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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Vol. XXVII, No. 47.
Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Nov. 21, 1900.
Whole No. 1399
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
How many of our Southern farmers
ever make a crop of barley? Very
few. This is easily explained in one
way, because the general impression
is that our soils in the South are too
thin for a barley crop. but this is an
erroneous idea. because barley does not
want any heavier soil than wheat and
we all know that wheat is quite a
success all through the South wher-
ever it has been properly tried. Our
thinest sandy soils will not produce a
profitable crop of either wheat or bar-
ley. but any land that will produce a
bale of cotton to the acre will produce
a good crop of barley, and there are
millions of such acres all through the
South, capable of producing from fif-
ty to eighty bushels of barley per acre
at one-twentieth the cost of producing
cotton. This crop does best in a soil
* Having a clayey mixture with a clay
sub-soil near the surface. On heavy,
loamy soil with little clay, it will be
found advisable to apply about half a
ton of lime per acre. This lime should
be applied in an unslaked condition.
and plowed under immediately on ap-
plication so that the soil gets the bene-
fit of the slaking process after the
plowing. Barley does best to follow a
beet, turnip or potato crop, if consider-
able material has been added to the
soil in the shape of stable manure or
green manuring during the previous
season, it will help to make a better
crop, but in no case should thief coarse
manuring be applied directly to a bar-
ley crop, as it will make a rank growth
of straw at the expense of grain, and
if a spell of wet, stormy weather
should come along it will lodge so bad
that more than half the crop will be
Land for the winter crop of barley
should be prepared in September or
very early in October by thoroughly
plowing everything under and apply-:
Ing immediately thereafter from six
to eight hundred pounds of fertilizer
that will analyze about eight per cent.
phosphoric acid and ten to twelve per
cent. potash. It is not advisable to
have any nitrogen in the fertilizer at
the start, but later on if after a se-
vere freeze the crop looks a little sickly
a top dressing of about one hundred
and fifty poui4ls per acre of nitrate
of soda will h t it wonderfully.
A very good ray of applying fertili-
sers sl to scatter it broadcast as soon
after plowing as possible, and if poe-
slble before a rain obliterating the fur-
row marks; the fertilizer falls in these
marks and by running a cultivator
seroe these it mixes it thoroughly in
the sol. A week or two should elapse
W w re sowing the seed. When ready
lsow, run the cultivator crossway of
the last working and try and leave the
shovel marks as well defined as posea-
ble. To get this, the tool should be
expanded to its full width; in sowing
the seed it falls in these furrows and
by crossing those again it covers the
The great point to be aimed at is to
get as perfect a seed bed ais Dossible.
for the future crop depends very much
on the kind of seed Ibel it got to start
on. A bushel and a half ier acre of
seed is about the right quantity, heav-
ier seeding will give thin spindling
straw that will fall down if wet weath-
er should prevail at heading time, less
than this will give a thin stand, and
every farmer knows what that means.
Barley is one of tile most useful
crops on the farm. as it c(all be con-
stantly grazed as soon as high enough,
and will produce a better crop for tile
grazing; it will yield three times as
much forage as wheat or rye and of a
better quality and the grain is the best
stock feed there is.
One other point, and I am
done. At the present time it is impos-
sible to get the proper grade of ferti-
lizer made up to show tile analysis al-
ready 'given, but by using about (600
pounds of acid phosphate and two
hundred piouinds of high grade muriate
of potash, one gets very near what is
wanted. These two ingredients should
be well mixed before applying and
scattered as uniformily as possible.
Home mixed fertilizers have their ad-
vantages in that you can make them
just what you want, but the mixed ma-
terial that you buy already compound-
ed is always well mixed and free from
I hope these few remarks on barley
will stimulate some of our Southern
farmers to make at least a trial of it
and I know they will be more than
pleased if they see that all conditions
are properly looked after.
C. K. McQuarrie.
Nitrate of potash is almost unobtain-
able by the average farmer. If two
hundred pounds high grade potash and
one hundred fifty of nitrate soda had
been recommended any farmer could
have supplied himself.-Ed.
Shipping and Marketing.
The following address was delivered
before the Farmers' Institute held at
Hastings, St. Johns County:
Ladies and (entlemen:-The subject
given me by Dr. Stockbridge-Ship-
ping and Marketing-while it seems
to deal with the disposition of the crop,
after it is made only-really begins be-
fore the planting, as one of the most
important points in shipping and mar-
keting is to have something to ship
and market. A crop must be grown
before it is shipped, and the way it is
grown has quite a bearing on both
quantity and quality, and quantity and
quality has a good deal to with the
I consider the first move, and a very
Important one, is thorough preparation
of the land. This begins by having the
soil well supplied with humus, organic
matter, produced by crops of some kind
being turned under, that have been
grown on the land. Weeds, grass, any-
thing of any kind in the way of vegeta-
tion grown on tlte land. Land can not
Ie put in real first-class tilth without
it contains hulnus, and dead vegeta-
rion. plowed under, makes nnuius. I
think fully half of the cultivation for
a crop should le given tile land before
the crop is planted. If thorough cul-
tivation is given before the crop is
planted seeds will germinate better
and plants transplanted will live bet-
ter. thereby insuring a better stand,
and the after cultivation will Ie easier
in every way. I consider the matter
of getting a good stand of great im-
portance. It costs no more to cultivate
an acre with a perfect stand than it
does if you only have two-thirds ot a
stand and it is better to have a full
stand on two acres than two-thirds of
a stand on three acres. Get a good
stand if it is possible. The after cul-
tivations should le frequent and shal-
low, and for nearly, if not quite all
crops, tile land should le kept level.
1 find the Southern planter is prone to
throw a bed to his crop. I think it a
great mistake. Keep the ground as
nearly level as possible. A great many
farmers wait for weeds or grass to
tell them when their crops need culti-
vation-they then start in to kill weeds
and grass. Their idea to kill weeds and
grass, is not cultivation of the planted
crop: if the crop is prolwrly cultivat-
ed. there will never be any weeds or
grass. Keep a shallow dust munlch
around the crop all the time. Use a
good honest fertilizer, and use plenty
of it. but a pleltty is enough. A horse
will consume only so much food; so
witl the plant-it will take up and di-
gest just so much plant food. profit-
ably, and no more.
I find a great trouble with our plant-
era, they have not gone into the busi-
ness as a life business, but expect to
plant a few ('rops of vegetables, get
rich, and go into some other kind of
business, consequently, never make a
study of plant growing and feeding.
Make a study of plants, and what they
feed oil. learn what is plant food, and
what it is made of. know tile value of
fertilizer ingredients, and I think the
best way is to get a good fertilizer
manufacturer to mix the Ingredients.
Home mixture is good. but taken as a
rule the farmer will not make an inti-
mate mixture. lie will not crush the
lumps, and he will quit shoveling too
soon. Better pay a little more per ton
and get the job well done. Nearly all
of our market crops are, as it were, out
of season crops, and we expect to get
more money per basket than the
grower farther North gets. and it will
pay to put a little extra work in them.
Make all of your efforts tend toward
quality, rather than quantity. After
your crop is ready to gather, have a
good, strong, neat package to put it in.
Don't put it in an old weather-beaten
Imx or barrel if we do, the buyer will
think, this manl klno,, his truck is not
good or lie would have used a better
package. Mark your package neatly,
but without any flourishes. A lot of
fancy marking is of no value. I have
S. r-:, '.-.1
no doubt you have all seen inferior
stuff marked "Fancy." The buyer may
be a little bit fooled once, but dnly
once. lie wants to see the fancy on
the inside of the package and
if it is not fancy on the In-
side. your marking it on the outside.
only makes tie buyer know that you
didn't tell the truth. If you ever had
an idea that you could "fool the yan-
kee." get that idea out of your mind.
You may fool him a little with your
first shipment, but you will have to pay
for it in future shipments. Grade your
stuff as to size and quality. Don't
ship all grades in the same package.
There is seldom a time when it will
pay you to ship culls; feed them to the
pigs or chickens. All farmers should
have either pigs or chickens, or-both,
but if you have neither pigs or chick,
ens, put your culls in the compost heap.
They will bring you better returns
there, nine times out of ten, than by
shipping, and when grading. If you
have any doubt as to whether it is a
cull or not. give the cull pile the bene
fit of the doubt. throw it in the cull
pile. I remember having a lot of toma-
toes in my packing house. The mar-
ket was a little dull; it was toward the
last of the season I had them in three
hins, one as they came from the field,
one I would ship. and one I would
throw away. A Mr. Crntchfield came
to the house, soliciting consignments.
He asked what I was doing. I told
Ihin. He said I was doing wrong, that
I was going to throw away one-third
of my tomatoes, that I had better ship
as they came front the field. I asked
him what they would bring per crate,
if shipped as they came from the field.
He said $1.25 per crate. Then I asked
hin to look at the lot I was going to
ship and tell mIe what they would bring
ier crate. lie said, $150. Then I said,
suplmmse I have thirty crates as they
come from the field, and twenty after
they are culled, at the prices you name,
which will give me the most net mon-
ey. after counting all the cost of pack-
age. packing, etc. He said I was doing
right, the twenty crates at $1.50 would
give mie more money than the thirty
at $1.25. This took one-third of the
business from the railroad-one-third
from the crate man. and something
from the laborer, but I don't consider
it mIy business to look after their inter-
ests. It gave mle more money, and took
olle-third out of the market, and if ev-
erybody had been doing that it might
have relieved a gluited market, and my
next shipment would have brought
more than $1.40 per crate. After pack-
ing them-l--eell at hone. if you possibly
can. Ion't look at the quotations and
try to get the highest, take a little less
than you think it will bring. You are
relieved of all risk, you won't have
to complain at the railroads about over-
charges. an;d bad handling, nor think
your commtitission merchant has stolen
flron you. lbut you caln free your mind
of all care illout that lot of stuff, and
go to work at something else. You good
people of Hastings, that sold your po-
682 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
tatoes last spring, gave that matter a
test. Some years you may do better
by shipping. but taking five years to-
gether, and you will lie the gainer if
you sell at home. but, if you do not
sell at home. and consign to a coim-
mission house, make a careful investi-
gation of all the houses in the city. to
which yon will ship. select your house.
and stay with it. There is no excuse to
le made for your shipping to a dishon,
est. shyster. commission house. There
are nnmlwrs of good. reliable men in
the business. in every city of any size.
and I want to say. I believe the her-
centage'of up-to-date, honest men, in
the commission business. is just as
great as in any other business. The
commission business of New York. for
instance, is conducted aby men just ias
active, energetic and reliable, as in the
dry goods, boot alnd shoe or any other
lhsiness ill tile city.
I know it is fashionable to
cry down the railroads and commission
men. and they have their faults. lut
when I hear men complaining of coim-
nission men. I feel sure their goods
were not properly handled before they
left home. and I think it is a bad sign
when lie ships to one( house one sena-
son and to another tie next. and the
worst mistaken of the whole lot is the
man that will split his shipments, giv-
ing it to two houses in the same
city. I have heard them say.
I' give two houses some and
write them I am givi::g each a trial.
and they will both work to out sell the
other. They never seem to realize that
the "Yankee they have tried to fool" is
on the street, looking for just such soft
things as that. This Yankee starts out
In the morning to buy his supplies for
the day. He looks over the market--
he wants to know what the supply is,
and he gets prices from the various
houses as lie passes along, his eyes are
open. he is looking out sharply, attend-
ing to his business. he sees the same
package in two houses, lie has priced
the goods in the first house and prices
it again il tile second house. When ihe
finds it, tle price given may le the
samen. lut quite often hle will say to
tile second house, that won't do. I can
iny the same package from John Nix.
or Killough. or Frost, as the case may
be. for 75 or 50 cents less. Well,
this second man can't say it is not
true. and he hasn't time to go and see.
and he knows you have shipped him
this little lot and may never ship him
again, and says. well. if Nix is selling
at that I will take the same, and you
have lost. The next Yankee comes
along, he happens to le going the oth-
er way, and strikes Frost first. and
he prices at what he sold the other Yan-
kee. This second Yankee goes on to
Nix and beats himn down. Don't give
the Yankee a club to leat you out of
your money-any good commission
mall will tell you. give hlin all or the
other fellow all. and ship to the same
house, year after year. they will get
to know your package, and know you
by the way you put up your package,
and finally get to feel as of you were
one of the family. As a test. look
among your neighbors, and I will ven-
ture to say. where you find a mall that
has been shipping to one house. year
in and year out. you will never hear
that man abusing commission men.
S. IH. Gaitskill.
The Farmer and Farm Ife.
Farm Experimenting. Superficial
writers on farm topics assert that tihe
average farmer, the man who derlpnds
upon his farm for his living and his
savings. can not afford to experinmnt.
They make no attempt to prove their
assertions, but simply make the state-
ment and let it go at that. A wriier
in the New York Farmer says that ex
perimenting on the farm can be car
ried on with the very best results on
a scale so small that the experiment-
ing will not inl the least degree inter
fere with the regular work. Because
the farmer tries a new fertilizer, or :
new variety of seed. or a new system
of cultivating, it is not necessary 'tlat
he should throw aside his standard
crops, abandon his regular work, and
throw his entire establishment to the and testing the soil. will increase the
new detail. yield of corn front 30 to .') per cent.
The farmer who makes a trial of al- and leave the land in tine condition
falfa. for example, should make it on :% for the following year. Repeated ex-
small scale. He should not root out perinients have demonstrated this at
his grass and omit the sowing of corn, tllh various exlperilnent stations il the
millet and other fodders. That would states where corn is grown. What is
be aI wrong idea of ex!wrimenting, true of one crop is equally so of an.
which no average farmer could afford other. If tile land is kept in good tilth
to put into practice. so it produces choice crops and the
correctt experimenting can lie done farmer co-ol]erates with his neighlbor
liy every farmer. IIn one line or anoth. ill selling his products, so as to get the
er lie can try some new wrinkle. In lest prices, and purchases in such a
the dairy line le can make trials of manner as to secure low rates oil what
f(moo on a single cow, and from the re- lie consumes, the boys will see more
suits lie will reach a scientific judg- beauties in the fields of agriculture
inent. He will know whether it is and stay on the farm.-Joel Siloemak-
nrobable that the whole herd will be er in Indiana Farmer.
affected as the single cow i. affected. *
The square yard or square rod of Florida Fruit in Early.
land will answer for the experiment- Frank W. Stanton & Company, of
ing with various manures in varying Philadelphia. write under date of Octo-
quantities on different vegetables. The ir 22:
experiment on a half-dozen of hens. ".We Iave received several lots of
or ducks, or geese. or turkeys will be Florida oranges during the last tell
the index for the whole flock. The days. Most of the fruit arrived grass
Iletlhod found good with one cow. green. and had to go inour ripening
horse. sheep, hog or other animal will rooms. We found a few days leat
answer for a dozen or a score. The Irought onl color quickly, as the fruit
reclaiming of a square rod of oor aplwared to Ih well Innturlt. We
lind will show how to reclaini all the found rea.dyv sal for tlhe oranges as
imoor la nd owned by tlte experimlentel. sont als we pu t onl the -colorl. land to-
Only experimlenting farmers succeed day are sending out sales, our lowest
They who learn how to get the most nlet returns are $2'.3: up to $2.i6 per
produce of the best kind out of a given Imx. This fruit was only fair quality.
area at the lowest cost are experl- a ind returns will prove very satisfac-
lmenters. They have learned to do tory to sipper-or should. The fruit
things better than their neighbors do we have in transit should do equally
them. It is tile men who are doing in : s well. O)rdintarily we do not approve
1!M0 just as they did in S1KI, the men ,f shipping oranges in a green condi-
who have never learned a thing front tion. but as ,our revelipts to date have
their own experience or that of others, I en I well packed. il g(otl tight pack-
who are falling lwhind in the process ages there will ie very little shrink.
sUlo. age. lbut boxes packed loosely will like-
Exleriment by all means. Try some ly ie slack when we take the fruit out
thing new, even though it we but a of our ripening rooms.
metlod of hoeing a hill of potatoes or "Tlhe outlook is very promising for
of blanching a row of celery. You can this season's c.rol of Florida oranges.
do it at a small expense of time and There appears to us no very good rea,
work, and the results of your trials son why this (roil should not be dis-
may le such a revelation as will cause posed of to very good advantage. pro-
you to change your entire system of viding the fruit is properly distributed.
*work. (Growers are fortunate in having an
K('eeiing Boys on the 1Falr. Ill ev earlier slipping season, and have plen-
ery avenue of life tile Ioys notice the ty of time to market their fruit. We
result of concerted organizations l against would impress on growers' minds that
tlie farmer. They see the numerous oranges carried over for the February
trusts. great c-poiolrations and comlbii and March inarlkels always command
nations of capital arrayed against the fancy prices and last season during
farmer with no apparent letter condi- these months, we\ netted from $3 to $4
tions in sight for tile future. Thle lill. v er box.
prlouces small crops of hear. corn "(Gralpfruit is ill excellent demand
andt potatoes and a combination of buy ait prices that surprised many of us, as
ers or a Ioard of trade corners tir IIi.I a we rather expiteled to see the trade
ket and lowers the prices of what the demand easier prices. The Jamaica
farmer has to sell and raises tlie crop is larger than last season, but
charges when he is the buyer. These little Florida grapefruit here. but after
unfavorable conditions must .'ianlge coloring. we sold some from $7.."0 to
before the boys will be conteir: to re- $I.NtN per Ibox."-Fruit Trade Journal.
main on the farm. They lust bie rect-
ognized by3 the nresenit t-I'lt,'rs iii Ih Cleanliness in Dairying.
matter of wag.- anid lie future of lanld It would l I interesting to know just
holdings. what one nmly'call a proper degree of
One of the great evils of farming, cleanliness in handling milk, and par-
noted hy the Ibys. is the general loss ticularly at tle time it is lIeing drawn
of soil fertility and the consequent de- from tle .cows. We iear a great deal
crease of crops and land values. A. about this point through the agricultur-
crop of corn yielding rN)o bushels per a1l press (of tile country:. Some are lay-
alcre will remove 31 pounds of pllos- ing a gl'eal deal of stress on this one
plhoric acid. 467 ilund(s of nitrogen, and pioinlt. so lnicli so that I have some-
4) lmunds of potash annually from tilnes been led to wonder if they
that one acre. If this is kept up for were not hearing oil harder than the
nlany years without replenishing the average farmer would admit as prac-
-lant food the soil Iwoomles worthless ticalble for hlim. I fear in some cases,
for corn growing. A 3:5 bushel crop if put to judgment, they would lie
of wheat takes from the soil 24 pounds found wanting. I do not for a Ioment
of llhosphoric acid, .: Ilmnds of nitro- wish to llppeir as diiscouraging cleann
gen and :31 pounds of potash. The lines ahoult their ba'rn at milking time.
sale land will not long remain- a uro- or lermit a;iy undue carelessness to tlhe
life wheat field if the soil is not re- cream o'r Ibutter. These things are im-
olenished. This canI be done by irsing portanlt. aind so as far as possible
fertilizers containing the elements of every farmer ilhonld give then his
plant food taken up by the respective careflll atitelitionl. Tie point that oc-
crops. Rotation of crops does some (ers lIo mie is, does not the average
good and leaving the land to rest occa- writer and institute speaker advocate
sionally assists ill holding the essen- lmorle thilll the farmer alan practice
tials of plant food. but annual applica- profitably? I re'all reading not very
cations of fertilizers are necessary. long ago :ian article written by a cer-
Every farmer should study first how tlain eastern dairymlan advocating that
to increase his annual yield from pro- tile milkers should always change
ducts and second how to properly mar- their clothes before going to the cow
ket what he produces. The secret of stable to milk. This is quite a Dossi-
thel first lies in the purchasing and us- ability among the larger dairymen, but
ing of fertilizers and the second in co- I wonder how practicable this is for
olwrating with other farmers in secur- tile average farmer, or even the aver,
ing a profitable market. A proper age dairymvan lc hated ill the middle
mixture of potash, phosphoric acid and west?'. Is it necessary tllat the milker
nitrogen, which can be learned by should clothe illmself ill a white duck
reading reliable agricultural journals suit before he is in fit condition to
draw the milk from a cow? I feel per-
fectly confident that were this question
put to every first-class buttermaker
who nmay chance to read this paper,
they would reply in nine-tenths of the
instances. "Not always necessary, hut
in some cases( Imssibly advisable." At
Iny rate their verdict would be that it
ordinary care were taken with one's
clothing and person. it would not be
necessary for him to change his cloth-
ing. The average dairyman does not
and will not follow these instructions.
If you ask him why he will probably
tell you lie has at least two reasons;
first, it requires too much time; and
second. it is not necessary. It would
seem that here is a case where theory
falls short when put into actual prac-
tice. It would we absurd to assert
that the ilethdil is devoid of all practi-
cal value. That there are some few
cases along farmers where the plan
could lie adopted with flattering re-
Seredepend on Ferry'sfieeds
diapprontment. Chenp Tsunt
It pays to pay a little more for
FBBTr'as alBe. Fire cents per paper
ae a d at 'i o ta-
disappointme, t. 8@tL- sudrmLt
of re~ersnm 9rans ltt. BoosO
Splendid stuck of Citrus trees on
rough lemon roots, and also on sour or-
Serh ange and trifwolata.
~ Enormous colleetiou
yeand stock of other
t trees, Econotic
S* ants, Bamboos
Alaythe lms Fern Coni-
Sfers and Miseellane-
year. Most extensive
collection of plants and trees in the
Lower South. Send for large elegant
Onec.. A la.
POGMIOWS GARNTN D,
rough lemon roots, and also on sour or.
Under S and tock of other
S'Palms Fens Coni-
asg a *l 3 wes and MViscellane-
ow" an Vass sa*** JIM one. ia11 OW
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. aa
suits, goes without saying; but your
correspondent would be of the opinion
that such are practically hopeless cas-
es in the industrial art of dairying.
and the results would be scarcely
worth the effort. Sometimes we see
people who are so far down the scale
that success seems a hopeless mock-
ery. On this farm cows have been kept
and milked for a great many years.
I)uring this time none of them has
lien milked when the iilker wore any
but his every-day clothing. We have
never had trouble, with butter to such
an extent that the difficulty could be
traced to clothing. I do not know that
we have been more careful with our
clothing than the average farmer: cer-
tainly. not more than they should be.
We usually aim to appear in more or
less ship-shape manner. On most
farms where the milkers change their
clotniing at least once a week, and
from twice to three times during the
inost unfavorable weather. I think
there is no reason to believe that the
milk will suffer any serious ill effects.
Some who advocate the change of
clothing at milking still recommend
that the cow's teals he kept from moist
to wet during milking. This is a point
where I draw the line. I appreciate
the fact that a cow will milk easier
as a rule with moist teats, but I never
could bring myself to think that I
cared to have the drainings from the
surface of the cow's teats dripping into
the milk pail. I always prefer to milk
with dry teats. Some recommend that
a cow's teats be washed before milk-
ing. If the washing is done right, it
is all right, but if it is to be careless,
as it often is, the writer would prefer
a thorough wiping with dry hay or
straw. As a general rule more harm
can come to the milk through such
practices than from ordinarily clean
clothing. I do not wish to totally con-
demn this practice of changing cloth-
ing only so far as it fails to apply prac-
tically to the farmer. I do not know
but that there are occasions where the
custom is practicable. This will be true
where the dairyman wishes to impress
on his customers that he practices ex-
tra cleanliness about his cows and
barns. While such may not always
add practically to the quality of the
milk It will generally create a favor.
able impression, and the milk will in.
variably sell better under favorable
conditions. I am of the opinion that
a great many milkmen could adopt this
plan with considerable profit in the
end, especially where competition is
close, and where every little advantage
counts: When I have any use for milk
I like to feel that extra precaution
was taken in securing it, and it is com-
monly true with most people. It will
not count for much. however, if the
fact is not well advertised in some
way. I like to see a clean, well kept
milk wagon. I do not know that it
adds practically to the value of the
milk that it carries, but it gives evi-
dence of taste'on the part of the own-
er, and inspires confidence in the cus-
tomers. There are at least two ways
In which the value of a thing can be
increased. One is to actually improve
the real quality of the article; the
other Is to improve its quality in the
minds of the purchasers. These two.
things go so close In hand that it Is
hardly worth while to try to draw a
distinction. So long as one will ac-
complish the desired result and bring
more profit to the dairyman. I do not
know that it seriously matters which
it is. We can, however, draw quite
distinct lines between what will be
best for the average farmer and the
exclusive dairyman.-C. P. 'Reynolds
in Wisconsin Agriculturist.
Preserving Fruit in Marketable Con-
Efi4tor Plorida AIgrietlturist:
Having had considerable experi-
ence with the keeping qualities of the
orange and grapefruit. by certain plans
-of preserving them, and seeing the Im.
portance of doing so in order to save
them for better prices, and to be sure
of saving them from the cold, I propose
to call the attention of all of our fruit
growers in the orange belt to my
plan, and to what I have learned by
experience, and other information. The
fruit mentioned has wonderful keeping
qualities, minus bruises and the prick-
ing of thorns. I have no doubt that all
solid. well-matured fruit of different
varieties of the sweet orange. and all
of the grapefruit, if packed as soon as
ripe. and cared for as I have planned.
will keel) at least two months and up-
wards, if not three, in a perfect con-
dition. For the past two winters at
Frostlproof, we have picked and buried
thlei in ditches, plowed out in the mid-
dle of the alleys, going over then
about every ten days or two weeks,
ands removing all defective fruits, and
recovering the balance. By this means.
we hold up our liest qualities for the
better prices. and have preserved them
for two or three months, even to the
end of March, and some. still later, by
whicl we have tilled many special or-
ders at the highest prices. Grapefruit
running to $10 per box and some to $12
oranges from $:t.0) to $6.00, per box. I
tell you this plan will pay if managed
right. But the grower should not wait
until the thermometer is down to zero
before le goes at it. as it takes
shabby stuff should not go in with it.
It has paid us handsomely. Even at
a sacrifice of one third, the remainder
will pay, for it requires less labor and
expense in boxing and marketing the
crop. But I have a further plan in
lay mind which will require less labor
than this. and will. I believe. answer
equally as well. It is as follows:
First. remove all obstacles from the
base of tlie tree and underneath the
boughs. level down the surface conven-
ient for placing the fruit, and then
pick and lay down carefully, around
the base of tile tree first, and continue
il regular rows and order until all the
sound fruit is placed, selecting careful-
ly so that no bruised or thorned fruits
go in. then cover up with pine needles.
grass and weeds, one foot deep, over
which place palmetto fans. This plan.
I have no doubt, will work well. We
silli more or less or our refuse fruit
under special orders for such. and It
pays well in the home markets. For
the time being, however, cover it up
under the dirt or straw, to save from
prospective damages by cold or oth-
erwise. The warmth of the earth anm
a foot deptl of grass and weeds or
straw, with the additional protection
of the boughs or tops of the trees, will
secure the fruit against any degree of
cold in tie precincts of the orange belt.
But once ill every ten days or two
weeks, the fruit should be carefully
looked over and inspected, removing
all decaying and suspicious fruit, as it
may injure the good. The material for
covering should le collected in time
and in good quaint., which after be-
ing used. would be of much value to
the tree as a fertilizer in the humnnus
line. as well as helpful in potash.
When I was first commencing fruit
planting in I'olk county, and had no
orange sense. I buried 120 fine sweet
oranges in rows just where I wanted
each tree to grow. being told that the
seeds would soon come up, and on
starting to grow, I could select the fin-
est plant and pull out the remainder,
and would thereby secure much better
results. But after waiting six weeks
or more for my plants to appear, I be-
came discouraged and scratched up
the whole and instead of finding them
rotting and the old mothers feeding
the young germs, as the know-all-or-
ange growers had told me. I found all
of them just as solid as they were
when I planted them. How
much longer they would have contin-
ued so, I don't know, but it broke me
from that style of making a grove. In
speaking of this as in favor of the
keeping qualities of the orange to dif-
ferent persons, one man remarked to
mle. "Well. I know they will keep a
long time by my own experience in
two instances. I once threw a few
under some grass and weeds in a fence
corner, and after upwards of two
months. I found them perfectly solid.
And yet at another time, I took two
or three out of my pocket and threw
them under some thick palmetto and
grass and upwards of two monthsaf-
ter, in passing the place, I looked in
and there they lay. just as sound and
sweet as the day I put them there."
So I canl frankly say to the orange
grower that all fruit perfectly sound,
if picked and put away when first ripe.
will keen well fonr three mllninthis Andl
simply because I think I can raise as
many on that amount of land well at-
tended to as I could on a larger amount
less -arefully worked."-Atlanta Con-
they will certainly do tils on the tree
if no freeze overtakes them. But
picked Iand put away ill time is the
safest. Uncle Wash.
Sug"r Yams in Georgia.
"I sold five hundred barrels of sugar
yanis last year at $5.4)1 a barrel." said
Miss Leola Reid. who. for the last T
four years. has made a specialty of
raising pure sugar yain potatoes and righ if
supplying the fashionable winter re. is all right, f you are too at;
sorts of Georgia and Florida. and all wrong, if too thin already.
"Tlhe reason I began the work of rais-
ing such sweet potatoes was simply Fat, enough for your habit, is
Because I saw that there was a great lth a little more, or less, is
demand for them. Every oe who healthy; a little more r less,
knows anytlillg alout sweet potatoes no great harm. Too fat, consult
knows that tie sugar yam is the most
delicious of all the many varieties, a doctor; too thin, persistently
They are not the most prolific, howev. thin, no matter what cause, take
er. and for that reason are grown less
for market. They select from variety Scott's Emulsion of Cod Liver
that gives them the greatest yield and
which they know front the average Oil.
purchaser will meet with as ready sale. There are many causes of get-
I am fond of the sugar yam. and when
1 Iwgan to notice that tile hotels and ting too thin; they all come
boarding houses where northerners
come for tile winter were always ask- under these two heads: over-
ing for then. I thought out my scheme work and under-digestion.
and went to work.
"I selected five acres of good flat Stop over-work, if you can;
lanM-not hottotns-on my f bther's but, whether you can or not,
plantation, and had no difficulty in get-
ting it. I would not borrow. but spent take Scott's Emulsion ofCod
all the money I had in bank. which was Lir Oi
something less than $34M). that year in Lver Oil, to balance yourself
the purchase of a mule ald the hire of with your work. You can't live
1 11ma. I must admit that I had to call
on my father before the year was out On it-true-but, by it, you
for the loan of some corn and fodder T re r
to tide me over until my crop came in, can. There's a limit, however;
but it was not much. you'll pay for it.
"'When my potatoes were dug that
first year. I found that my yield was Scott's Emulsion of Cod Liver
ifty Ishels of good eating potatoes t Oil is the readiest cure for
the acre. I Illhad previously solicited
orders from hotels and received some "can't eat," unless it comes of
on condition that tile potatoes were as
I represented them, the very best, and your doing no work--you can't
pure sugar yalms. When they were long be well and strong, without
dug I selected theli.-ewrhapls. I should
say. I sorted them, taking only those some sort of activity.
about the size of my flst"-Miss Reid The genuine has
wears alout a No. 7 kid glove. "I this picture on It,
had all the strings and ends taken off, take no other.
then banked them in hills containing Ifyou have not
twenty-five bushels to the bank. About tried it, send for
one month later, when the hotels le- free sample, its a-
gan to till up with their winter guests, agreeable taste will
I opened four of these banks. harreles surprise, you.
the potatoes nicely. and shipped them Chemists, &
to the hotels where 1 had received the 409 Pearl Stree,
greatest encouragement. My price was New York.
$7.M) a barrel, and 1 claim that there
is two bushels in a barrel, though 50c. and $1.0O; all druggist.
there is really almost a half bushel
more. At first every hotel keeper
'kicked' at the price. said it was exor- Far er i e
bitant. as potatoes the average varie- r e ers
ties. were selling ill the Imarket alt F Th e r t Po wela
cents "Prepared Chemtle
(elts a IbushIel. ale for making
"I asked them to give mine a trial Fertllise~athome,
and let their guests decide. They dihn weresold. Istse.-
so. and as a result I sold all my crop ll mers in 22 Slat
before the winter was well begun, and O W a* lII usedthem. Let-
had received as Inany orders for the ead you a record
next season as I would take. of the results -
"You canl see that, after returnifig wn aloMous r an
tile aniount lborrowedl from my bank ulphate Potash,
account. there was not very much left Drti iAer Nitrate .oda and
that year. but as my father was will- F r t lE& W otherfirst-elamFer-
ing to sell me ten acres of land on cred- tilizer Materials
it I was not embarrassed for money. I W. 5. POWELL & CO.,
did not increase my acreage, but plant oose iret y ar Tm Baltimore, Md.
ed the new five acres in potatoes and
the five where potatoes had grown the
year before in corn and peas for food BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON.
for my mule. I fertilized highly, and al- 'or use in granaries to kill weevil, tode-
most doubled my yield of potatoes to stroy rats and gophers and to ke. p in
the acre. As a result I cleared $500, tsrom the etc.
and began the next year with plenty 2o CENTS PER POUND,
fut up In ten aslid fifteen pound cans
of food for my mule and corn enough n lfte, cents extra for the cans.
to make meal for my one hand. E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Jacksoelle.
"The third year was a good one, anm
my profits ran up to $1.t00. Last year
it almost touched two, and this year.
although my crop, that is, my potato
crop, is still in the ground. I think the
yield will be even greater. I have not a m akeet I at lhS r
planted more than five acres in pota- Mad. from bhicS'e d. Dolie*Os E..
toes, and do not expect to very soon, S0" cs r M r
hi lsl. Lria la w, MU3O ,Es,
8"4 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
A Plea for Bhubarb. ing this time the plant has accumulat-
Probably many of the readers of the ed a large quantity of reserve food ma- Farm er Att ntion !
Agriculturist sigh often for some of trial. and it is this material that sup- *
the good things omn l their old ports the growth of the petioles. In
the ood t c on i fall, just before the first heavy 8PECIAL
Northern homee, but which they (ca.n freeze is expected. the roots are plowed 8PRINQ
not get in Florida. Among them in out of the ground -nd left to freeze
mnally cases, this woltd doubtless il- All growers and experimenters, so far D08
lude -ie-at." The owing ecas I Ihailnve been able to learn, tonslder
elude "iean. he foowg this freezing very ne o Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
count of it we clip from the Soutlhern pilanits. Professor (ard of thle Ithode
Farm Magazine. The climate of Island experiment station writes of GEORGIA STOOK8.
Southern Texas is not so very different some experiments made to test the ef- SPRAYING OUTFITS,
from Florida, andl if rlnluarl can le feet of freezing on the forced plants m
from hord, ad if l an eas follows: 'Of those brought in after mad everything in Galoe and Parm Implement and aupplie
grown there, we do not see any reason freezing. the ones on the bench (which P ltry Netting r .. Biycls
why it can not be also grown her: had been brought in before the ground Poultry Netting Z ."T umbia Bi yC
"We have heard a great deal about froze and place where the light could CHA RTER OAK STOVfE.
diversification. I want to make an ap- strike them) were making considerable CARRARA PAINT, IROH PIPE, BOILERS AND POU PS
peal for rhubarb, or, as it is often and growth, there being many stalks three IRITE WOR PRICES
quite appropriately called, ie-Plant.' to four inches long with leaves n- H F NA San rd Plrid
To begin with, it is used to make good folding. In the darkness the plants. OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
pies. sauces and the like; has a strong brought in without freezing were mak-
acid flavor that is pleasant to most Ing little growth, while that which had -
palates. It is also a very healthy veg. first been frozen hlad sprung into rapid
table. The cultivated rhubarb is only growth, there l ing many excellent.
a hybrid fornn of the rhlnlarbs of the vigorous stalks, some twelve to twenty
medical herbalists. It is ready for use inche long. Of these, very little leaf
at an especially desirable season--some had developed. almost the entireSLOA N 'S LINIM EN T
weeks ahead of the common 'early' growth weing made up of stalk. The
vegetables. difference Ietween the frozen and .un-
"Rhularb Is generally grown in frozen pliats was surprising the un- BEST AITISEP TI UOE,
'grandmother's garden.' along the fence frozen ones having produced only a T E I gl I I USE
row or some other out of the way few stalks ole to three inches long.' AND
place. It will grow in most any cli- The frozen plants not only yield a
mate, but needs rich soil that is well much better product. hut in two-thirds TIE IREAT FRIEli TO MAl OR BEASTI
drained and not too dry. Its large the time required for unfrozen ones.
vigorous leaves evaporate a quantity One other point: Light is not requir- PGetrat Q41118i Pa at Ones.
of water, and in very dry times it will ed: in fact. best returns come where R Or fP ILT rti ,
be advisable to water. It may be the forcing is done in the dark. As I R U U T
grown from seed, but because of the the plants give off no bad odors, many
time required to develop strong plants, farmers grow a winter supply in the
it is generally advisable to grow the dwelling house cellar. The roots may Family Size................................. ...... 25c
plant from roots. These may be ob. be placed very close together; the only Horse Sizes....................... 5oc and *.oo
stained from most any seedman, and precaution necessary is to see that the
will cost about ten cents each retail, dirt covers all the roots, and that they Sloan' Pinkeye Fever and Distemper Cure
Linneaus and Victoria are the varie- do not become too dry. The tempera-r
ties commonly cultivated. Whether ture should range from 55 to 70 de-
grown from seed or roots, a rich soil agrees. After the roots have spent SAVES YOUR HORSES AND MULES-IS SURE CURE.
in require d to begin with, and should themselves they should be taken out, For Acclimating Green Horses and all horse Fevers. Cures laflam-
receive in addition liberal applications and nmay be cutt into eyes and planted Acclimating Green Horses ad all Horse Fever. C s n n-
of manures every season. Rhubarb is out in the open again to make new nation of Kidney or Bladder.
a voracious feeder, and gives a good plants.
return for all favors. "Still we should not forget that rhu- 1o0 and $4 Per Bottle.
"In growing plants from seed. we Iarb is a spring and summer vegetable.
begin by sowing thinly in a well-pre- 'We may supply the table in winter by
pared bed or cold frame in early spring. forcing, or by canning the summer |LI 'f
/The plants will be ready for trans- crown. It will te much sweeter if the ,JL.. J
planting in five to eight weeks, when sugar is added just before serving.
they are put twelve inches apart in The acid in the stalks converts sugar
rows in the open ground. In the fol- into glucose, thus lessening its sweet-
lowing spring transplant to rich, well- ening power."
manured ground, four or five feet each The above furnishes some goodS U R E C U R E
way. They should be cultivated as points that might be acted upon. Our Stops Pair Iristarntly. o Dr" olhrinf.
other garden crops, and in the succeed- experience with rhularb is that the
ing spring we may eat pies and rhu. plants do well the first year, but seem 26 doses and good glass syringe in package $I.oo.
barb sauce. Not more than half the to require that "freezing" mentioned
leaves should be pulled at one time, alwve to make the plants do well. The
and the first picking should not be plant requires a rich, moist and heav-
that close. The plant must be allowed ily mulched soil and for one year will Warranted to cure if taken in time or money refunded.
to establish itself thoroughly. If you give a good crop of leaves.-Ed. Sold and guaranteed by all druggists and dealers.
are inclined to complain that it is a old and guaranteed by all druggists and dealers.
long time about it, don't forget that it A New Industry-Dessicated _
is there for twenty years if you will Cassava.
only take the trouble to give the annu- Editlor Florida Agriculturint: PRBPARBD BY
al manuring. With a few plants you Under the above heading, there ap-
will have plenty for your own family peered in the Semi-Weekly Times-Un- D jAL S S L O A N
and some for your neighbors. The ion of the 9th of November an article DR L SL i
plant should not be allowed to seed. which contains many misleading state-
Cut off the flower stems as they ap- ments. although I fully believe that the Phorirnrll of St. Lial, IVo.
pear. They weaken the plant, writer of that article wrote such in S ,
"As indicated above, much quicker good faith. In the following I intend 1i, S. A.
returns can be obtained by planting to nake some remarks thereto, based
roots, and for a kitchen garden this upon actual facts and long practical
will likely be the most satisfactory experiences.
way to begin. The roots may be ob- Dessicated cassava is by no means a
trained by taking up the old plants and new product, such having been made
separating the eyes. for a great many years in other coun-
S"I would like to know if any of our ,tries where these roots grow, and is
Southern truckers have tried growing used more or less as a staple food for r e e
rhubarb for Northern markets. The mankind. Sometimes the growers use
Northern city markets consume tons tie product for feeding their cattle, etc.
of this delicious vegetable though the for instance in places where mill-feed,
months of lIeember. January, Febru- corn. etc.. are very high in price, or
ary and March. All this must be forced even seldom obtainable at all. Si W ATCHES
in artificially-heated houses or cellars. It would be utter folly to attempt
This. as everyone knows, greatly in- making food-products for man and
creases thd cost of growing. Neverthe- and teIwst front cassava on a large man-
less, Northern gardeners consider ufacturing scale, for sale and use in
forced rhubarb a profitable crop. Can the United States, as proposed in that
not Southern truckers compete with article, such could never find a profit-
"It may be of interest to note the are so abundant and cheap. But it is
method of forcing that is followed to entirely different when the individual
supply the midwinter table. Nothing growers or farmers, clean, cut up and Premium Offer No 1 a new Soubcriber ad
but strong, well-established plants are dry the roots in the open air and sun- $2a. will ceive an open-face, tem-wind
selected for forcing.. They are gener- shine for feeding their own animals ad sem-t watch, guaranteed by the manuacters for one year. Send your macrip-
ally three to five-year-old roots. Dur- at all seasons. This is exactly what I ras at em t o TMELORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jackoaville Fla
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
have so often suggested to Floridians
during the years 1898-'99, when resid-
ing in Florida.
During that same period I made ex-
periments with the pulp or sesidueof
the roots, after the extraction of the
available starch. The many analyses
that I got made of the dry pulp, by a
number of the best public analysts in
the U. 8. and abroad in the purse of
those two years, the market valuations
from samples with analyses put on the
goods by most prominent merchants
in the U. 8. and abroad, as well as my
own practical experiments of feeding
the dried pulp to horses, mules, cattle,
hogs and chickens were very encourag-
The dried pulp from starch works.
provided it has been dried at once in
a sweet or fresh state, is illn reality, a
more valuable feeding article than the
proposed dedicated cassava. as will be
seen from the comparative analyses
The drying of the pulp in the starch
factory will cost a great deal less than
the manufacture of the desa;cated cas-
sava for equal quantities of finished
The starch factories in Florida, I
understand are not yet making use of
their pulp, but throw it away as
"waste," In spite of my continued
strong recommendations to dry it for
feeding purposes, and for which pur-
pose the Planters' Manufacturing Com-
pany actually bought part of the neces-
sary machinery from me about fifteen
months ago. However, I suppose that
the very large profits, which those fac-
tories realize from the starch alone
make them altogether indifferent about
the by-products which if properly
cared for, would pay for nearly all the
running expenses of the entire factor-
ies. This is a fact with many of the
German potato starch factories.
These by-products consist of the
pulp and the wash-waters, which
latter contains nearly all the fer-
tilizing elements removed from the
soil by the roots, and should be re-
turned on the leads of the factories
which I intended to do, but the par-
ties would not listen to my advice.
Regarding the price mentioned in that
article of $20 per ton. dessicated cassa-
va be offered for Northern shipment..I
consider such entirely out of the ques-
tion. even if it should mean delivered
at New York, Chicago, etc. The larg-
est houses for feeding stuffs in New
York and Chicago. with whom I have
communicated in the meantime, inform
me that they would not be willing to
pay even $8 per ton delivered at those
places for the article, of which I gave
description and probable analysis.
Present prices in New York are, for
wheat bran, from $15 to $17 per ton;
for corn, (maize) $14 to $15 per ton;
brewers grains, $13 to $15 per ton, for
foreign shipment. I made a large con-
tracts a few days ago for brewers
grains, packed by machinery in strong
new bags, for foreign shipment at $13.-
50 per ton, delivered along side steamer
in New York.
Manufacturers' cost-price of dessicat
ed cassava, taking the figures given
in that article, it will require at least
3 1-3 tons of roots to produce one ton
of the finished product, (we must how-
ever, make allowance for sand, dirt
and other unavoidable losses in the
manipulations, so that it will take near
er four tons of roots for one ton ol
desslcated cassava, but I only calcu
late 3 1-2 tons of roots) at $6 per ton
delivered to the factory, makes $21, to
which must be added the manufactur-
ing expenses, interest on invested rap
ital and the deterioration of plant
which will bring the total cost-price of
dessicated cassava to between $23 aid
$24, most likely the latter figure. II
we halve the price for the roots. say
$3 per ton, this would reduce the cost
price of the dessicated cassava to near
ly $12 per ton at factory, which I be
lieve could not even be obtained for I
in Jacksonville at retail.
I have my doubts about the keeping
qualities of the dessicated cassava and
its freedom from attacks of weevil
and similar insects, in fact, my exper
lence has taught me the reverse.
The most valuable constituents ii
any feeding article are protein and fat,A night T
in both of which cassava, and conse-
quently dessicated cassava is equally
deficient, therefore, its value is much And Omlt 691 IM asua Thm I Hve
less than other products mentioned in
the following analyses, which haveI DO B i Tw ry YTewn."
mostly been taken from bulletin No. Colonel T. P. Moody, a prominent
.7., page 231 and 233: Knight Templar, well known in every
city in theUnited Stateswest ofBuffalo,
S 8 8 8 8 8 N.Y., aJeweler'sAuctioneer. Inthe
o o o 2 city of Chicago as a prominent lodge
man, being a member of the K. T.' and
SJS also of the Masons. The eat shows
S2 8 8. & Colonel Moody in the costume of the
I d o Oriental ConsistoryMaMon,8d degree.
a In a recent letter from 500 Michigan
s ? 8 avenue, Chicago, Ill., Mr. Moody says
2 o 6 d ot h thetollowlng:
S"For over twenty-fve year I suffered
86 8 oo o from catarh, and for over ten yea I
Ssu offered from catarrh of the stomach
I 5 terribly.
S*I have taken all kinds of medicines
and have been treated by all kinds of
doctors, as thousands of my cnualint-
E oam m are aware in different pa >,t the
" : r United State, where I have traveled,
Sbut my relief was only temporary,ntil
SQ H little over a year ago 1 started to take
Perana, and at the present time I am
o a! betterthan I havebeenfortwentyyeas.
t , O "T- sere Am left l sr ft-mc
- titfly &ad Iam fre from efaMstba
muMbi at y Af, iMt Wt o M
ad - and dlq nl amd wifl say i* afl who
U c am troau with orsi ah tinh
For the cassava pulp I have taken ad ftr, ho a m n to Ae ra ff
then average from 26 analyses. a h t iske Pm 'ui
The valuable oil to which your cor- r &swsy' W kse a 1mi ya
restpondent refers, has ne'Ver been ar cubr, as ymou wr wW be Afy
found lIy any Ilist in cassava roots, p worm.
no matter from which country the "My wife,as many in the southwest
roots have been obtained, I presume he can say,wa troubled with a bad cough
got mixed with reports on "corn or nad bronchial trouble, and doctors all
maize." from which a valuable oil is over the country gave her uptodie, as
extractedl in starch-making. they could do nothing more for her.
Another noint I would like to men- hebegantakingPeranswith theresult
tion. which the article in question that she is better now than she has been
states, namely: "It enables them to dig n yeas, and her cough has almostleft
their roots all at one time. etc. A fac- her entire. The soreness h left her
tory to work up 1(K) tons of roots a
day con tinuous work. represents a very lungs and she is as well as she ever was
large plant. perhaps much larger than in her life,with thans,as she says, to
your correspondent may think, and cer- Perna n Yours very truly,
tainly larger than any of the present T. P.Moody.
starch factories in Florida, but even atarrh assumes many forms and at-
if we calculate that such factory could teeksmanyorgans. ColonelMoodyhad
handle every day 250K tons of roots, it catarrh of the stomach, while his wife
would take at least 3 1-2 months to had catarrh of the lungs. Both were
handle a crop of :304.MN tons of roots, cured byPerun, simply becausecatarrh
DIo you believe that the Salamanders is catarrh, wherever located. It may b
and ground rats will sleep all that attack one organ or another. Itmaybe r
time? chronic or acute. It may cause one a
Beware of entering into any new in- slightinconvenienceor great offering. A
clustry. before you have thoroughly in- Diseases that catarrh set up recalled 1
ventigated the matter in every direc-
tion and found it safe and sound.
I am the originator of tne cassava
starch industry in Florida, but I did
not enter it or bring it to the notice
of other parties until I was quite sure
of the results, which I have proved by
practice in spite of the greatest ob-
stacles in every direction. Since then
one factory at least has obtained simi-
lar results, proving that my statements
were correct and that my guarantees
could be fulfilled.
There is certainly a. great future for
the cassava industry in Florida. Start
co-operative factories in suitable local-
ities, and you will benefit the entire
communities, especially the farmers.
Philadelphia, Nov. 16, 1900.
The article referred to by the writer
above is the following:
Desiccated Cassava as Stock eed.
Since the cassava convention, held
at Sanford, in January last, where
there assembled the largest gathering
of representative farmers and men in-
terested in the agricultural growth of
the State, there has been a widespread
interest shown in the development of
This new industry. Factories have
been established at several points in
the State. and a large acreage of cas-
sava planted, the main idea being the
manufacture of starch. But the ques-
tion of using cassava for stock feed
has also been an important one. The
report of Prof. H. E. Stockbridge of
Sthe Florida Experiment Station,
made at the convention, and publish-
Sed in the Times-Union and Citizen at
the time, attracted attention. President
Frank G. Perkins of the Planters' Man-
ufacturing Company was one of the
first to recognize Professor Stock-
bridge's original and practical work,
in pointing out this possibility of indus-
trial growth, and he has for the past
year given the matter of cawtava as a
stock feed special attention.
On the occasion of a recent visit to
the factories of the Planters' Manufac-
turing Company, your correspondent
obtained an interesting Interview with
President Perkins, and the result of
the experiments made will be of value
to the agricultural interests of Flor-
The Planters' Manufacturing Com-
nany is located at Lake Mary, a sta-
tion five miles from Sanford, on Crys-
tal river, a large body of pure water.
They have over an acre of floor space
devoted to the cassava business, and
eight hundred acres in plantations.
They are now installing the first plant
in the world for the drying of cassava
for stock feeding. For a year cassava
prepared experimentally in this way
has been used on their plantations for
horses, mules and milch cows, and this
new department of their business has
been the result of their careful tests.
The objection to cassava as a stock
feed, has been the difficulty of keeping
it. It has been necessary to dig it ev-
ery few days, then the roots are wash-
ed, and pounded or chopped up. The
land in the meantime. is occupied until
all the cassava is dug. The new feed
product. which in concentrated cassava.
made by the Planters' Manufacturing
Company, is as dry as bran, keeps in-
Celeel T. P. Me4y, f Ma--m .
oy various names but they are all it
reality catarrh. Peruna cures catarrh
Address The Peruna Medicine Co,Co-
ambus, 0., or a free book oncataurh.
definitely. and seems exempt from any
attack of weevil, so troublesome in
many feeds. 'The weight of actual
feeding substance per ton of prepared
cassava is 1.8(0) pounds. while in the
natural root there are <'i2 pounds ot
feeding material per ton of roots, the
remainder, 6 I-r -cent. of the entire
weight, being water.
Thle prepared cassava contains 50
per cent. of stirclh. the remainder be-
ing the valuable oil, sugar. fat, etc..
present in the original root. condensed
into the feed. This product has a value
estimated at $20 per ton. and the Plant-
ers' ManufactUring Company has been
offered this sum for Northern ship-
ment. The value to the Florida far-
mers of this feed product is very great,
as it enables them to dig all their
roots at one time if they wish. ship to
the factory, and procure enough of the
concentrated cassava for their year's
supply. They are thus insured against
loss by salamanders and ground rats,
and they have their land free to pre-
pare early for other crops.
President Perkins feels satisfied with.
the tests made, and predicts a materi-
al increase in the cultivation of cassa-
va, which will mean much to the ag-
ricultural interests of the state. From
home consumption there is no reason
why this industry should not spread,
and concentrated cassava be shipped
to all parts of the country. The growth
of this manufacture will be closely
watched by all interested in the de-
velopment of Florida.-Fernald. in
Florida Fariter and Fruit Grower.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.
Fresh Stable Manure.
A correspondent of the American
Agriculturist makes the following as-
se. tion :
"'A farmer who allows his manure
to lie in the barnyard for six months
or a year and then hauls it out and
plows it down for corn br any other
crop is a back number and nine times
out of 10 will make a failure of farm-
The above may be true on heavy clay
soil. or even strong clayey loam. On
such soil at the North we formerly
made a practice of plowing under
fresh stable manure. But in Florida.
on a light sandy soil. we should do
no such thing. That is we should not
plow under manure from the horse
stable full of strawey bedding until
it was at least partially rotted. Our
light soils have a tendency to dry out
too rapidly in their natural state and
the addition of a quantity of strawey,
fresh stable manure, would only make
it dry out faster. This. of course, has
nothing to do with the practice of
"cowpenning" where the droppings
are free from litter and are trampled
into the earth very soon and largely
incorporated with the soil by the feet
of the cattle.
Answers to Correspondents.
Editor Frrtilirr Drmsrtmlrnt:
Will you please give ne your opinion
as to whether or not (as House Oys-
ter Shell Limle would lie Ien-eticial
either as a fertilizer or insecticide ;p-
plied to diseased orange trees. Also
if 1450 pounds of phosphoric acid de-
rived from ncid phlosphate would Iw
.s lieneficial as ihe same derived from
dissolved mone. IH. W. S.
Winter Haven, Fla.
If your orange trees are troubled with
die-back oyster shell lime would only
aggravate the case. as it would free
the ammonia that is already il the soil.
Its insecticide effects on the orange are
very doubtful. While it is good to ap-
ply to a chicken house to drive away
fleas or mites, the scale or other ill-
sects on the orange trees. would not
be very much affected by it when ap-
plied to the ground.
As to the value of 1iNI pounds of
phosphoric acid from acid phosphate
as conUpared to the saIme amiilonlt de-
rived from hone. there is a wide diver-
sity of opinion. Some chelists clailln
that there is absolutely no difference
between phosphoric acid from rock and
phosphoric acid from lmne. while there
are others who contend that the phos-
phoric acid from bone is more easily
assimilated by the plant and gives
better results than from acid phos-
phate. Our personal experience with
the orange tree in making quality and
quantity of fruit has been that lphos-
phoric acid from bone gives the Iwst
results. and we believe that the menc
who have made this subject a careful
study will corroborate this statement.
For farm crops, such as cotton, corn
-and othel things where the fine qual-
ity is not so much an object. phosllor-
le acid from acid phosphate would an-
swer every purpose.
Editor Fertilizer Departnintit:
I notice in your last issue that your
correspondent. C. B. W., of Lemon
City. wrote about your die-back ferti-
lizer, and Bordeaux mixture.
On my return home, I found that a
good many of my young trees had got
it. Is it time yet to apply your ferti-I There are always some things that a DO YOU GET UP
lizers. or rather wait till spring? My I man can not afford to raise, except for
trees are on a peninsula on that sandy. gratification rather than profit. These WITH A LAMTE BACK 9
thirsty. dry sand. They were mulched, alre those things that take his time
Ilald It'ggarweed grown between. I front things that pay better. A farmer
lever did spare fertilizer, and no doubt call afford to raise things which do not Kldy Trouble Makes You lMseLrabl
I gave too muich. yield him a profit, if they are raised at
Now when and how shall 1 apply the times when his help would otherwise Almost everybody who reads the news-
remedy? 1 :1a1n cultivating between be idle. papers is sure to know of the wonderful
rmTle iisit r 11 UIS ; -- ideally pl-anned farm is the one cures made by Dr.
rows. raising peas and beans, applying The ideally planned farm is the one t cl Kilmer's Swamp-Root
; compost niade from sonme of the re- whereon the work is the best distri- the great kidney, liver
fuse during last winter. 1 4did it pre- buted throughout the year; where and bladder remedy.
viously. too; may be that is the cause, there are the fewest rush seasons and t'' ist the great medi-
but it was not put to the trees directly, the fewest dull times; wherein there caltriumph of the nine-
but in the rows. buried four to six is a chance of steady employment, so teenth century; dis-
nchles under. illat one can obtain the best help possi- covered after years of
What kind of stock would be the best ble and keep it. scientific research by
to plant on that kind of land? Trifoli- Cros can be adjusted so that one It Im thDr. Kilmer, the emi-
l:I is too slow. In fact. on account shall "not tread too hard on the heels -. nent kidney and blad-
of freezes, some trees are smaller than of the other. I am not a believer in der specialist, and is
when planted. but tley don't grow any raising only one thing, but there is wonderfully successful in promptly curing
how. L. D. more ill raising one thing for all you lame back, kidney, bladder, uric acid trou-
Dlaytona. Fla. are worth than in raising many things blesandBright'Disease,whichtheworst
Yon can apply the die-back fertilizer that nflict. For business reasons, orofkidne trouble Roo not reo-
te ocrosiystem io bus ;butess ter Dr. Klmer's Swamp-Root i not rec-
t a ti. A it cotains no mmo- the one-crop system is bad; but better ommendedforeverythingbutifyouhavekid-
results are surer from one money crop ney. liver or bladder trouble it *111 be found
Ilia it would have no stimulating ef- on which the emphasis is laid than ust the reedy you ned. It hasbeentested
feet. Your compost, although applied on five or six equally important. One insomanyways, in hospital work, in private
in tle middles. is within reach of the money y crops rotated with crops that do practice, among the helpless too poor topur-
tres. roots of an orange tree will ot interfere much with it, crops main- chase relief and has proved so successful in
e rs of rane te illy for home consumption. soil improve- every cas that a special arrangement has
travel a long way for stimulating food 'nent. etc.. is thoroughly good farm- been made by whichall readersofthispaper
(aillIll(niln ). If you. dig into the soil at ing. and is only beaten by two or three whohavenot already tried it, may have a
the line of (coIlM)st, you will find root-1 moneyy crops which do not conflict. sample bottle sent free by mail, also a book
les there. Use no fertilizer containing: This phase of tle matter, this ques. telling more about Swamp-Root and how to
les there. se no0 fertilizer (olnng, tion of mlethlod in farming seems flndout if you havekidney or bladdertrouble.
aminnia. In the spring, just when thel to be ignored in our Southern agricul- When writingmention reading thisgenerous
new growth starts out. spray with Bor- tulral papers, and the result is often offer in this paper and
deaux lnixture. Watch the new growth this: That a man is encouraged to bet- send your address to
loely d if any sigs of die-hack ter himself at the expense of his phy- Dr. Klmer&Co.,Bing-
elO.'elV a4 Iingfit signsrlthr tla ll i. a hamton, N. Y. hed
iwar spray agaiin. continuee to use the r regular fifty cent and nmeanesllm-pl.L
special fertilizer till all symptoms of Articles Made From Corn. dollar szes are sold by all good druggist.
of thle diseall su dli.sflllla llP thl lie ileilhkA -hse '-li:.l+; I f
ol lliP (e et'ilaSe (sappell ar)|[itl, enll use, I
complete fertilizer containing a high
mr('entage of potash.
We would suggest the use of roughly
Icnion stock on your soil.
Diversity vs. Special Farming.
The following from the pen of C. (i.
White, of Hastings. in the Florida
Farmler and Fruit Grower, is a timely
warning to the farmer who has paid,
or is liable to pay, too much attention
to the continued harping on the sub-
ject of diversification by the agricul-
tural papers. Each side of the subject
of course, is of importance, but it
would be well for the farmer who is
spending his energies il a great many
directions. just to stop and ponder
awhile after lie reads what Mr. White
The agricultural papers of the South
have one supreme howl; it is. "Diver-
sify your crops." and "keep stock."
Now. I do not attempt to deny that
there is reason in this; the South cer-
tainly needs diversified crops and
stock. but that the individual farmer
needs them ill an undigested lump is,
I believe. a rank fallacy.
Take, for example, a man keeping a
few cows. pigs. sheep. mules, chick-
ens. bees, etc. These, if half decently
attended to. mean either long hours or
a very short time between chores for
field work. If stock is a man's main
liusiness. this is all right: if it is a side
issue, it is all wrong. It means the
wearing out of thle mllan and a diver-
sion of strength from the nmin objects.
A man has only i certain amount of
tillmend edur and edll andl resources. If
these are overcrowded. he works at a
disadvantage; some things must be
neglected, and the probability is that
nothing will lie more than half done.
to say nothing of the various and as-
sorted troubles in the shape of disease
ind a accidents that come up. A man
gets more incolne by attending to a
few things well. and by having proper
applliances for the work in hand.
These last, lie (can not afford, unless he
is a specialty farmer. An expensive
tool for a few acres, ice and cream se-
parators for a cow or two, incubators
and brooders for a few hens, these are
not economlical, from a business stand-
If a man's delight is in stock, the
thing for his pleasure and profit is to
take up some one branch of it, or may-
lie two that do not conflict, and then
swing his farm into line to supply the
T le nIUmler of articles or commerce
that are now being made from corn
Ias reached twenty-nine, and every
particle of the grain is at present turn-
ed into some useful product. The glu-
cose s ugar refining companies alone
manufacture this number of products,
and the number of bushels of corn con.
shined by their factories in the United
States reaches well into the millions.
The following is a list of the products
lnow being manufactured front corn
without the use of any other compon-
Mixing glucose, of three kinds, used
by retiners of table syrups, brewers,
leather manufacturers, jelly makers,
fruit preservers and apothecaries.
Crystal glucose, of four kinds, used
by Manufacturing confectioners.
(rllape sugar. of two kinds, used by
brewers principally, and also by tan-
Anhydrous sugar, used by ale and
Ieer brewers and apothecaries.
Pearl starch, used by cotton and pa-
Powdered starch, used principally
by making powder manufacturers, and
also by cotton and paper mills.
Refined grits, used in place of brew-
ers' grits; they are giving better re-
Flourine. used by mixers of flour
without detriment, except as to feel-
ing that a corn product is taking the
place of a wheat product.
Four kinds of dextrine, used by fine
fabric makers. paper box makers. mu-
cilage and glue makers, apothecaries,
and manly industries requiring a strong
Corn oil, used by table oil mixers,
lubricating oil mixers, manufacturers
of fibre, shade cloth manufacturers.
paint manufacturers, and in many
similar industries where vegetable oils
Corn oil cake. gluten food. chop feed
and gluten meal, all cattle-feeding
stuffs of a very high grade and capable
of being scientifically fed with superior
Rubber substitute. a substitute for
crude rubber, and very extensively
Corn germ, the material from which
the oil and cake are obtained.
British gum, a starch which makes
a very adhesive medium. and is used
by textile mills for running their col-
ors. as well as by manufacturers who
require a very strong adhesive medium
that contains no trace of acid.
(Granulated gum, which competes
with gum arabic, is used successfully
ill its place. and finds a ready prefer-
ence by reason of the absence of any
Probably the most important in the
above list of products is rublier sub-
stitute. the substance which Chicago
chemists have recently brought to per-
fection. This new rubber made from
the waste of ordinary yellow corn will
cheapen the price of rubber goods 25
ler cent. Corn rubber must be combin-
ed with an equal quantity of Para rub-
her to give it general utility. Twenty
chemists have been employed at the
Chicago refinery for a year in bringing
this new rubber to perfection. The
greatest difficulty has been to make a
product that would resist heat. At
last the chemists have developed a
quality of corn rubber that will bend,
stretch and show all the resiliency of
the best Para, which is the standard
of commerce. In the manufacture of
glucose part of the corn-about 5 per
cent.--ould be utilized. This waste is
what will be transformed into the new
substitute for rubber. Corn rubber has
also the same appearance as the ordi-
nary reddish brown rubber. Oil of
corn. from which principally the rub-
ber is made, does not oxidize readily.
Its tendency toward oxidation is one
of the principal defects of India rub-
ber. The chemists who have been
working on the corn rubber declare
this to be an enormous advantage for
the new product. Articles manufactur-
ed from it will always remain pliable
and not crack. It is calculated that
corn rubber can be sold at six cents
a pound. It can be adapted to nearly
all the uses to which ordinary rubber
is put. from bicycle tires to linoleum.
-New York Sun.
TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady, cured of her deness and
notome in the head by Dr. Nloebmoon'
Artifcial Ear Drams, gave $1, to his
Institute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may have them
free. Address lic. The Nicbolso In-
stitute. 780 Eighth Avenue. New York.
A man may be said to have reached
a ripe old age when he begins to fall
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. g'
FL.ORAL DEPAUBWEr. plants showed. these damped off, or foliage plants and are much prized as H f AA
BY W. C. STEELE, died off. till only seven were left. a pot plant for the window garden or
SThe glass was removed as soon as the planted in tubs on the lawn during the
SWITZERLAND. FLORIDA plants were well defined. Several snunnner. W W
were transferred to other pots and But those greenhouse plants arei no Pain back of your
Who has anly seed of Horse Beans? Ixes. Some bloomed the first year. to Ie compared with the grand plants
Years agoa species of (iiavali was When tihe leaves began to die down growing in the open ground here it eyes? Heavy pressure
esar .o i gshcs of (.ivalia was ..witer was withheld. and when brick South Florlda. in your head? And are
common in this neighborhoods under lry they were put away from frost ill fere they flourish like weeds. their you sometimes faint and
the name of "llorse Bean." It 1has the Ipots. Some standt in enlpty boxes; foliage always glowing with brightest dizzy? Is your tongue
entirely disappeared and we would in the Ihouse where roaches and rats tints and now the cool autumn days coated Bad tate
like a few seeds, could not get them. Three were left are come, "Dame Nature" assisted by COSt
ke afin thie large box and covered with glass "o)ld Sol." ihas painted the foilage with your mouth? And does
The ;il1s tre a foot or more in and put inl the closet. 'When the bulbs rillest autunlll tilts until the plants your food distress you?
length and about two inclies wide. Tlhe started this spring from the dry dirt. :n.re fairly dazzling to the eves. A.e you nervous and ir-
beans are very large, redl iani very they were given light. water and fresh .\Aclyphas are used for hedges here. ritable? Do you often
showy. If any onl will send uts a few I rt leaving the ball of p:wked earthl ad are always beautiful although have the blues? And
show fillisU'r(e. 'h ox was set on thie .Il('k 4Frost does sometimes touch their
of the beans we shall be greatly oblig- b: .k of the, east plorch and one was beautiful leaves with his mschievos e you troubled about
ed and will be glad to return the favor. a deep red blossom tile other proved to lingers, and cause tliIe to drop off sleeping ?
* be white. mottled with pink. beautiful- ,lut in a few days new leaves put out i __ ____r
Datura uSaveolens. ly fringed. The leaves were illmnense. and we almost forget there has beel
We ordered last spring a plant of ald at one time we counted forty buds such a thing as a frost here. ta i %V mw
Datura Arborea, the plant received *nd blossols. tlhongh part of them .eatlypha marginata is the variety But their is a cure.
Ihlastet. It wast very lbetutiful. so Inost used for Iheges. having pretty. 'Tis the old reliable
however. proves to lbe 1e I). SiitiVo- were tie lpure white ome's. the white oval poilltedi leaves of a rich bronze
lens. Probably it is just as desirable with pink throats, andi the white green edged with a crealiy white
for ornament. with purple throats. shading to a pink. which in Autumn
It Is a perennial and is known in Di'd you ever see a Hoya (wax plant) turns to a rich crimson.
with variegated leaves? We have one. Acnlypha musical las crly, varie-
etUltivatlon aIs Angel's Trumpets." tie leaves green with white edges, gated leaves. beautifully splashed.
The plant has not grown very well, climbing over a window. Some of tile striped and dotted with rich ttits of
though set on very rich soil. IDturas shoots are creamy white. others are green, red and yellow.
usually are very vigorous nd we canl light p1ink. It is. ; very free bloomer. Acalyplla tricolor has the sale clir-
Stlollgil this year it lhas resented its re- ions Imarkiigs. only tile leaves ar-e flat
not aceeount for this not having done llo val to i st es bty window, aIIl instead of being curled or twisted, 1an4
Letter. It did not bloom until Novemi not. show a .i Ibu. the. colors lighter.
ier. Then it bloomed all at once. four- To keep it from freezing last winter .llha M.,fe is nof
telen pure white trunlmw shaped flow. it was Ilid oIl tlhe loulnge l4nd covered. P aAcaly_'lh a Mttafellt is ttle of the
Spu white tr broke off several feet. "hese richest and brightest colored, andi I rg-
ers. six inches wide across tle mouth were plnimted is cuttings. A half dozen est leavtel vaieties. The new leaves
and front nine to twelve inches long. are now growing finely. I lost my first Iltre it light red or rose color. turning as
Datura flowers seldom last more than Illant front giving slips too freely from thy ature to I dark ibrone red, They act directly on
one. or at most two days. But these it. Perhaps it is the severe pruning it rimn the liver. They cure
retained their freshness and beauty for is sulking' .i.al.yplar Miltonian is Cf dwarf sort. 1 constipation,biliousness,
ahothit a tveek fpresltnessrr aiid Isztti for (Oxford. 1111. Acalyplhlti Miltoniauia is, It lwarf sort, sick headache, nausea,
about a week. The plant crowned with * with narrow twisted or curled leaves. sick headache, nausea,
its circle of pendent trumpets was a Cornus Florida-White Flowering light green edged with creanmy white. and dyspepsia. Take a
sight rtoi fr o ee. Dogwood. .\alypha Sanderi. tlte luch adver laxative dose each night.
Sight ort gdilor Floral I)Depart ent: tised "'(i enlille in. or "iilipline or 60 years years they
SAmlong the various kinds of trees M'1edus'." or "lDewey l'l:Ini." is a wonl have been the Standard
Protection. growing In the U'nitle States that tend der. indeed with its petty green fol- Family Pills.
A correspondent this week nlientions to add0l IWenuty to thle spring landscape, i:lge and long velvety. bright coral *rim tam AN it 1 nfl f
having laid a valuable plant on a there are few that equal ('ornuls Flor- red flower stems Ian incll ill dliletet IhretakenAyer's Pillr rega-
lounge and covered to keep it froln i1. which. with its large. pure white and tiwo feet or more in length. 1rly for six months. The
fibl which ossolms is :a object of Iadliration This wonderful pillnt wtas discovered e no da ro two to four
freelig. whih reultei t loss to the Iweholder. Beautiful though it is by tlat great traveling botanist. Monl- mile without getting tired or out
several feet of the to). in its wild state, it is still more so sieur Mihllolitz. iln New (;uitne. where of bse'toh, something I hae "t
been abie to do for many yrmr-s
There are il1aiy Floridhl houses in when cultivated. Then, the top thick 'be found it growing wild everywhere. S. E. WALWOM,
which plants taret not safe during se- lens ilp. tith foliage is of a deeper green even fromi the roofs of the Mind huta July 1, l4. 8alem am.
a cold witht sole xtr pte- tl' Ibossomls mlor thickly massed of tlhe tnatives. IM e # o .
vere (4- lh with so extra Irot' ,together. In its trlanspllnitation last Collecting a1 few sl'ellntens of thle if l u t any compint wbahtev
tion. There is. h however. a better way witer lIow'ever. mily success was not plant he carried them on foot to Singa- nd si el.rit the es dot
than laying tlhem down to cover them. very fltateringalll I saved but one out of Ipire. : distance of three thousand five freelY. You wil reive assromps" r
The higher they aire from the floor tle three taken ll and set out. Several hlndred miles. and shipped liem to a D. J. C. ATER, Lwenl, Masm.
better. it is always coldest near ilt(- times tlth two that afterward died es- florist. who at once saw their great
s ayte l to grow. landl :IS Inl1any times the beauty as a Ipot plant, and after pro.
floor. huds were cult back by s:.iders. till pagating a large stock offered them for
Paper is a Iwtter protection from cold finally they succumbI'led to the inevita- sale.
than cloth. especially cotton. A few 'le'. I will try tlhe experiment again Unlike most new plants that are I)op- great woeole and is beautiful too. I
thicknesses of old newspaper pinld this season. hut will transplant t at ulari. for a season or two. then Imetomei vote for our corl. K. C. Burrill.
lonely sout od l et will c irr it s ife lest two lilonthls earlier than before. old. or relplaeed Ily newer varieties, this Oxford, Fla.
closely about .i plant will carry it s.ife- The ilogwosil i;,s bll ;I source (If A-calypha has become more popular ev- *
ly through a very- cold night. If you delight to 1e since I learned to ad- cry year iand the nullber sold every Answers to Correspondents.
have your plants on a stand that can Inire tle lealltiful: which carries s tilt season reaches into the millions. No. 1. The wild flowers are so very
be moved away frol the window, a ikltk to all early stage of ly existence. Aealypla odlseffiana is another new lweautiful. lut is there 1no way we can
m aWhene butt af little 11y-. .11141 the larg- \ aIlriety, withl l;tge. Itright green leaves learn their nanles? We 'onllmon folks.
permanent cover llmay Ibe malllde from or extent of land iil thil' locality ill broad lly nla'gi ile with t.really white, I n!lean.
papers pasted together so as to form a which I lived was nt unbroken forest. :1 Ieaul :tifnl lat inl le cotrat with No. 1. Is there ,aln sure way to
box-like cover to fit down over tile whose lodepth resoultded w tith tite melo tilhe I. l- cIlord varieties. make d lant bhloo*? A Carnation
stand and be almost air-tight. It dious olngs of ills tllat ipursuel their The Acalyphas are certainly the Dlanlted last fall just grows and fills
tiolrse-s nilniolested. alnd ill wlmqiose twi- glory or our lawnstV l flo'wver gardens the box alit] tufts till iti does not
plants are kept on a shelf Inear (lie i shade wild flowers were profus lry of or lans a lower gaerde the sox a ndp tufte f ut does ot
window. they should be noved away l3yt inter. rs.d ;ts far as the eye could uttings. Select a branch showing well : nd is tre y reaso w
at night to a table in center of the reach. a newcomer moved into the iensle wood, cut it off smoothly, g.. Al d s tihre rigt ry reason why Be.
room and there given the necessary nrighhlorhood. alld pro eled to o trin;ll the leaves and set in a ox 1sittir g r. by te G as
lul a farll. It lleerim a IC for t *i in i i ie. hn s I should rot off dry ill or never start.
Sa farn, i leeringg a place for of soil. in shady piace. and keel) well ~ivlell given ihe sale tr'reatmentt?
protection. thie doorward. one of the workmen, watettred. C. B.
presumablly through ignorance, cut E. C. B.
Gloxinias, Etc. dolyn a Dogwood tree which kind na- After the cuttings start to grow set No. 1. We will naule wild flowers,
Editor Floral LDrertmcnt: ture had generously planted. y Where_ then in tlhe sun. and transplant when
The Gloxinia was always a favorite 111)11 the lady of the house, who was a well rooted. far as ossile. if good pressed spe.
flower with us and unlike some of our wolma of great taste. cale out an d m .Frs. Jennie F. Dickerson. cimens are sent to us. They should al-
favorites would grow and do well if gave hiiu a severe lecturing, declaring Miani. Florida. ways include blossoms. leaves, part of
given light and not glaring sun. Seems that not for twenty-five dollars would stem and seeds and seed pods.
to live on east winds. Early last spring she have had it destroyed. ur National Flower. 2. No, but usually a little stars
we procured a fifteen cent package of Years ago the spirit of this good wo- Editor 'loral IDeprtment: r i of the roots will
need. Then took a flat box and nearly man winged its flight to that region It should be a flower that is grown in atio or 'ramping of the roots wil
filling it with a mixture of dirt from wherein stands tile tree of life. which every section. so it can truly renre- cause bloom. Often a plant that is
the cow-pen and woods, sifted, wet till I'waer twelveli' mnnhter of fruit, and sent the whole oullntry. It ouglt to growing too vigorously will not bloom.
it was soaked: with a rule laid it off whose leaves are for the healing of the Ibe something useful, that it may stand See our delairtnlent inpaper of Octo-
in squares a finger long. dentel it in ilations: yvet I will never forget het for the solid working class niany of wr 4tl for nicount of otr own ex
a little. In each corner a tiny seed .inst appreciation of her stately floral whom care little for inere sentiment. r h f ot o r ow
was dropped. a little dry dirt sifted favorite "thus inconsiderately sacri- It ought to Isw some plant that is ierience in this line.
over it and glass laid oil the top of tited, nor feel that its estimated value distinctly American, not all imported No. 3. It seems unaccountable. Of
the box. It was set on an east oorch was at all over-drawn. M. flower run wild. Golden rod is heauttl course, there is a reason, though not
where it got only the early sun. but ful and has many admirers among apparent. egonias are very sen-
light all day. It kept moist until the Acalyphas. whom am I. Still the Maize is all this a'par
tiny plants come up, then was never Acalyphas, as grown in the green- and more too; it represents a great tive to over watering. perhaps the soil
allowed to dry out entirely. Soon the houses at the North, are very pretty many industries and thoughts of a may have been too wet.
s88 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Entered at the post-office at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
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Subscribers when writing to have the address
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WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBEIt 21. 9Ith).
Elsewhere we publish an article on
rhubarb. The writer speaks of the fact
that ]imany of our readers who come to
Florida from the Northern states, miss
many fruits and vegetables to which
they are accustomed at their old
Among these there is no doult that
raspberries occupy a prominent place.
Next to strawberries. they are the
most commonly grown and used of any
of the small fruits. Prolably some of
our readers may have tried to grow
them here without success, and others
having heard that they can not ie
grown here, have accepted the state-
ment without testing its truth. Yet
it is a mistake. Rasplerries can ie
grown 111 Florida. for we have had
ripe berries here.
We do not claim that they c tn be
made profitable. If the fruit could be
bought in our markets at 25 cents per
quart, it would doubtless be cheaper to
buy them than to try to grow them.
Still fresh berries picked from vines
in the garden are very much nier'r
than any that can hle uItighlt in the
market anywhere, for the raspberry is
a very delicate fruit. and does not
stand carriage to market without danl-
age. For all who can afford the ex-
pense and are willing to take the ne-
cessary trouble. there is a method of
cultivation which will insure a small
crop of raspberries every year.
The secret consists simply in get-
ting new plallts every year from the
North, front Octoler to I)ecenmber,
setting them out in good soil, well fer-
tilized, and taking good care of them.
In sending the order, it will be neces-
sary to specify that you want plants
in clumps, not single stems usually
sent out as plants. Another specifica-
tion in the order must be that the tops
shall be left from a foot to eighteen
inches in length. Such plants would
would yield quite a fair crop of fruit
the next May or June. Most of them
would probably die out before the next
full. Possibly some of them could lie
kept over by giving the soil a heavy
inulchi of pine straw, wire grass or
long moss. and shading front the mid-
day heat of our summer sun by a lathe
'The Itest variety for Florida would
prolaly be the Cuthbert. Plants of
tis variety ;ire offered by the P. J.
Hereki:In's Company, who advertise
int the Agriculturist, at $2.1 ) ner hun-
dred pilots. As the price is for ordi-
nary nursery plants, such plants as we
described would cost two or three
tiles i s Illnnc ll.
W\e h:Iave no doult liut that a variety
ml;ly hle produced by growing seedlings
that would be acclimlatizel and that in
a few years we might hope to add the
red rasIplirry to our list of fruits.
Now lhat Florida has n fair sized
'ro-i of oranges to harvest, there will
i .- cmimissiol tirmll galore to handle
IlItem. sid tIhe man with brass in his
hand andl brass in his cheek will I e an
every day occurrence,. We wish to
again warn our growers against ship-
pilng or consigning a; box of oranges or
a crate of vegetables to a commission
firin tlhat has no established reputation.
A solicitor -can promise great things
for "ills housee" and it often leads to
a colnsiglnment of a few boxes or crates
just for a trial. Iult which is in mros0
t.casets thlie last flie slippers hear of
theli. There are reliable commission
houses, firns that have spent years In
Inbilding llu a legitimate business, lo-
cated in all the large cities and lmanya
of then have Irranch houses in several
cities, therefore there is no excuse for
not shipping to well-known houses.
A grower who ships promniscuously
ought to lose. for he is simply en-
(couinging the shysters to keep up their
systematic method of swindling the
people. Itecently the mnemlers of ai
colnimission firm in Louisville, Ky.,
were arrested and their business broken
ilp. It is estimated that there was be-
tween $8.Nt) and $10.000 worth of
goods on the way to them when the
Police took possession. This firm had
o(isnetIl ilp with line stationary, and
naiaid a big flourish :Is to what they
would and could do. and had they bee i
able to carry on their business as laid
onit. they would have swindled hun-
tdreds of people and pocketed thous-
ands of dollars. Again we say. Be-
For years nearly all the agricultural
palwrs Iave advocated tile use of broad
(Ires. We find in the Southern Farmn
MaigaZine. an account of soine experi-
llents whilich take the other side. Evi-
dently there is something to lte said
oil each side.
"I have had nearly three years' ex-
perien.e with broad tires, and forty
years' experience with one-and-one-
Iltalf-il.lli tires. My broad tires are
four inchlies wide, 32x34 inches high:
ole-and-onlle-half-inch tires the usual
height. There is nothing that I have
ever had to haul that I can not haul
heavier loads with less team on any
kind of toads with my narrow tires
aid high wheels than I can haul on
imy low, wide-tire wagons. I will take
my one-and-one-half-inch tire on dry
dirt roads, in mud or on pikes all the
time in preference to my wide-tire
wleels. They are easier on teams at
any and all times, and on muddy roads
or when wet on the farm we simply It in future, as it is not a profitable
can not use low. wide wheels, except variety to grow. and other varieties
to haul corn fodder on. At such times are just as rust proof If the land is
three shocks is a load, and being low, Iput in proper order and the proper fer-
one man can load easier than on a tilizers are used.
high wagon. On soft ground or mud I The "Bust," or Ninety Day Oat is
low-wheel, broad-tire wagons are about the best for us in the extreme
horse-killers. With a one-and-one-half- South. Where the soil is medium
inch tire high wheel two horses will' heavy, and a good. red clay sub-soil,
haul on muddy roads as much as four near the surface, the Turf Oat is the
horses with a wide. low wheel. west. Both of these are better than
"Some contend that the wide tire will the "Texas Rust Proof," which is
wear our pikes less. I contend it is not mostly hull and very little grain, In
so. A four-inch tread covers nearly fact, its proper name should be the
three times as much surface as a one- "Lazy Farmer's Oats." because it
and-one-half-inch tread. It is the con- doesn't respond readily to improved
tact with the stone that wears. One- methods of culture.
and-one-half-inch has but little con- I might make a suggestion as to
tact. and it is not as hard on a team treatment if a very severe frost should
ly 300 per cent. as a wide tire. I hurt the crop. The best way I have
have to do all my heavy hauling with found for nursing it back to life is to
lly narrow, high wheels. For a man take at the rate of say one hundred
to ride on a low-wheel wagon it is pounds of nitrate of soda per acre, mix
nearly inltlssible, on account of the it with tile same bulk of dry soil or
terrible jolts and jars to his body, es. sand. scatter the mixture broadcast as
pet-ially on frozen ground or on a pike. evenly as possible, and then immedl-
I am talking from experience, and I ately thereafter, run a roller over the
would advise no farmer to allow him- crop to make the soil compact.. The
self humbulgged into exchanging his damage done by frost is not so much
narrow tires and high wheels for low, through the cold as by the breaking
broad tires. It will ie a lifelong re- u"I of the soil. and adding this extra
gret, and in no way a fair exchange soil and the nitrate of soda and then
to anyone that tries it. Let others say rolling the land, never falls to offset
what they Iay, I vote against low most of the damage done by the frost
wheels and wide tires all the time." C. K. MeQuarrie.
Who will be next to speak out in
Iteeting. A peck of experience is
worth a bushel of theory, if the ex-
perience is genulne.-Ed.
"Tobacco Culture," is the title of a
Ineat pllamhlet just issued by the Ger-
man Kali Works, 93 Nassau street,
New York City. This publication
treats quite fully about tobacco grow-
ing from the time of sowing seed to
the marketing of the crop. It is a val-
uablle publication and will ie sent
without charge to any planter who ap-
plies for it.
Edlitor 'lourida .1Aricultlurist:
We are now at the season of the
year for sowing the oat crop, and as
it is a very important crop to the
Southern farther, a few remarks based
on past experience will probably be in
place. The oat crop to do well, must
have the land thoroughly plowed and
puit in good tilth. preparatory to sowing
the seed. In its proper rotation It
should follow a root crop, such as tur-
nips or potatoes. Sometimes this can
not be done, and in that case we have
to take things as we find them, and
do the best we can under existing con-
ditions. Land that has been in peas
or corn. or even peanuts will, with pro-
per preparation and a liberal applica-
tion of fertilizer of the proper grade,
give very satisfactory results. The
old way of scattering the seed on top
of the ground and plowing them under,
is a very sloveruly, unbusinesslike
method and while some of the seed
germinated and managed to come
through the ground, the most of it was
buried too deep and rotted in the soil.
Experiments conducted by reliable
pIlarties go to show that oats should
never be covered more than two inches
to give lest results. Therefore, plow
the land thoroughly first,-then apply
your fertilizer, and work into the soil
either with a shovel cultivator or har-
'Fertilizer for oats should be of a
good grade. analyzing about eight per
cent. each of potash and phosphoric
acid, and two to three per cent. nitro-
gen. From five to six hundred pounds
per acre would be little enough on san-
dy soils, and even more is recommend-
4ed in solne cases. Experience Indicates
ini every case that it is poor economy
to be saving on fertilizers. A dollar
saved at time of applying fertilizers
is often a loss of ten dollars at the
harvesting of the crop.
While I am on the subject, I would
like to say something on the varieties
of oats in common use. The "Texas
Rust Proof" is a general favorite In
all sections where rust affects the crop,
but after years of experimenting, I
have come to the conclusion to discard
Pine Seed Wanted.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Doing quite an extensive business in
tree seeds, we have a number of in-
suiries lately for the seed of the slash
or (Cuban pine which is the prevalent
pine in many parts of your state. We
have made quite a number of efforts to
come in connection with a reliable par-
ty who could collect a quantity-
about fifty to a hundred pounds for a
start of that seed for us, but so far
we have to our great regret not been
ahle to find such a party. In our opin-
ion it ought not to be difficult to col-
lect the cones and dry out the seed,
especially where saw mills are near by
and where lhurrs can be picked off the
felled trees. We are of course, willing
to pay a fair price.
The slash pine in question-Pinus
culwensih-grows to a tall tree about a
hundred feet high and has a slightly
tapering trunk which attains a diame-
ter of two to three feet and is generally
free of branches up to a height of six-
ty or seventy feet. The needles are
about six to nine inches long and ap-
pear in crowded clusters In twos and
threes. The cones are three to six
inches long and two to two and one-
half inches thick and shed their seed
in October. This pine is very hand-
some as it forms broad dark compact
heads. It is worked now for turpen-
tine in many places and it occurs es-
pecially in Florida, south of Cape Ca-
naueral. but is found even as far north
Now, if you with your extensive ac-
quaintance, could bring us in connee-
tior with such a party we should re-
gard that a very great favor which we
surely would appreciate to its fullest
I beg to anticipate the expression of
my sincerest thanks for any trouble
you may take or for any information
you may be able to give in this matter.
and I remain. dear sir. always at your
commands, yours very truly,
Pinelhurst, N. C.
ANSWERS TO O IBXPO'NDBVB.
This department is devoted to answering
such questions as may be asked by our sub-
scribers, which may be of general information.
Enquiries of personal character that require
answer by mail should always have stamp en-
Aitor Florida Agriculturist:
Will you oblige me by telling me
what is the highest temperature that
it is safe to bring the paraffne to when
melting to diD the tents.
N. H. DeL.
The wax should be just hot enough
to be "thin" and run readily. If too
hot, it is liable to scorch the cloth.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 6W
Wax heated with steam pipes would
not get hot enough to scorch.
Editor Floidu .grieulttrist:
Many thanks for your sample copy
of the Florida Agriculturist which
came yesterday. I at once enclose tmy
suloscription for same.
"Early History of Orange Packing"
should be followed in your next tnum-
ber by Illustrated instructions to pack-
era. which would be valuable if print-
ed on card board and could be sold to
orange growers every year. It is now
seven or eight years sinee such instruc-
tionl were published. Every year new
hands want to. and have to. learn to
pack. Very respectfully.
M. J. H.
Thanks for the pleasure of adding
your name to our subscription list. Inl
our next week's issue, or the one fol-
lowing, we will give the method of
lacking as requested.
Editor Florida Agrirlturist:
Will you please advise nme as to
whether eggplants should be pruned or
not. I mean, shall I take off the suck-
ers or is it best to leave them on. Can
you'alio give me a remedy to keep the
ants away from them? I should thank
you very much for any advice you can
give me in regard to eggplants and
hope to hear from you soon.
B. J. H.
We have never pruned eggplants.
and do not know that it.is practiced in
field culture. Like tomatoes, It may
have its pruning advocates, while there
are hundreds of growers who never
touch a knife to the plant and make
good crops. The question to be con-
sidered is whether the extra returns
In fruit would pay for the extra tost
The only effective way to rid your
plants of ants is to hunt their nest,
make several holes in it with .a sharp
stick, put a tablespoonful of bi-sul-
phate of carbon in and expt sie it If
you continue to follow up the n srs ih!
this way you will finally get the best
No White Fly at Winter -Haven.
Bditor Florida Agrieltrist:
The Agriculturist of October 17th, in
a communication from J. B. Beach,
warns the orange growers of the East
Coast not to buy any white fly infested
stock from Polk County Nurseries.
We do not know of any nurseries in
this county being infested with white
fly. but buyers of trees, having visited
the Winter Haven Nurseries, among
them. Capt. L Rickard, of Boca Ra-
tone: H. E. Heitman. of Myers. Prof.
Hume. of Lake City; and many others.
could not have found any flies on our
stock, otherwise they would not have
bought our trees in large quantities.
Everybody is invited to inspect our
nurseries! Yours truly.
Winter Haven Nurseries.
A. M. Klemm. Prop.
Winter Haven, Fla.
OCpital Bemoval Talk Did It.
There is an old proverb which says:
"Go away from home to hear the
news." The truth of the saying is
well illustrated by the following clip-
ping from the American Agriculturist
of New York:
"A portion of West Florida has been
annexed to Alabama and Alabama
thereby gains 200.000 acres of the best
timber lands in the South. Of this,
4.000 acres are school lands."
E. 0. Painter & Co.. Jacksonville. Fla.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in high-
ly recommending your fertilizers. My
experience with the Simon Pure goods
is that they produce a remarkably
healthy growth, and splendid fruit.
free from blemishes and a good seller
I have used the No. 1 on orange and
peach trees with fine results.
W. H. Bigelow.
Tarpon Springs, Fla.
"You were very unsympathetic
when Archibald complained about that
valuable book he had lost."
"No: I helped myself to it in his
library; lie had stolen it from me."-In-
RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
WRITE-to J. D. BELL, St. Petersburg. Fla.
for pineapple plants. 41x1
ORA'NOE WRAPS-For stle cheap.. Write
rto Jlt'llIS SMITH. Elustls. Fla. 45x0.
.'NItAL P. A I S-Selected seed corn.
S.m:dl. itwoi ceni(t. %W. H. MANN.
Mannville, Fla. 46.x2.
SALT 1ICK cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MANN. Mannn-
ville, Fkl. 10x31-01
FOcR 9LAUE ait a 'bargain-Span sniall
-mules. Good order. Ar>ply to SILAS B.
WRIOHT, Deland, 'Fla. 47x50.
ORANGEE AND GRAPEI'F UlT trees
on sweet, sour and grapefruit stoc.",
for sale at low prices. A. C. HAYNES.
,DelAnd, Fla. 47tf
KUMQUATS WVANTE D-Highest cash
paid for Ieunlmuat frutt (oblong variety)
4n any quarrtty. Ship soon as colored.
JAG. CARNIBLL, Omnond, Fla. 47x40.
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 271. Orlando, Fla. 34t
CASSAVA SEID FOR SAL.E-Purchaser
mi.ay bid on them standing in 10-acre
field. C. B. SPROUL, Glenwood, Fla.
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Epville City. JAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. 31tf
SMOOTH CAYENNE:-Pineapple plants
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersbi
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail post
for S5 cents per dozen. Good sized pl
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburnd
ORANGE TREES-We have now ready
delivery, large one and two years buds
rough lemon. WINTER HA\ EN NU
WANTD--Pointer or setter, well brol
must be nood hunter and reliable, not
shy. No fancy prices. Address R. P.
VIDSUN, Highland Park. Ill.
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitl
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for J
planting 5 varieties, of 2 and 3 year ci
buds. For good stock and low prices,
dress C. W. FOX, Prop.
FOR SALE--75 Cash. Eight acres of h
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 a
cleared, the balance of the track is in tim
Address, P. M. H. care Agriculturist,
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
ORANGE, POMELO AND LEMON TREES
-on sour or trifolata stocks, for summer and
fall shipment. Large assortment fine trees.
Write for prices. GLEN ST. MARY NUR-
SERIES, G. L Taber, Proprietor, Glen St.
Mary, Fla. 31tf
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett,
l'rop. Tampa, F'la., 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
apple, 1 angerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so-
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifolata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Best quality. Low prices. Address THE
GRIFFIN BROTHERS Company, Jack
sonville, Fla. 41tf
WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons, Plums,
Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans. Cam-
phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cata-
logue free. Address. THE GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
ORANGE WRAPS AND BOX HEADS
FOR SA hJE-I have 80 reams 11x11,54
reams 9x9, 340 reams 10x10 manila or-
ange wraps wbioh I will sell at a bar-
gain. Also 4,000 orange box heads and
4.000 talf box 'heads at a price cheaper
than the lumber in the boards. If in-
terested write me. W. C. PAINTER,
WANTED CASSAVA The Planters'
,Mainufacturlng Co., Lake Mary. Fla.,
wFFl- be glad to correspond with all per-
sons wish'rg to sell CASSAVA this fall.
ether for cash or in exchange :or CAS-
SAVA ~EED. Early arrangements will
mbe of va.ue 'to growers and WE PAY
THE FIRI-IH'P. F. G. PERKINS.
CONSIG7 ORANGES TO
PORTER BROS. CO.,
WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.
CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $250,ooo.oo.
CHICAGO. NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS. ST. PAUL.
PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re-
ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORI ER BHR lt. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
Lt %A EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES shoe go
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stncdis, Markt Quota-
tions, and General Instrutions for shipping Florida products supplied from the Jackomille offie.
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank........1.......12 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
SBrass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
Barrel Spray Pump, com-
plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................... 1800
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc.................. 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
Insecticides: Lime, Sulphate ofOop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur. etc.
Pine and Banaor Orain Boxes
Shaved Btiroe Hoops. Freah oesm
Mixed Hoop. Maillta and Clta
Orange Wraps, Cemat Ooated mo
Cabbage and other Ortes-l Tsmts
Ca, rum LerLettce Baskaes. te.
Cataloue., and prshall be glad tol-
Room 18 Robinson Bldg.
e hae a full supply of
SAsall the best varieties of r-
"i==anges. Pomelos, Kumquats,
Setc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. Can show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.
GLEN ST.MARY NURSERIES,
G. L. TABER, Proprietor,
Glen St. Mary,
TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.
ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Orapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
UIAND NUSES. P. J. BERCKMANSCO, Auuta. Ga.
aBO THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Makes the food more delicious and wholesome
!avYAL nMmm PODERCt co., NEW VoEm
HOUSUHOL DXPAbTXI I T. sweet-seented. lint for a hot bath are
All communications or enuiries for this de- considered highly beneficial. Iops can
apartment should be addressed to be kept on hand and distilled at any
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, time thie water is needed for a bath.
Household Dept. Jacksonville. Tlhey sre soliritic in effect.
Li-vendar. rosela:ry, tansy and sage
are sweet-scented and the waters used
The Care of Blankets. for the bath are refreshing. Sage wa-
The nights are now becoming so ter. or extract is
our blankets from their sumnler's re- hlir coming out aind cleansing the
headl of dandruff.
tirement. These blankets may have .Mr (; -. I.rennan.
been put away in the early spring New Orleans, La.
without being washed, and the tidy *
housekeeper is now interested in hav- Laundry Advice.
ing them soft, fleecy and white. A A simple process for removing ink
b I te mt d e of e stains front a garment is to cover them
blanket is the most desirable of bed immediately with paste made of starch
coverings if spotlessly clean, but very and cold water. If the stains are still
objectionable, as well as unhealthful noticeable when the dried starch is
if soiled, because the meshes catch and rublbed off. repeat the operation.
Phold imp s m h each stains, which are next to iln-
hold impurities much more readily possible to remove after thoroughly
than any other kind of coverlet. If net. may be prevented from appearing
Dure and clean there is nothing so de- at all if the handkerchief or garment
sirable and gratifying to the tastes of is immediately washed out in clear
ev e mt cold water, after the juice is known
to have been dropped on the garment.
Blankets should have frequent air- Boiling water will remove most other
Ings in a sunny, and if possible, win- stains.
dy spot, once or twice a week. and us- A small pierce of alum dissolved in
starchl usetd to stiffen giinglial. Inmuslin
ally should have at least one washing 'd othr ashle gods, greatly i
and other washable goods. greatly it-
during ite winter season. This is tile proves tle appearance of the- goods
most particular part of their care, for and keeps it fresh longer than it would
if they are not washed carefully. tley otherwise remain.
will shrink and thicken ilup. se a Never runb soalp oin emblroidered dloi-
l shik U leys: prepare a su4ds in luke-warmi wa-
pure white soap land soft water. rain ter with fine. pure white soap, and
water, if possible. Have the first stids squeeze the doileys gently in the andtls
quite warm. and each succeeding rills- without rubbing: two soapy waters
ing water wanner than the last. then I'ay I ne'essalry: then rinse in clear
dr. water of the same temperature. and
dry quickly in a sunny place. If prolp- ,repare a last water with a little raw
er care is taken. the blanket will be ws starch and bluing in it. Do not wring.
soft and fleecy as when new. but squeeze out the water andl snan
* them: then lily the doileys on a thick
Home-Made Toilet 'Waters. ironing blanket, which, as they are
Editor Household I)rpartmeunt: smoothed with the fingers, will absorb
Sweet-scented resinous flowers, herbs much" of the moisture. After they have
and leaves are popularly-used to make lain a few minutes press on tile wrong
aromatic toilet waters. sile with a nmdlerately warm iron. The
There are two ways of extracting same 'esre regarding soap and tepid
or distilling tile perfumes and medl- water exercised inl the laundering of
cinal properties of flowers and herbs. shirt waists will prevent tile delicate
The simplest way is to fill a cheese- colors from falling. They should be
cloth bag of a size to hold one olund dried wrong sidlle ot illn a very shad.
of leaves or flowers and to Imil them iln ilace"' teaDpoonful of sugar of lead
a covered vessel for half all hour. Boil dissolved ill a Ipil of cohl water is also
them slowly, and keep the vessel close :1 good preventive of fading. Soak
ly covered. Then strain the perfnumed t'e colored fabrics in tilis solution for
water into bottles for future use, u.- 11a ho"r. tlen wlash ls allove 1and rlise
ing what is necessary for tne bath,. in a watter that contains a similar pro-
fresh from boiling. Inortion of salt.
The other way of distilling is not so Iark woolen clothes can he readily
simple, but secures the real bouquet or vlealed witl soap bark. which is safer
essence in *a more concentrated form. and .leasalnter to I.se tI:an llnzine or
The little distillery may ie made at gasoline. though more expensivee. A
home. It must consist of a tin bucket, cake of sowl'-hbirk. or a ipoundl of tile
t spirit lamp, a rubber tube and a real soaip-ark steeped in water, should
glass jar. Fill the tin bucket over half always ie kept at hand. and with
full of clear water, and strev flowers warnl'l water all ordinary soil (an lt
thickly over the surface. Close it m'lickly removed. If tile soap is used
tightly and set it in the frame over a well-lathered clothl is rubned over
the lighted spirit lamp. The heat will the garment, bil witl tie infusion of
extract the bouquet or essence of the lark the galrn-lllt should ll e put ill a
flowers, and the rubber tube. fitted to tulb of tepid water, tlle infusion add-
all opening in i the lid of the bucket L 'l. and wlashed.l
will carry it to the glass jar. oni tihe A clean wllisk broonm and hot water
floor (where tle other end of the tulxe is a mIost convenient way of amlnlllienl-
inust enter). condensing it lake als'r l inhg clothes. if you would do tfie work
into a perfumed liquid. It is then quickly and well with half tile water
ready for immediate use or to be bot. required wlien cold is used. Shirl
tied and corked. It requires to Ie sw,- waists look nicer if sponged witl a
curely corked to prevent evaporation. I lamp cloth imlllllliately before ironing.
These fragrant or aromatic toilet wa-; :t small surface at a time.
ters are supplanting artificial cosneties. I When delicate hlces have reached
Invalids, particularly where recovering tile state of soil which soap and water
from fever, are eInefited by sponging: alone 'Ican remove, roll tile lace smooth.
the flesh with toilet water distilled ly around a Iottle, and put it in a ba-
from resinous evergreens, such as pine, I in of warm borax suds: it may soak
cedar, and even hay leaves are bal- for a few hours or over night, accord-
slmic. and may be used. Hops are not lug to the soil. should then be rinsed
in two or three clear waters-not blu-
ing-and left to dry oni the bottle.
To remove mildew mix soaD with
powdered starch, half as much salt,
and the juice of one lemon; put it oni
the spots, on botlh sides with a brush,
and let tile article lie oin the grass day
and night till the stain disappears.
Buttermilk is also effectual in some
eases before the stains are of long
Oyster Soup.-Two quarts of oysters.
two quarts of milk. Strain off the liq-
nor from tlhe oysters andl ;dtl a cup
of water and set it on tle fire to lieat
slowly in a covered vessel. When It
has hoilled add tlle oysters and let
them stew live minutes, then skim.
lHave the milk boiling hot and add to
Ilhel1. Beat one egg. two tablespoons
of flour and three tallesi)oons of but-
ter to a light cream and stir into the
ilixture and boil three minutes; serve
aIt once. Season with a lash of red
clipper, black lil)eper and salt. Some
lieolle like nutnleg ill it.
Stuffed Partridges.-(lean thorough-
ly anld wash out with soda water,
truss and stuff witl a dressing made
of stale bread crulnmbs. butter. pepper.
salt ad1111 very little grated hali:; lay
oll a1 gr'ite in tle biking piali and haste
constantly with butter and water till
brown. Sprinkle a little salt and floul
over talent just at the last. Thicken
the gravy witlh brown flour. season tand
serve in a Iboat. Serve tile birds 7hot
for dinner. but cold for tea.-Soulh'rn
Sonle of us are so situllted that we
a(n 1o; lie hIospitahle in tile colliiion
nccct:ltioll of tle terml. We have no
lines where we iniiy vwehlone frielml.-
and acquaintaln-es. We look abiut ifs
wnd see beautiful houses into which a
guest rarely elletrs-large houses. per-
fectly ;ladalptel for entertaining. whiich
reIllninil closed to all but the home
circle the whole year round: and we
wonder why tlhe Ilrge heart alnd tlhe
Large house do not always go together.
We' grieve because we are denis the
oliIHortlnily of being Iospitable. But
there is a sense inll wlich the hosoita-
ble heart ('an1 manifest itself even with-
out a house. We van he kind and gen-
erous to thell opinions of those we meet.
yes. even o tllheir tpeculiarities and
their weakness. W\e may not agree
will their views. we may even feel
that they are wrong or foolish. but
nevertheless we anill listen to that
which deeply interests them. we an
openll olur hearts to tIlh confidences
whllich it is a relief to tlhell to give us.
A -vyouing girl said. "It does mle gloot to
sec Mr. lroiwn. liHe knows so Imuch
thlt I should Ie c-ontent just to listen
to himl biut somehow lie ;always gets
mie to talking. aml. what is more. he
irakes ime feel as if I
better descrillbd a truly Ioslitably-
ilinidedl pIerson? !-(Co'igregationalist.
Make the Test and B~e If-
.\ dish-clolth made of two thick-
nesses of lcheese'cloth is inoi preferable
to olle of crash for wa;hlillg glass and
-Stov''-loths half a; yard square,
nlatde of ldenimin. ticking or cotton
c4'rash. are not better' il every wly till
Itladded hoIlers for use about the kitich
Keeping on IhalId a; generous supply
of 4lish towell, jelly-bags. iron-hiolders
annil simiilair Ihoely necessities is not "an
qitdll"ing that spares."'
lust-sheets of indigo-blue prinll,
well n111lle 111nd of different sizes, ac--
cording to hle proplorltions of your fur-
litnlre. nre not a boon oil sweeping.
--'sing a earlpet-swwllper just before.
:is well as after giving a carpet a thor-
ough sweeping witli a broom does not
very inaterially lessen tll amount (of
Idu1st Ioft for :he Ibroom. .
-.\ overl':ni.ll of cotton tlannel used
tHec-y Side outward between the tick-
ilIg :11nd decorative cover of soft-pil-
low-s does not Imike them decidedly
softer and mIore agreea;ble.-Katharyn.
in Farm and Fireside.
Mrs. Parce's Story.
HER TROUBLE MADE HER AFRAID
TO RETIRE AT NIGHT.
Nervomees the Disease that Wreea
the Happiness of so Mlaly Women,
Conquered at last.
1romthe Herald, Rtnglamton. N. Y.
It was two years ago this suTilner that I
was in a miserable condition as the result of
hard work. I was completely run down
pale and losing flesh, and so nervous that I
could not sleep or even get rest. It was
dreadful to go to bed at night all worn out
and lie awake for hours with nervousness.
If I did fall asleep it was to wake up in the
morning as tired as when I went to bed.
My head troubled me a great deal, too,
both with pain and dizziness. If I stooped|
over at any time I would be so dizzy I could
hardly see or keep from falling down. I
was troubled somewhat with indigestion at
thistime, but t he nervousness was the rrpater
trouble. If I became a little exciien my
hIads would shake so I could hardly hold
MRs. ELLwN PARBc.
anything in them. I felt that something
must be done so I employed our best physi-
cians. They did all they could for me and
although I obtained some benefit from their
treatment, not one of them did me any per-
SI had, of course, read of Dr. Williams
Pink Pills for Pale People but had never
taken any of them till Mr. Robert Van
Kuren, of Jordan, recommended them to
me so strongly, from his own experience
with them, that I got some and before the
first box was used up I began to feel that
they were doing me tood. I kept on taking
them recording to directions and got from
them the only real, permanent benefit I
have had from any remedy. It did seem so
good to get a night's sleep and to be refreshed
by it. I am a firm believer in Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills for Pale People and I have and
shall, recommend them to my fiends. I
generally keep a box in the house to take
in case I feel a little run down."
Signed. ELL3W PAMCI.
4S Spruce St., Binghamton, N. Y.
June 26, 19M0.
At all draugists or direct from Dr. Wil-
liams Medxi-ine Company, Schenectady,
N. Y.. on receipt of price, 60 cents per box;
6 boxes. $2.50..
THE U. 8. LIVE STOCK REMiD D has
proved most efficienest in preventing and
curing Hog and Chicken Choler and
kindred diseases. It tI also a fine con-
dition powder. Sales are Increaslng. If
your dealer don't keep it we will mal
It to you on receipt of price 5Ce per %
Il. Liberal discount to dealers. ISAAC
MORGAN. Agent. Kisaimmee. Fla. It
Budded and Grafted
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH.
West Palm Beach. Fla.
The outlook for a large acreage of
new wineries alout Orlando the com-
ing year is good. (George I. Russell.
while on his l'recent trip to the North.
contracted witl a 1 alf dozen parties
to put out wineries as fast as he can
do so. and he will push t(he work right
along. Tilis inmeans thousands of dol-
l:ars to Orl:nndo.- Orlando Sentinel-Re.
There is a Sanitarium in Belleview,
Fla.. whose specialty is the treatment
of c'lnecer, piles 1and all rectal diseases
witllout tll use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mall. Ad-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 9l1
POUDIMY A"rD AS3 DWPART-
All communications or enquiries for this de- 8
apartment should be addressed to i
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla. t
Information Wanted About Breeding. '
Editor Porwltry- Department: a
I am beginning to like the Agricul- :
tourist more and more as time goes lby.
When you first advised caution in re-
gard to the Belgian hare business. I I
thought possibly yon were a little too
severe but after six months' experience
with the hare. I find that your caution
was well meant. and if heeded would
lie profitable to your readers. I bought "
a trio of hares under the impression I
that they would multiply very fast. I
but after six months' time nary t
young rabbit to gaze upon. It is true
the old ones eat everything and any- '
thing you give them. but I would like
to hear from some one who has had
anything like the success claimed in
Hoping some of your breeders will
give some Information on this subject.
I am, Yours respectfully,
The Proper Way to Handle Hares.
To all beginners in the Belgian. hare
fancy and to all engaged in the rais-
ing of rabbits, either as a business or
as an owner of a pair, a few words on
the handling of such should be timely.
Enough can not be said of the cruel
manner in which the rabbit is picked
up by the ears and held in the air, de-
spite -the kicks and struggles to be
placed again on tetra firm. Many
a person does this thing supposing it
to be the proper method and that he
really is displaying scientific knowl-
edge in thus doing.
Where the rabbit originated we can
not state, but nearly all people are
taught from childhood to lift poor bun-
ny in this cruel manner and are sur-
prised when the method is objected to
by more thoughtful observers. The
mother hare or rabbit has not estab-
lished this precedent but, with natural
instinct, lifts the offspring in such a
manner that it submits without strug-
gles. In lifting a hare one should gath-
er a good handful of the hide on the
back of the neck with one hand. firm-
ly supporting the rear of the body with
the other. No rabbit will object to thiA.
In fact. as a class, they like to be tak-
en up, and in cases of sickness or acci-
dent they submit to any amount of
handling, even lying on their racks
in perfect contentment while attention
is being given them, their eyes all the
time seeming to show gratitude for
A moment of careless, thoughtless
handling has reduced many a high-
bred animal to a condition of worth-
lessness in the eyes of all would-lw pur-
chasers, and has been a source of an-
noyance and detriment to the quality
of the stock of many an otherwise suc-
cessful hare breeder.-Southern Fain-
The following is a method for curing
crop-bound chickens, says an ex-
change: Pour into the mouth all the
warm water it will hold; have the wa-
ter as warm as possible, but not to
scald. Work the crop carefully, to
break up the mass. holding the chick-
en by the feet. head down, still work-
ing the crop, and the broken-up por-
tions will pass out through the mouth.
Repeat the dose of water until all sol-
uble portions are removed. Whole
corn, wheat. oats. etc.. will readily
pass out. The portion remaining un-
broken will probably be a stone, piece
of coal. rag or string. If either of the
former, take a round, smooth stick the
size of a lead pencil and eight inches
long; pass this gently into the mouth
and into the crop. being careful not to
get it into the windpipe. Press the
hard substance against the stick, with.
draw ithe stick slowly, and follow up
with the stone or other substance.
This can be pressed up and passed out
through the mouth. Be careful to keep
the object against the stick as you
vitldraw it. To remove rags. grass.
things. etc.. use a surgeon's prolw, or
lny instrument having a long handle
lld opening as do forceps. Be careful
vhen placing the foreign substance in
lie jaws of the instrument not to catch
lie crop and lacerate it. This method
*aln we used for lchiciks as well as fowls.
Il this c4an lie done in a few minutes
lnd avoids cutting. Feed soft food for
I week. and also give a little sweet
Exaggerating for Advertising Pur-
Tile following frol the Iell of a111 ex-
awrt. written for the Farml and Fire-
side. goes contrary to ile general I o-
ions. It should lie carefully read and
rellnmbered. It is not intended to
Ieter poulltryinen front caponiziing but
lily from expecting too much:
"I ani oil record as favoring the
ransforin tion of surplus cockerels in-
to useful and valuable capons, but I
lo not like to see a good-enough cause
strengthenied by exaggerated state-
nenlt. Tle advocates of (aponizing.
lnd especially the makers and sellers
of caponizing instruments. in order
to Imom the business. are il the habit
;f telling how nucIh larger and heavier
Sclapion will grow than a rooster.
Home. of course. do this ignorantly.
Theyl may Ils exlprts in making tools,
and able to make most excellent and
serviceable ones: but they are not poul-
try experts, and possibly have never
seen tile olrattion of caponizing per-
formed. nor had1 a bird under their ob-
servation after it was operated upon.
Theoretically a capon should grow
faster than 1an unaltered bird, and
many of our dealers in caponizing sets
may believe this to Ie so. But it is not,
just tile same. Things are often rad-
ically different in practice from what
we reason them out to be. One of the
experiment stations has just published
the results of some experiments in the
(onllKirativo growth of capons alnd
roosters. and states that the bird nei-
ther gains nor loses in weight to any
appreciable extent by being capon-
ized. This is no news to me, nor call
it lhe news to anybody who has read
what I have written on this subject
for tis paper during the Iast three
years. 1 have never been able to see
that a capon grows to larger size than
a healthy rooster. But there is one
point in favor of tle caipon that is sel-
dom mentioned namely, that the capon
produces his flesh and the great mass
of fat on less food than the rooster
consuntes alnd needs in order to hold
his weight. It is true that I know of
no systematic experiments in this line
put on record. But such experiments
should be made. atnd I hope that one
or the other of our stations will take
tils up and show us how much we
gain by operating on our surplus cock-
alponsH) rather than to roosters. besides
making the flesh worth two or three
times as much. why should we not do
"Capon Making.-1low easy a deli-
cate jolt can be done when you have
lost your fear of it! When' opera ting
on -oc-kr'els I usetd to do it with aI good
deal of apprehension. not amounting
to fear or dread, lint certainly to lack
of -oinrlete ease of mind. I was
brought up to consider such operations
dangerous, and in a measure cruel. 1
have lost all this sentiment or senti-
mental feeling. I would just as soon
perform the operation as not, and hav-
ing lost this uneasiness, I can do it
letter. quicker and without loss. At
first I would have a bird die under my
hands now and then-maybe one in
rwenty. Now I canl almost guarantee
the safety of every bird, and yet I do
not take near the salme precaution as
formerly. I just open tie bird. remove
tle testicles. then siniply put it down
again. and let it run with the rest of
the fowls. UIsally it will at once hunt
for food pretty lively. and often make
it quite hot for the grasshoppers."
Food for Young Chicks.
Newly hatched chicks are much in-
vigorated when they are allowed to
Poultrymen can double their pAogt.
by Caronizing their chick. The opr
eration is very simile-the instructions
am so full anu explicit that ny man,
woman or child, after a careful reading,
It is highly sueeessful from evr pod t
of view. Tne demand for canons far
exceed the supply, the price per pound
being twice as much as for ordinary
chicks Tbe object of Caponisig is to
largely increase the weight ot fowl.
causing them. in many cases to row
as large as turkeys and weighing from
10 to 15 pounds, and to make the meat a finer flavor and very jucy and tender. Again.
Capons are worth $1 to $1.50 more than cocks not Caponised. They are much quieter in
disposition. A cock, in chasing around the yard. will rui offflesh almost as fast as put on.
In the more quiet Capon the same am nt offood goes to make flesh. bone and profit. With
the proper instruments Caponizing is a simple lesson, wholly mastered by a few moments'
study. Plly realizing the necessit of having proper instruments we have arranged with
the reliable instrument manufacturers. Messrs. George P. Pilling& Son, Philadelphi to
supply us with these instruments. This firm is, we think, the oldest Of the kind in the United
States. located in the very heart of the original Caponizing district, and having been mak-
ing Caponizing instruments for 40 years, they thoroughly understand the proper ones
needed. Messrs. Georxe P. Killing & Son havejust published a very interesting book, en-
titled "Complete Guide for Capontsing." which we are distributing free to those interested
in poultry. Complete with instructions $3.50. which will indcde a year's substeritton to
the PLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. In velvetlined case as per engraving, $3.75. We send
the book. '-Complete Guide for Caponizing,' with every set. Address,
0.O. PAINT~R k 0., dJackorIville, FPIa.
Make money by getting their pro-
duce into market early. This is best
a-cromlplislhed by taking advantage
of the stimulating effect of
NITRATE OF SODA.
It forces the most rapid growth and
ilparts quality. (rispness, tender-
ness. etc. All about it in our free
book. "Food for Plants." Ask for a
copy. Address, John A. Myers, 12-
John St.. New York. Nitrate for
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
remain undisturbed for the first twen-
ty-four hours after they are free of
their shell, and with rare exceptions
they will then take as much food as
they require. Even after this time it Is
a mistake to feed too often. Every
three hours is quite as frequent as
they require to be fed during the first
week of their lives. When a week old
every four hours is quite often enough
to feed them. From the time they are
a month old until they are three
months old three meals will be ample
for twenty-four hours. Never leave
any food by the chicks after they have
eaten what they will. unless it is dry
food placed after dark where they can
partake of it as soon as it is light. Be-
tween meals, however, they may Ib
given a tablespoonful of millet seed
to a dozen chliks, to induce them 'to
scratch and tle Iusy.-Farin and Fire-
Dry Goods by Mail.
In Jacksonvillh you will find an up-
to-date dry goods store. It is the store
of Cohen Bros.. located in tlhe big
(;ardner building. This store will mail
to your address. free of charge. any
samples you may desire: and will pre-
pay the expressage. when cash accom-
panies the order, to any part of the
state on any goods purchased of them
to the amount of $5 or over (excepting
domestics). They guarantee prompt at-
tention. and will refund the money on
all unsatisfactory purchases. Write
Cohen Bros.. in Jacksonville, for sam-
ples of anything you wish in dry goods.
Gave Entire Satisfaction.
E. O. Painter & Co.. Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-
ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my charge
has given entire satisfaction and you
may confidently look for a continu-
ance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford, Fla., October 5th, 1900.
Western Poultry Farm,
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry ralaing
profitable. It Is up to date. 24 paIge
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice rill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 dos, 29 cts; X for 1
ct: 50 for 50 cta: 10 for Wl.
HENS' TEETH TE .IS
To properly digest its food the fowl
must have grit. What teeth are to the
human being grit is to the fowL We
can now furnish ground oyster shells,
from freshly- opened oysters, from
which all the dust and dirt has been
screened, to supply this grit which IF
lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
Goods very inferior to ours and full
of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer it at
100 lb bag, 75e. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville.
Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
tilizers and dealers In all kinds of Fer-
Orange and Kum Quat
Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
table. Also a general line of Fruit
Trees, Roses, Shrnbs, etc. Prices.
low. Freight paid.
D. L. Pierson, Prop.,
If your fowls are troubled with lice
or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 1!.
pounds of tobacco dust and rn inkle
it In your coops. The tobacco it guar-
anteed to be unleashed. Fud 2 cent
tamp for sample.-E. O. Painter & Co.,
ON EASY TERMS.
Several fine bearing orange and
grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
vestment this year.
Lyle & Co., ..Brtow, Fa.
WE SELL DIRECT
to farmers, through reliable armer Ageae.
L. B. Booulao. Beesiver,
PAiRE WOTvKN WIUK FErCK4ICO, ADRIAN. nICS.
T..-.k. NH. C-. C
1.-.JT* P o,,osudCao Scsl
I -satI ,cu rut.iohrstolel.
I t so. aChar-, s a
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
"What a shabby little place!" said
Miss Gussie Armstrong, with a toss of
her pretty head; "and what a common.
In fact, the daughter of the super-
intendent of the Lockhammer railroad
was not in the best of humor. Ever
since leaving Cliffton she had sat in
her dainty chair in her father's hand-
somely decorated private car with a
supercilious smile upon her otherwise
pretty face, and hardly deigned to
notice the magnificent mountain scen-
ery, so plainly visible through the
plate glass window.
The forest-clad knobs and spurs, the
--eks, ledges and fissures were nothing
her. She felt no enthusiasm in the
mumph of engineering skill over an-
.agonistic nature. The sturdy climb
of the engine, pounding and fighting
its way up the long ascent, was to her
only a wearisome incident of the jour-
After leaving Cliffton the grade was
level for two miles. and then for the
next three miles the iron horse had had
an almost continuous struggle with
the ascent until it reached Apex-a sta-
tion scarcely larger, it seemed, than its
"What a shabby little place!" re-
peated Miss Gussle. disapprovingly.
Yes, the weather-beaten station was
a shabby little place; but, despite its
dingy color and worn-out platform.
there was more than a hint of homely
Neat curtains hung at the small win-
dows, and on the sill of one of them
bloomed a modest geranium in a pud-
The day was mild and pleasant, and
the open door afforded a glimpse of the
room within-its floor covered with a
cheap carpet and its walls adorned
with bright lithographs of railroad ad-
vertisements. A shabby little place.
truly; but a home, withal.
As the special came to its momentary
stand, a quiet. grave-faced mal step-
ped out to make his report to the sup-
This was John Orbitt. the station-
master. The remaining occupants of
the home sat side by side on a bench
by the door-a small girl and a huge
cat-Ruth and Bisrlarek.
The former gazed rt the sumptuous
car with undisguised admiration; the
latter with calm contemplation.
"What a common-looking girl!"
Miss Gussie need not have spoken so
loudly. One great window of the cat
was open. and little Ruth heard her
The child flushed and then placed
her brown hand on Bismarck's head,
as if to shield her favorite from any
chance criticism that might be made.
Paddy Hoolihan. the brakeman.
heard the comment, aml saw the flush.
and he muttered a growling protest.
It was Paddy, who. a year before, had
dropped Bismarck-then a frowsy.
squalling kitten-into little Ruth's
arms. as the train rolled by. And the
smile he received in return had amply
repaid him for his trouble.
Bismarck, unconscious of the unkind
criticism of his best friend, bunted his
head up against her hand and purred
Paddy smiled at Ruthl. and then
screwed up his somewhat grimy face
in a most horrible grimace at Misa
Gussle. which, happily, the latter did
The bell rang. and the special pulled
away from the little station.
There was a suspicion of tears in
Ruth's .eyes. She had known but few
little girls, and she and they had met
on terms of equality.
John Orbitt had heard the sneer, too
"Never mind, Ruthle. he said
"Things will he nicer by and by. The
superintendent tells nle that as soon
as the repair gang can reach us. the
station will be fixed up. The roof will
be reshingled. the platform replanked
and the building painted as blue as the
sky. How's that. little one?"
"That will be nice." responded Ruth
her mouth losing its droop.
"I should say so," agreed her father
cheerfully. "But. come; Bismarck
wants his supper."
And in a short while, ministering to
the wants of the cat. Ruth. for the
time being, forgot her trouble; but, as
the autumn days passed on, she re-
membered it now and then.
It was a pitifully trivial thing. per-
haps. but motherless little Ruth, who
so seldom had a companion of her own
age, was not like other children and
did not forget so easily as many might
The autumn had been a mild one,
but winter shut down suddenly. and
tempestuously. A month passed, and
the repair gang would reach Apex in
a dlay or two.
A flat ear, loaded with heavy plank-
ing for the new platform and shingles
for the roof. was sidetracked there one
"It will storm before 8 o'clock." pre-
dicted Rawlins. the freight conductor.
who had stepped into the station while
the car was being sidetracked.
He had brought a bundle of news-
papers that some of the men down at
(liffton had saved for Ruth and her
"Anything new, Orbitt?"
"Not that I know of. Billy." was the
rely. "'Who takes the special through
"Temple and Dwyer-No. 28. I ne-
This was the same engine and "crew"
that had taken the special through a
nonth before, when Miss Gussie Arm-
strong had been aboard; so of course,
Ruth knew the brakeman would be
"There'll be a full safe on board."
continued Rawlins. "The bridge and
trQtck gangs out in the Nettle Range
are to he paid. There are several hun
dred of them. and as tile most of them
are good for nearly thirty days' pay.
it's a big lump. Well. I'd just as 001soon
ie taking my old freight through. It
never carries anything to tempt any-
IMsly. But so long. Orbitt! (Good-bye
Itutll. You must let me take you
down soon to spend a day witli my lit
And a moment afterward Rawlins
had swung himself onto the steps of
his caboose anli was gone.
The storm that lie had prophesied
ca(e.11 It was not the common storm
of winter, for the cold was not intense,
although it was sufficiently so to make
the rain freeze as it fell, spreading the
platform with a glassy, slippery coat.
Outside the telegraph wires sagged
with twice their own weight, and the
air- was surcharge with electricity, a
Iwculiar but not rare phenomenon inl
that region, evei though the time was
Tile telegraph instruments on tile
table before the window clicked in an
nulsunal tone. anid occasionally points
of blue flame flickered on tliem and
crackled like the breaking of tiny
There was no thunder. The elec-
tricity seenled gathered at no particu-
Ilr spot, but to Inrmeate the whole at-
niosohere. But the illnmates of the
nation house cared not for this dis-
turbance of the elements-no novelty
to them-and the evening was spent in
cozy comfort. Mr. Orbitt reading aloud
Il'e news of the papers. while Ruth
cuddled Rismark as she listened.
Ten o'clock arrived. The child's
regular Iiedtime had long since passed.
but tile enjoyment of tile reading h1ad
kept her awake.
"Itetter go to Iwld. Iuthie." said
31r. Orbitt. "It's late. 1'11 turn inl
ns soon as tile special passes. She's
due at 11 l:(.."
So ItIth kissed her father, called to
Bismairck. and retired to her little room
beside tile office. leaving tile door
slightly open to admit the lamipl light.
But Bismarck did not follow. He felt
comfortable where he was.
Meantime. Ruth went on with her
preparations for going to bed. A re-
fractory knot delayed her. and by tlhe
tille ier shoes were off, tlele c;illme a
('umlping of heavy Ints) on the plat-
forim outside. Then the office door
was jerked open and two menl enterel.
"Throw up your hands!" tle child
heard a hoarse voice demand.
All instant she stood still, possessed
HELP FOR YOU
For honest treatment and a speedy cure write
or go to Dr. J. Newton Hathaway whose
great reputation is a sufficient guarantee of
satisfactory results. Consultation o~'.. Free.
N W psi. Contracted or Hereld-
Stary Syphllis in all its
terrible stages, producing copper-colored
spots on face or body, little ulcers on tle
tongue, in the mouth or throat, falling out of
the hair or eyebrows, decay of the flesh or
bones, completely and forever eradicated
without the use of injurious drurs, leaving
the system in a pure, strong and health-
Vaor enlarged veins, which
Vale e lead to a complete loss of
sexual power; also Hydrocele, Gonorrhmea,
Gleet, Stricture and all Private and Venereal
Diseases and Weaknesses of men quickly
miley sd Unru Painfu"l.D -
cult, Too Frequent, Bloody or MKlky rine-
all funtonal dieses of the Heart, I.
LUverand Stomach; also Catarrht, Reia.
Rheumatism. Piles, Fistula and all Bild
and Skin Disases and all Female Deisni
treated according to the latest and bI
methods known to medical science.
-e Treatm. orreson.
Isls Teslno deuce always suc-
cessful. Write for freebookjust published iA
Symptom blank f you cannot call
4. NEWTON NATNAWAY, m. D.
Dr. Hathawar & Csa,
i Branm Street. s Arvw U.
uirrIOW T rHIS eAERC W r RIIM .
Corn, Hay, 0,
And all kinds of Feed Stuff at Pock Bottom
Oats, 125 pound White Clipped -
Oats, 125 pound Mixed, -
Corn, IO pound Mixed, -
Bran, pure, in hundred pound sacks
Hay, Number I, -
All F. 0. B. Cars Jacksonville.
Realizing that many people are so located that they have
not access to first class feed stores that keep a fresh stock of
Feed stuff on hand we have arranged to fill small orders at but
a small advance over large lots.-large lots at bottom prices.
No orders filled except where accompanied by the cash. Pri-
ces good for 15 days. If prices go lower you get the benefit.
Florida Grain & Feed Co.,
Lock Box 464, Jacksonville, Fla.
This firm will fill all orders as advertised E.O. Painter & Co.
6 XXX ROGERS SILVER PLATED SPOONS
Given as a Premium for One New Subscriber.
Send us $2 and a new subscriber to the Agriculturist and
we will send the above premium postpaid. Remember the
spoons are first-class XXX plate. Address,
I Jackssvle ,Fla.
with a sickening fear. and then tip-
toed4 to the door and peeped through
thel crack into the office.
Two roughly dressed men. whose
faces were masked with big red hand-
ke rhiefs. stood confronting her father.
witli revolvers leveled at his head.
"(hit awny from that instrument!"
one of tllhe" ordered.
Mr. Orbit's face was white, but he
did not flinch before the wenoons.
"W'hat do you want?" he asked.
"Git away from that instrument! One
thing we don't want is to have you
clickin' word down to Cliffton. Git
back. I say!"
The o:ler intruder grlsiled tile chair
ill wicl tll stationlllllster sat and
pulled blothl out of reach of the instru-
mient. 'Tlin. with a few deft turns
of Ia cord. lie bound Mr. Orbitt fast to
"Is the si ecial on time?" asked the
tirst and heavier man.
"Yes." answered Ruth's father, dog.
"Will it stop here?"
"If I signal it to do so."
"Well. you needn't take the trouble."
Bismarck had hopped on the table
near the robber to receive the caress
that he deemed his due. The man's
]land met him with a cuff that sent the
cat half way across the room and
scuttling into Ruth's department.
"What's that?" asked the second in-
truder. presently. as a slight note
came from the bed-room.
'That blamed cat!" returned his ac-
Ruth. pale and frightened, listened
beyond the slightly opened door. The
special-the creek! She understood
their dastardly purpose. Her father's
life! It, too. was in danger. What
could she do?
Ah, yes, she had a plan-a desperate
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
chance it seemed to her, but still a She brought it to a standstill just in
chance, front of the station, though it cost her
Tiptoeing to the window, she softly her last ounce of strength to do so. At
raised it. set her shoes outside, and tile sile lmomlent a far-off whistle an-
slipped noiselessly out. Bismarck at- "nou""ed the apilroahll of tile special.
tempted to follow, but she pushed him Ituth was quickly surrounded by a
back. sinall group of excited men. and in a
The rain was falling steadily, freez- few gasps panted out the situation.
ing as it fell, but the child scarcely Thlen she was carried in to the warm
heeded it, as she put on her shoes with fire, half fainting, while the man with
trembling fingers, and ran swiftly the lantern went charging down the
along the switch track. track and the special was saved.
Five mliles it was to Cliffton-flve WI""n tile special fought its way up
miles down a rock-ballasted roadbed the ascent towards Apex, that "con -
over more than one open trestle, and nllol-lookilg girl!" was in the sumptu-
along deep ledges and many jagged fl- oils parlor car. Miss (ussle. with re.
sures. ilentant tears ill her eyes, supported
She could not hope to have run half her and Paddy Hloolihan and Superin-
the distance before the special would tendent Armstrong were standing close
iave left Cliffton, but here before her by.
now loomed up the dark outline of the I'Uon reaching Apex Mr. Orbitt was
flat car loaded with its lumber and released from the bonds that still con-
shingles. Its presence served as a fined him to the chair, and the two
happy incentive to Ruth's active brain, would-le robbers were captured fur-
She ran to the switch. It was one of tier up the road. where they were im_
the old-fashioned kind, still employed latlently awaiting the special's arrival.
in place of more closely and complicat- They were recognized as former em-
ed affairs at little-used side tracks. players of the superintendent who had
There were no locks or signals; simply wten di-scharged for grave causes, and
a long bar. which lifted upright. 11a' sought to obtain a deadly revenge
Exerting all her strength, she strove anll a fortune at the same stroke.
to lift the bar. It moved heavily and O" the return little Ruth was the
slowly. with much grating of rust and centre of an admiring crowd and Su-
crackling of ice. periltendent Armstrong gratefully
Then, when it stood upright, the girl Promlised a reward inl behalf of tlhe
blocked it with the iron pin that was railroad. which made the child's eyes
chained to it, and hurried back to the fairly dance.
car. A long stick placed on the brake "And we'll nlot forget this night's
wheel gave her leverage, and, as she work. either," said Larry Temple. chok-
loosed it, the car began to move. ingly.
Slowly it gained headway, then "That we won't!" chimed in the othi
faster and faster. It rattled as it ers.
passed the switch, and she wondered if And later, when the promises of all
the scoundrels at the station heard it. were fulfilled. I verily believe little
Rapidly the momentum increased. Ituth more fully appreciated the gift of
Faster! Around a curve and on down the toilers than that of the wealthy
the incline-faster, faster! corporation.
Space had been left at the front -nd As they went away Paddy Hoolihan
of the car where the brake was and lingered behind for a moment.
here, with the pile of lumber towering "01'l bet lhe wishes he had a girl
above her. Ruth crouched. like'yez. Ruthie!" lie whispered.
She hardly noticed the cold yet, And Bismarck purred a loud "zum.
though her garments were icy and her in-me." as if lie quite agreed with himi.
unbound hair soaked and freezing, and -Detroit Free Press.
her hands numb. The rush of the *
swaying car made it seem as if the rain "Strippings" tor Run-Down Persons.
was being blown horizontally, and the The last quart of the milking, or the
wind fiercely whipped her sodden strippingg" taken immediately after
dress. But, full of her heroic purpose, milking before it has parted with alny
she had no time to think of these of the anillal heat. is the most valn-
things. able thing known to build up a person
Would she be in time? She could who is thin and emaciated from any
only pray and hope. disease. My theory for years has been
A mile was passed. The car creaked that the strippinggs" was nearly all
nd groaned and toppled frightfull cream. which I have demonstrated to
and groaned and toppled frightfully be a fact. I also believed that when
under the strain of its tremendous taken immedi also aftered that when
speed Roar-r-r' Another trestl taken immediately after milking while
ed. or-r-r! Another trestle, it contained all the animal heat and be-
Zum-m-m-m! Through the tunnel, no fore any change had taken place, it
blacker, seemingly, than the inky night would be aed at on into the cir-
all about. Whi-z-z! Around a sharp culation without going through the or-
curve! Faster, faster! It seemed as dinary ross of digestion. This I
if the car must leave the rails at every have also found to be true. I direct my
turn. The pile of lumber and shingles patients to begin with one-half pint and
tottered dangerously. gradually increase the quantity until at
How far they had gone now Ruth the end of a week they are taking a
would not tell. The incessant roar, luart at a time. or as much as they can
nd the lumbed toppled as if to plunge possibly drink without causing too
overboard. Ruth clung tighter to the much discomfort. This should be fol-
rake. The next Instant the car lowed up regularly twice a day. I have
hired around a bend in the opposite know of many people who could not
llrection. drink the cold milk. or even milk which
The lumber had not been loaded to had stood for an hour or two, and yet
withstand such terrible rocking, and these persons could drink a q4art im-
he stakes that confined it broke short mediately after milking without the
of, and the whole pile plunged over slightest derangement of the digestive
nto the deep gorge, a regular ava- organs. In consumpnltion the patient
anche of boards and shingles. steadily loses in weight and although
But the crash was barely audible to the o0l mnetllns are used faithfully to
title Ruth, clinging to the brake. It try and build up the strength, yet the
almost seemed as If the on-rushing car IPatient steadily loses nfesh. It is no u1n-
ad outstripped the sound. .co mon thing for ny patients, who
And so they dashed on. the car es- have followed my instructions. to gain
piug numerous times from apparent five pounds a week in weight. No oth-
estruon in a miraculous manner. er plan I have heard of has proved so
Ruth strained her eyes ahead. At successful. It should be remembered
gth the car whizzed around another that it is very important to select a cow
ur. and then struck the level track. that is healthy and one that gives very
rich milk. Then it is also of very great
nd far ahead gleamed a light-it was importance that the very last of the
lfton station. Inilking or strippingg" should Ie tak-
Soon the single light grew into sep e. and of etual ilnJprtalce tlha;t this
rte fragments-the gleam from the should ie taken immediately after
t, the switch signals, and the red milking while it contains all the ani-
green lanterns on a side-tracked mual heat. No other food is so natural
hooms. band none has ever proved so successful
The brake! Ruth made a desperate rThe consumptive will soon find a
ort to set it. Her strength was not change for the better if the alnve ill-
t, but the stress of the situation structions are followed. 1 have tested
bled it and little by little she man- this plan In hundreds of cases in the
to tighten It. The furious speed last few years and I know that there
the car moderated every moment, are thousands of people whose lives
FOR SUMMER AND FALL
S- PLANTING. .
THE GRIFFIN BROTHER'S CO.,
SEED Jacksrile. Pla.
THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete st.ck of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets. Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans. etc.. etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange
and grape fruit trees a specialty....
Summer and fall catalogue free upon
THE ORIFFINO BROTHER'S CO.,
$4.00 for $2.00!!
Seed yon must have to make a garden, and the AolCULTrouIr you shbm:d have to be a
sucesful gardner. You can get them both at the pn or one. Send as one new unbriberer
and $2 and we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of
Beans, Extra Early Red Valen- Egg Plant. Grifflng's Improved
tine..... ..............10 Thornless.. .. .. ...... .10
New Stringless Green Lettuce, Big Boston.......... .5
Pod...... ......... .... 10 Onions, Red Bermuda.......... .10
Dwarf German Black Griflng's White Wax.....10
Wax................ .10 Peas, Alaska.. ........ .......10
Burpees Large Bush Li- Champion of England.... .10
ma .................. .10 Peppers, Long Cayenne.......... .5
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5 Ruby King.......... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur- Radishes, Wonderful .......... .5-
nip ....... .. .......... 5 Grffing's Early Scar-
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Wakefield ........ .... .5 Barley Scarlet Erfurt.. .. .5
Early Summer.. ........ .5 Tomatoes, Beauty......... ....
Grifng's Succession .... .5 Money Maker........ .. .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10 Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.... .5
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.... .10 Pomeranian White Globe
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5 .................... .5
Long Green Turkish.. .. .5 Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede.... .5
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.
Iight be saved if the above instruc-
tions were followed. Of course in most
cases a certain amount of medical
treatment is also necessary.-B. J..
Kendal, M. D. in Prairie Farmer.
Used Three Hundred Tons a Year.
E. O. Painter d Co., JacksoaviUe, Fla.
Gentlemen:- I have used your ferti
lizer ever since you began making it
and have used from 200 to 300 tons of
it a year before the freeze of 1894 and
1895. Since then have used it right
along on orange trees and there are no
better trees in the country than I have
to show. I also used your goods on
canteloupes and tomatoes and I am so
well pleased with results that I shall
plant from 20 to 40 acres of tomatoes
and 10 to 20 acres of canteloupes next
spring. That shows you what I think
of your goods. Yeurs truly,
DeLand, Fla.. Sept. 26, 1900.
"Mrs. Brinks has a noble stretch ot
the imagination, hasn't she?"
"I don't know her very well. Why
do you think so?"
"I heard her speaking of the flat they
live in as 'our town house.' "-Cleve-
land Plain Dealer.
OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and stricture without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nevons Disorders, Kid-
ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice is more than double
that of any other specialist Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi.
clans, rapidly yield to his treatment.
Write him to-day fully about your ease.
He makes no charge for consultation
or advice, either at his office or by
mall. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D. 25
Bryan Street. Savannah. Ga.
Sharple's Cream Separators-Profit-
CHEST WAY TO SMOKE MEATS.
Liquid Extract of Smoke is Clean,
Quick, Economical and Con-
Liquid Extract of Smoke is a pre-
paration made flom select-
ed hickory wood which
has taken the place of the
old-fashioned clumsy pro-
cess of smokinganeats in
a smokehouse. It is far
cleaner and more conven-
ient and it saves a lot of
S time and work. The liq-
uid Extract of Smoke
made by E. Krauser &
Bro., of Milton, Pa., is ap-
plied to the meat with a
sponge or brush, and the
meat can be hung at once
In the store room. Liquid
Extract of Smoke con-
tains the same ingredients that pre-
serve the meat when it is smoked in
:i smoke house. It keeps the meat
sweeter and safer than the old way.
improves its flavor, the process is per-
fectly healthful and is a better safe-
guard against insects which frequently
attack meats smoked in the old way.
No one who has adopted this way of
preserving meats has even been known
to return to the old way with its risks
and discomfort. Anyone Interested can
obtain full information by writing to
EX-GOVERNOR OF MISSISSIPPI
TESTIFIES TO THE MERITS OF
Jackson. Miss., May 5, 1900.
Dr. Earl Sloan, Boston, Mass.,
Dear Sir:-Some months since your
traveling agent, Col. J. L. Collins,
presented to me a few sample bottles
of your liniment, insisting that I give
it a fair trial when occasion might de-
mand. Since that time several instan-
ces with tenants on my plantation re-
quiring a remedy of this kind turned
uip. and must say with candor it act-
ed like a charm and was perfectly
marvelous in its effects. I am sure that
it is a remedy that fully merits all that
is claimed for it. and I cheerfully re-
commend it to all people suffering with
any complaint requiring antiseptic.
(Signed) Robert Lowry,
Ex-Governor of Mississippi.
W_ THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITH THE JOES.
Clara-"Are you engaged to Doug-
lass for good?"
Gertrude-"It looks so. I don't think
he'll ever be able to marry me."-Ex.
Patri-e-I told Willie if lie kissed
me I'd scream.
Patience-And A i-hat did he say?
Patrice-lOhl lie said he thought I
had a very musical screamn.-Yonkers
Sunday School Teacher-Now, Thos.,
who were the "wise men of the east?"
Thomas-Those who left Pekin be.
fore the Boxers got there. ma'am.-
"Why are you tempted to steal this
"Because lily doctor 're'ommeiidedt
me to take a little change."
Mr. Brown-I guess I'll turn off this
electric fan down stairs.
Mrs. Brown-Oh! David. don't; it
some poor burglar got in he would
simply stifle.-Indianapolis Journal.
Husband-My dear. I want to ask
you one favor Iefore you go off oni
that long visit.
Wife-A thousand, my love. What
Husband-Don't try to put the house
in order before you leave.
Wife-It isn't hard work.
Husband-Perhaps not. but think of
the expense of telegraphing to you ev-
ery time I want to find anything.-Col-
Guest-"Do you-ah-do you order
shirtwaist men out of your restau-
Head Waiter--xo sir. We throw
"We don't seem to be making much
noise in the literary world."
"No; I tell you what-you perpetrate
a plagiarism. and I'll accuse you of it."
"Your Honor," said the lawyer, "my
client acknowledges that shle struck
the book agent with a piece of gaspipe.
but she pleads that it was a case of
"How's that?" asked the Judge.
"Well. she thought it was her hus-
"George," said Mrs. Ferguson. "for
land's sake. straighten up! You're
worse hump-shouldered tlian ever."
"Laura." retorted Mr. Ferguson, "be
satisfied with having married me *>
reform me. When you try to re-shape
me you are undertaking too much."
She-"I heard that you said I re-
minded you of the North Pole. Don't
try to deny It."
He-"Of course I did. You are so
sought after, you know."
"When I grow up. Gracie," the little
boy said, "I'll marry you."
"When you grow up. Willie." she re-
plied. "you'll get down on your knees
and ask me."-Chicago Tribune.
Newlywed-"What is the right thing
to do when your wife asks you for
money and you haven't got it?"
Oletimer-"Oh! there is no right
thing to do under those circumstances!
*Anything you do will he wrong!"-
Anxious Mammnia-"Little Dick is up-
stairs crying with the toothache."
Practical Papa--'Take him round to
"I haven't any money."
"You won't need any money. The
toothache will stop before you get
"Talk ortn't to lse relied on too
much." said Uncle Elen. "'Tain' ne-
cessarily de man dat made de mos-
New Year's resolutions dat's going'
ahead living' de mon' orderly an' 'spec-
"When." shouted the orator, "when
will come that blessed day when every
man shall get all he earns?" "It'll
come along about the time," fiercely
answered the man in the crowd, who
was there for that purpose. "when ev-
ery nan earns all he gets."-Answers.
May-"Algy and Pamela had a fall-
ing out last night,"
'larrence-"W'hat was the cause?"
.Ma;y-"A lianInlock."-Harlem Life.
"The difference between the cow and
the milkman." said the gentlemen with
a rare memory for jests, "is that the
cow gives pure milk." "There is an-
other difference," retorted the milk-
Iani. "The cow doesn't give credit."-
In the days when the late Countess
of Dartmouth was taking out her
dalghllters-- the I.:lies Legge-one ev-
enring at Stafford house, it fell to tilhe
hit of T: somewhat deaf functionary to
announllllce the trio. "Lady Dart-
mnouth!" called out the man, who had
only caught half the sentence. "And
thie i:ladies Legge!' repeated her lady-
ship. "And the lady's legs!" echoed the
"I will make your nane a hissing
land a hyword!" savagely spoke the re-
"Yon Imlly make it a byword." the
around beauty remarked with majes-
tic contempt, but your own good
judgment will tell you that you can't
d1o mniul hissing with such a name as
Delia Mliller."-Chicago Tribune.
Yesterday my husband exclaimed
"P'arblel!" at golf.
This evening lie has just exclaimed
*"Hoot. 1mo1n!" at my fete champetre.
Hlow humiliating to be married to
suc'lh :a clotl of a na11ll. with no soul,
none of the tiner sensibilities!-Detroit
"lie lias no moneyy"
"T'len he probably has family 11and
"N: lie is in erely a fine nia11."
"Then why in the world is Maud
"IFor love. I understand."
"Well. I always did think Madl was
-well. queer."-Colorado Springs G a-
The Prosecutor-By tile way,
weren't you once arrested for horse
stealing in Arizona?
The Witness-Fori horse stealing ? In
Arizony? I'ln still a-livin' ain't I,-
"Did you ever hear anything against
"No sulh." answered MIr. El'rstus
I'inkley. "But he eats chicken mighty
regular on Sunday, an he's allus gotn
umnllerell when it rains."-W:ashington
Ile-"A funny thing happened p11
at the Blimbers' the other night. May
Blimller. you know. is quite a whi.t-
ler. and sle walked up to the piano.
andl sat down, and was just going to
vwilstle her Iest piece."
Shie-"Yes. go on. "
Ile-"(lharlie Linseed was there,
and lIe didn't know about her whist-
ling talent. And so) when she looked
t)p at Iliti with her mouth all lpukere I
lie thought it was all illvitition and
Sil -"Did hlit? Was -was it puckered
likte this?" (leveland Plain DIealtr.
Mrs. Small--"I don't know what we
are going to do for meat. Mr. Cutter.
the butcher, says lie can't give ios
credit any longer."
BMr. Small-"Do you know, dear, I
have for a long time thought we Were
eating too much meat. 'Tain't healthy
in hot weather. Hereafter we'll live
on a fish diet. I suppose we are all
right with Finns, the fish dealer."
A mIove is 'now on foot to establish
a c4.annli'e at this place. Some of our
people have agreed to plant largely in
tomatoes in case the factory material-
The Great Througn Car Line From Florida.
To The st
via All tal
THE ATLANTIC < OAST LINE, via Charles o ,
Richmond and Washington.
THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY. via Savannah, C. -
lumbia and Washington.
WT!T The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta andChattan'ga
The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Aslie-v.l
The Mobile & Ohio R. R via Montgomery.
Sia Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for N-,u
To Te York, Philadelphia and Boston.
Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Trianspori
h ion Company for Baltimore.
To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
HAVANA STEArISHIP CO.
NOVA SCOTIA, Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
CAE RE STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax. Hawkesbur
INC DWADS and Charlottestown.
Winter Tourist Tickets
Will be on sale throughout the NORTHERN. EASTERN, WESTERN AND
SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal top
over privileges In Florida.
ADDRESS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
IFor Information as to rates, sleeping-car services, reservations, et., write to
F. M. JOLLY, Division Passenger Agent
138 West Bay Ptreet. Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
W. B. DENHAM, B. W. WRENN.
Gen. Supt. Pass. Traffic Mng'r.
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
BY LAND AND SEA...
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK
BOSTON AND" EAST.
SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Thence via Palatial Bxpress Steamships, mailings Irom Savannah, Four Ship each week
to New York .nd making close connection with New York-Bostou ship, or tornd Lar.
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly ailing acheduls Write
for general information, sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
B H. H INTON. 'Trafle Msr., WALTae 11AWmaI11, Sea. Ags.
8avannah,.Ga. 22t w. Bay 8., Jacksonmvirl.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. a
Mr. S. B. Thompson now has hils ten
excelellet gins running on full time. and
is turning out Iale after bale of tile
fleecy staple. For tile ease. conven-
ience and economy with which cotton
is Hauled tills ginnery is a nodel and
cannot probably be excelled by ally
ill the state.-Lake (ity Citizen-Re-
County Surveyor J. O. Fries, who re-
cently completed the taking of a census
of the Seminole Indians, reports that
there are 339 in the Everglades all told
and that they are fast dying out. The
men largely out number the women,
and their attention seems to be turned
entirely to hunting. It took Mr. Fries
and party of four 49 days, and the num-
ber of miles traveled was 6oo miles by
boat and 2oo by wagon. The Indians
were very peaceful and nothing occurred
of serious nature during the journey.-
East Coast Advocate.
An opportunity is open for a bright
Florida boy with an ambition for a mil-
itary career to enter the United States
Military Academy at West Point.
United States Senator Mallory has the
appointment, and for it has ordered a
competitive examination to be held at
Tallahassee, on Tuesday, November 27.
A principal and alternate will be select-
ed, and both of these will be required
to present themselves at Atlanta, Ga., on
March I, Igo9, for the examinations,
physical and mental, prescribed by the
war department board.-T.-U. & C.
The crop of cassava in this section is
expected to be large. The cassava is now
from three to five feet high. The Plant-
ers Manufacturing company has about
700 acres under cultivation and all their
plantations are in good condition. There
are also nearly 500oo acres more in culti-
vation in this section. Capt. B. O.
Whitner has thirty-five acres which is
growing finely. The Planters Manufac-
turing company employs a large number
of men. This is the largest and most
extensive factory in Florida, and its pro-
moters are pushing, energetic men, who
deserve success.-Sanford Chronicle.
Walter Daniels, a young man 18 years
of age, the son of Mrs. Laura Daniels, a
widow living at Wilder, died recently.
The young man is supposed to have
been thrown from his horse while re-
turning from his work one evening last
week. The following morning, just be-
fore light the horse was found loose at
his home and a little later Walter was
found lying in the road near the resi-
dence of Mr. Leslie Miller, which place
he *had passed early the night before.
He was unconscious, cold, and stiff, but
was still breathing. He was carried
home and the doctor called. He lived
several hours but never regained con-
sciousness, or power of speech to tell
how the accident occurred. The only
wounds preceptible were, one on the left
side of his head extending from his
cheek to back of his ear, the skin being
slightly broken only on his cheek,
another on his arm near the left shoul-
der, and a slight bruise on his chin.-Ex.
The tug boat Dewey narrowly es-
caped destruction from fire at her dock
recently. The fire was started from a
stove pipe which passes under the pilot
house. It is supposed that soot or a
break in the pipe caused the floor of the
captain's room in the pilot house to take
fire. One of the crew was asleep on the
deck near the pilot house and fortun-
ately the heat woke him up. He turned
out the balance of the crew and they
subdued the flames, but not before con-
siderable damage had been done. All
of the captain's clothes and charts were
destroyed and the handsome finishing
of the room were ruined. Every glass
in the room was broken and the wood-
work was badly charred. The entire
inside of the pilot house was finished
off with expensive wood, which makes
the loss very great. The crew did great
work in saving the ship. They fought
the fire as hard as if the ship had been
at sea, and it is much to the credit of
the crew that the vessel was saved from
complete destruction.-Key West Inter-
The present city government is the
most efficient in the history of the
town. More internal improvements
have bIeen made than ever before;
more money raised. and the financial
condition of the town never better.
This omllditiou of affairs exist owing
to thelt fact thllt tile councill is corn-
nosed of tile best mlen in town, men
who have ain Interest in the town, and
who give their time and their labor'
to the town without money and with-
out price. It is due to their efforts
that we have paved streets to-day, and
not being contlent with what has been
done. they are now having all the main
streets of tle town graded, prepara-
tory to laying clay. When completed,
Arcadia will have streets second to
none in the state. We have now more
than lone mlile of asphalt sidewalks on
our main streets, and they are still be-
ing hlid.-Arcadia DeSoto County
('Captain Ireland advocates and will
adopt shedding to some extent, and as-
serts that those who have experiment-
ted with it longest likes it best. Shed-
ding lriings out the flavor of the fruit,
increases the juice content and does
not overload it with sugar. But lie ad-
ivocatesl it chiefly for its mechanical
value, as a protector of the fruit, a co n-
server of tile vitality of the plant. A
frost never falls J)eneath a shed; a
freeze alone can penetrate Ieneath its
shielding cover. It wards off the mnorn-
ing sunshine, which is one of the most
injurious agencies when plants are
weakened by the blow of the freeze.
Hlis plants are tine, showing good care.
lie has lIen in tlhe business several
years, extending through the severe
frosts of that period. and he is satis-
tied notiling worse can happen, and is
going steadily forward, renewing
where necessary. enlarging his area
Iald reaping a satisfactory profit. The
pineapple 1has a wonderful recupera-
live power. If tile frost and the thaw
wilt down every leaf. but the bud is
unhurt. this will grow upi with greater
rapidity than it would have done if
there hlad been no frost, and tile re-
sultant apple will le nearly as large
as tile normal. although sustained by
only a few stubs of leaves.-Tilmes-
l'uion and Citizen.
We offer One Hundred Dollars Re-
ward for any case of Catarrh that can-
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. Cheney & Co., Proprs., Toledo,
We, the undersigned have known F.
J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and be-
lieve him perfectly honorable in all
business transactions and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by their firm.
West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists,
Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Whole-
sale Druggists, Toledo, Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh is taken internally.
acting directly upon the blood and niu-
cus surfaces of the system. Price 75c
per bottle. Sold by all druggists. Tes-
Hall's Family Pills are tile b'-t.
Lucind:l-What stailtedi de row at de
Mlelinda-lI)t vulgahl .Jimi Johnsing
wenllt a little too fah.
Lucinda- -low's dat?
.Melindal hy. he frowed a hull rice-
puddin' at de grtoom!-Pluck.
FI S FOR $1 I will send you a
FI S prescription or formula.
Your druggist can compound it. 'Ihe
medicine will cure epileptic fits and
nervous diseases. I will also send diet
list. C. 1). KNAPP. Avon Park. Fla.
We would like to secure an
agent in every town and ham-
let in Florida. Write at once.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHE
4 t upon having them, take no others and you will get the best shlls that moneycan Im.
4 ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
Florida FRa.t Coast Ry.
*OUTH BOWNXT a Down.) In ~i4let Spt. 1.O.
1Dil Ua.ljy i No. STATIONS. No. 2L
= W a ... lua .. ...l aiie A........ao v ........ A
4 gUp 1110s `r ....... 8t.Auisine L........i
...... Ip lllLv ....... tJA lne ....... A
S ... 11 4 a .......... H .......L
... ,t 16p 12 (ftLAx ........ sa Pl t-.........
S . Ir pArr ........... Pala a.......... Li
........ i4 aLv ........ SPal ata ......... .AL
O ... Tap Ar ........ SManSsee ......... Li
0 ....... S aLv ........ San Maseo ......... Ai
..E4 4i9 --pffi L... ... At Palatka......... A
. U. 12. .. ..........Ormcd. .......... Li
1 p I7p ...........yon..........
a ...... 1 .l< .........J rt Orange..........
0 80a 82p 10p ........Nir Bmyrn ........
6421p "... ....OakJIAM.........
.. .s. ...... ......... ..cTitu Ua .......... ..
... ...... p .......... .........
S ........... .......... d .......... "
S ... ...... 4 ......... se. a i ........ "
..... .......... iA lan .......... "
S .......... .O ........... Sasian........."
...... ......' S nU ........ Won e.......... "
............ ..... 'P .... .. .."
S-.a ............ S ". ........... boso .......... "
............ *8 p ........... iJlm y .......... "
..... ..I.... T ip .........Robe Sound.........
p ... ........W t Juplter........ ..
... .p ......WtPlm Bea......"
S....... ... ....... . ..........
50 5 .... .L.... 8e
2N0 ............ 9. p ......tort o d ...... M"
S ... ....... 1 .........LPona ty ......... "
S..... ...... Ol r....... .....Iu 111i ... r.
(Bead Up) ORT1 SOUND.
a ... .
6. 2 ......
r 7 $On
r 6 16V
r 5 25p
Bfret Parlor Oae on Trains & aed :9
Between JakolnuO illt. Pable Benah and Mayuort.
lojW No.25 o. 1I No 151 No. le No.18Noa|
s8 unn Dailyl y STATIONS. N,1Dall sun
Sonly xluj Uex an I aet'Da onlylX
Se L.as..............Ja vmle.. .............. ...
l 208( 8p LaAr. ............. .Ja sotoonvlle .............Lv T 4p ......
7p ap a:p 8:: : ..'..... o Bach. ..... 7 I 4 .....
st o 800p ........ mayport ......... ... a f, pi tI ..4.
]Betwee New Siuyrm. al Orange Between Titusville ua d nfer.
City Jueti No. STATIONS. N Ni
Not, STATioN | 7 LT.......... Tituh ..........
v.........New Smyrns ........A ............ .............
.........Lake Helen .....L 6 8 ........... O ..........
4 ....... Orange City ........ 5 ................. "
ioAr ...Orange City Junction... Up r ........... atard........... Il
All trains between New Smyrna and Orange All trains between Titusiull yamd Bantfod
City June ion daily except S.nday. daily except Spday.
These Ime rIsbles snow the limes at which train may be exTleota to arrive and dei.1
from the several stations, but their arrival or departure at the time-. mtat.d is not guara-
teed. nor doe' the Company hold iteelf responsile for my delay or any eonasquences aU-
Peninsular and Occidental S. S. Co.
CONNECTIONS AT MIAMI.
HAVANA LINE. -
Leave Miami Tuesdays...........11.00 pm. Arrive Key West Wednmsilays .....I a. m.
Lave Key Wei;' Wedneda.vs ....... IOp.m. Arrive Havana Thurs lays.. ....... .U0 a. I.
Leave Havana Thtii.sd la......... 1.U40 Arrive Key Wet Thurslaay ....... .p. In.
Leave Key West. hursas......... 6.30 p.m. Arrive Miami Pridays .......... *1 In.
KEY WEST LINE. -
Leave Miami Fridnys ............ .U p. m. Arrive Key West Saturdays. ....... l.'. n.
Leave Key West nt I ys ............ 6.0 u. m. Arrive Miami Moutlay' ....... 6.3 a. .
Passengers for Haviia can wcave Miami Fridays I .WO. i. m ar.lvin i Key We- "a. rdays
Io a. m.. andi remain in Key West uniil 9.00 p.. m. Sunday following, and at that tivre leave
on the .teamship "Oliw;vi .:, arriving Havana Monday morning.
For opy of local time crd address any Agent.
MALORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
@ e< se eSS Q9Passemger Serviee.
Florida To make cloet onnec-
tlonswith steamed leave
New York Jacksonville (Uni. de-
pot) Thursdays 8:15 inm.
Phila- (. A. L. By.) or Fer., n-
dina l:30p. m., via cnn-
delphia & berland stammer; te.
en route, or "ll rail" via
Plant System at 2:00 p. m..
Bosto n ar. Brunswick 6:00p. inm.
gsseners on arrival go-
From Brunswick direct to n directly aboard steam
New York. er.
IPuMONLP AIlUNG for Nov.. 1o00.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICKGA.. DIRECT TO NEW YORL LEAVING BEVEI
FRIDAY 4S FOLLOWS:
.......... Nov. 16. S. S. RIO RANDE.............
S. S. COLORADO.. ............ ............... Nov. 23.
S. S. RIO GRANDE .... ............ .............. .. ..Nov. 30
S. S. COLORADO ................................... Dec. 7.
S. S. RIO GRANDE... ... ... ............. ............. ..Dec. 14.
For lowest rates. reeaton d io tll information apply to
BASIL GILL, Agent, 220 W. Bay street, Jacksonville, Florida.
H. A. Maromi, Aent. rDemadia. Va.
C. H. MALLORY & CO.. General Agen ts, Pier 21, E. R.,. New York.
Simon Pure Fertilizers
4 Time-Tried and Crop-Tested! a
Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the
GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.
If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES.
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and Inseetleldes gea-
CUT TOBACCO STEMS.
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to con
tain all their fertilizing and limectleid
WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO
E. O. PAINTER & CO., = = = Jacksonville, Fla.
Grew 8. Heavy.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertili-
zer bought from you about the first of
June, We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some
others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City, Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.
Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee. Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.
Beyond My Expectation.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. T. Pinery, the re-
sult was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
A. M. Temple.
Osteen, Fla.. Sept. 27. 1900.
Gave Entire Batisfaction.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-
ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford, Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla'.
Gentlemen:-Please inclose me an-
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Seed.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"i'.HiaJ IDeA T." BR ANDS---
j ^ HAVE TH ESE.
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ice
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ............... $3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)..........$27.00 per tor.
I POTATO MANURE................ per IDEAL PLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.... .28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE ................. $3000 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $3o.oo per too CORN FERTILIZER........................aoo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask-for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTTT T.ZRR COMPANY,
irs Woot Broad Ue and Beo $1&.00 per ta. Damavaland Guaom The Ideal Tobacco Fertllser. S4o00 per ta.
THEF FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.