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 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: October 3, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00040
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text
-,- --------. --- 1~~`~ -


Vol. XXVII, No. 40. Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Oct. 3, 1900. Whole No. 1392


Some Points on Syrup Xaking.
Editor Florida Agriculturist
So many inquiries are constantly
being received evincing a continued in-
terest in syrup-making, that a few sug-
gestions covering the points of most
frequent inquiry may perhaps be of
general interest.
The first, and perhaps most import-
ant consideration, is that of when to
cut the cane, and on this point there is
a very wide-spread error in practice.
It is a fact that the cane does not be-
gin to grow sweet until the season be-
gins to wane, so that the old adage
that "Cold weather makes sugar," is
well founded. These facts being ac-
cepted, the natural sequence is that
the longer the season of growth, or the
later the cutting of the cane is de- FIG. 2-California Cream Butt
ferred, the sweeter it will be, and con- across. See next page.
sequently the greater the amount of coloring matter and impurities from
syrup obtainable. My suggestion, there- the juice, but at the same time re-
fore, is to allow the cane to remain moves the germs of fermentation to
growing as long as possible; indeed, such an extent that syrup made from
until danger of frost 'has become im- juice thus treated may be kept indef-
minent, and then the cane should be initely, without danger of fermenting
cut and laid in wind rows so that the or souring. The moss to be used
stalks are covered and protected by should be in the same condition as that
the foliage. In this way the cane may commonly used for mattress purposes.
remain without injury, though attack- It should be black or ginned moss
ed by quite severe frost, and the from which the gray bark has been re-
grinding may take place at leisure, ir- moved by exposure to the weather and
respective of weather. Last year we from which all foreign material has
ground no cane on the station farm un- been picked. The greater the amount
til January 9 and by following the of moss through which the juice can
practice mentioned, secured nearly a be made to pass the more effective
month of additional growth for our will be its work. This, however, will
crop over the average of our locality be chiefly controlled by the amount of
and increased the average sugar con- fall available between the mill and the
tent by nearly four per cent. evaporator, or if kettles are used, by
The first step in syrup making is the the distance between the outlet from
clarification of the juice, and probably the mill and the ground. The simplest
upon the success of this part of the and best means is the use of a box or
process the final result depends to a filter about one foot square,rr in diam.
greater degree than upon any other eter, and as long as the distance be-
rator. There can no longer be any treen the outlet from the mill and the
doubt as to the entire efficiency of the ground will permit. Commonly this will
method of clarification by the use of not be less than four feet. This box
Spanish moss, but inquiries are con- or cylinder should have an outlet at
stantly made as to the best method of the bottom protected by a piece of
usine the moss. The action of the wire gauze inside and from which the
moss nds upon the fact that it is juice, after having passed through the
the mo; perfect strainer thus far sug- moss, may be drawn off into the ket-
gested .r this purpose and as such ties or allowed to constantly run
takes t place of the gunny-sack so into the evaporator. This filter should
awmUmo. a uHad and at all apherf mrtk- I 1i6lle -n Ithi tie mainn inurine In un
ofe winlll nve been suggested for densely as possIble-the more tile ler-
purifying the juice, as it comes from ter-and sufficient moss should be
the mill. It not only thoroughly strains provided for filling the filter twice. The
quantity used the first day should
be taken out and washed and al-
lowed to sun for a day during
which time the filter should be fill-
ed with the second quantity and
thus. by alternating. mioss sufficient
for twice filling the recepticle will
suffice for an entire grinding sea son
for at least two acres of cane.
Next to the clarification of the
juice the evaporation is most im-
portant. The means or form of
appliance used has comparatively
little influence upon quality of pro-
duct. Just as good syrup can be
made in the open kettle as is pro-
ie. l--White-Seede Tennis Ball, or Boston Mar- duced by any evaporator. The ad-
ket, field grown. Plant 8 inches across ae vantage of the latter, however, is in
next page. ease and rapidity of operation and


er Lettuce. Plants 10 inches


the diminishing of danger to the pro-
duct through carelessness. For secur-
ing the highest grade of product I be-
lieve that it is absolutely indispensable
that the receptacle in which the skim-
ming is preformed and that in which
the syrup is finished shall be separate,
and that the connection between the
two shall be absolutely under control.
If kettles are used the skimming and
the finishing should take place of
different kettles. If an evaporator
is used a separate pan should be pro-
vided for bringing the juice to the
boiling point and removing the skum.
Expensive patent appliances are in no
way essential.
The first boiling and skimming may
take place in a cheap galvanized iron
tank, which can be made by anyone
who can use a soldering iron. This
separation of the fresh juice from the
finished syrup prevents the possibility
of contamination or discoloration and
assures a higher grade of product.
Steam evaporation is in every way
3sii!6I qi ly1 tssauss as lay assa-_
omy, convenience, and the absolute
control it affords, wherchy injury
from scorching is a physical Impossi-
bility. A cheap boiler may easily be
used for steam evaporation, even
though the grinding be performed by
horse power. The evaporator may be
easily made of galvanized iron with
common steam pipes laid in the bot-

The degree of boiling or thick-
ness of syrup made is not so im-
portant as is the uniformity of
thickness. By taking a sample .
of satisfactory thickness as a
standard, a guage may be easi-
ly made whereby the entire pro-
duct of the season may lie ab-
solntely of the sallme density.
This is n! taking a bottle full of the hot
syrup of satisfactory tlihckness
and in it drop a light stick about
the size of a lead)encil and ore
foot long. weighted at one end
with a bit of lead. By marking
point to which this stick f'nks
in the sample syrup and then
boiling of future runs until the
stick sinks to the same mark.
the density of all is absolutely PIG. 3
uniform with scientific accuracy. see


Syrup thus made is capable of re-
ceiving the highest market price. The
method of marketing, however, will
largely control the price secured
Best results and prices can only be ob-
tained when syrup Is put up in small
packages, preferably in one gallon
tin cans, square cans being preferable.
Syrup made by the method described
and placed on the market in this way
can be sold at any time for 50 cents,
or better, and has sold during the past
year as high as $1.20 per gallon, while
the average product of the country
found difficult market at 15 cents to 17
cents per gallon. The difference of
price is certainly sufficient to justify
careful consideration of the simple
suggestions offered.
H. E. Stockbridge.
Lake City, Fla.


Classification and Description of the
Varieties of Garden Lettuce.
The cultivation of lettuce in Florida
is steadily on the increase and like
everything else, there is a vast amount
to learn as to the best varieties to set
out, how and when to plant and what
kind of fertilizer to use. In our issue
of August 29th we published an ar-
ticle giving the methods of cultivation
Sas practiced about Gainesville, and we
now have an opportunity, through the
kindness of Mr. A. A. Bringham, Ag-
ricultural Director of the Rhode Island
Experiment Station, to present our
readers a full description of all the
best varieties of lettuce, as well as
many others that are not the best,
together with an article written by L.
F. Kinney of the Station, illustrating
tol fllffEnrt f0llnd1 and suaswitg sus
varying characteristics.
Every gardener should preserve this
article, as it will enable him to make
better selections of varieties for plant-
ing to suit the market he wishes to
supply. Prof. L. F. Kinney says:
The older descriptions of varieties
of lettuce are incomDlete. like those of
m~Ia or te tLusIer azmeIi ca ssmialeM.


-B S. Brown Dutch. Plants 10 inches across.
next page.









M THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


All of the descriptions have
been prepared from carefully
selected, well grown speci-
mens. The illustrations are
mainly from photographs, and
therefore rich in detail and un-
questEonably accurate.
Altogether, the plants from
more than a thousand separate
plantings of lettuce seed se-
cured from leading seedmen
in the East, South, North and
West, and also from Canada,
England, and France, have
been available for the study of
this species. The primary ob-
Freo Red Beisen. Plant 10 inches across. ject in bringing the large col-
in that they do not point out how each election of kinds together was to have
particular variety differs from every ample material at hand to settle any
other variety. The limits of variation question which might arise regarding
are not clearly defined, and, therefore, either the methods of cultivation or
kinds without pronounced characters the comparative merits of varieties.
cannot be determined with any satis- The latter subject is of especial inter-
factory degree of accuracy. The re- est at this time because there is an ur-
sult is that there is no end to the con- gent demand for an improved forcing
fusion of names. variety. A survey of the kinds al-
A major proportion of the Illustra- r tady in e~istene has failed to oeveal
tions of lettuce are quite as bad as the one that satisfactorily fulfills the re-
descriptions. They have been made for quirements, yet it is not improbable
advertising purposes, and such parts as that such a variety will be originated
it has seemed desirable to make prom- in the immediate future. This may not
inent have been exaggerated, while of- come from any of the kinds that are
ten important characters have been in- popular for forcing at the present timw.
frequently omitted. In trade puo- but be an off-shoot from a distinct
locations the same figure is not infre- form-possibly from the Cos type.
quently used to represent one variety These plants form large heads, and on
in one place and quite a different one account of their peculiar upright habit
in some other place, of growth, they can be planted closely
together.
It has been said that this is unavoid- 1 White Seeded Tennis Ball or Bos-
an;l4 btecau the eharaters r r uoun ton Market.-Leaves golssy, ellowish
plans as the garden lettuce are not green, usually more or less shaded with
s~uflciently permanent to warrant a red, short and broad at the end. Edges
systematic classification of the vari- smooth or dentate only towards the
eties. This supposition does not, how- base lamina irregularly folded between
ever. seem to have ever been proven.
The facts are that certain traits have
served as distinguishing characteristics
for races of lettuce for centuries, and
these traits are evident still. Familiar
examples of them are the peculiar hab- -
it of growth of the Cos lettuce; the
presence of red pigment in the tissues
of some kinds, while it is always ab-
sent in others: the curling of the mar-
gins 9 19aves and the color of seed
Such traits as these may, of course, be
bred out, but the tendency is for them
to be reproduced. Then there is the -
history of the white-seeded Tennis
Ball. This variety seems to have re-
tained its individuality for fully a half
century. At least the name has been
constantly used during that time, and
It probably will continue to be for
many years longer. There are other
old kinds that are still grown. F. 6. Black-Seeded Tennis
If, then, both characteristics and
names are associated together for long the nerves, midrib of the leaves form-
periods, a systematic classification of Ing the head flattened. lateral veins in-
the varieties is just what is needed to conspicuous. Heads nearly spherical,
obviate varieties often slightly opened on top-inner
leaves yellowish, weight, 4 to 6 ounces.
Descriptive lsts of the varieties of Plant, 6 to 8 inches across with few
lettuce have been published but it is spreading leaves at the base of the
lbelseoe that thoPse tas Doon no vooont Ilona. It ie ono or the oarnlest varieties
classification of the varieties based en- to mature and for 25 years it has been
tirely upon the botanical characters, the standard heading variety for forc-
The kinds have been grouped as ing under glass. Larger kinds are now
spring, summer, and winter; and as being planted in some houses. It heads
cabbage, cutting and Cos lettuces, and quickly if planted in very rich soil in
then the names arranged in alphabet- the open ground, but it soon goes to
ical order, but with this disposal any seed; for this reason the black-seeded
change in a name of variety is sure to Tennis Ball is preferred for garden
lead to confusion. In the arrangement culture.
ideifi M I Uf r IlfFirIi 0? ft? 17, L'AlgL,- L; 0 ?8F3 2, suanl
of a kind of lettuce is approximately ed with red, plants a little larger than
determined by certain botanical char- the preceding variety,, but not forming
acters irrespective of the name. The as firm heads-seed, black. Obtained
deseptlions of kinds which closely re- from France.
semble each other are placed close to- 3. St. Louis Black-seedea Foreing.--
gether so that they can be readily com- Leaves shaded with red. plants larger


pared and the minor differences noted.


o. L Blonde RoyaL Plant 12 inches


than the white-seeded Tennis Ball and
mature one or two weeks
later. Seed, black.
4. Gros Cordon Rouge.-
Resembles D'Alger, seed,
white. Obtained in France.
5. Petit Cordon Rouge.-
Resembles No. 4, but small-
er; seed, white. Obtained
from France.
6. Big Boston.-Leaves
green, or slightly shaded
red after frosts. Edges
smooth near the apex, but
dentate towards the base on
the sides. Plant larger than
than the white-seeded Ton-
nis Ball with more spread-
ing leaves at the base of the
head, otherwise resembling
across. that variety. Another dis-


tinct variety, which appears
to be identical with No. 7,
is now frequently dissemin-
ated under the above name.
The plants of this variety
are a whiter shade of green,
the leaves are not as broad
at the ends and their edges -
and surface appear slightly
curly. The seeds of both
this variety and No. 6 are -
white, and both kinds are
grown by market gardeners -
under glass.
7. Trocadero.-L e a v e s
whitish green, longer than Pf 7 Deaccn. 1lant 10 inches across.
broad, edges usually shaded o. DPerpign. an or De'llance Sumer
red, margins slightly wavy, and the _L Perpignan or Defiance Summer.
surface appearing a little curly. Seed, Leaves yellowish green, blotched.
white. Obtained from France, where and usually shaded with red. T
it is a popular variety for field culture leaves are longer in proportion to their
it is a popular variety for field culture width than those of the California But-
and in market gardens. ter and less curly than those of the
8. Belmont or Hot House.-Leaves er, and less cur than ose of the
dull, whitish green, appearing almost Philadelphia Butter Head. As now
mealy when grown outdoors. Other- sold by seedsmen, it is an intermediate
wise, the plants closely resemble the form of the two varieties. Seeds, white
wise, the plants closely resemble the
whilto-seeded Tennis Ball- Thin rari- 14, Pnesions or Maderia.-Leaves
ety has been grown in forcing green, shaded with Drownisl red, and
houses, but is now less popular than blotched with dark red; a pttle crum-
other kinds. pled, smooth at the margins, with
9, California Cream Butter.-Leaves points only on the sides and toward
glossy green, blotched with red and the base. The color of seed of this
shaded with red at least after light variety, as given by Vilmorin, is black,
frosts, thick, elevations and depres- but that which we received, both from
sions of the lamina, large and rounded, i France and England, was white. It is
or those of inner leaves pressed into considered one of the hardiest of all
folds, edges with conspicuous points open ground, but it is a less desirable
on the sides and minute points where summer lettuce than many other kinds
the veins terminate at the end. Plants which are of better quality and do not
large, 12 to 15 inches across, usually go to seed as quickly.
forming firm heads abaut ftlr months 15. Mogul (Bruneo aresseuse of the
after the seed is planted. A distinct Fr.).-Leaves dull green, both blotched
variety, particularly good for private and shaded with red, considerably
gardens. The leaves have a stronger wrinkled, rather thick; points where
flavor than those of the more delicate the veins terminate at the ends of the
leaves distinct, sides of the leaves den-
tate with larger points towards the
base; under side of midrib, purplish.
Heads nearly round, 5 or 6 inches in
alameter, with numerous spreading
Leaves at the base. Seed, black. Ob-
tained from France, where it is de-
scribed as hardy, exceedingly produc-
tive, and a very suitable kind for field
culture, but this type of lettuce is not
favorably received in American mar-
kets.


SBall. Plant 10 inches across.
kinds, but to many tastes this is not
objectionable, in fact, the leaves form-
ing the head are not, usually, exces-
sively bitter. The vigorous constitu-
tion of the plants enables them to grow
luxuriantly in soil that is not the best
and in atmosphere that is uncongenial.
Tih form of plants la like that of the
white-seeded Tennis Ball, and the two
varieties appear to be nearly related, al-
though they are very distinct.
10. White Tremont.-Leaves green.
blotched and shaded with red, longer
in proportion to their width than those
of the California Cream Butter, and
with less prominent points where the
veins terminate at the ends of the
loaes. See., white. Obtained from
England.
11. Standstead Park.-Leaves green,
blotched and highly shaded with
red, but, like Winter Tremont, a less
highly developed lettuce than ihe Call-
fornia Cream Butter, and apparently
less desirable in this climate than
that variety. Seed obtained from
England.
12. Philadelphia Butter Head.-
Leaves light green, rather long,
blotched, and often shaded with
red, surface very much crumpled
and appearing curly, although the
edges are but slightly undulating.
Points distinct, but minute where
veins terminate at the ends of
leaves. The inner leaves become
yellowish when the heads mature,
and this may account for the ori-
gin of the name, although it Is not
a peculiarity that is confined to
this particular variety. Seed.
white. A reliable kind for outdoor
culture. Plants of medium size,
usually forming good heads even
In hot weather. F


16. Black-Seeded Brown Dutch.-
Leaves dull purplish green or heavily
shaded,but not blotched, with red, af-
ter frosts, surface with numerous folds
and wrinkles between the nerves,
points conspicuous at the ends of the
leaves where the veins terminate; un-
der side of midrib, purplish. Plants
large and leafy, 12 to 15 inches across,
heads spherical, generally loose, ba :e
leaves large and spreading. A verve
old variety that is still catalogued by
seedsmen and grown in private gar-
dens, although inferior to the more
highly developed forms.
17. Variegated or Spotted. (San-
gulne Panachee of the Fr.).-Leaves
blotched, streaked or shaded with red
nearly all over, rather short and broad
at the end, not dentate except near the
base, laminae of the outer leaves wrin-
kled, that of those forming the head
folded and plaited, inner leaves of the
head yellow but showing the red blotch-
es. Plants 8 to 10 inches across, re-
sembling in habit of growth the black
seeded Tennis Ball.
18. Red Bcmcnc (Marvr l 6f ijg.,
Rousse Bessen, of Fr.).-Leaves bright
and red, more brilliant than those of
any other lettuce, rather thin and shiny,
maoderantly crmpleda edges with mi-
nute points where the veins terminate
at the ends of the leaves, and with well
defined points on the sides. Leaves


[.8. tFallClen Lettvce.LPl&J1s 9 Ihcl es seroe


- ~--~- ~-










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


narrow near base. Plants 10 to 1I
inches across, heads roundish, not very
firm, inner leaves yellow, seeds, black
A disanct variety, particularly interest
ing on account of the bright colore
tsaTag. and very gnon uinon tl t.i I
qualities are considered. The plant!
endure both heat and cold better thai
many other kinds, but it is not oftei
planted.
19. Crisp as Ice.-A subvariety of th<
above. Leaves not as brilliant, plant
smaller, heads usually firmer, seed
black. A very good summer variety
but like the above, it is not oftei
planted.
20. Brown and Gold.-A sub variety
of the Red Bessen, that has yellowisl
brown leaves. Seed, black.
21. Yellow Seeded Brown Dutcl
(Rousse a Graine Jaune, Fr.).-Leaves
bronZ rasa Or nRnrli red nftir froats
I~Feaifilj, plants about io incMne
across, forming rather loose heads, thi
inner leaves of which are creamy
white. Seed, yellow. This variety re
sembles Brown and Gold, but differ
from it in having yellow instead o0
black seed.
22. Large White Summer.-Leaves
yellowish green, smooth at ends or
slightly notched, surface becoming
crumpled and folded when the
heads begin to form. Heads nearly
round, 4 or 5 inches in diameter, ant
white. A popular kind for garden cul
ture. The plants grow less rapidly
than the black-seeded Tennis Ball an(
do not go to seed as quickly, but whei
the heads are mature they are hardly
the halas are rmaren ty sa= Emai
tl tinguiaheable from those of that va
riety. This type of lettuce is dissemin
ated by seedsmen under the following
names: Wood Cabbage, Philadelphia
Cabbage, Standwell, Stubborn Head
Hubbard's Market, Stonehead Golden
Yellow, Thickhead Golden Yellow
Golden Stonehead, Golden Nugget anc
German Butterhead. Buttercup and
Rudolph's Favorite are forms having
yellow leaves.
23. Blonde Royal.-Leaves large
green, spreading, with the edges rolled
Inward in a characteristic manner,
while centers of leaves bend outward.
The under surface of the leaves is
much lighter green than the upper, and
where the leaves are rolled over they
appear almost white. A very distinct
variety, but apparently possessing little
merit. Seed, white. Obtained from
France.
(Continued next week.)
w.ean Culture.
Editor Floride Agrioslturist:
Pecan culture is now receiving con-
siderable attention in some parts of
Florida, more especially in the north
ern counties where the orange has had
to succumb to the cold of the last few
winters For many yea 5 t thaBy
naB Been ina~l9touaiy held to, that the
trees could not be moved from where
the nut was planted, for cutting the
tap-root, it it did not kill the young
tree, would prevent its ever bearing.
With this belief so fully established
and the fact that seedling trees could
not be brought to bearing in less that
ten or fifteen years has been a very ser-
ious drawback to the planting by
many, who, had they known the facts
-_ '' = "=Z -aar -
have planted. It is now, however, no
secret to our nurserymen that pecans
can be planted in nurseries, moved at
will and budded or grafted safely, and
then planted in orchards and success-
fully cultivated. The same old theory
was held to and practiced in the early
days of orange growing in Florida,
and it was almost the rule that all the
older groves before the great freeze
were seedling trees. It did not take
long, however, to explode the fallacy of
that idea, and many orange groves in
Volusia county, as well as elsewhere,
were planted with budded trees and
brought to bearing in five years.
Some of the nurserymen of today are
claiming the same thing for the pecan
and if true the salvation, financially, of
very many men who have become dis-
couraged as t, ever restoring the
sFVTe, sars the pride of the state,
and a source or wealth scarce ever
known before in fruit growing will be
established.


2 The most of the pecans of commerce
y now, are the wild or seedling stocl
. grown in Texas or Louisana. The plant
- ing of the largest and choicest nut
1 has been the practice, in the be
a 10i t1FH I1 frgfS w1S il5 FArEMal
s the same nut again. But what is tru
1 of all trees, is true of the pecan. Th
1 same, or even better fruit may b
found, but the rule is, that where on
e fine variety is produced, ten will b
s found inferior and there is no certain
Sty as to what will come.
There are two advantages then li
n planting budded stock. First, you ge
just the variety of nuts that your tre
y was budded from, and second, ver
h much quicker returns. There is, how
ever, one drawback, viz.; the hig]
price of improved or budded stock.
s The writer, anxious to learn the stat
s un or puiotn graowillng aS fa aI fpaiUt
e made a visit to the Florida Agricultui
y al College and Experiment Station a
SLake City, also to several of the mor
StImportant nurserymen of the state.
f There has been very little done wit]
pecans as yet, at the station at Lak
s City. Prof. Hume, however, is full
r awake to the importance of the sub
g ject, and is making some valuable ex
e periments, the result of which will b
y published in later bulletins.
d Mr. G. L. Taber, president of thi
- state horticultural society, in speakingi
Y of budded pecans, relative to their
d bearing so much sooner thai
1 seedlings held more conservative view
Y than many others, while the grit]nj
R BLmwUlE o JaueS"IrFui, w8Ie V8f
- positive in their views, that the bud
- ded or grafted tree would bear front
Three to five years from planting th,
Street in the orchard. Others I found
Swho, anxious to sell trees, wer
Seven more radical in their views. Fron
all the information I could gather dur
Sing my trip, I concluded that mud
depends on the manner o handling th4
Stree, its care, soil and fertilizing, as ti
their earliness in bearing, which would<
be equally true of the seedling tree. i
am led to this conclusion, that al
things considered, it is much the bes'
to plant budded trees.
As to the soil and location of Dlant
r ing, I found trees doing well on higl
t pine and flat woods lands, and on ham
mocks, so that there is very little oa
Florida where the pecan will no
flourish.
I found at O1u32et, Bakis sfantrl 2s
flai wooda land, aiout ave mTood11C
trees, which were the property of Mr.
G. F. Russell, of Jacksonville. These
trees were planted, or the nuts rather,
about ten or fourteen years ago. For
the first six or seven years this or.
chard had good care and culture. But
for the last few years it has been badly
neglected. The nuts planted were the
Alnst that could bi found on the maE
ket, many of them costing $1.00 per
pound. Last fall the orchard was put
under the care of a thorough going
business farmer and fruit grower, and
the result is quite visible already. The
trees bore some nuts last year, but 1
was not able to get the number of
pounds. But at the time of my visit
September 5, there were probably half,
or more of the trees well loaded with
young nuts. nearing full mine. and
bsamsti tiE tsn wun liniftrf ifg WIN
very full indeed. Most of the trees
would average from twenty-five to for-
ty feet high. Mr. Russell told me that
last year's crop sold, the largest and
finest of the shelled nuts, for 35 cents
per pound, for planting; and the bal-
ance of the crop for 8 1-2 cents per
pound.
The nuts then on the trees, It was
claimed, were very much superior to
the crop of the last year in quality, and
as to the quantity, I think it would be
safe to estimate from 40 to 100 pounds
per tree, on 2500 trees. With a little
figuring,it will be easy to set a value on
this property when we remember that
a pecan tree when once in bearing is
constant in bearing for many years at
least.
There was a tree near the house that
was some sixteen or eighteen years old
thf-t Bhg BAiFe f6of several years, a nut
of very superior quality. Some 3 years
ago, I was told, the crop from this
tree alone sold for $60. I also saw a


e tree in the city of Palatka, some six
k teen years old, that bore a crop las
- year which sold for $35.
s The tree grows very rapidly and t(
- a great size so that the danger in Dlant
a ing will be to get them too close to
e gether, and that when grown they wil:
e injure their productiveness by crowd
e ing each other. 40 feet each way, ii
e the rule now given by most of the nur
e serymen, which would put about twen
I- ty-seven trees to the acre; and whili
the trees are small, no harm woul(
a come if the vacant ground was plant
t ed to other crops.
e The best authority I could get, wa:
y that the soil, fertilizer and genera
- treatment should be about the same a;
h for an orange grove, and as there ar
so many abandoned orange groves novw
t- t k? had for a Trrr mall Drivs wnit
, better could he aone ann to plan
- them to pecans. It possible, get th(
t budded trees, and if the claim is tru
e that they can be brought to bearing in
from four to six years, and the quality
h of the nuts assured, it is surely a saf(
e investment.
Y The danger of loss by frost is noth
- ing as the pecan will stand the climate
- of all the south up to Tennessee, and
e farther, with perfect safety.
There may be insect enemies, in
e time to fight, but as yet I can learn
I of none. S. B. Mann,
r Glenwood, Fla.

s Japan Chestnuts.
I n.Htwr Js ^ jfljiMfFi
-Your favor of the 12th inst, inquir-
ing if "I have had any experience in
e keeping Japan chestnuts any length of
time" duly received. In reply will say
That my experience is limited to my
ownership of this place, which has
. been only long enough to obtain two
t crops, last season and this. The first
e crop did not keep-well, only a few
o weeks; this season's crop is, up to now
I doing well,but have not had time so far
[ to give a fair test. I find a very mark-
I 6 and iiiterial improvement in favor,
t quality and solidity of nuts this season
over last, which I attribute to such cul-
tivation as I have had time to give
them, which has not been uniform or
Continuous, and only on one side of the
Street, with no fertilizer. These trees
t have been badly and sadly neglected
for several years. It is only last week
that I finished mrubbin out from nu-
d SF fae ffel Em1vB aaivti a iii Wfii
as my head, but notwithstanding such
great disadvantages, the trees them-
selves have, with few exceptions, made
a splendid growth. I feel confident
from the marked improvement in the
quality of the nut over last year's crop,
* that with continuous, thorough culti-
vation, and a liberal application of pot-
Sash. northern Florida can produe a
mammont Japan enBQotfl, dt qU181 1
quality and flavor and stamina -(keep-
ing qualities) to the best Italian vari-
ety. I intend to back this opinion the
coming season by constant and contin-
uous cultivation, and a liberal applica-
tion of potash (in which our soil is no-
toriously deficient). I will leave some
trees unfertilized and then be able to
note the difference in results.
I forgot to add that my chestnuts are
KE111" as meaa s12M s22s9 W
atoet, of wMice I ahaV several large
bearing trees.
Owing to the great humidity at time
of ripening, (Sept. 1st) our rainy sea-
son, it is possible that our chestnuts
may never attain that long keeping
quality for which the northern wild
chestnut is noted (when properly
smoked in the "chimney corner") yet
I honestly believe with the ,(in a sense)
scientific cultivation indicated, they
will acquire stamina sufficient to bear
shipping and retain all edible qualities
until consumed. In other words, get
them out of our moist rainy season as
soon as ripe. Up to now I have found
no worms, so common to the northern
varieties.
I would be glad to know if the sub-
scriber you quote ever applied potash
and used thorough cultivation. Both
will make the Wilson strawberry more
Ghipa iu, posilWy so with eitfiiifu. I
never knew constant cultivation and
fertilizer to be beaten yet in any soil,
and I am somewhat acquainted with


is-inch barrel, weight 41 P ds
Carefully bored and tested Fo
.2, .a and .32 rim-fire cartridges.
No. 17.
Plain Ope Sights, $6.00
No. 18.
Target Sights, $8.50
Ask your dealer for the FAVO-
RITE. If he doesn't keep it we
will send, prepaid, on receipt of
price.
Send stamp for complete cata-
ogue showing our full line, with val-
uable information regarding rifles
and ammunition in general.

J, T A d iLANlD TOOL GO.
P.O. Bow
CIuCOP=B PAUAi MASS.


the soil of Florida, (eleven years), Cal-
ifornia, (nine years), and New Jersey,
also New York, Virginia and Wash-
ington. Yours truly.
F- R. Paros.
l-f
Different Brands for 7iteen Years.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonrille, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have been using dif-
ferent brands of fertilizer on orange
trees for the past fifteen years and I
must say that your Simon Pure No. 1
brand has given the most satisfactory
results and I would use no other.
A. H. Bro wn.
Manatee, Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.


S1 wwt AGENTS ,rh
-r ECONOMY HARNESS
t u r .IY"T. *rts 1
The Rive er can be
1 H used in any p-sit on.
e IT IS -e, ds an hing where
S LOADE a well-clinched rivet
SHservesti e purp se. For
heavy farm work. an
Sbe carried in the po:.et. Aitent m, e $3 o
$Is a day. Sed 4) for sample oaled with
iviets a.dTerms t Agats. Address
PALMETTO SUPPLY CO., DeLand, Flerida.




o- II
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a. l |
r*A E a M
I, W 0 o ,,
|) .4 6 o fl
-5 2*






0 _= a

01 M
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2, 0 .1 r





















02 P0
RIFLE. 1

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STEVENSFAVORIT










588 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Pinrspple Culture on the West Coast. stakes every eight feet, but not forget-
Editor F'orida Agriculturist:, ing to make these sides a multiple of
sixteen as well as eight feet. You can
It is with pleasure that I reply to Iow lay off the south side and if your
your request for an article, for begi- angles and measurements are correct.
ners, on shedded pineries. What I the south side should agree with the
may say, is derived from experience north side to within an inch or less. In
upon our sub-peninsula only, but I laying off your angles, if a transit or
think will apply to a large part of our plane table is not available, consult
state. some good carpenter. In measuring,
Soil.-Contrary to the opinions of a wooden strip with square notches
growers, a dozen years ago, pineapples cut in at eight, fourteen, sixteen and
are now growing upon soils, that vary seventeen feet six inches, respectively,
all the way from flat woods through will be all that you will need, but have
heavy dark mixed sand and humun. the measurements come at the forward
pineland, pine and willow oak. jack edge of the square notch and not at the
oak to plain rosemary scrub land. Still middle, so that by placing the butt-
there are some soils where pineapples end of the strip against one stake and
will not do well, for some reason, pos- by pushing the next stake into the
sibly where an excess of iron or sul- notch so that its forward side will
phur occurs and some expensive fail- touch the edge representing the de-
ures have been made upon muckland. sired distance you will always be
Good pine or pine and willow oak land measuring from the forward side of
is as a rule a safe place to plant, espec- the stake. Now that you have the out-
lally if new, but unless old land is er row of stakes set, stretch a strong
known to be free from root knot and line north and south and while one
is well stocked with humus, by all man places the stakes along this line,
means clear new land and never use a second man sights him in the east
old land that has been denuded of and west, or the distance( eight feet)
grass for years, until it packs hard, as with a straight eye. the sighting is the
such land. with us. is an invitation to most accurate. While it will take two
fsSlW Eam t m as in lrn an lu-trrcwrl me) 4uu1.4 a W I; In thlua stake n"ut n11
Also avoid land that has been plant- are pinery, if properly done. at a short
ed to root-knot breeding plants, such distance each row of stakes will look
as beans, peas, okra, tomatoes, etc. like a single stake. In digging the holes
Preparation of Land.-Clear thor- use a post digger. that will allow the
oughly, taking out stumps and roots to edges of the hole to be made equi-dis-
a.depth of a post. With a shovel throw tant from the stake. Set the posts only
all of the higher inequalities of the deep enough to hold them up, say
'surface into the lower ones. twelve to eighteen inches, being care-
If you wish a very uniform surface ful to pick out the best and straightest
plow with a turning plow and go over posts for the walls and to line the wall
it repeatedly with a cutaway oi' disc posts well on their outer sides.
harrow; then take two pieces of 2x6- After the posts are set. saw off their
x16, place them on edge three or four tops seven feet from the ground, using
feet apart and nail together on under a Lne and sawing off the wall posts
sde with 2x4 pieces Jointed into the first, which will aid in lining in the
longer pieces so as to be flush with remaining tops. If the surface of tlhe
lower side and also nail cross pieces ground s much rolling or sloping the
on top. Weight this leveler down and lines of the tops of the posts will, of
attach a heavy horse to each end. By course have to "follow suit."
going over the ground alternately wit ou are now ready to haul on the
this leveler and some harrow that wil lumber of which this pinery will re-
loosen up the soil, you will finally plane quire 4 pieces of 2x6xl0(or ix8xl5)
it to a smooth surface. Spade in as qie 45 pieces 2x4x 76 feet of 14 feet
much cow manure, stable manure, to- boa pes 2x354x feet of x3x 14 fThis
boards; 23520 feet of lx3x16. This
bacco stems. oak leaves, etc., as will allow of no waste for which it is
available and plow under with a turn- will allw of no a f w t is
g OF, a g a su a a more. The lumber should be all heart
bull tongue in the furrow back of the and as straight grained as possible, as
turning plow, so as to loosen up the sappy sheds ill rot in a few years.
soil to a depth of ten or twelve inches while al heart oneswi t h good fars
but never turn the subsoil on top of Fghtwood posts, will last 10 to 15
the surface soil. In fair pineland, four
years and cross grained slats will warp
inches Is deep enough for the turning out of shape, if not into pieces. If
plow. practicable haul the stringers onto the
If the above manure or tobacco stems the ground first dropping them where
is not available, use one to two tons wanted. Toenail the stringers onto the
of blood and bone per acre and harrow top of the posts and spike their
in. In case the manure or stems are lapped ends together. In distributing
used, ample time should be allowed the slats dnive through north and south
them to rot, before planting, but the dropping twenty-eight slats at each
blood and bone may be applied up to place, and be sure to drop them eight
the time of planting. or ten feet either north or south of
A disc harrow or cutaway together their permanent resting place, so that
with an Acme, will all be of service in shoving them up, you can do so over
in getting the ground in shape, their center stringer without extra
Plants, upon ground that was pre- walking.
pared only with a bull-tongue and har- First shove up the entire north row
row so as not to turn the surface soil of slats and skip each alternate row.
under at all, outgrew for the first six Nailing requires bne man at each end
months those upon land where a turn of slat, spacing the ends three and one-
plow was used, but eventually proved half inches apart, one eight penny or
to be no better or worse than plants even six penny nail is usually sufflci-
upon the adjacent turned land. ent for each end. The center of
Erecting Shed.-As the parts are slats should also be nailed. Af-
fourteen feet apart east and west, this ter you have thus spaced and nailed
measurement of the shed should be each alternate row of slats, the
a multiple of 14 feet and as the slats remaining rows can be shoved up
are usually sixteen feet in length, the and dropped in between the ends of
north and south dimensions of shed those already nailed, without any fur
should be a multiple of sixteen. It is iher spacing, besides this method of
therefore not pImNibli to build a nherrtd I ling slatl will prevent that diagonal
of an exact acre and have it of good running of slats, so common in many
proportions. so we will take as a sani- pineries. The slats as usually sawed,
pie a shed 210feet east and west by run from two and three-fourths tc
224 north and south, which would make three and one half inches in width,
S. i1 ft nth .,- -s Thi i


It O One 1n 1in 011- ihene thel three and one-quarter Iic
shed would require 464 posts. eight space. Next comes the east and west
and one-half feet in length and not less walls. the north and south walls usual-
than four inches in diameter at the top. ly being left up, until the pinery is
In marking out the post holes, most planted. Spike two courses of 2x4x16
men of experience in similar work I pieces t -o feet from top and botton of
will have some method that they prefer cast and west walls.
but if you have no method, stake offl iSaw the fourteen foot boards into
the north end with mall stakes just e\-ron fcot lengths and, if particular
fourteen feet apart; from the ends of; liout appearances, square both ends,
this line and at right angles to it, lay line in along ground, seven feet from
off your east and west sides and place top of shed, a narrow base board and


set the squared ends of wall boards
upon it and nail to the 2x4 pieces with
eight penny nails.
Or if not so particular about appear-
ances, simply square the boards at
center cut, line in these squared ends
along the top of shed and nail base
board onto the sides of the unsquared
ends. A base board saves the neces-
sity of the wall boards extending to
the ground and can easily be replaced
when decayed.
Before planting eacn bed, thoroughly
loosen the ground witu a bull-tongue
plow or something similar.
The north and south wall not 1be;g
up. will allow of horse work clear
through and if ground .is trashy, hand
rake, and you are ready to plant.
Planting.-As ninety-five per cent of
our pineries here are of the Smooth
Cayenne variety, we plant 18x30
inches. Each fourteen foot panel of
the shed. leaving a five foot walk, be-
side a nine foot bed of plants, the
plants being eighteen inches apart in
the row and rows thirty inches apart.
In locating the plants many devices
are used and there is still room for in-
genuity in this direction. We still ad-
here to our first plan, which is as fol-
Inflaa Tnate relat icranc nt 4wze. ""!
begininng at the end. mark off c cr:
thirty inches until you have seven
marks. Mark seven pIeces of lx3x)
every eighteenn inches beginning at
onel end. Make a plain notch at each
mark on the nine foot piece. Nail the
seven pieces upon the three long
ones. one at each thirty inch mark. be-
ing careful to so space the long pieces
that they will not interfere with the
notches on the short pieces. Square
each corner and hold them so, by diag-
onal braces running across corners of
the frame.
Stretch a strong line along edge of
path and follow line with side of plant-
ing frame. Place frame so that the
first row of plants will come five or six
feet from the north wall. This frame
requires two or three men to handle
and plants forty-five suckers at each
move. In order to make the rows line
east and west, we sight the frame in
each time that we move it, for this pur-
pose driving in three rows of stakes
.eont !on nnid on-half foot apart, and
one row endu on thie 6a auii 'W~I
wall and one in the center of shed.
Before planting the suckers should be
stripped of their basal leaves, until the
eyes begin to look tender. Plant from
two to five inches deep according to
the size of the sucker. As soon as the
roots begin to grow, cultivate and the
more cultivation the more growth. For
the first cultivation, a good raking will
not only loosen up the surface, but will
remove much trash, that would other-
wise interfere with the scuffle hoe.
Next a hand cultivator that will stir
up the soil a couple of inches or so in
depth, but as the roots rapidly ap-
proach the surface, the cultivation will
have to become more shallow, until
only the scuffle hoe can be safely
used. Small plants may become filled
with sand, which can be removed by
pouring water into them, or by a knap.
sack spray pump, throwing a small sol-
id stream. Ground tobacco or a mix-
ture of tobacco and cotton seed meal
can be used to prevent this sand-
ing. by filling the bud with the mix-
ture. The north and south wall can now
be put up, the same as the east and
west walls, excepting that the posts
being further apart 2x6x15 pieces
should be used to nail the boards onto.
Fertilizing.-To approach this sub-
ject is like wading into the deep. deep
-oa. whore you know that yon ni be unable to touch the bottom, likewise
that we will soon have to wade out
quite near to the place where we went
in. so we will not wade in very deep.
After mixing and using more than
twenty (Kfferent formulas, we are still
seeking for what we want, but have
come to a few conclusions:
First that Mrs. Pineapple Plant is
decidedly plebian in her tastes and ac-
cording to our ideas, inconsistent in her
returns, for in return for the choicest
of chemical fertilizer, she gave no bet-
ter apples than she did for blood and
bone and potash. Second, that she is
capable of standing more coarse or-


AXLEo
JL jknd light loads.


Pood for everything
that runs on wheels.


Sold Everywhere.
L Nade byr STANDARD OI CO.


ganic nitrogen than any other plant of
our acquaintance, which makes its fer-
tilization much safer for a beginner
than that of the orange tree. Tobacco
afford, another evidence of Mrs. Pine-
Sii;uplt; d stmy 8 s1s*f-t riat waitmu
is bad into that which is good. One
square of plants fertilized with ground
tobacco only was at one year of age
doing finely, while a square beside it
fertilized with a species of pineapple
fertilizer was so worthless as to neces-
sitate its entire removal, but this was
a couple of years ago, before manufac-
turers of fertilizer had learned better
than to use acid phosphate in a pine-
apple special.
Upon the whole, until we learn bet-
ter. blood and bone and potash will
probably give as good results as any
mixture, but what form of potash is
most desirable, is yet to be found out.
After the plant is half or more grown,
use a slightly greater percent of phos-
phoric acid than ammonia and from
two to two and one half times the per-
centage of potash.
Insect Enemies.-Under this head,
we have only the pineapple scale and
mealy bug, neither one of which have
so far proved to be of any special im-
tMFai-re andll o)D f u wi h ) Fdiil
yield to kerosene emulsion, even when
diluted to one half of the standard
strength. The scale multiplies only
when the plants have formed a dense
mass of foliage. Ground tobacco
scattered freely over the plants has a
tendency to discourage both of these
insects. Many growers pay no atten-
tention to either of these insects.
Diseases.-Wilt, or blight, as it is
more commonly called is the only dis-
ease that has appeared here and this
year, has affected hardly one plant in
1500 and no year has it attacked over
one plant in one hundred. This disease
is said to be common to all pineapple
growing countries and is claimed by
our government authorities to be
caused by a fungus that attacks the
roots of the plant. But owing to the re-
sistant character 9f the pineapple plant
the leaves do not indicate the disease
until the roots are about all dead.
Our course of treatment is to re-
move the diseased plant, treat the
ground with a fungicide and after a
rain or two replace a healthy sucker.
Varieties.-Over thirty varieties have
been tested in the sheds of our state,
with the result that Smooth Cay-
enne now has the field about all to her-
self. It is the favorite in the open fields
of the Sandwich Islands. as well as in
the glass houses of the Azores and the
sheds of Florida and, considering Ihs
fine quality, large size, good shape cer-
tain fruitfulness, good keeping and
shipping qualities, hardiness and free-
doin from thorns. it is in all probabil-
ity, the world's best all-around pine-
apple. Cyrus W. Butler.
*
Made Fine Fruit.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonrille. Fla.
Gentlemen:-I beg to state that the
pineapple fertilizer bought of you gav?
entire satisfaction and made fine fruit
and plants. Do not see how it could
be improved. (Miss) Vettle Wright.
Orlando, Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. ss


Pineapple Sheds.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Of the two systems of making pine-
apple sheds, i. e., entirely of wood and
wire, the former has proven most sat-
isfactory and durable. Where wooden
slats are used fastened together with
galvanized wire by twisting the wire
around the slats, a fatal weakness is
developed in the twisting of the wire.
Here the protecting sealing of zinc is
cracked and broken and flakes off.
.leaving bare iron wire, weakened itself
by the sharp twist, which rusts
through in a few years, and the first
hurricane or heavy wind storm breaks
them apart and away goes that cov-
ering. From three to five years Is
about the life of this kind of woven
slat work when used to cover a pine-
apple shed, while good heart lumber
should last from ten to twelve years in
a similar position. Some years ago
when the price of wire was down and
the wire was cheap, some growers con-
ceived the idea of cheapening their
pineapple shed by substituting galvan-
ized wire for part of the lumber ordin-
arily used. Sheds had formerly been
built very heavily to support the heavy
covering of 1x3 strips which were then
in use almost universally.
By substituting cypress plastering
lath for the 1x3 time and saving of
eighty per cent. was made in the
weight of the covering and a more dur-
able material obtained. By weaving
these laths into strips of fencing in a
wire fencing machine and then substi-
tuting heavy wire for stringers to sup-
port those strips of fencing, much lum-
ber was saved and the cost of construc-
tion reduced 25 to 50 per cent over the
old method. But the action of the wind
has proven very detrimental to the life
of such a structure, the continual
sawing, swaying and straining slowly
rocking it and swinging it in all direct
tions. Since the rise in wire. however.
the element of economy in first cost
has been eliminated. I gave this sys-
tem of shedding a trial in '89. six years
before it was attempted to any extent
by growers in general. I built one
shed with wire fencing, using wooden
stringers and the shed entirely of
wood, with cypress lath nailed rigidly
to one by six pine strips set on edge.
The gale of '92 destroyed my wire
woven shed and broken strips beaten
about by the wind destroyed my pine-
apple plants. The other shed stood till
'90 without any repairs and with a
little patching up it could have been
made to last five years longer at the
least. There is therefore no doubt in
my mind about the rigid all wood sys-
tem of constructure being the only
practical method. I will give a very
good plan for building on this system
which may of course be modified to
suit the requirements of the locality.
We have found that one half slat pro-
tection overhead and two side fences,
have been ample to save our pines
from any freeze which has come our
way during the past ten years. Take
fat lightwood posts, charred at the
base, and set them twelve feet apart
each way. Saw a shoulder at the top
of each to hold the main stringers,
which are to be 1x5 and all heart
pine or cypress nailed, to the sides of
the posts at the top with several gal-
vanized 8 d. wire nails. These wire
stringers must run north and south
and for extra strength in construction
it is well to have them twenty-five feet
long and spliced well where they join,
clinching nails (this is to prevent
warping). The strips 11-2x2 are nailed
across these east and west set on edge.
They must be about six inches too long
i. e., 12 1-2 feet long, so as to Drevent
SSHtiSff ==c;Z tfr;_ a= =lES t!S -=Ftn
stringer. It Is best to have them twen-
ty-five feet long to reach across two
spaces if possible to add strength and
durability to the stringers.- These
strips are nailed forty six inches apart
from center to center, thereby allow-
ing two inches for the lath to lap to
prevent slipping by warping. rntm
nail cypress plastering lath across
north and south, putting a galvanized
3 d. wire nail in the end of each. Space
them just the width of a* lath. The
posts can be made from 7 1-2 feet to
any length deslred_ The frrme can be


cross braced to make it more rigid and
then the outer posts need be only
placed 1 1-2 feet in the ground and the
inner ones six inches. In fact when a
shed is done if well braced, all the
inner posts can be sawed off at the
surface of the ground, without mater-
ially weakening the structure. Posts
must stand at least six feet four inches
above ground so that after deducting
5 inches for main stringers, 5 feet, 11
inches will be left clear. However, by
increasing the length of the posts they
can be set deeper in the ground and no
cross bracing used, the whole shed
can be raised to ten, twelve or even
sixteen feet, enabling a young orange
grove to be grown among the pines
protected from the sun, wind and cold.
However, where such a shed will pro-
tect pineapples, citrus trees can be
grown in the open air without fear of
harm. Bear in mind in building your
shed that the higher it is from the
ground the better protection it will af-
ford your plants. This is practical ex-
perience, which we know to be true be-
yond a doubt In making a theory to
explain this we say it is because there
is a larger body, thicker stratum of
warm air enclosed, which naturally
takes longer to get cooled down to the
freezing temperature outside. If posts
are scrace they can be economized by
increasing the width of the main
stringers and separating the post far-
ther north and south. It is necessary
not to increase the span and yard be-
yond the capacity of the main stringer
to resist swagging. Such a shed can
be put up at a cost of from $300 to
$400 per acre, according to price of
lumber and labor. Nothing but heart
cypress or pine should be used. When
lightwood posts cannot be obtained 4x4
sawed heart pine or cypress coated
with tar at base can be substituted.
John B. Beach.
West Palm Beach.
0
Gave Entire Satisfaotion.
E. O. Pointer & Co.. Jacksonville. Fla.
Gentlemen:-The fertilizer that I re-
ceived from your house gave entire
satisfaction. Yours respectfully,
F. G. Liles.
San Antonio. Fla., Sept. 25, 1900.

FLORIDA

STATE COLLEGE

OF

AGRICULTURE
AND

MECHANIC ARTS

AT


Lake City,


= = Fla.


The fall term began September 18.
Tuition free to Florida students.
Board very low and all other expenses
small.
Foster Hall, for young women, is
ready. Send for catalogue to

W. F. YOCUM, President.

FARM-


Do you want a good wire fence? If
you do build it yourself with our ma-
chine. You can build it for one half
the cost of any ready made fence on
the market. The machine is made of
steel, and so simple a boy can use it.
To introduce it in Florida, we will sell
a few at the low price of $3.50, regu-
lar price $4.75, charges prepaid.
Good agents wanted.
SUPERIOR FENCE MACHINE CO.
187 Grand River Ave.
treoite Mlich.


Farmers' Attention -

SPECIAL
SPRING
GOODS

Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
GEORGIA STOCKS.
*PRAYING OUTFITS,
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies
Poultry Netting ..'W "*t t l Columbia Bicycles
CHARTER OAK STOVES,
CARRARA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PULPS
WRITE FOR PRICES.
(EO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.




Corn, Hay, Oats,

And all kinds of Feed Stuff at Pock Bottom Prices.


Oats, 125 pound White Clipped -
Oats, 125 pound Mixed, -
Corn, IIO pound Mixed, -
Bran, pure, in hundred pound sacks
Hay, Number I, -
All F. O. B. Cars Jacksonville.


$1.51
1.45
1.22
-.95
- 88


Realizing that many people are so located that they have
not access to first class feed stores that keep a fresh stock of
feed stuff on hand we have arranged to fill small orders at but
a small advance over large lots.-large lots at bottom prices.
No orders filled except where accompanied by the cash. Pri-
ces good for 15 days. If prices go lower you get the benefit.
Florida Grain & Feed Co.,

Lock Box 464, Jacksonville, Fla.
This firm will fill all orders as advertised E.O. Painter & Co.


FOR SUMMER AND FALL
PLANTINGG.=
THE ORIFFING BROTHER'S CO.,
S ED Jacksonville, Fla.
THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
application. Address
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE ORIFFING BROTHER'S CO.,
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jacsonville, Fla.




$4.00 for $2.00!1
Seed you must have to make a garden, and the AGRICULTURIST you should have to be a
successful gardner. You can get them both at the price 01 one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 and we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of
GRI FFING BROTHERS.


Beaa





Beet

Cabi


Caul
Cele
Cuc


s. Extra Early Red Valen-


Egg Plant, Griffing's Improved


tine.. ........ ....... .10 Thornless ............ .10
New Stringless Green Lettuce, Big Boston............ .5
Pod .................. .10 Onions, Red Bermuda.......... .10
Dwarf German Black Grifing's White Wax.... .10
ffiT- -k- -. i-- - -10n r Al k -- -- -- ---- ---- -l *10
DurDees Large Duas Ll- Champion of England.... .10
ma .................. .10 Peppers, Long Cayenne...........5
ts, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5 Ruby King.......... .5
SImperial Blood Red Tur- Radishes, Wonderful ......... 5
nip......... .......... .5 Griffing's Early Scar-
bage, Select Early Jersey let.. ................ 5
Wakefield .... ....... .5 Earley Scarlet Erfurt.... .5
Early Summer.......... .5 Tomatoes, Beauty........... ..
" Griffing's Succession .... .5 Money Maker........ .. .5
flower, Extra Early Paris .. 10 Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.. .. .5
ry, Golden Self Blanching.... .10 Pomeranian White Globe
umbers, Improved White Spine. .5 .......... ........ .5
" Long Green Turkish.. .. .5 Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede.... .5
Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.


_ ____ C __ __










590 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FaTILIUEB DARMla'3EENT.
All commuications or enquirie forthis de
pertment should be addresed to
FLORIDA AGRICTLTURIST,
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.

Mgher Prices to Prevail.
There is every indication that high-
er prices are likely to prevail for all
fertilizing materials during the coming
season. Already cotton seed meal is
held at $4 to $5 per ton higher than last
year and will in all probability go still
higher. The raw seed last year sold
at $5 per ton at the beginning of the
season, while this year the opening
price was $12 and scarce at that.
Formerly the mills would make prices
to cover the season but now they only
make prices covering thirty and sixty
days.
There is a great scarcity of cattle
in the west, causing fresh meat to ad.
vance very sharply. This in turn makes
all slaughter house products short and
prices will be high. Cotton seed meal
being high and blood and bone and
dr'"ed blood thb same. will make the de-
marrd for sulphate ammonia and ni-
trate soda greater and consequently the
price Will be forced up. The price of
potash salts is likely to remain about
*1' ePnme as they are fixed by the pot-
i'ih Y-V1nFcae and would not be chan-
, ,;o! there was an exceptional de
r'e,? -rd ncalers had to buy from see-
ond lian.', to cover their wants, which
frequently happens It is our opinion
that the growers who can buy thei-
supply of fertilizer early will save
money.
C
Answer to Correspondents.
Editor Fertilizer Department.
I have been much interested in your
Fertilizer Department and believe
every orange grower and truck farni-
er should take the Agriculturist on ac-
count of this Department alone. I
wish to ask -for some information.
Enclosed I hand you the analysis tag
taken from a sacK or rertlilzer that I
bought for tomatoes. The analysis
covers nearly one side of the bag and
seems to have every thing in it from
moisture up. If the size of the analy-
sis counts for anything this fertilizer
gught t9 I? a humme,.
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS NO 1.
Ammonia ..................... 1 to 1% per cent
Available Phos. Ad ........ 8 to 11 per cent
Insoluble Phos. Acid .......... Ito 2 per cent
Total Phoo Acid........... 9 to 13 per cent
one Phosphate .................. 20 to 27 per cent
PotPah Ko .a................... to 2 per cent
Equal to Sulphate Potash S to 5 per cent
Moisture 10 to 12 per cent
Sulphate Magnesia, Lime47 to 27 per cent
My neighbor also got a sack of fertil-
iser but it did not have near as big an
analysis on it as the one I got. It was
only:
GUARANTEED ANALYSIS NO. .
Ammonia ....... to peot eat
Available Phos. Acid ........... 4 to 6 per cent
Potash K20 9 to 11 per cent
You will see that the former ac-
counts for I00 per cent while the lat-
tgr @hepW n 1ly to 2 per cent. Which
is the best fertilizer and what ought
they to be worth? J. H. D.
The first analysis represents about the
poorest fertilizer we have ever seen of-
fered in Florida. The "big" analysis
is put on the bags and tags to catch
Just such men as yourself who are not
posted on the ireail Vili of aiialyIJa.
The latter gives all that the grower
wants to know and one ton of it is
worth three or four times as much as
the former; that Is in real plant food.
To Illustrate the difference we will
compute the cost of the two and will
use the same material in both cases
while in all probability the manufac-
turers of the former used lower grade
of ammoniates to get their ammonia.
We will also give each analysis the


benefit of the highest figures given so it. Cover this layer with shell, then an.
as to place both on the same basis as other layer of lightwood and shell till
near as possible. To make the No.1 you have your heap as large as your
so it will analyze 11/ per cent of am- desire. Ignite the pile by starting a fire
monia, 11 per cent of phosphoric acid in the trench under the middle of the
2 per cent potash it will take pile. When the wood is consumed,
12010. or sulpnatc ammonia 4T.-...-4l.84 you will h&i & haep af e~yter Bhmll
148 lbs. Low Ora e Potash $S0 ...... 2.22
1540 lbs. Acid Phosphate $13 ....-.......01 lime, but it will also contain ashes,
Cost of Bags................................ 1.00
Cost of Mixing 1.00 charcoal and pieces of unburned shell,
1- o 1s.87 all of which can be screened out.
The heaviest cost in the above is the *
acid phosphate which is all out of pro- Editor Prier Depar
portion to the other plant food but is dir c r D
the cheapest ingredient and therefore Indirect fertilizers are a great deal
the cheapest ingredient and their heard of these days, probably as plaus-
constitutes the bulk. To give an analy- bible excuse of a defective explanation
sis of 6 per cent ammonia, 5 per cent of practical facts. It is now under-
available phosphoric acid, and 11 per stood that plant food consists pract-
cent actual potash It will require; ically solely of nitrogen, (ammonia),
potash and phosphoric acid; not any
480 lbs Sulphate Ammonia@ $ 72....$17 28 one nor any two, but all three acting
814 lbs Low Grade Potash 0 $30.-- 12 21
700 bs Acid Phosphate $13 .... 4.55 together. Notwithstanding this fact
cost of Bas .. 1 00 about plant food it has at last been
Cost of Mixing ..... .......... ..---- 1.00
....proved beyond all question of doubt.
1994 36.o04 there remains the fact that certain
The cost of above is based on the other substances have a marked effect
retail price of fertilizing materials at on the growth of crops-notably lime.
land plaster, and more rarely common
.acksonville. It will readily be seen salt.
which fertilizer is the most valuable Lime as an indirect fertilizer. cor-
.o buy not only from a plant food rects the acidity of the soil when a
standpoint but on account of handling soil is so rich in decaying organic mat-
ter as to show I distinctly acid reac-
and freight charges. To know the true tion. but this is not a fertilizing effect.
value of fertilizer, study the percent- We all know that lime compacts a loose
age of ammonia, available phosphoric sandy soil and loosens a too compact
ncid and potadh And then the aouVeo "lv vl roll, but tbwh are all purely
physical functions, and have little to
from which these plant food are ob- do with plant food. It is claimed that
rained. soils rich in organic matter, and acid.
-- are beyond the reach of nitrifying bac-
Editor Fertilizer Departent: tebra. and that lime by correcting thib
If I take 450 pounds of blood and acid condition, enables the bacteria to
'one and 550 pounds hish trade sul- act on the organic matter, thus liber-
nhaqe notash what will be the percent- atlne any fertilizing ingredients the or-
qae of ammonia. actual potash and e'rnw matter In the soil may contain.
nhosphoric acid? J. H. T. This is no doubt true in a measure, but
If your blood and bone contains ten it is a very delicate matter to adjust
+Ihe exact condition of "alight allrain-
ner cent ammonia. the mixture will t, e anc aplon ictionsf t aolin-
i+v. hy rourh applications of lime.
contain 7.25 per cent of ammonia. 13.5 However, there can be no doubt but
per cent of K 2 0 potash, and 4.5 per that lime is useful for such a purpose
cent of available phosphoric acid. The and hence is properly termed an In-
natual amount of phosphoric acid will direct fertilizer.
But lime deserves more credit than
he about 9 per cent which will become this one point. It undoubtedly aids
available when decomposition takes materially in breaking up soil particles.
place. In reality phosphoric acti from thus lltrating potash ioced up in the
blood and bone and similar sources, is sil. which otherwise would not be
practically as good as available phos- available for plant food. It is an ex-
nensive form of potash plant food.
phonic acid, for in the soil revision however, as a ton of lime by the time
takes place, so that available phos- it reaches the soil. would cost not less
ohoric acid bhsrm~IC revrtt phepho.r l an 1Ot- Z thia snm would he ton
Ic acid within twenty-four hours. times the quantity of potash the lime
could possibly liberate. It is not gen-
Editor Fertilizer Department: rally claimed that lime has any great
effect in making available the phos-
I have read with much Interest your phorc acid existing naturally in soils.
articles on lime for the soil and your For twenty ears. phosphoric acid has
instructions how to use same. Where been generally applied in excessive
I am located It is a very difficult mat- quantities as compared with potash.
ter to purchase lime, as the freight yet this phosphate quickly becomes
would be more than the first cost of dormant in the soil. and is very slow-
the lime. I am situated, however. ly acted upon by plants.
where I can get plenty of oyster shells. Land plaster is merely lime combined
Could not these be burned to answer with sulphuric acid. Any value it may
the same purpose? TJ, H., have as an indirect fertilller. is due to
You are strictly in it, as the boys the fact that it decomposes soil parti-
would say, as far as source of lime cles, liberating the stores of plant food
goes. Oyster shell lime contains only existing In soils In a state of nature.
Small er cent of alm oxide less For example, insoluble silicate of pot-
a mall e ent of ealleum oxide less nh. with land nlanat r may form sill-
than stone lime, but is considerably cate of lime and sulphate of pot-
lighter in bulk than the latter. Stone ash, which brings the potash within
lime slakes three bushels for one. reach of plants. Soil phosphates can-
while the oyster shell will slake but not. however, be similarly decomposed
by plaster, hence it can be of little val-
little more than two for one. ue as an Indirect source of phosphoric
If you expect to need very much acid plant food. It is said that land
lime. it will pay you to put up a kiln plaster prevents loss of nitrogen when
for the purpose of burning it. secure EMlro with deoaYing organlo matter.
Syr This is undoubtedly true. but is of
iron grates to make the bottom of your precious little value as a maker of plant
kiln. Kindle your fire underneath the food. It can only hold nitrogen as am-
grate so that the blaze will be drawn monia, which requires further treat-
upward through the shells. In this ment at the hands *f decomposing bac-
u will b a to m a btte teria before becoming fit for plant food.
way you will be able to make a better Common salt is credited in a lesser de-
article, and the lime will be free from gree, with al the virtues of land plas-
foreign matters. You can also more ter.
thoroughly burn It. If you are unable From a broad general view, it seems
to t that the chief object of all these so-
to do this, put down a layer of light- called direct fertilizers is to supply
wood with a trench about two feet potash. This is a perfectly legitimate
wide and eighteen Inches deep under function and a very valuable one, but


so long as actual potash, in a freely
soluble form, can be purchased for
about four cents per pound, the econ-
omy of using an Indirect fertilizer as a
source of plant food becomes a matter
of question. A ton of land plaster,
carted to the farm and properly dis-
tributed will cot at least S1Q,9 92 the
average farm. This same money will
buy 250 pounds of actual potash, for
more than the plaster can be expected
to liberate. In fact, the use of Indi-
rect fertilizers is only too commonly
the same old gold brick story-an at-
tempt to get something for nothing.
Bryan Tyson.
Carthage. N. C.
0
Best Grade is the Cheapest.
Lake Helen, M'fg. Co.
B. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonvioe, Fla.
Gentlemen:-In reply to yours of the
18th, will state that I have used your
fertilizers, off and on, ever since you
first manufactured fertilizer; some
seasons as high as three carloads, and
can cheerfully and truthfully say that
they have always given perfect satis-
faction, both from my own experience
and. observation of other groves, where
your fertilizers have been used, Also,
at different times, have had goods put
up according to special formulas, and
have always found them to be up to
your standard goods. The fertilizer,
special, that I had made this year for
cassava, am not able to give. this early
in the season definite resultsas to qual-
tity and quality of roots produced; but,
judging from the growth of the cassava
at this time. it Is now four to six feet
high, I am looking for a big crop. I
do not think that anybody will make
a mistake that purchases your better
grade of goods; and the lower grades
I consider well worth all you charge
for them. But, if anybody wishes to
make a good crop of fine quality of
oranges, I would especially recommend
your No. 1. While it costs a little more
at the start, in fertilizer, as well as in
anything else, the best grade is the
thVpVet in thV end,
Yours very respectfully,
C. B. Pelton.
Lake Helen, Fla., Sept. 24, 1900.


is, by no means, the dreadful
disease it is thought to be-
in the beginning.
It can always be stopped-
in the beginning. The trouble
is: you don't know you've got
it; you don't believe it; you
won't believe it- till you are


forced to.


Then it is danger-


ous.
Don't be afraid; but attend
to it quick- you can do it your-
self and at home.
Take Scott's Emulsion of
Cod Liver Oil, and live care-
fully every way.
This is sound doctrine,
whatever you may think or
be told; and, if heeded, will
save life.
If you have not tried it, send for
free sample. Its agreeable taste will
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists,
409 Pearl Street. New York.
60c. and $1.00: all druggists.
BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON.
For use in granaries to kill weevil, to de-
stroy rats and gophers and to keep in
sects from the seed. etc.
2o CENTS PER POUND,
put up in ten and fifteen pound cans.
Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO., Jacksoaville.
Plant your fall ad in the Agricultur-
ist. You will be pleased with the re-
ults.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLORAlI DEPAMlZENT.
BY W. C. STEELE,
swT_ rI aiL rLgeIB

Daubentonia Panicea.
We have a few seeds of this very de-
sirable shrub to spare. While the sup-
ply holds out, we will send a small
package to every subscriber who will
send us a stamped, self addressed en-
velope.

Callcarpa Americana.
We often wonder why this native
shrub has never been introduced into
cultivation. It is certainly very much
more ornamental than many that r
quite popular. Chapman's Southern
Flora gives the common name as
"French Mulberry", though why it
is called a mulberry we do not under-
stand, as we can see no resemblance
at any time.
From some time in August until late
in the winter the bushes are loaded
with clusters of light purple berries.
The individual fruits are quite small
not over one eighth to one quarter of
an inch in diameter but an there nar
f6hm 0 to 150 In a cluster oressea
as closely together as possible, they
make great show. A branch will bear
from two to a dosen or more of these
clusters, usually from six to eight and
a large bush will often have over a
hundred bunches. The clusters sur-
round the stem in a circle at the axil
of each main pair of leaves.- The dis-
tance apart varies from an inch or
more of space between bunches to
such close proximity that the top of
one cluster crowds the lower berries of
the next one above.
5 nrianii s drcidnuoue, tmat to tfi
leaves drop off as cold weather
comes on but the berries last until
nearly spring.
Callicarpa belongs to the Verbenacae
or Verbena family. The nearest rela-
tive is the Duranta plumieri, or "Gold-
en Dewdrop" commonly grown in
many places for its showy clusters of
yellow berries.
Henderson's Hand Book of Plants
says of the calllear ta
"A species common from Virginia
southward. A hardy deciduous shrub.
of great beauty, and one of the most
desirable for the lawn or shrubbery
border. In good soil it grows about
four feet high, (in Florida from six to
eight feet.-Ed.) very branching from
near root, giving the plant a most
small, lneonepi gIU, ina numcroua ax.
flary cymsa or ciustgr. Tile beauty of
the plant consists in its clusters of vi-
olet colored berries, which are exceed-
ingly showy from September to De-
cember."
Here In Florida they hang on much
later. They are found in the flatwoods
wet soil and the high, river front, ham-
mocks. Though it grows to from six
to eight feet In height, ryt a lhSa Unl i
eignteen to twenty Inches high may be
seen bending over with their load of
berries.
In spite of the recommendation of
Henderson's Hand Book it is not found 1
in any catalogue that we have seen. It
was listed by Reasoner Bros. in the 1
time of the late P. W., but has been I
dropped since his death.
It is certainly much more showy than
in!Y Rf15 0l~ Ieath are sold a at
high prices. We never could see the
good sense of running after foreign i
plants and neglecting much more de-
sirable natives.
*
A Florida Gardin.
Editor Floral Department.
Perhaps I am one of those whom you
speak of as being "sick, dead or moved
away." I will proceed to tell your read-
ers of my old fashioned garden. I first


had the Bermuda grass dug out and it
fenced with chicken wire then proceed
ed to out in Roses and Lilllea. A. MRs
asat MrE ~;i L li Which I have uan
ceeded in keeping alive for two years
but I cannot brag on the amount o1
growth, still they look well but the
growth is slow. Annuals I have suc-
ceeded with, Phlox, Coreopsis, Zinnias,
Pansies and Petunias, have done ex-
ceptionally well, they beginning to
bloom in February and being a thing
of beauty until into July and the Zin-
nias are very handsome all summer as
have the Lilies, one in particular, an
immense bulb has sent up a flower
stalk every few weeks all summer.
Vines of all kinds have done well. I
think I admire the morning glory.
Ipoinea purpuioa., tlO tflgs, &tliohugh
the Moon flowers are beautiful. We
have two kinds of them. The Cy-
press vine is one of our best climbers
with its feathery leaves it covers
fences or arbors very closely. I have
a considerable number of different
vines among-them the Rose vine, Mad-
eria, Balsam apple and several of
which I do not know the names. I will
speak of a vine, seeds of which came
from Central America it is a splendid
grower it has gone to the top of a 25
foot pole several times: that is it, gets
to the top slips down a few inches
Itan onImuo nanlnl. I 4.RI It 1 liigc
to the Convolvulus family although
there has been no bloom as yet. I
think I will put my Coleus in the
ground and during the hottest of the
weather shade through the middle
of the day. They have done well. I
had seedlings; they are not as dif-
ficult to raise from seed as one might
imagine, the seeds are very fine. The
Purple verbena does better with me
than the others. All should have
a Plumbago, they are such cheerful
bloomers. One corner is devoted to
Four-o'clocks and I know of nothing
so sweet and it takes you back to the
old home. Datura and Hibiscus both
a R wll- I atnrted nut to make Just an
i8t Altloiiiai guraign and i niave gut-
ceeded and have a great many kinds
for the plot of ground, not a great deal
of any kind, there is no trouble about
people growing plants if they will only
fertilize and water.
Put on all the rotted manure you
dare to, let it lay a few days then put
on some more. Keep right at it, not
forgetting to water plentifully and you
will have flowers, you can't help it.
I must not forget to tell you of our
Caladium (esculentum) I thought it
was immense. I measured some of th5
leaves, one measured thirty-eight
inches the longest part of the leaf, and
thirty-one across. I advise every one
to have a garden if only a small one.
You don't know the pleasure you will
derive from it. Many a heartache can
be buried in it. Many a pleasant hour
spent among the plants which in a
short time become friends. The first
segd morning l said to tli m_ ana T.p
wni their fresh faces respond. Did
you ever think that plants think or
display intelligence? I have a vine
that sends down long feelers or roots
to the ground. Now if there were no
intelligence, would not they be as apt
to grow up as .down. S. A. M.
0
Notes
di"ar Floral Dsqfiutmsw ,
No doubt the readers of the Florida
Agriculturist have been enjoying the
steady improvement of its Floral de-
partment. It seems as if each week
brings a richer feast to the flower lov-
er, and opens up new vistas of possible
beauty to every homesteader in Flor.
ida. Several of ts contributors are
making the wisest of suggestions as to
the best methods of nmakting a t ifs
lafft sug EMftia. -
A recent contributor proposes plant-
ing Altheas, which is a timely hint.
They are one of the very few old
time favorites in the states qorth of us
that are well suited to Florida which
u poQullarjy oUitcd to the Maivacea
They grow to be a very large shrub
in iht- northern states and ought to be-
come almost trees in our climate, as
do the Crape Myrtles and Oleanders.
Not long since our Floral Editor call-
ed altentior to some of Flo-idaq ua-


I _


tive vines which were suitable foi
cultivation. Has the intelligent lovely
I of flon-werao r thonuht or tinb gaol
Svariety and beauty of a me of these
Native vines and how readily they
lend themselves to the adornmen
of our homes? The fact is thai
the poorest homesteader need not
spend a penny in order to make his
Some beautiful. He has only to go tc
the woods, hammocks and swamps tc
Stake what nature lavishly offers to
all.
Truly the "lately established depart
ment of answers to correspondents"
does "meet a long felt want" A little
painstaking arrangement of our sam-
ples, as per directions, will hereafter
entitle us to an audience in which we
shall learn the name and face of some
prized specimen, over which we have
puzzled in vain; and felt very much as
we would to have some fellow mortal
at our bed and board of whose name
and country we were totally ignorant.
In the future we hope to be rid of a
worry that is about as old as our love
of flowers. J.
4 *
Crinums, Amaryllis, Etc.,
Editor Floral Department.
This beautiful family has been lit-
tle notice by the correspondents of our
~lsrl BRanrtimntl rerhauI It is not
generally known that a succesMon of
our beautiful so-called "liles" will
furnish blooms for every day of the
year.
Very early in spring, we have the
small white Amaryllis atamasco (?)
sometimes called "Fairy lily." These
may be seen in many sections of wet
land, but they will grow and bloom
well in a dry spot, and continue in
bloom until May. Sometimes the petal
takes on a pink tint which enhances
their beauty. At the same time these
lilies begin to bloom, we have the
handsome and showy Amaryllis Eq-
uestre sometimes known as Regina or
"Queen lily:" halo ns "LBarhadgg lily,"

a good standby, remaining-in bloom at
least two months before it fades. A
Tohnsoni will surprise you with its
grand and gorgeous wealth of bloom.
a well cared for clump of bulbs will
send up dozens of flower stalks, each
crowned with three or four perfect
blooms making one of the brightest
masses of color to be found. A ramble
to your nearest pond or lake will prob-
ably show the Nymphea Odorata or
"Pond lily" and perhaps the American
Lotus, Nelumbium luteum, floating on
the water. Around the margin "Blue
flag" or Iris, as well as the wild "Spi-
der lily," white will be seen, this last
is sometimes known as Crinum Amer.
icanum, the flower is exactly like "St.
John's lily" or Crinum pedunculatum
only does not bloom in such large clus-
ters. The latter often numbering
twenty to thirty on a stalk. On the
numoronu ielanda of the iul 1it isl hr
Ai, ii thii tnwraiium or Hymenocalllg,
pure white, slender petals, fragrance
exquisite, leaves broad and ever green,
grows in water or on dry ground,
blooms all summer.
Time would fail me to tell of the
numerous family of Crinums fully two
or three dozen are described in the
catalogue of Messrs. Pike and Ells-
worth, and Royal Palm nurseries, twg
Florida norist or moat excellent repu-
tation. One of the very finest is C.
Augustum locally known In Key West
where I found it as "St. Joseph's lily."
This is a fit companion to C. peduncu-
latum or "King of Crinums," sending
up a large flower stalk of tweny-flve
to thirty-five blooms, bright red out-
side, pink inside, of rare.fragrance a
veritable "Queen of Crinums."
Bnme tears Innsa If nad rnam a iSsR
in Georgia, aI bulb which proves an all
winter bloomer here in Tampa. The
flower stalks will come up with great
persistency within a week after being
cut down by frost. The leaves are
long and very slender,, pale gren, thg
lily is very pale pink, almost white, of
a ferno consistency as L. Candidum.
In October we found in the palmetto
flat woods a yellow Lly with brown
spots, slender petals. I think It must
be Cateshael, I have not near exhaus-
ted the list, perhaps some one else will


r take up the subject. The lily rivals
Sthe rose and has Just as good a right
tI o tohe ttle, "Qusan 8E Fs8WejS," wji-
Ing the long hot summer when the
roses are having a hard struggle for
Life and many of them succumb to the
hot sun and rainy season the lilies are
Giving us constant supplies of bloom
I for house decoration. What is a pret-
tier thing for the breakfast table than
a cluster of cool pure white lilies?
Let me urge the Floral readers to give
this interesting and lovely family the
Attention it deserves.
Mrs. G. W. Avery.

Answer to Correspondents.
SEditor Floral Department.
W!lI .8B iflrdly Inform me where I
can get a book on raising flowers. That
is I want one that gives full instruc-
tions as to raising Roses,Begonias, etc.,
from "slips" or seeds. A. L. L.
Orlando.
Any book store will procure for you
the book or books needed. The only dif-
ficulty is in deciding what to order.
The best is unquestionably the
new set of the Cyclopedia of Amer-
ican Horticulture by Prof. L. H. Bailey
and published by Mc Millen & Co.. of
IW Y orh clty. it is n rour vaOlUmn
at $5 per volume, only two are yet out.
We know of only one small book
that is specially written for southern
gardens and that is probably out of
print The name is Southern Floricul-
ture, by James Morton and published
by W. P. Titus, Clarksville, Tenn.,
price $1.00. "The Home Florist" by
E. A. Long and published by Chas A.
Reeser, Springfield, Ohio, at $1.00, this
is probably out of print. Gardening
for Pleasure, by Peter Henderson,
published by Orange Judd Co.. New
Yntaa^r p ~st l- I:, gsr pmcncital tiDOX
specially for amateurs.
Next to the Cyclopedia probably
comes Henderson's Hand Book of
Plants, published by Peter Henderson
& Co., New York, price, $3.00. This
gives not only full directions of all
flowering and ornamental plants found
in cultivation. All these books except
one are written for cultivators at the
north and the directions must be
adapted to our limnate by the addition
of a large amount of common sense.
0
They Give Results.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-Replying to your favor
of the 18th inst., we have ten years or
more been using several of the brands
of Simon Pure fertilizer and take pleas-
urv in manlng Iaht tillg iay giTn rie
enire satisfaction. Your Garden
Brand, epescially, we find very service-
able, having used it for a great vari-
ety of stuff and always with excellent
results. This, however, we can say for
all your goods we have used, they give
results. Yours very truly,
Jessamine Gardens.
Jessmine, Fla., Sept. 21st, 1900.
0
TO THE DEAP.
A rich lady, cured of her deafns and
noises in the head by Dr. Nlcholaon's
Artificial Bar Drums, gave 10,000 to hi
Institute, so that deaf people unable to
procure.the Bar Drums may have them
free. Address 12lc. The Nicholson In-
stitute, 780 Eighth Avenue. New York.

Splendid stock of Citrus trees on
rini_ lsmon motga ar n ana a a R --_ 1,=
insge and trifoliata.
S Enormous collection
/ and stock of other
f a t trees, Economic
1I I~3 Ip 1 a n t s, Bamboos
SPalms Ferns Conl-
S rers and Milsellane-
g ~ ous ornamental. 17
S gas year. Most extensive
collection of plants and trees in the
Lower South. Send for large elegan
catalogue.
REASONER BROS.
one" ayi-










599 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLOMIDA AGRICULTUI ST.

Entered at the postofice at DeLand, Flor-
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To insure insertion, all advertisements for
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dress of their paper changed MUST give the
old as well as the new address.




Orange Culture.
Our remarks in Answers to Corres-
pondents' column during the past few
weeks have brought out a number of
inquies from parties putting out new
groves and those who have lately ac-
quired groves, as to our "real mean-
ing." One party wants to know if we
really think "our theory" is correct.
We thought that we had made our
meaning clear so that we could not
possibly be misunderstood. As to the-
ory, we beg to say that our knowledge
of orange culture is not based upon
theory but on actual experience. The
first work the writer did in the state
of Florida was staking out a young
grove in 1877, and since that time he
& not only had aroveo of his own but
alsO had groves belonging io oifiir-a
under his supervision. We have tried
almost every known method of culti-
vation and fertilization, and all kinds
of insecticides and methods of treat-
ment for the different diseases, and at
the time the big freeze wiped out our
groves, we were able to not only con-
trol the quantity of oranges the trees
would bear, but also the quality, the
quantity of oranges, however, being
always subject to the climatic changes.
While we were able to put the trees
in such vigorous condition that they
were able to recover from the effects
of a freeze and put on a crop, we could
not keep off the late frosts and dry
weather. Notwithstanding these latter
drawbacks, for three succeeding years
before the '94 freeze the groves under
our care carried good crops each year.
One of the peculiar features of our
final conclusion on orange culture after
eighteen years' experience, was the
simlicity of it all.
To make a grove it requires fertili-
zer and cultivation. The cultivation
asslgst nitrification and helps the trve4
to assimilate the plant food so that it
gets the full benefit of all that is ap-
plied, but when the tree has acquired


a sufficient bearing surface and the
owner desires to harvest his regular
crop, he should change his method of
cultivation to that of almost no culti-
vation. Fertilize the trees broadcast,
using only chemical fertilizers, and let
the weeds and grass grow. Owing to
the danger of fire if this mass of veg.
etable matter is allowed to accumulate
on the ground, we advise the use of a
mowing machine-severpl times during
the year, the grass and weeds being
left on the surface to protect the soil
from the sun. We give the trees a
chance to acquire all the "breathing
powers" possible, by keeping the prun.
ing shears hanging up on a nail. When
we followed this plan, we had large
crops, thin skinned and juicy fruit. We
were not troubled with split or thorn-
ed fruit to speak of.
We reduced the cost of cultivating
our orange grove from $25.00 per acre
per year to $5.00 per acre per year. As
stated above, these are conclusions
from practical experience, covering
twenty-two years of actual contact
with the orange business.
*
Oranges at the "North Pole."
We* presume Mr. Taber will not feel
delighted with the above caption when
he knows that it refers to his place.
The facts are, however, that his place
is so near the Georgia line that we can
call it the north pole of Florida and
R91 ta PP N4FWBPI I.- -era, muaelM Vl1I
er. The writer has ieard it reported
that Baker county wolud produce more
oranges this year than some of the so-
called orange counties, but never put
much credence in the report, deter-
mining to investigate at first opportun-
ity. The opportunity came last week
to stop off at Glen St. Mary and see
for ourselves the falsity or truthful-
ness of the story. From what we saw
we feel quite certain that Volusia
county will have to look to her laurels
or Baker county will take them away.
We found Mr. Taber busy but not
too busy to show us around. He first
showed us the experiment that he is
carrying on for the department at
Washington with the crosses between
the trifoliata and the sweet. The ex-
periment consists of fifty trees all dif-
fiivrif, itmpfi~ eafswa {fasm sAnr
produced by cross fertilizing the sweer
orange with the trifoliata. The exper-
iment is very interesting. A majority
of the trees show the characteristics of
trifoliata while there are a number
where the sweet orange features pre-
dominate. Mr. Taber has budded ten
of the most hardy varieties into the
crown of older trees in hopes that they
will fruit next season. So far several
very hardy varieties have been devel-
oped. but it remains to be seen whether
or not the fruit has any value.
We are now in the orange nursery
and as we look up the rows and see
the trees loaded with fruit we begin to
realiac the truthfulness of the report.
Mr. Taber has twenty-four varieties
fruiting in nursery rows, all on the tri-
foliata stock. The effect of the trifoli-
ata stock seems to be to produce early
fruiting and early ripening, so much so
that oranges ripen four to six weeks
earlier when grown on this stock,which
is a great advantage to the growers in
the more northern part of the state.
Nearly all of the one-year-old buds of
all kinds contained more or less fruit.
The year-old buds were as fine a lot as
we ever saw anywhere which not only


shows that the trees are in good condi-
tion but shows that Mr. Taber knows
how to make a good tree.While the ma-
jority of nursery trees are on trifoli-
ata stock other stocks have been used
so that the intending planters can
have the kind that best suits their re-
quirements.
Mr. Taber is carrying on some exper-
iments with variety of stock and dif-
ferent kinds of fruit that must prove
of incaluable value One year ago last
March a grove was set in the virgin
soil, no plowing had been done only a
hole dug and limed and the trees set
out. In clearing the logs were rolled
to the center of the rows, which has
furnished a "wood preserve" for the
cold weather. Cultivation was com-
menced by plowing strips on each side
of the rows, making it a few strips
wider each time. This grove was
planted in different varieties, four of
each kind, one half on sour stock and
one half on trifolata. The outcome
will be most Interesting and valuable
not only to Mr. Taber but to every or-
ange grower who contemplates put-
ting out new groves or replenishing
old ones.
To look at Mr. Taber's Satsuma
grove it would be hard to realize that
the state had been visited by a severe
freeze. These trees are four to six feet
high and have a spread of nearly twice
that distance. Here again is where
Mr. Taber's experiment proves valu-
nllnl- lyr to ar IF g 11fttsm .2!
the sour stock and on the sweet The
sweet stock have outgrown the sour
stock more than double, showing that
there exists more harmony between
Satsuma on sweet root than on sour.
It seems a strange assertion to make
but it is a fact that close to the
Georgia line Florida has a citrus nurs-
ery in which all of the best varieties of
oranges, pomelo, lemon and kumquat
are growing and fruiting and no
healthier or better looking trees can be
found anywhere. Mr. Taber can fur-
nish any kind of tops on any kind of
root, and can show the fruit of twenty
four different varieties.
Mr. Taber's method of growing and
working a young orange grove, is, to
our mind, an ideal one. The middles
were planted to corn and beggar weed.

gar weed allowed to grow. The corn
made a good crop of ears and the
beggar weed was just as thick as it
could stand and six or seven feet high.
Mr. Taber proposes to leave the corn
and beggar weed standing to act as
a shelter to the young trees during the
winter. Strips on each side of the
trees are kept clean and harrowed of-
ten which keeps the trees growing
and in a healthy condition.
The nursery Is laid off in sections
with a space of fifteen feet between
the sections. This fifteen foot strip
has been cultivated in corn, which
was being harvested, the stalks cut
down and work will soon be commenc-
ed hauling huge piles of wood to be
used in case another cold blizzard
comes this way. If Mr. Taber has so
much faith in the future of the orange
business that he will put out an or-
ange grove within eight miles of the
Georgia line, it should encourage
those 100 to 150 miles further south
to hold on a little and get some of the
better times that Mr. Taber believes
there is in store for us.
While the Glen St. Mary nurseries are
making a specialty of oranges other


fruit trees and ornamental shrubs are
by no means neglected or over-looked.
One of the pretty sights at the nurs-
ery is to look up a plum avenue one-
half mile in length. This avenue is set
with the Excelsior plum which origin-
ated on the place and is a cross be-
tween the Kelsey and one of the Chic-
asaw varieties. This plum promises
much for Florida. It has been fruited
all over the state and as far north as
Maryland.
In the test orchard of peaches and
plums we had the pleasure of eating
peaches. The Powers, just through
fruiting and the Gibbon's October just
ripening. These peaches are free stone
and very good. They are not as highly
colored as some of the earlier kinds but
likes Hart's Late orange, they are"very
delicious" because there are no others
to compete with them. It would take
too much space to undertake to men-
tion varieties for we could not do jus-
tice therefore we recommend that
those interested send to Mr. Taber for
vs catalogue. When we looked at the
miles of peach, plum and other fruit
trees growing so thriftily, we can
not but wonder where they will all go
to, but Mr. Taber assured us that the
inquires were even better than for
some years past and the indications
were that there would be more trees
planted the coming season than for
some time.
Before closing we must mention the
fraltlnE Jaitnvnt nlnut that we mair*
The tree is only 6 years old but had on
a good crop of nuts. They hung in great
clusters and many had dropped to the
ground. This trees would certainly be
a "small boy's delight and would also
please many that were not so small.
Besides the desirability of the nuts the
tree ti very ornamental and no home
in Florida should be without one or
more of these trees.
Any one contemplating the purchase
of orange trees would be well repaid
to visit the Glen St. Mary Nurseries
and see the genial proprietor on his
own place. Both Mr. and Mrs. Taber
are the very cream of hospitality, so we
know from presonal experience, and
any one visiting them would not only
see many things of interest and be able
to add to their store of knowledge, but

time and go away feeling better pleas-
ed with themselves and their fellow-
man.
*
Agrioulturist's Growing Popularity.
We do not believe there is a paper in
the state of Florida that has received
more new subscribers and more re-
newals during the past month than the
Agrieulturist. From all parts of the
state they come, and from out of the
state, as well; South America and Hon-
olulu also contributing. This all goes
to prove that our efforts to improve the
Agriculturist are being appreciated by
those who have been subscribers and
those who have seen the paper for the
first time. This issue of the Agricul-
turist will reach the hands or many
who are not subscribers. To those, we
say, please read the columns and see if
you do not think a year's subscription
would pay you many times its cost.

Editor Florid Agriculturist:
The very great improvement in
your valuable paper I have noted with
appreciative interest and find both the
Fertilizer Departments and Answers to
CorreAspndcnta Department very 9we-
ful to me. Yours truly,
L. T. Clawson.
Westerly, R. I., Sept. 17, 1900.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 53


AMWMfBS TO 00 ESJPONDEJfWS.
This department is dev ted to answering
surh questions as may be asked by our sub
scribers. which may be of general informa-
tlon Enquiries of personal character that
require answer by mail should always have
stamps enclosed.

Editor Florida Agriculturist
My peach trees this summer, showed
a disease the pecukarity of which is
entirely new to me. The first appears
ance was a small purplish spot on the
leaves. The trees on which these spots
appeared did not seem to do as well
as the others, therefore I am afraid
that it is something that will injure
them. If you know anything about the
disease and its remedy, please let me
hear from you. I enclose you one of
the leaves. J. P. H.
The disease of your peach trees is
what is known as "sot hole fungus"
(cykndrosporium padi), which has been
noticed in several places in Florida.
This fungus will yield to the Bordeaux
mixture. The time to apply the spray
is when your new leaves are putting
out in the spring and should be repeat-
ed at intervals of from two to four
weeks. The spray, however should be
discontinued after the fruit gets large
enough so that there is liability of its
being stained and disfigured by the
spray.
-4--
Editor Florida Agriculturist:'
Will you please have Mr. Macy pub-
lish through the columns of the Agri-
culturist, what he intends doing for
the interest of the rice growers of
Florida this year? Does he intend to
buy rice at a reasonable price or does
he intend to take toll for cleaning it
as some of the millers do in the north?
J. R. B.
The copy of the above letter was
sent to Mr. Macy and we publish his
reply:
In reply to your favor inquiring
about my rice mill, I will say; I am
still operating it. Every Saturday and
on large lots any other week day.
Farmers are beginning to raise more
rice and it has encouraged me to keep
a mill. I charge 1-5 toll or 20 cents a
bushel and I keep the chaff or 1-4 toll
or 25 cents a bushel and the farmer
keep every thing. I don't propose to
buy rice. If you wish to publish the
above information to the general pub-
lic, I will thank you to do co. But
just now the business does not war-
rant my paying to advertise it, but I
think it will another year.
Geo. E. Macy.
-4--
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I have some five-year-old Kelsey
plums which bloom every year but
bear no fruit. What is the best thing
to do, to set the fruit. Is cutting
the tap root any good. I should very
much like some advice through your
paper. J. I. A.
We feel like giving you the advice
once given to a boy to cure his dog of
the mange. "Cut his tail off just back
of his ears." If you cut the tap root
off at the collar you will do the most
good as you will not be bothered any
more. The Kelsey plum is a nice fruit
but there is something lacking to make
it fruit satisiactorially in this state.

Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I notice under the head of queries
(Fertilizer Department) you recom-
mend no plowing after trees get in
bearing. Is this advise special to the
young growers of a seedling grove, or
is it intended for general directions?
I plow twice a year shallow, putting
in fertilizer that way, then harrow af-
ter if it is dry till rains begin, drag
down all vegetable growth in the fall
and plow it under after it is nearly all
dead. I have a nice bearing grove. If
your experience commends no plowing
I woula ue glau to know it.
Jno. D. Green.
Seaside Fla.
Our experience is to discontinue


plowing utter thio troou have gained
sufficient bearing capacity. The only
exception being where there is danger
of fire. To sum uD our methods of
cultivating orange trees in a few words
it would be: To make growth, fertil-
ize and cultivate, the oftener the bet-
ter; to make fruit fertilize and give
the trees a chaciie. The more fertili-
zer tie better the chance.

Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Will you be so kind as to tell me how
to destory "cut worms." They are
ruining my strawberry plants. Also
to destroy ground moles and you will
greatly oblige one of your subscrib-
ers. W. H. W.
The best remedy for cut worms is to
poison them with paris green and bran
or flour. To two quarts of bran or
flour add a small teaspoonful of pure
paris green and thoroughly mix.
Sprinkle this mixture around the
plants you wish to protect. The worms
like the flour or bran and eat the poi-
son. A flock of ducks is a good rem-
edy. The ducks will follow down a
row of cabbage and thoroughly sift
the sand around each plant to find the
worms and do but little or no damage
to the plants. For moles saturate some
rags with bi-sulphide carbon and put
in their runs and close the oDenings.
4 *
Results in Full Crops of Fruit.
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonrille, Fla.
Gentlemen:-Your No. 1 Simon Pure
fertilizer has been used by us anli
neighbors since 1895. and the results in
crops of citrus fruits are extremely
satisfactory: there is not a single
brand of fertilizer sold here which
equals it in fruiting quantity and
quality. Those careful growers (and
they are few) who give any practical
thought to the "why and wherefore"
in fertiEzer, cannot be induced to use
other goods. and the reckless growers
are forced to a realization of the merits
of your goods, although not always
able to buy for cash, and having to
take any goods the local merchants
may force on them. Yours truly,
E. N. Reasoner.
Oneco, Fla., Sept. 21, 1900.

CHEAP COLUMN
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
A. B. C. about Belgian Hares. Book by mail
10 cents. All should have it. JAS. M.
OSBORN, Dayton a, Fla. 37x4
FOR SALE--Nursery-\il Grape-fruit Stock,
Mostly budded to Grape-truit and Tanger-
ens. Box 271. Orlanio, Fla. 34t
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. Mann, Man-
ville, Fla. 10x18-100
SMOOTH CAYENNE Pine A ple Plants for
sale. DOPP & WILLIAMS, St. Petersburg.
Florida. 40x13
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. JAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Pla 31tf
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
47tf.
ORANGE TREBS; we have now ready for
de very large one and two years' buds on
rough lemon. WINTER HAVEN NUR-
SERIES.


CONSIGk ORANGES TO



PORTER BROS. CO.,

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.

WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS.

FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRUITS.

CAPITAL STOCK PAID UP $25o,ooo.oo.

CHICAGO. NEW YORK. BOSTON. MINNEAPOLIS. ST. PAUL.



PORTER BROS. CO. OFFICE In Jacksonville is for re-
ceiving consignments of or-
anges from Florida shippers, and distributing them to the northern houses-of
PORTER BRo-. CO., with which it is in daily telegraphic communication.
This enables the management to select the most desirable markets.

NO LOCAL BUSINESS DONE IN JACKSONVILLE.

o Jo EXPRESS and CARLOAD shipments of STRAWBERRIES and VEGETABLES should go
direct to PORTER BROTHERS CO., CHICAGO and NEW YORK. Stencil, Market Quota-
tions, and General Instructions for shipping Florida products supplied from the Jackonvill office.


We have a full supply of
all the best varieties of Or-
S==angese Pomelos, Kumquats,
Orange T e etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. Can show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses and ornamentals. '


CATALOGUE FREE.


Correspondence Solicited.


GLEN ST.MARY NURSERIES,
U. L. TABER, Proprietor,


Olen St. Mary,


S Florida.


FRUIT TREES FREE- HA J
WIHAT WE MEAN

If you will send us one new subscriber to the FLORIDA AG-
RICULTURIST at $2 per year you can send for
the catalogue of

GLEN ST. MARY NURSFRTIS,
And select $1.50 worth of fruit trees, shrubbery or ornamental plants at list price,
and they will be packed and put f. o. b cars at Glen'St. Mary with
M1r. Tabor's guarantee. Address

THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jackonvlle, Floria.



TREES AND PLANTS THAT WILL GROW
IN FLORIDA AND THE TROPICS.

ORANGES and other CITRUS FRUITS grafted on CITRUS TRI-
FOLIATA.
Camphor, Vanilla, Palms, Fruit, Nut and Shade Trees.
Grapes, Small Fruits, Roses, Evergreen Shrubs, Crotons, Bedding
Plants, Etc. ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FREE. Address,
FRUITLAND NURSERIES. P.J. BERCKMANSCO, Austa, Ga.
.4.44Established 185644t0


WANTED CASSAVA-The Planters' Manu-
facturing Co. Lake Mary. Fla. will be lad
to correspond with all persons wishing to
sell CAS.AVA th s fall. either for ctsh or
in exchange for CASSAVA FEED. Early
a will e .. l......


arrangemien s n
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail and WE PAY THE FREIGHT F. G.
postpaid for 256 per dozen. Good sized PERKINS. President. 40x45
plants ready now. W. S. PRESTON,
Auburndale. Fla. 15-tt ORANGE and grapefruit trees for sale of all
GENUINE Pine Apple Orange Buds from the varieties at prices ranging :rom twenty to
GE.UINE Pine Apple Orange Buds from the 1 ,+ l doats. ,r 100 S raftil and buds on
old Bishop Hoyt & Company Grove also few finty dol ars oek read0 or d, iverd ftern
Tangerine and Grape Fruit Buds. GEORGE Otober ; enagerees nw tor all and
L. CARLTON. Pine. Fla. 4x42 Otoberl;eagetreesnow
L T. T. Pine l. 40x4 winter planting 0. W. CONNER, Ockla
waha, Fla. 39x42
POR SALE--475. Cash. Eight acres of high waa. la 39x42
pine la d near DeLand Junction. 5 aces PINEAPPLE PLANTS=-O SALE-
le red. the balance of the tract is in tim- IN E LE FSmooth C :y-
ber. .iddress'. P. M. H. care Agriculturist enneand Ab- REE FR)M IN-
DeLand, Fla. baka Plants
SECTS AND DISEASE. "LAKE-
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland SSECTS AND DISEASE SIDE
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July PINERIES". C. B. Thornton. Orlando,Fla.
planting 25 varieties of 2 and a year 40I42
citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tf. WE HAVE complete list American man-
ufacturers. Can buy for you at lowest
salbXa, ufSu5-frt.a I-i LaOrsl.-TMai isit g vism a d airaat fr- **ach
on sour 3r tritollata stocks. for summer M manins lu r1 6i 2U1-a. n.-
and fall shipment. large assortment fine gines, boilers, incubators, windmill, or
trees. Write or prices. GLBN ST. MARY anything wanted. Correspondence so-
NURSERIBS, O ~i aber, Proprietor, Glen I cited. AMERICAN TRADES AGENCY
t.i-Mary Fla. 31tf I Jacksonville, Fa.


FOR SALE-Two and one-half acres land.
one and one-half acres bearing pines, eight
room house, barn, packing house, tools, etc.
All in first class condition. Property ont
good street in city limits. For particulars
address, WRIGHT & STAHL, Orlando.
Fla. 40x43
BELGIAN HARES-Young from the follow-
ing strains. Champion Fashoda, Prince
Pashoda, Blooming Heather, Lord Britian,
Sir St lea. Any from above for from $8.00
ro $7.00. Also Prince Fashoda,-aire,
Champion Fashoda winner of more prizes
than any Buck ever imported to America
A. E CRAWFORD, 270 N. Fremont Ave.,
Los Angeles, Cal. 39x41

Orange and Kum Quat
Nursery Stock.
Pecan Treess and Nuts forseed and
table. Also a general line of Fruit
Trees, Roses, Shrnbs, etc. Prices.
low. Freight paid.
suMMIT NURSERIES,
D, L. Pierson, Prop.,
Motlcello, FIt.








STHE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

burlap across my lap, and began In the BroU t RosM to HBr Chek
center. As it was tiresome to work at
A a itt long at a time I made up my mind HOW A WEAK, SICKLY GIRL WAS
M h /to do Just so much each day, more itHOW
PW1 W UW I wished, but a certain amount had to MADE WELL AND STRONG.
wo& rr Bbe accomplished. Some times it was
only two or three flowers or a foot or Uins ra JLnormi YR TOP
-D ER two of border. But in time I found ow wt t Dr. W
myself the possessor of a "thing ofink o Pa P
beauty." It measures nearly two The rlaed byMin F2Mes IL N=6
M e the food move d c a d Wwholesome yards in length and not quite a yard lk, 301 Onondgs aS iztrst NX. Y,
mr owPOm-Woa oo, rN roV. in width. The center is a large oblong ft exactly the cam of thousand of yo
of flowers and green leaves, the girls of her age.
flowers having the appearance of being Wea and la i blood ei al to tl
Imbedded on a back-ground of green. ptef au. ofd, ffa o hA.*
BOUmIDOLD DMPAIBRI'I fn pans, greased; or bake it in thin blamb edded o n a bacr g nd o eens e. It is a disease kaowis
n communications or enqr for this de- sheet in a biscuit tin. Salt to taste. m black borer six nches wde seems ia lnt g
apartment should be ddrsed to Batter Cakes.-One cup grated cas- to make the center still brighter. Then median reqn i in bf
F R RUkncomes a very gay border of many col-dnere n e sad
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, sava; two cups corn meal; one egg, or, same width, then another darker kin iablood i nerve Pils for Pa
Household Dept. Jacksonville. well beaten; one tablespoonful of melt- colored border. Would have prefer- e wiui t Pink P fomrk Pale Pes
ed butter, salt to taste: one-half tea colored border. I uld have prefer- w rmak.
nuo .sty spoonful of soda, ftse with corn material gI h Beo th I I8 S ti8 hrliw
Character speaks in the counten- meal; sour milk or butter milk to make material ev on garment not tooh
ance. Every thought, whether pleas- a very thin batter.light can be used n the plated rugs.
ant or gloomy, benevolent, or mall- Su aidior bttermil vary s They are useful in the kitchen, for
much n acidity that any batter mixed door mats or even in a plainly furnish-
clous, has its accompanying expres- with them had better be tasted and d ed room on a plalve the c untr.
sion; and every thought, like every ac- the proportion of soda changed, to bedroom oneves Inthcontr.
has a tendency to reproduce avoid the risk of finding out too M. A. B.
ton, has a tendency to reproduce late that the whole mass is mpalatable urkey Creek, Fla.
self and bring others of the same char- and unwholesome from too much orTh Guest Chaber
acter in its train. This gives rise to too little soda. he Gust anamb.
habits of thought, sometimes good, Cassava Custard.-Grate one pound Editor HousehoM Department.
tmes bad, which very soon make of cassava, moisten with a little wa- The room set apart for the use of
sometimes bad which very soon ma ter and allow it to stand 15 minutes. company should, if possible, be situ-
themselves apparent in the counten- Drain off a half cupful of the liquid. ated on an upper floor, and should be
dance. If we have cheerful thoughts Add a pint of milk; three eggs beaten well lighted and ventilated. Nothing
our faces will soon become bright and very light, yolks and whites together, contributes more to the enjoyment of
cheery, If gloomy or angry passions a lump of butter half as big as an egg: a guest than a pleasant bed room, and SFSA Aa
are uppermost in the mind, we will three tablespoonu of augar flavor with thoughtful care should be given its gritnI 17 of
nutmeg. Bake in a bowl, about three- rangement. It should be furnished as ated nd run don iall I w
have a correspondingly gloomy or quarters of an hour, covering to pre- well as can be afforded, but if econ- extremely nervous, had no appeto sad m
scowling expression. It is by cultiva- vent an early scorching. omy is to be considered, let it be done blood became o thin that there was meel
ting kindness of heart and cheerfulness Cassava Frittere.-Grate one pound in carpet, chairs or curtains, rather t ma in myme. Mh of the tm I
of mind that we can grow beautiful. of cassava. Add one teaspoonful of than the bed, which is by all means eld nly w akshort ditace. TheI t
soda mixed with a tablespoonful of the most important furnishing of the exerese would brin on shortness rfdbt
But few are endowed with beauty of flour; soften with milk or water till it chamber. It should be comfortable, and in in the side. ammtimess l
feature, but every one can cultivate will drop by spoonfuls into hot lard and of course scrupulously clean. The "hardijer al thi t deleas wt
such a disposition that it will give an Deep frying is best. Don't forget to mattress should be either a spring Irinag l dirat d eIaeso e
indescribable charm to the face. salt the mixture. The addition of a mattress or a good hair. Blankets are mnedieie dverted to emn ra ei.
little sugar makes a fine sweet fritter the most desirable covering, being a I had but they did me so gool.
Beauty of feature only lasts a few to serve with meats warm and light, as well as long to "I saw Dr. Wilihm' Pink PW ir Pal
short years, unless the character is in cassava Puddinr--One cupful gi wear. meopt vertie in the pers ad
harmony witn It, wnie the plainest grated eassava and one pint of milk A dresser wltn roomy arawers, a I proenud some mmr. My ppesto
face will take on the light of heaven boiled together for five minutes (be lounge with an easy chair and a small proved, my nerve beame sta Md
careful that it doesn't stick). Beat table are all indispensable articles, within a short time I pined ovr twer .
if the life is full of good thoughts and thr Hair brushes, combs, nail and clothes ae pond wei My
three eggs thoroughly with half cup of uUIe, k o t, a pin chion m d and alI a dism
deeds. sugar. Pour over this the milk and el su e ittn, a pi o When they were h lehd I e was
,"What is beauty, not the show cassava slowly, beating all the time, till well supplied with pin, a pair of scis- eed and am in gd health, have a
Of faultless sors, with a small work box or bas- Solerandappetiteanda aswllr.
Of faultless face and features, no. the mixing is complete. Add a pinch et,containingneedles thread, tape "I have rmmd r.Wm Pik
Tis the stainless soul within, of salt; butter half the size of an egg, buttons, thimble, and other conven- P to many ethes d will be tIn
That outshines the fairest skin." flavor to taste, bewaring of too much fences that will make a guest feel at a er any I iri f the
Vanilla. Bake in a bowl, like a bread home. p f.or ( V F1o M. l
salmon ol. pudding. Mrs. H. E. Stockbridge. Fo the work stand, nail and hand At s or direct rD
For the wor stand, naila
One can of salmon, li soda Oaceli- Lake city. Pla bftish, good toilet soap, a bottle of col. L5m Mckoige CaPM & 6mnmmr.,
er, one tablespoonfl of better, one ogne or bay-rum, a box of powder, a ooM S rt, p r l a irh; e
era, one tables l of b oe bout gs. jar of vaseline, a bottle of glycerine
onion chopped fine, two eggs well beat- Editor HousehoM Department. with a pitcher of fresh water, and a
en, salt and pepper to taste. Mix well Much has been written about rug plentiful supply of clean towels. On FOR A
together and mold into a roll. Wrap in making, but I have never described the table should be placed a writing F SAL
a buttered tissue paper, place in a pan mine, at least not to the Household desk, furnished with ink stand, pens,
and bake brown. This Is quickly pre- sisters. I have a good many home paper, postal cards, and stamps, thus AT A
made rugs. but as so many friends making it convenient and pleasant for pe I a
par d and In a delicrlon way to nerve have admired a certain one or them. guests to write in the seclUilon of their S eclal Bargain
salmon. I will tell about the making of it, and own room without calling on the fam-
* perhaps others who want to make ily to supply the needed articles for ON EASY TERMS.
Table Use of Casv them but who look upon it as a dread- writing. Several fine bearing orange and
Table Uses e am ed task. may follow the plan I mapped Of course there are many luxuries grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
Editor HousehoM Department. out for myself. I had worsted. flan- which will beautify and adorn the fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
In preparing for cooking I always nel and cotton smra p In abundance. "le?!_O r9, if they can be afforded, but tlt6h to twenty-Ave per cent on In-
scrape off the brown coating. It grates but like many others looked upon mak- when they cannot a clean, neat room, vestment this year.
easily and the grater, if washed off at ing rugs as a long. tedious undertaking. with a show of thoughtfulness for the
once in cold water, and dried before I made up my mind that make one I occupant, cannot fail to be appreciated. Lyle & Co., .Brtow, .
being put away, gives no trouble. would, and so I did. to my entire satis- Elza R. Parker.
In making cassava meal, .wash the faction, for "Perserverence conquers."
root thoroughly and slice thin with I first cut my scraps into strips Shall Use No Other. THE U. S. LIVE STOCK REMI DY has
either a sharp knife or with some veg- about a quarter of an inch wide and E. 0. Painter & Co., Jackeostvile, Fla. pro wend Ohie ken Cholera and
table slicer. Dry by spreading in the rolled the strips into balls, each color Gentlemen:-Since the freeze of 1895 indre It also n f con-
sun, for a day or two. turning about, to itself, we have used no other fertilizer than dition powder. las ae increasing. I
or by setting in the oven, and keeping I had a variety of colors-several the Simon Pure brand put up by you, your dealer don't keep I t we wl mail
it tossed about to dry evenly. When shades of red. white, pink, dark blue. and have been perfectly satisfied with It t you on reoeipt of price 2bc per
thoroughly dry grind it in a cofee-or light blue, gray. black, tan, lilac and results. My little grove of eight acres b. Aberal discount to dealers ISAAC
spice-mill very fine. and sift to insure a great deal of green of different is the admiration 9f all who Wce It. MOROGAN. AWnt. Klulmms 7. U 1
evenness of the meal. Ihad(lo. Next I arrange two pieces of Three years ago I used a half ton. two
Boiled and then sliced and baked in a burlap one upon the other smoothly, years ago 1400 pounds, last spring 900 THE GATULNO GUN JACK.
dish, with a little water and sugar and then turned the edges in and basted pounds, all Simon Pure No. 1. Ever -Pull the trigger-to oil.
a dash of spice. it rivals the so-called them together. Then I planned the since I began to use your manures my Ptentl.
"dressed sweet potatoes." pattern by which I was to make It., ove has had dark sen y olor with y ltent
uit Inat shnrt Dirt- and baked. it and marked it upon the nuslap with very large large leaes, and until I fnd F
tastes almost as good as sweet pota- pen and ink. Borders I made straight a better brand shall use no other.
toes. by using a board the width I wished J. H. Harner. A ls
Cassava Bread. (Egg bread).-Two to make the border. There was noth- Fruitland Park. Fla., Sept. 19, 1900. w
cups of cassava meal; two cups of ing more to do now but the interesting
corn meal; two eggs well beaten: but- part, that of drawing the colored strips tools in 1. Removes the burr. takes off and
ter the size of an egg: one-half tea- through the burlap. with a larre cro- holds wheel, oils the spindle. Work done in
spoon of sr--r; one-half teaspoonful chet needle. Mine was made from an one minute without handling burr or wheel.
of soda. sifted with meal; sour umbrella rib. and being rough, caught pressly for itself as o orsed by ltea mde bug-
milk or buttermilk to make a thin better than a smoother one would have y mfgs. Age tsr uks ts Si a day. Send 1
muffin-like batter. Pour into muf- done. I had no frame so just held the mAdgalma damoT tr. to agentki









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. -V
VoJumEl AJND HAB DU P T- Put your nesting boxes so that the rats Lettuce for U6 On Woo. DO YOU GET UP
a1HNT. can not climb to them or drop down Lettuce is the best green feed" we
An communications or enquiries for this from some overhanging object. See have ever tried for chickens in con- WITH A LAME BACK
department should d e addrhaessd to f, fnement. They will turn from clover A LA E
FLORIDA AGRICITURIST, that the pigeons have plenty of food in any form and greedily devour let-
Poultr Dept Jacksonville, and water and you will have no trouble tuce in any stage of its growth, if it Kdey Trubk Makes You Miserabl.
to increase your flock. It is a good is given them fresh or any time before Almt e y wo r s te
Free Bange vs. Conifnoment. plan to introduce new male birds oc- it wilts. An ordinary sied breeding Alos evry who rad the ne
There is more or less discussion go- casionally. pen, say from five to ten, will eat about papers is sure to know of the wonderful
There is more or less discussion go- asionally. This can be done by leav- eight good sized inches or stalks rs Sam
ing on all the time on the question of ing the new bird in a wire box near the three or four times a week, and eat it them' kidney, ivero
tree range or confinement for poultry. nesting boxes for a week or more and clean, too. By drilling it quite thick t and bladder remedy.
Tha braedlr of fanny sralin must of then turn him loose. in rows and cutting (not Dulling) it It is the great met-
~Thf brarr of fat r J t n mu of '!sei iho ground tn vthn alna it J;fMasi Mf{taal &
necessity keep his fowls confined if he Teeding Belgian areas for Meat for fowls, a little "patch" of ground teenth century; dis-
expects to raise more than one breed,or may be made to yield a sufficient covered after years of
he cannot for a certainty sone preedr The question is often asked by those amount for quite a flock during an en- sientifR research b
he cannot for a certainty sell pure interested or contemplating raising tire season. Try it, and we are quite U Dr. Kilmer, the emi-
eggs. To him the question does not their own or someone else's hares, sure you will arrange for quite a patch r - nent kidney and blad-
apply, for the word is must with him, "does it pay for meat?" I contend that next spring.-Interstate Poultryman. der specialist, and is
and therefore he schools himself along it most decidedly does, and I know wonderfully successful in promptly curing
whereof I speak, as I have repeatedly Cooking Chicken in Camp. lame back, kidney, bladder, uric acid trou-
that line, till he more than half be- put ten to twenty young bucks six blesandBright's Disease, which is the worst
lieves that to confine fowls is the only weeks old (just weaned) into my corral Remove the crop and entrails, but form of kidney trouble.
proper way to raise them. After try- and weighed their rolled barley to not the feathers. Wet those to make Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root is not rec-
Sp the em two or three times a week having them ke smoothly, and cover with a ommendedforeverythingbutifyouhavekid-
Sbth plans, we have come to the fleeing box th paste of flour nd water. Make a fire ney, liver or bladder trouble it will be found
conclusion that on an average, it will w hopper sped se andiffdng b a in a hollow of sand, and when it is justthe remedy you need. Ithas beentested
will hold ten pounds, and if feeding for
pay better to raise only one breed and meat, I give them all they tan eat pretty well burned out put the chicken n so many ways, in hospital work, in private
give them full range, and make a spec- which will average for first month. (in- upon the embers and cover with hot practice, among the helpless too poor topur-
II!TJ or fnat jgalWr, Ng gs Ma be d-tling hbe_ of whllh th wli a ahoa lRalrko one hour trv off tho chase relief and has proved so successful in
eral breeds and have to build hoses the same value,) 5 cents. Second doiibh. fed WmIn it Will id tI en madabywhih la readersll oin thets ppens
ra breeds and have to bd houses month eight cents. They are then feathers and skin. Serve with salt, been made by which readers othipe
and yards to keep them to themselves, three and one-half months old and the pepper and butter and you have a dish swho ample sent free by trmail, also a book
and to furnish all the food, water and bucks should be separated from the fit for a king or for the jolliest set of telling more about Swamp-Root and how to
grit they require. With only one breed does. They should now weigh between campers in our republican America.-- find out if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
one hen house is all that is ne cessy four and fve pounds. an are at Salle Joy White, in the August W- hen writing mention readingthis generous
man's Home Companion, offer in this paper and
one hen house Is all that Is necessary age to sell though I have kept them an-* offer n this paper and
and the fowls can have full range of other month and made it pay.-East * I send your address toBn
the place and during a larger part of Los Angeles Breeder. The Value of Hare Meat. Dr.Kilmer&Co.,Bing-19
the season, can forage enough to make * Dr. A. S. Heath, of New York City, hamton, N. Y. The
the greater part of their living. With Keep to Purity. writes to the California Cultivator as regular fifty cent and goos afwlaap-e
With It is no question of ad. but a com- follows:"There should be hundreds o do sizes a sold by all gooddruggist
free range, the hens will lay more eggs. mercial fact, that the pure breeds lay thousands of dollars' worth of rabbit
and will very seldom call on the "doe- as well, they fatten as well. as the meat shipped to our hoolitals and san- TOBACCO DUSTS
tor'- tfo any ielicine or treatment for monrels and Il6 contiugent chanees tearutfms. Fsr aigestibtlity an nutri-
diseases that seem to creep into the of profit In extra prices obtained for tive value there is no meat comparable If your fowls are troubled with lice
dim to crep io e pure breeds give them the decided ad- with that of the rabbit. Beef gives 55 or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 130
coops of confined fowls in spite of all vantage. First crosses with pure breeds per cent of net nutriment, mutton, 65, pounds of tobacco dust and sprinkle
proeantions taken to keep tha hbirFr 9 MnlaS llBy glYJ bhishr nTrrnEra in pork. 71. chicken, 10. while rabbit meat it in your eoops. The tolgoeo is guar-
healthy. An Ideal poultry farm would egg production for the season, but yields 83 per cent of digestible nutri- anteed to be unlele&al. Stlia 2 cent
be one large enough so that the differ- one has to set against this advan- ment far superior to any other meats, tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Co.,
tage the breeding losses in the second "If obtainable rabbit meat should be Jacksonville, Fla.
ent breeds could be kept far enough season, prescribed for fever patients, aged and
apart so that they would not get to- Taking prices all around, it pays the feeble persons, consumptives and an- C :B I
gether, and yet have free range, best to keep to purity, and breed aemic patients by New York physi- Parties intending visiting Cuba will
* among your pure breeds for the best clans." do well to correspond with me about
Egg Producer, layers or table birds, whichever may * lands, etc. Use 50. postage.
The thing that every poultry rai- be your particular object. So many Perfectly atisfactory. THOS. R. TOWNS,
ras- hrbr"fr hno- no obcct Thar do not V, V, J'. A C;., J~-lr nU, p;',. .ulenn ;aena, Cuoa.
or wants to know, is how to ;5tthe at rb t T h o t E v- pafnw f w- /sgs^5" pl@* Quieurs linena, Cuba.
er wants to know, Ia how t gPt the much care either way. To such, of Gentlemen: -In reply to yours of the P. delRio Province.
best egg producing food for his fowls course, we have nothing to say.-Rural 18th will say that the fertilizers re-
at a minimum cost. The food that World. ceived from E. O. Painter & Co., have 1 1 i t 1 H It
gives the most protein to the fowls, is been perfectly satisfactory in every re-
dried bloods thThe Breed That Pays. aspect. Respectfully, Iti 'l" W il tiaJ.
drid blood. As this article can e Raise what the public demands, and T. H Chambers To P F -
bought anl Wept aons !Ma "ifS a "15 1 sIL a r s4 at maah money To ClotS Page -eng
spolkng, every poultry raiser should than by following your own inelina- atprenmi PBei ou betrorlernon auwalalcs.
have a spplyonhand. It should b ons. Many old breeders can remember EE TOP Lmu es, ad
have a supply on hand. It should be when the Black Spanish fowls were G AT T E TOP eL OlWIRItE1 0O.I, tII. AIC.
fed in mash, at the rate of a pint to very popular and the breeders of the *to,",hW. av~.m ot..mdu-.eSu .. CIN WImK
a bucketful of mixed feed. If this is Plymouth Rock and Wyandottes could -2 rl et rsCl Pgllly LM BOek E WHPIISK
kept up the fowls will do as well with hardly find a purchaser for his stock. fclioninte W- itE M Hb om y ss
a vegetable diet as on the meat or ani- Then the American Domniques came f. .oM S reat rsmt Addrrm a
into fashion. and the rage was all for Tmic w-ld am ie M. WOOLLEY, M.D. Atlanta, Ca.
mal food diet. The fowls require large that breed. But, like the first, these ba dase s. r-es.e, d- U. I- 51lt-ollS
quantities of ammonia producing food, birds had their day: they have 3A It S S s co. !P Tr,,s m
such as imeats, bugs, etc., to enable passed out of popular notice, and the TvaTom'I uloa s
them to lay larger quantities of eggs Plymouth Rocks, Wyandottes and Western Poultry Farm
and in dried blool we have a Minorcas are in demand. These arery a ,SE MARDEI.
and dried blood we have a large the profitable breeds today. They have MARSHALL, MO. .1 as. osrs.- Ms
amount of ammonia, the largest to be great merits, too. independent of any 4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25e.
found in any animal food and in a fashion and the breeders would hate It tells how to make poultry relaing The Practical
form that is comparatively cheap. to see them go out of vogue unless profitable. It is up to dte. page SIMP
Something better was developed.- Snd to y. We sell best Auimd k ill-SI
F er for Z5 ets per gallon. hlmnlnum log BARBED
ata I ru a. Michiean Farmer. N, o, p a ,r w Aa Um ml
--.. --......... 4 + SS s w so I B 8 t0 trBaM B
Ndtor Pootry Department. Canning Chickens. H GROIUND OYS. PMCB o.:
I am very much interested in the T. P. Terry tells in the Practical HENS TEETH TR SHELLS. V. SCHMELZ
Poultry and Hare department and Farmer of a poultry man who cans
have been watching it for some time chickens. When the roosters get large To properly digest its food the fowl SylvanLake, Fla
in hopes of seeing something on pig- enough to suit him, he dresses and must have grit. What teeth are to the "Certifleate Am. Inst. Fair."
eons. Sometime ago I bought a lot of cans enough to last about a year for human being grit is to the fowl. We
pigeons and they seemed to do well his family use. The roosters are cut up. can now furnish ground oyster shells,
and multiply very fast and I was in boiled and then packed in two quart from freshly opened oysters, from
hopes that I would soon have some cans, all air spaces being filled with which all the dust anc dirt has been
sakse Is nssi Aft ir a while their grayi Tiln tim nBuns up sise1ss jgunt acrCeenedl to aunPiX this rit which sl
ceased to appear and one by one I lost as though you were putting up fruit. lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
my pigeons till the flock is now This plan has a number of advan- Goods very inferior to ours and full S f
smaller than when I began. Can you tages. In the first place you have a of dust have been selling for $1.00 to
give me any information as to what day or two at the job. and it is done $1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now Alway eheapr
caused the loss and what I should do for the season. Again one does not offer it at inthe nd thananryneds
to get them to increasing again? have to board the roosters until such a 100 lb bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville. t on ot hal f m h.
kTes AIlted, true to namq fwh end
Sixteen-year-old. time as they may be wanted to eat. Help your fowls by giving them rlable. AlwaysatoB ms. Ask
The trouble is evidently depredations and one has spring chicken the year plenty of clean grit. for Ferry's-take no other
of rats. They not only break and car- round. And then, perhaps, the great- E. 0. PAINTER & Co., Jacksonville, wite for ISSeednnua
ry away the eggs but will eat the est gain is that the chickens are al- Fla .aHd, 6 .,.k
asng Ynar "iasall l. ways cooked and ready for an emer- Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
am e la YT "u eMona doadm lit an- c ria t ln f WUi Wa i r a Bi iscr aa rwm in it" idman oar is- t
doubtedly due to the attack of rats. hour or so before dinner. tilising Materials.


I I









596 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


A SHERIFF'S SALE.

No one was greatly surprised when
it was announced that Lyman Hart's
home and household effects were to
be sold at public auction by the sheriff
of the county. He had "failed," and
now he was to be "sold out." Many of
his neighbors said they were "dreadful
sorry for the Harts." They declared it
was "all Lyman's own fault."
Old Nat Dake, the richest man in
town, and one who had never been
known to give away a dollar, said,
sagely,-
"It is all very well to talk about gen-
'rosity, but there's such a thing as be-
ing just before you generous, and I've
told Lyman Hart so many a time. No
man can give away as reckless as he
did and keep a roof over his head.
Charity's all right, but the place for it
to begin is at home. There ain't been
a week in the past ten years when
Lyme Hart ain't had some one hangin'
on to him that hadn't no claim on him
an' that he'd ought to have sent to the
poorhouse. And now he's being sold
out because he can't pay his taxes nor
the mortgages on his place and furni-
ture."
Nat Dake did not add, but every one
knew, that he held most of the notes
and mortgages Lyman Hart could not
pay. They knew that these notes and
mortgages called for a rate of inter-
est higher than old Nat Dake could
have exacted had he not taken advan.
tage of Lyman Hart's extreme neces-
sity.
They knew further that Nat Dake had
long coveted the Hart farm because it
adjoined his own, and that he secret-
ly rejoiced over the distress which en-
abled him to take the farm from Ly-
man. Hart.
Even his kinder and truer friends
were of the opinion that Lyman Hart
had not been wise.
"He has taken in and done for them
that had no earthly claim on him,"
said garrulous old Ann Haskins, who
had known Lyman from his boyhood.
!an iwoefs sFmrw Tor mnm was sincere.
"What earthly claim did his cousin's
widow and her three children have on
him that he should keep them a whole
year after his cousin died and left
them without a penny in the world?
"And when old Nancy David's hus-
band died and they was taking her to
the poor farm, if Lyman Hart didn't
meet the keeper of the poor farm with
old Nancy in his wagon, and because
she was wailing and crying, what did
Lyman do? He just got right out of
his wagon and lifted her and her poor
little bundle of clothes into it and took
her home with him. and kept her there
until she died, two years later.
"He said he did it because old Nan-
cy and his mother had been great
friends, and because he said Nancy had
been good to him when he was a boy
and had nursed his mother through her
last sickness. That was Lyman Hart
all over."
Lyman. in his great generosity. had
often loaned money unwisely. He had
HR n-asf Iag Tar fl snmsra DsarsaRem Tr
were unfortunate. and he had had very
many of the notes to pay. The gen-
erous man had recognized, possibly
without sufficient carefulness, the
high law comprehended in the
words "Bear ye one another's bur-
dens." This had made him a brother to
any one in trouble, and opened his
heart to every cry of the needy. And
now he was to be sold out under the
red flag of the sheriff!
Every one knew that old Nathaniel
Dake would bid in the house and farm
for he held heavy mortgages upon
them and there was no one else in the
neighborhood able to buy them. The
householdd furniture, livestock and
farming utensils were also to be sold
under chattel mortgage, and the good
man and h's wife and their children
would be left almost penniless.
Lyman had a chrerful and hopeful
spirit, but it was not to be wondered
at that he was much cast down when
the day of the sale came. He was sad-
dened as much by the knowledge of
the fact that those he- had trusted had
been untrue to him as by the loss of


his belongings. His plans for the fu-
ture were vague and unformed. He
was unfitted for anything but farming
and he did not wish to engage in any
other occupation. He would, he said,
"begin over again," but he did not
know where or how he was to begin.
The day of the sale dawned clear
and bright. There had rarely been a
fairer June day. The long piazza in
front of the house was filled with fur.
nature and all sorts of household ar-
ticles soon to be scattered far and
wide. The neighbors and strangers
came in great numbers to the sale, and
tramped heavily in and out of the dis-
mantled rooms, some of them even
peering into closets and drawers. They
all agreed in this-that it was "too
bad" but most of them added that Ly-
man Hart had "brought it on himself."
The sale began at ten o'clock, when
the house and farm were "put up" by
Ben Jarrold, the auctioneer from the
town five miles distant. He stood on
the porch and read in a strident voice,
the order of the court for the sale of
the property. Then he took off his
coat and hat, pushed up his shirt-
sleeves as if preparing for a hand-to-
hand conflict, and called out,-
"And now, ladies and gentlemen.
how much am I offered for this fine
property, worth six thousand dollars if
it's worth a cent? Fifty acres of it are
under cultivation and one hundred
more in pasture and woodland, with a
good ten-room house, fine barn and
other buildings all thrown in. Here
they are, ladies and gents. The place
would be dirt cheap at six, or even sev-
en thousand dollars, and I'm offered-
how much? How much do I hear to
start the thing?"
"One thousand dollars," said a small
man with a squeaky voice, standing
directly below the auctioneer.
"One thousand dollars!" roared the
auctioneer. "Put that man out!If I hear
an offer of less than four thousand dol-
lars there'll be trouble."
"Four thousand dollars!" called out
Nat Dake, in his bold harsh voice.
"nwr tharta aniwentus l lua. aatl
Ben Jarrold. "but it Isn't enough. Give
me another bid! It's worth eight thous-
and dollars this minute."
On the outskirts of the crowd a man
whom no one knew called out, in a
loud distinct voice,-
"Five thousand dollars!"
Every one turned and looked at him.
Old Nat Dake started and stared at
the stranger with a scowl. His mort-
gages was for four thousand dollars.
and he expected to bid in the farm --r
that sum. His savage glance did not
disturb the stranger. He was a tall
man, not over thirty years of age. with
a smooth, sunburned face.
"Now that is something like, ladies
and gents!" roared Ben Jarrold. "Five
thousand dollars will do very well to
begin with. but it isn't near its value.
I'm offered five thousand dollars. Five
thousand, five thousand, am I offered
six?"
"Fifty-one hundred!" called out Nat
Dake.
-I- i -Fys Nlarm:K::" NRM t s iFtf
eor and poor Lyman's sad face bright-
tened. This would enable him to pay
all of his debts and save his furniture.
and farming implements.
Dake's face was dark with rage. and
his keen gray eyes flashed as he snarl-
ed out,-
"Fifty-six hundred!"
"Fifty seven!" cried the stranger.
"Fifty-eight hundred!" cried Nat
Dake between his set teeth. He loved
money but he loved his own way. and
he would spend his dearly pri,',"
ey rather than be thwarted in anything
on which he had set his heart.
"Fifty-nine hundred!" called out the
stranger coolly.
"Six thousand!" almost shrieked
Nat Dake; whereupon the stranger
called out,-
"Seven thousand!"
"Ahar That Is something like!" ex-
claimed the auctioneer. gleefully iru-
bing his hands. "How is it. Brother
Rake? Will you make it seven thous-
and five hundred?"
Nat Dake hesitated a moment; then
he said savagely,-


(ONSUMPTION


"Yes, I will!"
"Good enough!" said Ben. "And what
will the gentleman- "
"Eight thousand!" exclaimed the gen-
tleman; whereupon Nat Dake livid
with rage, mounted the piazza steps
and called out, defiantly,-
"Who be you, and how does any one
know that you're making a real bony
fidy bid? There's some trick about this!
People ain't around giving eight thous-
and dollars for five or six thousand
dollar farms! Who be you, and what
proof have we got that you mean what
you say?"
The stranger came forward, mount-
ed the steps, and stood on the other
side of Ben Jarrold.
"My name," he said, "is Harvey Mer-
cer, and here is evidence of my good
faith."
He drew forth a large leather wal-
let bulging with bills, and held it up
for all to see.
"Some of you," he said, "remember
David Mercer who lived here many
years ago."
"I do." cried several voices at once.
"He was my father and I was born
on the old Mercer place down by the
ferry about two miles from here. Ly-
man Hart and my father were boys
together, and when after they were
men trouble came to my father, Mr.
Hart befriended him many ways. He
became security on my father's note
of fifteen hundred dollars, and the first
mortgage the generous man put on this
place. I am told was to raise the
money to Ta.., that note.
"My father went to the west, where
he engaged in mining, but for twenty-
five years he experienced nothing but
ill luck. He knew worse poverty there
than ever he knew here, until three
months ago, when in western parlance.
he 'struck it rich.'
"But his good fortune came too late
for him to enjoy it. While preparing
for a trip east for the purpose of mak-
ing restitution to his creditors he was
taken ill, and died after a week's ill-
ness. Among his last instructions to
me was the request that T should
inei senat ana pay Lymain Hart ths
money due him. with full interest.
More than this. he charged me to add
to it any sum that might be needed to
free Lyman Hart from debt. I was
urged to do this to show my father's
love and gratitude to one who. he said
was the friend of the friendless and
the helper of the helpless. My friends.
I am here to pay that debt."
There was a wild outburst of an-
olanui. In the midst or which T.yman
Hart stole forward and put his arms
around Harvey Mercer and hid his
bearded face on the young man's
shoulder.
When the anplause had died away
Nat Dake. his face a picture of baf-
fled desire and fierce resentment, said
sneeringly,-
"All right. young man. all right. but
'i won't he very long before Lvme
Hart will be sold out by the sheriff
again, if he's as big a fool in the fu-
ture as he has been in the past."
"When that time comes, we will
nw TMRa anmite aRIPfs m van UR R1wue
him a deht of erai4tude will come to
his relief." said Harvev Mercer; and
the crowd cheered again, while the
discomfited creditor stalked down the
stens, thumping each step savagely
with his cane,
In ten minutes Lyman Hart's neigh-
bors. men and women, were at work
nutting down carpets and carrying in
furniture and old Ann Haskins said to
Susan Marsh. as they made a bed to-
rether in one of the bedrooms that
had been restored to order.-
"I allus have thought, an' I allus
will think, an' I allus have said. an' I
allus will say, that the Lord don't al-
low any good deed to go unrewarded.
He puts it down in the book of His
remembrance, an' some time, and in
some way. He lets it be known that
He ain't forgot it."
"I rcKoni you're rignt. Ann.' said

"I know that you are." said Lyman
Fnart who chanced to overhear what
Ann had said.-Waverly Magazine.
Can't you earn one of our premiums
Can't you earn one of our premiums?


__


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S
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THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 59t


LIKE ONE OF THOSE.

Martha Staunton was not the sort of
a girl a wise person would overlook.
What there was about her to distin-
guish her from the rest of the village
girls one could scarcely have told, but
the fact was that they were always
spoken 9f % "Martbh Staunton and
the girls."
It was not strange that she was dif-
ferent from the other girls, for both her
parentage and her education had been
different. Her father, a promising
young minister, together with his fair
young wife were killed in a railroad ac-
cident, leaving this tiny baby girl with
nothing for a heritage but a sound
mind and body and a small library-a
library, however, that had been select-
ed wlth the greatest care and Intelli-
gence. This little one, taken by her
grandmother to the vine-covered cot-
tage in Hughestown, reigned supreme
from the moment of her entrance. Hav-
ing now arrived at her nineteenth sum-
mer, she presented a beautiful type of
the old fashioned modesty and virtue
combined with the eagerness and am-
bition of the girl of to-day.
The monthly sewing circle was the
center of Hughestown society. It was
no small distinction to be counted
among its members. There were, first,
Vernie and Bessie Alien, the banker's
two daughters, who had been off to a
seminary for two whole years. Their
unusual attainments gave them undis-
puted authority in all discussions.
Then there was Emma Sharp, the
school teacher from the city, well-bred
and gracious; Mary Grey, too, who
could boast of neither wealth nor
schooling but what was far more val-
uable, a brother-big, teasing John
Grey, the most daring of all the youths,
and the handsomest young man in
Hughestown. Martha also had been ad-
mitted under the protecting wing of
Emily Sharp, who from the first had
received her unlimited adoration, and
was in return her special friend and
guardian.
On the afternoon of which I write the
circle was to meet at the Aliens' pre-
tentious home. It being the last meet-
ing before Emily Sharp's departure for
the summer vacation, the young men
had been invited to join them in the
evening (the Aliens never lost an op-
portunity of inviting the young men),
and all was in readiness. A ring at the
bell. It was John Grey, holding his
horse at the gate until Mary should be
safe inside.
"I'm so glad to see you," Vernie said.
kissing her effusively, while Bessie
snatched the opportunity to run to the
gate.
"Of course you'll be here to-night,"
she said, with her most bewitching
smile.
"To be sure," he answered."you don't
suppose I could resist, do you?" with
a mocking bow.
"Have you heard the news?"
"What news?"
"Emily Sharp is going to teach in
Philadelphia next year, and Martha
Staunton has her place here."
"Yes-no-you don't say so! That's
a pretty big undertaking for her."
"For which one?"
John bit his lip, but answered quick-
ly, "Emily Sharp."
"She'll soon get wrinkled and cross it
she goes to teaching in the city," said
Bessie, a remark which was entirely
lost on John, who was watching two
girlish figures coming down the street.
"Here they are now! Hello, fair la-
dies!" he called with an easy familiar-
ity so natural to him. "It's a pity I
couldn't be my sister just for this after-
noon. Imagine a poor fellow knowing
you girls were in there and having to
stay out side." He stepped into
his buggy. "Good-afternoon, ladies."
But he looked straight at Martha
Staunton, and with a sweeping flourish
of his hat drove off.
The attendance was unusually large
this afternoon. When the embroider-
ing and patchwork were all under way
the conversation naturally drifted to
the young men, and some one ventured
to remark that "Martha would make
a lovely sister-in-law for any one, and
Mary Grey is to be congratulated."
At this audacious remark all eyes
were turned on Martha. Her cheeks


flushed a little, but her eyes remained
fixed on her work.
"Imagine Martha," the culprit went
on, "milking and churning."

"And cooking for hands," said a sec-
ond.
"And darning socks," added a third.
This was too much for Martha. Her
eyes flashed proudly, and she threw
her head back with that rare independ.
ence she sometimes showed, as she an-
swered, "I don't propose to be the com-
mon everyday wife of anybody! I shall
be somebody that amounts to some-
thing, or die in the attempt."
In the applause that followed nobody
but Martha noticed Emily Sharp's
quick but gentle response, "Don't say
that, Martha; you'll be sorry for it
some day."
The evening padsed off gaily. Every-
body was in high spirits, and Martha
was radiant. She and John Grey had
grown up together from childhood.
They had gathered Johnny-jump-ups
on the same bank, sat under the same
teacher. It made her cheek burn to re-
call how, in the days when he was a
great awkward boy and she a little girl,
he had picked her up and carried her
across the shallows. She though of it
now as he came up to her so straight,
so tall, so very polite.
"May I walk home with you?" he
asked. She thought of her words in the
afternoon, and wished she could run
away: but there he stood looking at
San her, and she meekly consented.
John had something to say that night,
and he said it. Let them pass unseen
down the dim street. There is a sor-
row which, however, much laughed at
and made light of, is still far too deep
an sad sacred to be seen by careless eyes.
Martha's words that afternoon had
meant more than she had realized. Do
not call her foolish. She had seen only
the humble type of wifehood and moth-
erhood. To her the only image called
by that holy word mother was an im-
age of awkward manners and clumsy
dress and stiff red hands. Of what use
were her love of books, her high ambi-
tions, if she were to become merely one
of those? She was too young to discern
the beauty of love and self-sacrifice
beneath a plain exterior, and she had
no mother's council. Her own heart
she feared to trust, although its word
was plain. And so it was that before
many weeks passed John Grey had
gone to Philadelphia hoping thereby to
get away from his first real trouble.
Martha threw herself into her work
with all the force and energy she pos-
sessed. All the affection of a peculiarly
loving nature which in lonely years
of her youth had been given so few
outlets was lavished on those who
came. for a time under her care.
If she might but lead them to
a higher ideal of life than they saw
about them-if she could only inspire
in them a love of learning and an abil-
ity to rise above the petty cares of life
-ah! if she could but accomplish this,
would she not indeed have done a
great thing? All her powers and attain-
ments were devoted to this end, and
she found her duties in the little school
room anything but drudgery.
But in spite of her interest in her
work, when the news came that John
Grey had married a Philadelphia lady
a certain color that she had not known
her life possessed passed out, leaving
it dull and gray.
What worried Martha a great deal
more than any of these things, how-
ever was the fact that among those
whom she was seeking to help her
methods were not received with favor.
After five years of earnest and progres-
sive work her enthusiasm received
what seemed to be its death blow. The
mothers of the children had talked the
matter over and authorized the stout-
est anl most valuable one to tell 'Mar-
tha their opinion.
"You see, Miss Marthy." she said.
"there ain't no use learning girls to
want what's above their place. We
hain't nothing' agin you, Miss Marthy,
but you see it won't do. There's Mis'
Sharp's Samanthy. Her ma says she'd
rather sit around with a book than do
her patchwork. And when it comes to
the p'int where a girl would rather go
to school than make her quilts it's time
to see what's the matter."
Having finished this studied and all-
convincing speech the lady took her de-


D m*i Oftf I Any one sending us a new Subscriber and
Premium Offer No 1. w iv an open-face, stem-wind
and stem-set watch, guaranteed by the manufacturers for one year. Send your subscrip-
tions at once to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonvill, Fla.


_ __ ___I_ s_ __ __ ___ _1___1 _


"So you are Marguerite's angel, are
parture lest something might be said you? To think of it! Marguerite has
to spoil the effect. been singing 'Miss Tonton's' praises un
Poor Martha! It was all in vain. Her til Brother John has grown mortally
intelligence, her enthusiasm, her five jealous. I came out to see the paragon.
long years of ceaseless labor had all You must come out and spend the sun-
gone for nothing, spoiled by the blind- mer with me," she went on, not notic-
ness and prejudice of those who should ing Martha's face. "You know we're
have been her greatest aid. Oh, for living on the old home place, and it
more intelligent mothers will take you back to your childhood
Following close upon this episode Don't you dare to say no! You simply
came the death of her grandmother, must come!" And Martha, feeling ur-
and there snapped the last tie that terly helpless in the current was swept
bound Martha Staunton to Hughes- into a promise to go.
town. She grew to dread the awful When she reached the home of her
quiet of the little cottage, and every early years she had little chance to
street and the earth and the sky looked think, for no sooner had she left the
as gray and cold as the stones in the train than she was carried off in a rap-
churchyard. ture by little Marguerite and her cous-
But in that Providence which ins.
watches over the good there came one "Papa's here too," was Marguerite's
day a letter from Emily Sharp. After inmttn in tb mlt 9 th hattr,
the exression of sympathy from R "He always comes out Sunday when
heart which had also known sorrow, it's hot you know." And the boys went
the letter ran thus: "You must come to t teyo w marvels tncle Jon
Philadelphia. You have been in that could accomplish, whil e M artha sat
little town too long already, and I have during why Margrite ha nee
found your vocation. r you really wondering why Marguerite had never
found your vocation. If you really spoken of her mother.
want to get into the lives of children "There he is now," chimed the chl-
you must take them when they are lit- dren, as John came down to open the
tie. Come to Philadelphia and study ge th g dignified man
in the kindergarten. You were made be the laughing, teasing John Grey of
for a kindergartener." other years?
A novel idea, indeed! But it took Dos- "Here is liss Tonton, papa," called
session of Martha as though it had reuerite unmercifully, and
always been her own. There was little out Marguerite, unmercifully; and
always been her own. There was little there were two peoplDe devoutlys
time to think about it and she needed there er two people dev l
ittgew Bfoe lma ys ha p er thankful for three small chatterboxes
little. Before many days. had passed during the next few minutes, until
she was In Philadelphia. (whatever made her do it?) little Mar-
We will pass by those opening guerite came up impulsively, threw her
years spent n Emily harp's bright arms about Martha, and exclaimed,
and cultured home. Enough that they "Oh, wish could keep you always;
were busy, contented years, and that "nO, n wis, i o e ewnt her, don't
Martha, devoted to a vocation that don't you, papa?
called out and exercised her best tal- wSe, aclings to aou Martha" he ex
ents, grew to be almost happy. Her planned with a quiet dignity and self-
umiinistakable fitness for the work se- possession, "Because her mother died
cured for her, immediately on the com- before she ever knew her, and the child
pletion of her preparation, a position a must cling to somebody."
kildergartenler in one of the suburbs "How sad," answered Martha, "for
of Philadelphia. her to be without a mother's love."
Martha looked forward to the open- One evening, in the quiet of the
ing day with almost girlish eagerness, moonlight, with all the earnestness of
When it came, each little face that his mature nature, John Grey repeated
looked up into hers found there an an- his little daughter's wish, the echo of
swearing smile, a look that made the his own of long ago. Martha, having
little soul her friend. But whose reed through stern experience how
is this? It catches her eye and holds mistaken were the deals of her youth
it by a charm. It stirs her heart to its and how ly is woman's own mission,
very depths. Is not this the face which, the mission of wifehood and mother -
confessed or not, has been stamped hood, now gave a different answer.-
there all these years? Woman's Home Companion.
"Your name?" she asked, mechanical- *
ly, too startled to observe who brought fflted.
her. To The Afflicted.
"Marguerite Grey," was the prompt There is a Sanitarium in Belleview,
reply. Fla.,whose specialty is the treatment
Yes, she was John Grey's child, and of cancer and piles without the use
Martha knew it well, although she of the knife. A cure is guaranteed in
was to proud to inquire. This little one every case taken and no money is re-
was his child, so like him that there quired until a cure is complete. Write
could be no mistake. Here was an op- them a description of your case and
portunity to minister, and Martha ac- receive free books by return mail, Ad-
cepted it, gravely, gratefully, with a dress,
mingling of sadness and joy. If during BELLEVIEW SANITARIUM,
that year she found how sharp may be Belleview, Fla.
the pangs of regret, she discovered, al-
so, in the joy of unselfish ministry the
unmistakable existence of a mother- / I"
heart within her. With the coming of the last day of the year came many
visitors, among them Martha's long- POUITIONB QUARANTEB D,
neglected friend, Mary Grey. Although Under *8,00' Cash Depoelt
she was no longer Mary Grey, and rr ae TntL
led two lively boys by the -hand, she ospea an7r tkas x v.rraraaepBDo.a
was as frank and girlish as in the days G-m hdIaba*msM ie Cim lof
when they were girls together. Boun, aIs* .









598 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


WTTHg ITE JOKiE.
Giraffe-No! I'm a little above one
who carries his own trunk.-New York
Herald.
Vond& Uothe~ -"What do yon think
"DY Will 16 WSW 614 gw a6"1
Exasperated Father-"I don't know;
town crier, likely."-Tld-Bits.
"He's a vegetarian, isn't he?"
"Oh! the strictest kind. He won't
even eat oyster plant."-Philadelphia
Record.
"0 Fraulein, I love you! Listen to my
suit, as I kneel here in the dust before
you!"
"Excuse me, sir, but our carpets are
not dusty."
"You said Mrs. Wabash got her furn-
Iture on the instalment plan, didn't
you?"
Mrs. Dearborn-"Yes, she's had four
husband's, and got a little with each
one."
Daughter-"Marriages are made in
heaven, you know, papa."
Father--"Yes, but young people seem
to think they are imported free of
duty.-Judec.
Newell Little-"Dndham isn't very
brilliant."
Newsome Moore-"Brilliantl Why,
he's considered a fool even in the
smart set"--Puck.
Mrs. Probe--"That man who had ty-
phoid sends word he can't pay your
bill for a month yet."
Dr. Probe-"Confound himr I almost
wish he hadn't been sick!"-Life.
"But why do you seamen always call
a boat 'she'? "
"Well, miss, I can't exactly tell ye,
but I 'ave heardd that they cost such a
deal for rigging out"-Moonshine.
First Horse-Have you seen any au-
tomobiles with wet sponges tied on
their heads?
Second Horse-No; they haven't
got sense enough to get sunstroked.-
Chicago Record.
Sportsman (to Snobson, who hasn't
brought down a single bird all day)-
"Do you know Lord Peekham?"
Snobson-"Oh, dear, yes; I've often
shot at his house."
Sportsman-"Ever hit it?"
"Is she what would call a summer
girl?"
"OB, dear no. Way use wasn't learned
how to lie in a hammock gracefully
yet, and you know that's the first
requisite."
"What la an epistle?" asked a Bun-
day school teacher. There was a pause
and then a solitary hand went up.
"I know, teacher."
"Well my dear?"
"The wife of an apostle, teacher."
A five-year old boy who could not
keep awake through a long sermon sud-
denly ecmnme wide aware, and notlo-
ing that the minister was still preach-
ing, inquired;
"Mother, is this Sunday or next Sun-
day?"
Head Waiter-"Shall I send a waiter
to wait on you sir?"
Guest (who has waited in vain for
thirty mlnut)-"I am compelled to re-
quest this extreme privilege, even
though I know it disturbs your sys-
tem.."-Life.
Mrs. Wedde-"So you are to be mar-
ried?"
Miss Unwedde-"Yes, and I want you
to to1 ms whish la thk lushi lt m thb
to be married in."
Mrs. Wedde-"The thirteenth, my
dear."
The Prodigal-Mudder, I've come Lo
die.
The Mother-Ye have, have ye? An
to take about 20 years to do It in, like
your father did. Not much. Ye go into
the next county to do your dyin'-Kan-
sas City Independent.
Sir Trietam-By my halldome! what
is this I see?-a hole in my shirt of
mall!--and on the day of the tourna-
ment, too! Speak, woman; how came
it there.
The Lady Aenld-Good, my lord, I
much do fear me that the hired hand-
maidea must hate eat It to thv team
laundry, by mistake!--Pnck.


"How are you getting along in your
clay modeling, Kittie?"
"Oh, just lovely; I'm devoted to it.'
"This is a fine head; whose is it?"
"Goodness, don't ask me! isn't it
e::sfc? It lj eittar Masrtx L=the or
Benjamin Frankiinn.
Small Harry has been spending the
afternoon with a little boy in the neigh-
borhood.
"Did you have a nice time?" asked
mother on his return.
"Not very," replied Harry. "His
m other kept hanging around all the
time."
Junior Partner-"I examined our
cashier's books last night after he
went home, unt I shall discharge him
at vonce."
Senior Partner-"Vot has he done?"
Junior Partner-"He forgot to draw
a week's salary last January, vile his
vile vas sick. I shall fire him kervick,
before he remembers it."-Judge.
He (a suitor)-"Grammarians have
never been quite sure of the proper
distinction between I shall and I will,
but to my mind there is no difficulty."
She-"I don't ulite know the distinc-
tion myself."
He (thinking he sees his opportun-
ity)-Well, take the question, "Will
you marry me?' Supposing I ask you,
your reply would be not 'I will,' but-"
She (emphatically)-"I wont!"-Judy.
Tramp-"Lady, could you help a
poor man dat broke his arm through
patriotism?"
Lady-"Were you in the war?"
Tramp-No'm; I broke it turning
an organ."
Lady-"Well, where does the patri-
otism come In?"
Tramp-"I wus playing 'Hall Colum-
bia!' ma'am."--Chicago News.
"I'll bet a thousand," shouted the ex-
cited politician, "that the editor had no
proofs of those damaging stories he
published against the boss."
"I'll go you," retorted the little man
with a high forehead and two pairs of
glasses. "He had the proofs and went
through them word for word and O.
K.'d the revise."
"Who in thunder are you?"
"I'm the proof-reader."-Detroit Free
Press.
C ,
BEWARE OF OINTMENTS FOR CA-
TARRH THAT CONTAIN MKE-It
CURY,
as mercury will surely desroy the sense
of smell and compleleli derange the
whole system when entering it through
the mucous surfaces. Such articles
the mucous surfaces. Such articles
should never be used except on pre-
scriptions from reputable physicians,
as the damage they will do is ten fold
to the good you can possibly derive
from them. Hall's Catarrh Cure, man-
ufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Tole-
do, 0., contains no mercury, ana is
taken internally, acting directly upon
the blood and mucous surfaces of the
system. In buying Hall's Catarrh
Cure be sure you get the genuine. It
is taken internally and is made in To-
ledo, Ohio, by F. Cheney & Co. Tes-
timonials free.
Sold by Druggists, price 75c. per
bottle.
Halls' Family Pills are the best.

SUGAR LAND FOR SALE.

A dcalrablo tract of Iand, admirably
adapted to cane or orange culture, 0
arpents front by 44 depth, a portion
of the old Nairn sugar plantation, sit-
uated on the west bank of the Missis-
sippi river about 60 miles below New
Orleans.
The place is well drained, it being
cleared 16 arpents deep, and having on
it about 2000 small orange trees and 8
arpents plant cane. A comfortable
dwelling house, a large barn and a
number of head of live stock completes
the equipment of the place.
Should one desire to raise cane, a
ready market can be had for same, as
a railway connects it with two large
central sugar factories. For terms ap-
ply to.
MRl. J, Y GILMOIB,
520 Poydras street, New Orleans.


PLANT 5YSTE1W,

The fircat Througn fEar Linc From Plorda.


CONNECTIONS.


S THE ATLANTIC (OAST LIN E, via Charles on,
To T Richmond and Washington.
THE SOUTHERN. RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co-
lumbia and Washington.
via A&l Ril

The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Ashevit
The Mobile & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.


Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
[ T. VYorYk, Philadelphis as. PgtnB,
E s Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta-
tion Company for Baltimore.
la 8teamshulp
To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
AND
HAVANA STEAISHIP CO.

NOVA SCOTIA, Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
CAPE BRETON& STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkeebur)
PRINCE EDWARDS and Charlottestown.
ISLAND....


Summer Excursion Tickets
to all Summmer Resoirts will be placed on pale until September 30th.
The PLANT SYSTEM Is the only use trom rorida with Throau5h 5 ;pag-t. a
P- srvice to the Sammer Resorts of
WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA and
THE MOUNTAINS OF VIRGINIA

For information as to rates, sleeping-car services, reservations, etc, write to
F. M. JOLLY, Div vision Passenger Agent.
128 West Bay atro t, Aster lock, Jacksonville, Blorld
W. B. DENHAM, B. W. WRENN,
Gen. Supt. Pass. Traffic Mng'r.
SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.


OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.


"SAVANNAH LINE"


BY LAND


AND SEA...



FAST FREIGHT AND.LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
FROM .. .

FLORIDA TO NEW YORK,
BOSTON AND "H EAST.


SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Thence via Palatial Express Steamships, sailings from Savannah, Four Ships each week
to New York .nd making close connection with New York-Boston ships or ,ond Lines.
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write
for general information, sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
K. H. ITON, Trafle Ilgr., WASTE HAWKINS, Gem. Asg.,
s~av~aa,,Gt. a2t.w.. ay t., Jacl s16rilh., ls








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. rW

yJWtnTTITAWA ed as soon as he can secure a man who
understands putting them together.
Very battering reports coma from all One of the towers is to be erected t H ET E R
ery flattering reports com ro all ernandina, one at Miami, one at Fort
along the east coast on the condition of George and perhaps some may be
of the orange crop, and there will be a erected at other points. Each of the NEW RAAL "
very large quantity of fruit shipped the towers is seventy-five feet high, and is
coming season.-Ttuaville East Coast built on the order of the big steel wind- FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELl
ASldT-st mills to be msa in different asc;tlons of
Lakeland ought to have m6t lnc1use the country. From these towers it Is No blacks powder hei a tia mrket wr tith t *NBlW RIVAL" i ume
for rent. A man coming here to locate proposed to hoist the storm signals, day *Ky and Emas Lhq e Suren, w~drp@l. t tie smm.
s unable to eure a st ae a and night, and anemometers will be
to walk -s.ound and ask admittance at on each of the coweMMo
hote s and boarding houses in order
to abide in our beautiful little city.
Someone should build houses to rent- HE CURES
there's money in it.-Lakeland Sun. W Y E CU
The long rainy season is showing
signs of breaking up at last, as it has -he Gretet Specialitst l t Ti meC ot Riv
not rained here to amount to anything F1 o ri PIersonBI ttrtn. ast R
for ten days past. Hardly a week has feete s dos he a earin
passed since January 1 that a good Mathaway's a cases winchsenat a mar
g..ower or rain Pa a not fallen hers, amd mIheis 'Bia T22 -a-f Ir= m uma ) In Wae Ia b aa l f mr '.
altogether it has been a splendid year. i S~S. J 11 Wo.r o.
for fruit trees and crops of all kinds.-- determy. s y Deny Deny N.. STATIONm X Sl
Fort Myers. e asee Itrutd sepa r. < e _ -
Reports from different parts of Flor- amtL nd *i ieV -- ar ad.... L- .......Jw met .......
ida indicate that the quail shooting this 9 S under .... 5lpg 11 lk L ....... t.A. v
fall will not be as good as usual. The Jir ecas ...... 6 ? a .1 v. p..... '
birds are diminishing in numbers each bs laS ... Atr........ fslts1 'k ......." ...
year and it is only in remote regions, som 10a11 .g- r ...... ... ..... ...L.
where hunters seldom go, that they can tsreate in S er wam -- fe r.........aaf ......... Lv
be fo:md in Iufficient numbers ;,. en- Imr r. s$ Lv .......8.. SqMai *i......... ......
able a hunter to make even a respec- tl I-a lthe us i Lv ....... u ltP la ......... r .
table-sized bag. There has been a great e naea I ........... Or ........... r 4
deal of trapping and shooting out of of his own- sstemia s t .. hle i .. p Ss
season.-Eustis Lake Region. Every s dMaenedupoomnuy i I ........ew t........ 0
The Seaboard Air Line, which, mder Sp l" y tau er c .... "" *** .S ..... .
its present management is developing a Traemt m. ......p... ee njt. ......... P .. ......
pretr deal of enmrK to the doTaloDocvn =0HI^'SiS --- ----- ----3------ 21-------
of the sections of country it traverses, xli ........ so
will hold a convention in Jacksonville Tre ent or te or ...... ..........lb a......... I .
on the 24th of October. This convention r w : :: ; ......I....t A........... ...... .....
itw wsr to allow none bsd hmse ....... ..
is called in the interest of school work. o hi rem nedieswe aw ar Is ho e ........... 11 t .
h e ...... ........
and to it are invited all "the state and I mermindhowper o m .....-e..... I........ ie......... ll ..... ..... .
county commissioners of education and eodam k SdS itSetreat entf ....... ........... TlP ........... u.
and Mblood d Is e ......In whate. s
oureealmaasrnsof tuloe oreas. 0 ...... ......
the representatives of. the press" pN. mana rmsores o ........... ........... :: Ss ........... to1 ...... .
throughou: the state.-Tallah**al tblobtces pha etrhan notf th skin
throusho the tate.-Tnlll i.nat url p............urfe 4....... k t ........ O.... 1 ............
Thectl.b toathe diseases p ane come .......... ....* ...... Sound 1014& ...... ..
The resources of tls part of Florida 1210 displestlo 5 daerivaenroatnd :: 0 .d .W1 ... .....
are ample, If developed, to enrich the admuinsterblipoisonOin .......... ...... ..
people of this entire community. What- Var...leeee. nde tre met od eo ....... .'....... ...... ...... ......
ever our differences politically or relig- Strltme. WSt eshm on and g 0per ct . ...... .... .
oooo: is .......es M y ........ .n..... .......
lously there should exist no division of sndpermanent cor No operations requiredad l ... .t 7 .. ..... -
sentiment regarding the development no in or ieepene0 arm exmPerenod b the 1 ......r Tn ..
mtfent. Theexpensof thisretmentismn M less Q rais s85 ma 5J.
of those things which will prove thantbatof anY operatio.or hospital or insti te
rk. W fa all- ,-,- ^^--.vill And ANOW 1 C M W M -.0., -M. N
Alachua county eMa wonaerruuy aa- K tmy Saon who ha~a ~ BTATIONIS. 0 l
vance if the people move in the right m.. Isd t trouble gand Iu
direction. Encouragement should be evervhoneiow s hs n ....h his ...... abavell ..................A
extended to every legitimate interest- w Wk be dmand for Dr. a new a r ............ L ........... ......
Gain srilVs 7 ,hlth I .............. Pblo Dooth. ......... 1 .....4
Gainesville Sun. FREKL d',titone'^ ^ S.1".. T M d? 3S
Messrs. Cochran and Johnson passed tdatbookwa be t to a = h5b e Now St:as and Oran- iot Tit-s aa l UT
through Wednesday enroute from ...aa. mwedaddMtr.Hal w. Oi Utw- TITUU a-I .
Spring Hill, Miss., to Nocatee, De So- U .ty foro anst tamo tE JNo.M STRTE .
to county, this state, writes a Home- oer 5 i A. aL wPAL. 1 Id. v ........... IT u ...........
They were driving a mule team, having MS ryanatreet, uammab, ao 4 "."......." *I
come the entire distance by that meth- mrno TH PAS i ar wm .r..... ........ .. ......
od of travel. Mr. Cochran has a very All N w ora no A tl l at ltq aj tM
ee, with a very promminW r J Budd"ed and Orafted
valuable piece of property near N Budded Nnd orafte.drs e"
They will locate there permanently, uer 5 o3 the S ray
and will plant a fall and spring crop of Mulgoba Mangoes. t
vegetables for northern markets. Imported from India; absolutely ree Peninsular and Occidental S. S.
The water of old ocean is alive now- from fiber. Pot grown $2.50 each. ins ar n n al .
adays with phosphorescent gleaming ONN47TIO AT 31ru .
lights, and after dark is qulteattrative. Largest assortment of Crotons in the CO H N A N.
Last evening a large school of fish United States. AVANA LNE.
. .. .. .. ............... .. .. .. na .-. W...
came in with the tide, and as they Also Citrus stock. Address, IeIijS t_ s *................ nG i* S
Aaalt~g MEE aARSS IS inland Gould hr ------.101
seen half a mile away, tMe water ap- AmiU.. Sai _t_- f_ .r.... HT m
hearing a great pond of fire. It was es- West Palm Beach, Fla. KEY W T IB
pecially beautiful whenever a large KEY WEST L -
fish came up from below and sent the I r ...............i. np. Aritv t...
small fish flying through the air, a "Nvsi Wtia .
cloud of dasiling, silvery sparks.--StL ta. e nri
Augustine Record. a i rrvM
The people of St. Augustine are be- wor esop it e 101 iL. e-4 eai AgaiL
coming impatient for the removal of
the ancient guns and projectiles from MALLO RY STEAMSHI LINE
old Fort Marion to the new site in the .
Plaza. It will be remembered that the W O O9 Passener Sene.
ordnance was presented to the city of O P sd To mae coe connec-
st. Augustine some months ago by the a tons with steamers leave
war department and a committee was New York Jacksonville (Union do-
appointed to select a site and superin- TLhe Tangnt Fruit pot) Thursdays F:15 a. m.
jend t-fisj F^j~m ", .7J &_ giii Tha .Iher Bruahcrs, F llllne- IF.- C-0 p. NY-)sd--- DIP pr
committee, so far as it could, per- Patented Mch. 8, 1808 & Apr. 11 189B. delphia & ibrlind steamer; meals
formed its duty. It selected most ad- These machines for brushing and en rouSte, or "a all" via
vantageous spots in the Plaza, and polishing fruit will greatly improve the Boston Plant System at 7: p. nm.
then called for bids for the removal of appearance of any pack of oranges or a Benges n arrival o-
the heavy ordnance, but no bids were lemons at a very slight cost, and with- From Brunswick direct to directly aboard team
presented, and consequently It has been out damage to the fruit. Nw YorMk. r.
unable to proceed farther with the They are past the experimental stage, PBOP1 WD SBAIIIJNG for A lug.. I00.
work. having brushed more than 10,000 cars NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWIC GA., DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
. J. Mitchell, section director of the of these fruits in California. TDAY aS FOLLOWS:
weather bureau for the state of Flor- Circulars on application. S. S. RIO GRANDE......................... ......... .. Ag 3
ida, has received from Washington sev- 8 COLORADO ............ ......... .. ....... A 10
;M! tull rtew made of Wtb e aRIG HT BROTaH I R A ........................................Aug. 10
J bve s,66, lum. a- X- a-AN ----CO-- -- -- -- ----------------_-_7-. -.-:, ,7 , It
are to be erected as storm-warmniig For loweCa A. . reer m ad ull....nformation ply to .
towers in different parts of the state. For lowt rat resrvatios ad tul Intormaton B apply to
The towers came in "knock downs", Sharple's Cream Separators-Profit- n B r Jacko
and Mr. Mitchel will have them erect- able )Da irying, R a SF ea n. i.d FM. Te.
C.H G.alory&Ia. tl Agents. Pler I L., New YTWX








o00 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Simon Pure


Fertilizers


-ARE-



4 Time-Tried and Crop-Tested!

ManufacturedF~- 'Ily to suit all the requirements of the


GROVE, GA EN AND FIELD.

If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, C yr, Strawberries, Lettuce or Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer
made especially for them, that has been thorou tested. Our Simon Pure No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of
any fertilizer sold in the state. We have had 2. rs practical experience and have spent more time and money in crop
experimenting than all the manufacturers in the s Besides special brands for special crops we carry in stock all
kinds of FERTILIZING MATERIALS AND CHEIW ALS. We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials
within the reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Ammoniates:
SULPHATE AMMONIA,
NITRATE SODA.
DRIED BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BONE,
TANKAGE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
CASTOR POMACE,


Potashes:
MURIATE POTASH,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
KAINIT,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
Phosphoric Acids:
DISSOLVED BONE,
ACID PHOSPHATE,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,


Miscellaneous:
SALT,
LIME,
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS,
BLUE STONE,
CAUSTIC SODA.
LAND PLASTER,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON,


OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen-
erally.
Tobacco Materials:
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COARSE GROUND TOBACCO.
All guaranteed unleached and to cotn
tain all their fertilizing and insecticid-
properties.


WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO

E. 0. PAINTER & CO., = = Jacksonville, Fla.


Beyond My Expeotation.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonrille, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I used the Simon Pure
fertilizer on the L. P. T. Pinery, the re-
sult was beyond my expectation. Be-
fore using the fertilizer the plants did
not grow much; after using the Simon
Flir friltliair tfli7 A re ai5 7 rt 7 k?
them have fruit. Will order more fer-
tilizer as soon as needed.
Very respectfully,
A. M. Temple.
Osteen, Fla., Sept. 27, 1900.
*
The Best Results.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-We have been well
pleased with all fertilizers purchased


from you and can recommend your
brands to any one wishing the best re-
sults. Very respectfully,
J. S. Latimer & Son.
Little River, Fla., Sept. 24, 1900.
*
Used Three Hundred Tons a Year.
E, i. i.]ridtr d ".-,, nirr*isouii lk. ia.
Gentlemen:- I have used your ferti-
lizer ever since you began making it
and have used from 200 to 300 tons of
it a year before the freeze of 1894 and
1895. Since then have used it right
along on orange tre "' Tere are no
better trees in the cot-ntry" tan I have
to show. I also used :ou' 'goods on
canteloupes and toma.oes a' d I am so
well pleased with results that I shall


plant from 20 to 40 acres of tomatoes
and 10 to 20 acres of canteloupes next
spring. That shows you what I think
of your goods. Yours truly,
Matt Zeigler.
DeLand. Fla., Sept. 26, 1900.
--
Reports Satisfactory Results.
E. O. Painter d Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-During the past three
or four years we have been using your
fertilizers exclusively for vegetables,
pineapples and oranges and we are
very much pleased with the results.
Have had the opportunity to recom.
mend your fertilizers several times to
other growers, and they also report


satisfactory results. Yours very truly,
Clifford Orange Co.
Citra, Fla., Sept 20, 1900.
$
One Copy 'Worth a Year's Subscrip-
tion.
P a-. Fiuer J. f:: Jack1risrilkd: Pia-
Gentlemen:-I have considered your
state my future home and may get
there yet. The Agriculturist has given
me more pointers than any paper I
have read, even for this and more
northern latitudes. Many an item has
been worth the year's subscription.
Yours truly,
W. H. Chaddock,
Rogers, Ark., Sept. 17, 1900.


A High-Grade Fertilizer

MUST HAVE


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"TH E ID AT ;" BRANDS--

W(t HAVE THESE.""W

Then why pay $35.0C .nd $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the followIriy -ii i
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ...............$30.00 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.00 per 1o;
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.....$28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE ................ $30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. i................. $28.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER ...................$20o.oo per *o
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS"
WILSON & TOOMER FERTTT .I7.R COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Pil' Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $18.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertiliser, 544.00 p er ton.


_ ____