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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00030
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: July 25, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00030
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text































Vol. XXVII, No. 30. Whole No. 1382. DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, July 25, 1900. $2 per Annum, in Advanc


VLW9BA RATUisUB.

When the average Flor-
The Happy idian has a season of
XMdium. good crops and good
prices and the weather
clerk has been unusually kind, and
when ha has nothing else to growl and
grumble over he turns his undivided at-
tention to railroad and other transpor-
tation companies. These furnish him
an unfailinE medium for the unloading
6f hli pent up "kicks." We do not say
that he has no cause for complaint, nor
do we say his complaints are always
just and timely. The railroads of Flor-
ida, as of every other country, are great
factors in the development of latent re-
sources. Without railroads Florida
would be as it was a half century ago,
practically an unproductive wilderness.
Our people are inclined to look upon
all railroad companies as soulless cor-
porations. They are corporations, it is
true, and in many cases their arbitrary
actions seem soulless; but at the same
time the transportation business must
be conducted on the same general lines
gfStalS- S&y 6tficr line of business
or industry. The operators look first to
their own interest and to the interest
of those who have intrusted their af-
fairs to-them, but there is always a
happy medium between two extremes.
If the railroad corporations will look
upon the matter in the proper light,
and the tendency of late years has been
in this direction, they will readily see
that it is to their interest to foster and
develop certain resources of the coun-
try, for the reason that in doing so they
incrcuc their own buinUesQ iand tCLii
profits. If the farmer is struggling with
what may practically be an experi-
mental crop, ft is certainly to the in-
terest of the transportation companies
to give him all encouragement possible
for the simple but sufficient reason that
if the farmer is successful in producing
a crop at a profitable price the railroad
companies will also receive their share
of profits by transporting crops to mar-
ket. On the other hand if the producer
receives no encouragement at the hands
of the transportation company, or still
worse, if he is discouraged by reason of
excessive rates on produce, and on the
material necessary for him to buy
abroad for the production of (tl erap,
he may find that his efforts, even if suc-
cessful in the matter of production, will
be unprofitable by reason of the trans-
portation rates and give up the fight
early, and the railroads would necessa-
rily fail to receive their share of the
profit in the transportation of the ina-
terial.

From time to time the
About Florida farmer makes a
Tho PetaUm. half-hearted attempt at
growing peanuts. Pea-
nuts may not be as well suited to the
soil and climate of Florida as to those
of Virginia and Tennessee, at the same
time we have seen grown on the high
pine land of Florida crops of peanuts
that certainly must have proven profit-
able to the grower. It is not likely
that as a market crop the Florida pea-
nut could successfully compete with
those grown in the "the regular peanut


States," but the peanut has a value of its
own entirely aside from the market
price. As a purely home crop it is cer-
tainly worth consideration. It is even
likely that if the crop is made and har-
vested in a thoroughly scientific man-
ner that the grower might be able to
gell the nuts at a profit eve g agBint the
competition of other States.
The peanut when prepared for market
is sorted in the factory into four grades,
the first, qF9iad and third bcing sold to
venders of roasted peanuts, either di-
rectly or through jobbers. These
grades constitute a very large percent-
age of the crop. To get a fair idea of
the consumption of peanuts it is only
necessary to observe for a short time
the active trade of the loud-
mouthed peanut boy at a circus. The
American people are peanut eaters and
no mistake, and statistics show that the
consumption is annually increasing. The
fourth grade of nuts assorted at the
factory is sold to confectioners for the
making of "burnt almonds." peanut
candy and a cheap grade of so-called
"chocolate-" Laset yer ysyr fagr i l
lion buS elsB of peanuts were sold in the
United States, costing the consumer
over ten millions of dollars. These
four million bushels sold in market did
not constitute by any means the entire
crop, as thousands and thousands of
bushels are consumed by the hogs and
other stock of the grower.
Another favorable feature of the pea-
nut plant is the hay. The tops, or vines,
of the plant are carefully saved, cured
and fed to all kinds of live stock, fur-
nishing the beet < ufl i;tgv hay Droduccd
in the section in which the peanut is
cultivated. The only object raised
against this hay is that the roots, which
are also cured as a part of the forage.
contain more or less dirt, which clings
to them after the nuts are harvested.
The peanut hay, according to analysis,
contains 13.48 protein, 1.56 fats, 36.28
carbohydrates, 29.16 carbohydrates and
33.41 fibre. While Timothy hay shows
17.17 protein, 1.97 fats, 52.49 carbohy-
drates and 33.41 fibre. The peanut is
also largely used in old countries for
the production of oils, in which the nuts
are very rich. The oil from thl:e nuts
is regarded as equal to olive oil and
may be employed f9r vyrythinr to
which that is applied.
We believe that the Florida farmer
would make no mistake in the planting
of a considerable area of his otherwise
idle'lands in peanuts. If at maturity
he is too busy to attend to the matter
of harvesting his shoats will do the
work for him at a fair profit.


In the past few week*
Preserving we have had considera-
Sweet Potatoes ble to say in reference
to the sweet potato,
marveling that the crop was so much
neglected and regretting that we were
unable to find for the tubers a profita-
ble market. We ascribed the reason for
the last trouble in the excessive freight
rates. Although we can grow sweet po-
tatoes about as cheaply as anything, af-
ter they are harvested they remain a
dead weight on the grower's hands, so


far as money is concerned. Certainly
the potatoes can be fed to the hogs and
stock at some profit to the grower, but
what we should have for the potato is
a cash return.
Experiments proving more or less
successful have been conducted in the
South in the matter of canning and pre-
serving potatoes. It might be possible
that if the potato was canned it might
be marketed in the North at a fair
profit in the same way ihat the abuntd-
ant pumpkin is put up and sold to con-
sumers. Several years ago a factory in
Mississippi was established for the pur-
pose of canning potatoes. The first
season it operated I,oob bushels were
put up in three pound cans. These sold
readily in the Chicago market at 95
cents per dozen. A bushel of sweet po-
tatoes filled fifteen cans. The farmers
were paid 40 cents per.bushel for the
roots delivered at the factory. The fol-
lowing year the firm expected to put un
8,ooo bushels, but we have not heard the
ultimate success of the undertaking.
During the late years of the war be-
twern the tsttes a rtlideff rf EGSfgg
invented a process of compressing the
sweet potato after cooking, in which
shape it could be kept an indefinite
time. A considerable quantity of this
material was used by the Confederate
army, forming in some cases a large
portion of its food supply. The process
of preserving potatoes in some sections
of the South, where the climatic
changes were so sudden and extreme as
to prevent the keeping of the roots in
their natural state feasible, was to slice
the raw potato anl than thmrpouhlyb dry
it either in'the sun or in improvised
evaporators. When these potatoes were
to be used for the table they were first
soaked in the same manner as djred
fruit and then baked, or cooked acctd.
ing to taste. Dried sweet potatoes
from Japan were exhibited among the
products from Japan at the World's
Fair. Their method of preparing them
is described as follows: Cleanly washed
potatoes are placed in a suitable basket
and immersed in boiling water for a
short time; when taken out of the bas-
ket they are put into- thin slices and
spread over mats and exposed to the
sun for three or four days. When a su-
perior quality of driv4 predustion in de-
sired the skin is removed from the po*
tato before slicing.
Like the peanut, the tops, or vines, of
the potato are also valuable for hay. An
analysis of potato vine hay shows that
it is practically identical in chemical
composition with the old reliable cow-
pea hay, the feeding value of which we
are all fully cognizant.
The cost of producing potatoes va-
ries largely in different sections. In
New Jersey, Delaware and the tidc-was
ter counties of Virginia the cost is given
at about $21 per acre, less fertilizer and
rent. In the States of Alabama, Geor-
gia and Mississippi the expense is esti-
mated at $16.83. In Florida we believe
the expense would be considerably less.
Arkansas claims to be able to raise po-
tatoes at a cost ranging from seven to
fifteen cents per bushel, this includes
harvesting. The cost of production in
Illinois and Georgia is given at 2o cents
per bushel.


Good roads are doubt-
Tell How less good things, and if
to take Themthey are needed any-
where they are needed
in Florida, where the natural "road bed"
is deep, soft sand, making the "draught"
extremely heavy.
Admitting that good roads are need-
ed, it is not necessary to discuss the
subject at any great length, but the
question of how to make good roads is
one for profitable discussion. If our
learned advocates of good roads who
make long-winded speeches before con-
ventions, telling what good roads will
do for the country, will change their
tune and tell us how to make these
roads they may accomplish something.
Every one knows we need good roads;
few know how to make them in Florida,
where the surfacing material is scarce
and expensive.

We hope our recently
Protect organized audobon soci-
the Birds. ety will succeed i* im-
pressing on the Florida
Leg ffi," t~r nsasssaitx 8f EHnEtinr a
law giving more adequate protectioirto
our "common birds." The law relating
to game birds is an admirable one, and
where properly enforced the result is
plainly in evidence by the increase in the
number and size of the coveys.
There is but scant protection, how-
ever, given what may be. known as our
common birds-the little feathered
friends who help the fruit and vegeta- -
ble grower to keep his vegetables and
his fruit trees free of insect pests. Give
the birds a chance to multiply and th,
will demonstrate their usefulness.
Doulbe winged insects accord-
Purpose. ing to eminent horticul-
Honey bees and other
tourists are essential to a
thorough fertilization of fruit blossoms.
In other words, the pollen is taken
from.one flower to another, and the re-
sult is perfect fruit.
Bee culture in Florida has proven
very profitable to those who have gone
about the business in the right way, and
now since the bee is also considered a
factor in horticulture, it might be well
to more thoroughly look into the mat-
ter of how bee keeping can be made to
pay. The orchardist Should keep bees
for the benefit of his fruit, and if at the
same time he can derive a profit from
the honey so much the better:
Bulletin No. 181 of the Cornell Ex-
periment Station deals with the subject
of pollination, and in it Prof. Robert
says: "The study of pollination in or-
chards is made necessary by the rise
of commercial fruit-growing. When
fruit is grown only for home use, or in
small areas for a local market, there is
not likely to be serious loss from im-
perfect pollination; but in large com-
mercial orchards any general unfruitful-
ness from this source is quickly noticed.
The commercial orchard seems destined
to be the most important single factor
in American horticulture, and with its
growth comes a corresponding increase
in the liability of loss from imperfect
pollination.
"The pollen of one variety is carried
to the pistils of another in two ways-
by the wind and b" insects. There are










46 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
-i


many kinds of insects which aid in the
cross-pollination of orchard fruits, prin-
cipally bees, wasps and flies. Of these
the wild bees of several species are prob-
ably the most important. In a wild
thicket of plums or other fruits they are
usually numerous enough to insure a
good setting of fruit. But few, if any,
wild bees can live in a large orchard, es-
pecially if it is well tilled. As the ex-
tent and thoroughness of cultivation in-
crease the number of these natural in-
sect aids to cross-pollination decreases;
hence, it may become necessary to keep
domestic honey bees for the purpose."
The Turnip Crop.
This crop deserves much more atten-
tion than it has heretofore received. Its
many and varied uses and adaptations
give it value. As a table luxury and
necessity it has large possibilities. We
use the word luxury advisedly. Nice,
fresh turnips and good turnip salad are
a real luxury to very many city and
town people who have no gardens.
And we rather think very many coun-
try boys will vote a crisp young raw
turnip a real luxury. This is certainly
true if you will give him a good table
knife and let him scrape out the tender
flesh and make a cup of the rind. We
used many of these in our boyhood
days as moulds in which we cooked va-
rious custards, pies and puddings and
cakes. How we prized and enjoyed
them Wonder if the boys do these
things now?
But certainly the salad, spring and
fall, helps to make a good, healthful
meal. There is real medical value in
good turnip salad.
For table purposes we should sow,
many different varieties and at many
different times. Ruta-bagas should be
sown from middle of July to Septem-
ber, both for home consumption and
for market use. Make different sow-
ings and you will get better returns.
The large globes and flat dutch can be
sown any time up to October. These
are fine for table and for market.
The early strap leaved, white and pur-
ple top should be sown from the mid-
dle of August to October. The seven
top for winter salad surpass all others.
They are not liable to be killed by
freezing. They can be sown almost any
time.
For Stock Food-Turnips have not
received the attention they deserve in
the South. Very many consider them
worthless. We think these persons are
mistaken. We have used them for
hogs, cows and horses with very grati-
fying results. For stock the yellow-
fleshed varieties are much to be pre-
ferred. They make hogs healthy and
prevent cholera. We found that for
twenty years we had no cholera when
we fed turnips freely to our hogs.
Cows eat them freely either cooked
or raw. They increase the appetite, im-
prove the digestion, make the hair
smooth and glossy and improve the
color of the butter and increase the
flow of milk. We prefer yellow ruta-
bagas for cows. Cut them up and feed
raw with a little salt.
Horses and mules are very fopd of
them, and they have much the same ef-
fect as upon cows. They will quit eat-
ing corn and oats to eat the turnips.
For Market Purposes-Southern
farmers are slow to appreciate the
value of this crop as a money crop. All
through winter and spring we see
Northern-grown turnips on sale in our
Southern cities. Now, if Indiana
farmers can afford to grow and ship
turnips down here we surely can af-
ford to grow them here. We can make
as many bushels per acre and at less
cost and just as good turnips.
Learn to grow good two-pound tur-
nips and keep them ready for the city
markets, and you will find money in
doing so.
How to Grow Turnips.-The turnip
requires a finely pulverized soil. This
is a necessary point in successful tur-
nip culture. Begin early, plow deep
and often when the soil is dry.
Harrow and role and harrow again
until your soil is fine. A drag harrow
is good to finish off with.
The turnip rejoices in a rich soil.
Stable manure, especially when the
liquid manure has been kept, is the
very best. Put it on freely, broadcast.
and work it in while preparing the
land.
Bed up very flat; beds three feet


wide. Harrow and sow seed and
cover and role to press the earth close
around the seed. This is very import-
ant. It will give a good stand and help
in first working.
As soon as the third or cabbage leaf
is as large as a dime, thin out to a
stand. They should be four to six
inches apart, one to two in a hill. Work
promptly, and you will have turnips to
keep and turnips to sell. If you should
not have stable manure, then use cot-
tonseed meal, i,2oo; acid phosphate,
5oo; kainit, 30o. Use I,ooo pounds per
acre.-Southern Cultivator.
The oamapple Sl4 1n.
One week from Saturday last, says
the Times-Union and Citizen, head-
quarters of the Indian River and Lake
Worth Pineapple Growers' Association
at the Plant System wharves, will close
for the season, and the general agent,
E. P. Porcher, will return to Cocoa,
his headquarters for the remainder of
the year. The shipping is now prac-
tically wound up; there will not be
more than 2,ooo crates more sent for-
ward. This is, of course, for the east
coast pines; while the shed-grown pines
or Orlando and those of the west
coast are now just coming into market,
But with these this association has
nothing to do.
The association, during the term that
the headquarters have been in Jack-
sonville, has handled about 52,000
standard crates, for which there has
been obtained about $2 per crate net to
the growers. The fruit has been scat-
tered from BOston to Omaha, and
from Canada to New Orleans, and
there has never been but one glut any-
where within the range of the associa-
tion shipments, and that a slight one,
caused by hot weather and by aimless
shipments outside of the association.
In fact, for the Red Spanish variety the
demand has been so steady and active
that it can truthfully be said that there
has hardly ever been enough. Mr.
Porcher stated yesterday that there has
not been a day since the season
opened, taking in the whole range of
the pineapple markets supplied by the
association, where it could not have
placed eight or ten as many carloads as
it was able to supply, and he could
place that number today, when the sea-
son is practically ended.
There is a distinct demand for the
Red Spanish in the American markets.
Consumers know this variety and call
for it; and the fancy varieties are com-
paratively neglected. The Porto Rico
has done fairly well, but the Abakka
has not come up to expectations, even
in Boston, which was thought to be an
Abakka market.
About 35,000 standard crates have
been sold in the field or at the depots
on the Indian river and Lake Worth,
for which the prices obtained ranged
from $I.50 to $2.25 per crate. It'will
not escape attention that this is a re-
sult really better than that obtained by
the association; but the general agent
mentioned it with satisfaction as being
a result which he has worked for, be-
cause it is beneficial to the growers.
He does not hesitate to claim that the
association was largely influential in se-
curing these good sales in the field,
because it was controlling and ship-
ping so large a percentage of the fruit
that it forced the commission men, out-
side of its agencies, if they wanted any
fruit to go to the growers to buy it.
Association sales and home sales dove-
tail admirably together, each supple-
ments the other, each is necessary to
the other.
The total crop on the mainland has
been about 130,000 standard crates. In
this estimate, 87,000 crates have been
accounted for, leaving about 43,ooo
crates to be disposed of otherwise.
These were shipped outside of the as-
sociation, and of course nothing more
than a rough approximation or a guess
can be given in regard to them. The
fact that these shipments were neces-
sarily made without any oversight from
a central directory caused some of
them to be bunched, producing glut-
ted markets. These undirected ship-
ments sometimes ran against associa-
tion pines, sometimes against those
that had been bought in Florida and
shipped by the buyers. The gluts were
infrequent and light, because there
were not nearly enough pines in Flor-
ida to go round; but they show what
might happen if Florida had several
million crates to dispose of.


m INCH ESTER

W'6 "NEW RIVAL"

FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
No Mackpowduer s e tim met mpare with the* "NBW RIVAL" La Ms.
ielmtwy- .r. stlagq-ItIs. Su, mbiie awtwp-el. OGthe rin.;
WIEMST KPEATM AR M O .m ml N%



SEED! SEED.. .


Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gaines-
ville to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special inducements to pur-
chasers of Seed Oats, Seed Potatoes, Velvet Beans, etc.


I HAVE

s800 POUNDS-m

ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE SEED
READY FOR DEIVEMY.


Address all orders and Inquiries to
P. F. WILSON, Jacksonville, Florda.


MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.
Mpe eosae o 6 Pa r or mserfs...
Florida To mae clow coe-
tionsewith steamers leave
New York Jacksonville (Uiom de-
pot) Thurudays 5:15 a..,
Phila. C.aP. By.)or Pernan-
delphia & d orute, VM
Sen route, or "all rall" via
Boston Pt r8tem at 7:n p. .,
ar. Brunswick U:ae p m.
From Brunswick- direct to ngdirectly aboard steam
New York. er.
PUOP08BD SAILIUNs fer Jly. 1300.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICa DRM TTcjO 9 YOTR. I.ZAVING VUrT
S. S. NUECES................ .......................Friday, July 6.
S. S. RIO GRANDE...... .............................. Friday, July IS.
S. S. COLORADO ................................ ....Friday, July 20
S. S. RIO GRAND....................................... Friday, July 29.
For lowest rates, reservations and full Information apply to
BASIL GIIL,
S20 W. Bay Street, Jacalonvmlea.
H. H. Raymond, Agent, Fernandipa Fla.
C. H. Mallory & Co., General Agents, Pier 2 E. B., New York.


The time made by the trains and the through to nearly every point, East or
condition of the pines on arrival have West, from twelve to fifteen hours
left nothing to be desired. Two days quicker than in former years and in
from Florida to New York and three splendid condition.
to three and one-half days to Chicago Mr. Porcher has devised a new sys-
have been the rule; very seldom a tem of loading cars, which he calls the
longer time than that. The railroad block system, which saves the expense
service all over the country has been of slatting. Six tiers of crates are
almost perfect The pines have gone placed in the car, with six to eight








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. __

l l fA. 6intoiion for winter use, the Home and water, letting them remain in the wa-
Farm says: ter only long enough to loosen the W
The roots of onions are as good as skins. Remove all at once and you will HAT A A
S 1 o w dead when the onions are really ripe not have mushy fruit from over-scald- UR. HATHAW AY
Sand ready to be taken from the ground ing. Peel all you are to can before you
vg rOw t h > and stored for the winter. The roots begin, so you can give undivided at- IURE8
of h a I r then need no trimming. tention to the cooking. Put only wws
Those who make a business of grow- enough in the kettle at one time to fill
C 0 m e S ing onions for market on a large scale, a few cans, then the last will not be Rtgsim fr- His lMarelou Saee@-
from lack and arrange to properly store and keep over-cooked and watery. Hi ew, Free BoLk.
f hair them during winter, have in many Do not put any water in the kettle. F Bok.
cases in these days houses specially as enough juice will have run from Dr. Hathaways method
food. The built for the purpose. them while peeling to start the first mea titahe nremut of
S hair ha The idea in constructing houses of kettle. Season with salt as for the ta- twentyyears eo exper-
h a i r ha s this class is to secure ventilation and a ble. Let them boil up until thorough- emee in the maot extea-
no life. dry atmosphere, to come as near as ly scalded, but it is not necessary for ive practice of any
It Ia ltrVYs t ff 88 D possible to setting a temperature just each tomato to soften, as Quite solid s st in his ina
abasw a rv AKhV s4ni. and to d rn mofRu ftii L hhered e ihiicr 2I Ji h_,r^
o iin g out, gets tain this temperature steadily. Where your judgment must be used. Have the best medical mneagesin
thinner and thinner, the purpose is to keep onions through fruit as nearly whole as possible, but thecountry andperfect-
the winter for home use only, the plan- if not scalded through, they will not e4htismedlesiandsurgl-
bald spots a p ear, ning should be as closely as possible to keep. Fill to the brim one can at a eal eduation by e xte
then actual baldness. this mark. time. Use a new rubber and a cover Early in his professional er Pr h l pr
Even in the case of those who make carefully fitted previously, so there will erles whichplaced him at theheead of his prlc
The only goo air considerable business of storing onions, be no delay. aiona as pecialist n treating what aregeneraly
food *the winter care of them is always at- Right here you must work fast. Fill known a private diseaMseso me an women.
tended with more or less loss." Reg- the can with the boiling fruit, add one Thfssystem o treatmenthebhasmoreandmore
yOU ular onion growers understand, too, more tomato, wipe the seeds off from perfeetedeach year until today hisures are
C an that "it is absolutely essential for suc- about the rubber, screw on the top, Invariable as to be the marvel at the medical
buy A W- cessful winter storing that the bulbs which will press down the extra to- profeetion.pteeoanyeealt
should be well matured, thoroughly mato and insure a full can. After the lathe worlhestilU maintaln system of nol-
is Hi cured, not bruised and in a perfectly top is screwed on as tightly as possi- nal fee which makesit possible for all to obtala
W dormant state. Most growers prefer ble, reverse the can a moment and if his services.
t& Topping the onions before storing, by any chance there is an imperfec- Dr HathawaytreatsandcuresLoaoeVitality,
t Sheep shears can be used to advantage tion in the cover, can or rubber, or a VaricoCele. Stricter, Blood Poisoning in ts df-
feeds o in this work, leaving about an inch ot misfit, a few bubbles of juice will es- ferent stages. hema m,Weak BackNerv-
the top above the bulb." cape and you must return the contents i ores and kin Disease, Bright Dieae
the roots, stops In the matter of range of tempera- of the can to the kettle and do your andall forms of KideyTroubles. HIS treatment
starvation, and th ture, it is held that "the temperature of work over. This often saves a good for undertoned men wetores lost vitality and
tarvtion, andthe bins or places where the onions are many failures, makes the patient a strong well, vigorous man.
hair grows thick and wintered should not run above 32 de- You will have much nicer canned to- Dr. Hathaway's acces in the treatment o
It cures dan- agrees or below 15 degrees until spring. matoes if you fill the cans with the o..arleoele m eSt ..i Tth ohe aid o nife
Too severe freezing or successive more solid parts and only pour inby this method at his own home without paor
rur also. Keep a freezing and thawing will injure the enough juice to fill in the spaces. The lossoflmefrombusiess. Thists positivelythe
bottle of it on your bulbs. Small quantities may be stored last of the juice may be boiled down onlytreatment whiehcureswithoutanoperation.
plc 2 *m ; rt, ;t ;t and a is new heerk, sttilie.1,
I wa restores pace the onions in piles. Cover them Impoilt of Se. Man ns, Vnimoat uha ooki'w h ',
with hay or straw to the depth of about The imports of rough rice into the b absent f eeor *eappltkat cp
color to faded or gray twelve inches and then add a layer of United States during the eleven Write today for ree book ad symptomblank,
hair. Mind, we say earth and roof the mound with boards. months ending May 31, aggregate 43,- mentioning yourconmpla~nt
a lwys It is essential that the bulbs be thor- ooo short tons. To this may be added J. NBWTON HATHAWAY, D.
alwaysoughly protected from water, which ii,ooo short tons of rice flour, rice meal Dr.Hatwaryao.,
battlee A i. causes decay, and broken rice, making a total of 54,- s ramStreet, Savanauh, 0.
a heiti* AU & la "When the cold storage process is ooo short tons. At the same time last MnIrrON THIS APEArWHPEN WIariG.
"I have ftoud your aar Vigor followed the onions are stored on year there had been imported 72,000
se thrie b re. sr ay ha mw floors or in bins, barrels, boxes or short tons of rice and 23,ooo short tons T H i-I _-
faMl t very ~ed, so I thaouht crates. The temperature must never of rice flour, rice meal and broken
otry a aote of It. IT d quite reach the freezing point, but rice, or a total of about 96,o0o short ff I. \^S
Seo towb atemAis now should not rise more than 2 or 3 de- ons.
ad grees above it. Free ventilation is es- The reduced importations for the cur- That wil kill
NA JrJ.L0UMAsMTL sential in bright days, when the cold rent year have resulted in clearing up
JlI ,Il. Yooeo .T. is not too severe and the atmosphere is all of the old stocks in the United all the weeds
1 e 4 dry. Cellars will sometimes answer the States and the country will enter upon in your lawn.
Swi ffl se yeou h book s Tme purpose, but they usually contain too the near approaching rice harvest with If you keep
ImsF s ~A op. As m much moisture. Barns and well-con- very small supplies and a good market. the weeds cut
Ai.esses, 0. T frost-proof, and will preserve the bulbs our rice planters will have a successful y o
S in perfect condition." season always provided that no great go to seed
M P o M 1F We thus have mast, if nat all, s thle torme inteorven during f e )ar8ret liHid out your
main essentials in keeping onions dur- season. Rice is one of our most per- grass without
ing the winter. Onions are, or should ishable crops, should we have excessive breaking the s m aeleders of roots
be, grown by all farmers; and there wind and rain storms.-Louisiana Sug- the grass will become thick and
inches between adjoining tiers, giving are few farms without places immedi- ar Planter. as wime t k
excellent ventilation. These tiers are ately suitable, or that can easily be ompettiweeds will disappear. Send for
built up nearly to the middle of the made suitable, for the winter care of Where ompe tCron Mr. catalogue.
car, being jammed in tight, so that they enough onions for home supplies. A citizen of Carrabelle, Mr. J. W. TdE CLIPrE WIU DO IT
wedge the tiers running lengthways ago en route home from South G or- CLIPPER LAWN MOWER 00.
and prevent them from moving about. inning Tmto gia. He said that all through that seo- itow, P
This was found to be a necessity where If any of our gardeners have a sur-' tion of country he saw long strings of
the reloading of the cars was done in plus of tomatoes the following points cars standing on nearly all the side- A RTISTIr
the night, when it would be difficult to on canning by Mrs. Helen C. Lovejoy tracks being loaded with watermelons.TISTI
nail up the slatting. in the American Agriculturist may Farmers and buyers were riding on the U
The East Coast. Railway Company prove of value: passenger trains, conversing with each M ONUM ENT8
ran ten trains a week, seven regular The first step for success in canning other about the crops. From these M UnTO
freight trains and three fast trains, the tomatoes is the proper selection of the conversations he gathered that as much EXECUTED IN.......
latter mostly to pick up full cars at the vegetable. Reject all soft, overripe to- as $60 to $70 a car net was being real- "E ...
stations. It was a service much apprc- matoes as well as those underripe, for ized by the growers. That they were THI LATI T DEBIGNS O .
dated by the shippers. At this point only firm, solid, well-reddened toma- contented and happy, with business ev-
the Plant System train, No. 212, con- toes will produce a perfect result. Be- erywhere booming right in the middle
tinted the rapid service northward, fore proceeding further, get the cans of the summer. This all changed when MARBLE and GRANITE.
The shipments to the East and West ready. Whether old or new are used, he reached the Florida line.
were about equal in volume. The wash them in cold water, then in hot Reader, do you know the reason? --
freight rate to Western points is high- water, in which a plentiful supnly of Those people have railroad competi- Iron Plrten s --
er, but the price of the fruit is also soap powder or sal soda has been dis- tion. The writer has been through that For cemetery and lawn enclosures.
higher- and h nicely adjusting the solyvd; thij will owseton them and de- section in June and July. He knows
shipments to te two sections the net stroy any lingering taint.- Especially the picture is not overdrawn. He All work guaranteed. Prices reasona-
returns from the West were made to examine the covers and clean with a knows more, viz: That almost any bihg
average as well as from the East. small scrubbing brush, and the last acre of land in Leon county (except Correspond with
Mr. Porcher expresses the utmost thing plunge each jar and cover in boil- the Bellair section) would fertilize five N
confidence in the future of the Florida ing water; this will destroy any float- of the land in the melon section of QE R' NICHOLS & CO.
pineapple, at least the Red Spanish va- ing mold or fungus germs that may South Georgia. We can grow larger 005 Harrison Street,
riety; let Cuba do her worst, or her start future fermentation, melons, better melons, and get them to rMPA ORIDA
best. He believes that the industry, if A word about the kind of cans used. market earlier by two weeks, but our
developed at I natural, healthy pace, Personally, I illikh prefer gla: for cv freight rates are too high. Instead of
may be expanded until the whole east erything. Stone cannot be depended realizing a profit we would likely be The Practical
coast fit for pineapples at all may be upon, for if a small spot is not covered called upon to pay freights. AND SIMPLE
covered with them, and yet the coun- by the glaze, air will come through the Give us competitive transportation BA D W
try will take them all at good living porous ware; then, too, the salt glaze lines and the South Georgia people D WIRE
prIces. is gradually destroyed by use. Tin I will either have to become Floridians Fotie i WIN
never use, but if you must use tin cans, or go out of the melon business. What PRICE SC .e.
K ping ORioiin. iuse new one" and wash as carefully aI it true in melon growing is true with V. SCHMEL,
the glass. respect to many other crops. Let us
Replying to an inquiry of a corre- Now you are ready to prepare your get the roads and then watch old Leon ylvanLake, Fla.
spondent concerning the treatment of fruit. Scald a few at a time in boiling Prosper.-Tallahasseean. "Certlflcate Am. Inst. tir.,"









- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


HOUSBEOLD D) PA&TMENT.

Address all communications to the
Household Department, Agriculturist,
DeLand, Fa.

A r LPFUL 001RNR.

Home Surgery.
Removing a splinter from a suffering
hand may not be a nice and pleasant
subject, but home surgery may
sometimes give someone a feeling of
heartfelt joy. The sufferer who illus-
trates the matter on this occasion was
a carpenter. He was working at his
trade at an institution over which the
sisters of the Roman Catholic church
presided. One day he broke otY an
ugly splinter in his hand and could not
get it out. He went home at the close
of his day's work feeling no annoyance
from the sound, but by the next morn-
ing the hand was in a serious condition
and so painful that working was an im-
possibility. On his way to the doc-
tor's the carpenter stopped to tell the
sisters why he must delay his work.
"Let me see what I can do with your
hand before you go to the doctor." Aid
one of the sisters. The man demurred.
"Yes," said the sister, with gentle in-
sistence, "it will dono harm anyway.
She quickly filled within an inch or so
of the top a rather wide-mouthed bot-
tle with steaming hot water, and as she
held it another sister pressed the in-
flamed part of the injured hand gently
S. down orti oen.x. Such a P_-
culiar sensation! It seemed to the lnan
that his whole hand was being drawn
with great force into the bottle. He
would have taken it away, but the sis-


destroy bilious symptoms, and save
possible doctor bills. Taken as a hot
drink, lemonade, with a little sugar,
will mitigate catarrhal attacks, if it does
not cause a complete cure.
To prevent colds and bilious attacks,
let the housewife provide plainer
menus. Do not coax the appetite with
goodies, since the system is prone to
be clogged from the hearty winter diet.
The ounce of prevention now may be
worth more than a pound of cure in
future.-Fannic L. Fancier, in New
York Observer.

The Coming Sleeves.
Sleeves are made to the elbow, tight
fitting, and with a deep turned back
cuff of lace or embroidery. To weir
with them arc underilecitr of lace or
long gloves, this applying c\en to cloth
gowns. Everything is elaborate, and
sashes of soft lacelike materials are put
on every style of gown. Fancy silk
waists, embroidered by hand in charm-
ing designs, which are formed into a
yoke, with deep cuffs and collars, re
the novelties in the so-called inexpen-
sive waists; these, even in Paris, sell
for $5o. In this country they cost more.
One fact already established is that
autumn gowns of silk, liglitweiglt
cloth, crape, cashmere, poplin-in
short, all that are not absolutely of the
tailor variety and made of heavy cloth
-are to show novel sleeve effects that
include forms reminiscent of Queen
Elizabeth and of Louis XIV, with oc-
casional slender empire forms and oth-
ers that are none the less picturesque
MiUR, W f flii coI c mposilv F Fr.-
Harper's Bazar.

Recipes.


ter was holding it gently but firmly. Baked Milk-This is a very nourish-
Then there was a feeling of relief; it ing and excellent sauce for figs or
seemed as if the inside of that hand had prunes. Place one pint of milk in an
become liquid and was pouring its un- earthenware jar, cover the top with
pleasant contents into the bottle. That stout white paper and bake gently for
was almost exactly what was happen- three hours. It will then be the
ing, and with the liquid went the of- consistency of cream.
fending splinter. The hand was bathed Fricassee of Parsnips-After paring,
and bandaged, and the carpenter con- boil the parsnips gently in unsalted
tinued his work without further incon- water till soft; lift them out and cut
venience.-New York Times, into pieces two inches long and let
them simmer for eight minutes in a
Uses of Idme and Charcoal. sauce made of two tablespoonfuls of
"The heat and moisture of summer stock, a pinch of mace, a full teaspoon-
months have a tendency to rust metals, ful each of butter and flour, one-halt
mildew fabrics and cover all gortg of cup of cream or rich milk, one-half ta-
substances with mould," writes Maria spoonful of salt and one-quarter tea-
Parloa of "The Care of the House in spoonful of white pepper.
Summer," in the July Ladies' Home Puree of Peas-One cup of dried
Journal. "Fermentation and putrefac- peas soaked over night and put on the
tion develop rapidly in vegetable and fire, with three scant pints of cold
animal substances if they are not care- water and a stalk of celery. Bring to
fully watched. Lime and charcoal are boiling point and simmer until tender.
two aids' toward keeping th ouse h hen done run through a sieve and
sweet and dry, and the housekeeper add a binding of one tablespoonful each
should, if possible, provide herself with of butter and flour, seasoned with one
both these materials. A barrel each of teaspoonful of salt, one-half teaspoon-
lime and charcoal in the cellar will tend ul of pepper and one-half teaspoonful
to keep that part f the house dry and of sugar. Serve with croutons.
.sweet. A bowl of lime in aJdamp Ragout of Lambs' Tongues-Simmer
closet will dry and sweeten it. A dish six tongues in just enough boiling wa-
SRfhro i !t mo 'e h-sto ter to cover until they are tender, add-
will do much toward making tlie i 6 0 i moo ",unful of oaf nlhuin
places sweet. The power of charcoal half done, then cut into dice; brown
to absorb odors is much greater direct- one tablespoonful of butter, add one
ly after it has been burned than when heaping tablespoonful of flour and
it has been exposed to the air for a brown again; add one and one-half
length of time. Charcoal may be puri- cupfuls of brown stock and stir until
fed and used again and again by heat smooth and thick, then add one-half of
ing it to a red heat. The lime must be a teaspoonful of onion juice, four drops
kept in a place where these is no of tabasco sauce, one dozen pitted
chance of its getting wet, and not ex- olives, saltspoonful of salt and the pre-
nosed to air." pared meat; simmer slowly for fifteen
pa minutes; serve on a 'dee platter and
Hinces c oa the Houuoewre. garnush with toast points.
t for the ewie. Heat a cupful of fruit juice-for in-
If, perchance, some housewives have stance, canned or evaporated cherries
on hand apples that are decaying, they -with an equal amount of water;
can, with profit, try the following plan: when boiling, stir in three even table-
Sort them over, and, after paring, stew spoonsfuls of cornstarch, mixed smooth
until tender, then fill up empty fruit with a little cold water, boil ten min-
jars. If a variety is desired, canned utes, sweeten to taste, remove from the
quinces can be used to flavor a few fire, then beat in the stiffened whites
jars. This sauce will come handy "be- of three eggs and a half saltspoonful of
tween hay and grass," i. e., before good salt. Turn into a mould, and. when
ripe apples and other fruit are again cold, turn out and eat with whipped
in the market. The parings and cores cream or a soft custard made from the
can be boiled and strained to replenish yolks of the eggs.-Tennessee Farmer.
the vinegar jug. By adding sugar or Home-Made Vinegar-Vinegar is an
molasses, an excellent quality of vine- article in constant use in kitchens, yet
gar is the result, far better than much how few know how to keep the vinegar
of ihc output in grsiry 0t ;iS, jar fitlud wiffiout ending to Iilc gro-
I have been reliably informed that cery. We have never bought a gallon
much of the strongest vinegar of cor- since living in Florida, nor did I ever
merce is made at the large saloons- make any before coming. Years age.
made from the glass rinsings of old however. I read a recipe in Home and
topers. By the way, if a child craves Farm and treasured it in my mind for
vinegar, and, therefore, inordinately de- a time of need. The following is not
sires pickles, supply this demand with word for word, but is about as I make
lemons, which are a most healthful acid the article, and I am never without:
at this season. Their frequent use will Take a pint of shelled corn, boil in a


gallon of water, then sweeten the wa-
ter with white or brown sugar; pour all
together in a jar or pitcher, tie a piece
of thin muslin over the top and keep
in a warm place. When strong, which
will be in a week or two, the fluid may
be poured into another pitcher or jar.
and the first one filled with sweetened
water, the original corn will last for
months.

Sofa Pillow Ideas.
The Ladies' Home Journal for th;s
month has suggestions for summer pil-
lows which are new and attractive.
Among these are a cover of muslin
having large dots worked over in four
shades of pink silk. There is a ruffle
of muslin also worked and edged with
a narrow gathrd prinhk ribbon, An-
other is of red and white checked ging-
ham. Around the four edges and in
the four corners the alternate squares
are worked with white. The ruffle is
of plain red gingham hemstitched. An-
other attractive pillow is covered with
a delicate shade of pink, and over this
is a cover of white linen with narrow
drawn work in rows and hemstitched
ruffle. Still another is of pink and
white checked gingham, cross-stitched
iii Wiiilc, Thu ruffc arc of fin y doi-
ted Swiss muslin and plain pink ging-
ham, the Swiss one being on top.
HOW'S THIS?
We offer One Hundred Dollars Re-
ward for any case of catarrh that can-
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
r, 1. Cid48'117 Go., PIrioe'., ofledo,
O.
We, the undersigned, have known F.
.T. Cheyney for the past 15 years, and
believe him perfectly honorable in all
business transactions and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by their firm.
West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists,
Toledo, Ohio.
Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Whole-
sale Druggists, Toledo, 0.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter-
nally, acting directly upon the blood,
and mucous surfaces of the system.
Price 75 cents per bottle. Sold by all
druggists. Testimonials free.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.

Crops and Products.
There is an acre of fine peanuts on
H. A. Northrop's place, the vines near-
ly covering the ground, though the
rows are four feet apart. In a patch
of early sweet potatoes on the same
farm the vines wholly cover the
ground, and will soon yield potatoes.-
Florahome Co. East Floridian.
Mr. Jud Brinson closed his shipments
of melons July Io. We do not know
what he realized from their sale, but he
rcrtninlr made a s di ;!- ei hiII
melons and shipped fifty-three cars.-
WVelborn Cor. Suwannee Democrat.
Worth $I,2oo.-It is estimated that
en thousand dozen eggs were shipped
rom this place last year, which were
worth about twelve hundred dollars to
the sellers. This is a good showing for
so small a place. There is money in
eggs and chickens. Who says there is
ot?-W-elborn Cor. Suwannee Demo-
:rat.
Tflftf Tlfliaggnd Boxes of rult.-
An idea of the orange crop in this sec-
ion can be obtained from a statement
made by M. F. Giddens, who has just
returned from his grove. He says that
he has a grove of young trees, and this
season he estimates he will get Iooo
boxes of oranges. He estimates that
he Oak Hill settlement, in that coun-
y, will gather alone 3,oo000 boxes of
ruit the coming season. W. R. Ful-
er. Jr.. has just returned from a trip
through the Manatee section, and he
says that the crop is going to greatly
exceed his original estimate of 2oo,ooo
boxes. He declares that he never saw
rees so heavily fruited as they are thi<
a;r,-q, an:1d l lidw oigna of such
health that it is certain they will re-
nain on the trees until ripe.-Tampa
Cor. T.-U. & C.

SPECIFIC.
"I wonder how he was cunrd of tho
political fever?"
"By the mud bath treatment, I be-
ieve!"-Detroit Journal.


$1.98 BUYS A $3.5oUIT
0(L CiLTKDP "IVgIWIW i
LOTA "D KISL NE, U SDI S w' vr.
1C 1 ASTS EItlT AT Kin a..


S r srall forai ad=wZ Y
sult by e sm.. C0.. object to i.
a ea eu sezs t e tyir
express oficed if found treetly si.
factory andstonl s irn yewnfr
*"&C4k 7youanrrmiM mi-,rtSMW
r F l.e ; and fpim rabst.
i. Wesoa lBas. itwtSAR,
p...,s.. IS. MAlIce... 1.5.1..5.u l see..
aletS- I A Lstyk iMOs ilikm
4 moan thr ltri1e. Onem rc 25.
t-.t.-e neat handsome littesr,
ine italian lining, g.ins' Orav lu r. ,sle s- i-_
sisyhg and reUlsetrd, silk s Iban deMr Hsililwip
1Wa3, rf. fr hpM fles MI6, contnnl fa ieU
plates, t pe measure and fullinstrctions how to oard

to eider 18Dm O. e u. kM.
(fc e tl> k a a iml to u yn>l i&.-41 .)

Western Poultry Farm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry rWalfng
profitable. It is up to date. 24 pages.
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice -M11-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum UeS
btenda O Po i tl7, 1 do?. 0 : 2o for
C9'8 S0 'or au c; Iy! ror u.


,Trck. Hy., Coal, Cattl
k P ado a. a C.mtc Scai..
PuticularauteatioBtorepe
Satisftioma Guara:red.
JESSE MARDEI%
10o a. Charis at.
BAA]CILOa. A


CANCER--PILES.
CANCER CURED WITHOUT PAIN.
NO KNIFE USED.
CURE GUARANTEED.
$1,000 for a case of Piles we cant cure.
Write for free books. Address
1nuB1vmW, a L 5 I 5 -IIM.


TRUSSES, 6 $1.25 AND UP


650.
at rScieR! a't uCm. owat 11
the r hagd b threne mid
$:~' cm oreid a
SI nA P A UT E E T U 1IT W i n,,,,,,in U ,1
"wheer onwah our ia r rs oror se
tat Rvrks B nasls 1eus illustratedl iaoqpcati
gi* tit..inEiVA ala iim flfl
ruptured whether rupture l& large or rna; oi t
number inches around the body on a line with t
rupture, ay whether rupture is on right or l~t sd
Tnd we wll send either trss to Tyo withthe umdet
standing, If It I aeet e.: At Isd equl itI eat
retail three tnese ur prleeyou nem tualt and W
will return your money.
WRITE FOR FREE TRUSS CATALOGUE wbl. aole
a'ltm(jeftingludln o w Ie 0s 0. R ?
$Ioter aus ey ise, *ren r s 2.
Addr*es EAR8,ROEBUCK Co. C-Eili




CONSUMPTION
nI r stops bciaue the wether

Then why stop ting
SOur ,S EMULSION
simply because it's summer
Keep taking H Itwill healyour
lung and mke than trong ar
another winter.
soc. and S.;O all drugists.
-"or









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 4a


POULTRY D.UAZTMRKT.

Address all communications to Poul
uy Department, Box 200, DeLand, Fla

How to Care fr 'DukUngs.
After the ducklings are hatched they
should remain in the incubator foi
twenty-four hours. or until the twenty
ninth day. They should then be re-
moved and placed in brooders, about
one hundred in each, after which they
are fed and watered for the first tim
The first few days they should be
guarded very closely, and do not allow
them to become wet or chilled, and
after feeding see that all get back into
the brooder. In the course of a few
days they become accustomed to their
surroundings and give no more trouble
in this respect. Their food during the
first week consists of equal parts ol
corn meal and wheat bran, mixed to a
crumbly mass with either water, whole
milk or skimmed milk. They should be
fed this mixture evcry two hours, what
they will eat up clean, no more, no less.
During the following five weeks they
should be fed four times daily on equal
parts of wheat bran, corn meal and
ground oat feed, 5 per cent. beef meal,
5 per cent. grit, and some green stuff,
such as cut rye, chopped cabbage, etc.
The seventh and eighth weeks they
should be fed three times daily with
equal parts of corn meal and wheat, io
per cent. beef scraps, 5 per cent. grit
and plenty of green stuff. From this
time forward until the tenth week they
should be fed three times daily two-
thirds corn meal and one-third wheat
bran. xo per cent. beef scraps. 5 per
cent. grit and very little green stuff.
At this age, with the above metnod of
feeding, the young ducks should weigh
from five to six pounds each, and be
ready for the market.-Prairie Farmer.
Guinea owls.
If farmers would devote more atten-
tion to Guinea fowls and become fa-
miliar with their many good qualities,
we would find them among almost ev-
ery flock of poultry.
Cuinea fowls cannot. of course. suD-

at least deserve a place in the poultry
world.
There is no more delicious or palat-
able dish than a young Guinea fowl, and
the eggs, though small, are very rich
and delicate.
The greatest objection to them is
their wild nature, which prompts them
to seek the woods in search of nests.
The young birds will leave the nest
almost as soon as dry, and unless the
mother and young are confined in a
tight coop the tiny things will stray off
and die.
They are tender until two weeks old.
after which time, if proiccied at night,
they grow rapidly, and require practi-
cally no attention.
They must have free range, and when
given it will gather all they require to
eat, and during winter weather they
need no special care, since they do not
began to lay until spring any way.
They are not subject to any of the
many diseases which afflict chickens,
and really merit the attention of farm-
ers and poultrymen.-Home and Farm.
Fancy and Utltty.
The majority of those interested in
poultry have no inclination to devote
their time to the breeding of beautiful
birds only, but prefer to realize a profit
from carcasses and eggs, and hence any
attempt to sacrifice vigor and strength
in order to secure a straight comb or a
certain shade of color will in the end
prove detrimental. This is proved al-
ready from the fact that while the
fancy breeders have been more exact-
ing in their standard requirements than
in any other class, yet they have not
succeeded in securing a stock of uni-
form show-birds from the best of their
prize-winners, while the breeders of
larger stock, who give but few points to
color-marks, have only a small number
of culls in their herds. The farmers
who raise poultry for market, however.
owe much to the breeders of fancy
poultry, for despite all mistakes they
may have made, they have preserved
the purity of the breeds, and as their
standard Is only in its infanc" the time
will come when all the breeds will com-
bine not only the characteristics of util-
ity, but convey also the outward evi-
dences of the purity of the stock.-
Farm and Fireside.


Hot Weather.
Poultry requires special care during
- July, August and September. The
grass has become dry and coarse and
* the scorching hot sun seems to debili-
tate both old and young stock. Worms
and insects which were abundant dur-
r ing the spring months have now al-
r most disappeared, therefore the nat-
Sural food of the fowls is scarce. Water
soon becomes hot and the general sur-
t roundings are such as will easily create
y disorders, unless we supply the wants
as they should exist in nature. A cool,
Sshady place is very important, and if
There are no trees, then erect a tem-
i porary shed.
Feed regularly as you would in win-
Ster, though not so liberally, and don't
* forget to give a little oil meal every
Other day, as it will prepare the fowls
for the moulting season, which will
soon begin. Give fresh cool water at
Least morning, noon and night, and
Keep the house free of vermin. As fast
Sas the young chickens develop suffici-
Sently to determine the scxca, the males
should be separated from the others.
All those that are intended for mar-
ket should be liberally fed on rich
foods, while the females that are to be
kept over winter should be allowed to
have free range and should not be giv-
en fattening food.
Do not allow young fowls to roost on
poles until they are four or five months
Sold, as the breast bones are soft and
often become crooked. The old males
should be either confined in yards or
sent to market, as the remainder of the
flock will do much better without them.
Keep the house clean and watch that
mites do not get there. Scatter lime
over the roosting boards and floor and
pour kerosene on roosts. Do not let
dogs or hogs stay near the poultry
house, otherwise fleas will overrun the
fowls. By observing these directions
carefully many of the failures which
follow later will be avoided.
Nots.
At the Rhode Island station, careful
investigation has been made of the
cause of death of young incubator
chickens examined during the spring
and summer of 1899 was 826. It was
alleged that about one-third of the
chicks had been more or less injured
by uneven heat during incubation. An-
other common cause of trouble was in
over-crowding of brooders, resulting in
death by suffocation, trampling, etc.
Tuberculosis was found to be very
prevalent and 15 per cent. of the chick-
ens were more or less affected. For
guarding against this disease, it is rec-
ommended to give the interior of the
brooders all the sun and air possible on
pleasant days. Bowel troubles were a
common cause of death. Iesding
should be as nearly as the time of the
attendant renders profitable a contin-
uous operation but by no means a con-
tinuous gorge. Sometimes too much
animal food is given, but in moderate
quantities animal food results in rapid
growth. Lack of animal food some-
times causes diseases of the liver and
gall bladder.-Texas Stockman and
Farmer.
A poultryman who is noted for suc- I
cess in producing vegetables, states
that he grows twice as much on an
acre as formerly. He keeps loo fowls
and has two lots of ground, one being
given up to the fowls while the other
is used for a garden, the lots being
about one and a quarter acres each.
The next year he turns fowls on the I
garden plot and uses for a garden the
plot that was vacated by the fowls. By
thus giving up his garden plot to poul-
try every alternate year, he keeps the
soil very fertile.-Texas Stockman and
Farmer.
Keep Them BIsy.
Hens that go in the corner and sit
down should be put to work. In the
morning give them about one-third as
much food as they can eat, so as to
have them hungry. Then get some
leaves, cut straw or dirt, and scatter I
about a teaspoonful of wheat, corn and I
oats (mixed) through it. The hens
will soon get hungry, and finding one
grain will hunt for another. That is
just what you want. Give them noth-
ing until night, then feed all they want.
Do this every day. Keep them hun-
gry during the day, but feed them well
before going to roost, and they will
keep well and lay.-Farm and Fireside.


Florida F. t Coast Ry.
TIME TABLW NO. i. IN EFFECT JUNE 6. 1900.


SOUTH BOUND (Bead Dow.)


(Bead Up) NORTH BOUND.


-, NOM w,.m sxamhd


Daily aily TATIONI.


A k UOU....... IhPard ........

A~i~ Ur tr...............Lr
.iv: ........ Em a .........Ar


LTv....... t PalWtba.........Ar
ILI ....,u(P&".........

...........to rmeM ......... .




...* Wo rtoo ,,oo. ****
..... rt Pa ......


.Ue.... m ..o......


A"............ t .l...... .....I
* .........,ma O om..........


'........Stu a ....ooo
.Nohe...OnOQ....4 *

'4. West Juie ."%
"........... w et y ..........

....D. ........

Ar...........xhan..........L


Daily Daily


Buffett Parlor rC cm reoTf 0 nad 7I.
Detwem ihaemvrln, Pablo 2"04 an dI ret.


STATIONS.


exS11 WO.J ilvcl


L Y. oJaks v ..le. ..... ....... .... 7 I i ..
AC. bla BeaL....... ... .T 1
AP.Nd. 0. ouINu N
SM port..... . ............. ... ...... ... . ......
gTATIONS. IDbil Dril Dr i Su Sun
L. ay ort..... ................... ....... I e0l 8 a .........
Pablo Beach.......................S U06 8Kr d p 6*( ile l U P
Between New Smyro a and Oeag* Betweem Tituvllu sad leased.
City uette No.IU 8TATION. IoD
No.. 1No. TATION. No No.. T ..........Tiuille ..........
00 L..New Smyna. Ar ............Yiem ......... ..
400pll51a1 ..Lake Helen.L 2* : p p ......... eL................ a

AH trains between New =myBrn and Orng Age A M es rr Tituaymu alt gamrl
City Junction daily except Sunday. daily eept Saday.

Steamship Connections at Miami.
KEY WEST LINE. -
Ia. MIami 8nday, Tuasdays,96ednsd ay d l:ars.....M............ Op -.
Arrie Key West MondyWednedys, Thldays ad aturda............... 8J0p. L
Lve Key Wet Thd ad undy................................................ p.
nArrive Miami Fridays and Mondays................................................ Ss. a.
HAVANA UNE. -
SOUTHBOUND STEAMERS TOUCH AT KEY WEST; NORTHBOUND SAIL
DIRECT, HAVANA TO IAMI.
Lee ai Sunday .and Wedneday .. isi
Uew .maIn. Iw.saa U.ma aay..s .... .............. ........ i-
ArriveMiami Wedneaaysaandsaturdays... ............... .. a. .
Thee Time Tables show the tim at whioh trailmu ay be nted arrive a depar
from the several station, bat their arrival or dept at I Me stated s not mguma-
fednor os thomp r mm old itst h rlf any delay or s Wsumabi m asr-
For copy atejai Ume oard addr1es
J. P. BOKW .TraseM anagr. BARNMIB. A. A.

SRMn ifr i nrL iAD A


mm_


r 7 .....


& m .....


P- ..I.V.op


a









460 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLOIBIA AGBICOILTIIBIST.

Entered at the.postoice at DeLand, Flor-
ida, second class matter.

E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publisher. md Pw.ita .

Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
eh. 6. Apmeit of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people,


Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.

TERMS.
One year, single subscription...........$ 2.00
Six months, single subscription.......... 00
Single copy................. ............. 05

ADVERTISING RATES.
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.

TO cOEE.roSW
Articles relating to any toic within the
scope of this paper Ire olite.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
Sunless stamp are enclosed.
A communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
uaratof good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.

Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
p 'ble in case of loss. When personal
Sare used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribes when writing to have the ad-
dress of'their paper changed MUST give the
old as well as the new address.


We now have an office in Jacksonville,
Room 4, Robinson Block, Viaduct, where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to see any of our sub-
scribers Any time we can be of service in
Jasuonurll. drop us a line to above addrai

WEDNESDAY, JULY 25, 1900.


owpela, yelvet beans and crab
grass should receive the close atten-
tion of the farmer during the next few
months. Hay can be easily and as
heaply made in Florida, and the man
who fails to make al that his stock
consumes makes a great mistake.

The velvet bean which was compar-
atiyely unknown. in Florida a few
years ago is now a household word,
and the bean is known and valued in
all parts of the state. In addition the
fame of the bean is spreading abroad.
Mesers E. O. Painter & Co., of De-
Land and Jacksonville this spring
shipped large quantities to the other
Southern states, and made one ship-
ment' of fifty bushels to San Juan,
Porto Rico.

Florida is to have a new commission-
or of agriculture, Mr. McLIn, of Lake
country. Mr. Wombell, so far as we are
aU* to judge, hag made a faithful of-
fiet. Mr. MeLn is highly spoken of
by his constituents, and we presume
will continue the good work begun by
Mr, Wombel, The only suggestion we
have to make at present is that he dis-
continue the "Bulletin," or get it out
on time. At present the information
It contains is so aged that its whis-
kers are gray.

The growlers who have claimed that
the population of the orange belt of
Florida has decreased since the freeze,
will be greatly disappointed and sur-
prised when the census returns come.
The freeze was a great calamity to the
state, of course, but the orange grow-


ers are too brave a people to give up
the fight when the first gun fires. The
censue taker found these DeoDle, to a
great extent, doing business at the old
stand. Perhaps they were doing bus-
iness in a- different way, and in
some cases a different kind of busi-
ness, but they are here yet, and will
achieve success ultimately, if not in
the orange business in some industry
that will prove just as profitable as
it pEmlWI U o 3o.

Changed to Cassava.
Last week we noted the fact that
the fine sugar mill and refinery on the
Disston sugar farm at St. Cloud in the
Kissimmee valley had been sold to a
junk dealer at about the cost of scrap
iron, and called on the sugar trust or
some one else to explain the cause. If
as it is claimed, sugar cane culture and
sugar making can be made profitable
in Florida, why has cane growing
been abandoned on the most fertile
land in the state, and the manufacture
of sifer anei it sEaWS at Ls =:!s
thoroughly equipped plants in the
country? We thought, perhaps, the su-
gar trust might be able to give a sat-
isfactory explanation.
The Kissimmee Valley-Gazette in a
recent issue, touching on the matter
giRma a. pUL&(1 explanation, It says:
In an interview with Mr. C. W.
Ward, secretary of the Disston
Company, Mr. Ward stated to a
representative of the Valley-Ga-
zette that it was true that the ma-
chinery of the St. Cloud sugar
mill and factory bad been sold to
Sabel Bros. of Jacksonville.
The company has definitely de-
cided to give up the cultivation of
sugar at St. Cloud. It was their
Intention to take up cassava grow-
ing, and in course of time to put
,the entire plantation into cassava.
They estimated tley could depend
on a yield of thirty tons to the
acre, wortm b a ton. Experlments
have proved that cassava grows
readily on the St. Cloud muck, and
the roots attain an Immense size.
The company is anxiously wait-
ing for the War Department to act
in the matter of a eturvey of the
Kissimmee river, as they realize
it would be dangerous to lay out
much money in crops until meas-
ures have been taken to perfect
the drainage system below St.
Cloud.
As soon as the Southport and
lower canals have been cleaned
out, the company is ready to wid-
en and deepen the St. Cloud canal.
Mr. Ward has already obtained es-
timates of the cost of fitting out
a dredge for the purpose.
The St. Cloud Company evidently
has great faith in the productiveness
of the soil of its plantation in antici-
pating a yield of thirty tons of cassava
per acre. Still, this is not at all im-
possible, but if the growers succeed
in producing this quantity of roots to
the acre they can readily claim the
championship as the star cassava grow-
ers of the country. The St. Cloud
land is remarkably fertile and produc-
tive, and its limitations are hardly
realized.

Recent Surprises.
The man who may have been in the
state ten or more years ago and not
since then, would be treated to a very
pleasant surprise it he would now
make even a casual investigation into
the progress we have male in the line
of general agricultural, or perhaps It
would be more correct to say special
agriculture, as the development has
been largely along the lines of the pro-
duction of such crops that can be pro-
duced successfully and profitably in
only a few sections of the country.
Ten years ago the farmers, or rath-


er the orange growers of South Flor-
ida considered It impossible to grow
corn. Now nearly every wide awake
grower has a corn patch of greater or
less extent All of the hay consumed
in the orange belt of the state was im-
ported from the North and West at
prices ranging from twenty dollars
per ton Up. Hay is still imported to
some extent, but thousands of tons of
it are harvested annually, and it is
or ua good quality as that for which
the grower formerly paid twenty dol-
lars per ton. This hay now costs the
grower considerably less than five dol-
lars per ton.
Cassava in these days, if planted at
all was planted in one or two rows in
the garden for the good wife to make
into pudding. Now cassava farms are
everywhere, some of them hundreds of
acres in extent. In some cases the
roots are sold to starch factories, and
in others they are fed to stock, but in
either case the crop proves a profita-
ble one to the grower.
Toalrra: If It was ORLWFF sRTY R nl
produced not in the orange belt but in
some of the "farming counties" of the
western or northern portion of the
state. Now large areas of the finest
cigar leaf tobacco in the world can be
found in places where only the orange
gfNW ID ro TI0o toaoco growers arc
not having a very easy time in the de-
velopment of this industry for the rea-
son that they are unfamiliar with the
methods of curing and marketing as
practiced by the Cubans. They are
still at work, however, and the tobac-
co fields will increase both in number
and size.
The one time resident returning to
Florida after an absence of a decade
will see wide and flourishing fields of
velvet beans, cow peas and crab-grass
where he formerly saw wire grass or
rag-weed.. He will see vast acres in
vegetables of various kinds besides
the extensive areas devoted to the
special crops such as cantaloupes, cel-
ery watermelons, lettuce, cabbages, etc.
When he left the state the cultivation
of the pineapple was a fad, something
engaged in only by those who culti-
vated it a a pasture or for fain.
ily use. Now this is one of the most
important industries in the state, and
thousands-of acres are cultivated not
only in the open in the southern sec-
tions of the state but also under pro-
tecting sheds in the more northern
portions of the peninsula.
These are but a few of the changes
that the returning Floridian will note,
but they show the current of the
times and that our country is rapidly
developing from a one-crop region to
one of many crops. The growth in
this direction has been slow until the
last few years, and our people are as
yet laboring under disadvantages, as
the work they are engaged in is as yet
experimental, but the enterprise
and determination of our people have
brought about these chaligeS, and they
will keep on with the good work until
our section is firmly established on the
solid foundation built upon a diversi-
ty of crops.

Growing Leftuce under Cover.
The following extract from a bulle-
tin issued by the North Carolina Ex-
periment Station rorers to the growing
of lettuce under glass. The matter is
not entirely suited to this latitude, but
there are some points in it that may
prove of interest to our Florida grow-
ers. In Florida instead of glass the
growers protect their plants almost al-
together with plant cloth. The writer


in the bulletin from which the quota-
tion Is made contends that glass is bet-
ter and cheaper than cloth, and cites
his reasons for so thinking. We do
not know that the same reasons would
hold good in Florida where we do not
always have to protect against the
same degree of cold. It is likely, how-
ever, that better results could be ob-
ed with glass than with plant cloth,
but whether or not the difference
in th y 14 and tile pPli roalired
would be sufficient to justify the ad-
titional expense is the question to be
considered. The bulletin says:
In the production of winter crops, as
I have suggested, our growers have a
decided advantage over those further
north, and the margin between cost
and selling price will always be larger
here, and will more than balance the
cost of transportation. Just as the
Southern cotton mills are successfully
competing under more favorable con-
ditions with those in the North, so our
gardeners under glass, with our bright
sun, can grow crops more cheaply and
better than those in the dark winters
of the North.
ui iThe gard"ilm iiij F o in r-
quires more careful study and great-
er watchfulness than gardening in the
open air, and it behooves us to gain by
experience before branching ont on too
large a scale. When once a man who
Is in love with his calling begins to
grow better products than his neigh-
born, he moon reaB his rssara in ett-
ter prices. The lettuce, for instance,
under plant cloth, goes to market us-
ually in barrels and is sold as "South-
ern field lettuce" by the barrel. Let-
tuce grown well under glass and ship-
ped in handy boxes is sold by the doz-
en at a higher price, and competes
with the Northern greenhouse lettuce.
The gardener with glass gets his let-
tuce into market at the Christmas hol-
idays, and is ready at once to replant
with a crop to compete on more fa.
vorable terms with the crop of the man
who is using cloth, and as the spring
crop usually sells for more than the
midwinter crop, his lettuce being in bet-
top oonlitlon, brings more money. I
have gotten three times the price for
lettuce the first of April that I got
during the winter months, though the
first paid very well.
The many uses to which glass shades
can be applied is another argument
for their use. After the lettuce crop
has been shipped, the tomato plants
are hardened off in the frames,, and,
after the first of March in this climate,
the lettuce does not need the glass, an
extra set of frames can at once be
used for the tomato plants that have
been started in the hot bed or green-
house. After the tomato plants are
removed to the field, the very tender
egg plant can be set in the frames and
protected during chilly nights, and
thus brought on at a time when it will
command a good price. Or a hill of
cucumbers can be planted under each
sash from plants started in pots in the
greenhouse and brought on earlier
than those in the open ground far
south or us. Then after all the plants
have used the glass, there Is no bet-
ter place for the drying of fruits in
summer than under these same sash-
es. Those whose interest is in the
strawberry crop can use the sashes to
cover stawberry plants set for this pur-
pose in frames, and if the sashes are
put over them the first of March or a
little earlier, the crop is rapidly ad-
vanced. And the blooms protected from
frost, so that the fruit goes to market
far ahead of the open-air crops.
-Therefore, if you intend to adopt in-
tensive gardening, and strive for the
production of crops in winter, we
would urge that you drop at once and
'forever the idea that plant cloth is
cheaper and better than glass, for it
is neither.
The Carthaginians were excellent
road builders. Portions of the roads
leading from Carthage east and west
along the sea coast of Tunis and Tripo-
li are still to be found. The construct-
tion of the Carthagian road differed
so materially from that of the Roman
highways that It is an easy matter for
antiquarians to distinguish between
the two.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 461


feeding Hay to Hogs.
The editor of the Farmer and Fruit
Grower says that some farmers have
hogs a few grades above the razor-
back that will eat a considerable lot
of Florida clover, otherwise beggar
weed. To such the result of a trial
made at the Kansas Experiment Sta-
tion In feeding alfalfa hay will be sug-
gestive. The following is an extract
from the bulletin of the Kansas sta-
tion on the subject:
Many farmers in the alfalfa sections
of Northwestern Kansas winter their
stock hogs on alfalfa hay and a small
grain ration, and a few feed alfalfa
hay alone. This slows that alfalfa
hay is a valuable feed for stock hogs,
and we determined to test its value in
fattening.
The alfalfa hay used in this exper-
iment was of the best quality-fourth
cutting and well cured with all the
leaves on. The whole alfalfa hay was
fed dry in forkfuls, in shallow, flat
boxes. The pigs were given more than
they would eat, and they ate the leaves
and finer stems, rejecting the coaser
stems. The alfalfa meal was made by
grinding the hay in a Bowsher No. S
iron feedmill. This ground the leaves
as fine as flour, but left some of the
coarser stems only broken, the whole
mass resembling bran in coarseness.
This experiment began November _4,
1898, and continued sixty-three days.
We are surprised at the results ob-
tained with this experimeqr. We ex-
pected an increased gain from the hogs
fed alfalfa hay, but not the great in.
crease shown. We expected that the
ground alfalfa would produce greater
gains than alfalfa fed whole; it gave
less returns.
The hogs fed Kaffir cornmeal and
whole alfalfa hay gained an average
of 90.9 pounds each in nine weeks,
while those having Kalffr cornmeal
alone gained an average of 52.4 pounds
each, an increase of over 73 per cent.
from feeding the hay. The hogs fed
hay ate more grain and gained more
for each bushel eaten. The gains per
bushel of feed were: Kaffir cornmeal
dry and 7.83 pounds alfalfa hay, 10.88
pounds; Kaffir cornmeal dry alone,
7.48 pounds.
This shows a gain from the hogs of
868 pounds per ton of alfalfa hay fed.
With hogs at three cents per pound
live weight, the hay fed the hogs made
a return of $26.04 per ton; and with
hogs at 4 cents per pound live weight,
the hay returned $34.72 per ton. These
results are not due to the feeding val-
ue of the alfalfa alone, but also to its
influence in aiding the hogs to better
digest the Kaffir corn. The alfalfa al-
so gave variety to the ration, making
it more apetizing andi inducing the
hogs to eat more grain.
Wetting the Kaffir cornmeal made
a saving of nearly 8 per cent over feed-
ing it dry, while grinding the Kaffir
corn caused a loss of over 14 per cent.
Soy-bean meal produced even bet-
ter results than the alfalfa hay. The
hogs fed Kaffir cornmeal four-fifths,
soy-bean meal one-fifth, gained 97.8
pounds while they fed on Kaffir corn-
meal alone gained 52.4 pounds, an in-
crease of over 86 1-2 per cent. from
feeding the beans. The hogs fed the
soy-bean meal required 468 pounds of
grain for 100 pounds of gain, while
those having Kaffir cornmeal alone
required 749 pounds of grain, a sav-
ing of over 37 per cent in amount of
feed needed.

Straw is put to strange uses in Ja-
pan. Most of the horses are shod with
straw. Even the clumsiest cart horses
wear straw shoes. In their eases the
shoes are tied around the ankles with
straw rope, and are made of the ordi-
ary rice straw, and are braided so
that they form a sole for the foot.
They cost about a half-penny a pair,
and when worn out they are thrown
away. Every cart has a stock of fresh
long way off.

TO THE DEAFP.
A rich lady, cured of her deafness and
noises in the head by Dr. Nicholson's
Artflcial Ear (Drums, gave $10,0000 to his
Institute, so that deaf people unable to
procure rthe Ear Drmss may have them
free. Address 1 c. The Nicholeon In-
stitute, 780 IMhth Avenue, New York.
stifc ia tfie fi f Agiflitl
lst.


CHEAP COLUMN
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 2 cents; three week 50 cents.
SAIT SICK. COred for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. Wainn, Man-
vile, FIl. 10x18-1900
FOR SALE--Nrsery of eight thousand
Grapefruit Tree 4,500 budded. Box 271,
Orlando, Fla.. 4tf
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
z38 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
47tf.
BELGIAN IHARBS-Splendid California Buck
Lord Rosalyn Jr., Score 92.H Site Lord
Rosalyn, Dam American Girl. Service $3;
Two $5. J. F. Corrigan, St. Leo, Fla. t32


PINEAPPLE PLANTS FOR SALE-
Abakka and Golden Queen Suckers and
Blips from fine chrifty 3ients. Address
Arthur -H. Brown, Manatee, Fla. 26x33

JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mall
postpaid for 25c per dozen. Good sized
plants ready now. W. S. PRESTON,
Auburndale, Fla. 15-tf


LAND TO RENT-In South Florida for
what It will produce over $300 pr. acre.
Party must have some money. I. M.
DE PEW. Palmasola, Ft. 20x32


VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting X5 varieties of 2 and 3 year
citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tf.

FOR SALE-$100 cash. Eight acres of
high pine land near DelAnd Junetion;
5 acres cleared, three acres of whioh are
in grove, the balance of the tract is in
timber. -9mnil house and a well on the
place. Address T. M. H.. care Agricul-
turist, DeLand, FEa. Sty

WE HAVE complete list American man-
ufacturers. Can buy for you at lowest
prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
gines, boilers. incubators, windmills, or
anything wanted. Correspondence so-
licited. AMERICAN TRADES AGENCY
Jacksonville, Fla. 6tf


$S.75 BOX RAIN COAT
A nyLAA8fflWATER $2.15
SEND NO MONEY. Ct ra thuisa
ier bss edy at baset, take Ier
wut ~ reepr eisa_ u ssaand
we will*send you thiscoat byezprers,
.e a S, beret l esaumalua Ex
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i


Is"MMMMA.e~~,,~








462 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

FLORAI DPABIrMKrWr. The foliage of the Canna has always
been considered highly ornamental,
Address all communications to the even when only those with green P L A N T S Y
editor, W. C. Steele, Switzerland, Fla. leaves were known. Many years ago,
varieties with colored foliage were in-
troduced. Of late years there has been The Oreat Througn Car Line From Florda.
Old-asahioned Flowers, great improvement in this direction, as
There are no flowers like the old flow- well as in size of flowers. Notable
ers among these are Rainbow and John CONNECTIONS.
That grew so long ago; White with leaves variously marked
'nm ' THE ATLANTICTI COAST LITB, via Charles'on
That in our gardens blow. tt the variegation was not constant. THE ATLANTIC COAT LI via C
Last fall we received a small plant of T The Richmond and Washington.
They cannot be as dear to us, Discolor. It made little growth last
As these old-fashioned flowers year and we were not especially at- THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co.
That bordered grandma's garden walks traced by it. But this year it is won- m
Through long warm summer hours, derfully beautiful. The leaves very lumbia and Washington.
closely resemble Banana leaves in via An aet
There are no flowers like the old flow- shape, being very much wider in pro-
era. portion to their length than Canna l The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta andChatt an'g
And none so good and true; leaves usually are. The color is a ThLouisvlle & Nashville viaMontomer
We greet them when we meet them, mingling of purplish brown and red The Louisville & ashvle vi ontgomery.
As Roses greet the dew. maroon with the deep green of ordi- To T The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Asheville.
nary leaves. The edges brown, theW
Where e'er we dwell or wander midrif and veins reddish maroon. The The Mobile & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.
In lands beyond the seas, whole forming a combination which
We long to see the dear old flowers, only needs to be seen to be greatly
And gnarled bent old trees. admired. The flowers of Discolor are Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co. for New
Bright scarlet, but quite small, being
There are no flowers like the old flow- no larger than those of the old-fash- To The York, Philadelphia and Boston.
ern. ioned varieties.
To gladden life's long way Cannas have the great advantage of Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transports.
With memories fondly cherished adapting themselves to almost any soil Com ny for Baltimore
Of childhood's guileless day. that can be found in Florida. Old es- viatp tion Company for Baltimore.
tablished roots are perfectly hardy and
When life was still unknown to aus will surniv s a wstht r w hv e To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
'No shadow yet had fell had. The richer the soil the better the KEY WEST ia PENINSULAR & CIDENTAL
To darken life's uneven road- growth and the larger the flowers. AND
Their tales of sorrow tell. They do best in a moist soil and will H N STEATnSHIP CO.
thrive in flat woods land which is often HAV NA
There are no flowers like the old flow- under water for hours at a time. NOVA SCOTIA,
erA. Our native variety, Canna flaccida, is Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
To soften hearts grown cold, found wild only in swamps and very CAPE BRETON& STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbury
To point the way to right and truth, wet land. This variety is by no means PRINCE EDWARDSLINE for H
Forsook in days of old so common in cultivation as it should and Charlottetown.
be. The flowers are very delicate, ISLAND....
There are no flowers like the old flow. looking like lace, light lemon yellow in
color and borne in lavish profusion.Summer Excursion
Across the Great Divide; The only objection we know is thexcursion T ckets
We'll greet them when we meet them fact that the flowers are so very deli-
Old friends on the other side. cate that they do not last quite twen- to all Bummer Resorts will b placed on sale September 80th.
-Annice Bodey Calland, in Park's ty-four hours opening at 4 or 5 p. m.
Floral Magazine. and closing about noon the next day. The LANT SYSTEIM *s theml us im rueds wiL" Throfch 5ei .Cuer
TSEMres tos the smer ess9
iael. The Call (Btchardia). WESTERN NORTH CAROUNA and
On this subject we wrote at consid- California is leading the world in THE MOUNTAINS OF VIRGINIA.
erable length nearly a year ago; see Callas of late years. Immense fields
Florida Agriculturist of August 2, 1899. are planted to Callas and both the For formation as to rates, sleeping-car services reervatons, etc, write to
For plants to which a label can be at- corms and the cut flowers are commer- L. POWEs s gent, DeLand, Fla.
tached. as a tree or large shrub, noth- cially of great value to the growers. F. M. OLLY. Dir lAeon PULMan r d Aent.
ing is better than the strips of zinc If Southern California is congenial to 188 Wet Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
there described. But for small plants the Calla, why not Florida? Heat, STUART B. KNOTT, Vice-President, W. B. DNHALM, Gen. Supt,,
and bulbs where a stake is necessary, moisture and fertility characterize the Savannah, GO. SavannahGa O.
we are using hard pine stakes coated "Land of Flowers," and specially is the B. W. WRENN. Passeager Traffic Man atvanah, Ga.
with oil and white lead and the name semi-aquatic nature of the Calla well
fitted to Florida where lakes, bayous,
written, with a very soft pencil, before rivers and waterways abound. corms were potted last September in iLmon Verben.
the paint It dry Bear on heavily and In September their growth begins. gllfn sietd earthtn jalh The f9il wR 1 In Park's Floml Magazine we find
make a wide mark. These names can This is the season for planting Callas. old decomposed dairy soil, leaf mold following a
be ad much more eily than the Where winters are severe, this flower and silver sand. The corms were set the following account of this very old-
be read much more easily than those is strictly of hot house growth. Its midway in the pots and covered to the fashioned shrub. It has almost disap-
on the zinc label, and will not need to bloom time is from the last of January brim. Soaked in water the pots were peared from cultivation, but it may be
be renewed more than once in three till Easter and some later. Lent and set in partial shade for several weeks, possible to awaken a new interest in it
or four years. Easter are beautifully supplied with being watered every day. The fall possible to awaken a new interest in it:
flowers when the Calla has been judi- rains saved the trouble of watering ev- "Aloysia citriodora, the Lemon Ver-
ciously cultivated. Given half a chance cry day, but later in the fall, about bana, is a shrub bearing, delightfully
ohnaw. it will bloom grandly. And although November, when set in the east win- scented leaves, the fragrance being the
Every flower lover knows the Canna, not a Lily, is yet by common consent dow, Gold Dust soap suds applied ev- chief attraction. Complaints of failure
or as it was called when first intro- classed as such. "Calla Lily" is a fa- cry day, advanced the growth, and be-
duced the "Indian Shot plant." Prob- miliar term, by the best informed per- fore there was a bud to be seen every in its culture are common, but they are
ably nearly all of our readers have seen sons. The spathe is the ornamental one that came in remarked the beauty all chiefly due to the character of the
the improved varieties, feature, the true flowers being crowd- of the Callas, three feet high, each leaf soil, which should not be close and
The varieties first cultivated grew ed around the spadix in the centre. The on large strong stems and all of thetenacious but open and porous. A
vy tali, frep nur to six est high, tfcam-whitf, utiaR -smett, wid# espg richcat grcn. Gold Dust oan snds tenacious, but open and
under ordinary circumstances, and if spathe is lovely, and the spadix, like from the kitchen and dining room was compost of tutfy loam, manure and
conditions were very favorable eight to a sceptre of gold, standing firmly in the reserved every day for the Callas. They sharp sand in equal parts, well drained,
ten feet was not uncommon. foreground, the spathe like a scroll of had their roots thoroughly drenched will produce a strong thrifty growth,
In 1884 there was introduced from vellum for background, makes the with it, and the leaves bathed and composed almost o
France a dwarf form with larger flow- Calla unlike any other flower. sponged so no dust or smoks marred even a soil composed almost o
ers. The class is usually known as The resting time of the corms is from their upper or under surfaces. pure sand, if kept well supplied with
Crozy Cannas. June till September. The more en- Easter morning dawned upon two moisture, will excite a vigorous
Still later Luther Burbank, of Cali- tirely dry, dormant and inactive they "Calla Lilies" that together numbered growth. Partial shade and plenty of
fornia, produced a number of new va- are during the summer months, the fifteen large, beautiful blooms. The pot room should be given. If a bed is
rieties by crossing our native variety, more rapidly they grow and the more unglazed pots were set into Japanese shaded from the
Canna flaccida, on some of the improved freely they bloom. Bedded, in cli. jardinieres and the two graced the prepared in a place shaded rom the
forms. The flowers of these new rari- mates below frost line, or potted for chancel of Trinity church. Among an midday sun, and the plants bedded out
eties were of such enormous size that the hot house or window, the main line enchanting collection of rarely beauti- in summer, or if set in large pots of
they created a great sensation, and of culture is the same. Rich soil, thor- ful flowers, exquisitely arranged, these sandy soil and these plunged in such a
plants of the first ones sent out Aus- ough drainage and regular supply of two Callas were conspicuous for chaste bed laint
tria and Italia, were sold at fabulous moisture the Calla must have. There and elegant beauty. The California ex-bed there wl be no need of complaint
prices. Since then the number of the is far more danger in not enough than perts do not cut the blooms. They about a weak growth. In winter, how-
large flowered varieties has been in- in too much water. Unlike the ma- gently, but firmly, draw the base of the ever, the plant should not be expected
creased by the sending out of "new jority of plants, a constantly wet soil bloom stem from the corm, giving each to grow or even hold its foliage. It is
seedlings each year until the list is a keeps the growth at a maximum. The bloom its own full length of stem. deciduous and must remain in a semi-
very long one. Unfortunately suffici- drainage must always be free and un- Blooming does not exhaust the corms,deciduous and must remain in a semi
ent care has not been used in sending obstructed. Stagnant moisture is deli- as forcing does the Holland bulbs. dormant, leafless condition for several
out these new varieties to be sure they terious to all plants, the Calla as well. Given a full summer of total rest and weeks, to thrive in summer. The plants
were really distinct, and the result is Even where climate admits of open inactivity, these same corms of last are easily propagated from young, half-
that in quite a number of cases the air, water-side growth, specimen year will be started on a similar career
only sure way of distinguishing be- plants, for special occasions are hand- tor igo10-go1. They are larger and haedona Bhoota. Propagation from
tween some of them is by reading the some, much to be desired and withal more capable than they were a year seeds is uncertain, and not to be rec-
name on the label. easily obtained. Two large healthy ago. Mrs. G. T. Drennan. ommended. Native of Chili."










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 40M


flapple Whbre.
It has been claimed that in both its
wild and cultivated forms the pineap-
ple yields fibres which, when spun, sur-
pe?? the sntainasd frsm thi idak l flua
in strength, fineness and lustre.
It has been stated that a certain
quantity of the fibre prepared at Singa-
pore tested against an equal quantity
of flax sustained 350 pounds, while the
latter could not bear more than 26o
pounds. Another advantage held to be
peculiar to pineapple fibre is imper-
viousness to moisture. Ropes made of it
are thus said to withstand constant im-
mersion in water; and for the same
reason and its non-liability to rot it is
used in India for threading necklaces.
As to the characteristics that render
it readily adaptable for textile purposes
it has been observed by one writer on
the subject that the mere process of
bleaching suffices to destroy the adhe-
sion between the bundles of fibres, and
S so renders it fit for spinning in the
same way as flax. It has been confi-
dently asserted that *he fibre can bc
employed as a substitute for silk, and as
a material for mixing with wool and
cotton, as silk is now so extensively
employed. For sewing thread, twist,
trimmings, laces, curtains and the like,
its particular qualities seem to render
it specially applicable.
From the pineapple of the Philip-
pines a famous cloth is manufactured,
much esteemed for its fine hair-like
fibres, but this is considered as per-
haps belonging to a different species.
Reference has also been made to a
plantation ustabliched yrnsas g at
Singapore by a -Chinaman, who there
prepared pineapple fibre for export to
his native country to be used 'in the
manufacture of linen."-Textile World.

Corn lertili ers.
The U. S. Department of Agriculture
has recently issued a bulletin on corn
culture in the South, from which we ex-
tract the following in reference to fer-
tilizers for the crop:
When for any reason the land can
not-be made fertile by the growing of
legumes, barnyard manure is next in
?! 2 fs rnihirngb the n~assear hu-
mus and nitrogen, though it should or-
dinarily be supplemented with potash
and phosphoric acid. Barnyard ma-
nure varies so widely in composition
that no exact value can be assigned to
it, nor can any definite rule be made
as to the amounts which should be used
on different soils. Ordinarily its great-
est value is in its humus-making ca-
pacity, and this is especially true in the
South, where it is seldom kept under
cover and where the soluble potash and
phosphoric acid are largely leached out
and the nitrogen lost in the air before
the manur ia spread on the land- This
loss of fertilizing elements can be large-
ly avoided by hauling the manure to the
field as fast as it is made, but that is not
always practicable. If barnyard ma-
nure alone is used as a fertilizer there
is little danger that the application will
be too heavy. Ordinarily it is better to
apply it broadcast before plowing, and
it is better to give a part of the field a
heavy dress once every few years than
to make a very light application over
the whole every year. If the manure
is fresh and coarse, full of cornstalks.
straw and other rubbish, it should e
used on clay rather than on sandy soils.
while if fine and well rotted it will be
more effective on the lighter soils.
Less than twenty wagonloads per acre
will not often produce marked results.
and if fifty loads per acre are available
they can be used with profit. The
manure will be much more effective if
from 1oo to 2oo pounds per acre of acid
phosphate is mixed with it when it is
hauled to the field, and, at planting, the
same weight of kainit or one-fourth as
much muriate of potash should be used
under the seed.
When neither green manuring nor
barnyard manure is available, cotto--
seed, cotton seed meal, potash salts and
phosphates must be used. the qnanti-
ties and proportions varying with the
character of the soil. The necessary
supply of nitrogen can be secured most
economically from either cotton seed
or cotton seed meal, the former being
better for heavy, clay soils, while the
latter is more effective on light, sandy
lands. Nominally one pound of the
meal has a fertilizing value equal to
that of two and one-half pounds ot
seed, but their relative effects may vary
widely from those proportions. The


seed furnishes a much larger amount
of humus than does meal containing an
equal amount of plant food, and so is
more effective on soils which have not
recently been Ifrtiliicd with ve tgqtj
matter. The whole seed makes a
heavy soil lighter, looser and mote
easily worked, while meal has the con-
trary effect. The whole seed is more
lasting in its effects than is meal, a con-
siderable part of it not being exhaust-
ed before the end of the second season.
The common practice of wetting the
seed and allowing it to heat sufficiently
to kill the germ before using it is
wholly unnecessary when it is used as
a fertilizer for corn, as it is used so
early in the season th4t nearly all of it
we'll be killed in the ground, ad even
if a few seeds should germinate, the
young plants will be killed by the first
cultivation and will decay so quickly
that nothing will be lost. When the
whole seed is used, from twenty-five to
fifty bushels per acre is a fair applica-
tion.
Cotton seed meal is better than the
whole seed for use on light soils. It
makes such soils more compact, and
thus less easily affected by drought,
which is often an important item on
the soils of the pine woods and Gulf
region. It decays and becomes avail-
able for plant food very quickly, and
nearly all of its fertilizing value will
have been exhausted by the end of the
growing season. From 2oo to 4oo
pounds per acre may be used to ad-
vantage, and, like the seed, it should
be supplemented by the addition of
poush and phosphofic acia. Wnen the
larger amount is to be used, especially
on soils which are very light, it is bet-
ter to use it in two applications, the
first being made in the drill just before
the corn is planted, and the other at the
time of the last cultivation, when peas
should be planted between the rows.
The best general rule is to use whole
seed on heavy soils and for lasting ef-
fects, and meal on light soils and for
quick results.
Corn has a comparatively long pe-
riod of growth, covering that part of
the year when decomposition goes on
awits rapidly in the aoil For this res-
son it itilizes to best advantage the
slow-acting nitrogenous fertilizers, such
as green manures, barnyard manure.
cotton seed, cotton seed meal, etc.
Potash can be best secured as kainit
or as muriate of potash. The actual
potash in each appears to be equally
available and valuable, so the choice
between the two will depend on their
relative prices. As a ton of the muri-
ate contains four times as much pot-
ash as a ton of kainit, the consumer
can afford to pay, including freight,
four times as much for it. When
freight formal any large paft f f age eL-
pense, the muriate is usually the cheap-
er form. Cotton hull ashes are worth
more than twice as much as kainit, as
they contain nearly double the amount
of potash in addition to nearly 9 per
cent. of phosphoric acid, and are the
more economical fertilizer when they
can be bought for double the price of
kainit. The amount of potash needed
varies greatly for different localities.
and no definite rule for its use can be
formulated. In the work of the Louisi-
ana Station it has rarely proved neces-
sary or profitable. Th Midsissippi
Station found it more beneficial than
phosphoric acid on upland lime soils.
and -equally necessary in the coast
region, while in the pine woods region
of the State it produced little or no ef-
fect. At the Alabama Station its ef-
fects have been uncertain, apparently
producing a marked increase in the
crop at some times and being wholly
ineffective at others. At the Georgia
Station it has also been very uncertain
in its action, though more often bene-
ficial. Results of experimental work
in South Carolina and Florida have
been exceedingly variable, while at the
Kentucky Station potash has uniformly
given good returns. In all of the
Southern States it has been impossible
to make reliable predictions as to the
effects of potash on untried soils,
though there is no doubt that less is
needed on fresh land than on that
which has been long in cultivation, and
that it is more effective on lime soils
than elsewhere.
Phosphoric acid can usually be se-
cured in form of acid phosphate at less
cost than in any other form. The field
tests made at all the Southern stations
indicate its need on all soils excepting


perhaps those which are very rich in
lime. On strong lime soils its effects
are not certain, and it is not as uniform-
ly profitable as when used on the pine
W888 ~id 5 53t sili. When used oni
a soil colored red by iron a large part
of the phosphoric acid soon combines
with the iron and becomes insoluble
and inert. For that reason it is more
effective when used on a soil rich in
humus, and before it is spread upon
the land it is better to mix it with the
manure, cotton seed, or meal than with
the kainit or muriate. From 200 to 300
pounds per acre is a fair amount for
use.
As has already been stated, there can
be no definite and invariable rule in re-
gard to either the composition or
amounts of fertilizers which should be
used for corn, as both must be regu-
lated by the natural character of the
soil on which they are to be used and
by the previous treatment of the land.
W. C. Stubbs, of the Louisiana Station,
says: "The crying need of th9 hills
and bottom lands of Louisiana is nitro-
gen, and this has its best effects when
combined with phosphoric acid. Upon
the bluff lands we find that the reverse
is true; that the crying want is phos-
phoric acid, and the best results are se-
cured when combined with small
amounts of nitrogen." E. R. Lloyd.
of the Mississippi Station, says: "I
recommend 250 pounds each of cotton
seed meal and kainit per acre, applied
in the drill. If used broadcast double
those amounts should be used. I pre-
fer a good rich compost to either.' -
rv. Liggar, ot the Alabamat College
Station, recommends the use of coarse
manure and cotton seed under corn,
supplementing the cotton seed with
acid phosphate. The results of several
years' work at the Georgia Station in-
dicate that a fertilizer for corn, on the
average soils of Middle Georgia, should
contain phosphoric acid, potash and ni-
trogen in about the following propor-
tions:
Available phosphoric acid, 7.00 per
cent.; potash, 1.3o per cent.; nitrogen,
3.40 per cent.
These proportions would be furnished
br ths feioins mniotrs
Acid phosphate. 1,ooo pounds: muriate
of potash. 55 pounds; cotton meal, 1,ooo
pounds; total, 2,055 pounds.
The muriate of potash may be re-
placed by 2oo pounds of kainit.
J. S. Newman, of the South Carolina
Station. recommends cotton seed meal
and acid phosphate in equal quantities,
using 400 pounds of the mixture in the
drill.
Most commercial fertilizers absorb
moisture from the air so quickly that it
is difficult to distribute them satisfac-
torily by the use of any machine. Prob-
ably the beat implement for the purpoic
is a cotton planter with an agitator
which will prevent the fertilizer from
clogging or becoming banked against
the sides of the feed box. By the use
of such an implement the amount dis-
tributed can be regulated very accurate-
ly, and the fertilizer is placed below the
seed bed and is so well mixed with the
soil that there is no danger that it will
burn the tender rootlets of the young
plants. When such an implement is not
available very good work can be done
by fastening a section of a horn or even
a tia sputt in ;iae orner 4f the hbet-
tom of a stout bag which is filled with
fertilizer and slung over the shoulder.
The opening in the lower end of the
horn must be of such size that it will
not clog and that the flow of fertilizer
may be easily regulated by the hand.
A little practice will enable the worik-
man to distribute the fertilizer as even-
ly as is necessary. It is easy to esti-
mate the part of an acre occupied by
two rows, and from that the workman
will soon learn to gauge his distribu-
tion. If the fertilizer is distributed by
hand the drill should first be opened
by a small plow, the fertilizer then dis-
tributed, and if the planting is to be
done with a planter it may follow at
once. hut if the corn is to be dropped
and covered by hand it is better to fol-
low the distributor with a bull-tongue
plow to mix the fertilizer with a few
inches of the surrounding soil.
THE LAST DITCH.
"It may seem like bragging," said the
Englishman. throwing down his news-
paper in disgust, "but if the Boer war
was being fought out on the sea there
would be a different story to tell."-
Philadelphia North American.


Young at Eighty-Five.

A VERMONT FARMER LEARNS THE
SECRET OF HEALTH.

& serious Aeidents uffered Without
Permanent Injury Beause Hs sys-..
tam was 8trogly Fortle.

To be hale and hearty at the advanced
age of eighty-five years is a blessing enjoyed
by comparatively few people, and when a
person of this age is found in full possession
of his faculties and in vigorous health more
or less interest is excited and a desire aroused
to know his secret of health.
In the autumn of 1899, Mr. Isaac Eddy,
the well known owner of the Broad Brook
Farm, two miles from Brattleboro, Ver-
mont, met with a serious accident for one of
his advanced age. He fell a distance of
about eight feet and although no bones were
broken his leg was injured and became badly
swollen. He decided to try Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills for Pale People, and soon after he
bTn usnhlg them th6wtllin went eawn
and has caused no further trouble. When
asked how he came to try the pills Mr. Eddy
said:
"Several years ago I had a serious time
with scrofulous swelling of my legs. Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills were recommended to
me, and I took them with the best possible
results. I am now 85 years old. I keep thu
pills on hand and take them when I do not
teel as well as usual. I believe that this
accounts for my
present good
health and the Dr.
Williams Mod-
cine Company has
m *y m Nisllils
scesminthe=od
they are doing in
the world."
Other members
of Mr. Eddy's
- ~| s family were seen
and they were
equally emphatic
in words of praise
t1 ofai COf re. for Dr. Williams'
remedy,
Isaac Eddy is the youngest son of the late
Judge Eddy of Newfane. In 1861 he
moved to the Broad Brook Farm, where he
now lives. In both towns he has held va.i-
ous town offices, and is a good example of
the sturdy New England former of the old
stock.
411 i s elsmenis nemWsaf ie gs asw
life and richness to the blood and restore
shattered nerves are contained, in a con-
densed form, in Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for
Pale People. They were first compounded
as a prescription and used as such in general
practice by an eminent physician. So geat
was their efficacy that it was deemed wise to
place them within the reach of all. They
are now manufactured by the Dr. Williams
Medicine Company, Schenectady, N. Y., and
are sold in boxes (never in loose form by the
dozen or hundred, and the public are cau-
tioned against numerous imitations sold in
this shape) at 50 cents a box, or six boxes for
$2.50, nd may be had of all druggis or
direct by mail from Dr. Williams Medioine
company, Maniienaueuly, j 1,










grow paying croDs because they're
AEms 1 a.d s swauy9 the ues-. For
sle everywhere. Refuse substitutes
Stick to Ferry'* Seeds and prosper.
S 100 Seed Annual free. Write for It
D. N. FERRY & CO., Detroit, ick.



O0 YEARS'
EXPERIENCE







Anyone sending a sketch and description may
quickly ascertain our opinion free hetlher as
invention is probably patentable. Conimunica
tLons strictly confidential. Handbook on Patents
sent free. Oldest aency for securing patents.
Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive
special otce, without charge, in the
Scdneifie )Ituelrau
A handsomely illnstrted weekly. T^arest eir-
culation of any scientific Journal. Terms, $3 a
year four months, L old by an newsdealer.
sesa.-ad.axNowYrk
Birn isHt- Washieato A


__ I










4N THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


A CANADIAN CROQUETTE

Mademoiselle De Lalanne was in a
very gay mood that night. She was
very happy, and might therefore, have
been expected to be kind. On the con-
ttry, With a woma'I tite to the un-
expected she was filled, for the mo-
ment, with a kind of radiant malice;
an impulse to be delicately cruel
lurked behind the tender scarlet curve
of her lips and the wide innocence of
her bewildering eyes hid, very success-
fully, a merciless desire the two men
who hung on her words. Her mother
Madame de Lalanne, an elderly gen-
tlewoman of Quebec, dosed over her
knitting beside the ample hearth.
MIBlno~lseii was Wnea m a unort-
skirt of the pattern worn by country
girls. The material, however, was not
of the coarse wool of the district, but a
heavy homespun linen bleached to the
tint of cream; the bodice was of the
same stuff, with sleeves turned back
to the elbows to show arms that were
lim almost to thinee, Dut mil-
white and bewitchingly moulded. Ov-
er her shoulders was thrown carelessly
a shawl of fine silk, black but no
blacker than the silken hair above it.
On her small slim feet, one of which
kept tapping the floor, she wore shoes
of scarlet leather, These little shoes
every girl In Arcadia had heard of and
discussed with jealous admiration; but
few, indeed, even of the Grand Pre
maids had seen them, for the De La-
lannes, mindful of their past seigne-
urlal pride, maintained their aloofness
amid their changed fortunes.
Beautiful as was her face, broad-
browed, finely chiselled, white with
the warm whiteness of ivory, it was,
above all her eyes that made Marie de
Lalanne the wonder of all Arcadia.
When she turned their dark radiance
from time to time full upon her two
cavallsra both flt their hbarta pala;
fully, and each ournea with a tierce
impulse to pitch the other out the near-
est window.
The two young men upon whose pas-
sion she was playing so recklessly had
come to Grand Pre village that same
evening from opposite directions. Both
had made all baste out over the hill
to the old farmhouse by the Gasper-
eau Captain Barras, Journeying on
snow shoes from the French post at
Chignecto had arrived first, flushed
with elation at finding mademoiselle
alone-for Madame de Lalannewas
ever too sunk in old dreams to count
as a personality. Scarcely had he
bowed his devoirs over the little rest-
less white hand, which mademoiselle
was wont to use as mercilessly as her
eyes, when there came from the hunt-
ing field behind La Heve the spare
sombre-suited figure of Jean Michel
Landry de Latour, the proud and im-
poverished descendent of the De La-
tours of Port Royal and St. John.
Now, on the coming of Captain Bar-
rae, mademoiselle had not been over-
gracious. It was when De Latour ar-
rived that the caprice of gayety had
selaed upon her. What were these
encouraged suitors for, indeed, If
not to furnish amusement through the
hour of waiting before her? On the
Instant she was all gracious.
"I trust your absence from Grand
Pre has not seemed long to you as It
has to us, monsieur she murmured as
De Latour kissed her finger-tips and
shot a glance of dark disdain at Bar.
ras.
The captain's mouth grew suddenly
dry as he perceived in this changed
demeanor of his hostess an explana-
tion of the chill civility which had
greeted his own arrival. But in the
next moment those restless eyes flash-
ed upon him something that thrilled
like a caress, and straightway, remem-
bering all that he was and his rival
was not-rich handsome and in high
favor with the Governor at Quebec-
he returned the new-comer's glance
with Interest
When mademoiselle presented the
two, De Latour's curt formality was a
veled declaration of war, while the
elaborate courtesy of Barres was an
exquisite violence. And mademoi-
selle was sinfully delighted.
The burden of the conversation was
borne by Barras, who had a flow of
glittering compliment at command.
Mademoiselle dl Llanne had but to
direct the game, now with a deft turn


of phrase, now with a smile, now with
a swift look; and with such wicked
nicety of skill did she direct it that
within the half hour the air of that
peaceful chamber seemed full of
swords. At this point, however, she
kept things under curb, so that neith-
er man dared rufle the shining surface
of civility which she had spread be-
tween them. The ghostly patch of
moonlight moved across the floor till
it touched and paled the scarlet of
mademoiselle's shoes. Then, on a sud-
den, just as she opened her lips for
some sally more sweetly envenomed
than any that had gone before, the
sound of a footstep in another part of
the house caught her ear. No one else
heard it. but it was what she was
waiting 'for. er iface ofitcand, i
she sprang up.
"Excuse me, monsieur," she said,
hastily; "I have forgotten something."
And, in a breath, she was gone, clos-
ing the door behind her and leaving
the two men to stand with blank faces
staring after her.
80 they stood for a moment, then
turned to each other. De Latour spoke
first.
"Your society is distasteful to me,
Captain Barras," said he coldly.
"I can Quite imagine it monsieur!"
murmured Barras with most courteous
Intonation. "Different, I suppose,
from what you are accustomed?"
De Latour smiled grimly.
"Nevertheless," he said, "I could tol-
erate it for a short time under other
conditions. Behind yonder fir-trees
there is a level space beside the water.
where the moon shines clearly. I
could meet you there with pleasure, so
be it at once, monsieur!"
Barras's bold eyes flashed. This was
just what he wanted. Yet, for the
mere insolence of it he affected to hes-
itate.
"Your appearance is against you,
monaulcUnr" hc drwlrd. '"bkat-yJeae
are received by Mademoselle de La-
lanne, and therefore I may without
dishonor cross swords with you. His
Excellency would understand, I am
sure."
The two strode in silence, side by
side, down the crispy glittering slope,
their distorted black shadows dancing
grotesquely behind them. When they
were about a hundred paces from the
fir grove Mademoiselle de Lalanne re-
turned to the room they had so hastily
forsaken. Her face was now more
softly radiant, and the laughing mal-
ice died out of her eyes. Close at
her skirts came a tall, fair-haired, rud-
dy-eatured man, with English written
large all over him. His eyes rested for
a moment on madame's slumbering
form in her big chair then swept the
empty space with a quizzical expres-
sion.
"Your fine birds have flown, sweet-
heart," he exclaimed, with a boyish
laugh.
Mademoiselle was at the window in
time to note the direction of their
flight. At a glance she understood the
imminent results of her coquetry.
Pale with suden fear she turned and
clutched her companion's arm.
"Oh, Jack!" she cried, "they have
gone away to fight. Quick! quick!
Stop them!r
The Englishman laughed again,-but
very softly, so as not to waken mad-
ame--and looked down into her face.
He was thinking of her, of her lips,
and he only half head her words.
"Stop what?" he asked, stooping
with a swift movement to kiss her.
But she sprang back, angry and
frightened.
"Stop them, I say, Jack. They are
going to fight and perhaps they'll kill
each other; and its all my fault. I've
been very wicked. Oh, I'll go myself,"
and she darted out of the room.
At this he awoke. He caught her
before she was out of the house and
clutched her firmly.
"It's an awkward thing, sweet," he
said, to interfere between two indig-
nant gentlemen, who have the right to
disagree in their own way. But if you
say so, I'll do it. What shall I say to
them? How is it your fault?"
"Oh, stupid! Can't you see how
wicked I've been? I've made them
both think I cared for them! I've
made them furiously jealous; I was so
tired waiting for you to come! and now
if they're killed I"U never speak to
you again."


urn ur mrn-~old

Eureka Hamess Oil
may Urln i ma r loom OeW rmlrn IIsaves
.~ luwhn Sc .v~qbeI sl inm4i .~tt~

- Na~b 7 WtAUDR Oil s.


Jack Moleby's face broke into a grin are a command, monsieur," said he
of delighted comprehension, sheathing his sword. "I need no ap
"Wretch," he retorted I'll go!" anl ology from you for having obeyed
made off ndown the s" Wtifht 21 thoTa R lth,? should I wlah to hol
strdes. Throwing a hooded clo*& hld yi --ato aeeunt Q you ranta
about her, and thrusting her feet, red fulfil them to a letter."
shoes and all, Into a pair of white, fur "I thank you, monsieur, with all my
lined moccasins, mademoiselle sped heart," said Captain Jack, bowing anm
after him. biting back a smile. "And you, mon
The night was almost like full day iu sieur," he went on, turning to Barras
the little glade where the two French- "have I grace from you also for my
man faead eaeh other with swords at somewhat blundering zeal?"
the salute. The two fought In their "Mademoisell' wlaneea are my law,
vests, their coats lying on the snow said he, bowing very elaborately, "an
near by. In skill they appeared to 1e he carries them out is my ensample."
well matched, and De Latour, who had At this moment mademoiselle came
never before met any one at all his tripping from the grove the hood o
equal in fence, began to conceive an her cloak half fallen back from he
unwilling respect for the coxcomb cap- hair. She came up to the English
tain. In fact he had Just by the mer- man's side, and laid her hand lightly
est hair-breadth escaped a scratch, on his arm. Upon the two swords
when, from the edge of the grove, a men she turned a smile of subjugat
voice of sharp authority rang out, ing sweetness.
"Halt!" and Calptain Jack's tall figure "With all my heart I thank you
appeared suddenly beside them. gentlemen," she said, "for your gra
With instant and Instinctive obe- clous courtesy in yielding to mj
dience both men sprang back and wishes. Let us-go back to the house
dropped their points, then, In the next and I will ask you to take a glass ol
second both turned indignantly upon wine with me to the long continuance
the Intruder, of friendship between two such gal
"Who are you, sir?" demanded De lant gentlemen as I well know yoi
Latour, curtly. both to be."
"And by what right, If I may ask, Both men stood bowing each with
do yon interfere with our pastime?" his hand on his heart, and eich boll.
inquired waFRsM. IM68 IawiPaty Iu WB e I1 or ,na
Captain Jack, who was more em- small fingers on the Rngli4hmrnn'
barrassed than he eared to show, chose sleeve. There was a brief pause, dur.
to answer the Itter question. ing which mademoiselle flushed faint.
"By no right, gentlemen," he replied ly, and her eyelids fluttered down
heartily, "and I beg to apologize in the Then she went on steadily,-
fullest manner I know, too. I owe you "'And let me present to you, Cap
satisfaction gfor my abruptness, and, tain Barras, and to you; Momsieur De
of course. I am quite ready to afford it Latour, my dear friend Captain Mole
to you both If you demand it. But I by, of the English garrison at Halifax
beg you rather to accept my apology." It is my prayer, gentlemen, that when
"We will discuss that later on," said your flag and his are again at war, a
De Latour in tones of ice; "and mean- is like to be soon, he may not find any
while, Captain Barras, with your con. such swords as yours opposed to his
sent, we will resume." for he is my betrothed. I commend
But before the blades could cross him to your good will."
again the Englishman stepped forward The two Frenchmen met each oth.
sharply, his own sword half drawn. her's eyes with a glance of mutual comr
"Really, gentlemen," he began, in a prehension, murmured some inarticu.
voice of mastery, "I must insist that late compliments and id their discom
you stop fighting. No more of It, I future in the final bitterness of per
say!" and his blood began to get hot. emitting Captain Jack to help them o
Then he remembered that he would with their coats.
certainly not be fulfilling Marie's It was one of the triumphs of Cap_
wishes if he should himself kill one, tain Jack, Moleby's careers that he
or perhaps both, of these impetuous did not smile.-Chamber's Journal.
and infatuated Frenchmen; and the
thought gave him pause. He consid- OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
ered the situation very awkward a- For 20 years Dr J. Newton Hath
togetherFor y Dr. Newton
together away has so successfully treated
But now Jack oleby had an inspl. chronic diseases that he is acknowled-
ration. He would try diplomacy. Re- ed today to stand at the head of wle
placing his sword and relapsing into rofessio n in this line. His excladisv
his customary large good humor, he profession in this line. His exclusive
his customary lage good huo method of treatment for Varicocele
smiled genially upon the sowling and stricture without the aid of knife
see, eee, e or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
"You see, gentlemen, I hated to di cases. In the treatment of los of
turb you but I had to do as I was Vital forces, Nevous Disorders, Kid-
commanded. Mademoiselle de Lalan- Paraly
ne sent me with positive orders to ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly
stop the fight at any cost. In my stu. sis Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
stop the ght at any cost. In my st tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
pidity I thought I might have to fight tarrh and Diseas eeuliar to women
you both, in order to obey her. But e is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
I should have known, as soon as I away's practice Is more than double
saw the courtly gentlemen that you that of any other specialist. Caser
were that my one effective weapon pronounced hopeless by other phyal-
be the expression of her wishes. She clans, rapidly yield to his treatment.
simply implores you, if her happiness Write him to-day fully about your ase.
is of any concern to you, that you will He makes no charge for consultation
do each other no injury. She be- or advice, either at his office or by
speeches you to put your quarrel, what maiL J. Newton Hathaway, M. D. 2
ever it may be, forever by, without Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.
which promise she declares that she
will live in ceaseless anxiety, I think The International Publishing Com-
gentlemen, from my observation of her pany of Philadelphia and Chicago, have
solicitude in this matter, that one or just published a new and interesting
the other of you must be honored by Ife of D. L. Moody. Also, "War in Af-
a very distinguishing place in her re- rica" and many other elegant and use-
gard." ful books. The best terms to agents.
Each, on hearing these sagacious Apply to I. Morgan, Kisslmmee, State
words, concleved himself to be the one agent for Florida.
so honored. Into De Latour's cold eyes
came a gleam of elation. Sharple's Cream Separators-Profit-
"Mademoiselle de Lalanne's wishes ab16 Dalying.


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THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 4M


1LOIDIANJA.

A large male bear, weighing over 2oo
pow~ud #we killed on the 14th ult in
the field of Hon. John W. Tompkins,
five miles west of (own. The beast was
started from the Okefenokee swamp.
twenty miles north, and run by succes-
sive packs of dogs to the point where
he was killed.-Lake City Reporter.
W. W. Chapman on Wednesday re-
ceived a new and improved brick ma-
chine, which has been put up on his
yards. This machine will materially
add to the capacity of the works, and
when operations are resumed the out-
put will be much larger than hereto-
fore.-Lake Butler Bulletin.
At W, Williams & Son's turpentine
still down the river on the LaFayette
side on Sunday last one of their hands,
a negro going by the name of Jim
Green was shot and instantly killed by
an unknown negro tramp. They had
been gambling.-Branford Cor. Su-
wannee Democrat.
Monday, about I o'clock p. m., the
body of Bob Spencer, colored, was
found dead in the warehouse of Capt.
R. A. Shine, between University Li-
brary and the Chinese laundry. How
long he had been dead, or what he died
of, can only be surmisacd The condi-
tion of the body indicated that he had
died of hemorrhage of the lungs, and
that life had been extinct for several
days. It is declared by several parties
that he was seen on Monroe street Sat-
urday, and one party says he saw him
Sunday morning, but thos.. -hho han-
'dled the body declare the latter must
be a mistake.-Tallahasseean.
The agent of the Rittenhouse Moore
Dredging Co., who are now completing
a dredging contract at Tampa, an-
nounce that the company will probably
commence the work of widening the
channel at the entrance of Pensacola
harbor about August ist. When this
work is commenced it will be rapidly
pushed forward till completed.-Pensa-
cola Press.
A storm, accompanied with much
hail, passed over a section of land a
few miles north of this place Sunday
evening, about 6 o'clock, blowing down
trees and doing severe damage to
crops. It was only about a half mile
in width, and extended but a few miles.
The hail nearly ruined the corn blades,
splitting them so badly that they are
unfit for fodder.-Chaires Cor. T.-U. &
C.
The cattle schooners Wave and Lily
White arrived in port yesterday from
Cardenas. They report that the
schooner Concepcion left there about
ten days ago and has not been heard
from since. There has been no bad
weather in the Gulf since she left Car-
denas, and her absence cannot be ac-
counted for. She should have reached
here the early part of last week.-Key
West Inter-Ocean.
We learn through the Telegraph that
the Board of County Commissioners
granted a petition last week creating a
new election district from parts of the
Hampton Starke and Pine Hill dis-
tricts. The new district will be known
as District No. 9, and Sampson City
will be the voting place. It has seven-
ty-five or eighty registered voters who
have heretofore been placed to a good
deal of inconvenience i reaching their
respective polling places.-Lake Butlef
Bulletin.
We were so fortunate this week as to
be allowed to read the class poem of
this year's graduating class of Yale
University. The poem is in blank
verse and is the production of Mr.
Kenneth Bruce, the son of Hon. Wal-
lace Bruce, president of our Florid$
Chautauqua. The poem, which was
shown us by Mr. Colver, is a beautiful
piece of imagery in which President
Arthur Hadley, of Yale, is cleverly por-
trayed as King Arthur and the students
at Yale represent his Knights of the
Round Table.-DeFuniak Herald.
The West Coast Naval Stores Com-
pany has inaugurated the Pensacola
and Geneva Steamship. Line, and the
first steamer is expected to arrive next
week with a cargo of naval stores for
the above company. The steamers of
this line will make weekly trips be-
tween Geneva, Ala., and Pensacola,
stopping at all intermediate points for
freight and passengers. They will load
and discharge cargoes at the Baylen
street whar This is the second line
of steamers recently brought to this


port through the efforts of the West
Coast Naval Stores Company, .both of
which will be of incalculable benefit to
Pensacola.-Pensacola Press.
Harmon Grey, a prosperous and in-
telligent young farmer, aged 31 years,
a resident of Wakulla county, was shot
and instantly killed by a negro turpen-
tine hand named Dan Richardson.
Early in the evening Richardson had
robbed Mr. Grey's dwelling, and when
this was discovered, Grey and two
friends started in pursuit of the robber.
They followed him several miles into
Leon county, where the negro took
refuge in a shanty. As Mr. Grey was
passing the shanty the negro put the
gun through a crack in the wall, and
shot Mr. Grey, who fell dead in his
tracks.-Tallahassee Cor. Pensacola
Press.
Col. Newton Hanson, of Ft. Ogden,
has bought a sawmill from W. M.
Towles at Bartow, and has moved it to
Ft. Myers. The Colonel and Dr. Han-
son own some fine timbered lands near
Fort Myers. There is a great demand
for lumber, as there are many people
employed in clearing and fencing land
to set out orange trees and pineapples.
In a few years, if there is no disastrous
freeze, the Big Prairie will be dotted
all over with orange, grapefruit and
pineapple groves. The hammocks
throughout the prairie are very rich,
and orange trees grow rapidly.
This community was very much
shocked Sunday by the tragic death of
Mr. Peden Vinson. His body was
found at Conant about 4 p. m. by Dr.
O. E. Worcester, as he was passing
near the depot. The shot was fired
about II a. m., but no suspicion was
aroused by it at the time. When found
he was in a sitting posture, with a pis-
tol in his hand a bullet hole in his right
temple. It was evidently suicide, and
was so decided when an inquest was
held. He was quite young and of good
character, and had lived in this place
since a child. His brother and sister at
Center Hill were sent for, and the
funeral took place Monday afternoon.
The interment will be at the family
burial round near Lake Griffin.-Lady
Lake Cor. T.-U. & C.
All the necessary arrangements for
the encampment of a battalion of com-
panies of the First regiment at St. Au-
gustine for ten days have been com-
pleted, and camp will be broken Wed-
nesday morning on the fort reservation
within the city limits of St. Augustine.
The site is a beautiful spot, overlook-
ing the mouth of the Matanzas river,
and but a short distance from the
ocean. The entire reservation is cov-
ered with Bermuda grass, and a more
beautiful spot could hardly have been
selected. The drill grounds for battal-
ion drill, guard mount and dress pa-
rade are in close proximity to the
camp, and a long walk through the
broiling sun will not be necessary.-St.
Augustine Evening Record.
The Meffert Mill Company is run-
ning its mill steadily now, all bands and
new machinery of the big plant having
been thoroughly adjusted. The men
for the most part work by piece work.
This way is proving to be more satis-
factory to the employed and the em-
ployer. Mr. Meffert's success in this
section reads like a chapter of romance.
A few years ago he came from the
North to Florida as a common laborer.
By constant push and a firm belief that
Florida was a good State in which to
invest, he has made thousands of dol-
lars, and invested in various enter-
prises, every one of which is yielding
him a handsome income. On his
farms of hundreds of acres, at his lime
kilns and sawmills, he employs several
hundred people, and he pays good
prices for all the work he has done.-
Martin Cor. T.-U. & C.
Mr. Robert Ransom, assisted by Cap-
tain F. J. Howatt, is engaged staking
off the camp grounds. The company
streets are being laid out on the north
side of the fort. The mess sheds and
kitchens will be erected close to the
sea wall and will extend from the fort
hill to the fence north of the green.
The company streets will run east and
west, extending from the mess sheds

west to Water street. The street for
company officers will extend across the
west end of the company streets from
the fort hill to the north fence bound-
ary. The field officers' tents will be lo-
cated in the rear of the company of-
ficers' street. The formation of com-


NERVES DESTROYED BY CATARRH.


Mr. olbert B. aatell, the Great BKmatle Aeter.
Dr. Hartman, Columbus, Ohio: Mrs. C. C. miller, of 134M South Fourth
Dear Sir-The bottle of Pe-rn-na at street, Columbus, O, writes: "For ten
hand. It is splendid and most invig- or fifteen years I have been subject to
orating; refreshing to the nerves and nervous dyspepsia. I would have spells
brain. It is one of the best tonics have of quivering in my stomach,with smoth-
everused. It makesmefeellike anew ering feelings. I was suffering from
man. Yours sincerely, R. B. Mantell. what is called nervous prostration. I
Catarrh is one of the ways in which a consulted several physicians, who
depressed condition of the nervous sye- treated me without doing me any good.
tm shows itself. oatarral people ae I had almost given up in despair when
soonmadenervous. Any remedy to effect I heard of Pe-ru-na. I found it an im-
a radical cure of chronic catarrh must mediate relief to all my disagreeable
operate directly through the nerves, in- symptoms." Dr. Hartman's latest book
vigorating the mucous circulation, sent free. Address Columbus, Ohio

Dany streets has been changed from a
double te a singe row o tents, wah ch
economizes space. Water facilities
will give but little trouble, as pipes tot
which connections can be made are. l-n D 1 7
ready on the ground.- St. Augustined and 'L
Evening Record.l

Other's a story of a farmer and his
son driving a load to market Of the
team they were driving one was a
steady reliabt e old gray." marethe othomely A O
er a fractious, balky black horse. on r ou o|]
the way the wagon was stalled and T a nal
the black horse sulked and refused to T, shru r, Trees?
pull. "What'll we do father?" said We have a fine lot of Orange, Grape
the younger man. "Well," said the
father, "I guess we'll have to lay the Fruit and Kumquat trees.
gad on the old gray." That homely ALSO
compliment to women: "The gray A general line of fruit and nut trees,
mare's the better horse" suggests how roses, shrubbery, etc.
often when there's an extra strain to
be borne it is lain on the woman's Low pri i t prepaid Let
back. How often she breaks down at us mail you a catalogue.
last under the added weight of some Summit Nurseries
"last straw." Women who are drag- Monticello. Fla.
going along wearily through life can
gain real strength by the use of Dr. THE U. I. LVB STOCK REMBDY T
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. Itproved most effient in preventig and
puts back in concentrated form the eming Ho and Olhcken Cholera and
strength-making material which work- ured disease It 1 also a ne con-
ing women use up more rapidly than edition powder. Se are increasing. I
it can be restored by Nature in the or- on I ln
dinary processes of nourishment and your dealer don't keep it we will mail
rest. Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets are it to you on receipt of price 5c per '
universal favorites with women be- lb. Uberal discount to dealers ISAAC
cause they are easy to take and thor- MORGAN. Agnit Kisimme e. 3 lU
roughly effective in curing the conse-
quences of constipation. leaving an enormous petroleum lake.
FThe sacred fires of India have not
At the sacred village of Totari all been extinguished. The most an-
about 40 miles from Tinnevelly, India, cient which still exists was conse-
there Is one of the most wonderful nt- crated twelve centuries ago in com-
ural curiosities in the world. It is an memortion of the voyage made by the
oil well containing inexiaasntile quan- Pareees when they emigrated from
titles of the llqui&d The well or spring Persia to India. There Is fed five
is situated within the celebrated tem- time every two hours with sandal
ple of Narayan, sid to be about the wood and other fragrant materials,
largest sacred edifice in India. At combined with very dry fuel.
Baku, in the southeastern part of Cau-
casia, there are also wonderful oil Pain-Killer, as an internal remedy,
wells that spout petroleum high in the Jhas no equal in cases of colic, summer
air. In September, 1886 a well tapped complaint, dyspepsia, and rheumatism.
in the ordinary manner began to spout It is the best liniment in the world.
with such extraordinary force that it Its action is like magic, when applied
deluged the whole district. For eight to bad sores, burns, scalds and sprains.
days the overflow continued, finally For the sick headache, and toothache,
reaching an output of 11,000 tons. An- dent fail to try it. Avoid substitutes,
other fountain broke out in March, there is but one Pain-Killer, Perry
1887, and rose to a height of 350 feet, Davis'. Price 25c and 50c.







4u THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


vY


HOlW TO GET A TON OF FERTILIZE


L.J FOR $2.00 .


io,ooo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST within the next six months.
Every Thirtieth person remitting $2.oo for a year's subscription will be given an order for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired .. ...

HOW TO DO IT.

Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. 0. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for one
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
"""" ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
S.......................... 900 multiple of 30, as 60, 90, 300, etc., you can order a
flessrs. E. O. PAINTER & CO., ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist, Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
DeLand, Fla. ist at the regular price of $2 per year and have one
Gentlemen-Please find-enclosed $2.00 for one year's sub- e of.i
scription to the Florida Agriculturist to begin at once. It chance n 30 of getmnga tonof gh grade fertilizer-
is understood that should the number of my receipt be 30 beside. This may be YOUR opportunity.
nor on multi le of that numb er-Ia I d ..f


oray "p" e o a niu can orll er a ton otU any
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. cars at Jacksonville, Fla., without further expense
| to me.
Shipping Point............. .......... ...... ......... ...
Freight Depot...............................................
P. O. Address............... ......... ............. .
Note-Ifthe station to which the fertilizer is to be shipped is a
"prepav." amount of frM.ght must be forwarded with instructions.


E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers,


DE LAND,


- -- FLORIDA.


A High-Grade Fertilizer

MUST HAVE-----


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"THE IDTi AT," BRAANDS--

I4-0Hto HAVE THESE.4 !"ah
Then why pay $35_00 and S40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly hifhgrade, r.elilbl fertilizer aI tBg fs)lswingpDicr


IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE................. $30.00 per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE ................ $30.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $3.oo per ton


IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... .$7.oo per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... 28.oo per ton
SPECIAL MIXTURE No. ................. $28.oo per ton
CORN FERTILIZER.................... ....ao.oo per ton


All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .I7ZR COMPANY,

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Pig's Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $ 18.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano, The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, 144.00 per too.


II I I I


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77 11, ,f ,


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.. -----


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