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Vol. XXVH, No. 34. Jacksoville and DeLnd, Fla., Wednesday, August 22,
Vetch Oultr" for the southern arm.
Bd~or FlorUd Agrswmrt.
The vetch crop in the south should
hold the same position in the farm ec-
onomy that the red clover crop does in
the north, but the farmers of the south
neglect this very important crop far
too much It is am excellent soil reno-
vator equal to if not excelling any of
the clovers in that respect. It also sup-
plies early green feed at a time of the
year when this kind of feed Is scarce.
it thrives on the very poorest of sandy
soil and if the proper fertilizer is used
will yield more tons per acre than
either barley, oats, rye or wheat.
This crop should be planted early in
the fall, September is the best month
to plant in. It will do well to follow
almost any crop, but when land has
shown signs of being run down during
spring and summer, vetch planted ror a
cover crop for the winter months will
do much toward restoring it to the
full fertility. There are often com-
plaints made by those who try this
crop for the flrt time that they fall In
getting a good stand and that plants
come up too thin and spindling to stand
the test of a severe winter. In cases
of that kind the seed has been too thin-
ly sown and it is always best to mix
it with either oats, rye, barley or
wheat, so as to give it the necessary
protection during the earlier stage of
the growth and also help to protect it
somewhat during any severe freezes
that may occur before it gets quite de-
In preparing for the crop the land
should be put in the very best condi-
tion by plowing thoroughly so as to
mug, it should o haarrowed ioronighty
several times so as to make a perfect
seed bed as the seed of the vetch is
very tender and wants the proper sort
of bed to do its best
In fertilizing the crop the plant food
should be applied at the first harrow-
ing so as to get the benefit of all sub-
sequent workings. About 500 pounds
* per acre of a fertilizer analyzing say
8 per cent potash and 8 per cent phos-
phoric acid will be about right. Some
farmers use only phosphoric acid for
the crop, contending that it being a ni-
trogen gatherer and not given to much
seeding (mostly stalk and leaves), that
potash is unnecessary, but this is quite
a mistake as a satisfactory crop can
not be made without potash in the fer-
tiliser and the extra expense for the
potash in this case is true economy.
There are more than one kind of the
veteh family, the one most suitable
ter or sand vetch (Lathyrus Hiroutus).
The Russian or hairy vetch does very
well here also but Is more apt to fire
or scald if we have a wet winter fol-
lowed by a dry spell in early spring.
It also has a trick of what might be
called damping off late in the fall
if It has made a very succulent growth
at the start.
The proper quantity of seed to sow
to get preitable returns is from one
and a half to two bushels per acre,
some use only a bushel to an acre but
that is too little. Half a bushel of oats
rye, barley or wheat should be sown
along with it. If the seed bed for it is
properly prepared by several harrow-
ings, harrowing cross ways of the last
one will cover the seed sufficiently and
if at all possible the land should be
well rolled afterwards. If all thess
matters are attended to and the crop
sown before the eid of September in
this latitude all those who will try a
crop of it I think will be more than
satisfied with results.
C. K. McQuarrie.
De Funiak Springs, Fla.
Cut the Weeds Before They Seed.
This is the tinm of the year for
weeds to blossom and mature, hence
we should make it a point to see that
as few as possible are allowed to go
to seed on our farms. A great many
farmers who take great care in the cul-
tivation of their crops and allow no
weCls to grew among them, will no-
glect the fence rows and roadsides and
permit enough weeds to ripen along
them to seed the whole farm. It takes
but very little time to mow the fence
rows, and it not only prevents the
weeds from going to seed, but protects
the fences, and improves the looks of
the place, enough to pay for the labor
required to mow them. We therefore
receive threefold reward for mowing
the weeds. Old fence rows that are
allowed to grow up with weeds and
bushes as high as the fence, cause the
stock to break the fence down reaching
for the weeds when the pasture is
lbato Thth at a"n11r rsilna th1M rac
out the stoel as well, fo itt teaiBes
them the habit of pushing the fences
down. After the fence rows have been
mowed a few years, it only requires a
short time each year to go around the
fences of the farm and mow the
weeds. If we neglect the weeds and
bushes they will keep crowding the
plow farther from the fence each year
until we soon have fence rows a rod
wide on each side of the fence. Yer-
manent pastures are often neglected,
and thistles, mullen, wild rose bushes
and briars take up more of the ground
than is left for pasture.' I have seen
thistles so thick in blue grass pastures
that it looked as though it would be
impossible for the stock to get through
them. Where such a crop is allowed to
mature it will seed all of the land for
a mile or more in the path of the pre-
vailing wind, as the seeds of the this-
tle will be carried a lone distance by
mnn ntna: flarlaa Balmia te ntnmmmi
during the growing season every five
or six weeks, for the work can be done
in less time if they are trimmed
than if they grow all summer
and then trimmed once after they have
quit growing, and the labor is not near-
ly so hard. I find a corn knife the best
tool for trimming tender hedge, as it
is light and does not tire the arm as
much as a hedge knife which is much
heavier. Hedges trimmed while young
and tender will not have to be piled
and burned as it will dry up and will
make no more trash than young weed..
A good fence can be mane out of old
thin hedge by cutting all crooked and
dead stalks out, leaving the hedge
straight in the row and putting woven
wire fence on the hedge, then keep the
hedge trimmed back close to the wire.
A company has been organized in this
country to build fences of this kind.
There is no more attractive fence than
a well-kept hedge, nor a more slovenly
fence than a neglected one. As fencing
is coming to be one of the great items
of farm expense, it is necessary for
us to use judgment in selecting a
fence. Our natural fence supply is
about exhausted, and it will only be
a few years until we will have to de-
pend on manufactured fencing alto-
gether. One of the first questions
that a man will ask when buying a
farm is "How are the fences?" It will
increase the price of a farm at ;cast
$5 per acre to have good fences and
clean fence rows.-E. E. Rothermel in
Ginseng Trade Affeoted.
Among the trades which have been
affected by the Chinese troubles is that
in American ginseng. The demand for
this article comes almost altogether
from China, and owing to the interrup-
tion of communications in that country
Hong Kong agents have cabled their
principals here that it is useless to
make further shipments. American ex-
porters in consequence have their stock
left upon their hands, prices have fall-
en and are liable to go lower. Accord-
':C. .< 2 f. TMon < !q =Sn Lof Z! Ur1h. A X
tan iin, or iTa namilers street, tne R-11
nation is not so bad as has been re-
"It has been reported," said Mr.
Lowenstein, "that ginseng has fallen
from $4 to $1.75 a pound on account of
the uprising in China. This is doubly
untrue. It is true that the price at
this time last year was $4 a pound, but
now it is not lower than $3, or at the
lowest $2.50. Nor is this altogether
due to the war. Prices always go
down at this season of the year, for
the reason that the ginseng dug in the
spring is less sappy and altogether in-
ferior to that dug in the fall. In the
ordinary course of things values would
rise from now on but, of course, if the
war continues we will not be able to
sell and prices will go down lower. I
should say that the fall due to the war
would amount to about 25 per cent.
"The ginseng trade is' among the
American doctors believe it to be
practically valueless medicine or at the
most about as potent as licorice. The
Chinese, on the other hand, hold it to
be pre-eminently the greatest of all
medicines, a universal cure all. At
the same time, though I have been sell-
ing the stuff to the Celestials for over
twenty years, I have never been able
to discover exactly what are the pecul-
iar virtues ascribed to it. My Chinese
customers cannot be induced to give
me a precise answer. As far as I can
gather, however, they endow it both
with ordinary medicinal properties and
certain miraculous virtues as well. Of
the latter the most remarkable Is the
power of determining the sex of child-
dren. They seem to believe that the
eater of ginseng will have male pro-
geny, the most desirable of all from
the Chinese standpoint.
'The exports of ginseng from this
country runs about $1,000,000 a year,
all to China. The root is found in the
mountain districts of almost every
state in the union. The best quality
comes from New York State, and the
greatest quantity, though of an Inter-
ior grade, from Kentucky, West Vir-
ginia and Maryland.
"The American ginseng is the ordin-
ary article of commerce. The quality
of the Corean, however, Is superior,
and the price often runsfas high as $18
a pound. The Japanese, on the other
hand, is not worth more than 25 cents
a pound, while the Chinese fetches
about .3,- -W 1Y~ik Bun.
(We would like to know if ginseng
has been grown in Florida. Some time
ago a so-called seedman worked the
state selling ginseng seed but which
proved to be turnip seed. The high
price of the root caused many to bite at
the swindler's bate.-Ed.)
The Camava Crop Near Ocala.
While the attention of our people
seems to be largely taken up with the
absorbing topic of the removal of the
state capital. We do not want them
to overlook the fact that the Ocala
Tvow ie development of as lcfiadfry
which may prove of the greatest bmie-
fit to the farmers of our county. In
order that our readers might be kept
informed of the condition of the cassa-
va crop and the degree of success met
with by the planters, we recently vis-
ited the plantation of Col. L. P. Miller
about four miles southeast of town, and
after critically examining the two
patches planted by him, we are pre-
pared to make a statement which must
bring with it encouragement to all who
desire to embark in this new industry.
The first planting was made about
April 1 on two acres; the soil is a red.
sandy loam, the seed was procured
from the secretary of the board of
trade; no fertilizer was used. The
stand is nearly perfect, from 90 to 95
per cent. of the plants living. The
plants now average about four feet in
height and nearly touch between tho
;;;Z;;_ TSIN]yi;}ig~r WX MAIRIF0 wtg uat
their working and has been laid by.
The second patch of about three acres
was planted the latter part of April.
The stand here will average about 90
per cent on two and 70 per cent on one
acre, or about 85 per cent on the whole
three acres. The condition of the
plants is excellent-about three feet
high and now growing rapidly. No
fertilizer hais been used on the second
field. A careful examination disclosed
no insects injurious to the plants and
508 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
It is well worth a trip to Colonel Mil-
ler's place to see till crop In luxuriant
growth, as the foliage and appearance
of the plant is most attractive to the
A careful calculation of the cost of
working the crop to date, allowing
$1.50 a day for horse and hand and 60
cents per day for labor, demonstrates
that it can be made at a cost not to
exceed that of cotton, about $8 per
acre, without fertilization. This does
not include the cost of seed, as that
would be for the first year only, and
can be counted s a a permanent invoet-
The yield promises to be abundant.
At a minimum it should not be less
than ten tons per acre, while it may
exceed this by 60 per 9nt,
Colonel Miller has made his crop
from a single planting. It was not
found necessary to replant, as the seed
cane was good and sprouted well and
We also visited the thirty acres of
cassava planted by Mr. Lapham, on
the old Rodgers' place, adjoining town.
This Is an enterprise fathered by prom-
inent members of the board of trade.
and is being watched with much in-
terest as a test of the practicability of
cassava as a money crop. While the
stand is not as even as Colonel Miller's
we should estimate that from fifty to
sixty per cent of canes germinated.
About twelve acres were planted early
in April and the balance about May
1st. The early planting, owing to the
cold and wet weather did not germi-
nate-well and had to be replanted. The
ground also was not well broken be-
fore planting, owing to the late date
before it was decided to make the ex-
periment. The plants are now growing
well ana should make a good yield a
they have over three months in which
to develop before frost.
We call attention to the fact that the
lands in the vicinity of Ocala seem to
be peculiarly adapted to the cassava
plant. Reports have come from all
sections of the state where the crop
has been planted that the stand is
everywhere poor, owing to bad sea-
sons. While we also felt the adverse
climatic conditions, owing perhaps to
peculiarities of soil favorable to the
plant, our promised results are most
excellent, and our farmers should
make a note of this.
We will report from time to time
the condition of the crop, and, later
on, the board of trade proposes to ask
our farmer friends in this and adjoin-
ing counties to make a personal inves-
tigation of the p88 llDllltlO of oassavr
as a permanent crop, with a view of
planting largely during the coming
year and the establishment of a fac-
tory for making starch of the product.
-D. S. W. in Ocala Banner.
Prospects for Florida Oranges.
In the Packer for July 16, Mr. W. R.
Fuller: trylygsag freight agent of the
Florida Central & Pennsylvanal R. K.
Co., thus answers the question about
the Florida crop:
"The following are Mr. Fuller's fig-
ures for the south Florida counties,
expressed in boxes, by counties:
t ii---- i-----------250.000
Manatee.......... ..... 200,000
Polk ............ ........ 150,000
Lee......... .. ............... 75,000
Orange.. ................ ..25,000
Lake ........... .......... 15,00
Osceola.... .... ........... 15,000
Total...... .............. ..30,00
"Mr. Fuller allows 70,000 boxes for
the scattering crops from the remain-
der of the state, which makes the total
crop for the coming season 1,000,000
The average price for the coming
season is approximated at $2 per box
on the trees, which means a total rev-
enue from the coming crop of $2,000,-
00. Over nine-tenths or tills mount
will come to the growers of south
"The crop of 1901-1902, Mr. Fuller
reasonably estimates at 2,000,000 boxes
on which he allows a ruling price of
$1.50 per box, While there will be a
reduction of fifty cents in price, Mr.
Fuller thinks it safe to give the bene-
fit of the doubt, and places the price
at the figure named.
"This will make the value of the crop
of 1901-1902 fully $3,000,000.
"The largest orange crop recorded
before the freeze amounted to 6,000,000
boxes, the average price being fifty
cents a box. It will therefore, be read-
ily seen that Mr. Fullers estimate be-
ing correct, the crop of 1901-1902 will
be equal in value to that of the record-
breaking ante-freeze year.
"The most gratifying condition is
amply substantiated by the present
status of the groves, the healthy move-
ment of invested capital toward the
south Florida orange section, the ac-
tivity with which abandoned groves
ar9 being taken in hand by progressire
growers, and the many more acres of
new groves which have been set out
in the past few years and which will
be bearing by next season. Among
these later are those of the Mana.tc.
Lemon company, 300 acres, and rh-.
Atwood Grape Fruit company, 260
Plugging Trees With Sulphur.
An easy method of controlling in-
sects pests appeals very strongly to the
average individual, as is evidenced by
the persistent use of means shown
years ago to be absolutely useless.
Volume 11, of the Memoirs of the
Board of Agriculture of the State of
New York, dated 1823, contains an in-
teresting note in which George Web-
ster, of Albany, recounts how entirely
effective the plugging of a tree with
sulphur was in the destruction of cat-
erpillars, it requiring less than forty-
eight hours to clear the tree.
This remedy or some modification of
It hln appeared periodically when-
ever insects were causing unusual in-
jury to trees. Dr. Asa Fitch recounts
in his second report, 1855, an experi-
ment in which he tried to demonstrate
worthleconeo of this supposed remedy.
The late Dr. J. A. Lintner and other
entomologists have from time to time
stated that he method was not worthy
the attention of serious men. Despite
these repeated statements by well-
known authorities and the fact that all
the forty-six economic entomologists
in this country have not faith in the
remedy, it is still used, and from time
to time some locality is victimized by a
person with more love for money than
for his reputation.
The promoters of this scheme are
now in the habit of claiming that the
celebrated remedy is the result of
"lone yearn of study and t perimen-
tatlon," and they usually mix a little
charcoal or other substance with the
compound to give more color to their
claims. There was an elm-inoculation
company in operation in 1895. The
headquarters of the company was in
New Jersey, and they charged 50 cents
a tree and succeeded in inducing one
man in Westchester county, N. Y., to
linvo one hundrsl and fifty trere on
rated upon. it is to be hoped that
they gave him a special rate. One of
these benevolent gentlemen visited
Kinderhook, N. Y., about 1896 and took
in about $50, incidentally forgetting to
pay his hotel bill.
Informattis has r-.Ts*'_ oome to
me that a man making similar claims
is operating in Binghanaprton, N. 1.,
he is charging but 25 cents a tree. lie
claims that within two days all cater-
pillars will be killed, and that the tree
will never be troubled with them
again; but when questioned as to his
having positive knowledge that a
single caterpillar was killed by his
treatment he was forced to admit that
he had no evidence whatever. He fur-
ther states that this remedy of his is
the result of twenty years' work by a
physician who is now unable to prac-
tice. Such claims are utterly and ab-
solutely without foundation in fact.
and should never be heeded. They not
only put successful methods of control-
ling Ilnects under suspicion, but result
in the extortion of money from many
of those least able to bear such loss.
-E. P. Felt, N. Y. State Entomologist,
in Country Gentleman.
Sharple's Cream Separators-Profit-
Cotton Seed Xeal as a Horse Feed.
Bulletin 109, North Carolina Experi-
ment station: Cottonseed meal is so
rich in protein that it is one of the best
foods with which to "balance" rations.
It has become a standard food for cat-
tle and sheep. Why not use it for
horses and mules? Thousands of work
animals in North Carolina can be bet-
ter and more chehply fed if cottona-e9r
meal is used for part or all the grai..
No experiments that we know of had
been made when we began to agitate
the question, though some cotton-seed
meal feeding to such stock may have
Two old horses were secured for the
purpose of ascertaining the effect of
cotton-seed meal in a ration. They were
fed a good ration for ten days, con-
sisting of clover chaff threshed out
with crimson clover seed. corn meal
and ship stuff. One of the horses gain-
ed and one lost weight on this ration.
while both were kept at usual work.
No. 1 gained 1.7 pounds daily, and No.
2 lost .97 pound daily. The ration fed
during this period to both horses is
given as No. 1 below.
During the second period both horses
fgaine weight-No. 1 at the rate of 1A
pounds per day and No. 2. 4.1 pounds:
or, if the apparent loss in weight of
No. 2 during the first period were due
to reduced stomach contents, conse-
quent on change to better than pre-
vious ration, and this gain distributed
over two periods, it would be equiva-
lent to 1.56 pounds per day. The daily
weights show irregularity and falling
back during thi fi plfl ,; but when
two pounds of cotton-seed meal had
replaced two pounds of corn meal and
ship-stuff of the ration In the first peri-
od. there was an almost regular ad-
vance in body weight.
After the first two periods the same
MlHE wias iontilnue two dajn and the
grain changed by reducing corn and
ship-stuff one pound each and increas-
ing the cotton-seed meal one-half
pound. Then with the grain fed reg-
ularly as thus changed, timothy hay
was fed in place of the chaff. Horse
No. 1 refused the hay, and ate only
what meal he could pick off, leaving
hay, saliva and meal in excess of the
hay feed. He was discarded after four
days of this kind of feeding. Horse
No. 2 was continued eight days, al-
though he nearly held his weight. Nei-
ther horse showed any symptoms to
indicate that the cotton-seed meal dis-
agreed with them, but both objected
to late-cut timothy hay after crimson
clover straw and chaff.
Judge.(to accused)-You are now ac-
quitted of the charge of having stolen
a watch and may leave the Court.
Accused-May I wear it now?-New
itl l II I J Ill] I
WE ARE JEALOUS
of Page Peeee and sealoe to make them bette.
PAGe WOVeNR WIRs ENCr CO. ADRIAN, MICE.
"Are You 6otnf
To Plant Trees?'"
We have a fine lot of Orange, Grape
Fruit and Kumquat trees.
A general line of fruit and nut trees,
roses, shrubbery, etc.
Low prices and frieght prepaid. Let
us mail you a catalogue.
THE U. S LIVE STOCK REMEDY has
proved most effllent in preventing and
curing HB and Ohicken Cholera and
kndrea diasemsn It I also a fine con-
dition powder. Bales are nreasaln. I
your dealer don't keep it we wll man
it to you on receipt of price Na per %
Ib. Liberal discount to dealers. ISAAC
MORGAN. Agent. Klamiemmee, FLa.
82.75 BOX RAIN OAT
S ENMNO MONEY. .
^^^^^ ^k wewlTno a *t 05
ae a w* -i%0' ft, rLee..S
ema% f f5 r.ass
S- oth hou. I k
Sof Xe' ak to p to ara-a-,
O- aened duS
bc W mee-fi ne
*lAt O K dk Co. (Inl~il OAO~
S 0eoa at i from 5.0W ao
~lte Traclk. Hy.T Casi. C4t.
n Platiom e. at.Cei. Scale.
^^^^ ^^S*- log a. Oa cr1* 8
0. CLAUwXO ta
Nj f T J,-- N
III" Bb4 ~ric
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 50
The New Agriculture of the Tropics.
The agriculture of the tropics differs
widely from that of the temperate
zone, but the. same general principles
of culture, improvement of plants by
careful selection, hud systematic con-
servation of fertility of the soil, apply
to both. In the tropics nature is sup-
posed to do most of the work, while
the farmer merely plant and harvest.
The natives of most hot countries are
content to accept this version of farm-
ing, and hence live a life of idleness
with little thought of the morrow. In
spite of their neglect of the trees, vines
and plants that yield fruit, they rarely
suffer from famine or lack of food, un-
less their crops are destroyed by Iiur-
ricanes or floods.
But will tropical agrloultur a is Oal
fly compared with farming In more
northern countries, it has never bn?-
completely successful without system-
atic application of scientific principles.
Part of the "white man's burden" has
been in the tropics to revolutionize ag-
riculture. Without proper agricultural
Implements, lacking the means and
knowledge to develop the soil and
plfaite, t&I BltlvtY have MAad e6 lLi-
provement on their antiquated meth-
The possibilities of tropical agricul-
ture are only faintly understood to-
day; but an idea of what the future
may hold in store for scientific farmers
can be gathered from the advances al-
FerAdy made By the ilglish, Datell,
German and Americans in the tropical
lands which they have occupied. Be-
fore white men settled in tropical
America the sugar industry was in the
most primitive condition. Machinery
for extracting the juice of the cane
was unknown, and the plants were
Xmailiuld Krowthia tl t lF tlcfitl ia Very
small percentage of sugar. English,
American and German settlers immed-
iately proceeded to develop a higher
type of sugar cane, and to invent ma-
chinery that would simplify the work
of obtaining the sugar. The improve-
ment of the sugar-cane plants and the
Invention of adequate machinery have
added hundreds of millions of dollars
of wealth to tropical America, and
have given regular employment to the
Rice and cotton are two other typical
plants of the tropics whtch have come
under the control of the white farmers.
In our southern states these crops have
been so improved within the memory
of the present generation that the
yield of every acre has been tripled
and the quality of the products Im-
proved fifty per cent. The culture of
both rice and cotton in the United
States by the Americans and in Egypt
by Englishmen is systematic and In-
teIIli' v. Maclli iiry guplilllenleor firm
labor, and adds millions of dollars to
the value of the crops. The improved
cotton plants of to-day represent al-
most distinct types from those culti-
vated by the natives in other lands.
The coffee plant originally cultivated
by the aborigines of the tropics were
inferior producers of a bean so poor in
quality that it would now hardly be
tolerated in any household. The bean
was small and without flavor, and the
scraggy plants yielded small uncertain
crops. The Dutch farmers cultivated
and improved the plants in Java until
a standard was reached which has not
yet been surpassed. Brazil abounded
in coffee plants, which the natives in-
differently cultivated until white men
came and showed them how to make
their plant grow coffee better in qual-
ity and larger in quantity. Brazilian
coffee is likely to meet a formidable ri-
val in Porto Rican coffee in the near
future if American farmers apply the
same care to the development of
the crop that they have bestowed upon
other tropical plants that have fallen
into their hands.
When California and Florida came
into our possession we had no terri-
tory that was even semi-tropical in
climate or products; neverthelen,.
these two states gave the American
farmer an opportunity of showing his
skill in tropical horticulture. The won-
derful orange groves of the two states,
with their abundant crops of the finest
fruits in the world, the extensive or-
chards of olives, figs and nuts, the
great vineyards, the ranches and plan-
tations of bananas, lemons, grape fruit
and scores of tropical and semi-tropi-
cal fruits, testify to the skill and suc-
cess of Yankee farming in tropical or
Fruit culture in the tropics is at
present in its most primitive stage;
except In a fow notable Inatanleos,
these tropical products are grown just
as nature first produced them. Little
or no attempt has been made to double
the yield or to improve the quality.
The policy of the native farmers has
been to do no more than was actually
necessary. In view of the changes in
tropical geography of the world
wrought by the recent wars, the ques-
tin ol tull future or tile agriculture
and horticulture of these lands is rap-
idly assuming great importance. If
the possibilities of the soil and climate
under improved culture and the appli-
cation of farming implements and ma-
chinery are all that leading scientists
claim, the world's food supply ought
to be doubled and tripled in the next
decade or two.
According to scientine horticulturists,
these improvements will be along two
lines. The first will be the improv-
ment and development of the soil so
that its utmost capacity can be meas-
ured. As in the north, the earth will
be fed and not simply robbed of its
fertility. An acre of pineapples, ban-
anas, or cocoanuts under a good ygr
tem of culture should produce twicq
as many fruits as it does to-day. Mod-
ern machinery and farm implements
will help the crops in thus utilizing the
fertility that has been buried in the
subsoil for thousands of years. The
loosening of the top soil, and the con-
a nrollt rflltcinK or the imnrignenal III:
trogen, should stimulate the growth ot
the trees and plants so that they will
assume a greater size and productivity.
But while intensive methods of ag-
riculture and horticulture In the direct
line of cultivating the soil will have
marvelous effects,the greatest improve-
ments are looked for in the improve-
ment of plants and products by
careful selection, hybridization, and
grafting. Our horticulture owes much
to these simple processes. The white
men have brought from the troDica
plants which have been adapted to
cold climates. If the same methods
are employed to improve the tropical
plants in their own homes the results
must be even greater. This has al-
ready been demonstrated in the ban-
ana, cocoanut, pineapple and orange
groves of South and Central America.
The new plantations of cocoanut trees
in Central America are not only pro-
ducing larger crops than the old ones,
Dut tie 1iuit are superior I si mze saId
quality. An American syndicate oper-
ating fruit farms in Central America
has already shipped an improved var-
iety of pineapple north that almost
equals the famous London hothouse
pineapples. The bananas are so sus-
ceptible to improvement that horticul-
turists do not hesitate to predict that
they will voon be produced twice the
size of those now imported. But the
quality as well as the size is consider-
ed. The development of the "lady fin-
ger" bananas is now in course of rapid
progress and this delicious fruit will
have a flavor in the future that will
be beyond comparison.
We are just on the threshold of de-
veloping the world's crop of fruits. In
the temperate zones the grain, cereals,
and cattle have reached a higher stage
of evolution than any other products;
but the day for the fruits of the trop-
ics is dawning. From South and Cen-
tral America, from the islands of the
Pacific and Atlantic, from equatorial
Africa, and from the lands of the Ori-
ent, streams of tropical fruit will
in the near future pour into Europe
and America in return for the cereals,
meats, and products of the colder
climes. Under modern agricultural
method, on abundance of fruit for
the whole world can be raised in these
warm regions at a cost so low that
none need be so poor as to go without
them. The importance of this change
of food supply upon our national diet
will be of interest to those engaged in
the physiological study of the civilized
man. With rich nourishing tropical
fruits so cheap, our meat diet among
the poor, at least, must decline. The
effect upon the physical and mental
characteristics of the race will be in-
teresting. One of the chief drawbacks
to the more rapid spread of vegetar-
ianism is said to be due to the insuffic-
lent variety of our common fruits and
vegetables. The cultivation and devel-
opment of the fruit crops of the trop-
ics by white settlers must inevitably
tend to remove this restriction.
In the tropics the people are largely
vegetarians. It would not be so dif-
ficult to spread and popularize the prin-
ciples of vegetarianism in a land where
one's meal might well consist of a
adoon different varieties of luscious
and houitlSfing frUits, nuts ana vege-
tables.- Scientific American.
Pumpkins for Cows.
Judiciously planted in the cornfield, a
crop of pumpkins can be raised as a
sort of double crop that will make a
most excellent food for cows in win-
ter, says a correspondent of the Ameri-
can Cultivator. The value of root
crops is well known in helping to reg-
ulate the bowels of the stock when fed
heavily on grain in winter. Pumpkins
come under this same class and they
should be fed for about the same pur-
pose. Nature seems to have designed
the pumpkin for the cornfield, for one
can rale just enough to food with the
crop of corn produced on the same
_ ~__ ___~ ___~ I
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 500
land. In addition to this, the pump-
kins furnish excellent food for chick-
ens. It is better for the stock to have
the seeds removed and it is better for
the poultry to have the seed crushed,
ground or broken.
Thi fremilnu or nlunlpilnn Will lnaruoli
decide their merits. To let stock eat
them in the field is a great mistake.
Gather them all for winter food and
wait until other succulent food has dis-
appeared. Then commence to feed
the pumpkins gradually, increasing the
quantity until the full diet is reached.
One large pumpkin or two small ones
per day for each animal is a liberal
diet and sufficient to keep the system
in excellent condition. They should
not be fed in large pieces at all, for
there ia danger of the cows getting
choked with a big lump. Cows ac-
tually break qff and loosen their teeth
trying to break up pumpkins fed to
them in large pieces. It is not difficult
work to break the pumpkins up, and
then chop them fine with a sharp
spade\ Put them in a wooden
tub and in a few minutes a free use
of the spade will reduce them to small
pieces, which the cows can eat with
relish. When first broken open, scoop
A0t fill thle itiide part, thui removing
the seeds, which are sometimes danger-
ous to the cows. Put the seeds and
pulp in which they are buried into a
sausage grinder and grind them up in-
small pieces. The seeds will thus all
be crushed, so that the chickens can
eat them without danger. They will
also eat the pulp itself. This practice
in certainly recommended by tile
chickens, which enjoy the feast and
look forward to the ground pumpkin
seeds every day. Every part of the
pumpkin is thus utilized, and one can
obtain a winter's supply of good food
for both stock and chickens from the
cornfield without much extra labor or
cost. Those who do not plant pumpkin
seeds freely in the cornfield lose far
more than they realize and miss a
chance to get a double profit from the
(Can pumpkins be successfully rais-
ed in Florida? That's the question. Not
long ago we heard a prominent Florida
farmer say he wished the experiment
station would show him how to raise
pumpkins. That it would be worth a
great deal to stock raisers. Ed.)
TO THE DEAF.
A rl h lady. cured of her deamnesa and
nose in the head by Dr. Nicholson's
Artificial Ear Drums, gave $10,0000 to his
Institute. so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may have them
free. Address 121c. The Nicholson In-
stitute. 780 Eighth Avenue. New York.
Mrs. Good-Ah! there is nothing
which causes so much misery as liquor.
The Tramp-Beggin' your pardon,
ma'am, I t'ink t'irst causes more mis'hy
dan anything else.-Puck.
REWARD OF 100.
The reader of this paper will be pleas-
ed to learn that there is at least one
dreaded disease that science has not
been able to cure in all its stages and
that is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure
is the only positive cure now known
to the medical fraternity. Catarrh
being a constitutional disease, requires
a eIIRiltBifleBI t8ft&SBnt, HialJ' O3n-
tarrrh Cure is taken internally, acting
directly upon the blood and mucous
surfaces of the system, thereby de-'
stroying the foundation of the disease,
and giving the patient strength by
building up the constitution and assist-
ing nature in doing its work. The pro-
prietlrN hayve s much faith in its cur-
ative powers, that they offer One
Hundred Dollars for any. case that
It fails to cure. Send for list of testi-
Address, F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo,
Sold by all drugg sat, 7,c
Hal's Family Pills are the best
510 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
An Evaporating Plant. fornia grower, and 23 cents a box less
A representative of The Press called than the Florida grower.
on Prof. A. F. Spawn yesterday after- I In other words, were it not for the
noon and questioned him In reference Dingley tariff California orange grow-
noon and questioned him in reference ers would have to sell for 70 cents a
to his statement made before the box less than they are now getting, or
Young Men's Business League Tuesday *else get out of the market and leave it
night, in which he spoke of having to the foreigner.-Citrograph.
succeeded in raising his stock company
and selected a site for plant, etc. Tarming For Negroes.
"Professor Spawn," queried the re- In an address to an audience of col-
porter, "did I understand you to say ored people at Des Moines, Bishop
that you had selected a site for your Grant, of the African M. E. church, ad-
"Yeant ir" reed that gentleman vised the men and women of his race
"Yeir," replied that gentleman. to go on farms. He declared that it
"It will be located in the new brick to farm e ed tt it
erected by Mr. M. was a mistake for the negroes to drift
building recently erected by Mr. M. into cities, where they secured a pre-
Bear, on Intendencia, between Palafox o a cos
and Tarragona streets, Creary & Me- carious living, usually at the cost of
their independence. Instead, he urged
Clintock have commenced work on the that they buy land in the country or
machinery and everything necessary prompt homesteads in the west, for
for the completion of the plant that the government makes no distinction
can be purchased or made in Pensacola because of color. He drew a glowing
will be contracted for right here. I picture of luxury, and comfort, and in-
expect the president, Mrs. E. A. Har- epenence with which the negro
ris, and family will arrive from Ches- dmer culd live on a modest egro
apeake bay in a few days. She is the The advice that he gives s, in a meas-
president of the Tropical Fruit coIn-
president of the Tropical Fruit coin- mre applicable to white men as well as
pany and will be largely interested in to black, but there can be no doubt
the Pensacola company. She is a that the bishop, who has a thorough
thorough business woman and has am- understanding of the needs of his peo-
ple capital. She has a grown son, Mr. pie is right. The trouble with the ne-
George Harris, who will also be inter- g in the cit that as a ule has
ested. They will make this city their gr in te city is that as a rule he hasn do
our Central American plants. only eworknrh A ysa farmeplr fand hir
"I am .we pleanle wit1 Pea e c
"la and the surrounding country-its family would be assured of a living,
la and the surrounding country--its and it is certain that he could corn-
possibilities and advantages over all and it is gctain that e could corn
other places I have visited in the south eat ornd ust as good a price for his corn,
-that I was determined to locate the eat or e s as wo d e paid
a white man for the same produce;
plant here even if we had been com- whereas, in most other occupations his
polled to build it unaided. The people a nle lg OU o aCunt o
of Pensacola have made no mistake rllg 11ld I. s o aot of
by investing in this company; it will his color. The advice of the bishop
by investing in this company; It will should be well considered by the mem-
be the means of direct communication should be well considered by the mem-
between this city and Central andbers of his race-Chicago Tribune
South America countries, beside turn-
About Beientflc ,arming.
ing the eyes of the world on Pensaco-
la. Every package of our goods ship- A Louisiana farmer informs the New
ped from here will be an advertisement Orleans Times-Democrat that "there is
of this city, and as the demand for something very mysterious about
these goods increase the capacity of scientific truck farming." Theoretic-
the plant will be enlarged, which will ally and on paper it is simply perfec-
mean a largely increased population tion. There is not a flaw to be found
for the city and country, as well as an in it. "I can take a piece of paper,"
increase in the number of truck farms, said this gentleman "and figure enough
fruit groves, etc. profit out of a five acre patch
"We expect to commence canning or to make me rich beyond the dreams of
Ijaing dcl-icatas& ANits 1-u e yT b" avrice: yet when yon attempt to Dut
within Hfire or six weets. The arS tuit onine ecueHtio n Sto praetifcat
plant will only be about one ton cap- execution you will land in the poor-
acity, but before this time next year house with a velocity that is simply
it will be quadrupled. Yes, sir, I am sickening.' All because this Louisiana
satisfied it will be an immense success man has not understood the full mean-
and the stockholders will reap a splen- ing of the phrase"scientific farming,"
did profit. Work will be pushed for- which he declares misleading. Real
ward as rapidly as possible till the science in farming, as in other lines, is
plant is completed, which will hardly a collection of cold, hard facts, the re-
be later than five weeks hence."-Pen- suit of experience. The farmer who
sacola Press. possesses common sense and has had
upportunltirm that xiperlence bring.
to all is more scientific in his methods
Orange Marketing Expense. and will therefore accomplish more im-
From the Crop Reporter for July, portant results than all the theorists
which publication is issued officially in the world. The truth is, every man
under direction of the secretary of agri- considers himself a good farmer-until
culture, we extract the following table he finds it necessary to get between
showing the comparative cost per box the handles of a plow. He may have
of transporting oranges from Florida, read all the agricultural works to be
California and Mediterranean ports, found, and he may come to his work
respectively, to New York city: with thousands of irresistible theories;
Boxing and cartage.
Average local rate to
Rate to New York...
CommIsalon and ex-
peses.............. .10 .10 .10
Duty ....... ... ... ........ ....--- ......- .70
to November --........ ----- ---- AM -----
1.0 St1.60 $1.52
From this table it will be seen that
Florida has 55 cents a box the advan-
tage over California in the matter of
marketing expense when cars are iced,
and 30 cents when not iced. The Med-
iterranean grower pays more, consid-
ering duty, than Florida, but has 8
cents the advantage of California.
Were it not for the duty Mediterran-
ean orange growers, besides having the
BsidYftat9 9o cheap labor-less than
one-third the labor wages of Californ-
ia-would have a marketing expense
of 78 cents a box less than the Cali-
yet when ne comes to put them in
practice they go to pieces one by one
and he is helpless. One of the most
successful "scientific" farmers the
country has ever seen was Horace
Greeley. His cabbages cost him $2.50
apiece, and he never ate a radish at
his own table that cost less than 75c.
Now Horace Greeley could afford to
indulge in "scientific" farming, but the
average farmer is not so fortunately
situated. He must address himself to
facts and must be prepared to meet
the ever varying conditions presented
by the seasons. He must even keep
an eye on the markets, because de-
mand is to be considered quite as
much as the best method of pro-
ducing a supply. The most scientific
farming is not necessarily the least
practical of all kinds of farming. The
gentleman who was complaining to
our New Orleans contemporary said
he knew unscientific farmers who were
doing well. whereas a friend of his lost
$14,000 in an effort to operate a truck
farm on scientific basis and is now
keeping books at $12 a week. "The ex-
planation is very simple," says the At-
lanta Constitution; "there is no mys-
tery about it whatever. What is popu-
larly known as scientific farming bears
not the smallest relation to real scien-
tific farming. It is made up of a great
variety of whims, theories, deductions
and assumptions. Real science is of
inestimable value to a farmer, and its
importance can not be overrated; but
because this is so it by no means fol-
lows that the theories which are put
forth from time to time and urged up-
on the farmer are really scientific."
Such is the fecundity of the printing
press and of the portable word mill
that any little man-Jack is able, as the
Constitution says, to present his sur-
mises, theories and deductions to the
public as "scientific;" and such is thq
glamour the term carries with it that
a large part of the public is inclined
to welcome anything-even the variest
nonsense-that bears the label ot
science. The truth is that a farmer of
ordinary intelligence who farms with
any degree of system or who has aver-
age success, is carrying on his business
scientifically. He may know nothing
of science, as such; he may have never
heard of the technical terms that are
applied to the various constituents of
the soil or to the elements and agencies
that give values to fertilizers; but this
does not render his methods less scien-
tific. He has discovered by experience
that certain crops can be grown murm
profitably than others on certain soils
and that the vigor of his land may be
maintained by rotating crops. He dis-
covered this by experimenting long be-
fore the scientists did. Mere theory is
not necessarily science. Every vagary
on the paper is not workable. The siCf
tific farmer may be a very poor busi-
ness man and may fail to raise crops of
the right kind and to fnd markets for
his products, and thus he may lose
money; but none but the scientific
farmer can hope to get the best results
out of the soil and, in order to make
his knowledge valuable, he should
make it a point to keep himself fully
informed concerning both the demand
and the supply.-Dallas News.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
AMy wil lia loo00 andj Bm h&emfflk
Sour and bittersweet oraMge treeB are
effected by die-back on cultivated land.
Am told after a few years will out-
grow this trouble. At any rate, there
are bearing trees on same class of soil.
Seedling grape-fruit and Florida limes
have not got this diesase here. I
doubt if excess of nitrogen causes die-
back in this instance. Three bitter-
sweet orange trees I watered regular-
ly with manure water during spring
drouth, last year and they all made a
Where the land was grubbed and
sour orange trees grew wild on soil,
all got the die-back. Where forest
growth was chopped off without dis-
turbing soil, the growth is perfectly
healthy on sour orange trees, budded.
Peach trees on same sell died back but
this year have made a healthy growth.
I think abundant moisture helped in
this case. G.
OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession In this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and stricture without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nevous Disorders, Kid-
ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice Is more than double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
cians, rapidly yield to his treatment.
Write him to-day fully about your case.
He makes no charge ftr C qultation
or advice, either at his office or by
mail. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D. 25
Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.
In every town
may be had
m... that makes your
On horses glad.
UNIVERSITY OF OEOROIA,
One hundredth session begins Sep-
tember I9th, ioo. Rooms in dormi-
tory free xccllcnt board in 5tudwnrs'
Hall at eight dollars per month. Tui-
tion of non-residents fifty dollars per
annum. For further information write
WALTER &. LLL, Chcehr,
CANCER CURED WITHOUT PAIN.
NO KNIFB USD.
$1,00 for a case oC Pies we cant emar
Write for free bookL Addr
Beqevew,. - FL.
v a skaeb anoL d dsoorblb Uf
=owta our pbdm fm wbotba
pmenu tak~ toiL I he~J m
4wwwwww k finut
A bWWOMAYMMU" W" IWSAdr
i v g % jrby.I -- K - -
JUST THINK eS
"*I='s ab i fo ae e n
Worork or Over 3,0 Unst think) mey-
making secrets and other useful information
for 1.M. Adress "A," PALMETTO Si P-
PLY 0., Loca Box 188. DeLand, lia. t
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 51
Eg -ugdaS ggAg'NT.
All commnmunitioe or enquiries for this de
partment should be addressed to
Fertilier Dept. Jacksonville, Fla.
Editor Fertilizer Department.
Will you please tell me the differ.
ence between blood and bone and tank-
age. Not long ago, I ordered some
blood and bone from a dealer and I
feel confident that he sent me tankage.
Plant City. J. R. S.
The dealer evidently did send you
tankage, but he also sent you D1ood and
bone, as it.is known in this state.
Blood and bone is another name for
slaughter house tankage. Its value de-
pends on the percentage of ammonia
S and bone phosphate of lime that It con-
tains. The name blood and bone wva
given to tankage when first shipped in-
to this state ten or fifteen years ago. It
was then known only to dealers and
manufacturers as tankage, and for that
matter, is so termed to-day, so that it
makes very little difference whether
you order ten percent tankage or ten
percent blood and bone, you are or-
dering the same thing.
Beview of the Barly Knowledge of
the Melat~on of Chemistry to
It is now possible to give a general
view of knowledge of the relations
which chemistry held to practical agri-
culture at the beginning of the century.
In regard to soils, some general notions
of a true character were herd as to
their composition. The real plant foods
In the soil, however, were not appre-
ciated While in a general way it was
recognized that phosphoric "acid, pot-
ash, and -lime entered into the com-
position of the plant, it is evident from
a study of the literature of the time
that silica was regarded as more bene-
fical to the plant than any of the other
mineral matters mentioned. The man-
ner in which the food was furnished to
the plant was imperfectly known, save
that it was generally conceded that the
mineral matters must first enter into
solution before they could be distri-
buted throughout the plant.
In regard to the physical nature of
the soil, it was a matter of common ob-
servation that it had much to Ilo with
the efficacy of plant growth. The opea
and porous soils were more prized than
those of a hard and impenetrable na-
ture, and the general distinctions be-
tween sandy, loamy and clayey soils
were well understood.
The notion was extremely prevalent
that the soils served more as a resting
place and support for the root system
of the plants, while the materials for
plant growth in some resemble exuda-
O tons, or emanations, which come part-
ly from the soil itself and partly from
the atmosphere. The actual chemical
composition of soil was but little under-
stood, and this arose from the fact that
the means of chemical anaylsis were
so meager and its processes so unsatis-
factory as to preclude the possibility .f
securing exact data. Nevertheless, a
reasonably accurate knowledge was
had of the chief constituents of the
soil, if not of the functions which they
played in plant growth. That the soil
was a vehicle for the administration of
the nourishing elements of food, was
ot fully appreciated at the beginning
of the century. The nitrogen, or azote,
as it was called in that day, was sup-
posed to reach the plant exclusively in
the form of ammonia, and no accurate
knowledge of the relation of the soil
to the production of azotized food was
Perhaps, however the most striking
error in connection with the notions re-
iating to the ceatitution of the soil
Itself in rspet- of plant growth is
found in the fact that the- true func-
'tions of pihlhoris acld and potash in
nutrition of plants were imperfectly, If
at all, understood by even the most ad-
vanced agricultural chemists of that
It is. true that the chemical compo-
sition of manures which were then in
uso was not well known, nor were tihe
processes by which manures became
available as plant food at all- under
stood, but the practical knowledge of
the use of stable manures, of marls, of
gypsum, and of lime was generally dif-
fused and acted upon. Of artificial ma-
nures, other than those mentioned, lit-
tle was known save that the aborigines
or the kew England states had taught
the early settlers the great value of
using fish as a fertilizer.
Some idea also was entertained of
the value of the refuse of the slaugh-
ter houses for fertilizing purposes, and
it was known that blood, bone, and
horn were useful in promoting the
growth of crops, but how and why
were not understood.
The value of clover and other legum-
inous crops in increasing soil fertility
was recognized, but the causes which
established this value were not at all
known. The process of fermentation
was recognized in the manufacture and
preparation of manures, but the na-
ture of this fermentation was wholly
unknown to the investigators and
chemical agriculturists of that time.
Empiricism in the use of manures
through thousands of years had led
to most valuable practical results, but
little was due at that time to the dis-
coveries and researches of chemistry.
When we look at the knowledge which
was possessed of the composition of
plants, we do not wonder that the re-
lations of the soil and of fertilizers to
plant growth were so little understood,
The methods of investigation in vogue
were totally inadequate to reveal the
true constitution of plants, and it is a
matter of wonder to us at the present
time that with such crude apparatus
and such imperfect methods so much
accurate knowledge could have been
obtained. The processes of organic
analysis had only Just been introduced,
and only the general constitution of
the carbohydrates, as represented by
the gums, mucilages, starches, and su-
gars of that day, was definitely estab-
lished, but the percentage of nitrogen
contained in the albumin and gluten
recognized as existing in plants is
scarcely more accurately known at the
present day than it was then.
The more important organic acids
also existing in plants had been discov-
ered, separated and identified, and in
general it must be confessed that, in so
far as the progress.of chemistry relat-
ing to the composition of plants is con-
cerned, the agricultural chemists of the
beginning of the century are to be con-
gratulated on the attainments which
they made. The weak point of their
researches and investigations was that
they made no systematic effort to cor-
relate the composition of plants and of
soil to the principles of plant growth.
With their imperfect ideas of the na-
ture of plant nutrition, it did not occur
to them that a great system of scien-
tific agriculture could be based upon
investigations of this kind. They, how-
ever, had done enough to pave the way
for the great impetus which the inves-
tigations of Liebig, Gilbert, Boussin-
gault, and others gave to systematic
agricultural chemistry some thirty or
forty years later-Agriculture Year
Prof. L. H. Bailey says: "Arsenite
of lime has the three-fold advantage
of being cheap, the amount of arsenic
is under perfect control and it does not
burn the foliage. It is made by boiling
together for 45 minutes one pound of
white arsenic two pounds fresh lime,
one gallon of water. This may be kept
in a tight vessel and used as desired.
Thoroughly stir the material before
using. For most insects one quart of
the above per barrel will be sufficient.
Arsenite of lime is insolvable in water
and will not injure the foliage of any
orchard fruit at this strength. This
insecticide is growing in popularity.
Some green dyestuff should be mixed
with it to prevent the ever present
danger of mistaking it for some other
The Scuppernong Grape. the bayou spread out, soggy, far
August and September are the around making cold, clammy soil.
months in which to layer the vines for Ditching failed to save the vine. Like-
rooting. For some reason, known only wise ground-bone, lime, leaf-mould by
to nature, the Scuppernong does not the wagon load, barn yard compost,
root from cuttings. Other grape vines forked in and spread over the surface,
root readily, but as far as my exper. all around as far out as the roots ex.
ience and observation extend the Scup- tended. "It took Rome three hundred
pernong has to be layered by bending years to die," and this sturdy vine was
down fine, healthy branches and cov- several years declining. Finally it
ering the several inches with damp died. The conclusion is, that stagnant
soil, keeping them in place securely moisture, cold crawfish lands, low ly-
with pegs or by laying a brick over the ing and damp, are entirely unsuited to
buried part. the Scuppernong. This is the season to
Bend down pliant branches several root the vines from layers, and it is to
yards long, and bury a dozen, more or be hoped that no outnern farmer or
less, joints in length, leaving out the householder with moderate grounds
tip ends of the branches. Let them re- around a home in town, will be without
main covered over with dirt from now one; and one Scuppernong vine
until February or March, when each amounts to as much as a dozen other
one may be detached from the main kinds, the bearing capacity is so un.
vines and set out where it is to stay. limited.-Mrs. G. T. Drennan, in
These young vines will grow thrift- Southern Ruralist.
ily, but the Scuppernong does not bear
at an early age, like the Concord, Isa- Georgia State arr, Ootober 29th to
bella and other popular sorts. The th.
time allowed ranges from four to six Novembr 4t.
years, and if the vines are bearing well The people of Georgia are manifesting
at six, there need be no complaint, as more interest in the Georgia State Fair
they make up in long life and con- to be held in Valdosta, October 29th,,
stant bearing for the tardiness* in be- to November 4th., than has been shown
Of all grapes this is the main stay for years. Evidently the Georgia
and sure dependence for the south. It State Agricultural Society has made no
will grow where more choice varieties mistake in the selection of the place for
will not, and it adapts itself to widely the forthcoming fair. Being in the
different kinds of soil, always bearing heart of the wiregrass region, emin-
heavily. The "off" year that so many ently the best agricultural portion of
grape vines and fruit trees have, is the state, the agricultural exhibits will
not one of the peculiarities -of this go far beyond anything ever seen at h
hardy old grape. It bears regularly state fair in the south, and the Valdos-
every year. The age of the Scupper- ta people are determined to offer sift-
nong approximates the oak or the olive fclent inducements to obtain these :ex-
trees. There are vines I can locate habits. They have already done con-
that are in full friutage every year, diderably better than, they promised;
and so old that no one'knows when having increased the county and in-
they were planted. At Pass Christian dividual premiums several hundred
there are vines planted by the Chris- dollars beyond those called for in theit
tian Brothers, Catholics, over sixty contract with the Atgicultural Society.
years ago, that are still bearing and ,Five Hundred Dollars will be offered
the bushels of grapes yielded each year for the best county exhibit, Three
are of the very best quality. There are Hundred for the second best, and Two
Scuppernong arbors in Holmes county, Hundred Dollars for the third best ex-
Mississippi, that yield bushels of fine hibit. For individual premiums, Two
grapes every year, and the vines are Hundred Dolli s wil be offered for the
so old and widespreading that posts best, One Hundred and Twenty-five for
as stout as field gate posts are required the second best and Seventy-five Dol-
to support them. These vines are over lars for the third best. All the county
fifty years old and have decayed their and individual exhibits for which
arbors or supports many times over. prizes are offered in the agricultural
The support for Scuppernong vines department must be Georgia produc-
ought to be stout from the start. Posts tions art grown or produced in the
that will last for years, with cross- current year and by individuals liv-
peices strong and of wood that stands ing in the county making the exhibit.
the dampness and weight of vines well, No article can compete for two premi-
which will save expense of new arbors ums; those entered in the county ex-
every few years. The posts ought to hibit, of course, cannot be also entered
be of a height that will allow of with the individual exhibits.
reaching up to pick the grapes from Very liberal premiums will be award-
below. The cross-pieces, from post to ed upon live stock, poultry and all ex-
post, are all the vines need. The SCUD- hibits coming under any department of
pernong does better to have a place to agriculture. Other departments will
spread rather than to climb. Posts not be neglected; liberal premiums will
near the body of the vine, in a circle, be offered to all exhibits.
and another set, wider out, in a circle, The ladies' department will be in
with stout strips around, and across charge of the Woman's Auxiliary Com-
from post to post and circle to circle, mittee, consisting of Mrs. J. N. Griffin,
will make a resting place for the vines Chairman, Mrs. W. S. West, Treasurer,
where they can spread and get the sun- Mrs. W. H. Griffin, Secretary, Mrs. D.
shine on the grapes. And as they grow C. Ashley, Mrs. C. W. Lamar and Mrs.
the circles can be widened some years, T. M. Talbot. These ladies had charge
and some years the vines can be prun- of the ladies department of the Valdos-
ed. It is a very hardy native vitis type, ta Exposition last year, and their won.
and not easily killed or injured. It derful success is an assurance that
requires very little pruning. nothing will be lacking in the ladies
The vines here referred to, at Pass department this year. Some of the
Christian, grow on sandy soil. In fact, most liberal premiums will be offered
immediately on the coast it is all sand. in this department and ladies througlh-
The bottom strata of terra firm is out the state who contemplate making
hard to find-out of reach except for exhibits will do well to address Mrs.
taproots that penetrate far down, yet W. H. Griffin, Sec., Valdosta, Ga., for
the Scuppernong grapes are fine. The premium lists and general information.
vines are pictures of luxuriance, and The general premium lists will be
the grapes sweet, juicy and well-fla- published within a few days and ready
vored. The others referred to in Cen- for distribution. All persons desiring
tral Mississippi grow on heavy clay premium lists or any information con-
soil. Some of them have been well cul- cerning the Fair will address A.- T.
tivated and others neglected, but all Moore, Manager, Valdosta, Ga.
of them bear well. Cultivation im-
proves the quality very much, but like HOW HE GOT IT.
the Muscadine, to which the Scupper- 'I," said the gruff old merchant to
nong is allied, it will grow and bear the young man who wanted to go away
under almost any treatment. This di- for a week, have worked for 22 years
versity of soil, pure sand and heavy without a vacation."
clay, shows great adaptability. "Yes, I know It. That's why I want
The only vine I ever knew to die was to get away. But for the horrible ex-
a large fine one twenty years old that ample you present I might be willing
grew on a piece of ground near a bay- to work on-and on without a-"
ou. The grape vine was on one man's Let it suffice to say that he got his
place and the bayou on another's and vacation,-Chicago Times-Herald.
52 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
a&teed at d pnoeAs. at- Ddad. Plor-
ida, asod cas C ter.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Popiste
Published very Wedaeday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best In-
terests of her people
TEE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
AMUated with tihe
One yeru, dsinge srk-lm .0
Six moatls, sigde Sc Lbe"i t oi
Sla le copy... .......... .
Rate for dvertisg frmhed oa applica-
tcr by letter o a pi m.
AeO^BE~~mr ~ 22! L -M M P
soone gg rtM lPpr ar
We cmaot prose to retaa rejected aan-
coit for Itd ubUicaton
mot he -- o aOosd weitM lt mmd O^ a a
garst of dud hdha No asoymous -
riutioa will rbe dd.
Mooey should be eat by Draft Postoflie
Mony Order an DDlMad. Ra Rsteed Let-
ta, otherwie th publshr wif ot be r-
pomaible in case of lose. Whea personal
checks- used exchange t be added.
Only 1 and seat lipn taboo wh- cnea
cat he no had.
To a alladvertisements for
2t6J mint be revived by eo 'clock
Subaeri swiea writa to hae the d-
deas of teidr paper d MUST ive the
old a well the adare.
We now have a oake Is Jacksvlvle,
3oom 4, Robina Block. Vladuet here Mr.
Pointer will be lmed to v my of our s b-
riber. Any ti we a ue of se rvie in
Jac vni, drop us a Hia to aboeaddress.
WEDNEBDAY, AUGUBT 22, 1900.
Make New oreasts.
While in all parts of the state the
destruction of our forests is going on
by the aid of the saw mill, the turpen-
tine Vtil ad tie cutter, would
it not be a good thing to stop
and think of the future; whether
or not it would be a good in-
vestment to plant an oak forest or
some other trees that grow equally
well or better in our sandy soil, aid
which in a few years will not only
give us back our forests but give us
timber trees that will make our land
valuable and give .the owners a good
The water oak when once planted
out and rooted in our sandy soil grows
without further care or attention, and
in a few years makes timber large
enough for crow ties or other Durpooes
for which oak timber can be used. It
is well known that cross ties made
from live oak last almost indefinitely.
In fact will out live a score of pine
ties. Ie the groves around Orange
Lake nearly all of the heavy hauling
was done on tramways. The ties used
under the rail were nearly all live oak,
as there was plenty of that timber at
hand at that time. Very little repair-
ing in the way of new ties has ever
had to be done, and many of the ties to
day are in perfectly sound condition.
although in comparatively moist soil.
A railroad that pays from twenty to
thirty cents for pine ties could well
afford to pay eighty cents for live oak
There is another tree, which when
once started, needs no further atten-
tion; that can be as easily, if not eas-
ier, grown than the oak, and that is
the china berry tree. Mr. W. L. Woods,
of South Carolina, has been making
some actual exapei6ents and observa-
tions in growing the china berry tree.
He thus states his views in substance
Ls lsfss 2 #2IeS CmgggMet-g- rs
"He is enthusiastic over its value for
railroad ties, inside housework, furni-
ture, and mothproof chests and closets,
because of durability, peculiar free-
dom from the attacks of insects, and
the great beauty of the wood when
polished.' He declares it next in value
to the black walnut, and worth from
$50 to $75 per 1,000 feet; that it will
grow on any land that has drainage,
that the whole cost of planting and
caring for them will not exceed the
cost of one cotton crop on the same
land, when the trees are removed, 'the
land will be worth two or three times
as much for agricultural purposes as
before.' A hundred acres, he says, will
produce in ten years from 50,000 to
60,000 trees, 'of sufficient value to
make a snug fortune.' The News and
Courier, which says, 'they are safer
than peach trees, and pay better, on
the whole, than pecans,' urges the
The people of our state, and even
many of those who are growing the
pineapple as a source of profit, really
know little of the value of this fruit as
to its healthfullness and medicinal
qualities. The following item from
Food and Drink only reiterates what
has been said and written by some of
our growers who have given this mat-
ter careful study and thought:
"From a hygenic standpoint it is
doubtful it we have in the entire veg-
etable kingdom a more healthful fruit
than the pineapple,
"The sharp, penetrating, but wholly
palltabic add of the Juli &PAE B1M t
valuable remedial qualities, and is es-
pecially efficacious in clearing the
mouth, throat and stomach of morbid
disorder. At the same time it stimu-
lates digestion, and thus encourages
the system to correct itstlf, without
the aid of drugs and doseing. Many
of nature's products-fruits and nuts-
do this, but none in more marked de-
gree or more efficiency than the pine-
Georgla tate hir.
In another column will be found an
article on the Georgia State Fair which
is to be held at Valdosta from October
29th to November 4th, inclusive.
Agrcultural fairs are great educa-
tors where they are conducted proper-
ly and not allowed to run to fake shows
whose whole object is to gull the coun-
try people and fleece the unaware.
Where liberal premiums are offered,
there is a great incentive to inake the
best display possible, and in order to
do this, it brings into active force all
of the energies, abilities and peculiar
skill of the farmer or fruit grower.
which results in not only being a help
to him, but also gives some incentive to
his neighbor to do equally as well if
Plorida does not seem to have had
the courage to get up a state fair for
a number of years, therefore her peo-
ple have nothing of this kind to en-
courage them. They now have an op-
portunity to visit their sister state at a
nominal cost, and as a great deal of the
attention of the truit grower is now
being turned to agricultural matters, a
trip to this fair will be well worth all
its cost. The grower will there see the
different crops that are grown, the dif-
ferent machinery used in cultivating
and harvesting, and will undoubtedly
learn more in two or three days at the
fair than he could learn by staying at
home as many years.
At WaIMmi Mw nal lss am PIM DWUI
are working to make everything that
is grown at home count for the most.
He will see there a small pork pack-
ing house which converts hogs raised
in that section into hams, bacon, lard,
etc., thus exporting these articles in-
stead of importing them. He will see
a cotton factory that manufactures the
long staple cotton grown in that neigh-
borhood instear of sending it to Boston
and then buying it back again. In
this way the people of Vadosta
have made that place one of the most
prosperous sections of the state, the
success of which is being shown by the
magnificent dwellings and fine busi-
ness houses that are being erected, and
other signs of improvement that are
going on all over the city.
The business men of Jacksonville,
wM1 aR6 anz;UM ;"zl laf O UPp tao raE-
tropolis of the state, and at the same
time benefit the state at large, can
here take a valuable object lesson.
With only one exception, the palmetto
fiber factory,' there are no manufactur-
ing industries in the city to work up
the produce of the country. We see no
reason why Jacksonville could not have
a cotton factory that would manufac-
ture all of the long staple cotton thdt
is grown in the state. They would
have the advantage of being near the
base of supplies and also close to mar-
ket, thus saving freight both ways. As
it is at present the raw material is
shipped north to the factory, and it is
shipped back again in the manufac-
tured goods, often to the very people
who grew the cotton.
If Valdosta, a little more than a hun-
dred miles north of us, can successful-
ly operate a packing house and take
care of all the pork raised in that s c-
tion, why cannot Jacksonville do t e
same, instead of having to import all
of the bacon used from the west or
from Boston, and ship her own curing
thus keeping within the state not only
the money paid to the grower for the
stock, but the amount paid to the la-
borer for preparing the goods for mar-
While we believe it would be a 'ood
thing for Jacksonville to have the state
capital, we believe also that a good
cotton factory Would 6e of more last-
ing benefit to the city as well as the
state, than to be the seat of state gov-
Good and Ba1 Fitting Collars.
Every horseman knows well the val-
ue of a perfect fitting collar to the
horse's neck and shoulders, and every
horseman knows also the annoyance,
irritation and torture to a horse, to say
nothing-about spoiling an otherwise
go99 disposition or making a balky
horse of a naturally true puller, by a
collar that is too long, too wide, and
not adapted to the form of the shoul-
ders. The harness horse does his work
"from the shoulder," and certainly
everybody will co cde that for the
comfort of the animal, and value to its
owner, it deserves a perfect fitting col-
lar, and that nothing short of perfect
adaption of the collar to the shoulders
and neck will be satisfactory to either
horse or driver.
Every horseman knows that not one
collar in one hundred in dally use is a
perfect fit; many will do, but a large
majority of them are too wide for the
neck and are not adapted to the shoul-
ders. Every horse should have his own
collar to be able to do his work with
comfort, and every collar should be
fitted to the horse that is expected to
wear it. If the collar is too long it
should be cut off at the top; but if too
wide and not adapted to the shoulders
pf the horse, don't think that you must
net a nad to ill in the oanee Pads to
about what overshoes would be to our
feet-make them tender and soft in-
stead of firm and tough.
Select the style and length of collar
best adapted to the work to be per-
formed, and whether a new or old col-
lar, soak it in water over night before
fitting it to the horse. When ready to
put it on, wipe off the surplus water
from the collar, put it on and adjust
the hames at the top and bottom, so as
to bring the collar to the deck snugly
its entire width. Don't have it wide at
the top and close at the bottom, nor
vice versa; but a close fit to the sides
of the neck, so that the collar will set
firmly and not slide from side to side
over the shoulders, but as'nearly im-
movable as possible sidewise. When
the collar is soaked thoroughly It can
be brought to the sides of the horse's
neck perfectly; but when the collar is
dry and stiff this cannot be done with
any degree of satisfaction. When thq
neck, with the name-tugs Graugft at
the proper place (neither too high nor
too low), then work the horse in this
wet collar until the collar is dry and
a perfect fit can be obtained. There is
no other way in which It can be done
perfectly, and we should never be sat-
isfied with anything short of an abso-
lute fit of the collar to both sides of the
neck and the form of the shoulders.
Every manufacturer of leather to a
form invariably works It while soak-
ing wet and then leaves it to dry, after
which it will maintain its form until
soaked again and changed. Don't be
afraid of injury to the collar by soak-
ing, if it is to be put on the horse and
brought to position and maintained in
proper place until dry again. When
the horses are worked down thin in
flesh and the collars are too wide it i
a 8iulBli nmtter t .&- them again
and fit as-in the first place. Keep the
horse's shoulders sound by perfect fit-
ting collars (which cost nothing) and
they will do their work more easily
and cheerfully and you can sleep
sounder.--. 0. Curryer in Grange
ANSWZRS TO OO 3 Miia3.L
This departmatis dev ted to anwering
such qoations as may be asked by ouarsub
scribers which may be of general tiforl-
tion. lnaquries of sonal character that
require answer man should always have
Editor Florid Ag rioWitsdst.
I have been trying to have a lawn in
front and around my house. I have
succeeded fairly well but during the
last year the grass has been dying out
in spots. Sometimes the spot would
not be very largo and again they would
be twenty-five feet across. If left
alone the grass will gradually start and
grow over this bare spot, and if new
grass is planted after a time it. will
cover the spot. What I would like to
know is, what causes this dying of the
grass and, if possible, a remedy. C. F.
Your lawn is troubled with worms
which feed in the heart of the Bermu-
da grass, and also on the decayed vege-
tation caused by the death of the root
For remedy, spray the spot with Pats
green water using a teaspoonful of
Paris Green to the sprinkler of water.
Tobacco dust is also a good preventa-
tive. This year we used caster pomace
on our lawn and have not been tro.-
bled with worms.
Editor Florida Aw*rcltirist,
I was very much pleased with your
edition of August 1st, especially with
your description of your tent for pro-
tectlon of young orange trees. Please
inform me how the roof of the tent is
made. I am thinking of protecting five
acres in this way. A. C.
The roof of the tent is made of one-
half inch pine boards. You can use
either pine or cypress, which ever is
the cheapest and nearest to the
point where you wish to use it. We
' THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, sis
understand that there is a thick veneer
that Is being cat which can be used for
this purpose that costs only about $4.00
per 1,000 feet. We hope to give fur-
ther Information in regard to the latter
EnwW PJn ft F'WfsftiWf,
Will you please give me information
as to the time that lettuce seed should
be planted for a crop in Florida. Also
how this crop is protected from the
cold weather. N. 0. P.
In our issue of August 29th, we will
pull an fl r ule tlit will over ton
question asked by our correspondent
more fully than we can give space to
BdUtor Florida Agr*owfwrst.
Can you give some information as to
how to dehorn calves or rather to pre-
vent the horns from growing so that
they will ndt have to be dehorned.
O. P. K.
It is much easier to dehorn your cat-
tle before they have any horns, by the
simple use of caustic potash. This can
be bought at your drug store and ten
cents worth of the material will fur-
nish you all you will want during
the season. It should be kept in a bot-
tle that is air-tight so that the moisture
of the air cannot dissolve it. When
S your calves are six weeks old, strip the
hair from the top of the head where
the buttons are swelling and dampen
the end of your caustic potash in water
or drop a little water on the top of the
button and rub it with the stick of pot-
ash till the lesh is red. being careful
6it to get any of it on the fingers, or
on any part of the calf's head except
where wanted as it will make a bad
sore. There should be a law passed
making It a penalty for any stock rais-
er to let his calves grow up before de-
Editor Florida Agrioultwrist,
I have noticed that salicylic acid is
often advertised as a preservative of
fruit and food. Can you inform me
as to whether it is desirable for this
awuwss Tbrs ans a mnafr this ad-
verUfse now-a-days or which only one
part is told, that it makes us wish to
Inquire before buying. 8. A. W.
The Agriculturist has previously ad-
vised its readers to let salicylic acid
alone. There are a number of so-called
preservative compounds offered for
sale, but when investigated, they are
either found to be worthless or harm-
ful. On the subject of salicylic acid
the California Fruit Grower says:
The use of salicylic acid or other sim-
ilar chemicals as a preservative of food
or food nrtluct It Indarnesnalii;
Whilat granting that, In many In-
stances the dangers arising from this
cause have been greatly exaggerated,
and that for the most part the chem-
ical used in the adulteration have
little harmful effect, yet at the same
time this line of reasoning does not in
any way justify the practice. "No
sane person," says the authority, the
Medical Record,. "will be found to as-
sert that the so-called preservatives
are beneficial to health; on the con-
trary, it is certain that they are all
harmful to a greater or less degree. The
Fruitgrower publishes a paragraph
irom a private letter rrceatily rehe-c
S by a Ban Francisco house extensively
engaged in export trade:--
"We think it advisable to inform you
that the (French) custom officers have
just received instructions to have ana-
lyzed all dried fruits coming from
America before allowing it to pass for
consumption. It seems that the min-
s wia omice iuS f Sag amS f? 0
efeet that, in the preparation of cer-
tain frit, salicylic acid is employed,
whih, it appes, is prejudice to
health A few year back certain kinds
of bee which italuma Oi ae6a wore
strictly prohibited. In order therefore
to transact business in future in
France, it will be necessary for you to
guarantee that apricots, prunes, or
other fruit are entirely free from this
acid, for buyers would not care to deal
except with frms giving this guaran-
Bfall-lic acid en an arth-hydrsay-
benzolc acid-this alone ought to con-
demn its use-and, instead of being a
preservative, it is, and it is used as,
an antiseptic and anti-putrefactive
agent. This, in the opinion of some
people, may be one and the same thing,
but there is not only a distinction but
a difference. it arrests fermentation
and so the thoughtless or the reckless
call it a "preservative." If it were in-
deed a preservative ansi only that,
there would be no complaint as to its
use, but being an arrester of fermen-
tation it hinders digestion, and physi-
cal troubles must follow in its wake
as surely as night follows day. As
stated, its use is indefensible, and the
French government know it, and pro-
poses to do its part in abolishing it, and
California fruit curers or'handlers who
make use of this anti-putrefactive
agent, if such there be, may take warn-
ing from this article.
RATES-Twenty words, nsr and address
one week, 16 cents; three k.k cent
FOR SALB-Nurery-All Grape-fruit Stock,
Mostly budded to Grape-frlt and Tanger
ines. Box271. Orlanoo Pl. Ft.
8AI/T SICK. Cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. Mann, Man-
ville, F. EXF-us.
PINEAPPLE PLANTS-Por sale-Smooth
Caenne, Abakka and Enille City. TAB.
MOTT, Fort Myer, P. 81tf
THE SID B. SLIGH CO. Wholealer of
?nas sai Fnl"est gVmml..l, sa
08 East Bay Street, JseksftvilIe, Fa.
RBBIN COMPOUND-Used for cale or white
l. For sale 0 8600 per keromne bbl.
CY W. BUTLER, St. Petemburghi Fla.
LET MB TELL YOU HOW-To get some
good orange trees cheap. Large stock
itrus ad other ruit trees, ro, srubs etc.
SUMMIT NURSBeRIE Montillo, Pia.
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail
postpaid for Sc per dosen. Good seled
plant redy nw. W. S. PRE ON,
Auburnoal. a. IS-tf
VILLA LAKE NU1ISRIES, Fraultind
Park, Lake oounty, m1la oeff for July
elbu"i s .a For sago MOOK an" lw
prices, address C. W. POX, Prop. UIt
ORANGE, POMELO AND LEMON TRBE--
on sour wr trifoata stocks, tor summer
and fal shipment. Large asortment lne
trees. Write for prices. GLBN ST. MARY
NURSERIES, O L. Taber, Propritor, Glen
St. Mary Pla. Sltf
FOR SAIE--00 cas. ElEbt acres at
high pine land near DeAnd Jundton;
5 acres cleared, tee acres of whioh re
in grove, the balance of the tract Is in
timber. mall house and a well on the
place. Address T. E. EH, care Agriul-
turist, DeLand, Fl. sty
WE HAVE complete lot American man-
ufacturers. Can buy for you at lowest
pces and chip you direct from each.
chin shines of all knds. en-
la=isysts wld md .
anything wanted. Qearreatpoftea o-
icited. AMERICAN TRADES AGNCY
Jacksonville, Fla. tt
fV a fertUbm has enough pbouVMArec add a"d
l nitrogen to feed a fifty bShel crop of wheat,
b$t oaly enough Potash fo thirty =shes,
tfm onlry thkt uan pouly be paodwdceL,
Fertdtes short of Potash win produce small
We have valhaeo beoks lli tI arbou th ase of Is.
laser nd Poenth which shoulM be in the hands o ove s
fatmnr. We ladly mati them fRLE. A portl will de.
GERMAN KAL WORKS, 93 Namsu st., New York.
FOR SUMMER AND FALL
|- PLANTING,_ .
THE GRIFFIN BROTHER'S CO.,
E E D Jwksv.le, PFa.
THE LARGEST SEED AND NURSERY HOUSE IN THE SOUTH.
Complete stock of all leading sorts for southern planting. Genuine Bermuda Onion Seeds
and sets, Matcless Tomato, Valentine and Resftfe Beas, etc., etc.
ONLY HIGH GRADE CAREFULLY TESTED SEED OFFERED.
Complete stock of fruit trees and Bummer and fall catalogue free upon
t application. Address
plants. fanM- Doultrye ateis Orue jTg siW.-alI WiemOT.IRts M.
and grape fruit trees a specialty.... Jaok -vils iea.
MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
6 6 g Passemgoer Servce.
,i< To make elope conec-
Florida tionswith steean av
New York Jacksonville (Union de-
W Or pot) Thursdays 81 a. m.
Phila- C. & B y.) or Fernan-
ainu 1:80 p. in., va on=-
delphia & berld .teamer; meal
elp a ean route, or "all rat" via
Plant System at 7:4p. m.,
Boston ar Brs on arrival
--r. Ariaswx^ airm to -- O raf a M8A Z
New York. r._
PgUWPOSA SAILING for Aug.. 1900.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNMU5WIcjC IfCT TO NEW YOuR LEAVING EVERY
S. S. RIO GRAND........ ......... .......................Aug. 3
S. S. COLORADO ............................................Aug. 10
S. S. SAN MARCOS.. ...... ...................... ....... ....Aug. T1
For lowest rates, reservation and full Information apply to
2 W. Bay Stret, Jacksonville Fa.
H. H. Raymond, Agent, Fermandina, Fla.
C. H. Mallory & Co., General Agents, Pier 2 E. R., New York.
The Tangen Fruit Brusiers.
Patented Mch. 8, 1898 & Apr. 11 1890.
These machines for brushing and
polishing fruit will greatly Improve the
appearance of any pack of oranges or
lemons at a very slight cost, and with-
out damage to the fruit.
They are past the experimental stage,
having brushed more that 10,000 cafi
of these fruits in California.
Circulars on application.
m4 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
iWffST JA X ~AR= P.AURT- In an incubator and reared in a brood-
ggla ., er, they will scratch just the same.
An commakniicln a r-equnriuie for this This proves that scratching comes by
department -hould he addressed to intuition and is natures plan whereby
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST fowls may get their living. It is a sen- T
Poultry bept. Jacksavill, Fla. sible thing to believe that fowls should The Gwrt Througs Cr LOe From Floridk
be made to scratch for nearly all they
eat. Scratching will tend to make
An Ounce of Preventon. them vigorous and prolflc. CONNECTIONS.
We often have inquiries for rem- starting in the Chicken business.
cllie to drive out lUce and cure sore There is a ltory told of a shrewd
head and other ailments that the fowl Yankee who began business without THE ATLANTIC COAST LM0E, via Charleso
family are heir to. Very few of the arW capital at all. Richmond and Washington.
poultry raisers, however, have the cap- He borrowed a broody hen from one To The
poultry ise, however have neighbor and a setting of eggs from an- THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co-
tim of this article for their motto. other.
They wait tll the appearance of lice Having set the hen he soon had a lumbia and Washington.
before applying a remedy. How much fine brood of chicks, but was now in via AnU *1i
better it would be for them if they a dilemma as to how he could pay The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'g
took the necessary precaution to keep He finally solved the difficulty by The Louisville & Nashvlle via Montgomery. -
down lice and to keep their fowls in keeping the hen until she had laid the To The
a ealtiy cai6tiIa. ThI Te fi fslg at-uiIrwi number of wa ra Th ? "'- -.-- |. Thl alnihsrn R'y via Sa~vranitahs e, ki AbS, AhilB
of lice killing any of their fowls with turned both the hen and the eggs and The Mobile & Ohio R. via Montgomery.
guessed he had as fine a lot of chickens
the numerous insecticides that we now as anybody. And as cheap too. There
have at our command. Gas lime and are men In western Nebraska who Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for New
tobacco dust are valuable to throw into claim a good start from a borrowed
the hen home am they are obectionablo cow, but the operation can hardly have York, Philadelphia and Boston.
WI n "A sm118t as tnlls.-Internotto TeThe
to nearly all vermin. Gas lime, how- Poultryman. Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta-
ever, should not be used it the drop-
pings are to be used for fertilser, as Clean fnd Itor b d ackl tion Company for Baltimore.
To show the importance of purity in via stam kip
It will liberate all of the ammonia and food anexperienceof A.J. Halk is T
render it worthless. Another louse worth quoting: At one time a lot of T KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
killed is coal oil sprayed on the roosts ducks were sick and off their feed. AND
and sides of your hen house. Besides were dying, and no cause could be dis- STEAMSHIP CO.
tills, put a motW bafi, such as is used mYreA An thq Ingredtilty 9f the HAVANA
soft food were thoroughly examined
for keeping moths out of clothes, in and found to be all right and It was a NOVA SCOTIA, Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
each hen's nest. This will not only mystery as to the source of the trou- CAPE BRETON& SEA IP LIEif, Hawkbr
keep the lice from the nest, but drive ble. Finally one day the feeder hap- PNCE EDWARD TEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Haweb
them from the hens while they are lay- opened to catch the odor from the sand and Charlottestown.
they were using and found it was very ISLAND....
ing or setting. foul. It had been dug out of the bot-
Another important Item is to keep tom of the creek near where the ducks um E xcu
everything clean. The hen coop should had run and was supposed to be all Sum mer ExcUrsio Ickets
be cleaned out at least once a week, right, but it proved that the leachings
from the duck yards had flown down to all Summer Resorts will b Lced an sal September Both,
and the accumulations carried away over it and rendered it impure, and
ME Is# ___ 5e j mM- TrR zr n4 F sF rS IB wm s zznsannin ThI PLANtT ^yS T It e "maneyLs Ih B S
try raiser who pays particular atten- The throwing out of this and the sub--
tion to these things and sees that his stitution of perfectly clean, pure sand WEISTRN NORTH CAROLINA ali
fowls have plenty of clan water to remedied the difficulty.- A Few Hens. THE MOUNTAINS OF VIRGINIA.
drink, .will rarely have fowls troubled While it is true that the first cross
between two well-established breeds
with any disease. We know of no secures a fowl valuable for egg-produc- For information as to rates, sleeping-ar services, reservations, etc, write to.
case where an ounce of prevention is. tion or for fine flesh it must not be for- F. M. JOLLY, Div slon Passenger Agent.
better than a pound of cure thiann the gotten that such fowls can never be de- 188 West Bay street, Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
poultry business. -' ended upon as breeders. Yet they are M. F. PLANT, Vice-President, W. B. DBNEAM, Gea. Spt.,,
almost universally kept until the flock SavannahG, Ga, avannah. Oc
becomes so mongrel that it cannot be
Important to Poultry users. relied upon for anything. Far better B. W. WRENN, Paenger Trae Man avanh, Ga.
The American Game Keeper, which results in the long run will be secured
from the name should be authority on by taking some well-established breed
the fowl subject, gives the following and keeping it.
simple directions for protecting setting
hens against lice and mites, which isT BAC DUST
their besetting annoyance: A cheap *
and easy method of destroying these .If your fowls are troubled with lice
pests and keeping them from the set- or jiggers, send $1.25 and get 100
ting hens, it says, is to place one or pounds of tobacco dust and sprinkle
two camphorated balls (such as those it in your coops.' The tobacco is guar-
displayed in windows of drug stores) anteed to be unleashed. Send 2 cent
in each nest. They cost very little and stamp for sample.-E. 0. Painter & Co.,
by putting them in the nest the work Jacksonville, Fla.
is doLe, a single ball lasting through Wes Pouly
the entire warm season. Westera Pfatry Farl,
Every time the hen goes on the nest MARSHALL, MO.
she imparts heat to it, and a portion of 4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
the camphor odorizes her body and It teW how to make p rasin
also the material of the nest; lice giv- profitable. It is up to pa e..
Ing it a wide beth. One of the balls, Send to day. We sell best liquid ice kill- .
if place in a vial of sweet oil, and ap- er for 15 eta per fon. Am rn leg
bands tor poultry, 1 dos., 0 ots; 5 for0
plied to the heads of fowls and chicks cts: G0 for 0 ctsa; 10 for 1.
on the shanks or under the wings, will "AVANNAH LUNE"
also wove serviceable in preventing lI NS' TFETH 0I OAOUAND OYS.
scaly-legs and destroying the large lice. HENSl 1 II TET SHELLS.
'For chicks only use one or two drops To properly digest its food the fowl LA N D A N D
of the mixture, as grease of any kind must have grit. What teeth are to the
is injurious to chicks. human being grit is to the fowl. We
If preferred a mixture may be pre- can now furnish ground oyster shells, FAST FREIUT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
pared by using one part lard oil, one from freshly opened oysters, from
part Itnseed oil, a few grains of cam- which all the dust and dirt has been R
phor and three or four drops of oil of screened, to supply this grit which is .
sassafras shaking the mixture well be lacking in nearly all parts of Florida. FLORI DA TO NEW YOR\ .
fore using. Goods very inferior to ours and full FLORIDA TO NEW YORK.
Whitewash the top and sides of the of dust has been selling for $1.00 to
hen hbCe and use plenty of carbolic $1.25 per sack of 100 pounds. We now BO TON AND EAST
add in the wash; put it on thick over offer it at
the roots, nests, and every board, to 100 lb bag, 75c. f. o. b. Jacksonville.
Snsect eggs, lce, mites and germs Help your fowls by giving them SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, OEORGIA.
of contageous disease, if there Is any, plenty of clean grit.
of contageo disease, if there is any, plenty of clean grit. "-Thence via Palatial. xpre Steamships, mailings from Savanamh. Four Ships each we
and to prity and keep things healthy. E. O, PAINTER & Co.,-ackionvile, to New York and maing oe connection with Iws York- nhp r oundhia
Chicks will einnwmece t9 scratch Fla. All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing chedtl Writ
when they are but a day old, po dif- Manufactui of High Grade Fer- for general. iforn tion. Msdin schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
reren wheth thehey Ibae seen htd old tfl~I&A mid 'Wldein lIn aUll lilfnd of PF6- B. .- MaINem, nsm m w WaTBwaklbT AWEI Aw aM m iekah
ben scratch or not. If they are hatched tilizing Materials. savannah, Ga. 22t W. Bay t., Jacksonville, P
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 515
TZAR"l A. on Ien.
my W, V. B1T=L.
We are Just in receipt of a letter
from Mr. Steele, editor of this depart-
ment, telling of his inability to fur-
nish us with copy for this week's issue,
owing to his wife's serious illness. Our
readers will regret very much the lack
of his usual amount of interesting
floral matter, but certainly regret the
canoe of the omission and hope that
Mrs. Steele will soon be fully recov-
Next to the rose there is no more all
round stisfactory plant than the
chrysanthemums. I want to tell of
some that we grew several years ago.
They were obtained from a northern
florist in the early. spring, and first
planted in small pots that were filled
with rich earth, and placed near the
edge of the piazza where they could
get a plentiful supply of sunlight, and
were watered well each day, for the
chrysanthemum revels in heat and
moisture, but It wants good drainage.
They soon grew too large for their pots
and were transplanted to boxes that we
thought would be large enough for any
future growth, and given the same
conditions as before. We took the bud
out of the top of the stem which caused
it to branch, then we took the buds
from each of these lateral branches,
causing others in turn, which produced
heavy bushy plants that soon had to
be tied up to stakes. They grew so
luxuriantly that they had to be re-set
the second time and to be given heavy
props There were only two OQ them,
a white one and a red one, I have for-
gotten their names, and they filled one
end of the piazza, for we never put
them out of doors. When the cool
nights of October came on, the buds
wer carefully protected from any
slight frost or cold air that might in-
jure them, for the buds are very sen-
sitive to cold and will blight easily.
When the blooming season at last ar-
rived, they were glorious in the beauty
and profusion of the blossoms which
were a pleasure for weeks before they
were finally cut for a funeral because
there were no other white flowers to
If the flower loving reader of the
Agriculturist would try this method of
growing chrysanthemums, the results
would pay them for their labor and
patience a thousand fold, for a "thing
of beauty is a joy forever." After the
flowers had withered and gone, the
memory of the pleasure they gave
would "go on forever."
When a flower festival of flower tea
sl to be given, all sorts or nfower
games are in order, and some of these
when ingeniously contrived, can be
* made quite amusing. The following
love-story tells itself, as will be seen,
by answering the questions with thi
name of a flower. The guest who ans-
wers correctly the greater number of
questions receives a prize.
What was the maiden's name and
the color of her hair? Marigold..
What was the name of her lover and
with what did he write it? Jonquil.
'Who was her most formidable rival?
What unfortunate possession pre-
vented the latter from eclipsing her?
What, being single, did John often
lose? A bachelor's-button.
Therefore, in self-defense, which of
the United States did he seek? Matri-
What instrument did he use in ser-
enading the lady of his choice A
By what means did he climb to her
window to play upon this instrunit .?
At what hour was she awakened by
the music? Four-o'clock.
He being ftod of fishing, by what
gift did she reward hipl? Goldenrod.
What candy did John often send her?
W11iat ghastly trophy did le offer hel-
at the time of offering himself. Bleed-
What did she say to him as he knelt
before her? Johnny-jump-up.
What did she offer him as a token
that she accepted his proposal? Tulips.
And by means of these what flower
was he enabled to cultivate? Heart's-
What flowers bloomed in her cheeks?
To whom did she refer him? Poppy.
What were John's last words when
obliged to leave his betlrothed to pre-
pare for the marriage? Forget-me-not.
What occurred as he took his denar-
ture? A yellow rose (yell arose).
What fragrant letter did he soon
send her? Sweet P (pea).
Who were the twin bridesmaids?
Who was the best man to the groom?
What did the bride wear upon her
What did she carry in her hand?
What clergyman performed the cer-
VWhat did the guests throw after the
bridal carriage? Iady's-slippers.
What good wish may we extend to
The Battle of Roses.-This game
is played with an equal nunalyr each
of red and white paper roses. There
are tied in clusters-five or six roses in
a cluster. .Two of the guests choose
sides, one holding a bunch of red roses,
the other one the white. As earch
guest, when her name is called, passes
to her place in line, she arms herself
with a cluster of roses like that of her
leader. When the lines are filled and
all are ready for battle the conductor
of the game-gewlnerally the iostoa--
says, "Ready," and each soldier throws
a rose from his bouquet to the opposite
side, expecting it to be caught by an
opponent, The firing continues until
the flowers are exhausted, when tlhe
two sides will have exchange colors.
The soldier holding the geartest numin
ber of trophies is the acknowledged
victor, and has won the battle for her
side. It is against the rules to pick up
a rose which has fallen: "it must be
caught on the wing," like a ball. This
game to he thoroughly enjoyed should
be played out of doors. It can be made
quite interesting if the rose battle is
rapidly fought. Paper roses, being
thornless, are more easily and conven-
iently handled than the natural ones.
Lilla A. Whitney.
Saving Pansy Seeds.
Young pansy plants bear seed most
freely, and the flowers are fertilized by
insects, particularly bees, in early
other flowers and also late in summer
spring before thare is an abundalnc. of
and during autumn by bumblebe,.,
hawk moths and some other insects.
Therefore the chances for a midsum-
mer crop of pansy seeds are always
Be sure to start with a good strain of
seed, for breeding up to a higher stand-
ard is slow work and our aim should
be to produce the best. If saving only
a mixed lot make note that some plants
and varieties bear seed moire freely
than others and it is therefore best to
mave the varieties separately so as to
keep up a proper balance even if mixed
seeds are desired.
If the seeds are gathered too green
they are a loss, and besides they are
with difficulty separated from the oth.
ers. If left on the plants too long they
It is difficult to describe the appear-
ance of the pod when ready to gather.
but generally the stem straightens out
and losses its shepard's crook appear-
ance, the sharp edges of the pod be-
come smooth and hardened. If there
are two seed pods between the fading
flower and the one to be gathered that
one will probably be ready to pick. So
much depends on the weather as affect-
ed by the temperature and humidity
that experience can be the only safe
guide. If a few of the seed in the nod
have begun to color they are ripe
enough, but it is not well to open the
pod too soon.
The seeds may be dried in little bag.
Florida En t Coast Ry.
SOUTH BOUND (Read Down.) Oorrected to Aug. 10, 100. (Bead Up) NORTH BOUND.
No.a0 Ao.bO No.78No.81
S Daily Dail No2. STATION No.. W7. Dly Daly
S4p luWaLv ........ Jacksonvitle ........ Ar 7p 101
S61p 11 10s Ar....... St. Augustine.......Lv s0p 9s06
S 20p 1115 Lv ....... St. Au te ....... Ar 901.
S57p 114 Ba ".......... Iastings .........LT ap 8 1 2
S+ 6 120p Ar....... East Palatka ..... ." 2p 812 P P
5, *IM p I A ...........Palate ka....... ... I Ta a
S op I114n L"............ Palatka...........Ar 50p 8 0
S 0 726 p ... Ar...........SanMateo......... ... 5-
S..... 6a. L........... SanMateo......... Ar 7 p .. ..
S8 1 lp Lv....... EastPalatka...... A. r 26p 810
7.P lM ......... Ormond...........Lv 40 p 64.
S7 5p 1 ..........Daytona.......... "P 1 o a81 0
8 0 5p 8 p1 .L .........PortOrange.......... 8 4p 621. 4.
S B .... Tituarille ..........." 2 f .
...... .......... e Point........... 1 .....
S .8....... ... s e. ..... .....
F4.......an a. ...1
S ...... 8 "........... lb ..... I4p ......
P. ...... 8 ".......... BotLn e......... : 14 . .
..... ** "............ = 61x i1 b ......... 1130 .: t b
S E ... 60 ........... o. iea. ..........." 11:p ......
r4 5 ... 6p .......... Sebt ianer........." 222p ......
.......... Li .........." IIasS 5
**** ..... bera. ........ 1
6 El .......... ibbean ... ........ it (ll( 0 *
..... .......Jensen ........... 66 ......
44 5 ...... .............Stuart..I ......... 10 4SB .... -
7 1 1 ........ .HobeBound ....... 104a... 00 0
..... 82p ......... Boynton ......
... :::::8 30p .. -..e......... Delay .... ....
S... p.. .fp ......... Uiy0ty ......... 1 L ...... a
4...i. .. 1 p Ar ..... ..tMiami. ....... Lv 71a6. .
Bufett Parlor Cars on Trains a8 and 78
Between JaIkonville, Pablo Beseh and Maywort.
No 1 No.17 No.10 No.21 No. No.25 No.27
STATIONS. I yDay Dily Daily Bn Bun sBun
exiuiexSuoxlu __- j oly only only Dily'
Lv. Jacksonville .................. ... I. 7 4 5tl 7 O00pll 0 0i s' i 1 Tp i .....
Ar. Pablo Beach......................... 74i 62 p 7 p lll 00f lOOfSpI i 1125....
Mayport......... .................. .... ....... SOOp11 pl0a 0s ....... ......
No.16 No.18s o.30No.32 No. 4No..2 No.8 NoM. o
STATIONSDaily Dily DlyDly Sn Sun I Sun
og lo alI or an only on ly ow Dou
Lv. Mayort.........................6. B .......... P l i 5...-
SPbla Beach .......................... 6 8106 5 925 8.E a 5 985p 8
Ar. Jacksonville.......................... 60 8 45 6 2p00p 9000. l 2 6 Il0p 8S
Between New Smyrwa and Orami* Btwe- Tit tw e aVnll ma Sa d.
City Juaetlea. No.11 8TATIO$S INol I
&I. io.1.1 STATION S. No.. ILv.......... ituville ..........Ar
aaipl 0 LT..N e.wSmyrnae..ArI Ti-p 7 -..--....i.....- n33 ............LI 1
409pll51a ..Lake 1 len. 6I 8 ............ 0see1 ............ 1
40pl200p ..Orange City.. llOp .. ...... ..terprli ......... Illa
24p 12 15pAr.OirangeCyJt. lOp 4 40p 9&Ar .. ... anford........... "
All trains between New Smyrna and Orange All trains between Titusville and Sanford
City Junction daily except Sunday. daily except Sunday.
These Time Tables show the times at which trains may be exaoeted toarrive .ad depar
from the several stations, but their arrival or departure at the time. stated is not guea-
teed, nor does the Company bold ttmlf Mponsubl for any delay or any mna cmoq- rr
Steamship Connections at Miami.
HAVANA LINE. -
Leave Miami Tuesdays ..............00 p m. Arrive ey West Wednesdays...... 11.00 a. m.
Leave Key West Wednesdays ......; p. m. Arrive Havana Thrda ...... 6.D im.
Leave Havana Thursdays. ........ 0 a. m. Arrive Key West Thur ys........ L8 p. .
Leave Key West Thursdays......... .0 p.m. Arrive Miami ridays.............. 868a.l
KEY WEST LINE. -
Leave Miami Fridays .............11.00 p. m. Arrive Key West Saturday..... ..11.00 a. .
Leave Key West Sunday. .......... 6. 0 u. m. Arrive Miami Mondays ............ a. n.
Passengers for Havana can leave Miami Fridays 11.00 p. arriving Key West daturasys
11:00 a. m., and remain in Key West until 9.0 m. Sunday following, and at that time leave
on the teamnship "Olivetta," arriving Havana Ynday morning.
For copy of local time ar address
J. P. BOKWITH, Tram Manager. J. D. BANENB, A. G. P. A.
in the end than a -seeds
that only cost half as much.
STested, true to name esh and
reliable. Always e*. Ask
for Ferry's-take no othaw
Write for 190 good Anual.
). M. PERITY &a C,
of cheesecloth, part of the upper edge
being tacked to a smooth piece of lath;
the variety on the piece of lath. These
may be suspended from racks. Care
should be used to prevent mould-
SAW LOTS THERE.
The American-You have no idea of
the Immense wealth of this country
until you've traveled over it.
The Foreigner-Oh, yes, I have. I've
lived in Europe.-Life.
ad. out and seasltewo it Rems r uamu-,
sate your hte, WeigtM Ae, how log you have be
ruptured, whether rpia e it i orawmlli as.o st
number inesa rod te bod on a line with t*
rupture, sy whrtae r s on right or left id,
nd we will send tawm to oyou wit the m br-
rla iar ,Z s a a poE" a '. SIfb a" wb
=n2ta1 flttimeso" sllmlloen n t-i we
will return your money. shows
WRITE FOR FREE TRU CATALOGUE =. a I
*.'ms. Including the Nowgae la T U I s 75
asL..t... 5.- 7 57 wllcll*.ul as al
AdSEAARS, RO WUCK & C.I
*1 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
E IICDaOLD DEPAlRTXHT.
Al communications or enquiries for this de-
partment should be addressed to
Household Dept. Jacksonville.
Good Literature in the Home.
It should be as much the duty of the
parent to provide for the wants of the
mind of his child as for those of the
If the child has any love for reading
at all, and most children have, he will
assiduously devour everything that
comes in his way, even to patent medi-
cine advertisements, which by the way
are -a class of vicious literature that
should never be allowed into the hands
of a child, and which there ought to be
a law to suppress.
As a class, farmers are often very
negligent about providing reading mat-
ter in the home. I have often been in
homes in our fair state where the only
reading matter outside of the school
books, was the Bible and the county
newspaper, and frequently not even
The child's mind awakens rapidly af-
ter he begins reading and everything
that appeals to his imagination is eag-
erly read. No influence is ever quite
lost, whether for good or bad, and these
influences are much stronger while the
mind is forming, therefore care should
be exercised as to what the children
read. Yet but little thought is ever
given this subject by moet of our farm-
ers. Many of them do not care for
reading themselves and argue that it
does not benefit the child. If asked to
subscribe for one of the best class df
papers, they will either tell you that
they do ii t car for tt, or that the
price is beyond their reach when they
can get one for only twenty-five cents,
which is generally one of those poorly
printed papers filled with a class og
light literature, that not only injures
the mind, but the eyes as well. Bet-
ter not read at all than read papers of
A good book provides entertainment
that will often keep the reader out of
mischief, besides laying the foundation
of a pleasure that will last through
his life, for the influence of a good
book never dies.
One of the most interesting books
isf fBsa fat BD C7F Fs& i: T?"
Bailey AllICB's Btory or a Ba 5oy,
It is a pure, wholesome story filled
with the adventures of Tom Bailey
and his group of special friends, and
told in a way that holds your Interest
from the first to the last page. You
laugh at Pepper Whitcomb's escapades,
sympathize with Tom in his love af-
fairs, and weep over poor little Binney
Wallace. This is only one in a long list
that are equally good.
I know that not many of the farmers
can afford to buy many books, but it
would be well if they made a practice
of giving them at Christmas, instead of
the little toys that amuse for a time
only. A little money judiciously spent
in this way will put an influence into
the lives of the children that the par-
ents will never regret. The brightest
pupil in the public school is the one
who has access to good reading matter,
and whose parents talk of what they
j.a t. +ha home. That child who has
iitifl; j5 &Ag3RWm mc ise arn "a, m^Sw
one of the greatest pleasures as well as
one of the greatest influences for good
that life can hold.
Refreshing Summer Beverages.
There is nothing one craves more on
a sultry summer day than an iced bev-
erage. Indeed, in many houses the hot
"cup that cheers" and the steaming
coffee pot are almost banished at this
season. The cool drinks should, how-
ever, be prepared in a very dainty and
Frothed coffee should be strong,
clear, drip coffee. Sweeten to taste,
chill and just before serving drop on
the top of each cup a large spoonful of
whipped cream, slightly flavored with
Iced cocoa is simply made with
water, simmered for five minutes and
then cooled, milk or cream being added
when it is used. But a more fancy
drink is known as-
Cocoa Cup: Prepare one quart of
nice but not too thick cocoa, using half
milk and half water, sweetening to
taste. When cold stir two teaspoons
of vanilla into one gill of cream and
add to the cocoa. Place in a bowl on
ice, and pour over a large bottle of
well-chilled seltzer water.
Egg lemonade is highly recommend-
ed as a "pick-me-up" when one is tired.
Allow one raw egg and a half lemon
for each glass. Whip the eggs until
very frothy and light, put in a portion
of lemon and water and beat again.
then add the remainder of the lemon-
ade and strain. This is particularly pal-
atable when made with Apollinarna or
plain soda water.
Pineapple punch is very delicious
Boil together one quart of water and
one pound of granulated sugar for five
minutes. Strain and add the juice of
one lemon and a cup of freshly grated
pineapple. Let stand for one-half hour.
Then strain again. Serve in tall, thin
glasses With plenty of finely crushed
ice and a few whole strawberry's or
raspberries and bits of cut pineapple.
Temperance punch is iikedl by many.
Suffuse one teaspoon of good green lea
in one quart of fresh boiling water.
allow It to steep for five minuitr, kit;ii-
ing very hot, and then pour off the
clear tea upon the juice and yellow
peel of three lemons and an orange. Stir
in one-half pound of sugar and cool in
the refrigerator for at least six hours.
When read to use add one-half pint
of cherry, raspberry or some other
fruit syrup. Fill the glasses three-
quarters full and then to the top with
iced water or plain soda water.
Many housekeepers prefer good
country butter to the creamery pro-
duct, and the woman who can make
sale for it at good prices. EXeAnsive
machinery and appliances are not
needed. One of the principal things
during the summer months, is to have
some place that is cool enough to keep
the milk. If you have access to ice
this problem is soon solved. A cellar
usually gets too warm and is apt to
impart an unpleasant taste. If there
is a never failing spring near the house
persuade the husband to build a house
over it and use it for a milk house, set-
ting the jars or cans containing the
milk in it. A well may be used, and
the milk strained into tall cans covered
with lids and hung in it. A well that
is used for milk should not be used for
After the milk has stood twenty-
four hours, skim it with a long handled
dipper. The cream should be kept
cool while it is accumulating, and
churned before it gets too sour, even if
Bhouid be 5D to UKA dcgr ific ;Ewiiri-
ed. No one should try to make butter
without a thermometer that has been
thoroughly tested and found to be ac-
curate. Rapid churning is not so de-
sirable as a slow steady motion until
the peculiar splashing sound which one
can easily detect after a little experi-
ence, announces the fact that the but-
ter has come. Let the buttermilk out,
pour clear cold water in and rinse un-
lr^ r N BAUNO
*c "^ rowDEi
M e tod mor deos end
MakeS the food more delicious and wholesome
my"aN ie Poema cco., NEW YrOM
til all trace of buttermilk is removed,
salt it and work it lightly; pack it in
jars covering with parchment paper to
keep the dust out.
The jars, crocks, churns and all uten-
sils used in butter making should be
rinsed in cold water, then washed in
suds made by dissolving pearline in
hot water and wiped dry. There is no
part of the work that is so essential as
cleanliness in caring for the churn and
The next step toward making this
work a success financially, is to sell
the butter to the best advantage. If
you live close to a large city, It will
not be much trouble to find those who
would like butter regularly, and would
be willing to pay the highest retail
price for it. After this is accomplished
more cows may be' bought and the
dairy enlarged as It is needed. Keep
the quality of the butter uniform, and
if by accident you have some that is
not up to the standard keep it at home
for cake making or make some other
disposition of it. E. J. C.
(But what we want to know is how
to make butter where we cannot get
ice and our coldest spring water is
never below 74 degrees..Ed.)
The Art of 'ace Washing.
The face, exposed as it is to every
form of floating corruption, needs most
intelligent and unremitting care. It
is also the theater of the emotions,
where hate, envy, jealousy, anger, and
all unlovely fruits play their mimic
part. Bad facial habits, scowling,
squinting, grimacing leave here their
Sighed a faded beauty, as she gazed
at her white, shapely shoulders and
prematurely lined face, "Ah, me! I
have literally an old head on young
shoulders. I wonder why it is?" One
does not have to each far for the an-
swer. The face bears the brunt of the
battle of life. Women do not realize
the value of an unruffled brow and
serene countenance until too oft indul-
gence in unhappy emotions has fixed
their fatal foot prints there. The utter-
ance of prunes and prisms is not so
utterly absurd as it appears at first
thought. It carries a bit of a lesson.
It represents a desire to look pleasant,
asi tlo pliotographers caution a hitter;
Why not try to imagine oneself before
a perpetual camera? The predominant
spirit that lies back of the counte-
nance molds the tractable tissues In-
to its own likeness as years roll on so
that he who runs may read.
Washing the face every night in hot
water that has been boiled to soften it,
followed by cold water and a gentle
massage, will undeniably smooth out
incipient lines and greatly retard the
formation of new ones.
The epidermis is a horny substance,
containing not one particle of water,
therefore water cannot penetrate it.
ni l mi r gilr l Zs s-f h Vil
pores and loosen all nn~earaw ac-
Every night before going to bed, a
short time should be devoted to the
facial bath. If the skin be impregna-
ted with blackheads and pimples rub
in well a little olive or sweet almond
oil, allowing it to remain on about ten
minutes. Wash off in hot, boiled water
and pure soap, using plenty of fric
tion. Rinse in hot water until all
traces of soap have been removed.
Then dash on plentiful cold water in
which a pinch of soda has been dis-
solved. A few drops of benzoin added
to the water makes a milky, fragrant
bath, and acts like a tonic and whiten-
er to the skin. Dry the face thorough-
ly upon a soft towel, rubbing upward
and backward toward the ear. If the
skin feels at all harsh finish with a
tiny bit of cold cream to replace the
natural oil removed by the hot bath
,nna fritiin- A nnuthful skin does not
Siis?, wt taenifai 12" nuurasepatnine-
sage but it is of indispensable value to
an aging face.
If faithfully and intelligently pur-
sued this simple treatment in conjunc-
tion with hints above given, will refine
coarse and greasy skins, eradicate
minor cases of erruption, restore fresh-
ness and color to faded faces and erase
many lines caused by time, worry and
facial expression.-Ledger Monthly.
THE GREATEST OF SPECIALISTS
OFFERS TO THE SUFFERING
HIS SERVICES AND
For more than twenty-five years Dr. J. New-
ton Hathaway has made a specialty of Female
Diseases. During that time he has had among
his patients over ten thous-
and women, suffering from an
those many different com-
plaints peculiar to the sex,and
has completely and perma-
nently cured more than a8 per
cent. of the cases be oba
By his exclusive method,
which he has perfected during
the twenty-five years of his
most extensive practice. be Is enabled to cure an
of these different diseases. including painful,
profuse or suppressed menstruation, prolapsua,
all ovarian trouble, tumors and ulceration-in
fact, every form of those diseases which make a
burden of life to the great majority of women.
He has so perfected this system of his that he
can treat these cases by mail, without any per-
sonal examination (to which every sensitive
woman naturally objects) and without any oper-
ation, with its consequent pain and neceary
His system of treatment is taken in the pri-
vacyof the home; the cure Is painless and It
pONE LOW FEB.
Write him a letter stating briefy your cnd-
tion and he wil send you a blank to be filled out.
He will give your case his personal attention and
care and make his fee so moderate (Including all
medicines necessary) that you wil not feel the
burden of the payment, and he will guaantne
you a positive cure. Address,
J. NEWTON HATHAWAY, M. D.
Dr. athawa Ce.,
SBryan Street, Savannah, e.
MErTION TIHI PAPEB WHE" WR FOG,.
Splendid stock of Citrus trees on
rough lemon roots, and also on sour or-
WiA ft range and trifollata.
S Enormous collection
and stock of other
a rult tree. Economic
p plant s, Bamboos
o Palms Ferns Coni-
fers and Miscellane-
ous ornamentals. 17
N*ot3 year. Most extensive
collection of plants and trees in the
Lower South. Send for large elegant
UIEE ALL TO8 PAIN WITH
A Medlins OClMt in itseL.
SIMPLE, SAFE AND QUICK CURE FOR
Cramps, Diarrhoea, Colds,
25 and 50 cet Bettles
BEWARE OF IMITATIONS.
BUY ONLY THE GENUINE,
this summer? Then add a
It is astonuhint how ast
hewill improve. If henure
kt the mother take the
Emulsion. so.ai I8we an &ugl.
Subscribe to the Florida Agricultur
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 51T
AN EASTER RECONCILIA-
It was Mark Staunton'A black days,
in which nothing had any beauty in hls
eyes nor enjoyment for his mind.
He certainly was somewhat ungrate-
ful to insist upon being so presistently
miserable, for he had enjoyed as rea-
sonable share of blessings as any
one man has any right to expect. He
was only thirty now, prominent in his
profession, had held several political
offices of honor, and had lately come in
possession of a comfortable fortune.
which, added to the competency he had
imaw ed in his profenilon. made him
now a rich man.
Once Mark had been in love-yes,
really in love; and, long ago as it was,
recollections of that time would yet
come up. and often brought him con-
It was when he was first setting out
in the world. He was only twenty-one,
starting as a poor lawye-.
But only two years after that pleas.
ant passage in their lives, which ended
in the disquiet and trouble such things
often do, Katherine Anson had married
and in all those years their paths had
It was very long since Mark had be-
lieved himself In love with her; but
there were times, in looking over his
somewhat solitary life, it occurred to
him how different it might have been
had that affair terminated as it ought
to have done.
The striking of the clock roused him
from his reverie, and woke him to the
consciousness that while he was dream-
ing, his dressing case sat ready packed
on the table, and he had only just time
to reach the train.
He was going to the country to pass
a week or two with a far-off cousin,
whose pleasant home and merry-heart-
ed nusbana usually succeeded in driv-
ing away one of Mark's dissatisfied fits
more rapidly than anything else.
It was growing near sunset when
the approached the station where Mark
was to end his little journey.
With a fearful shrieking the train
made another halt, and Mark, in his
leisurely way, followed the little crowd
that got off at Briarton.
He stopped in the waiting room to
speak with an acquaintance, and when
he came out he passed by a carriage in
which a lady was sitting-her veil was
up, and, after the first moment of puz-
zled recollection, Mark recognized
It was only an instant and the car-
riage had driven on, he was unable to
tell whether she had recognized him or
not. That was the-flrst time they had
met in ten years.
She was very much altered, he
thought-thin, and he beloved some-
what sallow. She was !n half mourn-
ing, too-that was for her husband--he
wondered how deeply she had grieved
over him. In his misanthropical mood
he said to himself that she had not
heart enough to be inconsolable about
Mark's recollection of that past was
not altogether pleasantly mournful.
He had never felt that Katherine had
been quite fair and honest with him.
Well, it was over long enough ago,
that *as certain; he was a fool to be
troublng his head with these old mem-
ories! But he must wonder if she saw
him, and it so, whether that meeting
had any effect at all upon her.
He passed through the woods and
came out into his cousins grounds.
"Hello, old fellow! some one called
out, and looking, up he saw Tom Ford
running down the veranda steps to
There was a hearty exchange of
greeting, for the two had always been
the best of friends in the world, and
a week in Tom's cheerful society never
failed to send Mark back to his busi-
ness life elevated in spirits, and with
pleasanter views of things in general.
He led the way up to the room Mark
always occupied-a pleasant chamber
tuat Ellen had fitted up with an eye to
their cousin's peculiar fancies.
"Here we are," said Tom. "Now you
can beautify yourself as much as you
please; there's the trunk you sent up
by express. I hope it's got your most
dandified clothes in it."
"Why, have you visitors?" asked
Mark. "I thought I should be sure to
find you auite alone."
"The truth is," said Tom, sitting
down in an easy chair, and looking in-
tently at the toe of his boot, "it's an
old friend of yours, and Ellen and I
were afraid the thing would be awk-
ward: but there is no hepl for it. Kath-
erine Warner is here, Mark," he added
abruptly, blurting out the secret he
had meant to communicate with such
eare as a man is sure to do when he
tries to be extra delicate.
"We did'nt expect her any more than
-tlie man In tie moon,' said Tom,
falling back on that familiar compari-
son for want of a better. "She has
only just got here from Europe. She
was Ellen's greatest friend, you know,
and only a few hour ago we got a tel.
egram from her, saying she would be
here tonight. It was awkward, but
what could we do?"
Honest Tom grew quite red in the
face with the energy of his explana-
"It is a matter of perfect indifference
to me." said Mark, in a stately way;
"one female is about the same as an-
"That's the way to look at it," cried
Tom, quite delighted. "I was afraid
you might be annoyed, and so was El-
The teabell rang before they had re-
membered to go down; then they nur-
ried off at a great rate, and dashed
down into the hall, where they met El-
"I am so glad to see you," she said
giving him the cousinly kiss with
which he was accustomed to be
She led him into the library, chat-
ting carelessly, and in the childish
manner which was partly natural to
her and a little exaggerated for the oc-
Mark was in the room. There stood
Tom, talking to a lady. He knew he
walked toward her-heard Ellen say,
"I need not introduce you to my friend,
Mrs, Warner" -was conscious that he
shook hands with her, and said all that
was proper on the occasion; but-it
must be owned-the room looked a lit-
tle unsteady for a moment.
However, he betrayed' very little emo-
tion outwardly; and Mrs. Warner ap-
peared so perfectly self-possessed that
it quieted him at once.
When Mark got into his room he was
astonished to remember that he had
not taken a fair look at his old ac-
quaintance during the whole of the
The nget morning, oven looking
through his jaundiced eyes, Mark was
forced to acknowledge that if those ten
years had taken away some of the girl-
ish look from her face, she was
handsomer than she had ever been-
with her dazzling complexion, her
beautiful brown eyes, and the rare
smile, which, when she talked, lit up
the sad expression of her face.
iatheFi.i B65SfrtV bgsolt admir-
ably. She talked freely with Mark--
sang Tom's favorite songs-was easy
and unembarrassed; and for her pains,
Mark,. in his heart, denounced her as
the most soulless creature that ever
"bhe nvcTr coaul haTy l ysd h!l"r-
said Tom one night, when he and h'as
wife were holding a confidential talk
in their room. "I fancy she was a bit
of a flirt."'
"Nobody was ever farther from it,"
returned Ellen Indignantly. "It's my
opinion that Mark was as unjust as
possible. You know how passionate
he used to be, and Katherine was al-
ways the proudest creature that ever
SEllen was right.
Katherine was sitting alone in the
parlor one evening, amusing herself
at the piano, playing old melodies, and
recalling half-forgotten songs.
Ellen had gone out to visit a sick
Neighbor, and Mark she had seen wan-
dering off toward the village an hour
before, so that she was left quite to
S But just then Mark was coming up
the walk, and the tones of that low, I A
sweet voice reached him through the
stillness of the evening, and the song 01"ANsmaWus.Sanum.
struck his heart like the echo of some m sams t
half-forgotten language. It was an *
old melody she had often sung for E'e, 'u
him. forp asede smadyon
'Don't let me interrupt you," he said 5tes
entering quietly. a 1 *godf'2FIW m
"You came in so suddenly that I al- nod-a
most thought it was your wraith," she aere
said. I Iiaa Just nnlsned my song-a s u
sweet old melody that my mother used m t-11 1
to love." a& es. b*.s t p r
He was vexed that she should speak aItnmd =dn f-
so composedly of a thing that had &*an orintm
stirred hig heart like a wind from the aBds Swtw r =onn
past. -* ..to r 0 sa
"Will you sing me one of those m -'. (A.l
Scotch songs I heard you singing to aom ,tm .. tim.ar i'a~ "- )
Ellen the other night?" Mark asked.
She sang him several songs, and then
they fell into more familiar convesa- She stood there incapable of move-
tion than they had done during all ment-she knew that he was looking
these days. back at her from the doorway and
It was a full hour before Ellen came suddenly Ellen cried out in a voice full
in, and there she found them with the of misery:
new moon looking in at the window "If you are human, Katherine, don't
and casting its light upon Katherine's let him go so! Can't you see he loves
face and softening it. you?"
Inwardly, Madam Ellen thought a At those words her false strength
great step had been gained: but she gave way-she heard his voice full of
was Innocent as a dove. passionate tenderness calling:
The next day Ellen arranged it so "Katherine! Katherine!"
that Mark was obliged to go riding
with Katherine; and as she saw them She could not speak-she put out her
depart, stood on the veranda and nod- hands blindly, and in that instant
ded her head in a sign of approval. Mark read more clearly in her heart
The following day was Easter, and than he had done even n the old
Katherine resumed her old place in the time.
choir, the place which she had filled "Katherine-my Katherine!"
when she was Ellen's chum and school- There was not time for many words;
mate in the long ago. but in tho6o f6ie Iw iiMSti r tlari Wa
How fair and sweet she looked as happiness enough to live upon their
she stood in the organ loft singing; and memory for life-New England
how the beautiful words of the Easter Farmer.
carols fell from her lips.
"She must be happy," thought Mark, Perry Davis' Pain-Killer.-Its valu-
"to sing like that." nhlo properties a a seedy cure for
"He is risen. He is risen," sounded pain cannot fail to be generally appre-
sweetly upon the air and the audience cdated and no family should be without
sat spellbound while the sweet singer's it in case of accident, or sudden at-
offertory filled the church, tack of dysentary, diarrhoea, or chol-
The next morning Mark surprised era morbus. Sold everywhere. Avoid
his cousin by announcing that he had substitutes, there is but one Pain-Kil-
decided to go to Europe. ler, Perry Davis'. Price 25c. and 50e.
"Don't go-yet," whispered his cous- ONE NOT ENOUGH.
But Katherine gave no sign of dis- She-A man and his wife should be
approval. one; Iwonder why they so seldom are?
He-Because it takes, two to make a
Mark's departure was to be as sud- quarreL
den as his resolve; and that very after-
noon he stood in the broad hallway
with his satchel in hand, his baggage A SURE SIGN.
strapped for the train. "Wa-al, I guess the backbone of win-
Mark and Katherine found them- ter is broken and Spring has sartinly
solves %lone mzM, in splte of all prognostleation
He had taken her hand-they both to the contrary," said the Old Codger.
tried to speak-then she was con- "I see that'the bunch of bananas with
scious that he had dropped it and turn- a tarantula in it has got into the coun-
ed away. try newspapers."
N EW RIVAL "
FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
ablack powdw shells the narket cmpurs withe "NEW RIVAL" Ia sal-
ior triytie. Sum'. flr e nd waterpreel. Oetthe gentle.
VMoESTER REPEATN AS CO. Hum, m.
Farmers' Attention I
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies
Poultry Netting W .LTW Columbian Bicycle
CHARTER OAK STOyES,
CARRARA PAIiT, IROM PIPE, BOILERS AND PUEPS
WRITE FOR PRICES.
OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
518 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
HOW TO GET A TON OF FERTILIZED
r -_ A R
0 0 0
L, 0 0 FOR $Z.
Io,ooo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST within the next six months.
Every Thirtieth person remitting $2.oo for a year's subscription will be given an order for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired . . .
Cut out the coupon and
you will receive the Florida
rlessrs. E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Pubs. Florida Agricult
flnnme- Pamn find n )s9siod i
scription to the Flor:da Agriculturist t
is understood that should the number
or any multiple of that number, I can
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which
o. b. cars at Jacksonville, Fla., with
Proight Depot ....,,.,,..............
P. O. Address...........................
HOW TO DO IT.
send with $2.00 to E. O. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for one
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
.......... o00o multiple of 30, as 60, 90, 300, etc., you can order a
ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
urist, Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
DeLand, Fa. ist at the regular price of $2 per year and have one
begi tat o""c. ehanee in 30 of getting a ton of high grade fertilizer
of my receipt be 30 beside. This may be YOUR opportunity.
order a ton of any
will be delivered f.
ut further expense
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Note-If the station to which the fertilizer is to be shipped is a
"prepay." amount of fright must be forwarded with instructions.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
'^M HAVE THESE. "W)"
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices
IDEAL FRUIT AND YINE: ::- ...;.... :: :$32--s per t12n
IDEAL POTATO MANURE ................$30.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............ $30.00 per ton
IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops) -..---.------ o per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH. $28.0 8oo per ton
SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
CORN FERTILIZER... ..................$2.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTILIZER COMPANY,
P~'s Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $ 18.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano, The Ideal Tobacco Fertiliser, S44.00 per ton.
_a_ ra-mrs ~c~-~s~h~n, d~~rssrrm Jr~rt~
----"THEli IDR, A T BR A NDS-------