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Vol. XXVII, No. 42. Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wedesday, Oct. 17, 19W. Whole No. 1394
49. Oak Leaved.-Leaves light
glossy green, irregularly lobed on
on sides or pinnatifid and nar-
raw towards end, edges not den-
t ate, and without projecting
points where the veins termi-
nate. Plants 12 i n c h e s across.
leaves numerous, spreading out
one above another in a dense
mass but not forming heads.
The leaves become more or less
blanched, due to their crowded
position, and remains edible
longer than those of heading
kinds. They are also smaller and
more conveniently served than
the Early Curled Silesian,
Fig 1.-Early Curled Silesia or Sios nPlant u but hardly as crisp or free from
inches across bitterness. There is another form of
Clasl.sthemo pand Demeriptibn ato the the Oak-Leaved lettuce that has short-
er leaves, which are lighter colored and
Varieti at Garden M la e. truncated at the end, otherwise re-
(Continued from last week.) sembling the above.
Following is the conclusion of the 50. Mignonette.-Leaves bronze green,
BulLAtin of the New Jersey Experi- curled and twisted edges, with minute
meat station on lettuce varieties: stiff points and scattering small teeth,
40. Boston Curled.-Leaves green, wavy and undulating, often turning in-
spreading out upon the ground; edges ward, general surface considerably
UmlIy dentate, and the margins so crumpled, under side of midrib green.
elped and twisted that the points near- Plants dwarf, 6 to 8 inches across,
ly or quite obscure the surface of the forming conical heads of unusual sol-
leaves. The plants form a rosette upon idity. So tightly do the leaves fold to-.
the ground but do not head. Seed, gether that few blossom stalks are
black. Seldom planted, except for va- formed unless the heads are cut open
riety. to allow them to push through. Seed,
47. Endive-Leaved Lettuce (Chico-
ree a Couper of the Fr.).-Leaves green
peculiarly cleft and incised nearly to
the midrib, the lobes narrow, dentate
on the edges, curled on the ends. In ap
pearance this variety resembles the
Boston Curled, but the plant is scarce-
ly one-half as large, And the leaves of
that variety are only curled at the
edges and not cleft. Seed, black, very
small, obtained from France. The
leaves of this variety are especially
good for garnishing meats, but not
equal to those of larger kinds for sal-
ads. The plants are the first to go to
48. Green Fringed (Frisee de Cali-
fornia of the Fr.).-Leaves dull green,
thiek and nearly smooth except at the
margins, where much more lamina is
developed than can spread out flat, and
this Is curled and frilled so that it
forms points of irregular size and
length which project in all directions,
giving the leaves a fringed appearance.
Plants of this variety have few leaves
which lie flat upon the ground. They
bear the heat unusually well and send
up blossom stalks later than most oth-
er kinds, but the leaves are never ten-
der, and the variety has little to rec-
ommend it except Its peculiar form.
S k40miu IV-lie A-i
gins. The plants are 12 to 15 Inches
across, and form large light colored
heads, which are rather firm but loose
at the base; the leaves are also coarse
and strongly curved, objections com-
mon to type of lettuce. There is a let-
tuce known as Marblehead Mammoth.
which is very much like the above, if
not identical with it. Seed, white.
53. Bossin.-Leaves yellowish green,
shaded with bright red, particularly
along the nerves and on the edges, as-
cending, broad at the end, with promin-
ent points which turn slightly forward;
surface but little crumpled, heads loose
at the base, surrounded by numerous
spreading leaves. Seed, black, ob-
tained from France.
54. Bellegarde.-Leaves brown nearly
all over, plants resembling the Bossin,
but smaller. Seed, black, obtained from
France. Both this and the preceding
are inferior varieties, and are only
grown in localities where the plants
are allowed to remain in the field dur-
ing the winter.
55. Brown Batavian.-Leaves dark
dull green, shaded with brown, under
side of midrib purplish, tall, broad at
the end, edges puckered with project-
ing points where the veins terminate,
and deeply dentate on the sides. Tex-
ture of the leaves, thick, leathery, sur-
face uneven; general appearance of
the plants coarse. Seed, white, ob-
tained from France.
Fig. 19.-White Silesian Lettuce. Plant 1 foot across.
black. A distinct variety, unattractive 56. Prize Head.-Leaves red or red-
in appearance but forming very solid dish both above and below, margins
heads, even in hot weather, which keep thickly beset with points, some of
remarkably well after cutting, which turn up and others
51. White Silesian (Batavia Blonde down; lamina much distorted
of the Fr.).-Leaves of the young with irregular elevations and
plants yellowish green, edges shaded depressions, general surface
with red, finely dentate and a little appearing curly and rounded
curly. The leaves are broadly rounded up above the midrib, the end
at the ends and rather narrow towards and sides of leaves usually
the base, lamina sometimes raised turning downward. Plants
above the nerves, but more frequently large and leafy, often two feet
bending downward, the veins appear- across, but not forming heads.
ing embossed above it. Seed, white. Seed, white. Apparently an
A very old variety, now not as well American type, quite generally
known as the Iceberg, which is hardly grown for family use. The
distinguishable from it. plants are usually vigorous and
52. Iceberg.-Similar to the best endure hot weather better, per-
forms of the White Silesian, which is haps, than any other kind of
an older name for the type. This is one equally good quality. They al-
of the beat heading aslatiol of let- Ig da WII ll i 1fly off"a UB 1
tuce having leaves with dentate mar. late fall,
Fig. 16.-Boston Cured. Plant 8 inches across.
57.-Tomhannock.-Very closely re-
sembling, and, perhaps identical with
58. Onondaga.--Smaller than No. 56
and the leaves a little more curly,
otherwise like that variety. Seed,
59. Chartier.'-Leaves reddish brown,
edges dentate and slightly gyrose, not
a heading variety. Hardly distinct
from No. 56. Seed, white. The Char-
tier Pink is identical with the Chartler.
60. Batavin Cos.-Leaves greenslight-
ly tinged with red, ascending with the
ends bending downward, under side of
midrib more or less purplish,edges curl-
ing regularly up and down, with small
points at the end, but not distinctly
dentate; lamina raised between the
nerves, particularly in the center of the
leaves along the midvein, apparently
an intermediate form between the Cos
and cabbage lettuces. Seed, black, ob-
tained from France.
61. Brown Geneva Cos (Romaine
Brune de Geneve of the Fr.).-Leaves
greenish, faintly tinged with purple
or red, rather narrow, growth nearly
erect, edges smooth at the end of the
leaves and with few points on the sides
towards the base, midrib purplish on
the under side; surface of the leaves
very little crumpled and nearly flat,
plants grow rapidly and head naturally
but the heads are improved by tying.
Seed, black, obtained from France.
62. Red Winter Cos. (Romaine
Rouge d'Hiver of the Fr.).-Leaves
dark red on. the upper side and red-
ish beneath, ascending or nearly erect,
spatulate 12 to 16 inches long, 3 to 4
inches wide, and tapering slightly
toward the apex, edge at end
of leaf nearly smooth or at least
not dentate, surface flat or spoon-
shaped, r occasionally with the margins
turned backward. Seed, black. The
plants grow slowly but form moderate-
ly firm heads in cool weather without
is. lU.--rssa Frinaa Latlust, Flasi 12
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
6S. &Cmad ioEi (J8S.S9
Pomme en Terre of the Fr.--
Leaves radk, glossy green, ~; to
8 inches high and 1% to 2 in-
ches wide, a little crumpiehd on
either side of the midrib, which
is fleshy and slightly trarislu-
-- cent, edges smooth near apex
S and the points, if any on the
sides with rounded ends. A
dwarf variety slightly resemb-
between it and the Paris White
Cos. On very rich soil it forms
small heads close to the sur-
Fig. 18.--Ok-leaved Letuce. Plant 1 foot across,. face of the ground. Seed, black.
tying. The leaves forming the heads 69. Asparagus Cos.-Leaves bright
have little red upon them. green above; dull beneath, 1 foot or
63. Bath or Brown Cos (Romaine more long, 1 to 2 inches wide in the
Brune Anglaise of the Fr.).-Leaves middle, tapering to a point at the end
dull green, leathery, midrib purplish on and becoming narrow towards the
under side, edges conspicuously dentate base; edges smooth near the apex and
near the apex, and the points turn up- more or less dentate on the sides; sur-
wards slightly; general surface of the face smooth, growth upright, not a
leaves nearly smooth, growth upright heading variety, blossom stalks 4 feet
or a little aloinsrli, inner IL veo form- high. Although very distinct in ap-
ing a loose bunch in the center. Seed, ipraiti-r tBl ~eiIum to tm only an Im.
black. A coarse and inferior kind proved form of Latuca sativa without
There Is another variety resembling-the specific peculiarities in the inflores-
above, but having white seeds, which is cence, yet it has been described as Lac-
known as the white-seeded Brown Cog. tuca angustana. There is another form
The Chicon Palatine of the French of the Asparagus Cos with reddish
differs from the Brown Cos in having stems and bronze leaves that is less
greener leaves, which are blotched as oOnnton than the above.
well as shaded with red, and the edges As a garden esculent the Asparagus
of the leaves are less distinctly dentate
at the ends, there is also less purple on
the under side of the midrib. Seed,
black, obtained from France.
64. Paris White Cos (Romaine Blonde
Maraichere of the Fr.).-Leaves green.
ascending, broadly spatulate, 12 to 15
smooth or slightly wavy near the apex,
projecting points or lobes numerous on
the sides, particularly near the base.
Surface of the outer leaves a little rais-
ed between the larger nerves, surface
of the inner leaves considerably folded.
The heads are 8 to 12 inches high.
rounded at the ends, firm, and weigh
from 12 to 24 ounce s each. In quality
this variety is 'hardly surpassed by any
kind of lettuce. It is customary to tie
the leaves together when the heads are
fearmingl, fitLhuh when the plants are
well grown this is not necessary. Tle
Paris White Cos is grown all over the
world and represents perhaps the
highest type of the Cos lettuce. Other Fig 21.-Brown Batavia Lettu
varieties closely resembling the above,
and which appear to be hardly distinct
from it, are the Trianon Cos and the
Paris Self-folding Cos. The White
Heart and Dwarf White Heart, if dis-
tinct varieties, differ but little from the
Paris White Cos and are inferior to it.
65. Paris Green Cos (Romaine Verte
Maraichere of the Fr.).--Leaves a lit-
tle deeper green than those of the Paris
White oe. andi thli nlante R~at Aquto l
large but maturing a few days earlier.
Otherwise like the Paris White Cos.
66. Hardy Winter Cos.-L e a v e s
rough, texture of the leaVes leathery.
5m5s, wrote, obtained from rigrianii.
67. Balloon Cos.--Leaves light green,
nearly upright, 10 to 12 inches long and
3 to 4 inches wide; margins uneven
near the apex, but not regularly den-
tato, sioes with projactln teeth or
lobes. Surface a little crumpled,
midrib and larger nerves translucent. Fig. 24.-Paoris White Cos L
Plants leafy and the heads not very Cos lettuce has little value although
firm even when tied. Seed, clet hs lttle lu alnwh
tained from England and France. An- the fleshy midribs are tender, Juicy and
otahed from Englan d and F e pleasing to the taste if gathered just
other variety with lighter colored and a before the blossom stalks show in the
little narrower leaves, but resembling center of the plants.
the above otherwise, was obtained from
France under the name Romaine The African Hoed Cucumber
Blonde sans Pareille. According to the best information I
can get, the cucumber is a native of
Middle and South Asia. Because the
common cucumber is of Asiatic ori-
gin, it is no sign that some varieties.
not as common, originated there or
were discovered in some other conti-
nent than Asia. In some instances such
was the case. Over thirty centuries
a.o. at least so those say that are older
iltrotlucei from alifere-nt part. s oz.Aia
than I am. cucumbers and onions were
into Egypt. and from that time can be
traced as growing in the same latitude
as two of the most important vege-
tables. Cucumbers are found growing
Fig. .--Bossin Lettuce Plant 10 inches wild in different places but onions are
Snot found growing wild anywhere
lff SeVt[ to a wild on-
ion is the leek, which Is
quite common as a wild
vegetable upon about
every continent. At any
any rate the wild leek is
common in North Ameri-
ca, but North America
has no wild cucumbers.
About three years ago
one of one townsmen by
by the name of Donald-
son. in some way got into
correspondence with a
seedsman and florist, and
the result of the corres-
pondence was that our
worthy townsman, Don-
ildson, procured some Af-
rican horned cucumber
seed. When Mr. Donald-
son introduced that cu
cumber into the sand hills Fig. 22.-Prize Head Lettuce. Plant 14 inches across.
of South Florida, he not only surprised
but astonished the people of the sand
hills, and also of the flat woods of
RoI'llh FIRridla T!he common oucumhbr.
1. e.. that which was introduced here
from Asia, did not do well upon the
sand hills in mid summer. If South
Florida wished any cucumbers in sum-
mer it must look to the north for them.
Then in the midst of this dilemma along
VcaUe Stewart Donaldson with the
horned cucumber seed from Africa. He
;e. Plant 15 in ches across.
all times so much as it is a matter of
climate. No one would expect to see
the apple and the orange tree thriv-
ing in the same orchard. Occasionally
I have seen an apple tree growing and
bearing fruit in or near an orange
grove, but in my travels I have never
yet to see an orange tree thriving in an
apple orchard. With the apple and or-
ange it is a question of climate more
than soil. Bring an acre of your best
apple tree soil to South Florida and
you cannot successfully grow pine-
apples upon it, but the horned cucum-
ber will grow upon that soil which will
not produce pineapples, and it will also
grow upon the warm and sandy soil
upon which the pineapple thrives. I be-
lieve that the horned cucumber will
grow in any state in the Union, but it
will only ripen seeds in the Southern
states. It is an all-round southern vege-
table. In Florida, where those valuable
orange groves are that you hear so
much about, the African horned cucum-
ber is Just the vegetable for the soil
and climate, and the careful gardener
can have fruit from it each month in
the year. It is a remarkable, curious,
beautiful and delicious cucumber.
There are some that do not like it, but
most of the people are satisfied with
it. It was found in cultivation in west
central Africa, the native and Dutch
farmnera iPlI Cft MtuEtB eIPQe onoo upon
it as a food for human beings and a
stock food for the smaller animals and
fowls. Its vines may be allowed to
creep or trail over the ground or
trained upon a trellis. Many grow It
upon a trellis as an ornamental vine.
A lady in New York, who sent me
postage for a few of the seed, started
the seed in a bottomless tin can in the
house, and when danger of frost was
over, transplanted the plants in the
open, and wrote me; "My veranda was
completely covered with vines and
fruit. It was k eBit!tl, bnt the fruit
failed to ripen."
The fruit is most curious and orna-
mental. It is oblong in form, almost
tLuree-side and covered With strong,
protruding points or horns. These
horns, or thorns, as I call them, are
sharp, so much so that animals do not
like to oat them, They are eaten green.
the same ab Any cceamber. Wnen the
fruit ripens they turn a brilliant orange
and yellow. Many prefer the fruit to
S-eat after it has partly ripened. The
-- Africans, and I do not mean by Afri-
can black people only, but people
ettuce. Plant 12 inches across, who make Africa their home, eat only
had but few seed, but every one was the pulp of the ripe fruit, which Is a
planted, and I reckon every one ger- sub-acid and very refreshing in hot
minated, grew and bore fruit, thus sud- weather. To them, in their torrid
denly it was demonstrated that the climate, this cucumber is food and
land that is known as the drink. Because of its refreshing char.
sand hills and flat woods of
Florida could have cucum-
bers every day in the year.
This new vegetable fruit
was hailed with delight, as
it was just what the people
had for years been search-
Many in the north
seem that the soil which
will grow an orange tree is
Itital"lIo or produting utny-
thing that any soil will pro-
duce, and some undoubted-
ly ask why is it that the
common cucumber will not
grow at all times of the
year in South Florida? It -
is not a matter of soil at Fig. 23.-Bath or Brown Cos Lettuce. Plant 15 inches ace.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. no
water being to"a a4 4sday, a-yg"t4
anBtus sao leat to eat it, but at
firt, became of its prickly character
they ae by of it.
I know of nothing and I reckon there
is nothing In the world as prolific in
its crop of truit as the African cucum-
ber. Tbh vrt seem to bear one con-
tinuous reap fm the time they are
large enough to bear truit until they
Sworn out and die from their own
rA. frm a branch vine being an
off-shoot 12 feet long from one hill or
vine I picked 65 fruit and cut from the
whole hill or vine, being the growth
from on I _1piunti i__ r uiLs.
Btewart Donaldon, of this place, the
man who introduced this valuable cu-
cumber into this (De8ota) county, pick-
ed 128 fruit from one vine. Deacon
Samuel Hart, who resides near here,
picked 254 cucumbers from one vine.
I give these a showing what this
wonderful cucumber will do. Then a
great thing in its favor is, that It will
fow in the sub-tropics where many
of the vegetables of the north temper-
ate zone do not do well in midsummer.
Down here, this season, one man sold
the fruit of his twenty acre grove for
0988000 and another his fruit in a 12
M m SV6 for $10,000. The Afrcan
horned cucumber Is a grand success,
growing upon the warm sand hills, or
the cooler flat woods soil. It will grow
where the apple tree, the currant bush
and the cornield of the north is to be
found, but in the north it is not at
The southern people, especially those
who reside in South Florida, are so
bily with their fruit and live stock,
that they think not of the smaller
things. If some one who is without a
job would establish a pickle factory
where the African horned eoeumber
t a sum as it iu aW, it stand to
riason that his business would be a
Success. This cucumber, when small,
the horns then being small, would
make beautiful and attractive ger-
kins, Just what a pickle factory should
have.-Peter Prindle, in Fruit Grower's
The Nw Agriculture.
The "scientific farmer" was once the
butt of all those who were proud to
*tle themselves practicall" men, Now
the practical man sees that science is
doubling and trebling the yield of the
land, and he begins to inquire how it
is done. That the agricultural chem-
ist is the hope of the future food-sup-
ply is the belief of Signor Filippo Vir-
gilli, who writes on the subject for the
Revue Scientflque (July 14). His
title is the same that heads this article
and he defines his subject as an "alli-
ance between agriulturanl teemiawy
anm pra t mte iin, e 6e .on
"The ashes left by the combustion of
a plant represent the inorganic or
mineral portion of the burnt organism.
and these substances ought to exist in
the soIl in an assimilable state, in order
that the plant may grow. In the ashes
of vegetables we generally find sul-
phMr, phosphorus, potassium, lime,
magnesium, Iron, silica, chlorine, man-
anese, and sodium. The first seven
are recognized as absolutely essential
t plant lfe. .... .... Botany teaches
that beside these mineral element
fw o 9u W r S WiieaiR --di- w
, oxyge, hydrogen, and carbon. ..
"Certainly of the substance-car-
bon, oxygen, hydroge--are supplied
directly by the air and water. Others,
of mineral nature, are found in the
soil ... four, nitrogen, phosphoric
acd, potash, and lime, do not exist in
the soil except In very limited quanti-
ties and are elements of fertility. Of
thS~ altrlsg is as at the most need.
ed and therefore Is the dearest."
We know therefore, the exact chem-
ical substances needed by the soil, and
it was announced not long ago that
saetiMe agriculture consisted largely
in introducing these; yet the idea that
elsmicals could take the place of ordi-
aty manures was slow in gaining
gsamd. The next step was the dis-
covery that leguminous plants had the
property of absortiag atmoshei c nl-
ai which thur groW. Later, bacteri-
o4lehs ftead that they owed this
pr4ity to the pm...e Om their
?gt9 ?f g 19nigvel 9y sp99flt9 mr'-99r
Says the writer:
'"In 1895 John Lawes wrote: 'A day
will come when we will cultivate our
plants by adding to the soil the nec-
essary micro-organisms that may be
lacking'; and only a few months later
a patent was taken out for a substance
called "nitragen," to furnish bacteria
to leguminous plants. We now know
that to each plant of this kind corres-
ponds a special variety of bacillus rad-
icicula. Lestini tells us that for some
time a factory in Hochst has been turn-
ing out nitragine, which sells in small
aMgSes !ror epWo rpanis fso oongh;
containing enough for a fifth of a hec-
tare (one half acre). This product Is
in actual use in Germany, France and
England, and the farmers report good
results from it."
This culture of microbes, Signor Vir-
gilil reminds us, is simply for the pur-
pose of getttiqg nitrogen in a shape
for use by the plant. Another Italian
agricultural chemist, Signor Solari, has
shown hew we may make use of the
principle both to insure the continued
fertility of the soil and to fertilize
soils that have hitherto been sterile.
The author does not give particulars
of Boarl'a method, but he assures us
that it has been wonderfully success-
ful. The new agriculture, as he sums
it up, consists first in the study of
chemical elements necessary to supply
what is exhausted from the soil by
plants, and second in not only supply-
ing this want, but in furnishing the
needed elements in excess, so that the
normal need is far exceeded. Espec-
ially does it aim to utilize the nitrogen
of the air by cultivating the bacilli
that combine this nitrogen in soluble
nitrates which can nourish plant life
direCtly. The author conolnde. at the
onel, tnat In intensive agriculture or
this sort is the salvation of his native
country, Italy. She is naturally an
agricultural region and was once the
granary of Europe. Now she is trying
to turn herself into an industrial com-
munity, with the result that she is be-
ing overcome in the strife of compe-
ttion.-Translation made for The Lit-
wahrvoom- OGrown in a lame Cave.
We have had several inaunriea about
mushroom growing but have not been
able to obtain any data as to their
being grown in Florida, except in a
small way. The following article from
the Rural New Yorker gives some very
interesting information and our readers
can adapt it as they see fit If any
one has a place where the mushrooms
can be grown it is certainly a'good
During the last few years the mush-
roomM Winas0y JIM Mis" W& lrgs 8
portions. The demand tor this edalle
fungus has more than kept pace with
the increased supply, and a ready mar-
ket can be found for much more than
Is now produced. The New York mush-
room company, of Akron, N. Y., last
year marketed 15,000 pounds of mush-
rooms. This company is the largest
concern of the kind in this country,
owing to the excellent facilities which
it has for producing a crop at all sea-
sons. Large quantities of limestone
are mined at Akron, and this firm se-
cured control of an abandoned mine
corveron! P~tl n aogI, It VAIfm In
width from fifteen to fifty feet, an
the tunnels are about twelve feet high,
and may be readily entered from the
level through an opening in the side of
a cliff, into which the mine is cut. As
these tunnels are forty-five feet below
the surface of the earth, the tempera-
ture remains at about fifty-five degrees
Fahrenheit throughout the year, and
overcomes the diffliultg! Whi.h Drsa
vent tne proadueton of mushrooms in
lMushrooms are properly a winter
crop, and are unable to withstand the
heat of summer. To be sure, they are
found in their wild state in hot weather
but their artificial propagation is pre-
vented by the heat and the insect pests
which assail them. The nature of the
mushroom is understood by but few,
many sunposine that: deriviy !it a~=z
isHmeanot ram sm a8li M1si I alungsa
from the ground without roots of any
kind. This is not true, for the fungus
has a system of roots known asenyceli-
PERUNA CURES CATARRH
OF KIDNEYS EVERY TIME.
DANGEROUS KIDNEY DISEASES CURED
Perwa Creating a Nattiadl Semit in the Cure
of Chroate Allments o the ldas. X
Mr.JohnVanoe,of Hartfordity, Ind. serum from
says: "My kidney trouble is much theblood.Pe-
better. I have improved so much that runs stimu-
s1Ty1a4f hisi to know whir medl- lsim ihe kid.
eine I am using. I recommend Perunn neys to ex.
toeverybody and some have commenced create from
to use it. The folks all say that if Dr. the blood theb-- .
Hartman's medicine oures meit mustbe aconmulat-
grea." ing poison,
Mr. J. Brake, of Piroals, OAMtoII and thuspre-
Canrda, writes: "Fmu yOs fo a vents the
and a severe attack of BrIahts Dih convulsions
ese, whnch brought so low the which are sure.to follow if the poisens
doctor saM noth~ia m ane M he are allowed to remain. It gives great
doe fr ae. I6gp todo tke P ram vigor to the heart's action and digestive
aSd Misanui, m a tan f m=w I sysiemm both or wimen are apt to tau
was well mss, afd Asv cotIns rapidly in this disease.
Ws ever siOce." brua c aurw ar* of the kMdys
Attheappearanncofthefrstsymptom slip(y because It == cataur wbhr
at kidney trouble, Perna should be ever lcted.
taksn. This remedy strikesatoneethe A book on ectarrh, written by Dr.
veryroot of the disease. It at onee re- Hartman, will be sent free to any ad&
ieves the eatarrhal kidneys of the stsg- dress by The Peruna Medicine Os,
nant blood, preventing the escape of Columbus, Ohio.
um or avawa. wflich feed it. nad ren-
der its remarkably rapid growth pos-
sible. This spawn is a kind of mold
composed of white thread-like roots
which permeate the ground, and from
the joints of which the mushrooms
spring. The growth of mushrooms is
so rapid that when the spawn is thriv-
ing a crop of mushrooms may be pick-
ed every morning.
,How Started.-Virgin spawn, or my-
celium in its wild state, is found in
very rich ground and in piles of de-
caying manure. If this be taken, and
with the substance cont ainlig 1it
well d1ired, It will klep for monhia, and
may be used in "spawning" beds for
mushrooms. Most of the spawn in this
country is imported from England or
France, where the "edible toadstool" is
in most common use. English spawn
is pressed into bricks weighing about a
pound and a half each, while the
French comes in loose flaky horse ma-
nure, packed in boxes of three and one
hair nsua8ua ssh. CP6ft BliUaaih i"jiwii
is better suited for use for the begin-
ner. In the Akron plant, beds are con-
structed sixteen feet long, four feet
wide, and ten inches high. A frame of
boards is first made to hold the beds
in shape, and the bed is then prepared.
Horse manure is bought at the Buffalo
stockyards for $25 a carload. It is
loaded onto dump-carts and drawn in-
to the mine near the place where the
kgA ar? t kr msei. Thin manure
is plied &our feet hig, and is tUrnd
over five or six times at Intervals of a
couple of days, until the temperature
is down to 120 degrees F. If the ma.
miro is very dry, ii ia moiaiened so
that it may heat.
How Cultivated.-The frames are
then filled with this manure, which is
well trampled; to within an inch of the
top. Upon this is placed common sandy
loam, enough to make the bed level
full when well packed. When the tem-
perature of the soil is nearly the same
as that of the hand, or 100 degrees
Fahrenheit, the bed may be spawned.
Pieces of spawn about two and a half
inches square are placed in holes made
ten inches apart in the soil, and are
CTTured with earth after which the
whole bed s1 leveled and left undisturb-
ed. Sometimes d little water Is
sprinkled over the surface but not un-
less the soil is very dry. When the
spawn has completely occupied the sol,
and the mushrooms are just beginning
to spring up, the soil may be removed
and used to spawn other beds. In this
manner the Akron company raises its
own spawn, but it is better for a begin-
nUr nvi iv aiitumpi so cimeuit a tiug.
In about three weeks the mushrooms
begin to start, after which the crop fol-
lows very rapidly. At times the beds
are nearly covered with mushrooms,
sometimes in clusters of from twenty-
five to fifty. These may be picked one
morning and have the place occupied
by others, within twenty-four hours.
At times 700 beds are planted, but gen-
erally only about 100 are in bearing.
Thrre man are pmoassl ;a 1!lsm a
prouet or thtSe 'beds and are kept
busy picking in the forenoon and
packing for shipment in the afternoon.
The mushroom is not cut off but given
aa0 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
a gentle twist, thus leaving no butts tablespoonfuls of salt. Put these in- cold better than any when the mercury *
in the ground to decay and injure the gredients in a quart bottle and fill it went down to three degrees below sero M U E
mycelium. with rain water; shake the bottle here in Central Louisiana. I should
The Product.-The mushrooms are every time this lniment is used. Ap- think this hardy variety will be exten- W
sorted, and those too large, old or ply it with friction, using the palm of sively planted when better known.
wormy are discarded. These, however, the hand, as the massage nurse does. Even should it be killed to the ground A
are few, owing to the great attention The efficacy of almost any of the lini- it will sprout from the stump and bear
paid to their culture and picking, ments depends considerably on the on shoots produced. It Is a slow, com-
Single mushrooms eight inches in di- care and zeal with which it is applied, pact grower, and the wood ripens and
ameter are not uncommon. Common In all cases the skin should be covered hardens up by fall, so that the tree can
splint grape baskets about ten inches with flannel and often with cotton bat- stand more cold than any other. It TE R ATT f SEI
long are used as shipping packages, ting after the liniment has been ap- yields twice as much fruit to a given THE GREATEST OF SPEC LSS
and when closely packed, hold three plied, as it is desirable to keep in the surface as any of the other varieties. OFFERS TO THE SUFFMRI
pounds. The stems are closely packed, heat of the rubbing. A good healing Its immense load of fruit is astonish-
and the top layer faced with the tops liniment for chafed skin, burns or ing, frequently two figs to each leaf- HIS SERVICES AND
of the mushrooms upward. The as- scalds is made of three ounces of sper- stalk being produced. The frait is
ket is covered with paper, and daily merceti and one ounce of white wax larger and equal to the Celeste in qual- REMEDIES.
shipments are made to New York and melted into a pint of olive oil by set- ity, and the tree comes nearer to being Formore tan twenty fe m Dr.
Boston. The price in the winter ranges ting them in a bottle uncorked in a a perpetual bearer than any other, be- mD Hathaway hsmade peci ty ot
from twenty-five to fifty cents per pan 6f warm water, and repeatedly ginning to ripen early and continuing Diseses. During that ime hehas hadamMg
pound and in summer remains at about shaking the bottle, returning it to the to bear till frost. But my choice of all hi patients over tea thosw
ninety cents, or more than five cents warm water until the ingredients are the varieties I have fruited is the New a omwean", llsem eama-
per ounce. Tight baskets or boxes can- all melted together.-N. Y. Farmer. French fig, remarkable for its keeping those many dmUenmam
not be used for shipping packages, for qualities and peculiar exquisite flavor g omleotey amS pem
mushrooms require air. A bed remains Some New Politersa n Caava. and sweetness. I have corresponded nently cured more tha a
in bearing for several weeks and when with growers both in this country and cent. of the cases ha
it has become exhausted it is removed, IIt is strange that every farmer in abroad in order to locate the origin of treated.
and its place filled with another. Florida does not raise cassava.. It pro- this fig. Prof. M. J. Heade, of St. An- By his exehluve let,
Mushrooms may be successfully grown duces well on poor land and amazingly gustine, Fla., who had occasion to the tswsta5 yersmli
II cellars, tunnels, or other warm on rich hammocks. I want nothing visit Italy some years ago,writes me: motexlteaivepractic e is e be do see
places, from September until April, better to feed poultry and hogs. It is "An article by you, published in sev- oa thee different diseases, incluhigs pa
when their culture is prevented by in- generally relished by cows, but I find eral papers describes a fig similar .to pmroaeor suppressed moentratio, ptedp
sects. The space.beneath the tables in :t not so good for horses and mules, one I found in Italy some years ago, aB ovartan trouble, tumors and ulaMcto-
hot-houses has been utilized for grow- though they are generally fond of it and which I have tried in vain to find Ctrfo at thoe diseasewhtich mae.
in mushrooms, with excellent results, after a few days' experience. It is an in this country. From your description He hs so perfected s sste of hai taet
IIn Cellars.-The cellar in which excellent food for table use and could it must be the New French. It was the atreattahs eas by mal, wltho~otam
mushrooms are to be raised should be be prepared in a variety of ways, and most delicious fig I have ever eaten.". soal examination (to which every aitt
dry. A part of the cellar may be par- can be depended upon from October I attribute the remarkable keeping woman traly objects) and without ayo
titioned off from the rest, that its tem. until June. qualities of this fig to the great amount daer.
perature may be the more easily reg- iOn good pine land, without fertilizer, of saccharine matter it contain, so s system of treatment is talen la tie
elated, and for the same purpose the it is quite safe to count on two hun- much so, that a thick, honey substance vayto the home; the cure is palmlemss sa
windows of the mushroom cellar should dred bushels of tubers per acre. It flows at the bloom end of the fruit positive.
be darkened. The depth of the ma- should be planted in hills 4 feet apart and as it thoroughly ripens this hard- write him a letter atg d
nure in the beds depends upon the tem- and cultivated level and very shallow, ens up to the consistency of a semi- uom nd he lwl yu abla hef ea
perature of the cellar. Unless a steady as deep cultivation tends to make the transparent candled honey and entirely He will give your ca his personal attesioma
heat can be maintained the manure large roots run too deep in the ground. stops the small hole leading to the oav- ear sd make mhi ee s medeate (lthllaa-ld
should be at least one foot deep to The ground must be kept quite clean ity of the fruit at the apex by sealing m ed neesary) that yoea wMl nt Med
furnish heat. If the cellar is very cold, until the plants are large enough to itself up so that no micro-organisms "ab oftver pAi, l
the beds should be covered on all sides, shade the ground, which they usually can have access to the inside of the y o te am Aea .
ead should be made quite deep. Eng- does in July. Some plant in the fall fruit. Thus the meat of the fruit s ex- -WTON gATHAWAY, I.L
lish, or brick spawn, may be obtained and have good success. The best stand eluded from the influence of the sunr- nu ,a M,. _
tiir fiail sisdeadt B4 i L a a i R-oer an was from ase uanwtap in te anddin gnaniamtsei moiui sime namNs awMI n wuw easra
five cents a brick, and from it mush- December. I do not think it ought to phere, and will keep fresh for ten days
rooms may be very easily grown. It be planted in orange groves, as it takes without souring. ,ang d K
is well worth a little work and some too much strength from the trees. I have demonstrated to my entire Orange and Kum Quat
slight expense to be able to enjoy a fine 'I usually let mine grow until time for satisfaction that this fig can be sue- Nursery Stock.
delicy a a time when other veget- frost, then cut t off about one inch cessfully shipped in a fresh state to Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
(able@esresa ye.sgwr a from the ground. These stalks then any of our northern cities, where a table. Also a general line of Fruit
(Several years ago we raised a few cut o I lay away in a cool, dry place fancy price can be obtained..-Texas Trees, Roses, hrnbs, etc. Prices.
"messes" of mushrooms in a hole in the for a few weeks, then I cut them in Farm and Ranch. low. Freight paid.
ground which was covered with a large pieces long enough to contain about SU MM NURSERIES,
door. The hole was about four feet three eyes to the piece. Then I plant Setting out Truit Trees and Grape D. L Pierso, PRo ,
arose and probably two feet deep. We by placing one piece in a hill and cover Vines. D. L o, m
filled in about a foot of stable manure about six inches deep. In the spring Regard quality rather than quantity. Mdla.
and planted the spawn. The hole was about two inches of the earth should be This applies in an eminent degree to
kept covered and in twenty-five days scraped off so as to leave the stalk cov- fruit trees and grape vines; a few of
we. had all the mushrooms we wanted ered only about four inches deep. either properly set out and well culti-
for a week. We have tried the ex- The roots left in the ground I pull vated will prove far more profitable
periment since but failed each time, up whenever wanted for use. They than a much larger number cultivated
but why we do not know.-Ed.) will not keep more than a few days in the usual way.
* out of the ground. By leaving the Transplanting will first claim our at-
Home Made Liniments. stubs one inch high I can tell where the tention. Trenches should be construe-
It Is difficult to find a liniment that hill is. After cutting the roots from the ted at proper distances apart, accord-
will be of more general usefulness than stub I also plant the stub, as it will ing to the kind of tree to be grown
simple camphorated oil or camphor grow and produce as well as the canes, they may be 2% feet deep, 3 feet
liniment as It is often called. It is if not better. Last spring I got one of broad on the bottom and 4 feet at top;
valuable for rubbing on the outside of my neighbors a lot of stubs and he now they may be constructed with a plow 0
the throat or on the chest as a gentle has a fine patch of cassava. and shovel.
emromec rheumatismi, where It must be firmt cooked and then cnoppe up p ne. .l. fa.t p pp? ailt ia Pa nted M.. 18a 11 I.m.
applied with friction to give any re- A meat chopper would be just the should be lled to within about six These machines fr brushia .
lef. It may be purchased of the drug- thing for this purpose. When thus inches of the top with green round tim- e maehnes r ru mSh aw
gist or it may be prepared at home chopped and mixed with a little bran ber, bark on, red oak, white oak or polihing fruit will greatly improve th
by dissolving one ounce of gum cam- it makes the cheapest feed a poultry- hickory will be good; any wood con- appearance of any pack of oranges or
phor in four fluid ounces of olive ol. man can find In Florida. Fowls also sidered better than pine. The trenches lemons at a very slight cost,and with-
In case of a severe cold a piece of like it raw, and if given a piece as large should then be filled with soil, which out damage to the fruit.
flannel dipped in camphor liniment and as a bedpost they wil peck away at it will cover the logs to the depth of They are past the experimental stage
heated and laid over the chest under until nothing but the thin outside cov- about six inches, said spaces will indl- having brushed more than 10,000 ear
a layer of cotton batting will seldom ering is left. It does not seem to pre- cate the distance apart the trees will of thee fruits in California.
fail to bring relief to a little child or vent hens from laying in the least stand in the trenches. They are to Circulars on application.
even to an older person. Ammonia When fed to cows it should be wash- be properly filled with soil, to which WRIGHT BROTHERS ,
liniment is a more powerful stimulant ed or dried a little, and then brushed, well rotted chip manure or other suit- Blverne Cal,
to the skin. It is made by mixing half and chopped up small enough, so that able materil may be added. Thus ar-
an ounce of the Ispirits of ammonia they will not choke on them. I pull up ra well rooted tree withstandcan b storms, B ULP O A
with an ounce of olive oil and shaking the roots and throw them to the hogs, ly well rooted to withstad storms, BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON.
with an ounce of olive oIl and shaking the roots and throw them to the hogs, which would not be the case if they to, use in g.anarie to kill weevil, to
in a bottle until they are mixed. Apply letting them do their own cleaning. wheh wanted immediately over they tror se in gr randariesto to eeilt -
It with the palm of the hand, using 'It like fertllien of any kind, al, logs. In setting, the trees should not otRe and to kee .
abundant friction. though it will produce very In sttng, the trees should not rthe sed. etc.
abundant t ment that is recom- tough t wi very ell with- be planted deeper than they originally %o CENTS PER POUND,
A compound liniment that is recom- out any. I must again remark that I grew.
mended for rheumatism and numbness do not see why everybody does not ile the timber n the trenches is Ie a eand r the an
Smade of two and a half ounces of have at least an acre or two of cassava. rotting the oxygen of the air, or of E O. PAINTER & CO., JacksevIv .
gum camphor, one dram of oil of lav- -Farmer in Former and Fruit Grower. rain water, combines with the carbon
ender dissolved In seventeen fluid t-0 of the wood and forms carbonic acid
ounces of alcohol. After this add three N rench ig. gas. This gas ia power l solvent
fluid ounces of a strong solution of am- Of late I have given the fig some and acts on certain rebellious elements
monia and shake the ingredients thor- study and have tested over sixty va- of the soil reducing them to plant food. D-O M U k -
oughly together in a bottle. Keep it rieties on my experimental grounds. Now any plan that will hasten the IOM VAANT
closely corked when not in use. A good The great freeze of February, 1898, decomposition of the wood will prove Under **A Cah n aL
liniment for bruises and strains is killed nearly all my fig trees to the beneficial. When this Is in view, iron 111 0 F -
made of two fluid ounces of alcohol,two ground. The little dwarf Japanese va- tubes of suitable size and length may
i noes oi ammonia an two rleiy ceaisa trtu au Japan, stooda the empioyea. They may be RDOit Ii
0, b ellpiOY T~ey Uity e gold*
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. en
three Inches in diameter iniag roQe
length to stand about six inches above
thp gl ni wrih, planted. The ar-
rangement at the bottom should be
such as to prevent the dirt from run-
nifig among the logs. Paddled clay
thrown around the bottom of the tube
wil be kood.' A tube for each compart-
ment will be required. It preferable,
said tubes may be constructed of some
durable anpe iea of 'T4,
The plan will answewell for fruit
trees or grape vines. Sbme years ago
4t was tested on a grape vine near Wil-
mington, N. C., substantially as fol-
A Flowers grape vine, a variety of
the Scappernong family, was set out In
the usual way; about six years there-
after a pit eight feet long, four feet
wide and two and one-half deep was
constructed. The pit was -then killed
with green red oak -poles bark on, to
within about six inches of the top, and.
then properly covered with soil A cut-
ting from said vine was then planted
near one end of 'the pit. In a few
years the young .vine went ahead of
the parent vine. One year of which I
have a record, after the younger vine
got to bearing properly the two vines
produced twenty-seven bushels of
grapes, which were sold for wine pur-
poses. Of these the younger vine pro-
duced abott two-thfidtli not was this
all; 'the grapes from the younger vine
were larger and of much betterr qual-
ity. My opportunities for investiga-
tion.then ceased, bit It Is believed that
the younger vine eventually much ex-
ceded the above proportion. The same
principle applies to all fruit trees.
To procure best results commercial
fertilizers may be used. For apples,
use a fertilizer as follows:-Nitrogen,
2 per cent, available phosphoric acid,
8 per cent and potash, 10 per cent.
Broadcast from 400 to 800 pounds per
acre and work into the soil. Instead
of the above, the following materials
may be compounded and used: Ni-
trate of soda, 50 to 100 pounds, acid
phosphate 250 to 500 pounds and kai-
nit 400 to 800 pounds. In lieu of the
kainit, 100 to 200 pounds muriate of
potash may be used. The application
may be made annually. -
Heavy applications of nitrogen should
be avoided as It promotes a growth of
wood at the expense of fruit. The
above formula' can be varied to suit
other fruit trees, such as peaches,
grape vines, etc., but the trenches and
application of wood will substantially
be alike for all. Bryan Tyson.
Hedges, Windbreaks, Shelters, and
Jive l nees.
''A treatise on the planting, growth
and management of hedge plants for
dountry'and suburban homes. By E. P.
Powel. Illsftiated, 12 mo., pp. 140;
cloth. Orange Judd Co., New York.
Price 50 cents.
A compact practical handbook on the
management of hedge plants and
'hedges has long been needed, and the
demand for such a work is largely in-
creasing. This neat and attractive vol-
ame is giving just that information
whichh is needed by those who live in
the country or who own suburban res-
idences. It gives accurate directions
Concerning hedges; how to plant and
how to treat them; and especially con-
oerning windbreaks and shelters. Any-
one who will follow the directions giv-
en will be able to avoid those errors
which make most of our country places
more or less haggard with half-dead
orchards, shelters and hedges. The au-
thor is thoroughly familiar with the
subject, having on his own grounds
over a mile of arbor-ltae, hemlock and
buckthorn hedges which -Prof. L. H.
Bailey considers to be the finest be-
tween the Atlantic and. the Pacific.
The author's home at Clinton, N. Y., is
in ideal that pays in cash as well as in
lsatyj'. The bot in ai psg a rag D-
ginning to end in its style and contents.
It 'includes the whole art of making
a delightful home,. especially giving
directions for nooks and balconies for
bird culture and for human comfort;
and for thode retreats longed for by the
women of the household. It-discusses
fences briefly, .as these are rapidly
giving way to wire fences; but it en-
large on windbreaks, which are be-
comia_ of increasimr important ever
eure. Tie mustraam amre ot ona
photographs covering the whole sub-
ject, but include numerous ground
plans for laying out suburban lots and
country homesteads. While the direc-
tions are minute and exact, there is
not a added line that could be omit-
ted. No book on country life has been
recently issued more attractive in con-
tents or destined to be more popular.
That far wTee Ta1t Wu Lat ALIs.
Editor Plorida Agriosultrist,
It reminds me of a pear tree I used
to know in St. Clair county, Ill., which
was a seedling and forty years old
when I first saw it, and my guess was
that it was then holding forty bushels
of pears. It was perfection itself. It
was on top of the bluff a little up from
the American bottom on a stiff clay
soil, and was one hundred yards or so
back from the house. It never got any
manure or culture of any kind, and
was just let alone and left to nature.
Seemingly there was nothing to com-
pel it to blight, hence it did not.
That was one of the lessons that has
been brought to me on what causes the
pear tree to blight.
Some twenty years ago, I spent a
week in the woods of Arkansas with
the late J. A. Warder, who will be re-
membered as one of the best informed
nen on physical botany of his time,
and I always look back upon that
week with Dr. Warder as one of the
most pleasant of my life. The object
of his visit was to look up the flora of
that noted state. He had been told
that chinquapins that were 12 inches
In diameter grew near Texarkana. I re-
marked that he need not go so far as
I could show him one yet larger not
far away, and we found one in Garland
county which was eighteen inches in
We found some old seedling pear
trees on a river bottom, one of
those rapid streams that rush away
from the foot hills of the Ozarks. The
trees were fifty or more years old, and
oh, so tall! fine old fellows. The sight
enraptured Dr. Warder and he broke
out with, "0, how I would like to graft
them over to Bartlets, but it would not
do to change all of that top, they
would blight themselves to death," an-
other lesson on pear blight.
Long before I left my old northern
home, pear growers there had learned
that pear trees were more free from
blight if planted in a stiff clay soil and
left without any kind of culture and
never any cutting back, or other trim-
ming.. At the.time when Leconte pear
growing was becoming glorious about
Thomasville, Ga., I was there; the
growers took pleasure in showing me
their fine pear orchards, and they were
fine and were loaded with pears. I
made a note of the fact that the trees
were annually cut back severely, as
'that was the way to grow a pear
tree." I then thought to myself, it
may be possible that there is a kind
of pear that will stand up under that
kind of treatment, but I do not believe
it. From what I learn, they are now
in serious trouble with pear blight.
,We often see in print that some one
has found the cause of blight and, of
course, a remedy, and as often it turns
out that he knows but little. I have
mentioned some of the causes that lead
up to it.
I presume Van Morris, a noted
French pomologist, was of the opin-
ion that our methods of grafting the
pear and then raising seed from those
grafts, had weakened the tree till there
were no healthy ones, and I think.he
is as near right as any. Jas. Mott.
TO THE DBAF.
A i th lady, cured of her defness and
noises in the head by Dr. NIlhooion's
Artificial Ear Drums, gave $(I, to hisa
Institute. so that deaf people unable to
proure the Bar Drums may have them
SAddress I2c. The Nloholeon In-
utitute. M Elahth JAvenu. M. York
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Pla.
Gentlemen:-In reply to yours of the
18th will say that the fertilizers re.
ceived from E. O. Painter & Co., have
been perfectly satisfactory in every re-
T. H. Chambers.
Georgiana, Fla., Sept 24, 1900.
Can't you earn one of our premiums?
Farmers' Attention -
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
*PRAYING Of WTFIe,
and everything in rsve sad Fars Iamlements and Bupplles
Poultry Netting 'SW" mAm Columbia Bicycid
CH.ARTrl OAK W9OTu8,
CARRARA PAINT, tIRO PIPE, BOILBRB AND PUPS
WRITE FVO PIlCES.
OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
Corn, Hay, Oats,
And all kinds of Feed Stuff at Pock Bottom Prices.
Oats, 125 pound White Clipped $1.51
Oats, 125 pound Mixed, 1.45
Corn, 10 pound Mixed, 1.22
Bran, pure, in hundred pound sacks .95
Hay, Number I, 92
All F. 0. B. Cars Jacksonville.
Realizing that many people are so located that they have
not access to first class feed stores that keep a fresh stock of
feed stuff on hand we have arranged to fill small orders at but
a small advance over large lots,-large lots at bottom prices.
No orders filled except where accompanied by the cash. Pri-
ces good for 15 days. If prices go lower you get the benefit.
Florida Grain & Feed Co.,
Lock Box 464, Jacksonville, Fla.
This firm will fill all orders as advertised E.O. Painter & Co.
FOR SUMMER AND FALL
THE ORIFFINo BROTHER'S CO.,
SEJED .ksvUes, Pla.
THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange
and grape fruit trees a specialty....
Summer and fall catalogue free upon
THE GRIFFIN BROTHER'S CO.,
$4.00 for $2.001!
Seed you mnst have to make a garden, and the AGIlCULTOlIwr you should have to be a
encesfnl gardner. Young can get them both at the price 01o one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 and we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of
Beans, Extra Early Bed Valen- Egg Plant, Grifing's Improved
tine.. ........ ........ .10 Thornless.. ............10
New Stringless Green Lettuce, Big Boston.......... 5
Pod.... .. .. .......... .10 Onions, Red Bermuda.......... .10
Dwarf German Black Grifllng's White Wax.. ...10
Wax................ .10 Peas, Alaska.. .............. .10
Burpees Large Bush LI- Champion of England.... .10
mla t _-. -: .10 repmas. Long Cayonno--.. ,, ,,
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ....... 5 Ruby King...... .... .5
Imperial Blood Bed Tur- Radishes, Wonderful .. .. ...... .
nip......... .. ........ .5 Griffng's Early Scar-
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey let.............. .. .5
Wakefield ............ .5 Earley Scarlet Erfurt.... .5
Early Summer.. ........5 Tomatoes, Beauty.. .. .. ...... .
Griffing's Succession .....5 Money Maker.......... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10 Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.. .. 5
Celery, Golden Self Blanching.. .10 Pomeranian White Globe
Cucumbers, Improved White Spine. .5 ........ ... .. ..... .5
Long Green Turkish. .. .5 Ruta Bagas. Bloomsdale Swede.... .5
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTUklST, Jacksonville, Fla.
eaB THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
EXTILZBR DIPATIMENT. 'is very useful, also as an insecticide, fertilizing accordingly. Constant work DO YOU GT UP
Al communicationsor enquiries forthis de when the mealy bug and red spider with the scuffle hoe every month, or
partmentshouldbeaddressedto are abroad. better every fortnight, so long as it W A LAME BC
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST While we learned nearly all this from can be done, goes a long way toward
ler Dept. Jackonville, expense experience e before it was producing this result. When the see- K IV I," TIM -ii-
Fr-tlhzer Dept. Jacksonville, BFa. demonstrated scientifically, it is now ond winter approaches, potash is re-
all proven in concrete form and nobody quired to produce a good crop of solid Alwst overyody who m.d the
rertilising Pineries on the East Coast can longer hesitate about accepting fruit. During the first eighteen months p i rto k of t
Editor F r D: these truths and profiting by them. little is needed besides the potash O nr s o
Editor Fertizer Department: II. which the tobacco will furnish, but KS ~
The pineapple on our sandy soils re- We have discussed the fertilizer by the second autumn, the nitrogen the = t kidUaw.
quires more fertilizer than almost any question in its negative form and now should be cut down and replaced by a ladder med y
other crop and can utilize and revel in will take up the question of how and potash and phosphoric acid. By No- It tsthe great &u
doses which would burn up almost any when to fertilize and what and how vember 1st, the plants should have a caltrlamprtols h.
other crop. At the same time a large much to use. The quantity of fertill- change of diet. Give them, say 1,000 ta the co .
number of the standard commercial zer that a healthy vigorous field of pounds of blood and bone and sulphate L covered after y~
fertinsers Wlm destroy te foliage, and pincapplco can iitilis toI ajaBfntgu, Is or potnan oontaining about ten ct cent nasigle rnrremah
therefore cannot be used as it is prac- almost startling. By a vigorous field actual potash. Then in the latter part Dr. Kier, ea
tically impossible to apply fertili- of pines, we mean a field which at of December, give them 1,000 to 1,500 mas at tkidsq ald
ser to a field without getting much of eighteen months is a solid bed of pounds of steamed bone and sulphate d er lsal d le d to
it on the plants. Then, too, a good interlaced leaves, three and one-half of potash, containing twelve to fifteen wodeifuly sec l t pmp rle
many standard chemicals prove actu- to four and one-half feet high, and percent of actual potash. They will klam bek, dk y bladd r, uris
ally poisonous to the pineapple, even ready to produce a 60 to 70 per cent not need any more fertilizer till th bleaM d Bright's ma.whikch slekawmt
when carefully applied about the roots crop of fruit. Good strong, hickory crop is gathered and no more potash fers fl day trouble.
without touching the plant itself. A land, with good slips and a favorable till the following November. Applying Dr. Kilr a Swr *1t s et no.
vast amount of damage has been done season, should produce such a field if nitrogenous manures in the spring of- d.ad lerYA ythlngbutyluhawhbM
to many fine fields every year by the well taken care of, without such a ten produces apples which are of fine nyt, lin rebladder1 ublntwilltbeia046
use through ignorance of improper and great outlay of manure. Cotton seed quality, but will not ship well. It may JUatthel mesdyyoused. Ithbesba
injurious fertilizers. Gradually the old- meal and tobacco applied, 200 to 400 be done to advantage when plants taSmawyway na imital work, 18ispe
er and more intelligent growers pounds per acre,in the bud every month were started during the fall or late p-- 'Om theolh---e e5poee M toi a.
learned by experience and observation, or six weeks through the first summer summer, and have not had enough ni- cw eand haw a insIIjis
the former often a very expensive and early fall will push the slips well trogen to produce a plant growth cap- ywym that a Il umms h
method, what to use and what to and by October or November, when able of making a large apple, but if the b me ukbey w 4trademrs alhiw M
avoid. But while this knowledge they have developed into pretty re- plants have had a good chance and whoba ha t aredy tried, mew b *e
was generally at the service of all spectable little plants, a good dose of been properly grown, they will produce eple botle saot Lbye rlkes abea
growers who cared.to inquire, a large meal, say 1,000 to 1,200 pounds per a maximum apple without any applica- tadl motre aout w -Redt aed w
gc n aad out rowers who c tn ey or sweidwr gusia.
number, especially of the newest plant- acre can be utilized to advantage, tion of nitrogen after the blossom ap- Whu. wisain mention rwloaig thi
era in the business knew better, or had broadcast and well worked in, as by pears. Most every one has seen a
different theories to experiment upon. that time there are enough roots to pineapple plant which has been pulled a y,,r ad' t
Some of the oldest growers were un- take hold of it. A very good plan, up by the roots in the fall or winter .aldlYw C,"ab
able to learn from experience and ob- where the land is not the very strongest and thrown on a brush heap to die, hamto. N. Y. T he
servation and some of the new ones hickory, is to broadcast cut tobacco when the season arrives, bloom and r lgaar lfty cat and lmtm- 5
who were glad .to follow advice, were stems or blood and bone, or both, from produce fruit wholly out of the sub- dolr lr aond old fadllb a
misled by them. Here, Uncle Sam, in one to three tons per acre before stance stored in the stem of the plant
the person of his representative, Prof. planting, and plowing well under. If without roots or any way of absorb-
p, H. Rolfes at that time biologist of bone is thus applied beforehand, less ing even rain water. It is this nutri-
the Florida State Experimental ita- phosphoric acid will be ne6ded the R.ent, store in the base of the plant .pr re at a time. until by Oetaber let
tion at Lake City, stepped in. He se- first two or three years, but if it is not which makes the apple even in the you hve given the olld from 2i, au
cured several acres of newly planted done, blood and bone had better be driest spring. 4,000 pounds since January It, pe-
pineapples on a typical spruce pine used in place of cotton seed meal after III. ceding. Then apply 1,000 to 1,00
sand hill, owned by T. V. Moore, near the first twelve months. Having referred in a general way pounds of blood and boie and alpbite
Jensen. tpon these he conducted an The reason for fertilizing the young to the principles which govern the of potash combined, so as to anarbe
absolutely exhaustive system of com- slips in the bud is not because they growth of pineapples, I will now try ten per cent actual potash, and rt# t
parative tests with all the varied com- absorb fertilizer through the bud, to give a few elastic rules for their the dose in December or January, jst
mercial fertilizers. He divided the field though some authorities are certain culture after being planted. I will as they color for blooming, using a
Into several hundred small plots of that plants have the power to absorb take a typical field of spruce pine higher percentage of potash still, sad
equal size, all numbered and marked ammonia to some extent through their ridge land and tell how I would advise less nitrogen. Give no more tertslier
with stakes; upon each an equal foliage. The meal prevents sand from its culture to produce maximum re- till the fruit Is gathered, except a olht
value of the complete fertilizers was washing in and choking the bud, and suits. Plant the slips in July as early application of strong tobacco in Mwch
applied annually in several applica- the rain water gathering in the bud as you can obtain good six inch slips. f insects are bad. Scuffle your plants
tiene, v-ery ypossile c timatian of dray thT aQfil ..th!ihb running down even if yon have to Day fifty percent every two or four weeks for tl Mst
its several chemical, animal and vege- the sides of the slip as liquid manure, more man you would ror the arme s8twBn months o. untll they so mta
table Ingredients commonly available reaches the young roots the moment thing six or seven weeks later. Se- possesion of the soll that the weeds
for fertilizer ingredients, was made, they leave the base of the plant. There- lect the slips and throw out all that are choked out, and hoeing at the same
giving each bed a properly balanced fore, until the roots have made a con- are light in weight, or have small, time becomes impracticable. There-
analysis of the three agricultural ele- siderable spread, this method is the slender buts or show any signs of dry after, you will merely apply your te-s
ments, potassium, phosphorus and ni- most economical. It is hard to give wilt. Plant them as deep as you cab tiller broadcast and gather your fruit
trogen. Thus after a couple of years any ironclad mathematical rules for without danger of their filling ap corn- for years to come. Should some ener-
et posaoeuranes with the mixturpa 9n the fertill stina mg a IA LI, _s many pletely or being buried in the sand. getic weed push its head up through
each bed, positive results were obtained pounds of such and such things, at set them twenty menes aLert each kth aiese leavm, Just slam and Dpll
and careful comparison of results dis- such and such a date. Much must be way, twenty-two if you prefer, and it up by the roots before It haM tln
tinctly proved the effect produced by left to the judgment of the planter as put about a half tablespoonful of cot- to seed. In making the fall fretting
each particular ingredient. Thus when it depends so much on the season, the ton seed meal and best ground tobacco, application if you can obtain any foar
thet pit was manured with kainit. ni- soil and condition of the plants. Thus mixed half and half, in the center of of ashes at an economical price, wo
trate of soda and acid phosphate, the nitrogen rertlil ers must be broadcast- each plant. If you aon't tnina ir too talii R effeionnt potash in the form of
plants were practically destroyed in ed for the best results, in the rainiest much trouble, you can mix a table- carbonate (as cotton seed hull sMae),
twelve months,on land which, absolute- weather and are very largely wasted spoonful of the mixture in the soil you may use it to advantage to replace
ly unmanured, produced pretty good when applied on a wet day followed under the plant before planting. If the sulphate. As soon as the trltt is
pineapples. When cotton seed meal by several weeks of hot, dry, windy you can afford it, it is a good plan to off, broadcast 1,000 to 1,500 po d d of
was used in place of nitrate of soda weather. The wet day starts decompo- plow under two tons of cut tobacco cotton seed meal and tobacco, two f
for nitrogen, they lasted eighteen sition and the hot, dry, windy weather stems and one of steamed bona meal the former to one of the latter, to pro-
months, and where bone meal replaced carries off all the ammonia in the at- per acre, before you plant. My opin- duce a slip and sucker growth, and
the acid phosphate, the plants did fair- mosphere. However, during a rainy ion is that both pay handsomely for the from then till the time for the ftelt
ly well. Where kainit, cotton seed meal spell of a month or two with rain extra expense, although it is hard to Ing apply fertilaer from 2,000 to 4,01
and bone meal were used the plants every day, 1,000 pounds of cotton seed make most people believe It, till they pounds of cotton seed meal, easter
did quite well and produced a fair meal or blood and bone can be utilized have tried it for themselves. As soon Pomaoe or blood and bone, in appl Ies
crop of fruit, and where the kainit was per acre, digested and assimilated by as the plants have pushed out their tons of from 1,000 to 1,200 po1n1ds pe
replaced by muriate, sulphate and car- the plants every two or three weeks. leaves an inch or two, apply the meal aee, being governed by the weather
bonate of potash, the fields produced Tobacco is a dry weather fertilizer as and tobacco in the bud again, and use and condition of the plants.
a maximum growth and fruitage. But well as an insecticide, because all of a scuffle hoe down the middles, being I think that the above will prove a
where the muriate was used, the fruit its nitrogen is in the form of a stable careful not to loosen or jar the slips, fairly reliable guide to beginners, and
did not ship well. By comparing the nitrate of potash which will not evap- as it will retard their rooting. will not certainly mislead them, e*w
results on these hundreds of beds, the orate or change and remains safe in By October, the slips should have if it does not tell them all they anm
gslewing rats were :ciearlr drinnn= the tahorm till din asglTsd t I .Y r!T n made six inches of growth and be- learn by experience. John B. Beah
strated: Acid phosphate, kalint, nitrate Cotton seed meal applied in absolute- come well route. Repeat me no min WMW4 pPm wases
of soda ana sulphate of ammonia are ly dry weather does not waste at all so the bud until this period arrives,wheth- *
actually poisonous to pineapples, in long as there is not enough moisture er it is in September or November, and Made Wine Trat
the order 'named, through when used to start decomposition, and will stay then broadcast 1,200 to 1,500 pounds O. Pisater & Co., Jaeersofl, f P.
as minor ingredients in combined fer- unharmed until the rains set in. As per acre of cotton seed meal, castor G enI to te tt
tillers, the results cannot be always the typical vigorous pineapple field is pomace and blood and bone, and scfn- Gentlemen: -- beg to state that t
noticed, under several years. Possibly one where plants are so tall, thick and fie in. Repeat the dose in two or three pineappe fertifa nr bought od fn u u l
the last four can be used in very small close as to form a solid mass of leaves months. If you have used no bone In and plants. Do not e how it a S
quantities now and then, in complete from three and one-half to four and the soil before planting, use blood and and plants. Do not see how itt
mixtures without producing any bad one-half feet on a level, all fertilizers bone half of the time and either of the b~ improved. (K ) Vett WiM"
results, but acid phosphate is to the must be applied broadcast without others alternating with it. In Febru- Oa-mdo, Ms.. Rept 1is
piflappllle Ralmot what paris green lo much expectation of being able to ae- na7 or MaPrh, apply from 1.000 to s
to the potato bug. The only safe form sist their mixing with the soil by hoe- 1,500 pounds, good quality of tobacco, (iA t2G 11s tUM .
of phosphoric acid is steamed bone, ni- ing. The field should, in eighteen per acre, as much as possible in the E. O. P inter 4 Co., JskalewswW, il .
trogen, vegetable, and animal fertili- months, form such a solid mass that bud and leaves of the plant (spring is Gentlemen:-The fertllter that I re-
zers, free from any chemical treatment, no weeds can grow and no hoeing be often a bad time for insects if the ceived from your house gave entlrE
as cotton seed meal, tankage, blood desirable or even possible, and the ef- weather is at all dry). As soon as satisfection. Your respectfully,
and bone and potash, sulphate or car- forts of the grower must be in line to the rains set in, begin applying cotton F G. Idle
beoate, (ashes) also tobacco; the latter produce such a growth, governing his seed meal again, 1,000 to 1,200 pounds San Antoalo, Pla, Sept, 25 000.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. -w
PLOW)A DEPARJEU T.
BY W. C. STEELE,
A few weeks ago, August 29, we des-
cribed this vine. At the date that was
written, about August 20, it was in full
bloom and had been so for two or
three weeks. At this date, October 3,
it is still full of clusters of flowers.
But for over two weeks there has also
been mingled with the blossoms a
feathery cloud of ripening seeds. Like
many of the compositae family, each
acnl bear a crown of featherT briatire
similar to those of the Dandelion, but
much smaller. This grayish cloudiness
has been greatly admired.
This is a bulbous rooted, climbing
plant, belonging to the Lillaceae and
commonly called "Climbing Lily." The
name is much more appropriate than
is usual with common names. A great
many flowers that are commonly called
"Lllea" are not only not Lillea but do
not belong to the Liliaceae or Lily
family. The Gloriosa not only be-
longs to the Lily family but the blos-
soms very closely resemble some vari-
eties of Lily.
We sent for a plant early last spring.
When received it was a dry bulb, if
bulb it could be called. The root or
bulb consisted of two prongs, each
about three or four inches in length
and one half an inch or a little over in
diameter. The two prongs were united
sf8mlag ta 8esnnt us w8t8 in (ue shape
of a large letter V.
It was very slow in starting into
growth though kept in the house in a
warm place and given every advantage.
Finally, in April, one prong began to
gfmw isA manner gr ef wt? esnewa
that probably the other half would
start in time, so we cut them apart and
potted the one that had begun to grow.
A week or two later, the second one
started and was also potted. We set
them into small wooden tubs about
eight inches inside diameter and eight
inches deep, in very rich soil. One
was set on the front porch facing
northwest, with plenty of light but
no direct sunlight. The other was set
under a cloth shelter six feet high, the
.sides closed in four feet high with
feice pickle aboiit three Inches apait.
allowing free circulation of air but no
gales to do injury.
Each was provided with string upon
which to climb. The one on the porch
has made a growth of about ten or
twelve feet but as yet shows no signs
of blooming. The other has grown only
about six feet but has been in bloom
for about three weeks. One flower has
are several buds yet to open.
The flowers are quite lily-like in ap-
pearance. The segments of the flow-
ers, however, are more reflexed than
is usual with Lilies, in fact they turn
clear back so as to enclose the stem.
When they first open, the parts of the
flower are greenish yellow. Within
two or three days the petals and se-
pals begin to turn red at the tips,
this gradually extends towards the
base. the color of the lower Dart
tuniin4fi Bt light jcllow, then orange
red and finally the whole flower is a
The blossoms last about two weeks.
from the time the bud opens until the
petals wilt and begin to droop. The
flowers are very curious and beauti-
ful. Although it was introduced in-
to cultivation in 1825, from South
Africa, it is only offered in one Amer-
ican catalogue that we have seen. It
is offered by English florists.
We do not understand it. It must
be either that it does not succeed
well as a house plant at the North or
else it is too difficult to propagate
to be offered cheaply.
There seems to be no reason why
it should not become more common
here. It only needs to be shielded
from the direct rays of the midday
sun and sheltered from strong winds
to become a plant that will be highly
.iinrlupl lnl urie Uin i t
Editor Floral Department.'
Noting your article on Sansevieras
we are prompted to make the fol-
lowing remarks about the different
species we are cultivating.
Sanseviera Guineensis has bloomed
for us a great many times, but the
flowers are small and not of any par-
ticular beauty either in form or color.
The blooms are borne aloft above the
leaves on tall RDikes. each sDike
hanrlui a number oa small aouw
ers, greenish-white in color, and so in-
conspicuous and common looking as
not to attract much attention. We
have not noticed any other species
There are about nine species known,
natives of Africa and the East Indies;
we have two species, S. Guineensis.
the African Bow-string hemp, having
broad-more or less recurved-spot-
ted leaves, of most vigorous habit; S.
Zeylanica, from Ceylon, more upright
growing, narrower leaves more de-
cidedly marked, or spotted with white
than the former, and a handsome
plant for decorative use. then we havO
a variety of S. Gulneensis with pure
white stripes running lengthwise of
the leaves which is quite rare, and is
a well-defined and handsome thing.
They are particularly useful for
house culture, being able to stand ill-
treatment, shade, dust. etc.. to a
gFeaxte sefQnr t~M Rn R east g'arF .
and form very nice specimens in large
pots, or tubs of fairly rich soil.
They are easily propagated from suck-
ers and cuttings of the leaves, which
root readily and throw up shoots in
In open air culture in Florida they
readily come up from the fleshy root
if frost damages them, but it requires
about two or three years of undam-
aged growth to get really fine large
plants. Reasoner Bros.
Since making up our department,
the following note on the above subject
hast beon received It only oonfitna
what Mr. Reasoner says. You will no-
tice that R. R. F. says the flowers
are only about one half inch across.
which is very small. Of course the
fragrance is an added attraction. We
grow Mignonette not for the beauty of
the flower but on account of its fra-
In the last Agriculturist there is an
article on Sanseviera Zeylanica.. I
aonull aar that amnin tll-ti tor tuul
yeara ago we nan pianta to UiWm. 1 l
bloom is on a long stem, with flowers
on each side (all around) and for six
or eight inches in length they were a
small white star, somewhat like a dim-
inutive lily, about one-half inch across,
pure white and very sweet. R. R. F.
One of the prettiest objects in the
grounds surrounding the president's
mansion is the Lantana, trained as a
shrub, with a straight stalk four or
five feet high with a round head, cov-
ered with its white, verbena like
RVwe t, Ie tifaini of ii oiuc iVrl (fi
the beautiful planned and executed
this marvel, but he holds no royalty on
the discovery. The best of it is, that
the humblest homesteader in Florida
has the right to imitate this floral gen-
ius, and can successfully do it. with a
small outlay of time and labor and
none of money.
Canas and Caladiums are among the
foremost of decorative plants In the
nation's capital, where there are more
and finer specimens than we have
ever seen anywhere else. They have
simply all the warmth, moisture and
rich soil that they need-all artificial--
except the summer's heat, for they
have to be carefully protected in win-
Florida has all of these bestowed by
nature and the dwellers there need
only to do a little work occasionally to
excel all that art produces in colder
Every home ought to be ornamented
with a profusion of these plants, which
are so perfectly at home in the"Land
of Flowers," and which would be a
areat attraction to all who visit there.
amn or money taiue also to ite home-
This plant belongs to the Lily fam-
ily. Most of the family do well in
this state and we presume this would
also thrive in open ground culture. We
clip part of an article on the subject
from the Mayflower, omitting direc-
tions for house culture:
"This lovely plant deserves to be
b cttr ihheow bding o very catlfac-
tory in every way both outdoors and
for window culture. It is a native at
Arabia, being often called 'Arabian
Star of Bethlehem.' It is not a new
plant in Europe, having been brought
to England from Egypt about 1630.
"It is not perfectly hardy in the
north, but does well with good protec-
tion as far north as Chicago.
"The flowers seem entirely out of
proportion to the slender stem and low
growing foliage, the cluster consisting
of from fifteen to thirty flowers each
one an inch in diameter. They are of
the purest pearly white with a shining
black bead-like center. This gives the
namei to tile plant, it being taKen f rom
two Greek words meaning bird's eye.
The flowers remain perfect on the
stalk for a long time, longer than those
of another plant I know of.
"Its culture is simple, in most re-
spects exactly like the Hyacinth. It
40i5? H1 filisrif i irnu fi Wil- ? rnc- r-
doing much better in ordinary loaiin
with no fertilizer, being inclined to go
to foliage at the expense of the flowers
if too rich earth is used.
"Contrary to the general opinion,
these bulbs can be forced several sea-
sons if dried off carefully after bloom-
ing. When dry the pots containing the
bulbs should be set away in the cellar
until fall when they can be repotted
and treated as before.
"There is a touching legend concern-
ing this beautiful flower, though there
are so many members of the family it
is impossible to tell which one is
referred to. At the time of the birth
rf Chrint in the mannI r at BDthilirm.
HTl oea wao a pile io hay; this was
composed of dried bracken-a coarse
sort of Fern-and of a plant which at
that time bore a small insignificant
flower. When the baby head touched
the hay, the bracken made no sign of
reverence, but the other plant burst
into bloom and was named the 'Star of
Bethlehem,' no longer bearing insig-
nificant blossoms, but beautiful ones.
The Fern, because it made no sign of
reverence. was made to live and grow
tlhrlnulhllt the liasxa without a fnnfro
or ain. Kiun, ira-gglng out a levary,
useless existence and only perpetuat-
ing itself by spores on the under side
of the leaves."
All the Solanums we had seen or
tested in Florida had done so well,
with only a single exception, that last
spring we got a plant of Solanum Ran-
tonetti. We set it in a sunny bed and
the soil is deep but probably not quite
rich enough. At any rate we have
Bad *Ily WA ?iF thfiE Iniaihtiflicant
blossoms and the plant has made very
little growth. Whether this was ow-
ing to the soil or climate we cannot
say. A writer in the Mayflower had'
"How many Mayflower readers have
had a plant of the Solanum Rantonetti
I wonder? Mine was such a tiny
11111& mWTmw Goi.Un
-B&-~~~ W10d bymlgiA&
thing when it came, only three or four
inches high, that I was not impressed
by its importance and so tucked it
away in a sunny corner of my shrub
bed where the soil was rich and deep.
Six weeks later a rich blue flower
caught my eye while trimming a
Spiraea and there my Solanum was
over a foot high and just full of Its
richly colored blossoms.
"It bloomed all summer and when I
took it up in September it was still
full. I cut the soil about it one after-
noon, then watered it and left it until
the next morning before potting it. It
wilted very little and after a week of
shading came up finely, and now (Jan-
uary) is nearly three feet in diameter
and loaded with buds and blosaoma."
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Editor Floral Department.
Do you know if there are more than
three varieties of Clerodendron?
Miss St. John.
Yes, .there are at least five varieties
quite common in Florida. Cleroden-
dron Balfonri, (synonym C. Thomp-
sonae), bright scarlet flowers with low-
er part encased in bag-like calyx of
pnt white, U. franrann fl: ni. double
white, very fragrant.
C. foetidum, double red, showy but
having very ill odor.
C. Siphonanthus, tall with cream
colored flowers from four to six inches
long, followed by purple seeds'in dark
C. Viscossissima, described by Reas-
oner Bros. as "A tree with very showy
flowers, resembling those of the Catal-
pa, hardy in Florida."
Besides these five Reasoner Bros.
offer C. delicatum and formerly also
iliteti C. Splenaens.
Wm. Bull, of London, England, offers
four other varieties. How many more
there are we do not know. -Ed.
BEWARE OF OINTMENTS FOR CA-
TABHI THAT IVIVTA4Th MiNi-
as mercury will surely destroy sense
of smell and complelel3 derange the
whole system when entering it through
the mucous surfaces. Such articles
the mucous surfaces. Such articles
should never be used except on pre-
scriptions from reputable physicians,
as the damage they will do is ten fold
to the good you can possibly derive
from them. Hall's Catarrh Cure, man-
ufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Tole-
do. O., contains no mercury, and is
taken internally, acting directly upon
the blood and mucous surfaces of the
system. in buying Hall's Catarrh
c IU a MIaNi< yl! gf tha 4yaulnei. ft
is taken internally and is made in To-
ledo, Ohio, by F. Cheney & Co. Tes-
Sold by Druggists, price 75c. per
Halls' Family Pills are the best.
SUGAR LAND FOR SALE.
A desirable tract of land, admirably
adapted to cane or orange culture, a
nzpibun _nne it nn -!2
aiqyRHUN fsai Pf -14 asjfi, Z ]?l^
of the old Nairn sugar plantation, sit-
uated on the west bank of the Missis-
sippi river about 60 miles below New
The place is well drained, It being
cleared 16 arpents deep, and having on
it about 2000 small orange trees and 8
arpents plant cane. A comfortable
dwelling house, a large barn and a
number of head of live stock completes
the equipment of the place.
Should one desire to raise cane, a
ready market can be had for same, as
a railway connects it with two large
_entral sugar factories; For terms an'
MRS. J. Y. GILMORE,
520 Poydras street. New Orleans.
I I F I rl T ; __
STHE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Entered at the post-office at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
E.O. PAINTER & CO.,
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Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
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WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1900.
Oranges in St. Johns County. large quantities of seed.
It begins to look as though no part of i
the state will be exempt from orange Tables Turned.
culture under the protecting influence It has been many a year since the
of the different methods of protection southern farmers were as prosperous
that are being tried. From Mariana as they are now. Cotton, the great
comes a request for protection infor- staple crop, has reached the highest
nation and materials and we should point in many year a and instead of
not be surprised it some places in
not be surprised if some places In the farmer getting thirty dollars per
Georgia would not soon claim the hon- bale for his cotton, it is now worth
F01 8 iflrtM aFw B-RSX firn Vss g^ R1 1g MIM IN
Hastings, in St. Johns county, has more of a boon to the farmer than at
the reputation of being the best potato first appears. In the first place he is
raising section in the state, but few ree r e the iner-
think of her as a citrus producer. The c ; he as cah to b hee ne
chant; he has cash to buy where he
writer had occasion to stop at that burg will, and having cash can often buy
for a short time last week and found
that besiort tde gardening and farming at a saving that more than equals the
that besides gardening and farming n creased price of cotton. What is the
operations. considerable attention was creased price of cotton. What is the
farmer's prosperity means a curtailing
being paid to orange culture and thef revenue for the merchant, who no
orange trees that had been taken care
of were doing we. Mr. W. n- longer holds the "lines" over the farm-
of were doing well. Mr.Geo. W. Leon- er. He can not bill up goods at his
ard is preparing to cover two acres. er He an not bill up goods at hs
His plan is to put up tight outside own figures and pay his own price for
cotton, but he must meet competition
walls of boards and cover with cloth. cotton, but he must meet competton
Bat ovel feature aout his prot- as the farmer has cash. A good story
uton tplan i rs het o his d eating." is told in the Dallas News which illus-
tion plan Is his method of "heating."
He propobeo to turn the water from hil trates how this operates. "There is a
artesian wells into ditches that will joke going the rounds which involves
surround the grove and intersect it so a certain merchant and a diversifying
that he will not have to sit up nights farmer. Some time ago this farmer
firing He is not going it entirely blind came to the merchant and wanted to
but acting on a little experience gained make arragnements for his year's sup-
last winter with a pineapple shed. He plies. A mortgage was taken on his
treated his small pinery in this way two mules. When the farmer began
and had the satisfaction of seeing his bringing his eggs and chickens to the
pines come through the winter un- poultry men here, and getting the top
touched by cold. price for them, he began placing mon.
We oae asat spria te ret~.t that ey to his credit in one of the banks.
Mr. Leonard has been more than sue- And later on when he sold his wheat
ceseful with his plan of water pro- and oats he came to Mr. Merchant and
tection. paid off the mortgage and still had
We are indebted to Mr. C. H. White money. This week he bought in sev-
for his kiadness in enabling us to take eral bales of cotton, which he sold for
a trip around the country. His fall crop between 9 and 10 cents, and his cotton
of potatoes were looking well but their seed for $12 per ton. He then went
yield depends in a great measure on to said merchant and offered to loan
how soon frost appears. The fields him $500 on good security if he need-
from which the spring crop of potatoes ed it. The merchant, says he knows
wa gathered are now one dense mass he has no right to be angry with the
although clean hay will answer. Put
a handful between each ham to keep
from touching. It is not necessary to
fill the vacant space in the box. When
nearly filled with hams place a small
tin plate, old sardine box or tin can on
top of the meat and pour into the tin
can about a teaspoonful of bisulphide
of carbon and cover the box, first with
paper over the box before putting on
the lid. The liquid will soon volatilize
into a gas, which being heavier than
the air will settle down into the box,
gfrlg ?D4 Ds aIl: all fif n i
insect life. In a few days the gas will
escape and leave no scent or odor on
the meat or box, and the hams will be
clean and sweet and free from insects.
The carbon may be bought of druggists
at 25 to 50 cents a quart and is becom-
ing a household necessity to extermin-
ate vermin. It is a colorless liquid,
very inflammable and requires great
caution in use. The gass settles down-
ward, and the small quantity used in
boxes well covered is not very danger-
ous, as it gradually escapes and mixes
with the air, and loses its inflammable
qualities. I have used It in.boxes, to
kill various insects, in beans, peas,
garden seeds, bacon, onions and flour.
I have heretofore used wood ashes on
hams, but the alkaline salt, combined
with grease, made a substance not de-
sirable. Also borax, with more suc-
cess, but is this salt healthful for the
human stomach? Also scalding the
hams to kill skipper eggs and then put-
ting in paper bags. Also cloth bags
dipped in paste, but nothing has proved
to be so handy and cleanly and certain
of good results, as carbon bisulphide,
applied to hams packed away with cot-
ton seed. I discovered last summer
skippers in large numbers on a lot of
bacon. I immediately placed it in a
box and placed inside about a tea-
cupful of bisulphide of carbon to vola-
tilize. In 36 noiur there was not a liv-
ing skipper and the bacon clean, with-
out any odor of the gas.-M. F. Berry,
in 'American Agriculture.
A sensible Vrmer.
A Wisconsin farmer has adopted a
plan of advertising in his home paper
which he declares has saved him much
valuable time and brought handsome
returns for the money Invested. -He
says: "When I am ready to sen stuff
I Insert a lltttle advertisement in the
of beggar weed, crab grass and weeds, farmer, but that it seemed to him a
furnishing a problem for the farmer as little impudent the way the money was
to how to turn it under. Mr. White flashed in his face."
has rigged up a sulky plow with a *
Moon colter, turning colter and chain guckeye Nurseries.
by which he is able to turn under this Mr. M. L. Gillett, of Tampa, who is
mass of vegetation to furnish nutri- one of the old time orange growers of
ment for his next potato crop. Marion county, writes us as follows:-
One of the peculiar features of Hast- "My nurseries are in the southern part
wings is that the land is comparatively of Marion county and there has never
low and flat but by a system of ditches been any white fly in that locality. I
and canals the drainage is very com- am one of the oldest and largest exclu-
plete, so that during the past season, sive citrus nurserymen, having been
which was unusually wet, the crops in the business continuously for over
did not suffer, while in higher localities twenty years. I shipped over two
they were drowned out. With ditches million budded trees to California and
and artesian wells they are prepared am doing an extensive business in Cu-
for either wet or dry weather. Dur- ba, Jamacia, Porto Rico and Mexico."
Ing wet weather the open ditches carry Mr. Gillett is well known to all the
of the surplus and during dry weather old orange growers of the state and the
the dammed ditches turn the artesian fact that he has such a large foreign
water wherever needed. An advantage trade speaks well for his ability and
that cannot be had but in few local- management of the nursery business.
cities. The acreage in potatoes last Orders trusted to him will receive
year was 300 acres but next year there prompt and careful attention.
will be not less than 600 acres, or an *
estimated crop of between twenty-five Carbon Bisulphide for Skipper lites.
and thirty thousand barrels. I have had several years' experience
) in keeping hams successfully from the
n Cr skipper fly by the use of bisulphide of
Velvet 'Bean Crop Short. carbon and from hairy worms and a
The report or the bnarnte ofat relt small PVmwl aersixs asaernllqe to the
beans this year seems to be well found- eye. Many of my neighbors have also
ed and the farmers who are fortunate successfully used the carbon. The
enough to have meat s hung up and dried in the usual
enough to have a crop or part of a way, early or late, without reference
crop should take care of it, for there to the coming ot the skipper fly, as no
is likely to be a shortage of seed" for favors are asked of any of his tribe,
another year. The continuous rainy whether eggs, larva, pupa, br parent
weather has blighted the bloom so that fly, as all are destroyed when epnfined
in contact with the gas.
in fields where the vines have had noth- Proce tt bar or boxes and
ing to climb on they are almost barren line the inside with paper to keep in
but wherg they havy been atble t pligmb gas. Secure some cotton seed as it Is
on trees or fences they have nroduied the cleanest of all packing material,
local paper telling what I have to sell
and if any live stock how many head
of each, and when they will be ready to
ship and the result has been that the
buyers are right after me, either per-
sonally or by mail and naturally I al-
ways get the highest market. If I
want to buy a cow, a steer, a horse, or
a dozen of each I insert a little adver-
tisement that costs me maybe 50 cents
and instead of traveling over the coun-
try inquiring of my neighbors who has
this or that for sale the home paper
does it for me at less expense and those
who have what I want manage to let
me know in some way." Here is a sug-
gestion that might be utilized profitably
by thrifty farmers everywhere.
A Word af Warning.
EBitor Florida Agricultrisut.
I wish to warn the orange growers
of the East Coast to be very careful
about getting trees from the West
Coast where the white fly has become
epidemic. The white fly is the only
dangerous enemy which we have ever
had to reckon with. It is an insect
which may kill out a grove no matter
how old and well established it may
be. It has never yet found a foot-hold
on this coast and the man who imports
it will do more damage to us than a
Better buy home grown trees which
are healthy and free from insect pests
than save a few cents and buy the in-
soot Infoeted took from Polk or iI.-
;es; ? tfiS. It WIU mman a5 et lial
to us if we can keep clear of this in-
fection, but it will require concerted
action to do it surely. Any stock from
an infected section must be carefully
defoliated before shipment. Hydro-
cyanic acid gas will kill them certainly.
J. B. Beach.
West Palm Beach, Fla., Oct. 13, 1900.
ANWUBSB TO 00~MamreaOsdMBm.
This department is devoted to answering
such questions as may be asked by our sub-
scribers, which may be of general information.
Enquiries of personal character that require
answer by mail should always have stamp en-
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I have a number of fine guava
bushes, that are now bearing fruit,
which were frozen to the ground last
year. I should like to know if there is
any way of protecting these bushes
from the cold without having to buy a
tent so that we can have fruit next
y 2= =ot =!ble +t =r &Z
bushes with tentsyet very much desire
to have them fruit next year. Any
information you can give will be
thankfully received. J. R. S.
You can save your guava bushes by
bending them down and covering them
with straw and dirt. Get some empty
barrels, roll them up close to the roots
of the bushes and then pull the
branches over the barrels and fasten
with stout cord to pegs driven into the
ground. Cover the branches with
pine straw and dirt. The barrels will
keep the limbs from breaking and
they will straighten much better in the
spring than if bent flat to the ground.
In the spring when all danger of frost
Is past, remove the straw and bar-
rels, straighten up the bushes and they
will soon commence to grow and bloom.
We saved our guava bushes during the
'94 and '90 rre ea In this way and
had fruit during the summer when
there was none other in the state to
be had, and realized 20 cents a quart
for all we had to sell. You can save
your bushes as mentioned above, but
we do not promise that you can get
the 90 cuto a quart ncx year.
Editor Florida Agrioulturst:,
I have been troubled with worms in
our seed boxes; can you tell me how to
get rid of them? S. P.
The method followed to rid flower
pots of worms is to saturate the soil
with lime water. To prepare the lime
water take a quart of unslaked lime
and pour it into a gallon of water and
let it stand over night. In the morn-
-; THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. ea
ing thoroughly stir the lime and water
together and set it away to settle, after
adding another gallon of water. The
following morning pour off the clear
lime water into a receptacle by itself
and throw away the residue. Use this
lime water for saturating your soil in
boxes and you will have no further
trouble with the worms.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Can you tell me where I can get
strawberry plants? I find none ad-
vertised in the Agriculturist. F. R. O.
This is not the only inquiry we have
had recently for the address of straw-
berry plant growers, but it seems that
our growers have either sold out all
their stock, gone to sleep, or do not
know the value of advertising. R. K.
Muirhead & Son, of Passadena, Is the
only one in the state that we know of
who is making a specialty of raising
Editor Florida Agriculturist:,
Will you please tell me how I can
get rid of nut grass. This grass has
taken hold of my garden and it seems
impossible to eradicate it. I have seen
so many good things In your answers to
correspondence column I thought I
would try for information on this sub-
ject. C. B.
The easiest way to get rid of nut grass
Is to move to some other locality where
it is not started, but as we cannot al-
ways move when we would like, we
have to fight this worst enemy the
Florida grower has in the weed line.
We have tried to smother it out by
covering a foot deep with pine straw,
but it would come through. We have
hoed and raked'and pulled, but still
enough remained to get another start.
We have heard it said that velvet
beans will smother it out in two or
three years, and we are trying this
plan. From present appearances Jr
would seem that the nut grass does not
thrive as well under the velvet bean
as under previous treatment, and we
are in hopes that by continuing the
growth of velvet beans that we may
be able to eradicate the nut grass en-
tirely. The only other method of erad-
Icating it is to keep the surface of the
ground cultivated absolutely clean for
a year, not a plant of any kind being
allowed to grow. If any one of our
readers has had experience along this
line we would like to hear from them.
Pull o Orange.
B. O. Pointer & Co., Jacksomville, Fra.
Gentlemen-I have used Simon Pure
No. 1. fertilizer on my bearing grove
for the past six years. My trees are so
full of oranges this year that I have
been obliged to put from three to six
props under a good many of the trees.
I don't know of any fertilizer that will
equal Simon Pure No. 1 as a fruit pro-
ducer. W. J. Lewis.
Lirmona, Fm., RegM 9-ts, Iggy,
Publishers Florida Agriculturist:
Gentlemen:I have received the Flor-
ida Agriculturist and like it very much.
D. W. Starkey,
RATES-Twenty words, name and address one
week, z cents; three weeks 50 cents.
WRITE-to J. D. BELL, St. Petersburg, Fla.
for pineapple plants. 41x
FOR RENT-Nine room house completely
uair-.h.' bath. etc Nar Boltv.ad .r a
univealty. Boi an, DeLand, Ila. 432x
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
mostly budded to Grape-ruit and Tangerine.
SBox Orlando, Fla. 3S4t
SALT SICK-Cured for one dollar or money
refunded. W. H. man, Manville, Fla.
AGENTS WANTED.-For "Economy" Har-
ness Riveters, and other sure selling novel-
ties. PALMETTO SUPPLY CO., DeLand,
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. JAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. 31tf
THE SID B. SLIGH CO.,-Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla. 47tf
SMOOTH CAYENNE.-Pineapple plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg,
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25 cents per dozen. Good sized plants
ready now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale,
ORANGE TREES-We have now ready for
delivery, large one and two years buds on
rough lemon. WINTER HAVEN NUR-
GENUINE Pineapple Orange buds from the
old Bishop Hoyt & Company grove also few
Tangerine and Grape Fruit Buds GEORGE
L. CARLTON, Pine, Fla. 40x42
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne and Abbaka plants. Free from in-
sects and disease. LAKESIDE PINE-
RIES. C. B. THORNTON, Orlando, Fla.
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 5 varieties of 2 and 3 year citrus
buds. For good stock and low prices, ad-
dress C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tf
FOR SALE-375 Cash. Eight acres of high
pine land near DeLand Junction. 5 acres
cleared, the balance of the tract is in timber.
Address P. M. H. care Agriculturist, De-
ONION MONOPOLY-Bermuda Onion
plants $1 a thousand will mature two months
before October sown seed. Samples mailed.
Cabbage plants 32 Lettuce $1. Bear Head
Farms, Orlando, Fla. 42x44
WANTED-To exchange northern property
for orange grove with comfortable house
for winter homt. Address with full particu-
lars THOMAS S. MOFFATT, Astor House,
New York city, N. Y. It
ORANGE, POMELO AND LEMON TREES
-on sour or trifoliata stocks, for summer and
fall shipment. Large assortment fine trees.
Write for prices. GLEN ST. MARY NUR-
SERIES, G. L. Taber, Proprietor, Glen St.
Mary, Fla. 31tf
SITUATION WANTED-By an experienced
Gardener, Trucker and Stockman. Not
afraid of work, highest recommendations.
Single, age 37. Write for particulars. FORE-
MAN, 126 North Texas Avenue, Atlantic
City, New Jersey. 41x44
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-Tampa, Fla. Wish
to clean up two nurseries of summer buds
in Marion county before Jack Frost gets in
*his work. All standard varieties of buds one
to three feet on six year old sour roots will
sell very cheap prior to December D. 42tf
BUCKEYE NURSERIES-M. E. Gillett,
Prop. Tampa, Fla., 40,000 Orange. Lemon.
and Grape fruit trees. Large proportion Pine-
apple, Tangerine and Grape Fruit on six to
nine year old sour stock. Trees healthy and
vigorous. No white fly. Correspondence so-
ORANGE and Grape fruit trees for sale of all
varieties, at prices ranging from twenty to
fifty dollars per 100 afts, and buds, on fine
large stock; ready for delivery after Oct. 15;
engage trees now for fall and winter plant-
ing. O. W. CONNER, Ocklawaha, Fla.
FOR SALE-Grape fruit and Orange trees.
Largest and most complete stock in the state.
Trees budded on either Citrus, Trifoliata,
Rough lemon, sour or sweet orange stocks.
Best quality, Low prices. Address THE
GRIFFIN BROTHERS Company, Jack-
sonville, Fla. 41tf
WANTED-Customers for a million fruit trees
and plants for Florida planting. Oranges,
Grape Fruit, Peaches, Persimmons, Plums,
Pears, Grafted and Budded Pecans, Cam-
phor trees. Roses, Ornamentals, etc. Cata-
ogue free. Address, THE GRIFFING
BROTHERS Company, Jacksonville, Fla.
WE HAVE complete list American manufac
turers. Can buy for you at lowest prices and
ship you direct from each, machinery, ma-
chines of all kinds, engines, boilers, incu-
bators, windmills or anything wanted. Cor-
respondence solicited. AMERICAN
TRADES AGENCY, Jacksonville, Fla. 6tl
FOR SALE-Two and one-half acres of land,
one and one-half acres bearing pines, eight
room house, barn, packing house, tools, etc.
All in first-class condition. Property on good
street in city limits. For particulars ad-
dress WRIGHT & STAHL, Orlando, Fla.
BELGIAN HARES-Young from the follow-
ing strains. Champion Fashoda, Prince
Fashoda, Blooming Heather, Lord Britian,
Sir Stiles. Any from above for from 13.00
to $7.00. Also Prince Fashoda, Sire, Cham-
pion Fashoda winner of more prizes than
any buck ever imported to America. A. E.
CRAWFORD, 170 N. Fremont Ave., Los
WANTED CASSAVA-The Planters' Mann
facturing Co., Lake Mary, Fla. will be glad
to correspond with all persons wishing to
sell CASSAVA this fall, either for cash or
in exchange for CASSAVA FEED. Early
arrangements will be of value to growers and
WE PAY THE FREIGHT. F. G. PER-
KINS, President. 40x45
CONSIGN ORANGES TO
PORTER BROS. CO.,
WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.
CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $25o,ooo.oo.
NEW YORK. BOSTON.
MINNEAPOLIS. ST. PAUL.
PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville s for re
JNeC giving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses of
PORTER BRO. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.
NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.
a d EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipmets of STRAWBERRIES ad VEGETABLES sheed g
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO mnd NEW YORK. Stamed, Masu Qeta-
tUon. a"dGenaral Insutact ls fwo shlWa Frid& pModft. nsUed bear the JaeIwrf4le dtfi..
Myers'. Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. copper tank.............12 00
Myers' Knapsack Pump, 5
gal. galvanized iron tank.. 7 00
(Brass Bucket Spray Pump.. 3 50
Barrel Spray Pump, com-
plete with hose, etc.......... 1 00
Climax No. 3, complete
with hose, etc................18 00
Climax No. 4, complete
with hose, etc................... M0.70
Myers' California Favorite,
Insectiddee: Lime, Sulphate of Oop-
per (Bluestone), Sulphur, etc.
ls om a" B amo 4OrfQ. 6
Shaved BtrQt Fres Ga
N zed Bases, adttsTt
Orange Wrase Cement Ors.
oohsee atsteo Temae
Oaw rls, Letues Baeskets. viL.
Boom 18 Robinson Bldg.
We have a full supply of
all the best varieties of Or-
g 1= I-Cnsges, Pomelos, Kumquata,
etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. Can show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals.
CATALOOUE FREE. Correspondence Solited.
GLEN ST.MARY NURSERIES,
0. L. TABER, Proprietor,
Glen St. Mary,
a .a Florida.
FRUIT TREES .s
If you will send us one new subscriber to the FLORIDA. AG-
RICULTURIST at $2 per year you can send for
the catalogue of
GLEN ST. MARY NURShRT5S,
And select 81.50 worth of fruit trees, shrubbery or ornamental plants at list price,
and they will be packed and put f. o. b cars at Glen St. Mary with
Mr. Tabor's guarantee. Address
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jackavine, Florid.
TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND TE TROPICS.
ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS rafte on CITRUS TJ
Camphor, Vaallla, Palms, Fruit, Nat and Sihad Trees.
Orapes, Small Pruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotou, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FRUITLAND NURSERIES J. BERCKMA As^. Ga.
AWLEstabr shed56 P.J. BERC3MNCO, Ae oa.
2 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
An communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.
Help the Teacher.
As the time for opening the public
schools is now at hand, it may not be
amlss to say a good word for the
If there is one subject of more inter-
get tv the pftr9on than another, it if
that the teacher should be a person of
the strictest morality and the best hab-
its. No person but one of culture and
refinement should be given charge of
the training of the young mind, and
while it is not advisable or in harmony
with the spirit of our constitution to
demand a religious qualification, it
would be better for the children's fu-
ture if each teacher had, at least, a
strong reverence for sacred things. Im-
presnlon received in the school room
are lasting, therefore it is of the high-
est importance that these Impressions
should be such as have an uplifting
and elevating influence on the charac-
ter. The teacher is, in a sense, a mis-
ilonary, whose Influence doom not stop
within the bounds of the school room,
but is felt in every home in the dis-
trict, so it is the first importance that
she should be a person who unites all
these quaihications in her character,
as Is generally the case.
Having chosen such a teacher, the
patrons' duty is to see that their child-
ren are kept in school, and to help and
encourage them in their lessons. The
teacher, by her own unaided efforts.
can do much for the school, but if the
patrons will see to it that their child-
ren prepare some of their lessons at
night, the school will be in a much
better working condition. It is very
encouraging to the teacher if this is
done, and is also a stimulus to the
One very serious hindrance to the
teacher's usefulness, is criticism of
her methods, etc., in the presence of
the children, as many parents thought-
lessly do. This lessens the pupil's re-
apect for her and weakens her influ-
ence, and, in some cases, Is the cause
of almost if not total, failure.
Teachers are but human and need all
the encouragement you can give them
in their arduous work. It would be a
great kindness if, when you see any-
thing to condemn in her management.
o wnolld or to her nrivotlv and t|ll
in this way than you are aware of.
The success of the school depends In a
great measure on the attitude of the
patrons. Children are great imitators,
and if their parents approve of a
teacher, will generally make an effort
to please her, although they may in-
dulge in a good deal of surreptitious
mischief. If the pupils like their teach-
er, and that teacher can count on her
patrons' support, the school is pretty
sure to be a success.
Oaring for the Teeth.
We have often seen those who have
regular features and good complexions
but whose appearance was far from
being inviting because the teeth wpre
dark and discolored. When we con-
sider that the general health and
comfort as well as the appearance de-
pends in a great measure upon these
useful members, we often wonder why
they are so sadly neglected by a vast
number of people.
If the teeth are kept clean, it will
pi~kV-it tl~&y, inuli& thtm liot twicr
as long, and keep the breath sweet and
wholesome. The proper method of do-
ing this is to give them a thorough
brushing every morning and evening.
An excellent wash for the teeth is
made by dissolving two ounces of
powdered borax In two pints of water.
A-fl s8B8 t98 SfISMp i f SpIzrita of
camphor and bottle until ready to use,
then puf one half a wineglassful in
one gill of tepid water. The brush
that is used should be soft and pliable
so it will not injure the gums, yet stiff
enough to thoroughly cleanse the
teeth. Remove any particles that
may lodge between the teeth
by pressing a piece of sheet rubber,
such as dentists use, edgewise between
them, and pulling it back and forth
until the particles are removed. The
inside of the teeth need cleaning as
much as the outside, but is often ne-
Unsound or delayed teeth are a
menace to the general health, and
cause Intense pain. Filling decayed
teeth often preserves them indefinitely,
and they should be attended to as soon
as any indication of decay Is noticed.
If, upon examination, an aching tooth
is found to be too far gone to be filled,
it should be taken out as soon as pos-
When tartar has formed on teeth, it
sometimes requires a vigorous and pre-
sistent effort to remove it. Make a
tooth powder by mixing chalk, orris
root and carbonate of magnesia. Use
this first, then follow by a wash made
as follown:-DIieolye olle OUHIIIO of
boracic acid In four ounces of water,
add one drachm tincture of myrrh and
ten drops each of essence of cloves and
wintergreen. Shake well and it is
ready for use. This removes all tartar-
ous adhesions, arrests decay and in-
duces healthy action of the gums. It
should be used at least once every day.
E. J. C.
her of your objections. She will thank i Practical Use of a Lemon.
you for this consideration and will us- One of the most delightful luxuries
ally correct the fault. is a lemon bath, and in countries
No teacher can make a success of a wvlere they grow, it is indulged in
daily by most people. Three or four
school, who does not have the support lemons are sliced into the water, which
of her patrons. Even if you do not is drawn half an hour before using, so
like her methods, it would be better to that the juice of the fruit may have a
give her your support and help until chance to permeate ande the comfort
the en of te t wof such tubbing must be felt to be. ap-
the end of the term, when you can em- preciated. The sense of freshness it
ploy some one else. Teachers are some- gives, and the suppleness and smooth-
tim9 grreVaeonable, but ps % nenoral nlons it imparts to the skin is not noon
thing they do their duty as nearly and forgotten, and those who have tried
as fi thfuly as th;er ca. Give the; a the experiment never fail to repeat it.
as faithfully as they can. Give them iI In the West Indies, where the lemon is
a helping hand In maintaining disci- so abundant, it is used instead of soap.
plne. You can .do more to help her and when the natives want to wash
Makes the food more delicious and wholesome
ForM. AKMI POWDER ,o.. New yor,
Lost Ue of His Limbs.
SEVERE ATTACK OF RHEUMATISM
MADE MR. BURNS HELPLESS.
Peursitem Tr4mtm At with Dr. Wau
Un.l Pink Pi Pill r Pale Pe-
pl Drove the Dmas ftm the
Jrom Ahe Pres, s, e N. r.
The following is a plain, straightforward
statement of the way in which an aggra
vated case of rheumatism was cared.'lr.
H. L. Burns, of 44 Brinekerhoff Aveon,
Utic, N. Y., one of the best known groee
of that city, when seen at his store at the
Junction of Park Avenue and Mary Stn
their hands they squeeze the juice on
to them and rub them briskly in water
until they are clean.
In the care of the complexion the
lemon is invaluable, particularly In
summer when a few drops in the water
In which the race is washed removes
all greasiness and leaves the skin fresh
and velvety. A little lemon juice rub-
bed on the cheeks before going to bed
and allowed to dry there will remove
freckles and whiten the skin, besides
giving a delightful smoothness. This
should be done about three or four
times a week in summer and twice a
week in winter, and will be found to
work wonders with such complexions
as are afflicted with enlarged and
blackened pores, and If persevered
with will eventually carry off all un-
sightly blemishes that are not caused
by internal trouble.
Lemons are also useful in the care
of the teeth, a few drops squeezed into
a glass of water for rinsing the mouth
acting as a tonic to the gums and ren-
dering them firm.
In washing the hair, if a lemon is
used, it will cleanse the scalp better
than anything, and give a soft fluffi-
ness to the hair that is always desir-
able. For this purpose, dip the head
into tepid water, take the two halves
of a juicy lemon and squeeze and rub
over the head; when this is done, wash
thoroughly with the hands in the tepid
water, rinse in fresh water of the same
temperature and rub briskly with
towels until the hair is quite dry,
standing in the sun to do this if pos-
sible. The hair will soon become sev-
eral shades lighter under this treat-
ment, which should be performed
about every two weeks.
Lrmons are not so costly, cvcn In
coldest countries, that women may not
easily afford to use this tropical aid
to the toilette, and no other cosmetic
will do so much, or give such good
Another virtue of the lemon is that
the juice of half a one In a cup of
of itrong blach coeff without aouar,
will often cure the most stubborn sick
headache, and in every case will give
considerable relief.-New York Even-
Gray Haired Women.
There is a gray haired joke current
among would be wits depicting the hor-
ror with which a woman discovers her
first gray hair and the frantic haste
with which she seeks to remedy it.
But gray hair is no longer a sign of
age. The rush and nervous tension of
American life are bringing whitening
locks to the comparatively young, and
the woman who finds streaks of silver
in her brown or golden tresses, should
set herself at once to discover the good
and bad points of the change and to
Gray hair is not only beautiful in it-
self, but softening to the complexion
and so picturesque that its coming
often tronaforms a hitherto nlain aner
son Into a distinguished looking Indi-
vidual. Nature seems to have provided
it especially for the time when the
less clear complexion needed something
to lighten and relieve it. This by its re-
flected lights it does in a masterly fash-
ion. darkening by contrast the eyes
which age has Daled and softening and
clearing the skin. What prettier sight
is there than a gracious elderly woman
with waves of soft, snowy hair above
her brow?-Modern Farmer.
The White Glove.
The passing of the white glove is
not a source of unmixed lamentation
to the woman who desires to follow
the edict of fashion. According to the
popular idea the boot and glove are
the distinguishing characteristics by
which a woman of refinement may be
recognized among others, and the
simultaneous reign of the white glove
and the long skirt has been a source
of anxiety as well as a shock to the
innate sense of daintiness of this wo-
man. Now that Paris has declared
in favor of tans and grays, no doubt
a widespread concurrence of opinion
as to the general fitness of the glove
to th l ocsaiot upon which It lI to be
worn will prevail.-Harper's Bazar.
Sharple's Cream Steparators-Proft-
"Bix years ago this month I began tob fe
a slight pain in my hips and leg and, s the
pain g#Ta eorm it cite.tnld to my fia*
hey swelled ll out of shape and the pin
was dreadful. Finally my feet began to
grow numb and I could barely hobble
about. One day when I had come down to
the store I got to the steps and could go an
farther. Finally a paoerby helped me into
the store and I at once put myself in a doe-
tor's care. Electricity was tried but with-
out relief; in act the feeling in my feet
was .o A so sn I f w arlj Jfl i Afi l
forest of the battery.
"One day Mis Kernana, a member of
the family of the late Senator Kernans of
this city, told me about Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills for Pale People and asked me to try
thm. I said I would sad I made up my
mind I would give them a fir tria. In
opinion the majority of people are not wil-
lingtoive remedy a fair trial. I began
to find great relief by the time I had usmd
fve boxes and by the time I had finished the
seventh box I was cared. I had no more
pin, swelling or numbness than I have to-
day and that was five yea ago."
March 9, 1900. H. L. BTras.
At all druneTits or direct from Dr. Wi-
lliams Medicine Co., Sehenectady, N. .,
50 cents per box; 6 boxes, $2.0.
ON EASY TERMS.
Several fine bearing orange and
grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-
TaBtmai thlB year.
Lyle & Co., ...Bartow, Fl.
THE U. S. LIVE STOCK REMEDT bas
proved most efficient in preventing aad
curing Hog and Ohicken Cholera a0d
kindred diseases. It is also a fine mn-
dition powder. Sales are ncreasin. If
your deaaer don't kp It we will ma
It to you on receipt of price Bc per %
b. IAberal discount to dealer. ISAAC
MORGAN. Agent. Klsimmee. FPI a
Budded and Grafted
Imported from India; absolutely free
from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each.
Largest assortment of Crotons in the
Also Citrus stock. Address,
JOHN B. BEACH,
West Palm Beach, Fla.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
POMgUST A" 1AAB DEPAXT-
As eommnuleatou or eanaluies for this
p.Icrj.oi..iJ i i ou 'idW.ina to
Poltry Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.
"qabble Lanted" No.S.
Bdtor PowU r Department.
'The policy in all grades of live stock
is to have the animal make as much
flesh, make as much meat, as possible
with a minimum of cost. Instead of
furnishing the ox daily with purchas-
ed oats and barley and hay, all from
the grain merchant, he gathers a very
wIgi pciFeg and the profit depcndo
upon how much that percent is fur-
nished him, of food in grass or grazing.
,Now then, treat the Belgian Hare the
same as you do the ox and the sheep,
and raise him for meat and what do
the records show?
Seven the New York Sun correspon-
dent (previously referred to) on his
own showing is the best of an argu-
ment. The objection is their wonder-
ful fecundity-that they are so prol
But we believe that is one reason
why It is possible for the Belgian Hare
to drive the ox out of Florida, at least
to make him hustle.
I am friendly to the cattle interests.
No man samisa a nigfn amrs IS tpeam e
Gf BhOf Ififfial liore than I do. Io
man would more like to see the ox so
profitable in Florida that land would
become worth $25 an acre, the ox so
Droftable that he would turn our best
grazing lands into lands of high value.
There are three requisites necessary
for the successful growing of high
class beef in Florida. First, I will
mention the production of finishing
foods 'r feeds: In the north it is
grain largely. The products of wheat,
also linseed meal.
qFlorlda has advanced wonderfully
in the last few years, and she now has
w new finishing material in cassava,
and cotton seed meal; and she also has
the legumes in as successful a form as
the north. These are for growth. There
Is another requisite. In successful high
class beef Drodnction in meat etock. in
Wia f B Igfr fi s i 5aiii to tnhe
front rapidly. The third and really the
largest question Is this-whether the
flora or wild herbage of Florida is as
well adapted to the production of beef
as it Is adapted to other forms of live
stock. As we said before, the profit In
growing live stock depends largely up-
on how large a percent of the animal
can be grown without coat, or with the
minimum of cost. Now if the Belgian
Hare, on the same soil or land. can
eIlar-s idr or Can paaua sf asstr
without cost except as to finishing,
where the Florida ox produces one, Is
he not five or ten times as valuable as
a meat producer? And If the Florida
ox, as It were, cannot pay over a dollar
an acre for land for ox raising pur-
posea, and should it be found that the
Belgian Hare can pay ten dollars an
acre. for the raising of Belgian Hare
meat, It will be esijply a question of
time, till the Belgian Hare's worth as
a meat producer is recognized. This
fact is further true, that the ox is best
adapted to certain soils. Now what
form of lve stock is best adnptd to
FMrida sgodi Thils is a question that
can only be answered by actual facts.
It Is wel known that in Florida to be
successful with cattle,their range must
be frequently changed. Al our live
stock men admit that. Now where the
soils are naturally adapted to the ox,
he can live and move and have his be-
lng, and grow to 1,500 pounds at three
years of age and never get off of a five
The truth of the matter is, the her-
bage of Florida soils is largely of a
character that the ox cannot digest.
It is weedy and woody and fibrous in
its character. Take wire grass for in-
stance: it is more nutritious in muscle
forming than timothy hay, and over
twice a great a fat former. That is
Why, an the spring, when wire grass is
very tender and can be gathered in full
feed an ox gathers very rapidly upon
It. In fact wire grass is adapted rath-
er fr malshing than for growing ani-
mals. For perfect growth, feed should
be in the proportion of about one to
five-one part of muscle forming to
fliv pinrla of Fat forming. But wire
grass has one proportion of muscle
forming to twenty-five portions of fat
forming. And wire grass soon passes
into a condition in which it is largely
indigestible to the ox. Now, what we
claim is that sandy soil cannot cope
with other soils in the production of
meat for the ox, but that there are
certain animals that can produce meat
of as high a character and as cheaply
as the best soils can produce beef.
It is therefore possible that sandy
soils may not be worth one dollar an
:re for ithe prouctIon or ooef, but
may be worth $25.00 an acre for the
production of Belgian Hare meat.
The Belgian Hare, for example,
will eat wire grass in all its stages
and we believe it is possible that he
can extract practically all the nutri-
ment from it, while the ox can only use
it in its earliest stages-just as the
oak can get potash out vt the soil
which the orange cannot get. The
Belgian Hare is a browse-eating ani-
mal. He likes his feed in a dry
form-dried pine leaves as they blow
off the trees form a delicacy for him.
In fact, he needs them for perfect
health. Palmetto and all forms of
weeds and browse are worked up by
h!im !to iaeta-2 faimd If than the
Belgian ITure can use all tfl 11~1M
and weeds and brush, and even fibre
that grow on wild land, and can ex-
tract all the nutriment that there is
in them out of them, he is more val-
uable than the ox on said lands-that
can only extract a percent of the nu.
triment and can only use a certain
percent of the plants that grow there.
r'here are other considerations why
the Belgian Hare Is profitable. In
Florida we must realize on our money
quickly. If we feed legumes, which
are necessary for the complete for-
mation of the highest forms of meat,
we can get our returns on the Bel-
gian Hare in from three to six
months, whereas we must wait from
two to four years on the ox.
If a man could work the year round
raising, feeding grain and dry legumes
And sMtaffng pshra A f tWB-=-sas s9F Jg
same time working in the greatest
amount of, and getting the highest
price for the wild herbage of Florida
largely free of cost-he would realize
two profits-a cash profit on his meat,
and a fertilizer profit in the nutrition
gathered and turned into fertilizer.
We verily believe it is along this
line that Florida prosperity is the
most certain. This now is the final
proposition: In what form can we
ta Insy s msy ibi tgst and gija-ic
If the Belgian Hare will do this-
will give you more money, and money
more quickly than any other animal
or form of live-stock, he is not to be
despised. If he will clear the way.
ditch and drain the land. turn wire
erass Into Bermuda grass, which is
highly beef forming grass. preparing
also the way for the Southdown sheep,
as well as the lordly, short-horn-he is,
indeed. to be welcomed.
In Europe the Belgian Hare meat In-
dustry is firmly established-one prov-
ince in Belgium alone Is aiad to ex-
nort to kngland annually about 75,o66-
000 of these animals for meat pur-
E. W. Shaniharger.
'Bear Head Farm. Orlando, Fla.
CGeting Eggs in Summer.
No hens can very well lay in warm
weather unless kept free from lice and
fed proper food. A ration of one
pound of lean meat once a day for
twenty-four hens will prove more ben
eficial and economical than corn. since
this. If fed daily. may prevent laying
altogether. In -,ldnt of fact, It is not
difficult for a flock of hens, when on a
range-and this is where they will
thrive host-to obtain all, or nearly
all the food they require. Int such
cases they ourht not to be "stuffed"
with corn or wheat, or ever given more
food on the mere snlnosition that it is
the lack of it that has stopped their
laying, Provided hens fail to lay as
they should, find out first the cause of
it, if possible, and then deal with them
as the circumstances demand.
lue, Eru example, iany save snut
off the egg supply. Examine the birds
and their quarters to see if it is not
so. The multiplication of lice during
the warm days of summer is so rapid
that even a clean house will be swarm-
ing with them within a hundred hours
after the appearance of the first
"brood." Assuming that lice are pres-
ent, dust the fowls all over with in-
sect powder, rub a little grease-olive
oil or melted lard-on their heads and
necks, and burn several pounds of sul-
phur in tho poultry ho1e., ITes OBght
t o tOOeamined evry week for lice,
and their quarters white-washed at
least once a month. This can be easily
done with a "fountain pump or spray-
er." The roosts, floor and nests should
at the same time be cleaned well, and
thoroughly sprinkled with coal oil
emulsion, or some one of the com-
mercial lice killers. Neglect this work
and not only are the hens liable to
suffer from the ravages of mites, but
they become debilitated from, loss of
rest, it being a fact that lice carry on
"depredations" mostly at night.
Proper feeding of hens plays an im-
portant part In their laying well.
Feeding meat serves to supply the al-
bumen of the eggs. And what of the
crarhomirsua mzttaF Truasn I, "SIT
UmlteUFw rffi ftl iFliiiidaiice of aeedv
and other pickings on the range. To
be sure something depends on the
range, its size and productiveness, as
to how much the fowls should be fed;
but rarely ought they to be given any
thing further than the meat, I repeat,
unless it is positively known that they
require it If insects are thick and
grass green and plentiful, there will be
more than enough for them, though
the exercise in seeking the food in-.
creases their appetite and so enables
them to consume more material than
they would if they were in confine-
ment. It is a simple matter to ascer-
tain when fowls require more food.
Observation, several times during the
day, will tell one whether their crops
are loaded or not, and also if they come
up at night with a supply reonisite
to 1l21 A29 till thae ItAlwJlg sgg-
aln. Provided they are plump-round
ed out like an apple-in the crop, it is
a waste to feed them anything. They
will eat it, of course, but more from
habit than actual necessity.
When it is thought proper to allow
food, give it always at night, for If
given in the morning the birds will not
be ready to shift for themselves. Fur-
thermore, keep In mind that the meat
given should contain no fat, and that
n ariall nuantial wun s=sj gzleAS tifa
it unould Be 01Cfl0 d fine and scatter-
ed, so as to give all the fowls a chance
of securing a share. Have no fears
that they will overlook any of it; their
eyes are sharp and they will carefully
search over every square foot of the
space occupied.-Fred 0. Sibley In
OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
nrofeasion in this line, is caclualte
method of treatment for VYricocele
and stricture without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of al
eases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nevous Disorders. Kid-
ny and Urinary Complalnts. Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is y quapy successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice is more than double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
cians, rapidly yield to his treatment.
Write him to-day fully abshout your case.
He makes no charge for consultation
or advice, either at his office or by
mail. .T. Newton Hathaway. M. D. 25
Rryan Stret. Ravannah. (4a.
"What a terribly discursive talker
"Yes; all you can do ls to start him
on some other subject and hope he will
get around to the one you want to
YOU OUGHT TO KNOW
mea.. m...inpi peib
a I. ..M Ite %ia a n
odwysmanam&mrageadrtwL g Ie
3"b Ions" waeirs as"t caa. hm
If your fowls are troubled with lice
or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 130
pounds of tobacco dust and srrlnkle
it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
anuml In no BDoBRaaIS#I Riid coat
tamp for sample.-E. O. Painter & Co.,
Parties intending visiting Cuba will
do well to correspond with me about
lands, etc. Use 5c. postage.
THOSE. R. TOWNS,
Quiebra Hacha, Cuba.
P. delRio Province.
While Wire is Down
Me trl t ibm to bay Pt r lea WrltUm.
U a Re""wenh, *qMkru,
PAGE WOVEN Will CI L COn ADU ,i aL
0 PIUM I"IO-U"I
lineatln ,at FiuiBu Addur
. WOOL.Y, M. D., Atlanta, O.
10g s. Gmats I.
S The Practical
yIv anLakm, Fia
"Oertfleate Am. Int. Fair."
Do you want a good wire fence? If
you do build it yourself with our ma-
chine. You can build it for one half
the cost of any ready made fence on
tno maKmot-. ariM HmaSl aS is Mass
steel, and 86 dfiil6 a boy can upset.
To introduce it in Florida, we will sell
a few at the low price of $3.50, regu-
lar price $4.75, charges prepaid.
Good agents wanted.
SUPERIOR FENCE MACHINE CO.
187 Grand River Ave.
Western Poultry Farm,
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 2e.
It tels bow to make doultry 1din
prosetable. It Is up to date. Mt pagI
is day. We iS beat U Hvl e Mil.
er fTr cta pmr gallon. AhumlnumI 1
bands for poultry,1 dos., N et;: I fr
cts- or a; for t for .
HENS' TEETH 7"s. S .n".
To properly digest its food the fowl
must have grit. What teeth are to the
human being grit to the fowL We
can now furnish ground oyster shells,
from freshly opened oysters, from
which all the dust and dirt has bee
screened, to supply this grit which ti
lacking in nearly all parts of Florlda.
Goods very inferior to ours and full
of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer it at
100 Ib bag, 1Te. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
Help your fowls by giving them
plenty of clean grit.
E. O. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville.
Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
tillers and dealers in all kinds of Fer-
628 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Jack and Jil. old woman who "didn't know what to to go sailing over the great shining
A maiden sat by the open ire, do." Phebe knew Just what to do- world perched on a wild bird's ba
Watching the embers flicker, about kittens. She hid them carefully all the other fairies thought the sa
As now and then a spark burst forth, away in all sorts of queer places until thing. As soon as a fairy thinks o
She'd start and her heart beat they were able to scamper about. thing it does it, so, instantly, all
quicker. Then she lugged them in one by one fairies were each mounted on
But not the spark, and laid them at Miss Fosy's feet. screaming wild goose bound son
Nor yet the dark, Miss Fosy was the lame twin. ward. Now because the dancing fair
Were the cause of her hurried flutter, Miss Fosy, as Phebe well knew, was had left the north pole, there were
She was asking herself, with bated too lame to chase and catch the unwel- northern lights in the autumn sky.
breath, come kittens, so she made Miss Feeny those lovely beams of light are o
This same old question, now till death, understand that she must in some way the shining of their twinkling feet
Maids ask so oft, and ever will- get them into a bag that hung behind they danced and danced till the gr
"Does each Jack have his Jill?" the cellar door. It made Phebe's fur old icebergs get excited and begin
Now the maid has passed the tender prickle only to look at that bag. Miss roar and plunge and wallow and be
age Feeny always did as Miss Fosy told each other like rude boys just let
aOf pie nd her, so she tried her feeble best to en- of school. So because there were
And the hidden spark of Love's trap Phebe's family, but being nearly northern lights, people said it was
young dream, blind, she bumped her head against ing to be a warm winter. They
Could he hidden no more by a fib. the table and knocked down Miss not know that the dancing fail
; mColre bll 'oaba r tb rnt-ahi ita gr __i _s_, were only off on a vacation. How t
Of the maiden meek, while the kittens scuttled into corners Wkt e& we ahan very onr Bom i
Was written in plainest letters; for safety. The geese flew southward and al
I wonder if thought wil enter the mind "I can't catch 'em," groaned Miss many days alighted to rest in a p
Of a youth I know so good and kind, Feeny as she rubbed the big bruise on just north of Penataquit. The fai
To say to e with a hearty will, her forehead with vinegar. "I can't were weary with their long jour
"I'll be your Jack, you be my Jill." catch'em, and I won't try no more if their heads all ached badly, too,
Phebe fetches 40,000 of 'em in to both- the geese never stopped honking tf
The days flew by and the young man er us." So the kittens lived and grew Hudson bay to Penataquit and fai
came. and in due time were weaned and as detest noise. The pond was a
And brought the golden fetter, years went by, if Phebe did not bring pond and though the lilies were
When the maiden, trembling, asked 40,000 kittens she certainly did her gone, there were plenty of pads
herself- best in that Une. After a while the to show where they had been.
"Can I ever love him better?" Scragg sisters had so many cats that fairies thought that It would be
The bells then Dealed, it took all the milk of their one cow nice to fall asleep on a nice, wide, i
And the vows were sealed, to feed them, and even then the last lily pad and wake all fresh in
Then the maiden ceased her dreaming, ones went hungry. Phebe by that morning. They slept so soundly t
She now believes It a gospel truth, time was a grandmother cat. The cats they never heard the geese when i
That song of the bard in her early scared away all the birds and the cat- t'ew away just befo- sunrise, tho
youth. erpillars came and spoiled all the fruit the old leader of the fock was in
And she cries aloud with a happy in the orchard and the vegetables in awful temper owing to an: nndige
thrill, the garden, which grieved the Scragg frog he had swallowed whole the nl
"He is my Jack, and I'm his Jill!" sisters much. before, and had splashed about
-William E. Sheffield. Of course, being deaf, they did not pond honking and beating the dro
* miss the songs of the poor frightened young geese awake with his str
Don't look for laws. birds, nor did they hear the cat con- wings. It was the sun that rou
60o51 foir ANif tsWS b 9 ,se SP g rb En W gg sa moonyaR ala R Beb ?' them at last The dancing fairies
tie, lucky, and still more kittens came until n t l e I ea sMundi. It i;; m
And even when you find them all the milkmen in Penataquit could the same effect naon them that mo
It is wise and kind to be somewhat not feed them. People began to call light has upon human beings-tha
blind, the street "Cat avenue," and to talk it is apt to make them silly, tho
(And look for the virtue behind them. about entering a complaint against the they show it in a different way.
For the cloudiest night has a hint of Scragg sisters because the hungry cats was because the dancing fairies
the light, stole their young chickens, been sleeping in the sunshine tha
(Somewhere in its shadows hiding; It was when this began to be talked much trouble fell upon Penataquit.
It is better far to hunt for a star about that two things happened. Phe- Fairies are usually invisible.
Than the spots on the sun abiding, be became a great-grandmother cat is particularly true of the dani
The current life runs every day and the Scragg sisters took the grip fairies. So when, after amusing th
To the bosom of God's great ocean; and died, both in one day. So Phebe selves awhile by frightening the tf
Don't set your face againstt the river's her children, her grandchildren and her and teasing the sober turtles, the e
course great-grandchildren were all thrown went fluttering about Penataquit,
And think to alter its motion, upon the world. And that is how it one saw or suspected that they M
Don't waste a curse on the universe- happened that not long after the poor at the bottom of the day's troubles
Remember, it lived before you. old Scragg sisters were buried, Pena- Such a day! First, the clerks in
Don't butt at the storm with your puny taquit was so over run with cats that the stores were sensed with giddin
form. some people said there must have been This was because the elves
But bend and let it fly o'er you. showers or ats, like the toad ahowero perched upon their shoulders sinl
The world will never adjust itself we read about. in their ears the song that mates
To suit your whim to therong y le Now we must leave the cats for a earth spin round. The clerks re
life long little while and talk about something among the piles of goods and st
And the sooner you know it the with a long name-Aurora borealis. led themselves by barrels and.coun
better. That is what the grown-UDs say. We while their employers eyed them st
It's folly to fight with the Infinite know a much easier, prettier name- ly. When the customers began to (
And go under at last in the wrestle; the dancing fairies. But what has that in, it was still worse. If the bi
The wiser man shapes into God's plan. to do with the Pentaquit cats? Wait asked for sugar, the elf said "salt
As the water shapes into the vessel. and you shall see. the poor clerk's ear, and salt the
-Ella Wheeler Wilcox. It was spring, and as I said, all the eel contained, as the angry wor
* Scragg cats had found homes in the found after she had emptied it in
village. Some were lucky-born un- preserving kettle among her peace
THE PENATAQUIT CATS. rldr thj sat tr, no doubt. Threo had Mrs. Flaherty got alum instead
-cushions to le upon and plenty or mlnr. epsom ealts whIlAk p Vteal hlo JI
The Arst thing to explain Is how Pen- while the others of Phebe's children nie's mouth up so that for a v
ataquit came to be so crowded with had to prowl about ash heaps for when he tried to speak he could
tortoise shell cats that there was hard- scraps and sleep in barns. But they whistle, and good old Grannie Par
ly room for the people. This unpleas were happy, in one way or another, had her parcel of snuff mixed
ant state of affairs-for although cats and sang nights so beautifully that the cayenne pepper, which caused he
are very nice pets, one does not want good people of Penataquit lay awake sneeze till her cap new off before
to be eaten out of house and home by to listen. minister. It took the clerks all the
them--came about so quietly that It The dancing fairies were happy, too. ternoon to correct the mistakes of
was a good while before people real- They had danced for months about the morning and at er 'clck they r
aIed It. north pole, which all the farieg know ia all told that their services were
Away up Scrub Pine avenue, in a only a great stick of candy painted longer B64ded, and would they pl
funny little old house, lived two little like a barber's pole and quite stale, too. look out for other situations?
old.women. One old women was part- so that it is very silly in men to try so After doing all this mischief,
ly blind, the other was lame, and both hard to get to it. They danced all sum- elves flew out into the street lik
of them were as deaf as posts. They mer and as autumn came on, one of the many sparrows and began to
were twin sisters and their names fairies thought it would be great fun pranks upon the horses. It was
were Tryphena and Tryphosa Scragg to get on a wild goose's back and take long before every horse along
though everyone in Penataquit called a ride over the Polar sea. street was plunging, backing and i
them Miss Feeny and Miss Fosy. Now fairies' minds are made just ing, and no wonder, for when a dr
Now the Scragg sisters had a fine alike, like Waterbury watches. The cried "Whoa!" the elf shouted in
tortoise shell eat named Phebe. Phe- little elf called Puck winds them uD horse's ear, "Get up, there!" An
be was a good mouser and, as cats go. and they all think the same thought at the driver pulled the right rein, thi
honest; in fact she had out one draw- the same instant. I suppose it is be- twitched the left, thus throwing
back, which, however, was a serious cause Puck is such a tricky fel- poor beast Into utter confusion of n
mne. She had as many children as the low and knows just how to wind The doctor's horse, a mild, steady
old woman who lived in a shoe. But them that they are so much inclined beast, who had an elf in each ear,
there wa a great difference between to all sorts of pranks. So when one his head entirely and ran away dom
P bla 'cad her kitten family and the dancing fairy thought she would like by-lane, spilling the doctor and
y There's nothing
ly so ad for a cough
The as coughing.
th There's nothing
In so good for a
ey cough as Aycr s
T his Th 5 ceat e t rigt
cing for a odiniary, everd
iem- The c Iat Sizc ttcr f t
rog brolis crop. gsp
ives C0o O f t ,O it '" 16
no Lad o-ea The ioham
rere i tie bet for ckrouc coug
all .u co-MptioWa ro Co iar .
Lea chid aMthes etc.
ead- phials in a mud puddle, and so many
Iters wagons and harnesses were broken by
ern. the distracted horses that the waron
drop maker and the harness maker had to
uyer stay up all night to repair them.
" in The wagon maker, who had nine
par- small children said the accidents were
man a special providence designed to 'eed
her his hungry brood. The doctor lay
'hes. groaning on his lounge in his consnlt-
of Ing room and refused, like a naughty
aon' child, to t& r B awnB mollolno. Tie
week harness maker said nothing till an elf
only jerked his elbow so that he ran his
0ons long needle under his thumb nail. Then
with he threw down his work and cried
r to Oh-h-h! and danced as briskly as itf
the he were an elf, too
e at- But the last trick they played was
the the worst of all. The next day was
were Sunday, and in Penataaoult every one
no goes to church twice a day as well as
eneI to BBday BShool. go when Sunday
evening came, no one was missing
the from their pews but the doctor, who
e so still lay groaning upon his bed. and the
play wagon maker and the harness maker.
not who were sleeping off their night's
the fatigue. Then the elves came trooping
ear In, whie the minister was praying.
river and the people had their eyes shut so
his tight they could not have seen them If
d if they had been visible.
e elf There is a song the dancing fairies
the know. which they learned from the
iind. north wind. He sings it in the wild
old Arctic night when he puts the polar
lost bears to sleep in the ice eaves. No l.v
wn a ing thing can withstand that aong. nor
his can any creautre say they ever kept
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 0
awake through more than the firs
stanza. That.was the song the fairie
sang that night to the good people a
church in Penataquit. They sang ver;
softly, so that the minister went o0
preaching and never heard them. Pres
ently everyone began to yawn an<
then to nod. This grieved the minister
who began to preach louder, but still
the people grew drowsier. Presently
two or three old men began to snon
and a small boy fell off the end of thi
seat without waking up to know tha
he had bumped his head and hit hii
funny bone. His mother bent to pici
him up, but went sound asleep beside
him instead, and the sexton, who was
coming to help her, lay down sudden;j
in the doctor's pew and fell to dream
Ing that he was opening windows and
letting drafts on all the people's backs
The minister, who had an elf sitting on
his Mas. began to see the letters
swim and blur. He took off his spec-
tacles and rubbed them then turned up
the pulpit lamp, and all the while the
elf was singing the magic song. The
minister began to nod, too: but no one
saw it, for by that time everyone else,
from the oldest deacon down to the Doy
who pumped the organ, were snoring
like grampuses. Then the minister
went to sleep, too, and dreamed he was
an old woman sailing through the air
on a broom stick to attend a witches'
meeting at Salem.
Now, when the minister dreamed he
often talked great nonsense, though
fortunately only.his wife heard it, andi
she never told. So when in his
dream he reached the witches' meeting
and Grammer Krindle asked him for
Sthe pass word before she let him in,
he shouted out, "Abracadabra! Abra-
This is the word which, of all words
that can be spoken, is most dangerous
to fairies of all sorts. If the minister
had skid it the third time it would
have killed evey dancing fairy upon
the spot, and there would have been
no more northern lights forever more;
but luckily he only said it twice, so
the fairies still had life enough to
walk up a moonbeam and tumble out
at a window for when it came to flying
not one of them could flutter a pinion,
strive as they might.
'Now if the Penataquit eats had not
been holding a meeting behind the
church, on top of the horse sheds, the
thing would not have happened. And
if the minister had not said abracada-
bra, it would not have happened. But
then, where would the story have
been? There have to be stories, and
things have to happen of which to
makS tha m f B it haimsned that juat
as the fairies all thought together,
"Why not ride on cats as well as on
geese?" the Penataquit cats came
down from the shed roof one by one.
As each cat touched the ground, a
dancing fairy sprang on Its back and
began a wonderful story'about a coun-
try far in the northland, where the
mice sat crying for cats to come and
eat them; a land where it was always
moonliht and bootlanka neoavy, _.y 5
iana where dogs at biad boys and
bags with bricks in them were never
known. As they sang, the cats' fur
began to rise and give out -electric
sparks their eyes grew green and shin-
ing, and they lashed their tails restless.
li. "Onl" otlet me nlamlsi, "al" bid
away the cats flew along Main street,
up Scrub Pine avenue, past the Scragg
cottage, nailed up and lonely, away,
* ext moling,' when the milkman
topped at Mrs. Larkin's, that excell-
ent woman stood at her gate looking
up and down the road. "I'm looking
for my old kitty," she said anxiously.
"I aint seen her this morning' nowhere.
I'm afraid a pesky dog has got her."
"Mis Smith was fretting about her
tWS ileSaMSff-jl fi smid the miki-
an, dealing out his milk sparingly.
And Mis' Brown said her yellow cat
was misin'. It's plaguey queer."
"Was you to meeting' last night?"
asked Mrs Larkin, as the milkman
clapped on his can cover. "No, I can't
go evening's on 'count of the milkin'.
"Aint yoa heard what happened?"
said Msm. Lrk. "The gas must have
Cassava and Corn.
In Bulletin No. 55, Professor Stock-
bridge mentioned some memoranda of
a feeding experiment made by O. J.
Hill, of the Irondequoit Groves, in feed-
ing cattle. By permission of Mr. Hill
Professor Stockbridge forwarded the
memorandum to us for publication.
"DeLand, Fla., May 30, 1900.-Prof.
H. E. Stockbridge, Lake City, Fla.:
Dear Sir-Last October we put 114
head of range cattle, nearly all steers,
into the hammock field at DeLeon
Springs, containing 390 acres, of which
about 200 acres had been cultivated.
There was on it a growth of beggar-
weed, crabgrass, other grasses and corn
stalks, making feed to keep them well
for a month. We built a strong pen of
about half an acre with plenty of feed
troughs. November 1, we began feeding
cassava and corn in the ear, chopped
shuck and all into short pieces. The
catle were put into the pen in the
morning, the corn was fed to them and
before noon the( cassava. The cassava
was dug and allowed to dry before
being loaded into the wagon; it was
cut with cassava knives into short
pieces as it was put into the tronueha
at nulfft t ais atti were turned ^out
into the field to get water and forage.
Dead crabgrass and other forage such
as they could gather up in the field,
which was very short by December 1,
was all they had.
"There was a very marked differ-
ence in the disposition of the cattle to
eat. About twenty steers did not eat
either corn or cassava; these we
butchered first. All that would eat did
well. some reaim WrH-
"The foiiowing figures are averages
and estimates, except the amount re-
ceived for the beef and the hides; but I
am sure they are conservative. After
we had learned the disposition of the
different steers, we could have as~etg4
rn?- f Ilfty steers tmat would have
shown a much larger average gain. The
average gain was sixty-four pounds.
Before January 1, 1900, we sold twen-
ty-eight head at five and a half cents
per pound, and the remainder at six
cents per pound, dressed weight. The
value of the corn and cassava consum-
ed, together with the labor necessary
and a fair amount for the pasturage of
the field, will make the cost of the beef
produced-taking into account the in-
creased value of the beef already in
the almu ul fi i the feeding nS-
ed--about three and two-tenths cents
"We fed hogs in connection with the
cattle, thereby saving the waste corn
and cassava. The beef gave excellent
satisfaction in market being pronoun-
ced by people from New York and
Pennsylvania fully as good as they
could buy at home. If our beef could
be kept on ice at least seven days be-
fore being sold to the consumer we
got to leaking' and It sort of overcome
us all. We-we all went to sleep, and
the minister, too. If there hadn't been
a winder open in the gallery we might
have never woke up-as it was, we
slept until most midnight."
"That's a new kind of a watch meet-
ing," said the milkman. "Ho, ho!" "I
don't see anything amusing in it," said
Mrs. Larkin, reprovingly. "It come
nigh bein' a pretty serious business.
Well, I wish I knew what had become
of my poor kitty."
"The road up by the old Scragg place
was full of little tracks this morning, "
said the milkman thoughtfully. "I
called 'em rabbit tracks-never stop-
ped to look very close at 'em. Them
tortoise-shell cats all come from the
Scragg place, didn't they?"
"If you hear anything about a stray
cat I wish you'd let me know," said
Mrs. Larkin. "Did you ever hear
about the new horse distemper that's
all around town? All the horses come
come down with it Saturday. They
seem to be took sort of crazy. The doc-
tor's horse ran away and almost killed
him. I wish I knew where my cat is.
I am afraid she has ben killed."
But Mrs. Larkin's cat was at the
head of the cat caravan bound for the
northland. And a week later the au-
rora borealis flashed and quivered in
the evening sky.-American Agricul-
AW W FREE
Premium Offer No 1. nw Sbw and
remim r 1. $2 will receive an open-face, tem-wind
and itcm-met watch, guaranteed by the manuoert r for one year. Sncd your urip-
lions at once to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonvill, Fla.
should not hear so much said about Splendid stuck of Citrus trees on
the toughness of the Florida beef. rough lemon roots, and also on sour or-
"Hereafter we shall dehorn all the Range and trifollata.
steers we feed, and this coming win- fMEnormous collection
ter we shall keep a separate account 'iand stock of other
of our stock-feeding. This is not very t trees. Economle
tifasrtary to me and I fear it wll not U IX ln a a DamDoOs
"0. J. Hill." fers and Miscellane-
In a personal letter Mr. Hill writes: ous ornamentals. 17
"We have a very fine crop of cassava WA year. Most extensive
at DeLeon Springs, which we expect collection of plants and trees in the
to feed to about 160 head of cattle that Lower South. Send for large elegan-
we bought and dehorned about two catalogue
months ago. They are now running in
the 'old field' on velvet beans, beggar
weed and crabgrass. We will also have
about 250 head of hoirs through the
Winter, wiellu we Wiii feda on seiisi,
peanuts, etc."-Times-Union and Cit-
A New Gutta Percha.
Thhg lRSgin h acting consul for Tanl- I
bar reports the discovery of a new E
gutta-percha. This substance As deriv- gr y erg rope they're
ed from a tree which grows principally esh and war te ks. or
at Dunga. When tapped with a knife, aieverywher eft inb e stitbuts
a white fluid emanates, which, when atck to* rr se and pram .
placed in boiling water coagulates into M Soet Annual ree. Write I
a substance which in character bears' n
a very striking resemblance to gutta- I* UIL *FI II i e, bl IU
percha. As the material cools it be-
comes exceedingly hard but while soft
it can be moulded into any required
shape. The fruit of the tree resembles Gave Entire Batirfaetson.
a peach in shop-, bUt SgaWs to the imEg 6 Pfaiftr If Co., LJu8fMrd Pta.
of a iiii meiweon. Experts nave exper- Gentlemen:-- take pleasure in say-
imented with this new product, to see ing that the fertilizer furnished by.
if it in any way possesses the qualities you for the orange groves in my
of gutta-percha, and although it is not charge has given entire satisfaction
expected to prove equal to the genuine and you may confidently look for a
article, it is considered that it will be continuance of my patronage.
quite suitable for some purposes for Yours very truly,
which gutta-percha is at present utl- M. F. Robinson.
sized, and it will thus become a mar- Sanford, Fla., Oct. 5th, 1900.
ketable article. It is said to abound in *
Zanzibar, and will be a very cheap pro. Just look at the different oremlums
duct. we offer for new subscribers.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. ea
ORANGE TREE PROTECTION,
If you are protecting your orange trees or pineapples
write us for prices on our - -- - -
$2.50 PER PROTECTING VENEER I u PEl
CHEAPER THAN CLOTH OR LUMBER.
WOLFENDEN & COMPANY,
Sampson City, Flo ida.
go0 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITW THY JIOXB. '"Burch, I tell you that old black hen A
"I think that I'll be married on my is a jewel."
birthday," said Miss Tommy. "Yes, and I see that she has a fne L A N T S
"What," exclaimed Miss Frocks, setting."-N. O. Times-Democrat. ,
holding up her hands in consternation.
"and lose one entire set of presents!"- Resort Hotel Keeper-"Any guests The Great Throug Car Line From Flaida.
Detroit Free Free. in this evening's train?"
Bus Driver-"Nobody to speak of.
"Where's your watch?" asked the Only a single trunk woman and a grip CONNECTIONS.
observant man. gent."-Boston Transcript.
"Why, here it is," replied the man
whose prosperity hd Bllppod a cog or Snarley-"What's self-esteem?"
two recently. Yow-"It's something we all hate to THE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, via Charles on,
"But that's a silver one. The one you see in someone else, but which is a Richmond and Washington.
used to carry had a handsome gold virture if we possess it our selves."- To The
case." Syracuse Herald. THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Oo
"WelC~-i-orm--eircumstance alter cases I
you know."--Phladelphia Press. Bobbie--"Pa, is Chicago the largest lumbia and Washington.
city in the world?" via AI mal1
"That Fuddlethwait girl makes the Father-"Yes, my son-that is, it' --
flattest remarks of anybody I ever saw. the largest city for its size this worldTT The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
And people laugh at them, too. I has ever seen."-Town Topics. h
can't understand it. It must be be- The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
cause she has money." "Daughter, wouldn't you trust your To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevi.l
"What's she been saying now?" father to choose a husband for you?" The Mobile &Ohio R R via Montomer
"I was telling her: the othb evening "No. Indeed, papa. You would con- e i ia otomery.
that my parents had thirteen child 1luer any man l dilhiBWl who would liat-
ren." en to your talk about your rheuma-
"Yes." tism." Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for New
"'Well, she looked at me awhile and York Philadelphia and Boston
said, 'Oh, are you the thirteenth? Then ToThe
everybody snickered. Now, will you o Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta
kindly tell me what there was funny -4a 0 a ,,,,s
atUt that?" :3 I tion Company for Baltimore.
Artistic Research.-"Annie Nibbins 0o ,
Is the meanest kind of a gossip." KEY W EST Via PENINSULAR A OCCIDENTAL
"What variety is that?" $-9 s Q -
"Mhe's the kind that d4ten't tell any- >0 I ND
thing herself, but gets you to tell nll i HA A STEA HIP O.
you know."-Chicago Record. o 0 A T A IIC
0- NOVA SCOTIA,
"What a lovely fan, Clara!" ^P ." O CA N Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
"Isn't it sweet? I bought it for Julia C AP BRTO NB STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, HawkeeburL
on her birthday and liked It so well PRINCE EDWARDS.
that I kept It myself.-Chicago Rec- g. o ISLAND and Charlottestown.
ord. ^ .^t3 ISLAND...
An illiterate negro preacher said to Ic l ,-
his congregation:- preach aid to W inter Tourist Tickets
Adam, was made, he wa mae of wet Will be on sale throughout the NORT HERN, EASTERN, WESTERN AND
cld and wet p agi de palings to O SOUTHERN STATES to all FLORID A RESORTS Via the PLANT SYSTEM
S up a e during the season 1900-1901 limited to return until May 31st, with liberal stop-
"Do you say," said one of the congre- @-p, W 0 1 over privileges in Florida.
gaion, dt Adam was made ofwet i AI)DRESSS OF PARTIES IN THE NORTH sent to the undersigned will
clay, and set upgnthe palingsto be liberally supplied with ALL INFORMATION AND HANDSOME AD-
dry?" VERTISING MATTER.
"Y zromade de," -- nh 3 Ng
"Who made de ar," said the preached, 9F i"or Informatitn ?? rto tes. aleepinz-car services, reservations, ete write to
"Sit down, sar," said the preacher, X W ,w I S g V V JOL l ivsion PaMengr Alet.
sternly. "Such questions as dat would 1 o q P. M. JOLLY. Divrision Passenger Aget.
upset any system of theology.. a ^< f o 138 West Bay Street. Aster Block, Jacksonvlle, Florida.
upset any system of theology. 0 o -'
-- 0 W. B. DENHAM. B. W. WRENN.
Tess-So your friend May Gidde is C m t Gen. Supt. Pass. Trafle Mng'r.
going upon the stage. I suppose she "- gs SAVANNAH. GEORGIA
9upetas to make a name for herself. 1 0 .0 '
Jees-She did think she'd have to, U o .o
but she found a lovely one in an old F y i
society novel that's just too sweet for "
atgPhladelphatoosw.eet OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
anything.-Philadelphia Press. S V I l 1^. 1 1
"When I rejected you the other day," o n S m F S-] p
she began, with affected sweet con- .' 4 b iu -
fusion, "I did not--" ui" -d I
"You did not know that I was "
wealthy," he Interrupted, coldly.
"Not at all. I knew you were well
"I didn't know when I was, or I
shouldn't have proposed to you." "STEVENS FAVORITE"
Her confusion then was not affected,
neither was it sweet.-P hladelphiaFL
"Hello, Mike, do you fnd much to doDown.
I "Yls. I'm after cutting' down a trae, -'..
and tomorrow I'll have to cut it up."- "SAVANNAH LINE"
'2-inch barrel, weight 41 pumdsL
Helreswt-"No, I can never be yours." Carefully bored and test. For
Suitor (in desperation)-"Then re.- a .21 and .3 rim-fire cartridges.
main engaged to me for one week, I
beg of you, so that I may patch up my No. 1 7.
credit a little." Wichita Eagle Pan Open Sights, $6.00 FAST FREIHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
"Is he as attentive to Blanche as NO. 1.
ever?" T t Sg $8 FROM
,o.,, Target Sghts, $8.50 ......
"What's the trouble?" Askou dealer for theFAVO. FLORIDA TO NEW YORK
Mse mnrrled her,"-annati n- RITE.v If he doesn't keep it we A
quirtrs ad prins ce.r| BOSTON AND E ASp.
Send stamp for complete eats.
"It's funny how marrying changes a Ina showing our fl line, with val-
man," said Spriggs' caller. information regarding ri SO RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, EORO
"Yes," replied 8priggs dreamily. "It and ammunition in general.
used to be that I was devoted to base- Thence via Palatial Bxpre.s Steamships, mailings from Savannah, Four Ships each week
ball and football and basket ball, and J I A ND pL to New York i.nd making close eqcsnection with New York-Boston ships or Sound Lal1s.
now I give all my spare time to the ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly ailing chedles. Write
baby's bawl," and he arose hurriedly t h P. O. BoLC. for general Information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
baby's bawl," and.he &rose hurriedly -Wl.refP.A0AWso* .
a"d wast into the adjoining room.- gCGOie PFAL.S MASS. K H. INR. Trae Ma.r. WA STw J AWK aes4 e Ago
Detroit Free Proem.. a.ss.u ,a, 2t,6w. .,Jacksonalu l, IP
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTTITRIST.
The Dunnelon phosphate company
closed its works last Friday night and
eleven hundred men are thrown out of
iMr. Jno. N. C. Stockton, of Ocala,
has Just opened up a phosphate plant
at Eve and one at Adam, in Levy coun-
ty. His manager, Mr. Gus Morton, says
the phosphate rock there is as plentiful
and rich as were the flowers in Eden.
The elegant home of E. D. Luken-
bill, at Fernandina, has been burned.
This was one of the handsomest and
most comfortable dwellings In the city.
The family wm r in atgg r ;i
lime ll. d ME ri&Hii of the Are Is un-
Harvey Wood, a negro, who brutally
shot and killed J. 8. Smith, white, at
Geneva, Ala., about three weeks ago,
has been captured near Marianna, Flai
A reward of $1,000 had been offered
for the negro's capture. It seems that
Wood has been in hiding near Geneva
ever since the murder.-Palatka
Mr. J. H. Sutton, who lives near Reg-
ister, Taylor county, lost his home and
all his supplies by fire a few days ago.
Mr. Button is an old one-armed Con-
federate veteran and he and his aged
wife are left destitute and appeal to the
public for assistance. They are worthy
people and should not be allowed to
suffer in their old age. Contributions
b v9n&t to Mr. Button. g1ist Mr,
Fia.--uwannee Democrat. "
'A. R. Kelly, of Windsor, recently
met with a serious accident. While
sawing slats for bean crates, his right
hand was caught by the rip saw, cut-
ting the last Joint of his little finger
entirely off. The other three fingers
were cut to the bone. At first there
was hope of saving his injured fingers
but Dr. J. L. Kelly was compelled to
amputate the two middle fingers be-
low the second Joint.-Windsor cor. of
T.-U. & C.
; si:: mada* aM al a ns wesm
of Mr. J . Mangum one night recent-
ly and got off with a gold watch and
chain, a set of shirt studs, a pair of
gold rimmed spectacles and about a
dollar in small change. The burglar en-
tered the room where Mr. Mangum was
sleeping and took the clothing he wore
during the day and carried them out
Into the yard where they were rifled
of the property named above.-Suwan-
There is a great demand for laborers
In this county. Nearly every person
who employs common labor is com-
Dlaninng that they oanagt get the labor
acooary to meet the lemanas of taeir
business. One gentlemen of this kind
remarked to us a few days ago that
three hundred laborers could find prof-
itable employment in the county any
day they may apply for it.-Suwannee
A large quantity of hay has been put
up thin mseaon. It Is not an unfl al
thing to see a string of teams coming
in loaded with first class hay, to be de-
livered to horse owners in town. A. G.
Branham reports that he has put up
about thirty tons thus far, and has half
as much more to put up still. It is
mostly beggarweed although some fine
crabgrass has been secured.-Orlando
correspondent of Times-Union and
Recently the Ocala Board of Trade
offered a prise for the first bale of
cotton brought in that had been grown
in Marion county. ,n Sept. 4th., Tom
Thomas, a colored grower, of Lowell,
brought in 1,505 pounds, and the next
day Frank Wright, of Lake Bryant,
carried in 1,400 pounds. These are both
colored farmers, and. they are setting
an example for some of the lazy, good
for nothing members of their race.-
The theory of supply and demand
regulating price has been thoroughly
demonstrated by the pineapple trade in
Anthony this season. Early and dur-
ing the middle of the shipping season
nice, large apples, such as retailed in
the northern nmrkets at 40 to 50 cents
each, could be bought for little more
than half what they can now. The
several pineries in and around Anthony
now are scarcely cutting enough for
home use, and "speckled" fruits are
selling at first class prices.-Anth
cor T.-U. & C.
,Eli Mott, one day last week, sent
nephew, Levan Godwin, to the we
on horse back to drive home the ca
Soon screams were heard in the
tance and Mr. Mott and others re
ed to the place from which they
anated and found the boy lying on
ground with the dead horse ly
across his lower limbs, but the anim
weight was warded off the boy b
small log, and he was only inji
slightly, although he had a narrow
cape. The horse had dropped d
while the boy was riding him.-L
arrayy Anthony: brother of Dr M
Authouy,as gci a uliutly killed
morning last week, by his brother M
vin. They were staying on a farm
longing to Dr.Anthony, three miles
of Lake Butler, and had been out
hunting, and upon their return to
house Harry gave the gun to Mar
while he went to unlock the door.
same old story of "didn't know it
loaded" was the cause of the accld
tal shooting that followed. Four bh
shot and a great number smaller i
struck the victim in the neck and f
causing death instantaneously. It
severe blow to the doctor and his fi
ily, and the young man, Marvin
thony, is almost frantic with grief,
was prevented by a negro from c
mitting suicide. Fears are yet en
tamned for his safety.--Tmes-Unlei
T!here is a fifteen-year-old boy at
Inn, Port Tampa, that someone
make arrangements to get on e
terms. Manager Morris, of the I
would be glad to have someone t
the boy and do him a good turn, as
boy needs it. Last Monday he arri
and registered as Fred Baur,
Francisco. He seemed to have mo
and spent his time in seeking pleas
He engaged launches, and made
quent excursions on the bay. At
his resources failed and ho boo Uca
fasms aire RRn a if iigt ;sty,
Ing his name was Adams, and that
was from Pittsburg, Pa., and that
had taken $140 from his mother
ran away. He said he went to (
cago, and remained there a few di
and then drifted to Port Tampa.
boy's mother was .communicated w
by wire, and asked about his disp
tion. She replied rather indifferent
intimating that she did not care w
was done with the boy. He says
became imbued with the idea to tr
by reading cheap novels. Mana
Morris is trying to ship the boy
190ENW RIVAL FP
FACTORY LOADED SHOGUN SHELLS
a black pow"r sb em the market compa with tAs "NEW RIVAL" i amd-
iormity sad sreag sheetig qualities. Saore anemd waterpreai. et the geadme.
FUIOHiSTEa BEPAT AE S Co. Ms Cm
Florida Iaqt Coast Ry.
east SOUTH BOUND (Read Bowi.) In Effeot Sept. 100. (Bd Up) NOT BOUND.
fOx No.11 No.ap Noda No. f o.x ulni oa
the 4 3 Dai ily Daily No. 2. STATIONS. No. ily
rvin Q exa da _r aS
The ,M ...... I t Lv: Ji.......Jacksoi ........ Ar af Sl .
has Ei4 *w ar. Paisik 5(NlpI
he & .. tlp 11 a Ar. ...... Bt.Augutin....... Lv eop ti~ ...
ewa: S L ...... 11 I ....... st A w tl S.......Ar 1p B a.... .
len ...a S a L ...... .... sn to ......L... r ......
ek- _ -. ... 16 i ln6p Ar ....... East Paaa ........" 6s20p8 81 ...... 0p
. .ot 4 *Si *........... LP aa ......... .. L qpT
am- .. 5 t1 4 Lv .......a Pa t ......P...: jAr p 8 i .....
ace 7 .....Ar ... n Ma o .......... LT .. ... ..--
Is a 0 ..... 10 L .......... S teo ......... p S........
am- ...P. L ........aw P mtka ........ r Ip sZa ...... S
An- ..... P I "........... Oand......O... ..Lv 41Wp ... s
n 761 187p .. .Dyton. .. .." a6lp 6 la ....
ande ...... 854 ........PortOrans ......... 34p 621l .4 1 ....
m- IW m 5 (P *1p ........ New Smynr........ 8-6"D SO 2 255p 0 am
ter- is .. ...... ........... Ok m .........." 00 .. ... :2.3 61 Is S
a ...... t.........Ttusville ..... ...... pa
can . ....... ..... 4 .......... .bo ......... ...... ......
------ I L it-111 111
rak ............ l K - -
the ...... ) o .........01 ." ....... .
he ....... .... .. ab ......... 2n ...........
cand aI E D2:I 2.io 100
........... .......... Bs be d n .......... .-p ...... ...... S
Inn, 5 ........... et. Ludie......... 11 a ............
............ ........ rt Pierce........." 11 ........
ke ........ .. bb ..........." ..... ...... -
the Ed'" .. .............Basel............ ," 110 ..... ...... oe '
S...... ...... ........... Jenum ........... 5-a .... ......
ved ^...... ...... ............ Stuart .. ......... lia ............ "
ne .......Wt Jupiter ........ 0 ............ i 0
ney pa.ilm..... Beach ....." 90... :...
ure. ............ 8 .......... Boynton .......... 90- ............. a
fre- ...... ...... ......... Delray ..........." 8 a-n ............ "
Io 2 ...... Port LTmuerdale......" 8U ...............
Wa t 1 .......... I.mo Q Y ......... 7 na .......g .
55it pB8 OfWr 6M T'rinl, 6)ad IL
he Betwe-x Jksvilll. Pablo BUeauh n Ma-orpt.
he .o.2 N9o. No.1o 1 1 if 1 i
and Sun Daily STATIONS. l. ilyS
Ci- ty u exn-- e onl
We live by our blood, and on
it. We thrive or starve, as
our blood is rich or poor.
There is nothing else to li,
,n or by
When strength is full and
spirits high, we are being re-
freshed, bone muscle and brain,
in body and mind, with con
tinual flow of rich blood.
This is health.
When weak, in low spirits,
no cheer, no spring, when rest
is not rest and sleep is not
sleep, we are starved; our blood
is poor; there is little nutri-
ment in it.
Back of the blood, is food,
to keep the blood rich. When
it fails, take Scott's Emulsion
of Cod Liver Oil. It sets the
whole body going again-man
woman and child.
If you have not tried ft, send for free sample
its agreeable taste will surprise you.
SCOTT & BOWN]B Chemists
409-415 Pearl Street, New York.
oc. and $.oo, all drggists.
**DU yOBD.BOVI 8 UftljT. ..................lacksonvile................A- I 4Za
Si .......... o.Jacori nille. ............Lv 7 4p 5 ....
O S ..............P blo Beach. ........ 710 42 625 ......
l e t ..... port.,............... S O 4 5 ..
Between Nw I myras san OramC Between Tituvill sa-d Snfed.
City Jumotes4. No.U STATIoIA. Io
ino OA LAAWM 06.
szir.rs tw ...ly ... rI
dhii........Ake Helen......Lv 11ft
Sup .....Or.. ()ran C-1ay ...... "I.. S 51 p
&WI ..Oano it Aioe "1 U
Q uw a. -A
An ftft_ F- 2-r-J- ---
Si al.......... 3 tein. ...u...
9 Ar* ........... 4sntwd.......... .
An1 &-e!La bttW=W Tituril SK
4.5.-ve MT lme Oma
-' aN e Tables how tr ta ts at whioh triasmiy be xnowted toearrie uan
tran bs verat st tiom, but tir arrivalor d~ t thde is elatated is Rot
ikt e eQs hs my Lt p bs y delr a ay or SAY iuau rs
Peninsular and Occidental S. S. Co.
OOmNBMTIOn AT MIAMI.
HAVANA LINe -
AT9Miami TUd..y. e............ 11. ID. Arrie KS We WedAeseays..... a.
LetKey West Wedea..ay... p.m. AlH 'hnryeia........ Ia.
L 01 Ha Tbirs"Ta. ........... L Arriv y Xa .
Leve Key W.at Thureday......... 0. m& A. ri............. Ig..
- KEY WEST LINE.
e Mau::i :::5y .......... 1.O pm. Arrive 'eW iS ::::: ::... a
19s West eunadys...........Silp. .. Arritv Mliaamsi Eaa ............
MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.
9Wionanla 9. 9 IPasse er Servlee.
Florida To make close connec-
loria L tonswith steamers leave
New York Jackaonville (Union de-
pot) Thursdays 8:15a m.
Phila- C. c. & P. By.) or Fernan-
dNna 1:30 p. m., via Cim-
delphia & berland steamer; meals
en rote, or "all rail" via
Boston Plant System at 2:00 p. i..
From Brunswick direct to asengers on arrival go-
From Brnswick direct to g directly aboard abeam
New York. ie -r.
PBOPIo08 SAALIeNG for Au.. 1900.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK. G., DIRECT TO NEW YORL LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY 4S FOLLOWS:
S. S. COLORADO.. ......... ......................... Oct. 12
S. S. RIO GRANDE .... ....... .... ...... ........... .... Oct. 19
8. 8. COLORADO .. ............................ ........... Oct. 20
8. 8. RIO GRANDE... ...... ...... ..... ..... .. .......... Nov. 2
For lowest rates, reservatmonm and full Information apply to
30 W. Bay Streetm, ov
H. H. Hanmond, Aset, Fermnsada. Fla.
C. H. Mallory & Co., General Agen ts, Pier 21, E. R., New York.
UY~~YYII- _7 --rf~--7 ~ I--Z; _---n-
82 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
STime-Tried and Crop-Tested! .
Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the
GROVE, GARDEN AND FIELD.
If you are raising Tomatoes. Ego-plants, Celery, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has beei thoroughly tested. Our Siif5n PurF N6. I has the Bes rut f reducing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 22 years practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the state. Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE.
BBIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK OOTTON SBBD MEAL,
HIGH GRADE POTASH.
LOW GRADE POTASH,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES.
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY.
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen
CUT TOBACCO BTEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed dnleached and to eon
tain all their fertilizing and inaeetidde
WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO
E. O. PAINTER & CO., - Jacksonville, Fla*
beyond Xy Expectation.
3. 0. Pdaiter & Co., Jacksovile, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertlMser on the L. P. T. Pinery, the re-
sult was beyond my expectation. Be-
to fmgu tim frrtilller the nlanta did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Pure fertilizer they grew and many of
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tliser as soon as needed.
A. M. Temple.
Osteen, Fla., Sept. 27, 1900.
The Best Sesuts.
B. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonvie, Fla.
ge mle9a;-We have been well
pleased with all fertilizers purchased
from you and can recommend your
brands to any one wishing the best re-
sults. Very respectfully,
J. S. Latimer & Son.
Little River, Fla., Sept. 24, 1900.
Used Three Hundred Tons a Year.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonvile. Fla.
Gentlemen:- I have used your ferti-
lizer ever since you began making it
and have used from 200 to 300 tons of
it a year before the freeze of 1884 and
1895. Since then have used it right
along on orange trees and there are no
better trees in the country than I have
to show. I also used your goods on
canteloupes and tomatoes and I am so
well pleased with results that I shall
plant from 20 to 40 acres of tomatoes
and 10 to 20 acres of canteloupes next
spring. That shows you what I think
of your goods. Yours truly,
DeLand, Fla., Sept. 26, 1900.
Reports Satisfactory Results.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-During the past three
or four years we have been using your
fertilizers exclusively for vegetables,
pineapples and oranges and we are
very much pleased with the results.
Have had the opportunity to recom-
mend your fertilizers several times to
other growers, and they also report
satisfactory results. Yours very truly,
Clifford Orange Co.
Citra, Fla.. Sept 20, 1900.
One Copy Worth a Year's Subrlip-
E. 0. Painter A Co., JacksovUle. FIo.
Gentlemen:-I have considered your
state my future home and may get
there yet. The Agriculturist has given
me more pointers than any paper I
have read, even tor this and more
northern latitudes. Many an item has
been worth the year's subscription.
W. H. Chaddock,
Rogers, Ark., Sept. 17. 1800.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
-"'r ," IDBF AT BRANDS
Wthh-h HAVE TH ESE. *V
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pric
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE.................$3o. per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.00 per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.....$28.00 per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................ $3o.oo per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. i................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... .$3oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER ....................... $oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices- Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER'FERTIT .IZFR COMPANY,
Flo w:t ma ee4 sad Boae, $ 18.00 pwer n. Damauralad Guaane Th Idel Tobseeso rWluser. 44.00 pe tM.