<%BANNER%>
The Florida agriculturist
ALL ISSUES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS MAP IT! PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00028
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: July 11, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00028
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text






























ol. XXVII, No. 28. Whole No. 1380. DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, July II, 1900 $2 per Annum, in Advance


FLORXDA PBATVB8.

In another column
Sweet Potato will be found a com-
Prices. munlcation from Mrs.
F. A. W. Shimmer, an
extremely practical woman, on the
sweet potato question. Candidly, we
do not think that it will pay our peo-
ple to raise sweet potatoes for starch.
Nor could the starch manufacturers
afford to pay our prices for their pota-
toes that would yield them a profit-
basing the price, of course on what the
potatoes would be worth to them for
the starch they contained. If the po-
tato yields the same percentage of
starch as the cassava then the tubers
would be worth to the manufactures
at the present market rate, six dollars
per ton.. If the percentage of starch in
the potato was double that in the cas-
sava roots, of course the manufactur-
ers could afford to offer just double
the price, or twelve dollars per ton.
A few years ago we made an effort
aI the direction of discovering what
wai wrong with oar potatoes, and
why a NiRmaWe market could not be
established for them. After consider-
able inquiry our conclusion was that
there is nothing the matter w'th tli-,
potatoes or the market, but that the
rougle was with the transportation
rates.
The sweet potato is grown very
largely in all of the Southern States,
and our product would necessarily
come in competition with the product
of the states nearer the centres of con-
sumption. These states would natur-
ally have the advantage over us in ihe
matter of transportation.
From time to time efforts have been
made to send potatoes to the Northern
markets in car leads. A short time ago
a gentlemen in Leon county advertised
to buy all potatoes offered, agreeing to
pay, we believe forty cents per bush-
el. We are under the impression that
he made a failure of his enterprise and
did not continue shipments more than
one season.
One thing, at least, we have in our
favor that should count for much, and
that is in the matter of keeping the
potatoes during the winter. In some of
the Southern States we have known
the commonest kind of sweet potatoes
to sell for two and three dollars per
bushel at bedding time. This was be-
cause potatoes were hard to keep
and the farmers could not save enough
from the frost and the rot for seed. If
we could always strike the market in
these sections Just at these times we
could aord to pay any kind of freight
rate the transportation companies
might ask and till have a fair mar-
Min of profit.

This is the season of
The the year when the in-
Summer. land Floridian packs
his summer outfit
and meanders coastward-and It is
well that he does. Not that the
conditions surrounding him at his
home in the interior sections of Flori-7
da are detrimental to health or antag-
onistic to comfort, but because all
Wrork and no play makes Jack a very
dull boy, and an occasional change is
&Fiism ii t6 r-youC.
We regret to note, however, a dis-
position in many of our enterprising


towns to allow things to go to seed
and weeds during the summer sea-
son. As soon as the winter visitors
and tourists depart the all-the-year-
round resident feels at liberty to don
his old clothes and rusticate. Weeds
are allowed to grow anywhere and ev-
erywhere and the public streets and
private yards of the town are neglect-
ed, and instead of that thrifty, tidy air
characteristic of Florida towns during
the winter season, we see a condition
that appears to border on the shift-
less. This is not as it should be at all.
If it is right and proper to put on our
Sunday clothes and straighten up our
fences during the winter season when
we have company, t is Just as right
and proper to keep our town and prem-
ises clean and tidy during the sum-
mer for our home folks.

Every man in Flor-
mtking. Ida who has a horse
Bay. should remember to
make hay while the
sun shines-and make lots of it, too.
It has only been a few years since
the man who claimed that hay could
bf cut and cured in Florida was class-
ed as a cheerful idiot who would soon
part with his money on his visionary
scheme. Subsequent events, however,
proved that the "cheerful idiot" was
the wise man after all, for thousands of
tons of the finest kind of hay are now
cut and cured in this state. The crab
grass which grows spontaneously, and
which is easily harvested and cured,
makes as gopd hay as any horse would
want. If the acreage of crab grass is
abort then the farmer has recourse to
his old standby-cow peas, and if this
too proves short he has the velvet
bean.
Speaking of cow pea hay reminds
us that Mr. Frank F. Emery. writing
In an exchange says that the farmers
of North Carolina when they wish -to
make extra good cow pea hay sow
from one and a half to two bushels per
acre. This gives a thick, upright
stand rather than a spreading growth,
making the vines more easily harvest-
ed. If the peas -are sown early, say
in June or the first of July, the crab
grass grows with the vines, which im-
proves materially the quality of the
hay. This hay when cut is of very su-
perior quality, and is often baled and
marketed. Mr. Emery says that at
least one merchant farmer living ten or
twelve miles from Raleigh makes a
specialty of growing cowpeas for hay.
This he bales to haul to the city where
he supplies quite a number of custo-
mers, for carriage horses and cows. If
the vines are coarse the bales do not
look so smooth, but they are much bet-
ter to handle than loose hay, pack
away easier and occupy so much less
room that it is far the better way to
bale than try to handle the hay loose.
Besides this, cow pea hay wastes so
much in handling, If the weather is at
all dry, that the grower could not af-
ford to handle it loose to supply cus-
tomers. To handle this hay in an ideal
way it should be hauled to a lafge,
cheap, open shed as soon as properly
made, where it will cure further, and
where the press can be stationed and
operated as opportunity and the con-
diUon of the hay allow. Thus the
leaves can be kept on, the expense
for storing will be at minimum cost,


and the hay ready for compact stor-
age and customers at the earliest pos-
sible moment, and when needed. Cit)
customers seldom have room enough
to store much loose hay, and frequent-
ly putting small amounts is expen-
sive in cleaning up, besides being
wasteful to them. The baling is much
the better way to handle this hay all
around.

The Belgian hare fad
The Belgian is spreading all over
Hare. the country, and Flor-
ida, as usual, is not
behind the time, as we hear of numer-
ous experimental hutches being estab-
lished in different sections of the state
Of course it is not a question as to
whether or not the hare will thrive
in Florida, for that is generality con-
conceded but the matter of profit i's
the matter of experiment. It is not
likely that our population is sufficient-
ly dense to supply a market for any
great number of the animals.
The hare as a rule now sells for eight
cents per pound undressed, and when
dressed they retail at twenty-five
cents per pound. Of course this is in
cities where the hare is considered a
delicacy, and where the supply is as yet
limited. It is said by those who have
experimented in breeding the hare that
forty of the animals eat abuot the same
as one cow. When the hare is six
months old, if he has been properly
cared for. he should weigh from six to
eight pounds. The possible profits of
the enterprise may be figured out on
this basas, providing of course a mar-
ket can be found for what you can
breed.


o'adood ino jo amos qiA Lalisnpu! uiq
-.odml un ai!nb uaaq suq so.-al ati jo
Writing on the subject the editor of
the Palatka Advertiser says:
"Putnam county has a natural indus-
try that is absolutely impervious to
frosts, blizzards, governmental cap-
rices or what not. It is the vanilla or
deer tongue industry to which we have
reference. and which during the long
dull summer season, affords easy and
remumerative employment to hun-
dreds of-men, women and children.
They pick. dry. and bring the sweet-
scented plant to Palatka. where they
sell it to the Kennerly Hardware Com-
pany. who bale and ship it north to
vanilla factors. In the neighborhood of
$9,000 is annually paid out in Putnam
county by this firm and it swells the
volume of the circulating medium won-
derfully.

When we think of
Dear dear old Tallahassee.
Tallahassee. with its hills and its
roses, its warm-heart-
ed and hospitable people and mild-eyed
Jersey cows, with its quaint and pic-
turesque capitol, slightly and very an-
tiquated, we almost drop a tear over
the plots and plans against its future
happiness, peace and prosperity, for
that there is a strongly organized ef-
fort being made to remove the seat of
state government he who runs can
see.
SCertainly the present location of the
capital is not central. It is too remote,
not only from the center of territory
but from the center of population. and
the effort to remove it to some more
centrally portion of the state is more
than ant to meet with success. This


The nominees of the "mater is to Ue subnmtte next October
The two great political to a primary of the democratic voters
Nominees. parties are now before of the state. Any aspiring and am-
the people, and the bitious place is at liberty to enter the
platforms upon which they stand can contest, and the resolu ion adopted by
be scrutinized, and their architectural the State Convention provides that the
beauties and constructional defects be place receiving the majority vote is
noticed. practically to have the support and in
As with the Philadelphia conven- fluence of the party. Of course after
tion the only question in doubt before the matter is carnfed by the primaries.
the Kansas City convention was the if carried it is, the constitutional
platform and the man for second place, amendment providing for the change
All indications point to a warm cam- of the seat of government to the place
paign. as there are many important is- receiving a majority of the votes cast
sues at stake. While Mr. Brvan's at the primary, will be submitted to
strong following contends that the fi- the people.
nancial question is the one great ques-
tion, there are many in his party who The Seminole Tndinn
consider the other issues equally ma- Weather and the "oldest inhab-
tcrial. There is also a strong element Prdctins. itant." are already at
of his party not favorable to the finan- tt are alre
cial plank in the platform and whether work with their pre-
or not they will stay with party and dictions of a cycle of warm winters.
vote for its candidate, on account of They base these predictions on many
the other material issues involved, or signs"-the amount of rain during the
will repeat the bolt of '96 is a question full moon of June, the earthward droop
yet to be determined. If what is of the banana leaves, the number of
known as the "Sound Money" Demo- curls in the tail of the razor-backlet in
crats stay in the traces and vote for the April litter, etc.. etc. These pro-
Mr, Bryan his chances for being the diction may be comforting and en-
next president are favorable. If on couraging; but if our memory is not
the other hand, this element "leaves playing us a trick, we have heard of
the path of virtue, off in sin to stray" them before; hence we advise the or-
Mr. McKinley will serve us an other range growers who have commenced
term. to build a shed over his orange trees to
protect them from cold, to keep right
along with their work.
The vanilla, or deer- We do not say that Poor Lo and the
Vanilla or tongue plant. is a Vonprnli_ Inhabitant nrg alw.ysg fnlMJ
'ib-r Tongun." spontaneous growth propheta but that the advise of the pa-
of our fiat woods, and triot. to "trust God and keep the pow-
for years the gathering and marketing der dry" is worthy of consideration.


_ ------










432 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Utilising Home Crops.. and ripping through solid floes four
Editor Florida Agriculturist; feet thick, for the Corwin Is an ice
As I opened your July 4 issue of the breaker and the path that would mean
Agriculturist my eye first met "Our danger and destruction to another sh;p
Home Crops," which I read with in- she thrashes through defiantly.
trept, noting particularly comments on The weather is mild and calm,
mu+e sweet tpo _w Vrfef for s 'A sg ?' R
farmer should increase- his aRreane cements the floes together, but by 2
saying that "even now it is not too late a m. the sun is again above the hor.
if he has failed to attend to the matter Izon and soon the ice melts again and
before". Further on you say "it is too shallow pools of fresh water form on
bad that we cannot find a market for it and it is easier to crush through. The
the excellent potatoes we grow." As thermometer rises to 55 or 60 and
this is just on the line with some among the hummocls, seal lie basking
thoughts I had been rehearsing I feel or lift limpid eyes above the dark wa
constrained to make a remark or two. ter and watch you. Further out on a
Why is it there cannot be a market floe lies a big bull walrus with five foot
made for the sweet potatoes; will Ivory tusks gleaming in the sunyfromb
some one answer? But here comes the carcass streched indolently in the sun.
"Starch Factory" man and assures me If you shoot at him he will start at the
that they need all the sweet potatoes hum of the bullet and swaying from
that can be growntor use in "our cas- side to side back awkardly off the ice
sava factory." That from the sweet into a convenient break in the ice and
potato almost as great a per cent. of plunge to be seen no more. At ten
starch can be made as from cassava, o'clock at night the sun reaches the
If this be true why does he not pub- horizon and often sets in fantastic
lish it far and wide and induce the manner that is weird as the country
farmers to plant and plant heavily, he shines upon. As the red disk
My mind is stimulated to thought on reaches the line it flattens as a balloon
this line by a recent talk with said cas- might on impact, and becomes first
sava manager. I then suggested to my oval, then oblong, and finally a thin
manager that we utiMiz some of the horizontal line that mem9 t9 bound
thousands upon thousands of plants back again and resume Its original
we had in planting out a large acreage shape before sinking from sight. It is
ot sweet potatoes for the cassava fac- a sort of mirage due to the refraction
tory. The answer was,"All right it of the atmosphere. This same cause
you so advise, but there is nothing in often lifts the horizon and shows ice,
it." They will pay us only ten or fit- Islands, or open water which would or-
teen cents per bushel and no one can dinarily be far below the line.
grow sweet potatoes for any such mon- The S. S. Corwin, now owned by the
ey. Of course I accepted the state- Corwin Trading Company and on its
ment and consented to have the ground way to Nome with their expedition
utilized for other purposes. Now who was formerly the revenue cutter of
is right and who is wrong about this that name and was known all along
IU'luness? If the starch factories want th w-veat coat as a very able boat, per-
our sweet potatoes, why do they not haps the best In the service. She is
publish the fact to the growers and specially fitted for ice breaking, the
set a paying price upon them that they work she is now engaged in and the
will stand by. It would be a grand great floes split and grind along her
scheme for the growers who have sides without harming her where a
acres of nicely prepared land al- less staunch vessel would be sunk. The
ready for planting whore cassava has company have fitted her out for placer
failed this season; If now set to sweet mining, with abundant supplies and
potato plants. Why not? As you sug- the men who have her in charge are
gest, this has been a phenomenal sea- personally interested in the welfare of
son for putting out sweet potato plants the scheme. She carries carts for use
and it is yet not too late for setting on the beach and eight horses who are
more. I would suggest, however, that carefully stabled and are standing the
you first Interview the cassava factory trip well in spite of the novelty of their
managers and get a contract price for situation and conditions generally re-
the crop. Also canvass the northern garded as unfavorable, as they must
markets and see what may be done be at sea.
shipping the output North. The Company moreover are interest-
I note also a timely article on Can- ed in important coal mines in northern
ning factories. This is an inquiry in Alaska and the ship. after leaving the
the right direction. Let the subject expedition on the beach will proceed to
be thoroughly discussed: information thepowit t the coal mining outfit she
gathered; farmers stimulated to plant nas atoard ana proceed to worK oeme.
more fruits, such as we can grow here Finallly she carries abundant stock of
without protection and varieties of veg- of trading material for dealing with the
tables planted so that there may be natives or miners at points she may
something for the canning factories to touch en route.
work upon nearly "the year round." The rush for Nome has reached high
Now is the time to agitate the subject tide and it really looks as if the Corwin
while poeah growors are smarting un- wn at the ax of the wave A half
der the losses they are meeting flrom hundred steamers and sailing vessels
glutted markets, South and North. I are scattered along the route between
am told that bushels of peaches rot here and San Fransico. Two or three
on the ground in the peach orchards in are in the ice a half a dozen miles to
the vicinity of DeLand. With a fac' the south of us, a dozen are on the hor-
tory here in which surplus fruits and izon waiting for open water for they
vegetables could be utiYzed by canning dare not enter the ice, big ships, ocean
and by evaporating, what a blessing it liners, though they are and the docks
would he. It would enrourago lananish at Dutch Harhlo are lined writh thdm
itig inJJ. nd 3 it? ilt Tutrh Harbor qrv line11 irith thr-m
igs industries anta It wouil Ko alt while the passengers fume.
home immense sums of money now All Nome bound ships stop at Dutch
paid to northern canneries. I do hope Harbor and make the out of the way
others more acquainted with the sub- pot a metronors for a brief season.
jet will give us an ar'i.cle on these It Is a beautiful spot at this time of
ilullBatrigc. the yoapr Arto' the rough Ions of the
F A. A. SW. 1IMER Pacific for a week or more you enter
ieLand, Fla., July 4, 1X00. the pass where it seems as if all the
winds, of te world met together and
In the Bush for Nome. blew a hurly burly of rain and storm
On boardCorwin Trading Co's. S. S. (louds about the black heads ofAketan.
Cerwin, in the ice June 21st 1900. You sight the dignified figure of Priest
Editor Florida Agriculturist; rock as it stands guarding the en-
The S. 8. Corwin is at dock, tied up trance of Captains bay. You ,-. a
to an iceberg In Behring nea, 160 miles million sea birds that make the straits
from Nome and surrounded by floe ice their abiding place, and then you enter
as far as the eye can see. -There are a land locked bay and tie up to a mod-
fantastic ridges and piled blocks of ice ern dock, and you are at Dutch Harbor.
in all sorts of grotesque shapes, level To the right and left tower snow clad
nelas that stretch cable lengths, dotted peahe where the drifts mingle With
here and there by Mtlle pools of open the tundra to the very bay. Yet there is
water or threaded by narrow leads that no chill in the wind and on the tundra
opeh or close at the whim of the wind cowslip blooms and the anemone lifts
and tide, but everywhere it is ice and its white head beside the white drifts.
the path through which the staunch The quaint, once Russian, town of Un-
littile Fcat BUSied her way hopN is a- alaska lies at the root or those hills and
ready closed behind her. But we do snuggles about the uminaroij of toe
not care for the path behind. Forward Greek church as if for protection, but
i. the word and soon we begin to steam it is no more the old town that it once
ahead and pushing the heavy cakes was. The houses of the Alaskan Com-


mmIM CHESTER

W NEW RIVAL"

F Ltff f iMmffS
NJ black powder slhef on the market coam with the "N NW RIVAL" La am.
formity and trugiheetiag quaUties. bure fire waterpreo. G"t the genel. -
WIOIIESlTH RWEATIM ARMS CO. ri m, .C



SEED! SEED! ...


Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gaines-
ville to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special induce, ents to pur-
chasers of Seed Oats, Seed Potatoes, Velvet Beans, etc.


I HAVE

N-800 POUNDS-m

ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE SEED
READY FOR DELIVERY.


Address all orders and Inquiries to
P. F. WILSON, Jacksonville, Florida.


MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE
S CTo male close conner-
Florid l tionswith steamers leave
NeW York Jacksonville (Union de-
pot) Thursdays 1:15 i. m..
Phila- (F C P. By.)or Fernan-
dimna 1:3p. m., via Cim-
delphia berland steamer; me&al
de p hi ee jout, or "all rail" via
PDoIII ybivPu, at 7,4lp. m.I
IOStO rl I a, Brunswick Un: p. m.
phsei rper o an rrll l Io-
From Brunswick direct to tingdinrctly a'ordtteam
New York SrC--."- er.
PROPOSED SAILINGS for July, 1900.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK. GA..DIRECT TO NEW YORK LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY 4S FOLLOWS:
8.- U B ...........*.................F.Priday, July 6,
S. S. RIO GRANDE... ... ............................ Friday, July 13.
S. S. COLORADO .............................. .... Friday, July 20
S. S. RIO GRAND ................ ...................... Friday, July 29.
For lowest rates, reservations and full information apply to
BASIL GILL0
220 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla
SU all Ml ory A I .t, 'enand na. -larw
C. H. Mallory & CO., Gieneral Agents, ier z ni. n. iew York.


mercial Co. hide the sod huts 0f tae .
aleuts and the Jesse Lee home for or-
phans, a protestant charity, looms as
ligh if not as beautiful architectural-
ly as the church of the other denomina-
tions A score or more of Aleut or-
phans Inhabit this home and are taught
handiwork, elementary morals, and
right living. The Russian school is un-
(Continued on page 333.)


rI
LIGHTING ELL ACHY
IS~s T" STADAR


_ __ ___ I








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. '

(Continued from page 332.) smooth level surface. It would look
der the lea of the church and looks up- somhihn like n A Naew Bo k For M en
on the work of the other institution which stumps had been taken out and AN Book For M
D o 8 with lack or approval. In either case it the holes imperfectly filled or left
your hair its not for long. The Aleut, half Russian- open. If we examine a new ditch
S arzed though he be, is passing, and a in new land, we find this stratum Seeal Arragements Whereby a Free
S lit at : few more aonerationa will find him sometimes approaching the top, and Copy Can Be Obtained by Every
the end? etiunet "s U l language now IX, ror no s .= -, i X- O S or ;Ti riper
no longer speaks Aleutian. His speech the surface the clay is hard by and weeks te
SCan you is a jargon in which the mother tongue conversely. It no doubts follows the have been busy the
pul oul t a is confounded with Russian until the configuration of the clay. out the enormonuse
forefathers would not recognize it. He How this hardpan is formed is not kn of Dr. J. Newton
nd f a u l, good nature but unreliable and can- difficult to explain, when we know that "Manli ness Vigor,
A by run- not be weaned from drink. Becauseof it consists of sand and muck like the Health"--neeesary to
A R i your l ig rColammerclaS Companes ue too ail. We all khvw that a ir aT ar the a do-
dropping him as a workman and sub- the surface is valuable to lands chief- has reserved a truite
fBngers through It? stituting the Japs who are immigrat- ly because it "holds the fertilizers;" number of these books,
S ing even to this far corner of the Pa- in other words it arrests manurial par- andthesehehasspeciaye
S Does t seem d and coast tiles which would otherwise, by rain- maltcareaersofthes
lifeless ? All the steamers stop at Dutch Har- water, be carried down out of reach of paper who send names
Give y r hir a bor for coal, and most of them as they roots. Likewise has it during ages or Dr. Hathaway has coined his
e your air a steam out on the road for Nome stop caught particles of decaying vegeta- practice almost exclusivelytodiseasesof men,
Sh anc e. Feed it. at the cod banks and fish. We did, and tion, ashes and charcoal, carried down and during that time he has restored more men
The roots. are- J ene na not If we, fn d icto heaitli. vigor, usefulness and happiness than
T rots re nir the space of two hours caught a ton the same way. If we, in a new ditch any ten other doctors In the country combined.
T e ro s are not of great cod. splendid fish that were a examine the quicksand above the hard Dr. Hathaway treats and cures by method
dead; they are weak welcome to our laraer. we aug, e- pan, we find at various depths minute h isel' an disemered and x v elyted
beca use sides, several barrels of clams. Of what black specks on their way downward. Vitality. Varicocele, Stricture, Blood Poisoning
befell in our farther race through tie A thousand years ago this sand was in its different stages, Rheumatism, Weak Back,
starved-.that's all. artic ice, and how we fared at Nome coaser than now, which made the in- all manner of urnDary complait, Ulcers, Sores
The I will tell in another letter. terstices larger. This, of course facil- of Kidney Troubles. His treatment for under-
A. G. KINGSBURY itated the descent of the humus, toned men restores lost vitality and makes the
best ANow that we know what hardpan is patient a strong, well, vigorous man.
Dr. Hathaway's success in the treatmentof
h I and how it originated, the next ques- Varicocel and Stricture without the aid of knite
What Is Hard PanF tion is, how does it injure vegetation? or cautery is phenomenal. The patient Is treat-
Ifood What is hardpan? This is a ques- We have seen that fts surface is o f bthisme fhodmahisown hosswthsoutpai
or lossof time from business. This is positively
i lion seldom asked. Everybody is sat- very uneven, and that it is very im- tle only treatment which cures without anoer-
isfied with knowing or believing it is permeable, because its pores are till- action. Dr. Hathawaycalls thepartcular atten-
V l O poisonous to plant life. It is the or- ed with humus, and it Is hardened by at fees 2 from Varole and o hs newe book t
\\ -* diange grower's hoorror but the land the weight upon it and the expanding Every case taen by Dr. Hathaway is speercia
or agent's delight; for, by representing of rap roots. Rainwater sinks down treated according to itsnture, allunderhised-
all lands but those in his charge as un- and is intercepted by the hardpan. It himareprepaervdfromtheparestandestdugsn
If OU don't want derlaid with hardpan. he often gains cannot make its way through it ex- hisown aboratoriesunderhs ersonalove
our hir to di na a customer The suspicion of hard Dan ceDt very slowly. Were its surface D. Hathaway maes no care for
y has man y man to se uls yo ng sllootu iLna lopmg, t water woula en ken one o covers a
Ayer's H air Vi or grove on which he has spent more run along it and soon paMs off. As it cost ofmedicines and professional services.
once a day. It makes than double the money he has ob- is, it settles in the basins.-L. H., in i to haehis parents gallon him for atleast
tainted for it when sold. Hard pan Times-Union and Citizen. one interview, but this is not essential as he has
the hair grow, stops causes orchardists to adopt the absurd cured scores of thousands of patients in an seo-
k *lin plan of planting their tionsOf the world whom he has never see. His
falling, and re dan- plan o planting their trees on Florida's Advantage. System of Home Treatment s so perfected that
mounds; and when they have killed he can bring about a cure as surely and speedly
odrufs. pilin onto them h ke Ma-ny farmers in Florida have learn- a though the patient calleddaly at his ome,
db n.hthe moch ey tilo iedea, "Choose first
It always restores earth, they again exclaim "hardlpan o hcl forth the iea r sChois NWTONATAWA rs
cYlond on lake winle. dining a cypress I would appear from the above prop- Dr. wayats .
haior ito grayv r fails.ed5 Bryn Street, savannah, CW6
lhair it never fails. e t ositon that they calculated the prop- MENTION THIS Pp wHN wrIGo.
Sit aen- r a- t acquaintance with hrdpforthepro. dThe dich ion o
s"one aiOsUor A' Hair Vun ry through land of varying level. lIarud- Ifi W"t lit TH H i-
S m fUll pan was encountered wherever tlie and that by cultivation, these proper-
Sdtirtdto alnnlty.~ f ditch was more than ten inches deen, ties can be utizthy of consideration n
Sarch Canova, Ik. and at a depth of from four inches to that the Florid farmer, instead o
"A| 's ai" '^ lgor completeiv two feet below the surface. Some of That whl kill
earenmfom dandruff, wtthwht the land had an uncommonly heavy confinng himself to a three to fivt -, -' allthe ieeds
Yl N&sitldlice td ts beesroth e coat of wiregrass, with turf so heavy year rotation system for maintain F all the weeds
and tough that I had successfully fertility of the soil, easily follow- in your lawn.
LadnO.GeOBE, anid it for making roads on "usrub the annual rotation system, claiming If you keep
April. NewYaork,.T. H and". lire the hard pan was m- thereby that the crops are easier (ulti- the weeds cut
lf you do ot obtain an the benth n vareatd subject to fewer diseases an
Felo ixpectd i aen wethe e o Br mediately beneath the the top soil, and iats subject o t ewer diseso they do not
l t-, ri the eDo rbottt. penetrated by grass roots for some insect est. they
D J. C. Aa w11, s. distance down. At other places a lay This is a matter suggestive of much go to seed
J Ler of white or ". qicAk" sand was be- thought for the farming interest. That and cut your
teen the top soil and the hardpan. the soil is capable of, and posesses grass without
There the vegetation was mostly saw exceptional adaptation to the product- breaking the small feeders of roots
TRIUES 9p9I 12B5 AnD UP Palmetto, gallberry or black runners tion of staple products of which, with- gr i be h n
Tir SSES,9 9 aear -ii t surAa,-e in urrtain l oundrlie is only ,leinlnl lnhe B-riar _il iecfmB thigh antd
more yellow d a could cut with s to be fairly recognized. eeds will disappear. Send for
spade. -Lower down it got darker and Most of these agricultural products catalogue.
daker and could sometimes scarcely dof the more Northern States are sue- THE CLIPPER WILL DO IT
darker and could sometimes scarcely ccssfully grown in Florida. The sta-
Sbe pierced with an adze. CLIPPER LAWN MOWER CO.
Isn r A very heavy rain fell. an I :art"- pies of (oi-, cotton, sweet potatoes,
.I ^ Uo ward the hardpan thrown out of the and tobacco being successfully grown Norristown, Pa.
fi^i U a orour 6a ar" ditch looked considerably darker than upon illmenae areas over the entire
s~l.5" meutro RT am re before, and was even pure whit, in State, all grown under the annual ro-T
eLao~tml sa to- r e b e a n u i station systein And many points are
s1tyj^ a e, towlog m been some places instead of snuff colored. station system. And many points are A STI
~~~~ Ora mn ne' rts t I then began to doubt if it was brown cleared thereby with no perceptive
W9en buckeins ad o nuff t o f al ri an dr tile an ear M ONUM ENTS
;3s;*S nsh oy'>r~orw le^ sand, as I had been told, and with the ualJpro dnctlo oed therefrom to tye an.r


males s A 1 d1st m &Go.Cmma t la tter Pure wite The dirty Wlater I er worthy of Iore thought and obser-
urA ro -R o.Ci M. poured into a tub, After a while the nation by our more Northern farmers.
pled tock e sediment precipitated, and the water ocan only question the the capac- MARBLE and RANITE.
trukt trees and Was carefully drawn off. The remains ity of their soil as compared with ours.
pants, both tropi- were found to be glistening The distinctive feature, however, of
oal and hardy; use- muck, having an oily feeling and so Florida agriculture may be said to be on aol - -
or Codee si sl, fine that a good microscope failed to in the fact that the small fruits ild I'r cemetery and lawn encloseres
atc.; ornamental, separate the individual particles It vegetables, like tomatoes, celery, cab-
et.or ho ame, had no taste now, although the water bag, lettuce. strawberries, etc., which All work guaranteed. Prices reasona-
aos, Grasses, Con- that had held it suspended tasted are prominent productions of this bileg
Flower ng highly sour like that of a muck hole State. are grown in the winter season Correspond with
lssrub, vine- ereep- in pond. Nevertheless. when we consider other EO. R. NICHOLS ac CO.
r or erfe. for' house' The hardpan is found at different large stable crops which are produced 605 Harrison Street,
ant catalogue for te depths, from the very surface to flf- here in summer, on the early rotation TAMP - FLORIDA
SeW io depths, from the very surface to fif. in
aRtiASOgIR BoB, teen feet or more below it. It rests system we may be justified in the
Ones. i as far as I know always on the clay above proposition..-S. F. Gardiner, in
The deeper down'it is found the dark- Southern Cultivator. The Practical
CANCER--PIgLES. er it generally is. This Is pVpaly AND SIMPLE
CAN CKrr iLi. due to the weight of the earth above TO THE DEAF. AND SIMPLE
CANCER CURED WITHOUT PAIN. All Dine land with clay not very near A rich lady, cured of her deafness and BARRED WIRE
NO KNIFE UIBD. the surface are underlined with this noises in the head by Dr. Nlcholson's FENCE BUILDER.
CURE GUARANTEED. stratum, and by far the best pine lands Artificial Ear Drums, gave $10,0000 to his PRICE- S$.oo.
Schave ever seen are those to where it Instftute, so that deaf people unable to V. SCHMELZ,
Wt00 for a ree bof 1Pled we s 't cue. comes up to the very top. If the earth procure the Ear Drums may have them Sv9vanLak, Fla.
rlte JAI ANIaJlUM, above it should be removed the hard- free. Address 1221c. The Nicholson In- SvlvanLake, Fla.
IBeiwlw, .- t pan would by no means present a stitUste, 780 Eighth Avenue, New York. "Certificate Am. Inst. Fair."










434 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


HOUSEHOLD DEPABTME3T.

Address all communications to the
Household Department, Agriculturist,
P eLand, Fla.

A HELPFUL CORNR.

Sat in the Household.
Besides being a necessary ingredient in
most linds of cookery, an appetizing ad-
itL on to many articles of raw food, ae
the prime necessity in catching a bird,
the laundress puts a trifle of salt in her
stanch, adds It in larger quantity to the
water in which she washes ingghams and
lhie s senod ttlrlos, mut It wrll ipU the
spots where oxeac acld has been applied
to remove iron stain to neutrlale the
acid; or maootth the flat iron 'by rubbing
kt upon salt apiinkled on a bit of paper,
The housewife adds a pinch to the wa-
ter in her bouquet-holder that the flow-
er may retain their re~shness; scours
the tea or doffee stains from the cups
with it; mas a portion put in wittewash
to make it adhere more oloeely to the
surfacee ahhoWa ali ed dbtaina. a food
iaiuilfty uiiwua i a naanul s iasw a0Ts
coal fre with no exploeive results; or if
the wood fire gets beyond her control and
the chimney catches fire, a quantity
thrown into the stove serves as a damper
to the flames; f the brick gives way in
her cooking range, a paste of equal parts
of salt ard wood ashes mixed wtrn cold
water and given a Jlittle time to harden
well supplies 'the loas; for cleaning every
article of brass or copper, salt 'with vine-
gar or a slice of lemon is caled into use,
and followed by brisk olishing with a
solt, dry towel.
In the nurse's department, the home
doctor" applies the strong solution of
salt and vinegar to the sprain; the heat-
ed salt-bags, or aelt mingled with hops,
,for the relief of severe pain; for a strong
poultice beat together salt and the yolk
of an egg; for inflamed eyelids or slight
spot of skin poisoning uses t!h weak so-
lution of salt and water; apphis dry salt
"9R 4a l61wfnlurr Iaaftw1 Ia %MR= ?N :=:
having a 'womet a idlrY e5tA .ti 'InS
gums; as a dry shampoo, rubbing balt
into the hair ait nidt to he combed out
in the morning, leaving a clean i;,:alp;
administers salt for hemorrhage of the
lungs or stomach; or a spoonful in a
glass cold water for nausea; for slight
burns and fresh cuts, binds on the af-
feoted parts moistened salt; for neural-
gia of feet or limbs bathes those parts
with the strong solution of salt in water
as 'hot as is bearable.
The testkiony of the "good book" is
that "salt is good," and she who holds
the threefold position of housewife, nurse
and laundress (as do many wives) must
surely have often proven this true, and
realized the terseness and strength of the
utterance.-Houseeeeper.

Household Bints.
Add a pinch of salt to coffee to give
tt tone.
Sprinkle clothes with hot water and a
whisk broom.
Try rubbing tough meet with a cut
lemon to make it tender.
Rub celery on the hands to remove the
odor of onionoe
Add one or two tablespoonfuas of sugar
to strong turnips 'when cooking.
Mix stove blacking with a little an-
monia to prevent It burning off.
Add a few drops of ammonia to the
blue water to whiten the clothes.
Add a little sugar to mNk to prevent it
sticking to the vessel while boiling.
Place an apple in the bread and cake
boxes to keep bread ard cake moist.
Mix a little cornstarch with salt before
falling the salt htaker, to prevent its
cloggi ig.
Add a tablespoonful of kerosene to a
pail of clear hot water to wash the win-
dows.
SprAnkle grated dheeoe over oatmeal
porridge instead of sugar and eat with
Wet a cloth in elder vinegar, wrap
cheese in it to keep moist and prevent
molding.
Dip a bit of parsley in vinegar and eat
to sweeten the breath and remove odor
after estin onloriB.
Dip stale doughnuts in cold water,
place in a paper bag, heat thoroughly in
the oven and serve Hit.
Mix flour and sugar together, before
adding water, to prevent lumping, where
flour and sugar are used In making
sauces.
Add a tablespoontul of vinegar and a
tablespoonful of sugar to ounteraot any-
thing that has accidentally been made
too m tty.
Make a splendid furniture polish by
taking a wine glass of olive oil, one of
vinegar and two tableapoonfule of alco-
hol, apply with a soft cloth and polish
with flannel.-Ex.

Stuffed lromlatoe on Tout.
Select six large flan tomatoes of uni-
form size. Wipe, cut off a slice Itom
the stem end and leave the skin on.
Sooup out all the uice and seeds and
the pulp from the center, leaving a thick
portion of it next the skin. Drain and
scald tfe juice and pulp, strain out the
seeds, and save the liquor. Cook one-
half tablespoonful minced onions in one
level tablespoonful hot butter till yellow,
add enebal cup cooked laknb, veal or
chictken minced f e, one cup of soft
bread erumbrs, tow talblesoons cream,
one level 'teaspoon salt, one-fturth tea-


spoon pepper and enough tomato pulp to
moisten, mix thoroughly to a smooth
,paste, fill the tonnato shells with the
mixture, and snouah it up in dome shape
on the top. Have ready six rounds of
bread free from crust, and cut about half
an ndh larger than the tomato. Sooop
out a portion from the center and spread
all over ,with softened butter. Arrange
them in a we-4buttered granite baking
pan, lay a tomato on each bread cup,
preBsig it well into the cavity, and bake
about fifteen minutes, or until brown, be-
ing careful not to brown the bread. Re-
move with a breed knife to a dish for
serving, garnish wi parsley and serve
as an entree.-Ex.

Good Reaipes.
The following recipes wMll be found
helpful Lto Ut o y6. uwi 6. wa has
sickness in her Amnily and flnd it hard
to suit ,the caprilous appetite:
Barley Water.-Barley water is prefer-
aMbe to rice water in oses of diarrhoea.
To make ft boil two outdes of pearl bar-
ley in a pint of water a short time.
Throw away lte water from the barley
and add two quarts of boiling water.
oill down to one quart of water and
strain. If desired, a little seit or eulga
hIR a mamd.
Ric6 W#itr IS iUB1 Iu se t so amu way.
Toast Watier.-To'i t water Is made by
pouring cold wlter over brown toast.
Let it stand a while, then strain and
sweeten.
Tapioca, sage and arrowroot are also
used when no solid lood is allowed. Care
should *be taken that they are entirely
dissolved.
Broths.-Beet tea and chicken broth, if
properly made and all fat removed by
laying a piece of tissue paper on the top
of the liquid to abasor the fat, repeating,
if necessary, Is an excellent food to keep
up the strength of the patient. Crackers,
added to these broths, will be amnog the
first solid food allowed, and It is abso-
lutely necessary that the crackers be
good. This -has always beue one of the
difficulties in small towan, where a fresh
supply is brought in only occasionally,
but now 'that the Uneeda biscuit has been
vlaied on bhe market there ill be no
islsalt si s tx ass 9aa
uneeda s a pereaot cracker, tender, lignt
and delicious, and, as it Is put up In
moiature-proof packages, it does not get
tough or stale, as the other brnds do.
cPtesl barley or rice are also good in the
broths.
Dishes With Eggs.-Oustard made of
one egg, one cupful of milk, sugar to
taste, and a lttle nutmeg or lemon, is
usually lked.
Eggs dropped or poached are very
nourishing, but one tires of the sane way
of serving. Try heating a Uneeda bis-
outt, spread with butter, and place on It
an egg, which 'has 'been dropped into
boiling salted water, then set where it
will only simmer until the white is set.
Put a bit of bInter and a dash of pepper
on the egg and serve at once.
Osy'ters.-Oysters are usually relished
and seldom disagree with the patient af-
ter the doctor has given his penmission to
serve solid food. The best way to serve
them at first is, when made In to a stew,
using as mudh water as there Is Juice
from 'the oysters, and milk -to equal both;
let it cone to a boil, then add the oye-
ters, and let It boll up once. Remove
from the fire, add butter, salt and pep-
per: serve with Uneeda biecuits.
simple Puddings and Toast.-Puddings
made with milk end egs, with the ad-
dition of rice, crackers, or tapbeca, and,
if allowed, a few -English currants, are
strengthening and form a pleasant
change. Toast made from light bread or
Uneeda bicults and simply buttered is
often liked. For a change, soften the
toast by pouring over i *boiling milk, or
a dinwn butter sauce.
Dainty Serving.-The dishes in which
these articles ar cooked should, have
Special attention, especlaly those con-
taining milk, as it is rather more difii-
cutit to remove than other things, and
servants are *provetblaily careless. If the
dishes are filed with water end a little
pearllne added as soon as the food is
taken from t1rem, then allowed to stand
a short itie, they wlM be washed per-
fect4y clean and sweet. Always serve
food for the rick in ao dainty a manner
as possible, and In the prettiest dishes te
be 'had. Experience.

LiAtle ilMC ngs of Dress.
Madagascas grass straw hats for
women with folid of canvaseke trim-
mings in colors are $2. These grass hats
are delightfully coamirtable. So are the
linen hats, and more and taore of these
are to be seen. Wauin's dear old friend,
the sailor, In it pure, uamlloyed condi-
tion, Is seen so seldom that it is notice-
able. Every other hat one sees in straw
is in sone variety of the sailor shape,
but it is larger and so trimmed that it
does not bear even a fardly reaemnblance
to Its friend 1te tittle round sailor
trimmed with a sain band.
Now that 'the upper portion of the bod-
ice Is so generally cut awray to show a
ohemisette or guatnpe, great attention Is
bestowed upon this picturesque suticle of
dress. Ohina silk, French lawn, liberty
sRk and surah, laid in fine lingerie tucks.
are the fabrics most used for gidmpe
on everyday gowns. Por more dressy
wear dainty styles are formed of inter-
sected ribbon-black velvet, for ieotance,
crossed with colored satin or two Shades
of a color in fllBt ribon about an inch
wide.
The entire deux, strips of lace and mull.
are findng their way italo he thinnept
stocks, Juat a plain strip to go around
the neck, wfth long ands to tie in front.


Mull ties are made now as -the ribbon
ones were earlier in the season, the
straight piece witlch goes around the
'neck having In the center four or five
heavy cords to give It body, the emad be-
Ing of the plain mui and long enough to
cross in ithe back and tie In front. They
and the stock are frequently edged with
lace.
Simple little waist tie are made of silk
about the width of an ordinary soft silk
necktie, pointed at the ends and Imply
hemmed around the edges on the ma-
chins. They are ong enough to pass
around the waist and tie in a small bow
with rather long aids.
The collars and lapds that are to be
found to wear with almost anything In
the way of coat or bodice are of lInen
wth applicati ms of tawe, linen edged
with lace, heavy isen and linen gause,
weait lawn mas mo ine manS, entae aBux
collars and ta and mull.
A pretty gown which a young girl tfids
serveieable is of black cape de chine. It
is simply made, and has on the bodies a
broad cellar of Renoasue lace outlining
a little round yose of imnecemeent, as
the French call ft. The collar s pointed
with two long gpoliA coming down on
either aide of the front. The yoke and
stock are of turquoise blue taffeta
=o22ed -rlith nmrw !ito velvet rdbbn,
Usa abuieo is a lAtIa u t D ot t lnwe time:
The empecansent and belt can be
changed at will tor others on a different
style, giving a pleasant Iposibility of va-
riety.
Homespun is having a pleasant little
period of popularity this year. It is a
sensible, practical goods, excellent for
traveling, and many traveling gowna are
to be seen of it. Belge Is a good color,
and in the homespun a gown is practical-
ly indedtruotible, and will look well as
long as ft remains in style. Traveling
oapes are made of the homespun, the
long coats intended for service, and in
some of them the high storm collar and
the hood which encirlles the shoulders
are lined wtwth plad.--.-U. & C.

Good 'Belpe.
Baked Oustard.-~Al of the readers of
chlH d i.o11 l .0 1 t 4 w k, .het the
rtcltzaf &I a6i aF t ssEi'ry i tias
making of custaid. To make a nice cus-
tard bring the miilk to the boding point,
pour it over the wel beaten yolks, Set
In the oven and bake Spread jdely over
the top, and over all the whites beaten
into a stiff froh with sugar to form a
meringue.
Rye Bread.-lMake a sponge as for
wheat bread at night (use mlk if possi-
ble), in the morning stir An rye flour till
it can be kneaded with the spoon; a
wooden one is easier to handle, knead,
turn over anid ever until smooth, take
ten minutes at least. Htve deep and
narrow pars ready and fill half fuU or a
little more, and when light bake. It de-
pends on the sponge how much rye flour
to use, about haM and ihf.
Apple Balad.-Select tart, mellow ap-
ples, pare, core and slice. To 2 cups ap-
pies add 1 cup chopped wasknut, cover
with cooked mayonpmi dressing and 1
cup whipped sweet wmam. (Lesn nuts
may be used.) Cooked maynnimse dress-
ing: Four egg yolks, and 1 whole egg, 6
tablespoons butter. Scald vinegar, beat
eggs till eight, add them to hot vinegar,
remove from fire and put in butter. Put
in bottles and keep ior use when nieed-
ert
Potato Seaad.--lied or ooaely chop-
ped cold boiled 'p1otntoen, add dressing
made as follows: 4 egg yolks "a=d one
whole egg whipped until light; 4 table-
spoons of nice cider vinegar; cook to-
getiher, stirring from all sides until t
oonmneroes to thicken; remove from the
fre and add 4 teaspoons of sat, 1 of
sugar. 1 of mustard. 1-4 of pepper end a
very little red pepper; to one-half cup of
this dressing add on4-alf oup sweet
cream and add ondan to fleor, ainely
chopped or the Julte only. The dressing
will keep a long 'Utas therefore to make
the salad take what is needed in addition
to the crea m to moisten the potatoes and
if more seasoning Is liked, add more in
the proportion given.-Ex.

IIOW'S THIS?
We offer One Hundred Dollars Re-
ward for any case of catarrh that can-
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. Cheyney Co., Proprs., Toledo,
0.
We, the undersigned, have known F.
J. Cheyney for the past 15 years, and
believe him perfectly honorable in all
business transactions and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by their firm.
West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists,
Toledo, Ohio.
Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Whole-
sale Druggists, Toledo, O.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken Inter-
nally, acting directly upon the blood,
and mucous surfaces of the system.
Price 75 cents per bottle. Sold by all
druggists. Testimonials free.
Hal's Family Pill are the best.


CRITICAL PERI:D8

h Woman's Life Are Made DuIin
ous by Pelvio Catarrh.


Mrs. Mathilde Richter, Donlphan
Neb.. says:
"I suffered from catarrh for mans
years, but since I have been taking Pe-
ru-na I feel strong and well. I would
advise all people to try Pe-ru-na. As I
used Pe-ru-na and Man-a-lln while I was
passing through the change of life, I am
positively convinced your beneficial
remedies have relieved me from all my
tila."
Pe-ru-na has raised more women from
beds of sickness and met them to work
again than any other remedy. Pelvis
catarrh is the bane of womankind. Pe-
uNRne Is H11 IlHe atf iBRnRFFII I ai farmM
and stages. Mrs.Col. Hamilton,Colum.
bus,0., says: I recommend Pe-ru-na ts
women, believing it to be especially
beneficial to them."
Send for a free book written by Dr.
Hartman, entitled Health and Beauty."
Address Dr. lartman, Columbus,O.


1.98 BUYS A 3.50-SUIT
man s FAA waronxASTwo.
mm emms- o mm ag



mant y ~ O.D. oibt to -
a ex Is -atr y
M. geu I f-oId met Imt
Wilsey a owed eas I 11






esitesurn Poultry Fr
t slas IM tyb ft b *S outr sA-t
Ma W Ita.lT aa m a.
4 m o tl l Oe yrm2Bi
SIt tlluI bw t make pouly maptemaI


proftable Itto u to Motoaede
a Bead to We l b ad uce
m Umam.tr.smb~s63biss
er for 7 et~s m allon. Aluminum



Weband for post ultry, 1 do ltry Farm,



It tells how to make littry ralsn
profitable. It is up to date pages.
send to day. We sell best liquid lice lll-
er for 75 etps gallon. Aluminum let
bands for poltry, 1 dos., I at.; X or f
cts; s for g ota; la for tL.



CtT M AAL meI
aMd tO ON" YO7
=A bow als..
pamer and.06114
Sale96

e*-se @qsin. C. i
express Og-e sad

,mw -ce Iga.
.m\ do T w








UantMoiti 84b forl asas

Ws,_ .Maill Yssers d si 1ag Wi or s


*i Vija 0- on="


I I








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 435


POULTRY D.APBZMXNT.

AfAi sm all sam8 aistian a? ?P?'
try Department, Box 200, DeLand, Fla.

Baths for Poultry.
While it is best to have a pond or
stream of water for ducks it is not pos-
Itively necessary. They can be raised
with water in a trough sunk in the
ground. Of course it will be necessary
to change the water occasionly to pre-
vent its becoming foul. The Pekin and
Aylesbury seem to thrive better in this
way than the common or puddle ducks.
A dust bath is as needful for the hen
as water for a dock. Whatever the
naluplal uaeo may lio It should alm yy
bu dry and fine. Dirt is excellent, but
the habit of placing dirt in a box for
hens without sifting it or removing the
small stone and gravel, is not a good
one. The dirt should be so fine that
It will fy in every direction. When a
hen dusts herself, says P. H. Jacobs, it
Is not for the purpose of wallowing in
It, but to throw the dust over her body
hence if the material used is not dry
and fine it will be of but little service
to the hens. Ashes are often used, but
there is a difference between those
produced from coal and those from
coal. They should be alfted fine, and
either kind may be used in fair weath-
er. Should a wet spell come on, how-
e*er, avoid those from wood, as the
contact with water renders then in-
jurious to the skin, owing to their
caustic, alaline properitles.-Farm,
Field and Firede.

roFts tIn poultry.
The most important feature in poul-
try raising is the cost. It ds certain
that properly managed poultry- rats-
ing Is a paying business. In what
branch of farming can we obtain
greater interest on our money? The
estimate value of a hen is one dollar.
If she lays one hundred eggs the first
year, nad one hundred and twety-flve
the second, the value of the eggs is at
least three dollars. Allowing each hen
one gill of corn a day (which Is suf-
ficient), in one year she will ecnsume
les than one and one half bushel.
Rating corn at fifty cents a bushel, the
whole expenditures is but seventy-five
cents plus the value of the hen, or one
dollar and seventy-five cents, leaving
your hen and one dollar and twenty-
five cents in cash. If you keep a flock
of twenty hens, a good but inexpen-
sive poultry house with fixtures and
all extras for poultry can be paid for
in one year by the excess over one cent
an egg as in the winter moths eggs
are sometimes worth thirty cents a
dozen. This is simply the egg basis.
This, with the raising of young chicks,
win pay all expenses and leave a
li-1 Ar<& 4k.At In A &- u.4 *


land. where the water stands in pools' i 7 -
after a rain. Yet the fwls have a nat-ast oast
rural range, are in perfect health and
enjoy an aDuntinno or paturi-age.-- TIME TABLE MU. 9f. IN EPFPU JUNE il. A10.
Amertnan A .minlure.


Pullets' Eggs Preferable.
P. T. Woods. Essex Co., Mass..
writes the following in regard to pul-
lets for the Country Gentleman.
"A practical poultryman 'has demon-
strated to his own satisfaction' that
ipullets' eggs will hatch better and
Stronger chicks than the eggs of year-
lings or old hens, and, it is said, 'he
has the figures at hand to prove it.' An-
other poultryman is equally certain
that the reverse is true and is equally
ready to 'inraTr' hin annartisa A Itaiil
Ing experiment station has shown that
pullets are more profitable as layers
than hens; while there are many who
are sure that their hens equal or-ex-
eel the pullets as egg producers. It is
paradoxical, yet each 'demonstration'
is undoubtedly honest and right ac-
cording to the point of view.
Before going further, it will be well
to give a few definitions for fear of
being misunderstood. By pullet, 1
mean a bird in its first year as a lay-
er; by yearling, a hen in its second
year as a layer, (it may be eighteen
to twenty.one months old when It obe
gins life as a yearling): by two year
old, a hen in its third year as a layer.
Some have used the argument that
In figuring the profit for a pullet's egg
production the cost of raising the pul
let to laying maturity should be charg-
ed against her. It seems to me that
this is unfair, since tne value of the
carcass will be in excess of cost of
raising the bird; and, If we have hens
we must first have pullets. The value
of the birds as poultry balances the
cost of production or purchase, and
whether we have hen or pullet we
have a bird in either case and both
start even.
It is easier to get a larger winter egg
yield from pullets than from yearlings
or two-year-olds, and where winter egg
production is the object, better results
are obtainable where the majority of
the flock are early hatched oullets
But yearlings and older hens can be
made to lay quite as well as pullets,
and It is unwise to uispose of all the
old stock at the close of its pullet year.
It is sometimes difficult or Impossible
to grow a sufficient number of really
good early pullets to replace the en-
tire stock of fowls, even If that were
desirable. Then, it takes a year's ac-
quaintance with a layer to know of
what she is capable. If all old hens
are sold in the fall to make room for
pullets, we shall surely dispose 9f some
of the best breeders, birds whose good
qualities we have learned and wish to
perpetuate in their offspring."


Amerl- A .-i*-


LT. Jacksonville. .............. ..I7 4> 7 2il6au &1a pOOplO t
Ar. Pablo Beach........ ..... ... 7.. 10ip 7 S iUl O
* ayport. ....... .::....::. ..... .... .. .iIlO a .....


STATIONS
LTl ay r.............................. 4
" ablo Beach ...... .............I ma
Ar. Jacksonville ........................... a


No183 Ui
Daily~mi
mxae SuY


Nro.= No.5N416111
Sea

exODD only2 on
,or eIuma
I m njl Ui
lOC saiaisa


Xo,&l No.
sa See
OB


Between Now Snmyr adA Orang Betwee Tit-vill a S-anod.
City Juotioe. No.11 TAr asa. ioi
No. No.l. STATION. No. 2No.4. T Lv.........Tui .......... Ar
U4a ..New m ..Ar" .............M m........... .. lUp
WSpll.t>la Lake Helen. Lvi I2S0p Sl6p SB 4'...0.8c............... U
*pl-It2>p ..Orange C'ity.. liop 4 ll .......... iterpriwa.......... . 1I
aalnpl21. iAr.OrangeC'yJet. 100l 4OQ
3 5p U 1 Oisir. range -y 40j0
All trains between New Smyrna and Orarni All trains between Tituvile and Sanford
(ity June ion daily exeeit Sunday. daily except lSundy.

Steamship Connections at Miami.
KEY WEST LINE. -


Leave M',ml Sundays, Tuesday% WednesdaU adlMy& ............................ 1:P m.
Arrive Key West Mondays.Wednesdays, Thurdv &ud Stnrd ................... SAOp lm.
Leave Key Wes. Thursday and Sunday................................................ S200p m.
Arrive itaui Fridays an Mondays................................................... m.
HAVANA LINE. -
SOUTHBOUND STEAMERS TOUCH AT KEY WEST; NORTHBOUND SAIL
DIRECT. HAVANA TO MIAML
Leave Miami Sundays and Wednelsay. .......................................... 1. p. m.
Arrive Havana Tuedays and ridays ....................... ..... ................. m.
Leave Havana Tueays and Fridays.................................................0 U0a. m.
Arrive Miai lnesdays andSturda ..................... ...................... 5.0a. m.


i, *b f Us..,.ne. at j uultruLet These Time fa )ies show the times at wnio trains
must be used in selecting stock, and American Enterprise at Paris from the several stations bat their arrival or d prt
great attention should also'be paid to Among the striking and original ex- ted, nor doe the Company hold ltili response for
breeding. hibits at he Paris Exhibition of 1900 Fothrcopyof ltill im.re
fewN have occasioned more favorable j. p. Bongg l'rm rer.
Grit for Jowls. comment than the great map of the St. Augustine.
United States. 18x1l. feet. exhibited by
The larger the number of fowls tile wrel-known advertising ageny of S NDUS ONE D LLAR
rat, iortanc it i to provl e th:lin Lord and Tllma Chicago and Newv ".i isled tW-lldaMt l m
with grit. It can be easily ascertained York. This 111;"') -i5,onst'dcted to show i.nsapuMqcm Ou nesin". eoa s, e s. ftt o ,.t.
whether they have a sufficiency by at a glance tie alliou:t dCtaIl.s c(u0l- t' an you and it, ett s-e wIa. tAl .. toargues
opening the gizzards of those that die ing stae aroal and population, number L a "b o .thers at tt is ,
or are killed and examining the con- r beter than oans er ill O
tents. If the edges of the stones are ica ill Fcuhe c'irt'clation Per th; treh enr 40et 5, Zf SlLsa. ,are0 l.' i
it-Sit itri('t'Il;itilO of ('ittuftiol to 1)0' m theit., or i.t5, adht
sharp it is a sign that they are well ulation. vllle of publishing plant $31.75 I' OUR SPECIAL 90 DA 5 al do
supplied. If; however, the edges arenili p pohants' o fe v
blunt and round it is a sign that the r ::il',:. \W:i t,. pIid nnl avel'agp vHACM ?r -soneof usi- ohI sm, w
broteu htran o- areio and o oaae l munhenon honh.
poultry requires sharp grit. Chickens cost per inch for yely adv ertisng. ed di aOt sorns
eos per ilit~ll fo' ?vearl' aId\- .rti njg isengraved direetfrom I h-gtorm b y- msllormlsmeldes
are often put on a grass field where portion of is ltinatU of eae,- i doSS o- 1
there is no sharp gravel, and the own- i val to a -e.i isers Iioin a lte st 1i 9 tatile. T A 1ilmt l h
elr cannot conjeture why they do not, do '1,,-t ,t-a, in inceh to longinhestw deoa 3l1010_.-
does htb-,t ;-,uinc in t tain s octa ives.i 11 stops U follow s: Miss
thrive better. Sharp grit is to poultry ip 1 elr: .n o rcacll tlh i r t l a ffi, &Csai C"". N .
what teeth are to the human family-. ,:unltier of people and secure the best! 1hu;gllt i r so-"
Fowls that are not furnished with it nIrt lltlu o ela--- -- ima
sometimes have diarrhoea., etc. Flint Th fi|ri of Lord & Thouma has leon m i ts 1
grit is the best of any hind used, as engaged in the general advortis ng on o
it is harder than any other kind. Any- ;bthsiu's for o\- thirty years a ued in the highest grade inatorumen fe;stt~
thing really hard and sharp will an-ranks amon largest n n i l leather ate ssbellows trhbbert le e t
swer. such as old china or eartheh 'rans io'e ,"belltowssn and al Aoo though rIl te.l ,
plate ITeih mirror, nickel plt el
ware if not broken in too large a piecplae th I emi in eemoI [' improvement. ewnsamu l a
and old mortar broken up is very good. andy nnii.flt;on ia rhe worl IMI -ntfrnmiIt r.tu-
Oyster shells help the (dgestion, also. oes opth valuable a wl e D 2 YEAR.n th oA -
and are useful. When fowls have (nr o aon ra ete to ang advertise t a
sta-t free on rettuelt to all advertisers Issep leadtconditns o~f U0t1 6
plenty of grit they are kept in good swho address Lord & Thomas, Trude wasre n eait TryitioeSSthan
condition, because their food is better Building. Chicago. T.wtsnt hem yorumoneye o&,Iw1s* 81e
digested.-Exchauge. ow'ha AT 0o3Cs. DtOi'r 1LAY.
For summer runs, dry land Is best OdJR LIABILITY IS ESTABLUMISES
because it can be kept in more health- VERY USEFUL. motdr amt.rwit s ask Yorhret
ful condition, but where there is plen- "Greek doors opened outward." the bblk thist IStSlIsa easOu -lmlui
= Uaa-Maor naima Erehaus
ty of room quite moist soil is all right. "Is that so? I suppose the Greeks used edMompsryiCn 6=4 6.'. ea osw_ Mr.m_ ,
Some of the largest poultry farms in them to knock book agents off the front l gO .a es m i edl M at liowe lwhe
the country are on strong, moist clay teps."-Chicago Record. 'fP" s sl l t Vl). Mine. Biumae
lll[ANIk*r r .iml ue stsa


may be expected torrive and depart
a at the times stated is not uaran-
any delay or any ouseqaunces ar-

J. RABRN L A. a. P. A.


-- -- -- -- ---- I -


, .


I --N


_ __ _~I


BOUTH BOUND (Bead Down.) (Bead Up) NORTH BOUNb.
No.a No.3S No.,aNo.i td
Daily Daily STATIONS. Daily Dily
S4 05p lo1ot Lv........ Jacksonville ........Ar 7t p i-l
6 1p 1 lllAsAr....... Augustane .......Lv *6l0p 98
S 52p I11 aLv........ atine.......Ar 61p
e l l05p Ar ....... ast faiLt ........" sa n 81 S
4a S 6upl1230p Ar...........Palatk ...........Lv 500p 7
1g 550pll40aLv ............Palat ... .......Ar 84* -
S75p ...... .......... n ate. .........L .. .. f

S 7p 1 lap ...........O.rma.on.d.......... .LT p 842a
o 755p 1 "........ Dayton.........." S1p S 1a
I gvim %M ........I It fit
28p...... ...........Oak I .......... S p ......
...... 86 O P .......... itusville .......... p ......
a tp .......... Cit Poi ........ I .. .
l ...... 3 ..........o 1 k % ........... I W ......
SI '.j| ::.:::::^ ^ :::::::::a i|: : g p
SO. .. 4p .........ol o i.......... 1
0 ..... Os .. ......o... selan ......... .
a .. .. .a .. ......... e... s ... .
. ... . . . .em.. . . . . I 1 2 . . .
S...... 5 p ........... T1bban .......... ." 11 0 ......
e ...... "........... ..o ie ............" Io ... .

S.... 715P .........Hobe Toud n ........." 10 1 ...
S...... 681p .... Je asea . h........... 11 0 ...... 0
a ... p ...... .... ob tO. ....... .." 11a ......
...... i 'p ............ .. ..... ......
...... 71 ......o m Btoa ........" s84 ......
.. 1p w.e"Jupirt tIderd........ 1O...... P
S...... iUip ......... Lemo at........." v ...... p
.lO Ar.........Miam... .......l0 7I .......
nffett Pa -lor Carm a Trainsu an 7
Between Jaeksav ille, Pable Behe an MaywIu i
TNo TNo.ION1 .,1.6Io. N NO.2" N .- I
STATIONS. Dily DaBlyT Iyr1 Bu ut Au iF i
OWBu a.,x8^ __Da'








436 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
'-v-


HAI ROlO INCcITIS.

Eusend at h pstoseae at DeLsad, Flor-
id., a semed less .

.L 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Pub ish asd hmpee eeo

Publied eery Wiedery, and devoted to
the dvdlmomnt f IloNMa ad th beat in-
tregof her people.

Members of
THB FLORIDA P SS ASSOCIATION.
AsiUsad wi the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.


Sigle ea e ..U.... .. U.


ADVERTISING RATS.
M~r to advertisag furisde a applica-
y lettna or in pmros.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Articles relatia to p within the
eir of this p. L o i
-=aot proise to ran rejected mann-
ledt Ima m a reaemed.
AI-am aieotU f intended publication
bme e reoapomni with real nm as a
arantee Aof l No soonymous con-
tibutlio wll reardd.

Money should be at by Deat, Potoffice
Mosr Order a DL r Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the pbrer will not be re-
spibe in cas o le. When peronal
checks e used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 ceu stamps tat. whes change
eanut be had.
To i ire i aertion all a drrtiaats for
this pe mut be mire id by o'clock
Monday ramo x of ead wk
SdMcribe wa wrii to ave the ad-
drew of their Paper chu MUST lire the
old as wlU the s newl .

We now are an oa e in Jacksonville,
Room 4, Robinson Blok, Viduct, where Mr.
Painter will be Rleased to se my of our sb-
ribbes. An time e we a be of erie i
Jackadville drop us a line to above address.

WEDNESDAY, JULY 11, 1900

This summer we have been having an
old-time rainy season. In the past
these rainy seasons were always fol-
lowed by, mild winters. It is to be
hoped that in this case "history will re-
peat itself."

The man who attempts to grow
fruit and vegetables in Florida with-
out proper cultivation and fertilization
is wasting much valuable time. He had
better go a-fishing.

For the past'two or three weeks the,
weather in Florida has been unusually
warm, hot, in fact, but we have not
heard of twenty-deaths and ninety
prostrations from heat in the whole
State. That is Chicago's report for
one week.

When cattle owners learn that the
Florida steer when properly fed and
fattened es as good beef as the ar-
ticle we get from Chicago in refriger-
ator cars, and when he learns that the
feeding material can be grown on his
own farm with little labor and ex-
pense, perhaps he will go into the busi-
ness of cattle feeding. If he does not
he does not deserve success.

In a short time we will publish a de-
scriptive article of the five hundred
acre cassava farm of the Seminole
Manufacturing Company, located a few
miles north of DeLand. Until this


mand a large tract of land was pur-
chased and about five hundred acres
planted in cassava. The acreage will
perhaps be increased next season.

The Florida State Horticultural Soci-
ety is one of our institutions that can-
not be frozen out. Drouths and floods
and crops do not affect it. It keeps on
with its good work year after year.
Every Floridian who is at all interested
in the products of the soil should be
a member of the organization. The
year book for Igoo, which will soon be
ready for delivery to members and sub-
scribers, is larger and better than ever
before.

Cre of the iower.
This is the season of the lawn mower,
and if the lawn is to be kept in good
condition the mower must be used early
and often. The proper care of the
mower is essential to good results, as a
dull, poorly lubricated mower makes
the work much harder.
A writer in the Home Companion
says that the sharpening of the knives
is not a difficult matter. To do it, re-
move the wheels, and slip the cog-
wheel off the end of the shaft. A little
clutch will be found in a slot in the
shaft at each end. Simply reverse the
positions of cog-wheels and clutches
from one end of the shaft to the other,
so that the reel can be run backward.
Then replace the outer wheels, and
fasten them in place with either the
nuts or cotters. With oil-can run a lit-
tle oil along the edge of the lower
knife. Upon this oil sprinkle medium
coarse emery powder. Now turn the
machine upside down and pust it along
the lawn rapidly, the reel turning back-
ward causing the emery to grind all the
knives. The wheels may then be taken
off, and the cogs and clutches reversed,
the emery carefully wiped off, the
knives adjusted, the machine oiled, and
it will be ready for use.

The Primary System.
Political parties in their platforms,
which are their declarations of princi-
ples, orate long and learnedly of the re-
forms they propose to inaugurate, and
make beautiful promises of the exist-
ing evils in the body politic they pro-
pose to squelch. To the student of hu-
man nature, or even to those who have
studied the politician, these declarations
are as tinkling cymbals and sounding
brass, bearing the ear-marks, the insin-
Scerity and the finger prints of the dem-
agogue.
We hope we are not a pessimist, and
we believe we are not, as our confi-
dence in the honesty and integrity of
humanity is unlimited, but we are in-
clined to put the politician in a class to
himself, and because of our lack of faith
in this species of the genus homo we
should not be counted as one who has
lost faith in his fellow men.
If anything should be reformed it
should be the politician, and by the pol-
itician we have especial reference to the
professional office-holders, the men
who feed at the public trough. The
chief business in life of these people is
to impress the voters with the idea that
they are their hard working servants,
without whom the country would go
to the bow-wows. It is essential to
their success that they make a good im-
pression, and in order to please every
one they blow hot and they blow cold.


ar f.f a-f#Wfrf fSrapfnff o hw an w In nereeary ray erc oifc n top ol
the farmers to supply it with roots, but the political fence, keeping a sharp
the supply not being equal to the de- lookout, and drop on either side, and


sometimes on both sides-always, of press Company a long time and has
course, trying to land on the strong been steadily advanced since his first
side and on the proverbial bed of roses, association with the company. He is
They are strangers to consistency, and well known throughout the entire
insincerity marks them as its own. South, and has been for many years su-
If the politician did not play such an perintendent of the Florida division of
important part in our government-if the Southern Express Company with
they did not shape the course of the po- headquarters in Savannah, and he has
litical parties, to which the masses give many friends here who will congratu-
blind allegiance, their weaknesses and late him on his new appointment.
their vices could be passed without The president of the line will be Mr.
comment, as they are not the only ones H. M. Flagler; vice-president, Mr.
who need reforming; but their influ- Morton Plant; manager, C. L. Myers;
ence is so potent that would we pre- auditor, Roy Rainey; cashier, H. E.
serve the democracy of our govern- Osborne.
ment we must curtail their power and
their influence, or else bring about a 3ducawon and AgrieL ture.
radical reform. Mr. Harvie Jordan, writing in the At-
We believe that the latter is well nigh lanta Journal on the subject of the in-
impossible, and the former is the easier fluence of education on agricultural
solution of the problem. We believe progress and development, says:
that the primary system of nominating I think it will be generally admitted
officers will, in a measure, accomplish that the Southern farmers' progress is
the result. Of course the astute poli- not now so much gaued by what is
termed "force of muscle farming, as it
tician will still get in his work with the is by the higher development and active
voters prior to the primaries; his use of the brain. Changed conditions
smooth words and many promises will wrought through different periods of
be poured into their willing ears, but time, call for changed methods in the
management of the affairs of men. The
his mighty power of manipulating con- very laws of nature tend to evolve both
ventions will be taken from him, and animal and vegetable life into a higher
without this power the politician will and more perfect development under
be like a shorn Sampson. proper cultivation. This we may daily
witness in the growth of the highest
It is an admitted fact that conven- types of plant life in their varied spe-
tions do not always express the will of cies, having evolved by man up to their
the people. Delegates sent up to these present high standard of usefulness.
conventions may be honest, and go with fronbthe original, useless parent weed.
The same is true of the best bred stock
the full intention of properly repre- and cattle in comparison with the scrub
senting the constituents, but are like from which they were developed during
dough in the hands of the expert and a few generations of careful selection.
experienced convention manipulator. Nor has the limit ever been reached in
the development of any species either
In Florida, where there is practically in animal or vegetable life. That is.
but one party, it is especially desirable the best type of its kind has never yet
that the power of the politician should been produced, reaching that stage of
be curtailed. Owing to existing con- perfection which will not permit im-
St e. i o t n provement under superior care and at-
ditions where there is no competition tention. When every man realizes
of parties, and no opposition to the these facts fully, becoming impressed
candidates named at the convention of with the great truth, that man's power
the dominant party, there is no incen- of developing vegetable life to its high-
est type of perfection is yet in its in-
tive to select the best man for the re- fancy, there will be fewer men rise up
spective positions. The politician who and declare they know all there is to be
may have friends to reward, or ene- learned about farming, and that they
mies to punish, or who most likely has are prepared to rest on their oars dur-
ing the remaining years allotted them.
in view the feathering of his own nest, It is i fact worthy of note, that those
names the candidates in many cases farmers who are succeeding best in
without any regard to their fitness or to their business, are constantly institut-
the wishes of the people, knowing that ing systems of reform and changing old
whoever he names will be elected. Of plans to ake way for new and better
course the will of the people he does The use of old-fashioned farming im-
not consider. plements which were primitive in style
With the primary system the' people and construction, requiring an extra
force of manual labor to properly em-
have an opportunity of selecting at the ploy them in the field are fast going
primary election the candidates for into disuse. The improved implement
whom they will vote at the regular elec- on the farm, compared to the old kinds.
tion. While the politicians are prone is as superior in every respect as the
to error the people are never wrong. handsome passenger train is to the old-
to error the people are never wrong, fashioned dirt road coach. Yet. fitty
We note with pleasure that in the years ago our grandfathers thought the
platform adopted by the State Demo- perfection in travel had been reached
cratic convention there is a plank de- with the old lumbering overland coach
declaring emphatically for primaries, and speeding along the public highways
aring four miles an hour. It used to cost five
the next Legislature will no doubt enact dollars and a day's journey to accom-
a proper law governing these primaries plish a trip of thirty miles. now it is
and providing for the holding of the done in an hour at an outlay of ninety
same in a manner that wi:l guard cents. The time in travel is reduced
about twelve hundred per cent. and the
t ru. cost aDout ix f hundred. under im-
proved methods, resulting from a high-
ConaMoldatd. er type of intellectual training in the
school of mechanical arts and indus-
The Florida East Coast Steamship trial business. Forty years ago the old-
Company and the Plant Steamship lines fashioned tallow drip candle furnished
have been consolidated, and will in the the principal light for our people at
future be known as the Peninsular and night, now the almost -sunlight bright-
Occidental Steamship Company. The ness of electricity is being utilized to
Occidental Steamship Company. Thshed a softened, incandescent glow in
consolidation of the two lines was made every home where this new and supe-
last week, and only effects the steam- rior power can be conveniently em-
ships plying between Port Tampa, Key played. In every way we turn the
West, Havana, Nassa and Miami. mind is almost startled at the rapid
West, Havana, Nss ad Miami. stride of progress so noticeable in all
The general offices will be located in things which we see and use in the busy
Jacksonville and Mr. C. L. Myers, the commercial and industrial world, when
msnagef or At new a"mpriay ie -_sso Isars d th Sir M ITrs s' ArTi
now lolr that- p uno-sm Mr. Myers---- k"-- 4fi~i dii IijA 11R obW
now or that prp Mr. Myer business to feel the effect of th new
been connected with the Southern Ex- order of things. But that its effect is








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 437
now being felt is clearly noticeable in r O e1r .URW A-D
-the progress our people are making in CrLUrN nlV, mV C1P C.1 TPNO FOR SUIER AND
the gradual modification of the old to AL GE TREES FALL PANTIN
the newer and more up-to-date im- RATES-Twenty wrddsded on em address
proved methods. oee week, mar; trmes oes a.ts.. Buds on either Sw t Sour Standard vmietle of Orange,
Changes for the better and the insti- BAI/T BICK. owed for Oae doUl or OIrnge, Rough Len. s or Citrut rnpe Frur P P lt othM citrus fruni
tuition of needed reforms can only come money refunded. W. H. man, Man- Trifollata Stocks . . .. il stock . . . . .
into general use by a wider and more vt k.h* Fll--. ,
universal system of individual thought, FOR SAL-N y Trees buddiM Citrs TrIlmMata bear ymng and ae
resulting from a higher type of intel- Grapefrutna Tress iSba= Do. IMym
lectual development. Whatever the Oria Ftso. 9 clr sltld wher artificial p rotectlo b sed.
source from which this mind improve- THE SID I. SIGO CO., Wholesale o
ment on the part of our people is Fruit and redg; Commission MXcatIs.
springing, the farmers of the South ~ J--- -. HIGHEST a GRADE a TREES AT LOW PRICES
are devoting more thought to their .
business affairs now than for many PINmaIJPPI PFLACMrr FOR SAFL-
years past. They are rapidly becoming Abakka and Golden Queen Suckers and FREOIHT PREPAID.
more ready to learn and to investigate snur 1. '. Bn t., M PAte, F Ia l :X
every subject which may either direct- Complete Stoc of all Claes of Fruit and Orate1 l Trc11
ly or indirectly affect the future wel- JAMAICA BOURML plants, by maU
fare of their farming operations. Im- post"ad for Mo per dome. Good siaed
plant ready now. W. rmmus, FLO/UDA GROWN PEACH S. OR LARGE ORCHAIW
provement was for a long time only no- Auburand. W S e.t FLORDA GROWN PEACH TREES FOR ARGE ORCHA
ticeable about the towns and cities. To-
day improvement in nearly everything LAN TO R~NT--n south oredam for PLANTING A SPCILTY.
connected with farm life is perceptible what it will produce over $W pr. acre.
in almost every rural district. The rty mnt veso.e on0 CATA"OU FREE. POMONA NU1 RK3hS
time will yet come when the country D PEW, almaa, AIAL U i ii FnI Ud al Po arr
home will be as elegantly furnished and LODGE, PWain or Society Shield, M er Corespoadeea SUeligted Fum
the In4 l1y whigh it i. swrroudsd ,ujwill XKeyv h-Ie-s with V-a- `. 0- C M A
with address THE. m. tIFN, 1IN1
be as nicely kept as the present day t N. W., Wami. D. C THE p FFINO BROTHERS COMPANY,
dwellings and lawns seen in our pro-
gressive towns. Farmers are not only VILLA LAKB NUWSMIB PFruitsand Jacksovlle, Florida.
studying the superiority of improved pa1 atr osf and 3 year
machinery and applying it to practical citrus dor good stock and low
use on their farms, but they are study- Prices. address C. W.F`3. Prop. Utt.
ing diversification and producing a num- FOR S Farm ers A tension
ber of money crops in place of but one high pine land nar De.and Jun caon:
money product so largely predominat- 5 acres cleared, traee acres of which are PECIAL.
ing in years gone by. They are now in ;ve, the balance of the tract is ain R
beginning to undertake the most im- piber. Address T. LM. n care Agril th0N
portant and far-reaching work ever turist, DeLand, Pl. Sty
started, that of studying the marketsarden Acm e H
upon which they offer their products WE EIAVE complete list American man- Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
for sale, and finding out for themselves facturers. a buy for you at lowest
whthr 9r nopt ricee am rhip youb direct from eTcKa
whvthvr 9r pvt thr Prison iffcrcd b. y Xon op, 1maoanm of al ~l~ds, #%- SEiORGIA STOCEXIK
the buyers represent the fair and just gines, boilers, ncubators, windmills, or 9PRAYING OUTFITS,
value of legitimate demand. The ques- ythtng weted. Oorreponene so-
tion of regulating the supply through i.cksonvte e, ia. Ott and everything in Grove and Farm Imlement and supplies
gradual selling instead of unloading all e
at once on an overcrowded market is Poultry Netting -*-% "T. f Columbia Bicycles
also receiving their attention. These P. .,c-ct N. PaN n CHIALITE OAK STOYlES
are matters largely for educational r a. .Sa. C x P PIPE. BOILEKS AU PUOPS
training. The rsght ifnrmatin sia ..ak,,o cI'I P.T. loi Pi T OILEP8 AD PICUAP
n i _fmtuir us raniWMMsfd li itm rd.291
only be obtained and disseminated FtESSt MARDErI ITE f.
through the proper channels, by con- a r s os. O O. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
fining this work largely within the
ranks and under the control of the pro-
ducers. It is openly admitted that the But the Florida farmer owes it to
next crop of cotton will now be short, himself that he prepare for a season
and will not amount, in the aggregate, of "hart tmeo" In advance of its em- OCEAN STEAM SHIP CO.
.by several hundred thousand bales to ing. Mortgages should be looked after
the crop of last season, with the sur- now, and every attempt made to bridge
plus added from the'crop of '98. Cot- over the next two years without the
ton will sell easily at o1 cents per necessity of coming to the block. We
pound if marketed properly and in a have had a good time, it has not been
business-like manner. In order that paid for, and the bills will soon begin
every man may be fully posted in re- to come in-let's be ready or we shall
gard to the setton aitantion in '" narts uffer.
of the world, it is necessary that correct Above all, let there be no whining.
statistical information be gotten up and He is but half a boy who will not take
sent out weekly to every farmer who his medicine without wry faces-let
has cotton or cotton seed for market. girls make them. Let no howls go up .
The buyers not only receive this infor- such as we heard in the Cleveland
nation weekly, but they get telegraphic time; let no man lose his equilibrium
reports every hour from the great seats -We shaU Y-ets for Bryan and do all
of speculation in Wall street and Liver- we can to escape, but if they come on .
pool. us bear hardships like men and bide - -
our tme.-Times Union and Citlien. 'SAVANNAH LINE"
joOLk to the Future. l Na"
Florida must not forget that during July is a busy month for the poulty-
the summer she prepares for the win- man. e
ter-while the sun dries the farmers oua I
from the field, why should he not meet rule Houses, roosts, drop-boards AST FRE AND LUXUROUS ASSENER ROUTE.
his fellows and make ready for the feed-though drinking fountains, all . FROM . .
legislation as well as the work he n spl attention. CIu A y
needs? Tile counties should agree up- drop- boards every morning and ker FLORIDA TO NEW YORK
or the system that will give the State sene your roosts, upper and under side, T A T A
good roads, and consult with each other every week. Nests should be kept BOSTON ANDV-- EAST.
till a common planha received an- ftr and sweet until moulting time.
l a common Do not let the lre get a start. SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, OEORIA.
namlous ndorsement-there w be no Chickens grow wonderfly during Thence via Palatial Bxmpes Steamships. sail from Savamah. Four Shis each week
diafeulty, this month therefore feed them weaR a ww voa Una an u anm mag sane aom nu wae i Y aseh-Bas s ki ps as L&ne.
A great railroad system now traver- and give them plenty of range and An ticket agents and hotels re supplied with monthly sn schedules. Write
es our State which declares its deter- shade during the hot days. for general information. seng scedules, staterom reservations, or all on
aination to spend money and brains If your hatching is over, separate the HM. M*I TON, Tr ae Mr., WAlT1 Baa IA I, m. A t. i
for development of our waste places males from the females and give the tsavsnab, Ga. 224 W. Bayt., Jaksonville, Fla
and latent resounres as the local roads latter the run of the fields or orchard.
tried to do with smaller powers--to co- If your flock is yarded, plow up the Spanish language. It is believed that UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA,
operate with the farmers In every ef- grounnd.ite mnan be
fort to improve his circumstances and Market your broilers while prices these men can be induced to become
to foster his ambition. To give every are yet good, and sell early rooster to members of the International Union ATM
assurance of making these promises catch the high prices.-4ountry Gent- there will be a change for the better
good, the Florida farmer's old friends leman. in the strike conditions here. From One hundredth session begins Sep-
epresent indications the men will join tember 19th, igoo. Rooms in dormi-
have been given loeal eon&"l, and If the union.
the counties will organise and appoint An organizer of the International the uniontory free. Excellent board in Students'
representatives there is every prospect Cigarmakers' Union is in Tampa de- 0 Hall at eight dollars per month. Tui-
that better rates will be given where voting himself to the Cuban cigarmak- tion of non-residents fifty dollars per
the commualty la rady to talk bal er. An espccial effort will be made to annum. For further information write
aes--our msbJetion to the whims of get these men to join a union of their e W bw WALTIiR MLL. Chwel
transportation interests other states own, where no others will be admitted,
time; let no man lose his equilibrium and the entire procedure will be in the *'


:1


i


_ _


I







438 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

FLOBAL' DEPBNT.ANT Y T

Address all communications to the In every town A Y STE,
editor, W. C. Steele, Switzerland, Fla. and village

A. [ _Jl may be'had The Great Througn Car Line From Florida.
A *whit 3OM. may be had
What fairer eating aO God's gsee earth th
Than 4b whllte Rossethe'
How ga the e .at ve it birth CONNECTIONS.
No mortal kmuws,
Its life is nt this slender rd.
With rootabatere the 4eegy so4,
AInd arin Sarth this dear thought of M c THE ATLANTIC COAST LINE. via Charles on.
Thi wre. white es. ITo The Richmond and Washington.
Thu ha* thy dan e of uiw bl ~ Lwn THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co-
and ofllod stormn;
But matadah ao hat h 4 wn lumbia and Washington.
In thy flr form;
A chalice fasltes we" may choose, via Al Mal
And angels mi"ht delight to uses
Wah netam h dran olz ele _- .ro via nll wil-
Tsihon set, wls te 11os0 The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga
0, tealteous, fteamwat, daity thing, that makes your To The The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
aThu dot 0 a0 "" horses glad. The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Asheville.
as ever pduWe The Mobile & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.
Go forth 6 glorks pure aid fie;
Proclaie the nre and truth d&tVie,
And icom t othae heans tM an mine f
-M irsamk A. &.a, alw tn l^ u 4 nm uoay | n Mc a an an s i e cw
rlkowie of Acl eps i-tfoun To York, Philadelphia and Boston.
There is om species of Ascleas found To T e
in this Stte tba t is deserving of culti-
NWtwv ?hDar. v eltion for its foll age A. amplexioauls Via Bavannah and Merchants & Miners Transports.
Xt week we wrote about a few of has very large thick fle--hy leaves whih
ouir bealtl wild flower tht e t e ourioy marked and veined with tion Company for Baltimore.
uwhteh making it a andsomne plant even te sh
this season. This week we will continue when t in bloom. via steamhl
the st ljeit. We oasMot exhaust k for There are alo several other h ademe
ak ,ofa fo lV, e ~ is SWte s arlea r e in Flo, oue ohave To KEY WEST Via PENINSULAR & OCCIDENTAL
very bright showy flowers, but most of
if a full detrtption of Iea was atte t- them are not very tree bloomer. Prob- AND
ed it would *f pages of this paper. Per- ably cultivation would improve this. STEAnISHIP CO.
S o r ir e asoe 4 vLine qute a ,stron HAVANA
hap. 1the of s tr vigorous climber, which is nearly related
as BW tI sh -- "'"- s tf s AUsaLma timE U O so m ous ma--
r," s it is orn ca This rophyls, with cluster of brownisl NOVA Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
M an evergreen asba of arntea strag- purple Gowers which are followed with CAPE BRETON LINE for Halifax, Haweb
gtn S growth o its rAd state, and not C spiny eed pods muh like thoee STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkerbury
Uy grwthInvIts wd soen of the o nommn "lkweed." PRINCE EDWA S Charlottestown
secily atemeta e eaaot when in and Charlottestown.
bloom. Th'oh they mais bushes ftro As lpias Tuberosa. ISLAND....
Sour to ive feat hig yet they begin to The following we clip from Park's
bloan wen ily a foot hii. The bWos Mga-i. All hat is aid of the
boms a o In o h raDe Ace bioia we can ete We have Summer Excursion Tickets
each ldlividual Sower am o poed t anetng to say on the subject in an-
secw peta, eh over an inch og and other column: to all Summer Resorts will be placed on sale September 30th.
ba -- wdoB, almost po e white 'inged i"kuch thas been said in favor of this
with red tosmal the oe ate. The blos. bematiful w9Mditg, and rightly, too, for it The pLANT SYSTEM ev* t theely *mb o sea -crr
unest flower sems a quite Sticky, s aply superb. People rave over Gold- vie te r t
sucisitlFy so to told any small Inect
that may alight upon it, hence its com- en Glow, soarlet Phlox, tc., which are WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA and
HM55") S nm I is T or rw Th ndb t U it nma, 0i thfan thin THE MOUNTAINS 6P VinudimA,
for culti*v X was oLffered in the resting member of the Milkweed fsm-
catalogue t BleFsmoner Bros. in the life
at P. W., but so far es we loow is not ily. "Butterfly Weed" is n appropriate
Mine th i y talogue at he present name for it, but I think the word "Plant" For information as to rates, sleeping-c ar services, reservations, etc., write to
dmne. should be substituted for "Weed." Right
Another very desirable shrub is Kalmia here I object to the many fine native E. L. POWE. Agent, DeLand, Fla.
hirUtat; thi s a tow trn Ang bush, the plants being called weeds, and especially F. M. JOLLY, Div ison Passenger Agent.
t!M'if OW f SVMYaC 91 rFgy Pifnk te thia pktkii, f Whib is 59 ft11tifuh that Wn D O LLY, ivIIbn PasslnAblI Pnlrlt .
powers oa ry eourno contructin, it should be considered on of the ehoic- 188 West Bay Btret, Atei' leK,, JAlal6nvillc, Florida.
though mtht would ot be noticed by an eat gifts of nature. I often envy people STUART R. KNOTT, Vice-President. W. B. DENIAM, Gen. Supt.,,
ordinary absMerv. The corolla is fine who live where it is a common plant, as Savannah, Ga. Savannah, Ga.
hobed and tha teao aeUtles, around the it must 'be a grand sight-the numerous 1, W. WVRENN. Passenger Trafflc Man Savannah, Ca.
inside eaEh of iwtih holds the top or an- clumps blooming there and there. I think
ether of me iales. As the lower open it would be easy to imagine one's self in
out these aan e am are bt over like lit- the tropics, as this plant certainly has a
tie hews by the sempaadg of ie coroea. tropical appearance, and I wonder that masses of creamy white flower racemes. The following account of it is from
The staltk or are very. auslve, and if touched on the cold North as it does. I have only seen hen the featherly Danicles fade the Talk not to me of the glory of Chrys-
lower ltidmll awill up and diasrnrteK L tlouai ng one -her.e and not a good, sChen te fete an e a te nthkimawe g R itRMs l' 2 ts '
a small dwwer of ollen frDnm openings sized plant at that. It grew in an open scarlet fruits ppear, and the beauty of golden Ohrysanthemim was vr more
at the top of the authem over the hack pacee in the woods, and three large but- the plant is not impaired. The following beautiful than the double, puffy Golaen
et the inbeat which 4sturbed them, thus terflies were gracefully poised on the unb Glow. The root whieh was planted last
r ig rt i beingTied to nd svi unbiased description of this grand per-i year was given a stake to which the
grovidig fo 00 poll being carried to ttoom. and eeverai more were hovering
another power nd o.-'fetillsing t. over it. The color was not ust what 1 ennitl. found in the Ekgieh Flower Gar- stalks were tied. Lo, along came the
lbe hbatli in the flatwOds In many had expected to see, not showing as den, a work published in London, may west wind and snapped off the stalks and
lce$ AMnow ltit with the flowers O much oramue as described, but DerhaDs i-t - we had no blossoms. The roots were not
0. a10g, mhrne dte Dbe oL iatereWt o the 'n IO amder M lian
prem al e, ti li twining sts I tarsferred this stalk to my garden, Porsicarla cuspMtdrum Is a plant of was so severe thel everything was killed
termng a peret a angle over bushes and after cutting within a few inches of the sterling merit, now becoming quite con- 'but Golden Glow. It sent up dozens of
undergrowth. The flower stems ae long- ground, and hope to see it bloom there mon. It belongs to a section with a semi- stalks in the spring and made a rapid
r tha the leaves, holding the flowers next season. E. H. Norris. growth. Today it is eight feet high with
weH out above the ge; the blo Nbte.-In the meadows and uon the arborescent habit and a peculiar curve one hundred buds and blossoms. We did
are pea b1aled, usually pure white, wooded hill of Southern Pennsylvania of the stem, which brings nearly the not stake it this year aid the long, wiry
though sometimes tinged with red. there are many species of Asclepias to be whole of the foliage of each stem into stems, crowned with a ball of concen-
Oentzroeena Vhti a is another na- found besides A. I sa and all are the same ipane. Its hoots are copous, Mate sencei of y ns e, toes and nod
lUve vils beating ~speam w ed flowers. Al- handsome. The more Comioa are A.. o most gracefully. Each lower is borne
most every one a s probably nuttced that cornuti, or "Milkweed," with clusters of speckled with purple; its broadly ovate on a stem by itself which makes it very
pea and bean sowers 4 ve the two larg- white and ilac fragrant flowers; A. quad- leaves, which are of a dark dul green, satisfactory for putting. The foliage is
er lnd-like potas n mhe upper side of rifola, with pinkih-whte terminal clus- are frequently variegated with faint s at l does not crowd the flower
the btoso. In Centroaema .this is re- terms; A. purpuraecens, somewhat similar silvery blotches, and its creamy-white stern. Te buds are not pretty and give
versed, end the large petals hanging to Milkweed, but with purple flowers.. flowers are borne in great profusion. Its no brominse ofl he grea t beauty of the
downward. The flower r'ere ll t purple The most common, however, found along i-tely hait of growth and the luxuri- full blown flower. Fr a most shasfac-
*Aid the ra of the fmil far teo ansod fin asgy place, ie A. 1i29- tn c tof I &rvwt r a attrattont of no try cari t toohehly healdy erend
we know "bIg often fren one and a nata It is two reet Itlgh, wtin broad, ordinary character, which cannot fall to Golden Glo."
hal to two *nches in diameter. This branched head, and shows masses of pur- strike the most casual observer, more es-
spees has been introduced into cultiva- ple flowers. These flowers are visited specially when the plant is in full bloom.
tion and a whl l variety is also offered. on bright days by hosts of insects, and It is a native of Japan, and is undoubt- To build a barbed wire fence, you
There ase 4many vsrleties of Arelpias many of the weaker ones are entrapped edly one of the finest herbaceous plants need the Fence Builder advertised In
omund in T ntda, all showy and bebuti- securely by the oddly constructed flow- in cultivation. To do It justice it should
ful. The t el ctdasicuous variety A. ers, and held by the feet until death en- be grown as an isolated epecimen either this paper by V. Schmelz, Sylvan
tuberoe or "iBtterfly Weed" we de- sues. The plant does well in cultivation, 'on the turf, or in some prominent posl- Lake, Florida. You save the cost of
scribed est year, and Isi this Imper gave and is a curiosity, aiS well as a showy tion of the wild garden. it in one day's use. For unreeling wire
Slipping fto 'rk'y. o LMagaie hardy derenntal.-Ed. This splendid novelty is really prop- without carrying the spool and stretch-
pmi~iu K t Vry highly. This species is mted from seeds. and the young Plants
teourmd slffy m WT t l_ One of thM mbain ij n, a owe
tornae ontal and dri vete e var s m ma notw d. become r uroue and attraovc tl g, and ror e lng wlre qnlckly and
ornamental e lds e vriet l The apane specimens when given a rich sunny bed easily. One man does the work of four
Found n se wethads of the iseatroods The following from Park's Floral Mag- upon the lawn. The engraving herewith by the old method. It will labt a life-
or qul of m now, its season azine describes a new plant which if it given shows the graceful form of a lawn time. It stretches wire beyond the
eluni, nd ohe aof 111 1, of s bsoom- ason ain desribe a no plat Whch i it
being frn Aprl to June. It is a low equals the account is certainly very de- racemae, ba the gerane of he lo t last post and pushes the pot against
trtline pllnt with very narrow leaves sirable: in bloom ansd in fruit can hardly be con- brace. Adjustable to any position.
set very olosely on the stems. Eaoh3Send for cir-
Stemn trrinated by from one to three A rare but beautifull hardy plant is the veyed by pen or pencl. It mut be seen Weight only 30 pounds. Send for r-
duat'es of Very fragrant flowers, gray Japanese Knotweed, variously known aas o e aPreucated. cUlar.
and .pu1le 0 color, which last a long Persioaria cuspidata, Potygonum Sie-
time.udbek, Golden Glow. Subscribe to the Florida Agricultur
On the edges of and running boldii, etc. It forms an attractive clump, Rudbeckla, Golden Glow. Subscribe to the Florida Agricultur
stremUs na ey stn Te found a half from six to eight feet high, the outer Thin plant has been very highly praised st
dhrubby plant crowned by clusters of branches drain greaefully, and all by florists and flore papers for two or
'p u ct clohed witMth tI omne lIge. whch, lire yar. I't i a s trum sr r h~rple' cream Sieparator--Profit-
wet soi dth tbe spedes may easily be red wther a Iterspersed with er here, but hs not yet blood for us. able Dairying.
wet solt both tme spaces umsy easily be d mtn sciam is Inlterspersed with er here, but -hea not yet bloorned for us. able Dairying.









1I4F. FLORIDA AGRiCULTtJRiST.


POTASH

phosphoric acid and nitrogen, are the
three ingredients which make up a com-
plete fertilizer. Neither one of them can
replace the other, nor can the excess
of one replace the deficiency of the
other. Crop failures are often due to
such a deficiency of Potash, in the
fertilizer applied.

larmera can set much useful information aboutthe use of fer-
dil :ra and PoiBiii 6jy ailing ff oiiiF IeN, illituftas BsWU.

GELRMAN KALI WORlKS 93 Neasau Street. New York
..-MI


WHITE FEATHER. school and recognized that White
W Father was a quiet and inoffensive
fellow, devoid of the impudence and
There is no need to mention the bad manners peculiar to the recruits
name of his regiment here. That is a and respectful to his seniors.
secret that belongs to the army alone. The sergeant instructor, too, after a
Sufce It to say that his comrades time took a fancy to his timid recruit
Sof his na and took extra trouble to learn him
are proud of his name.
He should never have entered the ar- how to keep his heels out, his hands
my at all, much less a hard riding cav- down and his head up.
airy regiment which had a reputation "I've made smart cavalrymen out o'
to sustain by a yearly tribute of brok- bigger duffers than you," he used to re-
en necks and collar bones. mark encouragingly as he flicked
His proper vocation was that of a White Feather's horse into a canter,
linen draper's assistant, and he had and I'll make a riaer o' you, or I'll
filled that occupation very satisfactor- break your neck!" White Feather's
ily until one evil day he had fallen in neck remained unbroken, so it is pro-
love with a girl, a silly, shallow girl, sumed that the sergeant instructor ful-
at whom no practical man or boy filled his word.
would have taken a second look. Presently he began to lose the hang-
He adored her, and she adored sol- dog look of suppressed terror with
diers. In their walks abroad she which he had been accustomed to en-
would direct his steps toward the ter the riding school ana to acquire the
Horse guards or Wellington barracks. esy swagger of a cavalryman. His
that she might game in admiration at chestr contracted by long hours at tlhe
the fine, strapping soldiers who were counter, developed under healthy train-
to be seen there, and every time she ing. Fresh air and much exercise
would pinch his arm and exclaim, "Oh, helped white Feather's development,
Jack, look at that lovely soldier!" his which had been sadly retarded by the
heart gave him a pang at the thought heavy, gas laden atmosphere in which
that he was only a draper's assistant, he had lived. His nerves acquired
with nothing in common with the mil- tone, ana he learned to taKe a tumble
itary but the red cloth! He was now and then as a matter of course
a dreamer by nature and falling in and to fire his carbine without shutting
love did not lessen his weakness mn his eyes and blanching at the explosion
this direction. Dreaming is pardon- of the cartridge.
able in a poet, but an unpardonable "Blow me. if he isn't going to shape
crime in a linen draper's assistant, and into a man at last!" quoth the sergeant
as he stood at his counter his mind instructor
was far away from his work. Instead
of listening to the "Forward!" of the Then a great blow fell upon him. He
ohopwalker he could only hear the I received one morning a letter from the
short flung word of command and the girl to tell him that she had given him
blare of the bugles that sounded ulp in favor of a shopwalker who had
through his dreams; wherefore it was expectations of being set up in busi-
not long before he came into conflict ness by his father. She admitted that
with his practical chief. A few sharp she had adored soldiers and that she
words passed. He threw up in three lad caused lim to enter the army for
seconds & position it had taken six her sake. But she had omitted to state
years of unremitting labor to at- that the soldiers she adored were sol-
tain. Then he enlisted diers who possessed the queen's com.
He gained his title on his first Cs. mission and who wore stars instead of
play in the riding school, where, after a worsted stripe.
a short ride on the neck of the riding If poor White Feather was a physi-
master's pet buck jumper, he turned cal coward, he was a moral hero.
deathly pale and cried aloud that he There is no chance of display of feeling
might be allowed to dismount. in a barrack room: so, like the Spartan
The horse at once gratified his desire hby of old, he hugged his trouble to
by throwing him on to the tan. where him. slipping the cheap little engage-
he lay trembling In every limb, much meat ring Into hh s pocket without a
to the diversion of a couple of rough sign beyond the twiching of his white
riders who were standing by. They Eps. Then he lit his pipe with the let.
were quick to inform their respective ter, not out of contempt, but because
squadrons, and his former occupation there is little privacy accorded in cor-
being known, he was promptly chris- nn pondence that comes to the barre
toned White Feather. room. and a private soldier is not pro-
In those dark days It was the oy of vided with a desk wherein to keep his
the more hardy recruits to take him faded flowers and other sentimental
aside solemnly and request the service tokens of the past.
of threepence 3 farthing worth of The blow was a very heavy one, for
white feathers. Any morsel of down White Feather was without the world
or fluff that might float into the bar- ly knowledge that should have told
racks was promptly captured and pre- him long since that he had fixed his
sented him with due .emonie by affections upon a vulgar, selfish and
Trumpeter Piper, the low comedian of brainless flirt, ana lie still believed
the regiment. In her.
The older men foroore to join in For her sake he had learned to over-
with these somewhat tiring repetitions come his physical cowardice. He had
of a stale joke.. They remembered dreamed of a possible commission in
their own experiences in the riding the dim future and had rejoiced in the


YIU ., ---- --- -


t
t

t


recentlyy acquired promotion as a step W. 1WORIPTAA
oward her.
For her sake, too, he received the in i
lews cheerfully when the word passed A farmer drove in with a load of
rough the barracks that the regiment watermelons Wednesday evening, and
waa ordered to South Africa to meet finding the stores closed, surmised that
he Boers. He knew that he was by some leading personage was dead, and
nature a coward but for the memory the entire population had gone to the
natur a ea b-vrt m y g |
[Ir iEu i aworu an "i"; l :; r inam17 w e, oRJg, that July
lo his duty without sparing himself in was off celebrating the 4th of July hc sat
the coming fight, down on Duncan's store steps deter-
e a mined to remain in town until the
Stores opened, if he had to sed home
"Look 'ere, old chap, we ain't going stors pened, if he had to rad
to call you White Feather no more!" bori. an breakfas---La
said Trumpeter Pipes as they lay to- Butler Bulleti.
geth erbnd tPpeshelte f alar The suit in behalf of the State of
ether behind the shelter of a larc e Florida to collect unpaid back taxes to
bowlder, against the face of which the the amount of upon the Florid
were i ike Central and Peninsular Railroad Com-
In full sight or the whole army their pany, for the years i8t, 188o and 188f
squadron had crossed the Boer front was, on Thursday of last week, decid-
amid a hail of bullets which had ed in favor of the State by the Supremn
brought 20 men to the earth. Court, where the case is upon appeal.
White Feather's horse had been shot This is the fourth time the case has
under him and at tne risk of his life, been appealed to the Supreme Court
h had arid the wonded trumter by Attorney-General Lamar, repr-
In fROI astI ew of il i. r no -S .or i L 1 ni"5i Tug 0L
was unhurt but trembling In every cision is final, so far. as the State
limb from fear and great exertion courts are concerned.-Breeze.
From between two bowiders he peep Mr. John Hart, one of Orange coun-
ed out and saw, amid the bodies of men ty's oldest settlers and who lives on
and horses that littered the plain, a Hart Lake, near the Osceola county
wounded man crawling on his hands line, has around his home two broods
and knees amid a spatter o- bullets of genuine wild ducks, eleven each.
that were kicking puffs of dust from The ducklings are from the eggs found
the drv earth all around him. in two wild duck nests in the edge of
It was his captain. the lake. The mother duck fled when
White Feather watched him for a Mr. Hart approached and he took the
moment; then he saw him stop and eggs home and hatched them out an-
lie down on his side despairingly. He der hens. So far they seem domesti-
could crawl no more. cated and entirely content with their
"I will for her sake!" he murmured civilized life.-Orlando Star.
between his clinched teetu, and, rising For three Monday mornings past A.
from the shelter of the-rock, he faced H. Traford has found the back door of
the hail of death that pattered to the his bakery open when he entered the
earth around him. place to begin business. Some miscre-
As he walked into the open a faint ant had, during Sunday night, probably
cheer reached his ears from the Brit- effected an entrance by forcing the lock
ish troops half a mile behind him. The bolt from the outside, and, after satis-
Royal artillery backed him with a lying his cupidity or curiosity, had gone
sh;ieking flight of shrapnel,which whis- of, leaving the door open. On one oc-
tied for a moment over head, then burst casion a pocket knife was taken; on an-
over the Boer lines a quarter or a mile other 2o cents in change was taken
away in a shower of bullets that for a from a shelf, and an old account book
moment quelled the storm around him. was found lying open as if it had been
He reached the wounded man, lifted inspected. If anything else of value
him on his back and returned step by was stolen it has not been missed so
step to where Trumpeter Piper lay hid- far. Here is a case for the town mar-
den. shal.-Cocoa and Rockledge News.
The trumpeter gave him a faint Will Hendrix, a dredge engineer and
"Bravo" as he staggered and fell with respected citizen of Brandon, Polk
his burden into the kindly shelter of county, was waylaid on the road near
the rock. Mulberry by Bob Davis, a notorious
That was White Feather's reward. negro. who first knocked him down and
On a distant hill the British com- then completely severed his head from
mander shut his field glasses with a his body, the weapon used being an
snap. axe. The headless trunk of the mur-
"Tell the general to keep down the dered man was found by the roadside
fire on the right and to get those men the next morning. The severed head
in from be hind those boulders" he was found some distance away, as was
said to his aid. and bring me that also the axe with which the crime was
man's name. If he is alive, tell him committed. Davis was run down by
that I saw it all and that I'm going to a crowd of citizens, hung to a tree and
recommend him for the cross, his body riddled with bullets.
"Never saw a finer show of fire disci-
pline in my life!" added the command- Plans for the DeSoto County Fair
er to himself as his aid galloped off. Association are being rapidly made.
White Feather's eyes glistened as he Several desirable sites .are under con-
received the message and heard the sideration. An effort will be made to
cheer that swept along the lines as he give one ol the finest exhibitions of or-
was carried In anges, grapefruit, pineapples and other
"Perhaps I shall get that commis- subtropical fruits ever seen in the State.
sion after all." he said to himself; Jim Barco, while being carried to jail
"then she will think more of me." at Sumterville from Panasoffkee by two
deputies, was met, when about half way
Perhaps it was just as wel that he between the two towns by three men
died a few mimutee later-this faithful who demanded the prisoner. The dep-
worshipper of a goddess' of clay.--Pen- duties were ordered to start back to-
ny Pictorial Magazine. wards Panasoffkee, but before going far
heard pistol shots. On Sunday morn-
The stomach of man is subject to ing the body of the negro was found
a dozen such common but painful at- by the roadside. An inquest was held,
factions as cramps, cholera morbua immediately, and while holding it, the
and dysentery, that, by neglect, may news came of the shooting of a white
It made chronic and dangerous. The man at Panasoffkee supposed to be con-
best. handiest surest and quickest rem- nected with the crime. Two men have
edy is Pain-Killer, a medicine which been arrested on suspicion.
lhas iwen troed more than a hlal It is reported at Tallahassee that the
century and never failed to give re- L. & N, road has bought the Tallahas-
Wef. Avoid substitutes, there is but see Southeastern and will connect it
one Pain-Killer, Perry Davis'. Price with the P. & A. division and complete
25c. and 50c. it southward. Twenty-one miles of
this road have been completed and
The board of trustees of the Et trains are running over it.
Florida Seminary met recently at A large male bear, weighing over two
Gainesville to select a faculty for the hundred pounds was killed on the 14th
coming term. Prof. Fred Pasco. now ult. in the field of Hon. John W. Tomp-
principal of the Institute for the Deaf kins, Ave miles west of town. The
and Dumb at St. Augustine, was unani- beast was started from the Okefenokee
mously chosen. The old teachers, with swamp, twenty miles north, and run
the exception of Prof. Phillips, have by successive packs of dogs to the
been retained, and the latter gentleman point where he was killed.-Lake City
was released at his own request. Reporter.


t d









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 44i


mW AJD 90IUO .U

In old English times, when each fam-
ily was obliged to sift its own flour, it
sometimes happened that an energetic
man would turn his sieve so rapidly as
to cause it to catch fire. The style of
sieve used in those days was called a
"temse," and it became a customary
saying that a lazy man would never set
the temse on fire. Now, it happens
that the same of the river Thames is
pronounced like the name of this old
flour sieve, and after many years, when
the old fashioned temse was forgotten,
it was thought that setting the temse
on fire meant setting he river on fire,
and that is why today we say that a
stupid person will never set the river
on fire.-Ladies' Home Journal.

A New York expert says that a coun-
try girl is better than her city-bred sis-
ter as a saleswoman. He gives as his
reasons for this that the country girl is
not so likely to have her head full of so-
cial amusements; that she is, as a rule,
more attentive to her business and that
she studies the wants of her customers
more than the city maiden.
To Dan Rice the people of Lewiston
are indebted for their town clock. He
exhibited his circus in this town in the
fifties without a license and the next
day was arrested at McVeytown. So
that his show might not be delayed he
promised to give a clock to the town
if he was permitted to go on, and he
kept his promise faithfully.

Gen. Lew Wallace made an independ-
ent fortune out of the novel of Ben
Hur, and it appears likely that he will
acquire another by the stage version of
his book. Klaw & Erlanger have just
paid him $3o0,00 in royalties for the six
months the play has been running at
the Broadway Theater, the gross re-
ceipts for that period being $45o,ooo.
General Wallace was not required to
write anything for this money. All that
he did for it was to sign a contract
giving William Young permission to
dramatize it for the use of Klaw & Er-
langer. It looks as if the play would
last for several seasons, and it is possi-
ble that General Wallace will receive at
least ten times Ujo,ooo before Ben Hur
is laid on the shelf.
"The prison system of Siberia is not
such an awful affair," said a New York-
er, who had recently returned- from
there, the other day. "I have spent a
great deal of time in studying this ques-
tion. I went to Siberia in search of in-
formation. The prison authorities af-
forded me all the assistance needed. I
found the conditions equal to our own
prisons. It is true the prisoners are
sent to a distant part of Sibera, but
there is a method in doing this. This
reduces the attempts at jail-breaking to
a minimum. The prisoners are not
chained. They eat at the same table
with their guards. The government
provides a pension of $6 a month to the
family of each prisoner. At the expi-
ration of his sentence the prisoner can
take up his home in Siberia, and the
government will assist him. It allows
him a home and implements with
which to work."

The queen is of the old Irish royal
strain. She is not only a Guelph and
a Stuart; she is one of the royal O'Con-
nors. The last Irish sovereign of the
whole island was Roderick O'Connor.
His sons were slain. His daughter
married Hugo de Lacy. Their daugh-
ter married a De Burgh earl of Ulster.
From them descended Ellen, wife of
Robert Bruce, king of Scotland. Tlhe
Granddaughter of Robert Bruce, the
Princess Margery, married the lord
high steward of Scotland, and through
her the Stuarts claimed the Scottish
crown. From thence it is easy to trace
how the royal blood of Ireland, Scot-
land and England meets in the person
of the reigning Queen Victoria.--Irish
Tourist.

Now and then one hears of society
ladies being offered large sums-and
accepting them--for presenting an am-
bitious woman at a drawing room, but
money will not always secure one of
the lord chamberlain's cards of admis-


Hot meals and


cool


cooks-


You'll not need to regulate your cooking
by the thermometer when you get a
Wickless Blue Flame Oil Stove. On the
hottest days you can cook whatever you
choose, in whatever way you wish, with-
I out suffering any additional discomfort
while cooking, The comfort you'll gain
----- is only one of the advantages of using a



Wickless .1 Oil Stove
It is handier than a coal stove and cleaner and cheaper. The Wickless Blue
Flame Oil Stove is absolutely safe; it burns ordinary kerosene, without wicks
and causes neither smoke, smell nor soot.
Made in various ies for various-ized families; sold at price to suit any slied
oOmmkboolk-wherver stoves are sold. If the dealer does not have them, write to the
STANDARD OIL COMPANY.


sion. For example, the wife or daugh-
ter of a retail tradesman, however large
his business and however wealthy he
may be, is never allowed to enter the
royal presence, and two or three other
classes are rigorously barred. There is
also an objection to the wives of com-
pany promoters. Indeed, when there
is a drawing room announced the
clerks in the lord chamberlain's office
have quite an exciting time in inquir-
ing into the position of those desiring
to attend.-London Chronicle.

In the western part of British Colum-
bia is a novel railway, two miles in
length. The rails are made of trees,
from which the bark has been stripped,
and these are bolted together. Upon
them runs a car, with grooved wheels
ten inches wide.

It is estimated that Rockefeller, the
Standard Oil magnate, will receive this
year $2o,ooo,ooo as his share of the divi-
dends, while from other sources it will
be $5,ooo,o00 more, or more than $2oo,-
ooo000 a day, or $8.56i every hour in the
twenty-four, or $134 a minute.

Christopher Columbus introduced
cards into America in 1492. On the
quarter deck of the Santa Maria he
used to play the stately game of om-
bre, a favorite among princes, nobles
and courtiers, with its Spanish name,
el hombre (the man), and the Spanish
terms, spadille, manille, punto, mata-
dor, basto, gano del rey and codilla.

A Knight of the Garter dressed in
the regalia is an imposing sight. He
wears a blue velvet mantle with a star
embroidered on the left breast. His
trunk hose, stockings and shoes are
white, his hood and surcoat crimson.
The garter, of dark blue velvet edged
with gold and bearing the motto,
"Honi soit qui mal y pense" ("Shame
to him who thinks ill of it"), also in
gold, is buckled about the left leg be-
low the knee. The heavy golden collar
consists of 26 pieces, each in the form
of a garter, bearing the motto, and
from it hangs the "George," a badge
which represents St. George on horse-
back encountering the dragon. The
"lesser George" is a smaller badge at-
tached to a blue ribbon worn over the
left shoulder. The star of the order
consists of eight points, within which
is the cross of St. George encirclerd by
the garter.

California has several groves of manm-


moth pine trees, the most celebrated
of which is located in Calaveras coun-
ty. Some of them reach a height of
320 feet and are 30 feet in girth. Their
age is computed to be 2300 years, and
they are a great object of interest to
tourists. Congress donated this grove
to the State of California. the stipula-
tion being that it should be retained as
a public domain. The State accepted
the grant and a board of commission-
ers now has charge of it. Mariposa
county has a similar grove, which is
also ,much visited by tourists.

Though the effect of arsenic on the
complexion has never been satisfactor-
ily explained, Dr. Armand Gautier.
professor of chemistry to the faculty of
medicine at Paris, has recently commu-
nicated some facts which may, indi-
rectly, throw light on the subject. He
finds this metal in appreciable quanti-
ties in the skin and hair of persons who
have not taken it either internally or as
a cosmetic ,and he says it gets there
because of the thyroid gland in the
neck. The human body is. of course.
not alchemist enough to manufacture
arsenic, but how this gland attracts it
from the atmosphere remains a mys-
tery. However. there is a strange con-
nection between certain metals and the
organs of respiration. A writer in the
Pall Mall Gazette, for instance, points
out that the drug is eaten in large
quantities by the Styrian and Dalma-
tian peasants, so that their lungs may
support the refined air of the moun-
tains.

It is a well known fact that Herbert
Spencer never made money by his
books. Indeed, in most instances he
has lost. Over the eight volumes of
his Principles of Sociology there was,
when the last volume appeared, a con-
siderable deficiency amounting to $16,.
250. The eighth volume contained the
following bitter words which were more
true then than they are today: "Should
the day ever come when the love of
the personalities of history ;s less and
the desire for its instructive facts
greater, those who occupy themselves
in picking out the gold from the dross
will perhaps be able to publish their re-
sults without inflicting on themselves
losses too previous to >e borne--nay,
may possibly receive some thanks for
their pains."

Tampa's first automobile, which dis-
tinguished itself by refusing to move
on its trial trip, seems to have a very


active "hoodoo attached to its mechan-
ical workings. Frank Bruen had the
machine out again Sunday and there
was another hitch. The untamed steed
balked. While Mr. Bruen was investi-
gating the works, a calamity occurred
which bore a marked resemblance to
the explosion of a Waterbury watch,
and the ecentric contrivance spilled its
interior parts on the street. Mr. Bruen
is at a loss to account for the catastro-
phe: he is satisfied that the loco needs
treatment, but he hasn't quite decided
what qort to apply.-Tampa Tribune.
While it has been stated that the com-
ing encampment of State troops at St.
Augustine will begin on July 17. it may
be that the time must be extended a
day or two. A time was set in order
that members of the six or eight out-
side companies might -make plans in
advance for a vacation from business.
The promoters of the enterprise are in
hopes that all companies invited will
come with good muster rolls.
The express agent at this point, Mr.
William Cox, turned loose on. Wed-
nesday at ten o'clock eighteen homing
pigeons. They were sent here by ex-
press from Washington. When given
their freedom they made a circle to-
ward the west, and started off for the
Gulf of Mexico. About this season last
year this same association sent eighteen
or twenty birds here from Washington.
It is known that at least one returned.
-Punta Gorda Cor. T.-U. & C.

What a splendid type of tireless ac-
tivity is the sun as the psalmist de-
scribes it Issuing like "a bridegroom
from his chamber and rejoicing like a
strong man to run a race." Every man
ought to rise in the morning refreshed
by slumber and renewed by rest. eager
for the struggle of the day. But how
rarely this Is so. Most people rise un-
refreshed, and dreading the strain of
the day's labor. The cause of tais is
deficient vitality and behind this lies a
deficient supply of pure rich blood, and
an inadequate nourishment of the body.
There is nothing that will give a man
strength and energy as will Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery. It does
this by increasing the quality and quan-
tity of tie blood supply. This nourish-
es the nerves, feeds the brain, builds up
enfeebled organs, and gives that sense
of strength and power which make the
struggle of life a joy. The "good feel-
ing" which follows the use of "Golden
MeLdcal Discovery" is not due to stim-
ulation as it contains no alcohol, whis-
ky or other intoxicant. It does not
brace up the body. but builds it up into
a condition of sound health.


.Li~.r- r-~~nr-T7~-" I II






42 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


-~k4'~ W~ -


'1,


OW TO GET A TON OF FERTILIZED


FOR $2.00 .


1o,ooo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST within the next six months.
Every Thirtieth person remitting $2.o for a year's subscription will be give. an order for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired .. ..

HOW TO DO IT.

Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. O. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for one
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
.............................. 1900 multiple of 30, as 60, 90, 300, etc., you can order a
neasrs. E. o. PAINTER & CO., ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist, Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
DeL-d, Fn ist at the regular price of $2 per year and have one
Gentlemen-Please find enclosed 62.00 for one year's sub- nce in 30 of gtti a ton of gh ade fertilizer
scription to the Florida Agriculturist to begin at once. It chance inh30 of getingaton igh grade fertilizer
is understood that should the number of my receipt be 30 beside. This may be YOUR opportunity.
or any multiple of that number, I can order a ton of any
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. cars at Jacksonville, Fla., without further expense PAINTE t
to me.
Shipping Point.................................. 0. PAINTER & CO
Freight Depot..............................................
P. O. Address.............. ...... ...................... Publishers,


Note-Ifthe station to which the fertilizer is to beshipped I a
"prepay," amount of fr2ght must be forwarded with instructions.


DE LAND,


f. FLORIDA.


A High-Grade Fertilizer

M UST HAVF


QUALITY!


REPUTATION


"TE1'lJ IDTiAT," BRANDS-

H Ai HAVE THESE. ,
pIun! ??-i7- P S -m5 W and &DtM pn r kto whrn yo can gt a trify high grado r-ihkacR fkicr i tr t the fnfnw inffg pies


IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE .................$o.oo per ton
I DEAL POTATO MANURE ................$3o.0o per ton
I DEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $3.00 per ton


IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.oo per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.....$28.00 per ton
SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
CORN FERTILIZER.....................$20o.o per ton


All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .I7.R COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.


Pig's Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $ 18.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano, The Ideal Tobacco Fertlller. 544.00 per to%.


_ __ __


LIS* -- -:N - x a ~ A~


1 -