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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Vol. XXVII, No. 26. Whole No. 1378. DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, June 27, 1900. $2 per Annum, in Advance
.Few of our Southern farmers real-
ise the profit which can be made from
a crop of beans, properly fertilized,
and the crop given proper attention.
From the truckers' six week snap bean
to the white navy bean of commerce,
all the varieties are profitable In their
own particular line and season, and
the farmer who fails to grow enough
of them at least for the home mar-
ket and family, Is losing a good oppor-
tunity of making a satisfactory crop in
return for time and fertilizer spent
upon it The navy bean crop Is the
one I wish at this time to specially
notice, because It is a sure cash crop,
and can be as easily grown by the
farmer of the North; and acre for acre
can be made more profitable than any
crop of wheat. Another point in its
favor Is that It can be grown as a
crop, thus succeeding a spring crop
and in that way the farmer gets. two
crops in one season frote the same
land. Where an early or spring crop
of Ilash potatoes has been pwown,
beans can be planted the last week in
June or early m JWur, and a good crop
harvested by the litter part of Sep
tember. They also do well to follow
a turnip or beet crop, in fact, they
always do best when grown after some
root crop. But in order to get the
most from this, as all other crops, the
land must be wel prepared and put
in good physical condition, so that it
will respond readily to cultivation dur-
ing the growth of the beans. The land
must also be well fertilized, with the
proper kind of fertilizer; for it is as
essential to feed a plant with the
proper food to insure its healthy
growth, as to feed an ailmal with the
same end in view.
Beans are rank feeders, and a well
balanced bean fertilizer should analyze
about ten per cent. potash, seven per
cent. phosphoric acid and nearly three
per cent nitrogen. This may seem
rather an expensive fertilizer, as prices
S ust t pretalit9 biut t pays best to
use the proper grade. In fact, it is
almost a waste of time and seed to use
any other than the proper kind of feI'-
tiliser on any crop, and the future
prosperity of the farmer lies more in
studying and acting up to this prince
pie than Ir any other question which
confronts him today.
Half a ton per acre of the above fer-
tilizer on an ordinary sandy soil should
give a return of at least fifty bushels
per acre of shelled beans. This, as
prices are at this time, will yield a
handsome proft to the grower. The
pBiS gf beans has been steadily
rising for the past few years alsO, and
the probabilities are that they will con-
tinue to do so. for every year sees an
increased consumption of them. The
Southern farmer wants a profitable
catch crop to grow in the fall, to suc-
ceed his spring crop, and that is one
recommendation in favor of beans,
that they come in readily just at the
time when they are wanted.
The fertilizer should be thoroughly
mixed with the soil at least a few
weeks before planting time. Furrows
should be opened by using a drill, and
fertilizer applied in them, and then
wel mixed with the soil; for the bean
is a tender seed, and might possibly
be inspired by coming 1ii contact with
freshly applied chemical fertilizer. My
preference is to broadcast the fertiliz-
er, and then mix it well with the soil
by means of a harrow or other suitable
tool; and a few weeks later, plant the
seed with a drill. Some farmers, when
planting on a large scale, broadcast the
seed and work in by means of a disc
or spading harrow, cultivating the crop
with a weeder, and mowing the crop
when iipe with a mower. This is real-
ly the most economical way to grow
the crop, and win soon be the method
universally adopted in the South. In
the meantime, however, let us plant a
crop of them, however small, and we
Will not regret It.
C. K. McQuarrie.
Pomelos in the North.
Prof. A. F. L'Amoreaux, writing
from Lakeview, Iowa, to the Florida
Farmer and Fruit Grower, says:
"I find very few people that know of
the existence of such a fruit as the
grapefruit, and even fewer that have
any idea of its nature and use. I
brought with me a few sample~ which
I-picked from the trees in Fort Myers.
One of them was divided here, giving
a number of people a taste of its qual-
ity. Among them was a dealer in
fruits, and his wife. He immediately
ordered a box of grapefruit, and re-
ceived a box of Californias.
As weighed by the wie of tho same
dealer, the Florida specimen, not the
largest size, weighed one pound and
fourteen ounces-thirty ounces; and
one of the largest Californias con-
tained in the box, which were of the
ordinary size seen in the markets in
the larger towns of this region,
weighed half a pound-eight ounces.
To the eye there did not appear to be
that difference between them, but the
latter was mostly skin and core, which
weigh much less in proportion to bulk
than the pulp. The skin was three or
four time as thick as on the Florida
specimen, and what there was of the
pulp was hard ana (enclent in juice,
even in more marked degree than is
that of the California orange as com-
pared with the Florida.
As all testify who have tasted the
two,, the Florida is as distinctly supe-
rior in quality as.it is in size and quan-
tity of edible pulp. Nobody who has
tested the fruit, wants anything more
of the Californias, but two of the very
few who have seen the fruit together
say they would order boxes of Floridas
if they thought they could get them, in
spite of their much greater cost, and
of the enhanced price at which they
Woula nave to soe mem.
From such facts as these, we can get
some idea of the great future awaiting
Florida grapefruit, when it shall be-
come known to the world. To illus-
trate the ignorance that prevails con-
cerning it even in the great cities, a
single case will suffice. Our neighbor,
Mr. Franz sent a specimen of the
Florida fruit to a cousin, an intelligent
blacksmith in Chicago, but did not ex-
plain what it was or how to use it.
When I went to Chicago, Mr. F. asked
me to visit this cousin and carry him
a message. Neither this man nor his
partner had any knowledge of the
fruit, or even that It was a fruit. When
they consider the limited area in which
these fruits can be growth, and the vast
area and undeveloped condition of its
future market, the growers of It in
lower Florida have abundant encour-
agement to plant pomelos,.relying up-
on a sure demand that is certain to be
developed as the fruit becomes abun-
dant, and hence known.
Feeding Sugar Cane:
Editor of the Florida Agriculturist:
In answer to your request in your
last issue, as to feeding stoci on
sweet cane and syrup, I would say
that I hardly think it necessary to say
much on the syrup point as I think
that our drippings, or molasses in Flor-
ida will be in demand, for some years
to come at a paying price for higher
order of animals. I will say, however,
that horses, cows and hogs, once they
get a taste of molasses or syrup, will
take it In any shape you can- feed it,
It can be mixed with the drinking wa-
ter of horses to advantage. They do
this on some tropical cane farms, and
their horses when accustomed to it
don't Ille to take water without it.
This I heard a gentleman say who had
paid a visit to St. Kits. It may,
however, be easily stirred up in corn
or oats at feeding time, about one
quart to each feed, and in addition to
which the feed of grain may be re-
duced one-third. But if fed alone they
will take it all right.
As to cows and hogs, should you be
able to divide with them it can go into
their slops in liberal quantities. You
will frequently find directions in the
Louisiana Planter as to the manner of
feeding molases in Louisiana, which is
As to feeding cane to hohorses and
mules, there is no better plan than to
strew the stalls well with Dine needles
and throw the cane in full stacks
down near the feed box and let the
stock chip it off at their own will,
which they will always do by putting
a foot on it. The straw at the cane
deposit should "e renewed every week.
One feed each day, and that at night
of about a dozen average stalks will
be sufficient and will almost save the
expense of hay, as well as a good re-
duction on the quantity of grain. I
believe it is the best horse feed in the
world, as far as any one feed is con-
cerned. What your horses leave the
pigs will gladly clean up. No over
quantity should ever be fed at once.
Just what the animal will clean up
well is enough. All the blades should
be left on the stalks you feed. At one
period we fed our horses on it for
about three years in this manner, and
we had no sickness and never had our
stock do better service or look bet-
ter. It is a paying investment to feed
horses on it.
Sixty years ago an old uncle of mine
said to his boys: "Now, boys, never
feed a horse all he will eat, but leave
him a little hungry, so as to keep up
his appetite and make him anxious for
his feed every time, and you will never
have sick horses." kLis advice was
meant for any kind offered, and was
given by an old and ignorant farmer
who could not read nor write sixty
years ago, and not three months ago
I saw the same advice in the Louis-
ana Planter given by a scientific lee-
turer on stock feeding. I do not know
but what I would give the same advise
for children, for I believe that if par-
ents would adopt the mode that they
would have smaller doctor bills to pay,
less trouble, and healthier children,
and especially if you will give them
jackknives and keep a cane patch to
turn them Into, but, I believe I was
talking about horses and cane. If not
fed too freely they will waste little.
As to cows, they will eat it in quanti-
ties when accustomed to it. If fed in
small stalks they will get away with
the whole stalk, but otherwise it
should be choppme off suare
in about three inch lengths. If cut at
an angle it gives sharp points to the
sticks which interfere badly with mas-
tication, therefore cut it square off and
throw it into the manger, and they
will always take it.
As to results in milk and butter, and
especially in milk flavors, it is no use
to write an epistle on that point. An
epistle to encourage men to raise cane
out in the field instead of in the house
might pay better if I had room in this
issue. Do not scare at "monopoly
there is no danger of him. It will pay
if anything will, and will grow any-
where that a healthy pine tree will,
and in paying proportions.
S. W. Carson.
*he Use of IZghtning Rods.
While a good many farmers consider
lightning rods a delusion and a snre,
yet the investigations of scientists
prove that when properly put up and
grounded they are of great protection
to buildings. The beat rods are umde
of copper, aluminum or brass, but cop-
per is generally used. It is cheaper
and the best conductor. Aluminum is
also a good conductor and the low
price at which it is produced com-
pared with a few years ago seems des-
tined to bring it into favor for this
The best form of rod is that of a rib-
bon, say 1-8 of an inch thick by 3-4 or 1
inch wide. In rodding a building the
points should be not over 40 feet apart
and stand 6 feet above the roof. They
should be connected along the ridge
and the rods run to the ground on each
end of the building. Sharp turns must
be avoided in erecting a conductor, for
electrical charges prefer to go In a
straight line through the air rather
than turn corners. The rods can be
raised above the roof and away from
the building by glass or porcelain in-
Unless the wire is well grounded the
equipment will not prove satisfOctor,
The conductor should be attached to a
ground plate of copper having at least
25 square feet of surface, including
both sides. An old copper boiler flat-
tened out makes a cheap and effective
ground plate. This must be buried ia
damp earth, and If possible should be
located near a spring or stream. If the
rods are also connected to the water
pipes a better ground C~pnection will
be made. Moist soil If the only kind
which will conduct electricity, and if
the plate cannot be put in soil that is
naturally moist, provision must be
made to wet it occasoonally.-Ex.
402 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
The Velvet Bean.
Kliue O. Narn, in Southern Farn
Magazine, of Baltimore, for June, says:
Id will grow and thrive wherever thi
cowpea will, and has been tested front
Maryland to Texas, and as far North
as Missouri with tflttering success.
have grown the different varieties of
cowpeas for years, and I consider tin
velvet bean 50 per cent. more viiluable
both as a stock feed and soil improver.
The vines can be cut for hay or al.
lowed to ripen the beans. I have
known them to yield nine tons of hay
per wcre, and seventy-five bushels of
shelled beans when they are allowed
to ripen, on land that would not make
over twenty bushels of corn to the
acre. Their effect on the soil is truly
remarkable. Land that would not yield
e bushels of orn three years ago
last yedr made twenty-lve to thiity
per acre, and its drouth resisting pow-
er was increased 75 per cent.
The bean pods grow in clusters, and
a hand can pick twice as fast as he
can cowpeas, and having a. thicker hull
the beans will hang on the vine three
months after ripening before ruidsig.
add stock can eat them all winter. The
bean is very rich in protein and equal
to cotton seed meal, while the vines
supply the roughage, 1. e., ea.rbo-
hydrates, making a complete feed. I
am growing 300 acres this year for fat-
tening steers, and turn them in when
the beans begin to mature, and wheil
the steers are taken off they look like
the Western stall-fed cattle. They are
also very fine for milch cows, horses,
hose and all kinds of stock.
Success in farming.
Success upon the farm depends large-
ly upon the love which a person has
for his calling. Love of one's calling
is a prime requisite of success in any
business. Many people from cities are
purchasing farms with the idea of
making money and living an independ-
ent life about which they have heard
so much. The New York Post, in dfa-
cussing this subject makes the follow-
ing sensible suggestions:
"Having decided, after sufficient prac-
tical inquiry into the subject, that he
ounld ciuarr thne faist 1it bIm
make a practical selection of his farm,
not going so far from home friends
that he might become homesick at the
start, and locating with a view to the
accessibility of the market to which
he must look for profit that he is to
keep constantly in view. While it is
not necessary that he should hold a
plow or do other manual work on his
farm himself, It is necessary that he
should possess practical knowledge of
many farm processes, and he will not
fafm fo :-lWg4uRe i ne afloa not, ISo
selentifle 'farm manager,' at a salary
larger than the owner could earn in a
counting room, is to be contemplated.
The owner may, and probably should,
have a tenant, a practical farmer in
the field, with whom he will establish
some kind of profit-sharing arrange-
ment; but he himself should be the gen,
eral who does the larger planning of
the annual campaign."
The London County Council has been
asked to sanction the expenditure of
$135,000 for the purpose of preserving
the building at 17 Fleet street, usually
known as the "Palace of IIenry VIII
and Cardinal Wolsey." The doubts
previously expressed as to the histor-
ical foundation for this claim are more
than supported by the result of tile in-
vestigations of the officials of the
County Council, who report that the
building was not erected until 1610,
when It was Used as the offt o of the
Duchy of Cornwall. Henry, Prince of
Wales, had control of it until his death
In 1612. There is a record, dated a
few years later, stating that it was
then a tavern. It was familiar to Dr.
Johnson, Burke, Goldsmith and Itey-
-nolds. For many years it hls been
nasd as a ha!r d near's establishmAintt
much patronized by barristers.
BORN TO DOMINATE.
"M;. lTwass nas tiain nreallont al
your club a long time."
"Yes; none of us could call her to or-
der, so we decided we might as well let
her regular the rest of us."-Chicago
Ripening Cream With Buttermilk.
SCream is really the butter of milk,
held in suspension in a portion of the
milk which adheres to the minute par-
I tides of fat which exist in the milk and
Sof which the butter consists. As the
I fat is somewhat lighter than milk to
the extent of about three in one hun-
- dled. uand exists in very minute glob-
1ulc4, it ri. se very slowly, iand tile 1lore
Sso as the temperature of the milk is
higher. As the temperature is less the
milk becomes denser, and a little heav-
ier, sufficiently so to cause the fat to
rise to the surface in less time than it
will at a higher temperature, so that
when milk is set at 50 or 45 degrees,
the cream-which is the particles of
fat mixed with milk adhering to them
-will rise in twelve hours, but when
sot at Go doegroo it requires twenty-
four, or evten thirty iouri, to rise com-
pletely. The cream, says a writer In
Practical Farmer, will rise more quick-
ly, too, when the milk is set in narrow
pails, eight or nine inches wide and
twenty deep, on account of the greater
pressure of the greater column of the
milk on tile cream, or Putter particles,
at the bottom of the milk. And as the
lowest particles of fat are thus more
forcibly separated, and rise in the milk,
they come into contact with the but-
ter particles above them on their way
up, and atthtching themselves together
by their adhesiveness, the cream is
thus separated far more quickly and
effectively in this way than when the
milk is set in shallow pans, not over
three or four inches deep. This is the
reason why deep setting, all the more
so when the milk is of a lower tem-
perature, and thus denser, causes a
more rapid and complete separation of
the butter particles than when the
milk is set in shallow pans. So that
the deep setting method in cold water
cooled by ice in the summer time is
more economical in time and more ef-
fective in the separation of the cream
than in the shallow pan method.
But in the making of butter from the
cream we find that unless the cream is
ripened, as we say, that is, better fitted
by a certain acidity of the cream for
the easier separation of and gathering
~ntlP~.e ~a ts mint RlueO lonl[ns of tlhi
fat in it, there is much difficulty in
gathering the butter together' in the
churn, so that to save time in the
work of churning we must ripen the
cream or fit it for this separation. The
word ripen in this sense simply means
fitness for the use of the buttermaker.
The ripening of the cream is due to the
growth in it of a vast number of min-
ute organisms, which exist freely in
all places where milk is kept. and the
offioo nnrd effect of which is to produce
nacldity in the milk of the eream, and
when this peculiar condition of the
cream has been effected, the minute
globules of butter fat separate from
the milk in the form of cream and
gather together to form butter. When
the cream is in the right condition, then
we say it is ripe; or, in other words,
in the best condition for churning. For,
in this condition, butter is made in fif-
teen or twenty minutes, while, if it is
not ripe or ready, the churning may
occupy twice or several times ns long
to get the butter as when it is ripened.
And what is worse still, this long
churning exposes the cream so long to
the action of the air as it is agitated
in the churn, that the milk, and the
butter as well, acquires a strong and
disagreeable odor, which is termed
vancidity, and this is due to the par-
tial production of a strong flavored
acid in the cream, and butter as well,
Slhir-h ii ailliNi Bltyl't' ield, or the
acid of butter. In fact, to some extent
the butter is decomposed, and is well
on its way to such a condition of ran-
cidity as to be offensive to taste and
smell. Of course butter in this condi-
tion is greatly reduced in value, and as
this condition is more and more devel-
optiel die butter becomrea ff aJYlv anpA
unfit for use and of course unsalable,
so that the buttermaker is to be on his
guard against this, and and to take
every precaution to avoid it. ABltI tllS
he does by carefully ripening the
cream, so as to fit it for the churn in
the shortest time possible.
And this is done by hastening the be with the cream. There is no witch-
ripening by an artificial process. The ery about this; it is a plain, simple'
educated housekeeper knows very well effect of certain causes.-T.-U. & C.
that good bread cannot be made with-
out the use of yeast to cause the The ,White Velvet Okra.
sponge to get light, to rise, as we say. Okra is one of the stand-by vegeta-
Thli6 Cho dac ITy -4dWil ysat 2M tim bi, i;i tliWSPm gafaiema Therm am
sponge, and the effect of this yeast is several kinds and all are good enough,
due to the existence in it of a vest in their way, but the white-seeded
number of minute organisms which, in- sorts are preferable. The "back" and
oculate the sponge, and these growing "white" okra terms apply to the seeds.
in the sponge, produce a gas in it by Black okra has dark purple seeds that
which the sponge is filled with a veastimpart the dark color to gumbo or to
number of little cavitiea r ~ells, In any i11911a okra, but the whited-aeld-
which the yeast has produced the gas ed sorts are free from this objection.
by which the sponge is swollen, and It is advisable to reject the black-seed-
as she says, is raised. Then the bread ed, and plmat only the white-seeded
goes into the oven, and the heat kills sorts. Among the latter, the white
these germs of yeast and stops the pro- velvet okra is the champion.
duction of more gas, and the bread The pods ought to be cut every
when baked is filled with open cells, morning, alternating the plants in the
by which it is made light and spongy, row, so that every other plant is cut
Now we can by a similar inoculation from every other day. This will prove
of the cream ripen it for the churn itself one of the most prolific vegeta-
by means of the growth in it of a bles that (an be grown. .
countless number of minute germs, The hotter the summer sun gets the
which, as It were, ill the cream with better this okra bears, and there wil
exceedingly small spaces so that when be no cessation until late falL
it is stirred it has a shiny appearance, When other vegetables have burnt up
as we say, like satin; and when in this and gane to seed, white velvet okra
condition the churning is done. the will be full of pods, blooming and
small particles of butter separate, and bearing without a barren day, no okra
by cohesion gather together, and form pods ought to be allowed to ripen seeds,
little pellets of butter, and these adher- except for seed saving to plant from.
ing together by the dashing together Cut off an the pods regularly every oth-
of them in the churning, increase in er day and the plants will bloom more
size until lumps of butter form. But freely. It is sensitive to cold when the
it is most convenient to stop the churn- plants are young, but toward frost-fall
ing when these pellets are of the size In autumn the large stalks will bear
of buckshot, or sweet peas, and this for considerable cold. The market gard-
the reason that when the butter is in eners in New Orleans sow okra seed
thil form thi hBittfrmlik is moe eaily two or three feet in rows and thin the
washed from it and the butter may be pSants when up to i or i hInchs
gathered in a pure state. This we call spart.-Ex.
the philosophy of butter-making. It
is the wisdom in fact-for this Is the OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
meaning of the word philosophy-of For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
churning. It saves labor, and it leaves away has so successfully treated
the butter in the best condition for chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
gathering and washing it free from the ed to-day to stand at the head of his
buttermilk which otherwise would profession in this line.. His exclusive
quickly cause decomposition of it, and method of treatment for Varicocele
this would produce the strong, disa- knd stricture without the aid of knife
agreeable odor and flavor of rancidity in or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
it. Ali this s in lcliiFAl Il tiis 81li aUL8 IB fW IFRatment or lose of
ripening or perfecting, the cream for Vital forces, Nevous Disorders, Kid-
the churning. ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
And this condition is most easily pro- sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
duced in this way: We take the cream tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
when it is still sweet, and mix in it by he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
stirring gently, for each gallon of it, away's practice is more than double
a teacupful qf the buttermilk of the that of any other specialist Cases
previous churning, just as the baker pronounced hopeless by other physi-
mixes some of the last-made dough in clans, rapidly yield to his treatment.
the bread sponge, as a starter--as we Write him to-day fully about your case.
may say-of fermentation in the cream He makes no charge for consultation
by which the needed ripeness r fit- or advice, either at his office or by
ness is produced. And just as the bak- mail. J. Newton atb*wavy, M. D. 25
er sets the sponge in a warm- pce to Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.
rise, so the cream is set in a warm
place to ripen for a space of twelve Progres of Gardening in the South.
hours. The right time is easily known In our mild, semi-tropical climate,
by the shining, satiny appearance of where plants, which up North require
the cream when it is stirred in the jar. shelter and protection for four or five
Of course all this Is to be done with months out of the twelve, thrive out
the same care with which the good of doors without protection, and where
housekeeper manages her bread sponge, truckers are able to supply our table
and when on starring the cream it is even in mid-winter with fresh legumes
seen to be thick, and shines and glis- from their farms ana gardens, garden-
tens in the light has a pleasant, mild ing seems to be comparatively easy.
sourness, then the cream is ready to And so- t has been as long as it was
be churned. Then it may be churned carried on in rather a primitive state
in the shortest time, just as the ripened and we had only our home market to
bread sponge is, and as this is too, so supply.
the butter is produced in the same time Years ago, we had but few nursery-
niwna- ovry day in the year. In fact. men. They carried on their business
both these operations are suojeet to on a sdmal eihi, -iS g i l pOasa,
the same rules, and if the same care Then greenhouses were, with some, un-
is taken with the cream as is taken necessary and to others they were not
wu:l tile tirgal. thCr will a8laySl hr haswt alf and hotbeds could only
the same certainty in the making of be found with one or per baps two or
the butter, and so, too, as this work is our best informed truck farmers, who
skilfully done with the bread, it must raised only for the home market.
mIN C HESTER
W" NEW RIVAL "
FACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SHELLS
No bha k perw sM l m the m usat cmpw wtth the NEW RIVAL" In .--
(srmity amdn inK uesg qaqinUm. Amr. d s oei P GWotpr Wat 00
wUIEsraw wMi. .- . lh=&, EMo
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 4W
Since that time gardening has ad-
vanced in all its branches. The intro-
duction of new variotles of plants by
some of our wideawake nurserymen,
the coming together of the nursery-
men and florists into a horticultural
society, and the -annual floral exhibits
creating a sdrt of rivalry among them,
all these things awakened the interest
of the public, and especially of our
flower-loving ladies. It became fash-
lonable to have a conservatory, and
niimny greenhouses were built in pri-
vate gardens of our city and neat
many it (tlltr"y nOmo. TIol domanul
for good and well grown plants in-
creaqeld and n business that once sup-
ported but a few. became at once lu-
crative. not only supporting a good
mtiniy. but enabling them to become
well-to-do, if not independent.
Not only floriculture, but truck fnrm-
ing has made great progress. With
the increase of shipping facilities to
Northern and Western markets, our
truckers found an opening for their
produce. Especially was this so for
early varieties. As our climate is such
that almost without the aid of any
olter artificial heat than that created
by the fermentation of horse manure,
we can raise early vegetables and
bring them to the market ahead of
any other part of the union with less
oxponsP o Our open winters fnoquntlv
allow us to ship from out of doors al-
most the entire winter, and large
quantities of lettuce, beets, carrots,
etc.. find their way to Northern and
Western markets, netting fair prices.
and were it not for the exorbitant
transportation charges, would leave a
fair profit in the hands of the pro-
i7iti uur trucker it is as with our
florists, a business that years ago ,sp-
ported but a few, but now supports
thousands, and although it m-iy not
ltay as handsomely as the florists' bus
iness, it enables them to make a living,
and, if the worker is wide-awake, to
lay a shilling aside for a rainy day.
Gardening has certainly made a good
deil of progress in our Southern
States, especially in the last twenty-
five years. The old and slow methods
ha br Trn Alnm away with enIr auro
have been adopted, improvements have
been made wherever practicable, new
varieties have been introduced in the
vegetable line by some of our seeds-
men, while the nurserymen and flor-
ists introduced all that was worth cul-
tivating, thereby showing that they
are not behind their Northern breth-
ren in energy and thoughtfulness.
Gardening has progressed so far, and
will progress year by year. We have
not reached the limit yet, and there
is no telling at what perfection we will
arrive if we continue to progress with
the same strides as "we have for the
last ten years.-Joe Steckler, New Or-
leans, La., in the Southern Farm Ga-
Crab rass for Hay.
One of the most conspicuous errors
of Southern agriculture is the practice
of pulling corn leaves for fodder, and
neglecting the crab grass spontaneous-
ly after the corn is "laid by." The
leaves are ad expensive feed when the
error of pulling Is considered, and the
jWeight harvested per acre Is much be-
low that of hay, which might be se-
cured if properly managed. The pul-
ling of the corn leaves, it has been
demonstrated by several Southern ex-
periment stations, damages the grain
in the ear fully as much am the fodder
is worth, if not more. True, it Is not
so easy to cut crab gras among the
standing corn stalks as it is to pull
leaves, but with the land left free of
ridges under the system of fiat culture
a mowing machine may be driven
through, cutting corn stalks and all.
But the best plan for securing hay is
to harrow the land smooth after the
spring vegetable crop is harvested (this
might also be done on corn land) allow
it to grow up in crab grass and harvest
it once or twice. Everywhere you will
find this crab grass. A general yield
4s one ton per acre, but with fertilizers
it is doubled, trebled. This spring I
had a field in strawberries, but could
not renew it for want of labor; the
leaf stem stood about four inches high,
with the leaves small, I plowed be-
tween the rows and selected a threat-
ening day for rain, and under and over
the leaves I applied by hand, 1,000
pounds cottonseed meal and 250 pounds
sulphate of potash per acre. It gained
before we got through, but we finished
the sowing in the rain. Result, we
had an extra fine crop of fruit.
In July I cut from this place crab
grass, two tons of dried hay to the acre,
and the latter part of September one
and a naif tons to tihe aor, We nu.n
ished gathering our egg plants August
10th, the first we gathered June 9th.
Egg plants being gross feeders. I ap-
plied to these 1,500 pounds cottonseed
meal, and 250 pounds dissolved bone,
also 250 pounds sulphate of potash, this
fertilizer being applied at several dif-
ferent times. From this land, with the
trampling, pulling up of the dead
plants, etc., I cut three and a half tons
of hay to the acre. Fertilizers did it,
Had a large lot of different varieties
of pepper plants, fertilized same as
egg-plants, but had to keep them clear
by cultivator and hoe. Not one spear
of crab grass came to hay, but I had
the same amount of Mexican clover,
showing that it must not be disturbed
from its first growth. A field cured
without rain makes a fine bright. clean,
green hay when Daled, Dut Ir it gets
one shower of rain it is blackened. If
over sweated in tramp cock or mow, it
will blacken. The itin does not lessen
its feeding qualities, as cattle and
horses eat it just as well as when per-
fectly green, but when In this state it
spoils its market value, more or less,
according to the color. When put in
ten onu iota, it wllii ?rmnt" more- or
less, even when perfectly dry, but
when sweated in tramp cocks, the best
plan is to bale it at once.-G. J. P., in
Clay for Salt Sick.
A great deal has been said and writ-
ten about this mysterious disease, and
nothing definite seems to have been ar-
rived at yet in the shape of a cure. I
give my experience for what it is
worth, n t presuming to gntMraiize
from it a universal rule, a panacea; but
I would ask my brother farmers if they
have a salt sick animal to test my pre-
scription and see what value there Is in
I had a heifer about a year old go-
ing the way of all the others that I
have seen afflicted with this ailment-
appetite nearly gone, gnawing pine
rails, eating slivers off the fence. I
took one-third of a bucket of clay,
filled the bucket with water, stirred up
well, let it settle for a moment or so,
then added a little salt. The next day
I repeated the process with the same
clay. The third day she appeared free
from disease, though emaciated, and
she ate as much hay as shse bad eaten
in a week before.
In about a week I repeated the treat-
ment, and now, about six weeks since
the remedy was first given, the heifer
-appears perfectly well.
I have known one other case treated
with clay since that, and the same
beneficial results followed.
In the North I have seen cattle
which had been a long time cut off
from access to the ground by a deep
snow, lick clay freely when the first
thaw enabled them to reach it; and
with much apparent benefit to their
systems. May it not be that, on our
sandy ridges, where salt sick generally
occurs, it is the lack of some mineral
element which makes the cattle pine
and die?-A. J. W., In T.-U. & C.
Blackleg in Cattle.
Blackleg in cattle also goes under the
names of symptomatic anthrax and
black quarter. The disease was for
many years confounded with anthrax,
and it was only found after careful re-
search that it differed in a great many
ways from that disease. Especially in
its contagious nature is the distinction
marked, for of animals other than cat-
tle only sheep and goats are suscepti-
ble and these slightly. The symptoms
of the disease are familiar to all stock-
THE REMARKABLE CURE
Of Cases of Bright's Disease After
They Had Been Given Up to Die.
Mr.J. Brake of Petroles, Ontario, Can-
ada, writes: "Four years ago I had a
severe attack of Bright's Disease,which
brought me so low the doctor said noth-
BoB J; B_?,
Ing more could be done for me. When
one of your lectures on the above disease
was read to me I began to take Pe-ru-na
and Man-a-lin, and found it acted just as
represented. In three months I was a
well man, and have continued so ever
Mr. J. N. Howard of Marble. Ark.
a ya *nIt B tbmO nRonrly two miothi
since I wrote you giving a description
of my case. I began taking Pe-ru-na
and when I got your letter I followed
the directions. My doctor had no
hope of my getting well. My bowels
men. These are lameness in a front
or hind leg, accompanied by the devel-
opment of a tumor on that limb. This
tumor is filled with gas. and upon
pi'KeSSP 8 rsitS afMplla fflaung Wisad Is
produced. The meat which this tumor
effects is black, and the tumor Itself
contains a dark fluid.
Blackleg Is caused by the introduc-
tion into the system of a germ known
as the blackleg bacillus. The usual
manner of infection is through a
wound of the skin or mucous mem-
brane. The germs do not pass out
with the excretions, hence the disease
is not communicable from -nimal to
animal. But if a blackleg carcass be
skinned and the blood and juices be al-
lowed to enter the soil or if such a car-
cass be allowed to decompose without
being l)uired, the germs form spores,. or
"go to seed" and in this form may live
fI ms 9q1 fse miniy Suep, lmany t[a
begin life anew as soon as conditions
are favorable. Thus the pasture may
be a constant source of infection. To
prevent this the carcass must be
burned Immediately. or buried at least
six feet under the ground.
There have been many treatments
advocated for this disease. The most
common are rowelling andthe use of
setons. These are alike utterly worth-
Within the last five years there has
been introduced a vaccine prepared
from the dried meat of the muscles of
the tumor of an animal that has suc.
cumbed to the disease. This is the
only practical method at command at
present for combating the disease If the
animal is exposed to infection.-A. T.
Peters, Nebraska Experiment Station.
Visit to a Belgian Bare Farm.
The place in which Mr. Nichols took
me to see his hares is a large barn, in
which the hares occupy two floors.
The rooms are large, well lighted and
well ventilated. The entire space Is
divided off by frame-work, bottom
boards and wire netting (one and one-
half inch mesh) into pens about three
feet wide and five or six feet long, the
rows or pens being separated by alleys.
The use of wire netting makes every-
thing open and airy. The animals
were so bloated that I could not restday
or night if I ate anything at all. I
thought my case was hopeless. But
words cannot express my praise for
your medicines. My friends were won-
derfully surprised when they saw me
improving. But I have not suffered
a day since I began taking your
medicines; I eat anything I wish and
ha s a gaood ppetite I wa suffering
from dropsy so bad that I could not get
my clothes on and my feet* were all
Mrs. Mary A. Shear, Jennings, La.
says: "I am recommending your medi-
cines to every one I hear complain. My
disease was Bright's disease of the kid-
neys. I am quite well now."
The kidneys are subject to catarrh the
same as any other organ. The catarrh
may be slight, giving rise to little or no
disturbance, or severe, producing a
genuine case of Bright's disease of the
kidneys. The symptoms of catarrh of
the kidneys are weak back, dull pains
in back and hips, sometimes high-
colored and sometimes clear urination.
Catarrh of the kidneys quickly leads
to chronic Bright's disease. Pe-rn-na
anouli De taKen at tne appearnaee of
the first symptom. If taken in the
early stages of the disease Pe-ru-na is
sure to cure every case. Pe-rn-na cures
catarrh of the kidneys simply because
it cures catarrh wherever located. No
other systemic catarrh remedy has as
yet been devised. Insist upon having
Pe-rn-na. There are no medicinet that
OaB 4 eM BRtitUtid. Th6ei is ho other
remedy that can be relied on to cure ca-
tarrh of the kidneys. Pe-ru-na cures ca-
tarrh of any organ of the human body.
Send for free catarrh book. Address The
Pe-ru-na Drug 1M'fg Co., Columbus, O.
need no particular protection from cold,
only from rains, snow, dampness and
filth. Every grown animal has a pen
of its own. The breeding does are
glvfn 4< Agg Jl wh1lh1 LMVy a e1as
their nest The board floor of the pen
is covered with cut straw or other lit-
ter, and this Is frequently renewed,
say once or twice'a week. In every
pen I noticed a dish containing oats, a
vessel with some drinking water, a lit-
tle clover hay and a small cake of cat-
tle salt. It is quite a sight to see these
long stretches of pens and the hun-
dreds, perhaps up to a thousand, of
hares. Mr. Nichols is first of all a fan-
cier, and he talks as easily of paying
and taking $25 or $50 fat a fine hare ns
one would of paying $50 for a cow. He
sees points of superiority in such an
animal that I, not being a fancier, do
not find unless they are pointed out to
ml, ami cron tlen I ma not aLprwsc
ate them very much. In fact, at first
sight I thought I hal about as good
animals at home as his high grade and
high priced ones. Some of these hares
weigh nearly nine pounds apiece; that
is about their maximum weight. Very
few Belgian hares that I have had or
seen anywhere grow much above seven
pounds in weight, no matter what the
people who advertise them for sale
During the past year I have made the
experiment of keeping the hares en-
tirely on weeds and garden refuse. 1
soon discovered, however, that this
will not do. I lost most of the young
stock before they were two or three
months old, and finally the old ones
stopped breeding altogether. They
need water, and will drink quite a
good deal of it; but watery food, such
as very succulent vegetables and even
roots, must be fed with discretion.
Plantains and dandelions, in fact, most
of our aromatic or bitter herbs, are all
right, but grasses and clovers should
be allowed to wilt or dry somewhat be-
fore being given to the hares. Cab-
bage must be given sparingly. Oats
are a safe food, and corn on the ear
may be given as a change. Pepper-
mint, spearmint, catnip, etc., come
handy as a tonic, and may be fed al-
most Indiscriminately, the animals be-
CATARRH OF THE KIDNEYS.
404 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
ing fond of them. Carrots are proba- der in two hours, or a little of the Avocado Pear.--rroneously called
bly the best among the root crops, and fruit cooked with tough beef steak alligator pear. This is a large, tropt-
I give a small portion to the hare will make it so tender that it will al- cal tree, and will bear fruit in from
daily daring the fan and winter. Some most fall to pieces when taken out of four to six years, about as large as a -
peach tree or cottonwood limbs or the vessel. 'A very valuable product cocoanut. It hbaa a large seed, and is
bark may also be given as a tonic. Salt for South Florida, and a perpetual a delicious and valuable food fruit, but
must either be given twice a week or bearer, with strangers it generally requires a
so, or better be kept before the hares Banana.-There are several varieties cultivated taste. It does not bear ship-
all the time. I procured some of the grown. The Cavendish is a dwarf and ping much, but generally sells here at
cattle salt, which comes in large the most important, growing six to from five to fifteen cents each. An old Do~t the top 0tyour
lhunks, and kep a uie I_-L little box eight feet high, and ripens fruit in tree will often yield an Income of fifty \id a .el
In each pen for the hares to help them. 61ghteen month from plAtiing, and dollars a year. This fruit slas in ua mo* ,1"
selves to as they may de e. will continue to bear for from ten to fancy fruit stores in New York for 25 es la uu ami va -a
The proper time to kill a hare for ta twelve years before replanting. It is cents each, but the demand is limited. reine alfWs s
ble nse ti when the animal is about at home anywhere in Lee County, but West India Yam. (Dioscorea alata.) as no tte or or.
three months old. It wi then weigh, poor land must be well fertilized first; -This is a tropical plant with a twin- Is a tit and aeid
dtresed onth od two andw nelhal o nds after that the falling leaves and stocks ing, vine-like stem and tubers that -e inad aypplth
dressed, really deidonsmealf Ofun will keep the land rich. It is easier weigh from one to thirty pounds. The 1 about the house
and nkes a a cultivated than most other crops, and flesh is white, full of starch and is rs Qetons wlitL
course, there ame various ways of cook an acre will produce from $600 to used like the Irish potato, and by some Na sn<
ing hares to make them palatable. $1,000 worth of fruit a year. Its value preferred for table use. Hang up a Mle byl STAMB SIL C
will l tes thAt uostion to the skill of ai aL food in woll known, and if a man tuber and cut off from the lower end. -
the cook. To see an expert Kill ana is lay enough he can plant an acre, as needed, and a starchy water runs .
dress hares I saw it done at Mr. and lie down in the shade and live on out and drys, keeping out the air, and "
Nichols' establishment looks easy. It the fruit. A perpetual bearer, it will keep good for a month. It is
takes only a minute or two to get one Pineapple.-This fruit is greatly valuable food for fowls and all kinds
of the victims ready for the kettle. A sought for, and has a wide reputation of stock, and the vines can be used for
short, sharp tap over the head with a all over the United States. It is a de- feed like hay or grass. One thousand TRUSSES, 6Si. 61.25 AID UP
little club lays the animal out. The Kclous fruit and contains valuable or more bushels can be grown on an
blood vessels in the neck are then medicinal properties, fop the cure of acre, and it needs no cultivation, and =' ,
opened with a sharp pen knife, letting diptheria, sore throat, dyspepsia, etc. will some day support large starch
the blood run freely. Then the skin It is enough to say, that South Florida factories in Florida. This is unlike
is quickly removed by tearing it apart produces larger and better pines than some varieties of sweet potatoes, 100 4 h at Im
from an opening across the back. is any other country. It is an easy mat- known as yams. of ma "Ma t oMasaho
squirrels are usually skinned; head ter to raise $1,000 worth on an acre in Sour Sop.-Sometimes called ice iaf IVt 4110
and tall go with the hide. The carcass two years. Poor pine land, fertilized, cream fruit, which the pulp resembles, Y.,ta me ,nm- a
is next suspended by the two hind legs 1i the best soil for them. Pineries are is prepared and sold for Ice cream In -m- ow sma s- tota m sa "" anw
from two separate loops, which keep being planted all over Lee County, and tropical countries. It is a large tree, Sa"SS s slsqmI *I; wwat
these egs well spread, and the clean- 10,000 acres will soon be profitably cul- perpetual bearer, and the fruit is the ggjali m as
ing is done in a hurry. Mr. Nichols tivated here. A novice can successful- size of a quart cup. I have paid forty s Swm'r lasS r 'a"e 0h y
has a fancy way of dressing and put- ly raise them after thirty minutes in- cents apiece for them in Cuba. They S S ,Ufa sss m =,0&SSi
ting the carcass into the bands of his struction. are not much cultivated here yet but will return our monea. W oe
ousomeran and t^h? r y a unniform The Cocoanut.-Forms a tree with a ought to receive more attention. il F OI*41n ET ..7M r
price of s cents apiece. Th is 1 what 11ig IM LWIn without liImo, IKo otflue Keannw r utLA tropical: raild Wl, ME C1 =z?.
he calls his "meat stock,' animals that palm trees, It will fruit in from six to growing tree, and will fruit in three ads.- SEABiA 1 IO nU aRO8uo..o
registered r i so that do not ten years from planting, and is ex- years from the seed. The fruit is the
re not registered, Some people have pected to ripen a nut every day. It is size of an apple, full of cool refresh- 0 YffAM
show fancy points. S the meat of a valuable food tree, and people have ing juice and is used in the South in- KPRINCK
Yet a prejudice anst the meat of been known to live ten years, in full stead of lemonade. The seed produce
tame rbit I usedl to have it, but vigor, without a day of sickness, on the Japan varnish of commerce.
believe the prejdie will wear away, cocoanuts alone. Every family here Otaheita Gooseberry.-rhis is a rapid
as it did with me. The meat is really should raise them. growing tree from the Society Islands, I
excellent. Sapodllna.-This is a beautiful, tropi- and produces a fruit the size of the
Much has been said about the fecun- cal tree, with fruit the size, appearance Northern gooseberry, but with stronger
dity of these animals, but hardly too and favor of a good pear, and 1s rl, a el. One tree will often turn off MTse.
much. The average number in a litter most a perpetual bearer. It ripens bushels of fruit. It is of little value D m
is probably from six to eight. Fre- fruit In from seven to nine years from here and is raised mostly for ornament. Cop O HT 4,.
quently, however, there are ten, the seed. Kelsey Plum.-The skin is smooth, s f
twelve and even more of the little Tamartnd.-This is a large, tropical otherwise it is In else and appearance t Ba22 B o4tnia
things. It is unfortunate for some, if tree, and will fruit in from six to eight like a medium peach, which it rivals stsmi.
not all, of them if there are that many. years. It bears a bean-shaped fruit, in flavor. The seed s Ilike a peach, .
The old doe cannot properly nurse with the seed and pulp covered with a but much less in size. This fruit is
more than eight, although they do oe- loose shell, which Is easily detached, easily cultivated, and at home all over U l
casaonally bring up more. Six are bet- It has a sweetish, pleasant acid, and Florida. A n sr. 1 l
ter than ten or twelve, and It Is al- mixed with water and sugar, forms a Japan persimmons and plums, grapes
ways advisable to destroy all above delicious. febrifuge drink, superior to and peaches can be successfully grown MWilNK Arn |1aM
eight. How often to breed them is an. lemonade for the sick. The pulp all over the State, apt are only wait- EM as "e
other question. The period of gesta- packed in sugar forms a conserve, and ing for the horticulturist to bring out
tion is thirty days. I used to let the is sold in the market as tamarinds. It a mine of wealth.
young get three or four weeks old be- could be profitably cultivated here. Cassava-(Manihot.)-This Is a val-
fore mating the old doe again but Mr. Mango.-This is a large, spreading unable food plant and a common article IU M PAINS WI I
Nichols tells nie that he only wals a tr oical tire, and its branchca will o' rood In the West Indies and Suth P n ill
day or less, perhaps only eight or ten sometimes reach out thirty feet in all America. Tapioca is made from this P ai K miller
hours after the young are born, before directions. It is a rapid grower and plant, also cassava meal and bread. It
he mates the doe again. He considers will fruit in from four to six years, is as mealy as the Irish potato when a NiI t i ra
this by far the safest way. It gives a and will bear two crops of fruit a year. boiled. The roots are grated and made IMPLIE SAFE AND QUICK CURE FOR
Utter every month in the year, and if It is a sub-acid delicious fruit, the size into custards and puddings. Tapioca Cramps, Diarrhoea, Colds,
the average throw is six, and they all of a large apple, worth a single seed. starch and Brazilian arrow root are al-
do well, there would be an increase of The fruit is sometimes a little elon- so made from it, and some starch fac- Coughs, Neuralgia,
seventy or more from one doe in the gated and slightly flattened. There are tries in Florida are using cassava .In Rheumatism.
course of a year. Such an Increase many varieties and highly relished by stead of Irish potatoes. It grows with U nJ as5 cot Mube
may actually and frequently happen.a, a, and should be around every hornme a woody stem and branching top from BEWARE OF IMITATIONS.
t will not happen, however, unless the here for ornament and profit six to ten feet high, and the roots are BUY ONLY THE GENU'NE.
hres are handled right and all the Guava.-This is a valuable tropical tubers from one to sixty pounds in PmLRY DAVIS'
conditions e favorable arm and t fruit, growing on a shrub or small weight and from one to five feet long.
tree, from eight to thirty feet high. The roots are excellent to fatten hogs -- .
Fireside. The fruit is sub-acid and very fragrant, or as food for cattle, horses, poultry,
and externally is of the appearance of etc. Stock eagerly browse off the sW D MOREY
Tropical .i ts of Lee County. a lemon or pear. There are many va- leaves and tender part of the tops. It cr A
In the special illustrated edition of rtetles, and the flesh is white, red or is a valuable product for the South, t m ~ a. S ur
:he Fort Myers Press, Dr. L. C. Wash- salmon-colored, from the size of a wal- and, like the West India yam. is easily *ta0 o
burn give the following DLriptive list nut to that of a large apple. They arc raised on poor, sandy soil. Florida a.bs- -sa wm
of the tropical fruits grown in Lee highly nutritious and used like apple never was known to beg bread. f L m,
County: and peaches, and take the place of Ik, s
Pawpaw.-This is a tropical fruit, both. The jelly and marmalade from Farmers provide yourself with Pain- MM tt
indigenous to South America and other them have a world-wide reputation. Killer at this season of the year, when amt yelr YaO s
tloplcal countries; grows from six to They grow by easy cultivation and colic, choleromorbus, dysentery, diar- Wk i i *t
twenty feet high like a strong, woody even wild in South Florida. There is rheoa, &c., may disable your hands-use m ftory, .s
weed, and will ripen fruit in a year only one canning factory here and itit in every case of the kind, but be sure a
from seed. There are many va- cannot supply the great demand for that you trust to no other remedy but j i ,j
rietes, some as large as a small musk- the product. There is a great future the old long-tried Perry Davis Pain- ,wir
melon, which they resemble in appear- In store for those who will engage in Killer which never failed. Avoid sub- b
ance and flavor. It is often called it statutes, there is but one Pain-Killer,
bread truit, but does not need cooking. Cattley Guava.-Two varieties, the Perry Davis'. Price 2We and 50c. press
It contains vegetable pepsin, Is highly red and yellow, from The size ofa a u
nutritious, easily digested and a most plum to that of a small peach, growing "One of our exchanges under the s
valuable food for old people or invalids. I on a small shrub. A delicious sub-acid heading of "The Belgian Hare Busi- *r 3Pr ,' v,
I have cured the worst forms of dys- fruit, very much- like the strawberry, ness." speaks of the number of rab- 'graSnL m v
pepila with It It less than a month, and the finest of fruit for table use, bit skins and carcasses slipped from M b o.s*fotm Z
eaten out of the hand or cooked Into canning, jelly, or marmalade. All Australia to Europe. This is what SSm, S SsBmsm w1 a M ,a _isf
sauce. The leaves wrapped around guavas will come into bearing in about might be called devaricating from the S L
beef steak or chicken make them ten- three years from the seed. text. SU
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 4o
fiarm KathLda in China.
In America .rriation is in Its ifan-
cy. In China It Is In its dotage. Prob-
ably the majority of the people of the
United States never saw an Irrigated
field larger than a domestic garden.
in China every part of the country
that can be watered by the crude
methods available is artificially sup-
plied with water. So thoroughly is the
value of irrigatlo for agriculture un-
derstood by the CEinese that land is
multiplied in value by from two to five
by the simple fact that It can be irri-
gated when so desired. Probably one
reason why the Mongolians appreciate
the value of Irrigated lands is the fact
that their chief cereal is rice, and rice,
or "paddy," fields, as they are common-
13 called, must be covered with from
one to three inches of water from plant-
ing time until harvest. Evaporations
nl these semi-tropical countries is very
rapid, and the water must be supplied
regularly and t( large quantities. But
*all the crops are more or less irrigated
wherever possible. Wheat Is sown in
rows, and an irrigated ditch six inches
deep runs the length of the field every
three or four feet Sweet potatoes,
beans, peanuts, sugarcane, tobacco, and
that arch destroyer of the Chinese na-
tion, the poppy, are all cultivated in
the same way.
In irrigation, as -in everything else,
the Chinese seem to have early learned
its value and developed it practically
to a certain degree of efciency and
then stopped. They have made no
improvements in this line for a
thousand years Just as they have
stood still in every other art of civili-
sation. Wherever possible, water run-
ning down hill is utilized and spread
out upon the fields. The hillsides, and
even the mountains, are terraced, and
-the little streams running down their
sides are utilized from their very
source. The terracing of all sloping
ground is one of the features of Chi-
nese agriculture that strikes the travel-
er as most curious. Every field is lev-
el, no matter how steep the slope. This
Is necessary, in order to hold the water
and even where the ground Is not Ir-
rigated the fields are all made level if
not so naturally. This is one of the
many evidences of the skill of the Chi-
nese farmer. Every field looks like a
After getting down into the valley the
stream is larger and it utilized upon
a correspondingly larger scale. A crude
dam is thrown across it, and a portion
of the water is diverted into a ditch
from one to four feet wide and half
as deep, and the fields below upon
that side of the stream are Irrigated
from It. A little distance below
another partial dam will divert water
into a similar ditch upon the opposite
side. The water thus diverted to the
fields runs over them and off into the
stream again, except what is lost by
evaporation and absorption. This pro-
cess Is continued as long as possible,
but finally the stream becomes lower
than the banks, and artificial methods
of lifting the water must be resorted
The treadmill pump is the most gen-
erally used machine, and a very
efficient one it is, though it cannot be
classed among the labor-saving ma-
chines of the world. It Is an endless
chain of wooden links, each having a
four-cornered disk in the middle that
fits close to the sides of the long box-
. like pump, which Is from eight to six-
teen feet long and six to ten inches
wide. The pump has a 'bottom board,
no lid. It is placid in a stream, canal
or pond, leaning upon the bank at an
agle of about forty-five degrees. It is
worked by foot-power, from one to four
men or women standing at the top on
the windlass, leaning upon a horsiontal
bar, and stepping from one round
spoke to the other. Water is raised
rapidly and in large quantities by this
process, but It can only be lifted from
six too ten feet at a time. It is not un-
common to see two working, lifting
the same water in sections. This re-
quires at least eight persons, and the
expense would seem prohibitive in any
country except China. A net-work of
canals spreads over the level plains of
China everywhere, and in south China,
at least, this treadmill pump is used al-
most exclusively to lift the water
from them to the fields along the low
bank. But these are the favored
regions where the land brings the high-
est prices, and the water is considered
to be easily obtained and abundant.
For short lifts of from two to five feet
by two persons with ropes.
Small pools for catching rainwater are
dug in the regions away from the
streams and canals. But these are
seldom more than a fourth of an acre
In size, and oftener less than more. In
many places It would be easy to throw
a dam across the narrow pass of a
mountain stream and make a lake that
would furnish abundant water for
large tracts of land in the valley below
without labor and with certainty of
supply. But the Chinese Government
does not consider such things as part
of its business. The magistrates have
very short terms in a place, and their
thought is to 'make hay while the sun
shines"-get rich as quickly as possi-
ble before another one is appointed.
As to the people organizing companies
to carry out such works, they are too
suspicious of each other, and know
each other too well to unite to build
irrigation plants upon a large scale.
However, they do unite upon a com-
paratively small scale. The water
rights are carefully state in the deeds
of land, and they take their turn in us-
ing water from small supplies like
wells and ditches. This Is especially
true in times of drouths. However,
when the supply becomes Insufficient
for all, It is very frequently monopo-
lized by the most powerful family,
clan or village and the weaker are
driven off. This is a fruitful source
or village fights, often ending in blood-
The old-fashioned wel sweep is used
where there are no streams and where
water can be reached at twenty feet
or less. Three persons drawing water
from a well for irrigation, one bucket-
ful at a time, is a sad sight to the
foreigner. But to the Chinaman it is
only sad when he cannot get the water
even by this amount of labor. These
shallow wells soon go dry in a drouth
then the people often sleep beside the
well, arsing every two or three hours
to draw the water that has accumu-
lated. 'Why not dig deeper? The
sweep will not work well over twenty
ftet, and the Chinese know nothing
about suction pumps. Nor do they
know how to sink a well into the sand.
When a bed of sand is reached they
stop. Even so simple a thing as a
wooden casing they have not thought
I have priced farm lands 300 yards
apart. One price at., 20 an acre,
the other at $200, the only essential
difference being that the first was, say
thirty-five feet to the water, and the
second fifteen or twenty feet. That
additional lift of fifteen feet made the
difference In price. Some time Ameri-
can windmill pumps will change all
that, and It may not be very long in
the future, either. But when every
other method fails these patient toilers
will carry water all day long and a
good part of te- night half a mile or
more, if necessary, to save a part of
their precious crop. It means starva-
tion if it is lost.-Farm and Fireside.
The surest way to secure fine
bunches of perfect fruit is to sack
each cluster when the grapes are no
larger than small shot. For this work
the grocer's ordinary paper bags, of
the two or three-pound size, are used,
and afford very complete protection
from attacks of fungi, insects and
birds. The bag should be put on as
soon as possible after the fruit is set
and the work can be done very rapid-
ly. The bags should have a small
piece cut off from one of the lower
corners, so that they will not hold wa-
ter after heavy rains, and they should
not be larger than are needed, or many
will be torn off by wind. In putting
them on, the mouth of the sack is
opened by grasping it by the longer
edge and giving it a quick jerk; it is
then slipped over the bunch of fruit,
mouth Is doubled and folded around
the stem and fastened nl place with a
pin. The cost of the work, including
bags, pins. and labor, does not exceed
one-half per cent. per pound for the
fruit, and so it is often very profitable
especially where there is a demand for
fancy fruit at something .above the
usual market price. Sacking in this
way gives complete protection from
rot and mildew, and so Insures per-
fect bunches. It prevents attacks from
wasps and other insects, and preserves
the bloom on the fruit so as to make
the bunches much more attractive in
appearance than when they are ex-
posed to beating winds. The more
tender and thin-skinned the fruit the
greater will be the benefit secured by
Packing and Gathering.-For home
use or for making wine, grapes should
not be picked until they are fully ripe.
Many varieties become highly colored
some days, or even weeks, before they
are fully matured; but they are not
really ripe and in the best condition
for use until the stem of the bunch be-
gins to shrivel or soften so that It can
be easily bent. Even for market, the
fruit should not be gathered until very
nearly matured, as it ripens but little
after being removed from the vine.
The unripe fruit may soften admewhat
on its way to market, but does not
become sweeter or better flavored and
will retain the excess of acid which
disappears when the grapes are rip-
ened on the vines.
Gathering grapes for market should
be done only in fair weather when the
vines and fruit are not wet with either
dew or rain. The stems should be cut
with a knife or scissors, and' the
bunches should be laid in shallow
wooden trays or baskets for carrying
to the packing shed. Baskets holding
5, 8 or 10 pounds, with covers fast-
ened on by wire hooks, are the best
packages in which to ship, as they are
inexpensive, easily handled in trans-
portation and convenient and tempting
to purchasers. The fruit should be al-
lowed to lie a few hours so that the
stems will become slightly wilted', and
all diseased, unripe, or bruised berries
should be removed before packing be-
gins. The bunches should be placed
in the baskets with the stems down-
ward, and packed snugly, the smaller
bunches being usea to fill the spaces
between the larger ones. The top of
the fruit should be about half an inch
above the top of the basket, and
should be even and level. The baskets
should be so full that some pressure
will be needed to bring the cover down
Into place, though the pressure should
not be so great as to crush the grapes
or break them from the stems. A
basket which is not packed closely will
never carry the fruit in good condi-
tion; and, as the fruit is sold by
weight, close packing is economical.
The name of the variety, as well as
the name and address of the grower
should be stenciled on the tops of the
covers before they are put in place.
Mixed or inferior fruit will seldom
pay for shipping, and will never add
to the good reputation of the grower.
(Nearly all our grapes ripen in July
or August, while the weather is still
warm, and it is difficult to keep them
any great length of time without plac-
ing them in cold storage, which is ex-
pensive. They can be kept a short
time by wrapping each bunch in pa-
per and putting them in a cool place.
Still better results will be secured by
placing a layer of cotton batting in the
bottom of a box, then a layer of fruit
covered by another layer of batting.
Not more than two layers of fruit
should be placed in a box, and the up-
per layer should have a thick cover-
ing of cotton. Neither of these meth-
ods will be found profitable for mar-
ket purposes, but will often be desir-
able when a little fruit is to be kept
for special purpose. There is consid-
erable difference in the keeping quali-
ties of different varieties, and, in gen-
eral, the late ripening sorts will keep
longer after gathering than will those
which ripen early in the season.-
Farmers' Bulletin, Grape Growing in
The International Publishing Corn
pany of Philadelphia and Chicago,
have just published a new and inter-
esting life of D. L. Moody. Also.
"War in Africa," and many other ele-
gant and useful books. The best terms
to agents. Apply to I. Morgan, Ki-
simnree. State agent for Florida.
THE GREATEST OF SPECIALISTS
OFFERS TO THE SUFFERING
HIS SERVICES AND
For mor than twenty-lve yer* Dr. J. New-
to Hathaway has made a specialty of Female
Diseases. During that time heas had among
his patients over ten thous-
and women, suffering rom al
those many different com-
piam peculiar to the sex, ad
a completely and perma-
nently cured more than s per
eet. of the cases he has
By his exclusive method,
which be has perfected during
the twenty-live years of his
mot extensive practice be Is enabled to cure all
of these different diseases, including painful,
profuesor suppressed menstruaton, prolapsus,
all ovarian trouble, tumors and ulceration-In
act, ever form of those dlseses which make a
burden of life to the grelt majority of women.
He ba so perfected this system of his that he
can treat these ease by mail, without any per-
sonal examination (to which every sensitive
woman natural objects) and without any oper-
ation, with Its coequent pain and necessary
His system of treatment is taken in the pri-
vacy of the home; the cure is paless and Ittt
ONB LOW PB.
Write him a letter stating briedy your coadl-
ti and he wll send you a blank to be flled out.
He will give your cae his personal attention and
care and make his fee so moderate includingg an
medicines neessary) that you wil not feel te
burden of the payment, and be will guarantee
you a positive re. Address,
d. MsWTOn HATHAWAV, M. D.
I aloDr. Hthl way bOo,
MmrrnO Tas PAPZ3 RWaH WIWTGuo.
That wil kill
all the weeds
in your lawn.
If you keep
the weeds cut
so they do not
go to seed
and cut your
breaking the small feeders of roots
the grass will become thick and
weeds will disappear. Send for
THE CIMPER WILL DO IT
CLIPPER LAWN MOWER 00.
THE LATEST DESIGNS OF
MARBLE and GRANITE.
Iron P*noln - -
For cemetery and lawn enclosures.
All work guaranteed. Prices reasona-
20.0 R. NIOHOLS & CO.
00 Harrison Street,
TAMPA -. FIORIDA
WE STILL HAVE A FEW
Nice Satauma oranges on Trifollate
stocks, entirely unhurt by cold. Alme
peaches, plums, grapes, etc., including*
the famous James Grape. A few
thousand Trifollta seedlings yet un
sold. Prices low. Freight is paid
406 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
C bOS AND POIDUODTS. any of the fowls can cause it to beE D S E
--- filthy or roost upon it. It should never
Velvet Behns.-Much has been said be so high as to compel effort to reach
S&I f aM-9 S i YO Sa RI 11- ),&JWC )e-suss A R l) mcf1 a M
says the Mayo Press, and experiments lay on the ground rather than to
have been made in other sections, the reach a high nest, even when a foot- Please note that I have transferred my s
success of which indicates that the vel- way is provided, to say nothing of the ville to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer s]
vet bean will soon be one of the lead- fact that some of the hens learn to fly
Ing crops in this State. Mr. E. L. Cot- over a fence by first learning to reach chasers of Seed Oats, Seed Potatoes, Velvet Be
trell, of Old Town, has twenty-nine a high nest Never have the nest in a
acres planted in these beans, and Iro- barrel, or so constructed that the hen
poses to test their value as feed for must jump down to it, as broken eggs I
Gwf eSfi Wf@ e ar-e W d lubt t1at 2m will bh tho oonstuenooe. but rather so I HAVE
will fnd them so profitable that ne will place the entrance as to permit her t
double the acreage next year. walk in upon the eggs. The nest o-8 POUNDM
should be placed in a dark position, or
Pineapples.-During the pat so arranged that te interior will b ROCKY FORD CANTA
two new pinerles were started here somewhat dark, Which will be a partial
one by Col. I. H. Trbue, the other by protection against egg eating. For a EADY FOR DELIVE
Mr Chrles I rtn There are over flock of one dozen hens, four nests will
Mr. Charles Morton. There are over be sufflcient.-American Gardening.
forty pineries in the vicinity of thebe uffcint.-American Gardening.
Town. It is hoped soon to have 200 Composition of Oleomargarine. Address all orders and Inquiries to
families engaged in this industry, sup- Complying with the resolution adopt- or and inquires to
fwtmsg in Ituelf a iimnlaion tf a ed bhr the lower branch of aarets r- P. F- WILSON
thousand people. Here they are plant- questing information concerning the
ing only the finest variety, the Smooth manufacture of oleomargarine, Secre-
Cayenne. They are now costing 12Y, tary Gage sent to the speaker a state- A T 17 T TA m T
cents a plant, while the Red Spanish menut showing the qualntites and kinds V1 J L I 1 I .lV EA
cost only a half-cent. The more ex- of ingredients used in that product in WnsWatWOOO 66066 o
pensive ones pay in the long run.- the United States for the fiscal year Fr
runnIt Gorda Cor T.-U. & C, .11ndod JTun 1, 19S). One of the table's Florida
---- rads as follows: NelV York
First Watermelons.--Ias .tcoby, rec- Neutral lard, 31,297,251 lbs., 34.27 per
ognized as the most enterprising and cent; oleo-oil, 24,491,760 lbs., 26.82 per Phila-
up-to-date grocer in the city, has re- cent; cottonseed oil, 4.356,7.A4 lbs., 4.77
ceived a carload of fine watermelons, per cent; sesame, 48,31 lb., .53 per delphia &
ineg ant low priced he m sn are cent; glycerin, 8963 lbs., .01 per cent; From Brunswick direct to
fresh, having been pulled from the vine stearin, 5890 lbs., .007 per cent; glucose New York
Mor. Jaoby exerted e twadinery el- bs., 15.55 per cent; salt, 6,773,670 lbs., NORTH BOUND-BRUNS IC, GA.. DIR ECT TO NEW
forts to get the first fine watermelons 7.42 per cent; butter-oil, 4,342.-W4 Ibs., RIDAY S FOLLOWS:
coming to Pensacola, and an inspection 4.76 per cent; butter, 1,568,319 lbs., 1.72 RIO GRANDE ............. ...............
of thooe he received yestl day will oon- per cent; cream, 8,527,410 lbs., 3.8(; per S COMAR ...........................
vince any one that he has succeeded. cent; total, 91,322,260 lbs, 100 per cent. S. ........ ...... ............. ... ...
There Is not a man, woman or child in The Farm and Fireside says: "Over S. S. RIO GRANDE ........ ......... ...... .
Pensacola who doesn't know the ever one-third of the oleo product as shown For lowest rates, reservations and full information aI
jolly, yet hustling East Government by the Internal revenue figures is "neu-
street grocer, Las J'acoby.-Pensacola tral." Neutral is a harmless word, H. H. Raymond Agent, Fernandina, F. Bay
Press. meaning neither one thing nor another. C. H. Mallory & Co., General Agents, Pier 2 E. R., I
-In the oleo business it is an elastic
Early Pears.-Mr. H. W. Hancock term used to hide the real character of
has the credit of being first in the field, the stuff that Is the chief ingredient SEND NO M ONEY n''^ 'a
and made a shipment of pears on the of the product. Sometimes it is one we will .o
Sth inst. from Green Cove Springs. thing, sometimes another. i or practi- e AS DVL!ySoEiJmas, jsJWErlA te epot a
They are an early variety and will no cal purposes, however, 'neutral lard' foSunda if u a .Sr -el u cas
doubt bring n sattaraetory pilte.- "'Imy be defined as 'deviled' hEr creane I @T49-=S" i Ti N mOW
Groen Cove rings oy that is, any kind of cheap hog fat, no h.M slI SE m $15.0
matter how clean or unclean, whether oTnde Ira oltor mon i- a
Tomatoes Pay.-Tomatoes can be floln sound or diseased animals, put i As u 9X Tt THRa.
through a refining process and turned ml. 1 i a e*.", rsi Les,
into stuff r'e4senltlling (leodorized vase- at 1. so tar "Ritl
M. E. Fields has only a small patch line." tffend s t a- t.v any .46
and has already gotten $30 clear of ex- Commenting on the vigorous opposi- BEWARE OF IMITATIONS .ro I-
penses out of same and expects to get t'oll n t lo(tw to th11e !lpngw of til U-m es owdrin svam iandr vrios wihrl
at least $20 more.-Brooksville Star. solution which brought forth the in- RuuAum AND Ws O A m im
formation given above, Chicago Pro- THE BURDICK eIVn iom w m i
Florida Onlons.-A few years ago it duce says: mm swo MAm mrV E NT MAKER IN AM A
was said Florida could grow every- "The reasons for a desire to hide the TRES MA .
thing. Experience has shown that as character and quantity of ingredients NO m 0L33'Y S OUD OUAR
good on onion as was ever produced of oleomargarine are twofold: U r one i-must
can be procured from that State. For "First, the oleomargarine manufac- cn 'I l t ttoa
three seasons they have been coming turers have been misrepresentihg the .5F i i
here, and so far have commanded a facts to all producers of these ingre- toOallm fu to
premium.-From Boston Letter. dients. The cattle people are told that e* .=A ust io i wi
their product is principally used in par or,i, oeees adJ
Money in Eggs.-It is estimated that shape of beef fat; the hog people are j '"m l .SdiM
ten thousand dozen eggs were shipped led to believe that the majority of oleo- M
from this place last year, which were margarine is lard, while the cottonseed RIgSt-ININUo
worth about twelve hundred dollars to oil makers are advised that the most IT COSTS YOU NOTHING t
thV shllrS. Thi, !* a food showing for important ingredient of oleomargarin," -_ d the it aolrte
so small a place. There is money in is this vegetable oil. Hence eacn or gl %A "LLa l. 3Be'10l4 0-9&.140
eggs. and chickens. Who says there is Congress to oppose the passage of the Aduns SEARS, ROEBUCK & CC
not?-Welborn Cor. Suwannee Demo- Grout bill.
crat. "Second, it has been discovered that
oleomargarine is Itt the wholesome.
Wasrt or Iayers. nutritious and digestible article of food PA 1
tit it t is c01inlid rto lio. Tihn New Yorkl
Many claim that the nest should be authorities found from nine to eleven A 1111 i 0 1111 F l
on the ground, but all claims that hens per cent. of parattin ,:n an absolutely JUST THINK OF IT I
should have their nests on the moist indigestible petroleum product. The Only 3 or 5 cents a rod more for PAGE fences.
ground are but theories, and unsup- editor of Chicago Dairy Produce has PAGE WOVEN WIB N PCECO., ADRIAN, MICB.
ported by facts. What is required for a:scerrtined that a large quantity of
the hen in winter is a snug, warm lo- stearin is used in the cheaper goods - -
cation, while in summer she should where a great deal of cottonseed oil is Western Poultry Farm,
have a ooo pla- The beat material cm 0loyed, in order to irYe th mixturear
for a nest is dry earth on the bottom, the body that is necessary. Stearin is MARnSHAL, MO. sume or
with chopped hay over the earth. Then the hardest fat in tht beef after all the 4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c. I' sr
dust the nest, hens and eggs with Per- soft oils have been squeezed out. It is I tells how to make poultry raising everywhe
sian insect powder, put a small quan- the stuff tallow candles are made of profitable. It is up to date. 24 pages. Alwvayth
tity of tobacco refuse in the nest and and its melting temperature is 152 de- Send to day. We sell best liquid lice kl11- 3. M. Il
clean it out thoroughly should an egg agrees, which is 04 degrees above the er for 75 cts wpr. slon. Aluminum leg
he hrofpn or the npat foul Tsbande sna for poultry, 1 doz., 20 cts; 25 for 30L
become broken or the nest fouL The temperature of the stomach. It is in- cts; 50 for 50 cta; 100 forL s.
broken egg will cause lice quicker than soluble in either alcohol or either un-
anything else. But first see that the less they are brought up to the boiling
hen has no lice, then give her good point. It is generally used, as above
eggs and she will bring off a brood if slated, for the production of tallow l
she has a warm and comfortable-nest. candles." W F. e
The nest should be made movable, so Bt n yra e
as to be taken outside for cleaning. Sharple's Cream Separators-Profit- i
and it should never be placed where able Dairying.
To make close connect
tions with steamers leave
JAdkBlonilllo (Union do.
pot) Thursdays t:15sa. m.
(F. C. & P. Ry.)or Fernan-
dins, l:L 0p. m., via Cum-
Sberland steamer; meal
en route, or "all rail" via
Plant System at 7:4 p. m..
ar. Brunswick 11:30 p. m.
Sassengers on arrival go-
ng directly aboard steam
YORK LEAVING EVERY
........ Friday, June 15.
... ..... rday June 22.
..... ..Friday June 29.
street, Jacksonville, Fla.
seed business from Gaines-
pecial inducements to pur-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. '0
Addreas all communications to tme
editor, W. C. Steele, Switzerland, Fla.
At this season the "Flat woods" coun-
try is gay with powers. There are at
all times more blooming plants in the
moist lands than on the higher and
drier land or in the Hammocks. But
many of these wet land plants may be
grown on dry land if some care Is ex-
ercised.. For example, Crinum Amerl-
canum in its wild state is always found
in water or such very low ground that
the roots are always In water. Yet
it will do well in cultivation on very
much drier land and the bulbs increase
in sise very rapidly and bloom much
more profusely. The wild bulbs sel-
dom or never show more than two or
f(iM l2W91WV t; gOF 9al, sut tin uel
tivation it often has four and occasion-
ally five or six.
Lillum Catesbael is usually found in
very wet land. But if you want to try
cultivating it, always look on the dry
knolls so common in all fat woods.
Tlily V91"# (pw4 t4e 4 dry Ikollp ory
always two to four times as large as
those found in the wet land. It seems
that nature provides for the lack of
moisture in the soil by storing up
more food for the lower stalk in the
Just now may be found large patches
In the moist land which are fairly blue
in the early morning with the richly
colored blossoms of Nemastylis Coe-
lestina. The flowers are from an
inch and a half to three inches in di-
ameter, and the brightest, richest blue
of any flower we know. If they did
not fade so quickly they would be
much more desirable for cultivation.
In a hot clear day the flowers are all
shriveled up by ten o'clock. The root
is a bulb but very small and does not
seem to take kindly to cultivation.
One plant that ought to be intro-
duced into cultivation is Physostegia
Virginians. The leaves of this plant
when it first begins to grow in the
spring are very handsome, being curios-
ly veined and marked with dark lines
almost black. This coloring disap-
pears as the flower stalk begins to
grow. The itoem are square four
sided, belonging to the Mint family.
The plants grow from two to four feet
high, with from one to six flowering
stalks according to the age and size of
the plant. The flowers are about an
inch long, of a delicate lilac color, the
opening of the blossom is irregular,
bilabiate, with a grinning mouth like
appearance. Each stem bears from 20
to 00 or more flowers which open a
few at a time for several weeks. Al-
taesathr it I Ya TT ht ittu l
Just now Cephalanthus occidental
is in its full glory. It is quoted In the
botanies as an aquatic shrub and it
often does grow In the water. Yet
like many other plants, it is only semi-
aquatic and is often found wild In
places where the soil is wet only part
of the time, and, during a drouth is
often very dry.
The flowers-grow in clusters which
form round balls about an inch or a lit-
tle more in diameter. They are pure
white slightly fragrant, bor in great
profusion and last a long time.
Therre re many other plants that
we should be glad to describe, but
must stop for lack of spe. We may
continue this subject before long.
Is the Antgoam Leptopus Hardy?
Something over a year ago a firm
In one of the Northern states adver-
tised the Antigeoon Leptopuas as a per-
fectly hardy vine, in all climates.
Others have declared it hardy as far
North as Washington. ThiA seemed
good news to the lovers of the beauti-
tul who were not prepared to grow
tender plant. Unfortunately ex-
perience has shown that it is not a
strictly hardy vine, and will not sur-
vive the winters in the latitude of
Washington in the open ground. Last
winter was the mildest one We buve
experienced here in five years and a
very large Antigonon Leptopus was
left out all winter in soil that had a
southern exposure and was mulched
and covered with planks carefully fitted
over it. Notwithstanding all of our Seven Hundred Dollars for a Tree.
care and its favorable location it died. Doubtless most of our readers know
It would no doubt prove hardy In all that the Japanese gardeners have the
the states whose winters are so mild art of dwarfing trees so perfected that
that the ground is seldom frozen, and they have oaks and various evergreens
never for any great length of time; but a hundred years old or more, yet not so
It certainly will not bear a very low tall as a man. These curiosities bring
temperature, continuing for weeks to- fabulous prices as will be seen in the
gether. It is as easily grown as a following from the Mayflower:
geranium, and could be easily pre- "Queer how a poor little stunted
served in a pot or box which could be writhing, tortured Japanese tree should
taken In or out as the temperature re- strike one as being beautiful to the
quired The flowers of this beautiful tune of 7QQO! Yet that is the price paid
vine grow in the tendrils, and are in for a "Chabe-Hiba," in Roman par-
shape and size almost precisely like the lance Thuya obtusa nana, at a New
Begonia Rubra. It has the most York sale a few weeks ago. The height
charming shade of rose pink we ever of this poor nanized tree was six feet,
saw in any flower, diameter about a foot; in its bowl it
The plate accompanying the adver, weighed about a ton. The writer
tisement of the Antigonon Leptopus as would pass such a tree by "on the
a hardy vine represents the bloom as other side," to keep from seeing it, if
it appears after the seed vessels form I.oss:ble."
with the petals still adherent, when
they look much larger but are not nears- A spngizm #,W~ y,
ly as handsome as they are when the Under this heading we find in Suc-
blooms are in their prime. ctss With Flowers an interesting ar.
Mrs. Jennie 8. Perkins, tide on Lilacs.
Washington, D. C. Any of our readers who have lived
,(Plants are often killed by kindness, at the North are familiar with this old
It seems quite likely that the vine re- fashioned flower. How many have
forred to in above article may have t.rid it in thift g~&t? lan any nBC
been smothered by the planks fitted been successful with it?
too tightly over it--Editor.) "There is no daintler, prettier flower
of the early Springtime or early Sum-
Cut Worms. mer than the Lilac, which, it is said,
Are you troubled by cut worms? If is again coming into favor. It has nev-
so, the following from the Mayflower er been out of favor with some flower
may help you out: lovers, although it is not so extensive-
"When some fine morning I go out to ly cultivated as many other flowers.
look at my beautiful Pansies and find There are in the Arnold Aooretum,
a few of my choicest plants cut off which is now a part of Boston's park-
just above the soil, do I lift up my voice way system, some of the finest Lilacs
and weep? Oh no, not at all,-at least in the world. It is claimed that there
not nowadays I have learned the ia no finer collection of Lilacs any-
habits of Mr. Cutworm. He works where. They have been selected w'th
very early in the morning before the great care and have been given the
dawn of day, so I know the rest of my most painstaking culitivation with re-
plants are safe until the next morning, suits that have justified all the labor
I have also learned that Mr. C- has a and expense the collection has cost.
sweet tooth and have quite settled it Ir would be difficult to conceive of any-
in my mind that he has sensitive or- thing more beautiful than some of
gans of smell, and is attracted by the these great plume-like clusters of
sweet odor of molasses. So I set to lavender and white and purple
work with fiendish glee to prepare a rose-tinted flowers. In former years
feast for him when next he visits me. one did not often see any but the ordi-
I take water, the amount to be regu- nary lavender-hued Iifacs, and the
lated by the size of the Pansy bed, blooming season was limited to about
make it sweet with molasses, thicken two weeks. But French and German
with shorts of bran, and flavor with florists have been experimenting with
Paria -reenm one franooonful to each the Uiainc and have developed some
two quarts of mush. Towards night I Wonderful and beautiful varieties in
spread the mixture on the Pansy bed, various tints of lilac, pins, purple and
putting a spoonful around each plant, flesh color. The time of blooming has
to make sure each guest gets his share. been extended to five or six weeks, and
Mr. C- and his friends are on hand the size of the bloom so enlarged that
they eat ana are merry, but before some of the single flowers of the Marie
tomorrow they die. de Graye Lilac are fully as large as a
Only a few such feasts need be pre- silver quarter or a dollar. It has long,
pared-one each week for two or three pointed clusters and is a most beauti-
weeks usually exterminates the pest. ful flower. A remarkably fine wine-
One thing is sure, he wid not trouble tinted purple is the Charles X, with
iour plants as long as he can hlave srr lafrars se!! PI!"1mn!Hk s Elt. of
Paris green and molasses to eat. This flowers. The Amethyst Is, as Its name
treatment is equally effective for any indicates, a rosy lilac, while Philemon
vegetable or garden plant afflicted with is a very fine dark lilac.
Some Chinese Vegetables.
Abudlons From Seed. The Chinese, who are without doubt
A coibutor to the Mayflower says the best truck growers on earth, have
A contributor to the Mayfower sys number of vegetables of which noth-
on this subject: ing is known in this country, except
I didn't grow Abutilons from seed be- that many of them are exceedingly
cause I wanted Abutilons, but because palatable, and that they could be grown
I wanted the experience. Before I in this climate. The Chinese in this
got through I had both. country eat very few of our vegetables.
The seeds were of comfortable size Celery is the main exception. Of that
and must have been of the proper age, they are exceedingly fond. Among
for they germinated without any par- other things they have a vegetable
ticilar fuss and grew so rapidly that called Pokua. It is of the shape of a
I began to fear I was growing a grove gourd, and is very nutritious, contain-
of young Maple trees in my cigar box. Ing as it does large quantities of sugar
The plants were potted off into tiny and starch. Then they have the Zit
pots. I meant to sift them to larger Kwa, which is something lke a melon
ones, but instead I added another stone in shape. It is used in making confec-
to that place which is paved with good tions, and is also boiled and eaten. As
Intentions, and left the Abutilons in a confection it is said to be equal in
small pots. This checked their growth, flavor to many of our glazed fruits.
but undoubtedly caused them to bloom Another vo~eetinlle is the Chu Ko. It
much sooner than they would other- looks like a beet. Among the Chines>>
wise have done. It takes the place of the potato, but
The leaves of the plants were green, much excels that vegetable as a dietary
but the blossoms ranged in color from article. The- flavor is peculiar, and
a pale straw color to a deep rose. One probably the taste of a Yankee would
plant bore a curious but attractive have to be educated up to eating and
peach color blossom. The plants relishing it. It is very starchy, and
bloomed in the hotbed, and were taken the Chinese use it to produce that ar-
indoors for the winter; but an accident tiei. The Taro resembles the beet al-
to one of the conservatory windows so, but has more of the flavor of the
during zero weather wiped out the sweet potato. It is grown hn the Sand-
Abutilons and many other good plants which Islands, and many American
but I still had the benefit of the ex- families buy and eat it. The Ma Hal
perience. Is a well known fruit to the Chinese.
The Oolor of Yelks.
When fowls are deprived of green
food, the yelks of their eggs are very
pale yellow. These are much valued
for cake baking. Some people have
the notion that these pale yelks denote
L:iferior quality liut this is not thp
c(,ale:t .lluliply elSows a Ianc of gre'n
fIod, a full supply of which will soon
Intensify the color of the same. Again
many think that a blood spot on the
yelk is a sure sin of a bad egg. But
this is not necessarily so, for at times
this spot is deposited upon the yelk
fhom a rupture caused as It passes the
oviduct and is present in the egg when
perfectly fresh. This fact shows the
necessity of testing even fresh eggs by
candle prior to packing for market; for
while these spots do not really injure
the eggs, people dislike to use them,
and their presence causes buyers to
link you send out bad eggs.-Country
A Handy Lice-Killer.
The same old remedy,-kerosene.
Don't forget to use on the roosts, in
the corners of the nest boxes, in the
chicken coops, and on the shanks of
the hens with the chickens once a
week. It's another household article,
but it is also one of the very best lice-
Not only does it kill lice, but it also
kills the microbes that cause the fowls
to have' scaly legs. Keep the perches
well soaked with kerosene oil, and the
fowls will be free from scaly legs.
Canker-mouth in fowls may also be
cured by an application of kerosene
miid lard mixed di eaiil Atifti. it will
also cure sore-head that prevails so ex-
tensively among the young stock, par-
ticularly in the South, if applied to the
comb, and about the eyes or beak, the
parts usually affected.
It has the flavor of the chestnut, but
is sweeter. It is the root or bulb of
a water plant. Tho lotus Is largely
grown in China. Its seeds are roasted
and ground. They are then made into
biead and are largely used in soups.
The lily bulb is called pak hop by the
Chinese. They are sold both green
and dry, and are regarded as being a
great delicacy. The Fan Ko, or yam
lean. grows upon a fibrous vine which
rans along beneath the surface of the
ground. They are covered with a
thick yellow, stringy bark, which peels
off and leaves a firm white interior,
which is sweet to tae taste. Above
ground the vine bears bulbs or beans,
:containing large quantities of starch
and cane sugar. They have a sweet
Inspired flavor, but are very nutritious.
Beans are the great standby of the
Chinese. They have many different
varieties of these, and put them to a
multuBlO st ques, 1414 *f 1is5 VMge-
tables are now grown by the Chinese
on the banks of the Sacramento River
in California, where no doubt seeds
might be procured. Possioly some of
them would be profitable to raise in
this region.-Texas Truck Farmer.
WOMEN WHO WEAR WELL.
It is astonishing how great a change
a few years of married life will make
in the appearance and disposition of
many women. The freshness. the
charm, the brilliance vanish like the
bloom from a peach which is rudely
handled. The matron is only a dim
shadow, a faint echo of the charming
maiden. There are two reasons for
this change, ignorance and neglect.
Few young women appreciate the
shock to the system through the
change which comes with marriage.
Many neglect to deal with the un-
pleasant drains which are often conse-
quent on marriage and motherhood,
not understanding that this secret
(drain is robbing the cheek of its fresh-
ness and the form of its fairness. As
surely as the general health suffers
when there is derangement of the
health of the delicate womanly organs,
so surely when these organs are es-
tablished in health the face and form
at once witness to the fact in renewed
comeliness. Half a million women
and more have found health and hanDi-
irsS in rie use or Dr. i-rrves vai uraite
Prescription. It makes weak women
strong and sick women well.
40s THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
FLOBMIA A1GICULTUIII RT
Entered at the potoffice at DeLand, Flor-
ida, a second class matter.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
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Jacksonville, drop us a line to above address.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 27, 1900.
The Great Need of the South.
V6Y iMaet Bha ile J1dhes regarding
the wisdom of the remarks that I am
going to make in your presence for a
few moments. I would quit raising
wheat. I would not send a bushel of
grain outside of Tennessee as you are
not getting enough to justify your
growing it. There are much more
inviting fields in other directions. It
is very rare that we get such prices for
fine saddle horses as they are willing
to pay now. The whole world wants
horses. The people of the United
States can procure horses cheaper than
other people, and you Southern gentle-
men can train them better than any
one else. The world will let you make
your own prices, and fine horses of that
kind that they all Irish horses go from
the United Xtaer to reland aad Wi
are sold to the British for any price
you ask, and I would advise you to
turn your energies in that direction
rather than to the growing of 8 or 10
bushels of wheat per acre and which
is taking the very life out of your soil.
Another thing that I would advise
you to turn your attention to is cattle
and sheep raising. I have never seen
as many natural conditions combined
together to make a paradise of this
Industry as here in Tennessee. Up in
Iowa when I am at home we have to
feed our animals half of the year and
sometimes more. We have to put up
feed enough during the summer to feed
them during six long months. You
have a mild climate, innumerable
spring and woods to shelter them,
but now the question comes about,
what shall they eat? This is the prob-
lem you have been discussing this af-
ternoon-rorage for animals, etc? Why
do you not grow clover now? Lawes
and Gilbert ascertained that they can
grow wheat on the same piece of
ground every year for fifty years, with
a gradual decreasing yield, but they
could not grow clover more than a
few years, because the clover polluted
the ground. I would put fertility back
in Tennessee soils so that clover would
grow if I wanted it to.
I agree with you regarding the value
of cowpeas, because in experimenting
once at the Iowa Experiment Station
to ascertain what succession of food
crops I could have, so that the cow
would have something green to eat, I
found that during the month of Au-
gust, I had to send to Alabama for the
Southern cowpea. They would not
ripen in Iowa. The Northern cowpea
would not have gotten ripe and left
me in the lurch. These things are be-
ing experimented with here. You will
get ideas that are worth something, be-
cause they are tried in your own soil,
on your ownI animals anl under the
auspices of your own University.
Now with regard to growing corn,
By all means grow it. You can silo
it or you can let it alone, just as your
cotton by first listing your ground and
see fit. By putting corn in the silo you
have it in a moist condlition for the
dairy cow and you can not successful-
ly feed dairy cows on dry feed; they
must have it moist. You gentlemen
do not need to Believe in silage if you
do not want to. There may be some-
thing about Southern conditions in
shocking corn that I have never ob-
served. When I put up corn fodder, I
put 144 hills in the shock and cure it
green. Sometimes here would be a
little mold on It, but the cows never
objected to it on that account. I do
not think you could do that where the
pea vines grow up the cornstalk. You
would have too great a mass of green
With regard to plowing under. Sup-
pose before plowing under you allow
the dairy cow or sheep to eat it and
then plow under the manure. Vege-
table matter or humus is a necessity
W-9114 It seala lo 80e ll to retain
moisture. Now suppose your soil will
not grow a crop of anything, and you
have a lot of sheep and cattle you are
preparing for market that you are
going to use to eat out the growing
crop to enrich your soil. You do not
need to go north to find that you have
the best manure that you could find
any place on earth and that you can
get cheaper than anybody else can get
it, and that is your own cottonseed
meal. Let your hogs or sheep put the
fertilizer on that field by first feeding
the coton seed meal to them and it
will bring your land up better than
anf1nluig l[a1 4 wonder and marTal
that you Southern people ever permit
a pound of it to leave your farms. You
will get more value from the 12 to 15
per cent of that meal that the animal
will use and digest than you will from
the 100 pounds put in the field. Let
the animal first have it and then use
Now with regard to your pastures,
That was discussed very intelligently
by the gentleman who was speaking
when I came in. It is a general prop-
osition that we either farm too much
lnd or we have not capital enough to
handle the acres we do farm. We do
not stock our farms up fully. There
is no more tsock in the South
than there was four or five years ago,
but the primc lima' bG S ufp wefmaIu
ly.-By James Wilson, Secretary or
Notes on figs.
It is quite usual, even in small gar-
dens, for a house to be devoted to
peaches and nectarines, grapes and
melons, but it frequently happens that
in large gardens, where provision is
made for these fruits on a large scale,
figs are not specially provided for.
Sometimes fig culture is represented
only by one solitary tree trained to the
back wall of a peach house. It fre-
quently happens that not more than
one, or it may be two, members of a
family appreciate figs, and, this being
so, it is not considered worth the trou-
ble to provide a structure exclusively
Good figs, however, can be, and are.
grown on the back walls of peach
houses, where the front trellis is so ar-
ranged that sunshine reaches almost
;he whole depth of the wall. By ju-
dicious management and a sunny
aspect, there Is no more uncertainty at-
tending their culture than in the case
of peaches or melons but allowed td
grow unattended, except at long inter-
vals, fruits are not freely borne. The
fig may be made to produce two, and wall. Remove superfluous growths in
sometimes, three crops in one season, an early stage and pinch the summer
without any substantial effort. The sl'oots at intervals throughout-the sea-
earliest crop produced from the sum- son, except those required to extend
mer growth of last year; the second and to fill bare spaces on tho wall.
follows this more or less closely, ac- Much the same attention is needed in
cording to the treatment and the tem- outdoor trees as that given to those un-
perature provided, on the current sea- der glass. From outdoor trees only
son's shoots, but it is only by early one crop can be expected to ripen, al-
and repeated pinching of the growing though many fruits will form and
points that an early or general crop is swell.-London Garden.
secured. Unless stopped, their leaf
and stem growth extends into several About Water Cress arming.
feet in the case of a vigorous or There is a product of the limestone
healthy tree, whereas by the removal brooks and springs of Middle Tennes-
of the growing point the embryo fruits see and Kentucky which is just as fa-
that form in the axils of the levaes mous as the blue grass re,,.n to which
swoull and maturea.Its a, Th o io tono
The growth of figs is by nature of a It Is a naive. Thoaseand of tone of
rampant tendency, requiring much water cress are shipped at this season
close attention in stopping and the re- from this section to Chicago, St. Lous,
moval of superflubus./shoots in sum- Cincinnati, New York and other great
wer, and a general thinning and rear- cities. The blue grass cress is the
rangement of the rods in winter, most desired variety which can be
Crowding is fatal to fruit-bearing, be- found on the market and many men
cause the luxuriant and abundant leaf- who have found its culture profitable
age shuts out the sun, and thus proper devote all their marsh lands to it.
maturity of the wood is impossible. Although the water cress is pecul-
The outdoor cultivation of figs is al- fairly palatable in the fall and winter
so limited, for which several reasons seasons, it Is one of the finest spring
may reasonably be assigned. Their un- condiments. Time was a number of
certainty in fruit-bearing, liability to years ago, when water cress could not
Injury in severe winters, and the great be obtained at any price out of season,
amount of labor required in keeping but the constant demand has created a
them in good order may be mentioned change and it is cultivated now so that
as some causes that count for much in it can be obtained at all seasons. The
gardens restricted In labor, and where water cress of commerce In cultivated,
the value set upon the fruit when ripe though great quantities of it are gath-
is not a very high one or uncertain. In ered wild in the brooks and springs of
planting-and the present is a very Tennessee. Tons of pungent appetizer
good time to carry this but-avoid rich are raised and shipped to the regular
soil, as this predisposes the trees to markets from the farms and swamps
rank growth. Garden soil which has markets from the farms and swculture.
not recently been manured, and to which tvd s
which has been added a liberal quanti- The cultivated cress is much superior
ty of refuse lime or old ceiling plaster to the wild, both in size and flavor, and
DloKEn ralnyl small will uDIly crcr when displayed for sale attracts the
requirement. Firmness' o the border neast paying cuamcers. fA trrta onwimp
too, is of equal importance. A position or marsh conducted under modern
where there is a good deal of traffic is ideas of farming yields a fair return.
often chosen as the surrounding border The essential conditions for a good wa-
and proves most suitable both for ter cress bed are a wet swamp with a
building up a moderate and short- sandy or gravel bottom and a running
jointed growth and regular crops of spring of water. Such places abound
fruit in their season. A pithy growth in Middle Tennessee. Ditches are cut
brought about by over-rich soil is through such a marsh about two feet
liable to be crippled by severe frost, deep and four feet wide. These ditches
and is shy in bearing. The roots are run parallel to each other and cross-
much inclined to ramble away from wise, cutting the marsh into squares
prepared borders, inside or outdoors, about twenty feet either way. They are
and to obviate this, narrow brick pits excavated so that a slight grade run-
with cemented joints are made. The ning in one direction will make the
oota, If they penrtrats 9 in b hn-'s water bubbling uip fm t~!J _pi'fS
can be shortened by digging a trench flow through them.
outside the pit walls. When restricted This fall is very slight, however, de-
in root space, the growth is under con- pending partly upon the supply of wa-
trol to a great extent, and if it is found ter, and never so steep as to empty the
necessary, it is easy to accelerate upper ends of the ditches even in the
growth by feeding or top-dressing. driest summer weather Along either
From pot trees useful crops may be side of the artificial canals a space is
taken, the season easily extended, left to accommodate an ordinary plank
,early or late when other fruithouses let to wicmmodate an ordinar plank
or a separate division provide the board on which the grower can stand
necessary head room, and a fair to harvest his crop in the proper sea-
amount of sunshine at all times. PFrom son.
pots a second crop can be secured, and At the lowest part of the swamp a
there is the additional advantage in dam is erected to hold the water in the
this system of culture that when the ditches, and by means of this the flow
crops are all gathered the trees can be is regulated to suit the season. In rainy
stood outside and their space occupied seasons the water from the muddy
by other plants. If in pots of good part of the swamp is apt to back up
alac. i rvibii fle S ffW evof a long Ints thb r-nn-n sXda asN 'I'ri- *+h
time, when every necessary attention plants, or again In hot' other the
is paid to the watering feeding and water will run away and leave the
top-dressing, plants high and dry. The dam is sup-
No more useful variety than Brown posed to regulate the supply so that
Turkey for general use can be chosen, the creases never suffer from too much
though, where more variety can be ac- or too little. The cresses are taken
commodated, White Marseilles, White from old beds and pushed into the mud
Ischia, and Saint John's are particular- at the bottom of the ditches about one
ly useful for early crops, and Negro foot apart each way. If no old bed is
Largo and Brunswick for later use. at hand to supply the cuttings seeds
The last named produces fruits of the are scattered broadcast through the ar-
largest size, and is good for outdoor tiflclal waterways. Then usually trout
planting, though, generally speaking, it are put into the streams to feed upon
is not so free-bearing as the smaller the insects and mollusks which eat
sorts. Where successful fig culture on the leaves of the cress. There is
can be assured outdoors, however, it a bug or'worm that lives upon the wild
should have a place even it it extends ater crs ad maes the leaves rag-
only to one tree. or g-water cress and makes the leaves rag-
only to one tree. or growing out- Th ro that
doors or in pots I much prefer trees mayd and uninviting. riThe profits that
with a single stem; sucker growth may be gathered from raising trout are
against walls in very persistent, and merely incidental, but sometimes this
in pots suckers do not serve any use- amounts to considerable.
ful purpose. those who have not been The creases need no further cultiva-
hitherto successful with figs have at tion after once being planted except to
least some opportunity remaining to keep them promptly covered with
them in the severer pruning, or rather fresh water, and this can be done very
thinning of the rods at once, retaining easily in a properly constructed ditch.
as many as there is room for of those The harvest season Is now all the year
produced last season and taking out around, hotels and restaurants de-
old and barren ones from the base, manding a constant supply, but the
nailing or tying the others close to the most profitable season is the early
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 409
spring and winter. A winter crop of
cress is often extremely profitable, fo
the average price paid then Il 50 cents
to $1 per basket. Frequently a crop
cut for the mid-winter holiday sells at
$2 and even $3 per basket. In order
to supply good creases in the depth of
winter the spring water in the ditches
must not be allowed td freeze, for this
dscolors or kills the plants so that
they are worthless. Consequently
sashes are put over the ditches where
Winter ~tCT 4 rk-64" Te 1111ita
expense of putting down these sashes
is considerable, but they last for many
years andw'more than pay for them-
selves in"'e or two seasons. The
sashes have to extend up to the source
of the water supply, for if the ice
should form there the flow might
cease. The water must be kept run-
ning continually, for quiet, stagnant
water kills the plants.
When the plants are ready for cut-
ting, either in the spring, summer or
winter, the grower places his plank
board on the space left for it along the
sides of the ditch, and kneeling down
he grabs a bunch of cress in one hand
and deftly cuts it off about four inches
down. An inexperienced harvester
would tear the plants from their mud-
dy bed, for their roots only insecurely
hold them in place. As the roots are
left in the field for several years, such
a mistake would prove very costly to
the owner. The water cress baskets
are made of splints and hold about half
a peck each. As soon as cut the plants
are packed in them. They are laid
carefully in layers, and when the bas-
ket is full two strings are tied across
the top to keep them in position. Then
the ihaskets are backed in crates ready
for Immeadate asnpment to market.
Some farmers continue the old method
of sending the creases to market in
loose bunches, but this is only safe
where the distance is short.
A double crop of creases can be tak-
en from a good feld, and usually the
growers calculate upon this. They
either gather an early spring and lute
fall crop or a winter and summer crop.
Thus the plants are allowed about six
months in which to produce a good
crop of leaves. They can do this only
under favorable conditions, however,
and the wild water cress rarely yields
enough for two crops in one year.
The profits of a cress farm are just
-as variable as ony other farm produce.
So many factors, such as the condition
of growth, the skill of the grower, the
market prices, and the distance from
the market, enter into the question,
that no one can satisfactorily give a
correct answer. Cress growers In ex-
ceptionally good seasons clear as high
as $100 an acre, and that on marsh
land of little value for other purposes,
while others complain that $60 an acre
is all that any man can expect.-Chi-
THE EASY END OF IT.
"Wouldn't you like to have been
"No," said Scribbler; "I'm glad I
"Prefer your own stuff to his, ohi"
"Not a bit of it. But I think Thack-
eray was harder to write than to
read. I have the easy end of it."-
The new manufactory of Messrs.
Hubbard and McIntosh is getting un-
der good headway. It is converting
saw palmetto leaves into fiber for
making mattresses. Incorporation
notice has been published in the Dun-
nellon Citizen of the Carmichael and
Son Company. Their place of busi-
ness will be Ocala. Their capital
stock is $50,000, and they will do a
general merchandise business, buy
and sell land, operate an ice factory,
CANIOER CURED WITHOUT PAIN.
NO KNIFE USED.
$1,000 for a case of Ples we can't cure.
Write for free books. Address
WHERE IT WAS KEPT.
It w'as in one of the big department
"What do you wish today, madam?"
"Nothing. I- "
"Sixteenth floor. Take the elevator.
We have nothing there in large and
varied assortments. James, ring the
bell for the lady."-Harper's Bazar.
TO THE DEAF.
A riaih lahi. 9A9nT B( he9r 4i1t11a a0d
noises in the head by Dk. Nicholson's
Artificial Ear Drums, gave $10,0000 to his
Institute, so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may have them
free. Address 1221c. The Nicholson In-
stitute, 780 Eighth Avenue, New York.
IATE -TWIRtl WSr 1, mBU I a8 a aNu
one week, 5 cents; three weeks G0 cents.
ORANGE TR ERSA, FOR SUM
Budded on either Sweet or Sour All Standard varieties of Orange,
Orange, Rough Lemon or Citrus Grape Fruit and other citrus fruits
Trifollata Stocks .. . in stock . . . . .
Trees budded on Citrus Trifollata bear young and are
especially suited where artificial protection is used.
HIGHEST GRADE TREES i AT .s LOW PRICES
Complete Stock of all Classes of Fruit and Ornamental Trees.
FLORIDA GROWN PEACH TREES FOR LARGE ORCHARD
PLANTING A SPCIALTVY-
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or CATALOG FREE.
money refunded. W. H. Mann, Man-
vlle, Fla. 10x8-1900. Corrspondence Solicited.
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
Gralefruit Trees 4600 budded. Box n
Orlando, Fla.. 4tf
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
z38 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
PINE APPLE PLANTS FOR SALE.-
Abbaka & Golden Queen Suckers and Blips
from fine thrilty plants. Address Arthur
H. Brown, Manatee, Fla. 26x33
JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail
postpaid for 25c per dozen. Good sized
plants ready now. W. S. PREISTON,
Auburndale, Fla. 15-tt
FOR SALE-A few trios of Buff Ply-
mouth Rocks: also eggs from two
iifas, W; KIIW f., Aw-0
KINS, Mannville, Fla. 7-2
BBLGIAN HARES-Breeding age. Making
p dlub to order from other States.
Large lot makes prices and expressage
reasonable. Particlars, Young G. Lee,
Glenoak, Pla. It
LAND TO RENT-In South Florida for
what it will produce over $300 pr. acre.
Party must have some money. I. M.
DE PEW, Palmasola, Fla. 20x32
LODGE Plain or Society Shield. Bver
Key UhoLka with your name only 1c.;
with address 25c. K. RING, 1003 O
street, N. W., Washington, D. C. 23x28
ROSSEILLE makes splendid sauce, jelly,
pies, pickles, wine. shrub, etc.: 2 dozen
planIL mailed for Mc; large, i6c oouen.
Seeds 25c o; 10c package. E. THOMP-
SON, Avon Park, Fa.
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Frultland
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year
citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tf.
FOR SALE--100 cash. Eight acres of
high pine land near DeLand Junction;
6 acres cleared, three acres of which are
in grove, the balance of the tract is in
timber. Small house and a well on the
place. Address T. M. H., care Agricul-
turist, DeLand, Fla. Sty
WE HAVE complete list American man-
ufacturers. Can buy for you at lowest
prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
gines, boilers. incubators, windmills, or
anything wanted. 0OreOihidanco no-
,lcited. AMERICAN TRADES AGENCY
Jacksonville, Fla. Ott
THE U. S. LIVE STOCK REMEDY has
proved most ecint in preventing and
curing Hog and Ohicken Cholera and
kindred diseases. It is also a fine con-
dition powder. Sales are increasing. If
your dealer don't keep it we will mail
it to you on receipt of price 25c per %
lb. Liberal discount to dealers. ISAAC
MORGAN, Agent. Kissimmee, Fla. 12tf
DO KEEP BEES
YOU A *
No matter-my 64-page Bee Book
Tells O w.
It will interest and please you. I know it
will. It'sfree. Write today-the honey sea-
son's coming J. M. Jek ns, Wetispha
"Certificate Am. Inst. Fnr."
sad Excteior Feed and Poultry
THE GRIFFIN BROTHERS COMPANY,
Farmers' Attention !
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies
Poultry Netting a ... Columbia Bicycles
CHAPTER OAK STOVES,
CARRARA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PUMPS
WRITE FOR PRICES.
QEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
PART RAIL, PART SEA.
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
. FROM .
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK.
BOSTON AND"T- EAST.
SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Thence via ship, alilings from Savannah, Pour Ships each week to New York and Two
to Boston. All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write
for general information. sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or cal on
E. H. BINTON, Tra e Mgr., WALuTE HRAWKINS, Gem. Agt.,
Savannah, Ga. 224 w. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla
SPECIAL UNTIL JULY 1, 1900.
To redue our enormous stock of pot-grown plants, counsstingof
about half-a-million Tropical and Semi-Tropieal trnit trees, Bcono,
mical, Medicinal, and Useful Plants and taces, Bamboos, Conifers
Palms and Cycads Perns. Miscellaneous ornamental vines, creepers
hrubs, and flowerig plants, we will until JULY FIRST offer any
and all a a cash discount of 33 1-3 per cent fom onr lit price
whn order amounts to 1.00 and over, by epres or frdght;l plants
are wanted by mail, a discount of 20 per cent only will be allowed
We have a large stock of such plants as guavas, mangoes, sapodilas,
star-apples, chermoyas, loquats, camphor, etc, etc., all healthy and
free rom insects. On itru stock we can only allow usual discount
of 20 per cent., when order amounts to $5.OO or over. Send for ele-
gant cataloe, most complete published in the south (free) and et
some b 0ovl e. RBALONBK BBRO&, Oncco, Florlda.
TFH FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Address all communications to the
Household Department, Agriculturist,
Hinta on laundry Work.
Well-washed, fresh-looking and sweet
smelling clothes are the result of care-
ful attention to small matters, and how
much can be accomplished by a certain
expenditure of thought and time in the
preparation of the weekly wash, and
without expense, no one but a good
housekeeper can tell.
Steeping the clothes in soft. water
(borax has the effect of softening the
writer and dissolving fats and starches)
after they have been properly sorted
the night before the wash, is one of the
most valuable steps. It saves time, la-
bor, soap and wear of the material.
Soap is the next consideration in
laundry work. Soap is a combination
of alkali-soda, potash or ammonia-
with fat, grease or oil. It is a harm-
less dirt remover only when properly
compounded. The quality and quan-
tity of the alkali Is an all-Important
point In the choice of soap. Too much
allali in its pure state injures the fab-
ric and destroys the color of the clothes.
There are two kinds of soap, hard and
soft, and many varieties of the forme-
Hard soap is made of soda and fats.
soft soap of potash and fats. Soft
soap is never used in laundry wotk ex-
cept in cleansing the much soiled gar-
ments of men. employed in greasy or
dirty work. The best hard soap con-
tains the least water, and for laundry
purposes the best is the cheapest.
Proper rinsing and bluing are the
next considerations. Improperly done.
they are the cause of the yellow, soiled
and streaky appearance of the clothes
so often noticed.
Before bluing, which Is resorted to
to make clothes a better color, if every
particle of soap be not well rinsed out.
the result is seen in the iron rust spots
on the linen.
St4rch follows us another important
item in laundry work; its effect is two-
fold. It gives a nice appearance to
some clothes and it enables them to
keep clean longer. Starch is a vegeta-
ble product found in all plants in
greater or less abundance. For laun-
dry purposes it is obtained from rice,
maize and wheat. The wheat starch is
very stiff and should be used only on
coarse materials. Indian corn or maize
produces a starch that needs some
glazing medium, or it makes a rough
surface. Rice is nearly pure starch,
and Its pure quality makes it excellent
for-deloate materials. Sugar in starch
helps to give a gloss, and for stiffening
lace can be used by Itself, like gum-
arabic, which for this purpose is often
employed. The quality of starch can
be learned by mixing it with a little
cold water. The best starch dries into
a cake-the poorer qualities crumble.
A little beeswax or soap is used in hot
water to keep it from sticking. Tur-
pentine is used in cold water starch
for the same purpose, but must be
sparingly applied, for fear of odor.
Alum is used to render fabrics less
Inflammable. Thin muslins and cam-
brics flnlly rinsed with alum in the
water becomes less likely to take fire.
and this is a good precaution to take
with children's garments.-American
Little Things of Housekeeping.
How nany an inexperienced house-
keeper has had her day or weeks of
trial for the lack of knowledge of little
things; so little, or so considered, that
no one ever thought It necessary to
mention them as possible stumbling
blocks. iMany of them are like crum-
pled leaves on a life of roses, but they
are part of the events that make life
pleasant or painful, so says an ex-
When potatoes are soggy, when the
bread is heavy, the vegetables taste-
less, the steak overdone, the house
flled with smoke-ah, these are not
the things that kill, but they help to cold water and br
bring wrinkles and gray hairs, Ing point, when al
As fanr as bread is concerned, there minutes, never a
are many, many reasons why it is not Drain and pick in
right. Only the best authorities ought Melt the butter i
to be consulted for the bread-making flour, blend, add i
recipe. and it should he followed with pepper, and cook
religious care. Genetully speaking, if draw back on the
the bread is full of holes it has been' egg-yolks beaten
allowed to raise too long a time, or too fuls of cold milk,
much yeast hos been used for the then put in the fl
amount of bread made. If the loaves three minutes.
are too dry, too much flour has been with lemon slices
used, or too little shortening-when it
is used at all. Good bread can be Bescu
made of water, but it will be lighter An annual, or
and whiter if made of milk, grass, growing thl
All of the vegetables that are cooked under favorable
in water should be watched with the ing up several st
eye of common sense. The water should base. The panicle
be changed two or three times on spreading, bear
onions, turnips and cabbage. Peas and spikelets about on
beans should be cooked in plenty of quarter of an inc
water; squashes in very little, and, other Then flower
when done, should be lifted into the er coarse in text
colander and allowed to drip, while and usually bear
still on the fire. Baking squash re- awn rarely exceed
lives one from the difficulty of get- inch in length.
ting all the superfluous water out of commercial sense
this 'atery vegetable, sented in fig. 1, b,
Nothing ought to interfere with the ering glume with
cooking of a steak. Before putting it and grain.
on the broiler arrange it carefully and There are sever
evenly on the broiler, and put over a tion, varying soms
low, hot fire. If the fire is too high it the panicle and t
can be raked down: if too hot a little branches also in tl
alt can be sprinkled over the coals. A on the flowering g
steak one inch thick needs only seven lustrated in the i
minutes' cooking, if the fire is in prop- which the name B
er condition, been applied. It
Whenever steaks or chops are put on ical form only in
the fire to broil, the draughts ought to somewhat longer
be opened, that all the smoke and odor Rescue grass w
may go up the chimney, where it will ists in Europe in t
do the most good. or, at any rate, the eighteenth century
least harm. The flues, or slide over the sci :'ed aml figures
range, may carry off the smoke, but specimens grown
there is no rtcoon why it should be in den at Berlin from
the kitchen at all; and the open draught olina, where it h
will prevent its coming.-Prairie Farm- introduced. The
South America, w
Salt Fish Dishes.
Salt and smoked meats and fish are
peculiarly appetizing in hot weather,
and the following recipes from the
"Woman's Home Companion" are sug-
gestive of appetizing breakfasts:
A New Mackerel Dish.-Thoroughly
freshen two fish by soaking over
night; wash in fresh water in the
morr.ng, wipe dry and squeeze lemon
juice over the flesh side. Lay one of
the fish in the bottom of a baking pan.
and cover with a thick dressing made
of bread crumbs well seasoned with
parsley, pepper, salt, butter and some
bits of thin lemon peel (the outside yel-
low part. Lay the other fish on this
dressing and baste with melted butter
and hot water. Bake until brown, re-
move to a hot platter without disturb-
ing the layers (use ai fish-tin in the
baking pan to make handling easy),
and cover the top with bread crumbs
moistened in melted butter and baked
to a pretty brown. Garnish with thin
lemon slices and parsley.
Broiled Haddie.-Always select small
haddie, as they are more delcate than
large ones. Put the fish in a dripping
pan in cold water, skin side up, nnd
bring slowly to the boiling point;
drain, wipe dry, rub over with soft
butter, and broil to a rich brown.
Serve with maitre d'hotel butter; that
is, butter in which pepper, salt, lemon
juice and chopped parsley have been
worked in proportions to suit the taste.
Broiled Mackerel.-Soak over night,
bring to a. boil in cold water in the
morning, drain, wipe dry, rub with
butter and broil to a delicate brown.
Serve as huddle, with maitre d'hotel
Herring.-Skin, wash, wipe dry, dip
in lemon juice (the juice of one large
lemon in a soup plate will answer), rub
over with soft butter sprinkle with
finely chopped parsley and bake brown
in the oven. Serve on buttered, crisp
toast with mustard sauce.
Creamed Haddie.-The requirements
for this dish are a small haddie, one
pint of mixed milk and cream, one
heaping tablespoonful each of butter
and flour, two egg-yolks, one-half salt-
spoonful of pepper end a dash of
mace. Put the haddie on the stove in
ly distributed. It
native in Central
and possibly Sout
Southern States th
Ihe Eullropxlwn set
temIpt to introduce
any extent, so fa
from published re
B. V. Iverson, of
1t53 and 1854. H
ing accounts of it
cessful in introdu
parts of the Soutl
per p)o-k. lie als
"rescue grass." I
his honor "Iverson
About this time
duced into Austra
very popular for s
name of Californih
name having aris,
the erroneous idea
of California. It ii
tensively in Austr
names, as Austral
brome and prairie
regarded by wiit
It was also intr
with very extra
mlade mostly by pel
profit from its sal
of one of its botany
sclhraeri. This n
ol less ipreval' l t il
also been called ar
adapted to cultivar
States and has be
cess as far north
Its value is in its
hay. Ii has been
the experiment sti
and spoken of v
eastern Texas it is
a volunteer crop at
highly by some o
grows best on a r
will do well in sol
tions. On light, p
but a scanty grow
in such soil it is I
secure& e the lmost
land should be we
rowed, and the se
broadcast and har
to 40 pounds of see
The seed is rathe
ing it to the simmer- ent. It is sold by most of the larger
low It to cook for 20 (talers and quoted at from 25 to 30
allowing It to boil. cents per pound, or 10 to 2J dollars
lto good-sized flakes per hundred weight. The seed weighs
n a spider, add the about 16 pounds per busheL After
the *ilk, cream and having seeded a small area, the grow-
two minutes. Now er may find it profitable to grow his
e stove and add the own seed rather than pay 25 or 30
with two tablespoon- cents per pound for it.
blend thoroughly, The seed should be sown in late Au-
aked dish, and cook gust or early September, so as to be
Garnish, in serving, ready to germinate as soon as the first
and parsley. fall rains come. In case of a dry au-
and pa y tumn the crop will be late, but under
favorable conditions a heavy stand
s GrasM. will be produced furnishing excellent
sometimes perennial pasture from December to April or
ree to four feet high nMay: or if it is desired for hay, one
conditions and send- or sometimes two crops may be se-
ems from the same cured
is usually large and The grass is naturally an annual
ig much flattened producing its seed and then dying, but
e inch long and one- if prevented from seeding by continu-
h wide, composed of ous cutting or pasturing, it will sur-
?ts overlapping each vive several years and produce well;
,ing glumes are rath- but as the grass dries up during the
ure strongly nerved, summer the use of the land during
ng a short point or that period is practically lost. Results
ling an eighth of an giving the most general satisfaction in
The "seed.' in the growing this grass may be secured by
of the term, repre- pasturing it until spring and then let-
consisfs of the flow- ting it reseed itself. After it has ma-
the inclosed palet tured its seed, the land may be plowed
n and sown. preferably to cowpeas or Ja-
al forms in cultiva- pan clover, which should be harvested
what in the size of i time to allow the rescue grass to
he length of its start again with the first autumnal
ie length of the awn rains. Excellent volunteer crops may
rlume. The form l1- be secured in this way for several
figure is the one to years
romus schraderi has Feeding Value.-Oats, rye, barley
differs from the typ- and hairy vetch are the other principal
having the branches annual plants grown with more or less
and more drooping, success for winter forage in the region
as known to botan- to which rescue grass is adapted; so
the latter part of the that it must be compared with these
. In 1806 it was de- in determining its relative value. Pro-
by W illdenow from fssor Tracy, writing of this grass in
in the botanical gar- Bulletin No. 20, of the Mississippi Sta-
Sseed sent trom Car- tion, says: "Sown with equal care it
ad apparently been will give a better winter pasture than
grass is a native cf will either oats or rye, and in the
here it is quite wide spring can be plowed i:n with equal
also appears to be advantage as a fertilizer." For hay,
Amernca Anal Mxico Professor Phares says it is equal to a
hern Texas, but ap- good stand of oats.
distributed u1 our Professor Brunk. of the Texas Agri-
irough the agency of cultural College, in wAiting of it, says:
:ters. 'he first :it- "It makes more forage in February
it into cultivation to and March than any other grass tried.
r as we can learn When cut for hay in April it produced
rords, was made b3 about two tons per acre." He places
Columbia, S. C., in it second in a list of grasses for win-
e wrote some glow- ter pasture in Texas, placing reed ca-
and was quite suc- nary grass, which is a perennial, first.
cing it in various Professor McCarthy, in reporting on
h at the rae of $5 this grass in Bulletin No. 73, of the
o asa it tell naed North Carolina Experiment Station,
t was also called in says: "It requires rich, moist, light
i's grass. soil. On poorer soils it is much infe-
it waste also ntro- tr to common rye for winter graz-
olia, where it was ing.
aome time under the Its nutritive value is high. Com-
a prairie grass, his paring the chemical analyses of the
en apparently from grass with those of rye and oat fodder,
that it was a native it is found that it contains a larger
s still used quite ex- percentage of protein and fat than
ala under various either. Its nutritive ratio is 1.6, show-
ian oats, Australiau ing it to be a well-balanced ration for
grass, and is highly stock.
ters on Australian Experience has shown that though
rescue grass can not be offered as a
oduced into France panacea for all the troubles of the
viagant shitatementsi Southern farmer as was first claimed,
ople Itng to cleriv it can be safely recommended as a val-
asse. It was calledation unable addition to the winter forage
ras, a translation plants of the gouth, either for hay or
ical names, Bromus pasture.-U. S. Department of Agri-
Ilne .is also u lt'ey. culture Bulletin.
tlans country. It hlas
rctic grass. The three local factories of the Ha-
Ise.-This gravis is vana-American Company, which have
ition in the Gulf been shut down for several weeks, ow-
een tried with suc- ing to differences between the pickers
as North Carolina. and packers, resumed operations Sat-
use for pasture and urday morning with the usual number
tried at several of of employes. The resumption of work
nations in the South is very gratifying to the business com-
ery favorably. I>1 munity generally, as it means that
rather common as several hundred workmen, who have
id is spoken of very been idle, will again receive their
f the farmers It weekly wages.-Tampa Tribune.
ich, loamy soil, and Six members of the Tampa Light
mewhat shady loca- Infantry were court-martialed Satur-
oor soil it produces ray night on charges of dereliction of
th, and for pasture duty on the occasion of the recent in-
inferior to rye. To section by Adjutant-General Houston.
satisfactory results. Lieutenant M. Henry Cohen presided.
'11 plowed and har- Two of the accused, a sergeant and a
ed drilled or sown corporal, were sentenced to pay a fine
rowed in, using 30 of $1 or spend one day in jail. The
ed per acre. others escaped with a reprimand.-
r expensive at press Tampa Tribune.
TH FLRD AGICLTRIT _11
POUITSY IXDEP.A ETNT.
Address all communications to Poul-
try Department, Box 200, DeLand, Fla.
*Points on Turkey-Baising.
The first essential in turkey-raising
is the selection of a good breed. We al-
ways keep the Bronze, as they are large
and hardy, and their flesh has a fine
flavor. I think it is better to have the
tom and the hens about the same age,
but do not keep the tom until he gets
too large. Care is luck In the raising of
turkeys, as it is in everything else.
When the turkeys begin to lay early in
the spring, be careful and do not let
the eggs get chilled, and when you
place, where hy will be unditshii d.
When sitting time comes choose quiet
hens as sitters. It Is almost imperative
they they should be set in a place
where the other fowls will not bother
them, for if they are disturbed they
will not hatch as well as they would
if undisturbed. At hatching time we
always watch the hens very closely,
throwing out all the shells as the little
turkeys come out, and watching the
old hen to see that she does not mash
any of the young birds. I think it is
bhst to feed the old turkey on the nest,
and if she does not get too restless, let
her stay there for eighteen or twenty-
four hours, as the turks get strong
much faster when not disturbed. Have
a good pen prepared for the brood.
then when you take It off put some
good insect powder or a little fresh
lard on the old hen to kill the lice. We
make a pen about four by twelve feet,
with a good sized coop in one end for
them to roost in at night. Always
make the pen in a dry place, and al-
ways keep the coop dry. Never let the
Younn turka get wet, as there la noth-
ing so detrimental to their growth as
a wetting. I think it is best to keep the
turkeys In the pen for three or four
days, so when they are let out they will
be strong enough to follow the old tur-
key. For the first few weeks they
must be fed as much as six or eight
times a day. The young turkey's oiet
is one of the most important points for
a turkey-raiser to consider. This Ps
why so many people fail. They seem
to think that a turkey is as strong as
chicken and that It can live on a ltitte
corn meal or what it finds itself. But
the turk's digestive organs seem to be
the weakest parts about it and It must
have a variety. Probably the best food
for the first week or two is sour milk,
a very little cora meal, and what we
call turkey grass, chopped fine. After
this add a little more meal, onion tops,
dandelion leaves, or other green stuff.
When the turks get feathered you can
dispense with the green food, as they
will pick all they want, then feed more
meal and grain. If possible I like to
bare some small grain near the turkey
yard so when the grain is harvested
the turkeys can ramble over the field
and pick up the waste grain as well as
grasshoppers and other .insects. We
always feed our turkeys well from the
time they hatch until they are sold,
for If they cannot get enough to eat at
home they will go where they can get
Ii, and bealdca, sirloin one Umuch trou
ble will annoy the neighbors and some-
times be liable to come up missing.
When fattening time comes we feed
the turkeys as much grain as they will
eat besides plenty of sour milk and
pure water, We let the turkevy have
free access to the entire farm when fat-
tening. It takes a little more time and
grain than it does when they are shut
up in a close pen, but I think the meat
has a finer flavor and I am sure the
turkeys enjoy It much more. Turkeys
are generally from 7 to 8 cents a pound
here, and by taking DroDer care one
can realize a moderate pront from this
branch of the poultry busines&-Frank
Rickard in Prairie Farmer.
Grass the Cheapest 7ood.
A valuable experiment can be made
by anybody who will take time to do
so, by only confining a flock for a week
or two on a small grass-plot, in a
short time every blade of rass will be
gone and the plot will appear as if
burned over by fire. The birds will
then be constantly forcing their heads
___i_ __ __IIU
hatched chickens like these, but as I In the Brown Red Game, a type
was not where he could exercise his somewhat similar to the Black Red,
murderous instinct, and as the chick- but having more black in it, the chick-
ens developed into fine specimens of ens are largely black when first
the breed, I survived to tell the story, hatched, sometimes with a little tan
and. ie to De content with his really about the h8ad and eyes. They are
profitable purchase, never like the striped chickens of their
A Langshan breeder recently told me nearest type in adult plumage.
of a like experience with a customer. In Barred Plymouth Rocks, and in
He got a most vigorous letter of com- all fowls with a similar plumage, the
plaint, Decaute the ehlellone were n6t chickens dte black and white, or blacl
solid black in their down, but, upon and creamy white, similar to those of
explanation, the buyer concluded to the solid black varieties. Those which
await development, and in the end fur- are blackest in the 'down are, I think,
nished, with a confession of his ignor- generally pullets, but may grow in some
ance, a handsome testimonial to the instances to be very dark cockerels.
excellence of this breeder's stock. The chickens of the Light Brahma
Many such experience could be re- are creamy white all over, and ot the
lated, and every one of them could be Dark Brahma generally of a bluish-
avoided by a short description of the gray hue, with or without stripes.
appearance of the chicken. Beginners Those which I have bred-In the Ban-
cannot know what this appearance will tmlll folrm--Vwre of this bluish-gray
be, and should therefo-e be dealt with without stripes, and as I never bred
very tenderly, for in the end they may the large Dark Brahma, I feel a bit
become valuable additions to the ranks shaky on the description of its newly-
of rancelro. Hatched chict.
Without attempting to explain the In Golden and Silver-Penciled Ham-
appearance of all varieties of chickens burgs, we have a buff or whitish
through the wire to secure that on the
outside which they can reach. This
demonstrates that the birds not only
relish grass, but that they will eat
large quantities of it even when con-
fined and heavily fed on other foods.
At the same time, though eager to se-
cure grass, there may be an abundance
of grain in the space within which they
are confined, and they will not be con-
tent as long as the grass is within sight
of their yard. The fowls consume
grass when on the range, as well as
gravel, seeds, insects and waste ma-
terial, having the power of selection of
the kinds preferred, and they come up
at night with their crops full. It may
be claimed that as the hens on the
range are usually busily at work all
day the fill their crops several times,
ing the day to equal that coiitained If
the crops were filled several times.
This fact should impress upon farmers
the importance of avoiding the giving
of graiin or any carbonaceous food to
fowls that are on the range, as such
foods may make them too fat. It is
not economical to feed fowls in sum-
mer if there is an abundance of food
that they can otherwise secure; but
there are good ranges, and also ranges
that contain nothing, hence those who
keep poultry, must observe the condi-
tions and regulate the feeding of the
flocks accordingly. The object should
be to produce eggs at the least cost for
food and labor and to utilize the
natural conditions for securing a profit
as far as it is possible to do so. Grass
is the best and cheapest food that can
be used for all kinds of fowls.-Farm
The Color of the Chicks.
When a beginner purchases a setting
of eggs, he very often has no knowl-
edge of the 616el of the chickens which
will be hatched from those eggs. Fre-
quently he has the mistaken notion
that the color of the down will be that
of the adult fowl, and as this is rarely
the case, he frequently makes an ignor-
ant complaint that he has been im-
posed upon. It would save breeders
some annoyance and some correspond-
ence, if they would put into their cir-
oulcars a ishort paragraph deesrlptive of
the color of the chickens when first
hatched, and of the successive changes
in color during the growth from chick-
enhood to the full plumage of adult
I remember meeting a breeder, who
has since attained a solid reputation,
and of his telling me that the first In-
dian game chickens he ever had, which
were hatched from eggs he bought of
me, gave him a severe shock. He said
he felt like killing the man who would
take $6 for a setting of eggs that
- -- --- ---u~v -~---:~
when first hatched, certain observa-
tions can be made which may be profit-
able to beginners. The first one is that
in but few cases does the down of
the chick indicate the real color of the
adult fowl. In a few cases it bears
some resemblance to it. For example,
in white varieties the chickens are usu-
ally white or creamy white when first
hatched. But In White Plymouth
Rocks, some chickens will appear
sooty, or of a bluish or grayish color.
These chickens are almost invariably
the whitest plumaged birds of the
brood when they are matured. They
are usually free from the objectiona-
>l yellow. a tincao _hi-h it *la hreedl-
er's bafie in White varieties, and espe-
cially if these varieties have a yellow
skin and yellow legs. In buff varie-
ties, the newly hatched chicken is usu-
ally of a buff color, but sometimes
there may be black specks in the buff,
and occasionally in Buff Leghorns
chickens with stripes down their backs
are seen. In black varieties, the chick-
ens are almost invariably white and
black in color, and sometimes the white
largely predominates over the black.
The white will generally be found upon
the top of the head, upon the tips of
the wings and upon the breast and
lower parts. And these birds which
are largely white are frequently the
most lustrous green-black when in full
adult plumage, while a solid black or
nearly solid black chicken usually de-
velops into a dull black fowl, some-
times with more or less red in the
plumage. So much for the solid-color
In varieties of the black-red type of
coloration, like Brown Leghorns, Part-
ridge Cochins and Blackbreasted Red
games, the newly-hatched chicken has
usually a broad maroon stripe down
the back, with a narrower stripe on
each side, with a general brownish
tinge. In the Indian Game, a fowl of
thli type, it is not nleommon, in a u 1-
tion to chickens marked as above de-
scribed, to hatch others that are buff
in color, or buff with a few black
specks. So far as I have been able to
observe, these buff chickens have usu-
ally proved to be cockerels, and have
developed into birds of the most beau-
tiful plumage. In this breed I have
also observed a few instances of grizz-
ly brown and nearly solid black chick-
ens, but these instances have been
rare, and sucl chickens are not desira-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
ground color, almost invariably accom-
panied by black specks upon the head,
and frequently with black stripes,
rather short and not very pronounced
in color, down the back.
While I might extend these illustra-
tions, the above will show the great
dissimilarity in color of the down of
chickens and the feathers of the adult
fowls, and ought to prove a warning
to the beginner of the futility of ex-
pecting the chickens to look like the
fowls. A caution on one or two other
topics ought also to be given.
First, it is not to be forgotten that
nearly all black fowls, and some parti-
are very apt to show white feathers,
especially in the wings, in the first
plumage grown. As the chicken con-
tinues to develop, It moulds its first
coat gradually, replacing it with the
adult plumage. No specimen should be
condemned because of these white
chicken feathers, for in its adult plum-
age they may, and probably will, be
replaced by feathers of the correct col-
or. The specimen can be accurately
Judged only after it puts on Its sec-
Secondly, it should be remembered
that the color of the legs change as
the chicken devolpes. In yellow-leg-
ged varieties, if the newly-hatched
chicken has yellow shanks, there is a
probability that as an adult the legs
will be too pale in color, but if it has
willow shanks, or shanks marked with.
willow, green or black, as an adult its
chances or having a rich yellow leg will
be increased. And the reverse of this
change in color is seen, for sometimes
willow-legged varieties are hatched
with clear yellow legs, but as the de-
velopment proceeds, the yellow is re-
placed by the desired willow.
From all of which It will be seen, as
I have already stated, that the final
judgment on a specimen ought not to
be made until the specimen is ma-
tured, especially by one who Is not
familiar with the variety. But experi-
ence enables breeders to make some
very happy prognostications on even
the newly-hatched chicken. A con-
stant study of the variety enables them
to know how the best specimens ought
to look at every stage of development,
and they can see, by their mind's eye,
in the newly-hatched chick the beau-
ties of the adult fowl. And so they
can go on culling their lock with con-
fidence, being reasonably sure that the
best birds will not be killed off, but
will be allowed to develop as living
witnesses to their skill as breeders. The
beginner labors under a good many dif-
flcultieo but that need not worry him,
for he will not always be a beginner.
The most experienced and successful
veteran breeder was once even as he
is, subject to the same disabilities,
hampered by his want of knowledge,
and had to learn, little by little, the
sure way to success in handling his
chosen varieties.-H. 8. Babcock, in
A railroad meeting was held today
for the purpose of offering induce
ments to the Georgia Pine Railroad
Company to extend its line to Talla-
hassee. It was decided to offer the
company the right of way through
Leon county and terminal faeillties at
this point.-Tallahassee Correspondent
"Jimmy'a maun got gtrownea in ouP
"Goodess. Didn't be have his left hind
leg with himr'-Indifanapot Journal.
i2 'THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
"Cut the Stanmores! Pray, why
should we?" "'You do not mean to re-
ceive them on the footing you would
before their failure?" cried Mrs.
Blanche Redmond, aghast, beating her
tiny parasol impatiently against a foot
encased in a very delicate French
"I cannot really bring myself to
think any less of them," said Mrs. Mor-
daunt, quietly. "Mrs. Stanmore is
certainly a lady in every respect. I be-
lieve that even in her circumstances, as
you call it, she will really look more
elegant, upon her slender means, than
some who are the wives of millionaires,
Give her a little sunshine, a few flowers
and pictures and she will make a pre-
sentable home anywhere, and there is
Msa1y wit6 hlaes uenly eautey to Uaew
such a home!"
"Mrs. Mordaunt, I hope you are not
going to put the climax on your benevo-
lence by calling Molly Stanmore a
beauty-now, really, that would be too
bad," and the sparkling widow tossed
her head and glanced up with a vexed
sparkle In her eyes.
"I do not know of a woman who ap-
proaches the beau Ideal of perfection
more nearly than she. Don't you think
Mr. Henry a capable judge of such
Mrs. Blanche flushed from chin to
eyebrow. She looked up with a half
frown, the color fading almost instant-
ly as she cried, with hurried voice and
"Why. pray what did he ever say?"
Good breeding kept Mrs. Mordaunt's
politeness intact-nevertheless, she
found it difficult to restrain a smile at
her friend's eagerness.
"I do not feel quite at liberty to re-
peat all he said," she made quite re-
ply, "but he expressed the most re-
fined admiration of her person and
talents. Oh, by the way, I have his
last book-have you seen it?"
She arose to bring it from the libra-
ly. The little widow, unrestrained by
her presence, clenched the almost fairy
fingers around the ivory handle of her
parasol, frowning, and looking very
"I don't believe a word she says
about Mr. Hniry," ihc Ziiil, II& iA Sre
undertone; "that tall, common, dowdy-
lsh creature, and he!"
The face softened, the smile returned
as Mrs. Mordaunt entered with a
volume in blue and gilt.
The little lady expressed her admira-
tion very naturally, keeping her wicked
tactics sheathed in her heart for fu-
ture use; chatted a few moments long-
er and took her leave.
"I'm Oare if D16t1" Ui<' V It,
she said to herself, softly, and so it
proved. Mrs. Hazleton, who was near-
ly dying of ennui, welcomed ner dear
friend with a dozen graceful comple-
ments and, seated in her parlor, in the
midst of objects-which should at least,
by their beauty, have suggested purity
of character, proceeded to retail the
neighborhood gossip, among which the
Stanmores came in for a share of the
most heartless calumny.
"And I do believe after all, my dear
Mrs. Hasleton, that Mrs. Mordaunt is
going to do a very ridiculous thing,"
cried the little widow, twirling her
."Pray, what freak now?" was the
"Why, shell InVite the gtanmore-att
least Molly-she'll have her there in
some ridiculous old last year's dress.
I do believe the.woman thinks Molly
might have a rieff husband now."
"Invite the Stanmores! It would be
an insult to good society. Do you
tnink there's any truth in the report
that Mr. Henry was rather taken with
Miss Stanmore before this failure?"
"Not a word of truth!" cried the
A plain two-story house with nothing
of fashion or protection in it or its sur-
roundings-just a bit of gray brown
earth in front, too barren to sustain a
Blade 91 grae- an old horse s-hetnut
before the door, wooden steps, no
name or number-and here the Stan-
more lived. A .woeful descent, to
come from the splendor of brownstone.
silver plating, roosewood doors and
marble stepe. By the portals stood no
attentive servant; no dim, soft, aristo-
cratic atmosphere, duly brightened by
superb paintings or gleam of statuary,
greeted one's entrance-only a plain,
narrow entry, covered with cold, for-
bidding oilcloth, terminating in a gla ll
room, neat but not elegant.
Mary Stanmore was not likely to be
a dreamer's model Far from that she
looked as shesat to-day. It was a
good, pure, noble face that bent
thoughtful over her task as she said.-
"As for the marketing, mother, 1
think I shall do It myself."
"What do you know about it, my
dear?" asked her mother, unconscious-
ly ending the question with a sigh.
"Nothing at all, of course, but I shall
learn. I can price the different kinds
of meats and vegetables, and by a lit-
tle shrewd questioning find out the
best dealers. I'm sure I can save, for
when papa orders they are sure to
9=aa fr quat, Rand -d
"I'd rather have the best," sighed
"Very true, and so would I. mamma,
Just then the bell rang.
"Oh, mother, what shall we do? I
cannot see that woman." she whisDer-
ed. "Here comes Mrs. ilancle Ked-
mond, and she's here for no good."
In a few minutes the visitor came
sweeping into the room.
"My dear Mary," gushed Mrs. Red-
mond, "I am so much pleased to see
you and how well you are looking.'"
"Thank you. I did not know you
had any friendliness toward me," said
the straightforward Mary, and then
there was an awkward silence.
"Did you know Mrs. Mordaunt in-
tends issuing cards for a party?" asked
the widow, rustling her flounces.
"We are out of the world now,"
said Mary, significantly.
"Oh, you must not make a recluse of
yourself," cried the other with a smile,
under which Mary read feminine spite.
"I have no doubt but she will invite
you. In fact, I learned as much to-
Mary's cheeks reddened with anger,
but she was prevented from replying,
by another thrust, which, with all its
honey and glamor, was intended to
"Mr. Henry will be there-now don't
blush. I have it from his own lips
now very nlgniy he esieems you. Ij
all means go, my dear, if you are In-
A red spot burned on the cheek of
the high-bred girl-it was succeeded
by a deadly pallor. All the spirit in
her nature aroused to the fiercest re-
"Do my dear!" she continued. I'm
sure it must be a great trial to you to
give up all society, and an occasional
lirt laiu tr old circle will briigiilcu
your spirits wonderfully. I said as
much to Mrs. Mordaunt."
"Indeed! And advised her to notice
me-I mean include me in her invita-
tions?" retorted Mary.
"Well, I can't say but I do take a
little of the credit to myself," said the
wicked woman. "I really cannot bear
to see my old friends slighted," and
soon afterwards she took her leave.
A few minutes later the little maid
of all work announced Mrs. Mordaunt.
"My dear Mary," cried that good wo-
man, cordially, her face radiant despite
its dash of sympathy, "I hope you are
Mary laughed and kissed her friend.
"Ah sunshine and flowers! I knew
you'd have them both If you could get
them," cried Mrs. Mordaunt. "Mr.
Henry says-but, on second thought, I
shan't tell you."
Mary's face grew shadowed; the cold
reserve came back in spite of herself.
It could not rest there long, however,
thi sweet, gentle nature of her victor
"I've so much news to tell you. In
the first place, I've adopted a poet.
Whom do you think? Mr. Henry, of
course. He has carte blanche to call
me mother, to come to the house when
it suits him; in fact to make his home
there, if he will! In the next place,
that poor, little graceless WidOW, M"r.
Redmond, has fallen madly in love
with him, and--"
"She was here this morning," said
"She!" Mrs. Mordaunt lifted both
hands. "That creature! My dear, I
hope-but no. I'll not counsel rudeness.
Well, I'm astonished."
"I've made her my mortal enemy. I
expect," continued Mary, laughing at
her friend'n look of Ov>lio t tonieh-
"I was just going to add that she is
terribly jealous of me, old and a widow
though I am-quite old enough to be
Henry's mother. But to my purpose.
1 am going to give a dance. Will you
"No, indeed, dear Mrs. Mordaunt;
how can you ask me?"
"Because I want you; and, further. I
wish to see you independent of the
"But I have no desire-it would be
torture to me. No, I must not; don't
urge me. If you wished for aid, help
in any way, I might, perhaps; but to
go as though it were just the same,
that a' imnposaibleo you know."-
"Why impossible, exeO tallt you
will it so? I confess I have a reason
that will not allow me to let you off
As Mrs. Mordaunt was thus plead-
ing Mrs. Stanmore entered, and, find-
ing how matters stood, joined her en-
tPPaflti to tloel or liO flouna.
"I wish she would go," she said, with
a look of anxiety. "I think it would
do her good. I really do not see any
occasion for you to exclude yourself
entirely from society, so I will insist
that you go, my dear."
"And I will send my own carriage
for you," said Mrs. Mordaunt. Thus
pressed, Mary at last reluctantly con-
But she regretted it to the very hour
or her departure.
"Miss Stanmore," said a low voice
that thrilled her, though she repressed
the nervous start that had nearly be-
trayed her. She looked up, first catch-
ing the white gleam of the Widow Red-
mond's spiteful eyes. Mr. Henry stood
beside her, and there was no mistaking
the import of his glance.
It was whispered here and there that
the young author was exceedingly at-
tentive to Miss Stanmore, but nobody
dreamed of what was going on in one
dim corner of the conservatory. Mary
Stanmore stood there, with proud eyes
glistening through tears, but still she
shook her head with a decisive motion.
"Wiar moono on I amy to ryo?"
pleaded the young man. You are
convinced of my sincerity-I have
proved I am rich enough for both-I
have your father's consent. What
more can I say?"
She was silent. At her feet the bril-
liant petals of a summer rose lay, burn-
ing and dying, victims of her irresolu-
Did slip love this man? With the
Whole of tier loving ueart, &ui knew,
and yet pride, that fear, born of
treachery and neglect of which she had
experienced so much since the mis-
fortune that had fallen upon her
father, made her wilful even against
her better 'judgment.
"My stay in this country with my
widowed sister depends upon your
answer," at length he said slowly. "I
am willing to bide my time, only give
me hope. Upon what contingency
does my fate depend? Confide in me.
If it is only false pride, you sacrifice
two hearts and place an ocean between
An answer that he little expected
came, low and clear.
"Mr. Henry, I was 6nly spomolelss o-
cause I could not find words that
would express the gratitude I-"
"Not that-do not say gratitude," he
cried, bending over, his face glorious
with the light of happiness.
"Well, then-love; I--"
'That is all I want." he cried, lifting
her hand to his lips, then drawing it
murder his arm, they sauntered down
Half an hour later Mrs. Blanche Red-
*ond stood talking with the most bril-
liant man of her set.
"Mr. Henry, what do you think of
M t Stanm-nore's being here to-night?"
she asked, with a melting glance.
"Is it very singular?" he returned,
"Bad taste, very," continued the fair
widow, thinking herself sure of him;
"there are some circumstances which
TWO PHYSICIANS GAVE NO RELIEF
AND LITTLE ENCOURAGEMENT.
pittable Comndttio of an rllnUIs Gr
Who u rrtmatr Heard of a es-
eoy at the Iast Momest.
Pro tU Republican, A. Sterling, IL.
Thousands now enjoying good health and
immunity from the recVt of dalma arm
daily testifying, in private and in hundreds
of well-known newspapers, to the wonderful
curative properties of Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills for Pale People. The list of ease
grows with every day.
Mi Della Friday, ipley, is one of
those whose youth was clouded by impaired
health, a condition that has so often baled
science, and one that physicians look upon
with most apprehension. At the time the
hsI~al sai h".' b" o.n stont and health
leIs it was WAiitg- t sn P own story is
told in the following statement lately made
to a newspaper reporter:
"I was considered a healthy child and
everything pointed to my being a strong, vig-
orous woman. I had never been sik and
until about two years ago my health was
excellent. When I reached the age of 23 I
bamer i affiiO ritl errI oef stem.
ach trouble. I placed myself under the etu
of two well-known physicians who treated
me for a long time but that did me no good
and my condition became alarming. I had
palpitation of the heart and could not get
my breath except with great difficulty. I
could not sleep and my appetite was very
poor. My eondi-
tion became very
serious and I could
not walk. For
medtidel I could
K eighteen months I
find, until my
nerves were out of
condition and my
health no better.
I finally concluded
SI could not get
well and sat down
to await my te.
A friend o mine
Heip" Invald. Williams'Pink
Pills for Pale People to me. I had taken so
many different kinds of medicine that I had
no faith in anything, but I thought they
would do me no harm and purchased a box.
I took one box and they seemed to do me
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gan to improve at avery rapid rate. Finally
after I had taken nine boxes I was com-
pletely cured. I cannot say too much for
Dr. Williams' FPia PiFi I tf_ ".
grand medicine and I am pl sU to r)eom.
signedd) DbLLA FmIDAT.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this
l1th day of January, 1900.
THoMAs M. WALLACE,
For sale at druggits, or direct by mad
from Dr. Wiiams Medicine Co., Behenec-
tady, N. Y., ostpaid on receipt of price, 5
cents per box; 6 boxes, $2.0.
1IRtae RelUBlon from BWelety almost ims
'Name one of them," said the author.
"Why, a failure of that kind. I
called on the Stanmores yesterday.
You've no idea how dreadfully reduced
He bit his lips.
"I understand Miss Stanmore will
soon take her place in society again,"
he said, quietly.
"Indeed! How is that possible?"
"As my wife, madam!" and he bowed
and left her.-Waverly Magazine.
A slight attack of cramps may bring
oh Diarrhoea, which is in many cases,
followed by inflammation of the stom-
ach and other dangerous complaints.
All such disorders are dagr%6U8 and
should in their infancy be treated with
the best known remedy. The merits
of Pain-Killer are known and it is rec-
ognized as the standard specific for
cramps, diarrhoea, etc., Avoid substi-
tutes, there is but one Pain-Killer,
Perry Davie'. Price 25e. and 50c.
To build a barbed wire fence, you
need the Fence Builder advertised in
this paper by V. Schmelz, Sylvan
Lake, Florida. You save the cost of
it in one day's use. For unreeling wire
without carrying the spool and stretch-
ing, and for reeling wire quickly and
easily. One man does the work of foar
by the old method. It will last a life-
time. It stretches wire beyond the
last post and pushes the post against
brace. Adjustable to any position.
Weight only 30 pounds. Send for cir-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 418
The Arst of the Alexandra Trust din-
ing rooms, named after the Princess of
Wales, and for widsb ir Thoma LiJp-
too donated $500,000, was opened re-
cently. The meals cost from a half-
penny to four and a half pence, and
consist of hot oatmeal, soup, steak,
pudding, vegetables, and tea, coffee,
or cocoa. The arrangements in-
clude the sending of hot meals at a
half-penny a head to schools within a
radius of three miles. Another part of
the scheme is to provide hot-water
carts to convey meals to sick and bed-
ridden persons. The governors expect
a proat of three per cent. on the caDl-
tel Invested, which will be used in ex-
tending the work.
Since 1871 the population of the Ger-
man empire has increased from 40,000,-
000 to nearly 56,000,000, which is about
15,000,000 more than the United King-
dom and 17,000,000 more than France.
Emigration has now sunk to insignifl-
cant proportions, and the annual ex-
cess of births over deaths in Germany
is 850,000 as against 450,000 in the
United Kingdom and only 35,000 in
Frmoce. This stupendous contret be-
tween the fecundity of Germany and
France affords the dew to that change
of French foreign and military policy
t Whllh wae bans "aUtijly called at.
tention. It is essentially a question of
babies. One French baby cannot be
expected to fight 24 German babies, of
whom all the males become soldiers.
It Is safer therefore to challenge 12
British babies, of whom hardly any be.
come soldiers.-Natlonal Review.
The English peoDle think that tho
tropouwe noew nuneieainy woin Will tn-
able them to get the better of the
French, who, it is assumed, will accept
the coin as the equivalent of a franc.
At present, when John Bull visits
Paris, he frequently has to surrender
a shilling in exchange for articles the
value of which is a franc.
It is curious that while nearly all
the royal women of Europe are excel-
lent and picturesque horsewomen, few
of the reigning monarchs are even tol-
erably good riders. His crippled arm
partly excuses the German emperor's
pooP sat. THie MElg 8f Italy if fAnous
for his falls; the emperor of Russia
Is not an expert horseman; while the
kings of Sweden, Greece and Denmark
are seldom seen astride, and the king
of Portugal is too stout to enjoy riding.
Clinton, N. Y., furnishes good trap-
ping grounds for fur hunters. On and
near the premises of one residence in
Prospect street six large skunks were
recently killed. In fact, the whole vil-
lage seems to be overrun with the nui-
sance. Pedestrians avoid some streets
altogether in fear of meeting the odor-
ous noctural travelers. It has been
suggested that the village fathers offer
a bounty on every one killed. The skin
barfia a mood nurfe. and fiona who
care to make a little money could find
a chance in trapping.-Utica Observer.
Miss Electa E. Elliott, a prominent
young lady of Mayo, has been adjudged
insane and removed to the asylum.
Miss Elliott has always been a bright
girl, well educated, and very healthy.
Her hallucination Is that she Is very
wealthy, and to her imagination is dis
tributing her riches lavishly.
The origin of the name of Phoenix
Park has puzzled many scholars unac-
quainted with the Irish language. The
manor was called in the Irish vernacu-
lar Flonn-uisage, pronounced finniske,
which signifies clear or fair water, snd
which, articulated in the brief English
manner, exactly resembled the word
phoenix. The spring or well so called
from which the park derives Its name
still exists close to the Dublin entrance
of the viceregal lodge. It is situated
in a glen beside the lower lake and is
one of the romantic objects of the
The frigate bird far surpasses all
others in its powers of flight, inasmuch
T" SB t~ h brtaedlg mrsaso. It
seldom visits the land and is never seen
to swim or rest on the waters. An
American naturalist, Mr. Laneaster,
who spent several years in studying
the habits of this and other birds,
states that the frigate bird can live in
the air for a week at a time, night end
day, without once perching or resting.
He found these birds able with ease to
go 100 miles an hour. The albatross
hbs followed the course of a ship for
several days without being known to
take any rest. The swift is another
bird which is almost continually on the
wing and e10i settleH OB thfi gMfaBd
or on trees.
Arnold Feldstein was the head of a
great silk Importing firm of No. 41 Mer-
cer street. He had been in business
for years, and those with whom he
dealt, both here and in Europe, con-
sidered his credit practically unlimited.
Nearly a million dollars are supposed
to represent the losses he has met with
in the illusive game of roulette and the
equally illusive game with stocks in
The United State legation at Pekin,
China, has sent to the Essex Institute
or Inarswuadvcas Ban Aftnsfi OF!! f
tme imperial edict making a demigod of
General Frederick Townsend Ward, of
Salem, who was killed in the service of
China. General Ward was the creator
of the Chinese army, afterward com-
mlhnded by "Chinese" Gordon. The
document referred to is authenticated
with the seals of the Chinese and Am-
erican Governments, and is believed to
be the only copy in the original Chi-
nese to be found in this country, as the
State Department at Washington has
only an English translation thereof.
The City Council of Geneva, Switz-
erland, has passed a regulation intend-
ed to limit the nuiaance of factory
whistles and locomotive shrieks to a
minimum. Dog owners residing within
the city limits are required to keep
their pets kenneled at night, and the
notturnas, or night-ringing of convent
bells, has been abolished altogether.
Several New York wedding Invita-
tions this spring instead of being en-
graved, as we are used to seeing them,
have every word in manuscript, and
written by the bride herself. This is
not true, of course, of very ceremoni-
0310 ~ ~ ~~OO ~flO
pm8 afflansj ],t wiss? ta simaRS
takes place at the bride's home and
where in all respects the balance! of
good taste, rather than pomp and cir-
cumstance, is preserved, the autograph
invitation, though in the formal third
person, seems to be the thing.
Liberia, having obtained an income
from royalties paid by the English rub-
ber syndicate, is now again paying in-
terest on her debt of $500,000, on which
she defaulted twenty-five years ago.
The arrears of interest have been
cleared off by an agreement of the
creditors to receive $75,000 as payment
In full of all back interest.
A Thracian triumphal car has been
dug up on the slope of Mount Rhodo-
pus, near Philipopolis, in Bulgaria. All
the metallic fittings of the chariot, in-
cluding bronze decorative figures, were
found, together with human remains.
The oar belongs to the fourth century
It has been calculated that a mini-
mum pressure of the finger of one-
quarter of a pound is needed to sound
a note on the piano, and that at times
a foroa of fivo uonrla it thrown Mo a
hi1ilo raO to pVi'6dW6 a sit ffa tffto,
Chopin's last study in C minor has a
passage taking two minutes five sec-
onds to play that requires a total pres-
sure estimated at three full tons.
Thursday morning, residents near
the city wharf were startled by hear-
ing a child's screams for help, and, on
rushing out to the end of the wharf,
found Ralph Bowyer, the 9-year-old
son of F. E. C. By. agent, L. C. Bow-
yer just being brought out of the water
by Dr. Houghton, who, being on the
"Dentos," and the nearest to the end
of the wharf, had arrived there first,
and regardless of his clothes and a
$400 choronometer, had at once
jumped in as the boy went down for
the last time, and succeeded In getting
the.lad and putting him on a sail boat
that was on the north side of the
Tuesday, Frank Reddick, fireman
at Bunnell's mill, was terribly scalded
by the explosion of the boiler, from
the effects of which he died that even-
ing. He was brought to Daytona, and
the best medical aid secured, but his
wounds were too serious for him to
recover. He was a member of the
ai9,g SWTS A W, UUIT
or muu forage ndu wirll md you
**Staby ~ enr, C.O.D. eubeetto x
Mamu T elation estatyor
S expr office and if fofu bnd erfectUy ao
I IOMyyourp agent r eItmat
facor and, e qualno hm eaiprIs Fear
TIo[ ILe n ar I f or boj to
S Madewh, rth aiMmgiJ im -,
esn e hoer pl etion. us d
nne itanan uuf,lSees.
IS TUKB8, wilt fo 1Je Seek V SR. eontadin fai
EAyR- ROEBUCK & CO. (Inc.), Chie, IL
(easco, _Ssh Xr A Ce anboO.tD
n2.75 BOX an RAIN tCOAT.
SIMP ia SM-WT $2.75
SEND NO MONEY. Cut 0t at
Sand mend to s
tts y.ralm W s u..IM. ste.
uhel arud "l at emso, taever
oiam dsou.e 'a a. -'I
Swe will mend you thiscotb eapre
C.O.e., object ianteadim sa,
Samine and ry t ne tt ymtr eara
Se-pA offi, --d m U 1 -
Dei --o Wa doube M
v^^^^ elvet clirl 1 I I^ -ty -k
wterroef em owed u, a let
both .i r OMnut, ad snU
mlml'1 a mmmi yeA ma>. by u or
any other hous rer rIe Cik Sbpr
of Men's Mackdntoses Up to .
and Made-toMeareSunltsnd Over
FlUla ete 8ruS S fo Soma. SoI &A itr
Ao. ROE BUCmK Co. (ine.) CHICAQOb
R ObwBUCK81 & 4.1111"CICCO
Halifax Rifles, and they took charge of
the funeral, burying him with military
honors. A short service was conducted
by Rev. C. E. Bingham at the Armory
after which the company formed in
platoons on bicycles, carrying their
guns, escorting the body to Pine Wood
Cemetery, where a military salute was
fired over the open grave of their
comrade. His untimely death is to be
greatly regretted.-Daytona Gazette-
414 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
One of the duties of the next Legis-
lature of the State will be to re-dis-
trict Florida into new Congressional
district, creating a third district After
1901 Florida will be entitled to three
Congressmen; she already has the re-
quisite number of inhabitants, but it
must become a matter of record from
the census now being taken, and the
State re-districted by the Legislature.
Twenty-five feet or water to the
wharves of Tampa Is an object toward
which the combined commercial inter-
ests of Tampa have now pledged them-
selves. The work calls for much ef-
fort and untiring exertion, but the bus-
iness men of the city have become
thoroughly aroused to the imperative
necessity of deep water and lots of it,
and thaer pr t to Ugo orgffniod of-
forts to get it
The West Florida Summer Training
School for white and colored teachers,
in separate departments, has been an-
nounced for Chipley, and will begin
June 25th, a strong faculty. We hope
to see a large attendance.-Chipley
John Tindall, hearing an unusual
noise in the direction of Mose Tindall's
cow pen one day last week, discovered
it to come from a large alligator, which
had made its way into the enclosure.
Getting a gun John, with a well aimed
shot soon had the monster lifeless in
the pen. It measured exactly eleven
and a half feet, which is an extremely
o*f g..o 2L-? -1fte .o many years of
continuous hunting, the big fellows
naturally being more easily discovered
than the smaller ones.-Kissimmee
At Key West a few-days ago the pur-
chaser of a package of biscuit fund in
it a pair of lady's gloves, some jewelry,
a pocketbook containing $10 and the
card of the owner. The buyer returned
the articles to the grocer, who in turn
inquired of the cracker company, and
the loser is in a fair way of getting
back her Droperty. It is supposed that
the things belong to an employee of the
cracker company, and they were inad-
vertently enclosed and shipped.-Bar-
A stock company composed of the
business men of Wauchula has been
formed and will build at once a hotel
and several cottages for rent. The
company will also look after the sani-
tary condition of the town, and al-
ready has a force of men at work on
the sewerage. Having shown their
faith in the future of their town, and
having the requisite enterprise, backed
by ample means, Wauchnule i crnoming
to the front at a rate never before at-
tained in its history.
Randolph Epps, of Jefferson county,
one of the largest planters in the State
of Florida, is in the city. Last year
his crops of cotton and corn produced
him $120,000 net.-T.-U. & C.
Ex-Senator J. N. Hooker, of Bartow,
has just sold for himself and others
579 g1resl Of fne phosphate lands to
Boston parties. This tract of land has
been pitted, and sample rock from each
pit analysed, which shows an excellent
grade and a heavy deposit. A new
phosphate plant will be erected on this
property at an early date.
During the past week five carloads of
pineapples were shipped from Punta
Golla. They, like those on the cast
coast, came from the islands. They
are of the Red Spanish variety. One
man says he will ship through here
20,000 crates this summer.
Kfter several months of discussion,
the County Commissioners of Monroe
county, at their last meeting, decided
to build a new school house and a new
armory at Key West, to cost not more
than $20,000 each. Both buildings are
to be of brick, with stone trimmings,
with all modern conveniences suitable
for this climate. A committee, com-
posed of Chairman J. R. Curry and
S. A. Walker and Charles Fosberg, was
selected to select a site for these build-
ings, and ascertain the cost of such
property and report at the next meet-
r hair a week longer than
Syou wish. There's no
guesswork about this;
it's sure every time.
Gray hair U
Afte r 11A8
using it v t i1
The Great Througn Car Line From Florida.
THE ATLANTIC (OAST LINE, via Charles on,
To The Richmond and Washington.
THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co-
lumbia and Washington.
via All Ball
T The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga.
To The The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Asheville.
WThs MrW8 i; 9Ohi- R- 1. vi' Montgomery.
Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for New
To The York, Philadelphia and Boston.
E s Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta-
tion Company for Baltimore.
aei *m4kal> -
or three weeks notice how .
much younger you ap- To KEY WEST Via PORT TAMPA and
pear, ten years younger AND
at least. PLANT STEAlSHIP LINE.
Ayer's Hair Vigor also HAVANA PLANT STEAL IP LINE.
cures dandruff, prevents NOVA SCOTIA,
falling of the hair, makes CAPE TON ia oston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
hair grow, and is a splen- STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkeibury
did hair 8,reasgin, p* -gl a g uaotoBtown.
It cannot help but do ISLAND....
these things, for it's.a
:< d W^nS.he : Summer Excursion Tickets
is well fed, it cannot help
but grow. to all Summer Resorts will b e placed on sale Jore Tt.
It makes the scalp
healthy and this cures The pLANT SYSTEM Is theonly Line from Florida with Through Sle.ping-Car
the disease that causes Service to the Sommer Rsorts of
dandruff. WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA and
$1.00abottle. All druggit.. THE MOUNTAINS OF VIRGINIA.
SMy fair eaomring ot baIdl ,
aingand has mai e my v r atp very For information as to rates, sleeping-car services, reservations,- etc., write to
thick and much darker than before. E. L. POWE. Agent, DeLand, Fla.
I think there is nothing like it forAgent, eLand a.
the hair." CoA M. LEA, F. M. JOLLY, Div vision Passenger Agent.
April 25,1899. Yarrorw,. T. 138 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
S WRRe the Deaoto. STUART R. KNOTT, Vice-President, W. B. DENITAM, Gen. Supt.,,
tyse I8 net aitfl anll tile iouen Savannah, Ga. Savannah, Ga.
yo desire from the use of the Vigor, 1. W. WRENN. Passenger Traffic Man Savannah, Ga.
write the doctor about it. A,!dress,
Da. C. ATER, mowell, Mau.
dredge. The great waterspouts thrown The East Coast engines are all being
tip by the dynamite make a speCtale changed to coal burners and the com-
that attracts many people to a place pany are having coal bins erected at
where it can be safely looked upon. various places along the line. A very
The January term of the upme It has just been learned in Marin.ma large bin is being put up in this city
Court of .lhrlt I t.w (ti1, lledall thi' ihlat Valhin;eton county ha biad s-but nrhd' [li maln trbck between 10th and
criminal cases docketed for the term $2,0(00 worth of school scrip stolen and lth streets.-Miami Metropolis
have been disposed of. The June term presented and paid by the bank of W. We are authorized to state that Dr. 8.
was opened todny, all the justices he- J. Daniels & Co.. of that place. Stringer will be a candidate before the
ing present. The matter of the Hollander Line of Senatorial primary called for the 18th
Letters patent have been issued by steamers between Tampa and New of August next. If the sentiment of
the Seerntary of State for the incorpor- York is taking a more definite shape. or people was expressed at the recent
action of the Florida Grocery Company, Recently Agent F. C. Bowyer an untonen n a w the Sen-
with a capital of $100,000, located at nounced that practical arrangements ctoriul delegates were chosen, Dr.
.Jacksonville. This company will deal had been made, and that the servicee trin er is the choice of the Democrats
I go nurlrl !4nei'handise, ntaal stores, was albot assured. As an evidence of of Hernando county, and after due de-
re:l e.s-te, etc., in Floridl and in other this he his alrIdy e ontra liberation he has decided to t his
States and Territories. The incorpor- with the West Coast Naval Stores Con- claim to the people of this district-
ator.i are C. Downing, William A. Gal- pany to carry a cargo of 2,500 barrels Brooksville Star.
laher. W. C. Powell, John R. Young of naval stores to New York. The
anl Bernice F. Bullard. steamship Orion will call ai Tampa
New and improved machinery and for this cargo, as well as other .:oods CATARRH CANNOT BE CURED.
circular saws have been put in at the that will be collected by the 15th inst. with LOCAL APPLICATIONS, as
Childers Company's sawmill plant on The Galuesville City Council has ar- they cannot reach the seat of the dis-
the w,'lis f Pfe;ce tcrevei, anJl the con- ranged for making the first payment on ease. Catarrh is a blood or constitu-
pany is engaged in getting out oak. cy- the purchase of the gas plant. The tonal disease, and iti order to oure it
press. guiln and other hardwoods from plant is now the property of the c'ty. you must take the internal remedies.
the sw:.nmp on the borders of the creek, and a payment of $5,000 has been or- Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internal-
They will turn out shingles and lumnlur dered. While the council has given out ly, and acts directly on the blood and
suitable for furniture, for which te h.re no d(finuir information regartdng the mucous surfaces. Hall's Catarrh Cure
is a bl dtlnlndl. Mr. Johnt FI M1arshi. InutteU, 1i is tOe gener.il opinion that is not a quack-medicine. It was pre-
late of Alabama, is managing the .ww- the plant will be added to, and in time scribed by one of the beet physielans
mill plant in the interests of the Child- the electric .light plant placed there. in this country for years, and is a reg
ers Company.-Ft. Meade Cor. T.-U. & The bill before Congress setting aside uar prescription. It is composed of
C. the best tonics known, combined with
C.$50,000 for dredging and sluicing Cum- the best blood purifers, acting direct-
One of the five dredges at work on berlmud Sound tr.r has been passed and ly on the mucous surfaces. The per-
the new Hillsboro bay channel has is now available. It is the general opin- feet combination of the two ingred-
almost reached tile mouth of the river, ion t~it a depth of 20 feet can be ob- ents is what produces wonderful re
'he machines are all going night and rained as soon as the dredge can give; sults in curing Catarrh. Send for tes-
day and making wonderful progress. a few months' work and that this timonials free.
Some of them have no longer the easy depthl can be maintained until the comn- F. J. CHENEY & CO.,
time at tirst experienced. Rock has plct:ou of the jetty system. which will i Proprs., Toledo, Ohio.
heen struck in some places, and blast- renell'r this dcpth permanent.-Fen'ua- I Sold by all druggists, price 75c.
ing goes on all day, just ahead of the din u, lMior. Hall's Family Pills are the best.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 41
WITH THE JOXEB.
SIDE LIGHTS ON HISTORY.
"Crossed in love!" exclaimed Lear
4er, as he looked back at the Helles
pont, shook the water from his hai
and made a bee line for Hero.-Chl
HE THOUGHT NOT.
"Our defeats," said the Briton, "wer
largely due to red tape."
"Red tape?" said the Boer prisoner
Innocently. "I don't think we've bee]
Palmist-Your hand shows me tha
you have had a fight this morning.
Visitor-You could tell it quicker b'
the other fellow's eye.-Baltimore Am
The surgeon examined the injury
laid aside his instruments and called
for some bandages.
"It is only a slight flesh wound," hb
said. "If the bullet bad gone an inci
to the left it would have severed al
artery, in which event I could hav
used my new appliances for the tak
ing up of lacerated blood vessels. I
would have been a beautiful case," h
added, with a sigh of mild disappoint
The British. you understand, alway;
advanced with the sword in one hliin
and the Bible in the other.
Hence the scandal in the war office
when it is discovered that the troop;
at the front are being supplied with ai
archaic edition of the Scriptures.
The country clamors onilously and
parliamentary Inquiry impends.--Puck
THE CLOCK AND THE CAR.
"Is that clock right?" he asked aftei
It had struck 11.
"Why?" she answered.
"Because if it is, I shall have plenty
of time to catch the 11:30 car."
"I remember now," she said, "thai
the clock is about 20 minutes slow
If you hurry you will jqst4 about catct
During the 20 minutes that he stood
on the corner he arrived at the painful
conclusion that she didn't really lov
him as he longed to be loved.-Chi-
WHICH MAKE IS BEST.
Beanwear-The British may be blav.
ing the best of it just now, but I no
twice the Boers captured 200 wagons
just the same.
Brittan--True, and I'll bet that's par
of Roberts' strategy. Wouldn't be
surprised if those wagons were full of
bicycles of different makes, which the
Boers were allowed to capture, so as
to create dissensions in their rtaks.-
The girl in the golf cape turned part-
ly around to scrutinize the attire of
of the girl in the fur jacket, and in
consequence she slipped and fell on the
Meanwhile the girl in the fur Jacket
"That wouldn't have happened if
she'd had a little more rubber on her
heels and a little less in her neck," she
are noted for hanging on.
They weaken your throat
and lungs, and lead to
Don't trifle with them.
Take Scott's Emulsion at
once. It soothes, heals,
50c.and $. AUdrahlistsh ..
"But," we assured him solemnly, "to
receive proper consideration, you do
I- not owe enough."
- "I owe," he retorted, "all that any
r, of my friends can afford."
i- We saw that there was inevitable
limits even to popularity, and, with-
drawing, wept copiously.-New York
S Mesheck-You must come up to my
n place some evening and try one of my
Yawner-Thanks, but I don't smoke.
"Well, come up on Thursday and
t have a glass of wine with me."
"Thanks, I never drink."
y "Himmel! Then come up and see me
- every evening."-Life.
AGAIN THE WORM TURNS.
"I suppose," said Mrs. Vick-Senn,
, her voice rising to a shrill falsetto,
S"you would justify the use of the dum-
dum bullets in that war down there in
e Africa. It would be just like you!"
h "I'd as lief be dumdumbed to death,"
n replied her long-suffering husband, "as
e to be talk-talked to death."-Chicago
e LIKELY TO BE AN ACQUISITION.
"Who are these new people that are
moving into the house next door?"
"I don't know, but I am sure we
shall get along splendidly with them.
s They linve jdst unloaded a wheelban
row and a lawn mower."-Chicago Tri-
S ON A LARGE SCALE.
First Foreigner-To get in with the
a Ameridans one has merely to join d
Second Foreigner-Did you do that?
"Did I? Why, I belonged to a doz-
THE KILLING PART.
This is the Greater New York, un-
The beautiful child shrieked and
Struggled in the arms of the tall, dark
SFor she was convinced by the man's
I height and complexion that she was
"The notoriety will kill me!" she pro-
And even as she spoke reporters of
the great metropolitan newspapers
Should be seen rapidly converging from
Small directions.-Chicago Tribune.
CLEARED UP ALL DOUBT.
t The rich, talented, handsome stran-
ger prostrates himself at the feet of
the beautiful cashier in the laundry.
"Be mine!" he implores.
S"Am I dreaming?" the young girl
Sasks herself anxiously.
She has not long to remain in doubt.
For she presently spurns the rich; tal-
ented, handsome stranger and marries
the bow-legged boilermaker to whom
she had lighted her troth.
This. of course, makes it a cinch that
she is dreaming.
"What I want to see, remarked the
man of theories, "is an equal distribu-
tion of wealth."
"That's exactly what I want to see,"
answered the n*an with so much mon.
ey that he could never find time to
"Did you ever meet my partner In
business? He's a fine man. I would
like to see all the wealth in existence
divided so that he'll have one-half and
I the other."-Washington Star.
HER FLEETING REGRET.
"Don't bother, Henry, because I
won't marry you," said she. "There
are just as good fish in the sea as
ever was caught."
"Better," said he shortly, as he rose
to depart, and for once she wished
she had consented to marry him so
I that she might make him suffer for his
horrid remark.-Harper's Bazar.
Florida ER at Coast Ry.
TIME TABLE NO. T2. IN EFFECT JUNE 28. 1900.
BOUTH BOUND (Bead Down.) (Bead Up) NORTH BOUND.
No.W8 No.36 No.78 No.a2
S Daily Daily STATIONS. Daily Dal
SM 5p 10 iOIaL........ Jacksonville.......Ar OpOl
Sl 16 plll Ar....... St. Aungtine.......Lv 6p 90
52 0 1p54llLv...... St.Augustine .......Ar 1p 01a .
Sipll4ba ..........HaB ngs ..........L..... 8
6 12p120pp Ar........ stPalatka ........ 88 0
6i 1280p A........... Palatka......... Lv 74
o 550p1 1t40aLv ........... Palatka ...... Ar 5p 83 11
7 25p ......A........SanMateo............Lv ..Ie 6a W
S ..... 6 ao LT......... San Matseo..........Ar T p ..h f
Er 4 g i 2 6 Lv....... EastPalatka.........Ar op 8 'a
7 42p 1p ........ ...Ormond..........Lv 4 ..
S7 P 1. ........... ....... ...... t 3
S0p 1p ..........PortOrange.........." 1p 6a ..
p 21p ........New ........ 0
S...... 80p .......... O ak ls ........... I ...... o
.. I. 830p ...........ts. ucle..........." 1 ap......
S ...... p .......... .......... .p
. 40pb ...... li .
e ...... 4 ..........Melbourne ......... 1 ......
to 5o O .p ........... oeland............ l 0
-... 0 ......... Sebatian .........." 12iP .....
S ...... 558p ......... St. Luci .........." 118 r 8 .
S6p 8 .........Fort Pierce........." 12na ......
S ...... 627p ........... Tibbals..........." 11 ae ...... -
S... den...... .... 110 5 ..
S...... 68p ............ Jenaen ...........l. 1 a ..1 .
I o rp" .. St t .... J en a........... 11 5 ......
...... 715p .........Hobe oBand......... 1014% ......
...... 78 ........West Jupiter........ 100 ..
Se ... p .....W es. Palm Beach ...... ......
4 ...... 8 p ......... Boynton .........." 9 0 ......
8....... 8 ............ Deray ........... 8 0 ......
2 o ...... ...Fort Lauderdal e..... o.. 80 ......
...... 100 7p ...........LemonCty........." 72 ......
S...... I0 1phAr......... ia ....i.......Lv 7 ......
Buffett Parlor Cars on Trains 35 and 78.
Between Jaokasoville, Pablo Beamh ad Mnayort.
No 15 No.17 No.19 N'1 No.281No. iD No.Zi. og. I
STATIONS. Daily Da5ly Daiy dIl Sun Su unSn lsail
ex Sume Suex u o nly only only JD _l_
Lv. Jacksonville ................... ... 7 lO n dOp 00pl 10p 0 OOplO .. ..
Ar. Pablo Beach....... ............. .... 74 5 26p 736p 11Spl. p o. 2Sp 7ap 1ee......
" ayport . ................. .. .... 800p1140pl0 S ...... ..... .
SN.16 No.18 No .2No.2m No.a4No.N No.2 lNo30 .
STATIONS Daily Daily DaEily Sun NISun Sun Sun
ex S exi exSuexSu only only only I ly
Lv. Mayor ............... .. ...... o . .....
Pablo Beach ..6..a 8. lO 5p 925p 8X611l28a 26 93 SOp
Ar. Jacksonville. ...... ........... ... ...6 "0a 8 ia 86 60lO I1 8856
Between New Smyrna and Orange Between Titrusillo and SI tferd.
City Junotion. No.11 STATIONS. No
No.3. INo.l. STATIONS. No.2 No.4. 7 L........... Titusville ..........
3 104ia [Lv..New Smyrna..Ar 20I p 6 p 7 18 .......... Mi............. L
40Bpll51a Lake Helen..Lv 120p 506p 828 ............tee.......... "
420p1209p1 ..Orange City.. llop 44p 8a ..........Eterpris......... "U .
425p11215uAr.OrangeC'y Jet. 1065pj4401p aAr ........... afo:: ::: ........... U00
All trains Ietween New myrna and Orange All trains between Titusville and 8anford
City Junc ion daily excet Sunday. daily except Sunday.
Steamship Connections at Miami.
KEY WEST LINE. -
Leave Miami Sundays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays .........................1100p. m.
Leave Key West Thursdays and Sundays....................................... 20 p. m.
Arrive Miami Fridays and Mondays............................................. 520 a. m.
HAVANA LINE. -
SOUTHBOUND STEAMERS TOUCH AT KEY WEST; NORTHBOUND SAIL
DIRECT, HAVANA TO MIAML
Leave Miami Sundays and Wednesdays. .............. ........................ 110 p. m.
Arrive Havana Tuesdays and Fridays................................................. :0 a. m.
Leave Havana Tuesdays and Fridays .................................................. 1100a. m.
Arrive Miami Wednesdays and Saturdays............................................... 500 a. m.
These Time Tables show the times at which trains may be expected to arrive and depart
from the several stations, but their arrival or departure at the times stated is not guaran-
teed, nor does the Company hold itself responsible for any delay or any consequences aria-
For copy ot cal time card address
J. P. BECKWUE Traffic Manager. St. Augustine. . BANB, A. P. A.
8END-U" ONE DOLLAR
Cat tJi sat lad lad gas -ith SU1.OA -ai w Im l U W
11ROYSD ACU 7A5l3 rAiM OMUI, by=elghit. 6.0., Useet
e.aslm You can examine it at yournearest freight dp.
and if you find it exactly a raismeeatedequal to organs that
retail at T&6.05 to $100., the greatest value youever saw and
far better than organs dvertised y other at more money,
thb. freight agent our speeal l5 da4y' so pr09, 3 1.75
les the .00, or e. 1, and freight harge
$31.75 IS OUR SPECIAL 90 DAYS' PRICE --".
ed by others. Such la ofer was mever mad4e be the.
THE ACME QUEAN I one of the st3iD A I wZD 5IR2
ru,;u niltrMeut ereCmade. From the illusttion shown, whieh
is engraved direct from a phtogahihJou an formsomeide9deti
beautiful appearance.a ae a miM quarter awed
oak, antique finih, handsomely decrtedmanornm ented,
latest 1Ss9 style. TuH AC3 l eitfit inches high,
t inches long, 3 inches wide and weighs pounds. Con-
tains octavels 8t stop, a follow: .lam.. ralpl,
limdsa, leidia 1ete, crems, am Tre ble
Couple Dp.iaa W'tse TeVx sun=" 2 esla"ata S5
lTSw .11, IGra Cl0 M, Oeg ouI, B4f OoMsft. Tie"
ea.eMius tope Qulity rtet a a emt eim lInt" Ce Sadia
oeeds, I oer$I Ckmsl"g erL W I set of
24 Iske&.U eaSw soot Disses 1 l tr clr4 easis
ait Mlladles PrieIpi Red. THE ACE rEN c M-
ion consist of the celebratedewnll swlcha .oyi
used in the highest grade instruments; aed with
used Cpeepis ud Tox ums, also best Dolge felt,
leathers, etc., bllows of the best rubbercloth, f 7
bellos stock and finest leather in vvI. TE
ACME QUEEN is fur-'shed with a n LU belved
plate French mirror, nickel plated pedal frra
and every modern improvement. W fih bls Ima-
eu "Ira .81a"te -t-ll T & 'I** .... C |l
GUARANTEED 25 YEARS a'th eeyA
issae written binding -year g ntee, byte
terms and conditions whieh itfar Prt ve out
we repair it free of eare. Try it e month and
.s will refund your money if you are ot perfectly
saiasfled. 5o of these organs will be sold t.1 IL
OPIER AT ONCE. ItON'T ElA.Y.
OlR RELIABILITY IS ESTABUSHED y eon
ot de~.t with us ask your neighbor about 5a.write
the iblirher of this paperor Metropolitan National
Bank, or Crn Exchange Xa' Bank, Chicago; or German Exchange
company In "hioago. We a. ase m al srg ls,$.es oeus
Chicago, an mploy nearly 00 people In our own building. I
mad api also erything in mdsal iitui nt at lowest wholeia
and musical instrument -caalg. Ad(Scaw
*EARS.-ROEPUCi1& 00.(M). FOl rM.D lblo
IHOW TO GET A TON OF FERTILIZE
FOR $2.00 .
Every Thirtieth person remitting $2.oo for a year's subscription will be given an order for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired . . .
HOW TO DO IT.
Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. O. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for one
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
.1............................9..o multiple of 30, as 60, 90, 300, etc., you can order a
rlessrs. E. O. PAINTER & CO., ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist, Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
DeLand, Fa. ist at the regular price of $2 per year and have one
Gentlemen-Please find enclosed $2.00 for one year's sub- han in in a ton hih ra fili
scription to the Florida Agriculturist to -begin at once. It chance in 30 of getting a ton of igh grade fertilizer
Is understood that should the number of my receipt be 30 beside. This may be YOUR opportunity.
or Lany multiple of that number, I can order a ton of any
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. cars at Jacksonville, Fla., without further expense E PA T & C
to me. AIN & C
Shipping Point .......................................... .
P. O. Address.............................................. Publishers,
Note-If the station to which the fertilizer is to be shipped i a D LAND, FLORIDA.
..prepay," amount of iroght must be forwarded with instructions. E LA A.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"THE IDlIA T," BRANDS-
0, HAVEE THESE. "#^
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following p ices.
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................ $3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.oo per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... 28,oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE.................$30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE...........$3o.oo00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER..................$2o.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .TZRR COMPANY,
PI*gs Foot Brand Blood and Bone. $17.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertllizer, $44.00 per teo
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.