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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00044
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: October 31, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00044
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text



































Vol. XXVII, No. 44. Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Oct. 31, 1900. Whole No. 1396


y74 Ccltan.
Bditor Florida AdgrEltrieot,
Rye is one of the most popular win-
ter crops on the Southern farm, and
Justly so, because it is a very reliable
aot: WtlDs kbsl te st men es -
tremes of temperature than almost
any other crop we have got. One great
trouble with the Southern farmer is,
that he d4 n1t S9w the crop early
enough in the fall. For a rye crop to
do its best, it should be put in the
ground not later than the end of Oc-
tober; in that ease it gets a good start
before cold weather sets in. In all
farm economy the aim should be to
rotate the crops as much as possible.
Rye should, if possible, follow some
root crop, such as potatoes or turnips.
It has one great recommendation in
that it always leaves the soil clean of
cut worms'and all kinds of slugs. You
will also see very few ants in a field
where rye has been lately grown, and
when a crop of it succeeds a cabbage
crop, it has the effect of cleaning up
the soil very much for the benefit of
succeeding crops. In all sections
where plant blight proves destructive
to trucking crops, as tomatoes, egg
plant, etc., a rye crop succeeding these
croa Durifica and clnn nH the as9h
For these purposes alone rye Is one
of the most valuable crops we can
grow. In preparing for a rye crop, to
get the best results, the ground must
be in as perfect a condition as possible,
for it is a crop that must get a good
seed bed to do well In. The land
should be thoroughly well plowed, and
then hgrrowed over and over raain
until It is of the required fneness.
Then run a shovel cultivator as evenly
over it as possible. This leaves small
even furrows where the seed falls on
sowing it. Then, after sowing the
eed, run the same tool the crossways
of the last; this covers the seed thor-
oughly and to a proper depth, and fin-
ish off by running a fine tooth harrow
or eeder across that again. Then, If
at a.. possible. the whole field should
be v ell rolled, failing having a roller,
a guod drag made of two inch plank
will do very well. Now as to the fer-
Stillsing of this crop: One cannot expect
a profitable crop of it unless he gives
It the proper kind of fertilizer, and
plenty of IL
The rye crop Is what is known as
a gros feeder; it will get away with
a lot of fertilizer, but at the same
time will give a good return on the
investment at harvest time. A good
rye fertilizer should analyze S por
cent potash, 8 per cent phosphoric
acid, and 3 per cent nitrogen. 800 to
800 pounds Der acre of this will give
very uantaactory reaulta on our olii
ary pine land of the South. This ter-
tillaer should be applied after the
plowing of the land, so that it will
get the benefit of all the workings to
mix it well in the soil. After it gets
a frost or two, a little topdressing of
nitrate of soda will help to make
good grazing for stock. Care must be
exercised that no stock are turned


on it When it is wet either with dew
or rain, and stock must be put on it
gradually at first; never allow more
than 15 to 20 minutes the first time.
If the crop is judiciously grazed, it
will make a better crop at harvesting
than It lot alone. A great many
farmers grow a rye crop just for win-
ter grazing for their stocks, and then
plow under in spring for other crops
to follow it. This is an excellent plan,
if one can afford it, but very often it
happens that forage is scarce when
the rye crop is ready for cutting, and
it is cut and only the stubble plowed
under. In any case, it is a valuable
crop on the farm, and every farmer in
the land should sow as large an acre-
age of it as possible this year for
feed is going to be feed before the
end of the winter.
Col. C. K. McQuarrie.
De Funlak Springs, Fla.

Farmers' Institute.
Editor Florida Agrlculturist.
5:30 a. m. Monday the 22nd found
your correspondent en route to Titus-
ville to attend the Farmers' Institute
arranged for by the management of
the Florida East Coast railway for the
benefit of agriculturists along the line
f p8aa- I'rwalsua mootinga w"For hioail
at Cocoa, Jensen, Palm Beach and Mi-
ami. Owing to the lack of interest
taken by the inhabitants in agricultur-
al pursuits, Titusvllle being practical-
ly supported by the fishing interests,
it was decided to proceed at once to
Daytona, where a large and enthusias-
tic attendance was had on the follow-
ing day. comiiiriMfB & IBif fing, aftF -
noon and evening session.
The speakers making the tour of the
country between Miami and Daytona
consisted of Dr. H. E. Stockbridge, of
the Lake City Agricultural College,
also Professor Hume, of the Botanical
department. Mr. S. H. Galtskill, of
McIntosh, Fla., and Mr. George L.
Taber, president of the Horticultural
society; Mr. McCarty, of Ankona, an
expert in the culture of pineapples,
and Mr. W. S. Hart, of New Smyrna,
whose specialty is orange culture,
were also among the party. Prof.
Hume and Mr. McCarty were not
present at the Daytona meeting ow-
ing to pressing dates at their homes.
After the organization of the morn-
ing session Dr. Stockbridge, who is
an encyclopedia of knowledge and In-
formation, addressed the meeting and
explained the object of the Farmers'
Institute and its value to the crop pro-
ducers of the East Coast of Florida.
This was followed by a desertation on
"Irish Potatoes, and How to Grow
Them" by Mr. Marcus L. Smith, an
old and experlcaevd ardavrn, wiLh
has long resided in Daytona.
"The Domestic Hen and the Dairy
Cow," by Mr. E. W. Amsden, was
next on the program and his paper
was given marked attention. Mr. Ams-
den resides at Ormond and is well
known as an authority on poultry.
"Sugar Cane and Florida Syrup"
was the subject of Major J. N. Bus-


sell, or Daytona. who is quite an en-
thusiast on the subject. His earnest
remarks and easy manner of ex-
pressing himself were highly appreci-
ated by the audience.
A paper upon "The Main Food Pro-
ducta of the Hant Coast of Florida "
an Inducement to Immigration and a
Benefit to the Agriculturist," was then
read by Mr. J. Y. Detwiler, of New
Amyrna. president of the Florida
Fisheries Commission, after which
the meeting was adjourned until af-
ternoon.
Afternoon Session.-The opening of
the question box and the replies tend-
ered by Dr. Stockbridge, were of inter-
est and the audience, which had ma-
terially increased, was entertained by
Col. C. C. Post in an admirable man-
ner, his subject being "The Impor-
tance to Daytona of the Development
of the Agricultural Interests." This,
of course, was local in its nature and
the features dwelt upon by Col. Post
were well taken and if acted upon
would serve to add to the prosperity
and wealth of the city of Daytona, the
Pride of the Halifax.
"Shipping and Marketing," by Mr.
S. H. Gaitsklll, of McIntosh, Fla., was
one of the most interesting subjects
lwiougut loroae tire mating A self-
confident manner 'and easy address
satisfied the audience that the speak-
er was at home on the subject he had
chosen for their edification and in-
struction and many of the fine points
in the methods of packing, and the
shipping of the agricultural products
were explained.
"NPW MBfl CrBB7OB." TB1i BBJUUgt
embraced a new explanation of old
ideas rather than new products to be
cultivated, and during the time occu-
pied all were instructed and enter-
tained. The subjects mainly dwelt
on were the possibilities of syrup
manufacture, illustrated by really
practical methods, the raising of cel-
ery. cassava, and other products were
dwelt upon.
Evening Session.-After the replies
to questions were answered by Dr.
Stockbridge. "Planting and Care of
Trees," by Mr. G. L. Taber, was then
taken up. His remarks were extem-
poraneous and pertained more espec-
ially to the peach in its several vari-
eties and the types from which th6#
originated. Owing to the diversified
conditions of soil and climate within
the boundaries of the state of Florida,
it is imperative that certain varieties
should be planted within stated limits
to insure success. To all who know
Mr. Taber, either personally or by rep-
utation, he needs no further introduc-
tion as an authority on horticultural
vubjoito.
The closing paper, "Pointers from
Twenty Years Experience in Citrus
Culture," by Mr. W. S. Hart, of
Hawks Park, was then announced by
the chairman and, owing to the ex-
treme lateness of the hour, Mr. Hart
begged to be excused from reading his
paper, but as the audience desired to
hear it, Mr. Hart complied with their


wNulml anli In sallnor emxtsms fm ith
manuscript, virtually the "cream" of
the article, he did himself credit, pos-
sibly more so than if he had read the
paper as originally intended.
The meeting, after arranging for the
chairman to aDpoint a committee of
live to continue te Institute ana ar-
range the preliminaries for a perman-
ent organization, adjourned, the con-
census of opinion being that these
meetings are for the best interests or
the various communities in which
they have been held and that the
management of the East Coast Rail-
way, in their effort to educate the
public on the subjects in which they
are most vitally interested, are pub-
lic benefactors and should receive the
credit they deserve. J. Y'. Detwiler.
New Smyrna, Fla., Oct. 24, 1900.
*
Sugar Cane and Peanuts or Pinders.
Editor 7iorida Aoricult rst,
o8 much has already been said on
the importance of these two crops in
Florida, that it would seem quite use-
less to conclude that the people need
any further encouragement in order
to make a brave attempt to bring
these crops to the fullest development.
Your scribe has already written a
caror of atrt~hlcs s tbs Brad~stie and
Importance of sweet potatoes, which
have been published in the various ag-
ricultural sheets of Florida and In
Louisiana, and more or less on pinder
production. But in view of the defic-
iency of each, when they can be so
easily and successfully produced all
over the state, and the necessity of
their production, stoutly urien the
importance of keeping the matter De-
fore the people, I am restless. But In
consulting the importance of the pro-
ductional features, I have concluded
to address myself more particularly
to the preparation of the soil and the
cultivation of the crop. And, as to
the preparation of the soil for cane,
that which is deeply pulverized and
thoroughly fertilized (the hammock
and muck lands not excepted, where
needful) succeeds the best according
to my judgment and experience,
and I know that I am not mistaken in
the last. As to width of rows, I would
never advise over five feet, while four
and one-half is sufficient. As to culti-
vation, It alOUli IDe done so shallow
that not one root should ever be
broken. In order to do this, weeding
hoes simply are the tools needed in
cultivation. And if they are always
used just as the grass and weeds be-
gin to crop out of the dirt, the work
is exceedingly light; not half the labor
as when neglected. It is everything
in the world that it needs. Two inches
elop ls all sumoilnt. ind no tool
should ever be employed that would
go deeper. Many farmers never learn
that bedding up the cane at the last
working damages it more or less,
while the more is much more predom-
inent than the less, because in running
out that last furrow with turning
plows, thousands of roots are ripped
up which never are effectually re-









Ma0 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


placed. Every root torn out either of
corn or cane is both a collector and a
conveyer of food to the plant. Not one
sl a mistake of nature, and the man
who tears one out, bleeds his cane and
checks its growth. "Oh, but we bleed
it to save it from blowing down," says
ignorance, "You don't seem to un-
derstand" That, indeed! But did the
thoughts never occur to you that pos-
sibly you did not understand, nor did
the man who first taught you to do it,
understand, aye? Well, did it never
occur to you that in rows even six feet
wide, that corn or cane roots, would,
if undisturbed, fill the soil solidly full
of roots from row' to row-that the
alleys of five feet cane rows would
lack and interlock, forming a solid
mass or rmat, ang tnalt Ulwse o0ts
cling together so tenaciously that no
ordinary wind, no matter how wet the
soil, could ever tear them apart or
break them loose, as they have been
spreading and enlarging and inter-
locking for months, from row to row?
And did the thought never occur to
you that If you cultivated with a
plow, at every plowing you would cut
off and tear up many tender roots and
when bedding out and laying by, you
cut every root in two through the
middle of the alleys, and as that plow-
Ing was so late, they would not have
time to reinstate themselves so as to
give the needed support to the holding
up of the stalk? And that each row
would only have the strength of the
roots confined to its own bed?
Could you never see how the roots
crossing over one row to another and
even beyond would cross over and mat
around the base of the stak opposite
and hold it fast?
Whereas, if kept cut away each row
must depend on Its own roots, and
when your high land gets wet, and
hard winds come, they overturn the
cans. This is my philosophy, and my
experience in putting it in practice,
has satisfactorily corroborated my
philosophy. But you need not come
"butting at me" with your success
in deep plowing and bedding out at
the last working, for if you have ever
made a success by such a plan, there
would have been no danger to greater
success by my plans. But, pshaw, 1
oan't tell you anything about Pnndore
lsw, Rmy 8u4ra lS i ~W f'1ii 8vast"
yet. So keep your houses in order, I
may swoop down on you again soon.
Uncle Wash.
Polk county, Fla.

Too Iweping About Cold.
Editor Flori Aricultrit,
Regarding the several recent freezes
which Prof McKinney reports, (see
Agriculturist October 10th) we wish
to state that they have not been felt
in Dade county. We had a cold wave
in '94 and '95, which hurt our cocoa-
nuts and pineapples, but since then
nothing more than bea an 4 t91om
have been damaged by cold. His stete-
ment is too sweeping. He predicts
that we are going to have a freeze
which will hurt our citrus trees, but
when that freeze comes, our forest
trees which have grown from seventy-
five to one hundred years will be
killed, and every citrus tree he is pro-
tecting under tents, with all the heat
he can obtain from a lamp, trimmed
every three hours, will be killed to the
ground.
No use in trying to make out that
Jacksonville and Palm Beach have
the same climate, for that is not the
case. Mr. McKinney writes a very able
article regarding conditions in his
own section. He should not attempt
to injure a section where he has un-
doubtedly had no experience. In '95,
we lost about ten per cent of our co-
coanuts and had all the foliage
scorched. We lost one pineapple crop
where the plants were not shedded,
guavas and mangoes were more or
less hurt according to age and expos-
ure, many in sheltered places not los-
in a leaf. Citrus trees, eighty miles
north of us at Roseland, behind a
good wind-break, lost neithIr fruit
nor leaves. Of course, even limes
were safe with us. Since then we
have had no cold to hurt cocoanuts.
Nearly every winter there is a sharp


whlte frost on the tnclaimed muck lara pliamoMlum); PrUller, who evol-
land and drained marl prairies, which ved the specific germ of lagrippe; and
sweeps away in a night, hundreds of Bignani, but the great Koch, whose
acres of truck, but it is not often felt name will ever be associated with the
on the high land, 'tis many degrees practical demonstration of the cause of
too warm to hurt a cocoanut, much tuberculosis, has for several years de-
less an orange. John B. Beach. voted much time and study to this
West Palm Beach. branch of germ life.
(We feel quite certain Prof. Me A recent writer observes:
Kinney had no Intention of making "The fact that the malarial parasite
remarks derogatory to any one section. is paludal in its habits, and that the
-Ed.) mosquito is a blood sucker and also
* paludal in habit, is extremely sugges-
Observations on Pecan Nuts And tive of this connection. The idea, how-
Trm. ever, did not take definite form until
Editor oiUa Arwurt. Patrick Manson, in his Goulstonian lec-
tures, delivered in 1806, set forth a def-
Generally the first question about inite hypothesis, based on certain well-
pecans is, how long will It take them sgtanlig s astis, inaly, that tbs ma-
to iear. somn grart tlrm, no gprt- larlal parnaltc poswcscd a flngellnting
ed tree have borne a nut or more phase, that this phase s1 developed
in the nursery row, The time required from the mature parasite, that the flag-
for a grafted tree to bear would de- ella, when formed, break away from
pend more on the size of the stock the parent parasite, and that, when
than anything else. The small two- free, the flagella were capable of living
year old seedling, grafted, would re- as independent organisms. He was
quire five or six years of favorable thus led to believe that the flagella was
growth, with good culture and plenty the extracorporeal phase in the life his-
of plant food to make of a size that tory of the parasite. As it was impos-
it would be desirable to have fruit, sible for the latent form in which this
because a small tree producing organism originated to escape from the
fruit, would be thereby dwarfed, so human body by Itself, it was necessary
after the culture of the usual nursery to invoke the assistance of some out-
treea for this time, they may tie reas side agency. The most proDaDle agent
sonably looked to begin fruit produc- was the mosquito, and Manson sup-
ing. posed that the flagellated body was
Grafts put on large stock, as a sucked, in its latent form, into the
hickory of six inches in diameter stomach of the mosquito and developed
will make a large growth right away. therein. The flagellae then broke away
One such that I put in last January from the central sphere, and in virtue
has made more growth, and is about of their locomotive power traversed the
twice as large as other grafted trees, blood in the mosquito's stomach, pene-
ordinary nursery stock, that have been treating the stomach wall, entered
planted three years. This one of some cell and started the "outside of
which I speak, is on a hickory and is the body" life of the malarial parasite.
now eight feet high with twenty side Manson still believed, however, that
branches a yard or more long. It looks malaria could be air or water borne,for
now as if the trees will produce nuts he supposed that on the death of the
at three year growth. mosquitoes the parasite was liberated
All hickory sprouts about the farm admi citer mnalea rrom tme air or
should be grafted to a first class variety carried into the system in drinking
of pecans. I should hardly want to water."-Gaillard's Medical Journal.
+t f i t h. nt *


YIuYpropagae LLU a e- wU uau
went more than fifty or sixty to the
pound. Size seems to be the chief
requisite for a first class nut, but not
all. Moderate thin shell, not too thin,
as such are apt to crack and the meat
to spoil. Other qualities, such as

readily, productiveness and earliness
of ripening, should also be soughtlfor
in the pecan.
I see so much resemblance in the
nuts of the best grafted trees, that
it leads me to think that there are
more fine sounding names than vari-
eties of nuts, as the Rome and Col-
umbia are alike, the Jumbo and Stew-
art, Jennett and Frotcher's Egg.
Other good ones,as Georgia Giant,Rus-
sell. Pride of the Coast, Lady Finger,
ripen in September.
W. H. Haskell.

Xalaria and MoMslito Theory.
Laveran's discovery or the parasite
which causes malaria was a pro-
nounced step forward in our knowl-
edge of the disease, but not by any
means so radical and important as
the development of the fact, years be-
fore, that the bark of the cinchona tree
was a definite enemy to the malarial
poison.
Daniel Drake, in the early days of
our medical history, was a persistent
student of this almost universally dis-
tributed disease, and in his work pub-
lished years ago with the title "Autum-
nal Fevers of the Mississippi Valley"
he presented contributions which stand
today as almost classical.
The earlier as well as later students,
observers and writers on the subject
have favored the thought that the mos-
quito was in some manner closely re-
lated to malaria. As far back, in fact,
as the beginning of the Christian Era,
writers touched upon the relation of
the mosquito to malaria, and among
the early American writers along these
lines may be mentioned Mitchell, of
Philadelphia; Nott, of New Orleans
(in 1848); and King, of Washington
who published a pamphlet in 1883,
giving numerous plausible reasons for
sustaining the theory.
The mosquito theory has been con-
tinuously studied, not only by Laver-
an in 1891 (he who discovered the ma-


Let the Calamity Lowler go Hide

There are those, and their name is
legion, who profess that they can see
no evidence of improved conditions in
Fritnul: swho take a nsasimilanrs slew st
the situation and who are looking for
a general collapse of the State's ma-
terial interest. Such people fail to
read the signs of the times.
Let us go back a few years. After
a term of years of almost unparalled
prosperity, there came-five and a
half years ago-a disaster that result.
ed in a loss of many millions of dollars
to the State of Florida. Independent
incomes from orange groves were
swept away in a night, prospective
fortunes, depending only upon a few
more years of time and a little more
labor and outlay, were wiped out of
the list of possibilities. Real estate,
that had ban a hails at almost -n.
limited credit, lost its value-and was
not good for a thirty day grocer's bill.
The commercial credit of the State,
which had been equal to that of any
part of the United States, dropped to
zero. If a merchant had money he
could get goods from northern supply
houses, but it was a rare man who
could get a bill of goods on time.
Traveling men were drawn out of
this territory, orders were no longer
solicited and it was freely claimed
that Florida's commercial interests
were bankrupt.
iThat was an actual condition. Has
there been a change? The orange crop
has not been restored. It will not
reach its old proportions for years.
But other lines have opened. People
have turned their attention to other
channels of industry. They have
shown that with the orange wiped out
of existence there is still enough in
the old State to make her people
prosperous and to restore her credit.
Has credit been restored? What are
the facts? Merchants no longer are
turned down when they ask for credit.
Traveling men are thicker in the
State today than in the time of the
height of the orange industry, and
they are selling more goods. Of
course, merchants must find a sale to
consumers, and they must get their


pay for goods sold or they could not
do business.
As an evidence of the truth of this
claim, a recent Issue of the "Dry
Goodsman and General Merchant"
contained an Illustrated article show-
ing that the Hargadine-McKittrick
Dry Goods Company, of St. Louis, had
sold a solid train of sixteen car of
goods to Florida merchants, an the
claim was made that orders now in
and yet to be filled would double this
shipment. On the first of November
last this house entered into arrange-
ments with Messr. J. F. Hormer and
0. I. Robnlaon,t wo well know trav-
eling salesmen, to work this State
These men had up to that date worked
far a PhiladMhla houss, anm the
wmst n a lge ae so u lnoma n~
Later on a thrid man was added.
The boys have had a good bsnesas, as
this solid train of goods sent to their
customers, shows. But these large
sales do not prove that sales of east.
ern houses have dropped. The old
house that the salesmen named left
for the St. Louis concern lost three
men, but has put on seven others in
wue mean time, making ten traveling
salesmen in the State for the two
wholesale concerns, against three less
than a year ago.
iThls is a single Illustration. Does
this bespeak financial collapse? Does
it indicate a dead credit, a dead State,
a final collapse of Florida's prosper-
ity? Let the calamity howlers answer.
Let them explain away, if they can,
which positive evidence of a prosperity
which should make all hearts glad and
encourage every citizen of the State
to renewed effort. The orange industry
will come back, but before it comes
we shall be among the foremost of all
the States in general prosperity.

Angora Goat Broding.
As elvlllation aavane it is i always
accompanied by closer settlement
and a tendency toward better methods
of cultivation, which, of course, in-
cludes cleaning up and improving
pastures that may overrun by weeds
and brush. It is natural that farmers
should wish to do this cleaning up at
the least possible expense, or at no
expense at all, if possible, and so the
ARR-sa g pmt R-s-5 _-Znia =nat-
scavenger against the weeds and
brush. For ourselves, we have a very
kindly feeling toward the Angora
goat, but too much should not be ex-
pected of it. Like other workers in
a good cause, says the Homestead,
the goats have their limitations. For
Instance, sixty head of them cannot
do the work of a hundred, nor can
a hundred do the work of five hun-
dred. Moreover the brush may be
grown too strong and be too far ad-
vanced for goats to work upon and
effectually keep down. This is said
not with the intention of discourag-
ing farmers from keeping a flock of
goats, but with a view to emphaasaing
the need for helping in the scavenger
work if it is to be made effective.
Where the brush is large it must not
be left entirely to goats. Farmers
pretty generally know that a great
amount of brush has to be grubbed
out and trees must be cut down before
shaded pasture land can be well im-
proved for grazing purposes. Yet
when all this is done there is still
enough tender brush left for the goat
as a browser, and too much should not
be required of it or it will not do the
work well, although goats are good
helpmates. Angora goat breeding,
however, may well be placed on a
higher plane than that of merely sup-
plying farm scavengers, although
incidentally the goat is a good
aid in this respect. In a certain way
they are more in favor with many
Americans than sheep or common
goats. They are freer from disease
than the former, and not by any
means as mischievous as the latter,
neither are they of a very roving dis-
position. The real point in their favor,
however, is that they cost little to
keep and sell readily at from $5 to
$7, their meat being delicious and
wholesome. Of course pastures where
they are kept should be fenced, and,
like other live stock, they can be Im-
proved by selection in mating for








61L


TrrP DLCJnhtt~A AI~ULfUI1I~T


breeding purposes, and by good care will only smolder. A little borax put
and humane liberal treatment, all of in the water with which windows
which can be provided at small ex- are washed will help to clean them
pease. It is asserted by those who more easily. It is also good for oil-
know whereof they speak that well cloths. If moths infest the furniture,
-bred goats of this breed will shear they can be removed by dusting the
five to seven pounds of mohair, worth crevices with powdered borax. Borax
from thirty-five to forty cents a pound. sprinkled on clothing and furs which
The sum thus realized for their fleece are kept air tight is a preventative of
55 fai gceeigi tW eost of keep that motha, Silver is easily cleonod by im-
they cannot fall to be a profitable in- mersing in strong borax water ifor
vestment wherever they are properly several hours. The water should be
looked after. At the present time it boiling when the silver is put in. Bor-
is but natural to expect that the An- ax is also useful for toilet purposes.
oras will graudally assume a more Washing out the mouth with it makes
prominent position in farming oper- the breath purer and sweeter. It
atlon than they have yet done, as an cleanses the hair, but only a very little
American Angora Goat Breeders' should be used, as it makes the scalp
Association was formed some time dry. The hair should also be thor-
ago, composed of live men who have oughly rinsed afterwards in clean wa.
already m tt r mLL4 with other ter. Borax curd soaD is very conven-
Dree s or live gstoc The goats will teitt in the household. It is made as
undoubtedly attend to scavenger work follows: Dissolve three ounces of bor-
on the farm to a profitable extent, ax in two quarts of warm water, add
Let the association do the goats full to this two pounds of best yellow soap,
Justice and they will do more and be- sliced fine; stir all together in a jar,
come still more popular, and set In a warm place until all is
4 melted, stirring occasionally. When
eonci JUlds the Bugar (Planter. It is cool it will form a jelly; one
The news has just been given out tablespoonful will make a strong
by Dr. Wm. C. Stubbs, director of the lather in a gallon of water.-Prairie
experiment station at Audubon, of Farmer.
his having successfully cultivated*
species of cane which yield nearly a Improvements at Altamonte Springs.
third more of sugar per ton, besides The orange groves at, and in the
giving a greater tonnage to the acre, immediate vicinity .of Altamonte
than does the ordinary variety of Springs deserve special mention.
cane now commonly grown in Louis- Some of the finest groves and some of
tsr. the largest individual orange trees are
Nothing more gratifying to the su- to be seen here, that can be found in
6ar planters of LoJusl ans uld bayve the country. On the Tucker Cottage
been told them than this, for while lot are several tree that are how
making rapid strides In the various straining under the weight of twelve
mechanical devices for the manufac- or fifteen boxes of oranges, and one
ture of sugar, they felt that the beet small grape fruit tree has on it at
sugar industry had surpassed them in least four boxes of fruit. C. H.
regard to seeWun a betterment of the Brown's tangerine grove is a thing of
sucrose content by judicious seed se- great beauty. Mr. Fogg, who has
election. charge of the grove, has used over
By a series of experiments cover- one hundred props to support the
ing a period of six years past, Dr. heavily laden branches. Obed Foss,
tubbs and his efficient corps have en- who owns a fine grove on the south
deavored to select from a number of side of Lake Orienta, will gather four
Trinidad canes, planted as experi- or five hundred boxes this season,
mant, tI hLeh warn found to b. while at least a dozen other groves in
best adapted, in growth and taheear- thi inliisAIMt4 Yiv'a"iy bamn a Vory
Ine development, to the climate of creditable amount of fruit on them-a
Louisiana. After many painstaking hundred boxes and less. Besides the
comparisons and analyses, it was trees have made a wonderful growth
found that two specimens, 74" and this season, and should we escape
"'T. 05" were far superior to any damaging cold next winter the crop
grown here, they having averaged a or frult nuxt year will remind us of the
sucrose content of 16 per cent. This good old time previous to 1895.
Theioots gy vne ryt dee and 3 M. Lewis has been very busy fo
yield is fully one-third t m great again . Lewis has been very busy fot
a that of the canes now grown in the past few days with a force of men
our tate, and is to be looked at in putting in order and beautifying the
the light of a God-send to the sugar winter villa owned by George Frost, of
industry. Boston, who will arrive within a few
These new canes, besides having days to spend the winter. Mr. Frost
the above mentioned characteristics, is a royal entertainer and very popu-
are long jointed and very hardy lar, so it goes without saying that he
Their roots grow very deep and will not be lonesome during his stay
strong, in fact they are reported t among us.
being the only canes at the station Mr. Lewis has made many valuable
that were not blown over by the and permanent Improvements on his
heavy wind of September 9th. Be- place this season, and his orange trees
sides, the stubble from them attains in his shedded grove are very beauty.
excellent stand and grows with great ful to look at. He also has a small
vigor. pinery of choice varieties that is very
As shipments of these valuable promising. He also had planted in.
canes are now being made to the side his shed along the walks a large
planters throughout the parishes, no number of choice bananas, last spring,
one should fail to avail themselves that have made a wonderful growth,
of the opportunity of procuring a some attaining a height of twelve feet,
bnndle, which will be sent out on ap and several of the plants are now
pileton to Dr. W. C. ntubbe, Audu- fruiting.-Orlando Sentinel Reporter.
bon Park, New Orleans.-Sugar 4 0
Planters Journal. Peanut Oil.
In reference to the question as to
The Valo f Borax. whether the manufacture of peanut
Borax Is an excellent washing pow- oil is possible in the United States,
der. The women of Belgium and Consul Skinner, of Marseilles writes:
Holland are noted for their snowy "The belief here is that the American
linen, and they ascribe this desired re- nut is richer in oil than the African,
suit to the use of borax-a handful and this quality can be increased by
to ten gallons of water. Borax, be- careful cultivation. Little i chale,
Ing a neutral salt, does not injure the either in method of cultivation or price
most delicate fabric. Wat n w ern which average is looked for in Africa. It is
borax has been dissolved Is excellent true that a large part of Africa is be-
to wash all kinds of lace, also all sorts lived to be available only for a crop
of woolen goods, flannel, cashmere, of peanuts, but the native labor,
and blankets. If red tableelothes are though cheap, is lazy and thriftless
washed with borax instead of soap, and hard to obtain when required. The
they will not fade. Starch which is soil is readily exhausted, and nothing
made by using a tablespoonful of bor- is done to restore its virtue. There is
ax and two tablespoonfuls of starch no interior transportation, and the
adds extra gloss to the clothing. Bins- crop must be handled laboriously sev-
ing children's garments in borax wa- eral times before it is loaded for the
ter is said to make them fireproof, port of destination. It will be years
that is, if the clothing catches fire, it before noticeable Improvement can be


expected. I am disposed to believe
that the trade in Marseilles will not
so much speculate on the prospects of
success of American enterprise in this
field as it will wonder why the effort
has been so long delayed." Touching
the process employed in France, the

Consul writes:
"Peanuts are scarcely ever ground
whole. Such a process produces an in-
ferior quality of oil ana a cake or
little value. In fact, many of the nuts
arrive in a decorticated state, after
which the inner or red skin is removed
as much as possible by a system or
scrapers and winnowers. Particles of
the inner skin will cling to the
kernel under all circumstances
and can be plainly seen in the cake.
The greatest pains are taken with ed-
ible oil. For this the nuts are com-
iiiMil7 RP W1il fIIIIIWWllIBI It 191s
mill, and there decorticated by a spec-
ial apparatus in conjunction with vi-
brating and ventilating machinery, the
process somewhat resembling the
wheat-cleaning operations in flour
mills.
"The husking of the peanuts is per-
formed by a pair of grooved rollers,
adjustable in order that the space be-
tween them may be increased or di-
minished according to the approximate
size of the nuts to be husked; The ro-
tation of the rollers is quite rapid, and
the ridges of one of the rollers fit in the
center of the grooves of the other roll-
er. In the first process the husks are
completely crushed, and a good many
of the kernels are also split. This
broken mass of husks and kernels is
then separated by moan. or air our
rents, similar to the winnowing pro-
cess applied to wheat in flour mills.
"Now, if the peanuts used are of
old crop of kernels is llkley to be dry,
and the light, inner red skin of the
nut becomes detached in the first
husking process. A large proportion ot
it is removed in the first ventilator,
and nearly all of that which still ad-
heres to the kernel is removed by the
following process:
"The kernels are passed over a rap-
idly oscillating sieve, the coarse-wired
intiulintl UpTnIltaig truis rem skin, wrls-h
latter is then drawn off by another
ventilating machine. I cannot give
full details of the cleaning process of
the mass which emerges from. the
ground rollers, but my informant as-
sures me that no specially oenotructvd
machinery is employed for this pur-
pose, the whole work being executed
by a combination of oscillating sieves
and strong air currents.
"If the peanuts are of new crop It
is most difficult to remove the red
skin, as in this case it adheres quite
firmly to the kernel, and thus the ker-
nels of new-crop nuts generally go
under the presses with the greater part
of the red skins adhering to them. In
order to more thoroughly cleanse the
kernels before they are prepared for
the presses, the new-crop nuts undergo
the same process as the old crop nuts.
"When the kernels have been separ-
ated and cleaned, they are ground, pre-
paratory to being pressed. The other
pressing takes place in the same man-
ner in which other oleaginous seeds
are pressed, the meal being enveloped
in strong, fibrous mats and subjected
to hydraulic pressure. The restfting
cake is then re-ground the oil remain-
ing In the meal secured as In the Itrt
instance. The oil is graded according
to first, second or third extraction.
"The clarifying is done by means of
filters, and the bleaching, if it may be
termed thus, is done by the admixture
of so-called 'terre a foulon' (fuller's
earth), a highly porous mineral sub-
stance. The oil which is to be treated
is poured ipat large vats and a certain
quantity of 'terre a foulon' is added
The whole is mechanically stirred for
some time, and then allowed to rest
for a certain period, during which the
colouring particles contained In the
oil are absorbed by the pores of the
mineral.
"The husks are of little or no value.
When ground and mixed with cake
(also ground) they form an Inferior
grade of cattle feed. About the only
animals to which they can be fed
without admixture are goats. When
coal prices are very high, a number of


A KANSAS EDITOR SAYS:

"I Use Peruna in My Home
as a Family Doctor."


Ap^^k


Mr. F. A. Dixon,
lm Z at Tenth Street, Kanss City, M..
Mr. F.A. Dixon, Editor Pythian Echo
says in a recent letter to Dr. Hartman I
"Some two year ago I began using Pe.
rnna in my family as a family doctor,
and I have been highly pleased with
the result. My wife has used it fog
catarrh and experienced great relief
My little girl has been siek a number ol
times, and when we used your medicine
it proved a success. I have used it my.
self several times and oounsdr it a very
valuable medicine. Speaking from per.
sonal observation, l consider it a g
investment to keep it in my home, an
believe every man who desires to
11ve suffering, and at the same tim
save money, should investigate th
real merits of your Peruna and other
medicines."
In a later letter he says : "For abow
four years I have used Peruna in m
home for myself, wife and two children
and I have saved many doctor bills.
many times a doam or two of rerun.
taken in time will stop sieknes,which,
if permitted to go for a day, would re-
sult in serious trouble. For grip it is
splendid and can be used successfully
with very young children as well as old
people. I B66 it in my home as a aall-
around family doctor and when it has
been given a fair trial, It has pro e4d an
excellent remedy."
Address The Peruna Medicine .,
lolum'bus. 0.. for free catarrh book.

crushers employ the husks as fuel.
Crushers prefer to use new-crop nuts
(despite the fact that the product sl
often inferior to old-crop oil), as they
extract more oil from them. Decorti-
cated nuts should average 37 per cent.
of their weight in oil.-Bradstreets.
0
8weet Potatoes of Zanzibar.
iWe propose to review, shortly, the
food products grown In these islands
by the natives in a series of articles
which will naturally extend over some
time because of the difficulty of col-
lecting reliable information and also
because we are, as far as possible, en-
deavoring to supplement the informa-
tion by experience which can only be
obtained by actually growing the crops
themselves. Experience should extend
over many years in order that the ef-
fects of seasons and different modes
of planting may be studied. Natives
are remarkably ignorant about their
crops. Even the more intelligent of
the overseers who have been planting
sweet potatoes for 40 years arv unable
to Inform you upon all points con-
cerning the cultivation of the plant
and sometimes cannot even identify all
the varieties. Consequently many
witnesses have to be examined and
each one has a slightly different tale
to tell. We do not, therefore, claim
that these articles are by any means
exhaustive.
Sweet Potatoes, Viazi sing. Klazi,
Batata (Arabic). Ipomoea batatas, be-
long to the natural order Convolvu-
laceoe. The "potato" is the tuberous
root or tubercle, sometimes called tu-


FT F__i _V F--4FLURA









utm THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


ber, but a tuber Is, strictly speaking,
a swollen rootstock or underground
stem usually beset with eyes or buds.
The ordinary European potato is a tu-
ber. The distinction is observed in
the different modes of planting. The
European potato is propagated by
planting a whole or a portion of the tu.
ber, sometimes called a "set" but this
method would be slow and uncertain
in the case of the sweet potato because
the "tuber" being a root contains no
normal buds. Hence the slips or cut-
tings of the stem are planted.
Natives plant sweet potatoes at all
times of the year when rain serves
though the principal season is the
masika or big rains in April or May.
The earth Is moulded up into long,
tortuous beds, two or three feet high
and three to four feet wide and the
cuttings crowded Indiscriminately all
over the beds, completely hiding the
soil. In two to five months, accord-
ing to the variety and season, the crop
is ready to dig. Free sandy soils are
preferred and showery weather. If
very dry weather follows the planting
little or no crop will be produced.
When digging the potatoes the natives
may frequently be observed sticking
In the tops again behind them for a
second crop and in well made beds
this process might be repeated sev-
eral times. No manure is ever applied
for this or any other crop as natives
do not seem to understand its use, and
often the same ground is planted year
after year. Hence large crops of po-
tatoes are seldom obtained, probably
not more than two or three tons to the
acre;
Varieties oi sweet potatoes.
Small 1. Vlaxi Kirihani red
2. Vlazi Kindolo bungalo, white
Large 3. Viazi Klndolo,white
4. Vlasa Kwata, white
5. Viasa Kwata, red
1. Vlaza Kirihant.-This seems to be
the commonest variety. It grows in
about three months, or less.
The potatoes are four to eight inches
long, one to three inches thick. They
are not held in much culinary esteem
as they cook watery but are planted
because they are rapid growers and can
get along with comparatively ttile
rain. The stem is green and branching
leaf, three and one-half by three and
one-half inches, lobed, sinuate on the
margin, base reinform as in all the va-
rieties, apex acuminate; petiole of leaf
six to seven inches long. Vlaza Kiri-
hani bears many flowers which are
white at the top and pink at the base.
2. Viaza Kindola, Bungala.-A stout-
er plant than the last; leaf about
the name liae but five to nMran nlarbe
ionime; noden oi ihe stem, upper parn
of petiole and ribs at the back of the
leaf purple; petiole seven to eight
inches long. This variety also cooks
watery, but is a rapid grower with
plenty of rain. The potato is white and
truncate.
3. Vlaia Kindolo.-This is the slen.
dearest plant .of them all; leaf small,
deeply cleft, five lobed, apex acute;
purple colored about the nodes, petiole
and ribs; potato grows to the size of a
man's arm and cooks dry and floury,
Both this and the two following va-
rieties take five months to mature and
require more rain than Kirhani.
4. Viaza Kwata la Punda.-White,
plant in appearance, and in size re-
sembling Bungala. Leaf entire not
lobed, margin slightly sinuate, apex
acuminate; prominences colored as be-
fore but to a slightly greater extent,
as for instance the whole instead of
extremities of the petiole. Potato
white, larger than that of any other
variety, growing to the size of a man's
leg. It also cooks well.
5I. Tlal IKwata la Punda.--Rd. the
larger of the plants; stems as thick as
a man's little finger, petiole eight
inches long, stout; leaf five inches by
five inches entire, slightly sinuate,
apex acuminate; none of the parts col-
ored. This is the best- cooking variety
and the potatoes grow to considerable
size.
Little forethought, seems to be be-
stowed upon the choice of varieties
though a preference seems to prevail
for the smaller quick growing. Sweet
potatoes are displayed for sale in the
markets all the year round in little


heaps of one to two pounds weight,
each heap selling for one or two pice,
according to the supply. They occupy
only a secondary place in the economy
of the household ranking in this re-
spect with the pulses and grams. Cas-
sava and rice are much more impor-
tant food staples. Sweet potatoes are
boiled with salt and sometimes mixed
with cocoanuut, sugar or syrup.-The
Shamba.
a *
Camphor.
Of all exotics that are used for orna-
mental purposes, none has taken so
kindly to New South Wales as the
camphor tree. On hard, stiff clays, and
in barren sand, and even in paved
yards, this beautiful evergreen can be
found flourishing most luxuriantly.
Nothing appears to attack its foliage
or wood, and if a tree gets too big for
its surroundings and is ruthlessly
pruned, not many months elapse be-
fore it sprouts again, and becomes a
mass of delicate and of fragrant
verdue. Until quite recently
the demand for the well-known resin
of this tree was not extraordinary, be.
ing confined to the requirements of the
druggist; but of late years it has been
used in continually increasing quanti-
ties in the conversion of collodion cot-
ton with the material known as cel-
luloid, which is applied to the man-
ufacture of imitation ivory, tortoise
shell, horn, and a great variety of in-
genious deceptions. It is easy to un-
derstand that anything that can be
utilized in the substitution of artificial
for fast disappearing natural produc-
tion Iha a groat i nturu andal luin tha
tree grows like a weed in so many
parts of this Colony, it is worth while
considering whether local manufacture
of camphor could not be successfully
attempted here.
The following details concerning the
tree and its products are taken from
a special report written in 1897 by
Mr. Leslie H. Dewey, of the United
States Division of Botany, and re-
printed in Kew Bulletin:-
Native Range.-The camphor tree is
native in the coast countries of East-
ern Asia from Cochin. China, nearly
to the mouth of the Tang-tee-Klang,
and on the adjacent islands from the
southern part of the Japanese Empire,
including Formosa and the Loocho
islands, to Hainan, off the coast of
Cochin China. Its range also extends
into the the interior of China as far
as the province of Hupeh, about five
hundred miles from the coast on the
Yang-tse-kiang, in latitude thirty
degrees north. This area, extending
tram 11o dLaCErie to 9- dearee 1 north
lattude and from 1 to as"l degrees'
east longitude, is all embraced in the
eastern monsoon region, which is re-
markable for abundant rains in sum-
mer.
The camphor trees growing wild in
the native range are usually most
abundant on hillsides and in mountain
valleys where there is good atmos-
pheric as well as soil drainage. The
temperature in the greater part of this
region, which is partly within the trop.
ics and partly subtropical, rarely falls
below freezing. The tree is an ever-
green, changing its leaves generally in
April, and therefore the winter temper-
aturb is a factor of more importance
than would be the case with a decid-
uous tree.
Description.-The camphor tree is an
evergreen, related to the bay and to
the sassafras of the United States. In
its native habitat it attains a height
of 60 to 100 feet, with wide spreading
branches and a trunk 20 to 40 inches
in diameter. The leaves are broadly
lanceolate in form, acuminate at both
WiHso and upto, of light gromlU 010F,
smooth and shiny above and whitish
or glaucous on the under surface. The
lower pair of lateral veins are more
prominent that the others, but the
leaves are not as distinctly three-
nerved as those of the cinnamon and
many species of the same genus. The
small white or greenish-white flowers
are borne in axillary racemes from
February to April on shoots of the pre-
vious season, and are followed in Oc-
tober by berry-like, one-seeded fruits
abyut three-eights of an inch in diam-

eter. The fruiting pedicles terminate


in a saucer-shaped disc, perishing aftei
the mature fruit has fallen.
Range under Cultivation.-Notwith-
standing the comparatively narrow
limits of its natural environment, the
camphor tree grows well in cultivation
under widely different conditions. It
has become abundantly naturalized in
Madagascar. It nourishes at Buenos
Ayres. It thrives in Egypt, in the Can-
ary Islands, in south-eastern France,
and in the San Jouquin Valley in Cali-
fornia, where the summers are hot
and dry. Large trees, at least two,
hundred years old, are growing in the
temple courts of Tokyo, where they are
subject to a winter of seventy to eighty
nights of frost, with an occasional
minimum temperature as low as 12 de-
grees to 1( degrees F. The most north-
ern localities in the United States,
where the camphor tree has been
grown successfully out of doors, are
Charleston and Summerville, in South
Carolina, Augusta, Ga., and Oakland,
Cal.
At Charleston, Summerville and Au-
gusta the trees have withstood a min-
umum temperature of 15 degrees, F.,
but they have been protected by sur.
rounding trees and buildings. At Mo
bile, Ala., the trees have grown and
fruited in protected situations, while in
exposed places they have been repeat-
edly destroyed by frosts. While the
camphor tree will grow on almost any
soil that is not too wet, it does best on
well-drained sandy or loamy soil, and
it responds remarkably well to the ap-
plication of fertilizers. Its growth is
comparatively shallow on sterile soils,
lilt undilf xi-r'xl- t -o. itso- It
sometimes grows very rapidly. An in-
stance is recorded of a camphor tree
in Italy a foot in diameter and lk) feet
high, eight years old from ihe seed.
Under ordinary conditions, however,
such a girth is not often attained in less
than twenty-five years, and such a
height is rarely attained in a century.
Under favorable conditions an average
of 30 feet in height, with trunks six
to eight inches in diameter at the base,
may be expected in trees ten years
from seed.
Use of the Tree and itg PrelitLg--
Thi principle commercial uses of the
camphor trees are for the production
of camphor oil. Camphor is employed
extensively in medicine. It enters into
the composition of many kinds of lin-
iments for external application. For
liniments it is used especially in com-
bination with olive oil. It is taken in-
ternally for hysteria, nervousness,
nervous headaches, diarrhoea, and dis-
eases affecting the alimentary can-
al It 1! a agrSla IS Sgag !E = j2 t i
fever and cholera. Camphor fumes
have been used with success in cases
of asthma. It has been used very ex-
tensively to keep insects out of furs,
woolens, etc. In Japan camphor and
the oil are used in laquer work. The
oil is somewhat similar to turpentine,
and could doubtless be used to advan-
tage in varnishes and shellacs. It is
now used in the manufacture of toilet
soaps. In Japan and China it has
been used for Illuminating purposes,
easesbut it produces a smoky flame.
Among the secondary uses of of the
camphor tree the most important is
for ornamental planting. Its bright
evergreen leaves, rapid growth and
long life make it valuable for this pur-
pose. In Japan and China it has been
the principal tree planted in the tem-
ple courts for many centuries, and in
those countries it takes the place of
the historic oaks of England. It has
been extensively introduced into South.
ern Europe and South America for or-
namental purposes.
The wood with its close grain, yel-
1ow e614r, aid aii a tiDtbility to polish,
taking a kind of satin-like finish, is ex.
ceedingly valuable in cabinet work, es-
pecially for making drawers, chests
and cupboards proof against insects.
The leaves and young branches, al-
though they have but a slight odor of
camphor, are packed with clothing or
scatter about unused rooms to guard
against insects.
The tree produces an abundance of
berry-like fruits, which are used in
Japan and China to make a kind of
tallow. The fruits are greedily eaten
by chickens and birds.


SANew Book For Mn

Stpe AwImgermtu Whereft a Fre
Copy Cm Be Obtaned by Ever
leader of ThU Paqr.
For weeks tihe
have been busy
out the enormous
tn of Dr. J. Newton
SM Hatha 's new book-
"Manllnes, Vigor,
-ethe ere dto


For years Dr. thaway has o


pratice almost exclusively to dhsoamem of misb,
nd r tt te has restored am e m
arranged to and
malita ureadm l
W91Wumadd=sto la
For 2 yel Dr.Hathawa has Eonae his
and during that time he hrered moremen
to health, vigor, usefulness nd happiness than
any ten other doctors In the country mbed
Dr. Hathaway trea and arem by a method
entirely his own, dicoered and t
himself and =use exelst.eDr. b y Ism L A
Vriality. Varicoele, Stricture, iood
In Its different stages, BWeeak Baci
all manner of urinary compantf _lWe BoU r
and Sgin Diseases, Brisd aoram
toned men restores lost vitality and makes the
patient a strong, well, vigorous man.
Dr. Hathaway's success in the treatment of
Varicocele and Stricture without the aid if has
or cautery is phenomenal. The patient is trea.
ed by thismethod at his own home without
or loss of time from business. Tise lire
atlon. Dr. Hathaway calls the particular att
ton of sufferers from Vaulocele and trite
pales 27.28s 80 and 31 t his new book.
S case taken by Dr. Hathaway Isr a
him aere paredfroemthepeand tdn
his own laborores uder ls peron
,Dr. Hathiay. Inaker no e. t fey S
wea aeaiselid wfe theone lowfee coversa.
cost of medicines and professional sreesri .
Dr. Hathaway always prefers, when It I poss-
ble, to have his patient ca on him or let
one iterview, but this Is not ssential, a he has
cured scores of thousands of patents a me.
tions of the world whom he has neveree. *
stem of Home Treatment Is so perfe~te that
au faugt the patient called daly at his eM

Dr. natlsaw *a a s,
smaiMO T.ar Para wWa WIrrani.
Splendid stuck of Citrus trees on
rough lemon roots, and also on eoyr or-
ange a rlfolita.
0 Enormous collection
Sand stock of other
rlt trees, Economic
pl a nt s, Bamboos
Palms Ferns Coni-
t fters and Miecellane-
ons ornamentals. 17
U 5 year. Most extensive
col cton of plants and trees In the
Lower South. Send for large elegant'
catalogue
A1liq4*PW DHVE.
Oneco, Fla.


t IFARM-

ERSI
Do you want a good wire fence? It
you do build it yourself with our ma-
chine. You can build it for one half
the cost of any ready made fence on
the market. The machine is made of
steel, and so simple a boy can use It
To introduce it in Florida, we will sell
a few at the low price of $3.50, regu-
lar price $4.75, charges prepaid.
Good agents wanted.
SUPERIOR FENCE MACHINE CO.
187 Grand River Ave.
Detroit. Mich.

Conditions of Successful Cultivation.
-For most of the secondary purposes,
the camphor tree may well be culti-
vated wherever it can be made to live;
but for commercial distillation, and
for the production of wood for cabi.
net purposes, it must De grown under
the most favorable conditions. The
minimum winter temperature should
not be below 20 degrees, F., and this
minimum should be of rare occurrence.
The soil, preferably sandy and well
drained, should be irrigated unless
there are abundant rains. Fifty in-
ches of water during the warm grow!
Ing season is desirable, and much
more may well be used where the air
is very dry
An abundance of plant-food, rich in
nitrogen, is required for rapid growth,
but the kind of fertilizer that can be








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. m


most profitably applied will vary ac-
cording to the character of the soil in
each locality. In the absence of def-
inite information in this regard the
kind of fertiller producing most rap-
id growth of wood in the orange or in
other fruit trees may be taken as an
Index.
Propagation.-Camphor trees may
be grown either from seed or from
cuttings. They are usually grown
from seed as the trees fruit abundant.
ly, and seedlings can be more easily
grown than cuttings. The seeds are
collected at maturity In October and
November and after drying are pack.
ed in sharp white sand or some simi-
lar material to keep them fresh until
the time of planting In spring. About
the last of March they are sown in
drills in the seed bed.
The soil of the seed bed should be
a good sandy loam mixed with about
&i- third leaf aSWIi. TBe leaf Mea
should be kept moist, but not too wet,
and should be shaded from the direct
rays of the sun if the weather is warm.
The best soil temperature for germi-
nating camphor seed is from 70 de-
drees to 75 degrees F. The tempera-
ture of the atmosphere may be ten
degrees higher. Seedlings will grow
well at higher temperatures, 'but are
likely to lack vigor and hardiness.
The seedlings may be grown in pots
which will facilitate transplanting at
anyL ime. or they may be franspelan.
ed in nursery rows early in April when
one year old. Plants two years old are
generally regarded as best for final
planting. At this age they vary from
20 to 40 inches in height.
Planting and Cultivation.-In Japan,
where the law requires that a new
tree shall be set out for every one
cut, they are not generally set in
straight orchard rows, but cultivation
there is performed almost exclusively
by hand labor. There are no records
showing results or regular orchard
planting, hence the distances at which
trees should be planted must be de-
termined by the niae and form of the
trees and the methods of cultivation
and procuring the gum. They may be
set closely in rows about ten feet
apart, and alternate rows cut and re-
set every five years, thus producing
bush-like plants of ten years' growth.
They may be planted in checks ten feet
square, and alternate trees cut every
ten or twelve year or they may be
planted in larger checks, and all the
trees be cut at the age of fifteen or
twenty years.
There are not sufficient data obtain-
able upon which to base definite state-
ments as to the best methods of plant-
ing, or the age at which the trees may
be cut at greatest profit. A recent
English consular report from Japan
states that, "although hitherto the
youngest wood from which camphor
was extracted was about seventy to
eighty years old, it is expected that un-
der the pifAMmat MIiVsflSln "IAMInMAS
the trees will give equally good results
after twenty-five or thirty years."
Camphor of good quality has been pro-
duced in Florida from the leaves and
twigs of trees less than twenty years
old, one pound of crude camphor being
obtained from 77 pounds of leaves and
twigs.
The trees will endure severe prun-
but with little apparent injury. One-
third of the leaves and young shoots
may be removed at one time without
materially checking the growth of the
tree. The largest proportion of cam-
DbMa' IS ODIIe II Dile r mIger
roots; the trunk, limbs, twigs, and
leaves containing successively a de-
creasing proportion. When the cam-
phor tree Is killed nearly to the
ground by frost it sends up vigorous
shoots from the base. It may be ex-
pected to do the same when cut, es-
pecially If cut late in the fall. Ex-
periments are needed to determine
whether this growth may be depend-
ed upon or whether it will be more
profitable to dig out the larger roots
and got Out Oaw sesilung;-A, Ie'l-l
tural Gazette, N. 8. Wales.
(To be Contlnued.)
0
Rules for florida rural otels.
A friend of ours who spent his vaca-
tion in the country made up the fol-


lowing rules for the guests at the ho-

tel he was stopping at. We have seen
some of the kind very similar before,
but these being altogether original
with our friend, we reprodug them:
HOTEL DE DO ALL.
Rules for Guests.
1. Full board $50.00 per week, meals
extra; Breakfast at 5 p. m.; dinner at
6 p. z.; supper 70:9.
2. Guests are requested not to speak
to the Dumb Walter.
3. Guests wishing to rise early will
be supplied with yeast and self-raising
flour at supper.
5. The hotel is surrounded by a
beautiful cemetery, elegantly laid out.
Hearses to hire at 25c. a day, with
electric appliances.
5. Guests wishing to do a little driv-
ing will find a hammer and some nails
in the closet.
6. In case of fire, use soap in the
washstand and go down n toni latno.
7. All jewelry and valuables must
be left at the office, where no ques-
tions will be asked.
8. All hands must be up at 4:30, as
the bed sheets must be used for
table cloths.
9. Three Newfoundland dogs will be
kept in constant use for guests to
wipe their hands on after meals.
10. After July 15th, boarders form-
erly taken by the week will be taken
by the neck.
11. While waiting for miali fail 6 &
listen to the bed tick and watch the
pillow sham.
12. If you are fond of athletics and
like jumping, lift the mattress and see
the bed spring.
If your lamp goes out take a feather
out of the pillow; that's light enough
for any room. Anyone troubled with
nightmare will find a halter on every
bedpost. Don't pick a quarrel with
the clerk: his brother is the chief of
police and his father the mayor of the
town. Don't ring for water; there is
a spring in every bed. At 10 p. m. a
light lunch will be served to all guests;
a candle. toothpick and a glass of
water.
*
TO THE DEAF.
A rich ltay, cured of her deaness and
noise in the head by Dr. Nicholson's
Artificial Ear Drums, gave $1A,00 to his
InatItute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may have them
free Address IlXic. The Nicholson In-
stitute. 780 Eighth Avenue. New York.
4 &
The movement to organize an asso-
ciation to secure deep water at Apalach-
icola has taken definite shape. A pros-
pectus has been prepared by Mayor L.
H. Chappell, of Columbus. Ga., which
has been signed by many prominent cit-
izens of Columbus, Apalachicola and Eu-
faula who agree to enter into the associ-
ation, which is to be known as the "Co-
lumbus and Apalachicola Foreign Com-
merce Association." The agreement has
been signed by bankers, lumber men.
aotamboat sempanisa, msrshanti and
other prominent business men of the
Chattahoochee valley, and the list of
names is quite a strong one, represent-
ing as it does, nearly every industry
and interest in that section.-Ex.
e *
Sam Jacobs, colored, who was tried
last term of the court for the murder of
Charlie McCracken, at Shady Grove.
and who was in jail for the crime, and
with seven others made an escape sev-
eral months ago, has surrendered to the
sheriff. Many efforts were made for his
capture, but unsuccessful, and as an in-
Centive the sheriff offered I"m for his
return, and while often on his track, and
on the point of securing him, he evaded
arrest. With Sam Jones, the last of the
eight that escaped are all behind the
bars again.-Ocala cor. of T.-U. & C.
*
Plans are now being prepared for a
new street railway system in Tampa.
Tampa has had several new street rail-
ways on paper, in its history, so when
this little story began to float around, it
was discredited until somebody vouched
for it The olan ih made public bT one
of the most substantial gentlemen in the
city, although his name cannot be pub-
lished at this time. The new line will
connect West Tampa and the Fourth
ward of this city.-Tampa Item in T.-U.
& C.


Farmers' Attention l

*PQIAM..
SPRING -
GOODS

Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
GEURGIA STOCKS.
PRAYINGQ OUTFITe,
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Bupplie
Poultry Netting .'**#"wW t. T Columbia Bicycles
CHARTER OAK STOVES,
CARRARA PAINT. IRON PIPE, BOILEBM AID PUIIP
WRITE FOR PRICFS.
OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.





Corn, Hay, Oats,

And all kinds of Feed Stuff at Pock Bottom Prices.

Oats, 125 pound White Clipped $1.51

Oats, 125 pound Mixed, 1.45
Corn, IO pound Mixed, 1.22

Bran, pure, in hundred pound sacks .95

Hay, Number I, 92
All F.O. B. Cars Jacksonville.
Realizing that many people are so located that they have
not access to first class feed stores that keep a fresh stock of
feed stuff on hand we have arranged to fill small orders at but
a small advance over large lots,-large lots at bottom prices.
No orders filled except where accompanied by the cash. Pri-
ces good for 15 days. If prices go lower you get the benefit.

Florida Grain & Feed Co.,

Lock Box 464, Jacksonville, Fla.
This firm will fill all orders as advertised E.O. Painter & Co.


FOR SUMMER AND PALL
--- PLANTING
THE ORIFFINO BROTHER'S CO.,
SEED kJackwvlle, Pae.
THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
ana sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
71ar fm i Mn 1 n JanDlication. Address
b4fi:, tmity ltfiy.- : "e n-r THE dI gRPPING ~6RfTlER's Co.,
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jacdsaville, Fae.




$4.00 for $2.00!1
Seed you must have to make a garden, and the AGRICULTUeRnm you should have to be a
sucesful gardner. You can get them both at the price o0 ode. Send us one new mubseriber
and $2 and we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of

GRIFFIN BROTHERS.


Deans, Extra Barly Bed Yalen-
tine.................. .10
New Stringless Green
Pod...................10
Dwarf German Black
Wax................ .10
Burpees Large Bush Li-
ma.................. .10
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip...... .. .... ...... .5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield ............ .5
Early Summer.......... .5
to guimg'a 1I eu0 1 .. .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery, Golden Self Blanching..... .10
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5
Long Green Turkish.... .5


DgEg Plant. Grllng's Improved
Thornless.. ...... ....
Lettuce, Big Boston.........
Onions, Red Bermuda.........
Grifing's White Wax....
Peas, Alaska.. ..............
Champion of England....
Peppers, Long Cayenne........ ..
Ruby King.. ........
Radishes, Wonderful ..........
Griffing's Early, Scar-
let.. ...............
E arley Scarlet Erfurt....
Tomatoes. Beauty............
1 11a1y Mfker .....Z -
Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball....
Pomeranian White Globe

Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede....


Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.








654 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


J---iL m.Tjj. DRPArmECNT. without loss of time, so that It will not chemical nature of the product and to
All communications or enquiries for this de- turn sour. It must be dried quickly, the object to be obtained. It will be
apartment should be addressed to and yet the heat must be regulated necessary to describe the preparation
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, and kept below charring temperature, of each of the animal fertilizers in
S t vile, as charring would be accompanied by detail.
Fertiler Dept. Jacksonville, a. serious loss of nitrogen. The dry- Dried Blood.-The blood from the
ing must be carried to a point where different killing benches and beds is
Blood and T'akage. the moisture left will be so small that collected in troughs and pumped into
The di oal of the offal arising the material can be safely stored with- a large vat in the fertilizer factory.
South heating. From this vat it is turned into smaller
from the killing of hogs and cattle in out heating.
the early days of the packing business Before going into the details of pre- vats, where it is cooked until the al-
n Chicago ways prolklln. he ipack- paring animal fertilizers, a short buminous substances contained in the
In of those iavca were not aware of. sketch, showing the disposition of the blood are coagulated. From
r of those nva were not ware o arious asD at o the animal will not l1hu1e Rauiag *ats t ln asaEn a Rns
offal as a ertler, am iss. as It aid in gWing a clear piesses, where it is pressed in a Boom-
Sof lt at tfertilat se and was the reception of the origin and nature er press and about 50 per cent of the
every-day question. The blood was of the various fertilizer products. moisture is pressed out. The press
allowed to run into the river, but the The average steer will weigh 1,500 cakes still contain a large percentage
heads, feet, tankae and other waste pounds, and will dress about 54.8 per of moisture. After running through
hald not so easily be adisosed ofst cent gross weight, or say 630 pounds a picker to break up the cakes, it is
The plan most generally adopted was dressed beef. The remainder, consist- fed into Anderson dryers at such a
to haul the refuse out on the prairies ing of hide, head, horns, feet, heart, rate that the dried product contains
and there bury it in trenches, and liver, hoofs, blood, entrails, etc., is less than ten per cent of moisture
this was the custom, when the value broadly known as offal, from which The Anderson dryer is heated by hot
of the waste wasrst appreciated by the various bi-products are made. water and steam. The cylinders are
some few, who dg p this offal, Pounds. traversed by a conveyer (endless
some few, who dug up The hide will weighgreen about.. 7 screw) which keeps the contents in
hauled it to their factory and there Talow ........ 75
oonvorted it into lue,. oil, tallow and Head andlaws .................... ...... 20 constant motion, thus preventing loss
fertilizer. Horns and pith ................ -2% plied, and when ready to be shipped
Later, instead of having to pay for Hoofa ......, and whe ready to be shipped
hang t away, the packers wee Paunch2 Is ground and bagged..
hauling It away, the packers were Content.s 75 Tankage.-The product is made
glad to give offal to anyone who Heart, liver, lungs, aret 30
would cart it away from the slaugh- Blood, liquid .................. ....................... 0 from the various offal products, and
Raw tallow, trimminhar cntrails,pccks, as before indicated is a mixture of
terhouses without expense to them. etc -.......-........ xo blood, bones, meat scraps, and other
Small factories were started in the The average hog weighs 234 pounds waste albuminous matter. The cook-
neighborhood of Thirty-ninth street and will dress 70 per cent, or 165 ing is conducted under a pressure of
and Ashland avenue, where the blood pounds dressed weight. The offal 20 to 25 pounds of steam for 6 to 8
and offal were converted into fertilizer, comprises: hours in h u g e upright tanks.
the demand for this being almost en- Pounds. The raw material being perfectly
tirely from the East. The product heart, liver, lungs, head, fat, etc ......... 33 fresh. there s no trouble from foam-
was high in moisture, and in poo Bilood .id ............................. 5f.....es
^sC Leaf lar---- .....--- Ing, and the tanks can be filled to the
mechanical shape. The bone tankage Entrails and waste -- 23 top. The cooking accomplishes three
manufactured by the glue makers and The average sheep weighs 100 desirable objects; (a) It transforms
others, however, was in fair condition, pounds, dresses 50 per cent, or about the raw product from an easy decom-
and was largely sold to farmers di- 50 pounds dressed weight. The various posed mass to a comparatively stable
rect as a fertilizer for winter wheat offal Darts will weigh about: form, so that it suffers no loss by fer-
and general crops, bones at first being Pouns. mentation during the process of dry-
crushed under a crude wooden trip pelt .. d t i
hammer. There was too much money Blood, liquid ...... i) The c ed roduc s mre
IHn the manfeart, liver r ....................... ..................... 4 easily dried and ground. (cl The
in the manufacture of fertilizer under nBtrais, etc..................................... 20 greater part of the fat is removed,
these conditions, however, and some Head ........... which allows the soil waters to ne
of the firms engaged in this business Taow .............................................. which allows the soil waters to pne-
became involved in quarrels among Only a portion of this so-called offal trate it more readily. A portion of the
themselves, and began to bid for the is used in the manufacture of animal soluble non-congulabie nitrogenous
product, a condition of affairs quite fertilizers, as some of the parts men- matter dissolves in the condensed wa-
acceptable to the slaughterers. tioned under this head have a com- ter in the tank. This valuable nitro-
Up to this time the packers had nev- mercial value in their natural shape. genous liquor is used in preparing con-
er considered handling the product The hides and pelts are sold to the centrated tankage.
themselves, and It was not until about tanner, the horns and hoofs to button If boiling has been properly con-
1877, when a homemade direct heat and comb manufacturers, trips to ducted, the fat soon rises to the sur-
drier was perfected, that one of the the provision trade, the stomach of face and can be drawn off. The cook-
packers decided to go into the manu- the hog, the pancreas, gall and many ed albuminous matter lies on the bot-
facture of fertilizer ingredients. In of the other glands go to the pepsin tom of the tank. It is dumped into
the meantime, very comfortable for- factory. The intestines are used for large wooden vats, situated just be-
tunes had been accumulated by the sausage casings, the bristles go to low the lowest level of the tanks. The
pioneers in the fertilizer business in the brush maker, hair to the plasterer agitation during the process of dump-
Chicago. They had, as near as it is and thigh and shin bones are used for ing relieves a certain amount of fat
possible in this world, been getting knife and tooth brush handles. Some that was held mechanically between
something for nothing, and had profit- of the blood is preserved and sold di- the layers of cooked matter. The con-
ed by it immensely. From now on, rectly, and the hearts and livers are tents of the vat are allowed to settle,
however, they did not have so easy a sold as such. so that this fat can rise, after which
time. The product had a value, and The contents of the intestines is the vats are skimmed, the tank water
the small packer, even if he did not washed into the sewers and the goes to the concentrator and the solid
work up the offal himself, could sell paunch manure is pressed and used matter to the press, steaming hot, The
it for something. The large packer saw as fuel. It is proposed to use the semi- large quantity of hot tank water re-
in the manufacture and sale of this digested contents of the paunch in moved by pressing, mechanically car-
product an opportunity to sell his pork the manufacture of paper. All other ries a further amount of fat out of the
and beef at a closer price to the trade, parts of the offal comprise the pri- cooked tankage. The final drying is
was thus enabled, by larger sales, to mary waste due to slaughtering, and conducted in the Anderson dryer. The
develop his business faster, and on form a portion of the raw material dry product contains less than 5 per
a more secure foundation than his less for tankage. cent of moisture, is in good mechani-
economic neighbor. In fact, the util- When beef is cut up for canning pur- cal shape, and can be stored for any
Isation of packing house offal in the poses or for pickling and drying there length of time without decomposing.
manufacture of glue, fertilizers and is a plentiful supply of waste or offal It is solid in crushed form-that is,
kindred products has been of prime In the shape of bones and trimmings. as it comes from the dryers, or
Importance to the building up of the In pork packing, the feet are sold ground, as the trade may require.
great provision and dressed meat bus- directly when there is a market for Bones.-These are cooked in various
ness of Chicago. them, but some are boiled for glue. ways, producing one of the several
The processes used by slaughterers, The sides and back are also steamed commercial fertilizing products
glue manufacturers and renderers in tanks primarily for the production known as raw bone meal, bone meal
for the conversion of waste animal of prime steam lard. The highly ni- or steamed bone meal. Bones suitable
matter into fertilizers are compara- trogenous membranous material left for handles, etc., are treated separate-
tively simple, but required great care after rendering the lard is a valuable ly. In preparing raw bone, the bones
and experience on the part of the op- material for mixing with tankage. are cracked and then thrown into
erator to secure uniform and satisfac- The steam cooking leaves the mem- boiling water just long enough to
tory results, and to prevent the loss brane soft. loosen the adhering particles o meat
of combined nitrogen during treat- It will be seen that the raw material and the fat. The less time they are
ment. Chemically, there should be no at the disposal of the fertilizer depart- allowed to remain in the water the
loss of combined nitrogen In the con- meant, comprises three main classes: higher will be the nitrogenous con-
yrrrnln ot animal fti~- .?_ ~r~ _lnA._ h sn;i afnd a mltilr nf tbano. tents. On account of the presence of
ser, ir the manufaciure is propily i ooW, meat, scraps and slaughtering ptutwa f al ktu HRItEr u Pge la, r
carried on and the material put into offal. Hoof meal and concentrated matter, raw bone cannot be ground sat-
process before It sours. tankage are necessarily considered by isfactorily in an ordinary mill with-
Mechanically, however, there Is a themselves. Speaking broadly, we out first being run through a bone
small loss in the waste liquors, which may say that all three classes enum- crusher.
are so dilute that the expense of evap- rated receive similar treatment. The Steamed Bone is the product of the
orating and handling would exceed raw material is cooked, pressed and glue works. It Is obtained in the reg-
the commercial value of the recovered the pressed residue is dried. The ular process of glue boiling. Cattle
nitrogen. It is of the utmost import-'amount of boiling and the manner of heads, feet. large knuckles, pasterns,
ance that the material be handled conducting it is subservient to the Continued on Page 661,


Thousands Have Kidney Teomsa
and Don't Know it.
Row To aind Oat.
Fill a bottle or common glim with yor
water and let it stand twenty-four hours; a
sediment or set-
tling Indicates an
unealthy condl-
tion of the kid-
oysy; If it station
your linen it is
evidence of kid-
i mur trouble; tw
rrquwt am*@ to

convincing proof that the kidneys aad bd-
der are out of order.
What to o.
There is comfort in the knowledge
often expresd, that Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-
Root, the great kidney remedy fulfills every
wish in curing rheumatan, pain in the
back, kidneys lvr. bladder and every part
of the urinary passage. It corrects Inability
to hold water and scalding pain in paying
t,. or bad effects following us of liqur,
wine or ber, and overcome that upleiaat
necay of eming empui to g9 aM
during th day., and to get up many ttim
during the night. Thoemldand the A ra-
ordinary effect of Swamp,-Root I om
realized. It tands the high for its wea
derful cures of the most distremin can.
If you need a medicine you should hae the
best. Sold by drurgrt in 50c.and$l. aios.
You may have a sample bottle of thi
wonderful disco
and a book that tel=
more about t, both sent
absolutely free by mal,
address Dr. Kilmer & w~ as -
Co., Binghamton, N. Y. When wrileg mM-
tio reading this pgnrous ar In thispap.


SUGAR LAND FOR SALE.

A desirable tract of land, admirably
adapted to cane or orange culture, 6
arpents front by 44 depth, a portion
of the old Nairn sugar plantation, sit.
uated on the west bank of the Misdas-
sippi river about 00 miles below New
Orleans.
The place sl well drained, It being
cleared 16 arpents deep, and having on
it about 2000 small orange trees and 8
arpents plant cane. A comfortable
dwelling house, a large barn and a
number of head of live stock completes
the equipment of the place.
Should one desire to raise cane, a
ready market can be had for same, as
a railway connects it with two large
central sugar factories. For terms ap-
ply to.
MRS. J. Y. GILMORB,
520 Poydras street. New Orleans.


The Tangent Fruit Bru ers.
PATENTED.
These machines will thorouglhy
clean oranges from the smut caused
by the white fly or other insects. They
will also Improve the appearance of
even the cleanest fruit, giving It a
high polish. They can be used either
dry or with water, and will not dam-
age the fruit.
They have brushed over 10,000 car-
laods of these fruits n California
where they are extensively used.
Circulars on application.
WRIGHT SIROTHEBR
Bieraldce, Ck.

BI-SULPHIDB OF CARBON.
Vor use in granaries to kill weevil, to de-
stroy rate and gophers and to keep in
sects from the seed. etc.
ao CENTS PER POUND,
out up In ten and fifteen pound cans
Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E. 0. PAINTER t CO., Jackfaisveo.








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

LZOAJt- D' MMLw. will completely cover itself with its Books Reoived.
BY W. g. B, pretty pink blooms, a tiny little ten- We have received from the publish-
ril from the ends and sides of the U
SWITZRAND F LORIDA bloom attachingtself to anything er, The MacMillan Co., Fifth
can twine around. Avenue, New York City, the flret and
os0 a.f They make up in bouquets very second volumes of their new "Cyclo- The Warning
About a year ago w wrote out or prettily with white and yellow Roses. pedia of American Horticulture," by cough is the faith-
expeAbo t a year ago we wrote oLast the vine grows readily from seed, but Prof. L. H. Bailey. fl sentinel. Itills
experience with Cosmos. Last year we the best way is to send to some florist Bailey. i sn e1. s
did not get a blossom until the last of and get the roots: it has a bulbous The set consists of four volumes, of of the approach o
September or in October. root and will start to growing and wlich two are now ready. The price COBfliUmption'
This year the ground were our C blooming so much sooner when one is five dollars each or twenty dollars which killed
mos grew last year was not plowed ha the root. It oes not seem partic- for the set. The books are very large; more people
ular as to soil and stands the strong than ar and
up until very late. In March volun- sunshine well. Gypsy. the first volume contains 510 pages thsn c and
tary seedlings began to come up. The Manatee County. and the second 544, each seven and pDeastlene o
soil beinp ate hard they did not one half inches by ten and one half. ined. It
sola hnthsny Wa'ir. WWe recvinnjuuded this n t a c t, B SiO'In
grow rapidly. The latter part of April dior A B De Wrtmet -r weeks ago, without having seen a hfW o f pa wef
they began to bloom. Early in May Having seen a p a weeks ago, without having seen a Uh t, o
being desirous of plowing the land, we growing wild along the borders copy, on the strength of what we trots bro
moved a lotu of these feeding t ns, moe Spire growing wild along the borders had heard from friends and from our chirti, sd pneO-
moved a lot of these seedlings, most of swamps in Ohio, years ago, I came knowledge of the editor, Prof. Bailey. monl. Do noer
of them in bloom, to another bed to the conclusion that that species of Having ex ined thee e two volumes, onuffl D not
where the aoll was loose and heavily shrubs would hardly thrive in a dry the others are not yet ready, we feel suffer Qther
fertilized. They soon began to grow situation, much less in the sandy suthe ther a e not et ready we eel day. It's useless,
freely and stopped blooming. They did soils of the South. Yet as they are sure that any one who is Interested n for there's
soils of the South. Yet as they are flowers and flowering plants, who is prompt ad afe
not begin to flower again until in Sep supplied with an abundance of roots flower ad oweng plants, who s prompted
tember. On the old bed, after it was that ramify all through the ground, I able to invest the money in a set of CUtr. It
plowed, a great many seedlings of have since seen several kinds growing this Cyclopedia will never regret the
Cosmos came up and were allowed to in dry clayey soil, without showing purchase.
grow. None of them blossomed until any indications of the effects of It aims to describe every plant
drought. I have also seen five vari-
September and now, the middle of eties growing in Florida, none of known to be in cultivation in this
October, are n full glory. Iome plants which showed any signs of sun scald. country. With each defrrlotioL! is slv-
this year have grown to be from eight Among the old favorites of their kind, en the native country aad usually very
to ten feet high. For those who have there is none, I apprehend, that com- full directions for cultivating and
bines as many desirable qualities as
room to grow it, it will not do well if Anthony Waterer, of recent introduc- propagating the species.
crowded, few annuals will make so tion. Flowers are nearly half an inch Under each subject is found full di-
great a show as Cosmos. in diameter, five petaled, of a bright reactions for making hot beds, build- which cures freh COlds
S* crimson color, and growing in im- ing green-houses and caring for tlhenu. and coughs 1n a single
Mie~ao M Sylvestria. mense umbels, from which there is a n a t night and maters chronic
One of the plants advertised by the succession of bloom most of the time ine es with a s lstra d br chriti
florists this year for the first time, during the growing season. The afore- tions are devoted to green-houses. cough timnd onchits i
that has given me great satisfaction, said shrub, one of which now decor- Cuttings. fully illusrtateld occupy on m 8 8 Consump-d
Is Nicotiana sylvestris. We started ates my grounds, was transplanted to nearly four pages, besides whi.-h there (o is surely and cer.
them from seeds this last spring. The its present position a year ago last pifi itio for eat tainly prevented, and
seeds are very small, but of good vi- winter. It bloomed almost constantly f o or creating t cured, too, if taken in
tality, but the plants grow slow at for several months during the first tings of various plants, specially ime.
first, though when well established and second seasons of its present loca- among which we notice those, for A 2Sc bottleforfresh
they make large, showy plants.. tion, becoming more attractive as it growing young plants of Rex Begon- cold; SOc. se for older
Stems are stout, an Inch or more in increased in size and eliciting the ad-lan b cold; 50. sie for older
diameter and but sparingly branched. miration of many beholders. The firm as which are made very plain by colds; $1 size for chronic
The lower leaves are very large, two from whom I procured it speak thus three cuts, showing how it is done. coughsand consumption.
feet long and one toot wide, and lasp- of its merits: "After growing this va- Grafting and budding occupy nearly Il amy& amossuseerA
Ing at the base, and a plenty of them, riety for several years and seeing t five pages and the illustrations alone Chrry PCOII e= s a Im .
too. grow and bloom freely under the most show the mode of operation so clear ld I ke a ta ttle
The crowning glory is the clusters adverse circumstances, we have no JAUs 0. BQooo,
of flowers. A large bunch of buds hesitancy in pronouncing it one of the ly that the veriest novice should have Oa.L aseur imrao,ra s.
numbering a hundred or so at the most valuable shrubs." With which no trouble in learning the art. Though W ie the Dowc. Ifm haTe
summit of the stalk is the first indi- sentiment I most heartily concur. M. in this case, as well as most others, eshatlritawi wS L tAD
cation that the plant is about to flow- C "Practice makes perfect." frly. rAddi
er; these are pushed up about five or ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS Te object of Horticultur of .J.c.Asm.a e.
six feet, and the individual flowers dor Flora Depart t. course, eceives special attention,
begin to open and one cluster will last course, receives special attention s-
for weeks. Unlike Nicotiana affinis, I have at rare intervals seen a small enteen pages being devoted to it. In
the flower of N. sylvestris does not shrub bearing flowers of perhaps an enteen pages being devoted to it. In
close during the day,but they have the inch in diameter, of a deep blue color, addition the Horticulture of each
characteristic fragrance of N. affnis, called Eranthemum. Can you inform state is written up separately, that of amacGiett is well known to all the
though in a lesser degree. me as to its nature? Particularly as Florida covers two pages, the author old orange growers of the state and the
Flowers of N. Sylvestris have a to whether it is a frequent bloomer being ro. P. H. Rolt, formerly of fact that he has such a large foreign
slender tube three inches in length, and as to how much cold weather it e Florida Experiment Stationer o trade peas wesu r hsa lare and
enlarged near the upper end but con will stand without injury. As true the Foria Experment Station. Themanagement of the nursery business.
tracted again at the base of the cor- blue flowers are so rare, I hope that description of, and directions for the Orders trusted to him will receive
olla. Corolla is an inch or an inch and it is one that is not over deliacte. M. cultivation of, many flowering and or- prompt and careful attention.
one-quarter in diameter, with five re- The above mentioned plant was namental plants peculiar to Florida *
curved lobes. Lobes of corolla ob- quite widely distributed throughout have been written by such experts as BEWARE OF OINTMENTS FOR CA-
tuse, not so deeply lobed as in N. Florida many years ago by Reasoner Mr. Thee. L. Mead, and Mr. E. N. TARRH THAT CONTAIN MER-
afinis. CUY,
Withal it is an ornamental plant, Bros. It was at first catalogued as Reasoner. CURY.
as mercury will surely destroy sense
both in the foliage and flowers, well Eranthemum pulchellum but after- Our readers will need no father as- of smell and comply ely derange the
worth growing where one has plenty wards as E. Nervosum. The Cycloped- surance that these portions are accur- whole system when entering it through
of room for it to grow. Is not fastid- la of American Horticulture gives the ate and valuable, the mucous surfaces. Such articles
ions as rgards soil but thrives on
very ordinary garden loam here. true name as Daedalacanthus ner- The first volume covers only the the mucous surfaces. Such articles
should never be used except on pre-
Anemos. vosus. first four letters of the alphabet, A scriptions from reputable physicians,
(Subscribers who care to try the By whatever name it is called it is to D. The second adds nine more, E as the damage they will do is ten fold
Nicotlana described above, will receive a very handsome plant when in bloom, to M, or just half. to the good you can possibly derive
a package of seed by sending a re- The growth is rather coarse and We have not had the books long from them.by Has Cathrrh Coe, mano
ufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Tole-
quest and enclosing a stamped envel- weedy. Its habit is to bloom in winter enough to have become familiar with do, 0., contains no mercury, and is
ope, to I. G. Noyes, 12 Mondamin and early spring. Since we have had all their contents and of course in taken internally, acting directly upon
Court, Somerville, Mass.-Ed.) such a succession of cold winters it such a brief review can only touch up- the blood and mucous surfaces of the
0 has been seen in bloom but seldom- on the most prominent points, system. In buying Hall's Catarrh
utlsu It us. It I~s rather tender, but a light frst 0 Cure be sure you get the genuine. It
tiThe~ IISed tQa s a veryIt is rather tender, but a light frost c ee is taken internally and is made In To-
The above naoped plant is a very keyeIs taken internally and Is made in To-
fine cllmber, the blooms are a beauti- will not kill it. lode Ohio, by F. Cheney & Co. Tes-
ne climber, the blooms are a beauti- nMr. M. L. Gillett, of Tampa, who is timonials free
ful shade of rose pink. I have heard Mr. Reasoner says it will stand Mrone of old time orange growers iof sree.
one of the old time orange growers of tondabs free.
it called "Pink Vine." about 32 degrees or if in the shade a Marion county, writes us as follows:- bole by Druggists, pri 75. per
I was somewhat surprised the other little more. Probably it would pay to "My nurseries are in the southern part Hall' Family Ps are the bet.
day at being asked "What do you call of Marion county and there has never
that vine you have covered so with grow it in a tub or large box which been any white fly in that locality. I 1 e
pink blooms, what is it?" I say I was could be brought under cover on cold am one of the oldest and largest exclu- TCess-How did you enjoy yourself at
surprised because I thought everyone nights or else give it a tent like an sive citrus nurserymen, having been her wedding?
in the South knew this vine. It is a bloom season in the business continuously for over .ess-very much. Her gown was a
very rapid climber, and excellent to orange tree. Its blooming season I twenty years. I shipped over two wretched bad fit, and everybody was re-
grow on wire netting to hide unsight- quite a long one when not injured by million budded trees to California and marking how poor the presents were.-
ly places; tl e foliage is pretty and It the cold.-Ed, am doing an extensive business in Cu- Exchange.








axe THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


OBID AGBICLTUBI

Entered at the post-office at DeLand, Flor
ida, second Vcia matter.

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WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1900.

'Winter Approaching.
Wtnte tim Is feat aRroachbif and
It will not be many days now before
we can expect a light frost, and later
on, heavier frosts. It therefore be.
hooves those who are thinking of pro-
tecting their groves, pinerles or gar-
dens, to make every possible effort to
get every thing In shape so that when
the cold comes, they will be ready for
It. It is a serious habit of some people
to put off disagreeable work till the
very last moment, and In doing this
they frequently make the task all the
more disagreeable. They are in a hur-
ry and want everybody else to be In
a hurry, but it frequently happens
that "everybody" is also busy with
plans of their own which they do not
feel like neglecting for the benefit of a
slower neighbor.
Last year when the Weather Bu-
reau signalled that a cold wave was
expected there was a general stirring
among some of the protectionists to
get ready for the cold. They had ne.
elected to get all of the lamps that
they needed and they rushed to the
tinsmith for a supply. They found
that others had preceded them and
that they would have to take their
turn. They had not laid in a supply of
oil for their lamps and were disap-
pointed to find that most of the stores
had sold out their entire supply. We
might go on enumerating nearly
everything that is used in protection
In this way. On account of their ne-
glect, some valuable trees were lost
tater conmaoerble time and oxpenea
had been spent to protect them. How
different the picture, on the other hand
of the man who had been counting
time and making full preparation.
When the signal for cold came, it
found him with plenty of oil, plenty of
lamps, and his tents all in shape so
that he was not disturbed in the least,


nor did he disturb his neighbors or the the most part come very successfully;
. merchants. He had simply used his hut pears have been less satisfactory.
Occasionally thee have been pears
head and made his calculations in ad- from the Antipodes that have reached
- vance. this country in a sound condition, but
We hope that this reminder of the numerous consignments have proved
coming winter will put all of those to be of little value, and the commis-
sion agent is never able to speak of
wh9 9ntemplat9 protecting, t9 getting suct h ruits or to gauge their value un-
every thing in readiness and not put til they have been unpacked. The
o it off until the last moment. freight per bushel from Victoria to
S* London, for apples or pears so packed
Sweet Potatoes in Europe. and stored on board ship in cool
As will be seen from the following chambers Is 3s. 60.
"Instead of packing the apples
extract, the Department of Agricul- wrapped In tissue only, in the case of
ture at Washington is trying to intro- several bushels that have recently ar-
.duce sweet potatoes into the markets rived .in London by the 88. Wakwood,
or iEurope. ir me ampment rrom a quantltY of ansbeoose, s a pupas-
tion of this substance, has been used.
SNorth Carolina proves a success, there The fruits were wrapped in tissue as
0 is no reason why Florida should not formerly, and afterwards embedded
reap some benefit and export her in asbestos, each fruit being per-
sweet tubers. In sections where Irish fectly surrounded by this substance.
"Upon unpacking the case, the as-
. potatoes are raised as a spring crop, bestos appeared to be caked, but it
large crops of sweet potatoes could was easily broken up, and then ap-
follow with a pretty fair assur. peared almost like flour. We should
n _n o a good y!ld- i hn thu tta, at suDpose. therefore, that the fruits
antinga, a erop or irom three to rour tlons, and this will account for the
- hundred bushels of sweet potatoes per fact that as we saw them they were
acre is generally gathered, when perfectly sound and in excellent con-
raised in this way. This would make edition, although five months had
elapsed since they were packed in the
two crops n one season. We certain- boxes. The apples were gathered and
ly hope that the Department's exper- packed previous to May 5 last, but
iment will prove successful. On this owing to some objection we believe
Subject, the Fruit Trade Journal says: on the part of the steamship com-
"The United Statea Depdrtment of panies there was delay of two months
Agriculture recently sent an agent to or more before shipment, and even
Wilmlngton, N. C., to arrange for a then they traveled by the Cape route.
Wilmington, N. C., to arrange for a The new system, should It answer to
shipment of sweet potatoes to Eng- The new system, should it answer to
land, France and Germany. Readers expectations, will possess several ad-
of the Fruit Trade Journal may re-,antages.1
member that last fall an experimental O e G g n t t .
shipment to London and Paris was Orange Growing on the Eat Coat.
made under the supervision of the I will say I have been a resident of
Department of Agriculture and was Hallandale for the past three years,
voted a success. and during that time I have been
"It is said the authorities are con- a careful observer and a close student
vinced that the succulent varieties of the climate and soil in regard to
I gown In 1IPwth utal!in will fll the cultivation of citurn trees. The
great favor abroad if they stand ship- best years of my life were spent in
ment, and that there are great possl- making an orange grove in Lake
abilities for them." county, only to see it swept away in
4 one night, the accumulation of years
The Orange Xaggott. ruined in a few hours, with" nothing
Mexico produces one of the finest or- left save the land and frozen trees. t
After investigating the claims of the 1
anges that is grown in the world out- lower East Coast, I decided to settle
side of Florida. The orange can be at Hallandale, where I found what I
raised there without fertilizer and considered great areas of land suited t
they come into bearing much earlier to growing vegetables. The thought t
of again planting another orange
than in this state, but Mexican grow- grove never entered my calculations.
ers have their troubles as well as other If I had entertained any such idea, it a
People. They are troubled with the would all have been "knocked out," as t
orange maggott, which is not only the old settlers all declared that or- I
e m w h I n o ange trees would not grow in "these e
worrying them, but is also worrying rocky lands." In some places there
our California friends. On this sub- were a few trees planted; these I
ject, the Fruit Trade Journal says: watched with the keenest interest. To
"The Mexican orange maggott is my surprise, they grew rapidly with I
worrying Californians, and the rail- indifferent culture. I was satisfied
roads are taking steps to keep the that we were below the line of killing
pests out. They will disinfect cars car- frosts, and presently the old-time or-
rying fruit from Mexico to the East ange fever took hold of me and I pur-
as soon as unloaded. The railroad of. chased what I consider one of the best t
ficials it is reported have agreed to pieces of orange land in this section. i
carry no Mexican oranges into Call- This I partially planted, beside sow- d
fornia." ing a quantity of rough lemon seeds. i
My trees and my nursery have done n
We sincerly hope that such steps far better than I anticipated. Others a
will be taken as to exclude the intro- began experimenting on the pine land,
duction of this maggott for it it once and the result of their experiments i
gets a foot-hold in California, it is but has been more than satisfactory. In t
no section of the old orange belt have t
a short distance to us. We hope that I ever seen trees do better than here. c
some law will be enacted to prevent So far as I have observed, there are g
any further introduction of insects no diseases to fight against, the trees a
that are in any way injurious to the make a continuous growth from Jan- v
citrus faily We have rbl uary to January, with no danger of a
citrus fanily. We ave troubles frosts sufficiently severe even to kill o
enough just now. the tenderest growth. The growing of
* citrus trees on the high, rocky pine u
Air-Tight Packing for Fruit. land west from the town has passed ii
An interesting experiment which the experimental stage, and it is now a
has been made recently in Victoria, an established fact that the lands and 1
Australia. in Dacking fruit for shin- climate are oeual to any in the Bin- a
menAt tu Kngiana a is EpaFt a -t as 81I ayiii BJy ofij ,
lows. Dr. Jacobson, of Brooklyn, has had J
r'Apples and pears are now brought ten acres of heavy hammock cleared,
from Cape of Good Hope and from and the planting of citrus trees will w
Australian colonies in boxes holding commence soon. Charles Erickson has tl
a bushel, which are stored on board has a small grove of two or three h
ship in cool chambers. The fruits ncrep mi tilh Dine land (on the went a
are merely wrapped in tissue paper side), which has made a phenomenal si
and placed in the boxes. growth. Mr. Andren is having five tu
"Under this system apples have for acres cleared for the same purpose.


Mr. Sjostrum will also plant a two-
acre grove. Geiger Brothers will plant
five acres. The old "cracker" story
that "oranges will not grow on these
rocky soils" has been dispelled, the
"mists have rolled away," and now
we know for a surety that orange
trees will grow, and grow with a pro-
ligacy unknown to the old 6rBge
belt. While our lands have some
rock, they are all broken and loose,
and underneath there is the old-fash-
ioned yellow subsoil in abundance. As
to pineapples, the high pine lands are
equal to the best for growing this
most delicious fruit
You ask about vegetable lands.
Well, we have acres and acres of as
gasa lana as lis sout s assgp i;7 a"
purpose, consisting of muck, marl and
sand prairies. With a judicious sele.-
tion of land and intelligent cultivation
no one need fail. The past summer
has been one of the most delightful
that I have ever experienced. While
in many sections of the North sun-
strokes and prostrations from the heat
have been doing their deadly work,
here there has not been a day in
aeInIt me any laono1 s saa -as r
work with comfort ten full hours each
day. The nights are cool and pleasant,
which brings refreshing slumber.
There have been no mosquitoes or
other insects.
I would not be understood, or carry
the impression, that one can come
here, scatter a few seeds and reap a
bountiful harvest without constant
care or toil, or that one can plant or-
ange trees and sit idly by for them to
come into bearing, and then sit be-
neath their branches while the fruit
drops into his lap.
Orange trees need constant, and in-
telligent culture, while to grow a prof-
itable crop of vegetables one needs to
"rise with the lark" and fill each day
with labor. Intelligent and thorough
culture counts for as much in this
country as In any other. With these
no one need fear making a fallure.-
J. T. Woffowrd of Hlidlandal, FIj, In
Homeseeker.
*4
Jaffa OrangM in Ja .
Mr. J. N. Bishop, who has been trav-
eling abroad, writes a weekly letter
to the Sanford Chronicle. In his last
better he says:
"'I visited the orange groves, as I
was anxious to see the Jaffa orange
ree in its natural location, and learn
heir method of orange culture.
"'The trees are planted closely to-
gether, and show much dead wood
imong the limbs and in many places
he bark looked unhealthy, and on the
ody of the tree large spots were dis-
'ased and dead.
"The leaves were thickly coated
with dust, as It never rains here from
April or May to September or Octo-
ber.
"The trees are irrigated every eight
lays, the water being lifted from big
wells by horse or donkey power. The
irt is taken away from around the
rees, leaving a basin four or Ave feet
n diameter, and by cutting small
pitches from one to the other, water
s allowed to run to each tree as
needed. A certain number are Irri-
,ated each day.
"The amount of fruit on each tree
s small compared to a good bearing
ree in Florida. The soil is good and If
he trees were cultivated with the
are given in Florida, there would be
greater returns. The orange grower
.t Jaffa has to contend more or less
Iith the cold, and often it is so severe
s to freeze and kill the young growth
f the limbs.
"There are many large .groves now
under cultivation, and this industry
s increasing each year. Many or-
nges are exported with good returns.
'he fruit is of good flavor, delicate
nd vowy palatable when fully ripe
c is said by good Jidgig Iflit {fi
affa orange is equal to any grown.
"Its culture is bringing added
health to this place, and outside of
he old city can be seen modern built
ouses, indications of prosperity, and
changing from the old nyatem thou-
ands of years old to that of the nine-
eenth century.
"A new life has been put into old










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. M7


Jaffa by German colonists who have
located near and around this city, as
well as by others who are making
their homes here, being encouraged by
the profitable fruit culture and other
advantages that are before them.
"My impression of this place for a
home is not favorable. The summer
climate is warm, roads and streets
very sandy and dusty, and many in-
sects to annoy, especially at this sea-
Don Of the year.",

Influence of F]periment t itions.
The influence of an experiment sta-
tion with farmers depends upon the
men composing the staff of station
workers. A capable director, familiar
with the questions that are troubling
the farmers of his state, aided by com-
petent men at the head of the various
departments can in time learn the con-
fidence of the great mass of thinking
farmers and the results of their ex-
periments have a value almost beyond
comnutation. The value of a station
to rasfn sa, says aiMunta reruEman:
depends largely upon the director, who
outlines experiments and maintains
proportion among the various depart-
ments. The stations have boards of
control, whose members usually lay no
claim to the skill and trained informa-
tion that makes a director valuable.
They exercise general oversight, but
usually are too well mf.ormed not to
realize that the work of direction
should be left in hands more skilled
than their own, and that the farmers
look to them to select competent men
to do the needed work and then keep
hands off matters of which they have
no mastery because their lives have
not been devoted to them. Happy Is
the station whose board of control re
allies the need of competent director-
ship for the station, and having se-
cured this, as shown by the attitude
of the farmer toward the director and
hies talf, dOve alt mart L9w a 1ftp of
authority.
In institutions of learning the head
of each department is impressed by the
importance of his department. So in
station work. He magnifies his office.
But the farmers have many interests
and will never take kindly to the
thought that some one member of a
staff of workers is, by some means,
given undue prominence at the ex-
pense of wori in other departments
aunally important. The director that
is pSei itsaa to maalnam proportion
Is handicapped, and the farmers' inter-
ests must suffer as a result.
*
The Crescent City News says that
Dr. H. A. Hastings of that place has
six acres in cassava which from pres-
ent appearance promises much for the
profitable raising of that crop. The
doctor says the roots grow as much
as thirty-five pounds to the hill, which
means more than sixty dollars per
acre, and that there 1o good money in
raising the root at that rate. Dr.
Hastings believes that with a starch
factory in operation in the buildings
being vacated by the Plerpont com.
pany. and a home market for our
&IOiS, just in ranmcm ir a 11 B ass-:
tion could be made prosperous by rais-
ing this root, "without the aid or con-
sent of any other nation," or orange
grove. That there is a demand for
the cassava is evidenced by the fact
that the managers of the starch fac-
tories at DeLand and Lake Mary
have been to see Dr. Hastings with a
view of buying his crop, offering him
$6 per ton for it delivered to the rail-
road. There is no better place in the
whole state for a cassava starch fac-
tory than right here in Crescent City
and the Plerpont site offers a ready-
built mill that could be made avail-
able at slight expense. Further, we
have the lands to raise the crop.

Tho agriooltural eropm adaDted to
trie anoil of South fitiial aill UWSWg
county, says the Orlando Star, are
identical, and the yield and quality of
our products equal that of Georgia.
And, besides, we have pineapples, or-
anges, grape fruit and celery to our
credit. Old Orange county is hard to
beat, especially considering the excel-
lent winter climate and the fifty miles
of good clay roads.


"What did Aunt Minerva say about the shirt-
waist man?"
"She said, now he had to keep his belt in
the right place all the time he'd find out he
wasn't any smarter than women."-Indiana-


polls News.

CHEAP COLUMN

RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
WRITE-to J. D. BELL, St. Petersburg, Fla.
for pineapple plants. 41x1
FOR RENT-Nine room house completely
furnished, bath, etc. Near Boulevard and
University. Box 307, DeLand, Fla. 42x44
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangerine.
Box 2TL Orlando, Fla. Mt
CASSAVA 8BBD FOR BALB-Purcbaser
may bid on them standing in 10-acre feld.
C.. PROUL, Olenwood. Pla 43tf
AGENTS WANTED.-For "Economy" Har-
ness Riveters, and other sure selling novel-
ties. PALMETTO SUPPLY CO., DeLand,

PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale--Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. JAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. itf
THE SID B. SLIGH CO..-Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla. 47tf
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg.
Florida. 40Ixi
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. S. PRESTON, Auburndale.
Fla. 1tf
ORANGE TREES-We have now ready for
delivery, large one and two years buds on
rough lemon. WINTER HAVEN NUR-
SERIES.
FOR BALB-Fresh camphor seed from an
eleven year old tree, eighty Bour inches in
diameter. CYRUS W. BUTLER, St.
Petersburg. Fla 44x46
POR SALB-S-ound, gentle horse, saddle or
driving harness, wagon, farm. ing imple-
ments. etc. Can at VanDetrif grove. or
*ddrm'o ly- D* -a, lre Ls Ls
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting S varieties of 2 and S year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tf
FOR SALE--75 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared. the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address. P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
Land, Fla.
ONION MONOPOLY-Bermuda Onion
plants $1 a thousand will mature two months
before October sown seed. Samples mailed.
QaL6u OifiE i ff L!"!!! 11 ?PI! FIu
Farms, Orlando, Fla. I4244
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December 20. 42tf
ORANGE, POMELO AND LEMON TREES
-on sour or trifoliata stocks, for summer and
fall shipment. Large assortment fine trees.
Write for prices. GLEN ST. MARY NUR-
SERIES. G. L. Taber, Proprietor, Glen St.
Mary, Fla. 31tf
SITUATION WANTED-By an experienced
Gardener, Trucker and Stockmai. Not
afraid of work. highest recommendations.
Single, age S3. Write for particulars. FORE-
MAN. 126 North Texas Avenue, Atlantic
City, New Jersey. 41x44

PIA.p Tirawp, ia-, 5i6., 6'mnqe- f smon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
aople, Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so-
licited. 42tf
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus. Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Rest aualitv. Low prices. Address THE
GRIFFING BROTHERS Company, Jack.
sonville, Fla. 41tf


WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit. Peaches. Persimmons, Plums,
Pears. Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
ohor trees. Roses, Ornamentals. etc. Cata-
logue free. Address, THE GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville. Fla.
41tf
WE HAVE complete list American manufac
turers. Can buy for you at lowest prices and
fl e ?y dirsa t fromd eaach; m.n olnr, ma-
e bators, windmills or anything wanted. Cor-
rernondence solicited. AMERICAN
TRADES AGENCY. Jacksonville. Fla. 6tt


WANTED CASSAVA-The Planters' Mann.
facturing Co.. Lake Mary. Fla. will be glad
to cnrresnond with all persons wishing to
sell CASSAVA this fall. either for cash or
in exchange for CASSAVA FEED. Early
arrangements will be of value to growers and
WE PAY THE FREIGHT. F. G. PER-
KINS, president. 40x41


CONSIGN ORANGES TO



PORTER BROS. CO.,

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.

FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.

CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $0,000ooo.oo.


CHICAGO.


NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS.


ST. PAUL.


PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE Jacksonville is for re-
ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER BROS. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.

NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.

4st A EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES should go
dirt to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stesids, Market Quot-
tons, and General Iastructions for sipptag Florida products supplied ebor te Jacksonvil office

SPRAY PUMPS.

Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank ...............12 00
-Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
SBrass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
Barrel Spray Pump, com-
plete with hose, etc.......... 16 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc.............. 18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc....... ...... 20.70
Myers' California Favorite,
complete 28,00
Insecticides: Lime, Sulphate of Cop-
ner (Bluestone). nSulhur. etc.
m 4sa asaa ega"g 910 01
5hRe It r beh b rank Gen
Miaed Keeps, malia sad 1Onm,
Orange Wraps. uieu 00a9"ed Jox
Runas, 1 J 2163, 11ma1t 0a00sp.
lata ~u. bina
gMob g m, ca.sla tomat
oUrsers, LoettaU Baskets, iw.
l urnPlwaud olutivatrs, ste.
nation saprio Iates o appl-
E. BEA N,
Jacksonville. Fla.
Boom 18 Robinson Bldg.

r- W hSTa a full UrHBlj ef
aI the best varieties of Or-
rS --== anges. Pomelos, Kumquats,
etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. Can show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOGUE FREE. Correspondence Solicited.

GLEN ST.MARY NURSERIES,
Q. L. TABER, Proprietor,


Glen St. Mary,


- Florida.


THAT'S JUST
FRUIT TREES FREE- -

If you will send us one new subscriber to the FLORIDA AG-
RICULTURIST at $2 per year you can send for
the catalogue of

GLEN ST. MARY NURSFRTIES,
And select $1.50 worth of fruit trees, shrubbery or ornamental plants at list price,
and they will be packed and put f. o. b cars at Glen St. Mary with
Mr. Tabor's guarantee. Address

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville Florida.


TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL OROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TiOPICS.

ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
FOLIATA.
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FRUIRLAND NURSERY. P. J. BERCKANSCO, Agasu& Ga.
AuAEltblished i856,CC g










S58 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


HOUSEHOLD DEPPA E rT.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORID % AGRICULTURIST.
Household Dept. Jacksonville.

Vaseline as a Shoe Dressing.
Vaseline is one of the very best of
shoe dressings. First, with a soft
cloth, carefully rub off all the dust,
then apply the vaseline and rub well
into the leather. After the oil has
been absorbed, apply some standard
polish. It is best to use the vaseline
at night and apply the polish next
morning, as it takes about twelve
hours for the leather to absorb the
oil. This treatment makes it very
soft and pliable, prevents cracking,
and makes the shoes wear longer.
*
Birds.
If every mother would take the
trouble to teach her children to love
and care for the birds, one long step
in their protection would be accom-
plished, for lessons learned in child-
hood often become so deeply imprinted
on the child's mind as to become a
part of his nature. People are largely
what their early training makes them.
and if the children were taught to love
and protect the innocent members of
tho animnal croationl they woull not
so ruthlessly destroy tlhem in nfit-r
life though there might be some ex-


Why We Should Not Shirk the Oom-
mon Duties.
Perhaps the housewife does not
sweep her room so thoroughly today
because the operation must be repeat-
ed tomorrow, nor dust so particularly
since dust. unlike her coffee, has a
trick of settling often. Why should
she take unsparing pains with food
that is to be eaten up as soon as it is
out of the oven. and not by visitors
who would credit her with skill? Or
why be so "fussy" about the beds that
are to be tumbled in a few hours? At
the same time, what is worth doing at
all is worth doing well, they tell us.
Why did she undertake a business for
which she had no talent, and in which
she finds nothing congenial? For
whom does she bake and brew?
Whose breath does she keep in the
nostrils by her handicraft? For whom
does she seek to make home neat and
attractive? Are not those dearest to
her benefited by her exertions, and
shall irksome routine stand in the way
of their welfare and comfort? Does
not nature herself set us an example
of routine and repetition in which
there is no shadow of shirking? What
if she should omit some such little
detail as the grass, the early and latte.
rains or the change of seasons. In
the economy of the household every
disregarded duty or slighted task tells
its own story in the long account, as
the old geologic formations have reg-
istered the rains of their period: and
as every household is a fraction of the
divine economy, housework in its
h-o-oni-En phnso it. pomoteod from
nr,6iiil, iiiioiiiafper"d Tiling To digulty
and power.-Harper's Bazaar.


ception to this rule. In my early P d
Puddings.
childhood, my mother taught me that In making puddings. always heat
I must not even touch a bird's nest, the whites and yolks of eggs separate-
that it was the bird's home and there- ly. adding the whites the last thing, as
in sake making. The milk should be
fore was to be unmolested, and I still fresh and without the least unpleasant
feel. when I come across one, that I flavor: if it is boiled, let it cool some-
may look but not touch. I thought what before adding the eggs or other
ingredients. Suet inust Ie Derfectly
that that boy or girl who would rob a frh dried currents should be thor-
bird's nest. or who threw stones at the oiughly washed and dried before using.
hirdsii had rn lired the depth of nitrl :lmondstl- usrlllt li finely around pr
depravity, and I now feel a strong an- chopped l and the raisins seeded. If or-
ntip y to es or lemons are used. grate off tile
tipathy to the person who ca e ellw rind and also grate ot the in-
wantonly cruel to our little feathered ido roinovings the seeds. A pintch of
friends. I was also taught that I mllust s alt should le added to all tpuddings.
never destroy a crumb or a grain of Boiled puddings are lighter when
Boiled in a cloth and allowed plenty of
corn that the birds could eat. I attrib- room ,,o swell. The pudding hlga should
ute to this teaching. siy albhor'rence he m;de of very firm material. taper-
to the wearing of birds as ornalllllents inll flrom the top to the bottom. with
SrouInded (corners: fell the seals. which
A greater good coull be cco- s d e il tsie lie it
]lloluld be on1 lhe outside when in uI.e .
llislled toward correcting this evil. if ;iand se.w a tape securely to the seanms
thle girls were taught that the use of about three inches froin the top. Be-
hirds sadi pluimage it millinery w-is a ftor' rs' .ing. w 'ring- the bag ost (if hotn
Sfasi. t i water, tiour lthe inside well. theli pour
crlel fashion, tlhan in any other way. ill llthI pusling stirring thoronughly just
It is a fashion that will Iever le conUll- before pollrills i it in: tic securely, leav-
lera.cted as long as women persist inl ing pl enty of room to swell, and place


following it, and they will do, this
until a sentiment is created a against it.
Tse avera(gs'e wolni ll ispens iIt little
thought on thie origin of her iiat or'im
twilngs, and until shie is lide' i o
think. she will wear tl m for lteir
brilllty. T11 11sc of birds in mill i< u,v iQ
too deeply rooted an evil tSo be over-
comlle in anlly other way thillan by 'du-
c:ll ll, : d11141 1 (tilln caln ( 111 lllii' li(1r1 "
effeci'ially thrlan lhe mIllIr h. Somell
children naturally love birdl., I1 !n
others, the sentiment lihas to be culti-
vated. so if the children are ta:lulh to1,
1, te tl- ;m I will n, rltiull.v 1Ill. IW
that the birds N will he les thol-ught
lessly destroyed.


:a sllrer at ilTe bottom to prevent
lurnin iii. ('cover with boiling water.
and 1o1 c ionstanttly until tie pudding
i tIic(r i lmonll ;I tillme for cookiisg as ,do
iiakeil ol ,es. C'staird. breis.i rice. frl'it
tc'.. 're' ire l i ioilerate lleat. v w lile
hitter it ( corn starcll a i'rllier hot oven.
\\': v-rly XI-''- i ino'


ROYN




Makes the food more delious and wholesome
SOAL SiAKIo Powe co., NEW YO.m


*4 -*
Potato Omelet.-Mix cold boiled po-
tatoes cut in bits with one half cup-
fil of soup-stock, and let them absorb
it. Put them in a frying-pan with ai
piece of butter the size of an egg.
wllion tloy nrfo hrlown otir in two tlbhle-
upuIIIfirlu atr gtrvttt kfupti. unilt titio
let the mixture brown on one side. like
al omelet. Serve on a flat dish, brown
side up.
Potato Puffs.-Mash smooth half a
dozen boiled potatoes, and add the
yolks of two eggs. When somewhat
cooled stir in the whites of the two
well beaten, two tablespoons of cream.
a little salt and nutmeg, and put into a
baking-dish. Brown in a brisk oven.
Cucumber Sauce for Fish.-Peel a
large cucumber. cut it into bits. and
put in a stew-pan with a pinch of salt:
-?ovor with yold water. Ruling to :i hoil
then strain through a sieve and put
again in at pan with a tablespoon of
butter and tile juice of half a lemon.
Cook for a fevw minutes, then add a
teaspoinful ofi chopped parsley. and
serve hot. This is a grateful, delicate
sauce for some of the weak-l: vored
lish.-Farmn and Fireside.
4 *
It is a case of "Buckle, buckle, wlho
has not a buckle?" ill these days of
wonderful mioetl work. lro'nllt ar-
rivals from Fl'rance have I ought lion t
\with thlloll sone exquiisite exallnles
of tie newV art of silvetrsmlithly, and so
wonvi lerolsIly tinted are the metals em-
ployed in the making of the inlrien it
design s that are the fashion of tIll
day that tlle colors and lusters of pre-
.iolts stones are not needed to enhllance
heir Ceallty. Heatls of Iolilall ellclper-
ors. of DIela t1 olilhia saints of ( ; rl'o i
goddiesses, of Iultch I llburghl'es alil of
mlioder(ll Frenlcl n1ymlphs land fairies ail'
favorite or aisents for tlhese Its-tilti-
fil helt clasips. Flowers and foliatse
witli bulds and berries wroUgilt in re-
lirf tor in slnll j1 tw1 l-. r'tslrIt i' il'rIr.


S* coa;il. t'ur *~ ,
To O;et Bid of Cockroaches. so m iiOisg Hlie most adllired larels. -
V; ll'ioits tll1 dsiltlol of destroy in. illi W it verlv .
[r 1 I'( i illlliil d ldo !ornx ,(.'ll;I orold 4 4 -
ithbollu liteir Ilattit s will sometimes ,i[ ; :.- a nei fi right hanller I. I 0,
dri\-ve ih.!m :l .a \v; ((I'Cu lmber Ipalin' i r- i ': r. ordered h'e irc,, it ag
is i t i t 111 all its 1 T 1 atrre& in that car re
sri's - ltlill 'iill w l\\.ll surely' kill Il it'll *\\
hill it i s d IIs, o Il o lse. At s\- I It',s "'_ !,ca' \sl-
I ,l: v ll Lm it Illn l'ft i fo llu I llrll ii |
s( li iil' worsl11li l5yil-. l *
"'CoIk'it'li'h' s emie lw 0 I() li ri-e every varieoly of poionl I gzavc i hn. able Dairying.


for their number did not diminish. One
day I took up an old almanac, and on
one of its pages read this: Equal por-
tions of cornmeal and red lead, mixed
with molasses and spread on plates,
will destroy roaches. And it did. I put
it in several dishes after supper and
set them on the floor, and at nine
o'clock in the evening the dishes were
so covered with roaches that the mix-
ture was scarcely visible. The next
night they were were fewer, and In a
week there was not a roach to be seen.
I have lived seven years since in the
same house and have not seen one.
Scatter unslacked lime in the chinks
and holes from which they issue."-
If none of the above methods are ef-
fectual, try fumigating the house with
sulphur. If this is done thoroughly,
one room at a time, it will be impossi-
ble for any insect to live in the house,
but doors and windows must be closed
and sealed with wool-cotton, that none
of the fumes escape from the room. It
must not be opened for at least twenty-
four hours.-Selected.
0 e>
Tennis Punch.
Tennis punch is made by peeling and
cutting one good-sized pineapple. Pour
one quart of freshly boiled water over
four tablespoonfuls of the best tea:
cover and let stand fifteen minutes;
stir and strain. Add to the pineapple a
pint of strawberries cut into halves.
and four bananas sliced thin; then add
a pint of unfermented grape juice, and
stand aside for at least one hour. Boil
together one quart of water and two
pounds of sugar, having added the
grated yellow rind of an orange
and lemon; strain, and stand aside.
also to cool. At serving time. add first
to the syrun the juice of six lemons
and four oranges, then add the tesa
and the fruit mixture, with sufficient
cold water to make a pleasant drink.-
Waverly Magazine.


---or vmiiiny, raeZe
her condition was
that which is gen-
erally called all
run down. We
were, of course,
worried about
her and employed the best physicians to
attend her. They studied her case and,
although they did everything possible, gave
hr no relief which was permanent. The
late Dr. Angel had first called my attention
to Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People,
and my wife had heard they were a ine
tonic so we decided to try them for my
daughter. We did so and inside of eight
weels the primary cause of her trouble wa
removed and she showed a decided gain in
health, strength and flesh.
A great many people will buy a medi-
cine and take a few doses. Then if they are
not cured they throw it aside as no good, or
take it spasmodically. We believed in a fair
trial in strict accordance with directions and
our faithfulness was rewarded for she was
greatly benefited by them. Her color came
to her cheeks and she continued to gain in
weight and strength. So you see both my
wife and myself believe in Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills for Pale People and have found
them a wonderful medicine. We have told
a great many people about them and have
been glad to do so."
Signed, GEORGE LOUCIS.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this
0oth dyr of June. 1900.
FI PsssvssHt,
Notary Public.
All the elements necessary to give new life
and richness to the blood and restore shattered
nerves are contained in Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills for Pale People. They build up the
blood, and restore the glow of health to pale
and sallow cheeks. In men they effect a radio
cal cure in all cases arising from mental
strain, over-work or excesses of whatever
nature. They are manufactured by the Dr
Williams Medicine Company, Schenectady
N. Y., and are sold by all druggists at 6
cents a box or six Ioxes for $2.50.


FOR SALE
AT A

Special Bargain
ON EASY TERMS.
Several fine bearing orange and
grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
vestment this year.

Lyle & Co., ...Bartow, Fla.

THE U. S. LIVE STOCK REMEDY has
proved most efficient in preventing and
curing Hog and Chicken Cholera and
kindred diseases. It is also a fine con-
dition powder. Sales are increasing. If
your dealer don't keep It we will mail
it to you on receipt of price 25c per %
lb. Liberal discount to dealers. ISAAC
MORGAN. Agent. Kissimmee. Fla. 1tt


Budded and Grafted


Mulgoba Mangoes.
Imnported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
Ignited States.
1 lku C( Iru'i stock Atlllu1d-.
.I(OHN I. BEACH.
West Palmn Beach. Fla.


An Interesting Case.

PARENTS OF GROWING GIRLS WILL
APPRECIATE IT.

Tro story Is Told by a Father who aI
Grateol for His Diaugter's
Reeoverr.
From the Sandard, CorUand, N. r.
At 91 Lincoln Avenue, Cortland, N.Y.,
was ones a house of sorrow and sadness
The daughter of George Loucks, the pride
of the household, seemed going into decline
as she reached her early womanhood and
her condition caused the greatest anxiety in
the family. The happy ending of the mat-
ter caused considerable excitement in the
neighborhood and, when questioned by a
reporter, Mr. Louoks made the following
statement:


e









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. ;a.o


POULTRY AND BRAE DEPART-
3ENT.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville. Fla.

Belgian Hares for Small Farmers.
Of late we have read much about
Belgian hares-Belgians for the fan-
cier. for market and for the amateur.
Belgians for the small farmer are
what interest us most.
There are many people with whom
fowls do not pay, and I am one of that
multitude. Many others would find
themselves in that class if they kept
accounts, but the majority of poultry
raisers feed from the same bin that
the grain for their stock comes from.
charge no fencing to biddy. or spend
many valuable hours chasing her out
of the garden, and then consider every
egg clear profit.
Some make poultry pay. and can
give the figures. They are the people
who should raise poultry. Now, after
finding that poultry did not pay us,
we bought a trio of Belgians, and
have since kept from twenty to fifty.
according to the season of the year.
We find them more easily confined
and as easily cared for as the same
number of fowls, and that no less than
one-fourth the space is required for the
latter.
Feed any kind of grass, sweet po-
tato vines, cull sweet potatoes and
roots, banana leaves, cabbage stumps.
and other garden waste, thistles, sor-
rel and many other weeds, and they
will draw but little on your supply of
grain. A little grain is beneficial, how-
ever, especially to does with young.
We find sweet potato vines about
the best feed for growth and produc-
tion of sweet juicy meat.
iThey breed best In cool weather.
Both old and young will do better if
given a rest during July and August.
Those who do not succeed with Bel-
gians will usually be able to trace
their failure to neglect. Do not leave
their care to children, who will feed
them only when they happen to re-
member it. and perhaps never water
at all; nor to a woman who already
has fourteen hours of work to do in a
day. Nothing wil' succeed that one
takes no interest in. The Belgian bus-
ness, to the farmer, is no boom affair,
but a matter of steady growth, and an
abundance of tender, digestible meat
easily produced from what would
otherwise be waste. Keep an account
and you will find that it is a paying
deuartuint.
I trust that this bit of experience
will be of use to some of your readers.
-Chas. Mill Terrell, in Farm and
lriut Grower.

Gape in Young Chcks.
This disease seldom appears on
light, sandy soil. The cause of it is a
small worm that lodges In the throat.
Half-grown chicks usually get over
It, but youngsters a month or so old
are generally attacked and the fatal-
ity among them is great. The Ken-
tucky experiment station in investi-
gating the disease took two broods of
chicks and divided them. One brood
was cooped out of doors on the ground
and every chick died of the gapes in
less than a month. The other brood
was put on a board floor and kept
there, and none of them contracted
the disease. Prof. H. Garman says
that the same result would be ob-
tained by simply elevating an earthen
floor above the surrounding level so
that it would not retain moisture.
In case the disease should be intro-
duced by chicks which had contracted
it elsewhere, the proper treatment
would be to isolate affected Individ-
uals as soon as discovered and medi-
cate the drinking water of the rest.
Tile nny mf ntwtal treatment in tboai
case Is rubbing the neck from time to
time with lard or vaseline, thoroughly
mixed with a little turpentine, three
parts of lard or vaseline to one part
of turpentine. The treatment should
begin before the disease makes its ap-
pearance. Prof. Garman gives the
remedy of Mengin, a French natural-
Ist, who awerts that the use of


)pounllded gn'li( with the usual foo(d.
has )ibeen illiade to c iIopl'etely 1 eradi(ca lt
rlilc tli.k :iIwI :11111i 111g l i il' pl il.;ii N ill
E'lii rol'. -America'il Agricultlurist.
*
Fighting Llce and Mites.
IThere aire several kinds of live which
Iolest fowls anId to tight thell effec-
tively one inmut learn what specie-;
they are. The little red mites are tlhe
,most troublsoine aidtl wvien once they
have olbtainlled possessio the only
thorough ,ietlhod is to) 'ltinin-at
with lIllestolne or witl I isulphide of
cairboI1. '114i buildiing milust hl e aildev
perfectly tight before using either. Af-
terward tlhoroulhly whitewash lilthe
whole inside of tlihe building. adding
one t hli'slspoonfull of rude cll'lolic
;'id to each gallon of whitewash. Nest
lioxes should be thoroughly cleaned
and kerosened ;ndll if severill years old
had better lite burned aldl niew ones
substituted.
New roosts should also ioe put in.
using painted spruce joists 2x3. Paint
them at least once a year with hot
coal tar. I"or the gray lice and others
which live upon the fowls. dust thor-
oughly with Persian or other powder.
The head and throat of the fowls may
also ble rubbed with a mixture of ker-
osene and lardI, or with a mixture of
one part carbolic acid. two parts gly-
cerin :llnd ten parts water. Use one
pound pure carbon hisulpide for each
1000. cubic feet of space in tile house.
Merely pour this in an open dish and
leave the house closed for 12 hours.
4 .
Improved Flocks.
It is generally admitted that im-
proved poultry pays as well in pro-
portion as the improved breeds of
hogs or sheep: that is on general prin-
ciples. Of course, the great mass of
poultry is raised and sold by the farm-
ers. The car loads of poultry and eggs
shipped from all over the west come
from the farmers. and. since the intro-
duction of the improved breeds, the
supply Is rapidly increasing. No farm-
er can afford to raise the common
chickens. If they cannot have full-
bloods they should procure thorough-
bred roosters, and they will be so well
pleased with the cross that they will
soon work into pure breeds. Pure
breeds mature quicker, grow larger,
sell for more money, lay more eggs
and require a little more care, but with
warm. clean, comfortable quarters, a
variety of food. and by not feeding too
much corn. eggs may be had all
through the winter.-Farm and Fire-
side.
4 *
A Good Word for Bantams.
The great points in favor of bantams
are the small amount of money re-
quired to keep them, the small space
required for their habitation and the
returns they will yield in the shape of
eggs and stock to sell, besides the de-
licious chicken pie. Many of them are
splendid layers. The breeders' art has,
with nature's assistance, produced a
race of birds that cannot fail to fasci-
nate all who have the least spark of
love for God's dumb creatures.-
American Poultry Advocate.
0
Some Peculiarities of the Qual.
There are many odd and interesting
things to be said of the quail, which
is known throughout a large scope of
the country as the partridge. One is
that it has the power when badly
frightened of withholding its scent. A
covey, quickly flushed, will scatter,
and lie so 'lose the best dog in the
world will overrun them, making no
sign of point until the bird flutters
right underfoot. Another is that it
has the facuty of simulating death, tf
taken winged in hand, and of coming
quickly to life the minute the grasp
is relaxed in the neighborhood of good
cover. Further. the birds have a sort
of barometric sense.
A woodsman marklnr the direction
in which quail feed can almost cer-
tainly foretell the day's weather. If
they choose stubble or cornfields, it
will be mild and moist; if they go to
the open woods, he looks for wind and
sun; if they scurry for thickets of
brier and sedge, then he knows bitter
cold is imminent. Unless forced to
migrate by lack of food a covey always


slleeps \\iit ll lll 111111dni'i yards of the
lnest it was hl lii'hdl i.ll and tlhi< al-
Ilil1iiL1h i Il lily lilo flil ll lily ~ -vvr
al 1l1ilr( i\A;iy. Tilhe sleepinl is dol(i l
iln a hudtledl rie,. tails in. h:ads o il.
Al! :ir unill( ;Ilid 'o closelyy hblinclhed thllat
a -",t -sized Itpkinl will cover it. In-
tlincl 1 siilyi > lit-, a'-k 'f tlih rinll1
lila kill. Thuis hlie sliy '-lrealtres hlope
to escape surprise froni creeping ver-
inl. mIinks, wr-asels. foxes, which


TOBACCO DUST.
If your fowls are troubled with lice
or jiggers, send $1.25 and get '10
pounds of tobacco dust and sprinkle
it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
anteed to be unleached. Stnd 2 cent
tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Co.,
Jacksonville, Fla.


steal upon t -iiri in the nig r.--x. f T.
04 L _2.. T
t i l ik s 1 a pool. bili- I Parties intending visiting Cuba will
le ,t, l 1 I' t s is 1 poor lsi- X , well to I,,rr sppond witli me about
ai iItre iowls i lre 1; vlu- lands, Itc. Use 5c. postage.
iii, I'. 1 l~la11:111i'O ,(1 X Is Il \it l'lt l i \s1'1t .
if they fall ill, when we kInow w\hitr THOS. R. TOWNS,
hleir TroulteI is. and have a reimly Quiebra llacha. Cuba.
for tli1 ialadhy tley may be suffering P.' dili, Provinco.
with. ullt (hle lllll pt to (Ioctor sick
young ch,.ickens will s- arcely pay. It' t ), 1
the birdr, lio not grow thriftily in tih' :_
tirst there tour 111r months after lat- Imt^c I PA-:i
ina. they \ ill never pay for the raisilia-
for ally' ,purpoe1'.- ..iI. Stock-Kel p. CAN'T YOU TAKE AGENCY
and supply Page Fence to your neighbors now?
Gave Entire Satisfaction. L. B BoBEaTsos, Receiver.
,..:.. ... .,. ,, ,., PAGE W1VEN WIRE FENCE CO., ADRIAN, MICH.


i;. o. i n1itr ft i ()., ,i(hac -hs tMe'. FrI.
(;entlen mon:-I take pleasure in say-
ing that lihe fertilizer furnished by
you for tlle orange groves in my
charge Ihas given entire satisfaetioln
and you may confidently look for a
continuance of my patronage,
Yours very truly.
NM. F. Robinson.
Sanford. Fla.. Oct. 5th, 1900.
4 *
Just look at the different premiums
we offer for new subscribers.


This picture is the trade mark of
SCOTT'S EMULSION, and is on
every bottle of SCOTT'S EMUL-
SION in the World, which now
amounts to many millions yearly.
This great business has grown to
such vast proportions,
Flrst;-Because the proprietors
have always been most careful in
selecting the various ingredients
used in its composition, namely;
the finest Cod Liver Oil, and the
purest Hypophosphites.
Second:-Because they have so
skillfully combined the various
ingredients that the best possible
results are obtained by its use.

Third:-Because it has made so
many sickly, delicate children
strong and healthy, given health
and ro y cheeks to so many pale,
anaemic girls, and healed the Ifung
and restored to full health, so many
thousands in the first stages of
Consumption.
If you have nt tried it, mnd for free sample,
its agreeable taste will surprise you.
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists,
49415 Pearl Street. New York.
w, anMd &.-o, alldxuglgiu.


O IUMCOCAINEWHISKY
0Hbits UMd as mC at l oa
inm, In s0 diayai H uadM
o1erels noMl. 2 oarns, .lcialtr. Book on
Home reatment ent FREE. Addreu
B. M. WOOLLEY, M. D., Atlanta, Ca.

Track. Hay. Coal. Cattle.
P'atlorm and Counter Scale*
Pa,ticular tt tio n toirepa
Satisfaction Guaras:eed.
JESSE MARDEFD
109 8. Charles St.
BALTIMOBE. XD,

The Practical
AND SIMPLE
BARBED WIRE
FENCE BUILDER.
PRICE S.oo.
V. SCHMELZ
SylvanLake, Fla
"Certificate Am. Inst. Fair."

Western Poultry Farm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It is up to date. 24 pages.
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice Iill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 dos., 20 ct; 25 for 30
cts: 50 for 50 cta; 100 for S.

HENS' TEET GROUND OYS
SE 1 C 1 II TER SHELLS.
To properly digest its food the fowl
must have grit. What teeth are to the
human being grit is to the fowl.. We
can now furnish ground oyster shells,
from freshly opened oysters, from
which all the dust and dirt has been
screened, to supply this grit which Is
lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
Goods very inferior to ours and full
of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer it at
100 lb bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
Help your fowls by giving them
plenty of clean grit.
E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville,
Fla.
Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
tilizers and dealers in all kinds of Fer-
tilizing Materials


Orange and Kum Quat
Nursery Stock.
Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
table. Also a general line of Fruit
Trees, Roses, Shrnbs, etc. Prices.
low. Freight paid.
SUMMIT NURSERIES,
D. L. Pierson, Prop.,
Monticello, Pa.





POMTXOn OVWAlANTMs.
Uasr "* aa h Dpft.
st V.S Pas.



Can't you earn 0o1 of our premiums?








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


A SUDDEN HERO. sighed, "Oh, how I wish I was a man!"
And the others did not even smile.
--"How long have you been in the
One Tuesday morning-to be exact- guard?" asked Mrs. Gresham, secretly
it was the twenty-sixth of April, 1898, wondering how he could make hib
young Mr. Black came down to break- breakfast so quietly.
fast a trifle late and rather out of sorts, "Four years."
to find Mrs. Harford with dim eyes, "Then this is what has taken you
pouring te coffee, and thl two IlMy away ffm hlim 8o lS en or lator"
boarders buried in a common news- "Yes. regular drills almost every
paper, night."
"Good-morning!" said Mr. Black, The others could only look their pen-
generally; then, with some degree of itence at one another.
interest: "What's the latest war news? "Say!" burst out Mr. Black suddenly,
Are the Chicago boys really going t6 atone for his unusual silence, "can't
out?" you get me into the regiment?"
"'Yes, they are!" cried Miss Loomis, "Why, Mr. Black,"gasped Miss Loo-
unconsciously playing peek-a-boo over mis, "and you said-"
the top of the paper. "Isn't it delight- "Yes. I know I did," he interrupted
ful?" in confusion, "but I was a fool, and
r'Delightful! Wel-Why, Mrs. Har- didn't know what I was talking about.
ford, I actually believe you've been Say, can't you, Whitman?"
crying about It." "I'm sorry, old man, but we have
"Yes, I have, Mr. Black," answered more men now than we know what to
the landlady a little defiantly. You do with."
young folks see only the glory of it, "'And the other regiments-?"
ut I can't forget that people will soon "Are just as bad." And having fin-
be reading long lists of killed and ished his breakfast Mr. Whitman rose
wounded in that same newspaper. 1 from his seat.
saw it all in the sixties." A sudden stir swept over the others,
Mr. Black had the grace to drop his and Mrs Gresham voiced the fear of
bantering tone at that, and the two la- all when she asked, olmon6 tremtdil6u-
dies cast aside the paper and drew up ly. "Shall we see you again before you
to the table with rather sober faces, go?"
"Where's Whitman?" queried Mr. "Oh, yes. I shall be at dinner as
Black, rather to break the silence than usual; we don't leave until eight," and
from interest; "It's queer for a steady with a quiet "Good-morning" he went
old codger like him to b6 l&te." out. taking hli slouch service hat from
"'He was up earlier than usual," an- the hall rack as be passed.
ewered Mrs. Harford, "but he had a "I've been a confounded fool' ejac-
little business to attend to before ulated Mr. Black disgustedly, as the
breakfast." outer door closed.
"Business before breakfast!" cried "We have all misjudged him," said
Mr. Black, who could not keep still Mrs. Gresham, softly.
long. "Gad! I'll bet he's gone to enlist." I Dinner time arrived and Miss Loomis
And he laughed loudly at his own joke. and Mr. Black returned from the city,
"If you think it's such an amusing she with a pair of little flags, Cuban
matter why don't you go and enlist and American, crossed on her breast,
yourself?" based Miss Loomis, a little and he wearing a red. white and blue
smartly, for his ridicule grated on her tie, and with a huge metal flag on his
romantic sense, lapel: but they found both the widows
"I?" he jeered. "No, I thank you! wearing knots of the national colors:
I'm as patriotic as the next fellow, but the table was gay with flowers and
if I enlist I want a chance to fight. Mrs. Harford's choicest service, and a
noit mnerly to itro around i. a iiil.i4fl 5!J kB 48 1 asm alf otalilellr
uniform and mash the girls." There was an air of suspense and e0-
IlI think these boys are anxious en- citement about the four and Mrs. Har-
ough to fight," remarked Mrs. Gres- ford was smiling through tears.
ham, with a quiet conviction that Mr. Whitman appeared promptly at
seemed to be shared by the other two six. with the same calm face and im-
women, perturbable air. He flushed a little at
"It's easy enough to be anxious when their effusive greeting, and when he
they know there's no chance of it," Raw the decorated table he turned to
sneered Mr. Black. the landlady with a quiet smile.
Just then the front door opened and "I'm afraid you're trying to make it
closed gently, there was a quiet step hard for me to leave, Mrs. Harford."
In the hall and Mr. Whitman entered The widow choked down the lump in
and dropped into his accustomed seat her throat and smiled up at him brave-
between the two widows. ly.
"Good-morning, all," he said, quietly; "You're too good a boarder to lose.
and he had creamed and sugared his Mr. Whitman, and I know you won't
oatmeal before he noticed that his salu- get anything fit to eat in that horrid
station had not been returned, camp."
He looked up wonderingly, then a It was perhaps just as well that Mr.
slight flush crept into his face, and a Whitman was a matter of fact person;
momentary curve softened his lips. otherwise the pains the good woman
Mrs. Hartord had her handkerchief to had taken to provide his favorite dishes
her eyes; but his three fellow boarders and the worshipful attitude of his
were gazing at him dumfounded. It companions. might hive made him' act
was'the same calm, pale, cleanshaven in an unsoldierly manner, as it was. he
face that they were accustomed to see alone was conscious of his occasional
hut in place of his usual neat business dimness of sight.
suit he wore the army blue,4and on his While they were dallying over the
sleeves were the white chevrons of a desert and tacitly postponing the t'me
corporal, for good-bye. Miss Loomis suddenly
"Oh. Mr. Whitman." cried Miss burst forth:
Loomis. "and to think you never ",,Xr. hi+mnnm nrn'st 4-. ,ling ti
IM Uo li iSsshw "'t .m re yaff..u 3'"
"By jove. old man. I want to shake The young man looked at her in sur-
hands with you!" exclaimed Mr. Black, pri,.
with a sudden and radical change in .
his estimation of this "old codger." Why- le stammered and then
"'This explains your red eyes." re- stopped.
marked Mrs. Gresham to Mrs. Harford. For the first time he appreciated the
"Yes," sobbed the other from behind light in which he appeared to these
her handkerchief. "I saw him when he People.
came down this morning." 1"I should be very glad to see any of
"What's your regiment?" queried Mr. my friends at the station." he said,
Black. with an effort, but their murmured
"The First," with a touch of pride. thanks sounded cold. Then it suddenly
"And are you really going to Cuba?" dawned on him and he glanced around
asked Miss Loomis. with a tone of awe the table with a glimmering smile.
in her voice. "Would you all really like to go along
"Oh, no! only to Springfield." was his with me now. Just like a family party?"
matter of fact reply. "Would we!" they cried in delighted
"But you expect to go there later?" chorus: and Mis Loomis added:
"We hope to." and for a moment "Oh. Mr. Whitman. you don't know
there was a flash In his eyes that onen- how proud I've been all day to think
ed new lines of thought for the dazed I had a soldier of my own."
Mr. Black. "Why certainly." he cried briskly. do-
'Then Miss Loomis. who gloried in Ingl the proper thing with an ease that
hter femininity, drew a long breath and surprised him. "you can eome right


along to the armory with me now, and
then go up to the station and bid me
good-bye. They'll all have some one
to see them otff, and I shan't want to
feel odd."
And with a great flurry and chatter
the two women hurried away for their
wraps.
1I-'LF, IU- Wlhituman," cried Miss
Loomis, as the quartette re-assembled,
you must show your colors," and she
snatched the tiny American flag from
her breast and pinned it to the front of
his blouse trying to put a graceful fold
into the stiff little bit of cloth. I'll
keep the Cuban one, for the single star
will symbolize my lonely condition."
she added with a touch of coquetry.
"And when I come back they will be
united forever," he answered, with a
flash of martial spirit
"Don't forget to look for me on the
sidewalk," said Mrs. Harford, as they
started. I want to wave you a good-
bye."
"I may miss you, though," said he,
taking both her hands, "and when I
say good-bye I want to thank you for
all you've done for me."
"Good-bye, my dear boy, and God
bless you!" she answered, with a sob in
her voice, but looking up with bhinlUni
eyes. And with a sudden impulse, he
stopped and kissed the kind motherly
face.
The other incidents of that memo
rable night were a blur of tossing ban-
ners, shouting crowd, teaLr-stllla
faces, and long lines of blue, shot with
glinting steel.
To the two women it was a delight-
ful experience, despite that vagu4 un-
pleasant tugging at the heart. They
clung close to the soldier boy, gloried
in the thought that they knew one of
the brave young heroes, and shone
proudly in his reflected light. They
had eyes for none but him; and to
them the two modest white stripes on
his sleeves were a prouder badge than
the gilded strap on the shoulder of his
colonel. They handled and snapped his
gun, poked their fingers In the empty
tol of hie cartridge belt. shed Dity-
Ingly 6Vi-? li BbUIiy BlanKt roll. and
wondered at the bluntness of the bright
bayonet: and all the time they gazed
at him with such admiring eyes that
he must have been much embarrassed,
had not his comrades been undergoing
similar treatment from worshipping
friends.
It was all a dazmling irfalallton Of
the pomp and glory of war, the martial
echoing tumult in the huge armory, the
short march through the madly cheer-
ing crowd, and the terrible crush and
the last wild moments in the swarming
station. And through it all the two
women were always seeking for a
white-banded sleeve and crying, "There
he is!" at one another, as If the others
in that sinuous line of blue were but
phantoms. Mr. Black was with them
all the while, but they were conscious
of his presence only when he was need-
ed to force them a passageway
through the crowd.
lit was not until they were at the sta-
tion in the midst of that bedlam of
sound and motion, battling *to hold
their cherished place that the two wo-
men began to realize what was behind
it all. They had caught from the crowd
the mad dare-devil spirit of patriotism
that wins battles and makes heroes;
soldiers and eamrd the tearrui goodP
byes, the thought came to them-that
this was not all of war. that the home
coming of these men might be different
-if. indeed, they came home at all.
Mr. Whitman's company was stand-
ing at ease. momentarily expecting the
order to enter the ears beside them;
and the quartette had gathered for
what might be the last time.
iMiss Loomis laid her hand on the
arm of the young corporal, and looked
up with all the coquetry gone from her
pretty face.
"Now. Mr. Whitman."she said plead-
ingly. "I can't tell you how proud we
are of you; but you musn't go and do
anything rash. Don't try to fight all
the battle-for you must come back to
u<."
Her hand had fallen to her side. and
his slipped over it now. No one saw
rt notio n lu tho proefuro of the crowd.
"Would it make any difference to you


KRAUSES' UID EXTRAC OF LuK.
Made from hickory wood. Delicious ftaoi.
SOleine. cheer. No uoke boome needed. Send
Sf" e. E. RAUBER BUO., MUteo. Pi.


if I didn't return?" he aaked, bonding
down to read her face in the fantastic
light of the place.
"Indeed it !would!" she answered
quickly; and perhaps something she
saw in his eyes sent that faint flush
into her cheeks.
With a sudden movement he sent the
slouch hat from his head and tore
from its front the crossed rifles.
"I'll leave you a memento, anyhow,"-
he said with a laugh that was not quite
natural.
"Oh, Mr. Whitman!" she cried, fem-
inine vanity gaining the ascendency,
that's awfully sweet of you! I just
longed for that but I didn't dare ask
roF it."
"It's a wonder I thought-I'm usually
so stupid," he replied with a frankness
that surprised them both. "May I?'
And without waiting for oral permit.
sion he pinned it to her trim Jacket
with fingers that trembled a little. He
fastened the badge in a place and at
an angle that no woman would ha'u
chosen, but Miss Loomis forebore to
change it for many a day.
"And haven't you a souvenir for
me?" asked Mrs. Gresham, half jest
ingly.
"Of course I have!" and with ruth-
less fingers he tore two of the shiny
buttons from the front of his blouse,
and presented one to each, "I'd offer
you one. Black, only-only-"
"I shall be wearing 'em before long."
Returned that Individual with a deten.
mined nod.
Just then came the long expected or-
der, "Company, attention!" and Mr.
Whitman started with the-obedience Ot
the soldier but. somehow in the mo-
mentary confusion, the broad brimmed
service hat threw Miss Loomis' face
into shadow, and then-tile men were
tramping steadily into the cars.
The mad swirl'of the cheering crowd
went between, and. seek as they
wnU'lla: Ha1 fliradas riSuni R= a=
till. just as the last car was pulling by,
they heard a hearty shout and saw a
waving hat. There was an answering
Sell from Mr. Black, and the two la-
dies flourished their handkerchiefs
frantically: but as the eddying dust
shut out the red lights of the receding
train they found other use for them.
Their hero had gone to war.-Charles
Raymond Barrett

TO THE AFFLICTED.
There is a Sanitarium in Belleview.
Fla.. whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer and piles without the use
Sof the knife. A cure is guaranteed in
I every case taken and no money is re-
Souiied until a cure is complete. Write
them a description of your case and
Sreteive free books by return mall. Ad-
dress,
BiLTIEYIIW fEANITARITM.
Belleview, Fla.


E_


.L Ce.


In every town
and village
Smay be had
the


k Mica


| Axle


Grease

that makes your
horses glad.








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 06
continued from Page 54. Imal fertilizers shows why it is they POULTR
rRib, plates, blades, sirloin and shoul- have held their ground against the or- PR TIAL POULTRY B K
der bones. etc., are conveyed to tIl Kaniied competition of 01ot1er 1 troagatn- l -aLL. P iAMl AL86UWL sr- _fir
glue works immediately after the cat- ous products. Animal fertilizers have A 10wa Ri.. .. s. ...~-ii, smSi.SL~..sw
tie are killed and cut up. Bones are never been pushed, and, Indeed, never Ba 1- a.v oo@&awheaels .a r.f l A -ifap
there elevated and run through a bone needed pushing to the front because
crusher, then, after a cleansing treat- the people know from every-day ex-
ment, then, crushed bone is trans- perience how decaying animal matter
ferred to the cook house, where it is affects plant growth. The demand
dumped into large, open kettles and has always been good, and today theORGE TR E PT I
cooked at a low temperature for a farmers chooses animal ingredients as your
number of hours. The grease and glue a basis to build up from, on account If you re protecting your orange trees or pineapple
Is then run off and the bone tankage of their stability and lasting qualities, write us for prices on our ---- - -
is taken to plate driers. From these They do not act at once, but ex- Frl-
driers it is stored, and at time of ship- ert their influence more slowly, bien- $2.50 PER IPR TE CTING VtENEtI* 2 s PERM
weot Is ground and bagged. citing plant growth thitoghout the
Bone Meal.-The bones that are not season. CHEAPER THAN CLOTH OR LUMBER.
used in glue making are tanked. That Chemical investigation bears out the Address
is to say, they are cooked under pres- high place given to animal fertiliza-
sure for a few hours, only long tion by the masses. Blood ranks next
enough, however, to remove the fat. to the ntrautouo la vallAbillty. Tank-N A
This has proved to be the most econ- age ranks but little lower, and both
omical way of treating large quanti- are superior to nitrates in lasting ef- Sampson City, Flo ida
ties of bone waste for the production fects. The same is true of all animal
of bone meal. The short boiling pro- ammoniates. At the same time the *
ces leaves the greater part of the phosphoric acid in animal fertilizers,
glue-yielding cartilage Intact, elimin- be it in tankage or bone meal, is in
ates nearly all of the fat, and leaves splendid shape for assimilation.
the product in splendid mechanical l'he products of fertilizer works are
shape. Bone meal prepared in this hog tankage, bone meals, thigh bones,
way is treated in all respects as tank- forearm bones, buttock bones, raw
age. The water from the tank goes to bone stock, horns, horn piths, dried
the concentrators, while the bones blood, condensed blood tankage, white
ius m l o avr psaae awa aRa gpam--ua. t'talt "ua tl -L mY rl an rr i r lii
concentratedd Tankage.-The water low, nearsroot oil. It?\w gruasse. En- -
from the various tanks is pumped in ews, hoof meal, etc.-American Fer- 2____ a WATCHES
large tanks used for tis purpose. Ihe tilizer. WA TCHE
liquor is then run through a Yaryan
vacuum evaporator, and the product, PEN AND 0CISSOGS0 .
a highly nitrogenous substance, is re-
duced to a certain density. This sub- Persons of genius are more individual
stance is technically known as stick, than any other people and less capable,
and if dried will rapidly take up mois- consequently, of fitting themselves, with-
ture and liquefy and cannot be used out hurtful compression into any of the
in this shape as a fertlier. To over- numbers of moulds which society
come this most of the packers make provides in order to save its members PrO fe No1oe us a new Su"r and
use of a process known to the trade as the trouble of iorming their own char- Premium OferNo 1 y one
the Jobbias process, which consists in acters $2.0 n will tecyve an open-f.c, stem-wind
rendering Insoluble moat of the albu- and siadm-st wath, guaranteed by the *-u fcitrm for one year. Send your sbcrip-
minous substance of the stock, by A special car for invalids is being ions at once to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jackasovillk Fla.
treating it with a chemical containing built for the Saxon state railroads for
sulphate of Iron and aluminum. Al- the transportation of those who can af-
ter this chemical is added the stock is ford the expense of a whole car. It con- inches twenty pounds of coffee can be the prevailing winds. Fields and forests
dried in shallow pans and is ready for sists of three apartments with a:corridor ground in a minute and the work is not were buried and villages were over-
grinding. The product will keep in- on one side. One is for the sick person, in the least fatiguing. Mr. Dennis has whelmed by the advancing sand; mouths
definitely. and one of the others for the physicians, applied for a patent. of streams were blocked and lagoons
Hoof Meal.--On account of the and the third for attendants. Cooking * were pushed inland, invading and
value which white and striped boots apparatus and refrigerators are provid- A New Yorker who has just returned drowning fields and villages. Now, says
have in the various markets for the ed. It may be hired for use on any rail- from a visit to Mexico says that "many science, after many years of experimen-
manufacture of buttons and novelties, road in Europe provided it is not need- Americans are making fortunes out of tal effort and nearly a century of sys-
only imperfect and very dark hoofs ed at home. the mines throughout the republic. Al- tematic work, the advancing dunes have
are used in the manufacture of hoof e 0 ready there are five thousand silver been arrested. A half artificial dune or
meal. These are thoroughly steamed, The Italians are fond of sweets. At mines and over one thousand gold dike runs along the beach with a very
then kiln-dried and ground up and the the confectioner's it is not unusual to mines being operated and last year the gentle slope to the sea. Here the wear
Droduct bolted, so that is fine gronnd- ~s two or thrr rrany mustached Itala value of thrt metal cexorted wa near- of the winter storm_ mu!!t b repai.sd
vCt BasS.-Ti'S if fig a S i ian gentlemen enter, "pick out, one-a ly iorty million dollars. In no other during the succeeding summer. Next
bones from which cut bones are pre- cream cake, another a chocolate puff, a country in the world are cotton mills follows a protection zone, one to five
pared come tothe fertllaer faerory in- third a lemon cake, amicably eat them, paying such dividends on the capital in- thousand feet wide, covered with stunted
tact. The ends, called knuckles, are each pay for his own and go out. But a vested as those in Mexico,and new man- firs and bushes where the first strength
cut off by a circular saw, and the more ludicrous sight is to see a tall ufacturing plants of every description of the sea wind is expected. Then comes
shanks of the bones with the marrow cavalry officer, with nodding plump, are going up all over the republic. It the great artificial forest of firs and oaks
are put in vats and steamed just long long cloak, fiercely bewhiskered, booted has a great future and in developing it- under whose cover the invasion of the
enough to remove the marrow and and spurred, and with sword girt on self it is benefiting the business men of dune has entirely ceased.
grease. They are then put in racks to thigh, enter the candy-shop, buy a nick- the United States. The importation of a *
dry. From the racks they are sorted, el's worth of gum-drops, and go out machinery from this country in the last OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
according to weight, etc., the culls go- eagerly eating them. year amounted to over six million dol- For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
ing into raw bone stock. Cut bones *-- lars."-Waverly Magazine. away has so successfully treated
are classified as follows! Viry likely you would inncy that t W rulg tIS808 thUt MI IAi acltliowleg-
Long thigh bones, nine inches and Queen Victoria at home would be ex- When a Boer youth goes away on a ed to-day to stand at the head of his
over in length weighing 90 to 95 quisitely dressed, but such is not the courting expedition he is a sight for the profession in this line. His exclusive
pounds to the 100 pieces; short thigh case, for when she is at home. Her gods. He will be dressed up regardless method of treatment for Varleocele
bones, under aIte iaebe, 70 to 80 Majesty is simply attired in a black of expense, his hair will be well oiled and stricture without the aid of knife
pounds to the lM0 pieces; fat shin dress, not always of silk, and wears a and parted over his forehead, and his or cautery, cures in 10 per cent. of all
bones, 88 to 42 pounds to the 100 widow's cap, with small lappets at the face will have been scrubbed till it shines cases. In the treatment of loss of
pieces; round shin bones, 45 to 50 back, her silver hair plainly brushed on again;his horse will be groomed to per- Vital forces, Nevous Disorders, Kid-
pounds to the 100 pieces; forearm either side of her temples. Upon her fection, his saddle cleaned, and his stir ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
bones, and buttock bones. fingers are plain memorial rings, and she rup-irons, bits, and spurs burnished like ais, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
Most of the heavy bones go to invariably wears a bracelet having the silver, and he will mount and start off at tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
France and Japan as material for portrait of her latest grandchild or a hard gallop to visit his inamorata. he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
tooth brush handles. great grandchild placed in it as a me- After a three month's courtship the mar- away's practice is more than double
ljorns,-The horns, after being de- dallion. The queen always has a hand- riage will take place, and the neighbors that of any other speclalit. Cases
tached from the skulls, are steamed kerchief, bordered with lace, resting in for fifty miles around will drive over, pronounced hopeless by other physi-
for a few moments so that the horn her hands as they lie folded in her lap, and the quiet farm will be given over to clans, rapidly yield to his treatment.
pith can be easily removed. They the survival of an ancient fashion, riotous merriment for three days and Write him to-day fully about your case.
pit can be e easily removed They ae nights: after which the guests will de- He makes no charge for consultation
and quality into three piles, the fist Melvin O. Dennis, who has a grocery part and the young man will setti or advice, either at his office or by
containing horns averaging 10e store on Broadway, says the Denver down to dream away the balsace of his mall. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D. 25
pound to tho0 p aes, te seond News, comes forward with a new coffee life in a placid calm, unless some unfor- Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.
pounds to the 100 pieces, andhe grinder. It is attached to a stationary seen circumstance, such as war, occurs
75 po ndstthe pece, and the bicycle and, by mounting the saddle and to call him away to more stirring scenes. Oranges have been selling in this mar-
Horns are the most valuable product vigorously working the pedals, he grinds ket this week for 20 cents per dozen.
of the fertilizer factory, as they eas- ten pounds of coffee in a minute, profits The dunes of Gascony are most re- They have begun to turn yellow.-New
lf sell at $225er 175a and 125 per ton by the exercise, saves time and money. markable. They rise, in one case, as high! Smyrna Breeze.
y Attached to the sprocket wheel is a as two hundred and ninety feet and very
for the three grades, hoos and cut chain which works the ordinary coffee frequently rise to over one hundred feet
bones ranking next In value. The n which works the ordinary coffeefe ny
bones ranking next tn .he iu2 fac- grinder by the pedal movement. The over a belt of several miles wide and
r are sent to the f- frame of the bicycle is mounted on irons one hundred and fifty miles long. Near
tory. similar to the contrivances seen in gym- the sea the ridges lie north and south
Animal Product Compoiltion.-A nasiums for muscular exercise by wheel- parallel with the shore. Further inland
close study of the composition of an- men. By gearing the machine to ioo they trend east and west, parallel with


I


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THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


WVTIH IH JOXXZB.
"Thin are comin my way," she remarked.
Fortunately the two dudes approaching did
not hea the remark. But possibly they would
not have understood it anyway.-Chicago Post.
A ulis 1dw .x.1 is tIh m yutr lfor int
first time saw a hen aratehing in the garden.
"Oh mother," she exclaimed, "here's a hen
wiping her boots. Do look."-Columbus Dia-
patch.
Mis Smart-How are your eyes now, Mr.
Mr. eingMuch better, thank you. I
have had them examined by an expert oculist.
and he put something in to dilute the pupils.
-Judge
"We must al die some time," said the sym-
athizing friend.
*True," replied the invalid, "quite true, but
I have noticed that there are some things in
which none of us is seeking precedence."-
Chicago Post.
"You're not food of mathematical calcula-
tion.'
ay, I Sat a with figurra all right $ys-
town, but got nearly deranged when I have
to audit my wife's accounts"-Chicago Record.
Mammy-Why do you call him "Jonesy?"
Johnny-Well, o see, his name is Jones,
but we call him Jonesy" or short.-Puck.
It was on a west side cable. The stout Teo
ton woman with the little boy handed the coa-
doctor a twodollar bill
"Smalltr yron have?" inuired the conductor.
as ia IA a" PHn nras 1D lie aws h-
et.
She thought he meant the little boy.
"Nen," she responded. "I haf one home
only dree months old alretty."
Then the laugh was on the conductor.-
Tacoma News.
A certain German professor of music, to be
met with in English drawing-rooms is an en-
tertainig old gentleman.
To him recently a lady said, when one of
his compositions had just been rendered by
one of the guests:
"How do yon like the rendering of your
Vos dot my ang?" replied the professor.
"I did not know him."-Tit-Bits.
"I come from the far west," said one con-
gressman. "and I am proud to proclaim my-
self a resident of the land of the setting sun."
"Yesa" answered the colleague from nearby,
"I don't blame you fr being a little botful.
I can't help envyin you every time I think
of the mila "-ashngton Star.
"Dinsmore contends that the lynx is really
the mixing link," said Fosdiek to Keedick.
"Is this a play on words?"
"No it isn't. Fosdick contends that the
ynx connects golfers with human beings."-
Town Topics.
Daughter-Oh, papa, I've just got the most
lovely yachng costume you ever saw.
Papa (lbily--I'm glad you like it.
Daughter-It's too sweet for anything. Now
all we need is a yacht.-N. Y. World.
"Mullins always perfumes his paper money,"
said Cumso.
"Does he think that purifies it?" asked Caw-
ker.
"No but it adds another scent to every dol-
lar bil."-Town Topics.
Farmer ore--3o 6Inc tcaencr ai d yW u Ira
a chip of the old block, eh? The impudent
virago. What ad yo been doing?"
Bobby Greene-"Why, I had been standing
at the head of my class in everything, and-'
Father Greene-"Just as I thought, my boy.
Miss Jones is a most estimable and discerning
young lady and I shall recommend her to the
trustees for a raise of salary."-Judge.
"I notice Mrs. Smith looks very weary,
"es she has to do all her own housework
since her daughter joined a Helping Hand
Club and goes out five days in the week trying
to teach slum women how to care for their
homes."
"It's impossible for you to lift yourself up
by your bootstraps, isn't it Johnny?" asked
the teacher of the small pupil.
"Yes'm1" answered Johnny.
"Now,' continued the teacher, "can you tell
me why it is impossible?"
"I gues it's because I wear shoes," was the

"Did you have any words with your mis-
tress which caused you to leave your last
place?"
"Niver a wor-rd. Sure, an' Of locked her
in the bath-room, and took all me things, and
slipped out as quiet as yea plase."-Bazar.
She-"I heard that you said I reminded you
of the North Pole don't try to deny it."
He-"Of corse I did. You are so sought
after, you know."
Critic-"I must congratulate you on the vil-
lain of your play. He leaves the impression
of having been drawn from life."
Antho-"He was. I may say to you that
he i an exact portrait of myself as my wife
depicts me."
Sitter (from Hawville)-"What's this picture
back of me?"
Photographer-"That is a painting of the
Hotel de Ville Paris. It makes a nice back-
grond for a photograph supposed to be
taken out of doors."
Sittm--"It's al right. Wait till I get out
my toothpick. Now go ahead."-Chicago
Tribune.
Edith-They say he is independently rich.
=thI-Ah. Then he must bachelor.


"My husband, the professor, works all tht
time on his theory to establish perfect har
money between man and the universe."
"Do you assist him?"
"Dear me, no; I've got all I can do to
keep cook in good humor-he's always late tC
his meals."-Chicaro Record.
It was raining hard and Freddy was looking
out of the window. In a minute, clapping
his hands with delight, he exclaimed: "Oh,
mother, the raindrops are kissing the puddles."
-Columbus Dispatch.
"How is it that Johnson writes so beauti-
fully of the true and noble in humanity."
"Probably because he has known so many
contemptible rascals."-Brooklyn Life.
Summer Boarder-What kind of fowls are
those?
Farmer Landlord-Plymouth Rocks.
Summer Boarder-Oh, yes. They're the kind
that lays the corner stones, ain't they?--Chi-
cago Inter Ocean.
She-This love that you tell me about all
seems so new, so strange.
He-Why. hasn't anyone ever made love to
you VF IlwB
She-Oh ye. But not for fully three weeks.
-DetroitFree Press.
"Must I tell you once more to stop that
noise?" asked the mother.
"I'd just as leif you wouldn't mother," re-
plied the supernaturally bright boy.-Philadel-
phia North American.


n ,.i VIa PENIIINSULARK C U; U IN I AL
AND
HAVANA STEATISHIP CO.
NOVA SCNTrA,
NOVA SC NA, via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
CAPEBRETO& SBTEAM8HIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbury
P-iCE EDWA.. "and Charlottetown.
ISLAND...

Winter Tourist Tickets
Will be on sale throughout the NORTHERN, EASTERN, WESTERN AND
SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORID A RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May l1st. with liberal stop.
over privileges in Florida.
ADDRESS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the underigned will
be liberally supplied with ALL INFO RMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
VERTISING MATTER.

For Information u to rate, sleepin-e ar service, reservation et., write to
F. M. JOLLY, Division Pasenger Agt.
188 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacknmavl IPMarMs.
W. B. DENHAM, B. W. WRENN.
Gen. Supt. Pa. Trafle Mng'r.
SAVANNAH. GEORGIA.


OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.


z2-inch barrel, weight 4 p ds.
Carefully bored and teted. For
) .25 and .32 rim-fre cartridges.
No. 17.
Plain Open Sights, $6.004
S^s No. ,18.

Ask our dealer for the" FAVO-
RITE." If he doesn't keep it we
will send, prepaid, on receipt of
price.
Send stamp for complete cata-
lone showing our full line, with val-
S able information regarding rifes
and ammunition in general.

J. STETEISl AID TOOL CO.
P. 0. Bo,
CEH4CO1s PALLS MASS
v h1-u-u-u-u-u


"SAVANNAH LINE"


BY LAND AND SEA...

FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
PROM ..

FLORIDA TO NEW YORK.
BOSTON AND"" EAST.

SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, OEORGIA.
Thence via Palatial Bxpress Steamships. saaims from Savrnmah, Pour Ships acr week
to New York and making close equetlon with New York-1ston ship or sound Iano.
An ticket agents and hotels are suppled with amotly sding slhedules. Write
for general information, uslig schedules, stateroom raervastosa, or eSl o
EI. M. MINTON. Trafe r., L WAITS BAWIDM, em Ga. Ac
hsvaunahGo- Sat W. Day.t., Jacklona. k,


/


~-I- __ ---


r. I


PLANT 5YSTEfI,.

The Orwl Tbrouup Crw Ur F lr.

CONNECTIONS.

THE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, via Charles on,
To The Richmond and Wbsington.
THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co
lumbia and Washington.
"a All iaU

W JtE T The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
TO Th@ 'The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevl.I
The Mobile & Ohio B. via Montgomery.

Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
To The as York, Philadelphia and Boston.
Yin gsyamvnah an itrs M ants &I MtNr.- TF'rr-
iion Company for Baltimore.
To tFV WF h
To ICPY IWQT ... s..s.st... a -


U


0 0 0 0









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


IOMDIANA.

There are twenty carloads of stone at
Panama on the side track awaiting
barges from Mayport on which the
stone will bi loaded and towed to the
mouth of the river, to be used on the
jetty work.-St. Augustine Record.
Lieutenant Singleton, of the engineer
corps, with a force of assistants, has
been in Carrabelle for the purpose of
surveying Crooked river channel from
Carrabelle to twelve feet of water in
the open bay.
Speaking of potatoes, we questioned
three prominent farmers during the past
week regarding the probable yield of the
present crop. One of them said he
would gather 250 bushels per acre, the
second said he wpuld get 360, while the
third was confident his crop would yield
from 3oo to 400 bushels to the acre.-
Lake City Citizen-Reporter.
It is claimed by most everyone that
the cotton crop is much smaller this
year than it was last, yet there are more
cotton gins running in the county than
ever known before and the crop seems
to be holding up pretty well. In many
sections of the county parties conduct-
ing gins have doubled their capacity.-
Gainesville Sun.
It has just been learned that the Rus-
sell A. Alger syndicate will build a rail-
road from Foshee, Ala., to Pensacola,
running through the timber land recent-
ly acquired by that company. A large
mill will be erected at Foshee, and a
branch factory of the American Car
company at Molino. Fla.-Ex.
N. E. Benson, of Gainesville, has dis-
played wonderful ingenuity in the de-
signing and making of an arrangement
by which he will not only be awakened
by an alarm of fire, but the same alarm
will perform the astonishing feat of
lighting his gas, lighting his lantern and
putting the top on same.
'r";&.' UiiB Mswdr irno paying
well. Some days four men with two
small boats bring in over $25 worth.
There are now about twenty-five men
staying there who earn their living by
fishing. These young men are, we are
plsa-.d to report, a fle, intelligent cll
of boys.
In looking over the records of this
county, back in the sixties, E. C. Wim-
berly came across a queer deed, in which
a negro by the name of Joseph Val-
entine, who was a free negro, rather
than be a poor free man, sold himself to
Mr. Philip Dell, of Newnansville. and
Ugi ai al irc. The transaction took
place in 1862, on October I4, the negro
then being twenty-two years of age.-
Gainesville cor. of T.-U. & C.
Thomas Malone, a fisherman, living
in Key West, died a day or two ago
from the result of a dose of carbolic
acid, taken by mistake for aguardiente.
He had been fishing, and came home
with a severe pain, and asked his wife
t IZ? him tirea setk 9& tis t. -,
shelf. She gave him the carbolic acid
bottle by mistake, and he took a large
quantity. He fell to the floor and died a
few minutes afterward before aid could
be given him.-Ex.
The following business was trans-
acted in the United States land office for
the quarter ending September 30: Two
hundred and nine homestead entries,
25,715.56; 159 final homestead entries,
20,349.32 acres; 6o excess cash entries,
49.90: eight commuted homesteads, 808.-
34 acres; four school indemnity selec-
tions, 2,551.53 acres; two special swamp
indemnity selections, 4o1,80 acres.--
Gainesville Sun.
It is not often that people see their
grandmother married, yet several in
Tampa did so Thursday afternoon of
last week. Mr. Charles E. Sherrill, of
Chicago, and Mrs. Victoria Brandon, of
Brandon, Fla., were married at that time
and place. The groom is sixty years
old and the bride is fifty.-Sumter
County Times.
Letters patent have been issued for the
inctTpratiom a8tf s Ue iJfS Limber
company at Orange Park, with a capital
stock of $ao,ooo, to buy and operate
planing mills, logging outfits and.manu-
facture yellow pine lumber, cross-ties,
cypress and other lumber, operating
steamboats, lighters and other vessels
and dealing in general merchandise.
The incorporators are Cuylor W. Hilli-


ard, Robert L Hilliard and Cicero A.
Hilliard.-Tallahasseean.
A new town will be built across the St.
Johns river from Jacksonville. Ex-
United States Senator Call is the chief
of tne local promoters, but New York,
Boston and Philadelphia capitalists are
supposed to be financiering the scheme.
Senator Call in speaking of the project,
says: "It will be a resident town ex-
clusively with magnificent boulevards
and tropical parks. It will be provided
with distinct electric lights, electric car
and water systems. It is intended to be
a model home town." The incorpora-
tion papers are expected this week, and
then, it is claimed by the promoters,
work will begin immediately.-Ex.
Frank Clark, chairman of the state
democratic committee, has issued a let-
ter to the democrats of Florida, asking
that a monument be built to the mem-
ory of the late George F. Drew, once
governor of Florida, whose beautiful
death was typical of his life. Devoted to
his wife, the aged statesman died with-
in a few hours of her, grieving for her
loss, as he sat in a chair near the room
in which all that was earthly of her was
left.-T.-U. & C.
The P. Sanford Ross dredging com-
pany have finished deepening the river
at Orange Mills, and the dredge with
flags flying was towed up to the city in
the afternoon, by the tug Kate Cannon.
At low tide now there is a depth of 14
feet at the Flats, while the water is 17
feet deep at high tide. The dredge-and
scows were then towed out on their
way to Savannah and whistled an adieu
as they passed through the drawbridge.
-Palatka Advertiser.
Mr. Alex. Merrill, of the Merrill-
Stevens company of Jacksonville, was in
town last week and bought the schooner
Dove which went ashore near the inlet
last week. The price paid for the schoon-
er was $Ioo. The tug, Three Friends,
ing crew and the schooner was pulled oft
at high tide Thursday morning and
towed to Jacksonville where it will be
put in thorough repair.-New Smyrna
Breeze.
The troubles between the cigar manu-
facturers and the cigarmakers were no
nearer settlement after their recent
meeting than before. The committee
representing the association of manufac-
turers, composed of Messrs. Vicente
Guerra, Enrique Pendas and F. Vidal
Cruz, were unable to agree on terms of
settlement with the committee repre-
2snfin thbs wra ner clctors- ThE REi
sistencia union held another meeting
later, but did not decide'on the proposi-
tion outlined. This union has been con-
sidering the idea of isolating the San-
chez & Haya factory and confining the
contemplated strike to that one factory,
but has, as yet, failed to agree on the
idea.-Tampa Tribune.
The Plant steamer St. Lucie from Fort
Myers. ig to have an e-tensive averhaul-
i f9. i9 fT7 ifs W-iff Gec made 'on i0e
boat's machinery by the Tampa Foundry
and Machine Works. The vessel will be
put in excellent condition for the im-
mense winter business which is ex-
pected in that section of the state. The
H. B. Plant will be the companion boat
on this run during the winter.-Tampa
cor. of T.-U. & C.


FITS FOR S1 I will send you a
F I prescription or formula.
Your druggist can compound it. The
medicine will cure epileptic fits and
nervous diseases. I will also send diet
list. C. D. KNAPP, Avon Park, Fla.



FERRY
$REDS

Thouaandn ofgarden.-
every year and never auffr
disappointment. Cheap oulati-
tutes bring losn not paying crop
It pays to pay a little more for
FERRY's SxD. Five cent per paper
rverywhere, and always worth I
Always the Beet. 19eOed Annualf.
1. N. FEINTAtmGtL KTW *


WiMN CHESTER
91F IEW RIVAL 0


a blacF poAwr C thORY m E wit tAhe BW RIVAL lS
Na beck powdu sbeft on tbe markt cons wi tbe NBW RIVAL" is well
iseetyoaetre oaelg iniltles. Sure fie Mld wtpre. Get the lMlM.
Egr-al EPATU EA C-. -. . grh., C.,





Florida Esa.t Coast Ry.


inTII BOUUND (Read D'iwc.)


44fB
0W


It.'o.e. %0.46
Daily Daily No..


Lvo....
LT....
Ar ...

LA....
Lv....
tr....
L ....
Lv....










r.

sss
JL "'


In Meot Sept. I UO. (R1 UP) NOl UO amD"
L. STATION. No. Si
....Jack.ou lle ........Ar ....

as PaaSoha S 2
....... Pam t .......... Lv s ......
... IPat AW l ...... ... .. .
....... M teo .......... .
..... an a stm ......... Ar TI r ............
...atP Palatka.........Ar 6 T743i-p f 58V
... ...Osnotd...........Lr Up T ......
.......I ytoma....... ...L 8 p SIa ......
.....ortO .. ip a......
....New Smr........ "8 Oa s 2~6 0 O ~
.......Oak Hill ........... B" 8 ), ..... t.p to f
......Titasvllle .......... 2:. ...... lup, 1 d

..... ......... ............
..., W bourne. ......... Ui ......
.....ot. Pi .......... 1 ', ...... ..... 5P |
...... 1.C tP a .......... '" p ............ 0 |-

.............. u ..... ......

........at rt .. .......... ) J ..........
...... tPm io n .........." i a ...........
....... Bte st, L .......... .............
. to... n Pa n ......... ... ........
. ....._.._.._....... .... .........

.... L iy ....... .. ...........
.... i. ia....i ..... v 7l .... .


Bdu d Parlor car on Traini ., and ft
Between Jaelmenlleo. Mablo Beah ask a Ma"ort.


LN N e.11%19


BwTAIONs.


~Ilfll 'iI~ ....:..l'_aa~i~, ....... .. 710 O0Tn ...
h.Jacksovlll. ...........Ar T.Lia 5fiA Iri Jp
11ibjlj Pg Jcksovle.........Lv1TSafI plgI


a] -__ m_ .L. t.. ._ ................... .. ......--.
etwee Mnew yma sA Orage Between Tituarville mand asufi
Clty Jum-tm. .l STATIO t. eon
J. 8T" ATIO A L .......... Thetua i ..........
-ew ir gf ...........60 ........ mi ...
.....Otn a %_eo........

AC trta bJntwi New maal d On All truids between TltOuan dt
OIty Junction daly oept sunday. dally except Suada.


IrxM Tn rable how m eu t whidh traic -m y be expeotd o ai A 4H0
iw tM several stati, out their arrivl or deparure t the f mee ad l w et i
tL nor doe the Oompany hold itelt respouable fr y delay or any emmqmeM aM
~thaimn~m


Peninsular and Occidental S. 5. Co.
COONZOTIONS AT MIAMI.
&a ffTAFAMA L"WS. r f
Lmw Miami Tuesdays .............. 11.00 i. m. Arrxte eyWeZtWedWeed..... a,
Leve Ky Wet Wedesday ....... .p.m. Arri ere E Taunda ........ aHm.
Lve Hava Thursdays.......... m. Anve l esytT ......... u. m.
Key West Thursda ........ 80 .0 ArrvT li day...........,,,, i


KEY WEST LINB. -
L F-hm4aml riday.................11.00m. P Arr* Xe t tud*rd.ay........ am.
T Key West Sundays............ o6.80 m Arriv Niansm a .............
P'osars for HavaTna can leav Mlmi .ida 1.00 p. ni arlTing Ke w se
110 a. m., and remain in Key West uitil 9. 0 p.m. Bo.SAy oiOwlag, and as tam I
Sath tesship "Olivette," arriving HLVaM Monday metaL .


for eipy of local time card addrei any Agt.


MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.


Florida
New York
Phila-
delphia &
Boston
From Brunswick direct to
New York.


emanWmmWWWWWW....w


Pasenger Service.
To make close connec-
tions with steamers leave
Jacksonville (Union de-
pot) Thursdays 8:15 a. m.
(F. C. & P. By.) or Fernan-
dina 1:30 p. m., via Cum-
berland steamer; meals
en route, or "all rail" via
Plant System at 2:00 p. m.,
ar. Brunswick 6:00 p. m.
passengers on arrival go-
ing directly aboard steam
er.


PROPOSED AsILINGS for Aug.. 1900.
ff6if s~i6Ui~ -5fNiii .t, Di. KiC TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY 4S FOLLOWS:
S. S. COLORADO.. .................................... Oct. 12
S. 8. RIO GRANDE ........... .................. ........... Oct. 19
8. S. COLORADO .. ........... .... ... ..... ....... Oct. 26
S. S. RIO GRANDE... ...... .......... ........ .......... Nov. 2
For lowest rates, reservations and full information apply to
BASIL GILL,
220 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville, Ba.
H. H. Raymond, Agent, Fernandina, Fla.
C. H. Malllory & Co., General Agents, Pier 21, E. R., New York.


^_ _ _


V-


___ _


...... ....,. I ,.


~ ~ I I I I I_ I I -


to teefm


Ir:

se3
r


.,


I


A o*A0








6


Simon Pure


Fertilizers


--ARE --



4 Time-Tried and Crop-Tested! 4

Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the


GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.

If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thoroughly tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Ammonlates:

NITRATE SODA,
DRIED BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BONE,
TANKAGE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
CASTOR POMACE,


Potashes:
*MIA-TC PSTAU6!W
EiII-I ciADlib FOTAsH.
LOW GRADE POTASH,
KAINIT,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
Phosphoric Acids:
DISSOLVED BONE,
ACID PHOSPHATE,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,


Miscellaneous:

LIME.
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS,
BLUE STONE,
CAUSTIC SODA,
LAND PLASTER,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON,


OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen-
Tobacco Materials:
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleashed and to con
tain all their fertilizing and insecticide
properties.


WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO

E. 0. PAINTER & CO., = = Jacksonville, Fla"


beyond Xy Expectation.
B. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilier on the L. P. T. Pinery, the re-
saBl waA bsy2aA MI- ERg-t. on.- Bo-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
Very respectfully,
A. M. Temple.
Osteen, Fla., Sept. 27, 1900.
The Be"t eaults.
R. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonvte, Fla.
Gentlemen:-We have been well
leased with all fertilizers purchased


from you and can recommend your
brands to any one wishing the best re-
sults. Very respectfully,
J. S. Latimer & Son.
Little River, Fla., Sept. 24, 1900.
Used Three Hundred Tons a Year.
E. O. Painter d Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:- I have used your ferti-
lizer ever since you began making it
and have used from 200 to 300 tons of
it a year before the freeze of 1894 and
1895. Since then have used it right
along on orange trees and there are no
better trees in the country than I have
to show. I also used your goods on
canteloupes and tomatoes and I am so
well pleased with results that I shall


plant from 20 to 40 acres of tomatoes
and 10 to 20 acres of canteloupes next
spring. That shows you what I think
of your goods. Yours truly,
Matt Zeigler.
UtLui, PWI,, Bi;lt. iW,
4 *
Reports Satisfactory Results.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:--During the past three
or four years we have been using your
fertilizers exclusively for vegetables,
pineapples and oranges and we are
very much pleased with the results.
Have had the opportunity to recom-
mend your fertilizers several times to
other growers, and they also report


satisfactory 'results. Yours very truly,
Clifford Orange Co.
Citra, Fla., Sept 20, 1900.

*iy W ~ a i ai; 5gI,
tion.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fa.
Gentlemen:-I have considered your
state my future home and may get
there yet. The Agriculturist has given
me more pointers than any paper I
have read, even for this and more
northern latitudes. Many an item has
been worth the year's subscription.
Yours truly,
W. H. Chaddock,
Rogers, Ark., Sept. 17, 1900.


A High-Grade Fertilizer

-MUS-T HAV


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"THJi IDEAL" BRANDS
hhbi HAVE THESE. lm
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi i
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE............... $30.0o per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER ior aft cm). ....... ..co per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE............o per ton IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.. A'$28. o per ton
IDEALPOTATOMANURE........SPECIAL MIXTURE No. ............... 8.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............$3o00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER.....................$20oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT J.ZR COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE FLA.
Wg alVo oe-s M4 3d floe, $1&00 pwer m Deauala4 G~*, M I ktal rmrw, Wlt. pw m.


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


664