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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Ll c r itry ~r
Vol. XXVIII, No. 3.
Lire 8ck for the South.
Rditor Florda Agriculturist:
Hon. James M. Wilson, secretary of
agriculture, seems to understand his
business. In an address to Southern
farmers he advised them to quit rais-
Ing wheat and to raise saddle horses.
which the South would better raise
and train than any other part of the
country. Just how it is in most South-
ern states I do not know, but I do
know that Secretary Wilson's advice is
proper for Florida, as I live among the
farmers of the southern part of that
state, and have daily illustrations of
the fact that the South Florida farm-
er is skilled with the saddle horse. It
is true that in this part of Florida
wheat is not grown, but one can see
that the advice of Secretary Wilson
meant that the farmers of the South
should get out of the old, well-worn
paths, the old .4nts as it .w. and,
dhbeld produ' snemithing that the
world needs, of which there is not a
vast surplus; and one of those things
which the world demands sb good
horses, not saddle horses especially,
but good horses and this part of the
South, and the farmers here are espe-
clally adapted to the production and
training of good horses.
"Another thing that I would advise
you to turn your attention to," con-
tinued Mr. Wilson, "is cattle and sheep
raising. I have never seen as many
natural conditions combined together
to make a paradise of this industry
Along further in his speech, he said,
"Up In Iowa, where I live, we are com-
pelled to find our animals half of the
year and sometimes more. We have
to put up feed enough during the sum-
mer to feed during 6 long months. You
have a warm climate, numerous for-
ests to shelter your stock, and the
problem of feed Is not as great with
you as it is with us in Iowa."
The Secretary is right; the feed ques-
tion is not so great a problem in the
South as in the North. Just about one-
half of the summer's work of the
.Northern farmer is to accumulate food
of some kind for his domestic animals,
but here in the extreme South the cat-
tle, sheep.and hogs are in pasture the
whole year. Plenty of grasses grow
here for pasture. Thus the pasture is
the range of the whole forests or the
rich prairies of the public domain. The
herds are not restrained by fences. The
owner has his own mark and brand up-
en his stock. This mark and brand
Is his individual property, and he owns
all stock, whether It be cattle, hogs
or sheep, under his mark and brand.
This method of marking stock Is pro-
tected by the laws of the state. One
who follows the live stock business
correctly, that is, a stockman that
understands his business, becomes rich.
Many of the stockmen have orange
groves, which add quite rapidly to
their accumulation of wealth. The
stoekmen, or cow boys, as some call
them, are expert horsemen. They un-
derstand a horse and know how to
Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Jan. 16, 1901.
train it for the saddle or wagon. The
stockmen in looking after their cattle,
hogs and sleep are much in the saddle.
Their attention is turned to the raising
and training of horses. The live stock
business ill Southern Florida is not
only caring for cattle, hogs and sheep,
liut it is also the rearing and training
of good horses. You can hunt deer and
other game with the South Florida
horse, and when you see the game, it
is not necessary to dismount, as yon
can do your shooting while in the sad-
dle. There are but few of the well-
trained saddle horses in the North Eidft
will stand still, and permit you to
shoot a gun while upon their backs,
but the Florida horse lias no fear of
the gun. Mr. Wilson knew what he
was talking about when he advised the
Southerners to turn their attention to
saddle horses, and to other live stock,
as a prosperous live stock business in
'ourth Fierida means the, eariag-m
training of good horses. There is a
demand for fat cattle, hogs and sheep,
and also a demand for good, well-
trained horses. The Southern farmer
should get out of the old rut in which
he has traveled for years, and above
all things should not pattern after the
farmer of the North, who to a large ex-
tent is compelled to travel in the well
worn road in which he adil his fore-
fathers have traveled for many years.
The feed question is easily solved in
South Florida. Usually the stock be-
comes fat on the range. Sometimes a
buyer may want some extra fat cattle,
and when that occurs, cassava, the
cowpea and velvet bean are easily
grown and there are no foods that
make fat flesh more quickly. All of
these things, that is, cassava, cowpeas,
and velvet beans are cheaply produc-
Secretary Wilson said: "There is
great demand for the cattle markets
and the factory. All along the line that
demand is growing." It is evident that
the Secretary sees a great future for
the South. As proof of his idea of a
great Southern future, here is some
more of his thought:
"The world's opportunity has come
to you-such opportunity as very few
sections of the world have ever enjoy-
ed. You have got everything down
here. You have the minerals in your
hills, the ores you have got, and the
coal, while the nations of the Old
World are wondering what they are go-
ing to do for fuel, and you have the
woods. If I owned a piece of poor
land, I would let the woods grow on
it, and I would graze it with animals,
and they will bring it up. I would
cultivate the very best pieces of land,
and I would increase the number of
It Is evident that Secretary Wilson
has well studied the needs of the South
and knows that there is a great future
for it. It should be desired that future
Secretaries of Agriculture, and In fact,
that all persons who may hold public
office will not alone look to the honor
of their position for self-exaltation and
Whole No. 1407
self-advancement, but will try to ad- lie left a road wide enough to permit
vance tile condition of the people with passage of a wagon for the purpose of
whom they come in contact. harvesting the beans. In the South, In
One great trouble with the Northern- rich lands, where the plants grow
er who comes South for a home is, he large, tile hills may be six or seven feet
brings his Northern ideas with him apart. Planting s.houl be done in the
and expects to put them in force; he spring as early as possible, making
fails to realize his changed position. allowance for frosts, to which the cas
and the change of surroundings. The tor bean is very susceptible. The land
apple tree must grow where the orange should be kept free from weeds and
and pineapple do. If a Floridian the crop grown much as corn or beans
should enter New York or any North- and on similar soil. The castor bean
ern state for a home. he would be plant is a gross feeder and heavy ap-
thought a fool if he planted an orange plications of a fertilizer containing
grove or made a pineapple plantation, three per cent. nitrogen, ten per cent.
He would also be considered a fool if phosphoric acid and eight per cent.
he marked,and branded his live stock potash will be found profitable.
and turned them upon the commons to In harvesting, the fruiting branches
graze. It would be wisdom to use the should he cut off as soon as the pods
mark and brand, and the commons or begin to pop open. which is in July
public pastures of South Florida, and in tile West Indies; in Florida, August
idiotic to attempt to enclose by fence and Septemlbr. This process must be
hundreds or perhaps thousands of acres repeated at least once or twice a week,
for, hil pastures. The stockman of as fast as the4 beam rtipef p~b. a
Southern Florida, if he is a farmer, will fall on the ground and be lost. The
should have a farm of proper acreage, branches are spread out to dry, eith.
for a home, for his grove and different er on the floor of a barn or other close
fruits and vegetables. but he needs no room or in a "dry yard." built near
immense area for his stock. The tie castor bean field. This yard is
stockman, so far his land is con- imalo l.y cutting away the sod. rolling
cerned, need not be an imperialist, and the ground hard and building an eight
pay taxes upon a vast territory which board fence around it, to prevent the
he does not need and can not utilize. Ibens from scattering, as they pop and
Secretary Wilson's advice was right, fly about. It is better to make a board
The South should supply the cattle floor for the dry yard, which should be
market and have the factory. It should in a sunny place sloping to the south.
have tile canning factory for the can- The branches are turned over occasion,
ning of its own meat, grown and fatted ally and kept protected from moisture.
upon its broad and rich acres of public After tie beans have popped out they
land. It is those acres and the cattle are separated from the pods with a
upon them that have made the men of colinlon farming-mill.
wealth, tile barons that today may ie Tie castor bean has been cultivated
found in Southern Florida. Many of to some extent in this country for over
these wealthy men came from the twelve years. According to Simonds,
North, and readily adapted themselves Kansas in 185) produced 361,385 bush-
to tie changed conditions which they els from 24.145. nearly fifteen bushels
found in the South. per acre. the beans weighing 46 pounds
Hon. James Wilson, though of Iowa, to the bushel. In Iowa the yield is fif-
has been and is a true friend of the teen to twenty-fve bushels per ae*.
South. In closing his address to the In the Southern states with a hotter
Southern farmers lie said this, and he climate and rich soil forty-five or fifty
meant what he said: bushels per acre can be raised.
"I enjoy being down here very much. The pomnace is valuable for lertiliz-
and shall bear you in mind, and when ing purposes. The castor bean would
I go back home anything I can do for do in the South. but it is a gross feed-
the farmers of tihe South, I will do it er and must have fertile soil. It would
most gladly." not be profitable to plant It on pine
Peter Prindle. hind; it would require so much fertllig
Avon Park, Fla. ing as to consume the profits, but on
rich hammocks it would probably pay.
The Castor Bean. In South Florida its perennial growing
l ditor Florida Agriculturist: twenty-five to thirty feet high with
The castor bean thrives in the sand-' a trunk as large as a man's body. Fur
lest soil and its culture is very simple. other North if dies down under the
The seeds germinate with difficulty, frost
owing to their thick and impervious The castor bean is inodorous and has
coating; hence nearly boiling water at first a sweetish taste, becoming
should be poured over them before sharp afterwards. lThe shells amount
planting, and they should remain in to twenty or twenty-five per cent of
this for twenty-four hours, the temper- the entire seed. The kernels contain
ature of the water in the meantime from fifty to sixty per cent. of oil
gradually lowering to that of the at- which is a higher percentage than is
mosphere. They should be planted in yiel ded y most other seeds. The best
hills two inches deep, eight or ten kinds of castor oil are produced in It-
seeds to a hill, and afterward be thin. ily; the American ranks second, and
ned out to one or at most two stalks after these in quality come the impor-
to a hill. The rows are 5 to 6 feet apart Iation from India. which, in 1894-&
with the hills two or three feet apart. miniounted to 2,679.23. gallons. In In
Between every 6th and 7th row should dia the shell is removed from the MaM
4 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
by women who pound it with wooden
hammers. In America this is done by
special machinery. The seed is press-
el. twice cold, three times warm, and
is then boiled with water and treated
with alcohol. This oil soon becomes
rancid upon exposure to the atmos-
pliere. It is extensively used as medi-
cine. also in pomades, for illumination,
for lubricating machinery, in veteri-
nary practice, and in China it is said,
as a condiment. The uses to which
castor oil is applied are constantly in
creasing and a large amount is import.
inl India castor oil is considered the
best lamp oil, giving a white light,
vying in brilliancy with electricity and
sm.lierior to kerosene and other illumi-
nating oils. It burns slowly without
danger, and gives off scarcely any soot.
Tie railway cars in India are lighted
almost entirely with castor oil and an
excellent gas made from the oil coke
is being introduced into the railroad
stations. G(. J. P.
The American Olive.
Editor Florida Agriculturist.
As a hedge plant or tree there is
none to equal it in our climate and
It close habit of growth Ibecoming
thicker at tile bottom front year to
year makes it very desirable. Planted
18 inches apart and well cared for it
will be close enough to turn chickens
or rabbits in three or four years. Then
it is a very stiff wood, entirely unlike
the Privet which is soft and willowy. It
is decidedly a living green wall as a
hedge. A very rich dark green, both
winter and summer. It also grows
strong enough to nake a practical
fence. I have seen a hedge, perhaps
at dozen years old. ullpon which a Ian
could walk, it was so compact and
As a windbreak tree, it grows quite
fast and very thick, and makes a fine
appearance. As a single ornamental
tree for parks. lawns. etc. it is as fine
as the camphor tree, and much like
it in form, but a pleasing contrast to
it in color, the former Iweing a soft.
light green, while the olive is a shin-
ing dark color.
These trees are much cheaper than
Biota or Privet and much more satis-
Tke a look at the olive hedge op-
posite the Waldo Farm.
W. H. Haskell.
How To Keep Hams.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
A difficulty many farmers have to
encounter is the prevention of skippers
in their hams and shoulders. Old-fash-
ioned Southern housekeepers have var-
ious methods of protecting their meat
from the fly. Packing in wood ashes,
slhek'l oats or salt were among the
most common. An application of mo-
lasses and black pepper was also re-
garded as a reliable remedy for the
trouble. Of recent years putting the
Joints in heavy cotton sacks has been
the practice of farmers as it was the
most certain preventive. A much simp-
ler mode of treatment is now becoming
popular. After the meat has taken salt
and ;s ready to be smoked, rub well
all over the surface with powdered lo-
rax and no further Drecaution will be
found necessary. The meat may be al-
lowed to hang up in the smoke house
all summer and will keep sweet and
fresh. Eliza R. Parker.
"Razor Back" Hams.
One of the best and apparently not
the least appreciated of the many im.
portant food products which America
sends to England and France is the
celebrated "Smithfield or razorback"
ham,.for about .(5.000 such hams are
annually shipped to those countries
from New York. says the Washington
Star. In England where the domestic
hams have a tendency to be fat and
coarse, our Smithfield hams have
among connoisseurs a very high repu.
station for leanness and great delicacy
of flavor, both of which qualities are
hot thought to be excelled by even the
Westphalian hams of Germany. As the
British consumer is willing to pay a
fancy price for the product, some of
our choicest "razorbacks" are- export-
ed to John Bull's markets.
The name "razorback" is derived
from a small town on Pagan Creek,
near Norfolk, Va.. where some hun-
dred years ago the hams were first
cured by a man lllned r Todd, of Smith
field. The animal which produces the
li:in is a semi-wild hog that is
found in the mountains of Virginia,
Kentucky and Tennessee. The hog poe
culiair to tlese regions is long-nosed,
slah-sided and has unusually long legs.
It is not a prepossessing animal, but
wluen properly fed it supplies a ham
that is unexcelled anywhere in the
Much of the fine flavor which is char-
acteristic of these hams is largely due
to the care that is exercised by the
farmers in feeding the hogs. In sum
iler the young "razorback" is allowed
to 'run wild in the woods, and his meat
tlihreby gains a gamy flavor by fall,
vwhlen Ihe is turned into a field from
which crops have been gathered in or.
der to fatten. In the district which
produces the- most Smithfield hams
there are large Ilquantities of sweet po.
tato,es and lpanullts grown. Roth these
foods fatten the animal with astonish-
ing r:alidity. but the fat is still soft.
So the next step is to pen tile hog up
ailnl give him plenty iof water. Witli
this diet the, animals flesh hardens
quickly to the desired extent. and lit-
is then ready to kill. The curing is
done with Liverpool salt and saltpeter,
after which. thle halinl are washed clean
ai.d slowly snlloked for forty days over
grl'ee licikory or red onk wood. Many
farnlers raise the liogs. but few cure
thell. Tin'y are sold to skillful curers
who supply tihe iarket.-Exchangte.
Cooking Feed For Hogs.
My experience ill cooking feed for
stsck is rather limited, yet I consider
that bulky foods, such as potatoes,
roots, puIlltlkins etc., are far more val-
uable for stock, especially for hogs,
whlen cooked, than when in their raw
state. For several years I fed my
hogs rlaw feed. and I have had moder-
ately good success, but during the last
year or two have been feeding more
cooked feed. and I see a great improve-
nient in my hogs, and at the same time
I think there is a good saving made by
cooking tlhe majority of their feed. 1
have tried, says a writer in Rural New
Yorker. various kinds of cooked feed,
and I can obtain the best results from
the following: Corn and oats, equal
parts: corn and pumpkins divided,
three parts corn and one part pumpkin;
corn and potatoes, equal parts; corn,
oats and potatoes, equal parts. I also
tlink that corn alone well cooked is
good. and ian occasional feed of all po.
tatoes or all pumpkin will add fesh
and strength to tile hogs, but in feeding
cooked feed to hogs it is not good pol-
icy to give it to them too hot; better
be entirely cold than too warm. After
cooking a supply of feed it is a very
good plan, I think, to add about two or
four gallons of cold water to the bar
rel of feed. but if it can be done, luke-
warm feed is preferable to either hot
or cold. I would advise not to cook
too much of the feed at any one time,
as it will soon become sour, and I
think that feed of any kind, when it
becomes too sour, Is injurious to the
logs. I have also noticed that in feed-
ing hogs cooked feed 1 am able to mar-
ket them from two to three weeks toon-
er than 1 could when fed on raw feed;
that is, they will attain the same
weight two or three weeks earlier by
using cooked feed. It would be im.
possible for me to say much in regard
to cooked feed for any other kind of
stock. as I deal principally in hogs, yet
I think that cooked feed of different
kinds is good for any kind of stock,
land would say that I think it would
lie profitable to any one who raises
logs, either in large or small quantity,
to use more cooked and less raw feed.
Some Animals That Beasoned.
The following instances that have
come under our observation go to show
that the lower animals have reasoning
powers. Our little Morgan mare Dolly
Pet was driven by my husband from
Waukegan to within four miles of Mar-
seilles, Ill., a distance of 120 mies. A
week or so after h. drove to Marseilles,
from there crossed the bridge over the
Illinois River. and over the bluffs, go-
ing down the river to Ottawa. Dolly'
or myself had never been in tills section
of country before; all was new and
strange. She often looked about and
whinnied; when we would speak to her
she seemed to feel that her old friends
were with her. After our visit in Ot-
tawa we recrossed the river, going
back to the other side. Dolly wished
to be turned and go the way she came,
aiind she would not drive free as usual,
until we got out of the town, when she
took a sharp trot and kept it up. We
were on the Chicago road, and when
within three liles of our uncle's we
turned to the right. At every cross
road she would turn her head and look,
but always looking to the right. My
hluslland noticed it and remarked,
'Wonder if Iolly will turn right?" At
each cross road lie gave her the lines,
but she still trotted on, when all at
once she gave a little snort of satisfac-
tion and whirled us around tile corner.
"Is sile right?" I exclailned, as I did
not know one road from another. "Yes,
slih is. and how did she know?" Yes,
will sonlll one tell how she knew?
Born land brought up in Nebraska, nev.-
er inl that part of the country before,
shle took the right road and when we
(-alne to Uncle's house from the op-
posite direction from which we left it
she turned lpl the drive with a whin-
ny of joy.
Another case: My husband was walk-
ing longg a ravine, and crossing tbli
brook was a foot bridge. As lie came
to oilln end of it lie saw ai cow starting
to cross at tie other side. Slhe looked
iup. stopped, I.backed off, and stepped up
o1ii tile side of tile I:ank anid waited
until Imy husband had crossed, then
sihe went over. She reasoned that
two could not cross at one time. v'hen
in the Rocky Mountains I saw one
morning a little burro on thle railroad
track, just below my windo,7o. I
thought nothing strange as burros are
so numerous. Soon a large black uog
sprang out from the rocks and began
jullping around the burro, nipping his
heels, and seemed to be trying to get
himl off the track. Soon a whistle and
a train came around the curve. The
dog was frantic; he tried to push the
burro from the track with his paws
against the animal's side. He barked
and finally took hold of the donkey's
tail, which set him to kicking, and at
last, just as the train was almost to
them, the dog got the burro off the
track. The train came almost to a stop
and the trainmen gave a cheer as the
dog stood one side, panting with the ex-
ertion. After that I saw the two often,
-and was told that they were insepar.
able, but the dog seemed to care more
for the burro than he for the dog.
When in Nebraska we had a little
dog we called Chub. We delivered out-
ter to private customers in the city
every Saturday. Chub generally went
when the team did; he knew where
each customer lived. Instead of going
with us from one street to another he
would cut across through an alley or
yard, and when we got there Chub was
waiting. He was known about town
as the "butter dog." Some animals
have more brains and reason about
them than some humans.-Mrs. F. C.
Johnson in Rural New Yorier.
Items of Interest.
Florida Oranges.-Florida oranges
have been coming in better shape this
week. It is probable that shipments
will be much lighter from this time
oi, as the men who have the fruit will,
now that the holidays are over, prob.
ably lang on to it as long as possible.
Gilt edge 126's would bring $4.50, and
ordinary grades are bringing $2.50 to
$3.00 for brights and russets.
There is a better feeling in grapefruit
this week with a good call for strictly
gilt edge stock in sizes running from
40's to 54's, which range from $6.00 to
$6.540. Smaller sizes run from $4.00 to
There are plenty of tangerines on the
market. Strictly fancy fruit ranges
from $6.00 to $6.50, and runs down to
Frost in California.-A dispatch from
that runs oi wheels.
MM Ud b STANDARD OL QO.M
Los Angeles. Cal., of .Jin. 2, says:
"Frost is reported over a large section
of Southern California last night, th
tl'hriinllnter registering 2 5 degrees I
i :iny Iplaces. The damage to frul
is so far reported very light, but re,
sults will not Ie fully made known
until the fruit is marketed. The Indi.
nations are that tilet cold snap will con
tinue folr a few days more, if so the re.
suit will le more serious.-- x.
Florida Oranges Again.-ln discuss-
ing I'lorild orailiges a prominent receive
er said yesterday: "Real good fruit
sells well, lut the trouble is so muc
litls been wasty. Tie average condi
tion lis been so bad( that the fruit hl
received a Iblack eye with the retailers
andl this. has hurt it.
"I think more than two thirds of th
crop lnas come. Probably more th
2(m1.(1I4 boxes now are left. It looks a
if tle early estimates of 800,000 box
;are about correct.
"Fruit is beginning to come in its
old way, and is as good as ever. Bu
it will take consumers some little tim
to till tils out, as they are already
lpr'judlicd against the fruit. And I'
afraid that by the time they do find I
out the season will be over."-Frut
Perfume Farming.-There Is about
to be started in Monrovia, California.
the first perfume-farm and perfume
manufacturing plant operating on an
extensive scale that has ever been
established in the United States, some
thousands of acres having been bought
for this purpose in Southern California.
Expert German and French chemists
have already been engaged, and this
spring the plant, it is said, will be in
operation. Several New York and Chi-
cago capitalists have the matter in
hand, and it is intended to organize
a stock company, Incorporated undeo
the laws of Illinois. The wonder ia
that there is nothing of the kind in In-
ida!-Planting Opinion, May 5.
Notes on Strawberries.
In a bulletin issued more than two
years ago by the Alabama agricultural
experiment station fall planting of
strawberries was recommended for
Southern Alabama, but the difficulty
of securing a supply of well-rooted
plants as early as August or Septem-
ber and of getting freshly-set plants
to live during the hot weather prevail-
ing at that season was mentioned. The
suggestion was made that moving the
plants with a ball cf earth by means
of a transplanter would serve to ob-
viate this difficulty. This plan was
tried successfully at the station dur-
ing the summer of 1899. Fully 90 per
cent. of the plants moved In this way
during August lived and grew, al-
though showers were so light and in-
frequent that where the plants were
shaken out and planted in the ordi-
nary way, nearly all died.
The following plan is suggested nl
another bulletin by Prof. F. S. Earle
as being a cheap and practicable one
for establishing a strawberry plant
tion in South Alabama:
"Plow and harrow the land thor-
oughly in February and lay off every
Afth row of the propoad plMattlm
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
that is, Iky off rows fifteen to sixteen
feet apart. Fertilize these rows heav-
ily, so as, to insure a free growth of
runners, and set the plants in the ordi-
nary way the last of February or first
of March. Early in April lay off the
other four rows, fertilize with potash
and phosphate only, and plant to the
bunch or speckled pea. These will
mature early, and will not-oveTrun the
strawberry row. Of course, cultivate
the strawberry frequently. Keep the
runners cut off until rains begin in
July. This will make the plants more
stocky and vigorous, and will consid-
erably lessen the cost of cultivating.
Besides, the runners that put out dur-
ing dry weather seldom take root un-
til it rains, but grow and develop
leaves at the expense of the parent
plant. If runners are kept off till about
July 1, an abundant crop of them will
be pushed out after the first rains, and
they will take root quickly during tile
showery weather that always prevails
in midsummer. By the middle of Au-
gust they will be large enough to
move to the best advantage. The peas
should be watched ciosely, and should
le plowed under before they encroach
on the strawberry row. They can
probably occupy the land safely until
some time in June, and there will be
time for them to become decolni,-
and for the soil to be somewhat com-
pacted before setting the plants in Au-
gust. Planting may begin as soon as
the runners are well rooted. This will
probably be early in August and it can
be continued during showery weather
until the middle rows are all filled
out. The distance to move the plants
being so small, any of the cheap trans-
planters on the market can be used.
Those with two curved blades on han-
dles, hinged ,together so that when
thrust into the ground on either side
of a plant pressure on the handles will
compress the ball of earth between
the blades, thus allowing it to be lifted
out with the plant, will be found to
work more rapidly than those in which
hucket-like galvanized cylinders are
used for lifting and carrying the
,l:ants. In tile absence of a transplant-
er very good and fairly rapid work can
Ie done with an ordinary garden
trowel. care wing taken with the roots.
"l'lants moved in this way are in
condition to grow off properly, and if
the ground is sufficiently enriched they
will make good bearing stools the fol-
lowing spring. In this style of plant-
ing all runners should be kept off from
tile young plants till after the crop is
gathered, and the plantation will con-
sist of one matted row to four rows in
"It is better that this plan presents
several advantages for South Alabama,
where fall planting is so usually prac-
ticed. It can be used almost equally
well in the other parts of the State,
liut whether it will be advisable to
adopt it or not will depend somewhat
on the objects for which the berries
are planted. In middle and north Ala-
bama plants set in the spring and al-
lowed to form matted rows in the way
so commonly practiced farther north
seem to adopt to a considerable de-
gree the northern habit of ripening
nearly all of their crop during a period
of three to four weeks. Summer and
fall-set plants, on the contrary, devel-
op successive truit clusters through a
much longer period, often scattering
the crop through eight or ten weeks, au
is the habit of the strawberry farther
south. Now, for home use or for a
local market, this longer fruiting seat
son is a distinct advantage, and for
these purposes this method of qam
er planting is recommended. Whern
berr'es are grown for northern ship
ment the heavier early picking front
the spring-set matted rows will Ib
more profitable, since It Is only tbh
early berries that can be shipped at
profit. Where fields are kept over foi
a second-hand crop all will, of course
be matted rows the second year.
"It is not Intended to imply that the
fruiting lhbit or the length -of the
fruiting season can be entirely con
trolled by the fall and spring planting;
Much will depend on the richness ani
character of the soil, on the habit o
the variety, and on the seasonal di
tribution of rainfall The tendency
will be, however, as stated above, fo
the spring-set plants to yield the bull
of their crop early and to bear through
a aborted ses than these set iL Li
summer or fall."-Southern Farm Mag-
Which Breed of Cattle for Florida.
If we take the market reports in such
papers as give tile details of particu-
lar rates in markets, like that of Chi-
cago. we find that the cattle "topping
the market" are more frequently Aber-
deen-Angus than any other breed, fol-
lowed in turn by the Herefords and
Shorthorns. If we take the report of
the International Live Stock Show at
Chicago the present month we find that
the "doddies" captured the sweep-
stakes for the best beef animal. "Ad-
vance." that sold for the record-break-
ing price of $1.50 per pound on foot.
Further, that the second animal was
also of the same breed, and further,
that they went still higher and walked
off with tile money for the best car-
land of beef steers, selling in addition
at $1.7.50 per 10) lbs. Just a word
here aliout these steers. Advance, the
clialnipion, was what is technically
known as a "long yearling," and was
twenty-three months old and weighed
1,430 pounds. The carload were
remarkable not only for their size,
weight and bloom, but were probably
the only carload of beef cattle ever sold
in that market that had never been
The Aberdeen-Angus.-If the Aber-
deen-Angus thus carry the honors,
it would seem, at first glance, that they
should he the animal we are looking
for. But we must take into considera-
tion the conditions under which these
market-toppers and prize-winners are
grown, and when this is done we find
that they are conditions which can not
le duplicated successfully with us to-
day though we believe the time is com-
ing when they can and will be. To
particularize, the Aberdeen-Angus is
essentially a feeder, and not.a ranger.
With tile feed and water brought to
him landI placed within easy reach, he
will grow and fatten as few, if any,
other breeds will; but lie will not hunt
for it and if given the alternative, will
rather go gaunt and thin than rustle
for a living.
Thle Ierefords.--Coming next to the
Herefords. we find that they are willing
and able to utilize all the feed that
comes their way, and that from the
suckling period to the flock. In the
class of yearling heifers at the Kansas
City show tile Herefords averaged
eighty-one pounds heavier than an
equal number of Shorthorns. But,
what is more essential under our range
conditions, they are not above rustling
for a living. and under the test of prac-
tical experience here in West Florida
they have run with range cattle and
held their own in a way that agreebly
surprised their owners. As a cross on
the native stock, they are a success, in
that the generations of breeding hav
so mixed their characteristics that the
white face and blocky build will crop
out to grades four and five degrees
from the pure stock. A neighbor of
mine has now about a dozen calves,
from a Hereford bull on common na.
t ive cows, long-horned and cat-ham-
Smed, as they usually are, and every
ones of these calves show the Here-
s ford shape and color in a remarkable
Another advantage that they posses,
- is their thick hair, which protects them
r from the summer sun, a very essential
- requirement that all stockmen are ac.
e quainted with. As to their milkinI
- qualities, we have only evidence of the
n calves they raise to show that then
e must be either quantity, quality, oi
a Coming to the Shorthorns, we finc
r them great favorites with everyone
, who has bred them, and there is ne
question as to their willingness to rus
etie, but whether so successfully as thl
e Herefords is a question yet to be solv
Sed. Tried here, side by side with the
d Hereford, there has been but little, i
f any appreciable difference. While the:
. carry a good coat of hair, it is not sa
thick as the white face's. One point
r of superiority contended for by th,
k Shorthorns is their record as milkers
h a point in which their admirers insis
a they are but Uttle behind the Hotltean
and so, with their admirable beef
build, they should stand at the top of
the list of the general-purpose breeds.
So far as I can learn, there are n,
records available to prove or disprove
the contention that they are better oi.
this line than the Herefords-a fact
the lereford men strenuously deny.
1 have tried in this to represent tlhe
advantages of the different leading
breeds of beef cattle and their avail-
ability to Florida conditions. If there
is anything unsaid that Is desired, 1
will be glad to answer questions on the
matter, either here or by letter, if a
stamp is enclosed. I feel that in Flor-
ida range and Florida feedstuffs we
have a fortune, lacking only suitable
animals to utilize them to turn their
golden stream from the Northwest into
our own pockets. Even scrub stock
beats cotton, oranges or vegetables
for a steady, reliable, year-after-year
source of income. l:ood stock multi-
plies our profits and lightens our labor.
It. W. Storrs in Florida Farmer and
What tile result will be in beef cattle
prices, when the short-fed steers now
in the feed-lots go to market, is a ques-
tion that feeders and dealers are slow
in answering. It is generally believed
that prices must go higher. Feeders
are not disposed to put steers into the
feed-lots on high-priced corn and hay
in the face of an advancing feed mar-
ket and not see where tile demand for
the beef cattle will justify this venture.
The ordinary risks of cattle-reeding,
under the usual conditions, are suffi-
ciently hazardous where the feed sup-
ply is in favor of the feeder, without
taking any chances of manipulated
markets. The scarcity of winter feed
on large areas of the Western range
has caused thousands of cattle and
sheep to be put onto the market as
feeders and stockers. and as the cattle
feeder is very cautious just now, in
his investments, this class of stock is
selling low. Even the farmer who us-
ually has large crops of fodder and
straw to dispose of in wintering stock
cattle, is not now disposed to buy cat-
tle. but prefers to sell the roughness
to the cattle feeders and dealers. The
present condition cannot last long. The
fat-cattle supply will be short, and tlhe
demand will be no less among the con-
sumers. This must result in higher
prices fdr beef and higller prices for
Ieef cattle. The cheap stock cattle
that are now forced upon the market
on account of the scarce shortage will
be selling high next spring. There is
every prospect of an increased number
of sheep to be fed this winter, and
sheep feeders being able to get this
stock at lower prices than prevailed
a year ago figure that sheep-feeding
offers a goodl interest for profit. The In-
fluence of a shortage in the grazing
and hay conditions of the range dis-
tricts West and the shipping demand
for corn throughout the corn-growing
country has presented an illustration
of how the markets can be affected by
providential influences. A big crop of
grass and hay places the stock-raiser
in a position to defend his producing
interest by holding his stock.-World.
Animals that Bloom and Plants tha
In general, animals move about t
seek food, while plants are fixed to on
spot and get their nourishment froi
the earth in which their roots are in
bedded and the air that surround
their leaves, but there are species i
each "kingdom" that do not follow th
rule. Botanists know of plants tha
have neither roots nor leaves, of othei
that have one but not the other, anl
of others that are undoubtedly vegi
table yet move about as freely as an
mals would do. On the other han
there are animals that never leave tl
spot on which they first took up the
habitation, and that seem to trust I
luck for food. The oyster and claim
have thus lost the power of locomotion
There are many that have been sepa:
ated from the plants only by the re
searches of recent years. Sponges, col
als, sea anemones and the whole "M
cucumber" group were long believed
to be vegetable, and many blue water
sailors think so to this day. There are
anliiils that seem to blossom as freely
as tdo flowering pl:lnts.
The seal alleionell is one of the com-
monlcst of these. It is found clinging
to rocks inl sieltered places along
shore ill praictically every part of the
world, for it is not confined to any
special region. It grows only in com-
paraltively shallow water, that is in
depths of less than five hundred fath-
oms. although there is one species that
lives il the open sea, but wherever
found it is essentially the same struc-
ture. It is a tough, leathery tube,
spread out below into a "base" that
fastens to a rock or other foundation,
and expanding above into the flower-
like "disk" with the mouth in the cen.
ter. All aroundd the opening of the
mouth arre curling tentacles, not unlike
the petals of a modern chrysanthemum.
SoIn varieties are almost or entirely
colorless. while ill sone others the ten-
BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON.
V'or use in granaries to kill weevil, tode-
stroy rats and gophers and to keep In
sects from the seed. etc.
2o CENTS PER POUND,
put up In ten and fifteen pound cabs
Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E. O. PAINTER & CO., Jacksoville.
Umner 91.000 Oah Doepno.
a3nsnam Pa. Pald.
!! aBobRa se. r O-s Y .
"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
S and Lawn, Palms,
S Bamboos, Conifers,
Ferns, Economic and
quatles, and all
sorts of Decorative
Stock, for Northern
House Culture as
well as the South.
Itare Tropical Plants, East and West
lildi;an aiind other Exotic Plants. Send
for splendid illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
"white flies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Broa.,
BMabm Omrnr at nne5aae
OP mM. ito sa .aa Oar
1u0%,. V, a .. a
at refereno. e. r nltr. ank
Home Treatment ent VEER. Addr=s
B. M. WOOLLEY. M. D., Atlanta, Ca.
TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
~F Por polishing, cleaning
o r washing oranges
injury. and a slight x-
'A know what
when you plant
Ferry's eeds. If you
buy cheap seeds you can't
be sure. Take no chance --
get Ferry's. Dealers every-
Swhere sell them. Writt
l for 1901 .Seed Annual-
- .a M. FERRY & CO.,
- Dg i t. ef
B- EAUSESS' UIE UXMC WW
r Usia km hiseswarn. 0 ahm
W~~~ *%(~~ Ii Usa ib
e-~ ru.Es'g~aO~ La~Inm~O
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
tackles are gorgeously tinted and rival
the flowers of the field; but in all lurks
death in a certain and horrible form.
Watch some little creature touch the
curving arms. and they will lie seen
to curl inward and wralp the intruder
in their folds as they push it toward
tle month. The inner sides of the
tentacles a're covered by poison glands
tl'.t stillng tile prey to inselsibility or
death and so stop tith struggles that
inlght prove disastrous to tliel allnemone.
% I:eln tilt llmouth is reached. tile cIp--
the is pushed into thlie hollow, and tlie
ai'nlmonl't shuts up into Ii reddish lrownl
b;ll until its meal is digested, when it
spreads its fatal ea:luties for another
rotfier great family of flowering aln-
intals is that including tile "'sea en-
en!pblers. These animals liave long.
flattente Ilodies of a dark color that
ranges from brown to reddish purple,
and their most active ilovemlent is a
slow creeping along tile bottoml. At
one end is the mouth surrounded by tile
petal-like tentacles that push into it tihe
mud and sand on which the organism
lives. Tile mud of the bottom is tilledl
with tiny things that really furnish
the food. but it appears to subsist on
the inorganic nmud itself. Thle most en-
rious thing aIIlllt tile "'ncu.llll'er" is
that it takes lodgers in a way. It has
a large cavity within its Itldy that is
tilled with water. :nd into this cavity
a little fish called the fierasfer works
its way. and then lives within tihe
helpless host. It is not a parasite. for
it leaves its lodging to seek food, but
it merely lodges in tlie holothnrian for
shelter, as the power of stinging that
sea qucumlers possess to a high degree
renders them fairly safe from moles-
tation. The little lodgers do not seem
to do any harm to their landlords ex-
cept when several take quarters in tlhe
same one. and then they may inflict
fatal damage by overcrowding.
The whole class of coral-forming an-
imals resemble plants so closely as to
deceive all but skilled observers. Few
sights in nature are more beautiful
than the "coral gardens" in the West
Indies. where the gorgeously colored
vegetation is almost entirely animal in
character. Tile sea cotton near Nas-
sau is formed of white coral sand and
the debris of broken-down shells, and
covering this is water of such trans-
parency that the boat seems to float in
ah. A plate of glass is let into the
floor of the boat. and the reflection of
the sunlight from the white sand be-
low illuminates tle scene so that its
smallest detail is visible. The sheet
of glittering white sand is broken by
dark masses of coral rock from which
stream broad sheets of "fan coral" thai
naturalists call gorgonias, brilliant in
vivid reds, yellows and purples. The
darker masses of rock are spangled
with anemones that equal the tints of
a tropical forest, which the waving
nlumes of the sea feathers and tile
fantastic shapes of the glass sponges
add the charm of variety of form.
Clumps of bright sea weeds that bear
little resemblance to the dirty, faded
green ones common on our coasts, are
the only representatives of real vegeta-
tion that greet the eye. All the rest is
animal, but the eye is deceived by a
mimicry of plant life so perfect as to
make the efforts of our human players
crude indeed. The vivid stars of rich-
est crimson that look like blooms on
the branches of the coral are really
the ends of boring annelids. worms that
cut into the stony mass and ensconce
themselves in the trunks of growing
The birds and butterflies of the up-
per world are replaced by hst-es of cur-
ious forms and flashing colors. Tile
Common names of these give even
those who have never seen them an
idea of their appearance, but their
beauties can be appreciated only when
in their native element and amid their
normal surroundings. Angel fishes,
parrot fishes, butterfly fishes, and
shoals of smaller ones float through
the water with easy grace, or dart into
shelter with a quickness that would
elude the eye but for the silvery gleam
of their bodies as tile sunlight is flash-
ed back from tie glittering scales. Jt
i' hard to believe that the fishes that
seem to browse among the coral trees
do not actually bite off the tips as
sheep 1woll-d niblde twigs, anti evenll so: Tl
we: o: -.: n NATIONAL CELEBRITIES
close min observer as Ilai'rw'in thought
tltht they did so. but they are seeking I AL L B II
tile crustacealls that feed oil th coral
iaidrlporcs. or. ]e'rhlips. the madre-
r.es,.c o. es te ldr- Declare Peruna to Be The Greatest Ca-
in tl,( slilltcred tropical waters grow
anemones that are larger and more ta h R m The Ag
iautiul tlhan tllose in our harsher L t rrh Remedy of The Age.
ili'iialt. Soliln of thIlil are two feet
or Illor in l diameter. and from this Ho. AM. C. Butler, ex-
thi'y ali get' to tilly forllms that call he P
f'- 1111 oly after refufll search. llt Governor of South Caro-
frlon, the la' rges.t to the smallest.1 tlthey Rinl l& a k rom Wasing
iIvet n et.iltlr that lures lla:lly a:ll nll-
f.ri ltlle being to its dooli. COLDS GRIPPE ton, c sys: -"I a om
Zoology h:as r'evenledt no organism mend Perana for dyspeia and
,,uce ,aritan'e with the popular colt- CoUGHS CROUP
it' m COU CRO P stomach trouble. I have been
c.pition of nillnals than tilt "sea lilies"
or criioids. allnd wllC seen for the first SORE- OA WHQy r medicine for a short
tilme it is ditticult to believe that they period and I feel very much re
arc not itliti.vcs of tilted stately (neel Tl DAT
of flowers. hut .il all bu t form they T NESS ieved. It is Indeed a wonderful
are aniimalis belonging to the sample falln- Amedicine, and besides, a gr
ilyv as hdos tile startish. The'l crinoids l tonlc."
grow in clusters like thel beds of tiger
lilies. anil from thie- il'd a jointed stalk U. SenatorStephen R.
rises somelttilltes to) a height of several c alloy, Penwcoa, Fia, sm>:
feet iefo,re t l. "lily" is reached. Sur- l P l, Fla.,
iointinglt this stein is ia disk that itiears "I have used your excellent reim
tilt tllth. ais ill tile c'ase oif tilt' tlt-- CHIEF JUSTIBCE
Ilioils". il" t tilt' t'ntacls are lllchi CHIAMBERS, OFSAMOA, ef' Perna, and ca recommend
loigmer alnd rise around the lmargins of sgysg "I can t both as a tonic sd a safe ca
tl,, disk il slluit a mlltter a: to silllm- Perua as one of the vry tarrh remedy."
late a lily with nmarvclous Derfection. gbs reedies i lon. William Young
I'nl ke ip'wo of the anll.!:niles, tle cri- IrecommaeInd Pi ao all W m Yun
noids Ijliv in deei'ii vater. and sonIme f suterrsl." blood, Auditor tor te Interior,
them i; have liell dr'edgedl up front tile 3 ites from Washiio, .. ,
dtitlls ill w'hichi it seemlls ilmpossiblle whites from as o
for such tender ailt dellicate things to Dr. lartman, Columbah 0., 0 S
exist. They wert animolg the earliest tollowi saFrve oftea eard of ye
types of animal life on earth, and their o
fossils are very comninon. They are iii great medicine and have persuad
sllh il'rscelrvaltion tllat tlhey were called y wlfe, who bha been much
'"stone lilies" Itefore their true nature from csllarrb to &y
was understood. and their origin was a to
imruch discussed before the living cri- Peruna, and after usig one bottle
noids were discovered. she has wonderfully improved It
IIowever aillalous tile idea of flow-
ering anlilnals ntay appear, it is not e cl e
more so than is that of plants tlat set for t."
traps aind devour tile prey taken y l on. Rpufus Merchant,
themnl. F'leshi-eating plants seemll to vio- B1- 1u e,
late til rules of nature, yet the viola- Superintendent and Dis-
tion is a!ilarent rather than real. for icer,
mallly plants absorb allimal Imatter *s bursing ficr, U. & o
part of their food. In general this is c Washinton, C, Ss:
taken ill only after deconmloslftionf has s
rendered tie tissues soluble, but there el take pleasure in commeadina
are some blood-thirsty plants that kill HAyour tonic, having taken a bottle
and eat small animals as ruthlessly as of a with very al
do beasts of prey'. of Peruona with very bi e ,tBc l re-
Among these the little sun-dew is s lts It is recommended to me
most widely known, for its fame was ver excellent catarrh c
spread over tile world by the work of very
lDarwin. who gave an elaborate de-
scription of it in his "Insectivorous
Plants." Thl leaves of the sun-dew thll pressure is increased until all of There is more Catarrh in this sec-
are studdetl witl little projections on the digestible matter is absorbed, tion of tile country than all other dis-
whose suIlmits are drops of clear, when theleaf gradually opens and the together, and until thelast
sticky liquid that glisten in the sun, tdry lhusk is extruded. The leaf will until he last
as does dew. and from this the name close on a bit of grass or stone as read- few years was supposed to be incur-
is derived. The liquid attracts, either ily as on a fly, but the fraud is quickly able. For a great many years doctors
by its appearance or its odor; but discovered, and the indigestible mat- pronounced it a local disease, and pre-
when tile unfortunate visitor seeks to ter rejected. The leaf is then ready to scribed local remedies, and by con-
sip the tempting dratlght, the leaf be- close again, even before it is fully open-
gins to coil inward and form a cup ed, whereas when digesting food ma- stantly failing to cure with local treat-
fromn which escape is impossible. The trial it stays closed for several days, meant, pronotiaced it incurable. Science
liquid runs down into the hollow and and is very sluggish in shutting again. has proven Catarrh to be a constitu-
collects into a pool, in which the in- The most vigorous leaves seem to be tional disease, and, therefore, requires
sects is drowned before being digested. able to digest only two or three times constitutional treatment. Hall's Ca-
In tlhe neighborhood of Wilmington in a lifetime, and the botanist Lindsay tarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J.
there grows the "North Carolina Fly- fed some specimens with such quanti- Cheney & Co.. Toledo, Ohio, is the only
catcherr. the plant that Linnaeus ties of meat that they died from indi- constitutional cure on the market. It
called "the miracle of nature." This gestion. is taken internally in doses from 10
plant has leaves divided into two lobes Iln Portugal there is a plant known drops to a teaspoonful. It acts direct-
that sit at a little less than a right as ile Drosophyllum lusitanicum ly on the blood and mucous surfaces
angle to one another, and are fringed amlilonlg botanists, that is so efficient as of the system. 'They offer one hundred
with tiny spikes. The upper side of a fly catcher that the country people dollars for any case it fails to cure.
each lobe is covered with minute hang up branches of it for this purpose. Send for circulars and testimonials.
glands that secrete a purple fluid, and It secretes a gummy, sticky fluid that Address,
also has a number of sensitive fila- entangles insects and kills them. F. J. CIENEY & CO, Toledo, O.
Ienlts arranged in a triangle. If an The common bladderwort is a foe to Sold by all druggists, 75c.
insect touch these filaments, the lobes many small anillls. It captures great IHall's Famlily Pills are the best.
shut up like the leaves of a book, the numbers of water bugs, and has been
two parts turning on the midrib as known to catch and kill small fishes. LFREE SAMPLES BY MAIL.
a hinge, and the intruder is captured. Froml time to time tile attention of fish Free samples of dry goods will be
If it le very small. it can escape culturists is called to this plant as a mailed to your address by mail by Co.
through spaces between the interlock- foe, but it is not regarded as a serious hen Brothers' large dry goods house
ing spikes. but otherwise the leaf one. of Jacksonville, if you will write themtn,
forms itself into a temporary stomach and tell then what you want. Express
in which digestion proceeds. The Amateur Sportsman-"Is this a good place charges prepaid when cash accompan-
glands that were dry before, begin to to hunt for reedies?" ies the order, if it amounts to $5 or
secrete an acid liquid of a purple color, Nativ-"You bet. You could hunt here over, excepting on domestics. Write
straight ahead for a week."
containing an enzyme like pepsin, In Amateur Sportsman--"You don't mean it, todtry for what you want.
which tile soft parts of the victim are really?" *
disintergrated, and as this proceed Nativ"Ye use ou would never d Can't you win one o our premiums?
u ,u any."-Philadelphia Prcsa.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
VETEB RNARY DEPARBTENT. suits he was. able to accomplish with
Scomluomon scruibs, by handling them
Realizing as we do that many of our
readers frequently need the advice of a rigit from the time they were drop-
skilled Veterinary Surgeon, and that they ped as c.lves. and it almost makes one
are not always in a position to secure the think tat anything can b done wit a
services of such, we have arranged for that thing an be done with a
the benefit of our readers, with Dr. W. E. milking aniiaml if one only knows how.
French, of Daytona, Fla., a Veterinary lThi. very marked success secured at
Surgeon and dentist, who will answer all t,. Ka...s, experimentt station by
uirnes reading to ne ailments o0 uo- .......
estimated animals, through the columns properly lhaldling and feeding a herd a
this paDer free of charge. Should any of (.011'lin *cows. picked ip around a
ish advice requiring an extended answer
mail, they should enclose one dollar through the country in the vicinity f
r reply which will cover the case fully. of the station, is another case in point, o
-- Results were -secured that would be i
editor Veterinary Departmient: crelitablel to well bred dairy herds. and f
Taking advantage of the generous of- they were better the second year than
'r of Dr. French's skill and study, I they were thle first. It is not wholly q
world ask: Is there any1 reliledy for true that "breed goes in at the mouth," t
use'ss over-reaching? The fine. lIllt th1itr is a good deal of truth ill it.
Ige' horse 1 1111 now driving over. and a neglect to believe it, as far as x
retches so as to make a very disagree- true. nIIay easily spoil the best cow I
ble clickingl noise when trotting. I that e"ve'r came into the world.-Ex- t
liould be greatly pleased if a remedy change.
would le given for this. *
Yours truly. Hog Notes.
W. II. Hart. Never keep grain lying by fattening
lHawk's Park. Fla., Dec. 10, 10. hogs.
A. fattening hog needs fresh water
Should advise using short, light, front dnily.
lhoes, with the heels rounded off; for Keei> ashes and salt where the hogs
hid shoes, heels long. thereby increas- can heln themselves.
ng the ground surface, and retarding Even with fattening hogs it is better
ver extension of hito fd a variety.
ver extension of hind limbs. A% hIoar is often seriously injured by
Dr. French. hllg used for breeding when too
Avoiding Diseases. .
Avoiding Diseaes Imroper feeding is one of the )rin-
A swine raiser speaking at a diary .ipial causes of hog cholera.
convention in California said: Klee'i ig the .uarters clean will les-
"A neighbor of mine who has been sell ti liabilities to lice.
.ising hogs for niany years told me ,
raising hogs for many years told tme 'riThe safest plan is to keep a record
hat he lost his whole herd by buying of every sow that is bred.
Sfew hogs. thereby bringing disease 4 *
in to his farm. Until the mass of Hog Raising in Louisiana.
wine raisers have a clearer knowledge In speaking of raising hogs for pork.
if the laws of sanitation we may ex- Mr. Foster. of Louisiana, says in the
tect disease among our swine. One Farmers' Reviews. "I think two litters
negligent man may by carelessness and should be raised where winter pasture
ilth start disease among our swine can lie had cheaply; otherwise only a
liat may sweep other herds and soon spring litter to be turned off at eight
lcomle an epidemic. The public suf- or nine iontlls. In feeding breeding
'ers by the carelessness or lack of sows simply see that they are ilm-
knowledge of one man. Negligence by proving in flesh and strength. If pas-
ine maly cause loss to many. When ture does not keep their bowels in good
will the average farmer learn to treat condition, I feed bran or cotton seed
I hog humanely? It will put dollars iealn for a short time previous to far-
into his pocket that now rattle with the lowing. On our plantation I put un
-hink of pennies or are so empty that :;2.,I l pounds of green bacol last win-
they fail to rattle at all. The time. I ter at a cost of a little less than three
am happy to say is rapidly passing cents per pound ol corn and alfalfa
on many of our farms when anything piastlre. charging corn at 40 cents per
is good enough for a hog. Stagnant bushel and pasture at $5 per acre, but
water, moldy grain and all other refuse charging nothing for fencing. shelters,
of the cellar and kitchen with the vil- or labor, as the pasture (40 acres), fur-
est sleeping quarters imaginable reek- nishlid a great deal of feed for my colts
ing in filth, an abundance of food to- millls and cows. The greatest obstacle
day and nothing tomorrow were often to success. I think, is disease caused
his only share of the proceeds from the in a majority of cases by crowding
abundance of broad acres, well-tilled too nmany' hogs together and disregard-
fields and overflowing granaries. ing sanitation. I never keep more than
"Negligence, indolence and filth are three or four litters, having my pasture
the offspring of ignorance, and the dis- subdivided by portable fences into
eases to which swine are subject take small lots of one-half to one acre each.
their epidemic form in localities and with a cheap shelter il each lot. 1
on farms where the laws of health are never saw all of a large bunch of hogs
ignored and nature is forced to inflict do well wheln fed together. The few-
the penalty of her violated laws. As er in a drove the better.
the laws of disease and of health are
the same in animal life, it is fair to as- Prevention of Hog Cholera.
sume that the diseases that sweeD Hog cholera. says the National Ru-
away our hogs are largely the sequence ral. makes inroads upon farmers pock-
of the lack of knowledge on the part of etlooks to the extent of lbout $50,000,-
people who keep them. The outbreaks (NN) a year. It may lie prevented by
of any of the pestilential diseases may timely nation., care and the use of a
seem to spring out ot the earth and cheap material obtained at any drug
come without warning, and we are store-caustic soda. A few pounds of
wont to excuse ourselves by meekly this material, costing from ten to fif-
asserting that it is a mysterious Prov- teen cents per pound, will suffice for
idence. I have been breeding Poland- several hundred hogs.
China hogs for over twenty years and The DV"ease is caused by a germ.
have never lost any by disease, while This material is a powerful antiseptic.
my neighbors have lost at different disinfectant or germ destroyer. The
tinhu a great many. Diseases often following are the simple directions for
start with some small half-starved pig, its use:
and. as I have said before, by negli- Dissolve one pound of caustic soda
gene on the part of the owner."-Ex- in sufficient water to make one quart
change. of tlie mixture and use as follows:
* One nint of the mixture will suffice
The Xilking Tendency. for fifty hogs. Mix it with their water
There are some who say that a prof- or liquid food, slop. Stir it in thor-
Itable dairy cow is born. not made. We roughly so as to insure thorough dilu-
have no desire to underestimate the tion. No other medicine will be need_
value of the inherited milking ten- ed. When there is no hog cholera in
dency: in fact, we think it would be the immediate neighborhood use once
a serious mistake to do so. At the a montlh as a preventive. For a disah.
same time there are a good many facts fectant take one pint of the mixture
which indicate that there is a good to ten gallons of water and sprinkle
deal in the making as well as in the with a sprinkling pot over the hogs.
birth. Henry Stewart's experience using carte not to get the mixture into
in developing scrub heifers is a fact their eyes.
in point. Read his story of the re-I Their sleeping places should also be
reluently sprinkled. For this purpose
lake a solution of one pint of tile mix-
ire to two gallons of water. Once a
tonth would be sufficient when hog
cholera is not epidemic.
In the event of the approach of
og cholera however, sprinkle both the
ogs and the sleeping pens as above
nd everything connected with the hogs
t least once in two weeks and more
frequently according to the prevalence
f the disease. It is a sure Iprevent-
ve. We have never yet known it to
For sick hogs use one-half to three-
luarters spoonful of the first mixture
three or four times daily. It must be
well diluted with water and mixed
vitlh the slop. Shake tie mixture well
icfore using. Should any of it get on
lie clothes or hands, wash it off imme-
liately, and be careful not to get any
of tile solution into the eyes.
If so simple a remedy will save that
.it4,MMt,.(MK) loss, it stands the farmer
n1 hand to have the remedy at hand if
ie has but one hog. And as hog prod-
ncts have advanced some 50 per cent.
ind are likely to be maintained, and it
nas been so often demonstrated in the
lturalist that hogs of good breed can
we fattened for the market from feeds
grown in the South, the business of
making pork should receive increased
It is a shame for any Southern state
to depend upon Chicago or Kansas
City for their bacon and lard.-South.
EX-GOVERNOR OF MISSISSIPPI
TESTIFIES TO THE MERITS OF
Jackson, Miss., May 5, 1900.
Dr. Earl Sloan, Boston, Mass.,
Dear Sir:-Some months since your
traveling agent, Col. J. L. Collins,
presented to me a few sample bottles
of your liniment, insisting that I give
it a fair trial when occasion might de-
mIand. Since that time several instan-
ces with tenants on my plantation re-
quiring a remedy of this kind turned
up, and must say with candor it act-
ed like a charm and was perfectly
marvelous in its effects. I am sure that
it is a remedy that fully merits all that
is claimed for it, and I cheerfully re-
commend it to all people suffering with
any complaint requiring antiseptic.
(Signed) Robert Lowry,
Ex-Governor of Mississippi.
Very few farmers are making the ad-
vance they might if they would give
closer attention to the. problems thai
confront them at every turn. In the
single matter of selecting seed corn
for instance, how many farmers tak<
time and pains to select it while it is
yet standing in the field, where thej
can see both ear and stalk? How
many are improving their corn as ii
can lie improved by careful selection
iand growing? One farmer who i
growing corn that is excellent in ever
respect tells me that lie started with
single ear that grew on a stalk tha
seemed to him to be nearly perfect
This was planted in a plot by itself,
considerable distance from any othe:
corn, and just before the pollen on thb
tassels was ripe more than two third:
of it was cut down as rankly imoer
feet in both stalk and ear, and ou
of the entire lot only three ears wer
near enough the type desired to sav
for seed. This selecting and cutting
out was continued six years before h
obtained sufficient of the type he wa
striving for to plant his whole field
The past three years improvement ha
been slow but steady. Corn bred u
in this manner will retain its principal
characteristics when grown on rich o
poor land. but of course it will be large
er or smaller, according to the quality
of nlant food available in the soil i
which it is grown. In passing through
a field of what appears to be first-clas
corn one will find hundreds of stalk
that are entirely barren, and Tad ei
ouglh for fishing poles. WI will fin
tall stalks bearing big. long ears. an
others a few feet away carrying mis
erable nubbins. There will be spin
ling stalks bearing half-developed ear
and sturdy, medium-sized stalks bean
r ing one good ear and sometimes two.
e He will tind ears like stove-wood and
s weakly nubbins within a few feet of
- each other. He will find ears with
t short, stumpy, flint-topped grain and
e big. thick cobs, and in the next hill
e ears that have deep, thin, sharp-topped
g grain and very small cobs. The pollen
e from all of these different kinds has
s iben distributed over the entire field,
1. and to select good seed that will oro-
s duce its like is an impossibility.-Farm
D and Fireside.
SIf the law be observed, women with
trailing skirts will soon be novelties
Sin Vienna. as the local council has di-
n reacted all women frequenting the pub-
I lic parks and gardens to hold up their
s skirts if they would otherwise trail
Them on the ground. The reason for
t- this measure is rather pnerile. The
d notice states that these inclosures are
d devoted to the recreation of persons
s- desirous of escaping from the dusty
d- town. and therefore the authorities ob-
b, ject to the dust being swept into heaps
r- by the trailing skirts.
is all right, if you are too fat;
and all wrong, if too thin already.
Fat, enough for your habit, is
healthy; a little more, or less, is
no great harm. Too fat, consult
a doctor; too thin, persistently
thin, no matter what cause, take
Scott's Emulsion of Cod Liver
There are many causes of get-
ting too thin; they all come
under these two heads: over-
work and under-digestion.
Stop over-work, if you can;
but, whether you can or not,
take Scott's Emulsion ofCod
Liver Oil, to balance yourself
with your work. You can't live
on it-true-but, by it," you
can. There's a limit, however;
you'll pay for it.
Scott's Emulsion of Cod Liver
Oil is the readiest cure for
"can't eat," unless it comes of
Your doing no work--you can't
Long be well and strong, without
some sort of activity.
The genuine has
this picture on it,
take no other.
If you have not
tried it, send for
free sample, its a-
greeable taste will
SCOTT & BOWNE
409 Pearl Street,
e 50c. and $1.00; all drugglsts.
Wi E. FRENCH,
S VETERI NARIAN,
t Will Treat all Diseases or uomesticat-
n ed Animals.
SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
a A Specialty.
o THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Armored Burrowers. ing on the tips of her toes in the most kind they were. Perhaps they opened "'
In the early days some of the most constrained and unnatural position; in as a sample box, but that was no in- Over-Work Weakens
interesting animals were burrowers, a word, when the animal stopped, she dication that they were all of the same You K neys
as the glyptodon and toxodon; huge did so in whatever position she hap- variety. After he bought them he found u ney
mailed creatures estimate-: to have penedl to be in, whether flat-footed or that they were Triumphs and Nectar,
been as large as a rhinoccrous. South o tlip-toe. The keeper said that the and then put a price on them according Unhealthy KIdnyS Make Impure Blooi
America was the home of these forms, animal displayed no intelligence, and to their value.
and when the remains of a toxodon paid no attention to her young. I re- We raise some awfully poor pomelos All the blood in your body passes through
were discovered, they created no little le'atedly held tlie young to her nose in California. I have some myself but your kidneysonceevery three minutes.
excitement in the world of science. A is she trotted across the floor, but she why pool our issues and ship all under The kidneys are your
rancher found the skeleton, which had did not lapp.ar to notice them. When the saine label and brand? Why not blood purifiers, they f-
rolled out of a bank. The strange head placed in at box, she mae convulsive get i ohe credit and price for our good ) ter out the waste or
was seized upon by his boys. wiho, af- leaps, falling with a crash, fruit and keep at holme those kinds impuritiesin theblood.
ter pounding out the teeth, set up the To see the artmadillo at its best it that will not pay expenses? As soon f order, they fail to do
then priceless skull as a mark, and shiouild I in its home, where its bur- as a grower gets to know that the rea- of orderthey to do
what was left, and a few teeth, cousti- rowing powers are extraordinary. It is son his fruit brought him out in debt their work.
tute the most interesting specimen in said that it is almost impossible to dig was because of the variety, he will be- Painsachesandrheu-
England today. one out, the ainal having the faculty gin to rebud his trees. Some pomelos c of urie fromacid in the
Tile glyptodon had a length of live of Iburrowing faster than two or three are and will be a profitable fruit to b- ood, due to neglected
feet and rnseblled all enormous tur- nmen anl dig. D)arwin, in referring to raise, but the sooner we eliminate our kidney trdutoneglected
tie. The tail was long, givi'lg the ani- a Soutlt American form, states that poor fruit, the sooner we will get a bet- Kidney trouble causes quick or unsteady
mal with its head, a length of nine whlte one was seen running along on ter price for our good fruit. You can't heart beats and makes one feel a though
feet. All these mailed aninials appear thel painpas. it was necessary literally fool the market all the time. they had heart trouble because the heart is
to have been enormous. Thus the to tumble from tile horse to save it, 1 am here today to advocate the cor- over-working in pumping thick, kidney-
Chlamydotherium equalled the largest ;as it would immediately begin to dis- rect arrangement of the nomenclature poisoned blood through veins ad arteries.
living rhinocerous in size. while Pach- appear, and before it could be grasp- of our poilelo, and the correct stamp- It used to be considered that only urinary
ytherium was as large as an ox. They ed would often be nearly out of sight, ;ng for market of each box, just as we troubles were to be traced to the kidneys
were slow moving creatures with little its tail alone remaining alove ground. do our oranges. If they are Triumphs, but now modern science proves that nearly
intelligence, needing tlhe heavy armor The hairy armadillo, according to mark them so. If they are Nectar, all constitutional diseases have their begin-
to protect them front tlle attacks of Az:ira, would scent a dead horse a long mark them so. What then, will he- ninn in kidney trouble.
the savage animals of the time. way, and run directly toward it as come of the poor stuff? Let the other if you are sick you can make no mistake
These giants seemed to have anti- would 1a ountld. Instead of attacking fellow do the walking. by first doctoring your kidneys. The mild
cipated the curious armadillos of to- it above ground, tile armadillo would Somle weeks ago I brought this mat- and the extraordinary effect of Dr. Kilmer's
day, which are found in South Amner begin a burrow some distance off and ter to tte attention of the A. C. (. ex- Swamp-Root, thegreat kidney remedy is
lea and the southwestern Iorders of coine ilp t lneatll it. burrowing into it change directors, setting before them soon realized. It stands the highest for its
the United States. It was difficult to and remaining in the body until it had I the facts as they appear to me. They wonderful cures of the most distressing cases
Imagine more interesting creatures d atleiti'd all ibt tie hide and the: heartily approved of the plan. and ap- and issold on its merits
than these armoured burrowers, pro- bones. This species is said not to pointed me to appear before the Sou- by alldruggistsinfifty-
vided with a coat of mail jointed and build burrows to live in. preferring the ithern California Fruit Exchange. Here ent and one-dollar siz-
so arranged that some can coil them- surfauce of the ground. When the sing- again thle plan was exploited and en- es. You may have a
selves into a perfectly protected ball ular Lotocudos were first visited by idorsed. They said I was right; that it sample bottle by mail Homosrwa pooa .
Impervious to the attacks of almost vwlite imn. they were found to Ie pro- I was an important matter, but that 1 free, also pamphlet telling you how to find
any foe. vided with extraordinary speaking had a hard nut to crack. I said there out if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
Armadillos are no rare in museumsA irunimpets. ard as rocks and made up was no nut so hard that a hammer Mention this paper when writing Dr. KIlme
but to see one alive with its young is of facets. These were the tail armor could not bl- got to crack it. They an- & Co., Binghamton, N. Y.
not an everyday experience; and when of tile armadillos, which -attains a pointed me to represent them in bring-
I was informed that a female owned length of two to five feet and has ing this subject before pomelo growers. THE "COMMON SENSE"
by Edwards Brothers, Tacoma, Wash- twelve or mnore movable bands. Its Just here let me say, let us all cease ORANGE SIZER AND GRADER.
Ington, had given birth to three young claws are enormous, constituting the calling this delicious fruit "grape- OA SIZ AN RA
In Pasadena, I induced the owner to most powerful digging armament i fruit." pomelo is its name, and pomelo
allow me to photograph the family known among animals and in the re- it should be called. California has a Ce tepest mudBes t r on theMarket.
group. The young were interesting gions where it is found, bodies when large acreage set to this fruit, and as
little creatures about six inches in buried have to be weighted with rocks the trtes come into maturity and so to Over 1,400 in use in Florida, Call-
length and despite the fact that they to prevent their depredations. producing better fruit and more fruit fornia, Jamaica, and in the large com-
were but a day old were very active, Nearly all tlhe .rmadillos are valued it will be an important matter that we mission houses of New York, Boston,
and doubtless the patient photograph- as food, thet flesh being described as are on the right basis. It is easier to Philadelphia, and other points.
er, Mr. Jarvis, of Pasadena, never had good even from the American stand- make these changes now and establish Orange sizer. C m bined
such remarkable and obstreperous sub- point. The shells are used for a vari- uniformity now than when our output without hop- grapefruit A.
jects, as it took four men over an hour ety of purposes, and I have seen a very is increased many fold. It will be a i o- raerut
to photograph them. The mother was fair guitar made from one, the strings comparatively easy matter now to per only $6. orange sizers,
very docile, and displayed no affection being stretched across the opening, a straighten this matter out. Most of With hopper, / without hop-
for her young. When placed on a table neck of wood having been inserted. To the kinds are so dissimilar as to be $8.50. p ers, $8.00.
on a white cloth, to throw her outlines a certain extent the animals are scav- easily distinguishable. Those that are Same with
Into relief, she seemed like a stuffed engers. Several have been kept on not so distinguishable should be merg- hopper $10.50.
specimen as far as any interest in her one of our men-of-war to kill insect ed.
surroundings went; the only motion and anilnal pests, devouring rats, mice Citrus in California (Lelong), recog-
being a trembling, as though she were and cockroaches with avidity. They nizes Duarte Seedling, now called Nec-
cold. But the two young were contin- are not confined to animal diet in their tar; Colton Terrace Seedling, Triumph,
ually moving, attempting to reach the natural state, eating succulent roots, Commercial Aurantium. Thursby,
mother and nurse-a privilege which seeds and plants of various kinds.- Marsh Seedless and Leonardy, and be-
she had evidently denied them from Scientific American. sides these recognizes Water's Iin-
the first, and the owner was trying to proved and Imperial. Some of these
raise them by the bottle, to which they Names of Pomelos. varieties have been discarded, and in
seemed favorably inclined. Their move- Paper read before the Cal. Farmers' some cases are being budded over,
ments were very rapid and erratic. Institute by A. P. Griffin, of Azusa, while some Itave had such poor suc- Drilits and Russets can be sized
and when touched they at first seemed California. ess with tile pomelo on the market graded at the sae time. Capacity
to recognize a stranger, and gave sud- When tle manufacturer sends his (probably having bought the wrong of r.e5 machine, 500 boxes per day.
den leaps; but they soon became recon- wares to market. he carefully marks kind) that they have rebudded to the aaci .00 macne, 00 boxes per day.
cied to the warmth of my hand, and the package with labels which indi- navel orange. Capacity of $;i.00 machine, 200 boxes.
would lie perfectly quiet. They were cate the character of the contents. What is my plan? It is thiS: Let the Send for Circular.
pink in color and almost perfect fac- Does the tack manufacturer mark his pomelo growers present appoint a J. T. CAIRNS, - DeLand, Fla.
similes of their parent; their eyes open product "tacks"-the bolt manufactur-, committee to examine the fruit on ex-
and the armor as hard as the inside of er, simply "bolts," and keep you guess- hibition-men who have tle confidence
a man's hand and by no means as soft ing what kind of tacks of bolts are of the growers. Let this committee seg- Well Digging Outfit
as one might expect. The head was within? Or does the seedman simply regate tile kinds-as few kinds (of the F Sl
very large in proportion to the body. say "peas" or "corn," etc? The orchard- good) varieties as possible, and say Se.
the reverse holding in the adult. ist may say "apples" or "oranges," and which are Triumph or Nectar or Au- w
There was something aboutt both par- allow you to open the package to find rantium. etc. V have steam well-diging outfit
entand young suggestive of swine; the whether you drew a blank or a prize. Wihy. sometime ago a friend of mine, with tools complete for boring wells
peculiar snout as cold as ice, the pig- True the nurseryman marks his trees desiring to purchase some pomelo from four to twelve inches diameter,
like ears, and a very comical piglike navel oranges, and after waiting three trees, inquired of a nurseryman: e e le an a
trot completed the resemblance. The years you find out what kind of a nur- "Have you pomelo trees?" which we can sell at less than half
mother was perfectly tame, and sat in seryman he was and what kind of trees "Yes." the original cost. Any one Interested
the keeper's arms in almost any posi- you have got. "What kind?" in getting a well-digging outfit cheap,
tion without objecting. but a strong, Why do we mark our oranges by "Triumph." lc corr d wih
peculiar musky odor was particularly their distinctive variety names, if not "What shape, flat or pear-shaped?" ese correspond with us.
offensive, and would prevent the ar- to profit by the custom? Then why not "Flat." E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
madillo from being a popular pet. adopt the same system with our po- He struck another gentleman of the Jacksonville, Fla.
When placed upon the floor the animal melos? same ilk, and propounding the same
would trot around at a rapid gait, ap- Perhaps because the most of our questions received the same answers,
apparently not using her small eyes. but fruit is not the best, and if we told except the last-his Triumphs were Budded and Grafted
touching the snout to the floor at every the other fellow what kind it was he pear-shaped. How can these things be?
step, as though to direct her course. would not want much of it. Last sea- I have heard the complaint from an- Mulgoba Mangoes.
The two adults ate three pounds of son "grapefruit," so-called, sold all other source that Triumph runs small.
roast beef per day, and were given the way from $1 to $5 per box. Why? My own generally run large. I trust Imported from India; absolutely free
nothing else. I sent one box to Philadelphia and they this matter may have your careful con- from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
The observer in watching the animal were sold fcr $2.60 a box if I remember sideratlon, and that you do not quake Largest assortment of Crotons in the
could not divest himself of the idea right. The purchaser was selling them because the task may not seem an r ts t t t
that it was an automaton and wound for $3, I believe, a dozen. He said they easy one. If the solution of this ques- United States.
up, so clumsy were the movements, were the finest he had had from Cal- tion is in the interest of the success- Also Citrus stock. Address,
Sometimes she stopped as though to ifornia. Why did he buy them so cheap ful marketing of the pomelo, let us JOHN B. BEACH,
listen, cocking her long ears upward and sell them so high? When they take hold of It and solve it.West Palm Beach Fla.
-d.holding her head slightly on one were offered as "grapefruit" neither t alm Beach Fl
sde, at which time she might be stand- he nor his competitors knew what Old Books Rebound at this Omee. Can't you win one of our premiums?
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
DEPABRTIENT OF ORNAXENTAL of reds exactly alike, two creamy sprouts up again when the tops are
HORTICULTURE. whites, two salmon pinks and two cut off.
Mind you, these were all purchase e clip an account of one expert-
BY V. C. STEELE, under different names. It would seem meant with Smilax from The Mayflow-
as though every florist did his own er, written by a lady in Florida. Pain back of your
SWITZERLAND. FLORIDA naming. Our own experience is that it grows eyes? Heavy pressure
PHi s C. point Second.-If you have room for readily from seed and is very easily in your head? And are
Hibiscus Cannabinus. lIut one Paeony, let it be one of the te. you sometimes faint and
We always like to know the true deep. large-flowered red ones. My ex- transplanted. I the spring of 18dz, yOU sometimes fat andg
nalne1 of any plant which we cultivate. lsrience is that tile dark Paeonies are we planted some seeds in small boxes dizzy? Is your tongue
the most roust growers, and by far covered with glass. They were slow coated Bad taste in
Sonic weeks ago we described a Ili- the most prolific in bloom. Beyond s t but came on rapidly yourmouth? Anddoes
Iiscus which we received last spring question they are the most admired in ti t cme rapidly your food distress you
:ileled "Southern B(eauty." A contri- by tile masculine side of the l house, "hen they began. As fast as they A-e you nervous and ir-
lltor in writing described one whlichli an" we have yet to see the flower lov- ainie through the ground we trais- ritable? Do you often
was known to lr as "Cuban Holly- u woman wlho does not like the Ilantted tile little seedllings to other have the blues? And
h:l k.own th er t .1 "u('sn ts mlelly- limning intelnseless of their deep, rich, boxes leaving the seed boxes still cov- ae y ble A
lhok." 1e :lady sent us a sample red color. They are grand to look at, s l i th d os ti o are you troubled about
blossom and seed pod which showed and superb for pulpit Ibuquets, and 'r'dl with glass. In this way we got sleeping?
the two to Ie tihe smlne species. other tall nosegays. If you have room quite a good percentage of tile seeds
for two cnlupnls of 'aeonies, let the to grow. But with the next lot we Ma yw AW D
Specimens sent to the l )eirtlmetlt secondly be tile best white you can get. shall Iroceed as with ordinary aspara- Mf t-fwO
of Agriculture brought the informia- Tihe white blooms, like some great But there is a cure.
tion t;at the species was Hibiscus tluflly light globe, please the ladies as us sel, viz: Scald the seed and let theo ria c
Canuabinus. much as the deep red ones do the men. it soak for several hours: 'Tis the old reliable
Of this species, Von Mueller, in his I"or cutting, they are always in de- "I have before me a plant-or, I
f t ec, on r. in is and. The dee, clear pinks are the should say, several plants-not in the
Select Extra Tropical Plants, says: next most popular color. After that, posssessio of many of my amateur
"Tropical Asia, Africa and Australia. what you will. The single-flowered friends. A Smilax vine, raised from
An annual showy herb, yielding a sorts are graceful, asthetic sort of flow- seed, and which, though it has passed
hemp-like fiber. Stems 12 fee t high u;.'. usually extremely early, and are through many vicissitudes, has at
without ramification if closely son. Iced in large collections. Those who length arrived at that stage where it
a if closely so il. have int few P'aeonies would do better is most truly a thing of beauty. Some
Rich soil on tile Nile has yielded over to coti(ne themselves to the double two summers ago I obtained the seed
3,(8X) pounds of clear filer from one sorts. The tree or Moutan Paeonies, (among others, the memory of which
acre. Tile bearing strength is often that are so extravagantly praised, and still fills my soul with anguish), and
found to be more than that of the held at such high prices, we have found planted them most carefully, according
fon to be re tn tat of the anything but satisfactory. They start to directions, in leaf mold, loam, etc.,
Sun fiber. The leaves serve as sorrel in hud so early that late freezes catch some in a box and the rest in a pot,
spinach." them1 every time. P. tenufolia, a cut- and waited results, showering fre-
Thus it seems to combine the useful lea ved dwarf variety of very early qiuently. Well, I continued to wait
with the ornamental. Whether it ever Ii is a gel. Te flower resembles for some three or four months, seed oc- They act directly on
withtheorna nt. thr t a Jacquiminot rose more than anything casionally coming to surface as sound the liver. They cure
proves valuable as a filer plant or not else. It is finer for small yards because as when planted, till one or two came constipation,biliousness,
it is certainly worth cultivating for its of its small size. lp in the Imx. Some six months later, sick headache, nausea,
flowers. Every one who saw it this Point Third.-lPlant in the fall, if thoroughly disgusted. I turned out the
o pronouincel it tiye most showy you live south of tile Ohio river line. soil in the pot to fill up a box, and !o! and dyspepsia. Take a
season pronounced it the most showy oil in t o t la box, d se ach niht.
hesea catalogues keep on telling us that in less than no time appeared over half laxative dose each night.
and beautiful Hibiscus that they had they can be planted in either fall or a dozen young Smilax vines indiscrim- For 60 years years they
ever seen. spring. Probably they can in the inately mixed up with other plants, have been the Standard
* North. I know what I am talking but straightway seeking the light. 1 Family Pills.
The Climbing Yellow Jessamine. about when I say that spring-planted have often been told and have read mPr cn as. Anll Dr
lGelsemium Sempervirens.) Paeonies in the South and Southwest that they are extremely difficult to "I averaken Ayer's PiTregu-
Editor Floral Department: are invariably refractory about bloom- transplant, and consequently looked larly for six months. Thay hve
Many years ago I first saw this ing. They do well if they bloom the forward to that very necessary opera- Iured me of a m twsv to er a
beautiful and greatly admired climber, second or third year after such plant- tion in fear and trembling. However miles without getting tired or out
but was told that it would not survive ing out. Sometimes they get the sulks, they were transferred safely to a large o feeble to do for many hye t
the operation of transplanting: but my and fool around half a dozen years, pot, and though several accidents have 8. L. WALLwor,
experience has been that it is endowed with nothing else the matter that any happened, and I came near losing them Julyla,189g. Salem.ia
with great tenacity of life. and bears one can see only spring-planting in the last summer from an unavoidable ex- t*me f-, Da6o ..
transferring from one place to another first place. Fall-planted roots, If the cess of moisture, nearly all recovered rtf yo have any complaint wihaever
with the greatest degree of success. clumps are good, ones, usually bloom and are now as pretty as ever.-Irene an d lesire t e be theia daoSey
Three years ago I lifted one in full the next spring. The plants need to L. Moase." treeY. anwilreceiea prompteS.
bloom together with the water oak get established in the ground before ly without Co'st. sen,
bush on which it had climbed, and set the coming of hot weather, and It takes
them out by a large Russian Mulberry several months to do this. Hurried Thunbergia Fragrans.
tree, with the result that the leaves into top growth immediately after The following account of this very
and blossoms drooped but little by planting, plants under a hot sun lose desirable perennial climber we find in
the process, and soon displayed as something of their vigor. Sometime Park's Floral Magazine. It was writ- each side. This will give two long
tuch vigor as ever. The vine still con- the flower-buds push up, but theyIt was writ- ch side. This wll give to long
tinned to grow till it has completely blast instead of developing. ten by our contributor, Mrs. G. W. Av- strips from the belly part to be used
enveloped the top of the tree by which Paeonies are not suitable for bedding, ery. Doubtless she is correct in her for bacon. The thick or back pieces
(-ain be, cnt into narrow pieces for salt-
it was planted for support. and last but they are just at home in the ner- own experience, but there are excep- in i rrow eces for salt-
winter it was covered for over a month ennial border. If one has plenty of tions to all rules and we find some
with its incomparable golden colored border room, let them plant liberally Pack the hams and shoulders into a
blossoms. Those who have water oaks of Paeonies. He will never repent it, soils too wet for Thunbergia fragrans barrel, placing the bacon pieces on top.
or wild cherry trees that they are not particularly If he exercises mother- in the winter: so they can be taken from the brine
over proud of can greatly improve wit and chooses extra-early, medium "Why it is called 'fragrans' I cannot first for smoking. Do not make the
their appearance by giving them a and late sorts. Paeonies are men- say. It has no odor, but is a very pret- brine more tltan half as strong as that
covering of the Yellow .Tenaminine. Its catchers, and the men make up half ty white-flowering vine, and able to used for side pork, and make It nuite
color, shape and profusion of bloom the world, you know. So grow plenty take care of itself under adverse condi- sweet by using brown sugar or good
are all tfiat could be desired. M. of them, and don't be afraid to cut tions. I have one that has come up molasses. A small quantity of salt-
We know from experience that this them when they bloom. Remember in a bed of Bermuda grass, in Door, peter may also be dissolved and added
vine is very easily transnlanted.-Ed. your friends of course, but do not for- sandy soil. It has made a very good to the brine. This will make the hams
* get that awkward boy neighbor now growth, and is all the time covered much nicer than if salted in clear
Something About Paeonies. and then, or the rough-jacketed work- with those dazzling white flowers. It brine. After the bacon pieces have
Long ago. my other half told me that man that passes your door. It will do is never out of bloom the year round, lain in the brine about eight days. they
he wanted his flowers big enough and them g-;od to share with them, and do unless killed by a hard frost. It scat- will be salt enough to take out and
bright enough that he would not have you good also. Lora S. LaMance. ters seeds freely, and the young plants smoke, and the sooner they are smok-
to out on his glasses to see them. * come up everywhere. The other Thun- ed the better. The hams and shoulders
I could think of nothing that suited Smilax From Seed. bergias are also pretty, but I prefer the should remain in the brine about six
this description better than Paeonies. white. It is a most satisfactory vine, weeks. Those who have never tried
So when we laid out our home grounds Smilax, as it is commonly called, is and once you get it established you will this method of putting down a part of
at Oak Lawn. several groups of these a very pretty vine with delicate foll- always have it. It will stand drouth their pork. will find it so nice they will
were planted for the good-man's spec- age which is extensively grown by or wet soil, and grows well in poor wish. the whole hog was bacon. At any
lal benefit. We bought two dozen dif- land." rate the bacon at our house never lasts
ferent varieties (or supposed we did), florists. The tops are cut off from time half long enough. it is so much sune-
and have learned some things about to time and sold to be used for green rior to anything that can be bought on
them that others perhaps might profit in floral decorations. It is usually cat- Bacon Better Than Pork, the market.
by. alogued as Myrsiphyllum sparagoides. If ore farmers knew how easy it is
Point First-If you want variety, aparagoes to prepare bacon and how much more An old gentleman walking up Cork Hill.
select from some one dealer who has but the Cyclopedia of Am. Hort. gives delicious it is than so much salt pork, DAhlin overtook oa coa cart 'avily laden,
a large collection of varieties. Buy all the true name as Asparagus medeolo- I believe they would not fail to have a and drawn by a wretched quadruped with its
from this one firm. There is more fraud ides. liberal supply every year. When cut- legs bendi inder it, its bones sticking
to the square inch in the nomenclature The fact that it is an Asparagus will ting ip the hog. after the ribs have "How can you ill treat your horse Ao?" he
of Paeonles than of any other flower of i news to many who are familiar leet roed frh o hat is usually dd n the ai t qte x.
.which I know. We bought of differ- salted down as rich pork, instead ofing out."an
ent dealers, as name and description with its beautiful growth. It also ae- cutting the pork into narrow strips, cut "Exhausted, is it?"answered the boy. -Wh
caught our fancy. Result, four ets counts for the ease with which It down through the center lengthwise of 't the bd manners of him. He's tting
out at you"--l'on" 7mt-Bita.
0 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
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WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 1., 1901.
Gluts can never be prevented except
by an association covering the whole
of a given producing region. with a tel-
egraph system at their command. rainll
flying both sections, the one that pro-
duces and the one that consumes that
particular line of staples.
Once when Jay Gould was asked
what political party he belonged to, he
said sometimes he was a Republican.
and sometimes he was a Democrat, but
he was for the Erie Railroad all the
time. It matters mighty little with
the farmer what political party he be-
longs to. his destiny is largely in his
own hands. Let him work with all
his might for the biggest crop of po-
tatoes and the finest bunch of cattle.
It is the crowning glory of the United
States Government that it governs men
less than any other, that it leaves its
citizens free to work out their own
destiny. The mani who sits on the dry,
goods boxes day after day, berating
the government, declaring that the gold
standard is making slaves of the farm-
ers, while the cabbage in his undrained
fields is yellow and dying with sun-
scald, is a fool.
"What crops shall I plant?" is a
question which no farmer should ever
ask himself unless he is just entering
upon this occupation at middle age, af-
ter a life spent in some other pursuit.
The general usage of a community is
about right: the crops that a young
man's father planted before him are
almost certain to be those best adapt-
ed to the conditions in that locality.
Not what to plant, but how to plant-
that is the question. Plant the crops
of the neighborhood, especially if they
have been grown there for many
years; but select the seed carefully
and plant and cultivate so thoroughly
that your crop shall be far and away
the best In that community. The far-
mer who whiffles from one crop to an-
,ilihr. like a weathervane, generally
has his nose on the grindstone all the
time. for ie almost invariably is just
too late to get into the swim. If he
will plant according to the price, pota-
toes for instatfce. the best year to
plant is the year after potatoes have
ruled low, for that is the year when
the weathiervanes will drop out.
The growers of Florida are often ex-
liorteid ly the press to establish a can-
ning pIlant, and thus put on the mar-
ket at least a part of the enormous
aio;lllit o -aillnned goods on which
Il-iridians largely subsist. Call any
of these writers today, put his finger
ulpoltn single community where re-
sponsible growers within wagon-haul-
ilg tlisti:ance, would contract to fur-
nish several thousand bushels of to-
llnntoies at twenty-five cents per bushel,
and whinre the "help" could be secured
to run tlhe factory in thle busy season?
i'lorida farmers simply would not do
it on this basis. They would rather
take their chances of getting $1.50 to
$:.NI, per crate for a third of their crop
and allow the rest to rot on the ground
thall to accept twenty-five cents for
the entire output. The tomatoes would
I:have to be purchased for that amount
to ,enable the factory to compete with
estnb:llisinients in tile North, around
which this vegetable is produced at ai
profit for the above named price. As
for putting inl a cheap plant to can the
Irlshippled relnanlts for oneself and
ierhlap:,s for the neighbors and a few
stores in the immediate vicinity, that
is a different matter and would be
Business Principles in Farming.
Which is of the more value to tihe
state, a $25.00.( farmer or a $2.5.000
fruit grower? Comparisons are odious
it is s;id, but we can discuss the gen.
eral principles involved without giv-
ing offense. Practically everything de-
pends on the lman himself as to the
value for which lie stands to the com-
ltullity. Take a small farmer who Is
thrifty. industrious and moral, who at-
tends strictly to his own business, pro-
duces all his own table supplies, buys
:1eld sells I nothing. slips notliing-is lie
of any value to the community? He
pi3ys his taxes and says nothing. Ilia
hliildrell go to school, the family go
to church and come home again. They
live within themselves. If all people
were like these, there would be no com-
Iierlce, :nd it would he a very, very
nionolonous world; yet such people as
these are accounted the salt of the
Now take a $2.5,0(X fruit grower who
raises nothing but oranges, we will
say. atnd purchases everything else.
lie employs some hands, and therefore
helps to support another family or two.
'lTh supplies lie purchases come from
other quarters of the globe, therefore
ie contributes something to the sup-
port of a failily or families in the an-
tipodes. The difference between the
two men. setting aside all divergences
of character, culture and temperament,
is.that one has a greater business ca-
p:city than the other; the one not only
supliorts his family in better position
tlhan the other, but partially supports
several other families.
lint if both are good citizens and set
a praiseworthy example to the world,
both are equally respected and praise-
We reach the conclusion then, that The wretched conditions of the roads
specialty farming is an excellent thing is one of these, virtually making pris-
anld diversified farming is an equally owners of the female members of the
excellent thing. Only-and here is the fan.ily for considerable periods of time
immensely important consideration- andl i-endering a visit to town or to
let a man be certain that he possesses a neighbor's, a formidable undertaking
the business capacity to conduct a spe. to be dreaded and prepared for days
cialty successfully before he embarks in advance. In England the tenant
in it. Both these classes of men are who does not own a foot of real estate,
of fundamental necessity to the exist- without an hour's premeditation, hitch-
ence of society and both will always
exist, the diversity farmer in much
the larger numbers.
The point is simply this; if a man is
thoroughly satisfied by experience and
by careful analysis of his results that
Ihe c:in raise oranges, as a crop that
11h can safely depend on year after
year, and with his proceeds buy corn
more cheaply than he can produce It,
let linll raise oranges and purchase
One of the very important points
of the business ability mentioned
iabveI as necessary for the specialty
farmer, is the ability to get money
out of a crop when he has raised it.
We fear there will be several orange
growers "out" this winter, on the sale
of their crops, for greater or less
amounts, the same being balances left
Inplid by the speculators who bought
their crops. No grower should sell h'j
produce except for spot cash, payable
ill hand before the goods leave the
grove, the depot or the landing. All
honest buyers expect and are prepared
to pay in this way, and the shaky or
crooked ones are those who are "'short'*
or who have "delayed remittances."
No cashl. no goods, is the correct rule
for the grower to follow, and that only.
Of course this does not necessarily ap-
ply to your local merchant or to a mer-
chant with whom you have been deal-
ing and whom you have long and in-
Some of the Farmer's Burdens.
It is to lie set down as much to our
discredit that in great and free Ameri-
ca, where unlimited cheap land and the
ildepeldentice of rural life lie spread out
before us, there is a constant strain to
swarml into the cities, while in crowd.
ed Europe. it is the dream of every
ianill who saves a little money to own
soimetinle a hlolme in the country. How
:an we explain this desire of the Amer.
ican farmer to move into some little
town or city and place his family in a
sniall. stuffy, hot house or in some
cheap, tawdry bhording house? Maul
festly there is something wrong with
rural conditions, or else there must be
a fundamental) change taking place in
our national character. differentiating
it from that of our English ancestors.
We Iblieve that it is partly both.
Americans are more sociable and
more desirous of entertainment than
the English people, who are noted for
the taciturnity and even the austerity
of their family life. Americans resem-
ble the Germans in this respect more
than they do the English. The North
Germans almost invariably live in vil-
l:ges and travel out a mile or more
to carry on their diminutive farms.
There is a sturdy independence and
strength of character in the English-
man which brooks isolation and has re-
sources of its own. whereas in Ameri-
cnlls, especially among ou women,
there is a constant seeking for more
But it cannot be denied that there
are serious drawbacks to country
life in most American communities.
es nil his horse and takes the entire
family to spin along a hard, level,
road to town to visit the fair, or have
a bit of chat with their fellow tenants.
Another feature making against the
Io1pularity of country life is the un.
equal distribution of the burdens of
government between the citizen and
countryman. America, the boasted
land of liberty, the home of the free,
unjustly saddles with taxation the
greatest builder and maintainer of her
prosperity, the farmer. He pays taxes
on every acre he owns and on every
animal and implement. In the city a
commission merchant, for instance,
owns no property, but leases a build-
ing and carries on a business which re-
turns him a net income of $5,000 per
year (very few do that, but the prince.
ple is the same), and he pays taxes on
nothing. unless it may be his furniture.
HII harvests a greater Income than any
one of the farmers out of whom he
makes his living; yet they pay taxes
andt lite pays nothing, practically. Eng-
land has an income tax. England is
often pictured by our demagogues as
the land where the farmer is down-
trodden, while America is the asylum
of tlhe oppressed. America has a man-
hood suffrage bunt England has a man-
hood taxation, and we frankly admit
that of the two the latter seems to us
to be the most important for the wel-
lfar of the citizen.
A Beautiful Florida Home.
If any nian. resident or non-resident,
inulgint-c this section of Florida has
seen its Ib'st days, or that the orange
industry received an irretrievable set-
baIck whea: the great freeze came,
e shoultl ,iake a pilgrimage to "Hia-
watha." the beautiful place of L. F.
I)olntnerticihi at Maitland. and be con-
vinced telat there is in all the land no
fairer section for an ideal winter home,
and that the future is full of promise
for l7hc orange industry. What it has
been possible to accomplish by intelli-
gent, energetic work, and with no ab-
normal outlay is here strikingly illus-
To the end that he may have a place
ill which to spend a few winter months
of solid enjoyment the owner, who is a
New York millionaire, maintains an es-
lablihslient at Maitland which would
Iput to blushl many of the famous
country estates in old England. Mr.
Doimi:eriali might spend his winters
on tl'e MAediterraneon. or in any other
pilart of the world, but he prefers Or-
ingle county. Florida.
Through the courtesy of Mr. Hugh
('. Allen. Mr. Dommerich's faithful
and (-pnimpetent manager, a representa-
tive of the Sentinel-Reporter was one
day recently shown through the prem-
ises. The Dommerich place is located
aboln one mile east of the Maitland
Ipostolice. and consists of about one
hundred sixty acres. The dwelling of
the proprietor is a large two-story
building of pleasing design, and is sup-
plied with every accessory that goes
~o make a home pleasant and luxur-
ious. The-e is a complete gas generat-
ing plant, and water is piptd all over
tihe iltling from a tank which is sup-
plied from a wind mill from a driven
well 1li8 feet deep. Not far distant is
the dwelling of Mr. Allen. who has
hiad f.lll charge of the place for the
past eight years. This house is large.
well arranged and good enough for
'Near by are the greenhouses, or.
more properly the propagating houses.
There are four of these, one, the larg-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 41
eat and finest of all having but recent-
ly been built. It is 50x100 feet, while
the older ones are each 25x50 feet. In
these houses are to be found nearly
every plant that grows. They contain
more than ten thousand pots, and
many unpotted plants are growing in
the ground. A large proportion of the
contents of these plant houses are there
oni temporarily; at the proper time
they will be planted in the grounds.
One particular curiosity is a coffee tree
About one hundred acres of tlhe
place is under cultivation. A large tract
of dense hammock has been left in its
virgin state save that is traversed by
seven miles of foot paths. which wind
in and out among the oaks. pines, mag-
nolias, palmettoes and underbrush.
Along these paths have been planted
rare plants and shrubs. The larger
trees are thickly draped with Spanish
moss, making an effect at once trop-
ical and beautiful. yet weird,
"Hiawatha" borders for half a mile
or more upon Lake Minnehaia, a bean-
t'ful body of water, and on the shore
is a tine boat house. A pond in the in-
terior of the grounds is fringed with
lotus. Zanzibar lilies and other acqua-
tic plants. On the lawns about the
house and on the shore of Minnehaha
there is a heavy turf, and as spring ap-
proaches they will Iw clothed with
green. The drives, walks and lawns
are kept with scrupulous neatness.
There is a pumping plant on the
shore of the lake. which is connected
with a system of pipes and hydrants.
to deliver water to any part of the
place. A drouth is impossible at "Hia-
w.-tha." This irrigating plant alone
The entire place is enclosed by a
fence of wire strung through iron posts
set in cement blocks. That portion of
it lying along tihe highway Is covered
with vines of the Cherokee rose.
whi-h when in bloom makes a most
The 'grove which covers about
sixty acres, is one of tile finest in the
country. and before the great freeze
10o.401 boxes of fruit have been taken
from it in a single season. Like nearly
all other groves ill Florida i: was prac-
tically wiped out by the freeze. But it
was not abandoned. The shoots were
cnareflly nurted i1nd as i result the
"'Hiawatha" orange grove is fast re-
covering its old time glory and is al-
ready a most valuable property. A
large portion of the trees have al-
ready reached the bearing stage and
next year an immense crop may be ex-
pected. This season the crop will
amount to about :35- boxes. The resus-
citalton of this grove involved no nn-
usnal outlay. It resulted simply from a
determination to make the west of the
situation and build up a new grove
from what was Ilt.. The result is an
object lesson of thilt, less courageous
orange growers who abandoned their
groves to sawgrass and brambles. Anv
number of these pitiful runlns of form-
er beautiful grov s may be found with-
in a few m'les of the Dommericli
grove. all of which might. with proper
care. have been brought bha k to life.
The ltonlnierichl grove has about
3.0(10 trees of thle ordinary varieties
anti 30 or more of tle rarer kinds.
such as tangerines. mandarins. etc.
There are alto lhout 700 grapefruit
trees and eighty of the queer little
kumquats. tlhe latter being loaded with
their strange fruit.
There is on the place a complete or-
ange packing house, which is provided
with all the mo-t approved facilities
for sizing. grading. and packing or-
anges. Upon tile whole, the Dommerich
place is worth going a long way to see.
There is at !east one house in Tondon
where youn will n soon see a python
as a pe"aoe.k' f. father. says thle On-
looker. Tlhe. 'lra-ing-room was once
decorated w:ti a 'rieze of them. made
into fans. a.il f inl that moment the
Shadow of TDen't'i dclpow'nled on the
house. Trihe ln'-' -- --' i'. 1'-; <"'t4'r :land
two son. die, ilr little more than a
year, and then anl explo,
death. But the malign influt. nc. of the
Teacock's fea'her- was exhausted, andi
they perished I'v tl'e'r own act.
Though tile drawing roin w-as shut.
the fiery biast rusnhe in over tile top
of It. and. flying round just below the
ceiling, Inrned them all to ashes. No
other damage was done in the room,
and it was some years before there
was another death in the family.
The tail of a cat is a wonderful
piece of mechanism, plain and simple
as it looks. There are more muscles in
it than in the human hand .
RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 26 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
virle, Fla. 10x31-O
FOR SALE-Nursery-All .Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 271. Orlando, Fla. Mt
CASSAVA ASEED FOR SALE-Purchaser
may bid on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne. Abakka and Enville City. JAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. SWti
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg,
FOR ,ALE-Sugar Mill and Engine-Large
sized mill. will sell cheap. Apply to H. I.
TI F N, Courtenay, Indian River, Fla. 2-4
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale,
WANTED-Orange Trees-500 to 1000
grafted or budded 3 to 4 year grafts or
buds 4 to 5 teet high. Quotelow. H. J.
TIFPIN. Courtenay. Fla. 2x4
"WHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA"-Beautiful
kodak album. Cloth and morocco binding.
Cloth 50c. morocco 75c, postpaid. B. 0.
PAINTER & CO., DeLand. Pla. 2t.
RBELCIAN HARES-At all prices according
to size and and quality, Imported Pedigree
stock a specialty Correspondence olici-
ted. H. PRICB WILLIAMS, Miami. Fla.
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 123t
FOR SALE-$75 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address. P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett,
Prop. Tampa, Fla., 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
apple, Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so.
CONSIGN ORANGES TO
PORTER BROS. CO.,
WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.
CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $Sso,ooo.oo.
CHICAGO. NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS.
i A4 is
PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re
ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER BROS. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
.* .C EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of. STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES she
tions and General Instructions for shipping Florida products supplied from the Jacksonvfle ofkce
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tnk...............12 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
SBarrel Spray Pump, com-
I plete with hose, etc......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................ 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................... 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
Insecticides: Lime, Sulphate of op-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur, etc.
Pine and Bauo Orsage Boe ,
Shaved Blrsh oop, Fresh Green
i.xed Hoops, aimsa a 03eters
Orange Wraps, Camenmt Coated Ue
Nails, PIneapple, Roea, Csnt oUp,
Cabbage and other Crates T6mat
Ca river Lettuce Baskets, a.
ImperialPlows and Cltvatoras,e t
Catalogue sad priee lIatso aPn-
Room 18 Robinsol'BBllg.
We have a full supply of
all the best varieties of Or-
Orang Tr e =='anges. Pomelos, Kumquats,
Orange Frees== e.
etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. Can show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the'nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOIIUEI FREE. Corresondence Solicited.
I'OR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state. GLEN *T A Y NURSEIAESa
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rogh lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.T.M A Y
Best quality, Tow prices. Address THE L TABER Proprietor
GRIFFIN BROTHERS Company, Jack. L. A E P price ,
sonville. Fla. 41tf
nRR 1 von CHAN' E-Por rent ri.htin Glen St. Mary, Florida.
the villae of Pierson. one 10 room house
and one 5 room house. each having a well
of good water. .tove and some furnit.ire. Satsuma Oranes on Trifollata
Will lease the former for s8 and the latter VE I I Stock $15 to per 1i. Peach
for $4 per month Correspondence invited. trees at $5 to $8 per 100 ...
N. L. PIERSON Pierson. Pia. 3x5
VANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees MULBERRIES, PECANS, KUMQUATS, UMBRELLA TREES
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons, Plums, A DAN E G N ST.M ARA
Pears. Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam- A LEN S MARY, FLA
phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cata- G S
logue free. Address, THE GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
WANTED CASSAVA The Planters'
Manufacturing Co., Lake Mary. Fla..
win be glad to correspond with all per-
sons wish'rg to sell CASSAVA this fall.
either for cash or in exchange for CAR-
SAVA FEED. Early arrangements will r e e
be of value to growers and WE TPAY
THE FREIGHT. F. G. PERIINSR.
ORANGE WRAPS AND BOX H.A DS)
FOR SAL Ii have 50 reams llxl.1r4. moAT C
reams 9x9. .40 reams 0Ox10 manllln or- O 2B W ATCHES
angen wraps whioh I will sell at a I.ar-
gain. Aqso 4.000 orange box heads and
4,000 half box 'heads at a price ch0rner
than the lumber In the boards. Tf In-
terested write me. W. C. PAINTER.
NOW IS THE TIME to plant pecan nuts.
Frotcher's Egg Shell is the best. Select
nuts go forty to the pound. Also seedling
and grafted trees. American olive, a beau-
tiful evergreen tree, for parks, lawns and
hedges. T.ucie grass plants, for the finest P Off No Iy on a gmb new a ,d
lawns and for pastures. Japanese eneqtnuts AnY asendll l e sI n e __ubscrm and.. i-
ery larre. single specimens weigh one I I ll W an Open-fac, S I -Wild
',InCe. Perfectly adapted to -11' sr I s a.d
climate. Pest peaes o nme a nd a stemn-set watch, guaranteed bv the manufacturers for one year. Scnd yowu s rp-
ping W Ii. IIASKELL, ieland, o tions at once to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jackosmille, Fla.
12 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
The manufacturers of Royal
Baking Powder have always declined
to produce a cheap baking powder
at the sacrifice of quality.
The Royal is made from the
most highly refined and wholesome
ingredients, and is the embodiment
of all the excellence possible to be
attained in the highest class baking
Royal Baking Powder costs only
a fair price, and is cheaper at its
price than any similar article.
Samples of mixtures made in imitation of baking
powders, but containing alum, are frequently dis-
tributed from door to door, or given away in
grocery stores. Such mixtures are dangerous
to use in food, and in many cities their sale is
prohibited by law. Alum is a corrosive poison, and
au physicians condemn baking powdrs conining it
OY.AL BAKING POWDER CO., 100 WILLIAM ST., NMEWvOIm
- OUSEHOLD )DEPABRT3 T.
A" communications or enquiries for this de-
"' memint should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.
Editor Househod Department:
I have eaten doughnuts- made by dif-
ferent people ,and I presume according
to different recipes, but decidedly bet-
ter are those made by the one I give.
They really cannot be improved upon
in my estimation unless one likes them
seasoned with cinnamon or other flav-
The recipe is as follows:
Five tablespoons melted lard, six
heaping tablespoons sugar, four eggs,
one very light, teaspoon soda, flour
enough to make stiff enough to knead.
Break eggs, whites and yolks to-
gether, add grease and sugar and stir
five minutes, then add flour and soda.
Knead stiff and roll very thin. Fry in
boiling lard. I make a variety of
shapes, large rings, crescents, twisted
sticks, figure eights, squares and dia-
monds slashed two or three times in
the center. I cut large round ones
with a biscuit cutter and cut three
small holes in each with a thimble. I
also make crossed ones. tied ones. and
as many more fanciful shapes n. I
can think of. Sprinkle each as it is
taken from the pan with white suiga~'.
The sugar will not adhere after the
grease is dry. This wlln make a large
flat dish full to heaping. They are
very pretty and the longer they stand,
the better they seem to get. To serve
them lay a doily in a plate and arrange
different shapes upon it. They will
last for quite a while folr too many
eaten at one time would be more than
likely to give one indigestion. "that
conscience of every bad stomach." as
one writer terms it.. M. A. B.
The following recipe has proved so
satisfactory to those who have used it.
that we give it to the readers of the
Household Department. These biscuits
are quite nice served for supper and
are an agreeable change from the or-
linary biscuits or light rolls.
Bake two large potatoes, nmash while
lot, being careful to leave no lumps;
nto the hot potatoes stir a teacupful
)f lard and butter, mixed, salt and
wo well beaten eggs. To this, add a
eacupful of milk in which has been
dissolved one-half cake of compressed
east, also a tablespoonful of sugar.
Stir in one quart of flour. Mix this at
nine o'clock in the morning and let it
stand until noon, sharp, then add to
he dough one pint of flour. Knead
well and let It rise until five or six
o'clock in the afternoon. Turn onto a
Ioard with just flour enough to handle.
Itoll out and cut with a biscuit cutter.
ndl place two together, one on iop of
the other, in the baking pan. Let them
rise for two hours and bake in a quick
One and one-half (cus of bread
crumbs. three-fourths cup of sugar, one
tablespoon of butter, the yolks of three
eggs, and the grated rind of one lem-
on. With this use one quart of sweet
milk. Bake slowly.
Beat the whites of the eggs very
stiff, sweeten and add the juice of the
lemon, lput this on the top of the pud-
iling andl set in tihe stove for a few
minutes. being careful not to brown It.
This pudding is very nice to serve
either cold or hot, and is a very nice
way to use up the stale bread, besides
being quickly and easily made.
Editor Household Department.
I;ibbons are worn for belts, stocks,
lies and in so many other ways
that the amount expended for them is
no small item in the cost of clothing.
A black dress is given a very differ-
ent appearance by changing the black
stock for one of cherry color, pale blue
or lavender. Ties of various widths are
used. from the narrow ones with a
plain bow in front, to the wide rib-
bons worn as a simple sailor scarf with
long ends. or passed twice around the
neck and knotted or tied in front. No
toilet is complete without them for
they relieve the severity of the tailor
made gowns or add additional charm
to more elaborate toilets.
Iliblions are not only expensive but
very easily soiled, and while a pretty
stock and belt will do much toward
making a gown look stylish or attrac-
tive. a soiled or faded ribbon will spoil
the effect of the daintiest toilet, Al-
most any ribbon will bear washing If
carefully handled. Many; economical
women have found gasoline excellent
for cleaning them while others use a
"ulds made of soap bark chips. They
should ie ruled between the hands
until thoroughly clean, then examine
them and if they are too badly faded
to use again. dye them some darker
sliade with diamond dye and they are
given a new lease of life. White rib-
hons w1ll take delicate shades of pink,
blue and lavender. Light colored rib-
lons are pretty dyed cardinal red; if
they are too dark for that, save them
until you have half a pound or more.
nnd use a package of black diamond
dye for silk. No matter what color they
are nor how spotted or streaked,
they will come forth a beautiful jet
black. Rinse thoroughly in several
warm, soft waters until the last rins-
ing water is left clear, then smooth the
ribbon between the hand: and windl
over a piece of stiff c:ordlonrd. When
all has been wound Iplace it between
soft cloths and place it under a heavy
pressure. A letter press is good if you
have one. but if not place it under
heavy books and leave it to dry. WVhen
taken out it will be smooth and look
like new. Another way to manage
them is to hang them up in the opeu
air until about half dry then cover
them with .cheese cloth or some other
thin material, and iron with a mod-
erately hot iron until dry.
The Value of Friends.
We do not always realize how much
of the happiness of life we owe to omn
friends. It may seem to be a trivial
thing that you happen to have consid-
erate and agreeable neighbors, whom
you like to meet on the street, or to
have run in to spend an evening; bui
when you reflect how pleasant this as
sociation is, and what it would meal
Two hundred bushels of po-
tatoes remove eighty pounds
Sof "actual" Potash from the
soil. Unless this quantity
is returned to the soil,
?k the following crop will
to you ian to your family to remove
to some strange place, where you had
to make acquaintances all over, you
begin to look at the matter in a differ-
ent light. After you have passed a cer-
tain age. it is almost impossible to
make new friends. and for such peo-
ple a change of residence to a place
among strangers is little less than a
calamity. It is not merely sympathy
and tle sense of human comradeship
and interest that our friends give us;
they are a most valuable means of ed-
ucation. if they are wise. alert and
thoughtful. A friend who is a student
will give you in an evening's chat the
insight into many volumes. And even
when your friend does not have at-
tainments beyond your own it is worth
while to correct your point of view
upon many matters by discussion and
argument. But remember that lie who
would have friends must show him-
self friendly, and you cannot expect to
reap the choicest fruits of friendship
unless you are willing to contribute
your share to the common stock. It is
a fine art to get friends and to keep
Opening Fruit Jars:-I had been told
that the way to open screw-topped
fruit jars was to dip them in hot water
so I dipped, and then strained and
struggled in an attempt to remove the
covers. usually having to resort to the
knife. This I dislike to do. for though
it is usually effective, it is almost sure
to injure the cap so that it will leak
air the next time it is used. I now
stand my jara upside down in hot
water as deep as the covers, letting
them stay there five minutes or more.
They will unscrew easily after that in
nearly every case.
Scalloped Potatoes.-When the win-
ter vegetables become scarce toward
spring, potatoes have to be depended
on more than ever. They are nice scal-
loped. Peel and slice them. and soak a
short time in cold water. Put a layer of
potatoes in a baking dish, then add a
little onion in slices, salt, pepper. but-
ter and a sprinkling of flour. Contin-
ue in this way until the potatoes are
all used up. Then pour in milk until
it shows among the potatoes. Bake in
a moderate oven two hours or a little
more. It is well to stir once in a while.
to prevent sticking to bottom and sides.
A Wheelbarrow on Washing-day.-
Anything that lessens the labor of
washing-day ought to be welcome. On.,
day, as I went to hang the clothes out.
I looked in vain for a place to put the
basket where the bottom of it would
not get muddy. Then I espied a wheel-
harrow near by. and so I put the bas-
ket in that and then wheeled it to the
place where I wanted to begin opera-
tions. It saved a great deal of stoop-
Ing. and it could easily le moved to the
place where it was wanted.
I notice there are still people who use
a box or basket for their clothes-pins.
This seems strange when a clothes-pin
bag or apron can be so easily made. It
is more convenient when worn about
the neck, instead of as an apron,-
Farm and Fireside.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 4
]POVWUIY AND aRE DIZPART- (
S; MrT. t
All communications or inquiries for this de-
IMrtnwnt should be addressed to
,P sle Dept. Jacksonville. Fla.
Whitewashing is in season at all
thine on a poultry plant. lut esiecial-
ty so during the summer. aand ;laout
the poultry preilmises in particular. All
the out-houses. shops.. fences :ul; evel I
the trunks of the trees ca-in stand a
thorough washing twice a year. andl tile
whole premises thereby made to take
on a more neat. new and attractive ap-
pearacee. White makes a beantiful
contrast with the green foliage of tile
trees and surroulndings but is consider- 4
et by some too glaring and hard on I
the eye. This 4-an easily Ie remedied
by the addition of a little dry coloring
4a may nuit ones liking. Poultry and
0noops should be whitewashed inside
Mnd out. all the nest boxes and other
i.xtuns should also receive a coating
at leant once a month. Tile ordinary
Nme and water wash lias the disad-
Tantage of easily washing off altl also
sticking to :ind marking one's clothing.
or whatever runs against it and we
here give three excellent recipes for
talking wjiiteiwashl that will not rub)
off. We have used it for years with ex-
Black in hoiling water onle-half bush-l
el eime. Keeping it just fairly cov-
ered :with water during the process.
SStafl it to remove the sediment that
will all to the bottom, and add to it
a peek of salt dissolved in warm water,
) three pounds of ground rice, boiled in
water, to a thin paste, one-half pound
powdered spanish whiting, and a
pound of clear glue dissolved in warm
water. Mix the different ingredients
thoroughly and let the mixture stand
far several days. When ready to use
apply It hot. If less quantity is desired
me the same proportions.-Americanl
Prof.. H. Hire. of the West Vir-
ginia Station, has been experimenting
with various mixtures for preserving
egs. Here are some of his conclu.
ions. In moot of the methods in gener-
al use, the eggs are stored in some
liquid. and no liquid has yet been dis-
covered that. will not find its way
through the slhll, affecting the con-
tests to a greater or less extent. Re-
Sently, solutions of waterglass have
been tried in certain of the western
stations, the reports thus far being
srther favorable; but as the test only
extended over a comparatively short
period, it is hardly safe. as yet. to say
whether the method could lbe relied
on to keep eggs in good condition from
early summer to late in winter. A
nmethod which, at the present. promises
the best results, consists in simply
dipping the eggs in an alcoholic solu-
tion of salicylic acid for a few minutes,
aum then, while still moist. wrapping
them in cotton and storing them away
lb boxes. barrels or other convenient
ve eel. 'lhe object in dipping them
it the sodion is to destroy any germs
d Ipirobbes that may ie adhering to
lie sheel, and which, if they should
pain acceS to the egg would effect its
decompostlion. The object in wrap-
pitg the eggs in cotton is to prevent
the access of other germs from the air,
the cotton simply acting as a filter. In
lthi method the eggs are submerged in
jle liquid for so short a time that no
.grt of the liquid has an opportunity
to ooak throiugl the shell. After the
eggs are w-i1pped in cotton and stored
away there is every opportunity for
acess of air, which is generally so de-
sirable for preventing the formation
of musts and nmusty odors Again. eggs
that are stored in lime water and wa-
terglass solutions will almost invar-
lably crack or hurst on boiling. Thiit
Is usually attributed to the small quan-
Stity of air inclosed in the shell, and as
4 matter of fact it is the expansion of
0M small quantity of air that cracks
the dIell; hut there is also contained
$ Um quantity of air in fresh eggs,
t Iy do not crack on boiling. The
explanation is to found in the fact that
ihe solution referred to invariably
weakened the shell of the egg, so that
lacked eggs ctanl be detected by the
h:aracter of the shell. The fresh eggs
halt are treated with the alcoholic
solution of salicylic acid and wrapped
in cotton are not weakened in any
nway. and behave just like fresh eggs
when Ioiled. Tests of this method
have extended over a period of six or
eighlt moitlhs, and so far there seems
lo be every reason to hope for a very
practical metlhod.-Rural New Yorker.
(ne of tle worst of the many diseas-
es that infest farmers' flocks is group,
It seems to be almost incurable, and
r(evention is tie west remedy yet dis-
covered. Every sneeze is not the group,
nor every acihe from cold la grippe.
BRt when group does get hold of a fowl
the safest way to avert trouble is to
kill the bird and effectually burn the
carcass. First of all prevent this dis-
ease by starting with good strong
stock. clean houses, yards, drinking
vessels. pure air. fresh water, dry
houses, no drafts and no vermin. Do
not feed sc-lding hot foods to make
tli li ens sweat. or use too much stimu-
Iiting drugs. It will not hurt for the
hevns to have a little fat on them in
winter. Itemove all afflicted birds at
once. and if valuable birds place them
in tight. warm coops. Tet the bird
rest on clean straw, not on a roost. It
would be best to burn all the droppings
and the straw to avoid a spreading of
the disease. After each cleaning give
tile coop a good wash with some good
disinfectant. It would be better to
place the coop in a shed where the
winds can not strike it. If the eyes
and nostrils have had discharges wash
tlhem with some antiseptic twice a
day. A solution of hydrogen dioxide,
one part to two parts distilled (boiled
will do) water, is an excellent remedy
as it makes only a dead tissue and does
Of course, you can not afford to take
all this trouble with common birds, but
If you have a fine specimen worth sev-
eoral dollars it will possibly pay you.
Give the fowls that are exposed a mix-
tire of capricnm. ginger, sulphur and
saltpeter, equal parts, and one-half as
much linseed meal. fine ground. Feed
a tablespoonful to ten fowls. As a ton-
ic for sick birds give a one grain pill of
quinine, once or twice a day. Coal
oil has been used with marked success,
hut it seems slow in action and rough
in treatment. Put your efforts to pre-
venting this disease and you will avoid
trouble and loss.-Indiana Farmer.
Juvenile Poultry Raisers.
As time goes on it becomes more
necessary to give our boys and girls
practical education. Agricultural col-
leges are springing up in every state.
We are sending our next generation of
farmers to these schools now to fit
them for battling with close competi-
tion on all matters that pertain to suc-
These schools of training are com
mendable. but the large per cent. of the
farmers in the future will come from
the farmns without the advantage of
science as developed at these schools.
It therefore stands us in hand to make
the best use of our home schools, the
farms. Every boy and girl likes to own
something, and for the educational pur
ioses alone, they should own some
thing. Nothing fills the bill better thaw
an incubator and a flock of poultry. It
cultivates a sense of care and business
llmanagenent that would be lacking
when they are called on to do business
will a conlneting public. It is in this
time of life that impressions are ner
manent. good or bad. The writer o
this was a boy once. raised on a farm
owned every colt-or rather owned i
row colt aceh spring-owned it until I
beeanne real valuable, then he had the
privilege of trading it for the youngest
again. and was educated to think thi
young colt more valuable for a bo;
than a colt old enough to bring a gooi
) .ice. A- a result of this line of train
ing and encouragement, he landed II
business at twenty-one, a regular
pumpkinhead to do business. Th
The Practical Western Poultry Parm,
AND SIMPLE MARSHALL, MO.
BARBED WIRE 4 months on trial 10e. One yr. 25e.
FENCE BUILIR. It tells how to make poetry rvasang
PRICE 23.00. profitable. It In up to date. 2 pear.
SSCHMELZ7 d to day. We sell bet liquid lice l-
V. SCHMlLZ, er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum le
SylvanLake, Fla bands for poultry, 1 dos., I ta; I5 for n
SylvanLake, Fla ncts: No for 50 eta; 100 for L
"Oertificate Am. Inst. Fair."
Grapefruit, Tangerine, HIENS 'TEETH T SHELL
Satsuma, Tardiffand To properly digest its food the fowl'
tua ard and must have grit. What teeth are to the
Enterprise Seedless. human being grit is to the fowl. We
can now furnish ground oyster shells,
The best commercial citrus fruits. from freshly opened oysters, from
Three kinds on each stock. Well cared which all the dust and dirt has been
for past five years. Will soon fruit screened, to supply this grit which Is
if protected. 50 or more of such trees lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
for sale. At home place on South Goods very Inferior to ours and full
Boulevard. DeLand, Fla. of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
W. H. HASKELL. $1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer it at
100 lb bag, 75e. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
farm had no attractions for him, he E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville.
could see nothing in it but plow and Fla.
harrow and doing without money from Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
crop to crop. Am not blaming Dad; he tilizers and dealers in all kinds of Per-
simply did not know how to educate a tilizing Materials.
boy. Had there been an agricultural
college or other school that occurred to Orange and Kum Quat
him to be a good thing for a boy, money Nu y
would not have stood in the way. As Nursery Stock
love stated, he was not aware that he Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
ran the best school on earth, right at table. Also a general line of Fruit
home among realities. Of course, we Trees, Roses, Shrubs, etc. Prices
would rather the farmer would buy his low. Freight paid.
boy an incubator, but rather than see SUMMIT NURSERIES,
the boys grow up without ideas of bus- D. L. Person, Prop.,
iness care and management, it would Monticello, Fla.
certainly pay to really give them a
start, even if it was nothing more val- TO DU
unable than a hen and chicks. Boys and OBACCO
girls like to own something; as soon If your fowls are troubled with lice
as they are old enough to play marbles or Jiggers, send $125 and get 100
or jump the rope, they will want to own pounds of tobacco dust and sprinkle
the marbles and rope at least. it in your cooper. The tobacco is guar-
In buying an incubator for the young anteed to be unleashed. Bnd 2 cent
poultry raiser, it is just as important tamp for sample.-E. O. Painter & Co.
that he have a good one-one large Jacksonville, Fla.
enough for business and well enough
made to do the work properly-as it is
that his father has a good implement FOR SALE
for his work. Poor tools discourage
the users. Give the youngsters a fair AT A
chance.-Farm and Fireside. Sp ial
Brooder Chidks. ON EASY TERMS.
The least difficult portion of raising Several fine bearing orange and
chickens by artificial methods is the grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
hatching. When this is done the real fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
work has just begun as more chicks fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
die from want of care than fail to vestment this year.
hatch for want of care of egg. This isLy
about the way chicks should be han- Lyle & Co...B ow, Ra.
dled, though individual cases may re-
quire different treatment.
When all the eggs are hatched and
the chicks are entirely dry. which us- MSE I
nally requires about twenty-four hours i I t t
from the time eggs first pip. remove |I Your W lre Fence
them to the brooder, which has pre- oa.r au thteW t randai aTRYOU
viously been arranged and heated and L A B. SBoe.tSo, Beceer,
let them remain quietly for several PAGEWOV NWIREv FICE C *..ADuLAN.ZIc
Watch the temperature carefully, as
the natural heat of the chicks will have Tano. p c5 Cal SM.
a tendency to make the hover too ap S ,.'.
Swarm. In such cases the chicks soon JESSE MARDEIf
show it by gasping for breath, while if oo a. Canlm at.
too cold. they will at once begin to bov- -
After a few hours feed them a little
stale bread or crackers, slightly moist-
ened with milk. but do not worry them
unnecessarily. Nature has liberally pro-
vided for the first few days. and the
most important thing is to let them
After the second day ground oats or
oatmeal fed dry. scattered in litter In
the brooder, make the best food. Feed
often, hut only a little each time, and
keep them hustling always. See that
they are always anxious to see you
come with feed and they will grow fast.
Keep the brooder scrupulously clean
and do not neglect It for a single day.-
Home and Farm.
Old books bound at this office
. .- _
Aeld phoqihatead i
Ammonia, Sulphate Ooppe, Bord.ma
S Arsente hime. Part Green, Amenite
Lead. Whale Oil Soua. sroase lmull-
Seoa for prices. ERtbls ** ysU.
S W. S. POWELL .,
eetb, aKINDS Flr.
Vegetable, Garden and Flower.
Tom" .S.R. A Yt Send fo atalog. 0
& r!be.u 4 CHAS. RAYMOND, Lll
4 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
THE DOUBLE DEALING OF
When my dear husband died two
years ago, leaving me with little mon-
ey and an invalid daughter, it was as
If a warm, protecting wall between me
and the north wind had been suddenly
Fortunately, our house, with its pret-
ty garden at the hack, situated in a de-
cent neighborhood was left us; and
there was a steady demand for our
front and back parlors, and the little
room off, that answered for a library
or dressing room. Lodgers came and
went, and very cheerfully adde their
sovereigns to the fine growing sum
which I kept-where do you think?-
in an empty tea-caddy.
Well, in the very biggest rush of visi-
tors they came. The young man came
first-a good-looking boy of 24 or so-
who was willing to pay any reasonable
price for a comfortable, quiet room
all to himself, where he could sleep in
the day-he being employed on a big
morning paper during the week, and
until a late hour on Saturday upon a
The next morning he came. hag and
baggage; and I must say the little
store-room was not bad, with its clean
matting and fresh curtains at the one
window that looked down on the gar-
Mr. Ivry-that was his name-said it
was all very nice, and he drew a long
breath as if quite weary:-and I noticed
his eyes looked tired and a little sad. I
always feel sorry for young people
with sad eyes.
I told him I truly hoped he would be
suited, and showed him a cupboard at
the end of the hall where he could keep
his housekeeping supplies. There were
two divisions, with a key to each. and
I gave -him the right-hand one. Then
thinking of his sad eyes-and maybe
also of the tea-caddy-I offered to fur-
nish cream and butter very reason-
Well. Mr. Ivry had been under my
roof for two weeks, nnd giving me no
more trouble than a mouse-- and not
near so much, for I am mortally afraid
of a mouse-when slihe came. She canme
in the evening, when. luckily, I had
just finished settings Mr. Ivry's little
room in order.
She wanted a room. and the privil-
ege of preparing her own breakfasts
and suppers, and she would be away
at her work at a big milliner's during
Now every cranny of my house was
full, unless-and here the wild plan
which led to such constant watchful-
ness and frightful anxiety jumped intc
I told her I feared the only room I
had would be too small and too plair
to suit, but if she would like to loot
at it-and I led the way to Mr. Ivry'i
There was still a faint odor of cof
fee, and a pair of very manly looking
boots peeped from under the bureau
I caught them up and held them be
hind me while we talked.
"I will take the room," she said
with a little sigh of resignation over
my flinty price, "and I will come to
morrow evening about seven."
"And what time will you be goinj
away in the morning?' I asked, as cas
ually as possible.
"Oh, dreadfully early! I must break
fast at six, and be in my place at sev
en, sharp. Will you kindly let your
maid call me at half past five, for
sometimes I am so sleepy."
I assured her that I would gladly
waken her myself, being always at
early riser. And if she would liki
home-made bread and things of tha
sort, with fresh cream and butter,
thought I could make it convenient ti
supply them-at a reasonable price.
She came, and four whole day:
passed before the awful possibilities
of Sunday dawned upon me. I fel
that I had already a sufficiently har
rowing time-remodeling the room, s
to speak, in the morning for Mr. Ivry
and clearing it up in the evening to
Miss Hardy. More than once I hai
what my dear husband would have
called a close shave. Miss Hardy fel
asleep again one morning, after being
awakened, and had hardly dashed
down the front steps, without her
breakfast-except for a glass of milk,
which I almost poured down her throat
-before Mr. Ivry came up them; and
I made him wait in the lower hall
while, with some excuse, I hustled
Miss Hardy's numerous belongings in-
to my clothes press.
And one afternoon Mr. Ivry lingered
so long over his refreshments-prob-
ably reading or writing, for I heard
the rustle of paper, and the occasional
movement of his coffee cup--that I
nearly fainted with fear as I whisked
his possessions away and brought out
and arranged the Hardy properties in
their accustomed order. Then Mr.
Ivry left his side of the hall cupboard
ajar on the third evening, showing
plainly a piece of cheese and the rem-
nants of sandwiches, for she asked me
next morning of there were other lodg-
ers on our floor, and I was obliged to
vaguely prevaricate. What with a
falsehood and hard work and weary-
ing watchfulness, my nerves were al-
ready becoming shaky.
And now Sunday was coming! How
to keep Miss Hardy out of her room
from half-past six to half-past five, or
longer, was the question. I thought
of several things. I had a dear mar-
ried niece living out in the suburbs in
a pretty little house. I telephoned her,
asking her as a special favor to take
my guest Saturday night and Sunday.
She answered: "With pleasure!" But
when I proposed the delightful outing
to Miss Hardy that young lady thank-
ed me most sweetly, and declined. The
only holiday she yearned for, she said,
was to lie in bed one long, delicious
Then I set about contriving how to
keep Mr. Ivry away. It isn't pleasant
to tell a downright fib, so I couldn't
invent some dreadful happening that
would make the room uninhabitable
for a day or two. I couldn't ask him
to change rooms, for there were none
to change to. And it was already Sat-
unday morning. There was nothing to
be done, but to boldly ask him for his
room over Sunday.
A friend was coming-a:id was she
not a friend-to stay until Monday
morning, and I must give her a corner,
hoping lie would not be gnl-atly incon-
venienced. Mr. Ivry looked surprised,
but answered very kindly. Oh, yes,
lie would make some arrangement for
that little time. And I carried up for
his luncheon a nice cut of broiled crick-
THE BEST ANTISEPTIC USED,
THE GREAT FRIEND TO MAN OR BEAST,
Prenerates Quick, ltep8 Pain at Once.
lmlBEU\TI O CRBhP WILL NO SrAT.
Family Size ................. .. ... ... 25c
Horse Sizes ......................... 5oc and $i.oo
Sloan's Pinkeye Fever and Distemper Cure.
SAVES YOUR HORSES AND MULES-IS SURE CURE.
For Acclimating Green Horses and all Horse Fevers. Cures Inflam-
mation of Kidney or Bladder.
80s ard *I pr Bottle.
SURE COLIC CURE
Stops Pa! Irstartly. No Drirncrhini.
26 doses and good glass syringe in package $i.oo.
Warranted to cure if taken in time or money refunded.
Sold and guaranteed by all druggists and dealers.
Porrnerly of St. Lot ia, MIo.
MASS, V. S. A.
FOR SUMMER AND FALL
THE ORIFFING BROTHER'S CO.,
S E E D icksevlle. Fla.
en. I felt so relieved and grateful, and THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
I am sure he realized how sorry I was Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermnuda Onion Seeds
to trouble him. and sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
But there were more Sunday--per-
haps a thlee were more tund o flr- ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
low. and hardly was this first one over, Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
and Miss Hardy off to her work, before application. Address
the next one began to loom up. plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE GRIFFING BROTHER'S CO.,
I tried to send Mr. Ivry out to my and grape fruit trees a specialty... Jackseville. Fa.
niece for Sunday, telling him of the
quiet, the refreshing lake breeze, and
the benefit of even a brief respite from
the heat and uproar of the city. And,
almost in Miss Hardy's words, he re- TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW I
plied that the only respite he needed
was a few hours of solid sleep, and he IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.
could sleep at home, and he pleasant-
ly thanked me. ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
Then I resolved to cast myself on L TA
Miss Hardy's compassion. I told her FO A
that a friend of mine was coming to Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
spend Sunday with me-a person very Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
much in need of rest-and I had no Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
quiet corner-nothing, in fact. but my FRUITLAND NURSERIES. P J. BERCKMANSCO Austa. a. I
bed-room and the kitchen-and would dtEstablished 1856.t4 -
she mind giving up her room just for
the day-and as early in the morning --------
as possible-as a special favor to me? not yet lighted). and Mr. Ivry finding a suitable reduction in his rent, and
Miss Hardy promptly answered, "Yes." a thimble and a hat pin I had clumsily 1e so much obliged.
I felt myself grow red with shame, overlooked, politely handed them to I made the suggestion to him with
thinking of my deception, but I confess me, without even a thought of suspi- fear aid trembling-for there was the
I was greatly relieved, with no con- cion,. chance that he might take leave alto-
flicting Sunday to consider for twelve
days to come. The time fled swiftly. and soon an. gether--and my voice faltered, and the
However, I had a sufficiency of other unarranged Sunday confronted tears came into my eyes. in spite of
scares during that time. One morning me. It was Mr. Ivry's turn to be divert- my effort to lie calm and businesslike.
Miss Hardy, running back for a hand- ed from the room. The dear oIy! He had nothing for me
kerchief, and finding me wildly re- Now I would take a bold stand. and but instant compassion and ready com.
moving her effects as if engaged in a say to him that. owing to our cramped pliance. He said he could manage
fire drill, and only able to stammer quarters, my daughter's illness, and somehow. lie was sure; and his room,
something about "sweeping day;" and the fact that we were to have a guest which had begun to seem like home to
one evening catching me just outside for every Sunday-and weren't we?- him, would seem all the pleasanter for
her door with the last armful of Mr. he would be conferring a great favor these brief absences.
Ivry's things (fortunately the evening if lie would find some other room for The next Saturday afternoon at a
was dark and rainy and the hall lamp just that day, and I would gladly make quarter of six Mr. Ivry went away
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 4
with a handhag and umbrella and a
smiling good-bye. and I flew to my
woik of reconstruction with a light
heart. No more threatening. dreadful
Su.'idalys. :nvml only lie little minor risks
1of ee';-days to look out fo:? No won-
fil r I h1,ni'nd is I Iplced Miss Hlardy's
lanulp at"d the Iooks and work-basket
ard falls. and slilpers and dressing-
case. aud -;l aninuda l:r. in their unaili
1 was sitting in olr own little room
onle evening wivi' tlhe blow fell.
l.aihk. II.l ::.eaiy d adiiiitted the
first-floor l'iple,. and so. when I heard
the 11lil door ,oiin and: close and t1
qni:k sle tep c ome ho ending ulp stairs. 1
knew the enid ihad come.
Evidently >Mr. Ivly had hastily re-
turned for some iillmortlnit forgotten
tliung. anld, thinking :hat miy guest was
not to arrive until the next lday. had
tried to unlock the door. I heard Miss
I ardy letter an excLlination. and
oundl to the door. which she must
have ollnld iulite violently, for it
hailed against tile table and inade tihe
The hall was dimly lighted-for I
can not afford a dazzling outlay of gas.
"- hat do you mean?" cried Miss
Hardy's voice in startled intensity.
"I Ieg pardon. but I left"-began
"You are liistaken! Tills is Isy--
"Excuse me. it is ily roomll-
"If you don't go away this minute.
I'll call Mrs. Smithh"
"Will you listen a moment? I left
some pla'prs liere--"
"In the side pocket of my mackin-
"That hangs-or did hang an hour
ago-in the colmer by the--"
I got to my feet. but weakly sank in-
to my chair again. But this time they
must have taken a look at each other.
and there came a little cry from Miss
Then there was such a confusion of
exclamations that I could distinguish
nothing for a few moments. Finally
came a few sentences in Miss Hardy's
! h. of I sh b
from the fiedsi
stock. If you plant little or mucL
m s. Gleade
send for our .ew Gude ad
Floral Guide. v p of
m hat younend to w.
Pm NA14as l her. 8t
.r Box N. =L,4 lte Ir, R. Y.
lile is of especial value. It is estimated
that a single load destroys il a single
year insects which. if they had lived.
might have dnilnaged crops to the ex-
lent of $20. The agricultural depart-
Ilent recolllmends that gardeners keep
colonies of toads among growing
crops and the practice of collecting or
transferring them is a commendable
The toadl a rule feeds continually
throughout the night. consuming in
twenty-four hours as amount of food
equal in lblk to lbont four times tile
stouml:lc elapacity. A careful exanina-
tion of the stoilachls of a large n11i-
It.e of toids showed that 1)8 per cent.
of Its food was aniimal matter-worlns.
insects, etc. OIf this 80 per cent. is
composed of insects and other small
animals directly iniurious or in other
ways on)loxious to mlan. The toad's
tongue, its only organ for seizing food.
is soft. extensive, attached in front but
free IKl-ind, aid is covered with a glu-
tinous substance which adheres firmly
to the flod seized. So rapnid is the mo-
tion of this weapon that a careful
watch is neeNessary in order to see the
The crnel and senseless ipl'secution
of the toad is only of too common oc-
currence and tie department recomn-
mends that it he stopped by legislation.
as the good. aclomlplished by the toad
is of eumal if not greater value to tlhe
farmer than tir insectivorous birds.
vwhlich are fully protected by law.--Ex-
iar, Iu II x y rem illllng vo tce. 4
"I am here because I am at work. The Moving Americans.
Papa died a year ago. He lost all his
money and lie couldn't get over it. I rle people of the United States are
am as poor as you are now." the greatest travelers on earth; so
"Thank Heaven!" said Ivry very fer- great that it is almost impossible to
ently. Believe the story of their movement
"At the last papa was very sorry for told by the official statistics. Accord.
-for everything. He told me to see ing to the latest report of the interstate
you. But you had gone-I did not commission the aggregate passenger
know where, and I-- traffic of this country in 1Mn9 was 14.-
"Oh. this is splendid! I"-began Mr. l.91 million miles and the freight trans-
Iv ry. portation was 123.667 ton miles. equlv-
"Don't you mind now, mamma." lent to 191 passenger miles and 1621
whiperd my daughter. "They're so ton miles for each person in the coum
h happy they'll forgive you everything. try. In other words the average trav-
happy they'll forgive you everything." el by rail of all the men. women andl
And sothey did.--Wverly aga children was 191 miles and the aver-
age movement of merchandise wa.1
1oads are 21 tons a mile during the year for
Moads are Ugly 3ls.Ings.
The toad which has from the earli-each inhabitane. In Germany. wlichi
which has from the earli- stands at the head of the list in Eu.
est times been associated in the popu- n t the he o ist
lar mind with a host of vague and lud- rope the freight movement is 38 tolm
icrous fancies as to its venomous qual- Iwr inhabitant and the passenger traf
Cities. its medicinal virtues, or most fli is as small comparatively. In other
commonly the production of warts on countries it is much less.
the hands of small boys, has recently This wonderful disparity is account.
been proven by science to be the friend, ed for by several facts. Our country
instead of the enemy. of mankind. is of great extent and its products are
That the ugly and despised reptile is transported long distances for manin-
a faithful and efficient servant of the facture and distribution. Comparative-
farmer is now no longer to be dis- ly small portions of them are consunm-
puted. Recent experiments made by the ed near where'they are produced. On-
department of agriculture and inves- people have more lmonev to spend in
tigations of the habits, food and econ- journeying and they are educated to
omic value of the American "bufo vul- travel. Families are widely scattered.
gares" dispel these fallacious ideas Markets are often far from the homes
and at the same time establish the of buyers and sellers. Long distance
claim of the toad fo appreciation and excursions are in favor. Our facilities
consideratoan. for comfortable travel are immet.oslv
Some of the supposed functions of superior to those in the old world and
the toad are ridiculous in the extreme; rates are much less. It is the Doinuln
for example, that killing toads will notion that railroad fares in England
produce bloody milk in cows: that the and continental Europe are much low.
breath of the toad will produce con- er than here. The contrary is the fact.
vulsions in children or that a toad in For all but suburban travel near the
a newly dug well will insure a good
a newly dg well will insupply ofsu a good great cities a first-class ticket costs
These are only a few of the wierd and ablut four cents a mile, a second-class
fantastic superstitions which have fol- three cents and a third-class two cents.
lowed the humble and harmless toad The third-class coaches are not as good
from time immemorial. as our emigrant cars, except in Eng-
To all agriculturists the toad renders land, where they are comfortable.
conspicious service, but to gardeners For these reasons tl* foreign peas-
and greenhouse owners this little rep- ant and artisan seldom journey far
$4.00 for $2.00??
Seed you must have to make a garden, and the AGRICULTUlIST you should have to be a
successful gardner. You can get them both at the.price o one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 and we willsend you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of
Beans, Extra Early Red Valen- Egg Plant, Griffng's Improved
tine.. ................ 10 Thornless ...... .. .. ..10
New Stringless Green Lettuce, Big Boston.......... .5
Pod..... ....... .10 Onions, Red Bermuda.. ........ .10
Dwarf German Black Griffing's White Wax.....10
Wax................ .10 Peas, Alaska.. .......... .... .10
Burpees Large Bush Li- Champion of England.... .10
ma.. .................10 Peppers, Long Cayenne.......... .5
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5 Ruby King.. ........ .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur- Radishes, Wonderful ........ ..
nip...... ...... ...... .5 Grifng's Early Scar-
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey let.. .......... .... .. .5
Wakefield .... .. ...... .5 Earley Scarlet Erfurt.. .5
Early Summer............5 Tomatoes, Beauty.. .......... .5
Griffing's Succession .... .5 Money Maker.. ...... .. .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10 Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.. .. 5
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.. .10 Pomeranian White Globe
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5 .. .............. ... ...
Long Green Turkish.. .. .5 Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede.... .5
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.
6 XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Given as a Premium"for One New Subscriber.
Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate. Address,
_ _ -
from home ald the common laborer
never leaves the neighborhood in
which lie was born.-Mirror and Far-
Maxton, N. C., Dec. 6, 1900.
IDr. Earl S. Sloan. Boston, Mass.
l)e:r Sir:-Referring to yours of De-
ceinler :lrd, will say, that it gives me
pleasure to recommend your Horse
remlledies to the public. I have uses
your Liniment, Quick Cure, with great
success, and also your Colic Cure, and
to dealers and shippers of stock, the
use of your Pinkeye Fever and Dis-
temiper Cure is an absolute necessity.
I use this Medicine freely as soon as
the stock arrives and in several years
expier:cece in shipping in a right large
way I Ihalv. never used anything else,
Iand ne-ver had but one fatal case
of Ilng fever, and this was brought
laboit from over exposure before the
case hlad developed, but while the fe-
ver was on.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) A. J. McKinnon.
Medicinal Uses of Pineapple.
Senor V. Marcano, one of the leading
nediical authorities of Cuba, has dias
covered that the juice of the pineapple
materially aids in the digesting of the
proteids of both animal and vegetable
foodstuffs, while R. H. Chittenden, of
the Connecticut Academy of Sciences,
asserts that the fresh pineapple juiee
is a constant and powerful digestant
of allhuniious matters, acting in both
alkaline and acid media, but more en-
ergetically in neutral than in either
of the others. In fact, chemists have
separated the active digestant Drintcl
ple and put it in the material medical.
This substance, closely analogous to
pepsin. is known as bromelin. Pineap.
pie juice has been found to be most ef-
tieacious in throat troubles and diph-
theria, as the juice dissolves the fleshy
tissue, such as is found in these ail-
In bronchitis, pineapple juice has
been found to be excellent medicine by
a Dr. Flascher in softening the mi cua.
His formula is as follows: "Slice the
fruit, sprinkle with sugar, heat to boil-
iug and strain. The dose of syrup so
obtained is about two tablespoonfuls."
In Cuba the pineapple is highly es-
teemed from the fact that it is in gen-
eral use as a mild laxative. From the
pineapple itself pharmaceutical chem.
ists have separated a crystalline sub-
stance which they call mannitol, which
is in active use in compounding pre-
scribed medicines for throat and lung
troulles.--Sugar Planter's Journal.
(CANCER AND PILES.
There is a Sanitarium in Belleview,
Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mall. Ad-
J. W. Thompson, M. D., Supt.
I'EIUNA CURES COLDS.
Mr..lanmes Morrison, 68 E. 16th street,
Paterson, N. J., says: "I have given
Peruna a fair trial, and I find it to be
just what yau claim it to be. I cannot
praise it too much. I have used two
bottles in my family for colds, and
everything imaginable. I could nbt be
without it. I recommended it to a mar-
ried sister of mine who was always
troubled with colds. She says it has
done more for her than any doctor
would I can safely say that your med-
icine is the best I have ever used."-
A cold is the beginning of catarrh..
To prevent colds, to cure colds, is to
cheat catarrh out of its victims. Peruna
not only cures catarrh, but prevents it.
A book of testimonials of the cures
Peruna has made in the many different
phases and stages of chronic catarrh
sent free by The Peruna Medicine Co.,
of Columbus, Ohio.
Mr. Sly-I love you more than words can tell.
Miss Sharp-Then let the preacher do the
talking.-Detroit Free Press.
Sharple's Cream Separators-Profit,
48 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITH e ToE"OE8ALUZER' Farmers' Attention.
"Here's an account of a dispute between two II WILL MAKE YU At no
Ncw Yorkers as to which is the most corrupt 0 I S b r
city in the union." This Is adrlngstatement, mL l.
Well, they ought to know."-Life. so it 'se ose I SPECIAL SPRING GOODS.
Ugly Husband (snarling)-You married me oresrstsen rn growing.
tor better or worse, don't you? Uiion 1 I A vre a
Wife (hesitatingly)-Yes, but I supposed I O R,. atAvery ade Plows, Acme narrow
would have some variety.-Detroit Free Press. istonsofbayperacre. F
crpIsix wees arer m. IEORGIA STOCKS.
"Great Scott," bitterly commented the kan- GEORGIA STOCKS.
garoo, as the fashionably attired dames strolled
past his age, "I wonder if I walk anything like SPRA Y IN G O U FII S,
that."-Chicago Tribune. CatlogntettlA IN U 1s.l
MO Ise. STAMPS
De Tanque-I hear you are being treated by asd hi.nrOTicE w-e .
Dr. Neverspend. big Zsed calog, M G.rai And everything in grove and farm implements and supplies.
O'Soaque-Huh. I've been going to him s mpt.itdy .1..
now for three weeks and he hasn't set 'em up Pult t Shipped to any station in Florida t low- Columbia Bic
once.-Philadelphia Record.Su.(t .pA)P., s..W t .apL eat prices... C.........
"Cook. do we need any necessities for the lelm A.n rlan rSe8 ll'.1l a, W CHARTER OAK STOVES,
kitchen CARRARA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PU PS
"Yes'm. I'd like a Roman chair, one of them
Ven'shun lanterns, an' some more pillers for An inhabitant whose heels were striking Write for Prices.
th' cozy corner."-Indianapolis Journal. sparks from the pavement as he walked, enter-
ed the water-works office the other day, al- GEORGE H. FERNALD, .Sanford, a
Cheguely-Money, young man, money can do ected his clerk, and fiercely announced,- GEOR H. RNALD afford
anything. Freakik-Excuse me, sir; it can't "Sir, you can send up and take your old gas
eta fellow into our college eleven.-Brooklyn meter out of my house."
fe.. "This is not the gas office."
"I made an awful bad break last night while "No Sir, this is the water-works office." r .
I was calling on Miss Sigher." "Oh, is it. Well then, send a man up to my
"Your fiancee, too-how?" hotise at once and turn the water off. I'm not
"Cracked a joke about ur engagement that going to walk a mile and a half for nothing."
broke it.'--Denver News.
ommy-Pa whaistac Reporter-"What should 1 do with this long
Tommy-Paw, what is tact? article about the milk trust?"
Mr. Figg--Tact, my son, is what a man has Editor- 'Condense it."
not, if he talks about his mother's fine cooking d-or-"Con
just after his wife has picked up the stove "I'd be willing," said the chronic dyspeptic, M All Fdrs
lifter by the hot end.-Indianapolis Press. "to give my month's salary to any man who
Mr. Constance Reeder-There is a New would invent a piano with common sense keys ff
England man who is trying to get a corner "What do you mean by common sense keys?"
on shoes. "Why the kind that could only be used to
Mr. Reeder-Next thing some fool will get a lock the blamed thing up."--Philadelphia
corner on clothes: then you can I.ok for an Press.
exodus to the tropics.-Ohio State Tournal.
"Where," asked the female suffrage orator,
Eustacia-Edmund, what shall we give our "would man be today were it not for woman?"
n ive our ce n? She paused a moment and looked around P m
E dund-Give our clergyman? Why, Eusta- the hall. F
ia, he gets five times the salary 1 do. The I repeat," she said "where would man be
delicate thing to do is to hang ack and see today re it not for woman?"
what he gives us.-Puck. "He'd be in the garden of Eden eating
Hoorhan-The n t a t b strawberries," answered a voice from the gal-
Hoorfisan-The night after the battle me lery.--Boston Traveler.
and me company marched forty-three miles.n
Kerrigan-Goan wid ye. Ye couldn't travel Their Caller-I don't see why Count Par- p L A N T Y S T
that far in wan night. chesi and his American wife should quarrel.
".That's what ye don't know, Kerrigan. We Miss Davis--Their interests clash, do they P LN A I A l l
wint cross lots."--Hlarvard Lampoon. not?
"iWhat c is bread chiy used for Tom Their caller-Not to a marked degree. She
What is bread chiefly used for Tommy?" wanted a foreign alliance and he a foreign Car Lie From Flrid
asked the teacher of a small pupil in the ju- allowance, that's all.-Harlem Life. The at Throug Car Line From F
venile class- .ila.
"To spread butter on," was the logical but Jeweler-This ring is $1 more than the plain
unexpected reply.-Ex. ,,ne on account of the chasing.
Farmer-See here, mister, yew don't have to
Mother (to small boy just beginningschool) chase me. I'm going ter pay for what I git. CONNECTIONS.
-Well. what work have you enjoyed best this lChicago News.
Small Boy-O(h, I liked looking out of the
window best.-Ex.I liked king ut f the Mrs. Nexdore-I notice you've got new pa-
_indo bestM.E Dper in your hall.
Miss Flip-Mr. Munn's auto is worth a mil- pMrs. 'eery-- ow do you like the design? THE ATLANTIC COAST LILE,:, via Charles o'
lion dollars Mrs. Nexdore-It seems to me its rather
Miss Wunder-What? An automobile worth loud. RThe ichmond.ald.-Washinglon.
that much? Mrs. Peppery-Yes, that's why we selected To The
Miss Flip-Who said anything about an your daughter's piano playing."-Philadelphia THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah,
automobile? I mean his autograph.-Baltimore Press.
American. lumbia and Washington.
--- 'You remember that during the American
Husband-Didn't you tell that cook I want- war with Spain Wintergreen sternly refused to via All mall
ed my breakfastt right on the minute? eat Spanish mackerel, said Twynn to Trip-
dife-I did. Left.
"And what did she say?" "I remember," replied Triplett. "What of TT 1The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'g
"She said that we all have our disappoint- it?";
ments."-Life. 'Well, now he won't eat off China plates."- W E S The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
Detroit Free Press. To Th
Youth-I don't want to take that character. ree press To The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevlil
I'll make a fool of myself, sure. At the lIattle of the Modder River an officer T ile hi via M mr
Maiden-Well. you said you wanted an easy observed an Irishman taking shelter from the The Mobile &Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.
part.-Detroit Free Press. enemy's fire after the engagement. The officer
thinking to take Pat down a peg, said,-
"Cheer up," said the consoler. "One girl is "Well. 1'at, how did you feel during the en-
as good as another." gagement?" Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for Nev
"Better," said the unhappy young man. "I'eel." said Pat. "T felt as if every hair E
"But there is not another girl as good as the on my head was a band of music, and they York, Philadelphia and Boston.
one."-Indianapolis Press. were all playing 'Home Sweet Home.' To The
"So Jones married a clever woman and leads Tess-"I never saw anyone so slow as Mr. Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta
a real Bohemian life?" Timrus."
"Yes, her sole idea of entertaining is to pri- Jess-"He is slow. isn't he?" lion Company for Baltimore.
vide guests with large warm bottles and small Tess-"Awfully. We were sitting in the parlor vwi 8tea mhip
cold birds." last night when he suddenly said,-'lf you
She-"I hope your heart is in the right could only see how much I love you I am sure T WE
place." you would let me kiss you.' I told him I To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
He-"I hope so. Where did you put it?"- couldn't see it in that light.' and he iust sat i
Town Topics. there like a stick." -Philadelphia Press. AND
S* Aan STEAFISHIP CO.
She (as her sweetheart is about to start ona HAVANAS
journey around the world)-"My dear Adolf. TIHE I)EAIRNESS OF BUTTER.
will you be true to me when you are far away? One of the most eminent authorities NOVA SCOTIA;
Promise me that you will write to me consumption D. Hughes Bennett or Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLAN'
every town you visit?" Ot consumption, D. Hughes Bennett o1'
He-"Oh, Ada, is it love that prompts you London, made the remark that "The CAPE BRETON& STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkeebur
to say that? Ada, swear to me, do you really main causes of consumption are the PRINCE EDWARDS a arlott
love me or are you only collecting foreign post- and Chbrlottestown.
age stamps?" dearness of butter and the abundance ISAND...
of pastry cooks." It is evident from I ...
Patrick was a clerk in a suburban grocery this that the doctor believed that the
store. It was a busy season and the grocer W inter Tourist Tikets
was waiting upon two or three customers at poor alid underfed art unable to ob-
the same time. He was in a hurry, and every- tain sulicient fat, while the digestion W ini er To u rist aicI e
thing had to be where he could get it without of tll wealthy class is upset by their
much trouble or he would be delayed and prob-
ably lose money so when he found that the rilch pastries so that they do not assim- Will be on sale throughout the NORTHERN, EASTERN, WESTERN AND
pound weight was gone he was bothered. late the proper amount of fat. In SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
Patrick," he called out "here's the poun either se it is a question of fat. We during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal atop.
"The pound weight, is it?" said Patrick con- must have fat in some form cheap en- over privileges in Florida.
placently. "Sure, an' its Misther Jones has the oulgh for the poor, and easy enough ADDRESSS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
"Mr. Jones has it? What do you mean by for tie enfeebled digestion of the rich. be liberally supplied with ALL INFO RMATION AND HANDSOME AD.
saying that Mr. Jones has the pound weight? Cod liver oil in its crude condition is VERTISING MATTER.
I thought the pound weight stayed in the store. both too difcult, and too unpleasant
How did Mr. Jones get it?" both too difficult, and too unpleasant
"An' sure. didn't yez tell me to be perlite for any one, but in the form of Scott's
to the rigular customers?" Emulsion, as manufactured by Scott For Information as to rates, sleeplng-c ar services, reservations, etc, write tU
"Well, thin, Misther Jones comes into the & Bowne, it is not only easy to digest, F. M. JOLLY, Division Passenger Agent.
store for a pound of tay. An', says he, whin I and pleasantt to take, but acts as a 138 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
asked him what quality of tay he would haveB
'Whativer yez give me.' says he, 'gve me the medicine in purifying the blood, as well W. B. DENHAM, B. W. W ENN.
weight' So I put the found weight in the as the very best kind of fat forming Gen. SupL Pass. TraM Mag'r.
Switch the t, te like, a' it's him- too. SVANNAH. GMOBGIA.
tNO tWs Son* with r." 1.. ....
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
FLORIDIl) A. us, but at a future time we expect ^* - - -
to dlo tells fully. This plant is large -A T
Tis has been i narkable winter tsubstatial and complete in every C H E
i iL hao' Ia. Tdaen, themrell ha ino te parlic-ular a.rt d is provided with the ra wtTi
in Florida. To dale. there has not been very best of machinery to be had. Two 4
,;ou;gi frost to injure the tenderest ohe as will be erected by the t EAT'IIV OIAD U A ITlNI
pi; nt,. ;nd those tru.:kers who pllanted sai(e tmilnly we ae infornd. one 4 LOA SHOTU
tlil.c.ne vegia.l'les for market have at Yalaha and one at Fox's Scrub, o
::eru sfu'l:.dly relluerated WIth at- three miles south of Yalaha even larger 4 NOL6J.-rTA "Mdi **F --- P*Iw-I-mn
1:.,)I expend. Id.- Lceurg Commercial. visi: d. The deposits of kaolin are prac- 4 Iniht upon havingthetake no other and you will getthe best hell that moneycan by.
E.glty tons of fertilizer were un- tically inexhaustible, it is of the very
loaded on the Itraidentown wharf Mon- finest grade and there is no limit to 4 ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
dl:iy l'illl tile st.ealll( s of the lldepent the ildeinmnd for this particular class - - - -- t
il 11l 1,Id lallt i i.es'. Most of this i of clay.--leesburg Commercial.
orla1lt.' tree fertilizer alnd indicates that A Calp:;in Richards', New Year's
M;ai:ltee growers have at last awaken- ,awairkedl y a fanlmly ear',st
.- ltidtwIIP Journal. IInber of tty-x was entt Florida Pnn t Coast Ry.
Otwing ;o the holidays the orange At one o'clock dinner was served, and
shilpments for the past week were for tile information of northern friends 8OUT BOUND (Bed Dan.) ImbMe 190a (Uri h p) I 1 O m a .
l:ght. amtouulting to 1.4115 boxes by wo will turn green with envy, we will
freight and 44>0 by express, total for sav. that in addition to chicken and Ns i BT. IOalM a..L
week. 1. !3.T5.. This added to the 45,- turkey and "fixings" there were new 45 ex a TATIO D
(414) Ipr'v:ously reported, brings the ag- trisil and sweet pot:itoes, celery, beets, .....M 't0ITW1 t V ........ Jaevole ........Ar iR ......
retalle shipllelnts for the season up radishes. cauliflow-er, beaus, turnips. ...5 ISlp"A....... .a ...... ......
to 411.!Ir4 boxes. Tiwenty-moe boxes of water cresses and carrots, all raised ...... .. ..... i: "
IwanIis and a number of crates of pine- on Inian river, and as fine as ever was ...... 2 A.r........L ........ r 8 ......
apples were aniong the shipments.-Ft. seen anywhere. The afternoon was Ar...........P .......... .v p Ti a......
Myers I'ress. was spwut in games, bicycle riding and ...... .......... l L ........ ..Ar ......
Editor E. V. Blackman. of the Home- eating the Captain's fine grapefruit g ***** =0.A *AI e *r
seeker, has within the last few days and oranges-than which there are no V --. .....t"" ," -g' L .
purchased two ten-acre orange tracts better in the world. After supper the ...... A ..... r p a..
for New York gntlemnen who will young people indulged in dancing, :: ...... It 4 .......... ; ........... I ...... .
have same cleared and set out in blind man's buff. and as the moonlight a ~ : .. l
groves as early as practicable. Mr. was tempting wound up with a game sa... 2 ....Osla .".
Il-lkmiln illmade the selections in the of hide and seek on the lawn and in the M80s ...... 8 p ..........tleo :'.......... p...... a
...... ...... 8 40p ......... 0 ..Po .......... I ..... .......
)-ra:ng.e (lntde sretion about three miles slrulilwry. So emled one New Year' t .. Sp .. .M i ....... 1 ...........
southwest from Miani.--Miami Me- d.y in thle SunnMy South.-Titusville at s .. p ........... kA ........ 14 .
Stro'olis. Advocate. :::::::::P4 0 4 *0.::::::::: p. .
4a kgf ..... ..... 4 20p ........... Melbourne. ......... I ......
Tihe orange amill citrus growing in- ............ P ...........Belo M ........... 12 ......"......
dustry is advancing rapidly in this end TO THE DEAF. .......... I.. ...... ......
of the county and the people who are A rich lady, cured of her deafness and g ......::: ...... t r : ......... 112i ............
!igaging in this business are all tholr noises in the head by Dr. Nicholson's gE 4Ei.. 11.....
ov.g~aging. in this business are all tho ....... ...... G ........... TlbtU ........... 11 0s. ............
none n h b a b r. N E4 ...... ...... :31 .............. 11d12 ............ 11011 ...........
roughly pleased with their prospects. It Artiicial Ear Drums, gave 10,000 to his ...... .......... Jasia .........." 10 ............
is said that more than a hundred thou- Institute. so that deaf people unable to *-**** i**40***g" 10*..........
sand trees-meaning a thousand acres procure the Ear Drums may have them : ..... .. ....
or more--- have Iben set in citrus fruit Q ,. ........ Wes Jupiter ........ 10 .........
or more- have en set in citrus fruit ree. Address 11c1. The Nicholson In- ........... P..tPallBeah......- 928............
this last year in lade county south of t tute. 80 EIghth Avenue. New York ............
New river. Let the good work continue. ............ Ehp u N.e S ............
--Mlia*mi Metropolis. W W ...... 9 22p .... E S.*. g
-Miami Metropolis The class was having lessons in natural his- ..... ....... 10 .am. .... .... .
Among others who are determined tory, and the teacher asked.-- 0p ................ ......... ...L 7 ..........
to live in Florida and grow oranges, "Now. it is there any boy here who can Buffet Parlor Ore O. Tratis 35 and 78.
tl me what a zebra is?"
Dr. PI. W. Butler, our next State sen- Tommy--Yes. sir, I can." B*twee Jackstenvill, Pable Beso and MayIwor
ator imnly he mentioned as a shining Teacher-"Well. Tommy, what is a zebra?" No.2 No.5 No.17 Nol i ll m
example. He has purchased a number Tomm y-"Pleae. sir. az.ebra is a donkey S 8u nl yll Dily STATIONS. y Su
of M ac Farland tents and w ith them with a football suit on."-- Tit-ni ts. a z Ionly iS i de-
-ft-dh w s ............... .... loinvlle ................ A :T4..:
will protect his trees in the event of ---- 28l* 8 L' Jaconi ............
'' severe freeze. The doctor has buried 8 ..............Pablo Beach. .......... 71 4 .....
his guava bushes ouI t of sight as he 8p 91 ............. port......... .." ......
did last winter, and in any event will Betweem New Smyras amn Orange Between Tituaslle ml SEateni
have an abundance of this fine fruit City Juotiun. No.11 STATIONS. o3
later on.-Leesburg Chronicle. No.1. STATION. o. ......... itusville........
When the time for sowing comes. ......... ew mr ....... ............ m...........
when the south wind blows back to its Farmer -"........ L. H ele.... p ......... ..... .... [i.-
F .armS oer 8 4.
source the cold of winter plantvelvet ........ ne City...... 5p ...lterprise........ "
Ieans, plant cassava, plant sugar cane U oure. beomn Al trans between Nw Smyrna and Orange All trains between Tituavillle al aid t
and corn and potatoes and peas and a osettn exsetl what there Cty Junction daily except Sday. daily except Sunday.
peanuts and pumpkins. Plant plenty ft a snteeake These Time Tables show the times at whih trains may be expected to arrive d
aln reap a rich harvest in the end. *.t frm the several stations, but their arrival or departure at the times stated is act
teed. nor does the Company hold itself responsible fr my delay or any eaonmunasads
Straight fearing ays; in Florida as "tag therefrom.y
it Ipys in other states where judgment
and thrift and energy are used. There Peninsular and Occidental S. Co.
are other crops that may be profitably J. H. GW-GOKY & CanN ,
planted by our Iake county farmers. I arblehe, Mass. CONNECTIOS ALT MIAMI.
The soil and the seasons are not lack- HAVANA LINE. *
ing.-Leesbirg Commercial. Leave Mii ..........110 p.m. Arrve Ke Wt Wedda..... a
IGeorge E. Macy is running off the THIE SUPERIOR FENCE MACIINE LaveKeyWest Wedmasdays....... .8p... ArriveHavanaThursmd ...:.. Iam.
last of the cane crop at his mill on is made of steel Leave Hava Thurd .......... ma rrv. Aive Key West Thrd ys........ I
South street. The methods employed S A and nickle-plated. Leave Key West 'T ye.... p. m. Arrive Miam Frid............... ,
by Mr. Macy in grinding cane and It's strong and KEY WEST LINE. -
nmanufacturing syrup are largely of his durable. You can LeaveMiami Friday.................. 0p.m. Arrive Key Wet Saturday .........L a ..
own invention, and the results have build any kind of farm fence with it I eKeyWeet nday.......... .0p m. Arrive Miami Mondays.............. Ma.
proven so satisfactory that Mr. Macy P ft an buldr for Haa e an leare TMimi Fridays l. p. m., arriving Key West StBmd
contemplates putting in for next sea- t e ground. cao a. m., and remain in Key West until P. m. BaSunday following, and at that time leae
son's business a greatly enlarged and 60 rods a day, at less than half the a the Steassp "Oivette,- arriving Havat monday morning.
improved plant. Furthermore, it is not cost of any ready-made fence. Cata- ar s"y of loeal time r addressay Aget.
improbable that lie will in time have logue free. Price $4.75, charges pre-
in operation a full sugar manufactory, paid. Superior Fence Machine Co., ST
refinery and all. The production of 184 Grand River Ave., Detroit, Mich. M A LLO RY STEA M SH IP LIN E.
cane in this locality has increased Good agents wanted. Pa-e er seriee.
enormously since Mr. Macy began his To make close 'mnee-
operations. Last year the amount of T FOR 1 I will send you a FlOrida tionswith steamed eav
syrdp manufactured was small; this rescription or formula. NGw York Jacksonville (Untl de-
year it will be about 3,000 gallons, prescription or formula. pot) Thursdays 10.0. m.
and Mr. Macy estimates next year's Your druggist can compound it. The Phila- (8. A. L. By.) or Fer..n-
output at 25,000 gallons. The land medicine will cure epileptic fits and din 1:30p m., via Oam-
hereabouts is admirably adapted to the nervous diseases. I will also send diet delphia & berland steamer; ami ls
growth of cane and there is no good list D. KNAPP, Avon Park, Fla. B* Plant System at :0 p.m.,
reason why this should not become an s A k OStO i ar. Brunswick 6: p. m.
me l r t e tngers on arrival go-
important sugar producing region.- From Brunswick direct to ingdirectly aboard steam
Orlando Sentinel-Reporter. ANENTS W ANT DF New York. oer4-- .
A Commercial representative had the A ENTS WANTED fo n.. 1901.
pPhOIOIeitED 9JULIJ'NGS for Jan.. 1901.
pleasure the rt kaolinf theaneekstof ec- We would like to secure an NORTH BOUNDI-BRUNSWICw GADEC TO NEW YOL. LEAVING EVERM
itng the great kaolin plant just erct NORTW IDAY &S FOLLOWS:
ed a few miles south of Leesburg by agent in every town and ham- s. s. COLORADO............... .............. ...January 4
the American Kaolin Company and S. S. RIO GRANDE ........January 11
which win begin to operate at an early let in Florida. Writeat once. s COLORADO ............................ ......January 18
day. Lack of time prevented our com-
pletelday. Lack of timeng and noting all that E. PAINTER & CO S. RIO GRANDE... ...... ........... .... .......January 25
pletely inspecting and noting all that For lowest rate., reservations mad ull information apply to
was shown us by the gentlemanly rep- Pubs. Florida Agriculturist, BASIL GILL, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
resentative of the company whol Jackonvlle Fla S. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
kindly went through the works with Ja s ville, a. C. H. MALLORY & CO. General Agen ts, Pier 21, BR, New Yort.
48 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
4 Time-Tried and Crop-Tested! .
Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the
GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.
If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
umide especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. I has the best fruit producing record of
kny fthlizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer
Ammoniates: Potashes: Miscellaneous: OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
'DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen
CUT TOBACCO STBMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleached and to eon
tain all their fertilizing and Insecticide
WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO
E. 0. PAINTER & CO., = = = Jacksonville, Fla.
Grew So Heavy.
B. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertili-
ser bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy It was almost Impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some
others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.
Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee, Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.
Beyond My Expectation.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. S. Pinery, the
result was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
A. M. Sponger.
Osteen, Fla.. Sept. 27, 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-
Ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford, Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
F. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-Please inclose me an-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that lias been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Speed.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"T''L IDT AT," BR A NDS- -
St HAVE THESE. "W,3
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................ $30.00 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops).........$27.oo per ton
STA MANURE ..o pr ton IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE.................$30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............ $30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER ...................... $20oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask-for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .IZ7R COMPANY,
I W t 9 d se ad Bses, $1&00 per tnoo Damavalsad Gema Tbe Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, 44.00 per toa.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.