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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00032
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: August 8, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00032
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text
































Vol. XXVII, No. 32. Jacksonville and DeLand, la., Wednesday, August 8, 1900. Whole No. 1384.


'Florida Indlmn.
Editor Florida Agri.citUrt.
There has been more "rot" and mis-
representation published about the
Florida Indian than any other subject
that I know of. Once more, I am con-
strained to take up my pen on this sub-
ject, out of sheer love of truth and jus-
tice.
If these Indians have been wronged
it has not been by the white people
who live in their region. The relations
existing between the white backwoods-
man and the Indian are perfectly ami-
cable and have always been peaceful,
with no wrong or injustice done on
either side. Not one Instance of the
white man forcing the Indian off of
any piece of land can be shown. The
Indian moves of his own free will and
does not care to have a settled home,
but should he ever choose a home, be
sure the white settler will never mo-
lest him.
Since the white "crackers" have trad-
W th: I tLe
O^ttecia t s greatly Improved.
The Indian has learned to use many of
the comforts of civilsation. He has
made money, and saved it too, for the
Indian is a shrewd trader and never
gets worsted by the whites. So much
for the statement that the "Civilization
of the whites has served only to deep-
en and emphasize his poverty and de-
gradation." The Seminole Indian is
neither poor nor degraded.
The only white men on earth who
have the confidence of the Indian, are
those same "'crackers" who the "disin-
terested philanthropists"(?) so sneer
and despise.
The "cracker" is the only man who
received the Indian in a spirit of plain
hospitality, neifier preaching at him,
nor treating him as an Ignorant child.
The Indians know very well that the
dear "disinterested philanthropist" has
been well paid by the tV. S. Govern-
ment for his "disinterested plilanthro-
phy" and naturally is doubtful about
the genuineness of the "disinterested-
ness." Indain pride revolts at this and
he turns a deaf ear to the pUllanthro-
pist, and turns, instead to the humble
"cracker" for instruction and confi-
dence. He knows that this "cracker"
braves the same hardships that he does,
has passed through the same experi-
ences and does not ride about grandly
in carriages and seek loftily to tell
him that he is an ignorant child. He
knows the "cracker" never gets a cent
out of the government for treating him
kindly.
In short this poor-Indian-treated-bad-
ly-by-the-whites business, is a trumped
up thing of which nothing is known in
this whole region save what we won-
deringly read in the newspapers. Come
here and see for yourself if you can
hear one single thing about the bad re-
lations between the whites and the In-
dians. Such a thing is never heard of.
The present progress of the Seminole
Indian on this side of the Everglades.
is due solely to his only real friend and
confidant, the poor frontiersman.
I have more than once written on
this subject and striven to set forth the
truth about the Indian, in the papers
of the State, but it has been like the


"wind blowing over the trees." The
cause of the poor, ignorant, obscure
white frontiersman is utterly ignored
by the "powers that De,' and the In-
dian is only a cat's-paw for the "dis-
interested philanthropist" who works
on the feelings of the sentimentalist
who know nothing of the case. I wish
the world to know that the Indian is
not at all injured or wronged by his
white neighbors, and that he is in no
need of "coddling" from any one, being
well able to make a good living for
himself, and competent to protect him-
seol from any man, except t(e Indian
agents, whom he thoroughly hates.
I am sorry for the poor white front-
iersman, who is charged Indirectly
with these things, when he is the only
real friend the Indian has.
The poor ignorant frontiersman has
no one who will take his part in the
papers, and he is so indifferent and un-
ambitious, never reading the papers,
that his defenceless condition is really
to be pitted.
I shall get neither thanks, apprecia-
tion nor reward for my championship
of the truth, but I felt as if justice
commanded me to speak and not be
silent.
If any one does not believe in the
truth of the statements I have made,
let him come and examine the situation
for himself.
I could write a great deal more on
this subject and bring up a great many
plain facts to substantiate the truth of
what I say, but what's the use. As the
couplet says. we have "Truth forever
on the scaffold. Error ever on the
throne" and I but waste my breath.
Realist.

Why the lt. Cloud Sugar Mill ailed
Editor Florida Agricufturist.
Your editorial asking why the St.
Cloud sugar plantation had failed and
the machinery sold for Junk, might be
answered by asking why any business
enterprise fails, though others appar-
ently with no better conditions, suc-
ceed. Stupenduoue failures have oc-
curred in Cuba and Louisiana, while
immediately adjoining plantations have
scored immense success.
A general reply to your question
would be, the failure is attributable;
First-to extravagance.
Second-to ignorance and egotism.
Third-to neglect of common busi-
ness principles.
Fourth-to the employment of "ex-
perts" and the neglect of common sensq
farming,
Fifth-to the influence of sugar re,-
finers, closely allied to the Trust, who
induce the management(?) to abandon
the making of a refined article and ship
the raw sugar and molasses, (of high
sugar content) to the refineries, much
to the profit of said refineries, and the
loss of the plantation.
Sixth, and most important the
neglect of drainage and failure to plow
the lands and properly cultivate the
crops.
St. Cloud, for the first few years un-
der common sense management, icare-
ful attention to details, practical farm-


ing methods, and perfect drainage was
a phenominallly successful sugar es-
tate.
The local manager waa & practical
farmer, and half owner, hence watch-
ful and diligent.
He employed only practical men (na-
tives of South Florida or Georgia) fa-
miliar with the climate, soil and plant,
as overseers and field hands. Men
raised on nearby farms and intensely
practical, not an "expert" was toler-
ated. Crops of 25 to 45 ton average per
acre were made, and from 50 to 75
bushels of rice per acre, other crops,
corn, oats, and potatoes in proportion.
On the organization of the "Big Co."
with a million dollars capital stock and
one million dollars of bonds, an era of
extravagance was inaugurated. Ex-
perts"' utterly impractical, and total
ignorant of practical agriculture were
employed. Dozens of useless offices
were created, officers were plentiful,
-aa-common sense at a.d1ec9* .. TJ.
drainage was neglected, the canals al-
lowed to become foul, practical farm-
ing was discarded for theories.
The local management was abolished
and the direction assumed by a board
in Philadelphia, who attempted to di-
rect the work by letter or by wire. Con-
tracts to grow cane, made with local
farmers were violated, advantage was
taken of technicalites, to rob the grow-
ers, and hundreds of acres of fine cane
were allowed to rot in the fields.
The management was changed fre-
quently, always at a time when the
new man could not change the plans of
his predecessor (in May). He either
resigned or was deposed before his
plans could be matured.
Men entirely Ignorant of cane cul-
ture, or sugar manufacturing, were em-
ployed as managers, with no author-
ity to act. Hundreds of acres of cane
have been lost for want of authority
to act promptly in cases of emergency.
Before communication could be had
with the home office, the crisis had
passed and the damage was done.
The manufacture of high grade su-
gar was abandoned for raw sugar. The
sugar (and molasses with large sugar
contents at nominal figures) was ship-
ped to refiners who were large stock-
holders. Local markets, laborers, mer-
chants, and interests were discrimin-
ated against. Sugar made at St. Cloud
has been shipped to New York, re-
shipped to this place to our dealers, al-
though at the time the order was giv-
en, the goods were in the warehouse at
St. Cloud.
The chapter of errors, the ludicrous
blunders, the amateur farming, the
egotism of the "experts, and the ex-
travagance and pomposity of the St.
Cloud management have been the
laughing-stock of this localty for years.
In the meantime, the "cracker" farm-
ers have continued to make cane of the
best quality on the same kind of lands
on which the St. Cloud and the U. S.
Experimental Station, were failing to
reproduce their seed, either of rice or
sugar cane.
In spite of the fact that before the


advent of "experts" at St. Cloud and
Runemede, phenomenal crops of both
rice and cane were made, and have
continued to Do made by our praotlal
farmers, who know how, but don't
care a fig to know why they make good
crops.
Extravagance, egotism, ignorance,
stubbornness, "experts" and the want
of farmers, have been the cause of fail-
ure of one of the most profitable ven-
tures in the State. I believe this state-
ment will be confirmed by all the prom-
nent men in the county.
R. E. Rose,
Kissimmee, Fla., July 25, 1900.

Pasco County.
Editor Florida Agricruurist.
The season has been favorable for
almost all crops except those in the flat
WoodW too much rain has fallen for
growth of corn on that class of land.
Our section is more rolling and re-
J4e-as4Altne crops. Our trucking nl
green beans, eggplants, Irish potatoes,
canteloupes, peppers, okra, etc., was
highly satisfactory. Our cassava in-
dustry is growing rapidly, and the
Sumatra and Cuban tobacco is a fine
crop-five-eights of it is safely housed
and is very fine in texture and color.
The average was about 800 pounds
per acre. Some of it sold at 25 cents
per pound. W. E. W.
Dade City.

Economic Value of Goats.
To such an extent has the goat come
to be looked upon as merely a theme
for humorous writers in the slack sea-
son of the dog days. that we are apt
to forget that apart from its propensi-
ties for butting, and devouring what
seem hopelessly indigestible articles, it
possesses, when viewed from an eco-
nomic standpoint, characteristics which
should commend it to the attention of
those whose lot is cast in rocky and dry
districts, and also, in a limited degree,
to thocs who live in the outskirts or
within a reasonable distance of the
towns. As regards the former, the ad-
vantage will be found in the fact that
the goats will pick up a living where
cows would starve, and will, in addition,
give enough milk for the family; while
those owning goats near towns will de-
rive revenue through supplying milk to
invalids and children, for which pur-
poses goats' milk is pre-eminently suit-
able, being more easily digested than
that of cows on account of the smaller
size of the fat globules.
Advantages of Goat-Keeping.-The
ability of the goat to live where a cow
would simply starve, and the small com-
parative cost of purchasing one, fur-
nish strong reasons why many who de-
sire to have a supply of new milk of
good quality available at their door
should invest in a goat for that purpose.
Goats, of course, do best if they have
a pasture to roam over, but many cot-
tagers in countries like Great Britain
keep goats who have no other means of
feeding them except the limited growth
of grass in parts of their gardens, with
perhaps an occasional tethering on the







484 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

roadside, and the refuse from their gar- ter fat, 3.63; and other solids, 8.81 per vantage, while their ability and disposi-
den stuff. The milk of a couple of good cent. Goats' milk more closely resem- tion to defend themselves against dogs
goats will generally supply a fair-si,-,1 bles human milk than cows' milk. If give to them another great advantage
household, while with three there will properly cared for no difference of over sheep. They are free from all dis-
be an ample supply all through the flavor can be detected between it and eases to which sheep are liable,' are
year. cows' milk. It is not satisfactory for hardy and prolific, and experience has ..
The goat has one important point of butter, but does well for cheese-making, proved that they are adaptable to all
advantage over its rival, the cow. It is the world-wide known Roquefort parts of this island. The feed of one
almost entirely free from tuberculosis, cheese and other makes being composed cow will keep twelve goats. Cows
and consequently there need be very largely of milk from goats. Goats can must have certain food or they will not Don' tt rtop rC YT
little fear that the seeds of consumption be milked from the side or from be- thrive. Goats will eat anything almost, eL iand e* Jae in
could ever be conveyed to human be- hind. As a general rule they are milked and still do well, and they have this a atohewa quick
ings who drink goats' milk. Moreover, only twice a day. They are in prime great advantage also: That their milk absolbly rw --a y
their milk is more nutritious, while it is from about three to six years old. Good is not in any way affected by their diet. a ain oas uhre
oftentimes recommended by doctors for milkers will yield from three pints to The goat is a reliable and life-long reno aru oorWax o
the use by sickly and delicate children four pints a day. although this limit is botanical scavenger, and can be depend- o In alr tu alI
and invalids. In Great Britain as high often exceeded by individuals, and as ed upon to destroy the many undesira- rooi anis ppi e
as is. 6d. and 2s. a quart is paid for much as three quarts a day have been ble products of cultivated and fallow t tr as o
goats' milk for sick or weakly persons. obtained from exceptional milkers. lands-the abundant and persistent ulTn directions with
Goat-keeping pays excellently under Goats vary, however, very much in their weedy vegetation, which so incessantly eah oEna smk,
circumstances where conditions are no' yield, and the only satisfactory method besets the cultivated crops. Other rum- ul. ry nhei
favorable to grazing cows. There are when purchasing a goat is for the buyer inating domestic animals prefer the
several kinds of goats, but the three to see the animal milked. A conveni- cereals and grasses that depend upon -* : ......
chief varieties in Jamaica are-good, bad ent way when goats are milked is to the labor of the farmer. What these re-
and very bad, principally the two latter. make them stand on an elevated plat- ject, goats prefer, and cheerfully pass .
Pure Angoras are excellent milkers. form or bench. The operation is not by growing grass and grain for a con-
and Angoras crossed with common va- so hard on the back when this is done. stant dessert of weeds and bush even.
rieties produce really valuable animals. The milk from the noon milking is near- Goats thus voluntarily clean lands of
more especially if care be taken in tl, ly always richer in fat, and that taken their vegetative refuse before it ripens
matter of choosing good milkers for in the morning the poorest. and scatters its seeds, and so thoroughly 6 W 18 YOR 0ofh
breeding from. Goats reared and kept Diseases of Goats.-Goats are proba- is this done that the latent seeds of A e .
as milch goats want good feed. ard to bly more free from disease than any valuable grasses, improving the chance To p Tre?'
be allowed to forage in clean places other domestic animal. Professor No- thus given them to sprout and thrive, To at Tree
where access can not be had to unde- card states that out of over 130,000 often follow the second or third year of We have a fine lot of Orange, Grape
sirable feed. For skins and flesh they goats and kids slaughtered at the sham- goat pasturage with a uniform carpet, t a mquat
may forage anywhere. bles of the La Villette, Paris, every clean and even as if made to order. The Fruit and Kumquat trees.
Breeds of Goats.-It is only d"r;n' spring, the inspectors have failed to dis- value of the goat as a bush-cleaner can ALSO
the last twenty-five years that any steps cover a single instance of tuberculosis hardly be over-estimated. A general line of fruit and nut trees,
have been taken in Europe to improve or lung disease, and even inoculation The goat thrives in all climates, ex- roses, shrubbery, etc.
and classify the various breeds of goats. fails to introduce the fatal bacillus into cept that of the Polar region. Long- Low prices and frieght prepaid. Let
The first British show of goats was he'd it. The principal trouble from which lived, hardy, agile and enterprising, it us mal you a catalogue.
in 1875. The British Goat Society, or- goats suffer is diarrhoea, due to feeding does well, if unconfined, in heat or cold,
gnized in r872, now has a herd book on low wet land or exposure to damp. on mountain or plain. But it naturally Summit Nurserie
which contains over 7oh entries. The colds and cough when they have been prefers rough, rocky, bushy, wild and MontJello. Fla.
goats found in Great Britain are a out in rain, and internal parasites when elevated land. There is represented to
goats the animal's range has been limited to a us a good field for selection of favored
mixed breed. made up by crossig na- small plot of ground which has become localities in every part of the island, and THE U. 8. LIVE STOCK REMEDY has
tive goats with Nuhian. Toggenburger foul in consequence. It will thus be much of the field especially invites the proved maot eeffient in preventing sad
and other breeds. The Nubians are dis-
tinguishale by their drooping ears an seen that the goat, in addition to other primitive occupation of herding, which curing Has and Ohicken Cholera and
thingiha ilerse haveir dr eni used Ire. good points, is a very healthy animal, precedes and prepares the way for agri- ktndred dlaeass. It ta also a fan ea-
eing good milkers have been sed r- But not only is the goat an economic culture, with inestimable benefit to the dition powder. Bate are Inoreaing. If
Iv on the native British goat. and many animal for the household from a milk soil. In the aggregate thousands of your dealer don't keep it we will ma
of the best goats in that country Ire point of view: it is valuable in many acres of land at present poor, rough, It to you on receipt of price oe per %
now largely of Nubian blood. The Tog other ways. For instance, the United rocky and bushy, distributed through Ib. Liberal dlcount to dealme ISAAL
genburg breed comes from Switzeran. States use in manufactures a constantly nearly all the island calls for subiection MORGAN. Agent. Kslnimmee, La. Uf
nowhere milk pruch as p ossibe.a s increasing amount of goat skins, but and enrichment through animal occupa-
sought for as much as ss Theyproduce comparatively none. Last year tion. preferably by the goat. They will
are of mouse color. hornless, have erect over 32.000 tons, or 65,0ooo,ooo pounds of furnish in abundance such foliage as is
ears. and light band down each side of goat skins were brought in. chiefly at suitable and preferable for goats; and a
e face and on the lor prts o the New York; and the average price in under such conditions, whatever profit n-menS "mwSu
laa-s CroaWea of thin Brss4l .- Ela Nosw YFk wase 40o GeRtn per nound, or can be derived from herding goata will emmD'SS mSiS m u SISm
ured largely at goat shows in Egland. a total value of $26,oooooo dollars. At come near being a total profit. Wher-
Both Nubians and Toggenbur ers are four pounds to the skin, the average ever foul land is regularly pastured by
short-haired goats. Then there are weight in dry skins, it requires the goats for a few years it becomes clean,. *--O7 mI -E aSK
Welsh or rather Irish goats which are slaughter of 7.226,7oo00 goats and kids to weedless and bushless, and, being evenly 1i.m,,,9jD,. S.o.
rough-haired and horned and are al- yield the skins imported last year. This fertilized by them also, it usually runs espem seeaa8, If ft
ot wrthlss omeor thm whi oMateeon represents live flocks of foreign goats naturally into nutritious grasses. |-M-weso s
From Malta comes the white Maltese aggregating from 25.000,000 to 30.- I think it a great pity that the Agri- 2a6~gsaz-_ -
goats some of which are extraordinary oooooo for our present supply of mar- cultural Society's attempt to introduce a. t
milkers. In Germany five goats are ketable goat skins alone. If all the Angoras to the island was not per- r s.te aaiMam-Sfd
ket to every hundred of the o pula- goats in the United States were kept sisted in. It was one of the many s Z~S. S
tion. and they are also largelynt ioin solely to supply skins for market, they things that would have largely bene- Sham n uael" Hub.e
Italy and Greece. in the mountainous would fail to supply even an insignifi- fited the poor man later. In an island -@Wr d e
regions where no other live stock would cant fraction of the present demand. In where very great dependence is placed S L ta~~mhof.
thrive. Imen Syriveheir oats round toFrance. goat-keeping on a large scale it is not upon the goat as an indispensable ad- ,alUm, ."~L fuiS SS
the daircumen drive their goats round to alone the skins and fleeces that enter iunct to nearly every settler's house. for me'%uowa sno& .ton Os 00 '.
their customers' houses and milk them into the Profit account If the skins im- milk for infants- flesh for the table. and Lh k- ,
oczr w ... s lef FIi Il F F A f a tlAzf Af!%i 'S *-!iii - Pi499.. P1"
has any reshfrence, d e inTh n ha stock, there would have been taken ad- it would have been of the most desira-
goat he wishes milked. There has never ditionallv into the United States market ble things one could think of, to im-
been any standard points drawn up for and profit account nearly the whole ani- prove the common goats by the intro- The Practical
the British goat. inasmuch as a great mal-the flesh, tallow, bones, hoofs, duction of the entirely fresh blood of a AND SIMPLE
variety of types in color. size and as re- horns, etc.. which together would con- valuable breed which at once would
gards horns, is always to be found. the statute more than half the entire mar- transform the milk. flesh and skins to BARBED WIRE
practice has been followed at exhibi- ketable value. Besides, there is to be doubly valuable articles.-The Journal Bae WImRt.
tions of ignoring purity of breed, the derived from the mature females. as we of the Jamaica Agricultural Society. pRIGce S HE.
prizes being offered with a view to en- have pointed out, during much of their V. SCHMELZ,
courage the selection of the best milk- lives some value in milk for market or Angora Goats.-E. H. Jobson, secre- V a L,
ers. irrespective of breed. In general household uses or for conversion into tary of the Sierra County Goat and SylvanLake, Fla
ways the point aimed at are size: a fine the most saleable varieties of cheese, Sheep Growers' association of New "OertUfete Am. Inst Fair."
smooth coat of short glossy hair: horns, such as Roquefort, Mont D'Or. Le Sas- Mexico. says in the Shenherd's Bulle-
if any. to be small as possible; dark in senate and Levroux, of France and tin: The Angora goat is probably des-
color, and to curve backwards; the i e- Switzerland. So fully is the goat avail- tined to become one of the most valua- 2.75 BO RAIN 9O AT
male to be of the same distinrruishin able as a dairy animal when bred to that ble of the domestic animals, and the A Lt ff "
types as cows of a dairy herd. viz.. object, that in Europe it is sententious- recent manifestations being shown in M 0 u. enOt 0
wedge-shaned, and carrying large and lv called "the poor man's cow," because behalf of them are something that they a Ned toa
shapely ndders and teats, the udder to of the combination of value with econ- have lon-r deserved, and the growers of b, sd bWVsa -f-ea
be soft and elastic and not fleshy, the omy of keeping. The cost of keeping goats have quickly grasped the oppor- -wAw 0.at4tja -
teats to be nicely tapered, set far anart, oats is less than for any other animal. tunity to demonstrate the merits of the .I m '
to be from two and a half to three They graze upon coarse herbs that are goat. and they have now almost entirely !. if u an
inches long not eaten by any other stock. The wool abolished the prejudice which has so .. .-. mm,. r an
For household purposes goats' milk of the Angora variety possesses the long existed against the Angora veni- is m. s mlbO
surpasses cows' milk. being richer. highest felting qualities. The average son as a food. 0KV 6,S 'i
n~cd forf nianiify m^ ------ 1u -t 7irt tn Lr nq jijy Z.
housewife to reduce the quantity of eggs pounds. and those from the ewes from one community, there being nearly S.- s
that would he otherwise used, while the three to four pounds. The flesh from ooo head. ranging from 3oo to over 2.000ooo w
easiness with which it is digested is an- the crosses is accounted superior to head in each flock. The average price st o r P .a r" nm
other great recommendation. The av- sheep mutton in many countries, obtained for our mohair, for a six ""am.w3ewi, VS.,Wha* Ui
erase percentage of water in goats' The ease with which all breeds of months' clip. was 23% cents per pound. B xe SloatsS as tow
milk is 82.2I; of butter fat. 7.30: and of goats can be kept fits them for many This is a good average and is self-evi- M
other solids. 949; while in cows' milk mountainous portions of our country, dent as to grades of our goats. WM OU hf COQI S
the average figures are water, 87.56; but- where sheep can not be sustained to ad- There are four growers of goats who









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 485


are paying special attention to the
breeding of fine stock, and the result
during the past three years has devel-
oped some very fine stock, and for
which good prices have been obtained.
In the writer's opinion, there is a
great future before the Angora goat,
because of its many fing points, and the
valuable uses that can be made of them
on a farm. The hair from an Angora
goat makes a fabric that rivals that of
the silk. A good goat will produce
from four to six pounds of this class ol
mohair, which ranges in price from 25
to 40 cents per pound, according to the
length, quality and lustre of the hair.
The most valuable service that can
be had from an Angora goat on a farm
is in clearing brush land. There is
nothing that kills brush and trees
iHi~ kr thin the constant nibbling
away of the tender leaves and bark
which constitutes the best food for a
goat, although they will eat any class
of food that is fed to domestic animals.
There is no reason to believe in the
world why the Angora goat venison
should not be conAidered as dainty a
Seat as that of the deer. If the health
of an animal is a criterion as to the
purity of the meat, there is no meat as
pure as that of the Angora goat.

Pear Blight.
Pear blight has been unusually abun-
dant the present season, and, owing to
the great damage it has done to orchard
fruits, a few words in regard to its cause
and prevention may not be out of place.
It may be defined as a contagious bacte-
rial disease of the pear and allied fruit
trees. It attacks and rapidly kills the
blossoms, young fruits, and new twig
growth, and runs down in the living
bark to the larger limbs and thence to
the trunk. While the bacteria them-
selves rarely kill the leaves, at most
only occasionally attacking the stems
and midribs of the youngest ones, all
the foliage on the blighted branches
must, of course, eventually die. The-
leaves usually succumb in from one to
two weeks after the branch on which
they grow is killed, but remain at-
tached and are the most striking and
prominent feature of the disease.
The most important parts of the tree
killed by the blight are the inner bark
and cambium layer of the limbs and
trunk. Of course, when the bark of a
limb is killed the whole limb soon dies.
but where the limb is simply girdled by
the disease it may send out leaves again
the next season and then die. All parts
of the tree below the point reached by
the blight are healthy, no more injury
resulting to the unaffected parts of the
tree than if the blighted parts had been
killed by fire or girdling.
The blight is caused by a very minute
microbe of the class Bacteria. This mi-
crobe was discovered by Prof. T. J.
Burrill in 1879 and is known to science
as Bacillus amylovorus. The following
are the principal proofa that it causes
the disease: () The microbes are
found in immense numbers in freshly
blighted twigs; (2) they can be taken
from an affected tree and cultivated in
pure cultures, and in this way can be
kept for months at a time; (3) by'inoc-
ulating a suitable healthy tree with
these cultures the disease is produced;
(4) in a tree so inoculated the microbes
are again found in abundance.
The treatment for the disease may be
classed under two general heads:
I. Methods which aim to put the tree
in a condition to resist blight or render
it less liable to the disease, and
2. Methods for exterminating the mi-
crob it..elf which i; of Gfret ;mportaneu,
for, if carried out fully, there can be no
blight.
The methods under the first head
must unfortunately be directed more or
less to checking the growth of the tree.
and, therefore, are undesirable except
in cases where it is thought that the
blight will eventually get beyond con-
trol in the orchard. Under the head of
cultural methods which favor or hinder
pear blight, as the case may be. the
most important are pruning, fertilizing.
cultivation and irrigation, but details in
regard to these need not be eiven here,
as the main reliance must be placed in
the only really satisfactory method of
controlling the disease, that is, the ex-
termination of the microbes which cause
it. Every particle of blight should be
cut out and burned whilg the truce ar,


dormant, not a single active case -being
allowed to survive the winter in the
orchard or within a half mile-or so from
it. Every tree of the pome family, in-
cludine the apple, pear, quince, Siberian
crab apple, -wild crab apple, the moun-
tain ash, service berry and all the spe-
cies of Crataegus, or hawthorns, should
be examined for this purpose, the blight
being the same in all. The orchardist
should not stop short of absolute de-
struction of every case, for a few over-
looked may go a long way toward un-
doing all his work. Cutting out the
blight may be done at any time in the
winter or spring up to the period when
growth begins. The best time,- how-
ever, is undoubtedly in the fall, when
the foliage is still on the blighted and
that on the healthy limbs is so great
that it is an easy matter to find all the
blight. It is important to cut out
blight whenever it is found, even in the
growing season. At that time of year,
however, it can not be hoped to make
much headway against the disease, as
new cases constantly occur which are
auffliissntly dsvfsllpd t, r sin when
the cutting is done.
Of course, the greater part of the
blight can be taken out the first time
the trees are gone over. If this be in
midsummer, the trees should all be
again carefully inspected in the autumn,
just before the leaves shed, so as to get
every case that can be seen at that
time. After this a careful watch should
be kept on the trees, and at least one
more careful inspection given in spring
before the blossoms open. It would,
doubtless, be well to look the trees over
several times during the winter to be
certain that the blight is completely ex-
terminated. In order to do the inspect-
ing thoroughly it is necessary to go
from tree to tree down the row, or, in
the case of large trees, to walk up on
one side of the row and down the other,
as in simply walking through the or-
chard it is impossible to be certain that
every case of blight has been cut out.
The above line of treatment will be
even more eficacious in keeping unaf-
fected orchards free from the blight. A
careful inspection of all pomaceous trees
should be made two or three times dur-
ing the summer and a sharp lookout
kept for the first appearance of the
blight. It usually takes two or three
years for the disease in an orchard to
develop into a serious epidemic, but the
early removal of the first cases will pre-
vent this and save a great deal of labor
later and many valuable trees.
In doing this work it must be remem-
bered that success can be attained only
by the most careful and rigid attention
to details. Watch and study the trees,
and there is no question that the time
thus spent will be amply repaid.-Crop
Reporter for July.

Fruits as Medicine.
The American Grocer credits a lead-
ing Philadelphia authority with the fol-
lowing estimate of the medicinal value
of the fruits mentioned. It should not
be understood that edible fruits exert
dlirrt medicinal eff P .-. :- I..


anic acid, and are useful in simple
cough; but they frequently produce a
sort of urticaria, or nettlerash.
The persimmon, or disopyros, is pal-
atable when ripe, but the green fruit is
highly astringent, containing much tan-
nin and is used in diarrhoea and incip-
ient dysentery.
The oil of cocoanut has been recom-
mended as a substitute for cod liver oil,
and is much used in Germany for phth-
isis. Barberries are very agreeable to
fever patients in the form of a drink.
Dutch medlars are astringent and not
very palatable. Grapes and raisins are
nutritive and demulcent, and very grate-
ful in the sick chamber. A so-called
"grape cure" has been much lauded for
the treatment of congestion of the liver
and stomach, enlarged spleen, scrofula,
tubsrsul1ai, sti NQthing is allowed
but water and bread and several pounds
of grapes per diem; quince seeds are
demulcent and astringent; boiled in wa-
ter they are an excellent soothing and
sedative lotion in inflammatory diseases
of the eyes and eyelids.

How Natives Cool Water Without eIe.
When a native in one of the broiling
hot little villages of interior Nicaragua
wants to cool some water, says a corre-
spondent of the New Orleans Times-
Democrat, she fills a half-gallon earth-
enware jar about two-thirds full. Paren-
thetically I say "she," because this is a
task that requires more energy than any
male Nicaraguan was ever known to
possess. The jar is made of baked clay,
and not being glazed, is partially por-
ous, and soon becomes moist on the
outside. Two leather straps are firmly
attached to the neck, and, seizing these
in her hands, she begins to rotate the
jar in the air. The mouth is wide open,
but centrifugal attraction keeps the
liquid from flying out. The average
native woman is frail and listless in ap-
pearance, but the endurance which they
exhibit at this sort of calisthenics is
marvelous. It is about the same as
awing-ng Indian cluba, and I am afraid
to say how long I have seen them keep
it up, lest you might set me down as a
prize liar. Generally the lord and mas-
ter lies in one corner of their "iacal,"
or hut, smoking a cigarette and watch-
ing the operation languidly. When the
woman thinks the water is sufficiently
cool she stops with a dexterous twist of
the wrist, and hands him the jar. Usu-
ally he takes a gulp, growls out, "Moo-
cha calora!" which is native patois for
"blamed hot," and she begins again, pa-
tiently describing pin wheels. I have
never made a test with a thermometer,
but I assure you they can reduce tepid
water to the temperature of a very cool
mountain spring. In Mexico the na-
tives confine themselves, as a rule, to
dampening the jar on the outside and
placing it in a current of air. Near the
little mountain village of Santa Rosa,
on the Mexican Central, there is a cave
through which a strong breeze passes
at all hours of the day. I have seen the
mouth almost choked with water jars
left there to cool.-Texas Stock Jour-
nal.


ce s. ey s mp y
encourage the natural processes by
which the several remedial processes The Seedless Orange and Caliornia'.
which they aid are brought about. Orange Busines.
Under the category of laxatives, or- If our representatives abroad were
anKase fira. tamarind oprune2, mulber- mosify men of solid Informativ on and or
e is, dates, mandarnes and plums may minds of general training and culture,
be included; pomegranates, cranberries, and not politicians only, or principally.
blackberries, blueberries, qdewberries, great things, rare enriching would
raspberries, barberries, quinces, pears come to us far oftener than they do
and wild cherries medlars are astrin- come. It was through a consul of the
gent; grapes, peaches, strawberries come. It was throughh a consul of the
gent;grapes, peaches, strawberries, eight sort, "one of a scientific bent. and
Srpumpkin and n hitre rerrantst who knew his business," ihat we se-
pumpkins and melons are refrigerants, cured the seedless orange, for instance.
and lemons, limes and apples are re- It is an interesting story, the details of
frigerants and stomachic sedatives, which may not here be given. The
Taken in the early morning an orange start for us on this account was in 872,
acts very decidedly as a laxative, some- shen William F. Judson was United
times amounting to a purgative, and States consul at Bahia, Brazil. He
may generally be relied on. "heard from natives of a few trees in
Pomegranates are very astringent and the swamps of the north bank of the
relieve relaxed throat and uvula. The Amazon, some sixty miles inland, that
bark of the root, in the form of a decoc- bore oranges without seeds. He had
tion, is a good anthlemintic, especially heard of the starting of the orange
obnoxious to tapeworms. Figs, split groves in Florida, and he believed that
open, form excellent poultices for boils seedless orange trees were well worth
and small abscesses. Strawberries and experimenting with there. So he sent
lemons, locally applied, are of service a native up the river to cut some shoots
in the removal of tartar from the teeth. of the trees and get some of the fruit.
Apples are corrective, useful in nausea, When the native returned the consul
and even in seasickness. They immedi- was delighted with the specimens.
ately relieve the nausea due to smok- Forthwith he sent six of the orange tree
ing. Bitter almond contain hydrocy. shoots, carefully packed in wet moss


Could Not Sleep.

TROUBLE THAT CAME TO A DOR-
CHESTER RAILROAD CLERK.
He Was Debliated, =fs sd" h*'in
adI Watery amd IM War si Abl.
to Ewer-Mew Mie Vwumsadl k.


Mr. C. M. Scott, of 1849 Dorcheter Ave-
nue Bot m.who railroad freight
clerk, i a well known and prolneult e-
publican, and repreeutative of his ward
am the Republican City Committee.
Mr. cott has been a suferer from severe
form of general debility, and uervoumue.
He is now in robust blth, and attributes
this change to Dr. Williams' Pink Pill fmr
Pale People. In reply to questions asked
in a r ment iattrviw Mr. ent M i
U About two years ago I miered fome
general debility and I doubt if there was
anybody more utterly miserable than I
was. I had no life, or aag, and was a
depressed mentally a I wa worn out physi-
sally. It was not at all nusal for me to
a to dSl se Tf myT wIrw My bh d nas
thin and watery, but the wort of h all wa
the dreadful, wearylagierveees atnight.
When I retired at 10 o'clock instead e
aDi# to leep I woukl
and turM till well
ao into the morning
and when I awoke
was without any feel-
ing of being rekeished
= rested. I Ilo as
Smueh tuh that I got
down to 123 pound in
*ri ndl d I had no
"Last January a
gl f d uraled metotr
Dr. Willtma' Pink
Plle for Pale People.
tabeso sep. I bad previously tried
many different kinds of remedies and had
consulted three physicians but the little re-
liefthey gve was verr brief o I was com-
pletely droarad. My friends however,
invited and I tried the medieioe.
By the time the esond box was begun
there was such evident improvement that I
continued takin them till the ninth bos,
when I felt that I was entirely cued. I now
-wigh 158 ound.- ThP iU a Le. etf1 O Ye-
vouinet, I r en l and el wrong, and
am able to enjoy life oueeme Mrs. cott
was feeling a little run down a few weeks
ago, but she immediately began taking Dr.
Williams' Pink Pils for Pale Peopl and
hie is experleneing the same beneeial re.
sultl that I did."
(dRigned) C. M. SooTr.
Dr. Williame' Pink Pills for Pale People,
are an unfiling speeie fr meh disease
a loeomotor ataxib, partial paaly St.
Vitus' dance, ciatica, neuralia, rbenma-
tim, nervous headache, the Aier effeea
of the rip, palpitaton of the heart, pale
and allow complexions all fems of weak-
ner either in male or female. Sld by an
dealer, or set direct from Dr. William
Medicine Co., Seheneotudy N. Y., 50 emr
per box, or six boxes for.aK


NhsIug M"8
dread hot weather. They I
know how It weakens and
how this affects the baby.
All such mothers need
Scott's Emulsion, Itgives
them strength and makes
the baby's food richer and
more abundant.
m. and a. Au lld


--- ----- ------ ---- ------- - --------------------- ----- --- ----- ------ -- --- --- --- 5 Fi-~~sl~PFr~ir~S~bTI~~7C-~


I










tJ THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST


and clay, to the Agricultural Depart-
ment at Washington for propagation."
It seems that what was thus sent did
not excite any very particular attention
at the department. Some propagating
was, however, done; but it was really
through a relative of Benjamin F. But-
ler, who settled in California, going
there from the East, that the seedless
orange was saved to be what it is at
the present time to California. Leav-
ing the Brazilian starting point out of
account, the ititams, t 9 l n thul no
doubt be safely made that "twenty-five
years ago there were no seedless or
naval oranges grown." A few oranges
were grown in Florida, but the bulk of
the supply in America came from the
Mediterranean ports, and the fruit was
expensive. The total annual yield of
the California oranges was less than five
carloads. Now the annual orange yield
in California is upward of 15,0oo car-
loads; and next year it may exceed 2o,-
ooo carloads. The total amount invest-
ed in orange properties in California,
twenty-fire ycara ago, waa $a3,000. Now
something like 43,000,000 is invested
in the orange industry in that State, and
the amount is increased about $2,0oo,qoo
every year. The introduction of the
seedless naval orange has caused these
changes. It has revolutionized the or-
ange industry of the United States, it
has drawn 13,ooo men out of other pur.
suits. It has transformed the vast areas
of sun-baked lands in California into the
most beautiful orange groves that ever
grew. It has been the prime factor in
the growth, from nothing, of a dozen
towns of 5,ooo, 8,ooo, Io,ooo people in
Southern California, and it has added
directly more than $43.00o.0oo and indi-
rectiy ,o000,000 more to the taxable
wealth of the State."-Home and Farm.

In the Current of progressive Agri-
eulture.
The importance of pure water for hu-
man consumption has long in a general
way been appreciated. A knowledge of
the reason why dates but a short time
back and introduces us to the microbe.
It is now well known that some of the
most fatal diseases are communicated to
both man and the domesticated animals
through the medium of water, and so
propagated and spread.
On every farm there should be full
provision made for an ample supply of
pure water. It should not be very hard
to do this on most farms; the situation
as it bears on this for each farm is or
can readily be known by the farmers,
and so the sources of contamination can
largely, if not wholly be known and
avoided. A supply of pure cistern wa-
ter-for most purposes the purest and
safest kind of water--can be secured out
in the country in its finest state.
It is doubtful if more importance
should, where good health is the idea,
be attached to food and shelter than
this, and yet results point to a very dif-
ferent state of case in the general prac-
tice. Some experiments and investiga-
tions recently conducted in Canada
make this strikingly clear. In the re-
port published of what was so done it
is stated that sixty-six samples of wa-
ter, all from farm homesteads, were
tested to ascertain their sanitary condi-
tion-"one from British Columbia, six
from the Northwest Territories, twenty-
eight from Ontario, eight from Quebec,
seven from New Brpnswick, and seven-
teen from Prince Edward Island. Of
these 50 ner cent. were reported dan-
gerouslv -olluted and unsafe for drink-
ing purposes, 25 per cent. as suspicious
and in all probability as unsafe, and 25
per cent. as unoolluted and wholesome"
-Home and Farm.

fTh (WhIte Velvet Okra.
Okra it one of the stand-by vege-
tables in Southern gardens. There are
several kinds and all are good enough.
in their way, but the white seeded
sorts are preferable. The "black" and
"white" okra terms apply to the seeds.
Black okra has dark purple seeds that
immwt the dArk sa& Sr te msmbr? 9r aiy
dish o okra, but the white-seeded sorts
are free from this objection. It is ad-
visable to reject the black seeded, and
plant only the white seeded sorts.
Among the latter, the white velvet
okra Is the champion,
The pods ought to be cut every morn-
lag, alternating the plants in the row,
so that every other plant sl cut every


other day. This will prove itself one
of the most prolific vegetables that
can be grown.
The hotter the summer sun gets the
better this okra bears, and there will
be no cessation until late fall.
When other vegetables have burnt
up and gone to seed, white velvet okra
will be full of pods blooming and bear-.
ing without a barren day; no okra pods
ought to be allowed to ripen seeds, ex-
cept for seed saving to plant from. Cut
off all Lte pods ieguSlrly evr;F7 fftB
day and the plants will bloom more
freely. It is sensitive to cold when the
plants are young; toward frost-fall in
autumn the large stalks will bear con-
siderable cold. The market gardeners
in New Orleans sow okra seed two or
three feet'in rows and thin the plants
when up to 12 or 15 inches apart.-Ex.

"Quick lunch" is one of the common-
est of city signs. The sign doesn't say
"a healthy lunch of good food"-the
character of the food apparently il not
considered. It's just a quIick lunch,-
eat and get away. Is it any wonder
that the stomach breaks down? Food is
thrown at it, sloppy, indegestible and
Innutritious food, very often, and the
stomach has to do the best it can. Nor-
mally there should be no need for med-
ical assistance for the stomach. But
the average method of life is abnormal
and while this continues there will al-
ways be a demand for Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery. It is the
one medicine which can be relied upon
to cure diseases of the stomach and
other organs of digestion and nutrition.
It sl nut a rcurrall- It n it nlrillrlnl dr-
signed for the stomach, and to cure
through the stomach the diseases
which have their cause of derange-
ment of the stomach and digestive and
nutritive system. It cures when all
else fails.

"EVERYBODY'S MAGAZINE" FOR
AUGUST.
In the August Issue of Everybody's
Magazine the delightful autobiography
of Stuart Robson grows in fascination.
The lights and shades of a great actor's
career stand out vividly. It is a human
document,-a confidence, and the read-
er shakes hands, as it were, with many
fatnous figures of that day. The title
for the month, In tile series of Great
American Industries, is "Where We
Get Our Salt and How" and the "Sim-
ple Explanation," Is of "Tides, Trade
Winds and Tornadoes" Elementary?
Very likely, but everybody cannot ex-
plain off hand-as Every-body's does--
the theory of the tides, for instance.
The short stories are all complete and
peculiarly well chosen. The articles
on "'Britain's Fighting Elephants,"
"What a Bicycle Can Carry," How It-
aly Robs Her Poor," "Deaf and Dumb
Soldiers," and "A Town Slipping into
tho Rso," are well worth rewdllnu. In
fact there is entertainment on every
page of this issue and something more
-intense interest.

OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession In this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and stricture without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nevoun Disorders. Kid-
ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
els, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice is more than double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
cians, rapidly yield to his treatment.
Write him to-day fully about your case.
He makes no charge for consultation
or advice, either at his office or by
mail. J. NQewton Hautaway, i. 28
Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.

Montana rejoices in the possession
of three United States senators, though
but one of them can vote.

Sharple's Cream Separators--Profit-
able Dairying.


Florida East Coast Ry.
TIME TABLE NO. 87. IN EFFECT JUNE 8, 1900.


8OUTH BOUND (Bed Down.)
__ .L- -


STATIONS.
L[........Jaekmonavlle........Ar
S........ S. ALugti ....... LT
L....... St. t a.....
Ar........ma Pai ........ ."
A......... 1 ...........
g -,,,.;, ,..iihs. ..........
Lv ...........P Iat ...... ....Ar
At..........an Mateo .........L l
Lv ......... am Mateo.........Ar
Lv ....... ost Palatka......... Ar
" .."'.'.'. O ........ .....L
" ........Daw yon ........
. .........Oak 'nL..........
........... TituO ile........
S..........at ...........


S* Z. .,. 8ebastia n.........
S.......... M Iba. a .........
........ Bo la e.........
.......... bi n..............
SJe........... .s e..,H.....
. t.......".. art. ....... "."
S...........Ho tBe nd.........
.......... Wet mptt. o.......
......... Boyton .........
........... W et la ...........
S......Wesrt Pds eora...... .
S.........ema. cy ......... "
Ar......... i...M.a..........
Ar ............ Mi m ............ Do


B. ett P.rlor O Tri d
Buffett Parlor Owns on Trains 8 mand M&


(Bead Up) NORTH BOUND.
Ro.w'No.=8
Daily Daily

Sp10 me
7-0-


lAp 8 l"
5 a la ,
SUp


a la .

ea p

Sap


lie
11JM& ...... a
1a ......
o a ......
101e ......


Ot ......
T ii ...


U~ Z...b.auwfllo. Pablo Damak amA Kawuea


No 15 NXo. I N o. l2 o XNo. i
STATIONS. Daly5 S a on enS a y
Lv. Jaeksonville ........... .. .... a a81o o Is 1


No.a .. ........ ...... ......... I ll e 2..... ".
Ar.Pablo Beach...... ......... .......... p 1 ......
* M a x 0 0 r l . .: O r a C i t y .. 1 ** * * *- -- - .-** *

x sn exa AM Sn ex SUn only only i
Lv. Mayort................. .......... ...... .... ..
PaQblBeach...........;........ S 5 Sg S0allU08 HIS

Betwur- Now S-yrt a- Ouwm 'a w--- Tltwiwr nJ IMfMJ.
City Jm tie N.U STATIONS. INol
o No.. STATONS. No..No.. Lv........... taville ......... 1
NO.$. I I 7 LINB. 1
L Sp Lv W..NLte Helen. r 120pa .s1 .... n ......... ......... 1p
4rrl1215ie lAr.Ordge'yct~H d.L 5 .p 4 90lAt2S ........... Snor. ........... Wa
0..Lake Hele I 20p 85.
AL trains between Noe 8myrna and Orange Al trains between Titusville and Sanford
City Junction daily extent Sunday. daily except Sunday.

Steamship Connections at Miami.
KEY WEST LINE. -
Leave Miami iBudaa TesdaySF WednflTdaY and Friays...........1.....I.......
Arrive Key West MVndyWednefdays, Thursdays iad Saturdays .................. n.
Leave Key West Thnrsdays and Sundays ............................................ ... 0 ap.
Arrive Miami Pridays and Mondays ................. .... ....... ... .............. 6ma. nm.
HAVANA LINE. -
SOUTHBOUND STEAMERS TOUCH AT KEY WEST; NORTHBOUND SAIL
DIRECT, HAVANA TO MIAMI.
Leave Miami Sundaysand Wednesday......................... ..................... -* P. Im.
Arrive Havana Tuesdays and Fridays .................................... ...... 5 a. n.
Leave Havana Tuesdays and Fridays................................................... Ul. a 0 m.
Arrive Miami Wednsay and Saturdays ............................................. 5.- a.
These Time Tables show the times at which trains may be expected toarrive and depart
from the several stations, but their arrival or departure at the times stated is not gwara
teed, nor does the Company hold itself responsible for any delay or any ommequences aria
ing therefrom.
Nor covy of local time board address
j. P. nBCKwrrx. 'Trma anger. J. D IBARHIK aI P. AJ
J. P I$1KWIJL ]aa~ P. .......nU


.. . ..
,


st. Assustina








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 4sl

PrB T.I S S3W T. easy to deceive you in the material you o T FEW WOMr
All on.metis orenqorUafkrsorthis de buy as in the mixed goods. You must IT 8 A PITY U
pariet saboud b ddraes to
FLORIDA AGRICtTLTURIST, rely, in either case, on the standing of
Fertilizer Dept. Jacksonville, Fla. the firm you buy from. The object of
this department is to furnish infor:na- Are Entirely. Free From Pelvic Catarr .
tion that will help the grower to be- F C aa
Editor Fertiser Departsmet, come better acquainted with the ques- MisAnnCaraten,Clayton,Ilay: fonndPer-naanindispensibleremedy.
What is the best form of ammonia to tion of fertilizers and their effects. If Miour Pn na Crdid me so much good. It meets al their irregularities, critical
use for gardening purposes in Florida. you will write me the nature of your believe I shold period, and pect ir weaknese.
T. R. S. soil, what you wish to raise, and the havebeen dead by Mr..Anne Randall,Caro,Mich.,ayu
To answer your question as broad previous treatment of your land, I will thba nme ad by Mrs. Anne Rleavenmwell, do ineerely
as you ask it, I would say "all of them." try to give you the desired information. this time had I not "Thlsletterleaves me elI do sincere
used it. I am feel- think, by reason of your good advice and
The question opens up a subject of deep Fertilizers and Stable Kanure. S ing so well now. great medicine, Pe-r-a. Ithasbrought
interest-"the best source of ammonia Education of the farmers in regard to I have not taken I back my health to me in my older days
for a specific purpose, special crop or fertilizers is largely retarded by their any medicine for 1 am now anew woman,phyescally. I
particular piece of land." If your land preferences for farm manures, and it is 1fo ur or flve think Pe-ru-na the best medicine ia t
Only when the supply of manure is de- r months. I ean market"
is dry or thirsty, sulphate of ammonia ficient that some farmers can be pre- cheerfully recom- Women we even more subject to ae-
or nitrate soda would furnish the most failed upon to even consider the advisa- mend Pe-ru-na to tarrh than men. The chief case is the
available and profitable source of am- ability of the use of fertilizers. It is this my friends," delicacy of her organism, as compared
monia. If your soil is low and moist, preference for home-made manure and Mrs.Henry Ellis to man. This explains why, in part at
the organic forms of ammonia, such as compost, the result of centuries of prac- tAnnCarten. a Scott street, least, so few women re entirely free
the organic forms of ammonia, such as twice, which creates a prejudice against Clayton,I Milwaukee, Wi, from etarrh. C'atrrh of thepelv or-
blood and bone, cotton seed meal, cas- commercial fertilizers. The average Clytoni 1 Milwaukee Wis, from atarrh. J^catrhfto vo
tor pomace, etc., would give the best farmer will shake his head omniously ys: "I was a most miserable sufferer gangs s generally called female disease
results. There would be plenty of mois- when the advantages of fertilizers are from falling of the womb, weak ovarles, Mis Sadie Martinot, the prominent
ure to dec se he material i presented, and affirm his faith in "plenty and leucorrhea, which caused me to be young actress, writes to Dr. HaAtan in
ture to decompose the material which of manure." In the belief that "plenty confined to my bed for a long time, regard to Pe-
would not only form nitric acid, but of manure" will enrich his soil he is being too weak to bear my own weight ru-na, as fol-
also help warm up the soil, which is of correct, so far as it goes, but there is even, upon my feet. I was treated by lows:dItgives
considerable advantage during the win- not one farm in a thousand which re- the most reputable physicians in our me great plea-
ter and spring. Organic ammonia ceives one-half of the manure which city. They could do nothing for me. I sure to recom-
should be bestowed upon it, and even am most happy to say that in three mend Pe-ru-
should be used first, that is before or at when the farmer is blessed with an months water I began taking Pe-ru-n I ntomembers
the time of planting. If the weather abundance of it he has simply adulter- entirely crd without y f
should turn dry so that the full benefit ated his heap with much that serves waspp well--nc entirely supported without ay o my prove
of the ammonia is not realized, nitrate only as absorbent material and which appliances or support of any kind son. I have
of the ammonia is not realized, e requires one or two years before be- A. Proehl, New Portage, 0., writes: found it most
of soda or sulphate qf ammonia can be coming sufficiently soluble to serve as "My wife has been sick for about five helpful. Icon-
applied to quickly give the plants the plant food for the immediate use of years. In the first place the doctor sider Pe-ru-nta
desired push. Nitrate of soda is easily crops. called it leucorrhoe, and treated it about of especial
leached and should be applied but little Agricultural writers have taught that one year, when it turned to ulemration of benefit td women and particularly ee-
stable manure was a "complete ferti- the womb; she was then treated for that ommend it to them. My dressing table
at a time, especially during rainy lizer," and has thus encouraged farm- for two years, when the doctor gave her is never without it."
weather. If you wish to raise a special ers to the belief that commercial fer-d not wlk or y two Everywhere the people espe y the
crop, and will write me what it is and tilizers were but partial substitutes for up. She could not wk for nearly two verywhre rthe people, especially the
the nature of your land, I will name the manure, when in fact all scientists know years. She then tried your Pe-ru-na. women, are praising Pe-ru-na as a rem-
the nature of your land, I will name that if there is any "complete" plant She has taken three bottles and it did edy for all forms of catarrhal dimcul-
best form of nitrogen to use, food it can only be provided by ferti- her more good than mayrothed latise' .. 8a"S ft Iee eatarh boek. A-
Editor Farlizers. Nothing on the farm is as vari- A ast multitude of women have dress Dr. Hartman Columbus, 0.
cEdtor Feruhmer Defwlrtseu*, able in composition as stable manure.
Why is it that hardwood ashes give Its value depends entirely on the mate- i
so much better results on muck lands rials entering into its composition, while exchanging new straw for that which more plant food, thus effecting a say-
than other forms of potash? I have the manner in which it is kept also has been used for bedding. ing of labor and also securing larger
tried sulphate, muriate of potash and largely influences its quality. Exposure The variability of manure is a matter I yields.
ashes, but on new muck lands the ashes to rains, degree of fermentation, ro- for consideration also. Only the best I It is an impossibility to make enough
always give the best results. J. H. C. portion of bulky constituents, and other food produces the highest grade of ma- manIUe on a farm to provide the land
It is not the fertilizing properties of factors, control it to a marked degree. nure. If the food is deficient in any with all that should be given it. Ex-
the ashes that give the results; it is the Experiments made to certain the cor- particular the manure will be similar. periments show that the value of the
mechanical action on the soil. The al- rect value of manure, by the use of Where cows are in full flow of milk, manure from one horse, even if of the
many samples for that purpose -ive the and the products are sent to the city best quality, does not exceed five cents
kali in the ashes neutralizes the injur- following composition of horse manure: markets, there will be a large loss of per day. Of this amount the loss is
ous acid in the soil, which enables the Per Cent. nitrogen and phosphoric acid, and even nearly one-half by leaching, evapora-
cultivated plant to establish itself and Water ......................o.79 in the comparison shown above, in the tion, uncollected, etc., and if the quan-
feed on the plant food that is in the Nitrogen ................. .. composition of horse manure, phos- tity on the farm must be increased by
Phosphoric acid ............... phoric acid was deficient. That such the keeping of more stock the result is
muck, or that has been applied. The Potash ...................... variations of quality are at all times that more land will also be necessary
same result can be accomplished with The value of the above is about $2.50 possible is too well known to be dis- upon which to keep the stock, and of
lime spread broadcast at the rate of two per ton; and if we deduct the water the cussed, but they should be convincing Icourse a larger area must consequently
or three tons to the acre, at least two actual weight of the dry matter is a that stable manure is the most incom- be manured, and a greater surface then
or these befoe lanti tim frteliol 8t~F 4 n ds, the value of Pleft fertilaer ueda upon il8 form. demnda more laker and sansnas, Ths
failure of farmers to realize this fact has
months before planting time. O which is about one-half cent per pound. Are we attacking stable manure? We been much to their disadvantage but ed-
course the potash that is added with the When it is considered that this manure would not willingly place ourselves in auction will greatly change these con-
ashes would have to be applied in an- is not produced without an expenditure such a ridiculous position. We advise ditions.-American Fertilizer.
other form. for feed, labor and liability of loss, its farmers to use all of it that they can
Cost is much greater than that of the procure, but we desire to point out the
Editor FertM er Department, average fertilizers, as the farmer must way to better results with it. The dif- With the many appliances and vari-
I am figuring on my material for fall handle the great mass of water com- ficulty is that the farmer does not have ous kinds of machinery necessary in the
planting, and want to know whether it posing the manure, not only in the heap one-tenth enough of it. He is com- miningr and manufacture of fertilizers,
is cheaper to buy the materials and mix but in hauling and spreading it over his pelled to spread over ten acres the ma- there will grow up a demand for more
them myself, or buy the goods already fields, forty tons of such manure not be- nure that should be concentrated over improvement, and progress can not be
mixed. Some say "buy the chemicals, ing excessive on an acre if the land is a single acre of land. He is compelled checked. The fertilizer industry is one
etc.," and the fertilizer agents say buy expected to give such results as is often also to wait for months in order to have that includes many others. From the
the "ready mixed." A. R. P. obtained by the use of commercial fer- his manure become soluble, after it is time the materials are mined from the
There are so many conditions to come tilizers. aonlied on the soil, and he is subject to earth or dredged from the rivers,
in that it is impossible to answer our When it is considered, however, that loss of crop, or decreased yield, because through the various stages to the con-
in that it is impossible to answer your manure heaps are ompo.4 inantly of his rs!it-"s h1" s" !?t4 whlly Rn edition for market, there are many Dro-
questiuoa liret. Both p151U ht&VM their absorbents, and that when the farmer his manure. What is necessary is not cesses; and large numbers of persons
advantages, and you must study out the uses his teams to haul the contents of only to use fertilizers and manure but are given employment. Even the iron
one that is best suited to your individ- the manure heap to the fields he must also to supply any deficiency in the ma- industry and the manufacture of gas
ual case. not only handle a large proportion of nure by the use of such ingredients as contribute to the whole.-Ex.
If you understand the effect of the bulky and undecomposed material, and will serve to "balance the ration" for
bestow a large amount of labor in coi- the plants according to the kind of crop,
different fertilizing materials on the electing. turning over, hauling and its requirements, and the adaptability of TRUSSES, 0 ~I2 AND UP
plants you wish to grow and the action spreading, there is applied to the land the soil to supply plant food from the
of the different chemicals on one an- really but a small proportion of plant soluble substances which it contains.
other, and understand how to mix to food, the cost of which is greater than We believe that when the farmers as
e the desired ana s you cn o an be estimated by the farmer, but as a class understand that fertilizers and *i5.
get the desired analysis, you can do he has been taught to believe that sta- manures are the same. and that they can w660.. S, -- -S iS I "
your own mixing to advantage. You ble manure is a "complete fertilizer," apply in a concentrated form, the plant at' VA I ---
can then vary your formulae to suit the he plods his way, year after year, and food desired, rather than to handle bulk IU. l cI*
diffrcnt rcquiremcnts of your soil or ignorantly endeavors to improve his and entail libor, no manure will be con- I W o 5 emw
ntland vet making mistakes owing to tra- sidered complete unless it has been in- a Odt "aS Ime, annA WI
plants. If you are not thus posted, it editions and customs which are difficult creased in value with the aid of the m.t.se-wu, m 5hwOmi aboa
a tbe Tm wuid odw b an a wh tb
would be better for you to buy ready- to overcome because he supposes the salts that are always available when =pi itSLoe rbo t36 e
mixed goods from some reliable firm one kind costs nothing while the other placed in the soil, and The American assIm :Wt 7. Wih the usid-
or consult some one who does know, is expensive. He will haul his straw Fertilizer will aim to impress this fact .ns S kdr dw. Snessema3nmwe
bto the city and then haul it back to his not only on farmers but on agents. A will return ,u m hoan.
before putting your money into "raw" farm from the livery stables, under the higher system of agriculture can only NOT as h R ts= sII o a o
material. Frtmamewshidisir X" ftu" us 1.
material. supposition that he is hauling valuable be obtained by concentration of effort, 6utm shum wr gu o"U eu
You should bear in mind that it is as plant food, when in fact he is simple utilizing smaller areas, and app!y:ng &UmSE @UO k @00. d









488 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FMAIIA AGBICLTIT.

Entered at the postoce at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as eeod lass matter

IL O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers sad Proprietor

Published eve Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.


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THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Ailiated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.

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oom 4 Robinson Block Viaduct, where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to ae ny of our sub-
scribers. Ay tim e cn be of service in
Jacksonville, drop a a Ibm to above address.

WEDNESDAY, AUG. 8, 1900.

At the Experiment Station.
On July 29th, editors of the agricul-
tural press of Florida, were invited by
Prof. Stockbridge to dine with him.
The spread to be composed of products
of the Station farm. Mr. S. Powers, of
the Agricultural Department of the
Times-Union and Citizen, and the writ-
er were the only representatives of the
press present.
Whether it was the skillful manner
in which everything was prepared or
the prodigious appetites of the rural
scribes can only be surmised, but it
was certain that the editor's ability to
consume was only equaled by the Sta-
tion's ability to produce. Dr. Yocum.
together with Dr. Stockbridge's wife
and interesting children, made up
the dinner party. There was a most
bountiful supply of various meats and
vegetables, cooked In a most tempting
manner. The mutton was most deli-
cious and splendidly "done" but the
one item that attracted the writer's at-
tention was the cassava bread which
was made after the manner of ordinary
corn bread. It was equal to any of
the best corn bread that the writer
has ever tasted and he professes to be
a good judge of this article. The fruit
in the way of chuckle berries, peaches
and grapes were very delicious and
nicely served.
The Professor gave his guests the
privilege of choosing between Statior
made sugar, which, of course, had no
been refined, and the regular refined
article. The taste of the brown suga
carried us back to our boyhood days
when the cost of the granulated ar
tide was too great for general pur
poses. But our boyhood taste did no
prevail and we returned to the im
proved article of to-day. The sugar


however, proves what could be done in
this state by the ordinary farmer if
he would but take the trouble to post
himself in the method of preparation.
The brown sugar would answer for
cooking purposes, and for many things
where they now have to buy..
Speaking for ourselves, we certainly
enjoyed the dinner and appreciated
very much the fact that it was a home
production. We hope to see the time
come when every farmer in the coun-
try can say that the whole list of pro-
visions used on his table were raised
on his farm.
Shortly after dinner, the guests were
invited to a ride over the Station farm.
Passing the pig-sty, 'we were shown
several experiments that were being
made in the breeding of pigs. One of
the most interesting features, however,
was the fact that the piney wood root-
er or razor backs, that were being
properly fed and cared for on the same
basis with the improved breeds, were
showing as much growth and had
much promise of keeping up with their
improved companions.
Passing the tobacco barn, we found
the hands busy looking after the cur-
ing of the Station crop of tobacco
which was being harvested. This ex-
periment will cover a series of three
years when the tobacco will be com-
pared and a bulletin published which
should give results that ought to be
very valuable to the Florida growers.
We also passed through the stalls
where the cattle were kept, all of
which at this time of day, were out in
the pastures. From the stables we vis-
ited the fields where the various ex-
periments were being carried on. Cot-
ton, sweet potatoes, corn, etc., were all
carefully plotted off and different
methods of fertilizing and cultivation
carried out. There was marked dif-
ference in some of the growth which
was more noticible in the corn at the
present than in anything else, as the
yield of ears could plainly be seen.
One of the valuable experiments to be
made with corn, is the fact that the
Station this year, will cut and shock
it and use a shredder in preparing the
stalk for fodder. This method is being
adopted by many southern farmers and
it is hoped that the experiment at this
station will demonstrate that we have
this source as another means of fod-
der for our stock.
The Experiment Station under Dr.
Stockbridge, has made some valuable
experiments and it is the aim of the
present board of management that
these experiments will be continued
in a practical as well as scientific man-
ner.
Before closing our remarks, however,
we wish to add that we visited the
Station smoke house and there saw
hanging in apparently perfectly sound
and good condition, cured pork of dif-
ferent descriptions, that was cured and
hung up last April, showing that it is
possible to cure all the meat of this
kind that is required in this state. We
hope that this good work may continue,
and that the experiments carried on by
the Station may prove valuable and
far reaching in their effects.
r California's Aliction.
8' California is now being "aliteted"
- with fertilizer agents and factories.
- New factories are going up in different
t parts of the state, and the country it
- being flooded with their literature. We
, have just received a pamphlet from a


On another page will be found an ar-
ticle on the subject of "Goats." We
have often wondered why it is that
there are not large flocks of these an-
imals being raised in all parts of the
state. The goat is easier raised and
gives better returns for the labor ex-
pended than any other animal we can
raise and will thrive where cows would
starve, and get fat where even the
Florida razor-back could not exist. Be-
sides the meat produced from the goat,
which is in many sections sold for
mutton, the dry skins are worth from
16 to 20 cents per pound, and the hair
from 25 to 30 cents per pound. Of
course in speaking of hair, we refer
to the Angora goat, as the hair of
the other or common species is of
practically no value.
There is a somewhat prejudice feel-
ing against goat milk for family use,
but it has been demonstrated, and
physicians now recommend it as being
much better for infants and invalids
than the milk of cows. If these facts
were more thoroughly known there
would be a demand in the winter time
for goats milk at nearly all of our fash-
ionable winter hotels and boarding
houses, at prices that would be even
better than that of cows milk.
At Pierson the industry of sheep
raising is growing and the flocks are
being constantly increased. In a con-
versaton recently, with one of the own-
ers of the flocks, he stated that he was
well pleased with the returns so far,
although this year had been somewhat
unfavorable, owing to the unusual
amount of wet weather. Every sea-
son he was learning new features
about the business which enabled him
to make it more profitable and to take
better care of his flock. What one or
two men can do, others ought to be
able to repeat. We believe that goat
farming would be much more profit-
able than sheep raising and hope soon
to see some of our waste land being
utilized for this purpose.

Cataloguing the Peach.
Prof. H. C. Irish, of the Missouri
Botanical Gardens, St. Louis, is now
at work on a catalogue that will be of
great importance and interest to the
peach growers of the United States.
The catalogue will give full descrip-
tions of the different varieties of
peaches grown in America, with a his-


fertilizer works at Loa Angeles and are
somewhat surprised at the analysis of
their "special" orange and lemon
brands. It reminds us of fifteen years
ago. when this state was flooded with
so-called orange tree "specials," manu-
factured by people who-had never seen
an orange growing. Anything that
would not sell elsewhere was sent here
as a "special" and our people all
bought. The following is the analysis
of their "standard" orange brand.
Ammonia ........ 5 to 7 per cent
Phosphoric acid...10 to 14 per cent
Potash .... .... 1 to 2 per cent
If this is the kind of plant food
the California people apply to their
orange trees, we do not wonder at the
orange having thick skins, little Juice
and plenty of rag. The composition of
fertilizer is most admirably arranged to
produce these same results. If Califor-
nia would reap the benefit of Florida's
experience, her growers would demand
a fertilizer for bearing trees with about
10 percent, more potash and less am-
monia.


__ ----- --


Goats.


tory of Its Introduction. All peach
growers can readily understand the im-
portance of this work, and it is hoped
that Professor Irish will soon be able
to announce the completion of the
work. We hope he will be able to get
the different varieties of peaches that
are grown in Florida. many of which
are not raised in any other state, cat-
alogued, as this industry is rapidly
growing and has the promise of being
of much importance in the near future.

St. Petersburg.
St. Petersburg seems to be on the
very crest of the wave of prosperity.
This is due to the fact that the pine-
apple industry has proved very profit-
able and new pinerles are being put
out in all directions. The orange crop
there this year, will also bring in a
good revenue to the growers. The fol.
lowing items are taken from the St.
Petersburg Times.
"It is remarkable the great number of
improvements going on In our city and
vicinity. In every direction are to be
seen new buildings. It is almost im-
possible to keep up with them. It is
not only so in town, but in the country.
After leaving the town limits there are
evidences of the extention of the pine-
apple industry. Land is being pre-
pared in every direction for the culture
of pineapples. No one seems to be go-
ing it on a mamoth scale, yet we ven-
ture that the number who are really
engaging in the business will exceed
that of any part of Florida."
"Mr. Cyrus W. Buttler, the enterpris-
ing owner of one of the largest pineries
in the community, has planted a nice
row of cabbage palms on his property
along Sixth avenue. If all the property
owners would follow his example, it
would add greatly to the appearance
of our otherwise attractive community.
This is about two and one-half miles
west of town."
"Mr. J. C. Heard has had the tele-
phone line extended out to his pinery.
We suppose all our pineapple and or-
ange growers In the vicinity of St.
Petersburg will do likewise."

ANSWER 'TO o002aaSPONDRRIWM.

This department is dev ted to answering
such questions as may be asked by our sub-
scribers, which may be of general informa-
tion. Inquiries of personal character that
require answer by mail should always have
stamps enclosed.

Editor Florida Agrlcufturist.
Will you please advise me as to what
kind of land it is around Sanford on
which they raise celery. Do they ir-
rigate, and if so, how. P. S. T.
The land used for celery is flatwoods
and hammock, selection being made
with a view to drainage as well as ir-
rigation. It is important to have both.
At Sanford they are very fortunate in
being able to secure flowing wells at
small cost. Their method of irrigation
is both by open ditches and by tiling.
In open ditches, the water is run from
the artesian wells to different parts of
the bed as wanted. For a description
of the tiling method, we publish a part
of Mr. M. F. Robinson's reports to the
Horticultural Society, on this subject.
It is as follows:
"Your committee is indebted to Mr.
Rand, of Sanford, for the following
description of his plant, which seems to
be everything desired for the purpose-
intended, to-wit: growing celery and
other crops. He says that he selected
a lot near Sanford where flowing wells
could be obtained, twenty acres being
800 by 1,128 feet, and as nearly level as
practicable. He put down four artes-
ian wells to an average depth of 150
feet and in each case obtained a good
flow of water, averaging about three
inches. These wells are situated along
selected where there is water or a
water bearing clay from eight to









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 489


the south side of the field and 200 fee
apart. Running directly north froi
each of these wells he constructed
line of catch-basins of brick and ce
ment, water-tight, twenty-tour inches
long north and south, fourteen inches
above the surface of the ground. These
f8teiB- lzSS aRFe ri5B-dii a by a p a
tuition running east and west, tw
inches thick and fifteen inches higl
leaving the south chamber fourtee
inches square and the other 8x1
inches. Note that the smaller chamber
Is on the opposite side from the we
and that the partition comes with
four inches of the surface of the ground
and eight inches from the top of th
basin. In the partition there are tw
three-inch holes. One of them
one inch from the bottom of the basi
and the other is two inches above th
top of the first one. In these holes at
set three inch Iron thimbles. These
Cranumtflli ar s tW'1nry rt Ri f
iroifH etref to ceutre, the wnole widt
of the field making forty in a row
They are connected north and south b
three inch vitrified sewer pipe, cement
ed at the Joints and to the iron thin
bles opening into the catch-basins. Th
object of the iron thimbles at the open
fngs is to enable them to be plugge
without breaking them. The top C
these vitrified pipes must be fourteen
inches below the surface.
"The water from the well, whe
turned on, flows into the top of th
larger chamber in the first catch-basil
The entire fall of this 800 feet is onl
two inches. The basin at the north sid
empties into a pipe that empties int
an open ditch which has sufficient ci
pacity and fall to carry of the watt
quickly. After this line of pipe ha
been tested by turning on the watt
and then draining it off, they may i
once be covered with earth. The i
rigation pipes are laid at right angle
.ltk. tC:e lp JOt A<.4ed a.ud o'

same through iron thimbles, and at
two inch earthen, unglased pipes froi
ten to eighteen inches long with squat
ends, and are laid fourteen inches bi
low the surface of the ground on a be
of charcoal two inches thick, withox
cement, and covered with about fox
inches of charcoal before the earth
put on. They connect with the large
chambers in the basins. At the we;
end of the field these irrigating pipt
empty into an open ditch through sho:
Iron pipes at each terminus. It wi
be observed that the water pipes an
the irrigating pipes connect at eac
basin, and that the water from tl
different wells can be turned into an
part of the field by means of inserting
wooden plugs or removing them
such a manner that the water can I
sent where it is needed and prevent
from going where it is not wanted.
"The partitions In each catch-baar
are to prevent the land from being t
much flooded in case of an unexpected
rain storm when no one is present
remove the plugs. The outlets fro
the small chambers not being pluggt
the water can only raise until it ru
over the tops of the partitions and tl
surplus is carried off. The object ,
two holes in the partition is to bett
regulate the quantity of the water tlh
is to be put into the land through tl
irrigating pipes. On this twenty acre
there are 160 catch-basins, 45, 130 te
of two inch pipe and 3,200 feet
three-inch pipe. It required to bui
the basin and lay the pipe, 12,000 bri<
and twenty-three barrels of hydraul
cement. This plant has been flood,
in dry times from the wells in eightei
hours, and then the water drained (
in four hours. Notwithstanding th
has been a wet season, he has nev
lost a day from cultivation on accou
of too much or too little water.
seems to be al that could be design
for the purpose intended.
"On account of the excessive rail
and protracted droughts in Florida,
every farmer could have one field, evi
thush small, under perfect control
to drainage and irrigation, it won
prove a very satisfactory investmer
However, for fruit trees a careful
selected location will obviate all ne
essity for irrigation or drainage, a
where such locations can be obtain
they are highly desirable. It a spot


!t twelve feet below the surface, by the
n time the trees are old enough to bear,
a the roots will have penetrated the
e- moist stratum and the trees will not
!s drop their foligae or fruit during the
?s most protracted drought. That such
e are to be found in many parts of the
'- Sfita of biinildfiJlE trafi lt 15 ii VriW
o fortunate circumstance connected with
h, the industry."
n -
4 Editor Florida Agriculturist,
r We have read a good deal about Ft.
II Myers in the newspapers during the
n last four or five months. I would like
d to know what kinds of fruit besides
te the citrus can be successfully grown
o there. H. B.
is Probably the best way to answer the
n above inquiry is to give a list of fruit
ie and vegetables that the writer saw in
Sthe window of the store of Mr. Heit-
. ean on _Xtat-h QAth. r'ho alrlayise w A
h made ior inhe iDneofi or ih Fiorida
7. Press Association that was then in ses-
y sion at Ft. Myers.
S Fruits.-Grape Fruit, Tangerines,
Lemons, Limes, Pawpaws, South
e American Guavas, Bananas, Jamacia
L- Apples, Golden Queen Pineapples, Cit-
d ron, Cocoanuts, Oranges, King Or-
f anges, Villa Franca Lemons, Kum-
U quats, Guavas, Catley Guavas, Japan
Plums, Sappodllas, Red Spanish Pine-
n apples, Strawberries.
le Vegetables.-Cabbage, Turnips, Egg-
n. plant, Lettuce, String Beans, Young
y Onions Sugar Corn, Tomatoes, Ruta-
le bagas, Beets, Fresh Garden Peas, Cel-
:o ery, Radishes, Cauliflower, Green
i- Peppers and Sugar Cane.
er

r CHEAP COLUMN
t ATES-Twenty words, name and address
r- one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
SAIT SICK. Cured for one dollar or
.' sviI e. 3sa. 10& KZ.0.
re
n PINEAPPLE PL NTS-For sale-Smooth
Cayenne, Abakka and Enville City. TAS.
e MOTT, Fort Myers, Pla.tf
d FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
Grapefruit Trees 400 bdded. Bo
It Orlando, Fla.. 4td
is THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
;e j3 East Bay Street, Jacksonville Fla.
st 47tt
es BBSIN COMPOUND-Used forscale or white
rt fly. For sale @ $6 00 per kerosene bbl.
ll CYRUS W. BUTLBR, St. Petersbrgh. Pla.
d 32x35
Id
,h BBLGIAN HARES-Splendid California Buck
Lord Rosslyn Jr., Score 924. Site Lord
le Roslyn, Dam American Girl. Service $3;
y Two $5. J. F. Corrigan, St. Leo, Pla. t32
Lg LET ME TELL YOU HOW-To get some
in good orange trees cheap. Large stock
be citrus and other ruit trees, roses, shrubs etc.
SUMMIT NURSERIES Monticllo, Pla.
ed 32s34
In I]eB.PPI5 PLANT FOrB SAliE
In Abakka and Golden Queen Suckers and
O Slips from fine thrifty points. Address
-d Arthur H. Brown, Manatee, Fla. 26x33
to JAMAICA SORRli plants, by mail
im postpaid for 25c per dozen. Good stied
ed plants ready now. W. S. PRESTON,
s Auburndale, Fl. 15-tt
he LAN-D TO RENT-In South Florida for
o what it will produce over 500. p r acre
er Party must have some money. I. M.
at DE PBW, Palmasola, P ME0
he
FOR SALE OR RENT-Beautiful bluff home
near Hotel Belleview, furnished. Farm
et equipment convenient. Bathing, fishing.
of Land, strawberry, orange. Bargain. W. A.
Id WICKS, Belleair. Fla. 31x33
ck VILLA LA E NURSERIES, Fruntland
ic Park, Lake county, Fa., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of i and 3 year
ed citrus buds. For good stock and low
en prices, address C. W. FOX. Prop. ttf.
,if ORANGE, POMBLO AND LBMON TREE--
S on sour jr trifollata stocks, tor summer
er and fall shipment. Large assortment fine
nr trees Write for prices. GLEN ST. MARY
NVRSERIEBS, c. L. Taber. Proprietor. Glen
It at, Mary Fla. Sito
FOR SALE-100 ca B. Elght KM of
high pne land near Deand Junotion;


ORANGE TR F' FOR SUMMER AND
LAAJ. 1 "1 FALL PLANTING j
Budded on either Sweet or Sour All Standard varieties of Orange,
Orange, Rough Lemon or Citrus Orape Fruit and other citrus fruits
Trifoliata Stocks . in stock .. . ....

Trees budded on Citrus Trifollata bear young and are
especially suited where artificial protection is used.


HIGHEST o GRADE o TREES AT LOW PRICES

FREIGHT PREPAID.

Complete Stock of all Classes of Fruit and Ornamental Trees.


FLCRIDA GROWN PEACH TREES FOR LARGE ORCHARD
PLANTING A SPECIALTY.

CATALOG FIREE. FMNA NURSERIE
a ExcesW Fed ad Positr
Cor npondena Solitcd. Farms.

THE GRIFFIN BROTHERS COMPANY,
Jacksonville, Florida.



MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.
H OS Passenmager Serviee.
Florid a O To make close connec-
oi a tons with steamers leave
New York Jacksonville (Union de-
*pot) Thursdays 5:15 a. m.
Phila- O. C.&P. By.)orFernan-
dina 1:30 p. in., via Cum-
delphia & berland steamer meals
el en route, or "all rail" via
Plant System at 7:45p. m.,
Boston r.Brunswickl 1:30 p m.
passengers on arrival go-
From Brunswick direct to ngdctly aboard steam
New York. er.
PBIROPes.3AILINQG for July. I 00.


8. S. NUECEBS.................................. ...... Friday, July 6.
S. S. RIO GRANDE................................ Friday, July 13.
8. S. COLORADO ....................................Friday, July 20
S. S. RIO GRAND....................................... Friday, July 29.
For lowest rates, reservations and full information apply to
BASIL GILL,
220 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
H. H. Raymond, Agent, Fernandna, Fla.
C. H. Mallory & Co., General Agents, Pier 2 E. R., New York.


UNIVERSITY OF OEOR(IIA,
ATHIeS, OA.


acre1. Aler, Aw U -4 C,.


6 acres cl, w acre V ilUe Iu reu. v*.osn ev-
in grove, the balance of the tract is in
timber. g mll bonue and a well on te tember 19th, 1900. Rooms in dormi-
plae. Addresa TM. .L, care Agt4 l- tory free. Excellent board in Students'
Hall at eight dollars per month. Tui-
WE AVE complete olt AmLericl man- tion of non-residents fifty dollars per
uf cturers. Can buy for you at lowest
prices and ship you direct from each. annum. For further information write
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
gines, bollers. incubators, windmills, or WALTER llHILL, QChmm r,
anything wanted. Correspondence so-
licited. AMERICAN TRADES AGENCY k .n
Jacksonvflie, Fla. tt


CANCER--PILES.
CANCER CURED WITHQVT PAIN,
NO KNIFE USED.
CURE GUARANTEED.
$,000 tor a case of PUes we can't cure.
Write for free books. Address
BELLEVIEW SANITARIUM,
Belleview. - ---


ME MIN


WkaU


Bes ". w9 uz


P_


1W








4o0 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

"ouifYg AMtD KAt= ibAb '- known fact that if a hen or pullet docs
S. not begin to lay before cold weather
Ar---- iso early spring; but if she starts to lay be-
An commuietatinon or enquiries or this fore the winter begins she will continue
aspart-mt should Miad ee to to lay for a long time or until she bc- The Great Throl g Ca UhL From Florida
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, comes broody. Pullets hatched last
Poultry Dept Jacksonville, Fla. spring will not begin to molt until next
year, as only the hens will molt in sum- CONNEOTIONS.
mer; but a pullet that was hatched very
On the Ground or on the Ioor. early-about January or February-
We have received an inquiry from a may molt, though the chances are tt THE ATLANTIC COAT L va le
she will not do so until next year. THE ALANTIC COAST LNE, via Charleston
subscriber wanting to know whether it Clean, dry quarters should be provided To The Richmond and Washington.
is best to keep hares on the ground or for the hens that are molting, and lice
on floors. We must confess our per- must be kept down, as the hens that THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co -
sonal ignorance on this point, as we are molting will quickly succumb lumbia and Washington.
have only just started our rabbitry. We owing to the debilitating effects of the lumbi and Washington.
have ony just started our rabbitry. We process. As to the males, they should ia AU Bail
would like to hear from some one who have been sold off long ago, as it does
has had experience. The majority of not pay to keep one that is molting, un- The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'g
Northern breeders recommend floors, less such male possesses some charac- The Louivilllo & NamhTillle Ti Meatl g ry,
and in some ses the hares are keptin teristi that is sought, and the sooner To Thvia Savannah, Columbia, Ashe e.
the fourth or fifth stories of city blocks. the males are sent to market the higher The southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Asheville.
prices they will bring.-Pioneer Press. The Mobile & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.
arty sgga. Tanning Belgian-Hair Skina.
In producing eggs for market pai One of our readers, A. J. G., in Por- Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
should be taken to prevent them itrbO ter, Washington, writes me that he has
becoming soiled or dirty. When this tanned and dressed thousands of skins, To Th York, Philadelphia and Boston.
happens there is no cure for it. The and gives the following receipt for tan-
advice is very commonly given to wash ning light hides of all kinds: "Take one Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta
fks :ggE thalt haW bEin6 dirty!. hut A ";llg sf sgff :it i??; pls gVf an & i
washed egg has no keeping quality and wheat-bran. Mix, and let stand until it tion Company for Baltimore.
very quickly becomes a bad egg. The ferments. Then add one pound of salt, viam steamsip
water appears to dissolve the gelatinous stirring until dissolved. Then add slow- WEST Via P NINR
substance which seals the pores of the ly one fifth of a pound of sulphuric acid, To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
shell, and air is thus admitted and soon stirring all the time. Place the hides in AND
starts decomposition. Those who have this liquid, and handle them until sat- HANASTEATI lHIP CO.
an opportunity to sell eggs for quick rated with the mixture. This tan im- HAVANA
gsflbsUWaptio may waih them, for thre parts H Sl8f t8 ttIe llather. W 8ile
will be eaten before any damage is done, properly prepared the tanning-liquid NOVA SCOIA, Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
perhaps, but, for a more general trade, has a pungent, sour taste, sharper than CAPE BRWTON& BTEAMSHIP LINE for HalAf;T- Hawkesbury
washed eggs mixed with clean stock the sharpest vinegar; but it is not so
cause loss and hurt the selling quality strong as to injure the tongue or the PRINE EDWAI DS and Charlottestown.
of the lot. If packed separately they hands in handling the skins. Light ISLAND....
will not sell for as much money as if hides should remain in this from four to
they had been left in the dirt. twelve hours. Then rinse in soft wa-
It is reported that an electrical cleaner ter, and wash in a suds made of one S um m er E excursion T tickets
has been devised for the use of storage ounce of borax, two ounces of salaratus
houses and packers. We have never and one pint of old soft soap. This to all Summer Rsorta will be ilased on sale September 30thl
seen one and do not know upon what may be rubbed into the fur or wool;
principle it acts, but it is said that it then wash the suds out and hang the The pLANT SYSTEM 'IL* Lu "' n T"o.. JWb,..-cg -
will take all the dirt off the shells with- skin in the shade. When half dry apply Swvl s tiuh Oa "
out ah yinury to them and that it leaves the oil. This completes the tanning. If WEST NORTH CAROLINA and
the su taev f'th egg coated and the you desire, I will tell you how to finish WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA
pores sealed the same as a newly laid the hides." By all means let us have THE MOUNTAINS OF VIRGINIA.
egg. It will save a good many thous- the whole of it.-Farm and Fireside.
and dollars to the egg trade if a device
has really bVen found that will make a 4O&t for Ithying 'nu, For latermstign as to rte", sleeping-ear asrvies, reservations. etc.. write to
dirty egg fit to go into cold storage.- I have often in these columns advo- P. M. JOLLY, Div Islon Passenger Agent.
American Poultry Advertiser. cated the use of whole oats for laying 138 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florlda.
hens, and at all seasons of the year have STUART R. KNOTT, Vice-President, W. B. DZNHAM, Gen. upt.,,
aMotng of fowls. made practical tests in comparison with Savannah, Ga. Savannah. O.
corn and wheat.
The molting of hens is usually from This season, in order to more fully W. WRENN. Passenger Trae Man lvaa Ga.
June to November, sometimes extend- satisfy myself, I began in May to feed
ing well into the winter. The molting cracked corn, giving all the hens would .
period is not the same with all hens, eat in the evening. Their supply of
nor does a single hen begin at the same eggs began to diminish until by July I
period every year, but usually a month they scarcely laid an egg. On this day O C EA N ST E A M S H IP CO .
sooner or later. For instance, a hen they were allowed to have the freedom
beginning to molt in June may not be- of an oat field, the oats being cut and
&a&si tS Mat sow atil Ply y, a Vs r shocKea on July 7, the corn having been
hens will molt later every year until discontinued on July I. By the loth of
their molting period reaches into the the month more than half of the hens
winter. The hens that begin to molt which had no brood of chickens had
early are those that finish their molt- begun to lay, and now at this time I am
ing and are ready for laying before win- getting an average of twenty eggs a
ter commences. Having then complet- day from only twenty-five hens.
ed their growth of feathers, they are in How long this will continue is hard to
excellent condition for doing service; say. My only fear being that in a short
but should the process of molting ex- time the hens will become overfat, since
tend into the winter, the hens that have there is no limit to the amount oi oats
not finished will probably not lay until they can eat. Still, to my mind, this,
spring, consequently the matter of molt- with other tests I have made, is con-
ing is one which all who are interested elusive proof that there is no other one
in fowls must consider. The molting food equal to whole oats for laying hens. -- -
process requires three months, and as -Home and Farm.
the production of feathers, requires a aaAVAJUAM LIMS"
iarfg prepastia sOf nittrgen and siv- TO a Dma 5 r.
eral elements it becomes, necessary to A rtch lady, cared of her defne and A A
supply the fowls with something more noises in the head by Dr. Nicholon 's
than grain or grass. Carbonaceous food Artmfcial Ear Drum, gave $10,0000 o tis ** LA A &
exclusively is detrimental, as the hen is Institute, so that deaf people unable to
inconvenienced by the fat stored on the procure the Bar Drums my ave them
body rather than benefited thereby, and ree. Addre h e leho.bow In- FAST FREI T AND LUXURIOUS PASSErOER ROUTE.
yet the majority of poultrymen feed lib- ihth ve Nw Yk
rally of grain to their molting hens, M 10oA.iXM& . FROM
in the belief that such food is the best T-*. Uf'T c
that can be given. The food should swiuSa ,imto FLORIDA TO NEW YORK.
consist principally of ground meat, of sS1." FLORIDA TO NEW YORK,
cut green bone that has a fair propor- J88. BOSTON AND EAST
tion of adhering meat, but all fat foods iUeoO .I n. a--M *
should be avoided. A bran mash com- W St P r ar
posed of bran and mahed potatoes will Western Poultry Farm,
provide an agreeable change, while MABRHALL, MO. SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORIA.
ground bone, milk and a little sulphur 4 months on trial 10e. One yr. 25c. Thence via Palatial Bxpress Steamhips, sailings from Bavaanah, Four 8hips each week
in the food once a day will be beneficial. It tells how to mae poetry rasing to New York and making close connection with New York-Boston shinp or ounnd Lines.
All hens not yet having commenced to proitable. It It up to te. a All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly saliu, schedules. Write
molt will prove poor layers before Beld to day. We sell bet UluiLd ce for general information, sailing schedules, tateroom reservations, or eall on
and if such hens are fat th er for 7n ets per gallon. Aluminum leg UWIUEJUN.N, Fre r]gr., W LIrl HAWI NS, Ge-. 4A.,
Christmas, and if such hens are fat they ban, or poultry, 1 dos., 0 et; for SO3
should be disposed of. It is a well ets: 50 for o cts; 100 for 8savannah, Ga. 224 W. Bay St., Jacksonville. Fl


_ __ -- --I - --- ------ -- ----- -- ----- i -~~~-- ~7-










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


TIORL lt DwPAuHL iST.
BY W. C. STEELE,
SWITZERLAND, FLORIDA

Phrynium Vvitegatum.
Within a few years there has been in-
troduced into cultivation a plant with
very beautiful variegated foliage, which
is known in the florists' catalogues un-
der the name of Phrynium Variegatum.
It is one of the very handsomest and
most striking of the plants grown for
their leaves commonly called "foliage
plants." The leaves are most of them
veined and splotched with creamy white.
Some leaves almost entirely green with
only a line of white around the edge.
Others will be almost entirely white
with only narrow strea ie or curious
splotches of green. Usually the white
is of a yellowish tint, what would be
called creamy white, but occasionally a
leaf will be marked with pure snow
white. '
The plant is of remarkably easy
growth, requiring almost no care after
being set into the ground. Its chief re-
quirements are rich soil and plenty of
water, the last is especially necessary.
If given these it will do well and grow
vigorously under full exposure to the
hottest sun that ever shines in Florida.
When we received our first plants
last fall we were at once impressed with
the close resemblance of the tuberous
roots to those of our common "Arrow
root," Maranta arundinacea. We wrote
to a friend that we knew had books of
reference about it and he replied that it
belonged to the Maranta family.
This summer in looking over an En-
glish florist's catalogue we saw the
plant listed as Maranta arundinacea va-
riegata with the name Phrynium varie-
gatum given as a synonym. We wrote
to the best authority in this county on
this subject and received the reply that
Phrynium variegatum was only a sy-
nonym for Maranta arundinacea varie-
gata. "This means that it is simply a
variegated form of our common 'Ar-
row root.' Who made the change or
gave the second name we do not know.
Such things are often done, but are
not very creditable."
Being an "Arrow root" it is doubtless
hardy in Florida. The common plain
leaved species has grown on our place
without any winter protection for over
a dozen years.

ChrymnthemIms.
The last days of summer and Septem-
ber are critical days with Chrysanthe-
mums. August is the month to cease
dis-budding. The buds from August
weather, dust and neglect during Au-
gust and September will sacrifice a crop
of blooms, no matter how promising
up to these days. Chrysanthemums are
wonderfully provided with working
roots that will take up and assimilate
all the water that may be given the
plants. Give them water.
In Southern gardens the Chrysanthe-
mum is not a freakish flower that must
have strict adherence to artificial cul-
ture. On the contrary the young plants
that dealers sell so cheaply and send
through the mails in such fine condition
may be planted in beds and borders in
any part of the garden and given the
same culture as other herbaceous plants
will grow fast, multiply and yield
masses of beautiful flowers. -They are
perennial, year by year, blooming freely
in the one position. The individual
blooms will not be perfect as those.
that have special culture, for exhibition
purposes, but on the whole the flowers
will be up to a good average.
Disbudding and suppressing all col-
lateral shoots is not so much practiced
in Southern gardens as with Chrysan-
themum fanciers in Northern sections.
If potted plants are cultivated for the


Chrysanthemum show, then scientific
methods are resorted to, but the yards
in towns and cities, as well as around
farm homes, bear evidence of how well
the plants do under good, old-fashioned
gardening system. We plant in rich,
mellow soil, with liberal intermixture
of sand. Fertilizer from the cow-stall,
old and dried, is the best material na-
ture affords for flowers and vegetables.
It feeds plants but does not burn them.
It is fibrous or porous and does not
pack and crust. During the early fall
days a fresh mulch of dried cow chips
broken into bits may be applied to
Chrysanthemums with the best results.
When watered the mulch enriches the
roots, and retains the moisture as well
as affording protection from the sun.
Grass clinnings make fine mulch also.
Liquid fertilizer about once a week, or
even every four or five days will im-
prove the plants and be productive o
fine bloonii.
Gold Dust washing powder is the
liquid fertilizer my Chrysanthemums
are treated to, not only in August and
September, but all through the season.
The soapy water from kitchen and din-
ing room is literally hoarded like gold
dust, and poured on the plants late in
the day, as near sundown or after as
possible. In the morning there is apt
to be considerable waste water, and if
plants are not directly in the sun,
rather than throw the water out, it may
be poured over the mulch with almost
as good effect as late in the evening.
It is surprising how freely and beau-
tifully Chrysanthemums bloom under
this out-door mode of culture. Stakes
must be provided and the plants se-
cured by flat strips of cloth, or soft
twist, so as not to cut the stems as wire
or hard-twisted twine may do; certain
varieties grow upright, and other kinds
sprawl over the ground, right and left.
When bloom-time is ushered in, of the
snow-white, cream, peach blow, bright
pink, primrose, maroon, blood-red, buff.
amber and orange, HBued, Ruied,
quilled, twisted in form of petal and
round as balls of snow or golden or-
anges, look where we may for more
perfect forms of beauty, individually, or
for a grander flower frieze, than Chrys-
anthemums allowed the freedom of nat-
ural growth in Southern gardens.
All hinda do well in our gardens.
Philadelphia, sixteen times a prize win-
ner within the last five years, and cul-
tivated with utmost care in Northern
sections, is here as hardy as Ivory,
Good Gracious or any of the long es-
tablished favorites. There ought al-
ways to be more white than of other
shades, Mayflower, Minnie Wanamaker,
Western King and a long list of other
white sorts are free and hardy; and Mr.
Childs has sent forth an Ever-blooming
White of late. Accounts differ regard-
ing the Everbloomer. Some amateurs
report favorably, but the concurrence
of opinion seems to be that it is not as
fine as the strictly autumn blooming
sorts.
Next to pure white, cream, pink and
soft primrose yellows may be planted
in profusion. The conspicuous reds and
yellows, in less quantities will render
the flower scheme effective. Such vari-
stss as sj iS 4 Fhrts as gsifa)
red, and Biack Hawk in deep, dark ox*
blood are so showy that one to ten of
lighter shades will make superb effect.
The deep yellow of Setting Sun, Major
Bonnaffon and Golden Wedding are
dazzling when planted in contrast with
the light pink, cream and snow white.
However beautiful the Chyrsanthe-
mums are any one autumn, unless heav-
ily top-dressed with rich compost
through the winter, and divided, reset
and freshly enriched in spring or fall,
the very finest sorts will degenerate.
Annual culture must be given, and no
plant exhausts the soil more than the
queen of autumn. The roots must have
abundance of fertility for fine plants and
beautiful blooms.
Mrs. G. T. Drennan.

Rose Growing.
A'few weeks ago we copied from Suc-
cess with Flowers an article on, Rose
Growing in Florida, by Mr. Wilkinson,
of Federal Points. A later number of
Success with Flowers contained the fol-
lowing amusing and instructive reply:
"In the May number of Success I no-
ticed an article headed 'Rose Growing,'
and signed 'George Wilkinson.' Now,


5IN CH ESTER

WV "NEW RIVAL"

FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
Na black powder sheik- tfhe mkt mlu p wih the "M W RIVAL" In wl.
onirtty and tron Itg s uhtln r fSrn nnd waterpted. et0 the gmin.
WIIHSTER REPEIATM MA C. a NI, M



Farmers' Attention

SPECIAL
SPRING
GOODS

Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
GEORGIA STOCKS.
PRAYINGQ. OQTFITS,
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Bupplies

SPoultry Netting SW Ai" t Columbia Bicycles
CHARTER OAK STOVES,
CARRARA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS A&D PUIPa
WRITE FOR PRICES.
OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.


Mr. Wilkinson has enlisted my sym-
pathy, not only for himself, but for
many others who are similarly situated.
Understanding, as I do, what he has
experienced and what he has yet to ex-
perience, I say he touches me in a ten-
der spot; in the words of Prof. Azrael,
in speaking of Nance, in No. 5 John
Street, 'he has struck me in the eye.'
"I do not know much about Florida.
but I do know more than thirty years'
worth about Ro es: and thirty jrarx, at
only one dollar a day, is more than $1o,-
ooo (time being money).
"But to business. Unless Mr. Wilkin-
son has some neighbor who can give
him the benefit of his experience, he can
only tell which Roses will give him the
best results by experimenting. Many of
th- mopt rvli?|sb flTristg will till y9u
that such and such a Rose will succeed
in your neighborhood, and they believe
it. But there are often local difficulties
of which the florists living hundreds of
miles away are not aware. Now, there
are many Roses which may be perfectly
hardy in the southern part of the State,
and even around Baltimore, but here
where I live: in the Blue Ridge Moun-
tans, only sixty miles west of Baltimore,
these same Roses can not be wintered
out of doors. You can change the na-
ture of the soil, but you can not change
the climate, at least not so easily."
"Supoose I write to the Dingee &
Conard Co. and ask them if the Niel is
a hardy Rose in this climate. They
know that the Niel is hardy in this
State, but what do they know about tidis
county, celebrated as it is in history,
being the home of many noted persons,
the place where Barbara Fritchie lived
and Qi)1: Md lhsia _hE fdir nor mays
the flag in Stonewall Jackson's face; the
native county of Admiral Schley, who
did lick the Spanish fleet off Santiago?
What, I say, do they know of this par-
ticular locality, of its peculiarities of cli-
mate and soil? They probably do not
even know that we are situated in the
mountains, and that vegetation is from
ten days to two weeks later than in the
region around Baltimore. And yet all
these facts are of great importance.
"No, unless you have some neighbor
who, having gone on before, may act as
your pilot, you can only learn by ex-
perimenting. And to show what a dif-
ference there is in different localities,
Mr. Wilkinson astonishes me with his
account of the growth of his Agrippi-
nas. And yet he does not seem to be
satisfied with the results he has ob-
tained from his Pink La Frances; the
whole La France family do well with us.
I have more than twenty plants of the
Pink La France alone, and every plant
in a healthy condition; and with us the-
bloom all the summer and fall, until
freezing weather.
"As to Moss Roses, don't waste any
more time on them; they are played out
-a thing of the past. I have not seen


Thee b a In 3ffros
between '*rd wie" sad "Page Wire."
P1AE WOTU WIrr FmN O CABUI, MICH.









A I mra ig a1 mi nag *l ll ,
a oEXPERIeNE

quic rrr .an oar opnior fr rCS -
la .endon l l r 1Nrica Btlo, CoBIBUWe
tlnou Mrta oa~ tfi3LBudbook c Prtute
eut free. Olet w Jo" *ar .
oPatentu s b raenle
Irwrcltack wftOn-ckie iaf
3ckllfic w ircawu R

euletloof uanyate wo-u. Ta. a




a good specimen for many years. I
don't know, but I believe that the Cloth
of Gold would be one of the Roses that
would thrive and be 'a thing of beauty
and a joy forever' in Mr. Wilkinson's
neighborhood.
"In conclusion, let me state that while
I have apparently been speaking for a
certain portion of Florida, what I have
said applies, more or less, witn certain
ltlons o the whole couItry-'--I-d-
wrard Hcwca,. Mary'iind.

Cramps, Dysentery, Cholera Morbus,
diarrhoea, and, indeed, all bowel com-
plaints quickly relieved by Perry Da-
vis' Pain-Killer, a safe, sure and
speedy cure, for all the troubles named.
Every reputable druggist keeps a sup-
ply. Each bottle has full directions.
Avoid substitutes, there is but one"
Pain-Killer, Perry Davis'. 25c. and 50c.

Sir Edward Grey has two hobbies.
One is tennis, at which he is an adept.
His other is angling. He has fished
literally from the Eddystone to "Bor-
wick bounds," and from there to the
northern and western isles of Scotland.
There is scarcely a stream he does not
know. Fly fishing is his favorite sport
and he has pursued it as actively
among the streams of the West as any-
where. On this subject he is a rocog-
nized authority. He is not only the
author of the phrase "unfriendly act,"
as applied to France's preentions to
Fashoda, but he is the author of the
best and most readable book on Brit-
ish fly fishing.


491


_ ___~ ~___ ___


__









4 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

ROUBBOLD DEPABXBIT of the beautiful is often very deeply habit should not be formed; but there W HY E CURES
communications orenquiriesfor thisde- rooted in his nature and only wants cul- are other reasons which show the habit
partnfmtshoul be addressed to tivation to become a strong influence in to be pernicious to health. Doctors
I'FLOIDA AURICULTUBIBT, his life: who have investigated the subject are % O...a. .airt sr ts.a mN .. hw
Household Dept. Jacksonville. "The daughter has her own room, and generally of the opinion that the wo. Zvery Em se em Pesmaa AtUtamm.
her mother s sympathy and help in fur- man who sits with her limbs crossed of- a atdoetdo a ivee lartalnmemyer
nishing it to suit her fancy, but it is fers an invitation to disease. a" S his n sme a s
Plumade. taken for granted that John or Charlie It is not the mere fact of placing the wre not r.na j UmemOL
Since the freeze it has been almost can not appreciate pretty things; that it limbs in the position indicated for the averr -m m_- _o
impossible for most of us to procure is his nature to like boots on his floor moment, but keeping them that way., o me&
the acid fruits that our climate demands, and soiled handkerchiefs on his bureau, The continued pressure of one limb ee* y in rsedl esur.
Before that time there was nothing and nothing but age can alter him, upon the other, the steady bearing ISrW te- ar
more agreeable during the dry hot whereas the truth is that age will only down upon the nerves and cords of that ra m unis mor
spring weather than a cooling orange make him worse, unless is taught him portion of the human body, speedily f r
or lemonade, the sour orange being in the beginning, the art of neatness. brings a condition of affairs that pro- as
most frequently used for that purpose. "Muslin and ribbon, to be sure, will duces sciatica, neuralgia and sometimes soa
Bu& altar ISF lst tbh I!? sf,! we found pyt gy dhe *mpo-tant part in furnish- nervous prostration.- M no two bS!
it necessary to find substitutes. The ing John's room that it did in his sis- Doctors who practice in sections peo- wru "sames o
wild sour plum, not the bitter "hog" ter's. John has no fondness for frills; pled by working girls and women who t a ttotab. at b
plum, was found to make an excellent he thinks them a nuisance and in the sit a great deal at their work, as in ,ord--h o -l. al,-
ade. way. The bureau cover may not be factories, find the habit very prevalent, othbsomwa sm 96 te"g whS rt
The plums should be thoroughly dotted swiss, and the pin cushion will as also its attendant diseases which they Every Oam = nadm uoni
cooked and all the juice strained, bot- not be appreciated any more for the account for in no other way. In almost Sp---aily SamSing i tmn s. m =-.
tied and sealed up air tight, and kept in rosettes of baby ribbon; but a cover of every instance the patient has been a Tromi a"od ib 06ta
a cool place, like canned goods, and strong, white linen, with a wide hem, woman busy during the day at work of rWmstf u'ftr as
used by diluting with water to the and possibly some neat design embroid- such nature that it is easier to sit with esrlrsd sa n l uOFs i Bs
proper weakness, like any other ade. ered on the ends, will make the bureau lower limbs crossed. Treamat as the a o
We found that the canned plums served fresh and dainty. A big pin cushion Women who stand a good share of ffSSathsa. i
the same purpose equally as well, and cover, with a neatly hemstitched square the day at housework, when they find oftlnremlm i wonul aw NW '-or
were considerably less trouble to pre- of sheer muslin, will appeal to his youth- an opportunity to sit down, unconsci- D'bw ud "ayrbe gnnelm i as m a.
pare. The juice was drained off and ful soul and boyish fancy more than all ously assume this position, perhaps be-* l.dan Sikiond
used to make the drink, while more "the good-for-nothing lace and ribbon" cause of temporary relief from strain of *ise a bdI fiBioisorotesr
water was added to the fruit, ,which that dainty fingers could put together. tense muscles or possibly from habit p am'in e*oamm, otmE lsl
wao put in a seal lass and kvpt Ivr a "191f ?"?*, John's room does not alone At any rte, pPition that rISi
a second time. Of course it could not want a tea-table, but he does want a stops the free circulation of the blood-- poMtpao weaker drM
be kept very long, else it would fer- desk and a lounge as badly as his sis- which is apparent in a very short time- Vaess els and wamssmese
meant. ter. Not a lounge with an elegant, should be guarded against whether the t~latm. t'ie owand lm npessae
Plumade is a very refreshing drink dainty cover, ruffled pillows, etc., but results claimed by physicians are borne andomLmat we. e o or re
when the hot weather comes on and a leather conch or a rattan divan, with out by the fact or not. O onDrs are s~t.se ig
lemons are not procurable. When ice cushions which have plenty of feathers, We know several who are victims of Latu r o or htail
can not be had, it is a good plan to but no rufflles. sciatica, who are also addicted to this a.na, sa'triS. S'an t
put your ade in an earthenware or glass "This couch would, I fancy, have way of sitting. Sometimes women who Kin- y aia9 i~- weF
jar, wrap a wet cloth around it, and set many a tale to tell in after years were sew a great deal by hand raise the knee la*me. resmto ee Keidnt t ou
it in a shady place, in a strong draft of it permitted to relate the number of by throwing it over the other limb, and e eronewho .rla i.ms
air, and you will be astonished to find air castles built, surrounded by its then pin the work to the dress, thus se- ame e-h meB~jA;s forr ew
how cool it will become. cosy pillows, of what is to be done curing the work in convenient angle piK t a ti mmt
We hope some of the ladies will try "when I am a man," for a boy has from the hands and eyes. Very soon a abookwM lbe m aTo s whTSmasm
this and esv if they do not think it a just as many dreams as a girl: they dif- the habit grows upon one, and when Omm,--- "glllasl
very agreeable substitute for orange fer from each other in quality rather neuralgia, which is a disease of the plg s eMUMSanM &sae s
ade. than quantity. nerves, comes upon them, they wonder hb. o r Os wbyi a
"The desk, too, should .be there-and whence comes the affection when they 41 Hway*T 11.
-lshon Notes. there is no reason why it should not, have not exposed themselves to cold or sB~rnotet, prammaw
Tucks are still much worn, the tucked for the very thing he wants can be damp.-Ex. m nXWoIems oPAT I mwairwN rrw a.
skirt being especially popular, bought for five or ten dollars-for then
The latest novelty in sleeves is the there will be a place for him to wrestle Cream Biscuit.-Take sour cream I%
"85o" sleeve. It is made close fitting to with the "composition fiend," and a pints with sufficient flour to make a Splenalt store or Citrus trees on
the elbow where it terminates in a flar- place to keen his school notes and invi- rather stiff dough, to this add one heap- rough lemon roots, and also on sour or-
ing ruffle, and the remaining portion of stations ing teaspoonful of baking soda and a I ange and trifollata.
tablespoonful of salt. Knead quickly, Enormous collection
lev ending at the wrist with a band The ruit reaktaat. roll out, cut and put into buttered pans, and stock of other
sleevee endingg at the wrimt with a band li os, Emoinip
and flounce that falls over the hand, or "The business of breakfast," says a hy- brushing the top of each with melted I a n t s, Bamboos
simply with a band. gienic periodical, "is a most important butter. Bake as quickly as possible Palm Ferns Coni-
The trained skirt is still worn, but its one, for it stores the human battery and serve hot.-Catharine Blanc. aers and Miscellane-
Spopularity is on the wane, and the with power for the day's work. A bottle of sweet oil is the house- ous ornamentals. 17
shorter one just reaching to the instep "What are the essentials of a proper wife's friend. Few know the many uses year. Most extensive
is more liked for walking and outdoor breakfast? First, the most important to which it may be put. It will clean collection of plant and trees in the
wear generally. item is a preliminary meal of fruit-or- bronzes; after carefully rubbing them Lower South. Send for large elegant
Corset covers are made with seams anges, grapes, apples, cantaloupe, ber- with oil they should be polished with catalogue.
only on the shoulders. They are gath- rie-seasonable fruit in which juicee pre- chamois skin. In laying knives away. BEABONER BROS.
ered at the top and the fullness confined dominates over fiber. Fruit juices, apply a little sweet oil very lightly, and Oneco, Fla.
by means of a narrow band or facing, taken early into the stomach, are con- wrap them in tissue paper; this will pre-
while that at the bottom is regulated averted into alkalies, keep the blood vent their rusting. For inflammatory
by a draw-string. The draw-string is normally alkaline, preventing saturation rheumatism dissolve in a pint of sweet -_
concealed under a piece of beading, of the system with uric acid and avert- oil one ounce of pulverized saltpetre,
which makes a pretty finish. ing the troubles which follow such a and thoroughly rub the parts affected. Il Al T PAN WIT
A late shirt waist is made entirely of condition. Sweet oil will clean metals; rub the P ain K il
tucked material, the back fitting snugly "Fruit juices act as correctives to the metal with flannel cloth and wash off in ain-K iller.
to the figure. The front has no gathers digestive organs, whetting the appetite, warm soapsuds. A bottle containing A dlm t la I ..
except at the waist line. The right front increasing the secretion of the gastric two parts of oil to one of lime water,
is finished with a stitched band and laps juice, and stimulating peristalis. Where will be excellent for sunburn.-Ex. SIMPLE SAFE AD QUICK CURE FOR
diagonally and fastens under four but- fruit is eaten every morning, digestion OraCmps, Diarrhoea, Golds,
tons. The sleeves are close fitting with is satisfactory, the bowels are natural WAD O $100. ough, Nurala,
the popular flaring cuff. A straight col- and regular, the head is clear, and an The reader of this paper will be pleas- Rheumatism.
lar of the material is worn with it, or agreeable feeling of general well-being ed to learn that there is at least one re 0 m.
the regulation shirt collar may be worn is experienced.disease that science has not
if desired. "Too much emphasis can not be laid dreaded disease tat fence has not BEWARE O IMITATIONS.
The Eton jacket is still the most pop- upon this matter of preliminary fruit been able to cure in all its stages and BUY ONLY THE GENU'NE,
ular jacket for summer wear, the short breakfast. If the fruit does not appear that Is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure PERRY DAVIS'
scalloped one being given the prefer- to agree with you at first, if there are is the only positive cure now known -- .e
encc. sour balchings and abdominal disten- to the medical fraternity. Catarrh
Empire gowns are again in vogue. tions, try a small beginning. Take only being a constitutional disease, requires
Some of them, cut semi-close fitting and an orange, the juice alone. Persist, and
trained, closely resemble an elaborate the stomach will adapt itself. Gradually a constltutional treatment. Hall's Ca-
tea gown. add more fruit. After the fruit break- tarrrh Cure is taken Internally, acting
fast the ordinary breakfast is in order." directly upon the blood and mucous I E R R Y PS
What Boys Want. surfaces of the system, thereby de--
The following extract from Our A Pernicious Habit. stroylng the foundation of the disease, SEE
Grange Homes should strike a respon- The most of us were brought up on and giving the patient strength by
sive chord in every mother's breast. Too the advice to sit with our feet squarely
often the boy's room is the most unat- upon the floor in close neighborhood to building up the constitution and assist- Tmudrama em-
tractive room in the house and is fur- each other, yet when we became older ing nature In doing its work. The pro- r emaSran sede
nished with the most uncomfortable how many departed from it. In a pub- prietors have so much faith in its cur- dimpplaitmet. Cheap smbti-
furnishings. It is the boy's room, lie gathering not long since I counted ative powers, that they offer One I py ltopay nloti namors fo
therefore anything will do. twenty ladies sitting with their limbs Hundred Dollars for any case that FUangy' Sr n veCets
It is a mistake to suppose that simply crossed; quite as many comparatively as everywhere, and always worth I
because he is a boy, he has no love for among the gentlemen. In public sta- It fails to cure. Send for list of testi- AlUwasthese. aeesseeannalna .
beauty or neatness and order. True, he tions and trains this position is quite monials. . tMU 8A & a, rUN
does not like to be bothered with fussy generally assumed, not among the un- Address, F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo,
little things in his room, but things can cultured alone, but all classes and con- Ohio.
be attractive and at the same time prac- editions of women.. S b a d 7.
tical, for a boy is at all times very prac- We know the position is not a lady- Sold by all d gsts, Subscribe to the Florida Agricultur
tical, and likes practical things. A love like one, and for that reason alone the Hall's Family Pills are the bet.


~___ ____ I_








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 48


DOROTHY'S EUCHRE
PRIZE.
- 'I cannot imagine why Tom wishes
me to invite that little Dorothy Irving
to my euchre party Friday night. To
my knowledge he never met the girl
but once. That was at that garden
fete we had in the village last summer.
You remember, Agnes. You were
there."
"Yes, I distinctly remember the af-
fair. But the girl-I haven't the faint-
est recollection of any such person.
Your letter was from Tom then? So
he's coming? That's awfully good
news."
"Yes. But he cannot get down until
the late train. Exams or something
going on at College. But he's coming.
Dear old fellow! I know you're pleased,
too, Agnes. Ah, yes-I know all about
you two. Do you think I've no eyes in
my head, my dear? You're a horrible
flirt, but I think you like Tom a good
bit under the surface-eh? Oh, pshaw!
I tell? Never! I don't blame you. He's
an awfully fine boy if he is my brother.
Yes, I certainly shall have to ask Miss
Irving. Tom requests it particularly,
Funny thing for him to do, though.
Oh, yes, she's rather a nice sort. Aw-
fully unsophisticated, and not in our-
er-set, exactly. One of the village
girls, you know."
Dorothy Irving troubled Agnes Mills
very little. She returned to the read-
ing of a rather risque French novel
with renewed zest, happy in the fact
of her own assured position in the
Hammond household, and the posses-
sion of a perfect wardrobe and an un-
limited bank account. She was an heir-
ess, beautiful, selfish, an incorrigble
flirt, but really, for the first time in
her life, seriously in love, and with
Tom Hammond-or as much so as her
fickle nature permitted.
The eventful night of Grace Ham-
mond's euchre party arrived. Dorothy
stood before the spare chamber mirror,
putting the finishing touches to the,
for her, rather elaborate toilet. She
held aloft the small lamp for a final
survey of the blue taffeta waist, and
could not help smiling, a little satisfied
smile that brought into play a number
of unsuspected dimples, at the reflec-
tion in the mottled glass. She gave the
soft curls on either side of her pretty
forehead a last little caressing pat. And
paused in the act, for she heard a step
ascending the front stair case.
"Dorothy, child, you there? called
Aunt Eliza, entering the room, pausing
breathless and agitated to regain her
spent breath. And she had a disagree-
able duty to perform, and wished to
recover all lier powers for the ordeal
before her.
Dorothy knew her aunt to be the
bearer of disagreeable news the mo-
ment she entered the room. Aunt El-
Iza put the candle she carried on the
bureau and deposited her own ample
figure recklessly on the best feather
bed.
"What is it, aunty? Has Uncle Ell
had a poor spell?"
"No, Dorothy, no. But dear child,
I've had a time of it, I tell you! An'
I'm 'bout beat out. When Ell gets a
notion set on in his mind they ain't no
reasonin' him out of it. Oh, dear suzt
You see how 'tis. He just been over to
Deacon Brown's, an' they've filled his
head up talking' over this euchre party,
all talking' again it. Deacon Brown says
'taint nothing' more or les than gamD-
lin' in a genteel way; playing fer
primes an' I dunno what all. You know
Deacon Brown is so set again cards he
won't even have one in his house. An'
then, too, he thinks it's such a bad time
jggt Wh~ the vival meeting's are be-
ginln'.. He says card playing' Is gettn'
altogether too common among the
young folks. An' oh, I dunno what
more was said. But uncle says
you can't go a step to it-the party."
"Oh, dear, oh, dear!" walled Doro-
thy, plumping down beside her aunt
among the feathers, regardless of her
finery. "That mischief making old
Deacon Brown! Stingy, mean old thing!
I hate him for it! Gambling! Mr. Ham-
mond would never permit such a thing
in his house, aunt. Everybody in the
city, in decent society, plays euchre.
Oh, dear!" and Dorothy's indignant


tears fell unheeded upon the blue
waist.
"Come, now, Dorothy, cheer up, dear-
ie. You know I haint the one to deny
you anything in reason."
"Oh, but Dick Sprague was going to
drive me over, aunt."
"That's another reason. Uncle says
he won't have him chasing after you.
Says them Spargues are shiftless crit-
ters, the hull family. He said Dorothy,"
continued Aunt Ellza, with a visible ef-
fort "thet you had better make up your
mind to give up the party tonight an'
go to prayer meeting' instead. And he
would tell Dick Sprague you changed
your mind."
Dorothy had become more quiet in
her grief. It was not the first encount-
er she had had with Uncle Eli's ada-
mant will. She knew it was hopeless
to urge the matter. She did not care
a straw for Sprague, a neighbor's son,
whom she had known from childhood.
But the euchre party. She had secret-
ly practiced the game for a week in an-
ticipation of this night. And Tom Ham-
mond was coming home from college,
and was to be one of the party. Doro-
thy sat motionless now, gazing at the
smoking lamp with eyes that saw not-
Instead, a pair of very dark, penetrat-
ing eyes, a well set head surmounting
a pair of unusually athletic shoulders-
Tom Hammond. Only once they had
met, at the summer fete. He had
brought her an ice, and thought to him-
self, "What a remarkably pretty girl!
What fetching dimples!" He rather ap-
proved of the few faint freckles just
visible on her little nose. And her
manner was not crude, most certainly.
Altogether a bright sort. But of course
she was not up in athletics; never had
been to a boat race. Ah! a pity! And
his time and thoughts were now trans-
ferred to Agnes Mills, who did under-
stand athletics, and was thoroughly
posted on most subjects dear to the
average heart.
"I tell you what, Dorothy, I've fixed
it up so's you can go home with Aunt
Sophie an' the girls. They'll be to
meeting, continued Aunt Eliza, "an'
you can ride right home with them. I
don't care if you stay there the rest of
the week."
"Oh, aunt, won't you need me?"
"Go right along, Dorothy. Come now,
you'll have to hurry. The bell's tollin'.
You won't have no time to take off that
waist. It's a pity," she added regret-
fully.
Dorothy left a kiss on the wrinkled
toilsome cheek of her aunt, and fairly
flew down the short old fashioned stair-
case, out into the early twilight toward
the church.
Dorothy always played the organ at
prayer meetings. Long before she
reached the severe white edifice the
clanging bell had ceased its ringing,
and she knew that she would be too
late to open the services. She tip-toed
into the outside entry, and paused to
listen to Deacon Brown's unctious
voice raised in prayer. Afterwards El-
vira Gump, a spinster of uncertain
years, started the usual hymn. She
never lost an opportunity of leading
when the organist was absent, and al-
ways pitched the air so high that io
one attempted to ascend with her. So
the high parts she usually sang alone,
the bass see-sawing helplessly in the
breach. Dorothy turned the knob
noiselessly, hoping to seat herself unob-
served with her aunt and couaina. It
needed but a glance to find her aunt's
pew vacant. Her heart sank deject-
edly. A wave of hot air reached her
through the opening of the door. Some
one had fancied the church too cold,
and had started a red hot fire in the
stove. How tney aii suffered and swel-
tered! Dorothy noted it with a wicked
feeling of satisfaction. Deacon Brown
suffered greatly, dubbing his warm
face continuously with a large red
handkerchief. A desire to laugh out-
right seized Dorothy. At that mo-
ment she lost her hold of the slippery
knob, and the door swung to with a
wail that was almost human. She
awaited not the result, but hastily
withdrew to stifle her mirth, for every
body had started apprehensively from
their seats. Outside, in the stillness
of the night, she paused for a moment


to reflect; then, having made up her
mind, she started forth upon the lonely
two miles road for her aunt's home.
To give up everything was too much,
she reasoned. And then, too, there was
a possibility of her meeting Mr. Ham-
mond. He frequently called upon her
cousins when in town.
Strange her thoughts should revert
invariably to Tom Hammond
"How silly I am! I suppose he thinks
of me as a simple country girl-if he
ever does even think of me at all. I
wonder if he dbes! I remember I could.
n't think of a single interesting subject
to talk about that time we met. I think
he did most of the talking. But oh dear!
How deep the mud is! It will be far
worse when I get to the cross way. Its
the frost coming out of the ground. It's
awfully dark going past that stretch of
pine ledge. I-oh! What was that?"
Some little night prowling animal
dashed through the underbrush by the
roadside. Visions of pole-cats, the pest
of the country highways in early
springtime, crossed her fancy, and she
paused at every little moving shadow
suspiciously before advancing upon it.
The moon was going down, and the
stars twinkled faintly overhead. She
was nearing the crossways or meadows
whibh in wet seasons were submerged
by water, and frequently covered the
road itself in springtime. The mud
was very deep. Dorothy was becom-
ing weary. Her feet were heavy with
the clay-like substance. Both rubbers
had been sucked from her feet long
ago.
She stood still for a moment to re-
gain her spent breath. Across the
meadows came to her the pungent odor
of a burning coal pit far up on the side
of Totoket Mountain, and the frogs,
with their deep, baying voices, re-
minded her somehow of Deacon
Brown's bass.
Heavens! What was that shadow
just under the clump of alders fringing
the highway? A man, perhaps a tramp!
She made an effort to withdraw her
feet from the oozing mud, but found
to her dismay she could not move
them. And, horrible discovery, she
seemed to be sinking deeper and deep-
er. She called in terror for assistance,
for she feared she was sinking into
one of the horrible quagmires of which
she had heard, where you keep on sink-
ing until-
She shouted loudly now, In despera-
tion, for the greater her efforts to ex-
tricate herself, the deeper she seemed
to sink. At last, far off-miles, it seem-
ed-she heard the thud of approaching
hoofs. If only she could hold out un-
til they reached her! Perhaps they
might take the other road! Once more
her fresh girlish treble sounded upon
the night air, and soon there swung
into view a trim cart and surefooted
cob floundering bravely through the
mud. It was Tom Hammond and his
man driving from the station.
"What's the trouble, Riley? Female
in distress, by Jove! Stuck in the mud,
by gad!"
The lanterns of the cart lit up the
scene as they drew near. By this light
he had recognized our heroine.
Out he was and Into the oozing quag-
mire in a moment, regardless of his
own inmaculate attire, with the offB-
cious Riley close in attendance.
"There, Miss Irving, it really is you?
I beg of you not to cry-just put your
arms around my neck-so. Here, Ri-
lcy. drive uP on the bank on solid
ground. We don't want to lose the
tiap."
Meantime he had gathered Dorothy
up in his strong arms, carried her safe
ly over the perilous quagmire, and de-
posited her on the high seat of the cart.
Wliry iile its8 tra sear, and Tom
Hammond took the reins in one hand,
deeming it necessary under the trying
circumstances to support our heroine
with the other arm. She soon recover-
ed her good spirits, and after due ex-
planation laughed merrily over tier
somewhat unusual adventures.
They approached her aunt's house,
but all was in darkness. Evidently
the family had retired. Dorothy was
secretly satisfied when Tomn insisted
upon driving on. Imagine everybody's
surprise when Dorothy and Tom finally
appeared at his home! The euchre


Coaled

Look at your tongue.
Is it coated ?
Then you have a bad
taste in your mouth every
morning. Your appetite
is poor, and food dis-
tresses you. You have
frequent headaches and
are often dizzy. Your
stomach is weak and
your bowels are always
constipated.
There's an old and re-
liable cure:













P 6

Don't take a cathartic
dose and then stop. Bet-
ter take a laxative dose
each night, just enough to
cause one good free move-
ment the day following.
You feel better the
very next day. Your
appetite returns, your
dyspepsia is cured, your
headaches pass away,
your tongue clears up,
your liver acts well, and
your bowels no longer
give you trouble.
Prtuo, cats. AN d aessts.
SI have taken Ayer's PmAl for 3'
years, and I consider them the betc
made. One pill does me more ood
than hll a box of any other kind I
have ever tried."
Mars. N. TALBOT, *
March 0, la. Arrington, KAEu



party was already well under way.
Dorothy's cousins were present,'so any
little secret misgivings she might have
had vanished like air.
What contentment followed later,
when Dorothy, her little feet encased
in the Frenchiest slippers, sipped
her hot coffee, herself ensconced o- a
restful couch among numberless pil-
lows, with Tom for entertainer, and
no one to disturb their tete-a-tete until
after the euchre party had broke up.
And Tom himself, with a comforting
brierwood, sitting not so very far
away, thought her the sweetest little
thing imaginable. And later- that
night, when he slumbered, visions of
a pair of laughing blue eyes and the
most fetching dimples would mingi in
his dreams. And that pair of rather
willing arms which had stolen about
his neck when he lifted her from the
perilous quagmire-their touch was
most disturbing.
But the following June it happened,
and oterybody said what a sweia Dtidu
Dorothy Irving made. And all the
college boys were there. All his friends
excepting Agnes Mills. Impossible to
come-so sorry-read her note of re-
gret. "We sail for Europe next week."
Congratulations and a costly gift fol-
lowed.
Uncle Ell became reconciled to the
inevitable.
"For," said Aunt Eliza, "when I told
Eli Dorothy never touched a card to
that euchre party, he said he guessed
she won the prize, any how. And I
know she dld."-Waverly Magazine.






49 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.





HOW TO GET A TON OF FERTILIZE

J FOR $2.00 L J


1o,ooo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST within the next six months.
Every Thirtieth person remitting $2.oo for a year's subscription will be given an order for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired .. ...

HOW TO DO IT.

Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. O. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for one
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
.............................. 1oo multiple of 30, as 60, 90, 300, etc., you can order a
*lessrs. E. O. PAINTER & CO., ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist. Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
SDeia, Fia. ist at the regular price of $2 per year and have one
Gentlemen-Please find enclosed $2.00 for one year's sub- nce in 0 f getting a ton o hih ade fertilizer
scription to the Florida Agriculturist to begin at once. It gca a ton grade fertilizer
is understood that should the number of my receipt be 30 beside. This may be YOUR opportunity.
or any multiple of that number, I can order a ton of any
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. ears at Jacksonville, Fla., without further expense E PT R &
to me.
Shipping Point........................................E.. 0. PAIR &
Freight Depot.............................................
P. O. Address................... ....... ...... ......... .. Publishers,
Note-If the station to which the fertilizer Is to be shipped isa D LAND FLORIDA
"prepav." amount of fright must be forwarded with instructions. LAND F IA.






A High-Grade Fertilizer

MUST HAVF


QUALITY!


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Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices


IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................$3o.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................ $30.o per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE.......... $3o.oo00 per ton


IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)........... $7.oo per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.....$28.oo per ton
SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
CORN FERTILIZER......................$2.0o per ton


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Pig's Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $ 18.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano, The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, $44.00 per toM.