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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00027
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: July 4, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00027
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text





























Vol. XXV II, No. 27. Whole No. 1379.


DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, July 4, 1900.


W~LoaiA I i&T 11U I.o. moloture and squali rB of tcmperaturs
have bowed before the miller's axe or
In Florida a nomina- been scarred with the distillers boxes.
THE tion by a democrat- This is very nice Indeed for those who
NOMINEES. le convention is the are operating, but posterity will suffer
same as an election, for it. If the destruction of our forests
hence we can look upon the nominees continues at the present rate for a de-
of the Jacksonvile convention as the cade, the people of the next generation
future officers of Florida. will be compelled to import coal from
For governor Mr. William Shermans Pennyslvania for fuel. We are now
Jennings of Hernando county was se- quite heavy in the importing business,
elected. The balance of the ticket is as and we thinkwe have about al we can
follows: Justice of the Supreme Court, carry.
Francis B. Carter; Secretary of State,
John L. Crawford; Attorney General, Te Smine
William B. Lamar; Comptroller, Wil- STThCK eminol Man
liam H. Reynolds; Treasurer, James of etung Comany
B. Whitfield; Superintendent of Pub- FEEDING. of Deand, whose
Public instruction. W. N. Sheats; Com- bunest to ma
mseloner of Agriculture, B. H. McLin, ufacture starch from canaava root
Railroad Commissioner, John L. Mor- and who have a thoroughly eqiped
ga.plant at Stetson, and several hundred
acres planted in cassava at DeLand
The platform adopt- and Spring Garden is anxious for
THE ed by the convent- some large, energetic and enterprpris-
PLATFORM. Ion favors party ing cattle man to test the fattening
primariess for the qualities of the cassava pumice. This
nomination of state and county offl- pumice is the residuum ofter the
cers;also the selection of appointive of- starch has been extracted from the
fler for recommendation to th o- roots, and Mr. Wardelle, the general
feie tnor f -Teoamemntlon t*o the aO -
d6ol Itfith&e Male Way. It &19 ftc- f u i5M"y, u tS
flared for the selection of United the material analyzed, says it is an ad-
States Senators by party primaries. mirable, well-balanced ration, and that
The question of the removal of the with the addition of a little cotten seed
capital was treated at considerable meal, oil cake and velvet bean hay, it
length, and the planks in the platform will make as fine beef as that shipped
bearing on. this subject are as fol. us in refrigerator cars from Chicago
lpws: The company is willing to make a con-
"The question of the removal of the tract with any cattle owner to feed any
seat of government and the question number of cattle at so much a head
as to the holding of a Constitutional per day-and the price charged will be
convention should be settled by the very low-as it wishes to test the fat-
white democratic electors of the State tending qualities of the material for poe-
at a primary election to be held at the sible future business.
time of holding the State election, No-
vember 6, 1900, to be participated in by In justice to the hon-
omly wlnte diemocrate wi, rln WiO Ho Mr.ST l t liltt honey bee
general election, shall have voted for BEE. we publsh in an-
the candidates of this convention, other column a com-
"The democratic State committee munication refuting the slander that
shall provide for the holding, returning, the bees if fed on glucose will store it
canvassing and certifying of returns away in the comb and thus defraud the
of such primary election, purchaser and consumer who think he
"In the event that a place other than is buying honey when he is only buy-
Talahassee shall have received a plu- ing glucose. Messrs. Hill and Hart,
reality of the votes cast for the location both admitted authorities on all sub-
for the seat of State government, it jects pertaining to the apiary, brand
shall be the duty of the State Legis- this statement as absolutely false. The
lature to provide for the submission bee is honest as well as industrious.
to the electors of a Constitutional
amendment providing for the change The year book of the
of location to that chosen at said nrl. THE YEAR Florida Horticultural
mary election and it shall be the duty Soiety. which is now
of afi democrats to rote for such con. in 99re, w il no as_
stitional amendment. If Tallahas- sued earlier this year than usual. See-
see shall receive the plurality vote, retary Powers, who has devoted a
then the Legislature shall there pro- great deal of labor to the work of edit-
vide better and safer accommodations Ing and compiling win have the Re.
for the State's records and business, ports ready for distribution to mem-
Should the vote be in favor of holding bears and subscribers some time this
a constitutional convention, the legis- month.
lature shall call and provide for hold- This is an invaluable book to Florida
Ing such convention." horticulturists, as it contalnes all pa-
-pers read before the last annual meet-
During the past 18 ing of the society, together with the
POSTERITY months the turpentine discussion following. The member
PAYS FOR IT. and lumber business ship of the Sociey embraces the most
in Florida has enjoy- practical and successful fruit growers
ed a period of most phenomenal pros- in the State, and anything and every-
perity. The word "boom" hardly de- thing they say is worthy of considera-
scribes it. Prices for naval stores and tlon.
lumber have ranged high, and as a re- This year the Report will contain the
sult operators have been eager to In- catalogue of fruits which has been
crease the out-put. As a result thous- emitted from publication for several
hands upon' thousands of acres of tim- years.
her land, our natural conservators of Now members desiring copies of the


book can obtain name by remittiUs 1
to S. Powers, Secretary, Jacksonville.
This payment will also entitle them to
a certificate of membership to the So-
ciety.

In Florida, as else
THE GLORI- where in the United
OUS FOURTH. states (and New Jer-
sey) this is the Glor-
ious Fourth, our national birthday; it
is also the anniversary of the Samp-
son-Schley I(or Schley-Sampson) vic-
tory over the fleet of Cevera at Santi-
ago.
Florida takes no back seat in the
matter of patriotism, and this year she
is demonstrating her feeling in this re-
gard by numerous celebrations. Many
of the smaller towns in the State have
collected large celebration funds and
will spread barbecues, pop popping
crackers and have patriotic speeches.
The Fourth is more generally observed
in Florida this year than ever before.


& few years ago the
ORANGE PRO- man who attempted
TERTION. to make a garden on
Florida was classed as a crank-a poor
unfortunate fool-who would soon
have less money but a good stock of
experience. So it was with milk cows.
It was said that a cracker cow would
starve before she would eat in a stall.
Fresh milk was said to be an impossi-
bility, and the little "tin cow" was our
only resort.
Now the smart Alecks are sneering at
the man who builds sheds over his or-
ange trees, and provides tents for pro-
tection. The protector, however, can
stand the sneers, for in a few years he
will have oranges to eat and to sell
and the aoofor" will have fromon
stumps. Orange sheds and orange
tents may cost money, and lots of it,
but what's the odds if they produce or-
anges at a profit.

This is just the sea-
POLITICAL son of the year that
VIEWS. the astute politician
meanders over the
highlands and flatwoods of Florida
with smiles for the good wife, kisses
and candy for the babies, and a mouth
full of fair promises for the voter.
These anti-political promises, by the
way, are fearful things to contemplate,
and the only wonder is that they car-
ry any wclifit.
The capering of politicians about
convention or election time is as good
as a circus. For instance, one ambi-
tious aspirant for legislation honors in
years gone by has suffered, or at least
his potato patch has, from the depre-
dations of the lordly razor back. In
the white heat of anger he said cuss
words, and in an ungarded moment
wished the razor back was where the
little fat in them would try without
artificial heat. This was almost his
undoing as it was used as campaign
ammunition by his opponents.
But the amusing thing was to hear
the aspiring would-be legislator ex-
plain his position. He published cards
in the local papers and issued posters.
He was a dear friend of the hog, and
had always had a warm place In his
heart for him. It was a base slander
that he had ever used cuss words at


$2 per Annum, in Advance


thVm and thbmtme tW I lte? them
out of existence if he went to Talla-
hassee. Not he. All he asked was for
the voters to send him to Tallahassee
so he could show them how friendly he
was to hogs and cows.
And they nominated him.
This has been one of
OUR HOME the best seasons for
CROPS, putting out sweet po-
tatoes Florida has
had for many years, and if every far-
mer has not increased his acreage of
this important home crop over that of
former years, be has made a great mis-
take. Even now it is not too late if he
has failed to attend to the matter Dc-
fore. It seems too bad that we cannot
lnn a marlEot for the eooientn pota-
toes that we grow. This is one of the
sure crops of Florida, and if the de-
mand justified t we could increase the
output millions of bushels with any
special effort. But while the potato
is perhaps not a flattering success as a
money crop it should not be neglected
as it is invaluable for home ecs imw-
tion
This is true in a measure of cow
pe"a, veimvt anM, peanuta, eassvia,
crab grass hay, etc. We should come
as soon as possible to producing every
thing we consume. Of course this can-
not be done entirely, but every little
helps and reduces the size of the gro-
cery bill.


The suit in behalf of
THE STATE the State of Florida
IN&S. to collect unpaid back
taxes upon the Flor-
ida Central and Peninsular Railroad
Company for the years 1879, 1880 and
1881, amounting to ninety-six thousand
dollars was on Tuesday, June 26th de-
sfllSl In favor of the ftatc. by the iu-
preme Court, where the case was tak-
en some time ago upon appeaL This
is the fourth time the case has been
appealed to the Supreme Court by
Attorney-General Lamar representing
the State of Florida.
The decision this time, however, is
final so far as the State courts are con,
cerned, but the case may be appealed
to the Supreme Court of the United
States by the attorneys for the rail-
road company if they so elect. State
cases have precedence and right of
way in that court, and in the event of
an appeal to it, Attorney-General Lam-
ar will move its advancement in and
ISnSdhP&tc cooidoiiikivi b the Bu-
preme Court at Washington.
The $96,000 is distributed as follows;
The State of Florida gets $43,000, and
the other $53,000 goes to the various
counties as follows: Alachua, $4,250;
Baker, $3,453.00; Bradford, $2,365.39;
Clay, $995; Columbia, $2,343.96; Gads-
den, $3,662.08; Jefferson, $3,209.64;
Leon, $7.42o.20;a Levy, $4,841.64;
Madison, $0,814.47; Nassau, $7,904.00;
Suwanee, $4,171.29; Walkulla. $783.12.
The Federal question (if there is
any) in this case has been decided in
the Supreme Court of the United
States many years ago in the case of
Palmes vs. Louisville and Nashville
Railroad company, 109 U. S. Reports
page 244; that the case having gone
up to that court from this State. It is
said that there can be no doubt but
that the State of Florida will win in
this case if taken up.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Californi and tlorida. I To buy a section of hill side, val-
We do not intend to institute an ley or arid plain; provide water for
invidious comparison between irrigation either by costly artesian
these two states but simply to give wells or a yearly rate to some water
a few reasons why Florida should monopoly, buy nursery stock at ex-
be preferred by those wishing to orbitant prices, go into the orange,
settle in a semitropical country fruit or vegetable business many
either for health or for the pursuit hundreds of miles from anw mar-
of those branches of horticulture ket, paying from $300 to $i.ooo
and agriculture which can only be per acre for the privilege of inaug-
prosecuted in such a region, rating an experiment in a business
Statistice prove that in general of which the majority now going
peninsular Florida is as healthy a there know nothing s to say the
region as southern Calofornia. least fool hardy and will be follow-
They also prove that it possesses ed by the usual results.
equally as fine and Atablc i btiiiiitc Ynaro ago the zame fver hlid 11t
if not a superior one. run in California and hundreds of
In many other respects there are financial wrecks are to be found in
such radical differences between every corner of that state. No dan-
the two countries that a compari- ger of these old victims taking a
son or rivalry is impossible. relapse. But pouring into the same
Each has its own unique pecu- theaters of unfortunate specula-
liarities and attractions in scenery tions is a tide of new victims crazy
or topography and prodnhtiona~ with the wame fever.
We contend however that after Better far the steady perpetual
summing up everything, peninsu- development of Florida even if it
lar Florida has hte weightiest in- seems by comparison too slow.
ducements to the poor man or to There are here lands which can be
the one of moderate means and that secured at $io per acre equally as
the very successes obtained in Cal- good and in many respects better
ifornia at great expense in the out- than the lands in the neighborhood
lay of capital and labor are eviden- of Los Angeles and Riverside
ces in our favor, for here equally held at the prices quoted above,
as great results can be obtained at nearer to market, as healthy and
far lc3 coat: pleaant to live upon: coating noth-
Many thousands of acres of ex- ing for annual water supply,
cellent fruit lands, equal in all res- needing nothing after the cost of
pects to those of California can be purchase, clearing and planting
obtained at prices utterly insignifi- which cannot be supplied by the
cant in comparison. Some are ev- owner's industry to produce a
en to be had at homesteads, or at quality of fruit unexcelled by any
government prices, lands.
Fortunately also we have no wild The time has been, only recently,
speculative boom, preventing by (and we believe it will com again,)
high prices any but htose already whn Florida exceeded California,
in possession of extensive means in fact any other country, in the
making investments. There is only quantity and quality of oranges
a steady growth in values in those and other citrus fruits produced,
sections partially improved based obtaining for more remunerative
upon development and actual pro- prices. But outside of this the
fitable results achieved by those range of productions either for
who have invested, shipment or home use is as varied
It is different with the rival state, and unlimited as that o fthe Cali-
We challenge contradiction when fornia terrritory compared, Be-
we say it is utterly impossible to sides all this, Florida is far more
maintain the excited and exagerat- suited in qualities and other qual-
ed speculations now booming in ifications to the pooor man or the
California and the great majority one of moderate means than is Cal-
of the the thousands going there ifornia.
are certain to be bitterly disap- It is true that the choicest rich
pointed in their dreams of golden marl hammock, on which grow
wealth to flow in a perpetual stream wild orange trees isheld at from $15
into their gaping pockets. Coli- to $25 per acre but even this high
fornia like Florida has room for price compared to other lands
steady industry to a mass inde- dwindles into insignificance when
pendence but to dream that every- with the cost of the California
body who has a few hundreds can lands. ... -s
invest in corner lots, suburban pro- Taking these things into calm
perty, orange groves and fruit or- conclusion is certain that there
chards at popular prices, and be must be extraordinary artificial
lucke enough to unload on some causes for the difference of emigra-
one else at still more exaggerated tion in the two countries and it is
prices is simply the gambler's vis- our prophecy that when these arti-
ion. ficial stimulants have been with-
Those who are doing so are pre- drawn there will be another Califor-
paring the way for disappointment nia collapse worse than any previ-


All barnM, old or nw, L made pale d Ma-will look better
and wor loner-by tlmb of
Eureka Harness Oil
The flinet prmesrtvye for letetrr ve dinovred. Bsve
many times i cot b improved appearance ad i tbeco
o lrepain. old eywber In InuM--ul iem.
nhi Iby TA--, OItw.W


SEED SEED .

Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gaines-
ville to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special inducements to pur-
essses af ssa Oatn, as0 Iutslaou, iTgVsgt Buans, otOc


I HAVE

-8800 POUNDS--

ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE SEED
IEADY O=R DEIVERY.


Address all orders and Inquiries to
P. F. WILSON, Jacksonville, Florida.

MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.
QB 669 Pauemger Servtice.
F'lorlda -To make close connec-
Florida tonss with steamers leave
New York Jacksonville (Union de-
epot) Thursdays 6:15 a m.,
]Phila- P. By.)or Fernan-
Phila lna 1:30 p. m., via Cum-
de lT i & l -4 berland steamer; meals
>**ymia SH IP >o. or -tll frll- IR
P lant System at 7:45 p. m..
Boston ar. Brunswick11:30 p. m.
I asengers on arrival go-
From Brunswick direct to getly aboa steam
New York. er.


NORTH BOUND-


sJil. 1o00.
NEW YORK. LAVING EVERY
OWS:


S. S. NUECES...........................................Friday, July 6.
S. S. RIO GRANDE... ........ ..................... Friday July 13.
S. S. COLORADO ..................................... Friday, July 20
S. S. RIO GRAND ..... .................................. Friday, July 29.
For Iow at mrtes, mgoerFvaons amna rnill inrnmaon apply to
BASIL GILL,
220 W. Bay Street, Jackonville, a.
H. H. Raymond, Agent, Fernc.dina, Fla.
C. H. Mallory & Co., General Agents, Pier 2 E. B., New York.


paid to the most modest and wor- filled up eleven cars and they were
thy claims of the peninsular state. discharged at Port Tampa nto two
thy claims of the peninsular state. large schooners, which will be towed
to Havana by steamer. They left
SMunday night the W. B Mi onday afternoon for their aestina-
Sunday night the W B.l Maklon tlon.-Kissimmee Valley Gazette.
Company shipped by the Plant Sys-
tern 300 head of mixed cattle for the
Cuba market and by the same train In the annual Yale-Harvard regatta
E. 0. Morgan shipped 240 head also race on the Thames June 28th, the
tor the Cuba market. The shipment Harvard scored an easy victory.


_ __ ~_ __ _I __ __ _I~ ___


and financial muin-


; ous one, and renewed attention






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


-a a_ KOUSEIKOL DZPAM43XUM.


. With-
out help, a
bald spot
never
g rows 8
smaller.
It keeps
T spread-
ing, until
at last your friends
say, "How bald he is
getting."
Not easy to cure
an old baldness, but
easy to stop the first
thinning, easy to
check the first'falling
out. Used in time,
bald-
ness is A
made
impos- i
s i t & r
with vioer



It stops falling,
promotes growth, and
takes out all dandruff.
It always restores
color to faded or gray
hair, all the dark, rich
color of early life. You
may depend upon it
every time. It brings
health to the hair.
$1I.00 a bettI. A Dmuggists.
sI.eabtll A D mt
I have used your Hair Vigor asnd
am greatly pleased withJt. it l
only used one bottle of it, andyet
my hair tha stopped falling out
hs started to grow agin il."
MaYoh 28, IS. anov, S. Dak.
-WhMso Onas em
If you do not obtain all the beneors
you expected from the use of the
write te Doctor abot It.
Address Dal. J. Cuw j an .


TRUSSES, 9 I1.25s AND UP





UAMLIuatNTi I tomal Sa
eeryou am orOmna IL
Vat .. a Rvrsible MO 11ihushuted out thi
ad. out and sndto nei swti 111CL mra
sate yur Ste, Wers, A ,t holog you haveban
ruptured, wheet rupse Lreorma; aso atet
number c a rd ta body a line with the
rupture, say bherts rulimare on right or eftsIde,
and wewll snd u m rsea to you with the uner-
standing M I ha passs is a.Meqassalil b a
stan 1 -tir mes eae psieeyo aniturs t Ad we
will return your moony.
WRITE FOR FREE TRUP CATALOGUE sh.os
aKInraa. inldinge Ss t 2.75
ts.,1 UEAR, gOBUCKO A oo. CICmm
ASplendid stock of
frurt trees and
plants, both tropi-
cal and hardy; use-
ful plants, as Cam-
,1 or, Coffee, sisal,
for house or lawn,
sa Paia, Bam-
boos, Grases, Con-
shrubs, vines creep-
ers -in fact "Er erything for house,
orchard, or wn." IDow prices. Ele-
gant catalogue for 0, free
RE&SONI BDOS,
OMoo, Oiorid.


CANCER--PILES.
CANCER CURED WITHOUT PAIN.
NO KNIFE USED.
CURE GUARANTEED.
$1,000 for a case of Pees we cant cure.
Write for free books. Address
BE l IMTEW SANITARIUI.
Benleview, -


Address all communications to the
Household Department, Agriculturist,
DeLand. Fla.

A HELPFUL CORNER.

The Value of Glycerine.
A tablespoonful of glycerine in a cup
of hot milk or crean will at once re-
lieve the most violent attack of cough-
ing. This Is a simple, easily-obtained
and harmless remedy.
Equally simple and quite as effec-
tive is the use of a diluted glycerine
spray through an atomizer. This is ap-
plied directly to the inflamed or irrita-
ted surfaces, and give an almost in-
stant relief.
In attacks ot influenza, sore throat,
and other troubles, glycerine mixed
with three times its bulk of water,
boiled and cooled, is an invaluable rem-
edy.
A little practice will enable the pat-
lent to apply the spray, and the sooth-
ing and cooling effect is remarKable.
Mixed with an equal quantity of sur-
phurous acid, glycerine is an almost
unfailing remedy for throat troubles of
of all kinds, and, being harmless, can
be used by all people. It must, how-
ever, be freshly made, as it keeps but
a short time.-Exchange.


The Oare of Hairbrushes.
There is really an art in the proper
washing of hairbrushes, says a writer
in one of our exchanges. The best
washing, and if the bristles are allow-
ed to become soft a hairbrush becomes
practically useless for its intended pur-
poses. Many people cleanse hairbrush-
es by covering them with wheaten
flour and simply rubbing the bristles
together. This method, however, is
not throughly satisfactory. To keep
your brushes in good condition pro-
ceed In the following manner: Have
two shallow dishes, one of moderately
hot and the other of cold water. To
the first dish, which contains, say, a
quart of water ,add a desertspoonful
of ammonia.
Now take your brushes one by one,
and keep dipping the bristles up and
down in the water (being careful not
to wet the backs), and in a minute or
two the dirt ard dust will come out of
them as if by magic, leaving them
beautifully white. Now dip up and
down several times in the second dish
containing the clear water, to rinse
them; shake well and place to drain
across a rack or towel horse. No soap
is needed and no rubbing with the
hands. If you adopt this method of
cleaning your brushes, you will find
that they will last three times as long
as if cleansed with soap and that the
bristles will preserve their stiffness.

Desserts.
As this is the season of berries and
eggs the cook will have no trouble in
varying her desserts. The following
good receipts we clip from an ex-
change:
Angel Cake.-Beat one cup of whites
of egg, adding after a little one level
teaspoon of cream tartar and one half
teaspoon of almond extract; when stiff
and dry, sift and beat in gradually one
and one-half cups fine granulated su-
gar, and then fold in lightly one heaD-
ed cup of pastry flour measured after
one sifting, and then sift four times.
Turn into an ungreased angel cake pan,
and bake in a moderate oven about one
hour. Cover the pan the first half
hour, that it may rise well before
browning. When sure It is done turn
the pan bottom upwards, resting on the
center tube until cold.
Boiled Icing.-Boil one-third cup of
granulated sugar without stirring un-
til the syrup will thread from the end
of a skewer. Have ready the white of
one egg beaten stiff, pour the syrup on
gradually, beating at the same time;
add two teaspoonfuls of lemon juice,
and beat until stiff enough to spread
with a bread knife.
Chocolate Cake.-Beat two eggs, add
two cups of powdered sugar and beat
hard for fifteen minutes. Add one cup
of milk and two cups of flour al-
ternately, beating well; lastly one teas-
poonful of vanilla and three level tea-


WHISKY AIEDICINES.
The temperance press is emphasiz-
ing the danger to the home in the use
of "medicines" which are loaded with
whisky or alcohol. In this respect, as
well as in the remarkable character of
their cures, Dr. Pierce's medicines dif-
fer from other preparations. Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery
and "Favorite Prescription" contain no
alcohol, whisky or other intoxicant,
and are equally free from opium, co-
caine and other narcotics. Every fam-
ily should have a copy of the People's
Common Sense Medical Adviser, sent
absolutely free on receipt of stamp to
pay expense of mailing only. Send 21
cent stamps for the book in paper cov-
ers, or 31 stamps for cloth binding.
Address Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo N.Y.

OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and stricture without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nevous Disorders, Kid-
ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice is more than double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
cians, rapidly yield to his treatment.
Write him to-day fully about your case.
He makes no charge for consultation
or advice, either at his office or by
mail. J. Newton Hathaway, M; D. 25
Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.

Sharple's Cream Separators-Profit-
able Dairying.


spoonfuls of baking powder. Bake in
three thick or four thin layers. For
filling scald one cup of mllK, add one-
half cup of sugar; mix together three
tablespoonfuls of grated chocolate and
one tablespoonful of corn starch, mois-
ten with two tablespoonafls of cold
milk, turn this into the hot milk and
stir until thick and smooth. Simmer
for five minutes add one-half of a tea-
spoonful of vanilla and spread between
the cake.
Kitchen Xnks.
The dish towels are usually classed
among the disagreeables when wash
day comes, and if care is not exercis-
ed they will give their odor of dish wa-
ter to the other clothes. To avoid this
wash them on a separate day from the
rest of the washing. Fill the boiler
with water, put in enough pearline to
make a strong suds, and throw in the
dish cloths without previous washing.
Let boil one half hour, or longer if
much soiled, then take out and rub on
the board. The dirt will come out
very easily, and when they are well
rinsed and allowed to hang in the sun
and wind a few hours they will be
clean and sweet.
If very much soiled they may need
scalding in a second suds, but it is bet-
ter to have plenty of cloths and not
use them long before washing.
Have plenty of old papers cut in con-
venient sizes and hung on a nail in the
kitchen to be used on the table when
cutting bread or meat, to set kettles on,
to lay over the stove hearth or In the
oven before setting dishes of food to
keep warm. thus preventing the soil-
ing of the table cloth from the dishes,
and for many other things.
Have a bag in the kitchen in which
to keep waste paper and rags to be
used for wiping out greasy dishes be-
fore washing, wiping up grease from
the stove, etc.
If the hominy or any of the cereals
burns to the kettle (of course it ought
not but accidents will sometimes oc-
cur) put in a'spoonful of pearllne, and
pour in enough water to cover the
burned part, and it will be easily
cleaned out after standing a short
time.
In fly time be careful not to leave
food setting in the kitchen or uncover-
ed swill pails at the back door, as it
will call a multitude of flies to the
house. Experience.


ARTISTIC


MONUMENTS
EXECUTED IN.........
THE LATEST DESIGNS OF


MARBLE and GRANITE.

Iron P saclrin - -
For cemetery and lawn enclosures.
All work guaranteed. Prices reasona-
ble.
Correspond with
QEO. R. NICHOLS & CO.
005 Harrison Street,
TAMPA FLORIDA

SThe Practical
AND SIMPLE
BARBED WIRE
IFENCB UILMER.
f PRICE $2.0o.
V. SCHMELZ,
SylvanLake, Fla
"Certificate Am. Inst. Fair."


CATARRH

The Mother of Consumption.
m11evtLs Dwmd Dils y -M Preveted md
Cred-The relatet Ol Speasts Wlles
em them slct.
starrb s the mother of conoumplon.
By tis I donot mean tha every -t catatrh de-
yalopm into eonwmption, but I
do man that catsrr when un-
pchad, aod when riven the
pro oprt nlttis foexteno
Sfrom iace of beginning.
which is the naal Dmaws.
de r ee and eongmet
breathing tract. Invariably xnde
in io monmltion of the Langs,
trinseldom destroYs Rny
c bi part themfu0 a
re osftM the uppr ir p a
dio thneames and acomee
m n lun t and nge ca dls
n ut d cogetlon which a
clo nthm all ar lt amges end, allowing the
putrdd -b matter to accumulate, causes a rot-
Saway of he membrane, reueltIng In what we
CalOoaampto of the Lungs.
THE TBNDBNCY OP CATARRH.
The tendency of catlrri, when It as onceobtaed
a foothold in any portion of the mucous membrane
which Itnes every caavtr of the body. Is to constantly
extend In every direction
Catarrh in almost er intanee arts wth wat Is
commonly known od In the head This cold Is
added to by another, because of ome extra exposure
or wee of te system and become chronic.
S na in rhisereas t. Unless a .rdicalcureof
thiscondition iact tfhe disae paes rapidly
to the t to hial tube and th to the
lung N LUNw S.
OosupmA-ou cannot be cured. New Iuns cannot
be made for a man any more than new finer aora
newo; but catarrh can be cured la a liltage
zexept this final and always fatal one.
A CeRTAMu CUR.
In an ezpertans of twenty yea during which
time I have treated many MOuARMnde of s Of all
form o catarrh. I hare ever yet failed to fect a
radicaland permanent sure. Te method Iemplo
is oe exidU muy own, ad the remedlee which
eare pr asa ndet my personal directon Inmy
Mar .eople imaging they have Consumption when
tneiy i me a not quite reaed tat
stage. I am treating and emaln eases of this ort
eerydar. So l an the proce o deay hs not
begluninte lung-themsees lean make the patient
perfsety we nd tront again.
Beal AT ONCE.
Let me once more urge all caterrhal sufferers to
begin treatment at once for a moth of treatment
now i btter than the three moth later on.
I ha ma fo the next month a wpelly low fee
for the treatment of catarrh not complicated by
other diseaaase. mating no extra charge for all md-
Ssee, e that m required.
J. NEWTON HATHAWAY, N. D,
Dr. Hatbaway C
WBryan teet, mHavanui. "g.
MjaION THInS pArs WBaX WarrINo.



TMOALE ER
That will kill
all the weeds
in your lawn.
If you keep
the weeds cut
so they do not
go to seed
and cut your
grass without
breaking the small feeders of roots
the grass will become thick and
weeds will disappear. Send for
catalogue.
THE CLIPPER WIL DO IT
CLIPPER LAWN MOWER CO.
Norristown, Pa.







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


S d Protection.
Mr J. A. Croeby, editor of the San
Mateo Item recently made a tour
thn- vair- whm
tks~ugk a. gSartiha at i &b mt whaln
orange groves are being protected by
sheds, and gives the result of his ob-
servation as follows:
Leaving Palatka via the Plant Sys-
tem June 18th with Mr. F. C. Coch-
rane for a traveling companion, we
start the efforts and results of grove
protection by shedding as used by dif-
ferent groves throughout the old or-
ange sections of Florida.
Our first stop was at Broadman
where we called on Mr. F. G. Samp-
son. Mr. Sampson has a one acre shed
canvas cover. This cover he lacked
two days, in getting finished and se-
curely fastened on when the wind and
cold came along and killed his trees to
the ground under it.
'At Citra.-Citra was our next stop
and here we visited the Barney grove,
This consisted of some four acres coy.
ered with the "Stevens" patent. It is
built of wood, walls and cover.
Frames are made for cover about 4x8
feet, hung as a blind slat, each frame
or section is closed separately. Found
that the frtmme warD and twist sonm
Wrat anti wlinai t wta wilti an IBn
business, there were too many air
spaces to suit us. It requiring too
much heat to keep warm. Mr. Stevens
has another shed here built in the
same way and Mr. D. Barcus has one
built on the old pineapple order, 1x4
slats with extra slats covering the
cracks in winter. See Item of Decem-
ber for illustration of these sheds.
Island Grove.- The Lubrecht shed
here covers something over four acres
and has passed through the past two
winters without any injury whatever
to the trees, many of which are now
12 feet high and have a good many or-
anges on them. Trees are thrifty and
fine color. This sned is 15 feet hign,
Mr. Lubrecht says he wishes it was
20; he had not trimmed trees ac at
al. The covering is wood.
Some 'twenty boards ten inches wide
and eight feet long are connected on
top edge with a 1x3 strip exactly as a
blind is made, the ends of every board
or slat being cut in about two inches,
making a lip that rests and turns on
tho stidnger.
For frame work see cut in Item of
December 9, 99. Copy will be sent on
request.
Mr. Lubrecht uses only open fires.
An important feature is the blind
must close to the south, to keep the
wind out of cracks.
Leaving Island grove for Orlando
we passed a number of groves after
l5pylpg Leesbu'rg that looked first
class, going through last winter's cold
with but little or no damage. Between
Leesburg and Orlando and at Orlando,
we saw a good many trees from fifteen
to twenty feet high, but in most cases
they are seedlings. Some good look-
mg groves looked as though they had
not been worked at all this year. How
they would look if they had the care
the growers about here give to their
trees can only be surmised.
At Oriando.-Here we had the pleas-
ure of going through the principal
pineries noting the different methods
qf 9ovedug ind heating.
Early all sheds are made seven
feet high, with light board walls. Cov-
ering is made of 1x4 slats, posts set
8x14. Men like Mr. Van Houten, Mr.
Russell, Mr. Thornton and others have
cloth that they tack and wire on top
of their 1x4 slat cover, in the fall of
the year and leave on all winter mak-
ing a tight roof. TMis, Brltttng out
the sun all winter we thought would
be bad for their pines, but they
claim it Is not.
Two points struck us forcibly as in
direct opposition to the East Coast
pineapDle grower.
1st Nearly all the large pineties are
situated on the low moist land border-
ing some little lake wnile on the East
Coast they seem to pick the high rol-
ling sand ridges. The second point
that struck us was the fact that the
Orlando growers were raising "plants"
instead of pine "apples", resetting pin-
eoles attem taking off one ernp, than
digging up the root and planting it in
seed bed where it shoots up from 6 to
16 suckers or new plants. These are
broken off and set out close together


in nursery form and fertilized highly
and then sold at 15c apiece.
The cold damaged nearly all the old-
er sravw-ft tw jroar anea heofre they
auei mtl 1auln rsver in winar- 1A4-
ed out many or their plants, and It
was with some surprise that the writer
went into some of the pineries four to
eight acres in extent and only found
part of the ground set out, the bal-
ance all grown up to weeds. It caused
us to ask if there was no money in
the business, and if they were going
out of it.
Our answer was, "cold weather,"
and that they couldn't get the plants.
Out of all the pineries in Orlando we
doubt if they ship between now and
November 1st as many as one thous-
and crates. The cold hurt the pine-
apple growers there almost as badly
as it did the orange grower here.
Mr. Van Houten had the best show-
ing for apples of anyone, possibly two
acres out of eight or ten fruiting. The
Hamlin pineries of over four acres had
perhaps one half acre fruiting, some
young plants, nurseries, seed bed, etc.,
and at least two acres of weeds. This
is the condition of things there today.
But all hands are pushing to get plants,
and with their better methods of pro-

year, nave no vacancies In their shoe.
New sheds are going up every day,
and old ones are being extended.
For heating the coke, sheet iron stove
seemed to be the favorite, although Mr.
Van Houton used open fires. Mr. C.
B. Thornton had sheet iron, air tight
stoves made with damper in pipe that
ran straight up through-the root. He
likes these very much. Others make
a square brick affair about fourteen
inches square and twenty inches high,
burning coke. Coke costs them from
$7.20 to $8.00 per ton there. Nine to
fifteen coke stoves were used last win-
ter per acre. Mercury outside shed
only fell to 24 degrees at the coldest.
A part of L. B. Hamlin's pinery Is
covered by the Yancy shed. This is
something on the order of the Lubrecht
shed, except that frames are made of
orange box sides 27 inches high by 8
feet long. These frames are hung
near center by pins, and are fastened
at underneath corner by a strip 1x2,
and close in sections as a blind. This
makes the tightest wood covering we
saw. Tlre frames will twist some,
making small cracks.
Mr. C. B. Thornton has the post on
the ground for covering at once an
acre of peaches, and an acre of orange
trees.
Mr. Butler has a one acre pinery
looking first class. He heated by
brick furances, twelve to the acre, and
with four open fires, raising the tem-
praturo U0 deg'ea under over with
it 24 outside. With fires going inside
he claims, as do others there, that the
south side of shed is coldest. Natur-
ally one would think the north wind
or air would drive the heat to the south
side.
The smoothest thing in the way of
cloth covering is the Rollins Patent.
We saw Mr. Abbotts one half acre
shed. Posts are up 8 by 14 feet; 2x6
stringers on top of posts the 14 foot
way. Three breadths of cloth are sew-
ed together, the width of shed in
lenght, east and west. One edge is
tackedl to side of stringer; onlte other
edge of cloth a narrow strip 1x2 was
tacked. Wires are fastened to this
strip every eight feet, and run through
staples on under side of stringer, with
north and south to ends of shed, where
they go through sash pulleys, and as
every section is fastened to the same
wire wnen it is drawn through tlis
pulley (8 feet being wire cable where
it goes- through the pulley) it is then
fastened to a heavy wire which goes
to a windlass, where by winding up
eight feet of rope one way you pull
every section at same time, covering
your one-half acre in less than one
minute. Reversing your windlass you
pull it back open again in the same
time, and it works so easily a ten
year old child can do it.
Housings are made of a ten inch
board running the length of the string-
ers. The cloth is kept under the hous-
ing ths y2ar r ready &t na.yr ""?
to use, and is out of the weather. This
shed costs about $900 per acre, and has
the regular 1x4 pineapple slat cover-
ing on top of the stringers for half


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


NO REMEDY EQUALS PERUNA,
80 THE WOMEN ALL SAY


shade, and is all that holds the cloth
down, except where tacked.
Our thanks are due Messrs. Russell,
Van Holton Ia anld IRfluor- for. hhow-
imy 1U over tiar Bifmnes. e1; san t.i,
Messrs. Hoinins ana West for courte-
sies extended.
At DeLand we saw, through the
kindness of Mr. H. B. Stevens. Mr.
Stetson's various sheds, groves and
pinery. Here the sheds are built 18
feet high, solid wood walls covered
with the Pierpont and Steven's cov-
ering. Mr. Stevens is now making
frames 4 feet wide by 20 feet in
length. Frames are made of the Pier-
pont veneer twelve inches wide by four
feet long and 1x2 inch strips on both
edges and centres of the frames.
These frames are put up the same
as the "double 1x4 covering, two
rows nailed down, and one. ntted be-
tween but kept on top of the others
until the cold wave-puts in its appear-
ance.
The groves are looking fine now, es-
pecially the grape fruit grove. All are
fine color, and look thrifty, showing
some fruit. Trees are set lxl, mak-
ing nearly 400 to the acre. As Mr.
Stetson has some thirty-five acres cov-
ered he has a good many trees in all.

werc hiiid to tie bank in-t wi ittrr,
and look about the same as the trees
here at San Mateo. They are growing
in good shape now. For heating Mr.
Stevens uses open wood fires and the
coke salamanders.

Aspidistra, Ollver Shield.
Charles E. Parnell of Floral Park,
N. Y., gives an account of this plant in
Success with Flowers. We copy only
the descriptive part. The directions for
cIltivation we omit; being intended for
those who grow it as a' house plant,
they are unnecessary in Florida, where
It does best in the open ground. At
our first sight of this plant, we thought
It one of the most beautiful we ha4
ever seen. One leaf was half white,
the rest of it green; others striped.
and marked curiously with white
through the green. So far as we know
it i6 not offttd by &By loriHtN in Filt-
Ida. P. W. Reasoner described it as
being hardy as far north as Jackson-
ville, and we see no reason why the
roots should not survive any of the
Florida winters, and if so it should be-
come more common than it now is:
"Aspidistra lurida varlegata, or as
it Is vpoularly LnOwn a the Silvr
Shield, is an evergreen greenhouse
plant, cultivated for Its highly orna-
mental foliage, and there is absolutely
no other plant that will stand more ill
treatment or dry air than this very
useful species. When properly grown
and cared for it has broad, lance-
sl'aped, leathery leaves, alternately but
very irregularly 'marked with green
and white. The leaves are from eight
to twelve inches in length and four to
tix in width, a sording to the slso and
age of the plant. It Is a Japanese spe-
cles, so does it not require a high tem-
perature during the winter months,
which in its season of rest, and during
that time, can be used to good effect
in windyy' With a n-, mer- or western
exposure. The flowers are small and
quite insignificant, and are produced
close to the face of the earth."


To build a barbed wire fence, you
need the Fence Builder advertised in
this paper by V. Schmelz, Sylvan
Lake, Florida. 'You save the cost of
it in one day's use. For unreeling wire
without carrying the spool and stretch-
ing, and for reeling wire quickly and
easily. One man does the work of four
by the old method. It will last a life-
tim, It stretchoo wire b iyad the
last post and pushes the post against
brace. Adjustable to any position.
Weight only 30 pounds. Send for cir-
cular.


S D.MONE
CVT Ias A. *OT and
end to us etate your
ealt tand h.ae also
number inche aroun
body at bet and ea,

we will and th It
e aea. Tou can
examine and try it
on at your neaeot
express o5s and
S if found perfectly
S atisfactory, ex.
and tdo IST


eN. x t.!rM
d Mwe w exprle

7llte.madeoflneas
o cut full sweep, lied


&, CIO. Hd
iA. a k1rm aa a oma
smed all around wth extra
, Interlined with waddirn
CalelsaS.
~CCO., O.i~f~!


Miss Susan Wymar, teacher in the
Richmond school, Chicago, Il1, writes
the following letter to Dr. Hartman re-
garding Pe-ru-na. She says: "Only
those who have suffered as I have. can
Sitiuw nsati a ifiasgta it is lit UWssna it
find relief in Pe-ru-na. This has been
my experience. A friend in need is a
friend indeed, and every bottle of Pe-ru-
na I ever bought proved a good friend
to me."-Susan Wymar.
Mrs. Margaretha Danben, 1214 North
Superior St., Racine City, Wis., writes:
'" I feel so well and good and happy now|
that pen cannot describe it. Pe-ru-na is'
everything to me. I have taken several
bottles of Pe-ru-na for female complaint.
I am in the change of life and it does me
good." Pe-ru-na has no equal In all of
the irregularities and emergencies pe-
culiar to women caused by pelvis
catarrh. b
Address Dr. Hartman, Columbus, 0.,
for a free book for women only.

1.98 BUYS A S3.50*SUIT

A mT mrAvtWiUAUT" S mlu


or small forage and we wiend yo
Sexrea C. O D. subject to ex-
eInnti exxOxamiae I at your
express off if fond pf fou perfectly t
s l. ge yourmrem agent our Saeda
1 epres chars.
wMade with eBU8U U ll9d1111m,
gm- *sY llU"i, ada f. a
ede h~e It, woas-eileg, all w-a
tes. Cta.m s, nert, handsome pattern,
fine Italilan lining, Wmui Galos IN, l eifJ-
stollffr ur afrMs f ama llda a i tbenr-
anl be preod ot

plat tape measure and full instructions how to order.
lie mae to ordpr fk T *& n UP. 1a1-
pie sent free on application. Addres,
EARS, ROEBUCK A CO. (Inc.), Chka, IL,
a(mg, s.e*k & Ce. me thmowby smhelaMe.-bEl-s .)


Western Poultry Farm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25e.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It is up to dte. 24 pages.
Send to day. We sell beet liquid lice kill-
er for 5 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 doa., 20 eta; 25 for 3
cts: W0 for n eta: 100 for &L








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


To Get Bid of the White Fly
Having solicited contributions to
wards the expense of providing thi
necessary equipment '(tents. aheeta
etc.,) for fighting the white fly by th<
fumigation process and having agree
to investigate the success of thai
method in previous experiments, I ast
the privilege of your columns to in.
forth those interested of the result ol
my investigation.
In the first place, the fumigation
treatment has never been tried against
the white fly on any extended scale;
in only one case can any report be
had and that is not complete. I refer
to the experiment made at Ellenton,
Fla., last March.
After thorough investigation and ex-
tensive correspondence with all pos-
aible ouriic- of information, I iuem
say that the best conclusion we can
can come to is by inference.
Fumigation treatment has been ab-
solutely successful in every other in-
stance-from the San Jose scale up or
down--it must therefore oe successful
in the case of the white fly, whose
eggs cannot be more impenetrable than
film s cla of rile San Joae illret_
The opinions of Prof. Woodworth,
of Beverly, Cal.; Prof. Johnson, of
College Park, Md., and or Prof. Gos-
sard, of our own Experiment Station
at Lake City, all coincide in the belief
that fumigation is the only economic
method of fighting this growing evil.
By it every other insect is also
reached, and Prof. Johnson oary that
99 per cent. of them are killed by one
treatment.
Different conditions arise in every
State -and climate which make sligli
alterations in the details of the treat-
ment necessary. On this account I
think the best course to pursue would
be the fumigation of some of our
own groves, before investing too hes.v-
ily in any one kind of equipment. I
have thoroughly figured on the cost of
tents enough to make a conclusive
trial of the gas, and find that it ,will
be $300 for ten tents of various dzes.
Now my friends in Myers, "It's up to
you." The consensus of the best opin-
ion says, Fumigate! What say you?
Shall we make this a commonwealth
affair and every fellow who can afford
to so stand a share of the expense?
I think that is the best way. We have
a community of interests in this, as in
all things pertaining to the success and
growth of our county.
I suggest Philip Isaacs as a compe-
tent and desirable secretary and treas-
urer and ask all interested to give him
in eash as much as they feel they ean
afford. As soon as half the amount
is subscribed I will go ahead with the
work of collecting the equipment and
will agree to guarantee the other half
of the necessary funds, Messrs. Harris,
Murphy and Flowerce having agreed
to join me in this enterprise.
I hope that every owner of an or-
ange tree in Lee county will recognize
thi protlble bealnl of this IDinemnrs
and do his best to promote its success.
-Hugh Macdonald, in Ft. Myers
Press.

Crabgnuss fr ay.
One of the most conspicuous errors
of Southern agiculture -Is the prac
twice of pulling corn leaves for fodder
and neglecting the crabgrass, which
grows spontaneously after the corn is
"laid by." The leaves are an expen-
sive feed when the error of pulling is
considered, and the weight harvested
per acre is much below that of the hay,
which might be secured If properly
managed. The pulling of the corn
leaves, it has been demonstrated by
several Southern experiment stations.
damages the grain In the ear fully as
much as the fodder is worth If not
more. True. t is not so easy to cut
crngrams among the aaniinag corn
stalks as it is to pull the leaves, but
with the land left free of ridges under
the system of flat culture, a mowing
machine may be driven through, cut-
ting corn stalks and all; but the best
plan for securing hay is to harrow the
land smooth after the spring vegeta-
ble crop is harvested (this might also
be done on corn land), allow it to grow
up in crabgrass, and harvest it once or
twice. Everywhere you will find this
crabgrass. A general yield is one ton
per acre, but with fertilizers, it is
doubled and trebled.
Last _pring I had a leld of strawber-


Watermelons Dull.
The Fruit Trade Journal of last
week says:
Ir is estimated that the receipts of
watermelons are only about one-quar-
ter as heavy as previous years at this
time. The ruling prices range from
$25 to $30 per hundred. According to
the law of supply and demand, these
figures are considered low. The
onuuo or tloe 1o qI por qutallty 6 th
melons. The sale of melons is deter-
mined largely by the show they make
when cut open. Besides being small
the melons this year cut very poorly,
and if this continues any length of
time, buyers become shy and their at-
tention is directed to something else.
This is what is keeping the melon mar-
ket from advancing, though the short
snDDly keeps the market from becom-
ing glutte. TI-neswe li eonion wul
probably prevail with little change
until Jersey begins to supply the mar-
ket.
Monday receipts were sixteen car-
loads by rail and steamer. On Wednes-
day only three carloads came, but in
Thursday sixteen carloads again arriv-
ed. Demand improved at the end of
the week, partly due to the hot weath-
er and stock moved more promptly.

At last and after many years of
earnest effort looking to the establish-
ing of anice factory on the Manatee
river by our citizens, success has come.
The Lyle Ice and Trading Company is
now manufacturing pure crystal ice
from distilled artesan water, which
is kept clean and from contact with
the air until it is congealed into the
cheapest of all luxuries pure S9ry17#
1ee.-Manatee Jourall.

Joseph M. Terry of Peconic, N. Y..
has presented a valuable relic of Dan-
iel Webster to the Suffolk County His-
torical society. It is an ivory paper
cutter which Mr. Webater used for a
number of years in his library at
Marshfield, Mass., Webster gave it to
Charles Taylor, then a boy, whose fa-
ther was at the time manager of Mr.
Webster's farm. Young Taylor pre-
served the relic and several years ago
while residing near Mr. naylor's house
gn-e it to him.-?w YVgr SHB;


No.3 No.1. STATIOTiN. No.Z No.t 7 LV........... Titnsville .........Art 1ap
325p 1040&Lv..New2myra.Ar 2Uip t5p 713al ............Mi..........Lv 112
409pll5ala "..Lake Helen..Lv 120p 5p 88a ......... ..Osteen............ a
l42!)Ji209pl ..Orange City.. llinp 44p 8o0a ..........nterprise.......... I13S
425p 1215:'Ar.OrangeC'y Jct. 1051 440p 9aAr ...........Sanford.......... 11OOa
All trains between New Smyrna and Orange All trains between Titusville and Sanford
City Junciion daily except Sunday. daily except Sunday.

Steamship Connections at Miami.


SET WESI LI .
Leave iami Sundays Tuesdays, Wednedays adFridays.....................11 p. m.
Arrive Key West Mondays,Wednesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.................. 8:0 p. m.
Leave Key West Thursdays and Sundays............ ................................ 200 p. m.
Arrive Miami Fridays and Mondays.............................................. 60a. m.
HAVANA LINE. -
SOUTHBOUND STEAMERS TOUCH AT KEY WEST; NORTHBOUND SAIL
DIRECT, HAVANA TO MIAMI.
Leave Miami Sundays and Wednesdays.............................................. lU p. m.
Arrive Havana Tuesdays and Fridays................................................. 5:5 a. m.
Leave Havana Tuesdays and Fridays................................................... 11 .0 a. m.
Arrive Miam; Wednesdays andSaturdays............................... ......... 6.00 a m.
These Time Tables show the times at which trains may be expected to arrive and depart
from the several stations, bnt their arrival or departure at the times stated is not guaran-
teed, nor does the Company hold itself responib tfor any delay or say comsequenees aria
eg the+..6fO-
For copy of _I= ltlme card address
J. B M r D. A A P. BOKW R e M . A. A.
St. Aum M


SEND-US ON fLQAM


SSd la iS t1 PARLO ,Fac, llll 0r Is
. yS m e.e..e.yoe... yaw awd
e--1 l IT a dtt at ot 0. F- lou wand
rar beter ana org aan lf i aso mLoeU
the teh t ~- a--f L So ewer V ^ t as
IsURATE., or ald rits lbr J
L IS OUR SPECIAL th

lMoauhn, s wme
Sengraved dir et ftrom ToI jmtasMa


heaslfal u yaese5m5s5assTeeS .je
asantiqae c tnom ds





.ateed. 5 ote5eognasE w bemeAnsesnt-
ta oter s topM s follows~n M: I te


-Umas 15 0lit Le
mhlmTEED 25s YEAR. A Ue-
*mat Irn by of a et Dl l|




Od ELIABILiTY IS ESTABLISHED I
leather, *tc, bellows oftbet raob r r chan ew
bellows stock and finet Ither hi valve
AMLE *UKUNZ Is ter-%hed with a aceveled
pe- rench mirror, wUce i l pkt$ rpdalu
ad every improdrnaLet. Mnla uU -
GUARANTEED 25 YEARS. '%It
lue a written bindil 5-rear uates. bythe
mepur It l rreTeasuT. Tryaloemionnsail
sswill resud jour money If you e not Perf
-.ied. NOof these organs will be ol d4taI T
SWKR AT OCE. DON'T bELAy.
OSRtEUABILITY IS ESTABLISHED NYom
aot dea.' with us ask your neighbor &bts.wrie -a
the Ubbihero ttle paperor netiroilanBthaional
Bank, or &rn Exehanme N' Bank, Chicago; or Oerma Excharne as, B ew
eompny IB 'hicsao. w esa eaphaa sIwes*ees, occ ktire moe
Cigo, and 'mpro nearly people I ar own boalding. WI eOAUN
du also elything in musical inItrmeta at lowest wholeeal pries. -
Eft1iKE fIir g* iM. pg*****,5 EMSc*


ries, but could not renew it for want
of labor. The leaf stems stood about V
four. inches high with the leaves small
I plowed betwoon the rowe and aeloet I TIME TABLE NO. ST. IN EFFECT JUNE to, o:i.
ed a threatening day for rain, and un-
der and over the leaves I applied by BOUTH BOUND (Bead Down.) (Bead Up) NORTH BOUND.
hand 1,000 pounds cottonseed meea and No.0e No.85 No.75 No.& -- 1
250 pounds sulphate potash per acre. Daily Daily STATIONS. Daily Daily
It rained before we got through, but 4 .
we finished the sowing in the rain.: 5p a .......ASt. AunS. tine,,,,,LvAr 6, 0@ 1
Itictlit, We had an extra fine crop of a al tie :;vt...... a ugtine. r l.p 8 61, 90
fruit. 557p 11 ........ Hastings ........Lv o4p 82a
612p 1205p Ar......EAst Palatka ........ ..525p 8 1la p
In July I cut from this piece of crab- 1p 120p r ...... Paa .. 5Q). p 4a 4 G
grass two tons of dried hay to the 5 p0 IaL r........... Platka..........A iSap 8 Wa
acre, and the latter part of September g 725p..... A..........an Mateo. Lv -- .. 6 2- "
one and a half tons to the acre. We .. 66Lv.........nMateo......... p ....
finished gathering our egg plants Au- l* p 12 5p p Lv ....... t Palata .......r. Ar2p lo
gust 10th, the first being gathered 0 4 2 1 p "...........Ormond. ....* Lv 4 2p 642
June 9th. Egg plants being gross 0 p 1 7p ....:.Por tonan......... 3 1p 6 2a
feeders, I applied to these 1,500 pounds 15 828 2S1p .......New Sm y ....... 8S2p 600a 3
...... ~P .........Oki .UP. .,.
co"tonseed meal, 200 pounds bone meal. W. .......... Titusvile ......... 1
253 pounds dissolved bone, and 25( 3 t ::: ity Point .......... 1
pounds sulphate potash, this fertiK ...... 3 4 C ........... ... 1 47o I0
zer being applied at several different .... :pEal e ..........E p ..
times. From this land. with the tramp P .... 4 29 ......... Melbourne .... ......
ing, pulling up of dead plants, etc., I 5 04 ....... Sebeland..... 12 2p....
cut three and a half tons of hay to the ....... 5 58p"... st la .. 1
acre. Fertilizers did it. I had a large 5 .. 65... .........Fort Pierce.... 11 25 .....
...... 62 ........... Ti,>, ........... 0, a. ......
lot of different varieties of pepDe l.. l4 ,, .-.. .........T..... t 11 a ..::
pllUit, if tifiibd hiiime oa rg planui. o .......::.. Jeli' :::.....t 81 5
but had to keep them clear by culti- 0 ...... ........... Stuart............" iI a .....
Yater and hoe. Not one spear of crab. ... ........West Jupiter ..... 10 a ...
grass came to hay, but I had the same 1 ... 8p "...... West Palm Beach ...... ....
amount of Mexican clover, showing ... ".......... Boynton .......... 90-a.
that It must not be disturbed from its ..... 9 p ...... F"ort derdale S...... -8 ....
first growth. .... 07 ".........Lemon City......... 72 ......
A field cured without rain makes a .....ipAr..........Miami..... ....... L 7 15 ......
fine, bright, clean green hay when uffett Parlor Cars on Trains 85 and 78.
Dalea, -Dut if it geta oIne aliswr Ml f Bo Htwoo Jaois aville. PFA&b Ugeok and Mayuort.
rain it is blackened. If over-sweated o No.17 No. 1 .1 No.2j o.i No.
In tramp cock or mow, it will blacken. STATIONS Daily Daily Daily X 1 Sun u8 n Sun No
The rain does not lessen its feeding L.exSuee...... only only ......
qualities, as cattle and horses eat it Ar. Pablo Bea......... ....... 7 0P lli1 P pll .....
just as well as when perfectly green, 0ayport. .... ........... ..... 800pi40pl030 00pl .... I. ......
but when in this state it spoils its ,\ ,.lio.l8No. 20No.2 No.24 No. No.2 No Nol.
market value more or less, accord- STATIONS. iDaily;Daily Daly Daly Sun n Sun Sn
ing to color. When put in ten ton l_ exSuexSu xSu exuo only only only only
lots, it will ferment more or less even Lv. Map ort. .........................5 40a ........ ... p 1 s. llO OOT
when perfectly dry, but when wet- Pab Beach............. 0 8
wr. Jacksonville ...................... 60 8:::::: l000:::: 1:::::::::::.::: 0 pOO l 88p
ed in tramp cocks, the oest plan is Between New Smyrna sd Orage Between Tituvlle en Sanford.
to bale it at once.-G. J. P. in TitusNo
ville Advoenato, City Junotion. Xo.II STAVNI() INo2


_~ L ___3







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLORIA AlGBICULTUBIST.
Entered at the postoice at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.

E . PAINTER CO.,
Publishrs ad Proprietors

Published every Wedesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.

Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
AMfilrd with **t
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
TERMS.
One year. single aberiptio ...... ..... $.W
Sinx oti le sbcriptiono.......... LOO
Sile copy.................. ........... 5
ADVERTISING RATES.
Rates for advertisig fnunished on applica-
tion by letter or in peron
TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Articles relating to sm toic within the
cpe of thi Pper r ioh t
We nowt prai to rtn rejected mano-
s"it unles stsmp are eaclosed.
A mwaC w tions for intended publication
must be aceompnuied with rel name, as a
guanmtee of od faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will regarded.
Money should be seat by Draft, Postoffic
Money Order aa DeL d. or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
o bler lin cae of se. When personal
chedC m rued esdlange must be added.
Only 1 and cent tamps taken when change
cannot be bad.
To inare insertion, all advertisements for
this must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday momin of each week.
sror wrhr- wgtion to hae the ad-
asetiisifta r japer ar tW i *
old as well as the w address.

We now have an office in Jacksonville,
Room 4, Robinson Block, Viaduct, where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to see any of our sub-
cribers. Any time we can be of service in
Jacksonville. drop us a line to above address.

WEDNESDAY, JULY 4, 1900.


uneasiness was publicly expressed.
Recently the newspapers of the
State began to discuss the olive prob-
lem, and much interest has been man-
ifested. The discussion was, in many
cases, intemperate, and far too acri-
monious to be of value. Many irre-
sponsible parties also took part in it,
the only result being a decided drop-
ping in the market values of olive
orchards.
Summarily stated, it has been found
that there is nothing in the condition
of okve culture in California to Justi.
fy the sweeping statements made that
olive culture is a failure. On the con-
trary it was found that wherever trees
of suitable varieties, planted on suit-
able soil, had been given proper care,
and the crops properly harvested and
manufactured oliTe Vilture was a auc-
cess-certainly as marked a success as
in the case of any other kind of fruit
culture now existing in California.
There is a good and growing demand
all over the United States for certain
products of the olive, and the supply is
at present insufficient to meet the de-
mand. Ripe pickles of standard qual-
ity bring in bulk 75 cents per gallon
f. o. b., while good ripe olives for pick-
ling are sold on the trees at from $20
to $90 per ton. Oil olives vary in
price according to variety and location.
The causes of failure were found to
be among the following:
Improper selection of soils; neglect
of tillage and irrigation; neglect of
proper pruning; neglect in fighting in-
sects. And among the adverse com-
mercial conditions: Competition with
VVltonseeeA oil and others sold as olive
oil; poor harvesting ana manufactur-
ing methods; selection of unsuitable
varieties.
As a rule at least three out of the
above mentioned causes were found
to be concerned to a greater or less de-
gree in the failures; and it was found.
on the other hand, that in every case
where well selected varieties had been
nlisaId ~ p~v o oHi and wore prop-
erly cared for, IlXPeseQ an ta n imanu-
factured, no serious difficulty was en-
countered.
During his trip among the okve or-
chards of the state the writer of the
bulletin was so greatly impressed with
the frequent neglect of these condi-
tion which affect success or failure in
the growing and marketing of the
olive, a neglect due either to careless-
ness or lack of information on the
part of the grower that he undertook


Olives in California. the preparation of the bulletin from
From an interesting bulletin on the which these quotations are made in
co on oli e in C a order to give them the much needed
condition of olive culture in California, information The bulletin Is not only
we make the following extracts in ref- interesting but it is instructive to the
sI__re _12M Oiftlamnicus t sf ~t~ !a- g--'-e'- of cflifornia olives and to
dusty on the Pacific coast: "t-tli iat slhRF amousux u mis11,ht 1-
sire to engage in the business.
While olives have been grown in Cal- In Florida it has been demonstrated
ifornia lor over a century, it has been that the olive tree will grow fairly
but during the past fifteen or twenty well but whether or not it will bear
years that the industry has assumed fruit, and if it would bear if it wonld
any importance. The first plantations be profitable, are questions that have
were made by the Mission Fathers, not been determined. But as our peo.
but at the seculai-rtiton of the mis- ple are no longer so entirely wedded
tuy, these treesere abandoned, a to t-e orange industry, and if they hay
, tee trees e abdoned a give the olive a tial. as a side issue,
but few-av now alive. Some of the while they are waiting for something
early settlers planted a few live trees else to turn up. The wait will. howev-
for opnrm.etal purposes; but little at- er will be rather long as the oive is
tension, however, was paid to olive cul- a slow grower and bears rather late in
ture until about twenty years ago, life.
when It began to assume an important
place In California horticulture. It had Individuality of the Farmer.
been demonstrated that the tree would Our esteemed contemporary, the
grow and bear fruit, but beyond this
little or nothing was known. Times Union and Citizen in the follow-
As the "Mission" variety was the ing editorial which we reproduce,
only available stock, it was widely speaks ot the necessity of the farmer
planted throughout the state. Be- maintaining his individuality, his per-
canse of a doubt of the true name or
value of the "Mission olive new va- sonal liberty but at the same time
rietles were Imported from foreign combining with his colaborers for mu-
countries, and today almost every va- tual protection. It says:
riety (about seventy in all) of the Gulsot says in te M'dle Ages the In-
olive growing countries of the Old vidality was strong ,the will energetic;
World is represented in the olive ,but in modern times te Inward and
groves n e ase f all new enter personal energy of man is weak and
An in the case 9f all new enterpris- they appear to have lost the proud sen-
es undertaken by people totally ignor- the appear to hve st the proud sen-
ant of the subject, much had to be 'timent of their own liberty. Yet the so-
learned by experience, and many fail- clal condition of the Middle Ages, com-
ures naturally resulted. As the olive pared with them odern, was deplorable;
came into bearing markets had to be human morality was very inferior.
created, for the olive thus far was a It i a wise him er who knows how to
commodity comparatively unknown hbserve the Just nblance between loy-
and unappreciated by Americans. Nor alty to organized 'power, and strong inde-
was it with the olive alone that diff- dendenoe of personal thought and action.
culty was experienced in marketing. Very fruit-grower should belong to an
Badly organlxed markets led to gener- orgausation-4 there re enough bold
al depression in horticulture, and much a d able spirits in his community to


amaritain one-but he should at the same a pipestem. The daily papers teach him
time preserve the freedom of the farm, a lesson in that behemoth of the Orient,
w-hich means action, nation, action. A. blundering down the centuries a toose
man who with an unliging Fsalitns btmule f ~mtrapjes. P erced on every
tooks after his crops, cultivates, har- side by Isat compact little pume cock,
vests, markets-pays taxes, pays his bills Japan. He Ih studied history to pur-
-4s never seen "ohopp~ng straws and pose, readinK how the former Gertnan
oamling it polittlc"--this as the man who empire was pest ed together out of lit-
ssaerts a free and pgreWq s ve Indtvld. tlM poekt prlnfAlpanl) w 9h wvrrtoi
ualty. upon the other; and how, under thi
Does 'he believe in protecton for his wrethed, reckless system, at cery
orange trees, while his reckless neigb- least movement of te elplss monster,
bor sneers at it with contempt? "Build- she French ahadt6a Or0aaWd Iae boder, a
Ing houses over isa orange trees." "Will 01od4er UsOetm O5e carrying a GOesm ba-
protect the saw paleibtoes next, I sup. by uo his banaet. But Frmeh armies
pose." He drives a coach and four over do this no mo'. In alaupy our a Oer-
these aarping crtics, not wth rudeness ma stGt n ae and bund the t-
but strongly. With quiet perseverance Atbnd toaWthr with "Mood and ine"
in the course approved by his judgment, and day 'urope repects -nd fa its
he beats to windward with jibboom brae- streiith He reambeo how hi owa
ea agnst iaead ales. He aay be SoonUrt, by f te.wbt oCvil War. was
l6 --] A--Ww


wrong, he may be mistaken, but be has
that fullness ad strength of confidence,
be covers all his labors with searching
scrunity of personal presence, attending
to every minutest detail in season, that
he conquers criticism and disarms skep-
ticima. Hostile comment is cowed and
sbashed in his preseme. He drives his
work with whip and spur-never permits
i to drive him. Every workman feels
that the eyes of the master are always
directed over him, He dreads lest he
should commit an error; he is pushed by
tatt stirring spirit to is highest ef-
fort.
'He may be wrong, he may be mistak-
en, but no one of tfis neighbors would
have the hardihood to tell such a man
so.s e man of quiet but strong personal-
Ity, "verearing hi consmthnts." WhIR
Andrew Jacksori was a boy his cdmpan-
tons toeaded a amsket to the muscle and
gave it to him to fire off. The heavy re-
coil knocked him flt. Springing to his
feet white with anger he said: "If any
one of you boys dares to laugh, I'll kill
him." Not one of them laughed.
The sucessfui farmer follows up his
ein winO Hr i -slirals'ela. y-t
humanely. They Oare not mile a tiu-
row or neglect a plant. The border
plants are tended as faithfully as the cen-
ter of the field. To trample down a sea-
gle plant causes 'him a pang; a missing
space is an eyesore to him. The small
wastes of the farm do not escape h4m;
he recognizes every place where re-
trenohiment can be acoomplihed without
impairing the effectiveness of his forces.
With a memorandum book and pencil
ready at hand, as he goes about the
farm, -he makes wotes of the small re-
pairs that require prompt attention to an-
ticipate breakage and the destructive
trespassing of stock. t l tries are made
o .treas and seeds planted. or different
faftmi s aimPIUae; m oniar as nssst
may be compared and a basis of knowl-
edge laid down.
The farmer of tdividuamlty is a bold
and independent skipper. To the old
Greek maxim, "Know thyself," he adds,
"Know your commission merchant. Bus-
iness is the key that unlocks 'he motives
of the humann heart If it is difficult to
know your neighbor tlhorouaishly in bus-
iness, how much more difficult Is it to
know a man a thousand miles away?
Once known he cleaves to him with a
sentiment skin to personal friendship,
through thick and thin, through the
prate of telegrams and the cajolery of
solicitors. Agents learn to keep their
distance when this farmer comes about.
"He stands Mke a stone wall; you can-
not coax one shipment from him away
from his house." Telegrims Interest
him only as the curiosities of an Idle
inoment. Men of no strength, no indi-
viduality, run wild after baree markets,"
Shifting hither and thither with a 'mobtl-
ity destructive to a bunness conetluttlon,
at the beck of mendacious market reports,
counting on sudden riches. But "the
green corn atI rotted ere his youth
obtained a beam." Their hopes are
dust; the bunco comniasston man, the
sidewalk dealer, bas claimed them for
his own.
Yet this same farmer is capable of
cleaving with steadfast loyalty to an as-
soclation of growers organized to pro-
mote their interest by concerted action.
He who truly knows how to command
knows how to obey. He knows the clas-
alcal fable of the fagot of sticks that
could not be broken aoros the knee,
while eadh one separate was napped Hke


Such are the leso sa history teaches
the intelligent farmer. While he will
yield not one ota of his personal inde-
pendence and control of hs patrimony,
he is willing to aultfice much to an or-
gaimation tht can give sim valuable
amsstance.' His work on the farm no
power on earth oan perform for him;
as aoo as he steps beyond the paternal
acres he finds many things which not the
strongest fanner oan do alone.

Bemrclmas on Cuba.
In a recent address before the Nat-
ional Nurserymen's Association, Mr.
P. J. Breckmans, the well known
authority on horticultural subjects,
gives his lus of the future and oWai-
bility of Cuba as a fruit growing coun-
try. He says -
Landing on the coast of Cuba as the
writer did one Sabbath morning by
lance, when our vessel man her bows
on the beach at Ftecador the conse-
quent delay of twenty-our hours en-
abled us to make a short 'tour to a fish-
_.. e *mit. J asr nias Mlsittr nI m r
extended the bospftaities of t home, a
courtesy we accepted, for we found much
to interest one engaged in horticultural
pursuits, though the class of trees and
palets is somewhat different from what
the nurseryman comes in contact with
here in the states.
The Island of Cuba, as we well know,
ts composed of various soils, all of whioh
are rich in plant food, and fertiliers
are seldom used, in fact almost unknown.
The mountains ame at odral formation,
and the lowlands are extremely rich in
lime and phospybtes. The wealth of this
island ies in the fertility of her soil.
The principal industries of Cuba have
= *tAr fl ?- taha E*lt{ras ofa
ousuigr~.. Ua t5I min usg ses men an
important Industry in the peat but eas
never been developed to. the extent
which the natural conditions would seem
to warrant. Besides sugar, tobacco and
coffee, Cuba produces all the fruits
known to the tropics and many belong-
ing to the temperate sone. Among these
arethe pineapple, banana, mago, guava,
lime and orange. This latter fruit might
be greatly improved by growing the im-
proved varieties, and also the great ad-
vantage to be derived from crossing
with some of the native varieties. There
are but two seasons in Cuba, the dry and
rainy. The rainy season begins in May
and ends in October, and two-thirds of
the rainfall occurs during the months
from June to October: now, here might
be a dlfficur y that would confront the
growing of fruits not native to the coun-
try, but this could be overcome by ir-
rigation, as the-.comtry is well watered
with creeks, river and other natural res-
ervoirs, which could be used to great ad-
vantage in the dry season.
It would be dillcu) to arrive at a con-
clusion in regard to which of our fruits
would do well in Cuba, as nearly all ex-
periments which were being carried on
subsequent to the war were abandoned
and suffered from neglect In Banta
Clars Provce there were quite a numi
ber of plaiters wtso were growing on a
small scale Japanese plums, persimn-
mons, pears, peaches and apricots, a of
whrh were trulltin and doing well, but
our correspondent says tat they were
abandoned during the tiunrreaton and
but few variettasm have survived. Black
berries ave been repeatedly tested, but
seem to be a ftalure, as the wietles are


I








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


not adapted to the climate. Strawxb
do wen and yield most abundantly.
the hgha.nds about Trinidad In
province, ales have been grown
out any Vpdcl aws, large and fine-
Ing fruit, but of poor quality, owi
the variety planted. Pears als do
in th lojoality, but mose tested wei
poor quality. I learned tht these p
ftas w6 M fsm sed broSlaht Amon
There seenm to be no doubt that 9
of our fruits would do well on the '
lded hiWl, as r demate is very I
more temperate tan on the lower pl
Peache of tie Chese type motl
uivon ua ps wsumn m witlitWi,
seem mof stable to ti eat
southern latitude, but many of he
ly ripetng varietie o the Persana
would Io doubt Suoeed equally a
This country offers an l9wttif fie
talbor 4or horticulturit in its vas
.teut t rich a ls oc every rlety as
varying Mtitudes ran in from the
to the mountains, a comutry tfst I
up with a new and enterpri lfg PO
ton and it wm dotte sustain a
reasondinr suneriorty in the cutlv
of fruit. owing to tn iie l"
diton oi Mhe cobry, there IS litti
being don tha e line of horticul
but with all govermnmnt affait fi
settled, as they promIse to be, it see
if there mi~t be a future for the
serymaa In Cuba ad Porto iRio, h
line of oitrus f14its -muh better thi
pomaoeous or stone fruts.

gROW AND I~aDVIMOs.

Large Peaches.-Mr. W. W. J1
brought the Journal-News man
of the largest peaches of the se
peentos measuring nine and a ha'
ches in circumference, grown o0
ioiii6 PIEw. If rIy oMn l" anB3
ger ones, hustle them in. We
large peaches. To all such the
nal's latch string hangs on the oul
-Manatee Journal.
Fruit in Abundance.-For the
two weeks, Leesburg people have
reveling in fine peaches at 5c t(
cents a quart. The price of water
ons has also got down to the size 4
editor's fortune and a fellow can
ten pounder for a nickle. Cantal
have become simply a drug in the
ket.-Leesburg Commercial.
Fine Trucking Country.--OnU
Leesburg's most Industrious, huf
and successful truck farmers is A
J. Kennedy. For the past nine mq
he has been cultivating a truck
of five acres in the suburbs of
from which he has realized the
sum of $1500. He is a practical,
working farmer and owns good
which he cultivates to the best a<
tage. Hae owns a good home, is o
debt and is contented. It is needle
say Mr. Kennedy is not looking
a new country to move to. He is I
fled with Leesburg and Lake count
Leesburg Commercial.
Japan Plums.-As we were pa
the Capital City Telephone Exct
the other morning, Supt. Hayes (
us in to look at a couple of basket
as fine Japan plums as we ever
They were of several varieties
were raised by him on his place
the city. They find ready sale
cent for a strawberry basket full
Hayes says, however, that there i
much to be made raising them he
account of the trouble and expense
insure successive crops one mus
out a few new trees every yea
thinks and remove the dis
ones as soon as they are attacked.
rule would work well in growing
kind of frit.-Tallhasseean.

/ Fine TobaocThe season for ci
tobacco has arrived, and Robe
Bannerman, manager of the
Maria tobacco plantation of the I
den County Syndicate, has for thi
week been cutting ns crop. Fr
six-acre field, grown under c
cloth, and irrigated, without fertile
Mr. Bannerman cut a stalk elgh
long, which was placed on exhil
at the Tallahassee National Bank,
tobacco was set out April 20td
cut June 20th, and is a fair eamj
the entire field. The stalk cont
thirty-two leaves, and not a bug


O. HEAP COLUMN
Onhis
with- RATES-Twenty words, name and address
look- one week, 2 cents; three weeks U0 cents.


SALT SICK. aured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. Mann, Man-
viue, Fla. 10x18-1m00


FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
Grstdrat Trssr LA budde d Bea 1,
Orlando, Fla.. a


THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
uj East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.

PI.NEAPPIjE PIIAINT FOR BALE-
Ablak, and CoSdon Queen SuvLoao and
lips from fine thrifty olents. Address
Arthur -H. Brown, Manatee, Fla. 26x3
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail
postpaid for Me per dosen. Good sized
plants ready now. W. S. PRESTON,
Auburndale, Fla. 16-ti
LAND TO RENT-In South Florda for
what it will produce over W00 pr. acre.
Party must have some money. I. M.
DE PEW, PalImaola, Fl. 2
LODGE, Plain or Society Shield, Silver
Key Ohecks with your mane only 10c.;
witn adorm Gc. I raan m a15
street, N. W., Wefhintom, D. x 2
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park, Lake county Fla., offers for July
planting 25 vaieties of 2 and 3 year
citrus buds. For good Stook and low
prices, address C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tt.


n i FOR SALE1 00 cash. Eicht acres of
high pine land near Demand Junction;
6 acres cleared, three acres of whloh are
in grove, the balance of the tract Is in
timber. Small house and a well on the
place. Address T. M. EL. care Agricul-
turlet, DeLand, Fa. Sty
Lcobs
some WE HAVE complete list American man-
ufacturers. Can buy for you at lowest
98sn, 'prices and ship you direct from each.
if in- Machinery, machines of a&l kinds, en-
1 his gines, boilers, incubators, windmills, or
Illy- thing wnted. Correspondence so-
like Jacksonville, Fla. Ott
Jour-
tside. =o4 zsnM .
STrack. Hna, Coal, Ct
|*-.5U t- PlatoPiB sad Coulbale.
past sauafedtio aed
been JsaSE MARDes
S10 8. Crlm t.
072 ztB--, STo&B .3m
-mel-
Af an
get a can be found in one of them. The to-
mupes bacco is of the Sumatra variety, and
mr- experts estimate that the crop will
yield 1,300 pounds per acre.-Tallahas-
see Correspondent Times-Union and
of Clitcn.
eating
r. J. Niagara Grape. WElte Niagara
,nths grape culture is not a total failure af-
larm, ter all said upon the subject. This
town week, Charley Beckert, the successful
snug vineyardist sold his entire crop of
hard grapes to kike Rotundo, the Church
land street fruit dealer, for a satisfactory
Ivan- consideration, and he has already made
ut of his first shipment to the northern mar-
8ss to ket. We are pleased to note these
g for evidences of faith in an industry that
satis- can be made to yield an abundance of
Lty.- luscious fruit and bring back satisfac-
tory returns.-Orlando Sentinel.

ssing Pineapples.-Pineapples are going
kange northward in great numbers, and
called checks are coming southward, but not
ets of by the carload. The pineapple grow-
saw. ers are much encouraged, and the in-
and dustry is taking on something like a
near boom. Our growers are rapidly get-
at 25 ting on their feet again, in a financial
I. IMr way, and the preepecta of continued
a not prosperity are now very bright.-Titus-
re on ville Indian River Advocate.
e. To
t put Big Grove.-Competent judges esti-
r. he mate that the crop of oranges and
eased grape fruit on Gen. W. P. Hazen's fa-
This mous Thonotosassa grove will net him
F any this year over $100,000. This is the
most valuable and beautiful arove in
the state.-Exchange.
hitting
rt J. Much has been said and written
Banta about the thrifty village of Hastings,
Gads- located eighteen miles south of St.
past Augustine on-the Florida Last Coast
om a Railway, but the vicinity and the in-
heese habitants deserve all the credit they
lUers, receive. The section in which Hast-
t feet wings is located is, perhaps, the moat
bition fertile in the state, and has the best
, This class of people to push its natural re-
Sand sources. A conservative estimate of
p4e of the potato crop this spring is placed at
gained placed at between fifteen and twenty
Shole thousand barrels, or fully one third,


ORANGE TREE FOR SUMMER AND
ORANG A aja. FALL PLANTING .
Budded on either Sweet or Sour All Standard varieties of Orange,
Orange, Rough Lemon or Citrus Irape Fruit and other citrus fruits
Trifoliata Stocks . . . in stock . . . ..

Trees budded on Citrus Trifoata bear young ad are


especially suited where artificial protection Is ued.


HIGHEST o GRADE o TREES AT LOW. PRICES

FREIGHT PRIPAID.

Complete Stock of all Classes of Fruit and Orumental Trees.

FLCRIDA GROWN PEACH TREES FOR LARGE ORCHARD
PLANTING A SPECIALTY.


CATALOG FREE.
Comspandence Solicited.


POMONA NURSERIES
ad Excdsor Feed sd Poultry
Farm&.


THE GRIFFIN( BROTHERS COMPANY,
Jacksonville, Florida.


Farmers' Attention I

*PEOIAL
8PRING
6OODS

Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
GEORGIA STOCKS.

and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Bnpplles
Poultry Netting ,"2 ."" Columbia Bicycles
CHARTER OAK STORES,
CARRARA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PtioPS
WRITE FOR PRICES.
GEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.



OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.


---_ ---- -- -_-
"SAVANNAH LINE"


...BY LAND AND SEA...

FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
FROM

FLORIDA TO NEW YORK,
BOSTON AND"" EAST.

SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Thence via Palatial Bxpress Steamhips, mailings from Savannah, Four Ships each week
to New York and making cloe connection with New York-Boston ships or Sound hines.
Al ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly ailing schedules. Write
for general information. sailnlg rhcdakcs. staIteroom resrrations, or call on
.. MN. TON. Trame Mgr., WA6LTIR MAWKIN~C, oGn. Agi.,
Savannah, Ga. 221 W. Bay t., Jacksonvile, Fla


more than last year. The growers last
year realied on an average of $5 a
barrel tor the crop, and this year there
is every promise of equally good prices,
if not better. Putting it at $5 per bar-
rel, there will be between seventy-five
and one hundred thousand dollars
distributed among the growers of
Hastings this spring from the potato
crop alone and there are, perhaps, not
more than fifteen growers in the bus-


less. I while the spring Irish potato
crop is the main one upon which the
farmers of this place depend, still they
develop many other crops on a small
er scale; yet they make good profits
off them all. Their fall crop of Irish
potatoes have been finding a ready
market at better profits during the last
few years, and the farmers are en-
couraged to go into tt on a larger scale.
-Exchange.


"'








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

FLONrIDIAA. operate an ice factory, etc.-Green

Late Monday evening. the 26th, a Titusville will have a barrel factory. L A N T 1Y S TEI'
difficulty occurred at the Kingsford This will be appreciated by the flsher-
phosphate mine between Joe en- men and shippers o vegetables, as it Line From Florid
dricks, a white man, and Sam Smith, a frequently happens that the supply is The Great Througn Car Line From Florida.
colored man, in which Smith stuck the very short for shipping purposes.
blade of an ax into Hendrick's left Messrs. E. B. Sembler and B. W. Mun-
breast and instantly killed him. On a shaw, or Palatka, arrived here the lat- CONNECTIONS.
call for help. Sheriff Tillis sent his ter part of last week for the purpose
deputy. Burt Childs, and two other of establishing a barrel factory. They
constables to the scene of the killing; have'secured the building formerly oc- THE ALANTIC OAST LIE, via Charles on,
and they, with a few other men as a cupied by the Phoenix Mills, and will THE ATLANTIC (OAST LINE,via Charleson,
posse, began a search for Smith. Late be able to put out from 50 to 75 barrels To The Richmond and Washington
in the night he was found locked up ;n Kansas City for presentation to the
a negro Free Mason lodge about five the out-put as the business will war- THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co-
miles west of Kingsford. By this rant it. They have an excellent loca- lumbia and Washington.
time, a considerable number of men tion for receiving material in carload via All mall
other than the legalized searchers had lots and also shipping by carload. Fishia
joined themselves to the sheriffs for:e, dealers and shippers of fruits and veg-n R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and hattan'ga
or were following it. The deputies tables should patronize them.-Titus- The Southern Ry via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattana.
soon saw and heard signs of lynching. ville Star. To The The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
The deputies succeeded in protecting S. J. iord, city ticket agent of the The Southern R'yvia Savannah, Columbia, Asheville.
their prisoner until they reached the Florida East Coast Railway it Jack-
Palmetto Phosphate mine, on their snville, has secured a paten- on a bi- The Mobile &Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.
way to Bartow. Here the demand for cycle carry-all dray, which he inven-
the prisoner became so fierce that fur- ted some time ago. He is now at work
their progress was impossible. After on an attachment in which a granite Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for New
the deputies had protected the prisoner iron pie-plate plays a prominent part.
for an hour and a half, he was forcibly Mr. Ford has declined to tell the se- To The York, Philadelphia and Boston.
taken out of their custody, and carried crets. but it is said to be a model for a e rpot
off and shot to death.-Bartow Cour- railway train with a bicycle attach- Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta-
ier Informant. mnents to run on the tracks tion Company for Baltimore.
Messrs. Hubbard and McIntosh, at Dr. Ed. L. Stewart, of the state via Steamship
the Ocala Fiber Factory, are very busy bard of health, has about stamped out
and are getting in large quantities of the smallpox in Dunnellon and vicin- To KEY WEST Via PORT TAMPA and
saw palmetto leaves, which the four ity. The council passed a compulsory
stripping machines quickly strip into vaccination ordinance and Dr. Stewart ANT T A HIP LINE
fiber which is dried in the sun on a and his assistant enforced it and em- HAVANA PLANT STEA1SIIIP L .
large platform, again gathere- up and players at the mines gave no work to
pressed into bails, which will be ship- men who had not fresh scars, or would NOVA SCOTIA, Via Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
ped North as fast as a suitable quanti- not submit to vaccination. So far CAPE BRETON & S fr Halifax Haw r
ty has been prepared. Ten tons will 3700 have been vaccinated.-Ocala STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbury
shipped next week, and after that Tuesday afternoon while playing PRINCE EDWARDS and Charlottestown.
probably a carload each week. The with pop guns at Fort Pierce, little ISLAND....
factory :s only getting started, but ev- Ben Hogg thought it more like real
en now as giving employment to about play to get an old shot gun from his
sixteen men and boys and several father's bed room, where it has lain u m er E T icke
teams. Two dollars per ton is the for many years in disuse, and, which S um m Excurs n
price paid for the leaves. This prom- he believed unloaded, took it out, and
ises to be one of the most important in play pulled the trigger at Mrs. Tyn- to all Summer Resorts will be placed on sale Jjre 1,t.
and beneficial home industries in the dall's youngest son, and the gun was
community.-Ocala Star. discharged, burning the little fel- The PLANT YSTEM s "'Y Ue from Flrid with Tbrough sesplg-
A suit for $10u,040 was filled in the low's lace, and cutting away part of A Service to the Summer RSorts of
otfice of the circuit clerk at Pensacola his collar, and embedding it in the WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA and
Monday morning by Arthur Milliken wall. All friends of the Darcies con-
against Martin H. Sullivan, the mill- cerned are glad to know that the ac- THE MOUNTAINS OF VIRGINIA.
ionaire land owner and wildly known cident did not result more seriously.--
as "the timber king of the South." Titusville Advocate.
Some time sine ullivan sold aout Sabe Brosothis city have pur. or information as to rates, sleeping-car services, reservations, etc., write to
250,000 acres of land to Gen R. A. Al- chased the St. Cloud sugar refinery E. L. POWE. Agent, DeLand, Fla.
ger and associates, and the amount plant, that was erected at St. Cloud, F. M. JOLLY, Division Passenger Agent.
asked is alleged commissions on the Fla., in Osceola county, a few years 138 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
sale. The land brought $8 an acre. ago by Hamilton Disston. This refin- STUART R. KNOTT, Vice-President, W. B. DENHTAM, Gen. Supt.,,
The suit is one cf the largest that has ery has not been in operation for some Savannah, Ga. Savannah, Ga.
been filled there for a number of years. time, owing to the death of its found- B. W. WRENN, Passenger Traffic Man Savannah, Ga.
-Pensacola News. er. This refinery is considered one of
John Millen, of Duluth, Minn., gen- the best In the country, as well as one '
eral manager of the B. A. Alger land of the largest plants in the South. It well as running a shirt factory. They (
syndicate, accompanied by T. J. Ml- has a capacity of 600 tons of sugar per are hustlers and expect to win and we 'Fse Yo G
len (his brother), H. L. itchell, bus- day, and could be increased several- wish them success.-Tampa Times.
iness manager of the Edwin P. Allis- hundred tons a day at a small cost.Sa- R. F. Bettis, of this city has sent to
son Mill Co., of Miwaukee and H. L. bel Bros. purchased this plant purely Democratic national convention a TO Flat Trees?
son Mill Co. ot Milwaukee, and H.L. on speculation, and in order to start up handsome gavel made of orange wood
Glover, a prominent, mill and timber a refinery n this State, they are will- grown in Hillsborough county. It is We have a fine lot of Orange, Grape
man of Mobile, arrived in the city ing to dispose of a plant to a company encased in a suitable box made of Fruit and Kumquat trees.
yesterday morning on a tour of in- at a great bargain, and are open to black cypress .lso from this locality) ALSO
spetion. t was armored on the propositions from any who means and no doubt will be a welcomed gift. A general line of fruit and nut trees,
streets yesterday afternoon that the business and would like to start up a -Tampa Times.
manager of the Alger date was in first class refinery in this State.-Me- Another large corporation was form- r hrubbe et
the city for the purpose of looking over tropolis. ed in Tampa yesterday. The work of Low prices and frieght prepaid. Let
the ield, probably with the view of es- all the preim- n mail you a atloge.
tablishing the long talked of and mch A gang of safe-blowers is tour- organizing t, including all the prelim- us mal you a catalogue.
envied car ana wagon factory which, ing the Manatee section. Thursday inaries, was accomplished in less than
t ndertood, wi be established night the gang operated n Palmet- one day-an index of the business Summit Nurseries
some point in South Alabama or West to, breaking into two safes during the thrift and energy of the men who are
somepoint th Alabama or West night. Passengers on the steamer behind the concern. This enterprise Monticello, Fla.
Florda-Pensacola tress Mnatee brought the news to the city s the Tampa Foundry and Machine
The proposed palmetto fibre factory, ast night. The safe of Horace E. company, and the Tribune has the
mention of which was made in the Harlee was first blown open, and rif- pleasure of publishing the articles of rious dairy appliances, buildings dis-
Telgraph-a short time ago, is now a led of all Its valuable contents. For- incorporation this morning. The cor- play of butter, and other things most
reality, and the pleasant hum of its tunately there was only $4.16 i money pany s capitalized at $40,000. It will interesting. The statistical part is of
machinery i heard in our town. A in the safe, but many valuable papers do all manner of business coming un. value, showing a total value of dairy
company for manufacturing fibre from were taken. Later, the robbers en- der the head expressed in its corporate products in butter, cheese and milk, of
the leaves of the saw palmetto has tered the Dostofice and dynamited the name. John T. Moffltt, a young $451,000,000. The table as estimated
been formed by some of our enterpris- safe there. They made a clean sweep man who has recently come to this by the chief, gives the number of cows
ing cittzes, with Capt. k G Miller as of all the valuables therein. The offic- city from Ashboro, N. C., was the main as 17,50000,00-11,000,000 are credited
general manager, and a duplex Bish- lals refuse to say how much money mover in forming the company.-Tam- with an average of 130 pounds of but-
op fibre machine has been installed in was take.-Tamba Tribune. pa Tribune. ter; 1,000,000 an average of 300 pounds
the upper story of J. G. Alvarez's gin- F -- of cheese; and 5,500,000 with 380 gal-
nerte gin engine furnishing the Five expert shirt makers who were
nery, the gn engine furnishing the engaged in Philadelhia by W. D. Da- Year Book of Agric culture. ons of milk per year. Ts seems to
er tare Telegraphis, on his recent trip to that city, have The 1899 issue of the Year Book of be a conservative estimate of the yield
The xew Manufactory of Messrs. arrived here and the new Tampa Tai- the Department of Agriculture is at when we have records of cows produc-
Hubbard & McIntosh is getting under loring and Shirt Manufacturing com- hand, with a vast fund of information ing 1,000 pounds of butter, and 15,000
good headway at Ocala. It is convert- pany will begin operations at once on many topics, which makes it one of pounds of milk per year. This Year
ing saw palmetto leaves into fibre for They will use the store formerly oc- the valuable books of the year to all Book is a standard publication, yearly
making mattresses. Incorporation not- cupied by the Weeden Drug company who wish to keep posted on the work increasing in value, and worthy a place
ice has been published in the Dunnel- on lower Franklin street. The opera- of the agricultural department. The in the library of every one interested
Ion Citizen of the Carmichael & Son tors are Valentino Feccio, Gus Feccio, part devoted to dairying, compiled and in agriculture in its broadest meaning.
Company. Their place of business Mrs. A. Quimbley, Miss Mabel Quim- written by Major Alvord, chief of the -Prairie Farmer.
will be Oals. Their capital stock is bley and Thomas Easton. The new dairy division, is entitled "Dairy De-
$50,000, and they will do a general mer- firm expects to start up tomorrow, and velopment in the United States." The Subscribe to the Florda Agricultur
chandise business, Buy and sell land, will do a general tailoring business as article is illustrated with cuts of var- ist.







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


ThouamndB Have Kidney Trouble
and Don't Know it.
How To Pind Out.
Fill a bottle or common glass with your
water and let it stand twenty-four hours; a
sediment or set-
tling indicates an
Unhealthy condi-
i f Ltion of the kid-
neys; if it stains
--- your linen it is
evidence of kid-
ney trouble: too
frequent desire to
Pass It or pain in
the back is also
convincing proof that the kidneys and blad-
der are out of order.
What to Do.
There is comfort in the knowledge so
often expressed, that Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-
Root, the great kidney remedy fulfills vAry
A-2 W T#Xi^iRRKars. Vsai 14 4148
back, kidneys, liver, bladder and every part
of the urinary passage. It corrects inability
to hold water and scalding pain in passing
it, or bad effects following use of liquor,
wine or beer, and overcomes that unpleasant
necessity of being compelled to go often
during the day, and to get up many times
during the night. The mild and the extra-
ordinary effect of Swamp-Root is soon
realized. It stands the highest for its won-
derful cures of the most distressing cases.
If you need a medicine you should have the
best. Sold by druggists in 50c. and$1. sizes.
You may have a sample bottle of this
wonderful discovery FCh
and a book that tellshi t
more about it, both sent M
absolutely free by mail,
address Dr. Kilmer & Home of SwompRoot
Co., Binghamton, N. Y. When writing men-
'ton reading this generous offer in this paper.

L.. V..V V,-..- ........6.t.t.t4..


SGROFULA

thin Mood, weak lungs and
paleness. You have them in
hot weather as well as in cqld.
SCOTT'S EMULSION cures
them in summer as in winter.
It is creamy looking and pleas-
ant tasting.
9oc. andLso; all dauists.


l~ses~~,wwswesssss is5S U65U


ALWAYS KEEP ON HAND




There is no kind of pain
or acho, Internal or exter-
nal, that Pain-Killer will
not relieve.
_22l QUT rOB euiTsTloans sain Ous
STITUTES. THE GENUINE BOTTLE
BEARS THE NAME,
PERRY DAVIS A SON.




tI rlIIL L
BPAEEAR THE NAME
iiiiiiuu Iin

PAGE DAIRY FEONE, 9-50,
basnine oriotl walw and is i lnee b Mh.
PAGE WOVI WIREK UEI CO.,ABIAN,I ICH.


POUI/RY DEPARTMENT.

Address all communications to Poul-
tuy Department, Box 200, DeLand, Fla.

Poultry In The South.
E. S. Hull of New Orleans, La., who
has had experience both in the North
and South, in chicken raising, writes to
the American Poultry Advocate of his
experience in the South, which we feel
will prove interesting to our readers of
this department;
"Thinking that your subscribers
would like to know something abdut
poultry in the far Sunny South, I will
furnish you with some of the facts
about our troubles which are as num-
erous as you may have them In the
North. I am a northern man m,~aolf

on a city lot as well as in New Or-
leans. Our greatest pests is mosqui-
toes, they are so voracious that they
actually eat the eyes, out of old chick-
ens, and the young after being weaned
are the greatest sufferers, we have ice,
roup, cholera, ca ker and about every-
things that the northern fancier has to
contend with.
"It costs us more to feed our poultry
but we get a good price for eggs, strict-
ly fresh creole eggs, commonly called
'yard eggs' are worth from 20c to 35e
the year around, but you can buy in
the markets broilers of good size at the
rate of two for 15c so you can under-
stand the folly to breed anything but
Leghorns as they are the most hardy
and profitable bird to raise in the
South. I keep white Leghorns, 'Wyck-
off Strain' and have what I call a re-
markable record with them from a
five year old cock and two year old
hens, I have hatched 42 youngsters all
February and March chicks the re-
ult iihtblt Dpart of it i9 tlit OvI'oy VlIC t
is a pullet, not a cockerel in the lot, as
my cock is getting very ancient, I need
a good cockerel and want one that will
score at least 93 points. I raise Black
Langshans for my own table use. I
do not raise poultry for profit simply
for fun, and every Sunday will find me
the entire day out with the chickens. I
have not had a louse on a chicken for
two years. I keep on hand a supply
of street sWetepings which I place In an
ordinary sugar barrel, four barrels in
all, place barrel on side, board up front
about three inches, throw in a bucket
of street sweepings with two ounces of
Persian insect powder, do this and you
will find a hen in each barrel enjoying
herself."


Expert' Duck raising.
Of late our tendency has been to feed
more bran. We never exceed the pro-
portion of half meal and half bran.
Some breeders give at the end of 10
weeks 80 per cent of meal, but we like
bran better. Duckg and geeae detect a
very slight change in food and at any
abrupt change they will refuse to eat.
I think ducks are even more particu-
lar than geese. The theory with hens
is that they should have as constant
change of food as it is possible to give
them, but this theory will not work on
ducks.
We carry them right straight
through on this feed, not exceeding
one-half bran and one-hali meal and
some beef scrap. If you think you are
going to get better markets you can
mature birds more quickly by giving
beef acran. Of ooupac it is a question
whether you cau afford to pay so much
for beef scrap when you could get the
same results with bran in a little long-
er time. You can get fairly good re-
sults with nothing but bran and meal.
If you are raising for breeding birds
you can mature them and get as good
a frame on bran and meal, but it will
take y'ou tWg month lonuKr. A titif
hatched in March would be pretty well
developed in September if fed stimu-
lating food, but it would be November
before it was developed If you fed no
stimulants. We believe in an abun-
dance of green food for breeding birds.
In all water fowls the white-meated
ones are the desirable birds. A large
proportion of bran will give a white-
meated bird, either in ducks or fowlsa
-G. P. Follard, in Farm and Home.

Food For Young Chicks.
I remember when as a child on the


farm it was my duty to mix a large
pan full of corn meal into dough with
cold water and feed the chickens. We
raised a great many chicks on that
food, with the addition of what they
picked up in a free range of the farm.
Now I never feed raw cornmeal. I
think it is much better for them when
it is baked into a bread that crumbles
easily. To make the bread mix with
buttermilk, using twice as much soda
as one does for the table. The bread
will be rather yellow if the double por-
tion of soda is used, but this does not
matter. For a change, an occasional
feed may be baked very hard and
soaked in skim milk. The skim milk
given them to drink is also good. There
is nothing better than table scraps for
the chickens, young or old but in these
days we have learned to use the "left
overs" In so mfa 'v : 7 ,fA
1TRIZraS4 TuI f& U1ibe would iaffice ror
a very small flock.
Very small chicks will learn to eat
wheat, and it is excellent to alternate
with the cornbread. If they have a
free range they will pick up all the
green food they need; if they are in
small lots something of the kini
must be furnished them. I find that
they will eat chopped radish tops
greedily. Last spring alluring catalog
description of a mammoth radish in-
duced me to try it. The tops proved
to be mammoth, indeed, but the roots
were about the size of one's little fin-
ger. However, they made such an
abundance of green food for my poul-
try that I thought they were worth
the room they had had in the garden
and the cultivation that had been giv-
en them.
Feed but little at a time and feed
often is a good rule to follow, especial-
ly for the first six weeks of the chick's
life. Five times daily is not too often,
if they are kept in an enclosure. After
the weather becomes warm a hIn Wh6
may roam where she will on a farm
will almost raise her brood without
regular feeding.- New York Tribune.

Chicken Talk.
The poultry business has Its ups and
downs and like any other business,
"eternal vigilance sl the price of suc-
ces." Especially is it true this time of
year when the lice, the hawks and all
kinds of vermin seem to conspire to-
gether to upset a person's well cher-
ished plans,truly the best laid plans of
mice and men "glang oft aglay."
I find the only successful way to con-
tend with the lice problem Is to take
time by the forelock and kill them be-
fore they come. That sl keep up a con-
stant crusade with white wash and in-
sect powder that they dare not. I al-
ways feel sorry for those people that
never have any trouble with hen Mee,
generally it is a case where Ignorance
is bliss, etc.
Hawks are about the Wornt encmles
we have here in Ohio, there seems to
be no scare for them, only the shot
gun scare,. and they seem to have
the faculty of knowing when the
men are away and come for their din-
ner before they get in.
But to return to my subject, I am
BVr9iWhat like the preach I "ad
about, who had his sermon divided in-
thre parts: Firstly, he took his text:
secondly, he left it; thirdly, he never
got back to It.
Well, when you have to give chick-
ens a change of feed and have about
lhatintod your larder for something
new, just try pouring warm skim milk
over a mixture of bran and ground
oats and see how well they like it. I
like to give them plenty of old fashion-
ed corn meal mixed with water, but
not sloppy, after the first week they
will do well on It for me.

i-ainm Kier w as l Interhal remedy
has no equal. In cases of summer
complaint, diarrhoe, dysentery it cures
quickly. Used as a liniment its action
is like magic when applied to bad
Bsres, burn, scalds, and sprains. For
the sick headache and for toothache,
don't fail to try it. In short it is a
Pain Killer. Avoid substitutes, there
is but one Pain-Killer, Perry Davis'.
Price 25c and 50c.

Subscribe to the Florida Agricultur-


A Lesson to Mothers.

How a Daughter's Life Wa Saved By
the Timely us of a Household
Remedy It should be
Known to l Mothere.
Mothers, look to the health of your
daughters s they approach that perilous
period of their lives when they undergo that
marvelous transformation from girlhood to
womanhood. Guard them closely, their
whole future depends upon the care you
give them.
The system is weakened by the changes
that are taking place, and it is often at this
stage that the deadly consumption fastens
upon its victims.
The cause of the majority of weaknesses
of women can be traced to this critical
period of the girl's lie.


Mis8 FPmtL nC CLOTr.
Mrs. Ella Clute, of 319 Wilkinson St.,
y8racuse, N. Y., tells how her daughter
Florenee was saved. Doctors had failed
entirely, and it is to Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills for Pale People that she owe her life.
"When my daughter Florence was 13
year old she was ple and thin and suffered
severely with stomach trouble and bearing
down pains. She became so weak that she
could just get around the house. We feared
that she would never et through this first
critical period of her lft. Ourdoctor thought
th it he ir i ig to isiik onsaumtione
He treated her without success, and noth-
ing seemed to do her any good. One day
we read an advertisement in the paper of a
ase similar to Florence's which had beer
cared by Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale
People. We tried the pills, and by the
time half a box had been used she was
greatly improved. Her appetite was better,
e began to have a better color and the
pills seemed to regulate her system and cure
the female trouble which was the worst
feature of her condition. She continued
takin the pills and wa soon oomplstely
curd There has been no return of the
trouble and she now enoys perfect health.
"I have used the pills myself as a rega-
lator and have been greatly benefited by
them. I have recommended Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills to many people, for I know that
they are an excellent remedy for all women
who are offering -from the disorders pecu-
liar to our sex. Mas. ELLA CLUTE.
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are sold by all
drugglsts, or direct flom Dr. Williams Med-
icine Co., Schenectady, N. Y., ostpaid on
receipt of prie, per box, six bxes$2.50.









EEDS
grow irine arop. beeanms they' g
nsh and always the best. For
ale everywhere. Refuse substitutes.
Stick to Lerrsy'le es and prosper.
00 eed Annual free. Write for t.
D. FERRY & CO., Debet, Micb.


GPML
B oW L8M Gon. Usef


The Rev. Rockwell Claucey, a mis-
sionary who has just returned from
India, says that he "saw girls in one
town sold for thirty cents apiece. They
were bought up by the Mohamme~and,
Boys were unsaleable." This traffic in
human flesh is due to the great famine
in India. This is but one phase of the
terrible condition that the people of the
United States as well as the people of
other countries, are called upon to ro-
lieve. And can the rest of the world
escape its responsibility because Great
Britain is not doing her full duty?-
Milwaukee News.


T









a a s A


FACTORY LOADED


"mwRlttl," "Lea
S uist upon having them, take no others and
4 ALL DEALER!
, .-- v v- -- W'v F

Glucose Honey.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Dear Sir-In one of the late issues of
your valued paper is a reproduction of
the article referred to in the enclosed
eliDeinE. Will you kindly publish this
let'wr o Uair. H ii JISt'92i to a mu:11t
maligned industry. I wrote a refuta
tion to the T. U. & C., before I saw this
letter but this coming form Mr. Hill
who Is editor of The American Bee-
keeper and a most estimable gentle-
man, should carry weight enough to
eouVIuoQ any one of ito trath,
W. 8. HART.

The item, doubtless, had its origin in
the Imaginative brain of some ambi-
tious young reporter on a sensational
city daily, and though without the
slightest foundation in fact, it has
been extensively copied by the news-
papers during the past few months
greatly to the injury of a legitimate
and growing Industry. It ia a modifi-
cation of Prof. Wiley's Scientific
Pleasantry," which from the columns
of the Popular Science Monthly, in
1883, quickly spread over the entire
world. In this case, however, the the
bees were not required to fill and seal
the combs of glucose; appropriate ma-
chinery for the former, and a hot iron
for the latter purpose being employed.
But the honest producers of honey-
the purest, most wholesome and de-
licious sweet the world has ever known
compelled the Professor to acknowl-
edge the falsehood and publicly re-
tract tie statement made without
malicious intent, but which resulted ini
incomputable iooo t tAs 1 llI~nIro
ducers of the land.
With due apology for the personal
reference, the writer begs to state
that as a student of practical agricul-
ture, covering a period of twenty years.
operating more or less extensively in
widely different parts of the country,
from the Atlantic to the Pacific. and
from the Georgian bay to the soutk
Soagt of Cuba. with exceptional op-
portutities to otrerve e n? incr iifi
Wings of the bee-keeping industry in de-
tail, he has never known of so much as
an ounce of glucose having been fed
to bees; except in a few experiments
which were conducted in the earlier
days to determine its effect upon bees
as a winter food in Northern states,
and they were entirely unsatisfactory
In results.
The bee keepers of the United States
to day have a national organization.
with a membership exceeding five
hundred, the chief object of which is
the suppression of adulteration of hon-
ey by dealers or others, and the secur-
ing of pure food laws. If the bee-
keeper were to engage in the whole-
sale feeding of glucose as asserted by
the Mail and Express, his avocation
would Boon ti gone. The cToniAniBtat
referred to in the foregoing have prov-
en that If starved to it bees will, with
great reluctance, eat It. It is extreme-
ly injurious to the bees, and when
compelled to store it in the combs, it
will solidify in the hive, thus effecting
the ruin of both combs and les.
Glucose stored in 'honey combs wouull
not be honey but the same tasteless
insipid sweet which it was before
that no one could relish or would buy
a second time. It is the delicate, delic
lous flavor of honey, impregnated, as
it were, with the flavor and perfume
of the fSwers from which the pure
nectar was gathered by the oees, thai
has characterized it as the food of the
gods from time immemorial, and by
virtue of which it will continue as one
of the dantiest of delicacies to grace
the tea tables of the nobility and the
artisan while time endures.
The value of the present annual pro-
duct of this infant industry in the
United States is estimated by the


I aaaaass


I


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

Sa,.. .... .. .... ...... of our summer work, and cultivation
Sis the order of the day. Many of you
> are no doubt making an effort to get.
E T E over your 'rPp, a portion of which
) may possibly suffer for want of till-
1 SOTGN SUEL age before you can get to it. We have
SSHOTGUN SH been in this position a good many
Times ourselves, and know how it
S Ner,"m 'Rep a 'p feels when one has a large crop and
f I Ieverything needs working all at once,
as it does after a rain. In times like
you will get the best shells that money can buy. this a scooter and scrape, or sweep, is
5 KEEP THEM. C rather a slow method of cultivating.
, v, ** V We need a tool which will get over
-grunil r.apidv in order to break the
the crust and stop evaporation, and to
United States department of Agricul- da this we have not time to run more
ture to exceed $20,000,000; and Flori- than once or twice to the row.
da is rapidly winning place with the In very young stuff the horse weed-
first states in the great sisterhood, not er is a great help. especially if your
alone for the quantity of pure honey, land is in good condition and free from
but also for the excellent quality of its rocks and roots, so that it will work to
product. which already constitutes an advantage. There are also a number
important iitnm in lik igrjas l t anid m [;Ii!i!?f ;;.': i!. lialnt hl-iii-
commercial records of the land of from twelve to twenty small teeth.
Flowers. These cultivators can lie widened out
What a pity that the minds of the so as to take most rows at one ipas-
populace should be poisoned against sage. You can run close to one side of
the product of so ennobling and such every row. and the other side can lbe
a promising pursuit, by the circulation attended to at the next plowing. The
of uBtll nionianll af that w1hih din Id-eC int. to git t.'r tihe ,r na quick-
graced the pages of last week's Far- ly as possible, after which we c(in go
mer and Fruit Grower. Surely the ag- back and work it more thoroughly. If
ricultural press should lend no hand you cannot obtain a cultivator like tile
to such work, and endeavor to repair, one described above, get your black-
rather, the evil effect of those publi- siith to make you a three-cornered
cations whose aim in life is the pro- harrow which you can open and close
duction of sensational reading. to suit your rows, having small,
H. E. HILL. straight teeth close together, and han-
dles with which to guide it. You will
Tobacco in Florida. be able to run over your crop several
'ite C'Iuban war has done one big times with a tool like this, while you
thing for this country, says the Cin- are plowing it out once with a single
cinnati Enquirer. It has compelled rec- stock,
ignition, indirectly, of the value of A Planet Jr. horse-cultivator fitted
Florida lands for the production of the with sweeps will clean a thirty-inch
finest tobacco in the world. In the row at a time. and where the sweeps
course of his recent trip to the South are kept sharp. will do splendid work.
Secretary of Agriculture Wilson was We use these in our corn almost en-
astonished to discover that 160,000,- tirely after it become any size, and
HM5) Havana cigars were actually find that where we run very shallow
grown and manufactured at present ont and cultivate often, we can plow every
the Florida peninsula. Already great row as we come to it without the least
areas in the western part of the state danger of tiring the corn. Last year
are planted with this crop, and exten- we never ran more than twice with
sive arrangements have been made for this cultivator in a four-foot row. We
its introduction in the central region. kept a board. or block. the width of the
Thus it may be expected that before cult ivator. aritichll behind. a.nd this
long r uriria wii rivl1 CubA A S w a lbl ~rll tirt y!-thin down perfectly level
Ibtcco producer in respect to the quan- leaving a dtlIt lllelin li llnoughu wnilh
tity of yield, while the quality of its very little moisture can escalp. It
c:gar leaf seems to be quite equal to was wonderful the way our corn went
that of the famous Vuelta Abajo. through the protracted drouth last
All lie conditions of climate in Flor- summer with this constant shallow
ida favor the production of the high- cultivation. Of course after heavy.
est grade of tobacco. The soil is much beating ratns where the ground has
l:ke that of Cu'ba. and by the aid of run together badly, it will need to be
the system of spraying that imitates cultivated deeper. Here the inch and
Intir,'nl ,.infAi fll. the plants are riplen- a quarter steels on the Planet .Ir. (cul-
ei in o1 fot-Tl'- Vt tn yl g !itu (ivr 11r1 "ei (1-" 1 1uc l 1ti:l0(- Iha - i ?' *'k 0r'. if
out. Tobacco can be grown almost the there is considerable young gra,1 to uie
year round, and crops can be set out killed, three-inch teeth may be attach-
ill every month, nearly. ed. But nothing kills grass quite so
A vast area is suitable and availa- well as a sweep or scrape, and three
ble for this branch af agricultural in- small sweeps on a cultivator will do
ldustry. The tobacco, furthermore, has faster and better work than one large
all the qualities requisite for cigars, sweep on a single stock, unless the
To be fit for making cigars the leaf gr'as is very uad, in which case the
must have a peculiar texture and coin- the cultivator may be liable to clog.
position. Cigar tonaccos will grow Grass should, however, never be al-
only in certain regions. If a manu- loved to get beyond the seed leaf, and
factoring type of tobacco, fit for pipe where the cultivation is rapid, and
or plug. he planted in Connecticut, it done witli the right kind of imple-
will acquire a likeness to the cigar nient, thin is as large as it ever gets.
type. and vice versa. It is all a matter A great many people regard tillage
of soil and climate. But it is a very simply in the light of killing grass, or
curious fact that whereas regions in keeping the crop clean. Now this is a
thle latitude of Sumatra, Cuba and great mistake, for tillage includes the
Florida produce cigar tobaccos, one preparation, as well as the after culti-
nmum Jump oJu r (fh il, o3itsitlnt L1(la11u nationn of a croD. and its primary ob-
in order to find cigar tobaccos again ject is to uliko! plant food avadiiblA ,
in Massachusetts, Connecticut,, Penn- and retain the moisture which is in
sylvania. Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and the soil for the use of the plants.
Wiscon.n, North Carolina and other I suppose there are more crop fail-
states are useful only for chewing. ulres because of the want of water,
pipe smoking and the export trade, than for any other reason, and all our
SThe growers in Florida use seed iln- efforts should be directed towards re-
po0't(ld rolu Cuba, They are ablet to gaining the moisture already in the sol.
get two and even three crops in a year. O course deep aund fine pliulralrlon is
SOf course some are better thap oth- very important, but prompt cultivation
S'rs. and often it is not possible to tell after a rain is no less so. If the crust
why. Only certain plantations in the is allowed to remain unbroken in enor-
'Vuelta Abajo yield the the finest ci- mouse amount of water will evaporate
Sgr tobacco, and it is the far west end from one acre in the course of a day,
of Cuba alone that furnishes the while if this crust is broken up finely
"wc'ed;- so highlyli valueou anid lift It-vI; th loss would be insig-
nintanut. Thiss is where the lovot till.
Tillage. age hIas the advantage of that where
I have been talking about seed-sow- the land is plowed into bieds. When
ing for a nullber of months, and while you "run around your corn or cotton, or
some of these articles may have ap- anything else for that matter, with a
peared a little late for you to get the scooter and scrape the plants are left
Full benefit of them this season, the on a ridge and there is anoilier ridge
knowledge will not come amiss. or so in the middle. The sun and air
We are now. all of us, in the midst will penetrate these ridges and dry


~L~ ___n_____


them out much easier than it can a
level surface. Furthermore, if we have
at shower the water will run away
from the plants, accumulate in the
furrows, and often not only run oiT
the field, but wash it very much worse
than if the cultivation hatd been level.
Returning to the grass question, if a
crop is clean a great many farmers do
not see the necessity of more cultiva-
tion. If there are any such gentlemen
reading this article, and who demon.
strated the truth of things and find out
what is best, I wish they would in.
stead of giving their corn the three
rg uiliittui lltlwlgffK, take :t lnrt of thilt
field and work it six times with some
tool which, going once or twice to the
row, will leave the land perfectly level.
It will not probably take you any
longer, if as long, as it would to plow
your crop three times with the single
stock.
A~a I !nvo ag~ id one of the main
points in iillal"ge 14 tU ln iUM> plant fimei
available, and the more we work the
ilad, if not too wet, the more of this
plmat food we will unlock for the use
of our plants. Now while a great
deal of this work should be done iu the
Drelt;ration. still inter-tillage nlust not
be heglrrvete. Lvvry liir- Wa 4ll'P UIP
the soil we make it ine and bring new
particles in contact witl each other.
This increases chemical action and
makes the fertility in the soil more
soluble. So keep the cultivators go-
ing, friends, and reap the benefit.-E.
L. oMerriam, in Southern muralist.

Small Canning Factories.
A southern reader, says a correspon-
dent of tile l0oluo llll F:i :rmn asks ile
for advice in regard to the conducting
of small canning factonIies. He wants
to know if it is necessary to have a
large capital to begin with. My in-
quirer does not say whether he wants
a canming factory to put up goods for
market or for home use. but I pre-
sue he wanrs to put up a small out-
tit as a kind of an experiment in the
canning trade. Therefore will say
to him that he can get a small outfit
for about $2.'O. Of course this will not
be a "professional." but rather an "am-
ateur." outfit. It will doubtless lie
best for liiin to get a small vat 30x70
ineii's, wh:.c i will lold about fifty
llhro-iuoutlnlu c.als ai unir r- uihli. LThin
size pan will be large enough for him
until he gets experience in the art;
then he can procure as large an out-
fit as the circumstances may demand.
lHe can build his canning house as.a
mere shed, or. if he chooses, lie can
build a house with an apartment for
every branch of the business. In can-
ning fruits the "knowing how" is the
S g- pr'<-,y.tp cf anoo~, whlili can onl-
be learned nby irkl&ntt. H- ligttt
work in a "professional" canning fae-
tory for a few weens and learn many
tlfngs that would help him greatly in
his work; or he might procure a book
on the subject that would help him
with its suggestions. Owing to a lack
of space here I could not undertake
to give a list of hints, but will say
that experience is the one school that
teaches. The;-e will be many little
things to learn, but probably none
that will prove at first a great barrier.
I)o not let me discourage you by my
remarks, but try the business--it is
well worth a thorough trial.
'Why Not Raise Our Own Sugar?
The N. Y. Sun, in commenting on
the failure of a sugar beet mill com-
pany, weause the mill wao m far fihrm
the beet fields, says: "Why not raise
our own bread stuffs, and provisions
and cottonn"
There is no reason why we should
not. According to the Sun's figures it
would require only a million acres of
land to grow the sugar we now con-
sume. It Is safe to oay that we have
that amount of cane sugar lands, to
say nothing about the beet sugar
lands. Attention is being drawn to
the cane sugar lands of this State and
Florida. \ e mentioned a few days
ago that a sugar refinery to cost a
million of dollars was to be built at
Tampa. In our dispatches yesterday it
was stated that the prospect of a re-
finery at Quitman was very promising.
It would not be at all surprising if
there should be quite a number of re-
fineries in this State and Florida with-
in the next few years.-Savannah
News.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


For the Florida Agriculturist
Cultivation of ,ollards.
Your issue of the 20th ult., gives
something interesting on the "Common
Collard' by Mr. Merrian. I cannot
agree with him in his prefix, "com-
mon, unless he refers to an article dif-
ferent from that which I have raised
for many years in Middle Alabama. I
do not know if it will do in Florida
but it is worth a trial. I am sure. I
never saw heads of cabbage finer, larg-
er, more firm, richer or more brittle,
tenderer, whiter or sweeter than the
heads of collards raised by myself and
others. Let two or three good frosts
fall on collards and they get better,
and you like them better and better,
and "if anything is better 'tis a few
more collards."
Our plan is to plant seed in May or
June. Plant in good seed bed on shad-
ed side of the garden, or near a tree
that will partially shade the plants, as
these plants, or a part at least, are ex-
pected to re-ain in the bed for late
transplanting. Cultivate and care for
them as you would cabbage plants.
For late summer or fall crop draw azi
set quite three feet apart on land that
has been well prepared by plowing an,i
replowing, and fertilized well with
good stable manure (or such prepara-
tion as Mr. Merrian suggests, would
likely do as well) in May. The collard
Is a gross feeder. When land is thus
made rich and well prepared, check in
squares three feet each way. Apply
quile a ahlovri frul or we-irottea(-ia-
nure, and work well in at each check.
Set plant well down, press dirt about
it, water, if needed, and watch it grow.
Keep well cultivated, which will not
be hard to do If land is properly made
up before setting the plants.
For late crop prepare land in the
same way. Be sure and break well
and deep. Check off land three by
three and a half feet each way. With
spade or other tool dig hole at each
crossing ten to twelve inches deep or
even deeper if your plants in the bed
have grown tall-long and shanky.
No matter how long they are how bad-
ly crooked they are, with or without
leaves, just so they have little buds on
Itap sa- FrRi RF xli !lt, {
in August or early in September for
late or winter crops. Now set a plant
down until bud is just above the
ground, throw in a spade full of rotted
manure, then the adjacent soil, press
down, water If needed and cultivate.
If this plan is strictly followed one
cannot fail to make large, hard, de-
licious heads.
Plants will lap and completely cov-
er the ground. The earlier planting
will grow tall, and perhaps four feet
high, the later crop will be low, head
near the ground, and lap covering the
bed even if four feet apart. These
heads are usually shaped like a pine-
apple and are very large. Have rais-
ed hundreds that would not go down
in a water bucket. Someone might
ask will all kinds head? To this 1
cannot answer. I used the same kind
of seed for a number of years and
changed but once. A friend sent me
some seed from North Carolina, claim-
ing they were superior in flavor, etc.
I tried them and they headed well and
did prove fine. We liked them some
better and I dropped our old kind. 1
do not know whether results like the


above can be had in Florida. We
have so many green and early heading
cabbages that we have not felt the
want as we did In Alabama where
winter killed the fall cabbages unless
stored away, and then they were not
lke the fresh ones.
It requires some cold, several good
frosts, even a little snow helps to
bring the collard to perfection. They
will grow all winter.
'Apply plenty of stable or cow ma-
nure, plow and replow thoroughly,
and when well done it won't hurt to
apply more and plow again. While the
crop is.growing a rake or cultivator
run through once a week will keep
down the weeds, grass, and the "dust
blanket" will keep the sun from tak-
ing all your moisture out. I am sure
one who makes a crop of collards this
way will do so again ana again.
M. W.
Strawberry Bunnera.
A correspondent of the Farmer and
Fruit Grower asks the following ques-
tions:
1. From a small plat of Lady Thomp-


WhenYou Bake

do away with all the hot discomfort of former baking
days, save yourself work and bother and do your
baking in less time, at less expense, by using a



Wickless Fae



Oil Stove


Burns the cheapest fuel
that's sold with abso-
lute safety, without
causing dirt or grease,
smoke or smell.
Sold wherever stoves
are sold-made in vari-
ous sizes. If your dealer
does not have them,
write to
STANDARD OIL COMPANY.


______ I


son plants purchased in North Carolina
last season, we are anxious to raise the
largest possible crop of runners. The
plants are vigorous, but not running
'wery much yet. They produced some
fruit in the spring, though the exces-
sive rains blasted a considerable of the
bloom, and we had a hand go through
them once or twice and remove the
"P~F' 1f Fti b anti lolnm. so t flat tinaj
BVS fi6t greatly weakened their vital-
ity by fruiting. What do you advise in
regard to them? Would a good plan be
to frst clear out the weeds and grass,
and then fill In with light fresh soil in
the alleys between the rows?
2. Can straw berry plants by any
method of treatment be kept up to
a high state of vigor in Florida, or are
we to' be obliged, for all time to come,
to import plants from the States north
of us, just as we import our seed pota-
toes?
To which Editor Powers replies as
follows:
1. Your plants have been somewhat
weakened by the deluge of rain which
has fallen this spring, hence they are a
little chary about throwing out run-
ners. It will take them some little time
to recover their vitality fully, to which
end generous feeding and culture will
materially contribute. As the prospect
is that we shall have a wet summer,
you should provide for quick and effec-
tive drainage in case of heavy rainfall.
It takes plants a good while to recover
from excessive soaking. Clean out all
the weeds and grass by pulling them
up and beating the earth out of the
roots; then carry them away. If left
on the beds the wet weather would
cause them to take root again. Re-
move all old mulching where it is
of any thickness; it retards the roots
of the runners from reaching the earth.
Then go over the entire plat with a
prong hoe, both in the rows of plants;
strike the prongs into the ground their
full length and pry the ground up.
Have the man work backwards, so as
not to trample the ground he has
worked over but leave it as light and
loose as possible. In this manner you
can loosen up the ground thoroughly
without loosening up the which have
alreadyy taken root. Scratch a little
beside each old plant and work in say
a handful of good commercial fertil-
izer or cottonseed meal to three or
four plants and cover it.
If you want to raise a few very
choice, strong plants it will pay you to
restrict each runner to three or four
joints, After it has taken root, say
three times, cut the end of it off, and
after the young plants are fairly well
rooted, cut off the runners next to the


mother plant.
Plants which you form on runners
now will have black roots by the time
you want to transplant them, but this
is no objection. The black color of a
strawberry root denotes age, but not
neIlossrily any worse than that. A
black root may be a dead root or be
a very fine. vigorous root. A plant
"ti, fMi ii fkilt awd r "'EdIna ijadur
root which it first throws out can
hardly be made to live. unless it is tak-
en up with a lump of earth'. Yellow
roots are more hardy, black roots
hardiest of all. A plant with white
roots, if you can make it live at all
will start to grow very quickly, and it
will push vigorously. But if you have
to transplant in hot dry weather next
fall, a plant with black roots will be
worth more than any other. The
above is written on the suppostion that
plant bed is decently tended. A black-
rooted plant which has stood in the
grass all summer will be weak, and it
will be hard to make live when trans-
planted.
". We have always believed that by
thorough, persevering attention, plants
could be kept hardy in this State, thus
obviating the necessity of sending fur-
ther North every fall for a fresh stock.
But we are obliged to admit that this
has not generally been done. and most
growers find it best to import plants
each year or every other year. It is
not difficult to grow plants in Florida
year after year, but to grow plants
which will continue to produce paying
crops of fruit is another matter. But
the failure of Florida-grown plants :n
many instances to produce well does
not prove the impossibility of raising
fruiting plants. When a Florida grow-
er shall, for several years together.
carefully remove the bloom and fruit
from plants destined to raise runners
that season, and still cannot raise
plants which will bear well, then he
will be entitled to condemn Florida-
grown plants: not before. In the
mugged and hardy climate of the
North the growers find that a variety
soon deteriorates if they force it to do
double duty the same season. In the
more enervating climate and poorer
soil of Florida, we certainly have no
right to expect a plant to "carry
double" and maintain its vitality year
after year, when it will not do it in the
North.
T"O THE DEAF.
A rich lady, cured of her deafness and
noises in the bead by Dr. Nicholson's
Artificial Ear Drums, gave $10,0000 to his
Institute, so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may ave them
free. Address 1221c. The Nicholson In-
stitute. 780 Eighth Avenue, New York.


Syrup from Watermelons.
A farmer and gardner named Hanz
of Bowling Green, Ky., has recently
making an excellent quality of syrup
from watermelons, according to the
Irigation Age, which states that he
will shortly attempt to convert some
of the syrup into sugar and expects to
be sueeogosafnl The anmo pn.-,r giSvo
(Ij h fiie-ning aeuunt or nr H i'iutel
with him:
"From eighteen melons weighing
from twenty to twenty-five pounds,
we made two gallons and one pint of
syrup. We cut the melons in halves
cut out the pulp, ground it in a cider
mill and pressed out the juice. We
boiled the juice in porcelain kettles on
the kitchen stove for twelve hours.
"With cider mill and hot air or
steam evaporator, two men can make
twenty-five or thirty gallons of syrup
per day. At the above figures it would
take about 570 melons to make 30 gal-
lons of syrup worth $15.00.
"Melons would be worth at whole-
sale about $5 or $6 and it would take
two or three days to haul and sell them
at market. With a mill and evapora-
tor in- the melon patch, a farmer and
one or two hands could realize 100 per
cent more by making them into syrup
and feeding the refuse to hogs, cat-
tle, horses and chickens, which eat it
greedily.-Valdosta Times.
HOW'S THIS?


We offer One Hundred Dollars Re-
ward for any case of catarrh that can-
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. Cheyney Co., Proprs., Toledo,
O.
We, the undersigned, have known F.
J. Cheyney for the past 15 years, and
believe him perfectly honorable in all
business transactions and financially
able to carry out any abligatlons made
by their firm.
West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists,
Toledo @hio.
Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Whole-
sale Druggists, Toledo, 0.
HIall' Catarrh Cure is taken inter-
nally, acting directly upon the blood,
and mucous surfaces of the system.
Price 75 cents per bottle. Sold by all
druggists. Testimonials free.
IIall's Family Pills are the best.

The government of the republic of
Hawaii terminated June 13, and Ha-
waii became a territory of the United
States.







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


OW TO GET A TON OF FERTILIZE

<< FOR $2.00 .


io,ooo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST within the next six months.
Every Thirtieth person remitting $2.oo for a year's subscription will be given an order for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired . . .

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Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. O. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for one
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
.............................. 1900 multiple of 30, as 60, 90, 300, etc., you can order a
nlessrs. E. O. PAINTER & CO., ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist, Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
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entlemen-Please find enloed .00f6r 6 yea' u chance in 30 of getting a ton of high grade fertilizer
scription to the Florida Agriculturist to begin at once. i e U Itof graue erilcr
is understood that should the number of my receipt be 30 beside. This may be YOUR opportunity.


or any multiple of that number, I can oruer a ton or any
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. cars at Jacksonville, Fla., without further expense
to me.
Shipping Point................. ...................
Freight Depot....................... .......................
P. 0. Address................. .......................
Note-Ifthe station to which the fertilizer is to be shipped is a
*.pr.pay." amount of tr2ght must be forwarded with instructions.


E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,


Publishers,


DE LAND,


- W FLORIDA.


A High-Grade Fertilizer
MUST HAVE


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"Thb i IDE A T BR ANDS-

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Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices


IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ...............$30.00oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE .............$30.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............ $30.00 per ton


IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)..........$ *7oo per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.....$28.00 per ton
SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I.................. $28.oo per ton
CORN FERTILIZER......................$ao.oo per ton


All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT TZER COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Pig's Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $18.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano, The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer. $44.00 per ton.


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THE, FMOID AGRICULTURIST.-


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