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The Florida agriculturist
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 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: January 9, 1901
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00054
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text


































Vol. XXVIII, No. 2.


Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Jan. 9, 1901.


Whole No. 1406


Velvet Bean Culture.
Interest in the velvet bean crop con-
tinues to be so great that a few points
concerning the adaptation of the crop
and its value as compared with other
forage and renovating crops may be of
value to your readers. The velvet bean
being more like the cowpea than any
other crop grown in Florida the first
query with almost every person at-
tempting the planting of the bean is
as to its relative value and adapta-
tions as compared with the cowpea,
with which he is already familiar. On
this point there is considerable miscon-
ception as to the true place and value
of the bean. Its great importance to
Florida farmers is not because it fur-
nishes more feed or is a better soil-
renovator than the pea, where the two
crops thrive equally well, but rests on
the fact that cowpeas are not only
not adapted to a large part of Florida
farms, but will not at present thrive
on many of our lands. The cowpea,
although a soil improver, is at the same
time a comparatively fastidious crop,
thriving and producing its best results
only under advantageous circumstan-
Sces. It requires a very good soil for a
normal crop. The velvet bean, on the
other hand, thrives and produces heavy
crops on lands so poor that plantingg
them to cowpeas would be useless. The
velvet bean, therefore, is perfectly
adapted to thousands of acres of land,
producing its maximum yield and
greatest soil-restoring results on lands
so poor and under conditions so bad
that attempts at growing the cowpea
would be useless. This is the great
advantage and chief value of the vel-
vet bean. It is doubtful if either in
feed value or in soil restoring power
the velvet bean exceeds the cowpea.
.Moreover the bean requires an entire
season .for Its normal development,
while the pea, on the other hand, can
be planted as a second crop, or two
crops of peas can be easily produced
on the same soil in a single season.
In feeding value the bean corres-
ponds most closely to the pea. The
actual amount of forage produced on
inferior Florida lands by a single crop
of velvet beans is astonishing. Last
year, on the station farm, two acres
of velvet beans produced an average of
179 pounds over nine tons of cured
velvet bean hay per acre; hay which in
feeding value was equal to the best
red clover. The renovating effect of
the bean is well illustrated by the fact
that on the station farm on lands
many years in cultivation and which
were so poor as to be almost valueless
and which without fertilizers, would
not have produced to exceed six bush-
els of corn per acre, by turning under
a single crop of velvet beans an aver-
age of 180 bushels of sweet potatoes
per acre was produced. This renovat-
ing effect of the crop is, perhaps best
illustrated by the following compari-
son: The amount of nitrogen actually
returned to the soil by the average
acre of velvet beans is almost identical
with the nitrogen in content of 500
pounds of nitrate of soda, or 1,000


pounds of cotton seed meal, having at
present market prices an actual value
of over $12. Harvesting hnd curing
the velvet bean crop for hay Dresents
no serious difficulties. The Eureka di-
rect-draft mowing machine cuts the
crop without difficulty; two days of
sunshine are sufficient for curing the
crop if harvested while the beans are
still soft. One or two days of furth-
er curing in windows, however, is an
advantage. The hay so cured does not
lose its foliage, but retains its full
feeding value. For fair feeding pastur-
ing is the best means for utilizing the
crop. Where the renovating effect of
the crop is desired stock may be turn-
ed into the field after the vines have
died down, and will then feed upon
the ripe beans in the pod, thriving ad-
mirably upon the feed without detract-
ing from the renovating effects of the
crop.
As Dry Feed.-The beans, if harvest-
ed, are best fed by being ground in the
pod, in which condition the resulting
meal somewhat resembles cob meal,
and can he made by any mill grinding
corn in the cob. As a rule, all class-
es of live stock feed upon the crop in
all its different forms without difficul-
ty, and will thrive when so fed. There
is, however, some difference with dif-
ferent animals, and occasionally obsti-
nate individuals are brought to the
feed with difficulty. Horses prob-
ably take to the bean least readily,
and cows most easily. Hogs, as a rule,
take the crop greedily during all stages
of growth, and under all conditions.
The shelled beans are the least profit-
able form in which to feed the crown
because of the difficulty in shelling
same, owing to the toughness of the
pod. An effective hulling machine re-
quires several horsepower for working.
The bean, however, when hulled, is
greedily eaten by all animals; prob-
ably the simplest and best means for
using in this condition being the soak-
ing in water for about twelve hours
previous to feeding. Velvet bean hay
comes very near being a perfect ra-
tion. Where the beans in any form
are fed it must be remembered that
they are distinctly a protein or flesh
feed, and, therefore, for greatest econ-
onmy and best results should be com-
bined with a carbonaceous fat-forming
feed, like potatoes, cassava and hay
or other roughage.
Not Poisonous.-In connection with
the feeding of velvet beans, attention
should perhaps be called to an ill-
founded rumor apparently at pres-
ent being industriously spread by the
press of an adjoining state, to the ef-
fect that velvet beans are unsafe, even
a dangerous article for all classes of
live stock, inasmuch as they contain
a poisonous ingredient rendering their
use extremely hazardous. I can not
too emphatically contradict such asser-
tions or suppositions. They are utter-
ly, absolutely, unqualifiedly and posi-
tively without foundation in fact, and
are disseminated either through la-
mentable ignorance or knavery. Dur-
ing the past year I have grown seven-


ty-five acres of velvet beans. For sev-
eral years past I have fed the crop to
every known class of farm live stock,
not only without the slightest injurious
effect, but with invariable advantage.
Today there are many thousands of
acres of the crop being utilized as stock
feed by the farmers of Florida., Dur-
ing the past month I have seen one
hundred head of steers being fattened
upon velvet bean pasturage, hundreds
of animals fed upon the hay and the
meal and in several cases have seen
large herds of dairy cows fed exclu-
sively upon velvet bean pasturage, not
only without a single case of injury,
but in every case with the quantity and
quality of product directly proportion-
al to the quantity of velvet beans con-
sumed. I have heard rumors of in-
jury from velvet beans. I have never
yet, however', succeeded, after diligent
effort, in running down such a rumor
to its source, and finding the bean re-
sponsible for the alleged injurious ef-
fects. It is quite possible to overfeed
an animal upon velvet beans at first,
as is done with other new and ex-
tremely rich nitrogenous feeds. Many
an animal is overfed on corn. hundreds
of animals die annually as the result
of hoven produced by overfeeding on
red clover; yet no one is so knavish or
stupid as to hold the crop in either
of these cases responsible for the re-
sults. but rather the ignorance or care-
lessness of the owner or the gluttony
of the animal was the cause. The
velvet bean, therefore, must be accept-
ed as one of our most valuable crops,
preeminently adapted to Florida con-
ditions and the proper utilization of
which is of inestimable value to Flor-
ida land owners and stockmen.-H. E.
Stockbridge in Farmer and Fruit
Grower.
*
Strawberries.
We have had the best success by set-
ting strawberry plants in the fall. Any
time from the first of November to the"
middle of December will do. The
plants are in a thrifty growing con-
dition at this time, with us, the weath-
er is cool, and the result is that we very
seldom lose a Dlant.
The land should be thoroughly pre-
pared by breaking it deeply and pul-
verizing well with cutaway and
smoothing harrow.
Strawberries need rich land and
large quantities of manure and com-
mercial fertilizer can be used on them
to advantage. The fruit contains a
large per cent. of potash, about three
times as much as either ammonia or
phosphoric acid, so if we desire fine
berries, this element of plant food must
not be overlooked. The root system
of the strawberry is limited, extending
little, if any, beyond the spread of the
leaves, and for this reason we fertilize
them usually in the drill. Bows are
laid off four feet apart, and about one
thousand pounds to the acre of fine
ground bone and potash (800 pounds
bone meal to 200 pounds muriate of
potash) applied in a broad band and
thoroughly worked Into the soil, and a


ridge made by throwing two furrows
together over this row. Acid phos-
phate can be used instead of the bone,
but it will not last as long and it will
be necessary to add some blood or cot-
ton seed meal to furnish the ammonia,
about two per cent. We do not need
much ammonia at the time of plant-
ing, as it pays better to apply It the
following spring, when the plants are
in bloom, in the form of nitrate of
soda.
We set the plants from 18 Inches to
two feet apart on the ridges after they
have been flattened down by a roller,
or leveled off somewhat with a board
or harrow. We use a brick trowel, the
point of which has been cut of, to set
with. This trowel makes a smooth,
wide cut in which the roots of the
plant can be spread out like a fan.
Drive the trowel into the soil, pull the
handle toward you, Insert the plant in-
to the aperture thus made, remove
trowel and press the soil firmly against
the crown and roots with the ball of
the foot, being careful to leave the bud
of the plant uncovered and about on a
level with the general surface. Plants
can be set well and very rapidly inthis
manner; but care must be taken to see
that the roots of the plants go In
straight and are well spread out, for if
they are wadded up or turned at the
bottom the plant will not take hold and
grow off as welL Where the roots are
very long we often trim a little across
the bottom, which makes them much
easier to set properly.
The first season after the plants are
set there will be very few berris, ad
therefore, we grow a crop of early veg-
etables, such as cabbage, beans or tur-
nips, between the rows, manuring
them heavily, and keeping them well
cultivated. By the next fall we have
a matted row from one to two feet
wide. The plants are then thinned to
about eight inches apart, and more fer-
tilizer worked in among them. Com-
mercial fertilizer is preferred, as a sta-
ble manure contains too many weed
and grass seed, which interfere great-
ly with the plants the following spring.
After the ground freezes we some-
times mulch with straw; but it Is sel-
dom necessary to do this in our local-
ity. They should, however, be mulch-
ed after being worked out in the
spring, to keep the berries out of the
dirt.
The next season we may expect a
big crop of fruit, after which we us-
ually plow up the patch for some veg-
etable or field crop. The expense of cul-
tivating a strawberry patch all sum-
mer with no other crop on the land,
is, in my opinion, too great for the re-
turns. By our method we get one crop
every year from the land on which the
strawberries are grown, an early veg-
etable crop the first year, and a late
field or vegetable crop the second year.
A new patch of strawberries Is set
each fall which insures us a good crop
of berries every year. It, however, It
is desirable to continue the berries for
two or three years on the same land.









s1 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


it will be necessary as soon as they are
through bearing to mow off the tops,
in the first place, then bar off the row
with a turn plow, leaving a strip eight
or ten inches wide, and applying ma-
nure or fertilizer on Ioth sides of the
row, after which the plants are chop-
ped out with a hoe to about one foot
apart, and kept well cultivated through
the summer. One row of some small
vegetables, such as turnips or beans,
may tie planted between the berries the
second year, but the rows are wider
now; and these vegetables must not be
allowed tointeifere with the cultiva-
tion of the berries. By October you
should again have matted rows, when
the plants can be thinned so they will
make. large, fine berries, the next
spring. It has not been found advis-
able to continue the patch beyond the
third year. The land should then be
sown to cowpeas, or some other crop
grotvh before the land is again planted
to berries.-Strawberry Culturist.
*
Fall Treatment of Pear Blight.
During the past season three circu-
lars viz: numbers fi. 15. and 20 have
been published on the subject of Pear
Blight and owing to the nature of the
disease and its prevalence the past sea-
son it has been considered advisable to
issue the fourth circular at this time.
In each of the three circulars previous-
ly published upon this subject, it was
recommended and urged that the blight
be cut out and burned in all cases as
soon as possible after it made its
appearance. In those orchards where
the blight was carefully and persistent-
ly removed and destroyed most of the
trees were saved. In some instances
the cutting was not severe enough to
remove all the blight-producing organ-
isms, that is the diseased branches
were not cut far enough welow the
lowest discolored point on the bark
to remove the organisms and as a re-
sult the dimsase remained in the tree
and continued its destructive work so
long as soil and weather conditions
were favorable.
At this season it will be observed
that the blight is not spreading and
the disease is not advancing even in
partially dead branches. It has been
found however, that the disease pro-
ducing organisms although inactive
during the fall and winter are not
dead, that they are capable of living
over the winter if the diseased branch-
es have not been removed from the
trees. As soon as the sap begins to
flow in the spring these organisms
again become active and it is from
these so-called hold-over cases that the
blight is spread. When the organ-
isms become active in the spring they
find their way to the surface of the In-
fested branches either through exud-
ing of the sap or otherwise and are
carried by the bees or wind to neigh-
boring trees where they lodge and pro-
duce disease.
It is clear from these facts that have
been determined by careful investiga-
tion that thele is only one way in
which to prevent the outbreak of this
disease next season and that is by
destroying all the organisms before the
sap begins to flow In the spring. The
only method by which this can be ac-
complished, so far as known at pres-
ent, consists in cutting out and burn-
ing the affected branches. In many
orchards where the blight was so de-
structive the past season it was found
that little or no effort had been made
to destroy this pest during the pre-
ceding season. While the blight was
not so destructive generally iu 1899, as
in 1900, it was present in most orch-
ards and in many isolated trees; hence
where it was not cut out it accumulat-
ed and became more destructive dur-
*ing the past season. It is very imp6rt-
ant therefore that all trees that are
subject to the blight, pear. apple and
quince, be gone over this fall or winter
and all diseased branches carefully re-
moved.
If the work is done before the leaves
fall the diseased branches will be more
easily detected. It is not impossible
however, to pick out the blighted
branches after the leaves are off. In
any case the inspection should be
thorough in order that no diseased


branches escape, since it is clearly
seen from the foregoing statement that
a single infested branch remaining in
an orchard may be sufficient to spread
the disease through the entire orchard.
It is usually more satisfactory to go
over the trees thoroughly in the fall
and remove all diseased branches and
then to examine the trees carefully
again in the spring before growth be-
gins to be sure that no infested branch-
es have escaped. It is not sufficient
simply to walk through the orchard
but the inspection should be from tree
to tree. If the fight against the blight
is continued this pest that has caused
the loss of thousands of bushels of
fruit and thousands of trees as well,
will soon be reduced to a minimum if
not altogether eradicated.-By Charles
O, Townsend, College Park, Md., State
Pathologist.
4* *
Sweet Potato Culture-Nancy Hall.
Like many other things, the sweet
potato culture here is being changed,
and also the varieties grown. This is
a very important crop here, and has
made wonderful increase in the amount
raised in the last twenty years. Now
a hundred bushels are made where
there was only one. At first the white
yam and pumpkin yam were mainly
grown, as the kinds called yams are
preferred in the South and bring the
highest price and can be sold at all
times, while such others as Southern
Queen' Nansemond and Bermuda can
hardly be given away at times. The
last named kind is the most productive
and will make in old ground not too
poor, while the yam requires new
land, and this can barely be used for
three seasons. The cleaning of land
is laborious and expensive. While at
first it was profitable with the old
kinds, as the quantity increased the
prices in the market went down. The
grower looked about for some other
kind, earlier and more productive, and
found this in Peruvian or Dooly. While
it was earlier and extended the season,
it also increased the quantity, and
prices still fell. Twenty years ago
they would sell at $1.25 a bushel at
this time of year, and now they sell at
-.) cents in Mobile and in New Orleans
at 75 cents a sack containing a bush-
el and a half. Under these conditions
we have been looking for some varie-
ty that was early, productive and
would do well on old land. The clean-
ing of land every year, besides the ex-
plnse, had the very serious drawback
of wasting timber and increasing the
size of the farm beyond all profitable
bounds.
We have this in the Nancy Hall, a
variety originated in Florida. It has
been tried here now since 1893, and it
has proved to be early, productive and
will do well on old land and bring
the highest market price. The vines
are thick and short, like the Southern
Queen, and grow early from vine cut-
tings. In August I dug three rows
each of Peruvian and Nancy Hall, and
the last yielded six bushels more, and
all were planted the same time. Be-
sides that, it is a good keeper. We are
going to plant it altogether this com-
ing season.
It has also brought about other
methods of culture. The old way of
bedding seed and setting the draws
was well enough in the past, but now
as early potatoes are wanted and old
land is used, where grass and insects
abound, planting the draws is no long-
er certain of success. Now the sweet
potato is cut in two, three or more
pieces, according to size, and the land
is prepared as for planting Irish pota-
toes, and pieces are dropped about
eighteen inches apart. It is planted at
the same time when the Irish potato
is planted, covered with two furrows.
and when about to come up the rows
are topped off. They come up and
grow off, and the bugs do not keep
them back as they do early set draws.
Some plants can Iw taken off, as they
give vines earlier and as vine cuttings
do better than late set draws, this is an-
other advantage. The Nancy Hall can
be planted in bean ground or where
any other early spring crop was plant-
ed for market. I would advise to get
some, and those who grow only for


home use will find it one of the best.
-Julius Schnadelbach in Florida
Farmer and Fruit Grower.
4 0
Oranges in St. Louis.
The orange, outside of the apple, is
now the leading market fruit. Flor-
ida, Mexico, California and Jamaica
are all shipping. The Mexican crop
will be 20 per cent. less than last year,
for several reasons. The rivalry of
the Jamaica fruit is one, the wormy
condition of Gulf fruit another, and the
competition from California cuts out
the west coast fruit.
Florida's are the best on the market,
and bring the highest price. They are
just beginning to come in fairly large
quantities. The crop is large, being es-
timated by some at from 750,000 to 1,-
000,000 boxes, while equally reliable
reports show that 750,000 boxes will
be a full crop. The trees are all over-
loaded, and in DeSoto county one citi-
zen states there are 15,000 props under
the trees. The trees will produce some-
thing like three times as much as the
normal crop since the freezer
The Florida orange is by far finest
flavored when perfect. Some California
growers claim, while the oranges from
that section are more tart, they still
have a larger percentage of sugar in
them than the Florida oranges, which
makes the juice much richer. Epicures
usually prefer the Florida orange.
Early in the season it was estimated
that 40 per cent. of the Florida crop
would be russets. Now shippers esti-
mate fully i60 per cent. will be. Most
of the russets are found on the outside
of the tree. They are considered sweet-
er and are preferred by some. The
"russet" orange, as popularly known,
is simply a bright orange whose rind
has Ieen penetrated by the sting of a
mite. The acid of the rind spreads
over the outside and dries, giving it a
rusty appearance. The rind gradually
dries up and becomes quite thin by the
time the fruit is matured. This seems
to preserve and even increase the
sweetness in. some. Well informed
growers assert that the russet insect
(to use a popular expression) attacks
both sweet and wild or sour oranges
alike, and even the grapefruit does not
escape. No spray has been found to
absolutely exterminate the pest, but
the proportion of brights is increased
perceptibly where spraying is follow-
ed. The russet is supposed to be pe-
culiar to Florida. This is an error,
since the same class of fruit is sold in
Spain and Algiers, also in Japan, al-
ways at a lower price. In America,
now that the prejudice against rus-
sets has died out (a few years ago they
could not be sold to buyers except at a
heavy discount from "bright" prices),
the increasing demand for them will
cause growers to abandon experiments
looking to a preventive.
The Jacksonville, Fla., Times-Union
and Citizen, in an article on the orange
crop, says it is stated that two Chicago
dealers have instructed all their agents
and shippers to pack at least half a
dozen russets in the upper and lower
tiers of the boxes as a guarantee they
are genuine Floridas. Mr. Joseph
Spies of Spies & Co., Chicago, states
this is the only sure guarantee that a
buyer has. Jamaica growers some-
times pack their oranges in Florida
boxes In order to palm them off for
Floridas, but with the russets for an
ear-mark, there can not be any decep-
tion in this way.
At present Florida oranges are not
coming in good shape, as many of them
are grass-green. The bulk of the crop
will be moved by the middle of Jan-
nary. which will mean that Florida's
crop will not meet with any serious
competition from Californa. ,There
will be only a few cars from California
marketed before Christmas.-St. Louis
Packer.
*
Another Discovery of Science.
In an article on the "Etiology of Yel-
low Fever," by Dr. W. Reed and other
surgeon's of the United States Army,
printed in the Philadelphia Medical
Journal, it is held that "the mosquito
serves as the intermediate host for the
parasite of yellow fever and it is highly
probable that the disease is only pro-


pagated through the bite of the in-
sect"
It appears that in 1881, Dr. Finley,
of Havana, first gave out the theory
that yellow fever is propagated by
mosquitoes, but at that time the honor-
ed profession of medicine laughed at
him, and he was set down as either a
crank or a dreamer. Dr. Finley was
then ahead of the times, but observa-
tions made by Dr. H. B. Carter, of the
Marine Hospital service during the
yellow fever epidemic of 1818 in Miss-
issippi, opened the way for a new de-
parture by showing that although the
interval between the first (infecting)
case and the first group of cases Infect-
ed at a given house is from two to
three weeks, persons afterward visit-
ing the infected house fall sick after
one to seven days only. This fact sug-
gested the presence of an intermedi-
ate host, such as a mosquito, which,
having taken the yellow fever germ
into its stomach soon after the en-
trance of the first patient into the
house, was able after a certain inter-
val to reconvey the disease to anyone
entering the house. The house be-
came "infected" not because yellow
fever germs were In the air of the
rooms or in liquids or solids about the
rooms, but because it was infested by
a lot of mosquitoes which had bitten
a patient suffering with the fever. In
this view a house kept free from mos-
quitoes could not become infected.
Their presence is necessary to propa-
gate yellow fever.
Experiments made by Dr. Reed and
others in Cuba during the past sum-
mer tend to confirm Dr. Finley's the-
ory. Persons bitten under their obser-
vation by mosquitoes which had pre-
viously bitten yellow fever cases took
the fever, though they had not other-
wise been so exposed as to be infected.
One of the experimenters who permit-
ted an infected mosquito thus to bite
him died of the yellow fever in conse-
quence. It seems that a mild case of
fever does not infect a mosquito very
effectually, but a severe case thorough-
ly poisons the Insect and enables him
to communicate the disease in a viru-
lent form. Persons present at autop-
sies or engaged in dissecting yellow
fever cases do not necessarily contract
the fever. One may be a non-immune
and yet touch and handle the organs of
yellow fever cases with impunity. But
the experiments seem to show that it
is extremely dangerous to be exposed
to the bites of mosquitoes that have
come in contact with the bodies of pa-
tients.
Having thus demonstrated to their
own satisfaction that yellow fever is
propagated by the bite of the pestifer-
ous little mosquito doing duty as "an
intermediate host," It Is now in order
for the learned doctors to explain how
it is that towns and districts are often
ravaged by the disease in which there
are no mosquitoes to convey the poison
from a person who is Ill with fever to
one who is well. This seems to us to
afford ample room for the construction
of another theory equally as interest-
ing and instructive.-Ex.
*
Country Becoming Attractive.
Prosperity in any line of business not
only attracts attention but creates a
desire in the general mind to become
connected with and share In the
enjoyment of such prosperity. For
many years the wealth and population
of our cities have grown and expanded
at the expense of the country. For
many years the landlords and laborers
alike have been seeking a more lucra-
tive employment within the walls of
our towns and cities. This continued
trend of the population from the ru-
ral districts has tended to seriously af-
fect agriculture. The dominant factor
in this peculiar condition of affairs
could only be found in the fact
that country life was unattractive, and
from a business point of view undesir-
able.
The fact that so many farmers mov-
ed to town for the purpose of educat-
ing their children was not because
good schools could not be had in the
country, but because the average far-
mer had not the means to contribute
to the employment of good teachers









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


and aid in building first-class, attrac-
tive school buildings. For many years
a financial paralysis has hung like a
black pall over the rural districts of
the South, holding in its relentless
grasp a large majority of the men upon
whose shoulders rested the burdens of
government, and the prosperity of the
country at large. In other words, the
farmers of the South have for a long
time struggled for existence for them-
selves and families, while the wealth
Which they created went to enrich peo-
ple in other avocations conducted in
our towns and cities.
The producer alone creates the
wealth of this country, or rather the
material out of which wealth is creat-
ed, and the trouble has been that prof-
its on the wealth produced by South-
ern farmers have not been evenly dis-
tributed. The farmers have been the
laborers, they have not been partici-
pants in the proceeds to the extent to
which they were entitled. Now, this
is plain language, but it is nevertheless
a fact, which must he admitted by
every person who has taken the time
to carefully study the situation as it
has existed for the past decade. We
may, and I think justly, lay the root
of this evil at the f6ot of the system
of farming which our people have un-
fortunately so long and persistently fol-
lowed.
Times Are Changing.-The conditions
which have existed as stated, could
not always remain unchanged. In the
very nature of things, the road which
continuously leads to wreck and ruin
must be changed. Not only have the
farmers arisen in desperation to de-
mand rights which have been hereto-
fore denied them, but they are backed
by all other avocations in which South-
ern people are engaged with but few
exceptions. And why should other
lines of business at this time manifest
so serious an interest in the cotton
producer? Because of the sudden real-
isation of this important fact, that the
future of the. South was doomed un-
less a change came, and came quickly.
These outside avocations felt that the
farmers had stood the strain just as
long as they could and with a knowl-
edge of these facts selfish interests and
self-protection compelled their active
co-operation in any movement which
meant the uplifting of the farmers
from their almost helpless .condition.
There is no sentiment in business, all
business matters are based upon cold
blooded propositions, and if by the co-
operation of one industry with another
mutual advantage can be secured,
there will be but little trouble in form-
ing the alliance. When one industry
feels and realizes that its future de-
pends absolutely upon the success of
the other, the co-operation of the two
can not and will not be long delayed.
So that, in the effort this season to ob-
tain remunerative prices for the cot-
ton crop before it left the hands of the
producers, but few avocations in the
South were antagonistic to the move-
ment. Since the plan so successfully
pursued by our people this fall, to fix
upon a certain price, and demand its
payment by refusing to sell at a less
figure, there has developed suddenly a
prosperity among the farmers unknown
heretofore in many years. A feeling
of new life, activity and hopefulness
pervades the hearts of the population
of the rural districts, and every farm-
er-now feels that his future will be full
of prosperity. That the years for
which he has so long waited and labor-
ed have come and that by pursuing a
proper course hereafter, success on the
farm will be assured.
Interest in Country Life.-The trend
of thought in nearly every avocation
now is based on life in the country,
People who have hitherto had an aver-
sion to life in the country because of
the trials, privations and almost hope-
less efforts to succeed there are full
of enthusiasm-and becoming possessed
of a strong desire to farm. This at.
traction is being aroused because of
the fact that agriculture is once more
getting on its feet and will in the fu-
ture demand and receive its share in
the profits made from the wealth ii
creates. Naturally there is no plact
so attractive to the average human be


ing as the country. If the time has
come when money can once again be
coined by the farmers of the South, so
that independence will be conspicuous 1
in the country the trend of travel will
be away from the cities and back to
tile rural districts. I confidently be- I
lieve that such will be the case in fu-
ture years and that the farmers of the
South for many years to come will en-
joy tie highest degree of prosperity
known ,,n the farm at any time within
the past quarter of a century.-Harvie
Jordan in Atlanta Journal
*
Varying of Southern Industries.
The Southern states have developed
a class of promoters unexcelled by
any. For every boom that there has
been in the North, there has been a
duplicate in the South, and whether in
the East or West a Southern "spell-
binder" .has been fully equal and in
fact, a little superior to his Northern
rival. Sometimes these people have
had good material to work with and
have not had to depart too far from
the facts, and sometimes there have
been fiascoes in one section or another;
though perhaps there has never been
anything in the South which quite
equalled the collapse which took
place in the state of Washington,
where some projected cities are to-day
without residents.
The South, however, seems to have
gotten beyond the work of the mere
boomer, and is now enjoying the ser-
vices of men who are genuine develop-
ers and builders, men who study with
thoroughness the matters of which
they speak and are ready to assist in
carrying out their own arguments and
predictions. The Southern railroads
have been particularly helpful in these
ways. They have been anxious to in-
duce immigration, and by the develop-
ment of the resources along their lines
build up their traffic, but for the most
part they have dealt with facts and
not with fancy. There are a number
of railroads which publish monthly
papers in which are given not only the
rosy-tinted arguments of the profes-
sional boomer; but the conservatively
worded report of the investigation. The
railroads have discovered that tempo-
rary booms do not pay and that an im-
migrant is a desirable one only when
he is contented, prosperous and pro-
ductive.
We are reminded of these things by
tie last edition of the Southern Field,
published by the Southern Railway.
Naturally timber occupies a good deal
of attention in this paper, for timber
is one of -the chief resources of the
sections embraced by that road. There
are articles designed to attract the at.
tention of woodworkers to the South
as a field for their operations. The
argument is, of course, the familiar one
that the factory should be brought to
the raw material, when, as is the case
with so many Southern sections, labor
is cheap and there is a local market for
the product.
It was for years the feeling among
the manufacturers that the finer pro-
cesses could not be successfully car-
ried on in the South; that though cot-
ton was grown there it must be spun
and woven into cloth in the North;
that though iron might underlie the
soil, iron industries could not success-
fully be established; that though for-
ests clothed the hillsides, no further
Processes than could be carried on in
the saw and planing mill were practic-
able. It was the feeling, even the con-
viction, that the Southern people were
not adapted to the finer manufacturing
processes and that no one could main-
Stain efficiency in the Southern climate.
iTo a certain extent that view is true;
Sbut it was forgotten that the Southern
climate is almost as varied as that of
the North, and that in topography the
SSouthern country furnishes a wonder-
Sful variety. There are places in the
SSouth where the most energetic man
- loses his zeal for work and where las-
situde overcomes the most alert; but
There are many other locations where
- the climate, though less rigorous than
That of the North, is bracing and where
t it is a delight to live and work.
SFortunately some of the most im.
- portant Southern hardwood sections


come in this latter category. Take
northern Alabamaa, eastern Tennessee
and Kentucky, and all that mountain
hardwood district which covers both
slopes of the southern Appalachians.
This whole section furnishes almost
deal conat..ions for the establishment
of manufacturing industries, except for
the lack of native labor trained in me-
chanical pursuits. That is a draw-
back which can be overcome only by
time. But there is this to be said
about the Southern white popula-
tion: It is more purely Am.
erican and Anglo-Saxon than that of
any other part of the country; the peo-
ple are, even in the backwoods, under-
neath all their apparent ignorance, of
bright mind and quick to learn. They
seem to have been left behind in the
race, but they only need the quicken-
ing influence of the modern spirit to
take their proper place and do their
full share in the work of the new cen-
tury.
The history of the cotton industry of
the South shows this. While a great
many workmen and women have been
taken to the South, the Southern fac-
tories are largely managed by native
labor, which has proved in an unex-
pected degree adequate to the emerg-
ency. It was thought not long ago
that only coarse yarns and coarse cloth
could be turned ou't by these plants,
but already they are making some of
the finer goods.
So it is, and will be in the wood-
working industries. The timber is
there upon which the entire woodwork-
ing industry of the country must soon
largely depend, no small portion of the
market is there, the climate is all that
could be desired and there are the peo-
ple who, with a little help and educa-
tion will do the work.-American
Lumberman.

Living Off the Land.
The more wealth accumulates and
culture is diffused, the less men live
off the products of their immediate vi-
cinity and the more they send to for-
eign regions for luxuries and comforts.
Primitive man derived his entire sup-
port from the soil, the woods and the
waters within a radius of a few miles
around his cave, or hut, or shack. Civ-
ilized man sets on his table in the
course of the day products from the
ends of the earth-coffee from Brazil,
tea from China, spices from the Moluc.
cas, wine from France, olives and mac-
caroni from Italy. etc. Even his sugar
is imported from Germany and his but-
ter from Illinois.
Now, this is done in order that the
best the world affords mayJbe procur-
ed, for there.is nothing too good for the
modern American gentleman. The old
proverb says, "Meats far-fetched and
dearly bought are fit for ladies." It is
often the case that articles imported
halfway around the world are not in-
trinsically any better than home-grown
products, if so good; but they minister
to human vanity, and the transporta-
tion of them keeps up commerce and
gives employment to thousands of men
and sailors and railroaders who could
not find employment on the farm. So
let the carrying to and fro go on, let
the wheels roll and the steamers plow
the waves, and fetch and carry to
heart's content-so long as there is
money forthcoming to pay for it all.
But is there any valid reason why the
farmer should not raise the greater
part of the supplies needed to meet his
own requirements, as well as those for
other men a thousand miles distant?
What sort of a producer is he if he
does not produce something for hib-
self? With the exception of wheat and
and a few vegetables for winter use,
there is nothing which the farmer can
not grow on any kind of Flor-
ida soil, which is fit for agri-
culture at all. The use of ice for
forty-eight hours at slaughtering time
will enable the farmer to preserve a
year's supply of meat, as the writer
can testify from ocular demonstration
at the experiment station. Two crops
of vegetables and potatoes can be
grown per year, and by skillful man-
agement one crop can be made very
nearly to lap the other. White pota-
toes occupy the third place in the die-


SW SEEDS

Ferry seeds are
known the country over as
sbheesatrelable godse the
can be bought. Don't sae a
nickel on cheap seeds and t a
dollar O the dha:n.
1901 Seed AnnAu fas,.
D. M. FERRT & CO.,
Debei ich.




Old books bound at this office.


tary with great numbers of people, and
an intelligent gardener, after fourteen
years experimenting, has discovered a
method of culture which renders the
autumn crop practically as certain as
the spring crop. An immense source of
waste and loss to Florida farmers here-
tofore has been the non-keeping qual-
ity of their food supplies. The above
recent discoveries, the preservation of
meat by the initial use of ice and the
certainty of a second crop of potatoes
will be worth hundreds of thousands
of dollars to our rural population.
Many a Florida farmer's family
throw away enough wholesome, cook-
ed food to provision one person, If not
half the family. An observing South-
ern lady, being placed in a position
where she could observe the habits of
a Northern family in Florida, said: "I
now know why Northern people al-
ways have money. They all work, and
they save everything." Many of the
small economies practiced by North-
ern families seem to our people stingy
and penurious. They imply, if they do
not say, that they make picayunish
characters. A dollar saved is a dollar
earned. Which is likely to bear the
finer character-the man who has an
occasional dollar to spare for a first-


BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON.
Vor use in granaries to kill weevil, tode-
stroy )rats and gophers and to keep In
sects from the seed. etc.
2o CENTS PER POUND,
put up in ten and fifteen pound cans
Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Jacksoville.




POSITIONS GUAIANTlID,
UnMdr 1000 ODah Doelt.
LUmad I p. t




"Everything for Florida." Fruits,
Flowers, Trees, Shrubs for Orchard
and Lawn, Palms,
Bamboos, Conifers,
SFerns, Economic and
it-bearing trees,
F i uatics, and all
Sorts of Decorative
SStock, for Northern
o < House Culture as
well as the South.
Rare Tropical Plants, East and West
Indian and other Exotic Plants. Send
for splendid Illustrated catalogue, free.
We make special efforts to keep down
insect pests, and will not send out
"white flies" or other serious pests, or
diseases. 17th year. Reasoner Bros,
Oneco, Fla.


lUDIM CAUINEL-WHISKY
IU eabt snd s m e...

M. WOOL M. D., Atlanta, C

TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
Por polishing, cleaning
o r washing oranges
and lemons,
injury. and a slight ex-
pense.
WRIGHT BROS.
-- L Rivensde, Col.








20 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


class newspaper, a new book, or even
a good circus; or the man who, after
supplying himself with whiskey and to-
bacco (we have no quarrel with these,
when used with care and moderation),
can not compass a dime to procure
a little pleasure for the wife and chil-
dren?
It has been said that the Northern
farmer's household supplies are in the
cellar, while the Florida farmer's are
on draught. Well, if they are always
on draught, this is an immense gain
to be recorded; but the great trouble is,
they are generally neither on draught
nor anywhere else. Who is the more
promising citizen, the one who is "stin-
gy" enough to supply the larder a few
days in advance, or the man who-as
all have seen a man owning a section
of land do-has to go gunning in the
morning for a rabbit before he and his
family can have breakfast?-T.-U. &
C.
e s
Kothods of Aecuring Extra Early
Potatoes.
One of the most important factors
having an influence on the profitable-
ness of market garden crops is that ot
earliness. A dinerence of two or three
days or a week in placing a crop on the
market often makes the difference be-
tween profit and loss, and the prices
obtained for extra early crops have
stimulated cultural experiments with
every kind of vegetables. Some interest-
ing results along this line with potatoes
have been recently reported by the
Kansas and Rhode Island stations.
'At Kansas station seed tubers of four
different varieties of medium-sized po-
tatoes were placed in shallow boxes
with the seed ends up in February. They
were packed in sand, leaving the upper
fourth of the tuber exposed, and the
boxes were placed in a room with rath-
er subdued light, having a temperature
of o5 to 6o degrees F. Vigorous sprouts
soon pushed from the exposed eyes.
The whole potatoes were planted in the
furrows in March in the same position
they occupied in the boxes. The same
varieties of potatoes taken from a stor-
age cellar were planted in parallel
rows. The sand sprouted potatoes took
the lead from the start in vigor and
strength of top and produced potatoes
the first of June, a week earlier than the
storage-cellar potatoes. At the final dig-
ging they showed better potatoes and
gave a to per cent. larger yield.
In another experiment part of the po-
tatoes were treated the same as in the
first test, except that the sand was kept
moistened, and the other part was plac-
ed in open boxes and kept in a light
room having a temperature of So de-
grees F. The tubers placed in sand de-
veloped strong sprouts and nearly all
rooted. When planted in the field they
out stripped both the tubers sprouted
in open boxes and the storage-cellar
tubers in vigor of growth. The tubers
started in open boxes gave earlier
yields than were obtained from the stor-
age cellar tubers, but not so earyl as
the tubers sprouted in moist sand. The
tubers sprouted in moist sand produced
table potatoes from seven to ten days
earlier than the storage cellar seed.
At the Rhode Island station medium
sized whole potatoes sprouted on racks,
in a fairly warm and light room gave a
27 per cent. better yield at the first dig-
ging than potatoes kept in a cold cellar
until planting time; and this was in-
creased to 40 per cent. at the final dig-
ging. The percentage of large tubers
was also greater at each digging with
the sprouted tubers.
The results of these experiments are
suggestive. The handling of seed po-
tatoes in such a manner as to secure
strong, stocky sprouts before the tubers
are planted out, is shown to be an im-
portant factor in increasing both the
earliness and the total yield of the crop.
By planting only well-sprouted seed a
full stand is assured.
One of the objections to this method
of growing potatoes is the large amount
of space required for exposing the tub-
ersto the light for sprouting. This ob-
jection has been overcome in part by
the use of trays and racks. At the
Rhode Island station the racks used
held nine trays. Each tray was 3 3-4
feet long and I 1-2 feet wide, and would
hold about one bushel of potatoes


sprouting. The bottoms of the trays
were made of pieces of lath placed
about one inch apart. Nine trays were'
placed in a rack over each other, leav-
ing about nine inches of space between
each tray. This method of arrangement Fo M3ose
has the advantage of securing a very
uniform distribution of light, heat and
air for all the trays. It greatly facilitates w h
the handling of the potatoes and lessens
the danger of breaking off the sprouts
when transferring to the field for plant-

Another method of securing early po- good c ftarrh
tatoes in Rhode Island on a commer-
cial scale is that of sprouting tubers in d e I
a cold frame and planting out as soon
as danger of frost is over. The tubers m ee
are cut into pieces not smaller than an
English walnut, after rejecting the two rwow of noth m
or three eyes near the stem end, which W O HO
have been found to start late. The pieces
are placed side by side in the bed, skin g b
side upward, and covered about four
inches deep with rich, fine earth. Their g
growth can be controlled by proper h an _e un '
regulation of the cold frame sash. At Oe gtS n Hen. W .. f TAU-
planting time the tubers, the sprouts leara.
of which should be just breaking the Hon.H.W.OgdenCoogressmanfrom due toeatarrh o the kidneyJ. Catrrh
surface of the soil, are carefully lifted Loulsiana, was elected to the Gd,tMth of the bladder isa commondiseame and
with manure forks, separated by hand, sad 56th Congrees. In a letter written s rapidly becoming more and mo=
and placed in well fertilized rows, and at Washington, D. C, he says the fol- common. It produces the host of di-
entirely covered with soil; or if danger lowing of Perunathe national atarrh tremessgaymptomwhichtollowbMadde
of frost is past they are placed with remedy: disease. In short, ll ina adpI lvie
the apex of the sprout just at the sur- diae. Ishorta ary p
face of the soil. About 216 square feet UI arn consoientiously recommend organs ae subject to etarrh, and a-
of cold frame is required to sprout suf- your Peransa a fine tonic ad al round tarrh is more frequently the came of
ficient potatoes to plant an acre in jo good medicine to those who are in need disease of these organs than all other
to 32 inch rows, 12 inches apart. Eight of a catarrh remedy. It has been omn- causes combined.
men can transplant an acre in a day. mended to me by people who have used Mr. J. Edward Wiliams,of labanor
On the island of Jersey, where early It,as a remedy particularly effective in O., Box 48 was cured of systemie ca-
potatoes are raised in large quantities the cureof catarrh. For those who need tarrh by Perana. BSytemie catarrh Is
for the London market, the potatoes de- a good catarrh medicine I know ofnoth- that condition in which catarrh ha per-
signed for seed are placed side by side Ing better." meatedthewholesystem. Mr.Wimiams
in shallow boxes and stored, as soon as Mr. Virgil Bowlee, Fulton, Oswego, saya: "I took Perna for acute a*trrb
cold weather sets in, in a light and well- county, N. Y, writes: "I am an old sol- of the entire membranousproce.
sheltered loft or shed, out of danger of dier,and have doctored with live differ- 641 s d sum Ivs om ad
frost. The position of the boxes is nt doctors fortom troublef hM VuV a
changed from time to time so that the entdoctoror tomahtoble ce forthra
sprouts will be of equal length ana ea"m. I ouid getnohelp. Itookyour j lt M o o *8 M 1
strength at the planting season. A typ- Peruna and now feel like a new man. I ImlaAfly ul -
ical sprout averages alout one half inch CM recommend it to anyone offering
in length. Medium sized tubers selected with catarrh of the stomach. A great gga
from the best of the crop and allowed any people wantto know what I took JP1 ec ae ,a '-1 k Motws
to lie in the field in the fall until they that helped me so much. I tell them it was M a*'tf, the oddW lAt Ms
become greenish are used. was Pernma. One year age I could MIdk I began r w Pas an
Potatoes for early use are sometimes hardly do anything and only weighed rwUIId a Imiuean t IAm
started in pots in the green-house and 10 pounds. Now I weigh 14andoan- the IrstMoWa I wasllel W ar.t."
planted out as soon as danger of frost not say too much for your medicine, a Dr.Hartman,thediscovererotPeruna.
is over. The cost incident to this meth- it has done me eo much good." has written a book on the different
od limits its use, except for family use. 80 many people think catarh affects phaes and stages of catarrh. This bock
-C. B. Smith, in U. S. Bulletin. the hed only. This is a great mistake. contains the doctor's opinion as to the
c The stomach is liable to eatarrh. The treatment of catarrh from an experenee
Forests and Their Influene. kidney are also very liable to catarrh, of over forty years. Address The Peru-
The influence of the forest on the producing all the symptoms of kidney Medicine Co, Columbus, 0. for a fm
climatic conditions of a country and its disease. M t eases of weak back re copy of this book.
power to draw moisture from above
and below is a subject that has attract-
ed widespread attention. The preser-
vation of the forest is as necessary to the raising of grain prohibitive in spite given point and an increase in the oe-
a high state of civilization as the well of the fact that the amount of annual currency of destroying floods. To take
cultivated farm and no one is more rainfall has remained nearly the same. in our own country the Sacramento
dependent upon its products and in- This is now the case in most of the river for an example, we find that this
fluence than the farmer in fact, to him countries in inner Asia, such as Per- stream now is navigable only in the
it should be of equal importance to see sia and Syria, which formerly, before rainy season as far as Sacramento,
the forest as well taken care of and the mountains were denuded, support- while before the year 1850, we are told
in as high state of cultivation as his ed a teeming population and raised ar- ships of moderate draft had no difi-
farm, because wooded areas are most mies of millions of men, and also on culty to ascend as far as Marysville,
essential in producing the atmospheric our own continent in Arizona, for In- i the year round. A great deal of dam-
conditions which will insure the tiller stance, where we find evidences of the age done by floods of that river is laid
of the soil reward for his labor. There- existence of great cities miles in cir- at the door of hydraulic mining, and,
fore, in the economic household of the cumference. I I think, a great deal unjustly. It is
state forest culture should be the most Throughout the valleys of the inter- at least certain that the wanton de-
important branch of agriculture and is lor east of us, especially the Mohave nudatlon of the Sierras has had as
more or less vitally connected with desert and like localities, all through much to do with the devastating floods
every industry which adds to the what has been called the arid belt, are as hydraulic mining and is entirely re-
wealth of the states and the comfort of evidences of great water courses, but sponsible for the river's low water-
its people. The carelessness with which as there is no large area of forest with mark in summer time, just as the wa-
we have regarded this resource and that sponge-like leaf mold which re- ter supply of all streams is diminishing
through which we have permitted the tains the moisture and partly allows at an alarming rate, whenever its
despoliation of our mountain sides of it by slow percolation to reach the re- source, the forest, has been destroyed.
their moisture preserving shade Is rap- servoirs below, which again spend their In the old country, where like condl-
idly beginning to tell on the resources surplus by way of springs at a lower tions are existing, very costly efforts
depending upon the preservation of the level, partly feeds plant life and keeps are now being made to remedy the evil.
forest, the atmosphere moist through evap- The damage done by the loss of for-
The cutting down, or burning of oration, the rain, coming down in est growth will nowhere be felt quick-
great areas of forest, permitting there- sheets, will flow off quickly and form er than in Southern California. With
by the air and sun and wind to reach those roaring torrents which carry our limited amount of annual rainfall
the soil, must of necessity cause a away with them the last vestige of and steep mountains, a self reproduc-
rapid evaporation and will result of- good soil and finally leave the country tion of the forest is very doubtful and,
ten by the therewith connected cool- a barren, windswept and sand-beaten where it has been totally destroyed by
ing process in those high winds, which desert. But even where conditions like fire, next to impossible. An area burnt
have been so disastrous to our those do not exist, the destruction of over by one of our fierce mountain
fruit interests and which help, by the forests has everywhere in the fires is despoiled of all vegetable mat-
sweeping over the open and unpro- world, new and old, done great dam- ter, because, everything being so dry,
tected country, to rapidly diminish the age aside from the change in climatic the fire not only destroys the plant
moisture contained in the soil of the conditions. Almost all the navigable growth, but consumes, too, all seed and
valley, and a country denuded of its streams show a marked decrease in vegetable mould, which covers the
forests may become so dry as to make the volume of water which passes a ground, and bakes the soil and kills







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 2

It. The first rainstorm of the season people, who are quite able to provide ner-skinned, smoother and brighter or-
then washes all the lighter part of the for their poor relatives, to shirk this ange is produced. Arrangements for
ashes, debris and soil down the moun- responsibility and make the county heating the shedded orchards are com-
tain sides and, in the rapid movement shoulder it: that it is a constant drain plete. Under the close sheds there will
of the water over it, the now bare soil on the treasury without any Income; be twelve fires to the acre, built In W W
is unable to absorb it and with each that it offers an opportunity to politi- salamanders of coke, which gives a
successive rain more of the fertile soil clans to use the treasury for political tremendous heat, but little smoke.-
is removed and finally the hillsides are purposes; that it is paternalism on a Florida Star.
left totally barren and incapable of re- small scale, and breeds beggary and *
gaining any forest growth. fraud. On the other hand the poor A Pineapple Cannery,
The rainfall of a country must al- farm achieves all the ends of charity A company has just been formed at N d tu r e
most of necessity decrease under such without any of the evils of the pauper Orlando for the purpose of establish-
conditions and certainly be of less ben- list. It was soon found in this county ing a canning establishment to put up Babi ad i n
efit, and to speak of the torrential that only the deserving poor, the gen- pineapples. It has always been the
floods, which are caused by the water's nine cases of distress, went to the poor object of the Orlando pineapple grow- pr~o r food rarely m
rapid descent from the bare mountain farm. Then, financially speaking, the ers to produce the largest and finest
sides and of which the large stones, change made an immense difference. A fruit to be found In the world. And i. If they do not thrive
over which all our streams enter the heavy annual charge was turned Into this effort has come nearer resulting in on their fod something is
valley below, tell a tale. It is also cer- a handsome profit, without any eva- complete success than most undertak- Xr oo g
tain frosts will be of more frequent sion of the public responsibility of wings. The Orlando pines have estab- WIOng. They need a little
occurrence under these conditions and caring for the needy and poor. While lished a reputation until the demand a
the difference between day and night it may not fall to the lot of every for the fruit is far in excess of the help to get their digesive
temperature be greater as a result of county to secure for a poor farm an supply. The industry has grown at a a machia working properly.
the more rapid rotation of heat, which income bearing orange grove, still we remarkable rate, and the acreage of
in turn causes again the quicker mo- are sure it would pay every county to pineries has quadrupled annually for
tion of the atmosphere. After the com- discard the pauper pension list.-KIs- several years. Only the varieties
mon laws of heat, the dryer the atmos- simmee Gazette. ,known to produce the largest and high.
phere the more rapid Is the rotation est flavored fruit are planted here.
of heat and the cooler the atmosphere, Dwarf Orange Trees. Then each Individual planter endeav- Sll
the drier it will be. An atmosphere
saturated with vapor will check ad- We have learned many valuable les- ors. by Intelligent cultivation and lib-
ationwithseventymes thepowerof sons from Japan, and it is by no eral fertilizing, to increase the size COD LIVER OIL
a dry atmosphere. These facts are the means certain that that source of In- and improve the quality of his fruit. UWNS5A:
eae why killing Trhos occur far more formation is exhausted. Americans de- Still, owing to the plants fruiting out
rause y in ing f rosts ocur far morer spise small things, and go in for bo- of season, or to neglect, or to some
Now, if we have a dry, conseqenrtly nn operations and jumbo products, other cause, there is a certain per- %in generally corIre this
cool mountain atmosphere nd a natur- Those patient, plodding Orientals are centage of under-sized fruit in each
ll wrme atmosphere in the valy, (content to adapt their trees and their year's cro,),. This, if sent away with difficulty.
the radiation will be very rapid and culture to their conditions, and today the big ones, would lower the grade frm
result i tn frost at the lowest pin they have oranges, while Florida with of the entire output. It Is to utilize P rom
Should, however, the mountain atmos- her gigantic seedlings (that used to be) this second grade fruit that this en- fourh to half a teaspoon
here be well saturated with moisture trimmed so high above the ground that terprise is undertaken. The gentle- a btte th or
as a result of being well forested, the poultry flew into them to roost, men who compose the company ar N babys
because a tree will exhale in moisture has none-in the old orange belt, at pineapple growers. Primarily it is to times d you will son me
least, make a market for their own small a
horse than its ondi eighof withi 4w In Japan the Oonshiu. which we call fruit that they have decided to can a maked improvement. For
be checked or frost not occur. From the satsuma, is grafted or budded on it for market. But they will purchase S luSldrei from hWll to
the same causes moisture is quicker the citrus trifoliata, indigenous to Ta- from other growers the smaller fruit
condensed over a wooded than over a pan. which gives it hardiness. It has they may produce. t spO aod
ba region. E ded observations in a very different growth from our trees. Let it be understood that this small
bare rhve pv extended o ervaions In being really a large bush. It does not fruit is in no degree lacking in quality. age, dissolved in their mil
larger amount of rainfall over the for- often grow over ten feet in height, the It has the same distinctive character y S

ing influence is naturally greater over measuring oe which was seventy feet Mahinerv for the new plant will be z ing poer. Ithe mother's
a forest than over an open field, andeet P'"" e na f alt ic oTr
n .o therefore a rted nd around the branches which rested on here in a few days. and operations ill milk dr not nourish
rin is therefore attracted by wooded the ground. They are not pruned on Ibegin early in the year 1901.-Bartow
regions. For the same reasons, that is, the stemn. but the young shoots are cut C.-I. baby, she netds the emiml-
on account of evaporation, the tempera- off from te pper part of the tree SOn. I will show an efc
ture of the forest is lower at daytime f te upper part of the tree
and higher at night time than in the o keel it lown. The branches start- Investigating Malt Sick.
open field. ing from the ground are very irregu- Amn event of especial Importanhe to a at once both upon mother
lar and completely hide the trunk. our stockmen was the visit this week
Finally the forest acts as a shield They are planted on the sides of the of Veterinary Surgeon W. E. French, an chikL
against and moderator of prevailing hills. 'on ledges or terraces, thirty to of Daytona. Mr. French is making a oc. ad $.o, aldrul i
winds. It Is well known that while fifty feet generally only about ten feet preliminary examination of salt sick- scor TT&BowNF.,a.hmis NewTYor .
the wind may sweep with great velo- apart. the branches interweaving so ness among the cattle under the direc- r a
city over the tops of trees, it is com- (lose together that passage is imposst- tion of Dr. Stockbridge of the Florida
paratively quiet within the forest. ble except by crawling under. In the Agricultural College and is visiting
Rows of trees planted in regular Inter- valleys they are not planted regularly, several places in the state.for the pur-
vals will give the same protection and but dotted about with rice and veget- pose of gaining information upon this .
a space eleven times the height of the ables. prevalent malady. Both he and Dr.
trees will be sheltered. We are not informed as to the fruit- Stockbridge have previously been in VETERI NAR N,
Summing up, we may consider the fulness of these dwarf trees, but correspondence with the Stockmen's Will Treat all Diseases or eomesticat-
main effects of the forest as fourfold: Amoore states the oranges generally Association of Osceola county. Mr.
First Preservation and economic attain a diameter of three and a half French arrived on Monday and went ed Animals.
distribution of the water supply by inches. It is the universal opinion to Narcoossee to visit Dr. J. E. Enns, SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
rainfall, throughout Japan that this variety Is who has been making a study of the
Second. Greater humidity of atmos- the best orange grown in that country. disease for several months. From Dr. A Specialty.
here resulting in lesser extremes of If the satsuma on trifoliata stock is Ennis, Mr. French obtained nforma- DAYTONA FLORIDA.
climate. the best orange in Japan. we see no tion of the greatest value. In fact. he
Third. A larger and more frequently reason why it should not be a good considers Dr. Ennis the best informed
and evenly distributed amount of rain- orange in Florida. This opinion, if corn- m an on this subject in Florida. Wed- (all be placed oi the range for the cat-
fall. ing from the Japanese alone, wold be nesday and Thursday Dr. French tie to eat. In his opinion it is useless
Fourth. Diminished force of the pre- open to suspicion, for they often eat spent in Kisslmmee. meeting Mr. J. F. to try to treat affected cattle on the
valling winds. both oranges and persimmons when O'Berry, president of the Assocla. range. because of the expense.
No one can deny that we have paid they are green and of a vile flavor; tion and many other representative Local stockmen appreciate the eforis
too little attention to the great value but Americans in Japan all say that stockmen. and visiting several pastures being made by Dr. Stockbridge for
of the forest and have allowed this when the satsuma is allowed to ripen near town. their benefit and will assist Mr. French
source of wealth to be wantonly de- it is delicious.-Florida Farmer and It is the intention of the College to in every possible way. The Valley-
stroyed. We can not undo the past, Fruit Grower. make a thorough investigation of the Gazette will also do everything to help
but we can stop the wrong and pro- * disease of salt sickness and to establish this undertaking and is glad to an-
vide for the future by paying close at- Shedded Orange Oroves. an experiment station in the range nounce that we have arranged to pub-
tention to the needs of the country in Mr. John B. Stetson, of DeLand, now country. The College has a small fund lish some articles by Mr. French on
that direction, by establishing through has 38 acres of shedded orange grove, available for that purpose now and the subject of salt sickness.-Valley.
the government a thorough system of The groves are in fine condition, luxu- later on the legislature will be asked Gazette.
forestry, which provides for the proper riantly green and healthy. There s a to make a special appropriation. t t
management of our forest reserves and little fruit on some of the trees which The Valley-Gazette hopes that Nar- An Irascible old gentleman had met
by seeing that the government per- have Ieen protected for two years or coossee will be chosen as the site for in early life with an accident which
forms Its duty in preserving that which more. but not enough to ship. The sheds the experimental station. No better left him with a broken nose, a deform-
it rightfully has reserved as a public are from 12 to 18 feet in height, and man than Dr. Ennis could be found to ity about which he was known to be a
domain.--Cal. Cultivator. have comparatively close tops or roofs. carry on the investigation in connec- little sensitive.
0 At first the sheds cost from $700 to tion with Mr. French and Dr. Stock- One day a new Inquirer propounded
11enets of the Poor Farm. $800 an acre, but this has been reduced bridge, and no better location could be the old question, "How did you man-
There can be no question of the ad- to about $580 per acre, and perfection found because cattle in that section age to break your nose?"
vantages of the poor farm system, es- has almost been attained in their con- seem to suffer from the disease all the The old gentleman answered solemn-
pecially if the farm shows an annual struction. It has been found that the year round. ly. "To tell the truth, my friend, the
profit, as ours has shown for the past trees under partial shade make as fine The Valley-Gazette learns from Mr. accident was caused by my poking it
four years. The objections to the pan- or finer growth as when outside, that .French that he is satisfied that a pre- into other people's business."-London
per list are: That it is a tempation to less fertilizer is necessary, and a thin- ventive can be found, something that Answers.







-m THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


rm3LJi-ja sa D AfAM'IX BT.
All communications or euiries for this de-
partment should be d to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Fertilser Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.

Editor Fertilizer Department:
- I have a dozen pecan trees large en-
ough to bear and this year I had a
few nuts. What will be the best ferti-
lizer to put on then. I have never
put any on yet, and thought you could
tell me what I could do to help them
along, and the best time to do so.
A. E. B.
Ocala, Fla., Dec. 27, 1900.
We would recommend you to use a
fertilizer containing two per cent. am-
monia, twelve per cent. of potash and
eight per cent. of phosphoric acid. The
time to apply would be as soon as you
can get it on. If possible, apply be-
fore the bloom starts in the spring.

Editor Fertilizer Depaortment:
Can you tell me what will cure "die-
back" in young orange trees?
Please answer through the Agricul-
turist. S. L. Griffin.
Zolfo, Fla, Dec. 28, 1900.
The cure for die-back depends some-
what on its cause. If the disease is
brought on by over-stimulating fertl-
lizer, which is the cause of nine-tenths
of this disease, the remedy is to use
a fertilizer containing no ammonia,
made of equal parts of dissolved bone-
black and low grade potash. In the
spring as soon as the new growth starts
out a little, spray with Bordeaux Mix-
ture. In a few weeks, if there are any
signs of die-back on the shoots, spray
again. Cultivate the ground as little
as possible until all signs of dieback
cease.

How to Prepare Land for Trucking.
Editor Fertilizer Department:
A Southern farmer writes to us: "1
have a piece of sandy soil that will
bring fifteen bushels of corn per acre
without help. We have good facilities
for shipping truck North, and I want to
devote a considerable area to the cul-
ture of early Irish potatoes, snaps, peas
and melons; how much commercial fer-
tilizer and what kind will be requir-
ed to make good crops on this land?"
Land that will bring but fifteen bush-
.els of corn per acre is far front being
in condition to make even fair crops
of vegetables. It takes something be-
sides commercial fertilizers to prepare
land for the growing of the maximum
crops of these things. No matter how
heavily you apply the commercial fer-
tilizers on this land it will not at once
give you large crops of truck. Ot
course the application of fertilizers
will largely increase the crops that it
would make without them. but what 1
wish to impress upon you is the fact
that land in that condition can not use
heavy applications of commercial fer-
tilizers to advantage. In fact it has
been time and again proved by exper-
ience that no land which has never be-
fore been cultivated in truck crops will
give its maximum yield until it has
been cultivated in these crops for sev-
eral years and has been changed in its
character by the use of crops after the
early truck which adds humus to the
soiL
This humus is the vegetable decay
that makes the soil darker in color.
mellow and retentive of warmth and
moisture. The retention of moisture
is the most important function of the
humus or black matter in the soil, for
upon this moisture retaining capacity
depends its power to use large appli-
cations of commercial fertilizers prof-
itably. We had an Illustration of this
the past summer. We had one patch
of sweet potatoes on a soil very defi-
cient in vegetable decay. Another
patch was on land where peas had been
grown and finally a grass sod plowed
under. Both were fertilized alike, the
second patch kept green and flourish-
ing all through the unprecedented
drought and heat, and made a fair


crop. The other made a very Inferior
crop and on digging them the fertilizer
that had Iben applied in the
furrow was found there as dry as
wien applied. It had simply done no
good. while on the other patch the hu-
In i.s from the previous treatment of
the soil had made the land more re.
tentive of moisture, and the fertilizers
lhad Ien dissolved and largely used
by the crop. Hence I say that in the
Ipre'ent state of the land described a
large application of fertilizer might be
totally inefficient if it did not do ac-
tual harm. Land must be brought up
gradually to render it productive as a
truck garden. and it is far better to
make a small piece productive than
to waste time and lalor in going over
a large area that has not been brought
up.
The land you intend to grow Irish po-
tatoes upon in the spring should have
been sown in peas last summer, and
the peas should have had a liberal
dressing of potash, and acid phosphate,
for your sandy soil is especially defi-
cient in potash, and potash is not only
an important element in the growth of
tie pea plant, but it is even more im-
portant to the potato crop. If the
peas had been sown last summer and
thus treated and tie whole growth al-
lowed to die upon the land. and as the
leaves were falling in Septenlber. seed
of crimson clover had been scattered
all among them you would have had
a green crop on the land as a trap for
the nitrogen during winter, and the
best of preparation of the soil for the
potato crop. for the potash and acid
Ilbosplate applied to the peas would
:1ll le there still, since these do not
leach rapidly from the soil as nitrogen
is apt to do. But even if this prepar-
ation had Iwen made. it would not do
to assume that the land is ready to
grow i fine crop of early potatoes with-
ioult further fertilization.
F'ew fnrirners realize tle amount of
fertilizers that tile regular truck gard-
enerll use. They have Ibeen accustom-
ed to tie use of one or two hundred
pounds of commercial fertilizer per
acre. and are apt to lack the nerve
neeedl to apply them by the ton per
acre, but for the production of early
truck crops very heavy applications are
absolutely essential to success; nor
will it do to assume that because you
put one or two thousand pounds of fer-
tilize r pr acre last year that there
will not be any need for more this year,
for it is only by heavy and annual ap-
plications of fertilizers that the land
cain be brought up to its highest pro-
ductiveness in early market garden
crops. But you may say. "How are
we .to anccullulate this humus in the
soil which you say is so important In
its improvement." No one has a better
opportunity to do this than the man
engaged in the growing of truck crop,.
for as his early crops come off he has
still the cow pea that will grow an im-
mense crop on land so heavily fertiliz-
ed. and inl no way can humus content
of the land be so rapidly increased as
by the sowing of peas on every vacant
place in the truck field. And not only
in places actually vacant at the time
of crops, but among some of them the
iwas are useful. Melons are far better
off in the shade of peas and at the last
working of the melons it is a good
practice to sow peas among the vines.
It is always far cheaper to grow the
organic matter fro'n which humus Is
made by growing it all over the land
than by hauling it there in the shape
of stable manure.
Stable manure is too apt to be out of
the reach of the trucker in the South
at least to the extent that he would
like to use it and chemical fertilizers
aild leguminous crops make an excel-
lent substitute. In fact there Is no roy-
al road to success in trucking, and it
is usually only after two or three fail-
ures that the unskilled gardener real-
izes where he has failed. In this ell-
niate where the crop of early potatoes
is grown in a short time and during
the cool months of spring when ni-
trification is not so active, there is a
need for heavier applications of nitro.
gen in the fertilizer used than there is
in the North. where the crop grows
through the summer when the nitrifica-


tion of organic matter in the soil is
most active.
Hence in the preparation of a ferti-
lizer for the potato crop in tle South
we would always use more nitrogen
than on the general crop grown North,
and not only would we use more nitro-
gen. lint we would use a portion of it
in the readily available form of a ni-
trate as in the nitrate of soda, for the
same reason we have given for the
extra need of nitrogen. the short time
during which the crop grow. Nitro-
gen must get into the form of a nitrate
before green plants can use it, and
there is a need for the readily avail-
able nitrate in the early growth of the
potato while the organic nitrogen is
getting into shape for the plants. Hence
we would advice for the potato crop
the following mixture to make a ton:
Acid phosphate, 900 pounds; nitrate
of soda. 100 pounds; cotton seed meal,
(i00 pounds, and muriate of potash,
400 pounds.
If the land was in condition to re-
ceive it I would use from 1,000 to 1,500
pounds of this per acre, but on land
like that described it is probable that
a smaller quantity would be better
since the soil is not in condition to use
the heavier application and therefore
70) pounds of tihe mixture would lb
advisable at first. As the humus con-
tent of the soil increases through the
growing of the peas you can safely In-
crease the fertilizer application with
the certainty that it will not damage
tihe crops as it might in the unimprov-
ed state of tile soil.
The beans and peas following on this
saine land tie following year need lit-
tle if any nitrogenous fertilizer and
will need less fertilization of any kind.
Being a cheaper crop than potatoes,
they will not pay for and do not nteed
such heavy fertilizing, and following
l clrop of peas will be able to get along
with ai fairly liberal, say 400 pounds
dressing of acid phospihate and muri-
ate. of potash, five parts of the first
to one of thie last. But after all the
first truck crops raised on land in the
condition described will be disappoint-.
ing. but the man who perseveres and
bnitlds up his land by liberal treatment
and who sticks at it, will finally per-
ceive that what we have said is ex-
actly true. W. F. Massey.
-North Carolina Experiment Station.
*
Swamp Water for Fertilizer.
There has been a discussion about
the best way to utilize muck or peat
from a swamp. Some readers do not
believe that it has any great value,
while others consider it valuable when
comntosted with manure or lime. Mr.
Fre Patton. of Ohio, tells us of a new
way of obtaining the fertilizing value
of mnuck. He says:
The use of muck or peat has been
very unsatisfactory with me direct
from the swamp. It seems to be of
some advantage on a heavy loam and
(lay soil. but not enough to justify us.
ing in that way. neither have I deemed
it profitable to compost it with manure.
It has been largely benefited by drain-
ing out a swamp and letting it remain
subject to the action of the elements
for several years: then taking up the
drains and covering the swamp with
water during the winter and spring, us-
ing the water for irrigation of market
garden crops. The first season the
water was held in the swamp and used
on the crops they grew as well as crops
could have grown with stable manure.
We wholesaled $553 worth of celery
from one acre in 1894, that received no
fertilizer but this stored water from
the swamp; neither had it any special
care or culture. The same season we
grew and sold from 1,600 tomato plants
$1i;0 worth of tomatoes which were
largely due to the muck or peat soak-
ings, as they had no other fertilizer.-
Fre Patton in Exchange.

TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady, cured of her deafness and
noises In the head by Dr. Nicholson's
Artificial Ear Drums, gave $10,000 to his
Institute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may have them
free. Address ltc. The Nicholeon In-
stitute. 71 Bighth Avenue. New York.


Thousaand Have Kidney Troube
and Don't Know it.
How To Pind Ot.
Fill a bottle or common glass with yor
water and let it stand twenty-four hours; a
sediment or set-
tling indicates an
unhealthy condi-
tion of the kid-
neys; if it stains
your linen it is
evidence of kid-
ney trouble; too
frequent desire to
pass it or pain in
-- the' back is also
convincing proof that the kidneys and bla-
der are out of order.
what to ao.
There Li comfort in the knowledge so
often expressed, that Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-
Root, the great kidney remedy fulfills every
wish in curing rheumatism, pain in the
back, kidneys, liver, bladder and every part
of the urinary passage. t corrects inability
to hold water and scalding pain in passing
it, or bad effects following use of liquor,
wine or beer, and overcomes that unpleasant
necessity of being compelled to go often
during the day, and to get up many times
during the night. The mild and the extra-
ordinary effect of Swamp-Root is soon
realized. It stands the highest for its won-
derful cures of the most distressing cases.
If you need a medicine you should have the
best. Sold by druggists in 50c. and$1. szes.
You may have a sample bottle of this
wonderful discovery
and a book that tells
more about it, both sent
absolutely free by mail,
address Dr. Kilmer & r r ioatnwa&s
Co., Binghamton. N.Y. When writing men-
ion reading this generous offer In this paper.

THE "COMMON SENSE"
ORANGE SIZER AND GRADER.

Cheapest d Bet Sier o the Markt.

Over 1,4-) in use in Florida, Cali-
fornia, .lanaica, and in the large com-
mission houses of New York, Boston,
Ihiladelphia, and other points.
Orange sizer, Combined
without hop- grapefruit &
per only $6. orange sizers,
With hopper, J4 without hop-

ame with
i- hopper $10.50.


Brights and Russets can be sized
and graded at the same time. Capacity
of $8.50 machine. 500 boxes per day.
Capacity of $6.00 machine, 200 boxes.
Send for Circular.
J. T. CAIRNS, - DeLand, Fla.

Well Digging Outfit
For Sale.
We have a steanm well-digging outfit
with tools complete for boring wells
from four to twelve inches diameter,
which we can sell at less than half
the original cost. Any one Interested
in getting a well-digging outfit cheap,
please correspond with us.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Jacksonville, Ffl.


Budded and Grafted
Mulgoba Mangoes.
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
United States.
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH.
West Palm Beach. Fla.
Can't you win one of our premiums?






FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


23


BP.ATI WrO Of OIbA3lX TA2. How Not to Do It. blossom through the winter. There is
HOk rLuiU.ruaE. A correspondent of the Mayflower a hedge of Fuchsias trained over a
gives some interesting items of person- fence n 'Hotel Green Park' at Pasa
dena., which is over twenty feet long
BY W. STEELE, al experience. The advice to try pine- and four and a half feet in height. / 1
apples as house plants is good. They "A Fuchsia seven years old has
SWITZERLAND. FLORIDAet n the open ground in reached the height of twelve feet, and The father?
May and housed again in October. its branches spread eight feet across Gone forth
Brik Without Straw, Kerosene emulsion is excellent to kill "The Calla Lily is largely cultivated dotor. The
We read that in the time of the He- scale or mealy bug, but should not be here. It forms a border for the drive, motherP Alone
brew slavery in Egypt. the taskmas- applied in sufficient quantity to soak ways in most yards, and although with her suffer-
ters were commanded to stop furnish- the soil. For root aphis bisulohide of sometimes the January frosts injure it. in child.
if the frosted leaves are cut off it soon kWP llthedc-d
ing the brickmakers any straw, but to carbon is a safe and perfectly effect- comes forward with a new growth ItO neverit
compel them to provide their own ual remedy, and is seldom out of flower in the win- come
straw and yet to make up the same Make one, two or more holes in the ter and spring months. Whether
number of brick as before, soil near the body of the plant, accord- "Heliotroles are seen in every yard,
grown in bush form, tree form and is Croup in
We read further: "So the people ing to its size. pour into each from one- trained on the south side of buildings. the house
were scattered abroad throughout the half to a whole teasDoonful of the bl- They are always in blossom. yo can't
land of Egypt to gather stubble instead sulphide and close the hole quickly "Latanas attain great height and size g. the doo-
of straw." with earth. This must not be done here. t quick en h. It
"They are generally allowed to grow tor dangeous owit.'s
Are yo beginning to wonder what near a fire or lighted lamp as it is very in hush form; one that was notice too dangerous to wai
all this has to do with a floral denart- volatile and very explosive. It had bet- measured ten feet in diameter and Don't make such a mis-
ment? From this incident the diffi- ter be done out of doors on a warm day eight feet in height. take again; it may cost
culty of "making bricks without as the odor is not pleasant; in fact, it "A lantana of the orange-colored va- a life. Always keep on
straw" has passed into a proverb, is quite offensive to most people: ey ithe finest s ime ever saw hand a dollar bottle of
The application in this case is. it is "For odd and attractive plants why it is twenty-six inches from the ground 11 f1l
hard work to get up a readable depart- don't more flower lovers try a Pinean- where it commences to branch; the

This is not meant to apply to the two it to all 'Cactus Cranks,' and other ence and seventeen in the largest
lovers of quaint succulent plants, as it place; it is nine feet in height and fif-
or three who have been very generous resembles an Agave somewhat in ap- ty-three feet in circumference. It is
with their contributions. For their pearance. Just cut off the cluster of named .umnllo. It is a free bloomer
help we are very grateful. But to leaves at the crown of the ripe fruit. and thousands of blossoms can be seen
hundreds of readers whlo have never and set out in sandy soil. It will on it.
strike root in a short time and grow "The Hibiscus does well here and
sent us a line we appeal again. It is rapidly. Rut be careful to give good often is stcen from eight to nine feet
not a difficult matter to write a letter. drainage and don't be too generous in height. It cures the croup at
Everyone of yoi who is interested in with your supply of water, as an ex- "The Laurustinus is very hardy here. OnCC. Then when any
this department must have some ex- cess of moisture causes it to decay at a Ileautiful flowering shrub covered all one in the family comes
her favor the e base as fast as a Cactus. As it winter with clusters of nink and white down with a hard cold
perience with plants either favorable soon forms a mass of roots the Pine- flowers. It is excellent for hedges. o cough a few doses of
or otherwise. In either case an ac- apple will require shifting into larger "The Poinsettia pulcherrima is a or c a w
count of your experience, in a letter, pots more frequently than Cacti. It is lMexican plant; it is a great favorite the Pectoral will cut
would be interesting to your fellow clainled that the 'Pines' thus treated here. atid is coming more in favor ev short the attack at once.
will bear at a year old, but mine have cry year. It is very showy, as it has A 25 cent bottle will cure
readers. never lived that long so can't say about rosettes of brilliant brnets which meas- a miserable cold; the 50c.
Do not delay or put it off for a "more that. The first I had died at five or six ure from nine to twelve inches in dl- size ip better for a cold
convenient season." which will never months old from the effects of root amleter. They commence to appear in thathas beenhangingon.
aphis. I promptly tried another, and November land continue until March.
coeh when it was a fine thrifty plant about Here in 'alifornia the plant is some- -Albout25 tn a I aams m
We have searched far and wide for eight Ilontlhs old. I saw an article in times clnled the Christmas Rose. dyng with tcoi Uo t
"stubble" to take the place of straw a floral magazine suggesting that kero- "Verlelnas do well with very little euredwithA er's
until the fields seem to be almost en- sene emulsion be poured on the soil care; a lied of scarlet Verbenas has medictnes inthe boumel em-
rely stripped of all material suitable and let soak down to the roots of not been a tling of beauty for months. mendthem toD my fo "
tirely stripped of all material suitable lants thus killing or driving away "Oxnlis blooms freely all winter. Jan.. D aTsro lh
for the purpose. Will you allow this any insects that might infest them. My "The Camlellia Japonica grows in the
department to run out for lack of your Pineapple seemed healthy enough and o,'xn ground. wIt taiSeDoto. JaUa baSw
help? was growing beautifully. Still I fan- "The Sweet Violet is largely culti- rtnmedic. d'tee, wrl'helom
cied there might be some aphis or oth- vated in California. In Menlo Park eDr.J. AVc ra.welLiME.
* er insects around. So I dosed it with one florist hals six acres of them. The
Senecio i acroglossia. the emulsion as directed, and-that flowers are sent early to San Fran- .
Pineapple died a good deal quicker cisco. They do best in a partially
This plant is commonly known as than the other one. The poor thing shaded location, and require a great
"German Ivy," or in some places as looked as if it had been scalded, and 1 deal of water. If the runners are kept
*Parlor Ivy." It is one of the very had the sorry satisfaction of seeing, cut off. they produce more and larger lily.' 'Joss Flower.' 'Flower of the
When I tumbled the remains out of the blossoms. om0e florists erect lath Gods' and 'Water Fairy Flower.' The
best vines for cultivation in the house pot. that there was no trace of insects Iouses over their Violet leads to protect Chinese grow themi ill fancy dishes, in
that we know. on either roots or leaves. However, I them from the intense heat of the sun. water with !pbblles around the roots,
The leaves are the same shape as the expect to try another some day, but Those raised here aur the Swanley for tll'hir New Year festival, which oe-
"English Ivy," Hedera Telix. Though fancy next time shall take my chances White, very sweet and double; Marie curs tile latter part of January or first
with the aphis instead of with the Louisa, dark purple, double; Neapoli- part of February. according to the new
not so tough and leathery, they are of emulsion." tan. light purple, double: Czar, dark "noon. They grow rapidly. flower free-
good substance and very glossy and * and single. and the California, which is lv a""1 are very fragrant.
clean looking. In house culture the Winter Flowers of Southern Cali- single, but very large and very long r"Te Anemone. Ranunculus and
vine seldom blooms. fornia strong stems and large leaves. Freesia make a fit e showing in Feb-
"'Pansies do well and can be seen in ranary.
The plant belongs to the compositae The following account of what can private anld public gardens. "Itoses and Carnations I will men-
and the flowers are very small, but be done in California, in winter, we "The English Daisies. used for bord- tion at another time."
borne in little heads about one-fourth clip from Success with Flowers. Most ers or edgings. blossom freely-the red, *
to one-half an inch across and numer- of the varieties mentioned will do very pilnk and white. Work hlas been begun for the erect-
s heads in a cluster well in Florida in open ground. The "The double and single Geraniums ing tile wheel and spoke factory in
Head n a csten Florida n open ground. The grow to a great height, and are always Jacksonville. The site selected is near
Nearly three months ago, October difference in soil accounts for the dif- in bloom, the juncture of the Cummer road and
24, we described a large specimen of ference in size of plants, though we "At 'Hotel Green Park,' Pasadena, the Seaboard Air Line, about half a
this vine which we have growing un- have seen Lantanas in this state that four varieties of the Ahutilon or Flow- nuile west of the Cummer sawmill and
der a cloth shelter were almost trees in size: ering Maple may le seen. They grow about three miles north from Bay
inr a ll the !ark like any other tree; one street. The firm comes here from
Frost has held off well this fall. We "Sweet Alyssum grows without care has handsome yellow, bell-shaped flow- Richmond, Va., having been burned out
have had a very light white frost whatever, it has been sowed, in way. ers. another choice double variety is there several months ago. The name
three or four times and last night, side places and by the roadside. orange and red. They grow rapidly; heretofore has been "The Virginia and
December 25, a very heavy white frosa, "The Ten Weeks' Stock is a favor- one in the park is ten feet in height; North Carolina Wheel Company." A
ite here and easily grown. A plant of the body of the tree is eleven inches large number of men were put to work
the thermometer being down to 34 de- the pure white variety is a bouquet of in diameter. today, and the number will be increase.
grees this morning. But so far no itself. "Lemon Verbenas are all grown in ed as tile work progresses, and when
damage has been done. "The blue Ageratum is a favorite and tree form. and many specimens meas- the buildings are erected new and im-
The vine is now literally covered is much used for borders; it is always ure from eight to ten feet in height. proved machinery will be put In and
in bloom. "A Rose Geranium two years old, many mechanics employed. It is said
with buds and blossoms. One cluster "Phlox Drummondi does exceedingly from a slip. trained in tree form. is that the company has ample capital,
would not make much impression, but well. eight feet in height and the body is ten and will be a most acceptable acqul-
with over a hundred in sight at a time "The Marguerite grows to a wonder- inches in circumference. It branches sition to the local industries of Jackson-
it is very beautiful. The color is ful size. both the white and the yellow, and is very large at the top. ville. This is the second industry to
and is never out of bloom. The blos- "The Chinese Narcissus or Chinese locate in the northeastern suburbs of
bright golden yellow and the flowers soms are much used for decorating. Lily is extensively cultivated here. in tile city recently, tie other being the
have a slight delicate perfume which "Fuchsias do well on the north side the ground as well as il water. It is Florida oSap Works.-Jacksonville Me-
is very pleasant of a building and if a little protected known by different names-the 'Sacred tropolis.







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLORIDA AGrIC1T,1IST.

Entered at the post-e at DeLand, Flor-
ida as mecod da matter.

.LO. PAINTER & CO.,
Pnblishers and Proprietor.

Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
tacs of her people.

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THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
ASisted with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.

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ADVERTISING RATES.
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tion by letter or in person

TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Article rtin to aan i within the
cope of this per Ae within theo
We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
scrit unless stajnp are enclosed.
Communications for intended publication
. mt be accompanied with real name, as a
rantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
ribtion will be regarded. .
Money should e ent by Drft, Potoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Retered Let-
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=;blie in case of loss. When personal
l re ued exchange must be added.
Only I ad cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this per must be received by 10 o'clock
Moday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their r chan UST give the old as
well as tnew address.

WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 9, 1901.


Is there ever any such thing as
over-production? Not of really good
products. When watermelons are so
Ill-grown and so ill shipped that they
line the railroads for two miles out of
Jacksonville with streaks of putres-
cence, or are dumped at New York by
carloads, that is truly over-production.
Let us reform that kind altogether.
0
The prudent, intelligent, industrious
farmer, out of debt, gets about as many
creature comforts, after all, as are
garnered by men in other lines of busi-
ness; and in the matter of conscience
must feel a sense of cleanliness very
enjoyable in these days, with fraud
rampant, dominating and directing in
many industries, employment, callings
and professions.

We never could quite understand why
anybody wanted to plant the loquat,
unless it was for an ornament, pure
and simple. It reverses the season,
blossoms in the fall and fruits-well,
hardly ever-in the spring. It ought
to be planted in Buenos Ayres, but
probably in South America it would
turn right round and be as contrary
as it is in Northern latitudes.
*
A stlckler for old ways and old
institutions says it is better to teach
cows gentleness than to saw off their
horns. It is not nearly so much to
prevent the hooking of human beings
as of each each other that dehorning is
advocated, and a cow made gentle to.
ward her mistress may not be gentle
toward the other cattle, and there is
where the trouble and loss arise.
*
The west coast of Florida is probably
too long, from Lake City down to Ft.
Myers, for the farmers to be able to
hang together in an organization
reaching the whole length of the coast.
Like the man who Sydney Smith
said had a yard of sore throat, the


truckers might justly complain of such
a prolonged siege of "organized effort."
It is as much as the average grower
can stand to be "organized" while he is
shipping his own cantaloupes. How
then can he be expected to stand it all
through the season? But can we not
have a truckers' organization in sec-
tions, one in each county for instance?
*

-The man who makes two varieties
of tomatoes out of one, and does it
repeatedly, as did A. W. Livingston,
of Ohio. is a public benefactor. But
we believe he is equally a public bene-
factor-or would be if the world only
knew of his more humble and less ad-
vertised success-who by thorough cul-
ture and skillful selection of seed each
*Mr. teaches us to grow tomatoes
without needing new varieties. The
constant complaint of varieties "runn-
ing out" only proclaims the Incompe.
tency of those making the complaint.
*
The coldness and backwardness of
Florida soils in the spring cause much
delay in getting early vegetables to
market. It takes plants twice as long
to grow to a certain elevation above
the ground as it does in the Northern
states, where after the frost comes out
of the ground. vegetation comes on rap-
idly. Underdrainage in heavier the class
of soils would remedy this to a con-
siderable extent. Underdrainage has
been known to raise the temperature
of soils ten degrees. This extra heat
would forward the maturity of vege-
tation two or three weeks. A tile fac-
tory well patronized would be a bless-
ing to Florida.


We have just received Reasoner
Bros'. 1901 catalogue, which is very
attractive. It is very seldom that the
last page of a catalogue is more at-
tractive than the first page, but in this
case Mr. teasoner has reserved "his
best wine for the last." It is a color-
ed life-like picture of his new hybrid
mandarin orange, Oneco.
Besides the great variety of ornamen-
tal plants and fruit trees catalogued,
the illustrations of Mr. Reasoner's nur-
sery will be of interest to Florida read-
ers, especially his "Glimpses of our
tropical fruit house," in which he is
raising mangoes and other tropical
fruits too tender to be raised outside.
Mr. Reasoner's catalogue is full of
interest and information from the first
page to the last. You must see the
last page to appreciate it.
*
Not every man who raises hogs pro-
duces all the meat he uses, though a
few do. One reason of this is that so
many colored laborers and their fam-
ilies have to be supplied by their em-
ployers that more meat is required than
the farmers are willing to risk raising
the hogs to supply. Hog thieves are
plentiful and the cholera strikes the
swine occasionally, and men do not
care to have too much invested in hogs
when this epizootic is around. There-
fore this free-ranging system which Is
so strenuously contended for is the
cause of loss as well as of gain. In-
closed fields and improved hogs would
secure exemption from cholera and
hog thieves, enable the farmer to se-
cure more meat for the same expendi-
ture of feed and save paying the ruin-
ously high prices for Northern-grown
pork.


Woods Burning.
The cattle owners of Florida are not
responsible for all of this by a great
deal; probably more than half of it is
the result of culpable carelessness. Ci-
gar stumps thrown away. campfires of
hunters not properly extinguished, log-
heap fires left to smudge over night,
negroes on 'possum hunts, white and
negro boys out just for a lark, sharks
from locomotives, cutting of bee trees
-all these and other causes produce a
large majority of these conflagrations.
Any old resident in the rural regions
of Florida, who has kept his eyes open,
knows perfectly well that it is an im-
possibility to keep even a small
tract "a rough" for many years. The
rougher a tract the more liable to con-
flagration; the drier the weather the
mbre injurious is the fire to the land
and the more dangerous to the people
and their property. We have known
communities to make a concerted ef-
fort for a year or so to prevent certain
designated sections from being burn-
ed, but invariably they got burned off,
and not always by the cattlemen eith-
er. True, it is to the interest of cattle-
men to have the woods burned off,
therefore they are. on general princi-
dles, charged with many burnings for
which they are not responsible.
Now. to be practical in this matter,
it ought to be accepted as a thing as
certain as fate that a "rough" will be
burned off sooner or later, and then
proceed to do it correctly and as a
prophylaxin rather than allow it to
pass haphazard. without preparation
anid to probable detriment. Select a
time as soon after a soaking rain as
ilie grass will burn. every second or
third year. The lower layer will not
burn, ashes from the upper layer will
fall and mix with the lower, making a
fertilizer that will increase the fertil-
itl of the land. The firing should be
done iln January or February. We
trust and fully believe that Florida
newspapers will never have to chron-
icle instances of such loss of live stock
and property, with such suffering and
distress from whole sections laid waste
with forest fires, as we read nearly ev-
ery autumn in the papers of the North-
west. Even if there was the heavy
growth of trash on the ground in Flor-
ida necessary to feed such ruinous
conflagrations, it is not often that we
have the drouths sufficient to keep
them going long.
With a trifling outlay any fence can
he rendered perfectly secure from fire
by plowing "fire-breaks" around it
wide enough to prevent the possibility
of the fire leaping over it. The out-
lay required for this will be reinm
bersed by the assured protection of the
fence and its preservation for years.
The old-fashioned rail-fence now hap-
pily disappearing, is vulnerable to fire,
but the wire fence with solid and non.
imiflanmaable posts will not require so
wide a fire-break, and, in fact, none
at all unless there is stuff inside the
field liable to be burned. It was the
testimony of a veteran cattleman of
South Florida, having miles of inflam-
mable rail-fences, that it did not cost
him two days' work per year of his
ranch force to place the entire string
in a secure condition, and his losses
from fire in thirty-seven years did not
aggregate $10.
It will not injure land a particle to
burn the grass off when damp after a
heavy rain. It makes the country more


healthy. destroys the pestiferous in-
sects and germs and probably also re-
duces the reptile pests. It lessens the
liability of a fire in a drouth and mini-
mizes the damage resulting from one
when it does happen; makes fencing
and houses more secure; robs an en-
mny of a temptation to inflict an in-
jury.
When, by accident. an old "rough"
thickly covered with dead grass like
a fleece takes tire in a dry time and
burns. it works great damage to the
soil and is almost certain to destroy
houses and property. And it is just
as certain to get afire and burn as the
sun is to rise tomorrow morning-mark
that. A regulated fire each year or one
in two years will hardly kill even oak
saplings, which are less fire-proof than
pines; but a rough preserved for sev-
eral years and then burned in a dry
time, as it almost invariably falls out,
will burn pine trees sixty feet in the
air. and work inculcuable disfigure-
Iment and damage.

Florida Syrup.
The central factories have been in
full blast during the past three weeks,
and syrup has become abundant and
prices have declined. The local mar-
kets are all glutted and considerable
syrup remain in the hands of cane
growers Isugar planters I dare say).
Pine land grown cane seems very rich
in surose as it grains easily; the raw
juice weighs 8 1-2 degrees Beaume.
Tile stand of cane seems pretty fair in
some instances and cane is of good
size. The yield, however, is about 350
gallons of syrup per acre, at about 33
Beaume.
One patch. I noticed. planted on new
hammock. which has been tramped by
cattle for the past 5) years, where the
canes averaged 9 feet in length, and
the juice is so green it will hardly boll
into syrup. This cane will give about
4.-"0 gallons Ipr acre of very uncertain
density. Some that was apparently
boiled to the grain point barely makes
syrup. Syrup started off at about 50
cents a gallon, but has now fallen be.
low 40 cents. Syrup makers have been
hauling it to Tampa some thirty miles
by team. expecting better prices, but it
seems so much is being made, the mar-
kets everywhere are supplied.-Lake
Buddy in I.a. Planter.
The syrup makers above referred to
are evidently not making a good qual-
ity of syrup or they would not have
to sell it at prices below fifty cents.
If tie syrup is made in an open kettle
with an uncertain density, forty cents
is a big price for it. A St. Johns plant-
er told the writer, not long ago, that

he had received inquiries for ten car.
londs of syrup. This same party had
made a fine reputation for fine syrup
with a uniform density so that it could
be depended on to keep any length of
time. This party is increasing his
sugar cane patch and uses the very
best Iethods known for making high
grade syrup. We know of other grow.
ers who make a good article and have
no trouble in disposing of it at good
prices.-Ed.
a
A Xodel Farm.
A very few months have passed since
we noticed the arrival here of the
Messrs. Jordan from Michigan and that
they had purchased about thirty acres
of muck land just outside the town on
the St. Cloud road with the intention
of growing celery. A very small por-
tion of it had ever been previously
broken up. and that was several years
ago. silce which time it has remained
uncultivated, so that the whole block
was practically new land, covered, as
might be expected, with a heavy crop
of the ordinary Florida muck land
weeds. Their first efforts were turn-






THE FLUKIDA ARKICULTUK1ST. L


ed in the direction of thoroughly break-
ing up and pulverizing the land and In
providing a water supply. This latter
is a great essential in all gardening op-
perations, and especially so in the case
of celery. To meet this requirement a
five inch artesian well is being sunk,
but at present, although a flowing
stream has been found, its quantity is
not sufficiently great to irrigate so large
an area, but hopes are entertained of a
greater stream being obtained at a
slightly lower depth.
One of our staff visited the farm dur-
ing the week and found one of the
Messrs. Jordan, who is in charge of the
works, very busy with several hands
transplanting little celery plants from
the seed beds into specially prepared
portable boxes or trays for the purpose
of strengthening tile roots and making
the plants more stocky before finally
setting them out on the farm.
Mr. Jordan kindly left his work and
accompanied our representative round
the fields and he was much struck with
the amount of work that had already
been done in so short a time, and the
systematic manner in which almost ev-
ery known vegetable was being ex-
perimented upon on a scale sufficiently
great to test their adaption to the soil
and climate. A full acre has been plant-
ed in onions of several varieties and
many rows several hundreds of yards
in length have been seeded with car-
rots, spinach, lettuce, beets, turnips,
and the many other vegetables make
up a complete vegetable garden and
they were all showing up well in the
well prepared land. Cauliflower and
cabbage were coming apace, and he
saw quite a patch of tomato and egg-
plants looking very thriving. These
two Mr. Jordan looks upon as a sort
of gambling crop at this time of the
year, but so far cold weather has
not hurt them. He is also sowing many
hills in cucumbers, but these will be
protected by means of box coverings
during cold spells, and if they can be
pulled through, the venture should
prove most profitable, as they bring
very high prices in the large northern
cities during the early summer months.
The great feature though of the farm
is the celery crop. The seed beds alone
are larger than many gardens round
our town.and they contain millions of
young plants. These beds are all about
three feet wide and about 100 feet in
length and about 100 in number, which
will give an idea of the scale upon
which they are being grown. Long
rolls of cloth covering are provided for
every bed and so arranged that in a
very brief time the beds can be com-
pletely secure from heavy rains, ex-
treme heat or cold. From the seed beds
the young plants are thinned out as
early as possible and transplanted in,
the boxes first mentioned in this arti-
cle. the soil in these boxes being all
sifted through a wire sieve so that the
delicate roots immediately take hold
and render the plants in a short time
large and strong enough to stand set-
ting out in the perfectly prepared
fields which Mr. Jordan has ready for
them.
This season about fifteen acres will
be planted In various crops, about
one-half of which will be celery and as
the blanching will be done with boards,
the lumber alone will take several
thousand feet. It is needless to say
that not a weed was to be seen, the
whole arrangement being as perfect
as though it was an ordinary seed bed.
An experiment is also being made
with asparagus, a crop which hither-
to has hardly been attempted. A
small field of oats in one corner was
looking extremely well, and was satis-
factory proof that a great saving can
be made by using home-grown horse
feed. and whilst on this subject we
would like to call attention to the tires
on Mr. Jordan's wagons, which are
four inch, and the result is that loads
of more than double the weight can be
placed on the wagons and handled with
greater ease on our sandy roads than
can be done with the narrow wheels
which our farmers so persistently use
here. We have often written on this
subject before, and our opinion was
strongly emphasized by Mr. W. .Tordan
who said the extra loads carried


would more than pay for a wagon in
one year.
We wish these gentlemen every suc-
cess, and they are sparing no pains to
insure it.-Kissimmee Valley-Gazette.


CHEAP COLUMN
RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
ville, Fla- 10x31-01
ORANGE AND GRAPEFRUIT trees
on sweet, sour and grapefruit stock,
for sale at low prices. A. C. HAYNES,
DeLand, Fla. 47tf
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 271. Orlando, Fla. 34t
CASSAVA SEED FOR SALE-Purchaser
may bid on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
13tf.
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. JAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. 31tf
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg.
Florida. 40x13
POR SALE-Sugar-Mill and Engine-Large
sized mill. will sell cheap Apply to H. I.
rIrPIN, Courtenay, Indian River, Fla. 2-4
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale.
Fla. 15tf
WANTD--Orange Trees-500 to 1000
grafted or budded 3 to 4 year grafts or
buds. 4 to 5 leet high. Quotelow. H. J.
TIrFFIN. onu tenay. Fla. 2x4
"WHAT I SAW IN FLORIDA"'-Beautiful
kodak album Cloth and morocco binding.
Cloth 50c, morocco 75c, postpaid. B. O.
PAINTER & CO., DeLand Fla. 2t'
BELG.IXN HARES-At all prices according
to size and and quality. Imported Pedigree
stock a specialty Correspondence solici-
ted. H. 1'RICE WILLIAMS, Miami, Fla.
1x6
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tf
FOR SALE--75 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address, P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
Land, Fla.
WANTED-TO buy good small place with
residence in Fla suitable ior Pecan Nursery;
Prefer Coast. 50,000 finest Pecans known
25 nutstolb.s nd forcatalogue NE PLUS
ULTRA NURSERIES, Sisco, Fla. It
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett,
Prop. Tampa, Fla., 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
apple, Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so-
licited. 42tf
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
est quality, Low prices. Address THE
GRIFFIN(; BROTHERS Company, Jack.
sonville, Fla. 41tf


CONSIGN ORANGES TO



PORTER BROS. CO.,

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.

FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.

CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $25o,ooo.oo.

CHICAGO. NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS. ST. PAUL.


PORTER BROS CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re-
I ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER BRi)-. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
40 4 EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES should go
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencils, Market Quota-
tions. and General Instructions for shipping Florida products supplied from the Jacksonvih office.

SPRAY PUMPS.

Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank..............812 00
-Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
S I Harrel Spray Pump, com-
"V plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
S\ with hose, etc.................. 18 00
- Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................... 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
complete 28.00
Insecticides: Lime, Sulphate of Cop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur, etc.
Pialoe and Bangor Orange Bonze
Shaved Birch Hoops, Fresh Areen
O ged Hoope aveall sand Colored
Oran Wraps, Cement Coated Box
Nails, Pineapaple, Bean, Cantaloupe,
Cabbage and other Crtes; Tomato
Ca- rer Lettuce Baskets, Etc. .:-..
Imperial Plowsand Cultator. ete.
Catalogue and price itea on appll-
cation.
E BEAN.
Jacksonville. Fia.
Room IfRoblnsoujBIdg.

Se have a full supply of
Also a full liall the best varieties of Or-




GLOrange T.MARY NURSERIES,
G.==anges Pomelos, Kumquat,L TABR, Proprietor,
Or ng Tre s etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. Can show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.

GLEN ST.MARY NURSERIES,
G. L. TABER, Proprietor,


Glen St. Mary,


RIVERSIDE NURSERIES.


- Florida.


Satsuma Oranges on Trifollata
Stock $15i to $55 per 100. Peach
t, ees at $5 to W8 per 100 . . ..


WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees MULBERRIES, PECANS, KUMQUATS, UMBRELLA TREES.
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges.
Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons, Plums,
Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam- GLEN ST. MARY FLA.
phr trees. Roses, Ornamentals etc. Ca- DA N IEL, GLEN ST.MARY
nlgue free. Address, THE GRIFFING(
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
4ltf
WANTED CASSAVA The Planters'
Manufacturing Co., Lake Mary, Fla..
wiMl be glad to correspond with all per-
sons wishtrg to sell CASSAVA this fall,
either for rash or in xchangcp or CAR-
SAVA FEED. Early arrangements will r e e
be of value to growers and WE PAY
THE FREIGHT. F. G. PERKINS.
President. 40r;.
ORANGE WRAPS AND BOX HEADS
FOR SALE-I have 80 reams x1I ..-4 v0 2 WATCHES
reams 9x9. 340 reams 10x10 manilla or- W ATCHES
alige wraps whlc'h I will sell at a bar-
gain. Also 4,000 orange box heads and
4.000 all box 'heads it a price cheaper
than the lumber In the boards. If In-
terested write me. W. C. PAINTER,
DeLand. Fla.
NOW IS THE TIME to plant ecan nuts.
Frotcher's Egg Shell is the st. SelectF
nuts go forty to the pound. Also seedling
and grafted trees. American olive, a beau-
tiful evergreen tree, for parks, lawns and
hedges. Lucie grass plants, for the finest
v n Premium Offer No 1. Any one sending uaa new Stbscitbet and
lawns and for pastures. Japanese cnestnnts ,"- $20.0- r Any one senading-toa new Subscribt and
very large. single specimens weigh on re mium ffer No s $20 wl rIiv an open-f0ce, tem-wind
ounce. Perfectly adapted to ,-ir s;il ar d
climate. Best peaches for Tome and Ih p- and stem-set watch, guaranteed by the manufacturers for one year. Send your subcrip-
ping. W H. HASKELL, DeLand, Flor-
ida ,ox tion at once to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, F.


























Aftsolut)ey -


lure


No inferior or impure ingredients are

used in Royal for the purpose of cheapen-

ing its cost; only the most highly refined

and healthful.

Royal Baking Powder imparts that

peculiar sweetness, flavor and delicacy

noticed in the finest cake, biscuit, rolls.

etc., which expert pastry cooks declare is

unobtainable by the use of any other

leavening agent.


Alum is used in making cheap baking powders. It
you want to know the effect of alum uI.iN the
tender linings of the stomach, touch a piv- to
your tongue. You can raise biscuit with alum
baking powder, but at what a cost to health


ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., 100 WILLIAM ST., NEW YORK.


HOUSEHOLD DEPARTmENT.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Household Dept. Jacksonville.

A iassouri Girl's Success as a Work-
ing Architect.
Mary Louise Hale. Missouri's woman
architect, is a Columbia girl and was
educated in the State University. She
is one of the few women who have
made a study andl success of architec-
ture. InI Colunlbia alone she has prov-
en herself an artist of ability in a va-
riety of architectural achievements.
and she has completed successfully
with the best architects in the state.
Besides cottages. bars,. and hand-
some residences. she has also built for
Columbia a business block, the Episco-
pal church and the $4;I.Ic,.1 addition to
Christian college. The last and most
beautiful piece of work is a massive
dormitory building of brick and stone
of the Elizabethan style and was won
ill competition with St. Louis and oth-
er architects.
Miss Hale received her training inl
this line of work from the St. Louis
architect J. G. Cairns. For four years
she studied and worked witli him in
Si. Louis, and at his death a few years
ago she returned to Colunlbia and be-
gan business for herself.
In all her woik she is painistaking to
a degree and insists upon exact com-
pliance with specifications il every de-
tail. She personally superintends her
work and displays a tine knowledge of
the intricacies of her calling.
On the morning tle writer visited
Miss Hale she was in her office busty
with a set of plans. She is a young
woman of the blond type and a
sprightly. vivacious talker.
In spite of this so-called masculine
pursuit. Miss Hale is an extremely
"woinanly" woman. She is fond of pret-
ty clothes and good horses and drives
a handsome sorrel in a pretty trap as


Mlle nuikes daily inspection of the work
under her charge. She wyon a premium
driving this horse. Stanhope, otherwise
known as "Rags." at the St. Louis
horse show.-St. Louis Globe-Demo-
crat.

What to do in Emergencies.
If a woman's dress is suddenly en.
velopedl in flames, instead of running
to ler. or out of tie house. speaks dis-
tinctly and conlniandingly: "Lie
down and roll over!" Meantime rip iup
the carpet, or drag off a bed-blanket,
throw it over the person, and proceed
to wrap her up closely in it: this is a
morIe certain and speedy extinguisher
Ihlan water, is more accessible, and en-
t:'*ely sal'f to the person giving aid.
If a man faints away. instead of
yelling out like a savage, or running
to himn to lift him up. lay him down at
full length on his back on the floor,
loosely the clothing. push the crowd
;aw;ly so as to allow the air to reach
him. and let hinm alone. Dashing wa-
ter over a liersonl in a simple fainting-
lit.is a barbarity. and soils the cloth-
ing luinecessarily. Tlic philosophy of
;I fainting-fit is. the heart fails to send
tlhe proper supply of blood to the brain;
if the person is erect, that blood has
to ble thrown upi hill, but if lying down.
it las to lie projected horizontally,
which requires less power.
If a person swallows a poison, delib
oralely or by chance instead of break-
ing out ill mlnltitudinous and incoher-
enl exclan1ations. dispatch some one
I'or a doctor. meanwhile, run to the
kitchen, get half a glass of water ill
:imything tliat is handy, put into it a
;easlpoonfll of salt. and as much
-rountd mnsta:rd stir it an instant,
i-atch a firmn hold of the person's nose,
hie lmioUrli will soon fly open. then
ilown witn the mixture, and in a second
or two iiup will coile tile Inpison. This
will answer in a larger number or
cases tlani any other. If by this time
the physician has not arrived, make
the patient swallow the white of an
egg. followed by a cup of strong cof-


fee. because these nullify a larger num-
ber of poisons than any other ac.
cessible articles as antidotes for any
Imison remaining in the stomach.
If a limb or other part of the body
is severely cut. and the blood comes
out by spurts or jerks, per saltem, as
doctors say, be in a hurry, or the man
will be dead in five minutes; there is
no time to talk or send for a physician;
say nothing, out with your handker-
chief, throw it around the limb, tie the
two ends together. put a stick through
them, twist it around, tighter and
tighter. until the blood ceases to flow.
But stop, it does no good. Why? Be-
cause only a severed artery throws out
blood in jets. and the arteries get their
blood from tile heart: hence to stop
the flow. the remedy must be applied
Iwtween tile heart and the wounded
spot-in other words, above the wound.
If a vein had been severed the blood
would have flowed in a regular stream,
and slowly and, on the other hand, the
tie should be applied below the wound,
or on tile other side of the wound from
the heart. because the blood in the
veins flows towards the heart, and
there is no need of such great hurry.-
National Educator.


9*
Uses of the Lemon.
Sick headaches may often liw cured
by taking half lthe juice of one lemon
ill a teacnpful of strong black coffee.
Headaches from biliousness or torpid
liver sometimes yield to the simple
treatment of half a lemon squeezed in-
to a cup of hot water without sugar,
taken night and morning.
Lemon juice and sugar mixed very
thick furnish a common household
remedy for coughs and colds. Hot
lemionade is also good. but the very
best form inl which the lemon can be
used for snch cases is tile following.
'ut a good sized lemon in the oven
and let it rellinl until thoroughly
baked. It will then be soft all
through. Take it out and add enough
sugar or honey-hloney is preferable-
to make a thick syrup with the juice.
Keep this warnl and take a teaspoon-
fill every few minutes.
'When you make a hot lemonade for
a cold remember that glycerine in-
stead of stugar will make the remedy
Illore valuable.
For feverishless and unnatural thirst
soften a lemon by rolling on a hard
surface, cut off the top. add sugar, and
work the sugar down into the lemon
with a fork. Then slowly suck the
letlon.
Lemons in almost any form have a
beneficial effect in cases of rheuuma-
tismi, and are recommended by doctors.
As a remedy for an obstinate corn
bind a piece of lemon upon it. renew-
ing every morning for three or four
days. Then the corn will be easily re-
moved. Bread crumbs soaked with
lenonl juice may be used for the same
purpose. IRubbing with pieces of the
leinon will relieve sore and tender feet.
C'lilldains can be cured by rubbing
with sliced lemon that has been spring
led with salt.
Tlhe chapping of the hands by ex-
piosure to heat or from hot soausuds
may lie prevented by rubbing with lem-
oil juice: and with salt. lemon juice
will remove iron rust and nearly all
vegetable stains.-Home and Farm.
4 -
Waxed Boe.
A process for the preservation of fish
roe that is followed in Greece, has
tbeen introduced with success in this
country by a Greek who makes Sav-
ann.ah his headquarters. He is Eli
Vitruki, who conducts a business in
wines and liquors on Barnard street.
Mr. Veruki, however has important
fishery interests, and his packing hous-
es are among the largest at Sarasota.
111Ha. There lie packs salt mullet, mixed
fish, salt roe, dried and waxed roe.
Waxed roe is the specialty of Mr.
Veruki's that lie introduced from his
native land. The roe is taken from
Imullet, which are caught in abund-
ance on the Florida gulf coast. It is
dipped In melted wax which cakes up-
on the roe while drying, rendering it
absolutely impervious to germs of de-
cay. Tiloeroe continues freslh and in as
goAod condition as when it was first
taken from the fish. It is made ready


'or cooking by simply stripping off the
wax which peels readily.
Some of the roe that Is so prepared
by Mr. Veruki is sold In Savannah and
other cities in this country, the price
Ier pound at retail being from fifty to
sixty cents. People using the wax
roe he says, may be assured of its per-
fect cleanliness, as only they them-
selves handle it, the handling it re-
ceives from others being of the wax,
rather than the roe.
Several shipments of the wax roe
abroad have been made by Mr. Veruki,
and it has brought him more than $2
a pound. He has shipped to England,
to Greece, to Constantinople and ,to
Egypt. So far as be knows he Is the
only fish dealer in this country who
employs the process. His shipments
abroad are made through this port.-
Savannah News.
The United States now has a larger
pIoltlation than any European coun-
try except Russia; and the average of
our wealth and productive capacity
carries us far beyond that kingdom in
real greatness. Germany, among the
European countries, comes next to the
United States, but it can show only a
population of 52,279,901, or about two-
thirds of our total. In area the Unit-
ed States, with its new possessions, is
about as large as all Europe. In
wealth it is the- richest nation the
world has ever known.-From Satur.
day Evening Post.
4
Ilow Princes are Punished.
That there is no whipping boy in Germany
was evinced one day when the empress sent her
eldest son, the future emperor, from the table
on account of his rudeness. The prince, it ap-
pears, was unmannerly to a younger brother
and the empress, turning to the French tutor
who on that occasion had charge of the princes.
said:
"Monsieur, I beg that you will ask me to ex-
cus his royal highness, the prince."
The tutor begged that the prince be excused,
and that young gentleman was forced to leave
the table without finishing his meal. It is well
known that the royal boys of Germany have to
grin and bear many a sound flogging admin-
istered by the imperial hand, along with a vast
deal of discipline from governors, tutors, et
cetera.
A different state of affairs this from the time
when a boy was kept to be punished instead
of a prince. In England such a youth was
called the whipping oy, and a famous Eng-
lish artist. W. A. Stacey, painted a portrait of
Prince Edward, afterward Edward VI, trying
to defend his whipping boy from a flogging
which he himself deserved.
In those days a prince who was to be a king
was looked upon and treated as a person ot
great importance. His person was held to be
sacred and so it would never have done to pun-
ish him. If an English prince missed his les-
sons, was rude to his teachers or committed
any of the other naughty tricks common to
naughty children, his whipping boy was flogg-
ed. In Stacey's picture the prince's governess,
an old woman is represented to be about to
flog with a formidable bundle of switches the
little whipping boy, who, with hat in hand, ap-
pears astonished when the prince, rushing up,
seizes the bundle of switches.
On that occasion Prince Edward had not only
refused to learn his lessons, but had persisted
in teasing his old governess, to such a degree
that she was finally forced to resort to the ex-
tremity of punishing his whipping boy. The
name of the lad who took Edward VI's
flogging for him was Barnabas Fitzpatrick and
it is said that he and the prince were lifelong
friends. The painting represents the last flog-
zing which he was compelled to take for the
royal child who was so impressed by the in
justice of the practice that he ever afterward
behaved himself so well as to leave no excuse
for punishment.-Ex.


40J0V0WA&AE*






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 27
POWZdEBYe." 1117 D3 PART- should le covered, not less than six ARE YOU MAKIN MONEY?
I BT. inches deep. with coarse litter andU MAKIN. MONEY?
'All cbmnmunications or enquiries for this de- all grain food should be thrown into ML w*hl kcanlmdth^O~ETII f rll LlT i w t
partm nt should be addressed to that and the birds compelled to work "J 5" -dt"lS''-".li .B
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, or scratch for what they get. If fed a IsieM Osda at hlIM ll tsuras~sdC BsilmqL ,L f
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla. mash we have found just before roost-
ing time is the lwst time to feed it. It
Only a Hen's West. should ie fed from a shallow box or The Practical Westr Polty F r
B hOnly a Hen's n, k trough. large enough to give a place AND SIMPLE MARSHALL MO.
But who can make one and keep it for each fowl; if feed is thrown on the BARBED WIRE 4 months on trial 10c. Oihe yr. 25e.
in order? Is the question I thought of ground, mi'lch of it becomes trampled FENCE IE.
asking, but, of course, everybody into the dirt and wasted. It has been iFENC BLDE. tIt tells how to make poultry raising
would say anybody can, says M. L. said. "An idle mind is the devil's work- PRICE $a.oo profitable. It s l up to dalite. li pagek
rester in Poultry Supplement to the shop so keep the fowls at work V. SCHMELZ, senr to da e seber t ll quid Aluinu l
"arine B r or." pIer for 75 cts per gallon. AlumInum 1or
Wen let us see. Do through the day time in the scratching- SylvanLake, Fla bands for poultry, 1 doz.. ota; 25 for
Well, let us ee. Do yor hens shed al they will not have time toar."
trample and break the eggs in the nest, for these habits; and to hel e estatee Am. Int. air."
or tramp on and kill the chicks after see that they are supplied witl those HENS' TEETH O,0,S
they hatch? If the hen does in three foods that nature has intended they For TLf SHELLS
cases out of four, t is the fault of te should have, oth animal a veet- To properly digest its food the fowl
shape of the nest. The nest is too dee ; able. Egg-eiting very often is started Fruit Crow ers must have grit. What teeth are to the
and as the hen cannot well get on her yl accident. Many persons are in the human being grit is to the fowl. We
nest without putting her foot or feet hialuit of placing an egg in the nest, as can now furnish ground oyster shells,
on the eggs first, she breaks or crushes a nest-egg under the impression that Ifrom freshly opened oysters, from
tightly to the bottom of a deep nest and nest. In te course of tie this egg e- screened, to supply this grt wh
cannot slide sideways and let the tliden's coes spoiled :i the shell rots and is o lacking in nearly all parts of J lorid
feet or toes down between the eggs, easily broken when thie len steps on figure. s tGoods very inferior to ours and frll
and, therefore, the eggs receive the it: she eats it: likes it. and very soon ISECT11CIDES of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
-whole weight of the hen. Where one forns the Ihait of peeking at every Arsenate Lime. Par-D Green, Arenite $1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
presses against the other the shell gives egg sie sees. If a nest-egg is used it Whale Oil Sosa 'erosee E]ul- offer nt at
way and the egg breaks and besmears shouldt be one made of plaster or gha ss, s nd for prices. Xabl'.rl 100 Ib bag, 75c. f. o. b. JaNksonville.
several of the other eggs, so it comes which is not liable to break. Another 1. S. POWELL & SS.S E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jaclsonville,
still nore difficult for them to slide or -way in which the habit is formed is by W aPOW .eetc. Prc
toll easily, throwing out the egg shells used -in the moManufactures of Hh G e



a very deep amount of hay, say two or from he nest several times a day the tre Now y ot strike Py SUMMIT-
If the hen s fortunate enough to lay household This should never be done tlizmers and dealers in all kinds of F c.r
her eggs in a deep nest and set on them unless, they are crseand ed out of .alo res-ry-
until they Iatch without breaking or thelndau to anl egg. A lien, when in FOU e as its advant d utilizing Materials.
smearing t hat toe heyn enters from oe e so that it will not o t be n ecessar advantages. I would not advise the range and Kum Qat
hatch, she will usually tramp on and o f verl iens t crwill snetinees ry a w a w saNursery Stock.
kill a part of the chicks after they are telo a I est iand co l sier t cratcling in ltry farm to qt the faithful henad Ns f
hatched, the nest ma trial; if t thereha ppiens to 1for te Belgian arebt I f y b- Iy Treess anre uts forseed and
A very good wa tho ake a n'g le at egg there she breaks it, eats it the former is equy proitale orj5 and et
Snest, and the one I usually adopt, i to a i nd the next day looks for more. To a r capital to start i t Trees, Theubs, etc. Prisa
make the nest perfectly flat with not avoid this tlul i eggs should he removed y wll to be uleacd
three inches under it. The weight of nests should l Iuk. ilt up from the nledium The Belgian hare enterprise is D.









ever been able to do. I scarcely ever R ural New Yorker a t dred dollars a pair; w while a cock and FS M IA L
the hen and eggs will make depression ground, not overly large and faced froi m doubtlss a paying one, but, like every-
enongh. When I make the nest in a the light, and there should be plenty of thing else, has its advantages and dis-
box or barrel that the lien enters from tllen, so tlit it will not be lleces. ar advantages. I would not advise the iTOBAC
the top. I want it level full of hay, so for several hens to crowd into one nest- poultryman with a well-established
t hat those hen can slip gently down on Ix. It is nuch easier to prevent the poultry farm to uit the faithful hen If your fowls are troubled with le
the edge oft the nest and not jun p formation of these lbits than it is to for thie Belgian hare, but I firmly be- ger, n
downs and break the eggs ,n correct them after they are formed, and lieve the former is equally profitable i gre r groes t$s1.25 and wget h0
In cwase I use a box I usually tra n a large majority of cases the ax will To the amateur I would say: You will fuit pnow Wl guarantee tba o ps uar
the nesting n with m foot to ake it h finound the only remedy. and eusuallo need a larger capital to start in the-
so solid that the weight of the en will the sooner it i applied the better; for Belgian are business than you will nt t ea .
not cause the nest to get deeper and like a contagious disease, unless check- in the poultry, for thorough-breds land tamp for sample.- 0. Painter & Co.,
deeper, which tt will always do to some ed in its first stages it soon impregnates you should not commene on any other Jacksonville, Fla.
extent in spite of everything I have tilhe whole flock.--F. V. Chapman in kind), range from twenty to one hun-
ever been able to do. I scarcely ever Rural New Yorker. dred dollars a pair; while a cock and O SALE
make a nest, even though it be flat, itwo hens--well you ought to get three
but I find it necessary to level it up or tehe Garden and the Heneas. very good irds for nten or twelve dol- AT A
down before the hen hatches, either If the garden is not fenced in and lars. The hlen does not propagate as Specal
from Its settling under the weight of the hens have an inclination to scratch 'apidly as the Belgian hare, but, then, peca arg
the hen and eggs or from the persist- out all the early vegetables t can be there are her eggs to count on whileS E S
ent habit some hens have of searching prevented without fencing the garden her young cc''kerels caponized are of no ON EASY TERMS.
as far out as they can and getting the or keeping their fowls shut up or by ean consideration or importance; then Several fine bearing orange and
nesting, a straw at a time, and building clubbing them out every time they are of course, too. her pullets bring in a grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
Swall up around their bodies observed to be scratching there. Spade goodly sum. On the other hand the Bel- fruit now. Will guarantee tem to pay
To keep a nest in order I find it nec- tip a nice bed near he henhouse on giant hare propagates very ra dly and fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
essary to watch it every day. Keep it the shade and another in the sun, o the young are very toothsome, while vestment this year.
ust barely shallow enough so that the the liens (.an take their choice accord- the pelts are converted into capes and Lyle o r
eggs will not roll away from the hen. ing to the kind f (lay they have for op- einff g aesignte Cl. ctric sal. The. o...Ba.
When the eggs begin to hatch I begin eratios Rake it deown nicely and it psentnedo more intelligent feeding than
to pnll the nesting away from the hen ill be so inviting as a nc ittle ig place e'r ri ame anliyetwe hll I e should like
and by the time she is through hatch- for the heiis thiat they will endeavor to our friends aqsd contemporaries to take
g I usually have all the nesting away dig up the entire earth at this point this matter indler discussion mWhiht de- Ang
from her, so the little chicks can easl If thy are inclined to want soitleting a mnd. in th timore ra intan atle the
Igt arseems to supp the want It i e gaeen it ma te well to sow ad few ots tenants or t faithful lie P E CE I E STIC
hen's net.- t Selested, to pt an enda s were they in tying to ff'. armn and Poultry c re iet a comm l c s
ir ti a lti isodon'tstapieoely euwotopandoneboeom wir
o d HabitS of 'howlss w them uas they com he through ethe a a and as pe y ee esto ker.
Fnowls like human cingos are addict- gro und l A garden is so inviting that Er-GOVERu O OF MISSISSIPPI Ptat WOVr Ws L flIvyeFCga Will sn rNI
crowded too many tot if o mthe1 wtillt agnd seeter te annot resist the tempi- TEhSTIFIES TO THE MERITS OF





have a yard. It may which once for have a knof tured feeling all s claimed for it, and I cheerily re- f At hoelace on u
hard to eet fr: en fd. the food this atiohl a ill no an is o quise as to SLOAN'S LINIMENT.le sufer w
allowed to e gorge theme lve without it w i the (Signed) Robert wry W.H. HA KELL.
worst of these are egg-eating for whi arh re n.-oire tl different Fare between a de- Ex-Gackson Miss. Mayssss 5, ipp00. Tk.
the poultry keeper is ver often more eto y garden ans he "eal thingg" W DrH Earl Sloan, Boston, Mass., lat
blame than the fowls. As a rule. these hav e see liens that were so industrious Dear Sir:--Some months since your JESEg MARDEl
vices prevail among fowlo in confne- that they would almost stay awake traveling agent Col. J. L. Collins, e.r a. Chart.
meant. and indicate that something is nights in order to scratch up all lthe presented to me a few sample bottles
lackide pn inthe da atio which t hy cn e early garden. A nice little Ied was of your liniment, insisting that I giveDA
fowls crave, and n seeking to stify sped p near te poultry house and it a fair trial when occasion might de- Grapefuit, Tangeri,
the appetite they begin the vice. and as a few sticks stuck abont it. leaving a mand. Since that time several instan- Satsuma, Tardiffand
It seems to supply the want It is con- few gaps in the stick fence and the ces with tenants on my plantation re-
tinned until the habit is formed, which fowls almost forgot to go to roost at quiring a remedy of this kind turned Enterprise Seedless.
it is next to impossible to put an end all. so intent were they in trying to tip. mnl must say with candor it act- The best commercial citrus fruits.
to. Sometimes we find the poultry con- keep tip their record. The result was ed like a charm and was perfectly Three kinds on each stock. Well cared
fined in very small and close quarters, better health, more eggs. fewer lice. marvelous in its effects. I am sure that for past five years. Will soon fruit
crowded too many together: if they better and sweeter temper in the house it is a remedy that fully merits all that if protected. 50 or more of such trees
have a yard. it may wbe paved or have and a kind of good nature feeling a:ll is claimed for it, and I cheerfully re- for sale. At home place on South
a cement floor when fed. the food is arounl. This will fool an old hen quite commend it to all people suffering with Boulevard. DeLand; Fla.
dumped in a pile, and the fowls are often It may not fool all of them, but ally complaint requiring antiseptic.
allowed to gorge themselves. without it will go a great way in saving the (Signed) Robert Lowry, W. H. H4ASKELL.
effort and naturally they become lazy. garden.--)rff's Farn and Poultry Re- Ex-Governor of Mississippi.
sluggish and In this condition ready view. -SEEDSI ,DLS Seeds!
for any mischief. To prevent feather- ar s h S e
eating we would suggest that not more Belgian Hares vs. The Faithul Hen. S E
than a dozen fowls be kept in one flock. The Belgian hare "fad" has Ibeen Vegetable, (Garden and Flower.
They should have a good. dry. earthen thoroughly discu1essed lately. some pilb-
floor in the scratching-shed, and an oult- libations ndvotcatilg till' graceful little ,in, Sedortaog. Sot
side pen into which they can be turned anlnial in the mowst glowing terms, CHAS. RAYMOND, .i
in good weather. The floor of the shed others going almost to the other ex- AS. RAYMOND






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


SIA'S DOUGHNUTS

ly, who's going to write the
y?" Grandma Donne's quav-
' lighi-keyed voice floated down to
Cord fa from the vine-shaded porch,
as soon as she opened the garden gate.
"Lauretta Trull. You didn't think
it was me. grandma?"
Cordelia was not even grammatical.
Her lapses mortified Arvilla; Arvilla
was her sister, who taught English lit-
erature and French in the Spirea Fe-
male Seminary.
Cordelia's tone was light and gay;
she switched her skirts over the bor-
der pinks andl almost tipped over the
spider lily in its pot on the steps.
"Eber Phillips is the -class historian.
and Lily Iaggett is class poet." she
added, with her young, flushed
face upturned to Grandma Doane's
wrinkled, keen-eyed old one.
Grandma Doane's Boston rocking-
chair swung vigorously, and her knit-
ting needles clicked sharply.
"There's never ieen one of our fam-
ily graduated at the academy before
without speaking a piece and having
their name in the paper." she said,
Iuskily. "'John was first in his class.
and was the poet. The ministers on
the platform shook hands with him
when he got through reading his piece.
Arvilla was the valedictorian. and she
made folks laugh and cry. And after-
ward 'twas printed in the paper. 1
sent three copies out West to your un-
cle Amos' folks. When your cousin
Ruthy Ellen gradualted she played, two
pieces and sung and folks threw bou-
iquets to her. And her name was in
thle paper."
Cordelia, with averted face. played
with a tendril of the hop-ville.
"And my name will only be in the
List of graduates," slIe said. lightly.
"But. grandma,. it will lIe almost at
thle head of the list!"
"Will it? Will it?" said grandlna.
eagerly: andl rocking and knitting came
to a full sto!.
Thl girl turned a mischievous face;
grandina's ears were too) dull to hear
the thrill in her voice that told hlow
near were her tears.
"It begins will a D. 'you know. grand-
Ina; the list is arranged alphabetical-
ly !"
Shie whisked off witlh a gleeful little
laugh, and grandma groanelLd
"She's the first one of our family
that didn't want ro lIe sonlehbody." said
grandma to herself despairingly. "She
hasn't a mite of i>ride-not one mite.
All site wants is to scrllb un and do
a making. and tllt's all she ever will
do!"
Grandmna's niurinur hlad reached
(ordelia's mother's shlarll ears, as she
moved briskly ailout the kitchen, and
Iltad brought a vivid color to lier high
cheek-hlones.
"I don't know as I expected that all
lmy children would Ibe is smart ias
John and Arvilla," she said, with a
touch of shlarlness in her tone. Ev-
ery one knew thllt Mrs. Orpha Doane
was a very ambilitious wollan, whose
heart was set upon liher children's ,suc.
cess in life. "Cordelia is a good girl.
if she isn't as silinrt as some0 Anll
she lhas 1 ade over lher old white mus-
lin for a gradlllting dress so that it
looks real stylish. It goes way ahead
of anything that Miss Fillori (ouldl
do."
"She night appl)l)entiet herself to Miss
Flillori." said graindna, sarcastically.
lGrimllIa dild not think that dresslnak-
ing was good0 enough for any of "out
folks." Cordelia's another set her lips
tightly allout together tnd stepped
Imore heavily ihouilt: silence was the
only art she knew when it came to
"getting along" with grandma. But the
girl's voice called -gaily froi tile sitting
rooln-galiy. yet witl a purposeful
ring. as well:
"I have thought of it. grandma.
Sometimes I believe I have it in me.
But it takes real gellills to Ie a dress-
maker nowadays. Besides. Miss Fil-
lori wouldn't have ime. She has her
niece."
A moment after. tile sitting room
door closed sharply and there was a
rush 1p tlie back stairs. It did not in-


terrupt grandma's grumbling monolo-
gue about girls who had no proper
pride and would turn out like Deborah
Gilkey. who married the hired man.
Ali hour after, Cordelia, prone upon
her bed, raised a flushed and tear-
stained face from the pillow at the
sound of her mother's voice.
"Cordelia, I wish you'd come down
and make a batch of your doughnuts.
The Suntazy minister and his new wife
are sure to stop on their way home
from conference; and he sets so much
by your doughnuts. because they are
tle only ones that lie can eat. And the
plum-cake is getting kind of dry."
Cordelia bathed her face and put on
her long-sleeved apron mechanically.
"If I do say it. there's nobody that
can make doughnuts like Cordelia,"
her mother was saying when she en-
tered the kitchen. "I don't know how
'tis. lunt I can't make them myself so
they don't soak the least mite of fat.
no more 'n if they never had seen a
frying-pan, and are most as light as
sponge-cake. Seems as if cooking
ca(ine by nature to some. Don't you re-
member how the stated supply that
stopped here said your doughnuts cur-
ed himi of dyspepsia. Cordelia?"
There was scarcely any intention of
praise ill these remarks of Mrs. Done.
or of refutation of grandma's asper-
sions. Culinary skill was not very
highly regarded in Oronoco; mothers
were ambitious to have their daught-
ers acquire "accomplishments." rather
than housewifely skill. And this was
especially true of the Doane family.
Mrs. IDoane was thinking of her nros-
l-'etive guests, and the pleasure of hav-
ing something nice for supper, rather
than of celebrating her youngest
daughter's ability as a cook. But
grandlia called oulit. shrilly:
"Sh11 needn't think it is any feather
in her call! Anybody cn;ll make a good
nl'(ess of fried makes. Of couIrse aly-
bIody could.
Cordelia felt only a little bitter scorn
of her skill in doughnut-inaking as she
bright ot lthe frying-basKit.
"IDelicious! I should like to have
In'ople who object to fried things taste
these." said the new wife of the Scut-
azy minister. "If I were )only keening
house, I should beg you to give ime
the recipe -0. Miss Doane. I wish you
would senil it to thle K. (ity Eagle! My
rotlher is one of the editors, and lie
is distracted with thle Woman's Page.
.\ great deal is 1made of the culinary
department, and people will send such
unreli;iale recipes. Prizes have been
lffer(ed for tlle Iest family menus, and
one or two that have been sent in are
lpublislhed daily, a(compal nied by the re-
cipes. Then follows an avalanche of
correspondence and a great number of
visitors, complaining that the recipes
arle ullnsatisfactory. The editors are
very anxious to get recipes that have
Ieen tried andl are really valuable. be-
Iise' the Womlltan's Page. and especially
the culinary department. is becoming
,Ilite a feature of the paperr"
"I should have a chance of getting
my lanl' into t ihe allper. shouldn't I.
gr;aidllla'?" 'aid C(ordelia, llischievous-
ly.
"Doughnluts ('Cat's foot!" said grand-
i na. vwho was tno respecter of persons,
'even of the Scutaz:y minister's new
wife.
"I tlink I will ask you to give ime
S'he recipe, at ll :events." said the lnin-
'stlr's wife. sincee I hope to go to
1'"mys'l-epping next year."
('orielhii wrote out the recilte, ac-
ordingly in hler very I)(t hand1. on ai
* lheet of the dainty French paper which
S-lie had used for the graduation essay
I which li:d not been found worthy of
Sa reading: and thle minister's wife made
I lIr husband put it carefully into his
"' erlnon-c(ase.
The next day: Cordelia wrote out re-
I 4ipcs of all tlhe things tliat. as her
limtlhi.r said. she niade better tlian any-
1ody else, in a neat little hook. But
le hall too niuchl on her mind to think
!lm-h borholll r cloking, and she did not
believe that the city editor could really
want her receive for doughnuts.
It was but scanty comfort to wear
the prettiest dress ill tile hall. even if
one had cut and made it with one's
own hands, while one was oppressed


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by the mortifying consciousness that with any other recipes of equal rella-
shle was the first Doane to be graduat- hility that she might have?
ed without a ipart and prospects. (ordelia read the letter aloud to the
Arvilla. when she was graduated, had f:imily. Arvilla and John were at
already received her appointment to home and Ruthy Ellen was visiting
ach-l in the Spirea Seminary. John them.
hadl passed his entrance examination "lThe queer part is that I didn't send
to, college with great triumph, and the recipe!" she said, with a bewild-
Cou::in Itutlhy Ellen had been offered a ered look. "I didn't think that a
salary to sing in a Kansas City church. Idoghnlnt recipe was worth the while.
)Old Mrs. Keeper, down io the shore: And I didn't want grandma to be any
had offered Cordelia two dollars and a Io""re aslhanled of me than she is. The
half a week to keen house for her; Scutazy minister's wife must have
that was her only opportunity! She selit it. I shouldn't think she would
said shie didn't know but she should have c'ailed it 'Cordella's doughnutsr"
a.ic-clpt thel offer. although grandma Cordelia was blushing brilliantly; she
weplt that one of her posterity should scarcely knew herself, whether it was
think (of being a "hired girl." with pride or shame.
"WVhat should she have called it?"
'lcdi'la was nort needed at home. -ried grandma, shrilly. "Maybe you
She said she could be contented en- would have liked to have it printed
Im) h if she w eor : shl,. k mow site wasn't
null if she were: she knew she wasn't out. "Mlis Doane's doughnuts!' Your
tio like the others but she grandfather had a church named at-
wasn'it going to just "'hang on"--es- ter him. and your great uncle had a
l really as they had Ieen obliged to library! I ain't going to have the name
s-,ll a woodlot to get along every year of Inne in the paper long o' dough-
hlle thcti-" father di(4l. It was not
e- ther father Smartied. It ws not nuts! Land! Who can't make a
-e.-,ssary to ibe smart in order to un- Iatclh of doughnuts! Marily Jepson,
olerstaild thliat before long there would atch of doughnuts! Marily Jepson.
not ib :>ny woodlots to sell. over to the Falls, has got a olece of
l oety in the paper with her name
4lrandina wept. but said she didn't printed out over it! And Jepsods nev-
explect anybody wouldd get the better er were anybody, since the world be-
o>f Cordelia's clhin-which was indeed gal!"
*I slunareI ;lrdl large'-oned little member, "The Eagle is welcome to my whole
betokening a strong will. One day Te Ele w e to m
rda scoredculiar skill rie-ook, if it wants It. But I
Sgrl sdiel hon Cordelia's rl recipe shouldn't have sent them the doughnut
slyly seized Un C'ordelia's recipe rile" said Cordelia.
,ook anld e.;,irried it to her own room; r(e sai Co a.
:I la Ite into tile niglt her lainp burn. Grallnlma raised herself suddenly to
ed- ;' w\llly Ilprecedented thing, as her full height-it wasn't much; she
was shown Ity the excited nt of the was hilt a tiny old woman-and her
bi,0-l in the old elni tree just outside little black eyes snapped.
1 -. window-while she copied, toil- "No. you wouldn't have! You haven't
? tIly. in her cramped, old-fashioned got sense enough. Cordilly Doane!"
'and. slhe cried. in her thin, Quavering old
oinl d :I(.Ialliy exhibition. (ordelia received Mrs. Donne. in the background, shook
:i 'otter front an associate editor of the her head at Cordelia. One had to "get
K. ('i'y Eagle. tliankine her for the re- along" diplomatically with grandma.
c.ipe that sle had sent them. "Cor- Cordelia did send her reeloe-book to
ilelia's IDoughlnuts" had been very high- the K. City Eagle the very next day.
ly pirnise.d, he wrote. A man had come and with it the directions for making
in :1 week after the recipe was printed, over an old silk dress in a novel and
to say that his wife liad lost it and he effective way that she had discovered,
"'lisr Iiave nllotlher copy of the uaner. and for making a window-seat, ask she
Tlis w.vonll'l hlad told so many of her lad made one for her room out of ma.
i-ll-hhiors of the remarkable excellence trials that no one would have thought
of tlh rteci')e that tihe demands had a!- of using. She said those were things
,"is: forced tlhei to print another edi- that she really did know how to do,
ioin of the paper that contained it! and if that distracted editor, the min-
Wioildl Miss Poane kindly favor him iser's wife's brother, could find a use









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 20

for them In his Woman's Page, he was tree. It is a great blessing to rich peo-
quite welcome, pie, too, but very few of these can
A week or two later she packed her spare tile time to think of that, and
trunk and set out, in Jeremy Pine's feel grateful. T *f $*0
farm wagon, sitting on her trunk be- Suddenly Fred got up, went over to
cause Jeremy calculated the seat might the old bureau with its crackled glass, trd von must have to make a garden, and the AGRICULTURIST you sh)un d have to be a
slump in with two on it, to keep house combed his hair, then put on his sucesstul gardner. You can get them both at the price o0 one. Send us one new subcrt.ber
for old Mrs. Keever, on the shore road. threadbare coat and shabby, old hat, and $2 and we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of
Grandma wept again at the spectacle, and went out in the frosty street. IFF BROT
but she said she "expected Cordilly "Frederick Helms, you are all of G I FFING BROTH ERS.
was just what the Lord meant her to twelve years old," he informed himself, Beans, Extra Early Red Valen- Egg Plant, Grifling's Improved
be when He gave her that chin." speaking out loud. "It is time you tine ................. .10 Thornless.. ........ .. .10
Jeremy ine stopped at the postoffice, helped to make a living. Here you New Stringless Green Lettuce. Big Boston.......... .5
on the way and brought a letter out to have been, staying with the old folks Pod.................. .10 Onions, Red Bermuda...... .. .. .10
Cordelia. She finished reading it for ever since you were a baby, and not Dwarf German Black Griffing's White Wax.. .. .10
the third time, and pinched herself to one bit of use have you been. Wake Wax ................ 10 Peas, Alaska .................10
be certain that she was Cordelia up, you great lazy imp, and find some Burpees Large Bush Li- Champion of England.... .10
Doane, just as Jeremy turned into the work to do." ma ................ .10 Peppers, Long Cayenne.... .......5
shore road. Then she astonished her After scolding himself thus for sever- Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ... .. .5 Ruby King.......... 5
driver by jumping out and asking him al minutes, he went into first one place Imperial Blood Red Tur- Radishes, Wonderful .......... 5
to tell old Mrs. Keever that she must of business, and then another, but no- nip ....... ............ 5 GritBing's Early Scar-
hire Martha Jellison if she didn't hear body seemed to have anything for him Cabbage, Select Early Jersey let .... .. .......... 5
from her within three days, and to to do. Still he plodded bravely on, de- Wakefield ...... .... .5 Earley Scarlet Erfurt.... .5
store her trunk in his barn until she termined to try them all. Early Summer.......... .5 Tomatoes, Beauty............ .
sent for it. Then she ran as fast as The short morning was already over, Gritfing's Succession .... .5 Money Maker........ .. .5
she could to the railroad station and tie dinner hour was past, and Fred Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10 Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.... .5
Jumped upon the K. City train just as was ieginninig to feel a trifle hungry, Celery, Golden Self Blanching.... .10 Pomeranian White Globe
the engine shrieked, when lie saw a wee mite of a girl in Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5 .................... .5
In the cars she read the letter over line clothes, toddling along the side- Long Green Turkish.... .5 Rut Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede.... .5
again. It was from the same editor walk, jabbering as she went. Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURST, Jacksonville. Fla.
who had thanked her for "Cordelia's "1'se doing' to Aunt Mary's house,"
doughnuts." He now asked her to call she said, looking at her slippered feet.
at his office. The Eagle was seeking "Miama is doned away, and nurse tant
an editor for its Woman's Page. Her tine me, tause she finks I'se up stairs. 6 XXX RO ERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
domestic abilities, and also her cana- 0, what a petly wose!" And she in.
city for writing descriptions in terse nocently stooped to pick up a wither- (Given aS a Premium for One New Subscriber.
and simple English-think how one ed, red rose, which somebody had let
could crow over grandma with that!-- fall.
together with what his sister had told "Hello! midget, been running' away,
him of her, led him to think that she have you.'" cried Fred, with true boy-
might acceptably fill the position! brusqueness approaching the tiny
Cordelia went and saw and conquer- stranger.
ed-of course, since she was just the NMidget sat flat down on the pave-
right person for the place, and the edi- Inent, and began to cry. "Tell me
tor was a man of discrimination. habt ere you live, and I will carry you Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
"l'here's one very queer thing about homee" said Fred in coaxing tones,
it," said Cordelia. in the bosom of her kneeling by tile little one's side. we will send tile above premium postpaid. Remember the
family, when the chorus of congratu- Trying to choke her sobs, she man-
Iation had begun to wear a little thin. aged to make him understand where spoons are first-class XXX plate, Address,
"I stopped at Seutazy to thank the mmin- e belo
sister's wife, and she said she didn't se belonged. FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
send the recipe She meant to, but for- "Oh, yes, you want to go to your pa-
got it. She had been ill with a fever paV! No- don't you, though?" cried Jacksonville ,FkA.
and it was one of the things that wor- Fred eagerly, for he had just thought --
ried her in her delirium, that she hadn't of one the lawyer's office, where he thle cla brown hands, and well-comb- it. That dollar was the first he ever
sent that recipe. But she must have might get a job of work. ed hair, all made a good impression, owned, and the prospect of earning
sent it and then forgotten it!" Tl'e baby f;ace cleared instantly, and "what sort of work can you do?" he another in four days seemed like the
A grim little chuckle came from she set out to lead the way-in the asked. hest good fortune to this simple child
grandma's corner, but no one observed wrong direction. "Anything you want done, sir," an- of poverty.
it. Grandma was always making The boy took her up in his strong, sw-ered the boy promptly. What more is there to tell? 0, yes-
queer noises in her throat. young arnis, and almost ran along as "Suppose I want a typewriter?" Mr. the Thanksgiving dinner. Fred
"I always told you 'twas better to if he had quite forgotten that he was, rlridge asked, with a quizzical smile, thought there never was such another
have your name in the paper 'long to just a few minutes ago, real hungry. Fred blushed slightly at that, but feast. There was roast turkey, cran-
doughnuts than not to have it there tie was hopeful once more, of finding balanced himself quickly and boldly berry sauce, lots of stuffing and gravy
at all," she said unblushingly.-Sophia work to do, and it may be true-in- relied: with boiled eggs in it.
Swett in Waverly Magazine. deed, I ant afraid it is true-that he "- can learn that, too, sir." After this, I suppose we ought to be
counted on being rewarded for carry- "Good," said the lawyer, encourag- told, that Fred grew to manhood, mar-
LACING KAGGED SHOES. in the runaway back to her father. ingly." For the present, you may put ried his employer's daughter, and be-
S 'oor people very often have a real the office inl order, wnile 1 carry this came a partner in the law-practice of
hard time of it in this life, and some- little miss to her nurse.". And he Elbridge and Steward. But he did
"What are we going to have for times, they find it difficult to do a went out, leaving the strange boy in nothing of the sort. For a number of
Thanksgiving, Granny?" asked Fred, good act from purely unselfish mo- full possession. years lie was a kind of necessity in
as he thrust his sun-browned feet with ties. Fred was only a child, and if Fred looked about him, and soon the office, but he never thought of
their ragged stockings, into a pair of he looked forward to a reward found a broom. This he dinned in a making love to pretty Dana Elbridge.
equally ragged shoes, which he pro- for having done what was right, we tuil of water at the door, and then pro- She married a man of wealth, and went
needed to lace and tie as carefully as will not blame him, for we can not needed to sweep the floor, moving ev- East to live In a distant city, while
if they were not the least bit soiled or know how very often he has been hun- erything movable, till not a speck of Fred went West, where he purchased a
torn. "Granny, what are we going to gry, cold, or both at once. dirt was left. Next, he found a big large farm. He declared that there
have for dinner Thanksgiving day?" If rich people would be a little less feather duster, with which he dusted was nothing grander than raising corn
he asked again, speaking a little loud- haughty in their attitude toward the shelves and furniture, using bits of old and cows, potatoes and pigs, hay and
er. "Don't know, Fred," replied grand- poor, a little more considerate of their newspapers where a little scrubbing horse. He was not cut out for a law-
mother gloomily. "You know, times are feelings, more benevolently solicitous was needed. yer and had sense enough to know it.
hard and money scarce, for their general well-being, there When Mr. Elbridge returned, he We heard long afterwards that he
Fred had heard that last statement might lie less discontent among the found Fred sitting on the doorsteps in married a rich, old farmer's daughter,
so often that he was Beginning to won- poorer classes, less antipathy between the sun. The room was in perfect a young woman who it was said, was
der if the times ever would be other- capital and labor. But the wearers of shape. Not a thing on the big desk, not afraid to mount a mustang pony,
wise than hard, and if there ever "-purple and fine linen," too often for- had been displaced, not even the lot of and help the men pen the cattle when-
would be plenty of money in the house. get the Ihewers of wood and drawers of small coin left there on purpose. No ever such help was needed. For this,
He rested his chin on both hands, an water, while they trample under foot sign of meddlesome curiosity any- however, we offer no guarantee since
elbow on either knee, and for a long the simplest rights of those on whom where. it may not be true metal. And Fred
while sat gazing into the empty fire- they are dependent for the very lux- ..-" ere do you live," questioned the never suspected just how much of it
place. What was he thinking about? uries they enjoy. Fred deposited his all was due to the careful lacing of
Coal was high, and though the morn- burden at the entrance to a lawyer's wyer. h is ragged shoes, so many years ago.-
ings were cool, there was no fire in the office. "Two blocks from here, replied Texas Farmer.
grate. Grandmother Helms had told "uDoniie see papa! )ole see ppaa," lred, adding the explanatory state-
fred that he would have to go out in cried the little one, as the door was ien"t. "I live with my grandparents, READ THIS.
the sunshine to get himself warm. She thrown wide open, and a very much and I thought to help them make a There is a Sanitarium in Belleview,
was, even then, sitting with both her astonished man gathered her close to living." Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
feet on a low stool, where the sun- his bosom. "Very well," said Mr. Elbridge ap- of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
shine streamed In through the win- "Where did you find her?" asked the provingly. "You may come here every without the use of the knife. Write
dow. lawyer. "Over at Gibson's store, sir," morning for a month, and put the of- them a description of your case and
What a great blessing is the sun- Fred answered, then added quickly, "I fice in order. After that, I may give receive free books by return mall. Ad-
shine, to poor people in country and was there, hunting work to do." And you better paying work." dress,
in towns. It gives them warmth when he looked straight up at the kind face. "Thank you, sir," cried Fred, as he BELLEVIEW SANITARIUM,
there Is no fire; it purifies the atmos- of his questioner, took a shining dollar from the out- J. W. Thompson, M. D., Supt.
phere In their homes, and drives away Mr. Elbridge looked the boyish form stretched hand of his new-found Belleview, Fla.
sickness and disease; it makes the over, from head to foot. The tidy ap- friend, and before another word could *
lovely flowers bloom and sets the mer- pearance of the threadbare clothes, the he spoken, he was running as fast as Sharple's Cream Separators-Proit.
ry birds a singing on every bush and carefully laced, though ragged shoes,, ever he could, to tell granny all about able Dairying.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

THEJO. Farmers' Attention
yo hae a good time on your vaca-- For 14 Far ersAttention.
"Good time I've got to wear my o!d clothes erf w the SPECIAL SPRING GOODS. .
for two ye... -Ex. -kuxl --" SPECIAL SPRING GOODS.
Miss Slimmerhorn tells me that DeSmet is V | i ,a Set e .1
great on figures. Is he a college professor of Avery Garden Plows Acme Harrows
"No. ladies tailor."-Ex. i AX.lei-s. rtst .*I
ANN~ Aft GEORGIA STOCKS.
"So Irene has met her fate at last." north $1.00 EORIA STOCKS.
Indeed?" rA.d -SPRAYING OU veTFITSt
'Yes, it is fifty years old. bald-headed and ,01 ret |et e i"0
owns a grocery."--Indianapolis Press. Illustriej .sd Cuetlg, itela .11 aibae
Blse wr' BIIIIln ollar Gr's
Stuttering Employe (writing letter)-B-b-b-b- Als Chmc e eal.a e, 6e. ab.
boy, hand me a b-b-b-b-b-bl-bl-bl. Tetr with thtsdoIlha es t etge And ev, rything in grove and farm implements and supplies.
Office Boy-A blotter sir, do you wish?" tBbleud rM, sps spreIlpt ol4.
win 4 thl.l~c..a ....... yo- plat. Shipped to any station in Florida at low-
Stuttering Employe-- ever mind n-n--now; S Poultry Netting Shp'd to any station in Florida at low- Colu ia
the ink has d-d-d-d-dried.-Ex. INNE A.3a1tll1.kICE., Wh. W Mrwk est prices.
"A genius," writes a small boy. "is born first CHARTER OAK STOVES,
and raised afterward, but the worl' don't know CARRARA PAINT IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PUIPS.
he's a genius till somebody sprains their leg "Too bad, old man, about your wife running A A PA I I OIL AN P S.
by stumblin' over his grave."-Atlanta Constt- away." Write for Prices.
tution. "'Oh. it might have been worse. I wonder
that she did not take me along to look after C jOR GE H. .FERNALD, afford, la.
Little Willie-Say, pa, what's the street her trunks."-lndianapolis Press. .L .
cleaning department?
Pa-It's the place where they explain to the "Well, that is a yellow proceeding." ex-
the dissatisfaction of taxpayers why the streets claimed Mr. Blellefield to his wife.
are not cleaned.-Chicago Daily News. "\Vhat is?"
"Painting sparrows and selling them for can-
Mrs. lomeboddie-My husband says today's aries."- 'ittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph.
paper has a lot in it about the close of the t
London season. "lle said I was swanlike, I believe," said
-Mrs. Gloetrotte--ell, I don't wonder. Miss Rawkis. "Wasn't that gallant of him?"
They were horrible misfits.-New York "(h, I don't know," replied Miss Peppery.
Weekly. "It was while you were trying to sing that he
made the remark."--Exchange.
"And he stole the 'possum from you," said --- t r k
the judge. Fair One's Father-Why did you bring that s r l ders

in front er my do'."-Atlanta Constitution. pression of astonishment when I asked you
S tor your daughter's hand.-Fliegende Blatter.
Neerwander-I understand that the natives da ts
always showed an inclination to fly before our "Say, you," cried the victim in the crowded
troops trolley car, glaring up at the transgressor, "my
Bahagen.-Well, rather. Why, it was as easy feet are not made to stand on."
to run a Filipino as a newspaper.-Indianapolis "That's so," replied the other pleasantly.
News. "You don't need them for that while you've
"I fear nothing on earth said the cominggot a seat, do you"--Philadelphia Press. Prom F
woman. "Rats," shouted the irreverent. She "The room was torn up as if some terrible
paled perceptibly in a manner that made the struggle had taken place there."
roses of her checks stand out in violent con- "- ell, that does t necessarily imply deadly
trast.-Indianapolis Press. combat. Maybe some man was merely trying
to get into his last year's flannel underwear."
"Are you interestedd in this new theory that -Chicago Record.
the Chinese were the first to discover Amer-
ica?" "The fortune teller told me that some power-
Heraldg. "he yu Ysusptr banone? LA N T Ia Y STo.,
"Not, a bit, but I've got it in for the fellow ful influence was standing between me and
that first discovered the Chinese."-Times- success in life."
Herald. "I)o you suspect anyone?"
"I can't decide whether its our baby or the
Gas Man-Hello, Tom. W hat are you doing cook."--Chicago Record. The reat Th Oug n Car Line From Florid
these da s? The Througn Car Line
Pork acker-I'm in the meat business. What "I understand that you are a distant rela-
are you doing? tive of the wealthy Goldmans."
Gas Man-- go you one degree better. I'm "Y,,es.
in the meter business.-Exchange. "How distant?"
"As distant as they can keep me."-Phila- CONNECTIONS.
Dolly Dimples-Do you ever hear a curious delphia Record..
buzzing sound In your ears, Mr. Evergreen.
Mr. Evergreen-No, but sometimes I have They were out driving, and the young man
thought I heard something rattle inside. was holding the lines with one hand.
Dolly Dimples-Thank heaven. Perhaps "Sweetheart," he whispered as the moon THE ATLANTIC COAST LIE, via (harles o,
there's something in it after all.-Ohio State went behind a cloud, "I wish I had arms like--
Journal. like"- Richmond and Washington.
"Like Fitzsimmons?" she asked. To The
At breakfast the mistress observed the un- "No," he exclaimed; "like an octopus."
wanted demeanor of the maid-servant. Chcago Tribune. T SOUTHERN RAILWAY via Savannah, C
"Where is your customary assurance this i b
morning, Marie?" she asked. "Yes. its true," boasted Colonel Bragg, "l've lumbia and Washington.
"Oh, the policeman on the beat pinched my been in innumerable engagements and never via ll Hail
cheek last evening," replied the maid, looking lost my head."
shyly down.-Detroit Journal. "And I've been in hundreds of them." re-
"I wish to ask a question pertaining to the plied the Summer Girl, "and never lost my The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
gm laws," said he visitor to the queries pal
laws" said the visitor to the que The andsman-ell, I suppose the yacht- The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
editor. T ,. ihe noat stp ed i c umin n yo. f Via tuk TLAoTt TYOTR
"Ask on my friend." C w s n n is oveT. hTeS I Ta sTn Toet udsuwlu
"When is the open season for shooting n h ahtman -(h. I don't know the bills The Southera R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevd
stars?" have not stopped coming in yet--Puck Ohio R. R via ontgomery.
But before the editor could answer him he he no oe oin i Montgomery.
was gone.-Philadelphia Inquirer. "You don't seem to be very sorry about it."
remarked the Brooklyn citizen after the trolley
Witherby-Now, my dear. I shall be perfectly accident.
candid with you. I am going down to the club "No I ain't as nervous as I was," replied Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for e
tonight to play poker and have a high old the motorman, "this is my third today."
time. "Your third victim? Great Heavens."
Mrs. Withersby-That's just like a man. "Yes, the second one made me nervous, but To The
You might at least have led me to suppose there's luck in odd numbers, you know."
you were innocent.-Brooklyn Life. Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transport.i
Lawyer-"You say that you were in the sa-
"Father," said the poetical youth. "how can loon at the time of the assault referred to in tion Company for Baltimore.
you behold, unmoved, the glory of the autumn the complaint?" Vwi n tealsahip
woods?" Witness-"I was, sir."
right now that you take this here axe and cut that time." Ko WE TD
me bout ten cords of wood outen em. So erk itnes-"I don't know what he called it, V N NS A N
your coat and light in."-Atlanta Constitution. but I took what the rest did."
"Our cook carries Harry's gold headed um- THE EARN ESS OF BUTTER. HAVF NA STEA SHIP Co.
brella all the time."
"I wouldn't submit to it." Ole of the almost eminent authorities NOVA SCOTIA,
"Oh, yes you would, we wouldn't do a thing oil conlsumplion. I). Hughes Bennett or Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
to make her dislike us."-Indianapolis Journal. London, made the remark that "The CAPE BRETON&
I,onon, mde' the remark that "The STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbury
"It's very discouraging." said the young man tllaill causes of consumption are the PRINCE EDWARDS
"I confess at times I considered myself a dearness of butter and the abundance and 'harlottestown.
genius." ISLAND...
'But perhaps you are." suggested his friend of pastry cooks." It is evident from ISAND..
soothingly. this that thle doctor believed that tile
"Impossible. I explained my plans to half a
dozen hard headed, practical men. and not one or rfd r nle to o W inter Tourist Tickets
of them seemed to think I was a blamed fool." tain uttlicient fat, while tile digestion
--Life. of tho wealthy class is upset Iby their
"Twombley says he thinks he'l go in for rich pastries so that they do not assinl-
yachting. He's more than half equipped al- late the Iproper amount of fat. In Will be on sale throughout the NOR' HERN. EASTERN, WESTERN AND
itr itiaestion o t. SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
e"a a yacht, eb?" either case it is a question of fat. en during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop-
"No, the clothes." tulIst lhave fat ill some form cheap en- over privileges in Florida.
a beau to takeoup with Charley Chowders. og for the poor. and easy enough ADDRESSS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
Mate-Rathero tak e is hard pressed by a beau fo tile enfeebled digestion of the rich. be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMIATION AND HANDSOME AD-
in taking up with him.-Denver News. Cod liver oil in its crude condition Is VERTISING MATTER.
bIoth too dittficult. and too unpleasant
"Here is an article in the paper that says a for allny Olle, but in the form of Scott's
woman's character can be determined by her
n rse. e eEmulsion. as manufactured by Scott For Information as to rates, sleeping-car services. reservations, etc., write to
"Well, there may be something in that, but & Ro ne,. it is not only easy to digest. v. M. JOLLY, I)ivision Passenger Agent
there's a surer way. No one can make a mis- aisaliagalt to take. but acts as a F. M. JOLLY, I.iv ISIOU Passenger Agent.
take concerning a woman's character if he will ant to tak. ut ats as a 3 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florda.
look at the noses of other women as they pass medicine in purifying the blood, as well W. B. DENHAM, B.W. WRENN,
her. The extent to which they turn up at such as the very best kind of fat forming Gen Blpt. Paa. Trame MNa'r.
times shows just what she is or isn't.-Chicagofood.A ,
TimeSAHeralfVA NAH, GEORGIA. (fOR Iawr









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 3t


PLOBXIDIANA.

Bob Burns, a negro, living in the
country, near Chipley, last week en-
gaged in a row with his mistress, of
whom he was jealous. He knocked her
down, tied her In a room with two
young children, and then set the house
on fire, burning them to death. He
has fled, but confessed the deed to some
friends before going. They attempted
to capture him, and he fired on them,
wounding two men. If caught, he will
be lynched by the negroes themselves.
Mr. J. E. Wartmann, of Citra, who
estimated his crop of oranges in Lee
county at two thousand boxes, finds
that he was too low In his estimate tW
a thousand boxes, in consequence of
which he spent a very happy Christ-
mas. Mr. R. C. Douglas, a pioneer or-
ange grower at Citra, is again reaping
the reward of his faith and his toil.
He has several grapefruit trees in full
bearing. He says they are reminders
of Marion county in her better days.-
Ocala Banner.
Rev. L. D. Geiger went to Brooks-
ville to preach Sunday and with his
niece entered a carriage to be driven
to his destination, when the horses be.
came frightened and ran away, upset-
ting the carriage. Mr. Geiger was
thrown out and badly hurt. He had
a little toy iron safe in the pocket of
his overcoat, and in falling, the safe
was mashed into his side. The young
lady was also hurt, but not seriously.
Mr. Geiger was in Ocala Monday on
his way home.-Ocala Star.
And now Alachua county is consid-
ering the advisability of establishing a
poor farm. The paupers are increas-
ing at such a rate under the old stay
at home and receive monthly sums
out of the county treasury plan that
it is becoming a burden to the county
and the county commissioners are ot
the opinion and correctly so, that the
establishment of a poor farm would re-
duce the number of paupers and make
it less expensive to the county to care
for those whom the county should
rightfully support.-Leesburg Commer-
merelaL
City Electric LeBaron has finished
installing the new fire alarm circuit,
having been burned out on December
1, by a cross electric wire. The new
system Is so arranged that alarms in
the future will go direct from the box
where it is pulled, into the stations in-
stead of first to the police station as
by the old system and from there
switched to the fire companies. The
police gang will be worked independent
of the fire alarm call. The new sys-
tem Is a great improvement over the
old one and should have been installed
long ago.-Pensacola Press.
0. Bronnum's saw and planing mill
on the west bay shore of Pensacola,
was totally destroyed by fire at 3:30
o'clock Saturday. The origin of the
fire is unknown and it was not dis-
covered until a good portion of the
main building was ablaze. The alarm
was sounded and the firemen respond-
ed promptly, but too late to be of ser-
vice in saving the plant, as it was one
mass of seething fury upon their arri-
val, the flames leaping skyward, cast-
ing a glowing reflection In the sky. The
fire department succeeded in saving a
good portion of the lumber in the yard
on the dock, though everything else
was a total loss, estimated at $20,000,
iith no insurance.-Pensacola Press.
A thrill of excitement ran through
this community Monlay afternoon.
when Peter Wright, a negro living near
Cocoa, came in and said a man had
been murdered on the road between
the lee factory and his home. An in-
vestigation was made, and the man
proved to be an umbrella mender
named Burke, who had been about
town for a day or two. His head had
been crushed with an iron coupling pin.
Two tramps and several negroes were
arrested, but were proved innocent. An
inquest was held and suspicion fell on
a negro boy, Joe Henderson, who had
been seen with Burke shortly before
the murder. While search was being
made for him he boldly entered the
court room. He was immediately ar-
rested, and his baggage searched. In
a valise a shirt and a pair of trousers,
stained with blood, were found. Five



dollars was found on his person, pre-
sumably the money for which the mur-
der was committed. When tried the
boy pleaded guilty, but said it was in
self-defense. HIe was taken to Titus-
ville to jail. The negro came here trom
Georgia three months ago, and refused
to worfl, but spent his time loafing
about the streets. He is only seventeen
years old.-Cocoa correspondent T.-U.
& C.
The Austrian steamer Lodovico,
which is now taking on a cargo of rock
phosphate for Louis R. Chazell at the
elevator at this port. is one of the larg-
est steamers which has ever entered
the port. The vessel is 340 feet long,
with beam 44; feet and draft of 27 feet;
ler net tonnage is 2,336, and her carry-
ing capacity is .something like six or
seven thousand tons. The vessel will
leave here drawing 22 feet 2 Inches, and
will take out a cargo of 5.100 tons of
rock, the largest cargo ever having
left here. The vessel is tle turret or
turtle-hack class. The railroad people
are loading this vessel quite rapidly,
putting aboard something like 12 to .15
hundred tons daily.-Fernandina cor-
respondent Times-Union & iCtizen.

There is more Catarrh in this sec-
tion of the country than all other dis-
eases put together, and until the last
few years was supposed to be incur-
able. For a great nmapy years doctors
pronounctl it a local disease, and pre-
scrilbd local remedies, and by con-
stantly falling to cure with local treat-
inent, pronoiti%,ed it incurable. Science
has proven Catarrh to be a constitu-
tional disease. and, therefore, requires
constitutional treatment. Hall's Ca-
tarrh Cure. manufactured by F. J.
Cheney & Co.. Toledo, Ohio, is the only
constitutional cure on the market. It
is taken internally in doses from 10
drops to a teaspoonful. It acts direct-
ly on the blood and mucous surfaces
of the system. They offer one hundred
dollars for any case it fails to cure.
Send for circulars and testimonials.
Address
F. J. CHENEY & CO, Toledo, O.
Sold by all druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.


/!NCH ESTER

" EW RVAL "I

FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
Na black powder shells on the mrlket capsre with the NEW RIVAL" lan .-
fimity aud treM sheeting quaties. Sure lire sd waterprodo. Oet the geauine.
MIIHESTER REPEATIT AlS CO. Hi Hlm., CMa




Florida En-t Coast Ry.

SOUTH BOMND (Bead Down.) In Baea* Se. 60,190 (Bead Up) NOWI1 QUMWI.
,


'd
459





43 0



E




91i

0
E4a


AO.ii IO.Wo jno.an
Pally Daily Dai No. S STATIONS. No. .
.. ig ir Lt ........J aok arl m ........A
.... 6 r ....... St. Au ne ........
...... 6 1 ............. .........

.Ap r vp............ estla..... .....
...... ip lP....L ....... oni.ton.......... A

S... ..7 8 L. ........ Sl o.......... "
...... ..........p on............
...... T P p .......... st=.,t V ..........

8 ............J Ori .........
68ft 8. Op ........en S r........"

... 4"...... ...... ....t U a........
............ 89 )" ........... la .......... "
............ 4 P .......... b l ..& .......... "
...... ...... 4 2p .......... Melborne d......... "

...... ...... 6 4p ......... Roe lian e ........... "
o ...........b stia ......... "


..... ...... 86 p .......... J owtend ......... "
...... ...... 58p .......... St. Lie.......... "

.... .............. o n .......... "
............ p ........ esen ........... "
...... ...... ip ....... St. rt.... .... .. .
...... ...... 1 .......HobBound......... "
...... ...... BeaP ....... W oPlsoBeach........
S27p .... ........Boyntonr........
"8p ........... otoy..........
...... 922p ......ort
...... ...... 10p .........Lemon COty.........
...... ...... 10 lip Ar........ M..1 1iami...... .....


61 9 01



145p .a.
4 1



325p

.1 0t ......
S ..a


1081 ......
12a .....
122

11259 ......
8 ......
10 55a
12 450,



10 ua ......
10 iss ......
10 422.

928 ......
901 ......
S800


N










IL






Di

If


Buffett Parlor rs on Trains ii and 78.
Between Jacksonville, Pablo Beach aud Mayport.
ko 27No.25 No.11 Nold. 1,
u Sn Daily Dlly1 STATIONS, dO I
only S n
8 6 8 81 ...............So. J ville ............. r ......
O Z Ip 6 Ip S lG ............. o ....... ......
as 0p 8 -...... blo each. ..........p


1p m up lp 6 ma ......... ..... a
e Between New Smyrms ama Orange
city Juotnction.
Planting lime | i ..eo
INo.l. STATIONS. o.
.........Ne r .......

Ar ...Orne ity Junton... Ip
VICK'S between New Smyrns ad Orange
br a Fklo ll | 9(ty' Junctlon daily except Sunday.wi
These Time Tables show the times at rwh
Smore than ced catalogue from the several stations, bat their arrival or
t' lltated book of teed, nor does the Company hold itaell respond
formation help toevery thrfrom.
One who plants for pleasure
-ageoluttly eJnenttl to
r AollM brorw. Peninsular and 0

IAMES VIC, S S NSa O CONNIETIOl
3.0 SI., s rr.T.vb. IHAVAN


THE SUPERIOR FENCE MACHINE
S f is made of steel
Sallud nickle-plated.
It's strong and
durable. You can
limih ally kind of farm fence with it
to fit the ground. You can build 40 to
l;O rods a day, at less .than half the
cost of any ready-made fence. Cata-
logue free. Price $4.75. charges pre-
paid. Superior Fence Machine Co.,
184 Grand River Ave., Detroit, Mich.
Good agents wanted.

FITS FOR $1 I will send you a
S prescription or formula.
Your druggist can compound it. The
medicine will cure epileptic fits and
nervous diseases. I will also send diet
list. C. D. KNAPP, Avon Park, Fla.


AGENTS WANTED.
We would like to secure an
agent in every town and ham-
let in Florida. Write at once.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
Jacksonville, Fla.


Leave Miami Tuesdays.............00. p. m.
tave Key West Wednesdays....... p.m.
ea Havana Thursdays. .......... 0 m.
Leave Key West Thursdays......... &8 p. m.


Between Titusville ud Saafwed.


"r. Iii W- .lheflJO


ial _tntn. .. Fi0p


7 IEL.. ..*.... ''Mim.. ....L3t
8 I .: osteen............
8 ii ;.........
9 r .......... Swa ord. ......


Anl trains between Titullle aid f a
daily except lunday.


oh trains may be exoeoted toarrie ad depart
departure at the times stated is not gnru-
uible for any delay or any oonsuenqses asd-

ccidental S. 5. Co.
NS AT MIAMI.
A LINE. -
Arrive Key West Wednedays......OOa. m.
Arrive Havana Thursdays. ........ 5.00 a. .
Arrive Key West Thursdays........ 0 in.
Arrive iami Fridays............... a a.


KEY WEST LINE. -
Leave Miami Friday.............. 11.00p.m. Arrive Ky West Saturdays......... OO a. m.
Leave Key West 8undays........... .W0p. m. Arrive Miami Mondays ............. ta. .
Passengers for Havana can leave Miami Pridays 11.00 p. m.., arriving Key West Saturday
II:0 a. m., and remain in Key West until 9 p. m. Sunday following, and at that time leave
e the Steahip "Olivette," arriving Havana Mnday morning.


For copy of local time heard address any Ageat.


MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
.O OU 6ab6.OtOO O(6 > Passenger Service
i d To make closEt onnec-
r tions with steame -leave
NeW York Jacksonville (Unl. de-
pot) Thursdays 10.20 i m.
Phila- (S. A.L. y.) or er.-
die 1:30 p. min., via COn-
delphia & berland steamer; (me.ls
en route) or "all rail" va
Bosto Plant System at 2:00 p. m.,.
BOSt ar. Brunswick 6:00 p. m.
From Brunswick direct to ig directly aboard team
New York. er.
PROPOSED mAILINGS for Jan.. 1901.
NORTH BOUND--BRUNSWICK GA., DIRECT TO NEW YORK LEAVING EVER
FRIDAY %S FOLLOWS:
S. S. COLORADO .............. .. .......... .. ....January 4
S. S. RIO GRANDE.......... .. .- ..... ...January 11
S. S. COLORADO ........................... .. .. .. ... .....January 18
S. S. RIO GRANDE... .... ........ .. ...... ........ January 25
For lowest rates, reservations and full information apply to
BASIL GILL, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
J. S. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
C. H. MALLORY & CO.. General Agen to, Pier 21, E. R., New York.


................. IUI!~ Y~:.....


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THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.





Simon Pure Fertilizers

-ARE -



Time-Tried and Crop=Tested!

Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the



GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.


If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Ammoniates:
SULPHATE AMMONIA,
NITRATE SODA.
DRIED BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BONE
TANKAGE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
CASTOR POMACE,


Potashes:
MURIATE POTASH,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
KAINIT,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
Phosphoric Acids:
DISSOLVED BONE,
ACID PHOSPHATE,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,


Miscellaneous:
SALT,
LIME,
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS,
BLUE STONE,
CAUSTIC SODA,
LAND PLASTER,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON,


OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen
erally.
Tobacco Materials:
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to coa
tain all their fertiliing and Insectleide
properties.


WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO

E. O. PAINTER & CO., = = = Jacksonville, Fla.


Grew So Heavy.
B. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertill-
ser bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some


others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.

Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee, Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.


Beyond My Expectation.
B. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. S. Pinery, the
result was bIyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
Very respectfully,
A. M. Spenger.
Osteen, Fla.. Sept. 27. 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-


Ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Your very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford. Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
OJus, Fla.
1;. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, FE.
Gentlemen:-Please inclose me an.
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Seed. -


A High-Grade Fertilizer

MUST HAVE


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"T'-LE IDDE A T BR A NDS
%Aair HAVE THESE. '"W
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................ $30.00 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops).........$27.00 per ton
IA POTATO A R ..........n IDEAL PLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.... $28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE ................ $3o.o per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I ................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $30.o00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER ..................$....$2oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask-for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTTT TZ.R COMPANY;
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Wi Foot aBood eod and Bom, $18.00 per tw. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertlliser, 44.00 p er to.