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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00035
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: August 29, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00035
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text



-X 15 RA Z~ 'V



LI 7, 'r; Ir. v't
Dep f 9rnet icAricuture,


Vol. XXVII, No. 35.


The Seminole Manufacturing
Company.
It the readers of the Agriculturist
could turn back to the fles of the pa-
per during the early years of its ex-
istence, they would see repeated refer-
ence made to the value of the cassava
plant as a farm product for feed for
man, stock, and poultry and also ref-
erences as to the possibility of its be-
ing used as a starch producing plant.
In fact, the first introduction of cas-
Saura a o wan made b h th e thrn i-
tor of the Agriculturist, Col C. Cod-
rington, who had recently moved from
the British West Indies and made his
home in Jacksonville. Article after
article was written and the grower
was urged to plant cassava. A few of
the farmers took it up and have grown
small crops ever since, but the major-
ity of the orange growers who had big-
ger returns from other sources, did not
deem it worth while to bother with the
cassava plant. The last few years,
however, have brought about a change
in this as well as in other lines of ag-
riculture, and to-day the fields of cas-
sava can be numbered by the hundreds
of acres instead of by patches, and
starch factories of large capacity have
been erected to convert the raw root
intons man ansntntnufmri si.m or cum


me

up
ex
ml
lar
Th
me
en
tu
pr
ne


Jacksonville and DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, August 29, 1900.


THE SEMINOLE MANUFACTURING COMPANY.
Factory in Course of Construction.


erce. sary funds to put up a first class plant The company then bought a tract of
DeLand was the first place to take with a capacity to consume every land at Spring Garden, consisting of
Sthe business in anything like an pound of root that could be brought to about 1900 acres, and last winter they
tensive scale, and at Stetson, one it. They offered to buy all that could had 400 acres of this land cleared and
la wset t?g DeLnd, ia located the be grown at a price that seemed to be fenced, and under cultivation, on
rgest starch factory in the south, a iair one to the grower. WMrIsa M&aavs a 1s aw pgwlag. 01F
iat the business has reached the dl- When the orange growers were asked illustration shows two fields of about
tensions it has, however, is due to the to raise a crop of cassava and offered 100 acres each, looking toward the cen-
terprise of the Seminole Manufac- $6.00 per ton for the root, delivered at ter of the plantation where the barns
ring company. The gentlemen com- the factory door, they contended that and tool sheds are located. It is quite
sing this company are men of bust- it could not be done for the money. an interesting sight to look down a
ss ability who possessed the neces- Many of them refused even to try, field row a mile in length and as
but others were wil- "straight as a string" and see the cas-
ling to experiment. sava waving in the
The first season was gentle breeze. So
r! a very unfavorable rapidly does the
one, owing to the cassava grow that
., long spring drouth, it is now impossible
Shortage of seed and to see the ground
lack of knowledge between the rows,
of handling of the although it has
name, so that the boon but n angnth
growers were not since the pictures -
very well pleased were taken. "
with the outcome, This field of 400 -)
although it was as- acres seems a large
serted by many that experiment, but an
they were well paid experiment on the
for their labor. The result of which will
'Seminole Company, depend the future
realizing that It actions of the com-
would be impossible pany. Everything is
to induce the grow- vory favorable so
er under such cir- far, notwithstand-
cumstances, to fur- ing the many diffi-
nish the cassava culties in the way
roots in sufficient of cold spring, poor
quantities to keep seed, etc. Their ex-
their mill busy, de- periments show
termined to make most interesting re-
an experim mental sults. The cassava
plantation of their planted in the fall
own and to test by gave the poorest
actual experience at stand, while the
THE SEMIO LE MANUFACTURING COMPANY. what price cassava canes planted last T'HE SMINOL
Plantation. FildiNo. 3 Looking VWst. could be grown. in the spring pro- Spring Garden PI


Whole No. 1387


duced the best stand, and the field on
which fertilizer was spread broadcast
before or at the time of planting,
shows more rank growth than the
fields.where the plants were allowed
to come up before being fertilized. At
the time the writer was over the field,
thee w-ere the nrincidle deTeloDmento
that could be seen, but experiments
as to quality and variety of fertilizers
are being carried on, the results of
which can only be known at the time
the root is dug and converted into
starch. This plantation is undoubted-
ly the largest in the state, and still
only ji 00 crla Iar now under cl ltl r
tion. This plantation will be more than
doubled another year if the expecta-
tions of the company are realized as
to the yield of cassava root per acre,
as it is hoped from the present out-
look they will be. It is estimated that
they will have over 3000 tons of root
on this plantation to be converted into
starch. This estimate Is based on a
yield of about eight pounds to the hill.
which is a very small estimate consid-
ering the fact that the hills are fre-
quently found to have three times as
much.
Besides the experiments with cassa-
va, the company has also planted
largely in sweet potatoes of different

im linrt~a w~tbh Fs s ea ash far
feed for stock. It is hoped that the
sweet potato will prove valuable In
the factory and on the plantation.
The plantation is equipped with all
of the best labor saving machinery
Halt 1 aU Do usaa to advantage. No
pains or expense has been spared
along this line with the result that
with the expense already incurred and
the estimated cost of digging and de-
livering to the factory, etc., It is be-
lieved that the cassava will be deli-
vered eventually at a cost of not over






...t-



















l MANUFACITRING COMPANY.
antation. Field No. 4, Looking North.










520 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

$3.00 per ton, provided it can be har- rather a short time after we are most feet apart in a straight line through Most growers are content with provid-
vested by machinery. Of course this likely to have a killing frost. This the center of the bed having the tons ing the later desideratum, consequently
is on a large scale and smaller growers quite often occurs in January. So seed even. The ridge pole can be made of the bulk of the strawberry farms in
could not expect to produce it at this planted the last of September or dur- a five or six inch board spiked secure- Florida are situated in the flat woods
figure. ing during October are apt to come out ly to the center posts laying flat on the whereas a bay-head is far better. If
The Spring Garden plantation is un- about right. top. On this anda directly In tne center however, neither bay-head or fat
der the general supervision of Mr. M. The seed bed for lettuce as well as nail a strip of board about an inch and woods land is to be had and only the
S. Lee, assisted by D. R. Pilsbery, who for all other crops should receive care- a half square. For the rafters some ordinary pine hill is available, you
has charge of all the experimental ful attention. Clear the ground of use two inch strips one half inch must then select a strawberry plant
work. At DeLand the company has grass and. weeds and break up well. thick reaching from the baseboard on that will grow in and is adapted to
about 350 acres, which at present are Pulverize thoroughly and work in a one side over the ridge pole and down dry land.
looking exceptionally fine. The DeLand good liberal dressing of compost or to the base board on the other. The After you have selected your land,
cassava fields are under the manage- stable manure and commercial fortil- rafters are placed nine feet apart and have it well cultivated, broken up and
ment of Mr. Ed Jamison. The fac- izer. Just before planting stir the pass over the ridge pole where it rests harrowed. No use to have every stick
tory s located at Stetson, an illustra- ground again thoroughly and harrow on the center post. Notches are made lifted up and the ground raked and re-
tton of which appears in this paper. or rake until absolutely fine. When this in the base board and in the string on raked, just have it prepared as you
It is a very large building and is fitted is done scatter the seed broadcast over the ridge pole to let the rafters down would for an ordinary garden crop.
up with the best of machinery and the beds and rake in very lightly. If level so that the cloth will fit snugly. Then lay off in rows three feet apart
drying apparatus for the handling of the soil is rather light it may be firmed Others make the rafters of two pieces for horse culture andt two feet apart
the cassava production. One can down with the back of a hoe or a flat about one and one-half inches square for cultivating with wheel hoe, put
gather but a small idea of what the board reaching from the base board to the fertilizer in each row at the rate of
building really is from the picture. It The seed are now planted and by ridge pole. In either case it is usually about1200 pounds per acre. We mix
has to be seen to be appreciated. The some are expected to come up and best to support the rafter by a small with high gad bl and one
factory is under the supervision of Mr. grow without further care but if you stake placed midway between the wi anit half and half. Mix thong
. W. oombs. a gentleman of over want good plants and no failures in ridge pole and base board. t bchy ru t owo
twenty-one years experience in the germination a little more care is .s- The plants may be set any time after frow on tp haveit leveled down
manfatr e of star Mr Toomb sential unless the weather conditions the base boards are put in position or and after the rst good rain it is ready
was formerly with the Pope Nordyke are most favorable, after the frame is complete. Mark off for planting.
and M. Co., John 3. McLaughlin Starch To avoid such a failure observe the the ground with a hand marker in In planting be careful that the straw-
Co., and was an expert for the Nordyke following and your success will more squares twelve by twelve or fourteen berry plant is replanted exactly the
& Marmdent of the comp., Indiany pois Mr. The presi- than repay the extra cost and trouble. by fourteen inches and plant in each same depth at which it was before it
dent of the company Is Mr. John Me- essame dspth seewarehpIntedspreadreoss
Laughlin and Mr. H. R. Wardell is see- As soon as the seed are planted spread cross. was lifted out of the ground, neither
retary and treasurer. Mr. Wardell over the entire bed some old sacks or In setting plants one drops while the higher or lower, and on no account let
makes his home in DeLand and looks hot bed covers, weight down the cor- others set out with a wooden peg mak- the roots dry. Carry the plants in a
after all of the company's business. It ners and sides so that the wind will ing the hole and pressing the dirt firm- bucket halt filled with water so that
is due to him and his ability as mana- not blow it off and wet down thorough- ly to the roots with the stick. the roots only are wet, on no account
ger of the new enterprise, that the Sem- ly. For several days keep the ground The covers for the beds are madR of have the leaves wet before planting.
inole Manufacturing Co., have the damp. Never allow the ground to be- unbleached four quarter sheeting, coit- The smaller varieties of plants, such as
profitable prospects before them. If come dry even for a short time. ing at present 5 5-8 cents per yard Newnan's Seedling, Wilson's Albany,
can be readily understood that if the The seed are very near the surface Each side of the bed is covered with can be planted at 10 inches apart in
factory could pay $6.00 per ton for the and germinate quickly with proper one peice or cover as they are called, the rows and the large varieties such
cassava root, and the plantation be moisture but if after they sprout the They are made by sewing strips of the as Brandywine, Lady Thompson, etc.,
able to produce it at $3.00, that there ground is allowed to dry out on the cloth together, having the seams run in fact all the new varieties must be
is a good margin for the plantation, surface the little rootlet as it bursts from the ridge pole to the base card planted, from 15 to 18 inches apart. I
We hope all of their expectations will from the seed is withered and the seed when in position. The covers must be have known some growers who advo-
be fully realized, for the gentlemen dies, or the resulting plant is stunted. made eight or ten feet longer than the cate two feet but I think that distance
comprising the company have gone As soon as the plants begin :o m:Lke beds so as to reach down and close unnecessary.
ahead and spent in the neighborhood their appearance above the ground un- the ends. You now have your ground in good
of $100,000 in their new enterprise, der the cloth raise the later and sup- In fastening the covers to the ridge order, you have it well fertilized, know
which means a great deal for Florida port it a foot or so from the ground for pole bring the edges together and lap the distance to set the plants and how
in the way of scattering money to the a few days. This will protect the them on top and tack them just to carry them when setting. We have
growers and adding another item to young plants from the heat of the sun enough to hold. Then take a thin strip still to see when to plant and what va-
the list that is now bringing an income while they are sending down their of board and nail securely over the lap riety.
to the state, roots into deeper soil. fastening it down to the ridge pole. If you are going to ship to northern
* It will also retain the moisture so To fasten the covers at the base markets you can hardly begin too
Lettuce Culture Under Canvass. that the few plants that are not al- board a very convenient way is to get early as the sooner you set the plants,
Editor Florida Agriculturit: ready up can make their way to the a lot of cheap marbles, place them un- the more time they will have to grow
The subject of fruit and vegetable surface and become established. Only der the canvass and fasten a heavy and so make large plants, and as a
protection by means of canvass, is a a few days are required for the whole cord securely around the cloth drawn rule, the larger the plants, the greater
very interesting one and is deserving of process when the cloth can be removed over them. This cord can then be number of berries, but if you set out
careful consideration. and a good supply of plants depended looped over a nail in the base board before the middle of October you
The repeated cold snaps year after upon. when the covers are to be fastened must shade the plants. The best time
year, killing back the orange sprouts, Prepare your field as you did your down. however, and when the plants will live
have turned the attention of the horti- seed bed sparing no pains to secure a The length of time the covers will ten whround imer tandaer doth rs
culturists to the subject of tree protec- good, mellow soil. Compost or stable last depends very much on the care rain gnOctober, from then.till the end
tion by means of tents or sheds. manure are good on most any land hut given them. If they are left tied of November. We find the best way
The truckers of this section after see- essential on most of our pine lands. One up on the ridge pole after a rain they to sets to have an old axe head fixed
Ing matured crops year after year, de- ton to the acre of high grade chemical will rot very soon but by drawing on the end of a handle about the site
stroyed in a single night by the cold fertilizer should be applied broad cast them down and drying them out often of a hoe or rake handle, and for one
or Injured to a greater or less extent and well worked into the soil. Most of they will last all summer. person to go along the row and make
turned their attention to the subject of our truckers use a lettuce special con- The covers when not down for pro- the holes the desired distance apart,
vegetable protection by means of can- training a large amount of nitrogen In tection or to dry should be tied up on followed by a man who fills -up each
vas. As a result an increasingly large some form. The ridge pole. To do this a heavy hole with water, then comes the plant-
acreage of lettuce is grown each year Before setting the plants the frames cord is placed across the pole just be- er, who plunges the roots of the plants
under canvass in this section of the for supporting the canvass are all put fore the covers are nailed on. They into the hole thus filled with water,
state. in place. The canvass, however, is not should be a. couple of feet long and (this serves to spread out the roots),
Lettuce here is grown on quite a put on until there is danger of a frost. placed eight or ten feet apart. When and with the hand firmly press earth
variety of soils but all agree that con- Different methods are used in con- the covers are shoved up the cord will against the roots of the plants which
siderable moisture is necessary to suc- structing the frames but the general always be found convenient for fasten- should be held against one side of the
cess. Lettuce,' however, is easily in- principal is the same in most cases. Ing them. H. G. Fletcher. hole. He should after the hole is filled
jured by an excess of water. A very convenient width for the Gainsville, Fla. up, with a sweep of the hand, draw
Our best truckers select a spot high beds is from 27 to 34 ft. The length some of the top soil so as to cover or
enough so that during a wet spell no can be regulated to suit the shape and Strawberry Culture. mulch over the wet earth. We know
injury will result from the excess of size of the field to cover. However, as Editor Florida Agricutturast this style of planting takes time and
moisture and to supply the deficiency the canvass should be in one niece for Strawberries in Florida are not only wll be scouted at by many but it
during the dry time some system of ir- each side of the bed, it becomes very a source of very great pleasure and a es a te rea nd the plants
rigation is used. Hammock is prefer- heavy and bulky to handle if the beds help to health, but have become on get a better start so in the long run it
red to pine land though some good are too long. From two to three hun of the best money crops, pays.
crops are made on pine land where a dred feet will be found sufficiently When a few years ago a small patch What variety will you plant? I would
generous supply of stable manure has long. was planted for home consumption or advise more than one, first of all we
been used. After determining the size of the bed if the grower was very ambitious and have the improved Newnan's Seedling
It is very difficult to tell just when to desired, line it off and place the base grew for shipping, there are now farms a plant that has been grown success-
ftknt the seed. This may be done from board all round. An inch board ten of from five to fifty acres. These fully for years, in fact the old time
the first of September to the middle inches wide is used for this. These farms do not always pay, however, as berry, but now almost entirely dis-
of January. In the first place you can- are held in position by stakes made of the strawberry plant is a plant that re- carded in favor of the newer finer va-
not tell what length of time will be a six inch board, cut two feet long and quires from start to finish constant rieties.
required to mature the crop. If the pointed at the lower end. The base care, in fact no one should be a straw- Brandywine produces the largest
weather is cold the growth is retarded boards are squared at the ends to make berry grower who is not prepared to berries, so large that twenty will often
to a greater or less extent. If too a close joint and placed in a continu- give their time almost exclusively to fil a quart basket, it is also productive
warm the crop may go to seed with- ous line all around the bed, a stake be- them from August to August. I say of a fine flavor and will ship almost
out heading at all. The average crop ing driven at each joint and at the mid- August instead of January as August any distance being very firm.
however, should mature in from one die of the board on the inside of the is the month when you must begin to The Lady Thompson, also a very
hundred to one hundred and ten days. bed.- These are all firmly nailed to- prepare to plant strawberries for a large berry, rather pale in color, is so
In the second ple.e it would be hard to gether. crop. soft it can only be shipped on ice or in
tell when to plant if the'exact time of The ridge pole running lengthwise And the first consideration is choice refrigerator cars.
maturity was known. The reason for through the middle of the bed is sup- of land. These are both fine varieties and do
this is that the best prices are usually ported by stakes made of two by All strawberries should have well- well in Florida. But the new straw-
realized after a severe cold snap has fours cut about five feet long. These drained land, hence strawberries al- berry Excelsior far surpasses them
killed or badly injured all unprotected are pointed at the bottom, and driven ways do best on land that has a slope, both, in earliness and amount of fruit
stuff. The aim of the grower is to into the ground leaving about three Strawberries require a great deal of per acre.
mature his crop about the time, or and a half feet out. Place these nine water so the land should be moist. Praise for Excelsior.-Mr. J. L.






-c -9


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 521


-strawberry grower of Florida, in an
interesting letter to the Strawberry
Specialist, says of the Excelsior: "My
bushes were one mass of berries and
blooms when the freeze came February
18th, and of course were set back con-
siderably, but they continued to bear
through the shipping season, and when
the season closed the bushes were full
of immense red berries. This will be
a popular berry when tried fully."
This fruit is firm, a beautiful color,
a good size, is the earliest of all known
varieties and an excellent shipper. We
have had this fruit six weeks after
planting.
The Early Florida or Improved
Michael is far the best strawberry
plant for dry land. If properly treated
it will produce well even on our pine
hills. It bears both early and late, be-
ginning to have ripe fruit in December
bearing on till June. As soon as it
begins to bloom it should be mulched
between the rows with pine straw, if

preserve moisture and keep down all
weeds, as the Early Florida is very
subject to leaf spot or blight it should
be sprayedseveral times with Bor-
deaux mixture beginning a week after
planting, this will prevent the blight
spreading..
After the strawberries are planted
the best cultivation they can get is to
run a small tooth cultivator with pul-
verizer attached between the rows once
a week and after every rain, or in hand
culture the wheel hoe, with an occas-
ional raking between the plants this
keeps a mulch of loose soil on top of
the ground, breaks the capilary attrac-
tion thus conserving the moisture and
destroys all weeds. In November and
January apply another dressing of ma-
nure about 400 pounds to the acre each
time; of some high grade fertilizer
rich in potash like No. 1 Simon Pure.
This will keep the plants bearing large
b ..oe a.4 through the eaMon.
In picking the berries if poslble get
girls and women, they are much more
bearable than boys and take a pride in
their work. We give each picker a
nest of baskets marked with the num-
bers assigned to the pickers all through
the season, (in some cases severed sea-
sons in aucceaion), The picker is
known by his or her number and if
there is anything the matter with the
picker, say No. 5, is called up, the fault
shown, told to count it and bring to the
packer's house the next quart picked to
see if it all is right. These baskets are
sorted out at night after all the pack-
ing is done (as we always pack in
new baskets) each number counted and
the pickers get credit for the count. A
table in shed adjoining packing house
is kept for pickers' baskets and none
but full baskets allowed to be brought
into the packing honsa gh pile or
baskets has its own place, numbered'
1 to 25. We find it a good plan to give
to each family or group of pickers
their own particular piece of ground
which they keep all through the sea-
son, and they catch crickets, cut worms
and pull up an occasional weed and
generally take a special interest in it.
Packing, the last but by no means
the least important part of prepar-
ing the strawberry for the market,
should be looked after by either the
grower or some member of the family,
in foat it is beat done by members of
the family entirely, It possible, it Is
most fascinating work, requires a light
cool hand. A good packer can pack
five crates a day. Once had a lady
packer pack one hundred and ninety-
four quarts. Each packer should pack
all their fruit with the checks or regis-
ters so that their work, good or bad,
can be told by the receipts.
Lastly, don't consign your fruit to
any one. Make thorough inquiries as
to the ability and reliableness of the
parties you propose to ship to by do-
ing so yOU will avoid all losn. Last
year we got the full market price for
every crate and refrigerator we ship-
ped except the last one and that got in-
to the market along with the Georgia
berries. Should you be required to buy
your plants go to a reliable nurseryman
who makes a specialty of raising plants
and not to anyone who happens to
have more than he is going to use,
generally covered up with crab grass
and their vitality ruined. If I have
missed any point on which the grower


alea S g 1faiesmaR n. I alaal L U
pleased to answer any inquiry.
R. K. Muirhead,
Strawberry Nurseries, Pasadena, Fla.
*
Good Plants Versus Bad Plants.
In Florida and elsewhere where
planting is done in the fall for a spring
crop of berries, the most important
thing next to good soil is good plants.
Often it has seemed to me equally as
important as good soil.
A good, stout, healthy plant will live
even if planted in a dry time. At any
rate its chances for life are ten times
as many as a small, poor plant has.
Then time is saved and time is prec-
ious when plants are set in September
and October, which must get their
growth and mature fruit by February
or March. A stout, well rooted plant
has already got a good deal of its
growth.
Now in a.very favorable season there
is of course less difference in the re-
suits for rood and bad plants. A plant
mar URN FRIZ on it lusR RR BORO aw sel
and timely showers just as needed
through the tall is apt to do pretty well
whether it was small or large at the
start. But timely showers can not be
counted on. A hot dry spell gives a
small, puny plant a short shrift. Or
rathed disposes of it without shriving
at all.
I find it very hard to grow good
plants in Florida. Some seasons are
better than others, but I have never
been able to raise near as good plants
as I buy from the states north of us.
The strawberry is a native of the cool-
er, hilly sections of the middle tier of
states across the country. There it
flourishes in even a wild state. Our
summers are too long and hot for it
to maintain its vigor here. Even when
the plants escape disease and make
a fine growth there seems to be an
impairment of vigor, of productiveness
which tells heavily and unpleasantly
at piocinff time
Long experience has convinced me
of the superiority of plants grown in
a region more conducive to their vigor
-in a more congenial habitat. Such
plants, if first class, not only make
more berries and better ones but they
also seem to be a little earlier. While
I would not peak positively on thia
point, as exact tests on this line are
difficult, my observation certainly
bears it out. And reasoning from an-
alogy it seems likely. A vigorous,
thrifty plant of any kind matures its
product easier and therefore earlier
than an unhealthy or stunted one.
This analogy holds good even in the
animal kingdom: a vigorous cow,
horse sheep or pig breeding younger
than a scrub.
Brandywine, Excelsior, Lady Thomp-
son and Hoffman all do well here.
Newnan, though not as large as the
others, has value on account of its
shipping qualities. Clyde does not do
well this far south. Some grow Gan-
dy with great success. Armona, though
it makes a fine berry, ip too unhealthy
in its plant growth.-J. D. L. in Straw-
berry Specialist.
*
Plant City as a Strawberry Market.
The query has been expressed in
certain quarters why It was that Plant
City had so suddenly achieved the
rank of one of the best and most sat-
irfactory (if not the beat) strawberry
market in the state. The explanation
is easily made. An unusually large
acreage of the choicest plants was put
out, and each grower made it a point
to put in only such acreage as he could
properly fertilize, cultivate and man-
age. The conditions of the season have
been most favorable for this section
also, hence a very large crop of the
largest, cleanest and finest berries vas
almost the universal result. Then came
the developing of the marketing. A
few very early shipments was made
and fancy prices obtained. Then came
orders and solicitations in abundance
and the old game of consignments be-
gan to loom up. But the "burned child
dreads the fire" and the consignments
moved off slowly. In the mean time
the clear eyed buyer with money at his
command appeared on the. scene and
conditions changed. Good paying
prices were offered the producers, cash
in hand, fine, clean, large berries being
the standard; and true enough by far


S sm lacrar annul WrEma mgt tus i(n111-
ard, and nence the selling and Buying
has been going on all these days with
a perfect rush. Of course each buyer
knows exactly what he is doing, being
in close touch with his house by wire
every hour of the day, if necessary, be
it New York, Philadelphia, Chicago
Boston or elsewhere.-Plant City Cour-
ier.
S* -
Growing Wheat.
Editor Florida Agriculturist.
This is the greatest of all the bread
crops. It deserves the first place in all
our fartiing plans. We should study its
nature and adaptations so that we
can address ourselves to wheat grow-
ing intelligently. Wheat generally
means winter wheat. Spring wheat is
only adapted to limited localities.
Winter wheat is a biennial plant. It
requires part of two years in reaching
full maturity. It needs the fall of one
year for root development, and the
spring of another year for seed devel-

come first, this Is the most important
part for us to look after. If this is
perfect, then there may be a full seed
crop. But if from any cause the root
development Is incomplete, the grain
will be'cut short.
Sowing the Grain.-We now see that
the manner of sowing the grain is very
important. The roots must have time
room and food or they will not reach
full growth. The time should be about
six months, hence should begin as early
as practicable in the fall, so as to
reach the greatest possible growth
before mid-winter checks them.
September in most of this country
would be the best time, all things con-
sidered. But local conditions often
change this. The Hessian fly must be
considered. If we sow to early, this
fly may cause great damage and some-
times complete ruin. They are much
worse where there is grass upon the
land, and much less troublesome after
any crop that has required clean cul-
ture. Hence it is often a matter of
great importance what crop to follow.
Cotton gives the best possible prepar-
ation for wheat. But the cotton crop
does not mature early enough. Hence
many prefer to follow corn. Peas are
better. They leave the soil in excel-
lent condition mechanically, ana store
away ammonia for the use of the
wheat. A clover sod is the best of all
rotations.
Preparation of Soil Beds.-Wheat
roots desire to go down four and one-
half to five feet in the earth, seeking
water and food. This they will do if
the hardpan is broken thoroughly.
Deep plowing and subsoiling and re-
peated harrowing will all pay. The
cultivation must be done before sow-
ing the seed. A deep mellow root bed
is of prime importance. If the soil bed
is perfect, the danger from rust is al-
most entirely avoided. If to this deep
and thorough preparation we add a
liberal use of acid phosphate and pot-
ash, we have an ideal seed bed. Vari-
ous experiments show that this is n
vital point in successful wheat growing.
In a bed thus prepared the roots of
wheat sown in September and early
part of October reach such wonderful
development that there is little danger
of winter killing. The roots are so
numerous, deep and strong that they
resist successfully the danger of
frost. Again the top will be so far ad-
vanced as to furnish a good covering
over the soil. This green covering
keeps the soil warm.
Wheat thus eewn will have four
times the root development of wheat
sown in November. For the south this
is a matter of the first importance.
Selecting Seed.-There is a great dif-
ference in the yielding power of dif-
ferent varieties of wheat. Rust Is the
great enemy. Hence a rust-proof va-
riety should be secured if possible. The
farther south we go, the greater dan-
ger from rust. At present the "Red-
Amber" and "Turkish Red" seem to
be the leaders along this line.
Too much care cannot be given to
this point. When ready to sow, the
seed should be washed in very hot
water, or in a solution of Bluestone, so
as to destroy smut spores or germs.
Sowing with drills seems to be
growing in favor. This helps to pro-
tect the young plants against frost.
But we rather think the chief advan-


tas& nngmsa rIom th lettr raMrtlran
orf SoI ectirea By this plain together
with greater uniformity of depth of
covering of the seed.
Fertilizing.-The manuring should
be done broadcast and thoroughly In-
corporated with the soil by harrowing.
The chief point is to secure as great
solubility as practicable, so as to ren-
der prompt aid to the roots. Ammonia
is needed for promoting healthy
growth. This can generally be secured
from peas or clover, or thorough cul-
ture and barn yard manures. Acid
phosphate is needed to insure heavy
grain in the heads plump and full. Pot-
ash gives strength to the stems and
helps to resist rust. It gives a healthy
tone to the entire plant, and this is of
prime importance.
Results.-If good seed be selected.
soil preparation thorough, fertilizing
properly proportioned, and seed sown
early, the wheat crop will be sure and
profitable. Carelessness, slipshod
methods, and general inattention have

shonim be wheat sners. From thirty
to forty bushels should be the average
yield from intelligent sowing. Wheat
growing is not limited by climate or
soil, but by intelligent sowing. Hence
we say to every southern farmer,
"8ow plenty of good wheat
Have home-grown bread to eat!"
James. B. Hunnicutt.
*
Getting Beady.---Bandy and.
We are laying out our work and buy-
Ing our seed now for our fall garden.
We like to be beforehand in this work
so as not to be too badly rushed at the
last minute, and to allow ourselves
plenty of time to prepare our land and
get it in the best possible condition.
Our wheat and oat stubble was all
broken as soon as possible after the
grain had been cut, and all the land
not needed for vegetables immediately
sown down in cow peas. We shall
plant ufa8ages tusifp u Mart Sf IBl
land, also late beans and collards. The
land has been worked over several
times with a cutaway, smoothing har-
row and roller, and part of it re-
plowed. We re-plowed where the
ground broke up cloddy so as to make
sure that all the lumps were pulver-
ized and the seed-bed made fine
throughout. This re-plowing is rather
expensive business, but I am satisfied
it has paid us. At any rate things al-
ways grow off wonderfully well when
we prepare land this way and take ex-
tra pains to make it fine all the way
through.
I am quite aware that many of our
friends who live further south or near-
er the coast and have sandy land to
cultivate, instead of the red clay of the
Piedmont region may smile at so much
streBs being laid on the preparation of
a fine seed-bed; but clay, or any other
land which becomes lumpy, must be
fined before the plant-food contained
will become available for the use of
crops. But even it the soil is sandy
and never becomes at all lumpy even
when plowed wet, the owner of such
land will do well to plow and re-plow
and harrow thoroughly when fitting
his land for vegetables. The writer
spent eight years of his life in Florida
where he cultivated the sandiest kind
of sandy land, and knows whereof he
speaks. Such land needs to le well
worked down and free from trash, o1
any light substance which has a tend-
ency to make it loose and porous, for
in this condition it dries out too quick'
ly and loses in a measure its capillary
power to bring up moisture from the
subsoil.
This has lead a great many people
into the mistaken idea that humus will
not help to retain moisture in the soil;
when in reality the trouble is with the
condition in which the manure or hu-
mus is. Did you ever hear of any ill
effects from adding humus and manure
to a sandy soil by cow-penning' the
land? Is it not true rather, that such
land so treated~ produces better than in
any other way? And stands drouth
better? Here, we add humus, but we
do not add trash. The land is packed
down and the manure beaten fine and
packed into the soil. There is no straw
shaving in a half-rotten condition to
lighten the already too loose soil and










S- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


let in an excess of air. But the ma- that they can be used to any advan-
nure is very much like fine old well- tage. Having this equipment and the
rotted compost, and this manure com- necessary materials often means all
boiling with the sand improves its tex- th6 diffFlfes tWftW aB failtuiN &Sae S
ture and drouth-resisting qualities. If cess in protecting and saving his crop.
you must use coarse and unrotted ma- Other primary factors to success are,
nure on this land apply It as a top first to make sure that the insecticide
dressing on some field crop in the fall, materials are pure: second that they
or use it as a mulch. Do not put it are properly prepared: third, that they
under vegetables, be thoroughly applied and fourth that
Commercial fertilizers show wonder- the application be made at the earliest
ful results on thvse sandy ols; but i1im whhen rdertdations blTin
they should be complete manures and During the present season I have
contain a good per cent of both potash made extensive observations on the
and nitrogen. The cheap guano whose "sharpshooter" of cotton and am con-0
principal ingredient posphoric acid, vinced that this pest does as much real
and which can be used with good -injury to the crop as any other pest,
and which clanbe ed with good suee- the Mexican boll weevil not excepted.
cess on lay d d It is a leaf-hopper about half an inch
Most of the potash in this land is lock- long, having an alligator shaped head,
du of sand Y lug hvn an alliator shaped head,
ed u in small particles of sand. You wings reddish or brownish with white
may make some of it available by til- powdery spots on their centers. These
lage, for whenever you stir the soil spots rub off with age. It has the hab-
you bring new particles together, and it of going around to the opposite side
these act on each other chemically, of the stalk, much as a squrrel does
which tends to make plant food avail- around a tree, when you try to .ap-
able. An application of potash has, proach it and observe its habits. The
however, given marked results for me sharpshooter does not eat but has
on sandy land. Now while extra til- puncturing mouth parts with which it
-lage will give us more plant food, the punctures the stems of the squares or
main reason for it when preparing this the young and tender stems and sucks
kind of land, is to work it down so out the sap. Now, if a suitable sweet-
crops, these sandy lands as a rule ened poison is applied to the plant the
it will hold moisture. We can afford sharp shooter is attracted to it and
to apply plant food in the shape sips enough of it to produce death in
of manure and fertilizer on vegetable a short time after. The formula which
crops, these sandy lands as a rule has thus far given the best results is
show a deficiency of ammonia also, the following: Place two ounces of ar-
which is caused by the rapidity with senic in a gallon of water and boil un-
which all organic matter oxidizes or de- til dissolved, cool, then add one gal-
composes. In this way the nitrates are Ion of cane or sorghum molasses, mix
made available very rapidly, and un- well and pour into a barrel containing
less appropriated by growing plants from 45 to 50 gallons of water. Stir
will leach away into the subsoil. It is the whole mixture thoroughly and aD-
thaeofreon more tan ver ImIP lota ply this to the cotton treely, rithng
to keep something growing on sandy care to spray so as to reach the stems
soil But however yon fertilize and and branches as also the petioles of the
whatever the texture of your soil, pre- plants. In traveling around over the
pare it well. Your re-plowings, if plant the sharpshooter comes in con-
nothing more, will rid the land of any tact with this sweetened poison and
grass that is trying to make itself partakes of it freely. Cotton patches
known, and with thousands of weed under experiment this season have
seed which will be a great help when been entirely cleared of this pest by
fall planting arrives and the seedlings this treatment.
are beginning to show. The above formula for preparing the
Speaking of grass reminds me that poison is equally effective against the
a good many people make failures of ravages of the so-called careless weed
their fall gardens by turning under a worm, or web worm, which attacks
teir toflS rsUO w was wh pprg reari a1otton -vory early: it is also a certain
their land. I have done this myself, remedy against fie we11 linOW l af
hut I do not propose to do it again. It worm which comes later in the year.
wil not do to turn under green In localities where the grass hopper is
stwll n ot do to turn undweather green plentiful these will also be destroyed.
Ssou th e and and ender It I have found it best, however, in spray-
will sour the land and render it g n, ing for grasshoppers alone, to double
productive. Cut of everything green, the quantity of arsenic water and add
in the first place, before you plow, or a thin white wash made by using a
better still, plow before the green stuff half pound of lime in sufficient water
has had time to grow. Even then if to slack it. This addition of lime pre-
there remains a heavy green stubble or vents the scorching of the foliage
sod, is it advisable to make a light ap- which the free arsenic produces when
plication of quick lime immediately used in this strength.
after plowing, and work it in while The first named formula also affords
fitting the land, a week or two if pos- us a splendid remedy to apply against
sible before applying the fertilizer. the Mexican boll weevil of cotton and
Ther are so many things to take its use is advisable from that stand-
into conalderation if we winh t l pilat ~1010o, unoulaf It be in tih wesrll
successful with our garden, that it district. In fact, I know of no remedy
behooves us to be beforehand with our which is of such great general utility
preparations and obtain as many of in protecting the cotton against so
the right conditions as possible.-- many pests. I must urge its general
Southern Rurallst. use and introduction. It is cheaper than
* Paris green when used against the
Protetiang the Cotton Crop from In- leaf worm, at the same time destroys
seat Pests. the sharpshooter a pest which Paris
The following address was delivered green does not reach in the slightest
before the C6tton Grower's section of degree.
S11ato The best nparatus for aDDlying this
tha FIIUBW tl ongsoes, College Elation, solution is the AsplnwaH tour row
July 3 to 6, 1900, by Fred W. Mally, ol This machine pumps and
Professor of Entomology A. & M. Col- sprayer. This machine pumps and
Professor of Entomology A. & M. Colsprays automatically as it is drawn
lege. along the cotton rows. All that is
The first requisite for successful war- along the cotton rows. All that is
fare against any insect pest consists needed s a boy to at as
in having at command or easy access Domestc "umatra and Cuban" To-
the very best spraying outfits with baco.
which to apply any given insecticide
which the pest may require. Farmers The successful housing of apparently
by this time should have learned the the finest wrapper tobacco ever grown
great lesson that when any given pest in Gadsden county, Fla., and Decatur
has been very destructive one season county, Ga., marks an era in the pro-
it will be fully as much so the season duction of the finest domestic wrap-
following, unless natural causes inter- pVre. While the 1800 crop was the least
vene, In view of this it would seem remunerative on the whole ever grown,
that no farmer would be without prop- owing to the excessive drought and
er insecticide machinery any more than the great m Augstorm of Agust 1, 189
he would be without his other imple- which prostrated and tore into shreds
mets. Yet, good as may be his judg- a large percentage of the crop, this
mentr wisdom and foresight along other year's growth, although considerably
lines the average cotton farmer loeoI i, iB area, i elra wag aba flne and
al his cunning when it comes to hav- thin. The only drawback has been
ing proper spraying machinery and a that the low-lying crops have been
full line of insecticides ready and at drowned out by the excessive rains.
his command upon the first indication These rains have, however, incident-f


ly worked benefit, for they have proven 1N0 REMEDY EQUALS PERUNA,
that shading, now largely practiced, is 80 THE WOMEN ALL. SAY
beneficial--at least not harmful--even
In wet y.arn. Its smat I b ft !i S1 E
years had been demonstrated. The
frst cost of the shade is considerable,
$125 for split slats to $250 and more
per acre, but this cost is spread over
a number of years, being of the na-
ture of a permanent improvement.
Even if it had to be done yearly, the
coat is inafinifloant to a planting and
packing concerne whicM i said to have
produced and packed over $200 worth
of wrappers per acre, as one did last "
year.
This banner crop of 1899, with a few
others, through irrigation and shading
was harvested before the great blow
came. No one expected the "Septem-
ber storm" on the first of August.
Next to the former use of our domes-
tic wrappers as a "substitute" for Su-
matra, perhaps the greatest compli-
ment that has been paid it Is that our Uim Susan Wymar.
Agricultural Departments, Federal and
state, are trying to find out whether MiS 8usan Wymar, teacher in the
the Florida method of curing is appll- Richmond school, Chicago, Ill, writes
cable to the thick inferior wrappers the following letter to Dr. Hartman re.
produced in the north, where shading guarding Pe-ru-na. She says: "Only
is also being tried. Can the skill of the those who have suffered as I have, can
grower and packer overcome s0ll and know what a blessing It is to be able to
climate? find relief in Pe-ru-na. This has been
That the largest concerns of Georgiamy experience. A friend in need is
and Florida do not fear this is proven my experience. A friend in need io
by the fact that they have been stead- friend indeed, and every bottle of Pe-ru
ily increasing their investments, not na I ever bought proved a good friend
always a greater acreage, but also to me."-Susan Wymar.
plants having quality in view at any Mrs. Margaretha Danben, 1214 North
cost. Superior St., Racine City, Wie, writes:
This covers not only shading and Ir- '* I feel so well and good and happy now
rigation, but transportation. A. Cohn that pen cannot describe it. Pe-ru-na is
& Co. are building a railroad about everything to me. I have taken several
nine miles long, which is nearly com- bottles of Pe-ru-nafor female complainL
iuiicr io BaIlbridr jidhuiin = f1rsi i Im in thehaIBfe of life Ina itad4e me
their 10,000 acre plantation in Decatur good." Pe-ru-na has no equal in all of
county, Ga. the irregularities and emergencies pe-
But local packing is not necessary. the lega twe d
Mr. Upson, of Baldwinsville, N. Y,, has culiar to women caused by pelviG
bought or grown two crops in Decatur catarrh.
county and taken them from the farm- Address Dr. Hartman, Columbus, 0,
her's barns to his New York packing for a free book for women only.
house to be manipulated and baled.
But wherever it is done the now well- vidual exhibits, which required 16 to
known Florida method of sweating 20 points to get gold medal. Tn this
must be employed, contest Florida led, The Owl Commer-
If any group of pioneers ever de- cial company receiving twenty points
serve success and the patronage of the from each juror. I think this good for
trade. it is these growers and packers Florida aa we had both Cuba and
of uub a an d tf uainsa tobao in dio gs-iita & ~iti~ r, aiid alao Mei-
district in question. The writer knows ico. Florida got the grand prize-seven
from seventeen years of close personal gold and five silver medals. We cer-
experience in a small way, that ability tainly swept the field.
of the highest order and money with- Our exhibit was pronounced by all,
out stint have been poured into the bus- and especially the jury, as being the
iness. They richly deserve success; finest exhibit of leaf tobacco ever dis-
they deserve to make money-to re- played. People who have attended
plenish what they have lost in experi- many expositions say it surpasses any
meeting. They are entitled to the sym- exhibit of the kind they ever saw.
pathy of all smokers who enjoy and Of course the high score of excel-
can afford to smoke a good domestic lence awarded our Florida tobacco by
cigar, made of our Cuba filler and Su- impartial judges, and even Cuba and
matra wrappper.-T. B. Brooks in U. Sumatra, the most celebrated tobacco
S. Tobacco Journal. producing islands in the world, was
i(We can add to the above in regard very gratifying to Mr. Floyd and fully
to Florida grown tobacco that the to- Justify him in the sentence "I return
to toe, Unito D taton with flying
bacco display at the Paris Exposition colors."
made by the Owl Commercial company,
of Quincy, captured the gold medal Florida Display Wanted.
over the world. This places Gadsden Editor Plorida Agriculturist.
county growers of Sumatra and Cuba We would be specially glad if Florida
tobacco ahead of every other tobacco would accept a proposition *that we
make them to give us a Florida exhibit,
growing section in the world, including such an exhibit as they have aston-
the home of the Sumatra and Cuba, ished and delighted the people with in
Mr. Correy has reason to be proud of their travelling advertising cars and at
his county and her producta.-dd.) the rlars at various places in tlo north
4 and west. If you could stir up an in-
Florida Orown Tobacco Takes the terest in this matter through your ag-
World's Gold Medal. ricultural counties, you would enable
It is a well known fact that Gads- them to do some very effective cheap
den county produces magnificent crops advertising for the state of Florida, at
of tobacco and the constantly increas- the same time help out the Florida ex-
ing area planted and large sums of hibit immensely. Some of your people
money spent in shedding would indi- signified their intention of taking the
cate that it has been very profitable to matter up, and we know Florida well
those engaged in the industry. The enough to know that if you take hold of
following extract from a letter from the matter that it means a very credit-
Mr. M. Lawson Floyd, who is in charge able exhibit, and a united effort in this
of the tobacco eAhibition at the iario direction will bring about the results
Exposition appeared in the Quincy that the Florida people desire and that
New Era, tells of the wonderful walk we hope for. Very truly yours,
over the Florida grown tobacco had A. T. Moore, Mg'r.
over its compedtiors. Valadosta, Ga.
"I secured for the department of ag- C
riculture the grand prize for one col- 0 dTH DEIA
l imtY ti1okleoit TB hr t.v.y A Ioh lady, cured of her deafness and
lecptiYS ta t Tth s 9ent asssee as oB ngean dB Dr- Nidolasn'o
exhibit competed for grand prize. It Artiftcial Ear Drums, s ave t$1h,6 to bhe
required 21 to 25 points to get it. It Instftute. so that deaf people unable to
received the full vote of twenty-five procure the mar DrIm my ev the
free. Address lht. Tene New Trh In-
from each juror. Then came the lndi- stittte. 70 Ighth Avenue. New Y-ork









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. m2


inuapple Pointers.
Mr. 0. B. Thornton has completed
the work of pruning his peach trees,
and will erect a shed over his entire
orchard. This will be the first orchard
In this section to be under shed, and
the experiment will be watched with
considerable interest by Florida peach
growers.-Orlando Star.
The half-acre pinery of Drs. Person
and Harris, together with a small strip
of land adjoining, was sold a few days
ago by S. Y. Way, a local real estate
agent, to Mr. Polk, a Savannah man,
who is going into the pineapple busi-
Onss on a gMoo wfV i, The trade was
closed last Wednesday by Mr. Polk
putting up a forfeit of one hundred
dollars. This pinery, while small, 'is
a very pretty one, and it is understood
that Mr. Polk is very highly pleased
with his purchase.-Orlando Star.
W. A. Morrison is preparing to plant
an acre in pineapples on his place
down the bay, toward Ballast Point.
It has been determined that this pen-
insula is a splendid place for a pinery
and several are already growing, and
in course of planting. The peninsula
had been considered almost worthless
for years, but is now found to produce
pines all along the territory where the
land is high and dry.-Times Union
and Citizen.
The Butler & Martin Pinery Com-
pany Is about to betin the r~iiikloi of
a packing house between their pinery
and the Seaboard Air line track at Liv-
ingston, four miles from Orlando. It
will be used for the handling of their
fruit during the fall and winter. Oscar
Isaacson has the contract for the erec-
tion of a greenhouse on the place of
Mr. L. F. Domerick, at Maitland. The
building is to be 50x100 feet.-Times
Union & Citizen.
It is roughly estimated that there are
seventy-five acres planted in pineap-
ples in and around Orlando, exclusive
of the vacant acreage under shed,
which will probably aggregate fifty
acres. And it is estimated that about
$300,000 are invested in the pineapple
industry in this section. All these pin-
eries are under sheds, which require
Immense quantities of lumber and oth-
er materials to build. The total in-
come from this aggregate of pineries
under favorable conditions will be im-
mense and Orlando and Orange coun-
ty will have a larger volume of money
in circulation from this source.-Or-
lando Star.
4 .
Emnulaon for Harness.
California climate is a little hard on
harness unless it is well taken care of.
G. W. Tarleton, pioneer orchardist of
San Jose, several years ago discovered
by accident a very fine way of clean-
Ing and putting harness, in order,
says the Breeder and Sportsman. He
had been spraying with kerosene emul-
sion and by chance dropped some old
straps into his barrel where they re-
mained for some time, and on remov-
ing them was pleased to see how eas-
ily the dirt and grease came off, leav-
ing the leather clean and pliable.
While in this condition he applied
some harness oil and the pliability be-
came permanent. He gives the details
of his method which he has followed
ever since;
"Take one bar of good strong wash-
ing soap, dissolve in a quart of water
and bring to boiling. To this add one
pint of kerosene oil, and stir, beat and
churn the whole until it becomes into
a creamy emulsion. Have a tub of
warm water, into which mix the emul-
sion, and into this place the harness
and let it soak some time; then with
a stiff brush rub and brush thestraps
thoroughly and they will come clean
very easily. Let it dry a little until
dry on the outside and then apply the
harness oil. I use either neatsfoot or
fish oil, and I think the fish oil is just
as good. I mix about one-fifth kero-
sene into the oil and then give the
leather a good oiling. To make it
blaoel mix a little lamp blaor with the
kerosene and mix it with the oil. In
fixing leather carriage tops I find it
necessary to wash several times with
the emulsion to get it damp enough
to oil; then apply the oil as in harness.
I find old straps which had become so
brittle as to crack seriously when bent
ae retired to their original softness
and pulIUi bYi ttd SltmUet. If a


new harness is treated twice a year in
this way it will always keep soft and
in good order. I have some old harness
which I thought almost ruined restored
to good looks and service in this way,
and it ought to be generally known."
0**
The Protection Question.
Editor Florida Agriculturist,
Either in your paper or in a commu-
nication from you, you suggest some-
thing concerning tent materials. I
think you propose devoting one issue of
your paper to this subject. I sincerely
trust that it will materialize at an early
date I bought a number of Yarn's
tents for last winter's use and they
were a frank, flat failure. Mr. School-
ey who cares for my place at Higley
says that he must have pliable mate-
rial for the flaps of the tents.
It would have been better hid Varn's
tents never been treated. Now I want
to buy cloth for flaps and if I can get
it from you I shall be glad to do so. I
mean cloth treated as you treat it,
leaving it soft and pliable. Mr.
Schooley wrote me that the trees under
cover did not grow off this spring as
well as those trees which had no cover-
ing at all. He thought that perhaps the
trees were covered too closely. What
think you? As you did not tell us
about your tent last fall, I hope you
will now.
New Jersey, F, C. P,
We thought of issuing another special
Protection number, but we have gone
over the ground so thoroughly that to
issue another number would simply be
a repitition of what we have said al-
ready. In the edition of August Ist we
gave further instructions and the illus-
tration of our tent. The trouble with
the trees is that they were covered too
closely. The opening in one side is not
sufficient for a tree that remains under
a tent very long. The tent should be
made so that the trees will get all of the
benefit of the cold weather up to the
danger point, when the curtains can be
dropped and the heat applied. Our
trees that we protected, started early
and made a growth of over a foot in
length before the tents were removed.
If you will examine the illustration on
page 474 of the Agriculturist of Au-
gust Igoo you will understand how the
tent is constructed so as to give free
circulation of the air and yet be in a
position to protect the trees on notice
of approaching cold.
Beat Ever Used.
San Antonio, Fla., Sept. 19, 1899.
Messrs. E. O. Painter & Co.,
Jacksonville, Fla,
Gentlemen:-Your letter of the 10th
just received. I have used your fer-
tilizer on my peach grove and take
pleasure in saying it is the best fertil-
izer I have used during the thirteen
years I have lived in Florida. I will
order more soon. Yours truly,
Frank Bumann.
4 .
REWARD OF $100.
The reader of this paper will be pleas-
ed to learn that there is at least one
dreaded disease that science has not
been able to cure in all its stages and
that is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure
is the only positive cure now known
to the medical fraternity. Catarrh
being a constitutional disease, requires
a constitutional treatment. Hall's Ca-
tarrrh Cure is taken internally, acting
directly upon the blood and mucous
surfaces of the system, thereby de-
stroying the foundation of the disease,
and giving the patient strength by
building up the constitution and assist-
ing nature in doing its work. The pro-
prietors have so much faith in its cur-
ative powers, that they offer One
Hundred Dollars for any case that
it fails to cure. Send for list of testi-
monials.
Address, F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo,
Ohio.
Sold by all druggists, 75c.
NAIls ramlly Pllsn alm t noar.


POTASH

phosphoric acid and nitrogen, are the
three ingredients which make up a comn
plete fertilizer. Neither one of them can
replace the other, nor can the excess
I of one replaee the deficiency of the
other. Crop failures are often due to
such a. deficiency of Potash, in the
fertilizer applied.

Farmers can get much useful Information about he use of fer-

tiltk rsa and Potash by sending for our free, illustrated books.

GERMAN KALI WORKS, 93 NaAsu Street, New York





Corn, Hay, Oats,

And all kinds of Feed Stuff at Pock Bottom Prices.

Oats, 125 pound White Clipped $1.51

Oats, 125 pound Mixed, 1.45

Corn, II0 pound Mixed, 1.22


Bran, pure, in hundred pound sacks

Hay, Number I, -
All F. O. B. Cars Jacksonville.


.95

- 88


Realizing that many people are so located that they have
not access to first class feed stores that keep a fresh stock of
feed stuff on hand we have arranged to fill small orders at but
a small advance over large lots,-large lots at bottom prices.
No orders filled except where accompanied by.the cash. Pri-
ces good for 15 days. If prices go lower you get the benefit.

Florida Grain & Feed Co.,

Lock Box 464, Jacksonville, Fla.
This firm will fill all orders as advertised E.O. Painter & Co.

FOR SUMMER AND FALL
S__ PLANTING.
THE GRIFFIN BROTHER'S CO.,
JSEED r movile. Fla.
THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets, Matchless Tomato, Valentine and Refugee Beans, etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Summer and fall catalogue free upon
application. Address
plants, fancy poultry, etc. Orange THE ORIFFING BROTHER'S CO.,
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... I acksomvile, Fla.

MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.
hm9W W39W9 Pter Sererie.
-To make close connec-
Floride tions with steamers leave
New YorIk Jacksonville (Union de-
New Yorpot) Thursdays 8:15 a. m.
P hP t 1-0. P. By.)or Pernan-
pina 1:30 p. m., via Cum-
delphia & berd steamer; meals
de an rote, or "all rail" ia
Plant system at 7:p. m.,
Boston ar. BrunswlPt l:a p. m.
missenseI on arrlva rgo-


From Brunswick direct to ung directly aboard tea
New York.I er.
rigiP39Vnn re.m~ rfor Aug-. 1Ioo.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWIC LA DIRECT TO NW YORL LEAVING EVERY
FRK#MG-IDAY &S FOLLOWS:


SS. IO GRANDE.... .... ........ .. .. ............Aug.
S. S. COLORADO ............................. ............ Aug. 10
8. 8. SAN MARCOS.. .. ................ ..................Aug. 17
For lowest rates, reservations and full information apply to
BASIL GIIL,
220 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville,Fla
T. I. Rla nond. Agent. Fernandlia. Fla.
SH, Ulrty A& .0, a T Jags14U, IA 1 0 .- Maw Trap.


I










- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


^.. .* '....- I-1 SflMPAl EXTT.
All commilications or enquiries for this de
apartment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.

Editor Fertilizer Department.
I am told that there are bird guano
deposits on the west coast and that
a number of people in the Clear Water
Harbor section are utilizing these de-
posits and not having to buy ammon-
lated fertilizers. I have also under-
that these guano depots are worth-
less except in rainless sections. Can
you give me the extent of these de-
posits, that is if they exist. F. 0. B.
There are no natural bird guano de-
posits on the west coast. Possibly
what you have reference to is the fact
that the people living in the Clear
Water Harbor section, have erected
platforms about a foot above high wat-
er mark at different points up and
down the harbor. These furnish a
resting place for flocks of water birds
that have no other feeding ground than
the harbor. The deposits are gath-
ered up once or twice per week and are
sold as guano or mixed with chemicals
to make complete manures. This is the
only guano deposits that we know any-
thing about on the west coast.

Editor Pertilizer Department,
My garden land is salty blaek much,
Things have a tendency to grow too
much to vines and not enough fruit.
take tomatoes for instance, we make
our lines six feet apart and when the
time comes for picking, you can hard-
ly see where the path is the growth is
so dense, but there is not the fruit on
them they should bear. I want less
vines and more fruit. The land will
grow fine vines without fertilizing. If
you think you can make a formula-to
suit my land I would esteem it a great
favor. The farmers here have tried
almost all kinds, but they have not
struck the right one yet. If you could
supply me with a fertilizer that will
suit our requirements it would be a big
advertisement for you. C. W. R.
Delray.
Your land evidently is devoid of pot-
ash and phosphoric acid in such shape
as the plants can consume it. We
would therefore suggest the following
formula:
1000 pounds phosphate,
400 pounds H. G. potash.
This will give a fertilizer that will
analyze 11 to 12 per cent available
phosphoric acid and 10 to 12 per cent
potash. It will cost you $21.65 per ton,
f. o. b. Jacksonville.

Editor Fertilizer Department.
Will you please tell me what Castor
Pomace is and how it affects the soil?
Hypoluxo.. R. B.
Castor Pomace is the residue or meal
left after extracting castor oil from the
castor bean. It is manufactured in
the same manner as cotton seed meal.
The action of castor pomace is to fur-
nish ammonia, similar to that of cot-
ton seed meal and is about three dol-
lars per ton cheaper. Aside from its
fertilizing value, It is also an insecti-
cide to the extent that it is death to
anything that will eat it. Pineries
that have been fertilized with ceastor
pomace are not troubled with moles.
It should be kept from fowls or ani-
mals as it is also death to them. It
contains the following analysis:
Ammonia ............8 to 9 Der cent
Potash.. ..........1 to 2 per cent
Phosphoric acid...... 3 to 4 per cent
Editor Fertilizer Department.
My'grove is looking alright but does
not bear, and what fruit does come,
falls off. What can I use to make it
fruit after cowpenning? How much
pulverized potash is used to the bear-
ing tree? D. H. S.
Zolfo.
The trouble with your grove is, that
ye9 have been feeding it with a one-


sided fertilizer. The cowpenning sup-
plies an abundance of ammonia, but
very little potash or phosphoric acid.
Discontinue your cowpenning and use
low grade potash and dissolved bone-
black at the rate of 1000 pounds of
bone-black to 1000 pounds of low grade
potash, using about twenty pounds to
the tree. The mixture would cost you
$28.75 f. o. b. Jacksonville. When you
apply this mixture, do not plow; work
it in with an Acme harrow. Discon-
tinue all fertilizing and let the grove
severely alone for a time. In the
spring if your trees still have the rank
green look, add another application of
ths same fertilizer. Let the weeds and
grass grow and mow them when they
let too high and let them lie as a mulch
on the ground. When your trees show
signs of the ammonia being used up,
which you will notice by the leaves
turning paler green, then use some
well balanced orange tree fertilizer,
like Smon Pure, No. 1. If you follow
this plan you will get good crops of
fruit.

Editor Fertilizer Department.
I am a beginner in orange tree cul-
ture. I wish a little information and
have been directed to you for advise.
My trees are all seedlings about four
years old, some few have bloomed this
year. I wish to know what fertilizer
to use, how often, and how much per
tree? Is nitrate soda a good fertilizer
used alone? Do you believe cotton
seed meal preferable to other fertil-
izers? J. J. C.
Tarpon Springs, Fla.
If your trees are only four years old,
they are evidently not old enough to
hold very much of a crop, so that you
require a fertilizer containing 4 to 5
per cent ammonia, about 6 to 8 per
cent potash, and 6 to 7 per cent phos-
phoric acid. Give your trees ten to
fifteen pounds of this mixture twice a
year and cultivate liberally. When
your trees reach bearing size, change
your fertilizer to one containing not
lessthan twelve per cent potash. Dis-
continue your cultivation to a very
large extent and keep your soil
mulched, let the weeds and grass grow
and mow them down and let them lie
on the ground.
Cotton seed meal is used to some ex-
tent as an orange tree fertilizer but
should not be used without the addi-
tion of potash. Those who raise nice
fruit, discarded the use of cotton seed
meal many years ago. It makes a soft
growth that is very susceptible to scale
and other insects. Nitrate of soda
alone would do the same thing.

Editor Fertilizer Department.
I am clearing a piece of pure muck
land for cropping this fall, and as It
will no doubt be sour, I want to use
something to sweeten it. Will you
please inform me what I shall use, and
how much, and how long before plant-
ing? I could use hardwood ashes but
do not know how much to apply, be-
sides they are $16 per ton, or say 14
cents per pound for potash. Would
not a high grade potash at 2 3-4 cents
do as well and be cheaper. If so
how much per acre? L. D. H.
Bartow.
The quickest and cheapest way to
sweeten your land is to scatter, broad-
cast, at the earliest opportunity, a ton
or a ton and a half of lime. Turn this
under and let it remain two or three
weeks or longer if you can, then cross
plow if your muck land will permit it.
Ashes are applied the same as lime to
neutralize the acid in the soil. The
cost of potash in ashes is very dear
and can be had much cheaper in either
high-grade or low grade potash. The
beneficial results of ashes are from its
sweetening properties and not from the


amount of potash. If you use ashes,
you will require one to two tons,
but if you use lime, 400 pounds of high
grade potash will supply as much pot-
ash as two tons of ashes.
Editor Frerqtfor Department.
Does it cost anything to get informa-
tion through your fertilizer depart-
ment in regard to fertilizer? W. C. P.
All inquiries are answered- without
charge through the columns of the Ag-
riculturist, whether in the fertilizer
department or through the other de-
parments. Any information that is of
a general character and which is likely
to interest subscribers is given freely
and gladly and we hope all of our sub-
scribers will bear this in mind.

Editor Fertilizer Department.
Last year I raised a magnificent crop
of egg-plant with Simon Pure fertil-
izer. It was on new land and I was
but little troubled with the blight that
usually hampers the egg-plant growers.
My neighbors on old land were trou-
bled with it. They held it in check by
the use of Bordeaux mixture. Will
you please give me the formula for
making Bordeaux mixture and advise
me as to whether it can be kept any
length of time or not. J. R. F.
The formula for making Bordeaux
Mixture is as follows:
Sulphate copper (bulestone) .... 5 lb
Quick lime .................... 5 b
Water .. .......... .... 50 gallons
The following method of preparing
Bordeaux mixture is given by the New
Jersey Experiment station, which also
covers your query regarding the stock
solution.
"To dissolve the sulphate of copper,
it should be put in a bag of some
coarse material and suspended so as
to dip into the water not more than
two or three inches. When so sus-
pended many pounds of the substance
will dissolve in a few hours without
further trouble while if a like amount
be simply dropped into the water the
crystals Will at once go to the bottom,
and unless stirred long and vigorously
except in boiling water, it will require
days for all to completely dissolve.
One gallon of water to each pound of
bluestone is sufficient.
At this station the spraying is done
with a knapsack pump holding five gal-
lons, and the last mentioned method
gives entire satisfaction, the last gallon
pumped from the tank being apparent-
ly of the same consistency as that of
the first. On the other hand, when the
mixture dfoe not remain in suspension
that which is first applied will be con-
centrated to such a degree as to be
harmful to many plants, while the re-
mainder being greatly reduced will be
much' less effective as a fungicide than
the Bordeaux of the desired strength.
In addition the small amount of cop-
per from a much diluted solution
sprayed upon a leaf is more rapidly
washed off by the rain than the larg-
er amount would be from a mixture
of normal strength.
The composition of the Bordeaux
mixture is said to undergo certain
chemical changes when allowed to
stand more than twenty-four hours
and its use after that length of time
has not been recommended. In an at.
tempt made the past season to test the
fungicidal value of the "old" Bordeaux
the results, though not conclusive,
were such as lead us to question the
above theory.
It will be found most convenient,
especially when five pounds or more
are to be dissolved, to suspend the
bluestone in water over night, as above
directed. The process of solution may
be greatly hastened by the use of hot
water, which is often more convenient
when small quantities of Bordeaux
are to be prepared at once, but if sev-
eral hours are allowed cold water will
answer equally well. Only wooden or
copper vessles should be used to con-
tain either the copper sulphate solu-
tion or the prepared Bordeaux.
The slacked lime should be diluted
to a thin white-wash and strained
through coarse sacking, after which
pour slowly into the copper sul-
phate solution-never the reverse-


the latter being thoroughly stirred at
the same time. It has been found
the Bordeaux mixture remains in sus-
pension much longer if the two constit-
uents, copper sulphate and lime, are
each diluted to one half or one fourth
the volume of the prepared Bordeaux
wnon ready for use, Instoao of mixing
the two in a more concentrated form
and diluting afterwards. For example,
if it is desired to make 50 gallons of
Bordeaux, dilute the copper sulphate
solution and the milk of lime each to
25 gallons; the two when combined,
will be ready for use without further
addition of water. Instead of diluting
the two constituents to 25 gallons each,
it may be found more convenient to
dilute each to half that quantity, or
12.5 gallons, and after mixing the two,
add 25 gallons of water.
4 *
The Bight Sort of Manure Heap.
Horse manure may be fully exposed
for six or eight months, if piled two to
four feet deep, with the edges nearly
perpendicular if properly cared for. It
may deteriorate as fast or faster dur-
ing the summer In a covered shed.
Horse manure-by which is under-
stood the solid and liquid droppings,
mixed with more or less straw or other
similar absorbantS-is quite porous,
contains considerable quantities of po-
tential ntrogen, and hence heats and
ferments very rapidly. In doing this,
a large portion of the nitrogenous com-
pounds may be driven off if no pains
are taken to arrest them. One of the
following methods, or better, all three
of them, may be dued to arrtet the 6e-
cape of these compounds while the
manure is bing broken down and its
constituents made more readily
available. If the manure Is solidified
or tramped, too rapid fermentation
may in part be arrested. Adding water
to the pile also serves to keep the mass
cool and drive out the air, in the ab-
sence of which fermentation goes on
slowly. And third, absorbants, such
as muck, soil, earth or gypsum may be
used to absorb the escaping gases.
Since horse manure is too dry for best
results, the urine should all be added,
and usually in addition water should
be added to the heap until it begins
to ooze out a little around the small
trenches at the base of the pile. What-
ever oozes out, and there should be
some, should be thrown on top of the
pile with a scoop shoveL As the pile
is formed, some earth should be sprin-
kled through it, and water added as
the judgment dictates. Finally, earth
may be used to the depth of two or
three inches, to arrest and absorb the
gases. It fermentation tends to go on
too rapidly, add a quart of salt for each
load and put on more water.-Prof. I
P. Roberts In Country Gentleman.

Exactly as Advertised.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonille, Fla.:
Mr. Thorington (C. B.) of this place
says that you fill orders exactly as ad-
vertised. I therefore give you this, my
first order, enclosing check for same,
and request that you ship me same by
freight at once. Very respectfully,
MARTIN E. THEW.
Orlando, Fla., June 4, 1900.

BI-SULPHIDE OF CARBON.
for use In granaries to kill weevil, to de-
stroy rats and gophers and to keep in-
sects from the seed. etc.
o2 CENTS PER POUND,
put up in ten and fifteen pound cans.
Fifteen cents extra for the cans.
E. 0. PAINTER A CO., JacsonvUfle.

$2.75 BOX RAIN COAT
r suMLO MAD O. OMYEYI
SE D NO MONEY. CB SI do "-
rtrr~rY 1-r~ "d~ e


1-r










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 52


FLORAIl DBPAMXYENT.
BY W. C. SrTELE,
SWITZERLAND, FLORIDA

Where are They.
We have quite a number of contribu-
tors on our list who have promised to
furnish articles for this department
But for weeks now we have had very
little help. Some have sent nothing for
months. Are the sick dead or moved to
parts unknown? It is hot summer
weather but writing is about as cool
work as any: There ought to be plenty
of flowering and ornamental plants to
be described among our many readers.
Cannot you sit down and tell us about
some one or more that have done well
or failed. Accounts of failures are as
instructive as those of success.
Do not excuse yourself by thinking
there will be plenty of others to write.
It is you we want to hear from. Instead
of saying, now don't all speak at once,"
we will say, do all write at once, NOW.
C *
ilkanmia Scandens.
This is a native climbing vine found in
wet lands, in cypress ponds through the
"flatwoods" and along the borders of
the streams. The stems are herbaceous,
that is they die down each fall and
spring up anew in the spring. Being a
native of Florida of course it is hardy.
Being found in ponds and wet places it
cannot be drowned, and yet, like many
of these semi-aquatic plants it will thrive
on high, dry land. It is a very strong,
vigorous grower, and will, when it be-
comes well established,' speedily cover
any desired space.
Tie lerivsa ui S;alisiat *Vwoy, light
green in color, somewhat arrow shaped
and look very much like those of the
common annual, Thunbergia.
The Mikania belongs to the family of
Compositae, the family that produces
the Dahlia Aster, Daisy and many of
our most common and yet most valu-
able cultivated flowers. The heads are
very small, each containing only four
florets, but the heads are borne in large
clusters or corymbs an inch or more in
diameter- The corolla of the individu-

and each bearing a set of dark brown
stamens giving the whole a curious dot-
ted pepper and salt appearance.
The flowers are slightly fragrant, but
the odor is so delicate that few would
notice it.
The plant is a desirable one for culti-
vation, especially where a summer
screen is wanted.
C
I mlandra Macrantha.
This is another instance of the re-
introduction of an old plant under a new
name. It was brought from South Amer-
ica more than fifty years ago, but does
not seem to have become generally pop-
ular.
John Sauls, of Washington, still kept
Ut ;. hba esttlocte tni to ten eern-c -aco.
Reasoner Bros. have kept it in iheirT
list under the original name. Within a
few years it has been taken up and push
ed by several florists under the name of
Pleroma splendens. Though highly
praised the claims made for it are not
greatly exaggerated. The flowers are
dark velvet purple in color from two
to three inches in diameter. The sta-
mens and pistils are of the same dark
rich color. Their appearance is very pe-
culiar, a gentleman in trying to de-
scribe the flower to us said they looked
like a large spider lying flat on its back
with its long legs kicking in the air.
A small plant with a few of these blos-
soms on it is very handsome but a large


well grown specimen covered with blos-
some must be beautiful beyond de-
scription. The roots are hardy at Ie-
Land, having survived the winters in
Mr. Painter's grounds for many years.
The leaves are large and very velvety
in appearance and the plant would be
quite ornamental if it never bloomed.
The combination of handsome leaves,
beautiful flowers and a hardy root that
will live out of doors make up a de-
scription that ought to win it a place in
every door-yard.
C C.
Talinum Patens Variegata.
This plant is a very ornamental green
house shrub. As commonly grown the
stems seem so succulent that very few
would think of calling it a shrub yet an
old plant comes to have a very hard
woody body showing that in natural con
editions it is a shrub. Yet it is also a
succulent and the leaves are very thick
and fleshy. The plant is a near relative
of the Portulacca and will endure lots
of heat and drouth but is very impatient
of overwatering and wet feet.
The foliage is beautifully variegated
with white, many of the younger leaves
being almost all white. The stems of
the young growth are pink and often
this pink tinge extends to the new
growth of leaves. The plants bloom
freely sending up tall sprangly shoots
bearing small light pink flowers which
are followed by small yellow capsules
filled with an indefinite number of little
brown seeds. To make the best show
of foliage these flower shoots should be
cut off as soon as they appear.
This plant is offered by some florists
under the name of Baseiia variegata.
How such a mistake could have been
made we do not understand. Base-
Ilas belong to the family of Basella-
ceae which is a sub-family of the Cheno-
podiaceae. This family of plants only
bears one seed to the blossom while the
Portulacaceae, to which Talinum be-
longs, bears a pod filled with numerous
small seeds.
This Talinum is a very satisfactory
house plant and a fine border plant
lniivali the l mer-

Propagation of ex Begonias From
Leaves.
In Success With Flowers we find an
interesting article on this subject. Like
all floral articles written for northern
papers its directions would need some
modification to adapt them to the con-
ditions of Florida. For example do not
set your cuttings in a sunny window in
summer time. We have best success
with Begonia cuttings and plants when
screened almost entirely from the di-
rect rays of the sun. Begonia leaves
cut as described will also root quite
quickly in a bottle of soft water. It is a
very strange fact that many cuttings
which will oftener rot than root when

and qflickly il clear Sott water., in riolr
ing Begonia cuttings and especially in
potting after they are rooted beware of
overwater or they will rot off before
you are aware of it.
The varieties of the Rex section of the
Begonia tribe are desirable additions to
our decorative plants. They are of rap-
id growth and easy culture, and, ii well
cared for, soon form magnificent spec-
imens. They are not seen in the col-
lections of the amateurs as often as they
would be if they were not so chary of
shoots or branches that might be used
as cuttings.
But this variety can be readily propa-
gated from the leaves. Few plants may
be as readily reproduced by this meth-
od. The plant forms a creeping stem,
from which, if allowed to rest upon the


soil, roots form along its full length.
Grown from a leaf the footstalk of the
leaf becomes the stalk or the stem of
the new plant, unless, as is occasionally
the case, the new growth starts from the
bottom, but this it seldom does.
Well grown leaves must be used. If a
small undeveloped leaf is taken, the leaf
itself may grow for a time, and the re-
sult is either complete failure of repro-
duction, or a weak, sickly plant with but
little vitality. The footstalk of the leaf
should be well developed, not a slender
one, and should be from three to four
inches in length.
Insert the footstalk to a depth of one
inch and a half or two inches in wet
sand, or any mellow, sandy soil, not rich
soil or it may cause the stem to decay
before growth can begin. Press the soil
closely about stem and keep it moist.
Set it a sunny window screened from
the midday sun only, and treat it as a
cutting.
The new leaves will either push up
through the soil from the root or they
will break from the substance of the
leaf in a circle around the upper end or
top of the footstalk.
A more interesting method, because
the development of roots may be watch-
ed, and one that is more generally suc-
cessful besides insuring growth from the
top instead of from the bottom of the
stalk, is to insert it in water instead of
soil. Put it in a bottle having a wide
mouth, so that the delicate roots may
not be injured when it is removed, and
press a bit of cotton batting into the
mouth of the bottle around the stem of
the leaf to hold it steady, and prevent
excessive evaporation of the water.
Keep itin a sunny window until roots
and leaves appear, which will be in from
three to six weeks; thet pot it in mel-
low, sandy soil and shade from the sun
for a few days until it is fully establish-
ed. It sometimes occurs that roots are
slow in starting, but there is hope of
growth so long as the portion of leaf
around the stem remain fresh and
In propagating by this method the
substance of the leaf is not to be cut
away or removed until the new plant is
growing well. Use the entire leaf. Some
times plants that have become root-
bound-or where leaf stalk or roots
have started from the same point of
stem-exhibit this peculiar growth of
leaves into plants. A circle of small
leaves will start in the center of the
leaf, around the foot stalk, and when
several such occur, it gives the plant a
decided odd appearance.
Rex Begonias require good drainage,
plenty of moisture and moderately rich
sJil atfdte4 1ant(1 n nt cma in contract
wi th the leaves, as it causes laek and
rusty spots. Should drops of water fall
upon them they may be removed by
touching them with blotting paper.
This does not mean that no water must
touch them, but only that water must
not stand upon in drops upon portions
of the leaves-especially if the sun is on
the plant.
When the plant is dusty and it is nec-
essary to cleanse it, the leaves may be
sprayed carefully, but as the leaves are
heavy and the stems brittle, it is best to
spray but one at a time; then each may
be supported by the hand. When all are
done set the plant in the shade in a mod-
erately warm room until all the leaves
are dry.
An ideal spot for Begonias is a porch
or window having eastern exposure,
where the plants will have abundance of
light and a few hours of morning sun
every day.
rdges, ii siof-n5 a Iaidsf iiii ii6 i r, riiirir
in the soil or the atmosphere.
Bulb Beds.
Editor Floral Department.
September is not far off. Are you
getting beds ready for buds? Do not
put it off too long; get them ready now
and send for your bulbs.
Do not make the soil too rich, and if
manure is used it must be old, old, or it
will cause the bulbs to decay, or they
may grow too rank and not give much
bloom.
The best soil for a bulb bed is a rich
sandy soil, leaf mould mixed with it, and
if manure is used let it be old and well
pulverized.
Now we will suppose the bed is made;
here are the bulbs; plant them twelve or
fourteen inches apart, five inches deep.


3IIUAt years
older than you are?
Yet it's impossible to
look young with the
color of 70 years in
the hair. It's sad to
see young persons
look prematurely old
in this way. Sad be-
cause it's all unneces-
sary; for gray hair
may always be re-







S For over half a en
by us-
Ingg -

FOrover half a cen-
tury this has been the
standard hair prepara-
tion. It is an elegant
dressing; stops fall-
ing of the hair; make
the hair grow; and
cleanses the scalp
from dandruff.
i.eO0abettle. Aldragrists.
u"I have been using Ayer's Hair
Vigor for over 20 years and I can
heartily recommend it to the public
as the best hir tonic in existence "
Mrs. G. ALnnaon,
Aprll s, 1n. E tor, Tex.
If you do ni ertia n the ben sl
O tedf nm the V.o-, write
S D. J.0. 0 AY,
l areL ss.



I have great faith in the frame sys-
tem, and my bulbs are all planted in a
frame. Our winters are so dry some-
times, and this frame helps in the mois-
ture. My amaryllis are all in a frame
three dozen bulbs of the Johnsonnie
alone-and what a sight they are when
in bloom. The Fairy lilies have been
blooming some time.
I have had no success with the Au-
ratums, but Tiger and Easter lilies I
never fail to get bloom from.
Gypsy.
Manatee county.
0 S
Well (Pleased.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonrille, Fla.:
Dear Sirs.-Some time ago I order-
ed three tons of your "Simon Pure"
Fert;ili er ~ent to efflner. ila. Will saN

the fertilizer. I want to use three tons
more this month. T. J. BAKER.
Thonotosassa, Fla., July 1900oo.

Splendid stock of Citrus trees on
rough lemon roots, and also on sour or-
ange and trifollata.
s Enormous collection
and stock of other
/ rult trees, Economic
la n t s, Bamboos
6'\ 'alms Ferns Coni-
fers and Miscellane-
Sous ornamentals. 17
4s s year. Most extensive
collection of plants and trees In the
Lower South. Send for large elegant
catalogue.
REASONER BROS.
Oneco, Fla.


-r~b~
-i .3.1L










-- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


I A GBIC I T T sided over by one who has had long ex-
L I I A ULTlJ perience in this business, and who is
able tq give valuable information to
Entered at the postofcee at DeLand, Flor- our* readers, that has been gathered
ida, as second cla matter from years of practical experience. The
fertilizer question is one of the greatest
E. PAINTER & CO., interest to our truck and fruit grow-
Publishers and Proprie ers, and here they will have served up
each week, information that will be
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to worth many times the cost of the p
the development of Florida and the best In- worth many times the cost of the pa.
terests of her people. per. One new subscriber recently wrote
"Your issue of August 1st was worth
TE FLORID SOCIATION- to me many times the cost of the pa-
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
AmHiated with the per."
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION. The Floral Department is presided
TERover by a gentleman who has made a
One yarsingie bl ipon............... 00 life study of plant life and especially
Six mo sine becription........... LOO that relating to beautifying the home.
Single copy............................. .0There is nothing so attractive as a well
ADVERTISING RATES. kept home and there is nothing that
Rates for advertising furnished on applica- adds so much to its attractiveness as
tion by letter or peson. beautiful shrubs, a well kept lawn and
TO CORRESPONDENTS. pretty flower beds. A door yard with-
Articles relating to any toic within the out plants and flowers is almost as
cope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu- barren as a home without children. To
it unless atamps are enclosed.
communications for intended publication make the home happy and its surround-
must be accompanied with real name, as a ings attractive it should be surrounded
runton will be re an ou con- with beautiful plants and shrubs, and
Moey should be nt by Draft, Postoffice the children taught to love and care
Money Order on DeLand or Registered Let- for them. It is the purpose of this
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
onible in case of los. When personal department to furnish information
shek as useMd ashlass N t bh added, along this line and to encoura-g the
Only I and I Cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had. love of all that is beautiful and good
To insure insertion, all advertisements for in t if
this paper must be received by 10 o'clock in plant life.
Monday morning of each week. Besides the array of particular infor-
SubsrMlib when writing to have the ad-
drel f their paper changed MUST give the nation that we propose giving our
old as well as the new address, readers each week, we are now offer-


WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 29, 1900.

Sample Copies.
This week we send out in the neigh-
borhood 'of 7000 extra copies of the
Agriculturist to the vegetable and fruit
growers of Florida, and we trust that
each one receiving a copy will take the
trouble to read the paper and consid-
er the question as to whether or not it
would be to his advantage to become a
subscriber. To many this one issue
alone will be worth the price of the
whole year's subscription, in fact we
try to make each number so valuable
that they should be kept on file for
reference.
Besides treating of general matters
that Soe of interest to the fruit and
vegetable grower, and the farmer, we
have several departments which are
set apart to especially consider sub-
jects that come under their respective
heads.
Our IvelT f Rua, Ba1U a afp temuQ
should be invaluable to any one rais-
ing poultry either for home use or for
sale, whether common breeds are rais-
ed or Improved stock. The Hare busi-
ness is new in Florida and all informa-
tion of a practical nature is invaluable
to the beginner. In each number, we
try to give something of interest in the
way of treatment and cure for diseases
and general experiences that will
be of value to those interested in this
line.
Our household department is one
that all of the ladies should be interes-
ted in. It is claimed by the women
folks, that Florida Is unusually trying
to the housekeeper, and 'yet there is
nothing more conducive to the happi-
ness and health than a well kept house-
hold. From week to week we will give
articles from experienced writers that
will be invaluable, especially to new
comers. We will give recipes that will
enable the housewife to prepare many
simple dishes that will add to the at-
triatiTvBnagM ber table. In other
words, we hope to make this depart-
ment invaluable to the ladies.
The Pertiliser Department is pre-


ing new inducements to increase our
list. We call your attention first to
the advertisement on the last page of
the Agriculturist in which each new
subscriber is entitled to a chance to
secure a ton of fertilizer for $2.00.
Read the advertisement over carefully
and you will understand the proposi-
tion thoroughly. To those who do not
wish to take a chance for a ton of fer-
tilizer we offer other premiums. To
those who prefer it, for a new habmi
sent us accompanied with $2.00, we
will send an open face Ingersoll watch
that is fully guaranteed for one year.
These watches will be equal in ser-
vice to one costing many times the
amount and are just the thing to wear
in the garden or grove. There is not a
boy in Florida but would be made hap-
py by having one of these beautiful
watches to wear. Do not forget that
you get the watch and a year's sub-
scription to the Agriculturist for $2.00.
allould a copy of the Agrlculturlat
fall into the hands of one who is not
interested in the different subjects
treated by the paper, we hope they
will have the kindness to give same to
some one who is interested. By so do-
ing, you will not only help us, but be
the means of doing your neighbor a
good turn.

Castor Beans.
If there is anyone crop that Florida
needs more than another, it is a crop
that does not have to be marketed with-
in a given length of time, and one that
can be turned into cash at a remuner-
ative figure. It should be something
that can either be grown and sent out
bf the state, or that can be manufac-
tured into a salable product within the
state. With the present money crops
they have to be harvested and sent to
market within a certain length of time,
or the whole is lost, which in many
cases means the loss of the year's la-
bor and waiting.
IM taYsliHi YrTPF the atntr: thr writ-
er has seen at different points, the cas-
tor bean growing in great luxuriance,
full of seed pods and apparently revel-


ling in the climatic and soil conditions.
We have often wondered why the cas-
tor bean could not be made a paying
crop, as the bean can usually find a
ready sale at from $1.00 to $1.25 per
bushel, and are imported from South
America to fill the shortage of the crop
produced in this country. Recently
while on a trip down the east coast we
saw castor beans in old pineapple
fields that were "young trees" full of
spikes and every spike full of well de-
veloped seed. We examined these par-
ticularly as we had in mind at the time
the possible development of this indus-
try.
If the bean will grow and thrive so
luxuriantly without any care it seems
that when planted on the old pineapple
field, a good crop could reasonably
be expected with but a small out-
lay. One desirable feature being that
the crop could be gathered and housed
until the best market price was offered.
We are aware that an experiment with
castor beans was tried at Orlando sev-
eral years ago, which had at first the
appearance of proving a success, but
owing to the fact that a severe late
frost killed the plants the experiment
was abandoned. Notwithstanding these
failures, we believe that the castor
bean can be made a profitable crop in
the state. We believe that if the farm-
ers would experiment with a half acre
or an acre for a year or two, and then
gradually increase the acreage as they
became acquainted with the best meth-
ods of handling and the manner of
planting, that it would gradually grow
into a new industry that would bring
many thousands of dollars into the
state.
If this was done, a castor oil mill
would be erected at Jacksonville or
some other convenient point which
would convert the seed into oil and the
residue into fertilizer, thus keeping in
the state nearly all the money there is
in the business. As It Is, castor bean
seed is shipped from the west and from
South America to New York and there
converted into oil and pomace. The
western mills also import the seed from
South America by way of New Orleans
besides using the crop of their own
at|lsUIsi 9entl2 ThIe rlIOFai gRswsO
who uses the castor pomace as a fer-
tilizer is contributing to the western
grower, when he might produce it at
home. We would like to hear from our
subscribers on this point, and especi-
ally those who have grown the bean.
It is our intention to encourage the
industry and to find a market for the
beans, either at home or at some of the
established castor oil mills, and hope
that those who are interested in this
project will let us know how much
land they are willing to devote to the
beans, and let us see whether or not
the castor bean business can be made a
success in this state.
0 *
To Make Cloth Mildew Proof.
Since our issue of August 1st, we
have received many inquiries regard-
ing the treatment of cloth to prevent
mildew that would be cheaper than
paratfining as mentioned in that issue.
We have no way of knowing whether
there are other methods that prove
more lasting than parafline, as we
have not had time enough to experi-
ment with them, this being our second
season with treated cloth. Mr. Thorn-
ton, of Orlando, has used the following
method with perfect satisfaction, so

Dissolve one pound of sulphate of
zinc, one pound of salsoda and two
ounces of tartaric acid, and pour into


forty gallons of water. Cover the cloth
with this solution for twenty-tour
hours and hang up to dry without
wringing. This preparation will last
for only one season, and the cloth
should be treated again when taken
down. In conversation with Mr.
Tlomlton, e informed the writer that
he expected to treat his cloth after it
was put up by applying the solution
with a sprinkler. This may offer an
easy method of applying the solution.
Mr. E. N. Reasoner of the Royal
Palm Nurseries at Oneco, gives the
following formula which he has used
during the past two years:
Heat twenty-five gallons of clear
water and then divide it in two re-
ceptacles. Into one put two pounds
of alum and into the other put two
pounds of sugar of lead and stir until
thoroughly dissolved. Then pour the
two together when the mixture' will
look just like milk. The cloth can be
put into a barrel and the mixture
poured over it. Cover it entirely with
the liquid and let it stand twelve hours
Then wring out and add new mixture
from time to time. The mixture must
be stirred well before pouring over the
cloth.
Mr. Reasoner reports that his cloth
came off this spring without any effects
of mildew and in apparently as good
order as when put up, excepting the
holes where it was fastened down.
These preparations arc preventative
of mildew but do not close the pores
or meshes of the cloth as paralmne
wax does. For covering pineries where
the cover Is left on during the winter,
it would be better to use one of the
above preparations as it would then
let the rain through, which would not
be the case with parafline. For mak-
ing orange tents, however, the require-
ments are different and we should
much prefer the use of parafline.

Purchasing Department.
We have opened a special purchas-
ing department in connection with the
Agriculturist, through which our sub-
scribers may purchase anything that
they desire. It frequently happens
that some one living remote from the
city, desires some farming implement,
but does not know where same can be
had. By writing to us and describing
the tool wanted, we can supply them
at much less cost than they can pur-
chase same at the regular hardware
store. In fact we can often save the
purchaser many times the price of the
Agriculturist in the purchase of a sin-
gle tool. For instance, we recently
purchased an Ensilage Cutter for a
patron or the paper and saved h m Wo,
enough to pay for the paper twenty
years. It does not make any differ-
ence what you want to purchase in the
way of farm implements, tools, etc.,
write us and we will give you the best
information this department has to
offer and quote you prices on same. In
addressing your letters of inquiry for
prices, address, Purchasing Depart-
ment, Florida Agriculturist, Jackson-
ville, Fla.

ANSWBMs TO 00o3BaasPONDEM.
This department is devoted to answering
such questions as may be asked by our sub
-eribe-, which mr be of efral ia.ornma-
tnon. inqures o0 tersonml character Uat
require answer by mail should always have
stamps enclosed.

Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Will you please give the name of some
grass that I can plant this fall to have a
green lawn during the winter. I have
used Bermuda and St. Lucie, but they
turn brown and look bad after every
frost. Any information you can give
me will be greatly appreciated.
P. 0- P.
The only grass that we can recom-
mend outside of Bermuda and St. Lu-
cie would be the Italian rye grass. This









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 527


should be sown some time during Sep-
tember or October, It will make a
green lawn during the winter and is
not affected by the cold weather, that
is it will remain green during the winter
but dies out when the aummsr somes 9P
and has to be replaced every year.
Editor Florida Agriculturit:
Will you please inform me through
the columns of the Agriculturist if the
pomelo or grape fruit will thrive on the
Gulf coast; also season to plant and the
best varieties. Has it a long tap root
like the orange? Am on the shores of
Lemon Bay, a bay about one mile wide,
then a chain of keys, then the gulf.
Honest John.
Grove City, Fla.
We know of no reason why the po-
melo will not do well on the Gulf coast
if put on proper soil. The land should
be high or well drained. Plant same as
the orange, either in January while dor-
mant, or during June or July when there
is plenty of rain. The pomelo is gen-
erally worked on the sour orange and of
course would have a tap root-all of the
WitFue family have turp roe, whsre the
soil is such that it can grow. There are
not many varieties to select from. The
Walter's Triumph, Mays and Marsh's
Seedless, are all good.

Editor Florida Agriueturist,
PleaSe send me a sample of your pre-
pared cloth for protecting trees. What
information can you give me regard-
ing lamps to put under trees? I shall
need to get some of these, but the price
mentioned in the Agriculturist ot last
November 22d, $5.oo per dozen, is too
high. I shall be glad of any information
along these lines. G. F. K.
Samples have been sent as requested.
The price of the six ounce osnaberg
is 6 cents per yard in bales. The bales
contain from about Iooo to I.soo yards
of cloth.
The question of lamps is one to which
we have given considerable study. We
will use home made lamps this winter.
The reservoir will contain a quart of oil
and a good brass burner holding an inch
and a half wick will be used. We, how-
ever, advise the duplex burner, so that
the heat can be doubled if it becomes
necessary while the expense is but
slightly greater than a single burner.
These duplex burners with a tin chim-
ney can be furnished at jg cents a
piece, while the single burners cost
30 cents each. By painting the bottom
of these lamps and taking care of them
during the summer, they are good for
at least ten years.
Editor Florida Agriculturit.
How late can I place an order for pro-
tection cloth to secure same by De-
cember Ist? With the cloth treated as
you do, would it bc nctcsmry to noa aI
lamp should the thermometer tall as low
as it did during the big freeze in order
to save such tender vegetation as the
lime, pineapple and guava? J. C. B.
Brooksville, Fla.
You should place your order as soon
as possible as the kind of cloth we have
at command at present is limited and
the indications are that cotton will be
higher rather than lower. It will not do
to depend on the tent alone for protec-
tion some artificial heat must be sup-
plied. When the thermometer goes
down to 32 degrees or lower, and re-
maiUn thers for six to eight hours, it
will get colder inside of the tent than
outside, but a very little of artificial
heat will keep the temperature up.
Editor Florida Aricuiturist,
Referring to the question of canvass
for tents in your last issue of the Agri-
culturist, please tell me how many yards
a bale contains, the price of paraffine
wax, and your charge for treating the
cloth I preunme the cloth should be


made up -before being treated. Is the
top of your tent slanting or level?
Fruitland Park, Fa. G. E. P.
The bales contain I,ooo to 1,5oo yards
each. The price of paraffine wax in
barrel lots of 450 pounds each is 7 1-4
cents per pound, in less than barrel lots
7 1-2 cents per pound. The cloth should
be treated before being made up, as it
would be impossible to have the paraf-
fine applied evenly owing to the seams.
The top of our tent is level or nearly so.
Price of treated cloth is 9 cents per
yard.
Editor Floride Agrioutnriot,
Permit me to intrude on your time a
little. I would like to ask, of what is
the roof of your tent made? Will you
kindly send me a sample of the cloth
to use? Is the paraffine necessary?
Will it not be well to get a heavier
cloth and dispense with treating?
Hurley. Wis. A. C. W.
The top of our tent is,made of half
inch boards either cypress or pine.
The specky-heart cypress can be bought
cheaply and answers every purpose.
56a11pico hey ubriiin iiiat U riQuii;ti,
The paraffining is not absolutely
necessary except that it preserves the
cloth from mildew and makes it ver-
min proof as well as water proof, the
paraffine also closes up the meshes and
in a way makes the tent warmer. You
can use heavier cloth, but it should be
treated with paraffine or some other
preventitive to keep it from giving out
in one or two seasons.
*
The Best He Ever Saw.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.:
Gentlemen:
Fertilizer came in first-class shape,
and plenty of it and well sacked. I be
lieve the tobacco stems are the best I
ever saw Respectfully,
E. N. BROWN.
Punta Gorda, Fla., Aug. 21, 1900oo.

OHEAP COLUMN
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 5 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
FOR SALB-Nunrery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
Mostly budded to Grape-fruit and Tanger-
ines. Box 271. Orlanao, Fla. 34t
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. Mann, Man-
ville, Fla. 10x18-1900
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. TAS.
MOTT. Fort Myers. RIL. lltf


THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
ij8 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
47t{


RBSIN COMPOUND-Used for scale or white
fly. For sale 0 $6.00 per kerosene bbl.
CYRUS W. BUTLER, St. Petersburgh, Pla.
32x35
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail
postpaid for 2e per dosen. Good sized
plants ready now. W. S. PRESTON,
Auburndale. Fla. 15-tf
LADIES--GT-RICH-Snzarine saves 90
enS cap coe or tea. We te youi f6w for
1Oc silver. PALMETTO SUPPLY CO..
Box 183,DeLand.Fla. tf
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 5 vaieties of 2 and 3 year
citrus buds. IPor good stock and low
prices, address C. W. FOX, Prop. ltt.
ORANGE, POMELO AND LEMON TRES--
on sour r tritoliata stocks, for summer
and fall shipment. Large assortment fine
trees. Write for prices. GLEN ST. MABY
NURSERIES, G. L. Taber, Proprietor, Glen
St. Mary Fla. 31tf
FOR SALE--100 ca h. Elght acres of
high pine land near DeLand Junction;
5 acres cleared, three acres of which are
In grove, the balance of the tract is In
timber. Small house and a well on the
placo. Addram T. '. 1 .. oros A ir4eul-
turst, DeLand, Fla. sty
iOR 8ALl-80 acres situated between Port
Orange and New Smyrna, near Spruce
creek, 12 acres cleared, small house and
outbuildings, good stock range. 40 acres
situated between head of Indian River and
lagoon, 6 acres cleared and fenced, with a
few orange, peach and grapes, nearly al:
high hammock and scrub, good orange
and fruit land. 21% acres situated in
south end of 'Brevard county, fronts on
north prong of St. Lucie river in the pine.-
apple uelt; no improvement, all first class
pine apple land. All cheap for cash or cat-
tle. Particulars. address with stamp.
GEO. C. KUHL. Shiloh, Volnsia Co, Fla.


Simon Pure


FERTILIZERS
--ARE


Time-Tried
-AND-


Crop-Tested!

Manufactured especially to suit all the requirements of the

GROVE, GARDEN & FIELD.
HI you are raisin Tomtoes, Egg-plants, Ceery, Strawberre, Lettuc or
Cabbage, we can suppy you a fertilizer made especially for them, that has
been thoroughly tested.
Our Simon Pre No. 1 has the best fruit producing record of any fertil-
iar 6I i fit 51i6t WE iV haid W J aai pra4atil CxpcrkizC = and
have spent more time and money in crop xperimenting than all the manu-
factures in the State.
Besides Special Brands for Special Crops we carry in stock all kinds of

Fertilizing Materials and Chemicals.
We were the fist dealers to put the different fertilizing materials within the
reach of growers,a fact they should bear in mind when ordering. We offer


Ammonlates: P
SULPHATE AMMONIA,
NITRATE SODA,
DRIED BLOOD,
HIGH GRADE BLOOD AND BONE,
BLOOD AND BONE,
BONE,
TANKAGE,
BRIGHT COTTON SEED MEAL,
DARK COTTON SEED MEAL,
CASTOR POMACE,
Potashes:
MURIATE POTASH,
HIGH GRADE POTASH,
LOW GRADE POTASH,
KAINIT,
CANADA HARDWOOD ASHES,
COTTON SEED HULL ASHES,
Phosphoric Acids.
DISSOLVED BONE,
ACID PHOSPHATE,
DISSOLVED BONE BLACK,
WRITE FOR PRICES

E. 0. Painter & Co., =


Miscellaneous:
SALT,
LIME,
GAS LIME.
COPPERAS,
BLUE STONE,
LAND PLASTER,
CAUSTIC POTASH,
WHALE OIL SOAP,
GROUND COPPERAS.
BI-SULPHIDE CARBON,
OYSTER SHELLS FOR POULTRY,
PARIS GREEN and insecticides gen-
erally.
Tobacco Materials:
CUT TOBACCO STEMS,
NO. 1 GROUND TOBACCO.
FINE GROUND TOBACCO,
BALED TOBACCO STEMS,
COURSE GROUND TOBACCO,
All guaranteed unleached and to con-
tain all their fertilllinr and inserticide
properties.
AND DISCOUNTS TO

Jacksonville, Fla.


4ree



WATCHES


,W FREE
Premium Offer No y one ending a new Su er and
$2.00 will receive an open-face, stem-wind
and stem-set watch, guaranteed by the manufacturers for one yar. Thoe who Ghoose
the watch are not entitled to an opportunity to secure a Ton of Fertilizerfor $2. Send in
your subscriptions at once to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksonville, Fla.

Seed Free Premium Offer No. 2-=
For one new subscriber at $200 the ender
can select $1.50worth of seed from the seed
Catalogue of Griffin Bros ackonville,
Fl, which will be set FREE. Those selecting ed are not entitled to a Ton of FertH-
ier for $2.0. Send name to THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, Jacksoville, Fla.


. I










528 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


HKOUIHOLD DEPAIBTIENT.
All communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Household Dept. Jacksonville.

Cooking Behool.
We hear much about the growing
popularity of the cooking school, and
in many of our northern- cities as well
as in many prominent schools it has
become a permanent study.
This Is one of the wisest innovations
of the age in that it toahes thie girl
the practical things that she ought to
know. There Is nothing so essential
to the health and comfort of mankind
as good cooking, therefore every pros-
pective housekeeper should thoroughly
understand the art. Most girls dis-
like cooking, but the school puts the
work before them in a way and enter-
taining light and awakens a good deal
of enthusiasm among the students and
makes the hour spent there one of
pleasure, and afterward the girl finds
much pleasure in putting these lessons
Into practice in the home.
NWS fBtBI EBB ttT -RR w-w ag
their daughters to cook and care for
a house as carefully as they themselves
would do, but there are others who do
not care to take this trouble or are
unable to give their daughters this
training, and as the servants cannot be
asked to do it, there remains the cook-
ing school as a last resort. If there is
none in reach, they do not learn at all
until they are married and stern ne-
cessity compels them to begin consult-
ing cook books and spend many un-
happy moments in trying to prepare a
palatable meal when they do not know
how. And how the young wife wishes
she had given a few of her spare mo-
ments to learning this useful art.
The intelligent girl of to-day is begin-
ning to realize that if she is to be a
thoroughly trained woman she must
cultivate the homely practical arts s
well as the ornamental and intellect-
ual. She realizes that to be a success-
ful housekeeper she must have prac-
tial as well as theoretical knowledge
of her business, so that she can see
that "the wheels of domestic life run
smoothly" and If anything goes wrong
as frequently happens, she can set it
right at once. If she has this knowl-
edge she can better direct her servants
and should the cook give warning, she
can comfortably carry on the work if
she does not happen to get another at
once. If she does not belong to the
fortunate class who can have servants,
she can much more easily manage her
own work.
We all know how uncomfortable it is
when anything goes wrong in the
kitchen. It is so much easier to be pre-
pared to do the housekeeping right be-
fore having It to do. It will save the
girl many an aching heart, burned fin-
ges, tear-stained face, and much ill-
temper. There Is nothing so conducive
to bad temper as to have everything
go wrong in the kitchen, as it nearly
always does when one has to do the
cooking without much previous knowl-
edge. The pleasure derived from a


successfully cooked meal is almost as
great as that gained from mastering
a difficult composition of music, and
that is making the comparison very
strong, for to me music is the "divinest
art or wnich man has any knowledge."

Uses of demons.
Twenty-five or thirty years ago, bak-
ing powder was little known and sal-
eratus was the one ingredient known
to nearly every household. This with
the use of sour milk and lemon Juice or
the juice of the sour orange, furnisa:oa
the rising power of bread made at that
time. The following item, taken from
the San Diego Union is given in the
way of something new, but the recipe
was used before the writer of it knew
anything about lemons. The article,
however, contains some very good sug-
gestions that may be useful to the
present generation. The juice of the
sour orange can be used the same as
the lemon and imparts to the bread a
very delicious flavor, especially iwe
corn bread.
ffFS) f9 Stks--P w rtx v =T=
years subscription to your paper. Jia-
covered and told by one of our ranch
wives who is desirous you may have
the good of it and the silent satisfac-
tion of knowing good is being done in
several ways. It is a shoulder l:t at
the baking powder trust. Use no bak-
ing powder. You can with the moneO
you pay for baking powder la a year,
buy several boxes of lemons and there-
by help a home industry that needs all
the open avenues of trade and as many
more opened up as possible. To a
Hunter sieve of flour,sift in a teaspoon-
ful of saleratus, either flour, meal or
buckwheat, as the case may be; then
when you wish to bake or boil bsfoie
mixing, add the juice of half a ler'on,
and you get the best results. Light.
wholesome acid has been used, you
know there has been no adulterftitn,
and you are creating a demand for a
home product. In the baking powder
you are supposed to have the two ele-
ments which offervesce when moisten-
ed: in the use of the lemon you add
the second element In its purity, and
the result will be satisfactory in every
case where your judgment directs the
right proportion to the batch you are
to mix, but the proportion is half a
lemon to a teaspoonful of soda. For
cleaning brass it is par excellence.
Usually vinegar and salt or whiting
and alcohol have been used, but just
take half a lemon-any cull will do in
either case, if it contains the acid-and
then, after rubbing it with the lemon
go over it with a dry cloth, and you
will have clean brass."
*
Beautlfying the Home.
Editor Household Department.
I have often been struck by the gen-
eral lack of beauty about the average
home, not only in the country, but in
the small towns and villages, as well.
Of course there are many exceptions,
but as a general rule the adornment of
the grounds about the house is consid-
ered quite necessary. This lack of
appreciation of the beautiful in nature,
is caused by too intense application of
tio monetary value of things andi
leaves no room to indulge the love of
the beautiful. The owner does not
think he has time to do anything that
will not "pay."
In Florida, the door yard is too often
a bare sand bed, deep and untidy. In
most cases, some little attempt has
been made to ornament the front yard,
by planting a few vines and flowers,


A3POrWDER


Makes the food more delicious and wholesome
."LU M0 MMAr0 COK. NI W YOM.


but very little systematic work is done
to make them grow beautiful and so
fulfill the ends for which they were in-
tendered. There are rarely any trees
unless planted by nature, and there are
no greater beautifiers than well kept
trees. Besides being great beautifiers
they furnish necessary shade for the
children, and do much to help them to
form pleasant memories of home.
There are no features of my child-
hood's home more strongly impressed
on my memory than the number of
beautiful trees surrounding the house
and in the horse-lot. The orchard
trees, too, were a source of undying
pleasure, not alone for the fruit they
bore, but for the cool shady spots and
rank growth of fragrant bluegrass,
that was found at their feet. I can
still smell the blue grass and see the
patches of deep blue sky through their
branches. I often feel very sorry ror
those children who have to grow uu
with no other shade to play in than
that which the house and barns afford.
This condition of things could so eas-
ily be changed if we could only lead
our people to see that it takes only a
few hours work to set out the trees
and care for them. The forests afford
lilenty of water-oahl. one of the moot
desirable of trees for this purpose, as
it is evergreen, very hardy, has a low-
branching habit and furnishes an ex-
cellent shade. The sycamore is an-
other good tree, and is easily propaga-
ted from cuttings. Its beauty during
the summer months fully compensates
for its deciduous habits.
Vines will do wonders in the way of
covering unsightly walls and fences
and in making perfect bowers of
beauty of them. For this purpose
there is no better vine than the velvet
bean, as it gives a mass of leaves and
grows very rapidly after the rainy sea-
son begins. It is a plant that wants
plenty of water and will do very well
without xmuoh fattilizew. It will cover a
piiai is i ia sy gaht i3i it;a8 -i4 )-s
beautiful till the frost comes, besides
being a protection from the glaring
rays of the sun. It is best to
plant the vines some little distance
from the house and train them over a
frame and then to the top of the porch
as this gives plenty of room for the air
to circulate in the porch.
If our farmers would only give a
little more attention to the planting of
vines and trees, they would be aston-
ished to find how much more interest
they would soon take in their home sur-
roundings. We all know what pleas-
ure the view of a well kept lawn and
trim shady oaks gives us, but itf that
lawn were our own, It would be a last-
ing pleasure.
To my mind the most beautiful home
Il a well kept country home, and the
dreariest, is the one where nothing is
planted that will not "pay." It is with-
in the reach of all farmers to have
beautiful homes, even though the house
is an old unpainted log one, if they will
only spend a little time planting tree
and helping their wives to plant orna-
mental vines and plants. It will not
take much time, but the pleasurable
results will more than compensate for
the effort.
I would like to hear from some of the
ladies on this subject, surely it is one
that is of much interest to them, and
they can make many useful sugges-
tions. Mrs. Caroline.
4 0
The Best of AU Is Daintiness.
Editor Houschold Deportment.
It does not take wealth to create a
home, neither does it take riches to
make a young girl good to look at, but
it does take that indescribable charm
of daintiness. It is a virtue and I have
seen some of our southern girls pos-
sess to a high degree and surpass a
girl of wealth in appearance and style
off very limited means. The best of all
is daintiness, and the next best of all
gifts is tact, but when I get to writing
upon this subject I never know when
to stop. hence I will leave it just now
and tell the renders of our delightful
household a way to economize in the
little matters of dress and toilette.
Every fastidious woman loves dainty
things, such as cambric handkerchiefs,
ribbons, laces, gloves, etc. There is an
art in caring for them. To be sure in
the south we have some very excellent
colored laundresses, but I have had
them tear the lace off of a cambric


handkerchief that a friend had worked
at for days, hemstitched, whipped lace,
etc., and yet in one washing the deli-
cate piece was no good any more.
This is so with many other dainty, del-
icate articles and the most perfect way
to laundry handkerchiefs is not to use
irons-and I know wealthy girls who
prefer this art of doing them up and
even at a hotel or away from home you
can do up the handsomer ones (a few
at a time) by filling the bowl in your
room with hot water and dissolve a
tablespoonful of pearline in it and stir
up well, and wash out quickly (rubbing
gently) and rinse, and while wet place
on your mirror or window pane and
leave all night. Next morning peel
them off carefully and fold evenly and
they will be as white and sheer as
possible. It not only saves the dimes,
but it saves handsome cambric hand-
Kerchiefs. They will last twice as long
for I have tried it many times when
away from home. You can clean white
kid or light gloves with cream of tar-
tar. Put your gloves on and rub the
tartar over and over the soiled places.
it will leave them white and clean.
take such thing as cream of tartar with
you. Kentucklenne.
t
coaches and Bugs.
Editor Household Department.
I was greatly interested in the ar-
ticle that appeared in the issue of
August 15 in regard to the method of
killing insects in the house. The meth-
od is good, I find from experience, but
very troublesome and somewhat dan-
gerous. I have a much simpler rem-
edy for ridding the house of cock-
roaches and bed-bugs in the use of
gasoline. Take the ordinary gasoline
and put it in a spraying bulb and spray
the beds thoroughly, letting the gaso-
line run into all the cracks and joints.
In the pantry or clostes, spray the gas-
oline into the crevices and behind the
hablvoa. Of oourns lihtod matohea or
fif? f' fas 1a3 i4fisl it fsaaj ntway
while this is being done. You will be
astonished at the number of bugs and
roaches you will be able to extermin-
ate with the use of gasoline.
Anti-Roach.
4 *
Stems 0. K.
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonrille, la.:
Dear Sirs.-I received the chopped
stems from you 0. K., and like them
very much. Would like to have another
ton of them now, and probably more
later. Yours truly,
W. I. ALLEN.
Jensen, Fla., June 18, Igoo.


1.98 BUYS A 3.50oSUIT
.s cLa sm --arwn Y mesasm
uaI m M PAMT sm Ar1 At .
A SEW SUITMMT uxfI
d to us, tale afed b iandg sa wbethef
S arge or small orge and we illma
he sit by ex C. D. S.mbject tox
miearn n enaa iteatyoa
e office and if found rfectit
frtor .nd "a- ." --. .



s8.tsm aame,, neat, handsome pSerS,
IW'ASS, wlie fsie Sea Se *w, rat
1. andn




uplla ns t su **M ro to
made with t Ua e MATr u.la .





plea sent free on appaeaton.
8ARS, ROEUCK & CO. (lae.), Cimaa,





UNIVERSITY OF GEOROIA,
S It linATHENS, O A.






One hundredth session begins Sep-

tember I9th, xgoo. Rooms in dormi-
tory free. Excellent board in Students
19 RA11p6wrli f'5f.ee5rs"^











Hall at eight dollars per month. Tui-
tion of non-residents fifty dollars per






annum. For further information write
RWALT IROEBUCK I CO. (LCsm r,
UNIVERSITY OF AheOR GIA
ATHENS, GA.


One hundredth session begins Sep-
tember igth, 19oo. Rooms in dormi-
tory free. Excellent board in Students'
Hall at eight dollars per month. Tui-
tion of non-residents fifty dollars per
annum. For further information write
WALTMe L HIL-L, Chslwur,
AMiam, Ga











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 529


POUVL y UMD RAMB 3DPART-
MIN"T.
All communications or enquiries for this
department should he addressed to
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST,
Poultry Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.

Hen's Teeth--Oround Oyter Shells.
Every poultry raiser knows that the
fowl's method of masticating its food
is by the contraction and expansion of
the gizzard grinding the food against
hard substances that the fowls have
swallowed. In Florida there is very
little grit that the fowls can secure
and it has to be supplied. If one is un-
fortunate enough to have careless ser-
vants to break up the dishes, these
pounded up will make good grit and
* are eagerly devoured by the fowls, but
a cheaper source of grit is oyster shells
which are ground to the proper size
and placed where the fowls can help
themselves at any time.
The oyster shells should be from
fresh oysters and not old decayed
shells that have been laying around for
centuries, as they have not the resis-
ting power of the new shells.
It is necessary for the fowls to have
this grit to be perfectly healthy and it
has frequently been the case that fowls
have been cured of diarrhoea and
other diseases by giving them a good
supply of grit which renewed the nor-
mal condition of mastication and gave
the fowls the benefit of the food con-
sumed. At the present price of oyster
shells, any poultry raiser should keep
his fowls well supplied.
Anyone sending us a new subscriber
and $2.00 can have as a premium 100
pounds of "Hen's Teeth" or ground
oyster shells, free, f. o. b. Jacksonville.
.
Hare.
There seems to be a disposition on
the part of some papers to ridicule the
raising of Belgian hares. One paper
even goes to the extent that it even
refuses to insert an advertisement of-
fering Belgian hares. While we ad-
mire his consistency in refusing to ad-
vertise .what he believes to be a detri-
ment, the question is, is he correct in
maintaining that the Belgian hares
will be a final detriment instead of a
help to the country. He states the
case of the plague of Australia as a
possibility of the hare fad in this coun-
try. We think he need feel no alarm
in that respect as the conditions of
this country and those of Australia are
quite different. Nearly our whole
country has been infected with hares
but the increase of population and the
great love of hunting of the average
boy has nearly annihilated them. Aus-
* tralia, however, is now reaping some
benefit from her rabbit pest, for in-
stead of being poisoned and destroyed
in numerous ways, they are now cap-
tured, frozen and sent to England and
sold. Last year the returns in cash for
rabbit meat was considerably over halt
million dollars. From this it would
seem that there is growing demand for
rabbit meat.

The Belgian Hare.
Editor Poultry Department.
"On the ground or on the floor." In
a building or out of doors.
The English, if we have read aright,
and also our northern friends, partic-
ularly keep their hares in-doors. Meas-
urably they are forced to do this, on
account of an untoward climate. In-
door raising has its advantages and
its disadvantages. There may be
conditions and situations even in
Florida where it may be desirable
to adopt indoor raising. But we will
in the present article show some of the
disadvantages of indoor raising, and al-


so the advantages of out door raising.
An old Scotchman once told me that
a sheep could not-abide its own stench.
Now in-door raising and close quarters
fend greatly to the development of an
everywhere unpleasant effluvia. And
unless this is fought with absorbants
entailing much time and expense, there
will be found everywhere present this
unpleasant odor. And this is the se-
cret, the den the stronghold of practic-
ally all the diseases to which the Bel-
gian Hare is subject. Give him enough
of Florida sand, and he will borough
in it continually, roll in it every half
hour scratch new earth to lie down in,
in day time for coolness and at night
to absorb heat. The Belgian hare is
continually stirring the earth: thus
keeping his quarters sweet and clean
at no expense. We are fully aware of
the objection to the out door culture of
the Belgian hare. Indoor culture al-
ways enables him to keep his fur rich
and new looking, while the sun tends
to destroy its lustre. But the advan-
tages of out door culture are so many
that this objection has but little force.
By allowing him sufficient range, and
access to an hourly earthen bath the
ground absorbes all the effluvia.
and thus we reach the first requisite
of perfect health-pure air.
Much is written in the books and
papers about an ailment called the
snuffles, really a species of catarrh
produced by breathing impure, infect-
ed air. In fact such frequent mention
is made of this disease, and so many
remedies are offered, occupying such
conspicuous prominence in the columns
of the Belgian hare periodicals that
one would be inclined to think that
every hare he should buy a bottle of
snuffle remedy.
Lustre.-If we can grow a magnif-
icent specimen, showing all the attri-
butes of robust vigorous health, we can
in a short time deprive him of the sun
and add lustre to his coat. In short,
we predict the time, when Belgian
hares will be found quartered in fifty
acre enclosures.
I have been with him for the last
two months by day, and slept with
him by night and fed him and watched
him.
The Belgian Hare as a Meat Produc-
er.-And here are the points on the
Belgian hare as a meat producing an-
imal. And I am pleased with the evi-
dence that he presents of being a great
meat producing animal. A farmer,
like evry body else, must buy cheap
and sell dear. Now, in Florida, es-
pecially on Florida sand, where the
Belgian hare can be raised out doors,
and where he can make his own bor-
oughs to escape the storm, and rain,
and heat, and cold, he will be found
if not first, in the very ranks as a
profitable meat producer.
Here is a list of his excellencies,
First, is his fecundity. Only a math-
ematician can demonstrate how much
more prolific he is than cattle. Then
while he has a voracious appetite he
is frugal withal.
We believe it will be found that he
will consume in the largest measure
those foods that can be the most easily
grown in Florida. And that he pro-
duces a larger per cent of meat from
the food eaten than is usually found
in meat producing animals. Further,
he will work in a large proportion of
browse and wild herbage, and convert
them into high class meat, doing so
probably more than any meat produc-
ing animal. And beside, this browse
and herbage seems necessary to his
health. In the meantime, one may
chop off a forbidding hammock, and he
will take care of it, and subdue it
thereafter.
And as they can be raised in im-
mense numbers on small areas, his
meat can be produced in quantities.
Moreover as the Belgian hare seems
to have come to his own, and his worth
is being recognized and as the pub-
lic has determined that his flesh must
be good, we believe that the Belgian
hare has a future in Florida.
Bear Head Farm,
Orlando, Fla.
C S
Ureen Bone for Poultry.
This is a food not much in use on
farms and is not widely known to peo-
ple who do not devote a good deal of
time to caring for poultry, says the
Poultry Journal. There is a vast dif-


ference between green bone and the
bone meal sold at supply houses. The
green bone is jast what its name im-
plies. It consists of the bone with the
adhering gristle and particles of meat
as they come fresh from the butcher.
Butchers always cut out more or less
bone from meats sold, and they are
called meat scraps by the butcher and
are usually sold to some soap factory.
A very good use can be made of them
by people who can get them cheaply,
by preparing them for fowls. They
are especially good for laying hens, for
they contain just enough elements as
are needed to form eggs. The min-
eral matter in the green bone is
soluble and can be assimilated
and for this reason it is much better
than the dry bone, which having lost
much of its animal matter, is insolu-
ble and but little of it can be assimil-
ated. It contains material for the yolk,
white and shell, and in fact is as near
all round food as can be found for
egg production. It should be remem-
bered that, though it is an excellent
food, yet it cannot be used exclusive-
ly. It is a contracted food and there is
danger in feeding too much of it. It
is usually fed twice a week by the
best poultrymen and even then not
more than an ounce is given to a hen.
The manner of preparing it will put
it out of the question on many farms,
for the very reason that, where the
poultry business is not made a study,
care and machinery are not adapted
for the best results. The bones and
scraps as they come from the butcher
are run through a cutter made for
that purpose, and the bits are cut up
in small pieces, so they can be easily
swallowed by the hens. There are
also a great many bones from the ta-
ble which may be cut up and fed to the
poultry to advantage.
There is nothing that will cause a
young chick to grow and thrive like
green bone, and chicks that are fed on
this feed are never subject to leg
weakness, which is caused by a lack
of mineral matter in their bones.
Green bone supplies this and also
makes material for feathers and flesh.
It is a good winter as well as summer
food. Giving it a trial and watching
results will be a very good plan by
which to ascertain whether it will pay
or not in each individual case.
4 &
Taking a Mean Advantage of the Hen
According to the science column of a
German weekly paper, the hens of
China lead busy lives. When not en-
gaged in hatching out a brood of their
own kind they are put to the addition-
al and novel task of hatching fish eggs.
Chinese cheap labor collects the spawn
of fish from the water's edge, puts it in
an empty egg shell, which is then her-
metically sealed with wax and placed
under the unsuspecting hen. In a few
days the egg shell is removed, and the
spawn, which has been warmed into
life, is emptied into a shallow pool.
Here the fish that soon develop are
nursed until strong enough to be turn-
ed into a lake or stream.-London
Globe.
(Rather a fishy story. Our fish com-
missioners ought to have some of these
hens.-Ed.)

Color of the Comb.
When the comb is a bright red in
color it denotes health and also that
the hens are about to lay. There is no
disease known as "black comb" as the
comb is simply an indicator, and
changes to pale or dark color, no mat-
ter what the disease may be. When
the hens or pullets are about to begin
laying their combs enlarge and become
red, gradually losing the red color as
the number of eggs is increased, but it
is only when the comb becomes very
dark that it indicates serious illness.-
Mirror and Farmer.
4 0
After Seeing eweults.
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonrille, Fla.:
Gentlemen:
After seeing the crop of Mr. C. E.
Davis last season, I have decided to
give your fertilizer a trial. I would
like to get three tons. Yours truly,
JOHN ELLIS.
Miami, Fla., July 16, Igoo.


If your fowls are troubled with lice
or jiggers, send $r.25 and get 100
pounds of tobacco dust and sprinkle
it in your coops. The tobacco is guar-
anteed to be unleached. Send 2 cent
stamp for sample.--E. 0. Painter & Co.,
Jacksonville, Fla.

Western Poultry Farm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It is up to date. 24 pages.
end to day. We sell beat liquid lce ill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 dos., 2 eta; for N
cta: 50 for 0 cta; 100 for I1

HENS' TEETH GROUNDoS
IE SI T I H TER SHELLS.
To properly digest its food the fowl
must have grit. What teeth are to the
human being grit is to the fowl. We
can now furnish ground oyster shells,
from freshly opened oysters, from
which all the dust and dirt has been
screened, to supply this grit which is
lacking in nearly all parts of Florida.
Goods very inferior to ours and full
of dust has been selling for $1.00 to
$1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now
offer it at
100 Ib bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
Help your fowls by giving them
plenty of clean grit.
E. O. PAINTER & Co., .acksonville,
Fla.
Manufacturers of High Grade Fer-
tilizers and dealers in all kinds of Fer-
tilizing Materials.


CANCER-=PILES.
CANCER CURED WITHOUT PAIN.
NO KNIFE USED.
CURE GUARANTEED.
$1,000 for a case of Piles we can't cure.
Write for free books. Address
BBLLEVIEW SANITARIUM,
Belleview, .

$ T to8 a day
JUST THINK l=tov eyn
Imabove expen-
Ssea. Anyone.
Work for us. Over 3,000(just think) money-
making secrets and other useful information
for $1.0.. Andress "A," PALMETTO SUP-
PL CO., Locc Box 183, DeLand, Fla. tt











O THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


A Tale of "Whoa."

MORNING.
Goodby, old.horee, we'll trn you out
To roam o'er hill and plain;
We've bought a horseless carriage, and
We'll never need you again.
We'll ride from morn till dark
And on a uandav afternoon
Go puffing through the park.
You're hardly worth a piece of pie!
Goodby, old horse, goodby!
EVENING.
Come here, old horse, we need your pull
To get us home tonight;
Thisnasty, stinking. pffing thing
Is not perkcted-quite.
Ten miles from home it fased and fumed
And then refused to go,
And, minus both a push and pull,
It was a case of whoa!
If you'll return, so will our joy,
SGood boy, old horse, good boy.
-Trotter and Pacer.
*0
BOY WANTED.

"There! I guess that ought to bring
onr early to-morrow morning:" said
Mr. Jonathan Pealoy, as lie nuisied
tacking the card on the front door, and
stood back to view his work. "Boys
are plentiful enough, but they are so
trifling," he added as he locked the
door on the inside for the night.
Uncle Jonathan as his customers
called him had sold paper and peri-
odicals from that little shop for twen-
ty years. The building was only one
story, and contained two rooms-his
shop and the one back of it which he
used for a general living room. It
stood on an eighteen-foot lot on a bus-
iness street. As far as the eye could
reach on both sides, towered buildings
of brick and stone; but this little piece
of ground belonged to an estate and
could neither be leased or sold, until
the youngest member of a large fam-
ily of heirs became of age.
With DermileginB r without it, Uncle
Jonathan had moved in there twenty
years before; no one had ever been
legalized to collect rent, and as he was
a favorite with every one, he had been
allowed t9 remain year after year.
without being molested.
He must have laid by a tidy little
sum, for he had only himself to care
for: no one had ever heard anything
about his having any relatives. Some
said he was a miser, but he did not
look it, with his clear, blue eyes, shin-
ing with kindliness, and the waving
white hair which framed hin face, The
children in the neighborhood all knew
better, for no one else was so generous
with candy and rosy cheeked apples as
he.
The shop contained two long count-
era, one on each side of the room. They
were covered with an attractive array
of illustrated papers and gaily covered
magazines, and in holiday times there
was a tempting array of Christmas
cards and calendars.
Business had been so brisk of late,
that Uncle Jonathan had determined
to get a boy to help him about the shop
and deliver packages. If he was smart
he would pay him two dollars a week
to begin with and if.he proved satisfac-
tory he would keep him all the time
and he began to feel the want of a
little help. So he had printed the
aforenamed card, and sat down to
await results. It was a quarter past
six when he repaired to his back room
to arrange his evening meal.
The room was scrupulously clean
and cheerful. A rag carpet was on the
floor, a round table in the center cov-
ered with a bright red table cloth, and
a lamp with a rosy shade cast a cheer-
ful and mellow light upon all the sur-
rounding objects.
He trtted back and forth all the
while talking to Thomas, a large gray
cat, that purred sociably and rubbed
against his legs in a most sympathetic
manner. First he laid a square piece
of linen on the table, then he took from
a high cupboard in the corner, an old-
fashioned blue and white china cup
and saucer and plate, and then beside
them he laid a bone-handled/knife and
fork.
He lifted a cover of a pot which was
boling upon the stove, took down a
tin can of yellow meal, and let it sift


through his fingers into the pot, all the By this time the tears were rolling
while stirring it briskly and keeping fast down the child's excited face, and
up a steady conversation with Thomas, something dropped ,with a big splash
who sat watching his movements with into the pewter cup which Uncle Jon-
wide, yellow eyes. Suddenly he paused than had taken up to fill with milk.
and listened. "Come, come," he said, clearing his
"Thomas, did you hear a knock?" he throat two or three times; "we are for-
an kd. "Now we over open the shonD gettin all about our supper. Come,
;i{f ?g s m aso stam re mInm n eani: n{{a mw.: .? Sf ^
everybody knows that; still Thomas, be my boy you must sit on Uncle Jon-
we must see who it is." than's knee and drink milk from this
So after pushing the bubbling seeth- nice cup. It's Thomas's milk, but
ing pudding to the back of the stove, Thomas wont care; he'll hunt a nice
he took the light and, followed sedate- fat little mouse with a long tail for
ly by Thomas passed through the store his supper."
to the front door. Ah! it was a merry supper; the
"Who's there?" he called, pudding and the creamy milk were the
It was a child's voice replied, but so most delicious the children had ever
faintly he could not understand the eaten. Bit by bit their sad little story
words. Children always appealed to came out.
Uncle Jonathan's heart, so he set down They had no one, and Uncle Jona-
the lamp and made haste to open the than had no one, so it is not strange
door. that the old customers were surprised
It was a little girl with a large bun- next morning by a quiet, bright-faced
die in her arms. The night was clear little girl behind the counter, and that
but very cold, and the sharp air cut a yellow-haired, red cheeked baby
like a knife, and threatened to blow toddled about the store and made
out the light, so that Uncle Jonathan friends with every one.
had to close the door to a little crack "Some of your folks turned up at
a most inhospitable way, he thought, last?" they said and Uncle Jonathan
to talk with a child, nodded his head with his face beaming
"Come inside my dear, and tell me with such happiness, that the custom-
fiat ys w i*i ijf: toWo u old to ie ra 2!! onafftultated himl and went
standing here." out feeling as though aiiiiethlng good
"Please, sir," said the girl, as lie had come into their own lives.-H. E.
closed the door, "you wanted a boy." Hawley, in Waverly Magazine.
"Yes-so I do; do you know one?" *
She did not reply at once, but com-
menced tugging at the bundle she held RAINY SUNDAYS THAT
in her arms; it was a heavy shawl, and
when she found the head of a fractious WEREN'T HORRID.
pin and pulled it out the shawl fell "I do think," said Bess Bradley to
away from the tumbled head and rosy her dear friend and confidante, as they
cheeks of a baby boy, of perhaps two walked to school together one bright
years of age. Monday morning, "that rainy Sundays
"Bless my stars!" exclaimed Uncle Monday horning hat rainy Sundays
Jonathan. "It's a baby." are just horrid-don't you Gladys?"
Jonathan. "IBt's a baby.""No," said Gladys, with a laugh; "I
"Yes, sir," said the girl. "But it's a think they are very nice."
oy.en Uncle Jonathan laughed.How "Why, Gladys Merrill! how can you
Then Uncle Jonathan laughed. Howsay so?" asked Bess, turning an
he did laugh and shake and chuckle, amazed look upon her friend
while the children watched him with aell, f you have any doubts about
great, round, serious eyes. the matter, I will say to you what
"Please sir.-you said you wanted a Philip aid to Nathaniel 'Come and
boy." The childswvoice was so sad, so see.' "an n
reproachful, that Uncle Jonathan im- Not many weeks after this Bess
mediately stopped laughing. Not ay ws, Bess
mediately stopped laughing. opened her eyes one Sunday morning
"I did-I did, my dear, but one big to find a steady down pour of rain, and
enough to help me in the store. Now, for the first time in her mother's rec-
If you were a boy you could ary pa- ollectlon upon such an occasion, came
pers you see, but a baby-" Again he down to breakfast with a smile on her
broke into a hearty peal of laughter in face.
which the baby joined clapping his "Bess looks as if she had seen some
hands, sunshine behind the clouds," said her
"That's right, my little man, you brother Mack, teasingly.
see the funny side, don't you? And sis "No, I haven't," said Bess; "but I've
ter mustn't cry," as he saw two big been invited over to Gladys Merrill's
tparq #teal down the girl's face. "I'll thin after r h9w to find
tell you what we'll do. Come Into the sometr n tond
back room and talk it over; the pud- Papa and Mamma exchanged a look
ding is done." of satisfaction, but said nothing.
The magic word pudding dried the Promptly at two clok Bess was
tears and while Uncle Jonathan busied ushered int the dining room of the
himself putting on an extra blue and Merrill's which presented a bright and
white plate, cup and sauce, and a pew- cheery appearance in contrast to the
ter mug which he took from the top gloom outside. Gladys and her brother
shelf of the cupboard, the child took were seated at the table, which was
off her own ragged jacket and hood covered with a bright red cloth and
and released the baby from his impris- an open fire sent its ruddy glow over
onment in the gray shawl. the whole room. Upon the table were
"What is your name?" he asked.
"WMaryt MyacDonald he ased. a number of books, several Bibles and
"Pnary MacDonald sir and Ink. Bess received a hearty
name is Roderic." welcome and after being denuded of
"Scotch." said Uncle Jonathan. or ewo ai ler te celbaed
"Scotch." said Uncle Jonathan. her out-door wraps, was given a seat
"That is good honest stock, isn't it, between Gladys and Geoffery.
Thomas m- Oh what pretty scrap books!" she
Thomas was making the most friend- exclaimed as her eyes fell upon several
ly overtures to the baby, who in turn spread open upon the table. "Where
viewed him with round eyes of delight did you get them?"
and wonderment, and made frantic Mamma made them." said Gladys.
grabs at the waving tail and the yel- "The leaves are strips of holland,
low eyes. But, withal, Thomas was which you can get at any place where
wary and managed to keep just out of they make window shades, as they
his babyship's fingers.
"Where 'is-where is your mother?" throw them away. Some, you see, are a
"hereis-whereIs your mother?" foot wide. Mamma cuts them into
Uncle Jonathan asked this question equal-sized sheets, and sews them to-
hesitatingly, for the children didn't gether, and puts on a card-board eo-
show much evidence of a mother's gather, and puts on a card-board coy-
care.
Mother died two weeks ago;" and During the Summer Season, cramps
Mlary's voice broke. "And father went
away when Roddy was a tiny little ba- come upon us suddenly and remain un-
by; and oh, sir,"-it seemed as if the ril the pain is driven away by a dose
warmth of the room and Uncle Jona- or two of Pain-Killer, the celebrated
than's kindly manner had suddenly cure for all summer complaints, from
given her confidence "I am too little
to sew as mother did, you see, I am simple cramps to the most aggravated,
only eleven this winter sir, and I can't forms of cholera morbus or dysentery.
earn any money. You said you want- No household should be without the
ed a boy. I thought Roddy might do, Pain-Killer. Avoid substitutes, there
he is such a good little boy: he hardly.
ever cries. And if you would let me is but one Pain-Kller, Perry Davis'.
come in and see him sometimes." 25 and 50 cents. 1


CATARRH

The Mother of Consumption.
oew ths Dred Dms May be Prevewd ad
Cre--The Oratest of Specit Writes
I -mm uulC m
y thi Ido notmeanthat eerycaset catari de.
elopesl into coDsumDptio, buti
do mean that catarrh when un-
checked, and when given the
pror Opportunittes for exte.
in from ite place of beginning.
which is the usuaL

atrrh seldom dros n
cosederable part of thbe muoo
surface of the upper air pes
ages; it inflame' and ooge
unusually o sup r-
n abontand offensive-di
charge; .ut when It rche the Intenoely delicate
llnix of the hair-ltk ln t tubes and title mn celt,
the iamao aa d ongesU on which It caa
cloes thae anlai r msee and, allowing the
putriddobarged tt acmae, catosaa o
Uoontumpoof the Lng.
THE TBNDENCY OP CATARRH.
The tendency of etarrh. when tbasonoceobtaed
a foothold in any portion of the mu comemrane
which line every cavity of the body, s to cotantly
extend In every direction.
Catarrh n aimt every Instance starts with what s
ommonly wneasco in the hed. This old
added to by another, beuaa of some extra export
orweakenin of t-e stem and becomes e
Nasaleatarrh Is he result Unles a radical cureof
thiscondtio m ected, the dlesae tae rapdl
to the threat to the bronchial tubes endU tothe
langs. NmW usflB.
OUNnUMPUM OHM"anoo ur.J
be made for a man any more than new mngersca
newnose; but catrrh can be curedin allt lesia
except a nal and always fataloe.
A CERTAs CURB.
In an experience of tweny year during whih
time I have treated many tou nd of cases of a
form of catar. I hare never yet failed to Mfseta
radical and rmanent ur. Te method Iemlor
Is one elsm mown. andthe remedies wUcI
uearep ared adermy personal direction In my
any eole imagine they have onsumption wasa
in reality the disease has not quite reached that
stage.. 1 am tretisU and ensuing cases of this sort
eery-dy. So lo a the proe of decay heo
begun int Ib lun themselves, lan make te patient
peety we and strong again.
BeWM AT ONCE.
Let me ones more urse an catarrhal sufferers to
begintreatment at once for a month of treatm t
now better than the three months later on.
I nmake for the next month a pelally low fee
for the treatment of catrrh not complicated by
other diss. maki no extra charge lor allme
ilesMeo. that may be required.
J. NMK TON MATHAWAY, M. D.
Dr. Hathawary 00.
SBryan Street, awv naaa. as.
LfItoxN TrIS PAPB= wanW WMINmXa

TRUSSES, .5 L-25 AND UP


ALWAYS KEEP ON HAND


iv-Killev
There is no kind of pain
or ache, Internal or exter-
nal, that Pain-Killer will

LOOK OUT FOR IMITATIONS AND SUB-
STITUTES. THE GENUINE BOTTLE
SEARS THE NAME,
PERRY DAVIS A SON.




Don't Stop



cause as warm wuatle .
KPo taking it Until your

It will heal your lungs &an
&ive you tAch bood in sum-
umr as in wintse. It's d
liver oil made eas.
s0. andAli. All drauts.


Subscribe to the Florida Agricultur
1st.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 531


er, over which she has sewn bright-col-
ored silesia or cambric. After putting
a pretty picture on the front cover, the
book is ready for the pictures."
"But where did you get all these love-
ly pictures?" said Bess, as she turned
the pages over in admiration.
"We cut them out from papers and
magazines and on rainy Saturdays trim
them off neatly and paste them into the
the books," said Gladys.
"But if you do all this work on Sat-
Uirda, what do 761 do on B8unday?"
said Bess, nuzzled.
"Oh, we find lots to do!" said Gladys,
laughing. "You notice, up to a certain
page, each picture has some writing
under it. We hunt through the Bible
until we find a verse to suit the picture
and this we write under it, with the
name of the book, chapter and verse
where it is found. My book contains
flowers, trees and plants. Geoffery's
is all animals and birds, and those oth-
ers are different things. Do you see
tlat lovely 01bUef or paB nsl? wel, i
hunted in the Bible for half an hour,
and couldn't find a thing, so mamma
said a verse about flowers would do,
and so I wrote this one: 'The grass
withereth, and the flower thereof fad-
eth away? but the Word of the Lord
endureth forever. (1 Pet. 1:24, 25) I
have had no trouble about the rose and
the lily unless it was to make a choice."
"Yes," said Geoffery, "and that was
my trouble about the horse, the sheep
and the lamb; but I have a number of
them in my book, and so could use a
number of verses. I have just found
a good one for this splendid-looking
aisse was is reamsfs &aa wFsaetas.^
And Bess watched him as he wrote,
in a clear round hand, "He paweth in
the valley and rejoiceth in his
strength." (Job 39:21.) Upon the oppo-
site page, under the picture of a pea-
cock with out spread tail, was written,
"Gavest thou the goodly wings unto the
peacocks?" (Job 39: 13.)
"You'd be surprised, Bess," said Glad-
ys, "to find how many verses you can
find about things you wouldn't think
were in the Bible. In one of the other
books I put a picture of a little baby
sitting on a basin and seeming to be
a little cherub coming out of the clouds
but it was an adrerirscmcnt for a cer-
tain kind of soap and the clouds were
lather, and this is the verse I found for
it: 'But who may abide the day of his
coming? and who shall stand when he
appeareth? for ht is like a refiner's fire
and like fullers' soap.'"
"I think this is just splendid!" said
Bess. "Can I help any?"
She was given one of the unfinished
books and a Bible, and the hours flew
by only too quickly.
Mrs. Merrill's entrance, carrying a
plate of rosy cheeked apples in one
hand, and leading littleag ttlPaul by the
other, put an end to their work. They
rxatersal round her an noh neated hb-
selr before the ira, and, between bites,
answered her questions.
"I want each one of you to give the
name or names of some personage men-
tioned in the Bible beginning with the
letter A." she said.
"Abel" "Aaron" "Abraham" "Adam"
and other were called out. When no
more cduld be thaognt of, they pRoted
on to B. Little Paul waited silently
Sand eagerly until P was reached and
Then shouted:
"Paul Philip Merrill!"
The tea bell stopped them before they
reached tiu oa-d Of ti e aLVM TUI
Mrs. Merrill said they would finish next
time, and then go back and tell all
they knew about the different ones
mentioned. ,
t jij4i I a warm invitation to stay
to tea, Bess departed, aeelaring se
never would say again that rainy Sun-
days were horrid, and that she also
knew what she was going to do on the
very next rainy Saturday.-Jessie E.
Baldwin In the Sunday School Times.

Home remedies.
Bread soaked in vinegar and applied
is excellent for a bruise and cold tur-
pentine affords relief. Children fre-
quently tumble about when beginning
to walk and knock their heads against
something hard. A big lump often ap-
pears. A piece of raw beef laid on at
once will soon cause it to lessen in
size, and vaseline or butter should be
applied afterward to prevent discolor-
ation.


--
















lo_= o
S tA

















When one goes home at night after















ful than bathing the head and back of
the aneck with a towel wrung out of
gn 2o T





































relief .
ao a










tohach, and



















a little of the common c~ impound














tincture of benzoin, sold everywhere In
drug stores. Put a few drops on cotton






























and place it in or around the tooth.
enlemen.- he fertilizer was re-

































plied.
S ong e have been

















ing to get people here to fertilize
A'von Park, Fla., Aug.

























A dull hoe and a badly fitting collar
peles. Sharpen t ohe hoe and buy a
collar. The time and the money will













be well invested.
?1P a











































QVR 2REATESrO SPECIALIST.
For2it 0 -Drit he Newton lath-













&Way has so successfully treated
hroni diseases that he i aeknowledg- a
led to-day to stand at the head of abi
lihe o th aomwon ou po




















methodrug stores. Put a few drops on cottonele
and place t in or around the oothf knife
ost Econ ical anres d Satisatory. a
Ea. e a e ., treatment of loss of

ceived in good order and hordersen aKid-
ny and Urinary Complaintslie, Paraly-
For a longed Poisoning, Rheumave been labor-
ing to get people here to fertilizer
their groves and s peach orchards more
lieraway's prand cticeways more than double


rvonoue hopeless by othe physi
A dull hoe and a badly Atting collar
for the hrioc Sae atting wspeai ton
peles. Sharpen the hoe and buy a
collar. The time and the money willnd










beans, raily yiel tswell inreatmen


worte h0im today flly abwon yoHathse
a hn a e is O accessfullnd treated
aros ieco dsealos t at he ais a cknowledg-

ied to-day to ste and at the head of his a









proforalon ig tis lime, Hia exclusive
methrod of treatment or Var icocele








and strlotou witho the aid of knife
or cautery, andcures in 90 per cent. of a ll
cases. In the mat ea nm of loss of t
Vital forces, Nevous Disorders, Kid- ll









ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
Avs, Blood P oisoninga, Rheumatm Ca-
tarrhd e and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's prac time Is morhe than double








that of any other specialist. Cases
pe ronounced hopeless by other physi-

ians, rapidly yield to hisus treatment.
Write him to-day fully about your ase.


------- -- - - - - - - - - -- -


W/ INCHESTE

FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUNSHELLS

4 "a tRft.IJ, 'Leae,"i gpRent r.. PP
S Insist upon having them, take no other and you will get the bet shells that money can buy.
4 ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
'v v y-. -,v-v-v ww r-r-w- r -v-v v w-. r v v ,lr..rrwv-rW


Farmers' Attention I

SPECIAL
SPRING
GOODS

Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
GEORGIA STOCKS.
SPRAYING O,2IT.8s
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies

Poultry Netting !Wp. Columbid Bicycles
CHARTER OAK STOVES,
CARRARA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PUMPS
WRITE FOR PRICES.
OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.


MIrn IUEAI gOkeOCK & CO. (Inc.) Chicago, III.

He makes no charge for consultation THE U. 8. LIVE STOCK REMEDY has
or advio e oithoer at his offle or b Dorovad moat affolont in Dreavntin and
maBil. J. Ut e L lAWAY, 2. 8 MsaPR utg an& unEa a ama O i f? i s
Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga. kindred diseases. It Is also a flue con-
dition powder. Sales are increasing. If
your dealer don't keep it we will mail
it to you on receipt of price 215 per a%
lb. Liberal discount to dealers. ISAAC
MORGAN, Agent. Kissimmee, Fla. 1 t


The Tangen Fruit Brushers.
Patented Mch. 8 1898 & Apr. 11 1899.
These machines for brushing and
pefgl!s g puft will gfaay lpMFV?? tea
appearance of any pack of oranges or
lemons at a very slight cost, and with-
out damage to the fruit.
They are past the experimental stage,
having bruoled more that 10,000 cans
of these fruits in California.
Circulars on application.
WRIGHT BROTHERS,
Riverside, Cal.

O B TT Ba
Parties intending visiting Cuba will
do well to correspond with me about
lands, etc. Use 5c. postage.
THOSE. R. TOWNS,
Quiebra Hacha, Cuba.
P. delRio Province.


WE HAVE onmpleise 11A American man-
ufacturers. Can buy for you at lowest
prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
gines, boilers. incubators, windmills, or
anything wanted. Correspondence so-
licited. AMERICAN TRADES AGENCY
Jacksonville. Fla. itf

Tatck. HT Coal. CU,
-B ^al Pauticul.,atteatioatorep515.
risfacti ram..d.
JESSE MARDEII
100 5. O ant.M -.







Tbo muds of tgden.
eridependon PFerryaeeds
every year and never sufer
dl.ppolntment. Cheap subei-
tutee bring los. not paying eromp
It Pays to pay a little more for
FumY's BsanM Five cent per pa
everywhere, and always worth it.
Al the e aL. I ed Annualree.
S. W. & OL ,K T M OT, O f


I


1


.I











532 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

WITH THE JOKER. "Nobody ever accused me of being a
-politician out of a job," said Senator
A man charged with a minor offense Sorghum, blandly.
escaped from Georgia and fled to North "No," answered the guileless person
Carvna. When notified nf his arrest who taken g eYVgrtng trly4 .Throi "It T ret Throt Car Lin From Florida
inthat state, a rural sheriff wired: was only the other day that I heard Te t Thrugh C Li r lria.
"Don't bring him back, just tar and some one saying you came pretty near
feather him." being mixed up in every job that came CONNECTIONS.
The following reply was received by along."-Washington Star. O/ C IO
the Georgia sheriff shortly afterward:
"We gave the tar free, but you'll
have to foot the bill for the feathers- "Wel," asked an acqaintance,ho THE ATLANTIC (OAST LINE, via Charles on
$2. Please remit."-Atlanta Constitu- is that boy of yours getting along at R d ad
tion.college?" Richmond and Washington.
wtn nton. "I tell you," said the proud father. To e n
"Well, my little man," said the who had just returned from a visit to THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co-
preachom when Johnny anterod the ar- tile yvung man, "Arth's getting to be a lmbia anti Washingtou,
lor to entertain him while Mrs. Grim- good deal of a swell. He plays lawn
shaw was looking after dinner, "can tennis and says 'By Jove.' "-Chicago via A all
you tell me how old you are?" Tribune The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and hatta
"Nope" the little man replied.outhern Ry via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattat
"What! Can't tell me how old you "Talk about your sweet girl gradu- The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
are? Come now, I feel sure you can." ates!" whispered the enthusiastic To The The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Asheviil
"Nope. Ma'd give me a licken if 1 young man in the audience, turning lo The Mobile Ohio R. R. via ntgomery.
did. I ain't never allowed to tell how speak to a total stranger as a fairyThe Moble & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.
old I am, because they might charge creature in white came to the front of
for me on the cars."Chicago Times- the platform, essay in hand. "Isn't sle
Herald. a peach?" Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for New
erintndent-Did hepurchase You'd better be careful how you York, Philadelphia and Boston.
Superintendent--Did he purchase a talk about that girl," said the stranger, ToThe
copy of that commonplace book. lp i
Salesman-Not even when I assured "She's my sister." Via avannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta-
himIt was a work without which no You'd better be careful how you
him t was a work without which no talk about her yourself," retorted the tion Company for Baltimore.
gentleman's library was complete. enthusiastic one, "she's my sweetheart." i ste p
Superintendent-In other words, he -Chicago Tribne
considered himself no gentleman and Chicago Tribune. To KEY WEST Via P NINSULAR & OCCIDENTA
that therefore his library was complete. Vi P NIN ULA & CIN AL
-Boston Transcript. "I should like to get a patent on this fND
improved wedding ring," said the Chi- N STEAI1SHIP CO.
cago inventor as he entered the pat- IHAlV NA
"I have been considering your appli- out office at Washington. NOVA SCOTIA
cation for an editorial position," said "Anything novel about it?" inquired AVia Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
the managing editor, "and I sent for one of the examiners. CAPE BRETON& STEAMSHP IN for Halifax Hawkebury
yon to-day that I might get some idea "Yec STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkeebury
you to-day that I might get some idea "Yes, sir," replied the Chicago in- PRINCE EDWARDS
of your style." ventor, "it is adjustable."-Harper's and Charlottestown.
"Just so," replied the bright young Bazar. ISLAND....
man. "Well, you will observe, I am
wearing a blue suit, plain, but well cut, I would like," she said moving shy- S E excursion T tickets
thing for this time of the year. Will erI t Ehcint, "
?lars for my husband."
I do?""Yes, ma'am,answered the affable to all Summer Besorts will b olmeed on sale September 30th.
clerk: "What number, please?" The IAT SYSTEM Is tenly Le rem i lerida with Through Sfaplg-C
"Tommy," said the little fellow's Then she flared up and replied, "Sir! TAN "" 's theo service to the Smmer Reserts of
mother reprovinglyy, "you should not The church I belong to doesn't recog-
hit Freddy when he hits you. You nize divorces, and we have only lived WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA and
should heap coals of fire on his head, in Chicago six months, anyway." Chi- THE MOUNTAINS OF VIRGINIA.
as the Bible tells you to." cago Times-Herald.
And yet she felt surprised, on coming
in that afternoon to find the fire engine Bighead-Isn't it strange the way lFor information as to rates, sleeping-c ar services, reservations, etc., write to
hard at work on the house, and Fred the nations are acting? Americans ex- F. M. JOLLY, Div sion Passenger Agent.
dy being carried away on a stretcher press sympathy with Kruger, the Can- 138 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
to the hospital-Pick-Me-Up. adians with Aguinaldo, and the Rus- B. LDENHAM, B. W. WRENN,
sians with Cronje. Gen. Supt. Pass. Traffic Mng'r.
"A musician out of work, are you?" Wiseun-Oh! I don't know. That is SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
said the housekeeper. "You'll find about as close as Christian nations can
few cords in the wood shed. Suppose get to the divine command. They love
you favor me with an obligato." one another's enemies.-Puck. CN ST E AP
"Pardon the pronunciation, mad-
am," replied Peripatetic Padroosky, O S CO
"but Copin is not a favorite of mine "I have your consent then to make
"but Chopin is no favorite with me." suit to your daughter?"
Catholic Standard and- Times. "You have, young man, but I'm forc-
ed to tell you beforehand that it will
not avail you."
Some one took Charlie up and asked "Why not pray?"
him if he was papa's boy. He an- "Because she is pleased with noth-
swered, "Yes." ing."
"And you're mamma's boy too?" "Ah, but I am certain I can please
"Yes,"replied Charlie. her."-Richmond Dispatch.
"Well, how can you be papa's boy
and mamma'n boy at the rame time,"
"Oh," replied Charlie quite indiffer- "Here's my bonnet, just come Iliuue'."
ently, can't a wagon have two horses?" said the publisher's wife.
lIe watched her open the box, and re
Biggs-On my last trip to Europe I move layer after layer of tissue paper.
lost $200 betting on the ship's daily "Gee whiz!" lie exclaimed. "now I .
run. understand why it cost so iiuclh." lit
Boggs-You must have been very uu- had had some experience with the pim "SAVANNAH LINE"
luery. per trurt himn(-If, rilii l I'rrni wm *. T
Biggs-Yes; I found out afterwards Y A A A
that I had been betting with the chief Ieiutenant Colonel H. H. Sargan I L
engineer.-New York Journal. U.S. ., tells many enjoyable war
stories. Once when instructing sorme
"Well, Johnny, I shall forgive you men. he asked, "When you are onl th FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
this time, and it's very pretty of you skirmish line, and suddenly encounter
to write a letter to say you are sorry."' ie enemy what would you do?" .. FROM
"Yes, ma. Don't tear it up, please." "Fall flat." "And what next?" "St;ay LORIDA o-
"Why, Johnny?" there." FLORIDA TO NEW YORK,
"Because it will do for the next On another occasion he was ques-
time."-Cincinnati Commercal Tribune. tioning a man respecting his absence BOSTON AN D Tf EAST.
for six hours.
Willie Good-Pa, our teacher says "I was chasing a Filipino all hour.
that "lect" and "congregate" mea How about the other live hours? SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, OEORGIA.
Re. Good-same thing.Well, you tell your teach "The Filipino llnd his friends were Thence via Palatial Express Steamships, sailings from Savannah, Four Ships each week
Rev. Good ou tell your teach to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston ship or found Lines.
er that you have information that there chasing me, sir." Philadelphia PIost. All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write
Is considerable' difference between a for general information, sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
tramgflin, an an i ll noi flonn- all anurIlea h reI m leran ~ ra-rrnr E:f "-p? waO?zrnaVf fir, ArTEB. H.YES' !s) f=:: E-i
ipore AmeiriCcA. able Dairiying. savaunall, Ca. 24 w. W ay st., JaeioaylvulE. Fi











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 333


yrrOTTPTAWA

The Florida East Coast railway has
made a voluntary reduction of freight
rates on its lines between Miami and
Jacksonville.
The new school building at Cocoa is
nearing completion and it is expected
that it will be ready for occupancy by
the first of October.
A large cargo of naval stores, ac-
cording to the Tampa Herald, will be
shipped September Ist. from Tampa in
the Norwegian bark Parknoor, which
has been chartered for the purpose by
the Naval Stores company.
Mr. E. E. Skipper, one day last
week purchased thirty-five fine young
Devon cattle from Mr. Wm. Norton,
of Haines City. Mr. Skipper drove
them to his pastures and will keep
* them for breeding purposes, thereby
improving his stock of cattle.--Bairtow
Courier Informant.
Cocoa is to have a new town hall. It
is to be a handsome two story build-
ing, twenty-five by sixty-five feet and
fitted up with all modern conveniences
The first floor is to be divided up into
office rooms, but the second floor is to
be one large commodious hall.
August p7th and no mosquitoes
yet. Let us hope that they have been
visited with some dire pestilence like
small pox or bubonic plague, and that
we shall not be bothered with them
again at any rate we have never experi-
enced such summer on Indian river
before.-East Coast Advocate.
As a successful corn grower H. H.
Chappel takes the grainery. He is ex-
hibiting some stalks that measure 12
feet to the first ear and 17 1-2 feet to
the tassel and it is still growing. This
beats Kansas, and the story of "Chap
and the cornstalk" knocks out "Jack
and the Beanstalk" cold. -Sanford
Chronicle.


The fish season opened yesterday
and the .large number of our citizens
interested and engaged in this business
are hopeful of a profitable season.
Most of the Cortez fisherman who
came originally from North Carolina
and who have been visiting in that
state for some time, have arrived home
-Braidentown News.
Recently a number of men employed
on the grounds at the Colonial hotel.
Nassau, unearthed a lot of quicksilver
amounting to 13 pounds. The question
is, how did the quicksilver come there?
Mr. Alfred Cox, of Eden, has sold
his pineapple plantation to Mr. S. F.
Webb. Mr. Cox will leave for Enig-
land, where he has relatives.
Mr. Eugene Jackson has taken a
position" as bookkeeper with the Grif-
fing Brothers company of the Pomona
nurseries of Macclenny and Jackson-
ville. The people of Bartow regret
that Eugene finds it necessary to go
elsewhere for business, and wish him
success and an early return to his
own county.-Bartow Courier Infor-
mant.
Joseph Cameron has purchased the
orange grove property formerly
owned by A. Robins, at Paola. and will
make it his residence. It is a fine
piece of property, and Mr. Cameron
will conduct general farming and plant
cassava, corn and general crops. The
grove will also be cared for and the
trees rebudded. He will also pay at-
tention to his fine stock of beef cattle.
-Times Union and Citizen.
Master Thomas Shumate exhibited
to this office last Monday a remark-
ably fine stalk of sorghum cane. By
actual measurement it is twelve feet
and four inches in height. This is an
excellent plant for forage when the
sugar in it matures. Tommie's land
seems to suit it and he will- have no
trouble in keeping his pigs fat if he
has plenty of it to throw to them.-
Bartow Courier Informant.
Mr. H. Chappel has returned from
Sorrento where he purchased 11,ooo
feet of 6-inch tile and a carload of
brick. It will be used to drain a five
acre plot of vegetable land. The lot
makes three carloads, and is due here
this week. The Sorrento Brick and Tile
company are having remarkable suc-
cess with their product of tile, and it is
giving satisfaction. It is ell to know
this material can be produced so near


home, as good, if not better, than any
made.-Sanford Chronicle.

Ripe Japan persimmons are in the Florida ast ast Ry
market and we are reveling in this
luscious fruit. Our northern friends
are beginning to appreciate this fruit. SOtTH BOUND (Bead Down.) Corrected to Aug. 10,130. (Read Up) NORTH BOUND.
and the demand is increasing %ith W No. No. .
each year. There is nothing more Daly No. 27. STATIONS. No. 2. Dly Day
delicious for breakfast than a thoro-
-iuh rnen!c~Cnne* #T A - ZX-=.


ugly r1lpe pe CL IIImmoII n serv w hn
cream.-Bartow Courier-Informant.
The seasons have been very fine so
far on orange trees. Rain has come
right in the nick of time in every in-
stance, and the oranges are holding to
the trees well. If the August and Sep-
tember gales are not severe the crop
will be unusually large. The gales are
the only danger that can now confront
the growers.-Titusville Advocate.
Rev. Lyman Phelps is having his
property adjoining the buildings of the
Plant System and Southern Express
company on Commercial street fenced
and the land prepared for celery. An
artesian well has been driven and a
thorough system of drainage and irri-
gation out in. This location is close
to the Union depot, and.can be seen
by all passengers or visitors to San-
ford.-Times Union and Citizen.
The movement of beef to Cuba has
been unusually brisk for the past
four months, a ship load going from
Pine Level every ten or fifteen days.
and between times of shipping from
there a load is taken from west of
the Myakka. For years the cattle
industry has been the source of money
supply for that section, but orange
are rapidly coming to the front and
bid fair quite early to overshadow all
other Industries.-Bartow Courier In-
formant.
The Tampa Herald of August 14th
contains this interesting item about
the growth of the cigar industry in
Tampai "The total number of cases
shipped for the present year is 14.272
These cases contained 71,210000oooo cigars
For the corresponding period of last
year there were o1,306 cases of cigars
shipped, or just 3.926 cases less than
has been shipped this year. Last
years' shipments numbered 51.530,000
cigars, which is 19,680,000 less cigars
than have been shipped this year."


0 *
Value of Toads.
Have you learned to value the full
worth of toads in your warfare against
Insects? Do yon Instruct the boys
that they are genuine friends, not en-
emies? If not, learn this lesson from
the farmers of France. In many rural
communities the Prenchmen put np
boards with this inscription: "Toads
help agriculture: destroy twenty to
thirty insects each hourly. Don't kill
toads." And this of birds: "Birds.
Each department of France loses year-
ly millions of francs by Injury done by
insects. Don't kill the birds."-Vick's
Magazine.
C
Well-Pleased 1an.
E. 0. Painter & Co.. Jacksonrille. Fla.:
Gentlemen.-Within the past week
I have seen the owners and groves on
which were applied last year your fer-
tilizers. Special Mixtures. June 6. 18991
and Oct 3. 1899-two radically different
mixtures for auite dissimilar groves,
and conditions, but I find a pair of well-
pleased men, to say the least.
Respectfully. J. C. CRAVER.
Sutherland. Fla., June 16, 19oo.


JULY Ist WE CUT
ces, and bettered the quality of Page Fences.
rite for New Price List, or see our agent.
P1AK WOVIIN WIREB FENCE 0C0, ADEIAN,ICH.


111111 PAGE


"Certificate Am.


p I0 Un LV........ Jacksonville ........Ar
6 11 10a Ar....... St. Augustine .......L
0p 11 15 Lv....... St. Augnstine.......Ar
557p114 ........ Hastings.........Lv
S 12pipAr... East Palatka.......
Olp12W Ar ........... Palatka........ Lv
50p 11 0aLv ...........Palatha..... .....Ar
25p .. Ar....S.....anMateo......... Lv
... 6 Lv........ an Mateo.........Ar
S15p Lv....... East Palatka.......Ar
742p 1 28 ........ Ormond .....Lv
UBp 18p "........... ytons.......... ..
805p 47p ".........PortOrange........."
838p 2 "........New Smyrna...... "
...... 2p ..........a ... ......
...... .......... Tituaville........... "
...... aSp ..........Cty Point..........
.... p ....... .. Ceboune........... -
.... :p .. ...:.Bo:: elande.........."
:.... : ::" .........:: t Piere.....
p .............. Melborne............
...:: g8S .2:::::::i 'eg a^:::::::::

.. .... p ........... tdena.............
"......... ol Ie.........
...... p ..........West Jupiter..........
......... HobetBoun .........

.. 5g "...WestPalm Beach......
Sp .......... Boyntona.......... "
..... I .......... Delray .........
p.. .....Fort Iauderdale......
.. 10 .........emon City......... "
...... 10 pAr ..............Miami.......... Lv


Boffett Parlor Oars on Trains 85 and 78.
Between Jackm oville, Pablo Baoh and Maywort.
TATIO No 1No.17 No.19 No.W21No.2 No. No.X7 Noso
TATION. IDay ly Dailyly Sun Sun 8n 2
Sexn ;jx ex |only only
Lv. Jacksonville...................... 710 40tp T i- 90 2p f1050s
Ar. Pablo Beach...................... .... 7 45a 525 T Ilp 10 M ...
ayport... ..... .................. .. ... .... 1 800 40 ...........
STATION&. Io.16 o=18 INo. 0No.2 No.24 No No 0SUoL.81 N
STATeONS Daly Daily Daly Dally sun Si un SUB l .
.- x -gx8 au only o- Deny
Lv. ypot................................ I S ...... S ..
" PabloBeach.......................... 06a 5Up 900p 80oU1 a 0ip8
Ar.Jackson vle.......................... Ia 8. .10 0 6 .".IOP 3
Between New Smayran a Oras Bteur ew Tiuasvtlle anad sated.
City JuotionL No.U 8TATIOS. Nool
No.8. No.. STATIONS. 2 To. v......... Tituvill.le.. AiT
10p 0ILv..NewSzm r..Ar2- 6- 7 ........ ...::::
4 1p "O L ..orange ty.. ...........nt ..........Lv
4 Ip l Ar.o age p 9 0 ....... .. a d.......... 1oa
Al tOrange All trains between N e is Titusvlle and Sanford
(ity Junction daily except Sunday. daily except Sunday.
Thm Timu TTabl@s show ih mma at whlah trains may be axomlaa osunMi and depat
from the several stations, but their arrival or departure at the time tated is not gusr-
teed nor does the Oompany hold itsel remponble for any delay or any consequens ari-
Si therefrom.

Steamship Connections at Miami.


HAVANA LINE. -
Leave Miami Tuesdy..........1.... p.0 m. Arrive Key We Wedaesdays...... ILa. .
Leave Key West Wednesays....... 80 p. Arrive Bav h as. ...L0 a.
Leave Havana Thursda. ...........10.0a. Arrive ey W Thr s........ L.80p. m.
Learo Key Woet Th-radyar.....,,, .,. l, Arrive Miami Piday ................ aQ aLum.


S- KEY WEST LINE. -
Leave Miai Frda................11.00p.m. Arriv KeyWet trdaya.........U.00a. m.
LeaKey West Sndays............ 80 p. m. Arrive Miami Mond .............. a a. m.
Paeengers for Havana can leave Miami Fridays ll.u p. m., arriving Key Wesa Saturday
11 00 a. m., and remain in Key West until O00 p. m. Sunday foUowing, and at that time leave
on the Steamship "Olivette," arriving Havana Monday ma ing.
For copy of local time card addrem
J. P. BEOKWITH, Trafo Manager. J. D. B.AHlNBM A. G. P. A.
St. Agnattun.


The Practical
AND SIMPLE
BARBED WIRE
FENCE BUILDER.
PRICE $oo.00
V. SCHMELZ,
SylvanLake, Fla
Int. Fair."


I io


Ir ,
CLI;~









634 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.






HOW TO GET A TON OF FERTILIZE


S.L J FOR $2.00 .



lo,ooo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AORICULTURIST within the next six months.
Every Thirtieth person remitting $2.oo for a year's subscription will be given an order for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired . . .

HOW TO DO IT.

Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. O. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for one
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
.............................. 1900 multiple of 30, as 60, 90, 300, etc., you can order a
a ssrsi 9 PDINTER co. ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
S Pss. Plorida AgriculriK, Pleit3 cif ii nfriffid yuii g fi wis Agfilul'tu-
DeLand, Fa. ist at the regular price of $2.per year and have one
Gentlemen-Pleas find enclosed $2.00 for one year's sub- chance in 0 of ettin a ton of high grade fertilizer
scription to the Florida Agriculturist to begin at once.t cance 30 o gettinta hig gra ertiizer
is understood that should the number of my receipt be 30 beside. This may be YOUR opportunity.
or any multiple of that number, I can order a ton of any
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. cars at Jacksonville, Fla., without further expense E PA T
to me.
hippin Point................................. 0. PAINTER & CO
Freight Depot...........................................
P. O. Address .............................................. Publishers,
Note-If the station to which the fertilizer is to be shipped is a nr AND, FLORI DA
"prepay." amount of fright must be forwarded with instructions. F R Ltl DA.


Received of E. O. Painter & Co., one This is the first prize I ever drew in my
ton Simon Pure Fertilizer, No. 1, with life and I assure you it is appreciated.
a total cost to me of $2.00 and freight. Very truly yours,
W. H. Bigelow W. H. Bigelow.
Tarpon Springs, FiL., April 9, 1900. E. o. rainier a Co., Javiuont~it Fin,
E. O. Painter A Co., Jacksonille. Fla.: Gentlemen:-I have received a ton of
Gentlemen:-I thank you very much your Simon Pure Fertilizer, which cost
for the ton of fertilizer you have sent me only $2.00 and freight, besides get-
me. I know what it is, as I have used ting the Agriculturist for one year.
it and consider it at least the eqaul of I know from experience that the fer-
any in the market, if not the best. tilizer is the best offered for sale in


Florida and the Agriculturist the grow-
ers true friend. J. C. Mathews.
4
Plant City, Fla.,
5 0, 1000-
IL . Fiiniffr d ri., vcliiifiti, PFi.
Gentlemen:-I hereby acknowledge
the receipt of one ton of your Si-
mon Pure Fertilizer for the sum of
e2.00, having been one of the lucky
numbers who received fertilizer on
your liberal offer to the subscribers to


your most valuable paper, the best ag-
riculturist paper in the state. I prize
this fertilizer very highly as I have
long ago been convinced by actual
~teet:xon fa+m h"at Simon Pure
feiSiiar Fi^ aw e?~K. ?, wamWse a
Co., of Jacksonville, are as good as
can be had. I have used it along side
of and -- and prefer it to
either. Thanking you for past favors
I remain, Yours Respectfully,
Jno. A. Barns.


A High-Grade Fertilizer

MUST HAVE----


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"T Ei1 IDEAL" BRANDS-

r HAVE THESE. )-~.
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE................ $3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.o0 per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... a28.0o per tgn
IDEAL POTATO MANURE .............. $3o.oo per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. ................ $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............$3o.oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER....................$o.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT ITZ7R COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
PiWg Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $1800 per ton. Damavaland Guano, The Ideal Tobacco Fertilier, $44.00 per ton.


40