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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00036
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: September 5, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00036
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text




~-~EIV~r p~py

.ot 'i I C ult


Vol. XXVII, No. 36.


Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, Sept 5, 1900.


Whole No. 1388


F,- S


Iaea ualture,
Editor Florida Agrieultrist.
On the tenth day of February of this
year, I planted 8 quarts of common rice
on a piece of common pine land, which
had been cowpenned. It measured
104x223 feet. rows three and one half
feet apart. It was plowed twice, ten
rows were plowed three times-they
showed the benefit of the third plowing
by making heavier rice. It was all
hoed twice. Ran interferred with
plowing it all the third time.
The rice averaged in height fully six
feet. I have thrashed out forty six
measured bushels of good rice and
saved not less than thirty cwt. good
atraw.
I will add that I spread on and plow-
ed under about eight hundred pounds
stable manure which greatly increased
the production, and, I believe, is a sure
preventative of blight, or rust, on pine
land.
In 18W1 I cowpenned this land and
planted it in sweet potatoes and in 1898
I planted sugar cane and in 1899 1
planted wax beans and then is when I
put out my stable manure after the
wax beans came off, I planted it in the
velvet beans. A. B ryan.
Jane Jay, Polk county, Fla.
(The scarcity of blight and rust is
due to some other cause. Stable ma-
nure will encourage it.-Ed.)
4 C
~ilslphide of Carbon.
In Gleanings for April 15, Rambler
thus tells how Dr. Chase kills moth
worms in orod -oumis.
"Set the hives containing the combs
in a pile of several in height; place un-
der the bottom hive a few drops of bi-
sulphide of carbon, and it will soon ac-
complish its mission."
Those who have tried this plan have
undoubtedly .thought there was a mis-
take somewhere for th6 faCt is, nued
in this way it would not have much
more effect than so much water-at
least on such moth-worms as inhabit
this locality. I have used considerable
bisulphide during the last few years,
and have done a good deal of experi-
menting with it; and if used in the
right way it will kill the worms and
also kill or destroy the vitality of any
eggs of the moth-miller which may be
in the combs at the time they are
treated.
Before describing the method that
must necessarily be employed to do
this I wish to say a few words about
the bisulphide; and I should like to
know if there is any one in our ranks
who knows much about it-how it is
made and whether there are two kinds
of it. The druggist here was able to
give me but little information in re-
gard to the matter; but he said he
thought there was only one kind; but
I think there must be two kinds or at
least two grades of the stuff.
Some time ago I bought quite a
quantity of it. This had a powerful re-
pulsive, sickening odor, and it was very
expolatve. The druggist cautioned me
to be very careful with it, for he said
it was very dangerous if fire was


brought near it an the fumve frem it
as well as the liquid itself, would ex-
plode.
In order to find out how dangerous it
was I experimented with it by putting
small quantities in a dish, and using a
lighted match on the end of a long
stick. Before the flame touhefI tihe
liquid itself there would be an explos-
ion every time.
Section honey which was exposed to
the fumes long enough to have moth-
worms killed seemed thinner, or gather
and hold some of this damp fume. In
some cases the combs, soon after treat-
ment, would sweat the same as honey,
that has been kept in a damp cool place
wilL It aino injured the flar r, I v-
plained the matter In detail in Glean-
ings the same season these experiments
were made.
This first supply having been used
up, last season I purchased more.
which seems considerably different
from what I had at first. This first
supply I got was kept by the druggist
in a large tin can which would hold a
number of gallons. All he had last
season was in small tin cans which
held only a pound, and it was more ex-
pensive than that which he former.
had. The bisulphide in these small
cans, costing 40 cents apiece, though
it was nearly if not fully as effective
in destroying moth-worms as the first
was, the fumes from it do not seem so
powerful, neither could I get any to
explode. A lighted match dropped into
a small quantity of it would not cause
an explosion, though it would set the
liuld on fire, which would burn some-
wutt iowiy untii all consumed, and it
does not appear to injure comb-honey
as the first did, though my experiments
with it in this respect have not been
thorough enough so I can say positively
that it will not. I would not dispense
with its use as a means of destroying
moth-worms and eggs in brood-combs
oven ir It oost three or four dollars n
pound; but in order to make its use
effective it is necessary that the combs
to be treated should be put in a barrel.
box or something of the kind that can
be closed up perfectly tight; and in-
stead of sprinkling a small amount of
the bisulphide on the inside of what
ever is used, quite a quantity of it must
be placed inside in an open dish. I
use a small glass tumbler. The amount
to use does not matter so there is
enough: for any that does not evayrr-
ate can be poured back into the can for
future use, as, no matter how long a
quantity of it may have been exposed
to the air, any of it which has not ev-
aporated is just as strong as it was be-
fore being exposed. It is like chloro
form in this respect. The latter I have
also used and found to be effective in
destroying worms in brood-combs. But
it has no effect on the eggs, and it ut-
terly ruins the flavor of comb honey,
giving it a strong rank taste. It is
much more expensive for this purpose
than the bisulphide and the combs
have to be subjected to its fumes for
a much longer lime.
When using bisulphide, the length of
time necessary to expose combs to its
fumes depends upon how tight the box


can be closed, and its size-no matter.
or whatever Is used to treat them in
though, how long brood-combs are
exposed to these fumes, it does not in-
jure them in the least; but as a matter
of economy merely, one would not de-
sire to treat them for a longer length
of time than i? necessary, and this is
an easy matter to tell; for if, upon lift-
ing out one of the combs, and one
dead worm is found, they are all dead,
for this stuff shows no favor, but kills
all. big or little, alike and at the same
or very nearly the same time. It is en-
tirely different in this respect from the
fumes of sulphur, for with sulphur, as
those who have used it have probably
noticed, the small worms are killed in
HulIll 1iRB lil.9 tanu tite large- orn:
and if, as my experiments last summer
lead me to believe there is one kind of
bisulphide of carbon that will not
injure section honey, it will be a great
boon to bee-keepers in localities where
moth-worms are as troublesome as
they are here, for except when they are
quite small it is impossible to kill them
in comb honey with the fumes of sul-
phur unless the combs are treated long
enough to become discolored, which, in
the case of section honey, may injure
or prevent its sale altogether, And af-
ter worms reach a certain size, say one
inch in length, it is impossible to kill
them at all with sulphur unless the
combs they are in are treated so long
that they become fairly green in color.
But for some reason moth-worms de-
velop much more rapidly in brood-
combs than they do in section honey.
On this account it is not so difficult a
matter to keep the later free of them
tiy tie use or suaslphur.providMed fBy AFp
treated in time, and often enough so
the worms do not reach much size; for
when the worms are very small they
can be killed with sulphur without dis-
coloring the combs in the least; but
sulphur has no effect on the moth-eggs
and the great advantage of bisulphide
to troat brood-t-ombis t that it hill the
egg also, so only one treatment is nec-
essary if the combs are afterward put
where the moth-miller does not have
access to them.-C. Davenport in Bee
Gleanings.
a *
An Ideal Bee loality in Florida.
Bees are doing well in this part of
Florida, and to-day we have our hives
built up three stories high, all full of
honey. VW have not yet extracted,
having been too busy putting on supers
and removing the comb honey. The
flow first started from ti-ti, followed
by black tupelo, black gum, holly, haw,
red bay and yet to come are white tup-
elo, gall-berry, snowvine palmetto, and
several others of less importance
However, the white tupelo is the main
source from which the flow is obtained.
It is usually extracted before it is
sealed, and will weigh, when thrown
from the comb, 12 pounds per gallon.
and will class as No.-2; and as it never
granulates, it is being taken very read-
ily by the more extensive dealers, and
at prices comparing favorably with
that of white clover. Just how many
colonies could be profitably kept in
one place here has not yet been settled


but we know that 600 have been kept
and I no doubt 1000 caldd Do. T e
sources from which honey Is obtained
are almost unlimited. Of course, a poor
season for gathering nectar comes
all the same. We have been keeping
bees for the past 30 years, and our ex-
perience has been gained in Ohio, Cal-
ifornia, colorado, back to Ohio, and,
later, to Florida; and when we say
that this section of Florida is ahead of
any other place we have ever seen, we
say it understandingly, knowing what
goes to make a locality in which a bee-
keeper will be successful.
It is not every place where thb great-
est yields are produced that always
bring in the most money to the produe-
Ouf Q1 Ih noney. Aldermani & Roberts
have kept 3000 colonies within a radi-
us of a few miles, and have grown old
in the business. There are many bees
kept in box hives, and we have a few
bee-men who say flowers produce no
honey, but that it is honey-dew that
falls on the bloom. They don't tell us
why the dew never hits the leaves of
the plant, but only the bloom. Perhaps
the "king-bee" don't have it done that
way. All bees have to be set up on tree-
ties about two feet high, as the ground
often gets over flowed with water; anu
sometimes two feet is not high enough
and hives, bees, and all start for some
other places via the river and gulf.
Concerning the merits of the thick-
top-bar frames to prevent burr-combs,
we will say that on some colonies it
does prevent and on others there
could be no more burrs, braces, and
bridges built it the top-bars were but
1-4 inch thick. The Hoffman frame is
no good down i i- fal , Wn WaB{
no self-spacing frame. We are told
that the Hoffman frames can be picked
up in pairs; and what of it if they
can? How often do you want to pick
them up in pairs? We fail to see
any weight of argument in that idea.
When we manipulate a hive we want
to Know what Is on both olden of each
frame, so we have to pick them up one
at a time, and we don't want to have to
pry each one off the rest. No doubt in
many places self-spacing is all right,
but not here. M. W. Sheperd.
Marchant, Fla., Apr. 17.
(Look here, friend Shepherd; you
had better be cautious about telling
how good a locality you have in your
vicinity. It may be you will have oth-
ers flocking to your field to divide the
spoils. It is interesting to know, how-
ever, that the locality is so good that
it would support 1000 colonies in one
place or 300-within a radius of a few
miles.
Referring to thick top-bars, I am well
aware they are not absolutely proof
against burr-combs, and that some col-
onies will build them in spite of them.
Having traveled all over the United
States, and inspected various apiaries,
I am very sure you are wrong in think-
ing that thick bars are no better than
those 1-4 inch thick, but the majority
of the colonies I have seen with thick
top-bars, burr-combs were built very
sparingly-so few indeed, we may say
they practically do away with the nuis-
ance. Of course, if there is some par-











m8 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


ticular colony that seems to disregard
thick bars, that would be an exception
to the rule, and would really cut no fig-
ure.
As to the Hoffman ends not being
suitable for any hot climate, that point
we have practically conceded for sev-
eral years, and yet there are some who
will have them in the sunny south. In
Cuba most bee-keepers there insist on
having them, although we have recom-
mended unspaced or metal-spaced
frames.-Ed.)-Gleanings in Bee Cul-
ture.
*
Produeton of Now Varieties.
The following is an address by Dr. A.
M. Ragland before the Texas Farmer's
Congress:
The rapid development of Southern
hortkulturc Io i ii tj w tlBy 8 up
thought. We need only to go back a
quarter of a century to find ourselves
at the beginning of this new era.
One could then have counted upon the
fingers of one hand the names of those
who were engaged at widely scattered
points, in the work of laying the foun-
dations for the splendid system of
southern horticulture, which is ere long
to astonish by its magnificent complete
ness the people north and east, who
have been wont to jeer the possibility
of such a rivalry. The train loads of
horticultural products now pouring in-
to northern cities and towns, challenge
by their abundance, excellence of qual-
t A _nd eh~pioPua the hnnyrv, eyes of
iU-ii i naIuem1-a. FiRli-as and
plums blushing pink from the sun-
kissed hills of eastern Texas; pears,
golden and delicious; strawberries, fra-
grant and sweet, from the coast coun-
try; apples, grown plump and fat, rosy
as a maiden in her teens, are ripening
under the magic touch of "Old Sol" in
north Texas, and all are going upon
markets where there is no home com-
petition.
Since the time when a Berckmans in
the east and a Watson and an Onder-
donk in the west began to study and
experiment, seeking both to create and
to supply a demand for fruits there has
been a gradual unfolding of plans to
,give to the south such fruits as would
satisfy the wants of her people. For
many years progress was extremely
slow. At first efforts were made to
find varieties in the older northern and
eastern states and Europe that would
adapt tnemselvea to our climate 1ad
soil. France, Belgium and England
were visited and laid under contribu-
tion; but, with only a few exceptions,
the fruits from northern latitudes, in
Europe and America, failed to give sat-
isfactory results. The next step in our
horticultural development was the in-
stitution of a thorough search for seed-
ling fruits of merit, which, it was rea-
soned, would be found hardy and cap-
able of resisting the untoward condi-
tions that militated against success
with imported varieties. Only a few
such seedlings were discovered here
and there none possesed the high mer-
it in point of frultfullness and excel-
lence of quality that now obtains; but
they were taken at a basis, and new
varieties sought to be evolved by cross-
fertilization of these with some of the
finest varieties brought from other lat-
itudes. But for various reasons, which
we need not mention, progress was
still extremely tardy, and any one else
but the enthusiast in horticulture
would have given up in disgust.
Our venerable friend, G. Onderdonk,
exemplifies finely the spirit of unflinch-
ing perserverance in his great under-
taking, more than a third of a century
ago, to give to south Texas a list of
fruits that were adapted to the extreme
south. His work was principally with
stone fruits. He early discovered that
the Persian race of peaches was a fail-
ure; so were the seedlings of this
strain. He undertook the improve-
ment of the Spanish race, and after
long years of experimentation, planting
-many thousand seedlings in his experi-
nental grounds, he succeeded in con-
structing a list of varieties from the
Spanish and south China races and
their crosses that supplied this delic-
ious fruit to the denizens of his sec-
tion. With mileposts and sign boards
set up by these older worthies, we ar-
rive at the time when it is acknowl-
edged by the progressive southern hor-
ticulturist that southern horticulture
must have new races of adapted fruits


and that working along these lines we
are already achieving a success that is
indeed a fulfillment of the prophecy
made 35 years ago by the distinguished
agricultural editor of the Mobile Reg-
ister, Prof. J. P. Steele, who declared
that success in fruit growing south was
to be achieved only by development
of fruits adapted specifically to south-
ern climatic conditions, and these must
be developed out of material native and
to the manner born.
In the past ten years more new va-
rieties of peaches, plums, apples,
grapes, etc., of southern origin have
been introduced by enterprising nurse-
rymen than in all our past history, and
what is more to the point, these new
varieties are surprisingly fine, challeng-
ing both California and the east to
comparative test The results justify
us in predcting and expecting thi
south (more especially Texas, with her
varied climatic conditions and fertile
soil) to capture and hold the trade both
north and east.
If space would allow, the writer
would like to mention in detail the
splendid successes of Munson, Kirk-
patrick, Kerr and others in north Tex-
as; of the Watsons, Onderdonk, Mally,
and others in southern Texas; of Falk-
ner, Ramsey and others in west Texas;
of a host of workers in eastern Texas.
What we desire most is, to empha-
size the fact that these splendid re-
sults are due to the evolution of new
types of southern origin. The day is
ss6f Wrs oi"1? all * the 0ld ','e4-
Vtico of nerlerai iigf Wil f L-araeS
from the catalogues of southern nurse-
rymen and their places filled by much
better fruit of home protection. The
slogan for Texas fruitgrowers and
nurserymen may well be-southern
fruits for southern orchards, produced
by southern nurseries.
0
Preserving raits in Their Natural
Colors.
The following address was delivered
by Prof. R. H. Price before the horti-
cultural section of the Farmers' con-
gress:
If fruits could be preserved in their
natural colors it would be an excellent
thing to educate the public to know
and to appreciate more the valuable
horticultural productions. There is no
question about the fact that fine spec-
imens of horticultural productions are
nmonr the moot attractily fatwegr ?o
agricultural fairs and exhibitions gen-
erally. Of all the productions of the
soil luscious fruits and vegetables take
the lead In being most temping to the
human eye.
Quite a number of individuals and
corporations that desire to put up hor-
ticultural exhibits have written to me
asking for definite information along
this line. This shows quite plainly the
great interest in the work. We have
carried on some experiments in pre-
serving fruits In their natural colors
during the past two years. We have
had under test grapes, peaches, figs,
and also some apples and pears. This
work has progressed rather slowly ow-
ing to the fact that we were crowded
with other work during the time when
the fruits were ripening. However,
we have obtained some results that
may be of interest. It is an extremely
difficult thing to preserve many fruits
especially soft fruits, in their natural
colors. The same troubles have been
encountered by other stations that
have done work in this line.
We have used in all our work some
form of preparation known as formal-
dehyde. This is one of the recent and
most powerful germicides or preserv-
ing agents known. It Is made by pass-
ing alcohol through fillings of copper
when heated. The commercial article
that we use for this purpose is a liquid
and consists of only 40 per cent solu-
tion. It costs pretty high in the mar-
kets, but a little of It will make quite
a lot of the preparation, since a very
small per cent is sufficient to preserve
most things. It is quoted at 70 cents
per pint, and a 2 per cent solution is
which is sufficient to preserve most
grapes, and a 5 per cent solution is
grapes, the cost wil be 12% cents per
gallon, and a 5 per cent solution is
strong enough for most peaches, pears
and apples. When made this strength
the preparation will cost about 28 cents
per gallon. So that while formalde-
hyde Is quit high, the preparations


made from it Is comparatively cheap.,
We find that the museum jars are one
of the most costly items; for instance,
a museum jar three Inches in diam-
eter and seven inches high and holding
one pint is quoted at $5.75 per dozen,
and a jar 4% inches in diameter and
6 inches high and holding one quart
Is quoted at $0 per dozen. We obtain
from the manufacturers 45 per cent
discount on these figures. For ordinary
purposes the common Mason fruit jar
is quite good, since it can be sealed up
fairly tight. One of our greatest trou-
bles with the museum Jar is that it is
difficult to screw the top down tight
enough to hold the formaldehyde in
and not crack the lid of the jar.
For dew berries and sweet grapes we
have found that the 2 per cent mix-
ture of the formaldehyde preserves
most of ihcm fairly well in tliM atetM -
al colors. With the more acid grapes,
we have found that many- of them
were frequently discolored by this solu-
tion. In some instances we have add-
ed to the 2 per cent solution some soda,
and also sugar, to neutralize the acid
largely and to make the preparation
more dense, to help, in many respects,
preserve the fruits in their natural col-
ors. Just how much soda to use, and
how much sugar will vary with the
varieties. In fact there seems to be no
positive rule that could be made gov-
erning the use of one formaldehyde
formula for all varieties. With peaches
apples and pears we have used the
g B Coft eolutlom. and the addition of
00d1 and sivI Hgga fat a(84n tume ers
ficiency of the preparation so far in
our experiments. However, we may
find varieties in our work that will be
benefitted by it.
To make this solution, take !S parts
of water and 2 parts formaldehyde for
what we call the 2 per cent solution,
and 95 parts water and 5 Darts formal-
dehyde for what we call the 5 per ent
solution. Use cistern or soft water.
The specimens that I show will bring
out the points that I make in this talk
more clearly. Use ripe, sound and per-
fect specimens. Fasten the top on
tightly.
When the work progresses further
we hope to be able to give more defi-
nite rules for each of the fruits men-
tioned. After testing a number of
things, the formaldehyde comes near-
est to giving satisfaction to any mater-
ial I have tried,
*
Wa~ted-Better Farming.
In a recent journey of 375 miles and
return in this state and another of
200 miles and return, we were keenly
on the lookout for evidences of im-
provement in Florida farming.
There is improvement in spots. In
large areas there is a dismal failure.
The cotton was everywhere about a
foot high with some exceptions; and
there will be a bale to three, four or
or five acres where there ought to be
a bale to two acres. Shallow plowing,
skimming the soil, no fertilizing, cotton
seed of last crop all sold to the dealer
for a trifle, and the money used to buy
Iow& bacon and flour.
Corn generally about four or five feet
high, ears generally nubbins, blades
pulled off after the old fashion, thereby
robbing the already starved ears, so
that they will be slazy, light, chaffy
and fall easy prey to the weevil. Shal-
low plowing, a "skin and fizzle" plow-
ing in fact, no real plowing at all, only
a single furrow run four or five inches
deep in the old bed and "breaking out
of the middles" as the corn comes
along. There will be eight or ten bush-
els to the acre, pernapa, whore there
ought to be twenty or twenty-five.
If the ground bad been broken up ten
inches deep with a two-horse plow (we
are speaking of old land now, not new.
sour land), plowing under a heavy
growth of dead beggarweed, together
with some cow lot compost or cotton-
seed, then the plants could have some
chance to root down and find foot and
water in a drouth. There would also
have been an escape for some of the
excessive rains of last spring and early
summer.
We have seen fields where men culti-
vated the corn five or six inches deep
right in the broiling heat of summer,
cutting in two the few roots which the
corn had thrown out in an effort to find
plant food. The plowing should be


HAIR
So many
persons
a neve hair
that is
stubborn
and dull.


r 0 wt A .
It won't

Ihat's
the reason? Hair
needs help just as
anythig else does at
times. The roots re-
quir s f atdiiis. whtn
hair stops growing it
loses A l
its lus-
ter. It
looks
dead. Hf l




acts almost instantly
on such hair. It

the hair bulbs. The
effect is astonishing.
Your hair grows, be-
comes thicker, and all
dandruff is removed.
And the original
color of early life is
restored to faded or
gray hair. This is
always the case.
S1.0 Mabttle. AUll rbg s.
"I hare used Ayeres Har Visor.
and amI really astonished at thi
gdit has done in 1%epttn my
Sopm comic g oz t.g i a
best tonic I have tried, and I
shall continue to reeommmnead t to
my friends."







deesp- deep as two horses can well
make it-and the cultivation shallow,
not over two inches deep after the roots
begin to run. With an astonishing fat-
uity men reverse this. plowing shallow
or do not plow at all, then cultivate
deep! With industrious folly, when the
corn is trying to make some roots and
find a little food, they cut those roots
off. The land was plowed so shallow
In the spring or not at all, that the corn
roots are forced to run close to the sur-
face where the ground is hot with sun-
shine, and then the owner comes along
and rips those roots up.
We saw one community where the
Irish potato crop was a decided suc-
cess, notwithstanding the enormous
rainfall of last spring; and we saw
other communities where that crop was
wellnigh a failure. That community
has a heavy flatwoods soil, where ex-
cessive rains would naturally work
more damage than they would on dry.
light lands. But they have drained
their lands, they have scores of miles
of large open ditches; the fields are
cross ditched; potatoes are planted on
beds, like strawberry beds, with only
five or six rows to a bed. The rows are
ridges, almost like sweet potato ridges.
There was a lberal application of well-
balanced commercial fertilizers, the ex-
cessive rains ran off the ridges and did
no harm. The result was an uncom-
mon crop, the potatoes were sound,
and they sold even up to $5 a barrel,
averaging over $3 for the years' crop.
Other neighborhoods had their pota-
toes flooded, from a fourth to a half of
them rotted, and they did not net $2
a barrel for the remainder.-Times
Union & Citizen.





=--~j:


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. D53


spur the Crow.
In a recent number I saw a descrip-
tion of a scare crow. Now I consider
that the one good point about most
scare crows is that the crow pays no
attention to them. We are firm In the
belief, both from personal observation
and from reports of our state college,
that were It not for the crow, black-
bird and similar scavengers, very little
corn would be grown in some sections
at least. We are acquainted with a
number of good men who shoot every
crow they can and while we have talk-
ed to them without changing their
views or practice, we expect to make
but few converts among your readers
who shoot or scare their humble
friends. Now, we will tell you of an
example of what crows will do. A few
years ago we planted about an acre of
early cabbage on sod ground, and we
soon noticed a worm which resembles
a large cut worm, and ate the whole
plant, at work in large numbers and
though our patch was doomed. But
soon the crows began to haunt the
patch and in less than a week we could
not find a worm. It is no joke that
crows will pull corn if not prevented
by some means, and in this way some-
times draw a larger salary than they
earn. A plan always followed by my
father, as long ago as I can remember,
and at present practiced by us, is to
give the seed corn grains a coat of gas
or coal tar. This is done by putting
about a half peck in a bucket, dripping
about a talespoonful of tar over it, and.
mixing thoroughly until every grain is
coated with the tar, but be careful not
to get it too thick. Then, to make it
better to handle, sifted coal ashes are
mixed with the corn until the grains
will not stick together. My father used
to believe that corn treated that way
must first be soaked to sprout prompt-
ly. While it may be a good plan to
soak seed when planting by hand, we
find it does not work well when plant-
ing by machinery, and unsoaked corn
coated with tar, will sprout almost as
quickly as soaked.--Cor. in Practical
Farmer.

Surprises.
The market gardener and fruit-
grower meet with many surprises-
agreeable and otherwise. Insects, fun-
gi and freaks of nature frequently to-
tally change our prospective income.
Cut worms are unusually numerous. De-
stroyed nearly one-third of our first
planting of tomatoes. We did hit
the right time this year to plant the pole
Lima beans. So did the cut worm select
the proper season to mow them off.
From reports it appears that in some
sections of the eastern states they have
a preventive for the cut worm-Paris
green and bran. We tried this mixture
to some extent and it seems to be
partly successful. We found a few dead
worms in close proximity where applied.
One man' simply applied bran to his
plant bed and it did stop the ravages
of the cut worms. It appears that the
cut worms are particularly fond of bran.
We were agreeably surprised that as
numerous as the cut worms were they
did not injure the transplanted nutmegs,
and especially so in one patch which
was sod. How often do we hear, "Do
not plant in sod ground on account of
the cut worm and the white grub." The
worst case of white grubs we ever had
in our strawberries was on ground that
had been in tomatoes two seasons.
Surely we are often surprised not on
account of their absence, but in not
finding them where expected.,-Na-
tional Stockman.
4 C
To iDStroy Cabbage Worms.
Pests of the cabbage family are best
controlled by the use of the following
Insecticide: Pulverized resin five
pounds, concentrated lye one pound,
fish oil one pint, water five gallons.
make this into a stock solution by plac-
ing the oil, resin and one gallon of hot
water in an Iron kettle, heating until
thoe ?rei is sontend Afte.r this, add
the concentrated lye carefully and stir
the mixture thoroughly. Add four more
gallons of water and boil the whole
mass until the mixture will unite with
cold water, making a clear, amber-col-
ored mixture. This mixture should
make five gallons of stock solution.
When this is used, F. A. Sirrine, of the
Geneva Experiment Station, advises
preparing it by combining one gallon


of stock solution with sixteen gallons
of water, three gallons of milk lime is
added. In every case where this mix-
ture is properly applied, good results
were obtained.-American Agricultur-
ist.
C .
Beecher's Agricultural Creed.
"We behve that soil loves to eat,
as well as its owner, and ought there-
fore to be liberally fed.
"We believe in large crops which
leave the land better than they found
it-making both the farmer and the
farm both at once.
"We believe in going to the bottom
of things, and therefore in deep plow-
ing and enough of it. All the better
if with a subsoil plow.
"We believe that every farm should
own a good farmer.
"We believe that the best fertilizer
for any soil Is a spirit of industry, en-
terprise and intelligence. Without this
lime and gypsum, bones and green ma-
nure, marl and guano will be of little
use.
"We believe in good fences, good
barns, good farmhouse, good stock,
good orchards and children enough to
gather the fruit.
"We believe In a clean kitchen, a neat
wife in it, a spinning-piano, a clean
conscience.
"We firmly disbelieve in farmers that
will not improve; in farms that grow
poorer every year; in starving cattle;
in farmers' boys turning into clerks
and merchants; in farmers' daughters
unwilling to work, and in all farmers
ashamed of their vocation or who drink
whiskey until honest people are
ashamed of them."
0
Florida Oranges $2 per Box.
Messrs F. C. Armstrong of Terre
Ciea and F. D. Waite, of Manatee, Fla,
both large orange growers and repre-
senting large growing interests, called
at the Fruit Trade Journal office this
week and made the following state-
ment regarding the Florida orange crop
and prices.
"The report that prices will be $1.50
this season is a great error and is calcu-
lated to work an injustice, to small
growers particularly, In view of the
fact that last year the price ranged
$2 to $2.35. Buyers will hesitate to take
hold, fearing there is something wrong
about the fruit.
"As a matter of fact $2 is rock bot-
tom for this season's oranges, and no
good fruit will go lower. Fruit infect-
ed by the white fly may be $1.50, and
we don't want it to sell with the best,
because buyers lost on It last year. But
our bright, first-class fruit Is going no
lower than $2, and that should be well
known.
"Our crop will be about 700,000 boxes,
and is the best crop In years. The white
fly is not extensive and but little fruit
will show effects of it.
"If small growers should be com-
pelled to take $1.50, now, on account of
these inaccurate reports it would work
a hardship upon them. Hence, we de-
sire the Fruit Trade Journal to print
this statement.
"Florida will have a fair crop of lem-
ons and our grape fruit crop will be
200,00 boxes, three times as big as last
year."-Fruit Trade Journal.
*
Seaweed
The substitution of seaweed for barn-
yard manure as a mulch for orchard
fruits anl vines has its advantages un-
der certain conditions. Seaweed Is con-
sidered especially valuable in dry sea-
sons .on light soils because of iDs sup-
erior moisture-holding properties. It
should be used whenever it can be got.
-Journal.

New Iandscape Gardening Literature
Landscape Gardening.-A treatise on
the general principles governing out-
d-oor Erti w!ith agany saesatins far
their application in the commoner prob-
lems of gardening. By. F. A. Waugh,
professor of Horticulture, university of
Vermont and state agricultural college.
Illustrated, 12mo, 150 pp, cloth; Orange
Judd company, New York. Postpaid,
50 cents.
Professional and amateur gardeners
e .l in their landscape gardening
oftenest simply because they do not


Corn, Hay, Oats,


And all kinds of Feed Stuff at Pock Bottom Prices.

Oats, 125 pound White Clipped $1

Oats, 125 pound Mixed, 1

Corn, 110 pound Mixed, -

Bran, pure, in hundred pound sacks -

Hay, Number I, -
All F.O. B. Cars Jacksonville.


.51

.[45

.22

.95

88


Realizing that many people are so located that they have
not access to first class feed stores that keep a fresh stock of
feed stuff on hand we have arranged to fill small orders at but
a small advance over large lots,-large lots at bottom prices.
No orders filled except where accompanied by the cash. Pri-
ces good for 15 days. If prices go lower you get the benefit.

Florida Grain & Feed Co.,

Lock Box 464, Jacksonville, Fla.

This firm will fill all orders as advertised E.O. Painter & Co.

D FOR SUMMER AND FALL
I- PLANTING.
THE ORIFFINO BROTHER'S CO.,
JSEE D acluivil. Fla.
THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Beeds
and sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Becans, etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
application. Address
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE QRIFFING BROTHER'S CO.,
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jackowville, FPa.

MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.


Florida
New Yorkfl
Phila-
delphia &
Boston AI
From Brunswick direct to
New York.
pNOIPTBIO 8UIStEs fCor TAO.4 19
NORTH BOUND--BaUlSWICK.CG, DIRECT,,TQ NW Y3


Panuse er serrlee.
To make close connec-
tions with steamers leave
Jacksonville (Union de-
pot) Thursdays 8:15 a. m.
(F. C. & P. By.) or Fernan-
lna 1:30 p m., via Cum-
berland steamer; meals
on route, or "all rail" via
Plant System at 7:45 p. m.,
ar. Brunswlckl:30p. m.
passengers on arrival go-
ing directly aboard team
er.


LEAVING EKVRY


8. 8. RIO GBANDB.... ... .............* ** ..............Aug. 3
S. S. COLORADO ..................... ....... ............ Aug. 10
S. S. SAN MARCOB. ...... ........ .......................... Aug. 17
For lowest rates, reseratio and full information apply to
BASIL GILL.
a0 W. Bay Street, Jacsonville, FI.
LH H. Raymond, Aet, pFen ndls., Fla
C. alory & Co., General Agents, Pier 3 l. R., New York.

understand the fundamental principles all mean something and have some vi-
involved. It is comparatively easy to tal connection with the text. The prin-
give practical directions for doing cer- ciples here so carefully analyzed are of
tain kinds of work, but it is very dif- such broad application that the book
ficult to make such directions fit a new will be useful to a large class of read-
set of conditions. Principles, however, ers; not only to professional landscape
apply everywhere, aike. The treat- gardeners, owners of home grounds,
merit of these fudimental principles suburban residents, park and cemetery
forms the keynote to this work. superintendents, but also to architects,
No such complete and careful anal- landscape painters, photographers and
ysis of principles was ever before pre- art lovers and students in general.
sented in this connection. This
analysis enables the reader to see the Mix one pound of the leaves of py-
relation of each fact and principle dis- rethrum with 100 gallons of water and
cussed to all the rest, to appreciate its spray or sprinkle the cabbage leaves,
relative importance and easily to re- and it will kill every worm which
member the whole. The author pos- tastes and not hurt either theabbage
sesses the rare art of condensation In or mankind.
a high degree, so that the reader of this Now is the
wnarli Cun a r Now is the Season wh en the ml
tion in small compass. Every para- boy fills himself with green fruit,
graph is short, terse and to the point, which invariably leads to cramps, di-
giving perfect clearness to the discus- arrhoea or dysentery. If parents are
sions at all points. In spite of the nat-
ural difficulty of presenting abstract prudent, they will have a bottle of
principles, the whole matter is made Pain-Killer, ready for such summer
entirely plain even to the inexperienced emergencies. Avoid substitutes, there
reader. is but one Pan-Killer, Perry Davi'
The illustrations are mechanically e Pain-Ker, Per a .
and artistically very excellent. Besides Price 25c and c. 1











B THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
.. - A,,


hres Pineapple Juice as a Digester
A special investigation conducted by
Prof. R. H. Chittenden, of Yale College
into the ferments contained in the
Juice of the pineapple (Ananassa sat-
iva) a few years ago brought out some
very interesting, and from -a medical
standpoint important facts with regard
to this well known truit. Seno Mar-
cano of-Venezuela was the discoverer
of the existence of a proteld-digesting
principle in plants of the Bromeliaaca,
to which the pineapple belongs. This
discoverer, indeed, made a very prac-
tical application of his knowledge by
using the pineapple Juice as a diges-
tive agent in the preparation of a pre-
digested food from meat. Prof.Chit-
tendon found the proteid-digesting
power of the pineapple to be something
gnite remarkable for its intensity: it is,
i6iOYver, coI nstanut eaure and i0r
which admits of easy demonstration.
From these investigations it is clear-
ly demonstrated that pineapple juice
contains a proteolytic ferment, which
acts in neutral acid, or alkaline solu-
tion (and ie, therefore, analogous to
trypsin), and also globulin like body.
which acts like a rennet in causing
the coagulation of milk. These studies
into the nature of the proteolytic fer-
ment of pineapple juice by Prof. Chit-
tenden, possessing some practical fea-
tures, should be more widely known
than they appear to be at present.
It is evident that in fresh pineapple
juice where we have an efficient, cheap
and agreeable remedy for weak diges-
tion and one especially suited to child-
ren. Not only do we have the action
of the digestive ferments to supply a
defflciency in the secretion of pepsin,
but the small quantity of pepsin which
is secreted has its activity increased
by the pleasant vegetable acid. As the?
fibre of the fruit is indigestible and
may give annoyance to a delicate stom-
ach, the fruit may be simply chewed
without being swallowed or the ex.
pressed juice may be given in meas-
ured quantities after each meal. In
addition to its value in digestive dis-
orders,it is possible that it may be used
-topically in the form of a spray or ap-
plied with & probe Or mop, In caarn of
collections of mucus or exudations
In the upper air passages and in the
throat. If papain or trypsin is useful
in croup of diptheria, there is ground
for DBllevlng that equally good results
may be obtained from the use of fresh-
ly expressed pineapple juice. At all
events, it is certainly a harmless rem-
edy, which cannot be said of some of
the prescriptions for topical applica-
tions to the throat in croup and dip-
theria to be found in the text book.
Pineapple syrup is a pleasant form
in which to administer this agent, but
It should not Do made with heat, pe
it would destroy the ferment. With-
out boiling, however, it rapidly under-
goes, in warm weather, acetic acid fer-
mentation and therby spoils; therefore
It is best to make it extemporaneously
by adding the sugar to the juice at the
time of administration.-Medical Bulle-
tin.

Pineapple Pointers.
Hon. Frederick S. Morse has just se-
cured an order from the United States
Department of Agriculture for 1,000
real Spanish and 200 Golden Queen
pineapple plants to be shipped to Wash-
ington D. C. Prof. Frank Dean, of
the United Btateo tr8plali gardens hrrc
will select the plants for Mr. Morse.
This looks as though the department
might make quite an extensive experi-
ment of growing pines under cover in
the latitude of Washington. The hy-
brid pineapple plants sent from the ag-
ricultural department to Professor
Draw of the tropical gardens are mak-
ing a most vigorous growth. The
fruit growers here are watching these
plants With a great degree of interest.
expecting that some new and very
choice varieties will be the outcome of
this experiment. The hybrid orange
trees at the tropical station are mak-
ing a very satisfactory growth, but Pro-
fessor Dean is of the opinion that sev-
eral years will be required before they
come into fruiting. It seems a long time
to walt, but If these trees prove hardy
so that they can be grown in the re-
gions where killing frosts fall and fruit
proves to be of a desirable quality, it
will be a great triumph for Professor
Weber, who spent much time and pa-


Stint toil in producing thenl.-Miam
cor. to Times Union & Citizen.
, In the window of L. C. Smith, jew
Seller of Gainesville, is a pineapple of his
own raising that, to say the least is a
beautiful one. Two years ago Mr
Smith set out a hundred plants in his
back yard, and about eight months age
they were killed down by the cold, but
soon sprouted again, and from that
time on began to thrive. The plants
became hearty and showed signs of be-
coming fine fruit. Mr. Smith took
great care and pains with them, and
will eventually have as fine a showing
for a pinery as one could wish. The
pines are now beautiful and this gentle-
man has some sixty-five apples in the
fruit and will get several more before
the plants are through bearing. The
Dine is of the Smooth Cayenne variety
and weighs nr poiiMi6, tW c y S;
-Times Union and Citizen.
The pineapple crop of Florida will
break all previous records. The value
of the crop on the east coast alone will
be in excess of $300,000.-Kissimmee
VYlley Gazette,
Everybody is planting pines; old
fields are being reset and much new
land is being planted. All of the fields
are looking wonderfully well. This
year seems like old times-no mosqui-
toes, east winds every day, plenty of
rain-everthing seems prosperous. We
are almost afraid to mention it, for
fear it will not last.-East Coast Ad-
vocate.

Cucumber Pests.
Probably no insect has withstood
more methods of repression than the
striped cucumber beetle. Each year
some new style of plant cover, some
new poison or some foul-smelling com-
pound is pronounced by writers in the
agricultural press a never-failing de-
fense; yet the little pest returns to the
attack every season in increasing num-
bers, and with a sharper appetite than
before, says a bulletin from the New
York experiment station. It may safe-
ly be said that no perfect remedy or
preventative has yet been found. Only
hr a combination of two or more meas-
ures can we hope to keep even, or pc1'-
haps get a trifle the better of the in-
significant appearing little foe. Squash
is the beetle's favorite food plant, so
this vegetable should be planted in
single rows along the margins of small
patches, or in several rows around
large fields about four days before the
cucumber seed are sown. When these
trap plants are up and the beetles ap-
pear about them, dust about half of the
plants with green arsenite, reserving
other half for use if rain or heavy dew
makes the poison soluable and kills the
vines first treated. The beetles will
feed upon the squash vines and be pol-
soned by the arsenite. When the cu-
cumbers are up they should be sprayed
with Bordeaux mixture and more of
the squash vine should be poisoned.--
Ex.
S*
State of Ohio, City of Toledo, Lucas
County, ss.
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he
is senior partner of the firm of F. J.
Cheney & Co., doing business in the
city of Toledo, County and State afore-
said, and that said firm will pay the
sum of ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS
for each and every case of catarrh
that cannot be uwed by the use of
Hall's Catarrh Cure.
FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before me and subscribed
in my presence, this 6th day of Decem-
ber, A. D., 1880. A. W. Gleason,
Seal. Notary Public.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter-
nally and acts directly on the blood and
mucous surfaces of the system. Send
for testimonials free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0.
Sold by all druggists, 75 cents.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.


TOBACCO DUST.
It your fowls are troubled with lice
or jiggers, send $t.25 and get 100
pounds of tobacco dust and sprinkle
it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
anteed to be unleashed. Send 2 cent
tamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Co.,
Jacksonville, Fla.


Florida flnst Coast Ry.

BOUTH BOitOb (fieadl !brn.. orr, &ta 6 Aeg. U, iiar. .. ..5.. .t....


Daly Day No. STATIONS. Na r.
T_ M' l _n Lv........ Jakso n........
6isp UleAr ...... at. Agusuue........
6Mp ItI Lv .......t... Att..........

..o.p..6p Av......... 8n.. ...........L
sop I l r ....... t ......
7Sp ... Ar...........Mtalatks...........'L
5 1 661 LY........... P8P ..........Ar
61 0 p Lv......... mstPultl...........A
7.20p 1 ........... Ornond...........Lv
78ip 137p D...........yto ..
8..p o.7p ".........PrtOrage.........
8 8o .. .......New a ........
...... ...........oa' n ...........
...... .......... it le ...........
...... 8, ". .......... aLo ........... "
.... ..........M lbour......... .
... L "....... ... l nd .........

...... .........Ma.r. M ......... .
.... t i ........
...... s e ..........n:.i ab ......... ..
...... 6 ............ ta r ............

...... oop .......... .Bton ......... "

...... op r........In.. .oamt.........
...... IpAr............Miami..........L.


Dally aDy



8S8
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.1 Up.ON

l55P.....

"I OP.....
12 2-8P m
n of





11l ...od& :
11rm ...
il1i o.... -


Buffett Parlor O a n Trains 5 and 78


Detwuo .mJaokomvUUI,, P Fable UBseo hd y


STATIONS. I


x'Snn asa
e u ONY W Y aiv plly


Lv. Jaeksonville .................... 7i
ArPablo Beech6...........::7lThl 10 llpO f9851 1 Tjp UN.
a yport ..... ........ ... .. ... ...
OTATIONS.IMT mmSu
Lv M yp rt .................. .....
Pal~eb............01
4r. J1501 mvlle........... 62 4


Notweem No wBua a&" Ozauge
City luetim.


metwem Titueyljl Ad ndSaaS


3. NI. STIvRINB. oJ1 .4. LV.
N ......... .......
sla ..N arn .. I ............ m= ..........
o A_' ; U ;;;;;;"'g .
S.. ........... ..........
Anll betw a T Al tla s btwe,. and.
JAWo r ud. deleYt
omthe several salae, but their arriia dr at the tWe t
oros tOiny holhod itseli sr er a deer or ma y


Steamship Connections at Miami.
HAVANA UNE. -



S- KEY WEST LNB. -
l lr....... ......... p. rri p a t W t T =. ....*.... i:* .m .,
I^T W ............. ay in .......
Peela fer aa can leave ILud frUO l lwe W B
rf tan ln in Ke W 1 t ntaiSi O .nM. lam
ft the stesanrip'Ohivette." arrivigNa -.us 'Pm6a =&L *Agw
For oopy of local time ad address
J. P. BBOWIT Trams Manager. J. A BARNN A. P. A.
51. Anugntim

C0 U B A I BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON.
Parties intending visiting Cuba will I bor use In granaries to kill weevil, to de-
do well to correspond with me about troy rate and gonher and to keep In-
lands, etc. Use 5S. postage. sect from the see. etc
THOSE. R. TOWNS, 2o CENTS PER POUND,
Quiebra Hacha, Cuba. put up in ten and ftten pound cans.
P. del uieb Hacha tuba. cents extra for the cans.
P. delRio Province. E. PAINTER & CO., Jackovills.

THE U. S. LIVE STOCK REMWT IL Sb
proved moat eciem t in reventia and CAN
curing Hog and Ohcken Choler and CANCER CURED WI'HOMU PAIN.
kindred dieuese. It isalso a fae con- NO KNIFE USBD.
dition powder. Raes are mreasin. CURE GUARANTEED.
your dealer don't keep it we wij mail a ase of Pe we antour
it to you on receipt of price o per %A Write for tree books. Adde.t
lb. IAberal discount to dealers. ISAAC BELL2VIEW SANITARIUM.
MORGAN. AgIt. KIuimmee, PF. U2 BellrevLw. -


0


......


. .


F I


- I


IF sit Jkmmwa


1.f-%I II


I


lIt-IN -Is


Uller










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


RBMu>LLaa LWPAMMWXKNT.
All communications or enquiries for this de
apartment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRIC-ULTURIST,
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.

Editor Fertilizer Department.
I am very much interested in the fer-
tili aspartafi t ia "a fwaL U wwim
the full price of the paper, to say noth-
ing about the good things in the other
departments. I note your remarks on
lime to correct the acidity of the soil.
How can we tell whether our soil needs
this lime? If you can give us this in-
formation, it will enable us to tell
whether it is necessary to go to the
trouble to put on lime or not. J. H.
East Coast.
You can test your soil by using blue
lltmus paper, which you can procurn
at almost any drugstore. Take a tea-
S cup half full of soil gathered from
different portions of your field, and
moisten it with water enough to make
a thick paste. With a case knife sep-
arate the soil and slip in a piece of lit-
mus paper and leave It about fifteen
minutes in this position, then remove
it and rinse off the dirt by dipping it
into clear water. If the blue color of
paper has disappeared and turned to
a reddish color, your soil can be im-
proved by the addition of lime.
---
Editor Fertilizer Department.
Please tell me the best time to apply
fertilizer to pineapples for fruit. (2)
What is the best fertilizer for bearing
peach, pear and apricot trees and
grape vines. (3)When is the best time
to apply? ,(4) How often can It be ap-
plied without injury? (5) What is the
beSt p B9rt.1n of p0taah, boneblack
and cotton seed meal for sweet po-
tatoes? P.
Avon Park.
(1) The proper time to commence
fertilizing for fruit is when the pine-
apple plants are put out. To make fine
fruit the question of fertilizer should
be considered from the start. If you
have not been. ifing A Well-tblance%
fertilizer, that Is, one containing at
least 7 to 10 per cent. of potash, this
should be applied as soon as possible.
As soon as the first indication of bloom
buds appear use a fertilizer that con-
tains not less than ten per cent. actual
potash with five percent or ammonia,
and six to seven per cent phosphoric
acid. (2) Peaches require a different
fertilizer from pears. Peaches require
plenty of ammonia as well as plenty of
potasn, wuiie the year waning but little
ammonia aid an abundance of potash,
therefore on the peaches, use Simon
Pure, No. 2, and on the pears use No.
I; AlIS"r 555 f. 1 BIM gaf- a.1- (2)
The best time for application is in
July and March. (4) Fertilizer can be
applied every month with the excep-
tion of the three winter months, with-
out Injury, if put onin small doses.
(5) For your combination of potash,
boneblack and cotton seed meal we
would suggest,
1000 pounds bright cotton seed meal,
600 pounds low grade potash.
400 pounds of bonablask,

Editor Fertiliser Department.
In you issue of the 22nd, you state
that the "issue of the 29th will contain
an article on Lettuce Culture." I have
one half acre shedded with cheese cloth
which I wish to set to lettuce and after
the lettuce is gathered, to take off a
-nopf oencumbers from the same piece.
The piece li entirely inelosed and coke
stoves will be used for heating, about
twenty stoves will be used that will
hold about one peck of coke each. Or-
lando parties assure me that the above
Is ample heating capacity. Have you
any thing to suggest? The points that
I wish to learn are, distance of setting
plants, ncltivation, size of crates used,
varieties popular in trade, and the time
that the best prices prevail.
In regard to cucumbers the same


points as above are those on which we
desire light. In regard to fertilizer, it
is our intention to use cotton seed meal
at the rate of about one and one half
tons to the acre, acid phosphate, 400
pounds, and high grade potash 300
pounds. One half of the cotton seed
neal to be applied about four weeks be-
fore the (rop s set. the other one half
to be ailppl!APl alter tile lettuce erop is
taken off and about 400 pounds per acre
of land plaster after each application
of cotton seed meal. With a small
amount of nitrate soda to force the let-
tuce well on. The land will be used
the next season for tobacco, conse-
quently do not want anything in the
way of blood. etc.
Will use city water for irrigation
and apply by open ditch. Will thank
you for any suggestion that you may
mnhr: 9i if, Iti 7,
Orange City.
I should not depend entirely on twen-
ty coke stoves for heating but have
other means for heating should they
not prove ample. The lettuce will stand
considerable more cold than the cucum-
bers. In fact you could undoubtedly
save your lettuce with about half that
number of stoves. Lettuce will stand
as low a temperature as 38 degrees.
For cucumbers the temperature should
never be allowed to go below 60 de-
grees to get the best results.
Twl ir tiivl on Lettuce Culture in laet
week's issue, answers your question in
regard to cultivation, etc. The best
prices for cucumbers are realized from
about the 15th of December to the 15th
of March, the White Spine being the
best market variety. They are usually
shipped in standard three peck vege-
table crates.
In fertilizing for lettuce you can use
nitrate soda to good advantage after
the plants have been set and started
to grow.. For cucumbers, however,
you should have all of your fertilizer
in the ground, and a little more, than
you expect to use, before the time of
planting. The ciiuiiimrfs SliUId W
made to "jump" from the time the blos-
soms appear till the cucumber is
large enough for market. The least
drawback for water or plant food
means an ill-shaped dwarfed cucumber.
For lettuce and cucumbers, we would
prefer to use mUriate of potash1, ut
as you expect to follow this crop with
tobacco, this might be objectionable, al-
though I believe all of the chlorine
would be eliminated from the potash
vieore the time or planting thie obicco.
a *
Behavior of Nttrogen.
The farmer frequently asks how
much nitrogen applied aa fertilizer be-
comes available to the Cr61, a que0tlo6e
that is difficult to answer satisfactorily
Since many points are yet to be prov-
en. It is safe to say, however, under
favorable conditions most of the fer-
tilizers when applied in natural doses
becomes available, says M. G. Kalns
in Farmers Review. Unfavorable con-
Sditions are drought, imperfect and too
rapid drainage. When drought pre-
vails the fertilizer does not become dis-
solved, and therefore cannot be ab-
sorbed by plant roots, since these take
up food in\the liquid form only; when
the soil is imperfectly drained nitrogen-
ous fertilizers, especially stable and
green manures, decay slowly on ac-
Scount of the lack of air and the slow
Temperature due to the excess of water
Sin the soil and pass into such forms of
* muck, which are insoluble and hence
I unavailable; when the soil is too thor-
oughly drained, is leechy or allows too
i frt, acmcs of jir. f rtfiCillaljl if tVil
t be warm, the nitrogenous compounds
I quickly form nitric acid, quickly com-
- bine with lime carbonate and other al-
* kalies in the soil, and with the first
Heavy rain are either carried down be-
Slow the reach of plant roots or are
; washed out of the soil entirely.
To counteract these losses and render
Sa larger part of the nitrogen available
to plants, keep the surface soil in loose
Condition provide efficient drainage up-


CATARRH OF THE PELVIC ORGANS,


The Reason Why So M


Mrs. Eliza Wike say: "I would be in
my grave now if it had not been for your
God-sent remedy, Pe-ru-na. Everybody
says I am looking so much better. No
doctor could help me as Pe-ru-na did. I
was a broken-down woman. It is now
seven years past that I was Oured."
Mrs. Sarah Gallits, of Luton, Ia, also
writes : "I was suffering with the change
of life. I had spells of flowing every
two or three weeks, which would leave
me nearly dead. I had given up hope of
being cured, when I heard of Dr. Hart-
ma' Fnratidiir ?4 ?rgmn to use them.
I am entirely cured, and give all the
credit to Pe-ru-na."
But comparatively few women who
are suffering with pelvic eatarrh know
that this is the case. Their trouble
Is called dyspepsia, heart trouble, female
weakness, weak lungs, nervous debility;
indeed, almost the whole category of
iieiria l O rm As a en sa applied to oa-
tarrh of some organ of the female
anatomy. If these women could only
realize that their trouble is probably a-


on heavy soils, apply the nitrogenous
fertilizers, especially nitrate of soda, in
small quantities often rather than in
larreo amounts seldom. The only fac-
ttor or imllrtitnc that counteracts lonC
by leeching and by drainage is capil-
larity; as the land dries the water in
the soil ascends, and as it evaporates
leaves the nitrogenous compounds be-
hind in the surface soil. It is for this
reason that the year following a pro-
tracted drought is usually favorable
to crop- Roond keeping the surface
loose and open tie tariner cannot read-
ily affect the action of capillarity.
0 &
Artificial Rubber from Corn.
The demands upon rubber are now so
extensive as to stimulate inventors to
Investigate wbiether nome liAiilli? 8it-
stance cannot be obtained from other
sources, and it is reported that at-*
tempts are being made to manufacture
an artificial rubber from the refuse ma-
;i'!;;l gf tes grease cautorlaa. which
amounts to about five per cent of the
raw material. It is said that the chem-
ists of a large glucose company have
been making experiments secretly In
this direction, and it is affirmed that
the ipodncut will soon be put upon the
market. The gum made from corn is
of an ordinary reddish-brown color; it
does not stand the heat so well as India
rubber, but it is believed that the chem-
isrs will succeed in effecting a remedy.
The oily substance in corn does not ox-
idize readily, and this will be an advan-
iane f6l' tlj neu w product, for articles
made from it will not readily crack. It
is the starchy and glutinous portions
of the kernel of corn which are used
for the manufacture of glucose and
starch.-Ex.
S- *
Britains Most Important Vegetable
If asked what was the most import-
(iit yi elr iin tlur hslatorT at Tritiri y.?ff
tables. most people would say tile
bringing over of the potato from its
home in America. They would be
wrong. The introduction of the turnip
-that is, of the Swedish variety-was
of much greater value. Until Britain
got the field turnip people had to live
during the winter chiefly on salted
meat. And severe winters were dread-
ed on account of the terrible mortality
among sheep, which were then left out


lany Women Are Sick.
tarrh of the organs peculiar to women o0
pelvic organs, and cure themselves with
Fs-as a, tsW massf aaeenusasUY s*afrs
ing would be saved.
Mrs. Karolina 8uter, 2138 Vine street
Cincinnati, 0, says: "Two years ago 1
fell on the ice. At first I did not think
that I had hurt myself; but several
months after I felt pains in the abdomen,
and a little later my menses failed to
appear. I wrote to you in regard to it,
hearing that you cured female troubles,
and followed your directions. I took
Pe-ru-na and Man-a-ln. I now have
the best of health.
Mrs. Marie Hanson, of Niebull, Wis.
writes: "About two years ago I had die
ease of the kid-
neys and womb.
I was in a weak,
nervous condi-
tion and began to
have dreadful
palpitation of the
heart. I was con-
fined to the bed.
I had given up
all hope of ever
being well again.
I commenced
taking Pe-ru-na. I found relief when I
had taken the first bottle. Now I have
takenseven bottles ofPe-ru-na. Ithank
you for your advice and I am glad I can
say that I am well now. 0
Dr. Hartman has written a book
especially for women. It treats of female
catarrh in all its different phases and
stages. It contains common sense talk
on subjects which should interest every
A book will be sent free to any woman
Address Dr. Hartman, Columbus, 0.


at pasture all through the cold weath-
er. The growing of swedes changed
all that by providing cheap and
wholesome food for the stock when
ei5ii5& op, WIplfi, liliA 0' Maiuy
other vegetables, came from Holland
about 1690.-London Leader.
*
The Boston Transcript tells of an
Episcopal church that is being sued
because is is not sufficiently "high
church." It seems that a certain per-
son left money to the church, with the
provision that the services should come
up to a certain standard of church-
manship. The minister has failed, it is
claimed, to get as much ritualism into
the service and the responses of his
flock as the money calls for.
1. 1
Cocoanut Grove, Fla.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonrille, Fla.
Dear sir:-When you were at my
place in May some of my trees looked
rather hard with yhat come called "dieo
back." You ought to 8s theii t-day,
I challenge the county to show health-
ier trees, therefore I shall continue the
use or "Simon Pure."
Yours respectfully,
C. E. Davis.
0
OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatmentt for VariscSlI
and stricture without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nevous Disorders, Kid-
ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
awa' 7s p etiae is more than double
that of any other speciallst. Case
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
cians, rapidly yield to his treatment.
Write him to-day fully about your case.
He makes no charge for consultation
or advice, either at his office or by
mall. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D. 25
Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.
*
Sharple's Cream Separators-Profit-
able Dairying.










540 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLORIDA AIGBICLTUBIST.

Entered at the postoffe at DeLand, Flor-
id, .o.nd *lu. matter.

E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.


Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.


Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiled with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
TERMS.
One year single ubscription.......... 00
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cope of this paper re olicite
we cannot promie to return rejected mann-
eat unle sstampwse enclosed.
Q B,-ISo ffor intended publication
must be accompanied with re ame, ame, a
srantee of ood faith. No anonymous con-
tributia wll e regarded.
Money should be meat by Draft, Postofice
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ter, otherwise the p tbhr will not be re-
podbl in ase of los. When personal
hed are used excbn must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cunot be had.
To insfre insertion, all advertisements for
Sa must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subribers when writing to have the ad-
de of their paper handed MUST give the
old as wall a the new address.

WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1900.

Pineapple Industry at Orlando.
Orlando might truly be called the
mother of the pineapple business under
sheds, for it was here that this busi-
ness has been developed and the differ-
ent sections of the state are now fol-
lowing in her footsteps and putting out
pineries of various sizes from a quarter
of an acre to five acres in extent. Or-
lando being the first in the field has
of course reaped the largest rewards
as her growers have had the pleasure
of furnishing slips to the other sections
which has brought to her a good many
thousands of dollars, and has been a
stimulus for the increased acreage.
The growers have made a careful study
of their business and so far have sur-
mounted every obstacle as they have
presented themselves and just now are
commencing to ship this year's crop of
fruit, that is, those who have allowed
their rrut to grmw thtoicd of lettian
their plants develop suckers.
On a trip there recently we were
greatly pleased at the condition of the
pineries and the fact that nearly every
one we saw talked of increasing the
size of their patches, which is a good
indication that they are more than sat-
isfied with the returns they are get-
ting.
We found Mr. C. B. Thornton busy
overhauling plants, but not too busy
to show us around his pinery. His
plants are certainly looking well and
,sisr.#ig Bwsa tnat e a relin 1fnt
beet attention to them. Mr. Thorafint
has not only covered his pineapples,
but is covering his grape fruit grove.
Between the rows of grape fruit trees
he is planting red Spanish pineapple
plants. We doubt the wisdom of this
method, owing to the fact that the kind
and quality of fertilizer that is re-
quired for pineapples is not the kind
that is best for grape fruit, but Mr.
Thornton seems to think that he will
be able to keep both in harmony so the
experiment will be of unusual inter-
est. Mr. Thorton has just recently cut
back his Peento peach grove to


540 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


seven feet high, as he expects to erect
a shed over it. His aim being to use
the shed finally for pineapples in case
the peaches do not turn out just as ex-
pected. The Peento peach, when well
grown and put on the market early,
has always brought a good price, and
should the shed furnish the desired pro-
tection and not prevent the fruit from
setting, his peach orchard ought to
bring him in as good returns as his
pineapple patch. This, however, is an-
other experiment that will be watched
with unusual interest. The Satsuma
grove in front of the house, which is
now two years old, is certainly a
beauty and so far has got along with-
out any protecting cover, and contains
a considerable sprinkling of fruit. Mr.
Thornton thinks that he can make this
Satsuma grove without any protection
whatever except banking. Last win-
ter was unusually severe, but he was
able to save nearly all of last year's
growth.
We found Mr. Geo. I. Russell busy
setting out new pineries and looking
forward to preparation for winter pro-
tection. He is putting in a steam boiler
for the purpose of heating his pineries
by steam. The steam pipes to be run
over the bed just under the cover. The
idea being that in the cold weather the
steam will be circulated and warm the
pinery and in dry weather the steam
pipes can be used for irrigation. This
experiment will also be watched with
great interest. Mr. Russell is probab-
ly putting out more pineries than any
other man or company.
Mr. Martin E. Thew we found busy
applying fertilizer to his pineries,
which had every appearance of being
well cared for and the promise of a
good crop. Mr. Thew is figuring on
overhead protection from cold with
cloth, which seems to be the universal
plan for positive protection. Mr. Rus-
sell across from Mr. Thew's, can boast
also of a well kept pinery. Connecti-
cut seems to be pretty well represent-
ed in the Dinery business at Orlando.
Mr. Thew, Mr. Russell, Mr. Johnson,
all hail from Connecticut Then comes
Mr. Z. E. Dowd, who has a young pin-
ery in good condition, in fact all of the
Connecticut pineries seem to put forth
every sign of good care and plenty of
fertilizing.
For some time, we have heard praises
of the Little Gem pinery but never
roullztl tlie full moaningK 9 it till w
walked down between the beds and
noted the healthy vigorous growth of
the plants, the size of the blooms that
were showing, and saw and tasted the
delicious apples that the plants pro-
duced. Mr. T. I. Arnold,who is gen-
eral manager and superintends the en-
tire work of the pinery, showed us the
difference between fertilizing for fruit
and for plants. Where the proper fruit
fertilizer had been applied, the apples
were heavy, juicy and of tender pulp,
and sweet enough to eat out of hand
wirtaas zepQ while the same varie-
ties or apples rertiiied for liisaiir
were not as tender, did not contain as
much juice and were quite sour. Mr.
Arnold can well feel proud of his show-
ing of plants and fruit.
At the Stevens pinery we found them
busy shipping the apples. There is
nothing that so completely destroys the
beauty of a pinery as to take off its
fruit. The bed not only suffers the loss
of the beautifying appearance of its
fruit, but the leaves turn down and
look as if they were mashed but as we
cannot have our pie and eat it too, we
must think only of what the plants


were that produced the crop of fruit
being shipped. The abundant crop of
suckers and the healthy condition of
the growing plants, showed that tile
pinery was not neglected either for
work or fertilizer.
Mr. H. P. Cheneworth is behind his
neighbors only in length of time he has
been in the business. His young pinery
is a picture of health, vigor, and thrift-
iness, showing that Mr. Cheneworth be-
lieves that what is worth doing is
worth doing well.
At Modello Park, we found Mr. Van
Houton busy looking after the needs
of his pinery. Mr. Van Houton has
the reputation of having the best pine-
apples plants now of any one about
Orlando. The pinery is certainly look-
ing remarkably fine and the plants are
strong and vigorous, and if the plants
are a true indication of what the frit
will be, Mr. Van Houton will reap an
abundant harvest. While Mr. Van
Houton's pinery is the largest, we
think it would have to take the
"toss of a penny" to tell whether the
plants look finer than those of the Lit-
tle Gem pinery or not. Mr. Van Hout-
on surprised us by stating that his
pineapple shed was then ten years old,
and to all appearances is good for five
years more. There has been consider-
able speculation as to the length of
time a pineapple shed would last but
this would seem to indicate that at
least twelve or fifteen years can be fig-
ured on with perfect safety, with a lit-
tle repairing occasionally.
Among the new pineries just started
we visited that of Messrs Pepper and
Meisterman, who have recently en-
tered the pineapple business, having
moved from New York and now mak-
ing Orlando their home. Mr. Per.per
believes in doing well whatever he un-
dertakes, and therefore has spared
neither pains nor money to make his
pinery first-class in every respect. The
plants that have been recently set are
doing nicely and if the same care and
attention are given, during the next
twelve or eighteen months that has
been given so far, we see no reason
why they should not have one of the
best pineries at Orlando.
Mr. Jerome Palmer, one of Orlando's
enterprising liverymen has also a pin-
ery of considerable extent. He is forc-
ing his old plants to grow suckers with
which to extend his planting. Mr. Pal-
mer did not Dut extra cover on his pin-
ery last winter, therefore his plants
are not as large as some others that we
visited, but he seems to think that the
benefit of over head protection does
not warrant the expense when only
suckers are wanted. This might an-
swer where only plants are to be raised
but if fruit is taken into consideration,
overhead protection seems to be the
only proper solution. We are person-
ally indebted to Mr. Palmer for his
kindness in piloting us around in the
different pineries, thus making our vis-
it not only more pleasant, but saving
Higif is Eena riuI mace iu uiiace. as
he is thoroughly acquainted with every
road and by-path in and around Or-
lando. A more accommodating and
genial liveryman could scarcely exist.
The pinery business has been a great
source of wealth and business to Or-
lando. It is bringing in new settlers,
new capital, and those that are in the
business are doing well, so that the
general condition is that of prosperity,
in fact Orlando now has all the airs
of "before the freeze" time.
Nothing venture nothing ga
Nothing ventured, nothing gained.


Registering Brands.
Cattle business in Florida is devel-
oping rapidly and there will be more
attention paid to the improvement of
the breeds hereafter than there has
been in the past. In the colure of a
few years our scrub cattle will gradu-
ally play out and improved breeds will
be built up by the introduction of im-
proved stock and pasture grasses
which will enable the improved stock
to secure the desired nourishment for
its full development. It is a well known
fact that the improved breeds are not
able to exist on our pastures during the
three months of winter, when there is
nothing but wire grass on them. This
probably more than anything else has
kept back the introduction of improved
breeds.
Every stock raiser during the past,
and it is likely will always be the case,
has had more or less trouble with loss
of cattle, sometimes stolen, but more
frequently by straying. The strays
may appear on pastures fifty or a hun-
dred miles from home. The brand may
not be know to the person discovering
same, and consequently the strange an-
imal is not returned to its rightful own-
er. If the cattlemen would practice ad-
vertising their brands in some one pa-
per, they would frequently furnish the
means of finding stray animals. Their
brands would become so well known
that any one seeing a stray animal
could notify the owner where it could
be found. This idea was suggested to
us by a gentleman who has recently
gone into sheep and stock raising, and
he believes that if the advertising of
brands was generally adopted it would
save the owners of cattle many valu-
able animals, aside from the loss of
time in hunting them. If the cattle-
men will take this matter up, they can
soon have their marks and brands so
thoroughly advertised that their stock
will be as readily recognized miles
from home as within their owners pas-
tures and the cost need not exceed $10
a year.
9*'
Quick returns.
The pineapple business in Florida at
present is attracting more attention
than ever before and the state is be-
coming widely known as a producer of
the finest pineapples known to the
trade. As to the length of time re.
quired to fruit the pineapple, there is
considerable diversion of opinion, but
It Is bxsld In a Terr lnrr mranuro on
the time of setting, the season, and the
care given the plants when set. The
following item from the Ft. Myers
Press, shows where fruit has been ob-
tained in one year's time. We have
seen a number of other instances of
quick fruiting, but pineapples in twelve
months is the exception rather than the
rule.
"Just a year ago this month Mr. Jaa.
Mott planted a small pineapple patch
on the Dr. Washburn place in the
south part of town, and now he is sell-
ing fine, large, fully matured fruit
ftom thigh natoh- TTsnally e ihteen
maHssRs f a iuw(-i4Ua to ui HUi IIUDaisea
into bearing but Mr. Mott has shown
that he knows a thing or two about
pineapple culture by producing fruit in
twelve months. He presented this of-
fice with a fine sample of the Smooth
Cayenne, weighing over four pounds,
which was found to be of excellent
quality. He has this patch shedded.
The posts are set 10x14 feet apart and
the beds are nine feet in width, with
a five-toot path between beds. Plants
are set out in rows twenty inches
apart, the rows being eighteen inches
apart, with seven rows to a bed. Be-
sides the Smooth Cayenne, Black
Spanish and other well known vari,
eties, he has some novelties, one of







-I


these being the Amella, a wild pine
from Brail. Its pecularlty is that
whe nearly ready to blossom the en-
tire plant turns a bright crimson and
the apple is also the same color. He a]-
so has the varegated Smooth Cayenne
the leaves being striped red white and
green, the crown on the apple being the
same color as the leaves. Other vari-
eties are the Rothschild, Porto Rico,
and Abbaka. Mr. Mott believes in
the Smooth Cayenne for a money mak-
er and will discard all other varieties
for a market fruit."

ANJTWBBS TO o00 LePosNaamrDs .
This department is dec ted to answering
mac questions as may be ased by our sub
which may be of general informa-
tion. 6quirw e of personal character that
require aswerby mal should always have
*trmps adosd. -
Editor PFlor4a Agricltwrist:
Can you inform me whether the real
Smyrna fig is grown in California or
Florida? S. T. F.
Philadelphia.
Smyrna figs have been tried both in
Florida and in California, but so far
without success. The department of
Agriculture, however, has introduced
into California, a species of insects that
is a native of Smyrna. If the insect can
be established in California it is believ-
ed that the successful polination of the
Smyrna fig will follow, and of course
crops will result.
&wr Pflorft4 AgfriWtur-tt.I
I am troubled with black ants. They
make mounds of earth on my yard and
lawn. They burrow in the ground and
build up mounds and kill the grass.
They are a pest, I have poured
on the mounds kerosene oil, hot and
cold water, and they will burrow right
around the old mound and start a new
one. What remedy Is there for them.
and how I can get rid of them. U. C.
The quickest way to kill out the ants
is to take a stick or iron and make sev-
eral holes into their mounds. In these
holes, pour a half tablespoonful of bi-
sulphide of carbon. Then explode the
carbon by throwing on it a ball of ig-
nited paper being careful not to
breath any gas resulting from the ex-
plosion. One or two applications of this
sort will usually kill them out com-
pletely. Sometimes the carbon poured
Into their holes and runs will drive
them out, as the gas that it generates


is heavy and settles in the crevices and
runs made by the ants.
A trap can be made to catch the ants
by taking a wide mouthed bottle and
putting some lard in the bottom and
burying it, mouth up, close to their
hole. The ants will be drawn to the
bottle for the lard and will be unable
to get out again.


I


THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail
postpaid for 25o per dosen. Good esied
plant ready now. W, 6, PRP TON,


carbolic acid has been added, a tea-
apoonful of acid to a bucket of water.
This will make a germicide and kill
out all of the disease germs. In a short
time, new bark will commence to cover
the old wood. The leaves turning yel-
low are caused by the diseased spots
cutting off the flow of sap to that par-
ticular branch. When you fertilize
your trees, spread it broadcast but do
not plow or disturb the roots of the
tree. If grass and weeds grow, mow
them down and let them lie on the
ground as a mulch. There have been
a great many remedies tried for the
root rot, but the above has given the
best results of anything that we know
of.

Editor Florida Agriculturist.
I have been referred to you as to
what damage the red spider does to or-
ange trees, and the best remedy for Its
riddance. Any information that you
can give me on the above subject will
be very highly appreciated. A. B. C.
Ft. Mead.
The red spider ls a a p aucking in
sect, therefore takes away from the
tree its means of nourishment. They
do the most damage during the dry
weather. Continuous rain seems to dis-
lodge them from the leaves. They us-
ually disappear during the rainy sea-
son. They can be killed with a sul-
phur solution or a kerosene oil emul-
sion.
Weirsdale, Fla., Feb. 28th, 1900
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-My neighbor wanted
some fertilizer, I recommended your
house as I had good results with your
goods last year.
Edward Stafford.

CHEAP COLUMN
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 2 cents; three weeks a cents.
FOR SALB-Nursery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
Mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tangr-
inca. Box 271. Orlando, Pla. 3,t
SAI/r ICK. Oured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. MfCnn, Man-
vile, Fla. 110xis-100.
AN experienced working house keeer may
find employment and good home with Mrs.
Shimer, corner of Minnesota & Clara Ayes.
DeLand, Fla. 36x38
WANTED-Man used to live stock and
handy with tools. Woman to cook and do
housework. Man and Wife preferred.
G. L. TABER, Glen St. Mary, Pa. 36-37
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale--Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. TAS.
MOTT, Fort Myers, Fla. 31tf


Ammoniates:
SULPHATE AMMONIA,
NITRATE SODA.
DRIED BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BONE,
TANKAGE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
CASTOR POMACE,
Potashes:
MURIATE POTASH,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
KAINIT,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
Phosphoric Acids.
DISSOLVED BONE,
ACID PHOSPHATE,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,


Miscellaneous:
SALT,
LIME,
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS,
BLUE STONE,
LAND PLASTER,
CAUSTIC POTASH,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
'GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON,
OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen-
erally.
Tobacco Materials:
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO.
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COURSE GROUND TOBACCO,
All guaranteed unleached and to con-
tain all their fertilizing and insecticide
properties.


WRITE FOR PRICES AND DISCOUNTS TO

E. 0. Painter & Co., = Jacksonville, Fla.


^ ^es^T^ P


AAuburndale. Fia. 15-tf
Editor Florida g tourist. VILA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
A few days ago I discovered some- Park, Lake cWty Fim oser 3for July
thing in our grove that looks very much plantuna. I s o oc and year
citrus buds. For good Stock and low
like foot rot. I can't tell for certain prices, address C. W. FOX. Prop. 1t.f.
what it is, but though I would write
to young relative to the matter. We have ORANGE, POMELO AND LEMON TREES--
to yo relative to te matter Weave our r trifoliata stocks, tor summer
two or three trees with yellow striped landfall shipment. Large assortment fne
leaves in the top, and one which has ts. rite fr prices GLBN T. MAR W ATCHES
the foot rot, or rather the bark near the NURSERIES, G. L. Taber, Proprietor, Glen
base Is dead in some places and the t. May F.
roots are the same where they happen .FOR SALE--100 cas. Eight acres of
to be out of the ground-is nearly all high pine land near DelAnd Junation;
be o o grou nearly 5 acres cleared, three acres of which are
yellow. W. E. B. in grove, the balance of the tract is i
Thonotossassa. timber. Small house and a well on the
place. Address T. M. I., care Agrical-
Your letter answers the description tourist, DeLand, En. ty
of foot rot. The bark at the collar and WE HAVE complete lit American man-
on the crown root cracks open and a utacturers. Can buy for you at lowest
dark brown sap exudes. This disease prices and hip you direct from each a
ones. Ts sese Machinery, machines of all nds, en- Premium Offer No 1. y on sending
is confined almost entirely to sweet gines, boilers. ncubators, Mwdmilln, or $200 nill r ng us an open-e, S and
anything wanted. Correspondence o- and stem-set watch, guaranteed by the mn ,tftres for one year. Those who choo
sar ln The crown root of the tree cksonvle, I TRD. the watch are not entitled to an opportunity to secure a Ton of Featili or $2. Send in
bota tor ghteen inches below YOUR OWN BSS- your subcripions at oace o THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURST, Jacksonvill Fa.
the surface, exposing the crown roots. every week, ra n or shine, manufac-
With a sharp knife, cut way all of the turn and el GARNE-makPremiume it inNo. 2
your own home. Fity percent cheaper thanemium
dieased bark back into the healthy augr. One drop sweetens cup te o coffee.Fo newu. 2
Sest n every household. We wlU mail ~.o SFor one new 1s2i!tb at $20 the n
live bark, and serape off all of the coag- this formula a d other valuable information can select $.50woth of d the an
uated sap from the exposed wood. Af- on receipt of 10e silver. Buy no more sugar
but write today, go to work and mak good Catalogue of Griffin Bros,J/ackft
ter this s been done, thoroughly wages at home. No license. No tax. Ad- Fa which will be ent FREE Thge tinged e not enttled to a Ton of Fil-
ah the ore with hot water to which La P, t LSULYC3for $2r Send name to THE FLORIIDAAGRICULTURIST, Jacksonvil, ,FP


~v rrrur~~uvuiu


Simon Pure


FERTILIZERS
ARE-


Time-Tried
-AND-


Crop-Tested!

Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the

GROVE, GARDEN & FIELD.
If you are raising Tomatoes, Egg-plants, Celery, Strawbies, Lettuce or
Cabbage, we can supply you a fertilize made especially for thm, that has
been thoroughly tested
OurSima PwNo. I has the obt fruit prodvUing raeord of any fcrtil-
ier sold in the State. We have had 22 years practical experience and
have spent more time and money in crop ,p t-rAnting than all the manu-
factures in the State.
Beside Special Brands for Special Cops we carry in stoc all kinds of

Fertilizing Materials and Chemicals.
We were the first dealers to put the different fertlizing materials within the
reach of grower, a fact they should bear In mind when ordering. We offer


THW FTLOTRIA AGRTCTTTUTLTRTST.


!


F










542 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

pOULTP3 D ,IA 1 OW EWAMT- appearsfromwhat can be ascertainedANT YSTE
All eommuncaion or enqulri for this together with a drake. arrived in P LA NT SY STEfI,
department should be addressed to England somewhere about 1850, and .
were imported by a sea captain, who
FLOIDA AGRI TUIST, had brought them with him from India. The Great Througn Car Line From Florida.
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville, Fla. These he gave to some friends, who
bred them. The same gentleman
~ _ais i w irid. brought a few years later some more CONNECTIONS.
T h the }am iaa emG I DN is A I i!'-
There is probably no disease that i' ble that all of the present day stock
moire troublesome to the Florida poul- are directly or indirectly related to
try raiser In summer than sorehead in these. It was not, however, until 1895 THE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, via Charleston
fowls, yet this can be prevented in a thatany attempt oeot TO Th ichond ad Washington.
great measure, if proper precautions clerks adopted the breed and once THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co-
are taken to keep the young chicks free its good qualities were 'fully known it R
from fleas, as it is due almost entirely rose quickly into favor, and will prob- lumbia and Washington.
to fleas and mosquitoes that the chick- ably become more and more common via & l ga
as its excellent utility qualities are --
ens are troubled with this disease. If realized. The great characteristics of TTThe Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattai ',
their heads are greased occasionally these ducks is their extraordinaryville & e via me
Xviih fiiA t n P i r Ral ..a. p2mn,,) O other brods of The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
carbolic acid have been added,-the fleas uwn Tt mauTtr vxrp it, [ Ffl- g g 4aumal Rl
carbolic acid have been added, the fle the course of one year as will Indian The obile Ohio R. via ontgomery.
and mosquitoes will not trouble them. Runners. It s no unusual occurrence The Mobile & Ohio R. R via Montgomery.
We had two lots of chickens this for these birds to lay all through the
year, one lot was raised about the winter, and they do not seem to be
the least affected by the weather, as Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for New
house and were kept free from fleas, they continue their laying through the York, Philadelphia and Boston.
and were allowed to roost under a most stormy and also the coldest per- To The i
scuppernong grape vine. This lot was iods.
not troubled with the sorehead. The These birds are largely kept by those Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transports.
ot troubled with the sorehead. The who have a good demand for duck eggs tion Company for Baltimore.
other lot had the run of the barn lot for culinary purposes. The eggs are va tm i Comp r
and no attention paid them to protect much larger than ordinary hen's eggs.
them from fleas. The result was but as some prefer duck eggs to hen To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR OC ID NTAL
nearly all of them had sorehead. Chickeggs there is generally a good trade K W. i NL &I A
nearly all of them had sorehead. Chic- n these. Indian Runners are small AND
ens cannot be raised without care and ducks, hence they are not very suitable HAVkNA STEA nSHIP CO.
attention any more than can fine stock. for market purposes. Their flesh, how-AVA
ever, is of exceedingly good quality, be- NOVA SCOTIA,
Indigetion. ing excellent in flavor, but they do notVia Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
This Is a disease quite common lend themselves readily to fattening. CAPE BRETON& STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkeebury
among fowls. Even the most skillful When one is rearing these ducks for PRINCE EDWAMDS ad lotto
poultry raiser is liable to get it in his home consumption this breed answers and Charlottestown.
flok by ome little noeleet on the nart the purpose admirably, as the small ISLAND....
nevertheless, half of some flocks suc- usual weight of an Indian Runner, al-
cumb to the fatal touch. Its symptoms though they are small birds is about Summ er Excursion Tickets
are similar to cholera, and it is often four pounds. They are fine in bone and
called such, yet there is a wide differ- usually have a good breast. The duck- to all Bummer Resort will b placed on sale Beptember 80th.
ence. While indigestion is not cota- lings are exceedingly hardy and easy
glous, cholera is; while Indigestion is to rear. They grow rapidly and attain The PLANT SYSTEM is t"he y Urn m flridw with Thronh Sk@ sc
slow in Its work, cholera Is quick. Chol- maturity in about ten or twelve weeks F -- 4Srv ta te SummerRe rts
era does its deadly work in a few old. They will thrive well on any kind WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA and
hours, while indigestion may take a of soil and can be allowed their liberty. T MOUNTAINS OF VIRINIA
week or more. Indian Runners never thrive well nor THE MOUNTAINS OF VIRGINIA.
The best symptom of this disease is do the ducklings grow rapidly if they
the nature of the droppings, which are kept in confinement. They are ex- information to rate, sleep c ar erv re tio et te to
are usually quite soft and are passed cellent foragers, and when free will ob- Information as to rates, sleeping-c ar services reservation, etc., write to
often. The comb turns pale and the tain for themselves almost sufficient F. M. JOLLY. Div sion Passenger Agent.
fowl eats but little. It acts as if it food. A great point in favor of this 188 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jackonville, Florida
were entirely worn out. It mopes about breed is that they do almost as well DENHAM B. W. WRENN,
gradually getting weaker and eating without water for swimming. This W. Pass. TraBff. Mng'r,
less, until it dies, or is cured. Hens cannot be said for some other breeds Gen. Supt. Pa. T c
that are fat and have a limited range of ducks, hence when one has no pond SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
get this disease quite often, but before or stream to which the ducks may have
it is over they are very poor. access this is a great recommendation.
There are several causes for this an- In color Indian Runners are fawn on
noying disease. Hens that are too fat the breast and back, and white on the
and are over fed will get it readily, wings. The markings are green black JOC AN STEAM SHIP COe
Lack of exercise is one great cause, on the top of the head, and on each
=iS i ;gp fR ssn, a too mnnl Iof ti ; Sa i of the oheekr: in the females it is
same kind of fopd is also the cause of brown almost bliae. Tne uraKes have
a great deal of it. Lack of grit even yellow beaks, bordering sometimes on
may cause it, also lack of good pure green, whilst those of the ducks are
water. always green. Their style and carri-
The first preventative is not to allow age is lively and alert, and the head is
any of the.causes to occur. Keep the carried very high.-Mirror and Farmer.
fowls exercising. feed a variety, give
plenty of grit and water, and do not WeSterl Poultry Farm,
feed to much and you will not be liable MARSALL, MO.
to get the disease in your flock. Use
plenty of disinfectant such as air-slack- 4 months on trial 10e. One yr. 25c.
ed lime, carbolic acid water, whitewash It tells how to ke poultry rasling
and the like. If you find the disease profitable. It is up to' date. 24 pages.
and the like. If you find the disease send to day. We sel best liquid lice kill- .
is in your flock begin at once to find the er for 7 cta per gallon. Aluminum leg
cause and remove it before very many bands tor poultry 1 dos., 20 ots; 25 for 30 -
of the birds get sick. t: 50 for 50 ct; 100 orSAVANNAH LINE"
The best cure we have ever tried was SNROUND ONEYS.
a tea made from white oak bark. This ENSI TER SELLS. Y LAND AND S
is a medicine that many of our most
skillful physicians use to treat human To properly digest its food the fowl J L
beings, and It Is equally good for the must have grit. What teeth are to the
birds. Make a strong tea and put halt human being grit is to the fowl. We
a pint in a gallon of the drinking water. can now furnish ground oyster shells, FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
The fowls that are affected should from freshly opened oysters, from
have a tablespoonful of the strong which all the dust and dirt has been F
tea poured down them if they will not screened, to supply this grit which is
drink it. Try the remedy and let us lacking in nearly all parts of Florida. LORIDA TO NEA Y
know how it succeeds in your flock.- Goods very inferior to ours and full F L W YOw R
Journal of Agriculture. of dust has been selling for $1.00 to BOST N AN EA
*$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now BOSTON AND E- AST.
Indian Runner Ducks. offer it at
This is a breed that is new to many, 100 lb bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
but during recent years it has made Help your fowls by giving them SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
great progress, and there is little doubt plenty of clean grit Thence T r ralatial llasp tas.hi e*hipg, sai frosvan 9I.r ships ech eek
but that in the course of a few years E. O. PAINTER & Co., tacksonvllle, to New York and making close connection with New Yors-Boaton slps or bound =m
it will, for certain purposes, and in cer- Fla. All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write
tain places, be very popular. The ori- Manufacturers of High Grade Fer- for general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
gin of this breed seems to be almost tilizers and dealers in all kinds of Fer- E. H. M. TON. Tramre Msr., WALT B HAWEBaBls, Sem. Agi
entirely wrapped up in mystery, but it tilizing Materials. 8avaunah,_Ga. 22j1W. Bay St., Jacksonville. la












THE LORIA AGICULURIS. 54


hWL MIDU WAmkaKXNT.
BY W. 0. STBdLB,,
SWITZERLAND. FLORIDA

Questions.
The lately established department of
answers to correspondents seems to
meet a "long felt want." Are not most
of the readers of this page sufficiently
interested in floriculture to ask ques-
tions? It so, we shall be glad to hear
from you.
We do not claim to be a walking en-
cyclopedia of floral knowledge. But we
have facilities for getting much infor-
mation which we will gladly use for
the benefit of our readers. Many are
doubtless growing plants without
names. We will name specimens sent
1 t6 Uo- o fai no iiulbfi ,I lii S M f ---
tive plants, specimens should include
not only flowers and leaves but also,
if possible, seeds in the original ves-
sel just as they grew. Specimens of
flower should be prermd and dried or
packed in small stout boxes with a lit-
tle damp moss about the stems.
*
Althem.
Elsewhere we publish a contribution
on this subject. It was touched upon
once or twice last year. But there is lit-
tle danger of recommending them too
much or too highly. They are perfect-
ly hardy and in this have a great ad-
vantage over the Chinese varieties of
Hibiscus. They do not offer as great
a variety of coloring but very few have
more than two or three varieties of Hi-
biecue and a good selection of double
Altheas would probably give equal sat-
isfaction and have the advantage of
not freezing to the ground every cold
winter.
So far as we know there is no double
white Chinese Hibiscus, but the double
white Althea is very showy. It flowers
almost continuously throughout the
season.
*
A tanmge break.
Probably our readers are aware that
florists are continually trying to pro-
duce new varieties of flowers and or-
namental plants.
Many species vary 'greatly when
grown from seed; thousands of seed-
lings are grown each year. Usually
not one out of a hundred, often not
one out of a thousand proves to be suf-
ficiently distinct and desirable to be
B FlBftylL an d a large minority or
them are destroyed as soon as they
show their characteristics suficietnly
to judge of their value.
*A much more successful method is
by cross-fertilizing two varieties. This
if skillfully done is much more likely to
* produce satisfactory results. Still there
is a great element of uncertainty even
by this plan and thousands of such
ovdiSgsa n gpown onVomen year only to
be destroyed as not worthy of propaga-
tion.
,Last year we made some experi-
ments in cross fertilization and the re-
sult of one was so curious that we be-
lieve an account of it will interest our
readers.
Most of you are familiar with the
Cypress vine. Ipomaea Quamoclit, the
varieties grown are the white and
the scarlet. There is also a rose color-
ed variety offered by seedmen but it
is seldom seen in cultivation. These
three varieties are all that are known
to the trade.
We began our experiments with the
hope that we might be able to produce
a t llRttal d altipmd ifowar. Tliw
flowers of the Cypres vine open before


daylight in the morning and are self-
fertilized by wind or bees soon after
they open. To ensure cross-fertilization
we opened the buds on a scarlet flow-
ered vine in the evening, removed the
stamens and applied the pollen front
pure white flowers to the pistils and
covered with waxed paper so that the
flower could open in the morning but
no insect could gain access to carry
any pollen from other scarlet flowers.
This was done a number of different
times. These blooms set seed In every
case, though often only one or two in-
stead of the usual number which is al-
ways four.
These seed were planted in pots, in
a box, early in the season and at the
proper time transplanted into the open
gr sol nlo UrotF ry F;h soil. We made
a mistake in setting too close, about
three feet apart. There were sixteen
plants, as soon as they began to climb,
a stout pole ten feet high was set to
each T'iin, Now toh row ornm an tl-
most solid wall about ten feet high and
over forty feet long. When they blos-
somed they proved to be not like
either parent, the five main ribs of each
flower are scarlet, but the web between
is much lighter in color being pink or
rose color, but all so much alike that
they might all have come from one
seed.
So far there is nothing strange, it is
all what might happen in any lot of
seedlings. You will remember that we
said we opened the buds before they
were ready to do so naturally. We did
thin by slittingi down one ide with a
pin. Of course when the bud opened
the next morning it made an imperfect
flower being open nearly the whole
length on one side. The strange circum-
stance about this lot of seedlings is
that each one reproduces that imper-
fection or in other words almost every
flower is open down one side as if slit
with a knife. Every morning there
are miny hundreds of blossoms on this
hedge yet often there is not one per-
fect bloom to be found. Occasionally
a perfect flower is found usually not
more than three or four in one day un-
til this morning, August 22, we counted
on the sixteen vines over 20 perfect
flowers. Possibly they will improve as
the vines grow older.
August 23. The above was written
yesterday, this morning there are not
so many flowers as usual, yet we count-
ed over one hundred and twenty-five
perfect blossoms. Evidently the blooms
are coming more perfect as the vines
grow oldu.
C
Althea--ose of Sharon.
Editor Floral Department.
Having long known this desirable
shrub with its large, showy blossoms.
I have felt that many choice Florida
landscapes could be greatly beautified
by its introduction. The kind with
which I am most familiar in this state
is one bearing single purple flowers
withll illnlllBi Fitt1I andd hna a dinnio-
ter of four or five inches. It blooms pro-
fusely for several months in the year,
and is never killed by the cold in win-
ter. It can be easily grown from cut-
tings, as my experience has amply
proved as of those I thus started
I obtained seven plants from eight
cuttings. In the operation I was im-
pressed with the idea that what is
worth doing at all is worth doing well.
For a situation I chose a piece of ham-
mock land with a heavy, mosist seul9o
and press the ground firmly around
their lower extremities, and leveled up
around them. I covered the surface soil
with Spanish moss, stuck down a saw-
palmetto leaf on the south side of each
one, and pulled up the weeds from
around them as they made their ap-
pearance, and frequently stirred the
ground with a hoe. As there is quite
an assortment mentioned in various
tanlhlgurB, it IA IltlAl'ly VI !!i tIln!!i
they might be formed into tasty groups


that would add greatly to the beauty
and attractiveness of the landscape,
Iand add but little expense. Altheas
thrive in a moderately rich soil. and
with but a moderate amount of labor
employed in their cultivation, which
are points that add greatly to their de-
sirability. M.
*
Japan Iris from Seed.
So far as we know all varieties of
Iris do well in Florida. We cannot
vouch for the Spanish Iris, the varie-
ty wtli Knt:ill roundl Ibulbsi Bt (f l hr
Iris family the Japan varieties, Iris
Kaempferi, are the most desirable. The
following from Success with Flowers
shows how plants of those may be ob-
tained very cheaply. Plants are quot-
ed at from 15 to 25 cents each, a ten
cent packet of seed ought to give a doz-
en or more plants.
"In the June issue of Success I see
an inquiry about Iris Kaempferi from
seed. I would like to give my experi-
ence, which has been satisfactory, if
y'o oan ueit it In the SDring of 1I)7
I sent to one of our prominent seed
firms for a packet of Iris Kaempferi
seed, which when received, was plant-
ed in a hot bed, kept moist, and seven
plants soon appeared. When they were
about six inches high they were plant-
ed out in a bed and given plenty of
water all summer; they made a good
growth by fall, and were given winter
protection of leaves.
In the spring of 1898 they made a
good growth, and in summer they
bloomed. I watched each bud as it
unfolded and was much pleased with
the delicacy of coloring, blue and
white, blue mottled and purple. I al-
lowed some seed to form, and saved
it for the next season. Every flower
imas single. In the spring of 1800 I
sowed the seed in hot-bed, and every
one must have grown, as there were
over a hundred thrifty plants which
stood transplanting well to the garden
where the soil is most. also where they
were easily reached with the hose,
which was used freely and how they
did grow! They were three feet high
when frost came. This spring, 1900,
the young plants made growth ahead
of the older plants and are still ahead.
About June 15 they commenced to
(limi A1S knRs tanon sm -evSa a urth
flowers ever since, and more buds to
open. This year there are many com-
binations that did not appear last year
pure white, white and blue, white and
lavender, white and purple to dark
blue and purple: each was single-flow-
ered and make good blooms for cut-
ting; stems were long and stiff and
buds would open after being cut and
look as fresh as the first. The bed has
attracted much attention, as the flow-
ers were new to almost everybody who
saw them, and much admired by all
for thi blamtirf! oS?? rn.a dliunto
towers. I sail allow some seed iu
form this year and try again next year,
as I feel that they have repaid me for
all the time and trouble.
"I grew flowers for the pleasure of
having them and not as a business. I
have now in bloom some Carnations
from seed that are the best I ever had.
and have also planted nearly 3000
blooming bulbs of Gladiolus and five
times as many small bulbs and bulblets
for increase stock, which look good and
are Kruow|i nl lu

To Keep Flowers and Cuttings Fresh.
The following from Vick's Magazine,
may be of interest to our readers.
When collecting wild plants, botanists
always use a tight tin box. In these
boxes with a little damp moss flowers
will keep two or three days.
"Flowere, IGavNs, auttings, slip, root-
ed or not, anything that will go into a
fruit jar, may be preserved and carried
thus very nicely. Put a little water in
the jar, drop in the plants, screw down
the cover, and the most delicate wood-
land flower will keep perfectly fresh
and bright through the longest and hot-
test day, and much longer; I do not
know how long. When you go out to
look up wildwood flowers or start out
Ia Io!!nluig1 u!ipu uit Ii riu 'lnil, 1 a I!im
jar Is what is needed to carry them."


Women as Well as Men

Are Made Miserable by

Kidney Trouble.

Kidney trouble preys upon the mind, dis-
courages and lessens ambition; beauty, vigor
and cheerfulness soon
disappear when the kid-
neys are out of order
or diseased.
Kidney trouble has
become so prevalent
that it is not uncommon
for a child to be born
afflicted with weak kid-
neys. If the child urin-
ates too often, if the
urine scalds the flesh or if, when the child
reaches an age when it should be able to
control the passage, it is yet afflicted with
bed-wetting, depend upon it, the cause of
tl( difflcultr to kidney trouble. and the frIs
step should be towards the treatment of
these important organs. This unpleasant
trouble is due to a diseased condition of the
kidneys and bladder and not to a habit as
most people suppose.
Women as well as men are made mis-
oibhia I1UH Y 1 and1i 111 111w trsubi,
and both need the same great remedy.
The mild and the immediate effect of
Swamp-Root is soon realized. It is sold
by druggists, in fity-
cent and one dollar
sizes Yoh may have a
sample bottle by mail
free, also pamphlet tell- Hae on m awmps oo
ing all about it, including many of the
thousands of testimonial letters received
from sufferers cured. In writing Dr. Kilmer
& Co., Binghamton, N. Y., be sure and
metmlie thi o per.
Splendid stock of Citrus trees on
rough lemon roots, and also on sour or-
ja ange and trifoliata.
s dEnormous collection
S' and stock of other
i/ V lt trees, Economic
plant s, Bamboos
w Palms Ferns Coni-
fers and Miscellane-
Sous ornamentals. 17
o0S year. Most extensive
collection of plants and trees in the
Lower South. Send for large elegant
catalogue.
REASONER BROS.
Oneco, Fla.


The Tangent Fruit Brushers.
raitnrted Mch. I, 8lTf6 ALnr- 11 8l n.
These machines for brushing and
polishing fruit will greatly improve the
appearance of any pack of oranges or
lemons at a very slight cost, and with-
out damage to the fruit.
They are past the experimental stage,
having brushed more than 10,000 cars
of these fruits in California.
Circulars on application.
WRIGHT BROTHERS,
Riverside, Cal.

Track. Hna, Coal. Cattl.
Pl Pufo.d d Coomu- Sc1le
IParticutilnteioa to repts
Satisfactiom Gura .ed.
HH rI JESSE MARDEIb
Slo a charles St
LBoTIOE. Xa







SEED-
gr ow ang erop because they're
esh and always the best For
al everywhere. Refuse substitute.
Stiok to Perr' seeds and prosper.
130 Seed Annual ree. Write for it.
Fprm. & on DflaltK. fnes.


II


- ...- -.lr.... --- -- --- ~Y.


543


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.










B_ THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

used for fruit and care should be taken
to have all dishes, sieves, kettles and
cans scrupulously clean. A warm pear- A Noi Book For M
line suds for washing and a dash of
Fresh cold water to rinse them will in-
sure satisfactory results. R. E. M. Spea1 Arrangements Whereby a Free
Copy Can Be Obtained by Every
-AmVEINi PHeUafTtt TIme. Rader of This Paper.
A great many people, when urged or week the oress
to read and study, reply, "Oh, I haven't out the enmims edit
M S the food more delicious and wholeOme time!" Haven't time! Haven't time ion of Dr. J. Newton
to train and develop the spiritual side Hsthawasms new book-
WYAL WJ S OWWO 00 01 VrWL 11F"Manliness, Vigor,
S515 '5 '1 O SeWo. of your nature, the only part that nev- H ea h"I-t'U eeo
er dies? Haven't time to read and te" e 4l W -
B0 .m 0Dg. = .IW. feet in size with a root sufficiently high think? Do you not think as you do a e
to allow a man to enter comfortably. your farm or housework? Is it not as number of thee hoos,
an communicationsorenquiriesfor hisde- Around three and a half sides, the easy, and far more profitable, to have ese
partmnt should be addrssed to _a__re bvm
FpartmeIthold beaRddrI ed to boards for a space of fifteen inches are your mind engaged with some theme c alireta e
FLORIDA AGRICULTUIST, not nailed to the timbers but are fast- worth the thought of a sensible man p woer wo sea mm.
Hoehold Dept. Jacksonville. n together with stron cleats an and woman to keep it continually on r. atha dds toh
old Applaon. hung with strap hinges from the top of the Lrind oaffa ery r T lif nd nour ~r f or wa, s vd dstodisaptso a m ,-
the opppleighsft. neighbors' affairs? The mind is never and druringtat tineme en s.orenordmoresaem
the opening thas left.har ppineethla
People as a general rule, are preju- This opening is about eight inches be- at rest. It remains with you to de- toeesan nr aoithe.
diced against the use of cold applica- low the eaves of the house and is cov- lernine the quali tyo workv the brain i Dr way treats and curesbyametied
tons to the body In case of internal ered with wire screen. The board doeS. I am Inclined to believe that it enrl his own discovered and perfeeteby
tions to the body in case of internal ered with wire screen. The boao i matter of a lack of rs S exnlusiei jLP .Is
blinds are fastened open by aooks ex- riwcoele, inct Poiso n ; in
fevers, but I know of no remedy that blinds are fastened open by hooks t e a lack ou n emo- i tIasa
cept when a high wind would blow time as a lack of judgment in employ- n t stages,
will bring quicker relief, where the dust or rain into the house. A tank ing time. There are many, many wast- allmannersoes
trouble is not of a serious nature, wide and deep enough to hold milk ed moments pn the busiest le. ad Sine esr s fot es
than the application of cloths wrung crocks extends along one side of the nakte cultured men and women. It patdment atronegor well osvitus m
I nntod ya der-make cultured men and women. It patientastrng, wellvsoruc a
out of aold water and applied lo tihat 1"1 t....d.. cnn- td a tIndrh- ms 1l Dr. Hlatobwat s iooee in the u St mmo
ground pipe with a 51&151 taRn elk ckio U14Q to s anis -o it aid of k
portion of the body where the pain is the pump. The water is pumped into The person who has a book handy so aaoi y ii lrM --L7 tpb aisamuas
greatest. It seems to draw the fever to the small tank to fill themilk tank. n that he can pick t upwhen he has to t ne.Thi
the surface, or to cool it. We have also outlet at the other end of the tank, ear with fiveood fr seve l store s th eonlyo. Dr mtw hepMttcei
with food for several hours of thought atltn. Dr. Hathaway cals the particular awm-
found it a great helin cases of fever the top, lets off the water before it gets He can digest t, as it were make it tion of sufferers fromVaricocele Dnd Strieture to
ound it a great help in cases of ever high enough in the tank to run into He can ige t, as it were, make it a e7.2, anlohisewboo
It is one of the quickest ways to re- the milk and one at the bottom of the part of his inner consciousness. "But er case taken by Dr. Hathaway is
lieve inflamed tonsils that cause sleep- tank is used to draw off all of the water who wants to pick up a book st for te aeordin to ts natureael
lo eness, to apply cold cloths, taking twice a day (or oftener in very hot five minutes?" yof say. Oh, well, if hipmmre oaeasrvomthenrnd alr
S tyou do not get your clothing w rla Itwithfre a- you would rather idle away those min- hisownl Ctratoriesunde
care that you do not get your clothing t ter teut es, well and good; but doni' May you trrvorDirt M eR emeote mmasa` "
ter from the well. A door occupies the ion or advice. eieratho o or by mallJ
wet, or you may bring on a cold. When portion of the wall left without screen haven't time to read. Rather acknowl- when a case Is taken the one low fee covers a
the cloth begins to get warm, take it and a table and shelves complete the edge you have time, but do not care costhofmediinesand professioaservices.
to employ it. Dr. Hathaway always prefers, when it is iced.
off and wave it gently in the air and it interior,. ble, to have hbs patients call onp him frle
a shelf outside, where the sunshines Some of the best-read people we meet one interview, hit this is not essentl u hse hem
will.soon become almost icy cold, and isbest for the crocks after wai are those who have acquired their in- ouredsores oth ndsSpofatlesInall sso-
apply again, only putting it into the and the tank should be washed out formation in these odd minutes that system of Home Treatment is so perfect
water when it becomes too dry to be once of twice a week with a warm nlsri ege thers friof heWan b ingaboutaeureasurea ma d
effective. It will soon ease the pain pearline suds but it is not necessary to spare minutes and well have they em- uthenhthe patentecaleddilyathise -
etescald it with the asuds as we do the played their time. You may do like- J. NBWTON I ATI AWAVY, N.
and restlessness, and bring refreshing crocks. It s best to change the wa- wise, and at the end of a year you will r.atawa a o.
sleep. It is equally effective when ap- ter in the tank at noon and at night. be astonished at the amount of reading 3 DyoreE Set, Savam ah.rn.
pled to lungs or any other part of the The milk keeps cool and sweet in you have done and the information MEoTHsAPARwM
body where there is Internal fever. Or thil tank and the cream raise well. you have acquired.-Farm and Fire-
course it will not cure, but it will give Tlhemllkshould be skimmed when 1( ,' I Il I I
twenty-four hour old. If one does not , 1|pA IIA rt l
relief, unless the case is an aggravated want to take the trouble of building a Cultivate the Correct Poise. 1 i 1A t i 1 I L
one, almost as quickly as a narcotic, house for the milk, the following way The minute a woman stands lightly
and has the merit of being harmless, will be found quite an improvement on on her feet, with knees straight, chest W M ake Our Own
This use of cold water is only rec- setting the milk in the kitchen or pan- well out, stomach flat, shoulders back steel Rods, and Wire used in Pase Fenee;
try: Get a good solid barrel and have and the body from the .waist up tilt- Cut down the prices, and canfurnishpromptly.
ommended where there is no serious it sawed in two. Place the two tubs ing ever so slightly forward, she has rPA0BWeTOUBWlgrW iCRDc,AblAl, l a
trouble, but I think it would give some thus formed on the ground under the acquired at once a certain amount of
relief where the fever is of a more ser- grape arbor or an umbrella tree; put smartness of effect that no amount of s
lous character. in enough fresh water to nearly reach beauty or fine clothes could give. A
the top of your milk crocks, and cov- woman simply can't stand correctly ll AU TiH PAI WITI
I have tried it often for inflamed er tightly with a clean board cover and look slovenly.-Pittsburg Dispatch. Pa n iller
tonsils with very satisfactory results, made for the purpose. A grain sack iPa j- K ller.
and wish to recommend it to others wrapped around the tub and wet will, The ssaw was Ast In Ie
who have the same trouble. Try it and by evaporation, lower the temperature The happiest thing I ever saw was A tMiCS. esst i 5a
within. Churn early in the morning, barefooted and dirty. He carried mudPLESAFE QUCK CURE FO
I know you will be pleased with the re- having the chrn wrapped in a wet between his toes and freckles on the D C l
suit. towel and in a draught if possible. nose, and his heart was full of dreams Cramps, Diarrhoea, Colds,
SWash the butter quickly in several and his head was full of schemes and Coughs, Neuralgia,
A Delicious Sherbet. changes of fresh water to remove the his pocket full of strings and slings and Rheumatism.
Take four quarts of grapes, wash butter milk that clings to t, salt and things. His billy goat and his dog asnd so cet Btes
them well and cook till the skins are pack in small bowls which can be set were his daily companions, and he
on a brick in the milk tub or tank. roamed over the hills and yelled be- BEWARE OF IMITATIONS.
tender enough to break, then remove Now sisters, tell us how you manage cause he had a yeller and whooped be- BUY ONLY THE GENU'NE.
from the fire and run through a fruit to make.good butter these hot days, cause he had a whooper. At home he PERRY DAVIS'
press to remove the seeds and skins. and let us have a good "old-timey" dis- was the autocrat of the breakfast table
Sweeten to your tate. As grapes are ussion on this important subject. and the dinner table and the supper
Sweeten to your taste. As grapes are . Merryman. table; at school he was the democrat
rather sour, it will require more su- of the playgrounds and the republican The Practical
gar than most other fruit Dissolve one With Grapes. of the lunch basket-he wanted every AND SIMPLE
thing in sight He abhorred the bath AND SIMPLE
half box of gelatin in cold water and Editor Household Department. tub, the Bible and was a sworn enemy BARBED WIRE
add to the juice and freeze. Now that grapes are so plentiful of castor oil and civilization. He was FENCE iLLILER.
This makes rather an acid sherbet, housekeepers are seeking new ways of everlastingly under indictment for P1 Cle a.0..;
but one that is very acceptable during putting them up for winter use, and so high crimes and misdemeanors and at- V. SCHMELZ
ut ne t ey a ea I will tell my way of making catsup. tempting to prove an alabi. His father V.
the extremely warm weather. Pick the grapes from the stems and tried him, convicted him for dodging SylvanLake, Fla
S. boil until tender, using only water the truth and turned to him with a "Oertflcate Am. Inst. air."
S Good Florida Butter. enough to cook them nicely. Rub the frown and said, "My son, don't you go
Editor Howuehold Department. grapes through a course sieve and re- to Sunday school?" "Yes, sir." "Don't
Reading the article on "Good Butter" turn the pulp to the preserving kettle, you study the Bible there?" "Yes, sir." UNIVERSITY OF OEORGIA,
by E. J. C. in the issue of August 22, To ten pounds of pulp add five "Well, can you tell me what it says
I am convinced that she has never pounds of sugar, one tablespoonful about a lie?" The boy scratched his ATHENS, OA.
made butter in Florida. Her directions cinnamon, one heaping teaspoonful head and looked guilty but finally re-
are very good for the northern states each of cloves, allspice and pepper, a covered from his equilibrium and with
but perhaps those who have had to grated nutmeg and one quart of vine- a twinkle in his eye said: "It says a lie
contend with Florida summers can tell gar. Boil slowly until of the proper is the abomination in the sight of One hundredth session begins Sep-
us more accurately how to manage in consistency and then seal in bottles or the Lord and a very present help in member Igth, Igoo. Rooms in dormi-
Florida. I do not know whether I have pint jars. This is very nice to eat with time of trouble.-Bob Taylor on boys. tory free. Excellent board in Students'
ever described my milk house to the bread for a change from the canned ty tee
readers of this paper but as it is com- fruits but perhaps will not suit those O Hall at eight dollars per month. Tui-
paratively inexpensive I will do so who like a very strong catsup. a a la. of her dafness and tion of non-residents fifty dollars per
now. To make grape jam prepare the fruit en the head by Dr. Nichleton's annum. For further information write
A large grape arbor stands about fif- as for catsup and add only the sugar to Artificial ar Drums, gave a10,00 to his
teen feet from the corner of the kitch- the pulp. Boil until thick enough and Insttute. so that dea people unable to WALTER B. HILL, Chamscr,
S porch procure the ar Druas may have them
et ge porch where the pump Is. Un- can. tree. Addreor UaIc. Thet lcbolson In- AtNs, Go
oer the arbor is the house, six by eight Porcelain or agate kettles should be statute. 70 nshgth Avenme. New Yortk.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.8


Exposure In the Army.

Dsese Ceatstetd while Is the Army
Melseed the LUb OlU er talmons,
srved by Dr.WnUlams' Ptma PUls
Sr Pale People.
Though more than a quarter of a century
has elapsed since the Ciril War, the echoes
of that terrible struggle are still carried to
us through all the intervening time.
.,X Many a valiant
man survived that
Sondiet.bmt to be
plunged into another
Sno eleeere. From
e the battle A o and
deam groundsnthere
r. v slm sprofng up a foel toL
veltrum of Co sand of
r~shedm the ovan er y e ard
oyig t of their, livb Wi-

am' Pink Pills for P bre Peope he owesby
both his heth lonevdhip ad expo-


rued of the war wittion.
anMr. Oliver Salmor of Gtlenfeld, Lwis
Crh, N. Ym whh le d of Compr K, of
the ith ew York Hoeg Artitley,i a


both his health and lonevity. He ame
out of the war with a weakened onstitutioa
and for twenty year saffered terribly from
rhearatism, which led to other eompliea-
tione that threatendd his life and it wm at
this critical time that the tide of disease wa
turned The story a told by Mr. B~lmane
himsel follows:
"Twenty yearago I was taken with rben-.
matim whih was induced by exposure
while in the army. Later this trouble was
completed by diabetes and my suffering
a intee. There was an excruciating
pain in my shoulders and limbo, also a dart-
ing pain in my back. I could not sleep or
work on account of the pain.
"I was under the care of phydlalan and
took their mediin employ four differ-
ent detorm, but the treatment did no
good.
"About two yearago a friend living at
On(r resommnded that I try Dr.Wllilinam
Pink Pills for Pale People and I did so. I
had taken the pill but three or four days
when I found that they gave me relief. The
rheumatic pains ceased and to my surprise I
found that the pills were also curing the
diabetes. I took the pills for over a year
and was entirely cured of both troubles.
"I am now 80 years of age but am strong,
have a good appetite and eel fi t-cla, l
of which I ttributeto the good qualities of
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills fr Pale People."
(Signed) OLVXZ SaLuoNS.
SBbseied and sworn to before methis
th day of February, 1900.
A. C. MILznB,
s and,"r t4e O anif of L.ew.
At all drsulate or dirt from Dr. Wil.
Hams Medicine Co., Sohenectady, N. Y,
ID cents per box; boxes, .50.

A irge Game Preaerve.
A large land deal has just been
closed at Tampa. The sale was of
68,710 acres of prairie land in Manatee
county, which lies in a solid body, and
has for years been the property of the
Plant InOestment company. The land
was bought by Messrs. T. S., F. J.,
E. C. and B. L. Knight, all of Charlotte
Harbor, and they will enclose the land
for a game preserve which will be the
largest in the state. The tract, In ad-
dition to a little fhe purchasers already
owned there, comprises three solid
* townships. It is so watered and wood-
ed as to make it an ideal game pre-
serve. The new owners will devote
S their energies toward making this
place one that will well be worth own-
ing. All of the gentlemen are sports-
men, and they do not Ilke to see the
game disappear so rapidly as It has, so
they determined to have a place where
they can do as they please and kpep
the pot hunters out.-Titusville Star.
* *
Docking Ims fashionable.
A New York man who is actively In-
terested in all that pertains to light
harness horses recently said that when
fashion decreed that it was correct to
drive a horse with as short a tail as it
was possible to make, everybody who
wanted to be in the swim followed the
foolish idea and the unfortunate
horses suffered accordingly. Now that
a large number of the dock tailed
horses have been worn out and broken
down, they have become common in
the ranks of hard working horses, and
delivery wagon, express wagons and
even peddlers' wagons are now pulled


by dock tailed horses, so that dimin.
ished caudal appendage is no longer
confined to the ranks of Society.
Whenever any fad-and the dock tailed
horse was only a fad-becomes com-
mon the leaders of society drop out,
and it then naturally-goes out of fash-
ion. It is so with the bicycle. Now
that the short tailed horse is common
the exclusive set have gone back to the
long tailed class, and many a fine pair
are now to be seen in the fashionable
quarters. The shrewdest dealers
quickly caught on, and, while many
horses are shown with their tails tied
up, they are not docked except by or-
der of the purchaser.-National Stock-
man.
e *
Protection from flies.
"what can be put on horses to keep
flies away?" is a question often asked.
It must needs be of a nature that will
not mar the appearance of the horse,
or prevent his being curried. It seems
difficult to obtain a mixture that pos-
sesses lasting with safe qualities, but
the following is the best we have tried.
It is safe, does not gum the hair, and
is effective for three of four hours.
Fish oil, 2 quarts, carbolic acid (crude)
one pint; pennyroyal one ounce, oil of
tar, eight ounces; kerosene enough to
make one gallon of mixture. Apply
with a sprayer, not with a brush. This
will do for cows and other animals as
well.-Exchange.
C *
Worm Relps o p eoge.
Here are five recipes for -worms in
hogs: 1.-Santonin, quarter teaspoon-
ful at a dose. Dissolve in hot water or
alcohol and mix with a little gruel or
milk. 2.-Fluid extract of spigella
and senna, equal parts, given in half-
ounce doses every four hours until it
causes purging. 3.-Turpentine in
milk, or a small portion of good slop,
from fifteen to twenty drops three
time a day. 4.-Coal oil in slops has
been found effective. .,--Tobacco
boiled down to a small decoction in
water, given in teaspoonful doses three
days in succession, in some slop, morn-
ings. One two and three should be
followed by a physic of salts or oil.
All these doses are for full-grown hogs.
Give pigs less in proportion to size.-
Jamaica Jounrnal.
*
Peach Yellows.
The following timely and valuable in-
formation for fruit growers is given by
the Ohio experiment station:
Yellows is a highly contagious in-
curable disease of the peach. Trees
affected with it should be destroyed at
the earliest possible moment by up-
rooting and digging them out and
burning the roots, trunk and branches,
including fruit, on site. No remedy
save that has proven successful.
Dragging diseased trees or branches
through an orchard will infect healthy
trees.
Late summer and fall are the most
favorable times for detection of yellows
by symptoms of fruit and twigs. These
are:
1.-Premature ripening of the fruit,
whieh is highly colored and spotted
and has a flesh marbled with red.
2.-Premature unfolding of winter
buds.
3.-Abnormal- development of new
buds in the trunk and branches, which
grow into slender, sickly-looking
shoots.-New England Farmer.
0 *
To Owners of Vineyards.
I have several varieties of the grapes
which have borne a remarkably heavy
fruitage this year in July and August.
I expected that the birds, which are
very numerous In my vicintly, would
appropriate a large percentage of the
ripe fruit but was agreeably disap-
pointed.
I had planted extensively of several
varieties of the sunflower, some of
them growing within five and ten feet
of the vined. They commenced matur-
ing their seed in June, attracting birds
from every quarter. jays, red birds,
English sparrows and others.


toOsD
ma


Dally the premises were alive with
these little visitors.
My grapes ripened in July and
hanging in rich clusters, seemed to of-
fer a temptation irrestlable to the
feathered visitors, but to my surprise
they were totally indifferent to their
rich luscious charms.
Birds feeding on these seeds in im-
mediate juxtaposition with the vines,
alarmed for a moment by the intrusion
of a fowl, or other cause, would fly
from the plant to the vines to return
immediately to the sunflower.
I have no reason to think that a sin-
gle grape was taken, and to this date,
August 12th, the plants are still yield-
ing their seeds to the birds.
Plant the seed in the earliest spring
and make several successive plantings
at short intervals of time.
The birds attracted to the first fruits
become habited to the resort, and,
preferring the seed to any other tempt-
er, are thus attracted until grapes are
harvested.
By this simple, economical expedient
the vintner's harvest is rendered e-
cure and the slaughter of the valu-
able little innocents is rendered un-
necessary.
Once planted the sunflower will re-
new itself by annual volunteers.-Rob-
ert Gambel in Tallahasseean.
*
Terra Ceia, Fla., April 2nd '00,
E. O. Painter & Co., Jcksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen;-I have used your Bi-
mon Pure Tomato with good results.



"STEVENS FAVORITE"
RIFLE.


It ,"Takes Down.'


22-inch barrel, weight 4i pounds.
Carefully bored and tested. For
.2, .25 and .32 rim-fire cartridges.
No. 17.
Plain Open Sights, $600
No. 18.
Target Sights, $8.50
Ask your dealer for the U FAVO-
RITE. If he doesn't keep it we
will send, prepaid, on receipt of
price.
Send stamp for complete cata-
logue showing our full line, with val-
uable information regard rifes
and ammunition in general

J, STEVENS L AID TOOL CO.1
-CC rB P.O.Bo0B
CHICOPED PALLS, MASS.


Am much pleased wtn nt. Shall use
your brands of fertilizer altogether
hereafter.
Yours respectfully,
E. B. Dole.

O (, vq 8 0m
,4 4 0 VED



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IHCH ESTER

W' g NEW RIVAL "

FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
No black powder seallm the market ramr with t. NEW RIVAL" In m-I
ormity and stroeat sheet qulles. Sr ln mad watwpreM. et the nlas.
VIUHESTE REPEAT .. .- k Hne



Farmers' Attention l-

SPECIAL
SPRIN49
QOODS

Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
GEORGIA STOCKS.
OPRtAYINQ OQ FITS,
and everything In Grove and Farm Implements and Supples

Poultry Netting ..""Ml Celumbia Bicycles
CHARTER OAK STOmBS,
CABRARA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PUIP8
WRITE FO1 PRICES.
OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.


- F-- _ -dw


ML-- i








6 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.



I ---- - - - ~ s ~ t t S lI


rf


OW TO GET A TON OF FERTILIZE


j. FOR $2.00 .



Io,ooo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST within the next six months.
Every Thirtieth person remitting $2.00 for a year's subscription will be given an order for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired . . .


HOW TO DO IT.


Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. 0. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for one
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
...........................1 900 multiple of 30, as 60, 90, 300, etc., you can order a
flessrs. E. O. PAINTER & CO., ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
Pubs. Florida Agriculturst, Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
DeLand, Fl. ist at the regular price of $2 per year and have one
Gentlemen-Please find enclosed 2.00 for one year's sub- chance in 30 of getting a ton of hih grade fertilizer
scription to the Florida Agriculturist to begin at once. It hance i 0o getting n o hg gr
is understood that should the number of my receipt be 30 beside. This may be YOUR opportunity.
-- - -1;If t .+ -h- eonn-io o, nn f sn


or any multiple o0 tnat number, I icn oruer a tu Uvt
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. cars at Jacksonville, Fla., without further expense
to me.
Shipping Point..... ......... ...............
Freight Depot................................ ....... ......
P. O. Address....................... ........... ...........


Note-If the station to which the fertilizer is to be shipped i a D LAND
"prepay." amount of fr2.ght must be forwarded with instructions. DE LA


E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,


Publishers,


- FLORIDA.


Received of E. 0. Painter & Co., one
ton Simon Pure Fertilizer, No. 1, with
a total cost to me of $2.00 and freight.
W. H. Bigelow
Tarpon Springs, Fla., April 9, 1900.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.:
Gentlemen:-I thank you very much
for the ton of fertilizer you have sent
me. I know what it is, as I have used
r s2s naa-anes it a miiiel 1)s al ixf
any MiO f e fEFLIEt, II not h in- ini'


This is the first prize I ever drew in my
life and I assure you it is appreciated.
Very truly yours,
W. H. Bigelow.
S*0
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I have received a ton of
your Simon Pure Fertilizer, which cost
me only $2.00 and freight, besides get-
ting the Agriculturist for one year.
i 3 frorm eDrotrionoe that the fer.


Florida and the Agriculturist the grow-
ers true friend. J. C. Mathews.
Plant City, Fla.,
August 9, 1900.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
Gentlemen:-I hereby acknowledge
the receipt of one ton of -your Si-
mon Pure Fertilizer for the sum of
42.00, having been one of the lucky
nunimers who received fertilizer on
f ~ ~ "k ;a l6 _-'z.'(s-tsM sssf~is s


your most valuable paper, the best ag-
riculturist paper in the state. I prize
this fertilizer very highly as I have
4ong ago been convinced by actual
test upon my farm that Simon Pure
fertilizer put up by E. 0, Painter &
Co., of Jacksonville, are as good as
can be had. I have used it along side
of and and prefer it to
either. Thanking you for past favors
I remain, Yours Respectfully,
JPUS k A. MaS


A High-Grade Fertilizer

MUST HAVE


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"T'HiJ IDF1 A T," BRANDS-
ir HAVE TH ESE. "W"
Theii irny ipy 3x. Eim 140-0o9 per ton when y-R -an et s ristly high grde, riables fertilizer *2 fhe following pt ices
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE................$3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)........$. .7.oo per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... 28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................. $30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. S28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE.............. $30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER .....................$2.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .IZRR COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
r, PY' Poot Brand Blood and Bone, $18.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano, The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, $44.00 per ton.


4v- -


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