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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00046
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: November 14, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00046
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text




































Vol. XXVII, No. 46. Jacksonville and DeLand, la., Wednesday, Nov. 14, 1900. Whole No. 1398


Peaches in Polk County.
Editor Florida Agricultrist.
Thinking a few words might be of
use .to those having a few peach trees,
as to the culture of same. I send you
the following:
It is easy in I'olk county to have
all the peaches of tile finest varieties
for your own -use, with a little care.
but this care the trees must have. I
have grown peaches for my own use
and a few to sell for about ten years,
and never missed i crop. never failed
hot or cold. to have plenty of this most
luscious and wholesome fruit.
Now don't turn up your nose and call
it bitter and worthless as a peach. I.
myself, have often wondered how the
peaches grown north of this section
would* compare in flavor and beauty
with the Waldo or Jewell peach as
grown on the Silver Lake fruit farm.
Well'I had a chance to sample them
this summer on their own ground, and
I can assure the many readers of the
Agriculturil. that I was much disap-
pointed in the peaches grown outside
of Florida, both as to quality and beau-
ty of coloring. They are simply not inl
It at all with the peaches I grow on
my home place, here in Polk county.
not to be mentioned in the same day.
One great trouble I found with the
peaches elsewhere, was that so many
of them were worthy, yes, and on the
trees, too; and again so much of the
fruit would rot on the trees. Now.
here at my home, you might go to the
trees blindfolded, and pick the ripe
fruit at random. night or day without
a thought of a worm or a specked
peach. In the ten years, I have never
seen a worm in any of my peaches, or
one of the peaches rotting on the tree
before it was ripe. either. And as for
coloring, an artist with his brush
could, not improve on it. Then as to
the bitter taste, well, that simply
wasn't there.
But you say. "Please let up on this
talk and tell us how you obtain so
much fruit, year after year." Well
in the first place. I plant my trees in
new land, and feed them well, not with
expensive fertilizer, necessarily. To-
bacco dust and good oak or palmetto
ashes are a number one fertilizer, but
don't leave out the tobacco dust, for
this has a tendency to stop any root
knot that may be around. And, mind,
plenty of potash and phosphoric acid
in some form. Should you be able to,
indulge in a little Simon Pure No. 1,
in connection with the tobacco dust or
finely cut stems. you know you will
he all o. k. so far as fertilizer is con-
cernted.
Now let me tell you another thing.
Don't forget to cultivate, yes, culti-
vate, often and deeply too. Keep it
up all summer till the first of Decem-
ber, here in South Florida. Then let
them rest till late in the spring. Jn
this way you will keep the trees grow-
ing till December. Buds will be small
and dormant and will stay in till the
cold is gone, with but little or none of
the winter blooming. I have trees


that have leen planted over eight
years. that are fruiting in their prime.
But yon say. "What about pruning.
don't you prune thelm?" Ye.s. but not
with a knife. I just siimply prune with
ilmy thumb nails. that is all. And so
miy fruit is all through the tree. not
on the ends of thle long switches. to be
blown off with every breatl of wind
that comes along.
There are many other points that I
could give you. but you are getting
tired and so am 1. But this fruit ques-
tion. ah! there is much to be learned
yet. B. 31. Hampton.
I.akeumote. Fla.
4 *
About the Orange Crop.
Editor Florida Agriculturist_
It was but a short time ago that the
New York Tribune published this:
"Orange growers il Florida still speak
with-tated breath of tile great freeze
of 18) --the time when wealthy men
woke up to read ruin in the frost cov-
erre ground. So keenl is tile recollec-
tion of that terrible season that devices
to protect tlhe trees are constantly be-
Ing put forth. One of the latest, and
certainly the most curious. is that of a
tent which is designed to cover and
protect the trees. The tent will be wa-
terproof. so that it can be used from
year to year, and will admit the sun-
shine on one side while it keeps out
frosty winds on the other. In each
tent will le an oil lamp. for heating.
When the orange growers are warned
of an approaching cold wave these
lamps will lie lighted and the door of
the tent closed, and there will be
warmth within, however chill the
winds may be.
"One of tile government's devices to
give warning of an approaching cold
wave is particularly ingenious. Mails
travel slowly in some of the less thick-
ly populated districts, so the engineers
of express trains are required to blow
their whistles six times in every three
miles. to give. notice of the coming
of bad weather.
"But in spite of these precautions, the
prospects for a good crop of oranges
and no frost are bright. There is also
an opening field in the exportation of
Florida cuttings to Cuba and Porto
Rico. The oranges of these islands,
while growing under great advantages
of soil and climate, suffer front lack
of cultivation, and would be much bet-
ter for a little American science and
enterprise."
It is true that the Florida orange
growers have an unpleasant recollec-
tion of the great freeze of 1895. The
growers can not have other than pleas-
ant thoughts of the orange crop of 1900
as it will bring Florida especially the
south part of the state, much money.
The Volusia County Record has this
item about the Florida orange crop for
this year:
"The present orange crop will bring
nearly as much money Into the state
as any one of the big crops preceding
the 1895 freeze."
The Florida crop as estimated for
this year is over one million bixes.


IHere is tihe estimate by counties in
Ioxes:
I eSioto aountyt........... .30,000
Mlanatee county ........... ..275,00()
lfillatbore county........ .....200.000
Polk county........ .. .......175,000
Lee county. .............. 75,000
I)ale county .............. 60,000
Orange county ......... .. ..25,000
Osceola county............... 25,000
1on'roe county. ............... 10.000
Scattering................ 10,000

1,205,000
In IXI.t IcSoto had the most boxes
aind in ltHIM it is also the banner or
range county of Florida. There is no
reason why the land owners of that
county should not value their holdings.
It is true there was a great freeze in
18t5.. It did not ruin the orange bust-
ness in South Florida, there is on the
average too great a profit in the crop.
Peter Prindle.
Avon Park. Fll.

Grapefruit.
Editor Florida Agriculturist.
"Many daughters have done well.
but thou excellent them all." This
proverb is. I think. fairly applicable
to the case in the line which
I now proiiose to pursue. M1rs. Mar-
garet McKinney. one of tile oldest set-
tlers of South Florida. who has lived
in the southeastern portion of Polk
county. for. at least, forty years, and
a sister of your scrilie, a woman of un-
doubted veracity, and who can yet be
corresponded with at Bartow, Florida
stated virtually the following at my
table. a little upwards of two years
ago. when a party were talking about
grainfruit: "Well, the most grapefruit
I ever knew one tree to bear at a time,
grew on a tree in' my yard on my old
Ilace. a mlile west of Bartow. (the old
McKinney place.) We never counted
the fruit. but it bore the crop I speak
of the year before the freeze, and was
about eighteen years old. I sold, at 75
ceuts Ier hundred. $25 worth of fruit
besides what dropped off and what I
gave away. And." said she, "It never
had a particle of fertilizer except the
wash water, which was thrown around
it each week. We washed under the
tree from the time it was planted.
when but a small tree, and always
threw the suds and rinse water under
it. It never had any cultivation, nev-
er was plowed or hoed. The weeds
and grass were trampled and kept
down by the family, fowls and stock
that sometimes rail in the yard. This
was all the cultivation it got."
So on this statement by her (which
no one could doubt who knew her). we
began the estimate of fruit, at the
price of 75 cents per hundred, and we
found the results 3,333 fruits, besides
what dropped and was given away.
well, 1 have often thought that at the
late prices of grapefruit, that any
"clod head" ought to get rich who
would grow and keep in good condi-
tion, one hundred trees bearing annu-
ally one third of this amount. Suppose
our estimated number of boxes is 3,-


:33. at -0 cents per box; one gets six-
ty-six and one-half boxes, if I make
no mistake. Then let us fix the price
at simply $5.iMl per box, and the result
would 1be $32.51. for one tree alone.
So on one hundred trees at this esti-
nmate, the fortunate owner would make
$33.250. if no mistake in the calcula-
tion. We dare not estimate them at
$10 per box. we should need a post to
hiold on to until the spell would evap-
orate. The reader can estimate it if
he las time, and then tick himself be-
cause lie hasn't got even ten such trees.
But somelwody may be curious enough
to inquire for further particulars about
this one tree. Well. if you will allow
me to anticipate you. I will answer
that it grew on a good article of low
lying pine soil, of the "salt and pepper-
variety. where the water seldom, it
ever stood lower than eight feet below
the surface and often rose to within
rntltffl'-l PBT "1**h-what about the
fertilization that gets me," says
some one. Well. as said. it was wash
water every week and such as was
common to the farm. Potash, of
course, was the cardinal property, but
it was in the shape of liquid solution
which was given in the abundance of
water, not less than two. if not three
barrels per week. from its planting to
its death by the freeze of '95. Every
week remember, for seventeen years.
But another question cones on in the
line of particulars. Pid this water
have any other ingredients in it besides
potash? Yes, it had humus in solu-
tion, just such as farmers and cow-
boys collect in their clothing, which
certainly would amount to an item in
bulk and weight in seventeen years.
though added in small quantities week-
ly, sometimes twice a week. "But is
this all?" No. for there was salt com-
bined in the solution, from perspiration.
And. last of all, the properties of to-
bacco. such as issues forth with the
Ierspiration, as four of the family, at ,
least, were slaves to the weed. besides
frequent boarders and hired hands.
who used it. Now you can call the to-
bacco ingredient by any name that
suits you, friend Editor, but It was
there in the weekly installments, for
you know too well how the clothing of
a man who uses tobacco stinks to
those who do not indulge in the filthy
habit.
This is all. I Ielieve, and will iudtice
on miy part unless I am interrogate d in
the future. Hur I wish, if the editor is
submissive, to say something more at
another tile about the grapefrllt.
Uncle Wa14h.
Southeast Polk ('oumty.
Air castles clan always ie built large
and pleasant. but the realization is al
ways front 25 to o per cent less than
we figure. "Blessed :s he that expeet-
eth not. for verily it shall not be dis-
appointed." apply t the $12 grape-
fruit growers.--Ed.
S C
He who does his -ork at the proper
time makes a gain of twenty-five per
cent.










6- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Jamaica Sorrel.
Some tille ago in an11 article on this
plant. I promised to securerecipesil for
using it front one who knew from ex-
perience just how to do it. I have eat-
en the product and to that extent know
the following directions are good. The
sorrel is just coming to maturity now.
so the recipes are olprtune:
This most deliclous of all jelly mak-
ing fruits is now in its prime, as it may
lie used lit any time from three days
after flowering until the seed pods are
ripe. although the later product would
only le suitable for jelly. the texture
having become too tough by this time
to be in best condition for jam or mar-
malade. Bear in mind that it is only
the red calyx that is used for this pur-
pose. the inner green see d ll being
rejected.
To Prepare For C(ooking.-Cut the
the fruit as needed from the plants
with a sharp knife or a pair of old scis-
sors. Then with a sharp knife cut off
the stem end and make one cut down
tie side of the calyx when it slips off
easily in the fingers. It can be rap-
idly done and is no more tiresome than
the preparation of any other fruit. Not
nearly so muchl as of any fruit requir-
ing to be pared.
Jamaica Sorrel Jelly.- After preimr-
ing and washing the fruit, put in gran-
ite or porcelain lined kettle, adding
water enough to come half way up
the fruit.' Cover closely and boll till
tender, not more than one-half hour-
fifteen minutes will often suffice. When
tender and "mushy," strain through
cheesecloth jelly hag. letting drain un-
til it stops dripping-like any other
fruit, it is nicer if it only drips without
pressing. When strained, put juice
back in kettle, and boil ten minutes.
add hot sugar. three-fourths cup for
each full cup of juice put in kettle.
Let come to boil. boil one minute long-
er and pour in glasses.
If the fruit is old and rather dry,
soak in cold water for one-half hour
before cooking and cook in the same
water. If too much water is added in
cooking it may le necessary to boil
fifteen minutes before adding the su-
gar. Do all your boiling before that
Ioint except the one boil up of the su-
gar and juice together if you would
have your jelly perfect. Like all jelly.
it is nicer for being made in small
quantities. Even in making large quan-
titles it pays better to boil in several
small kettles than in one large one.
Jamaica Sorrel Jam, No. 1.-Take
the fruit not more than five days after
flowering. Put in fruit kettles with
one-half pint water to one lquart of
fruit; hoil fifteen minutes, taking care
not to burn. Add two-thirds cup sugar
to each cnip of pulp. Boil fifteen min-
utes and out in glasses.
Jamnli(a Sorrel Jam. No. 2.-Aftere
dripping the cooked fruit for jOlly.
press the cheesecloth bag with the
hands and nearly all of the ,ulp will
come through and be very niuch finer
than if through the sieve.
Put in kettle with a very little wa-
ter or juice of the fruit and three-
fourths tile quantity of sugar and boil
one-half hour. Put in glasses and it
will soon le stiff enough to "cut wil a
knife."
Jamaica Sorrel .am. No. 3.-Boil tthe
fruit until tender and without s.-ainl
ing away any of the juice press through
a sieve or colander. put back in kettle
with three-fourths the quantity of isu-
gar, boil one hour and seal or lut in
glasses.
Jamaica Sorrel Preserves.-Take the
fruit at about three weeks old-four.
five. or even six will do. Put to cook
with qne pint water and six cups sugar
to two quarts of fruit. Boil till tender
:aind seal.
Jamaica Sorrel Sauce.-Boil two
quarts fruit in one and one-half pints
of water and sufficient sugar to taste
and serve cold. We can and use greater
quantities of the fruit in this way than
any other.
Spiced Jam.-Tlis may be delicious-
ly made by adding two teaspoonfuls of
cinnamon and one teaspoonful of
cloves to one quart of either of the
strained jams given above.
Sorrel Salad.-A pleasant salad may
be made by simply boiling the leaves


of the sorrel in a large quantity of wIa- some eases the camphor aild oil are al-
ter. draining them and serving with lowed to collect together on the sur-
salt and butter, chopped with a knife, face of tile water and are afterward
witl a French dressing. witli a i ayon- separated by filtration through rice
naise or any other nice salad dressing straw or by pressure.
A. delicious drink may also l e made About twelve hours are required for
from the leaves by boiling, putting on distilling a tuhful by this method. Then
in cold water, and use the juice either the chips are removed and dried for
diluted or otherwise sweetened to taste, use in the furnace, and the new
.lellly can also be made from the charge is put in. At the same time
leaves by boiling thoroughly, straining the camphor and oil are removed front
and then boiling the juice rapidly one- the condenser. By this method 201 to
half hour before adding sugar and ten 40 pounds of chips are required for one
minutes afterward. pound of crude camphor.
Even the stalks can be used in the The principles generally held to be
same way as the leaves, as they also essential in distilling camphor of good
are acid. quality are: (1) The heat must be unl-
W. S. Preston. form and not too great, producing a
* steady supply of steam; (2) the steam
Ootton Seed Oil and Olive Oil. after liberating the camphor must not
Consul Skinner. at Marseilles. come in contact with metal, that is. the
France, has made an interesting re- tub and condensing apparatus must De
port to the government at Washington, of wood.
in which he states that the consump- Suggested Improvements.-Many im-
tion of cotton seed oil as a food pro- provements upon the methods describ-
duct has been rapidly increasing, and ed can doubtless he made, tending both
that it is crowding out the use of olive to a reduction in cost and an increase
oil in the countries to which the olive in the proportion of crude material ob-
tree is indigenous. tained. Instead of an adze wielded
In the report to which reference is by hand labor a machine similar to the
made. Consul Skinner states that "hog" used for grinding up waste in
French farmers seem disposed to cease sawmills may be used to reduce canI-
the cultivation of the olive entirely be- phor limlbs to the requisite fitness for
cause of the unprofitableness of the distillation. Better distilling apparatus
crop. He cites one instance in "which can probably be devised. Thermomle-
40.40IM olive trees have been uprooted ters may Ie introduced to determine
in the last six months, and the ground the heat in the distilling tub, and the
they occupied devoted to the cultiva- furnace may be so arranged as to per-
tion of other crops. The cause of this mit better control and greater economy
was the low price to which olive oil in fuel. Camphor and camphor-oil nre
has fallen in France. Because of the both slightly soluble in water, and tihe
substitution of other vegetable oils condensing chamber should be imlprov-
for its use. Pure olive oil for edible ed so as to recover the product that is
purposes, he says, is at present practi- being constantly carried off in the run.
call unknown in any important mar- ning stream which cools the chamber.
ket in France. and if it were offered Outlook For Future Market.-Th*
for sale it is doubtful if it would be ac- consumption of camphor in the United
cepted as pure. as the average con- States. as measured by the importa-
sumer, at the present time, prefers the tions. has been decreasing during the
neutralized taste of a mixture of the past ten years, while the price has
'olive and vegetable oils. and would been increasing.
mistake the fruity flavor of the pure The Tariff Act, approved July 27,
juice of the olive for an 'adulterated 19d7, imposes a duty of six cents lpcr
product. pound on refined camphor, and leaves
Apparently there is a fine opening crude camplior on the free list, as here-
for southern oil refiners to manufac- tofore.
lure for home consumption the product There has been all increase in Im-
now so generally sold as olive oil in- portations of refined camphor, due to
stead of sending their crude oil to improved methods of refining and
France and Italy. where it is refined pa(eking in .Jalan and to the changes
and then sent back to this country as in tlle tariff, but this increase has
"'pure olive" oil.-Texas Slock & Farm bleen mnucht more than counter-bal-
Journal. anced by the decrease in importation
of crude camphor. The decrease may
Camphor. be attributed to tile following causes:
(Continued.) 1) the exhaustion of the supply of the
Iistillation.-In the native forests in available camphor trees near the ship-
Formosa. Fukien. and Japan. camphor ping Inrts; (2) tile governmental re-
is distilled almost exclusively from strictions on the trade in camphor in
the wood of the trunks, roots, and Formosa: (3) government taxes on the
larger branches. The work is perform- exportation of camphor from Formosa;
ed by hand ilalor and the methods em- (4) hostilities and wanton destruction
played seem rather crude. Different of camphor stills by the natives in For-
imethods of distillation aire employed in mosa; (5) disturbances in the camphor-
different districts. but those in the producing district of China; (0) the
province of Tosa, iil Japan. appear to China-Japan war; (7) attempts by
le the most skillful. The camnhor speculators to corner the market.
trees are felled and the trunks. larger These causes have increased the price
limihs. and sometimes the roots, are of camphor, and this in turn has led
cut into chips by hand labor with a to the introduction of substitutes. Men-
share concave adze. tiol and other peppermint derivatives
The fresh chips are placed in a wood- or compounds, carbolic acid and its
en tub about 40 inches high and 20 derivatives. naphthalin, formalin, and
inches in diameter at the base, taper- insect powder are now used for various
ing toward the top like an old-fash- purposes. where camphor was employ-
loned churn. The perforated bottom ed. Camphor has been manufactured
of the tub fits tightly over an iron pan artificially, at a cost leaving a margin
of water on furnace of masonry. The of profit at present prices. It is there-
tuib has a tightfitting cover, which may fore apparent that if the production
le removed to put in the chips. It is of camphor from the trees is to be car-
surrounded by a layer of earth about ried on with profit in this country, and
six inches thick to aid in retaining a the iludstry increased to any consider-
uniform temperature. A Ibmboo tube able extent, the price of camphor must
extends from near the top of the tub le reduced to compete with the prices
into the condenser. This consists of two of substitutes now taking its place.
wooden tubs of different sizes, the larg- Camphor has been obtained from
er one right side up, kept about two- several other plants not at all related
thirds full of water from a continuous to the ordinary camphor tree, but only
stream which runs out of a hole in one I two kinds. Borneo and Blumea cam.
side. The smaller one is inverted with phor, are of any importance commer.
its edges below the water, forming an cially.
air-tightl chamber. This air chamber Borneo camphor is obtained from the
is kept cool by the water falling on camphor tree of Borneo and Sumatra,
thel top and running down over the Drybalanops aromatic. It is deposited
sides. The upper part of the air cham- in the clefts and hollows in the wood,
her is sometimes filled with clean rice and has simply to be taken out. This
straw, on which the camphor crystal camphor is comparatively rare, and the
lizes. while the oil drops down and col- supply is consumed almost exclusively
lets on the surface of the water. In in China, where it is valued at from


thirty to ninety times as much as the
ordinary canmphor.
Bhuniea caimllipor is obtained by dis.
tillation from Blunnea Ialsamiifera, a
shrnll grotwilg iln Hurmal and the May-
lay Peninsular. This is usually refined
in Canton. wllhele alhout 10,.000 pounds
are exported annually. Trie source of
this supply is abundant. and as the in-
dustry develops it is likely to enter
Lore into colllpetitlon with ordinary
.cailphor. Neither of these plants can
le grown ill the United States, except
possibly in Southern Florida. without
protection against cold.-Agricultural
Gazette. N. S. Wales.


CDU OCAIcE-WHISKY
l~lfllll aft Owmd st =7 l..z-
j oe c. s
o, I9.u h 4Wa 8d.undrei.
orwt~eronn.. a, :remi -AeMiAtr. Book oa
womrnT, tmen.,"t t." ? VaaL Addr..
B. M. WOOLL, M. D., Atlnta, Ca.


-.Vio POTATGOre
'*A oostook Co.MAaine'
,.^ Pu"rityGu-arnt-tdti.S
.e aN ,v; E-w*es.3 C.Y'!f


Splendid stock of Citrus trees on
rough lemon roots, and also on sour or-
jS. ange and trifoliata.
,' s Enorinous collection
*and stock of other
S rt trees, Economic
SPI a nts, Bamboos
i Palms Ferns Coni-
Sfers and Miscellane-
o*ous ornamentals. 17
0 year. Most extensive
collection of plants and trees in the
Lower South. Send for large elegan"
catalogue
REASONER BROS.
Oneco. Fla.

S FOR S1 I will send you a
F S prescription or formula.
Your druggist can compound it. I he
medicine will cure epileptic fits and
nervous diseases. I will also send diet
list. C. D. KNAPP, Avon Park, Fla.




PO1IOMS UARA&NTSMD.
Unow fA00 Oash De0o8lt.
*AmI & wae P m
6m 1 &w seam. TVf Dhm -
rtaa k le--i.M 3 .










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


The Boy and the Farm. double purpose -for fiood anId health '. A. big tank mounted on four
Writing upon the subject which just It is designed to assist cheilnial trailns- wheels drags a sort of tender-box sup- '
Iow is attracting wide attenliol ill formations by the oxygen it evolves. It lIorled ,b two wheels, into which is
many cireles-keeping thie boy on the Is itself a cheiemicl problem. This il- run from tle tnnk supplies of oil. This
firni-E. E. Iexford. thel veteanll and lreses "ll a ng th' towers and weeds. box lias a furnace be eath it which
entertaining writer on agricultural sub- Tlhen lit1 grains lhave ai history and heats thle oil. ;alnl atllItaed to it is a
ects says: destiny equilel onl y 1111at of 1te soil drag. looking something like a l:y
je.ts sys in which they grow. strong or weak. rake. A numbller of curved rods or fin-
It is not so much ambition on the iThe tlres are Ill accidents. and tell of gers go out froni the bottom, and these
part of the oIy to enter upon city life soil-vigor or laik thereof. The hills. are drawn through tie dust and along
for the sake of its advantages as it is rolled li by le earth changes (still go- the road. They mark little furrows
a desire to ecilape fro tile drudgery ilg Ol). ad tihe streams, marshes and in ithe dust. and into these furrows,
of a life Inade unattractive and 1o- prairlies tell of waterwvorks (physical ihrougl a scrieis of pipes. isischarged
notonlous for hli. -ecanuse it is a round forlesl nIlore interesting to the fa riner tie, oil. A. se-onld linger-- or sort of
of labor froln one week's end to anoth- than Niagara or Yosenile. The prol. thumb arrangement tixed farther
er-a life without variety, and one in lens of the seasons. ill wet and arid lck turllns the dst over the oiled fur-
which he plays the part of a machine. lands. are interesting alid fascinating. row. and the surface is then left to
to a great extent.
to a great extent. e e hat crops to raise each year and how iabsorlb. process which requires about
It is fact which cannot e denied i n.age tlil, lans takes knowledge a hour to effect. A roller is then
that most farmers ignore the desire of equal to that of any generalship. .ack- drawn over the oiled width, and the
their oys for variety and seem to con- ing this. i it ay wonlldelr the ignorant first erle illltlt is .nuoiplet.d.--The
sider them unequal to the task of as- Isys go to Ilral'tie vlthat they know' Breeders' 4 ;azette.
suing thie responsibility. Tills is. no Wi he educational institutions reach *
doubt, tile result of early training. oult aid educate the strong firan boys Importance of the Ray Crop.
They are salply bringing up their IsHys aln.g lines Irieftl outlined thley ill Slters .ie
as they were brought up. and excuse alntg le s t fl.s: aoutined oe there w ome days ago The Farmers Voie
themselves leave thfor fardois ad by there. thefoolih received request front at friend in
themselves for doing so by the foolish will 1w aI drift the other way and all MaryaIndi for inforniatloi regarding
argument that what was good enough land fall .1arylnu or information regarding
argmlellt that what w-as good enough llhumanity will be Ieenefited thereby. the price of a carload of western hay.
for them Is good enough for their ehil- Agriculture. scientifically elucidated, the writer tle;lcilrilg that the coulodi-
dren. They can not Ie bIlind to tIle fact te wrr lai at th -" "l
tt theworl moves dthat the illake the Northwest blossom as a ty was scarce in the East and in very
that the world moves. arid that the r-a vast garden of grea fertility tin very
methods and practices of ag generation fr itaentility truth "hay wals lhay." The eccentrici-
ago can not e successfully apple to roit. rers ice. ties of the weather during the season
the present generation. I call never of 1!) and the Iunequal distribution of
rid myself of the feeling. when I hear Oiled Roads in California. the rainfall have greatly reduced tlhe
a man say this. that he feels sore over county y and road supervisors in li'ay cropl of tile countryy this season.
the hardness of his own childhood and Southern (California are unanimous ill ald causes those who never before re-
he experiences a desire to "get even" the relief that the problem of excel- alized it to understand sollething of
by making life as unpleasant to others lently nnacadamized roads at small cost lhe importance of the hay crop to the
an it has leen for himl. Perhaps I may has at last Ibeen solved, and that solu- agriculture an1d c(4i)mtence of this coun-
be doing the average farmer an in- tion of it has been attained through the try'
justice in thinking this, but I find so application to thel of crude oil. There )ne authority recently declared the
many who say that what was good are now nearly a hundred miles of road condition of tlie hay crop to be of more
enough for them is good enough for in the several counties of the southern inlportance to tle agriculturist than
their boys, that I can not help believing part of the state which have been that of all his other crops put together.
that I am not far out of the way. treated in this manner. and so pro- While tle actual amount of the hay
I believe the farmer is the one who nounced in every instance alld parti- reaped and marketed may not produce
Is most to blame for the exodus of the cular has been the success of the trial so m""uch after it is reaped, the fields
boy from the farm. This is an age of that there is no doubt that nearly a "o which it has been grown provide
thought, of progress, of new ideas. The thousand miles will le put under con- pa"sturage for tlhe stocks which constl-
time has gone by when farming can be tract for thle treatment during the com- lute lino small portion of the wealth of
carried on automatically. Old methods ing year. It has been found that to the farmer. But even by itself the hay
must be superseded by new ones, which place the roads ill condition through crop is of tile utmost importance. Ac-
are in harmony with the progressive the use of oil is cheaper than maintain- tording l to the Inited States crop re-
spirit of the times. These new tenden. ing them in half condition during a Iorts for 1890, the hay crop of the
cles are seen il all lines of life. and single season by sprinkling with water. country Oklahoma and Indian Terri-
there is no reason why the farmer And when a road has once been put story not included. amounted to 5i,ti.5,-
should remain in the old ruts. The boy into condition with oil it requires but 7e.iA tons. the actual market value of
feels this. and he would like to keep slight additional expenditure to keep it which was $44.!i2-;,187. No less than
abreast with the times. He would do so. On all the main highways in Los 41 .:28,46i2 acres were devoted to its cul-
this if his father gave him any encour- Angeles county oil-coating is now ap- tivation, so that there was thus yield-
agement. but this he fails to get. He plied. .Many of them have put patches ed to 1ilt1 growers about $10 per acre,
is kept in the background as much as of it half a llile or n mile in extent, the which ill view of the service of the
possible. in the planning of farm work, oil being used upon it to test the effect tells after tlhe crop is gathered makes
and the management of the farm. Is it it will have upon the earths of differ. tie crop a \ver3l profitable one.
to be wondered at that he resents such ent character and upon roads of vanr- It is not to tile growers alone, how-
treatment? He knows the possibilities ing qualities. It lha been found that ever, tile crop is illportant. People inl
of his nature; he feels himself equal where the road had ai n even, hard tlhe 'ity are equally interested in it.
to responsibilities. and the constant re- foundation. smooth and clear ruts, anld The keelleis of private and public sta-
pression put upon his desires to do about two inches of dust oni the sur- ldes are as ldelendent upon it as the
things in a new way. and be something face. upon this road the oil is a coin'- agriculturist. Tle railroads of the
more than a machine to operate at the plete success 1and gives a sur- country" derive vast sumns each year
will of its owner, galls and frets him, face as ilished. clean anld clear fro'l hnuling it to the centers of com-
until finding lie has no chance to as- as an asplihalt street. Where le'''e. Everything that relates to it
sert his individuality, he rebels at the the toil is -layey though tlhe l sinloraice. l'armers
old life and leaves the farm. Nine out surface is rutty. it will maintain the Voice
of every ten boys who do this would be hard character of the ground, allay all .
content with farm life if it could be dust and prevent further decay by re- Southern Industrial Convention.
made more attractive to them. They sitting the formation of mud, the oily The Southern Ildustrial Convention,
would be willing to work, but want a and impervious ground holding the wa- to le held in New Orleans early in De-
chance to work in their own way-a ter in the ruts until it dries out and celnr er, is exciting much attention all
way that has some thought and brains preserving the earth beneath from be. over the Union, and promises to bring
in it. They object to being treated as coming saturated with it. ()t a road to this city one of the largest, most
children after they are able to do a of deep. blue sand, however, the oil able and most effective conventions
man's work. Let the farmer take his appears to show little Iwnetit. that we have ever had. The woDle of
boys into his confidence and his coun- One hundred barrelt- of oil per mile the South ill general and of Louisiana
ell and treat them as he would like to spread over all area eighteen feet in iln particular. resting as largely as they
ie treated by those above him in au- with will Iput road ill condition have in the past ulmo their great ag-
thority. and we would hear less about ailog the extent of the oiled surface ricul:ural resources, have felt indiffer-
the boys leaving the farm. and gilve an; excellent roadway. ade- cnt about pushing the mIerits of the
pllotler view of this subject is tuate for ordinarily traitic. The oil is lit many dire-ntionis in which the South
presented y a well know" Chit'ago oil inl three applications; the first at the canl equal the rest of tilhe states of the
physician. Ior. T. C. Duncan, who rate of sixty barrels per mile, and the nllion industrially.
points ot ill the Northwestern Advo- two subsequent treatments at a rate The facts that tile state of Alabama
eate how faril life may be made fas- of twenty biarrels plr mile each. Great can proluce pig iron mIore cheaply than
'inating t t he boy by- educating him cilarle must be taken in delivering the any other state in the l'niton and that
so that lie ny compreh end the mean- oil. It should be hot when discharged, North Carolina is nlow able and does
ing and ilhportance of lls work-mak. and l(oured upon a hot surface, so that colinsume at hone the vwhiole of her own
ing Iilm to know that lie not only is tile work of the oil sprinkling is con- cotton crop, are very striking circum-
employing tie great forces of nature. filled to the heat of the day. The oil stances. and such as suggest a great
but that he *ecomnes himself a co- can lnot be poured on indiscriminately, and impending industrial change. The
worker with the Creator of those but must be grilled into the dust a. enterprising American of to-day who
forces. Dr. Duncan says; wheat is drilled into land prepared to 'ain comnland adequate capital will not
The farm boy is in the midst of- a receive it. If it is not so applied the remain to spill cotton in New England,
wonderful laboratory. He needs his oil will not saturate evenly the dust or to Iproduce pig iron il Pennsylvania.
eyes opened. His feet are upon prehis- area, but will lie in splotches, run to- when he linds that ill many of the
torie earth; his head is among the gether alnd so make a very imperfect Southern states far better opportuni
:stase and around him sweep the forces success, either as a job of sprinkling or ties for the investment of capital pre-
.hat work wonderful transformations. as an oiled surface. In order to meet sent themselves to him. Therefore,
The grass under his feet grows for a the requirements a machine has been thousands of the leading capitalists of


How dots onlle acquire patience, se-
renity. generosity. save through their
exercise ill meeting trials andt sorrow!"
These obstacles are as essential to
spliritiual development as the practice
of the scales to tile development of the
skill of tlle artist. There are three
neniltal states tl hat can overcome ill for-
tI ule: these are concentration medita-
tion alnd etllaniity. If trials come,
lift ill the heart to God. and pray to
learn the lesson that He sends It to
teach.-Lilian Whiting.


WHY

DR. HATHAWAY

CURES.

Reoals for His Marvelous Sueem-
His New, Free Book.
SDr. Hathaway's method
of treatment Is noexperl-
ment It istheresult o
twenty years of experi-
ence in the most exten-
sire practice of any
specialist in his line In
the world. Hewasgrad-
best medical colleges n
the country ad perfect-
ed his medical and surgi-
cal education by exten-
sire hospital practice.
Early in his professional career he made discov-
eries which placed him at the head of his profe-
sion as a specialist in treating what are generally
known as private diseases of men and women.
This system of treatment he has more and more
perfected each year until today his cures ae so
invariable as to be the marvel of the medial
profession.
Enjoying the largest practice of any specialist
in the world he still maintains a system of nomi-
nal fees which makes it possible for all to obtain
his services.
Dr lathaway treats and cures Lss of Vitality.
Varcocele. Stricture. Blood Poisoning in its dtf-
ferent stages. Rheumatism. Weak Back. Nerv-
ousness. all manner of Urinary Complaints.
Ulcers. Sores and Skin Diseases. Brights Disease
and all forms of Kidney Troubles. Histreatment
for undertoned men restores lost vitality and
makes the patient a strong, well. vigorous man.
Dr. Hathaway's success in the treatment of
Varicocele and Stricture without the aid of knife
or cautery is phenomenal. The patient is treated
by this method at his own home without pain or
loss of time from business. This Is positively th
only treatment which cures without an operation
Dr. Hathaway calls the particular attention sufferers from Varicocele and Stricture.to page
-7.28.29. 30 and 31 of his new book, entitled.
"Manliness. Vigor. lelth," a copy of which will
be sent free on application.
Write today for free book and symptomblank
mentioning your complaint.
J. NEWTON HATHAWAY M. .
Dr. Hathawy & C.,
25 Bryan Street, Savannah. 08
MENTIONWTHI PAPER WHEN WRITING.

the North. and particularly those iden-
titild with out growing mianiufaeturing
industries. are looking with keen inter-
est to ilt Southern states. with the
view of studying our resources in the
industrial directions with which they
ire f:uniliar.
In New Orleans in DeI emnlber the
whole ground will Iw considered and
our iiidulstrial resources in every direct.
tionl. agricultural and manufacturing,
will lie discussed lby those who are
thoroughly competent and thoroughly
familiar with the subject matter, and
we h11:ve ino doubt that the result of
this convention will give such an im-
iH'uis to the inflow of capital to the
Southern states as has never bee lbe-
forl exlierienced.-Iltlisiana Planter.
*
The Secret of Success.
I"'ew ailltdotes and sayings of the
Ilte congressmann Dingley are currently
but there is one which has been print-
ed which contains a world of wisdom.
lie waas asked on onl occasion the se-
cret of success ill Congress, and in re-
lly. said: "If a lIan be a specialist on
a subject; if he knows more than the
ordinary Congressman knows or can
hope to learn by mere dabbling, theit
he clan compel Congress to listen to
lIn11. and he rises to be a power."
Here is suinnled up in a few words
the secret of success not only in Con-
gress. but in every other branch of
life.
Tle m11lan who knows some one sul-
jec(t tlioroughly and has the power to
iml)iart his knowledge or to apply It
Irac:tically is tile llanl who is snuccess-
full. This is thin day of the slecialist.-
I Xc-h ancl.









STHE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

Tobacco Crop and XMarket. was a striking frequency of inquiries
"There is always something the mnar- .s to new money crops-rops that arm An
ter with my tobacco crop. I never have iould le cultivated in c-onnection with arme1 Il te ntIO
had good luck with it and have to sell those already growing. and readily con.
it for one-third to one-half less than vertille into money." 8PECIAL
growers get in some other sections." "What crops did you suggest. Pro- PR
This remark waxs made to us by a rfesor?-'" lV
very intelligent farmer the other day. "That depended on the locality. For 60008
We went io) his to'Klieo Iiarni and exlmpllle: In the southern part of the
found the crop of very fair growth. d1e. s;ate. where oranges are grown, we AVery Garden Plows, Acm e Harrows
veloping mold sinimly It cause it wai s tresseqd tIH value of hay. which can
hung tooh close and tle barnl was kenm lie produced in the groves: at Jensen, a GEORGIA STOCKS.
tight even ll bright. dry weailter, when leinaiipple loality. we talked especially SPRAYING OUTFITS8
the air should have Iteen allowed the of tle velvet bean, and as we came
fullest circulation, ait leiat until lthe north, we advised particularly the and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies
cure was nearly completed. ;growing of sugar c(.ane and cassava.
"Have you rend the recent articles "\What subjects generally were di- Poultry Netting = '1. Columbia Bicycle
ill our tobacco department on harvest- cussed?" was asked. CHARTER OAK S TVES,
ing, curing and handling of tobacco?' *(Oh. there was a variety. Mixing CARRARA PAINT, I RO PIPE. BOILERS AND PUXPi
we asked. "No." our farmer friend re- anld applying fertilizers, economic fer- WRITE FOR PRICFS4.
plies. "I haven't had time." "Have you tilizing. diseases of truck and fruit
a copy of Myrick's Iook 'Tobacco Leaf, crops. cultivation and care of orange OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
Its Culture and ('ure. Market and groves, pineapple culture, crop rotation,
Manufacture.' and have you studied sugar cane and such new money crops
carefully the exhaustive chapter on as hairy vetch, velvet beans, strawber-
curing?" "Yes. I have the book, but 1 ries. and hay were a few. Then dairy-
must admit that I have not read the ing and poultry raising and fattening
whole of it or even looked at the Dart beef for market had attention-so, you
on curing. I doubt if we can learn see that the discussions took a very
anything about curing tobacco from wide range."
hooks or papers." "How were you Impressed with the THE EST A
Now, my man. if you mean to say general condition of the farmers andI
that you cannot learn anything from of the country?" SEPTIC USED
a carefully studied experience of the "Why. from my observation, the AND THE
very best growers and scientists in crops are extremely good. and the oper. GREAT FRIEND
handling tobacco, you had better quit nations of the past season have been
the business. I reckon from what gratifyingly successful. This applies To
you frankly admit that your failure to the orange crop wherever the local MAN OR BEAST.
to read up even a little on the curing conditions are such that the trees are Penetrates quick. Stops
of tobacco every time it is harvested bearing, and the many people who Pain at once.
until delivered to the buyer has cost have jumped to the conclusion that
you from $100 to $300, and perhaps the orange industry is dead in Florida /MATIM
more. You say you have bad luck, on since the freeze would be astonished RHEMATM
your crop. That is not the trouble at to know the number of heavy crops = 'CRAMP
all. You have not even tried to master that have been produced, even as far WILL NOT STAY.
the art of curing and handling cigar north as middle Florida; showing that .. .....- 2
leaf tobacco, yet you know it is one the groves are already arriving again Family size .... .... n $
of the most delicate and risky of all nt a profit point. The pineapple indus. Horse si.. an
crops. The men who get a fancy price, try. which is comparatively new and
which you complain you can not get, has been conducted hitherto for the Sloan's Pinkeye Fever and Distemper Cure.
are men who have thoroughly mastered most part. experimentally, sometimes
every possible detail of the subject. irrationally, is rapidly improving, and SAVES YOUR HORSES AND MULES-IS SURE CURE.
And yet these men will be the first to with the introduction of changes which
admit how little they know about the the growers are coming to thoroughly 0oo and *$ per Bottle.
Scrop in spite of all their practical ex. understand promises to become very
perience and scientific study. We re- year more remunerative. I found too,
gard the tobacco specialists of the Con- that homeseekers were more than ever
necticut valley, for instance, as repre- interested in east Florida. I heard of
sentatlve of the very highest type of numerous instances of persons making SLOAN'S SURE COLIC CURE *
agriculture as yet produced. We inquiries with a view to settling, and
know numbers of these men whose there were new buildings going up and Stope Pail Inrtantly. No rrtoIr.lr
knowledge of fertilization exceeds that other improvements on every side. Un-
of most professors of agriculture os doubtedly large sums of money are be-
fertilizer manufacturers, while their ing invested. 26 doses and good glass syringe in package $i.oo.
mastery and judgment upon the mania. "Let me say that I had valuable
fold phases of tobacco culture and cur- assistance in the institutes. From
ing always command our admiration.- leading farmers in each locality, it was
American Agriculturist, learned by correspondence beforehand W r te
* what subjects they especially wished Warranted to cure if taken in time or money refunded.
Farmers' Inuttutes. to be informed upon, and then gentle-
Prof. H. E. Stockbridge, who is in me" known to be best capable of giv- Sold and guaranteed by all druggists and dealers.
charge of the agricultural department ing information about them were in-
of the State Agricultural College In vited to deliver lectures. In this way,
Lake City, was in Jacksonville yester- we had a corps of specialists. and the
day, on his return from Hastings, institutes, which lasted for two days PRBPAR ID BY
where the last of the series of Farm. in most cases, I believe resulted in dis-
era' and utgrowers' Institt n- semnatng a large amount of really D R B A R L S. S L O N ,
der his direction, was held in the east wlo e information. Among those
st who assisted were Maj. G. P. Healey,
Replying to questions of a reporter 8. H. Galtskill of McIntosh. William PorrrIerlyrof St. LoUttiaMo.
playing to questions of a reporterH. Hume
yesterday- Professor Stockbridge said: Gist of MCIntosh, Prof. H. H. Hume,
"Yes, the series has been, to my mind, iologilst of the state Eeriment sta- BOSTON, A SS V. S. A.
remarkably encouraging, and it made tion; William Amaden of Ormond, W.
clear to me that the farmers and fruit. S. Hart of Hawks Park, President
growers of Florida are eager to learn George L. Taber of the State Horticul-
the best and most advanced scientific tural Society, and Mrs. H. G. McCar-
the best and most advanced si i dy of Ankona."-Seml-Weekly Times-
methods appertaining to their indus- of I Ankona"- miWee Timen-C
tries. The farmers are thinking, they nio and en
are beginning to find the best meth-
ods are the cheapest, and they manifest Drouth and Moisture.r e
the keenest interest in every sugges- Long periods of drouth this year
tion likely to be of practical value on have caused many of the experiment
their farms and in their groves, stations to examine closely into the
"We held six institutes, the first in matter of soil moisture, and the Uni-
Jensen. on October 1ith. add after- versity of Minnesota has issued a large 70 Ugek WATCHES
wards in West Palm Beach, Miami, bulletin on the subject. The time has
Itaytona. Titusville, and the last in come, owing to forest destruction,
Hastings. from where I (cme yester- when the question of soil moisture is
day. after closing a most successful the most important that can be con-
institute. The institutes were usually sidered in relation to farming. The
held in the town halls, and in all cases plant derives its food supply through
they were attended by large numbers the agency of the water which it
of the most Intelligent planters and drinks in or absorbs from the soil with
fruitgrowerp, who filled the auditori- the aid of the membraneous surfaces
ums and frequently crowded them. The of the roots, with their root hairs,
discussions were informal, and after which latter greatly increase the sur- Premium Offer No I Ay oe a n Sbcb a
the lectures, they became general. face connection of the plant with the $20 will receivan open-face, stem-wnd
There were question boxes, and the water of the soil. Large quantities of and stem-set watch, guaranteed by the manufacturers for one year. Send your scrsp.
farmers piled us with queries. There water thus taken in by the plants are lon at once to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jackmoavillg, P .










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


"breathed out" into the air through
the leaves, and the amount is enor-
mous, field crops consuming 200 to 500
pounds of water for each pound of
dry matter the plants add to their own
weight in growing. The roots of field
crops are mnuc.h longer, much more nu.
merous. spread farther, and penetrate
into the soil to greater depths than
many persons realize. Where the up-
per portion of the earth is often too
dry for the plant to feed some crops
send their deepest roots downward
four to six feet or more. though the
greater number of roots are in the upl
per eighteen inches of soil. The rich.
eat portion of the soil. and the part in
which the plants prefer to feed, if
sufficient moisture is present, is the
lower half or two-thirds of the furrow
slice. With greater depth the plants
feed with more difficulty. While the
deepest roots procure sone food. their
chief function is to bring the water
from deep in the earth when the supply
near the surface is short. Clover sends
its roots deeper than corn or wheat,
and alfalfa goes deeper than clover;
but as the plant food is sought near
the surface the object should be to
have the moisture there, so as to aid
the plants to procure soluble food.
* How oils Procure M1oisture.--' l,
relations of air and water to the soil
may be better understood by some
easily made experiments, which any-
one can undertake. If a pot. pail or
any suitable vessel is filled with a cer.
tain weight (say 100 pounds) of per-
fectly dry soil (dried in an oven), the
heat. of course. changes the soil mois-
ture into vapor and drives it off into
the air. If this dry soil Is weighed
several days later It will be found a
few pounds heavier, the Increase being
due to water absorbed from the air
by the soil. just as happens with quick-
lime or salt. If the room is closed, and
the water boiled on the stove until the
room is filled with vapor. the soil in
the pot will again increase in weight.
This is called the hygroscopic moisture
of the soil. deriving its name from
having come front a vaporous condi-
tion in the air, where its amount can
only be measured by means of an in-
strument known as a hygroscope. This
.hygrocople moisture enters into the
very fibre of the soil particles, rather
than attaching itself merely to their
surfaces, as does capillary moisture.
If a fine spray is thrown on the soil
in the pot the tiny drons will be eag-
erly seized by the small articles of
soll, for while the soil can not gather
and condense more of the vapor of wa.
ter from tlae air and associate it with
its own particles it at once shows a
strong attraction for water in the liq-
uid form. The water and the surface
articles seem to desire tlhe closest
touch with each other. and as water
is a mobile fluid it spreads out in thin
layers over the surface of the minute
soil particles, enters into the -nores
within the particles, and fills the capil-
lary spaces between them.
Excess of Moisture.-As rains fall
the moisture goes fown. and when an
excess of moisture exists (which hap-
pens only after the soil is saturated
and all the spaces between the Dartl-
cles are filed) crops can not thrive, be-
cause the solution of plant food would
he too dilute. As the water fills the
soil the air is driven out. and con.
tinned rains will cause the excess of
water to stand on the surface if it can
not flow off. The soil will dry slowly
unless there is an outlet below. evap-
oration of the moisture creating cold
and destroying the plants. When the
soil has been tilled or has some kind
of drainage, the excess of water goes
down and the air follows, carrying
warmth, while the soil will retain suf-
ficient moisture for the crop. though a
large proportion of this soil moisture
will be lost if not conserved by judici-
ous cultivation. As the water leaves the
earth at the surface that lower down
comes up, through capillary attraction,
but a large proportion of the lower wa-
ter is arrested by the plant roots before
it can pass up. and is then utilized by
plants. Organic matter in the soil in-
c-reases its water-holding capacity and
widens the range between drouth and
,excessive water supldy, either of which


TWO LITTLE BEAUTIES SAVED


FROM DEATH BY PERUNA.


MRS. H. H. OVERMAPIPS TWO LITTLE E GIUE .
"Enclosed find a picture of my two little girls who couldn't be without their
Perna. They have both had the measles since I last wrote to you, but even
through the sickness I gave them the Peruns.
We have used Peruna constantly lor te pmst two years with our
children and have received the most satisfactory results. We would
not be without it. The youngest one, Else, Is the one that had
bronchial trouble, and had it net been for your medicine she would
have chocked to death. It has done wonders for her. Posiively we
couldn't keep house without Peruna. Yours gratefully,
Mrs. H. H. Overrann,
286 Winslo Av e., Clainneti, 0."
Mr. L. G. Vandegriff Carrollton, Ga, I have had two physicians to treat her
writes: "I endorse your Peruna. I had and found no relief. After using two
a little girl affltited with catarrh and bottles of your Peruna she is sound and


is injurious to plant life. The water
held by the organic matter may be
useful to the bacterial life that for-
wards the decomposition of organic
substances in the soil, and as the de-
composition continues there may be a
gradual liberation of moisture. as the
organic substances are more and more
reduced. The water may also be use-
ful to growing crops. But moisture
alone will not forward crops. Warmth
is essential, and as the excess of water
is removed from below the soil becomes
warmer at thi- surface and the roots
go down as the water recedes. When
tile soil is loosened on the surface by
cultivation evaporation is prevented
anild the supply is continued over a lon-
ger period of time.-Philadelphia Re-
cord.
e
Orlando Pineapples.
Orlando. Fla.. advices of October 28.
say: "It Is roughly estimated that
there are seventy-five acres planted in
pineapples and under sheds in and
around Orlando. besides a vacant area
under sheds which will aggregate fit-
ty acres. The capital invested in the
industry approximates half a million
dollars and the income is immense.
"TlIe wineries are now fruiting and
the crop will be ready for shipping by
winter. It is estimated that during
tile winter and spring over $100,000
worth of fruit will be shipped by the
Orlando pineapple growers, while the
income from the sale of plants will
approximate nearly a quarter of a mil-
lion dollars. It is absolutely protected


against cold weather and the crop is
sure every yerar."-Fruit Trade Jour.
nal.

Common Sense in Forestry.
From Senator Taliaferro we have re-
ceived a Report on Forestry in Swe-
den. by (Gen. C. C. Andrews. publish-
ed by the (Government. which contains
a great amount of practical informa-
tion that Floridians may well heed.
The Government of Sweden makes a
net profit of $1.,l0.7T-7 a year on the
public forests, which are very system.
mtatically managed. The method
adopted in most of these forests is
regulated thinning, that is, chopping
out. every year. the trees which may
be considered to have reached maturi-
ty.
The propagation is left largely to na.
ture. by voluntary seeding. 'The idea
seems to prevail that. if man manages
the propogation. he is liable to plant
seeds of inferior, dwarfed or crooked
trees: and by his care he will raise the
weaklings, only to find out after sever-
al years that they are not worth rais-
ing. But if all the seeds are left to
come up together in the forest, the
weaker seedlings perish in the competi-
tion, while the stronger survive. But
the foresters interfere with nature to
some extent by chopping out the in.
ferior trees. leaving the better ones to
to perfect seed. The ground is hoed
and loosened up so that the seeds may
readily germinate.
Where the young seedlings are not


well. I am now giving it to my othM
children."
Mr.Joseph Kirchensteiner,87 Croton
street, Cleveland, 0, says: "We have
used Perunn for eight years as our fainm-
fly medicine. During the whole of that
time we have not had to employ a phy-
adoan.
Our famly consists of seven, and
we also se it for the thousand and
one ailments to which mankind is liable.
We have used it in casesof scarletfever,
measles and diphtheria. Whenever one
of the family feelsin the leastill, mother
always says: 'Take Peruna and you
will be well,' or if we do not happen to
have any, 'We will have to get more
Perans.' Peruna is always satisfactory
in colds and coughs."
Children are especially liable to acute
catarrh. Indeed, most of the affections
of childhood are catarrh. All forms of
sore throat, quinsy, croup, hoarseness,
andlaryngitis are but different phases
of catarrh.
These affections, in the acute
form, may pass away without treat-
ment, but they leave a foundation
for chronic catarrh in later years. Even
a slight cold is acute catarrh, and ren-
ders the mucous membrane of the head
and throat more liable to chronic ca-
tarrh afterwards. The child is con-
stantly sailed winterand summer,with
catarrh.
Affections of the stomach and bowels,
colic and diarrhea, are due to sc-
tarrhal derarAgements of these organs.
A great many families are learning by
bitter experience that these affections
must be promptly treated or the child's
health is permanently injured.
Peruna is the remedy. No family
should be without it. As soon as the
symptoms of cold, cough or any other
affection of the throat or stomach is
noticed, Peruna should be given accord-
ing to directions. A vast multitude of
families are relying entirely upon Pe-
runs for safety in this direction.
There are no substitutes. Peruna is
the only systemic catarrh remedy
known to the medical profession.
That Peruna can be relied upon is evi-
denced by the great number of testi-
monialb which Dr. Hartman is receiving
daily. Only a very few of these can be
published. Only one in a thousand.
Every household should Im provided
with Dr. Hartman's free book on ca-
tarrh; also "Facts and Faces," a book e,
testimonials concerning Peruna sen-
free by The Peruna Medicine Co, Co-
lumbus, 0.


thick enough on the ground, some for-
esters sow seed. others transplant
trees from places where they are too
thick. The transplanting system is
considered ewst for tle pine. spruce
and birch, but seeding, on the whole.
is more counmon. On :a plot of about
twelve square feet tent seeds are sown.
When not sown in a nursery, they are
s1own on tile north side of or near
stumps, stones or other objects that
give shade and protection from the
browsing of cattle.
Continual thinning protects the fer-
tility of the soil better than the sys-
tem of tract-cutting, for thinning main-
tains an equal and constmit covering.
while tract-cutting lays bare a whole
region at once, leaving the sun to burn
out its fertility. The forests are raised
by propagatio n in groups by cutting
the larger ones on the borders, to ex-
tend until they at length join each
other. Each group will consequently
have the highest and largest trees in
the center, and the trees will decrease
in age and size toward the edges of
the groups. This amphitheater order,
grading the trees in height, gives each
one some light front the side as well
as the top. Insects do not attack trees
thus graded off as much as they do
those which are thickly crowded and
shaded and of a uniform height.
One method of preventing the spread
of forest fires is the planting of belts
of deciduous trees through the conifer-
ous or evergreen forests. These check
the progress of conflagration.- Florida
Farmer and Fruit Grower.


685










;ts THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


fBTIUZESE DEPARTMENT.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.

Nitrate of Soda 'rom Chili.
(Translated from I.e londe Illuistre.)
As thle visitor enters the interior p: s-
sage-way of the Exposition. which runs
along the tGalerie lde.s M.1;lille Nkle of the Avenllle 4le la Moltte-Iic-
sluet. Ills attention is attracted by a pa
villloil allotted to the exhibit of co-ll
inereial fertilizers. A large part of this
avilioni is devoted to the exhibit of
tile Pernmanent Nitrate Colnlnittee of
Chilian Nitrate of Stoda. When otne
has gone inside of the ilnlmense hall
of this exhibit he is at once struck
with the purely theoretical, scientific
and above all. instructive character
of the objects ion exhibition. The pic-
tures. charts. vegetables, minerals and
various documents offered to the inl-
spection of visitors testify to the fact
that the Permanent Nitrate (Coln-
mittee does not .occupy itself >,
alone with commereiall opera-
tiolns. but that its aim is to
make .known the valuable qual-
ities of nitrate of sod;i. which is
one of the most powerfull cheim-
teal fertilizers used in intensive
culture.
Since tie wonderful discovery
of Georges Ville. great things
have been accomplished andtl
the employment of cheniical
fertilizers has become general
throughout the entire world.
Three elements combine in fornm-
ing a complete 1frrtilizer amid
each part is iore or less useful.
according to the nature of the
crop. These three elements are
pihosphorie acid (ill tile forill of
super-phosphates of limte). pot-
ash. and nitrogen. plarticu!-irly
in the form of nirr:tles, or Ili-
trate of soda. The last luined
chemical is considered the Imost
important, la well for llma ket
garden plants ald i] grill ;is for
villeyttrds.
Almost all nitrate of stods
omles from Clhili. where iln-
mense deposits of tle preciou.
mineral are found. The nitrate
is found in an arid zone of ('hil-
inn territory lying Itetweei tile
Andes lnd llacitic Ocean. This
region is comllletely denuedtl of
vegetation, anld of frightful
aridity. and sometimes several
years elapse without ai fall of
rain to mnoistlen tlie soil. This
explains why this r:lw nitrate.
called 'cliche." hli: been :able
to exist for centulltres. close to
the sorfaee of tlte eIarth. The
"caliche" extends itself to tlhe
surface soil. covered oiily biy a
lied of sand iand colnlnon salt.
in a strantified saliferous Illl v-
int. which gives to tle country
the denuded lspliect of a lihrren
region envelopnedl ill I imold of
snow. The raw nitrate varies
il thickness from several ilhilllli
lengths to 14 feet. and is cover-
ed by a 1de1posit attaining per-
hlsm tile deptll of 12 feet. The
formatioll of tlese beds of ni-
trate is attributed to tle decoin-
position and gradual nitrifina-
tion of antediluvian vegetable
and all animal matter, cast inll
by the sea and left there by ithe re-
treatiug waters of the floods.
Tile quality of the caliche is very dif-
ferent according to tile deptl of tlhe
Ieds which are explored. The average
richness of the raw material which has
leen worked is: For the best quality.
from 40 to 3 lwer cent. of nitrate (if
soda, and upward. For the ntediulln
quality from 30 to 41 lier cent. For
the inferior quality. from 17 to :i0 per
cent. Most of the earthy impurities
which lire contained in caliiche are in-
soluble inl water, such as tliet debris ol
rocks. silmd aind clay. It alsot contains
in variable quantities 11il to 64( pet
cent.) of sotliium--e'ooking salt-follow.
ed in order by polissiuml. sulphate ol
sodiutl. sulphate of line. llagilesii
salts. nitrate of Ipotassium, a little io.


dide of potassium and sometimes salts reached the figure of 1,030,110, and at The Erninent Kidney
of boric acid. last in 1814) that of 1.380,000. An- and Bladder S

ei specialist.


The lProvince of Taraipanca is tlie cen- l e. .loll iy the principal ,-
ter of operations of these nmilles of ni- terve tldevelolxd itll the privscip al
trate of soda. Among ile(- richest are states trading with Chili. and gives. as
Irate of sodal. Ailnonig tile" richest ale-
those of Anlof:lgasta alnd those of At- a-tulllil. 1.ortation. for l.e4.M tons for
(ter tiany. 26;1.l)(Mt. for Fratice. 1-55454,4JM).
:l''illni. T'fie t Ie'lliolent is sillln de: The frll' ilth Unliter States. 153. 7TO for Bel-
lo~iliihg uif the clcllu'liO is done under the iutll. 1-.5,870 for England. 81.83( for
-lear sky lby opening trenchlies; wagons liolland and so forth.
or artl.s Iranllslpot it to the factory it is ia llt riolls fIlct that while tie
I iherq'i the mineral is crushed, then t
hrii o illto cldrons. where' the niltrae rel to ulti ated l ermany tie hardlyme
of soda is dissolved at a high tempera- qcrn to lrance thvoel to tue option o
lti-. Whei t sltiton trve at the pS in France, lhe tconsumlption of
lure. hen tlt, solution arrives at the itrate of soda ill Germany is almost
ilsi-il-1 Dohillt of oncetlltratioti it is
ildesred. to seiorate insoluble ip i-s donl de that of France. It is therefore
ie,-a.,!.1 to separate ie to lei ibmpurl- a lesson which it will be well to re-
lies aild to cry-stalize the liquid by cool- inelmber. .and which. proves that in the
ing aiid eva:strationl. matter of intensive agriculture, we are
The niitrate thus obtained is of great not as progressive as our powerful
purity. This is its composition: 95 per neighbor. The central showcase of the *l M wlvUer eI Swam- at Wwk tI
cent. nitrate of soda: 2 per cent. com- exhiit contains different specimens of 1s 1abwatiy.
molll ctnking salt: i6 per cent. of sul- nitrate of soda. such as those found in There is a disease prevailing in this
ihlates: 1 1er cent. of insoluble tmatt- connlllerce alnd numerous specimens of country most dangerous because so decep-
ter;: 2.: pe'r cent. of moisture. raw nitrate or caliche from which is tive. Many sudden deaths are caused by
The Pavilion of the Perimanent Ni- extracted the nitrate of soda. The viA- it-heart disease, pneumonia, heart failure
t1rae C (:Ilmmittee contains a whole ser- itor (-all see the blocks of the precious or apoplexy aeoften the result of kidney
disease. If kidney trouble is allowed to ad-
vance the kidney-poisoned blood will attack
Si the vital organs, or the kidneys themselves
break down and waste away cell by celL
Then the richness of the blood-the album
-leaks out and the sufferer has Bright's
"A Disease, the worst form of kidney trouble.
SDr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root the new di
S covey is the true specific for kidney, bladder
S and urinary troubles. It has cured thousand
of apparently hopeless cases, after all other
S efforts have failed. At druggistsn fifty-t
and dollar sizes A sample bottle sent free
by mail, also a book telling about Swamp-
Root and its wonderful cures. Address
Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton. N. Y. ad
Mention thi paper.

Sad ist:-tIltes to st1utly it. Andre Borle in
'The Iltral New-Yorker.

Used Three Hundred Tons a Yer.
KE 0. Painter & Co.. JacksonrilUe. Pe.
.Gentlemen:- I have used your ferti
Slider ever since you began making it
and have used from 200 to 300.tons of
it a year before the freeze of 1894 and
K189:5. Since then have used it right
along on orange trees and there are no
Sd better trees in the country than I have
to show. I also used your goods on
canteloulles and tomatoes and I am so
Swell pleased with results that I shall
S. plant from 20 to 40 acres of tomatoes
and 10 to 20 acres of canteloupes next
spring. That shows you what I think
of your goods. Yours truly,
Matt Zeigler.
Demand. Fla.. Sept. 26, 1900.

Sloan's Liniment for Poultry.
('Cures swelled head, frothing at the
mouth. canker and roup.
This disease called Roup is one of
the greatest drawbacks to poultry rais-
ers. It c'aln he cured by rubbing
Sloan's Lnimell t on the outside of the
throat and during the inflammatory
stage of tile disease, administering a
drop of the Liniment diluted in a little
water twice a day. This will open up
the throat and is anl excellent and sure
remedy. Dr. Earl S. Sloan.
Formerly of. St. Louis. Mo..
toston. MaIss.. l'. S. A.. See page 684
&
1'l.n tlthe arrival of the Seaboard
Air iine train No. 2. at Monticello re-
ctntly. a colored woman stepped from
tile coach to the platform with an in-
fant in her armsil. She fell. apparently
in a swoon. lbut never recovered con-
Ssciousness. Three other children were
itsn of documents which constitute a llinlleral in all colors-the variety in col- with her. It was stated that she was
mIlarvelous lesson. In the center of the oring being caused by foreign substan- the wife of Preston Williams, who is
vast h1all arises nI great pyramid form- -es nixed itn the nitrate. at work at Higdon. near West Farm.-
ed of -llicues. sliall ini size at the sum- Equally instructive are the great Times-l'nion and Citizen.
Illt. It ] with dilllensions rapidly in- Iltlnlers of pamnphlets showing the re- *
creasiln toward the Ihottomn of the pile. sultss of conelwtitions and of fields of TO THE DEAF.
These cubes represent the production demonstration which have been estab- A rich lady, cured of her deafness and
of nitrate of soda in Chili; here are the lishe l in 15 departments for the re- noises in the head by Dr. Nieholeon's
ligllres showing the production: ward of agriculturists which have ob- Articial Ear Drums, gave $1 to itls
IIn 100 nitrate was employed only in taillte4 the best results in the uses of Institute. so that deaf people unable to
chenlic'al industries, and the production mineral fertilizers. and especially of ni- procure the Ear Drums may have them
attalined ai volume of only 800 tons. in- trate of stoda. A portion of these pam- free. Address Is lc. The Nicholson In-
creasilng to 10.lip0 tons ini 1840. and 212,- Ihlets are published in foreign lan, statute. 790 Eighth Avenue. New York.
X0IN tolls ill 1n. I. In 18W6i it attained guages--English. German. Russian.
to 55.2414 -tons, then 1:17.287 tons inl Italian and Spanish. To conclude. the
1iST. andt 222,,5!, in 1880. It was at exhibit of niitrate of soda is sure to at-
this juncturetll that the applicationl of trlt-i aill those who are interested ill
nitrate of soda to agriculture was be- the illogres of our agriculture, aInd4
gull. :l1nh tile ulwa'rd leal ill the output of nIlnlieroui S landlords and farmers
is tremellllndous. The prodtuctionl ill 1 .90 who have already cole considerable








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 687

FLORAL DEPARTXENT. information or interest about one or The flowers at the present time be-
BY W. C. STEELE, more plants that would be new and, long almost all of them to the family "
SWITZERLAND. FLORIDA lprhaps. valuable to some of our read- of Compositae, which includes Asters, *
ers. DIo you realize that it is very self- Dahlias. Chrysanthemums and many
The Palm Orchid at Home. ish ill you to keep it entirely to your- other of our choicest flowering plants.
Under this title Mrs. Jennie Dicker- self when by sending it to the paper Most people, who were raised at the You can cough
son gives the following account of it might Ie of general interest? north, are familiar with "Boneset," a yourself into
'yroodnliuall pulintatuni. in the May- "')o unto others as you like to have bitter herb quite commonly used as a bronchitis,pneu-
flower. The plant seems to be quite then do to you." If you enjoy read- tonic by those wo believed in home monia, and con-
rare, as it is offered in only one cata- ing the experience of others. probably doctoring. sumption.
logue so far as we know: others might also enjoy reading about Soon after we came to this place we Bandaging
"O)ne of the rarest and Ilost Iwautiful yours. D)o not excuse yourself by say- were told that "Boneset" grew very and bundling
plants found here is the Palmn Orchid, ing that there will be enough without abundantly In this settlement. On Iln- your throat
which grows in ahlmost- inaccessible your notes. Eaic one may say the vestigation we found that the plant re- wil do
places. After Ihours of weary climbing ame, and tien we will b no better frred to was not the old-fashioned good.
over the roots of trees. often three to YoumItlitvgV
four feet from the wet marshy ground, off. I o not fear that there will be so "Boneset" of tie North, which is Eu- Your thr
we are rewarded by finding a few great a rush that yours will be crowd- patorium perfoliatum, but a nearly re. yo thot and
clumps of this grand flower. ed out. If original matter comes.lu so lated species. We have never tested lg rest a
Some are found growing in tile rot- fast that our regular three columns per its medicinal properties but no doubt wounds toheo .
fted wood of a fallen tree, and others t ea
In the stump of a tree--nature's flow- week will not hold it all, I have no a tea made front its leaves would le
er pot. Often an old dead tree whose doubt that the publishers will be very as bitter as the doses we used to dread There s no -
Stop has ween broken off by some tropi- glad to allow us a little more space, as when a boy. years ago in Indiana. ng so bad for a
cal storm, twenty or perhaps thirty send along your letters at once. coughascough-
feet front the ground, will lie crowned Jottings. in. Stop t by
with a cluup of these rare plants. The 'e neew tlhe*m ust now very much. Editor Floral Department. n
long straight bulbs are tipped with the At some seasons of the year clippings I have been busy getting my plants using
wavy, light green. Palm-like leaves, from the Northern floral papers and ready for winter. something we never
and long flower stems tossing in the n,:agazille mlay le adapted to Florida used to do in South Florida. but since
breeze great bouquets of exquisite lit- .lack Frost has decided to come here
tle flowers which are richly yellow spot- and he Ioth useful anl interesting. every winter, we. who would keep our
ted with chocolate brown. But at tills time of the year they are floral treasures. must house the tender
These pretty plants thrive inl any largely filled with descriptions of and varieties. and cover up many of those
window plants. 'rhe long gray bulbs The popular craze seems to be for
should not be covered with soil. only bulbs," Hyacinths. Tulips, etc., which Crotons. Ferns. Palms, etc. They are
the white roots. letting the base of the are nearly or quite worthless in Flor- all lovely. I know. but still "tis flowers le
bulb rest on the soil. The plants re- ida. dear. tis flowers," that I like the best. n t ouh of l
quire a season of rest, and when they I-- ---- I have fixed a box that I think will be Eve the cough f early
have made their season's growth the Native Plants. attractive later on. It is a Battle Axe consumption is cured.
long green Palln-like leaves ripen and For weeks the woods in this part of tobacco box. and I have a Torlenia- And, later on, when the
drop off; then withhold water for Florida have been brightened in places rooted from a cutting-in the centre; disease is firmly fixed,
awhile only giving a little when very s o s l s n each corner; panny plants YOU can bring rest and
while only givig a little he very with the tall spikes of several species at the centre of each side and a num- comfort in every case.
dry.
The new growth and flower stein of Llatris. They have been given in Ier of roots of Sweet Alyssnm scat- [ A 25 cent botle wilt
start from the base of the bulb. As some places the common name of tered around the spaces. This box can A 25 cent bottle will
soon as tlhe new growth starts set in "Blazing Star," in others they are easily be moved inside when we have cure new coughs and
a u place a give plenty of water lled "Button Snake-root" but where- a frosty night. My umbrellaa plant," colds; the 50 cent size is
til the are through looming and tton nake-rot but where- Cyperu alternifolius. is considered better for settled coughs
the leaves again turn yellow. IDo not ever found and whatever called they very handsome by all who see it. Many Of bronchitis and weak
repot until the pot is full of bulbs, and are sure to attract the attention of all of the leaves measure nineteen and lungs; the one dollar size
only while the plants are dormant. lovers of flowers. All but two or three one-half inches across. The soil I8 lun is orneconomical fr
The Palm Te lndow pOla id is as au of tiful for varieties have a tuberous root very are,. I think every one should have chronic cases and con-
a window plant as any of tlte Palmhs,
with the added beauty of its exquisite hard and woody. From this spring up several pots of Fresias. They are asi- sumption. It's the size
flowers, and should final a nlat-e in ev- one or more stems varying in height ly grown and very lovely for a table yOU Should keepon hand.
ery collection of window pllants." from two to four feet. ornianient when iln Iboolt. The "Night -. All fn' !i< ought to be on the
iPloolmilng J.assanlimne." estruill noc- watch for su.ldn attacks of croup
The upler half or more of the stalks Is hig sis tr s a or acute iungr oubi les. Fe rye
A New Oomer. is covered with purple flowers usually slhrul, for it oenlls iup after every ty rrr tor:alconstantl on hand
Tils week we have an interesting in close clusters. As they open grad- freeze and nmaket such a wonderful to provide against an enler, c"
letter from a new contributor. ually froln the top downward the growth with no care whatever. I am Dec 14. istN. H.lland. Mlb.
We call attention to tie fact. not for blooming season is a long one. trill to rase "Sweet Pteas." giving
themn the samite soil land treatmetit that
the sake of making any tomlparison The most showy variety in L. ele- we give our English peas: We always
with the writings of others. but solely gaps. It is easily distinguished from a fine crop of the last named, so I hope
as a text for a little talk to our read- all the others by the fact that scales for a lot of the lovely blossoms that for anlnunlizion he ran to his old place
S,, are so rare here. but so plentiful in all ""la g:llolwId ibak with the rest. When
e. of the involucre, that is, the green parts of the North. I should like very an otfier pushed hliii aside to have
The Florida Agriculturist has thous- sales surrounndling eacl head of florets Ichl to know if Iany of the Agriultur- another horse lut in. lie gazed at the
hands of readers. If only one ill ten of has long purple petals like tips, which ist readers have tried double Violets. "ew "oe with "a imost sorrowful ex-
themi is interested in thie floral depart- are very showy even after the flowers "an' thie result. I have never Ieen for- lr'ession it his eyes. Thieni he seemed
ment, even thn we must have several fade This variety is found on the ttnate enough to have any. but have to realize that tle Iattle was no more
tent, et he s l fe This variety en told they will not bloom in Flor- for him. and he walked away and lay
hundred readers. Yet how very few dry knolls in the flat woals and on ida. I think raiinig plants from seed down and" died. The officer declared
take any real interest in this depart- high dry ridges in the pine woods, is very Interesting. I plant every kind that it was a broken heart that killed
menit is shown by tile very little help The commonn "Vanilla" or "Deer- of a seel I can get and keep the date llim.-Our I unlltl Aninmals.
we get. We have had contributions tongue" so eagerly sought for its fra- of planting, transplanting, blooming, *
~from~ orly i feit ~rsos grt laves, mhc are in detd etc.. and I often think I would like to HOW'S THIS?
from only eighteen different lwrsons grant leaves, which are in demand to buy outa seed man and plant some of We offer One Hundred Dollars Re-
sinc e we gamn this work. over a year flavor tobacco. is also a Liatris. but everything. I must not forget to men- ward for any case of Catarrh that can-
ago. and several of those have only not a tulierous rooted one. Th is s tion my Marguerite Carnations. They not be cured by Halls Catarrh Cure.
written once. each. low inany dozen found along the banks of water courses grow slowly and do blom e f J Cheney & Co., Propr, Toledo,
sfor edrsIil- aid at (ifferent foitad ~imae. until ten or twelve months fo F.rJ. Cheney & Co., Proprm, Toledo,
of our readers have sad at different and around the margins of ponds. The planting. I had two plants in the open Ohio.
times, went reading something on our flowers of this variety are not scat- ground that began blooming early in We, the undersigned have known F.
page, "Why, I could do as well as that, tered upi ad down a tall stem, but the spring and they had quantities of J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and be-
myself." Inl fact, we have no doubt grow in a close, flat corymb or panicle. lovely double flowers until mid-aum lieve him perfectly honorable in all
tih III filt, we hae no oub grw Ii r pnice.met. They had been planted nine
that several of you have said, "I could There is another plant, very similar months when they frst bloomed. Lat business transactions and financially
do better than that."' Very likely, we in appearance to the last, found on May I planted more seeds and have a able to carry out any abllgations made
will not dispute your word. hut we dry ridges. and also along the margins bed of thrifty but small plants, that I by their firm.
have no evidence to support it. of swamps. The leaves are not fra- do not think will bloom till next spring. West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists.
Lucile has taken up with our propo- grant and the heads of flowers are lar. enIe ld like to hear of others experi Toledo, Ohio.
sition and written us a letter and an- ger. Anyone at all familiar with the Walding, Knnan & Marvin, Whole-
thorized us to publish it over a: non de different spelcies of I.iatris would at When it eomes to a battle, a horse sale Druggists, Toledo, Ohio.
plume. Of course in all cases letters once feel sure that this was another shows no fear of death no sign of be- Hall's Catarrh is taken internally.
must be signed with the real name of variety. In furct thie earlier botanist ing overcome by panic. in all the wi'd acting directly upon the blood and nmu-
uthe write. signed w teta real nme of variety. Ini fact. t earlier botanists tumult of the battle's roar. A horse cus surfaces of the system. Price 75c
the writer. but these Ilale are never clause it as a iatri. but later ones i one of our batteries in the Murfrees- per bottle. old by all druggists. Tea-
published without permission, dclded that it Ielonged to a separate boro tight was hit by a piece of shell. ote s
There is not one of you who takes but nearly allied genus called Carphe- which split his skull so that one side timonials free.
any interest in flowering or ornamen- lorus. The species we have been de as loosened. Th e driver turned hh Hall's Family Pills re te t
tal pnts who has not so tem of scribing is known as C. corybosus wof with being dien te tCa't you earn some or pi
tml plants whlto has not som.t. item of scribing is known as C. corymbosus. had worked with being driven back- Ca.-l' -ou earn some oi on- p-i^e?










;fls TTHE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FL BDA AGRICULTURIST.
a
Entered at the post-office at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.

E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.

Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.

Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.

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e cmanot promise to return rejected manu-
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Subscribers ,hen writing to have the address
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well as the new address.

WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 14. 1900.


'An Experiment St'tion. .
Every farm ought to be an experi-
ment station and the owner or tenant
should be the director. The size of the
farm is immaterial. it may he only
one or two acres devoted to trucking
for city markets. or a plantation of
hundreds of acres, growing all the var-
led crops suited to the soil and climate.
whichever it is. the cultivator should
not be content to stand still.
There are some who are .o far .e-
hind the times thlat they persist in
growing one or two crops exactly as
their grandfathers did. On the other
hand. others go to the opposite extreme
and take up with every new scheme
of which they hear without waiting to
find out whether it is practicable and
likely to prove profitable.
Market gardeners and truck farinerl'
near the large cities are very conserva-
tive and will not risk a cron by plant-
ing entirely some new variety no mat-
ter how highly retoimimnended it may
le. The progressive ones are always
testing every new variety of seed.'ev-
cry new conbiniation of fertilizers and
every new mnetlodl of planting and cul-
tivating their crops. liut only il a
small way until their value is proven.
This is the method that should ie fol-
lowed by every cultivator of the soil.
In every branch of the business. new
ideas, new methods, and new varie-
ties are being constantly brought for-
ward. It will not do to ignore them.
or you will be left hopelessly in the
rear. Therefore devote part of your
land to experiments. The time and
space will not be wasted. If you prove
by one or two years' trial that some
new variety of seeds or plants is not
adapted to your soil and location,
though said to be wonderfully produc-
tive elsewhere. you may have saved
yourself from heavy loss that would
have resulted fronl rushing blindly into
something because sAnlle (one else said
- that it succeeded with them.


Inl all such experiments everything
should lie done just the same as if
planting a large crop or a whole field.
No matter how small a plot you use.
do nothing any better than you would
do the work on. a large scale, other-
wise the experiment is worthless.
It is very important that a record be
kept of all dates and details of the
work. If more market gardeners and
farmers would make a practice of
keeping i diary of the dates when they
did various kinds of work. when they
gathered the first and the last of dif-
ferent crops. they would find it very
valuable for reference in the passing
y.ents..
V4,*t'5


How to Make the Farm Pay.
This is a very important question to
every tit e who is trying to make a liv-
ing lby tcultivating the soil. Those who
have cattle and "cow-nen" their land.
ort are able to buy plenty of collmner-
cial fertilizers. -ant usually raise good
crops. ut tlhe a;ittempt to realize .a
:iesl i profit fronl these crops often re
sults ill a dismal failure. This ought
not to lie tile case. That it is so, proves
ritat there is something wrong. The
aluse is not easy to discover and tlhe
remedy is very difficult to prescribe.
Wte publish elsewhere in this issue. a
clipping from a state exchange, entit-
ed. "A Fat Beef."
It is aln account of) what one mlan hast
done. If cassava atnd velvet beans do
well in one case. there is no reason
why they should not do as well inl
others.
It is a nimaximn with progressive farnm-
ers everywhere that it is much more
profitable to feed out crops on the-
faitlll than it is to sell In the raw state.
Thle cost of transportation is lessened.
But i feeding cattle it is not always
best to keen them until fully grown.
We know a man who sells all of his
imale ctalves by the time they are six
weeks old. for veal. They net himt
from $6 to $10. each. or nearly as much
t:s two and three year old steers from
the range will average. Another sends
considerable dressed pork every winter
to thel city market. at a profit. His
hogsi are common Florida stock. A
cross of some of the improved breeds.
Essex or Berkshire. or selected sows


other (.Ican do." It is certainly a very
Iprotitable way to tind aI market for cas-
sa\;a a;l ld velvet beans.
.1r. Win. Lyle showed us a lieef that
11i had fed for the market, a cow of
scmru, breed. but probably a little above
the average size. The average net
weight of a cow brought from the
w\oodsl for tile market. when round and
ill what is considered good condition.
is 2:.3 l, pounds. T'1hel cow fed by Mr.
Lyle. i; was agreed could not have
given more than "27O pounds of net
heef under the usual market conditions.
His wish was not only to prepare this
cow for the market, but to test the
fattening qualities of velvet beans and
cassava. The cow was fed four months
or 120 days on this food, with a little
cotton seed meal added. During the
first :'3 days but little more was ae-
complished than to educate the taste
of tlie cow so that she would eat her
food with relish. So that you might
say that the gain in weight was prae-
tically within tie last !)i days of the
Pexierilllent.
Wit i killed last Friday. the net
weight was 4.5i pounds of rich beef of
excellent flavor. The gain was 20.
pounds, nearly two pounds ]er day.
The gain to Mr. I.yle. according to tihe
;lculation of Mr. Allen who bought
her for his stall in the market, was
tlhe difference between the price on 445
:11d 12.0o pounds, with one cent per
pound added teecause of the quality of
the beef. Such beef. including the
hide was. worth $29).'i.6 The ordinary
cow. including the hide is worth $14.
32. Difference. $15.34.
Thle wlole matter of beef fattening
otn lomle made podlucts is i deuonstat-
edt to ls' easy and profitable by this
test. 'Tle markets of our cities need
not patroniz.e ltie slaughter pens of
('hiiago, nor could they do so, if rais-
erls would try to protect themselves by
bet er niethtils of competition. Every
acre of land in velvet beans. cassava,
alind other stock food will pay the far-
tier well. and at the same time make
it possible for tlhe cattle raiser to sup-
plye ithe markets with beef that has no
superior. ;aind at profits with which lhe
will not complain.
We hae no doubt we will hear of
niany more slclh experiments this fall
land winter. as velvet beans have been
largely planted this year for this pur-


Value of Angora Goats.
Angora goats have been tried to some
extent inl Florida. So far as we know,
the results have not been so favorable
rs we expected. Perhaps the follow-
ing from the American Agriculturist
mtay show why tile results were not all


of Florida stock. fed oil cassava and that was desired:
veveet leans from the start, would no Local conditions make a region fa-
v.oralle or unfavorable for raising An.
doult. prove more profitable. gora goats. viz., sufficient altitude and
The feeding of cassava to milch cows plenty of brush. The former means
;has proven to increase the flow of milk for the north from 500 feet up, for the
and render it much richer. so that a south front 100 feet up, and the higher
go, crop of cassava would ill many lhe better. especially If thoroughbreds
y :re kept. The market is on a boom
places prove a great help to the dairy and lieyond paying prices, and
business. sonie dealers want to double their mon
Another nman has found the keeping ey instead of lting satisfied with a
f h i orirrofit of -21 or 25 per cent. No female
of sh id very profitable sharing three pounds is worth more
business. by raising.laullh s ill the fall tlhn $5 by the carload. and perhaps
and selling the dressed carcasses to $11 to $ti..'Z1 il small numbers, delivered
the hotels during the winter. at the buyer's farm. No farmer will
Ktffir corn Is a good erop to grow: it eventually feel attisfied with a pair or
a trio. They aIre as much trouble as
f1l to chlickens they are fond of It and 44, to -A,. iand the bucks are very high
thrive well. The liens lay well and it does not pay to buy a valuable buck
tlhe chicks grow vigorously. Chickens foer' $.FO or $1't for a few does, and if
can lie iade profitable int Florida even vyoiu use ordinarily bred bucks, your
Sherd will run down.
if grain is bought for them, but by The pure-blood Angora of the olden
growing your feed.. you can "kill two times has for .~3 or 40 years been en-
birds with one stone." You utilize the tirely eliminated. The best Angoras
land to grow the crop and then put the we have to-day arte a cross between
that old Angora and the Kurd goat of
crop into shape to lw marketed easily Asia Minor. andt between that cross
and iirofltably. and the common milk goat In this coun-
a try and at the ('ipe of Good Hope.
Fat -Beef. Thie ewst of tile present Asia Minot
IUnder this title we find ill the Bar- goats. which we may call thorough-
to courierr h ant very inter- irelds. are lieavy shearilng animals.
tow Curirewes up ito thirteen pounds anid bucks
testing account of what one man has up to over eighteen pounds. Of these
done. "What one man has done, an- the Cape has some, the United States


none. and I doubt whether there are
more than A.54 females to-day in the
country deserving fairly the complL.
inent of being called thoroughbreds. I
pointtel out this fact as early as fif-
teen years ago. but my statements were
loubtedl in general, especially by breed-
ers who had only low-bred stock for
-ale at high figures. My views have
been confirlned by Mr. Schreiner. the
anutlior of the most valuable book on
the .\Agora goat. who says: "On sev-
eral occasions a number of Angoran
have been imported into the Cape col-
ony from the United States, in every
case disastrously for the American Im.
porter. The C(ne farmers would not
have them at any price, considering
them inferior and quite inadmissible
a< stud animals. The same fate met
even a small consignment of Mr. C.
P. Bailey's Chicago prize goats, which
lie had sent our in the hope of estab.
lishing a market for his rams. Five
rnms reached the Cape Colony
and could not find a purchaser. I
saw these goats, which at the request
of the Port Elizaleth agent. Mr. Ca-
wood was allowing to run on his farm.
The ('pe farmers were undoubtedly
wi-re in refusing to buy or even use
lie!D:."

Dogs.


'I'here are dogs and dogs. some good,
some bad :ani some indifferent. The
Garden and Farm publishes a letter
on tlhe subject which suggests some
ideas that deserve more than passing
thought.
Any one who can feed it without
robbing his family has a right to keep
a dog. but has he a right to allow it
to run at large. destroying and dam-
aging property? A bed of choice plants
that have been carefully watched and
eared for for months is as much "prop-
erty" as a worthless cur that may rain
it in a- very few moments:
There is an immense army of dogs
that is supported by the people of tilhe
United States. but the most of thesq
anitlals are under control and do not
interest us directly. There is a con
tinual discussion to determine the
rights and value of our country dogs.
The latter is an unknown Quantity
and should not ie a prominent factor.
Farm and Fireside says a man has a
legal right to keep a dog that appe!as
entirely worthless. The dog may seem
to its owner to pay its way in compan-
ionship. and so long as 'he owner
maintains him and keeps him upon
his own premises the value of the uni-
mal is not a matter concerning which
the public has any right to Interest
itself: it is a private matter entirely.
The economist may discuss the re-
sults of feeding an army of animals
that do not earn their feed. but the
individual has a right to provide for
his enjoyment. luxuries that he is able
to pay for. The question should be
about the control of the dogs. not
about their value. Each individual
may decide for himself whether he
wants to labor to maintain a dog or
not. and whether his dog pays for
his board and care in work or affee-
tion. lbut the public has a right to de-
mand that the dog have no greater
degree of freedom on the highway or
on a neighbor's land than any other
kind of live stock belonging to the dog's
owner.
The question is wholly one of re.
straint. The owner of a dog should be
required to see to it that his dog has
absolutely no chance to bite a child or
run sheep that are not on his owner's
lapd. That means the same constant
control that is exercised over all other
farm stock. It the dog is vicious, of
course, there should be even closer re
straint but in no ease has a dog a right
to freedom on property that does not
belong to his owner. If a man per-
mits this there should be law officers
and public sentiment to correct abuse
of the public rights. as there is In thl-
case of stock. rThe owners of beautiful
homesteads u-nouplaini of many peopl-
taking dogs with them when they make
aI call. If there is anything I hate It in
to see a neighbor coming in with a










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. ss


great gang of dogs at his heels. The
creatures are at once a nuisance, run-
ning everywhere, dashing into flower
bedlr. andl smashing something that I
have worked over all summer. Dog
visiting is :n outrage. I would as soon
or rather. one would bring a loose cow
or something of that kind if possible.
I get the dog promptly shut up. If not
the visit of Iboth man and beast is
shortened its much as I am able to
bring about. and I an generally able
to do it. This sl not a matter of light
Import. however It may seeim to the
man who owns the dog.
Persons who are not sensitive
enough' to comprehend this deserve to
be treated with very. little consider.
tion. I don't have any use for a dog
and don't like them to be about
ile. This world is filled up with too
many no aer-ount things. If people
want to keep dogs. let them keel) them
Up and not allow them ot run at large.
That is all I have to say aliout dogs.
(Note-The above is published with
lie full approval of (Garden and Farm.
The place for a dlog is at lihome, and
a dog that is allowed to run at liberty
all over the neighborhood is a nut-
sance that should be abated with a
shotgun. We have a dog that we value
highly, lint we always know where it
is and the dog knows where it 1e
longs. The stray dog should be shot.-
Editor.)
After making the above note, the edi-
tor oi another page takes up the sub.
ject again as follows:
In another place we publish a com-
Iutnication on dogs which in the nutin,
meets our views. We believe the aver-
age dog is a nuisance, but we also be-
lieve there are a good many dogs that
earn all they cost and are of great
value to their owners. Of all breeds
of dogs. the Collie is the one best
adapted to the farm. He soon learnln
to know where the stock belongs and
knows when it gets into mischief. ana
will tell his owner at once that some-
tifing is going wrong. A well-bred
Collie is a very Intelligent animal and
will protect his owner or his family
at the expense of his life itself, if ne-
cessary. No woman need be afraid to
stay alone inl a farm house if she has a
Collie for a companion and the chil-
dren of the family are perfectly safe
If .guarded by one of these noble dogs.
We have owned a good many Collies
and we have yet to own the first one
that had not such a keen intelligence
that we were almost ready to believe
he could reason from cause to
effect a good many times. The
average cur, Ill-fed, uncared for
and a free lance, wandering
all over the neighborhood, a menace
to the flock and a thief by instinct, we
haven't any use for, but a well-bred
Collie or St. Bernard is well worth all
he costs.
e *
OUR GREATIET SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and stricture without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
eases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital force., Nevous Disorders, Kid.
ny and Urinary Comsphints, Paraly-
si, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
e equally successful Dr. Hath-
away'a practice is more than double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
elas, rapidly yield to his treatment.
Write him to-day fully about your ease.
He makes no charge for consultation
or advice, either at his office or by
mall. J. Newton Hathaway, M. P. 25
Bryan Street. Savannah. oa.
a
READ THIS.
There is a Sanitarium in Belleview,
Fla., whose specialty Is the treatment
of cancer, piles and all rectal diseases
without the use of the knife. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mail. Ad-
dress,
BELLEVIEW SANITARIUM.
Belleview, Fla.


AGENTS WANTED.


We would like to secure an
agent in every town and ham-
let in Florida. Write at once.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist,
Jacksonville, Fla.


CONSIG- ORANGES TO



PORTER BROS. CO.,

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.

FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.

CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $25o,ooo.oo.


CHEAP COLUMN CHCAGO. NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLS. ST. PAUL.


RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, S cents; three weeks 50 cents.
WRITE-to J. D. BELL, St. Petersburg, Fla.
for pineapple plants. 41x1
ORANGE WRAPS-For sale cheap. Write
to JULIUS SMITH. BUSTIS, Pla. 45X50
M'NEAL PEAS-lSelected seed corn. Sample
two cents. W. H. AN. Mannville Fla.

SALT SICK cared for one dollar or money
refunded. W. H. MANN, Manuville. Fla.
10-31-1901
FOR SALE--Nury-All Grape-fruit Stock.
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box Fi Orlando, Fla. Mt
CASSAVA SBBD FOR SALE-PurEhaser
may bid on them standing in 10-acre feld.
C . SPROUL, Glenwood, Pla. 4stf
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne. Abaka and Enville City. JAS.
MOT., Fort Myers, Fla. tf
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St Petersburg,
Florida. 40Sl
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mai postpaid
for 5 cents pr dozen. Good id plants
ready now. S. PRESTON, Auburndale,
Fla. 5ttf
ORANGE TREES-We have now ready for
delivery, large one and two years buds on
rough lemon. WINTER HAVEN NUR-
SERIES.
FOR ALB-PFreah camphor seed from an
even year old tree, eighty four inches in
diameter CYRUS '. BUTLBB St.
Petersburg. Pla. 44,46
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting varieties of 2 and 3 yar citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 1tt
FOR SALE-4l5 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address, P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
Land, Fla.
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. Al standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
ORANGE, POMELO AND LEMON TREES
-on sour or trifoliata stocks, for summer and
fall shipment. Large assortment fine trees.
Write for prices. GLEN ST. MARY NUR-
SERIES, G. L. Taber, Proprietor, Glen St
Mary, Fla. 3itf


WANTED--In middle or southern Florida,
partly improved small place containing
residence, on easy terms and low price.
We have 100.000 choicest pecan trees known
at low price. Address E PLUS ULTBA
FAP MS AND NURSEIBS. Pecan. Bladen
county. N. C.


PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE acksonville is for r-
11e1%F cciving consignments of or-
angos from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
POR I'ER BR' -:. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enah'es the management to select the most desirable markets.

NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.

0 .0 EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES should go
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO.. CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencils, Market Quta-
tions, and General Instructions for shipping Florida products supplied from the Jacksoavile office.

SPRAY PUMPS.

SMyers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank........ 12 00
Myers" Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
1 Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
Barrel Spray Pump, com-
plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................ 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc............... 20.70
SMyers' California Favorite,
complete 28.00
Insecticides: Lime. Sulphate of Op-
per (Bluestone)., Sulphur. etc.
Pine and Baus Or BOZes,
Shaved Birch Hoops, ;= gro
Mixed Haoops, r amu ad Coolnd
SOrune Wraps, Coat ouatd Box
mals, Plaeapple, Beau, Caltalmupe
Cabbage and other orates Tomato
ca rrOun, Lettauce Bask, itc..
Imprliplow and Oultvastmrs. st.
Catalogue and price late o appli-
cation.
E. BEAN.
Jacksonville. Fla.
Room Is Robinson Bldg.

We have a full supply of
all the best varieties of Or-
=1--' 5anges. Pomelos, Kumquats,
Setc., and shall be glad to
S_ show them to prospective
planters. Can show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.

GLEN ST.MARY NURSERIES,
O. L. TABER, Proprietor,


Glen St. Mary,


Florida.


BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gill;ett, L |UI| || 1R I-- P L L '"'" I"'
Prop. Tam IFa.. 40.000 Orange. Lemon. Ui f e Fn IK EE_2 S h
and Grapeft trees. Large proportion Pine W-- HATWEMEAN
apple, Tan gee and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
miqrons. No white fy. Correspondence so- If you will send us one new subscriber to the FLORIDA AG-
OR SALE-Gape fruit and Orange RICULTURIST at $2 per year you can send for
Largest and most complete stock in the state. the catalogue of
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Be'st. NTTTertoA.dressTHE GLEN ST. MARY NURSRITFS,
GRIFFIN BROTItERS Company. Jack. G E .
sonville, Fla. 41tf And select $1 50 worth of fruit trees, shrubbery or ornamental plants at list price.
WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees and they will be packed and put f. o. b cars at Glen St. Mary with
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges. ir. Tabor's guarantee. Address
Grape Fruit, Peaches. Persimmons. Plums,
Pear. Grahed and Budded Pecans, Cam- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonvie, Forida.


logue free. Address, THE GRTFFING
BROTHERS Company. Jacksonville, Fla.
41ti
ORANGE WRAPS AND BOX BBADS FOB
SALB-I have 80 reamn 11X11, 54 reams
9X9, 340 reams 10X10 manila orange
wraps which I will sell at a bargain. Also
4,000 orange box heads and 4.000 halfbox
head at a price cheaper than the lumber
thboards. Interested write me. W.
('. PAINTER DeLand, PIa.
WANTED--CAPRAVA-The Planters' Manu-
facturing Co Lake Mary. Fla., will be glad
tocorrespond with all persona wishing to
sell CASSAVA this fall either for cash or
In exchange for CASSAVA FEED. Icarly
arrangements will be of value to
rowers and WB PAY THB FREIGHT. F.
o. PERKINS, President. 40x5


S- - --_ ---- I
TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.

ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
FOLIATA.
Camphor, Vanilla, Palm, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
RUITLAND NURSERIES. P. J. BERCKMANS CO, A.usts Ga.
###toEstadblhed t 856###d


- ILI cC~J I rrn


=










690 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


OWIDE


Makes the food more delicious and wholesome
mOYAL Be PDOW ER CO., NEW YOmI,


HOUSEHOLD DEPLABT3IEM T. at lilte same tiulme. but one mtlust often
All communications or enquiries for this de- practii'e both ecollolly lind ingenuity
apartment should be addressed to to :i.ieo'illi ilh this result.
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. *
Household Dept. Jacksonville. Passing Away.
llThe Ilanguidl and delicate woman
Popular Fancies. whose sensitive nerves were always
oon edge has gone entirely out of fahll-
Brown promises to Iw very popular ilo, an:1 tthe unfortunate ones whlo an-
this coming season, ilt as it is a color swer to that descriptions now are so
that is very trying to most figures and i'e.'ase they can not help it.
iomplexions it should tle used ith A generation or two further loi will
utiolillt them. let us hope. ain extinct spe-
cautionll. (ies.
Crepe pialer hats are much worn by Andl what has woioghlt this change?
young girls. They are made with nmob Wlhat alehem'ist has been at work,
crowns, the brimn composed of several clanging tie nluddy hue of ill health
to thle clear pinkk and white. red and
rows of box plaits. one covering the brown of wholesome skins?
other. and it is then trimnued with a What miracle has lengthened the
large low of the paper placed at the statue. straiglitened the shoulders.
front of the hat. rounded the busts and limbs of our
erstwhile round-shouldered and at-
Tie hair is still arranged with pom- tenuated young women? What hat
padour effect in fluffy waves at the changed the lustless and half shut eye
front, sides and back. and drawn up for one that brightens or grows tender
into twists. loops, knots. or figure with the softest liquid of beauty, as it
reflects the live soul and enlotions
eights, at the crown of the head. IAsose within?'
hairs are confined by side coibs and My answer is in awakening to ilt
clasps. Black velvet bows. gauze importance of outdoor life and l conlse
butterflies, plain and jeweled tortoise ql'ent inpllloving of every opportunity
shlll ..olll.A 1. re ver r al"ir. th)o live. ove ad have their being ll


S


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41

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..... ...... .. ..., -,...... he closest relationsl|p \) ith Mother
ornaments. Nt!tnre.
Flat trinlmings still continue to Ie ILife takes lon new imeaninig when a
more fashionable than iany other. andl wNllln ellilbra*-es tile religion of out of
ii oor.s. It works an entire lihange ill
biraid. bias folds id ain folds. Lice iln- lier miller f living. If not. she is no
sertion or braiding is seen on all the t iiue co.nvert. )her conversion is not even I
new gowns. The braid is ill vllried skin delIe. and slie soos backslides into I
widths. and a good effect is arrived her previous condition of servitude.- :
at by using two or Ilmore different
widths together. The soutache and Grape Juice.
military braids make nI good conmbina- Se'lect -choice. sound 'Concordl grades.
tion arranged so that a gllimpse of the If yoi in3 then it' none that are
blroken or iiimol. 'ick from tlie stemUs.
material shows between. )On the serge wash pli;et. ill a cdlander for the dirty
gowns the black braids aire used ex- wat'ler to drain off. tlien place ill a
elusively. but on thle smlloothl clotlls all white enlm:eled preserving kettle. To
colors are liermlissibl-e. Ex. elh teln pounds or six lquarts of the
stennlllled glraells add (tile (ll-iirt of ctld
* -- w-ter. I'l;ace over tlie fire and loil
Saving. hard for ten minutes. or until the pulpI
"Save a tlilng sevel years ail' you 1i 1 thoroughly .cooked and broken.
will have a use for it." but most of uIs l*tly tir with a Woden )oll. Re-
ian fid i Uase for it very nm ll sonter move flron i fli tiire id exioress tile
than that. We have often destroyed jiuie tlnrollgli ;1 cheesecloth hbag. Re-
or given away things that wIould have hi"'e o ier til flre. .hl ti :n v ery scaut
Irci f jIinlt tit r -nnunitted sugir to each
Ieen( of use to luse on the following diay. erI;llit of jii-tl. Iteuito\e all y sulll that
I have known very pretty costulles to :Irises. \Wlhen tile Isgalr is dissolved.
lie develolwed frol dresses that had .iad tlihe liquid has reached the IMiling
been out of style and use. sotileti me.. illt, sia iii hi lgll a cheesecloth ori
for years. but a elly bdIg. Ite leee over lthe tire to
fr es keep it very hot while lsottlill.. Bot-
served. ThIese old dresses w ere of nice ti '. colrk. ;llln se.il. Use lhottlies that
Material and (Ioly lneedled tnill. Iiav( beelln tholroughly cleanllsed willi
ing and slollging. :111 looked w''tll'l" s Ioti aIs n' ill Ihe Ifely used.
almost n hen m,.. I'They should he filled while wairn. To
illllost IW vhleI 11ade u-. prevent tlien front Ibreaking while fill-
The larger selrps froiii otler! ilIg. pl.ice inl tlietIl Ii lean wire io stif-
garmlents will often develop into livcieiit le ngtl to extendtl into Ilie fllnnll.
nice little dresse's :inl waists for t1li Il" uin." fllit '1 I ;llior bottles.1 Iliirge'
smaller ienibiers of tlie household. I! siool i, s bette tI:" a wire. lii i1o
Us1e' ;1i1 iroll sliioll. Ilo not allew grapli-
is sonletilies possible. ill this wa. to .nliti 1, I r.iiiiii ill I ill ves'p.,. t llo e nlin-
dress the childtre at very little' cost if r I '. If h11e hot juice is straiiled into
there are nlany remnants. i 'I rock. ilie ero-k should be previously.
i touiiiglv Av1-"irlled tor Iii herafely
%*ry often skirts become too m ueli trvI I m;erately
ei ]eated to !l'evenllt breaking. Keep ill
soiled br worn for wear. but are 'too I -ool !al,.e. t 'rhilo S. Ikil worth ill
gold to le thrown away. These eould iPractit -al '-iriner.
hIo ripi'd ;ilap:rt. s)ponged. :n1d i4used ill *
the manufacture of other garments i Crcoa Oaramels.
ithe nlfletue nof otierft r rl'lnn I'"~t into il sall-r.al n over moIllder:te
with often the 1most satisfactory r'e- ii.e iw, (.tllrfulls of molasses and one
sults. We have utilized skirts in this (.cupful of sugar. with Iuitter tle size of
way to make over into waists and have half a:1 egg. I'ut three tablespoonfuls
found the waists very serviceable and of 'tco. alnd one tu lesponrfl of cr ni,
siarchi into a cup1. :indi grdilally mix
pretty. There are many ways of milk- il 'illh olne-ltallf uplful ofr sweet mnilk.
ing both ends meet and dressing neatly stirring until it is sioothlly mllixed.


tir the mixture ill slowly with the
oitents of tile saucepan. then stir it
rhile boiling until a bit of it dropped
in a buttered till will harden like thick
vax. Boil a minute longer (no more,,
alid lhen pour out in ia large buttered
ill. Set it in ia tool place, and when
early cold cross it off with a buttered
i ife. so that it will break in squares
lhen quite cold. Keep iln t cool place
if you c'an keep themn. If time is
lentiful it Imay instead be worked into
itle cubes and wrapped in squares ot
muttered tissue-palper when just cool
enough to handle.-P. W. II.. il Farm
mil Fireside.

Weddings in China.
The llarriage of tle upller classes inl
'hina is surrounded by a number of
cery elaborate ceremonies, though
hose of hunmbler station content them-
ihe London BExpress.
Among tlte classes sulpolsed to Ie
letter off a great feast is one of the
nost inllmrtant items of the day's pro-
eedings. This. which answers to the
wedding breakfast, is spread on tables
it the east and west of the dining hall.
-Iut. curiously enough. neither bride
lor bridegroom are permitted to taste
of tlhe delicacies thereon displayed. In-
stead. a meal for the "happy man" is
spread in the courtyard. Before the
'erenoony he makes olweisance to his
father :and the wedding guests, kneel-
ng down and knocking his head six
imes against tlie ground. The father
lanuil him a goblet of wine and tells
limn to send for his bride.
The formula in the bidding never al-
ers. It is in tile following words: "Go,
iry son. and seek your wife. and tie-
lave in all things with prudence and
ivisdoi." The sedan chair. or palan-
luin which is dispatched for the re-
ception of tle bride, is invariably
Iainited red. and is often richly adorn.
ed with paintings and servings. A
iirofusion of gliding is always one of
its almost c-har:cteristic features.' A
ari plroessiolln, including ai hand of
iiiIs e. is always sent as escort to the
iluslhing bride. ;lay lanterns and ban.
Iers. tol'ihes. Illlrellas anid fans are
alwayss carriild inl the procession, not
to mention various emblems appropri-
ii lte thilt on--:laion. Thus a tiny orange
free. well loaded with golden fruit. is
t:iken along ll s a synmlol of a large
family. A goose a:d a gander are enm-
bleumatic of conjugal fidelity. while a
dolphin i means worldly prosperity and
1 Ilighli position. The color of all tihe
Ilralplieriinalia is red-thle line of re-
joi-inglm. 1Iedi fans. 'red latnt'erns,. red
umbrellas, together with the rItl-
|i:.ntEl'l palaqll in and tle 1eild cos.
t111lles of tlht attetndtiants. make a
right spllasl of color. And will the
iiiI ,siianlls bhlowing anld thulinlillg their
11:iiltrst. gongs beating, torches slilll
storing anld tlrl'ing and lanterns glelni
imig. :1 Chinese wedding pro'-ession atip
'ieals Inowerfully alike to eye iand ear.
It is etiquette for everybody to nilakt
way for tlie cortege. and Chila's 1'enal
cioe Iro\vides a severe pullishlilent for
lanybodly neglecting too (1 so.
Before tlhe bride sets forth on her
journey to her llnew alode, whither site
is bidden by a few lilies written on
reld paper and presented by tlihe friend
of tlhe bridegroom-uansweri'ng. t the
Engl ish "lbest m lan"-- sihe does kow-
ft,i to lher father iand mother. drinks
:i last cup of wine. and. kneeling. list
lens to larangll es from her parents on
tile new state of lift into which she is
now entering ;alld her duties therein.
T'hes'e oratiolls. ill Ilte best styles of
Chinllese eloquence, o.-upy sonmile time:
iieaniiwlihile the I>oor little bride ion her
kllees listens with w-lnat lpatiellce she
lay comill mandi. Ere stepping into the
I pluaiquin slie veils herself ill silk ot
tlhe ortll(odox shade of red. then the re-
turn profession starts.
.rlrived at tile house a curious cere-
illnoy takes place. the bride ieing pre-
sented with a tray conltalinig rice land
betel nuts. She must prostrate herself
at tlie fee: of hler future husband, to
dellote her compllllete submission to his
will. Then tlhe girl unveils and for the
list time tlhe Iridegroom sees his
Itl-idei's face.
lcestor worship and the adorationl
of thle heavens landl tilhe earth are essen-


Torture at Elmira.

MR. FRANK REMMELT TELLS OF A
REMARKABLE TRIAL.
Promthe Telegram, Elmira, y. Y.
Torture greater than human ingenaity
could invent. pain so exquisite that thase
wh6 have not suffered it can form no idea of
its intensity, is often tile fate of those whom
that dread disease, rheumatism, has marked
for its victims. The disease ener aly le-
gins with a slight pain in the joints and, if
proper trE :tnment is begun in time, the
agonies that would otherwise follow ean be
averted. Even in cases that have become
aggravated a remedy now exists that prom-
isa a certain and lasting cure, as will be
seen by the following sworn statement.
Mr. Frank Remimelt of 709 McGee Street,
Elmira, N. Y., was .aid up with rheuma-
tism which resulted from standing during
his work, upon a damp floor. He saya:


















KNELT.
- xx RBMMELT.
"Abont a year ago I was attacked with
rheumatism in my feet and legs, chiefly in
my legs. They swelled greatly and became
very stiff'and sore. Whenever I attempted
to walk the pain was awful. I had been suf-
fering in this way for about three months
when someone handed me a pamphlet adver-
tising Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale
People. I read it through carefully and
made up my mind to give them a fair trial,
for I knew that unless I could get relief I
would soon have to give up work and this
I could not afford to do.
"I got two boxes at first and by the time
the second one was used p I began to feel
decidedly better. The swelling was goings
down, the stiffness and pain were much
less and I found I could get about much
better. I got three more boxes and by the
tine the last of them had been taken I was
entirely free from the swelling, the pain and
the stiffness. In fact I was cured and I am
glad to say that I have had no return of the
trouble since."
Signed, FRAna REMMELT.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this
27th day of June, 1900.
E. SHAY
ouay Public.
At all druggist or direct from Dr. Wil-
liams Melicine Co., Schenectady, N.Y., on
receipt of price, 50 cents per box; 6 box-
$2.50.

THE U. 8. LIVE STOCK REMEDY has
proved most efficient In preventing and
curing Hog and Chicken Cholera and
kindred diseases. It Is also a fine con-
dition powder. Sales are increasing. If
your dealer don't keep It we will mail
It to you on receipt of price Sc per 4
lh. Liberal discount to dealers. ISAAC
MORGAN. Agent. Kissimmee. Fla. ltf

Budded and Grafted

Mulgoba Mangoes.
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
United States.
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH.
West Palm Beach. Fin.

tial parts of a Clilnese marriage cere-
Iloony. though the formal adoration of
the ancestral tablets does not take
pIlae until tle third day after the
wedding. The bride at the wedding
feast must prostrate herself lwfore her
lparents-in-law to whom she gives
wine. The mother-in-law in her turn
presents the ride with a cup of wine.
Three days after the marriage a grand
visit of ceremony is paid to the wife's
parents. Servants laden with presents
ilcoiulnany the newly wedded pair.

A simple and delicious desert is made
by tilling a mold with sliced oranges
and bananas and pouring over a foam-
ing sauce made by adding sugar to
the lieaten yolks of eggs and a spoonful
or two of sherry or runm. The mold is
lien Itburied in ice and salt for several
hours.-Ex.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. e


POWvJlAY AN~D M AB DMPART-
(1B31IT.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be address to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla.

weilntifle Peeding,
iMaly fatriaers do hot fully tiliter-
sitlnd e ile erhis Ulsel I,- those who
give direetionl for feeding. itithlogil
solte farmers have made such matters
a study. A farmer may not know the
relative proportional of the several sub-
stinces of foods. but he should endea-
vor to learn by experience what to
give his flocks. what to avoid. nld hlow
much ind how often. The tWo lprfllel-
lli M ih1tittH lh I I ti irt s dt-tltel for
poliltriy are nitrogen (for flesh. albu-
inon, Mte..) and carlbon (for fat). The
nitrogenous ftnods Iare mnPet. iellnlt,
clover. and to at certain extent grains.
The carbonaceont foods lae ( orn. fat
meat, grease, rice. ete. If a lien in flit
she needs no food excellinll ill fat.
Hence. finely eitl clover illy se:ilded in
the lnorning. with a tablespoonful of
linleedl-meal at night. in letter for egg
lrcnl(nction than grains. If a hen is
Ismr. give grain at uight. All foods.
however. contain fat and also somie ni-
trogen. It shoulllltl In rne ien ind
Ihalt tithe morte lnie and sluggish the
disposition the less corn or heating
food is required. A laying hell should
never Io very fat. for the ceeutulllation
of fat in very injurious to reproduction.
If too fiat tle hen may not lay; she
Ibecolnm egg-lonnd, brleiks down, lind
moon proves nlitproductive. Any fowlsi
th1tt are active forngers ;and are laying
may le fed all they will eat: but if tihe
heln are alppalretly in good health. but
do not lay, feed no corn. give plenty of
meat and allow bulky food. or they
will fatten quick.ly. If fed heavily a
hell will either lay or fatten in a short
time. and if the hens are Asiaties and
tlease to lay the feeding must be done
cautiously. It is even better to get
them down to a Ispor condition rather
than permit them to become too fat.
An excellent mode of feeding in to al-
low plenty of bulky food. and to give
each lien an ounce of raw chopped
ment in the morning and whole oats at
night. A few grains of wheat or cornl
lnay lie scattered in litter. in order to
Induce them to scratch, which will be
benecleial: but grass nmay be fed free-
ly. There is no advantage in breaking
all Asiatic from sitting: hut the best
way to break her in to place her on a
grass plot or in a yard and compel her
to hunt for her food. A box may lbe
allowed her at night. which should be
removed the next day. unless in damp
weather. The object should be to get
her to work and reduce her flesh. If


from the butcher, except that the fresh
lone is free front odor. while the nitro-
genous nutatter of the commercial hone
is I:prtly decollX osed. Hens dislike
the odor: the chemical value is alout
litI sIame. 'The advantage of ground
Ione (liot Ionell' lul) or Ikpuntded Ilne
verI oyster shells is that the holler is
h1l'rder liid serves a;s I grit. It also
conlltaills littrogenollo4 matter. A por-
tion of it is cllihngg-du ring digestion
into plhosphates of potash llltl mswlt,
and again into ulhosphate of lime. na
well ias other s;ilts. It offers a wider
ficld for chemical action tllhn eillhon
alte of lille oyster shells whevI enteln,
and contains noitrishliment which is not
the ase will shells.- Farml and Field.

No End to Belgian HIres.
The interest in the iBelgian haire bllls
illness it not ion the decline, but stesdll-
ly increasing. Poultry. fancy or other-
wise. is hlot in it any Inore. Every.
laily who conllne to visit me asks, flrst
of r1il. to see the Belgian hares. al-
though at present I have only very
few. liecanse there wias an urgent de-
liand for every anillal I thought 1
could spare. Thie New York "Farnler"
ill oine of its late issues. asks: "Isn't
the Belgian hare business overdone?"'
In a measure it is. When li oule de-
mland or :pay two hundred dollars. antld
even five hundreds dollars. for a pair of
these anijalsn no matter how malty
points they score, I believe the thing
's decidedly overdone. But every one
io hils own- tlste. If there are lnersons
whoi have plenty of money. and wish
to spend it for a rnhbit that has a
white hIai or two less on its hind leg
than other rabbits. tllat is their busl-
ness. not inine. I know that the flesh
of tile three dollars it pair Belgian
hare is exactly as g sld as that of a
two hundred dollars ;I pnir. As long
as I 'rise them mostly for lny table.
the gIoo ordillary stock (meat stock.
:as Mr. Nicholls calls it) is good enough
for mie.
labbiit Disease.-lIt is said that the
Belgian hare is singnlarly exempt from
disease. Tile few ailments to which
they are subject are said to be caused
mostly by improper feeding. But 1
do wish that somebody could tell me
why lmy young stock die off in a fear-
ful manner at au1 early age. sometimes
even while yet sickling the doe. There
is no outw:lrd sign of disease. All at
once they begin to Ilope around, then
stretch out and die, and that Is all
there i to it. I have kept both old
and11 younltg oil dry feed and oil green
feed. witli and without water, largely
on a grain diet. and then again largely
on roots and grasses, etc. Bllt no mat-
ter what I have been feeding. the re-
sult was the same, until I hardly
know what to do in order to bring my


food is scarce in the yard a few oats youllnk stock through to Imaturity all
at night may he given. If all breeds right. Old rabhiits will occasionally
are kept together some of the hens die. but they seem to we quite hardy
will lay. while others will not. for the and rugged ill : general way. ('atn
reason given love. Therefore. it is lany olc tell me :ilHout this fatal dis-
l~et to keel) only oone breed. so as to ease'? -Farn and Fireside.
give all the Ilens the same manage- t
ment. Peacocks Again Popular.
Bone. Gravel and Shell.-Grinding It is said that the peacock is again
food ll the gizzard is a natural process. bIconing iiopnlar though for some
lind there are three substances mostly time very little raised. Peafowls are
used-gravel. oyster shells and bone. very handsome and useful in keeping
The latter is serviceable eitt-r as away hawks. Their shrill cry fright-
freshli-ct bone or when hard. dry and ens away elnelnies of the Iultry vard.
ground. Gravel as usually found In the One breeder says: iThe eggs are
moils has been rounded by the air, wa. large and very firmly shelled. and are
ter and heat. and through wear and rounder in shael than turkey eggs.
tear. Unless sharp it is valueless. As The peahen lays some eggs before
soon as the fowl rounds a sharp sub- wanting to set. and if these are taken,
stance in the gizzard it is voided; she will lay as lanly more. Incuba-
hence, the hens prefer sharp shells to tion last four weeks. I set four
round gravel. The reason they eat pIalen eggs and six turkey eggs on
more shells when laying (or sharD the ground under a Rock hen. She
grit of any kind) Is because when lay. hatched all but onle iehiillin, which
ing more food in required and (cone- failed to get out. I allowed the hen to
quently more digestion and assimlla- wander with tle flock. She raised the
tion. Beca(ue an egg has specks or three I'lifowls and four turkeys, so
flakes of lime on the shell does not I judge they iv'lar not hard to raise. I
nmply that it is due to feeding when no fed them occasionally. In the morn-
oyster shells are given. It may be due ing. near the kitchen window. I would
to the food. for as a rule such hens hear their peculiar call. which was re-
are fat. Some kinds of gravel are lime- warded Iby some oatflakes.
stone and of the samne conimpsition as The Ieacockk is very friendly in his
oyster shells. There are thousands of nature. int fact. Iotl old and young
liens that get no oyster shells. yet they are perfectly tame. He delights
4do not lay soft-sllelled eggs. Bone con. in the society of young chickens.
tains nitrogen, and is Itself mostly which lie would not willingly injure.
phosphate of lime. There is hiut little I have heard of fl~tks being killed.
difference in commercial bone and tht but, from pluervation, I judge it was


CAPONIZE.


--Poultrymen can double their protfi
by Caponizing their chicks. The op-
eration is very aimule--the instructions
are so full and explicit that any man,
woman or child,t at e arefu reading,
will be able to perform the operation.
It is highly successful from every point
exceed the supply, the price per p d
being twice as much aV for ordinary
chicks The object of Caponizing is to
largely increase the weight e t fowl.
causing them in many cases, to grow
as large as turkeys and weighing from
10 to 15 pounds, and to make the meat a finer flavor and very juicy and tender. Again.
Capons ire worth $1 to $1.50 more than cocks not Caponized. They are much quieter in
disposition. A cock, in chasing around the yard, will run off flesh a most n fast as put on.
In the more quiet Capon the same amount of food goes to make flesh bone and profit. With
the proper instruments Caponizing is a simple lesson, wholly mastered by a few moments'
study. PFuly realizing the necessity ofhaving proper instruments we have arranged with
the reliable instrument manufacturers. Messrs. GeOrge P. Pilling & Son, Philadelphiato.
supply us with these instruments. This firm is, we think, the oldest of the kind in the United
states. located in the very heart of the original Caponizing district, and having been mak-
nlug Caponising instruments for 40 years, they thoroughly understand the proper ones
needed. Messrs. Georie P. Killing & Son have just published a very interesting book, en-
titlcd "'Complcte Guide for Casonizing." which we are distributing free to thome interested
in poultry. Complete withlinstructions $3.50. which will iecl'ide a year's subscription to
the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. In vclvetlined cae as per iegraving,$3.75. We sed
the book. "Complete Guide for Caponixing." with every set. Address,
B.O. PAINTER & CO., 4Jackzsorville, PIa.


ARE YOU MAKING MONEY?
-Ei "*"f) cf-iy *>*" hfSH'S ifl ,.ySdid.'ti B
ont ,ii, L X.-.t1ii-. i 20th llTmEW PLT3I = J.i
Wt.'tP.stt,7 -it and Am t- O ritc. Tuih lil abous ists and
a-s-t O t -e -s l t. we ,-ir. la i l t mill i .e l Lb. s..ids 5. nll
rlO. or"_, (.' bleslsl sraa IssCs.,Asa B-pgnlloS.


S| I|| ll-a | | | t TThe Practical
1 t AND SIMPLE
tl rt4i J lt, BARBED WIRE
IT'S O1 USE TO CRY J 3 .
ot ans Tr us ad k ep tmoniing them. PRICE $4.ee.
Briter buy Pge Wire not nade by a "-Trut. CH
L. B. BRoiuaoM Reeelver, V. SCHMELZ,
PAGE WOVEN WIRwlE IENCE' ., ADRIAN, i ICE. SylvanLake, Fla

---- "Certificate Am. Inst. Fair."
Track. HT Coal, Cuts
a.iara eOUtS ak Western Poultry Farm,
Sisfrctlon GurZ eCe
JESSE MARDE MARSHALL, MO.
]I8 a. Charles 1t1
SAI TIXMOIB. n 4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry raising
Market Gard profitable. It is up to date. mt page
Market Gardener s Send to day. We sell best liquid lice il-
er for 75 eta per gallon. Aluminum le
M;ake mnonley by getting their pro- bands for poultry. 1 dos.. 20 eta; 1 for
tlnce into market early. This is best cts: 50 for 60 ets; 100 for St.
accolllished by taking advantage
of tle stimulating effect of Hg S 9 TDI H ROUND OYS
NITRATE OF SODA. IHE S' I 11 T1E SHELLS.
It forces tile most rapid growl and To properly digest its food the fowl
imparts quality. crispness. tender- must have grit. What teeth are to the
ness. etc. All slbout it inll our free human being grit Is to the fowl. We
book. "'Food for l'lants." Ask for t can now furnish ground oyster shells,
topy. Address. .Joln A. Myers, 12- from freshly opened oysters, from
Jolhn St.. New York. Nitrate fog which all the dust and dirt baa been
sale by screened, to supply this grit which Is
E. O. PAINTER & CO., lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
Jaksonville, F. Goods very Inferior to ours and full
aconvi, a. of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
FOP AI offer It at
FOR SALE 100 lb bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
AT A Irlp your fowls by giving them
plenty of clean grit.
Special Bargain 0E. .PAINTER & Co.. Jacksonville.
Special Bargain Fla.
ON EASY TERMS. Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
Sf b o tilizers and dealers in all kinds of Fer-
Several fine bearing orange and tilizng Material.
grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay Orange and Kum Quat
fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in- Nursery Stock
vestment this year.
vestent this year. Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
I l & M L Rw F table. Also a general line of Fruit
Lye & o., ...Brtow, a. Trees. Roses. Shrubs. etc. Prices.
low. Freight paid.
rather by the excited objections of the SUMMIT NURSERIES,
mother lien rather than by the wrong D. L. Pierson, Prop.,
intentions of the Ipeaco.k. We have MoMtlceIo, Fh.
never found hiiit the least bit rough,
though it first it would afford him TOBACCO DUST
great pleasure to chase old turkeys. *
Now lie is often traveling thronglh the If your fowls are troubled with lice
woods land tieldhs with the flock. or jiggers, send $1.25 and get V10
One would not care to kill the beau- pounds of tobacco dust and ri inkle
tiful peavcock for tlhe table, even if one it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
could not dispose of surplus stock anteed to be unleashed. Fluid 2 cent
alive, but the peahen makes a very tamp for sample.-E. O. Painter & Co.,
delicate itad savory roast and has a Jacksonville. Fla.
generous supply. especially on the
breast, of excellent firm Ineat.
* 0 -U 1E3 -A- I
Toml-"l)id Manud tell yon tlhe truth Parties intending visiting Cuba will
when you asked her her age?" do well to correspond with me about
Ieick-"Yes." lands, etc. Use 5c. postage.
Toim -"*What did she say?" THOS. R. TOWNS,
Iiick--She said It was none of nly Quiebra Hacha, Cuba.
bulsiness."-I'-i-to-Date. P. delRio Province.











r THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


THE MAN ALONE.

The train was stopping longer than
usual at the water tank, and the Man
Alone stood in the door of his house on
wheels, enjoying the treat. The long,
dust-covered cars usually paused only a
few moments and were then whirled
on by the thirst-assuaged monster at
their head. in the never-ending race
across the continent. But to-day the
dripping tube had clanked back against
the iron hoops of the tank, and still
the engine bell did not ring, and the
blue-coated conductor was looking anx-
iously from his watch to the engineer
and fireman, who had crawled under
the wheels and were alternately ham-
mering and swearing. A few passen-
gers. clad in melancholy-looking linen
dusters, and with soiled handkerchiefs
about their necks, jumped from the
platforms of the sleepers and made a
little group about the engine, but most
of the sweltering alkali-choked mortals
in the porterless and comfortless day
coaches were too languid to more than
thrust their heads into the palpitating
waves of heat that arose from the
roadbed and to return cheerless re-
ports of apparent disaster.
It did not occur to the Man Alone
that he might joint the little group and
actually exchange a few words with
human beings. He merely gazed, and
caught himself counting the people
and the windows of the cars, just as
he had wearily tried and tried again
the task of enumerating the shifting
backs of the hundreds of sheep under
his care. He remarked to himself that
this was probably his last sight of the
daily train for many months, as he had
exhausted the feeding ground, and
would have to move away to a loca-
tion where the buffalo grass was more
plentiful. Consequently he lingered so
long and so intently in his farewell
look that he did not notice a slender
young woman who had leaped lightly
from one of the rear coaches and was
approaching with a baby on one arn
and a small tin pail in her disengaged
hand. When the Man Alone did spy
her. she was so near that she fright
ened him. and he could not muste
strength enough to move from the door
sill. against which he was leaning. The
young woman came quite boldly to the
edge of the steps that led from the
door of the wagon to the ground, an
the Man's knees nearly went from un
der him as two brown and very deter
mined eyes fastened their gaze upon
him, augmented by a battery of in
fantile ones.
"Pardon me, but John Henry is very
thirsty, and I wish to buy some mill
for him." said the owner of the browi
eyes.
The Man Alone was too near insen
sibility to more than gasp. The onl
woman he had seen in a whole 3Ja
was the proprietor of the "hash coun
ter" at Vermilian Creek. 12 mile
down the track, and this vision n
neat gray traveling dress dazzled him
"Tohn Henry hasn't had anything t
eat since he dropped his bottle ane
broke it. over a hundred miles front
here." pleased the owner of the browl
eyes.
"I ain't got thing but airtights--er
that is. canned milk, ma'am." said th
Man Alone finally, drawing a dee]
breath after nearly every word. "E
that'll do you any good-"
Here his face took a sudden express
sion of horror and his long arm swep
to a horizontal.
"Yer train's going mna'ain!" he ex
claimed, and the owner of the brow]
eyes turned, with a gasp of dismay
and saw the conductor swing himself
on the last platform and enter the ca
door, while the engine puffed its wa
into the grim vista of sagebrush be
yond the water tank.
"Gimme yer baby. ma'am." said th
Man Alone. leaping to the ground
grasping the child from her arms, an
starting after the disappearing car,
But the young woman stopped him.
"Don't waste the effort," she said
"The train is an hour behind time nov
and wouldn't return for the president
of the road. Some one in the car tol
me that we would eI delayed here a
least 10 minutes more, and I was wil


ing to risk being left behind if I could
get something for the poor baby. It's
a crime, for mothers to travel aloneGIRARDEAU'S
with children, isn't it?"
"Sure!" said the Man Alone, heartily, THE LARGEST WATE
and then he endeavored to make
amends. "Perhaps yer husband IN THE W
couldn't-"
The owner of the brown eyes laugh-
ed merrily.
"Oh, John Henry isn't my baby,"
said she. "His mother is a little slip
of a woman who looked so forlorn that
I have been sitting with her ever since
we left Portland. My father is in the
smoker, my traveling bag is in the
sleeper, and here I am in the desert
with a strange baby on my hands. Oh!
this Is a trifle more unconventional
than usual, even for a Chicago girl."
"But Miss-Miss----"
"Miss Meredith. Father has been at-
tending a Masonic convention at Seat-
tle, and took me with him. He will
doubtless get off at the next stopping
place when he misses me, and so will
John Henry's mother, if she can je a
kept from jumping from the moving
train. How far is it to the next sta-
tion?"
"Twelve mile," said the Man Alone,
laconically. He could not remember
many things as pleasant as that voice,
and he dimly wished that it could keep
right on going forever.
"Well, I want you to take me there,"
said the girl, consulting a pretty watch.
It's 12 now, and we ought to make it
Before dark."
The Man Alone took off his broad,
leather-banded hat, and slowly scratch-
ed his head. He was not bad looking,
in spite of a great scar which lost it- Two largest Triumph Watermelons gi
self in his iron gray hair. Then he were grown by W. C. Vann, of Abbe vil
took a halter from the side wall of the each. Prizes for same $70.00. Largest
wagon and scooped a hatful of oats 1900. weighed 87 pounds, prize for sa c
from a box underneath. in South Carolina in 1900, weighed 101 1
"The ol' farm way's better'en ropin'," Largest Triumph grown in Georgia in 11!
I he explained. "Th' grass ain't up to same. $20.00. Largest Triumph grown in
r standard this year, an' the smell o' for same. $20.00. Largest Triumph gre
oats '11 almost bring th' wild horses 76 pounds, prize for same, $20.00. Large.
Down f'm the hills. 1io0. weighed 76 pounds, prizze for sa mu
When he had gone Miss Meredith set Texas. weighed 105 1-2 pounds, prize for
i John Henry in the shade of the wagon Liberal prize offered for largest T riu
Sand then peeped in at the open door. prizes for largest Triumph grown in eai
- "I've always been dying to find out Buy the genuine selected seed direct
r how these western shepherds live," she er entitled to compete for prizes.
r said. "I wonder if he has a crook and I sell all varieties of watermelon seed,
e an Alpine horn!" ford. Blue Gem, Seminole, Georgia Rattle
e She ran lightly up the steps and Dixie, Glansier, New Favorite, Jones, B
e looked about the dark interior. A Cole's Eadly, Mountain Sweet, and ot he
d bunk, swung from the side wall by Rockyford Canteloupe seed.
- iron braces, evidently served the double I make a specialty of Beggarweed Se
- purpose of bed and table, as blankets both the rough and cleaned or hulled see
n were heaped at one end and several Write for Catalogue.
- dishes were carefully piled at the oth-
er. Miss Merdith shuddered at the W. M. GIRARDEAU, -
y sight of a repeating rifle, leaning in
k one corner, and then a slight noise at
n the door made her turn. The Man 6 XXX ROGERS SILV[
Alone was at the foot of the steps,
- with a raw-boned horse rubbing its Given as a Premium for
y nose lovingly against his shoulder.
r 'The nag was nearer'n I thought," he
- aid. with a mere trace of irritation
s in his voice.
a "I eIg your pardon for being so curl-
* ous." said Miss Meredith, as she de-
c scended and caught up John Henry
d "but I've always wanted to know how
you shepherds stand the hot sum-
Siners and the cold winters. Isn't your Send us $2 and a new subscr
Slie loely xainl the Man as he we will send the above premium
".o'lloely." rcxilaiinte the Man as he
e backed the horse into the wagon shaft. spoons are tirst-class XXX plate
P "W'hy. yours is the first voice I've
f beard since--since--oh! I can't re- FLORIDA AG
member very far back."
- "But you have dogs. and then the
't sliiep, are such dear things. They must
hei company." for he got sheep backs in his head. an' n
- "'Tlhe dogs are :11l right, but they went locoed. He killed his dogs an' a
n tan' tailk. ;in th' shee'll-why, nly, all th' sheep he had cartridges fer. an'
r. tlemn sheep'll drive a well iman crazy then le went up in th' hills an' froze .
f in a year. I wasn't quite right in my "But don't you have any amuse- i
r head when I came here, or I'd been nient?" I
y gone long ago. I ain't able to think "Yes-I been seeing' th' trains every t
- back very far. Them sheep won't let day fer a month, but now I got t' move
me. When I git hack 's far 's a year on tit' range. I don't care much, for s
e ago I kind o' switch off an' can't see there ain't no real fun since they plug-
. anything but th' hacks o' thousands o' ged up that water tank. I uster amuse
d sheep. Fust thing I know. I'm trying' myself by shooting holes through that.
.. to count 'elm. I count so many, an' First I couldn't hit it every time, but 0
then they all shuttle up an' Iegin all Ipurty soon I got it down and could put
. over. Then I feel like I got to take a hole in it every lick. One day I
~. that gun an' go out an' shoot sheep punminul a lull chamber o' cartridges I
it right an' left. I seen th' cowboys do into it. an' there wasn't water enough .J
d that when my partner drove a flock left in it fer th' overland. I guess I had 4
it over tine dead line oin te cattle land. all t11' big bugs o' th' railroad tellin' me d1
1- It'd been better if they'd shot him, too, what'd lie done t' me if I didn't git a b


TRIUMPH.
RMELON GROWN

WORLD.


rown in 9I1N from my selected seed,
le. Ala.. weighing 150 1-2 pounds
Triumph grown in North Carolina in
?. $20.00. Largest Triumph grown
-2 pounds. prize for same $20.00.
w). weighed 127 1-2 pounds, prise for
Fla.. in 1900, weighed 92 lbs., prize
own in Mississippi in 1900, weighed
st Triumph grown in Louisiana in
. $20.00. Largest Triumph grown In
same, $20.00.
imph in the South in 1901. Liberal
ch Southern State in 1901.
From the originator. Each purchas-

Florida Favorite, Duke Jones, Brad-
snake, Gray Monarch. Dark Icing,
lack Diamond, Gray National, Boss,
rs. All Southern Beauty and

ed and can make you low prices on
ed.


Monticello, Florida.


R PLATED SPOONS
One New Subscriber.


iber to the Agriculturist and
m postpaid. Remember the
, Address,

RICUL TURIS T,
Jacksonville ,PFl.

.ew target. These railroads don't keer
anything fer a sheep man's fun."
.\s he spoke he was deftly harness-
ng the horse, and then he lighted a red
intern and set it on the ground near
he wagon, after which he called an
ntelligent-looking shepherd dog and
poke a few kindly words of caution.
"The lantern an' th' dog'll hold 'em
11 right," he said, as he assisted Miss
ileredith to the wide seat under the
overhanging top of the wagon and
tossed John Henry into her lap..
When the wagon began to dip and
lunge and curtsy over the rough trail,
iohn Henry was delighted. His infant
Ireams had never pictured such splen-
lid jolting, and the whimper which had
begun to materialize, owing to the long-











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 6W


delayed dinner, now changed to the
crow of gladness.
"Mighty good little chap. ain't he?"
ventured the Man Alone. Ittween
clouds of alkali dust.
"He hasn't cried once- during all that
terrible railroad trip. Poor little father-
less fellow! His mother isn't as old as
I aln. but she has a gray streak in her
hair. Her husband was a railroad
mall. and he disappeared just after
John lenry was bmrn. She's going to
her folks in Trinidad. but it will break
her heart to live there. as they believe
her husband ran away. and she doesn't.
Her name Is Clark, and-"
Here Miss Meredith clutched the
seat in terror, as the Man Alone had
dropped the reins and sent his hat
sailing into the sagebrush and cactus.
while the horse threatened to ditch the
wagon at the trail side.
"Clark! Clark!" exclaimed the Man
Alone, in a thick voice. "That's the
name, bty Glory! I kin think back now
without them sheep interferin'. He was
a railroad man and he run out o' Salt
Lake west. It's all plain to me now,
an' I kin remember falling' off them
cars an' gittin' an awful crack on the
head. Here. don't you hold that baby
any more. He's mine. You give him
to me an' drive-drive quick or them
sheep'll le coming back into my head
before 1 see my-my wife. Larrup
that horse good! I want to git to the
station wuss'n you do."-Arthur Chap-
man. In Portland Oregonian.

The South's Wasted Products.
"Nearly every state in the South is
a great producer of raw materials; and
every Southern state sends away many
millions of dollars annually for manu-
facturers that might he made by itself
or its neighbors. In the one item of
furniture and wooden-ware the South
might easily make an enormous saving
every year were she to utilize the pro-
ducts of her own forests. Her work-
able woods grow in great variety, and
they should not be shipped to distant
states only to be returned in manufac-
ured shapes for Southern consumption
at greatly enhanced prices."
The South produces practically every
constituent that enters into commercial
fertilizers, yet she continues to buy
the great bulk of these-and her con-
sumption of them is enormous-in out-
side states. Nearly every freight train
and steamship that moves southward
carries thither vast quantities of can-
ned fruits, vegetables and other food
products, of which the South is a great
consumer, and of which she might easi-
ly become a great packer, were she
minded to utilize her own resources
to the limit. Her vegetable fibers,
most of which now go to waste, have
in them great possibilities for wealth-
making. American upholsterers actual-
ly Import whole cargoes of "African
grass" and other fibers that are infer-
ior to the lowly saw palmetto for mat-
tresses and furniture. And a textile
fabric as fine and as light as silk, and
much more durable and cheap, can be
made from the prickly leaf of the pine-
apple plant. For warm weather gowns
the womenfolk of the entire country
would welcome it and pay most liber-
ally for it-yet the pineapple leaf dries
up and rots in the plantation furrows.
And so the story might proceed. The
movement of manufacturing in the
South is still in its infancy. Where it
has begun at all, it is almost without
exception successful. The figures of
the twelfth census will be a revelation
in this particular-and they ought to
prove a stimulus to greater achieve-
ment in that rightly endowed section.
-New York Commercial.
*
Curiosities of American Exports.
There is no civilized land in the
world and few savage ones where evi-
dences of American ingenuity and san t
do not confront the traveler on every
side. Up in the north of Sweden
trains of reindeer are drawing Amerl-
can wood-cutting machinery to points
not far distant from the North Cape.
The machinery has to be hauled hun.
dreds of miles over the plains of snow,
but the shrewd Swedish lumbermen
have found that its use almost doubles
their profits. Again Puntas Neras, in


Tierra del I1'uPgo. is the most souther.
ly continental spot on the globe. The
important light-house there is equipped
with eleirir machinery manufacture(
within a few hundred miles of New
York city.
Some of the schemes devised by the
enterprising Yankee are so daring that
they might have been almost sacrile-
gious in a less practical age. A large
consignellnt of steam pumps was late-
ly shipped to the East. Their destina-
tion was tile Jordan. Formerly pil-
grillis with all eye to tile main chance
bad found it profitable to secure cal-
ablasihes of water from the sacred riv.
er and sell their contents to churches
and eonventllt to be used as holy water.
A wideawake American saw his oppor-
tunity. lie devised a steam pump of
convelliellt size. a number of which
were set up) at suitable points along
the banks of the Jordan. The result
was a profitable business in retailing
to the churches all over Europe.
Again. American devices are finding
their way into the Vatican itself. The
sovereign pontiff has recently been our
customer for a flashlight apparatus,
which stands by his couch and can be
ignited at any moment during the
light by pressing a button.
Tradition has assigned to Bagdad the
lionor of producing the most celebrat-
ed of lamps. But a New York house
has superseded Aladdin and his genii.
The lamps are of fanciful pattern, and
are decorated with devices often more
pleasing to the eye of the Oriental than
the morals of the ascetic. They are of
simple design, operating without chim-
ney on tile principle of the blast fur-
nace. They are conveyed to a point oi
the Persian gulf. from whence they
are hauled over some 300 miles of des-
ert on camel Iback. They are then
transferred to rafts towed a hundred
miles up the Euphrates, where they are
again loaded on camels, which convey
them to their destination, two hundred
miles from tile river. These lamps are
quite the thing in the Orient.
Among the residences that they decor-
ate are the palaces of the Sultan or
Morocco, the Printce of Siam and sev-
eral rajahs in British India. They are
also popular in Jerusalem.
In India. too. it looks as though at
no distant date the punka will be a
thing of the past, and the punka wall
seeking a new job. A demand for el-
ectric fans of American manufacture
has arisen among the more up-to-date
of the native princes, a little Sultan in
Borneo. particular, having laid in a
considerable supply.
The torrid climate of India
opens up a number of possibilities
to the enterprising trader. A few soda
fountains have recently been shipped
to Calcutta experimentally, and it is
thought a considerable trade in tills
typically American article may ensue.
ece plants. too. have been shipped to
various parts of the country, and there
is a call for more. Another article con-
sidered indispensable in many parts of
the country, mosquito curtains, is be-
coming popular in the East. and a
large consignment has recently been
shipped to Syria.
Nor does the ancient land of Egyot
turn up its nose at our new-fangled
contrivances. The supply of images in
l;he pyramids having run rather low
owing to the depredations of curio
hunters, an American firm has been fill-
ing up the vacancies with most inter-
eating and antique-appearing little stat.
nes. As a matter of fact, they are
manufactured by a new patent process
from various condiments, but they look
so like ancient stone that they would
deceive any expert. Egypt appears to
Ie getting frisky in its old age. An
American llerry-go-round of tile Coney
Island type has re(cevtly been set
up at Cairo. It is largely natronized
by the Arabs, who cut a fine figure in
their snowy burnooses bestriding the
green and gold tigers and elephants.
It is driven by steam, and its music
is the same old American rag-time. An-
other- country. only less venerable.
which has become a customer for Am-
erical merry-go-rounds is Spain.
*
Sharply's Cream Separators-Profit-
able Dairying.


Beans, Extra Early Bed Valen-
tine ................. .10
New Stringless Green
Pod .................. .10
Dwarf German Black
Wax.................. 10
Burpees Large Bush Li-
ma..................10
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip...... .. .. .. ...... 5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield .... ........ .5
Early Summer... ....... .5
Griffing's Successioil .... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching... .10
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5
Long Green Turkish.... .5


Egg Plant. Grifling's Improved
Thornless... ........
Lettuce, Big Boston..........
Onions, Bed Bermuda..........
Griffing's White Wa....
Peas, Alaska.. .. .. ............
SChampion of England....
Peppers, Long Cayenne..........
Ruby King..........
Radishes, Wonderful .. .. .... ..
Griffing's Early Scar-
let.. ................
arley Scarlet Erfurt....
Tomatoes, Beauty...........
Money Maker..........
Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.. ..
Pomeranian White Globe

Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede....


Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.


Our Friends, the Birds.
A bulletin of the Department of Ag-
riculture gives the analysis of the con-
tents of the stomachs of two wood-
peckers: "Two thirds to three fourths
of the food consisted of insects, chiefly
noxious. Wood-boring beetles, both
adult and larvae, are conspiclous, and
with them are associated many cater-
pillars, mostly species that burrow into
trees. Next in importance are the ants
that live in decaying wood, all of which
are sought by woodpeckers and eaten
in great qualities. Many ants are par-
ticularly harmful to timber, for if they
find a small spot of decay in the vacant
burrow of some wood-borer they en.
large the hole, and as their colony Is
always on the increase, continue to eat
away the wood until the whole trunk
is honey-combed. Moreover, these in-
sects are inaccessible to other birds,
and could pursue their career of de-
struction unmolested were it not that
the woodpeckers, with beaks and
tongues, dig out and devour them."
1 do not believe that these little
friends are half as much appreciated as
they should be. They are at work all
winter, and I verily believe that our
old apple orchards would not live out
half their years without the help of
this particular friend. Allowing that
one variety is a sap-sucker, the bal-
ance is still largely in their favor. I
do not know of any special damage
that has been done by the yeiiow-bel-
lied sap-sucker, unless it be to the
birches. The blue-jay, who is about
our shrubberies at all seasons, is an-
other helper that I wish we might in-
crease. A dissection of two hundred
and ninety-two stomachs gave about
one fourth of animal matter.
My purpose. however, is to suggest
a few ways Illn which we may increase
the settlement with us of the most vat.
uable winter birds. It is not the cli-
mate so much that sends the birds
away from us as the lack of food. By
freely planting along the fences and in
our pastures, as well as on our lawns,
the mountain-ash and the Tartarian
honeysuckle and the high-bush cran-
berry we shall be able to supply with.
out any cost to ourselves an enormous
amount of bird food. In fact, I k..ow
of but one berry that commonly ap-
pears on our lawns which is not area.


by the birds; I mean the blacktlioru,
or buckthorn., berry.
A single tree of the mountain-ash will
feel all the robbins that will visit you
through the fall months and still have
a surplus for winter friends. I do not
see any reason why we should not
make this tree more common as a fielo
tree. It is particularly well fitted to
form shelters in the corners of our
pasture lots. Nor have we any small
tree better fitted to plant for wind-
breaks. Plant closely along the west
and north sides of your land. The
tree is entirely hardy, and does not
easily break with severe winds. The
barberry is eaten by a few birds, ana
can be provided in unlimited quanti-
ties. The fruit of the Tartarian hon-
eysuckle is so much liked by the rob-
ins that I am afraid we can not keep
much of it for winter use. It Is the
best of all the shrubs for either orna.
mental hedges or low wind-breaks.
Besides providing such foods as the
birds need we shall attract them to
us by providing proper shelter. Here
it is that they need almost exactly
what we need ourselves; that is, good,
thick evergreen wind-breaks, evergreen
groves and evergreen hedges. We can
change our climate at least two or
three degrees by such judicious plan:-
ing. The birds soon find this out and
will home with us when we make our
own homes warm and cozy. Can you
conceive what summer would be with.
out the birds and their songs? Think
what winter could be made by the al-
dition of more bird life and of occa-
sional bird music. Some of our useful
birds are changing their habits and
habitant owing to a decrease of favor-
ite food and preferred nesting-places.
If we must lose some of our favorite
summer birds, it would be compensa.
tion to increase the number of those.
who are able to spend the winter with
us.-E. P. Powell in Farm and Fire
side.

BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON.
For use In granaries to kill weevil, to de-
stroy rats and gophers and to keep in
sects from the seed. etc.
2o CENTS PER POUND,
put up in ten and fifteen pound cabs
'lfteea cents extra for the cans.
E. 0. PAINTER CO., Jacksoaville.


FOR SUMMER AND FALL
-O PLANTING. .

THE QRIFFINO BROTHER'S CO.,
D Jacsuonvllle, Fla.

THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
application. Address
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE ORIFFING BROTHER'S CO.,
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jadsonvlle. Fla.





$4.00 for $2.00o!

Seed you must have to makc a garden, and the AGRICULTURInT you should have to be a
sucessful gardner. You can get them both at the price o, one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 andwwe will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of

GRIFFIN BROTHERS.











w(4 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


WITH THE JOKER.

First Suburbanite-"How long was
your last cook with you?"
Set-ond Suburbanite-"She was "with
us' for alout two hours. and aginn us'
all the rest of the two weeks she was
there."-Judge.

Young Mother (to butcher)-"I have
brought iny little baby. Mr. Bullwriln-
kle. Will you kindly weigh hiinl'"
Butcher-"Yes. iina'an: Ion)es an' all.
I s'-ose;"
*
Johnny-lPaw. whlit is a canllmi~gn
lie?
Paw-A campaign lie. lily son. is a
poster. which asserts that a tiresome
old talker is a silver-tongjied orator.
*a
"Jolhny." said the Sunday school
teacher to a small puplil. "what is a
centurion ?"
"He's a fellow that rides t141 miles oil
a bike." promptly answeredl Johnny.-
Chicago News.
*
Tess-Yes. slih refused limj. hut it al-
most broke her heart.
Jess-Really?
Tess--Yes. when she discovered that
it hadn't broken' his.-Phlila delphia
Record.

Ikon't lie afraid of a school teacher.
A young Iman 4.c1lhl on ailn Atchison
school teacher and in explaining some
previous neglect said. "If I'd 'a' knowed
yoll wanted to went. I'd "a' comlle ianld
took you." And she married lint iln
spite of it.-Atlhismon <;lobe.


"Suy." liglan the man l1who is always
suggesting itings, "whly don't you
write a joke aliout a mnan who asks an-
other inan aouit where would lie good
plate to buy ice. and tIhe other inan
says. 'At the north pole'?" (ireat. isn't
it?"
"I aum afraid tliat would lite too far-
fetched." replied thlie natural Ioirn hu-
morist. as lhe turned sadly to thle oill-
t struction of a lunln'lot about tlie iMstter
eating goat.-Baltimnore Ainerienn.
*
"He claims to be a Intriot."
"What. with s.uch a thin voice. as his?
Ablsuril!"-- etroit Journal.
6
"I idespise al iracrtcal joker." said the
wollan in a pink Ibonnet.
"That is the only kind of joking that
pays." responded tile woman in a sailor
hat.
She was the wife of a Jurofessionall
humorist and was therefore qutalified
to speak with authority (n tlthe subject.
-San Fraincisco Triwl Talk.
*
"Say. old manli. I saw your wife down
town."
"Did yiou? Why. when did you ever
inmeet her?"
"Never nmet her until this morning."
"Then how in the world did you know
her2?"
"I recoglnized your nec(ktie."-('hic-a-
go eNws.
0 *
A western paper prints tile following
singular eard of thanks:
"Mr. and Mrs. Hayes hereby wish to
express their thanks to the friends andu
neighbors who so kindly assisted at the
burniingof their house last Monday ev-
eningl."--New York World.
"Clairence. Peelellie is going to give
us a lovely eaIsel."
"Well she shaliti't do it!"
"C(larelice. iallat do youll neail?"
"Wihy. I've lived long enough to
know that people who have easels are
always trying to get rid of them."--
Indianalmilis Journal.
*
S"WVhat iwas the sculpltor so agitated
aboutt"
"He said he'd go to laying brick le-
fore he'd nInlel 1any short waist man
statues."-Indtiana polis Journal.
*
"What kind of a man is the new
Ioarder?"
"He's the kind that likes to sit in aI
rocking chair and romk hard."-('hitl-
go Record.
g
Mamma-These groceries only came


to W!) 'enits. Mr. Sands should iam\'
given you 1l1 cents change.
Elsie-Yes. nia'ani. IHe dil.
Maminlnma Well. where is it?
Elsie-WiVhy. lna;iiin. they were sell-
inl lieianult molasses candy. and At
seenled such a: hargaiin at 10t centst a
Iloindi I just couldn't lieln taking a
pound. -Ph ilad eliphia lPress.

IIusitind "HIow 1nniiuh did you send
to-day?"
Wife--"Seventy-five dollars and se;v-
enteen cents."
iHusliliban (ironitallIy --"Was that
all ?'"
Wife (with an injured air)-"That
waIs all I had." New York Weekly.
a a
Young 1h tdy-"Give nme one yard of-
why. hla-venl't I seen you Iefore?"
I r.y youl have forgotten tile? I saved your
life at tile sea-side hist summnler."
Young I.Lady i warmly) -"Why. of
iUotnrs yonu dind! You Inay give ine two
yards iif this ribbon. please.'" Boston
Journal.


*
Mrs.. A. (before ihe full-length por-
trait of a girl "h'(). if I only knew
lhll painter of this:.
Artist (stepping forwardly joyfully)
-"Permit me,. Inadan to introduce
myself as tlhe 'parlter."
.%Mrs. A "iWhat extraordinary goods
luck: Now. you tell mIe-won't you-
tille tlad ss (of the ilress Illaker who
nmatde this girl's frock?.'"

Mrs. Newlyw edi-"That is our new
li rgll i alaii. You see. if t burglar
slholld go't into tlie lower part of tlthe
house. thliat would ring."
Her ,inotler-"Oh! and scare him
off?"
.Mrs. N'Nwlywed (louhbtfully- "Well.
it might: but it would give Clarence
and Ine plenty of time to hide in the
ilt ic. lny wvay."
S*
"Clildren." saiid Aunt Mary. "you
li:ive a it'n- lit lie brother. lie tcaite
tlis Imorning while you werte aseepl."
"liil liie?" excl('imaliel thll eldest.
"I'Th.,i I know whio brought him.".
"'WhVo was it?" asked Alint Mary.
'"Wly. tile inilkiian. of course. I
saw it on his 1art. *Famlilies suppliedl
laily.' Londolln Tit-Bits.
*
,i'oto was crying.
"'ihiat's thle latterr" asked one of
ler ftlther's friends.
"I'se lost lily two enlts." she wailed.
"..Well. liever nmind. here are two
Icnt lls." saiid tile friend.
o ll"oto W:i.< '"yi'ng harder tlhan

"hat's t li matter now'?" shie was.
asked.
"I'm crying entuse if hadn't lost
Itiy t wo 'eils. I'ld hliad fullr cents now"
vwas tle reply.
*
"lo you see that very ordinary-look-
ing mllan over these?"
"Yest. what of it?"
"Hle's a :man with a history."
"A 11an withli a history: What has
ie( ever donelllr"
"Noithing at a1ll. Hle's selling tile his-
lory by subscription."-('hic.ago Post.
*
"Is your )oy .hJosli. the kind of youth
Ilto refuses to take good advice from
his llpren'ts ?'
"No." i answered Fml'tiiir 'orltossel.
"-I -ai't sy tIliat ihe is. 1 hilttened
to overhear 1 conversations between
liiin anil his mother yestiday. 'Mainlt
was telli'" liin. very earilnest. to try
nlt to lie as big a fool in some things
;is his father is. AIn' must say the
hoy tlck it right kindly."--Washington
Star.
*
"I thought you were working on Jay
Krank's new housee," said the house-
nailiter's friend.
"I -was going to." replied tlhe house
painter. "bllut I lhad a quarrel with him,
and he sail he'd hilt the paint on him-
self."
"And did lie do it?"
"Yes. that is where he put most of
it."--Phladelphia Press.


ETo Th a


To T


via All Rail



he ST


T TEast


via Sfllesahip
To KEY WEST
AND
HAVANA
NOVA SCOTIA,
CAPE BRETON&
PRINCE EDWARDS
ISLAND...


THE ATLANTIC (OAST LINE, via Charles ol.
Richmond and Washington.
THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY. via Savannah, Co.
lumbia and Washington.


The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevi.;
The Mobile & Ohio R. R via Montgomery.


Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for New
York, Philadelphia and Boston.

Via Savannah and Merchants & Mliners Trarnsporta
lion Company for Baltimore.


Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL

STEAlSHIP CO.

Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax. Hawkesburv
and Charlottestown.


Winter Tourist Tickets
Will be on sale throughout the NORTHERN. EASTERN, WESTERN AND
SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORIDA RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop-
over privileges in Florida.
ADDRESS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
VERTISING MATTER.

Ior information as to rates, sleepinS-car services. reervations, etc, write to
F. M. JOLLY, Division Paenger Agent.
188 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
W. B. DENHAM, B. W. WRENN.
Gen. Supt. Pass. Traffic Mng'r.
SAVANNAH. GEORGIA.



OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.


"SAVANNAH LINE"


BY LAND


AND SEA...


FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.

FROM

FLORIDA TO NEW YORK,


BOSTON AND" EAST.


SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, OEOROIA.
Thence via Palatial Express Steamship., sailings trom Savannah, Four Ships each week
to New York hnd making close connection with New York-Boston ships or Sound Lines.
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write
for general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
I H. alNTON. Trale 1lr., WALTBI HRAWKlNA, Ge. AIe,
8avaunah,.Ga. 223 W. Bay St., Jacksoavme. Plb


pLANT 5YSTEf1,


The Great Througn Car Line From Florida.


CONNECTIONS.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. t9


FLOBIDIANA.

The pineapple fields at Eden are in
better olihdition than ever Iefore. with
promise of all allunldantlt crop another
season. a few crates being shiplsd
each week. and bringing good prices.
-Es.
Tallahasseeans had their first view
of the automobile last week. It cre-
ated aI great deal of interest. We have
seen liorseless -carriages in tower. .ic-
fore l t this was tie first auto.-Tail
lahasseean.
Wakulla county claims the finest
drag seine fisheries in the state. No
fewer than 3.4NW)0 Georgia wagons have
come, some of then over one hundred
miles. and are now at tie different fish-
eries. Since the early history of this
county there has been an annual pil-
grimage of these wagons during tihe
months of October and November for
fish. fun and frolic.-Ex.
Haiip Smith, from the southern part
of the county. cane to Plant City re-
cently with a load of farm products
and hides. which included a very large
black bear skin, which was on exhibi-
tion at H. B. Wordlehoffs store, and
was an object of Interest to the hun-
dreds of people in town. Mr. Smith
killed the bear on Lake Childs. in De
Soto county.-Plant City ('or. T.-U. &
C.
Experiments are bIing made at Se.
ville with ramie. a fibre-producing
plant which the soil will produce
abundantly. Messrs. Belemy and Icem
of New York. are now trying a ma-
chine for separating the fiber from the
pilnt. which it seems. is very apt to
prove a success. The fiber of this plant
is very fine and strong, and can be wo-
ven into the finest cloth. One fiber
no larger than a hair, it is claimed,
cannot be broken by the hands. If all
works well, a factory may be estab-
lished at this place, which will be of
much benefit to the cultivators, as well
as others. and Seville will again step
forth into the realns of prosperity.-
Seville (or. T.-U. and C.
It was stated in Tampa that A. A.
Wood had discharged a workman from
Ills Ihrx factory for voting the Demo-
c-ratic ticket. Investigation developed
the fact that A..1. ..Russ was discharg-
ed yesterday morning, and in the after-
noon there was ; general strike among
the operators idl the Imx factory. The
strikers claimed tllat Russ was dis_
charged for political reasons, but the
management said they were asked to
give all their employees a half holiday
Tuesday. but that they were so rushed
they could not close down. and refused
the petition. Russ then asked for a
full day off. and was told lie could not
ibe spared. He did not go to work
Tuesday, andmi yesterday, lie was dis-
cllarged, whereupon the entire -force
closed down and struck without notice
to the management of their intention.
Fire recently destroyed the historic
old residence of Dr. John Brosnahanm,
at Gull Port, near Pensacola,
caused by a spark from the
chimney, falling on the roof,
which was as dry as powder and
burned like tinder, and was soon fan-
ned into a roaring holocaust; yet, when
the fire was first discovered the small
blaze could have been extinguished
with one bucket of water. But unfor-
tuna:tely. at the hour when it was first
discovered on the roof all occupants of
the house, except Dr. and Mrs. Broi-
naham were absent attending church.
The ill-fated building was one of the
oldest and most historic residences In
West Florida. It was known in the
days of General Jackson as the "Fif-
teen Mile House." Land in July, 1821,
the veteran general (better known in,
those days as "Old Hickory") stopped
there, as the guest of Manuel Gonzalez.
-Pensacola Press.
Somebody at Frultland Park is put-
ting out poison for dogs. and a uin-
her of them have died from the effects
of the drug, some of them valuable
animals. Earl Geary lost a fine bird
dog thus last Tuesday. making tell
dogs that have died in Fruitland Park
from poisoning within the last week
or ten days. Owners of dogs out that
way are much exercised about the mat.
ter, and it is probable that there will


lie an illveslig;alion with a view io
getting reilress for tlie dogs thll lI.t(
linll killed. if nossilie. and to pro-
teet tile dogs that are living. As Fruit
land Piirk is not in I lie sheep business i
:lnd nlot ill :1 sheep raising section. the
wonller is why alnylone should want to
kill dogs of ai whole neighlorhoodl, ir-
gardlless of their value.-Leesbur;i
Conllllercial.
Eight carloads of oranges -went out
over the Sealmard Saturday. They
I'gain arriving iin tlie iiorning on tlhe
schooners Marie Cooler and Fogarty.
and the steamlers Mallatee and Ter-a
Cein. and Mistletoe brought in the rest.
This is iroblably the largest shirnnuet
of tile season miade- by either of the
systems leading out of Tanilpa.-I-l. ill

*
Io Tribune.

(Can't you earn some of our prizes?'





Help...





Nature
!- -d -- !







I Babies and children need
proper food, rarely ever medi-
Scine. If they do not thrive
on their food something is
wrong. They need a little
= help to get their digestive
Machinery working properly.





OF
COD LIVER OIL
WTIIflX POPNOSPIIITESJw FM4SW0A



difficulty.
If you will put from one-
i fourth to half a teaspoor.fut~
in baby's bottle three or four =
I times a day you will soon see
Sa marked improvement For
Larger children, from half to
a teaspoonful, according to
age, dissolved in their milk,
if you so desire, will very
Ssoon show its great nourish-
Sing power. If the mother's
milk does not nourish the
baby, she needs the emul-
sion. It will show an effect
at once both upon mother
Sand child.
oc. and s.i all duggit.
SCOTT & OWNE, Chemist. New York.
*^--- II K fc *


Farmers

Save


One Half


25 years ago
The first Powell's
Prepared Chemic-
als for making
Fertilizersat home,
weresold. aImstsea-
son progreanive far-
mers in 2I States
used thni,. Let us
send you a record


S 0of the results -
also give you prices
on Muriate and
Sulphate 'otash,
Nitrate Soda and
Iertilizers other fst-elss Fer-
tilizer Materials.
W. S. POWELL & CO.,
ta.Mrtwhn r a e.. Baltimore, Md.


NXtlelk powder shell
armity and strong aheoti
HES REPEAT


FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
on the market compare wmth the "NEW RIVAL" In w-a
ng qualities. Sure flre aod waterproof. Get the geamie.
AM CO. Ne HenC, C


Florida East Coast Ry.


BUUTH BOUND (Re-ad Down.


4-






45Q
0






4a P4
S.E-
** 0

E-4dI












- i
Cm


E4


No.1 No.:%9
Daily Daily
ex ou
...... 4W5p
..... 52o5p
...... 5 57p
..... 61ip
liP p
...... 5'4 p
... ... ;-=i,
.. .. 5 p
615P
...... 742p
...... 755p
.... 805p
.. .......
.3Ua ......

5.... ....
.........


In Effect Sept. 6,19 J


N- -, No.;>
i:) No. 2. STATIONS. No. 28. Daily
l 00a Lv ........ Jacksaouville........Ar 73Wi,
S1a Ar ....... St. Augutine ....... Lv 6 i
11 1 Lv....... St. Auuastine ......Ar 615p
114 ......s ....Hs....sLv 540L
12 p Ar...... East Palatk........ 524F
123l p Ar...........Palatka...........Lv 5top
S40.t~v. ....... Palatka.......... Ar 5 45
!Ar..... .... San ateo ..........Lv .. ..
6lSias v ......... n Manteo......... Ar 785
lI. p' Lv... ... ast Palatka .........Ar a '.
1281 ........... Ormond ........... Lv 402p
187p "..... .... Dayton. ........... 3 iS1p
1 47p .......Port Orange......... 3 41p
2 lOp ........ Nw Smyrna ........ 8U
2 p" ...........Oak Hi ........ 30
8 9 ......... Titusville ........." 2.2
33s0p .......... iy Point......... 155p
34p ............Cocoa............ ;47
60p : .......... dBo ledge......... 1
l420 .. .......an aU. e....... 1 l
4 p ......... elbourne..........
5 0p "........... esand....... 2a .
50 p .......... Sebastian.......... 2-'2
5S .......... St. Lucie.......... I :S
6o ......... Fort Pierce ......... 1
p ........ Tibbals ........... I 4a
............. den... ....... "
635p ......... Jensen ......... 0 a
6.p .. ......... tnurt............ 045
7 15p "......... obeSond ......... 0 14a
78 ........ Wet Jupiter........ 1002a
802p ......WetPalm Beach ..... 9 2a
8 27p ".......... Boynton .......... 902
8 86 .. ......... Dlry ........... 8 a
S22p ......Fort Lauderdale...... 806s
107p ........Lemon City ......... 7
1015pAr.......... Miami... Lv 7 15


Buffett Parlor Oars on Train-s .i and -.


(Read Up) NORTH BOUND


No.WIiNo.12
Daily Daily
0 San


,.
oio .....
> rlai.....
90al.....






S.. .... 2..
..... ... .





...... .....


...a.. ......



. .. ......
...... .....
.... 16p


toi







ps
obo

p. a







00
P09


No.27No.25 o.u No 15 No.18INo.281
Bun Sun Daily Daily STATIONS. oNil Dailt, Sun
only only er SuexSu D exj only
0p 2i0p la ip Lv. ........ ...Jacksonville.. ............. Ar Tiiai S t! p ..
Sp 2 08p wp 82a Ar- .............. ...... Jsoi ....... ..I, 7a 452p 5p ....
Ip 25p itip 8aB -.........P.. abloBeaeh. .......... 7 Ion: 42ip 5-2p.1
7a2p 300p 61 9a .. ............... ...Mayport ................. 4,.,; 4 t1p 5 UpI .....
Between New Smyrna and Orange Between Titusville and Sanford.
City Junction. No.ll1 STATIONS. No I
No.1 STATONs. No.2. 7 Lv...........Tilmusille ...........Ar Ip
p ........ New Smvrn a ......- Arl 65p 13a "7m .............Mims. ............. L 11
46p ........Lake elen ........ Lv 5p 828 ........... Ostten ............ 11
45 4p ........ Orange City ........ 524p v 85 .......... Enterprise ......... 11
OOpAr ...Orange City Junctio. ISp 30lA r ........... Sanford........... 111OO
All trains between New Smyrna and Orange All trains between Titusville and Sanfo-1
City Jun i ion daily except Sunday. taily except Sunday.
These Time Tables snow the times at which trains may be exneete I to arrive and denarl
from the several stations, but their arrival or departure at the time. stated is not gruran-
toed, nor does the Company hold itself responsible for any delay or any ennsequence are-
lag therefrom.


Peninsular and Occidental S. S. Co.
CONNECTIONS AT MIAMI.
HAVANA LINE. -
Leave Miami Tuesdays............. 1.00 m. Arrive Key West Wednesdays......11.00 a. m.
Lve Key West Wednesday....... 8.80 . Arrive Havana Thurs..lay-s ........ an.
ve Havana Thursdays........... 10.40 a. m. Arrive Key West Thnur-l;sa........ 5.30 p. m.
Leave Key West Thursda......... .30 p. m. Arrive Miami Friday.. ............ 6.a a n.
KEY WEST LINE. -
Leave Miami Friidavs............ 11.00 p. i. Arrive Key West Saturdays........ 11.00 an.
Leave Key West Suitrlsy........... 6.U p. m. Arrive Miami Mondays ............. 6 a. m
Passenger f for Havana c-an leave Miami Fridays 1l.00 p. m.. arriving Key West Saturdays
11:0)a. m.. aifnt reialilin in Kcy( We.-t antil 900 p. m. Sunday following, and at that time leave
on the Steamis!ip *i)lveiv-'. arriving, Havana Monday morning.
For tcoy of I'al time cad. address any Agent.


MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.
SPaseeger Servrle
ida To make lost "onnec-
F loria C tons with steame -leave
Newvv Yorlc Jacksonville (Uni de-
pot) Thursdays N:15. m.
Phila- (S. A. L. By.) or Per. -n-
dinsa 1:30 p. min., via CL n-
delphia berland steamer; me.ts
delp ia & en route, or "all rail" v.A
1 Plant System at 2:00 p. m..
iBrostow n ar. Brunswick 6:00 p. m.
p 'sseungers on arrival gob-
From Brunswick direct to directly aboard steam
New York. er.
PROPOSED SAI&lINGS for Nov.. 1900.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWIC GO DIRECT TO NEW YOR. LEAVING EVER
-N...................... Nov. 16.S. 8. RIO RANDE........ ....
S. 8. COLORADO.. ...............-.....- .. .. ...Nov. 23.
S. S. RIO GRANDE .... ...... .. .. ... ........ .... .... ..Nov. 30
8. S. COLORADO .. ........... ... . ... .ec. 7.
S. S. RIO GRANDE .............--...................... ... Dec. 14.
For lowest rates, reervations and full Information apply to
BASIL GILL, Agent, 220 W. Bay street. Jacksonville, Florida.
H. H. laymond, Agent, FecardiSn, F*.
C. H. MALLOIY & CO.. General Agents, Pier 21. E. R., New York.


W "NEW RIVA L"


Between Jacksoaville, Pable Beach and Mayort.


_^_____~_~_~ _








aW TTHE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.





Simon Pure Fertilizers
-ARE -



s Time-Tried and Crop-Tested! w

Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the



GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.


If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. I has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Ammoniates:
SULPHATE AMMONIA,
NITRATE SODA,
DRIED BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE.
BLOOD AND BONE,
BONE,
TANKAGE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
CASTOR POMACE,


Potashes:
MURIATE POTASH,
HIGH GRADE POTASH.
LOW GRADE POTASH,
KAINIT,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES.
Phosphoric Acids:
DISSOLVED BONE,
ACID PHOSPHATE,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,


Miscellaneous:
SALT,
LIME,
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS,
BLUE STONE,
CAUSTIC SODA,
LAND PLASTER,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON,


OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen
rally.
Tobacco Materials:
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to con
tain all their fertilizing and insecticide
properties.


WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO


E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,


= = = Jacksonville, Fla.


Grew go Heavy.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the lawn fertili-
zer bought from you about the first of
June. We had some good showers
about that time and the grass grew
so heavy it was almost impossible to
keep up with it with mowing machine.
I used the 100 pounds on lawn about
30 feet by 120 at one application. I
shall want some more a little later for
same lawn, as I think they need some-
thing of this kind in spring and fall.
My lawn is St. Lucie grass and has cer-
tainly done well with your fertilizer,
best of any lawn in our town. Some


others here speak of trying it this fall
after seeing what it has done.
A. B. Torrey.
Crescent City. Fla., Sept. 22, 1900.

Different Brands for Fifteen Years.
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville. Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
tres for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Brown.
Manatee. Fla.. Sept. 21, 1900.


Beyond Xy Expectation.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksomtille, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilzer on the L. P. T. Pinery, the re-
sult was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
Very respectfully,
A. M. Temple.
Osteen, Fla.. Sept. 27. 1900.
Gave Entire BStidaotion.
Gentlemen:-I take pleasure in say-


Ing that the fertilizer furnished by
you for the orange groves in my
charge has given entire satisfaction
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage.
Yours very truly,
M. F. Robinson.
Sanford. Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.

Ojus, Fla.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:--Please Inclose me an.
other price list. This fertilizer has giv-
en satisfaction equal to any manure
that has been landed here.
Yours truly, H. R. Soeed.


A High-Grade Fertilizer
MUST HAVE


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"'T1'Hi IDEAL" BRANDS
H AVE TH ES E. E. WW~
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE................$3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.oo per tor.
EAL POTATO MANUR .o.oo p ton IDEAL FLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $8.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................. $3o.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... 3o.oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER ..................$.....aoo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask -for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .IZR COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Wgs Woet Bra d Blood a d BOD, $1&00 per ton. Damavaland Galo. The Ideal Tobacco Prtiliser. 44.00 per ton.