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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00059
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: February 13, 1901
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00059
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text






U. S, [j
Lille. ;, W ID&M~nH


~ JOURN T INT'nid


Vol. XXVIII. N. 7.


Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Feb. 13, 1901.


Whole No. 1411.


Proit and Grain.
bdUior Plorig Agriclturist:
The official report that comes to us
here in South Florida is that in the
United States in 1900, there were 49,-
495,85 acres of wheat harvested, and
that the average yield was 12.29 bush-
els per acre. The report that came did
not Inform us of the average price per
bushel that the growers were paid
for that wheat, but it is certain that
the price did not exceed one dollar a
bushel and it is doubtful if that price
exceeded three-quarters of a dollar a
bushel. After the payment of taxes
and making some allowance for inter-
est upon the investment; that is inter-
est upon the cost of land, there is not
a large profit left for the grower of
the wheat. Similar illustrations might
be made as to other grain crops, with
the exception of rice. The rice crop has
paid a fair profit and will continue to
be profitable as long as the American
farmer avoids southern fields. There
Is now and has been and will be a
profit in the southern field when the
crop grown is proper for the soil and
climate. Northern people in coming
south expect to grow the same crops
and the same fruits which they grew
or saw growing in or near their north-
ern homes. They prefer to grow some-
thing not adapted to soil and climate.
One man from New York wishes a
field of wheat instead of rice or broom-
corn. Another from New England at-
tempted to grow quinces and another
from one of the Dakotas planted an
apple orchard, where he should have
planted oranges, grapefruit, limes or
some of the citrus fruits, all of these
made failures. They purchased good
land cheap and their time which they
lost was their own.
Fruit growers in South Florida are
and have been prosperous. That part
of the state had nearly a million and a
half boxes of oranges. One county (De-
Soto) bad and sold, including grape-
fruit, limes, a few oranges and citrons,
four hundred thousand boxes. The
Plant railroad system sent their most
trusty advertising agent through the
orange belt. He went south from Lake-
land. He found large groves well laden
with fruit around Bartow, Homeland,
Bowling Green, Avon Park, Wauchula,
Zolfo, Arcadia, Nocotee and Ft. Ogden.
Among other things in his report he
said this, "I am convinced that better
crops of citrus fruits have never been
harvested. It Is not the exception to
find growers who have already sold
their product for $5,000, $6,000, $10,000
antrwn as high as $20,000." The fruit
that sold for $5,000 grew in a six-
acre grove. There were several who
sold their fruit, each grown in a ten
acre grove from $6,000 to $10,000 and
the $20,000 sale was made from a
twenty-acre grove, which contained a
few hundred bearing grapefruit trees.
Remember that wheat avAtged 12.29
bushels to the acre. The agent of the
railroad looked into the pineapple in-
dustry around Avon Park. Punta Gor-
da, Alligator Creek and Caloosahat-


chee river. He found the pineapple In-
dustry thriving. This is what he report.
ed on that subject. "The pineapple in.
dustry is thriving. They are gen-
erally planted under cover, as it has
ween demonstrated that pineapples,
partially shaded from the hot suns
rays in summer produce much finer
fruit, and should there be cold winds
in winter, the half covers are found to
amply protect the plants, which are
very sensitive to cold. This is not only
a productive country, the soil yielding
generous crops of vegetables and pine-
apples. but it is also a beautiful coun-
try. You may secure a fow of arte-
sian water at a depth of not exceeding
t14M feet (in many places much less)
with which the residence may be sup-
plied, and the grove and garden and
fields irrigated at pleasure, and it is
well known that citrus and vegetable
crops in this part of Florida are as-
sured when a supply of water can be
obtained.
If commercial papers are to be be-
lieved, in 1900 Florida shipped to New
York 750,000 boxes of oranges against
125.000 boxes in 1899. The quantity of
grapefruit shipped from Florida to
New York in 1899 was largely in ex-
cess of similar shipments since the
great freeze. At this writing there has
been no signs of freeze or dangerous
frost in the orange and pineapple belt
of South Florida. Orange and grape-
fruit trees are in bud, it will not be
many weeks before they are in full
bloom. Huckleberries, grape vines,
peach and plum trees are in full bloom
and indications are for a large and
profitable crop of each. The man who
comes here believing he can grow an
apple or quince orchard makes a mis-
take. The orange and grapefruit (po-
melo), peach or grape grower in South
Florida makes no mistake, as in other
crops there is a profit.
It would seem that the production
of fruit is of more profit than grain.
But says one, consider the great
profit of grain produced in this coun-
try in 1900. Of wheat there were 229,-
505 bushels. Corn in 1900 reached the
respectable figures of 2,105,102,516
bushels, oats 809, 125,989 bushels, bar-
ley 58,925,833, rye 23,925,927 bushels.
The corn crop was the largest ever
known. It seemed hard work, and In
fact it has not been done yet, to mar-
ket this vast grain crop at a profit to
the grower. There has been no trouble
to market the Florida citrus fruit and
the pineapple crop not only at a profit
to the grower, but at a fair profit for
the commission man and merchant.
The West India Islands are general-
ly fertile, and produce grand crops of
fruit and vegetables. Jamaica is rich
in fertility and a good fruit producer.
The main trouble about Jamaica fruit
is the way it is packed for shipment.
The packing is done mostly by Ignor-
ant negroes. These negroes pack in the
barrels and boxes fruit that Is unfit to
ship. Often when the fruit reaches
the market in the United States or
Europe it is rotten or partly rotten,


and not fit to be exposed for sale. The
negro laborers will shake the oranges
from the trees, pick the fruit up and
carelessly dump it into barrels or
boxes. Fruit thus packed is unfit for
the sea voyage which it must take to
reach the market. In Porto Rico which
is a United States possession it Is dif-
ferent. Fruit is carefully picked and
packed. Dealers recognize the fact that
the Porto Rico orange is the best that
reaches the market from the West In-
dia Islands. In that island fruit is care-
fully picked and packed. It is so put
up that it will stand long shipment.
There is a system to it that is lacking
in Jamaica. Porto Rico has been pros-
perous. It has more inhabitants than
either Florida, Maine, South or North
Dakota, Vermont or a number of the
other states and an area of only 3,550
square miles. The result of Porto Rico
is from fruit, and its careful packing.
If the people of the Island depended
upon grain to support the large popu-
lation of neatly a million people they
would be on the verge of starvation.
But as it is Porto Rico is a fruit grow-
ing island and has plenty for the sus-
tenance of its large population. Florida
is a fruit state and has fertile soil. It
has an area of 58,680 square miles and
can support a population as large as
Porto Rico per square mile. When all
the prejudices have been killed and
Florida population becomes as large
accordingly as that of Porto Rico, It
will have within its borders a pros-
perous population of over eleven mil-
lions of people. My point is, the fruit
industry is not fully appreciated. There
is less competition in it than in the
grain industry. Let the grain industry
be confined to the grain growing sec-
tions. Florida s a fruit growing sec-
tion and can become and Is fast be-
coming one of the most popular and
wealthiest parts of America. Hurrah
for fruit, prosperity Is by its side and
hand in hand with it.
Peter Prindle.
Avon Park.
i *
Grape Growing and Wine-Making
in Florida.
In compliance with your request I
give you my views on the subjects
above named.
As a grape grower I have had experi-
ence in three states, Tennessee, New
York and for fifteen years In Florida.
To undertake to give you a detailed
account of my failures and success,
experimenting with various and many
varieties of vines on different soils,
etc., would require more time than 1
have to spare, and would not be of
much value to those of your readers
who contemplate going into grape cul-
tree. In this latitude I find that all
early varieties should be planted on
high land, but late varieties have done
best on low land wen drained. Early
varieties which I grew on low land
were injured almost every season by
late frosts, whereas the same varie-
ties on a high pine ridge were unhurt
and ripened fruit several weeks earlier


than the same varieties on low lands.
On elevated land plant grapevines
deep. after having fertilized the soil
with fine ground Florida phosphate and
bone meal. On low land first see that it
has good drainage, then plant shallow
and use same fertilizer. Every family
should have vines that will give them
grapes from June till October, but to
grow grapes for the money that is in
them only the early ripening varieties
are to be considered in Florida unless
the grower understands wine mak-
ing. has capital to build a wine house
(to be used for no other purpose), a
good deep cellar, money to buy the best
appliances for getting the juice out of
the grapes, large vats or casks for stor-
ing the "must" (fresh juice), time to
look after and attend to it at least once
every day during the year, plenty of
perseverance, patience, etc., then he
had best grow only enough for family
use and local trade of the late varie-
ties. for they will not pay to ship
north, east or west
This statement may induce some to
believe that we wish to discourage
wine-making In Florida, but such is
not the case. We believe there should
be more wine made in Florida, and
more of it drunk; in all the warm cli-
mates of the old world "vere de beeb-
les ist old enuf to know somedings,"
wine is the staple drink of the people,
old and young. We have often seen
them giving it (diluted), to babes that
had not been weaned from the moth-
er's breast, the hale and hearty, mid-
dle-aged men apd women drink it for
breakfast ahd' ,idn'ner, the old and
infirm drink but little else, yet these
people are temperate and long lived;
drunkards are unknown among them.
While in the southern part of Italy,
a few years since, during the hottest
part of the summer, with the thermom.
eter up to ninety-five and ninety-eight
degrees in the shade we found the men
belonging to the laboring classes work-
ing regularly fourteen hours a day,
and yet they looked well, stout and
happy; upon investigation we found
that they subsisted chiefly on wine,
bread and fruit, and these are the ar-
ticles that we Floridians should ume
more of and less fat pork, canned goods
and whisky.
We see no reason why Florida should
not supply the northern markets with
all the early grapes they may want;
our White Diamond, Worden and Ni-
agara are all fine grapes, ripening in
June. They sell readily at from twen-
ty to thirty cents a pound in the large
cities, and it pays well to grow them
at these prices, but as soon as the crop
in New Jersey and adjacent states goes
into the market, commencing the early
part of July and continuing until win-
ter. grapes shipped north from Florida
would not sell for enough to pay the
freight.
Having these facts in view we can-
not advise the extensive planting of
grape vines which will not mature
their fruit before the first of July.
Now, as to wine-making, looked at


-_,P"








98 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


from one standpoint, it is a very simple
matter; get the grapes first, press the
Juice out of them. let it ferment, and
you have wine. Such is the prevail-
ing idea among most people who have
never made it a study.
Wine-making is, to use the words of
an old German, who had been a wine-
maker for forty years, "a one-sided
art."
The writer had several years experi-
ence as a pupil in wine-making in Ger-
many and France, and has been en-
gaged in this business in Florida for
twelve years past, but feels that he
does not "know it all" even yet. How-
ever, others may be more apt, and if
their fancy tends that way, let such
try it, "Nothing ventured, nothing gain-
ed."
If we had to "start over again" in
Florida, we should make the growing
of early grapes our chief occupation,
for we believe there is much more
money in them than in wine-making or
orange-growing; in fact, our early
grapes have paid us better than any
other investment we have made In
Florida.
We consider December the best
month for planting grapes in the state.
-Holmes Erwin in Times-Union and
Citizen.
C
How to aise and Harvest Broom-
corn.
Plant and cultivate same as you
would sorghum for syrup. The only
secret is to get it cut and cured when
the straw is toughest and this will be
when it is still green. Cut and thrash
the seeds off while the seeds are in
the dough. This will require quick, fast
work, as the straw is in the right con.
edition for only a few days. The prop-
er way to proceed in the harvesting is,
first, when the straw is in the right
stage to go through and bend two rows
together, breaking the stalk at about
four feet high, taking care to bunch
the heads to be convenient for the cut-
ters. Follow as fast as possible and
cut the heads off, leaving about one
foot of the stalk with the heads.
Thrash the seed off as fast as cut and
cure for two or three days In the shade
to preserve the bright green color
which is so desirable.
When it is thus cured it should be
packed in bundles, convenient for
handling, by lapping the straw togeth-
er and turning the butts out and bind-
ing firmly together with wire. It is
then ready for the broommaker.
Four or five acres can be grown prof-
itably on an ordinary farm, as the
farm barn can ordinarily be used for
curing. Large crops require consider-
able outlay for sheds, etc., and if labor
is not plentiful and to be relied upon
at the right time irreparable loss will
be suffered by the straw getting too
ripe.
The machinery necessary for hand-
ling a small crop of from four to tell
acres will consist of a small horse
power for one or two horses. The
thresher can be made by making a
cylinder of any size desired of wood.
Twenty-penny wire nails make the
best teeth for the cylinder. Gear this
to the power giving good speed. Then
thresh the seed off by holding small
handfuls on the cylinder.
I have had several years' experience
in raising broomcorn in Texas and will
be glad to give any farmer the benefit
of my knowledge.-Dallas News.
0
Growing Sweet Potatoes.
The sweet potato is a most important
crop with the southern farmer, and Is
destined to be more important as the
market for it enlarges. The Increased
use of the sweet potato will come as
its merits as a delicious table vege-
table becomes more widely known. I
understand there is an effort being
made to Introduce them into Europe,
where, heretofore, they have been al-
most entirely unknown and this ef-
fort is likely to lead to a large ex-
port trade.
Whether our market is enlarged or
not, we have in the sweet potato one
of the most useful of all vegetables for
home consumption, supplying the poor
man's table with a vegetable and de-


sert at the same time. Then, besides,
they are fine for stock in the spring,
chopped up, with a little salt sprinkled
over them. They help the appetite and
general health of the animal. The very
large, misshapen and unsuitable tubers
can be used in this way to advantage.
I am especially enthusiastic about
the sweet potato Just now, having
made a very fine crop the past season.
I not only succeeded in growing 200
bushels to the acre, but also In keep-
ing them nicely, and am finding a
ready market for them at 50 cents per
bushel. We made 400 bushels in all,
and they are one of the easiest crops
we grow.
We bed our potatoes in sand under
glass, according to the plan advocated
by Professor W. F. Massey, of the
North Carolina Experiment station.
About two inches of sand and leaf
mould is put in the frames, then the
potatoes are placed close together, bed-
ding them in the sand. A little sand,
barely enough to hide the tubers, is
then spread over them, to prevent
burning from the sun. The sash are
then put on and allowed to remain
until tile potatoes sprout, when about
four inches more of sand and leaf
mould is put on and the bed is water-
ed. After the sprouts begin to appear
above the surface we tilt the sash on
warm days to admit of air. The bed
should now be watered frequently
whenever the soil appears at all dry,
and these waterings kept up as long
as you wish to draw slips from the
bed. If the bed becomes dry the pota-
toes stop growing. We bed potatoes
about the first of March in our locality,
and have plants ready to set out about
the middle of April.
If you have no glass select a pro-
tected spot where water is convenient,
the southeast side of a building, fence
or hill being preferred. Dig out a space
alout six feet wide and one foot deep
and as long as desired. Fill this with
fresh manure, tramping it down some-
what. Then put on two inches of sand
and leaf mould as before, bed the po-
tatoes in this and cover about four in-
ches deep. This brings the top of your
bed four to six Inches above the level
of tie ground. Place a log or six-inch
plank along side to prevent water from
running in and cooling off the manure.
Be careful not to bed any potatoes
showing signs of dry rot, as this will
encourage diseases. It is also a good
plan to keep the bed covered with
pine straw on frosty nights or during
a cold spell.
With the market gardener the sweet
potato crop can be made to follow
some early vegetable, such as English
peas, turnips or early Irish potatoes.
But with the general farmer the land
for his crop should be broken in the
spring with a one-horse plow and re-
plowed from time to time as opportun-
ity offers, until you are ready to plant.
This work not only keeps down the
weeds and grass, but puts the land in
a condition in which the slips or vines
will live easily when set.
A light, sandy loam is the most con-
genial soil for the sweet potato, as it
is for most root crops, and also, like
other root crops, they require a liber-
al amount of potash in the fertilizer
used. We apply about 500 pounds to
the acre of a fertilizer analyzing am-
monia 3 per cent. available phosphoric
acid 7 per cent. and potash 8 per cent.
To make this, take 1,000 pounds of
acid phosphate (14 per cent), 320
pounds of muriate of potash and 680
pounds of tankage. (9 per cent) to
make a ton.
There has been some talk in the pa-
pers recently to the effect that farmers
could not successfully mix their own
guanos. This is all folly. All you need
is a formula, which the experiment
station in your state or the editor of
your agricultural paper will furnish
you free of charge, for any crop that
may desire. Pile the different ingred-
ients mentioned up in a conical pile
on a tight floor and begin at one side
and shovel the mass over into another
pile. pouring each shovelful on top of
the new pile. Then repeat this process
three or four times, until the mass is
of an even color, and your fertilizer Is
complete.


As I said, sweet potatoes need loose
soil, which will enable their roots to
expand and develop to the best advant-
age, and as many farmers do not have
light, sandy loam in which to plant po-
tatoes, the condition of their clay land
may be improved and the home for the
potato made more comfortable by an
application in the drill, of leaf mould
from the woods. The leaf mould may
be scraped up into piles during wet
weather when there is little doing on
the farm, and had in readiness before-
hand. It can then be hauled when
needed, and spread in the rows, where
it will be found a great help in keeping
the soil loose and increasing the yield
of potatoes.
The potato rows should be laid off
about three feet apart, using the shovel
plow where leaf mould is to be applied,
and the furrow well filled with the
mould. The guano can then -be spread
upon this, lightly stirring it In, and two
furrows thrown on it. The plants
should then be set on this ridge about
two feet apart and somewhat deeper
than they were in the bed.
Care should be taken In drawing the
plants from the bed, not to disturb the
potatoes, and they should be kept damp
until you are ready to set them when
the roots should be wet. We have
adopted the practice of dropping the
plants from a bucket in which the
roots are kept constantly in water. The
dropper keeping just a little in advance
of the person who is setting. In this
way, unless the weather and soil is
very dry, it will not be necessary to
water afterwards.
We cultivate principally with Planet,
Jr., cultivator, using the 10-inch
sweeps, until the vines cover the
ground; after which it will be neces-
sary to go through the patch every
week or so, with a fork and lift up the
vines to prevent them from rooting in
the middles.
There are a great many different va-
rieties of sweet potatoes, and I find
that the same variety is known by dif-
ferent names in different localities.
There are, however, two distinct types,
which find a ready sale in the Southern
market: one of them rather chunky
or round, white variety, while the
other is long and rather symmetrical,
with a yellowish-brown skin and of a
reddish color inside.
The first type is known with us
as the Southern Queen, and is a very
early, vigorous variety, a heavy crop-
per and a good keeper. The latter, we
call the yellow or pumpkin yam. It Is
more tender than the first named and
needs very careful handling. It is also
a good cropper but requires somewhat
richer soil. The demand for this varie-
ty is growing and it is a great favorite
on our market. The bunch yams are
preferred by some growers, there be-
ing no vines to turn, but it is doubtful
if they will ever usurp the place of the
older sorts.
There are also several white and red
varieties which give a large yield on
poor land, but they are coarse in tex-
ture, of por flavor, and have been dis-
carded by us as undesirable.
I shall have something to say about
keeping sweet potatoes at another time,
but at present space forbids.
Let me add in conclusion, that we
have no sweet potato seed for sale.-F.
J. Merriam in Atlanta Journal.
*
Gathering Pecans.
It is gratifying to see what strides
the farmers are making In the progress
of diversifying their crops. The field
for diversification is still large. Texas
is the happy hunting ground for the
pecan, where it reaches greater per-
fection than In any other country in
the world, and brings thousands of dol-
lars into the state and affords employ
ment for both young and old. All
streams of any note afford trees of
value, but of the San Saba we will
only speak. The San Saba river is a
great place for pecans. It empties In-
to the Colorado and all through San
Saba county there are plenty of pecans
of the finest quality. This county
boasts of owning the finest pecans in
tile world. We have been gathering pe-
cans for years, and have taken spec-
ial delight in the work. They begin to


CC nluwiucl usct


open in October. The mode of gather.
ing is as follows: First, a rope ladder
about thirty to fifty feet long, with ce-
dar rounds about eighteen inches long
and the same distance apart. These
rounds have notches sawed in the end
and a simple knot is tied around each
end. and so on until the ladder is com-
pleted. Then a tie or guy rope is fast-
ened to the end to draw through the
fork. But a smaller line must be used
with a weight at the end to throw
over the limb. For flailing the pecans
a pole twelve to fourteen feet long is
used. For rapid work I use a pole about
eight feet long. The gatherer climbs the
tree with the rope around his waist.
But it is to be remembered that every.
Iody can't thrash pecans. A good
thrasher must be a swift mover, with
good balance and bold enough to push
out to the end. When sometimes a tree
is seventy-five to a hundred feet high,
and some even higher, a good thrasher,
early in the season, can put down
from eight to fifteen bushels per day;!
later in the season twice that amount.
A good fiailer receives from $2 to $2.50
per day. The picking is done in small
sacks holding about half a bushel, tied
around the waist the same as a cotton
sack. The idea of an old bucket push-
ed along ahead is the same as a cot.
ton picker pushing a basket along
ahead. A swift picker can gather four
to six bushels per day, but an average
is three. The sack is sitting handy, and
as the nuts are picked they are meas-
ured in, then they are taken to the
wagon and emptied into the body loose.
The larger ones are kept separate.
Girl pickers are always preferred.
They pick more in less time than boys.
Pickers receive twenty-five to thirty
cents per bushel. Miss Jane Brasil a
young lady of this county, picked in
one season one hundred and four bush-
els, averaging five bushels per day.
We have under our observation one
tree of pecans, the nuts from which
burst when they strike the ground.
We have sent, for an experiment, to
Kodonup, West Australia, some pe-
cans by request of F. Clemelicek, and
in return he said they were up and
doing well.
As this is my first letter in the next
I will give the culture, care, distance,
and something on cultivated pecan or-
chards, the kernel worm, the hull
worm, the borer, and such like.
Let all the News readers contribute
to the Farmers' Forum. The farmer
desires the experience of his brother
farmer to help him through this life,
while a man's life is just what he
makes it.-Dallas News.
0 0
Yellow Pine Land Sugar.
In Octoflr, 1899, a plainly dressed,
keen-eyed Virginia planter, whose tal-
ents had made him the chief sugar ex.
pert of Louisiana, William C. Stubbs,
Ph. D., passed through South Georgh









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


and Florida, looking for sugarcane. He bad as when she was subject to the at-
was used to finding it in the heavy, tacks."
black or mahogany soils of the Miss- During the orange season Florida ed-
issippi delta; here he found it in the itors should publish all such items, also
little clearings in the yellow pine lands, short articles on the orange, recipes for
which produce so much other saccha- preparing, etc. Then by editorial
rine in sugary yams and sweet-heart- courtesy get such articles into North-
ed melons. He was amazed at the ern papers. It is safe to say that four
richness of the canes, and he frankly times as much of Florida's peerless
so stated in a letter to an old acquaint- fruit as at present might oe used in
ance, a sugar planter now living in the United States.-L. H. Armstrong in
Florida. Exchange.
D. G. Purse of Savannah, has written e
a valuable book, or rather republish- The Velvet Bean.
ed Dr. Stubbs's work on Sugar Cane, In my letter to you a few weeks
with some historical addenda as to the ago on the velvet bean, etc., I stated
culture of cane in Georgia, Florida and that I would say something of the
South Carolina-a very useful volume picking nd hulling of the beans la-
The comparison between the im- ter.
mense sugar factories and the beaut- The plan with me that has give
ful refined product of Louisiana and he best satisfaction s to have bean
the beggarly, antiquated, wastful meth- picked for ss much per flour barrel.
ods of these other states is discredit- ped fr so uh pr fur barr
The price has thus far run from 15 to
able to contemplate. The progress 20 cents per barrel, owing to how
made by Louisiana, leaving the other plentiful the beans were. If bean
states far behind, can best be account- wee ti o the vines children f
ed for by the tendency of early set- e thick on the vines children from
tiers to seize upon the richest lands ten t twelve years old would gather
first, whether their product is first- which, you see, lives very good wages
class or only second-rate. Thus the for such hands. A flour barrel of
great interior plains of California were beans in hull, If well shaken down,
planted first, but now it is discovered will give, If all the beans are secured
that the less fertile foothill lands pro-
duce bette frlts and wines p in hulling, a bushel or sixty pounds
duce better fruits andof clean beans.
In his preface, Dr. Stubbs, says, of b
speaking of Georgia and Florida: By the means I have thus far been
"Both the soil and climate of this se- able to use I have lost or left in the
"Both the soil and climate of this we o one-fifth to one-fourth of
tion are favorable to the growth of hull from one-fifth to one-fourth of
cane, as was evidenced by the splendid the beans. However, where a party
patches, sometimes increasing to small does his ownth hulling, or retains the
fields or plantations, found everywhere beans left in the hulls would not be

Professor It E. Blouin, acting direc- of any great loss to him. The hulls
tor of the Louisiana Experiment Sta- should be fed to stock or cattle, os
tion, contributed a chapter on the su- used as a fertilizer. I know of a par-
gar content of various canes, which he ty who had beans and hulls ground
summarizes as follows: Louisiana up together and used it on a water-
canes, 12 per cent. sugar; Hawaii, 17; melon patch, and, he claims, with bet-
Cuba, 16; Georgia, 16; Florida, 16. ter results than from best cotton seed
We thank Professor Stubbs, the fore- meal. The hulls are undoubtedly a
most sugar expert of this country, for good fertilizer, even when no beans
that phrase "splendid patches." Flor- are in them. I have seen them seat-
Ida sugar manufacture is dressed in tered over the ground and rank vege-
the garb of a beggar, who has a bag of station followed. Where these hulls
gold coins in his pocket. Our system were thrown the soil was discolored
is not the traditional "forty acres and after several rains, and had the same
a mule;" it is one or two acres with- appearance that follows the applica-
out a mule-one-steer patches. tion of good tobacco stems.
In this state there are thirteen mil- Now, as to cleaning or hulling beans
lion acres of flatwoods, which are most- for commercial purposes I have had
ly choice sugar lands; besides millions poor success. I know of only one ma-
more of hammock and tidewater or chine that has been used in the state
submerged lands that might, be re- for hulling that has given satisfaction.
claimed. Let these, instead of being This machine is made outside of the
subjected to the sporadic "patch" state and sells here from $120 to $150,
planting system, be treated as in Louis- according to size. These prices do not
lana, in large plantations, one year include a 10-horse steam power, which
in plant cane, fertilized with cotton is required to run this huller. The cost
seed ieal, then one or two years in of machine and power is too much for

beans or oowpeas to restore fertility, does not pay to haul the beans to a
and Florida cane and syrup would be- mill more than five miles from home.
come a source of a magnificent revenue I have tried the best Georgia pea-
to the farmers of the state.-Florida huller and find it a failure with the
Farmer & Fruit Grower. velvet beans.
Sr For home use beating on a good


s 4
The Orange Cure. close floor is about the cheapest way
The orange, besides being a luxury of of getting out beans. If the beans In
the highest order, is a health-promoting hull are exposed to the sun for a few
fruit. Half of the good done to inva- hours they will burst open easily
lids and those coming for recuperation when struck with the flail.
is due to their free indulgence In or- I have been in correspondence with
angels. That the Florida cure, climate a good many manufacturers of mas
and oranges, is positive, has been my chinery for the past two seasons, try
firm conviction for years, ing to get some one of them to get up
During my twenty years in Florida a cheap hand or one-horse animal
.many cases have come under my ob- power huller that would do this work,
servation of persons very low, some 1 and at a reasonable cost, so that any
thought hopeless cases. But, thanks to farmer could have a machine and hull
the Florida cure, they all went home his own beans at home at odd times.
renewed in health and the restoration There Is now a good demand for such
has been permanent, a machine and the demand will con-
But while many thousands come and tinue to increase for years for this
take this agreeable cure, many more bean business has come to stay.
would be glad to but cannot. Most of Some practical genius who will gel
the latter, if they only knew it, could up and introduce a complete hullej
get half the benefit and enjoyment of and cleaner, simple in construction and
coming-perhaps an entire cure at moderate in price, will reap a hand,
home-systematically dieting on Flor- some reward for his labors.
ida oranges at a cost not exceeding $10. Now, Mr. Editor, a few seasonabk
Here is a case reported by a North- remarks on horticultural lines, and i
ern "horticultural paper and copied into am through with this letter. The time
the columns of the New York Tribune: for setting out flowers, shrubs, shade
"A young lady had been suffering and fruit trees is now upon us. These
from asthma once or twice a week dur- matters should be attended to without
Ing the winter. She ate five or six delay. Get these plants, etc., into theli
sweet, rich juicy oranges a day for two permanent places before the sap rise
weeks, and has had no return of the in early spring. Much better success
asthma since, now over a month, al- will attend the removal or re-setting ol
though the weather has been fully as all plants if done while they are In i


I







I

1

t
r
I






t
r
s
1
t
I


dormant condition. The indications
now are that we will have an early or
open spring, and a few days of warm
weather will start the sap to flowing.
It any of your many readers have in-
ferior fruit trees, from the queen of all
fruits, the orange, through the whole
list of pears, peaches, plums, grapes,
etc., now is the time to change those
inferior vines into good ones by the
simple process of grafting.
Graft as near, or into, the ground if
possible. No specially prepared or
costly wax preparation is required in
nost cases. Clay or common soil gen-
erally answers every purpose in cov-
ering the grafts. Prune all grape
vines-scuppernong family, as well as
the bunch grapes. For the past ten
years I have pruned annually the mus.
cadine type, white scuppernong, flow-
er, Thomas and James, contrary to all
catalogued advices and heretofore ac.
cepted theories, and under this treat-
ment the vines have given most satis.
factory results.--. L. Carney in Oca.
la Banner.


4 .
The South Can Baes Cheap Xeat.
Grass is the foundation for the live-
stock industries. Grass, nutritious,
cheap and ever present, is forthcom-
ing in the south at the bidding of the
well-informed farmer. To counterbal-
ance this advantage there are no pecu-
liar obstacles in the south, save those
that yield when opposed by enterprise,
industry and knowledge.
Hay produced at low cost and pas-
turage during ten, eleven or twelve
months in the year are not our sole
advantages in cattle-raising. In out
cottonseed we have one of the cheap-
est of food stuffs, and one of which
Professor Henry says: "No grain
raised at the north equals it, pound fop
pound, for beef production." Cotton-
seed meal, which is cheaper in the
south than anywhere else, Is recog-
nized as the most nutritious and con-
centrated of food stuffs, and is so high-
ly prized that the British farmer and
the Danish dairyman find it profitable
to purchase it here and freight It thou-
sands of miles. We are learning the
lesson which this fact teaches, and in
time will keep most of this valuable
material at home to serve the double
purpose of fattening both cattle and
fields.
At the Arkansas station (Bulletin No.
58) beeves were fattened during Octo-
ber and November at a cost of only one
and six-tenths cents per pound gross,
this including the cost of the cottonseed
fed and the cost of cowpeas grown be-
tween the corn rows and grazed off by
steers after the corn was harvested.
The opportunities of the southern
farmer for producing at a profit butter,
wool, mutton, mules, horses and hogs
are equally as favorable as for grow-
ing first-class beef cattle. The hog
thrives in the field of peanuts, cow-
peas, sweet potatoes, chufas, sorghum,
alfalfa and vetch as well as near the
corn-crib. There is no law save that
of custom, that the hog must live on
corn alone. However, we can grow corn
to advantage, as witness the average
of sixty-four bushels of corn per acre
on the farm of the Mississippi Agricul-
tural and Mechanical College. Messrs.
Singleton and Caffee,. both of Collin
county, Texas, place the cost of pork
production there under favorable con-
ditions at two cents per pound live
weight.
Several hog breeders in Louisiana
have found the cost there to be be-
tween two and three cents per pound,
Sheep thrive throughout the south, In
spite of the occasional unpleasantness
with dogs, and are more nearly free
from serious parasitic diseases than
further north. It Is a common saying
among those who provide no winter
pasturage, but rely on wintering their
sheep on cotton seed, that the wool
pays the expense of maintaining the
flock, and that the lambs are clear prof-
it. For the production of early lambs
the south is especially adapted. Lambs
ready for market In February and
March at the age of two to three
months can be produced with a mini-
mum expenditure for barn room and
for feed of the dam.
Every kind of poultry is at home In


Built
best,
work best, are
best; with every
test they
prove the
best. The
McCor-
mick light-draft *
Binder is the binder
by which the
merits of

all other
binders
are


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


points
a b ch
it leadsall
other makes
are great
capacity, sim-
plicity, dura-
bility, and
light draft. The
McCormick Binder
gets all the
grain.
The McCormick
light-draft Mow-
ersare the clean-
est cutting, farth-
est going mowers.
Other mowers
are built to look
like the McCor-
mick, but they
do not work
like the Mc-
Co rmick.
The McCor-
mickMow-
ers get all
the grass.
The McCormick light-draft Hay Rake
is everything that a farmer can ask for
in a rake. It is neat, it is strong, it is the
rake you want. The McCormick light-
draft "Daisy" Reaper is the best reaper
you can put on your farm. The McCor-
mick light-draft Corn Binder is the only
truly successful corn binder. It is stif,
it is strong and it binds the corn as it
stands, which is the only successful
way-this way is our patent. The McCor-
mick Corn Huskerand Fodder Shredder
is a medium sized machine with large
capacity. It is a little giant. Many buy
it for job work. It is the surest money-
making shredder on the market. The
McCormick Twine is spun by the moat
modem machinery and passes the moat
rigid inspection. McCormick light-draft
Header is the very best ever put intothe
field; instead of six horses you only need
four with this machine. McCormick
Knife and Tool Grinder isa great advan-
tage to every farmer. A sharp knife
saves draft. It is quickly changed to a
general tool grinder.
The elermiek earvesitg Marbin Co., teae
=a. the r-t" h then raet ards,


WRITE FOR CATALOGUE

the south, and the inexpensiveness of
our poultry-houses, as well as the con-
tinuous supply of green food, consti-
tute important factors in the economi-
cal production of eggs and market
fowls. Indeed, all branches of live-
stock afford large profits in the south.
The young man of limited means Is
especially pointed to the comparative-
ly small Initial outlay and to the quick
returns in the raising of poultry, sheep
and hogs.-Southern Farm Magazine.
e *
Peach Culture.
In an article entitled 'The Essentials
of Peach Culture,' in a recent number
of the "Rural New-Yorker," Mr. J. H.
Hale says A warm, light, loamy soil
is best, yet about any except a stiff
clay will answer if other things are
right. ... When ready to plant trees,
get big ones. I have planted nearly
400,000 peach-trees In orchards the
past twenty years nearly all June











THE FLORIDA AGRICUT .IST.


budded, or else light to medium-sized
trees, with occasional lots of heavy No.
1, or extra-sised, trees. I have fooled
myself with good medium three-foot
trees long enough; from now on give
me the big ones; five to six feet high
and three-quarter-inch caliper will lay
foundation of a-better orchard than
any smaller size. I really care nothing
about the top, so long as you can get
a heavy root send strong cane fifteen
or eighteen inches up; you will cut
away the rest anyhow and so be In
shape to build any sort of top you may
-. .Don't plant any e'atch crops' In a
young orchard; you'll catch it if you
do. Plant horse and mule legs in
plenty, up and down and across, be-
tween the peach trees, their hoof-prints
will do no harm if harrows and cul-
tivators follow close behind at least
once a week; for the three best grow-
ing months of May, June and July In
this latitude allow twelve of fifteen
good cultures, and If you throw in a
few more for good luck the tree will
smile on you for it.
"The first two years, after a month
or six weeks of thorough culture, seed
to cowpeas over two-thirds of the
space between the rows of trees, leav-
ing space enough for good single horse
culture up and down each side of the
trees for two months more. Leaving
the'pea-vines on the ground as a win-
ter mulch will be less loss than to
plow them under, and so have bare
ground all winter. After two years
peas in an orchard the tree-roots
should reach out through the whole
orchard, and -should have the whole
ran of it to feed and drink upon dur-
hin the rapid growing' months, when
the flveliet- culture is being given. It
culture has been what it ought from
opening ot spring down to the last of
July or early August trees will be
growing so rapidly that they can't well
stop before fall, and the whole ground
should be seeded to cloverr at the last
cultivation. I consider fifteen to twen-
ty pounds of seed an acre little
enough for a thick clover carpet over
the ground through the fall and winter
and is a great protection to peach tree
roots. Plow this clover under early in
the. spring; don't fool yourself into let-
ting it grow a few weeks into spring,
so as 'to have lots of stuff to plow
under. Six weeks of the best peach sea-
son's growth can easily be checked by
allowing the clover to grow two or
three weeks after it is time to spring-
plow the orchard. The time to begin
spring culture in a peach orchard is
Just as soon as the soil can be easily
worked after frost is out.
"As to pruning, a light, open head Is
what sl wanted; don't shorten in too
much of first year's growth. The sec-
ond year shorten pretty liberally all the
strongest branches, and let thie side
branches spread so as to make a broad
low head. After the second year cut
away most of the strong leaders en-
tirely every season; if in any instance
It seems best not to cut one entirely
away, never cut it back to a dormant
bud, but always to some side branches;
these will slowly take on growth and
great fruiting strength and check the
uppet tendency of growth that is
sure to follow the cutting back of a
strong peach limb to a dormant bud.
Don't bother much with the little side
branches, high or low, that will never
make leaders. Most pruners like to
slick up the trunk and main branches
of a peach tree by cutting these away.
It is a fruiting mistake to do this;
pruning a peach tree as here suggested
should give three-fourths of the fruit
near enough to the ground so that it
can be gathered without the use of
step-ladders. Learn to know yellows in
a tree at sight a year or two before It
hangs out its sign with 'pennyroyal
sprouts' or prematurely high colored
fruit Promptly pull and burn all yel-
lows-infested trees, no matter what
other job you may have on hand; at-
tend to the yellows first. Feeding; as
growth or lack of it seems to demand,
fruit-thinning, picking, packing and
marketing, and perhaps at times spray-
ing when the trees are dormant, all
require close attention; yet the points
I have touched are the foundation to
build a successful peach orchard upon."


A FAMOUS MUSICIAN


Cured of Catarrh and La Grippe by

Peruna.


:-'

















HENRY DISTIN, OF PHILADELPHIA.
Henry Distin, the inventor and maker of all the band instruments for the
Henry Distin Manufacturing Co., at Williamsport, Pa, is probably the most
active old man in Philadelphia today. He and his wife recently celebrated the
fiftieth anniversary of their marriage, at their home, on South Ninth street. Mr.
Distin comes from one of the most famous musical families of the old world, his
father and grandfather before him, as well as himself, having played at most all
the royal courts of England and the continent.
1441 South Ninth Street, Philadelphia, Pa., May 6. 1899.
Dr. S. B. Hartan :
Dear Sir I write to inform you that I had a had attack of an grippe last De-
cember which lasted more than three months, and which left me with catarrh,
and several of my friends advised me to try your wonderful mnediie, Peruaa.
I began with a bottle the first week In March and t certainly did me a great
dea of good. I was so well satisfied that I purchased another bottle and fol-
lowed your directions, which you furnish with every bottle, and I am glad to
say that It has cured me. I shall certainly recommend the Peruna to all my
friends Your, vey truly, Hemny DLt.


Improving Strawberry Varieties by yonng plants from running along and
Selection. mixing with tile others.-0. W. Black-
While the following will apply to "ill ili iarier and Fruit Grower.
fruits of all kinds, it is especially ef- *
fective with regard to the strawberry. Some Tricks in the Seed Business.
There is no other fruit so susceptible "There are tricks in all trades but
to iml)rovement and none so variable ours" cannot be said by the seedsman.
and liable to run down under neglect. If there is any business in which trick-
To improve them one should follow cry can be practiced it is ours, and
the course pursued by successful breed- unlike most any other trickery it is
ers of fine stock and poultry-breed up seldom discovered by one the imposed
by selecting the most perfect individ. upn. The farmer is entirely at the
uals to raise from. Just before the ber- mercy of the seedsman, as he cannot
ries ripen, go yourself over the best tell what he is buying. Of course, he
rows of each variety and carefully se. :an tell a pea from a bean, or a beet
lect young plants conspicuous for vigor seed from a lettuce seed, but few can
earliness (if earliness is of value to tell a cucumber seed from that of a
you), productiveness and general ex- c.anteloupe, or a cabbage seed from
cellence and symmetry of fruit. Pull turnip. But still he does not know
all fruit and blooms from these plants what variety he is getting, or whether
at once. Then with a garden trowel it has ,bee mixed with old seed or
remove as large a clod as practicable adulterated with other seed.
containing the plant, and set in rich Not lmany seedsmen will sell seed
soil well prepared, each variety sep- that will not germinate, or that is un-
arate, of course. From these, well cul- true to name. or that is mixed with
tivated, raise plants to set your young other varieties. He says honesty is the
fields the coming year, and from the Ist iolicy. and as Ile wants to hold
fields thus set again likewise set the his trade. he sells seed that will come
Iest, and so on forever. up and prove true to name. Still he
The good effects of this plan will wants to sell a little cheaper than his
soon be manifested. It cannot change competitor, that he may draw the
bad varieties into good ones, but It will trade and make more money. How
surely make good varieties better. Hat- can he do this seemingly impossible
ing tested it ofr years, I can speak thing? He does it by adulteration, and
from experience. here is where his ingenuity and trick-
When it is not practicable to remove ery comes in. Of course, the principal
the selected plants they can be marked way of adulteration is to mix old seed
with stakes and left in the fields; but with new. Onion seed loses its vitality
great care will be required to keep the in one year. The dealer has fifty


As soon as any one is attacked with
'I grippe Peruna should be taken every
two hours during the day-adults a
tablespoonful, children a teaspooaful.
But it is the after-effects of la grippe
which are generally the most serious
unless Perana is taken. In all eases
where Peruna is taken as above during
the acute stage the recovery is prompt
and complete; but where the ordinary
treatment is followed the patient will
cor plainfor weeks and monthao wek-
ness, slight headache, want of appetite,
and many other symptoms of low vi-
tality. Such people should begin at
once the use of Peruna-a tablespoonful
before each meal, gradually increasing
the dose to two tablespoonfuls.
Mrs. Theophile Schmitt, wife of th
Ex-Secretary of the German consulate,
writes the following letter to Dr. Bart.
man in regard to Peruna :
8417 WABASH, Avr., CmxOAoo, IL .,
The Peruna Medicine Co.,Columbus,O.
Gentlemen-" I suffered this winter
with a severe attack of Ia grippe, and
having repeat-
edly heard of
the value of Pe-
rnuna in such
cases, I thought
I would try it.
I used it faith-
fully, and began
to feel a change
for the better
the second day,
and in the
course of a week
I was very Mrs. chmltt.
muchimproved.
After using three bottles I not only
found the la grippe had disappeared,
but my general health was much better.
I am satisfied that Peruna is a wonder-
ful family remedy, and gladly endorse
it." Yours, Mrs. Theophile Schmitt.
La grippe is epidemic catarrh. Peru-
nacurescatarrh whereverloaeted. Send
for a free copy of "Winter Catarrh."
This book contains a lecture by Dr
Hartman on la grippe, which has at-
tracted wide attention. Address Dr.
Hartman, Columbus, Ohio.


pounds of White Pearl left over from
last season. It is worthless, and should
Ie thrown away. But Pearl onion seed
is worth $2 a pound, and that would be
like throwing away $100. He cannot
afford to lose that much on one Item,
so he buys one hundred pounds of
Pearl onion seed from a reliable firm,
finds from testing it that 90 per cent.
will germinate. so he fixes his fifty
pounds of worthless seed with the
good and has 150 pounds of seed, sixty
per cent. of which will grow. The
farmer buys a pound of this Pearl on-
ion seed. he gets what he thinks ls 4,
fair stand, they prove to be Pearls and
so the farmer is none the wiser. The
dishonest seedsman has made $100
more than his honest competitor
who so'd 1 50 pounds of pure Pearl. If,
however, trade is dull and the dishon-
est seeds'man thinks he is not getting
his share, he cuts the price to $1.75 per
poIIId,. alln thus gets rid of his seed
aIt a better profit than his honest neigh-
IH)r. What is done with onions can be
lone with nearly every other seed. But
it frequently happens that there are
no old seeds to mix with the new, but
something of the same or similar ap-
pearance can be used. Cauliflower
seed is worth $50 per pound, cabbage
$1 to $3, turnip 30 cents to 60 cents,
rape 5 cents per pound, and yet all
these seeds look alike. Jersey Wake-
field cabbage for instance is very
scarce this season-only twenty per
cent of a crop-and hence it is worth
$3 to $3.50 per pound. Mr. X, the dis-


I







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 101


honest seedman, needs 35 pounds for profitable one ,more care was ob- a good start, they will give the best
his trade. Instead of paying $105 for it served in choofi Roperer soil and melons.
he buys twenty pounds for $00 and applying the pFr: tlizers along; After-cultivation consists of keeping
fifteen pounds of rape for seventy-five with the proper treatment of the crop the land clean of weeds or grass. The
cents, mixes it together and has thirty. during the growing period. Watermel- weeder is an excellent tool to use in the
five pounds for $60.75, thus saving ons do best on light, sandy loam soil, earlier stages, and then sweeps or the
$44.25. But if the rape comes up the and in proper rotation -hould follow a cultivator; when the vines cover the
fraud will be discovered and he will hoed crop where the land was kept ground further cultivation should
lose his trade, so he bakes the fifteen in good tilth for the previous crop. One cease.
pounds of rape seed in the oven till the of the main points to be observed is to If any vines appear to be overbearing
germ is destroyed, and then mixes it have the land thoroughly well plowed pinch off the extra ones; three or four
with the cabbage seed and no one is a considerable time previous to plant- melons to every vine is enough, par-
the wiser. ing time, so that all vegetable matter ticularly if large melons are wanted.
Another illustration: Bermuda seed plowed under will have time to get The vines have many enemies, which
is worth from $1 to $1.25 per pound. thoroughly incorporated In the soil. are yearly on the increase. Tobacco
Timothy about five cents. They are Early in January the first preparation dust, applied when the dew is still on,
both exactly alike and can be easily for the crop should be under way, is about the most effective; where lice
mixed. Two seedsmen ii; a Texas city and if there is any old rotten stable take possession of a hill, a thin spray-
were selling Bermuda seed very cheap. manure around it should be hauled ing of pure kerosene is really the only
Not knowing it to be a fact, but of onto the land and plowed under, after effective way t5 get rid of them; it
course being suspicious. I asked one of scattering it broadcast. Land that has may kill a few leaves, but seldom kills
them why it was he mixed Timothy been lying idle for a year or more the vine entirely.-C. K. M1uuarrie in
seed with his Bermuda. He at once makes the best of all lands for the Exchange.
replied that the other seedman did it crop, and all decayed weeds and rub.
and he had to in order to meet his bish.'if plowed under, add to the fertil- The 'Farmer Who Thinka.
price. Now, why is It that the seeds- ity of'the soil. and make it responsive e farmer who s thinking of buy.
man who buys his seed cannot be im- to judicious fertilizing at the proper ing a hinder will, if he is wise, reflect
posed upon just as the farmer ts who time. ilpo the importance of buying the
buys his seed from the merchant? My favorite mode of preparation for best. The experience of money making
There are two reasons. The first is, he a watermelon crop is to give the land agriculturists is that it pays to invest
buys from only the most reliable grow- the first plowing early in January, leave. in the best. There are always second
ers. He will not buy from the cheap ing it thus for three or four weeks, and and third grades which a man can buy
men who have no standing; and sec- early in February work the furrows for less money, but they are far the
end, he can quickly test the seed on ar- so as to thoroughly break up and pul- most expensive when at work in the
rival and know for himself what the verize the soil, and then, just imme- field. The McCormick Harvesting Ma-
vitality of each is. If it tests ninety or diately after, apply about six to eight chine Comlany, of Chicago, has been
ninety-five per cent he knows it is hundred pounds per acre of a high- making lhrvesting machinery for 70
pure, but if only fifty, sixty, or seventy grade fertilizer. Broadcast it. and years, and for 1901 offer to the farmer
per cent comes he knows it is not work into the soil by means of the the McCormick Binder, a binder which
pure, and sends it back to the grower sate tool. It is very essential that is mechanically perfect. The same may
at once. the fertilizer be applied to the freshly
It is hardly necessary to moralize on turned-up soil. because it does best ap- .
this kind of practice. If a man openly plied in that way. Fertilizers applied* .
holds you up on the road and relieves to land with a crust on it from previous 1 b
you of your money, he is a robber; If rains are not as effective as when ap-
he sneaks into your house and takes plied on freshly turned soil. -
your money, he is a thief, but if after Within a week or so of planting time
you have placed confidence in a man, the laltnd should be laid off in checks= Io
and he under the guise of honesty of eight or ten feet each way; if for
takes your money, and you perhaps a large variety of melons, such as Tri-
know nothing of it, we have no word umph and Guy Monarch, ten feet each 0 1
strong enough to describe him.-Texas way is necessary; if for a smaller va-
Farm and Ranch. riety. such as Hungarian Honey, for YO have
Home Prodction. instance, eight feet is far enough apart. u h e u d all
Home Production. These chcks should Ib made with an ugh
A St. Johns river sugar grower who Tordihly sull-thonulde ow and where sorts f COug reme-
has established a reputation for mak. t furr u ths dies but it does not
ing A No. 1, Florida sugar cane syrup fertilizer as used Iefore should be scat- e but it does not
says he has orders for ten car loads of termed about four feet each way in the
Florida syrup such as he has manu- furrow. Three ordinary handfuls of yield; it is too deep
fractured. i counercial fertilizer make pound,
There It is In a nut shell. There is and this is a good measure always to seated. It may wear
always room at the top of the ladder go* by. If tihe furrows aire eight by e
and the demand for No. 1 Florida eight it will take nearly seven hun- t f t time b
syrup is unlimited. It is the mediocre id ,ounds r acre to serve themtime, but
half made article in man or syrup that tius: if ten by ten. four hundred and ~it i more liable to
is not in demand. It was found so in fifty pounds will do it. This. added to more a
Florida oranges. -The best, properly the amount previously broadcasted, uce
plucked. packed, shipped and market- ill ke the land frly produce la gripped,
ed. were always in demand at paying lized, and if conditions are favorable nna
prices. It is not how much of an article ani the crop gets proper attention it EpnCUmOnia or a sn-
you produce, but how good an article should yield profitable results
and how it is handled.. OUS throat affection
So it is with Florida beef. If the llere let me add a word of caution tn.
cattle are properly fattened there is ias to the quality of the fertilizer to YOU need something
no beef superior to it and it is as much be applied. A high-grade fertilizer Yu need ing
superior to the refrigerated or embalm- may Ibe applied that will not suit .the that will giV yo
ed beef of the west, as a tender, juicy rop. he'ause there is not another crop e
Florida orange is to the sour, tough r- grown on the Sonthern farm that is stren th and build
ange of Sicily or Italy. Well fattened more fastidious as to plant food than re l d build '
Florida beef is wholesome, tender, the watermelon. Too much nitrogen te body
juicy and delicious, and with an excel- will make a large soft, spongy melon of up th y.
lent flavor. Western beef may be tender poor flavor and a bad shipper; too
but refrigeration and treatment rob it much phosphoric acid may give a good 2 STT
of its juices and flavor and leave a l"elon, las far as appearances go, but
product unfit to compete with the it will he of a poor quality generally,
wholesome healthful meat of home pro- and not at all sweet, whereas the prop-
duction. erly balanced fertilizer will give a good
Florida can and should produce all solid melon, sweet and crisp and alto- V U S I
its meats for home consumption and getler a superior article. The fertill-
many cattle for export. With its many zer that suits the watermelon best will do this when everything
climate and pasture lands and its ca- should analyze 3 per cent. nitrogen, 8
paelty to produce velvet beans and cas- lwr cent. phosphoric acid, and 8 per eCIS fail. Thee is no doubt
sava it should become one of the best 'ent. potash. After applying the fer- about it It nourishes,
cattle producing states in the union tilizer in the furrows at the checks, a
and leave no cause for the importation weeder or harrow should be run the StrengthenS, build up aud
of a pound of beef, mutton or pork. The same way as the furrows run, so as to makes the body strong nd
dealers in meats should be made to er up this fertilizer, but not to o hlhy, not only to throw
feel that Florida meat s preferred to literte the check-marks entirely. A
the foreign on account of its flavor week or ten days should elapse before I Off thi hard cough, but to
and wholesomeness, for good stall-fed planting the seed. to allow the fertll- fortify the system against
beef can be had for our markets such zer to get well incorporated with the rrattc yo s
as is produced at Enterprise, Hast- soil; when ready to plant, put five or urthr ata yt ar
Wings and other points.-Halifax Jour- more seeds in a hill, putting them run down or emaciated you
naL a bout an inch deep, and tramp the soil should certainly talk ti
solid on them with your feet. After take aMvC
Watermelon Culture. tile plants come up. thin to three in one nourishing food medicine.
The watermelon crop is a very im- hill: if there are any bllaks, the extra c. and .o, al druggists.
portant one all throughout the South- ones in some hills can be safely trans- SCOTT BOWNE, Cbemists New York
ern States, and it could be made a very planted to these blanks, and if they get- *


be said with regard to McCormick
Mowers and McCormick Rakes. The
machines which lead in design, con-
struction, light draft, and in working
ability are certainly well worth the
buying farmer's closest inspection.






IN EVERY CLIME
TsrTIFY TO THE SUPERIORITY OF

HENDERSON'S SEEDS
Our 9go1 Catalogue of
Everything'L. Garden
Is a ISpae eek, 9x11 aches, caa mag
eer m e gMrdvla ad S -cup edbmil
Itsof VegetablesandFlowers-aperfect
mine of information on garden topics.
To give our Catalogue the laargponsafia i
Wibuon. we make the following I .oser:
Every Empty Envelope
Counts as Casi.
To every one who will state where this
advertisement was seen,and who incloses
us 0 Ceats (in stamps), we will mail the
Catalogue, and also send, free o cirpg
our famous 1S-ccdt Qardim" CeMHlec
of seeds, containing one packet each of
Jabiee Phlox, Oiat Vietori Astr. iant ha qm
Pansy. Pink Plume lasry, Mignonette Lettae,
and Loriardl Tomato, in a rd emalpe,
which when emptied and returned will be
acce eld a 25ceat carh payst on any
order of goods selected from Catalogs
to the amount of $.oo and upward.


85 7 Cotwandt Srt. Now Yorl


W. E. FRENCH,
VETERI NARIAN,
WVill Treat all Diseases or uomestlcat-
ed Animals.
SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
A Specialty.


IAYTONA.


FLORIDA.


"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
SO and Lawn, Palms,
f S'. Bamboos, Conifers,
erns, Economic and
Wy~a ^ruiit-bearing trees,
S B quatics, and all
g sorts of Decorative
Stock, for Northern
E House Culture as
u well as the South.
Rare Tropical Plants, East and Wet
Indian and other Exotic Plants. Send
for splendid illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
"white flies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bros.
Oneco, Fla.




POSITIONS &*ARANTED.
Under .4000 Cash DepOelk

.- -- SmeameNs
raseD


H. C. HAR aCO,
GENERAL AGENTS,
216 W. FoAsyth St., bet. Hogan and Julia. Jack-
sonville, Fla.
Manchester Fire Insurance Co., Norwich Union
Fire Insurance Society, American Fire Insurance
Co., of N. Y., Indemnity Fire Insurane Co., The
Traders' Insurance Co. of Chicago.
AGENTS IN ALL THE PRINCIPAL TOWNS IN
FLORIDA.

Western Poultry Farm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25e.
It tells how to. make poultry radsin
profitable. It Is up to date. 24 pages
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice kill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Alnunum leg
bands for poultry. 1 dos., M cta; 5 for
cta: 60 for 6U cta; 100 for IL








IOU THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


nraU.LLLau DWPAiT~MNT.
All communications or aeias for this de-
partment should be admd to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Fertiltser Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.

Answers to Correspondents.
Editor Fertilizer Department:
My oranges this year Instead of
being smooth skin are rough; the same
as they are on young trees. I have been
told not to apply any fertilizer this
spring. What do you think I should do?
0. N. P.
Georgiana.
Without knowing more about your
method of cultivatoin during the
past season, the quantity of fertilizer
and the number of oranges pro.
duced, we can only guess at your
trouble. In all probability you have
cultivated your trees too much for
smooth skinned fruit during a season
with as much rain as we had last year.
With the amount of ammonia in the
fertilizer you have applied and the
amount that has been developed in the
soil with your cultivation, and that
which has been brought down by the
abundance of rain it has been in ex-
cess of what the trees really required.
Our advice would be to continue fertil-
ising but to discontinue cultivation.

Editor Fertilizer Department:
When is the best time to apply Bor-
deaux mixture to orange trees for
scab, and when to apply Bordeaux
mixture with Paris green to peach
trees to kill curcullo? A California pa-
per says two or three weeks before
buds open for orange trees and when
hr full bloom for peach trees. Do you
agree?
C. B. T.
Orlando.
For scab on the orange trees the
Bordeaux mixture should be applied
Just before the new growth starts out,
and it would be well to repeat the ap-
plication in about three weeks time.
We can see no reason for applying Bor-
deaux mixture with paris green on
your peach trees as the Bordeaux
mixture is not an insecticide but a
germicide. Spray your peach trees at
the time they are in bloom with Paris
green and water in the proportion of
three ounces of Paris green to fifty
gallons of water.
The habit of the curcullo is to feed
on the young growth and blossoms of
the peach tree until the fruit is well
set. They then deposit their eggs in the
young fruit. These eggs hatch into
little grubs that feed on the young
fruit which finally drops to the ground.
The grub then enters the soil and com-
pletes its transformation to the pupae.


According to observations made by
the Wisconsin Experiment Station, 501
tons of water are required to produce
one ton of dry matter in the form of
oats and 401 tons to produce a ton of
dry matter in the form of barley. Hell-
riegel found in Prussia, which has a
moister atmosphere than Wisconsin,
that it requires 376 tons of water to
produce a ton of oats and 310 tons to
produce a ton of barley. If we express
these amounts in inches of water.
covering the surface of the field (sup-
posing that no water is already in the
soil.) the oats demand a precipitation
of 15.6 inches to make a crop and the
barley 10.5 inches.
Scientific writers on agriculture tell
us of the function of broken capillar-
ity in retaining moisture in the soil,
this broken capillarity being main-
tained by frequent cultivation of the
surface, creating what is called "dust
mulch." In a drouth there is a con.
stant ascent of moisture from the
depths of the soil. by capillarity at-
traction to the surface, whence it es-
capes in evaporation and is dissipated
into the atmosphere. If the surface Is
left solid, each particle of the earth
lying close to its neighbor, the moist-
ure readily passes from one to the
other and reaches the surface; but if
the particles are kept separated by
frequent shallow cultivation, the evap-
oration of the subsoil water is retard-
ed.
An experiment conducted at the
Wisconsin station demonstrated the
fact very clearly. Five strips of land
1.30 feet long and twelve feet wide
were plowed in the spring, harrowed
and two of them lying between the
other three were rolled to firm the sur-
face. The unrolled strips were cultivat-
ed at frequent intervals during the
summer, between May 14th and July
13th. keeping them free from weeds
so that there should be no loss of
moisture from any cause except sur-
face evaporation, while the uncultl-
rated strips were kept free from
weeds by shaving them off with a
sharp hoe close to the surface. An ex-
amination of the two soils under the
two kinds of surface treatment after
the expiration of forty-nine days show-
ed that the cultivated soil contained
in the upper six feet at the rate of
8.84 pounds more water to the square
foot of surface than did the unculti-
vated ground lying beside it. This dif-
ference in water content is equivalent
to a rainfall of 1.7 Inches and amounts


The spray should be repeated once a to 192.5 tons of water per acre, or suf-


week for three or four weeks. Another
method of capturing curculio is to Jar
the tree, under which a sheet or can-
vas is spread. The beetles are then
gathered and put into a Jar containing
coal oil. or otherwise disposed of. This
plan repeated several times early in
the morning when the air is chilly will
get the most of these troublesome
bugs.

Importance of Water.
It is water which conveys in solution
the food of plants to their rootlets; and
without water all the natural richness
of the soil and all the applied fertility
would be useless; every plant would
hopelessly wither and perish. All agri-
culturists are aware of this fact in a
general way, but there are very few
who have any active realization of
its Importance or any just conception
of the enormous amount of water
needed by vegetation in its growth.


flcient to increase the yield of corn
per acre by 1.277 pounds of dry matter,
or fourteen per cent on an average
yield.
Such facts as these and others very
similar long since convinced us that
deep plowing, enabling the roots to
run down in search of moisture, and
constant shallow tillage will obviate
the necessity for Irrigation in the se-
verest drouths Florida ever experl-
ences.

Bobbery of the Soil.
Probably the greatest economic and
social problem that ever presented it-
self to man Is looming along the hori-
zon, viz.: the proper fertilization of the
soil. Population is pressing upon the
wheat lands, and cries of alarm have
been raised of recent years by the high
authorities as to the world's ability to
raise its own wheat supply. The world
is moving with enormous speed. Ne-
cessities are multiplying beyond the
dreams of those who lived a century


ago. For ages the people have lived on
what they could pick up. Vege-
tables and fruits predominated as diet,
and wild animals provided man with
a portion of his food, but grain now
performs a prominent part in the feed-
ing of the people of all countries. The
tilling of the soil, from being incidental
employment to patch out subsistence,
has become the reliance of all civilized
and half civilized people, as measured
by our standard. An industrial era
has been born that involves the entire
transformation of society.
This is the problem in hand. The
cultivation of the soil has become
more a necessity, or rather better stat-
ed, the exhaustion of the soil under the
pretence of cultivating It has become
a necessity. Our agricultural system
has simply consisted in drawing on na-
ture's principal and forgetting to re-
pay the interest in the shape of re-
storing fertilizers.
Let us turn for a few moments to
some recently gathered statistics bear-
ing on this mighty problem and learn,
if we can, what it means for us who
stand for the whole fertilizing inter-
ests. The army of bread eaters Is
growing enormously. All wheat-
growing countries, under the impulse
of demand, have started in like a gang
of ruthless highwaymen to rob the soil
of its wealth, choke it into Droductive
Insensibility, and then haul up their
flags and show to the world what In-
dustrious farmers they are.
The chief point is that the prospec-
tive great demand for wheat during the
next decade threatens to exhaust a
large area of cereal land. The product
for the world, for the past three years,
was. respectively, 309,563.000 quarters
for 1900; 331.000,000 for 1899, and 357,-
000,000 for 1898. During the first four
years of this decade there was an in-
crease in the United States, above the
average yields, of 370,000,000 bushels.
The product from the world's wheat
during the first four years of the pres-
ent decade was 600,000,000 bushels
above the average of the fourteen years
ending with 1894. During the past
four years the average annual produce.
tion was 320.100.000 quarters against
309.563.000 average for the first four
years of the decade, being an annual
increase of 164,000,000.
Estimating a yearly increase of 5,-
000.000 bread eaters of European blood
calling for an annual increase of 25,-
000.00( bushels of wheat, there must
be, at the close of the next decade, an
Increased annual supply of 25,000,000
bushels. The average yield of the past
four years is 86,000,000 below this es-
timate, or as compared to the wheat
production of 1891 there is a shortage
in the world's crop of 160,000,000 bush-
els, all of which simply points to two
facts, which are. that the wheat area
must be expanded, and the present
wheat-producing area must be driven
harder.
The time will come when all this will
be changed, and when tillers of the
soil will feed their land as carefully
as they feed their stock. They ought
to do so now, but they pay their ferti-
lizer bills with a wry face and men-
tally resolve to give their land less the
succeeding year.
There will be a grand round-uo to
this land-cheating, soil-robbing policy
before many years. Nature can not be
robbed. The pressure will become In-
tense. Every acre will be called upon
to do its best. There is but one way
to do that, which is to feed each acre,
to pay back what is taken out of it, to
put into it the elements removed each
year.
Nature is constantly fertilizing the
soil on her own account, and in her
own way. but she needs and demands
aid, and that aid must be forthcoming
through the liberal and scientific use of
fertilizers.-Ex.
a
"Mandy," said the old gentleman, "I
am afraid that boy of ours is going' to
be a poet."
"He ain't writ nothing' has he?" asked
the old lady, in alarm.
"No. he ain't writ nothing' yet, but I
notice he is doin' less an' less work ev-
ery day, an' doing' it carelesaer."-In-
dianapolis Press.


hommanda Have Kidney ?te mmb
and Don't Know it.
How To rimn Out.
Pil a bottle or common glass with your
water and let it stand twenty-four hours; a
sediment or set-
tling indicates an
Unhealthy condi-
tion of the kid-
neys; if it stale
your linen it is
evidence of Ld-
ney trouble; too
frequent desire to
pa. it or p.n In
t"o-- the back is.also
convincing proof that the kidnys and blad-
der are out of order.
What to Do.
There fj comfort in the knowledge as
often expressed, that Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-
Root, the great kidney remedy fulfills every
wish in curing rheumatism, pain in the
back, kidneys, liver, bladder and every part
of the urinary passge. It corrects Inability
to hold water and scalding pain n passing
it, or bad effects following use of liquor,
wineor ber, and overcomes that unpleasant
necessity of being compelled to go often
during the day, and to get up many times
during the night. The mild and the extr-
ordinary effect of Swamp-Root is soon
realized. It stands the highest for its won-
derful cures of the most distressing cass.
If you need a medicine you should have the
best. Sold by druggists in 50c. and$. sizes.
You may have a sample bottle of thin
wonderful discovery
and a book that tel
more about it, both sent
absolutely free by mail
address Dr. Kilmer & Hm at wts.
Co., Binghamton. N.Y. When writing men-
ton reading this generous offer in this paper.


THE "COMMON SENSE"
ORANGE SIZER AND GRADER.

Capest ad Best Siser O te-Market.

Over 1,400 in use in Florida, Cali-
fornia, Jamaica, and in the large com-
mission houses of New York, Boston,
I'hiladelphia, and other points.
Orange sizer, Combined
without hop- grapefruit &;
per only $6. orange szers,
With hopper, 4 without hop-
$8.50. I pd pers, $8.00.
Same w th
aI -Sx.. hopper $10.50.


Brights and Russets can be sized
and graded at the same time. Capacity
of $8.50 machine. 500 boxes per day.
Capacity of $6.00 machine, 200 boxes.
Send for Circular.
J. T. CAIRNS, - DeLand, Fla.


Well Digging Outfit
For Sale.
We have a steam well-digging outfit
with tools complete for boring wells
from four to twelve inches diameter,
which we can sell at less than half
the original cost. Any one interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap.
please correspond with us.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Jacksolville, la.


Budded and Grafted
Mulgoba Mangoes.
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
United States.
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH,
S West Palm Beach, Fla.








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 108

3rPA3TN3W O? OOB3AXNKTA& to say that she does not killing. And vines nearly a score of a
XORzAt;uua uB. deserve the title. Of course there are years old, are as vigorous as ever. The A
beautiful gardens-many of them-but newer white, pink and light lavender
the tourist as he passes hurriedly or blue, large flowered Clematis are
BY W. C. STEBLE, through the state rarely enters a prl- fine companions for Jackmanni, of
B- vate garden, and goes away with the much the same habit of growth, and of In every cough there
SWITZIRLAND. FLORIDA impression that California is the best real showiness. None of the others, lurks, like a crouchin
state in which to live and consequent- however, are so extraordinarily profuse tiger, the probabilides
effects of Cold. ly purchases a home there. Did you in bloom or have such exceedingly of consumption.
Last week we gave some notes ever happen to think that at least six large flowers as Jackmanni, the oldest The throat a d
on the effects of the frost on the out of every ten people that visit Flor- large-flowered variety, but the best of l
nda with the intention of permanently the lot. Lora 8. La Mance. lung r BI
night of January 18. Lack of space residing here and that five of the six r d I
brought them to an end before we had have expected to find miles and miles Pineapples as House Plants. iamed from
got over the list, so we continue It of geraniums and to see acres and Editor Floral Department: coughing a ad
now. acres of Lilies and other flowers in pro- I was much interested in the ar- the gems of
The following plants, usually consid- portion. I believe that every Northern tide copied from the "Mayflower" in consumption
person that is a lover of flowers-and the January 9 number of the Florida And an eay
ered tender, were entirely uninjured, their name is Legion-expects to find Agriculturist, that is, I was interestedlld n
though wholly unprotected. two varie- a Marechal Nell Rose climbing over ev- in the "Pineapple" part of it. I have enwane. Tak
ties of Abutilon, Tecoma stands (Yellow ery house in Florida whether it be grown and now have a "Pine" pnur no Cha nce
Elder), Aristolochia ornithocephala, A. mansion or hut. The houses in the chased from a florist in Florida. It is ith the dam-
Tner, T bergla fragrant, Ma North are comfortable and life is one of the most interesting plants I geronu toe.
Cymbifera, Thunbergia fragrant, Man- pleasant there, but we all long for have, and is considered something Fpor 00 yor
ettia cordifolia and Ipomoea Mortonli. beauty and life outside the windows, "great" here in the "Dark and Bloody te hs heem al -
The following varieties were only and as they can only have a small con- ground," where the plants that "you tft cre Wha
ht injured Cestrm ans only servatory that will only hold a few folks" consider "common" are cher- re Wha a rae-
slightly injured, Cestrm elegant, only dozen plants, when they long for Ished as rare pot plants. We have the ordl Sixty yearsofcres.
lost the flower buds at the ends of the thousands and as the "mountain has Pine, an Orange tree and a Borbonica
shoots; Cestrum noctnrnum, lost its never yet gone to Mahomet," look to Palm and even now when all nature is
foliage and the ends of the branches; the land of perpetual sunshine for an asleep and the days are dreary and
Alpinia ntans, lost only here and all-the-year-round home. And we would the nights are bitter cold, those three
la luaus T lomt M enlot oanlco w me many more noble families it plants in our pit whisper to us sweet
there a leaf; Tecoma McKenii lost only we would plant the easy growing stories of sunny skies and orange bloes.
part of its leaves. On the other hand plants everywhere there is an empty soms and we vow anew that ere an-
Tecoma capensis was killed to within spaer--nature will do the rest. And other twelve months shall have passed
a few inches of the earth, and so also then they will brighten our own lives we will be in the everglades of Florida.
and our own homes and make pleasant But to return to the "Pine," we prefer
was Cuphea micropetala, (C. eminens the pathway from Nevermore to For- to purchase the small plants as we
of catalogues.) evermore. Kate. think they do better than those grown sootheC and heal the
A large bush of Hibiscus diversifo- from the "crown" of the fruit. If you wounded throat amd
s showed some strange freaks of the Clemtis Jackmanni. live in the land of ice and snow by all U n. You esctpem a
frost. The bush has 16 stalks starting Witlhout doubt the showiest pillar means get you a plant and watch it e e an
vine in existence today is Clematis grow and next year the fruit will come tack 0 consumption w
from the ground or near it, and from Jackmanni. It is one of the fine and then-O, me, how we do wish we all its terrible nsferif
three to five feet high. The lower part things that the florist's catalogue do had a whole Pinery. Etak. and Uncertain resulls
of ten of these stems was killed for a not over-picture, but actually falls Kentucky. 'here Is nothilngobad
length of from one to two feet from short of doing it full justice. for the throat and leugW
the ground up, while the bark of the I have in mind a certain fine speci- Legend of the Bed Lily. as coughing.
the ground u, while the bark of the men of this Clematis. It is trained In a back number of Vick's Maga- A 25c botle will cum
tops is still green though they have over one of the front pillars of a front zine we found the following beautiful
lost their foliage. Another was parti- porch. It never gets too large for its story: an ordinarycough; hard-
ally killed while five are absolutely un. situation, as would a larger growing "The following North German legend or coughs will need aSOe.
hurt near the round though some of vine. Yet it is luxuriant, and festoons will coumnend itself to those who are size; the dollar botte i
hurt near the ground, though some of the pillar with its clinging, draping fond of inquiring why one flower cheapest in the long run .
them lost their leaves, yet others did vine of darkest green. The vine is so should be blue and another yellow; -
not lose a leaf. It cannot be explained graceful that it is an ornament without above all why a Lily with its very Ibo wit aN f w l
by saying that the uninjured were a bloom upon it. name suggesting to us a dazzling vly WeL ceamid s w
more dormant than the others, for In June and July, the vine becomes a whiteness should have ever come in lu of fe I. h aim T U
some of the tenderest growth is on solid sheet of blue, so thickly are its any variety to be red. The Crown m- I =eml r
some of the tenderest growth is on masse of large, royal blue flowers perial. or Red Lily. was introduced in. i nud,
stalks not hurt. Across the path, not produced. Think of these large four to England from Constantinople three
over ten or twelve feet away stands and five inch flowers, and then that hundred years ago, and not long after EmM vsw sj uiae
another shrubby Hibiscus, H. im- they are so crowded upon the par- its wondrous beauty so appealed to the a meieAS. wers Me
ent vine that broad petals over-lap sensibilities of the herbalist Gerarde, j.. Ac. m ar ma amm
mutabilis (?), this shed all its leaves broad petals until not a green leaf can who kept large flower gardens, that
early and remained dormant a few he seen over at least three-fourths of he entered in his text book a full and
weeks. But at the time of the frost the entire vine's surface! Think of most quaint description of the strange-
It had just started into growth again that intense color, bright, deep blue, al- ly tinted flower as follows:
f the bs bd pt ot most the rarest shade among flowers 'The floures grow at the top of the paused and looked upon her. For a
and many of the ds had put ot and one of the most striking. As far stalke in form of an Imperial Crowne, second she braved that bright. mild
young, tender leaves, not an inch long, as the eye can see the piazza and ap- hanging their heads as it were bels; eye of reproof, then slowly bent her
not one of which was hurt by the cold. preaches of the house, that far the eye in colour it is yellowish, with the back silvery bells, while blushes swept in
Poincianas lost their leaves but no catches the wave of blue. side of the flour streaked with purp- painful brilliancy over them. Still the
wo wa killed. Ladies driving by, children playing lish lines. which doth greatly set forth Lord's gaze rested on her; lower sank
wood was killed. on the streets, laborers going to their the beauty thereof. In the bottom of her head. deeper burned her crimson;
Ipomoea Leari, where trained upon work, doctors, lawyers, editors and each of these bells there is sixe drops then tear after tear welled up in the
the side of a porch and up the side of ministers alike are attracted by the of most clear, shining sweet water, in Lily cups. After this the Lord passed
the main house was unhurt and is still sight. Not a few of them take the lib- taste like sugar, resembling in shew on.
blooming, but some of the vines had erty to inspect at close range, and to fire orient pearls; the which drops if "When morning came. all the flowers
ask the name of this marvelous thing, you take them away, there immediately lifted their heads and smiled to see the
run up on the roof of the porch and And though there are many other rare appear the like; notwithstanding if light: all but the Lily. that once white
nearly covered a large part of it. The plants in this yard. no other one thing they may be suffered to stand still in queen among them. Her head remain-
leaves of the vines on the roof were has as many compliments as this iden. the flour according to his own nature, ed bowed in shame, while to this day
all killed, and the stems partly killed. tical vine. they will never fall away; no, not if she blushes over her vanity, and the
Perhaps the most surprising survival It has had good care. It was a you strike the plant until it be brok- tears of repentance still sway In the
Perhaps the mot urpriing rival strong two-year-old plant when pur- en.' delicate cups of the flower that refu.
of the cold was a plant of the com- chased. It was planted out in a bed "Thus wrote the celebrated old plant ed to bend before the Lord as He
mon Calla, Richardia Africana. grow- of uncommonly rich earth, and every grower; but it was reserved for those walked in the Garden of Gethsemane."
ing in the open ground. This plant has year since a half-wheelbarrowful of true lovers of flowers, the Germans, to *
a flower bud well up in eight In near rotten manure is spread over the gather to the Lily the mystery and TO THE DBAP.
Sfowr b ll n si ar ground for a yard each way from its witchery of a legend, and in such a A rich lady. cured of her denlces an
proximity Alocaslas, Colocaslas, Cri- roots. It has never suffered for water, guise to tell us how this particular Lily noles in the head by Dr. NIchoba's
nums and Pancratiums, lost all their Each spring it has been cut to one- came to be red and whence came the Artifiial Ear Drum., gave $1.m to ti.
leaves, while the Calla is entirely un- third of its previous year's growth, drops of dew in the crimson cup. So Institute. so that deaf people unable to
inred. (nearly to the roots, in fact), which runs the story: procure the Ear Druml may have the
has induced an abundant growth of "Once the Garden of Gethsemane iute. adrf L i TAhe lieholso In-
S.. T f Anew wood. It has had no enemies, was full of flowers of all kinds and *
The Xand of Flowers (F). save that twice in its fifteen years oc- among them none so fair and queenly CANCER AND PILES.
Editor Floral Departmeat: cupancy of its present position, a black as the slender stately Lily, with all her There Is a Sanitarium in Belleview.
With the almost unsurpassed advan- blister beetle, a tremendous eater and clustering bells proudly upright. It Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
tages that she has, it is to be deplored destroyer, has attacked it in force. was even-time and the Lord came to of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
that Florida has neglected Floriculture One year these were knocked off the walk awhile in His garden. As He without the use of the knife. Write
as she has. Tourists will rave about plant, and killed by a sharp stick. The passed along, each gentle flower bowed them a description of your case and
the wonderful flowers and trees of Cal- other year, insect powders of full before Him while He breathed the re- receive free books by return mail. Ad-
ifornla-the only rival that Florida strength was freely used upon them, fre*hment of the quiet hour upon them; dress,
'as in the United States, but speak and killed them. but when He came to the Lily her BELLEVIEW SANITARIUM,
slghtlngly of the Flowery's State's There seems to be no trouble with haughty head remained erect in the de- J. W. Thompson, M. D., Supt.
Flra; and even go so far as healthy vines of this rotting or winter- fiance of conscious beauty. The Lord Beleview, F








lU% THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FOBMIDA GBICLTIRIST.
btered at the pot- at DeLand, Flora
ida, a second es mutter
.LO. PAINTER & CO.,
Publisher and Proprietors
Published every Wednesday. and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
teras of her people.
Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Asliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
TERMS.
Oa yer, single subscription.... ........M .W
Sinx moMth, hgle aberipta ..... .... 1.M
.Si p........ ....... ......... .
ADVERTISING RATES.
Ratea for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Articles relating to any topic within the
sce of this paper are elicited.
e cannot promise to return rejected manu-
ript Be stamps are enclosed.
_A communications for intended publication
ust be accompanied with real name. as a
raee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be rarded.
Money should be eat by Draft. Postoffc
Mosey Order on DeLand. or Reiastered Let-
ter. therwie the publisher will not be re-
poiWe in case of loss. When personal
are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and I cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
thiS ap. mst be reied by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subaiberst when writing to have the address
of their aer c-aned MUST give the old as
well as the sw address.

WEDNESDAY. FEBRTTAR? 13, 1901.

Not one horse in a hundred in Call-
fornia knows the taste of corn; they
are all fed on barley. Why would it
not be better to grow it in Florida for
stock Instead of corn? It could be
grown without cultivation and at
smaller expense. harvested before the
rainy season comes on. threshed and
stored out of the way: and it could
be protected from the weevil more
easily than corn.
C
It might pay our subscribers who
have muck-bottomed ponds or swamps
to send and procure some wild rice
seed. It will grow up from the bottom
through several feet of water, requir-
ing no cultivation, and yield a consid-
erable feed for ducks, geese or other
wild fowl; or it may be gathered for
domestic fowls. Seed may be procured
from the seed house of D. M. Ferry
& Co.. Detroit. Mich.
*
It is said that in the lemon producing
districts of Sicily they use lemon juice
as a preventive of cholera by acid-
ulating their drinking water and rub-
bing it on their hands. Dr. Christmas,
of the Pasteur Institute of Paris,
.found that nine grains of lemon juice
would kill the cholera bacillus In the
Paris aqueduct in fifteen minutes, and
that two grains of the acid in a quart
of water would render it harmless.
0
Thirteen years ago a Floridian,
strolling along upper Broadway on his
way home in the spring, found a fruit
vender who had a lot of pomelos he
could not sell and was greatly disgust-
ed with. The Floridian carried off eight
fine ones for a quarter. It is one of
Florida's greatest laurels that, in the
pomelo, she has given the people prac-
tically a new food product-a product
containing at once food and medicine
in a felicitous manner.
S*
In some situations root-knot does not
get hold of peach trees even after
they have been growing for years; in
others it attacks them within two or
three years after planting. There are
fields around Orlando where peaches,
even when surrounded with cowpeas
every year are not molested. It may


possibly be due to the presence of the
clay containing iron. When it takes a
strong hold it will follow a root thirty
feet long to the end. But generous
fertilizing with sulphate of potash will
generally keep it in subjection so as to
render it nearly harmless.

We were very fortunate In being able
to sample some very fine King oranges
grown by Mr. B. M. Hampton, of Lake-
Iont. The average weight of the fruit
was seventeen ounces and the circum-
ference fourteen Inches. A reference to
these figures will show the readers that
the oranges were of good size. To-
gether with the size they possessed a
high color and good flavor, and were
exceedingly heavy for oranges of that
size showing a well developed Juice.
Such fruit as this never goes begging
in the market. They were the finest
samples of King's we have seen for
years.
a C
The character of the winter so far
gives strong ground for expecting a
fairly early spring without disturbing
backsets in temperature. But If we
should happen to have such lapses af-
ter Irish potatoes have been sprouted
and grown somewhat, there is still op-
Iortunity to grow a good crop by a
second planting. Early Rose, Early
Ohio and other extra early varieties,
when planted late, run largely to vines,
unt Beauty of Hebron, Chili Red and
solme other later sorts may be planted,
even in the latitude of Ocala, as late
as April 1st or 10th, especially in a cool
aimamock, with a fair prospect of a
crop-at least a better one than badly
frosted vines will yield.
*
The growers have been told and have
told each other for so long a time
that the Florida orange is the finest
produced on earth, that many of them
seem to think that anything that goes
from Florida should bring a price with-
out any delay which would be satis-
factory to the grower. The painful fact
Is that a very large percentage of it
is measly stuff, neither handsome nor
good. which would be dear to the buy.
er at any price. We say this, not be-
cause we are disloyal to the Florida or-
ange in general-far from it-but be-
cause we believe the true interest of
Florida requires honest, fearless crit-
icism to keep our great staple from
being over-ridden In the fierce com-
petition which Is coming.
*
There is no other vegetable in the
sale of which color is a more import-
ant factor than it is in the cucumber,
it requires a dark, moist but well-
drained soil, slightly fertilized with a
strongly ammoniated fertilizer. We
have noticed that a dark green cucum-
ber, though it may be defective in
size and shape, will sell when one per-
fect in every particular except color is
a drug on the market. The average
light garden soil that would produce a
good crop of tomatoes will not produce
good, dark cukes, no matter how well
you may fertilize it. The pine land, as
a rule, yields better cukes than the
hammock; but it should be dark, rich,
sandy soil, with a layer of clay so
near the surface that the plow some-
times touches it.

It is sometimes said that a semt-
tropical climate can never ue the seat
of a profitable diary business; that the
heat of the tropics dries up the milk
and reduces the udder of the cow. The
udder of the cow in a state of nature


or half wild is large enough to enable
her to rear the calf and no larger. The
enormous udders of Jerseys and Hol-
steins are the creation of man, and
are as much abnormal as the bloated
throat of the pouter pigeon or the two-
Inch layer of fat on the Poland-China
hog. California is hotter than Florida,
so is Texas, but profitable dairies for
butter and cheese are opening up in
these states. Given the rich, milk-mak-
ing feed and the pampering care be-
stowed by the northern dairyman, and
the Florida cow can be made a profit-
able butter-maker or even cheese-mak-
er.
*
Last week we received from the
Royal Palm Nurseries, at Oneco, a
sample of their new orange which they
have named after their own postoffice,
Oneco. The orange is a cross between
the Tangerine and the King, taking the
better qualities of both fruits. The rind
is comparatively thin and well col-
ored; the rag is verylight and the or.
ange is exceedingly heavy, there being
no vacancies between the segment and
rind. or in the center as is the case
with the Tangerine. The flavor of the
fruit is that of the King with the acid
removed, just enough remaining to
inake it piquant and spicy. The
sample of Kings that accompanied
the Onecos were also all heavy weight,
desirable size and nicely colored, show-
ing they had been well grown and
would stand shipment a long distance.
Mr. Reasoner believes he has a choice
addition to our list of oranges in the
Oneco and the samples he sent us bear
out his belief.

The cold weather of this winter has
been equally and continuously distrib-
uted, constituting the model season, a
"real old-fashioned Florida winter."
Every winter is an "old-fashioned
Florida winter" however exceptional it
may seem, for we may rest assured
that there have been thousands like it
In the long cycles since the creation.
Every continent on earth, in its center,
is like a cauldron in summer and
otherwise in winter, creating col-
ossal atmospheric conditions. Califor-
nia also has Its norther, west of the
Sierra Nevada, pouring out from the
great Utah basin through the Fre-
donia Pass. South America has its
pamperos, Italy its tramontanas com-
ing down from the steppes of Russia.
Pekin is four degrees colder than Co-
penhagen, which is seventeen degrees
nearer the pole, from the bleak winds
of Siberia. Africa has its hot simoons.
We may rest assured that the earth
will rock along just as it has been do-
ing for millions of years, and that
North America will have a shiver pass
down its back-bone whenever it
"catches cold." The orange grower
should make his preparations for pro-
tection on the basis of an average of
ten thousand years and not on an "old-
fashioned open winter" occasionally.
V 0
Parasitism and Disease.
It is the result of the experience and l


polishing a sanitary purpose. But para-
sites proper assail forms still living,
seemingly anticipating their demise
and hastening it with that relentless
instinct of persecution which makes
the pack of wolves instantly leap upon
one of their number that is wounded
and devour it.
It is the observation of the entomol-
ogist of the Florida Experiment Sta-
ton, that, when orange trees are plant-
ed close together, thereby excluding air
and sunlight to a certain extent, they
fall victims to the white fly seriously.
When planted wide, and thus enabled
to receive an unlimited allowance of
those health-giving elements, they are
strengthened, their foliage is filled with
richer and sweeter sap and they are,
if not wholly exempt from those de-
structive parasites, at least measur-
ably so and more resistant.
Some optimistic writers contend that
bacteria are created for a benign pur-
pose. merely to provide for the removal
of decaying or decayed matter. It
would Ie difficult to predicate this pur-
pose of the white fly in attacking a
tree, which, although it may not be in
a condition of the most robust vitality,
is yet not on the down grade. It would
Im difficult to assert this of the .mission
of the germs of consumption or typhoid
fever when they assail a man in the
full strength of manhood, though tem-
porarily a little weakened by it cold.
But their mission matters little,
whether benign or malevolent; it is
with the practical action of bacteria
that we are chiefly concerned. The
lmere fact that parasites have fastened
upon a plant or an animal and would
speedily drag it down should cause no
remission of care but the contrary, to-
gether with a resolve in future to main-
tain the object in such high condition
as to forestall all such attacks.
Let us suppose a house of roses in
perfect health, without a speck of mil.
dew during autumn, winter and spring;
the atmosphere Inside is about sixty,
moist and genial; the roses look fine.
Outside it is cold and raw. Suppose
the side ventilators are left open for
an hour; a cold draught of air passes
over the plants. They become chilled,
they contract a severe cold and in a
short time will be covered with mil-
dew. Mildew follows from the check
to the plants-a violent cold.
Rust on the oranges is caused by a
parasite whose attacks it would be dif-
icult to ascribe to a failing condition
of the tree or fruit. The vigorous or-
anges are subjected to rust, and no
stimulation with fertilizer and high
culture will prevent it. But rust or
leaf-spot on the strawberry is distinct-
ly traceable to a check in growth,
caused by a sudden chilling or cessa-
tion of growth from the exhaustion of
the fertilizer supply in the ground.
Scale insects are attracted to the or-
ange by a lush, succulent growth due
:o high ammoniate. fertilizing. A ces-
ation in the culture of the tree pro-
luces a check in growth, and Just
here, as the tree comes to a pause,
balances and inclines on the downward


observation of an active lifetime that slope, the parasites make their appear-
the lower forms of life, vegetable and ance.
animal, which attack higher forms *
very seldom do so until those higher A Chance for Large Enterprises.
forms give the Invitation, involuntary There are millions of acres of land
though it may be, by an impairment in Florida of the class of land technic-
of vitality. There are saprophytie ally known as flatwooods that are a
forms of vegetation which are harm- better foundation for large cattle
less, merely subsisting on decaying ranches than nine-tenths of the area
matter and therefore really accom- between the Rocky mountains and the
*/'









THE FLORIDA AGRICrUTIT RTrRT


Pacific -cean. The timber is natur-
ally scarce, and after being culled over
by the sawmills or destroyed by the
turpeltiners, it is still more scattered;
andl the wiregrass sod generally
stretches unbroken throughout.
This wiregrass becomes so tough and
juiceless before winter that the native
cattle, with no other resources before
them, graze the starvation line before
spring: but so. It must be remembered,
do the cattle of the far western ranges.
A loss of ten to twenty per cent from
hunger and cold combined is common
in tlhe west, while in Florida five per
cent is about the customary percent-
age of loss, and often it is not more
than two per cent.
But the fact of capital Importance
is that the great western ranges are
constantly deteriorating under the graz-
ing of stock, while those of Florida
steadily improve under the same in-
fluences. In a work on the stock in-
dustry in the Far West, Issued by the
government, it was stated that "'cattle,
horses, and sheep have ranged through
all the valleys and upon all the moun-
tains. Over large areas they have de-
stroyed the native grasses, and they
have everywhere reduced them. Where
once the water from rain was en-
tangled in a mesh of vegetation and
restrained from gathering into rills,
there is now only an open growth of
bushes that offers no obstruction.
Where once the snows of autumn were
spread on a non-conducting mat or
hay and wasted by evaporation until
the sunshine comes to melt them, they
now fall upon naked earth and are
melted at once by the warmth."
In Florida the same destruction of
tile native grass, the wiregrass, takes
place, though much more slowly than
In the mid-continental plains. But it


is promptly replaced by nature with
far better varieties, the crowsfoot, the
smut grass, the Bermuda and the car-
pet grass. On the plains the valuable
grasses, the buffalo, the grama, the
bunch and others come first, and are
exterminated by the stock and either
leave no successors but weeds or they
are replaced by worthless varieties.
But in Florida the reverse is true; the
nearly worthless wiregrass comes first
and the valuable varieties replace it
when it is exterminated. Hence our
ranges grow better before a plow is
ever put into them, but the western
ranges go backward. The ranges
around Tallahassee and many old set-
tied towns in Middle and West Florida,
and In the old Creole settlements near
Mobile, which have never been plowed
but have been long and severely graz-
ed until the native wiregrass is all
gone. are a hundred per cent more val-
uable for pastoral purposes than they
were in the wiregrass sod.
Now. let men of capital buy up these
abandoned sawmill or turpentine
claims in large bodies, fence them with
wire, stock them with selected scrub
heifers and import from the north or
from Tennessee thoroughbred Here-
ford or Devon bulls, which are the best
beef breeds, and grade up. They could
hardly fall in a few years to have prop-
erties which would be valuable. In ad-
dition to their own herds they might
purchase fat cattle from their neigh-
Ibors on smaller farms, herd and ship
to large markets, or, still better, butch-
er and retail all the offal and fertl-
Szer'baterial in the state.

S0 books bound at this office.


\


ROSES AND VOILETS at Rosecroft. M. E.
Ten Eyck, DeLand, Fla. 6x17
FOR SALE-Fruit Farm, Lake Villa Grove,
at Pierson, Volusia county. Fla. About 200
acres. This choice property will be sold
cheap to close an estate. Apply to Illinois
Trust and Savings Bank, trustee for the es-
tate of George Park Kinney, deceased, Chi-
cago, Illinois. lx8
WRITE to J. D. Bell, St Petersburg, Fla.,
for pineapple plants. 2tf
CASSAVA ROOTS WANTED-Any one
having cessvam roots ready for delivery
wiRhkf the nezvt llty days please ad-
dress H. R. WARDEIL., Sec and Treas
Seminole Mfg. Co., DLaInd, Fla. Terms
CASH on delivery. 69.
IRON PIPING, for irrigating purposes, in
first cla condition, for ale cheap. CLIF-
FORD ORANGB CO., Citra, Fla. 7x19
SALT 6ICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Maun-
vile, F 10x21-01
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grapefruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit ad Tangerine.
Box z7L Orlando. Fla. it
CASSAVA BED PCQR SALE-Purchaser
nlay bid on them standing n 10-acre
field. C. B. OPROUL Glenwood, Fla.
Ctf.
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. JAS.
MTT, Fort Myers, Fla. ntf


SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg,
Florida.
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for cents r dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. S. PRESTON, Auburndale,
Fla. lIfd
FOR 8ALE CHBAP-3,0 fret of 3-inch
iron pipe in good condition. for watering
.rves. CLIFPORD ORANGE O., Citr
"WHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA"-Beautiful
kodak album. Cloth and morocco binding,
Cloth 0Oc, morocco 75c ostpaid. E. 0.
PAINTER & CO., DeLand, Fla. t
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for Jul
planting 5 varieties of 2 and S year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13la
FOR SALE-4 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address P M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
Land. Fla.
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
iin Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
WATER YOUR GROVES, pineries and veg-
etable farms. Write the CLIFFORD OR-
ANGE CO., Citra, Fla., for prices on Iron
pipe for irrigating plant. 7x19
WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons, Plums,
Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cata-
logue free. Address, THE GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
41tf
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett,
Prop. Tampa. Fla.. 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
apple, Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white By. Correspondence so-
licited. 41tf
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
e Fnuaht, Low -Prices. Address THE
IFIN BROTHERS Company, Jack.
sonville. Fla. 41tf
PINEAPPLE PLA NTS--Smooth Cavnne, Ab-
baka. Envrille City and Golden Queen for
sale by CLIFFORD ORANGE CO., Citra,
Fla. 7.19


CONSIGN ORANGES TO



PORTER BROS. CO.,

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.

FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.

CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $25o,ooo.oo.


W. N. Sheats, state superintendent
of public instruction, has addressed an
urgent letter to state attorneys, conn.
ty prosecuting attorneys and sheriffs
in Flirida to take stringent measures
to protect school lands from the shame.
ful depraditions being made upon
them.


OHEAP COLUMN
RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, cents; three weeks 6 cents.
P MB CASAVA 8BBD for sale cheap de-
tcd at epot. BBDBLL, Lake Helen.
7x9
HOW TO FREEZE ice cream without ice.
No fake. Formula 10c. Box 183, DeLand.
Fla. tf.
IRRIGATING PLANT-A large quantity of
3-inch black iron pipe for salecheap. CLIF-
FORD ORANGE CO., Citra, Fla. 7x19
WANTED-A chemit. One who bas bad
experience In handling fertilizang nma-
torials, a atlte resident preferred. E. O.
PAINTEIR Jacksonville. FIla


ST. PAUL.


PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re-
ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER BROS. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.


40 EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES shd to
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencils, Makit Quo
Uons, ad Genera Intructions for shipping Florida products supplied from the Jacksoavlks oece


SPRAY PUMPS.

Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank.............. 12 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized irontank.. 7 00
Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
Barrel Spray Pump, com-
S plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc.................. 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................. 20.79
Myers' California Favorite,
complete 28.00
Insecticides: Lime, Sulphate of Oop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur, etc.
SP landi Bangor Or Boxae
Shav Birch Hoops, Freish Groe
m zed Hoops, Malima saad olered
Orange Wraps, omt t Corated Be
Nalsa, Pineapple, Bean, Castalesp,
Cabbage and Other Crates' Tginaf
Ca riers, Lettuce Baskets, it
Imperial Plows and Cultivaors, to.
Catalogue and prle Ufs n appl-
cation.
E. BEAN,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Room 18 Robinson Bldg.


We have a full supply of
all the best varieties of Or-

show them to prospective
planters. San show. both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicted.

GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,
G. L. TABER, Proprietor,


Olen St. Mary,


- Florida.


O~lKITDC'DIrC Satsuma Oranges on Trifoliata
RIVERSIDE NURSERIES. Stock $.5 to $ per 10.0 Pea.ch
t ees at $5 to $8 per 10 .
MULBERRIES, PECANS, KUMQUATS, UMBRELLA TREES.


J. A. DANIEL,


GLEN ST. MARY, FLA.






> Free


WATCHES


% N% FREE

Premium Offer No 1.
$2.o win f :cive'an opn-hc, rtem-wind
and ste-ent watch, guaranteed by the mafactrers for one year. Send your sbscrp-
ios at onc to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonvil, Fla.


THEFLOIDAA IULT IS


CI


. .d


HICAGO. NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


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OU WBEHOLD DEPA3BBT RT. ever, who understands the making of
All communications or enquiries for this de- Battenburg lace can quickly and easily i
trtment should be addressed to make them. The patterns, which can s
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, be bought at any up-to-date dry goods
household Dept. Jacksonville. house. give the kind and exact amount 4
of materials to be used In their con-
Books. struction. They are very dressy ad-
The great majority of farmer's wives juncts to the toilet.
rove few pleasures outside of the *
ave few pleasures outside of the he Creates in lt a True Air of Hap-
imited sphere of their own home, or piness.
heir own neighborhood, but plod on "It's nice to be a good housekeeper," I
a the same weary monotonous way said a bachelor man recently, "but I
y b d, a in to the same don't like the houses which are so well
lay by day, attending to the same kept that you can't sit on the drawing.
very round of duties till they grow room chairs or have a fire in the grate."
Id and careworn. A change of occu- "In my opinion." he went on,-and he
matlon is rest and a very beneficial one was a doctor too,-"the surroundings
o both the mind and body. A few mo- of homes make for goodness of heart
and physical and mental strength, or
nents of each day devoted to a good they make for the opposite.
book or paper, will rest and refresh, "Houses aren't bazaars, or store-
and make it easier to take up the irk- rooms, or junkshops, and where wo-
some task again. There may not be men make their most serious mistake
is in filling their houses with furniture
many moments to devote to reading, and trappings which are beyond their
but there are many times when a book means, and, therefore, too good to use.
can be taken up and a few chapters "I like a home-like room," said he,
read without seriously interfering with "ad it's not comfortable to be let into
anl unaired. darkened drawing-room,
the duties of the day. Every woman and perched on a reception chair, with
owes it to herself to keep both mind your hostess perched on a similarly un-
and body in as good condition as pos- comfortable one. and ready to glare at
sible. you if you lean back."
A good book will take her into other We have a deal to answer for, we
women who sit in unattractive homes
scenes, give her glimpses of the out- and wonder bitterly why husbands and
side world and widen ler mental hori- Imys-yes, and the girls, too-prefer to
zon. and while she seldom leaves her go elsewhere for their frolics. We
home. she can see through another's wouldn'tlet them frolic at home, ex-
eyes what the great world holds. It cept under the frwn of our displeas-
ure. We'd be too much afraid of our
pleasures are thus made very real to precious carpets, or our expensive fur-
her and she knows that others as well nature. or the "work" the general un-
as herself have suffered. She has tidiness would entail.
learned the customs of other people, or Every true woman likes pretty
followed explorers and hunters into the things. They appeal to her as soft
ulllnsic( does, or the noise of the wind
jungles of tropical countries and shar- in the trees, or the babble of the water
ed the excitements of lion stalking or along the stones. They call some-
of narrow escapes. She has felt all thing out of her heart to watch them,
the eager interest of the explorers in :Ind they two make glad together. We
need not crucify our love for the beau-
the Polar regions. has seemed to see tlful, but we must control it. We must
the reflection of the sun on the ice- ie guided by that "eternal fitness"
bergs. and enjoyed the glorious auro- which if neglected makes so much
ras of the Northern skies. For the trouble for most of us. We must make
our lhonms colmfortlble, but not ItuxUr-
time she forgets her own little worries ous until they induce setsuality. The
and troubles, her body is refreshed and table. which should never in the best
she goes back to her work with a light- honie conduce to gluttony, may still be
er heart. Where there are not many very correct, very pleasing to the taste(
books and papers and not very much an*u t'illiting to tie palate.
Thlie :atmuosplhere of tile home is cre-
money to buy with it is a golo plan :,teld by thei woman who makes it. A
to have a circulating library. We once I11na is not a homle-maker. He has no
lived in a little village where each fain- ilnhbrited tilnencies to help him. He
ily took a few papers or magazines hasll*'t tll" patience to carry out the
ideals lie lhas either ill educating chil-
and each had a few good books. These dra..i or entertaining guests. But he
books and papers were exchange and has ideas amid they usually differ from
all shared in thie enjoyment and belne. his wife's, which is a good thing.
fit. It was a good plan and helped to A house furnished entirely by a two-
ke down gossip and gave a more na y lie too fussy, but a man's
keep wn gossip anh gave a moreoe is likely to lie too severe. The
healthy tone to the intellectual life of wise woman accepts all her husband's
the place. It would le harder to a*r-lor (so's or father's suggestions (and
ry out this plan in tlh country, but Iu"lhiftis thel' whe1n ie isn't looking).
Tle house will never quite meet her
still it might le tried. approval: it will never be his ideal
S1l0house, but it will le a better one for all
Lace Collars. that.
Lace collars are now much worn, and To tile woman we look for the little
kre sometimes fashioned to simulate touches of tenderness, tile thought for
notched reverse in front and meet in a other people. tlhe dignity and peace,
the cheerfulness and the power for
point near the waist line. At the back good. which all belong to the true
they fit smoothly over the shoulders, honle. Men have their business, or they
having the appearance of a close-fitting, should have. A woman's business-
yoke. Tile prettiest ones are made of the one she is pre-eminently fitted for-
Sis hlonie-mnaking. The mest kind of self-
Battenbrg and are quite expensive if reliance is the kind which call control
bought in the stores. Anyone, how-i affairs when they are to be controlled,


rOWDER


Makes the food more delicious and wholesome
OAL momII POWOMR C., IE. W IMK.


Two hundred bushels of po-


nd yield with perfect good humor any
art of the control to others when it
expedient. The dog-in-the-manger
ome-maker is often found. She is ov-
r-zealous. She works hard-too hard,
sometimes, poor thing, but she is a lit-
le selfish and she lacks philosophy.
Ihe wants to reform people's habits
nd tastes in a month or in a year.
lhe won't live her theories out before
people, believing that unless they are
practical enough to be useful to her
hey aren't much use to anyone.
It's time turn over a new leaf in our
lome-making. It's time we realized
he responsibility of home and the van-
ty of giving our home people pale blue
atin brocade chairs to look at when
what they want are big chairs to sit
comfortably in while they read or doze,
>r rest.-Montreal Herald.
4 0
Color in the Kitchen.
The kitchen, it goes without saying,
should be the first department settled.
Make that part of your apartment com-
fortable and the rest of the machinery
will be sure to run well. A certain
sense of equity should prompt the
householder to do this.
White makes the ideal kitchen, the
Introduction of blue, in either tiles ol
china dishes, producing a charming and
delightful result. White tiles are be
yond the means of most persons
though the bath enamel or the white
oil cloth can give effects almost ai
good. Next to white and blue comet
yellow-white wood-work and -yellow
walls.
Green is always cool and refreshing
and. with the imitation oak wood-wort
seen in every flat, makes a good com
bination. Stained floors in mos
apartments are desirable, although th<
white linoleum is a great addition.-
Harper's Bazaar.
*
Gold Tags.
Among the many fads of fashion i
that of attaching gold tags to man;
articles of wear. These vary in sizi
and on many wearers the effect o
these dangling ornaments is somw
what ludicrous; for Instance, on a ii
tie dumpy woman, her woolen gow
trimmed with flying ends of velvet o
other ribbon, from which suspend them
metal tags, one might well suppose
that an arrangement of gilded boo
laces or stay-laces had been devise
to furnish a novel decoration for th
upper portion of the gown.-Ex.

Make Children Partners.
A mother was recently speaking o
her plan to keep all business cares an
anxieties from the knowledge of he
childreni-keeping everything depress
ing out of their life, she called it-thi
they might be free to enjoy themselves
as long as possible, with no feelln
of trouble or responsibility. "But wi
that really add to their happiness I
thle long run?" asked an older mothe
dissentingly. "We have always trim
to take our children into partnership
to have them share our plans and ii
terests. and let them know what w
are trying to do and what we have 1
live oi. It seems to me that success
are more valued if they come as som
thing one has hoped for and helped 1
work for; and retrenchments are moi
easily lorne if they are intelligent
agreed upon in the family council ii
qtead of forced upon the younger mel
hers with only the bald statement th
we cannot afford this or that.
strengthens the family tie if the ch
dren feel that it is our home, our bi
ness and our interest. if they kno
that their opinion is considered, ai
that their votes count; it is a means
education in wisdom, self-control ai
unselfishness.-Mirror & Farmer.

Cakes From Bread Dough.
A dainty produced from the brei
pan. says a writer in the American A
riculturist, is n light cake that is de
cious for tea. Take one cup of t
light dough. add one-half pint war
milk. three eggs. sugar or syrup
sweeten, one cup raisins, a few spice


106


* AGENTS WANTED.

SWe would like to secure an
agent in every town and ham-
let in Florida. Write at once.
: E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
Jacksonville, Fla.

and flour to form a thick batter, as for
t cake. Iour into a greased tin, and al-
e low to rise until very light, when bake
slowly. In place of raisins, dry cher-
ries stewed and sweetened with maple
syrup are nice. Citron may be used.
and dried apples are equally good. The
s apples should be soaked for an hour
y in .warm water, and used in the cake
without previous cooking.
Another favorite relished by the little
Folks, as well as "children of an older
Growthh" is to knead up a quantity of
dough with a little butter. Roll out
n very thin. Butter a flat tin, and lay
r in the dough, so it will cover the bot-
e tom and sides. Cut a long, narrow
Strip of dough, wet the edges, and
Press the strip along them firmly. Fill
tile center with apples, peeled, alle-
ed and sweetened with sugar, dotted
with bits of butter, and flavored with
cinnamon. The flavoring may be var-
ied with lemon juice, vanilla, or nut-
tf meg. Allow it to become very light.
d when bake in a slow oven. This forms
ar favorite dessert, when served warm
with cream, or a sweet sauce. Dried
t or canned fruits may be substituted
s in place of apples. When seasonable,
g fresh currents are very nice.
ll ('innamon roses are nice for the chil-
n dren's luncheon. Roll out some bread
r, dough quite thin, spread with a little
d Iutter. and sprinkle thickly with sugar
and cilnnamon. Now roll It up as for
n_ roll jelly cake. moisten the edge with
we after, so it will adhere firmly. With
to .i sharp knife, cut off the slices from
tie roll about one inch thick, lay them
a. in a greased pan, and when light, bake.
to 0
re A Bureau Bcarf.
ly One of the daintiest and prettiest of
0-
n-
- bureau pieces can be made of hand-
at kerchiefs. Three are required, those of
It medium fine texture with narrow hem-
il- stitched h ems being suited to the pur-
is- pose. Put the handkerchiefs together
w with lace insertion between and all
Id around them, then full on a lace edge
of to match the insertion around the
nd whole. Platt Val is especially adapted
to this use.-Ex.
4 a
Can't you win one of our premiums?
ad
Kg-

he
to




I


POUT3AY AND RA E DRPART-
gMIMIT.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICTULTURIST,
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla.

Disinfection and Disease.
When roup has become established
on a farm the germs remain in the soil
for months, depending on the kind of
group. however, as the term is used to
apply to consumption, diphtheria, scrof-
ula. etc. The entire premises should be
disinfected two or three times, drench-
ing the houses, floors and roosts.
grounds, etc.. with a mixture made of
one pound of copperas and bluestone
(sulphate of copper), each dissolved in
ten gallons of hot water, then adding
one pint of sulphuric acid. Kill all the
birds and get others that are known
to be healthy. The labor of handling
sick birds Is too costly when the whole
flock is attacked. Prevention is better
than cure. Diseases are not always
contagious. When some member of the
flocks seem to have an ailment and no
others are affected, it may be safely
ascribed to some cause peculiar to the
Individual. For instance, when one of
the fowls twists its neck around,
seems to shake its head. cannot eat or
in helpless, it is difficult to arrive at a
correct knowledge of the cause. But
it may be rheumatism from dampness,
pressure of blood on the brain from
high feeding, or an injury. The only
remedy then is to keep the fowl quiet
on straw, and feed only once a day on
lean meat. If it does not soon recover
it will be of no value except.for the
pot. Do not waste time with birds that
are always sick.-Farm and Fireside.

Boosts and Dibeases.
One of the indications of the manner
in which some keep their fowls is the
roost. The old-time roost may still be
found everywhere, and is known as the
"ladder." which is that form where the
perches are put row upon row, one
higher than the other, sloping towards
the back of the house at an angle of
about forty degrees, until they almost
reach the roof. This is the most ob-
jectionable form that can possibly be,
because the birds will struggle to be
on the topmost rung. and may do them-
selves harm to get there. Another ob-
jection to this form is that vitiated air
being at the top of the house is breath-
ed by some of the birds all through
the night. The most. serious disad-
vantage of this form, however, is that
the birds are much too near the roof,
and supposing that a sudden frost
should come on during the night, as it
is very liable to do during the autumn
and early spring, the cold will strike
right down on the backs of the birds,
upon the most vital spot of their whole
bodies. The fowls are liable to get into
a draught so near the roof. When a
house is ventilated, with holes at the
top or the ends, there must be a
draught from one end of the house to
the other, and in this the fowls have
to roost all night. Roosts of all kinds
are frequently placed too high up,
hence the birds are liable to injure
themselves flying down to the ground.
There is a disease amongst poultry
called bumble foot. and this is general-
ly caused from birds alighting from too
high perches. A thick corn makes its
appearance upon the sole of the bird's
foot. which after awhile festers and
makes a sore wound. It is brought
about by repeated hard pressure, thus
when the birds have to fly down day
after day from lofty perches this ail-
ment is brought about. The greatest
objection to high perches is that the
higher the birds are up the colder they
will be. Heat and cold are atmosphel-
ic. hence the nearer the ground the
birds are the warmer they will be in
winter and the cooler in summer. There
should always be a bank of air be.
tween tne roof of the poultry house
and the backs of the birds. The perch.
es should be in such a position that
when the fowls are roosting they may
be facing the window. One of the most
important points to remember with re-
gard to the subject is that all perches,
whether the house is a large or small


one, shall be movable, and not fixed.
Too much stress cannot be laid upon
this point because when the perches
are fixed the places where they are
fastened on the wall will become full
of Insect life, and no amount of white-
washing the house will ever remove
tlem. Every month all the perches
should be taken out and the ends dip-
ped in kerosene oil, or some other such
substance, and the places into which
the perches are fixed must also be
washed out with the same.-Mirror &
Farmer.

Profitable Hen-Keeping.
Without being able to say positively
from actual figures, about 80 per cent.
of our hens lay in wifiter, but owing
to constant sales at all times of the
year and sometimes being too much
crowded. I do not get as large a per-
-entage of eggs as If I had fewer birds
I would always rather hens did not
lay too early or too freely, as I like to
have them in full laying condition for
March and April eggs for hatching.
The time of hens moulting varies,
as all breeders are aware, with their
age. My yearling hens were through
about October 1, or earlier, having
commenced early In July, the oldet
ones shedding yet; a few just begin-
ning. I feed wheat principally dur.
ing moultitg season, and give the fowls
full rmnge f the farm, as I think
they do better and get through earlier.
I break up my pens in June as early
as possible, if not behind with egg or-
ders.
In shut-in weather I think nothing
better than oats or wheat In the sheaf
to induce hens to lay and keep laying.
(live cabbage heads or turnips, some
kind of meat if possible, plenty of
shells, charcoal, water and dust box
es; keep them happy and busy. Feed
a warmn bran mash once a day, oth-
erwise whole grain exclusively; one
feed of corn in very cold weather.
Feed no nostrums, but raise cayenne
peppers and put a liberal quantity in
the mash three times a week.-Rural
New Yorker.
S*
Incubators.
I have had three years of experience
with artificial incubators, and had fair
success. The first hatch I took off the
incubator I had 193 chicks out of 200
fertile eggs. I would say that the mois,
ture is the first mistake the beginner
is liable to make, either too much or
not enough. Too much moisture is as
injurious to the developing chick as
not enough. Too much moisture will
drown the chick, or cause it to be
weak, and not sufficient will cause the
chick to stick to the shell, and it will
not have strength enough to break
the shell. Ventilation in the room
where incubators are placed is a rath-
er necessary article. To get proper
moisture in an artificial hatcher is a
hard question. For the beginner it 1i
a good plan to set the hen at the same
time that the machine is set, and see
the air cell in the large end of the
eggs being hatched from day.ot day.
Then lie can see how the moisture is
working in the machine and under the
len. I find little chicks that are hatch-
ed by artificial incubators much health-
ier than those hatched by the hen;
stronger and free from disease, lice,
mites, etc. A chick hatched by arti-
ficial incubators will grow faster it
properly cared for than chicks that are
hatched by the hen.-Rural New York-
er.
C
Poultry Breeding in Belgium.
The following interesting article on
poultry breeding in Belgium, we ex-
tract from the Journal of the Society
of Arts:
The poulett de Bruxelles" has a very wide
spread reputation not only among gourmets.
but among those who have hld the good for-
tune to travel upon the continent and partake
of it. The difference in quality between the fowl
above mentioned and one of the same age and
size of the ordinary variety is shown by the
fact that the first is sold in nearly all the mar-
kets in Belgium at double the price of the
other. For example a young poulet de Brux-
elles which would be considered about the size
sufficient for a meal for two persons is sold
for about 4s, whereas one of the ordinary vari-


ety can be purchased for between Is 8d and
2s 6d. The excellence of the fowl seems to de-
pend, as far as can be ascertained, on the care-
ful manner in which the sitting hen is treated,
the cleanliness observed about her, as well as
the careful feeding of the young chicken until
sufficiently developed for eating purposes. The
United States Consul-General at Antwerp says
that whether or not the methods pursued in
Belgium differ from those followed by careful
breeders in other countries it is impossible to
say. The choice of eggs for setting purposes
is considered a matter of great importance
and the freshest obtainable are invariably used.
The best breeders seldom take eggs older than
eight days for raising the best quality. Care
is taken that the eggs given to one hen should
be of the same age. The eggs when collected
are kept at a very even and medium temper-
ature until given to the hen, and are turned
daily. This is done to prevent the yolk, which
is lighter than the whites of the eggs, from
adhering to the top of the shell. The eggs
chosen for the purpose above mentioned are
also of an average size, those above medium
being rejected,as they often contain double
yolks. Eggs received from a distance, and con-
sequently exposed to more or less shaking, are
allowed to stand a day or two before being put
under the hen. Great care is also taken that the
eggs should be perfectly clean. The nest is pre-
pared of straw or cut hay, perfectly clean, dry
and odorless. As a rule, the sitting hens are
placed in corners where the greatest quiet is
obtainable, and are not exposed to great light.
When so situated they are not disturbed for any
other purpose than the placing before them of
their daily supply of food and water. As the
hen leaves the nest at least once a day to
search for food, to take exercise, etc., care is
taken to place her food and water within reach
of the nest. in order that the time she is off
the eggs may be materially shortened. When
the young bird is hatched it retains in its body
part of the yolk of the egg from which it was
produced, which suffices to nourish it for the
first twenty-four hours, during which period
only warmth is required, which is furnished
either by the mother hen or must be afforded
by a warm cloth, in case of the necessity of
awaiting the hatching of the rest of the brood.
The food first given can be varied, but must
be made up of ingredients containing large
quantities of nitrogen, as this is required for the
formation of the tissues. It is necessary, in fact
that the food should be composed of matter
resembling in character an egg, together with
milk. It is customary to mix with the food
eggs, milk, and the blood of earth-worms,
field-worms, and that of a commoner variety of
fish: also to produce, for the formation of
bone, certain quantities of phosphate of lime,
found in grain and flour. In the early days
flout is generally given on account of the fac-
ility of its digestion, grain being substituted
as the birds begin to gain strength. Wheat-
flour is generally used. The grain given is
wheat, rice, millet, buckwheat and Indian corn,
raw or cooked. Cooked potatoes are also given
as a change of diet. It is customary to vary
the grain diet as much as possible, and to ad-
minister it mixed. The food ordinarily employ-
ed is made up as follows. Hard-boiled eggs and
wheat flour are mixed in milk, a little water
being added. To this paste is added a small
onion finely cut up, together with lettuce when
green food is scarce. The mixture is usually
quite stiff, as food which is too moist is con-
sidered harmful for the young brood. After the
first few days a small quantity of whole grain is
mixed into the paste, but if rapid development
is desired, the simple paste should be continued
alone. Great care is taken to keep the young
brood in a dry, warm locality, which orecau-
tion, together with the proper food, prevents
inflammation of the intestines, and similar
troubles. As a rule the birds are cooped up on
wet days, and allowed to run about as much
as possible only in fine sunny weather. In win-
ter a more generous diet is given to enable
them to withstand the cold. The daily ration of
grain for the fowls is from 2 1-2 to 4 ounces.
*
EX-GOVERNOR OF MISSISSIPPI
TESTIFIES TO THE MERITS OF
SLOAN'S LINIMENT.
Jackson, Miss., May 5, 1900.
Dr. Earl Sloan, Boston, Mass.,
Dear Sir:--Some months since your
traveling agent, Col. J. L. Collins,
presented to me a few sample bottles
of your liniment, insisting that I give
It a fair trial when occasion might de.
mand. Since that time several instan-
ces with tenants on my plantation re-
quiring a remedy of this kind turned
up, and must say with candor it act-
ed like a charm and was perfectly
marvelous in its effects. I am sure that
it is a remedy that fully merits all that
is claimed for it, and I cheerfully re-
commend It to all people suffering with
any complaint requiring antiseptic.
(Signed) Robert Lowry,
Ex-Governor of Mississippi.


I-RA I U .


HENS' TEETH on, s.a.
To properly digest its food the fowl
must have grit. What teeth are to the
human being grit is to the fowL We
can now furnish ground oyster shells,
from freshly opened oysters, from
which all the dust and dirt has been
screened, to supply this grit which IV
lacking in nearly all parts of Flora.
Goods very inferior to ours and full
of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer it at
100 Ib bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
B. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville.
Fla.
Manufacturers of High Grade Fer.
tilizers and dealers in all kinds of er.-
tilizing Materials.

Orange and Kum Quat
Nursery Stock.
Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
table. Also a general line of Fruit
Trees, Roses, Shrubs, etc. Prices
low. Freight paid.
SUMMIT NURSERIES,
D. L. Pierson, Prop.,
MontIcello, PFh.

TOBACCO DUST.
If your fowls are troubled with lice
or Jiggers, send $1.25 and get 100
pounds of tobacco dust and sprinkle
it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
anteed to be unleashed. Send 2 cent
tamp for sample.-E. O. Painter & 0C.,
Jacksonville, Fla.

FOR SALE
AT A

Special Bargain
ON EASY TERMS.
Several fine bearing orange and
grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
vestment this year.

Lyle & Co., ..Bartow Fn.



llttt i jI1111 tUi
ISl'T TIAT ABOUT RIiRT?
Swire., Inches high, for a Hogc.nie Or l2sae
WU&. 9 wires 30 Inches hih Th PAGi
PAgg WOVEN WIBK YVNCKCO., ARIA,MICUr.


For
Fruit Crowers
FEIMILIZERS
n.. viate iPotash 8 1 tsh
Acid Phosphate and ii
.FUNIICIDES
Ammonia Sulphate Opper, Bordila
tastens.
ISECTICIDEU
Asenoate Lime. Pari Green. Assiait
Lead. What Oil Boas { erooene enul-
sion.
Send for prices. EsXtbt*"e4d s1mr.
W. S. POWELL & O.,
Baaltmore, M.



?A66644
aemt moed in to w t ownH
ImUSEAS' ULigl EXRACIT W U .
ni .Ka amUm I nssia .mi.
R = iLJLaV1L&=01-


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 107


I








108 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


AUNT OCTAVIA'S FIRST
RIDE.
We .weren't really a bicycle club, of
course; there were only six riders in
our village-hardly enough to be dig-
nified by the title of "club." But we
had a habit of meeting at the Frank-
lins'. house before every ride, and of
resting there on our return ere we
scattered to our own homes. There
were several reasons for our making
the Franklins' house our headquarters.
For one thing. Kate and Mary Franklin
had been the first people in town to
take up riding; so it was natural that
when the rest of us began we should
drop in at the Franklins for advice
and help. Besides this the Franklins
had an ideal piazza-just the place
for tired riders to rest and chat-and
Mrs. Franklin made the most delicious
lemonade. Thus it came about that
almost any fair day you might see
half the bicycles in town, that
is, two or three, leaning against the
Franklins' fence, or the maples on
their lawn.
One splendid afternoon in May, Jack
Emerson, the only masculine member
of our little fraternity, and I-had been
riding somewhat aimlessly about, when
we found ourselves at the head of the
Franklins' street.
"Let's ride down and see whether
the girls have got hone from their va-
cation," Jack suggested.
I assented; and in a few minutes we
had leaned our wheels in their famil-
iar resting places on the Franklins'
lawn, and Jack was ringing the door-
bell vigorously. No one answered his
summons.
"It's no use." lie said, with a final
pull, "there's nobody at home, that's
sure."
So saying lie came and sat down be-
side me od the top step. Before we
had decided how to amuse ourselves
for the rest of the afternoon Jack
leaked up from his scet with his favor-
ite exclamation, and pointed excitedly
down the road.
"Holy c'at" lie cried. "who can that
le?"
I looked where he was pointing, to a
spot some distance away where the
road was visible among the trees, and
saw a neat little figure with short
skirts and a crimson waist spinning
along toward us on a shining bicycle.
In a minute site was hidden by the
trees again, and we fell to wondering
who she could be. Whleln there are
only six riders in town. a new one un-
expectedly appearing on tlih scene is
onund to cause solile xcitellleut.
"-1le isn't big eoughli to Ihe minily
Jones." mt1used .lack.
'No. atnd Slue ('anbell never wears
red: you know how it swears a:t hler
hair.
"She's al mun tlie right size for either
of the Franklin girls."
"True, but Kate ;lnd Mary always
ride that tandem of theirs; don't you
remember that just before they went
away they were mourning because they
couldn't afford to sell it and buy a
bicycle apiece?"
"Perhaps they have." said Jack.
Just then the object of our discus-
sion flashed into sight, turned up the
drive with a swing. and dismounted
neatly before us. It was Mory Frank-
fln.
"Is it yours? Whiere'd you get it?"
said Jack. helping lur .with heg r bicy-
c(le.
"Of course it's mine. M. Impertin-
ence." slapping lini playfully with her
glove. "And if you'll keep still half s
minute. perhaps I'll tell you how I
got it."
Jack came meekly back to his seat
on the steps: and when Mary had
kissed me (.l:ick watching enviously)
she began her story.
"Mother and Kate anmd I, as you
know have been visiting mother's aunt,
Miss Octavia Simpkins-isn't that a
dreadful name?-in the quietest, most
deserted little country town you ever
saw. This place is a city compared
with it. Just imagine it-the station
five miles away. and the stage coming
only twice a da:y. The stage driver
tosses out tile inail for the whole town
.-eight or ten letters, sometimes-to


the first inhabitant he happens to see,
who is always glad to have the excite-
ment of distributing it.
"But such dreadful rides-you know
Kate and I took our tandem. Narrow
little foot-paths, smooth as a floor,
winding along beside the sandy roads,
under spreading pine branches. Kate
and I used to ride to the station just
for the fun of beating the stage back
with the mail for our village, until
Aunt Octavia got an idea that it wasn't
proper. Then. of course, we stopped;
for Aunt Octavia has been ever so good
to us. and we wouldn't do anything to
offend her.
When we'd been there about a week
Kate sprained her ankle trying to reach
some apple blossoms from a rickety
stone wall; and then I didn't do any
riding at all. That's the bother with
a tandem. So for a few days it was
very quiet; we just loafed in ham-
mocks and read books-Kate nursing
lher ankle all the time.
"But one afternoon-it was just three
days ago-we had a great excitement.
A boy came riding up from the city
with a telegram for Aunt Octavia. We
all stood round her as she opened It
with trembling fingers. It was from
her lawyer, telling her to come to
Boston that very day, on some busi-
ness connected with her sister's estate,
I think. Poor Aunt Octavia was near-
ly wild. It was then after four o'clock
and the last train went at five-the
station you remember was five miles
away. The only horse in the village
was sick, there was no time to go any-
where else for another, even if we had
known of another, and the telegraph
boy. who mIiglt have been of some as-
sistance, a was a lile away by that time,
"'Aunt Octavia kept twisting the yel-
low paper nervously in her fingers, and
pa-cilg quickly up and down the room.
"' *'liat shall I do?' she kept saying,
*I'dt give a hundred dollars to catch that
train--I must catch it!'
"J.ust then an idea came to me. I
would take Aunt Octavia to the station
onil tile tandem.
"'Hlurry and get ready- mother, you
hell( her: we( canl get to the station ill
time see if we don't!' I cried.
"Then I ran out to the woodshed
1and trundled the tandem out before
tile house just as Aunt Octavia got to
tlhe front door. I had on my bicycle
skirt alnd a suitable hat, for comfort;
so there was no time lost in dressing.
Auntit's face was a study when she
aw t t tae ndemI awaiting her.
"'W1hat: mei on that thing?' she
gasi)ed.
It's tlUe only way.' I answered.
"Afier a Inollelnt's hesitation Aunt
tctavia .ailne timidly iup to the ma-
chine. aind1 allowed mother to help her
intol tlle front seat. and tuck her feet
1', on tlhe coasters, while I stood be-
hind iher leadly to llount.
"' Now alntie,' sllid I. 'leanl tile way
you feel tlie bicycle tipping, leave the
steering :ll to 'le and don't be scared.'
"With that I mounted and started
carefully along tile level road. Auntie
halved so beautifully that I gradual-
ly tot on more seed. until we were
going at a really good rate. Luckily
there were no considerable hills in our
way. so I felt sure of reaching the sta-
tion on time.ll.
"It was fnll to watch Aunt Octavia,
She soon got over the scare that our
first spurt of speel hall given her and
lteg'Il taking dee1) breaths as though
she enjoyed the motion. Her little
gray curls flew back all around my
face. and by1 leaning out a bit I could
Sseet a lively color in her cheeks. We
neither of us said a word during the
whole five miles; but when we got
to tile station. several minutes ahead
of tile trail. and I helped auntie to
dismlount. she surprised me by throw-
ing her arms about my neck and ex-
claiming.-
'It was delicious, dear; I haven't
11ad such a good time since I was a
girl.'
"I waited until the train came and
auntie got in: and then rode slowly
back home. Mother and Kate, of
course were worried for fear some-
thing hi:td h:apllt'ned to auntie oil our
ride. an1d were glad enough to have
tme get home with good news.


SLOAN'S LINIMENT

THE BEST ANTISEPTIC USED,
AND

THE GREAT FRIEND TO MAN OR BEAST.
Pene rates Quick, Stop. Pain at Once.

EHEUI[r]iSO CRb1P WILL HOT SAYT.


Family Size... ........................ ...... 25
Horse Sizes.............. ......... oc and.8,.oo

Sloan's Pinkeye Fever and Distemper Cure.
SAVES YOUR HORSES AND MULES-IS SURE CURE.
For Acclimating Green Horses and allHorse Fevers. Cures Inflam-
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Boo and $1 per Bottle..



SLOAN'S



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Stops Pa'r Irtstartly. No Dro enhirs.
26 doses and good glass syringe in package $i.oo.


Warranted .to cure if taken in time or money refunded.
Sold and guaranteed by all druggists and dealers.


PRBPARBD BY


OR~ EDTiL


BOSTON,


S. SLQC)ANj


P'orwi~rly' of BS. ola i, Ied.

M- ASS. V. S. A.


TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.

ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
FOLIATA.
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FRUITLAND NURSERIES. P. J. BERCKMANS CO, Aua. G..
eA Established 1856.01.


FOR SUMMER AND FALL
STHE PLANTING.

THE GRIFFIN BROTHER'S CO.,
SJacks vllle, Fla.

THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Co' plete -t-ck of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
ana sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
application. Address
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE ORIFFINO BROTHER'S CO..
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... JacdmovUle, Fil.











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. too


"Well, the next day auntie came gether, forming a sort of table. One
back on the afternoon stage. She had man does this work while another,
transacted her business satisfactorily, wth a sharp knife follows cutting
and was glad to get hime, she said, off the "brush" or broom part of the
where she could hear herself think. stalks and placing them with the butts
The first thing she did after taking her one way upon the "table" formed as
things off was to sit down at her desk described. The breaking down of the
and write a few lines in a long nar- corn is done because the cutter could
row book. Then she tore out the page not otherwise very easily get at the
and handed it to me. It was a check brush.
in my name for a hundred dollars. After cutting a wagon follows and
"'Why auntie!' I cried. 'What is this "o it the brush is loaded, two men
for?' doing this work. The wagon box is
"'Didn't. say I'd give a hundred dol- made especially for the purpose, being
lars to catch that train?' she answered so arranged as to work on rollers on
with a laugh. the running gear of the wagon. This
"Then she wrote another check and admits of rolling the bed backward un-
gave it to Kate, who nearly fainted. til the rear end strikes the ground,
Take it dear,' said Aunt Octavia, 'you lwhl'Iereupo the load is removed in its
know I always have to give you girls compact form-a sort of cord or
just the same things to keep you from square pile. From the pile it is intro-
quarreling.' Then she turned to moth- 1duced into a thresher, which takes out
er and began telling her how we had the seed, leavnig the brush ready for
caught the train, while Kate and I just storing in tile drying sheds. The brush
hugged one another for joy--" is cut so that the stems are about six
"And came straightway to Boston." inches long, making the entire length
put in Jack, 'and bought two-blcy- 'bo'ut two feet. When threshed the
cles!" brush goes into the sheds, and under-
"Precisely," said Mary. "And here goes i drying process for ten days,
somes Kate now." when it is ready for baling.
As she spoke a second wheel turned By "leans of a baler made particu.
into the drive, and Kate stood breath- larly for broom corn, fqrty-five or fifty
less and laughing before us. balesl of three hundred pounds each,
"Has Mary told you all the fun?" she Itny, by a force of five men, be baled
asked as she greeted us. daily. The baler is worked by horse
"Yes." or lmule. The thresher is run by an
"But you don't know the best of it," engine-a gasoline engine would do the
Kate went on. "After Mary and I went work nicely. The seed threshed from
to bed that night Aunt Octavia asked the brush is used by many as chicken
mother if she thought we could leave feed but it has little general utility.
the tandem at her house awhile, for The vast lot of fodder remaining in the
-what do you suppose? Because she fields after the crop has been harvest.
and Hiram, the hired man, are going ed makes splendid forage for all kinds
to learn to ride.-Waverley Magazine. of live stock, and where there is a sec-
l a ond growth, which is very generally
Broom Corn Culture. true of early harvested fields, the suc-
Your readers have doubtless heard of culent feed afforded is a very good one.
Yor readers have doubtlesseard of if it is ot utilized for forage, and it
the broomcorn farms of Illinois, is desirable to use the land the next
which bring their owners such hand- year for tile same crop, tihe fodder may
some profits. The fact that broom corn Iw dragged down with a heavy roller
may Ib grown more generally in the a m r wind is "right," burned clean and
state would seem to warrant a few clear, leaving tile ground perfectly free
hints regarding its culture and hand- from all pieces of stalks, etc.
ling. It recently was my privilege to When ready to harvest, broom corn
visit in central Illinois, a broom corn very Iluchl resembles sugar cane. It
farm consisting of 105 acres. The crop Is similar habits of growth, and at a
was being harvested at the time I saw distance is likely to deceive the unin.
the farm, and I was thus able to get itiated. Illinois is the largest producer
from the owner considerable informa- of the crop, and the area devoted to
tion regarding the process, being it has largely increased in the past
shown by practical illustrations right two years, during which the price for
in the field, the product has been unusually high.
The corn was planted from the mid- The grower whose crop I have men-
e of May until the middle of Jne, tione will realize a clear profit of
there being two plantings made-one $1.1)< to $2.40 from his 105 acres, the
of about fifty acres in May and anoth- yield wing about a ton to every three
er of about that area in June. The rea- acres. lhe price per ton is from $60 to
son for this is that the crop was too $41 and it is thought $100 may be had
large, if matured at the same time, for by waiting a few months. But now
the grower with small facilities to there is a "corner on the market," and
handle. The difference in the plant- the good prices quoted are by no means
ing of course, made a similar differ- permanent. The advice of all growers
ence in the time for harvesting, which of the crop is to be careful, experiment
was done ninety days after planting. lightly with it, and weigh well market
A bushel (45 pounds), of seed will drill qulotations before engaging in the pro.
eighteen acres. duction of the brush on an extensive
An ordinary two-horse corn planter scale. The growers do not seem to
or check-rower is used for drilling the tlink tile high prices w,' be stable,
seed, plates being used to distribute but expect a very material decline
the same uniformly. After the corn sooner or later. This being true, it is
germinates and appears above the sur- probable that broom corn growing may
face, it is given a harrowing which is offer no better inducements than other
followed by two cultivatings with com- crops for which there is a wider de-
mon cultivators, small tongues or shove. mand.- Country Gentleman.
els being used. These plowings are *
given about ten days apart. The grow- -When Drying Off a Cow.
er thought he would have obtained In drying off a cow, the animal
more satisfactory results had he plow- should be put upon rather dry food
ed the crop three times; but from the and the quantity of milk withdrawn
looks of the field, think the two plow- at each Ieal should be gradually less-
Ings kept down weeds pretty well. In cued-in other words, a little milk
the opinion of several broom corn 5 shouldl always be left behind in the ud-
the opinion of several broom corn
growers with whom I have talked, it Idr. After a few days only as much
Is well to give the crop good tillage, shouall ie withdrawn as is found neces-
thus insuring a vigorous growth of sary in order to relieve the anintal of
the many weak and small stalks found an uncomfortable pressure of the milk
among the larger andstronger ones, glands. In addition o o this tle cow
that made severe competition for "shou"l le given about half an ounce of
plant food and moisture. powdered alum in drinking water twice
The crop is ready to harvest when daily, and the udder should be rubbed
the seed turns reddish-brown. No time with an ointment consisting of one
should be lost, but the crop should be 'Irain of belladonna extract to an ounce
harvested with dispatch and placed in of lard.-Rural Home.
the drying sheds as soon thereafter as
possible. The harvesting proceeds It is a wise precaution to buy garden
about as follows. Two rows of the corn seeds early. You don't have to plant
are broken or rather bent down to. them until you get ready.


- - - - - - - - - - -

3jjWNGCHESTE
4


I FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS

S" Im Rral,"" Leader," a F Repeae r"

4 tsit upon having them, take no others and you will get the best shells that money can buy.
ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
- v. v. --- - - - - v- - -a----



$4.00 for $2.00!!
Seed von:must have to make a garden, and the AGRICULTURIIT you should have to be a
successful gardner. You can get them both at the price o0 one. Send us one new suberiber
and $2 and we willsend;you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue ol

GRIFFIN BROTHERS.
Beans, Extra Early Red Valen- Egg Plant, Grifing's Improved
tine.................. 10 Thornless.. .......... .10
New Stringless Green Lettuce, Big Boston.......... .5
Pod............ ...... 10 Onions, Red Bermuda........... .10
Dwarf German Black Griffing's White Wax.....10
Wax............... .10 Peas, Alaska.................10
Burpees Large Bush Li- Champion of England.... .10
ma.. .................10 Peppers, Long Cayenue.......... 5
Beets. Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5 Ruby King.......... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur- Radishes, Wonderful .......... .5
nip...... .... .. .......5 Griffing's Early Scar-
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey let.. ................. ..-5
Wakefield .. .......... .5 Earley Scarlet Erfurt.... .5
Early Summer.......... .5 Tomatoes, Beauty.. ...... .... .
Griffing's Succession .... .5 Money Maker........ .. .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10 Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.. .. .5
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.... 10 Pomeranian White Globe
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5 ...... ............. 5
Long Green Turkish.. .. .5 Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede.... .
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.


5-

6 XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Given as a Premium for One New Subscriber.


Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate. Address,

FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Jacksonville ,Fla.


SEEDS


-- Ferrya's aeeds
wnornthe country ove a
the meet reliable Seeds tha
Tan be bough Dont save a
U.c M on :heap s e dd A losta
dollar on the bar :~
1901 Seed Annual frea.
D. 0. FEB" A 00O..






OPIUMCOCAINE-DWHISKY1
rlrbar moIty. Book on
Roo Treatmnt Pnt FRICI Addres
a. MI. V4001 11- D.. Atlanta, 0-


THE SUPERIOR FENCE MACHINE
I is made of steel
and nickle-plated.
It's strong and
durable. You can
build any kind of farm fence with it
to fit the ground. You can build 40 to
46 rods a day, at less than half the
cost of any ready-made fence. Cata-
Iogiie free. Price $4.75, charges pre-
paid. Superior Fence Machine Co.,
1S-i Grand River Ave.. Detroit, Mich.
Good agents wanted.


40 Acres for $40 of orange
apple and vegetable land. Write now
for terms. CLARK D. KNAPP,
Avon Park, Fla.

Old books bound at this office.









110 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
Miss Gushy-Mr. Tips is so imput- In every town
sive. He carries everything before him. and vi
Miss Gabby-Yes, of course he does, and village
he used to be a waiter, may be had
The Bachelor-Single blessedness is a the
good thing!
The Benedict-Well, isn't double
blessedness twice as good?
"Miss Anteek seems very much in- ica
terested in that homely old musician."
"Yes. She heard he made overtures
quite frequently."-Philadelphia Press. A xle
"And was my present a surprise to
your sister, Johnny?" G ea s -F
"You bet. She said she never sus- rease
pected you'd give her anything so ,SAVANNAH LINE"
cheap."-Tit-Bits. M.e that makes your
Saunderstand, sir, that you referred ",, horses glad. LA A N D
to me as a dog." BY L N '
"No, sir. You are mistaken. I con-
aider a dog man's truest and most
faithful friend."-Tit-Bits. BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
"Tommy," said his uncle, can you tell or use in granaries to kill weevil, to de-
"Tommy" stroy rats and gophers and to keep In FROM
me why the enemies of poor St. Se- sects from the seed. etc.
bastian shot him full of arrows?" 2o CENTS PER POUND,
"I reckon 'twas 'cause they didn't ut up in ten and fifteen pound cans FLORIDA TO NEW YOR
have no guns," replied Tommy. Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Jacksoavle. BOSTON AND THE EAST.
Inadvertently Pleasant-"I didn't
know it was to be a comic opera."
"Well, you knew it was to be an deliver before the club that evening.
Wel, yo a"Now. Henrietta," exclaimed Mr. SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
opera given by an amateur company, ktoi" I thought I had attended
didn't you?"-Chicago Record. tko Thence via Palatial Bxpres Steamship. sailing from Savannah. Four ships oech'week
to everything. I bolted the basement to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or Sound. Lines
Johnny--Paw, what do they mean door, and put the cat out, and covered All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing shedul. s. Write lor
when they say a mal takes things the fire in the stove with ashes; but general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
easy ?" to tell you the truth, I didn't know we W. H. MLEASANTS, Gen. Frt. & Pasm. Agt, WALTER HAWKINS, Gen. Agt.
Paw-That he is either a philoso. I had the flag out. I'll go right up on New Pier 35 North River. NewYork. 224 W. Bay St.. Jacksonville, Pla
pher, a kodak fiend, or a kleptomaniac, the roof and attend to it at once."-
N_ Washington Star.
Mrs. Bingo-That's just like a man.
Bingo-"What have I done now?" "Johnny." queried the teacher of the
Mrs. Bingo-I spent a day making new pupil. "do you know your alpha-
that pillow and now you've put your bet?"
head on it."-Harper's Bazar. "Yes'm." answered Johnny. The Great Througo Car Line From Florida.
"Well. then. "continued the teacher,
"When we're married, dear, you "what letter comes after A?"
won't be always threatening to go "All the rest of them," was the tri- CONNECTIONS.
home to your mother, will you?" uniplmnt reply. NTI N .
"No, I'll threaten to have mother *
come and live with us."-Chicago Rec- $100 REWARD $100 TH ATLATIC COAST LIE, viCharl
ord. The readers of this paper will be T ALA C L
d p w t o yu carry pleased to learn that there Is at least To The Richmond.and.Wasbington.
She-And pray, what do you carry one dreaded disease that science has
that book with you for? been abe to cure n a its stages, and THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannahl. C .
H Oh, that is a book in which I that is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure lumbia and Washington.
Just jot down my thoughts, you see. is on posite cure known to the a lln Ball
She-Isn't It rather large for that ony posiye cure known o the vi All mal
he- tt rather large for that medical fraternity. Catarrh being a
purpose? constitutional disease, requires a con- TT The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
Keedick--"Young Browne added e to stitutional treatment Hall's Catarrh
his name after lie inherited his uncle's Cure is taken Internally, acting direct- The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
big fotne." iy upon the blood and mucous surfaces To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevi;i
Fosdick-"That's quite right. Rich of the system, thereby destroying theThe Mobile Ohio R. R via Montgomery.
people are entitled to more ease than foundation of the disease, and giving The Mobile & Ohio R. R via Montgomery.
poorpeople."-Hrlem ife. n the patient strength by building up the
constitution and assisting nature in do- Vh
"I thought she was going to marry ing its work. The proprietors have so Via S h and Ocean Steamship Co or New
old Gotrox?" much faith in its curative powers, that York, Philadelphia and Boston.
"She was, but she broke the engage- they offer One Hundred Dollars for To The
meant" any case that it fails to cure. Send for Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporia
"What for?" list of testimonials. Address,
"When she accepted him he told her F. C. Cheney & Co., Toledo, 0. tion Company for Baltimore.
she had put new life into him." Sold by druggists, 75 e. via steamship
Hall's Family Pills are the best. To a IIrCOT
Nell-I received a letter from Maud bet. To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
to-day, and I'm just sure there was Seeds That Surely Grow. AND
something she wanted to tell me and The cost of seeds compared with the HAVANA STEAflSHIP CO.
forgot. value of the crop is so small that a
Belle-What makes you think so? few cents saved by buying second-rate NOVA SCOTIA,
Nell-Why, there wasn't a single seeds will amount to many dollars lost APVia Bosto and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PIANT
postcript. when the harvest is gathered. Farmers STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkeebur)
-have found out by many costly fail- PRINCE EDWARDS and harlottetown.
Prince Ching-But are you not wor- ures what a risky thing it is to buy ISLAND...
ruled over the prospect of severe pun- seeds without being pretty sure that
ishment after the foreign envoys de- they are reliable and true to name. *
cide what they want? The latest catalogue of the seed house W int r T tourist TI
Prince Tuan-No. Our children will of D. M. Ferry & Co., of Detroit, Mich., i t lI e s
be dying of old age before the prelim- is a reminder that thousands of farm.
Inary negotiations are completed. ers in the United States and Canada Will be on sale throughout the NORTHERN, EASTERN, WESTERN AND
have pinned their faith to the reputa- SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
"My wife," said Mr. Snickers, "is a tion of this great firm. During a busi. during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st with liberal stop
truly remarkable woman." ness career approaching half a centu over privileges in Florida*
yness anreerapproaching half a century ADDRESS8 OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
"We all know that" we said. "But in time, Ferry's seeds have won an be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
doyou wish to specify?" annual increase in popularity, which is VERTISING MATTER.
"Yes, sir. She wrote and sold a story perhaps the best evidence that they
the other day, and she spent only once grow and give satisfaction. Ferry's
the money she expected to receive for Seed Annual for 1901 is a useful guide For Information as to rates, sleeplng-c ar services. reservations. etc., write to
It."-Harper's Bazaar. in selecting seeds for the farm, the F. M. JOLLY, Div Ision Passenger Agent.
truck garden and the flower garden. !3s West Bay Street, Aster Ilock, Jacksoevllle, Florida.
"Who will haul down the flag?" ex- It is sent free on application. W. B. DENHAM, B. W. WRENN,
claimed Mr. Meekton's wife, who was Gen. *ept. Pas. Traie Mng'r.
rehearsing a speech which she was to Can't yeu win one of our premllnum BAVANNAH, G3O1OlIA.








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. iii


I ITTATA" A

Duck shooting on Lake Harris is
fording great sport to our local hu
ers at this time. Frank Stucky, gul,
knows where they are and how to I
them and he is much sought after
the uninitiated.-Leesburg Commerci
Florida Is the state were one c
enjoy eating green vegetables all 1
year, and If anybody wishes proof
this assertion they should visit Sevil
and observe the gardens of Lake LI
Ise, and there they will see acres
gardens, which grow now potatoes, 4
ions, cabbages, turnips, lettuce, celt
and various other vegetables. Some
the truck gardens have cleared
much as $200 on one acre, besides wl
was used for home consumption.-I
change.
On Saturday several of the tcrkek
of Dade county met in the courthot
for the purpose of forming a fare
association. The meeting was called
order by R. H. Burr of Little Rlv
who stated the object of the meetil
A. A. Boggs was elected chairman
After discussing the subject at sow
length, It was deemed best to form
permanent organization, and the I
lowing officers were elected: ThomaF
Peters, president; J. S. Pardue, vi
president; A. A. Boggs, secretary, e
Cullen Pence, treasurer. After the i
pointment of sevei'al committees, 1
convention adjourned to meet at 1
call of the president.-Times-Uni
and Citizen.
The St. Petersburg Fruit and Vei
table exhibit opened under auspcik
circumstances. The spacious exhi
tlon rooms are crowded with fine d
plays of semi-tropical fruits and otl
productions of the section. A l
line of tables, extending from the fr1
to the rear of one of the rooms, c
tains an attractive show of sponl
from the Tarpon Springs sponge fi;
series, which elicit surprise and adn
action from visitors at its extent a
variety. Choice oranges and other <
rus fruits in huge pyramids and el'
ters form another pretty feature of I
show. The woman's department is v4
complete and beautiful, and occup
the entire side of one of the spacik
rooms in the Strowger block, who
the exhibit is being held.-Ex.
For the gratification of our lady re;
era we give a description of the c
tumes in which *the fair lady of <
governor charmed the eyes of our Ti
ahassee friends on Tuesday last. '1
Inauguration gown was a dove-col
ed silk poplin, elegantly trimmed w
lace made of Brussels point lace three
No. 1000 by the fair fingers of 1
wearer. The evening dress worn at 1
Inaugural ball was an exquisite wh
crepe-de-chene brocaded in a chrysi
themum design and trimmed w
point lace in a different patter, a
executed by Mrs. Jennings. The p
pie of Florida must acknowledge tl
they have not only elevated to the m
prominent position in their gift a g
tieman in every way worthy of th
trust, but that his helpmate is a vel
able Penelope in ingenuity, Indusi
and charming personality. Brooksvi
Is proud of them both.-Brooksv.
Star Register.
On Sunday afternoon we drove o'
the 80 acres of fine growing truck, J
outside the north corporation line
Leesburg, with Mr. Akin Stivent
who has thirty acres in lettuce, c
bage and cauliflower ready to st
and all the land planted to canteloul
and cucumbers to come on when th
are gone. The growers in this plat
ground are Akin Stivender, J. F. Re
age, J. J. Kennedy, (eo. M. and J
A. Lee, Hanson Bros. and C. L. M
ter. The crops are all very fine, l
being gathered and shipped and 1
returns have been very good to da
These farms are kept like garde
The land is the best in the coun
and produced beautiful and bounti
crops. The indications now are tl
many thousands of dollars will co
to the growers this year as a rewl
for their energy, care and money
ended in cultivating this fine tract
land.-Leesburg Commercial.
Caunt you win one of our premliu


1o.1o o e. 4 o.1 No,81
eVho
T6p 4oop s80p 2ui
i0. ,I, L. ev a (kil).

lob ar.
A. 0. L. aitS (D ).
Mtoaons show ana onlryes




this tra Anlnjtem'
s. s 0. oy. fet rmle i Bt


trie.na eo dramt
Ch. t to hich -t Dmg
ekethto a to lat roal.r IhmO
XIo. NwItt P ar.) Oallry. ] o
g o Cn .o la .


M ;2Ctt o1*s Li.a'
Oow potd to Augutine
e exclusively of Pullman
No. 37, N York and florida OW

via Atlantic Coast Line.
pod seld exclusively of




?'37,on whToa no eril
ls. 3n. lo a a Netrepoll
Liit(tt Daly).
Nwr York to .St. Augustine
via Seboarld Air Line. Cor-
Sexclusively of Pullman
Ir yosehoperated on
th train on which no extra
or Pullman fre is hred.
so. 3. eNa O FgIdia LiV -
Ulted (fafly).
Chicago to St. Augustine
via vsasville. Nashville and
Montgomery. Composed ex-
eluslvely of Pullman Cark.
SDay-Ccoah operated on this
train on which no extra or
Pullman fare i. oharred.


FLORIDA EAST COAST RY.


Time Table No. 80. Is Bffeet Jan. 28, 1901.
0" JJWL


1l0b 1*




....... ..
U',U


a 37s, 8 lop



li'li 4 41)
la an 8 4
355s, 5 06p
6 116...

7 45 710p


(Read Un) NORam BD )


$t0 o.80 No.a N o.T4.
Laiy LatIy MAIN LINS O8UEDUL DaDly

liilpto S Lv ...... Jacksonvle......Ar 700p 7p

. .. ... 7 ....... o n ......... 8lp 1
s np ........ S t ........ 80p" 86pS
. ISI ......... e lbrn e.......... 2 1 7P 4sp


..... 1 ......... OB e l ........... p ......
IftP s2 . .......... Oocon ............ 125p 238p
lop 8Up c....... .oeklede......... 110p 2 25p
tp 1p ........K a ......... 12 1
Slp 4 2p ........ Melbourn...... 12 18p 1 38p
.. 00 ......... oartn .......... ....
6 J04is" 1 3
S p ........ t e .......... ......
S p ........a. Trble a........... l a
ap .......... D o............ l Ta ..
.. ......... o Jeam..........." lOa ..


Bp 816 .Hotel Royal Poinchiua... 825 a 1020a
15p 8pLv ... TheBrt ........" 820 015a
asup 8O4p ".... WmtPalminB mo...... &r 800 95a
...... p ........ oy ton.......... v a ......
41p .. .......... Stub ............ .. 1 Su ......



..... 10a p o"...m.ot uSn ...... 6... ...
.... ...... Le on ilt ........ 8 .....
lllI0PO At ........... Miam ........... 5I0a810


Trasma d4 met stop where time s mnot show.


Xo. 11. 0UMO aad Flo G pesoi
Daily Incept Monday).
hiesaio to Bt. Augustine
via Cincinnati, hattamnooga
and Atlnta. Oompoed ex-
elusively of Pullman Oars.


No. 18. n aad Flordia spew
(Daily Except sunday .
St. Augustine to Chicago
via Atlanta. Chattanooga
and Cincinnati. omposed
exluslvely of Pullman Cas.


a o. NOW. o 44'O.mo.
y Daily Dalyally Oay
ex bu __
12iS 10p12 410p110 05al0 2 10
11 uI l 40 9 0 9 Ilia12
I7. Ewu, av l (ib ).
No. rea locNaglgtoPais-
ries F, 5 0. By. R, meS
lor ar.
go. L, iaw and iaw nsam
(Daill.)
Oomposd exol asl t .
KC By. vestibule DB aetr
lor Cars. Psoeengerm.fr tL
train must provide
selves with P'arlor Car ts
in addition to regular p sag
ticket.
o0. 28, A. C. L. E e (Dl).
Fast Train. Stops i
stations shown and carrie
F 0. By. vestibule Buff
Parlor Cars
No. 8U. Palm BeeasatkflMa
Ulaltfd (Daily.)
Oomooel of F. BCy.
vestibule Buffet Sleepers ad
Day-Coch Takes on sleep
era at Miami and Palm Bech
Stops only at stations s* .
No. 1. ow York and I leata-
St (Daily I t
St. Aastine to NwYok
via Southern Rilway.
posed ecl usively of PuIman
Cars.
o. 3 Ncw York sad flrlds id
ata! (3 ny st 8t dy)
St. Augstlnm to New Xork
via Atlantic eoart Line
Composed excluivly of
Pullman Cars.
No. 44. noridat Uad betit
Limited (alBl).
St. Augustine to w York
via Seaboard Air Line. Cnm-
.d elvcluaivlI of Pullman
r. Day- this train on whioh no ta
or Pullman fare is
No. go. CWowLo u neM l th-
St. Augustine to Chii
via Montgomery. Nuhvi
and Evansville. Omposad a1-
elusively of Pullman lars.
Day-Ooaoh operated on this
train on which no extra or


ASANFORD BRANQ PALATKA BRANCH.
SAl tr e daily except umday. All trains Daily.
No.1 Nol B
7"IGLv.........................TituaUlle .....................A.Ar 7l p I o.8S o.8',No.41No.47|No.4| |INo.4aN<.4iONo.4' o ...................... .. ......... ......... ... S ol i4 s Br aLA.8
Si ..................... .....nT e ..................ly un ..... a Ar......... Sa. 81



y only ex- --- -- No.8 No. I ORANGE CITY BRANCH. No. a.hOi
040p 00p il0p 81 La o. Jyokonvu le Ar e08s 6op __6119 All trains Daily Except Sunday.
S* p 8. a .s. Javt.Lv ...p... 4m tL ..........Nw Smyrn ..........r T
o < | 240p 8 o .As tleoB l 4.1e ..........o:.. [i.....ty ":
altp mp .N. P Sm ,. 1 "......... .....akettL ..a..... ....L"ae . .... vl124pi



Theme TeTa.b ehow8 athie t which ntrai mr m aeex pectd toarrihld and depart rom the veral stations, but their arrival
e departre at the tim a teed nor d the o old it reponbe r y delay r eoq

PENINSULAR AND OCCIDENTAL STEAXSHIP CONNECTION'S AT nIAy L

MIAMI-NASSAU LINE-M. S. MIAMI. MIAMI-HAVANA INE--. S. PRINCE EDWARD.
o....IN.S JAN. U t _. N f (RAILINOS EFFKCTIVN Jan 16:
SAILIN JAN. a to ran. &a Tl HAVANA eave Miami SnndaTys and Wednesday..... 11p
L e ve am M andThrJo le y ......11 2 Arrive Havana Mondays and .ha. .... 8O00
,I Arrive Namn 11 Tu I ays~- aTe ys ... 8P IMa. am and Fri1 ay.. ....:.. mO
NASSAU, I evBa uwedneedaysaneturday .. p I Arrive Miami Wednesdays and atrdays.. 60Il
N.P Arrive Miam Thrmday.andBunday ......Ba MIAMI-KEYV W l IIIK.- -. S. i..ITY OfK KEY WKEST.
SSAILINBB ra5. 4 lo MARCH 81: SAILINGS EFFE(YrIVB Jan. 14:
Bahama i l av e Miami MOn.. Weds. and PQ l.......... O KEY WEST I eave Miami Mons. Weds. and ........11
I A rrive Na nTuet, Thura. andat ....... 0d Arrive Key West Tues., Thus. and Sa te..... 2
Islands. lsve Naeau Tue.. Thnr. and Sate .. ... 80p Florida. I Leave Ke West Tues., Thu. and Sat....... 8
0Arrv, MiNa Weds.. rri... and Suns ..... ... I Arrive Miami Weds. ria. iand a ........ 5p50
SA II.In NS COMMNOINO APBIL 1:
Will be on same daysand hours as or January.


For copy of local time card.address any Agent
J. D. r.AHNEP. A-t. Goe. Paso. Agent.


uDL
of Grapefruit, Tangerine,
ler, Satsuma, Tardiffand
ab Enterprise Seedless.
pes The best commercial citrus fruits.
ese Three kinds on each stock. Well cared
of for past five years. Will soon fruit
im. If protected. 50 or more of such trees
as. for sale. At home place on South
in- Boulevard. DeLand. Fla.
are W. H. HASKELL.
the


ST. AUGUSTINE, FLA.


M ALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.


c


TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
Por polishing, cleaning
or washing oranges
and lemons, without
injury and at slight ex-
pense.
WRIGHT BROS.
# Riverside, Cal.
Phillips & Fuller Co., Tampa, agents
for Florida..


J oemanno Passenger Service.
,F To make close onnee-
FlOrla tlonswith steame .leare
e W Yo 1Jacksonville (Unk de-
pot) Thursdays 10.20 m.
Phila- (9. A. L. By.) or Fer.%,n-
dins 1:30 p. m., via Cum-
lelprhia berland steamer; (meals
lp ia & en route) or "all rail" via

B Dassengers on arrival go-
rom Brunswick direct to ing directly aboardsteam
New York. er
FROPosEl SAIJLING for reb. amd elsb.. 1901.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWIC GA., DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVBXR
IDAY &S FOLLOWS:
8. 8. COLORADO ...... ...................... ...... ..February 15
8. 8. RIO GRANDE .......... ................... .. ..February 22
8. S. COLORADO .. ........... ........................ ...... March 1
8. S. RIO GRANDE......... ........ ...... ........ ..... .. March 8
For lowest rates, reservatons and full information apply to
A. W. PYE. Agent. 220 W. Bay street. Jacksonville, Florida.
J. 8. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
C. H. MALLORY & CO.. General Agents. Pier 21, R., New York.


.-_-


-


A __ s -^ _ I


ea


.. . L-


----- -- ~rs~aaa~a


D Down.)


I


1


PF















Simon Pure Fertilizers
-ARE-



4 Time-Tried and Crop-Tested! 4

Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the



GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.

If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience andihave spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Ammoniates:
SULPHATE AMMONIA,
NITRATE SODA.
DRIED BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BONK,
TANKAGE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL.
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
OABTOR POMACE,


Potashes:
MURIATE POTASH,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH.
KAINIT,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES.
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES.
Phosphoric Acids:
DISSOLVED BONE,
ACID PHOSPHATE.
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK.


Miscellaneous:
SALT,
LIME,
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS,
BLUE STONE,
CAUSTIC SODA.
LAND PLASTER.
WHALE OIL SOAP,
GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON.


OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen
erally.
Tobacco Materials:
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to con
tain all their fertilizing and insecticide
properties.


WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO


E. O. PAINTER & CO.,


= = Jacksonville, Fla.


Grew So Heavy.
R. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville. Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertill-
ser bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucle grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some


others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.

Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
trees for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee, Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.


Beyond Xy Expectation.
B. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L P. P. Pinery, the
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
Very respectfully,
A. M. Spenger.
Osteen, Fla.. Sept. 27. 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-


Ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves In my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford. Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
Ojus, Fla.
E. O. Painter A Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-Please inclose me an-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Soeed.


A High-Grade Fertilizer
----- UST HAVE


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


_____ i11L IDl ATI" BRANDS-----
Hi HAVE THESE. WW~^
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................ $30.00 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... .$27.oo per ton
IDEAL PLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... 28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE.................$3o.oo per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I.................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............ $3o.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER..................... $oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTT .TZER COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
W Tooet Brad Blood aad Bone, S 1800 per teo. Damavaland Guans The Ideal Tobseco Fertller. S44.00 per ta


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


112