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 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: December 26, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00052
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text



































Vol. XXVII, No. 52.


Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Dec. 26, 1900.


Whole No. 1404


The China Berry Tree.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
In this age of the world when many
are asking where the lumber of the fu-
ture is coming from, nearly all inter-
ested in the answer to that question
are desirous to know of some good,
quick grQwing tree that will help sup-
ply the demand that is sure to rise in
the near future for various grades of
lumber. It is evident that the catalpa
and China berry will do much toward
supplying that demand. The catalpa
Is at home both North and South. It
grows into a large tree in either Flor-
ida or New York. The China berry is
more Southern, and is not hardy north
of Virginia, in fact it is rarely seen
growing north of the Carolinas.
The China berry tree Melia~ Azeda-
rach, is known as the Pride of India,
Pride of China, or bead tree. It Is of
Oriental origin, and now natural-
Ized in most warm countries. It is a
native of Asia and not strictly con-
lied to China. It becomes a tree
from forty to fifty feet high, often with
a trunk three feet, and sometimes four
feet in diameter. It is deciduous, and
blooms each spring, the trees being
covered, as yon might say, with lilac
colored flowers. It is now one of the
most" beautiful trees in Florida. I
know not of a grander and more beau-
tiful view to look upon than a grove
S of China berry trees in bloom. The
tree is largely planted in the Southern
States and can be found in some parts
of the southwest, at times such a dis-
tance from human habitation that some
S botanists have argued that it must be
I' indigenous. The chief claim for it has
always been as an ornamental tree.
Notwithstanding its handsome bloom
S the odor is somewhat unpleasant. It
bears an abundance of fruit, as its
eeds are called. It is much used in
medicine. There are three varieties
," of it The varieties and medicinal uses
are as follows:
Melia Azadrachta. Nine bark (Mar-
gosa). This is supposed to be the
Umbrella tree of Asia, as it is um-
brella in form. The bark of this is
a tonic, anti-periodic, febrifuge. It is
cleansing to wounds, boils and ulcers.
It being a febrifuge, that is, curing
fevers; it has been found useful in
curing smallpox, yellow fever and kin-
dred ailments.
7 Melia Azedarach.-Pride of India.
Pride of China, or bead tree. This is
what the Americans call the China
berry tree. The bark of the root is con-
sidered the best for medical purposes.
It is a cathartic, anti-periodic, a deter-
pnt, and febrifuge. The leaves are
also used as a discutlent.
Mella Indica, has the same medical
properties as Melia Azdrachtc. The
Mella Indica is much planted in South-
Sj era India. It differs from the others
.,-" Ia shape of leaf and in the fruit or
.-- -ped covering, which is one-celled and
E -ene-eseeded.
In India, and in fact, in all parts of
Asia where it may be found, the bark,
'jeMpeeially of the root has long been
u ed as a vermifuge. A strong decoc-


tlon of it is made by boiling thoroughly
four ounces of the bark in a pint of
water until a good strong tea is made.
From half an ounce to an ounce of
the liquid is given every two hours,
followed by the cathartic There is no
doubt of the value of the China berry
tree in medicine.
Very conflicting stories are told as to
the effects of the berries. Some say
that a very few of them will throw
a child into convulsions, while others
claim that children eat them with im.
purity, and their effect is healthful.
Some authorities argue that the seed
are destructive to swine. I know that
horses, or some horses, are very fond
of them. Some horses will leave oats
or corn to get China berries. It Is
also said that the leaves or berries,
when packed with dried fruit preserve
them from insects and will also pre-
vent imoths from attacking clothing.
An oil is made from the berry of the
Melia Indica. which is used for burn-
ing. There is one thing positively cer-
tain as to the Ierry, it is a better fer-
tilizer than cotton seed meal. In some
sections the seed are made into meal,
or rotted upon a compost heap, and us-
ed as fertilizer for fruit trees and
vegetables.
Other than the godl qualities men-
tioned. it is a tree of very useful and
beautiful wood. It is one of the best
timllers for fences known, being strong
and withstanding the ravages of storm
and tropical heat as well. if not better
than most other woods. The wood has
a lhandsonelly variegated grain. When
polished it has almost beautiful sur-
face. It is highly recommended for
trunks, drawers and closets, which
when built of it are free from insects.
For fine work it takes the place of ma-
hogany for furniture and other work
for which mahogany is used. /
Many a visitor to this summer and
winter resort, as Florida has become
something of a summer, as well as a
grand winter resort, carries home with
him a cane made of the wood of the
China berry tree, and exhibits it with
more pride than he who has taken an
orange wood cane as a memento of his
visit to the state of flowers, oranges
and beautiful wood. It is only lately
that the world has learned that there
is a demand in the North for canes
made from the wood of the China.ber-
ry tree. One of my neighbors suggests
that such canes be made to fill the
Northern demand.
The China berry is a quick growing
tree from the seed. It is not like many
other quick growing trees, the wood is
of use. As I understand most trees
that are of rapid growth, the timber
is soft and of but little use; no use
only as poor fire wood, like the bass
wood or linden. This tree is at home
in Florida and makes a more rapid
growth than in any other state. From
seed, it soon develops into a tree, lprge
and strong and very useful owing to
the fact that the demands of business
now call for a rapid destruction of the
forests of the country and the demand


is being filled without regard to the
necessities of the future, there should
le thousands of acres of trees plant-
ed. If thle-natural forests were to be
cut down, then artificial forests should
be made. The demand for all classes
of lumber is on a rapid increase. It is
reasonable to look forward, and see
that the time is not greatly distant
when the artificial forest must be
looked to for the supply of lumber.
The remedy is. plant forest trees, trees
that will make good timber, good lum-
ber. lumber that will fill the proper
demand. The Northern states are
planting catalpa and other trees. The
South can grow the catalpa as well as
the North. The catalpa may. do for
common work, but for the finer work
it will not take the place of the black
walnut and mahogany. So far noth-
ing is known that will take the place
of those two, but the China berry tree.
Tlhe China berry tree is for the
South. Its wood can be used wherever
the wood of the catalpli can, and used
where tile catalpa is of no account. The
China berry should be planted where
tile orange tree grows. lie who plants
it will find that lhe has made a good
investment. One reason for tis state-
menlt is the fact that lumlermen of
(eorgia have estimated that the tim-
ier supply of that state as sufficient to
last only nine years. That in that
state alone the present rate of sawing
is 2,.i(it.MM feet, daily. There is also
another fact, which is, that many of
tile sawmill men of the North are look-
ing southward for locations for their
mills. The supply of timber in Flor-
ida. while perhaps somewhat larger
than that of Georgia, is growing less
very rapidly. The pulp-makers of the
North, the lumbermen all over the
country, and the turpentine men of the
South are rapidly making this a'tree-
less country. The only salvation is
in the planting of trees, and there is no
tree better to plant than the China ber-
ry. Peter Prindle.
Avon Park, Fla.
*
When Will the Pecan Bear?
We find various opinions asserted as
to when a young tree begins to bear,
all in accord with the experience of
the respective persons, ranging from
five to ten years. I have heretofore
claimed that age cuts no figure as it
does in fruit trees, and further ex-
perience convinces me that I am right,
that size of tree alone determines this
period. Congeniality of soil and good
attention determines the size more than
time and brings about the bearing pe-
riod. Whenever this size and height
is obtained, if in five years the young
tree will bear; If not reached in 100
years it will not bear. Hence the im-
portance of promoting quick growth
by every means possible in selecting
the most congenial soil and planting
that which gives the best send off of
nut or scion. The size of tree in bear-
ing often varies. But upon these gen-
eral limits can depend. No young tree
is apt to bear until it reaches the


height of eight feet and has a well
grown trunk and heavy top, and every
tree is apt to bear by the time or be-
fore it attains 15 feet in height, un-
less crowded so as to run up like a fish-
ing pole. The tirst fruits are very
scant, two or three nuts to a handful
on a tree. But after the tap root
strikes water or permanent' moisture
and congenial soil. the growth is very
rapid as well as the Increase in bear-
ing. Twenty-four to thirty feet is a
pretty and convenient distance to plant
the nuts. This gives room to culti-
vate between rows.-Dallas News.
*
Keeping Your Boys on the Farm.
So much has bten said and written
alout keeping the boys on the farm
that I can only repeat with emphasis
much that has been said before on this
subject so near to all our hearts. It
certainly is a shame that so large a
proportion of the brightest and best
boys of the farm conclude that it is
too small a field for their future opera.
tions. They stand at the head of their
class in the country school, and their
teacher, by way of encouragement, has
told them that tile key to the White
House is in every bo.y's hand. They
have been told of Lincoln and Gar-
field and that all the great men of the
next generation will come from the
farm. They are tired with enthusiasm,
soon conceive a great desire to have
their names written on the pages of
history. The pomp and display of mil-
itary and of the presidential chair lures
them on and oil and all the time they
are growing away from the farm. The
boy from the country school may get
through the high school easily and
still stand at the head of his class, but
in college lie finds it harder; there are
others with dreams of glory, and he
runs up against others as smart as
himself. He must now divide the hon-
ors. The world begins to be real. Some
other fellow is at the head of the class
now and while he lets his aching eyes
rest he thinks of the rich new milk
and cream that old Daisy bestows so
lavishly on her friends, of the straw-
berries the home folks are enjoying,
and of the enjoyment he used to have
with the colts, calves, lamds and'even
the pigs. It seems sweet to think of
the old home. hut he must study to
make a name. Next comes Blackstone.
But by this time a portion of his con-
ceit is gone and he begins to realize
that he is only a man after all. He is
finally admitted to the bar, only to find
that the other fellow has been there
before him. People who want cases
won for them call upon the men who
have reputation and years of experi-
ence. He comes out a candidate for
the legislature, is carried for a time
on the crest of the wave, but it strikes
a rock. He has tasted of fame, but he
has found that very few of the many
millions of boys ever really climb
high. He has not been a lucky man.
He remembers tlat common, plain peo-
ple made a success of farming when
he was a boy. His desire for fame
becomes a desire for the old oaken


0/00.


"1L










THIJLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


bucket that hangs in the well. He
thinks he can farm of course. He soon
finds that the boy he could spell down
so easily and who was slow at arith-
metic has been studying agriculture
while he has leen wasting his time.
This slow boy may have taken a course
at the agricultural college or he may
not, but he has taken one or more good
agricultural papers, has learned the
feeding tables, balanced rations, crop
rotation and care of land. He has se-
lected his breed of the various farm
animals and selected individuals until
he knows where he is at. The boy
who worked for fame thinks the other
boy has been lucky, but every sensi-
ble person knows that it is not luck.
The parents and teachers did not try
to make a president out of the boy
who was not extremely bright. They
simply let him alone. They let him
choose his own profession and he nat-
urally chose one of the grandest pur-
suits that any man could choose. He
liked to read his father's farm papers.
He became convinced that there was a
mine of knowledge on tile farm if he
would but dig it. He saw the black-
smith weld iron. became interested.
studied how to make a home-made
blower and drill, and in his shop, with
tools of all kinds, spent many a happy
rainy day instead of going to the vil-
lage store in search of vile company.
He and his father studied the different
points of excellence in the live stock
they handled, talked over their farm-
ing operations, farmed wisely and
made money. With his head filled with
useful information he grew up to be a
king, monarch of all he surveys.
Teachers and parents, I verily believe
you are largely to blame for misguid-
ing many, very many, of our bright
farmer boys.-John A. Peck in Prairie
Farmer.
*
The Need of Humus in the Southern
Soils.
The past phenomenally hot ami; ry
season has more plainly than ever
demonstrated the fact that the crying
need of our South upland is humus or
organic decay. Any Southern farmer
can look over his own land and can
easily note that on the spots where the
soil Is black from vegetable matter,
no matter how well drained it may be,
the soil has kept more moist, the fer-
tilizer applied has acted better and the
crop is better, while on the high sandy
land, which is deficient, in vegetable
matter, the fertilizers applied this sea-
son have in most cases done more
harm than good.
We have traveled over a good part
of the cotton section of this state dur.
ing the heated term, and have noted
these facts in hundreds of fields, and
we believe that in a majority of in
stances the fertilizer has been a disad
vantage solely because of the lack ol
vegetable decay in the soil. Meeting
a farmer a few days ago who is w
know farming well and growing peal
and other legumes in every available
place, we said: "I suppose you are likt
every one else, and have a poor crol
of cotton?" "Well," said he, "I havi
not as heavy a crop as I hoped for
but still I will get little short of a bal
per acre, on land that had peas on ii
last summer, and vetch during thi
winter." There is no need for any fur
their comment. In a season when hil
neighbors who are farming on the ol
plan, and growing cotton year afte
year on the same land with the all
of complete fertilizers, have made thil
season a bale on about five acres, thi
legume farmer with cheaper fertilizer
has made nearly a bale. What make
the difference? It is not merely th
fact that the legumes gathered nitro
gen from the air for him, though thl
is an important point in the saving o
the cost of the fertilizers applied. It i
mainly this reason because of the hu
mus that has accumulated In his sod
which enabled it to retain moisture
and this retention of moisture dissolv
ed the fertilizers and made them avail
able in the cotton plants.
In the decay of this organic matter
he of course got the benefit of the ni
trogen which his neighbors were buy
ing at a big cost in their complete fer
tilizers and he got this without cost a


the hay made from the legumes paid
the cost of their growth, and he did
not have to use a complete fertilizer on
his cotton. In fact, he does not use a
complete fertilizer on any crop, for the
peas and the vetch do not need nitro-
gen to be applied artificially to grow
them, since they get what they
need from the air, If they are -well sup-
plied with the mineral forms in phos-
phoric acid and potash, which they do
need.
We have hammered away at this
fact year after year, but so long as
there are farmers who do not compre-
hend the advantages they are sacrific-
ing every year, we will keep on reiter-
ating the fact that the cheapest way
to fertilize the cotton crop is through
a well fertilized crop of peas and other
legumes the season before. By giving
thepeas in summer and the vetch in
the fall, a liberal supply of phosphoric
acid and potash'you not only get an in-
creased accumulation of nitrogen in
the soil by means of the roots left
there, but you can get a large amount
of food, which if fed to animals will
not only give you a profit in the feed-
ing, but will enable you to return to
the soil more humus-making and nitro-
gen feeding-matter in the manure
made. All this can be done at a sav-
ing of expense over the purchase of a
complete fertilizer. You get then a
large yield at a lower cost.
Tile recently introduced hairy vetch
promises to be the best companion for
the Southern cowpea which we have
yet had. Sown in the fall, with a lib-
eral dressing of acid phosphate and
potash, tile vetch will give a hay crop
in the spring in time to plant the land
in corn or cotton, and will by its win-
ter growth largely increase the crop
following. Dr. Augustus Stabler, of
Montgomery County, Md., lately an-
swered some one who feared that the
vetch by reseeding the land might be-
come a weed, somewhat as follows:
"Any plant that will make three tons
of hay per acre, and will at the same
time niake a hay of higher value than
I clover, and will then increase the corn
crop tile same season one hundred per
cent. call have all' the rooni it needs on
Sily land."
Growing only during the winter and
early spring, the hairy vetch well sup-
plements the summer crop of peas.
We are now sowing it on the stubble
from which we cut a crop of pea hay.
We will make a mixture of 1,M00
pounds of acid phosphate and 400
pounds of muriate of potash and apply
300 pounds per acre, and will expect
Sto get a largely increased crop of corn
Son the land next summer by reason of
I the growth of the vetch, and also to
I have a crop of hay for our horses early
in the season.
.It has been found that the nitrogen
f collecting microbes of different leg-
limes do not live on them indiscrlmi-
e nately. But the microbe of the gar-
s den pea will thrive on the vetch. If,
Therefore, your land has never grown
e vetch it will be a good olant to get a
Little soil from an old garden where
e English peas have been grown, and
,scatter about a bushel or less per acre
e to get the microbes into the soil. If
t the vetch is allowed to ripen seed, it
e will reseed the soil and never need re-
- sowing, but as it grows only in winter
s it will never be a troublesome weed.
1 In conclusion we would earnestly ad-
r vise all cotton farmers in the South to
d become legume growers and on every
g crop of legumes to use the above mix.
e ture, and you will get a better cotton
s crop without fertilizer onf the cotton
a that you will with the highest priced
e fertilizer without the legumes, and
. more than this you can get to feeding
s stock and making money and manure
f and never need to buy a complete for
a tilizer.-W. F. Massey in Southern
- Cultivator.
I, *
,Pruning Potatoes.
here potatoes grow very rank and
- tend wholly toward development ol
tops, Iwneficial results can occasional
y be secured by trimming off about
i- one-third of the growth. This wil
- check the development above ground
- and tend to force the setting of tubers
s Of course this trimming or pruning


must lt done Isefore the time for the
pot-atoes to set. The growth of toma- r
to vines can be checked by pinching off t
the ends of the main branches and re- i
moving some of the smaller ones when a
tile plants are comparatively young.- j
O. A. T.-in Farm and Fireside.
When should we prune in Florida? t
The young potato is often 'set" by the
time the vine is three Inches above
ground. That is on high pine land.-
Ed.
0 1
Florida Oranges.
A New York fruit circular says: I
"The season has now advanced for
us to predict that Florida oranges are
not going to bring the prices in this
and other markets that early in the
season most of us were led to anticl-
pate. There are several reasons for
this. In the first place, Florida or-
anges are not keeping as well as they
should. Very few: lots are arriving
sound, or anywhere near sound. In
fact, we have not received a lot this
season that could be called strictly
sound. We have received several lots
showing only slight decay, but the bulk
of the fruit is so tender that lots ar-
riving conilaratively sound shrink
badly if held even for a week. Fruit
as short-lived as this is has to be
forced off quickly at whatever prices
it can be made to ring. Much of it
has to ie repacked before being sold
to out-of-town trade, otherwise dis-
counts demanded :ire unreasonable.
Wlien we confront conditions of this
kind it is not what we should like to
get for the fruit; it is what we can
get for it. It may be that later on,
with cooler weather in Florida, and
with illlroved conditions, shipments
may arrive sounder and the fruit have
better keeping qualities, in which case
we shall not be so much at the mercy
of buyers. Tile second cause which
will prevent Florida oranges bringing
the prices that many of us early in
tle season antielpated is the large
quantity of C'alifornias which are now
arriving in every city and town
throughout tills and adjoining states.
Thile California oranges are very hand-
somen. are solidly packed, and are long-
lived. The country buyer purchasing
thiem knows that they will be sound
even thirty days after he receives
them. He lhas lore confidence in
them,. call make Imore money on them
than he canI on Floridas, which may
le sound today, but a week hence are
badly decayed if not sold. The finest
quality of California navels are being
landed at interior points at the present
time at 2.90 per box, or less, while
ludded and seedling oranges are being
landed at much lower figures.-Los
Angeles Daily Times.
[The above will give our orange
growers something to think about.
They will find that there is something
else to do than merely to produce a
fruit called an orange. They will have
to produce it so that it will not only
have quality, but carrying qualities,
and this can not be done by promis-
Sous fertilizing.-Ed].
0
Why Fruits Vary.
Not long since a correspondent asked
me why specimens of the same varie-
ties of fruits varied so much in. size,
color, flavor and season of ripening in
Different localities, and even where
grown near each other.
The reasons are many, and depend-
ent upon a great variety of conditions.
Each kind of tree and plant that grows
Shas some certain requirements that
must be met. Some need a warm cli-
mate, and others one that is cool. Rich
soil is essential to the proper growth of
the tree or vine. Now, if the necessary
Conditions are not met with there will
f be a failure in one or more particulars,
- and in proportion as these conditions
t are unsuitable.
I When we plant any fruit, as, for in-
I stance, the Ben Davis apple, in many
. different soils and climates, we may
g expect to see various results. And so


we do. Its best development is in the
egion of the Ozark plateau. There
he tree flourishes and the fruit attains
ts largest size, most brilliant coloring
md best flavor, because conditions are
ust right. Sweet cherries and Euro-
pean plums reach largest size and bet-
er color and flavor in Oregon and Cal-
fornia than elsewhere on this conti-
lent. Cape Cod has just the soil, cli-
mate and other conditions to produce
the best cranberries in the country.
The oranges of Florida are unequaled
n flavor, and those'of California in
beautiful coloring and freedom from
blemishes. The secret, If there is one,
lies in the peculiar conditions of sojl
and climate. Where any kind of fruit
does not do well the sun shines too
long or not long enough, the moisture
is more than sufficient or insufficient,
or there may be combinations of these
factors. What will just suit one va-
riety may be wrong for another. That
is one great reason why we have such
wonderful variations in a lot of speei-
nens of a single variety which are
grown over a,wide territory.
Another great reason for the varia-
tion in size, color and quality of fruits
is the proportion of available fertility
in tile soil. There may be too much of
one element and not enough of another.
To lie more specific, we will take the
one item of nitrogen. While nitrogen
is a very important factor in all plant-
growth-indeed, it is absolutely essen-
tial to the life of every plant-there
may Ibe, and sometimes is, too much
in the manures we apply to fruits.
The tendency of all nitrogenous man-
ures is to stimulate a rank, succulent
leafy growth, which.is just what is
desired when we are growing forage,
and for the most part by the vegetable-
grower also, but the fruit-grower
wants fruit, and that, too, which is
not only large, but beautiful in color
and rich in flavor. Nitrogen does in-
crease tle size to some extent, but an .
excess of it makes fruit coarse in tex-
ture, poor in flavor and later in ripen-
ing than is natural. It must be used
with nmodleration upon the Aoil of all
fruit plantations.
Phosphoric ceid which is another es-
sential manure, is quite different from
nitrogen in its action. It gives vigor
to the woody structure of plants, and
at the same time increases the yield
of grain and materially aids in the de-
velopment of seeds of all kinds, and
also-the fleshy parts of fruits to some
extent.
But potash is the most important of
all the plant foods to the fruit-grower.
A soil that is rich in potash is almost
sure to be a good one for fruit. That is
largely why those of the Pacific coast
are so well adapted to fruit. The
mountains have been melting down
for untold ages, and the soils which
they have made on the slopes and in
the valleys are heavily charged with
potash. It gives large size to the fruit,
and has a wonderful effect upon its
color and quality. Although the red
color in fruits is directly caused by iron
in oxidized forms, the potash some-
how, in the laboratories of the soil and
the trees and plants, operates in such
a way to cause the iron to dissolve and
become formed into the beautiful col-
ors we see. If the red, pink and pur-
ple paints of nature are largely made
of iron, potash is the brush that is used
by the sun in applying them. There-
fore, not only do the varying propor-
tions of iron and other ingredients of
the soil have much to do with the var-
iations in color that we notice so in
fruits, but the potash has even more
to do with them. And it is not the
actual content of potash in the soil so
much as the available amount. There
is usually an abundance of iron and
most other soil ingredients suitable
to the needs of plants, but of available
potash and phosphoric acid and nitro-
gen there is often a lack. Indeed, it is
this lack which usually causes the
great variations in the desirable qual-
ities of fruits grown in a neighborhood.
Common sense would therefore lead
us to make up the deficit in the cheap.
est way possible.
Common farm manures are good,
because they contain all the elements
of fertility that have been here men.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. tv


tioned and humus besides, but they a
are generally too scarce on the farm or
too costly to purchase and haul very
far. This forces us to resort to com-
mercial fertilizers, and they are both
excellent and cheap if wisely purchas- I
ed and applied. Nitrate of soda, dried i
blood, tankage, etc., supply nitrogen;
ground and dissolved bone and phos-
phate rick give the phosphoric acid,
and the various potash salts in the
market give the potash. Kainit is
good, but muriate and sulphate of pot-
ash are cheaper.-H. E. Van Deman in
Southern Farm Magazine.
*
.n Arkansas View of Bermuda Grass.
For permanent pasture in East and
South Arkansas on worn or thin soil,
or' on fertile sandy lowland, Bermuda
and vetch are preferable to orchard
grass. But with Bermuda as a foun-
dation grass orchard grass, hairy vetch
and tall oat grass can be mixed with
the Bermuda. The Bermuda grass
alone affords grazing from the last
spring frost until the first fall frost.
The best way to start Bermuda grass
is to turn up Bermuda sod with a plow
and then harrow the roots in piles and
run through a fodder cutter or chop
the roots with a small ax into two
inch pieces; then scatter them over
broken soil and cover with a light
plow or cultivator. These pieces of
roots can be planted in fall or spring.
Vetch can be sown in October on Ber-
muda sod and harrowed in with disc
or slanted tooth harrow.
Now as to Bermuda as a pest: If it
is attacked mainly with a hoe in a cul-
tivated field it gives trouble, but if the
farmer will occasionally rotate his
crops in order to maintain the soil's
fertility, the Bermuda will be subdued
by the shade of cowpeas, oats, corn,
wheat, and cowpeas together, or sor-
ghum, then when cotton is planted
again and the cultivation done shal-
low and rapidly with heel scrape,
which is also best for cotton, Bermuda
will give no trouble whatever to the
cotton farmer, but rather a benefit.
Bermuda grass does less harm to cul-
tivated crops than any other grass.
Cotton and corn seem to be benefited
by a little Bermuda being in the soil.
rf the cotton farmer 'tries to dig up
the Bermuda grass with the hoe as he
does his crab grass he will get tired,
and if he tries to wrap it up with a
turn plow to kill it as he does crab
grass he will be doing Bermuda a fa-
vor. Occasional rotation with cow-
peas and oats, corn and cowpeas, and
hairy vetch and shallow and, rapid
cultivation with heel scrapes attached
to two horse cultivators, is sufficient
to subdue Bermuda grass. On the rich
bottoms along the Mississippi river
Bermuda is everywhere in cultivated
fields, road sides, and in lawns. In
South Arkansas it will fatten thin cat-
tle by July 1, and on good bottom land
is frequently three feet high by June
15th. The grass has fine stems and
cures quickly when cut for hay. Ber-
muda grass in cotton soil is an*effi-
cient influence in compelling rotation
of crops on the part of farmers who
persist in cultivating cotton continuous-
ly on the same soil.
Farmers who know the value of
Bermuda and know how to control
and utilize it, and they are rapidly
increasing in number, regard it as a
superior grass for hay and pasture
and of no objection whatever in a cul-
tivated field. On not extra fertile soil
Japan clover will kill Bermuda out in
one year; so will the beggarweed. But
no one should want it killed; only sub-
dued for cultivated crops.
Cowpeas, Bermuda grass and hairy
vetch should be the Arkansas cotton
farmer's reliance for hay and pasture
and for protecting and maintaining
his sandy loam soil.-Arkansas Exper-
iment Station.

Keeping Potatoes Under a Hay-
1ick.
It is a great deal of trouble to
S"bank" potatoes, but if the banks are
kept dry it is a good method. I have
seen quantities of potatoes lost in these
kilns when they become damp. It is
a botchy kind of work any way, and
was always dissatisfactory to me. For


a number of years I have managed to
successfully avoid it, and any farmer
ain do so, too. without the outlay of a
cent and with no greater expenditure
of time or labor than banking requires.
Select a high and dry place conven-
ent to both the kitchen and the stable,
ind with plow and shovel throw up a
tolerably high bed. running north and
outhl, about 8 or 10 feet wide, and
as long as may be required. At each
end of this bed I set a good strong post
about three and ong-half feet high
above the ground and with a forked
top, or at least with a broad flat top.
Between these, if necessary, other
similar posts may be set, and upon
them from one to another strong poles
ire placed. Against these poles six
foot pickets are leaned, one end on the
Iedl and the other extending 8 or 10
inches above tie pole. Upon this struc-
ture, beginning at the north end, with
your winter supply of feed, sorghum,
hay or fodder. in such a way as to cov-
er it complletely so that the hay will
le at least four feet thick at the thin-
est point. When tile rick is finished
cut a hole in tile south end through
into thie hollow under the rails and
store it up again with a roll of hay.
Here is the cosiest place to store po-
tatoes or cushaws you ever saw. The
Istatoes should be well cured before
putting in else you may have to cut
a hole in the north end to give ven-
lilaiion when the day is fair. In here
tile potatoes will keep dry and of an
almost uniform temperature all winter.
Next year you will not have the
hed to make nor the structure to build,
and as you must rick your feed any-
way. the banking of your potatoes will
cost you nothing the second year, ex-
cept that the old bedding of straw
should be cleaned out and burned and
clean new straw substituted.-Truck
Farner of Texas.

Growing Lettuce in the South.
All kinds of soils are used, with
varying success, from a stiff clay to
nuck swanmp, and seashore sand. The
best soil adapted for lettuce is a deep,
coarse-grained sandy loam, well en-
riched with manure. A soil that is
elose-grained, contains a large per cent.
of silt, and runs together after a rain,
or crusts in dry weather. This is not
naturally adapted for the growing
of this crop, and ill it lettuce will rot
or damp off to a great extent. The
rainwater and dew, or the moisture
arising out of the ground under the
succulent leaves of this quick-growing
plant canl not descend fast enough after
a shower or evaporate after sunrise in
the morning, to dry off the surface of
tile ground, and consequently the un-
der leaves instead of lying on a
dry ground, are lying on a saturated
earth surface. Tile plants growing
close together shade the ground and
keep it from drying out by the rays of
the skull or the winds. The results are
likely to be a wet, rotten leaf. Close
lmuggy weather will further advance
the growth of mold, and the plant will
rot in very short time. There are oth-
er kinds of fungus and disease which
are very destructive to lettuce. If a
man has the proper soil he is more
likely to control the latter procedures
of growing a good crop. After the soil
has been selected, good or bad, accord-
ing to circumstances, we begin to pre-
pare what is here locally named hot-
bed. This is no hotbed at all; it is
simply a frame like a common cold
frame, covered with cloth. The dimen-
sions vary according to the lay of the
land, and also to the individual's fan-
cy; mostly from 18 to 24 feet wide, and
150 to 250 feet long. This bed can not
very well be made too rich. By the
latter part of August or first of Sep-
temlwr we sow our seed broadcast in a
seeded; in about five to six weeks the
plants are ready to be planted in the
previously well-prepared soil in the
cold frame, being careful to water the
plants after setting in dry weather.
This farm has hot-air engine,
tank and water pipes for distribution,
which makes watering comparatively
easy. We set our plants 10x12 inches,
fertilize and work well, all of which
is done with colored labor. During
frosts and freezes the frames are coy-


cred with cloth, sewed together to fit
the same, and fastened on by rings and
staples. By the middle of November
and after the first crop is ready to be
marketed, later sowings are made, for
midwinter and spring crops. The price
for lettuce is according to quantity
and denmalnd, with freight, commission
charges, etc., besides the cost of grow-
ing deducted, sometimes satisfactory,
but often a crop is grown at a loss.-
Itural New Yorker.


*
Blind Staggers Not Caused by
Moldy Corn.
The annual loss of live stock from
cerebro-spinal meningitis is consider-
able. Various causes for the spread pf
this disease have been suggested. One
of those popularly believed in is the
eating of moldy corn. During the fall
and winter of 188-'!99 there was a
large loss of cattle in. Indiana which
was attributed to this cause. The pop-
ular belief was that the organism
causing tile fermentation in the corn
produced disease in tile live stock.
Tine Indiana station studie the epli-
demnic and its relation to its alleged
cause. The disease was found to be
cerebro-spinal meningitis. An exami-
nation of a large number of specimens
of inoldy corn from different localities
showed that one bacterium and two
mnolds were comlnon to all samples.
Other micro-organismns were found.
uit varied in tie different samples.
Tests of the poisonous properties of
tile moldy corn were made with two
horses. After a preliminary feeding
period of five cubic centimeters (about
one-sixth ounce) of ann active growth
in bouillon of the bacterium found in
unoldy corn was injected under the
skin. After six hours this was
followed by aln injection of ten cubic
centimleters. No appreciable effort was
observed; not even so much as an
abscess occurred. Five days later a
similar test was made with a culture
of oine of tie inolds isolated from the
spoiled corn, and after a like interval
a similar test with a culture of the
othet"r Ild. Inn neither case was any
abinonirmal siymplOlli observed.
Each of the three mnicro-organisms
was then grown in corn meal previous-
ly sterilized. In various ways the
horses were induced to eat as much
as five pounds per head daily of the
infected neal, each micro-organism be-
ing tested for a period of five days. The
effect of the neal inoculated with the
Ini(.teriulin' anld one of the molds was
negative. Thie mell inoculated with
tlie other nmold( -a fusarium-produe-
ed redness of the guns and some sali-
vation.
The horses were then fed all the
spoiled corn they would eat. On the
first three days they ate it readily, and
after th:it it was with difficulty that
they could be induced to eat any.
On the fifth day one of the horses
had slight salvation, occasional
colicky pains and diarrhoea. On the
seventh day there was some inco-ordi-
nation of movement and stupor. For
two days the animal would stand part
of the time with the head pressed
against the wall, and then quick re-
covery followed. The second horse
showed some irritation of the mucous
memllbranes of the mouth, but never
developed any nervous symptoms. The
horse was killed, but a post-mortem
examination failed to show any lesions.
The two horses ate together about four
bushels of spoiled corn, most of it be-
ing consumed during the first week.
After the first week the corn had to be
mixed with other feed in every con-
ceivable manner in order to induce the
horses to eat any of it.
In -none of the tests was cerebro-
spinal meningitis induced by the moldy
grain. The deductions drawn by tile
station from the investigations follow:
"The results of the experiment show
that inoculations with cultures of the
bacteria and molds were ineffective.
Eating of the mashes containing pure
cultures showed that only in the case
of a growth of a species of fusarium
did any intestinal disturbance follow,
and that in one case the feeding of the
rotted grain produced considerable in-
testinal disturbance and some nervous


Like the


Deadly


Under=Current


which grasps one without warning
the mucous membrane which line
the entire body suddenly becomes
weakened in some spot and disease
is established. It may be of the
lungs, the head, throat, stomach,
bowels, or any other organ. Where.
ever it is, and whatever it seems, il
all spri-'gs from the same caule-


CATARRH

or inflammation of this delicate pink
membrane.
The system is weakened in win-
ter. The delicate lining is more
susceptible to irritation or inflamma.
tion, and thus we have pneumonia,
grip, colds, coughs, fevers, etc., al
catarrhal conditions which may
easily be checked by one catarrih
cure-Pe-ru-na.
That's the only way out of it.
You may dose forever-you will
not be well until you try the true
cure and that is Pe-ru-na. You
may think your trouble is some
other disease and not catarrh. Call
it what you will, one thing is stre,
your system is affected and Inust b
treated, and Pe-ru-na is t--e only
rernedy which reaches the right
place. and does cure.

sympltoll. but that the disturbance was
light ill tie other."
It appears. therefore, that while
manyi of thle (cses of sickness in stock
attributed to eating Inoldy corn are due
to other austes, thlte continued use of
schl fod niny result in intestinal and
nervous disorders of a serious nature.
lIHome and Farm.

Interesting Orange Figures.
It is estimated that there are in It-
aly 5.400,000 orange trees which yield,
on an average, 1,600,000 oranges per
year, or 300 oranges per tree. In the
province of Sevilla, in Spain, where the
largest quantities of oranges are grown
in Europe, the average annual yield
of a tree is 6(K) fruits. The Island of
St. Michel, in the Azores, produces on
an area of 265 acres, 350,000,000 or-
anges'. which are almost entirely ship-
ped to England. Ill 178) the total ex-
ports of oranges from Spain exceeded
1.OO.W00.lO)O. Greece exported in 1899
some ."I.4M ),0o~i oranges. Great Brit-
ain consumnes annually oranges to the
value of about $s,000,000.
4 *
Condensed milk wafers are going to
le usle in connection with emergency
ration test in Oklahoma. It is thought
that condensed milk food will give bet-
ter success than chocolate, which has
been found to lie of little service dur-
ing the first test. which has just been
conlnleted. The milk food is made up
in the form of wafers. When dissolved
with water, it forms a kind of soup.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Prolt in Rubber Culture. orange, as green colored when ripe as
Modern Mexico, in the course of a lie ln:ltive orange.
recent article on the culture of rubber 'The Ainerican counsels at Santiago
trees, calls attention to the injury in- an:1 Singapore agree in the above
flicted by thoughtless gatherers ofthe stal tteentts as to the change of the
sap. It says truly that native Indian ft'lit f'roI t sweet to sour upon being
gatherers, intent only uponl present 1r;insferred to those localities, but
gain, can not be expected to be more there' is Ieason to doubt their correct-
thoughtful of the future of a tree than lIWts. It is probably due to the trans-
they are of their own future, and they i'fr of 14llen1 by bees from blossoms
either cut so deep as to injure the o" nehighl.ring sour trees. The change
woody fiber of the tree or leave it with i. noilt :s ratlieally impossible as that
great gaping wounds that can not heal. wllich tens of thousands of American
It Is inadvisable to draw too heavily ffartners believe to this day-the trans-
from the tree, for other reasons than formation of wheat into chess. But it
the direct injury that results from loss is sutticiently improbable nevertheless.
of Its life-sustaining fluid. Owing to The island of Porto Rico produces
the soft nature of the tree, a clean in- :abolt the best orange which comes to
cision made in it will drain but a corn- Ameriean markets from the West In-
paratively small area before the swell- dies. lM:tyaguez is the principal port
ing wood closes the wound and stoDs of shipment, and the fruit is so fine
the flow. In order to drain the trees that it fetches good prices in New
more completely, the short-sighted na- York. Of Jamaica oranges, 400 are
tives do not stop at making a. cut, but taken as the average number in a bar-
chop out a piece of the bark to prevent rel. but of the oranges shipped from
the wound filling up. Such an injury 'orto Rico a barrel contains on the av-
soon renders the strongest tree a prey erage, 35o. In other words, seven of
to Water, fermentation, ants, and bee- such oranges are equal to eight of
ties that enter the wound and get un- those shipped from Jamaica. They
der the bark ire also said to keep well. The extra
aer e ar size denotes better cultivation, and the
In a rubber plantation where proper better keeping qualities tell the care
supervision is possible scientific cul- in picking and packing. The Jamaica
ture will doubtless do much to over- negroes are probably the roughest or-
come many of the evil results of the range pickers in existence. Climbing a
crude methods of the forests. If even tree, one pulls off and throws down the
a small per cent. of the results ob- fruit to another. who receives it indif_
trained from isolated trees can be se- ferently tIn his hands, upon the ground
cured in a rubber plantation the invest- or a stone or on his head, from which
ment will be a good one. Those who it carotms off with serious damage.
hold out the bait of 1,(00 per cent. prof- Wheln the barrel is full it is shaken
its in rubler culture have no means of hI:rd antd then a board is laid upon the
knowing that such results can be oh- fr.t, atnd a stout negress leaps into
trained. Experienced planters, who the air ands, comes down upon it in a
have faith in rubber culture, who are sitting posture.
planting rubber trees, and who have In the hot climate of Singapore the
no land to sell, are not contemplating loanege is short-lived, while the pomelo
such profits. A conservative planter, is indigenous and healthy. It is said
who has had years of experience in the lhat oranges tiere onlly bear about
tropics of Mexico, figures that at the eight years; then they gradually die
end of eight years his rubber trees will off. or. bing 1no longer remunerative,
yield one pound of rubber to the tree. are taken up.
With 275. trees planted to the acre, and The tnericann Consul at Hamilton,
his estimated profit of forty cents gol It,'inuda, hiimiself a grower, says:
per ilound. it is easy to figure out a ".\Aother tlilng to look after is that
profit of more than $l100 per acre. Af- ytl. tl.trs d1o not go t) o I mtuch to wood;
ter eight years, as the trees grow old- Mthe W-oodly oot should be cut off five
er, the yield will gradually increase ,o. six feet around tile tree; they are
until it nay reach into the pounds. the .rots runn ing fronm the tree which
This many look upon as a limit to make the branches. and the fine roots
which a tree may be tapped without that are, close to the tree are the fruit
danger of injuring the tree and cur- ro.ts., andl the (1ones to be nourished."
tailing its life. or at least the produc- In the lower West Indies and in Cen-
tion the following year. it;l] Aineritca tile orange hla practically
S* tlhe whole year round for it4 season.
The fruiting night be hastened by cul-
Oranges in Other Lands. tivation and irrigation, or retarded by
Americans have little or nothing to removing the llossoms. This retarding
learn from orange growers in any for- I)pro ess is actually resorted to by the
eign country, unless they are our own SiinIishIi colonists of Nicaraugua and
countrymen sojourning there and Ilondulitrs. who whip tle blossonls off
bringing to the industry the keen intel- with ctuooiutt panil fronds. The West
ligence of our* race. The orange in ltli'da oranges generally resemble the
"Spanislt America is tlhe product of na- Floridhts. tiougli none of thetn are rus-
ture; in Florida it is largely the pro- set. but none of them are equal to our
duct of man, and this is one great Ist in flavor. The trees in the West
cause of its superiority. In Sicily Indies growing mostly in a state of
they teach us an almost finical care nature, are not as much troubled as
in gathering the fruit, as they believe Floridt's with insects and diseases.-
that nothing is so detrimental to a ripe Florida Fariner and Fruit Grower.
orange, so destructive to its "bloom" 4 0
and productive of rot as to grasp it Rice Lands of Florida.
with a perspiring hand. Hence, the The following article, by S. L. Cary,
picker of every choice orange first published in the Farm and Home, De-
places a sheet of tissue paper in his cetnler 1, is well worth careful reading
left hand and with it seizes the orange, by our Florida farmers, and by those
then with the right hand cuts it from interested in our agricultural develop-
the stem. meant:
At Santiago, Cuba, the seed of the This enormous development in South-
finest sweet orange from other lands west Louisiana is the result of fifteen
brings a tree which produces an infer- years intelligent labor, combined with
ior sour orange. At Singapore, in sufficient capital. The region alluded
the Straits Settlements. there are two to was. before the advent of modern
kinds of oranges, one juicy but very methods and itachinery, as unproduc-
sour, of a deep green color when ma- tive and valueless as any territory in
ture, and the rind when broken emits lthe lUnited States. It is now tlne of
a strong, peculiar odor, partly orange, tle lost prosperous and up-to-date re.
partly citronella. The other is of the giolls in America.
same size and color, but sweet or in- I have traversed the whole territory
sipid sweet, and of a pyriform or pear from the Teche to tile Sabine, and can
shape. Small trees transplanted to say that there are vast areas of soil,
Singapore from Canton produce or- Prairie and flat woods, in Florida far
anges very different from those they superior in natural advantages for rice
would have borne in Canton; they are growing. The soil is equally fertile.
of a strictly golden russet color; skin More readily drained, and more easily
adherent, pulp very juicy, and as irrigated. Where a few acres are now
sweet as sugar Strangely enough, the grown in Florida (as formerly in Louis-
seed of this intensely sweet orange, ian:) harvested with the sickle, there
planted at Singapore, produces a sour should be thousands of twine-binders


used. There is no doubt about the
quality and quantity of rice grown'on
Florida Ihndts. being equal to that of
:Iany country. The 'area is here, mil-
lions of acres of lands that are cana-
able of perfect drainage and most
economical irrigation by flowing wells. makes short roads.
)Our supply of fertilizer is at our doors.
Floridii now sends l.41),f00X tons of
phospalte annually to feed the grain
fields ind lpastures of the world. With
a soil equal to any and superior to
most other states, there is no reason nd light loads.
Iwhy she should not become the great-
est fiarniing state in the South, pro-
vided slit( begins to grow staple crons
il-e. rice, cassava and beef, allow- I A
ing tlet orange grove and truck farm to
beconte simple adjuncts to the farm, as ood for everything
our friends in Louisiana have done.
Southwest Louisiana was formerly, that runs on wheels.
and is yet, in orange growing region.
Until staple crops were introduced, she Sold Everywhere.
inmade little progress. While oranges
and truck are still grown in large quan- d. by STANDARnD 01o o
titles, their proportionate value is
small, compared to the rice, sugar, beef -
and other staples. R. E. Rose. BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON.
Kissimmne. D december 10. For use In granaries to kill weevil, to de-
stroy rats and gophers and to keep in
The article referred to follows: sects from the seed. etc.
Modern rice growing began with the advent 20 CENTS PER POUND,
of settlers from the northern anid northeastern ut up In ten and fifteen pound cans
states-wheat-growers, with improved machin- iften cents extra for the cans.
er. and a knowledge of its use. e were ex
pert grain-raisers, entirely familiar with the E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville
latest improved machinery, but were failures in
other branches of farming. We saw the Aca-
dian farmer growing small patches of rice in low
spots on the prairie, trodden into the soft
ground by the cattle and horses, watered by the
rains of heaven, and still the crop was a profit-
able one. Seeing this the wheat farmer compared
notes. Wheat gives ten bushels per acre; rice POSITIONS OUARANTBU D,
averages forty. Wheat averages hfty cents .er Under *000 Oash Depoet
bushel at place of production; rice seventy-bive
cents. The cost of growing the forty bIushels __o 111 111, Pam
of rice was from ten dollars to fifteen dollars. OPM SRVWIr 7 0* 8. V1 11y p
and of an acre of wheat five to seven dollars. G2n- l Wm- et3 g 0
leaving the advantage largely with the rice as.
farmer.
But could rice be grown on a large scale?
How could the land he flooded? Would the "Everything for Florida." Fruits,
land support the harvesting and other heavy fr r r
machinery? Also the question of market, mills, Flowers, rees, Shrubs for Orchard
and roads, levees and drainage after flooding. and Lawn, Palms,
All these must be answered favorably* and Bamboos Conifers,
they have been. The soil of the prairies is a Bamb s, Cn i
heavy clay, underlaid at a depth of one to two Ferns, Economic and
feet with a subsoil of heavier clay ten to one 0 rit-bearing trees,
hundred and fifty feet, ant all nearly imper- an all
vious to water, easily flooded and supporting and a
easily the heaviest farming machinery, thus i di sorts of Decorative
fering from all other rice lands of which we Stock, for Northern
have any history. llut sixty inches uo rain is House culture as
not sufficient to flood lands under all circum- House Culture as
stances, therefore, this must be supplemented ot well as the South.
with artificial irrigation, canals fed from rivers. Rlt-'o T'ropical Plants, East and West
lakes and bayous running over the surface of
an almost level prairie, with flumes on either Ildlianl and other Exotic Plants. Send
side to put water upon the fields of rice. Near- for splendid illustrated catalogue, free.
ly one hundred of these, from one to fifty miles
in length, flood the land with water and our We make special efforts to keep down
people with wealth. insect pests, and will not send out
These were started six years ago. Three years
ago some enterprising farmers conceived the "white flies" or other serious pets, or
idea of putting down wells. This was attempt- diseases. 1711 year. Reasoner Bros.,
ed anti was attended with many difficulties. The co Fla.
soil was made up of alternate layers of clay and
quick-sand. and the digging of wells was tnsuc-
cessful until accomplished lby hydraulic pres-
sure, so that now we have 100 to 150 success ful COCAINE WHISKY
wells. A six inch well 150 to 200 feet in depth.
a five-inch pump, and ten-horse power engine non jd at S mr
will flood one hundred acres successfully at of retrence. 6 yna a eeait. Book o
a cost of $1 to $P per acre. which is always in- Home Treatmet -ent PFRE. Addr--
eluded as a part of the cost per acre of the B.M. WOO EY, M. D., Atlanta,
crop.
'Necarly all the prairie country can be flooded
by canals or wells. Each mile of canal can flood TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
I.UO acres, each well from 100 to .300 acres.
Wells are generally from 150 to 250 feet deep. Por polishing cleaning
The water rises to the surface or near it, and or washing orange s
can be united at water-level, and one large and lemons, without
pump anti engine may do for a dozen wells, and lemons. without
more or less. There seems to be an unlimited injury, and a slight ex-
supply of water in the earth at a general pense.
depth of 150 feet. rising to or near the surface
as soon as reached. Fifteen years ago mills WR W IHT BROS.,
and market were at New Orleans; southwest
Louisiana was an unknown quantity and cn-
try. The Carolinas grew the rice of the United
States; a very little was grown along the Miss-
issippi river with lississippi water from flumes
orsiphon. At this time, 1184, one Maurice
Bryne of Deleware county. La., brought a
twine-binding harvester to Jennings, La., which
with some little alteration, made a successful
rice harvester. This was a revolution and now
some four thousand twine-binding harvesters Jl You
and 8.000 men do the work of 160.000 men with hrow what
the sickle. It takes forty men with the old you're planting
sickle to do what we do with one machine. All when you plant
machinery is up-to-date, and southwest Louis- jerry's Seeds. If you
ina grows three-fourths of all the domestic buy cheap seeds you can't
rice, andi the very best quantity in the markets. besre. Take no hancees-
As t., rice mills, our necessities have compell- be Take no chace -
ed is to build them in the rice country. The get Ferry)s. Dealers every-
profit of cleaning is enormous; one season's where sell them. Write
run will frequently pay for the mill and all ex- for 1D01 Seed Annual-
penses. New )rleans millers. notwithstanding mailed free.
ihis. took our rice and returned us very little
with our sack. We were compelled to build to D. M. FERRY A CO.,
get even the sacks returned. ( )ur first mills l U
cost $.U000 to $80.000 and have long since paid
for themselves. Any good mill at 50 cents per
barrel will pay for itself and all running ex-
penses in one season. Our market at first was
ew Oerleans. today at home, cash on the spot
or at the mills in the rice country. At one time free. As to drainage, for most of the rice fields
before we built our mills, the New Orlenas it is inexpensive. And as to quantity, 3000 ,0
mills entered into combination, all closed down, to 5,000,000 acres of prairie land can be utilized
but one, and we were forced to send our rice for rice.
to New Orleans, 200 miles away, and take the *
single bid of one man. tI
Clay soil makes the very best cheap wagon Mrs. Netuych (bidding good-by to
roads, and so we found that an expense of less he1r gtlests, after her first recetion)-
than $100 per mile made excellent roads. As to I'I o sorry that the rain kept all our
levees they're quite inexpensive, so much so a a a
that the first user of the land makes the levees best people away!










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


VBT~1 ~A3LY DEPA.RTMENT. forms of influenza. In other cases, the c
eall as we do -hat many of our ,breathing is very much affected, which I
reades- frequently need the advice of a is. perhaps. more lprceptible at the 1
skilled Veterinary Surgeon, and that they nostrils than at the flank: the throat
are ndt always in a position to secure the Sor
serves of such, we have arranged, for re: the ronhial tues soon become
the benefit of our readers, with Dr. W. E. involved and you hear: a peculiar noise. g
French, of Daytona. Fla., a Veterinary 'I'le legs ainId ears change in tempera-
Surgeon and dentist. who will answer all
iiQuiries relating to the ailments of do- Ir' very much.
mesticated animals, through the columns Th'ey l my le 11ol. andl ill -l our may
of this paper free of charge. Should any e tilt, normal temperature; then, m
wish advice requiring ain extended answer
by mall, they should enclose one dollar again. 0old. etc. The general tempera. 1
for reply which win cover the case fully. tll.e nlmay lie il some illcreased to 105
l----- deg'es, prlihas. 'The eyes are solme-
Influenza. tiles affected, alld so it is solnetilnes
o named cause it was fle clled Pink Eye. owing to tlil reddden. s
1' 4, iiitli in of tiac li s. k diselia rg,' -
Slo nap edl benaue it was fonnly t .odiion of io i iifes.c A idismarge s
supposed ta lit ilfluenced by ihe stars. front thlie nostrils is a favorable sign, .
It may aplipar in a very malignant if it is (of yellowish white color,; b]i
form. It is very (colimon among hors- if it ihas i browniish red or rusty p- i
es of this country. and is of a speCi- l(airane, it is syviptolmatic- of great de-
fie character. It is a febrile disease. presion. II some instances tle
and involves different orgausl of tle I'Iirelhinig i, is increased, and ilood1 is
body. as the liver, lungs. lieart and l disc.harg.d froi the nostrils. Pulse
pleura. etc. The great central sys- is cihan;geahle kind of false, irreg-
tem is implicated. arising from sonle ihr pulse and su.ch :re very had signs.
morbifle matter or poison ill tile blood. ,In a great many lases tlhe liver is
the respiratory organs Ieing oftener funlitionally deranged. but there is not
involved than any other. Cerelro- ,,-li(.i orgaimilc cilange: i snli a case
spinal meningitis may IJN said to be there is yellowness of the lclncous
different form of influenza. nliemirraiesn of the month and eye.
A great amount of talk could 1b Infltenza m:ay terminate in Entertis
brought forth. Ioth as to how this pol- and death. If the liver is affected the
son gets into tile system. and a;s to bowelss will -,, quite irregular, costive-
what kind of poison it is that produces les,,,,s id ta;rlioe:i alternating. Any
influenza. It may get into the sys- ,f the s,'-rce;ing glands may tle more or
tent in various ways. It is caIused 1, less aiffen.ted. lnd i llav assume in-
some atmospheric influence: solc con- ,,tlic,. for.ll. tlltt of a d(irosical formal.
edition that has not been found out pre- il which tle, legs. slle:itll. udder and
closely. There is some difference of eyelids inay present oedeilatous symp-
opinion as to whether it is contagious toms: and if in tle latter stages it is
or not. It is better to keep the animal a .had sign. but if in the first stages,
away from other animals. if conven- anid tin swelling is confined to the legs,
lent; but what operates upon one ant- and but slight. it is rather favorable.
may operate upon a number at the I'nless there is great fever present, and
same time. Such as the enizootic great depression. it is rather, a good
which in '72 and '76 could not be symptom. but if ill the latter stages. It
accounted for as of a contagious form. is from dlbility. and is apt to soon ter-
Influenza is more prevalent in the iinaite in well marked disease of the
spring and autumn months, when the lungs and plleura. If the lungs are at-
animals are changing their coats. But fectedl thie pulse becomes weaker and
it may appear in an epizootic form- is oppressed, and ill the last stages the
that is. it attacks a great many ani- animal stands until death. It is more
mals similarly at the same time. I will ;ipt to produce subacute diseases of the
not now speak of these very severe lungs and pleura. OOing to impaired
epirootic forms. hut will speak of it functional power of the organs, effu-
as seen more or less every year. In sioln and suppuration takes place read-
'76 it prevailed to a great extent and ily. If it is of a subacute character.
as you see it in such cases it is more effusion is much more than in a com-
severe than in ordinary circumstances, nion case of pleurisy. The animal us-
It is in all probability caused by some nally maintains a standing position In
peculiar atmospheric influences, which influenza: lie may lie down. and when
exercise an injurious effect upon the down the Ireathing is increased much.
animal. This may tie said to he the ex- ibut if lie is inl an easy position allow
citing cause, but there are many other liii to lie. It gives great relief, unless
influences which may produce the dis- there is a danger of suffocation. This
ease. Ill ventilated stables. the ant- dise:as may produce water in the peri-
mal not receiving at tile same time a cardialt sack. It also has a tendency
sufficient supply of nutritive food. may to affect tlte joints. Your patient is
produce it. It occurs in the most so- pl,,rh:i)ms convalesing. but may l e called
vere form in larger cities and in larger a;ick. al1d perllaps will find him suffer-
stables. and especially in under-ground ing from severe 1ain in some of the
stables. and may attack the grp.it ner- joilntq. alld tlere' may be rheumatic
vous centers. Experience tells us that lanidnitis.
if the animals are compelled to breath Treatmenit.--Give plenty of pure air.
lad air. and are not given sufficient ex- Is in all such diseases. I e.i not
ercise. they are more likely to have in k str of is art f
flvenza: while one that is well exercis- t, tnnt,
ed and well fed is not so -iisc(.eitible, t
but all are subject to it. ('lothe he body ae carding to season
Symptoms very much doliend upon of t1hlt year'r: have the legs hand-rub-
the organ or organs most effected. The 1"i'd 1ld il lndl:igeld. Keep the blood in
early symptoms aire a dull.languid. ap- -ir<-'lhtion a;s well as possible. Many
pearance: eats poorly, sweats freely people' place tihe animal in a lose stall
upon the slightest exertion: coal somlle- or box to keep hill warnll. but this Is
what staring and dirty-looking: month l"ot ; groodl \v' ti a"llllly warnlth. It
hot and dry. and tilere nmay lie a cough, wold tie better to Irli l osehan to
After a short time there will be well keep hlii illn ; eight hox. Use rational
marked symptoms. The cough is eas- treatment. according as the comfort
ily excited by pressure uponl the "f you"r 'iatient demands. Support
throat; the towels usually costive. The tlhe systeln, and assist nature to throw
fecis passed after a few days are small off the disease. for influenza will run
dry pellets. The pulse considerably it" compile in spite of medicine. Use
altered: generally a quick, weak pulse: odla and iotaslh. Chlorate of potash
varying from 60 to V1> heats a minute, is to be preferred, in one drachm doses.
but it may not be very quick. The two or three times a day: but if there
dullness may be followed by more is great fever, use nitrate of potash.
marked symptoms. The horse appears which is preferable. Feed well on nu-
to be suffering from intense headache, li-itive food: give some roots, such as
and if caused to walk off. shows great carrots. (realt care must be used in
signs of nervous depression, amd ap- feeling the horse. If you give too
pears so weak that you could almost in111h food lih will not lie so apt to eat
throw him over. The pnlse in suncs a it as if but little was given at a time:
case will be intermittent. showing that gi've small iaounts of any kind of
the poison was acting upon the nervous f'ood: feed from the hand. etc. Use
centers, and not in the ordinary man- stilulianlts, liquor acitate of ammonia.
ner. In such a case the respiratory two ounces sweet spirits nitre, one
organs may not lie affected so much ounce two or three times a day. I
as in the other cases. Cerebro- spinal give whisky in influenza if I can get it
meningitis may be produced in this In severe cases you may have to re
way, so that you will have various strict the diet, but not often. The se-


be generous. Ieed sparingly of corn. Third:-Because it has made so
anl use oats and bran with goTo clo-
ver hay. Oilmeal makes an excellent many sickly, delicate children
addition to the colt's rations. The strong and healthy, given health
stealing must also ie good during the and rosy cheeks to so many pale,
first winter. andl a goito sized lot or anaemic girls, and healed the lungs
tield should lie provided for exercise. and restored to full health, so many
lDuing the first year and al alalong upI, thouandsin the first stages of
to maturity the growth of the feet thousands the rst stages
should have attention. Neglect of the Consumption.
hoofs often causes deformed feet and it you have not tried it, send for free sample,
crookedl limbis. The feet should be ts agreeable taste will surprise you.
kept-l]in The fot ashtou go 0TSCOTT & nOWNE, Chemists.
kept Iproerly trimnled so as to grow 409-415 Pearl Street. New York.
well shlled feet and limis. Before and andl.; all druggists.
offering your horse for sale ie sure
to lhave Ilim well shod. well groomed
and fit. It is fully as important to
fatten horses for market as any other
stock. Fal horses always sell first and
hest. and111 always command from 15
to 21c per -enllt. more than horses out

Stock 4(rower.
\iith their horseless carria'ge advent
so nieire' feared ily te l horse and Inulle
ilnusltry, the prices have advanced 7io
Ile cent. for tine noble animal. nTh
iublse will lnot go ouit of use. amnd its
lliO'er I bre'ling gronu4nd is the South-
hrn11 Staites.-Sollthern Ruralist.

DEAFNESS CAN NOT BE CURED
by local applications, as they can not
reach the diseased portion of the ear. W
There is only one way to cure deaf-
ness, and that is by constitutional
remedies. Deafness is caused by an in- VETERI NARIAN
flamed condition of the mucous lining Will Treat all Diseases or t omesticat-
of the Eustachian Tube. When this
tube gets inflamed you have a rum- ed Animals.
bling sound or imperfect hearing, and SURGERY AND DENTISTRY
when it is entirely closed deafness is r-O t
the result, and unless the inflammation A Secily
can be taken out, hearing will be de- DAYTONA, FLORIDA.
stroyed forever; nine cases out of ten
are caused by catarrh, which is noth-
ing but an inflamed condition of the Is in Love.
mucous surfaces. Seffner, Fla., Oct. 16, '99.
We will give One Hundred Dollars E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
for any case of deafness (caused by Gentlemen:-Our trees are doing
catarrh) that can not be cured, by well. I find Mr. W. S. O'Brien, of Seff-
Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for circu- ner, is very much in love with Simon
lars, free. Pure. Yours truly,
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. H. H. Harvey.
Sold by druggists, 75 cents. *
Hall's Family Pills are the best. Can't you win one of our premiums?


retions are impaired and you will find
benefit from getting the bowels to act
)y giving injecions and in very rare
ases yon may give a laxitive. Oil is
preferable to aloes. but aloes 'may be
iiven two or three drachms. hut be
-ery careful in giving it in influenza.
is it is likely to set up superpurgation.
;ive whiskey and milk. or beef tea.
)o not attempt to force food, for it on-
y acts as all irritant.
It is possible to have a case where
I. sedative is necessary, but I have seen
iut few such -cases, and have seen
Some wheitre it did great harm. Thte
11ina1111 Illiy get oo Imuch i aeoite a:1nd
show signs of weakening. Use stimnu-
ants in such a case. You may use dig-
talis if the breathing is difficult. You
will find benefit from keeping up fo-
iiientations if tilhe brocllhiil tllies are
iaffccled. or the throat is sore. you may
ise counter irritation. Influenza is not
generally very fatal-but when bleed-
ing and purging were resorted to. the
itortality was very great. If the ani-
ial shows signs of approaching con-
valescence, the eye clear, the pulse
tirmer and slower, appetite returning.
the body and limbs more of a natural
temperature. you may give sulphate of
iron or quinine, or iodide of potassium.
If tile legs -are much swollen. or the
nervous centers inInli affected give po-
lnide of potassiuml or noxvollnia. Af-
ter the fever li;s :passr e off the chlo-
iaIte of O ita slh is best.
W. E. French. Veterinarian.

The Horse.
From Colt to Horse.-The tirst year
is the critical period in the life of a
horse. The colt's first summer and win-
ter generally determine its future out-
icome. No subsequent care. however
good. will compensate for poor treat-
ment during lthe first year. It pays to
trtet and feed the colt -well. The first
year is usually anl expensive one. but
good colts are the only kind worth rais-
ing. The feed should ll be such as will
make hone and muscle. and it should


This picture is the trade mark of
SCOTT'S EMULSION, and is on
every bottle of SCOTT'S EMUL-
SION in the World, which now
amounts to many millions yearly.
This great business has grown to
sucl vast proportions,

First;-Because the proprietors
have always been most careful in
selecting the various ingredients
used in its composition, namely;
the finest Cod Liver Oil, and the
purest Hypophosphites.

Second:-Because they have so
skillfully combined the various
ingredients that the best possible
results are obtained by its use.


?









":-f THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


a I Em.' IZlER DWIPAB7T IE T. sell for less than six cents; with a record that take to economize by resorting to "home mix- DO YOU GET UP
shows a disposition generally to diversify our tures." This mixture at home may be ac-
All ommuications or enquiries for this de- crops, no people were ever better prepared than complished after a fashion-that is all. Exceed-
partment should be addressed to ours successfully to grapple with the problems ing few. if any, farmers possess the facilities WITH A LAM
FLORIDA ARICTLTRI of the hour. This happy condition puts us in necessary for the work.
FLORIDA AGRICIULTURIST, position to discuss with greater freedom, and We have passed to a great extent, but not
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla. possible mutual advantage, methods in farm- wholly, out of the atmosphere of suspicion as Kidney Treable MIak Y
to the value of the guarantee given by manu-
There arc three things for which ever south- facturers of high grade commercial fertilizers.
Answer to Correspondents. en farmer should strive. They are essential I have before me a report of analysis made by Almost everybody who re
correo es to success: an agricultural experiment station east of
Editor Fertilizerr D iparnitmnt: 1st. Labor-saving farm implements and 2nd. 2,268 brands, of commercial fertilizers. The re- papers is sure to know of
P t: 1 ifnrl tht "fi a more thorough preparation of the soil. port shows that in less than seven per cent. iL.. cures
ents: n nfornel that "fis 3rd. A more liberal, uniform and universal of the brands a certain constituent element Kilmer'
scrap" enters to sollel considerable ex- use of high grade fertilizers, fell below the guarantee. For example, in a IIth
tent i the akil of "COl ercl fr- Ih uncertainty and unreliability of our aver- brand which guaranteed 1.94 pounds of nitro- the great
tenlt i t.le IlakiIg of "(o lercial fer- age farm labor make labor-saving 4arm imple- gen. 2.52 pounds were found: where 5.00 pounds and blade
tilizers." This being the case, I amn ments and machinery indispensable. Disc of potash were guaranteed, 6.33 were found; [ It is tl
of tile opinion it can ie saved and pre- plows. disc harrows, improved grain drills, where 9.50 pounds of phosphoric acid were ca triun
hrst-class weeding machines and cultivators, guaranteed, 9.08 only were found. There were I tenth
pared froln our Florida fisheries, pro. etc., should be called into action as rapidly 158 examples of this kind out of 268 one hun- teth
Vided the machinery is not too expen- as possible on every southern farm. The use of dred pound samples. The overwhelming ma- covered
e for mapulating it. Will yo te all such implements must be made the rule jority went beyond the guarantee. The fact is, scientific
ivre for manilahting it. Will you tlhen rather than the exception, manufacturers of fertilizers, who are establish- I Dr. Kill
be so kind as to give ile. if you call. The implements and the machines referred to ed. or are establishing themselves in business, Dr. Kil
the following information: will save time and guarantee more satisfactory cannot afford to put inferior goods on the mar- nent kid
(1). I it Inrm tiy oeai ral results whether used on the smaller farms near ket. This is true independently of the rigid sys- der spe
(11). Is it (yUri by IMlc nl.llic.al pro- the cities full or on plantations in the country tem of analysis and inspection provided and wonderfully successful In pr
CO~S or by acids? sparse. To possess and operate them will be enforced by the several states.
(2). If by mechanicl process. w:it to give full assurance of a perfect' seed bed in Our great want is smaller acreage, a more lame back, kidney, bladder,
would a small out-fit costly? If y acd, ever cultivated acre. This itself will be of in- liberal use of commercial fertilizers. bles and Bright's Disease, wh
would a small out-fit cost? If by acid, calculable value. The unsightly clods and
the name and probahle cost of same? other "sil loafers" will be speedily relegated form of kidney trouble.
the name an probable cost of same the rear. and every farm in eorgia and Brief Synopsis of the Present Ferti- Dr. Klmer's Swmp-Rom
(3). In your opinion will any kind the south will become as beautiful as the hand- 11zer 4aws. ommendedforeverythingbut
of fish properly treated find a sale on somely terraced, well kept acres that greet the Iey, liver or bladder trouble
the market? eye here and yonder, in this state and in neigh- Prof. Rawls, state chemist, has is- ney, liver or bidder trouble
te markt? borimt states. just the remedy you need. It
Yours truly, But that is not all, or the half either, sued the following circular which will ino manyways, in hospital
I .. We need to begin in real earnest the use of
high grade commercial fertilizers. What a bare lh of geunertl interest to fertilizer us- practice, among the helpless
Sumterville, Fla. faced declaration that must appear to be when ers: chase relief and has proved s
(1). Fish scrap is nll:de in a way the fact is recalled that, in each of the years everycasethat a special a
very similar to tankage. The fish a 1M and 18e. Georgia farmers used i an Evey, sublstale prepared, manu- been made by which all reader
Th fislh are paid for commercial fertilizers to the amount of fac.tnurel. sold or illliported for fertiliz- who have not already tried It,
cooked to extract tlhe oil. compressed, eight million dollars ($8,000.000).
and dried. The scralp is sometimes Eight million dollars a year for manufact- ing purposes. except barn yard or sta- sample bottle sent free by ma
treated with a to mr red fertilizers, d yet talk of the necessity lie nmanure. tobacco stems and crude telling more about Swamp-R
treated with all tacid to make more of for a propaganda in their behalf-urging farm-
the phosphoric acid available. ers to begin in downright earnest to use them. cotton seed. shall pay a tonnage tax o findout if youhavekidney or
plupse..da on a scle thatare acreage. \ae undertake year y year rrel or other package shall have at- offer in this paper and
pturpoMo. oil a sea-tl that will pay, re- to cultivate too large an area. The work is im-
tquires an outlay of from fifty to sev- perfectly done. It proves unprofitable. It has taclled a tag representing this fact, send your address to
be en fr years and still is the practice in Geor_ which tag shall be issued by the Corn- Dr. Kilmer&Co.,Bing-
elnty-five tlloulsad dollars. Stall oUt- gia and other southern states to apply an aver.
fits can be Put up for from three to age of 140 pounds of commercial fertilizer per Ilissioller of Agriculture. The Corn- hamton, N. Y. The
four thousand dollars. Sutlphuric actl acre for cotton, fifty pounds per acre for corn. llissioner of Agriculture has power at regular fifty cent and Hoe
Ssteventy-five to one hundred pounds per acre all times to have samples taken of any dollar sizes are sold by all go
is used. Cost $1 iar 1410 in slnall lots, for wheat. Hence, instead of one bale of cot-
$ to $8 per ton inl lunntiticts. ton per acre, we have been making one-third of fertilizer or fertilizing material on sale,
(3). Ye. a ae; instead of thirty to fifty bushels of corn I. il tlie hands of the consumer which E "
(3). Yes per acre, we have been making ten to fifteen THE "COMMON 5
instead of forty to sixty bushels of wheat per thus r'itrtsents tie actual goods of-
lditor Fertilizer Deprtmrnt: acre, we have been harvesting fifteen to twen- fered for sale. ORANGE SIZER ANI
Editor Fertilizer i ~eprt'tntn: ty-five bushels. ]*very ltaekae of fertilizer offered
I want a fertilizer for cukes. How This ought not so to he. It is false economy Every lpakage of fertilizer offered
is the following? to use fertilizers sparingly. There is no econ- for sale Intst have attached a plainly Cheapelta l BtSi a S e
,fW) po s brigt o se omy in the use of low grade fertilizers. The printed label. a copy of which must be
1.,000 onndtls Ibright cottoll seed 1eal, best are the cheapest.
750 pounds kainit. 250 pounds low Aroused as the farmers have been and organ- filed with the Commissioner or Agri- Over 1,-44) in use in F
grade notash. ized as they are becoming, no appeal would culture stating the number of net foriia, JanLaica, and in th
grade otash, seem to be necessary, or in order,-in favor of a iOll, ad te ae of the fertilizer, I It h s of
Would you suiggst sometlintg better? restricted cotton acreage in 1901. Surely there puns. a tile name of the fertilizer, isio houses of New Y
I want it for upland, which means dry will be no disposition anywhere to increase the tlie name and address of the manu- Philadelphia, and other p
land, nsnally dri weathr and cotton acreage. A 20 per cent reduction would f:ctnrer. alni analysis. giving the per- O e s r
land, usually dry weather and of be the wiser course to adopt and put into prac- Orange sizer.
course requires something that absorbs twice. Reduce the acreage one-third and increase cenltage of mIoisture. the available and without hop-
much moisture. J. A J the quantity of high-grade commercial fertil- insoltblle pliosplloric acid, ammonia per y 0
S izers applied to each acre from 140 pounds to and notash. per $6. o
Sumterville, Fla. 400 to 500 pounds and we shall have a crop in o With hoper w
In the above mixture you defeat the keeping with existing conditions. This would Anty manufacturer who misrepre- W h p
very object that you w toffrd a splendid opportunity to apply the in- sets the proportions of phosphoric
pllsh. You use kalnit as a source of Mr. W. J. Bridge, of Spalding county, in acid, allmlonia or potash in any fer- h
potash on account of the moisture it this state, who won the prize for the largest tilizer, is subject to a penalty of five f-
p on account of th istureit yield per acre of wheat on four acres--Georgia h.ndred dollars for ti> first nse,
contains, but use cotton seed meal as Wheat Growers' contest 189o900--tells us he hundred dollars for the first offense,
your source of ammonia, which will used 400 pounds of a high-grade fertilizer per and one thousand dollars for each sub-
bsorb te tie as mch moisture acre on upland which he had been bringing up sepient offense.
absorb ten times as much moisture asor four years by the use of stable manur and ent ffense
your kalnit contains. Kainit is hy- the droppings from the cattle pen. Failure to pay the tonnage tax of
groseoniic i Ifs nature and condenses His average yield on 16 acres was 42 1-2 bush- twenty-five cents per ton is a disde-
the m Is Isnture itn con do n ste,, els. So fair an average could not have been ob-
the moisture it contains front tile air gained by the use of 75 to 100 pounds of fertil- meanor, and the penalty is two hun.
and will make anything moist it comes izer per acre even on the best wheat lands in dred dollars for the first offense, and
this state. one h red and fifty dollars for each
in contact with. Cotton seed meal is Forty-two and a half bushels of prime wheat one hundred and fifty dollarsfor each
the very opposite; it absorbs moisture, per acre is pretty good, hut it does not repre- subsequent offense, and in addition it
and will make anything it touches, sent all that Georgia soil. out side the wheat is made the duty of the sheriff of each
yer Cotton ed there belt. is capable of accomplishing under more county to seize and sell all unstamped Brights and Russets ci
dryer. Cotton seed nmeal. tlherefore, liberal treatment. and graded at the same tit
is the least desirable source of ammo- Forty-two and a half bushels of prime wheat fertilizers. and graded at the same ti
na for dry land a it s the most eat per acre is encouragingly good for Georia soil Any person purchasing fertilizers for f $8.50 machine, 500 bo
nia for dry land. as it is the most heat- when Idaho, Colorado and Kansas. wheat enec- Capacity of g ec.00 machine
ing. For the same reason it is good ialists. so to speak, average respectively 24, 23 his own use. such person being a cit- capacity of $.00 machine
for low damp lands, as it takes up the and 29 bushels per acre. zen of Florida, can have an-analysis Send for Circul
lust any kind of fertilizer will not answer for of o rid a hen als Sn c
moisture and the heat helps to warm wheat. The character and condition of the soil of such fertilizer made by the State J. T. CAIRNS, -
up the soil. In place of the formula must be taken into consideration when deter- Chemist, free, by taking and sealing a
you mention, we would suggest: mining the quality and quantity of fertilizer to fair sample. in the presence of two dis.
8 pounds nie w o fd so bhe applied, hut as a rule 600 pounds of a fertil-
248 pounds nitrate of soda, 600 izer containing the food which wheat requires interested witnesses, and having it Well Digging Outfit
pounds high grade blood and bone, 400 will give better results than a foreign quality sent to the Commissioner of Agricul- Fp lle.
and a smaller quantity.Fo Sae
pounds murlate of potash. 752 pounds \We buy commercial fertilizers freely. but we tre by a disinterested person.
acid phosphate. use them per acre scantily. We skip where we The best way to tell anything about We have a steall, well-dl
phosphulalte ~os houd be liberal. a fertilizer is to have a chemical analy
This would give you five to six per Is t nost wiser better, cheaper to treat seven fertile is to have a al- with tools complete for
cent. ammonia, tell to eleven per cent. acres of poor land. for example, with two tons sis made of it. Nothing can be told
of potash, and seven to eight per cent. of a concentrated fertilizer possessing a full frotl the appearance or from the odor- froth four to twelve inch
measure of nitrogen. phosphoric acid and pot- il lW8 to protect the far- which we l sell at lt
phosphoric aid against four to five ash and gather 5 bushels of corn than give e good laws to protect the far- wic we ca sell at
per cent. ammlonia, seven to eight per half ton to twenty acres and make all told 200 llers and they should avail themselves ile original cost. Any o
cent. potash and one to two per cent. bushels? of tlese laws. The stamps show that in ge g a
phosphoric acid, as in your formula. 45East the Irish potato is the staple crop. It the tax of twenty-five cents per ton in getting a well-diging
phosphoric acid, as in your formula, is customary to apply 1.500 pounds of a fertil- tax of twenty-five cents per ton lec-orond with u
The formula we suggest, if mixed and izer. rich in ammonia phosnhoric acid. and es- has been paid. the printed analysis on please correspond with u
sacked and allowed to stand, will soon pecially potash, per acre. The average yield of the label shows what the goods ought E. 0. PAINT
a tract which I have in mind, thus treated, to contain. and 1o farmer should.ac- Jac
gather enough moisture to have the was 300 bushels of merchantable potatoes per to ntain and no farmer should ck
appearance of having been wet, which acre. Four hundred pounds of a grain fertil- cept any goods without this printed
condition is what you wish to bring izer was applied broadcast and the tract sown guarantee on every package; if this,
to wheat. The yield per acre was 34 bushli.
about in your dry soil. The field was left to hay for two years. yield together with the stamp, is not on every ed from them: if you are
ine two and a half tons per acre. Corn follow- package, then something is wrong, and of fertilizers write a postal
Smaller Acreg ore Fertilizer the double ithes t o a ls.lThis usel phig engr te Commissioner of Agriculture ought Commissioner of Agricul
Hon. Martin V. Calvin, of Augusta, fertilizers and rotation of crops. to be notified and he will give the mat- for a copy of the law. read
a., discusses as follows the needs of ave emphasized throughout this article ter rompt attention. The object of many safeguards it throws
Ga., discusses as follows the needs ot high ,rade fertilizers for the reason that for
the Southern farmer in the Atlanta general purposes, on light or heavy soils- the law is to protect the farmer. Be- sale of fertilizers and wh
Journal, they are more desirable than stable manure. It fore the establishment of the Depart- tion it is to every agricult
I do not know a subject to the study f is of corse, the art of wisdom for every ent of Agriculture, and the office of state.
I do not know a subject to the study of farmer to save and spread on his lands all the
which we can turn with greater profit than that manure that comes from lot and pen, but he State Chemist, Florida was flooded *
which relates to the cultivation of the south's cannot afford to haul stable manure three miles with worthless fertilizers, now these There are few country
broad acres. wta even though it he a gift. or attempt progress t tion not the rule world ere American
With cotton at ten cents, with a certainty without a liberal supply of high grade com- are .the exception not the rule. world where American m
almost that it will go to 12 1-2 cents, with the merc'al fert.r;zers. Many people do not understand our cards are not found. They a
fact that, in the presence of a steady increase I am satisfied that. with the rarest exception, fertilizer laws, and consequently fail renllarkable popularity in tl
in the number of small-factories near the cot- if indeed there be an exception, it is utterly
ton fields, we shall never see middling cotton impracticable for the average farmer to under- to obtain the advantages to be deriv- Japan liking them particul


BACK?

SlseraMble.
ads the news-
the wonderful
made by Dr.
s Swamp-Root,
t kidney, liver
Ider remedy.
he great medi-
iph of the nine-
century; dis-
after years of
c research by
mer, the emi-
Iney and blad-
cialist, and s
promptly curing
uric acid trou-
ich is the worst
It is not rec-
if you have kid-
it will be found
has been tested
rork, in private
oo poor to pur-
o successful in
management has
rsof this paper

l, also a book
>ot and how to
laddertrouble.
g this generous



otlhIl><
d drnggit.

ENSE"
GRADERR.

ge Market.

lorida, Call-
ie large o-
orr, Boston,
points.
Combined
rapefruit &
'ange sizers,
without hop-
ers, $8.00.
ime with
opper $10.50.


an be sized
me. Capacity
xes per day.
, 200 boxes.
ar.
Land, Fi.




digging outfit
boring wells
es diameter,
ts than half
ne interested
outfit cheap,
s.
ER & CO.,
nville, Fl.

a consumer
I card to the
ture asking
1 It, see how
Around the
at a protect.
urist in the


ies in the
ade playing
[re attaining
he far East,
early.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


VBPARTN1MT OF ORNAMENTAL
HOB'IC' u ''U BR.

BY W. C. STEELE,
SWITZERLAND, - FLORIDA


A Floral Love Story.
It is our aim to make this denart-
ment practical as well as interesting.
For that reason we seldom put in any
poetry. But. "a little nonsense now
and then is relished by the Iest of
men," and women too. The following
poem by Blanche Gardher Spinney. in
"The Modern lriscilla." is certainly
amusing:
Fair Marguerite a maiden was,
Sw&et William was her lover;
Their path was twined with Bitter
Sweet,
It did not run through Clover:
The Ladies' Tresses raven were.
Her cheeks a lovely Rose;
She wore fine Ladies' Slippers
To warm her small Pink toes.
Her Poppy was an Elder,
He had a Mint of gold;
An awful old Snapdragon
To make one's blood run cold!
His temper was like Sour Grass;
His daughter's heart he wrung
With words both fierce and bitter.
He had an Adder's Tongue!
The lover's hair was like the Flax
Of pure Germanic type.
He wore a Dutchman's Breeches.
He smoked a Dutchman's Pipe,
He sent Marsh-mallows by the pound,
And choicest Wintergreen;
She painted him Forget-me-nots,
The bluest ever seen!
He couldn't serenade her
Within the Nightshade dark,
For every Thyme he tried it
Her father's Dogwood bark.
And so he set a certain day
To meet at Four O'clock.
Her face was pale as Snowdrops,
E'en whiter than her frock;
The lover vowed he'd Pine and die
If she should say him no.
And then he up and kissed her
Beneath the Mistletoe.
"My love will Live Forever.
My sweet will yon be true?
Give me a little Heart's-ease,
Say only, 'I love Yew!' "
She faltered that for him alone
She'd Orange Blossoms wear-
Then swayed like supple Willow,
And tore her Maiden-hair.
For Madder than a hornet
Before them stood her pop.
Who swore he'd Cane the fellow
Until he made him Hop.
Oh. quickly up Rose Mary;
She cried. You'll Rue the day.
Most cruel father! Haste. my dear,
And Lettuce flee away!"
But that inhuman parent
So plied his Birch Rod there.
He settled all flirtation
Between the hapless Pear.
The youth a monastery sought,
And donned a black Monk's-hood;
The maiden ate Poison ivy,
And died within a wood.
a
Ruellia Formosa.


Under this name we procured last
spring a plant entirely new to us. Be-
ing small when received, it was sever-
al weeks before it bloomed. But when
it began, it kept at it persistently all
summer.
The flowers are alout an inch in di-
ameter, something over an Inch In
length. They are very irregular, hav-
ing a grinning face-like shape some-
what like Snapdragons. The color is a
vivid Intense scarlet.
The plant seeds freely and if it should
not prove hardy could be easily repro-
duced from seed.
*
lantana Sellowiana.
The plant is usually listed in cata-
logues as L. delicatissima. or "Weep-
ing Lantana." It is not "weeping" in
the ordinary use of the word but rath-
er trailing like a Petunia or Verbena,


if our semi-tropical climate, we occa-
ionallly have sudden cold snaps that
oftenn catch tender house plants not
suitably protected. If you have no
-ellar. improvise one from a dark clos-
't or lacking lhat a box or barrel close-
y covered in a cool but not cold room:
lDfficulty No. 1.-Frozen plants,
hile simplest, easiest and best treat-
nent is to remove them at once to a
lark cellar. and leave them there un.
watered until they are thawed out.
Quick thawing. or exposure to the light
-while thawing. is fatal to all but plant
lf iron-clad hardiness. Do not be in
1 hurry to return the plants to their
old lqarters, even if they thaw
out apparently uninjured. A frozen
plant is essentially a sick plant, and
ome that for quite a time is doubly
snsceltible to cold. Let plants stay
two or three days to fully recover the
shock. or if the plant is slightly wilty,
until it fully recovers. When once
thawed out. if foliage and stems are
completely cooked and soft, cut off to
tie sound wood, even if it takes all
above the roots. Otherwise the spoil-
ed sap would sour and quickly kill the
whole plant. In many cases a strong
plant will spring right up again from
the roots after the frozen top has been
cut away. If the main wood seems
sound, remove the damaged foliage
and limbs. A dark closet, if frostproof.
will do as well as a cellar. This slow
tlawing in the dark saves a much larg-
er proloirtion of frozen plants than the
old plan of showering the tops with
cold water.
Difficulty No. 2.-Chilled plants. This
happens many times. The plants are
not frozen, but chilled, and the foliage
and tender tops hang like a wilted rag.
The first thing that nine out of ten
people do in such a case is to water the
plant to revive it. A worse thing
could not be done. Fight shy of wa-
ter always with a sick plant, and a
chilled plant is very sick for a time.
Water and sunshine make it sicker
Iand sicker. Put them instead in a dark
corner. or better yet. pin them up in a
thick newspaper. A few hours to a
day or two will restore a merely chilled
plant. but like a frozen plant it remains
for a time extra easily affected by the
cold. and must Ib looked carefully af-
ter on cold nights.
Difficulty No. 3.-White worms in
soil. One flower grower rarely has
ally along her plants. Her neighbors'
plantss are infested with them as cer.
tainly as mid-winter comes. The earth
in their pots are alive with the wrig
gling. tily. thread-like worms. You
will tind that those who have tht
most hotlier with these small whit4
worms are careless about removing
dead leavi-s and blossoms as they fall
or perhaps they water their plant
witl cold tea. putting grounds and al
on the soil ill the pots. under the Im
pression that this fertilizes the plants
Instead of this tile litter serves as
breeding place for the pests. Keep you
pots clean, and stir the surface of th


We procured a plant last spring
which has proved to be quite satisfac-
tory.
We set it in a tub without a bottom
so that the plant is raised about two
feet above the level of the soil. It
spreads in all directions from two to
three feet. The branches though small
and slender, are rather stiff and do not
droon over the sides of the tub as we
ex! eted. Wllen too long to remain
crect they sink down at the end until
they rest on the ground.
Another season we shall set it into
the open ground on a level and allow
it to spread on the surface at will. It
is a constant bloomer. the flowers com-
-ing in clusters as is the custom with
Lantanas. The color is a light rosy
purple. much more delicate In appear-
ancc ha n most of the Latanas.
*
A Batch of Xid-Winter Difficulties.
'I'Ie following by Iora S. La Mance,
Mo.. is eminently practical. In spite


which in tile red spider's sitting-room,
is thoroughly wet. If a bad case, get a
package of (hilds' Bug Scorcher and
use according to directions.
Ilfileulty No. ..--Sudden flagging of I
large spcillen implants. Often It hap.
liens in mlid-winter that one's most
cherished plants suddenly begin to
drop and be in had condition. Nearly
always these are fine large plants that
have grown finely the previous season.
Palns turn yellow, Bananas wilt down
into a forlorn heap. and Rhubarb plants
lose their leaves until they are bare.
Cactus and Century pllants turn yellow
with decay. This seems mysterious,
but it is not. Such plants are all of
the class that grow energetically for
a long season, then although ever-
greens. take a luarked semi-rest, grow-
ing not a whit. and wanting only
enough water to keep them from ab-
solutely dying out. This sudden flag-
ging is a danger signal. Heed it!
Withhold the watering pot and save
the plants. Sometimes it Is the use of
liquid manure while the plants are at
rest that causes the trouble. Allowing
the plants to rest from water usually
saves even bad eases.
Difficulty No. G.-No flowers in dull
weather. This is a condition that re-
minds ns of Doctor Oliver Wendell
Holmes' advice as to when to begin to
train a child-"begin a hundred years
before he is born." The time to guard
against flowerless winter windows is
in the summer and fall before. Ger-
aniums. Carnations and other flowers
should be encouraged to make an active
growth of wood during that time. but
not a bud allowed to remain on them
before Septenmlr. Then they are
ready to bloom steadily for the next
two-thirds of a year. In the fall Hya-
cinths and Narcissus ought to be start-
ed in pots for this very period when
other flowers are at their poorest and
the Holland bulbs at their best. All
that can be done when these things
Have been neglected is to keep one's
plants as clean and healthful as possi-
blle. and put the most hopeful ones on
thle sunniest shelves. But another
year do not be caught in that shape.

About Clematis Jackmanli.
This is one of the very finest of the
i Clematis family. Some of the small
Flowered species, such as C. paniculata
- and others thrive in Florida and we see
no reason why C. Jackmanil should
Snot, though our own experience has
e Ieen unfavoralde. Have any of our
Readers succeed in getting it to
, grow here? If so, we hope to hear
From them. We clip an item from
I Park's Floral Magazine. on the sub-
- jest. As most of it was directions for
" protection at the North, which would
r le entirely unnecessary here. we omit
e a large part of the article:


Rs1UIIPTIU


"l'ttil thoroughly established the
life of Clenmatis Jackmanii is uncer-
tain. and a thrifty vine will often die
without any apparent reason.
The great beauty of C. Jackmanll
warrants a little special care in estab-
lishing and protecting the plants. The
best time to get and plant them is
when the Apple is in bloom."

FREE SAMPLES BY MAIL
Free samples of dry goods will be
mailed to your address by mail by Co-
hen Brothers' large dry goods house
of Jacksonville, if you will write them,
and tell them what you want. Express
charges prepaid when cash accompan-
ies the order, if it amounts to $5 or
over, excepting on domestics. Write
today for what you want.

Perfectly 6atiafatory.
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-In reply to yours of the
18th, will say that the fertilizers re-
ceived from E. O. Painter & Co., have
been perfectly satisfactory in every re-
spect. Respectfully,
T. H. Chambers.
Georglana. Fla.. September 24, 1900.
*
New York is more interested in phys-
ical development today than ever be-
fore, to judge from the appearance of
the news stands and other evidences
of the literary output on the subject.
Alpart from two or three magazines de-
voted exclusively to the subject in its
various branches. there is no end to
the Ixoks and pamphlets to be had on
the subject.


soil often to admit air. These are pre-
ventive measures. To kill the worms
already present let the earth get rath-
er dry. Then drench the earth with
lime water. To make this, drop a
piece of lime as big as an egg into
a full-sized water-bucket of soft wa-
ter. Let it stand twenty-four hours,
and use the clear liquid. Sometimes
a second application is needed.
DIifflulty No. 4.-Sudden onset of
plant lice and red spider. Their condi-
tions are so artificial that house plants
lose much of their vitality before
spring. And our living rooms are hot
and dry. and we get careless about
washing our plants' leaves. These
things together invite insects. They
always attack a sickly or dirty plant
first of all. The cure is to get rid of
the insects. then to keep the plants
washed and showered often. If the
insects have not much of a start, tin
the lice-infected plants over a paper
(which is afterwards to be Burned)
and jar the insects upon it. Shower
the plants well afterwards, and repeat
til treatment two or three successive
days. For the almost unseeable red
spider that does so much harm. use
water as hot as the hand can stand.
and dip every branch in it, making
sure that the under side of the leaf.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


MFOBIDA AGIICLT ST.

Entered at the post-office at DeLand. Flor-
ida, as second clan matter.

E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.

Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.

Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.

TERMS.
One year, single subscription............ .00
Six months, ingle subscription..... ...1.00
Single copy.................... ......... ..

ADVERTISING RATES.
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicit
e cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
Communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
garantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
'ter, herwise the publisher will not be re-
npo ble in case of loss. When personal
heck are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper, must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.'
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their paper changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.

WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 26, 1900.


It is an uncontrovertible fact that the
best educated, most enlightened and
progressive people are the least ex-
pensive to govern; are prosperous, hap-
py and contented. A four-story jail
generally means a one-story school
house, and vice versa.
0* 9
An encouraging feature of the indum-
trial situation in this state is that we
have never yet developed the best part
of Florida. We have been growing
pineapples on the poorest scrub, a large
part of our oranges (before the freeze)
orf pine lands barely as good as the
average of that class, thousands of
acres of corn and cotton on pine up-
lands. etc. Wait till capital develops
our vast undeveloped riches of flat-
wood hammock and swamp land. Cal-
ifornia ate her dessert first, developed
her most available lands by irrigation
and now has to fall back upon her poor-
est; but we have kept the best wine
for the last of the banquet.
0 0
It is often said that an American
would starve where a foreigner would
make a good living by his economy and
industry. On the contrary, an Am-
erican would make money where a
foreigner would go hungry because the
American has genius enough to turn
his hand to anything, while the foreign-
er can do only one thing, like a tread-
mill. Whoever comes to Florida has to
create his own position, if necessary.
A successful and well-off celery grow-
er of our acquaintance was in Illinois,
a first-class grave stone cutter. He had
nearly reached a point where some-
body would have to cut a grave stone
for him, so he promptly came to Flor-
ida, and with the true American in-
itiative and versatility, learned a new
business.
*
Are the farmers of Florida quite cer-
tain that they are keeping pace with


the railroads? We mean, in improving
the quality of their product. It is the
distinguishing characteristic of the
American people to be less critical as
to what they pay for a given service
than for the quality of that service.
Saying nothing just now about trans-
Iortation charges, we believe that the
railroads have increased the speed, cer-
tainty, promptness and good handling
of their service in the last decade more
proportionately than the growers have
improved the quality and condition of
their produce and carefulness of
their packing. It is a significant fact
that the growers who produce the best
stuff and pack it the most skillfully
seldom or never complain of the trans-
portation company.
0#0
Mr. F. W. Lyman, of Kenosha, Wis.,
but who has a winter home in Geor-
gianu, writes under date of December
17th. the following note:
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
"I hand you two dollars, for which
please mail for one year the Florida
Agriculturist to Dr. Capron, Lotus, Fla.
I think I can send you a few more
subscrilwrs when the little orange crop
is sold.
"Although eighty-three. I mustered
up courage to transplant 60 fine orange
trees in November:"
Mr. Iym.an is an enthusiastic orange
grower and suffered a heavy loss by
the freezes of '94 and '95 with many
others, yet he has not lost his faith
and is increasing his planting. We hope
that Mr. Lyman may live many years
to enjoy the fruit of the trees he has
just transplanted.

California's claim, and apparently
with reason, that irrigated lands yield
greater profits than where the rain-
fall is good and artificial watering is
thought to be unnecessary. Doubtless
there is here a little similarity to the
case of the fox that had lost his tall
and tried to persuade his friends that
a similar loss would rather improve
their personal appearance. But there
is a considerable truth in their claim,
because when a man has invested a
large sum of money in an irrigation
plant, lie is bound to exert himself
more actively, and he will harvest
greater crops than he would have done
without that investment. All profit-
able soil-culture is a rectification, an
Improvement or an enlargement of na-
ture. We destroy weeds, we stir the
soil, we fertilize it, we prune, we pro-
tect, we drain and why not water, if
there is a deficiency? With low-pric-
ed agricultural crops, it probably
would not pay; personally, we have
unbounded confidence in the efficacy
of continual, shallow cultivation to
carry all farm crops through drought.
But with high-priced horticultural pro-
ducts, grown under an intensive sys-
tem. irrigation would doubtless pay.
We have not the mountains of Califor-
nia to draw water from, but we have
an inexhaustible strata ofwater-bearing
rock to feed artesian wells in many sec-
tions of the state.

Consider the Horse.
Northern immigrants nearly always
make the same mistake in reference
to their horses that they do in regard
to themselves-they work them too
hard. The immediate effects of a re-
moval from an interior state to dense
sea coast atmosphere of Florida, is
stimulating. Men who had industrious
habits in the North, on arriving here,
plunge into work with energy, and


sooner or later, there generally comes
a collapse, partial or complete.
These energetic Northerners set
horses to work at the same pace that
they are accustomed to in a region
where frost gave them rugged force.
Nature does not approve of such meth.
ods. She formed men and animals
to be more deliberate in this warm cli-
mate.
The native farmer is an object les-
son that the Northerner may consider
with profit. The farmer may perhaps
carry moderation too far, but in Flor-
ida one should always remember the
fable of the hare and the tortoise that
ran a race. When the farmer sets out
to go to town he hitches the light Flor-
ida pony to a cart with high wheels,
which run more easily over the abun-
dant roots and stumps than low wheels
would; and the tires are rather wide,
which keeps them from sinking in the
sand.
Every branch he crosses, he lets the
pony stop and take a few swallows of
water. Arriving in town, he removes
every strap of the harness, even the
husk collar, which is cooler than a
leather collar; takes him out of the
shafts, gives him a drink and a bundle
of fodder; in short he leaves nothing
undone to promote his comfort.
Per contra, the Northern colonist
hitches the pony to a wagon -heavier
that a cart, and having low, narrow-
tired wheels, which cut deeply into the
sand and encounter much resistance
at every root. He loads too heavily
and perhaps even then forces the pony
into a trot. Ten chances to one, the
easy-going farmer has no check-rein,
so that the pony even browses in the

grass without restraint while his mas-
ter stops to hold long dialogues by the
roadside with a neighbor, who also is
in no hurry. But the colonist has a
whip and a check-rein, and he uses
both. The pony overheats himself,
and when lie is finally allowed to drink,
he is apt to swallow too much.
-But after all, by far the greater part
of the mortality which overtakes the
horses of Northern colonists, is due to
the mismanagement of negro drivers.
There is not one negro in a hundred
that is fit to drive a spirited horse. The
Florida farmer knows this and trusts
him only with a mule, an animal ca-
pable of enduring more abuse than a
horse. The exceptional mortality
among horses in Jacksonville during
the hot weather of last summer, was
caused more by negro drivers than by
the unusual heat. The average negro
driver has no judgment as to the treat-
ment of a horse. We have often been
nlolti to indignation by the senseless
jerking and whipping of a fine horse
ill te streets. A negro driver will un-
hitch one, smoking from the plow and
allow him to swallow a three-gallon
bucket of water without stopping. It
is not wondered at that a horse driven
by negro hirelings gets "sanded" or
"snake bitten" or has some other mys-
terious ailment, when the primary
cause of the trouble was the abuse of
a black brute whom an evil destiny
set to domineer over him.

Cane Tops for Seed.
One of the least favorable features
of cane culture in Florida, is the fact
that, owing to the brevity of the grow-
ing season, the upper joints of the
canes do not mature sufficiently to
make sugar. Unless they are used for
syrup-making; they are generally


784


thrown away by growers who wish
to produce a first-class article of sugar,
as the juice from them prevents crye-
talization. Under the best of manage-
ments with the old two-roller mill and
the open kettles, there Is a heavy
waste. without adding to it this rejec-
tion of the canes themselves.
The question has been- asked, why
not utilize these tops for seeds? Reas-
oning by analogy, we would give a
favorable answer to this question. The
cassava is the only plant propagated
by cuttings that we think of at pres-
ent. "which does not germinate better
from the upper ends of the stalks than
the lower. rapee vines, figs. roses,
and pears germinate best from the out-
er extremities. So in budding, it is
better to select the buds from the out-
er extremities. So in budding, it is
from the butt end generally do not
sprout at al. They may "take" or live,
but will lie dormant for years. But
we are not left'entirely to analogy for
information in this matter.
The following interesting account of
systematic experiments with sugar
cane is abridged from a bulletin of the
Alabama Experiment Station. and is
well worthy of attention from the far-
Iers of Florida. as it reaches a way of
affecting an important economy.
In gathering the crop of the year
preceding this experiment, the imma-
ture joints were saved and banked as
seeil cane is usually treated. They
kept well and when taken up for plant-
ing, showed well developed eyes, with
a larger per cent. vegetating than on
the whole canes. Stubble or roots were
also taken up and stored. Four kinds,
viz: Stubble. whole cane, whole cane
cut between the joints and the tops,
were all planted under like circum-
stances. All were planted on dry, san-
dy bottom, which was too .wet in the
spring and early summer, and suffered
seriously from drought in the late
summer and early fall. The large
amount of manure applied in the drill
increased the injurious effects of the
drought, while the excessive rains of
spring and early summer sickened and
yellowed the cane.
The results of the investigation made
in the laboratory by the state chemist
gave full and detailed comparison be-
tween the products of different seed
cane and the effects of the different
fertilizers and manures.
The bulletin gives in elaborate tabu-
lar form, the finding of the chemist;
but for our present purposes, this
table may be abridged, since some fer-
tilizing experiments were conducted
at the same time. Compost, applied at
the rate of 7,000 pounds per acre, with
whole cane, gave 30.415 pounds of cane
per acre, and it took six gallons of juice
to make one of syrup. With the tons,
25.(05 pounds of cane were produced
and it took 6.59 gallons of juice to
make one of syrup. Here the tops were
somewhat inferior. In other parts of
the field, whole canes produced 12,360,
12,850, 21,480, 24,180, 37,000 pounds of
cane per acre, while tops gave 22,689,
30,420, 23,340 pounds per acre, on as
many different plots. The very heavy
yield in one plot of the whole cane
planting was produced by the use of
cotton seed meal. So it' appears that
the tops compare very favorably with
th- whole canes.
4
Don't neglect to get all your protect-
ing appliances in shape, because we
have promise of a open winter










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 7s8


ANSWERS TO CORRBESPONCDE1PS.

This department is devoted to answering
uch questions as may be asked by our sub-
scribers, which may be of general information.
Enquiries of personal character that require
answer by mail should always have stamp en-
closed.


Editor Florida Agricwlturist.
Can you give me the present tarlt
on oranges and the tariff that has bee:
levied during the past year?
S. P.
The following clipping from the Cal
ifornia Citrograph will answer you
question perfectly:
The first tariff law passed by thi
United States was approved July 4
1789. No duty was levied on citru
fruits by this law.
The second tariff law was approve
August 10, 170. Under this law o
anges and lemons were taxed 10 pe
cent. ad valorum.
By the act of July 14, 1832, lemon
were released from import duties.
By the tariff act of August 30, 1842
there was imposed a duty on orange
and lemons of 20 per cent. ad valorun
The tariff act of July 30, 1846, cot
tinned the 20 per cent. ad valorum tar
Iff.
By the tariff act of March 3, 1857, th
duty on oranges and lemons was rail
ed to 25 per cent. ad valorum.
The tariff law of August 5, 1861, r
duced the tariff on oranges to 20 pe
cent. ad valorum.
. The act of June 30. 1864, retsored th
tariff of 25 'per cent. ad valorum.
The act of July 14. 1870. reduced th
duty on oranges to 10 per cent. ad va
ornm.
By the tariff act of March 3, 188
oranges. in boxes of capacity not e:
ceeding 2% cubic 'feet, 25 cents a box
In half boxes-1 1-4 cubic feet--
cents, in barrels, capacity not exceed
ing that of the 196 pounds flour ba
rel. 55 cents a barrel; in bulk, $1.6
per thousand. Lemons in boxes
above. 30 cents a box: In bulk, $2.(
per thousand; In half boxes, 16 cen
a box. Packages not specially enur
rated, 20 per cent. ad valorum.
The tariff of October 1, 1890. in
posed a duty of 13 cents a packaf
when it contains not exceeding 1 1
cubic feet; and not over 21/,, 25 cents
over 214 and not exceeding 5 cubic fee
50 cents; exceeding 5 cubic feet;
cents for every cubic foot or fractic
thereof: in bulk. $1.50 per thousand
and in addition to these duties,
duty of 30 per cent. ad valorum wi
levied on the cost of the containers.
The tariff law of August 27, 189
reduced the import duties to 8 cen
per cubic foot of capacity, leaving tl
bulk duty at $1.50 per thousand.
The tariff act of. Tuly 24. 1897. pr
rides for the collection of an impo
tax of one cent a pound on orange
lemons, limes, grapefruit, shaddoci
and pomelos.
Here we have an epitome of all tl
tariffs ever imposed in this county
on citrus fruits.
*
A remarkable bit of Nature's han
work was recently found by a Chica;
man while ruralizing. Upon the whi
surface of a large piece of fungus
the root of an old dead tree was drav
an artistic pastoral scene. A close e
amination by the aid of a power
glass, proved beyond a doubt that t
drawing Is the work of nature. T
picture represents a comfortable fan
house and grounds. The barn-doo
stand open, displaying the well-fll
granaries and hay mow, fat stock sta
in the fields, and the farmer, prosper
ous-looking, Is at the gate ready
mount a well-laden farm wagon, fill
with the fruits of his industry.

Of all the natural phenomena iwe
liar to the Rocky mountain region
none is more strange or terrible th
the mysterious storm known to the I
dians as "the white death." Scienti
men have never yet had an opportul
ty of investigating it, because it com
at the most unexpected times and m
keep away from a certain locality f
years. Well-read men. says a magazi
writer, who have been been throu


ff




r

e
r


2,
e




*r

is

2,

1.
1-
r-

ae
8-

e-
ir

ie

he
1l-

3,
x-
x;
L3
I-
r-
0O
as
00
ts
I-

n-
ge
-4


it say that it is really a frozen fog and
the victims breathe into their lungs
tiny bits of Ice. Inasmuch as tiny bits
of ice would melt in the nostrils and
mouth, the "white death" is probably
a long draw."


CHEAP COLUMN
RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
WRITE-to J. D. BELL, St. Petersburg, Fla.
for pineapple plants. 41x1
M'N'IAL PEAS-Selected seed corn.
Samnple two IWits. W. IH. MANN,
Mannville, W 46x52.
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN, Mann-
vine, Fla. 10x31-01
WANTED-Two hundred and fifty 2-year-
old tangerine buds. sweet stock CYRUt
W. BUTLER, St. Petersburg. Fla. 52xl
POR SALE-Thoroughbred Barred and
White Plymouth Rocks; also eggs for set-
ting in season. Write me tor special prices.
A. u MERCHANT; Lake Worth, Fla. 51x1
ORANGE AND GRAPEFRUIT trees
on sweet, sour and grapefruit stock,
for sale at low prices. A. C. HAYNES,
DeLand, Fla. 47tf
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 271. Orlando, Fla. 3It
CASSAVA SIDED FOR SALE-Purchaser
ntay bid on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
4ttf.
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. JAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. i3tf
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg,
Florida. 40x13
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale,
Fla. 15tf
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES. Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tf
FOR SALE--75 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address. P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
Land, Fla.
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa. Fla. Wish.
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in


CONSIG' ORANGES TO



PORTER BROS. CO.,

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.

FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.

CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $50o,ooo.oo.

CHICAGO. NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS. ST. PAUL.


PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re-
SI ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER BROQ). CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
0 .a EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES should go
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencils, Market Quota-
tions, and General Instructions for shipping Florida products supplied from the Jacksonville office.

SPRAY PUMPS.

Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank................12 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized irontank.. 7 00
% Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
1t Barrel Spray Pump, com-
plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................... 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc.... .............. 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
complete 28.00
Insec.sticides: Lime. Sulphate of Cop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur. etc.
Pine and Bangor Orange Boxes.
Shaved Birch Hoop., Freash Green
x zed Hoops, aimlla sand Colored
Orange Wraps, Cement Coated Box
Nalg. Pineapple, Bean, Cantaloupe,
Cabbage and other Crate; Tomato
Carilerd, Lettuce Basket. Etc. ,;r.
Imperial Plows and Cultivator ate.
Catalogue and price lsts on appll-
cation.
E. BEA N,
Jacksonville, Fla.
Room 18 Robinson Bldg.


S; his work. All standard varieties of buds one We have a full supply o0
S to three feet on six year old sour roots will all the best varieties of Or-
Ssell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf ==anges, Pomelos, Kumquats,
n ORANGE, POMELO AND LEMON TREES etc., and shall be glad to
d --on sour or trifoliata stocks, for summer and show them to prospective
a fall shipment. Large assortment fine trees, planters. Can show both
Write for prices. GLEN ST. MARY NUR. trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
a. SERIES, G. L. Taber, Proprietor, Glen St.
Mary, Fla. 31tf Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
4, BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett, CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.
ts Prop. Tampa, Fla., 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
he and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine- A
apple, Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy andLEN T M A N U RSE
0- vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence s G. L. TABER, Proprietor,
rt limited. 42tf Op ,
*, FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees. Glen St. Mary, -* Florida.
ks Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks. Sats Trfolata
he Best quality, Low prices. Address THE atsuma Oranges on Triollta
y RIFFING BROTHERS Company, Jack RIVERSIDE NURSERIES. to pe 100. Peach
sonville, Fla. 41tf eesat$5to S perl10 .........
WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees MULBERRIES, PECANS, KUMQUATS, UMBRELLA TREES.
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
- Grape Fruit. Peaches. Persimmons. Plums,
go Pears. Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam- T A
te Phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cata- GL N ST. MARY FLA
logue free. Address, THE GRIFFTNG
at BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
n 41tf
X- WANTED CASSAVA The Planters'
ul Manufacturing Co., Lake Mary Fla.. TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL OROW
he wil be glad to correspond with all per-
he sons wshr to sell CASSAVA this fall. IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS
he either for cash or In exchange :or CA-FLORIDA
m- SAVA FEED. Early arrangements will
rs be of value to growers and WE PAY ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
THE FREIGHT. F. G. PERKINS. FOLIATE.
nd
nd President. 40x5. FOLATA.
or- ORANGE WRAPS AND BOX HEADS Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
t FOR SAIIJ- 'have 80 reams 11x11.54 Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
to reiams 9x9. 340 reams 10x10 manilla or- ILLUSTRATED CATAL UE FREE.
ed ae wrps wih I will sell at a bar- Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED ATALOGUE FREE. Address,
gain. Aqso 4,000 orIange box heads and FRUITLAND NURSERIES P J. BERCKMANSCO, Au.rt. a.
4.000 tMaf box 'heads alt price cheaper st0t.Estabished 1856 ** A t
than the lumber in the boards. If in-
in- terested write me. W. C. PAINTER,
n, DeLand, Fla.
an NOW IS THE TIME to plan The Bet Result. ave Entire Satisacotion.
n- Frotcher's Egg Shell is the bes elect 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fls. E. 0. Painter Co., Jacksonville. Fla.
fe nuts go forty to the pound. Also seedling Gentlemen:-We have been well Gentlemen:-The fertilizer that I re-
and grafted trees. American orklive, a beau pleased with all fertilizers purchased ceived from your house gave entire
ni- tiful evergreen tree, for parks, lawns and Plea
le hedges. Lucie grass plants, for the finest from you and can recommend your satisfaction. Yours respectfully,
lawns and for pastures. Tapanese cnestnuts. brands to any one wishing the best re- F. G. Lile.
or ounce. rrfecsin adapted toemensrwei suits. Very respectfully, San Antonio. Fla., Sept. 25, 1900.
ne climate. Best beaches for tome and sh p. J. S. Latimer & Son. *
ping. W H. HASKELL, DeLand. Flor- Little River, Fla., Sept. 24, 1900. Can't you win one of our premiums?
gh ida Soxs










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


L,~






j3'q u3 # w /' ~


Absolute



Makes light, flak

biscuits, rolls, mi

Makes hot bread w

are qualities pecu


I have founc
to all others.

ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO. 1

HOUSEHOLDD DEPAbIT]K T.
All communications o enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Household Dept. Jacksonville.

The Teachers' Dress.
A teacher's personal appearance has
much influence over her pupils and she
should make it a rule to dress as neatly
and as attractively, though not expen-
sively, as good taste will allow. She
should always exercise good taste in
the selection of her clothing and never
wear anything that is out of harmony
with her surroundings and occupation.
Children are quick to appreciate any
change in here dress and are also quick
to imitate her in this as well as in oth-
er things. For this reason she should lie
careful to exercise a good deal of dis-
cretion in the choice and style of her
dress, so that they may only receive the
chest impressions. If she is careful to
appear always neat and in keeping with
her surroundings, she will soon find
that it has a salutary influence upon
the appearance of her pupils. Neatness
in attire is certainly conducive to self
respect, therefore every child should bie
taught the value of keeping himself
neat and tidy. not only in the school
but in the home as well. It should not
only be taught him by precept, but by
example. A teacher in a small coun.
try school made it a practice to wear
something different from her ordinary
tiress on each Friday. and she was soon


with whom they come in contact, as
they do for those to whom we are
bound by ties nearer and dearer than
those of mere friendship. Life is too
short for us to be unkind. There is no
time to waste in vain regrets. Kindness.
next to love which begets it, is the
greatest thing in the world, and if we
could always remember this and rule
our spirits, life would have a fuller
measure of sweetness than we now en-
joy. No one lives to himself alone, there-
fore no one can afford to indulge every
whim and mood that he may have. It
will be one of our sweetest pleasure
when life shall draw to a close to know.
that it has not been vainly spent, but
that we have used our time and oppor-
tunities as God would have us use.
them. We can only do this by a con-
stant guard over self. As the glad New
Year once more approaches, let us re-
solve to "turn over a new leaf," and
then resolve to keep it turned, and the
close of 1901 will find that we have bet-
ter accomplished our allowed tasks, or
laid down life's burden feeling that
we have done the best we could.


SSome Things Thit.a Girl of Sixteen
Should Know.
First, about herself: Her chief bod-
ily organs and their functions and how
to keep them in the best working or-
der. Her leading traits of character.
and how to develop the right and cur-
tail the wrong. Her duty to herself.
God, in the family, church, and the
world. Her rights, civil and moral.
Second in the educational field:
y, delicious hot How to read aloud pleasantly and in-
telligently. How to write a note or let-
iffins an c tter in good English, with at least fair
ins and crusts, penmanship and correct spelling of or-
ls Th dinary words. How to draw a check
wholesome. These or draft, indorse it properly, and how
to deposit money at the bank. How to
liar to it alone. calculate rapidly in the making of
change for purchases, even in the mat-
ter of fractions (as, 2 1-2 yards of rib-
Sthe Royal Baking Powder superior bon at 37 1-2 cents). How to keep sim-
-C. GORJU, late Chef, Delmonico's. pie accounts. Some of the leading au-
thors of the day, with a backward
glance at some of the old masters and
00 WILLIAM ST.. NEW YOR. some of the leading works of each. A
good deal about her own city, county.
state, with a good general knowledge
<4nfronted with an unusually neat of her own country, its leaders, etc. A
tidy school on that morning. Companfair outline of the geographical posi-
tidy school on that morning. Company tion of the leading countries of the civ-
was not generally expected on that day, ilized world with a little information
for the patrons seldom visited the as to the leading rulers. A good deal
school at all, but it soon came to be a of Bible history. Bible literature, and
fact that children loved that day bet- Bible character
ter than any other in the week because dust and int t room in order neatly.
in their phraseology, they could "dress quietly and with but little expenditure
no." of vitality. How to set a table taste-
The teacher should never wear mtuch fully): clean it away expedionsly, and
jewelry, because much jewelry is nev- ash the dishes sentifially. How to
t tiake Ibds properly. How to wash.
er in good taste, and also because it starch and iron such articles as she
might make some of the children wish wears. How to cut. make. fit and ntnd
for things that were beyond their reach her underclothing, her plain dresses and
and so make them discontented She her common wraps. How to trim her
and so make them dlsc-ontented She
own hats and repair all her garments
should always make herself as attract- except shoes. How to keep them in per-
ive as comipatible with her position and feet order. How to make and mend
means. everything. ahove the mattress. on iher
Sb lbed. How to oo0k Is)tatoes !n at least
SBIa half a dozen ways: .coctllnon tti:eats
A Retrospect. and vegetables: make at least fair
At this season of the year we are all bread, biscuits and griddle cakes; some
inclined to Iw retrospective. We think kinds of cakes and cookies, i cup of
of the things we might have done bet- tea. coffee, chocolate, or c~ocoa. and
something aplswtizing for the fatuily
tor :mnl those that we might have left simbin pt foal anmy
invalid; how to took cereals, and not
undone. We see the failures that we have them soggy or wishy-washy. How
might have prevented and the gaps tonteai al entertain a entertaed.
that we might have closed. We know Fourth, among her associates: How
to make friends, hold them. overlook
that. in the heat of anger, we have said faults. and help build up the best that
many unkind words or done unkind is in them. How to say "Yes" and stick
acts that we would very much like to to it: and how to say "no" graciously
undo. All these things bring to us the and with due regard to reason. How to
be dignified without seeming priggish.
deepest regrets. but brooding over these and how to Ie bright and gay without
failures will not mend them. A better living s4lly. rude or sarcastic.
way is to keep a closer watch over our Fifth,. anong older people: How to
words and actions that there may 1w be deferential, helpful, and "good con
piaiv" without being forwardnl and bold,
no cause for regret, none that we can Sixth in the church: How to lead a
prevent. Kind words and actions meeting, whether for business or pray-
always make life brighter for those er. How to help. without assuming too


Choice Vegetables

always bring high prices.

To raise them success-

fully, a fertilizer con-

taining at least 8%

Potash should be used.

Our books furnish useful information on
all subjects relating to
cmp raising. They are
sent free.


Budded and Grafted
Mulgoba Mangoes
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
United States.
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH.
West Palm Beaeh, Fla.

much. How to lead in any of the reg-
ular work, if the leaders are disabled.
Seventh, in society: How to work
for the general good, forgetful of self
and of selfish ends. yet not allowing
self to be entirely disregarded, but to
hold the balance true. with keen dis-
cernment and nice adjustment. To be
able to receive hospitalities with wis-
dom. and dispense them with grace.
How to bring congenial elements to-
gether and to harmonize those that
are not wholly so. How to receive
friends with cordiality, gifts with ex-
pressed gratitude, and disappointments
without fretful words, face or voice.
How to do rather than to spend the
entire time. talent and strength in talk-
ing.
With these accomplishments and at-
tractions even a girl with a plain face.
plainer clothing, and few ornaments.
save those of a mental and spiritual na-
ture. will be a welcome addition in any
home or to any chufr'h. society or
circle of friends. Nor is it a difficult
thing to bring about. Sit down and ex-
amine yourself in each department.
Wherever you are deficient put in a
certain amount of time each week. In
a year you will see a great difference
in your attainments.
Half an hour a day devoted to self-
improvement will furnish your mind,
and well: for it will lay the founda-
tions for something mort The great
thing will be not to sit idly down and
be content when you can do these
things, but to go oh. from one degree
to a higher one.
And while doing all this. and gaining
all this benefit it will help yon if you
do all that is -ossible in the way of en-
couraging others to walk with you, to
start on the road that will lead to a
hanny life and a pleasant old age.-
Author of "Preston Papers." in Ex-
change.
C
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
E. 0. Printer & Co.. Jnoekmsorlle. 7a.
Centlemen:-I take pleasure in say-
ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my charge
has given entire satisfaction and you
may confidently look for a continu-
ance of my patronage.
Yours very truly.
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford. Fla.. October 5th, 1900
C
Sharple's Cream Separators-Profit-
qble Dairying.
4
Can't you win one of our premiums?


786










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 7"


POULTRY AND HARE DEPART- sitter among the hens that hatches the
HENT. most chickens. The writer has seen
All communications or enquiries for this de- lens sitting ill tie coldest months of
apartment should be addressed to 1lit yvear. c-olne off to feed .when the
FLORIDA ACGRICULTUI'IST. temperature was almost zero. and still
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla. :tli lh brought out fairly good hatches.
SA strong fertile egg will stand quite
a lot of apparent rough treatment and
Bone, Gravel and Shell. yt ihaitch. nevertheless it is not advis-
Griding the food in the gizzard is a able to encourage such habits with
natural process, and there are three them.-Hlome and Farm.
substances mostly used-gravel. oys- --
ter shells and bone. The latter is ser- What We Have learned.
viceable either as fresh-cut hilie or Twelve years ago. when we first
when hard. dry and ground. (ravel <-iiilnenced to keep ioulltry in Florida,
as usually found in most soils lhas ieen we tried it on tlhe Ma.ssichusetts orin-
rounded by tile air. water and heat, eiple. witl tight roofs, stationary
and through wear and tear. IJnless fowl houses, stationary nest Ioxes of
sharp it is valueless. As soonl ;is tile woHd as we observe are now fre-
fowl round a sharp substance in the qtlently advised for this state- and we
gizzard it is voided; hence, the hens vow(el that we never again would have
prefer sharp shells to round gravel. a chicken on the premises. But fresh
The reason why they eat more shells eggs and fat broilers could not be pur-
when laying (or sharp grit of any chased at tle local market, and we
kind) Is because when laying more tried again on what was a new prill-
food is required, and consequently eiple. Well(. we Iought our experience,
more digestion and assimilation. Be- and have tried to nrotit by it.
cause an egg has lpecks or flakes of We don't intend to advise anybody
lime on the shell does not imply that in this matter. but offer your readers
it is due to feeding shells, as the same the experience we have gained through
thing happens when no oyster shells considerable mortification and Deen-
are given. It may be due to the food, ilary loss. not to say anything about
for as a rule such henC are fat. Some the loss of patience, temper, etc., when.
kinds of gravel are limestone and of on entering olne of our poultry houses,
the same composition as oyster shells. we would--ugh!-find ourselves occu-
There are thousands of hens that get pied and tenanted by disgusting,
no oyster shells, yet they do not lay crawling mlites. We vowed as above
soft-shelled eggs. Bole contains nitro- stated, but on our new principle, with
gen. and is itself mostly phosphate of nlov-lllle otops. plenty of lime on the
lime. There is but little difference ground, tar on nest boxes, coops and
in commercial bone and that from the fowl ihonss with a lump of assafoetlda
butcher, except that the fresh Ione ;nd sone bIrimstone in the drinking
is free front odor. while the nitrogen- troughs, tw have changed our minds.
ous matter of the commercial lamoe is Now we laugh to see dogs, ducks,
partly decomposed. Iens dislike the geese. turkeys. fowls and pigeons, "all
odor; tile chemical value is about the haids round." helping each other to
sale. The advantage of ground bone :lnugh :Ind grow fit as they assist us
(not bone-meal) or pounded bone over wonderfully in making our grove on
oyster shells is tlat the bone is harder tlie white saln by tle river's side. for
and serves as a grit. It also contains no better auxiliaries in the successful
nitrogenous latter. A portion of it cultivation of an orange grove on poor,
is changed during digestion into phos- high 1and dry pine land can be found
phaltes of potash and soda, and into than our feathered friends above
phosphate of lite, as well as other said. i. L. II. inl Florida Farmer and
salts. It offers a wider field for chemi- Fruit growerr.
cal action than carbonate of lime (oys- 40
ter shells) when eaten, and contains Get the Hens Started to Laying.
nourishment, which is not the case We all know the value of winter
with shells.-Farm and Fireside. eggs. and we should endeavor to se-
S* cure them if possible. Fall manage-
Incubators. ment haI much to do with winter eggs,
December and January are the and we make a mistake if we do not
months when incubators should -be stimulate tile pullets and the hens
started, and a few words now about tlat have just gotten over moulting,
their management will not come amiss. bringing them up to the laying point
In the first place, don't experiment as rapidly as possible by a good sys-
with cheap or homemade incubators. tem of feeding. The cockerels should
There are any number of good and test- ,be marrketed. or they promptly should
ed makes, advertised in these columns, le separated from the liens. and allthe
at prices that will not justify any ex- early pullets and lines that are likely
oeriment. to make good winter layers should oc-
Select the kind you prefer, and af- ePlpy quarters by themselves to get
ter having it set up, run it for a few tie best result in eggs.
days In order to ,est the heat and fa- Farmers as a rule have but one flock
miliarize yourself with its workings. ,of chickens. and all run together to
If after the second day. you find the te, detriment of the entire flock. If we
required ieat.n about 102 degree s will make poultry pay we must change
steadily maintained ta few degrees this Il.,ess and provide separate
either way makes little difference). aIltrtmelnls for the different classes of
then the eggs may be put in. Select fo.ls. or dispoe of all but one class.
eggs of uniform size that are perfectly It isa iuc.h-nistaken idea most of the
fresh certainly not over a week old. coatllon poultrymen have that fowls
and those that have not been chilled, will not do well yarded up, and thus
and lay them gently in the machine. kept in clfilnellent, when the facts
It matters not in what position they are tlv t this is the only proper wa
Its., ,ren d" thh s t;b only proper way
are placed, as they must Ib shifted to keep fowls during winter. The larg-
morning and night during incubation. est number of eggs produced to the
wThe nempeature in the.o g Inbator t 1n are those that constantly are kept
will at once go down, owing to the -oui to yards from one year's end
cold eggs, but will gradually rise, as fi to yt r lls from one year's end
the eggs become heated. to allother. It is only thus that we
the eggs become heated. get tie best returns in egg produc-
'Don't attempt to force up the tem- gt tie Iest returns in egg produc-
peratnre by applying more heat. Leave tion.
the lamp just as before, and the proper l'llitnited range hens will not come
heat should soon assert itself. As be- up to profits with confined hens in egg
fore stated a variation of a few de- production. even if the best of the yeat
agrees makes hit little difference, though is given them to make the test. But ii
uniformity of heat is better. The it is not to bIe supposed that the farm
strongest chicks are those hatched lby poultry nen will go to the pains of thut
machines kept at an even temlpera- tolntiilnng his hens in summer, but
ture. There is some question as to time surely no one should ask to be excus-
of putting moisture in egg chamber. t'l in thus managing in winter. In egg
each factory furnishing directions in production it will le found a mistake
this matter, to liberate hens thus confined and al
After the first few hatches one will low them a free rni in fine weather om
become familiar with the workings otherwise. and there will follow a dis
of he machine, and need no further in- ti'ct loss in egg !production. If farm
structions. The pr:ncipalpomint to look ers and poultry keepers general]
after in running an incubator is to ad- adopt this kind of management of theil
here as nearly as possible to nature, poultry during the winter season witl
and remember that it is not the closest proper housing and feeding they wil


A PRACTICAL POULTRY BoOK a
111 bod_ t. _bA I.- !UITI. ALOQULt. It -ilt-by-a
frm. ta LUO ble Arngit
Pr~rr hr 10,1 sqF rsqp IY4e L. &r 35r.C53 3


"Certificate Am.


The Practical
AND SIMPLE
BARBED WIRE
FENCE BUILDER.
PRICE $2.oo.
V. SCHMELZ,
SylvanLake, F!a
Inst. Fair."


Market Gardeners
Make money iby getting their pro-
duce into market early. This is best
accomplished by taking .advantage
of the stimulating effect of
NITRATE OF SODA.
It forces the most rapid growth and
imparts quality, crispness, tender.
ness, etc. All about it in our free
book. "Food for Plants." Ask for a
copy. Address, John A. Myers, 12-
John St., New York. Nitrate foi
sale by
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Jacksonville, F a.


Farmers

Save


One Half


25 years ag
The firt Powell's
Prepared Chemie-
als for making
Fertilizersathome,
were sold. Lastsea-
son progressive far-
mers in 22 State
used them. Let s
send you a record


o f the results -
oalso give you price.
on Muriate and
Sulphate Potash,
Frti A Nitrate Sods and
Fe rtlizers other first-clas Fer-
tilizer Materials.
W. S. POWELL & CO.,
Wet lOE.ne rI aTr. Baltimore, Md.

ALL C
SEEDS! KINDS SeedsI!
W Vegetable, Gardea and Flower.
J Send for Catalog. a

CHAS. RAYMOND, Le si."


FOUR OOD [Wigk-'
10-YOUSAVktleDWAULBS'PROFIT.
ss.-rn B oT I a.rT..1. ieatBlal.





find that the profits will be largely in-
reased.-Exchange.


Western PoultrylFarm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It Is up to date. 24 page.
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice kill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 dos., 20 eta; 25 for 30
cts- 50 for 50 cts: 100 for $1.

HENS'iTEETH TRseLS.1
To properly digest its food the fowl
must have grit. What teeth are to the
human being grit is to the fowl. We
can now furnish ground oyster shells,
from freshly opened oysters, from
which all the dust and dirt has been
screened, to supply this grit which is
lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
Goods very inferior to ours and full
of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer It at
100 Ib bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville.
Fla.
Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
tilizers and dealers in all kinds of Fer-
tilizing Materials.
Orange and Kum Quat
Nursery Stock.
Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
table. Also a general line of Fruit
Trees, Roses, Shrubs, etc. Prices
low. Freight paid.
SUMMIT NURSERIES,
D. L. Pierson, Prop.,
Monticello, Fla.

TOBACCO DUST.
If your fowls are troubled with lice
or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 173
pounds of tobacco dust and srtinkle
it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
anteed to be unleashed. Pnd 2 cent
tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Co..
Jacksonville, Fla.

FOR SALE
AT A

Special Bargain
ON EASY TERMS.
Several fine bearing orange and
grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
vestment this year.

Lyle & Co., ...artow, ha.

:ll ll l I | ) ( 1 ) l l ) I I II T


For centuries the orthodox Saxon GE
Clristiuas dish was a wild bear's head, T L I
garished o witll holly. For years the' FEOE A
Emneror of Germany sent Queen Vlc- lT E "PA E FENCE Ef"
toria a boar's Ilead as a Christmas ouraer, stout sendfortol It Isee.
I B. ROBE TSON, Recelver.
present. PAGE WOVEN WIREg FECE CO.. ABIANl,m1C.

Used Three Hundred Tons a Year. 1 g-i A T-.
E. 01 Painter & Co., Jacksonrille, Fin. Tr k. .I'* Col.c a
Platimm o Couat
Gentlemen:- I have used your ferti SP1ti_.a-tttint G .ir.
lizer ever since you began making It JESSE MARDElt
and have used from 200 to 300 tons of i0 o Chrlme Bt
it a year before the freeze of 18)4 and t BALTIoJ. I
1895. Since then have used it right
along on orange trees and there are no Grapefruit, Tangerine,
better trees in the country than I have
to show. I also used your goods on Satsuma, Tardiff and
canteloupes and tomatoes and I am so Enterprise Seedless.
well pleased with results that I shall enterprise ee ss.
plant from 20 to 40 acres of tomatoes The best commercial citrus fruits.
and 10 to 20 acres of canteloupes next Three kinds on each stock. Well cared
spring. That shows you what I think for past five years. Will soon fruit
of your goods. Yours truly, if protected. 50 or more of such trees
Matt Zeigler. for sale. At home place on South
DeLand. Fla.. Sept. 26, 1900. Boulevard. Demand. Fla.

Old books bound at this office. W. H. HASKELL.

I-. --t 0 0. a.
rwn by mein it -
a.(.sto -ok Co.MaiPgn
,~,,~5E,"~f ~dowOI


w


Tastes GoodL.6L~i~o~-E;~~L!









788 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


THE DOCTOR'S GOMPLIG-
ITY.
It had rained all day, in fact, I do not
think we had had another such day since
away back in the early spring, and as
evening approached the storm contin-
ued without any abatement of its
strength. I was passing the telegraph
office on my way home from making
my afternoon calls, when a boy who was
just coming out of the door spied me,
and called out,-
"Hi, doctor! Stop a minute. Here's a
message for you that I was just going
to take over to your house."
A moist envelope was thrust into my
hand, but I did not open it until I was
safely within doors. Then my spirits fell
as I unfolded the enclosure and read,-
"Come at once, or only death cer-
tificate will be required. Mince pie.
"Sarah Walsingham."
I knew that there was but one course
open to me, and that was to go. Not
withstanding the wording fi the tele-
granf, I did not apprehend any fatal re
suits as a consequence of Mrs. Walsing-
ham's imprudence, but ,I appreciated
that any appearance of ;eglect or in-
difference on my part at such a time
might very easily lead to a severing o
our relations, and I had five children tc
bring up and educate.
I went upstairs and told Louisa. and
then, having put on dry clothes and
eaten a hurried tea, I set forth on my
journey. There was no up train after
five o'clock, and as I had not receive
the telegram until a quarter past, I was
left no choice but to drive all the way
out to Glenmore.
Mrs. Walsingham's trouble yielde
readily to treatment, but, with the recol-
lection of her suffering still fresh in her
mind, she was loath to let me depart
The result was that it was half past tel
o'clock before I found myself on the
road, with old Kate's head turned to-
wards home. It was still raining, but the
sky, which had been a great, undefine
expanse of black during my drive over
was now occasionally rent by flashes o
lightning. As we drove on. these flashe
began to follow one another in mor
rapid succession, and the thunder, whici
at first had seemed hardly worthy o
notice, came nearer and nearer. unti
the peals were crashing ominously ove
our heads.
The lightning had given me an oppor
tunity of discovering that we were near
ing an unoccupied country-seat that wa
about a mile from Glenmore village
This place, which had been at one tim
the summer residence of a wealthy Bos
tonian named Grayson. had extensive
grounds, in the midst of which the house
was located. The owner had died sever
al years before, since which the proper
ty had been in litigation, with the re
suit that it had fallen much into disre
pair.
I knew that the stable was near th
gate, and I had noticed when passing
that the door was secured only by
rusty padlock and staple, which it woule
require no great effort to remove
Quieting my conscience with the argu
ment that trespassing was pardonabl
on such a night. I drove in at the gate
way, and up to the stable, where I go
out. and found to my surprise that th
door was partly open. Pushing it alone;
so as to widen the entrance. I led Kat
inside, where I discovered another
horse and vehicle already in possession
Supposing that some other belate
traveller like myself had sought shel
ter from the storm, I took the light
lantern, which was fastened under m
buggy, and looked about for the owner
of the conveyance, which was a bo
wagon with two seats. I peered into the
stalls and the empty harness-closets, an
up the narrow stairs that led to th
loft at the top of which was a door
which I found to be securely bolted o
the outside.
There was apparently no one about. s<
having given Kate a gentle pat, accom
panied by the promise of a bran-mas
when we should be at home. I sat dow
on the stairs prepared to wait until th
worst of the thunder had passed.
I had been there some five minute
when I became conscious of another
presence, and. looking along the wa
near which I was sitting, my startle
gaze encountered a strange sighi


Standing againstthe wal,not orDE U TRIUMPH
feed-box, about six feet long and four l R DU R IU
high. The top was lifted a few inches, *THE LARGEST WATERMELON GROWN
and looking out at me through the open-
ing was a woman's face. T E W D
I jumped to my feet with an excla- IN THE WORLD.
nation of surprise, and at the same mo-
ment heard an imploring "hush" from
the feed-box.
"Who are you, madam?" I asked sus- ,
piciously.
The woman threw back the cover and
arose to her full height, and I saw then
that she possessed great personal attrac-
tions. She was tall and slight with a
presence that might be called queenly,
and I do not think there are many wo-
men that could look queenly standing in
a feed-box. She had a clear, white skin
large. gray eyes, and an abundance of
light hair.
As I approached the lady stretched
out a well-shaped hand. and grasped my
arm.
"Oh. sir: I am in great trouble," she
said; "but you can save me if you will."
Her tone was piteous, and her evi-
dent distress aroused all the chivalry in
my nature.
"How can I help you?" I asked
f gently.
'By getting me away from here with
out delay." was the hurried answer. "1
I have gone through a most dreadful ex-
perience in the last twentyr-four hours: I
will tell you about it as we drive along,
r if you will have the goodness to take
d me to the nearest railway station where
s I can get a train for New York."
I stepped to the door and looking out
into the night. found that the cloud
which had burst over our heads had Two largest Triumph Watermelons grown in 1900 from my selected seed,
spentitself, and that the thunder wads were grown by W. C. Vann, of Abbe ville, Ala., weighing 10/ pounds
sperumbling off toward the southunder was each. Prizes for same, $70.00. Large st Triumph grown in North Carolina in
When I returned the lady had gotten 11nM), weighed 78 pounds, prize for sa me. $20.00. Largest Triumph grown
out of the feed-box and was standing in South Carolina in 1900, weighed 101 %i pounds, pize for same, $20.00.
beside my buggy. grasping the handle Largest Triumph grown in Georgia in 1t01). weighed 12712 pounds, prize for
e f a good-sized traveling bag, and wear. same, $20.00. Largest Triumph grown in Fla., in 1900, weighed 92 lbs., prize
ing a neat little hat. I noticed that her for same, $20.00. Largest Triumph gr own in Mississippi ip 1900, weighed
d dress was soaking wet, and that a pair 76 pounds, prize for same, $20.00. Lar gest Triumph grown in Louisiana in
of gloves which she carried had receiv- 10X.), weighed 76 pounds, prize for sa me, $20.00. Largest Triumph grown in
' ed a drenching that had terminated Texas, weight 1051/, pounds, prize f or s:aue, $20.00.
Their period of usefulness. Liberal prize offered for largest T rinumh in the South in 1901. Liberal
s "Don't let us lose any time." she beg- prizes for largest Triumph grown in each Southern State in 1901.
ged. and she tucked her bag under the Buy the genuine selected- eed dir ect from the originator. Each purchas-
f seat of the carriage, and sprang in er entitled to compete for prizes.
I lightly after it. I sell all varieties of watermelon se ed, Florida Favorite, Duke Jones, Brad-
r My companion gave a sigh of relief, ford Blue Gem, Seminole, Georgia Rat tesnake, Gray Monarch, Dark Icing,
as we drove out of the gate. after which Dixie, Glansier, New Favorite, Jones, Black Dlamnnd, Gray National, Boss,
for nearly a mile she sat beside me in Cole's Early, Mountain Sweet, and oth ers. All Southern Beauty and Rocky-
- silence. At last arousing herself with ford Canteloute seed.
evident effort. she spoke.- I make a specialty of Beggarweed Seed and can make you 0lw prices on
"I appreciate your great kindness, both the rough and cleaned or hulled seed.
e sir. and I will now give you the expla- Write for Catalogue.
nation to which you are entitled. My
home is in Boston. but owing to ill- W. M. GIRARDEAU, Monticello, Florida.
health, my husband has been obliged
to give up his business there and seek
employment in a warmer climate. Some 6 XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
week's ago he succeeded in obtaining a
position in Caracas. Venezuela. He en- Given as a Premium for One New Subscnlier.
gaged passage on a steamer which sails
early to-morrow morning, and all our
e arrangements have been made. He left
g for New York with the trunks on Tues-
a day. and I should have lined him there
last evening. but for this horrible mis-
Sha that befell me."
SShe paused for a moment to regain
e control of her voice which had trembled
at the recollection of what she had ex- Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
t erienc do't k whether you wi be- we Will send the above premium. postpaid. Remember the
e "I don't know whether you will be-
g lieve what I am going to tell. for it spoons are first-class XXX plate, Address,
e sounds more like fiction than truth."
she continued presently. "I spent the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
d night before last with my sister at her
country place. which is twenty-five miles dJackonvlle ,Fi.
this side of Boston and nearly six from --
d the railroad. Her coachman wat driv-
y ing me over to the train yesterday after- FOR SUMMER AND FALL
r noon. when, as we were passing through PLANTING.
x a lonely bit of woods. we were set upon
e bhv two armed and masked men. one THE GRIFFING BROTHER'S-CO
d of whom held a pistol to the driver's Jacsonvill, Fa.
e head. The other took my purse. which
r' I gave ut without resistance. thinking THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
n that they wmold then leave us. but the Con.plete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
thief lumped into the carriage. and the and sets, Matchkss Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
o next moment I was breathing in some-
- thing sweet and stunefyine. I remem- ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
h bered nothing. more until I came to in
n the hose belonging to the stable in Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
nthe h se beloginho to the stable in T application. Address
e which vyo found me." plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE GRIFFINO BROTHER'S CO.,
'The Graison house f exclaimed and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jackaville, PFla.
s "Why it has not been occupied for three
r years."
l "Exactlyv. and it was therefore a con-
d lenient place for those wretches to hide Can't you earn some of our premiums?
t.- me. Oh. sir. I passed a most wretched










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 7'-


night, as you may well imagine. Per- in a criminal case and would consider it
haps you have a wife of your own-" detrimental to me professionally. And
"I have, madam, and five children," 1 so within sight of the depot I gave her
replied promptly, the required promise.
'Then try to imagine her in my posi- As we drove up to the steps my com-
tion," she went on, "locked in an up- panion jumped out quickly taking hei
per room in that musty old house, which bag with her for the train was whistling
is apparently far from any habitation, only a short distance away. Suddenly
and in the power of two unscrupulous remembering that she could have no
men, who told me that they intended to money, I unbuttoned my coat and took
keep me a prisoner until my husband out my pocket-book.
had paid a large sum of money for my "You will want something for your
ransom." fare." I said apologetically.
I could not somehow imagine Louisa "I was forgetting about that," she an-
as a victim of a kidnapping episode. swered. "Five dollars will be enough.
The part did not seem to suit her. Thank you. I will return it by mail.
"They brought me food, but I almost Your name is-"
feared to eat it," pursued the lady, "and "Dr. Charles Littlefield," and she
I have been faint for want of nourish- turned and hurried toward the train,
ment. I have never seen either of the which was puffing loudly at the other
men without his mask, but this evening side of the station.
I recognized quite plainly that the one The next day was an unusually busy
who brought me my tea had been drink- one for me, and it was not until evening
ing heavily, I kept thinking of this after that I found time to sit down and read
he had gone, and felt encouraged to try the morning papers. I was looking over
and escape. I thought that they would the political news, when Louisa, who
both probably fall into a drunken sleep was reading the evening paper, gave a
as the evening wore on, for they doubt- characteristic exclamation, which she
less felt I was safe on a night like this, only used upon rare occasions.
behind a doubly locked door and with "Great powers and mercy, Charles,
the window twenty feet from the ground we might have all been murdered in our
But they did not know that I was some- beds. A gang of desperate thieves has
thing of an athlete, and that the thick been hidden in the Grayson house not
vine that grows up the side of the five miles from here."
house at a distance of hardly a foot from I trembled in anticipation of what
that particular window, seemed to me was coming, and held on to the arm of
to afford a comparatively easy means my chair.
of descent." "What do you mean. Louisa? Read
"What, you don't mean to say that the article aloud." I said faintly.
you climbed down that vine?" I cried. It seems that three nights before, on
"I certainly do," was the half-laughing the 13th. the store of one of the largest
response, dealers of precious stones and silver-
"But your bag!" I exclaimed. ware it: Boston had been robbed of
"Oh I dropped that down on the soft jewels amounting to twenty thousand
turf before I got out myself. You see dollars. The watchman had been over-
the way I come to have the bag at all powered and chloroformed. and the
is that the thieves must have brought safes opened with a dexterity and neat
it, thinking it might contain something ness that evidenced an experienced
of value; but when they found nothing hand. The job was believed to lbe the
but clothing and some books that I was work of Buck Finney's gang, all of
taking to read on the voyage, they re- whom were well known to the police.
turned it to me."' The detectives had lost no time in con-
"You have certainly had a most re- firming their suspicions, and had gotten
markable adventure, madam," I said. a clue which enabled them to trace he
"And I wish to congratulate you not burglars, who were traveling by slow
only upon your escape, but on the stages to New York.
pluck and determination that accom- 'I he account went on to say:
panied it. Why, not one woman in a "Three of the men were surprised and
thousand would have had the courage to captured at nine o'clock last night near
attempt what you did. I only hope those Glentmore. in the untenanted house
miscreants may receive the punishment which belonged to the late Mr. Grayson;
thcy deserve." but the jewels were not found in their
"I don't think I care very much possession. It is now thought they are
whether they do or not, now that I am in the keeping of a woman belonging to
safe," was the reply. "My only desire is the gang, who goes by the name of
to reach my husband; and I am going Madge Wilson. alias Blonde Bess. and
to ask you, sir, to say nothing of this who is supposed to be hiding in Bos,
matter to any one until after noon to- ton. The woman was at one time on the
morrow. You could not report the stage, and is said to be handsome and
matter to the authorities without giving well educated. The officers brought
them a clue to my whereabouts, in their captives to Boston on the freight
which case I should inevitably be de- train which stopped at Glenmore at
trained as a witness. My husband and 1 midnightL"
must sail to-morrow morning: his health Nervous excitement had accelerated
requires it, and we cannot afford to the action of my heart. and induced a
lose the passage money." profuse perspiration, which gave me ar
"But my dear lady-" I ejaculated. unpleasant feeling. I made no comment
"I know what you are going to say. but I was thinking how much inform
that I am asking you to stand in the way tion I could give the detectives if I chos<
of justice and all that," she interrupted. tor had not my respectable buggy har
"But just look at the matter calmly for bored Blonde Bess and the bag. whict
a moment. In the first place, my sister I now felt confident contained the jew
has, of course, heard from the coach- els. for a distance of nearly five miles'
man about the attack upon us and my Had not I Charles Littlefield. M. D.
subsequent disappearances and has with- assisted her to escape from under th<
out doubt put the matter into the hands very noses of the officers of justice
of the police; therefore the machinery and had not I given her of my honestly]
of the law is already at work; and should earned money, and paid her compli
the men be caught, there is always the ments. and wished her well, and prom
coachman to testify against them. I am ised her anything she asked, and-"
the person principally concerned in thts "What is the matter. Charles? Have
affair, and having gotten off without you taken cold? You are shivering a
anything worse than a bad I;rght anl though you had the ague?."
the loss of my pocket-book. I do not Louisa's voice recalled me to the pres
feel called upon to seriously inconven- ent. and I answered.
ience myself, and put my husband to an "I was just thinking that I must hav,
expense that he can ill afford, in ord,1i passed the Grayson place last night
to appear against two men whom I while they were there. the-criminalb
could not identify. since I have never detectives, and all."
seen their faces." I felt that the time was past for tell
"But if I take no steps in the matter ing what I knew to the police. It seem
they may escape before tomorrow!" I ed to me that the recital would onl3
exclaimed. make me an object of ridicule, without
"They may have done so already," re- assisting in the recovery of the value
turned the lady. "They will hardly re- ables, for I had no doubt that what th
main after they discover that I have woman had said about her intention c
gone." sailing that morning was the one par
As I thought it over I began to see of her story that was true. She wa
certain advantages to myself in a course probably by this time safely out on th
of silence. I felt that Louisa would dis- high seas and on her way to a place c
approve highly of my being mixed up safety. As time passed and the police


$4.00 for $2.00!t

Seed yon must have to make a garden, and the AcaICULTUulsT you should have to be a
sucessfnl gardner. You can get them both at the price 0 one. Send us one new nubcriber
and $2 and we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of

GRIFFIN BROTHERS.
Beans, Extra Early Red Valen- Egg Plant, Griffing's Improved
tine.............. ......10 Thornless............. 10
New Stringless Green Lettuce, Big Boston.......... .5
Pod.................. .10 Onions, Red Bermuda...........10
Dwarf German Black Griffing's White Wax.. ...10
Wax................ .10 Peas, Alaska................ 10
Burpees Large Bush Li- Champion of England.... .10
ma...... ............ .10 Peppers, Long Cayenne.... .. ....5
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5 Ruby King.......... 5
Imperial Blood Red Tur- Radishes, Wonderful ........ ..
nip...... .......... .5 Grifing's Early Scar-
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey let.. ................ .5
Wakefield ............ .5 Earley Scarlet Erfurt .. .
Early Summer.......... .5 Tomatoes, Beauty.. .. .. ...... .5
Griffing's Succession .. .. .5 Money Maker.. ........ 5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10 Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.. .. .5
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.... .10 Pomeranian White Globe
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5 ...... .............. .5
Long Green Turkish.. .. .5 Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede.... .5
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.


Premium Offer No 1. o 'wl 'vSub-snri-' rand
t 0 willtcce n olpm-fa4 stem-wind
and stem-set watch, guaranteed by the manufacturers for one year. Send your subscrp-
sion atonce to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacsonville Fla.


failed to produce either her or the jew-
els, I became convinced that I had been
right.
The three men were tried and con-
victed on the testimony of the watch-
man, assisted by circumstantial evidence,
and are now serving long terms.
One morning nearly six months after
my adventure, 1 received by mail an en-
velope containing a five dollar bill, and
bearing the postmark of a place in Span-
ish Honduras, a country, by the way
with which we have no extradition
treaty. It was addressed in a feminine
hand, and I needed no one to tell me
who it was from, but I have never been
able to understand why a woman who
was capable of making off with twen-
ty thousand dollars worth of stolen
property should have taken the trouble
to return the small sum that I had lent
her.
I was glad that Louisa had not seen
that postmark for she might have ask-
ed some awkward questions. M. nuino-
night ride with Blonde Bess is some-
thing which I have never spoken about
to my wife. One can never tell how a
woman will view such matters, and I
had a feeling that Louisa would see
something reprehensible in my con-
duct on that occasion. At any rate 1
shall continue to hold my peace.-New
York Evening Post.
*
Burns' Hogs.
"Somehow or other my hogs are not
doing well, although I few them corn
and good swill regularly every day."
As Mr. Burns said this he led the
way to an orchard lot where were per-
haps a dozen or more fat hogs. At
first it did seem strange that they
were not thrifty when so well cared
for. I noticed they all had one or two
rings in their snouts, some limped and
others presented a pitiable appearance,
having one ear up and one down, and
a closer examination revealed the
head or neck more or less twisted or


turned. I did not want to ask how
came about these condition and by
keeping my "eyes open" I saw the
cause.
The feed, previously mixed, is pour-
ed from buckets into a long wooden
trough, which stands in the lot where
these hogs run at large, and they are
just like all of their kind, ever ready
and anxious to be fed.
Nearby I saw a good sized club
standing in readiness to be seized and
used by the irate farmer Burns on the
first hog that dares approach the feed-
ing place before he is ready for them.
In behalf of the poor unfortunates,
and in reply to his question, "Mr. Lee,
can you see any reason for them not
doing well?" I said, "Of all animals
the hog requires the most humane
treatment to insure profitable.results.
And I think if you could arrange to
feed them without having to go in
amongst them, they would doubtless do
better." "Perhaps so," he quickly
said, and gave a'guilty glance in the
direction of the "hog club."-National
Stockman.
4 *
TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady. cred of hr deafss aad
nolase in the head by Dr. Nicholmon's
Artifiial Ear Druma, rgave $10.M to hl
Institute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may have thsm
free. Address ltie. The Nicholsm In-
otitute. 780 EIghth Avenue. New York.
0 *
READ THIS.
There is a Sanitarium in Bellevlew,
Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mail. Ad-
dress,
BELLEVIEW SANITARIUM,
J. W. Thompson, M. D., Supt.
Belleview, Fla.
Can't you win one of or premi
Can't you win one of our premium?








790 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


WITH THE JOKla.

"Say, that hunting dog is no good. I
wouldn't have him around."
"Yes. you would. We keep him to
lend."-Chicago Record.

".limnie is getting more polite."
"I hadn't noticed it."
"Yes; at breakfast this morning the
pancakes on toll of ihe pile were a lit-
tle burned. wlhenl they were passed to
Jimmlie, he said. "lelp ;George first."

Miss Spitkurl (giggling) Oh, Mr.
Sharp, you know a woman is only as
old as she looks.
Mr. Sharp-She ought to be thankful
she isn't as young as she acts.-Detriot
Free Press.

"He said I was swanlike. I believe,"
said Miss Rawkis. "Wasn't that gal-
lant of him?"
"Oh. I don't know:" replied Miss Pep-
pery. "It was while you were trying
to sing that he made the reilirk."-
Philadelphia Press.


"Is it true coffee and sugar are
going up, Mrs. Prooins?" asked the ob-
servant boarder as he handed his cup
for a second replenishing and asked
for "three lumps,- as usual."
"It is true, Mr. Slowpay," replied the
landlady. "They are also going down,
I notice."-P'ittsburg Chronicle-Tele-
graph.

"I wish I could think of sonime new
and unusual (hristimns present to sutr-
prise mania with this year," said Miss
de Muir, wrinkling her fair brow in
deep perplexity. "HIow do you think
she'd like aI sol-in-law?" hoarsely
u-.spered young Spoiainntore'. falling
readily into tlle only line of thought
that seemed to suggest itself.

The class was having lessons ill na-
tural history, and tle teacher asked:
"Now. is there anybody here (.an tell
me what a zebral is?"
Tommy- "Yes. sir. I can."
Teacher -"Well. Tommny. what is a
zebra?"
Tommy -"Ple'aso sir, a zebra is a
donkey with a foot ball suit on."

Mr. Fiitznoodle. sitting in stern of
boat, steering, while his fair companion
plies the sculls- "1o you know. Miss
Jessie, I have a great mIind to frightent
you by rocking the boat.
Miss Jessie (a self-reliant young la-
dy)-"A young nan like yon tried that
with me once and tille balt luset."
Mr. Fitzno~odle- "Id it really? And
what did you do?"
Miss Jessie-"S \;11nin Is5iore 1n11d no-
tified the coronlerl:"


It was on Ii west side Iabhle. The
stout Teuton wolni3nt withll the little
boy handed the collductor a $2 bill.
"Smallest you liiive?" inquired the
conductor, as lie sifted the silver and
nickel in his pocket.
She thought lie meant the little boy.
"Nein!" she resilonded. "I hIif one
home only dree months old alretty."
Then the laugh was on the clonduc-
tor.-Taconla News,

S Mrs. Towne-My husband. you know-
is a chronic kicker. Well, I made hinm
awfully: mad last night. We were go.
ing to the theatre, and-
Mrs. Brown-Kept hiim.waiting long-
er than usual while you got dressed,
eh?
Mrs. Towne--No I got ready so
quickly lie didn't have anything to
kick about. and that made him furious.
-Philadelphia Press.

"But why do you call the hero of
your musical comedy, 'Azof Yore?' "
"Well, you know that in every per-
fect musical comedy there must be one
joke. You can have all the music you
want, but you need one joke. Tile au-
dience looks for it."
"Well?"
"Well. when the heroine asks. "Do
you love me as of yore?" they get the
joke, See? Azof Yore. Clever, Isn't
It?"-Cleveland Plaindealer.


Askit Is Loafer a lazy man?
Tellit Lazy! Why, he has killed so
much time he is ashamed to look aFarmers' ,,4 Attention.
clock in tie face.-Baltimore Amerl-
can. I SPECIAL SPRING GOODS.

lie-Sorry to hear your engagement Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
with youg e Rocks is off. Avery Garden Plows, arrows
SIhe-Yes. He ran away and enlist-
edl to light in China, the coward!- GEORGIA STOCKS.
(hi o NSws. SPRAYING OUTFITS,

Mollie-You have nothing to look for-
ward to. And everything in grove and farm implements .nd supplies.
Chollie-Yes. I have.. I have a
wealthy aunt who believes in Chris- Poultry Netting ippd any station in Florida at l- Columbia Bicycles,
tian science.-Smart Set. s -, .nn a. ,v Er .ie


"Any vacancies in your office, sir?"
"Well, you might come in and see if
you can lill any of the vacant expres-
sions you notice on my clerk's faces."
'lhiago Record.

Farnmer Ilornbeak-There's one good
tling about golf. anyhow.
Farmer Iunk (skepticaly lluh!
What's that?
Farmer lorneak--Ye don't have to
play it if ye don't want to.-Puck.

"P'a. (eorgie (iibbs had more fun out
in th' country ain' we did."
"Ohl. I guess not. Jimmy."
"Yes. he did. ph; he seen a cow get
drowned an' a load o' hay burn uD."-
I ndi;anatlolis Journal.

lDolly Dinmples-D)o you ever hear a
cuntious buzzing sound ill your ears,
Mr. I';vergreen?
Mr. EISverg'reen-No. but sometimes I
:have thought I heard something rattle
inside.
l oly I nlples-Thank heaven! Per-
halps lthert's solllething in it after all.
-Ohio Stalte Journal.

"I've got a great scheme to make
money in WVll street. All you've got
to do is to ibuyv when stocks are going
ulp anll sell when they are going down."
"ilt how are you going to tell wheth-
er they :rle going u. or down"?"
"W:lit andi< 5,5."-Life.


Tonmmy hl:il had pneunionia, so had
Isenl for some time it the hospital
where they Il;Id treated himn so well
tlllt le was Imucli averse to the nros-
plect of beinig discharged as "cured."
One da;y the doctor was taking his
tlll'peralure, and while Tommy had
the theriomlneter in his mouth tile doc-
tor moved on. and happened to turn
his hIbak. Tommy saw his chance. iHe
pulled the thermlolneter out of his
mouth 11nl lpoplwed it into a cup of tea,
repll i4.ing i alt tile first sign of tile
nillli.co turning. When that worthy
examined tlie thermometer lie looked
list ;it Tonnlly. then back to the ther-
Inometer. : and gasped.-
"tWell. my main. you're not dead. but
you ought *o lie!"
0 0
EX-GOVERNOR OF MISSISSIPPI
TESTIFIES TO THE MERITS OF
SLOAN'S LINIMENT.
Jackson, Miss., May 5, 1900.
D?. Earl Sloan, Boston, Mass.,
Dear Sir:-Some months since your
traveling agent, Col. J. L. Collins,
presented to lme a few sample bottles
of your linimnent, insisting that I give
it a fair trial when occasion night de.
niand. Since that time several instan-
ces with tenants on my plantation re-
quiring a remedy of this kind turned
up, and must say with candor it act-
ed like a charm and was perfectly
marvelous in its effects. I am sure that
it is a remedy that fully merits all that
is claimed for it, and I cheerfully re-
commend it to all people suffering with
any complaint requiring antiseptic.
(Signed) Robert Lowry,
Ex-.overnor of Mississippi.
-
His Preference.
Sutherland, Fla., Nov. 25, '99.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I don't wish to flatter
any one, but must say that you are
my preference among the many fertili-
zer firms with whom I have dealt in
your town and I hope to give you my
business. Yours truly,
J. C. Craver.


%IIJl% r'I, %UPL IN U VIM-5,
CARRARA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PUflPS.
Write for Prices.
GEORGE H. FERNALD, . . Sanford, Fla.


PLANT


SYSTEn,


The Great Througn Car Line From Florida.


CONNECTIONS.


To The


To The


To The


THE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, ;via'Charles'on,
Richmond and Washington.

THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co
lumbia and Washington.


The Southern R'y via Jesup. Atlanta and Chattan'ga
The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevil
The Mobile &Ohio Il. via Montgomery.


Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
York, Philadelphia and loston.

Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transports


tion Company for Baltimore.
via Steamuhlp

To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
AND
HAVANA STEAfSHIP CO.

NOVA SCOTIA
NOVA SCOTIA, Via Boston and CANA)A, ATLANTIC and PLANT
CAPE BRETON&
CAPNE BRETO& STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbury
PrWNCE EDWARDS
NCE EDWA S and Charlottestown.
ISLAND....


Winter Tourist Tickets

Will be on sale throughout the NORTH IIERN. EASTERN, WESTERN AND

SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORID A RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop-
over privileges in Florida.
ADDRESS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
VERTISING MATTER.

For Information as to rates, sleeping-c ar services, reservations, etc., write to
F. M. JOLLY, Div islon Passenger Agent.
138 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
W. B. DENHAM. B. W. WRENN.
Gen. Supt. Pass. Traffce Mng'r.
SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 91


FLOBIDIANA.

George Mobley, proprietor of Lees
burg's meat market, has 120 acres it
velvet beans. He will shortly turn ih
a herd of cattle on them to fatten. He
tested the beans last year, and the
result was in every way satisfactory.-
Leesburg Commercial.
The insect family Is worse on the
muck lands than was ever known be-
fore. Worms and bugs destroyed a
good portion of the bean crop, and art
now working on the cabbage and othei
vegetables It is supposed that the
unusually wet summer and fall is the
cause of the pestilence..
Bean shipping is about over with our
truckers. The crop was entirely to(
early this season for the market. The
bulk of the crop was shipped before
the Northern markets opened up. Cel.
ery will be the next on the market. II
there is no freeze by 5th of January
this vegetable will be going to the
North for market.
Schools in Hernando county are kept
up to the highest possible degree ol
proficiency attainable by good teach.
era and a thorough course of system
matic study. Most of them have eighl
months terms. Text books are fur
nished by the county free of all charge
so there is no reason why any chill
should grow up in ignorance.-Brooks
ville Register.
About the prettiest and most appro
private sign we have seen for a long timi
Is in Mr. O. C. Butterweck's window
It is a very handsome, thrifty tobacco<
plant, just tie thing to speak for a ci
gar factory. Mrs Butterweek is grow
Ing other plants so as to have another
to take the place of the present one ai
soon as it begins to mature.-Brooks
ville Register.
The few cold days amr very suggest
ive to the pineapple man, and he is pul
ting in much of his spare time gather
ing and piling palmetto fans at a coi
venient distance from his pet pineal
pie patch, so when the thermometer
points towards the danger line, he ca
easily place them where they will d
the most good.-Ankona Item Titusvill
Advocate.
Orange and grape fruit continue t
move at a lively rate, the steamer
Gray Eagle, Anal C., Suwanee an
Louise bringing them down from tt
upper and orange river, and th
steamers St. Lucie and iH. B. Plan
averaging about one thousand boxt
on every trip from here. Agent Blake
books show that 11,953 boxes haN
been shipped since our last report c
Nov. 21st. This brings the total shil
ments for the season to 26,300 boxei
or within 2,000 of last season's tot,
shipments.
The Metropolis editor was show
this week several fine. specimens a
grape fruit from the grove of B. I
Potter, of Cocoanut Grove whit
knocks out the oft repeated story <
the Dade county enemies that grag
fruit cannot be grown successfully an
profitably here. Mr. Potter has a fit
young grove containing a number ,
choice grape fruit buds now less thb
four years old, and holding some
or a 100 boxes of fruit of the kil
shown this week. They were medium
sized, beautifully colored and well d
veloped, as pretty and fancy as an
ever grown in the state. And what M
Potter has accomplished here- other
can and will.-Miami Metropolis.
The orange shipments of the pa:
week bring the total shipments for tl
season up to figures that wipe out a
the past records for Lee county. TI
shipments last season amounted
28300 boxes, and this was the grea
eat amount ever sent forward in oi
season. This season's shllipments ar
however, burying the old records o0
of sight, and establishing new figure
for this county. The shipments for tl
week, as gathered from Agent Blake
shipping bills, are 7,319 boxes, or a
Average of over 1,200 boxes a day. TI
figures previously reported for this se
son were 26,300, bringing the aggrega
shipments up to this morning to 3
619, or 5,000 more boxes than ever se
out before for an entire season. It
now certain that last season's figure


will be more than doubled. The larg-
est daily shipments for the past week
were 1,.500 boxes on Friday by the
St. Lucle, 1,000 boxes on Saturday by
the steamer H. B. Plant, and 1,655 this
morning by the Plant.
Thirty-five wagons laden with
about 135,000 oranges In bulk arrive(
from the Miakka and other section
Tuesday. During a large portion of thi
day Main street was almost blocked
with teams.-Braidentown Journal
News.
J. M. Lewis, of Altamonte Springs,
who has charge of a number of or
range groves in his neighborhood re-
ports that from one of these which was
hurt but little by the cold a few years
ago, he gathered eight to nine boxes of
fruit to the tree.-Orlando Sentinel-
Reporter.


And now about Avocado or Alligator
Pears. They will always be known as 4+ 0 a
ant called Alligator Pears. That is much ,M
better than Subaltern's Butter which
is an old-fashioned fleet or nautical
nalne for them, and after all it is a
well-known rfat that alligators do pair, .
so let them take the fruit. Next thing
some one will want to call it Flo-ree- S
dala. which is really correct, but Flor- c
'ida is good enough. Then they'll tackle 0 N
Biscayne and want to call it Viscay-
nes. which was right once upon a time. *
and Miami was for quite a while, by M
act of the Postmaster-General, Maanma
-Miami Metropolis. -
In view of the fact that the recent B
census report of the population of this
town does us a gross injustice by giving No
the number at -' iu we think that the
town council should have the census 4
retaken anil a correct report forwarded! E4
to the census bureau at Washington 1
We have nearly four hundred register- *
ed voters, and the total of children of
all ages. white and colored, number Q
about three hundred and thirty hence I1
it is seen that a correct count of ouri W o
ls)pulation will give us about fifteen N
unulredl. The gross error in the census
recently reported does us a serious'
wrong and should be remedied.--akel
Worth News NoSlo.25
San Sn I
A movement is no foot among tile only e
pineapple growers of South and East p "(p
Florida to extend tle organization I 1
known as the South Florida Pineap- Tp 8 00p
pie .Asociation of St. Petersburg, so as 0,
to inlulle tlhe owners of every shed
in the state. The Ienefits already de-
rived from the present smaller organi- of.1.
zaL:on are alleged to be so manifest to ..L..
all the growers, that it is argued, thlat 44 "
there is no good reason wlhy all tie moplAr ...C
farmers in the state should not come Al tats be
into one large association and not only T 4ItyJ.
benefit themselves individually. but by rom the sev
making the organization stronger l en- nor do
etit the whole organization. With this ertr
end in view, all the growers have been Penil
invited to meet in Tampa on January eala
tlhe 23rd, to consider the project and tio
offpct an organization. If successfully
carried through it will oe onel of tihe
most important gatherings ever held in LeaveYimi
the state and will be of incalculable IEaveSivY
tile stateeoa hrn mfwy Ibgkqkqbgkqo ve KeyW
benefit to its members.


f .Old Books Rebound at this Office.
75 -
1 d | FOR $1 I will send you a
m prescription or formula.
le-
Your druggist can compound it. 'The
r. medicine will cure epileptic fits and
rs nervous diseases. I will ,also send diet
list. C. D. KNAPP, Avon Park, Fla.
st

A h AGENTS WANTED.
Ie iWe would like to secure an
to
t- agent in every town and ham-
n let in Florida. Write at once.
ut E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
e a
e | Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
's Jacksonville, Fla.
in
le THE U. S. LIVE STOCK REMEDY has
a- proved moat efficient in preventing and
te curing Hog and Ohicken Cholera and
Kindred diseases. It lr also a fine con-
dition powder. Sales are Increasing If
nt your dealer don't keep It we will mall
Is It to you on receipt of price Sc per %
b. Liberal discount to dealer. ISAAC
es MORGAN. Agent. Kisclmee, Fla. 1t


Leave Miami
Leave Key S


NICH ESTER

W9 "NEW RIVAL"

FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
NKjblck powder shella On the market ere with the NBW RIVAL" is mll
iormityamd stro heoting qualities. S ire ad waterprel. Oet the emiae.
INI ESTER E AI C& .., .C-




Florida Flnt Coast Ry.


rOUTH BOUND (Bead Dews.) It snt @p. 3I5 (em Up) VOnIO N .


t, W --- -- --.- -.


-- .s- -rt


No. STATIONS. No. L
L .........Jae llorave ....... A
r..........acU.r.........
L ........ Cu~ in.......A..

r i..... .... at .... ..o .
" ............. L t .......... L
.......... ... ... ..
v.........Pto~..........
:...... :Now:rsmur........r
............. OkI .......... .



- .......... Jt i ......... .

. .........eoadlan. .."
. .......... city point ......... .



....... Sta t ..........
.......... Sediioust......... "
........... Pt MPienrm........."

........... JLnon .l.......... ..





Ar ...........Miami ......... Lv


Buekot Prlor Oa. Trdins 5 sad 78
Between JasoL nvlll, PabI Ueneko r ad Mrayprt.


IsiDily STATIONS.
x uex Sn


441094.1=1091


Is



alp




@W


Cp

tdy


Spil aUIL I ................ Jlcmeoml ................Ar 7 I X 3 ......
6ip k ............So. Jo ..................Lv 7 a 4 O ....
5Si 8l ..............Pablo Blaoh. .......... I1I 4I ......
B p 9s e l" ......... ..... M port................ I 4001 ......
New Smyrna a" Orange Btween Titurwll* ad Sanfed.
City Juetl-. No.11 STATIONS. P s
STATIONS. ia 7T ..........Titu~rile.........
....N ew myrna......A. l 7I ............ Xi ..........
...La He ........ L p ........... .........

tween New myrna and Orange All trains between Titwl ad Suiert
nation daily expt Sndva. daily except SIy.
me Table show the times at whioh traim may be exeotd toarrive ad
rwl stations, bat their arrival dp at the me stated is not adm-
Sthe Oompany hold itself repoenble for amy delay or any eaeque


insular and Occidental S. S. Co.
CONNECTIONS AT MIAMI..
- HAVANA LINE. -
s.." y8..-.
S...........11.0 pp.m. Arrive E W Wedneay......La.
aTharsday...........0. 0 L. Arrive Key West Thursdas........ .
est Thursya........ &U p. Arrive Miami Friday..............., 4IM.
KEY WEST LINE. -
S................ pm. Arrive Key W ardy........ a m.
rest Sundays. .......... &30p. ra Arrive Xism Monda. ............. asa. N4


Paeingra for Havana can leave Miami Fridays 1.U) p m arriving Hey Wes Sturdui.
U O a. in., and ran in Key Weet until 900 pm. Sunday following, and at that time leave
eO the StemafUt "'Oivette," arriving Havana aday morning.
or apy oflocal tim heard eddr any Agent.


MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
6 ea 6 Gege Panm er service.
To mafe clost -onnec-
Fl rida tons with steame 'leave
New York Jacksonville (Uni, de-
h pot) Thursdays10.20 m.
Phila- A. L. By.) or Fer.Dn-
dino 1:W0 p. m., via CL -
delphia & berland steamer; (me.ls
en route) or "all rail" via
Boston Plant System at 2:00 p. m..
ar. Brunswick 6:00 p. m.
passengers on arrival go-
From Brnswick direct to ing directly aboard steam
New York. < *- er.
PROPEOaI SAILINGS for Dee.. 1900.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK. GA. DIR ECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVER
FRIDAY 4 S FOLLOWS:
S. 8. COLORADO.. ...... ...... .. .... .......... .. Dec. 7.
S. S. RIO GRANDE ...... ....... ............... ....Dec.14.
S. S. COLORADO .. ............... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ....Dec. 21.
S. 8. RIO GRAND ......... .............. ............. ...... Dec.28.
For 'owert rates, reservations and full information apply to
BASIL GILL, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
J. S. Raymond, Agent Brunswick, Ga.
C. H. MALLORY & CO.. General Agen to, Pier 21, E. R., New Yosk.


...............


I___


I __~I I


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.







'70 THE FLORIDA GRICULTURIST.


Simon Pure


Fertilizers


--ARE-


Time-Tried and Crop-Tested! .

Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the



OROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.

If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Ammoniates:
SULPHATE AMMONIA,
NITRATE SODA.
DRIED BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
. BLOOD AND BONE,
BONE.
TANKAGE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,.
CASTOR POMACE,


Potashes:
MURIATE POTASH,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
KAINIT,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
Phosphoric Acids:
DISSOLVED BONE,
ACID PHOSPHATE,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,


Miscellaneous:
SALT,
LIME, *
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS,
BLUE STONE,
CAUSTIC SODA,
LAND PLASTER.
WHALE OIL SOAP,
GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON,


OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and Inseetlcdes ga
rally.
Tobacco Materials:
CUT TOBACCO Wc'fM8
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed nnleacbed and to m-
tain all their fertilizing and Insecticde
properties


WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO

E. O. PAINTER & CO., = = Jacksonville, Fla.


Grew So Heavy.
R. O. Potcter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertili-
ser bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
rf lawn is St. Lucle grass and has cer-
ainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some


others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept 22, 1900.

Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee, Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.


Beyond Xy Expectation.
B. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilzer on the L. P. T. Pinery, the re-
sult was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
Very respectfully,
A. M. Temple
Osteen, Fla., Sept. 27, 1900.
Gave Entire Batisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-


ing that the fertilizer furnished bl
you for the orange groves in F
charge has given entire satlsfaetle
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford, Fla., Oct. 51, 1900.
Ojus Fla.
E 0. Painter & Co., JacksonUlle, F.
Gentlemen:-Please inclose me an
other price list. This fertilizer has gt-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. B. Seed.


A High-Grade Fertilizer
MUST HAVE


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"THEi IDE A T," BR A NDS
HrAV, H AV E TH ES E. Py.
--Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ice
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................ $3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)........ $27.00 per ton
A POTATO MANURE.......... per ton IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH... 28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO ANURE................ per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $3o.o00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER .....................$2.ao per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS" .
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT Z7.ER COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
PHg t rat Bhad d aad mBeno, $1800 per tea. Dlsavalmad Guane The Ideal Tobacco Fertlizer, S44.00 pr toa.

I. -


&