, and gri't deal o ore ware, as they have to
tight place. It is not in the quantity Ittoned lap. inside the back, and on wien the tapioca is cool enough to tr eah using and hung in the air,
but in the quiaity *nd care of the cloth- tile tol of the front, under the flap thle pour into a glass dish, drop tile whites orr to keep them sweet and spotless-
hut in quality o te clo tters N. N.) for Ned's name. i large sptonfuls over the top. Put r w'i to k oop them sweet and ot bless-
ing tlat makes the well dressed per- 1hlien Ned found the carrier strap- a tiny block of bright-colored jelly on ly white. Too much care cannot be
son. pedl to his wheel he was delighted, de- each. This is better eaten cold. used as milk very readily absorbs im.
* glaring that the cloth was much nicer Chocolate Cream.-Dissolve one- purities and is apt to be a source of
Kumquat Preserves. than tle duck ones in the store and half cake of chocolate in a little hot disease if kept in a careless manner.
-Editor Hiousehold Department: the pocket aild initials were "just water, add one cup milk. and let boil. Th'e milk house should be in a shady
I see iln our last paper just received boss." Priscilla Pry. Mix tive well beaten eggs with two place where there is no danger from
that slome one wants a recipe for pre- * cups milk. pour the hot chocolate into hadl odors, and should have screens in
serving kuinats. I send two good Paprika Chicken.-This is a favorite them. stir well and 1bil all together the sides to allow the air to blow over
ones wllicll I hope they will try. IIngarian dish. pllltizing at all sea- for a few minutes. Sweeten to taste tlhe pans. which should always stand
No. 1. Pa'rloil in salt and water and sons. but especially in tlhe summer and serve cold. open. Scald out your house at least
' change water four times to extract when tlie appetite is Inlguid. Cut a Arrowroot Blanc Mange.-Boil one three times a week to free it from the
Stile oil from the peel. Parboil until a nice tender chicken into pieces as for a quart of milk, leaving out a little to stir Iad odors that are likely to arise from
fprk will easily pierce the fruit, then fricassee; flatten a little, such pieces two aind one-half tablespoonfuls arrow. milk that is apt to be spilled.
drain off water and add pound for as ineed it. Season each piece with root smooth in. When the milk is
pound of sugar and fruit. Cook for salt iand pepper and dredge it lightly Ioiling. stir ill the arrowroot, and af- A WO\NDERFUL INVENTION.
ten minutes. will flour. while you fry a minced on- ter it thickens. stir in two tablespoons
No. 2. ('lt fruit in two, take out seed icll in tvwo tablesl4sooIifills of butter. sugar. one of rosewater and a tiny They cure dandruff, hair falling,
and putl in enough cold water to cover. .dy lie chicken in thle letter and on- pinch of salt. Pour into molds. headache, tct.. yet costs the same as an
Adil'a ]pinich o f salt to a quart of fruit, ill. looking for 2 i minutes, so it will Mont Blinc. One-third box gelatine, ordinary comb. Ir. Whites Electric
loil until tender, then skimi out and lhe evenly iand thoroughly done. Tae Take lgriled rind of wo le ns. two cups I ." The only patented Comlb in th
put nearly pound for pound of sugar lp tie l' hickeln and stir an even table- slugir, and one pint boiling water. Stir worll. People. everywhere it has been
and fruit. Cook fifteen minutes. spoinful of salt land a very scant tea- until the ilixture is lneirly stiff, then Introduced, are wild with delight. You
Mrs. W. II. i. soonflll of plprika. or half a scant tea- stir in the whites of five eggs beaten to simply ('conml your hair each day and
Grove Park, Florida. spoonfut l of good mild cayenne pepper a stiff froth. Serve with a custard tlth collmb does the rest. This wonder-
* of any kind. Add la.t of all a cup of imade from the yolks of the eggs and fil 'coint is simply unbreakable and is
A Package Carrier. rich cream. Make some dumplings of onel pint loiling milk. Sweeten to mnade so tlhat it is absolutely impossi-
Editor Ilnousholl Ierpartnmnt: a I int of sifted flour, two teaspoonfuls taste, and1 flavor with vanilla. Let the hle tAo break or cut the hair. Sold on a
Ned wanted a: package carrier for his of shaking Iswder, a saltspoonful of jelly get perfectly cold and stiff, then written guarantee to give perfect sat-
hicycle. but as lhe was obliged to earn salt and butter the size of half an egg; form an irregular peak with it in the isfaction in every respect. Send stamps
his spending money and his wants moisten the dumplings with a cupful center of a glass dish. Pour the cold for one. Ladies' size, 5Oc. Gents'
were many. a ready-made one was not of milk. and drop them over the sauce, custard around it. and garnish with size 3. T. Live men and women want-
to be thought of. After explaining to l,et theml cook well, covered for 50 fine large strawberries dusted with su- ie everywhere to introduce this article.
his mother tllt he wanted it made of minutes, when they will be puffed up gar. or little blocks of sugared pineap- Sells oil sight. Agents are wild with
strong cloth. he hunted through the and light. Pour the sauce around the pie. success. (See want column of.this pa-
piece bags without finding anything chicken and make a circle of the dump- Snowdrifts.-Half ia box of gelatine, per). Address ID. N. Rose, Gen. Mgr.,
suitable. aind was quite annoyed when lings. If the tdunplings are steamed one pint boiling water, juice of two Decatur, Ill.
slie told hlin slhe would see if she could over the creaml sauce so they do not lemons. two cups sugar and whites of .
get elloughl t o f his father's last sum- sink into it they will ble lighter. five eggs. Dissolve the gelatine in the Mabel-That young Huddleston has
ner's pants to make time carrier. Potato Pancakes.-These are favor- water. add tile lemon and sugar mixed asked you six times to marry him, has
He gave one look at the faded and ites with our lerlnian friends. One together and put in a mold to cool, lie? I wouldn't feel irritated over that
worn pants that she took from the egg. three cllpfuls of grated potatoes. When not quite cold. take tlhe whites if I were in your place. You ought to
wardrolH'. and rushed front tihe roonil t three tales ifulfll of Hllour, three- oif tlhe eggs beaten stiff. sweetened and look lupon it as a highI compliment.
s.lying savagely. "If I can't have 1a dt- quarters of ai lre soniful of salt. one fvinored. a1nd cook thliem in filing Maud That's all right enough, but I
cent carrier, I won't have any." slant clupfull of sweett mlilk. Mix well milk for a minute. Turn the gelatine don't like the idea of his makiiX a con-
llis llother smiled as sie sat down to and fry ii I slider in one-half inch of loult of the mnuld (put lhe latter at once tenuous lperfollrmanie of it.-- Chicago
Iril tlle Iants. Slie then washed the fat. These cakes should be a rich in cold waterr. ,IIId lieat the jelly into Tribune.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 128


POULTRY AND lARBE DiPART-
rENT.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AC.RICITrrTRlRIST,
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla.

Poultry Items.
Scalding Ioultry.--Although a dozen
or more methods for picking fowls
have bleen recolllnended. tile quickest
and cleanest is to sclldi them. When
fowls are killed for use in the family
this method is nlvised. In the market.
however. :a gre:t dle:l ooprnd.ls upon
tile looks of poulltry il oli'rr to make
quick sales it goodl prices. Scaling.
it nlnst be admiiltted. spoils the ap-
pearanre of poultry intended for inar.
ket so that It becomes necessary to
pluck market poultry dry if tlh best
prices are expected to be obtained.
That imay lie. unquestioniably is. a mere
matter of Ipreference on tllie part of the
buyers. llnt preferences are not to be
disputed,. and hence must lie complied
with.
IIatel Early. -Get the breeding birds
together early in tle season. Feed
then well, both with warm food in the
morning anld with a little meat each
day. (ive- a goodl feed of the best
grain Isforc roosting tile. The sys-
tem of diMet ill the winter time will
keep lthe birds healthy and robust. 'The
eggs will lte ,perfect. anld the chickens
will Ibe haulthly. The eggs limst lie
gathered daily ;indl placed in a fairly
warm pI:ice until a sulfficiency is pro-
clured for a completely sitting. After tlhe
beginning of sUliiner. if you have so
far Iilad : good s:esoll. avoid setting
imlore eggs: iand it will lie advisable
where th, eggs are wanted as nearly
is possible a:ll tile yearllI round to get
a numbeI r of chickens from tlie forward
pulhlts in the nearly spring.
Free Range. In small runsl or enl-
closures fowls do not like to scratch.
They will stand. mioping. dull and inac-
tive. knowing fulll well that it is of no
luse to exlllnd force in scratching in
the hliaird soil. fetid with their own ex-
crenlieit. which contaminates every
lorsel of food given them. and in
which a worn or a bug has not been
seen for nionths. They are thus de-
prived of tle most natural food. which
thley like, and it would do them much
gooIl if they had a chance to roam at
will andll searcll for these precious mor-
sels at their leisure. Out of doors rec-
reation serves a double purpose; the
fowls find much food daily and get
enough of pure air and exercise to
make then healthy. -MAirror & Farmer.

Scarcity of Strictly Fresh Eggs.-
Good fresh eggs are always in de-
mand. for they are as scarce as hens'
teeth. Yet the cause of this scarcity
is hard to determine. Doubtless it is
because people have not as yet learn-
ed the importance of this article of dl.
et and the importance- of furnishing It
as desired.
Recently a city physician prescribed
for one of his convalescent patients a
fresh egg each morning. with the in-
junction that it must le fresh. not
imore than three days old. Strange to
say. such nll 1 egg could not le found
for sale.
Ill all the larger cities can lie found
a ready market for fresh eggs to be
used inl nurseries and hospitals, as well
as ill some of the best hotels, at 50c
per dozen. Now why cannot poultry-
men and the farmers fill the demand
by furnishing good eggs and shipping
them daily so they may arrive at their
destination not more than three days
old? The price which may be obtained
ought to be an incentive sufficient to
find a ready response.-Ex.
*
Green Cut Bone for Poultry.
No article of food hlas become so uni-
versal in recent years with poultrymen
as green cut bone. 'The majority of
large poultry keepers who keep liens
for winter eggs or wlo raise broilers
or young ducks for market. use green
cut Islle very largely and consider it
indispensable for the greatest profit. It
Is a highly concentrated food and must
be used cautiously. The only danger
ies in feeding too much or in feeding


that wllichl is sour or moldy. The one PAOiTIi i h POULTRIY BOOK.l mu.
results in forcing the chicks or fowls AFEPA ET ICArML POURLImKT LL t yrKO *re a
"off their feed." and in leg troubles IV a^."oiA- s
and the other In diarrhoea and bowel a"= toa i enld -= lelil 1. la eut
,oinllai:its. The maximum ration for reS e 8--f. Ia=ow lb h&a &.C em Q J.
laying liens is one-half ounce per day.
The use of green cut bone not only their ,naie from Cochin, China; the Si- HENS TDE TH OROUND OY
increases egg production. hut lessens bel.in oin. o Russian. fowls from Russia; III TER SUEliS.
the fodil cost of eggs. This is very thet Mallays. Javas. Columbians, etc.,
clearly shown by an experiment car- are inanidl from the respective coun- To properly digest its food the fowl
ried on by the TIatch experiment sta- tries. The re are also Guilders from must have grit What teeth are to the
tion of Massachusetts a few years ago, lilihlerlandll. Holland; the Bolton human being grit is to the fowL We
with two lots of hens and pullets, nine- (rays andl iHays from Rolton, England, can now furnish ground oyster shells,
teen1 ii ei~ lot and onfi l from freshly opened oysters, from
ten in t- lot and continuing seventy- lanid the Slhakcbag ;amies from the fact whichfrom frel the dst and yte has e
line d:ys from IFebruary 9. The food tli:t lthy were taken to cockpits in which all the dust and dirt hal bee
for one, lot Nwas in pounds as follows: Iags. -whi,-.h Ilhe owner shook as a chal- screened to supply this grit which or
1'liol" w henl 9)..-, oats 100. wheat ieng, r.r soe other bird. Ther are lacking In nearly all parts of Florida.
Iral., I ... wheat middlings 1i.4, hny othersonic tir b. Crveheurse a Goods very inferior to ours and full
Clhii.:iar, glut,,1n leal 18..5. ground ido- from. FIrant. Silky fowls from China of 1dst have been selling for $1.00 to
v,er IS..-, gr.e,.n .iut bone 10. total 2.85. 1 and .l:la Lech1orns.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
mnritive ratio 1 to 4.R. The other lot of whih indicate whence they are f o at
received ,ssentially- tihe slime food. ex- na:nnd. 'Thn there are the Creepers, 00. PAINTER &7 Co.b. Jacksonville.
c.pt thit illn pe ( of the green bone l r legs; the E. 0. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonvlle.
't hit i l.c of tile reen hone a small variety with short legs; the Fla
it zot 9.7 liounds aninial meal. The Jumnpers. mentioned by Buffon. another 1an
total food was *2 7 piounins. cost $3.20. of to die menti races are so short- Manufacturers of High Grade Per-
tiuilnitooe raiii 17 onos$2. of the diniinutive races,. are so short- tilizers and dealers In all kinds of Per-
nnIritive ratio 1 to 4.9. The lot receiv- legged that they are compelled to pro- utilizing Materals.
in o green ouit ,one laid 2C eggs at a gross by jumping instead of stepping.
cost of .940 pound d1Try matter in food ,Itninplers. or tailless fowls, came from
per tgg and 1.2e for food consumed, tie wild breed of the island of Cey- Orange and Kum Quat
while the other lot laid 145 eggs at a lon.--arm and Fireside.
cost of 1.794i pounds dry matter and 0 1 Nursery Stock.
2.2 for food consumed. This includ- A New Chicken Food. Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed nd
edl tie lost of labor for cutting the IRolld oats have long been a staple table. Also a general line of Fruit
bones. diet in tlhe progressive poultryman's Trees, Roses, Shrubs, etc. Prices
Quite similar results were obtained y.rd. especially for small chicks. The low. Freight paid.
iln morc recent experiments by the greediness with which the chicks de-
New York experiment station. Here It your it when moistened and swelled, SUMMIT NURSERIES,
was fouln thlit for laying hens the r. and, the speedy growth and sturdy D. L. Piersoa, Prop.,
tions containingg animall food proved iuildling which it shows, should com- Montcello, Fl .
suIpriior to others in which all the or- nem11, it to all who believe that there
anni" mitlffter :ws derived from veget- is nothing too good for llby chicks. A TOBA O D T
nl>),. solurc.s. IThe lenls fed green cut new ftoodstlff has ,been put on the I
bone linid lmore eggs and at less cost ntarket in tile form of loose shredded
per ,Iue for food consumed. Pullets wheat the crumbs presumably from If your fowls are troubled with liee
raisei on food containing considerable tile ,iscuit. It is sold in bulk and the or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 1 0
lone ,.--ni laying much earlier than c ast is a little less than the rolled oats, pounds of tobacco dust and sprinkle
those fed orrTesponing rations made ile it as the advantage of being it in yor coops. The tobacco s guar
in of vegetable food. This point is of fully cooked. It should lie moistened anteed to be unleashed. Stud 2 cent
iithe grvnitst importance to poultrymen the. same as oatmeal, and its swelling tamp for sample.-E. O. Painter & Co.,
and farmers who know of the difficulty calcity is really marvelous. If milk .acksonville, Fla.
of getting late hatched pullets started is obtaainable it induces a wonderful
to laying before cold weather sets in. gowth.
Once get tliem laying and with good Now that tle necessity of having a F R ALE
food. .ialre and warm quarters they will zood foundation is so largely realized,
lav well during tile Inte fall and early it ify Ino eants extravagant to feedA
.it is ln no ineans extravagant to feed
winter, wh.n t gs are highest, hbut if s rathr costly stuffs for at least Sp ial Bargain
tin-v caimnot lie started before the bolt- Sp i Bargain
thethey cnnot first six weeks. Instead of sloppy
days it is almost impossible to get any dough I feed crumbled cake in the ON EASY TERMS.
nroift oat of tllem before every other morning and at noon. using shredded Several fine bearing orange and
lien and pullet starts laying toward wheat for the morning lunch and roll- grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
spring and tle price of eggs goes down ed oats at noon. with the best clean, fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
ivith a thud. white whole wheat for supper. My fifteen to twenty-five per cent on In-
For raising young chicks and ducks chiks number over 20) and are raised vestment this year.
green cut bone as a food had's no equal. strictly for profit. which invariably
Nothing will approach it in putting lean.l a good str, followed by good Lyle & Co., A
onl growth and weight, more particular- food iand good care all the way along.
ly witl ducklings than chicks. Duck- orange .ludd Farmer.
ling- witliout an abundant supply ofl Ii
anlimal protein in the ration, together greenn Bone for inter Eggs.-The CE
with a: liberal proportion of mineral flavor of eggs depends upon the mater-
ilmatter. seen unafrle to make any ap- iil fed He very careful to feed only
proxinmtion to their normally rapid such food as is known to produce the IF ANY COM PANY
land most profitable growth. lbst flavored eggs. For best results offersyonwir fence cheaper than PAOGE eel
Nior:li Ioiie is odt:,iiiid at markets or enid. it will bave toi he a cheaper fence.
craip bon is obtained at markets or Ioth for quality and quantity. from prAd, 1141it WaIti SN kr, AI IAN. ICE.
,:!wkinl houses. and the short soft now Intil early spring, the following
Iocs witii meant adhering to them are I.atiols -w.ill he found very satisfactory:
liprfr.rred. These arc- ground up in InI tlh nIorning a warm nmash with half
lmachlines in:lae on purlose. which are an ounce of fresh ut ,one for each or
not expensive. he ct hone may be n. During te day allow the hens Fr it row ers
ixed ando feeldl i tie man.sh. Fbut ia to eat as nil cli ct vegetables as they O er
lprf.r:lll. to f.ted it alone. Fowls andfore going to roost they
chlieks are very fond of it. and it is the winl nd ffor e going to r oost c tey
hIcst excrciiser for tliem. Scatter It at sholi n. Bone. MurlatePoltah.S ulp at.Poal
iiin ill ti straiwhavt. or litter on the floor whet, or or hardtii r1 graill. They Acid ho.phateand Rainit.
ond i thle still r litter sc thing floor -ill also ieed at :111 times a supply *UUICIDIE
and there Avill rn llt sc a scrlatching for I n FinN wIrU IDES
it :s yu e seldom seen. It is a good of grit and clean drinking water.- Ammonia, Sulphate Copper. Bordeaux
it as yon have seldom seen. It is a good Poultry i lphe Copper. BordMtux
p~racticp to feed it three times a week, *INSECICIDES
ilhotliougl a little may be given daily. EX-GOVERNOR OF MISSISSIPPI Arsenate Lime. Parit Green. Azseit
It should lie fed at a regular hour on TESTIFIES TO THE MERITS OF Lead. Whale Oil Soas., Ksreme rl-
certain days. for when the hens get SLOAN'S LINIMENT. Send for prices. sto,**-o*d My.
: iestromed to it they are uneasy un. Jackson. Miss., May 5, 1900.
less it is given tlien at the expected Dr. Earl Sloan, Boston, Mass., W.S. POWELL a un.,
time. The only precautions necessary Dear Sir:-Some months since your aftimom, Md.
to observe are never to feed too much, traveling agent, Col. J. L. Collins,
nor any which is tainted. presented to me a few sample bottles
S* of your liniment, insisting that I give AGENTS W ANTED.
Names of Breeds. it a fair trial when occasion might de-
It is an interesting study to consider mand. Since that time several instan- We would like to secure an
tile various lcreeds of fowls and note ces with tenants on my plantation re-
their origin. T'leir names arise from quiring a remedy of this kind turned agent in every town and ham-
up, and must say with candor it act-
the place whence they cnme, or from ed like a charm and was perfectly let in Florida. Writeat once.
soIni other peculiarity in their form or marvelous in Its effects. I am sure that E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
aipplendl.g. For instance. the Dork. it is a remedy that fully merits all that
ings are iHuinld after Dorking. in Eng- is claimed for it, and I cheerfully re- Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
1:ain: tlhn- Blck Spanish after Spain; commend It to all people suffering with Jacksonville, Fla.
tlIh lollllns flroml IloudanF. France; any complaint requiring antiseptic.
tlie Shanghlis were named after (Signed) Robert Lowry,
Slhnghai, China; the Cochias take Ex-Governor of Mississippi, Can't you win one of our preminluat










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


LADY MARY'S STRATE- I
GEM.
When the engagement of Lady Mary
Applegate to Sir Robert Black was an-
nounced most of the young lady's
friends asked one another how on
earth she managed to catch him.
For Sir Robert Black, Bart.. of Rad- t
cot, owner of a great fortune and man S
of good family, was not only amiable,
agreeable and accomplished, but, at the a
age of thirty-five was looked upon as
one of the lights of the Liberal party
and likely to reach great position in the
state if and when that hapless party
came into power again; while Lady
Mary was the almost i~enniless sister of
the Earl of Potter Ileigham, whose
poverty caused him to spend most of
his time outside his native country.
"'How oi earth did she annage to
catch lhiml?" they asked one another.
"She's twenty-seven, only passably
good looking. and( every one knows
that for years shie has been unsuccess-
fully striving to find a desirable hus-
band."
"I wonder," said her dear friend,
Lady Hickling. "whether poor Sir Rob-
er knows that dear Mary has had a
shot at half the eligibles in London;
that she haos become a Ronan Catho-
lic In the hope of catching Lord Thur.
sie. that she turned Protestant again
when pursuing Sir William Mundes-
ley, that she golfed at poor Francis
Slapton. fished at the Duke of Tor-
cross, slummedd' at Lord Cantle, acted
at Freddy Faringdon, and. in fact, has
been all things to all eligibles except
wife."
ILady Hickling does not know-
indeed. no, one save Lady Mary Black
and this chronicler knows--by what
means Lady Mary caught her husband.
Here is the plain ani rather ugly true
tale: L.ady .Mary imet Sitr Robert in
August at the Leellades. where there
was a big house party. When she ar-
rived she found that two girls. prettier
:anti younger tlian herself, and helped
by mothers, were courting Sir Robert.
Thie lookout seemed bad, andt the poor
orphan was in despair until she per-
ceived that shel had mere bunglers to
complete with- girls, one of whom
thought that a pretty face and exag-
gerated demureness would win the day,
while the other relied upon good looks
and sllngy liveliness of manner.
A chat with her old friend. the Hon.
Charlie Wrotlesley. showed liady, Mary
that the way to Sir Robert's good
graces lay through Blue Books. and
that slihe nust p~ ose ;s a seriolS, intel-
ligent ylounlg womial in order to have
:ally cn.an e. lThle butler l v;is surprised


tlie hous.emaid wils a iiized to discover
political booki in her bedroom, and
whenever thi( Times ewas llissing the
hostess said: "I expect dear Mary has
it."
Sir Robert soon took an interest in
the intelligent. well-dressed, pleasant-
looking. If hardly handsome. girl. who
listened eagerly to his most serious
conversation aind surprised him with
the range of her knowledge and sound-
ness of her judgment in agreeing with
all his views after thoughtful discus-
sion. ()On one occasion she amazed himl
13y quoting some sentences froll the
speech which first brought him into
prominence., and lier hesitating avowal
that she had studied his career because
lhe seined to her tle nmo figure iln Imodilern politics s abused him
one of tlie keetnest pleasures of his life.
Yet. after a fortnight. Lady Mary felt
that slie was a;iking ino progress. She
guessed, and1 guessed correctly, that
the other girls--or, at et lst their nmoth-
ers-were at the bottom of the mat-
ter. Sir Robert was far too busy with
pIolitics to know mnuchi about society
or its gossip. and Mary was right in
her assumption that lhe at first would
be ignorant of everything about her
or her history: but the poor girl could
not prevent her rivals and their allies
front telling hiin tales concerning her
and hler search for a husband, and al-
though relying upon what lie assumed
to be his judgment of human character,
Sir Robert dishslieved nearly all that


vas told to him, there remained in his
nind an unpleasant feeling that Lady
Mary Applegate might be a charming,
intelligent lady. but was also a danger-
ils flirt and a schemer.
When Lady Mary guessed the diffi-
,ulty there were many frowns upon
ihe white forehead which she dis-
)layed more lavishly to Sir Robert
han to any previous object of her pur-
uit. andl her well cut, rather large
iouth. her best feature, pursed itself
lnd planned. A week went by. Lady
Mary was in despair. She recognized
with pain the fact that not only was
the unlikely to succeed, but also that
for the first time in her life she was
trying to will something more than a
wnealthly husband; she was trying to
win a man.
"To think." she said to herself, '"to
think I am caught in lmy own trap,
and that I would gladly marry him it
ie lost Iris fortune and position! To
think I aml in love at last and have no
iopel: How anl I to convince him that
I atl not half so bad as those girls pre-
tend and that I really care for him, and
not for his money and position?"
Two sleepless nights aggravated the
position, since., as she grimly t:,ld her-
self. slhe had no inargin of beauty to
play with. and hollow eyes and pale
lheeks were a terrible discount to a
girl never more than passably good-
looking.
Suddenly Sir Rolert was called to
town on business, but made a promise
to return in two days, and poor Mary
ndded l another to her collection ot
sleepless nights. (
Next morning Mary ate no breakfast,
iand. on a plea of headache, went up
early to her room. At midday she 1
ilint'ped off tlhe sofa on which she had
Iheen lying with a look of excitement a
in Iher eyes.
"'11 o it." shle said to herself: "it's
ai desperate trick, it's a wicked trick.
it's shanileful: but they say 'all's fail in
love or war.' though Ii' sure that's
illite untruee"
Slit sat down and Ilegain to write.
Her first letter was addressed to Sir
Rohert. It was short :and simple. She
ventured to remind himl that lie had
promised to bring from his town house
two or three books on the Indian fron-
tier question. in which he took a great
interest.
The next letter was addressed to her
friend. ('harlotte ('lairville. The four
Ip;Iges of the first sheet were nlere gos-
sip and friendly chatter: tie rest of the
letter iimlst lie set out verbatim:
".Aind now I Imust tell you of a more
serious latter, of one concerning which
I -n:11 hardly speak, alnd. indeed, could
InIIt ulllli))hol n myself ex-el)t to you
alone in this wide world. Yeou know
very well iwhalt mlil life has been and
iwhai.t little truth there S in tlihe stories
about :ny unprottected girl who has
always lieen popular with lenl.
"T'he position in society of a poor
'irl of good family is very hard and
difticult. particularly when she has no
r.,laltives of influence to help her. The
mllore fortunateon somehow seem to band
themselves against lher. like wolves
:ti.:-t iist a weakly Imelmller of the pack.
I uvei never felt this till now. never
knowingly suffered from it: and now,
oh, it's too 'cruel! Since I have been
!'ere a1ll tlIe idl'is of ily life have
cialinged. I have been a frivolous girl.
icry thoughtless of tlhe real matters of
l:fe. andl sulddlenly all this has chang-
led.
"I hliave found that life is very ser.
iosll and very I.aiutifill -very l)e:;utiful
for those who aire fortunate: very ser.
ions for tlose like myself. You know
you lhavei' suggested that I ought to de-
vote myself. or at least part of imy
tilam. to sonic useful work. and have
I begged me to help you with your
schllemes. Now I alm anxious to do so.
I want to leave this place, where I am
very, very unhappy. and comlle and
lielp you ill the nolle work you are do-
inll for your fellow creatures. Ton
will have lme. won't you? You nmay
wonder Iwhy. and I must tell 3you1. For
the first time iln lily life I have cole to
know tile meaning of the word 'love.'
You have often accused ile. not quite
unjustly, of flirting. I feel so sad to
think now that perhaps I have caused


'*v 0W arm&
Anll tar old or new, is nade pliable and easy-will look better
and wear loner--by the use

Eureka Harness Oil
The anest preser ve for lather ever discovered. Rves
many times its cost by Improved appemnces anj In the cot
ofrepairs. Sold everywhere In ans-all sizes.
BMd by STANDARD OIL 00.


TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.

ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
FOLIATA.
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Orapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FRUITLAND NURSERIES. J. BERCKMALNSCOp Auto Ga.
,Established 1 8566 BCO, Asw .


SFOR SUMMER AND FALL
--- PLANTINGs._

THE GRIFFIN BROTHER'S CO.,
S ED Jacksonville. Fla.

THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
complete stick of all leading sorts for southern planting Genuine Bermuda Onifn Seeds
and sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
3NLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
application. Address
plants fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE ORIFFINO BROTHER'S CO.,
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jacksonville, Fla.


MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.
- -r Pawser Service.
To make closE 'onnec-
FlOrida tonswith steame *leave
New York Jacksonville (Unk .de-
pot) Thursdays10.20. m.,
Phila- (S. A. L. Ry.) or Fer. ,n-
dine l:30p. mn.. via Ct n-
delp a & berland steamer; (me. is
a en route) or "all rail" va
SPlant System at 7:45 p. m.,
BostOrn ar. Brunswick 11:40 p.m.
Passengers on arrival go-
From Brunswick direct to blg directly aboard steam-
New York. er

I'ROPOSEI SAILINGS FOR FE BRUAItY AND MARCH. 1901.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK. GA., DIRECT TO NEW YORK LEAVING EVER
FRIDAY 4S FOLLOWS:
S. S. COLORADO ...... ............................. February 15
S. S. RIO GRANDE ........................ ....... .. .. ..February 22
S. S COLORADO .. ................................ .... ....... March 1
S. S. RIO GRANDE .................... ...................... March 8
For lowest rates reservations and full information apply to
A. W. PYE. Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville. Florida.
J. S. Raymond. Agent Brunswick, Ga.
C. H. MALLORY & CO.. General Agenta. Pier 21. R. R.. New York

paIlin to sole who many have taken ser- slept. ;tind I Itn l hecoining a wreck. I
iously what was merely a pastime. for lnust get aiway. For the moment 1
I ai iin love., and hopelessly. I thought feel more tranlnil. since he's away in
there was somle hope at one time. He I.oilon. lint I have a sort of duty to
seemed to lie growing into friendship-- myself to prevent myself from suffer-
nd,. oi. o. my dear! he is such a splen- inl needlessly. so I'll come. If I may..
didll an. not physically, perhaps, .inld help to tend your poor and sle
thlolghl lie is very good-looking in a people, and lie thankful that in working
quiet way. hut lie h1as a lirge. lunin. fior tlle ilhappilless of others there is
ois mind. IHe is full of great ideas. liolle I mnay forget Ily own misery.
:111an yet simple :all unaffected, and his Your 1nhapy111 friend. Mary."
iatlure is as kindly and unselfish as Mary dropped one or two real tears
possilile. over tlte letter she was very sorry for
"'But I don't suppose t is that. herself :ind far from confident about
There's something else which I do not li'r plans: then site carefully put the
understand that causes himii to fill my tirst sheet of tlie long letter into an el-
wai-ii aidl sleeping thoughts. and it's elope and addressed it to "Miss Char-
hopeless. I know it's hopeless. Prob- lotte ('lairville. : William street. Beth-
alily le inver woutll I have looked upon "n:l <:'eenI." and she took the rest of
nie under any eircilulstanelies as more tle' letter, and also the letter to Sir
tli:m a Imnre' friend. but even his friend- Itobert. :ind put them together into an
ship would have been very sweet as envelope, which she had addressed to
well as very litter. hlin at hits club. After this site put on
'-1 feel that thel, other girls in tlie her frock. did up her hair. sponged her
house alnd their itothers have been tell- eyes with cold water, put a drop of
ing tales ag:linst Ile-exaggerateld cocaine in tile corner of her eyelids,
tales of little follies. and. although "went down stairs, put the two letters
probably he believes little. I (an tell' il the post bag and ate a big lunch.
that something has crept between us' (in his return to the Leclllades Sir
anid that. perJhaps now knowingly. he Itobert Black found Lady Mary sitting
1-el eves 1 a111m merely a schemler. Why under I tree in the garden, looking
can't something happen to show the ve'ry picturesque. Sle was dressed to
falsehood of that? To think that if 1I perfection. Her cheeks flushed when
were only rich he would know that I lie tcale toward her. He did not guess
iaml sincere! I can't write any more, that this was in consequence of guilt.
dear. The last few nights I haven't Sir Rolbert did not take her hand; his








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 125


manner showed great embarrassment.
"Lady Mary," he said, speaking with
difficulty. "you have done a clumsy
and I. anl ungentlemanly thing."
"What is it?" she asked.
"In your letter to me, by accident you
Enclosed a part of a letter written to
some onle else."
She gave a little cry, a most artistic
little cry, and guilt flushed her cheeks
again most becomingly; he did not as.
cribe the blush as guilt.
"Oh. give it me-give it me! she
called out. "give it back! You
haven't?"-- She paused.
He fumbled in his breast pocket. His
powerful. well-cut faced changed rapid-
ly from white to red and from red to
white.
"I must tell you the truth," lie said,
"I read part of it innocently. 1 was
puzzled, but there was nothing to tell
me I was acting wrongly. When I dis-
covered the secret I tried to stop, but
something, to my shame, forced me to
go oil reading. It was an unmanly
thing to do; it was the meanest act of
lmy life."
lie drew the letter out of his pocket
and held it with trembling fingers.
Lady Mary showed her violent emo-
tion-real, honest emotion; she was at
the great moment of her life and had
not the least idea what was going to
happen.
"Give me my letter," she said, in a
broken voice. "I know 1 c('an trust in
your honor, Sir Robert."
"In my honor. after having acted so
dishonorably ?"
"I am sure," she replied, you were
so taken by surprise as to be acting
half unconsciously. Give me my let-
ter."
The girl looked beautiful; the shad-
ow of the tree softened the lines of her
face, her eyes were flashing with ex-
citelient, her cheeks burned.
"I will give you your letter only on
one condition," lie answered.
"A condition?"
"Yes, that you give me the writer."
She uttered a little cry, then was
dunlb, and turned pale.
"'And if you give me the writer," .he
continued, "1 nlay as well keep the let-
ter, which will be ny greatest treasure
save one." He put the letter to his lips
and then stretched out his hand toward
her.
Lady Mary Black, no doubt, caught
her husband by a trick, but lie has an
intelligent, loving woman as a wife,
and she devotes her brains and her
heart to the task of making the poll-
tician prosperous and the man happy.
-Edward F. Spence il tile Sketch.

Packing and Shipping.
Years ago when the writer was hav.
ing his first experience with shipping
strawberries in Florida. he and his
wetter half and the help were sorting
and packing the berries while a veter-
all Philadelphia commission merchant
stood by and looked on. Presently lhe
said to tie Iladamn: "l'erint me, in all
kindness, to nnake a sugegstion. You
are sorting the berries with great con-
scientiohsness, removing every speck-
ed or imperfect one. If a cup of ber-
ries was handed to me in the pitch
dark, and I was told that they were
from your sorting, I would eat them
without the least hesitation, so great
would Iw my confidence in their abso-
lute cleanliness. But those small ber-
ries that you put in are a positive det-
riment to the entire lot. For your own
cooking purposes they are as good as
any, but in the city markets they will
be a drawback. Tile vast majority of
people naturally associate smallness
with meanness and inferiority, and
those small Ibrries will handicap the
lot. You would receive more money
for a plint of llediun and large tierries
than you would for the quart of which
the last pint was made up of those lit-
tle ones, even though they are perfect
in every respect except size."
Subsequent experience and obser-
vation of tile returns received by other
shippers convinced us of the 'veteran's
correctness. Housekeeping is one
thing, sorting berries for a great city
market is another and very different
thing.
As to the custom of "plating" or
"facing" each cup of berries, it is legiti-
mate and even advisable to place a


hliindful of tine berries on top of the
uip. rounding it up to a generous ful-
ness. then tap it a nuilber of times
to lake' thlell settle down. But to
pi;a e the I,'rries in rows like a chess-
bon rdl. squeezing then into position
.with the thulmbll:l finger. even break-
illn the skin and making the juice flow,
this is a great mistake. If a man has
slhipld a long time to : certain mar-
ket and is thoroughly well known as
putting Ull always an holiest cup of
fruit, lie need not even face them. But
if lie Is unknown, he had better face
as above described, but by all means
pack an honest quart, sound and good,
clear to the bottom.
It is useless, and may be worse than
useless. to label a crate "extra fancy,"
'xxx." "'double extra," and the like. No
ilan who is shrewd enough to be a
commission merchant is guileless
enough to accept llny man's stuff at his
own rating, unless he is intimately ac-
quainted with him. Where there is a
technical classification, as bright and
russet oranges, the class should be
stenciled on the crate, but nothing fur-
ther. The fruit, whatever it is, will
le regraded and carefully scrutinized
and sold oin its merits.
That is, if the stuff is shipped to a
house which is not handling too much,
which is getting more business than it
can properly manage. This is a kind
of house that ought to be avoided, for
its greediness, as well as those other
concerns whose unscrupulous disposi-
tion is shown in their quotations of the
market a little higher than anybody
else. higher than anybody can quite
quote them honestly.
Long before shipping begins the
grower should, after searching investi-
gation. select one house in each city
and shill to that house through thick
and tlin. Treat all solicitors of other
houses with polite frigidity, but do not
"divide a shipment as an experiment,"
even to the extent of one quart. The
successfull grower has no time to bother
with market rumors, changes and tele.
grams. Putting up his fruit in the. best
inanner lie knows how or can any-
where learn how, lie ships with the un-
changing regularity and steadiness
that lie would if lie were shipping
hides and talllow. And if lie does not
hear from his house every day he says,
"Well. probably they are busy as I am.
I would rather they would take good
care of my stuff than to be writing
me fussy :inl windy letters every day
or two. Monday morning will do for
a report. Florida Farmer and Fruit
G rowver.

ROSES AND OTHER FLOWERS.
Every species of flowers and plants
from tlte hardy pansy and dainty sweet
peas to the majestic and beautiful
rose; as well as the more homely po-
tato and other vegetables, are describ-
ed in thle 1!l issue of Vick's Garden
and Floral Guide. The book is hand-
solnely gotten )p. contains 130 pages,
and 1nore than "2) elegant half-tone
illustrations showing in almost life.
like effect the various flowers, etc. How
to plant. cultivate and secure best re-
turns front flower and vegetable gar-
dens. whether operated for pleasure
or for profit, is fully treated upon, mak-
ing the volunle a cyclopedia of useful
and valuable information to anyone in-
terested in the subject of gardening.
By writing to .Janes Vick's Sons, Roch-
ester. N. Y., and mentioning whicn
plants most interest them, our readers
(.all secure a copy of the Guide with-
out (cost.


*
Hogs to be Slaughtered.
If the hogs to be slaughtered are fed
within twelve hours of their killing the
food is wasted, the Ineat will be more
disposed to sour. and it will be more
ditticult to remove tie distended in-
testines and take from them the lard.
Nor is it well to allow the swine to
drink on tilte ilorning of the day they
are killed.-Ex.

The Friend-So it was in Cincinnati
that you met your fate?
Tlhe More or Less Recently Married
One--My fate! Worse than that! I
met my finish!-Indianapolis Press.
a*
"Oil. that I might die kissing you,"
lie exclaimed.
"Well. I expect papa home almost
nlly niomlent now." she replied.-Chica-
go News.


'INCH 0ESTERI
EE flWY 53V1'A D


S W FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS

N black powder shellon the market compare with the h"NEW RIVAL" In uanl
or-mity and trong booting qualities. Sre fire and waterproo. Get the genne.
W1IUESTER REPEATIM B IS CO. -N Hme CmL





$4.00 for $2.00!!

Seed von must have to make a garden, and the AGRICULTURIST you should have to be a
successful gardner. You can get them both at the price o0 one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 and welwilfsend you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of

GRIFFIN BROTHERS.


Beans, Extra Early Red Valen-
tine.. ................ .10
New Stringless Green
Pod .................. .10
Dwarf German Black
Wax................ .10
Burpees Large Bush Li-
ma................... .10
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip ................. .5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield ............ .5
Early Summer.......... .5
Griffing's Succession .... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.....10
Cucumbers. Improved White Spine. .5
Long Green Turkish... .5


Egg Plant, Griffing's Improved
Thornless............
Lettuce, Big Boston..........
Onions, Red Bermuda.........
S Griffing's White Wax....
Peas, Alaska.. ........ .. ....
Champion of England....
Peppers, Long Cayenne..........
Ruby King........
Radishes, Wonderful..........
Griffing's Early Scar-
let.. .............. ..
Earley Scarlet Erfurt....
Tomatoes, Beauty...... ......
Money Maker..... ...
Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball..
Pomeranian White Globe

Ruta Bagas. Bloonsdale Swede....


FERRY'S
5gD8 You
know what
you're planting
when you plant
Ferry's Seeds. If you
buy cheap seeds you can't
besure. Take no chancee-
get Ferry's. Dealers every-
where sell them. Write
for 1901 Seed Annual--
mailed free.
a. M. FERRY & CO.,






S* in o t. t ea ueday.Bod,
of roerene&. a earm aI pelilty. Book on
Home Trs met -n t FE.E Atdlrw
B. M. WOOLLEY, M. f.., Atlanta, Ca.


THE SUPERIOR FENCE MACHINE
Sis made of steel
and nickle-plated.
It's strong and
durable. You can
build any kind of farm fence witf it
to fit the ground. You can build 40 to
i60 rods a day, at less than half the
cost of ally ready-made fence. Cata-
logue free. Price $4.75, charges pre-
paid. Sulerior Fence Machine Co.,
184 Grand River Ave., Detroit, Mich.
Good agents wanted.



40 Acres for $40 of orange
apple and vegetable land. Write now
for terms. CLARK D. KNAPP,
Avon Park, Fla.

Old books bound at this office,


Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.


6 XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
iiven as a Premium for One New Subscriber.


Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate. Address,

FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Jacksonville ,Fla.









26 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


WITH TE JOKE..
He-Why is it that girls always
laugh more than boys?
She-Perhaps its because they have
to look at the boys.
Aunt Sophy-"Why, Thomas, you
selfish child; you've eaten all that cher-
ry pie when I told you to save some
for your brother.
Thomas-I did. I saved him the cher-
ry stones to make a bean-bag.-Phila-
delphia Press.
His wife-Well, I never thought Bud
Green was fool enough to be bunco-
ed like that!"
The Farmer-But that ain't the


Crops in Plenty
The farmers who will reap the
rest harvest Ul year will be
whse who inw

VICKIS SEEDS
Nest profitab bam mwet r
d.ti,ic. All frmigrou .. ia
frhb stoc. Va.C' 0.ea- aD .
F*L Gnums soUn you all about
them and erthlng pertaining to
a.rdeo R pOM ate a Lton
Yo. plnat -t.
JAS. VICK'S SONS,
I... ss, ..aa..-.t aSr. .


OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.


Young Wife-"I knew you would like
the slippers, Harry, if for no other
reason, because I made them."
Husband-"You don't mean this is
all your work? Why, what a talented
little wife I have, to be sure."
Young Wife-"Yes, all my work. Of
course, I bought the uppers and Mary
sewed them together, and I got a man
to sole them; but I put the bows on
and did them up in the box. And do
you know, Harry, I'm proud of my-
self, I didn't think I could ever do
such things."-Tit-Bits.
A certain farmer living east of Os-
age City, and not noted for his resem-
blance to Apollo, has a son of seven
years who possesses more wit than wis-
dom or reverence. One day last week
a stranger came to the farm, and, see-
Ing the lad, asked
"Bonny, where is your father?"


Cure is taken internally, acting direct-
ly upon the blood and mucous surfaces
of the system, thereby destroying the
foundation of the disease, and giving
the patient strength by building up the
constitution and assisting nature in do-
ing its work. The proprietors have so
much faith in its curative powers, that
they offer One Hundred Dollars for
any case that it fails to cure. Send for
list of testimonials. Address,
F. C. Cheney & Co., Toledo, 0.
Sold by druggists, 75 c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
0 *
WANTED-Ladies and gentlemen to
introduce the "hottest" seller on
earth. IDr. White's Electric Comb,
pattented 1.fil. Agents are coining
money. Cures all forms of scalp ail-
ments, headaches, etc., yet costs the
salme as an ordinary comb. Send 50
cents in stamps for sample. D. N.
Rose, Gen. Mngr., Decatur, Ill. 1m


,SAVANNAH LINE"


BY LAND AND SEA.


FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
FROM

FLORIDA TO NEW YORK

BOSTON AND THE EAST.

SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Thence via Palatial Express Steamships. sailing from Savannah. Four shirs each week
to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or Sound Lines
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with nontllv sailing schedule s Write it r
general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
W. H. PLEASANTS, TraMle MManager. WALTER HAWKINS, Gen. Agt
New Pier 35 North River. New York. 224 W Bay St.. lacksonville. Fla


worst of it. He's fool enough to think BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON
that maybe the police'll git his money
that maybe the poliey'll git his money Fror use in granaries to kill weevil. to de-
back-an' that they'll give it to him stroy rats and gophers and to keep in
if they do!"-Puck. sects from the seed. etc.
So CENTS PER POUND,
Palmist--"You will live to be about put up In ten and fifteen pound cans
ninety, you will inherit a large fortune Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
in a few years, your business will E. O. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville.
prosper. and-"
Mr. Outertown (impatiently)-"Oh!
that is all right about these things; "In tllh pigpen." was the reply.
but tell me, will our new cook stay "In tin pigpein? Thinkss" And as the
with us any length of time?" an111 moved in thlie direction indicated
___ tile oy slihouteld: "I saly, you will know
The prisoner cried aloud for mercy. hil 'caiuIse hli s a hat on!" Kansas
"If I were to ask what you are City Star.
charged with," remarked the Judge, "I
suppose it would be proper to reply, Young Mother-Baby is somewhat
'Whisky.' ross today. He is teething."
Then the prisoner laughed aloud for Balchelor (in great awe of the mite of
mercy. lhumanity)-And when do you expect
Thereupon the Judge, appreciating 1him to commenice er hairing?-
the prisoner's appreciation, gave him I"Pnch.
the mercy he laughed for. A lstr wona who had made
An old Ilster womnisii who hlad made
Gent: What is the reason you charge money y selling whiskey in a village
twice as much for my cuffs as you did on fair 1and market days was visited,
formerly ? when she lay dying by a minister, to
Washerwoman: Because you have wholI she spoke about her temporal
begun making pencil notes on them. as well as her spiritual affairs.
Gent: What difference does that "And so, Molly," said the minister,
make? "you tell mie you are worth all that
Washerwoman: The girls waste so money')"
much time in trying to figure them out. "Indeed, minister I am," replied
_____ Molly. "And you tell me," continued
Yunker-"Did I ever tell you about the mlniistr seriously. "that you made
that narrow escape I had from a ho- it by tilling the noggin?"
tel fire while I was in New York?" "Na. lil, ililnister'," exclaimed the dy-
Eldster--"Naw." ing woman ; "I iade ninist of it by not
"It was the narrowest escape I ever tillin' the noggin."
went through. The check from Uncle
John arrived while the landlord was "Charlie, deaL," said te young Mrs.
talking of sending for a policeman."- rkis, you are very much oppose
Indianapolis Press. to bargain hunting. aren't you?"
"Yes."
Jackson-See here. Jimson, that con- "But you will admit there are occas-
founded dog of yours kept up a con- ion on which it is proper?"
tinuous howl under my window until 'l'erlhaps there are exceptions to
3 o'clock this morning! eve'ry rule."
Jimson (firmly)-It wasn't my dog, "Yes Ili i.rgai lhtig it iak all
sir! t'e iff'lr (,ive ii thl' world whether
Jackson-I'm glad to hear that, old youl are going lniong the merchants
man, because I hated to ask you to seeing who offers tllt' least expensive
bury the body. To whom did you sell dlrss goods, or whether you are visit-
him?-Brooklyn Life. iln tile lKIokmakers looking for their
best odds."
"I've given a little attention to that 0
new clerk of yours," remarked the man $100 REWARD $100
who wanted to do the clerk a favor, The readers of this paper will be
"and I want to say that I consider him pleased to learn that there is at least
a youth who will succeed. I notice he one dreaded disease that science has
is the kind who puts something aside been able to cure in all its stages, and
for a rainy day." that is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure
"Dear me! and I've missed two urn- is the only positive cure known to the
brellas already," returned the mer- medical fraternity. Catarrh being a
chant. "Much obliged for your tip, constitutional disease, requires a con-
I'll watch him." stitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh


5YSTEfI,


The Great Througn Car Line From Florida.


a THE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, via Charles'or
To The Richmond and Washington.
S THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Cc
lumbia and Washington.
via All Rail

The Southern R'y via .lesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
To The Tile Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevi;l
WT Tile Mobile & Ohio R. R via Montgomery.


aia Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
To The York, Philadelphia and Boston.

Via Savannah and Merchanls & Miners Transporta
tion Company for Baltimore.
via Steamablp
To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL.
PND
HAVANA STEAilSH IP CO.
NOVA SCOTIA,
NOVA SCOTIA, Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
CAPE BRET & STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesburm
PRINCE EDWARDS and Charlottestown.
ISLAND...


Winter Tourist Tickets

Will be on sale throughout the NOt'rNIIIIN. EAST'ERN, WESTERN AND
SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA IIESOITS Via tile PLANT SYSTEM
during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop-
over privileges ill Florida.
ADDRESS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
VERTISING MATTER.

'oe, information as to rates, sleeping-car services, reservations, etc., write te
F. M. JOLLY. Division Passenger Agent.
138 West Bay Street, Aster Itlock, .acksonville. Florida.
W. B. DENHAM, B. W. WRENN,
Gen. Sept. Pass. Traffic ng'r.
SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.


PLANT










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 121


FLORIDIANA..


.1. C. Ileard andl W. L. Straub, both
of St. Petersburg, have been active in
their work for the meeting of the pine-
apple growers, which convened at
Tampa recently.They have figured that
the only safety of the growers lay In
organization along the proper lines. Mr.
Heard Is president of the association
organized at St. Petersburg a short
time ago, and Mr. Straub is secretary.
The permanent organization of the
growers of the state has for its idea
the arrangement of business in such a
shape that shipments can be made in a
perfectly fair and impartial manner,
and at the same time prevent all the
pines going to one market. It is also
the idea to carry this out by having
a general distributing office, and that
office will keep in touch with the mar-
ket in all sections and govern the des-
tination of all shipments in this man-
ner. The growers also say that this
is a necessary step to protect them
from unscrupulous dealers who handle
the pines and get all the money, leav-
ilng the grower to whistle for what he
:ian get. The association will also have
for its aim the intelligent handling of
the question of transportation. It will
discuss tie matter with all transport.
tion companies, and see what they can
get in the way of better facilities for
handling, and a more reasonable
freight rate than they have been get-
ting. These are some important points
which the growers are organizing to
protect themselves on, and they say if
tlere is anything like a trust in that,
they believe then that some trusts are
good things. They say that beyond
these important points, and the steps
necessary to carry them out, they have
no idea of making a trust or anything
like one. The pineapple growers of
I lorida met there and elected O. D.
Wetherell, of Tampa, temporary
president; E. F. Sperry of Orlando,
vice-president, and W. L. Straub, of St.
Petersburg, secretary. After appoint-
ing committees on permanent organi-
zation and representation, the meeting
adjourned until these committees could
report. About seventy were present
wnich is a large attendance, consider.
ing the small number of growers shed-
ding pines in the state.-Florida Times-
Union and Citizen.
The supplement now running in the
Metropolis contains a description of
all the Florida lands belonging to the
Disston Land Company, in all about
two million acres. Of this amount
some 150,000 acres lie in this county,
the balance being in Lee, Brevard, Or-
ange, Osceola, 1'olk and DeSoto coun.
ties. Speaking of this sale the Kissim-
mee alley-azette says that it is a
foreclosure suit in the case of the Co-
lumbia Avenue Savings Fund, Safe De-
posit, Title and Trust Company, of
P'hiladelphia, vs. the Disston Land Co.,
and that the amount of land embraced
in this sale is over two million acres
of timber, prairie, swamp and muck
lands, a princely estate in any country.
The amount of the mortgage under
which the lands are sold exceeds 1,000,-
o00. As was announced some months
ago, all these bonds except an insigni-
licent fraction are owneu by the new
management of the Disston Land Co.,
who also own almost the entire stock
of the company amounting to over two
million dollars. The new management
is closely connected with the Standard
Oil Company, being Col. Huidekoper of
New Tork, and Gen. Chas. Miller, of
Philadelphia, and Hon. Jos. C. Sibley,
the well known Pennsylvania Con-
gressman. As is usually the case in
financial transactions of the magnitude
and character of this one, it is probable
that the property will fall into the
hands of these majority bondholders,
In which case it is certain that South
Florida will be benefited, because the
syndicate controls unlimited capital
and will lose little time in opening up
the property and developing its re-
sources. The property has been lying
dormant for a number of years in the
hands of the Disston estate, and noth-
ing but good can come to the people of
this section from a transfer of the
property to this wealthy syndicate.-
Miami Metropolis.


The city of Apopka and the region


A W (EYE STUMP P-LL ERIi i Pulls an ordinary grub in I% minutes.
HAWKEYE STUMP .PUL-LER--... -y
L '. Make a Olw Sweep of TwO Aears ad a SltlUln
SA man, a boy and a horse can operate t. No heavy chains or rods tohandle. You cannot longer afford
1 to pay taxes on unproductive timber land. Illustrated catalogue FREE. giving prices, terms and teti-
Smoalsaao full information ccerning our I. X. L OU Iroe Ort ntm b i Stump
Slhae. I-her alye and other appliances for
r clearing timber land.
S- ADDRess MILE BROS. FOR
Cl ^^^^E~MIUIE MFG CO- th ST. MNMOOUm.LL. 5EnuD PNim cAALous.


FLORIDA EAST COAST RY.


Time Table No. 80. In Effeot Jan. 28, 1901.
SOUrn BOUND Bead Down.) (Read Up) NOB'rM BOUND.
No.18 No.98 o. o o. ost I No. No.2 No.85 No.WNo.T4 o.28 No.1 No.2 N No -o44NoN.
ily Daily Dally DlDly Daily D aily Daily MAIN LINE SO DU Daly D Daly Daily Daly Daily Daly e Dailly
__0o______ ox o .x ax su ex Sn____ 8


"3- Eava- a Mail (Daily). "8- Ia ........A 61p .. 8 a l (D).
P 7a~ p 500p Op 3 op 92p 8S0a 1 25p 10 r..... StAugutBn .......L t6p f 8p 20a 11 10 ilI 8a 9al 208lui
oe 3 h. 2e* mMI(S 8 S? 3 lp 0.l"v... StAung rtln ....Ak i .. Ar p 20p 8.0p .715a 0. 7 l, t (Drl l ).
Makes local sto and r 2 ....... Hastings ..........L Sp. ..... .... .. ... Makes local stopst -'i
WYosks. ^8 Md 1012a "2eI811 8l3apH .......O P aled ....... g I fhp8p at lrai rlS pESoRld 6s
ries F. E. C. Ry. Buffet Par- PI 2 4 p I oril......... Oond......... 8 r4. 6 C. y. Bufetr=s
or Car. 1129p 1042. 8 p I 17p ......... aOmond ........... 840 40p la p 50811w"l ard l a"
S. A.1.L.rZe ily) l1891plOS52a 829p 17p "....... Daytona.......... 829p 420p 464 4 "8ao.74,Kiamlaa1Nasean.peeh1
. s . Zpre (Da ly). .. ..7P I 27 ".......PortOrange......... 8 19 lp 42'. a7dt, taeu ar *a,
mt Train. Stops only at 15 1 7p ...P r an ....... 8 (Dal .)
stations shown and carriers 12a11 5p I .. ... ew Smyr ........ 800p .5.p 6.0p 482a o elir of F.
o L Ry vestbule Bufft 4 "p .. ... ... ill R ........... 2 p i. y.vesbule Biro
Pr. lo. Ry. vestib leep Buffet i a- 2'-. To -t. u y. i emle r l a
N aui andN l 1a ... .. 12 56p. 8 .......... CBo o n ...... ...... 1 0 p i.e -I 2E5 2 8a -tla.

o xr r s ie. Alb u ef .. ...... I .p M5o u....... ea .......... .. 2 lor 1 2 tickp t.
this train must provide them- +'~' .............. -"....~ ~~~ ~ '--6- .......... 1) 1 ............82. FaCc TralInp28 ops onv y at
Nle. wth ParlorCar tikats 'a.el a1.0.. l. 8 .........". t Oce.......... 1" ..2 .iSp 4... 1 ..i sth'iiont iown and earris
t- aton- ula Bu.et 7 lp 1 5p p .. M lor ure. ..... 1040a 215p 3p uae veBtiblle B*ft
l r C aks. P f ....... ...... ... O .. ....... d ........... 1 .. . Paror Cars.
.l ........... i5 4as . . .... No O A.98. Pal B liro (0al )
ts t. NwYrait aso d tlream ..... 0 .......... Cer 11e5 ... .. .. Fast Train, r. Stop only al
wt.........at. ....0..... Vinr and carries

Liaitei (Daily.) ..... ....... .... ......... 6 ...... ....n s ....... 10 1' ............. ... P Llo it et (D ly.)
Wompoeed of F. I C. Ry. .......... ........ S a t ............. ... omn.ose of F. Ca. Say.
bule Buffet Sleepers a..........~ ..... .... l nd.. ...... a ...............
n.tlbeh nCeet Sleepers and *.. .* . 81.ip .. st 2Jupmesr ...... """ vestibuln Buffet Sleepers and
Dai Pal ch ich arn eepera Mim 2. 80 Ar West Plm Beach .... ll Dayoh Tn on slee
ftSonly at statc a hown. 90 S Hotel Royal Pidan. 85a Os 1 10 stopslyat aions shown.
Store onlyatstatrions shown. 540 9.l5 8 P p -- The Breakers........ 8 2Ua 10 15a 010P H' 5 01,) o1ly 32NwYor0ad Ln
No. QJ SewYork and Flotrida- rtiaima 5 p 9001Pe 8 01) ". We1tPalmlesb,... 80. 8 .lo.32. 1e 5York5a, 1lI 5al0a9-
_Itid orayt seept oanday). I K f .. -. tte 9ew ti. Agnte O o By....n .. .. Lv 7 8........... St. Auustin to Nw ork
wa S. Ar w C ...... 91 ..... : ynton ..... ... 723a .......... 100p gu ne
la southern e ailway. Cim- -,, .... 10 Fort lndal 1... ... ..... P via Southern Railway. Oo
g ed exclusively of ulln 2 Lemon CLty. ....... 5m8a......n.... 8p p" exlnvely ofPlllma
No. 37. N1ew Yorkad oid ?4a 0p 15 l0p Ar ........... Miamnl ............ 505t 810a 11 00a 8.Op o 38, wyk a Fld a
tll' tBalyl Except Mongay). cii (Daily eept 8i1 sy).
NewxYork lio -t. Augu.stine SQ Augustin to'New Y'ork
Pllan Coast via Atlantic toast Line.
Oomposed exclusively of Conim'osed excluively of
Pullman Caris. T irn d mot stop whero time Is mot show. Pnll i:ti Cars.
NM. 43. Florlda and MetropoUtu No. 41. Florida sd Mtnopolits
Limited (Dailyl. Limited (Daily).
New York to St. Augustine St. *nglltine to tew York
via Seaboard Air Line. Com- via S,,natard Air Line. Oem-
p exclusively of Pullman osti exclusively of Putlman
Day- h operated on ay-och opered on Cars Day- h ated an
this train on which i.io extra this t rain on which no extra
or Pullman fare is charged. go. 15. Chicago ad Foia Special No. 16. WICmo aid Florida spoW or Pullman fare is cbkrBnL
NS. 93. Chicago ad pl (Dal-y except Monday). (Dail y except Sunday).. 2. C F( s
hftead (Daily). Chicago to St. Autine St. ugstine to Chicag t. Augus11tin to icy o
Chicago to St. Asville Avia Oincinnati. Ohattiitg, via AtlAnta. Chattanooga ,.i M,,ttgomar., Nsahvinle
via Evansville. Na(shvle an and Atlanta. Compaos.11 x and Cincinnati. Oompoa ed Tl o"W.
Montgomery. ned ex- elusively of Pullman Cars xols.ively of Pullman Cam. and Kvnll. .ompoe e-
clusively of Pullman ars. elusively of Pullman CaMs
Day-Coach o,ceraled on this Day-Ooach operated on this
train on which no extra or tram on which no extra or
Pullman fare is charged. Pullman fare is oharaIl


Sa&rN utLU BiAtNUBE.
All trails daily except Sunday.
No.lll No
7 ........................ Tituslle ..................... Ar
7 18 ......................... Mim ........................ ." I1
82 ...........................Osten........ .............. 157a
8 0 ....................... aterpria ......... .......... 11 8
980alAr .... ................. sanford.........................Lv ll 00.


PAI.ATKA BRANCH.
All trains Daily.


No.5lNo.8,No.S~l~~l7I1.4t ol.4iN 44 1; .50 No.0
6 10 p OillrNl 9
6 4UP WP11 35a, ArPtBv 8 11541% MO 6061)~


No 65I|No.4l SAN MATNO BRANCH, All Trains Daily No.42|No.4
C yn 7i.lvW TuPalati. Al ir


0o.1 No.7 No.25 No 5 No.6 No.8 No.26 7 8 r .............. n Mateo- .............. Lv; 8i a
Sun Daily Snn Daily MAYPORT BBANCH. Daily Dally Sun
Ply ex8u on ly lea __ ex 811 only _-_
Ol ex su only ex S ex only No. 8 No. I ORANGE CITY BRANCH. o. ns47
6dp 000p 2iIp 15a Lv Jacksonvle Ar 60 s a5; eOOp ... .. A__ trains Daily Except Sunday.
62p 60p 208p 823a "So. Jacksonville Lv 6 42a s27i 5 52.... plOaLv- .......... e Smvra.......... Ar 1 p T
715p Sp *. C. 850 .. Pablo Beach la 5p 5 ...... 404 l .... ....... .Lake Hqlen. ...........L .. 2L L
720 p 2 lp 855 .AtlanticB h 5a 4 ..... P "........... Orange Cit ................ 123p
l40p 7iap ;li 9ala Ar ..Mayport... Lv 520 4p 500 .. p 1 Ar.......... Orange City Junction. ......... 123 0p 50p
These Tiie Tables show the ttmes at which trains may be expted to arrive and depart from the several stations, but their arrival
or departure at the times stated ti not guaranteed, nor does the Company hold itself responsible for any delav or any eonlsqusanlr
arisang therefl oin

PENINSULAR AND OCCIDENTAL STEAMSHIP CONNECTIONS AT MIAMI.


l IA



NASSAU.
N.P
Bahama
Ils.lad.


SMI-NASSAU LINK--S. S. MIAMI. MIA31-IIAVAIA IINE--.. S. PRINCE EDWARD.
SAILINGS EKTFOTIVE Jan 16:
SAILINOS JAN. to FEB. 1901 i HAVANA, I Leave Miami Sundays and Wednesdays..... 11
Leave Miami Monday and ureday ..... 11 D Arrive Havana Mondays and Thursday.... IO
Arrive Nasau Tudays sad Fridays ....... 8 OO Cuba. I eave Havana Tuesdays and Fridays ........ 12-0o
Leave Namisu Wednelday s and Saturdays. 20p Arrive Miami Wednesdays and Saturdays.. 500
SArrive MiamiTharsday and indlay...... i00 MIAMI-KEY WKSI' IINKI.--S.S. y:ITY OK KKY WKT.
SSAI IN( i FEB. 4 to MAR03 81: fSAILINGS FF IKTI'IV Jan. 14:
Leave Miami Mons.. Weds. and ....... 2 80 KEY WEST, I Leave Miami Monal. Weds. and Fris ........ 1
Arrive Ntasau Tues., Thur and Sata....... 600a Arrive Key West Tues, Thus. and Sate..... 2
Leave Nialllu Tuen. Thurs. and data ........ 8 0p Florida. I Leave Key West Tnes.,Thus and Sat...... 8
Arr-iv, Mianl Wla., Prisn.. and Snns ....... sUa I arriv Mivami Wads. P.ri. and n ........ us e5
SAIlI.INS C(OMMIENOtNO APRIL 1:
Will li IIII ame lavand hours a for January.


For copy of local time card address any Agent.
J. D. -AH NER. A-it. Gen. Pass. Agent.
It- _- "" -


ST. AUGUSTINE, FLA.
. . .. . . imi i


therealouts. like other portions of Or- I Apopka i)H',pl do not believe there is of thi, orange groves that were killed
:lage (collllty. llhs suffered severely I going to be a freeze. and are in conse- hby the, sI.ucessive freezes of the past
from the freezes of the past five or I quen six years, Ibt. like other sections of question of a freeze aside, Apopka is ed or reset and promise heavy yields
Orange. is gradually but surely recov- picking up. The merchants report a in comling years. The percentage is
ring froln the repeated stunning blows gool business and much real estate, proliably greater than that of the or.
she lhas received. The country around which through mortgage foreclosures, ingie growing regions of East Orange,
A\lopk: is essentially an orange grow- aband:lonlment or for other reasons, has :ind yet the groves about Apopka were
ing section. land. if visited by a kill- bten lying dormant is passing into quite as badly daniaged. The number
ing freeze this winter, the prosperity into active hands, and sequentially, of new groves appears also to be pro-
which reigned there in years gone by again contributing to the prosperity of portionately greater.-Orlando Sentin.
will return in the fullest measure. the neighborhood. A large percentage el Reporter.


_ __ __ _


I


I








128 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Simon Pure


Fertilizers


-ARE -



4 Time-Tried and Crop=Tested! .

Manufactured espe-ially to suit all the requirements of the



GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.


If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we'can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Ammoniates:
SULPHATE AMMONIA,
NITRATE SODA.
DRIED BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BONE,
TANKAGE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
CASTOR POMACE,


Potashes:
MURIATE POTASH,
HIGH GRADE POTASH.
LOW GRADE POTASH,
KAINIT,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES.
Phosphoric Acids:
DISSOLVED BONE.
ACID PHOSPHATE.
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,


Miscellaneous:
SALT,
LIME,
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS,
BLUE STONE,
CAUSTIC SODA,
LAND PLASTER,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON,


OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen
rally.
Tobacco Materials:
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS.
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to con
tain all their fertilizing and insecticide
properties.


WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO

E. O. PAINTER & CO., = = = Jacksonville, Fla.


Grew So Heavy.
B. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertili-
ser bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some


others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.

Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter d Co.. Jacksonville. Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee. Fla.. Sept. 21, 1900.


Beyond My Expectation.
E. O. Painter & Co.. Jacksonrille. Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the I.. P. S. Pinery, the
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order nior, fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
Very respectfully.
A. M. Spenger.
Osteen. Fla.. Sept. 27. 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-


ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
'nl you imay confidently look for a
(ontinualnier of my patronage.
Yours very truly.
M. F. Robinson.
Sanifor'. 'la.. Oct. 5th. 1900.
Ojus. Fla.
p.. 1'. 1',iintrr U',entlemeii:-P'lease inclose me an-
,hrller pri-ce list. This fertilizer has giv-
1en sat:ist':iliiion > iual It any manure
that Ins 1,bee landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Sneed.


A High-Grade Fertilizer
-MUST HAVF


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"T'HE IDF, A T" BRANDS-
j -'tV E \VE TH ESE. ".

Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when y'ou can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................ $30.00 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.0o per ton
A POTATO MANURE ..o pr tn IDEAL PLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................. $3o.o per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE.......... $3o.oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER ....................$20.00 per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT.IZRFR COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
p isot Bnrmd Blood and Bone, $ 18.00 per ton Damavaland Guano, The Ideal Tobacco Fertlliser. $44.00 p er ton.