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Vol. XXVII, No. 49. Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Dec. 5, 1900. Whole No. 1401
-Peoans. '94; was excessively dry. and I had a
dloitor Florida .19riculturist: perfect stand. The point I wish to
A word more about pecan orchards, lake Ilere is that it is not
rtc. These questions are often asked: needful and probably not wise to dig
When is the best time to plant pe- pits. A pit, one spade deep. on per-
cans? As soon as you have the ground fectly dry ground, not oil a flat, will
ready after November 15th. Almost answer; if it must tew on a fiat, then I
one year Is gained by planting early should stand tile cassara on end and
say before Christmas. over trees plant- "ank around it, which is all is nec.
ed the following March or during the essary. A shallow pit on dry ground
spring, is safe and economical. Cut your seed
Can pecans be profitably grown on of a uniform length, bind in bundles
our light soil? To be sure they can, of convenient size, say, holding fifty
with good culture. They are being to sixty feet, use tarred yarn and your
grown near DeLand with more profit strings will hold till you take them
than any other crop to the same area out. There is a distinct saving in
of ground, binding, both in hauling from the field
Many trees that now drop their crops and later in taking from the pit. By
about midsummer, would carry them placing a double row of bundles, first
if they were properly fertilized. It is down the middle of the bed, supposing
now as much as the land can do to you operate on the surface, you will
carry the heavy crop of foliage, and have no trouble. If in a shallow pit,
it can not sustain tile crop of nuts the sides of course allow you to begin
without the proper food. Stable ma- at one end and fill as you go.
nure. dug in about the trees,_ is very While I do not advise taking alny
good. but it is probable that for first- risk of cold, I would cover lightly at
class quality of nuts. more potash and first. A Ilint I would not overlook is.
phosphate are needed, don't allow green leaves and branches
Does it not injure the pecan tree to to go into your bank-I'd better call it,
cut the root in digging? This tree for I don't like pit-its decay pro-
forms another tap-root, somletiles two (duces Ileat. and what you want is
or more, this I have often found after coolness enough to check any disposl-
digging a tree of which I had shorten- tiol to grow. I'll not saying but one
ed the tap-root the year before. Col. word on planting at this time. and it is
W. R. Stewart says. "All the trees in tills: The losses this year attributed
my grove had their tap-roots cut and to fall plalting, were from too dee,
I am sure it is a benefit to thenl" plhlting rather than rall planting.
I would plant grafts or budded ). R. Pilsbry.
trees closer than seedlings, say in rows *
thirty by twenty feet, seventy trees to Broad Tires.
the acre. W. H. Haskell. Nditour 'lorida .lAriculturistl:
Se* In the last number of the Florida
Caava Seed. Agriculturist there is a paper on broad
Edior Florida Agriculturist: tires. I do not think lhat it is any
. A now the matter of saving cas- test, to put low wheels against ihighl
fia seed is important and as in most ones. A test can easily be made with
things, there may Ibe a right way and a two wheel barrows, one 11 inch,
a wrong way. At least it is safe to and one 4 inch tire. Load up both
say there is a best way and one not so the same, a pretty good load, and
good. What we term seed is usually start on a cut up road or newly cul-
so full of vitality that it is pretty hard tivated land and you will soon find out.
to kill it outright. At the same time I have had tell years' experience with
the way not so good may result in less- a four inch tire one-horse wagon that
ened vitality, and may and does ac- is guaranteed to carry a ton. I will go
count for the poor stand so much com- on new plowed land and il a few trips
planned of. Now, I have seen stalks will have a good road that is getting
lie in the sun and wind for three weeks better every trial. Take a one and one-
and yet push buds when covered with half inch tire wagon, make another
soil. Leaving out tile question of dan- track, put same weight on and see for
ger from cold, the greatest risk occurs yourself. 1 used to put twenty-five
in too much and too early covering. A picking-boxes of oranges on my wagon
degree of dryness need not be feared, and my Florida pony pulled it with
Indeed, one grower I know of, piles his ease after a few trips. Where would
seed in the barn and covers it with a one and one-half inch tire have been
hay. Where the amount is not too with such a load on? Sunk deeper and
great. It should lbe left standing deeper till it stuck.
until frost is feared. During tile elev. It is the same on our Florida sand
en years from 1885 to 1819. 1 followed roads. A broad tire makes a good
this plan and never failed to get a track and improves right along; such
stand. When frost threatened, the a road never needs any repairs, if all
stalks were cut down, laid on a dry the roots are taken out before the
ridge, flatwise-something like a wind- track is laid. A wagon that will carry
row, three feet or so wide and equally a ton should have four inch tires; two
as high, covered with a little litter and tons, six inch; three tons, eight inch
not over two or three inches of sand. tires. I have seen wagons in the old
This way answered my purpose. I country with twelve inch tires.
never lost my seed. I never had any I claim that it would be a great say-
trouble about a stand. The spring of ing to the state to furnish free tires of
proper widths to all wagons and com-
pel the owners to have them put on.
All our roads would Iw good and very
little repair needed. A four inch shell-
led would last longer than an eight
inch one does with the tires now in
I have never written anything for
publication, but if I have any one hob-
by, it's broad tires; and if you can cull
out some of this for publication, you
are welcome to it. You may think that
it is too radical, but time will prove
that I am correct. I saw. nearly fifty
years ago, heavy trucks in the cities
with eight inch tires. On asking why
tils was, the answer was to save the
pavements. That was in Sweden.
N. L. Pierson.
SPractical experience is what counts.
Mr. Pierson's experience is worth more
to our people than a whole page of
theories. WVe would like to have other
articles of a similar nature and believe
many of our sullscrilHers could send us
valuable items if they only would take
a little time to jot down the notes.
can't t we hear from a few every week?
Down the East Co-st No. 2.
editor Fluorida Agriviltiirist:
Sunday evening. 10:15. found me at
Mliami, where at tile hotel near the
station a room was engaged for tlhe
night. After breakfast, an enjoyable
walk brought me to tile business Iart
of tile city, where everything -selled
equally in appearance to a Northern city.
(tonfortallle land colnmloodions Ah'llilr-'ll
schools, and elegant residences iorder-
ed the streets that extended several
squares back. The street fronting the
bay was cut from;' the solid limestone
rock which abounlds everywhere, and
tile curbing anu sidewalks were out-
lined as plainly as in Northern towns.
The Royal Palm Hotel, with its grove
of cocoanut trees and tropical vegeta-
tion of most gorgeous and varied hues,
at once struck tile eye. and the unac-
custolmed effect was marvelous to the
visitor. The marked improvement dur-
ing tile two years which had passed
since mily previous visit was every-
where apparent. and the cool breeze
from the Biscayne Bay was refreshing
in the extreme.
As before stated, my visit related
to business connected withl tile state
fisheries, and tlie (lay wnis snient in vis-
iting prominent officials and residents
interested inl tile matter. The inability
to furnish a porlion of tile consign.
nlent of shad donated by thle 1. S.
Fisheries Commission last April. when
the St. Lucie river and New River re-
ceived over 200,000, was considered.
and preliminaries arranged so that it
possible in the next consignment tlhe
Miami River should be remembered.
Accordingly plans were arranged for
a visit to the Rapids on the following
day with this object in view, and to
have demonstrated to us the fact that
Miallli section of Dadel county was see-
onl to none other in the state, or in
fact. any-other part of the Union open
to the cultivation of l variety of agrl-
cultural prinucts from which a lucra-
live profit could be realized. As an en-
thusiast on advantages offered by
Florida in her marine and fresh water
food products. I was hardly prepared
to tind others equally as ardent in the
expression of what they knew were
facts, though not recognized or admit-
ted by the general public who are not
familiar with the conditions that exist
in this favored locality.
While tile launch which was to carry
the gentlemen and myself was being
brought from near the Rapids, the
morning was spent in visiting several
young groves and private residences
within a few miles of the city to dem-
onstrate the productiveness of the soil.
Notwithstanding the presence of lime
rock in every direction, fruit trees,
flowering plants, pines and vegetables
of every variety were growing luxuri-
antly. fresh. green and thrifty all with-
ill U) Imonths from date of purchase.
Two-year orange groves, possessing all
ap:pealrances of tile most favorable con-
ditions were pointed out. On our re-
turn tile tlaunlch was ready, and a four-
mile trip up the Miami River was tak-
en. T'lle stream was wide, deep and
clear. with less vegetation than noticer
onl New River. though sufficient to
Ilide tile hollies locati
cocoa palms I learned as we progresseet.
There seemed to be an entire absence
of fresh water fish. as would naturally
be expected, and every opp>rtuntry
was afforded to note their presence.
il tlhe return trip lle plantation of
thle Messrs. . and C(. (. Richardson,
the former an octogenarian, was visit-
ed. This place was less than five years
old. and the tropical trees, plants and
vegetation were simply wonderful.
These ellbraced many varieties, among
which were grapefruit in great clus-
ters. just turning ai golden hue; or-
anges. lemons. limes. all ini bearing;
guava. sugar apples, pineapples, sapa.
dillas and alligator lear trees, some of
the Intter I' ing nearly 21. feet high
anlt none lmore tlhin live years old:
great rows of b;annas, cocoanut
trees, and adjacent a towering royal
palnl. high above tlhe surrounding vetr
etationl -probably 22 feet-and but six
years old: beggarweed growing in pro-
fusion: Indian squash scattered ovr 4
tihe ground-leverything denoted the
lest conditions for successful agricul-
ture. ''his is said to lae not an except-
ional locationl for tile sline can be said
of all the 111nd in this vicinity.
The next place was that of IH. P.
Williams, which was possibly a year
younger, and also that of Gen. Iaw-
rence. adjoining. In these two places,
each Ixissessed essentially tile same
features, so far as the appearance of
tile land was concerned, though the va-
rieties of tropical plants were exten.
sive and varied. Tile farm buildings
on the Lawrence place were of native
stone, quarried on the site on which
they were built, the lime having been
burned out of the rock to make the
concrete. These buildings are second
to none in the state, so far as appear-
ance goes. The herd of Jerseys be-
longing to the place, whose supply of
milk is furnished the Royal Palm
Hotel, is second to none in the state,
either in appearance or care. The
creamery and appliances are all mod-
ern and up-to-date.
Space will not admit of dwelling up-
on the details observed, but truth and
candor compel that the facts be made
known. Well may the citizens of-the
Miami section of Dade county be proud
of their advantages, which render it a
typical place for a winter home for the
wealthy, or a permanent home for
those of more limited means, who,
while the vigor of youth permits, may
in less time than in any other locality.
secure comforts for their declining
years in a -climate possessing all the
advantages of natural food production
as well as those resulting from the cul-
tivation of the soil. In writing the fore,
going observations, I have stated only
what I have seen and what is possible
for others to accomplish under like cir-
In conclusion, the fact is aplmrent
that labor expended in Ialde county is
not destroyed by marauding herds of
swine, as the no fence law is in force
and as a result, all things being equal,
this section of the state would be nre-
ferred by me for that special reason.
John Y. Detwiler.
Editor Florida Agrirculturint:
In cultivating tobacco in Florida the
endeavor is to use thp best elements
of the American, the Cuban and the
Sumatran methods, in which the Amer-
ican method, being the basis of all the
methods, largely predominates, tihe
Cuban and Sumatran hand methods
finding little favor with Americans
where horse labor can be substituted.
The Seed Beds.-The seed beds,
whether made in the forest or upon the
farm, arp thoroughly buried, enclosed
with plank or skinned poles, and cov-
ered with cloth. After sowing and
firming, the seed beds are watered
and, in the absence of suitable rains,
or of sufficient moisture in the soil to
keep the surface of the beds damp
the beds are watered with a watering
pot or other sprinkling devices.
Planting.-The time for planting to
bacco in Florida varies considerably
In the extreme southern portion of the
state transplanting begins in llebru
ary; in the latitude of Ocala, March
and in the more northern portions ol
the state, April.
When the plants are from three to
six inches high, the length depending
largely upon whether the plants an
stocky, as in thinly sown beds, or
slender, as in thickly sown beds, they
are set in the field, which has previous
ly been put in good tilth by plowing
fertilizing and harrowing.
Because of Florida's leachy soil, be
ing mostly fine quartz sand, fertilizers
are applied in the rows, mixed thor
roughly with the soil with a scooter or
shovel plow and a furrow thrown oi
it in both ways with a small plow or
twister. Commercial fertilizers whicl
are ordinarily employed, being injur
ious to the plant roots, are applied
from two weeks or a month Itefore the
plants are set so that they may diges
and be thoroughly incorporated in thi
Sometimes home-made fertilizers o
muck, lime, wood ashes and stable
manure are applied in the same wa:
as commercial fertilizers.
Before taking up the plants from th
plant bed, the hpd is watered thor
oughly so that some of the soil will ad
here to the roots. The plants are take;
up carefully with a pointed stick o
fork, generally in the morning whe:
the dew is on them, placed in shallo,
boxes, roots together, and covered wit
damp cloths and placed in a shady coo
place until planting time. Wher
there is sufficient labor at hand, th
plants are talen up as the planting
proceeds. Early in the season plant
are set at any time of day; later on
aftereon; in summer, late in th
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Tralnsplanting machines are used by lead and other insecticides are also
a few planters, but as a rule, the used for tlhe same purpose.
plants are dropped in the rows by The same insecticides are used in
hand, the desired distance apart, de- the seed wed when the plants are at-
pending upon the variety and strength tacked by insects, sometimes air
of the soil. The rows of Havana to- slaked lime, to which two ounces of
bacco are usually made three and a turpentine have been added to the
half feet apart, though occasionally peck, is blown over the bed, under the
only three feet, the plants being set all covering, with an insect bellows. This
the way from twelve inches on fertile drives many of the smaller insects
or fertilized fields, to eighteen inches from the bed.
on thingler soil. In field crops, corn Cutting.-When the leaves begin to
for instance, the poorer the soil the change color from the dark green
more standing room is given to the hill. to a lighter shade, with faint yellow
Practical farmers adopt the same rule spots appearing on the leaf, the crop
in growing tobacco. is harvested.
'For Sumatra tobacco the rows are Three methods of cultivating are
made four feet apart and the plants followed in Florida. each having its ad-
are set from twelve to sixteen inches herents; sometimes all three methods
in the rows. The customary method herents; sometimes all there methods
of making holes with a dibble to set re employed on the same farm,
plants in is employed; sometimes too, namely; Thie original American meth-
holes are made with a stick about four cutting the plant inr stalkons of two2),
feet long, the holes being made as the cutting the plant in sections of two
hand walks along the row. Generally leaves, the Cuban method; and (3rd),
the earth is firmed about the roots priming the leaves from below as they
with the dibble; the more careful do ril"n. Where the whole plants are
this with the hands. If the field is cut they are take to a grassy spot to
dry. the holes are watered before set- tilted frbut edtly lately are seared at
ting tile plants, and afterwards when the lbutt i"medi'ately and forml seven
neesry the plants, and erwardsbli w hen to tenll plants strung oil a four foot
themselves. Replanting is done as ltad ri1lrhah owgn
on as issn plants are dicovered it suitable rks to tl< barn; where
toaei idan iilt is (tit ilnto sections, tile 5ec-
From time plants are set rows are
gone over in early morning to destroy tins tie ld;rtd tho lav oles
the cut worms until the plants are thel a pe ted alow
large enough not to be injured by primed they are placed in shallow
them. When the plants have become to the stringing hed where they aried
established, the time varying from one tile stringiti shed where they are
to two weeks, depending on the sea- strong onil strings of from thirty to
son, tie vigor of the plants, and the fasty lee to a latl wit a slotwhich arebout
eare with which they have been set, fasteed to aath it a bout
they ar~e hoed and some fresh soil two inches lonig sawed in each end.
thrown to thee with a sweep or cul- Generally these laths, poles or rived
tivator run shallow. After this, the sticks are four feet, two incles long,
tiator run soh wal After this, the but the Cubans use longer poles, fre-
plants are worked as often as neces- ans useoner f
sary to keep the field clean and the quently as long as fourteen feet.
plants thriving. The soil is always After the lathing by either of these
methods, they are placed within the
thrown to the plants, and the rows thods, they are placed within the
hoed between- the plants where nedes- wilting shed or carried to the barn.
sar todestro weeatnderess The tobacco barns of Florida are
sary to destroy weeds and grass.
The cultivation differs from that in the same as those in general use in
the north only in that in the north tle America, with the exception, that on
account of the humid atmosphere of
cultivation ceases wihen tile plants are c lt the huld atmosphere of
Stopped while in Florida it does not. Florida during a large part of the cur-
The cultivation is continued and a ing season, the hlrns are stripped to
sucker crop grown. The practice is to nake tlhemn as tight as possible.
leave a thrify sucker to develop, as Barn Curing.--The sticks of tobacco,
, near to the roots as possible, and as above described, after having been
When the plants are cut these suckers wilted, are hung on the tier poles in
develop with remarkable speed. This the barn. Frequently the tobacco is
sucker crop is mainly a filler crop, but place in the barn directly, the wilt-
it produces a good percentage of ing depending upon the condition of
wrappers also. the weather and the quantity of tobac-
; When the bloom-bud appears the ro i tile barn. as the tobacco must
- plant is topped, tile amount of topping cure slowly, and the primary wilting
; depending upon the strength of the would, in such cases, haste the cur-
f plant, anywhere from nine to fifteen lng too quick.
leaves leing left on Havana, and as During the curing, the humidity of
o much as twenty or more on Sumatra. the air il the barn is kept as nearly
, In fall crops the plants are topped low, uniform as possible, that the leaves
e regardless of the bloom-bud, to hasten shall not dry too quickly. Occasion-
r maturity, because of the danger of ally a psychrometer is used to note the
frost in November or December. Ilumidity; generally this is done by
Insects-Worming.-From the time of noting the condition of the tobacco.
setting the plants to the time of har- The barn is closed during the day 'in
vesting the crop, the field is gone over drying weather and opened at night.
- to combat insect enemies. When the When the atmosphere is very humid
s tobacco worm appears the plants are the reverse is done and wood or char-
- wormed early in the morning, from coal fires built to dry the air and pre-
r two to four times a week, depending vent mold. When wood is used, care
n upon the severity of the invasion of is taken to burn nothing but oak or
r the tobacco fly. : sappy pine. as heart pine imparts an
h For the destruction of the tobacco odor of turpentine. When mold makes
- worm, picking is exclusively, fol- its appearance, the moldy sticks are
1 lowed; for the destruction of the to- given a sun-bath from day to day until
e bacco fly, a solution of a quarter of danger from that source is past.
t a pint of syrup, three quarters of a In from three to to six weeks after
e pint of water and one ounce of cobalt the tobacco is hung in the barn, the
is used. A few drops of this mixture cure is complete. Then, when thie
f are put into the blossoms of the James- tobacco is in case, it is tied in
e town weed, petunia or datura. in the hands and packed in boxes to be sold,
y evening, either upon plants that or subs.lquently fermented. At this
are favorably located or in blooms stage, Cubans do not tie their leaves
e that are conveniently placed in the in hands, but tie it in loose bundles
- field: a board about eight inches alout eight inches in diameter and
I- square with holes bored in it, being pile these in a close romin and cover
n nailed on the end of a stick four or five with clothes. This practice is gaining
r feet long. favor and much of the Florida tobacco
a For the destruction of the bud worm, is thus handled. This practice is
w a mixture of one tablespoonful of paris called "Pilon."
h green to a gallon of corn meal is dust- Pilon.-In Spanish, pilon is defined
>1 ed upon the buds in the morning, while as a heap." As before stated, in har-
e the dew is on, with some kind of a vesting tobacco the Cubans cut the
e duster, usually an extemporized bak- stalks in sections of two leaves, occas-
g ing powder or mustard can, the lid of lonally a section of three leaves of one
.s which is perforated with a small wire grade is cut. These sections are strad-
I, nail. This can be used in the hand died upon poles. These sections vary
e or fastened to the end of a stick about in time of curing. The barn is gone
eighteen inches long. Arseniate of I over occasionally and sections of uni-
form ripeness are placed together.
When the sections are cured they are
taken down and stripped from the
piece of stalk, tied in loose bundles of
about eight inches in diameter, and
piled in a close room and covered with
cloths. About six inches of some loose
material, such as corn fodder, or dried
palmetto leaves is laid down first,
and the bundles piled on this bed.
If, during this pilon, any molded stems
develop, those leaves are withdrawn
and given a sun-bath and placed in a
bundle by themselves and kept sepa-
rate from the bulk to prevent dissem-
ination of mold spores. Molded stems
R5/ RIFLES and
have justly earned their repu-
tation for Accuracy, Durabil-
ity and Penetratleon
THE CRACK SHOT is very
popular among the boys. A
take down, accurate .22 cali-
ber rifle for only $4.00.
Where these rifles are not sold by
dealers, we will send am.e ezprm
prepaid on receipt d price. Sed
tnamp for estalog dmsrbing cmpletb
line and containing valuable ainorm-
ation to bhooters.
TiE J. STEnEIS AMSlt u TML C
P. O. ax CHICOPEE FALLS, UASS.
TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
.gFF Por polishiol, cleaning
or washing orange
and lemons, without
injury. and a slight ex-
D nl~ COCAIE-111ISK1T
B. WOOL. D.,Anntlam, O.
Ar oostook Co.Maif
kt *** PearityGO-rr-eted S
O Hamavrums.a.e ce..d
Splendid stuck of Citrus trees on
rough lemon roots, and also on sour or-
pS ^ w ange and trifollata.
y4 EJnormous collection
I 'and stock of other
V trees, Economic
Sa n nt Bamboos
U Pialms Ferns Conl-
fers and Miacellane.
S.ous ornamentals. 17
M** eS year. Most extensive
collection of plants and trees in the
Lower South. Send for large elegant'
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
do not develop except in cases of fat
stems which sometimes slip in in spite
of the care taken.
The tobacco while in these heaps fer-
ments spontaneously. It is watched
and the fermentation not allowed to
proceed with speed. When the fer-
mentation is too brisk, usually the
case when the tobacco is in too high
case when piled; in such cases the
bundles are scattered about the floor,
or are opened and aired to dry them
some, and then re-piled.
This practice is doubtless an evolu-
tion from Cuban experience. The grow-
ing season in Cuba is long. Some to-
bacco will be barn cured while some
is still being harvested. When the
barn was full, room had to he made
for the still incoming crop, the ripe sec-
tions were talqen down, stripped, tied
In bundles and the bundles heaped. It
has proved a good practice, and has
been honored by having forty days as-
signed to it as the proper time to re-
main in the pilon. Forty days may be
excessive but the Cubans object to be-
tuning tobacco until it has been in
pilon forty days.
Fermentation.--The American, Cu-
ban and Sumatran methods of fermen-
tation are all current in Florida. Those
most in favor are the Cuban betuning
process for Cuban tobacco, and the
'Sumatra method for Sumatra tobacco.
The Sumatra method requires a large
quantity of tobacco and is therefore
frequently not followed for want of
quantity; in such cases the American
method is adopted. The American
method consists in simply packing the
hands in a box, the tips of the leaves
overlapping and the butts kept from
one to two inches from the sides of
the box. In Florida the boxes are usu-
ally made tight to exclude vermin. The
tobacco is pressed in the case and the
the lid nailed down tight. These cases
are placed in a room where the tem-
perature is uniform, and frequently
kept so by artificial heat until ferment-
ed or sold to dealers who ferment it
according as it is Cuban or Sumatra
tobacco, except filler, Sumatra filler,
which is treated the same as Cuban
tobacco, and acquires the flavor of
The Cuban Betuning Process.-The
Cuban betun is made by infusing
scrappy tobacco and tobacco stems,
both of fine quality, that are known
to have been satisfactorily ferment-
ed, and kept free from mold. This
Infusion is nothing less than a tobac-
co yeast, similar to that of dry yeast
cakes used in rural districts to make
bread. As in the making of dry yeast
cakes, the Cuban tobacco retains the
ferment germs, because in curing the
tobacco the Cubans never allow the
temperature to reach a degree high
enough to kill the ferment spores. Cu-
ban tobacco, therefore is a dry tobacco
yeast analagous to the dry bread
yeast of commerce. To this infusion
there is added cider, wine, rum, whis-
On page 8, Farmers' Bulletin No. 60.
Prof. Whitney says, "Frequently other
matters are put into the betuning
liquid, according to the taste of the
operator, to add quality to the leaf.
This is a secret of the Cuban method
and the only part of the process which
they are unwilling to divulge." Here
It Is;-This part of the process con-
sists in adding some flavoring and oth-
er matters to-give bouquet and body
to the smoke. Into the infusion there
Is put some finely grated, cut or
ground tonqua beans, vanilla beans,
digested oil of rose, a decoction of
some aromatic and bland leaves of
some kind, the juice from stewed cher-
ries, prunes, raisins, etc., anything that
Is bland and agreeable and will blend
with tobacco. Aromatic leaves and
substances that impart a bitter taste,
such as orange leaves, should not be
They also put some nitrate of pot-
ash into the betun for burning qual-
ity, the amount depending upon the
natural burn of the tobacco to be
Some of the more inexperienced add
sugar or molasses, but this, until the
sugar has oxydized, injures the burn,
because the sugar has a strong aflin-
ity for water and thus interferes with
The betun is allowed to stand for
a few days to develop the ferment
gprrms. It will froth and emit an odor
of decomposing albumen when it is
The tobacco to be betuned is spread
loosely on a long board or table and
the infusion sprayed on it. The leaves
are turned and sprayed again, the ob-
ject being to give each leaf some of
the betun. This spraying is done with
a sponge, a little practice with which
will soon give one the skill necessary
to give the leaves a fine spray.
For betuning over-ripe, chaffy tobac-
co, a strong ecoction of tobacco juice
is made and, when cool, is mixed with
the betun. This imparts strength to
When the leaves have been sprayed
they are tied in loose bundles about
eight inches in diameter, stood on the
stem end ald allowed to drain for
about half an hour. The bundles are
then stood, stem end down as before,
in bins and covered with clothes,
sacks, or blankets, etc. The spraying
is usually done in the evening and the
tobacco allowed to remain'in the bins
till morning, when it will have drained
and be in excellent case to assort, the
grading having been largely done
when the tobacco was piloned.
After the tobacco is assorted it is
laid in piles, stems all one way, and
if too damp, is left uncovered a part
of the day to dry some; it is then cov-
ered with clothes and left. being ex-
amined several times a day to see
that the temperature does not rise too
quick. When the temperature rises
too quickly the leaves are shaken in
handfuls to cool and dry some. After
several days, the fermentation will
have lost its head, and when dried to
a proper case, the leaves are handled
in from twenty-five to fifty leaves
each, according to size and body.
These hands are piled in bins and cov-
ered.with cloths. They are examined
and shaken occasionally to air and
cool them. Care is constantly given to
see that the fermentation does not pro-
ceed too rapidly, indicated by a ris-
ing temperature in the pile; and to
see that mold does not set in in damn
weather, at which time fires are made
in the barns to dry the air.
When the hands have been in the
bins until the primary fermentation is
on the decline, indicated by a more
constant temperature, the hands are
tied in carrots of four hands each.
These carrots are then placed in their
respective bills until enough of a grade
has accumulated to make a bale,
eighty carrots constituting a bale.
At the time of baling a little of flav-
oring of the same kind used in the be-
tun is put into a carrot, here and there,
or some is scattered between the lay-
ers of the carrots. For example, grat-
ed or finely cut tonqua bean is used
where this has been put into the be-
tun; vanilla where it has been used
In the betuning liquid, etc.
The bales are then stored in what
in Cuba and Florida, are called cool
places; a place not subject to the heat
of the sun, and allowed to mellow for
a year or two, unless sooner sold.
It will be noticed, First: That these
cool places of Florida and Cuba have
a favorable temperature for the devel-
opment of bacteria to complete the
fermentation. Second: That the to-
bacco going into the bale in good case,
the ferment bacteria are supplied with
moisture. Third; That the tobacco is
supplied with air which the bales do
not altogether exclude, air gaining ac-
cess at the ends of the bales. Fourth:
That if the primary fermentation is
incomplete at the time of baling, the
small quantity of tobacco in a bale
does not allow the temperature to rise
high enough to injure it. Fifth; That
the frequent handling the tobacco gets
while moist enables it to appropriate
atmospheric oxygen. Sixth; That the
method of curing tends to make the
product uniform In quality.
The Sumatra Method of Fermenta-
tion.-This method, ,as practiced in
Florida, consists in making large piles
of barn cured tobacco in a warm room.
The piles are covered with cloths to
absorb the condensing moisture. About and will soon be issued by the U. S.
six inches of trashy tobacco that has Department of Agriculture as Bulletin
been fermented is placed on the floor No. 24. Division of Vegetable Physiol-
upon which the tobacco is built, and ogy. and Pathology, entitled, "The Ba-
the piles are enclosed with boards. Isis for tie Improvement of American
Thermometers are placed in the pile Wheats." The bulletin was prepared
at suitable intervals. The tempera- by Mr. Mark Alfred Carleton of that
ture is allowed to rise to 100 degrees IDivision. A limited number will be
F.,when the pile was torn down and a for sale to miscellaneous applicants by
new pile made; the tobacco on the the Superintendent of Documents, Un-
outside of the first pile put into the ion Building, Washington, D. C.
center of the second pile. When all 4 0
the tobacco in the pile has been sub- Wanted, a Name.
ejected to a temperature of 100 degrees, Wise men, those writers of the very
for a time judged sufficient by the latest books on horticulture when they
expert, it is allowed to rise to about avoided with religions care the attempt
107 degrees, when the pile is re-built to establish a nomenclature for the po-
as before, until all the tobacco has melo. Look at your latest publication
been subjected to that temperature. upon fruits, whether it be formal book
the same process is repeated at 115 purporting to give "names and descrip-
degrees, after which it is allowed to tions of all the standard varieties," or
rise to 135, 10). 165. or 180 degrees, merely current information upon va-
as the case may be, depending on the rieties in popular favor, or only the
color and aroma it is desired to give latest bulletin on fruits from some ex-
the product; the higher the tempera- Intriment station, and you will find the
ture is allowed to rise, the darker the poielo alone, devoid of distinguishing
finished leaf. nomenclature. Five years ago the peo-
If the tobacco is in too high case ide of C(Ialifornia first Iegan to take an
some that has been fermented, usually interest in tills fruit. The Florida
filler, or some drier cured leaf is mixed erop had failed and even the trees had
with it to tone it down. perished front tile cold and the stories
(rading.-The grades in vogue in of the fabulous prices the Floridians
Florida are the Cuban and Sumatran had iten receiving spread to this coast.
grades. These grades differ from the The suddenness of the poInelo craze
American grade of wrapper, binder, prevented a quiet, patient research in-
liller, long short, top and bottom to tihe driits of thte different varieties,
leaves customary in the United or, indeed, to discover one variety from
Cuba tobacco is sorted into a num-
ber of wrapper grades; the filler into THE I RE
few grades. Tile Cuban practice of A
making, nominally, twelve grades
which are again supposed to be sub- A E W
divided into tmwlve minor grades in MA E W
followed in Florida. These grades
are marked, la, lb. etc.; 2a, 2b, etc. and Weskt are estmoed to tn ViGor
adltregth at the Hinds of te Great-
The wrappers are assorted into colors, tHealer of Modern Tims.
clara. colorade and maduro; and into Have youanyn oracheorweakl.ne
lengths though the nicety of length AraYem eoyourbSoshowthatitontai -.
followed in sorting Sumatra is not S 'k? panapaar yonerrobe DoyouAe
map and Ctto mndand body Are
followed with Havana. extras dlt are ve yo
amblton? lIts anr
There are a number of grades of fil- unnatural drain npon th
ler. first, second, third and fourth. system? Iser un er
In Florida Sumatra tobacco is di- ont In Ot erWol n:
vided into sixteen grades, numblered Strong, A e, r-
consecutively, tile longest lwrfect 8 J orWe h Sm am
leaves being No. 1, etc. As in the Cu- itnotOnd ahouldnotde.
la.on ay before yeuoo
ba tobacco, the endeavor is to immi- Gnn e oes o to
tate the Sumatra grades. oenbookandwho under.
Sumatra tobacco grown in Florida smn ever" hmofwea
acquires a Havana flavor and can be whomea tpre3 ~atmnS
used for Havana wrappers. There- loheaddlneotaolnmnota simple
fore the Sumatra filler tobacco is be- ForoverS'Aera DLJ.NEWTON
I no ng VaT.aWA beenite lending
tuned the same as Havana tobacco. .=il t t vectiaUto thsecountr i e
Otto C. Butterweck. thato.f ll other specially lbe.i Hfeicro ana
Brooksville, Fla. rts of diseased conditions have been the m of
the medical profession andthe people generHlis. l
t fame has spread into every town and eeryhan
S* Thofeta.iebted rtith 1amannerofdhslssMsvew -1
The Basis for the Improvement of hsservices inorderthatthey might boendewhl
by the adr nlstering of his wonderful ystem oftreat
American Wheat. Wrecs of humanity have com to himor
Sonsultalon and medcnes, who a fewmonth. later
In 1!4 the Division of Vegetable ave returned to h meirou althto
Physiology and Pathology of the U. S. All DiNseas resi hi thwart e
Department of Agriculture began ex- Oared. thoe peculiar to men and fha
lwriments on an extensive scale to test Catarrh. Rheumattem. Kidney Compaints a
the comparative rust resistance of dif- and al ormof linger an chro disorder
ferent varieties of cereals, especially Varleeel0 e a treatment dof aroie and
wheat. This work was carried on for i tw StretSrewithouttbealdoiT
three seasons, and during that time it patnt I treated b s at r om hoe
without pain or low of time from business Thaisi
became apparent that constant rust positivelytheon atreatmentwhichemesWittnouta
operiaton. Dr. Hatanlwaicalls the rvanw a&lets-
resistance is not to be obtained among tln oIf rferr from arele and cre to
the ordinary bread wheats known at pages 7,282s30and Slot hlnewbookwohlohwllle
present, though on an average a few Erw'e tvery cae taken b Dr. Hatha
such varieties are fairly resistant dur- peel Is seaciandeldsrdnto
ing a long period of years. By the re- him are prepared om pume tand
suits obtained it was rendered highly hisown lbratories under his personal
and all n f Iqr a prescriptions or 0i0,a
probable that this quality must be bred s r danr.aotwaaeia hisieornb.
into a variety either by rigid selection -" and"on od ai s tt om ne or y
of the most resistant individuals of 1eems ers nle e of meaSelme aeo
that variety or by crossing with resis- J. NIIWTO HATHAWAY. 1.
tant varieties of other wheat groups iDr. at.hiwraJkC .
and selecting from the resultant prog- 25 Bryan Stroet, savamsh. e.
eny such types as combine in the high- a ro THIS PAPEa WHtN wm ra1s.
est degree the usual qualities of the
bread-wheat group with that of rust BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON.
resistance. Vor use in granaries to kill weevil, to de-
It was also found ill regard to otl- stroy rats and gophers and to keep In
er qualities than rust resistance, it is scs from the seed.etc.
not possible to obtain varieties which 20 CENTS PER POUND,
even approximate perfection. and it is ut up in ten and fifteen pound cans
oiten cents extra for the cans.
rare that many desirable qualities are Ef 0. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonvllh
found in the same variety.
It was, therefore, determined to
study thoroughly wheat varieties them- ( W I
selves in all relations and investigate t iw Q c
all associated problems, such as
drought resistance, early maturity, POBITIONB GUARANTBOD,
yielding power, and other matters of Under 8.000 Oash Dpoet.
great economic interest. A thorough hm M S PM&
survey of the field has been made, and eng- s.. f tSt mats c mL
the results have been brought together i- osn
MMMM_ E_ I -
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Another. As it is now safe to assume
that the cultivation of the pomelo has
become permanent, it is also time to
call for a nomenclature for this inter-
esting citrus fruit.
The writer visited an orchard lately.
that of A. P. Griffith. of Azusa. and
found growing therein five varieties of
pomelo, namely, Leonardi, Aurantium.
Triumph, Douglas Triumph of Florida
seedling, and Walter's Improved, and
there are others in other orchards.
Mr. Griffith shipped the products of
these trees as pomelo or grapefruit.
It is known to the merest typo in horti-
culture that some of these varieties are
worthless. The writer has a tree he
bought for Walter's Improved that
bears the most beautiful fruit ever
seen. A bunch from this tree on ex-
hibit in Los Angeles last spring made
a sensation, until the fruit was sam-
pled when it was found unfit for even
a crank on grapefruit to eat. Now, Mr.
Griffith's complaint is that the trade
does not have this fruit under distinct-
ive variety names, and he asks that a
convention of pomtelo growers be held
at a central meeting of the Farmers'
Institute to discuss the matter of a
life name for the fruit. We are con-
vinced from experience that there are
varieties not worth raising, and if this
is granted, then the local association
where such fruit is presented, should
refuse to send it out under the associa-
tion brand, no matter how beautiful
and large the specimens are. But Ie-
fore this can be done. there must wb
something done to locate the proper
names of the fruit, if such is possible.
Nurserymen, growers, and even the so-
called experts are all mixed up on this
important question and -should find
some quick and effective way of un-
tangling themselves, so the varieties
that seriously damage the reputation of
California as a pomelo producer and
spoil the sale of that which is equal to
the Florida fruit could be weeded out,
to the benefit of all concerned. If there
is any better way of getting at the
proper notion of names than the one
suggested it should be brought for-
ward, for all will admit that the pres-
ent plan of pooling together the good,
bad and indifferent varieties of pomelo
all under a general name, is not very
satisfactory. Growers should not for-
get that everybody Is learning to like
this fruit; It is being manufactured In-
to medicines and tonic drinks, and Is
still popular with the wealthy trade in
the East, and it is worth while not
only to improve the varieties in culti-
vation but learn to name them with
some understanding and to discrimn-
inate between the worthless and the
valuable varieties. We shall perhaps
have some further ideas upon this
question from the grapefruit growers
generally.-Azusa Pono-Tropic, (Cali-
A traveler writing a letter to the
Rock Mountain Druggist, shows a
very fair understanding of the situa-
tion. He says:
"Prior to the freeze of '95, the an-
nual production of oranges amounted
to 16,000,000 cases, and during the
past season the yield was but 300,000
cases. These figures indicate the im-
mense damage done to the orange crop
and to Florida by these freezes. They
are also a stimulant to the husband-
man to again try to recover what was
once enjoyed by the grove owners. The
orange Industry was first undertaken
by people of limited means who were
successful in their operations as long
as the elements were good to them, but
the frost of '94-'95 ruined their groves
and left them without means of sup-
port. Those who recovered from the
crisis of '95 did so only to meet calam-
ity again in 9. And so it has come
about that desolation and disappoint-
ment have driven the pioneers from
the field, but their loss is another's
gain and the time will come when Flor-
ida will again count her wealth in her
orange groves. The reasons are two-
fold. In the first place, orange groves
can be protected against these freezes
at an expense that still allows a good
profit on the amount invested; and
again Florida oranges are superior in
flavor to any grown on the American
continent, and equal to the best grown
on the shores of the Mediterranean.
This last point gives Florida a prestige
that can hardly be overlooked. But
orange growing in Florida can no long-
er be undertaken by a man of small
means with any degree of success. The
future grower will be the man with
tlhosands at his comnlmand where his
predecessor had hundreds. This is the
most regrettable circ(lmn stance that tile
past five years' experience has taught
tie state. However, it may be said
that with this competition eliminated
the inducement will be the greater for
"What is true of the orange industry
with some modification can be said of
the pineapple interests. As a matter
of fact, the Florida pineapple enjoys
a greater degree of superiority over the
like product of other lands than doe.
her orange. Two causes are attributed
to the excellence of Florida fruit, viz:
the soil and climate. In tropical coun.
tries the warm. humid atmosphere and
rich land produce a rapid growth and
vegetation of all kinds is rank andl
lacks the flavor obtained in colder
countries and in places where the soil
is less soluble. It is almost invariably
the rule that all the native fruit of
tropicall localities has a characteristic
tart and ofttilnes disagreeable flavor
that can only be accounted for by its
rank growth, caused by rich soil and
hot weather. In Florida the ideal con-
ditions exist. The soil contains very
little soluble matter and the direct ef-
fect of fertilizers is at once obtained.
Fertilizers can be applied to increase
leaf area. to increase resistance to
frost, to increase tile amount of wood
growth, to increase the size of the fruit
and to some extent to regulate the de-
gree of its sweetness. On rich lands
the results are less satisfactory, for,
although you can add soluble matter
to the soil. you can not take away-any
faster than nature is willing to give it
up-other soluble matter that may be
there to counteract tile effect of what
you add. Then the climate of Florida
is muchl cooler than tie tropics and
fruit there takes its time to ripen and
come to perfection.
"One has the right at the present
time to pronounce the state of Florida
an unfortunate country, but her nis-
fortunes have taught her much. They
have taught her that she must protect
her groves and wineries, that she grows
a product that can not be tequaled in
America and aI product that is ever in
demand, no matter what tile output of
"Those things, above all others. mis-
fortune has taught the state, and thait
she is learning her lesson well the fu-
ture will prove when again she takes
her plact well up in tle procession of
prosperous collnlonwlealths of the
Earliest Bearing Tomato Plants.
E. 1'. Stiles writes in The Truck
Farmer of Texas:
"Plants from out-door sown tomato
seed come to fruitage so much earlier
that many gardeners contend that it
is not worth while to sow them in hot
houses for transplanting."-Ex.
Is this so? I ask the readers for in-
formation. Please give it. It is news
to me, and I have grown tomatoes for
years and years. I thought I was a
good tomato grower, but just think
how much trouble and time I have
thrown away. And not only I, but ev-
erybody who was in competition with
me, because I was almost invariably
the first ion mIrket, so the others nust
also have or they would have always
Iben ahead of me.
This statement may be true. 1 an.
not poking fun at it. The following in-
dicates that there Is truth in it. net
of my neighbors always had his to-
nmato plants started before Christmas.
I used to start mine between January
1st and 15th, according to the season,
yet I think I never failed to be ahead
of this neighbor. I attributed it to
locatiou'and soil. Mine was sandy and
gravelly loam on a hill; his was a clay
loam in a valley.
If any one knows this quotation to be
true, please let us have the particulars.
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
and everything in Grove and Faram Iplements and uBpplles
Poultry Netting 'aMW S"T Columbia Bicycle
CHARTER OAK STOVES.
CLRRARA PAINT IRO PIPE, BOILEMS AND PUMPr
WRITE aOR PRICES.
OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
Premium Offer No 1. Ay oe ending sa new bciber and
$2.00 will receive an open-face, stem-wind
and stem-set watch, guaranteed by the manufacturers for one year. Send your sbscrip-
sion atonce to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonvill, Fla.
THE BEST ANTI-
MAN OR BEAST.
Penetrates quick. Stops
Pain at once.
e RHEUMATISM OR
WILL NOT STAY.
00i Family size.... .... ...... . c
Horse sizes ........... 50 and $1
Sloan's Pinkeye Fever and Distemper Cure.
SAVES YOUR HORSES AND MULES-IS SURE CURE.
For Acclimating Green Horses and all Horse Fevers. Cures Inflam-
mation of Kidney or Bladder.
5Oo and $1 per Bottlo.
SURE COLIC CURE
Stops Pairn Iristartly. No Drertoiirtl.
26 doses and good glass syringe in package $i.oo.
Warranted to cure if taken in time or money refunded.
Sold and guaranteed by all druggists and dealers.
DIR. BARL S. SLOAN,
PormrnrIlr of St. Loth%, Mo.
m MLASS, V. S. A.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 7a
VE TlRIARY DEPARTHErT.
Realizing as we do that many of our read-
era frequently need the advice of a skilled
Veterinary Surgeon, and that they are not
always ia position to secure the services
of such, we have arranged, for the benefit of
our readers, with Dr. W. E. French. of Day-
tona P a a Veterinary Surgeon and Dentist,
who will answer all inquiries relating to the
ailments of domesticated animals, through
the columns of this paper free of charge.
Should any wish advice arquiring an extend-
ed answer by mall they should enclose one
dollar, tor reply which will cover the case
Lead Poisoning or a Costly Experi-
Dr. W. H. Turner, V. S. of Ohio, was
called to a neighboring town to attend
a cow said to be suffering fronl indi-
gestion. On reaching the farm they
found a Iasement stilile contlining
about twenty head of cattle; and
amo11ng thelim a Jersey cow. very elnis-
clated. discharging a watery secretion
quite freely from both nostrils and
eyes. Thermometer gave a telinern-
tue of 103. pulse was 72, and respira-
tions 14. Persistent grating of tlhe
teeth and complete loss of appetite, but
no tympany present. His diagnosis
was that he thought the trouble was
catarrhal influenza, and treated symp-
Next day called again. being notified
that three or four others were sick. On
arrival found a grade heifer dead. Shei
had been taken sick the evening before
and died before morning. Her stall
was next one to the patient of the dlay
before. which was in much the same
condition as when first seen. There
were three others more or less ailing.
presenting symptoms similar to the
Jersey cow, with switching of the
tall. stamping of hind feet and lying
down and getting up: or. in other
words, showing colicky pains, witl
hurried respiration, bluish color of the
gums. and a peculiar smell to the
breath. They were somewhat alarmed.
thinking they had something of a very
serious nature to deal with. and called
Upon making a thorough investiga-
tion of surroundings. etc.. we soon dis-
covered a cause. Alout a week or
more before their visit the owner had
thought to save himself some consid-
erable work, and so had built a Water
trough about four inches deep. and one
'foot wide, which passed through the
mangers of the whole string of cattle.
so that they could be watered without
leaving their stalls. This trough had
Ieen made of unplaned. green planks.
not matched, but simply spiked to-
gether and probably 75 feet or more in
length. Very naturally it leaked, and
in order to stop this. he had used five
pounds of white lead in coating the in-
side at the joints and bottom. You can
imagine how much would adhere to
the saw marks of unplained lumlwer.
He had then watered the cattle from
the trough every day. even too. the
same day lie had painted it.
They soon diagnosed it lead poison-
ing. discontinued the use of the trough.
prescribed magnesia sulphate, sulph-
uric acid and iodide of potassium. On
examining the herd they found elevat-
ed temperature of 102 to 104 in every
one with one exception, so they treat-
ed the whole herd. Three only died.-
Lumpy Jaw in Horses and Cattle.
This disease was formerly known as
ostero-sarcoma. but now has the name.
actinomycosis, as it is caused by a fun-
gus called the actonomycis bovis.
Causes.-As before stated, by a fun-
gus. This fungus is characterized by
club-shaped bodies, which are arrang-
ed in a radiating manner so as to form
a well defined rosette. The fungus has
been found in nature, on various
plants, also upon a variety of grasses,
and in feeding the animal may punc-
ture the skin or the mucous mem-
branes. the fungus is introduced into
the tissues and the disease at once
forms from this inoculation.
Symptoms.-At first a small tumor
or lump is felt on the lower jaw. al-
though it may start in other locations
as well as upon the lower jaw: but in
most eases in cattle it appears on the
lower jaw. It is difficult to produce
it by Inoculation with the discharges
from the swellings or abcesses, but
NICE OLD QUAKER LADY
Cured of Catarrh ah.
MRS. POLLY EVAIS, A LIFELONG FRIEND OP PE .UN-A.
"My wife (Polly J. Evans) says she feels entirely cred of system catarr
of twenty years' standing. She took nearly six bottles of thy excellet medl-
clie, Peruna, as directed, and we feel very thankful to thee for tMy sadness
and advice. She did not ever expect to be so wells she s now. Telve years
ago t cured her of la grippe. I want to tell thee there has been a rat deal of
Peruna used here last winter. Perna does not need praising. It tells for
Itself. We can and do re- oluend It to anyone that Is afflicted with catarrh."
As ever, thy friend, John Evans,
South Wabasl, lad.
The above letter written by a venerable old Quaker, Mr.John Evans, living
at South Wabash, Ind. tells in his quaint language his experience with the
National catarrh remedy, Peruna.
may be, I think, if pie-ces of the dis- thought the only way to cure it was
eased tissues were introdlled beneath to remove the tumor by a surgical o1i
the skin. When the tongue is affected, eration, but times have changed andl
the alili'lml finds it ditticult to eat. the we a:re in lan advancing age. Now to
tongue is swollen painfully. When the get the best results, iodide of potas-
pharynx is affected there is difficulty sunin is given'in doses of from 11/ to
of breathing. I n this section tile tu- 2 drums, once a day. dissolved in wa.
Minor is seen oil the external surface of ter and given is a drench: it will not
the jalw, and 1usutilly begins just Ie- do1 to mix with food. as it must he dis-
neath the skin then as the cailse ad- solved to get tile effect: the dose should
vances. becomes attached to the Ihone. vary somewhat with the size of the al.
which in time is penetrated. causing ilnlal. and with thle effects produced:
it to lHeolnoe thickened a1nd 1o rous. woull not advise giving this drug to
The swelling is first hard, but soon a:ninials well advanced in pregnancy.
softens :111 :an aI-Aess forms. which or to milch cows. or if given to milch
olens on the externial sulrfae of tilh cows. don't use the milk.
jaw, generally: but nImy ;list) form a In the .ouume of eight or ten days
channel to the mouthl. The swelling signs of iodisim should appear. when
inay increase in size till it. reaches six treitlmenlt should lie stopped for three
or eight inches in di:l mter.- Tlis fun- or four days. then taken up again. The
gus may enter through a hollow toot,. signs of iodismi are scurfy skin. weep-
If so. will eginll in the bony tissues at iug from the eyes. running from the
once. nose, loss of appetite, etc.
WVlen tIhe ltuor hlis reached aIn :ad- This treatment may lhe kept up from
vanled stage of developmllent, it pre- lhree. to six weeks. Some animals will
sentsa 1i 1rge raw surflee( of newly show- illprovelnent in tell days. while
formed tissue, which is covered with some will not show it till after six
pus thlit 4iceslls flroll tile Inumllerous weeks treatment has Ieell taken.
channels and keeps dropping from the Sanitary Considerations.-It is wise
diseased parts. to keep animals affected separate, so as
Prognosis.-This diseaIse is usually not to have tile tumors or albesses
chronic and develops slowly but ad- dislchlging over tie pastures, for well
vances until death closes tile scene. It animals to pick up. In this way the
yields readily to prolper treatment in fungus may be eradicated from the
most cases of this disease, and I think pastures to an extent, and this cause
thtee out of four can he cured after removed. It is not wise to use the
tle lum1p1 gets as largeI :s a man's meat of affected animals for food, as
head. it may cause the same disease in the
Treatment.-For a long time it was hunan. W. E. French. V. S.
The Quakers have always been oh a
acterized by their untiring care 1i
relieving the suffering of their own
poor, and are hospitable, sweet-spirited
and gentle people. They universally
wear plain, unobtrusive clothing, not so
much for uniformity, as to escape the
ever-changing fashions in dress.
Their honesty and veracity is well
known. Hence this letter will be read
with interest by all clases.
Could any words be more to the point,
could any evidence be more convi ncng,
than the above persuasive, direct, sin-
cere letter? Systemic catarrh is a con-
dition in which chronic catarrh hasper-
vaded the whole system. Catarrh first
begins by localizing itself in someone
or more organs of the body, bat very
soon it shows a tendency to spread to
other organs. If it is not checked, the
whole system becomes invaded by this
When catarrh has reached this stage,
of course it has gone beyond the reach
of all local remedies.
Nothing but a systemic remedy me
Peruna is the only remedy yetdevised
to meet such cases.
Peruna eradicates *atarrh from the
It does its work quietly, but surely.
It cleanses the mucous membranes of
the whole body.
It produces regular functions.
Peruns restores perfect health in a
Anna P. Nichols, Vie" Grand Baxter
Rebekah Lodge, in a letter from m9
Main street, Kansas City, Mo.says:
My friends rec-
chased a bottle to
try it and have
never been sorry.
"At times my
system became en-
tirely run down, I
could not sleep
well and lost my
appetite. Since I
have used Peruna I
feel like a different
woman and hardly Anna P. NheLs.
know what it is to
be sick. I congratulate you on the
merits of your wonderful medicine and
wish you continued success."
One of Dr. Hartman's free books on
catarrh, sent to any address by The
Peruna Medicine Co., Columbus, Ohio.
E. O. Painter & Co.. Jacksomnille, Fla.
Gentlemen:-In reply to yours of the
18th, will say that the fertilizers re-
ceived from E. 0. Painter & Co., have
been perfectly satisfactory in every re-
T. H. Chambers.
Georgiana, Fla., September 24, 1900.
THE U. 8. LIVE STOCK REMEDY has
proved most efficient in preventing and
curing Hog and Ohicken Cholera and
kindred diseases. It Is also a fne con-
diton powder. Bales are Increasing. If
your dealer don't keep It we will mail
It to you on receipt of price 5c per %
I. Liberal discount to dealers. ISAAC
MORGAN. Agent. Kisslmmee. Fa. 12tf
qicklir asertain our opinion free B
tnventon is probably Capteta. m CoumunleD-
tnsstrletlyeonidentlg a andbo kt PIMs
Patents taken through Mum A Co. re eve
Weeslisel f., without charge, In the
A handsomely ihsttOd weekly, laret dr.
celaton of any etlcunal. T a
year: four months. ILM braS 139dee42.
NUNN & Qc.ssuesa,,y New York
Branch 011ee. M StWai-hiusto. B.
734 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
rBSRTL IyaER DEPARTMENT.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be address to
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.
Fertilizing and Cultivating Orange
In an article in this department by
Prof. Norman olbinson. our former
State chemist. lie discusses effects of
cleln nlture 11 aIn fertilizing o.f the or-
ange. WVe were in hopes the professor
would go a little more into detail, a"n
his experience would Ihave )len of lien.
enit to the Ilnew orange growers. Our
experience has been a great deal like
that of the professor, but we reached
the point where we felt satisfied that
when an orange tree had reached its
bearing size that it wa-s letter for tile
tree, better for the fruit and better
for the owner to let cultivation entire.
ly cease. The great saving in follow-
ing this method is: First, the labor
of keeping the grove clean; second, the
loss of fertilizer that is canted by the
sun burning up tie plant food before it
call be assimilated by the plant; third
the reflection of the sun front the sand
is prevented by growth of grass and
weeds, which keeps tite fruit in a great
measure from showing tilt' effects of
the ruast mite. altliougli it doers not en-
tirely prevent it.
The fertilizer that is taken up
by the weeds and grass is returned
to the soil through the slow process of
decomposition, adding that much need-
ed element-humus. After the first or
second year the supply of humus. tliit
Is returned to the soil in this way. will
more than equal the amount taken up
by the growing plants and weeds, and
in this way the ground will be growing
richer all the time if tle proper amount
of fertilizer is being applied to the or-
ange tree with each succeeding year.
There is another element, however,
which enters in here that is but seldom
thought of or mentioned, and that is
In the decomposition of the weeds, etc.
In not plowing or cultivating you are
giving the orange an opportunity to de-
velop its root power and show for it-
self what it can do in the way of as-
similating plant food and putting on
crops. To grow a lot of roots and then
take a plow and cultivator and cut
them off is certainly a sheer waste of
money in fertilizer and growth and en-
ergy on the part of the tree.
Lime Your Soil.
The farmers of Florida lose every
year many thousands of dollars by
their neglect to apply lime, especially
in those sections of tile state where
there is none in the soil naturally.
Lime is a very inrmprtant consltituent
of all crops. especially grain crops
which constitute the chief foosl of main
and his domestic animals. Without
lime there can be no formation of thie
bony system which sustains tile body.
Lime enters in a greater proportion
than any other mineral. not excepting
potash, into all fruits, vegetables and
grains. It is often the case that an or-
ange grove, after remaining compara-
tively unfruitful for years, has re-
sponded immediately to any applica-
tion of lime. though, of course, potash
and phosphate should also be applied.
Lime will make an astonishing growth
in young fruit trees planted in raw
sod, receiving no other application
whatever. But this will only last a
year or two; a complete fertilizer
should be applied the second year.
Answers to Correspondents.
Editor Fertilizer Department:
Everything seems easy when we
know how, but in this case I do not
know how and come to you for infor-
Ilation. I want to know how to find
out the number of pounds of any giv-
en material it requires to give me a
certain analysis in the fertilizer so that
I can make up my mixtures and figure
out what it contains. S. T.
.s you say. this is an easy matter
wil('en you know how. To get tile num-
br of )poullds of iany fertilizing ele-
mIent required to give a certain per
c-ut. you must first ascertain by tlhe
analysis of the goods how many units
of plan force are contailled ill a ton.
Taking high grade blood and bone, for
instance, which is guaranteed to con-
tain ten per cent. of aninonia, you
would sillply divide 2 NO by 10, which
would give you 1M). Therefore it would
take 2WI pounds of high grade blood
and bone to give you one per cent. of-
aninolnia. If you wanted a fertilizer
to contain four per cent. ammonia you
would therefore have to use 8()
Pounds of high grade blood and bone
o get tllis allount. You call work out
thle balance of your material in exact.
ly tihe same way.
Editor Fertilizer DIeprtment:
I want to know your idea of using
dried bloodl vs. bright cotton seed meal
ais ai anllnloniate, and does blood heat
and cake like meal? D. T. K.
You would have less liability from I
heating from dried blood than from
bright cotton seed meal, owing to the
fact tiat you have only half the quan-
lily to give you tie same amount of
aniionlia. Dried blood contains 16 to
17 per cent. Ammonia and bright cot-
tol seed meal. only 8 1-4. All organic
fertilizer such as blood, blood and bone
andt cotton seed nleal will all heat
when they have become damp or wet
as decomposition then takes place. The
less bulk you have the less heat there
will be produced.
Prescribing for a Sick Orange Grove.
Editor Fertilizer Department:
When I first visited Florida, some-
thing like twenty years ago-nothing
astonished tme more than the universal
interest that was felt on the subject
of orange growing. It was the one
topic of conversation and was so gen-
eral and all-pervading that it monopo-
lized all general "talk" so that even
"tile weather" lad for once to take
a back seat. Wherever any group or
men were conversing together, it was
"dollars to doughnuts" that it was not
politics, but some phase of this' all-
absorbing question that they were dis-
cussing. More remarkable still, was
the variety and conflict of the opinions
that were held and soberly urged. Ev-
ery second man you met, especially if
he was a new-comer. "knew all about
it." and to add to ole's perplexity, his
views were almost certain to lbe in dl-
rect conflict with those of the last manl
you talked with. A humble individ-.
ual like myself. who knew nothing
and professed to know nothing about
it. but simply wanted to learn, was
therefore at a decided disadvantage.
He was in very much the position of
tile traditional donkey, between two
Iiles of hay, one of which was bkd
and both might be. To choose wrong
involved serious consequences, and to
stand still meant starvation.
It was some years after my first vis-
it that I finally moved to the state and
engaged in the business in which ev-
erylody was so profoundly interested.
Since then I have been taking lessons
in that rather expensive school, "the
selool of experience," as a good many
thousands of dollars buried in Florida
sands, or rather, by "Florida freezes"
could testify if I only knew where to
I all not going to trouble tile reader
with "what I don't know about or-
ange growing." It would fill volumes,
but in a humble way, I have studied
the question at pretty short range,
hoe, plow, pruning shears and bud-
ding knife in hand, to say nothing of
years of laboratory work, and there are
certain matters in which my friends
often do me the honor to ask my ad-
One of tile seemingly most puzzling
problems that I am often asked to
solve, is intimately associated with one
of the very questions that I heard
most earnestly discussed when I first
came to Florida, and that is, as to the
wisdom of clean summer culture in
our orange groves.
This question has two sides, anl it
may be well enough to plainly state
them. First, weeds are robbers; they
take nutriment from the soil that
ought to feed the orange tree. Sec-
ond, they take moisture from the soil
in enormous quantities. It has been
found by collpetent observers both in
this country and in Europe that it
takes from three to five hundred tons
of water to produce one ton of dry
vegetable matter. Supposing this to
grow on an acre, this is equal to from
three to four and a half inches of rain-
fall. In a dry summer climate like
tlat of California, these two considera-
tions practically settle the matter and
clean summer culture is imperative. In
Florida the conditions are entirely dif-
Weeds rob the soil of plant food here
as they do everywhere, but our sum.
mers bring "the rainy season." Ordi-
narily there is plenty of moisture for
weeds and trees both. But there is
another matter not always given due
consideration, which in many cases
should Ie paramount. Our Florida
sands, under the influence of the al-
most tropical suns, become excessively
heated. The writer has frequently ob-
served ill May a temperature, an Inch
under the surface, of 140 degrees
Fahrenheit, while a thermometer lying
freely exposed on the naked sand, will
often register twenty degrees more
tall this. Such I heat rapidly oxi-
dizes. burns out tile humus in the soil.
Shaded ground, whether the protection
be grass or trees, or anything else,
never reaches any such temperature,
so that weeds, while an Injury In one
way. probably more than compensate
for it in the protection they afford to
the soil from the destructive action of
tile direct rays of the sun.
I have frequently been requested to
advise in cases where groves have
reached a point where fertilizers seem-
ed to have lost their power. Not long
since, the owner of an extensive grove
brought me some of Its soil for. analy-
sis. He has expended a small fortune
upon this grove and happily has plen-
ty more to spend. But the grove in
spite of elaborate and constant care,
did not do well. It was like a sick man
"had no appetite," and fertilizers seem-
ed almost wasted upon' it.
I made an analysis of the soil of this
grove and found it almost absolutely
destitute of humus, though in other
respects fair orange land. On inquiry,
I learned that for years this grove had
been treated to clean culture, not a
weed was allowed to grow in summer
or at other time, and the result of all
this excessive codding and misapplied
culture, was what might have been
expected. The "humus" was practical-
ly all burned out. I recommended that
the velvet bean should be planted, the
first year with a complete fertilizer,
containing nitrogen, as I doubted
whether under the existing conditions,
the most vigorous nitrogen gatherer
could supply even its wants. I sug-
gested, if a good growth was 'secured
and the crop late in the autumn was
plowed under, that the next fertiliza-
tion might be restricted to liberal ap-
plications of potash and phosphoric
acid, say 250 pounds sulphate of pot-
ash and 400 pounds acid phosphate or
bone black per acre.
I have not yet heard from my "pa-
tient" or my "prescription," but I have
known the same method to work won-
ders in other and similar instances,
and I see no reason to doubt, if faith-
fully followed out, that the results will
be equally good in this.
Systematic Fertilizer Experiments.
Editor Fertilizer Department:
Every state and territory in the
Union has one or more Agricultural
Experimental Stations, and the most
of these stations make fertilizer ex-
periments every year. It seems to be
admitted that the results of any one
year's experiments can not be taken
as conclusive; hut. that the average
results of a number of years work
must be taken for a guide of practical
That an accurate comparison may be
made. these averaged results must all
be made under the same general condi-
tions so far as possible, which means
the same fertilizer combinations each
year on the same soil.
Fertilizer experiments are designed
to show the most profitable propor-
tions of nitrogen, phosphoric acid and
potash to be used as a fertilizer for
any given crop. To determine this,
many combinations of the three ingre-
dients must be made. While several
of the official Experiment Stations car-
ry on a series of such experiments, it
is generally done on such soils, or with
such manipulations, that the unfertiliz-
ed soil gives nearly as good returns as
At Rothamsted. England, and at
Southern Pines. N. C.. a series of ex-
periments are being carried on, which
include almost every possible condition.
These experiments are conducted on a
practical basis, and the results are de-
signed to fit practical conditions, that
the working farmer may be able to ad-
just his fertilizers economically.
The Rothamstead experiments are
too well known to require further no-
tice here, but the Southern Pines Ex-
periment farms are not so old. This
farm was established by the North
Carolina State Horticultural Society,
and is located in North Carolina, about
50 miles southwest from Raleigh, In
the light soil of the long-leaf pine sec-
tion. The plan of experiments is per-
haps broader than that of any other
experiment station, private or official.
Not only are all ordinary vegetables
under examination, but also the more
commonly known fruits.
The farm is in two section--vege-
table, and fruit-each of which.is di-
vided into uniform plots. These plots
receive precisely the same fertilizer
each year, and each variety of fruit or
vegetable is subject to the full plan
of fertilizer experiments.
These fertilizer tests show the re-
sults with minimum, normal and
maximum quantities of nitrogen, phoa-
phoric acid and potash; also, the re-
suits of legume green-manuring, and
lime. Bryan Tyson.
Carthage, N. C.
One Copy Worth a Year's Subscrip
E. O. Painter & Co.. Jacksonville, Fta.
Gentlemen:-I have considered your
state my future home and may get
there yet. The Agriculturist has given
me more pointers than any paper I
have read, even for this and more
northern latitudes. Many an item has
been worth the year's subscription.
W. H. Chaddock.
Rogers, Ark., Sept. 17, 1900.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 7
IbEPARTXENM ON ORNLIAENTAL,
BY W. C. STEELE,
Although this is a cactus number.
we wish to say a few words about Sta-
pellas, which, although not cacti, are
very commonly grown with them. In
fact S. variegata, the most common va-
riety, is often called "Toad Cactus."
They require almost exactly the
same treatment, though probably they
would not stand quite as much drouth.
The blossoms are very curious, showy
and beautiful. There is only one draw-
back, the odor of the flowers is very
similar to that of decaying meat, in
some places they have the name of
The odor is not so strong as to be
specially offensive when grown in the
open air, but in a warm close room
might easily become unendurable.
Those who preserve their papers can
find a very full account of these plants
in the Florida Agriculturist for No-
vember 8, 1899.
Editor Floral Department:
The plant is also known by the
name of Rebutia minuscule, and forms
a new genus of the cactus family, and
is the only species. Prof. K. Schu-
mann of Berlin, named it in honor of
Mons. Rebut, an eminent collector and
student of cacti.
It is supposed to be a native of Ar-
gentine, S. A., and was first exhibited
at the Cactus Society at Lichserfelde,
Germany, by Herr Tischlermeister
Body of plant is bright green, turn-
ing to grayish. Shape is globose, with
flattened top and depressed center.
Plant is not ridged as in other echin-
opsises, but is covered with very low
rounded tubercles, crowned with a
cluster of very short and fine bristle-
like spines, eleven to fifteen in num-
ber. Flower, funnel-form and curbed
about one inch in diameter and the
same in length. Scarlet with a few ol
the outside flower scales crimson
or purplish. Petals about thirteen or
fifteen, stamens, about fifty, anthers
yellow, stigma white, five parted.
Flowers are produced very low dowi
at the base of the plant, just at th
surface of the soil. Tube of the bud
curves upwards, until the flower ex
pands over the top of the plant; they
open for three or four days, expanding
in the sun, and closing at night. Fruil
is a small rose-red berry.
The particular plant that I am de
scribing is about an inch and a half ii
diameter and an inch high abovev
ground), and is a seedling five year
old. Bloomed when three years old
having four flowers and again, whec
five years old with five blooms. Thre
small offsets are growing at the bas
of the plant E. minuscule flowers i
the spring months though the last flow
er on this one opened on July 7th. Th
species is rare in this country and w
are much pleased with our success i
growing it. It is a dainty little gem.
Cereus Flagelliformis-The Bat-ra
Under this title, a writer in Vick
Magazine gives an interesting account
of this cactus. It is all that is claim
ed for it. The hint about taking cui
tings should be remembered:
"I wonder how many readers of th
Magazine have the pleasure of grow
Ing Cereus flagelliformis in the for
of a basket? It is a delight that no on
can appreciate until the trial is mad
Almost everybody loves a hanging
basket, and I think that this fills
want for that purpose that nothing eli
can supply. It combines several good I of the simplest plants there is to han-
qualities as a basket plant, among die successfully. All roots of Echino-
which are its oddity, its freedom and cactus should be cut close to the plant
beauty of bloom, and another, which is before potting. Place coarse sand un-
that it can be neglected with impuni- der and around the plant, water
ty. In fact it thrives much better if thoroughly, and set in the sun. It will
neglected than when fertilized, water- send out new roots and grow as if it
ed. and petted too much. If watered had never been removed from its na-
too much then 'bad luck to ye,' it will tive haunts. All grafting should be
surely rot off. If it is neglected I am done in the early spring. Globular
more sure of keeping my basket. 1 sorts do not graft as successfully as
don't mean by neglect, that it can be the columnar. E. C. chloranthus and
placed on the mantle shelf and left E. C. dasycanthus lend themselves eas-
there year after year without any wa- ily to the experimenter in forming
ter or care. I mean that it will stand mlonstrowities. When the plant is
neglect to a great degree and still growing one mode is to place a heavy
thrive. It has the knack of waiting to weight on the side, pressing it to one
quench its thirst. Of course if kept dry side and causing a coxcomb shape.
too long it will begin to wrinkle up. If When collecting I have found plants
this plant is placed out-doors, where in that shape, caused by stones press-
the night dews can fall on it, it is ing them over. By making incisions
amazing how little water it will need. and inserting stones till the wounds
It enjoys the hot sun. It seems that are healed, queer forms result, no two
no artificial heat does it the good that alike. Often plants of globular varie-
does the hot sun. (Get it used to the ties are found where the original plant
rays of old Sol by degrees, and then has been eaten or cut, and a cluster of
let it be placed, if possible, where it small Cactuses is found growing on the
can have it from sun up till sun down. parent stem. I have an E. C. candl-
Always water after the sun goes down cans of the above description with two
if water is needed at all. I always use small plants growing in the heart of
for it good soil composed of not more the mother plant.
than one-third sand. "When you receive a Cactus, if with-
"The long, flexible and drooping ered. place in lukewarm water for halt
growth of the phllt makes it well an hour. cut the rdots off close to the
adapted for hanging baskets. The plant, and pot In soil two-thirds sand
branches are covered with a network and one-third porous loam. Give good
of very fragile spines, which give the drainage; this is the most important
plant a kind of wooly look. It is very caution. After potting, water well,
easy to propagate from slips. No slips cover the soil with gravel, and set in
should be taken from the plant unless the sun. Keep the soil barely moist
the whole length of the branch is tak- during the growing season, gradually
en where it starts to grow. If it withholding water in the fall to give
should be cut in the middle it never them a period of rest. Do not relegate
heals over. There will always remain them to the cellar to pass the winter.
an ugly black spot on the end. and Cactuses require sunlight in the winter
most likely it will be years before it if you desire flowers in the spring. E.
starts to grow again from that point. C. candicans, E. Wislizenii and most
My plant is seven years old and I of the Echinocacti will winter without
have never seen an insect on it. I protection in a climate where the tem.
think it must be quite free from in- perature does not fall below zero, but
sects of all kinds. To make a good most of the species are indigenous to
hanging basket with this plant It tropical countries and require protec-
should have a dish none too large for tion through the winter."
its roots to do best. Holes must be
provided to let off all the unnecessary Echinocacti.
water. In potting spread out the roots, We clip the following from Park's
as they do not grow downward, but Floral Magazine:
near tile surface. Do not repot often "The various species of Echinocactus
if you want it.to bloom. Mine has are widely distributed, being natives
never been in but two pots in seven of Mexico and parts of South America.
years. The pot it is in now is a small They mnay be found in arid, rocky
gourd ten inches in diameter. It has places where there is very little soil
grown in this one year, and 'I expect for the roots. Exposed to a high tem-
to leave it there as long as the gourd perature in the summer and a much
r lasts. Sometimes I must give it some- lower one in the winter, some endure
Thing to eat if it looks as if it had a frost and snow with so little injury
slight headache, caused by staying in that they might reasonably be termed
the same bed too long. This is done hardy. One of my favorites is the
e by taking some rotted cow manure and Echinocactus horizonthalonius. so
1 put onl water. After letting it stand named on account of the heavy ribbed
- a few hours. I feed my patient with spines that meet and interlace around
the rich nourishing soup, never letting the top of the plant. It seems wonder-
g it get on the stems, just on the ground, ful how the beautiful silvery pink
t In a few days. usually two or three, flowers can escape being torn by the
the yellow look is gone and it is as great, needle-like spines. Who but out
. green and fresh as ever. To make the Creator in His all-wise mercy could
i stems branch. pinch off the eye from have placed the little tuft of soft, silky
e the tip end. In doing this be very care- wool so that it pushes the sharp spines
s ful not to pinch more than skin deep apart and lets the lovely flower come
, or else it will hurt the vine the same out unscathed? E. Whipplei is a com-
a as when cut back. Sometimes as many paratively rare Cactus and not much
e as a dozen new branches will start at seen in collections. It is globular in
e the tip end when pinched back. This shape, with thirteen rils somewhat tu-
n plant rests during winter. therefore bercled. In color the spines are shad-
- must not be watered while resting un- ed from white to brown. The flowers
e less absolutely necessary. In spring are about an inch long and greenish-
e soak up the soil thoroughly and pinch red in color. The fruit is one-half
n back the stems. Expose the plant inch long, green, dry. and contains
gradually to the sun and in a short black seeds. My specimen came from
time it will put forth a great number Western Colorado, and it is quite har-
of new shoots and buds, if old enough. dy. It also grows in the desert re-
The blossoms are a purplish pink and gions of Utah."
Share freely produced. The plants are ,
quite hardy and will stand a frost if Reports Satisfactory Results.
not growing But it is not advisable to
's expose it to frost." E. Painter Co., Jacksonille. Fla.
S* Gentlemen:-During the past three
A Talk About Cacti. or four years we have been using your
e tind fertilizers exclusively for vegetables,
t- We find in ark's Floral Magazine, pineapples and oranges and we are
the following. Some of the experi- very much pleased with the results.
e Inents suggested would be quite inter- Have had the opportunity to recom-
Sesting: mend your fertilizers several times to
m n Ti other growers, and they also report
S"'To be successful in the culture of satisfactory results. Yours very truly,
ke Cactuses it requires self-experience, Clifford Orange Co.
e. even if it costs dear, but the expert- Citra, Fla., Sept 20. 1900.
ig ence of others will help us to avoid *
a their mistakes and profit by their suc- Mrs. Comeback was bemoaning the
se cesses. I find the Cactus family one loss of a beautiful little silk purse,
There is noth-
ing so bad for a
cough as cough-
ing. It tears the
of the throat and
lungs, and the
made attract the
germs of con-
your cough by
using the family
remedy that has
coughs and colds
of every kind for
over sixty years. You
can't afford to be with
loosens the grasp of your
cough. The congestion
of the throat and lungs is
removed; all inflamma-
tion is subdued; and the
cough drops away.
Three sizes: the one
dollar size is the cheap-
est to keep on hand;
the 50c. size for coughs
you have had for some
time; the 25c. size for
an ordinary cold.
SFor 1 yemrs I ad a vw lmad
cough. Thedoetoru and ei ba
ele thought I had a true ca seo
coaum,:n. Then I tried& A"
; Cherry:ectoralanditonly ok a
bottle and a alf to cure me."
F. MARION MILL M
Oct.28, 18. CaadenN.T.
Writhe te doctor. If yo have aW
couplaslt whatever and destre thb
best medical advice wri tsis Dea te
iL J. C. ATERw. Lmn, 3M
which had recently been presented to
her by a friend.
"I tell you. Algernon." she wailed.
piteously, "it was the dearest little
thing I ever saw. A perfect beauty-
a regular little jewel-in short, it was
a poem in itself, and, although it con-
tained only a few stamps"-
"Never mind, ply dear," said Mr.
Comeback in a reassuring tone; "if it
was a poeim and was accompanied by
stamps, it will doubtless be returned
in due. time."-Up-to-Date.
OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varleocele
and stricture without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nevous Disorders, Kid.
ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice Is more than double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
clans, rapidly yield to his treatment.
Write him to-day fully about your case.
He makes no charge for consultation
or advice, either at his office or by
mall. J. Newton Hathaway, M. P. 25
Bryan Street. Savannah. Oa.
Sharple's Cream Separators-Profit.
736 TTHE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
FLOBIDA A RICULTRIIIS.
Entered at the post-office at DeLand, Flor-
id, as second class matter.
E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
One year, single subscription............$2.00
Six months, single subscription....... .. 1.00
Single copy.. .............. .. .. ........ .05
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
e cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, -therwise the publisher will not be re-
son .ble in case of loss. When personal
checks are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper, must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their paper changed MUST give the old as
well as the new address.
WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER .3. 1!Ko.
If you are troubled witil cutworms,
water your plants with a solution of
nitrate of potash (saltpeter) at the
rate of one pound to eight common
buckets full of water, every other day
for a week. It is a good plan to sprin-
kle seed beds with it occasionally.
The intelligent farmer in the flat-
woods, has learned that he can raise
everything that can he grown in the
drier pine lands and some things that
can not be raised in the drier lands.
The essence of the treatment of the
flatwoods lands is the ridging system.
growing everything on a ridge or bed.
With potatoes, strawberries. pens,
beans, etc., plant two rows on each
bed: onions, etc.. four rows: sweet po-
tatoes. one, and that should be a high,
Had we the Japanese habits of econ-
omy ant perseveraane, with our su-
perior climate, we could greatly sur-
pass them In it' alllndance and per-
fection of our fruits and vegetables.
To many fruits lie climate of
Florida is peculiarly adapted, as our
heaviest rainfall is during the growing
season. The average rainfall of 8.11
inches during tle summer months in
Florida is an advantage not to lie de-
spised, relieving us of tile necessity of
enormous Irrigating canals, ditches and
expensive reservoirs. With our sum.
mer showers and cloudiness, modify-
ing the heat, a steady. healthy. vigor.
ous growth of fruit and foliage is pro-
duced, while the sandy soil quickly
swallows the surplus moisture out of
sight and quickly brings it to the sur-
face again by capillary attraction in
the time of drought. Thorough and
frequent harrowing wil make irrigation
forever unnecessary in our sandy soils.
and there is no baking or crusting of
the soil as in Irrigated lands.
Nut Culture in Florida.
The climate of Florida is not among
thel very best for the culture of nuts
with thin iorous shells, such as chest-
nuts and hazelnuts, as the humidity
of tilt atmosphere causes a higher per-
centage of uoldy nuts than in the
arid regions. But with proper care
and the employment of mineral ferti-
lizers. Making .tirlm. rich, sweet nuts,
ilihre is reason to believe that nut cul-
tlure Ilimay I made fairly profitable. It
is certainly a much less uncertain pur-
suit than vegetable growing.
Omitting the cocoanut. which is re-
stricted to a limited area and does not
seem to relluire a very great degree of
science -and skill, at least in its culture,
we will consider those varieties which
are of ore general distribution.
Naturally the pecan occupies the
leading place ill value and importance,
if not at present, at least prosp'ctive-
ly. Enormous quantities of pecans are
now used ill this country, chiefly by the
confeclioners. It is a nut not folundi
anywhel-re else in the world. The finest
tlin-shelled nuts are obtained in Louis-
ialla iandl Florida. though the great
bulk of the crop comes from Texas,
growing wild. They are shipped to
New York by tle carload and there pol-
ished for sale in the stores or
"shucked" by ingenious machines,
which separlte thel stiell from the ker-
nels. keeping the latter entire. The
"inc;ts" sell for :4V to .) cents a pound.
and it is said that one firm alone dis-
Ioses of 1001.n pounds per annual.
l'ecan oil nakes a very good table oil.
and as a lubricant it is used by clock
makers and gunsmiths. It is a fine
illuminiator. the kernel being so rich in
oil tat when touched with St match,
it will burn brightly for a few nmo-
Thousands of trees are planted every
year in the Gulf states, and Florida
growers are far in advance of those
in other states in the quality of their
plantings, setting out a high percent-
age of the choicest varieties. made cer-
tain by bybudding or grafting. A grove of
budded pecans, after eight or ten years
will yield a handsome income even in
our thin Florida sands, if properly
pushed with fertilizer and cultiva-
Chestnuts have not generally done
very well in Florida, but the Japan
chestnut gives considerable promise in
the few instances where it has been
fruited. It bears early in life and fair-
ly good crops of nuts, which, though
not as sweet :s tile American chestnut
which is the sweetest in the world)
are yet irmn-fleshed and nutritious.
Their flavor is muclh improved by boil-
ing. whisc renders tlhem nearly as
good as tihe American nuts, and they
are larger tilan the Americans and
seem to be Ilore profitable in this cli-
lIazelluts, otherwise called filberts,
are not lnuch used il this country, but
in England they are fomud profitable
to grow, notwithstanding the dense
population. It is stated that the single
county of Kent produces 1(00,000 tons
of them per year. It is thought that
They would do well in the damp region
Sof I'uget Sound, and if there, why not
* in Florida?
SThe peanut is not properly a nut,
i but a pea. yet a quart of them con-
- tains as much nourishment as a pound
of the best rumnp steak and at a much
less cost. Every farmer on sandy land
ought to grow some for home use at
least, even if for no other purpose than
for fattening pork and making hay of
It is all easy maI:lter to get a few
pounds of nuts, sprout them and plant
If the nuts have becnlse pretty dry,
pour warmly water. not hot, over them
and let them stand twenty-four hours,
warUilng the water occasionally. To
prevent the ravages of moles, squirrels
and mice. plant the nuts in boxes or in
beds boarded on all sides and at the
Iottom; and to prevent the attacks of
ants. mix fresh hardwood ashes liler-
ally in the soil. Ants are a great pest,
eating out the kernels as soon as the
germ bursts the shell open. Spread
down a layer of earth, then a layer of
nuts, one deep. then earth again, and
0s on up to tile tol. This is called by
nurserymen, stratifying. Fill the box-
es to within two or three inches of the
top and have the earth in them on a
level with tile earth outside. Cover
with slats or a screen wire to exclude
Ioultry. .As soon as the shells are seen
to lie well cracked open in the spring.
plant out where wanted. If the situa-
tion is much exposed to vermin, moles,
etc.. plant the nuts the first year in
nursery rows, where they can be pro-
tWe do not all understand the bene-
fits of such institutes as have recently
been held on the East Coast and which
we hope will be duplicated many
times this winter in other sections of
tile state. What we gain by the stor-
ed-up experience and the recommenda-
tion of good things by these capable
men. and are saved by their rejection
of inferior varieties and vicious pro-
cesses. can never be estimated, but its
aggregate throughout the state will be
very great. We can understand a
mlan's writing better when we know
him and are enabled to see things from
his point of view. The personal con-
tact and acquaintance of men, emi-
nent in their own sections, enable them
to eliminate what is merely local mat-
ter from that of general interest, cor-
rect wrong impressions and smooth in-
tercourse wonderfully. Where a meet-
ing of horticulturists and farmers has
taken place, they are almost always
invited to repeat it, for truly are they
among the guests whom the dwellers
in the cities delight to honor at least as
a collective body. Well do such men
deserve the grateful recognition of
those who are reaping the Ibnefits of
their long-lifed exp erlence.
Separate Homes for Invalids.
Tlhe great caravanlsaries provide for
the tourists and the business travelers,
but sufficient accommodation is not ar-
ranged for the health-seekers. These
should not congregate in the thronged
hotels; the influences there prevailing
are not conducive to health, and in
fact, we believe the time is not far
distant when pronounced ctonsunlptives
will be excluded. Invalids need open
air life, more sunshine, more circula-
tion in the resinous atmosphere of the
piny woods. It is a pity that there
should be either an empty house or an
invalid unable to find a house any-
where in Florida. front November to
May. We believe it would be a profit-
able operation for capitalists to con.
struct hundreds of small, but complete
cottages, to be rented cheaply, in clus-
tears, in the most salubrious locations in
tile state, each cottage having, say, five
or tell acres of unoccupied space
Cut Down Your Expenses.
In a spneeh Iwfore the Georgia Agri-
cultural Society. W. G. Cooper, said:
"I call your attention to the fact that
while the labor cost is reduced, the
workmen are paid higher wages. Their
effort accomplishes so much more that
cantital (an afford to pay them better.
"At the same time skill increases the
demand for labor by improving the
product and making it cheaper. There
are more skilled laborers at work at
the end of each decade.
"On a Sunlter county plantation I
saw many improved methods in opera-
tion and the owner told me that he
went over his corn rows eight times.
whereas by the methods still in gener-
al use It required twenty-two separate
operations costing nearly three times
the effort and expense. In Bartow
county there are wheat farms where
a man hardly touches his foot to the
ground in breaking, planting and har-
vesting his wheat crop.
"The trouble is not what we do not
know about those things, but that we
neglect them. The.significance of this
is shown by the difference between the
cost of making corn by hand and ma-
chine methods. The bureau of labor re-
ports that with the Western plan of
cutting, shocking and shredding the
stalks it takes $14.30 worth of hand
labor to make and harvest forty bush-
els of corn on an acre, and by ma-
chine methods it costs $4.22.
"For the Southern plan of leaving
the stalks in the field, the bureau finds
the labor costs by hand $3.63; by ma-
chine methods $1.51.
"In wheat the making of twenty
bushels on an acre cost $3.71 for hand
labor and seventy-one cents for labor
'The present generation of farmers
has to compete with the world on its
staple products. In other parts of the
world, notably in the Northwest, ma-
chinery is used ons farms on a larger
scale about as effectively as in the fae-
tories. How will the Southern farmer
compete with the world if he does not
keep pace witl its improvement in
methods and machinery?
"How can we do so if we waste mil-
lions of dollars' worth of cornstalks
when the West saves every one? How
can we do so if we buy hay from the
West when better grasss growing all
around us? How can we compete It we
buy butter from sections where they
have to house cattle six months in the
year? The struggle for existence ends
in the survival of the fittest, and these
methods are surely not the best."
Study Your Business Well.
There is no industry that can be fol-
lowed in the United States that will
pay a man better than farming and
stock-raising, if he is intelligent and
wide-awake and makes a study of his
own interests. He must keep up with
tlhe times, and by that I do not mean
tliat hli should lie and cheat because
some of his neighbors do so, but he
must see that his work is done at the
proper time-must push his work and
not let it pusi hlini. or lie will surely
get into a rut or be side-tracked. If
lie wishes to keep up with the times,
it is very essential for him to read one
or more agricultural papers, especially
The Prairie Farmer, as I think it
comes as near being in touch with all
the points of farming as any paper I
know of. and many of the articles
come directly from the hand that holds
the plow handle and stirs the soil.
Soil that is constantly farmed and
the grain hauled off, without returning
anything to the soil in the shape of ma-
nure or commercial fertilizer, will fin.
ally become exhausted so that it will
not germinate black beans, unless we
turn under some leguminous plant
such as cow-peas, clover or some other
plant that will draw the elements of
plant food from the air. I am told that
several pieces of ground in our neigh-
borhood have been in corn for twen-
ty years. Yet the very men who try
to raise corn on the same piece of
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. '16
ground twenty years in succession do
not believe that soil can be exhausted,
and complain of bad seasons and hard
times. They blame the Almighty for
the bad weather and Mr. William Mc-
Kinley for the hard times, and do not
realize that they have taken nearly all
the substance from the soil that pro-
duces plant growth, leaving the soil
dead and cold so that when it rains
the soil packs and the sun causes it to
bake and crack open. Again, I say,
let each farmer make a study of his
own interests.-V. V. Swartzendrubet
in Prairie Farnner.
Horse Collars and How to Pit Them.
There is often something said in the
agricultural journals about horse col-
lars and how to fit them. Teamsters
could reduce the cost of harness, and
their stock be neo worse off. but actual-
ly in better sha!w, by the use of block
harness with no collars at all. Har-
ness shaped differently from such as is
in ordinary use could be made far bet-
ter. even if collars were continued.
The expense and trouble with collars
is enormous. It seems remarkable that
our wooden, or even iron harness, shap-
ed as it is, with flat surfaces and sharp
edges on the bottom could ever be used
even with the best of collars and not
injure the stock. From a commonsense
view of the matter, and my personal
experience and observation, I am con-
vinced that the block hame alone, with
no collar, is the best in the world. I
used a pair of my own manufacture,
other than fitting on the tug irons, on
a mule for six or seven years, and It
never had a sore shoulder one day.
Their use was abandoned because of
the trouble of making them. which,
however, is no greater than making
ox yokes and bows for cattle.
I also used these hames on horses.
and I knew a teamster who took a
pride in good stock, and would never
ride or work "sorry" stock, who never
used a collar on his mules or horses,
plowing or teaming. He teamed for
the government in the late Indian war
in Florida, and during the civil war.
and hauled grain time and again as
far as 150 miles. He ran mail hacks
but never hung a collar on an animal's
neck. simply used the wooden hame.
"Why. I never have sores on my
horses' shoulders." he would say when
a man would ask him what to do for
a bad shoulder. "I never knock a hair
off my horses." Wooden harness is
the coolest thing on a horse in the
world. No matter how hot it is, as
soon as the horses are stopped to cool,
or for any other purpose, their necks
are relieved of the pressure, the har-
ness drops from the shoulders and in
a moment or so the shoulder Is cool
and dry. Work block harness and you
won't have sore shoulders.
Now. this is not hearsay, but facts,
direct from experience. The block has
but one flat surface, and that on the
outer or top side. the balance is oval.
But, even with the collars or pads,
oval shaped harness would certainly
hurt far less than the flat surface.
sharp-edged things now so generally
in use. and would save a mint of mnon-
ey and a world of trouble to the own-
ers and inexpressible pain to poor.
dumb animals. Should any one want
further particulars I can give them.-
S. W. Carson in Louisiana Planter.
The Best results.
E. 0. Painter & oo., Jacksonrille. Fla.
Gentlemen:-We have been well
pleased with all fertilizers purchased
from you and can recommend your
brands to any one wishing the best re-
sults. Very respectfully,
.T. S. Latimer & Son.
Little River. Fla.. Sept. 24, 1900.
Policeman-Here. your honor. ar
the tools I found on the nris'ner--
Jimmy. a center-bit, a dark lantern
an' piece of lead pipe. wrapped ir
paper to look like a bundle of clothes
Prisoner-Your honor. you will noi
let an innocent man be convicted ot
such a flimsy evidence as that. I hope:
The articles he speaks of are nothing
but my bicycle lantern and repair kit
N. Y. World.
Can't you win one of our premiums'
Gave Sintire Satisfaction.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville. Fla.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say.
ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my charge
has given entire satisfaction and you
may confidently look for a continu-
ance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford, Fla., October 5th, 1900.
RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 26 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
WRITE-to J. D. BELL, St. Petersburg, Fla.
for pineapple plants. 41xl
ORAT'NE WRAPS--For tle cheap. Write
1to JULIUS SMITH. Eustis, Fla. 45x50.
M'NNAL PEAS-Selected seed corn.
Sa rn le two cents. W. H. MANN,
Mannville, Fla. 46x52.
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. 'MANN, Mann-
vine, Fla. 10x31-01
FOR SALE ait a bargaln--San small
mules. Good order. Asply to SILAS B.
WRIGHT, DeLand, Fla. 47x50.
ORANGE AND GRAPDFRUIT trees
on sweet, sour and grapefruit stock,
for sale at low prices. A. C. HAYNES
-DeLand, Fla. 47tf
KU-MQUATS WAN TED-Highest cash
paid tor ktmquat fruit (oblong variety)
nt any quarrtty. Ship soon as colored.
JAS. CARNELL, Ormond, Fla. 47x49.
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 271. Orlando, Fla. 34t
CASSAVA SEEID 'FOR SALE--Purchaser
may bid on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. JAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. S1ti
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St Petersburg,
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale,
ORANGE TREES-We have now ready for
delivery, large one and two years buds on
rough lemon. WINTER HAVEN NUR-
FOR SALB-Cheap-lo-acre' orange grove;
good crop; 1% miles from Tampa on oared
road; good residence. Address P. J. LA-
PEBNOTIBRB,. Tampa, Fla. 48x5o
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tf
FOR SALE-S75 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address, P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
ORANGE, POMELO AND LEMON TREES
-on sour or trifoliata stocks, for summer and
fall shipment. Large assortment fine trees.
Write for prices. ;LEN ST. MARY NUR-
SERIES, G. L. Taber, Proprietor, Glen St.
Mary, Fla. 31tf
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett,
Prop. Tampa, Fla., 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
apple, Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so-
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Best quality, Low prices. Address THE
GRIFFIN BROTHERS Company, Jack-
sonville. Fla. 41tf
WANTFD-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons, Plums,
Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cats-"
logue free. Address, THE GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
WANTED CASSAVA The Planters'
Marifacttrring Co., Lake Mary, Fla..
win be glad to correspond with all per-
* sons wish'rg to sell CASSAVA this fall,
ert.her for cash or in Pxchange or CAS-
SAVA FEED. Early arrangenets will
be of value to growers and WE PAY
THE FREIGHT. F. G. PERKINS.
? President. 40x5.
CONSIGN ORANGES TO
PORTER BROS. CO.,
WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.
CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $25o,ooo.oo.
CHICAGO. NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS. ST. PAUL.
PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re-
PORTER BROS. C O F ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER BR '. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
d. EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES should go
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencils, Madet Qoota-
tions, and General Instructions for shipping Florida products supplied from the Jacksonvill office.
1, SPRAY PUMPS.
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank.............. 12 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
Barrel Spray Pump, com-
plete with hose, etc .......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................ 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................... 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
Insecticides: Lime, Sulphate of Cop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur, etc.
Pine and Bangor Orage Boxe
Shaved Birch Hoops.. reh Grea
Mixed Hoops, lamil aad Colored
Orange Wraps, Cement Coated Box
Nails, Pineapple, Besa, Cantaloupe.
Cabbage and other Crates; Tmiate
c* riers, Lettuce Baskets. te.
Imprillal M and Olttators, eto.
atalogue and price sts o appll-
Room 18 Robinson)Bldg.
We have a full supply of
all the best varieties of Or-
OTa== nges, Pomelos, Kumquats,
etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. Can show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.
GLEN ST.MARY NURSERIES,
G. L. TABER, Proprietor,
Olen St. Mary,
TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.
ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
Camphor, Vanilla, Paims, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotoas, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FRUILAND NURRS. P. J. BERCKMANS CO, Aug, G.
,A*.Estalifished 156* CA
738 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
and teeth. For brushing the teeth, a NTSV Have mUG7 ? m
soft brush is best, and should never lie and Don't Know it.
used too long. as it will become foul. ow hom mn OUt
Soft tepid water is all that is necessary FRI a bottle or common glas with you
IM MII for daily washing the teeth, but occa- water and let it stand twenty-four hours; a
R O Y A L sionally more simple cleansing articles sediment or set-
W D tnmay be used, a little powdered charcoal tling indicates an
or salt. Eliza R. Parker. unhealthy cond-
A5Sowu lEw Y E I%= tion of the kid-
Maes the food more deridous ndwheso Dainty Ways of Serving Chicken.n ; i it
Cream of Chicken.-Any remnants of evidence of kid-
ovAL 1M1 POWDER1 CO.. NEW YOn, cooked chicken can he utilized for ney trouble; too
soup. but the smoothest and most dell- frequent desire to
lately flavored creams cole from boil- pass it or pain in
HOUSEHOLD DEPA-BTXENT. the incident serves to show too how ing chicken purposely, and adding salt, the back s also
All communications or enquiries for this de unobservant we can be of thing daily peppercorns, one teaspoonful minced convincing proof that the kidneys and bld-
partment should be addressed to ill our sight, and this is how it came onion. a bay leaf and sprig of parsley derareoutof order.
r I s b about: to the boiling water, and using only hat to Do.
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, The best mnilch cow was to blame the white meat. Cook one tablesDoon- There Le comfort in the knowledge so
Household Dept. Jacksonville. for it. For several days she failed to ful of butter and two of flour together often expressed, that Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-
put in her appearance, so my friend and thoroughly: add one-half teaspoonful Root, the great kidney remedy fulfills every
wish In curing rheumatism, pain In the
Picture Books for Children. her husband decided that some out. of salt, blade of matce, dash of cay- back, kidneys, liver, bladder and every pt
As a rule there is nothing that inter- u'"st go on the proverbial cow hunt. As tnnie and three pints of tilth strained of the urinary passage. It corrects inability
Sse was tiredl of staying at home, shelt chicken stock, and stir constantly until to hold water and scalding pain in passing
s a ild more tan pictures. weom the opportunity of a horse- it boils smooth: addi one cupful each it, or bad effects following use of liquor.
will port' over them by the hour and back ride, so leaving him in charge of of hot milk and finely minced white wineorbeer, and overcomes that unpleasant
imagine all manner of things about the children, early one morning, away chicken meat; bring to boil. remove necessity of being compelled to go oftme
them. They are to him embodiments she rode with anticipations of a hunt. mace, pour into tureen. add one cupful during the day, and to get up many times
of living -beig and hae a i a To protect her face from the sun she of whipped cream, and garnish with during the night. The mild and the extra-
of living- bings and have n l:ugunl. put on a huge o nnet that hung over carrots cut into dice, green peas and ordinary effect of Swamp-Root is soon
all their own, which he interprets to her eyes. and thinking only of the wan- celery tips. realized. It stands the highest for Its won-
suit his own fancy. A card or chromo during cow. site followed the road, or Chicken Fillets With Mushrooms.- derful cures of the most distressing cases.
will never lose its charm, no matter turned through tlhe woods this way and Cut a boiling size chicken into til- If you need a medicine you should have the
Sold o h amilia it that, until she had gone some distance. lets. rub with sifted stale brad-crumbs best. Sold by druggists in50c. and$1. sizes
how old or how familiar t become rche among the battle on the and saute in three talespoonfuls o You may have a sample botte of this
and a picture bookl will keep the busy way for the familiar old Speck, but she butter: nearly cover with boiling wa- wonderful discovery
little brain engaged for hours. k fret- was nowhere to Ie seen, The sun was ter and simmer one and one-half hours; and a book that tells
ful child will often forget his neevish- getting up quite high and warm, but add one level teaspoonful of salt. dashmore about i bth sel
ess and find much pleasure in a book it she wet. At last lby a streatl ill of cayenne, ald grated fellow rinl( of a r bso lately free by l. m
an adjoining county sile thought she half a lemon, and sillner until tender. Co.. Binghamton. N.Y. When writinLmen-
containilg even the commonest pie- saw the cow. so she began to drive her Make smooth brown sauce of one heap- ion readingthisgenerousofferinthispaper.
tures. Indeed, he cares little for merit homleward. She noticed before pro- ing teaspoonful of butter and two ta-
but loves them simply because they feeding far that the cow's tail dragged ldespoonfuls of flour cooked together:
apIeal to his imagination. Inagina- lhn the ground: it was like old Speck add grating of mn'tneg and one cul- er with the chicken, and place In oven
ippal to hs imaination. i a- with that exception, but never in her ful of chicken stock, and when it boils to heat through. Serve on platter, gar-
tion is one of tile strongest faculties life could she remember noticing smooth pour into a stew-pan with nished with yolks of hard-boiled eggs
iand anything that arouses it. is sure Slwek's tail drag, so deciding that she chicken and simmer tell minutes; add put through vegetable press, and with
to le a source of pleasure. was the wrong cow, she left her to one cupful of mushrooms, cut in half. chicken gravy in boat.-Katherine B.
The usual picture book, while it fur- graze at her own sweet will and pur- and heat through; lay chicken neatly Johnson. ill Country Gentlemen.
sued her way. But nothing was famil- on serving-platter, add one slightly- *
nishes much pleasure, does not usually tar to her now. the woods were all blaten egg-yolk to sauce, and 1our The Nut in Cooking.
last tile wear and tear imposed upon it strange and which way to turn she over chicken. Salted Peanuts.-Take the raw nuts
very long. As Christmas is approach- knew not. Finally she came to a Chicken a la Terrapin.-Chop two amd remove the shell and brown inner
ing. it may be interesting to many stream. "O1." she thought. "I am all cupfuls of cold roast chicken and one covering. Melt a tablespoonful of good
h t ke the ks for right now, for across that a little way boiled sweet bread moderately fine; butter in an agateware pan, or pie.
mothers to make tie books for their lives my mother-in-law and I will go cook two tablespoonfuls of butter and plate. The nuts should just cover the
children instead of purchasing them. there and stay awhile with her." So one heaping tablespoonful of flour to- bottom of the plate. Sprinkle with
This will furnish them with a genuine crossing, she continued more hopeful. gether until smooth; add sallt. pepper salt and place in a moderate oven.
source of pleasure and be a book that The house came in sight. but not that and one cupful of cream, and stir until Watch carefully, stirring the nuts
S of her mother-in-law. "Well." she it boils smooth. Pour sauce into from time to time, so that all parts of
can be depended on to last. U se thought. "I will go there and get direc- double boiler. add prepared meats; rub them will come in contact with the
linen or cotton cloth, cut into sheets tions." but the only answers were her the yolks of three hard-boiled eggs to butter and salt. When lightly brown-
large enough to make two leaves of echoes, for the house was vacant. See. a smooth paste, with a little cream, ed and crisped on the outside they are
any desired size. Place these leaves, ing another house, she rode on there; and chop the whites fine. Just before done. The nuts should be prepared as
ne uon and stitch them it was rvcant too. and where she was. serving, stir in the yolks and whites they are needed, as they soon sooll
one upon another. an stitch tem she did not know for se had never of eggs and three tablespoonfuls of and soften if kept on hand.
through tile center. Paste on your been there unless inl her childhood, and sherry, turn into hot dish and garnish Salted Almonds.-Prrepared n the
pictures cut from magazines. pa- sle could not remenler thle places. with fried bread-points. salime way as salted peanuts. the al-
pers or even advertisements. These Finally she came to a third house, and Ieviled Chicken.--eat two table- monds being first blanched by pouring
re often works of art, and will lto her relief a woman came out altl spoonfuls each of butter and stale boiling water over them. when the
are oe wrks o art, a will soon put her oni tie road home. She bread crumbs. add one-fourth tea- brown skills will easily slip off.
make a look that will interest arrived there warm and tired, exactly spoonful each of salt and paprica. Almond and Raisin Cake Filling.-
older people as well as the children, if at noonf. with dinner to lie cooked aln four drops of onion juice. one teaspoonl- Blanch the almonds and chop them
skillfully arranged. Make any kind of to her amazement, vexation and satis- ful minced parsley and one-half cup- fine. Two-thirds of a cupful will be
a coverthat our taste dicte and ftion. discovered the lost cow calm- ful of cream: stir constantly until it needed for a three-layer cake. and the
a cover that your taste dictates, and ly chewing ier end in her own quart. Ioils: add two cupfuls of finely-minc- same quantity of seeded and chopped
make holes through the back edge. at ee.. She gave a good look at her tail. ed cooked chicken and one tablespoon. raisins. Mix together and spread be-
the top. bottom and middle of the book. too. only to find that it was dragging ful of lemon juice; remove from fire, tween tlie layers as soon as they are
Iraw a pretty ribbon through these, the ground as I presume it had done add two hard-boiled eggs put through baked. Ice the cake on the top layer,
ever since old Speck was old enough sieve. stir well. put in shells or small andi while the icing is soft. cover it
lnoo elYo and tie a pretty, but secure to It' called cow. M3. A. B. cups. sprinkle with sifted buttered with almonds, blanched and cut in
knot. You will find that this book will Seffner. Florida. crumbs, and brown slightly ill quick four lengthwise strips. Let the al-
please tlle child quite as if you had * oven. inods stand up at one end a little by
bought it. besides giving you much Care of the Mouth. Chicken Iie, With Oysters.-Joint a pressing the other into the icing.
pleasure ill the making. Editor Householtd Departlirnt: four-lpund chicken., put in stew-pan Walnut Cake Filling.-Follow the
* A clean, healthy mouth is essential with liver. heart ana gizzard. add one above receipt, taking English or black
Getting Lost. to comfort and health. To have such quart of oliling water, and as it begins walnuts in place of the almonds. De-
Ediitr HosMerod I ept rtment: care is necessary. No amount of dis-. to boil skim very carefully: mix two cerate the cake with walnuts cut in
It is not tsuh a hard matter In some infectants, or perfuming will make heaping tablespoonfuls of flour with halves, pressed into the icing.
places to become lIwildered over one's the breath agreeable, if cleanliness Is half a ennful cold water. add one tea- Nut Cake.-Half a cupful of butter,
whereabouts. In Florida the woods not strictly observed. The teeth. If de- spoonful of minced onion, one level tea- three eggs. one cupful of sugar, two
are so much alike that sometimes you cayed, will of course cause the breath slXonful of salt and dash of pepper, cupfuls of flour, two teaspoonfuls of
may drive for miles and see nothing to lbe unpleasant. Every iwrson sliould and stir it into the stew-pan: cover and baking powder, a few drops of vanilla
but 'nitmettoes andt pines unless it is therefore have the teeth examined. and simmer very slowly until tender, add flavoring, and a cupful of chopped nuts
a pond now and then or a stretch treated by a reliable dentist. The condi- two tablespoonfuls of butter. and let of any preferred variety. Add sufi-
of -tmmtoek to 'tary the scene. It la tlon of the stomach is another source stand in the gravy until cold. Make cient milk to make a rather stiff bat-
i little easier than one would suppose of lbad breath, and requires nmdicatl soft baking powder biscuit dough, roll ter. and bake in a moderately hot oven.
to lose one's self. if in riding along you treatment. If the trouble is not seri- half-inch thick. and cut into round or Ice with plain white icing, decorated
ifre unobservant. ous. the use of milk of magnesia will individual cakes; spread half of- them with whole or chopped nuts.-Good
SI would advise our Northern frielns neutralize acidity. The mouth should with soft butter. lay other half on Housekeeping.
ilt least, should they chance to tarry be washed regularly after each meal. top and bake. Mince white meat and *
ill our pine lands to pay a little more or at least when first arising. second joint of chicken very fine. Ankona, Fla., Nov. 18, '99.
attention to surroundings than did a and at night Intfore retiring. An excel- Plump andl- rutile six large oysters and E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksoaville, FU.
certain well-known acquaintance of lent mouth wash is made of tive drops cut in small pieces rejecting hard Gentlemen:-All goods received from
line. This little woman was a Flor- of spirits of camplior. mixed inl a pint muscle; mlix with chicken and moisten you have been satisfactory.
iflian and had lived In Florida all her of hot water, with a tablespoonful of with chicken gravy: pull -akes aImart Yours truly.
life, but she got lost once. dad only powdered liorax. and a teaspoonful of iand spread each half witl butter; cov- E. B. Ankeney.
tree niles from home at that. Stupid myrrh. Let cool, and bottle. Listerine er lhottom half with chicken mixture. *
was she? Oh, no, certainly not, but is also a reliable disinfectant for moith lay-top on. crust side downward; cov- Can't you win one-of our premiums?
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 739
POULTRY AND RARE DEPART-
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla.
More Light on the Belgian Hure
MAr. Root. ill leaningsgs.'" reports a
conversation lie had recently with Rev.
E. T. Abbott. This noted apiculturist
hit the nail so squarely on the head
that I must quote him ill full. Said
"I keep Belgian hares, andt I keep
them for sale: but I wall to say to you
that many extravagant statements are
now being made concerning them that
the facts will not warrant. There are
bound to be many disappointed invest-
ors in this pursuit. It is stated among
other things, that they are almost free
from disease, that they are very clean-
ly. and all that. The truth is, they are
just as subject to disease as any stock;
and if their hutches are not cleaned
daily they will become positively nas-
ty. One chap who called was very
anxious to go into the business: but
when he saw me clean out one of the
hutches one morning, he concluded lie
didn't want any Belgian hares, and I
haven't seen anything of him since. I
tell you. when the selling of fancy
stock at big prices is over. 1und no
more suckers to buy at big prices, the
fad will seek its level, like every other
good business. The growing of hares
is all right. There is money in it if
properly managed. The meat is good.
and the animals are enormously proll.
flei but tile dear public should know
the facts: and one of these facts is
that the hares have a way of getting
sick and dying before anything can be
done. I am willing to indorse every
word of this, but wish to add that an
easy way to keep the hutches, or pens.
clean is by covering the floor six or
eight inches deep with reasonably dry
muck or soil."-Farni and Fireside.
Bell the Surplus Males.
Every rooster not intended especial-
ly for breeding should Ie killed or
sold as soon as large enough. Not over
one good rooster should be kept on
any farm, and that one cooped and
mated with not to exceed ten hens, the
eggs from those hens to be kept ex-
pressly for hatching. The other hens
should be kept especially- for eggs for
market or table use, and no rooster
should be allowed among them. On the
ordinary farms about one-tenth of the
fowls are roosters, which is about
nine times as many as are necessary
-Farm and Fireside.
Lime Water is Valuable.
An exchange, says the Michigan
Poultry Breeder, publishes the follow
ing pertinent article on tie use of lime
water and how to prepare it, and also
the effects it has:
"The value of lime water as a toni(
for chicks can not be overestimated. I
has decided and beneficial results ii
helping the growing chick or adul
fowl in digesting the food. keeping the
digestive organs in health. and pre
venting the clogging lip of the crav
of the chick that is Ibing pushed for
"all it is worth." Food fed by manu
breeders to the young chicks is tot
rich and destroys the digestive or
gans to a certain extent, causing
dropping. diarrhoea and cholera. I
is this "clogging up" of the craw tha
promotes cholera. I am well satisfied
Fowls fed on a "straight" diet..withou
change, are more apt to breed choler
than those given a change. This i
caused by the derangement of the dl
gestive power, it becoming languid an
failing to perform its most important
and proper duty under the soothing ?
influence of corn and water, water ant
corn, etc., etc. I have found by usini
lime water that my chicks never ge
the "dumps" and my fowls hardly eve
breed cholera. It is cheap, and mad
in this manner: Take a piece of lima
the size of a goose egg, put it into
can or vessel, .and one quart of water
let it stand three days. then pour o0
the water very carefully so as not t
get any of the dregs, and you have th
article. Put two tablespoonfuls of the A I
liquid in every quart of water or milk
you give the birds.-Poultry Review.
The Boil for Hens.
The Soil. for n. Poultrymen can double theidrTprofts
A inan that illas had experience in by Caronizing their chicks. op-
IsMlltry farming says that the kind of ration is very simble-the instructions
p r are so full and explicit that any man,
soil most adapted to poultry farming is woman or child, after a careful reading
sanldy soil. Where clay soil is used the will be able to perform the operation.
droppings relaini onL the top and the It is highly successful from every point
of view. The demand for capons far
ground soon Ibecomes sticky and filthy. exceed the supply, the price per pound
On sandy soil tile rain washes the ma- being twice as much as for ordinary
Oil y l tile rl waes the a chicks The object of Caponiuig is to
unre into the ground, and the latter [largely increase the weight of fowl.
buelolns lmre after each rain. This is causing them. in many cases, to grow
great advant -iageWhen oll4 has not 1t kas large as turkeys and weighing from
great dv ge when one has not 10 to 15 pounds, and to make the meat a finer flavor and very juIcy and tender. Again,
tilt tiue to often turn up tile soil.- Capons are worth $1 to $1.50 more than cocks not Caponized. They are much quieter in
This hits Florida all right, the proper instruments Caponizing is a simple lesson, wholly mastered by a few moments!
study. Pully realizing the necessity of having proper instruments we have arranged with
* the reliable mstrument manufacturers, Messrs. George P. Killing & SonPhiladelphia.to
Forcing the Egg Supply. supply us with these instruments. This frm is, we think, the oldest of the kind in the United
states. located in the very heart of the original Caponing district, and having been mak-
It is not such a difficult matter to in Caponizinginstrumentsfor 40 years, they thorough understand the proper oues
make tile hens lay ill summer as ill needed. Messrs. George P. Pillng Son havejust published a ery interesting booken-
., ll I.C titled "Complete Guide for Caponizing," which we are distributing free to those interested
winter. but nevertheless a little care- i poultry. Complete with instructions 3.50. w ill include a year's sbscription to
fill forcing will make every hen lay the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. In velvetlined case as per engraving, 3$.75. We send
just a few more eggs a week. and they the book. "Complete Guide for Caponizing." with every set. Address,
represent the extra profits paid for B. FPAINTrJ. 00C ., iJacksortvlIIe, FIa.
knowledge of the business.
Forcing the hens to lay eggs is sim- Te Pr
ply assisting nature to perform its The Practical WoStern Po ltry farm,
work in the highest degree. We sup- AND SIMPLE MARSHALL, MO.
lly them with the needed elements to BARBED WIRE 4 months on trial 10e. One yr. 25e.
make eggs. All of the so-called tonics FElCE BUILDR. It tells how to make poultry ruling
and stimulants do little or no good un- PICE S.oo. profitable. It Is up to date. 24 page.
less food of the right kind is supplied. Send to day. We sell bet lIuld lie kill
The tonics may increase the appetite V. SCHMELZ, or for power galon. Aluminum leg
and the stimulants may force the sys- SylvanLake, Fla cta: 50 for 0s cta; 100 for a.
temn to more active work. but the gain "Certlficate Am. Inst. Far."
is only temporary, andl in the end a re- JH N TEETH OROUND OYS-
action is more than likely to follow. Market Gardeners o p e Li TER SHELLS.
If the right foods are given the tonics To properly digest its food the fowl
and stimulants may on occasion do Make money by getting their pro- must have grit. What teeth are to the
good. but as a rule a healthy hen needs duce into market early. This is best human being grit Is to the fowl. We
neither. It is only when she is run accomplished by taking advantage can now furnish ground oyster shells,
down and not in good condition that of the stimulating effect of from freshly opened oysters, from
she requires either a tonic or a stimu- NITRATE OF SODA. which all the dust and dirt has been
lant. It forces the most rapid growth and screened, to supply this grit which is
All this being taken for granted, the imparts quality, crispness, tender. lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
work of forcing the egg yield resolves ness, etc. All about it in our tree Goods very inferior to ours and full
itself into careful methods in feeding book "Food for Plants." Ask for a of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
the hens. They must be given food copy. Address, John A. Myers, 12- $1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
that will not go to fat. and if in spite John St., New York. Nitrate for offer it at
of the selection of the food the birds sale by 100 Ib bag, 75e. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
show a tendency to fatten too rapid. E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville,
ly they must be forced to take more E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Fla.
exercise. Keep the laying hens busy Jacksonville, Fla. Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
in scratching a good part of the day, tllizers and dealers in all kinds of Fer-
and they will eat more and lay more. SUGAR LAND FOR SALE. tilizing Materials
Feed them plenty of ground green
bone, pulverized shell, grit and green Orange and Kum Quat
things. All these, including scraps A desirable tract of land, admirably Nursery Stock
* of meat, contain the elements needed adapted to cane or orange culture, 6 Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
by the laying hens. Be more careful arpents front by 44 depth, a portion table. Also a general line of Fruit
in feeding corn. which is sure to pro- of the old Nairn sugar plantation, sit- Trees, Roses, Shrubs, etc. Prices
Seduce more fat than eggs, and the bread, uated on the west bank of the Missis- low. Freight paid.
meal and similar fattening articles. sippi river about 60 miles below New SUMMIT NURSERIES,
After one has fed the birds liberally, Orleans.
t forced them to take plenty of exercise The place is well drained, it being D. L. Pierson Prop.,
Sand attended to their general health cleared 16 arpents deep, and having on Monticelo, Fl.
there is little more that can be done. it about 2000 small orange trees and 8 TA O DT
That is about all the forcing that will arpents plant cane. A comfortable OBACCO DUST.
pay. There are other artificial meth- dwelling house, a large barn and a
Sods. but their utility is rather doubtful number of head of live stock completes If your fowls are troubled with lice
S-Anne C. Webster in American Culti. the equipment of the place, or jiggers, send $1.25 and get o30
e vator. Should one desire to raise cane, a pounds of tobacco dust and srtinkle
Ready market can be had for same, as it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
[Those whlo are so situated that they a railway connects it with two large anteed to be unleashed. FSud 2 cent
Scall not get fresh bones, ground meat, central sugar factories. For terms ap- tamp for sample.-E..O. Painter & Co..
t etc., can secure dried blood which Is ply to. Jacksonville, Fla.
n even better for egg producing than the M5 P RS. J. Y. GILMORE,
t above mentioned articles.-Ed.] Poydras street. New Orleans. FO SALE
* AT A
Used Three Hundred Tons a Year.
SE. Painter o., Jacksonile, Fla. Special Bargain
y Gentlemen:- I have used your ferti
Slizer ever since you began making it KUUW MD mUC ONu EASY TERMS.
and have used from 200 to 300 tons of M ade ir Sk wood o ap els" Several fine bearing orange and
it a year before the freeze of 1894 and S n nu5s-S. ga fu gv t lae w
S1895. Since then have used it right grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
along on orange trees and there are no fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
. better trees in the country than I have ffl J s fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
to show. I also used your goods on F r The first Powell's vestment this year.
canteloupes and tomatoes and I am so PreprepdChemao I e
* well pleased with results that I shall Sav alse for making' Lyle | C .,LV4ow, L.
t plant from 20 to 40 acres of tomatoes Fertls Lye & Co., W, a.
Sand 10 to 20 acres of canteloupes next weresold. Ltsea.-
d spring. That shows you what I think son pres sive I Ia
t mes in 22 Ittas Eli InAa. iS I ite
of your goods. Yours truly, e used them. Let as
) Matt Zeigler. send you a record J
d DeLand, Fla., Sept. 26, 1900. n of the results T TA IAT
g on, .O alo give youprices NO UTGNETS TO LOOSg
t on Muriate and I you use aGoiled SteelSpring Wreleace.
SCan't you win one of our premiums? suiphlie zPoh, Ls. O ever,
br Nitrate Soda and PAGE WOVEN WIlaK FlNCKCO, A3IIAN,,NICE.
e -ertllize other first-class Fer-
q EI C tiliser Materials. oS at
a MW. S. POWELL & CO., rs m d,2
tod JESSE AR.DoIC
e Can't you win one of our premiums? so.S ns. a- r
e~~~~~"193 ou rmim?0 s6mo.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
THE ARMY CHAPLAIN. .
He came up-country one day, when (i
the hot weather was beginning, to take
charge of the souls of some six hun-
dred human beings.
He made a quaint figure as he stood 1
beside the river steamer, in the cruel, I
blinding heat, waiting for the Burman t
coolies to take his baggage up the
sand-bank to the transport cart. The
large white sun-helmet had a ludicrous
effect above the thin, freckled face t
and the short body; the loosely fitting
duck suit seemed only to show up
more clearly the sloping shoulders
and narrow chest. Certainly not a
man to impress one favorably at first
sight; and it did not take the station
long to agree that his social qualifica-
tions were in keeping with his appear-
He was the guest of the regiment on
the night of his arrival, and sat in the
place of honor on the colonel's right.
The colonel heaved an obvious sigh of
relief when we rose, and the guest was
handed over to be entertained by us.
We tried for many nights to make
something of him, for we were a regi-
ment with a reputation for giving a
happy home to strangers within our
gates, and we felt that for once we
were turning out a failure.
He was not a success in the pulpit,
either; his best friends-if he ever had
any-could not have called him a bril-
liant preacher. The sermons he read
certainly must have been his own.
they were so intensely uninteresting.
Tommy Atkins may not have strong
religious inclinations, but he is very
much a human being, and once he is
your friend there are infinite possibill-
ties. On the strength of a polite but
forcible hint the padre made a feeble
attempt to enter into barrack-room
life. The men bore it more or less
patiently for a time, but soon began
to shun him like the plague, or sham
sleep when he caught them in the bun.
The hot weather had been worse
than usual, and had been a sickly sea-
son; and in the middle of it cholera
had come to strain tense nerves to
breaking point. The men, ordinarily,
so easy to deal with, were getting out
of hand, and acts of insubordination
were cropping up daily, which neith-
er kindness nor punishment seemed
able to repress. It eventually culmi-
nated through the padre.
Private Iloxton of C company, had
been brought before the commanding
officer, and punished for disorderly
conduct in church. The following Sun-'
day the padre, with culpable want of
tact. leveled a portion of his sermon at
the offender, who sat there sullen from
punishment. Private Luxton laughed
out loud. There was nothing for it but
further punishment, and Private Lox-
ton went to the already well-filled cells.
On the day of his release, the color-
sergeant went, with troubled counte-
nance to his captain.
"Beg y'r pardon, sir, I don't quite
like the looks of things in the com-
pany. There's Loxton, and Smithers,
and Brown, and one or two more, al-
ways whispering together, and shut-
ting up when I go near. I treat them
as tenderly as I can, sir, but it's no
use: and think there's mischief brew-
Merrall thought for a minute.
"I tell you what, color-sergeant; send
Ioxton round to my bungalow with a
note this evening, and I'll have a quiet.
friendly sort of chat with him. and see
what I can do. Ile used to 1w a decent
But Private Loxton had made his
own arrangements for that evening,
and had set off. with rifle and amnu-
nition, to practice at the range. And
shortly afterward the padre started
for a lonely evening stroll in the jungle.
Before he had gone far he heard the
sound of some one running fast be-
hind him. and turned round, mildly
wondering how any one could find en-
ergy enough to run. Private Dawkins
saluted, gasping and perspiring.
"The color-sergeant saw you, sir, and
sent me to say as Private Loxton 'ave
took 'is rifle for the range, but 'e wasn'tt
and he wondered what she would say
when she heard lie was dead so soon,
and how he died. He wished, with
tlhe first feeling of pride he had ever
known. that she could see him now.
Then his thoughts stopped suddenly,
for he had pushed aside the first
branches of the jungle, and-the muz-
zle of Private Loxton's rifle was point-
ing at his chest. The padre's very
breath stopped, and no stone figure
could be more motionless. Private Lox-
tol opened the proceedings with a foul-
mouthed oath. lie had been drinking
to excess, and his bloodshot eyes had a
wild-beast light in them.
"Pray away, you beggar." he said.
"I've been covering your little body for
ten minutes, and I'm getting tired of
"I was afraid you'd have shot me be-
fore I got here," said the padre, sim-
Private Loxton stared at him.
"What tlte deuce did you come for
then'" liet' said.
The padre saw his opportunity, and
"I'll tell you why I came," he said,
"if you'll give me five minutes more.
I'll swear to you I won't move hand
or foot, and after that I'll stand up
for you to shoot me how you like. Five
minutes isn't much for a man to ask
when he's got to die."
"Done!" said Private Loxton, grimly,
bringing the rifle butt thudding to tlhe
And the padre began to speak. No
one will ever know what lie said in
those five minutes. or what Private
I.oxton said; I don't think they quite
knew themselves. But when. at the
end. the padre held out his hand, Pri-
vate Loxton took it, and gripped it
"You're a first-rate little beggar, af-
ter all." lie said, "and you're a good-
pluckedl "unl too. Curse me if I'll hurt
you. G(et off homee"
He took up the rifle resting against
the tree, and, with the touch. the mad
light, which had partially died out
from his eyes. c:nie into them.
And still the padre stood there. Iis
ear had caught lilte far-off sound of
wheels. anld lie knew that Private
I.oxtols prey was drawing near. Pri-
vate Ixlton heard it. too.
"Will you go." lie cried, his whole
body trembling with rage.
"Not unless you come witl me," said
the padre. quietly.
The muzzle of the rifle touched his
breast. and a quivering finger was oil
the trigger. The sound of wheels was
corning very near.
"I don't want to hurt you." snarled
Private Ioxton. ""Will you go?"
"No," said the padre.
Then he fell at full length Into tlhe
undergrowth. clutching at a singed.
hole in his coat. while the report still
rang in the air, and a thin puff of
Two largest Triminph Watelrmelons gioIwn in IM0n from mly selected seed,
weie grown by W. C. Vann. of Abbe vile. Ala.. weighing 150% pounds
each. Prizes for same. $70o.(#. Large s Triumphl grown in North Carolina in
I!NH). weighed 7S pounds, prize for sa me. $210.lHN. Largest Triumph grown
in South Carolina in 1!00. weighed 101 I/ l pounds. pize for same, $20.00.
Largest Triumph grown in Georgia in 191)i. weighed 1271/, pounds, prize for
same $20.00. Largest Triumph grown in F'la. in 1!0N. weighed I2 Ibs., prize
for same. $20.00. Largest Triumph grown in Mississippi in 1900. weighed
71 pounds, prize for same. $20.00. Largest Triumpnl grown in Louisiana in
1!M10. weighed 76 pounds. prize for sn ne,. I0).0. Largest Triumph grown in
Texas. weight 105%/ pounds, prize for same, $20.00.
Liberal prize offered for largest Triiu '.: in the South in 1901. Liberal
prizes for largest Triumph grown in eachl Southern State in 1901.
Huy the genuine selected seed dir ect from the originator. Each purchas-
er entitled to compete for prizes.
I sell all varieties of watermelon seed. Florida Favorite, Duke Jones, Brad-
ford. Blue Gem. Seminole, Georgia Rattlesnake. Gray Monarch. Dark Icing,
IDixie. Glansier, New Favorite, Jones. Ilank Diamond. Gray National, Boss,
Cole's Early. Mountain Sweet. and others. All Southern Reauty and Rocky-
ford Canteloule seed. (
I make a specialty of Beggarweed Seed and can make you low prices on
both tie rough and cleaned or hulled seed.
Write for Catalogue.
W. M. GIRARDEAU, Monticello, Florida.
6 XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Given as a Premium for One New Subscriber.
Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate. Address,
D FOR SUMMER AND FALL
: PLANTING. ___
THE ORIFFINO BROTHER'S CO.,
S E E JackLsonvlle, Fla.
THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets, Matchless Tomato. Valentine and Refugee Beans. etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE GRIFFINO BROTHER'S CO.,
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jacksonvlle, Fla.
Cantt you earn some of our premiums?
,one to the range, sir. 'E's gone ome- RARDEAU'S TRIUM
here in that bit o' jungle, and 'e said
'' was going to do for some o' the or- 1I
cers, and 'e'd do for you, too. I've THE LARGEST WATERMELON GROWN
:ot to go for the adjutant.
Private Dawkins saluted again, and
was gone. Even in that sweltering IN THE WORLD.
teat a cold sweat broke out on the
adre. He walked off very quickly af-
er Private Dawkins; then he stopped,
hesitated, turned, and walked back
gain very slowly to the spot he start-
ed from; then be stopped again, and
To most men comes, some time, their
opportunity, and he recognized that
his had come. Somewhere in the belt
of jungle, which seemed so much near-
er now, a man was waiting to go to
perdition. body and soul; and not only
that. but he meant to hurry to judg-
ienlt other souls, no better prepared,
perhaps. than his own. The padre
pulled himself together with a little
shiver, and. throwing back his narrow
shoulders, stepped out for the jungle l
as firmly as he could. He had always 1 43 5
been a sensitive. ugly duckling, and
th:it wias sufficient to make his life mis-
erable without the girl at home coming
into it. He remembered with a sense
of shamine. how she had only laughed
at him. and tried to hide her laughter.
l'h:lt :was whlv lie was out in Hulrna.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. m
smoke curled up among the bamboo
The padre opened his eyes, and
vaguely and painfully wondered where
he was. Gradually he began to hear
"We must get his deposition some-
how, doctor. We've nothing like proof
enough against Loxton yet, if he
swears it was anl accident."
Then another voice: "When I got
there, sir, Loxton was kneeling beside
him, crying. lie said he'd shot the oil
ly man who cared a straw for hlil.
And since then lie's been dunllm."
The padre lay still, and thought, in
a feeble sort of way, for what seemed
hours, while the bushed voices spoke
Then lie said, faintly-
"Am I going to die?"
The doctor's voice was very low and
kind, and strove to be very reassuring,
but the padre's brain was clear enough
now to understand that death might
be very near indeed.
"I think I an strong enough to tell
yon all about it," he murmured. And
they took down his disposition. There
was a long silence when he had finish-
ed. and then a whispered conversation.
At last a grave voice said,-
"It's my duty to tell you, sir, that it
things go wrong, the odds are you may
die. Knowing that. will you still
swear it was all accident?"
"Yes." said tile padre, firmly.
And then he fainted.
Private Loxton marched in to the or-
derly-room, a prisoner, with head erect.
and lips colnpressed and the sullen,
scornful look of a man who has done
his worst, and defies everything ald
When the commnianding officer had
finished speaking, Private Loxton
marched out a free man. his head still
erect, but with a curious lump in his
throat, and an unaccustomed mnist be-
fore his eyes. lHe was man enough
to know what a lie, told on his death-
bed, must have meant to the padre,
and he swore a silent oath that the
sacrifice should not be unavailing.
He had a hard part to play in the
days that followed. Day after day he
went to the hospital to ask anxiously
for the news; day by day he came de-
jectedly away, knowing that the
nnqdro'u life a-un hanflttiin nn 2 slPnrlll
andl fungi, or shock it and leave it to
take the weather as it comes. They
waste feed after saving it by feeding
in a wasteful manner. They waste the
fertility of their fields by careless
metholls of cropping, while the home
supply of manure is permitted to
waste by means of sun and rain. They
waste their substance by buying on
credit, for which privilege they pay a
liberal tax ini overcharges, or borrow-
ilng money for which they have to pay
interest as well as principal. They
waste tools and implements by leaving
t henl exposed to weather and then
must further waste valuable time
working with ineffective tools. Waste
is found ill the kitchen and every de-
partment of tie household as well as
in the fields and barns. The success
of German farmers, Chinese farmers
or farmers from any other country is
maildy attributable to their practice ct
a system of farm economy learned
where ecllonmy or starvation were 4l-
ternatives. llere tile alternative is not
so exacting. It is merely economy or
conlmprative poverty. Ill this country
a fariner may live and emerge front
the yvar:'s business without actual loss
:ind at the s:Iale time waste enough to
feed a foreiglier or several horses or
enough to fatten a beef or two or sev-
eral hogs. Itigid economy may not be
A.iiually imperative here, but it is ju-
Stock-Raising Keeps up Fertility.
In ia (new ontntry, where the farnlersl
tIl'ally have small means, it 5selnis iti-
peralive thlat the "raw material" be
sold ill tle markets, but in a few years
tite farmer imay have a nice herd of
cattle. sheep and swine at a very small
outlay by keeping their offspring.
M3osl Illen who sul(ceed ill bu iiness
started in a small way. From one cow
one should rai-se twenty-five cattle il
ren years. F'roin a start with one
sliee lie should save at least sixty in
the sanll time, and from one sow he
call have a herd of sixty in two years;
the proportion is the same, in case he
starts with three or four of each.
Stoe.k-raising pays in all ways much
better haln emxclsive grain-raising. All
thle grain aind fodder (except whleat)
should lt t fed on tile farm to some
kind of well bred or graded stock. It
is seldonml hit that as inucli or more is
thread. Then one day. the padre ash- realized :-s when the grain is sold di-
thread. Then, one day, the padre ask- s.
ed to see him. There was not much t"'ely; Ibsides, the time of hauling to
said at the meeting. Private Loxton inl;rke' is saved and tllte ianure is
threw himself upon his knees and sob- kelt oil flipti. whlichl if properly
bed convulsively into tie bed-clothes, lndled and frlt on tie land will re-
while the padre's thin, weak hand store the fa-i to its natural state of
rested caressingly oil the rough, shall- farmtliers whoaserasto showsae that he
g hand. f tners wio raise stock lhave thie best
But, from that day forth, Private farms. lh'e olly exception is when
Loxton was installed as the padre's they pasture heir hndo clover thus
orderly. No man could have tried hard- stlj'tcling the land to the rays of the
er to make amends for his sin; no wo- sun in warm weather. Oi a farm of
man could have been more tender than eighty acres as nmlcl or more call i
the big, clumsy man. i'li st'd ill lifetin years if forty acres of
And the padre was dragged slowly it is kept to grass than on the whole
back again to life, and, at last, a shad- of it without slock or grass. There are
ow even of his former puny self, was sole twenty elements of fertility in
carried to the river steamer on the md soil and these should bie retained
way to England, and the regiment in their proper relative proportions in
knew him no more. And Private Lox- order to raise good crops. By proper
knew him no more. And Private Lox lotation of rops (following nature's
ton with one year still to serve, re- tlaws) d by ti ng o(lloi natures
mained behind to work out his salva- laws) alnl iby putting back Ott the land
tion. ; s mnluchi as is taken from it, giving it
Later, he left for England, too, a lrolpr ttie for recuperation, which is
Later, he left for England, too, a dent, Iy slt edillg atl keelling stock, tile
time-expired soldier, and, still more-a soil cn be kept up. Many soils, epe-
man. His destination was a quiet sil ly iin the lworn-out farms of the
country vicarage, and ills master, a 'l. l ilarr Te aIr out
quiet country parson, who, next to His .1 stH o tin, fllis thr e alout
wife's love, valued nothing on earth so I"ir.st. by here leing l too uch 10 ois-
much as the devotion of his mnlan-of-all- ture, thus reiarding vegetation and
work. And I think the padre may rest rotting the root fiers; second, by a
assured that though lie was ready to lack of moisture, for there an Iw no
go Into the presence of iris Creator wegtil out moisture, heat and
with a lie upon his lips, his punishment dec: "y; i lird. ly i lack or lunlois ill the
will not be a very heavy one.-HlarI-l s- soil. Th is last is not iself a lle-
worth Magazine. Inlllit of f'ertlityl. 1bt is :Is essential
* to feltilily as nitrogen, potaslh or c(ar-i
Waste in Farming. lon : and is all all-ilportant f:etor in
American farmers are tie most llmaking good crops. In times of exces-
wasteful in the world and American sih- rill it is lan absorlbent, and in
farming the most wasteful business ill times of drought, it gives the mois-
our most wasteful country, says Texas ture to the growing plant, thus keeping
Farm and Ranch. They waste land by it growing, which is necessary for a
keeping many acres unused on which bountiful crop. A stunted h1ill of corn
they waste money by paying taxes', is s llprofitable as a stunted pig.
They waste their crops by leaving a Thus we see that of all tile fertilizers
large portion to die and dry up in the lone is as good as barnyard manure.
fields, or they leave their grain stand- Barnyard manure from a steer that
log until wasted by wind, rain, insects will bring from $50 "to $100 will afford
Satsnma Oranges on Trifollata
RIVERSIDE NURSERIES. to 5 to $1 per 1 T. Peach
tleesat 5 to 8 per 10......
MULBERRIES, PECANS, KUMQUATS, UMBRELLA TREES.
J. A. DANIEL, s GLEN ST. MARY, FLA.
$4.00 for $2.00!!
Seed yon must have to make a garden, and the AcRICULTulnsr you should have to be a
successful gardner. You can get them both at the price o0 one. Send as one new subscriber
and $2 and we will send:-you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of
Beans, Extra Early Red Valen-
tine.. ................. .10
New Stringless Green
Pod .............. ... 10
Dwarf German Black
Burpees Large Bush LI-
ma .............. .... 10
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip...... .. .. .........5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield ............ .5
Early Summer.. ........ .5
Grifltng's Succession .... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.....10
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5
Long Green Turkish.... .5
Egg Plant, Griffing's Improved
Lettuce, Big Boston.. ........
Onions, Red Bermuda .........
Griffing's White Wax....
Peas, Alaska.. ........ ......
Champion of England....
Peppers, Long Cayenne..........
Radishes, Wonderful ........
S Grifing's Early Scar-
let.. .... .. .... .... ..
Earley Scarlet Erfurt....
Turnips, Grilling's Golden Ball.. ..
Pomeranian White Globe
Ruta Bagas. Bloomsdale Swede....
just as good nutriment for the soil,
with a nice profit for the farmer, as
from a scrub that brings no profit.
The man that feeds scrubs always
thinks that grain farming pays best.
When a man tells ie that grain farm-
ing pays best, I am quite certain that
lie is a scrub farmer.-Alex A. Arnold
ill Prairie Farmer.
EX-GOVERNOR OF MISSISSIPPI
TESTIFIES TO THE MERITS OF
Jackson, Miss., May 5, 1900.
Dr. Earl Sloan, Boston, Mass.,
Dear Sir:-Somie months since your
traveling agent, Col. J. L. Collins,
presented to tme a few sample bottles
of your liniment, insisting that I give
it a fair trial when occasion might de-
lanld. Since that time several instan-
ces with tenants on my plantation re-
quiring a remedy of this kind turned
up, and must say with candor it act-
ed like a charm and was perfectly
marvelous in its effects. I am sure that
it is a remedy that fully merits all that
is claimed for it, and I cheerfully re-
commend it to all people suffering with
any complaint requiring antiseptic.
(Signed) Robert Lowry,
Ex-Governor of Mississippi.
Dry Goods by Iail.
In Jacksonville you will find an up-
to-date dry goods store. It is the store
of Cohen Bros., located in the big
Gardner building. This store will mail
to your address, free of charge, any
samples you may desire; and will pre-
pay the expressage, when cash accom-
allies the order, to any part of the
state on any.goods purchased of them
to the amount of $5 or over (excepting
domestics). They guarantee prompt at-
tention, and will refund the money on
all unsatisfactory purchases. Write
Cohen Bros., in Jacksonville, for sam-
ples of anything you wish in dry goods.
TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady, cured of her deafness and
noises in the head by Dr. Nlcholson's
Artifcldal Ear Drums. gave $10P,0 o th
Institute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums my have them
free. Address 1 c. The Nieholson In-
stitute. 780 Eighth Avenue. New York.
Was Well Pleased.
E. 0. Painter d Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used a ton of your
fertilizer on my old seedling trees, and
was well pleased with it.
A. M. O'Quinn.
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.
Corn, Hay, Oats,
And all kinds of Feed Stuff at Pock Bottom Prices.
Oats, 125 pound White Clipped $1.51
Oats, 125 pound Mixed, 1.45
Corn, IIO pound Mixed, 1.22
Bran, pure, in. hundred pound sacks .95
Hay, Number I, 92
All F. O. B. Cars Jacksonville.
Realizing that many people are so located that they have
not access to first class feed stores that keep a fresh stock of
feed stuff on hand we have arranged to fill small orders at but
a small advance over large lots,-large lots at bottom prices.
NO orders filled except where accompanied by the cash. Pri-
ces good for 15 days. If prices go lower you get the benefit.
Florida Grain & Feed Co.,
Lock Box 464, Jacksonville, Fla.
This firm will fill all orders as advertised E.O. Painter & Co.
742 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITH THE JO]E. it on to the nearest office, and I will
write to mother tonight and tell her to
Mistress-Mary, didn't I see you talk- fetch it."
lug to the policeman this morning? e *
Mary-No'om; it was him talking to DEAFNESS CAN NOT BE CURED
me.-N. Y. World. by local applications, as they can not The Great Througn Car Line From Florida.
Hewitt-You are always having a reach the diseased portion of the ear.
laugh at my expense. There is only one way to cure deaf-
laugh at my expense. n n t by constitutIonal CONNECTIONS.
Jewitt-Well, come in and have a ness, and that Is by constitutional CONNECTIONS.
smile at mineo.-Town Topics. remedies. Deafness is caused by an In-
mile at mine. own opcslaamed condition of the mucous lining
Ida-So the Van Biggs had their of the Eustachian Tube. When this THE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, via Charles ot.,
crystal wedding. I suppose everything tue gets named you have a rum- Rich d d ashigto
was glass? bling sound or imperfect hearing, and To The Richmond and Washington.
Maud-Yes, even the diamonds worn when it is entirely closed deafness is THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co
by the host and hostess.-Chicago Re- the result, and unless the inflammation.
cord. can be taken out, hearing will be de- lumbia and Washington.
stroyed forever; nine cases out of ten via All Rail
Mrs. Winks-Why do you hate Dea- are caused by catarrh, which is noth- --
con De Goode so? ing but an inflamed condition of the TTThe Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
Mrs. Minks-He lost patience with a Illucou surfaces. Louisville Nashville via ontgomery.
crying baby in a railroad train. We will give One Hundred Dollars To The The Louisville & Nashvile via Montgomery.
"Most any man will do that." for any ca'se of deafness (caused by The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevi.
"YesH but it was my baby."--N. Y. entarrhl that c-an not be cured by The Mobile & Ohio R. R via Montgomery.
Weekly Hall's Catirrll Cure. Send for ceireu-
Kind Old Man-Why are you crying, F. .1. CIIENEY & CO., Toledo, Via Savannah and ocean teaship o or N
little boy? Sold by druggists. 75 cents. Via av h and Ocean Steamship Co for N
Little Theodore-I only went to Hall's Family Pills are the best. Y T ork, Philadelphia and Boston.
wish my sister many happy returns To The
of her thirtieth birthday, and the His Preference. Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta
mean old thing boxed my ears!-N. Y. Sutherland, Fla., Nov. 25, '99.
World. E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla. via Steamship
Old Lady-An how did you come to Gentlemen:-I don't wish to flatter To KEYT Via P NINSULAR DENTAL
join the Salvation Army, my good any one, but must say that you are KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR OCCIDENTAL
young man? my preference among the many fertlli- AND
8. A. Recruit (frankly)-It was the zer firms with whom I have dealt in STEAflSHIP CO.
only way I could get the public to your town and I hope to give you my HAfVHNAt ST
stand my cornet playing, ma'am! business. Yours truly, NOVA SCOTIA
Puck. . Craver. NOVA SCOTIA, Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
CAPE BRETON &
S STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbur3
"Look here, sir!" exclaimed the PINCE EDWARDS N .
maiden lady, "I want you to take back ISLAND... and Charlotestown.
that parrot you sold me. I find it
swears very badly."
"Well, madam," replied the dealer,t W inter Tourist Ticket
"It's a very young bird; it'll learn to W inter Tourist Tickets
swear more perfectly when it's a bit R
older."- Philadelphia Press. Will be on sale throughout the NORT HERN, EASTERN, WESTERN AND
SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
"Some editor who has Ieen giving during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop-
advice to people on how to live to be over privileges in Florida.
old, says that one of the main rules to ADDRESSS OF PARTIES IN THE NOR'THi sent to the undersigned will
follow is to go away from the table at WW be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
each meal feeling as if you could eat. VERTISING MATTER.
more." The most beautiful thing in
"Well, say, if that's right every fel- F'or information as to rates, sleeping-car services, reservations, etc., write to
low at our boarding house ought to the world is the baby, all F. M. JOLLY, Division Passenger Agent.
live to be a hundred!"-Cleveland -38 West Bay Street. Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
'lain Dealer. dimples and joy. The most W. B. DENHAM. B. W. WRENN,
Gen. Supt. Pass. Traffic Mug'r.
An explorer lately returned from his pitiful thing is that same baby, n. AVANNA. GEORGIA ass. Traic Mngr.
travels was relating his adventures.
"I peered," said he, "into the thicket thin and in pain. And the
and there before me lay a trunkless mother does not kno that a EAN STEAMSHIP CO
"Nonsense," remarked an interfering little fat makes all the differ-
critic, "who ever heard of a trunkless
"My friend," replied the traveler, nce.
quietly, "the body was that of an ele- Dimples and joy have gone,
He then resumed his story.-London and left hollows and fear; the
fat, that was comfort and
In a small provincial theatre a sol-
dier, arriving late, found all the cheap- color and curve-all but pity
er seats occupied. Seeing, however, a
few of the more expensive places va- and love--is gone.
cant, he made towards them.
"Here, where are you going?" called The little one gets no fat
an attendant after him.
"Where am I going?" replied the from her food. There is some-
Tommy, cheerfully. "Where a good thing wrong;it is either her food "SAVANN H LINE"
soldier should go--to the front or h "SAVANNAH -LINE"
course." or food-mill. She has had no
And he went amid the laughter of
the audience. lat for weeks; is living on what LA N
A young Irishman recently applied 'he had stored in that plump
at a London postoffice to know the
cost of sending a telegram to his moth little body of hers; and that iS FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
er, who lived in a remote part of Ire- gone. She is starving for fat;
land; and upon being informed the fee ROM .. FR
would be four shillings and six pence, it is death, be quick !
amedt? I can't afford all that." Scott's Emulsion of Cod FLORIDA TO NEW YORK.
The clerk then explained that the Liver Oil is the fat she can BOSTON AND '" EAST.
message would cost one shilling and six
pence to the nearest office to the ad- take; it will save her.
dress given, and that the remaining Thc genuine has this pictureon R
three shillings would be charged for it, tke no t there. .SHORT RAIL DE TOSAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
SIf ou lhave not tried it, s~end
S delivery by special messenger, as the ffor hree sample, its agreeable Thence via Palatial Epress Steamships, sailings irom Savannah, Four Ships each week
address was beyond the radius of free taste will surprise you. to New York nhd making close connection with New York-Boston ships or Sound Lins.
delivery. After some moments of con- SCOTT & BOWNE. All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write
Pat said-0 Chemists, for general info, ration. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
sideraion, Pat sai t oe 409 Pearl St., N. Y. Y, MwINTON. Trame gr., WATIER HAWVIsINS, Gem. Agt.,
"Look here, I've only got one shilling 5, and S1. Bah, Ga. Bay ., Jkso.e, P
and six pence, so you had better send all druggists, BvAuab, Gl. 24 W. Bay St., Jacksville Pla
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 743
The bean growers are all wishing for
rain, but the weather is most provok-
ingly hot and dry, which has been a
blessing to the pineapple growers, and
they have about finished killing tilh
weeds, which threatened to take pos-
session of their fields.-Eden Ieins in
The reporter was informed recently
that A. E. Emerson, of Tacoma, gath-
ered from a pecan tree at Micanony,
some $30 in nuts one day recently. It is
an established fact that when a man
does begin to realize from pecans, he
usually reaps a harvest, though it takes
a number of years to cultivate them.-
The Southern States Lumber Co.,
which, less than a year ago, establish.
ed a cattle ranch at Muscogee, Fla., is
satisfied with its experiment. If, at
the end of the year, it is found that the
business can be conducted as a paying
one, the ranch, which already includes
18,000 acres, will be enlarged.-South.
ern Farm Magazine.
E. W. Wilkin's broom factory at
Okahumpka is running on full time and
is making a finer broom than has ever
been on the local market. The ladies
are pleased because they can go to the
factory, and order a heavy or light
broom made just as they want it. Sev-
eral farmers will try a few acres next
year by way of experiment, to keep the
Henry M. Flagler has erected a rock
crusher'at Miami with a capacity of a
car an hour. He will ballast the entire
road bed of the Florida East Coast Ry.,
commencing at Jacksonville. The work
of moving the crushed rock to its posi-
tion on the road will require three
special trains, working about two
years, to complete the work. This
will give additional labor to at least 100
laborers steadily for two years.-Ex.
When David Lockhart returned from
the recent Georgia State fair he
brought with him something fine in tihe
way of a herd of cattle. Among the
bunch are Red Devons, Shorthorn Dur-
hams and Herefords. They are all reg-
istered thoroughbreds, and are the fin.
est ever brought to this section. The
males will be used for the improve-
ment of the native stock, and will, we
think, be of great benefit to stock rais-
ers here.-Orlando Sentinel-Reporter.
The week has been warm. Too warm
to keep down sap and growth in the
orange trees, which is a thing to be de-
sired at this season of the year. But
the dry -weather that has prevailed for
several weeks, to the dissatisfaction of
the growers of truck for market, will
tend to keep down the sap in the trees
till cooler weather comes and the fine
condition of the trees for winter weath-
er will be preserved as at present. Dry
weather may not be good for truck
farms now, but it is good for the trees
in the orange groves, and is not an un.
mixed evil. Let us be content with the
season as we find it.--Leesburg Com.
To a Tribune reporter yesterday Col.
Knight said that he had never known
a little town to take on such a- phe-
nomenal growth and enjoy such gen-
uine prosperity as the flourishing little
city of Fort Myers. Elegant new
houses are being erected, commensur-
ate with the financial ability of the hos-
pitable citizens and the orange crop is
exceptionally good. Everybody seems
to be happy and prosperous and the
whole country for miles around looked
as though it was enjoying an era of
prosperity never before experienced.
The cattle dealers report good sales
for their stock, the truckers have real-
Ized handsome returns for their pro-
duce and the orange growers are ger-
ting fabulous prices for their crop ol
golden nuggets. The merchants art
all wearing broad smiles and doing th(
largest business in the history of theii
commercial career. Col. Knight seem
ed particularly pleased to note the gen
eral prosperity of the people of Let
county, as at one time ht was a citizen
of that portion of the moral vineyard
and was its first representative to the
legislature.-Tampa Morning Tribune
A carload of carp and otlinr fish
passed through Tuesday itld are being
distributed at the expense of the gov-
ernment at different po;nt. Illrough
tile county. From their size and l.Ioks
we think they would make good bait
to catch the fine trout that are so
abundant in our lakes, and if they had
stayed over night here we would have
gone trout fishing next 'lay.-Tavares
Item in Leesburg Commercial. This
must be a mistake, as Mr. Detwiler,
our fish commissioner knows nothing
Mr. Geo. H. Fernald of this city, res
ceived notice the first of the week
that tile contract to put in the mi-
mIense heating plant in the hospital of
the Plant Railway System at Way-
cross. Georgia, had been awarded him
over a large number of competitors.
The job is a big one, the hospital at
Waycross being one of the largest-
plrobably tile largest. in fae--on the
entire PIhlant System. and the cost goes
way up in the tlousands.-Sainford
There is a Sanitarium in Belleview,
Fla., whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mail. Ad-
Is in Love.
Seffner, Fla., Oct. 16, '99.
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen :-Our trees are doing
well. I find Mr. W. S. O'Brien, of Seff-
ner. is very much in love with Simon
Pure. Yours truly,
H. H. Harvey.
To raise good fruit
you must have Potash.
at least 8 to I0% of
Potash will give best
results on fruits of all
Write for our pamphlets which should
I.c in every farmer's library.
They are sent free.
GERMAN KALI WORKS,
93 Nassau St., New York.
Budded and Grafted
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH.
West Palm Beach, Fla.
ITS FOR 81 I will send you a
prescription or formula.
Your druggist ca compound it. I he
medicine will cure epileptic fits and
nervous diseases. I will also send diet
list. C. D. KNAPP, Avon Park, Fla.
We would like to secure an
agent in every town and ham-
let in Florida. Write at once.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
S IFFACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELL
"MmwRpral," */L-eader," P. Repeater"
4 lsistupon having them, take no others and you will get the bet shells that money can buy.
4 ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
.-------------- -- v ----- --- ----
Florida Ea.t Coast Ry.
SOUTH BOUND (Bead Down.) In Mest Sept. 100. (Bead Up) NORTH BOUND.
So.ll No.3 No.o..l No.78 No.3 No.12
Dlly y Dai ly No. S. STATIONS. No. 7S. Daily Daly Da
40 exfu Si ert
... 0 lu0Of Lv........ Jackvile .........Ar 10 ...
..... 6 1ip U10 Ar ....... .Auutine .......Lv OSO 90 .....
S ...... 6 pI aA ....... t. u ....... p a .....
S... 67p 11 .......... U t ..........LV BOp ...... .S}0
S..... 1aPi2p Mp ........Mt Pat........ S p .. ... 0.,
i .. p 1l Spl Ar .......... Pat ........... r L ~ p Ti8 ...- .
S ...... 8 ll Lv.......... t ...... .... 8 ......
SF ...... .... ... ... ..... ... Plau r. .......... O ..... .....
.S 3.. ..... ..T........T Aso lo .........A." 7 ...... .. ..
.. .L. .......... Sn tet ......... .Ar L p i G..
. Lv .......... ..rPalmt ......... Ar 5 2SUyp 8O ...... .. C1
-----..~"n~t:::: 880 "O --*--- *----- --- -
.. 1 B ...... ...........Orl ...... d p ...... ..1
m a 3....... ..I .......... It$1 ............. I ...... .
...... ........ Pi ......... .....
5. .......... l ........ .. N ow ........... SOP ...... ...... so c
... ... ......eb..... .......... 10 ........
ia ....... a 42p .......... Tmti u e .......... 10 ) ...........
o w 6 -. 30P .. ........ .""...... .. .... .... I2UP ...... ......
S8..... ...... .......... Oncme, ........... 12 7V ...... ...... P .
..... ...... 8 p .......... L ...... ....... . 410 .... ...... C
Fi 0 4.. . .......... lop ...... ...... t 59
P4 0 ........... C pp ...... r i. ......... ............ ...... .
S ^ 8...... 4 .............. Bea ........... 1 0 ..... .....
..... ............o ay :an d.......... . ... ..... ...
5 R ..........Sebastiuan .. ........" 1002 s ...... ...... B
*** ...... p ...... to .B* ...... . ........... ..
.................. ............ .
W 0 4 ...... ...... 827p .......... n t P i.erc......... 1 2a ...... ......
4 ...... ...... .l ......... .. 10 7. ......Os ee.. ..... ... "
PL 0 ...... ...... So.......... un. .........L. 7 014 ...... .....
.... J... ...l.. u -d Mat ..t,.
Srom then eDarly Datly[ STATIONS. "ims I tate ] Di nt r
oly ronly e O9aplx 8ho I"" a ex ul onlyo i
S2... WetFJ lBeach .... ..... a -
76p H35p Th. .s .................blo BAe. ......... ... ......
7am 3e .eo T ...... .. .... AiFpo rtriale .... ... I.. .. 64 00 .....
Botrw- Now Smayr rmd Onuaf Bot'wm Ttu ao d -l mefrd.
yo.1.l 8 TATPIOH8. |No. "BLT........... Tnttuluo ..........Ar 1B
8 p Lv ......... ew .myrn. ........ pt.-p 7Ar1t ............ imr............. L 112p
8 ......... Hela........ .. p Ma "i ............. Ot as ........... 1157
Al trains between New mByruf af d OPrane All trains be85tw itUle and adanord
nCity Jection daily eapt Mnairy. daily Doept unday.
These Time fblee show the mes a*t whih trains may be exoeotedt oarte ad depart
from the mevral statiom but their arrival or depart-u at the times stated is not guaran-
ted, nor does the ompay hold itaU raponable for any delay or ay oaqeea a50
Peninsular and Occidental S. 5. Co.
I Oort 6064O1 AT u IAM.
- HAVANA LINE. -
Lave Mmi Tauesd~N .............. p. m. rrl.e Key Wt Wednavilledy......11.00 a. m.
Lave Key Weat WednadayNa. ....... a0 p.m. rrive Haa Thursdays .......... 6.00a. m.
Leave Haana Thurday...........10.0 m. rrie Key West Thrsdays........ 80 p. m.
Lve Key West Thnrdays ......... 0 p.m. A.rive Miai 5rsays ................ m.
KEY WEST LINE. = -
4pve M Orid e Cys ity... .............OO m. Arrive Key W.ea Sturdays.......... 1.0 ii m.
Lape Key West Orangedy......t..... 1.5pm. Lop 1 Mhiami .aonys .............. a. m.
Cityngers or Hanaily ex ve BSunday al l.. y p.daily m riaintn K West SSunday t
11 a. m. and remain in ey West until 900 m.ndarrival or departure at t h at titimesme leave
Leavthe tey Wsi "Olvetted arriys. Arriv e Havana Thursdays morning.
on the steamship "Olivette." arrivingt Havana Monday morning.
For copy of local time card address any Agent.
MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.
SlOO OaW > m er Servrlee.
To make close .-onnec-
Florida 5 tionswith steam -leave
Nevw York Jacksonville (Uni. de-
pot) Thursdays 8:15 L m.
delphia berland steamer; mls
Selpnia en route, or "all rail" via
Plant System at 2:00 p. m..
0oston ar. Brunswick 6:00 p. n.
Sassengers on arrival go-
From Brunswick direct to drectlyaboard steam
New York. er.
PROPOSED SAILINGS for Nov.. 1900.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK. GA. DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERk
FRIDAY 1 S FOLLOWS:
........ .. .. .. .. Nov. 16.S. S. RIO RANDE....... ....
S. S. COLORADO.... .. ........ .. .... .. .. .... Nov. 23.
S. S. RIO GRANDE .......... .. .... ...... .. .... ....Nov. 30
S. S. COLORADO .. ................. ...... .. ....... Dec. 7.
S. 8. RIO GRANDE. ................ ... .... .... ........Dec. 14.
For owest rates, reseratlom and fll information apply to
BASIL GILL, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
H. H. Raymolnd. Amet, r n- F dse rna i -
C. H. MALLORY & CO., General Agents, Pier 21, E. R., New York.
('" THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Simon Pure Fertilizers
4 Time-Trie4 and Crop-Tested! 4
Manufacture specially to suit all the requirements of the
GROVE, GAR DEN AND FIELD.
If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen-
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to con
tain all their fertilizing and insecticide
WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
= = Jacksonville, Fla.
Grew So Heavy.
B. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertili-
zer bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some
others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.
Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee. Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.
Beyond My Expectation.
S. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. T. Pinery, the re-
sult was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order morm fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
A. M. Temple
Osteen, Fla.. Sept. 27. 1900.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure In say-
ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanfor.i, Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
r.. I. Painter & Co., Jacksonrille, Fla.
Gentlemen:-Please inclose me an.
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, II. R. St)eed.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"E A T,'" BR A NDS --
.^ir --AV E THESE. B""W
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following piic e
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE................. $3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops).......... $27.00 pe tn
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH ..... $28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE ............... $3o.oo per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE AND POTASH.................$28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... .$3o.oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER .................... $2o. per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask -for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .IZRR COMPANY,
Woolt Bsad blood n BonM $18.00 per ta. Damavaluad Guamo. The Ideal Tobaco Fertiller, 44.00 per to.