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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Vol. XXVII, No. 48. Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Nov. 28, 190. Whole No. 1400
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I have read with a great deal of in-
terest the articles which have appear-
ed recently in your highly esteemed
paper on the subject of pecan growing
and camphor culture. I notice many
are now talking about grafting necan
trees, the principal claim being that
they bear younger than seedlings.
Some claim that seedlings are liable
to bear and do not come true to name.
Are those claims Justifiable to the
facts? Who has grown grafted pecan
trees for any length of time? Is It not
like many other things, a new fad and
neorle take to It for that reason while
others make money and sell high
I find that Barkman of Augusta, Ga.,
and Bacon of DeWitt, Ga., both consid-
ered high authorities on this subject,
endorse seedling pecan. There is no
question as to their longevity, while
there is a good deal of question as to
Sthe length of the life of the grafted pe-
Barkman says that the pecan comes
true to name, and that it is very rare
that trees do not bear. Bacon of
Georgia, who has probably grown pe-
can trees longer than any other man in
the South, says he never plants graft-
ed trees and he certainly grows some
of the finest nuts placed on the market.
In Texas scarcely anything but seed-
lings are planted and more pecans are
grown In that state than any other in
the Union. Would it not be well fol
people to go slow in grafting trees until
they know whether they are long lived
or not? That is of more importance
than getting nuts two or three years
In the matter of camphor trees, 1
notice that some people recommend
planting fifteen to twenty feet apart,
some as far as twenty-five feet square.
If the object in growing camphor trees
ts to manufacture camphor gum, why
not plant so as to get the greatest
amount of gum? In three years you
commence cutting trees back and cut
them back three or four times during
the year. This would prevent trees
planted twelve feet apart from grow-
ing together and would make the great-
er number of trees and more noundh
of gum to the acre.
I see one writer claims that the old-
er trees are the greater amount of
camphor. There is no doubt of this,
but can he get any more camphor in
a given number of years by doing this
oa a given umber of trees than he
can by planting closer together and
cutting back the younger trees?
As to the quality of the camphor, it
is Just the same and just as good from
younger trees as from older.
Another writer says that camphor
trees keep out white fly from orange
tees or around near where cam-
phor trees are planted. What is true
with reference to white fly Is also
true of vermin on fowls. A chicken
yMd which is planted with camphor
ttae where chickens are allowed to
run. will never breed any fleas or jig. expiration of considerably more than
gers. Camphor leaves placed in the an hour brought us from the sombre
nests of setting hens keep out all vet. and vine bordered river to the Glades,
n in. which opened up in a vast expanse of
Some people claim It is difficult to saw grass reaching as far as the eye
transplant camphor trees. I think there could see, interspersed with creeks in-
is no difficulty in transplanting two tersecting each other in various direc-
year old trees, if proper care is taken tons, traveled only at intervals by the
of the roots while out of the ground, native Indian and the enterprising
Geo. H..Wright. "Tator tribe." The high stage of wa-
Orlando, Fla., Nov. 21, 1900. ter. the result of the protracted rains,
* had overflowed the vast prairie with
Down the East oast---o. 1. about two feet of water, rendering pos-
iditor Florida Agriculturist: sible navigation, when under othet
To those who are afforded the privil- conditions t would have been im
Florida, either for business or pleas- Ing of the creek, piloted by Mr. J. M.
ure, the diversified nature of the soil, Bryan who stood in the bow waving
climate and productions are matters of his hand as to the direction to be tak-
interest as well as information, which en, avoiding a dense patch of lily pods,
if d ossiminated, may result in the ac- this side then that, now poling with ah
complishment of great good to others oar, we frequently stopped to clear the
not permitted by existing conditions to scnre propeller from dense bunches of
inform themselves of these facts. It twisted grass that was torn loose and
has been my privilege to travel by rail wound into a solid mam. After sever-
from New Smyrna to Miami, stopping al hours labor for captain, pilot and
at the various points of interest along passenger, Big City was reached, a for-
the line of railway as certain dtie e wer Indian village were Mr. Bryan
quired, and I herewith submit for the possessed n orange grove and truck
stance of 12 or 15 miles. This opportun- There were many Bields of pines In dit-
benefit of our readers my observatios farm. The of cuiaio a revbl-
onprime mission of the bwrier to I- ver announced our coming and a skiff
onestigate the various lake and fresh country is almost level, the white sand
notice. In recording these facts, I feel was sent to meet us the launch
that I am not actuated by either fes drawing too much water to admit the
or favor and can state the condit ona landing of the ladies. Here we found a
as I have found them. A residence od clearing of several acres planted in or-
Mr. Reed Bryan and sister, also tie employment to enterprising colo-
sImmae and the writer. The deep and oldc and enormous yields of oruft and
over seventeen years in Florida, enjoy- ange trees, pines and eggplants, so'ne
narrow srem of Ne riv was ra in bearing, which showed the produce
ing periods of prosperity, as well tiveness of the .soil. After dinner our
hose of adversity, establishing a home jrney h e as ressednes a e
for my family and myself in the o ey h e majority of the male
primitive wilderness in a country af- arrived about 7 l.
forded opportun ties enjoyed by no oth- Delray. This settlement was
re. I, in recognition of these facts, reached the following day about 8:30
tate them, allowing your readers the a. m. The objective feature was to
privilege of forming their own conclu- visit Mr. T. H. McFarlin, an old-time
sion& friend, who had purchased muck and
En route to Miami, my first shopping pine land for agricultural purposes.
place was intended to be L)elray, but The general appearance of the country
as the train was delayed by a wreck is similar to that in the vicinity of En-
several hours, I continued on to Fort terprise, Florida. The spruce Dine
Lauderdale for the night. While shrubbery and white moss Indicated
at the station an opportunity was of- the poorest possible quality of soil,
fered for a trip up to the head of New which I was told were essential ne-
River and into the Everglades, a dis- cessities for pineapple cultivation.
tance of 12 or 15 miles. This opportunl- here were many fields of pines in dif-
ty had long been desired, as the ferent stages of cultivation, possibly
prime mission of the writer was to In- averaging about 100 acres in all. The
v-estigate the various lakes and fresh country is almost level, the white sand
wa:er streams for the purpose of in- predominating until near the river,
reducingg improved varieties of fish in- where the muck or vegetable lands are
to the waters of the state, (being a located. The opening of the canal of
member of the Florida Fisheries Com- the Florida East Coast Canal Company
mission.) The launch being In readl- reclaiming hundreds of acres of fertile
ness, started with a party consisting of lands in this vicinity, furnishes lucra-
Mr. Reed Bryan and sister, also tire employment t9 enterprising colo-
Mr. J. M. Bryan, Jr. and sister of Kls- nist. The town is but at jut five years
simmee and the writer. The deep and old, and enormous yields of fruit and
narrow stream of New river was tray- vegetables are reported, among which
narrow stream of New River was as- Mr. Peter Peterson produced from 30,
cended through intricate passages and 000 sonare feet of land $770 in straw-
ed with rank and luxurious vegetation berries clear of all expenses.
consisting of cocoa palm, custard apple Mr. Chas. Miller is also one of the
clinging vines and other growths of oldest truckers, and is enjoying pros-
vegetation unknown to the writer. perity, and single blessedness as is the
As the river was ascended the cur- case with the majority of the male
rent increased in velocity but the con- population. Mr. McFarlln purchased
tinned puffing of the little launch two lots one year ago, the first year
'Trent," claimed by Capt. Reed to be cleared about $150,00 from tomatoes
the "slickest boat on the river," at the and vegetables, and is now clearing
land for pines of which he has half rn
acre. Coming to Florida in 1882, en-
gaging in bee culture until '86, he went
to California until '93; again returned
with an apiary of ,5) colonies, lost all
by gale at New Smyrna. returned to
California, dissatisfied with that state,
made a trip to Cuba, returned to Flor-
Ida and settled down in a location
where the profits from a small acreage
of pines will support him in his de-
clining years. I have found no one will-
ing to dispose of their pineapple prop-
erty. being satisfied with their invest-
ment. and but one cultivated lot of
muck land to be disposed of, the own-
er by reason of disease, being unable
to work it. Your correspondent is un-
der special obligation to Mr. H. J.
Sterling. for opportunities afforded to
visit the adjacent pineries and groves
and for much valuable information.
Fort Lauderdale,- This rapidly
growing comnmunlty-is-situated on the
banks of New River, 341 miles
south of Jacksonville and about three
miles from the House of Refuge near
New River inlet. This has been for
many years a trading post for the
Seminole Indians, the river rendering
an easy method of transportation to
and from their camps in the Ever-
glades. Here can be seen the chiefs,
squaws, and pickaninnies at times, ob-
jects of curiosity.
The Indians are primitive in their
nature, stoical in appearance, their
dusky faces illuminated by piercing
black eyes that take in every surround-
ing. The men are clothed in but a single
garment reaching to the knees, the
lower body apparently naked, but con-
tinually covered under every condi-
tion with ease, tact and adroitness to
avoid exposure of the person. Messrs. '""J'
Shanahan & Co.. who keep a general -
store, control the Indian trade, and
hides, skins, furs and other commodi-
ties are handled.
This locality produces thousands of
crates of tomatoes, eggplants, peppers
and other vegetables in the proper sea-
son, the river rendering transnortnton
easy for several miles each way; mother
launches ply the river, towing crating
materl1l Iqnl vegetables to the sta-
tion. Among tloe producers are L W.
Marshall, P. N.'Bryan. W. C. Valenlln,
A. .T. Wallace. W. C. Collier and oth-
er'. Th'le soil is variable in itW nature,
and the desires of the agricultuist can
be easily satisfied. On the saiimahlir
north of Fort Lauderdale Hose of ce-
fuge, Col. James McGregor Adams, of
Chicago. is erecting a private w st m
residen e. costing possibly $15,000 or
more. The material for the lower
story 14 concrete, formed into blocks.
The second story of frame. The loca.
tion is on a section of the peninsula
commanding a superb view of the
ocean, and an easy access o.0 New X;ver
Sound, connecting with the canal from
Lake Worth to Miami. The beach
sand is utilized for concrete, propor-
tioned approximately of cement one
Dart to 7 of sand. Blocks cast with an
air space are at one ornoamenri and
714 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
effective for the purpose intended. Mr. nostril. This little precaution general-; affords. Like the horn. it is not so sary. and only suffered out of respect
E. T. King is contractor and builder. ly decides the waverer especially if the easily cleansed from drenches contain- to a very general prejudice on the part
Mr. King formerly was manager foi nostrils are depressed in .the manner ing insoluble matters, and certain acids of the public.
the grounds and groves of Mr. W. E. of the mother who pinches the baby's and other substances act upon the met- The inherent suspicion of animals,
Connor of New Smyrna, which place nose to induce him to swallow the al, which would not affect glass. The even domesticated ones, lends color
is quite numerously represented lit teething powder. The operator mean- worst of all accidents that can happen to the belief that a condemned cat has
Fort Lauderdale and vicinity. This time watches the channel of the horse's with a bottle is to get the neck crushed, prescience of her fate, or a sense of
seems to be a busy place, all actively neck on the near side. where he will between the teeth of the patient, but, i,.pending disaster, and can not be
occupied in clearing, building or pre- sec it bulge as the ball passes down easy as this would appear, it is hardly found when the hour of execution &r-
paring for the season's crop. As at the first third. but something like half- ever known to occur. rives. They are the most difficult of
Delray all appear satisfied and each way down, the gullet ascends above It is certainly an advantage to be all animals to trick with medicines,
individual seems to think his muck and continues its course behind the able to see the contents of the vessel and not the less difficult to compel.
land is the most productive. There are windpipm, and the moving mass is lost from which medicine Js being adminis- This may be said of all the feline tribe,
six or seven launches owned here be- sight of. Some horses, while holding tered, and this cannot be done in any and the late Mr. Bartlett and his able
sides those temporarily present owned a hall. will swallow their saliva or a but a glass bottle. coadjutators at the "Zoo," employed
by tourists and winter visitors. pellet of food which was previously in Electuaries.-In dealing with acute every device to convey medicines when
There are numerous other localities the mouth, and in advance of the ball, sore throats, neither the time-honored necessary. Dogs can often be got to
along the line of railway between Fort and this movement down the channel draught nor the ball is suitable as a take medicine in a bonne bouche by
Lauderdale and Miami, but owing to of the neck may deceive the novice. form of medicament, for either is li- awakening their jealousy, but cats are
the fact of having but one train each The passage of a ball is. however, able to bring on a paroxysm of cough- "'not made that way," and do not care
way per day, and the community scat- much more marked and prominent, and ing and perhaps choking. who else has the suspicious morsel, so
tered over a large area. it was not ad- a person who has never seen one go Suitable medicine may then be mixed that they do not.
visable to visit them. These hocalsiies down before will involuntarily exclaim, with honey, glycerine, or syrup, to the If for no other reason than the possl-
also possess advantages for agriculture -"There it goes," if he is asked to wateh constituency of ordinary Jam, and be- ability of having to medically treat colts
no doubt equal to those mentioned and for it. The old rogue who has coughed ing placed upon a flat Instrument, as at an early age, breeders may be urged
might well repay a visit by persons back balls before, finds it very difficult a long paper-knife, smeared upon the to halter them while sucklers. There
who desire to investigate, to do so if the rope lead is wound back of the tongue. are many others why this should be
John Y. Detwilar. round his mouth, and. where there is i'owders.-These are dearly beloved done. but they are outside this paper,
* any doubt he may be offered a go-down of the incompetent, as they can be which has a tendency to grow too
Administration of Medicines to Ani- of water. If a horse drinks or takes thrown upon a damped feed of corn long. to name them.
mals food immediately after giving him a and chaff or mixed with a bran mash, Methods of Restraint.-We have de-
mt h ball. the attendant can be quite sure he but they have the great disadvantage scribed the giving of a ball, but not
What a bold man the tirst must have has swallowed it. as one can if a dog that things pungent or nauseous will
been who gave a horse a all! Did he licks his nose after a pill. not be eaten. Individuals differ very
get his hand bitten, one wonders, and The reader, it is hoped. will excuse much as to what they will eat in the TANGENT FRUIT BRUSHER
so learn to pull out the tongue, or turn the amount of space devoted to horse- way of drugs. Some turn up their Por polishien, cleaning
it up with the other hand as we do balling, when he is reminded that noses and display the most evident dis- or washing -orasres
now. many drugs act better when given in gust at a little sulphur and nitre, while and lemons, without
Giving a ball is really a very simple this form. and some are practically in- others will make no objection to such injury and a slight x-
matter, yet how comparatively few admissible in any other. malodorous drugs a assafoetida and pense.
horseowners or their grooms can be
relied upon to give medicine in this The Ball the Most Popular Form of copaiba. Tile powder is most useful WRIGHT BROS.,
convenient form. It is only fear of Medicine.-As an example, one can where sheep in large numbers require Riverside. CIl.
an unmeasured danger that prevents mention such agents as camphor and medical agents, and they are not so
anyone from becoming expert in this tar. which will go into a paper or tin- fastidious as horses or cattle. Bitter-
matter and with but little practice. The foil-covered ball without causing nau- ness seldom disgusts, as so many food
serious preparations most people make sea to the animal, and by their grad- !)l"ats are bitter.
when about to give a ball defeat the lIal absorption act much better than if This enables us to give such unpleas- E D
object by creating alarm in the mind administered in the nauseous and in- ant drugs as Epsom salts in food, and
of the patient, who should find the bo- convenient form of a draught; or we such bitter tonics as gentian and cal-
lus in a position from which he cannot might call attention to the peculiarity umba bark, and even sulphate of iron
reject it before he has become aware of aloes which. in the shape of a ball. if nicely masked with salt and fenu-
of any unusual attention still retains a monopoly of the name greek. or other favorite condiments of
How to Give a Ball.-A plain hempen "'physic" in stable nomenclature. Five neat cattle. gr ng rope b they're
halter, hanging loose, is all the appara- 'ra"ilms s as a Ilu s a reliable aperient Powders are also preferred for pigs, &esh and always thes bes. For
tus required, unless one includes an old for ia horse of 15.2 in England and and one is inclined to laugh at some aleevervwhere. Refsesubstitute.
kid or dog-skin glove on the right i' d'. in Scotland; but should this'quan- directions one sees. to give a table- gUcktoi. md prosper.
hand, which should be already on the tity be dissolved and given as a liquid. spoonful so many times a day to a hog IM SeedAnnual ree. Write r it.
hand before the patient is turned its action will be chiefly upon the kid- weighing 30 st. or 40 st., and whose
round in the stall. As every horse at neys. and its aperient qualities inap- opinions on the subject are even more ID. FERRY & CO.. *11. Mch.
some time or other has his mouth preciable. or at least uncertain, weighty.
opened-to look at his age. and daily to Giving Draughts or Drenches.-Med- Condensed drugs in the form of tab-
receive the bit-he should not be i esine in the forfe f dughts or lds are hardly as yet available for A
alarmed thus far in approaching him ire nhes n eer e ueded a the horsemen. though convenient for E T P a
with a view to seizing firmly hold of it i often desired to give fluids with a the veterinary surgeon wth his "squirt so
the tongue with the left hand, and in- to t no e gun." as Americans dub the subcutan- g IF
stantly turning the point upwards I circulation, and such agents as alcohol. .i1, m
such a manner that i a gelding or aether, and ammonia, must be largely eous syringe.
uch a m er that if a r diluted. What has been said in regard With this Instrument, the most po- m OIE WI
entire, the tip of the organ will be tte In e rrougr Wite we ha TII oI hwmam
touching the tusk in the upper jaw beIf to te restraint of the animal in pre- tent drugs are introduced direct into _nl
this s done quietly, but quic, a the parnation for a ball applies to some ex- the circulation, and with great effect. _m m
s s dne oista u t q hl e w e hen a d ought has to be given. It i, however. with medicines which M
mouth presents its elf as a funnel, up lit an will often cceed alone the stocrman will have himself to give
which the right hand is rapidly passed. the taen wi t n s o c hee a orne th*e won wilo n ae ohsel eo indn tCOCAliju ieNDWHIsy
and the ball left behind. The hand. in oree allcng hort or -ow where sev tUat we wold conaine ourselves in this 2
i the oth ne ntral with twitch and stable fork oand article. In the previous pages we have H i root Cmn d a a s.u&
with the thnmb tin the cfingere, andis the iuwh coercio n fail supposed tractable subjects accustonm- wi W'.e c"..e. r ,l.
such a large obstacle that It cannot be If the patient is made to stand with ed to restraint, bu t it often happens M. WOOULL*, M. Lt, A.ta. ca.
ent thirmle A bralls then shoguelad be the alate of th ow wtha "ethatrace under ordinary circumstan- f medtciknehave
passed up the mouth of any but -the his left or near side close to a wall. that animals in need of medicine haveo
smallest ponies. It is absolutely safe Ite oe the operator is not short or the ever been brought under discipline orthe V P lant
from beingtcrushed by the patient's horse very tall. he may often succeed are frightened, angry, or in so much .-m i ins es ol
molars so long as the operator's left in holdielg up the patient's head just ai as to makne them irresponsible, r ii otoot i so nmnt a
hand firmly grasps the tongue and aIbve the level, and pour in little by though aeeustom ed to restraint and s.a1n eara_ s tete e
keeps it pointing upwards. Sci'atching little the required dose from a chan- hobediene der ord inary co ircumstan-b col t te
the knuckle of the first inger is avoid- paign e bottle or other one of the strong ces. hee sof tt an or a coh esircabe L.oi _e
Sby the e of a gloved sloping shouldered variety as the administration of medicines to an- Splendid ck of Citrus trees on
The control of food or other bodies It may be taken as an axiom that a trls dinfrig so widely as the ponder- roh le on roots n so o sour o
in the mouth does not extend beyond horse should be drenched slowly and a als dtiffing so wid as the i onder-eot n o
that part of the tongue where it is ow a fst as you like. provided that ous dra hore and the lady's lap dog. o
Thosewho know both equtlly well will dn yanr Mos eifolleat.
most arched ilt shape and at its great. in the latter you give warning of touch- oprefe wthe grea beasth eqalls the most all, En d t olle thi
est thickness. bll, then, should be ing the palate of the the oi th thle te aner ordinary mtnn i tsck of othermo
placed as far back as this portion. The neck of the bottle. tractable ueer ordinary ircumstan- rt trees, li eonomtc
IT aseer. Botha andre. however. liable to de- np a n t s. Bamboos
involuntary muscles act upon the mor- It is true that cows are more fre- lirium. and a horse that weighs some- Palms Ferns Comi-
sel whether of food or physic, when it qent sufferers from medicines going thing like a ton is an inconvenient aers and Miseellane-
passes the rough boundary line above tile wrong way, but it is, in my ex- creature to handle when no longer re- ous ornamental 17
indicated and in most cases has to be iwriece. due either to neglect of the slonsible for his actions. The little dog year. Most extensive
tall, which they chan not easily eject, ing the bottle draught into sips, as we slick may be used to ,secure him. catalogue
until a more convenient season, then do with horses. Craft. and guile, and mechanics have REASON BROS.
to make use of the muscles of the Bottles have very generally supersed- all to be called into requisition in treat.- Oneeo. FlI.
cheek and tongue in a manner at no ed the old-fashioned horn. which was ing the unbroken colt and the wilful
other time noticeable, and resulting in nothhout ints advantages in being un- pnet, as well as the valuable animals n
movements whir h ndicat preying upon, the the akable but much more medicine menageries. Many people were struck d21'SS1B '
mal's Intentions. was impartially distributed over the with the resourcefulness of Lord
To guard against those cunning old persons engaged when horns were in George Sanger in giving bread soaked
customers who presently drop the ball. vogue. Tin bottles combine several with cyanide of potassium to the man- POS ITONS GUAIANUIIUD.
the halter lead, which was hanging good points is not being easily broken, killing elephant, whose life was sacri- Undc 000 Ossn Depeft
loose before giving it, should be quick. in having depressions for the finger iced to public sentiment, for no one alimsi S.
ly wound round the mouth immediate- and thumb, in the length of neck, and knows better than the popular enter_ ________
ly above, or even pressing upon, the the easy flow which a tube-ventilator taner that such a loss was unneces-.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. '"
provided for the operator's safety if
the patient happens to be a pugilist
and strike with his front feet. This
vice is the most dangerous of any. and
a known striker should be prepared
with knee caps and stood up to a wall.
while the "medicine man"gives the ball
from the other side. Where such con-
veniences do exist, or for other reasons
a hall or draught must be administered
in the patient's own mox or stall, a
good old-fashlioned plan is to put a col-
lar on. and attach to it a sack contain-
ing a couple of bushels of corn. The
weight and bulk suspended in front of
him makes it impossible to strike a
person or injure himself.
The twitch, so unnecessarily re-
sorted to by many stablemen, may be
excusable, but in most instances af-
fords "more assistance (if the loop is
large) when put in the mouth and used
as a means of holding the head up in-
stead of that dangerous, but common
practice of forcing it up with the tine
of a stable fork inserted under some
part of the head, collar, or halter. Gen-
tle traction on the tongue, when the
animal refuses to swallow, has more
effect than stroking the windpipe, as
one generally sees practiced. Pulling
it out and letting it go suddenly invar-
lbly results in a gulp of more or less
of the medicament. Some horses are
subject to vertigo when the head is
held up for long together, or at any
great angle, and the writer has been
more than once knocked over when
drenching such subjects. If the drink
is a "long" one, an interval may be al-
lowed, but before the animal is permit-
ted to depress his head, the maln
should be very sure he has not been
holding the fluid in his mouth. If it is
necessary to use mechanical power in
raising the head of an obstinate horse.
the cord or pully-hook should not be
attached to a fixed point, as it is bet-
ter to lose a dose of medicine than run
the risk of breaking the patient's neck.
In dreching horned stock the neck
should be kept straight, and this can
only be done when two persons engage
in the act. If one does it alone, he
naturally obtains more power by pull-
ing the head round to himself, and this
makes the animal much more liable to
choking.. The practice of putting the
finger and thumb into the nostrils
should be avoided if possible, as the
membrane covering the septum is fre-
quently wounded by the man's nails,
is painful to the animal, sometimes sets
up an ulcer, and always affords a gate
of entrance to the blood stream of dis-
It is presumed that readers of The
Farmer and Stockbreeder are too well
informed as to the structure of animals
to drench calves through the nostrils
or pigs by way of the ear, and the
writer merely mentions cruel and in.
effectual practices here that owners
may be on their guard against ignorant
persons in their employ, who may In-
volve their masters in a charge of cru-
elty by being accessories before or af-
ter the fact.
Drenching Calves.-If calves have to
he drenched for husk worms in the
bronchial tubes, a fairly large dose of
turpentine can be given by way of the
month, and the exhalations act on
the parasites. It is all but impossible
to get irritating drench of the kind to
pass down the trachea over the highly
sensitive membrane which covers the
larynx or top of the windpipe, and the
remedy is coughed back when attempt-
ed. though owners are often deceived
by the passage of their medicaments
down the gullet, by way of the open-
ing at tie back of the mouth (posterior
nareas. With the struggling pig, if any
fluid does get down the ear it is
through the eustachian tube. but it is
a practice so barbarous and ineffectual
that al humane men must wish to sup.
Piggie's drench bottle is an old boot,
and nothing that the writer has ever
seen is equal to it. With the toe cut
off and the pig secured, he should be
slowly drenched, as his obstinacy adds
to the danger of choking from a com-
paratively small gullet.-Agricultural
Can't you win one of our premiums?
A Curious Indian.
Mr. J. C. Durham, of Copper Moun-
tain. has in his employ an Indian, from
Southern Mexico. who claims to be an
Aztec and thoroughly educated in the
Aztec language, and Durham is con-
vinced that he tells the truth. Near
Durham station, there is a large
amount of "picture writing" on the
rocks which is supposed to have been
written by the Aztecs. The second
day after the Indian's arrival at the
station. Mr. Durham took him to the
rocks, and pointed to the "picture
writing." He seemed surprised and de-
lighted, and at once commenced to read
the characters. After reading them
he told Mr. Durham that they were
dated 1237 and stated that about one-
quarter of a mile in a certain direct.
tion lie would find the ruins of an Az-
tec town. Mr. Durham knew the ruins
were there and asked the Indian if he
could go to them by the directions giv.
en in the writing, and he replied in the
affirmative, then went direct to the
ruins. He also told Mr. Durham that
the piles of rock near the ruins, which
the latter had supposed were graves,
denoted where the Aztecs, when they
left the country, had buried their idols.
He stated that according to the writ-
ing on the rocks he would find these
idols by sinking to a vertical depth of
thirteen feet and drifting in a certain
direction ten feet. He offered to prove
the truth of his interpretation of the
writing by digging up some idols.
HIe also stated that according to the
writings on the rock that in a certain
direction and a certain distance would
be found a very large, square house,
and that in a certain corner of a cer-
tain room in this building, ollas con-
taining tablets of stone giving Aztec
history had been buried, and that the
tablets also gave a history of and di-
rection to gold mines worked by the
Aztecs. The directions and distance
he read from the rocks and the de-
scription of the building, indicated that
the old Casa Grande ruin was the
building referred to. He writes these
-Aztec characters on paper with a pen-
cil as readily as we write English
words, and writes and reads them from
left to right, the same as we do in En-
glish. But the most peculiar thing
about this Indian curiosity is the fact
that when you point out to him any
animal or object and ask him the En-
glish name of it. he will write it down
in what he declares is Aztec and then
write under it the English name cor-
rectly in English letters, but can not
pronounce it. He explains this by say.
ing his father, who was an Aztec
scholar, also knew the English alpha-
bet and taught it to him; that there is
the same number of characters In the
Aztec alphabet as there are in the En-
glish alphabet and that the arrange-
Iment of them is such that by taking
the English letters by number they will
correspond with the number of the Az.
tec character in the Aztec alphabet.
-For instance, you point to a cat and
ask him to give the name in English.
lie will write it in Aztec first. The
numbers of Aztec characters will cor-
respond with the third, first and twen-
tieth letters of our alphabet. onse-
quently he will write (-A-T. but could
not write it without first writing it itn
his own language. We shall learn
something more of tis strange charac-
ter. He may be aile. by reading the
"'picture writing" which is heard all
over this country, to give us some in-
teresting history of this ancient land.
Dwarfing Orange Trees.
As we all pretty well know, there
las been much said and written on
thle subject of protection of late years;
ind if all accounts may be credited,
there has been considerable done with
this end in view; but there is still one
direction which, so far as I have yet
learned, neither the writer, talker nor
doer has yet given any attention to;
and that is dwarfing the trees. Now it
seems to me that something like unto
success might be overtaken along this
line. Most of your lady flower-growing
readers are. I dare say, pretty well
Assured that plants flower best, both
as to quantity and quality,when their the roots of these orange trees or
roots are confined to smaller'pots than, bushes which we see around us must
to the inexperienced eye. their size have suffered greatly front sap-poison-
would seem to demand. Size of olant ing. which I consider analogous to
must, of course, always regulate in the blood-poisoning in the animal system.
selection of size of pot to be used: sut- seeing that during the last five years
ficient check must be given to induce their roots have been sending up crude
abnormally slow circulation, which will sap. which, for lack of proper tops to
be pretty sure to give the energies of digest and properly assimilate it has
the plants a tendency to produce flow- been returning incessantly to the root
ers instead of leaf buds. This, how- full of poison, which would have been
ever. opens up a wide field, and so. to :aken up and mostly assimilated by
tie point on hand. the leaves had there been leaves
Root Pruning.-W-ell. most of us enough on lte' plants to do said work.
know that root expansion implies top Now. surely judicious root-pruning
expansion, and so by a wise curbing would do much in the way of assisting
of the roots we can most surely dwarf the trees to get rid of much of the
the tops. Circumstances must. of poison which their roots for years have
course, always be allowed to help us been forced to absorb. Could we see
to decide how far we may proceed in the root systems of these trees as
this direction without endangering the plainly as we see their tops, some
health and mayhap the life of the would not be long in applying the
trees, knives and clippers. The leaven hid
Root pruning of orange trees with in the measure of meal will not more
the view of dwarfing and saving them surely, time being given, leaven the
from serious damage in the event of whole lump, than blood-poisoning in
their being overtaken by frost, would the animal and sap-poisoning in the
require to be done yearly about two
weeks or a month before the usual
advent of the frost, so that most of the
sap would be diverted from the branch- W NY .H CURES.
es and stems of the trees, and be util-
ized in healing up the wounds inflicted Im * ea* t Speolalt et the TimeOres
on the roots by the pruner's knife or h n Him PCsrmil Atttlim.
clippers. This would very much lessen, edter Ioadocrs have acerwis umba
ne fsok remedis hlob they wein
if not altogether obviate, the danger Mathlway'sncuaseswhi emat anl mar.
of the cell-walls getting burst or in any Mdthed. senta r.sryM. i^
way ruptured in the event of frost as eoSodt5ey5as
culation in the stems and branches to aItion determined. Thin
there would not be sap enough in cir- e ery Sys admed ieSS
force the sap-even with such obstru- ministered whldh ar
tion as a pretty severe frost would be HL a ayr penm a
likely to throw in its way-to burst mlr iSo tmeateae.d
its normal bounds. Owing to the dim- bramp manS deoaitbesi
finished flow of sap from causes above `aotwopeopio be
hinted at, there would be more than treat e n the m rpat
clear way enough for it to flow. Dr. Ht l htC l
The dwarfing of the trees would wrda-be atrdsee l aes
doubtless considerably reduce the out- othtIown- ytem e s d
college topited out yea ag Iwhil-
turn of fruit, but I am not sure that Ea .clledan Iusetlauttss
this would be nearly so great as most *a igy r the twenty Jyeai tne--
people at first would be inclined to Treated. ace enjoyed ian si
suspect, seeing that the reduced size tbiscorntr. d 1r.vS,01Nrrt an ltntdlalC-
of the trees would admit of at least In toies t hundreds of reqe
double the hitherto normal number be- fh IS*Sl". ? 9
lug planted out on an acre. This in- pwlr.pta ofomeSeidehim seeit e
T this ertoao~ aeade tIn I~moled m
crease in the number of trees to an fhlrmedltoea u l umtoowr aware o them-
acre would go far toward making good chief thcharb doane by thn s fl mofEn
the decrease in the fruit yield which leada11 lltiSkle H.thwat'sreatmentor
the dwarfing of the trees might in.- lee blacsa n tvcsl enersge
dine one to expect. Moreover, the bloets. m- a neomreto the skin
ease with which dwarfed trees could tbloMeothatth isemase s permanentlanid co
pletelydrtveaft the system and an thls without
be handled in the pruning, gathering alrds SSeeo ssSordan s erondrues
of fruit, etc., would greatly reduce ex- Vg.esgmele and amitStreiS metod rlcs
penditure in these directions. Of Strt iel. hs own and in 9er ent
co al cases results Ina perfect
course, questions of this nature can ad pmenMent cum. No operatlonis r ared ni
only be settled correctly by actual re D n or inonvtsnci rSe I e
turns; all the same I am even now thntator any operato. or hopita or Inetute
trtment and Is both tae and sure, rstrn the
much inclined to think that the dwarr- ae to a cionat perfectnormal
ed trees would win on the home KMimy tesqesir n e'e m
stretch. 0g.g.. reta tr tebnly 9e4bi1
thin blankbewill padnad free ta
Again. as to the question of artificial everyonewho esihis nam e~ade. r s
dnemanad frDr. Hllathmene
protection. I don't think anyone will ew eek boa:mant Vor, esr.aal a
feel inclined either to think or assert IREE. a orama a s te a eitionoer
that dwarfed trees could not be pro- thi*bookwinbe nt freeto anyonewo
tested more sectfrely and for a great SesansUtatle Sanas.Hdy .e s
deal less money than such trees as we F-E. Soons bhSxaiyadt esae
have hitherto been accustomed to look J. M WTON HATHAWAY M. a.
upon. Here those who have been ac. as m lsmran et. ia". ,
customer to take into account any mmoI THI PAPrs WHN WklNO.
power that lies beneath the apparent,
may very plausibly ask wherein lies
the good sense of now talking about Fr er
dwarfing trees which are already, in 25 yew A
the name of all that is dwarfish, dim- U mVs The flrt Poell's
inutive enough? Nothing could seem Prepared Chi
ilore apropos than such a question, a asa or marine
but all that is pertinent in it lies in its weresold. Lautee
seeming to be what in reality it is not. f e H f nprogeive ftar-
True, the orange trees which we now men in 22 state
see around us aie small; but small as medthem. UrtM
they are they are growing over root ed yot marshes
systems which- a few years ago were sn toiveyo pries
supplying the demands made on them on Muriate and
by full grown trees. As these small n Bulphaie Potash
bunches of sap-wood are now full of rNitrte Soda sn.
excess of sap, the slightest clogging otlser Mfst-merlA
up of the cell-walls through which. 5. Pewe i Co.,
said sap is flowing would result in rup- W. s OWEL & .
ture, general confusion and death to Baimr, m.
all of the tree above the ground. More-
over, I am not much inclined to think
your bonfires, wooden shanties, kero- BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON.
sene lamps, etc., would do much in For use in granarles to kill weevil, tode-
the way of warding off such a catas- stroy rats and gophers and to ke p in
trophe. Of this, however, I am not .cts from the seed. etc.
carefully advised, so will leave it- an o CENTS PER POUND,
open question. ut up n ten and fifteen pound cans
p ftee cents extra for the cans.
Sap Polsonlng.-It seems to me that O, PAIITER a GO., Jodwe.vf
7n THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
tree, when fairly set in, will, If not two or three bushels of the same pick-
checked, in a very short time, turn all ing to a party living in a city about Farm"e Attention ,
into confusion, and life to death. seventy-five miles distant on the same Farmller Attentionll-
The removal of the dead rootlets and road.
roots. and such as are. from being con- The train got through to the end of SPECIAL
gested with poisoned matter, as good the route about 4 o'clock a. m. Of SPRING
as dead, will make way for the for- course both lots were delivered by the
nation of a new root-system. More express company as early as possible, GOODS
over. such roo:-pruningt as is here rec- prolb:tbll about the same time in each
omluended will most surely re-estab- city. The buyer at the half way city Avery Garden Plows, Acm e Harrows
lilh the equipoise of root and top, pro. paid twelve and one-half cents per
duce an abundant supply of new ,qualr for berries, paid his own ex- GEoRGIA STOCKS.
spongloles. and a general building up press charges and returned the boxes BPR a YING OUTFITS
and repairing of all the damaged mem- and crates. The grocery house proved
brane of the trees will follow as a nat- to be a commission house. After long and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies
rural consequence. However much to delay, they reported that the berrie Poul y 8d i dt I R
some this may seem aside from my came in such bad condition that they POUltry Netting s. I t Columbia Bicycle
avowed subject, it is nevertheless very were obliged to close them out to a CHARTER OAK STOVES.
relevant to it. boarding-house keeper at six cents per CARRARA PAINT. IRON PIPE. BOILERS AND PUMPS
Some of your old orange planters quart, and from that deducted the WRITE FOR PRICES.
may have observed in the past that freight and commission. That ended
trees planted out in the autumn sur- their experience with commission men, OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
fered less from the frost during the en. they never tried them again, but sold
suing cold season than trees in which their crops at home for what they
the normal flow of sap had in no way could get. RIVERSIDE iNURSERIES. i oc i o :r
been curbed. Well, whoever has no- Before the freeze of '94 and '95, we __ tees ai s5 to S per IO...~.j.
ticed this, will not. I think, have much knew a man to ship about a dozen -3r
difficulty in making out pretty early boxes of oranges to a commission AULB R ECANSKLMQUATS UMBRELLATREES.
the drift of the foregoing. This is t house in Chicago. Not hearing, he f- A S .
subject with many ramifications, but wrote but got no reply. The postmast- DU ANIEL, t GLEN ST. MARY, FLA.
my letter is getting much too long, so er advised him to register a letter to
I must pull up for the present.-J. Nel- the firm; in due time the letter was re- -
son in Florida Farmer and Fruit Grow- turned by the postmaster of Chicago,
er. indorsed, "can not be found."
S- Northern papers have been giving
Some Experiences With Commission some accounts lately of one or two
Men. firms who rented offices, got up flue
W itor Florida Agrkiiturist: looking letter heads and envelops, and r e e
The orange shipping season is at solicited consignments. Of course, i
hand. The forwarding of vegetables those who shipped to them received no '
to market will also soon begin. If you retuis n whatever. n
can not sell your crop at home, on the \ e repeat our warnings, never ship
tree or on the field, it becomes neces- 'o a stranger without knowing some- .0 2- WATCHES
sary to ship it. This usually means i hing about him. 8.
consigning it to some commission *
house. Death to the White Fly.
While there are many hundreds, even rhis is the fly, as we understand it.
thousands of perfectly honest, reliable tha sometimes infests orange trees,
men in the commission business, it is and spreads on the leaves the black
also a fact that there are many rogues varnish looking coating, that finally
in the same business. A few works great injury to the trees, it not
idcideits for the truth of which we can their' death. c
vouch, may serve to call the attention The following recipe for an emul- Premium Offer No 1. A one ding s a IMw SmbCrber an
of shippers to the importance of know- sion has been given us through Mr. F. .00 wil receive an open-face, stem-wind
ng to whom they are trusting their B. Terrell, by Its author, Mr. J. W. and stem-et watchguaranteed by the manufacturs for one year. Send yoursurip-
goods, before they send them to mar. Cain of Orlando, who has used It sae. sion atooce to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla
ket. cessfully for ten or twelve years. Mr.
Many years ago, three young men, Cain, we are told, believes that it it facts then observed correspond gener- that they have a "sixth sense," a hy.
brothers, started at market gardening. were applied to all groves a few years, ally with those remembered n the case pothesis which arouses a degree of r-
tauby with tsose remembered In the case pothesis which arouses a degree ot or-
The first year they had a tine crop of the fly would be exterminated. The of other great disturbances of earth ritation difficult to account for in some
tomatoes, which were selling fairly emulsion must touch the egg of the and air. A number of cases are given inds, need not be raised n this e
well in their home market, a city o fly, to destroy its vitality. This ca In which horses dogs, a monkey and any more than In the Instances In
liable commission man from a neigh. February, May, September or October. remarked the bad condition of the claret that they "feel" a thunderstorm
enes oht o empty orbr- hos an to the houter end of whih another n a brougham rom the livery earlier nd more acutely alive to t
rels at :0 cents each, salted them into he fastens the spraying nozzle. By stables for her. The hired horse seemed heat and electric tension before a com
the best selected tomatoes. While on ward among the leaves, and wet theory driver then said that all the animals
the way to the freight depot, in pass under surface more effectively than to ere "of their feed." A monkey and BEST WAY TO SMOKE MEATS.
ing through the city, they were offered let the emulsion tall as rain from other pets at a villa near Villefranche
shipped the whole los etrns t id To any one who wishes to make and on the day before the shock which de Liquid Extract of Smoke Is Clean,
shipped tho e e whelot. Returns did Toerey one wot wishes tomakeand shroyed so much life and property, re- Quick, Economical and Con-
not come to hand as expected and they try the emulsion, it will not be diffi fused o enter tie house where they ven enic n
wrote to the commission man. They cult to clip this recipe out, and try u w ege n anxo o e Tey Liquid Extract o Smoke is pre
uon got a reply inclosing account of at the proer e. .. o t were all spiritless, dull and scared. paration made from select-
sales. They had sold very low after Recipe. 8ib rosin; 4 sal-soda, A small lapdog which usually saton ed hickory wood which
freight, drayage and commission were (crude sodium carbonate); dissolve te arm of is masters chair at meals has taken the place of the
deducted, only one dollar and a few soda by boiling In one gallon of water; refused to occupy its usual seat. But old-fashioned clmsy pro-
cents were left for which they powder the rosin and add slowly to there s t o striking evidence ess of smokingneate n
inclosed check, but no check ever came boiling soda solution, and continue t that thea a e i s ere in a state or f smokehouse. It is far
and the whole shipment was lost. boiling until the rosin is well cut b.v fear was that the cows in the Jai lies aeaner and more conven-
A year later, another neighbor re- the soda as a soft soap. Keep up the supplying the coast resorts seemed lent and it saves a lot of
commended another firm as reliable slow boiling while you add water grad-teified, and the quantity and quality time and work. The q-
*men to handle grapes. A small ship. ually until you have five gallons of of the milk suffered. aid Extract of smoke
meant was made of some very choice soapy solution. When thus well boiled, On the clalk range which overhangs fade by E. Krasmer &
Delaware grapes, then quoted in the it is ready for use. When you go to Shirburn and extends along the 3ro., of Milton, Pa., is ap-
market at from 10 to 15 cents. Though apply It to the trees, add 7 gallons of
the distance was only sixty miles and water to every gallon of the solution Thames one of the most extraordinary .,lied to the meat with a
the grapes were sent by express and you now have, that is, the 8 pounds among domestic animals in this coun- eat can be hung at once
not over three hours on the road, they of rosin and 4 pounds of sal-ssda haveet aias h N o a ehg a o
not overe reported ae hours arriving so broadly, the given 35 gallons of the emulsion.-- try occurred quite recently, a paie L.n the store room. Liquid
ere reported as arriving so badly gie an gpaos othe en which can only be explained on tire Extract of Smoke con-
shriveled that they had to be closed Courier-Informant. supposition that they felt the Dromo- tains the same ingredients that pre-
out at 6 cents per pound. 4 nation of an earthquake or one of those serve the meat when it is smoked in
lnor several years these gardeners The Sixth Sense in Animalr, subterranean sounds which somethileb a smoke house. It keeps the meat
did not patronize the commission men A gentleman writing of the great precedes earthquakes. These hills ate sweeter and safer than the old way,
again. But one season, having an un- land-slip in Italy. says that a lady re- a series of sheep farms, the flocks be- improves its flavor, the process is per-
usually large picking of strawberries, siding in the hotel at Amalfi. the day ing part of the regular local system or feely healthful and is a better safe-
they asked another friend for the ad- before the land-slip, refused to stay agriculture. That no earthquake shock guard against insects which frequently
dress of some large grocery house in there for another night because she was felt does not make it impossible attack meats smoked in the old way.
a city about one hundred miles distant. was certain that the earth was moving that the sheep felt or heard some of the No one who has adopted this way of
'One was recommended as perfectly re. and compares the sensitiveness with common premonitions of an earrt- preserving meats has even been known
liable and a few bushels of choice ber- observations of the symptoms of nn- quake. Nothing is more probable than to return to the old way with its risks
ries werp shipped them by express on rest and apprehension shown by do. that the whisperings of earth and air, and discomfort. Anyone interested can
a train leaving about nine o'clock that mestic animals before the serious to which we are deaf, are heard by the obtain full information by writing to
Oiht On the same train they shipped earthquake of 1887 in the Riviera. The keener animal ears. The supposition the manufacturers.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 7t
How Foxes Get ]id of Fleas. is very important, both as regards their
By an old hunter and naturalist of lo- digestibility and their flavor."
cal repute a story has been told here The bulletin is illustrated with 1b ena r R
confirming as absolutely true and text figures. It is for free distribution
trtatworthy the published account, and will be sent to any address on ap-
which has had few believers until plication to Senators, Representatives,
now, of how foxes rid themselves ot and Delegates in Congress, or to th Pe na a a Nerve
fleas. The fox, according to the book Secretary of Agriculture, Washington, Pe as a N r
narrative, backs slowly into a stream D. C.
of water with a portion of the pelt of a te Talk f
rabbit in his mouth after the fox has -- - I o
made a meal of the rabbit. The water V3TERINARY DEPARTMENT.
drives the fleas first up the fox's legs Realizing as we do that many of ,,,r read-
and then towards his head and finally em rquen.ty need the advice of a rki led
out on the piece of rabbit fur, and then Veterinary urveon. a d that they are not
the fox drops the fur, and his pests are always in a positl n to secure the mevee
Sofsuch, we have arrnue ,. for tie haneat of
done for. our readers with Dr. E. rench. of Dsy-
The local hunter and naturalist re t. na, P a. a Veterinary Surgeon and Ientist.
who will answer all inquiries relating to the
ferred to, strange to say, had never ainlme, t- of domesticate I animals. throu h
heard or read this story when be told the columns ,o this paper free of charge.
... ..... i "nuld any wisnh advice r quirnng an extend-
of the actions of the fox Which he ob- iel answer bv mail. they should enclote one
served in the waters of the Patansco dollar. ,tr reply which will cover the case
river. The little animal, he stated, fully
backed into the river slowly with so
much deliberation that he wondered Prevention of Tuberculosis.
what it meant. It carried something- Wise gives some general hygienic di-
he did not know what-in its mouth, reactions for the avoidance of tuber-
and dropped the something when out, culosis. viz.. careful selection of a
in deep water. Then the fox hurried properly situated dwelling upon which
away. The object left floated near to plenty of sunlight falls, which is ele-
the observer, and he hauled it ashore vated, but not windswept, and par-
with a stick. Fleas literally swarmed ti cularly. one that is not damn.
through the object, which was found The furnishings should be light, and.
to be a bit of raw rabbit fur. The oh.- i hen feasible. washable. Servants
server had a puzzling mystery explain.- slhlhll not lie Illoweda to "dust." but
ed to him. He says his admiration for should wipe furniture after dampening BOe. W. V. Suolltan, . SnBaser from
the shrewdness of the fox grows more it. and the carpets should be dampened Ml ippL
Sand more as he grows older and learns and then cleaned with sweeper. Hon. W. V. Sullivan, United States
his ways.-Baltimore Sun. IBreathing should be through the nose. Senator from Mississippi, in a letter
* the clothing should le loose, modern. recently written to Dr. Hartman, from
Beans, Peas and Other Legumes as lately light. but warm. Sufficient exer. Oxford, Miss, says the following of Pe-
'ood clise .should be taken, and a proper diet runa ascatarrh remedy:
should be prescribed. The expectora- ..s 0 jO r -a
The U. S. Department of Agricul- tion should be .serilized. tMilk and "W e lme I aVe ab a
ture has just issued Farmers' Bulletin meats should be chosen with great Suff~wier IfrM Ct a Inb is mOst
No. 121--"Beans, Peas, and Other Le- care. excluding, if possible, tubercu- incipfflit stag, S much so that I
gue as Food." lious infection. The final point is of
umes as Food." importance. It is pointed out that num- bame or to y
This bulletin is similar in scope to erous animals used as pets, as well as halth.
a number of popular bulletins pub- several domestic animals, are suscept-
lished by the Department, summariz- ible to tuberculosis, and it is larticu- "Bat, hearing of Perana as a good
ing the information on different food larly insisted that, among these, canar- remedy,I gave it a fair trial and soon
materials which enter largely into the ies and others are frequent subjects began to improve. Its effects were dis-
diet of most families. It was prepar- of tuberculosis.-(Vet. Journal. tinotly beneficial, removing the annoy-
ed under the direction of the Director For the benefit of those in the tng symptoms, and was particularly
of the Office of Experiment Stations by "leeches" section, I would suggest a good as a tonic.
Mrs. Mary Hinman Abel, who has mixture consisting 6f equal parts of "I take pleasure in recommending
made an extensive study of the literal. guin-camphor and carbolic acid crys. yourgreatnationaloatarrh eue,Peruna,
ture of the subject, and has also em-. als is of value in treating the trouble as the best Ihave ever tried."
bodied the results gained by practical sole "summer" or "bursate" or Miss Irene Cooper, Assistant Buperin-
experience and many experiments, "leeches' sores so common on the legs tendent of the Old People's Home, Chi-
some of which were undertaken espe- and feet of horses and mules during cago,Illa., also hasagood word to say
call in connection with this bulletin. the summer months. The mixture is for Peruna. In a letter written from
The geographical distribution of the best applied several times a day. the 33 Prairie avenue, Chicago, Ills, she
legume family, representatives of soles afterward covered with cotton- gives in the following words her experi-
which are found in all climates and sw ool. and a bandage applied. fence with the slma~th edy,
countries, is given, and their nutri-ona catarrh remed
tive value, nitrogenous constituents, Waste of Human Life. Pr
and digestibility are discussed. Vege- While progress in civilization has
table protein is compared with animal rough greater care of human life,
protein, the various species of beans there is yet a prodigal waste. Dr. A. tassium are dissolved in a litre of
and peas are described, the many ways Hill, vice-chancellor of Cambridge Unl. fresh boiled water. When the solu-
of preparing.them for food are noted, versity, states that one-fourth of all tion has cooled to 40 degrees or 42 de-
and a table is given showing the com- the diseases that destroy life are ab. agrees, it is infused in equal propor-
parative value of legumes in relation solutely preventable, and that if the tions into the udder at the four teats,
to their cost. In conclusion, the bul- practice of hygiene were only on a lev- with disinfected wide-bore milk cath-
letin, says: iel with its theory the average longevrl eters. The infusion has to be accom-
"The green or immature pea or bean ty would be raised at once from flfty panied with continued massage of the
are among our most valuable green to fifty-five years The greater number udder. If the pulse is weak and syn-
vegetables and fully deserve the place of diseases over which the individual cope is feared, 5 grains of caffeine are
they now hold on our bill of fare. The l has control are due to mistakes n eat- given in salicylate of sodium solution.
value of the dried pea. bean, and lentil ing and drinking. At the same time the cow is wished
Is such that one or more representa- One purpose yet to attain is a more down, warmly clothed and receives
tives are found in every country as a exact knowledge by every citizen of every two or three hours an oleaginous
staple food, and they have been thus the causes and properties of prevent, salt slyster. If there is no difficulty in
used from the earliest times. They are able diseases, but it is hardly surDris- swallowing aloes is given internally."
especially rich in protein, the nitrogen- ing that the knowledge is still so slight, Out of 50 cares of varying severity,
ous constituent which forms the chief, when even medical men hardly realized Veterinarian Schmidt claims to have
nutriment of meat, and are thus fitted the contagious character of consump. saved 4(J. Comatose condition disap-
to take the place of part of the meat tion twenty years ago, although one- pears in four hours, 36 animals got up
in any dietry. Since in comparison, third of the cows in England were within 24 hours and some of them in
with their value their price is low, tuberculous and half the milk sold 5,. 6, and 7Y hours.
they must be considered among the distributed the bacillus of tuberculo These satisfactory results seem to
vegetable foods as next in importance sis.-Vet. Journal. have been obtained also by others.-
to bread. As compared with the cer- * Vet. Record.
to bread. Milk Fever. (I shall give in an article at an early
As compared with the cerals the le- The modes of treatment of this af-I date full details of recent cases.)-W.
gumes are (1) less completely digested' fiction are very numerous, and each I E. French, V. S.
If eaten in considerable quantities; (2) has its advocates. Of late the Veteri- *
it is improbable that they can be made nary Record has called the attention of U
into any form of palatable bread, and its readers to a new method which, re eivedUnnes Grant has reirntlh
(3) their flavor is less generally liked, I from the name of its author, has re- received an interein the
and on that account will not be made ceived that of Schmidt's treatment visit paid to her in the White House
a regular daily food, except by people The translation of the description giv years ago by some Sioux chiefs -ind
who are forced to its by necessity. In en by Veterinary Surgeon J. Schmidt, their squaws. The parcel contained
view of their low cost and high nutri- of Kolding, can be condensed as foit
tive value however, they may profit- lows: Thousands of wild ducks are along
ably be used to a greater extent than "The udder is stripped, cleansed with the banks of Indian River at this writ-
at present soap and water and disinfected with ing. They are fat and fine eating and
"Care in the preparation of legumes lysol solution, 7-10 grs. of iodide of po- good sport for the bunters.-Ex.
(red to Health
and Catarrh Tonic
"In theme days of all kinds medleie
it is a comfort to know of a remedy
which may be used with unquestioned
beneflcrl results. I gladly recommend
Peruna as a safe, reliable remedy in
cases of catarrh of the stomach, helpful
in building up the system worn out with
overwork or age.
"Several of my friends who have used
Pemrna have spoken of it in th highest
terms, and I congratulate yoe oa its
Mrs. W.E.OGrisom, Henry, ZIis Ca,
"I took Perun faithfully over two
months, and the result is a thoroughly
renovated system and a strong, buoyant
feeling, to say nothing of a cure of the
chronic catarrh. Therefore Ishal avail
myself of every opportunity to speak a
Peruna asa catarrh cure."
Mr. Harry M.Stevensea l-~ Beach,
L. I., New York, proprietor of "The
Richmond" Hotel, says of Pruna:
"It gives me pleasure to testify to the
value of Peruna. Ihaveeueditfor years
and have found it to be a most excellent
family remedy. For colds, catarrh sad
similar ills, it is unsurpassed." Cr-
dially and gratefully,
H. M. Btevens.
Catarrh is a systemic disease, curable
only by systemic treatment. A remedy
that cures satarrh must aim directly at
the depressed nerve centers. This is
whatPerunadoes. PernnmLmmi lately
invigorates the nerve-centers which
give vitality to the mucous membranes.
Then catarrh disappears. Then catarrh
is permanently cured.
Peruna cures catarrh wherever lo-
cated. Poruna is not a guess nor an e-
periment-it is an absolute scientific
certainty. Peruna has no substitutes-
no rivals. Insist upon having Peruna.
A free book wraten by Dr.
Hlntman, oa the subject oe c-
tarrh in Its diff nt p ase nd
states, wll be set by Ihe Pearn
Medicine Company, Caosehmam
Ohio, upon request.
E. 0. Painter & Co.. Jacksonaille. Flu.
Gentlemen:--In reply to yours of the
18th. will say that the fertilizers re-
ceived from E. O. Painter & Co.. have
been perfectly satisfactory in every re-
T. ii. Chambers.
;eorginna. Fla.. September 24. 1900.
FOUR 00OD 0Waa :
i8-TOU wVATVlh. DIRALM P551nT. -
-aonoaly u otrins cta a~Cmmsim
ains.eao c.r hr- ,,te. o a.
Anyone o mennss ti5 n -ta
KMcirT iIemrfin l 0r op linoin- tKI
invetioruon is nrbaoilTs W i
paes tlleffil throqwb~
718 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.
Florida is rapidly forging ahead as
one of the heaviest. if not the heaviest.
producer of pliospha::e rock: yet.
strange to say, but a small proportion
of the phosphate used in Florida soil
is Florida phosphate. Charleston con-
tinues to supply the large bulk of
these goods and seems to have the ad-
vantage in freight rates. What Flor-
ida needs is more acid chambers.
where the raw rock can be converted
Into the acid phosphate without having
to travel out of the state and back
again. Some of the fertilizers sold in
this state derive their phosphoric acid
from Florida rock that has been ship-
ped North. treated and made into vom-
plete goods and returned here for our
growers, and they have to pay freight
both ways. This is an expense our peo.
pie ought not to bear as they pay
freight enough as it is. They can ob-
viate this by patronizing manufactur-
ers in the state and encouraging home
productions. If this was done by a
majority of our growers it would not
be long before all of the acid phosphate
used in this state would be mined.
ground and treated within our borders.
The following article from the Ameri-
can Fertilizer. shows to what extent
Florida phosphate is being mined and
"Florida has changed places with
South Carolina as the most important
factor in the world's supply of phos-
phate rock; the grade being so much
higher and mined in such large quan.
titles that it now controls foreign mar-
kets. the best shipments being made
from Fernandina. Tampa. Punta Gor-
da. Brunswick. Savannah, Pensacola.
Key West, Cedar Keys and Port Ing-
lis; all these places feel the benefit of
this trade. Large sums have been ex-
pended in fitting them up as exporting
"The great purity and high grade of
the Florida rock. combining all the de-
sired qualities, gets the preference
from the world's best customers. Eng-
land and Germany.
"The year started actively, with sev-
enty-five or more companies mining.
The movement was large and there
were purchases made for the years
1901 and 1902. The state had about
100.000 tons stock, most of which was
sold under contracts made in tlMI) to
be shipped as vessels would be sent for
It. Mining was phenomenal. Rock at
ld per unit abroad. More than 2.500.-
000 tons of hard rock have been mined
and sold since 18M0. Activity in busil-
ness attracted the attention of capi-
tal and more than one syndicate was
willing to pay $15,000.000 for control
of The business of the state, but min-
ing owners placed the price at $8.(0m.
000 to $10,000.000 higher. and all over.
"Seventy-eight to eighty per cent.
rock sold at Fernandina for $8..0 to $9S
a ton, and $13.12 to $13.83 c. i. f. Unit-
ed Kingdom or North Sea ports.
"In December, 1899. $111 was asked
for rock free on board vessels at Fer.
nandina and prices delivered aboard
$13 to $14 for Baltic ports.
"Early in the year 1900 hard rock
that had governed prices and ship-
ments were large, as follows:
January...... ........ .... 2..359
February.. .. ......... . 28,62:t
March. ................ .25.232
April ................... 52,370
May....... ..... ....... 52,870
June .................. 21,950
and prices fell In July to 8% to 8 3-4d
for hard rock; 7d for pebble rock.
August prices were 8% to 9d hard
rock, and 7d for pebble rock.
"The wars in Africa. the Philippines however, does not exist now. The ad- Women as Well as Men
and China disturbed business and the vance of fertilizer materials which took
activity of the opening year abated ina place last season is still on. Acid Are Made Miserable by
terially. The prices to-day for hard phosphate is quoted at even higher
rock are: For 78 to 0 per cent., 81/2 prices than at tle close of last season; Kidney Trouble.
to 8 3-4d; pebble. ;67 to 72 per cent.. kainit and other forns of potash are
7 1-4d. higher, and the scarcity and high
"Florida has lost no territory except, price of cotton seed indicate high price; Kidney trouble preys upon the mind, di
perhaps,. .Japan and Australia. In fu- of cotton seed meal and other amnion- couragesandlesens ambition: beauty, vigor
ture this area may be supplied from lates. Therefore, there seems to be and cheerfulnes son
tile ('hristmns Islands if the rates of every indli.ation that the advanced e ,t disppearwhen the kd-
freight will he reasonable enough to prices of tile close of last season will neys are out of order
allow business. The wants of the be forced on the manufacturers who or disease.
world grow apace with the supply and sell in the Mississippi territory, and become trouble
will not allow any large shrinkage in that the purchasers may expect an ad- thatitinot uommn
price or diminution in quantity now vance. It is not known how much the for a child to be born
mined :nd needed." prices will be advanced; but from pres- \ afflicted ith weak kid-
During the year of '98-'9. from Sep- ent Indications an advance of perhaps neys. If the child urin-
tmber to st there were $2 per ton on the best fertilizers would ates too often, if th
eber to Auu there were not be unreasonable, urine scalds the flesh or if, when the child
170 tons of phosphate rock shipped out reaches an age when it should be able to
of Florida. Where is the Potash? control the passage, it is yet afflicted with .
a "Where is the potash of the United bud-wetting, depend ipon It. the case of
Prices Did Advance. States?" asked Dr. Edward Atkinson, the difficulty is kidney trouble, and the first
of the scientists recently gathered in step should be towards the treatment of
Sour issue of november th we ad convention at olumbia university these important organs. This unpleasant
vised our readers as to the probable New York. "The world now depends trouble s dueto a diseased condition of th
advance in fertilizing materials. The for its entire supply upon a single kidneys and bladder and nt to a it as
advance catte sooner than we expect- mine in Saxony, and yet there should mos people suppose.
e "t .. .. IWomen as well as numa are made ms-
ed and higher prices now Drevail, ie vast deposits of that mineral in the e rble with kidney and bladder trouble,
Salklinlle and salt plains of this coun and both need the same gret remdy.
and are likely to remain thus until af- ,try. Where are they? It is the duty The mild and the imm-diate eff of
ter the planting season of next spring of geologists to find them. When the) Swamp-Root is soon realized. It is sold
is over. We should not be surprised I are discovered the geologists who find by druggsts. in fifty-
-jeq imas oS saiuom as :thelm 'tll confer a greater blessing cnt and one dollar
-stor Paqqe. while sOtill cheaper that upon tills country than they would bI sizes. You mav have a
tor Pomce. while still cheaper that unearthing all-the gold and silver it samplebottle by mail
cotton seed meal by $4.50 per ton, the world." free, alsopamphlettell- HIu. o e~-WM .
advanced $2.00 per ton, and the po- A few years ago Sir William Crookes g all a bout it, including many of the
mnace mills report everything theyvIstartled the world by the prediction thousands of testimonial letters received
m il that at no distant date the world's from sufferers cured In writing Dr. Kltmer
can produce until April. sold. So supply of nitrogen available for the & Co.. Binghamton. N. Y., be sum and
there is no relief from that quarter. growth of wheat would be exhausted m l this per"
All ammoniates are sympathetic. When
there is a rise or decline that is sub-
stantial in any one, the others gener-
Sales of Fertilizers in Mississippi.
The fertilizer situation in Mississippi,
as discussed by the "Southern Farm
Gazette." can not fail to prove of gen.
eral interest at this time. The con.
sumption of fertilizers in Mississippi
during the past season, as shown by
the state chemist's books, is about 50
per cent. more than ever before. This
was due largely to the advance ih%
price of cotton seed and meal. Very
little meal was used as fertilizer and
practically no seed except in territory
distant from railroads. Large quan-
ttites of commercial fertilizers were
bought to take the place of these. But
there is another cause for the large use
of fertilizers in the state, which can
easily be seen from the follow ing tablle
of sales for the different years -sinmc
there has been a state control of fei.ll-
Season of W13 .......... .. 25.;x0)
Season of 1895.. .......... 24.000
Season of 1895............ 19,5.00
Season of 1896i........ .... .27,5)0
Season of 1897............ :.2,,0
Season of 1898.... ........ 42.5.CO
Season of 1899............ S.l)0O
Season of 1900............ t:3.6(5I
It will be seen that there has been
a gradual and rapid Increase extending
through eight years, the quantity con
sumed being now almost three times
what it was then. The territory in
which fertilizers are used has been
gradually extending, and the rate of
increase is liable to continue until they
are used on all sandy and loam lands
in the state.
The prices at which fertilizers were
sold in the state last season were
much lower than in the Eastern
states. In Alabama. Georgia and the
Carolinas there was an advance ot
about $3 per ton for ammoniated fer-
tilizers over the Mississippi prices.
This advance in prices, though the oc-
casion for a great deal of complaint
was not entirely unreasonable, for
there was an actual advance in mater-
ials. which made it impossible for fac.
stories to manufacture goods at the old
prices. Of course, the factories gen-
erally bought their materials before
the advance, and it was simply a ques-
tion with them as to whether they
should advance their materials with
the market advance. This condition.
and crops could no longer be produced.
"Pea vine" farmers, however, have
quietly solved that problem by growing
legumninous crops, which accumulate
in their roots nitrogen from the all,
and thus enrich the land where they
are grown preparatory to other crops.
"The great reservoir of the atmosphere
is now available in combination with
phosphates and Iptash to maintain the
perpetual fertility of the soil." accord-
lug to Dr. Atkinson.
Phosphate has already been found ii
large quantity in the coast lands of
South Carolina. Florida and Georgia
and in Tennessee. Potash is now. the
problem that agriculture must fa,-e.
All the potash of the world is now sup-
plied by a mine at Stassfurt. Saxony,
Germany. This was discovered by ;.e
cident while salt was being bored lor.
Dr. Atkinsou says this history may
be repeated in the west. lie thinks
Iptash should be found by d'ep I or-
ings in the neighborhood of l,ose
springs of the West, which "ontain si,
much potassium that ranchers have to
keep their cattle from drinkin- the wta-
ters. It may also be found in the re-
gion extending from West Virginia to
the arid lands of New Mexico anld Ari-
We offer One Hundred Dollars Re-
ward for any case of Catarrh that can-
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
P. J. Cheney & Co., Proprs., Toledo,
We, the undersigned have known F.
J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and be-
lieve him perfectly honorable In all
business transactions and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by their firm.
West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists.
Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Whole-
sale Druggists, Toledo, Ohio.
Hall's Chtarrh is taken internally.
acting directly upon the blood and nmu-
cus surfaces of the system. Price 75c
per bottle. Sold by all druggists. Tes-
Hall's Family Pills are the bost.
SUGAR LAND FOR SALE
A desirable tract of land, admirably
adapted to cane or orange culture, 6
arpents front by 44 depth, a portion
of the old Nairn sugar plantation, sit-
uated on the west bank of the Missis-
sippi river about'60 miles'below New
The place is well drained, it being
cleared 16 arpents deep, and having on
it about 2000 small orange trees and 8
arpents plant cane. A comfortable
dwelling house. a large barn and a
number of head of live stock completes
the equipment of the place.
Should one desire to raise cane, a
ready market can be had for same, as
a railway connects it with two large
central sugar factories. For terms ap-
MRS. J. Y. GILMORE.
520 Poydras street. New Orleans.
Irate Father-Well. isn't that enough? What
more do you want?
Young Man-If it isn't too much trouble, sir.
I would like that piece df cloth.-Chicago
Used Three Hundred Tons a Year.
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonrille, Fl.
Gentlemen:- I have used your ferti
lizer ever since you began making it
and have used from 200 to 300 tons of
it a year before the freeze of 1894 and
1895. Since then have used it right
along on orange trees and there are no
better trees in the country than I have
to show. I also used your goods on
cantel6upes and tomatoes and I am wo
well pleased with results that I shall
plant from 20 to 40 acres of tomatoes
and 10 to 20 acres of canteloupes next
spring. That shows you what I think
of your goods. Yours truly.
DeLand. Fla.. Sept. 26. 1900.
Aluminum stoppers for bottles are
now being made at the rate of several
thousand pounds per week. The
blanks are cut from sheet metal, and
after shaping, rubber gaskets are
forced over them. Such stoppers have
retained the gas of effervescent fluids
for four years, while they are cheaper
than cork. and easily removed.
Irate Father (of pretty girl)-What is it pos-
sible you are here again after the treatment
you received last night. B a
Young Man-Yes, sir. When you kicked me In tie. Sold by m s
down stairs and ste the dog on me, the animal
tore a large piece from my trousers.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
DNPAIRT&RE Or ORINAXMETAL
HOBTICU LTURB. a
BY W. C. STEELE.,
This department is called the Floral
Department. but that title is really not
sufficiently comlirehens!ie. We of- 1
ten describe and discuss plants which
do not flower, but are ornamental.
For this reason we have had the
heading changed to a name that cov-
ers all branches and hereafter it will
be known as the Department or Orna-
Bene or Benne and Ben.
Editor Floral Departnent:
Referring to answered inquiry in
your issue of Nov. 7.
Owing to similarity in name a misun-
derstanding exists regarding the above
that it will be well to correct. The two
plants are entirely distinct. The first
is an herbaceous plant, Sesamum Indl-
cum, grown extensively in India. where
the seed is known as Teell seed." and
affords an-oil used for domestic pur-
poses. Also grown in the Southern
states, where the seed is used for
thickening soups and as an addition to
The second approaches the character
of a tree. The name, "Ben" properly
belongs to Moringa aptera. It is sup-
posed to afford a watch oil, though this
M. pterygosperma is the "Horse-Rad-
ish tree" and does not yield an avail-
able oil. See Kew Bulletin for Jan.
"Benne oil" and "oil of Ben" are very
C. H. Baker.
We are very much obliged to Mr.
Baker for the above note and informa-
tion therein contained.
Mr. Baker is correct as to the Oil of
Ben and Benne Oil being distinct.
As to the source of Oil of Ben
some confusion and contradiction
of authorities seems to exist. We
showed the albve note to Mr.
Painter, who referred us to the Stand-
ard Dictionary iFunk & Wagnall's)
which is counted good authority. Un-
der the head of "Ben oil." it is said to
be made from the seed of Moringa
Von Mueller In his "Select Extra
Tropical Plants." says of M. ptery-
'The long nods are edible: the seeds
are somewhat almond-like and rich in
oil." Of M. aptera he only says. it is
found from Abyssinia and Egypt to
Arabia and Syria. No mention of oil.
Henderson's Hand Book of Plants.
says of them:
"The fruit of this species. M ptery-
gosperma, is called 'Ben Nuts,' from
which is expressed a fluid oil. called
'Oil of Ben.' used by watchmakers."
Of the Sesamum. Henderson gives
the specific name as S. oriental. but
Von Mueller gives it as Indicum.
Henderson says of It:
"This species was. and is yet to some
extent, considerably grown for the oil.
called 'Gllgelly. Oil.' the seed yields.
which oil will keep many years with-
out acquiring any rancid taste or smell.
When first made it is quite heating.
and is used as a stimulant: but after
two or three years it becomes quite
mild. and is used as a salad oil. The
seed are also used by the negroes for
food. which they prepare in various
ways. In Janan the oil is used as we
use butter in cooking."
The Cyclopedia of Am. Horticul-
ture says of Moringa Oleifera. former-
ly caned M. pterygosperma. "The seeds
(called ben-nuts) yield an oil, which is
more or less used in the arts."
Who shall decide when doctors dis-
igree? The Bulletins of Kew Gardens
ire usually counted good authority, yet
lere are other good authorities on the
]alms and Ferns.
As Miss St. John wishes to see some
articles on Palms ahd Ferns in the
Floral Deuartment. and as the editor
iopes to receive a largi tilner of an-
swers. we should all contribute our
There are those who hesitate about
owning Palms for fear they will not
make a success of their culture. They
entertain the idea that there is some
secret about the successful growth of
them. Now. they appear to ie :as eas-
ily grown as any pot plant. and wlat
so ornamental as a stately ['alm. For
decorative purposes tihe, ;ire unsur-
passed. A fine specimen will command
the attention of any otaw,
Their cultural directions are simple:
Rich. heavy soil, rather small, deep
pots and plenty of water in their grow-
season. During winter the soil should
be kept only moist. Their foliage
should be kept free from dust at all
Sometilles scale attacks them. which
Imay lie removed by scrubbing them
with a tooth brush diplped ill soapsuds.
P. .1. Berekmnans says large plants
should be repotted in February. and
small ones twice during slminer.
Areca Lutescens is one of the most
beautiful and valuable Palms. It has
rich golden stems with pinnate leaves.
Cocos Weddeliana. This little Palm
is a general favorite. In all stages of
development it is a perfect little gem.
The leaves are whitish green on the
under side and they arch most grace-
fully. After a shower bath it almost
seems to shake its feathers. For table
decoration it is very highly prized,
and lends an air of beauty wherever
Latania Barbonlca iChinese Fan
Paln). This is the most popular Palm
in cultivation. and responds to kind
treatment very quickly. Two small
spieintrnms were sent the writer. They
retained their first leaves and. perhaps.
two characterized leaves for a long
time. They looked forlorn and ap-
peared to lie homesick. At last. they
were separated and fertilized and then
they began to grow and their growth
appeared to he phenomenal. One
stands int a water pail and has thirteen
beautiful leaves and another one cotm-
ing. A halo of beauty appears to sur-
Seafortlia Elegans is an elegant
slwecies and very popular for decora-
Kentia Belmorenna (Curly-l.eaveal
Palm). This is a graceful Palm with
beautifully curved and reflexed pinite.
Only a few sliecies of :Ilis eletga,"
genus of plants have lieen mentioned.
Ferns.-No type of pure beauty int
foliage is so generally admired as4he
Fern. We associate them with bab-
bling brooks, mossy dells and rocky
bottoms, where interwining branches
form a cool retreat.
Moisture. shade and rich soil appear
to meet the requirements of the Fern.
Maiden-Hair, (Adlantum cuneatum)
Who does not love the "Maiden-Hair.'
with its dark. green foliage suspended
like a crown above its glossy. black
Adlantum Farleyense. By some this
is called the double "Maiden-Hair."
It is considered the finest of all the
The "Boston Fern" is very popular
and deservedly so. Itt makes rapid
growth and soon forms a fine speci
Each and every specimen has its owr
attraction. East Florida.
Beautify Your Farms.
The following from the Farm an(
Fireside is worthy of careful atten
tion. The idea is a good one ant
should he carried-out so far as possi
ble. Of course. under some circum
stances it can not be done and to
those all can make excuses:
"There are so many ways of en-
hancing the beauty of the farm, and
with so little trouble and expense, that
it Is to be wondered at that the major-
ity of farmers do not take advantage
of them. Many unsightly pools near
the roadside might be made lovely by
sowing grass to the edge of the pond
and having flags, cat-tails and water-
lilies growing in and around the wa.
ter. It takes no more nourishment
from thle land to grow a good grape.
vine on the fence than it does the
weeds we so often see. Apple. cher-
ry and plum trees standing outside of
the fence cost no more after planting
than does the box-elder or willow, re-
quiring only an occasional pruning.
Wire fences, which are so popular
now. make a very suitable support for
tile grape-vine and such other vines
as the columbine, the bittersweet,
climbing roses or clematis. The wood-
bine or Virginia creeper (Amipelopsis
quinquefolia.-Ed.) would be especially
good as a beautifier. being a vivid
green all suinimer and a flaming red all
through tile autumn.
"Walnut. butternut and hickory
trees interspersed with vines, lilac.
snowball and syringa bushes and an
occasional fruit tree would not only
enhance the beauty of the farm, but al-
,o tile value of it. Tills ornamental
and useful growth by the wayside
would be anI agreeable change from
white clover and many obnoxious
, weeds. Then. to have such lovely
things to give away (for one would ex-
pect the passer-by to partake of them)
would in itself fill the generous soul
with delight. There might be many
who would abuse these privileges at
first, but if fruit and flower culture
by the roadside ca(l he practiced in
Gtermany. and none molests or abuses
this privilege, it appears to me that
in our own beautiful nation. with all
its lovely school system, we should
lse able to reach the rising generations
ro respect so noble and generous a feel.
ing that would prompt :I farmer to not
only beautify his farm for others, but
to give to tlhe weary traveler i royal
Another writer in the same paper
brings out another phrase of the same
salbject. His object is not o, much or-
it:llalentati.ilj. as adding to the comfort
of those wh11o have to work in the
house. Yet the result is ithe same:
Setting Shade Trees.-I may say too
mulch lon the point of care of the
grounds about the home. having men.
tioned this matter several times in
these columns: but farmers continue
to neglect the setting of shade trees in
so many cases that insistence may be
a virtue. We have had a very hot sum-
mer. and city folks rushed to summer
resorts by the tens of thousands. Far-
mers' wives as a rule remained at
home from necessity. There was work
that could not be neglected, and often-
times money is not plentiful. Was tlhe
work done in a home that was made
reasonably cool by the presence of a
few shade trees that kept the direct
rays of the sun on the house a portion
of the day? There must be sunshine
for the sake of health, but for personal
comfort the air about a home should
Sbe cooled by some good shade. There
Share too many-far too many-farm
houses without any decent shade. Set
some trees, not oddities from a distance
that may not grow, but good. honest
forest varieties. They cost nothing and
are surest to grow. After them come
the purely ornamental trees and
shrubs. Every farmer may have a
neat lawn and pleasant shade, and
These help to make a very plain house
Mrs. De Kanter-You said you were
going to be detained at your office ill
the evening, but you weren't there.
Now, where were you?
Mr. De Kanter-My dear. there's no
sense in your getting excited. It real-
Mrs. De Kanter-Why don't you an-
swer my question?
Mr. DeKanter-My dear. I would
answer your question if I was sure you
wouldn't question my answer.-Phila-
tent cough is
friend, for it
ing of the ap-
proach of a
before it is
too late, be-
fore y o u r
Slung s be-
doctor says, "Consump-
4tiOn." When the danger
signal first appears, help
t nature with
Don't Celay until your
lungs are sore and your
cold settled down deep
in your chest. Kill the
enemy before the deadly
blow kills you. Cure
your cough today.
One dose brings relief.
A few doses make the
Thaie.s:l 25k.r fawlu e m raMy
SOc. fr the barder mlds; I." the ist
emasmical h emldr cases.
"I consider your Cherry Peetsral
the best remedy for colds and
coughsl and all throat affections.
1 have nsed it for 30 years aLd It
certainly beats them all."
). ITE LoeUMa
Dec. 0 1896. Union, ii. .
If you have ann rom:'atntwhateve
and le.i-e thi twist oi-riebal advice yea
a.n ps.ihly receive. write the doctor
fr-lv. l.o will receive a pro lpt -
ply, without coast. Address
DR. J. C. AYER. Lowelll Uass.
Reports Satisfactory Results.
E. O. Painter & ('o.. Jackslorille. Fla.
tGetlemmeien:- IDrint the past three
or four years we have been using your
fertilizers exclusively for vegetables.
pitealpples and oranges anld we are
very much pleased with the results.
Have had the opportunity to recom-
mend your fertilizers several times to
other growers. and they also report
satisfactory results. Yours very truly.
Clifford Orange Co.
Citra. Fla.. Sept 20. 1000.
OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and stricture without the aid of knife
or cautery. cures in 90 per cent. of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nevoun Disorders. KId-
ny and Urinary Complaints. Paraly-
sis. Blood Poisoning. Rheumatism. Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women.
be is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice is more than double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
clans, rapidly yield to his treatment.
Write him to-day fully about your case.
He makes no charge for consultation
or advice, either at his office or hr
mail. .. Newton Hathaway. M. P. 21
Rrvan Striat Srvynnah. On
Sharple's Cream Separators-Profit
720 .THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Entered at the post-office at DeLand. Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday. and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
teests of her people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
One year, single subscription.... ......$2. l
Six months, single subscription..... ... 1.00
Single copy.. ........................... .5
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
Articles relating to any topic within the
ope of this paper are solicited.
e cannot promise to return rejected manu-
scrit unless stamps are enclosed.
communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of ood faith. No anonymous con-
'ributioo will be regarded:
Money should be sent by Draft7 Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand. or Registered Let-
ter, 'therwise the publisher will not be re-
spomn.ble in case of loss. When personal
ecks are used exchange must be added.
Only I and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper, must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the address
of their paper chanced MUST give the old as
well as the new address.
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 28. 1900.
Elsewhere in this number, we pulb-
lish the Governor's Thanksgiving pron -
lamatlon. This proclamation is iand
should be more thoroughly follow-d ai
heart and deed than any other procla-
mation issued by His Excellency,. tiee
Florida has much to be thankful for,
one of the most important being the
fact that the year is nearly to a close
and no epidemic of yellow fever has
visited any part of her domain. Com-
merce has gone on uninterrnDted
traveling from one section to another
has not been hindered, and nothing
has happened to mar the business rr-
lations of one section with another.
Only those who have suffered the loss
and inconvenience caused by an epi-
demic, can fully realize what a bless-
ing it is to have escaped its deadly
The past season, as a whole, has
been a favorable one, and the orange
trees in the middle portion of the
state have grown most wonderfully,
and have seemed to be making an ef-
fort to catch up'with what was lost by
the cold of last winter. The groves in
the southern part of the state have giv-
en a bountiful yield and good prices
are being realized and everything
points to a very prosperous season.
Many of the farmers have more ac-
tual money in hand from crops than
they have seen. for years, and conse-
quently are prepared to serve on the
Thanksgiving altar, their biggest tur-
key, fattest shoat, or plumpest lamb,
garnished with the other good things
that the farm affords, and can and
should give hearty thanks to the Giver
for the bounteous prosperity.
While we are giving thanks for all
the great blessings that we have and
now do enjoy, let us not be too much
wrapped up in self. Let us think of
those who have not been so fortunate
There are among us, the sick, who pos-
sibly have not known what it Is to
walk out doors for months. Can we
not send them good cheer with flowers
or a book to read or a kind message ot
They may be surrounded with a
nice home of their own and flowers too,
but those flowers sent from friends
away, have a delicate beauty and de-
licious fragrance that the home-grown
flowers do not possess. They tell itf
thoughtfulness of others.
There may be some deserving pioo
in your neighborhood that do not know
the taste of turkey or the other good
things that may adorn your table.
Can you not share a itt!e witl them.
They would feel truly thankful for the
remembrance, and you in turn, would
feel thankful that you could thus givew
pleasure to the less fortunaz tlsit
yourself and fully realize that it i!
"More blessed to give thaa to receive "
The price of common horses has leen
very low for several years back. The
demand of the Spanish war, and more
lately. for export to the South Africar
war. advanced prices to a fair figure
But during all the depression of thi
market, there has never been a time
when good-sized horses of fine appear
anlce. with a good lively gait, could
not be readily sold at a price that pail
the breeder well. Heavy draugh
horses sell still better. A well-match
ed team of fine carriage horse i:
worth a small fortune.
Kentucky has long been famous for iti
famous horses, yet they have to house
and feed their stock three or found
months out of every year. We see n
reason why equally good horses ma
not be raised in Florida at much less
expense. It may seem preposterous tq
compare Florida pastures with those o
the famous "Blue-grass" region o
Kentucky, yet we believe that a pas
ture can be made here. by the use o
St. Lucie or Bermuda grass, that if no
fully equal to Blue-grass, would b
such a good substitute that the result
would be a great surprise to the worl<
at large. There are few days in th
year when horses could not run on th
pasture. It is a business that deserve
careful attention, and we believe tha
it could be made profitable. In year
gone by, the raising of marsh ponie
was a profitable and successful bus:
ness and it seems to us to only nee
some one with good business tact an
an understanding of horse flesh t
make the raising of the better breeds
We are glad to announce that wit
this week's issue we commence a Vet
erinary Department, edited by Dr. W
E. French, V. S., of Daytona, Fla. D]
French is a graduate of the Ontarl
Veterinary College, of Toronto, Cans
da. and has for some time made Flo
ida his home, and is making a careft
and thorough study bf the different di
eases of horses and cattle in this statm
and we believe will be of inestlmabl
value to our people, as the cattle ii
terest is growing with each year an
will continue to grow as our people
learn better how to manage them an
to control the diseases to which the
are subject. Any of our subscriber
who have horses, mules, cows, etc
that are diseased, can write Dr. Frene
full particulars and an answer of
General nature will be made through very glad to learn this, and 1 am sure
the Veterinary Department. that all of your readers will be also
* pleased. I do not think that I ever
Glen St. ary Catalogue. i stated in print that there was a single
We have us received the 101 nursery tree in Polk country, infested
We have just received the 1901 cat- with whi'e fly. If I did so, it was a
alogue of the Glen St. Mary Nurseries. mistake, for I never in my life saw a
which as usual, is replete with valu- white fly. and I trust I never may. Mr.
able information and a large and varl- Klemm being on the spot, should be in
ed list of fruit and ornamental trees, a position to speak from personal ob-
servation, and must know the exact
all systematically arranged, so that any condition of things. My warning
one can readily find just what they are was merely a general caution to all or-
looking for. The catalogue, besides ange growers to be sure that wherever
being full of interesting matter is a they bought trees from, there.should
be no white fly. Yoou
gem in the art preservative. The half John B. laeh.
tone pictures are little gems and the or- *
anges and grapefruit can be plainly Why Beef Has Advanced in Price
seen on the trees in the nursery row. E iltor Florida Africulturist:
In 1890 there were far more beet cat-
The grove, nursery rows and ornamen, tie In the United States than now. The
tal shrubbery make very pretty pic decrease has not been caused by lack
tures. The printing on antique laid of profit in the business, but by reason
paper with antique type, gives the book of lack of pasturage. The question ot
pasturage is becoming very important
just a little tinge of eighteenth cen to the cattle men. The number of
tury work, but the catchy headlines acres required to support one unit of
and arrangement of subjects, places stock (one steer or five sheep) is sur-
the work strictly up-to-date. It is well rising. It is different in different lo-
worth the perusal of any one interested caitie. Here is a sample:
Florida .............20.50 acres.
Sin fruit trees or ornamental shrubbery. Texas.. .... ....24.72 acres.
SMr. Tabor can hand his 1901 catalogue California.. .........3.5.63 acres.
to a customer or friend with just pride. New Mexico ........ 53.27 acres.
a Arizona .............122.24 acres:
Thanksgiving Proclamztlon. Colorado....... ....123.15 acres.
Governor Bloxham has issued the Nevada..............145.65 areas.
following proclamation: Statistics are not a good substitute
"In accordance with the time-honor- for a well laden table. One sits down
ed custom, and In conformity with the to a meal and sees in front of him a
Proclamation of the President of the nice piece of beef or mutton, he does .
United States. I, W. D. Bloxham, not stop to think of the vast area or
d Governor of the State of Florida, do acreage that it took to create that
t recommend the observance of Thurs- meat and bring it to perfection. Flor-
day, the 29th day of November, pres- ida, it seems, is richer than most ot
ent. as a day of Thanksgiving and the cattle states in forage plants.
praise to Almighty God for His mer- Then in addition to its forage plants,
cy and-great goodness vouchsafed to the southern part of the state grows
s our state and people. cassava, which makes animal fat more
e "We have just passed through a rapidly than any other known root
great and exciting political contest food. Florida has the advantage and
involving our entire country, and the its cattleman can more quickly get his
o absence of disorder or lawlessness al animals in that condition where the
Y the polls and the quiet acceptance of world will pronounce them finer beet
s the verdict, again evidences the ca- than the cattlemen of any other a>rt
Spacity of the American people for self- of the Union. For the past ten Vears
government, the supply of beef cattle has bean dc-
t "Florida's agricultural, manufactur- creasing. This table tells the story of
f ing, commercial, transportation and the decrease:
other industrial developments are mov- Total Cattle. Per looo.
f ing forward with most gratifying suc- of Pop.
cess. I1.........36,849,024.... .. 589
t "Her population during the last de. 1891 ........36,875,648.. ....57
e cade has shown an increase greater 1892........37,651,239.. ......573
t than any of her southern sisters, with 1893.. .... .35,954,196........ .58
d one exception, and her people are 1894.... ... 36,08,168...... ..531
steadily growing more prosperous. 1895........34,364.166.. .....488
e "Her educational and benevolent in- 1890.... ....32,085.409.. .... .446
e stitutions of all kinds are increasing, 1897.. .. .. ,30,508,408 ... ..414
s and constantly spreading their elevat- 1898...... ..29,264,000........389
t lug and benign influence over our peo- 1899........27,994,225.. ......38
pie. 1900.... .. ..27,152.215...... -... 324
s "Life. liberty and property within These figures make the situation
s the limits of Florida, are as secure as clear. For the past seven years the
I- In any portion of the Union, our citi- number of cattle available for food
d zens as law abiding, and peace and has fallen off over 10,000,000 and the
d order are governing forces, by the in. population of the country has increas-
fluence and example of an elevated cit- ed in a greater proportion than the -at-
o Izenshio. tie have fallen off. There is now less
a "In recognition of these and num. beef per capital than there was seven
erous other blessings, and having sle- years ago. The trouble is that ti ere is
cia" thought and care for the unfortu- no lack of profit in the business, but
nate, let Thanksgiving Day be one ot those interested in stock racing do not
h praise and rejoicing, and be observed know where to find pasture for their
in places of public worship and in our cattle, and many for that reason, have
t- homes, by such suitable services as been compelled to go out of the bus-
T. will show our gratitude to the great ness. The food cattle sunply is one-
r. Giver of all good. third less than what it was in -1802.
0o "In testimony whereof, I have here- UInder such circumstances, the price of
unto set my hand, and caused to be af- 'beef is bound to advance. It is claim
- fixed the great seal of the state at ed that the cattle men in the far West
r- Tallahassee, the capital, this 9th day are advocating the annexation of Mex-
il of November, A. D. 1900, and of the ico to the United States, asserting as
s- Independence of the United States the an argument in favor of it, that the
one hunded and twenty-fifth year. plains of Mexico are rich in good grass-
e, "William D. Bloxhamn, es for forage and are now but little
Ie "Governor State of Florida. in use. There iB no doubt but what
I- "By the Governor-Attest: the-annexation of Mexico would hare
d "John L. Crawford, Sec. of State." a tendency to bring down the price of
e beef and other meats.
S White Fly and Mr. Beach. Florida is a great cattle state. It to
d Editor Florida Agriculturist: rich in pasturage. Then it can grow
y West Palm Beach, Nov. 19, Igoo. cassava in the southern arrt, which
r Gentlemen:-I am in receipt of a let- none of the other stock states can do.
ter from A. M. Klemm of Winter Hay. The J.cksonville Times-Union and Cit.
en, stating to the best of his knowl. izen says: "With an all-year-round
h edge, there is not a nursery in Polk ration of green forage and cassava, we
a county infested with white fly. I am can make the tender juicy beef and
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 72
mutton which the market goers much
prefer to the grain-fed meats of winter
climates. English mutton, fed on tur.
nips is notoriously superior to Amerl-
can mutton fed on corn. Turnips cat:
not be grown in America so well as it.
the damp climate of England; but cas-
sava is equally succulent and more nu-
tritious, and It can be grown in out
climate, together with green forage,
practically all the year through."
DeSoto county, Florida, has nearly
as many cattle within its bounds as
the whole of the rest of the state. One
man has 40,000 or more in DeSoto's
free pastures. The stockmen in that
oart of the state are alive to their in-
terests and have their large herds
that are looked after and properly
cared for. In the state, the stock bus-
.Iness could be largely Increased, and
In Po may Interfere with the growing
of fruits. In fact. the two avocations.
cattle raising and fruit growing, are of
that nature that one person can easily
follow both at the same time.
The consumer should not be in haste
to denounce the dealers for the rise in
price of beef. Cuba furnishes a mar-
ket for all the surplus beef of Florida,
The great meat dealers of Chicago,
Kansas City and other towns have for
the past year or more got all the beet
and mutton from Florida that they
In 1899 there was a surplus in the
crops of wheat. corn, oats, barley, rye
and cotton. The total value of the
combined crop of the six staples was
$1,861.100.000, nearly two billions ot
dollars. It seems a hardship. when ev-
erything is so plenty that there is a
great surplus, that beef should become
scarce and the price thereof be high-
er than for years before. Why is it?
The whole answer is In these words:
there Is a shortage of pasture. Some
one may perhaps see a remedy.
Avon Park, Fla.
The Value of Pets.
Did you ever think what a very great
deal- t means to a boy to be the owner
of a dog? Not a stupid pug. or a fret.
ful poodle, but a jolly, rough-and-tum-
ble. scampish sort of dog, ossessing
a large fund of humor, and roof
against thumps? Or did you ever es.
tlmate what a humanizing effect is pro-
duced upon the most harum-ecartm
girl by having a kitten, or bird, de-
pending union her thoughtful care for
its little lifes There never was a prop-
erly constituted boy or girl who did
not yearn for some pet, which should
he all their "very own." and upon
which they could expend an ample
stock of surplus affection. If you are
wise. mothers, you will Indulge this
craving. The house may not be so spot-
ssly neat as you would prefer it:
there may be times when you are
tempted to vote the children's pet a
nuisance. But did you ever think that
your children can learn no harm from
dumb companions? They can romp
all day with pussy or doggie, and they
are all the better for it and none the
worse. Do not deny them the joys of
having plets; only Insist that they
hail accept responsibility in the mat-
ter. The mother who permits her child.
dten to neglect the helpless creatures
with which they amuse themselves Is
severely to be blamed. And do not
laurh at the little ones for their fond
Idealism concerning pets. In my own
childhood I was once very much
crushed by a stern rebuke administer.
ed to me for my folly in wondering
what a favorite horse thought upon
certain subject which I imagined it
to he considering. Folly is a great deal
of life. Is it not? Let the children en-
joy the happy, foolish present. Indoor
dave are rapidly nearing us. and you
will have to sacriflee a little of your
housewifely pride. if you want the lit.
tle folks to be hanpy. They will race
their four-footed friends up and down
stairs. sadly disquieting your nerves
perhaps, but never mind. You win
have your reward in their being happy
and cotented.-Beatrice Clayton In
Can't you win one of our premiums?
Gave Entire SatlftcJtlon
B. O. Painter A Co.. Jackoarille, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure In say.
Ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my charge
has given entire satisfaction and you
may confidently look for a continu-
ance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford, Fla., October 5th. 1900.
RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 2 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
kVRITE--to J. D. BELL, St. Petersburg. Fla.
for pineapple plants. 41xl
ORAN OE WRAPS--For ale cheap. Write
to JULIUS SMITH. Eusis, Fla. 4ix0.
M'NDAL PEAS-Selected seed corn.-
SMnl.e 'two cerits. W. H. MANN.
Mannville. Fla. 46x52
SALT SICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. 'MANN, Mann-
vinle, Fa. 10l31-O
FOR SALE at a targaln-Suan small
mules. Good order. Apply to BILAS B.
WRIGHT. DeLand, *Fla. 47l50.
ORANGE AND GRAPEFItUIT trees
on sweet, sour and graetfrult stock,
for sale ast low prices. A. C. HATNht..
DeLand. Fla. 47Tt
KUMQU-AI'S WANW1FD--Htghest cash
paid for Imaquat fru (oblong variety)
in any quantity. Shfp soon as colored.
JAS. CARNELL, Ormond, Fla. 47x49.
FOR SALE- Nurery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangrine.
Box 74L Orlando, Fla. 4t
CAMSAVA SEED mFOR SALE-Purchaser
nay bid on them standing In 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROU-L, Glenwood, Fla.
PINEAPPLE PLANTS--or sale--Smooth
Cayenne. Abalka and Enille City. JAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. 3t
SMOOTH CAYENNE-Pineapple plants for
sale. DuPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg,
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good size plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale,
ORANGE TREES-We have now ready for
delivery, large one and two Year buds on
rough lemon. WINTER HA EN NUR-
FOR SALB-Cbeap- l-acre orange grove:
good crop; 1)d miles trom Tampa on aed
road; gu:st rideoce. AddreM P. J LA-
PBNOTIBRB, Tampa. Fla.
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park. Lake county. Fla. offers for July
planting 2 varieties of 2 and 3 year itrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tf
FOR SALE--4TS Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address, P. M. H. care Agriculturist. Le-
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Maron county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap pnor to December 20. 42tf
ORANGE, IOMELO AND LEMON TREES
-on sour or trifoliata stocks, for summer and
fall shipment. Large assortment fine trees.
Write fur prices. ( LLN ST. MAR\ NULk
SERIES. G. L. Taber. Proprietor. Glen St.
.Mary, F:a. 31:1
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett,
Prop. Tampa, Fla.. 40,,JW Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion I'ine-
apple, 'langenne and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so-
`-OR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Best quality. Low prices. Address THE
GRIFFIN BROTHERS Company, Jack.
sonville. Fla. 41tf
WVANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons. Plums.
Pears. Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
phor trees. Roses. Ornamentals, etc. Cain
logue free. Address, THE. GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville. Fla.
WANTED CASSAVA Th Planters'
Manufacturing "Co., Lake Mary, Fla.,
win be gtad to correspond with all per-
sons wish'rpr to sell CASSAVA this fall,
either for cash or In exchange :or CAR-
SAVA FEED. Early arrangements will
be of vnule to growers and WE PAY
THE FiREIGHT. P. G. PERKINS.
PreMdes t. 4zj..
CONSIG ORANGES TO
PORTER BROS. CO.,
WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.
CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $25o,ooo.oo.
NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS. ST. PAUL.
PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE In Jcksonville is for re-
ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the r.orth..rn houses of
POR I ER BR i<. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication .
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
0 4 EXPRESS and CARLOAD sipmets of STRAWBERRIES iad VEGETABLES shboald
' det to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stcncils Market Quest-,
t nms, a General lastrctions for sUipplag Florida products suppled from the Jasksonvlle eofBc.
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank........... 12 03
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
,f, B Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 56'
Sli arrel spray Pump. com-
Splete with hose, etc ......... 16 00
SClimax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc............... 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc............ 20.70
Myers' alifornia Favorite,
Insefptlcides: Lime. Sulphate of Oop-
per (B.uestone), -ulphur. etc. -
Pine and B or Or age Boxes,
SShaved 3 re H tops. t. aB Onrm
K Red Hoops, allnal and COalee
Orange wraps, cement Oo ted ax
S ails, MPa apple, BM, Cantaloupm
Oabbale a"d other Crates; Tusato
C a rler Lttuae AakeMit, sto.
Imperial Powsand Caltivatorm6te.
Catalo.aeU d .rxe li"t on apl-
Boom 18 Robinson'Bldg.
We have a full supply of
all the best varieties of Or-
r == ages Pomelos, Kumquats,
etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. Can show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.
GLEN ST.MARY NURSERIES,
O. L. TABER, Proprietor,
Glen St. Mary,
TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.
ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen ShrIbs, Crotons, Bedd ag
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
RUITLAN NURSRIS P.. BERCMANSCO, A......
.a4#-E 1856N P.CO, ,Arusa, Ga.
2 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
All communications or inquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.
Among a large class of our rural pop-
ulation it is the custom to prepare a
sumptuous meal and entertain lavish-
ly on Sunday. This is usually one of
their greatest pleasures, and might
be much greater for all concerned if
they could be content with a meal that
was prepared the day before.
The mistress, who either does the
cooking or superintends it, has had
very little lime for recreation during
the week, (when does a farmer's wife
ever have much leisure?) and
she needs a rest from her la-
bors on that day just as much
as do the other members of the house-
hold. It would take some trouble to
do the work on Saturday, but most of
It could be done while attending to the
various duties about the house on Sat-
urday morning. It does not take much
extra trouble to boil a ham or bake a
fowl. Cakes and pastry require a lit-
tle more trouble, but are always more
palatable for having been prepared the
day before. The vegetables could be
cooked while breakfast is preparing,
and while the necessary housework
is being done. The dining room could
then be set in order, and with all these
details off her mind, she could quietly
enjoy the sermon, or the society of her
family and friends, instead of having
to work and worry over the dinner.
and finding Sunday the most wearying
day of the week and the one to be
Items of Interest.
Il washing delicate colors, it is a
good plan to add a little turpentine to
the tepid water. This will prevent the
colors from fading.
Tucked skirts are still worn. some-
times being made with a box pleat on
each of the front and side seams.
These are stitched on each edge, the
front ones to within six or eight Inches
from the hem, and each succeeding
pleat being stitched about three or
four Inches shorter than the first ones.
Some skirts have knife pleating in
graduated lengths and some have circu-
lar flounces, arranged on the skin
with graduated tucking.
The Russian shirt waist or blouse
promises to be the prevailing style
In shirt waists. The Russian Jacket
Is also quite popular and is very be.
coming to slight erect figures.
Reds and Oxford greys are the most
fashionable colors for the season. Red
hats and waists are especially nrett.v
and usually very becoming.
Fruit or vegetable stains on the
hands can be removed by using some
kind of acid, such as lemon, vinegar or
sour milk. Rub the acid on the stains
before the hands are washed.
That Boy's Clothes.
He had been teaching in the country,
and let me assure you, the country in
Florida is quite different from North-
ern country places, and when he came
home for vacation, his clothes were "a
sight to behold." as Grandma Perkins
used to say.
The people where he boarded used
some kind of home-made soap and
whether that fact or the natural care-
lessness of the wash-woman were to be
blamed for the results could not be
known, but the fact remained that his
linen, and in fact his whole walrdote.,
was In a deplorable condition.
The shirts, collars and cuffs pre-
sented a dingy, yellow appearance,
while the underwear was a decided
gray. This could not be tolerated af-
ter his "return to civilization," as he
termed it, so the large wash-Dot was
filled with soft water, a generous al-
lowance of pearline added and the
whole outfit of what formerly were
white clothes was put in to boil. After
boiling one hour they were rubbed,
rinsed and hung out on the line to dry
in the sun and wind. It is almost un-
necessary to add that the result was
entirely satisfactory, the clothes com-
ing to the ironing table beautifully
It seems strange that all women do
not learn to take proper care of cloth-
ing. but as the owner of this outfit re
marked. "It is fortunate that some
other women know how to remedy the
bad results of such ignorance."
Choice Household Linens.
There are few articles of household
furnishings in which the careful an
thrifty housewife takes more genuin
delight than she does in a supply of
beautiful table damask. To be the pos
sessor of a well-arranged linen close
stored with fine snow-white napery i
one of the ambitions of every nev
housekeeper who enjoys in anticipation
the vision of a well appointed table o
which she shall be the head. Whet
money is plentiful she can indulge t<
her heart's content her pet fancies ii
styles and patterns, fringes or hem
stitching and embroidered monograms
But where economy is necessary their
are several items to be taken into ac
count when buying. As table linen i
an article which must be laundered s
frequently, and as the wear it receive
in washing is more destructive than it
actual use. the first requisite is durabi
ity. This is largely determined by th
weight, which depends upon the num
her of threads in a certain space, an
this again upon their fineness an
twist. Too few threads in a give
space make an open, flimsy cloth, t
which weight and stiffness must b
given by a kind of size known as dress
ing. This disappears immediately i
water and must be renewed with eac
washing by starch. Very fine thread
break easily and are not suited t
hard wear: very coarse threads giv
weight but not beauty and are difficu
to launder nicely. A closely wove
cloth of medium threads, giving ave
are weight, will require no starch an
give the best service and appearance
for ordinary wear. Heavy. fine cloth
are the luxuries of the ordinary
household-the treasures of which th
housekeeper is proud to possess one
two. Another consideration in dur
ability is the bleach. Natural bleat
still excels any chemical proceo
known. There are two kinds of na
rural bleach-grass bleach and sno
bleach. Of these the grass bleach
the more durable, although in appeal
ance it is next to impossible to dil
Makes the food more delicmam and wbolesom
I sayS -~ mecca cm. in I
tinguish between them. Grass bleach- A W ImanB's Duty '
ing Is of course done in the summer.
which prepares the best cloths for the
winter trade. In the large cities, TO HERSELF AND TO HER HUSBAND
where the dealers make a point not to AND CHILDREN.
carry stock over from one season to
another, the January and February mer Health Msheos b tihe Pmls oi
sales are almost entirely of grass *Merumr -Thk Negleet or Tate s
bleached linen, making that the best thm ca-e of many Cheer lsem
time of the year to replenish the home motherlm H es.
supply. Experience is necessary- to ronm the Preu Grnd Baplds MicA.
distinguish between the natural and Thouauds of women endure the tortuma
artificial bleach. There is a soft silky of living death sad at last sueeumb to the
appearance, and a firm unyielding feel- diseases peulir to their ex hwithot knmw-
iing, suggesting solid wear In the nt ing of the life and health which i theirs if
ng, suggesting solid wear in the nat. they use Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pa
rural bleached cloth differing from the People, an ever faithful remedy that em
high glaze and rather cracky stiffness where all other fail. Sad is the sight ad
of the artificial bleach. In point of pathetic is the story of thousands of
fineness, beauty of weave and finish, mothers who eveiryg lileae carried to t
h n firstlan lime children to strth le
Irish damasks rank first nd the alone in the world without the tender ear
Scotch second. French damasks come and wie counsel ofa mother. And how de
in cloths only. and not by the yard, I wloier whea it
and are rather thin in quality, though thi is due to
given a high finish. German damask an of t
is rapidly rising in favor for every-day that there
family use. While it comes in fewer a remedy whieh
and less beautiful designs than the to eiaetly suited
other makes. it has a hard-twisted eures the mu.
thread and is very durable. As is the stubborn eft W
case with all white household goods, so eaes.
in damasks, the unbleached cloths of weak Wives
the same quality are much cheaper theould ft by
than the bleached. Where economy isA Grac Caepbll,
a foremost consideration it is a far bet- of No. 31 L
ter plan to buy the unbleached goods Street, Grad
and if possible have some grass bleach- A chasof Appewh Rapid, tMih.,
ing done at home. Where there are ompw 2ears of ad o ertd wit
no facilities for this Where theare ware complication of Jissses. Her stam, alto
no facilities for this the ordinary wash- in her own words, follows:
ing and boiling, if properly done, will "The birth of my first child left me a
be found to produce an astonishing de- deplorable condition. My system was
gree of whiteness in a short time. Be- broken down ad I seed fromy ge
sides, many persons do not object to rheumatism also traobled me. My n pPetir
a creamy tint when they have a failed me and the moet delicate and ittI
*much better cloth for the same money. food failed to tempt me. I w thiand
Itn some makes there is a half-way pled, and had neither enery nor ambiti
yMy came had been growing steadil worse I
tint called "silver bleach." Table linen two yeams. I ad ed severp le
constitutes after all only a small vr.>- remedies but found no curative qualihm in
Portion of the contents of the linen them.
Closet, for sheets and pillow cases are "In the summer of o 11 I was V
still called bed linen from custom. grandmother in Ludin lea M
custom.there leared of the wonderful a-e
though all are most likely of cotton. fected by Dr. Williams' Pink Pills f Pale
few housewives possessing nowadays People. I tried the pills mad had mofaia.
a supply of the real linen sheets and ed one box before I felt much better. I
pillow cases formerly thought aso do- continued taking them through the year and
pillow cases formerly thought so de- result w perfect ure. lamnele .
siralle and even necessary. As, owing ervotis nor rheumatie and have more tLan
to the many and varied demands made regained my lost flesh. I certainly nre-
upon the woman of to-day, as much mend the pills to all who need the and
Value is being placed upon time and their ls have Galays bAen beufeci&L"
Signed Mas. GaAcu CLjCnMLL
1 strength as upon money, women are gATE OF MICHIGAN
e beginning to avail themselves of every COUNTY or KzxT.
f rational labor-saving device, and for Subecribed and sworn tob efIr me1t
this reason are gaining courage to buy 6th day of July, 1900.
t sheets and pillow cases as well as [SALI B' oAumB si~s.
s other household articles ready made. for Kent Co., Michiem.
As good cloth can be found to-day in At all druggists or direct from Dr.WB
n ready-made sheets as in the piece, and liams Medicine Co., Schenectady, N.Y.,S
f very nicely finished. The old-time pre- cent' per box; six boxes, P.0.
b judice against machine-hemmed sheets
o has almost if not entirely passed away. THE U. S. LV STOCK R pDY ha
proved most emfficent in preventing and
n But whether economy allows the curing How and Chleken Cholera and
ready-made sheet or not. the saving kindred dinuase. It is also a fine on-
s. hold not ie made in the length of the dltion powder. Salm are Increesaln. If
your dealer don't keep It we will isl
sheet. Six inches saved here mean in- It to you an reredpt ofkrc wi pmera
convenience and annovance to which Ib. LTberal discount to dealers. ISAAC
s prudence will not allow any woman to MORGAN. Agent. Klasimmee. la. 11t
o subject herself. The length of the
s sheet should be governed entirely by Budded and Grafted
s the length of the bed. and for firmness I a M ge
l- the sheet should be long enough to Mulgoba Mangoe.
e tuck under the mattress several inches I Imported from India; absolutely free
at each end. Some ready-made sheets -
d are badly proportioned. being much from flber. Pot grown $2.15 each.
d too wide for the length; but there is a Largest assortment of Crotons in th#
n growing demand for the longer United States.
o sheets, and many more dealers are Also Citrub stock. Address.
e now carrying them. The pillow case JOHN R. BEACH.
s also should be an easy fit. and long West Palm Beach. Fla.
n enough to fall closely together at the
h month. Too narrow a ,case makes a samples you may desire; and will pre-
tI hard pillow. and prevents proper air- pay the expressage, when cash accom-
o ing to feathers, besides the difficulty Danies the order, to any part of the
*e of nutting on and taking off. and the state on any goods purchased of them
t consequent strain on the muslin.- to the amount of $5 or over (excepting
n C'hristian Advocate. domestics). They guarantee prompt at-
r- T tention. and will refund the money on
d TO THE DEAF ns. all unsatisfactory purchases. Write
e rich lady, cured of hr deafness and Cohen Bros.. In Jacksonville. for sam-
Snoises in the head by Dr. Nicholson's Pe of anything you wish n dry goods
Artificileal Ear Drums. gave $10.000 to his
e Institute. so that deaf people unable to RE T H IS
Sprocure the Ear Drums may have them .EAD THIS.
or free. Addre The Nicholon There is a Sanitarium in Belleview.
r- -.inite. e7M I ihtil Avonu New York. Fla.. whose specialty is the treatment
h t i of cancer. piles and all rectal diseases
ss Dry Goods by Xail. without the use of the knife. Write
t In Jacksonville you will find an up- them a description of your ease and
w to-date dry goods store. It Is the store receive free books by return mall. Ad-
Is of Cohen Bros.. located in the big dress.
r- Gardner building. This store will mail BELLEVIEW SANITARIUM.
s- to your address, free of charge, any Belleview. Fla.
THE FLORIDA AGRTCITJLTILRT7T
POULTRY AND RHAR DPART- a commission merchant and takes all
213T. the changes. The farmer is also care-
All communications or enquiries for this de- leo in regard to the nanler of ship-
partment should be addressed to pling. lie crowds fowls in small coops,
FLORIDA AGRTTTTI.TTRIST. dlos- not :lssort tile eggs. and sends
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla. ciHdl 1nd 1ad prlrodluce in the same lot.
C'olln!t ism'r would cheerfully nuy dl-
Fucense or Failure. Wbhich- reetiy f:(olnl tOll f:arilers if 0convill(net
s r th t the fanrners did lnt buy from
nri r lle ill it dinr Sletter hs otler Any farmer cl an build tip a
,l'itell her a ill letters f g triltade lor ii eii g milk ;nl i hurter. at
wlrle l'roas tile aily Failure has go )d pricee. if lie will convince tile
st:llnpdl her signature in sollmbre col- luyer's dint ue has fresIl ani good ae'-
ors. It is. seemPlingly with lavish lhain ti1.irs tos fell
tlhe sui-e-sses of life are meted out to
some. while grim visage want shows Oats and Corn.-Why are oat.s lpre-
but too plainly where failure has ferred to corn as food for poultry? It
her abode. In every profession, ith should never be an object to fatten
every business, in all the walks of laying hens for market, though they
life. the law holds good-some make. should be in excellent condition at all
others lose. The question naturally times. Oats contain more protein than
arises: Is it the man or his occupa- corn, and less starch, but oats contain
tion? Tle answer is not readily given. fully as much oil (or fat) as con.,
There may be in the man every ele- (about 4 per cent.), but the proportion
ment or characteristic essential to his of oil is too small to render either grain
success yet he will fail. He may fit for fowls. It is the starch in the
have been so unfortunate as to adopt corn that produces fat on an animal.
a profession or line of business for Corn contains nearly (3 per cent. of
which he has no aptitude, consequent- starch and oats about 45 per cent.
ly fails for love of his work. This is Having more protein than corn and
not invariably true, but "the shoemak- less starch, oats are therefore better
er should stick to his last." than corn for laying hens. Another
What is true of the whole is true point in favor of oats is that the min-
of the part. The poultry business is eral matter and protein in oats places
subject to the same laws that govern that grain ahead of corn for the lay-
other legitimate enterprises. It has era. as the mineral matter supplies the
its successful men and its failures. Its lime of the shell. Protein is the mus-
failures resulting from lack of apti- cle producing mineral In foods. For
ability and stickativeness. Its suc- fowls in the winter season a ration of
ceases come from pluck, push. and both oats and corn, ground together.
faith in the outcome, should give good results and if bran
The figures presented in the various is added to the amount of potein and
journals as to the profits accruing mineral matter will be further increase.
from small investments in fowls have ed. Oats should not be fed exclusive-
given many a man the hen fever. ly, as the ration should be varied.
Without sulffent thought he has en. Droppings and Their Preservation.-
tered upon the work with the idea The manure from hens, unless grain-
that all he has to do is to buy a few fed in summer. is usually less valuable
mongrel hens and then sit himself than It is in winter, as they then feed
down in the shadow of his own vine mostly on grass, while in the winter
and fig tree, and when the shadows the fowls are given a greater variety.
grow long from the hills and the phil- But it is none the less worth taking
osophical frog sings his evening care of at all seasons. It will heat very
hymn. take his hired help and gather rapidly in hot weather if kept in piles.
the "fruit" from the labor of his flock As it is usually deficient in phosphates
Should he follow such a practice he it is a good plan to mix some of the
will soon find failure written above commercial phosphate with the man-
his door. He had as well invest his ure. as it is heating. It always con-
capital !n a stock of merchandise and tains enough sulphate of lime or land
leave that stock to disipse of itself, plaster to absorb the ammonia, while
When there are lazy. shiftless meth- the phosphate with the nitrogen which
ods employed and common dunghill the hen manure abouhe nitrogen, will make
fowls, that are allowed to shuffle for the hen manure neary equanil make
their living, with inadequate quarters a fertilier very nearly equal to gu.
given them. failure will be sure to ano.
follow. Children and Poultry.-Every boy on
On the other hand, success will be the farm should be given some young
the sure reward of intelligently di- stock to raise for himself, he to attend
reacted capital invested in good stock. to it and be Induced to take an- inter-
To intelligently direct capital requires, est in its progress. Nothing can ex-
as in all business enterprises, exper- ceed the interest a boy or girl will take
lence. Grow into the business. Begin in Bantams. A boy will thus early
on a small scale and learn all the ins become fond of fowls and of farming.
and outs. master its intricacies learn and will be more reconciled to farm
the diseases of poultry and how to life when he Is grown. The boy who
combat them, study the needs of your leaves the farm for the city is the one
market and aim to fill those needs, re- who has never had any opportunities
alize that in no class of stock does and looks upon farming as drudgery.
good blood tell so quickly and surely Labor becomes a pleasure when there
as in fowls, and with pluck and push is something to strive for, and the ear-
combined, success will most certainly ly education of the boy on the farm
crown your efforts, should begin by giving him an inter-
The results are sure: Neglect of est in something. All children love
proper business methods and Failure young stock and pet them.
is sure to follow Honest business prin- Secluded Nests.-Hens often "steal"
ciples and Success is assured. Which their nests and find some secluded lo-
shall it be?-J. HI Shedd. in Interstate cation where the ground appears moist,
Poultry Journal. This fact has prompted some farmers
* to believe that a moist location should
S Egg and Prices. be preferred for hens that are Incu-
It is probable that if eggs were sold bating. The selection of the nesting
by the pound there would be more care place of the hen is not because the
given the fowls and a greater Interest ground may be damp. but because she
taken in the breeds of poultry. The desires a cool location, or to get rid of
best hens are not always the ones that lice in the poultry house. In winter
lay the largest number of eggs. though the hen prefers a warm. dry nest. Ex-
they may give a greater profit under neriments show that sitting hens will
the present system of selling. A hen hatch out as many chickens from the
that lays ten dozen eggs a year. weigh- eggs when the nests are up on a dry
ing twelve eggs to the pound, does not baymow as when they are located on
perform as much service as one that damp ground.
lays nine dozen weighing eight to the The Toulouse ooose. Toulouse
pound. Selling by weight should en- geese were originally imported from
able the hens that lay fewer. but larg- the Mediterranean into England by the
er eggs, to give the greater profit. Far- Earl of Derby. It is remarkable for its
mers complain that while eggs are large size. and possesses a mild and
noted at high figures the prices re- easy disposition. The prevailing color
ceived by them are small. The fact is slaty blue, marked with brown bars,
is that the farmer gives no attention and occasionally relieved with black.
to selling his produce. He ships it to| The head and neck, down to the be-
Poultriymen can double their profit
by Caronizing their bchickq. The op-
eration is very a im ,le--the instruct ons
are sn full an explicit that any man,
wnman or child, after acareul reading,
will be able to perforne the operation
It is highly successful from eery point
of view I e demand for ca, ons far
exceed the anpply. the price per pond
being tnwicc as much a. for ordinary
chicks The object rf Caponizilg is to
largely mecr. ac the weight oit fowl.
causing them in many cs-es. to arow
as large as trkeys nand weighing trone
10 to 15 pounds, and to make the meat a finer dlavr and very juiy and tender Again.
Caponas re worth $1 to $1.50 more than cocs not Caponized They are much quieter in
ltsp'itlon. A cork. in chasing around the yard, will run off enh almost as last as put on
In the mnre quiet Capon the same amount of cood goes to mate flesh boe and profit. With
tdya. PFll realising the neeesity of having proper instruments we have arranged with
thereliable instrument mannfaeturers. Messrs. Ge ri P Pling & Son. vhilade phi. to
s upely -s with thee instruments. This firm is we think. the o dest eo the kind in nhe United
tates. located in the very heart of the original Caponmzng district, and having been mak-
nguCaponiing instruments for 40) years, they thoroughly nnderstaud the proper ones
eeded. ..essrs Georce P Pi taA So havejus.t pub-ished a verv iteresting book,.en-
titled 'Complete Guide Vfr Caponuzing.' which we are di-tributing free to those interested
in poultry. Complete with instructions $3 50. which will inclamle a year's subscri-,tion to
the VLORIDA AeGRICULTURIST. tIn vl etlined ease as per engraving,8 73. We send
the book Complet Guide for Caponixing." with erv set. Address.
B.O. PAIMNTSR a co., Jackao-iViII., F7Ia.
"'ertificate Am. Inst. Pair."
Make money by getting their pro-
duce into market early. This is best
accomplished by taking advantage
of the stimulating effect of
NITRATE OP SODA.
It forces the most rapid growth and
imparts quality, crispness, tender-
ness, etc. All about it in our free
book, "Food for Plants." Ask for a
copy. Address, John A. Myers, 12-
John St.. New York. Nitrate for
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
ginning of the breast, and the back of
neck as far as the shoulders, are of a
dark brown; the breast is slate blue.
and belly and under surface of the tail
are gray. The bill is orange-red, and
the feet are flesh color.-Mirror and
Sutherland. Fla.. Nov. 25. '99.
B. 0. Paintert Co.. Jacksonwille. Fla.
Gentlemen:-I don't wish to flatter
any one. but must say that you are
my preference among the many fertill-
ser firms with whom I have dealt in
your town and I hope to give you my
business. Yours truly,
J. C. Craver.
David Lockbach of Orlando. finls
time to Interest himself in the matter
of improvement of live stock in Flor-
ida. He is a very busy man, with his
lumber and mill interests, but he re.
cognizes the fact that the permane-nt
prosperity of the state will lderMndl
largely upon live stock. He has just
secured some younn stock, to be kept
for breeding purposes, of red Devona.
Herefords and shorthorn Durhams.
They are becoming acclimated rapid
ly.-T.-U. & C.
Mr. B. F. Isler last week presented
to the editor a sample lot of his sweet
potato crop. There were ten immense
tubers weighing forty pounds, and are
a cross between the parrot and Cuba
yam. Mr. Isler raised them on his
farm about eleven miles north of this
city. near Bradfordville. and says he
has about 500 bushels of all sizes at
home. They are certainly the largest
we have ever seen. and they have
caused an exclamation of wonder from
all. They are large enough for the
small boy to sit on one end and keen
warm while the other end is roasting
in the fire.-Tallahasseean.
The sugar cane grown at Mill Creek
Can't you win one of our premiums?
SWestern Poultry Farm,
4 months on trial lOc. One yr. 25e.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It is up to date. 24 pages.
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice kill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 dos., 21 cts; 25 for U
etsu- S for f0 ets: iml for s$
HENS' TEETH .o...E
To properly digest its food the fowl
must have grit. What teeth are to the
human being grit is to the fowl. We
can now furnish ground oyster shells.
from freshly opened oysters, from
which all the dust and dirt has been
screened, to supply this grit which is
lacking In nearly all parts of Florida
Goods very inferior to ours and full
of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer it at
100 Ib bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville.
Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
tilizers and dealers In all kinds of Fer-
Orange and Kum Quat
Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
table. Also a general line of Fruit
Trees, Roses, Shrnbs, etc. Prices.
low. Freight paid.
D. L. Pierson, Prop.,
If your fowls are troubled with lice
or Jiggers. send $1.25 and get l".
pounds of tobacco dust and ft l inkle
it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
anteed to be unleashed. Fnud 2 cent
tamp for sample.-E. O. Painter & Co..
ON EASY TERMS.
Several fine bearing orange and
grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
vestment this year.
Lyle & Co., ..Bartow, a.
That's Not a Snare
tobt aoes. Irts rP e iee io hola btem.
1. BL. noaTsoN, Receverr,.
PAGE wevt WIRE PFUCK CO., ADRIAN, RICE.
V44 TIXO11,. am.
THE FLORIDA A ICULTURIST5
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WHEN POLLY LEARNS TO "It' salt!"
"The water? Yes, a little. Did you
SWIM. expect to find it a sort of raspberry
"I should think." said Polly, eying the phosphate?"
waves with evident distrust. "I should "Of course, I knew it was salt, but-
think it would be nicer to learn-the I guess I must have forgotten about
motions, you know. on land and then, it. I wish I could rinse my mouth
after I know Just what to do with my out; it's so-so-don't you think there's
arms and-and feet. to go into the wa- a great deal of salt in it? More. than
ter-just a little water; don't your" necessary?"
"The idea has at least the merit of "Well, perhaps it is a bit over-.ited.
originality, Polly," said I. "but as one But just think how lucky it is that it
seldom has an opportunity for pwlg isn't peppered, too!"
ming on land that kind of an aquatic "Yes; that*is something to be thank-
education would not profit you much." ful for," replied Polly, thoughtfully. "I
"Then you think we-[-we'd better expect it must be a good deal like the
learn in the water?" mosquitoes, don't you?"
I assented. Polly sighed dolefully. "I hadn't thought of it, Polly. In
"Well, then, come on." I offered my what way, please, is the Atlantic ocean
hand. like a mosquito?"
"The idea!" cried Polly, "with all "Why. I mean-you know papa says
those horrid people looking right at we ought to be thankful that mosqul-
us', toes haven't two stingy-things."
"I don't believe. Polly, that out of "Very true; 'two stingy-things;' ex-
the several hundred persons in sight, actly. Now, if you please, we will con-
more than twelve know of our exist- tinue with the program."
ence." "Don't you think I have learned en-
Polly's expression became one of "ogh for to-day?" I know all about
mingled surprise, relief and disappoint- I kicking-kicking-out my -kicking out
ment. She held out her hand, and to- my feet, and doing so with my arms,
gather we braved the terrors of four and keeping my mouth shut and my
and a half inches of surging sea. At eyes open, and not holding on to you
that depth she paused and looked at vhen I see a wave coming, and--Oh!
me expectantly. I've learned a great deal, haven't I?"
"Now-now what shall I do?" "You have, Polly; and perhaps some
"I believe we agreed first to go into day you will learn to do all those things
the water." at one and the same time. Perform.
"Water?" gasped Polly. "More than ing them in rotation is not nearly so
this? 'Way out there where those oth- effective, you see. It is well enough
er people are?" to 'do so' with your arms, and to kick
I nodded, out; but when you stop kicking out, the
"Never!" said Polly, firmly. result is neither graceful nor progres-
"But how, I ask you, can I teach you si'e."
to swim if you won't go into the wa- "Now, you're horrid!" cried Polly, "1
ter? This may be an excellent place to think I've done very well indeed! And,
learn the rudiments of squat-tag or of course, I must learn the rudiments
-mumble-peg, but as a scene of action of the-of the art-is swimming an art?
for--" -before I do anything else, mustn't I?
"I don't care," said Polly, "I didn't And if swallowing gallons and gallons
think it was so-so wet, and so nasty. of horrid, nasty, salty water has any.
And I don't believe-I want-to-learn thing to do with the rudiments, I think
to swim-to-day. I've had rudiments enough. I shan't
"Let us compromise. Polly. We will want any salt at table for weeks and
go out until the waves wet your skirt, weeks! Shall you? And don't you
That's fair. isn't it?" Polly looked think it is getting very near lunch
very doubtful for a moment, time?"
"Well," she said, "but you'll be very We left the surging main, and Polly
careful, won't you?" stopped at the water's edge to survey
Five minutes later Polly stood clutch- the scene of her triumph. Her bathing
Ing me wildly in two feet of ocean, dress was wet from collar to hem and
The little waves curled about her and dripped from every corner and fold.
caused her to shriek wildly as they "I sunose I look a perfect fright,
foamed by. But her skirt was wet at don't I?"
the hem, and a spirit of reckless daring i shook my head.
took hold upon her.
toohldupone. "You see, that is the trouble about
"Let's--let's sit down!"
Bt at that moment she happened to swimming," with an air of great ex-
But at that moment she happened to lJrience, "it makes-"
cast a backward glance toward the "
beach and home and the dry land. "The trouble with what, olly?
"Dear me!" whispered Polly; "it's-- "With swim-with learning to swim.
it's an awful long way to the bath- It makes you so ugly when you get
house, isn't it?" through.
"At last two hundred feet," I an- Polly put her hands to her head and
swered gravely. instantly shrieked. Then,
"And-and supposing a tidal wave "Well, anyway. I don't care!" She
were to come along and sween us !minted out a spot on the distant hor-
away? Wouldn't it be better, safer, izon and turned with sparkling eyes.
you know, to keep near the-the "Just think! I was 'way out there!"
shore?" cried Polly. "Don't you think I'm aw.
"Polly," said I. desperately, "the last fully brave?"-Puck.
tidal wave died of old age in the Bay *
of Fundy a week ago come Friday; the HER BURGLAR.
bath-house will remain just where yonu
see it now; there is hot the slightest
danger of being swept out to sea, and- When Mrs. Alberton returned from
and-Polly, if you don't instantly come the hall it was very late. She dis-
out here where you'll at least get your missed the carriage and took her way
feet wet, I'll carry out out in my arms!' languidly up their staircase, forgetting
Polly giggled hysterically, but held her in tier weariness to hold up the train
ground-or rather, her surf. of her brocaded gown from contact
"You're nasty, and-and not a bit with the carpet as she ascended.
patient with me. I do like people to All was quiet in the great house: the
be patient with me!" She was begin. servants had retired, with the except.
ning to look aggrieved, and as Polly tion of the footman who had waited
with a grievance is quite beyond dis- ttp for his mistress' return, and wh<
cipline, I hastened to cause a diver- was already quickly disappearing dowr
sion. the hall on his way to his own quarters
"Polly. look quick! That man there! after admitting her.
See him! With a camera, Polly!" MIrs. Alberton reached the summit ol
"O-oo!" shrieked Polly. "Where?" the stairs and swept slowly through
"Behind you! Quick!" Polly gave one thie corridor, her gown with a sofi
terrified look at the man with the swish trailing after her, to the door ol
black box, and headed directly for the her boudoir. She turned the knob ant
coast of Northern Spain. When I came entered the softly lighted room. A
up with her she was floundering to fire burned warmly in the grate, cast
her waist and still heading to the sea. lug dancing shadows upon the fres
"Ugh!" said Polly. coed ceiling and rich furnishings of th
"What's the matter? You were doing apartment. Mrs. Atherton glanced idl
finely." at the clock as she stifled a yawn. 1
THE LARGEST WATERMELON GROWN
IN THE WORLD.
Two largest Triumphn aermelons grown in 190!k from my selected seed,
were grown by W. C. Vann, of Abbe vile, Ala.. weighing 150'/, pounds
each. Prizes for same, $70.00. Large st Triumph grown in North Carolina in
1900, weighed 78 pounds, prize for sa me. $2R.00U. Largest Triumph grown
in South Carolina in 1900. weighed 101 > pounds, pize for same, $20.00.
Largest Triumph grown in Georgia in 1945", weighed 127/,z pounds, prize for
same, $20.00. Largest Triumph grown in Fla.. in 1900, weighed 92 lbs., prize
for same. $20.00. Largest Triumph gr own in Mississippi in 1900, weighed
76 pounds, prize for same, $20.00. Largest. Triumph grown in Louisiana nl
1900. weighed 76 pounds, prize for sa me. $20.00. Largest Triumph grown In
Texas, weight 1051/% pounds, prize f or same, $20.00.
Liberal prize offered for largest T rlun'-h in the South in 1901. Liberal
prizes for largest Triumph grown in e ach Southern State in 1901.
Buy the genuine selected seed dir ect from the originator. Each purchas-
er entitled to compete for prizes.
I sell all varieties of watermelon se ed. Florida Favorite, Duke Jones, Brad-
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Dixie. Glansier, New Favorite, Jones, Black Diamond, Gray National, Boes,
Cole's Early, Mountain Sweet, and oth ers. All Southern Beauty and Rocky-
ford Cantelouze seed. 1
I make a specialty of Beggarweed Seed and can make you low prices on
both the rough and cleaned or hulled seed.
Write for Catalogue.
W. M. GIRARDEAU, Monticello, Florida.
6 XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Given as a Premium for One New Subscriber.
Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate, Address,
D FOR SUMMER AND FALL
THE ORIFFINO BROTHER'S CO.,
^ -Jackr~sUIb. Pb.
THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
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Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
Complete stock of fruit trees application. Address
plants, fancy poultry. etc. Orange THE gORIFFINO BROTHER'S CO.,
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jaclur vem, Pl.
Cant you earn some of our premiums?
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
quarter of three! She raised one hand with both hands, as if to hide and
to her throat and unclasped the fast- shield them from view of envious eyes.
ening of her fur-lined cloak and let She must do something, and at once,
it drop carelessly upon a chair. She to secure the robber until she could
took from her girdle a few wilted roses, summon help, and before he opened
and was lifting them to her face for a that door, for if she again saw those
last whiff of their dying fragrance, and wicked eyes fastened upon her she felt
smiling at some recollection of the ev- that she would be paralyzed with
ening just past, when a sudden instinct fright anu unable to act with any de-
made her involuntarily turn her head. gree of reason.
Her eyes passed swiftly over the end Thinkiqg hurriedly her eyes fell on a
of the room and rested on a tall old bottle of chloroform which stood on her
wardrobe of handsomely carved ma- dressingg table, and which her maid
hogan which stood in one corner had used that day to allay toothache.
near the window. As her eyes fell on She took it up and examined it more
it a dreadful icy thrill shot through closely. It was almost full; yet a
her, turning her blood cold in her dreadful fear beset her that it would
veins. One of the doors was slightly not be sufficient to render the fellow
ajar, and through the perture there ap- unconscious. She hastily searched for
peared a man's forehead with two evil some cotton, and finding a small quan-
eyes gleaming beneath and fixed with tity in a lower drawer, glanced toward
a steady intentness upon herself. She the wardrooe again. The door still re-
remained standing with the roses halt mained closed. Would she have the
way to her face, petrified with fear courage to approach it? Perhaps the
which even in that dread moment in- man was watching her and he was
stint told her she must conceal, and surely listening to her every movement.
she forced a smile to her lips as she How could she approach the wardrobe
hummed a bar of a waltz. After what as if without purpose? A thought oc-
seemed an eternity she managed to rurred to her. All this time she had"
turn her head from those shining, ter- been humming almost without cessa-
rible eyes and advanced toward the tion.. Now she suddenly laughed aloud.
door. A slight creaking made her "Oh, that divine waltz!" she mur.
pause. When she looked toward the mured, dancing to the tune she forced
wardrobe again the door was tightly herself to sing. "I could dance It for-
closed and nothing was visible. Had ever!"
it not been a terrible nightmare? Had A few revolutions brought her close
she not imagined that evil presence to the door. The key remained in the
there among her silken gowns and ele- lock: could she secure him in his hid-
gant belongings, the perfume from ing place and overpower him with the
which, escaping through the slight op- opiate before he had time to break
ening still lingered seductively in her open the door? He might fire his re-
nostrils? Was it possible that here, in volver and thus shatter the lock before
her dainty nest, where she had always the chloroform had time to work. It
felt so secure and free from every dan- seemed to her that she had heard some-
ger,. there lurked an unknown danger- where of desperate criminals shatter-
ous intruder? ing locks in that manner.
Still humming, her glance wandered Beset by fears, she still waltzed to-
over the familiar room. What should ward the door. nearer and nearer, until
she do? The bell to summon the ser- by stretching out her arm she could
vants was just a few steps away, but touch the key. One more step and she
to reach it she must pass that dreadful grasped it in her trembling fingers and
wardrobe. Hitherto she had felt herself quickly turned it in the lock. With a
to be as brave as most women, but she widely beating heart she saturated the
felt that she could not do that. Any- cotton with the chloroform and thrust
thing rather than to pass the ward- it beneath the crack left at the bottom
robe with its terrible occupant; the of the wardrobe.
very thought of doing so and perhaps There was a muffled curse and a
being grasped the instant her back sound of something heating against the
was turned appalled her. Eten if she door, which fortunately was very thick
called out she would not be heard, and and solid. Without waiting an instant
that would undoubtedly be the signal she turned and ran to the call box up-
for the concealed house-breaker to on the wall and rang for the police.
make his appearance to silence her, then hastened back and rang the ser-
rob the room and perhaps escape be- vants' bell. She paused then and lis-
fore her maid even knew that her mis- tened. Not a sound was audible; the
tress had returned, or any of the selr hammering had ceased.
vants could come to her assistance. Weak and unnerved she sank into an
Had she already been robbed or had chair; as she did so there was a sound
the intruder but just entered? The lat- of something slipping and sliding in-
ter seemed the more probable, and that side the wardrobe, then a heavy
he had been disturbed by her late re- breathing reached her ears. Had the
turn before he had accomplished his opiate accomplished its mission thus
design seemed more than likely. Mrs. speedily? In that close space already
Atherton advanced to her dressing-ta- void of air it undoubtedly had.
ble which faced the wardrobe and As Mrs. Atherton arrived at this wel-
drew open a drawer. One box of Jew- come conclusion her maid came run-
els was there, and when she lifted the ning in, rubbing her eyes and asking
lid hesitatingly, and fearing to find sleepily what the noise meant. When
*them already gone, the gems flashed informed of the close proximity of the
back their beauty at her in iridescent burglar she was more terrified than
light. In a drawer at the other side her mistress, and rushed up and down
there reposed the jewels her dead hus- the room like one distraught, wringing
band had presented to her on their her hands and expecting to be shot at
wedding day-priceless old heirlooms every turn.
of his family, which should have been In a very short time the patrol wag-
safely locked up at her jeweler's, but on was heard clattering up the empty
which lay in that drawer with only one street, wakening the silence of the
frail lock to preserve them from sec- night with a thousand echoes, and
rillious hands. more quickly than it can be written the
What hosts of memories were con- room held four burly officers.
nected with them-tender, dear and Upon the wardrobe door being open-
sacred memories. She would rather ed a strong odor of chloroform rushed
lose her entire fortune than to be part- out, and at the bottom, lay the limp,
ed from-these dear reminders of .1 hap- unconscious figure of a man. One of
py past. How careless, how frightful- the officers bent over the huddled up
ly thoughtless, she had been! And the form, then suddenly started up with an
three windows which opened out on exclamation.
the balcony were rarely if ever fast- "By all, that's wonderful if it ain't
ened. One of these windows had Charlie!" he ejaculated. Turning to
doubtless been the intruder's mode of Mrs. Atherton and her maid, who stood
entrance to the room. Men who were looking with shrinking eyes, he added,
desperate enough to rob were oft- "Whoever trapped this fellow is a
times desperate enough to kill it plucky one, and cute, and what's bet-
thwarted. Was she to pay for her ter, gets a reward of seven hundred
carelessness by the loss of her beau- dollars for it. This chap here," looking
tiful jewels and perhaps with her life? down with reminiscent interest at the
A shudder ran through her, and in- unconscious house-breaker, who had
stanctively she covered the necklace of been stretched upon the floor of the
sparklln diamonds about her neck room by this time for the purpose of
An in aid or new. i nuade pible ad easy-will tck better
ad uea loame-b the ue of
Eureka Harness Oil
"T L saentI we for leather ever discovered. aves
ifay tim eI alst by Improved appearances mad la the owt
.1 miLn. Boed everywbre ln canes-ll sie.
e&. b y WTAr AARDIL 0 .6
$4.00 for $2,00t!
Seed you must have to make a garden, and the AGRICULTUIST you should have to be a
sucessul gardner. You can get them both at the prce o one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 and.we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of
Beans, Extra Early Bed Valen-
tine.. ....... ....... .10
New Stringless Green
Pod ........ ...... .... 10
Dwarf German Black
Burpees Large Bush LI-
ma. ................ ...10
Beets. Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip...... .. .. .. ...... .5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield ............ .5
Early Summer.......... .5
Griting's Succession .... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.....10
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5
S Long Green Turkish.. .. .5
Egg Plant, Griffing's Improved
Lettuce, Big Boston.........
Onions, Red Bermuda.........
Grilling's White Wax....
Peas, Alaska.. ........ ......
S Champion of England....
Peppers, Long Cayenne.........
Radishes, Wonderful ..........
Grilling's Early Scar-
let.. .......... ... ..
Earley Scarlet Erfurt....
Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball....
Pomeranian White Globe
Ruta Bagas. Bloomsdale Swede....
examination, "is one of the smoothest
in his trade. He always goes after big
game and gets it, too. He's a dan-
gerous customer, he is. This is the
first time I've clapped eyes on him to
my knowledge in two years, though
many's the hard chase he's led me, all
to no good, before that. We've been
after you a good while, my beauty, so
come along," he remarked. "I'm ob-
liged to you ma'am4 for helping the de-
partment out so well," he added, re-
spectfully, to Mrs. Atherton, as he
turned to go. "If you'll call around
at headquarters some time tomorrow
you'll get your seven hundred, all right.
We'll just put this chicken where he
won't do no turns for a long while to
And for a long time after, a good
joke among Mrs. Atherton's friends
was how she made pin money for two
months by chloroforming "her burg-
Can't you win one of our premiums?
EX-GOVERNOR OF MISSISSIPPI
TESTIFIES TO THE MERITS OF
Jackson, Miss., May 5, 1900.
Dr. Earl Sloan, Boston, Mass.,
Dear Sir:-Some months since your
traveling agent, Col. J. L. Collins,
presented to me a few sample bottles
of your liniment, insisting that I give
it a fair trial when occasion might de.
mand. Since that time several instan-
ces with tenants on my plantation re-
quiring a remedy of this kind turned
up, and must say with candor it act-
ed like a charm and was, perfectly
marvelous In its effects. I am sure that
it is a remedy that fully merits all that
is claimed for it, and I cheerfully re-
commend it to all people suffering with
any complaint requiring antiseptic.
(Signed) Robert Lowry,
Ex-Governor of Mississippi.
Can't you win one of our premiums?
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTUIlST, Jacksonville, Fla.
Corn, Hay, Oats,
And all kinds of Feed Stuff at Pock Bottom Prices.
Oats, 125 pound White Clipped $1.51
Oats, 125 pound Mixed, 1.45
Corn, 10 pound Mixed, 1.22
Bran, pure, in hundred pound sacks .95
Hay, Number I, 92
All F. 0. B. Cars Jacksonville.
Realizing that many people are so located that they have
not access to first class feed stores that keep a fresh stock of
feed stuff on hand we have arranged to fill small orders at but
a small advance over large lots,-large lots at bottom prices.
No orders filled except where accompanied by the cash. Pri-
ces good for 15 days. If prices go lower you get the benefit.
Florida Grain & Feed Co.,
Lock Box 464, Jacksonville, Fla.
This firm will fill all orders as advertised E.O. Painter & Co.
72 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITH THE JOKER.
"What is the shape of a ship going to
pieces on a stern and rockbound
coast?" asked Graswell of Dukane.
"Very bad shape, I should say. What
shape would you call it?"
"A wreck tangle."-Pittsburg Chron-
"This is my son Frederick, Mr. Fos-
dick," said Mr. Glanders. proudly, in-
troducing his tive-year-old boy to his
"Well, Frederick," said the caller,
"do you mind your mamma?"
"Yes, sir," replied Frederick, prompt-
ly; "and so does papa."-Harper's Ba-
She (petulantly)-I don't see why you
should hesitate to get married on $3,-
000 a year. Papa says my gowns nev-
er cost more than that.
He-But, my darling, we must have
something to eat.
"Oh, William! Always thinking of
Little Alice had sat quietly listening
to her mamma talk to a caller. After
the caller had gone, Alice looked
thoughtfully into her mamma's face.
and said: "Mamma, you weren't al-
lowed to talk as much when you were
small as you do now, were you?"-
"Poor Mrs. Wylie! She's perfectly
miserable. Her husband has turned
out such a disappointment."
"What, Wylie? Why, he's reformed!
I should think, she'd be happy. He
has become thoroughly domesticated-
stays at home all the time."
"That's just it. She fell in love with
him because he was so gay, and always
on the go."-Harper's Bazar.
"I saw Madge to-day before she saw
me, so she had to treat me to ice
"That was pleasant."
"Yes, and we both saw Maud before
she saw us, and she had to treat."
"Then you escaped scot free?"
"No; Madge and Maud were out or
money, so I had to pay the street car
fares home."-Chicago Record.
The drill instructor's face turned
scarlet with rage as he rated a raw
Irish recruit for his awkwardness.
"Now, Rufferty, you'll spoil the line
with those feet. Draw them back in-
stantly, man, and get them in line!"
"Plaze, sargint," he drawled solemn-
ly, "they're not mine, they're Micky
Doolan's, in the rear ranks!"-Ex.
A collier wandering on some land be-
longing to Earl D- chanced to meet
the owner face to face. His Lordshiu
asked the collier if he knew he was
walking on his land.
'"Thy land! Well, I've got no land
myself," was the reply, "and I'm
forced to walk on somebody elsels.
Whaur did you get it from?"
"Oh," replied the Earl. "I got it from
"And whaur did they get it from?"
inquired the collier.
'They got it from their ancestors."
"And whaur did their ancestors get
"They fought for it."
"Ah, well," said the collier, squaring
up to the Earl, "come, and 1'll fight
thee for it."-London Tit-Bits.
The maiden asked.-
"Can you make me beautiful?"
"For five dollars." said the witch, "'I
can make you so beautiful that all the
men will stare at you as you pass."
The maiden smiled disdainfully. Her
experience had taught her this was not
such an easy matter.
"For eight dollars and seventy-five
cents, former price nine dollars," said
the witch, I can make you so beau-
tiful that the photographer will copy-
right your pictures."
Still the maiden, unsatisfied. shook
"For fourteen dollars, and only one
at the price," said the witch, "I can
make you so beautiful that you will
not have a woman friend' n all the
"Ah," cried the maiden, rapturously.
"that will be beauty, indeed!"-Life.
De Writer-"What are you doing
Scribbler-"Wrriting ten thousand
dollar prize stories for the Great Am-
erican Literary Syndicate."
"What do they pay you?"
"Ten dollars a week."-New York
Ragged Robert-"Wot ye doing? "
Moldy Mike-"I'm layin' wid my
head in the sun, so's to get meself
"Wot's th' game now?"
"There's a temperance feedin' place
around th' corner, an' th' redder a
man's nose is. th' more symperthy he
gits."-New York Weekly.
A woman who unexpectedly came in-
to a fortune, established a country
home where she lived in style. One
day she was showing some of her old-
time friends the place. when they came
to the poultry yard.
"What beautiful chickens!" they ex-
"All prize fowls." haughtily explained
"Do they lay every day?" was the
"Oh, they could, of course," was the
reply, "but in our position it is not ne-
cessary for them to do so!"-Ex.
Customer-"I told you I wanted my CgKs
boiled not longer than three minutes. These
are as hard as rocks."
Waiter-"Perhaps the kitchen clock is slow,
Nobody knows all about it;
and nothing, now known, will
always cure it.
Doctors try Scott's Emul-
sion of Cod Liver Oil when
they think it is caused by im-
digestion of food.
You can do the same.
It may or may not be caused
by the failure of stomach and
bowels to do their work. If
it is, you will cure it; if not,
you will do no harm.
The way, to cure a disease
is to stop its cause, and help
the body get back to its habit
When Scott's Emulsion of
Cod Liver Oil does that, it
cures; when it don't, it don't
cure. It never does harm.
The genuine ha.
this picture on it, take
If you have not
tried it, send for free
sample, its agreeable
tastt will surprise
SCOTT & BOWNE,
409 Pearl St.. N. Y.
50c. and $1.oo ; all druggists.
The Great Througn Car Line From Florida.
To The s
via All Bali
To The WEST
THE ATLANTIC i OA:T LINE, via Charlesrms.
Richmond and Washington.
THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, C.,
lumbia and Washington.
The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'pa
The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia. Ashevl I
The Mobile &Ohio R. R via Montgomery.
I Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for N a
To The IYork, Philadelphia and Boston.
To The East
Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transpormr
b ion Company for Baltimore.
To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
HAVANA STEAI15HIP CO.
NOVA SCOTIA, Via Boston and CANAI)A, ATLANTIC and PLANT
CAPE BRETON& STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax. Hawkes-bu"
PINCE and Chariottestown.
Winter Tourist Tickets
Will be on sale throughout the NORT HEIN. EASTERN, WESTERN AND
SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORID A RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop-
over privileges in Florida.
ADDRESS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
be liberally supplied with ALL INFO RMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
I'or Information as to rate, sleeping-car services. reservations. etc., write to
F. M. JOLLY. Iivislon Passenger Agent.
1.3 West Bay Street. Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
W. B. DENHAM, B. W. WRENN.
Gen. Supt. Pass. Traefc Mng'r.
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
BY LAND AND SEA...
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
.. FROM ..
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK.
BOSTON AND EAST.
e SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, OEORGIA.
Thence via Palatial BEprc Ste amebip., sailings trom Sanamnah, Four Sips each week
to New York ; ad making cloe cuonteCton with New Yort-Bi oton ship or found Lines.
An ticket agent. and hotels are supplied with monthly *ailing tchedulls. wlite
or eneralIno inoration. saling schedules, stateroom retrvations, or call on
S1. m.u*ITOw, Trae gr., WAL R.T AwV B lls, SGe. ALe.,
*avamuah, Ga. 22 W. Bay St.. Jack.asallaS. PI
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. rW
The experts at the best points of ot
servation ascribed the victory to Yale'
magnificent team work and the su
perb physical condition of the men.
The people of the whole state wil
be glad when the labor troubles i
Tampa cease. Nothing is more certain
than that protracted strikes are dam
aging to the prosperity of any con
mutniy in which they occur.--Gainec
Hunters looking for big game ca
be accommodated by looking up Dav
Fool, as he says he can put them o
the trail of a big tiger in the Corl
screw. He ran across a couple of dea
deer, covered with straw, evidently th
work of a big tiger, as the animal'
tracks could be seen all about the nrel
Dave would have gone after the ani
mal, but his dog turned trail and he ha
to give it up.-Fort Myers Press.
A big land sale has just been cot
summated, by which Dr. H. C. Hoo
sells to H. M. Flagler about six acre
of ocean front land Just south of th
Inn. Consideration, $13,000. This prol
ably means the erection of another h<
tel on this and the ground adjoining
not long ago purchased by Mr. Flagle
from N. M. Brelsford. It also meam
the erection of three lake front co
tages by the Messrs. Hood and Brel
SWatch Leesburg. It is one of tt
coming important commercial towr
of Florida. Its geographical position
is unsurpassed in the state. It has
waterway to the Atlantic. Its tw
great lakes may be connected by a c
nal a half mile in length. It has con
peting lines of railway. It has a co
lege. It has a nine-months-term Hig
school It has a number of church
It has enterprising business men.
is a law-abiding community. It wi
grow and it will prosper.-Leesbui
The cotton gins at Hawthorne ai
still keeping busy. The crop in thi
section is coming in rather livel:
though there seems to be a plenty
the staple in the hands of the fain
ers. A number of the planters, wl
have been holding back their croj
for better prices, have come oeto tl
conclusion that the price is about i
high now as it will be this year, aB
are turning loose what they hav
The gins are not running nights noi
but they have all they can do during
the day time.--Gainesville Suitn.
A dastardly piece of vandalism
connection with a robbery was p
petrated on Mr. J. W. Estes, Droori
tor of the Surprise Store, one nigat i
cently.. One of the magnificent pla
glass windows was smashed in ord
to steal the contents of the window
However, the thief succeeded in sect
ing only three pairs of shoes, but tl
damage to the window will cost sever
times the value of the shoes. It is b
lieved the miscreant intended to car
off the entire display of shoes, but wi
disturbed and frightened off befo
he could secure more than the thr
palr.-8t. Augustine Record.
The famous Manatee river orange
the queen of all other fruit, are nc
being shipped Into the Northern ma
kets with a rush. It may now be sa
that the heavy shipping season is o
and the buyers and brokers are hui
ling getting off car after car for t,
Thanksgiving holiday trade. The I
cent cool weather has put on the fl
Fishing touches of gold. and the frn
now being shipped is extra fan,
stock, and is bringing handsome pric4
There is no question now but that t
present crop will reach 175,000 box<
and possibly touch the 200,000 mat
and a few claim that it will even e
ceed that--Palmetto News.
by Mr. Ernest Mahr, Jr., according
a letter from his father, to the Recol
is of a very superior quality. I
Mahr planted two acres which yiel
ed abundantly. The crop has be
gathered and the mill Is grinding
now. Samples of syrup secured
Mr. Mahr, Sr., are highly satisfactoi
He states that during his 32 years i
aUuece in Florida, he has never seer
finer growth of cane or a better Qual-
ity of syrup produced in Florida.-St.
s E. B. Bailey is busy making exten-
Ssiie improvements on his Welaunee
plantation, near Wankeenah. He has
in process of erection a two-story
Sstorehouse, and will put In a $10,00u
stock of goods. He has put in a twelve-
n horse power cane mill to make up his
large crop, and in the near future will
add a cotton factory, running two
'- thousand spindles; also a factory for
making ax handles, etc. All these will
n be run by water power, and will give
e employment to a large additional num-
n ber of hands. J. J. Rogers of Wauke-
nah, has several of the contracts for
d these buildings, and is now at work
e upon the store.-Times-Union and Cit-
I" The largest catch of bluefish ever
d made on the run from here to Juno
and return was made one day recently
by C. E. Kennedy, chief engineer at
'- the Hotel Royal Poinciana, and W. H.
d Sanders, the mail carrier between this
s point and Juno. Mr. Sanders informs
e us that this species of the inny tribe
was never so plentiful as at present,
and that his passengers are having
g. great sport.-Lake Worth News.
SLetters patent have been issued by
t- the Secretary of State for the incorpor-
ation of the W. A. Denham Company,
of Pensacolo, with a capital of $10,000,
to conduct a shipping business, sell
e general merchandise, own and operate
Ss launches and other vessels, and engage
n in a general brokerage and commission
a business. The stockholders are J. B.
'0 Barrs, W. A. Denham and J. F. Dun.
SA gentleman who claims that the
e wealth of Leon county is in her soil.
Says he has discovered within seven
It miles of Tallahassee, a deposit of the
Identical material used in the manufac.
ture of the finest French china.-Talla-
The cassava industry is fast attain.
ae ing gigantic proportions in various sec.
tL dons of the state, and Is proving a
Y, prohtable crop wherever planted. Put-
oA uam county soil Is eminently adapted
I- to its culture. Plant cassava in suffl-
10 clent quantities. One enterprise begets
)s another.-Palatka Advertiser.
. Choice Vegetables
R always bring high prices.
In To raise them success-
^. fully, a fertilizer con-
er training at least 8 %
r Potash should be used.
e- Our books furnish useful infoumatio on
ry all subjects relating to
as crop raising. They are
re I- sent free.
FITS FOR 81 I will send you a
F prescription or formula.
Your druggist can compound it. 1 he
medicine will cure epileptic fits and
nervous diseases. I will also send diet
list. C. D. KNAPP, Avon Park, Fla.
We would like to secure an
agent in every town and ham-
let in Florida. Write at once.
E. O. PAINTER & CO..
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
WI' NEW RUVAL "
FACTORY LOADED SH3TUN SHELlS
t Mk~l lmr~ra sbol- t he mmi n wit the NEIW RIVAL" I a
isrty tY mdrman sboamtfg quafifsi. sueeini utsmi vwi OSt thes geI
MUIUIU OHMEAT- ABB C& IM HIM, owr
Florida East Coast Ry.
O(ITH BOUIN1 ad Dowa.) In Effeet Sept. 6. 1 e. ikad Up) NORTH BOUXN D
mSa X ... .o.WNo. N...N.:'No.li tr
5 Da y DaUlya D o. y o. 2. -TATIONs. No 2. Lu..Unitiy Dlly
0 exu SI e an y
S... ... a l v I ........ Jac n ..... Ar I i ...
.. p a p 'U .
..... 11 I Ar....... ...... . a vn ... Lv I: aa .. .. )
2iD ...... 1 L ....... St. Angusti ....... Ar Al .l1m uo ..... -
9 . ...... .;pll m,.. ........... atin ....... Lv bi2, a2 ...... b"
J 42 r.l'p 1215sp Ar t Pai ka "..p i 1 1 :
I i Lfv .Pa Ar ip a ...
o ...... i; p l ...... P... Ora ..... .Lv 4 p 4.ai o
S .. . ... .... 5 .vI. ... ....... Ar j ,..p .. L
S ..... ... Ar ...... b a l ... Lv. A ..... o
5O A hi .... ... **. a ...........Boeer ni......... "..L 1I.r .... ...... Q o .a
S . 4 ......... io n .. .... ...... t 11 t
S... p .......... ortb *i ......... i a i .
7 i 2 p .......e..... ..ru.......... T ..... o n. 6 0 "
4 ... p -........... Ik rim t......... I.." 6 .......
S 6.. ...... SUp ........ .lit Ve .. ......." 2S ..... IS
S 7P ..........WL J ....... I .........
3 I ..... ..... 8- 2op .........No i ,alm a....... !4,-. ......6 o IM
S... ...... ..........PlBo kar .......... o .. .. .... > &V
S ...... .....a...... ... P bltu.e ............ -
. .... ...... L .......... ...... P
.p .. .. ........ Pal Bea ........ .. .... .
4. AP. ...........'a 4116.i........... n <.,H ..... .. W O- 12
I i ...... ...... M P ........M iami. r. u I . .
0 94 . ........... O It Pa lo .......... Tra e n ad l ,
SNo o .... ..... lNo ........... sti ........... ..... ......
San I Sun ]DmilylDalely TA*IONt Ds.Iay.l.. ron I
8 d ,0 * v 'ck. .........S. are n vll .. .. ...... I l .... ... .... .
. p ......... W t Jnpt ........ ........... 4a
S .... ...... d ........... TiR b ch ......... ...........
S B ...... ...... 8 p .......... Bont .......... ..d U ............ .. .
S ...... M. .a ....... a D r .... .... .. ...... 4. n.
oetw eem New 8mFIwra and anage Boetw een T itustille and haford*.
TO ...... ...... s ......rt hi dr t ...... .... i ..... .... .
Fom t ..v.. h 802 .....O.timen is a
4 ...... r .. On p ........ Le Bontp .......... .a r ..... ...... as
L IA _..Or g l......y J ip ...... .lop Ari ........ .t i .....
Bi tey e n dabi... except unda. r ally e l-..d ......
Lro he eVera l atins.nt ther ar1rva o7r et t the t ne' .a.-.l i n lIo.a
8 SPeninsular and Occidental S. Co.
L Miami T6eP Lay. ........1. 0 p.m.... Arrive Key West .Wedn.. lays..v. I...
Lee 2e H &apaiva Th rla 0 ........... AJrcm rin .......... ...Ie ? ula. p. a...
l7pve Key West bur 6 ........ .. Arrie Mii.... F y........... .
Btt*w- Mew eyr -A Oren Betwex Titwsril*e acd SMalrrC
Cityu tl. No.A '.S o
sp. ..........N r ..........Jacksonville.A .. ... ..... ...
sop .........LA r. .lel .........l. J *P Jw wn -* *- ... %O tw .. .. ..
7 f S ..Ortam Cty........ ... .aB c ........ r i ... ... ~
p .....Orange (i........ A f..... .... 4 UOA
AU tnins between N ia Smar"B and Bhenx we ell Ttnus b vtwenn *Cilauille and h iauteoi
CIty Juneion dJily except N-ud11. "aily fx.T0<-i two Ias
Thaa rmCbim aour JPe tlaes nt `hiic tnin, miy .. .....e x 1 r>rnB Lo I Upa
Irom the seerarl Bataiona, bt their Ulivni ur *nlertnrx rt the t5inr-
LTr~ Mimni TnwrlK .......11.Q0pl. Airrie Key Weit W...t...a.l.y......11.0 .
.t .OKeyWes WCeiteunltio....... &ai~n> rrive HanuThnls yt. .....2p 84Z. n-
L (y H Jvnea Thnrdailjy a........... 1 m re Key We. t Tihnrly l, ........ & p. m
LaveKmt Wseve r'hutnsl,........ bu P.mh. arrive fi miau n rt. a .. t i% not las
KEY WEST LINE.
Lave Miami Friday .... .... 11.J p. m. Arrive Key West iaturdays. .......l U a. i.
Leare Keyv W i n .s........ ..1. Ao. m. Arrive Miami Moniay.. ......... 618. a.
Pasenge i. ) lr ia.~i. e .an ve a Miami Pridaya 1.,a p. m.. ar. vurin: Key Wei .aturday
I1a)&. m.. :i e 11.11 in iKey W t .in i. 9) p. m. Sunday following. and at that time moee
a the .ean -is'di, -.ivH- ,. a -in Havana Monday morning.
*. .iv of luoal time board addrem any Aget.
MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
......e O Pashmeser Iserviee
To make closs ionaec-
tionsewith steame -leavs
NeW York Jacksonvillle (Unt. de-
pot) Thurdays :15 m.
Phila-" B. A.L. By.) or Per. .-
dina 1:1ap. m., via (h -o-
W rberland steamer; me.I,
delphia &d m
Sen route, or "all rail" v-.,
Plant System at 2:00 p. m.,
Bostonr ar. Brunswick 6:0 p m.
rBsseniers on arrival go-
From Brmnswick direct to L adlyboard team
New York. er.
OPROu BbD SlAlJnQIS for Nov.. 1iO9.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWIC GA. DIR ECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING ZVER'
FRIDAY 4. FOLLOWS:
........ .... .. .........Nov. 16. 8. RIO RANDE..............
8. S. COLORADO.. ............ .. ............ ....Nov. 23.
S. RIO GRANDE ...... ................ ..Nov. 30
8. COLORADO .. .................. .................. Dec. 7.
8. 8. RIO GRAND.................................... .. .... De. 14.
Por lowest rates. reservatios and full Information apply to
BASIL GILL, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonvlle, Florida.
R f. RLnayntd. A. A ft. Feaenda. PtaU
C. H. MALLORY & CO.. General Agea ts, Pier 21, E. B., New York.
72s THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Simon Pure Fertilizers
Time-Trieg and Crop-Tested!
Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the
GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.
If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE.
BLOOD AND BONE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON BEED MEAL,
HIGH GRADE POTASH.
LOW GRADE POTASH.
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES.
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES.
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,
WHALE OIL SOAP.
OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY.
PARIS GREEN and inseeticides gen
CUT TOBACCO STEMS.
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleached and to con
tain all their fertilizing and iunectik-dd
WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTs TO
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
- = Jacksonville, Fla.
Grew So Heavy.
R. 0. Painter & Co.. Jackmonrille. Fla.
Gentlemen:-- used the lawn fertili-
aer bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy It was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn. as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucle grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some
others here seak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.
Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter & Co.. Jacksovrille. Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee, Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.
Beyond Xy Expectation.
f. O. Paisntr & Co.. Jacksont ile, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. T. Pinery. the re-
sult was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
A. M. Temple
Osteen. Fl.. Sept. 27. 1B00.
Gave Entire Satisfactio.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure In say-
Ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
end you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford. Fla.. Oct. 5th. 1000.
r.. l'. Painter & Co., Jacksonrille, Fla.
Gentlemen:-Please Inclose me an-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Sneed.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"T'iL ID'F AT ." BRA NDS--
M HAV E TH ES E. SF,
Then why pay $35.00 nd $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following p ic
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE .................$3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $2.oo per tor.
IDEAL PLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... 28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE.................$3o.o per too SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............$3ooo per too CORN FERTILIZER ..................... $.oo per to-
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask -for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT J.ZRR COMPANY,
Psa IB t Bra.d mBood ad BoM, $18.00 per tm. Demavaland Gasw The Ideal Tobsee Pertlsber. S.0 per tm.