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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00029
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: July 18, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00029
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text

































Vol. XXVII, No. 29. Whole No. 1381. DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, July 18, 1900. $2 per Annum, in Advance


We have. received
Agricultural with compliments of
College president iDr. W. F.
YuToun. tile annual
catalogue of Florida Agricultural col-
lege. This institution offers to the
youth of Florida splendid opportuni-
ties for acquiring knowledge. S~lpecially
in the lines of mechanics and agricul-
ture. The enrollment. of the college
tills year was -.i5, eiiiDrnaclng stludentlt
from twenty-eight of the counties of
the State; from'Georgia, Ohio. Califor-
nia. Cuba and Central America. 'un-
der the management of Dr. Yoculm, til.
State Agricultural college 's rapiidly de-
veloping into one of the most promin-
ent and thorough educational institutes
of tllo soutll.

Floridians should 1ear
Expreiment in mind that the ilor-
.tation Ida Experimental Sta-
tion was estaillUhedl
and is operated for their special beni-
fit. We feel unite certain linlr'thlr 1;-
rector of the station has manifested his-
willingness to co-operate with the farm-
ers of the State in any work that will
tend to tile ipbulldling of aigr'uilture
Since the orange industry in the Norith-
Southern portion of the qtate has sulf.-
fered so severely from the freezes. thrl
station has been of great value to our
p1oiflc in disrmeinnting informl'iii l Ir -
lative to the diversification of crops. For
many years in southern Florida the en-
tire attention of our people was given
to a single crop.-the orange. Tlih
promise of this crop was so tlntteriing
the profit seemed so large and so co(.-
tain, that while many appreciated thll,
error of putting all tlhe eggs in one has-
ket they could not well blame the Iwo-
ple for devoting their lonirgy :ind c(ip-
ital to a crop that seemed to lie so
promising. But now that the orange
has in a measure taken a back sent. it
is essential to the future prosperity and
well being of the orange section of
Plorida and thie people uho inhabit 1:,
to devote their attention to orlwir (rop'.o
They are practically plowiig in a new
field as their efforts were heretofore,
directed in one channel and lhey are
ignorant of the possibilities of the soil
and climate of their state. As before
said the Experimental station has done
a great deal to assist them in determ-
ining the crops likely to be successful
and prove profitable, and we are cer-
lain they will give any other as.sistance
in their power.

One of the finest and
What Is the most thoroughly
Reason equipped sugar mills
In the country. locna-
ted on tile I)sstan Sugar farm at St.
Cloud in the Kissimmee valley, has re-
cently been sold for perhaps less than
ten per cent of its original cost, to a
junk dealer. It is likely that the fine
machinery, which is said to lie in per-
fect order, will bring the price paid lby
the junk dealer as scrap iron.
Why this plantation, and the fine
plant located upon it. are not operated.
remains somneihing of a ily.iistry to tile
uninformed-and we are nearly all in
this class. The land is the most fer-
tile in the world, and we understand


that when it was cultivated the crops
were fairly satisfactory. Perhaps the
Suigal, trust could give us sollmo infolr'iin-
1u o11n tills sulbjert: Wfly lI it, if
cane growing and sugar making inl
Florida is profitable the most fertile
land in the state, admirably prepared
for the business, and upon which is lo-
cated a modern up to date plant for tile
lilmainf:aetlro of the raw iin tpri.'il into
tile tinishel product, remains idl alnd
unused? We wish Capr. iose. who is
the fountain head of information on .,ll
matters pertaining to enane growing anid
sugar making in Florida. would give
our readers some information on titis
subject, if lie can.

We are more than
The Peach glad to see such a rap-
Business id development in thll
peach growing induns-
try in South Florida. Really this is no
new industry with us. as many years
;i o somlii of our orlnng Irowxer. pllni-
ed out large orchards. They were either
unfortunate 1i the selection of their
varieties, or else the weather clerk was
uulllll llaly luniund, as tlh t'lwa afln tlhe
fruit met with tie same fate that be-
fel the orange trees in later years-
they were destroyed by cold. During
the past few years, since the orange
tinltlutiry 1 liu o01n ilan ta stnte otf dor-
imancy, many large orchards have been
planted in the orange belt. The grow-
Sr.s hlve s1-electeil those varieties thali
are not so likely to suffer froln the ef-
fects of cold. and tile result is inore
certainn crops. Of course. as nothing
in this life is certain except death and
taxes, they meet with losses occlason-
ally. but the crop under the present
y)-atitim ;'eViil. fairly certain.

The old time oraclir
Getting in grower is slowly b ll
Line. surely getting the -is-
ions of abnormal pr'-
'co' for the products of Ills sorl out of
his head. In the long ago he counted
on realizing thousands of dollars per
acre from his orange groves. Later on.
after lie had marketed a few crops hei
reduced his estimate so as to count by
hundreds. When his orange groves
ceased to yield crops it was the hard-
est work in the world for himi to re'-
oncile himself to crops the returns from
which would nverntsro anything iindor'
tlle amount lie Ilal looked forward, to
from his orange trees.
Now, however, he is beginning to
realize that lie can be happy and con-
tented on much less. He is beginning
to compare the profits of his Florida-
grown crops with the pri~e roalizetl
from the crops grown whle he farln-
ed in other sections of the country, and
as he does this he finds that he is not
so bad off after all, and is in a mieas-
ure satisfied with his present condi-
tion.

About Sine time inliiieiiioi-
Fodder. al, at any rate since
oder The cultivation of co(rn
In 1iorlda, and in fact in tile enulre
South, it has been the custom of tihe
frugal farmer to pull his fodder. There
is no question as to the fodder being


excellent forage but of late years it has
lenll delllllls'rated that tile leaves
pulled froll the stalks reduces the
weight of tie corn in tile ear anti ex-
hausts to a great extent the fertility of
the soil. Then. too, it has been shown
that it is easier and cheaper to harvest
erab grass hay than it is to pull and
curl fodder. Ill a recent editorial the
editorr of the Southern Cultivator and
I)iXie Farlle'r on tills suliject says:
We know the power of habit. You
have always pulled fodder, therefore
you wish to pull fodder again. You
have always fed fodder, there you
wi-sh to feed fodder again. In fact
you do not exactly see how you can get
along without fodder. Well. what
othet' folli lliv do0l0 wily WIthl p1a-
tience, may not you. Others have fed
horses and mules on hay and found
them to do just as well as when fed
on fodder.
In fact. fodiler is only one kind of
hay-a very convenient kind. too. to
hIluill to fccd will But it ir a vcrY
c-tlly kind of ha. It is the most cost-
ly kind of liny you can find. The hay
il;lmade froll shredding the whole corn-
sialk is jus.it il good ais the fodder iand
very inuclh cheaper.
Ilcllemember it costs money or hard la-
bor or both to pull and cure and sav-e
fodder. It also injures the corn to pul!
tlle fotddltt'. l Th-e IlmWelit yol l stril off
the fodder blades all food-making pro-
cesses for finislinig the grain stops.
HITene thile corn Is made lighter.
This ts ino true when you cut the
st1:lk. IThe roots geit through their
work sooner ilihan the blades do. So
whenlu you wait eight or ten days later
than youi would pull fodder and then
cut the whole stalk you do not injure
(ior sini the fillinit- out of the grain.
This can and does continue some days
if the blades are on the stalks.
Again. renileini er yon do not lose the
fodder by not pulling it. It is just as
good for food cured on tlie stalk. You
g;lill tie stalk and several blades of
fodder and lliolls of tile shuck by c(ut-
ting and shredding your corn. You will
have tlhrle or four times as much hay
an1l just as good hay. You cannot af-
ford to lose so much that you have al-
readly Illade.
We continue to repeat this advice
because we know many will hesitate to
Pluit pulling fodder. Many will be slow
to change hi''cause they have no shred-
ding iii iiihn .'.
So we urge our farmer friends to be-
gin in time to study over this question
and make arrangements for shredding
their corn.

The chief aim of life.
Chief Aim of is happiness, and it is
Life. this strife for happi-
ness that causes us to
toil from early morn to dewy eve. Coln-
tentlient is an essential element to hap-
piness. and without it the great desid-
eratumn cannot he attained. While it
Must be prestuned that every man inl
Florida is striving for this "cleif end",
that may fail of attainment must hb
i'contllietl for lty (1Il rfat tflht thllty go
about the work in the wrong way. Tlhe
accuiuilation of wealth may bring
contentment and happiness, but it does


not always follow as a matter of
course. If the physical man is muti-
lated in the-struggle for wealth, and if
his moral lire is warped and Ils nner
sensibilities clouded, the end desired to
be accomplished, even if the effort is
successful, does not justify the means
employed. And after all the result will
be a disappointment, for without
health contentment and happiness is
non-existent.
The day we trust is not far distant
when every man in Florida who tills
the soil will be able to sit under his
vine and fig tree, and while lstening to
the madrigal of the mocking birds veiw
with a feeling of perfect contentment
the flourishing crops on his broad and
Wuil -lc0td fop nRe. Cropa that have
been carefully planted in the proper
season and cultivated and fertilized
in the manner that years of experience
has taught will yield the best results;
crops that will fill his barns with sup-
plies for his family and his flocks, and
other that can be marketed n a nroflt
and the proceeil stored away agalmt a
rainy day; crops that are adapted to
the soil and climate, and not at the mer.
cy of the fickle weather clerk; crops
that can be grown in but few other
sections of the country and hence put
the planter in he position of monopo-
list or a trust;crops and crops-not one
-rop o1 two croia but a diversity of
crops, so many different kinds, in fact,
that if one fails others will keep the
pot boiling and not spoil the arumers
feeling of contenment.
This is not an itdescent dream, at
least we hope it is not, but at any rate
when these conditions exists the chief
aim of life will have been attained by
thrle Florida planter.

A reader asks if the
Growing chufa has ever been
Chufas successfully grown in
Florida and if it is
considered a valuable crop, We have
known several very file crops of chu-
fas to be grown, but do not Know if
they are considered of especial value.
We would be pleased to have some of
our people who have cultivated the chu-
fa to give our subscribers the benefit of
their experience.
A correspondent of the Southern Cul-
tivator writing on the chufa says:
"There is only one kind of chufas.
Thie yiold per acre hans ne.-vr bLen a t
tied, and never will be. So much de-
pends on the soil and culture that it is
impossible to ascertain the exact yield
that can be produced. We have had
them anywhere from 50 to 1000 bush-
els per acre. The weight of a bushel
depends upon how they are cleaned and
dried. They should weigh 48 pounds.
"A sandy loam is the best soil, and
stable manure is best, about four tons
per acre.
"Commercial fertilizers should con-
rain about three per cent ammonia, 10
per cent. phosphoric acid, and three per
cent potash. Six hundred to 1,000
pounds per acre should lie used.
"The soil should be plowed very
tlwlp nnd pulverized very 111e by going
over several times with, plow and cul-
tilvator. The rows should be three
feet apart and the chufas put eighteen


_ ____~~ ~~_ ____ ___~ I








444 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


inches in drills. Stir often and keep
all grass and weeds out.
"They will not keep in bulk. but
must be washed and dried and kept in
small parcels, or in bags holding one
bushel each and not allowed to touch.
Klip dry and they will hovo for -vars.
"The most economical way of gath-
ering and keeping them is to turn the
hogs in and let them do the gathering.
Any other method of harvesting is slow
and tedious and expensive.
"The matter of harvesting is the
great drawback to the chufa, commer-
cially, as there is no economical way of
harvesting. We quit growing them be-
cause it cost to much to harvest the
crop.'
Second Crop Beed.
In a recent issue of the Practical
fiff(f ipR "periurlnc tDool" waa dtl
voted to a discussion of the question,
"How have you found the second crop
Irish potatoes grown for seed in the
South to compare with the Northern
grown seed?" The subject is of course
one of the greatest importance to the
South, because its solution must deter-
mine whether the potato growers of the
South should raise their seed at home
or import from the North. And the
discussion is very timely just now, be,
cause some of the experiment stations
in the South that have made partial
tests of the two kinds of seed have de-
cided in favor of Northern grown seed.
To the quc-tfoii Aur!littd tis.S W91?
five replies. Two of them were from
professional potato growers one each
in North Carolina, Arkansas, Texas and
Tennessee. The other one was a lady
in North Carolina, who had come from
the North herself, and had more to say
as to the relative eating qualities of
Northern and Southern grown potatoes
than about the relative value of the two
kinds of seed.
Mrs W, I, Ki-stt, sf Libsrty, N, C,
says that he has been for four years
growing potatoes for the home market.
He commenced planting with Maine
grown seed, but after a fair trial of
them, he began to use the second crop
Southern grown seed and had contin-
ued it It is his deliberate conclusion
that the latter are better than the form-
er in many res ects- He thinks that
the fact that they mature late and pass
through no hot weather, and not in the
Least sprouted makes them the more
vigorous and consequently they send up
more vigorous stalks and grow off
faster, and yield more per acre than the
others.
He also thinks the potatoes are
smoother and freer from scab and less
liable to disease of any kind. Mr. Kiv-
ett's conclusion from his own experi-
ence is that it is foolish for Southern
farmers to send thousands of dellsrs
away for potato seed, when they can
get better at home.
Another matter referred to by Mr.
Kivett is of interest, and his practice
says that as soon as his first crop of
potatoes is dug, he prepares the land
well and sows it to cowpeas mixed with
Kaffir corn or German millet, to plant
the second crop Of course taking off
such a crop between the two crops of
potatoes necessarily implies that it must
be very rich land, heavily manured. But
that is a matter of course, since it would
be foolish to think of trying to grow
potatoes on any other part of the land.
The writer of the letter from Arkan-
sas says he is only a boy, but that he
has helped his father to grow their po-
tato crop for several years and has very
decided opinions as to the relative mer-
its of the two kinds of seed. This boy,
in the decisiveness of his conclusions
and the terseness of expressing himself,
sets an example that other farmers' sons
would do well to follow. Starting out
in this vigorous fashion, there is no
doubt whatever that he will make farm-
ing a great success when he gets at it
on his own account. The reasons for
preferring the home grown seed, he
gives as follows:
First, we are sure to get seed that is
genuine. Second, the home raised will
get started to growing while the North-
ern seed is held back by our changeable
springs. Third, the vines have more vi-
tality to withstand our hot, dry sum-
fRFs, afla (1te8 o9lauglts of Fil p1O8at8
bugs. Fourth, they will make larger
tubers and just as many of them. If
you will select your seed from the best
Shaped and sized potatoes for each suc-


cessive crop you will soon have a stock
to be proud of.
The reasonable conclusions from these
letters, as well as from the consensus
of opinion among the Southern potato
growers as evidenced by their general
practice, in that for the icrd for an early
crop in the South, the second crop
Southern seed are the best. Still, the
truth is what is wanted; the potato crop
is one of great importance, and if any
of our readers have anything to say
from their experience, we shall be glad
to publish it.-Tri-State Farmer.

Proper Shoeing Necessary.
To do justice to the horse, and make
him perfect gaited, you have first to
learn why his gait is not pure, for no
horse will interfere, forge, cross-fire or
mblehs h1at a is prfssi in ssstr::ti'"
and kept that way, and by thus assist-
ing him you will not only do him jus-
tice, but yourself as well, writes a prac-
tical shoer in the Horseshoers' Journal.
I am free to admit that we need more
education in this line. My delight is to
relieve any poor, crippled horse that is
brought to my shop, and I take pride in
so doing. When the horse shows symp-
toms of lameness he should be taken to
the shop at once, so as to be relieved of
his trouble. This the shoer may do by
properly preparing the foot and fitting
the shoes best adapted to the nature of
the disease. If the work is done in a
lkilful fmaner the laintenea will tooln
disappear, and the horse will travel
with greater ease and freedom. I am
speaking from practical knowledge, and
feel free to speak. I feel confident in
saying that nine-tenths of the lameness
is caused by the neglect on the part of
those who have charge of the horse in
not keeping him properly shod. When
the horse roams the prairies in his nat-
ural condition nature provides him with
the necessary moisture to nourish his
feet, and when used by his owner he is
driven on the soft and muddy roads and
but little attention is required so far as
his feet are concerned. Now, mark the
change when the colt is brought into
our large cities and driven over hard
and slippery pavements, and shod by an
unskilful man, and the feet neglected
by those in charge. The result is that
they become hard, dry and eventuaiiy
the animal becomes lame from one of
the diseases to which the foot is sub-
ject. Having to see many cases of this
kind, I am led to believe that if the
groom would pay more attention to
horses' feet there would be less lame
horses. It is an admitted fact that the
country is on the verge of evolution in
the horse-shoeing business. Depression
in the winter's trade is partly due to so
many men letting their horses stand too
long in the barn without enough exer-
cise to wear out the shoes. In time the
wall of the foot grows over the shoe.
When spring comes and the owner
wants to take a drive in the park he
finds his horse lame. The heels have
become contracted, toes grow out too
long, and the shoe is resting heavily
and pinching on the sole or sensitive
part, thereby causing corns. I am led to
believe that corns come on the horse's
foot just as they do on the human foot-
by a pinch, a bruise or a bad fitting
shoe, and the best way to cure them is
by letting them alone, only putting them
in shape where nothing can bear on
them. I find more corns where high
heels and toe calks are used than low
calks or flat shoes. A shoe set on so as
to press upon the sole or quarter, or one
that has been on too long, so that the
wails have overgrown until the heel
rests upon the sole or bars, then it be-
comes a direct cause of corns. Upotn
removing the shoes you will find five
out of eight worn off at the heel, and
perhaps more on one side than on the
other. The feet of the horse, like the
foundation of a building, are the support
of the whole body, and the superstruc-
ture raised on a bad foundation must
fall; so the horse with bad feet must
sooner or later stumble and come down
and become useless to his owner. In the
state of nature the bones of the foot are
so nicely adjusted and balanced by the
tendons and ligaments of the limb that
there is no unequal strain brought upon
any part, but &a^i asists In AtutaiRnng
the others. In like manner raising or
lowering inner or outer quarter would
produce a lateral strain, and I cannot
help but believe a callous was first


WN NCHESTE


FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SH LS

S"ewRIva, Leader," u "Reafer ",
Insist upon having them, take no others and you will get the bestshells that money can buy.
ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
SV W r v. rW rr V w w v. v v *- -w w


SEED SEED! .
e

Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gaines-
S !! vt ( p)UaKiS!!], Flr I Gfi nlOw ulruF prciul iniluntoimentl to pur-
chasers of Seed Oats, Seed Potatoes, Velvet Beans, etc.


I HAVE

P'-800 POUNDS-

ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE SEED
READY FOR DELIVERY.


AJ.1fo5a aill r-as a3inan miui;as to
P. F. WILSON, Jacksonville, Florida.


MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
m u a 6e6e Passenger Serrice.
Floi da To male cloie connec-
Flo~rida ( SIO 33 tionswith steamers leave
New York T Jacksonville (Union de-
pot) Thursdays :15 a. m.,
g1ii 1v, &, P.. yly-jzr Fs7&a_-
dins 1:30 p. i.. via cum-
delphia & berland steamer; meals
l e, route. or "all rail" via
BostonB Plant System at 7:45 p. m.,
Boston oar. Brunswick 11:;0 p. m.
C passengers on arrival go-
From Brunswick direct to lug directly aboard steam
New York. er.
PROPOSED SAILINGS for July. 1900.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK. GA.. DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
NIXIDA eY .OLLOWtN
S. S. NUECES................. ........................Friday, July 6.
S. RIO GRANDE.. ................... ........ .... Friday, July 13.
S. S. COLORADO ...................... ...............Friday, July 20
S. S. RIO GRAND ..... ................................. Friday, July 20.
For lowest rates, reservations and full information apply to
BASIL GILL,
220 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
H. H. Raymond, Agent, Fernandina, Fla.
C. H. Mallory & Co., General Agents, Pier 2 E. R., New York.


formed, and as the shoe remained on horse is lame or not), the shoer should
and the horse traveled it irritated it all use some means to expand the foot, and
the more, so that in time it became a by so doing you will prevent the forma-
deep-seated corn. In order to treat a tion of the side bones. The operation
diseased foot by shoeing, the shoer must of paring out the foot as a matter which
in the firat plaic unduratand th$s nitiirs rseairea Bkth k in" ?l d labor connected
of the disease; also the cause. After he with good judgment, when properly per-
thoroughly understands these he may be formed. It would be impossible to
successful in his treatment. As soon as frame any rule applying to the paring
contraction is observed (whether the out of all horses' feet, for in a horse







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 445


ALDoes
this illus-
n trate your




UA R ried for
O^HAIR fear you
are soon to be bald ?
Then cease worry-
ing, for help is at
hand. You need
something that will
put new life into the
hair bulbs.
You
n e e d
need
a hair
food, H&Ir


S- Vor

It brings health to
the hair, and the fall-
in ceases.
It always restores
color to gray hair.
You need not look at
thirty as if you were
fifty, for your gray
hair may have again
all the dark, rich color
of youth.
S1.0e abettle. AH lrugtl
"I ame barber by trade and have
had a great deal to do with your
Hair Vigor. I have found that it
will do everything that you claim
for it. It has given me the most
complete satlsiction in my busl-
ne." HmRv J. GEOtOE,,
March A, s. Kanasm City, Mo.
ninc the osfse.
If yo do not obtain all the benefits
ou epe from the sf the
w, n ite the Doetor about it.
Addreu. Di. J. C. AYvR,
Lowell. Mas.



with upright feet and high heels horn
grows very abundantly, while in horses
with flat feet and low heels horn grows
sparingly, and the toes of such feet are
turn be varied to meet the degree of
deviation from what may be called a
perfect foot.
8traberry Culture.
Next to the picking season the early
summer in the buasiet time with the
strawberry grower. Thorough, though
shallow cultivation, should now be giv-
en. It Is not only better, but really
-heaper to stir the msol after every
rain. Constant culture answers three
separate purposes, all highly impor-
tant. It kills the weeds and grass effec-
tively and inexpensively. It lessens
evaporation and consumer moisture to
an astonishing degree. It renders the
soil pervious to the atmosphere, a
necessary condition of thrifty plant
An experiment very easily made
will convince the most skeptical of the
fact that good cultivation pays, and
pays well. Select two rows or more
If desired. Let the soil and general
condition be the same at the start. Cul-
tivate one frequently, fining the soil
after every packing rain. Cultivate
-or rather work, for work is the word
when cultivation has been delayed and
grass gets hold-at intervals of a
month. The difference in the condi-
tion of the rows which receive the
good and bad cultivation will be a con-
vincing argument. This will be most
marked, especially if a drouth super-
venes. It will begin to manifest it-


self before five days are over, and be- vantage, even in these latitudes to
come greater as the weeks pass. Nor shave off the grass and weeds through
in the end will any money be saved in the summer, not stirring the ground at
cultivation. For one "working" will all, and leaving all trash to lie where
cost as much as three cultivations. it grew, to keep the ground cool. If
The word "working"' as applied to this is done, the plants will live
crop cultivation always impresses me through the summer, and the real stir-
like the word "works" when applied to ring of the soil may begin when the
1I: 21t-S'" ", p',-" fE gRON *TIM, ravf Msaannm -ildl nandl tim aeIMa & -in
words bring before the mind's eye be so subdued that cultivation will be
something lengthy and tedious-some- easy.
thing that has been delved and sweat- Then, too, most of our growers plant
ed over, and, after all, oftener than close and cultivate with wheel hoes,
not found futile, wheel-cultivators, etc., scarcely using
But, to return to the subject at hand. a horse at all.-Farmer and Fruit
The proper implement to cultivate Grower.
strawberries are a small-tooth horse
cultivator and a light hand hoe. Two
furrows with the cultivator should al- Necessity of Good Beed.
ways be run in the middle. Go down For the past ten years Florida has
one side of the row, plowing as even- For the past te years Florida has
ly near the plants as is safe. About done much to show what could and
six inches is the proper distance from should be done. Finding that the trade
young plants Then come up on the could not be forced into taking what-
other ide, doing likewise, ever might be produced, it was deter-
Following the cultivator should mined to grow as nearly as possible a
coe te hand hoes stivr th sold tobacco similar both in appearance and
in between the plants and other sots quality to that grown on the islands of
not reared y n the plnow. Stirrg Sumatra and Cuba. To do this the best
not soil by means by the plow Stirring seed obtainable was secured from these
the soil by means of tie cultivator islands, and, as far as practicable, their
so much cheaper and quicker than by islands, and, as far as practicable, their
hand hoes is the reason that careful methods of cultivation harvesting, fer-
plowing as close to the plants as is meeting and manipulation were em-
safe should always be given. It en- played. How well these efforts have
tables you to to select just the right succeeded may be judged from the fact
time to cultivate the plants- the that Florida fillers, when well cured and
time when the soil and weather are at baled, bring today as high as 45 cents
the best. per pound, while wrappers bring from
It is surprising how quickly and 50 cents to $2 per pound, according to
cheaply cultivation can be done when tyle and quality.
done often. Only when delayed does This applies to the Cuban variety. So
it become terrible, much as the man's far as the production of the Sumatra
annual hair-combing, which was ter- type of tobacco in Florida is concerned,
rible simply because it was annual, there is equal assurance of success. Un-
Nevertheless, the strawberry can questionably bales of that type of tobac-
stand more neglect than almost any co have been grown and packed that the
crop that grows. Many a grower al- best experts could not distinguish from
ways allows grass to possess his the imported goods, and some of this,
strawberry fields till about August 1. grown under shade, has been sold for
Then making a desperate onset he $4 per pound. Of course these bales
plows, digs, grubs, pulls, tears and contain tobacco that has been selected
and totes grass till his patience and with great care, each leaf being perfect.
his time are exhausted. If the season Two pounds of such tobacco would
is favorable he gets a fair crop of in- wrap 1,ooo cigars, all "first," and equal
ferior berries. But if timely rain with- to those wrapped with imported goods.
holds, his plants, weak in vitality, This shows that when we offer to the
dwindle and pass into nothingness, or trade the proper goods it is willing to
its equivalent as far as profit is con- pay for them. We have much yet to
cerned. learn, as the per cent. of this finer grade
Old strawberry rows which it is de- of wrapper has been very small com-
sired to continue in bearing should,as pared with the quantity grown, thus
soon as the crop is off, be sided by a causing the selection and classification
turning plow, leaving as narrow a of tobacco to be very expensive, as it
strip as is practical to get a good requires the asserting of a large quan-
stand. On this strip left chop out the tity in order to obtain a very small per-
plants with hoes, leaving the plants centage of desirable wrapper leaf. How-
a foot to eighteen inches apart, as ever, as before stated, we have met with
the soil is weak or strong, and the va- sufficient success to warrant the belief
riety a weak or strong grower and run- that in the near future we will produce
ner maker. A little later split out the a leaf that will take the place of the im-
middle with turning plow, throwing ported Sumatra. What may seem
the earth back to. but not on, the strange regarding the Florida grown
plants. A good time to apply fertili- Sumatra is that from the same crop we
zer is in the furrow on each side of are able to obtain light spotted leaves
the row before the earth is thrown that are identical with the imported
back. Cotton-seed meal at tie rate of Sumatra, also light unspotted leaves
500 to 800 pounds to the acre is good that closely resemble the finest type of
for summer use. Being fairly rich in wrapper grown on the island of Cuba,
ammonia, it induces a stead but not each possessing the rich grain and gen-
too sudden and tender growth, eral appearance of the imported goods.
This plowing done, the old bed or eral appearance of the imported goods.
field should be cultivated just as above All this is written relative to Florida
given for 'a young field. If practicable in order to show that a high price can
it ]i best to mow the old plant loosen only be obtained when we offer to the
up the mulch and while dry burn all trade a tobacco which resembles and
together before the rows are sided. will, in a great measure, take the place
This burning effectually destroyed all of the goods imported from Cuba and
parasites and dissgote spores, and does Sumatra. Undoubtedly Florida is grad.
the plants no harm. In a short while ually approaching this condition. It is a
they sprout up brighter, greener, fact that during the past two years
stronger than ever. much of the tobacco grown in all parts
Cultivation should continue as late of the State has had no ready sale, and
in the season as grasa grows. It is our many of the growers have become dih-
rule to give the last cultivation about courage. This, however, is due to the
August 15. ,ifter that the soil is fact that the growers are inexperienced
stirred no more until the berries are as to the culture, harvesting and gen-
gathbred the following p'ri.gr put eral care nece-sary for the produg irq o
all weeds and grass are carefully 'fine tobacco.
scraped out with hand hoes till the From the foregoing statements it can
mulch is applied a few weeks before From the foregoing statements it can
ripening tim e. be seen that the cigar trade, as applied
O. W. BLACKNALL. to the higher grade goods, demands the
North Carolna. quality of the Cuban tobacco and style
of the Sumatra leaf. With these fact,
before us, it is unquestionably the duty
We cannot wholly subscribe to the of each tobacco-growing section to try
above instructions. North Carolina is to produce a tobacco that will meet
far enough north to give the plants a these requirements. While we may not
distinct winter rest. But in Florida hope to entirely displace the Cubl:n fil-
they sometimes grow practically all lers, we certainly can hope to produce
winter, and then they imperatively re- a filler that will blend well with these
quire a rest in summer. If they are goods, and thus greatly reduce the
kept growing all the year round they quantity of Cuban tobacco imported into
will come to nothing. But it is an ad- this country.-Marcus F. Floyd.


Iran Panefin -
For cemetery and lawn enclosures.
All work guaranteed. Prices reasona-
Correspond with
GEO. R. NICHOLS a CO.
605 Harrison Street,
TAMPA FLORIDA


The Practical
AND SIMPLE
L BARBED WIRE
FENCE BUILDER.
PRICE $2.oo.
V. SCHMELZ,
SylvanLake, Fla.
SInst. Fair."


Dr. NHathway

Treats All Disae.

IIt Method Invariably Cures All
Catarrhal, Brnechial, Lng, Stom.
asma,5 .ir; sMdasf and 8bcr c*a-
plaints, as Well M All DIHlses
and WeakneWes of Women.
In Dr. Hathaway's most
extensive practice, cov
ering a period of more
than20years,he hasbeen
called upon to treat all
manner of diseases of
men and women and
along the whole line of
human ailments he has
been uniformly sue-
Dr. Hathaway's me-
thod of treatment gets
directly at the seat of
Prm.u.. the trouble, purifies the blood
Stones up the whole system and
the l ld. neutralizes the poisons which
produce the diseased conditions,
All DiMoaos Yearly he restores to perfect
health thousands of sufferers
Trntod. from Csatarb, Bronehltls, AS-
thma. Hay Fever, Lung Complaints, Stomach,
Liver and Kidney Diseases, Piles, Tumors, Can-
cers. Eczema and all manner of skin affections.
Dr. Hathaway also treats with
WeMnan Of the greatest success all those
Weson many distressing weaknesses and
diseases by which so many women are afflicted.
Bie* a DDr. Hathaway's offices are fitted
Eo with all the latest electrical an4
Appliamllm. other appliances, in the use ol
which, as well as the microscope, no has world-
wide fame as an expert. AU of the medicines
used by Dr. Hathaway are compounded In his
own laboratories, under his personal direction,
and special remedies are prepared for each In-
dividual case according to Its requirements.
Dr. Hathaway has prepared a
Examination serlesof self-examinatonblanks
Blanks. applying to thedlfferentdieases
which he sends free on application: No. I, for
Men; No. 2, for Women; No. for Skin Diseases;
No.4, for Catarrhal Diseases; No.5. for Kidneys.
Dr.Hathawaymakesnocharge
GConkatmt for consultation at either htis
Free. office or by mail.
J. NBWTON HATIAWAY, M. L
Dr. Hathaway C V.,
s5 Bryan Street, Savan~Ma, ta.
MaNTION THIS PAPER WaBK waB rTO.

THE-.


That wll kill
all the weeds
in your lawn.
If you keep
the weeds cut
so they do not
go to seed
and cut your
grass without
breaking the sm ae eders of roots
the grass will become thick and
weeds will disappear. Send for
catalogue.
THE CLIPPER WILL DO IT
CLIPPER LAWN MOWER CO.
Norristown, Pa.

ARTISTIC


MONUMENTS
EXECUTED IN.........
THE LATEST DESIGNS OF


MARBLE and GRANITE.







4416 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


HOVBUHOLD DIPAATMENT.

Address all communications to the
Household Department, Agriculturist,
DeLand, Fla.

A LELPFUL GOSNiR.

'Wllow furniture.
Willow furniture which is now so
widely used often becomes discolored
and dirty after a season or two's use.
It is not a very difficult task to clean
and refresh it, if the housekeeper will
take the trouble to do the work. Ail
gum and dirt should be carefully re-
moved from the articles to be cleaned
by scrubbing with a stiff brush dipped
in strong borax water. Soap will dis-
color and injure the willow. After
cleaning rinse in clear cold water and
set the chairs, settee or other pieces of
furniture in the sun to dry, when they
will look fresh and new. If too much
discolored to clean in this manner, a
coat of light colored varnish may be
applied, and will give the articles a very
pretty appearance. Eliza P. Parker.

The Baby's Hair.
Many mothers are worried because
the baby's head becomes covered with
scurf, and the following is a simple and
easy way to remove it: At night when
the baby is ready for bed, part the hair
and rub vaseline into the scalp, using
the tips of the fingers, and rubbing
gently but thoroughly all over the
parts that are affected. Put a night
cap on to save the pillow from being
soiled. Wash his head in the morning
with warm water, in which a little
borax has been dissolved, using enough
good soap to remove the grease. Rinse
with clear warm water, and comb very
gently with a fine comb. Two or three
applications will thoroughly cleanse 'he
worst encrusted scalp, and they may be
given every second night. Borax is ex*
cellent for the hair, cleansing it and
leaving it soft and silky. When the
head is clean, the washing should be
repeated once or twice a week to keep
it so and there will be no further trou-
ble. E. J. C.

Cuhions for Summer.
For cheap covers to summer sofa
cushions, says the Southern Star, the
new bandannas "from India" will rec-
ommend themselves. These novel and
modish looking squares (they measure
a yard and a quarter) make up very
effectively. A single square is large
enough to supply a cover for a cushion.
One cuts right through the square the
entire length, and this piece cut out is
folded once for the cushion proper. As
you see, it forms both the back and the
front.
The strips along the sides are left
and from these the ruffle is formed.
Oriental -colors in vivid or sombre
schemes characterizes these squares.
And the best of them is that while they
are attractive they are so cheap that
even the most frugal housekeeper will
watch their ruin with equanimity. And
that's a comfort in summer, when cush-
ions are likely to get left out in the dew
or otherwise maltreated.
We clip the following from the Prac-
tical Housewife, and think it will inter-
est Florida housewives:
Doubtless there are many housekeep-
ers who have never tried canning let-
tuce, and for them I will give the fol-
lowing recipe, which I have used for
the past five years with good success.
I pull enough lettuce to fill as many
cans as I want and then rinse it lightly
in cold water and put in the cans roots
downward, but care must be taken not
to crush the leaves or roots. Fill the
cans nearly full with lettuce, then fill
with cold water and seal, and set the
cans on the cellar bottom. For those
who like lettuce salads in the winter
this will prove a valuable recipe.

Dressy Gown Still Have Trains.
Though women are wearing short
skirts for walking, outing and the like,
dressy gowns are still made with trains.
The pretty frock, with such a generous
train, still very popular, is of a lovely
shade of silver gray in one of the new
crepe de chines, with a very silky sur-
face. The skirt has a deep flounce,


headed by narrow lines of black vel-
vet ribbon, while a similar trimming
forms a pointed belt at the back of the
waist. The bodice is arranged with re-
verse of pink satin, crossed by lines of
black velvet, and an inner vest, also of
pink satin, but with a white soutache
design. The little square at the neck
is filled in with accordion plaited pink
chiffon. A lovely toque of white rustic
straw is worn with this gown, tucked
with folds of white chiffon and trimmed
on the left side with masses of pink
roses shading to white.

Shirtwaist Pads.
The handkerchief shirtwaist seems to
be one of the "fads" of the season. It
is made of the bandana style of hand-
kerchief, whether cotton or silk. Some
are pretty, while some are too "loud"
to be called pretty. The neatest de-
signs have the borders used only as
trimming for yoke, collar, and tops of
sleeves, with the narrow front plait also
made of the border.
The bandana tie is usually worn with
this style of waist. Perhaps some home
dressmakers may be glad to learn of the
factory method of finishing shirtwaists.
The collars and cuffs are starched stiff
and ironed before being sewed to the
waist, as we usually do at home, there-
by mussing the rest of the waist. When
ironed, a thin knife blade is used to
separate the edges of cuff and collar,
which, of course, had had its raw edges
turned in and basted securely before
starching, and it is then basted to the
sleeve or waist and quickly and easily
stitched in place with two rows of
stitching.
Some of the prettiest white waists are
made with nearly the whole of the
fronts of all-over embroidery. These
waists are usually made of Victoria lawn
and have the backs tucked lengthwise
with from four to twelve tucks.
Other white waists have fronts oi
tucks alternating with rows of insert-
ing of embroidery. Many of these
waists have plain sleeves, finished at
the hand with a ruffle of embroidery
or edged with lace.

Here and There.
Tomatoes and corn are about the
only vegetables the average housekeep-
er thinks of canning, says an exchange.
Peas and asparagus can be put up in
exactly the same fashion, only do it
while they are at their best. Can peas
that are young and tender; if they are
even a little hard they will be of poor
quality when canned. Reject, also, all
but about three inches of the tender
ends of the asparagus.
Children often get grass stains on
their clothing. To remove these, moist-
en with alcohol, or rub moistened
cream of tartar on them. Scorch can
be taken out of clothes by dipping in
soap solution and bleaching in the sun.
To make the soap solution, shave the
cake of soap into a dish and pour in
sufficient boiling water to dissolve it so
that it will be thick like jelly.
If when you are baking anything the
oven gets too hot, put in a basin of
cold water instead of leaving the door
open. This cools the oven, and the
steam arising from the water prevents
the contents from burning.
Neuralgia may often be speedily re-
lieved by applying a cloth saturated
with essence of peppermint to the seat
of pain.
To clean linoleum without washing.
remove all dust. then take a bit of flan-
nel sprinkled with paraffine and rub the
linoleum. It will not only make it ap-
pear like new, but will preserve it.
The ordinary way to mix the mustard
with water, tempering it with a little
flour for a mustard plaster is simply
abominable. No water should be used,
but mix the mustard with the white of
an egg and the result will be a plaster
which will draw perfectly, but will not
produce a blister. The prepared must-
ard leaves that can now be purchased
cheaply save much time and trouble.
To wash colored stockings, make a
strong lather of soap and soft water as
hot as the hands can bear. After wash-
ing the stockings rinse in cold water,
with a little salt thrown in to prevent
the colors running. It is very neces-
sary to wring as much water out as
possible, and then wring again in a dry
towel. The stocking must be dried im-
mediately in the wind or before a fire,


as long, cold drying is sure to make the 1.91 BUYS A $3.50.SUIT
colors run. Soap must not be rubbed
on them. as this stains them. r TAbiiSSa ULIIaSoUW -
The application of a bit of soap on W cer s KNa Pars ernT AT a1.9s.
the point of a lead pencil to a creaky, ill I T l EVm ISFAWtSCTS lUl
hinge will cure its stiffness and silence' a rOn. o hOEy te a.
ts complaint. i argeor small forage and we will send you
Iii cutthmlon he suit by eixres, C.0.D. subject to ex-
In making shirtwaists cut them long asuit byi er C.a .. ai ijt to our
enough so that the second or third sea- wepra o e na tr rroua p.rrseLyrItSe
son, when they get out of style for shirt- Ls I t. ryore.pre. agent our sltel
waists the waist gathers and belt may o weS IS E eIsTtpis amor esboa
be ripped out and off and you have a or age s. a.riloSm isti.
neat little dressing sacque for hot latet 1 se atsi.. ., ai--s ha- a
mornings. | e '. 'h nea't, ndsome patts.e
A small sponge saturated with oil of ame italian lining, .po'n ,bs iels" ,9
lavender and hung near the bed, or a s.ei own, iStwmu=b, assets sc
handkerchief moistened and laid near n &r of s.r_.___Ma Sob S .to
ar t -, I wfIIes, eore ftt WB ook N6 e0o81111sl =oG
the invalid's couch will be found an plateI tapemeasureandfullinstruetionsbowtoonler.
efficient aid in driving away intrusive Cpis ent ree on appli ton." Addr P ,,
flies. SARS, ROEBUCK & CO. (Inc.), ChIag, IL
An effective cement for mending assaA *a ims-1a r.)-
cracks in a stove or oven is made by
using wood ashes and salt in equal Westcrn Poultry Farm,
quantities mixed with water to a paste.
This soon hardens with the heat. mak- MARSHALL, MO.
ing a surface almost as firm as the or- 4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c-
iginal. It tells how to make poultry raising
If Mason's jars are opened five min- profitable. It Is up to date. 24 pages.
utes after they are sealed and filled to Send to day. We sell best liquid lice kill-
tli riii ih hot frit there will noer for 75 ets per gallon. Aluminum leg
te rin ith hot fruit there will be no band for poultry, 1 dos., 20 ots; 2 for 30
mold or empty spaces at the top. To cts- so for 60 eta; 100 for 51.
sweenten musty or fruit-tainted cans
leave them several days filled with dry SEND UMUE
earth, then empty, wash in cold water _. cm NO E.MUn
and thoroughly dry before replacing the 3 CO M, *w a
covers. i .- send to nUS ute your
Do not throw away a sponge because Le number inches aroun
it appears to be good for nothing. we rwil s.ndahi
\ery often old sponges can be made to a ,u at us Ca" to
be as good as new. Make a strong e e
iuds witl hot water and soap. disnolv. s u. noast
ing in it a small handful of washing on i yornarst
soda. Plunge the sponge into this and ifroa oderfenly
allow it to soak for some time, then atcisfactor, ex-
knead and rub it until perfectly clean. and ies IT
Rinse in very hot water, then in tepid VAVrllf t.
water until every particle of soap has ,of oayr ieax
disappeared. Lay on a clean cloth in
the sun to dry.

HOW'S THIS? s aauesitS
Wo offor One Hundred Dollars Re- Ths Circular lush Cap'e I oL
ward for any case of catarrh that can- saoti s eal PA, 0 inches lon, cut tul sweep, lined
th,'.achout with Mierl, s ithk black. biatseed.rro
not lie cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. elabo'rtely embroidered with somahe ibrat and bl
SJ. Cieyn Co.,rated. Trimmed all around with extra
'. J. C1leyne3y Co., Proprs., Toledo, fineBlack Tillbfet Pr. heavily interlined with wadding
.. g----a, *.. 5 .r l d.


We, the undersigned, have known F.
7, Cheyney for the past 15 years, and
believe himil perfectly honorable in all
husinesl trannnctiona and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by their firm.
West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists,
Toledo, Ohio.
Walding. Kinnan & Marvin, Whole-
sale Druggists, Toledo, O.
IIall's Catarrh Cure Is taken Inter-
nally, acting directly upon the blood,
and mucous surfaces of the system.
Price 7i cents per bottle. Sold Ily all
druggists. Testimonials free.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.

The fire which destroyed the im-
mense Swamp Root medi(cne plant of
Dr. Kiliner & Co., July 1, wa.s tile most
disastrous which has ever occurred in
Binghamton. However, the Kilmers
resumed business next morning
though not at the old stand, which was
a heap of smouldering ashes. While
ttlie filellen were yet pouring water
on the burning Chenango street estab-
lishment, the I.lmers were doing busi-
ness somewhere else.
That this great industry might not be
crippled for a moment, through the
courtesy of other prominent firms and
citizens, the large factory and adjoin-
ing buildings on South street were va-
cated for the bIenefit of Swamp Root
people, and possession was taken im-
llediately and here. by Slonday. July 8
this new, temporary factory will be
turning out Swamp Root, the great
Kidney Remedy, in quantities of 60.000
bottles per day, and in two or three
weeks time the full capacity of more
than four times that amount will be
produced. The immense demand for
Swamp root will thus in no way be in-
terfered with.
On the old site, with adjoining prop-
erty which has just been purchased,
will be erected immediately an abso-
lutely fire proof six-story structure
plans for which have been nearly comr
pleted.


ana fnibr ehii>nnn- Writ e !" --r e --v-
SEARS, ROE4U0K & GO.,CHICAGO
Jisars, amam thsankiy ;A
llapa-f *r.1mQa
Track. H-Iy. Coal, Cattle,
r ,. om and Countcr Scalc
I'.V tlcuar attention t o repair
SaTiantctlin Gu tra r;t ct.
JESSE MARDErI
109 8. Charles St.
3BAI.TImO3B. MI.


CANCER==PILES.
CANCER CURED WITHOUT PAIN.
NO KNIFE USED.
CURE GUARANTEED.
$1,000 for a case of Piles we can't cure.
Write for free books. Address
BELLEVIEW SANITARIUM,
ellevlew. Pi.

TRUSSES, 6ec, $1.25 AND UP



w. nt. llo ih. eMnenu Tnmram oe
at FACTORY PUCKS. 'O then onefhrd
the rica c by other and
Wstk r.eeii inal Ts=%illustrated above, cutthils
&d. out and send to Stwi th o a SPI-IAL PRiCia
state your Emelrht, Wristt, A howlong you have been
ruptured, whether Wrpiure is large or l mall; also st et
number inches arotmd the body on a line with the
rupture, say whether rupture Is on right or left side,
and we will send either truss to you with the under,
standing. ift I ri r an ct tS i eq to .re.n. a
retail at three tiaes our prlce,you can return it ad We
will return your money. a.
oItrEawes, including the New $10.00 S .LaTUE S2
Addr SEARS, ROEBUCK & CO. CHICAO




Don't Stop

taking Scottes Emulsion be-
cause Ie's warm weather.
Kcpp taking it until you ar&
curd. i
It will heal your lungs and
give you rich blood in sum-
ner as in winter. It's cod
liver oil made easy.
s0. and $ 1. All druggists.
-2e






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. *4

POVUTI '- IMAMiT. have at the beginning of winter will ia a Coast
surprise us. This system also tends to F ori E a st
Address a omkeep the flock on the place healthier.
Addre all communication to Poul- because it is smaller. It is, neverthe- TIME TABIE NO6 T. IN KIV OT JUNE 1OS.
uy Departmebtt, Box 200, DeLsd. Fl. less, much more valuable than if larger BOU (Bd Dow. (Du U) NORM IVD
and one-half roosters.
That it pays to raise summer and fall M E aWnirW'N .
LU1,. I..410 -. Ipullets there is no question, because Dail
This is a disease quite common they will lay the following season at j W .
among fowls. Even the most ski h llful A .. .t-"M ........ tn. ...... .. -
among fowls. Even the most skil the time when the spring pullets are I | ....;""::X. i T C i
poultry raiser is liable to get it in hismoulting, and so keep up the income of. t
flock by some little neglect on the part egg and e profits of the flock. Late of :"
of t b eggs and the profits of the flock. Late ISM _
of the help. It s not contagious but pullets also lay much earlier in the ... ....
nevertheless, half of some flocks suc- spring than we might naturally sup- 11 ..........
cumb to the fatal touch. Its symp- pose Last fall we hatched some pul-, ..A ..l ........I.
toms are similar to cholera, and it sslets late in August, that commenced to .... ......... '"" .
difference. While digestion is not them now has a nice brood of chick-' fI .....""
contagious, cholera is; while indiges-jens, one is setting, and several are lay- ..... *****l
t.oin is slow einn tdo is seing, cnhonle s they .... 2'"...". a
tion is slow in its Work, cholera is ing. And yet nine months ago they E4. ..k'S. ...
quick. Cholera does its deadly work in jt coming from the shell In- ....... ......
a few hours, while indigestion may last stances of this kind illustrate the possi- "
a week or more.. abilities for profit in poultry culture. An k ...... .... . ......... ...
The best symptom this disease is egg today, a pullet next month, a layer ****** ""** ......
the'nature of the droppings, which are six months later, and a mother of a I ". '".
usually quite soft and are passed often. flock of chickens long before twelve 5 ..... I
The comb turns pale and the fowl eats months have elapsed since the egg was' :' J
but little. It acts as if it were entirely laid .. .......... m.......... ......
worn out. It mopes about, gradually Truly, the way to increase the profits 1 ...... ............ ........:::::: i .
getting weaker and eating less, until it in the chicken business is to increase .. ......t ...........
dies, or is cured. Hens that are fat the number of pullets, decrease the 0 i... lip ......... Bab Soumi M
and have a limited range get this dis number of roosters, and give to the 0 ii7 ...... W n JS" .... .
ease quite often, but before it is over pullets the very best of care and atten- 4 ... p ...... ......... l ......
they will be very poor. tion. ......... ........ ......
There are several causes for this an- ... *... ......*s ......
noying disease. Hens that are too fat K pg ::A::: g. A;.::P .......::... .::: M:::::
and are over-fed will get it readily. t eeing Parlor Ohre s aTm'wa1s
Lack of exercise is one great cause, By J. R. Everett.
and improper food, or too much of the In answer to W. L. S., Rockingham, Betwoe Jaebketvll. PpMe Neas Wa .Iar.e
same kind of food is also the cause of a N. C.. will say better buy a few barrels STATIONS. No Nlo.ill l lr Of
great deal of it. Lack of grit even Ruff Rice and few pounds sulphur and a
may cause it, also lack of good pure during September and October, while Lv. Jaksonvile ....... .............
water. feed hens on rice, sulphur and charcoal Ar. Pablo Beach...................... .....
The first preventative is not to allow they are mating, for when they get a por ..... .. .... ...... ......
any of the causes to occur. Keep the good coat of feathers on them with BTATIONa 5 l
fowls exercising, feed a variety, give plenty of above feed with an occasional STA
plenty of grit and water, and do not feed of wheat bran and sour milk he L,. M ort ............................ S" ~ ...... ....
feed too much and you will not be lia- will get eggs fresh and cheap and by Pablo Beach......................... sea al 1o
ble to get the disease in your flock. Use this will not be much troubled to have Ar. Jacksonville................. .... .... *I Ot o; i
plenty of disinfectant such as air- fresh eggs by Xmas. Between lew Smyrnn san Orag etw es T-itueill sat UmbiaE.
slacked lime, carbolic acid water, white- Now, will try and tell you why eggs City Jauetiom. BATIONS -
wash and the like. If yon find the dis- winl not keep long. First, eggs that waso r slrAiTO Ts. aO& 2 1 TW .. i ---....-.....
ease is in your flock, begin at once to spoil have a living germ, and when the WEplIt Lv .hew nivrra..Ar2ip ..........-
find the cause and remove it before very temperature around the germ reaches 4OS 1 Lake 1t len. Lv I p "'"...
many of the birds get sick. up in the go's it becomes quick and be- l2l-,lAr.Orsn 'y Jot. si 4p ........... ........
The best cure we have ever tried was gins to grow so to speak, and when An trains i1ween New Smyrns and orange Al tnM lm i betw Tma d alb s e
a te. made from the white oak bark. ithe temperature runs down why this ac- City Jun.- ion daily exceeit Sunday. daMly eaet 8adry.
This is a medicine that many of our tivity in the germ ceases and becomes Steam hip Connections at M iam i
most skillful physicians use to treat hu- stagnant and sooner or later fermen- Steam ship Connection M iam i.
man beings, and it is equally as good station sets in, and then the egg is gone. KEY WEST LNB
for the birds. Make a strong tea and Now quoting from good authority I KY W T -
put half a pint in a gallon of the drink- will say that 85 per cent. of the egg is Liave Mimi unndays, Tuey. Wednesday ad oKile.... ...I.1 !=
ing water. The fowls that are affected water and the rest vegetable matter, rrive Key We Monday.Waesds, Thur 801 0Vi s 2 1s
should have a tablespoonful of the sterilized so to speak, and if the hens A e iday ay........ ...................... i .
strong tea poured down them if they are separated from the roosters so the
will not drink it. Try the remedy and egg will not be strong and becomes a HAVANA UNB. -
let us know how it succeeds in your living substance and kept in a tempera- SOUTHBOUND STEAMERS TOUCH AT KEY W8ET; NORTHBOUND BAl
flock.-P. W. H., in Journal of Agri- ture not over 6o degrees and turn them DIRECT, HAVANA TO IAMI.
culture. half over every twelve hours the eggs L.sve Miami un Lys and Wedneaday... lt
will keeo six months or until all the A.-le awnwa TernIaasB ad Pridais L

By H. B. Geer. but the yolk and it in a condensed form &triam' T 'aesnyau**.......................
T h the aft th and as sound as when first laid with Thse Tlm, raises show the times at whieb tral l may be m tart JI
The hen is the basis of profit in the higher temperature, provided the eggs roem the several actions, but thetrarrival or adsrl t as s tns i .TasL 9 I -
poultry business. The rooster cuts on ". are regularly turned, the faster the wa- toled, nor does omay y d la, -o y oi.ngm Bg
a nominal figure. Taking the fowl aster evaporates It is not turning t' wa- ..t- ... ....
the capital invested, and the egg as the te i n g Pr ow elm-Mine card addres
eggsthe capital invested, and that causes the trouble. The yolk J P. VW Dasm. t .. A.: aL. P. A.
per cent. of profit, the more laying settlee to one side of the shell whacl- 9 OSl
hens we have, the more profit will we tops up the pores in shell, thus, when 4M
derive from our poultry. Hence, the it is moved it may be left up side downI SEND U ONE LLAR
main object should be to have as many and the yolk being a solid body and cI-a..t. --a e ..is i a l o O
layers on hand all the time as we pos- heavy it breaks loose and mixes with I a S tU t s* eLi st
sibly can, and in order to do this we the water and the result is you .have j i ', T 'sAl e~u o -_aa
should have ens nd pullets f stagnant watr in an egg sphee and f ear betteia l tno o i e 'ma a





should make t our business to look af- %== 0
ous ages. Our pullets should not b not removed you will have a bad odor eag.- i 5-31-y M. o. ,1
all spring-hatched pullets. We should in the egg box. The yolk is curled up! f S OUR
have some summer hatched, tnd nome in a transparent covering and air tight 0_ __ .,
fall hatched pullets also. In eact, Gur and as long as it is kept in the cenr IKV7 uIt #asa W asas
aim should be to have some youg pul- of the white there is no danger and Am lSm
lets in the flock all the time, o as to that is easily done by placing them int &Oae SMIG iahaseaqsua~ a
pulets i thte pnuber o layers to a box and gently turning them up side IL s ta isphap b-
profitable basis. In doing this weplan tsw a mu e ii. eim>
is followeddown twice a day.the Florida Agricultur G onti N ^d
should mak e it our business to look af- -4im0..0w. nmom,* tO nds
ter the pullets with increased care and Over fdg In ie--si
to weed out the young roosters right Over feeding is less to be eared in
along. They are unprofitable and too summer when the fowls have plenty 0L ~ iU1A h
of exercise. The great danger is In fall ,, l
many of them on the place retards the onf exnere. Thenth geat laynge ad
development of the pullets. True, it is and winter when they ctbp layIng and s _
A-* t ecar n. *.o r. are kept In confinement So long a- esetiiha htm id
r@1 i .t or lilt 1eVP, an, e ls rs oJaly a
roosters. Hence we should get rid of in good laying condition. Elggs wilk. Ia
them early as possible. It certainly out shells are often a sIgn of overfeed- er"i I'J Lem sr.m i._ i mr,
does not pay to raise them to maturity Ing.-American Agriculture. "ARANTEED 25 Y9 EASL. l 111
and t6 let them hang about the place 4 01 we
to the detriment of the flock in gen- -wontam o ws&FTv
eral. It is best to watch the growth of VERY TJSDE)ULI. wo iheaethafmd e 'uo i n-
each brood, and just as soon as the "Greek doors opened nutward." masd.fi of t m uor asuMb e se
young males in it are old enough to "Is that so? I suppose the Greeks used 911EUAILITYIS ESTAB IU E A.
eat, send them to market, and give the them to knock book agents ort the front n uoteM% UAith asa*yoMu Cib& -
pullets in that particular brood more steps."--hhicago Record. awraldtiahro-tPeor. ei .wt!--
room in which to develop: If this plan ulmsaeeyi. m e V i f t o- -or hesa, aesW bed eser. 0
is followed all through the season, the Subscribe to the Florida Agrlcultur : 0 e .01ae01 is iew a ie e wi SL .S ..
number of nice pullets that we will lit. We"iu a1w ---. a. a,,, m.
rrr HrLO C _~r It-_C- -I C I








-THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


D A ACTPUTUD.I Iw when the. people will arise in
i might and cry "enough."


--.------ fle j~~a U
Entered at the ptooe at DeLad, Flor- -Lesawa ter Home U .
ida, as second cla mWeat. e are glad that the starch-facto-
r;ns recently established in the state
furnish a market to our people for cas-
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
E. 0. PAINTER A CO., sara roots, but at the same time they
Publishers ed PrIote. should remember that cassava is
I worth more than six dollars per ton


lialsh9d rnSY W.Atid., as avoteda to
the development of lorida and the. best in-
terests of her people.


Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Alalted with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.

TERMS.
One year, single subscription............ .00
Six months, single subscription.......... 1,00
Sinly eop .....................*. ....0***. *6


ADVERTISING RATES.
- Rates for advertising fished on
tion by letter or in person.


applica-


TO CORRESPONDENTS.
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script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communieatitn for intended publication
-a- be accompanied with.' .saliam-a, au a
-umarantee-oft good-ith,-No anonymous con-
tribution will be rigaiid.

Momn -"hould be seat by Drat, rorto5ffce
Money Orda on DeLua or Reistered Let-
ter, ptlierwe the piir will ot be re-
spe aible ai eae of lo. hten personal
cheeks am used exchange must be added.
Only I and 2 cent tamps taken change
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this per must be received -by 10 o'clock
Monday morine of each wek.
Subcriber whLm writing to hae the ad-
drm of their paper chanug- MUST give the
old as well as the new address.

We iow have an office in. Jackonville.
Room 4, Robinson Block, Viaduct, where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to see an of our sub-
scriber. Any time we cam be o service in
JackltCeille, drep ms a JM to sabe address.

WEDNESDAY, JULY' 18, 1900.


The Florida farmer who has not
planted a large crop of sweet potatoes
this summer should be required to pay
a double capitation tax or some other
heawy penalty.

If you will write short communica-
tions to the editor, giving your ex-
perience with different crops: telling of
your successes and your falpres, and
how you WUee00ded and wiy you rall-
ed, they will be received with thanks
and published in full. In this way you
may help to lighten the load some
struggling brother is trying to carry.

Milk cows are now considered an es-
sential feature of every well regulated
Florida home. The time was not long
Mifici BWlii i= miWlk qw was geneoal-
ly believed to cost more than "she
came to," in other words that she was
an expensive luxury.. Even the la-
mented Dudley W. Adams, who was
looked up to for his good judgment,
made the mistake of saying that the
mout Droftable vaw he sveuS! 22 !n
Florida was the "little tin animal."

It political candidates were required
to give bond for the faithful fulfill-
ment of anti-election promises, the
State treasury would be full to over-
flowing at estreating time. In these
piping times of party politics, the po-
litical leaders have evidently arrived
at the coneluason that the more prom-
ises they can make and break the more
successful will be their career, and
Judging from their tenure of office the
conclusion seems to be very nearly cor-
rect. The time will come, however,


to them for'nome use. Tie trouble,
however, at present is that there is
but a limited demand for it at home,
and only a small quantity of the roots
can be used. The grower should en-
deavor to increase his capacity of con-
sumption, in the mean time selling all
of the surplus to the starch factories.
The feeding experiments conducted
at the State Experiment Station dem-
onstrated beyond a doubt the value of
cassava as stock feed, and If our Deo-
pie will feed .the roots to a few head
of cattle, and then sell the cattle, we
think they will find that the roots will
net them more than six dollars per
ton.

Intensive Culture.
Intensive culture is a system of soil
tMllage applying to the production of
crops originally made necessary by the
density of population. In new coun-
tries where the population is scant and
the tillable area is extensive, and the.
soil virgin, this system was not resort-
ed to until recently. When the pop-
ulation increases and there is a small
margin of products furnished by the
non-intensive system over the de-
mands of consumption, and when the
fertility of the virgin soil is exhausted,
it is ngVV9ary to resort to some sys-
tem to supply the demand of the con-
sumers. This is plainly in evidence in
the old countries of the East, notably
in the Orient, where the productive-
ness of the soil is crowded to the ut-
most limit by intensive cultivation,
high fertilization and judicious irriga-
tion.
Of late years this question of in-
creasing production by what is known
as intensive culture has attracted the
attention of progressive men in those
sections where the area of tillable land
is still extensive but where the fertil-
ity has been extracted by a system
that took from the soil annually but
returned nothing. It was then shown
that this intensive system was the
most profltible even whert land was
still plentiful and-cheap and fairly fer-
tile, and that an acre well tilled and
fertilized could be made to yield lar-
ger crops and consequently larger prof-
its than two or more acres carelessly
cultivated and indifferently fertilized.
After all, it may be that the system
tf gsfrws 9frnes u__nder sheds and
tents in Florida will prove more prof-
itable to those who are able to con-
duct the business than did the old
method to the masses. These shedded
or tented groves will naturally receive
the very highest possible culture.
for the reason that the man who goes
to the expense of from six to eight
hundred dollars per acre for orange
tree shed will not let the trees suffer
for either culture, fertilizer, or water.
It will be a case of intensive culture
of the highest order.
We do not claim that it is a "bless-
ing in disguise" to the orange growers
that oranges cannot be grown in the
open-not by any means, but we think
it likely that the growers who have
the capital to invest in sheds will find
the investment profitable. Culture is
not the only thing in their favor; they
are, in a measure, free from the severe


448


_ ___ _


~ _~_


competition of former years caused by seed is now worth commercially one-
excessive crops, but we think the fact half as much per bushel as corn.-
that the grower will devote his atten- American Agrictrist.
tlon to a tow Rores, cultivating and xanumng dowpas with Enoculated
caring for the trees in a thoroughly ith.
scientific manner, will be the chief When cowpeas are sown in the usual
factor in their success. way-without Inoculation-as is the
In the early days of the industry It case also with some other short-lved
was no uncommon thing for men of i members of the same order, they do not
only moderate means to plant out and e ay d much benft from the
ellra~liy dfrive much benefit from the
attempt to raise orange groves ranging peculiar gift of nature to leguminous
in size from ten to thirty acres. In plants, and the soil might just as well
the course of time they discovered have had a crop of some other order of
their mistake, but not being willing to plants growing need it, as far a bng
lose what they had invested in the Such is my opinion, based upon facts
large grove. they struggled on, and observed. But though used without
the result was that the trees were bad- Ireference to their nitrogen-gathering
ly cared for and the crops were slow power, peas accomplsh so many good
things that one ought to sow them even
in materializing and inferior and small if they did not gather atmospheric ni-
when they did come. trogen. I sowed peas on a bottom land
field last summer where none had
Fruit fmd VYgt as n M edioln grown for twenty years at least. It
Said an eminent physician: "If house- was old, exhausted ?d, and was badly
washed. At one end, where it touched
wives would make a study of the me- a neighbor's field, on which peas were
dicinal properties of the vegetables, raised the year before, the peas stocked
fruits, etc., which they serve, and act abundantly and early with nodules. On
upon the knowledge thus gained, there all the rest of the field they were poor-
upon the knowlly suppliedwith noodles, and they most
wvi!d be far 199~ need to summon the ly anneared after the peas were retty
physician on every slight indisposition well grown, so the crop was corresp-
of the family. Of course this only ap- ponding poor, except on a piece of re-
plies to ailments in the incipient form, cently cleared cane brake, where the
land was rich. There the growth was
when, by prompt action, disease would good, but there were few nodules. This
be warded off. The ounce of preven- is one case of many I could cite, and 1
tion in this, as in other cases, is far know it to be a fact that cowpeas will
better than a pound of cure. When grow luxuriantly on land "dead poor"
better than a nd of cre. When nitrogen, provided It is al right in
disease has fastened upon the system every other respect very especially in
the only proper course is to employ the the power to stock peas early and
best physician procurable." abundantly with nodules-they being
Those inclined to or suffering from the means whereby nitrogen Is obtain-
ed. If absent or late in appearing, the
rheumatic troubles should use celery, young peas are stunted, and a pea is
pieplant and all tart fruits, especially .like a pig-if checked in its growth, it
lemons and oranges. never gets over it entirely.
One troubled with nervous orders I believe it will be best to arrange for
artificial Inoculation, as natural Inoc.
will be greatly benefited by using on- ulatlon is uncertain, and in most cases
ions, turnips and celery. Onions are tardy and insufficient. Let us raise
sait to be almost the best nervine our own microbes much In the same
known. Nothing will so quickly restore way a good housekeeper raises her
yeast-namely, by starting legumes on
nervous prostration and tone up a worn little patches, and after they have be-
out system, come well stocked, in time, with mi-
For kidney troubles, use grapes, spin- crobes, sow that soil along with the
ach and common dandelion, making a seed of the legume at the rate of, say,
a ton per acre. Or else, leach some of
tea of the two later and taking table- the microbe infested soil and wet the
spoonful doses several times a day, seed with the leachings. But in either
when the plants are not procurable as case it is best to cover this inoculated
a relish. For disorders of the liver use seed or sll at once, lest the sun kill the
lemons and salt, germ. I am indebted to Mr. J. F. Dug-
tomatoes, onions, lemons and salt. ar of the Auburn, Alabama E ri.
Insomina is often cured by the use ment Station, for this excellent practi-
of lettuce or onions. Use all kinds of cal suggestion and I have followed it
fresh, ripe fruit to purify the blood and this spring. This to my mind, is a bet-
ter way than depending on natural in-
tone up the system. Blackberries and oculation: for even with wild native
raspberries are tonics and useful in annual legumes, it is by no means unl-
all ronpil or iafl'rroolu Bananaa are form or universal Depending upon
a most excellent food for those suffer- natural inoculation is like depending on
wild turkeys for dinner, as an Indain
ing from that disease in chronic form. does, when it is so much easier and
surer to raise tame ones Ike a civilized
Feeding Cotton Seed to Steers. man.-Southern Planter.
A pound of raw cotton seed properly
combined with corn is worth more for The Top-Notch Farmer.
beef production than a pound of corn The top notch farmer has his hand on
and cob meal. Cotton seed whether the valve which controls the public af-
raw, roasted or boiled and cotton seed Lare of his town, county, otaitv bad Sa-
meal are better for beef production tion. There used to be a theory that
pound for pound than other grain. In the farmer ought not to have any
an extensive experiment in feeding thing to do with politics. That theory
steers at the Texas experiment station has gone with the thousand and one
it was found that 5 pounds of corn and other exploded notions which once pre-
cotton seed meal and 5.5 pounds of raw vailed as to the farmers education. The
rattan amed fed with hay meds a great fsarmr murt b '?!! posted in all that
er 'gain than 13 pounds of corn chop pertains to the government, local and
and hay. An 800-pound steer may be general. He must know who his pub-
expected to gain at the rate of 2 pounds lic servants are, and that they shall be
per day under fair conditions for a held to strict accountability for all their
short fattening period on corn and hay deeds. He must do more. He must be
alone, but when cotton seed is judici- ready to step right into the harness of
ously combined with hay and corn or public service himself if needed. We,
corn and hulls the gains run as high as as farmers, have suffered immensely
2.5 to 3 pounds per day. because of this lack of preparation on
It is important-to know that the fast the part of our own number. The
gains are secured from rations that in opinion has long been held that the
the southeast cost less than a ration farmer is not fit to do anything except
composed of hay and corn. The pre- hold a plow and milk cows. Hail to the
gumption, therefore, that 100 pounds of day when this infamous doctrine shall
seed is equal to about 80 pounds of be relegated to the oblivion it de-
corn appears entirely safe and conserve. serves. No class of men has better
tive. The fact is going to be recognized judgementor keener insight into things
more largely by feeders and cotton than the farmers.-Exchange.







STHE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 449
Crs and Produots. 'TO TIE DEAF.
Fine Tobacco.-Mr. Robert J. Ban- A rich lady, cured of her deafness and R lFOR SUMMER AN
nerman, manager of the Santa Maria noises in the head by Dr. Nicholson's --'l L J 1 FALL PLANTING .
tobacco plantation of the Gadsden Artificial Ear Drums, gave Lo,0000 to hti
County Syndicate, has for the past week IndtItute, so that deaf people unable to BUdded on elthet Sweet or Sour All Standard varieties of Orange,
bfen cutting his tobacco crop. From a procure the Ear Drums may have then Orange, Rough Lemos or Citrus Grape Fruitand other citrus fruits
six-aCre field, grown under cheese cloth free. Address 11ic. The Nicholsn In- Trifollata Stocks .ck
and irrigated, without fertilizers, Mr. statute. 780 Etghth Avenue. New York. T. . . . .
Bannerman cut a stalk eight feet long, Tra br y g ad
which was sent to Mr. W. C. Lewis, Trae buddM o Cltnm TritoHta bear young ad ar
cashier, who placed it on exhibition at OesHEA CO LUM N especially sted where artf l protection is used.
the First National Bank of Tallahassee.
This tobacco was set dut April o0 and RATES--Twenty words, name and address
cut June 2otnd ia sid bd Mr. Banner- one week. cents: three HIGIEST GRADE T AT LO PRC
MAR.. t...oa .... HIGHEST d GRADE a TREEI *AT LOW P PRICES
man tO be a airi sani e 6f the. eftfe SALT sICK CLured for one dollar or
field. The stalk contains thirty-two money refunded. W. l. Mann, Man- FReIHT PRPAID.
leaves, and not a bug hole can be found vile, Fla. 0x-o. RIHT PREPAID.
in one of them. The tobacco is of the FOR SALE-Nrser of thousnd
Sumatra variety, and experts estimate Grapfruit Tress 4i budel tBox M Complete Stock of all Classe of Fruit and Ornamental Tree.
that the crop will yield 1,300 pounds per Orlando, Fla.. mtf
acrc.-Tallahassccan. THE SI) B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants. FI DA GROWN PEAHI TREES FOR LARGE ORCHARD
A Heavy Crop.-A Manatee county z8 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fl. PANTI A TA
man who was in town this week bought 4WL PLANTI G A SPECIALTY.
2,o00 feet of lumber to prop the limbs PINEAPPLE PLANTS FOR SALE-
of his grapefruit trees-they are so Abakka and Golden Queen Suckers and ATA I F E POMONA NURSERIES
oheaisy aI|q with fruit, Jie tated, that ArP1iu ,H. 5w, t, Fla.r 2 CA A xALO Ir Fa 2d 1am r
Arfiiui ti Bn fwn, Mantee, Fla. x3 nte; nce Solicit...
they are actually breaking the branches. Conesondece Solictcd. Farms.
-Tampa Times. JA3tAICA SORRBL plats, by ma l r I
postpaid for 25c per dosem .ood siaed
--Bt in. HT Le eady n. W. -R N THE GRIFFIN BROTHERS. COMPANY,
Best in History.-Jno. T. Lewis, of Auburndale, Fla. 26-tf
Moss Bluff, who is soliciting for the A Jacksonville, Florida.
commission house of Samers Bros., LAND TO RENT-In South Florida for
Pittsburg, returned Tuesday from Jen- what It will produce over $300 pr. acre. Atta t0 |I
nen and 'dedn; on the enat coast. rths art wmat hame nome monym : I. l. -
center of the pineapple industry, where DE I W, Pala nola, F10. 0l lO
he has been very successful in securing VILLA LAKE NUSEtRIES, Fruitland SPECIAL
consignments of that delicious fruit and Park, Lke county Fla, offers for JulyIAL
shipped more cars than any other so- plant ng 26 varieties of a and year SPRING
licitor. He says the crop has been the ctrus buds. a or good stock and lowOO
best in its history and prices obtained prces, address C. W. FOX, Prop. tf. OO S
were good and the growers are in a FOR nALE-e100 cash. t A erPlow Acm e arrow s
more prosperous condition than they high pine land near Deand Junction; Avery Garden Plow s, Acm e Harrow s
have ever been. He said the Hardee 6 acres cleared, three acres of which are
brothers, former residents of Lake in grove, the balance of the tract is in GEORGIA STOCKS.
timber. Smail house and a well on the
Weir, with their father, Mont Hardee, place. Address T. M. IL. car Aricul- PRAYING OUTF
are really flourishing and doing a splen- turiet, DeLand, Fla. Sty
did business as growers and shippers, ad everything in Uave ad Fum Impkesaent and Bappllw
Most of the growers are shedding their WE HAVE complete ist American man- a 4 s n <
pineries.-Ocala Star. uacturers. Can buy for you at lowest Poultry Netting s i Columbia Bicycles
prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en- CHARTER OAK STOVES,
Shipped by Carloads.-This is one of gines, boilers. Incubators, windmills, or CARRAHA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILER8 AND PUNZP
the busiest towns in the State. Several anything wanted. Corre ndenc so- IWRITE FOR PRICES.
edted. AM6 RfQION T DES AGENCY
cars of melons are loaded here every Jacksonvlle, Fla. ttf GEO. H. FERNAID, Sanford, Florida
day, and a car of cantaloupes and to-
matoes leave each day by express. A.
P. Baskin, business manager of the 2 BOX RAIN COAT CEAN ST AMSHIP C
Truckers' Union, is kept busy shipping $2r.5 m a WAITER. 2.O 5
cantaloupes in car lots.-Anthony Cor. OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
Ocala Star. SEND NO MONEY. Ct dhto bA. O
arOcala Star. 1 ate u b.,
seemund br tolnor
'.a u woheeit, tea us uniw aia and i
SBig Watermelon.-Mr. J. E. Rose, p wwll endyoutistbyexp e
an enterprising farmer of Forest City, C.oin.,* d int *na mour neEx
who never believes in doing things by e MAe ed if ,o I ..4 ,
halves, brought in and left with the u@. y* am sawl .b .as-
Lord-Acree Co. Monday a watermelon ll' n .
that entirely eclipses anything of th*e m 9
kind in sizt we have yet seen this sea. TlieMAat 2 n O lel alrt ,
son. Guesses were taken as to its re ie. ear ig. me Afrom i.J
weight and it brought considerable. The s t I le dobe br aste.
lucky guesses were N. P. Yowell and F. T aagr vAret d u hn le, =fo p s
T. Scruggs, who hit the nail square on botAMoh T-. an d S"ad
the head when they said 91 pounds.- an otherhoue. Va*' mrCh4b e- .
Orlando Star. of YM.'s W acklnfose e up to O
andl adeto-e.sare"altsandOver
oatst afro, ae tow0il wiwrite fort _
Unusual Pineapple Crop.-The pine- GAS ROESUCK Co. no.110.) ICAer
apple crop from the Florida keys has elm. .ii a asesE m C at -"
nearly all been shipped. There may yet "SAVANNAH LINE"
be a car or two of apples. The crop tB LAND AND SEA
has been larger this year than last,
that have gone forward by freight The
buik oi the crop has been shipped by FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
freight, as the fruit train put on by the FAST FREIO T AND LUXURIOUS PASSED ER ROUTE.
Florida East Coast Railway gave the . FROM .
shippers splendid time, and a lower rate There Is no kind of pain
than via express, but this is just like or ache, Internal or exter. FLORIDA TO NEiW YORK.
the management of the Florida East nal, that Pain-Killer will
Coast Railway, to give the shippers the not relieve. BOSTON AND E AST.

STATUTES. TE GENUINE BOTTLE SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, OEOROIA.
A Sixty-Three Pound Melon.-J. E. BEARS THE NAME, Then e via Palatial Bxpure Steamships, ceilings from Savannah, Pour Ships each week
Buggs says he has the finest watermel- to New York :.nd making close cpmnection with New York-Boston ships or mound Lines.
ongs tbea thats he ivet raised He pPERRY DAVIS A SON. All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedule. Write
ons this year that he ever raised. He for general information, sailing schedules, stateroom rm rvations, or aeml on
claims to have pulled one a week ago B. H. mINITON. Tr C e gr., WALTeI HAWIS e, Atr,
that weighed sixty-three pounds. He _aveanah, GaOn. 224 W. Bay t., Jacksonville. Fla
says he has some that will weigh thirty
pounds that the bloom has never drop- II H /| 1 I11 |
ped off of, and further claims to have a U TTTT sDlendld stock of UNIVERSITY OF QEOR, IA,
muskmelon that is as large as a zinc t, fruit treca and
pl/n beth trpl plntNoh rA.
water bucket and three times as rlong, DID YOU V R NOTIC ,.
and tomatoes as large as an oyster can. DD OU EV R cal and hardy; use-
Buggs is not a preacher but a truthful thatPAG OEPFencdo u'tGe tt eot dphor, Coffee, Sisal,
man.-Whitfield Cor. Breeze. PAG WOVRN WIIEA PAEIC.T ., AvRIANa, ICEa etc.; ornamental, One hundredth session begins Sep-
for house or lawn, member I9th, I9oo. Rooms in dormi-
S as Palms, Bam- tory free. Excellent board in Students'
boos, Grasss, Con- Hall at eight dollars per month. Tui-
ket is being supplied with lucious pine- nshrubs, vines creep- tion of non-residents fifty dollars per
apples produced at home. Good prices ers -in act "Ev erythin for house annum. For further information write
are being realized and growers are very a orchard for ne" pree. WALT El-
munk el oatrad l i easlafe i a plan ant lataloue bothtr- fe G
ings.--Journal-News. e. xletbrd iSd







450 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


PLANT 5YSTE9I,

The Oreat Throui Car ULe From Florid a.


MUALO DEIALmmaWW.
Address all communications to the
editor, W. C. Steele, Switzerland, Fla.


It is several weeks since we gate a 8 Jellei.
cactus number. Not from lack of in OONNECTIONS.
terest, for they are favorites with us, thln sei t rofrsaea
but unfortunately they are not so gen. I
rally popular. This is partially owing
to their being so very thorny as rule. THE ATLANTIC (OABT LINE, via Charles on
Yet Phyllocacti and Epiphyllums are To Th Richmond and Washington.
almost entirely destitute of spines.mond and Wa
While on the other hand, that universal THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co.
favorite the Rose is very thorny. wm k. te Et *M
No class of plants require so little rMa.gue s .~LT S lumbia and Washington.
care. In fact the most common cause e sUemuiae viaC An * .
of failure to obtain blossoms is the lack Taii aU 00.
of a little wholesome neglect. Through T The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'g
the winter all varieties, except the win- The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
ter blooming Epiphyllums, should be To The
given a season of entire rest. There The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Asheville.
should be kept only just warm enough The Mobile & Ohio R. R via Montgomery.
to escape frost and only given water
enough to keep the soil from becom-. .
ing dust dry.n
When warm weather comes again river. It is dark green in color and Via Savannah and Ocean steamship Co. for New
give them plenty of water and full sun- seldom grows over one and one-half T York, Philadelphia and Boston.
light, and all that are large and old inches high. Ribs are hardly distin- e P a
enough will almost certainly bloom. guishable, being broken up into flat Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transport.
iwart-like tubercles, each covered with
CaOti Tha Ar Not OactL. Very short, fine, black spines. A plant tion Company for Baltimore.
The perverity of human nature s lately received from Paraguay, and yet vuasetmnsp
Tns^ pervery of .n.man atref as, unnamed, resembles the last named in To
y strongly own in the perssteneform of tubercles and ribs, but the KEYPENINSULAR OCCIDENTAL
or curiously people int a cactuslling.every range spines are much longer, lateral ones AND
Many of ithe uphorbias are almost uch the longest and straw-color with HAVANA STEA SHIP CO.
universally thcalled Cacti. Thae most dark tips. HAV ANA
niversalln called Cacti. Tiheu mhors E. Schumanui, another fine species,
commoSplendens or "Crown ofis EThorns, in varieties with spines of different col- NOVA SCOTIA, Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
Splendens or Crow of Thorns," a ors, yellow, black and gray. The gray CAPE BREON& Via Boston andCANADA, ATLANTICand PLANT
it is often called from a legend that the is very rare, only three plants of this STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbury
t forny c ruown laceduon wourSavire variety having been found. Other rare and Charlottestown.
from this plant species have been received from this ISLAND....
Twice lately we have received an same locality, and will be noticed later
Twice lately we haoe received n- Anemos.
dther Euphorbia, labeled once as Somerville, Mass.
Bird Cactus," and second omerville, Mass. summer Excursion Tickets
snt Cu ti" thymaoe dee In some re- The We.,llIris of Wyoming. to all Bummer Resorts will b placed on sale September 30th.
aspects it resembles one family of Cacti, We find an interesting account of The TEM temay Us Sem SUe W Thrug seCr
the Pereskias, buit is not thorny as these in Vick's Magazine. The pLANT S lEYSTEM Ist thl o iwnr e .rii Gs
the are. There is one test, however, Mamillaria vivipara is a hardy little
which we believe can be relied upon by child of the desert and is not surpassed WESTERN NORTH CAROUNA and
which Cacti may be distinguished from t desert and is not surpassed
Euphorbias. Every Euphorbia, so far in beauty of flower by any other spe- THE MOUNTAINS OF VIRGINIA
as we know has milky sap or juice. eies of the genus. Even when not in
We do not know of a single cactus bloom the plant is attractive. ior Information as to rates, sleeplng-ear services, reservation, etc., write to
whih has this milky mistaken no It is round in shape, often nearly a B. L POWE. Agent, DeIand, Fla.
As another instance of mistaken no-
menclature, we received lately a lant perfect sphere. Sometimes two or F. M. JOLLY, Division Passenger Agent.
of Coccoloba platyclada labeled ae more heads or globes spring from the 18U Wet Bay 8Ktreet, Aster Block, JaW.Bsonlle, Flord. .
Cgctas e STUART R. KNOTT, Vice-President, W. B. DZNH AM, Gen. Supt,,
Cactus There is nothing about the same root-sometimes they stand sing- Savanah, Ga. Savannah. at.
plant hto sa most ea cacs steme t itt ly. The engraving shows a number of i W WInENN. Pammener Trame Man auanmmnah, GO
it has -lat almost ealcss stems. It is
quite commonly grown for its oddity: plants piled together. The mass in the
It belongs to the family of Polygona- background is a plant with five or six
ceae in which is also found the common heads or globes- a word it is what rosy crimson, light and deep pink, and Cacti of Wyoming.-The communica-
"Smartweed" or "Water Pepper" botanists call cespitose. The center the petals of some flowers are very tion in this issue on the Mamillaria
spines are a reddish brown and these waxy in texture, others satiny. I re- cacti of Wyoming will be of especial
111 Qagunmflaild hlay B nesn: the flow, i member seeing a Pe mn which 1, interest to m!ny pe! a. The 6e. ot
& Xt bA n ers are a gl owing pwplish crimson Ia te11A blUslS, tA tiatlI-like pe als these plants is not ihinti6ned by 6W
South American Echinocacti are dis- The fruit is oval, of a green color, and thin as tissue paper, glowing wth a sil- correspondent From the descriptions
tinct in their way from any of those of the seeds are brown and pitted. Some- very sheen which a La France rose in Britton and Brown's Flora it ap-
the North. times the flowers are pink in color. might envy but never equal. pears that the heads or stems of M.
From Paraguay we have rare and The following is a portion of the de- The common yellow lowered species Missouriensis are about two inches in
handsome, and also some curious ones. scription of the plant given in Coulter's always grows singly, one globe only diameter and its flowers about an inch
The two smallest of the genus come Manual: from each root stock. This is Mamil- in diameter when expanded. The stems
from Paraguay, Echniocactus pumilus "Simple or cespitose; tht almost laria Missouriensis, having ten to of M. vivipara are somewhat larger, or
and E. gracillimus. These little plants terete tubercles bearing bundles of five twenty weak, ash-colored spines on from two and one-fourth to two and
each tubercle; fruit or berry scarlet, one-half inches in diameter, while the
bloom when less than an inch in diame- to eight red. dark-brown spines sur- early globular in shape; seed blackishca flowers are nearly two inches in lethe
ter, and are peculiar from the fact that rounded by fifteen to twenty gray o rony glua i hae ed a Aish, flowers are nearly two inches in length,
the flowers will become fertilized with- in a single series, all straight and very round and pitted. According to the new nomenclature,
out expanding. A provision of naturt rigid; flowers purple with lance-subu- The flowers of M. Missouriensis are which is employed by the authors
to preserve the species. late petals and fringed sepals; berry smaller and more delicate of texture above referred to, the last named spe-
E. denudatus is a fine species with oval, green; seed pitted, light brown." than those of the red-flowered species, cies is called Cactus viviparus, and the
numerous varieties. E. denudatus in- The exposed surface of the plant is and vary from a deep-golden color common name is given as Purple Cac-
termediatus is said to be a hybrid be- composed of numerous cone-shaped through greenish yellow lake to a rich tus; the yellow flowered species is
4*M 04 dt Manil: cisrmrs about onr-h&ll inEh pin lEa h atraw tint called Cactus Missouriensis. and the
some IDI horfI claim E, MRttiRtrus ad Sutaatig detes together. Theae ar The flowers ai both apanna r mora a mmon af s n ae Mitaer or Tipple
as the male parent. Plant dark green, each tipped with a bunch of spines, ar- or less double, with yellow stamens and Cactus.
globular, with flat top, ribs broad, ranged both perpendicularly and hori- creamy white pistils. The reds are es-
spines seven to nine, rather slender and zontally, of. varying shades of red, pecially beautiful and the color of the Epiphylum .runaetum.
recurved; flowers large, too, to two and green and gray. Some specimens have petals and that of the pistils make a Mrs. G. T. Drennan, of Louisiana,
one-half inches in diameter, white and a mixture of red and green spines, rare combination. The mamillarias
produced through the summer. The some of which are tipped with gray or bloom earlier than the opuntias, which gives an account of her experience with
varieties of E. denudatus differ fro"- black. Others are very densely. cov- are the most numerous of the northern a plant of this species in How to Grow
each other in the number of ribs, color ered with short, 'very fine, almost species of cactus. Flowers. We give it as a case of re-
and number of spines. In some varie- thread-like needles of a gray tint, the There is a variety of the yellow flow- markable rapid growth of a cactus un-
ties the ribs are divided by traverse fur- whole plant having a rather venerable ered species which is not very con-
rows, or tubercled. appearance of gray-headed old age. and is known as M. Missouriensis caes- der favorable conditions. From one
E. Ottonis is an easily grown and Springing from the top of the plant pitosa, so-called because it frequently segment to a plant with eleven branches
handsome species. Grows quickly from are the flowers, from one to a dozen in bears two or more globes or stems in seven months is extraordinary
seeds; plant globular with eleven round- number, though it is seldom that more from one root. In this variety the growth'
ed ribs; spines short; eleven radial than two or three are open at once. spines are white; berry shorter than the
straw-colored ones and four reddish- Two colors are represented in the tubercles, and red in color; flowers yel- I rooted a Christmas Crab Claw, or
brown central ones; flowers a beautiful mamillarias of Wyoming-red and yel- low. Lobster Cactus from a small segment
satiny yellow, two inches in diameter, low. But these colors vary greatly in None of the mamillarias produce flow- of a leaf in May. It was put into a
E. Schilinzthyanus is a small Plant shade and there is also quite a varia- ers from the spine-bearing areolae, but small pot of charcoal and leaf-mold
with a large name, and is found grow- tion in the texture of the petals. The they are borne- on stem-like tubercles
ing in meadows along the Paraguay reds are deep brilliant crimson, light of their own. Contained on page 451.


1








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 451-


An Invalid for Years.

HEALTH REGAINED THROUGH THE
USE OF A SIMPLE REMEDY.
A Terrible Disease Conquered by Dr
Williamse Pink Pills-Doctor's i
forts Had Proved UnaVilllng
and a Care was espaired of.
rom the .ournal, Mount pleasant, Iowa.
Another person released from the terrible
grasp of an agonizing disease, another name
added to the long list of those who have re-
ceived new life by the use of Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills for Pale People.
For years a sufferer from the cruel disease
oft. Vitus' Dance, scarcely able to move,
the power of speech almost gone, and all ef-
forts to cure her proving in vain, Mrs. Minnie
Fiedler, Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, thought her
ease hopeless and she had sunk to the
blackest depths of despair.
Sheturned as a last resort to Dr.Williams'
Pink Pills and the wonders worked by this
remarkable medicine are told in her own
words:
"I was afflicted for years with St. Vitus'
Dance. The first symptoms of the disease
began in 1889, when the nerves began twitch-
ng in my left hand. I consulted physicians
of this city but none of them ever did me a
particle of good. After I had suffered for
two and one half years, the disease continue.
ing to grow worse I heard of Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills for Pate People.
It was in 1891 that
I was induced to try
them, and I was sur.
priced at my rapid im.
provement, I took
Only two boxes and
was entirely cured. It
was hard to realize
\ that I, who for over
two years was scarcely
able to walk and who
often found it almost
impossible to talk,
should be restored to
perfect health and in
ful possession of all
Almost Helple. my powers by two
boxes of this wonderful remedy.
I am happy to state that my health is
still perfect and I have never had the slight-
et symptoms of a return of the disease,
although it is eight years since I was cured.
"I know of others who have been likewise
benefited and are as grateful as myself."
MBs. MINE FIEDLEB.
All the elements necessary to gije' iew life
and richnessto the blood and restore shattered
nerves are contained, in a condensed form,
in Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People.
They are also a specific for troubles peculiar
to females, such as suppressions, irregulri-
ties and all forms of weakness. They build
up the blood, and restore the glow of health
to pale and sallow cheeks. In men they ef-
fect a radical cure in all cases arising from
mental worry, over-work or excesses ofwhat-
ever nature. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are
old in boxes (never in loose bulk) at50 cents
abox or six boxes for $2.0, and may be had
of all druggists, or direct by mail from Dr.
Williams Mediine Co., Scheneetady, N. Y.


50 YEARS
EXPERIENCE





TrADS MARKS


iquetkl ascertain car opinion iree wet er ua
invention is proiablyae'it Communl a
uom etrotly col~m i aL Handbooka Patents
sent free. Oldest aseOY for securalpt._
Patenta taken throumrt Mumf C. receive
pectel oNes, witkhotaha tthe

A hannsomeryflhustmrted weekly. Lrst* ar-
enlaton ot any gtensifo ourail. Terms,
srecaw iot bo l at byalln iewam .
u: four months"B byalunewsa14arl
%Bl~teHewBTin


Continued from page 450.
kept moist enough to prevent shrivel-
ing, and the roots were not examined
until September. The criterion always
with any Cactus is to feel full and
plum to the touch. My Christmas or
Crab Claw specimen kept plump and
made considerable growth from May to
September. Then I began to rush it
for Christmas blooms. A larger pot
was filled with rich compost and char-
coal, well drained and set directly in the
sun. The young plant was turned out
of the small pot without disturbing a
root, and plumped into a puddle of wet
soil in the middle of the large pot, and
more water, enough to saturate the
roots, was poured on, and dry soil
drawn over the wet surface. This was
all the attention my plant had until the
fifteenth of October, when it was set in
the hothouse, having received a water.
ing once a week. When set under
glass, liquid fertilizer was given once a
week and no other water. Buds began
to form the first week in December on
the eleven branches or leaves that de-
pended in as many directions was a
healthy green, and the edges of each
segment pleasing red. On Christmas
morning the plant was given a post ot
honor in the dining room. The eleven
branches each bore on the terminus
beautiful, rosy, velvety-red flowers, with
white, swansdown throats. The tem-
perature of the hothouse never exceed-
ed seventy degrees nor fell below fifty
degrees while the Cactus was forming
its buds.

Oacti in a Bottle.
We find floating around in various pa-
pers without credit the following ar-
ticle. We have not tried the experi-
ment and do not vouch for its accuracy.
A small cutting would grow faster than
seed and would be quite as great a cuti-
osity when grown:
A new method of growing cacti has
been discovered in the botanical gardens
of Berlin. It is so simple and easy that
no one need be without at least one fine
cactus in the sitting room or parlor. All
that is required is a shapely bottle, a
little rich earth and a few cactus seeds
that can be bought of any florist for a
few cents. Bottles in which creme de
menthe or some of the other cordials
usually come, are well adapted to this
purpose on account of the clearness of
the glass and the grace of their shape.
Having secured the bottle, cleanse it
thoroughly and then put earth in it un-
til the bottom is covered to a height of
about an inch. Sprinkle this earth well,
almost soaking wet, and then throw in
three or four cactus seeds. Close the
bottle snugly with a tight-fitting cork
and seal it close with sealing wax. Tie
a strong cord around the neck of the
bottle and hang it in a window that tht
sun reaches for at least several hours
every day. In cold weather the bottle
must not be exposed to the air. The
living room, with a constant tempera-
ture of 70 degrees or more, suits the ex-
periment admirably. Then the entire
process of growth can be watched with
no small interest. The opening and
rooting of the seeds, and the gradual
development of the plants will follow,
almost as if by magic. Soon the cacti
will be of such size that you can aston-
ish your friends by a sight of them, and
they will hardly believe you when you
tell them that these plants are growing
without any care or water. That they
will so flourish for years is proven by
this picture of a bottled cactus grown
in the manner described at the Berlin
botanical gardens, the bottle having
been sealed up just five years ago.

Poultry Notes.
Some poultry papers tell amateurs
not to buy birds to bring onto their
farms, yet carry the advertisements of
men that have birds to sell. It is true
that roup and other contagious dis-
eases, as well as lice, are brought onto
farms by importing birds. But it is
still necessary to import. The man
that goes out into the country and
picks up fowls hit or miss is almost
sure to get something that he did not
intend to purchase. But in buying from
professional breeders there is little
danger of importing diseases. In the
first place diseases are not likely to ex-
ist on well kept poultry farms, and in
the second place, if they do exist they


are recognized and steps are taken to
get rid of them. On our farms it often
happens that such diseases exist with-
out being recognized.
Avoid Bad Grain.-There is no gain
to a farmer in feeding his fowls on
spoiled grain, half of which is worth-
less for food. We hear of cases where
this spoiled grain is purchased for
poultry food at say one-half the cost of
ordinary grain. But as half of it is
worthless for food. on account of con-
sisting of weed seeds and shriveled
wheat, it is evident that the real cost
of the grain is the same as if wheat
were bought at full price but of good
quality. There is the added danger of
getting musty grain, which is said to
be one of the causes of bowel disease in
fowls.
Wheat as a Poultry Food.-A writer
in a poultry paper says tlhat none of
the grains is rightly balanced for the
best results to be obtained in their feed-
ing. This is true. He further says that
the one grain that comes nearest to be
well-balanced is wheat. This is not
true. Oats come nearest to furnishing
a balanced ration, according to all the
experiments of feeders and of chemists.
Wheat contains too little of the carbo-
hydrate element. Wheat, however, may
be balanced with corn and even when
wheat is high it may be balanced with
corn economically.-Tennessee Farmer.

OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and stricture without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nevous Disorders, Kid-
ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, iheumatlam, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice is more than double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
cians, rapidly yield to his treatment.
Write him to-day fully about your case.
He makes no charge for consultation
or advice, either at his office or by
mail. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D. 25
Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.

Farming in Florida.
If a man has money to invest in farm-
ing and is able to hire labor, my opiln-
ion is that he had better invest in 'tlids
at home. If a poor man wants to have
a farm and do his own work, he can
live here more comfortably and cheaply
than north of the Georgia line. To
stock men this country is inviting: all
the cattle are small; they care for them-
selves and are rounded up occe -'ach
year. Twenty-five thousand head were
shipped from the Kissimmee valley last
year, at an average of $Io per head-
four-year-olds weighing on an average
of four hundred pounds. The acci-
dental discovery of the "velvet bean"
and the feed value of cassava will soon
change the grade of beef cattle. Home
feeding and better breeding will, in the
course of ten years, make this a para-
dise for stock-raisers, and bring the
weight of cattle to more than double the
present standard. The sheep industry
has been almost totally neglected. but
the few flocks I have seen look well and
are profitable.
The old Spanish hog. or "razorback,"
is rarely seen, particularly in the more
populous portions of Florida. Good na-
tive pork can be found in the market
retailing at to cents per pound for the
best cuts. I was buying some the other
day and as the meat room was opened
by the butcher I saw two dressed hogs,
weighing perhaps I50 pounds each.
which were just the color of yellow
gold. Upon inquiry I learned that the
hogs had lived and fatted in the
"hummocks," where paint root is the
main food; hence the golden tint. I
took a chop to discover its flavor and
found it of a nutty taste, with a de-
cidedly garlic aroma. Now hogs are
fatted entirely upon the velvet bean.
which two years ago was unknown in
the United States where it was first
brought to notice by an accident, a few
beans being brought to Orlando by a
woman whose husband was a wrecker


on the east coast. He found them in
some part of a wreck and gave them to
his wife, who grew them on an arbor
for shade and for the beautiful flowers.
Here it was discovered that cows.
horses, mules, poultry and piga would
eat them with as much relish as corn,
and the bean was so prolific that a peck
has been shelled from one vine. As an
experiment an acre was planted by a
Yankee Floridian, who did not "stick"
them or give aniy support to the vinei.
The result was that by November he
had an acre of sand converted into a
fertile garden, the vines matting like a
rank growth of clover. The beans were
picked and the vines turned under, beat-
ing the record of all other fertilizer used
in Florida. All herbivorous and omniv-
orous animals will eat the vine and
beans at any stage from the sprout t"
the dried vine, pod or pea. The pea is
large, nearly round, blue. with white
specks. The pod is very thick and
gummy dry, and when boiled swells to
double its size. A neighbor of mine,
who keeps a dairy, feeds nothing but
the velvet bean. His cattle and horses
get nothing else, save the scanty growth
of Bermuda grass and maiden cane. He
tell mec that as a cream-producer and
fattener, ton for ton. it is 30 per cent.
better than oil meal with Northern corn
meal and hay. Unfortunately this bean
will not grow north of Florida. With
the cassava, which will grow six tons
to the acre on poor ground, agricul-
tural conditions of the State are beine
revolutionized for the better. Velvet
beans in pod are bringing 60 cents per
bushel-ninety pounds-and cassava $6
per ton.-W. B. Fletcher in Indianapo-
lis Journal.

Florida's Indians.
The story of the attemnt to secure
an adequate and accurate enulleration
of the scattered bands of Seminoles in
tih soutolirn portion of the State, as
told to-day in our local columns, is one
of more than ordinary interest; and
should the expedition organized by the
censuSs Inurelan iieet with success its
report will add much to our knowledge
of tie ipople who were once lord.l of
the soil we now call our own.
The action of the Legislature-, at its
last session, in setting aside certain
bodies of land for the use of these In-
dians, and the attempt to secure favor-
able action in the same direction from
Congress, renders an accurate enulner-
ation of the few Seminoles now re-
maining in Flotida especially desirable
:it this time. And while it is by no
inteains iiecessary to indulge inl any iblh
sentimentality upon this subject, there
can be no doubt that the original pos-
sessors of the soil in the State have
suffered inuch andi benefited l;:te at the
hands of the dominant race. Forced
back inch by inch and step by step, by
the advan(ng tide of civilation, but
three bands of this once powerful peo-
ple now traverse in isolation and pover-
ty the almost impenetrable recesses of
the Everglades. The civilization of the
superior race has served only to deep-
en and emphasize their poverty and
degradation, and the ravages of war
lhae probably been less deadly ilan
tile inroads of the whites upon their
chosen hunting grounds.
Whatever else they may be, these un-
fortunate people may justly be consid-
ered wards of the State that has prof-
ited by their disintegration and down-
fall. They should not be left to perish,
nor should they be forced by constant
encroachment from one point to anoth-
er' with out an acre of land they can
call their own. or a square mile of terri-
tory wherein they can live in peace.
plenty and comfort. .
The Legislature did well to grant
lands for the use of these Infdians, and
the report of the present census expedi-
tion will no doubt be such as to enable
such disinterested philanthropists as
Bishop Gray and Doctor Brecht to pro.
ceed to the solution of a problem they
have made peculiarly their own, for-
tified by facts and figures that have
been desired, but which have hitherto
been unobtainable.-'lmes Union and
Citizen.

HONEST ABOUT IT.
'Gotham-I suppose all of those portraits
were handed down -to you by your an-
cestors?
Walbash-Ancestors nothing. They were
handed down 'to me by a the uuctioneer.-
Yonkers Statesman.


II








452 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


POTASH

phosphoric acid and nitrogen, are the
three ingredients which make up a com-

plete fertilizer. Neither one of them can

replace the other, nor can the excess

of one replace the ,deficiency of the

other. Crop failures are often due to
such a deficiency of Potash, in the

fertilizer applied.

Farmers can get much useful information about the use of fer-
tllIIrs and Porasi by sending for our free, illustrated books.

GERMAN KALI WORKS. 93 Nassau Street, New York


FOURTH OF JULY INCI-
DENT.
"Mr. Caston Merchant: Dear Sir:--
Not long ago I bought at your store a
three- dollar pair of shoes warranted to
last twelve months. Well, these same
shoes are now full of holes, and unless
you replace them or refund my money.
I will hereafter trade with some other

"I-oure, et cetera,
Geo. M. Wilson."
Mr. Merchant's brow wrinkled, and
his round face flushed with anger as
he read the above missive from a far.
mer, a good friend and customer of his.
It was extremely provoking that a shod-
dy article had left his store under guar-
antee, and more so that the loss was
all on his side; for of course he must
make good the guarantee.
"Smith!"he called to his head clerk.
Mr. Smith responded promptly, and
giving him the farmer's note, Mr. Mer-
chant said,--
"Make this all right with Wilson.
Send the shoes by mail this evening."
Then the merchant hurried off to the
opposite counter to wait on several cus-
tomers who had just come in. It was
a large establishment of general mer-
chandise, and now was a busy time, for
to-morrow was the Fourth of July, and
every one in and around Elberton was
preparing for a grand celebration. Mr.
Merchant, being postmaster and ex-
Xe ell = a =1 oiwlank. Wum
0i3 si figmaK &Z |4W4 V -
town. Formerly his son John had
been an efficient assistant on such oc-
casions but now te lad was in the
city at a business college, and the mer-
chant with only two clerks, had to
manage the store, express and post-
office.
Later in the afternoon Mrs. Merchant
entered the store.
"My dear," she said to her husband,
"to-morrow is the Fourth of July."
Smiling feebly, Mr. Merchant replied,
"I've had so many reminders of it to-
day that I'm worn thread-bare," then
went on waiting on purchasers.
Mrs. Merchant was not pleased with
the tone of this reply. She suspected
her husband had divined the object of
her visit, but resolved not to relinquish
it. She knew he was averse to needless
expenditure and at Christmas and the
Fourth of July he always protested
against their boy's waste of fireworks,
but she, seeing now the lad enjoyed
these little extravagances, always de-
fended him, and as, Mr. Merchant said
"John burnt up a good sum of money
twice each year."
Now, stopping beside a counter
where a great display of fire works
held a crowd of admiring boys, she said
in a wheedling tone,-
"My dear, John will have a holiday
to- morrow. And the dear child will feel
lonely it he can't celebrate the day as
he's always been accustomed to. Can't
we mend him a package this evening?"
"Do as you lie," replied Mr. Mer-
chant. "I'm busy.'
Selecting a suitable assortment from
the lot, Mrs Merchant neatly packed


them in a shoe box, and catching Mr.
Smith as he was waiting on three cus-
tomers at once, directed him to address
and dispatch the parcel by the even-
ing's express.
On this same evening John Merchant.
in company with two of his classmates,
hurried through the crouded streets of
L-, on his way to the express office.
"Anything for me?" he asked of the
agent.
-T-r" m Za. fiQrnV a ?m a ur 2n1r
With rilghii-es -he omoygl hurried
back to their boarding house and ran
up to their room, where John proudly
opened the box.
But his spirits fell when, instead of
finding Roman candles, rockets, and
torpedoes, he saw a pair of rough bro-
gan shoes.
"I wonder if father imagines I'd wear
these thing?" he exclaimed.
His chumbs looked on in silent won-
der for a moment, then, in pity for his
disappointment, started slowly from
the room.
"Hold on, boys!" said John, rallying
from the shock he had received. "I
know how it is; the pater in his rush
of trade today made a mistake. These
shoes were not intended for m'y pedes-
tals, even if they were what I wanted
just now. But I think I can sell them
for the requisite articles. Come, let's
go to Busbee's store."
The obliging dealer, readily exchang-
ed explosives for the shoes, and John
and his friends had a rushing holiday

glorious Fourth, and the genial mer-
chant of Elberton, refreshed by a
night's rest after yesterday's rush
looked out from his store front with a
benign smile on the obstreperous ur-
chins who filled the street, enjoying to
the utmost their way of celebrating the
day.
'Soon after noon Mr. Wilson drove up,
and hitching his horse at some little
distance from the store, proceeded to
unload his wagon. A crowd of men and
boys stood watching the farmer, who,
indifferent to their gibes and laughter,
piled his strange load of produce in a
compact heap heap before the door.
Having arranged the pile consisting of
old shoes, old hats. old cloths, et cetera,
to his satisfaction, opened a small box,
and placing its contents at equal dis-
tances under the pile. called loudly.-
"Mr. Merchant, come out here. I'll
learn you how to insult a respectable
farmer!"
The merchant complied, his black
eyes wide open with surprise.
"Wilson, are you drunk?"
"Not much!" responded the irate far-
mer, taking him roughly by the arm.
"No, I'm not drunk. But you've got to
top that pile. I'm a goin' to celebrate
our parting. A man that'll sell me
shoddy goods at the prices of the best
Shan't have ho more of my nw'tucl.,
That," pointing to the pile, is the last
I'll ever bring here. Anil I'll blow C:i
up and you with it, if the stuff you sent
me yesterday ain't too shoddy to burn
Come on-we'll soon see."
"What's the matter? asked Mr. Smith


the head clerk, approaching at the mo-
ment and noting the excitement of the
growing croud.
"Don't you meddle, Smith, or I'll
blow you up, too!" said the farmer,
still vigorously pulling Mi;. Merchant
towards the motley pile.
"Didn't the shoes I sent you yester-
day suit?" asked Mr. Smith.
Farmer Wilson faced him in surprise
as he replied,-
"Nary a shoe did you send me yes-
te'day! But this man, this seller of
shoddy goods, sent me powder enough
to blow him to pieces, and I'll do it this
very minute".
"Ah, I see!" said Mr. Smith. "In the
rush of custom yesterday I made a mis-
take. Mr. Wilson, I owe you an apol-
ogy."
And he explained.
"Well, I swan!"said the farmer, re-
leasng his hold of the merchant's arm.
"Reckon I'll after ast pardon.too."
Then picking up his fireworks, he dis-
tributed them among the boys, telling
thlm to0 Ue llom in honor or Indllulan
deuce day. In the store he was treat-
ed to lemonade and other cooling
drinks. And as he drove home some
hours later with a new pair of shoes, he
soliloquized-
"It's true that haste makes waste,
and a man shouldn't kick before he's
spurred. Now I've wasted all the old
shoes and clothes that would a done
for me and the boys to work in all fall.
But I was ashamed to load 'em up
again after pilin' 'em up to burn. Like
a fool. Well, well, it all goes in a life
time-git up, Bess!" And away he
jogged homeward.

A childless home is a cheerless home.
The maternal instinct exists in every
S~fnlfilff ItI} 114 fH tf is i 0797 A
is deprived of lunch the haplr'nes, of
life rt often :llhappens that chldlessnemss
is due to some cause which can be re-
moved. and often is removed by the
use of Dr. Pierce's Favorite Perserin-
lion. The vigor and vitality which this
remedy imparts to delicate womanly
organs, puts them in a condition of
normal health, the lack of which is of-
ten the sole obstruction to mnaternity.
Every womnin should read Dr. Pierce's
Common Sense Medical Adviser, a book
containing l(MW pages anl 7iX) illustra-
tions. It :s sent entirely free no receipt
of stamps to pay expenses of mailing
only. Send 21 one-cent stamps for tile
paper bound volume. or 31 stamlps for
cloth covered. Address Dr. R. V.
Iierce, ( 3 Mlain Street, Buffalo, N. Y.

It is generally true in New York tnil
ihtllr i'liinilies nor business establish-
M- Is rellnlin long in one plhie. Espec-
inlly does this seem to be the fact each
year as 1May 1, approaches and the
stirens ;lire tilled with moving vals and

fotln-ci it I lun 4 (I i I flIt I ith lg VII
Newv Yo rk was observing "moI~U day"
and it is tr that a large portion of
tlie ctiiyp inllha:taints change their 'res-
idenlve every year.-New York World.

Paln-Killer. as an internal remedy,
has no equal in cases of colic, summer
complaint. dyspepsia, dysentery, and
rheumatism. It is he best linmnent in
tile world. Its action is like magic,
when applied to bad sores, scalds, and
sprains. For the sick headache, and
toothache, don't fail to try it. Avoid
substitutes, there is but one Pain-Killer
Perry Davis'. Pute 25c. and 50c.
/
Thartpart of the Jacksonville conven-
tion platform that deals with the re-
noval of the seat of government from
Tallahassee is attracting the attention
of the people of all parts of the State.
Ei:dently there is lots of fun instore
whith this 4ti4ati6t Will pr0liluo tierOl'U
the November elections. The State
coimiitiee will soon prescribe rules
governing the holding of primaries to
deiernline this question anud as soon as
ttlhee rules are made public the hair-
pllullng wiil commence ill earnest. It
is possible that several cities will enter
ille race.-St Augustine Record.

The International Publishing Conm-
pauy 6f I'hiladelphia and Chitlago. irvel
just published a new and interesting
life of D. L. Moody. Also, "War in Af-
rica" and many other elegant and use-
ful books. Thlie best terms to agents.
Apply to I. Morgan, Kissimmee, State
agent for Florida.


PEN AND 8CISM03B.

A section of the tree which is over
David Livingstone's grave has been re-
ceived by the Royal Geographical So-
ciety of London and placed with the
other Livingstone relics in its posses-
sion. An iron telegraph pole now
marks the spot where the great Afri-
can explorer breathed his last.

An examination of the sun through
the gigantic telescope at the optical pa-
vilion of the Paris Exposition is said to
have given uncooked for results. The
image of the sun was seen with sur-
prising clearness, and prominences
which have hitherto been viilsile at the
edge only were preceptible on the sur-
face.

Hawaiians call their chief islands
Hah-vwy- ee; we say IIha-wy- ee. Oth-
er proper ways of giving well known
Hawaiian names are: 0-ah-hu. Ilo-no-
lulun.Minw=.cr( nia) iiu Kw asi- (aunl').
No-e-how (Ni:ilhau. lIee-lo(llilo) La-
lynal (Lalaina), Ko-alih-la (Kohala),
Vowels are as in Italian and deserve
much care. Hawaiians pay little at-
tention to consonants.

A novel and curious test for deafness
or approaching deafness has just been
described by a Paris specialist. If the
handle of a vibrating tuning fork be
applied to the knee or other bony por-
tion of the human frame, the sound
cannot be heard by a wprson who po-
sesses an unimpared ear, but if thl ear
be attacked by disease, liten the note
can be heard distinctly.

Rusnsa is now building 6 first class

28 tor'lrwl ho1 iot destroyers. .Japan h)as
on tile stocks 4 first class liattleshis
5 cruisers. 8 torpedo boat destroyers
and 13 torpedo boats. When all are
completed Russian will have a fleet of
251 v-essels and Japanu-London an-
swers.

Ella Wheeler Wilcox. thI poetess of
passion. has as many fads as ideas of
love antl verses. Hler principle fad is
lier lord and master, an interesting man
who is not at all aesthetic in looks.
Next comes her gowns. For evening
they are harbarically splendid, made
like flowing robes, covered with lace
and jewels and ornaments. Her fad in
animals is a white kitten, which came
all the way from Paris in a crated box.
for its especial amull-elnet ItMrs Wilcox
strung several thou-nlnd shells on rib-
bons a lnd iade a portiere of them,
which also serves as a plaything for
puss. Ella Wheeler Wilcox is also fond
of old newspapers, the older and rarer
tile ,beter. and wears--ye gods and lit-

Ideias.

Not long ago a charming young Aus-
tralan was presented to the Prince of
Wales, and not having known how long
she should talk to him, naively reques-
ted him to tell her when to leave. His
Highness assured her that it was for
her to tell him when she was bored. In
tile chat which followed the girl said
she had lived all her life in one place.
"And how niany years have you lived
there?" asked the Prince. "I aml bored,-
s-r,. quietly said the young Australian.
who thought her Royal questioner
sought to learn her age.
The man who probably had more to
do with the exposure of the Philadel-
phia ilmpostor, John Ernest Worrel
Keely, than any other is the dean of
music critics, Henry E. Krellhblel. Sci-
entists and engineers, capitalsts and
111.piilli s l14 thud gIllvUtilgR ~Ut valley fr1
years the strange force that propelled
the mnotUm that fooled millions out of
the pockets of the credulous, and it re-
mained for an expert musician to ex-
plain to them what the etheric mys-
tery was. Keely was a flute player by
nots, and Krehbiel went at him and his
invention just as lie goes at a Gernani
opera. It was lie who discovered that
the motor was in B flat. and his article
all that Key att'rlatolt [fll !IttIentionl of
the world. It has been truthfully said
that Keely's success was in his silence.
HIe talked more to Krehbiel than to
any other man, because the critic ap-
proached him through music.-Victor
Smith in the New York World.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 453


ROJUIDIJAA.

Cooper Gibbs is receiving the con-
gratulations of his numerous friends
on the successful issue of his candida-
cy for West Point. He received a tel-
gram this morninB from Jaoksonvillo
announcing that he had passed the
examinations and was to represent
Florida at West Point. Cooper le a tal-
ented young gentleman He studied
hard to win the coveted appointment
and is deserving of the success which
crowned his efforts. He will undoubt-
edly attain an enviable standing at
West Point.-Evening Record.
A four-foot, six inch, seven-rattles-
and-a-button rattler was killed on the
grounds of the New Rockledge Tues-
day. He was battling with a cat and
It is thought that if the belligerents had
been left to themselves the cat would
have come off victor.-Titusville Star.
W. L. Williams, familiarly known
throughout Escambia county as Uncle
"Bud," died at the historic homestead
of MoDavid ia t KEtuplay night. Death
overtook this grand and good old man
in his ninety-fourth year and with his
departure there is occasioned deepest
sorrow In many households of Escam-
bla county, where for nearly a century
he had been loved by almost every in-
habitant. Those who did not know
him personally had heard innumerable
kind words of him and had learned to
love and honor "Uncle Bud" Williams
as did his personal friends.-Pensacola
Press.
V. P. and J. G. Smith, of Wacahoota,
were in the city trading yesterday.
It will be remembered that last fall the
former gentleman fed a number of wild
turkeys on corn saturated with alcohol
when the last "mother of a bird" gut
on a razzle dazzle and were captured.
He is now feasting on choice, fat
squirrels which were captured in a nov-
el manner. The festive animals at-
tempted to scale the trees boxed for
turpentine, with the result that their
tails became entangled in the resin and
they were "stnck."Mr. Smith says it's
an easy matter to capture them in this
manner by the dozen.-Gainesville Sun.
Wednesday Sheriff Denmark arres-
ted a negro who said his name was Jul-
ius Giles, but who with the exception
of wright. exactly filled the driiclrition
of Ell Booker, who murdered Julian
Smith in Palatka last month. Giles
was brought here and kept In :lie cala-
boose over night, but released the next
morning, the sheriff being convinced
that he was not the party wanted.-
Lake Butler Bulletin.
An important deal was consummated
in this cty yesterday, by which the
Tampa Foundry and Machine company
purchased the plant and business of the
Southern Iron works. The Tampa
Foundry and Machine company is the
new enterprise organized in this city
two weeks ago. S. L. Varnedoe is the
president, Peter 0. Knight its vice
president, W. C. Thomas its secretary
and treasury, and John T. Moffit its
general manager.-Tampa Tribune.
Mr. W. C. Berg, a homesteader and
resident of Anna Maria key, has made
a collection of the native woods of the
island, nineteen in number, and placed
them on exhibition at the Journal office.
The specimens are highly polished and
joined together, with hard oil finish,
and make quite an attractive appear-
ance as many of them are exceedingly
beautiful In richness of color and the
poKsh which they are capable of tak-
ing.- Journal-News.
The negro burglar who broke jail Sat-
urday night was captured in the upper
part of the county, Saturday, by Dr. G.
W. Boston of Palmetto, and after
starting bjck with him the negro drew
a pistol and shot the doctor, who
sprang from his horse on the opposite
side. Another shot was fired by the ne-
gro which struck and killed the doctor's
horse. By this time the doctor recov-
ered himself and with a double barrel
bot gun, Lshot the negro. Twfu ohoit
were fired by the negro after this, but
his aim was not so good as his first
shots. Messrs. John Lowery and Jas.
Nettles were near by, and after giving
the doctor attention went to the negro
and found him dead. Dr. Boston's
wound is not serious, Dr. Vincent, who
attended him, stating that he would be
able to be out with in a week or ten
days.-Journal News.
Our citizens have at last awakened to


the necessity of improving the roads,
and for several weeks the work of clay-
ing has progressed so successfully that
it is nearly completed in town. The
road leading north around the east side
of Lake Ariana is also clayed from the
town ailmout one mile nand the work still
going on.-Auburndale correspondent
to Courier Informant.
The committee appointed by the citi-
zens' meeting last week for the purpose
of preparing and submitting a plan of
organization to oppose the removal of
the capital from the city of Tallahas-
see made its report last eight. The re-
port wan adopted and an organization
perfected. Hon. W. D. Bloxham was
elected president of tile organization
flnd liton. Fr'el Tr. Alycrt vice president.
Strong committees were appointed for
the purpose of raising funds and ex-
ecuting the purposes of organization.
From the personnel of these commnit-
tees it is certain that the people of
Florida will not act in this important
matter without being thoroughly en-
lightened on the subject, Tallnhass ft
cor. Times Union and Citizen.
Two boys were fooling with an "un-
loaded" pistol, which resulted, as us-
ual, in one of them getting shot. Mil-
lard Iixon is the victim, Tom Pierce,
the shooter. The ball. a 32 caliber, en
tered Dixon's left breast, just above the
heart, and at last reports had not been
extracted. The boy, however, is doing
fairly well, and does not seem to be
greatly frightened at the narrowness of
his escape from sudden death.-Ft.
Meade cor. Times Union and Citizen.
Mr. John Hart, who lives near the
south linep f thiv county, had the for-
tune to find two nests of wild ducks'
eggs a few months ago. He took the
eggs home and set them under hens.
In the due time they were hatched, and
he now has two lots of young ducks as
tame and domestic in their deportment
as one could deosre. Just what pecu_
Ilarities they may develop as they grow
older is an interesting problem.-Orlan-
do cor. to Times Union and Citizen.
R. N. Andrews has again assumed the
editorial chair of the Cocoa and Rock-
ledge News, which position he held two
years ago, when the paper was the
property of J. P. Wooten. Mr. And-
rews promises to give the public a
clean indelwendent ishet. ait- ad ating
only what seems to him right and hon-
est.-Times Union and Citizen.
A shocking accident occurred here
Thursday afternoon, which resulted in
the death of little Hattie Lee Collins.
Mrs. Collins had been ironing. The fire
in the stove for some reason had not
been doing well. and she asked her
Little uoy to get her some handling. sEi
then walked out of the room on the
porch to rest and get some air. Her
little girl, seeing the boy did not come
back as quickly as requested, told her
mother she would go and fix the fire.
The mother in a few minutes heard an
explosion and running to the room
found her little girl enveloped in flames
caused by the bursting of a can con-
taining kerosene oil, which the little
girl had used to start the fire. Medical
attention was immediately summoned,
but the child died Saturday and was
buried Sunday. The family is pros-
trate.-Montbrooke cor. to Times Un-
ion and Citizen.
The night of July 4, Hallie Rocke, a
negress, was found lying in the street
unconfiou nonir the public school build-
ing. She was taken to the hospital,
where it was found that she had been
shot through the head above the eyes.
On Friday the bullet was extracted
from back of her head. In the mean
while the officials have been awaiting
the woman's return to conscience to
tell who did the deed, as up to this time
the tragedy is shrouded in mystery.
The only clew so far is that a person
that night heard a party quarreling;
that a woman's voice pleaded with
someone not to shoot her, and that
shortly after that he heard the report
of a trun, Yoertlny llhnuit r Iia glg 1,,
arrested at Kendrick on suspicion for
shooting the woman.-Ocala cor. to
Times Union and Citizen.
County Surveyor J. O. Fries, of this
place, to whom we recently referred as
having been appointed to take the cen-
sus of the Seminole Indians of Florida
started this week on his trip through
the Everglades-the happy hunting
ground of the Red Man. Mr. Arch
Hendry, a fend of the Seminoles, ac-


PERUNA A REMEDY FOR FEMALE CATARRH.


MAGRUDER, YOBK Co., VA.
Dr. S. B. Hartman, Columbus, O.:
I can scarcely find words to express
my gratitude to yon for all your kind-
ness to me. It has robbed the grave of
one victim, for I was in a critical condi-
tion when I wrote you before. Thanks
to you, however, my health is fully re-
stored. I wish every young lady in our
town could read your book. There would
be a great deal less sickness and puny
women."-Miss Bertha E. Sargent.
NAVAsoTA, TEx.
Dr. S. B. Hartman, Columbus, 0.:
"I think it is time to let you know
what your treatment has done for me.
I am rid of that terrible trouble I had
When I wrot6 to you. When I would
itoop over I could not straighten up
without the most severe pain. Iam well
t) that, and am much better in other
ways."--Mrs. F. K. F. Gille, Box 19.
OSYKA, MIss.
pr. 8. B. Hartman, Columbnau 0.:
"I am sure that Pe-ru-na is one of the
test medicine-s on the market. I am


colapnuied Mr. Fries as interpreter.-
East Coast Advocate.
The citizens of Ocala held a mass
meeting at the court house a few days
since and invited all the citizens of
uala, Mlarion aun neighboring coun-
ties to jonu in inaugerating a move-
ment to secure the location of Florida's
capitol at Ocala at a mass meeting to
be held in fronu of the Ocala House at
a future day. As we predicted, here
comes an enterprising city that will
command considerable attention, and
other nrr yr3t ta ps9a, 'hBs iGaRt1r
number of aspirants, the greater Tal-
lahassee's strength will be.
Dr. Link has put a new omnibus at
the service of the travelling public and
citizens of Bartow. It is a new vehicle
of first class style, convenient, strong,
and handsome. The fare to and from
the depot is 25 cents for the round trip,
the passengers paying the fare on first
trip, and receiving check for return
fare. A first class genuine omnibus
and well clayed streets will harmonize
nicely.-Courier Informant.
Hebb & McKean have commenced
the taking up of their saw mill ma-
clinery preparatory to moving to Sar-
asota, where Iberal concessions have
been tendered them. They are both old
citizens and we shall miss them. They
arc valuable accessions to any commun-
ity. Their only reason for moving is
lack of available timber.-Auburndale
cor. to (Courier Informant.

ALAS, TOO TRUE.
"You must Ipay in advance," said the
lady who kept the bboarding house at the
great bogus litlhia spring.
"l~t, replied the tottering invaslid who
had just arrived. "can't you let my trunk
be security until tomorrow? I expect a
,check then."
"No. Pay now, or you can't stay here
tonight. I want you to understand that
I'm not in this business for my health."-
Chicago Times-Herald.

A BITTER SPELL 01 'RED.
"Gammidge is such a friend of the
Boers that he goes to almost any length
to show 'his hatred of the British."
"What's his latest effort?"
"He spells English with a small i."-
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
VITAL STATISTICS IGNORED.
"Henry, that census taker doesn't know
ihis business."
-"What makes you think so?"
"Why, he shut me off when I tried to


sure that I would have been in my grtve



others the good
it did me.
Everybody said
that I had con-
sumption, and I
knew that I
would have it
unless I got re-
lief. I feel It
my duty to
give praise where it is duo. 1 am and
ever shall be grateful to the man who
discovered Pe-ru-na."-Mrs. 8. E. Dicker.
NEW ORLEANS, I.
Dr. S. B. Hartman, Columbus, 0.:
"I am feeling much better now than 1
have for two years. I find Pe-ru-na to
be the besatmedi-
inaas rs Ismale
complaint, and
in all cases of
extreme weak-
ness I think it is
the best remedy
in the world, as
it has done me
a great deal of
good. Myfriends
say that I am looking better now than I
have for years. They want to know
what I have been doing, I look so well.
I tell them that Pe-ru-na did it. I hope
Dr- Hartman will oive many yeas more-
to help others as he did me."-Mirs. H.
Buthe, 1834 Sixth street.
Every woman should have a copy of
"Health and Beauty." This book con-
tains specific instructions for the treat-
ment and enre of female catarrh. It is
illustrated and contains much informa-
tion. Aodreas Dr. HwrtanColunmbu=,O*


tell him how many sweet little teeth the
`baby had cut."-Detroit Free Press.

SUPiREFLUOUS.
"What do you suppose can induce a
man to commit ntarlde?" ashesd Mra-
Nagg.
"Can you eak maud a question as that?"
cried James Henry Nagg in disgust.-,
Philadelphia North American.
JUST CAUSE FOR PRIDE.
New Boarder-What Ia conceited man-
Mr. Upson is. Don't you think soT
Old Boarder-Yes, and I should be
eciallY a-a oonoteld -P.Q I in 'kis pa-
4l3 1y --
New Boarder-How is that?
Old Boarder-He Is the only boarder in
the house who ever succeeded in capture.
ing the oyster in the soup three days ia
succession.-Chicago News.
TOO HASTY IN JUDGING.
"This is an outrage," exclaimed the cit-
Izen who was being tarred and feath-
ered
"No, a prank," insisted the others.
Regarding these more narrowly, the
citizen now perceived that they were col-
lege students, whereupon he apologized
for his hasty and l1-conkldered dhare-'
'teriation of their conduct.-Detroit Jour-
nal.

A LITTLE LIGHT AS TO HISTORY.
Tommy-Pop, what is profane history?
Tommy's Pop-Profane history, my son,
is-urn. ah-wel, you know when Georgle
Wash'ing'ton cut down his father's cherry
Tommy-Yes, pop.
T.(mimy's Pop-Well, what his father
said to Georgia is profane history.-Phila-
deliPhia Record.

AN ABLEBODIED HEADACHE.
Turnbull-I'm so sorry. I hear you've
been suffering all day with a sick head-
ache.
Grumbell-It's a miotiake.
TPurnbull-Haven't you really had the
headache?
Grumbell-Yes, but it isn't sick by Mny
means. It's extremely vigorous.-Phila-
delphia Press.

AS USUAL.
'!UN ,Ans m-sm-T W..s" fit'|. Vim Ictru"
"No. Yu see, the wee tin my place.
The fellows on each side of Sme who re-
ceived the water sustained the meet dam-
age."-Philadelphia North American

A HASTY GENERALIZATION.
"Everybody seems to be leaving town."
"Everybody?"
"Well. I'm going tuway, and so is Tom
Jibbss."--hics'go Record

Sharple's Cream Separators-Proflt-
able Dairying.


_ __~____ __ ___I






454 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


S4THEFORIDA AGRICULTURIST


OW TO GET A TON OF FERTILIZE

(1 . FOR $2.00 .


io,ooo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST within the next six months.
Every Thirtieth person remitting $2.oo for a year's subscription will be given an order for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired .. ..


HOW TO DO IT.


Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. O. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for one
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
.............................. 9oo multiple of 30, as 60, 90, 300, etc., you can order a
rlessrs. E. O. PAINTER & CO.. ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist, Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
DeLand, Fla. ist at the regular price of $2 per year and have one
Gentlemen-Please find enclosed $2.03 for one year's sub- in f ttin a tn high ad frtil
scription to the Flor.da Agriculturist to begin at once. It chance in 30 of getting ton o g grae fertilizer
is understood that should the number of my receipt be 30 beside. This may be OUR opportunity.
or an _u ; _ f piC 01 __ild L T011 01 r_. i_ --, u t_ a( L_- Vii 1111


or any multiple 01 thllt I1Inum1Uber, I Ican order a tonU of any
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. cars at Jacksonville, Fla., without further expense
to me.
Shipping Point............... .................... ...
Freight Depot..........................................
P. 0. Address........ ...................................


Note-If the station to which the fertilizer is to be shipped is a DE L AND
-*prepay," amount of fr2.ght iust be forwarded with instructions. LAN


E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,


Publishers,


- FLORIDA.


A High-Grade Fertilizer

-MUST HAVF


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"Th IDFA T," BR A NDS ..


%HhAV-'HAVE TH ESE. 8 'E "


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IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE .................$30.00 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.00 per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.....$28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................ $30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............ $30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER... ..................$2o.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowct market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTTT JZFR COMPANY,


JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Pig's Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $ 18.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano, The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, $44.00 per ton.


I