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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Of Agvk,)l V Li p Ah
Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Feb. 6,1901.
Irish Potatoes. I tested this matter by experiment and the top of the scion. Put an old barrel
Editor Florida Agriculturist: satisfied myself that the difference was over it to keep it shady, but especially
When practicable, potatoes should be principally attributable to the less num- to keep things off of it, especially
planted on a clover or cowpea eod. It ber of stalks, and that therefore we can fowls.
said crops were properly supplied with produce substantially the same results, Same treatment with a large per-
phosphoric acid and potash when by thinking to one stalk. But a matter simmon tree will meet with success.
needed, the potatoes will not need a of much importance should be more W. H. Haskell.
direct application of fertilizer. When fully tested by experiment 0 0
the clover or pea vines are turned un- From potatoes, In three foot rows,
der they should not be mvwn for hay), eighteen inches apart in the drill, thin- Pineapple Growers' Association.
they will return to the soil the phos- ned to one stalk, I procured from sev- Editor Florida Agriculturist:
phoric acid and potash they may have en stalks a half bushel of potatoes. At the annual meeting of the Indian
drawn therefrom. In addition to this, Two plants that had more than the River and Lake Worth Pineapple
they draw from the air an ample sup- usual distance produced jointly eleven
ply of nitrogen, which will also be re- pounds. From tests made by me and Growers' Association, held at Jensen
turned to the soil, thus providing a others I am sure that the quantity and on the first Wednesday in January, the
complete fertilizer for the potato. quality of the potatoes can be hand- same thing occurred as last year; 1. e.,
The nitrogen thus gathered acts better somely increased by thinning to one no legal quorum of stockholders being
than a direct application of its equiva- stalk. The sprouts pulled off can be represented, no election was held, and
lent in nitrate of soda. producing, as transplanted. I have found such to the old officers will be obligated to
a general thing, potatoes free from yield well. hold over another year. But seventy-
scab or other diseases. Early Potatoes.-It has been found nine of the one hundred and ninety
Nitrogen costs about three times as that if whole seed potatoes be plac- shares being represented, there was a
much per pound as either phosphorie ed on end in boxes of sand in Febru. shortageof seventeen. At the informal
acid or potash, hence the advantage or ary, about one-fourth of the seed ends meeting held by the seventy-nine, the
virtually growing, instead of buying of the potatoes being above the sand, plan of calling a special meeting to al-
this element. The three elements, ni- moistened occasionally witn water and ter the date of the annual election to
trogen, phosphoric acid and potash, transplanted after sprouts have devel- November or December was discussed,
combined in proper proportions, form oped, potatoes can be produced there- and this plan will probably be put into
a complete fertilizer, from a week to ten days earlier and effect before another year, as it is hard
Acid phosphate (known to farmers the yield increased ten per cent. above to secure a quorum the first of the
as acid) is the most convenient for those planted from ordinary storage. year. General Agent Porcher's report
supplying phosphoric acid; muriate or The boxes of sand should be placed in showed that of the summer crop of
sulphate of potash the most convenient a room of rather subdued light having 140,000 crates, about forty thousand
for supplying potash, and nitrate of a temperature of from 50 to 60 de- were sold on the plantation outright
soda the most convenient for supplying grees. It will be well to set the pota- for cash. This is the work of the As-
nitrogen. toes, or pieces on end, the same as sociation, and its object ever since it
The humus formed by the clover or when in the box. was established has been to bring this
cowpeas will serve as a basis for fur- Some persons advise that the pota- about. The average net for the fruit
their fertilizing, and when large re- toes be split endwise and the seed ends sold by the Association up to August
suits are desirable, the clover or pea planted down, claiming that a larger 1st, was $1.73, lowest, $1.30; highest,
sod may be supplemented with a fer- yield can thus be produced, but this is $2.40. This Is a very good showing.
lizer containing 3 per cent nitrogen, very probably attributable to the fact J. B.
Super cent. phosphoric acid, 10 per cent. that fewer sprouts will be produced. a
potash. Apply from 750 to 1,500 This matter can doubtless be better hed is Py 10 Pr
pounds per acre. regulated by thinning, as above set Sdded Pines Pay 10 er Cent
In lieu of the above, the following forth. As a matter of experiment, it Editor Florida Agrieulturist:
materials may be compounded and.may be well to plant a few rows with In September, '98, W. Y. Parks of
used, nitrate of soda, 135 to 270 the seed ends down and note the result. Stuart, planted four and three-fourths
pounds; acid phosphate, 380 to 760 Potatoes in the Middle and Southern acres of red Spanish pines on some old
pounds; sulphate of potash, 170 to 320 States will doubtless yield better when land for Dr. E. A. Capin, a non-resl-
pounds. Sulphate of potash is consid- mulched, and when practicable it dent. He shedded and cared for them
ered best by some, others prefer mu- should be done. The mulch will keep and kept track of every cent of outlay.
rate because it is cheaper. Any far- the ground cool and moist, both of August let, 1900, just $2,823.13 had
mer can find out for himself which is which are desirable for both early and been expended and 1,451 crates had
superior by using both on different late potatoes. Bryan Tyson. been shipped, netting an average of.
parts of the field and comparing re- Carthage, N. C. $2.09 per crate, without the slips, this
suits. makes over $3,000 or more than the
Cutting the Potatoes.-Potatoes of How to Graft or Change an Old Grape entire cost of shed and all and still
large size are preferable for seed. They Vine to Another Variety. the fall crop to hear from. Dr. Cap.
may be split into quarters endwise. Editor Florida Agriculturist: n never saw the place until a yeas
Smaller potatoes may be split into Remove the earth from around the ago, but he had confidence in Mr.
halves. It is best to permit the pota- collar to the depth of four to six inches. Park's judgment, which proved not to
toes to cure a day or two after cutting, Saw the vine off at this point, if its be misplaced. This is more than one
before planting, growth will allow. Now saw into the hundred per cent. in two years with
In one instance, two persons planted edges of the top of the stump, just absolute safety. The same outlay
each a patch of potatoes on adjoining where you wish to put in the scion, would have produced twelve acres of
lands of about the same quality. The Saw deeper on the outside, say three pines without the sheds. With such a
potatoes received substantially the inches down the outside of the stock, mild winter as last or such as we were
same treatment. The potatoes of one in so doing you need not saw through having previous to '96, it would have
parcel were planted immediately after the stump. Into these cuts, put three yielded over two hundred per cent.
cutting. Those of the otner parcel scions, bevel and force them down two profit on the investment in two years
were permitted to cure for several days or three inches. See that the bark of or at the present price of slips, two
after cutting, and as a result became the scion and stock are in union, so the hundred and seventy-five per cent., if
much shrivelled. The freshly cut par. sap of stock can run into the scion and the slips had been sold. It must be
eel produced a great many more plant, form new wood. Now carefully re- remembered that under shed slips are
perhaps double or treble, than th, place the earth around the stock and not produced as freely as in the open.
shrivelled parcel, but the latter pro- scion and be careful not to touch, to John Beach.
dced double the quantity of potatoes, loosen the scion. Pile the earth to West Palm Beneb.
Whole No 1410.
Guaranteed Potato Culture
The farmers of Hastings, St Johns
county, are probably the most success-
ful potato growers in the state. They
do business under an almost perfect
guarantee. The three principal ene-
mies of the crop are frost, drouth and
flood. Against the first, they are, some
of them, measurably insured by their
system of "budding" their seed by ex.
posing it to the light in a room for
several weeks before planting. In a
dark room the sprouts would grow long
and spindling; but in a light room they
grow very slowly, but stout and strong,
able to withstand rough handling.
This does not give them much length,
which would endanger them in hand-
ling, but does give them age, which is
of importance in forwarding the crop,
This budding avoids the danger of
frost, and at the same time brings
along the crop, to a certain extent, as
if it had been planted.
Insurance against the frost is also
provided by the warm artesian water
with which they are able to flood their
Against the drouth the Irrigation wa-
ter is a protection. This being a lat-
woods region, the insurance against
flood is more important, tt- an exce-
sive rain in the fiatwoods, cold and
heavy as the soil Is, would be disas-
trous, producing rot. Against this the
farmers provide by planting in heavy
ridges, as large as those ordinarily
made for sweet potatoes. Thus the
crop is braced in every direction; such
a thing as a crop failure is unknown at
Hastings, and the uniformity of the
yield from year to year is equal to any-
thing recorded of the most carefully
mauagLL u lUrm 01 Um OMllUr BItIlA.
Florida Farmer and Fruit Grower.
The Florida Chautauqua.
DeFunlak Springs, Florida. The
Seventeenth Session.-The Florida
Chautauqua Assembly has announced
a superb program for the coming year.
It enters this year on its seventeenth
season and its steady growth and de-
velopment have been noted with Inter-
est and appreciation not only in Flor-
ida, buf also throughout our beautiful
It is a matter of local pride that out
of fifty children of the great "Mother
Chautauqua" the one located at De.
Funlak is acknowledged the most suc-
It presents the finest list of enter-
tainments ever presented to Western
Florida. It is fitting that the Chau-
tauqua, the first held in the New- Cen-
tury, should contain the best museial
attractions ever given on any plat-
form. .The Saturdays are espeelally
unique, and include the foremost glee
clubs, quartettes and concert compan-
les in the country. The favorite Rog-
ers' Goshen Band, the Vanderbilt Un-
iversity Glee, Banjo and Mandolin
Clubs, consisting of twenty-four mem-
bers; the Chicago Glee Club, the Inter-
state Grand Concert Company, Oriana
Belle Murphy, the sweet soprano of
Georgia; Donna Adair, the popular
- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
singr of Chicago, and many other so.
lolst, nine superb readers. Imperson-
atars and dialect humorists; a fine list
of speakers; the most beautiful Illus-
trated lectures, and unrivalled moving
pictures, make every Saturday worth
a trip to DeFunlak.
Cheap round-trip tickets are Issued
from far and near. and the Saturday
excursions are at the same nominal
rates as previous years.
Send to the President, Secretary or
any DeFunnak friend for a copy of the
detailed program, giving the entire sev-
en weeks' entertainment from Febru-
ary 14 to April 12.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Ptase find a clip of the N. Y. Tri-
buae about wide tires. It should be
put before all good road promoters,
Good roads can never be had in this
sparsely settled country till the only
and real remedy is adopted and it has
to be hammered on for a long time be-
fore the people will see the great ad-
vantage wide tires have over narrow
ones. Please print the clip If you think
it of worth. Yours truly,
N. L. Pierson.
"Many tests have been made to es-
tabllsh the claims in favor of wide
tires as against the narrow ones, and a
few of the results are given as stated
In bulletin No. 12 of the United States
Department of Agriculture by General
Roy Stone. In Utah, at the experiment
station, it was shown that a given'load
on a one and one-half inch tire pulled 40
per cent. heavier than when on an inch
tire. the test being made at the State
University. An ordinary wagon with
a new 3-inch tire was loaded with two
long tons, or 4,480 pounds, and the
draught measured by a dynamometer.
On an ordinary earth road, in good con-
dition and hard, the draught was 254
pounds. On a grass field it was 468
pounds. On a newly ploughed field it
was 771 pounds. As 150 pounds is the
draught of an ordinary horse of 1,000
pounds, two horses could draw this
load with ease on an ordinary road,
and a ton and one-half on a grass sod,
while with a narrow tire one-half as
much, or a single ton, Is a full load
for a double team. Besides this the
.broad tires roll and level a road, so
that the more they are used the better
the .road becomes, while narrow tires
cut ruts, if it is at all soft.
Professor Sanborn, of the Missouri
Agricultural College, tried the same
experiMnt with wagons having tires
of different widths, using a Baldwin
dybomometor. The weight of the load
drawn was 3,066 pounds each. The
tires were one and one-half inches and
three inches, respectively. The tests
made were made on blue grass sod
partially moist. The draught of the
wide tires averaged for level ground
310 pounds. For the narrow tires the
draught was 439 pounds, or 41.6 per
cent. more than the wide tire. Assum-
ing the wagon to weigh 1,000 pounds,
then on the broad tire 3,248 pounds
would be drawn as easily as 2,000
pounds on the narrow tires. Again,
the broad wheels in the trial did not
injure the turf, while the narrow
wheels cut through it.
"Ia irance every freight and market
wagon is a roadmaker. The tires are
from three to ten inches in width, us-
ually from four to six. With the new
four-wheeled vehicles used the tires
are -rarely less than six inches in
width, and the rear axle is about four-
teen inches longer than the fore axle,
so that the rear or hind wheels run
about one inch outside the level rolled
by the front wheis.:
In Germany the rule prescribes that
al. the wagons drawing heavy loads
sqh as coal, brick, earth, stone, etc.,
must have ties at least four Inches
"By carefully noting these regula-
tioW one will see that in the European
counties they have long ago discarded
the an:row tires, much to the advan-
tage of their roads and the saving of
tbhir*o er and vehicle.
W"t wnr be seen, therefore, that the
wldtjr ae not oly lighter In ttir
drMaght than narrow ones under es-
ly all conditions, but they cut up.the
road but very little; in fact, when MId
inches wide they tend to make the road
"The Board of Supervisors of One-
ida county do enact as follows.
"Section 1. Width 9t fires on ve-
hicles.-There shall not be used upon
any highway in this country any ve-
leicle to carry a weight of twenty hun-
dred pounds and upwards of twenty-
five hundred pounds unless the wheels
of said vehicle shall have thereon a
tire of at least three inches in width,
and the wheels of all vehicles built to
carry a weight of upwards of 2,500
pounds shall have thereon a tire of at
least four inches in width.
"Section 2. Penalty-Whoever shall
violate the provisions of this act shall
be liable to a penalty of $5 for each
"Section 3. When to take effect-
This act shall take effect January 1,
Smyrna Figs vs. Adriatic.
The first and most obvious difference
between these two families of figs is,
that the first grow in Smyrna (in Cali-
fornia also, of late); the second, in our
Southern States, and in many other
countries. A more important difference
is that the Smyrna fig is much super-
ior to the other being the standard fig
of commerce. But when it is asserted,
as George C. Roeding of California
does, that the Adriatic figs are not ca-
pable of improvement, that, in our opin-
ion. is going one step too far. True,
they cannot be improved by cross-pol-
lination, for their flowers are mule-
flowers which cannot be pollinated. But
there is nothing that grows but what
can be ameliorated by culture and se-
A brief explanation of the peculiar-
ity of the Smyrna fig will be of inter-
est at this season of the year, when
most of our selections are made for
planting in orchards.
It produces only female flowers, and
will not mature fruit unless these have
been fertilized with the pollen from the
male flowers of the wild or carpri fig.
This fertilization is accomplished by
the fig wasp, blastophoga grassorum,
which is propagated in the gall-figs or
gall-flowers of the wild fig. The male
wasp, which is wingless, is the first to
appear in- the gall. It crawls around
in the gall, Impregnates the females
and then perishes within the fig In
which it was born.
The female, which is winged, en-
larges the opening in the gall made
by the male, crawls through the zone
of male flowers surrounding the ori-
fice of the fig or gall, its body becom-
ing covered with pollen in its outward
passage. It now either enters a gall
or fig of the new crop of capri figs, or,
if the fig containing it has been previ-
ously removed-as the custom is-and
hung up in the branches of a Smyrna
fig tree, it forces its way, losing its
wings in the operation, into the female
fig. his is so constructed that it cannot
deposit its eggs and in the endeavor to
do so it fertilizes the female flowers
within the fig and then perishes, leav-
ing no offspring. All Smyrna figs thus
impregnated produce fertile, seeds
when they mature, which they would
not do unless the wasp had entered
them, but would have aborted and fall-
It is only the Adriatic or mule-flower-
ed family of figs which we have in
Florida; they are self-fertilizing, and
nothing is carried over from one season
to another. But the Smyrna fig has
to be pollinated by the wasp from the
capri tig, and the gall fig (the capri
tree produces male, female and gall
flowers or figs), has to be carried ovet
from one season to the next, hanging
on a tree, as a habitat or hibernating
place for this wasp. For several years
at first in Califoria these figs dropped
off during the winter, which interrupt-
ed the process of perpetuation. It is'
rather doubtful it they would persist
during our Florida winters, especially
the coldest ones.
Our varieties of the Adriatic family
are excelteat to cook fresh or to cai,
but not good for dryljg OpeRrpfgy-a
son, anyhow, Is not favorable for dry-
lug operations; some varieties sour and
split on the trees.-Florida Farmer &
A Profitable Poor Para.
Below we print the detailed state-
ment of the cost and income of the
poor farm for the year 1900, showing a
net balance of over 1,000 turned into
the treasury and available for general
purposes. Should the present season
be a mild one, this year's orange crop
ought to yield a net balance of some-
thing in the neighborhood of $4,000.
This is a very satisfactory solution of
the pauper problem, and one that
might be copied by every county in our
latitude and below us in the citrus belt.
The poor farm was acquired about
eight years agd. At the time of Its pur-
chase the board of county commission-
ers was roundly abused for the new
departure inaugurated by them. The
poor farm became a local political Is-
sue and was a bone of bitten conten-
tion for two or three years. The first
year's balance soon silenced all criti-
cism, and of late years nothing has
been heard but praise for the old
board, whose policy has been so elo-
quently vindicated by subsequent facts
and figures. Money is a great talker.
The auditor's books show the follow-
ing statement of the receipts and ex-
penses of the county poor farm for the
bu0pplies.. .. ...... ....$ 5.20
Wood for grove protection .. .. 54.U0
Commissioner's visits.. ...... 15.00
Surveying boundary........ 5.00
Superintendent's salary.. .... 245.00
Fertilizer.. .............. 174.00
Orange crop.. ..$2,182.40..$2,182.40
The Cold in California.
Confirmation of the news of frost
damage in California has come to this
city in a very convincing way, as
some oranges which were shipped
since the cold weather unquestionably
were frost hurt and some lemons may
be. The former have been so adver-
tised, though some contend they were
injured in transit.
The Fruit Trade Journal printed a
despatch early this month, at the time
of the frost, giving details so far as
then known. The California papers
since have touched upon the subject
very gingerly and it has been almost
impossible to get definite news from
other sources. From whatever section
a report would come It declared that
"our fruit Is not hurt, but so and so's
is." And so the reports went.
Reliable advices indicate that the
Riverside section was hardest hit.
Some authorities say the orange crop
as a whole is injured 15 per cent. to
25 per cent. and lemons in some sec-
tions 30 per cent.
Lemons here so far show no cold ef-
fects, but it is too early to judge final.
ly.-Fruit Trade Journal.
Deep Plowing Xakes Corn.
Riding through Nacoochee valley in
search of health, we saw a field of corn
that was like a field of wheat, the tan-
sels were so thick and level. We stop-
ped and investigated and found that
there were about eight thousand stalks
per acre. The ears were full and
heavy, and many stalks had two ears.
So there was about one hundred bush-
els of corn to the acre. This was be-
fore our eyes, and no doubt of It.
This was the object-lesson. Now for
the results. Our farm had been pro-
ducing only about fifteen bushels per
acre. What caused the difference? It
was evidently a question of water and
plant food. We had been taught that
each stalk must have about twenty
square feet of room. If planted too
close together they would fall to make
ears for want of water.
But here was the contrary. No stalk
seemed to suffer for want of water.
Whereoi did this land differ from ours?
We son concluded that the difference
must be In the depth of the soil. The
BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON
'or use in granaries to kill weevil, tode-
stroy rats and gophers and to keep in
sects from the see. etc.
2o CENTS PER POUND,
ut up In ten and Afteen pound cams
Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E. O. PAINTER & CO., Jackcseovi
Undur 6,000 Oah Dme9M.
i-s4 3a fw eel
The best commercial citrus fruits.
Three kinds on each stock. Well cared
for past five years. Will soon frnlt
if protected. 50 or more of such trees
for sale. At home place on SBoth
Boulevard. DeLand, Fla.
W. H. HASKELL.
DI IM = ..CA REt WHISK.
HNe Tgrmet ,m t farE Addr.
SI. WOOLLv., M. D Aunnt. O
Por polishiou, c eanag
or washing orafces
and trs-ons. without
injury and at slight ex-
H. C. HAR- i CO,
216 W. Forsyth St., bet. Hugan and Julia. Jack-
Manchester Fire Insurance Co.. Norwich Unal
Fire Insurance Society. American Fire Insurance
Co., of N. Y., Indemnity Fire Insurane Co., The
Traders' Insurance Co. of Chicago.
AGENTS IN ALL THE PRINCIPAL TOWNS IN
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
surface area of an acre was the same matter to fix your -pen with a small board; he would probably himself be
In this field as in our own. It must be opening so the pigs can go in and eat ashamed of the rough-looking orange
In tilkWpfetm then. by themselves. This will save you the which he would have enjoyed so great-
Having decided this point we con. sorrow of seeing many of your pigs 11 In his cozy room before a pine-knot
clune4 to try the experiment. We crippled and disfigured by the larger blase, without once thinking how it
plowed thirteen inches deep, manured hogs. There should be kept at all looked.
pretty heavy with compost of lot ma. times plenty of salt, charcoal and ashes How could our homely ruset com-
nure and cotton seed and acid. In do. where the hogs can get it whenever pare in such grand company with the
Ing this we broke through the hard- they like. They should have warm California navel, smg and smirk, with
pan, which was about four inches beds and good shelter, but never be al- its face as bright a a schoolboy's ust
thick and had prevented the earth lowed to lie or sleep in the dust. M washed, and its one big pop-eye open
thick and had prevented the earth lowed to lie or sleep in the dust. My wide to see what was going on? To be
water from rising to the surface and hogs were never bothered with an admitted to that company even the
at the same time prevented the roots disease, and i believe hogs treated as Texas pecans have to be polished like
of the corn from going down into the above will never be troubled from that mahogany, the flour for the bread is
earth as they desired to do. cause.-Dallas News. bolted again and again, the butter, the
We planted a little over four thous- pickles and the tea are colored-even
and stalks per acre and made forty- Toe Orange Situation. if poisoned by it-the coffee is strained
five bushels per acre. This pleased us Our Northern trade exchanges of late and clarified. What chance has a half-
so well that we plowed deep again, have been saying many hard things breed orange, let alone a black one?-
harrowed oftener, and put on 7,000 about Florida oranges. For instance, T.-U. & C.
stalks per acre, and made sixty to sev- "A green, disreputaule-looking Florida s
enty-fve bushels per acre year after has a mighty poor show against a The aki.L
year. sweet, ripe Jamaica or a slick, hand- I had the first samples of this fruit
The corn stood dry spells better than some, even if somewhat immature, ever placed on exhibition in the South-
the old way had done. There was less Calforna." Or this: "The demand is crn States about the year 1873. They
firing of fodder. This was particularly hgnter than usual, and Is lled mostly have come to stay, but to make this
noticeable after we began putting all by California fruit, which, so far, is fruit a plumb" success In the market
the manure broadcast, which we soon better colored than the Floridas, and I think time alone will reveal to us
learned was best has more satisfactory keeping qual- Jt what we will have to make
By the deep plowing we Increased the ities." But the auctions, perhaps, hit ust what we will have to do to make
amount of plant-food which was soln- the hardest blows. Take these alest ay. In the first place, r fruit
ble in water and increased the quantity for instance, from the same auction, dler will have to put on their study-
6f water with which to dissolve it, and same day: "Floridas, 682 boxes, $20 Ing cap and i possible find out some
igretlt increased the depth of the soil 4 3.0o; 362 boxes, California navels, plan to take care of the fruit so it may
In which the corn roots could go h I*i, 5 ( 3.45; budded $l1.L0 ( 2.90; &00 be ripened with them and put on the
search of food and water. While we boxes Floridas, *1.U6 ( 2.80; 61 boxes market at proper time and way, as
greatly increased the number of stalks California navels, $2.70 @ 3.35," etc. this fruit will have to be picked and
per acre we at the same time increase To the unsophisticated Florldian it sent to market when about half ripe.
ed the actual feeding room of each may seem rather unjust to hurl such I have never sent any to market 1
stalk a epithets as these at our fruit. In the have sold mine to outside parties. Be-
stk markets of Jacksonville to-day there fore we get much fruit to ship we must
In the old way each stalk had about are thousands of good oranges; not learn to manage the trees. I fnd only
fbtr cuble feet of earth and in dry as good yet as they will be in January, a few localities where the trees seem
s~ab nearly all of that was too dry to but still very decent oranges, which, to grow the entire year and look heal-
fagish food or water. by the scale of points of the State Hor- thy. This is in a good stiff bottom, not
By the new way each stalk had about ticultural Society, would class pretty too much water, nor too much sand.
sf cubic feet to furnish food and wa- well up in the juice characteristics. A clay subsoil seems best adapted to
ter with a free connection with an in- We saw several dozen boxes from a their growth and fruiting. I find an-
exhaustible supply just below.-South- shedded grove in Volusia County, other very important fact in relation to
ern Cultivator. which, externally, would rank with the them, i. e., starting off after transplant-
best of the old orange belt before the ing. They should be set out at least
Good Words for the Berkshire. freeze, selling readily here in Jack- by the 10th of December, but Novem-
To your first question I will say that sonville at $2.50 per half-box-two tiers er is still better, and the further
the Berkshire is my favorite breed. I of 9 or $5 per full box. Thi mr- south you go the earlier they should be
believe they e the healthiest hogs chant was not quarreling with Floridas, et If set out late in the spring they
believe they are one of the healthiest but another said somewhat Impatiently, If set out late In the spring they
the world. They are one of the la-gest In replying to o quesn will not have time to Put out fibrous
breeds. They are the oldest breed green, and oorl We have about roots before the sun will start out the
k n ec green, sour and poori We have about
known. The quality of their meat can lost all interest in them." Probably foliage on the top and limbs, and that
not be equaled. They are the best rust- his teeth were still on edge from some will weaken them so much that they
lers. They can be fattened at any of the oranges received six weeks ago. will fail to start, and if a few roots do
age. They are very prolific, the sows An old Floridian, sitting with slip- start they will not have enough to
heavy milkers, and last, but not least, pered feet before a pine-knot blase, en- stand the spring drouth.
a real pretty Berkshire is the prettiest joying alternately his favorite mage- I have noticed a heap of complaint
thing I ever saw in the shape of a hog. zine and a Florida russet, would be a about trees sent out from Japan. Some
As to what is the best age to kill, I hard man to contend with to-day to say they are no good. This is all bosh.
should say from 10 to 12 months old. try to convince him that the latter is I have tried both kinds, and of the
Pigs cared for as they should be not a little the best orange going. Fill- two will take Japan-grafted every
weigh from 200 to 800 pounds at that ing the room with its aroma ftll-bediel time In preference to our native stock.
age, and are a pretty size to handle, a fine blend of acid and sugar, spright- But I do not condemn our native stock.
and the meat easier cured than larger ly--what are you quarreling with? only in one particular, and that might
ones. This age and size, I think, is But in that scale of points there are be the case with Japan seedlings. 1
also the best to sell where they are in- some uncomfortable things called phya- find seedlings from our native stock
tended for pork. In selling thorough- ical characteristics. These, we regret are attacked by a borer that enters the
bred hogs for breeding purposes it de- to say, control the verdict of the vast the little trees just at the top of the
pends a great deal on the purchaser. majority of mankind, especially of ground and goes down, eating out the
I have sold some fnue pigs frou. three women, who dominate the market and wood to the bark as he goes. At least
tb eight months old that half been well the larder. The greater part of their Z5 per cent. of my young seedlings are
cared for up to that time that after- lives is passed in the study of physical eaten In this way every year. J
cward were allowed to go without any characteristics, though they simplify ooeaten nas yo this way every year. Just as
ard were allowed to go without any that bit of learned phrasing by calling down ad are worthless for anything,
care, and when they failed to make them form, figure, beauty, etc. The old down, and are worthless or anything
One individuals it was claimed the Floridian does not look very hard at but put up sprouts all the summer. 1
fault was in the breeding, when if the his orange; he may glance a little at have never seen a Japan seedling that
same purchaser had bought a full the oil-cells, then he weighs It In his was touched by this grub yet; per-
grown hog the result might have beea. hand. He notices sundry disfigure- haps they do not live in that climate.
more satisfactory both to the seller and ments of the peel; for Instance, a cer- If I wanted to grow on our native
buyer. tain dark shade, in some Instances al- seedling, I would plant my seed just
As to the best feed for hogs, I be. most a "seal-brown," as the ladies where I wanted my trees to stand, and
lieve that corn is to a hog what meat would say. It is a new affliction, graft or bud them, and never move
and bread is to a man. I do not nean melanose (black disease). It is worse them from the spot. The persimmon
by this that you should feed corn and than the old familiar russet disease; has very few fibrous roots, and it
nothing but corn. A hog likes a varie- it is darker. Sometimes it occurs in moved into very light, dry land late in
ty of food, and to do his best must fletached, round spots, as If drops of the spring, It is a hard struggle for
have it. A good Bermuda grass pas- some caustic had fallen on the peel and chem to go through the first season.
tore with plenty of fresh water is fine. slightly burned it, causing these spots ,ow, as to propagating, I have had
Sorgh t planted in a convenient place to shrink and dry down. It does not fair luck grafting in February by cut-
can either be cut and fed or the hogs generally injure the flavor of the ng the seeding off two inche below
can be turned in on it; It is excellent ange, any more than the russet color the surface and putting in cleft grafts;
fbr hogs. There is nothing that I does; but it is a serious blemish. cover up the graft, except the top end,
kOIw of that is as fine as milk for Offer a melanose or even a dark with earth. I have failed to make bud-
-goawlag pigs-sweet milk, skimmed ruset orange to a grand dame in a ding pay. I notice the Japan people
mill or buttermilk. Slops are good if Northern city, a leader of fashion graft all and bd none. This Is a
they are the right kind, but I do not selecting fruit to be presented to her reat criterion to go by.
believe In feeding hogs everything in g ts at a holiday Ind this fruit has a good many ene.
the shape of slop because he Is a hog. of cut glass flashing like crystal, or I find this fruit has a go any en
Ssape of slop became e s a h. one of polished silver, with all the other mies: birds of all kinds that eat fruit
Corn should be shelled, and I prefer appointments of the table in like ele- like it very much, also bees, wasps and
soaked enough to soften a little. It gance spotless linen, celery brightly bug. This season 1 noticed a very
abbuld be fed in clean troughs and not green-what would be her verdict? "Oh small, little brown weevil, such as 1
theewn on the ground, cob and shuck the horrid, ugly things!" Suposing often see about sugar barrels, eat out
toetber. The grown bogs and pigs by a stretch of the lmaginaUton, our place a*- blig k thlf-dollar, then to
som'MU O ei sqrdusrly. It Is an e I Florldian seated at that respleadest theceter, sitaddailsd 6t thelh lid.
in there. They can be keptt out r ek-
ing the fruit in paper bags.
To recapitulate.-I consider all varie-
ties good. I can see no difference be.
tween native and imported stocks; the
fruit ripens finely If taken off and put
up in the house; the fruit carries as
well as green apples; have not offered
any in market, but hgve shipped to
Ohio and several Western States; all
went through in good order and gave
Tane-Nashl.-Fruit large, oblong,
pointed; skin bright yellow; I call this
one seedless, as I do Among and Im-
perial. I don't think the fruit Is-alto-
gether as juicy and sweet as tne varie-
ties preceding. I have had a few
specimens of this variety dried, and
they are extra fine. This tree Is a
wonderfully prolific tree, and the fruit
is very uniform. I class it good. Im-
perial and Among are at the head of
the list and I have described them so
that they would be easily detected, es-
peclally the Imperial. The Among,
once seen, will never be forgotten. It
looks very like a very large fiat Para-
gon tomato.-H. H. S. In Farmer and
What One Hired Xan Did.
Ten years ago he got a place with a
farmer at $17 a month and his board.
He was a raw, unlettered English boy,
green, ignorant and honest. He was
willing to work, and work hard, and,
being in no sense a society man, his
personal wants were very few. He
gradually sized up his opportunity
and soon developed an ambition to
own a piece of land. In two years he
saved up $250. He then married a
woman just suited to him-a worker,
planner, saver and a good housekeeper.
He bought a team and wagon and-
rented a farm. He kept on digging and
working. He never loafed in town.
He got two or three head of good blood-
ed stock. His crops were the best In
his neighborhood, and his neighbors
said he was lucky. He rented more
land and fed more stock and milked
more cows, hiring first one and later
three men to help him. Last fall he
bought an $8,000 farm, and should the
sheriff sell him out tomorrow there
would not be less than $12,000 net re-
ceipts from the sale. In other word,
this Ignorant young man has earned
the nice sum of $1,200 a year for ten
years, or more than many of te par-
sons, lawyers and professors in our
colleges are able to earn. The best of
it is that success has in no sense poll-
ed him, for he has a very plekas
home, a delightful family of little
folks, .and has broadened out into a
most valuable citizen of the communi-
ty in which he lives. When he was
working at $17 a month, clad in over-
alls and wamus, there were some girls
who, would have felt almost Insulted at
any attention from him, and some of
those same girls are nice old maids now
and feel all over Just like Maud iul-
ler. Not every hired man can do as
well as this, because It Is not In him,
but this is dead sure-if a young man
wants to be on his feet financially
when he is 40, he has got to deny him-
self when he is 20, for he can't run
with the boys and have what he teris
a "good time" on $17 a month and be-
come the owner of an $8,000 farm when
be is 30.-Exchange.
It Is easier to laugh at the sayings of
a clown than to profit by the words
of the wise.
S'he Farme s
or his Wife
| et *m ana i in i pfte I
\the Ba d e kcV0UM in thRe s.
Ir e sop.ri or to an
swsovae WW Oile"Ana
* THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Trot in Orange Groves. gates of his irrigation pipes, and from
Uneasy lll the head that rules an or- that time until the sun is up water is
ange or lemon grove in Southern Call- run through the furrows close about
fornli these mid-winter days, for no the trees. MAHI HOMES MADE HAPP .
one knows when Jack Frost may skur- I Many men engaged in growing or-
ry down from the snow-clad peaks of anges have tried the smudge bonfire
the 81erras and leave damaged citrus means of raising the temperature
trees and ruined crops in the hoary among orange groves. On the day or the PERUNA'
wake of his flight through the valleys evening previous to the anticipated vis-
and along the foothills. To be sure, it from Jack Frost. pans, kettles and all
the present season is as sunny, balmy manner of vessels by hundreds are ar-
and fragrant as any winter ever was ranged between the rows of trees, and I
in this semi-tropic land; and. to be ire filled with tar or crude petroleum.
sure, also, there never has been a dis- 1 ihen the mercury is slowly lowering ll
astrous visit by Jack Frost in this re- at 1 or 2 a. m., the contents of the ves-
glon, yet no one can tell what night sels are lighted, and a black heavy
the dreaded old fellow may take it into smoke arises and floats over and among
his head to drop down from the moun- the acres of trees. Other growers ere-
tains even for a few hours. Until ate a smudge by bonfires or green veg-
some invention is made towards safe station, but both methods are expen-
frost protection in citrus-growing re- sive and cannot always be exercised
gions. there will always be some unea. because of a lack of materials at the
siness among the growers from the be. very time they are wanted. A large
ginning of winter until the fruit crop number of the best horticulturists
ia picked, packed and on the way to pooh-pooh the idea of raising the tern-
market. perature of a piece of land by smudge
Conservative estimates of the quan- fires. They say that the warm air
tity of oranges now on the trees and from the fires rises fast, cold air rushes
hastening to fruition in Southern Cal- down from the upper atmosphere to
Ifornia are 6,450.000 boxes, or over the earth, and then up again, thus cre-
17,400 carloads, valued at some $7,63b- eating a draught that is more productive MI AL D R& WINS OF EL WLJC01AOI.N
000 to the growers. A temperature of of frost damage to fruit than without
23 or 24 degrees above zero through- smudge fires. r. Margaret Kinaey, Elk, enesee county, Mich writes to Dr.Hart
out Southern California a few hours A few citrus fruit growers have follows:
some of these winter nights would dim- adopted the method common among I am welland think I will need no moremedleine. I feel sowel,aaAndnl
Finish this value by some $4,000,000 or the lemon and orange growers in Sici- old complaints are gone, which were many. I often did not know which way to
$5,000,000-perhaps ruining the whole ly and along the coast of the Mediter- tarn. No one knew what I suffered. For forty-nine years I suffered butowl
crop for market. It has been estimated ranean by covering their trees witham cured, for which I thank Dr. Hartman for his advice and good tretms t. I
that some $40,000,000 or $42,000,000 has canvas or burlap when the mercury keep Peruna in the house all the time and shall never be without it.
been invested in the orange and lemon- is slowly descending. This plan, how- j e"y husbaf d ad a 0 Mfr n ie yeas H took PrPM M and
growing industry in California. A few ever, will never be popular, because it
hours of temperature below 17 degrees is expensive, Involves great labor in *elP& him. He looks qite yOuf He works hard evey d as
above zero would ruin from one-half to getting the covering out and properly lS ettao t. He takes P terw three times a da You do'tknew
one-third of this investment and wipe placed when there is a suspicion of a how th kff l I il toward y.; I neer think of yo bt to th i*
out the toil of years. The visit of Jack Frost, and in a settlement
most reliable meteorological re- of orange growers labor cannot be had y0 and wll do all I Ma r you.
ports in Southern California show many times at any price, when every Congressman H. Bankhead, of Ala- There is but single medicine whis
that during twenty-seven years the one is fearful of damage by a cold ama, one of the mostinfluentialmem- is a radical specific for catarrh. Iis
mercury in the citrus-growing valleys wave. To make the coverings on the hers of the Housm Pern,whlch ha stood a half century
has never been below 24 degrees above trees do their best service, huge poles of Representa- test. It ham curedthousandsaoasese
sero, and that only for two hours at must be set up between the rows of tUiVe in a letter catarrh. Ninety times in a hundred
dawn on the morning of December 24, trees, and wires strung permanently written from those who have been cundredof catrrhy
1891. For several years the tempera- from one pole to another, so as to be Wshington, D. Peruo thought they had some otr
tore in the orange and lemon groves ready for the fateful night of cold- W h, D. Pern thought they had some o
has never fallen below 30 deg. above ness. The poles and wire are a per- dore ment to the ae".
zero, and then only for a few minutes ennial nuisance when the oranges are The remedy to ure catarrh mart be
at daybreak. It is, therefore, seen that picked, and each day that the incessant great ea rrh able to reach the mucous member
a device by which the temperature in round of plowing, cultivation and Irri- rmedy, aPm nd this is exactly what Pernna da
a citrus grove may be raised only a gation takes place in the grove. Be- in the following Pen oerata he una
few degrees, and for a short period, sides, there is heavy expense in thus word "Your Perna operates t the fontn hea
when there is extra dread of frost, equipping an orange grove, and the Peu is ond Perun produces normal, cleanandv
will almost always suffice as a protec- coverings are by no means a sure ar- HooaJ w P-rh d the best med- orousmucousmembranes. Oatarrheaa-
tion to trees and fruits. mor from the attacks of frost. cs I ever tried, not remain in the system if PeruW i
Almost numberless schemes have The apparatus that H. D. Everest, V and no family ued acordingtodirections.
beea devised for checking frost attacks of Rochester, N. Y., a stockholder in hsoaldbewithoutyoorremarkablerem- Address The Peruna Meioine Ci a
in orange and lemon groves, but, so the Standard Oil Company, had con- edy. As a tonle and a catarrh wre I pany, Columbus, Ohi, for a ftr boa
far, none is generally accepted as re- structed at his famous 80-acre orange bow of nothn better. on catarrh.
liable. Hundreds of experienced or- grove near Riverside, Cal., a few years
sage growers pin their faith to a liber- ago has been found quite practical for
al use of water during the night dam fighting frost, but its cost Is very for baffling him, Mr. Everest's plan erately frostly atmosphere. The enor-
age by frost is expected and frost nev- heavy, and a man will think a long has not been in favor. mous lattice house costs thousands of
er comes upon the horticulturist unless time about having a similar apparatus Another wealthy orange grower of dollars to build, and many hundreds
warned by a lowering temperature in his own grove-until he knows that scientific bent, David E. Pease, former- of dollars annually to be kept in re.
for twelve or twenty-four hours. They it is an absolute annihilator of frost in ly of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad pair. The device seems to answer its
nay they are able to raise the surface any degree. Mr. Everest had common Company, has been busy for two years purpose, but it is safe to say that it
air by two or three degrees of warmth. Inch gas pipes laid one foot in the soil, experimenting with an apparatus he will not be imitated by the average
The plan is to plow long, shallow fur- between the rows of trees. These has devised for creating an artificial orange and lemon grower in Southern
rows between the rows of trees pipes led to several covered reservoirs, fog, which he believes will do more California. The lattice roof is con-
through the length and breadth of the like huge hogsheads, perched on a than all else to bar frost forever from structed in sections of ten feet square,
orchard, and then by turning on the trestle some 20 feet in the air. Then his large grove near Santa Anita, in so that sections may be removed from
irrigation gates at the upper end of the at intervals of 50 feet among the trees Los Angeles county. He laid pipes the heavy framework at will. Every
grove.--' create a network of little wa- he had set up Iron pipes 10 feet high, throughout his orange trees and built March alternate sections of the roof
terways, when the mercury shows that and on the top of these were fixed flar- reservoirs, the same as Mr. Everest did are laborously taken down and put
the temperature is slowly creeping Ing oil burners, which produced a at Riverside, but he will use water in- away, so that the sun may play its
down to the danger point. Scientific- mammoth flame and clouds of heavy stead of oil. and has a spray device part in the economy of the grove dur-
ally explained the evaporation (which soot. The reservoirs were filled with at the top of each standpipe so that the ing the summer season. When Decem-
is always rapid in as dry a region as crude petroleum (which is very cheap water flowing there by gravity will be her comes the lattice sections are put
Southern California), from the flooded in Southern California by reason of transformed into a spray so fine as to back on the framework, and the great
land raises the dew point of the sur- newly discovered oil wells), and the oil make a mist similar to a fog. The roof once more is a barrier between
face air among the fruit trees, and ran by gravity through the system of most important part of the system lies frost and ripening fruit.
thereby diminishes the chance of frost. pipes to the big burners. Mr. Everest almost altogether in the fixture by The State Horticultural Commission
Prom the middle of December to ear- also equipped his beautiful home which the mist is created, and this part of California has been giving much at-
ly in February, when the lofty Sierras among the orange trees with electric of the fog-producing system has not tention lately to the most unique idea
a lades: with snow and when tele- thermometers, so fixed that when the been perfected. I yet proposed for fighting frost in the
rapbl reports appear in the daily mercury went down below 35 degrees At Riverside (the most important or- orchards. A young ranchman in San-
newspapers of blisards in Kansas, Ne- or 34 degrees above zero little bells ange growing locality in the United ta Barbara county has come forward
braka and the Mississippi valley would be rung, and the hired men States), a Standard Oil millionaire, with a plan for producing economically
States, all watchful orange growers would be called from their beds to light who comes from New York to spend and easily wind currents. Frost al-
in Southern California keep their ther- the flames at each oil burner. A half his winters in Southern California, has ways comes on calm, clear nights,
mometers near at hand. In nights when dozen men could quickly turn on the devised a successful but very expen- when there is not a breath of air stir-
the mercury is down at 40 degrees flow of oil at the several reservoirs, sive means of safely protecting his ring, and no dampness in the atmos-
above aero at 10 o'clock, the prudent and, torches in hand, could run from growing oranges from Jack Frost's phere. If a breeze springs up in a cold
grower will be up all the night looking burner to burner until the whole grove hands. Over the tops of 60,000 13-i night the growers rejoice. Now, thin
after he crop, which may be worth at was illuminated by the uncanny, smoky year-old orange trees, 60 acres, an en- young ranchman proposes that breem
evaing $8,000 or $8,000, and valueless flames. This novel anti-frost scheme ormous roof of lattice work has been among the orange trees may be made
before the next sunrie. When the has been tried several times, but since built The space between the laths is by the use of bricks of some chemicals
groe observes at midnight that the the grove had a hard nip from Jack about an inch, and experience has which when fired will liberate gase
mercry has fallen to 80 degrees or 83 Frost last year, notwithstanding the shown that even this sl sufficient pro. so as to make a draft or wind current.
dgrue above sero, be opens the expensive and thorough preparations tection for the ripening fruit from mod- Just what the compolstlon of the bricks
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
may be he Is not chemist enough to' Give a wholesome supply of easily dl- cheron filly was bred to an imported
say, but this crude idea Is so good that gestible food, boiled bran or flax seed, IPercheron stallion and produced a
a score of scientists throughout Call- Is especially good. If the animal has strong, healthy male foal at Just 800
fornia are now at work upon It. The lost much blood give bitter tonics and days. A case was reported from Chat- -
State Horticultural Commissioners say Iron gentian, one half ounce, and sul- ham, 0., where a mare which was bred
there is no doubt that if wind currents phate of lime, two drams, once a day May 7, did not drop her foal until May
can be generated for several hours, for a week. If from an excess of din- 17, the following year, the period In is destruction of lung by a
when Jack Frost hovers near an or- retic plants, it may be best to use oil, this case being one year and ten days.
ange grove, the temperature may be instead of salts-a quart of oil, with It has been stated that several years growing germ, precisely as
raised three or four degrees by the the addition of one ounce of laudanum ago a mare in Jessamine county, Ken.
mixing of the air strata. That's en-, and two drams of gum camphor. Keep tucky, did not drop her foal until their. moldy cheese is destruction
ough to save a crop. the loins warm with rugs or hot salt teen months and twenty-eight days had
The field of Invention along the line packs, expired from the time she was mated. of cheese by a growing germ.
of killing frost in the semi-tropic land j If due to a fracture of loins, or severe We believe, however, from our own ob- If y kill the germ, you
Is growing, and he who gives the grow- sprains or to Inflamed kidneys, or to servations, that in the majority of g m, y
era a safe, cheap and easy means of stone or gravel, it will need special cases the period will not vary more sto the consumption. You
saving their crop of oranges and lem- treatment. than three days from 340.-Rural "p "" t "o
ons from their grim enemy year after In haematuria from anaemia (wat- Home. can or can't, according to
year will be the most popular man in ery blood), from insufficient or
California, and soon make a royal fot- badly adjusted rations, or foods from How to Peed Calves. when you begin.
tune besides.-Correspondent N. Y. Ev- marshy soils, producing fermentations, Prof. Andrew M. Soule. of the Ten-
ening Post. the treatment must be stimulating and nessee Experiment Station, gives the Take Scott's Emulsion of
tonic, and plenty of easily digestible following directions in answer to in- Cd Liver Oil: take a little
food must be furnished. I would ad- quiries:d Liver Oil: take a little
V.EBRINABY DEPASBTXMENT. vise plenty of wheat bran. oats, barley. The dairy cow should never suckle first.
Realizing as we do that many of our or linseed meal, and may be given eith- her calf for more than three days. r.
readers frequently need the advice of a er ground or boiled.advoate takin the calf away t CtS
are not always in a position to secure the As a bitter tonic, I like sulphate of as soon as dropped. .
services of such, we have arranged, for quinine, four to six drams, and murl- It should be remembered, however, food ; it is the
the beneft of our readers, with Dr. W. E. ate of iron tincture. two drams in a that the power to give milk Is the re- easi t
French, of Daytona, Fla., a Veterinary easie t food
Surgeon and dentist, who will answer all pint of water, twice a day. suit of stimulation and material In-
nauiries relating to the ailments of do- In the anaemic condition prevention stinct. It frequently happens that the Seems not to be
m asticated anmals,ree of charge. Should any i the great need. The drainage and calf is unable to consume all the milk
Of this paper free of charge. Should any
wish advice requiring an extended answer cultivation of the dangerous soils is produced Immediately after it is drop- r food; makes you
y mall. they should enclose one dollar the main object. Until this can be c- pd. The result is, a portion Is left
reply which will cover the case omplshed young and newly-purchas- in the udder. This, of course, produces hungry eating
ed cattle. not yet insured to the pois- inflammation and other troubles of is comfortable.
aemmaturia, Wood-Ill-Red Water or ons, must be kept from the dangerous this organ. It fails to stimulate the ac-
Bloody Urine. fields and turned only on those which tivity of the milk glands to its utmost Yougrow strong-
This is a common affection among are artificially or naturally drained. activity, and soon result In a deteriora. The genuine Tha
cattle in certain localities, above all They should have proper feed, supple- tion of the milk flow and a loss. of the take oth er. e. e mo
on damp, undrained lands, and under mented by grain or cassava and velvet natural inherent secretary function of nOt too much; enough is as
a backward agriculture. It Is simply beans. this organ.
bloody urine or haematuria when the Another point which we must guard After the third day take the calf much as ou like and a rees
blood is found in clots, or when under against, that is the water supply. That away and feed for two weeks or so on
the microscope the blood globules can from marshy or impervious soils rich whole milk; then on skim-milk and ad- with you. Satisfy hunger
be detected as distinctly rounded flat- In organic matter, and such as are juncts. chiefly flaxseed gruel. The milk
tened discs. The bloody urine is the charged with nitrates, ptomaines, etc., must be fed at blood heat, between 98 with usual food; whatever
more direct result of structural dis. which conduce to these disorders and 100 degrees Fahrenheit. The
eases of the kidneys or urinary passa- should be guarded against, and a sup- calves should be constantly handled you like ..d agrees with you.
ges (inflammation, stone, gravel, kid- ply from living springs or deep wells from the beginning to make them gen-
ney worms and sprains of the loins). It 'hoIld be secured. Some veterinarians tie. Handle the udder parts in the helf- When you are strong
due to stone or gravel, gritty particles think this is closely related to the er and stimulate the flow of blood
are usually passed, and may be detect- Brights of the human family. Some to these parts, increasing activity again, have recovered your
ed in the bottom of a dish in which the cases we have delirium from uric pois- of the glands and developing the milk-. h
liquid is caught. If due to fracture or oning and death. If it can be discover- producing organs to the fullest extent. Strength---the germs are
severe sprain of the loins. It is likely ed in time. we may be able to give re- Breed at about eighteen to twenty dead ou have killed them
to be associated not only with some lief. but it is generally too late when months, so that the calves may be a yu lle m.
loss of control over the hind limbs, made known. Give a complete change dropped at from twenty-seven to twen- f have nott,
and with staggering behind, but also of food and water and a vacation. ty-nine months. Breeding too young for re sa e its areea
with a more or less perfect paralysis Dr. W. E. French. is detrimental to the mother, for she taste will surprise you.
of the tail. The bloodstained urine * cannot develop properly and support
without red globules results from spe- Period of Equine Gestation. a foetus at the same time, and a stunt- SCOTT & BOWNE,
cific diseases, Texas fever and anthrax, The period of gestation with mares is ed heifer will make a cow deficient in Chemists,
and from eating irritating plants, somewhat uncertain. It differs consid- stamina. 409 Pearl St., New York.
(broom. savin, calchicum. oak shoots, erably with different individuals, and The calf should be first "mothered" c. a $. ll dru i
ash. hazel, hornbean. hellebore, and even with the same mare in different Iefore it is taken away from the dam. 50c. and $1.00; all ruggits.
other astringent, acrid, or resinous years. Eleven months is the time gen- This clears the skin of effete matter
plants, etc.) The Maybug or Spanish rally given, but the majority of mares and materially aids the circulation. It
fy taken with the food or spread over will overrun this time. In our exper- is very important that this be done, W
a great extent of skin as a blister, may ience we have known a mare some- as the calf is in a weakened condition *
cause it. The water from soils rich In what advanced in years to produce a and this aids in the development of ts VETERI NARIAN,
decomposing vegetable matter, and strong, active foal in ten and a half strength. After it is done the calf may
containing nitrates and alkaline salts, months from the time of conception. Ib removed without suffering. In all Vill Treat all Diseases or uomestlcat-
also in marshy districts and on clayey This was her first foal. We also re- instances It should receive the first ed Animals.
and other impervious soils; hence, too, member another instance in which the milk or colostrum. This contains pro-
the occurrence of bloody urine in the wpriod of gestation in a young mare sp'rties that are purgative in nature, SURGERY AND D I bi IKY
advanced stages of several contagious was one year and five days, and the and clears the alimentary canal of ma- A Specalty.
diseases. Some mineral poisons, such foal was a filly. There are cases on re- trials that otherwise might cause con-
arsenic, Iodine and phosphorus tak- cord where the date of foaling was gestion of the various digestive organs. DAYTONA. FLORIDA.
en to excess may cause haematuria. Ex- more than thirteen months from the If you remove the calf from the dam
posure of the body to cold or wet will time of mating the mare. In the work as soon as dropped and fall to give the
cause the affection in some predisposed entitled "Horse Breeding," by the late colostrum, disastrous results may fol- "Everything for Florida." Fruits,
subjects The symptoms are smoky T. H. Sanders, is the following upon low. In glancing at the composition Flowers. Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
or bloody water and may be associated this subject: of colostrum milk, it is seen to be com- and Lawn. Palm,
with fever or not, there may be ten- "The average period of gestation In paratively low in water, high in solids, Bamboos, Conifers,
dcrness of the abdomen on pressing, a the mare is popularly placed at eleven abnormally high in casein and albu- Perns, Economie and
frothy state of the milk or tinged with months, but a careful comparison of men. low in sugar and high in ash. It It-bearing trees.
red, mucous membranes pale and gen. statistics from the books of several is thus especially adapted to the needs (a quatles, and all
eral weakness. If kidneys injured, the horse-breeders whom I know to be ac- of the young and growing animal. sorts of Decorative
urine will be passed often, and in small curate and painstaking in their meth- Those who have handled calves have Stock, for Northern
quantities at a time and with much ods. places the average period about been astonished by the rapid growth House Culture as -
straining. When anaemic or watery 340 days. It is a popular belief that and strength displayed by young ani- well as the South.
blood from lack of nourishment, you male foals are carried longer than fe- mals several days after birth. The col- Rare Tropical Plants, East and West
will have no fever, but the water is males, but statistics do not. bear out ostrum milk is the best means of pro- 'ndlan and other Exotic Plants. Send
red; this will be the first symptom this conclusion. The observations of viding the animal with the requisite for splendid Illustrated catalogue, free.
shown; when the cause is Irritating Dr. W. H. Winter, of Princeton, Ill., food for growth and development. We make special efforts to keep down
plants, you will have colic, and signs covering seventy-two cases, make the This matter must, therefore receive insect pests, and will not send out
of inflammation of the bowels, average period for males about 341 due consideration when weaning "white flies" or other serious pest., or
As to the Treatment.-If a direct ir- days and for females 338, the longest calves and raising them by hand. It diseases. 17th year. Reasoner BrosL,
ritant is the cause, and the animal being 371 days and the shortest 317 is no trouble to raise a calf by hand Oneco, Fla.
been in good health before attack, or a 'lays. Mr. M. A. Brown, from thirty provided artificial nipples are used.
malarious poison then give freely of foals one year. found the average to The calf will then suck quite as read-
Glauber of Epsom salts, from one to le slightly greater for males than fe- ily as from the udder of the cow. This such a manner that the animal will
two pounds. This will clear away any males. while in the following year, prevents its gorging itself and produc- have to titke the milk slowly, so that it
Irritants from the bowels and allay the from thirty-two foals, the females were ing scours and other intestinal troubles. will become thoroughly mixed with
sever. It will also draw from the blood carried longer than the males. He Should these result from careless feed- 'he saliva and other digestive Juiees
much of products already absorbed, also reports a well-authenticated case ing, they can be remedied by the addl- and properly assimilated. Rral
sad to this way will help the kidneys. where a two-year-old half-blood Per- tion of lime water and by feeding in Home.
IllSIRAS'El l a. i
;t Ii e Vr for Wis e.
F ORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
earlier Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.
SIt might also be said that the min-
ecal fertilizer Is the gauge of the
carrying quality of a crop. He who
fertilizers with animal and vegetable
manures alone (nitrogen), can barely
ship his crop out of the state; he who
uses a good complete formula, other
requisites being observed, ships to the
Northern markets with but little dif-
An English farmer said that the
great secret of his success-if there
was any secret-was that he fed his
land before it was hungry, rested it
before it was tired and weeded ft be-
fore It was foul. This Idea of resting
land, that is, letting it lie fallow, is
an exploded theory. Americans know
better than that; they rest land by
changing the crop, raising a manure
crop to plow under, wholly or in part.
A government committee in France,
after several years' Investigation of
the manufacturing of the grape and of
the results of a series of experiments
with potash manures, reported strongly
against nitrogenous manures, including
stable manure, as being "more hurtful
than useful," which accords with com-
mon observation; also that feeble vines
consume as much manure as vigorous
goes. Potash should enter into the
composition of manure for grape vines,
the elements in the soil being general-
ly In bad condition for assimilation.
Potash carries forward in some way
with It the other fertilizing principles.
Potash from the root passes to the
vine, to the leaves, then to the twigs
to arrive finally at the fruit, of which
it favors the development. The potash
introduced through the roots in the
course of a season is not entirely con-
sumed, since it Is found after fructifi-
cation reserved in sufficient quantities
In the wood and twigs.
Plbaospboru From Bock.
Much excitement has been created in
the phosphate world over the invention
of Ptof. V. J. Machalske, of Long Is-
land City. N. Y.. by which he derives
pure phosphorus direct from phosphate
rock or bones without the aid of acids.
he also has certain processes for mak-
ing bisulphide of carbon from sulphate
of ammonia, which is obtained as a by-
poruct In. the manufacture of bone-
black, also cyanides and ferrocyanldes
from nitrate of soda, and arable green
ftwo beet roots and the refuse of sugar
Heretofore, phosphorus was not only
derived from bones, but also from bone
ash. and especially from glacial phos-
pheal acd, but not from calcium me-
tariyosphate. This claim Is not sup-
ported by experiments, as it has been
demonstrated that phosphorus can be
derived from Canadian apatite, which
process is described by Prof. Read-
man, of Edinburg, in Volume II, of the
"Reports of the United States Com.
mission to the Universal Exposition at
Paiis. In 1889." Prof. Readman has
also contributed a description of the
new process to "Thorpe's New Cheml.
cal Dictionary," now under prepara-
Dr. Readman has patented a new pro.
cess for the manufacture of phospho-
ros. This consists in the reduction of
glacial phosphoric acid by the aid of
carbon at the intense heat of the elee-
tric furace, as in the reduction of al-
nainam by the Cowless process. This
being the idea of the celebrated Wach-
ler, tke Oerma Government refused
to 4"ue a p8te, t to Prof. Headman.
The process s s oon to be tried In Bug-
Another new process, also proposed 'the bone ash is heated for some time
by Dr. Readman, consists in heating with diluted sulphurle acid, which re-
phosphate rock, sand and carbon in moves the greater part of the calcium
graphite retorts to an intense heat, as in form of the sparingly soluble sul-
described in the "Journal of the So- phate, leaving phosphoric acid in so-
ciety of Chemical Industry," 1890, page lution which is strained from the de.
473. posit, evaporated to a syrup, mixed
According to Prof. Machalske's pro. with charcoal thoroughly dried in an
cess. phosphorus is made directly from Iron pot and distilled in an earthen re-
phosphate rock, raw, unmixed, without tort, when the carbon removes the oxy-
any additions or preparations, which gen, and phosphorus distils over, being
result in producing yellow or red phos condensed in a receiver containing wa-
phorus tom rock at a low cost, hence, ter to protect it from the action of the
in reading the account of the method air. It is noticed that this process of
as given by the Brooklyn Eagle, which making phosphorus is too expensive,
we present, this fact must not be over- etc.. and to overcome these difficulties,
looked. Dr. F. J. Machalske devised for the
Heretofore, all of the phosphorus in Anglo-American Chemical Company
the world was manufactured from two electrical furnaces. Each consists
bones, but last week after almost a of receptacles, -12 by 18 inches in size,
year's experimenting, the Anglo-Amerl- having a carbon bottom and lined with
can Chemical Company, of Long Island magnesia, a special mixture,. and cov-
City, in an official test, demonstrated ered with fire clay and red bricks.
that phosphorus can be abstracted Each furnace has an apparatus on top
from phosphate rock by means of a for feeding the phosphate rock into the
powerful electric are. retort; an apparatus for holding an
The company has been conducting all electrode eight feet long and four inch-
its experiments behind locked doors, es in diameter.
in a small building In Long Island City. The bottom and top carbons are con-
Here an enormous electric transform- nected with numerous special electrical
ing plant has been erected. A repre- apparatus and machineries. When
tentative was permitted to witness the the current is turned on, in five min-
first official test made in the presence utes a temperature of about 7,000 de-
of Mr. Thomas R. Fleming, the treas- agrees is produced, which smelts in fif-
urer, and Prof. F. J. Machalske, the teen minutes 150 pounds of phosphate
chemist and vice-president of the An- rock, setting free vapors of phosphorus.
glo-American Chemical Company. which are condensed under water, and
The building where the experiment- the residual slag being in a syrupy state
ing has been carried on is a small, one- Is allowed to run off. The operation Is
story structure, but it contains prob. a continuous one. The result of this
ably the most powerful electrical ma. tremendous arc, which can be drawn to
chinery In Greater New York. The 15 Inches. Is very beautiful, but can
electric arc in a street lamp is less than only be rendered in dull tones in try.
half an inch in length, but within this ing to make a proper description of it.
small building an arc 15 inches long It may be well, therefore, to state
can be drawn from each of the 4-Inch briefly what is seen when the furnace
carbons, 80-horse power being required is arranged for the melting of phos-
to accomplish this. phate rock. The interior of the fur-
nace reminds one of a dark crater, the
The company has erected two ele- dull red poles revealing the metallic
trical furnaces, condensers, etc., the lustre and gray shadows of the rock
same being the invention of F. J. Mach- lstreand gray shadows oft the reok
alske, Ph. D., for the manufacture of oe become tipped with dazzling
vellop and tred with dazzling
yellow and red phosphorus prin- white, and in the course of three to
cipally from phosphate rock, by four minutes the temperature rises to
man electric arntense h sweat about 6,000 degrees. Such a tempera-
known in dustries that phosphorus ture will keep well melted any known
known In Industries that phosphorns metal, etc., though 2,000 degrees.more
is the only element for the ordinary metal, etc., though 2,000 degrees more
Is the p only element of te o nary are readily attained in this furnace.
preparation of which animal substan. Each pole is soon surrounded with
ces are employed. It is never known ach pole is soon surrounded with
coareempl d. Its nerkn n a lambent halo of green-blue hue of the
to occur uncombined in nature, but it net halo of green-blue hueand of the are
is found abundantly in the form of sunset the central band of the arem
phosphate of lime, which is contained ehangn rapidly fro peah brloom
in minerals, coprolite, phosphorite and to lavender and purple. The are can
apatite. and occurs diffused, though then be ledrawn fngthened, and as urthe apolesnder
generally in small proportion, through thare drawn further mr ansses further asunder
all soils upon which plants grow, for the irregular masses of rock fuse In
ent of the food of most plants, and hs- of light, passing into green of lustrous
pte. Iubt e Is anom thes sorenthat sthe i serd, byelIen ltae astatose etc.,
specially of the cereal plants which emerald. Then the last fragments of
form so large a proportion of the food rock melt into a shining, glowing, most
of animals. The seeds of such plants brilliant and turbulently boiling lake,
are especially rich in the phosphates of which reflects the glowing poles in a
calcium and magnesium. Animals glory of green and gold, shot with or-
feeding upon these plants still further ange hues. Still a few minutes later
accumulate the phosphorus, for it en- a shower of brilliant flames is project.
ters chiefly in the form of caciunm plos- ed from the furnace, amid the clouds of
phate, into the composition of almost russet or brown vapors which wreathe
every solid and liquid in f.e animal the little crater.
body; and is especially abundant In Phosphorus finds its evident applica-
the bones, which contain about three- tion in the manufacture of matches
fifth of their weight of calcium phos- and that of calcium phosphide, which
phate. It is from this source that the is used by life-saving stations, etc.,
supply of phosphorus Is chiefly derived, and in the manufacture of saccharine,
What is here termed animal matter which Is 2,000 times sweeter than sa.
Is a cartilaginous substance, converted gar. F. J. Machalske, Ph. D., vice-
into gelatine, when the bones are heat- president and chemist of the Angle-
ed with water under pressure, and con- American Chemical Company, said to
training carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and the Eagle representative:
oxygen. It was formerly the custom "According to the annual report of
to get rid of this by burning the bones the United States Geological Survey,
in an open fire, but the increased de. the total product of phosphate rock
mand for chemical products and the for the United States amounted to 1.-
diminished supply of bones have 308.885 long tons in 1898, as compared
taught economy, so that the cartilagin- with 1,039.345 long tons In 1897. The
ous matter is now dissolved out by aggregate value In 1898 amounted to
heating the bones with water at a $3.453,460, against $2,673,202 in 1897.
high pressure for the manufacture of The average price per ton for all kinds
glue; or the bones are subjected to de- of rock Increased from $2.57 in 1897 to
structive distillation, so as to save the $2.64 in 1898.
ammonia which they evolve, and the "Up to today the phosphate rock is
bone charcoal thus produced is used chiefly used for fertilizing purposes by
by the sugar refiner until Its decoloriz- mixing it with sulphuric acid, and one
ing powers are exhausted, when it is ton of such a mixture commands a sell-
heated in contact with air to burn ing price of about $15. whereas, on the
away the charcoal, and leave the bone other hand, if the phosphate rock is
ash, consisting chiefly of calcium phos- worked into phosphorus by means of
pblae. t an. electrical furnace, then In such a
In order to extract the phosphorus, case one ton of rock will yield $80
worth of phosphorus when sold at '1b
cents per pound only.
"The application and uses of phos-
phorus are, so to say, unlimited ones,
as by means of a special arrangement
on the electric furnace phosphorus
could be worked into phosphames, and
some into cyanides, ferrocyanides, etc.,
by using a special mixture of rock
and coke, carbide of calcium will be
obtained as a by-product, which beside
Its application for making acetylene,
could be worked into a series of chlor-
Ides of carbon and many other chemi-
"However, the electric furnace can be
used for reduction of oxides to metals.
which hitherto few of us have ever
seen except as minute cabinet speci-
mens; even coke can be converted In-
to parghite and artificial diamonds can
be produced from carbon.
"In a lecture delivered at the Royal
Institute in London, William Crookes
described the operation of making ar-
tificial diamonds from carbon as car-
ried out by H. Molssan of Paris. Halt
a pound of pure iron being packed in a
carbon crucible with pure charcoal
from sugar, is put into the body of the
electric furnace and a powerful are
formed close above it between carbon
poles, utilizing a current of 800 am-
peres and 40 volts pressure. The iron
rapidly melts and saturates itself with
carbon. After a few minutes' heating
to a temperature above 7,000 degrees-
a temperature at which the lime of the
furnace melts like wax and volatilizes
in the clouds-the current is stopped,
and the dazzling, fiery crucible Is
plunged beneath the surface of cold
water, where it is held till it sinks be-
low a red heat. As is well known, iron
increases in volume at the moment of
passing from the liquid to the solid
state. The sudden cooling solidifies the
outer layer of iron and holds the inner
molten mass in a tight grip. The ex-
pansion of the Inner liquid on solidify-
ing produces an enormous pressure,
and -under the stress of this pressure
the dissolved carbon separates out in a
transparent, dense, crystalline form-
a diamond. The largest artificial dia-
mond so far obtained is less than 0.-
0394 inches in diameter."
This is not a discovery, but is the
result of careful work and experiment
on the part of Prof. Machalske, who Is
one of the most expert chemists and
scientists known, and to his valuable
assistance we acknowledge our indebt-
edness in presenting these facts to our
To the phosphate miners it means a
larger market for rock, the cheapening
of the cost of phosphorus, also increase
ing the demand for that article. It is
possible that the cost of phosphorus
may be so low as to permit of the pro-
duction of phosphoric' acid cheaper
than by the use of sulphuric acid, but
since a consummation may not be
reached soon, though considering the
wonderful invention mentioned and de-
scribed in this article, we are prepared
to endorse the oft-repeated expression
that "nothing is impossible."
Electricity is solving many problems,
and it will not be many years before
the free nitrogen of the atmosphere
will be utilized for the purposes of ag-
"Farmers" Guide.' Is the name of the
book, and as its title indicates, oi a
guide to farmers in the cultivation and
fertilization of all crops typical to Am.
erica. This book is handsomely bound,
profusely illustrated, and every farmer
should have it In his library. It can be
had without charge from the German
Kali Works, of No. 93 Nassau street,
New York City, N. Y.
Think Well Pirst.
We shall never be sorry afterwards
for thinking twice before we speak, for
-counting the cost before entering upon
any new course, for sleeping over
things and injuries before saying or
doing anything in answer, or for care-
fully considering any business scheme
presented to us before putting money
or name into it. It will save us from
much regret, loss. and sorrow always
to remember to do nothing rashly.-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
DIP A iMNT O1 OF OWAENTAT able growth was killed to the ground Eranthemum pulchellum ti one of
XO3TAwuulA!uA. though considerably protected by oth- the very best blue flowers for Florida.
-- er vegetation around it. There a, Here it makes handsome plants, two
to three feet high, bushy by nature,
BY W. C. STEELE. other notes that might be made, but we and a splendid winter bloomer The D
WTTZRRAND FL A have already drawn this out to much flowers are produced in spikes and are this
SWTZRLAND FOR too great a length. of a bright Indigo blue color. It can C rate your
* be grown as a pot or box plant where e xper -
Effects of Cold. Buy What You Weed. It is cold weather. Here it lives in the
8o far this winter has been what Editor Floral Department: open ground the whole year. J n C e ?
might be called an "old-fashioned Half of the people buy what looks Torenla Fournleri. one of the pret. i And are
ight be caed an odfahioned pretty in the catalogue or in the green, test blue flowers, always in bloom. you wor-
Florida winter. Up to the night of house. It is the cause of half the dis- easy to grow. one of my favorite flow. r O Wfor
Friday, January 18, there had been no satisfaction we hear so much of. Nev. era for pots or boxes. A friend gives it Lred for
cold to do any damage. There had er buy a plant unless you have a prop- the fanciful name of "Peek-a-boo pan- l fear o A
er place for it. A plant out of place sy," but it is not a Pansy, but a littlefe
been several white frosts, but nothing does not do well or look well. There beauty, violet blue shading to a deep are soon to be bald?
was hurt. the only visible effect was Is no use putting Roses In the shade blue, throat blocked with yellow. Then cease worry-
the discoloration of a few Coleus or Fuchsias in the sun and expect good Torenla Princess of Montenegro is a i
leae returns from them. It can't be done. very large flowering variety, called the Ing, for help Ios at
On the night of January 18 we had If the soil is poor it can be made rich, "Giant" flowering. Flowers are a vel- hand. You need
On the night of Janeuary 18 we ha nd if wet it can be drained, and some- vety purple, shading down to a dell. something that will
our first freeze. The next morning, times if it is shady it can be restored cate lavender with the usual yellow
January 19, a government standard to sunshine by cutting away trees or block at the throat. These are very put new life into the
thermometer, hung about three feet shrubbery. But if this is not going to satisfactory plants, being easy to grow hair bulbs.
be done-and not once in twenty times and always in bloom.
above the surface of the earth, regis. s such a radical change made-it is Pleroma splendens Is always in bloom, YOU A
tered 32, just the freezing point. It better to take cognizance of the situa- its blue. or as it is often called "royal n e e d
must have been somewhat colder on tion at once and buy your seeds or purple" flowers, the size of a silver dol- hair
the ground, as the soil had a light plants to fit the circumstances. lar, of pretty form, are very pleasing. a h
If your soil Is poor and you are not In- The foliage is of a rich velvety green, f od ,
crust of frozen earth in places. The tending to spade your beds and work In but does not stand the sun well and S U c h
whole surface was not frozen, nor any plenty of manure, do not choose Pan- should be given a sheltered position. H
flat places, but only hummocks and sies, Asters. Ten Week Stocks, Bal- I have never tried It for open ground. 8 --
knobs that were raised above the gen- saums. Roses. Caladiums, Cannas, Moon- It may be a success, but I doubt it,
flowers, Passionflowers or Tuberoses, and therefore have always treated it
oral level and earth banked about however partial you may be to them. as a pot plant.
shrubs and plants. Water in the Such plants as Amaranthus, Nastur- Two Plumbagos have worried along It brings health to
ditches or in wooden palls or tubs was tium. Petunia. Geranium and Fever- In the hot sand, but they are summer the hair and the fall
not frozen, but that in tin or Iron ves- few, shrubs, and woody vines, hardy bloomers, so not so popular as the win.
bulbs and hardy perennials will do you ter bloomers. P. capensis is a delicate ing ceaS.
eels was covered with eie. much better, because less impatient of shade of light blue and Lady Larpent It always restores
We are thus specific in describing scanty or hard diet. the deepest darkest blue. color to ray hair.
these effects to show how light the If your beds are in full sunshine all A tub of "Water Hyacinths" helpsor gray ir.
freeze was and thus more clearly dem- day long do not try Ferns and Fuch- out my list of blue flowers, and they YOU need not look at
onstrate the extreme senstveness of las. Forget-Me-Nots and Mimulus are delte dainty bloomers. thirty as if you were
Begonias and Daisies. And if yours Mrs. Jennie F. Dickerson. fifty, for your gray
some plants to cold. is a drouthy home with scant water Miami, Florida. ty y gray
The leaves of Cannas. Bananas, all supply, do not put In your sunny beds hair may have gain
varieties of Crinum, except longifollum Dahlias and Cosmos, or Phlox and He- Cydonia Japonica-Japan Quince. all the dr, rich color
commony c d C ) Panc. liotrope. Don't plant Lilies or Holland Editor Floral Department: t
(commonly called Capense) Pancra- bulbs in wet, undrained soil. In short, The first time that I saw this truly Of youth.
tiums. Hedychlum coronarium. Daedal- choose nothing but what your reason magnificent flower was at Nashville,
acanthus nervosa (commonly known as tells you has a fair chance to succeed. Tenn.. in the year 1864. My impression Sta atat.a AN dIggs.
Eranthemum pulchellum or E. nervos- And don't get so enthused that you then was that it was a tender South- -Imala ~ r byr trade ahe
um). and Gyura aurantica ("Velvet- will get more plants than you have ern shrub, and that I would never see had ai ret de1a ts do with oI
beds: don't get more vines than you its like again. But since then I have igor. I have fo thl i i
will d everything that you clahi
plant"), were all killed. To show how have trellises or porches to train over, seen it in use as a specialty in the de- for it. It ha Iv me the m st
little protection was necessary to pre- or more shrubs than you have an ap- oration of the Fairmont Park grounds, I s" &atsi o i s my
vent injury we will state that a num. propriate place for. You know how Philadelphia. and Central Park. New Marh xa,tsw. KaseCit.ty.
her of small Cannas and a Gynura an- many beds you have, and how much York. where its large crimson and scar-,
room in your border. Shut up the let blossoms administer to the delight I0 O lag
rantica were growing in a shelter of floral catalogues for a little, get a pen- of the beholder in April and May. 1 irm de mt ota s the sim
Sm deeted hrm t0 us me the
lath with lath roof: these were entirely cil and a sheet of blank paper instead. have also seen a fair scattering of it r th t Dee or ott.
uninjured. Yet in the same shelter all Put down your beds one by one, and in some of the dooryards of the North; Aidre"'n.Dr'J.' L ms
the leaves of a Jacobinia (Justicla) mark right under it what you intend but it is still new and unknown to
I to fill it with, and what you are going many in that region.
coccines were killed, while a large to border it with. Then when you get Nearly twenty years ago. I brought
clamp outside lost only a few leaves, through, you are ready to pick out in- a few specimens with me and planted
many of the stems escaping entirely telligently just what you want and just them out on the farm that I now occu-
uninjured, as much as you want. That kind of py. When I returned three and a half the other of the two following proposl-
flower choosing always gives good re. years ago my impression was for a long tions:
An old plant of Tabernaemontana, suits. time afterward that they had perished Perhaps our readers are so well in-
near the Jacobinia in the open air, Lora S. LaMance. with my two varieties of Philadelphus, formed, or reaers well satis
showed some very queer freaks of the that had been planted near them; but formed. or at least so well atisfied
frost; it consists of a large number Blue Flowers. I finally found them living, surrounded with their present knowledge of floral
f stems a s in fm the gronnEditor Floral Department: by a rank'growth of weeds, and com- matters, that they have no questions
of stes all starting from the ground One of the prettiest blue flowers for pletely covered with a thick growing, to ask. If so, it is a very pleasant con-
and standing about three feet high. A either pot culture or bedded out I had wooly moss. 'of about two inches in diton which we have no wish to di
few stems, perhaps a half dozen, lost last summer, was the Browallia spe- length, of which I divested them. and on wic e have no wish to d
most or all of their leaves while the iosa major, or as it is often called buried bones and other fertilizers turb.
So the i w nt hrt at a Giant Browallia. The flowers are one around the roots. They soon manifest- On the other hand it may be that our
res o e mp was no u a a. or two inches in diameter, of a bril- ed their blooming propensities, and one answers have been unsatisfactory, so
We supposed that our large vine of liant indigo color, with white throat or bloomed continuously from the fore that others feel that it would be use
Senecio Macroglossis, "German or center. Plants grow bushy, the tol- )art of February till the fore part of less to ask for any further informa
Parlor Ivy," would be one of the first 'age rather small, of a pleasing green 4pril last. I feel that I cannot too
ants killed by a sharp frost, but it color, and as it is a continuous bloom- strongly recommend it for the cultiva- tion.
plants e y a sharp fos, er. is a very satisfactory plant. tion of Florida florists; for it is of This we regret, but we make no
still stands practically unhurt. Some Ageratum. Princess Pauline, is anoth- easy culture and apparently as great a claim to universal floral knowledge.
long stems had run out along the er beauty, having great umbels of sky necessity when its merits become a
ground outside of the cloth shelter, and blue flowers, with white centers, over- known as the "Crape Myrtle," which TO THE DEAF.
others up over the top of the cloth. laid with the blue. It makes a splen- serves to add beauty to so many land- A rich lady. cured of her deaftes sad
So t t o t did box or pot plant, but requires a escapes. M. noises In the bhad by Dr. Nlebolseon'
Here and there a leaf on these exposed shady place when bedded out. and a Artfical Ear Drums. gave $l4.m to his
vines is nipped, but no stems arp killed, moderate supply of water during the Answers to Correspondents. Institute. so that deaf people unable to
One of the greatest surprises was the summer. When we first proposed to have a de- procure the Ear Drums may have them
fact that a lot of the creeping Trades- Ageratum, Stella Gurney, is of a very artment for answers. The teholon Io-
intense blue, the most beautiful of all 'rtment for answers to o spond- ttt R 1ht) Avem. NWw eTok.
cantlas. commonly called "Wandering the Ageratums; the tufts or umbels of ents, we hoped that it would prove a *
Jew," went through uninjured. Most brilliant blue flowers have a velvety -ource of interest and profit to our CANCER AND PILES.
of them were either under the lath or texture and the plants are fairly cov- readers. There Is a Sanitarium in Belleview,
ered with bloom the whole time. Fla.. whose specialty is the treatment
the cloth shelter, but the ends of some e the A ms e ie We regret very much that it has been e ealty the treatment
All the Ageratums are nice for bou. of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
of the shoots had grown outside and quets, as they last, and look fresh a so complete a failure. We are at a without the use of the knife. Write
they were alike unhurt. A plant of long time, even in very warm weather. loss to account for it. We are very them a description of your case and
Nephroleplt exaltata growing in the Lobelia ramosa or "Heavenly blue" as loth to believe that it is owing to a receive free books by return mall. Ad-
lath shelter was not hurt, but an n. it Is mostly called, s a beatifl blue lack of interest on the part of our dress,
flowering plant, with delicate foliage. BELLEVIEW SANITARIUM,
paWund runner which had put up Nice for pots or boxes, but does not readers. But if not, then we see no J. W. Thompson, M. D., spt.
isElde the shelter and made consider- stand our mid-summer sun. way to explain it except upon one or Pes, f,
b THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
aired s the pot-olee st DeLand, Flr-
I, as smead class matter.
F.O. PAINTER & CO..
Publishers and Propritor.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
tersts of br people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Afiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
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maut he accompanied with real name. a
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Moey should be ent by Draft. Postoffce
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Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
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To inare insertion, all advertisements for
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Mona morins of each week.
Suhbsribers when writing to have the address
`# their paper changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 1901.
The State Agricultural Society has
taken steps toward doing Its share in
helping to organize a State Fair, by ap-
pointing R. E. Rose. G. P. Healey and
0. A. Danley as a committee. The
State Horticultural Society has ap-
pointed G. L. Taber, G. P. Healey and
M. EI. GIlett as a committee for the
same purpose. These are to meet the
delegates of the Press Association in
Jacksonville in March and effect an or-
We believe thoroughly In the old say-
ing, "Cultivate a crop before it is plant-
ed." Plow corn land deep, plow It
deep, plow it deep. In the North, the
front penetrates the earth a foot or
more in depth and powerfully pulversi-
es the soil, and Northern farmers raise
twenty-five to thirty bushels of corn
per acre where we ralse fifteen or twen.
ty on the same quality of land. We
ought to plow as deep as the frost
does for the Northern farmer.
We have eaten at the house of a hos-
pitable Floridlan. a prodigious worker,
who had eight kinds of vegetables on
his table from his own garden. He
had no use for "canned stuff" and
would not allow his family to purchase
It, for he had heard that it was some-
times "plzen." We do not believe the
poison In canned goods amounts to
much-we are not so certain about the
cheap baking powders-but the rip.
ped and jagged mouth of the tin can
bites the farmer's pocket book badly.
In respect to pear culture, we admit
that we stand among the ranks of the
discouraged. We once had high hopes
that the Oriental pear would become
our great summer cooking fruit, but
the blight has made such inroads upon
them that the prospect Is depressing.
For merely household use we believe
today that the apple give better prom-
ise, at least in Northern Florida, than one respect, being filled with trees, but for special denunciation; their desire
the pear. The apple tree has its great not the other, for they are nearly al. to enlarge their trade is natural and
enemy, the woodpecker, which riddles ways filled with water. The simple laudable; but they should exercise more
the bark of the trunk; but it sl far fact Is, the real swamps of Florida as care In investigating the quality and
easier to protect it from this enemy distinguished from bogs, marshes, age of seeds offered to them to sell on
by wrapping than it is to protect the quagmires, etc., are comparatively lim- commission, lest they may lend them-
pear tree from blight and the peach Ited. The vast sheet of the Everglades selves to the perpetration of a serious
tree from root knot and the curcullo. Is not a swamp in any sense of the wrong upon their customers. And this
* word, for it produces no trees, except wrong will return upon them to their
We wish we could persuade a thous- on the little mounds interpersed own injury, for worthless seeds signl-
and of our readers to plant a few rows through it called islands. A swamp Is fy defective crops and defective crops
of blackberries before spring opens. usually supposed to be soft and spongy, signify reduced purchases of dry goods
Let them be the common plants of the yielding to a tread of so light an ani- and groceries.
woods, for in their case we are cer- mal as the der, but a man may ride A Southern seed dealer cannot with
tain that they are acclimated and wi on a horse a hundred miles in a any safety purchase seeds of some of
prosper and bear fruit, and by fertllt. straight line in the Everglades the wholesale dealers in the North;
ing and cultivating they can be greatly There are marshes, muck and tide. They will furnish him inferior stock to
improved n most cases. It s a painwater lands along the St. Johns river destroy his reputation and eliminate
fu truth that we are lac g I o and other rivers, but seldom any his competition. The only absolutely
deciduous fruits in Forida. The swamps. It is these marshes that are safe plan for a Southern seedsman is
blackberry is almost without enemies, malarious, and about the only malar- to have his stock of seeds grown for
it is universally prolific, the fruit is al- ons lands n the state. We contend him by contract, each variety in that
most a substitute for apples in cook- that the swamps proper are not ma- section of the North where it is produc-
ng. Dried fruit does not keep very larous. Probably every one of our ed in ts greatest perfecelon.
well in our climate, but canned black- rtost people buy their seed as they
readers can recall some instance where Most people buy their seed as they
berries, elly and am are del some hae lived for years close by a buy their coffee, without scrutiny and
and also extremely useful. by
4 0 swamp and suffered no illness from without question. They are in sealed
Some years ago, Mr. R. Bronson, of malaria. The writer was acquainted packets; it is "buying a pig in a poke."
St. Augustine, experimented with al- with a family that lived close beside The prudent man who is suspicious of
falfa in a very small way and was a lake that had been partly drained seeds tests them in a hot stove; if they
successful. He sowed a plot about 25 by dredging a large canal, the water crepitate and dance about the stove
by 100 feet, which is only about one- had been lowered enough so that the lid, they possess vitality; if they lie
sixteenth of an acre, and in three wide flat margin of the marsh was laid still and smoke, burning down to char-
months he was able to make a cutting bare and it remained so throughout the coal, they are dead. But the purchaser
from it. That small acre supported a year. The family lived in the Inner of "store seeds" asks no questions as
cow the whole summer and he believed edge of this marshy margin which was to the age of the needs he handles, gen-
that one twice as large, or only the nearly a quarter of a mile wide, and erally he does not know the vegetative
eighth of an acre, would keep a cow drank the water of the lake and had limit of the different varieties. Who
the year round. But alfalfa seems to perfect health, shall say what mysterious change
be so difficult to make germinate and All through the true flatwoods re- takes place in the germ that causes its
live for the first two months that our gions of Northern Florida in Orange life to go out, makes It no longer fer-
ordinary legumes are probably better county. Osceola county, in Volusia, in tile and responsive to warmth and
for summer with sandy vetch for win. Putnam. In Baker and in other coun- moisture? Surely not the man who
ter, perhaps. Mr. Bronson's land was ties, hundreds of the native farmers usually buys "store seeds" just as he
ordinary pine land, and the idea of never hesitate to drink out of the buys shelf-worn calico, because he
maintaining eight cows on an acre of "branch" even though the water may can secure them a little cheaper.
such land is surprising, have flowed through a so-called swamp, Such a line of customers, asking no
* and be as highly colored as lager beer inconvenient questions, makes the
Florida Swamps. from palmetto roots. Thousands of country stores handy mediums through
The word swamp is an opprobrious lumber men drink of the water of cy- which Northern dealers can work off
one to Americans. It implies fever and press swamps with impunity, their dried-out and practically worth-
ague, a pest of mosquitoes and a We said above that the so-called cy. less seeds. Some of their traveling
wretched, sallow, hollow-eyed popula- press swamps are not, in the full sense agents. visiting an occasional store-
tion, half the time sick with malaria, of the word swamps. The common keeper in Florida more inquisitive than
In the Northern mind Florida Is too people who do not trouble themselves others, reply to inquiries: "We never
generally associated with swamps. It with the niceties of definitions, but send new seed down South, but send
is customary with many to speak of generally get the substance of things the held-over stock of last season." Or
this state as nearly an entire swamp about right within the immediate range again to another: "We never advise
and when they venture down here of their vision, seem to recognize.the er. our customers to have new seed ship.
many people, looking out from the car ror here, and they call such places, ped into this moist climate, for it Is apt
window on the long stretches of our "bay heads." In our American usage to mold."
flat woods and seeing occasional patch- bay means a place where bay-trees The truth is, the country store is a
es of water, point to these as conclu- rrow. and head is added to give a full- convenient place in which to bury
sive evidence of the truth of their be- nes or more distinctive meaning, these seeds that are too old to be guar-
lief. To sum up the matter. Florida is low anteed. When complaints are made
Old Floiridians know what their state
Is and thy know tht calg i a pl and flat and has an immense number of the non-germination of the seed, the
of swamps does not make it a swamp, of grassy lakes, also a very large num. great majority of the growers throw
but the fact remains that the word and her of small bay-heads, and .many the blame upon the store-keeper and
its significance are permanently im- marshes. But there is not another not upon the dealer who is out of sight
bedded in the language as opprobrioue; state in the Union where a greater per and out of mind.
and that the opprobrium, derived from cent. of the surface waters are whole Again we say, we do not believe the
the swamps of other lands, unjustly some to drink and free from malaria. great majority of country store-keep.
her nju ers Intentionally wrong the growers in
fastened upon Florida to her injury. Old Store Seeds. the matter of seed. It is an establish-
No doubt thousands of settlers have There is a distinct tendency on the ed system, these sealed packets of seed
been deterred from coming to this state part of the Northern seed dealers and put up in boxes are sent out to thoun .
just by this reputation. Webster's def- other venders to work off on the re- ands of merchants all over the coun-
inition of swamps is as follows: "Wet, mote states of the South and West try. The people ask for them, the peo-
spongy land; soft, low ground, satur- time-worn and otherwise stale goods. pie purchase them. Very few mer.
ated with water but not usually cov- Perhaps this is not confined to these chants can be found who will not keep
ered with it; marshy ground away states; the cross-road states, or even what the people demand.
from the seashore." older communities are the recipient of The growers themselves must break
Then he quotes from the Farming much of this doubtful patronage. Old up this business of dealing in superan-
Encyclopedia: "A swamp differs from and worthless seeds-worthless from nuated seed. Let them send by mall
a bog and a marsh in producing shrubs the loss of germinating power-are al- to reputable dealers who make it a spe-
and trees, while the latter produce her- most as conspicuous a part of the stock cial business to handle fresh seed true
bage, plants and mosses." in trade as the cracker box or the syr- to name. There is no more danger in
Now the so-called cypress swamps of up barrel. We would not single out sending money by mail, with proper
Florida conform to this definition i these rural mercantile establishments precautions, than in handing It ever
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. n
the counter. There are crooked seed-
dealers, but there are enough honorable
ones to supply the demand.
Aside from the question of age, there
Is the question of the adaptation of
Northern seeds to Florida latitudes. It
is little less than a lottery to purchase
seeds from a region north of the Ohio
to plant in this state, however fresh
they may be. Northern varieties of the
onion are worthless for Florida plant-
Ing. The same Is true, to a great ex-
tent of lettuce, beans, celery and sev-
eral other vegetables.
For a State Fair.
If we can have a first-class, substan-
tial. agricultural fair, the agriculturists
are heartily in favor of it. If it is to be
after the pattern of some of the fairs
in the older states, an exhibition of
fake-shows. Florida curiosities, "orange
cider," and the like, with a few boxes
of fruit and a few big roots of cassava
and tall stalks of cotton, then we can
very well dispense with it.
The fair, as we understand It in this
country. is peculiarly ari Institution of
our race: the other races of Europe
have not enough public spirit to bring
together a representative aggregation
of products for public instruction. They
are actuated solely by the commercial
spirit: they organize fairs simply as a
medium for an exchange of commodi-
ties. an organ of purchase and sale.
As our fairs are usually conducted
thev are not so instructive
might be made: the various
have to tell their own story.
It Is un-
satisfactory to the intelligent observer
to look at a product without knowing
how it was grown or manufactured.
Thia deficiency is partly compensated
for by the presence of exhibitors, from
whom in familiar chat the curious in
such matters may extract the Informa-
tion desired. Indeed. this is one of the
eonnseonOus benefits of the fair, the
peighborlv exchange of views and ex-
perlenes with the products before
them na a text or an object lesson.
Florida stands greatly in need of
some central actunatng motive or at-
traction to consolidate the sentiment
of the state. It is so lone. stretching
across so many degrees of latitude and
so many varieties of products that the
state Is a loose bundle of provinces.
We were surprised and gratified at the
sentiment of state pride exhibited by
the vote in favor of Tallahassee as the
political capital. Now. if Jacksonville
can. by organizing a successful fair-a
really substantial exposition and not a
Gala Week-unite upon herself the
votes of the state as an agricultural
capital. a great step will have been
taken toward creating a feeling of state
solidarity. We believe the farmers
and horticulturists will respond to our
invitation to a state fair. If the trans-
portation companies will lend assist-
ance aid the moneyed men will help
in getting an exhibition building and
grounds. Of course the rural classes
will be benefited by the exhibition and
the interchange of views; still we think
the burdens ought to be equally divid-
ed between them and what might be
called the civic classes. That is, when
the farmers furnish the exhibits they
ought to have at least half-fare for
them and for themselves, and a build-
Ing provided chiefly at the expense of
the #en-exhiblting classes.
3.a-B.- ebood at tbL- Offl.e.
"It is right and reasonable that we
should cultivate within ourself those
characteristics which will Increase oun
hold upon the lives of our fellow-men."
RATES-Twenty words, name sad addre one
week, I cents; three weeks S cents.
HOW TO FREEZE ice cream without ice.
No fake. Formula 10c. Box 18, DeLand.
FOR SALB-Small grove, orange and grape
fruit, beginning to hear. Ten acres land.
River front Five mi.s water pr tetiln.
Box 110, Myers. Ia. It
CONSIGN ORANGES TO
PORTER BROS. CO.,
WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS
FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.
CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $25o,ooo.oo.
NEW YORK. BOSTON.
MINNEAPOLIS. ST. PAUL.
WANTED--A chemist. One who has had
experience in handling fertillao nm- a J J J
trials, a tate resident preferred. E. 0.PORTER B OFFICE
p PORT JacOksonville COFla In Jacksonville is for re-
FANCY POULTRY YARD-Establishcd ceiving consignment of or-
Twelve varieties. Eggs $1 per doz. Stock for anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
sale. Plymouth Rocks.W W yandottes ando
Leghorns now laying. ALBERT FRIES. PORTER BRO. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
St. Nicholas, Fla. 4xs This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
ROSES AND VOILETS at Rosecroft. M. E.
Ten Eyck, DeLand, Fla. Rx17 NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
FOR SALE-Fruit Farm, Lake Villa Grove, ,& EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VGETABLES sheet
st Pierson, Volusia county. Fla. About 200 4
acres. This choice property will be sold k- to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO ad NEW YORK. Stencil, Maet Ques-
cheap to close an estate. Apply to Illinois tiors, ad Geneal Instuetions for shipping Florida products supplied foem the JacneavIs eMis
Trust and Savings Bank, trustee for the es-
tate of George Park Kinney, deceased, Chi-
cago Illinois. Ea SPRAY PUMPS.
WRITE to J. D. Bell, St. Petersburg, Fla.,
for pineapple plants. 2tf
CASSAVA ROOTS WANTED-Any one
having cassava roots ready for delivery
wtihln the next sixty days please ad-
dress H. B. WARDLL, Sec and Tree.
Seminole Mtg. Co., DeLand, Fla. Terms
CASH on delivery. 6xS.
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
ville. Fla. 10x31-1
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grapefrut Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tsgersin
Box 27L Orlando, Fla. It
CASSAVA SEED FOR SAL -Purchaser
may bid on them standing In 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
ayenne, Abaka and Enville City. JAS.
MOTT. Fort Myers. Fla. t31
.MOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg,
IAMAICA SORREL plants, by mai potpaid
for 2 cents er dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. .S. PRESTON, Auburndale,
t'OR 4 LB-One thousand flue sedlin pa-
per shell pecan trees Irom choice nuts.
Cheap and ready for transplanting Apply
to Mrs. ANNIE L. SMITH, Boardman,
"WHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA"-Beautiful
kodak album. Cloth and morocco binding,
Cloth 50c, morocco 75c postpaid. E .
PAINTER & CO., DeLand. Fla. 2t
BELGIAN HARES-At a price according to
size and quality. Imported pediree stock a
specialty. Correspondence solicited. H.
PRICE WILLIAMS, Miami. Fla. lxt
HERE IS YOUR CHANCE-For rent nrht
in the village of Pierson. one 10-room house
and one five-room house, each having a well
of good water, stove ,nd some furniture.
Will lease the former for t8 and tLe later
for 4 per month. Correspondence irpitd.
N. L. PIERSON, Pierson, Fla. 3
ILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county. Fla., offers for )uly
planting 25 varieties of 2 and year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX. Prop. 3tf
!;OR SALE-475 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. S acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
Myers' Knapeack Pump, 3
gal. copper tank..............$12 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 O
SBrass Bucket Spray Pump.. $ 0
Barrel Spray Pump, com-
Splete with hose, etc........ 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................... 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc ................... 70
Myers' (alifornia Favorite,
Insecticides: Lime, Sulphate of Oop
per (B1uestone),. ulphur. etc.
Pine :anad'laanor Orwag a
Slhalv Broh jope, Freak Orse
Uized Hoops, ania and s olese
Orange Wraps, Cement Oated ae
Nails.P pineapple, Beef. Cmaftlerns.
cabbage aa4 otla Crtuise; to
SCaimri-, Lettc Baskets, t
Catalogue and prie lists em a-
Room 18 RobinsonBldg.
We have a full supply of
all the best varieties of Or-
r s an== ges Pomelos, Kumquate,
planters. *an show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, rosesand ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solc5tld.
GLEN ST. MARY NURSERIES,
O. L. TABER, Proprietor,
Glen St. Mary,
VE SIE atsuma Oranges on Triolat
RIVERSIDE NURSERIES. Stock $15 to $S5 per16s. Poeah
S tees at $5 to 8 per 100......
MULBERRIES, PECANS, KUMQUATS, UMBRELLA TREE
J. A. DANIEL, - GLEN ST. MARY,FLA.
IUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
IIUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett,
Prop. Tampa, Fla.. 40.000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
apple, Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white ly. Correspondence so-
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sor or sweet orange stocks.
Best quality Low prices. Address THE
GRIFFIN BROTHERS Company, Jack.
sonville. Fla. 4ltf
WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons. Plums
Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
hor trees. Roses, Ornamentals etc. Cat
free. Address, THE GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company, Jkacks ilale, la.
Premium Offer No I. A. w .ndi pe -ac S' d
$2M will ru vcaa opmn-fa, dcm-wm
and stem-et watch, guaranteed by the manufacturers fo one year. Send Jyour awsuil
tons at once to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksoavfik, Fa.
90 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
HOUSEHOLD DEPARTMENT. in the management of the home, it Is Am(
All communications or enquiries for this de- this, teach the children to obey. Let don
apartment should be addressed to them know that obedience is expected
of them in all things and be reasonable
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, in your commands. A child that Is not "I
Household Dept. Jacksonville. taught to obey, very naturally will not that
do so. IIe is usually just what train- lova
On of our subscribers wishes to ng makes him and is not so much to said
blame for his faults as are his parents ing
know how to preserve kumquats. Will who have failed to correct those faults, Just
some of our readers kindly give us the or who only make half-hearted efforts "\
desired information. We also would to do so. One thing that is responal- of a
be pleased to hear from any of our sub- ble for many unruly children Is the ing
fact that their parents consider them witt
scribers on subjects that are of Interest too young to correct for any fault, and me
to the readers of this department. May yield to them In everything until they In a
we not depend on you to give us this are three or four years old. After this to r
help? age. if not earlier restrained, they are going
0 very apt to do things in their own way. you
My Boarders. Observation teaches that a child in the bett
cradle can understand the tone of an- TI
In the first pbtce your surroundings thority and will respond to it. If lea- wht
should look nice and neat. Guests thority and will respond to it.
should look nice and neat. Guests sons of obedience are learned In Infan. was
like t to aethings kept up an order ey the child is much easier to control her
when they go to a new place, and if In after years as he obeys almost In- the
things look nice, that will take their stinctively. If he early learns to re- while
eye first. Then they always want to shect his parents' wishes, he will find live
look at a nice-sized room, with plenty
of light, ano be treated it a part of his nature when he reach. eli
cordially, As a general thing, they are es the age of reason, for early impres- hig
oery friendly, As and in taking boarder ios are generally lasting. Discipline whe
very friendly, and in taking boarders judiciously administered is good for yea
you want to begin with them as you hin. It helps to develop the better side tenl
expect to end with them. The more of his nature and teaches him that his She
you wait on some boarders, the more very impulse must not be obeyed. He gr
they will expect you to, white other&He a
thare quite different. You should is very like a small animal and seldom cha
arete different. You shaIould not reasons beyond his own immediate ally
notice everything they say. If you do, wishes so must be taught to respect GI
you will worry all the time. We use wishes. so must be taughtt to respect i
you will worry all the time. We use tile rights of others. Everyone loves and
one boarder just as well as another. the rihts of others. Everyone loves and
S t ee e a well trained child, but shuns one of wo
They like to have their room kept n those ill-mannered ones whose first act tle
good order. We give them fresh water I on entering the house is to climb upon
in-teir room twice a day the chairs, finger the bric-a-brac, bang
For breakfast. my boarders like oat- the pianos n h n
meal and cream te first thing, andthe iao keys, and push and pull e- R
el ande reakm thea fst hin, and erything within reach, atd who light
they like buckwheat cakes an maple .rreanlIS and kicks if anything is deni- tabl
mutton chops. potatoes, wheat and rye give their child anything that he asked bro
bread, two kinds of vegetables, coffee for. no natter how much the hostess hot
For supper, coffee and tea, two kinds might prize it. and also go to the piano p
o bree a, oran rmuffains or tscui ome open it up asld put the children up to (Car,
of bread, corn muffins, or biscuit, o bang on the keys, even though the hos- rou
tcke and su e. Always havetwo fresh tess dtid not like to have it so roughly the
akes and sauce. Always have fresh handled. l
berries as long as you can get them. Why caan these aen ae e
The guests like a change of food. Le strength enough to curb these restless t
tuce Is vey nce for supper. There are little spirits? In most cases all they Se
two things they never get tired of ittee is a drestr ning hasne ao mkey Sr
fresh fruit and vegetables of all kinds, tn os e t a rh eh no ca f
We ve hken three times'a we m lovely little characters, which no al
and iee cream twice a week. When parent should hesitate to give. coy
you have ice cream for dinner, you Mrs. Caroline. o
don't hage to have any other dessert. t c lo
And give them all the fresh milk they Some Turkish Customs. add
want at the table. When they order %tur Constantinople correspondent hal
things separate to what the others writes: "It is not generally known one
have, make them pay extra for it. that there exists among Turkish ladies rei
In taking boarders, if you are sat- of high class a kind of caste feeling qo
ated so you can raise all of your veg- similar to that prevailing among the nnd
etabics and fruit and your poultry, Ifindoos. It takes the form of a fear eol
theyon yu have your own fresh of containation from the outer f
eggs and can save lots of money. The ,vorld, and is only observed, %as far as bol
mbre fruit and vegetables you give I know, by those who cannot afford to of
tiam, the less meat they eat. The meat keep servants in sufficient numbers.
bill is the highest to pay. We sow peas Before meal s always wash their lY
egry-two weeks. There are two kinds hands t a tap from which the water e
of vegetables they never get tired of Irus into a marble basin. They will nre
-green peas and ripe tomatoes. And turn on the tap whhen they are just ful
you must surely have a little flower going to wash, but when they hqve hot
garden, so you can have flowers to put: finished they let the water run tinl ti
on' your table. Flowers are a great somebody shuts it off, as to -do It all
improvenient to the table. and all city themselves would make them unclean. ni
people areare very fond of them. They cannot open or shut a door, as po
They like plenty of rocking chairs the handle would be unclean, so a wa
and hammocks. a croquet ground and slave Is generally kept handy for the Ing
Jewn tennis. They like plenty of out- purpose. C
0oor Aports. We live on a farm and "One of these fastidious ladies was po
have'kept boarders for 18 years.-Am- talking to a small niece the other day thr
eriea# Agriculturist. who had just received a present of a bee
Sas beautiful doll from Paris. The child th
Training the Children. presently laid the doll on the lady's 11t
Z-_dttor Household Department: lap. who was horrified, and ordered Pu
i'1 there is one thing that I should the child to take it away. As the lit. Pla
Ime to emphasize more than another tle girl would not move it, and no If I
servant was near, and the lady would
be defiled by touching a doll that was
brought from abroad, the only thing
she could think of was to Jump up and
let the doll fall, which broke to pleces.
The same lady will not open a letter
coming by post, but a servant opens It
and holds it near her for her to read.
If her handkerchief falls to the ground
it is immediately destroyed or given
away. so that she could not use it
again. This curious state of exclu-
siveness or fanaticism exists, I am
. In many of the large harems.
ong men it is not practiced.-Lon.
Painting Her Portrait.
f I could be such an old lady as
, so beautiful, serene, sweet and
ble, I shouldn't mind growing old,"
a young girl the other day, speak-
of a white haired visitor who had
Vell. If you want to be that kind
n old lady, you'd better begin mak.
her right now," laughed a keen
ed companion. "She doesn't strike
as a piece of work that was done
Shurry; It has taken a long time
make her what she is. If you are
ig to paint that sort of portrait of
rself to leave to the world, you'd
er be mixing your colors now."
he merry words were true and
ether she willed it or not the girl
Already "mixing the colors" for
portraalt and drawing day by day
outlines of the mature womanhood
ch shall yet brighten or darken the
Around her. Many a careless
ish girl has in her inmost heart no
her ideal than "to be like mother"
'n she shall have reached mother's
rs: but in the meantime she is con.
t to be as unlike her as possible.
has an idea that age brings Its
ces with It, and that a beautiful
racter comes like silver hair, natur-
and without effort.
ris, you are outlining your future
choosing its coloring now. The
nan you wish to be must begin In
Some New Dishes.
acon Fraze.-Beat- four eggs very
t; add one-half cupful of milk, one
lespoonful of flour and one salt-
onful of pepper; lay eight or nine
slices of bacon In a hot frying-
;when slightly brown, turn and
r over them the prepared butter;
wn on both sides and serve on a
coached Eggs and C.lery.-Arrange
fully poached eggs neatly on
nds of hot buttered toast. Fill In
center of the dish with a pint of
ry cut into inch lengths and cook.
in boiling water until tender, then
red Into a cupful of cream sauce.
ve very hot.
reamed Liver.-Cut one pound of
"s liver in Inch-square pieces and
er with cold water; add one tea-
onful of lemon Juice and one whole
ve and simmer gently for one hour;
Sone-half teaspoonful of salt after
f an hour; pour off water and add
-half pint of rich milk or thin
am: mix a heaping teaspoonful of
ir with one tablespoonful of butter
I add as soon as the milk or cream
Is: add one-fourth of a teaspoonful
salt. a pinch of white pepper and let
I up once. Serve on small squares
faryland Oysters.-Sprinkle gradual-
three-fourths pint of Indian (corn)
al into one quart of boiling water,
viously salted with a large teaspoon-
of salt; allow it to boil half an
Ir. Drain one pint of oysters of their
tor. and stir them Into the mush;
>w 10 minutes longer, then pour the
xture into a square mold or a baking
order can which has been wet in cold
ter. Cut in neat slices in the morn.
and fry.-Rural New Yorker.
hoo fine one head of cabbage and
ir over it the following dressing:
ee well beaten eggs to which has
n added a cup of vinegar, two or
ee cups of sugar, one tablespoon of
ter and one teaspoonful of salt.
t this on the stove until It thickens.
ivor with mustard, celery or pepper
THE SUPERIOR FENCE MACHINE
Sis made of steel
It's strong and
Durable. You can
build any kind of farm fence with it
to fit the ground. You can build 40 to
00 rods a day, at less than half the
cost of any ready-made fence. Cata-
logue free. Price $4.75, charges pre-
paid. Superior Fence Machine Co,
184 Grand River Ave., Detroit, Mich.
Good agents wanted.
FITS FOR l I will send you a
F | prescription or formula.
Your druggist can compound it. he
medicine will cure epileptic fits and
nervous diseases. I will also send diet
list. C. D. KNAPP, Avon Park, Fla.
We would like to secure an
agent in every town and ham-
let in Florida. Write at once.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
SEEDS KINS Seeds!
Vegetable, Garden and Flower.
t Send for Catalog. iJ
CHAS. RAYMOND, Li".. .
GREGORY SEEDS ARE SAFE.
The Firm Guarantees Them in Three
A word to farmers and gardeners
who want to be sure about their seed.
The handsome new catalogue of J. J.
H. Gregory & Sons, the long-establish-
ed seed firm, of Marblehead. Mass., is
ready for distribution. There are
many novelties described and Illustrat-
ed in this book, as well as all the stand-
ard grains, vegetables and flowers. A
paragraph on page one tells one reason
why buyers of Gregory seeds can feel
sure of what they are getting. In
plain language the firm of Gregory &
Son warrant their seeds in three ways,
making everything absolutely sure but
the crop, which must depend not only
on good seed, but on soil, fertilizer,
weather and cultivation. All the Greg-
ory seeds are carefully tested by nearly
two thousand tests every season- and
thousands' of dollars worth of seedi
are thrown away, all of it more or less
good, but not up to the standard, for
honest seed. This cegtalogue can be
had free by writing for It. and should
be read by everyone who plants seeds
There Is no man suddenly either ex-
cellently good, or extremely evil.-S--
ao wM WVM poWoa ., W VO IN
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. *
POWLTRY AND BRAbE IPART-
Al communications or enquiries for this de-
partment bsould be addressed to
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla.
One of the best aids to keeping your
fock in a healthy condition is to give
them warm, dry, clean quarters, having
sufficient ventilation to keep them
comfortable during our long hot sum-
mers. Fowls need to be protected
from the weather as much in Florida
as In any other state. It is not neces-
sary that the house should be tight,
but it should be built in such a way
that the roosts are always dry and free
frdm draughts of air. Sufficient venti-
lation can be provided by making the
sides of the house of slats, placed
about two or three inches apart. The
slats should only extend to the edge
of the roof, which should be rain and
wind proof. Make the roof quite steep
and place the roosts within it. Then
see to it that the house is kept clean.
It is but a few moments' work to rake
or sweep It out each morning. This
constant cleaning is a great aid in
keeping the fowls free from mites,
fleas, and other vermin. Never allow
them to nest in this house, but provide
nesting places somewhere convenient,
the south side of the house is a good
place. Change and burn the straw fre-
quently, and also occasionally saturate
the sides of the boxes with kerosene
and burn them out, and you will have
very little trouble from mites. When
burning out the boxes, remove them
and allow the flames only to blaze up
well and then extinguish. There lb
very little danger of fire if you are
Vigor and Health.
A healthy flock is one-half the ad-
vantage. It may be said that, in the
breeding of poultry, hardiness should
be the main object. This, however, is
not so in actual practice. Selection is
usually made for feathering, marking,
coloring and size, rather than with re-
gard to the future health of the birds.
The fancier hopes to produce points in
his future birds, while the poultry
keeper seems only to want to keep up
his number of birds and eggs. If one
desires the best birds, whether from
the fancier's or ordinary poultry keep-
er's point of view, he must not only
weed out the weakest and most useless
of his stock, but, in adding to that
stock, must purchase only those birds
which are really fit for the purpose,
health and vigor to be given preference
in selecting the stock.
Forcing the Hens.-Many breeders
advise that farmers should force their
hens to lay in winter by heavy feed-
ings, as eggs are high in price in cold
weather. It is not so easy to force
hens to lay as may be supposed. Hun-
dreds of hens that are well fed in win-
ter do not lay. The fact is, that the
food is but a factor in the matter. It
is not natural for'birds to lay in win-
ter, and to induce hens to lay at that
season, they must have spring and
summer conditions, such as warm
quarters, an opportunity to exercise,
and food of a varied character, avoid-
ing grain in excess.
Diphtheria in Fowls. Diphtheria
among fowls has made considerable
ravages .uis year. It is said that one
of the. most valuable remedies found
for its cure is papain (the active
principle of the tropical pawpaw tree),
which dissolves away the false mem-
brane. It is applied with a camel's
hair brush to the diphtheric patches
three times a day. The remedy is one
which is not usually known, hence as
given not from knowledge. Diphtheria
is known as "canker" when it attacks
Wire Fences.-The form and height
of the fence inclosing the poultry yard
should be according to the variety kept.
A fence for a lot of active Leghorns
would be worthless if built five feet
high, such as one would use for the
Cochins or Brahmas. Wire netting,
stretched neatly from posts eight or
ten feet apart, to the height of about
ten feet. will usually meet all the re-
quirements.-Mirror and Farmer.
The Plymouth Roeks.
Plymouth Rocks are claimed by some
to combine more of the desirable qual-
ities that go to make up a profitable
fowl than any others. Their marked
characteristics are hardiness, early ma
turity. excellent flesh, and as layers in
winter. They are sufficiently hardy to
endure our severest winters, and can
be hatched early in the spring-about
the middle of March-and at ninety
days old will weigh from two to three
pounds, not being all framework, but
!lump and well feathered, with flesh
in the right place: in short, just such
as will command the outside price in
any market at the early season of the
year. They are not the largest of the
breeds, nor the best for all purposes
as they do not excel in everything re.
quired. mature fowls weighing about
fifteen pounds to the pair: but this
weight they will make up in less time
than is required for the Asiatics, tak-
ing into account the proportion of flesh
and bone. They are much more active
than the Brahmas or Cochins, are good
foragers when given a run, and if nec-
essary stand confinement. remarkably
well. never trying to get over a six-
foot fence around their Inclosure. Pul-
lets hatched in April generally begin
laying by the first of November, and
continue through the winter into late
spring without becoming broody; and
for the latter reason they will lay more
eggs in a year than some other breeds.
-Farm and Fireside.
Raising Ducks for Market.
To do this satisfactorily and success-
fully one should live on a large farm.
nlso be a good distance from neighbors,
for the odor from a flock of ducks is
very disagreeable. A plant in which
3,000 ducks can be raised, could be
built for $400. including the incubators.
Some buy all their eggs, others raise
their own and the latter Is considered
the most satisfactory method. A flock
of 75 to 100 breeders will give all the
eggs necessary and oftentimes 1,000 or
more to sell. Duck eggs are not apt to
be as fertile as hens' eggs, also they
do not hatch as well, but ducks are un-
like chicks in this respect, for 98 per
cent. of the ducks hatched can be
raised. Ducklings have almost no dis-
ease and in this respect again they dif-
fer from chicks.
If ducklings grow as they should
they may be marketed in seven to
nine weeks, weighing 9 to 10 pounds
per pair, but to do this they must be
fed of the proper food five or six times
a day until they are three weeks old,
then four times will be sufficient. The
water should never be allowed to get
out of their fountains, for careful wa-
tering is more essential than food.
Many people are careless in this respect
and the result is stunted ducks that
never can be made to come up to
standard weight. Here is the plan for
raising ducks front shell to killing time,
as used by a most successful plant.
For the first week feed equal parts
of rolled oats and bread crumbs, 10 per
cent. hard-boiled eggs chopped fine and
5 per cent. coarse sand. From one week
to one month feed equal parts of rolled
oats and wheat bran, 10 per cent. corn
meal. 5 per cent. coarse sand, 5 per
cent. fine ground beef scraps, soaked,
and some finely cut green clover, rye
or cabbage. From four to seven
weeks feed equal parts corn meal,
wheat bran and Quaker oat feed, 5
per cent. of fine grit and 5 per cent.
of beef scrap. Mix in a goodly supply
of green food. From seven to nine
weeks give fattening food. Feed two.
thirds corn meal, one-third equal parts
of wheat bran and oat feed, 10 per cent.
of beef scrap and 5 per cent. of grit.
Give oyster shells and only what green
food they will eat readily. Feed three
times a day all they will eat. Too
much green food in the last two weeks
has a tendency to make the flesh soft,
and it will not ship as well.
The business of raising broiler ducks sousarras TimsS U
is often carried on In connection with l
a small fruit farm, the fruit trees giv-
ing the necessary shade to the ducks
and the ducks supplying the fertilizer Western Poultry Farm
needed for the trees. The ducks
can be confined in- yards by two-foot MARSHALL, MO.
nettings. An old box supplies all the 4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 2e.
shelter they need. Twenty-five cents It tells how to make podltry als
net per head is considered an average profitable. It is up to date. mp m ge.
Send to day. We sell best liquid e ill-
profit, although much more is obtained er for ct. aper llon Aluminm lC
for early ducks, but t!is is a good av- bands for poultry, I dos.. S ots; S ftor
erage for 3.000 to 10,000 ducks raised cts: 5o for o5 cts: 100 for S.
per year. If the feathers are properly
taken care of they bring from 25 to 30 HENS TEETH WOUN
cents per pound. This Is quite an item 1L.EE11 TERE SHELLS.
to be looked after, as at the end of the To properly digest its food the fowl
killing season it amounts to quite a must have grit. What teeth are to the
sum. human being grit is to the fowL We
It is not necessary to have a pond can now furnish ground oyster shells,
or some water for these ducks to swim from freshly opened oysters, from
in. Broiler ducks are never allowed which all the dust and dirt has bee
In water, as it gives a muddy flavor to screened, to supply this grit which i
the flesh. Many breeders claim that lacking in nearly al parts of Floreda
eggs are more apt to be fertile and Goods very Inferior to ours and ftn
hatch much stronger ducks, if the of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
breeding ducks have access to water. $1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
In summer if- one lives near a creek offer it at
a few miles from the salt water, where 100 Ib bag, 75e. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
there is an abundance of wild oath E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksovmfle,
growing, they will find a great saving Fla.
in grain, as ducks let out early n the Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
morning will forage all day for them- tilizers and dealers In all kind of Fe'-
selves, only coming up in the evening utilizing Material.
to get a meal of soft feed.-American
Agriculturist Orange and Kum Quat
Diphtheria in Poultry. Nursery Stock.
As an Instance of the contagious na- Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
ture and deadly effects of diphtheria table. Also a general line of Fruit
Professor Gerhardt, of Wartzburg, Trees, Roses, Shrubs, etc. Prices
stated that twenty-six hundred fowls low. Freight paid.
were sent from Verona to the neigh- SUMMIT NURSERIES,
borhood of Nesselhausen, in Baden, D. L. Pierson, Pro.,
where there is a great fowl-rearing es- lMoatceall, Fa.
tablishment. Some of them must have
been affected with diphtheritls be. TOBAC
fore they started and in the end four- TOBAC O DUST
teen hundred of them died with it.
In the summer one thousand chicks If your fowls are troubled with lce
were hatched from eggs collected from or Jiggeras send $1.25 and get 100
many different places. Six weeks af- pounds of tobacco dust and arrlnkle
ter their hatch diphtheria manifested it in your coops. The tobacco is gear-
itself among the chickens so badly that anteed to be unleached. F.nd 2 cent
in a short time all died. A parrot that tampckor ample-. 0. PaFinter l&
hung in a cage in the house was also a onvlle.
attacked, but recovered. In November
an Italian (Leghorn) hen, while being F SALE
painted about the jaws with carbolic
acid by the chief keeper, bit the man's AT A
wrist and foot. He became ill with
fever, considerable swelling at the Special Bargain
wounded parts occurred, with all the
symptoms of thaumatic diphtheritis. ON EASY TERMS.
His recovery was very tedious. This Several fine bearing orange and
was not the only case of transmission grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
of the disease to men. Two-thirds of all frut now. Will guarantee them to pay
the laboring persons employed about fifteen to cwenty-fve per cent on In-
the establishment became ill with or- vestment this year.
dinary diphtheria, one man conveying
the infection to his three children. It Lyle & Co. rrtow, FL.
is worth knowing that during all this
time no other diphtheria cases occurred
at Nesselhausen or in the neighbor- li!
hood. and the inference seems obvious PAGE
that all these cases originated with the I T
sick fowls.-Exchange. Our Recent Sales
look as Uhouh everybody btd sworn off buyin ay
"YOUR GRAND MOTHER'S GAR- other fene than te PAE Do you want nme
DEN" *'; w,,vi. waug g 't o .numI.)aI.
is the headline of an advertisement ap-
pearing in our columns of the old-es-
tablished seedsmen and florists, Peter For
Henderson & Co.. 35 and 37 Cortlandt Fruit Crow ers
street, New York. Fruit
Their advertisement offers their an. F LI
nual superb Catalogue entitled "Every- U Penh
thing for the Garden," which is in re- -iibaphsate aushbsTl
ality a book of 190 pages, containing FIGICID1
over seven hundred engravings and O e
eight superb colored plates. This Cat- Mia r phaee B.
alogue is sent to all who send ten cents INSECTICIDES
in stamps to cover the cost of postage Anenate Lime. Parl. Oeen. Amense
and mailing. In addition to the Cata- ion.whLilsoa %-e u
logue. this firm, wishing to trace the re. send for prices. Estabjw.', Sim
suit of their advertising in different pa- W. 8. POWELL & ;O.,
pers, will send free, to all who order alMtamo, Md.
Catalogue and state where they saw
the advertisement a trial collection of
six packets of choice vegetable and YOU OUGHT TO KNOW
flower seeds, contained in a red enve- eveeMfo7me a bwe
lope, which when empty and returned ot
with an order from Catalogue will be g t ..I
accepted as twenty-five cents in part Il'L. n.e_ j it-
payment. We advise our readers to r "en.Ue Ineeo esue'
avail themselves of this unusually lib- e th. If 'ie I.your-dIses
eral offer. eibs &lmua wIrcm ~* i
s THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
For The Florida Agriculturist: *
FLO'S AND FAN'S MIS-
"Girls," said Mr. Fenton, addressing
his two daughters at the breakfast ta-
ble one morning, "you may put the
spare bed-room in order, I am expect-
ing a boarder for the remainder of this
winter; I am to meet him this even-
ing at the station."
"A boarder!" exclaimed Florrie, the
younger of the girls, "Oh, papa, who
is It, and why is he coming here?"
"Well, father," said Louise. before he
could answer her sister, "you have
given us short notice. The room should
have more attention than we shall
have time to give it today."
"I could not tell you any sooner," re.
plied her father. "I have been corres-
ponding with this gentleman for some
time; it seems that he saw my name in
The Florida Agriculturist when I wrote
that article concerning strawberry
culture; but I was not aware that he
was on his way to Florida till I re-
ceived this telegram."
"But why is he coming, papa? You
have not told us," persisted Florrie.
"He is coming. Florrie. because he
wants a change of climate. He thinks
of purchasing land here, and he wants
some recreation, hunting and fishing,
or doing nothing, as he pleases, for a
while, so have things ready-and,
Florrie, give me a lunch of biscuit,
eggs. bacon and potatoes, I am off to
the strawberry patch to work; I will
not come home for dinner."
Florrie arranged the lunch in a tin
bucket, adding a good sized slice of
dried apple pie. and Mr. Fenton put it
with his farming implements into the
wagon which was soon rattling at a
lively rate down the road.
"Well, now, what is to be done first?"
asked Florrie, dropping into a chair.
"I do not see, Louise. how we can put
up with a boarder when we have the
work to do, and he is sure to have
two or three bird dogs to race over my
flowers or forever trying to sleep in
the house. Besides he may be disagree-
able. or our ooiking won't suit him.
Oh, it Is intolerable! I detest him and
his dogs already."
Louise laughed at Florrie's woeful
countenance. "Well," she said, "he
might be young, good-looking, and
agreeable, so do not take a dislike to
him and his imaginary dogs before he
"Oh. he is sure to have the dogs,"
said Florrie. "I could put up with him,
but the dogs-never! By the way,
papa did not tell us his name, after all
"Let us finish up the regular work,"
said Louise, "then put the spare room
in order, and this afternoon, we will
be free to do some extra cooking."
Florrie arose and tied on her blue
check apron, she cleared the table while
Louise carried some coffee and toast
to her aged grandmother, who seldom
left her room so early in the morning,
then she busied herself with her house-
hold duties, after which she and Flor-
rie went to the room to be occupied by
their boarder. It was thoroughly
swept and dusted. The floor was bare,
but- a number of hoine-made rugs add-
ed an air of comfort. The freshly
whshed, white scrim curtains were
hling and looped very gracefully;
the bureau wore its prettiest cover,
and the chairs their daintiest tidies.
Louise filled a basket with some of
their yellowest oranges and placed it
on a table near the window, then she
gathered some red roses and sprays ot
honeysuckle and put them in a glass
"That is all now, I think," she said
to' Florrie. "except a lamp and match-
es," and these she soon had in place.
Then she closed the blinds remarking
tlat his room was ready for him, but
that with its bare floor it did not look
After dinner the two girls remained
in the kitchen to cook, and from the
rattle of tins and spoons, and the stir-
ring and beating of eggs, grandma
knew that some nice edibles would
grace the pantry shelves.
When they bad finished they went to
their room to rest and to make them.
selves more presentable. The afternoon
passed slowly away. Mr. Fenton came
home just as the sun disappeared be-
hind the tall pines beyond the house.
He changed his dusty garments and
hurried away to the station.
IToulse set the table that night with
unusual care, placing upon it a pitch.
er of milk, a dish of her freshly churn-
ed butter, strawberry Jam and jelly
of her own make, while Florrie tried
to make her biscuits lighter than ever.
The lamps had been lighted and the
girls sat with their grandmother await-
ing their father's return.
Louise and Florrie were neatly.
though plainly dressed, for they had
too much work to do to be otherwise
arrayed when at home. They both
wore dark cheviot skirts with prettily
Florrie was only seventeen, not out
of the school-room yet, at least she
went every day to the public school
that Louise did not need her at home.
She was somewhat small and was a
pretty girl in spite of the tan that the
sun and winds of Florida will impart.
Her hair was almost black and curled
slightly around her forehead. Her
eyes were dark and bright, though she
could not boast much color in her face
except in her very pretty little mouth.
She was looking extremely well to.
night in her well fitting gray skirt
and jaunty red waist.
Louise was much taller than her sis-
ter and seven years older. Her face
was much more thoughtful, and in
manner she was more dignified. She
was the house-keeper, the useful prac.
tical'member of the family. Her fath.
er and Florrie had looked up to her
ever since the mother had died.
Thle train was on time tonight and
before long the wagon was heard at
"Our boarder has arrived." said Lou-
ise. "and his dogs?" asked Florrie mis-
There was a bustle at the door and
Mr. I'enton entered, valise in hand, fol-
lowed by a gentleman with another-
ald--yes, sure enough, capering
aroundd the legs of tle stranger was a
handsome brown spotted bird dog, and
a bark outside indicated the presence
of another which came dashing into
the room after its master.
"Down Fan! Lie down Flo!" he com-
Then the Misses Fenton found them-
selves being introduced to Mr. H. Del
more. A few pleasant words were ex.
changed and Mr. Delmore was shown
to his room, and soon the supper bell
was heard ringing its clear invitation
to partake of the evening meal.
"Well." said Louise, three hours lat
or when the girls had gone to their
room, "how do you think you will like
"Oil, I dare say. I shall get on with
liin," said Florrie. "but I told you Lou
ise. lie would bring dogs. By the way
what did the dogs eat?"
"I gave them some cold corn bread
sweet potatoes and a pan of clabber,'
replied her sister.
"Enough to have fed my two dozen
voung chickens." grumbled Florrie. "1
think papa should double his board bill
I do not intend to permit them to run
in and track the floors as they did to
"I wonder how you will help it,'
said Louise, as she blew out the lamp
Two months slipped quietly away
very husy months to the Fenton girls
There was nmuchi extra cooking to Ib
done on account of their boarder, an
Plorrie attended school every day
when not compelled to remain at home
to assist Louise.
Mr. Delnore seemed to feel very
much at hoinet at his boarding place
He was often gone all day hunting o
fishing and ihe supplied the table witi
fresh game. Sometimes it was a fev
squirrels. perch or small trout front
the lake, or a dozen or two quails tha'
Flo and Fan startled from their hiding
places in the woods. He took much in
terest in Mr. Fenton's farm work, es
specially tile strawberry patch and of
ten went away to look at land an
farms for sale. lie thought it probably,
he said, that he would make his home Women as Well as MM
In Florida at some future time.
He was a large, good natred, jovial Are Made Miserable by
kind of a man. Florrie said he could l Tr e
fairly shake with laughter at almost Kdney Trouble.
anything. He liked his boarding place
and declared he was rapidly going up Kidney trouble preys upon the mind, di-
to a hundred and seventy-five pounds. courage and lesens ambition; beauty, vgor
Louise, he treated always with quiet and cheerfulness
deference, but he seemed to think that ~ disappear whether d-
Florrie was made especially to be teas- -" neys are out of order
ed. or diseased.
He could not quite understand Flor- Kd- Kidney trouble ba
rie, sometimes she was her own bright, become so prevalent
vivacious self, ready for nis teasing, "that t isnotunoommno
and taking it humorously, while at for a child to be born
times she appeared to be angry, was afflicted with wek -
even rude if he addressed her, or she neys. If the child mr-
held herself entirely aloof for a da t too often f th
or two. He did not know why, but urine scald the fesh or f, when the ChI
Florrie knew. Flo and Fan were rere- aches an age when it should be able to
quently up to some piece of mischief, control the passage It t nt e with
Sbeswehtting, depend ipon ft. the came of
then she was as antagonistic toward t difficulty s kidney trouble, ndthe t
the dogs' master as to them. step should be towards the treatment of
True, she often had cause to be angry tbese important organs. Thi unpleasant
about their behavior, but Louise never trouble is due to a diseased condition of the
would let her complain or make a fuss kidneys and bladder and not to a habit a
about it to Mr. Delmore. They some- most people suppose.
times tracked the clean floors with Women as well as men are made ms-
their muddy feet, and once Florrie had erable with kidney and bladder trouble,
found some long sprouts broken off and both need the same gret remedy.
her choicest budded roses; she found a The mild and the Immdiate effect of
piece of her unfinished fancy work in Swamp-Root is soon realized. It i sold
the back yard in the dirt, but how they by drug its, fifty-
got it she never knew. One day she cent and one dollar
saw Fan leisurely trotting out of the sizes You may have
house with one of her slippers in her sample bottle by mail
mouth. One of her white aprons upon free, also pmphlet tell- meo
which she had spilled grease, she t-ing al of test t onial letten man te
thoughtlessly left at the wash shed. from sufferers cured. In writing Dr. Kilmer
and when she found it, there wasa & Co. Binghamton, N. Y., be sum and
rent in it and the grease spot had been m kon tt paper
very neatly gnawed out. But the
crowning piece of mischief that most
provoked her was yet to come. She THE "COMMON SENSE"
went one morning to look for hen's AN
nests as she needed some eggs for mak- ORANGE SIZER AND RADER.
ing cakes and custards. She found a -
nest had been broken up and discover- Ceapest ad Bt S er *thel-Mot.
ed Flo in the act of eating an egg not
far off. Over 1,400 in use in Florida, Call*
"That Is what becomes of our eggs," fornia, Jamaica, and in the large com-
said Florrie to herself. "I have been mission houses of New York, Boston,
just fairly longing to give those dogs a Philadelphia, and other points.
sound whipping before they leave; it Orange sizer, G Combined
will do me good, and I mean to do it" without hop- grapefruit a
She tore a keen switch from a plum per only $6. orange sisers,
tree and administered some well de- With hopper, ] without hop-
served whacks, holding Flo by the col- $8.50. pe r 8, $8.00.
lar. "There, you ugly beast," she said, Same w I h
"I could- hopper $10.50.
"l)on't!" said a man's voice near. Mr.
Delmore had come from somewhere
upon the scene unexpectedly.
Florrie's face was flushed and angry,
partly from mortification at being dis-
covered. "And why not?" she said.
"She fully deserves it; look at the eggs
she has been eating. I really cannot
get enough to cook with, besides, she
as broken my roses. Oh, it is a shame,
yet you do not want her whipped!" Brights and Russets can be sized
'I know."said Mr. Delmore, "that she and graded at the same time. Capacity
deserves it. but that would not break of $8.50 machine, 500 boxes per day.
her of her bad habits; she must be Capacity of $6.00 machine, 200 boxes.
- cured another way. Besides," taking Send for Circular.
the switch. "I do not like to see a wo-
man whip a dog." J.T. CAIRNS, - DeLand, Fla.
"Oh, you are angry with me, now, 1
"No, I am not, indeed," he said kind- Well Digging Outfit
Sly, "but this is an ugly weapon In yorm For Sale.
I hands. My dogs should not have an-
n oyed you like this, if I had known. We have a steam well-digging outit
I will take them to John Smith to keep
Sthe little time I have to remain here. with tools complete or boring well
I think of going next week to South from four to twelve Inches diameter,
Carolina again. I had thought- which we can sell at less than half
but he stopped, turned abruptly and the original cost. Any one interested
,went into the house.
went int the tho ughe I n getting a well-digging outfit cheap,
s. "What was it lie thought, I wonder,"
e mused Florrie to herself, when he left please correspond with us.
I her. "So he is going. It seems to me E. O. PAINTER t 'CO.,
Sit will be rather lonely when he has Jacksoville, Fla
e gone; oh. If he did not like dogs, how
nice he would be!"
y Mr. Delmore kept his promise about
.the dogs. and they gamboled among Budded and Grafted
r Florrie's roses no more.
h She came home from school one Mulgob Mangoes.
Thursday afternoon, bringing one of
a her books in order to be prepared for Imported from India; absolutely free
t an examination. She sat on the piazza from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
g studying until Louise summoned her Largest assortment of Crotons in the
- to the kitchen. She laid the book care- United States.
. lessly on the floor by her chair, think-
- ing to come back In a short time, but Also Citrus stock. Address,
d as Louise kept her busy, the book was JOHN B. BEACH.
e forgotten, and after supper when she Weat Palm Becb, M.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. is
went to get it, it was nowhere to be'He had left them behind at the old
seen. Fiorrie expected nothing but home, though Florrie insists that he
to fail in examination. The next morn- shall send for them, and be promises
Ing it was discovered that.- Flo bad her that he will, when he can arrange
escaped from John Smith and had them quarters of their own, where
come back to her old quarters, their frolics will not be over budded
"That accounts for my book being roses, and verbena beds.
gone," said Florrie, and after a Marguerite.
search around the yard she found it Seffner, Florida.
not much injured, but damp from the *
heavy dew. Mr. Delmore was absent EX-GOVERNOR OF MISSISSIPPI
and knew nothing at all about it. Flor- TESTIFIES TO THE MERITS OF
rie did not stand so well in the exami- SLOAN'S LINIMENT.
nation as she wished and came home Jackson, Miss., May 5, 1900.
sadly out of humor. Dr. Earl Sloan, Boston, Mass.,
Mr. Delmore was on the front plaz- Dear Slr:-Some months since your
za. "Please put away your books," traveling agent, Col. J. L. Collins,
said he."and take a walk to the ?ake. presented to me a few sample bottles
the afternoon is very raen iful." of your liniment, insisting that I give
"I don't feel much like enjoying it." it a fair trial when occasion might de-
replied Florrie with a forced smile. mand. Since that time several instan-
"Yet, I wish you would come," he ces with tenants on my plantation re-
said. "I would like to see the lake be. quiring a remedy of this kind turned
fore I leave. I am going tonight." up, and must say with candor it act-
"Can you not walk alone?" ed like a charm and was perfectly
"I do not wish to go alone. Will you marvelous In its effects. I am sure that
come? I have something to say to it is a remedy that fully merits all that
you." is claimed for it, and I cheerfully re-
"Yes," said Florrie indifferently. She commend it to all people suffering with
supposed he had heard about the dog's any complaint requiring antiseptic.
last escapade, and wanted to tell her (Signed) Robert Lowry,
how sorry he was. So together they Ex-Governor of Mississippi.
walked to the lake. -
The afternoon was as he had said OUT OF T'x E SOUP.
very beautiful. It was one of those
warm spring days when the winds
murmured softly in the tops of the
pines; long festoons of gray moss idly
swung in the breeze; the oaks were
touched with a fresher green; the lake,
with the tints of the sunset's gold and
crimson upon its ripples, lay before
them; and little wild violets were
blooming along their pathway. Florrie
stooped now and then to gather some
as they walked on. "Pretty, are they
not?" she asks.
"Yes," he said, "but unlike the cultl-
rated violets they lack odor, but what
Is the matter, has something gone
wrong today? You look unhappy as
"I could scarcely feel otherwise than
out of temper," Interrupts Florrie. "Do
you know what Flo's last piece of mis-
No, Mr. Delmore did not know.
"Then I will tell you that she caused
me to make a failure in examination
to-day," and Florrie explained it all.
Mr. Delmore was very, very sorry,
but he said, "Let us talk of something
less prosaic than examinations and
more interesting than dogs. It seems
out of place here. I want to speak
of something else. The truth Is I have
fallen in love with a petulant little
school girl who does not like my dogs,
and who may not like me. I do not
know, can you tell If she does? I
know you are young, yet," he continues
as Florrie does not answer, "but I can
wait; you may have time to think over
"And is that what you wished to say
to me?" asked Florrie. "You scarcely
know me yet.
"I am twenty-nine, and I think 1
know my own heart, and I am very
much in earnest.'
"Mr. Delmore," Florrie said quietly,
"nothing could induce me to try to like-
a man who keeps dogs. You like them.
I do not. They would cause trouble
as they have always done; it will not
"I have always pictured my wife,
should I ever be so fortunate as to
have one-a dear, domestic little crea-
ture, petting my dogs-'love me, love
my dog,'-you know."
"Then, please leave me out of your
mental picture," Interrupted Florrie.
"My dogs have caused more mischief
than I thought," said Mr. Delmore,
"but they shall not stand between us."
He was so persistent that Florrie
found herself yielding to his entreaties
and listening to his promises in spite
of her determination never to marry
a man who kept dogs.
He went away, as he had said he
must do, but ere many months had
passed, he came again, this time to the
pretty farm that he had purchased, and
the next year when the violets bloom-
ed again Florrie became mistress of
the neat cottage with its fower gar-
d&, but Flo and Fan were not there.
Receivers Discharged at the End of
Only Five Months.
The Page Co. Doing Business in Their
Own Name Again.
The friends of the Page Woven
Wire Fence Co., of Adrian, Mich.,
who have stood by that company so
nobly in their temporary financial
inmbarrassment, will learn with great
satisfaction of the company's being re-
capitalized at $1,000,000.u0, every dol-
lar paid in, and every share sold. The
receivers have been discharged, and
the company is again in possession of
its entire property which includes the
steel, rod and wire mills at Monessen,
ia., and its original Adarin plant.
The management is not materially
changed. '1he capacity for weaving
fence will be quite largely increased
and they are in hopes to be able to
supply the spring's demand as fast as
it is called for. They tell us that ev-
ery spring they have run short of fenc-
ing and have been unable to supply
solue of their customers.
It seems as though the farmers and
stockmen were really standing by
them in their endeavor to furnish a
fence not made by a trust.
One of the officers of the company
states it this way: "People who have
never bought before are buying now,
and those who have bought before are
buying more. Our sales in November,
1900, exceeded those of November,
18l, by 254 miles, and sales for De-
cember, 1900, exceeded those of De-
cember, 1899, by 473 miles, and the
sales so far in January are not falling
This company are and have been
heavy advertisers, and their product
is known in every hamlet in the Unit-
ed States where the agricultural press
circulates, and they are receiving the
congratulations of the agriculturists
from all directions.-From The Tele-
gram, Adrian, Mich., Jan. 17, 1901.
$100 REWARD $100
The readers of this paper will be
pleased to learn that there is at least
one dreaded disease that science has
been able to cure in all its stages, and
that is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure
sl the only positive cure known to the
medical fraternity. Catarrh being a
constitutional disease, requires a con-
stitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh
Cure is taken internally, acting direct-
,y upon the blood and mucous surfaces
of the system, thereby destroying the
foundation of the disease, and giving
the patient strength by building up the
constitution and assisting nature in do-
ing its work. The proprietors have so
much faith In its curative powers, that
they offer One Hundred 1)ollair for
any case that It fails to cure. Se.m for
list of testimonials. Address.
F. C. Cheney & Co.. Toledo. O.
Sold by druggists, 75 c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
N HEW RIVAL"
FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
SUKn pwder r elDl the marSkt c~pare wit the NEW RIVAL', In C
lmitosug shetiL n qusllties. bare ire sad watearprael. Let the gena e.
IKOESTEELART DM CO. hwb
$4.00 for $2.00oo
Seed yon must have to make a garden, and the AGRICUI TURIST you shu',ud havT
ucessl gardner. Yo can get them h at the price o one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 and wc.will'andjyou the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of
Beans, Extra Early Bed Valen-
tine.. ................ ..10
New Stringless Green
Pod ...... ...... .... .10
Dwarf German Black
W ax................ .10
S Burpees Large Bush Li-
ma ................... .10
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse .... .. .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip...... .. .. .. ....... 5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield ...... .... .5
Early Summer .. ........ 5
Gritting's Succession .... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.... .10
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5
Long Green Turkish.. .. .5
Egg Plant, Griffing's Improved
Thornless ...... .....
Lettuce, Big Boston.........
Onions. Red Bermuda.........
S Grifing's White Wax....
Peas, Alaska.. ........ .. ....
Champion of England....
Peppers, Long Cayenue..........
Radishes, Wonderful ..........
Grilling's Early Scar-
let.. .............. ..
Earley Scarlet Erfurt....
SMoney Maker.. .......
Turnips, Grifling's Golden Ball....
Pomeranian White Globe
Ruts Bagas. Bloomsdnle Swede....
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.
TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.
ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Orapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Lrotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
RUITLAND NURSERIES. P. J. BERCKMANS CO Auuta, G.
406"Estabished 18564I0 "ANS C ___
FOR SUMMER AND FALL
THE GRIFFIN BROTHER'S CO.,
THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete stLck of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans. etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE GRIFFINO BROTHER'S CO..
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jacksonvile, Fla.
HAWKEYE GRUB AND STUMP MACHINE
i s olissLr T r Mo Polls o OrdI-ar- Grb is 1 Mlinus,
4m elsar t_- I 2-MHOaNSE NAWKW
4 a. cu mranusmme nsoars
,I hMAM.. NMu^ II. AriahminmineBare.ss.MR Alpgi I
.N% -^-*------ ----- --- 1
M THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WIT3 THE JOKU.
"Are ye goin' to Flannigan's wake
"'01 am not. He licked me once, an'
now thot the poor mon's dead, 01
wouldn't hov 'im think Oi kem to ake short roas.
gloat over his remains."-Chicago Am- I
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
Miss Ricketts-It is said that the -L
contact of the lips in the dark evolves
a visible spark. And light loads.
Mr. Spudds-That is very interest-
Ing. I had never heard of it, but we'll
turn down the gas and do some experi-
menting.-Chicago Daily News.
First Bank Director-I think we'd od for everything-
better let Collins go. that runs on wheels. "SAVANNAH LINE"
Second B. D.-Why? He's been ourAVANNAH INE"
cashier for 25 years.
"I know, but he's too infernally hon- Sold Everywhe A N D A. A
est. We don't get a chance to do any Mi m J A\ O l
financiering."-Harlem Life. L A
Isaac-I vis at vun of tem dime mu-
seums yesterday undt I vos quvite in. make this village his permanent rest- FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
terested. dence. -Smart Set.
Cohen-I couldn't spend money on FROM
such tings. "Wthat do you think of this porftait
"I didn't go In. I vos choose listen- If me. my dear?" asked Witherup.
Std ge 1n os choost 1lste o ,, l ". ..l asedWithpp FLO RIDA TO NEW YO RK
Ing to der barker who vos trying to' "It is very smiling and pleasant," FLORIDA TO NEW YC RK
get beebles in. "Brooklyn Life. said Mrs. Witherup. Then she added
S .. wistfullyl, "I wish you'd look like tTON AN TH
Lady (engaging new housemaid)-one in a while, John."-Ex. BO STO N A ND THE EAST.
Daphne? That is much too romantic Gaylord-Glad to have met you, old
a name with young men in the house boy come up and see me some time. SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
I suppose you would not object to be, leeker--I declare it's too bad; it will
called by your surname? I be impossible for me to come then; I've Thence via Palatial Bxpre-s Steamships. sailing from Savannah. Four ships r ch week
Applicant-Oh, no, ma'am; in fact, I n gagement elsewhere. o e to New York and mating close connection with New York-B..ton ship' or Soune Lines
an engagement elsewhere. So sorry.- All ticket agents and hotels are suppliil with ma nthiv sallinr schtdal-s Write lor
I'm quite used to it. Boston Transcript general information sailing schedules. stateroom reservations, or call on
"What is your surname?" I W.. L-IAsANTS, Gem. Fri. & Pass. A.L, WALTER HAWKINS, Gen. Ag1.
"Darling."-Glasglow Times. I ".Ma. I bought you some candy down New Pier 35 North River. Ncw.York. 224 w Bay St.. lacksonville. Fla.
Bin-The other day I had the oppor-t "That was kind, Tommy; where is
tunity to save the life of a man. It?"
Jim-How did it happen? ""Well ma, I was so long coming'
Bin--I was walking out in the coun- home on the cars that it didn'tlast till
try and met a tramp; he said if I did I got here."-Indianapolis Journal.L AT
not give him my gold watch he would
knock my brains out, and I gave him They were looking at the man who The Great Through Car Line From Florida.
the watch. was occupying two seats while women
were forced to stand.
Yo need a new suit of clothes, "I should Judge," said one, "that he CONNECTIONS.
she remarked, as she looked him over wild bring about eleven dollars and
critically. sixty-eight cents."
"I know it as well as you d" he "On what do you base your esti- THE ATLANTIC i OA-T LI\E, via Charles o.,,
replied, "but I am economizing. 1 mate?" asked the other.
made up my mind some time ago to "The present price of pork and sau- To The Richmond and Washington.
save up a little money." sager"-Chiugo Post.
"And have you succeeded?" she sage. "- go P THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY. via Savam,alh. Ct.
asked. Tommy has an uncle who is very lumbia and Washington.
itte" he a ited. I hope close, but he 1s a great admirer of his via All Ran
"ugod!" she exclaimed. "I hope It's nephew.
enough to buy me a new bonnet." "Tommy," he said to him, the other The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
Chicago Post. day, "What would you do if I .were to
y give you a.nickel?" I The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
"Madam," said the tramp to the "How much?" asked Tommy, as it To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevl.
farmer's wife, "have you any objection to make assurance doubly sure.
to my lying down in one of your fence "A whole nickle," said the uncle. The Mobile & Ohio R. R via Montgomery.
corners and dying?" "Well." replied the boy, after think-
"No objection at all," replied the la- ing a moment, "I ain't sure, but I be-a
dy. "Over in that corner you will find lieve I'd give it to your suffering fan. Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for XNe
a lot of straw." ily." Iork, Philadelphia and Boston.
"I wouldn't dare to lie on your Tommey got a quarter.-Waverley To TheYo hidelphi and Bosto
straw, madam," said the tramp; "I'm Magazine. .
so hungry that I'd be sure to wake
up and find myself eating it."
"We have plenty more," said the far-
mer's wife, pleasantly, as she closed
the door.-Cleveland Plaindealer.
"I have courted death upon the field
of battle," cried the hero, "and all in
The heroine curled as to her proud
Up with scorn.
"Of course," she sneered, "there's on-
ly one way to court death right, and
that is to let your life insurance
Now that women know something
of affairs, it is going to be decidedly
more difficult for men to be gay de-
ceivers ever.-Detroit Journal.
"That old man goin' by," said the
landlord of the tavern at Yaphank to
the summer man, indicating with a jerk
of his thumb a bent and time-worn fig-
ure that was doddering down the vil-
lg street, "is Uncle Zlmri Tarpy,
He's lived here all his life--'most 86
"H'l!" commented the city man,
with mild facetiousness. "He must
like It here pretty well by this time."
Ohb yes; he says he guesses hell
uu _I iavannaIU anuu IercnanS it oMiners Iransporni
Mrs. Podunker-"Seems to me 'tisn't tion Company for Baltimore.
exactly right to be addin' so much wa- va steasht
ter to the milk. especially on Sunday T KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
Deacon Podunker (milkman)-"Why, AND
Miranda. you wouldn't stand in the HU VCNu STEAlSHIP CO.
way of salvation, would ye?" Hr1IrlA r
"Of course not." NOVA SCOTIA,
"Well, don't ye know one-half o* Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
them what goes to church never hears CAPE BRETON& TEAMSI I for r
a world. because they're asleep an' PINCE EDWARDS r ala a
snorin' in the pews? It's shameful!" and Charlottestown.
"Indeed, it is, But they shouldn't fal ISLAND...
"They can't help it. Miranda. Give W int T our t
people rich milk, an' they're bound to n r tourist kets
feel sleepy. It's worse than opium.
Pump a little more, Miranda."-New Will be on sale throughout the NORTHERN. EASTERN, WESTERN AND
York Weekly. SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
during the season 1000-1901 limited to return until May 31st. with liberal stop
ude-How doyo like my latest over privileges n Florida.
Maud-How do you like my ADDRESSS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
photo?" be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
Clara--Oh, it's Just too awfully love- VERTISING MATTER.
ly for anything.
Maude--Do you think it does me Jus-
tice? PoF Information as to rates, sleeping-car services. reservations. etc., write to
Clara-Justice Is no anae for it, F. M. JOLLY. Di ivlon Passenger Agent.
dear, it is positively meiwtt to ~ou-- 188 West Bay Street. Aster Block, Jacksoaville. Florida.
Chicago News. W. B. DENHAM. B. W. WRENN.
Cas't ,on- rei Own. Ott. Pa. hTric MOI.ng
Can'teyavwfwr~ ik BAVANNAR. OGBORIA.
.....-. ...THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
The agricultural society of Winter
Park have opened a permanent ex-
hibit in the Winter Park Co's. office.
The exhibit will be open for the next
ten weeks.-Orlando Sentinel-Reporter.
The following is the report of the to-
tal shipments of oranges, lemons and
grapefruit for the season up to and in-
cluding the week ending January 19:
Kissimmee's freight, 18,969 boxes;
Kissimmee's express, 8.200 boxes; Sug-
ar Belt, 5,600 boxes; Midland, 1,750
boxes; Campbell Station, 1,000 boxes;
Crabb and Lanier, 1,500 boxes; total,
37.619 boxes.-Kissimmee Valley-Ga-
About all those Floridians who, a
year or so ago, had almost persuaded
themselves to seek homes In Cuba or
Porto Rico, have abandoned the idea.
Many Porto Ricans are starving, and
the Cubans have ni better government
now than when the war ceased. It Is
safe to say that Florida's population
will not be much reduced by removals
to our new possessions.-Gainesville
George Close has six acres of the
finest lettuce out on his model farm
that has been grown near Ocala in a
Jong time. He has made a small ship-
ment of a few hundred boxes. The
market quotations on lettuce are $2.50
per crate, and if a freeze does not vis-
it him within a very short time, Mr.
Close will have two or three thousand
crates. This king of the vegetable
business has already received over 400
barrels of seed Irish potatoes. He will
plant heavier than usual. --Ocala Star.
It has been suggested that when ar-
rangements have been made with the
American Koalin Co., that Mrs. R. M.
Rupard, Mrs. John C. Love and Mrs.
A. N. Miller should be the ones to
touch the buttons that will put elec-
tric lights in Leesburg. Mrs. Love's and
Mrs. Miller's fathers, Evender and Cal-
vin Lee, were the founders of the town
and Mrs. Rupard is the one citizen of
Leesburg that has longest resided here
The Southeastern Land and Lumber
Co., of Pensacola, Fla., has determined.
according to the Pensacola Journal,
to engage on a somewhat extensive
scale in raising fine beef cattle. The
company has enclosed with barb-wire
fencing 18,UUO acres of land In Baldwin
county, Alabama, which will be used
for tie cattle range. The cattle will
be fed by a special system, Including
the use of the velvet bean and cassava.
By this method of feeding and soiling
nearly every acre of land in the South
could be made available for stock raia-
ing and dalrying--Southern Ruralist.
Mr. C. H. Brown is erecting a six-
teen foot fence in a most substantial
ninuner to protect his fine tangerine
auu grapefruit trees. The braces to
his teuce, which are twenty feet long,
are placed eleven feet apart, and are
anchored to artihcial stone, manufac-
tureu on the ground. He used nine bar-
rels of rortland cement in their man-
uraciure. Mr. Fogg I isn charge of
the work.--rlanOo Sentinel-Reporter.
We have on our table a miniature
bale of corn fodder prepared by Mr.
George N. Pybus, of Fruitland Park,
and nanated us on last Saturday. It is
a banipie of shredded corn stalk and
founder that is produced by a machine
expietdsly made for the purpose and
wawuc presents the advantage of util-
slag every part of the corn without
waote and of leaving the product in
the best possible shape for feeding to
stoe. w ith this machine fodder pull-
ing is done away with. The entire
corn is taken out of the feld and, as
stated used to the very best advant-
Our Ormond correspondent says:
There is much said and written as to
the comparative merits of California
and Florida oranges. If one can have
the privilege of going through the or
ange grove at Ormond, and sampling
the many choice varieties of fruit, the
first prize is given to Florida; for there
are the best of California buds growl
side by side with the Floridas, and I
the mme perfect conditions of soil and
FLORIDA EAST COAST RY. .
Time Table No. 80. In Effeet Jan. 28, 1901.
SOU ia BOUND (Read Down.) (Read Up) NORTH BOUND.
o.lI1 No.tI No.4IN No.aN N. Mo No.2 No.a6 No.78 No.74.2 No. t No.0 No.u2 No.88 .o 4 No. No.
Daily DaDiD Daily Draly Daly Dlly MAIN LINE SRaDULK Daily iully Daily Daily Daily DailyDy Daily Da
i Mox xez Bu eS
p7p SONp I r 8am ...St. Austie.......L p 886p 7 Uall lok 90a 2
rs as.ar (sb). si I8s 1I 0s l o Lvt....BS. Auustlne .......Ar I p 6Sp 816p 7Il iNo 7g, av as a
1-- ..... Makes.......
r r Iar. B. a t r- ll Mp0 l ltp "......... Ormond........... 8p 4.p S4 508&a rloC B. t o
e., A. 0. L. Ieprs.(DaRily). I8p 10S ..... Daytona .......... 3 42p 6 4 50p 4 8a 7t 7m p a Rs g li
O..s 2o. iaseL e)ut ". ..l..... H snl F........... S I 6e p ty. d e.tlo ularg t
P ior .rr i 5-1 .........rre . .......... Pso s i
B y sv e stib u le D u ff t 4 S.. 12 I p ti et.
wParlor Carin t ickets 2011p"4'4- i" ....... I. "3 lp tF. C yp veort Pe c......... It. 40p 12"p" (4 j U a pr sa arrie
....... 5 1" :* ....... o. re n...... ... l ip
r BaetSlep d est J- """ ......tibe BI I ........t p..O m ......... p 4re
S.. . ........ -- ............ ... ... ..... .
SAr .West Palm Reach.5 8'm 03).1 i 20p I05p Dayach. N a a
onlya uaPsiwn. aa ebM o ......... 1a d tionst s laomi.
ar Pass ........ W s l B.. :... ... 8 1Op 5 po .~ *
0 TA ^ . S l I l..m 1, ....... . AI. Lr sd Il
S to ........ ... .... S tia..........Lv 7- a ....... .... JO5 p St. tine o a
vi 8,auhern always Corn- .Fvortlae ,i ea heo.nln Ralwa. Cm
I ro ex. H, ly ofr n a a C.a S ** .... o..... ... .. ... isa Lu.. ....... exo ively of Pu io -
iet. eI t1pe ........7 ...... p... 10pAr ......... .Miaml ............ 5 a .... 11 a....... TiE r t 1( t e Id
NO1io me aos a Au I ne .S Anstin. r o Nyor
ta I i ......aoatrt L.......i.... ne. via Atlantic Ood ( I e.
ollln aPiset Tra. et sp ......where time is .......t show. Sltibuon Bft ars.o" ,
im F lori aa Met ropolt No it. F mlia a lls ni
Lis.alt i Ol.y). Limited < ).
NSew York t u ine st. Agusiane to w Tomk
tSeaboard AIr Line. oa via Seaoard Air IJ. el yo Pluan
OMexclusive of Pinvillman oolecleleloAPllmnt
o.tt ra at et Auu a viat inta. oattn s. Au ne
MoBnBoer Coos L. and Ato a t Composed .ex an d Cincinnati. ComUed ia M aond ame *N
exl on usavly 4a P9ll~n ep le.el.sively of PBulman Cars. an seanasie pmd .
S I-' horw ....... 8 10I 1 ~Da pertaasd
Pullman tarein charged. Pllman tare w charge.
SAN 'ORDUBRA1UB- PA.ATKA BRANCH
All, tran daily except S8nday. uAnlAd -nI tAy. )
e t s..- .. r to ......... .. ... 5
ld t aulro 0 t St. Augstint. An ;st.i inn to ark,
704& Olery. tiodpond 7x- Y3t ... 1 and 7 Rallwar. 0l.r
..... P l -ma 9exc llu usively of PP ll-
e x r.1 n ivly I mah I ... .. ...1 0 42 ...... L e m o n C ity........ 58 & os O n
=P= 1%. Trr o set stop -bows timetoot shorwnLq Pollfn V mie
Now YorkD t oSt. Augustine BtAnC
this train on which no extra this train r hich noi ex
o-"I, _INo N-12
rr .............. ,.......... _t . ..................... II: ~
Ifita ...................... mill" ...... ................ 112p
8 ........... Rater" *............. ._ lla
M 10.W goIWO. r 4%N -.oPN!
1;501 9 tdpt[LvP't'kaAV to f,~l~n iOpi fun[
685lj4&M 210tp'l H 35a 9IsuJArEP~k&Lv8 4,jt 940115221& slap bar9
. a r . .................. Mi ort.........................LA A BRANCH, All Trains Daily
No aNo.4 hAN ATEn BR4ANO, All Trains Daly No. No.
NOM B No.? No.5 Nos i N 7 W .:::::::.:....... ... .E;;;; Lv-. 1A 1
amn o.so.6 N" Nam 7 Opl' .. .. .................. Son iiIS
Saly stnn iaDll MAYPORT BRANCH. Daily ly S ................. teo ...............Lu 8 TII
-ly ex8u nlu xu xn only -
o l I -- No. N I I ORANGE CITY BRANCH. No. :'*.
*Op 0Op ztop 8 18. Lv o .AJatck lle Ar 6 p p 5. 6 .. ___ All trains Daily Except sunday. J
i p es 201u 8 11 tBo.uJea vilTs it l 5 ...... 4 i ........ N.. ew 8m vron ............. A
7 9 S ?p ?.itI 8S *" Paolo .. S lOOp S p ..... 4 pll ... ...... .lAke Helenu ................ Lv 124p 6I
72e 6 i> '! 15 Atlantc .b U sch ** S- -" 46p 6 ...... .... .. Orang ty .... 5
240p.Siia' 2&T. Atlsuticla.i Se I.b.l p alas1 5.1 54
14p 7~op 30: p 9l Ar ...Mayport... 6v 62 4 i ...... 54 Ar.......... Orange C y Junction. .......... "
Thew Tune Table show the times as which trals may be expected toarrive and depart from the several stations, bt their rrlnl
si dpan ure at the tinme a1t raot Igaranteed. nor doe the Oompany hold itself responsible for any delay or iany esoeLawn
asin PEg therefrom
PENINSULAR AND OCCIDENTAL STEARSHIP CONNECTIONS AT XIAXL
Ml-NAuSAU INrl-S-l. & 31AMI. MIMIAMI-HAVAA LINE--. S. PKIN(:I EDWARD.
fSA.INGR 1CF9O0TIVU Jan 16:
AI JAN. to M. 101 HAVAA. I eaMiami Snnls and Wedda .... Up
Leave im Mondays and Thursdays. 11 P Arrive Havana Monltays and Thursdays.... 8S
Arrive Namean Tuea and rdays.. Op Ciba. eave Havana Tuestaysand Fridaya ........
.Leave NMln Wldr dy and S urdays.. I Arrive Mami Wednessayq and Saturda.. 4
SArrive iami Tursday. and umday.... MIAMI-KEY WK'.r 1.1 N;. --. ". ITY O<4 KEY WII.
4 SAILING I. 4 to MARC 1: fSAILINGS BFFBCTIVE Jan. 14:
Leave MiamivMe.Wedsmdris... .Op KEY WEST, I Leave Miami Mons.. Weds. andm FAP
Arriv Naa Tne. Thur.m sad Sa te. Arrive Key West Tues ,Ths and sa ...
Leave Nassu T"es.. Thu. d an 8 p Florida. I Leave Key West Tnue.. Thun and iSW ..
Arrived Miai Ws. r ls. and rri li SWads.. *rl an" d Sns..
SAl)iNiNS (X)MMINlJNG APRIL 1:
Will I Im. eme larsand hours as for January
For copy of local time card address any Agent
J. D. PAHNNER. Avrt. Ue. Pass. Aant.
ST. AUGUSTINE, TLA.
climate. It is conceded by even the MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
most conservative growers oft the West, ALLO Y STEAMSHIP LI N
that the soil, the salt air and the sun- -ggo -rs rkt ite Pasenger eI reve
shine, or some unknown qualities of Florid a To masel closet e -onne-
climate, produce a finer and more tions with steam leava
juicy orange from the same variety NOW York Jacksonville (Un. de-
grown in Florida than in California. pot) Thursdays 0 2; a.
There is the same difference between Phila- ( A. L By.) or Far. %a-
dina 1: IP. m., via Ci.-
the California and Florida oranges as delphia & berland steamer; (me Is
there is between a California peach, Pant o tem at i:ll p m.,
i Plant System at 2:0 p m.,
big and pulpy, and the delicious per- Botor i- ar. Brunswick 6:0 p. m.
fiction of a Delaware peach. The rom IrSle ers on arrival go-
n e oFrom Brunswick direct to directly aboard olea
bird's eye view of Santa Lucia grove, New York.
as taken from the windows of the Ho-
tel Ormond. is alone worth the trip P PlOI ED SAILINeG for Feb.. 1901.
from the frozen North to the Sunny NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK, GA.. DiRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING UVER1
Soth. The mass of glossy green or- F COLORADO.. .OLLOWS: .. ... ....February 1
ne foliage is fairly filled and loaded 8 S. RIO GRANDE ... .. ... .... .... .. ............ February 8
with fruit golden oranges and enor- 8. 8. COLORADO .. ................. .................. February 15
nous grapefruit. Among the orange 8. 8. RIO GRANDE................. .... .. .... .. ... February 22
trees are groups of graceful palmettoes For low.t -.- A. r..ervatMmin *4 fil' Information apply to a
ind wide spreading oaks. while two BASIL GILL, Agent. 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
noble pines tower above them all.- J. 8. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
East Coast AdTotat. I H. MALLORY & CO. General Agen ts. Pler 21, R, New Twk.
Y . u .. .... .. ... .. .. ... ..._
a THE FLORTDA AGRTCULTURTST.
4 Time-Tried and Crop-Tested! 4
Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the
GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.
If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. I has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,
WHALE OIL SOAP.
OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS hREEN and insecticides gen
CUT TOBACCO STEMS.
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to con
rain all their fertilizing and insecticide
WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO
E. O. PAINTER & CO., = = Jacksonville, Fla.
Orew So Heavy.
X. 0. Pinter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn tertlll-
ser bought from you about the first of
JMe. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I med the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
bal want some more a little later for
uame lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
bet of any lawn in our town. Some
others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.
Different Brands for Fifteen Tear.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee, Fla., Sept..21, 1900.
Beyond Xy Expectation.
B. O. Pointer & Co., Jacksonrvlle, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. S. Pinery, the
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
A. M. Spenger.
Oateen, Fla.. Sept. 27, 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-
ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves In my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford, Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonrille, Fla.
Gentlemen: -Please inclose me an-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Soeed.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"TEllj IDF AT BR A NDS
"airak HAVE TH ES E. W""
.Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ............... $3.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... .$27.on per ton
IDEAL PIOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... 28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................. $3o.o00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28o00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $3o.o0 per ton CORN FERTILIZER........................$2o.o per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT.IZRR COMPANY,
pg ast Brad Bloo d ad Bo 18.00 par O. Damavalad Guano The Ideal Tobacco FartUllRr, 44.00 p r ton.