The Florida agriculturist
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00039
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: September 26, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00039
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text

W t AV La-1flp
Of Afuiei~jjt~rg )N

Vol. XXVII, No. 39. Jacksoville and Dand, F, Wedesdy, Sept6, 1900. Whole No 13

Vol. XXVII, No. 39. Jacksonville ud DeLD d, Ha., Wednesday, Sept. 26,1900. Whole No. 1391

The Pineapple in Comparison with
the Grape Truit.
Editor Florida Agricuturist.
I do not know that I can better im-
presc the mind of the reader than to
state substantially some recent inter-
views between some parties and my-
self. First; Neighbor B. remarked to
me the other day, "I shipped and
sold Mr. W's pineapple crop several
days agb, and the last few crates sold
at $4 and $4.50 per crate" ,(they were
Red Spanish).
"Well I reckon he's getting back
some of his outlay by now."
"O, well he gave me the figures some
time back on what he had paid out
and it was something upwards of
$1000, and up to this time he has got
back on it only $300, or a little over."
"Well, if he had invested in oranges
and grapefruit at the time he did in
the pines, which was about four years
ago, he would have beaten this, way
"Yes,"sald Mr. B."he would have had
something worth while now, but as it
is I fear he will be a long time getting
his money back. He certainly would
have done better in oranges and grape-
On the same afternoon I spoke to
two or three others of experience in the
fruit matter who are well acquainted
with the labor, expense and results of
these three special varieties, and when
we had compared the pine patch of one
and a half acres with five acres of or-
anges and grape fruit only 300 yards
distance, planted a year or more later,
and estimated the cost of land and
all other costs beside up to the present
the fortunate owner of the five acre
grove was out just $500, and the part-
les decided they would rather own one
row of trees across this five acre grove
which would occupy in correct shape
one half acre, than the whole patch of
pines. These trees have not been set
four years yet, lacking five months,
while upwards of fifty of the lot are
now fruiting. The decision of the
party was that this grove just now go-
ing into bearing, which has never had
a branch killed though in open air,
situated on the east margin of lake
Clinch (Lochopopkee) is worth $1,000
per acre, or $5000 for the whole. Some
of these trees will yield a box, or up-
wards, of pomeloes the coming winter
of just the same variety and quality
which we sold from this locality as
high as $12.50 per box, and never low-
er than $8 per box, while two boxes
of extra large-twenty to the crate,
sold for $11 each, which was 55 cents
for each fruit and two others, 28 to
the box, at $11 per box, averaging 31
cents and a fraction for each, fruit.
Had this gentleman acted the Solomon
he would have set his pine patch in
grape fruit plants and cultivated the
pine plants among them, and the high
fertilization would have brought on his
trees to fruitage by now and in a few
years more he would have had a pay-
ing grove and could mow his pines out
it h wished to do o. This court I

have advised in times past and I still
advise all to plant out pines, or if
groves to plant pines in the alleys. But
I am sure some will say "but likely
your locality is not suited to pineapple
culture." To such I would say, "but
likely it is, and more than likely, for
that question has been settled by the
best authority." Parties who have ex-
amined into this matter, contrasting
our locality with the east coast and
Orange county have proven to be their
equal if not their superior.
But I have a request to make of all
who may desire to come here to in-
vestigate these matters, and that is,
that they leave behind them three of
the greatest curses of America today,
which are whisky, cards and pistols.
If they will do this they can bring a
shot gun and a rifle top and be wel-
come at Frostproof Florida.
Uncle Wash.
(We cannot second the advice given
above to plant pines 'in the alleys."
The pines require different fertilizer
than the orange or grape fruit. To push
the pineapple to profitablenesss would
push the orange tree to death.
The price of grapefruit is likely to
fall faster than the price of pines. We
have known pines to bring $16 per
crate, but have also seen them drop to
$1. Don't build hopes on the $8 or $12
per crate price for it is more likely to
be less than $2 before many years. But
at the latter price there is good money
in raising the grapefruit.-Ed.)

The Grain "Weevils."
All the various species of insects
that attack stored grain are indiscrim-
inately called weevils, or simply "wee-
vfl," but the only true grain weevils
are the granary and rice weevil. These
two insects resemble each other in
structure as well as in habit. They
are small, flattened, brown snout, bee-
tles of the family of Calandridae.
neither is more than a sixth of an
inch in length, but their rate of devel-
opment is so rapid that they do an al-
most incalculable amount of injury in
a short period of time. Their heads
are prolonged into a long snout or pro-
boscis, at the end of which are the
mandibles; their antennae are elbowed
and attached to the proboscis.
The granary weevil has been known
as an enemy to stored grain since the
earliest times. Having become domes-
ticated ages ago, it has long since lost
the use of Its wings and is strictly an
indoor species. The mature weevil
measures from an eighth to the sixth
of an inch-is of a uniform shining
chestnut brown in color and has the
thorax sparsely and longitudinally
The larva Is legless, considerably
shorter than the adult, white in color,
very robust and fleshy. The female
punctures the grain with her snout and
then iserts aa egg, from which Ia

hatched a larva that devours the mealy
interior and undergo its transforma-
tion in the hull. In wheat and other
small cereals, a single larva inhabits
a grain, but a kernel of corn furnishes
food for several individuals.
The mid-summer period from egg to
adult is about six weeks, and there
may be. under favorable conditions.
four or five broods in the north, and as
many as six or seven in the south, This
species is injurious to wheat, corn and
barley and other grains and attacks
also the chick flea (Cicer arletinum) a
food product of the tropics. Unlike
the moths which attack grain, the ad-
ult weevils feed upon the kernels,
gnawing into them for food and for
shelter, and being quite long lived,
probably do even more damage than
their larva. This species is very pro-
lfic, egg laying continuing over an ex-
tended period. It has been estimated
that one pair will, in the course of a
year produce 8000 descendants, and it
will be seen that the progeny of a sin-
gle pair are capable in a short time of
causing considerable damage. In the
state of Texas alone the annual loss
from this insect and rats is estimated
at $1,000,000 and the loss from granary
insects, to the corn crop of Alabama in
1893 was estimated $1,671,382 or
about 10 per cent. Estimating the an-
nual loss in the same propor-
tions we would have for these
eight southern states-South Caro-
lina Georgia, Florida, Alabama,
Mississippi, Loulsana, Texas, and Ark-
ansas, a total of nearly $20,000,000, and
this to corn alone.
In regard to the susceptibility of
different grains to weevil attack, it
may be said that unhusked rice, oats
and buckwheat are practically exempt.
but the hull of barley offers less pro-
tection to the seeds. Husked or hulled
grains are naturally more exposed to
infestation, and the softer varieties
suffer more than do the harder, flinty
Nearly all of the grain-feeding spe-
cies in the United States, have been in-
troduced and are now cosmopolitan,
having been distributed by commerce
to all quarters of the earth. Upwards
of forty species occur commonly in
granaries, these living throughout their
adolescent stages within the kernel of
the grain.
A few of the "preventatives" are.
the bisulphide of carbon. By reason of
its intensive action, this is the best
known remedy against all insects that
affect stored products. Prompt thres-
ing, inspection, quartering, disinfec-
tion, scrupulous cleanliness in the mat-
ter of bins and grain bags is suggested
as being along the proper line for the
extermination of the pest or prevent-
ing them from doing great damage.-
F. B. Chillenden in American Farmer.
4. 4 a
Deep Plowing.
It is the writer's firm conviction that
the farmers and horticulturists of Flor-
ida annually suffer a loss of hundreds
of thousands 9 dQllar through shal-

low plowing, generally supplemented
by deep cultivation of the growing
crop. The land is broken up so shal-
low that the roots of the growing
plants are obliged to run close to the
surface then with an astounding fat-
ulety. the cultivation is carried so
deep that these roots are cut to pieces
And we wish it distinctly under-
stood that. in making the above asser-
tions, we speak not as a theorist. The
writer was born on a farm and has
lived and worked on a farm all his
life. with exceptions amounting to
about ten years. He has held a plow
from the time he was tall enough to
steady the handles. He has himself.
until taught by experience, suffered
from this prevalent error of shallow
The first instance we shall cite is one
that proves the evil of deep cultiva-
tion. A thorough-goin.g energetic
farmer in a northern state owned a
farm adjoining our own. He manured
his land well. which was a rich river
bottom, plowed deep and always had a
good stand. But he invariably injured
his corn by ruthless cultivation with
a shovel plow, cutting off the feeding
roots. In a heavy shower sometimes
from a quarter to a half of his corn
would fall over, while ours remained
standing. It was evident that it
fell over from the weight of water
and from lack of roots, because It fell
in every direction, whereas if it had
been blown down by the wind it would
have fallen all in one direction. His
deep plowing was all right, but he nul-
lified the benefits of it by his unmer-
ciful cultivation.
Coming to Florida, we find another
instance in point. A neighbor in Brad-
ford county, having leisure on his
hands, took much pride in his family
garden, which was on flat woods pine
land of only medium quality. The gar-
den was only about sixty feet square,
and, as it was all cut up into beds, was
never plowed, but was spaded up the
entire depth of the spade, say a
foot deep. The productiveness of this
garden was the wonder of the neigh-
borhood. While it was broken up a
foot deep, it was never cultivated over
an inch deep, with a light garden rake,
which was run rapidly over it at least
once a week, when rains fell as often
as that. The family gathered some-
thing out of it all the year round, ex-
cept for about two or three months in
the rainy season it grew up. to crab-
grass. It was thrown up into beds
about ten inches high, and eight or ten
feet wide, which the owner called
"lazy beds," because of the ease with
which they could be cultivated. When
other gardens in the neighborhood
were dried up and "fired" with
drouth, this one went right along yield-
ing crops. When they' were flooded
and the crops were drowned out by an
occasional downpour, this garden re-
ceived no damage, except the fretting
away of the edges of the beds by the
rain. The crops were secure.
This garden was only moderately


fertilized once a year. The secret )f do well and yield most abundantly. On corn. It was over a room contain- A Pa t ket Mia
its productiveness was the deep break- the highlands about Trinidad in this ing a stove. After the seed is once
Ing-up and the constant shallow cul- province, apples have been grown dried there is little trouble in keeping
ture. without any special care, large and It. I have seen it kept well in a dry. LIFE AND STRENGTH RESTORED TO
In strawberry growing in this state fine looking fruit, but of poor quality, cellar or it can even be buried in the PALSIED LIMBS.
one grower believed in shallow -low- owing to the variety planted. Pears ground but if it is not dried at first, tr m... a-y e Ihe
tnr. which he performed with a nonv also do well in this Iocality, hut those it will mildew and Its germinating w,..on w- mn. .- u i.. nI
l a *amiai ptmw. whil if a neuiniogn F mwar l wv of hapnnF jii y. qultr I I-ua -Ul a aumatm a=F =IF.s==ases.am m warc
across the fence used a heavy sulky that these plantings were from seed be avesg te. yAf y Am 0-
plow drawn by three horses and turn- brought from Spain. There seems to Beet Sugar. Ta th nmee, P-uefh, LL
Ing over a furrow slice sixteen inches be no doubt that many of our fruits The Honolulu Planters' Monthly, in At No. 11 Fllett street, PawtUeket, I,
wide and eight to ten inches deep. The would do well on the Trinidad hills, as a recent issue, says; within the shadows of St. Joseph's Chh,
first one had to use 25 to 5) per cent the climate is very much more temper- A very interesting statistical com- lvs Mrs. H. T. Salisbury who, a few yrn
more fertilizer to get equal results ate than on the lower plains. Peaches pilation has been made for the Beet agowas a helplesnvalid, safering em a
with the second. The roots, which of the Chinese type should be given Sugar Gazette by Mr. Paul Doerstling; dreded dee d without hope of w.
make the fruit and give it color, run the preference in planting, as they superintendent of the beet sugar fac- oovery. A repet
mostly close to the surface; but an seem more suitable to the extreme tory at La Grand, Ore. The result of U who called recently
abundance of deep-running pumping southern latitudes, but many of the his research is given below. It shows and who kmew thea
roots Is very necessary in the spring early ripening varieties of the Persian the relative cost of producing cane and ture o rprie n th le
drouth. One year the wife of No. 1 type would no doubt succeed equally beet sugar in the various countries, and U wasmetat thedeerby
in his absence, with best intentions, as well." will come as a revelation to many who a matronly-loekiag
had the men prong hoe his plants very * adhere to the idea generally held that woman, apwet
thoroughly, just as they were coming Effect of Cultivation and Clearing on cane sugar is produced much cheaper -the bedetoa= W
stated that she wa
into bloom. This combination of shal- Climate. than beet sugar. While this is true in Mrs. Salisbury. 5R
low blowing and deep cultivation was Prof. J. R. Sage, director of the Iowa the cases of several especially favored story as she told t, is
disastrous; the crop was cut short experiment station, in whose stalwart countries like Java, Cuba, Porto Rico s\ -follows:
twenty-five or thirty crates.-Farmer common sense the farmers greatly and Hawaii, the general average cost \ "Aboty eight ye
and Fruit Grower. trust., has no faith in climatic changes of producing sugar from cane is shown 1 0, ith n os
In an trior auw-rhl before the tanners' ,to b hfglhop tshan thsg prliaasgsl frsajm .-r-f pMr sm. c wi a-
Cuba as a Fruit Growing Country. Institute, he said: besia. TiMa is due, or course, princi.- bowed b a partial paralysieoflsthe lorwe
"Never was there a more prepostor- pally to the employment of better ma- lmb. Thli was pronounced by several
In a recent address before the Na- ous heresy preached among intelligent chinery in the beet sugar industry and doctrs to be paralysis of t hel'ate aras.
One doctor called it loeomot ataxi&I
tional Nurserymen's Association, Mr men. There is no basis of sense or sci- the resulting higher output of sugar feltanum ."eandltingling nthelimbsat
P. J. Breckmans, the well known au- ence in this absurd outcry against soil from a given quantity of raw material, times and would often flldown saen
thority on horticultural subjects, gives drainage. In matter of fact, the cli- Thus, while it takes 20 tons of cane to without any apparent cause. I eo ad nt
his ideas of the future and possibility mate has not changed, and cannot be produce 1.75 tons of sugar, 10 tons of direct my tep as I wanted to and was a.
fable to stoop over to pick up anrthin
of Cuba, says: changed by the work of men." beets make 1.07 tons of sugar. he for without e the
"Landing on the coast of Cuba, as The almost universal impression is Mr. Doerstling's compilation is the tene pain. I coui notgo u iaia exe
the writer did, one Sabbath morning that there has been a great change in result of a great deal of patient and n my hand and knee.
by chance, when our vessel ran her the climate of Florida, and that the painstaking labor and the high stand- "The doctor's treatment kept me alive
bows on the beach at Piscadora, the change is attributable to the destruc- ing of the author will give it an add- b tIdidnot get any better. IwenttoProi.
tion of the and overdene and took the electric treatment bas
consequent delay of twenty-four hours io ofthe forests, ad yet over thirty tional value as a reliable statistical became so weak thatI would noteoatuit
enabled us to make a short tour to a years ago, almost before a tree hasd tudy: The electricity seemed to afford relief w
fishing hamlet. A sugar planter liv- been cut, as great a degree of cold was 1-CANE SUGAR. while but it was not permanent.
ing near extended the hospitalities of experience as any in the past five One day my husband wa rea a
his home, a courtesy we accepted, for years. nws 'peank Psa arn averLsePent of Dr.
we found much to interest one engaged In the destruction of the orange trees iled m to ry them but I didn &t t
In horticultural pursuits, though the is it not possible that because of the ent o tothough dat I triednt
class of trees and plants is somewhat higher cultivation n the improvement COUNTRY. It is a t that I an iprotem
;3er." It is a hiat that anIm lpvesmat
different from what the nurserymanof fruit, like the higher civilization m the
comes in contact with here in the there is less hardiness, less ability to "Every doctor had told me that the
comes in contact with here in the endue te se d degree of cold than t h w eno e dntorefor mytrouble bnt my im .
states. endure the same degree of cold than ore r trouble bmt imeove
the earlier and less desirabrle fruit? CI 0 mE-t 4nntinnE- 4nn T tnnt- In
"The island of Cuba, as we well the earlier and less desirable fruit? S .. ....I7two years. At the end of hat me
The Times-Union and Citizen says1 0.9 $55rthe nerno.me. had diird, did at
know in ompoeed of various soils, all ." te told the nervousnes had disppeared, I did nt
.I aoI tol that tle rolling (I tiIe 'I l- 1)idi 1i 7I fi anl aa usom andud t eglnd anl dI
of which are rich in plant food, and pines has intensified, .the ;cold and J.ava..... .. .... 32 3.0 38 my limb. The in let me and hs nver
fertilizers are seldom used, in fact al- dried up the peninsula. Who tells th" Str'ts Settlement .. 20 1.6 41 returned. The pil also built up my gei.
most unknown. The mountains are of Borean giants when they gather them- Egypt............. 19 1.9 45 l health, andgained 55poundsinweigt
coral formation, and the lowlands are selves together in the cave of Eolus Egypt...... .... .. 19 1.9 45 "arithereoamendedtr.WiamsPtk
extremely rich in lime and phosphates. in Dakota, preparatory to a southern Reunion...... .. .. 21 1.9 6p Pills or Pale People to mnypeople al
The wealth of this island lies in the swoop, that they will encounter ten Louisiana.. .... .... 22 1.9 75 they have proved beneficial ineveryease.
fertility of her soil. The principal in- million trees more or le min Florida? Cuba.. ............ 24 1.8 40 Ma. H. T. SA.uB r.
dusatrie of Cuba have been for many What effect doth the puny works of East Indies...... ..- 1.0 Bslabeda and sworn to befre
years the cultivation of sugar cane. man have upon a continental atmos- Hawaii.. .... .. ... 22 2.8 39 CAL e L. oom1m.
Cattle raising has been an important phenic broadside, a thousand miles Argentine.... .. .... 13 1.0 ~.62 INe Ary
Industry In the past but has never wide and five miles high, flowing down Brit. W. Indies.. .. .. 2.0 47 At all drnggim ordireoto m Dr.Wlf-me
been developed to the extent which the bankful between the Alleghanies and Queensland.. .... 2.0 28 Medicine Co.cheneetady, T, I ei
natural conditions would seem to war- the Rocky mountains?" Porto Rico.. ..... 20 2.0 28 px
rant. Besides sugar, tobacco and cof- Let us hope there is no change of cli- remainder to be bought from Barbreck
fee, Cuba produces all the fruits mate and that with a little nrottetion generall average ....I 20 I 1.75 5ii remainnder to be bought from Barbre
known to the tropics and many belong- of trees the Florida orange will in the plantation and from neighboring small
ing to the temperate zone. Among these future as in the past be -n oyed in ill l planters who-own Augusta stock.
are pineapples, bananas, mango, guava its lusciousness. Syrup only is made here, for the fac-
lime and orange. This latter fruit e $ 0 tory is run as an adjunct to the Frank-
might be greatly improved by growing .Corn. g lin Sugar Refinery, which granulates
the improved varities and also the uch a cm place s cor may be syrup, so it is sent there where it is
the improved verities and also the mmnpilB eCor i )way be Q made into sugar.
great advantage to be derived from thought to have reached the end of any m_ The successful operation of Augusta
crossing with some of the native vari- development or improvement in this Germany..12.5 1.2 $49 factory, givng as it does, such satis-
eties. There are but two sea- country where the bulk of the world's Austria ......... 1.1 4 factor giving such s
sons in Cuba, the dry and the corn is grown. Yet Mr. Herbert J. France .........10 1.2 58 aging to thedevne grower, ofs enour.
rainy. The rainy season begins in Webber, of the department of agrleul- Russia. .... 1.8 60 gasin to the development of other -
May and ends in October, and two ture, who has been on a visit through gar houses, run on the same lines. Al-
thirds of the rainfall occurs during the the great corn belt of the Mississippi general aver1 i 53 ready the Upper Terrebonne bayou
months from June to October; now, Valley, states that a good deal of work l average... 1.07 planters have started the accomph-
here might be a difficulty that would is being done along the lines of corn meant of just such a move. What dis-
confront the growing of fruits not improvement and especially in an at- Augusta Co-operative Sugar Factory. trit wil be next to follow.-Planters'
native to the country, but this could tempt to secure a corn containing more The only factory In Loulsana oper. Journal.
be overootno by irrigation, as thie ooun protein which will furnish a more bal- ntod on tho0 o-operative plan, by whll
try is well watered with creeks, rivers anced ration-more nitrogen and lesscane producers reap the benefit of ow W Well leased.
and other natural reservoirs, which stacnohrn a nd is producs a i' ning stock in the sugar house, at which Largo, Fla., Nov. 20, '90.
could be used to great advantage in wel n n r a highly nitrogenous feed their cane is ground, Is the Augusta, E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
It od difclt to arrive at a td ed in a nuncion to form a bal situated in the parish of St. Landry, Gentlemen:-I used a ton of your
concl"t n would b difficult to which of ouve at anced ration or complete rood. and owned by the Augusta ugar Co. rirtlloper on my old Atdllng trees, and
rconclson l n regard to which of our "On the rich land of the west, full The factory was built by a number was well pleased with it.
fruits would do well Cuba, as nearly of humus and with an abundant nitro-of the most prominent planters on bay- Yours truly,
all experiments which were being car- gen, it Is possible," said Secretary Wil- ou Teche, who selected from them- A. M. O'Quinn.
ried on subsequent to the war were son, speaking of this work, "to build selves August Lesseps to superintend .
abandoned and suffered from neglect. up the nitrogen composition of corn, its erection and control. Until the first Subscribe for the Agriculturist and
In Santa Clara Province there were but you must supply the nitrogen of the year Mr. Lesseps resided at the keep posted.
quite a number of planters who were through the soil. If you want more factory but at that time he resigned
growing on a small scale Japanese nitrogen or protein in animal or plant, his post and is now engaged in manag- ~re *ad Kum Quat
plums, persimmona, pears, peaches and move them to heavier soils. The care- ing a large sugar estate In West Baton m i
apricots, all of Which were fruiting less saving of corn seed," he continued, Rogue, being succeeded in the manage. Nursery Stock.
and doing well, but our correspondent "simple as it seems, has cost the west- ment of Augusta by S. Robichaux, a Pecan Treess and Nuts for seed and
says that they were abandoned during ern farmer a great deal. After the se- St. Mary planter. The capacity of the table. Also a general line of Fruit
the Insurrection and but few varieties election has been made before frost house is 500 tons per day and it Is es- Trees, Roses, Shrnbs, etc. Prices.
have survived. Blackberries have of the best ears in the field, the timated that about 15,000 tons cane low. Freight paid.
been repeatedly tested, but seemed to seed should be dried as quickly as pos- will be ground this season, for the St. SUMMIT NURSERIES,
be a failure, as the varieties are not sible but it should be dried dry. At the Peter plantation, on which the factory D L. Pkirso, P
adapted to the climate. Strawberries Iowa station we built a room for seed is situated win furnish 5,000 tons, the o nl.issl r.

"-- ~ ~ .

Ourioeu 1as Begarding Nosqultoes
in ihe icienadie American ror JuiJ
7, 1900, appeared an article by Dr. L
O. Howard, in which the distinguishing
features of malarial and non-malaria
mosquitoes were. clearly pointed out
The department or Agriculture hal
now issued a momograph by Dr. How
ard on the "Mosquitoes of the Unitet
States," which, in addition to the crit
ical analysis already published in thE
Scientific American, contains matter
which is interesting, and little known
Of the abundance of mosquitoes in
all parts of the world, travelers and ex.
plorers have given ample testimony
In Lapland and Crimea, according t<
Kirby and Spence, the number of mos
quitoes is enormous. Humbolt has
given similar accounts of the condi.
tons at the mouth of the Rio Unare
In the United States mosquitoes are
found almost everywhere from Alaska
to Texas, from Maine to Callfornia.
*A curious and as yet unexplained
point, in regard to mosquito existence
is the extraordinary abundance of th<
insect at certain times upon dry prair
ies, miles away from water. Although
this fact has led Westerners to believe
that pools of stagnant water are nol
necessary for the breeding of mosqul
toes, Dr. Howard is more inclined to
attribute their presence in dry regions
to a greater longevity on the part o1
tbe aidlte atf certain lati e o thnn en:
abllng them to live from one rainy per
lod to another. Although adults hiber-
nate and live from November until
April or May in the latitude of Wash.
Ington, they die rather quickly in con-
finement in the summer. They have
been kept in glass Jars under var-
ious conditions and have thus lived for
about eight days. When they havw
been provided with a piece of ripe ban
ana, renewed every three or four days
they have lived in confinement for
two months.
Tw senit mamn mssww wasME Jo!
necessarily take nourishment; and the
adult female does not necessarily rely
on the blood of warm blooded animals
for food. The mouth parts of the male
are so different from those of the fe-
male that it is probable that if it feeds
at all it obtains its nourishment in a
manner quite different from the fe-
male. Male mosquitoes are often ob-
served sipping at drops of water, and
in one instance a fondness for molas-
ses has been recorded. They have also
boon known to sip boor and wino. The
female mosquitoes are without much
doubt plant feeders. It is generally
supposed that a highly nutritive fluid
is necessary for the formation of the
eggs; but the supposition is emphatic-
ally denied by Dr. Howard. There are
in this country enormous tracts of
marshy land into which warm-blooded
animals never find their way, and in
which mosquitoes are breeding in
oountlow numlbeS. InstanuOces lau
been recorded in which mosquitoes
have been observed feeding on boiled
potatoes and watermelon rinds. That
they do occasionally feed upon other
than warm-blooded animals has been
proven time and time again. They
have been observed feeding upon the
chraeMYnni of buttsidrflin and inHtaEr
Ing the heads of young fishes.
How far do mosquitoes fly? The
question is of no little importance, for
it mosquitoes fly great distances, ex-
terminative work on the breeding
places near a house or community is
of slight avail. Most writers agree
tfat mosqlluitos Wll not rif or ttae
flight when a brisk breeze is blowing.
and that even In light winds they keep
close to the ground. That mosquitoes
cling to the branches of trees during
a wind has often been observed. They
are so frail in structure that It seems
Impomd.i4l tSk th&j1 Srulil fi nilld
great distances by land breezes; for
a long flight presupposes an ability to
battle against wind which so feeble a
creature cannot possess. But, although
mosquitoes may not be carried along
by winds, they are sometimes trans-
ported by railway trains to the despair
of many country resorts. Mosquitoes
M,~ plOa In earm for great daitanut-s
and will start to breed in localitIes
- where moqultoes are rare.
It lua mesb quli **t hn among

. entomologists whether or no mosaui-
toes can Dreed in mun. lDr. Howara's
. experiment and investigations tend to
g show that the larvae will live in wet
1 mud for some little time and that they
will even transform after water has
L ,I-tii nddid. 15 06 f& Fe W6? 1&P8& PF-
- vived after the water had been drawn
I off for more than forty-eight hours.

Wind to Pull Stumps.
r Utilizing the wind as a stump-puller
* is an Oregon innovation. It was the
idea of the farmer at the state peni-
- tentiary, whose task was to clear six
* acres, and with the aid of the wind he
'cleared the whole tract in six weeks,
- although the timber was a dense
s growth, the first measuring from one
* to four feet in diameter. The winds
* in the quarter blew strong from the
e south at this season. The farmer put
a his men to work on the north side of
the grove. Theycut a log and dragged
I it close to the north side of the bases
, of the fir trees and then cut the sur-
e face roots of the trees that were to be
* felled. The preparations were made
Sduing the first day, and then the men
e went home to rest and slept while the
t wind did the rest. During the night
" a strong south wind blew the trees
o down, and they, in falling across the
s logs, pulled up the top roots. The
f next day the men sawed up the fallen
- fres, itamst I aB etsh aSs liMS tfid?
- logs for another lot of trees. They pro-
- needed in this way until the whole
I grove had disappeared.
5 *
Horticulture a Science.
- A quarter of a century ago people
. jumped into horticulture in the belief
* that all that was required was to nut
. out plants, set fruit trees and let na-
i ture do the rest, while they waited for
r wealth that was sure to come. It was
not considered necessary by the mass
*or opojIle tlnt niny !,I__l loIwng.l i
or judgment was necessary to insure
success. The result has been more
failures than successes all along the
, line. Nature, however generous she
_ may be with promises, is nevertheless
s a coy maiden and somewhat of a flirt,
and a good deal of a coquette. Like
any other maiden worth having, she
.had to be persistenly wooed if her
Ss'miles are to be secured. The horti-
_ cultural swain must know lbs business
* and attend to it, or the harvest is not
his_ These truths aro coming to he
better understood, and horticulture is
beginning to be studied as an art.
Slovenly fruit growers are going back
to corn, wheat and stock, leaving legi-
timate horticulture to those who de-
vote energy and intelligence to the bus-
iness. In this lays the hope of the fu-
ture of horticulture.-Fruit Growers'
4 *
Pitaappl Pfiitern.
A visit to the pinery of W. Sumnerl
proved one of great pleasure as
well as a very great surprise in
learning of the advancement Mr. Sum-
ner has made in the preparation of the
finest pineapples ever placed on the
While Mr- numnrr's ninsry is not as
large as some yet it shows a most won-
derful development of plants. He has
a very fine grade of Smooth Cayennes,
and is kept busy killing orders for
One apple was brought to our atten-
tion which showed a most wonderful
dcvclopncui. it was a Mx or aortn
pound apple, and had eight healthy
growing slips attached to It, which
alone bring $1 on the market, making
apple and sprouts worth about $1.40.
At home Mr. Sumner is trying dif-
ferent ways of raising plants, so that
if there in any rs BfrfF s hS w!! oll
know it. He is an enthusiast on pine-
apple growing and spends much of his
time among his plants.-Tampa Tri-

A ito lady, ouad of he dtainess and
notees in the head by Dr. Nicholson's
Anstioal Ear Druinm gav (iU0,00 to thi
In mt o a t iti daid ms aas t I
procure the Bar Drums may tave them
free. Addrem 13* The NIcbolam In-
eithtu M9 slrr.k IarsLe Nw 3mLr


IFor honest trGatmeGnt and a spedy cure WritW
or go to Dr. J. Newton Hathaway whose
1 n f t6in i 1 n cuf'fiin t u (l+i 6 nt oEf


satisfactory results. Consultation n"bya Free.

Bl Poiso Contracted or ered-
Stary Byphllis in all its
terrible stages, producing copper-colored
spots on face or body, little ulcers on the
tongue, in the mouth or throat, falling out of
the hair or eyebrows, decay of the flesh or
nes, completely and forever eradicated
without the use of Injurious drugs, leaving
the system In a pure, strong and health-
ul state.
Va eoe e l or enlarged reins, which
lead to a complete loss of
sexual power; also Hydrocele, Gonorrhoea,
Olsat. Stricture and all PrRvate d Yonoroal
Diseases and Weakn~es of men quickly

Kidney and Ur'lary PuD,
cult, Too Frequent, Bloody or Milky Urine:
all functional diseases of the Heart, Lunlg,
Liver and Stomach; also Catarrh, Rupture,
Rheumatism, Piles, Fistula and al Blood
and Skin Diseases and all Female Disamms
treated according to the latest and best
methods known to medical science.
fHle Tead* By correspon-
H Tr I .dence always s -
cesaful. Write for freebookjust published ad
Symptom blank i you cannot call.
Dr. Hathaway bCe.,
SIBrya Street, Msam-h. Sm

Corn, Hay, Oats,

And all kinds of Feed Stuff at Pock Bottom Prices.

Oats, 125 pound White Clipped -

Oats, 125 pound Mixed, -

Corn, II0 pound Mixed, -

Bran, pure, in hundred pound sacks

Hay, Number I, -
All F. O. B. Cars Jacksonville.



- 88

Realizing that many people are so located that they have
not access to first class feed stores that keep a fresh stock of
feed stuff on hand we have arranged to fill small orders at but
a small advance over large lots,-large lots at bottom prices.
No orders filled except where accompanied by the cash. Pri-
ces good for 15 days. If prices go lower you get the benefit.

Florida Grain & Feed Co.,

Lock Box 464, Jacksonville, Fla.
This firm will fill all orders as advertised E.O. Painter & Co.

SEE w M Jrvilk, FL.

Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets. Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
application. Address
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE ORIFFINO BROTHER'S CO.,
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... JacksevUle, Fla.

$4.00 for $2.00tt
Seed you must have to make a garden, and the AOBICULTURIST ybO should have to be a
sncessful gardner. You can get them both at the price o0 one. Send us one new subscriber
and $2 and we will send you the following list of choice Garden Seed from the catalogue of

seans, Exira iLariy ned Yaieun
tine.. ........ .. .. .... .10
New Strtngless Green
Pod. ............. .... .10
Dwarf German Black
W ax............ .... .10
Burpees Large Bush Li-
mnin.. .- ... In
Beets, Extra Early Eclipse ...... .5.
Imperial Blood Red Tur-
nip...... .. .... ...... .5
Cabbage, Select Early Jersey
Wakefield ...... .. .... .5
Early Summer........ ... .5
Griffing's Succession .... .5
Cauliflower, Extra Early Paris .. 10
Celery. Golden Self Blanching.... .10
.ueumberr Impraored WhbIte uinie: -:5
Long Green Turkish.... .5

FKgg Fiant, urninug-a improved
Thornless ............ .10
Lettuce, Big Boston.. .. .. .... .5
Onions, Red Bermuda.. ........ .10
Griming's White Wax.... .10
Peas, Alaska.. .... .......... .10
Champion of England.... .10
P'clllcr.; Inm OcJennc-_ _.. i
Ruby King......... .. .5
Radishes, Wonderful .......... .5
Griffing's Early Scar-
let.. ................ .5
Earley Scarlet Erfurt.... .5
Tomatoes, Beauty.............. .B
Money Maker........ ... .5
Turnips, Griffing's Golden Ball.. .. .5
Pomeranian White Globe
Ruta Bagas, Bloomsdale Swede.... .5

Address FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla,


Asserting One's Rights. cret?" asked a lady of Turner, the dis- --- ----- -
"Whenever a man comes to me with tinguished artist "I have no secret,"
was the reply, "btut hard work." AndN GET
a grievance and wants me to take a that is the only secret that will make
SgS rOy himl*" said an eminent lawyer. ronlly i su-eaul man out of a boy,
**I wait a while before I grt (0) t 't rich or poor. VWo R, Ur moM i S IUfe Ii a n
as his council and let him talk. If he all the doctors in the world.-The Ad- LOA D S
has a great deal to say about asserting vance.
his rights, and that he is bound to . -- I
teach somebody a lesson, I am very Living on Coooanuts. 4
cautious how I proceed. The value of the cocoanut as food is Insist upon having them, take no others and you will get the bestshells that money can bay.
"I learned very many years ago that shown in a story from Pemba, Africa. ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
the people who have the most to say One cocoanut, night and morning kept ,,,, .. -,, , , ,, ,- v.,, ..
about their rights and wrongs, and a man alive for seven months under ----
who fancy themselves the most deeply most cruel and trying circumstances.
Injured, are quite likely to be those The man was a slave named Muftah,
who are the least regardful of the who ran away from his master, an
rights of others. I really think there Arab, named Ali Bin Adullah. His
Is a form of mental obliquity that master recaptured him, then treated
makes otherwise sensible persons blind him with horrible cruelty. He was put a
to their own shortcomings. Surely they in irons, which were welded on his
can not realize their failings or see flesh near the ankles, and the irons SOUTH BOUND (Lead Down.) In aeot Sept.8 O ("d 10 0O t B ORUbND.
that they are the aggressors. in that were attached by a bar to a cleft tree. No. NoNo; o o
they demand very much more than For seven months was Muftah kept B.- Da ily Dl ly o. R. TATIONS. No 4i
their due, and that most of their trou- in this position, exposed to all changes -ex T Lv ........J ........ A
ble comes from the fact that those with of weather, enduring noon-day heat *. 0i lAr........ AtvL.....
whom they come in contact have en- and evening chill, the torments of in- ... 6:2J: 11 l v ....... A. ......r t ...
dured until endurance is no longer sects and semi starvation. A cocoanut ::::S 1s Ar:::tt"""
plossllmr. ant it) ,fars-r d I is? st .t?! niurt and morning. wan lila only aid bl IF)" i. -r-
rise il revolt against rurtler encro i- and drink. He was eventually rescued _. ii r..... ... ......
ment, and the strange part of it all Is by H. M.'s Consul at Pemba. Dr. O'- S .. 0tp ...Ar..........8.Mnateo......... .... i
that the trespassers will furnish what Sullivan, who had him sent to Zanzi- -- s ....... ion MateS .........Ar .
they consider the very best of reasons bar. That he lived so long under such ... t
for their conduct, and are so deeply conditions is a matter of surprise, and ... ... .... ....
grieved at criticism that one can speaks well for the food value of the a .......:.
scarcely find it possible to get an ad- cocoanut.-Produce World. .... ..... .
verse word in edgeways.", .. .......... it tl ........ ... .. 1
In discussing this subject of per- Ume Water and Old Age.
one of the company declared that dur- It is thought by many modern phys- -.. ... ..... J""wl...... Ga l .......... 11 .
ing i thi years o practice he h icians that the ossification of the sys- : :::::::::: ..........M u......... l ... ......
ing his thirty years of practice he had t e, or tion. of :ties ............ .e. ........... 12 ............ l .
observed that the most persistent al(l tem, or the conversion of manv tissues..
observed tha the most resitent o it gristle, Is one ofthe great-.........St .......... ........
tenacious sticklers for their rights intob e s one of th g St. :uet liM.
est enemies of longevity. .... ...... t f ........ -iere ......... M ....0........
were persons who had been brought up Editor Jos. edll, of the Chicago ....
by themselves, or were only children. Tribune has taken a new lease of life .. ... *& ... e .. 10 s ....
who had, from injudicious training, since he became 71, by drinking water 1 .....
come to believe that their turn must be only after it has been distilled. In this ::.... sp -........or ........ t
served first, and all others must wait way he gets rid of the lime which he ...........S P ...... WstP -teaUh...... $* ...... .....
ience, claims is the great cause of physical .......... s.......... ........... ..
their pleasure and suit their convene ills as men grow old. Since he has be- ........... .... L oderdle ....." s .
This is a world of give and take. No gun the use of distilled water his rheu- p........... 1 .........m ity........" 2 ............
man woman or child has a right to matism and indigestion have disap- t Parlor Oar on Trains and 78.
anything but justice, and if justice peared. his heart works normally and
were fully meted out many of us might his spirits are as cheerful as a school BtweOe Jaok@onville, Pable Beach and Maynort.
fare rather badly. The best that can boy's. Getting rid of the lime is not o-*7iNo o. -17 o1I.I, INo.16 No.18Jo
be made of life is got when we are the only, and perhaps the most impor- sa ie aTIoe. D .y o ;
willing and able to deal fairly and hon- tant, result of using distilled water. It TT LT. ...............Jacnvie................ Ar ~ s i-
orably with all creatures. There is a is worthy of note that the larger part l .............. Jao nvine.............. Lv 7 4 ......
proper regard for self that must not be of mankind in China and India have "** .... ** 4
lost aight of in all our doings. Injus- for ages used water boiled in making - """ t ."f
tice to our own Interests is as culpa- tea. They consider it more healthful lBtwoen ew mpra amn Ora e Between Tituville and Sametd.
ble as injustice to others, and the gold- but it is probably the boiling, rather City J atio. No.11l TATIONS. 0ea
en rule never was meant to shield than the nicotine in the tea which No.1., TAION&. No.~. L...........Titutille ........
those who do nothing and want every makes the hot drink more conducive to -v.SL O... .m ..
thine Aswertin one' riht is all health. The fact that tea-drinking na- 4. ." .:""a. .' .......l" k eiS .......... fitr ....... i
thing. Asserting one's rights is all tions are the most populous is evidence &, IN.. I ...........Si: .... ...
very well when there a re early de- of the healthfulness of this beverage asA b A t
of the healthfulness of this beverage as Ali ims" betwen. 3t w Smyrn and C aAra
fined rights to assert, but when there a drink. sOi u dsy. daIyI, oeptsV,.
is an evident disposition to take advan- .r .a rime'%bm e ow t ua t a wkteh arh s maZee be oted toriv tad
tage of the good nature and kind- Appreciates Good Work.. t om se s u ba t alr m.val aor f arta t or I ta.d Is *ot
heartedness of others it is time to call = 11 ain t oy h t S
a halt.-New York Ledger. Messrs. E. O. Painter & Co., tift OAVW
SI am just in receipt of mOy copy of Peninsular and Occidental SS o
BuMy People Selctom Troubled wi th e Horticuftural report and must com- nin l ar iand c iUen ail S. 3. Co.
B Peplhe l Troubled with pliment you on the beauty of the me- COOMNNO'IONI AT MIAMI.
tWorkuis.chanical execution. It is really beaut- HAVANA
Work is the best possible antidote if and you may justly ud HAVANA UNB. *
to woe. When in trouble of any kind I have had quite a little e experience 4 . i
go to work with all your might. Work in having work done and have rarely m. t
when feeling "a little out of sorts" Is ein having work donte adon o reced yur u ......... NI9 .S. .
surer cure than any medicine the i t to our est hos Iin e north. .. I. -.
doctor can give you. A busy person is With best whes fo ur ninued KeY W LI

tive l yuebuof worku I remain mosutaayppre
throes, anarchists or "firebrands" in es of work, I remain most apprea-
the community. There is nothing bet- AtivelYoursh i me Ie,'a b.md' mim ,
ter to keep mischief out of the head De Land Fla. A. W .i thmermeo mst s m am A.
than to keep busy at something use
ful. The secret of success in life is
to keep busy. to be persevering, pa- OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST. A HTth MO -
tient and untiring in the pursuit or For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath- AEH IL N .
calling you are following. The busy away has so successfully treated rftO C COOOOOOOOC. Passnge r serve.
ones may now and then make mistakes chronic diseases that he is acknowledg- Florida a To make close connec-
but it Is better to risk this than to be ed to-day to stand at the head of his t onswith steamers leave
idle and inactive. Keep doing, wheth- profession in this line. His exclusive New York Jacksonville (Union de-
er it be at work or at seeking recrea- method of treatment for Varicocele pot) Thursdays 8:15 a. m.
tion. Motion is life. and the busiest and stricture without the aid of knife Phila-" (F. C. & P. By.)or Feran-
are the happiest. Cheerful, active la- or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all d delns h1:a & ., vieame m
}*fsS S!gg. JJ""' n ? Ifa so e l ma. nf ,oss o delphia &berland steamer; meals
indulged in, promotes grief and often Vital rorceM, -Iterous i a, Bo_ tooi t ar 1n t :am 1
selfishness. Help such sufferers by en- ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly- ar. Brin ms c r 1 .
couraging them to be up and doing; sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca- From Braunswick direct to ag inS lyyabon lsteam
rouse them to a sense of the duties that tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women, New York.cmsa o er.
await them, and the welfare of others he is equally successful. Dr. Hath- PROPOBEIDIAILIrNGS for Aug.. 800o.
that depend upon them, and you have away's practice is more than double NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWIC GA., DIRECT TO MEW YORK. LEAVING EKVRY
done more to comfort them permanent- that of any other specialist. Cases DAY AS FOLLOWS:
ly than you could do by many words. pronounced hopeless by other phyai- S. S. RIO GRANDE... ...... ................... .... ........Aug.
Yet such efforts to be effective should clans, rapidly yield to his treatment. S. S COLORADO ............ ...... ..u..1..0 .. ... .
have no touch of harshness or rough- Write him to-day fully about your cae. 8. 8. SAN MARCO.. .. .. ........., ,,. .. .... .. .. ....A g. 10
ness. An old philosopher says, "The He makes no charge for consultation Fo, owt Mot srto and A utrmati to p
fire fly only shines when on the wing, or advice, either at his office or by BASIL II*
so it is with the mind, When once we mall. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D. 25 w. Bay tvet, JacksonIlu 1.
ge we darke," "What is your so- Bryaa Street, S. naub, Ga. ca. SSa s U.eB r ,N Io



Atr.lTiaLima DPA~' Bl'M T.
All communications or enquirie for this de
apartment should be addressed to
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.

Mequirementa of Grops.
Red clover is able, under favorable
circumstances, to gather $15 worth of
nitrogen for each acre seeded to the
crop. It is not claimed, however, that
it does gather that much except in very
few cases, but it is a possibility appre-
ciated only by those who understand
the nature of the clover family to
which belong peas and beans. A. D.
McNair. in Michigan Farmer, says in
regard to legumes that it is the spec-
ial character of clovers, beans, peas
and other legumes or "pod" plants that
utilize the nitrogen which is in
the air spaces of the soil through the
agency of bacteria which are in the
root nodules or tubercles on these
plants. Wheat, corn, oats, timothy,
potatoes and other farm crops have no
such tubercles on their roots and must
get their nitrogen from the nitrates of
the soil.
When it is known that the nitrogen
(in nitrates or ammonlates) costs 10 to
15 cents per pound In the market and
that a ton of clover hay contains 40
and sometimes 10 pounds of nitrogen,
It is quickly seen why it is Important
to understand "legumes."
It is a mistake to suppose that le-
gumes always get their nitrogen in the
manner described. Sometimes the soil
is too sour for the root tubercles to de-
velop, In which case lime is a good
thing. Sometimes nitrates are so abun-
dant in the soil that the roots find it
easier to absorb nitrates, as the roots
of non-leguminous plants do, than to
develop the requisite tubercles. If,
however, the soil is not acid or sour
and if its physical condition is such
that it holds moisture well, then le-
guminous crops will grow well without
any nitrogen except what comes from
the air, provided there is plenty of
potash and phosphoric acid.
It follows from what has been said
that It Is a waste of money to use a
nitrogenous fertipsgr 9g a le9gminaOu
crop, except it be a very little to give
it a start off, but it would be well to
use from 50 to 100 pounds muriate of
potash and 150 to 300 pounds of acid
phosphate per acre where there are any
Indications that these plant foods are
It should be borne in mind that what-
ever extra growth of clover or other
legume is due to the muriate of pot-
ash and acid phosphate enables the
crop to gather just that much more ni-
trogen from the air than it would have
gathered without being fertilized.
Use potash and phosphate to get more
nitrogen from the air. It sometimes
happens that very good results are ob-
tained by applying nitrates to legumes
which may appear to contradict a pre-
vious statement, but In such a case
there is something wrong with the root
Fertilizers for legumes should be
broadcasted and this is good advice for
any crop. The fertilizer should be
where the feeding roots are, and they
are better distributed than most peo-
ple think. To bring a fertlizer into
actual contact with the seed is usu-
ally an Injury.
Where stable manure and commer-
cial fertilizers are used on the same
farm it is best to use the manure on
non-leguminous crops and the fertil-
izer (potash and phosphate) on legum-
inous cops. An exception to this is the
crop of potatoes, which are much
smoother and freer from scab where
fertilizers are used than where stable
manure is used.-Michigan Farmer.
The advice and talk regarding fertil-
izing legumes is very good providing
the legume to be raised is not a mar-
ketable crop. We have heard the same
adivee given for pea and bean fertil-
izing. The bean may be able to get
along without any ammonia but our
experience of twenty years of garden-
ing teaches us that nothing shows a
quicker repoasae to nitrogen than

beans, and if a profitable crop is to be
expected a well proportioned fertilizer
must be used. This is more especially
the case with English peas. There are
some legumes that are great foragers
and have the faculty of helping them-
selves to plant food in the soil or in the
air and make a most wonderful
growth. But nearly all of these plants
are grown during the rainy season and
large amount of nitrogen are drawn
down to the soil by rain. If any
one will make a test of a few rows of
legumes with and without ammonia.
fertilizer they will find that ammonia
has the most wonderful and electri-
fying effect,
C *
Xanurc Heap.
Editor Fertilizer Department.
In your issue of August 29, appears
an article on the "Right Sort of Manure
Heap" the article Is good and instruc-
tive in many respects, but terribly er-
roneous as applied to our state and cal-
culated to do harm. My experience
proves that to expose the manure heap
to the rains in our climate will leach
every bit of material value out of it
so don't ao it, rothoe rarmers. KoopP
it under cover, wet and watch it, cov-
ering it with land plaster to catch and
hold the ammonia and as it heats, wet
it again to prevent burning. At the
end of three months cut it down, mix-
ing half a ton of kanit to a ton of com-
post, cover again with land plaster
(gypsum) and in sixty to ninety days
you have manure of real value. But
itf you proceed as the "Country Gentle-
man's" article describes it would not
be worth the hauling out according to
my experience.
Jno. D. Green.
Sea Side, Sept. 7, 1900.

And (or).
Editor Fertiliser Department.
I have just bought my fall fertilizer
and found on the tags besides the anal-
yale the following.
"This fertilizer is compounded from
Bone, Phosphatic Guano, Dried Blood,
Meat and (or) Fish, Sulphate of Am-
monia, and (or) Nitrate of Soda, Sul-
phate of Potash, and (or) Muriate of
Potash, Sulphuric Acid.
What does the "and (or)" mean? It
makes the thing look fishy. D. R. S.
The fertilizer laws of the state re-
quire that on each tags there
shall be given the source of the
plant food of which the fertilizer is
made. The "and (or)" enables the
manufacturer to use any one of the In-
gredients or all of then as his stock
and the cost may best suit his purpose.
In this case the grower never knows

the soil, thus about 20 per cent of the
plant is air, or was taken and made up
into plant life and organization from
the air. The most necessary plant pro-
ducing food obtained from the air is
nitrogen and this forms four-fifths of
the air.
About 5 per cent of plant food comes
directly from the soil. It would seem
then that the soil has little to do in
making up plant growth. So far as
bulk or quantity goes this is true, but
without this seemingly small amount
there would be no plant growth. Then
the soil is made the reservoir to hold
all these plant foods and where they
are made into forms suitable for the
use of plants.These elements cannot be
used by plants until they are dissolved
ia water and this the soil must contain
in abundant quantity. The sun fur.
nishes the needed heat and light. The
atmosphere contains stores of air ele-
ments and from the rains and dews
and streams the moisture is supplied.-
Farmer's Guide.
Casey-"See here! that dollar ye lent
me yesterday was a countrfelt."
Cassidy-"Well, Casey, didn't ye say
ye wanted it bad?"-Judge.
His Preference.
Sutherland, Fla., Nov. 25, '99.
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksosville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I don't wish to flatter
any one, but must say that you are
my preference among the many fertili-
zeer firms with whom I have dealt in
your town and I hope to give you my
business. Yours Truly.
J. C. Craver.

BMk ou ow o18
every week, ra'n or shine, manufac-
turing and selling SGARINE-make it in
yourown home. Fifty percent cheaper than
sugar. One drop sweetens cup tea or coffee.
Sells in every household. W will mal you
this formula and other valuable information
on receipt of 10c silver. Bay no more sugar,
but write today, go to work and make good
wages at home. No license. No tax. Ad-
dress PALIHETTO SUPPLY CO.. Bes eas, Do.
Land, Florila. tt

Parties intending visiting Cuba will
do well to correspond with me about
lands, etc. Use 5c. postage.
Quiebra Hacha, Cuba.
P. delRio Province.


Anyone ending a sket aed d-eelptin my
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an
inrentlon is probably antabla. Communila.
rctlconfi;denRl. Hadbookn Patents

Noa 0

o 0,< 4z
cO P r-h hO C

(3N0 E-
c 3 0. 0

oqg -I ffl

0-"' N (
gi. ts crs

Sa N

00. w w
: E. a o C
a 0

0 alSOI Cos

!, rA c a 04 w g pe

p;a A 0~~

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just what he is getting. He may be "Paten t han trouh Mu re eile i .IFLE. i
getting muriate potash when he ought df u a the
to have sulphate as in the case of fer- iHI JficL z It "Takes Down."
A handsomely ilutrat weekly. Leigest eir.
tilzer for orange trees, or he may be culation of any ieno iournal. Te ms $3
getting sulphate when muriate would ear: four months, $. B byaU newdealers
answer best, as in the case of fertilizer "BrSni &Co.sWei- Newa or
Brace. h U' St=. W=h lu-e tM DC.
for cabbage, lettuce, celery, etc. The
analysis tag that says "made from" or M q 22-inch barrel, weight 41 pound.
"made exclusively from" is the most Caefully bored and tested For
reliable. Don't be fooled by a big anal- F I No. 17.
ysis or a whole string of ingredients Plain O n Sghts, $600
with "and (or)" stuck in.
* No.18.
source of Plant Lfe. E E Target Sghts, $&50
The source of food for the plants we grow paying crope became there Ask our dealer for the FAV
grow in the soil, the atmosphere and ftesh and always s -be.. Por RwllTEnd, prepa d, oe receipt o
water. Of the latter three times more ale everywhere. Refuse ubtteute.
is usedthan all otherelements con- eea a i ie.
is used thanal other elements con- tick to frr' Sa and prosper. Send stamp for complete cats-
sumed or used in plant growth. The 1m Seed Annual re. Wrts or It. I sho our full line, with val-
average is about 75 per cent, although D. FERRY A CO. a. L bgle information regarding riles
some plants are 95 and 98 per cent and ammunition in general
water. It requires about 300 pounds
of water to rodce one pound ofBI-ULPID O CARBON. J. T AID TOOL CO.
chemically dry plant. Hence the nee BI-SUL OF CARBON. J. I n
essity of plenty of moisture in growing or use in granaries to kill weevil, to de- P.O. Bo
stroy rate and goehers and to keep in- CHICOPEE FALLS. MASS.
farm crops. Taking out 75 per cent of sts from the seed. nd t o Leep C OP- P S.
water and applying heat and burning 0 CENTS PER POUND,
the dry matter about 20 of the 25 per
cents goes into the air, leaving 5 per t up n ten and often pound canLs Plant your fall ad in the Agricultur-
cent o e ogin lant ten extra for the ean. 19te You will be pleased with the re-
cent of the original plant to return to E.0. PAINTER & CO., Jadsonvvlle. suiat.

The Tangent Fruit Brushers.
Patented Mch. 8, 1898 & Apr. 11 189.
These machines for brushing and
polishing fruit will greatly improve the
appearance of any pack of oranges or
lemons at a very slight cost, and with-
out damage to the fruit.
They aro past the experimental stags
having brushed more than 10,000 cars
of these fruits in California.
Circulars on application.
Riverside, Cal.




Entered at the postoffice at DeLand, Flor-
id, a second class matter.

Publishers and Proprietors.

Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
Members of
AfHliated with the
One year, sinle subscription ......... 2.00
WK Nasmsi. AIl sintcriDaionn::* 1-99
Single copy................................. 06
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
Articles relating to any topic within the
coe of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
ae u se ataa a ,. *{0 reWal amsw 22 a
gusrntee on somo ias. no annJm&nas sun-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
-ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
sponsible in case of loss. When personal
bld e are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and S cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the ad-
dr of their paper changed MUST give the
old as well as the new address.


Orange Protection.
We receive letters from parties inter-
ested in orange culture wanting to
know If we expect to get out another
protctlcun elRtIonU For EOumv t)mv we
though of doing this but after going
over the field we find that, while there
has been some advancement and devel-
opments along the line of information,
that there was not enough new mater-
ial to warrant the getting out of a
special edition. Therefore we are pub-
lishing such information from time to
time as presents itself.
The growth of trees under the sheds,
that have been built for one or two
years, has been satisfactory, and in
most cases the sheds have been in-
creased. One of the principle features
-that has been brought out through the
year's experience is the fact that the
trees under the sheds require a great
deal less ammonia than they do in the
open. This is due to two causes. The
"li is DpotactF from tile not gsun so
there is no escape of ammonia in this
way. It is a well known fact that the
direct rays of the sun on the bare field
will drive out more ammonia from the
soil than a crop will take up. Shade
helps to husband ammonia so that
the amount that comes down in the
rain is held within reach of the plants.
Orange trees that have been boxed
bave been troubled more or less with
scale insects during the summer. Had
the owners known that this would
have resulted they could have de-
stroyed the scale insects by fumigating
before the boxes were taken down,
The protection that the boxes afforded
the trees was given also to scale,
so that it is necessary to take this into
account and make use of every oppor-
tunity to eradicate the pest.
Mr. John B. Stetson, of DeLand, is
so thoroughly satisfied with the out-
look that he has continued to increase
the acreage under his shed so that he
now has in the neighborhood of fifty

acres covered. Mr. H. B. Stevens, who
has charge of all this work, has so
perfected a plan for erecting sheds
that he can put up and cover two acres
a week and with only a small force of
men at that.
The latest device for protecting the
orange tree is one studied out by Mr.
E. W. Johnson, of Palatka. He makes
his "box" in the shape of a hen coop
and it is so arranged that the sides can
be lifted apart to give the trees vein-
tilation when needed. The ends are
made of boards cut at an even length
but put together in the form of stairs
so that as the tree grows older and
taller another step can be added at the
bottom, which thus enables him to use
the same ends from year to year. The
lumber is cut in such length that all
of it can be used in forming the side of
a shed to cover the whole grove later.
Mr. Johnson's protecting devise has
the advantage of simplicity of construc-
tion and the fact that nearly all, if not
aI 1 :iass J C Rs B012a lqaalU
With as many practical men at work
on the subject of protection as Florida
is at present producing, we feel no
hesitancy in saying that this question
will be solved in the course of a few
years and the best method of shedding
will have been brought out. The Flor-
ida growers have the faculty of ham-
mering away until they accomplish
their purpose, and we believe it will
not be long before there will be many
carloads of oranges shipped from the
sections that two or three years ago
were thought to be "too far north."
0 f
Tobacco Crop Sold at Good Prices.
Editor Florida Agriculturist.
The at ws B -- ii ag S"S
with tobacco growers. all of whom sold
this years tobacco crop at prices rang-
ing from sixteen to twenty-five cents
per pound. They sold to brokers, who
bought last year. Thus showing con-
clusively that our product gave satis-
faction which caused higher prices
paid this year than last. We have it
all shipped and bulked or boxed. Most
of the crop (five sixths) was Sumatra
and was primed off the stock while
green. The crop is to be delivered right
away and the strawberries will be
planted in September and October,
and the tobacco growers will plant
Irish potatoes in February, market
them in April and plant same land in
tobacco which will be followed in Oc-
tober with berries.
F. W. Emery.
Dade county, Fla., Sept 19.
Georgia State Fair.
Editor Plorid AgrioultliAt;
I will greatly appreciate it as
a special favor if you will grant me a
space enough in your journal to say
that the Georgia State Fair for the
current year will be held at Valdosta
Oct. 29-Nov. 4. It will be an old time
Agricultural Fair conducted under the
auspices of the Georgia State Agricul-
ural society, on up-to-date plans. The
management have provided liberally
for exhibits in farm products, live
stock, poultry, etc.
Valdosta, a city of 7000 inhabitants
is in the midst of the prosperous wire
grass section of Georgia-quite near
the Florida line. Magnificent country,
new field for exhibits and inviting to
visitors. Yours truly,
Martin V. Calvin,
Sec. Ga. State Agrl. Soc.

The Pineapple Industry.
Orlando's favorite industry is boom-
ing. Every owner of a pinery In this
vicinity is crowding his plants for the
market, setting out new plants and
enlarging his pinery with a vim
which shows his faith in the ultimate
profit of pineapple raising. There will
Sbe a very large output of fruit in this

county and a great deal of cash will
be realized from shipments this fall.
Among the many who are enlarging
and improving their pineries we notice
that Joseph Bumby. who has already
a very fine and complete pinery, is en-
The Butler & Martin Pinery com-
pany are building a commodious pack-
ing house near their pinery, to be ready
for the shipping season. Their pinery
is in excellent condition and some of
the finest fruit which has ever been
sent from this county will be shipped
this fall from the Butler & Martin
C. B. Thornton has already added
one acre to his five-acre pinery, and
will enlarge to eight acres this year.
Pepper & Meisterman have recently
rpeoted a now winery to the extent of
two ies, wchit Is filled twith choice
plants. H. Benedict comes with two
acres more.
C. S. Van Houten, the veteran pine-
apple grower adds two acres to his al-
ready large acreage.
Geo. Russell. who has set out more
pineapple plants and built more pin-
eries than any one in this part of
America. will set out twelve acres,

A new pinery has been completed
and tilled with plants for Miss Dew-
hurst, of Connecticut; and a new one
acre pinery has just been completed
for Mr. Palmer, of Massachusetts.
W. R. Polk, of Wilmington, Del.,
has made two purchases within a few
dayd. He bought the Person & Har-
ris pinery located on the wes. side of
Hughey street, and has also bought
from J. H. Rollins, a fifteen acra tract
on Lake Idlewilde, south of town, a
part of which will be prepared immed.
ialc;y for the growing of pineapples.
C. W. Fielding, a successful grower.
is organizing a company, with Con-
necticut capital, for the purpose of en-
larging more extensively.
J. N. Wright has just completed set-
ting an acre adjoining Mr. Benedict's.
Ivf yar (Ft2Bntr in sr;Eai vmm5
iarge plants and they are making a
vigorous growth.
The money spent in making these
improvements is furnishing employ-
ment to a large number, and is mak-
ing good business for all classes of our
people as well as the pineapple men,
who, we are pleased to know are reap-
ing a harvest as a result of their enter-
prise and energy.-Orlando Sentinel
Vanilla Culture in Bengal.
During these last few years attention
has been greatly drawn to products
which were likely to succeed in India
and give satisfactory results. The cul-
tivation of vanilla has been taken in
hand more than once, but somehow it
has never had, really speaking, a thor-
ough trial; the trial was not carried
up, the work of fertilizing the flowers
on long enough, although it was shown
that this plant grows and fruits in Ben-
gal without any diticulty. The exper-
iments in the Alipore gardens have not
been carried out on such an elaborate
scale as were attempted in several
places in Bengal some years ago: in
fact the plants were here growing al-
most in a wild state in a mango grove,
and such as they were, they served all
the more to show what little trouble
there is attached to their cultivation
This experiment has been conducted
under the above mentioned conditions
just to show that anybody possessing
a grove of mango trees can raise a crop
of vanilla without any further expense
than the purchase of the plants to form
a stock. In the gardens the vanilla
was planted at the base of the trees in
good leaf mould, mixed with plenty
of brick refuse, as drainage for the
young plants; once put down they
practically grew at their own sweet
will, and soon attained fine vigorous
growth. If this was done with a view
of continuous production, the plants
should not be allowed to grow over a
certain height, say fifteen feet, as a
maximum; if allowed to climb higher
would become almost impossible. Last
year, in the beginning of March, the
plants showed their flower buds, the
plants then were occasionally syringed,
and by the 10th of April the first flow-

ers were fertilized. At the end of that
month the flowers, which had set,
looked dried up, but still stuck to the
pods. which were then beginning to
lengthen out.
The main thing in growing vanilla is
of course the time when the flowers
must be fertilized. This has to be done
artificially. If left to themselves, per-
haps. not one in a thousand would give
a pod. This operation is thus of the
greatest importance, and should be
done very carefully: on it depends the
whole result of one year's trouble. The
modus operandi can, of course, better
be shown than described: it requires
a little practice and a steady hand be-
fore one can do it quickly without
spoiling the flowers or losing the pol-
len, etc. One must first of all prepare
a little piece of bamboo cut into the
shane of a toothpick: in fact. I have
done tle [ertlllzation with tiis last
named article and it answered admir-
The anatomy of the flowers is some-
what different from the general run
of other orchid flowers. At the ex-
tremity of the gynostemium there is a
little cap covering the pollen; the first
operation is thus to lift this cap and
carefully take the pollen masses out on
ric endl of thr. tainthlriho. tffiretli
this Arst rec Ltacl is anoiter nltlu
lip covering the stigma;under this lip
will be found the stigma covered with
a sticky liquid. The second operation
consists in lifting this lip with the very
point of the toothpick, holding already
the pollen: then, when the stigma is
fully exposed, by a gentle twist apply
the pollen on to it. When one has re-
peated this operation systematically a
few times, it is really wonderful how
quickly one can preform it. The seg-
ments of the flowers should be drawn
well back so as to facilitate the opera-
tion, and held with the left hand to-
gether with the ovary; the operation
of applying the pollen should be per-
formed with the right, at the same time
join the tips of the little fingers to
steady both hands.
The pollen adheres very firmly to the
stigma. and when once properly ap-
pii. there is lIttile chhance of iEt fall
Ing off. After the operation of fertil-
izing has been attended to, very little
remains to be done. Nature then takes
the matter in hand, and one has but
patiently to wait the further develop-
ment. The first sign by which one can
detect whether the flower has set to
fruit is the way in which the segments
stick to the top of the ovary. If not
successful after a day, perhaps, a coup-
le of days, these segments drop, leav-
ing only the ovary, which soon drops
in its turn. The pods after the first
two or three weeks grow very steadily
and attain their full size about the be-
ginning of November. Then they grad-
ually begin to lose the bright green
color, and by December the nose of the
pods turns yellow first, then slightly
brown; this is the time to gather the
pods. The plucking of course must
be done every day, for all pods do not
ripen at the same time, and only those
that part easily from the flower stem
should be taken down
After the gathering comes the cur-
ing. Having only a limited number of
pods, they were sundried, wrapped in
a woolen cloth, which I found answer-
ed very well. The pods developed a"
fine aroma and soon assumed that dark
chocolate tint which I believe is rec-
ognized as very good.-A. J. B. Gissel-
eire, Superintendent, Agri-Horticultur-
al Society's Gardens, Calcutta.-In-
dian Gardening and Planting, June 7.

SFlorida Perimmon Package.
Florida persimmons are beginning to
come to market, but shippers are mak-
ing a big mistake in the style of pack-
age for this fruit. The persimmon is of
delicate texture and will not carry is
bulk in crates without being mashed.
Besides the demand for this fruit is
limited to fancy trade who look for
quality and attractiveness, rather than
quantity. The crate package does not
possess these qualities. There are
some shippers who pack in small bas-
kets and these baskets are then packed
in carriers. This seems to be the best
package yet seen on the market for
persimmons. When the retailer gets
the fruit in this style, he can handily
sell it by the basket, which shows the



fruit to advantage, and the quantity lCHEAP COLUMN
is just'about what Is wanted by the -
majority of purchasers.-Fruit Trade RATES--Twenty words, name and address
Journal. one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.

4 0
mexican Oranges.
The first sale Mexican oranges on
this market this season was on Wed-
nesday, and consisted of 530 boxes.
The fruit was a disappointment to
those who had expected to buy. It
was small and green and in appear-
ance anything but attractive. Prices
ranged from $1.90 to 2.45 per box,
which was considered highly satisfac-
tory considering the quality of the
fruit.-Fruit Trade Journal.
4 6
Pecan Culture.
The subject of pecan culture in this
section has been discussed for years.
but owing to bad luck with some other
kinds of fruit trees our orchardists
have hitherto been shy about setting
out pecan trees on a large scale. But
careful investigation has convinced
thirm beyond a doubt thai the tree
is worth planting for the following
reasons: It will do well on any land
having a good, not too wet sub-soil; it
Is a quick growing tree, requiring little
cultivation and manure and being
singularly free from diseases and in-
sects, it bears heavily and regularly
and there will always be a brisk de-
mand for the nuts.'
firveral or our progreasRlv oltltwonl
have made up their minds to set out
pecan orchards, and the initative has
been taken by Fred S. Dawson, the ci-
gar manufacturer. Mr. Dawson owns
a fine tract of land about two miles
south of town and a part of it will be
set to pecans in the late fall. This
portion of the land should be an ideal
site for a pecan orchard,, having suffi-
cient natural drainage and a good sub-
soil-the latter being indicated by a
heavy growth of beggar weed. Mr.
Dawson employed a professional or-
chard marker to stake out three acres
of it for improved pecan trees, to be
set later in the year, and in a nursery
will be planted nuts to supply trees for
an additional four acres, making the
ultimate area of the orchard seven
acres. The home grown seedlings will
be grafted with scions from the im-
proved kinds. Besides pecans, a few
walnuts, mulberries and grape vines
will also adorn the plaee
Altiougl .r. uawson is Vt-y san-
guine as to the result of his adventure,
he does not intend to leave anything
to chance, but will give his young or-
chard all the care which his extensive
experience in tree culture can suggest.
The Telegraph wishes Mr. Dawson
success in the new departure and hopes
that his example will soon be followed
by others, for, judging from the good
results already obtained from individ-
ual trees in this section, a nut orchard
Is bound to prove a paying investment.
*^-BFAaNror Co. Inegrapvh.

To The eAflicted.
There is a Sanitarium in Belleview,
Fla.,whose specialty is the treatment
of cancer and piles without the use
of the knife. A cure is guaranteed in
every case taken and no money is re-
quired until a cure is complete. Write
them a description of your case and
receive free books by return mail, Ad-
Belleview, Fla.
We can't choose, happiness either for
ourselves or for another; we can't tell
wh fhLt i it s, Ws Es& anix
choose whether we will indulge our-
selves in the present moment or wheth-
er we will renounce that for the sake
of obeying the divine voice within us-
for the sake of being true to all the
motives that sanctify our lives.-
George Eliot.

He-Oh, by the way, the doctor ad-
vises me to eat a water cracker before
going to bed; said It would prevent my
Insomnia. Are there any In the house?
She-The only thing in the house ap-
proaching a water cracker is the ice-
plok--Indianspo a Jouranal
harple's ream eparators-Proflt-
able Dabylra

A. B. C. about Belgian Hares. Book by mail
10 cents. All should have it. JAS. M.
OSBORN, Daytona, Fla. 37x4
FOR SALE-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
Mostly budded to Grape-truit and Tanger-
ens. Box 271. Orlando, Fla. 34t
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. Mann, Man-
ville, Fla. 10x1-1900.
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. TAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Pla. 31tf
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Froduos, Commissian Msfshefas.
z38 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

ORANGE TRBES; we have now Vra -for
de very large one and two yearsAtbuds on
rough lemon. WINTER HAVEN NUR-

JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail
postpaid for 25c per dosen. Good sized
plants ready now. W. S. PRESTON,
Auburndale. Fla. l -t

Park, Lake county Fla, offer for July
planting U varieties of 2 and 3 year
citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address C. W. FOX, Prop. 1tf.
on sour Dr trifoliata stocks, for summer
and fall shipment. Large assortment fine
trees. Write for prices. GLEN ST. MARY
NURSERIES, G. L. Taber, Proprietor, Glen
St, Mary Pla. 31tf
OltAnroit una racrrulu trEcr or alle orfill
valntle at pinct ranging from twenty to
filty dollars per 100 grafts, and buds. on
fine, large stock; ready for delivery after
October 15; engage trees now for fall and
winter planting, 0. W. CONNER, Ockla-
waha. Fla. 39x42
FOR SALE--100 cash. Eight acre of
high pine land near Del.nd Junction;
5 acres cleared, three acres of whioh are
in grove, the balance of the tract is in
timber. Small house and a well on the
place. Address T. M. H., care gricul-
turist, DeLand, Fa. Sty
WE HAVE complete list American man-
ufacturers. Can buy for you at lowest
prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
gines, boilers, incubators, windmills, or
anything wanted. Correspondence so-
Jacksonville, Fla. tt
BELGIAN HARES-Young from the follow-
ing strains. Champion Fashoda. Prince
FPashoda, Blooming Heather, Lord Britian
Sir St les. Any from above for from $3.00
to $7.00. Also Prince Fashoda,-sire,
Champion Fashoda winner of more prizes
than any Buck ever imported to America.
A. E. CRAWFORD, 270 N. Fremont Ave..
Los Angeles. Cal. CCS9x41


Special Bargain
Several fine bearing orange and
grape fruit groves, trees loaded with
fruit now. Will guarantee them to pay
fifteen to twenty-five per cent on in-

Lyle & Co, ...Bartow, Fla.


Do you want a good wire fence? If
you do build it yourself with our ma-
chine. You can build it for one half
the cost of any ready made fence on
the market. The machine is made of
steel, and so simple a boy can use it.
To introduce it in Florida, we will sell
a few at the low price of $3.50, regu-
lar prioo g..75. ohargea Drenaid.
God agents wianta.
187 Grand River Ave.
Detroit, Mich.

Budded and Grafted
Mulgoba Mangoes.
Imported from India; absolutely free

from fiber. I
Largest assori
United States.
ALI.? cit+-

Simon Pure




Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the

If you are raising omatos, Egg-plants, Clery, Strawberries, Lettuce or
Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilizer made especially for them, that has
been thoroughly tested.
Our Simon Pur No. I has the best rut producingecord of any fertil-
izer sold in the State. We have had 22 years practical experience and
have spent more time and money in crop experimenting than all the manu-
facturs in the State.
Besides Special Brands for Special Crops we carry in stock all kinds of

Fertilizing Materials and Chemicals.
We were the first dealers to put the different fertilizing materials within the
reach of growers, a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer

Phosphoric Acids.

E. 0. Painter & Co., =

PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen-
Tobacco Materials:
All guaranteed unleached and to con-
tain all their fertilizing and insecticide

Jacksonville, Fla.

We have a full supply of

Orange Trees hv=us
all the best varieties of Or-
Orange 1 Tr es=-=-anges, Pomelos, Kumquats,
etc., and shall be glad to
show them to prospective
planters. Can show both
trees and fruit; have twenty-one varieties fruiting in the nursery rows.
Also a full line of other fruit trees, roses andornamentals.


Correspondence Solicited.

G. L. TABER, Proprietor,

Glen St. Mary,



If you will send us one new subscriber to the FLORIDA AG-
RICULTURIST at $2 per year you can send for
the catalogue of

ot grown $2.5 eac. GLEN ST MARY NUR
tment of Crotons in the GLEN ST. MARY NURSR
And select $1.50 worth of fruit trees, shrubbery or ornamental plants at list price,
ats o. JAddo... and they will be packed and put f. o. b cars at Glen St. Mary with
JOHN B. BEACH, Tabor3 guarantee : Addrem
West Palm Beach, Fla. THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jackonville Florid.


POULTB Y AND RAR D PART- there are from 50,000 to 75.000 animals 1.37 pounds per dozen. The eggs from ratio of 1:4.95 was very much super-
yMENT. in this county alone. Not only do they the pen of Wyandotte pullets averaged ior to one of 1:6.66. With Pfymouth
All communications or enquiries for this multiply at a wonderful rate, but they 1.56 pounds per dozen, and those laid Rocks the results were conclusive.
departmentshould he addressed to are hardy and do well in the open. The by four pens of Plymouth Rock pul- 16. An initial test with one cockerel
coyotes and wildcats, which are natur- lets averaged 1.52 pounds per dozen, and one capon gave no indication of
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, al enemies to the rabbit family have 10. Eggs from different hens of same increased growth from the operation
Poultry Dept Jacksonville, Fla. been nearly exterminated. In years breed varied in weight. One pen of of aponizing; but the appearance of
gone the jack rabbit and cottontail Leghorns two years old laid eggs aver- the dressed bird and the quality of the
eiowiE 114rra 1 tipn l i areat menace to nlalemri- nali 1-ii pDiunilaO err dorinn Two meat bhowsl a dusidltsi advantnass
and it is only a few years since that other pens of the same age, but of from the operation.
We notice by some of the northern annual rabbit drives were held, at different strain, laid eggs averaging
poultry papers that the question of which thousands of the bunnies were 1.63 pounds per dozen. The eggs from ENS T T ORO D .
raising peafowls is being agitated ana rounded up and slaughtered. the latter two pens weighed more than HENS T TER SHELLS.
the birds are receiving more or les those of the Plymouth Rock or Wyan- T
dotte pullets. To properly digest its food the fowl
comment and praise from different Interesting Experiments With Hens. 11. The eggs from five pens of Leg- must have grit. What teeth are to the
sources. What the true object is is hard This is no longer an age of "guess- horn pullets averaged 1.14 pounds per human being grit is to the fowl. We
to say unless some writer has a quanti- ing" but one of correct experimenta- dozen. The eggs from the same pens can now furnish ground oyster shells,
ty of peafowls for which h16 wiZiie 0 tion and practical fact Thr only de o during the acrond year averaged 1-H from freshly opened oysterst from
fects about experiments is, there are pcs per dozen. In other words, the wsren ai the s au ti grit wa8
find a market. not enough made. The Utah experi- siz f.the eggs was eight per cent screenedto nn pply thll grit which F
We have been raising peafowls for ment station has done a work upon greater the second year. lacking in neary aIn pat Of Flord f
the last two or three years and when poultry that we are glad to lay the re- 12. A test of wheat versus corn gave Goods e interior to ours and tful
we succeed in getting four more suits before the readers of the Agricul- results in favor of wheat for egg pro-1.5 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
to reach maturity we will then have tmist, as follows: auction.
to reach maturity we will then have 1. What is the most profitable age of 13. In the case of Leghorn pullets, offer it at
raised half a dozen. We have not been the hen? Two Dens of Leghorns aver- the addition of dried blood to the ra- 100 Ib bag, 75c f. o. b. Jacksonville.
a DIOe to get Mne hens to set iihe other aged ITa eggs per rowl during me nart iioU Unasieraby increased the egg iprnt our fowls bly tiing ta
fowls, but they must pick their year. During the second year the yield. With Plymouth Rock pullets no PAINTER & Co Jacksonville
own location for nests, which is fre- same fowls averaged 132, and during effect was noticed on the yearly rec- Fla. INT C aconvi
the third year, 116 eggs per fowl. The ord. With both, the pens having dried Mnuft f ih G
quently where dogs, polecats or some per cent profit on food was 188 the first blood began laying earlier than the M andfact lers ofi ighGrode Fr-
other depredators can find them. Con- year, 118 the second, and 97 the third others. ers and dealers n a minds of
sequently they very seldom are able year. A test with two other pens of 14. The discarding of corn .(except utilizing Materials.
to lay out a litter and hatch same: Leghorns gave the following results; the little used in the meal) and substi-
First year, number of eggs laid 159; tuting a small quantity of sunflower WeCStCr Poultry Farm,
and even after they succeeded in hatch- second year, 110; par cent profit on seed did not materially affect the egg MARSHAiL, MO.
ing a few eggs the chicks are a source food, first year, 184, second year 99. yield, there being but a slight increase. 4 months on trial 10c. One yr. e.
of considerable anxiety, and few ever 2. What is the effect of exercise on Owing to the greater cost of the. sun- w to mk
reach maturity. You will think you egg production. The results for three flower seed the financial results were profitable. t dI up Pto
years are in favor of feeding grain in in favor of the corn. Send to day. We sll best liquid Ie ki.
have them large enough to be certain a box against feeding it in straw and 15. The results of a test with Leg- er for 75 eta pr gallon. Aluminum e
bands for poultry, I do.., 20 ots; X fore
of their being full grown but then making the hens scratch it out. One horn pullets showed that a nutritive etsa for N cts; 100 for : S.
something happens and one by one they pen with all grain fed In a box aver-
drop off. The old birds, however, seem aged 147 eggs per fowl for three years.
A like pen having the grain fed in a
to be able to take care of themselvestter of straw averaged 132 eggs.
and we have never lost one after they During first year as pullets the results
were a year old. If it were not for the were in favor of the exercise, the pen
vicious habit of the peacock In picking fed in a box averaging 158 eggs per
atthefowl against 182 for the pen fed in the The Great Througn Car Line From Florida.
at the other fowls, especially small straw. These results were secured
straw. These results were secured
chickens we would put up with all with Leghorns. With two other pens
the trouble WS haTe to S9 t9 2 L9sh0ene, ari5ns the frst year as CONNECTION8 ,
to raise them for the sake of his puiiets the pen with "exercise-laid
beauty There are bt few birds that 10 eggs, and the pen with "no exer-
beauty. There are but few birds se" 157 eggs. During the second year THE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, via Charlesto
can show any more beautiful array of the "exercise" pen laid 119, and the Richmond and Washington.
feathers with colors so varied and "no exercise" pen 120, the results for To The and Washington
beautifully blended. The "bad luck" the two years being practically the
superstition has no claim on us, as we same for those two pens. THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co
supertiton has no claim on us, as we 3 As to the effect of exercise on food lumbia and Washington.
have had just as good luck In all other consumption, the average of pens 3 via Al mall
lines as we did before having them on and 4 for three years shows that the
the place. Our bad luck being confined pen "with exercise" consumed 62.4 The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattea
to raising young peatowls. cents worth of food, and the pen nt
to r g y g "without exercise", 60.8. In the case The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
Sof two other pens the average was The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Asheville
The Bubble "Busted." 63.5 cents and 62 cents respectively T Mobile & Ohio vi
A California letter to the New York per fowls in favor of "no exercise." he Mobile & Ohio R. R via Montgomery.
4. During the year the Leghorns con-
Sun says: sumed an average of 62 cents worthia aaa a a
Less than a year ago the entire state of food per fowl. The Wyandotts con- Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
was Belgian hare mad. Fanciers were sumed 81.6 cents per fowl, and two York, Philadelphia and Boston
importing animals from abroad and pens of Plymouth Rocks averaged 87.7 ToThe
paying exorbitant prices for them, cents per fowl. Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transport
every man with a back yard soon had 5. The Leghorns consumed during
a sign stretched across his house with the year an average of 75 pounds of tion Company for Baltimore.
"Rabbitry" upon it; newspapers devot- total food or about 55 pounds of dry via Steamship
ed special issues to the industry, and matter per fowl; the Wyandotts, 100 To PENINS R
from every standpoint it promised to pounds total food, 73 pounds dry mat- KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
rival the mineral wealth of California ter, and the Plymouth Rocks about 110 AND
as a builder up of magnificent fortunes. pounds total food and about 80 pounds HAVANA STEAIS HIP CO.
Now the bubble has broken and the dry matter. HA
agricultural and horticultural interests 6. The three years' results from Leg- NOVA SCOTIA
of southern California are threatened horn pullets show an average of 162 N A S Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
with a Belgian hare pest. The effort eggs per fowl per year, at a food cost CAPE BRETON&
to create a demand for the hare for of 4.6 cents per dozen. These results PRINCE EDWARDS STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbury
food purposes was not successful, and are not from selected or pedigree and Charlottestown.
the present market prices are consid- layers. ISLAND....
erably less than is required for feed 7. The record of weight of fowls
alone, and the industry is profitless shows that Leghorns weigh about ten Sum m er E x T ic
and discouraging. It is for this rea- per cent more during their second year m m er E x urs n
son that many breeders who have be- than during the first year as pullets.
come disgusted with the almost utter During the third year there is practi- to all Summmer Resoirts will be pla ced on sale until September 80th.
lack of a market for their hares are se- cally no increase in weight. The LANT SYSTEM I the ay L frrom r.dda. wit Through SImsp
cretly, and in some instances openly, 8. The largest egg production was Service to thessme r Ruw
turning them loose to forage on the during the period of greatest food con-
country in order to avoid the expense sumption. The smallest egg yield was WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA and
of feeding them. when the food consumption was least. THE MOUNTAINS OF VIROINIA.
The menace In this condition of af- The hens attained their greatest
fairs will, perhaps be understood bet- weight immediately preceding the per-
ter when it is stated that there are iods of greatest egg production. After For information as to rates, sleeping-ear service, reservation, etc., write to
probably more than 100,000 hares in the periods of heavy laying they M. JOLLY, Div islon Psenger Agent.
this state at present. The fecundity showed a loss of weight. 188 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksorle, Flporid
of the hare in this climate is beyond all 9. Five pens of Leghorns two and
expectations of the pioneers in the in- three years old laid eggs averaging W. B. DENHAM, B.W. WRNN,
dustry. One rabbit in this city in four- 1.56 pounds per dozen. Five pens of Gen. SUpt. Pass. Trale Mug'r.
teen months raised 120 young, and Leghorn pullets laid eggs averaging . SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.

_ _rl





Sanseviera Zeylanica.
This ornamental leaved plant is oc-
casionally found in cultivation. Not so
often as it would be if its merits were
more generally known. It was intro-
tuwced into cultivation, as a florists
plant, in 1731. It has been grown in
India, Ceylon and the East Indies from
ancient times. The leaves being used
to furnish fiber for cordage. In the
times of bows and arrows it was most
commonly used for bow strings. From
this arose its common name of "Bow
string Hemp."
Besides the variety named at the
head of this article, which was intro-
duced from India, there is another
species from Africa, S. Guineensis. The
difference between the two species,or
more properly. varieties Is very light,
The Sanseviera belong to the Lilia-
ceae or Lily family. The family, be-
sides the true Lilies includes Yuccas,
Asparagus, Agapanthus, Hemerocaliks.
Funkias, Tulipa (Tulips), and many of
our most desirable flowering plants.
In manner of growth the Sanseviera
resembles Yucca flamentosa. common-
ly called "Bear's thread". That is the
leaves all start from the root, there
being no stem. In this country the
leaves seldom exceed two to three feet
In length, though in the tropics it of-
ten reaches double that size. The
leaves are curiously blotched and strip.
ed across the leaves with white and
light green. We have never known of
its blooming and Reasoner Bros., who
have offered it for many years say
nothing of its ever blooming. One or
two florists at the north have lately
taken it up, and among other claims
for it say that it blooms freely. If it
should bloom we should expect from
its relationship that it would bear a
tall spike of flowers somewhat re-
sembling the Yucca in appearance.
It is a plant easily grown, very vig-
orous and spreads rapidly by under-
ground suckers. It will stand drouth,
poor soil and heat, but is tender to
frost and easily drowned. It should
therefore be planted on dry soil and
be protected during freezing weather.
Whether banking would save It In case
of severe cold we cannot say, but shall
experiment on that line the coming
If however it ie a v99c ry to house it
each winter it is still a very desirable
plant for general cultivation in Florida.
S* *
In our labors devoted to beautifying
our Florida landscapes, and causing
the wilderness to blossom as the rose,
there is no annual flower that I would
more heartily recommend than the
Zinnia, as it is of the easiest culture,
stands the fiercest summer heat with-
out injury, and remains several months
in bloom to gratify the eye of the be-
holder with its large double blossoms
and gaudy colors.
For the past three seasons. I have
been cultivating a scarlet variety, in
my dooryard and have found the plants
of this season's growth to present a
vigorous appearance and to bloom pro-
fusely through July and August and
this far into September; while Phlox
Drummondi, which came up by hun-
dreds in the dooryard, the sight of
which was such a treat, have all dis-
appeared, without a single specimen
left remaining as a reminder of their
past beauty. I attribute their early
death to the fact of their being an
early bloomer. My Zinnias are stand-
ing about ix lclhes apart on an aver-

age. When they were a few inches in
height I gave them a liberal applica-
tion of stable manure, and worked it
slightly into the ground, and pulled out
from time to time, all the grass and
weeds from among the plants, which
attention they seemed greatly to relish.
I have not had to water them, nor to
apply to them any insecticide so far, as
troublesome insects that devour nearly
all other choice flowering plants have
let them alone. M.
4 *
Scale Bugs.
The following on this subject is from
Vick's Magazine. The directions are
so plain and explicit that they need no
comment. There are few lovers of
flowers who do not keep some house
plants, and all such will find this in-
teresting and valuable.
"'These are brownish insects which
trouble more or less every flower grow-
er. While there are several reredies
on the market for the pests, I want to
tell my experience. The 'plague-take-
'em' things would keep coming imolh
just about so often, it mattered not
what renimdies I used.. Having tried
all I could hear of, and still being pes-
tered ill a short time with their coulm-
pany, I decided to try home made lye
soap. I made the lye from good wood
ashes. and know it was very strong;
besides the soap was very thick, -I
did not dilute it. I was determined to
either 'kill or cure.'
"So taking my Otaheite orartge tree
firat and wannhlrd it, not Itnving a iviot
untouched by the thick soap,--[ was
not stingy. I just used it by ihe hand-
ful. I did not hurry about washing it
off, either, for I was really mad; and
did not see any fun in squeezing. Pcrap-
ing. smoking, choking a'd fumigating
those nasty bugs, and then in a short
time see more appear. I made up my
mind that if they had to have posses-
sion I would torment them as much as
possible and then step back.
"The orange tree was slowly dying
by inches; it looked very yellow. When
I washed off the soap I had enough
pity for the tree to prevent the water
getting bn the soil, thinking it would
kill the roots. After it was thoroughly
washed I put out in the yard on a table
in the hot spring sunshine, to see what
the bugs would do. The next day, be-
ing very busy, I forgot it, and the fol-
lowing day it was a deep, dark green,
and every bug dead and dried up.
This was a year ago, and not one in-
sect have I seen since, and my tree just
grew and grew.
"I believe soft soap far ahead of all
the remedies on the market; it can be
used on palms, oleanders, etc. Instead
of killing the roots if allowed to soak
in whien was thing. I find it to be a great
benefit to everything,-even the soap
suds from the weekly washing finds a
place on my plants. I wash nearly all
plants with it, except begonias and
ilmilar soft-leaved plants."

The Darlingtonia.
Pitcher plant, Side-saddle flower and
IIuntsman's Cup are among the com-
mon names by which the various spe-
cies of Sarracenia are known in the lo-
calities where they are found. Five
different species are found in the vari-
ous parts of Florida. One species, S.
purpurea. is common in many parts of
the north from Maine to Michigan and
All the species are easily distinguish-
ed from all other kinds of wild plants
by their curiously shaped and hooded
leaves. The flowers are also as curious
as the leaves. In some of the species
they are quite showy. In California is
found a species nearly related to the
Sarrnaenies. The following interesting
account is taken from Success with
"In December a little wooden tubular
box was received from a lady Yuba
county. California, and with it came a
letter saying: 'Yesterday I mailed to
you a specimen of Old Man Mustache,

ll b m M, old or new, i made plibe ad easy-will look better
and wear lonmr-by the ue of

Eureka Harness Oil
The finest preservative for leather ever discovered. Saves
mamy times Its cost by improved apptea and cein the cost
of sopal. olda a rov whoPo In -ans-all mii

Farmers' Attention I- r


Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
and everything In Grve mW Pfrn Ima~emena and BSuppli

Poultry Netting -WAtA Cormbla Bicycle
wOUm. H. FrRNAL,
OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.

or Old Man of Dark Canyon. He does
not like bright sun, but rather the dark
shade. Can you name the plant?'
"On opening the box. inside w aa
round one or the pitchers of Darling-
tonia Californica, a small one about
three inches in length. The sight of
this specimen gave a thrill of surprise
and satisfaction for the writer had nev-
er before seen one, although he recog-
nized it before it could be urawn forth
from its carrying receptacle. It is one
of those plants that has attracted
much attention in scientific circles and
has been fully described and illustrate
ed. How little has the sender of this
specimen suspected the world-wide rep-
utation' of this plant!
The Darllngtonla is one of the so-
called insectivorous plants. It was
first found on the Pacific coast range
of mountains. It was first found by
a member of Wilkes Expedition nearly
Mt. Shasta and since then has been
found in various loa:slities in the Cal.
mountains up to the borders of Oregon.
"It grows in swampy places and by
brooksldes. The 'pitchers' on first
coming out of the ground have not the
fully matured form, but soon acquire
it, as the little three-inch specimen re-
ceived from our correspondent was
quite perfect in all its parts. The
pitchers are said to grow from eighteen
to thirty-four Inches In length, though
the tube is only about an inch in dia-
meter. The pitchers or tubes consti-
tute the leafy portion of the plant. A
single nodding purplish flower is borne
on a long flower stem, usually taller
than the tallest pitchers.
"The great interest in the plant cen-
ters in the pitchers. Each pitcher has
a hood which covers the opening so
that no rain can possibly enter the
tube. The hood is mottled with green
veins and yellowish semi-transparent
spaces. On the under side of the fish-
tail is a sweetish liquid secretion, and
this is also found just inside the open.
ing of the pitcher, and a line of this
sweet secretion is found all along the
wing from the base- to the opening.
The interior of the pitcher is smooth
and polished along its sides at the up-
per part, but below if is furnished with
numerous fine, sharp hairs pointing
downward. The base of the tube con-
tains a clear liquid. It will be seen
that the whole arrangement forms the
very clever insect trap. An insect
from the ground would find the line of
sweet leading up to the opening of the
tube and then be attracted inside by
the "honey pastures" there, or a flying
insect would be attracted by the bright
spots on the fish-tail and thus be guid-
ed to the opening of the tube. Flying
insects having once entered the tube
and feasted on its sweets might at-
tempt to find their way out, but the
openings, one on each side under the

hood, are small and do not admit much
light, and the prisoners would be more
apt to fly upwards against the hood
where om9 light is admitted through
the transparent spaces. This would
result in their falling and, perhaps,
alighting on the side of the tube.
Here they find the sharp hair pointing
downward, preventing their ascent and
obliging them with every movement
to go still downwards until they are
plunged into the lake at the base of the
tube. This is not mere theory, for the
pitchers are found to contain many in-
4 .
Will Have Flowers.
The allowing from Park's Floral
Magazine is a little out of season now,
for Portulacca, but if you will substi-
tute Pansies you may have blossoms
all winter. The seeds should be start-
ed in the shade and not exposed fully
to the sun before November.
"Where there is a will there is a way.
even to raise flowers. If we really
love them, we will find some place to
plant them, or lacking yard space,
something to plant in. A friend of
mine, living at a saw mill, with no
yard to speak of, devised the follow-
ing plan to brighten her home. She
took all the old discarded milk cans
she could find, filled them with suitable
soil, put one on each end of the steps
that led up into her house, and set
them rows across the end of the plat-
form or broad door step. I believe then
were fve steps Trom tills platform
down, and as the steps were long there
was plenty of room to pass between
the pans. She sowed Portulacca, or
Rose Moss as she called it, and her
steps were a glow all summer long."
Is in Love.
Seffner, Fla., Oct. 16 '99.
E. 0. Painter 0 Co., Jacksonvill, Fla.
Gentlemen:-Our trees are doing
well. I find Mr. W. S. O'Brien, of Sef-
fner is very much in love with Simon
Pure. Yours truly,
H. H. Harvey.

Splendid stock of Citrus trees on
rough lemon roots, and also on sour or-
ange and trifoliata.
ri' '1is Enormous collection
/ and stock of other
S t trees, Economic
| a n t a, Bamboos
So Palms Ferns Conl-
S. fers and Miscellane.
Sous ornamentals. 17
0*,I year. Most extensive
collection of plants and trees In the
Lower South. Send for large elegant
Oneco, Fla.


moVaauHO D MPA1m9Mw.
AU co- =eti enu of equiriLe for this de-
partmeat hotuld be addremd to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.

We would be glad to hear from some
of the ladies on the subject of lunches.
The school days are now beginning and
the subject uppermost in the minds of
many mothers, is how and what to pre-
pare for the daily lunch, and we are
sure that any suggestions in this line
would be gladly welcomed. If you know
of any particularly nice way of making
appetizing sandwiches, we would be
pleased to have you tell us about it. In
this way you can do much to help
mothers solve what is often a vexing

W'aslon Note..
The newest silk petticoat is made
w~iilli d;a, l fl~; iffisg ysls. that
reaches almost to the knees and rounds
upward at the back. The skirt portion
is trimmed with narrow pinked ruffles
which cover a space only about fifteen
inches wide at the front, but reaches
skirts are nearly as long as the skirts
with which they are to be worn.
Shirt waists are beginning to show
bloua effect. ome hbluan all arBani
and others only in the front. The new-
est are made very long on the shoulders
and full under the arms, to give free-
dom to the arms.
Grass green veils are now much worn
twisting about the hat, the veiling with
big chenile dots being most liked.
The newest Eton jacket is made with-
out revers, the edges to be finished with
stitched bands of the material. The
fronts are cut to over-lap, and may be
worn either closed or rolled back like
revers. A collar may or may not be
added, as the taste may dictate.
The long sweeping skirt still holds its
popularity for cermonious occasions
but the short skirt, cut ankle length, is
more and more liked.
'A liaiig 8fli l fftif! ff 5sf L I -
fant, Is cut to fit at the top, but flares
gradually toward the bottom. It is
seamed together at the sides, and is
closed on the shoulders by over-lapping
and fastening with small pearl buttons.
The edges of the skirt are ornamented
by a row of button-holed scallops.

Household ~every.
Editor Household Department.
In looking over a paper this morning
I noticed an article headed "Heqp
Wanted." Upon reading it I found
that the object of the piece was to
awaken among the ladies more interest
in the Household Department.
It has been several years since I con-
tributed to this department, or indeed
since I have seen a copy of this most
interesting paper, but I can not say
that I have ever lost interest in its col-
umns, and many times have I longed
for a new copy and the same old rest-
ful hammock among the flowers where-
in I might rest and read to my heart's
content; but times have changed since
then and home scenes also, and now
the first time in several years that I sit
down to wrte to this especial corner,
I fully realize the perplexities and nmr-
ber of interruptions with which moth-
ers and housekeepers have to conte' ,
Interruption first: My little boy comes
up with slate and pencil, "Mama please

draw me two snakes and a pig." I lay
aside my pen and hastily produce the
desired drawings they bearing some
faint resemblance to swine and serpents
I begin to write again but am sum
moned to attend to the wants of the
baby of the house, this service I per
form too, and for a second time take up
my pen, -well, if their. are many more
such demands upon mJt.me, this article
will certainly never trouble any editor
and the waste basket will yawn in vain
for it.
Now that the school has begun I find
that the subjects of most interest to me
are"what is best to prepare for the child
ren's lunches? How to manage to get
them off in time with the least trouble
when one has no help with the work
and how to dress them so that they will
not require so many pieces." I wish
some one would write their experiences
in this line.
As to the lunches I think light bread
and butter, eggs cooked to suit the taste
of the child, slices of bread with stewed
prunes or stewed dried fruit between
them, fresh fruit and peanuts shouiti oif
ten compose the lunch. Some children
in the country schools often take their
bottles of sweet milk, Florida syrup and
In order to help get them off early I
cook sweet potatoes the evening before
and do all I can at the evening meal to
help out with breakfast as well as lunch.
Dressing for the country school does
not give much trouble. To be clean
evary day s fill s ai idaa. Parli tslll
denim pants every day for the little
boys with navy blue percale waists are
good enough for their "rough and tum-
ble" ways on the dusty play ground.
For little girls I like colored check
aprons with some white ones for bright-
ening their dreses on certain days. How
do others think in this line and what are
their plans for the little ones?
M. A. B.

Turkey Creek, Fla.
How to Laundry Table Linens.
Editor Household Department.
The southern housekeepers are noted
for their hospitality and for understand-
ing how to make themselves attractive
There is one thing however in having
an elegant table, no matter how much
silver and cut glass and fine napery
you may have, unless your table linen
is latrldried properly, your thlI a-
iivt b6 iiiidi aiirasiiyvt. A ylluw siuAfi
table cloth will spoil everything. Some-
times a housekeeper living in the coun-
try cannot get a competent laundress,
hence the necessity of understanding
how to have it done. I had to learn the
lesson after leaving my dear southland
for there in Florida I had a colored wo-
man who washed beautifully, but the
old ones are passing away. and the new
ones don't know how nor care to learn.
so I have had to learn and perhaps my
receipts may help some other house-
First do any darning or mending of
thin places that is necessary before
washing. If stained with tea, coffee.
wine or fruit pour boiling water
through the linen where stained. This
should be done before applying soap.
Soak over night in clear water: then
boil the linens and rub well in hot wa-
ter. Rub lightly if worn much and make
a lather of Ivory soap, rubbing between
the hands until clean.
Lift out of the boiler with a stick
and drop into a cold tub of water, to
which bluing has been added, ring again
and hang out to dry, starch lightly and
iron. If you will follow these directors
you will have lovely table linens. In my
next letter I will tell you how to laun-
dry delicate embroideries. Inferior soap
will not answer and I have found the la-
ther of Ivory soap the best for all white
goods and delicate colors.
Sara H. Henton.


Maes the food more delicious d w lesome
^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^*Ot railPT OOJr m gI^ ^^ ^ ^^ ^ ^^^

4 e
Care of Flat-irons.
Judging from the usual attention
given flat-irons most house wives do not
know that good care will keep them in
pFrfgsg sisdAitisn far CnarS: The flat-
irons are kept standing on the stove
from week to week. This practice is
certain to ruin the temper of the iron.
Very often they become covered with
grease from frying or cooking and are
not washed afterwards. Find some place
for them and keep them there when not
in use. If many starched clothes are
ironed every week it may be necessary
to wash the irons weekly in strong soap
suds in which a little ammonia has been
mtit d, The.n ja ihc Irorun uo the thuve
to dry after wiping them well first.
Sand or emery paper is good for clean-
ing irons; a handful of coarse table salt
spread on a cloth for rubbing the iron
over is also used. It removes the starch
and leaves the iron smooth.
Never put irons on the stove to heat
which has not been previously wiped
clean, and do not allow them to get too
hot. If too hot to use it is a bad practice
to plunge them into the cold water, as it
spoils them. Set them on end at the
back of the stove and allow them to
gradually cool. To avoid having the
iron stick to starched clothes have it
perfectly clean: then rub it over with
wax. and then wipe thoroughly on a
cloth before using. Some housewives
cook a bit of white wax in the starch.
This prevents much annoyance from the
irons sticking.-Exchange.
No doubt much evil is wrought from
walr f tif Ihourht. Many icnllle with
kindly heart continually cause pain to
others by mere heedlessness. They
seem to have no perception of the sen-
sibilities of those about them. They
have accustomed themselves to think
only of their own pleasure, and to say
and do only what their impulses prompt
without asking whether others will be
pleased or displeased.-Exchange.
C:lt you r one f onr iir ls
CzIn't you earn one of our premiums?

State of Ohio, City of Toledo, Lucas
County, ss.
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he
is senior partner of the firm of F. ..
Clheney & Co., doing business In the
city of Toledo, County and State afore-
said, and that said firm will pay the
for each and every case of catarrh
that cannot be cured by the use of
Hall's Catarrh Cure.
Sworn to before me and subscribed
ir myr proeanoon thia 6th day of eeoom-
her, A. D., 1886. A. W. Gleason,
Seal. Notary Public.
Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken inter-
nally and acts directly on the blood and
mucous surfaces of the system. Send
for testimonials free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Sold by all druggists, 75 cents.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.

The Sin of Fretting-
'There is one sin which, it seems to
me," writes Helen Hunt is every where,
and by everybody is underestimated and
quite too much overlooked in valuations
of character. It is the sin of fretting. It
is as common as speech, as air. so com-
mon that, unless it rises above its usual
monotone, we do not even observe it.
Watch any ordinary coming together of
people, and we will see how many nin-
utes it will be before somebody frets--
that is. makes some more or less com-
plaining statement or other, which, pro-
ably every one in the room or car or on
the street corner knew before, and
which probably, nobody can help. Why
say anything about it? It is cold, it is
wet. it is hot. it is dry, somebody has
broken an appointment; a meal is ill-
cooked: stupidity or bad faith some-
where has resulted in discomfort.
"There are plenty of things to fret
about. It is simply astonishing how
much annoyance and discomfort may be
found in the course of every day's living
even at the simplest, if one keeps a
sharp eye out on that side of things.
Even Holy writ says we are born to
trouble even as sparks fly upward. But
even to the sparks flying upward in the
blackest of smoke, there is a blue sky
above and the less time they waste on
the road the sooner they will reach it.
Fretting is all time wasted on the road.

If your fowls are troubled with lice
or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 1'3
pounds of tobacco dust and sItinkle
it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
anteed to be unleashed. FSud 2 cent
tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Co.,
Jniutiuotw U, fI.

um Habi sO re me
of referene... ay Rpeelty. Book
Home Trentmenta ent FREE. Adalr
B. M. WOOLLY. M. D., Atlanta. Ga.

Track. Hayrl,
P'atso,.tMdC 4MTr.W
T Pa Ficularute.tioa ao,
Satisfaction Geamaed.
S109 S. Cel M.
S. aM

Under .000 Oash D poft.
simae FrewPaeI.
Opena al M r D s e mV. ey hMar p Came
J5.u- in *

S The Pradkaal
Puc1 B $a.ee.:
8ylvanLake, Fla
"Certificate Am. Inst. Fair."
i l 1 1 II 1 1 I i I I I i l

PA i I, i .

If You Want Wire
not madeby a trust, you can get it In Page Fence.

31,000 for a case of PMeY we meant cae
Write for free books. Address
Belleviow. Im
proved most efficient in prlwvmtl and
curing Hog and Chtcken Cholem an
kindred dtlease. It ti also a Ie cOm-
dituon powder. Bale are lsor tnag. If
your dealer don't keep it we WOl mar
it to you on receipt of rto. 35
lb. Aberal discount todealMr A
MORGAN. Axgest, .lm.m MLI.N


Get Thin
Get fat; get nice and plumn;
there is safety in plumpness.
Summer has tried your
food-works; winter is coming
to try your breath-mill. Fall
is the time to brace yourself.
But weather is tricky; look
out 1 Look out for colds espec-
Scott's Emulsion of Cod
Liver Oil is the subtlest of
helps. It is food, the easiest
food in the world; it is more
than food, it helps you digest
your food, and get more nutn-
ment from it.
Don't get thin, there is
safety in plumpness. Man
woman and child.
If you have not tried it, send for free sanmpl
it agreeable taste will surprise yo.
P P6&fl start, new ya.
pe. and Si.oo; all druggit.





Surely that the train we were to take
moves away without us, I will not nag
him by saying, "Oh, do hurry up, we
haven't a minute to lose." No, I shall
remark cheerfully, "There are other PTA
trains I suppose that we can take," and
We knrow next time I guarantee he won't dwadle T
over his cigar or expect me to prod him
nothing better into activity. I will be helplessly cling-
than coughing ing. to all appearances with no notion
to tear the lin- whatever with what the word 'manage- a k-ft f has nog O
SIngof your ment' means, but behind his back I will
th rof yond put my wits together and will do every- unlitrom to ieed a fiy bwhel crop dof w ea
t hr at and thing in my power to save his money I u
lungs. It is for him in the running of the house atid only enollg Poi r fW a thity b uha.
better than wet the judicious selection of my own ward-
feet to cause robe. Then I will lay away my savings then only t ty can possIbly be prodded
bronchitis and and should a rainy day come, I will drag F fltz sh t of Potah wll podl
them forth and present them to him. at
pneumonia. which time he will be astonished to dis- op
Only keep it cover that the simple, unsophisticated
up and ou wife knew a thing or two all alon.--Se-
ill UCCd n elected. W e navL vluaWto badms* alefd &JU bout the uMof 10.
wil s uccf in e. God Knows Bemt. m lseru anad Poteh whih stwhouli be tin te hm.anda.of
reducing your "I need oil." said an ancient monk: So tun mw. Wo Sgra mAi th mV FILREE. A poese wi d
S Weight, losing he planted him an olive sapling.
your appetite, "Lord," he prayed, "it needs rain,
bringing on a that its roots may drink and swell. Send
slow fever, and gentle showers." and the Lord sent a GERMAN KALI WORKS. 95 Na.su Sto Nw York.
slow ever, an gentle shower.
making every- "Lord." prayed the monk, "my tree
thing exactly needs sun. Send sun. I pray thee."
right for the \n the sun shone, gilding the dripping
g rm ill your cough "Now frost my Lord, to brace its tis-
Better kill your ough sues." said the monk, and behold, the
before it kills you. little tree stood sparkling with frost.
IrZ t so ught the cell of a brother monk, and 02
told his strange experience.
"I, too, have planted a little tree," he
sald, "and see It thrive s wll. I1ut I
Sntrusted my little tree to its God. He IBM,
who made it knows better what it needs W ATCHES
than a man like me. I laid no condit-
tions. I fixed not ways nor means. 'Lord
send it what it needs.' I prayed-'storm
A or sunshine, wind, rain or frost. Thou
kills coy hst made it and thou dost know.'"-
kllhs coughs of every Selected.
kind. A 25 cent bottle
Ji fi f Mir- fi fi din S- er a ved MMHi gt. FR EE
nary cough; for the Hle carefully prepared the small gar-
harder coughs of bron- den plot, while his wife, deeply inter- Premium Offer No 1. "'"Ay d"".oS" ""i u""
chitis you will need a 50 ested in his labor, stood watching him. F2.a0 willreceive an open-face, tem-wind
cent bottle; and for the After he had put in the seeds and andstem-set watch,guaranteedbythe manufacturersforone year. Those whochooe
coughs of consumption his arm to accompany him to the house the watch are not entitled to an opportunity to secure a Ton of Fertill erfor $2. Send in
the one dollar size is and on the way she asked: your subscriptions at once o THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonvill, Fla.
most economical. "When will the seeds come up,
y gh redued e t a me o Fhn ?"r1111
o, rl If.,ll Premium Offer No; 2-
gant impnroe and three bottles "I don't expect them to come up at can slc$.50woth sudf th
rte wa me dhrelth.- ftrlieer can se leetr.u of GriaftIn Bros J cb l
8m Mots "You don't!" she exclaimed. "Then Fla which will be sent FREE. Thou selecting er not tit to a o o
Ost. t, Ie. Browntown, V. why have you gone to all that trou- i zefo $2.00. Send name to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURI, Jacksonville, Fa.
With a smile that springs from su-
perior knowledge, ihe answered "The OC AN S EA S P
seeds won't come up, hut the plants OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO
If there are any unwashable buttons Yet he was wrong; for his neighbors'
or trimmings, remove them, brush the henm got into him garden. and the needs
dust from the scams and throw the did come up.-Colliers' Weekly.
shirt into clear cold water for an hour.dd come u'
If you are afraid of the color running, ang Time.'
add a handful of salt. After washing The folloaingpped rom an ex-
warm suds and drying it make your The following, clipped from an
starch by dissolving a tablespoonful of change, contains some good suggestions
dry starch in a quart of water. Thick that we might follow to advantage.
cambric blouses should be onlystarched "Itis not how much work, but how
at the collar and cuffs and down the done and what does it profit, that the
front hem. To the starch should be add- housekeeper should consider. There .. -
ed half a teaspoonful of gum arabic dis- are so many steps to be taken that
solved in water with a little borax. brain work should lessen. It is often
Wring the shirt dry out of the wrinsing said that woman's work doesn't count,
water and hold it by the back of the but it should be made to count when-
neck. Gather up collar, cuffs and front ever possible. In going from dining ,
hem, and work in the starch, after room to kitchen or pantry, steps may
which wring these parts in a towel and be saved by planning ahead and arti- "AVANNAH LINE"
rub them thoroulluyw roll up tight an I cles carried back or forth saving an ex-
..Ti-.?..R IM .llf R. R i ..i a i.. iis t na riDr Sty SSS^ A Nt SEA5--
of which they are ready for ironing, appreciated by people who are not
Iron first the yoke, then the collar, in- strong. A pencil and tablet hanging in
side and outside, then the back, front a convenient place often saves time
and last of all the sleeves and cuffs. A and worry if required articles are jot- FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSEN0ER ROUTE.
shirt board and sleeve board are very ted down. One trip to the grocery or
helpful, and indeed the later is a necess- to town will answer for everything
ity.-Selected. wanted and there is no danger of for- .. FROM
getting necessary articles. The heat-
The Womnly Grace of Dependence. ed season is here again, don't waste FLORIDA TO NEW YORK,
JTh rWason why there are so many energy or strength by not looking
unhappy marriages," Said a bright ahead." .BOSTON AND!1"a EAST.
young woman, "is because women know ust look at the different premiums
too much they are too independent, too wust look at the different premiums
rone to ead, rather than demurely fol- we offer for new subscribers. SHORT.RAIL RIDE.TO SAVANNAH, 0EO01A.
ow. Now when I get married I am
going to be absolutely dependent-to all Thence via Palatial express Steamships, sailings rom Savannah, Pour 8hi" each week
appearances. If we are going to take a to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ships or und Lans.
tripp rillcbe hubby who will see that U AIAll ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly saili schedules. Write
trip it will be hubby who wll see thaes Use for general information, mailing schedules, astateroom reservations, or call on
the expressman calls, hubby who buys Intioe Sold bytdraoots. E.H.HINTON.Tra eMgr., WALTei N AWI16ees.!Ag%
the tickets and checks the bagagge, and . IT ra gr., WA1/r l AW8it, .co. gt.,
if he Ils s t to smoke his cigar so leis- sMvunah.'Ga. 242W. ay & st., Jacksonvll la



^ % '_ I II. I Al -- -A^-,-

0. 0 FOR $2.00

0 e 0


r_ io,ooo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AURICULTURtiT within the next six months.
Every Thirtieth person remitting $2.oo for a year's subscription will be given an order for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired .. ..


Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. O. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for one
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
.... ..................... oo multiple of 30, a 60, 9Q. 3Q0, gtY,, you san order a
flessrs. E; O. PAINTER & CO., ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist, Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
DeLand, Fla. ist at the regular price of $2 per year and have one
Gentlemen-Please fnd enclosed $2.00 for one year's sub- chance i of i .. .high fertilizer
scription to the Florida Agriculturist to begin at once. It chance In 30 of getting a ton o gh grade fertilzer
is understood that should the number of my receipt be 30 beside. This may be YOUR opportunity.
f 0-f --h- ~~~~I P. iv.t- p

or any multiple of thia numlutr, I UI order a to of any
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. cars at Jacksonville, Fla.,, without further expense
to me.
Ph.irO n PA d irte . ................................ .
Frelgat Depot................... ......... ..........
P. 0. Address............... .............................

Note-If the station to which the fertilizer is to be shipped is a DE LAND,
**prepay." amount of fr!Lght must be forwarded with instrctions. DE LAND




Received of E. O. Painter & Co., one
ton Simon Pure Fertilizer, No. 1, with
a total cost to me of $2.00 and freight.
W. H. Bigelow
Tarpon Springs, Fla., April 9, 1900.
E . Pinter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.:
Gentlemen:-I thank you very much
for the ton of fertilizer you have sent
me. I know what it is, as I have used
it and consider it at least the eqaul of
any in the market, it not the best.

This is fhe first prize I ever drew in my
life and I assure you it Is appreciated.
Very truly yours,
W. H. Bigelow.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have received a ton of
your Simon Pure Fertilizer, which cost
me only $2.00 and freight, besides get-
ting the Agriculturist for one year.
I know from experience that the fer-
tilizer is the best offered for sale in

Florida and the Agriculturist the grow-
ers true friend. J. C. Mathews.
4 &
Plant City, Fla.,
August 9, 1900.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I hereby acknowledge
the receipt of one ton of your Si-
mon Pure Fertilizer for the sum of
*2.00, having been one of the lucky
numbers who received fertilizer on
your liberal offer to the subscribers to

your most valuable paper, the best ag-
riculturist paper in the state. I praise
this fertilizer very highly as I have
long ago been convinced by actual
test upon my farm that Simon Pure
fertilizer put up by E. O. Painter &
Co., of Jacksonville, are as good as
can be had. I have used it along aide
of and and prefer 'it to
either. Thanking you for past favors
I remain, Yours Respectfully,
Jno. A. Barns.

A High-Grade Fertilizer





Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................$30.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.00 per ton
$ IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.....$28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. ............... 28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE.......... $3o.oo00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER ...................... $2o.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
lib's Poot Brand Blood and Bone, $18.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertillzer, $44.00 per ton.