The Florida agriculturist
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00025
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: June 20, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00025
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text

Vol. XXVII, No. 25. Whole No. 1377. DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, June 20, 1900. $2 per Annum, in Advance

Zybridising PnappleS. of iron," which is poisonous to the
Editor Florida Agriculturist: roots of the higher order of plants.
Answering M. W., In regard to hy- It is idle talk for any one to tell me
bridizing the pineapple, will try to give of curing a tree of blight, or of die-
an Intelligent reply: back, by any spraying or other treat-
It s often said "the pineapple never ment without first removing the cause.
has any seeds." I have examined them In January, 1899, I was in lower Mex-
often and found none; again I have ice and visited that noted section, the
found the apple ull of seeds. With- Isthmus of Tehuantepec. I found
out being fertilized one apple with an- there many families of the citrus fruits
other, I do not believe they have seeds growing wild in the forests. As I went
I once saw the late A. I. Bidwell-wlth there to look after the orange indus-
a Black Jamaica apple on a smooth try and make a report my research
Cayenne plant; he had fertllied the was a very careful one. I found a
Cayenne wit the ack J es ad number of trees at an old Indian town,
Cayenne with the Black Jamaica andat some time been
planted the seed, getting as a result an plachel, that had at some time been
apple very similar to the lack Ja- plated with sor oranges and two va-
mrieties of lemons. Up the Coataacoal-
smooth Cayenne nt, (whihh p s s its acos river I was shown quite a grove of
smooth Cayenne l without swhines. The trees that were mostly sour; they were
name impies, is without spines. The large and looked to be very old; I
.pineapple is one of the earliest plants could not say how long since they were
to hybridie of my acquaintance, planted. The fruit was mostly gone,
James Mott. and except that it was very ripe, was
good (the season Ih that section Is sev-
... 4 A, E eral months i advance of ours here).
Editor Florida Agriculturist. My guide told me that the crop that
I note the clipping from Florida had been gathered was 3,000 and 4,000
State Bulletin No. 3 on blight. oranges to the tree. I saw no evidence
I was at the meeting of our State anywhere of any kind of culture. I
Horticultural Sodety at the time that saw no plow in all that section, and as
important question mentioned came up. there are none used there those trees
I also remember that our government were never plowed. Coffee was grow-
sent scientists down here to try and Ing under those trees, and I also saw
help us out at the time. I did not be- it growing under heavy timber 1,000
lieve the Department had a man in the miles farther north. I was told coffee
service who it was likely knew as was always grown under some kind of
much of the diseases of the citrus as live shade. I saw it growing in see-
some of our own brainy men who have tions where there was no timber, and
spent their lives in the orange indus- bananas were planted for shade.
try in Florida. James Mott.
I never had any of this so-called Myers, June 10.
blight on any of my grounds, but 1
looked into It not a little from the time The Velvet San.
of that meeting till I became satUfied Editor Florida Agriculturist.
there was little to fear from it; that it Yes, we raise them and feed on them
was all In the man who plants in our too, but have only been doing so for a
often peculiar soi, and the orange tree few years; and we are so pleased with
was not to blame for its bad behavior. them that we shall likely continue the
Above Cocoa I found a grove that use always.
was planted on pretty high land un- This bean has one virtue superior to
derlaid with rock. Some two acres f anything in the line of a seed that ever
trees had died out with "dry wilt" (the ew oat of the earth-it does not rot.
lIga.g- Down at Ro eege I seunB o at least it seems tiat way. we
sme trees badly acted (not quite have the matured pods, plenty of them,
dead yet) on land thatwas also under- scattered about over the patches and
lid with ro n the ase f the lying in piles around the place, which
dead trees. They had been lowed, have been exposed through the past
and roots as large as my thumb were fall and winter, and even so far back
sticking out of the ground that had as last summer and they are still
been torn up with the plow, and this sound as a dollar.
on ground where there as not more A second peculiarity I, that no in-
than twelve inches of soil for thee et will touch them, neither in pod
large bearing s ee to make doot I nor vine at any age--not even the bean
manis of p,,i food '&id I-t .21 -an
that were to furnish it with the ee d i ei Aud l gt
mon-t o pant orf tfr Io Aorah od IAn a renovator of the oii nothing yet
also for ts fruit. I did not blame te found is its equal. Moreover, I be-
trees for giving up to the blight; the ve that they would be the salvation
odds were so much against them. of young orange groves, by letting
My best life has been in the school them cover the whole top late in the
of physical botany; several years of It season, and leave them on for winter
here In Florida and very many lessons housing and protection.
I have learned came from that large S. W. Carson.
brained man, the late Dudley W.
Adams, and with him I do not believe
there Is a man on this green earth who ti as a Uto ied.
can give a scilentfle--a practical rea- Editor Florida Agriculturist.
son-why an orange tree, young or old, In a recent issue of your paper I no.
if Its roots be broken with the plow, tice a letter from Brother Pslabry sent
or when not broken driven down into you from Cuba, and in It he treats the
the lower soil, should be expected to subject of cane as stock feed in that
thrive here in Florida, where much of island. He gives it a high "send off,"
It contains some of the lower alto yet doing no more than Justice to the

importance of the subject. From the
tone of his letter I gather the idea that
he concludes the feature quite a new
one to Florida cane growers, and yet I
cannot see why it should be so, for
certainly more or less has been pub-
lished in your columns on the subject
in the past two decades. Your scribe,
to his certain knowledge, has had sev-
eral articles published during the past
fifteen years in your columns, as well
as other papers, in which he recom-
mended cane chewing for both man
and beast. In other words, it greatly
benefits horses, mules, cows and pigs,
as a food and the' uice extracted by
chewing is a tonic for men, women
and children.
These features I have put before the
public in the agricultural papers I ,ore
than once. In fact, the Honorable Jchn
Dymond, editor of the Louisiana
Planter-the world's sugar organ-ap-
plied to me about six years ago for a
contribution to his columns on feeding
both molasses and cane In the stalk
to stock. I complied with great pleas-
ure to this request, and the lengthy
article, though published complete,
was unfortunately seen by few In
Florida, simply because at that time so
few took the Planter.
The benefits in cane production are
by no means wrapped up in the I)re-
pared constituents by manufacture-
not in sugar and syrup especially. No,
this is barely the larger half of the
cane crop. We have long been feed-
ing the cane in stalk to cattle and
horses. The reader has but to con-
sider the properties of the cane to cor-
rectly locate the good results. If it is
requested I will give particulars as to
our manner of feeding, also the results.
As to feeding stock with crude mo-
lasses and sugar it is done quite large-
ly, now, in Louisiana and the dairy-
men in England even buy sugar to
feed their milch cows on, finding it
highly profitable to do so.
S. W. Carson.
[Would be pleased to have our cor-
respondent give our readers the benefit
0 6li pERFlV? l Mi f991iss lilW WthA

Intensive Farming.
One of the most serious difficulties
confronting the farmer in his field
work, is the almost universally adopt-
ed plan of planting an extensive field
area. In pitching the crops during ear-
ly spring, nearly every farmer figures
his area to be planted in different crops,
OR a Wafi or fara maE vaaiotlalaa a1-
ing the growing seasons, without put-
ting in a margin for bad weather or
other checks which are likely to delay
him in his year's work. A mule and 40
acres to the plow do not hold as good
now, as they did 30 or 40 years ago.
In the first place this old-fashioned
method of extensive planting has had
more to do with reducing the fertility
of our soils, and allowing the top sur-
face of our lands to be washed away
into the beds of creeks and rivers, than
any other one thing. The man who un-
dertakes to cultivate on an average 40
acres to the plow, without the use of
improved farming implements and sow-
ing a large part of his acreage In small
grain or grasses, will find, taking one

year with another, that he has over-
cropped himself and his plants are
forced to suffer during the most impor-
tant period of their growth. Costly ex-
perience teaches this annually, but the
intense fondness of our people for
planting largely in cotton, in order to
reap a big harvest cannot it seems be
Forty acres to the plow may ue prof-
itably cultivated, if the crop is Judi-
ciously divided up. For instance, if
15 acres sown in wheat, rye, oats and
other small grain and side crops, this
would leave 25 acres to be equally di-
vided between the corn and cotton
crop. The grain fields could be partly
sown in peas, and the balance left to
grow a crop of crab grass. Now with
25 acres to be cultivated, one half of
which is planted in corn, the soil could
be much better prepared to start with,
and the cultivation of the growing
crops much more rapidly handled. The
last plowing of the corn crop is usual-
ly completed, if the plants have been
well fertilized ano promptly worked
from the middle to the latter part of
June. With the corn crop off his hands
the farmer has an opportunity, if not
presented beforces of sowing his grain
fields in peas for hay and then devote
the balance of his time to the cultiva-
tion of the cotton acreage. He could
then, for the next year, introduce a
well regulated system of rotation. His
corn field could be sown n grain dur-
ing October, and his otton field follow-
ed by corn. After the crop of pea vines
are. harvested, the grain land for that
year could be turned deep and nice-
ly harrowed in November or December
and planted in cotton the following
spring. Even 00 acres might be culti-
vated under this plan, devoting 15 acres
to pasturage every year, and under the
system of rotation, give one field a rest
every four years. The only extra ex-
pense involved in this latter plan would
It- the necessity of fencing each field
separately, or transferring movable
fences each spring.
The introduction of a system of ro-
tation develops a diversity of interests
whether conducted on an expensive or
trFnaivc ldan of ounltlratlin. TQe
prime object of rotation lies first in
adopting methods by which the lands
we are cultivating may be annually
improved and built up to a high state of
fertility. The Intelligent observer,
traveling over the farm lands of Geor-
gia, in the cotton belt especially, will
notice at once the impoverished ap-
pearance of those fields eultvated year
after year in clean growing crops. The
iofe of the soil seems to be broken, and
IP tfi Si6w growth of the crops which
it is expected to develop by harvest
time, profitably to the owner. The an-
uual application of,commercial fertili-
ze.rs adds nothing to the fertility of the
soil, but their application Is found ne-
cessary in order to provide nutriment
to the growing plants, which have been
robbed from the soil in years gone by
under improDer treatment.
.Sowing these depleted lands in grain
and leguminous crops the first and sec-
ond years, to be followed the third
year with cotton, will not only change
for the better the mechanical and phy.
sical condition of the sol, but gradual-
ly improve its fertility, even though the
use of chemical manures be reduced.
Land deficient in humus become hud


and the oaturftl plat food which it
contains becomes locked up and cannot
therefore be rendered available to the
needs of growing plants. Moisture con-
stitutes nearly 90 per cent. the weight
and life of all plants; hence, unless
rains are frequent in summer, or the
soils well supplied with humus and the
ground deeply broken, a week's dry
weather or hot sunshine and stiff winds
will evaporate what little moisture the
plants would otherwise obtain and the
growth of the crop checked, and in
some cases fatally injured. Rotation
develop a growing iMter[t In live
stock, as well as a diversity of plants.
It gradually brings about that happy
state of affairs which enables us to
sit-er clear of putting all of our eggs
in one basket. We are placed in an ex-
cellent position of going to market with
half dosen different money products.
where, under the old plan the sticking
to the cultivation of one special money
crop, we not only lost money nearly
every year, but impoverished our soils
besides and made ourselves dependent
upon other people for supplies needed
to sustain the lives of our families and
live stock.
When a farmer can only plow over
his fields once every three or four
weeks during growing period, he in not
doing justice to his plant or himself.
To conserve moisture and promote
growth rapidly the land must be con-
stantly stirred, at least once every teu
days or two weeks. After heavy bak-
ing rains the top crust of the soil should
be broken up in every furrow over the
entire crop area in the shortest possi-
ble time. After rains millions of little
air cells are left on top crust, penetrat-
ing downward into the deeper soil un-
deneath. Through these air cells the
powerful rays of the sun draws out
tens of moisture daily, which is evap-
orated and iass V into vapor. Now,
If this top crust is lihtly broken, tne
air cells beneath are closed up by a dis-
arrangement of the upper layer, and
the broken crust is utilized as a mulch
for cheeking and retarding the escape
of moisture needed for the plants. The
farmer who allows tile top rust to rl.
main unbroken after a hard rain for
two or three weeks is furnishing the
best possible plan for robbing his crop
of moisture which should be kept in
the ground. Whether it rains or not,
these air cells should be broken occa-
sionally, and the growing plants will
be benefited. The plow cannot be kept
moving too much. If our fields could
be lightly stirred every week at this
period of the year better results would
be obtaine at hamrvst 1Jme.
This method of rapid working can
not be done with a large acreage plant-
ed to the plow. The land can not be
properly tilled or prepared. The profit
in the business must be largely spent
Sin the employment of outside labor to
keep the crop cultivated, and the farm
not well eared for becomes unattractive
to the eye and a hardship on the owner.
Reduce the acreage and double the
yield. Operate a business which can
be kept up with constantly. Take few-
er acres and build them up to a higher
state of fertility. Diversify your crops
by intensive cultivation and learn to
make money on live stock, grain and
grasses as well as cotton.-Harvie Jor-
dan In Atlanta Journal.

Igyprtan Ioton in the United ,dtatso
The following is Issued by the Divi-
sion of Botany, United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture:
Egyptian cotton forms one of the most
important items among tbh fiber ma-
terials Imported to this country. In
length of staple it is between the aver-
age upland and the sea island cotton.
It is fine, but its particular value lies
ln its Npperior strength and elasticity.
and In its remarkable development of
twist, enabling it to cling together and
make a very strong, fine yarn. When
obtained in good condition it has a fine
luster and is soft and oily to the touch.
It is not handled well by the same ma-
chinery used for preparing and spin-
ning upland cotton, and as it is used
in the production of a quality of fabric
not made from either upland or sea
island cotton, it does not compete di-
rectly with them. It i used chiefly,
either combed or carded, for the pro.
duction of fine yarns. These yarns are
used In the better qualities of hosiery
and knit goods and for mixing with

silk and wool, It in also Hse9 in mak-
Ing fine thread for laces.
The direct importations of Egyptian
cotton increased from less than 200,-
000 pounds in 1884 to more than 43,-
000,000 pounds in 1896. Since the lat-
ter date the importations have fallen
off somewhat. This decline, however,
must be ascribed to small crops in
Egypt rather than to lack of demand.
While there was a decline in the av-
erage prices during 1898 and the first
part of 1899, there has been a decided
upward tendency during the six
months ended February 15, 1900, quo-
tations In Boston reaching as high as
19% cents per pound.
Considerable amounts of Egyptian
cotton are undoubtedly imported
through other countries, and the prices
in this country range higher than do
those at the foreign ports of shipment.
The requirements of the growing knit-
goods industry and the demand for a
quality of goods that can be made only
from Egyptian cotton, seems likely to
maintain or even increase the demand
for this fiber. The area supposed to
be adapted to the cultivation of this
cotton in this country is comparatively
small, and there is apparently little
danger of overproduction from otier
sources. It Is cultivated only In the
Nile Delta, an area comprising alto-
gether less than 10,000 square m;les of
arable land, or about one-third the area
of South Carolina.
The first records of attempts to culti-
vate Egyptian cotton in the United
States seem to be the reports of trials
with seed imported and distributed by
the Department of Agriculture in 1867.
The reports of the Department for 1867
and 1871 contain the results of more
than fifty trials made In all of the
States from North Carolina to Texas
and Alabama. Te cotton proved gen-
erally unsatisfactory, except in on. or
two instances in Southern Louisiana.
It was found to be drouth-resistant,
and in cases where mature fiber was
obtained it was generally regarded as
of superior quality. It required too
long a season from seeding to matur-
ity to permit its successful cultivation
except in the extreme southern parts
of the area. In many instances the
plants grew large, and they were gen-
erally more free from attacks or In-
sects or fungus diseases than upland
cotton growing in the same regions.
The bolls were mostly three-locked, al-
ways small, and often few in number.
Many of the oills produced filled to
mature before frost, so that the yield
of fiber obtained did not average much
more than one-third of the yield ob-
tained from upland cotton. There
were no reports from Southern Texas,
and the single report from Florida was
The reports of the failures in 1871 ap-
pear to have discouraged further at-
tempts at the introduction of Egyptian
cotton during the succeeding twenty
years. Some seed have doubtless been
brought from Egypt by private par-
ties. but they have evidently not suc-
ceeded well, as nothing has been heard
of them.
During the years 1892 to 1894 the De-
partment of Agriculture imported and
distributed three varieties of Egyptian
cotton seed, viz., Miland, Bamla, and
Abbasi. Seeds were sent to all of the
cotton-growing States, where they were
tested at the State Experiment Sta-
tions, and also on the plantations of
B5YTyra growers, The reports received
Indicate failure in nearly all cases.
Most of the men who tied seed were
so discouraged by the small yield of
the first crop that they did not save
seed to make any further trials. In
most cases rurtner trials would doubt-
less have resulted in a waste of time,
but in the Gulf region, where the sea-
sons are long, it is probable that better
results could have been obtained from
seed grown for two or three genera.
tons in this country. Experiments
with imported cotton seed in this coun-
try and with American cotton seed in
Egypt prove that larger yields may be
expected after the plants become ac-
clmated, The eauns of failure were
chiefly a too short season, except in the
warmer part of the cotton belt, and
seed not yet acclimated.
In Saa Patricio county, in Southern



J&M & & n"esmlmp 0\
Insist upon having tem take no others ad you will t the bst shells that money can by.
v -- v. ,- v v v , v v v v v v v v vw 4

Texas, Mr. W. H. Wentworth sowed variety can be planted, as they stand
1% acres each of Bamla and Mitafifl. hot weather well.
He obtained from the first seeding only The radish sown must be the white
seventy-five pounds of seed cotton Strassburg, as no other kind will do
from three acres, but he observed that any good. Salamander lettuce can be
the fiber was of superior quality and sown with a reasonable prospect of a
the plants were strong and healthy. paying yield; this is really the only
Seeds were saved from selected bolls lettuce that will stand hot weather.
from the best plants and planted the Celery seed should be sown in shaded
following and each succeeding year. beds for early fall planting. Sow a
Tne plants became More plrllO as ferw onunes of cabbage nlcd, the Large
they were thus acclimated and care- Flat Head varieties; some cauliflower
fully selected. It was found necessary and tomato seed for fall planting.
to keep the cotton closely picked, as Some Gherkin cucumbers for fall pick-
exposure to the weather in the open ling should be planted, they are easily
bolls destroys the peculiar luster and grown and good yielders.
the oily fueling, which are regarded as Land intended for hay must be put
very desirable in the best quality. It in good condition this month. by thor-
was also found necessary to gin the ough plowing and dragging it smooth
fiber with a roller gin to obtain the afterwards. The hay crop i, the best
full length of the staple. When care- on the Florida farm, and yet the ma-
fully handled, picked as soon as ma- jority of the farmers let It go to waste
cure, free from dirt, pieces of leaves, every year; It should not he so. Let
or "squares," and properly ginned on us see then that the proper prepara-
a roller gin giving a long, even staple, tions are made so as give it a chance-
free from seed hulls, Egyptian cotton of making something.-C. K. McQuar-
grown in Texas appears to be fully rie, in Laurel Hill Gazette.
equal to the imported fiber. A sample
of cotton of the crop of 1899, sixth Bees taas Make Glucose Honey.
generation, grown in Texas, has been "People buy comb honey," said a man
pronounced by some of the most ex- from the country, "believing that the
tensive impourtrs of Bgyptait cotton fact that it in sealed k1 th heanvt l-
in this country to be of superior qual- tie bee precludes the possibility of
Ity. No spinning tests have yet been fraud. The fact is that the bees of
recorded. many professional 'honey' raisers do
In 1895 Mr. Wentworth cross-polli- nothing the live long summer but pack
nated Mitafifi Egyptian cotton with glucose into their hives from an open
Myer's Big Boll, a Texan variety, and barrel that is left standing close by.
has carefully selected seed from the The bee will not search fragant flow-
best plants resulting from the hybrid ers the live-long day for a trifling
thus obtained. This hybrid cotton pro. amount of pure honey when he can get
duces a fiber almost like the Egyptian, glucose. The honey men see that there
and in some respects Is superior to the is plenty of glucose handy, and instead
Egyptian. The bolls although usually of one pound of honey they aid tne bees
three-locked, are generally larger than in putting ten pounds of glucose on
those of the Mitaffl, and the plants are "Human ingenuity has not devised
more prolific and earlier maturing. a way for making and sealing the hon-
eycomb, or the bee would be dispensed
afnmlni O.pomfleas fa r a' wrltlith altogether Tn hnndlini the rnlu
The remarks made in May operations cose the bees give it a honeyish flavor,
applies very much to June also: the and if you complain to the bee man
general work on the farm is principal- that it is not as sweet and sticky as it
ly attending to the crop already plant- should be, he will tell you that it is the
ed. There are, however, a few crops carly crop and that the heavy rains
that call for special effort this month. make it thin.
One of these is the sweet potato crop; "I know a man who keeps fifty hives
If a few rows of draws were set out of bees on the roof of his store in the
in April the vine by this time will be city, and by hustling up plenty of ilu-
running and yielding vine cuttings, cose he gets enough 'honey' opt of the
which really make a far better crop buzzing slaves to do a wholesome bu-
than draws will. Ground for the sweet siness in honey. Why, his bees never
potatoes should be well fertilized and saw a flower and would shy at a hon-
put in perfect tilth, as the success of eysuckle if they happened to come
this crop depends almost entirely on near one. He will not even let the poor
the condition of the soil at the plant- things have a recess to get a drink of
ing time. Rice can still be planted, as water, but keeps a pan of fresh water
there is sufficient time for making a near the hives for them to drink."-
crop of it before frost. Land that has Mail and Eipress.
B6t BeWn Spring plowed, can now be
turned under covering all veg< tatlon, CATARRH CANNOT BE CURED.
the ground put in good shape, laid off with LOCAL APPLICATIONS, as
in furrows, three feet apart, the seed they cannot reach the seat of the dis-
scattered thinly and covered with ease. Catarrh is a blood or constitu-
board, same as planting cotton. If put tional disease, and in order to cure it
in thus just as soon an plowed it will you mIUils tUii tilt Intuinil roim llin.
get a start of the weeds and grass and Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internal-
keep that start all along, ly, and acts directly on the blood and
exic-an June corn can be planted mucous surfaces. Hall's Catarrh Cure
any time during the month; this Is a Is not a quack-medicine. It was pre-
variety of corn that has come to stay, acribed by one of the beat physicians
as every one that once tries it contin- in this country for years, and is a reg-
ues it. It makes an excellent crop to ular prescription. It Is composed of
follow Irish potatoes; and by planting the best tonics known, combined with
cowpeas in the water furrow at last the best blood purifiers, acting direct-
working the land will yield three crops ly on the mucous surfaces. The per-
In one year. fect combination of the two ingredi-
In hoe yea n s ents is what produces wonderful re-
In the garden operations are con suts In curing Catarrh. Send for tes-
fined to such crops as will stand hot timonlals free.
weather best A few watermelons, t. J. CHENEY & CO.,
cucumbers, cantaloupes, squash and O Proprs., Toledo, Ohio.
pumpkins can be planted; but should gold by all druggists, price 7C,
very hot weather with heavy rains Hall's Family Pills are the best
visit us during the dog days they will
have a hard time of it pulling through. yu 1a a relte advertise In
Pole beans of the Southern prolific the Aricultur


mWk mma's Grop
The average Floridian has no idea of
the number'of pineapples grown and
shipped from the east coast, and the
people of Jacksonville have not the
least idea how much work is being
done on the dock of the Savannah,
Florida & Western Railway by the In-
dian BIer andIake Worth Pineapple
AsuoclaMon to iwreet any. one market
in the Nort, Mbst and West from be-
coming glutted with this king of all
Florida fruits.
A reporter. of the Times-Union and
Citizen caBed at the office of the asso-
elation yesterday, and saW B. P.
Poreher, the secretary, who, with his
assistant, was busily at work with nu-
merous telegrams and bills of Irdiug
pushing the fruit forward as rapidly
as it arrives.
"Do you handle all the crop?" in-
quired the reporter.
"No, unfortunately, we handle only
about 75 per cent. of the crop. On this
account once or twice the Eastern mar-
kat ha lhtre a)lgtte. ~A ha Pd"oeod
the price, not only for Ha, but orw lue
growers outside of the association as
"Yon understand our method of t-h-
"Not thoroughly. Will you kindly
explain It?'
"Well, we have agents In all of the
large cities, and when the crop begins
to move we notify them, and learn the
condition of the market on fruit. We
then judge according to the size of the
ritz Wad its mSeSE! !- 1 populatio and
start the trait out, shipping SoilB t16 all
points. We have arrangements with
the railroads for shipping the fruit
through quickly, and an Armour ven-
tilator car reaches Philkdelphia and
New York three days after leaving
Jacksonville. We are making excep-
tionally .good time, reaching Kansas
City in four days, Cleveland In four
days, and Chicago nl three days.
These are solid Armour ventilator cars
full, each car holding 375 crates, with
an air space large enough for a cat to
go through between the crates. The
returns have been excellent up to date,
averaging $3 net per crate, lhe vari-
ety being shipped Is mostly of the Red
Spanish variety, and will peck on an
avenge from thirty to thirLy-six pines
in each crate.
"We are shipping now about six
cars per day, and the demand is stead-
ily increasing. This is, fortunately, a
good time for the increased demand, as
we are right on the eve of the heavy
9yeTgent, an4 will soon be sending
forward fifteen to twenty solid cars of
pines each day. We expect, from
present indications, that the prices
will net $2.50 per crate until the entire
crop is consumed. From our agents
in the North we have learned that
there is a quick consumption of the
pines, more so thann any previous
shipment, and the demand Is greater
than ever before. The increased pro-
duction this year is unnoticed in the
markets, which are taking the fruit
otsss Frapily, Witla lglsfF 8illtfle-
t!on, than in any previous year. I be-
lieve that people are buying and eat-
ing pineapples now who have hereto-
fore considered them an expensive
"What size pines are In the best de-
mand?" Inquired the reporter.
"Those that pack from thirty to
thirty-six in a crate. The twenty-
fours are too high. A man will buy a
plneasRer that stats frm II to l
cents much quicker than he will one
that costs more than a quarter, and
therefore the smaller pines are more
often called for than any others. By
keeping informed on the condition of
itb marikes, we are ambe to dia'tribme
the fruit to the best advantage, and
thereby get the highest figure."
"But let us take the cost of shipping
East and shipping to Chicago. You
can set frnit to Now York for 60 cents
per crate, while Cleveland and Chi-
cago costs from 80 cents to $1.25, does
it not? Can jou make the shipments
from each grower even up the differ-
ence in the cost?"
"Yes, fortunately, the prices obtained
In Chicago and Cleveland make up the
difference in freights, and I do not
think so far this season the net prices
Have differed 1 per cent"

"How do you arrange to give each
shipper a fair show?"
"Oh, hat is easy. The grower whose
fruit goes East this time has it sent
West next time, and the average
strikes about even at the end of the
"Do you find that quality of fruit and
careful packing Increases the value of
the grower's crop?"
"I certainly do. I will have a de-
mand for a certain grower's goods
from different buyers, and the prices
for these goods will be from 25 to 50
cents a crate more. Yes, indeed, the
shipper who carefully sorts his pines
and carefully packs them is a positive
gainer, and his fruit is always in de-
"Are you shipping anything besides
the Red Spanish pine now?"
"Yes, about two hundred crates of
fancy Porto Rico pines are going for-
ward each day. The demand, however,
is not vigorous, and a great many of
the markets will not touch the fancy
varlcdle. There ls quite a demand ior
the Queen variety, particularly the
Golden Queens, and quite a few are
coming in each day. The Abbaka baa
also just started ripening, and we shall
have a good many of this variety
"What variety do you consider the
best seller?"
"I am a strong advocate of the Red
Spanish. It is grown cheaper, and is
of the size that sells readily, bringing
from 10 to 25 cents, making It within
toe nreah of evey176. It has aa dii-
tinct flavor also that other pines lack,
and is used for flavoring ices, creams
and other fancy dishes in preference to
the other varieties.
"For a special market the fancy va-
rieties are all right, but the demand is
not nearly so large, and the only ad-
vantage with them is that mosb of the
growers have them come in at a spe-
cial season, growing them under sheds.
They ripen and are marketed from
Christmas until March, unless the frcst
gets them, and of course bring fancy
prices. I do not know, however,
whether they bring throughout the
season the profit per acre that the Red
Spanish does."
"if all the growers were in the as,
sociation do you thing it would mean
more for all the growers?"
"Yes. I firmly believe that they, as
well as the members of the associa-
tion, would net.at least 25 cents a
crate more."
"What do you think will be the
amount of net returns to the east coast
growers from the crop indications
"I believe that $250,000 is a conserve,
tive estimate of the net returns from
this season's crop."-Timcs-Union and

For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
tl fS-W I t-y S d &t t(he head of le
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and stricture without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nevous Disorders, Kid-
ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away' practice Is La mire than double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi.
cans, rapidly yield to his treatment.
Write him to-day fully about your case.
He makes no charge for consultation
IN ilvici citLer at hin omier or oy
mail. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D. 25
Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.

How to ('ed Pruit Crops.
What shall I use this ypaja o mai-
nure my orchards and other fruit plan-
tations? Doubtless this is a question
that many are asking themselves. The
answers will be and should be varied.
Some will use stable manure; some
commercial fertilizers of one kind, and
others, a' hundred other kinds, perhaps;
while many will use none of any kind.
Possibly there may be lands so rich
that orchards, etc., planted on them

may need no manures of any kind, but
such cases are rare. There are few
fruit -soils that would not be benefited
by some manuring, and most of them
should have it in abundance.
There is nothing better for most
fruits than good stable manure. How-
ever, there are some strawberry grow-
ers who would not thank any one to
haul it upon their plkattiots of that
fruit. They claim that it makes the
berries soft and too tender to ship
well. This may be true in some cases,
and yet there are more strawberry
fields starving for the lack of stable
manure than there are those injured
by too much. One of our largest and
best peach growers claims that he nev-
er wants a load of stable manure
hauled into his orchards, feeling sure
that it would hurt his crop. He pre-
fers commercial fertilizers and soiling
crops. On the other hand, I know sev-
eral good peach growers, judging by
their crops of large and delicious fruit,
that want all they can get of it. One
rarm that T know had about forty car-
loads applied during one fall, and the
succeeding crop paid for it, and much
Stable manure is good for apple or-
chards, vineyards and all kinds of
berry patches, if applied wisely. There
is more damage of getting on too little
than too much; although this, as well
as most other good things; can be over-
done. The main difficulty is in not
having enough to go around. If large
amounts of table manure are nued. it
is mSt to 1 sppltment it By adding an
ample amount of sulphate of potash,
and also acid phosphate, or dissolved
bone. This is for the reason that sta-
ble manure contains an excess of ni-
trogen as compared with phosphoric
acid and potash; in other words, it is
not a well balanced complete ferti-
lizer. If stable manure be used exclu-
sively, it is liable to produce too much
wood and too little fruit.
The plan of using commercial ferti-
lizers and soiling crops as a substitute
for stable manure is a very good one,
and has been adopted by many good
farmers and fruit growers. Some have
entirely abandoned the business of
buying manure from the cities and
town, because of the cost of labor in
hauling it, to say nothing of the price
paid for the manure. There are much
of these manures that are mostly trash
and water, and in some cases, the me-
nure is thoroughly soaked with water
from a hose after being loaded on the
cars and before weighing it, the charge
neing made according to the tonnage,
of course. It is doubtless true that in
many cases this trash and water can
be obtained at home from soiling crops
much cheaper and the elements of fer-
tility added in the shape of commer-
cial fertilizer.
If ith clovers, cowpens, filed pens,
etc., are grown and plowed under, they
will add a large quantity of nitrogen,
having taken from the air. This is a
most costly ingredient of any manure.
Thelas oropis also add itat important
element we call humus, which is de-
cayed vegetation, and is one of the
most valuable things put into the soil
by stable manure.
If nitrogen is to be added in commer-
cial form, which is often a very wise
thing to do, there Is no form in which
It will act so quickly, and in which it
may be had as cheaply as in nitrate of
soda. This, however, should be put on
shortly before itt s avest-ed to be tak-
en up by the trees or plants; for it is
very soluble, and easily lost if not soon
appropriated by the growing crop. It
is well to make at least two applica-
tions in one season; one In the early
part and another later, when tme
growth is almost at its height. It
causes a remarkably vigorous growth.
Nitrate of soda should not be put on
the land in the fall or winter, because
it would be largely lost in the drain-
age water before the time for the crops
to use it.
Cotton seed meal, dried bone, fish
scrap and tankage all have considera-
ble proportions of nitrogen in them,
and are good manures, but they dis-
solve slowly and should be applied sev-
eral weeks or months before they are
expected to act on the crops.
Phosphoric acid is another necesay


Ia Woman's Lif e A Made Daagw
ons by Pelvio Catarrh.

Mrs. Mathilde Richter.
idr. iMasUiido fUl iCsr BoUalp-
Neb., says:
"I suffered from catarrh for many
years, but since I have been taking Pe-
ru-na I feel strong and well. I would
advise all people to try Pe-ra-na. As I
used Pe-ru-na and Man-a-Un while I was
pawing through the change of life, I am
positively convinced your beneficial
remedies have relieved me from all m3
Pe-ru-na has raised more women front
neas ori aicktnoa I "; IBeli "isi 75I.
again than any other remedy. Pelvis
catarrh is.the bane of womankind. Pe
ru-na is the bane of catarrh in all forms
and stages. Mrs.Col.HamiltonColum*
bus, 0., says:" I recommend Pe-ru-na te
women, believing it to be especially
beneficial to them."
Send for a free book written by Dr.
Hartman, entitled "Health and Beanty.
Address Dr. Hartman, Columbus, 0.

part of any complete manure, and
should be used in growing soiling crops
or directly upon the orchards, vine-
yards, berry fields, etc. It is found
abundantly in bones and phosphate
rock. The diasolved forms are.far more
available than those which are merely
ground or crushed. There is a small
proportion of it in wood eshes.
Potash is the backbone of all fruit
manures. It has a most wonderful ef-
fect on the fruits. It gives rich flavor
and brilliant color to the fruit and
causes a sturdy growth of tree or plant.
While it is the principal manurial ele-
ment of wood ashes, it Is much more
cheaply obtained in the various forms
of potash salts than in commercial
ashes. Muriate of potash is the cheap-
est of these, considering the content of
sTe9S! pWtSS3i0 Wfii 5 1H 50 ji ifi.,
or a little more in some samples. Sul-
phate of potash is also very good, and
so Is kalnit; but the latter only has
about 12 to 14 per cent. of potash in It.
It io rarllrnt for mixing with staibl
manure while the heaps are aeeuma
lating, for It absorbs much of the ni-
trogen, which would otherwise evap-
orate and be lost In the air. All of
these forms of potash should be ap-
plied some weeks or months before
they are expected to show their best
effects on the crops. For fruit in par-
ticular, it is probably best to use sul-
phate of potash exclusively, as a source
of potash. because the sulphate pro-
auces a better quality and more sweet-
ness of the fruit, and its cost Is not
very much higher than that of muriate
of potash.
Potash and phosphoric acid are never
loat Iasr 2ifsIrmasgt sOF tx t qlalium-'
age, but remain in the coarse manure
with which they are mixed or in other
forms, in the soil until taken up by the
crops. Nitrogen is lost in both these
ways, and should be very wisely used.
TO U88 an1y r 811 Of the~ f~I rtiilii,-r
directly on fruit erops, or Indirectly on
them through soiling crops, which are
finally plowed under, will be found to
be very economical and therefore prof-
itable.-H. E. VanDeman, In Tri-State

Sharples Cream Separators-ProLt-
able Dlarylva


N mfrs e yoridta gar. Grape Prmit in IJM County.
A reader who says he means busi- Perhaps no better example than that
nes ad ean command capital writes afforded by the Pomelo or Grape Fruit
us for some plain facts as to the in Florida can be found of the well ree-
growth of cane and production of re- ognized natural law that all fruits
flned ear in FlP P~r -a *unCt that which are natives of warm climates .t-
as been exhaustively treted In the inln tirir maximum of e.acvllf-- aq
columns of this paper, and the results they approach the northern limit of
quoted submitted to every test of dis- their outdoor growth. It is certain
cusslou and practical examination, that this particular fruit, when raised
Therefore, we are enabled to sum up in Florida, is a vastly superior article
this matter by quoting again the cal- to the one which comes from the West
culati0n made by Capt. R. Rose, our Indies, Mexico or even Southern Cali-
foremost authority, to the State Agri- fornia, and commands a higher price
oiid i im -9q full Infldorai ijN in 0e2V a!-fL thn -ny of them The
Mr. Paul Depuy, a Louisiana planter northern limit of safety in the ft8f Of
of thirty-five years' experience, and by the grape fruit--one of the most ten-
Prof. William C. Stubbs, director of der members of the citrus family-has
the Louiana, Sugar Experiment Sta- been pretty well demonstrated by the
tio--te- twree having thoroughly ex- freezes of late years, to be coosider-
amined the atuIect and reached agree- ably further south than was formerly
meat on the points now given. Better believed. The counties of Lee and
and more trustworthy authority could Dade, at the southern extremity of the
not be fund.m peninsula of Florida, are naturally
et e then that our Indus- warmer than any portion of the State
Let us preeie, then, that our indue- lying north of them, not only on ac-
trial dependence has not become a cont of thaiv aegranhtcal Doaition.
fact woar eWp Iratt of wheat on but undoubtedly because also of thir
that our port aton of wheat only extended coast line, washed by the
pays for hal of it, and our exported warm waters of the Guf of Mexico in
tobacco for one-fourth. When we canw ofe
tobccoish for one ourth.we can trulywe can the case of Lee county, and the near
frsh r own sugar we can truly phe ut m
be independent, except for the trans- proximity of the Gulf stream in the
ioof our prduts on English case of Dade county. Any slight dif-
portation of our products ong relsh ference between these counties in this
bottoms. Why should not Congress be respect is probably in favor of Lee,
as anxious to see us delivered from the owing to the favrct that the old waves,
payment of the sugar tribute as that of asking to the fact that the cold waves,
as a rle. come from the northwest,
our oceewarrying trade? and as a glance at the map of Florida
We import annually five thousand will render at once apparent, must of
million pounds of sugar, or two and a necessity sweep over the warm waters
half million tons. We produce less of the Gulf before they strike the coast
timI 10 per cent of the saudr wJs st- of I= county, whlerm the amcm winds
same, though Florida has lands adml- continuing the direction towards the
rably suited for the growth of cane, southeast, will be somewhat cooled
in large part now lying idle. Why Is again in the passage across the land
this? Solely because cane and sirup for over one hundred miles, especially
are too bulky to pay transportation at night, when the earth loses It heat
charges. The same difficulty exactly by radiation into space more rapidly
confronted the cotton planter till the than does the water of the Gulf of
mills were brought to his door, and he Mexico. It is, moreover, well known
began to ship the finished product. The that the additional effect of the wide
same remedy should be applied in Flor- expanse of the lower Oaloosahatchee
ida to the sugar planter, and he will river, in the vicinity of Fort Myers,
grow rich while making his country in- where the river has a general direc-
dependent, tion from east to west, is to so farther
Why did not the cotton planter ap- temper the climate of the south bank,
ply the remedy sooner? Because he locally, as to enable strictly tropical
had neither the capital nor the train- trees to grow there much as they do in
ing necessary. Why does not the Flor- Cuba.
idian solve his difficulty? For the We have attended to this more fully
same reason exactly. It will come to in another column, and merely refer
us as It did to the cotton planter, but, to the fact in this place as indicating
meantime, how much must the country to strangers the spot, par excellence,
send beyond its borders for sugar, and where, if anywhere in the State of
how long must the Floridlan eke out a Florida, the relatively hardy orange
bare existence and his State wait for and grape fruit trees may be planted
its legitimate development? with a sense of security based upon all
The proof is conclusive that Florida experience up to the present time.
has lands well suited to supply this The various costly devices for protect-
deficit; the product should be twenty ing the trees from frost, which orange
tone of cane per acre; there should be growers along the St. Johns river are
a yield of 3,600 pounds of sugar per now reluctantly concluding to be the
acre at a total labor cost of less than only resources left them, if they mean
1 per cent. per pound. The rest is a to continue in the business, are here
question of business management entirely superfluous. Not only have
alone. the trees themselves escaped un-
It is proposed that open steam-train athed on the south bank of the C
factories to make brown sugar and loosahatchee, but the crop of fruit has
sirup be distributed throughout the never yet been injured by any freeze
State for convenience to the cane fields which Florida has experienced.
w ah The great popularity which the
-refithese w d center lae asud sn as the grape fruit has achieved in the United
reAnery at a entrwl in sure a market. States is a thing of recent years only,
command no m the brwn in reach. and is coincident with the opening of
command no markets within reach. the large hotels at St. Augustine,
Such mills to handle one hundred tons the large hotelsewhere. It was then
of cane per day would cost, complete, Tampa andelewhere. It was then
about $20,000. This should pay the that Northern visitors first learned
farmer $3.15 per ton and net for the how to eat this fruit and acquired a
factory $1. per t of ne. taste for it. Ten years ago the people
factory $1. per o f can of Lee county could not sell their
The central refinery should turn out grape fruit at all, and therefore
50,000 pounds of granulated sugar per thought it folly to plant any of the
day, should cost 4125,000, should pay trees. They were just beginning to
the planter $1,343 per day at a mean- realize the value of this truit as a
facturing cost of $375, and should show money bringer when the terrible freeze
a net daly profit of 1809; gross daily of 1894-95 came and cut down to the
proceeds, ( ,68. ground the citrus trees in the "orange
The grower's profit per acre should belt," which were the pride of the
be $ST-the refner's profit should be State. Stimulated by the greater
$81,8& per anmum on an investment of profit derivable from grape fruit, the
$125,000. orange growers north of us budded
These ae figures made by practical their stumps with the pomelo so very
men from data tarnished by actual av- generally that the fear of over-produc-
erage experience in all but the final re- tion and glutted markets in the future
winery stage-here experience at Saint deterred Lee county from planting
Cloud, in this 8tate, and in Louisiana these trees to any great extent, and it
has been taken. Does our correspond- was not until the repeated destruction
ent want a better Investment? We of the grape fruit buds farther north,
await ead Invite his examination.-T.- year after year, demonstrated the fact
U. & C. that no serious competition need ever

be looked for from them, that the peo-
ple here began at last to plant out
groves of grape fruit trees.
We are of the opinion that this Is
the explanation of a paradox which
elicits expressions of surprise from
many of our recent Tidtfrs who "?
trees laden with grape fruit on all sides
which they are told sell readily to
dealers at 10 cents apiece on the trees.
They ask how it is that with such an
easy source of wealth at command
every man, woman and child in the
county does not own a grape fruit
grove, big or little. Well, now that
Et frar of uVcrFruln{ii MIS i mvsS-9
they are planting groves right and left
Other people, new comers, are doing
the same. Within a few years time it
is clearly manifest that the Calooea-
hatchee Valley will be one vast chain
of citrus groves, in which the pomelo
will largely predominate.
Not only is the pomelo a more re-
munerative fruit to the grower, than
the orange, but it seems in Lee county
to be free from foot rot, a disease
WaI'8 Is li&Sl [a8 iania sangje zIWUI
at this low-lying end of Florida, where
permanent water can generally be
reached at a very few feet from the
surface of the ground. For this rea-
son, as well as its quick and vigorous
habit of growth as compared with the
orange, it makes a capital stock on
which to bud the Tangerine, or any
orange which may be desired. Cer-
tain it is that the grape fruit Is perfect-
ly at home on suitable land down here
in Lee county, and it is by no means
an uncommon thing to find grape fruit
treoo bea rin fruit at the age of aix
years from the seed.
The writer was shown a number of
budded trees in a back yard at Fort
Myers which In February, 1900, were
laden with upwards of 100 fruits
apiece. Now these buds were inserted
into orange and rough lemon stocks in
February, 1898. When one considers
that 100 of such trees are set out to the
acre, and that the crop of these trees
was worth in the grove more than $10
per tree at two years from the bud, I.
e., upwards of $1,000 per acre, the re-
munerative nature of grape fruit grow-
ing in Lee county-on the right kind of
soil and in the right place, always un-
derstood-speaks for itself. As anoth-
er instance, this season one of our
growers sold 290 boxes of grape fruit
at $5 per box, or $1,450. These were
from 40 trees of which 35 were proba-
bly not more than 10 years old. These
are actual facts and serve to show the
status of the grape fruit as a money
The following may be stated to be a
fair estimate of the expense of estab-
lishing a one-acre grape fruit grove on
first class land at Fort Myers and in
first class shape:
Cost of land, say..............$100.00
Clearing and breaking same.... 60.00
Fence. 3 strands barbed wire... 10.00
Ditching, say.. ........ ..... 10.00
100 budded trees in place at 50c 60.00
Fertilizers, say 2 lbs. per tree at
2%cs. ......... ......... 5.00

Total ...... ......... .... $245.00
In other parts of the county land of
course can be purchased for a great
deal less than $100 per acre, and if the
trees are raised from seed, Instead of
planting budded nursery stock, it Is
probable that $10 will cover the cost of
this item Instead of $60, but, per con.
tra. in this case the grove will be sev-
eral years longer before it comes into
bearing than where budded stocks are
employed, and, as regards the price of
the land, it will behoove the purchaser
to ponder well the question as to
whether the saving in the cost of land
is a sufficient equivalent for other ad-
vantages which might have to be sac'
rifleed. Such, for instance, as the
abandonment of the protection from
frost in winter, which is due to the
wide stretch of warm water-renewed
every 12 hours by the Incoming tide-
in the bed of the lower Oaloosa-
hatchee; or the distance from a town,
postoflee, schools, stores wharves,
medical aid in case of sickness or acci-
dent, etc. All of these items assured-
ly translate themselves into an annual
charge of so many dollars per acre,
and If that sum be capitalsed at 10 per


ab arM

PL~ates takeD
APT000 61111 th11mo101 &&Meew

li oS, ithot pinin. the r as

1Ww: to maotL, solabaIl aoseeua
B wametreeswen fra
or l." fr"ai newr

mm., wiWebnmos on.,.

,P in-K itef

There is no kind of pain
or ache, Internal or exter-
nal, that Pain-Kller will
not relieve.

cent. it is often a revelation to the set-
tler, which he will do well to consider
before hand, and not to leave it, as so
many do, to their sorrow, to be discov-
ered by actual experience.-Dr. Win.
Hanson, in Fort Myers Press.

Bural Telephones.
In writing on this subject I give you
a brief description of our plan of oper-
ating telephones in this county. First,
ten or a dozen farmers get together
and build a line, say from Francisco
to Oakland City, which is six miles,
but in going on the road to get all the
farmers that wish to go'on the line, it
will probably be ten miles or single
wire. 1T0 pounds No. 12 wire in a mile,
28 poles per mile, 30 brackets and in-
sulators, good phones, $13.50. I can
not give prices on all, as prices are
higher now than two years ago.
This line all ready for operation cost

A T kms short roads.


light loads.

Go*bod foar ewverthing
that runs on wheels.

Sold Everywhere.
e nec


about $20 per share. That is about an
average cost of a line, owing to the
length and the number on a line. A
ten-phone system is better than twelve.
It is not best to have too many on a
There is not a town or postofflce in
Gibson county but has from one to
thirty lines running into them. At least
75 per cent of the farmers have
phones. Every town and some farm
houses have switch boards in them
There are something like twelve or flf-
tna cashageas of this lind In the
county. They are often maintained by
an operator who receives one dollar
from each member on the lines run-
ning into their exchange per year, and
if they give extra good service they
usually get a nice Xmas present made
up by the members of the different
Posey county south of us,has almost
as extensive a system as Gibson. It is
going eastward into Pike and Warri k.
The systems we use are the series
and bridged. Both are good. The an-
nual expense will not exceed $2. The
benefits are many. I never knew a
party on a line becoming dissatisfied.
They will not sell unless they can get
on 4t sew lin We have~T an etlen all
over the county and in adjoining coun-
ties which is free to all share holders,
with our family physician, groceryman,
grain dealer, miller, railway station,
almost everything that will add to the
conventeoee of tlben. Them are many
things connected'With -,itarting this
system that I cannot give here. Our
system is good, but if we were to start
gain we could make many Improve-
n"ents without extra cost.-John F.
Meade, in FarrmPo'GWuldve

Overcultivatkon and rmuino.
A famine has repeatedly been de-
dared by Indian officers to be more
disastrous than war, both In the loss of
life and the expenditure of money, and
in the last twenty-five years India
has been thrice ravaged by famine.
Twenty-five years ago the province of
Maisur lqpt 1,000,000 people; The fail-
vre of crops in the extreme south of
the peninsula put almost that entire
country under suffering. The Govern-
ment was slow to act and for that it
was condemned. It was engaged in an
Splatione e houToe mmfwfwwyp,
expensive war, the subjugation of Af-
ghanistan, which was accomplished by
Lord Fredrick Roberts. The famine
of that year gave an enormous Impetus
t(, railroad building and it was de-
clared that in the future noo puch
dreadful loss of life could again oc-
cur, because food could be pronmiuly
brought into the afflicted districts. The.
presence, however, of the railroads
does not seem to have minimized the
distress or saved life.
The cause of these frequent famine
in India wlay be ascribed to two rea-
sons-the first, of course, to the failure
of rain, and the second to the over-
working of the soil. All India is too
fully cultivated, and the land is re-
quired too do more than It possibly
can. A native ralat never gives his
land a respite. He makes it yield from
three to four crops a year, and the re-
sult is impoverishment. The land sim-
ply refuses to return a crop for some
years, and thus recuperates from the
strain to which it has been subjected.
It has been under consideration to
enact laws for the protection of the
soil, but the argument has been ad-
vanced that the ralat has to so culti-
,ate in order to meet the tax levied on
the land, This continual rotation of
crops has been the cause of famine,
and will continue to be the cause until
some means of protection is devised
for the overcultivated soil.
The plan followed by the Govern-
ment for giving relief is either by direct
monetary aid or by providing work.
Huge camps are formed in the center
of a famine-aflicted area, and there be-
tween the walls thousands are fed.
Their diet is rice ana chile water, and
each man, woman and child has an al-
lowance sufficient to keep body and
soul together. If under the diet their
condition so Improves that they are en-
abled to work, they are at once sent to
the engineer in charge of some engin-
eering work. Many miles of railroad

and large reservoirs have thus been
built through pauper labor.
The present distress probably covers
a larger area than in other famines
and the loss of life will probably ex-
ceed 5,000,000 of people.

Suar ia Z etmeite
It Is rather astonishing to fnd no
mention of sugar as a medicine in re-
cent literature. Its only use is in the
form of "81rnpus simplex" as a sweet.
alng agent. In the Aret half of the
freteat century It wra Tery different
Sugar was largely used for Internal
and external application, and also for
preventing decay of organic matters.
It was largely used for dressing
wounds. Even as late as 1885, Dr.
Fisher sent a report to one of the lead-
ing German journals on this treatment.
Many instances of its use In medicine
especially 'relating to fever are men-
tioned. The following Is a typical one,
being a communication from Count
Bernstorff to the Berlin Rundsehan,
relating his own experiences:
"I will relate a special action of su-
gar which I have experienced. During
the year 1888-1889 I was stationed at
Cameroon as navigating officer of the
cruiser 'Hableht, and I contracted a
bad ever during te may jonueys
In the marshy districts between Mimi
and Old Calabar. Besides severe diar-
rhoea I had violent bilious fever,
which, in spite of large doses of quin-
ine, still lcreased. Then came a burn-
ing thirst, which nothing could quench
until I accidentally drawn some sugar
and water. The result was quite sur-
prising; the tormenting feeling of
thirst disappeared, or was at any rate
very much mitigated, then the over-
production of bne diminished, and I
took no other food than sugar and wa-
ter, about ten or twelve glasses a day,
so that for five days I literally lived
on sugar. Later on when I have had
recurrent attacks of fever, even after
I had been some years at home, I have
always had recourse to the same treat-
nment, and always with the same re-
sult. My communication to a physician
in Ploen caused him to recommend
sugar and water to the inhabitants of
a large village on the Ploener lake who
were often attacked with fever. Good
results followed. The fever appeared
there after the draining of the lake, a
large part of the land becoming dry.
This caused a kind of malaria like that
described during the construction of
The author concludes by mentioning
the effect of sugar on the nerves, calm-
Ing and thus producing sleep.-Inter-
national Sugar Journal.

"More haste, less speed," and "hast-
en slowly," are proverbs born of ex-
perience that some things can't be hur-
ried without lo6s and waste. That is
specially true of eafing. The railway
lunch habit, "fve minutes for efrfesh.
ments,"ls a habit most disastrous to
the health. You may hurry your eat-
ng. You can't burry your digestion,
and the neglect to allow proper time
for this Important function s the be-
ginning of sorrows to many a busy
man. When the tongue is foul, the
head aches, when there are sour or bit-
ter risings, undue fullness after eating,
hot flushes, irritability, nervousness, Ir-
resolution, cold extremities, and other
annoying symptoms, besure the stom-
ach and organs of digestion and nutri-
tion have "broken down." Nothing will
re-establish them in active healthy op-
eralon so quickly as Dr. Pierce's Gold-
en Medical Discovery. It strengthens
the stomach, nourishes the nerves, pum-
Iea the blood, and builds up the body.
It it a strictly tempeaoe medicine
containing no alcohol or other intoxi-
Given away. Dr. Pierce's great work.
The People's Common aense Medical
Adviser Is sent free on receipt of
stamps to pay tht expense of mailing
only. Send 21 one-cent BfamMp for pa.
per covered book, or 31 stamps for
cloth binding, to Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buf-
alo, N. Y.

Cow Pea [aya41gl
I often see questions In your valuable
paper about curing cow peas for hay. I
have grown them two years and think
I have found a better way to um them.


A alight attack ot cramps may bring
on Diarrhoea, which In in many cases,
followed by inflammation of the stom-
ach and other dangerous complaints.
All such disorders are dangerous and
should in their infancy be treated with
the best known remedy. The merits
of Pain-Killer are known and it is rec.
ognised as the standard specific for
cramps, diarrhoea, etc., Avoid substl-
tutes, there is but one Pain-Killer,
Perry Davis'. Price 25c. and 50c.

To build a barbed wire fence, you
need the Fence Builder advertised in
this paper by V. Schmels, Sylvan
Lake, Florida. TYou save the cost of
it in one day's use. For unreeling wire
without carrying the spool and stretch-
ing, and for reeling wire quickly and
easily. One man does the work of four
by the old method. It will latt a life-
time. It stretches wire beyond the
last post and pushes the post against
brace. Adjustable to any position.
Weight only 30 pounds. Send for cir-

Now To Kill Jigger Fless On
For the Florida Agriculturist:
Saturate the spots where they fit
around the head thoroughly with ker-
osene, shut them up for half a day.
when the vermin will be dead and
you can brush them off easily.
I use a machine oiler for applying
the fluid, or a small brush from a muc-
ilage bottle, and for the brushing off
process I use a stiff tooth brush.
St. Nicholas, Fla.

"Jtmmy's rabbfR t drowned in our
"Goodness. Didn't -he 'have his left hind
leg with hlimr"-Indianmapol Journa.

The International Publlshing Com
pany of Philadelphia and Chicago,
have just published a new and later-
eting life of D. L. Roody. Also,
"War in Africa," and many other ele-
gant and useful books. The best terms
to agents. Apply to I. Morgan, Ku-
saimnae. State auent for Florda.


AL"U the Weak are Asiee to Pll Vicar
sandubmth at the Hands f tbe Greet
eas Hesalr of Madamrn Tlase
vem, H aveyom Pa in oadin Ce orak
Oak 003?Aewrnarom e

They are right to harvest about the
same time corn is right to put in silo. 1
had tweny acres ready to cut in the
fall of 1898, and it rained so often
I saw I could not cure them for hay, so
I mixed them with the corn in silo,
load about, and expected we should
have enough to fill it that way, but did
not and killed the last eight feet with
corn alone. When we got to where cow
peas were mixed in, it had kept better
and was liked better by the cows, and
was better every way than corn and
fodder alone, so in the tall of 1800 I
mixed the same way, but a frost came
and Injured the peas. We Aed one
silo with corn alone and found that
much the best siage was where cow
peas were mixed in, so in Chat way I
shall prefer to cure cow peas for stock
feed. I think they help to balance the
feed the same aelover. I would like
to use clover that way, but earn Io not
ready when clover Is harvested, and
clover harvest always comes when all
hands are needed in the corn Aeld; for
that reason it would ot suit me to
have a very large clover harvest. I
have used wnat Is med the Black
cow pea and the mere I Me them the
better I like them, but I td they must
bta harvested before frost for when
they have been bitten they rot rle a
potato vine. They make a larger crop
than clover and will grow on poorer
land, but gooa land makes larger yield.
I live in northeast Missouri; I do not
know how much farther north they
tan profitably be grown. If I had no
silo and it was Imposdole to build one,
I should grow them and make them
into hay the best I could, but I feel
sure that I would lose much of their
value for if they get' too dry, ever
Po little, the leaves crumble and I thing
when It was mostly dry- vines there
would be some refuse. In silage they
seem to sweeten the corn stalks so all
I6 eaten leaa. I run them through
the cutter the same as the corn.-
Hoard's Dalryman.

TH E--

That wiil kill
all the weeds
in yourlawn.

If you keep
the weeds cut
so they do not
go to seed,
andcut your
grass without
breaking the small feeders of roots
the grass will become thick and
weeds will disappear. Send for
Norristown. Pa.

Artlstio -

CUT1nD n11 ........

Ma rble

an. Srarnite.

roe Inrofrt - "
For cemete ars 4 lawn enclosur

All work garaaseed. PriEaresmaba.
OorrspoQnd with:: :: ::
Gi0. R. NIOHOL8 & 00'

Nice Batsuma oranges on Trifoliata
stocks, entirely unhurt by cold. Ale
peaches, plums, grapes, etc., Includind
the famous James Grape. A tow
thousand Tritolits seedling yet nu
sold. Prices low. Freight is paid
Bammit Nurseries
~eatillow Fla, .

Dr. Hnathwa ask,
85 as street. 5rraya so


Wood Ialp and Toretry.
The serious attention of tae lumber
trade sl being directed to the rapid de-
pletion of the American forests, and
the application of scientific forestry in
place of the present wasteful and de-
structive methods of being inculcated
by the forestry section of the Depart-
ment of Agriculture. -Some indication
of the immense consumption of timber
In the manufacture of news paper in
this country Is given in a excerpt from
an exchange which claims that while
It iS a well-known tact that the news-
apers of the world are using up the
rests for their supply of paper, there
Ire probably few people who will not
be startled at the announcement made
by one of the chief New York papers
that its Sunday llaster number would
take all the wood of forty acres of vir-
gin forest This journal claims to use
in its morning and evening editions
some eleven acres of woodland, pro-
ducig about 7,000 feet to the acre.
Something like 280,000'feet of timber
was used for the supply of reading
matter to New York by this one paper
Forestry, as has been pointed out by
an authority on the subject, has been
too generally regarded as an esthetic
fad, and Its scientific application mere-
ly an agreeable avocation of the very
wealthy. It ji, however, an import-
ance to our natural well-being far be-
yond mere esthetic considerations-
powerful though these may be. It
means the utility of vast areas of non-
agricultural lands in every part of this
country. By its application we are as-
. sured of the permanency of our lum-
ber supply and the stability of the lum-
ber trade.
The regulation and conservation of
the water supply of our principal riv-
ers is largely dependent on the tim-
bered lands, and the favorable influ-
ence of tree culture upon climate has
been well set forth by our forestry ex-
The application of scientific forestry,
however, owing to the slowness of the
growth of the trees, is not within the
means of any single person or organ-
ization without the control of great
wealth. The work for State or federal
governments, unless the faxation upon
forest lands shall be aboTished or re-
duced to a minimum.
One of the methods advocated for the
introduction of scientific forestry
where the destruction of the timbered
and non-agricultural lands has been
most marked, is the establishing of
national parks. An association has
been formed in Chicago to urge the
Mra.in l af la a1, M- ik M~iUn t6

of the butt of the tail, forces the skid
upward and snips it off about one and
a half inches from the butt. The skidl
then. when let loose, comes a little be-
low the bone and soon heals. He have
excellent success with this way of
docking, as the pruning shears seem to
have somewhat the same effect on the
blood vessels as the ecraseur does in
the castration of larger animals. If
the next is a ram lamb and quite
young it is held as before and the
operator again takes his shears, tikes
the scrotum between the left finger
and thumb, forces the testicles down
into the end of the scrotum and sips
off the whole thing close to his thumb
and finger. The lambs bleed but little
when quite small. If the lambs are
larger and more developed, the oper-
ator cuts off the end of scrotum only
with his shears, as before, then forces
out the testicles with thumb and fin-
ger, cuts open the striffing, As it is
called, pulls out the testicle till he can
scrape the cord in two, about two or
three inches from the testicles, with
the rough edge of the knife. This pre-
vents too much bleeding and seems
less hurtful to the lamb than pulling
out the whole cord. Never cut off the
cord with a sharp knife, or the bleed-
ing will be too great. In fact, I have
known of animals bleeding to death
when the cords were cut with a sharp
knife. It is better to pull the cords out
out than to cut them off so. Of course
there are other ways of docking. It
can be done by using a mallet and
chisel and laying the tail on a block of
wood to cut it off. This answers well,
but the wounds bleed more than when
cut with the shears and is not so handy.
There has also been invented for this
purpose a pair of nippers, something
like the hoof nippers. These are used
red hot and cauterize the wound, thus
preventing bleeding. We think tlso
that an ecraseur might be successfully
used, but it is an expensive instru-
ment. Whenever plans are used for
the purpose, get the docking and cas-
tration done as early in the lamb's life
as possible, preferably at from one to
three weeks old. By the methods of
docking and castration described one
hundred lambs can be docked an cas-
trated in a very short time. Of course,
with the improved sheep, all males in-
tended for breeding purposes should be
docked as being more cleanly for long
keeping. The pruning shears we use
have an adjustable blade and cost 35
cents at a supply house and the shep-
herd who has not a good pocket knife
is short in his outfit.-Farm, Stock &

Am-p Lg a a -rareC n- eJ olulvll -a,
and in Asheville, North Carolina, the
Appalachian National Park Associa- Improved fock.
tion has been organized for the pro- The question of improving stock is
section of the magnificent forests of one which is fastening itself upon the
the Southern Appalachian mountains minds of those engaged in the business.
by placing them under the regulation To attempt the improvement of the
of the Government as a national park. large herds of our State, and particu-
These efforts are strictly in accord larly Lee county, without a thorough
with the teachings of the forestry sec- study as to climatic conditions and pro-
tion of the Department of Agriculture per breeds to introduce would be risky
for the support of which the nation and, doubtless, a failure. The im-
makes a liberal appropriation. The provement of our native herds by in-
Congress will take suitable measures troducing new blood by a thorough
to give to the country the parks peti- system of pruning out of the inferior,
tioned for, with the vast economic re- raising only from the most hardy, best
forms which.they represent, may rea- developed as to size, symmetry of form
sonably be expected.-The Inland and constitutional vigor, everybody
Printer, Chicago and New York. must admit is a proper thing to do,
and the desired results certain and
sure. It is generally believed, how-
Row to Osatrat and Dock. ever, that our native herds, having de-
The earlier in life these operations teriorated for a long and injudicious
are performed, if the lambs are strong, inbreeding, cannot be readily improved
the less they seem to suffer from them. and brought up to that standard de-
We like to get the job done before they sired to meet the demand of the times,
are a month old. The ewes and lambs and the cattlemen are confronted with
are shut in close in one end of the the problem as to the proper blood to
sheep house to facilitate catching. A infuse into the native blood.
seat of some kind is placed just inside There are numerous breeds of large,
te pen roe tm one which hold them. heavy cattle many sr all 9 which
The operator also has an empty barrel would be all that the demand calls f6r,
or table on which to lay his tools-a but the vital question is, can any of
jack knife, sharp at the point and with those large, heavy beef cattle be suc-
a coarse, rough edge further back, a cessfully raised in this latitude and up-
pair of small pruning shears and a on the common grasses, indigenous to
whetstone. We also have an extra per- South Florida. Then the problem still
son to catch the lambs. The one who exists whether or not it would be wiser
holds the lambs now sits on his seat to select lighter breeds, possessing
and holds a lamb by placing the back equally as good beef, which would
of it to him and the rump on his knees, thrive and do well, raising two small
He then holds the right fore and hind 400-pounders when full grown and fat,
& inz Jhis r- lh. hand and the others or to select the lareer variety and raise
in his left. Tr It is a ewe lamb, the Op- one Ao -pounder, wien fulf grown aid
erator takes his pruning shears in his fat. The natural ambition of man is to
right hand and with the left takes hold raise the larger, and the public com-

nwends the man who raises the 800-
pounder and laughs at the man who
sticks to his little 400-pounder. But
the pocket tells the story and the bank
account makes no mistakes.
Ten years ago I fell in love with the
Jersey cattle, being at first impressed
that they were the most prolific cattle
on earth, and the idea presented itself
most forcibly that a blending of the
native Florida cattle with the pretty
little Jerseys would briiig good results.
Through the kindness of Miijd Hlied-
ning, then president of the i. C. & P.
R'y., I procured a pretty little Jersey
bull calf, two months old, bred from
one of the finest Jersey milkers in New
York City. The major crated the little
fellow, shipped him over the Mallory
Line to Key West, from there it was
shipped to Punta Rassa on a cattle
schooner, thence to Ft. Myers. This
little bull was unregistered, but was a
perfect Jersey in shape, form and col-
or. From the time I received him un-
til his days of usefulness had passed,
no more vigorous or healthful animal
e*er trod the Plorida soll. I selected
100 choice native cows, enclosed them,
and started it as near right as circum-
stances would admit, and the result all
along has never been unsatisfactory.
His get was vigorous and healthy, and
the three-quarters and seven-eighths
as well.
The heifers, almost without an ex-
ception proved to be fine milkers.
later other bulls were brought from
the registered herds of the famous St.
Lambert dairy farm in Leon county,
and one from the Petol dairy farm of
Bartow, Polk county, all of which
have proven to be vigorous, healthy
and strong. From the cows above
mentioned, and their descendents,
milk cows have been largely distribut-
ed throughout Lee, Degoto, Manatee
and Monroe counties, all of which,
when at all cared for, have given per-
fect satisfaction. During all of these
years I have observed their condition
carefully, and noted personally every
phase of their progress. To-day my
little ranch of about 20,000 acres grazes
a herd of about 400, mostly half,
three-fourths and seven eighths, with
a few full bloods, all as nice and sleek
as any one could desire to see.
The question naturally presents it-
self, what about the beef cattle? The
beef cattle have been sold and shipped
with large herds and the quality of
the beef has not had a good chance, to
be fully tested, but the beef cattle uni-
formly commanded from $2 to $3 more
per head than the range cattle, while
If they had been held over until they
were fully matured would have com-
manded not less than $5 more per head.
This may seem a little strange as
the Jersey cattle are of a small breed
and entirely outside of the list of beef
cattle. It has been demonstrated that
while they do not appear to be larger
frames, they are closely built, and
weigh more to their appearance than
the native. One steer, thirty months
old, entirely grass-fed, after shipment
to Key West, tipped the scales at 428
pounds. A fifteen months old steer,
grass-fed, was killed in the Fort Myers
market, weighed 300 pounds. While
these mentioned were possibly over
the average at their age they were all
along on the line of heavy weights. I
sold ten two-year olds to a butcher, to
be weighed when slaughtered, and
they weighed so well, that the purchas-
er remarked to me, "You surely feed
your cattle on lead..
There is absolutely no discount on
the Jersey grade as beef cattle, their
meat is as fine as man ever tasted.
When fed, which has been tested in
the case of milk cows, and some in the
matter of beef cattle, they respond as
quick as guinea pigs.
It is also demonstrated beyond a
aount mat tney win Increase raster
than any other cattle. I have for a
long time owned a grade of Bramin
cattle and in selecting cows to breed to
the Jerseys, I selected a few of those
showing a strain of Bramin, and the
offspring are certainly the prettiest
and finest cattle ever raised in Florida
or elsewhere. One heifer I sold as a
milk cow to Mr. D. S. Borland, of
Orange River. She would take the
premium in any exhibit of fine stock,
for iffy ifiy 6f fodrim efilffy, aFriFige
and, with all an Al milker. There
can be no doubt but that if the Florida

cattle could be well crossed with the
Bramin and Jersey that the Florida
c-ittle raiser Leed go no further on the
I,-e of imp ioed breeds until new light
could be tsrown upon the indnsrry.
There is a saying and a true one,
that grass makes the cow, True,
blood will tel in mai or beast, but in
the absence of good grisses or good
feed stock r-wiiing is a miserable fail-
ure. All fertile lands in Florida or
any other State produce abundantly
many varieties of ainduals; such 4is mil-
let, peas, potatoes, pumpkins, carrots
rutabagas, etc., Lee county not being
tn exception, but when we come to
perennials for solid, substantial graz-
ing, here in this low latitude it re-
quires much care and thoughtful prac-
tice and observation in order to secure
something reliable. The Northern or
Western grasses, as a rule, won't do,
ind the man who tries them will find
pretty soon the mistake. Southern
tropical and semi-tropical grasses nitst
be looked to for success. My experi-
ence is and has been that the Guinea,
Para, Bermuda( St. Lucie, and John-
son grasses, together should receive the
special care of all who choose to en-
gage in the culture of grasses.
Different soils of course should be
selected for these different grasses, al-
ways with an eye to fertility. Well
drained ana rich land for the Guinea
and Johnson grass, low bottom land for
Para, as it is a dear lover of water and
muck. Bermuda will do well on all
lands where Para grows well, but it is
not *so deep a wader, can't keep its
head above water two feet deep, but
when overflowed for weeks will be the
very first to show life and vigorous
growth; so with St. Lucie, so far as my
information goes.
Many other grasses might be pro-
cured from the tropics, which would
do well, but the stock men with a suf-
ficient acreage of the grasses mentioned
possesses a competency, and may en-
gage ii the stock industry with as
much certainty as in any line of busi-
unss. Particularly may he do so here
in our genial climate. Lee county,
with its vast area of land lying idle
capable of producing all these grasses
to a wonderful degree, presents a field
the most promising for all who are in-
clined to engage in the very pleasant
and lucrative industry of stock-raising.
To make such raising pleasant and
profitable, is one thing; to do it in a
slip-shod, half-handed way as I have
done is another thing. The slip-shod
way may keep the wolf from the door
and secure a competency, but to en-
gage in it as it should be will guaran-
tee a good bank accaunt,.with a com-
fortable surplus.
Any one intending to engage in stock
raising should prepare himself with
some capital, lots of patience and
pluck, and possess a good, level head,
subscribe for the leading periodicals
bearing upon agriculture and stock-
raising, save his barnyard manure and
plant grass, morning, noon and even-
ing, build barns of sufficient capacity
and save hay while the sun shines;
secure plenty of running water if pos-
sible, if not by natural stream, tnen by
art. Being thus fixed you have a
Klondyke of your own making, and a
fortune in the by-and-bye, unless the
world ceases to eat beef and butter and
drink milk. Don't forget to start In
with a choice selection of native Flori-
da cows, selected carefully as to form,
disposition and color, take extra care
of your weakly animals, particularly in
the rainy season and winter months;
the strong ones will take care of them-
selves. Be sure-to own the land you
occupy and improve it as if you ex-
pected to live a century. This princi-
ple strictly and intelligently adhered
to will affix a monument to your mem-
ory as lasting and a thousand times
mars BriirSMbe! than ono erected of
marble, stone, moiter 6o granite.
Let the cattle men wake up from
their old-time sleepy lethargy, and
grasp a golden opportunity at its flood
tide. Finer cattle, finer horses, finer
hogs, finer chickens, geese and ducks
will gather around them as a rich her-
itage and reward for their energy,
good sense and industry. The young
men will be inspired to push it to its
ultimnqtum, while the older man will
wonder why he slept so long upon the
6VI ff BffffnBi at 8 HB ciwlu ffle aP MI
the surface.--. A. Henry in Ft My-
ers Press.



Address all communications to the
editor, W. C. Steele, Switzerland, Fla.

glow QGrminslon.
Two weeks ago we gave an account
of some flower seeds which came up
very quickly. But all seeds do not
grow so rapidly, as many of our read-
ers can doubtless testify from personal
pexperene. s8o9 eed no wV gormi.
Late under a yea' or more, notably,
Clematis and Lilies, that s true Lilies,
not Crinums Pancratioms, Amaryllis
nor any of the numerous plants often
called "Lilies."
One variety of seed that is now offer-
ed for sale and is being planted to con-
siderable extent.- viz., Aralia quinqe
folia, commonly known as Ginseng, rip-
ens in the fall, should be planted at
once, and cannot be expected to germi-
nate until a year from the next spring
or eighteen months from the time of
Last year we planted some seeds of
Abutilon in a box. Some came up
very quickly, others a little later. Af-
ter waiting several weeks until it
seemed that all were up that would
come at all, we used the soil In the
box for potting plants, etc. During the
season several more came up in the
pots or boxes where some of the earth
had been used again. This spring sev-
eral more Abutilon plants have shown
thticmalvca, one within the last week,
over a year from the time the seed
were sown. Florists direction for sow-
ing and covering seed usually sey cov-
er the seeds about the depth of the di-
ameer of the seed. But these Abutil-
ion seeds have several times come up
from near the bottom of a pot or box
three or four Inches deep.
Last fall we received some seeds
from Texas of Sophora Becundifolla, a
native evergreen shrub or small tree,
said to be very ornamental. The seeds
resemble red beans, but are as hard as
bone. As usual with all such hard
seeds we tried the effect of scalding
water. Some of those seeds have been
soaking in water for over three months.
The water has been changed many
times. About every other day we pour
off the water and look over the beans.
One or two or more may be found swol-
len and softened, so that part of the
shell can be cut away over the germ.
1TnouI are pFtale at tv anUd the ret
put to soak again in scalding water.
Several dosen of these seeds yet re-
main as hard as the day they were first
put to- soak. We have had an almost
Identical experience with some seeds
of Iilmotj a ilnuata tills year. Hot
water has been poured on them repeat-
edly, and yet dozens of them are as
hard as ever, while others are growing
syringa Orandilorus.
As a shrub of great beauty and fine,
attractive appearance, Syringa Grandl-
florus has but few equals: The flowers
are about an Inch and a half in diame-
t~r, aiid of a pure dauding whiieness.
where I obtained a shrub, and trans-
the North about twenty-five years ago,
My first acquaintance with it was in
planted it in the dooryard. From the
next year after setting it out, the top
has been annually covered with Its
bloom, which is then crowded together
so thickly as to conceal nearly all its
foliage. Two years ago last winter I
also introduced it to Florida soil, with
the result that eighteen months there-
after, it bore thirteen clusters of flow-
ers;while this year the number has in-
creased to sixty-eight. As I have found
It, it seems to be an iron-clad, and too,
withstands both the heat of summer
and the cold of winter without any un-
favorable q9egMsagM Thb simislion
that I cared for Ia the North had at-
tained a height of ten or twelve feet
when I last saw it. M.

(We give the above Just as It was
written, but our contributor has evi-
dently made a mistake in 1is name,
The plant he describes is undoubtedly
Philadelphust grandifloras. commonly
called Syringa. Syringa is the botani-
cal name of the family of plants com-
monly called Lilacs. We are reminded
by this letter to mention a plant we
saw in a neighbor's yara this spring.
The bash has been there for many
years, as It is over ten feet high and
nearly as many In diameter. When

We UW It, I wah lItbillfy cveed with
blossoms. Thousands of them until the
bush seemed to be covered with a man-
tle of snow. The variety is not fra-
grant and is probably the same as de-
scribed above. Though we nave known
this neighbor for seventeen years and
been on the place many times we nev-
er happened to go when this shrub
was in bloom and had not noticed it.
It the scentless varieties will grow,
there seems to be no reason why the
fragrant ones should not alh. d9 wvll,
Some of them are as sweet scented as
orange blossoms and perfectly hardy
all over the North.-Ed.]

Sweet Scented Syringa.
This member of the Syringa family
has much the appearance of Philadel-
phus, but seldom attains a height over
eight or ten feet. Flowers are about
an inch and a half in diameter, gener-
ally growing in clusters of three or
four to the cluster, of the most ex-
quisite fragrance, from whiqh I infer
that it received its other name, "Mock
Orange." My two shrubs of It bloomed
nicely last year, but owing, I presume
to my letting a Cypress vine run over
it and take care of it during the sum-
mer, it failed to put on any bloom last
spring, although still vigorous, while
the other one bloomed in quite a pro-
fuse manner-a lesson that we ought
not to expect too much in return for
the labor and care we bestow. Last
year it bore up the two crops of bloom
that adorned it, so that it was entitled
to one year's rest. To one that is an
admirer of "Star Jessamine" and the
white flowering "Dogwood," t(Cornus
Florida) the sight of a Syringa when
in full bloom is a rare treat. M.

[The above was received after the
article on Syringa, Phlladelphus Gran-
diflorus, was in the hands of the prin-
ter. It covers much the same ground
as our editorial note, but with a little
Florida experience added. Ed.]

We have often asked our readers to
send us notes of their failures. As
much may often be learned from a
failure as from a success. In the last
number of the Mayflower, we find a
letter on this subject which is inter-
esting and amusing:
"n0 'suaVhlB likiu t6 hear of the
failures does she! Well, usually my
failures go out behind the stable, or if
I can not cast them off I lock them up
in an 'inside closet' and then destroy
the key and forget them. But here
are a few:
"Of two hundred or more Crocus
bulbs planted last fall, only half a
dozen appeared this spring. Of twen-
ty-three nice looking, well-rooted
double Petunias, twenty-one decided
that life was not worth living, and
straightway died; and with them van-
ished my visions of a lovely Petunia
bed to be. In my hotbed was planted
Radishes, Lettuce, Tomatoes. Pinks.
Lai5,S, Ut., whlen In one night up
bounced Mushrooms, took full possess-
ion and ousted everything else-which
might not have been so bad had not
my worserr half been afraid they were
'toadstools' and hastily sent them
where my other failures had gone be-
"We had a great deal of lee during
the past winter and in spite of all pre-
cautions my Pansies were under an ice
cake for some time, and where last
fall I had a bed of two hundred and
forty nice thrifty Pansy plants, I now
have just one. Having read in the ag-
ricultural departments of several pa-
pers how one could have in winter
plenty, of nice rhubarb for home use
and market by taking n Rhnbarb
plants, after a few fall freezes, and
putting them in a dark cellar, I tried
that and April first the crowns were
just starting into growth.
"Now 'Sunshine,' if every reader of
The Mayflower sends in as many fail-
urea as I have, I am MiIai 8Up 7ery
successful little magazine would in-
deed be a 'failure' If they were all

Is This the Tallest Hedge Known?
In the last number of American
Gardening, we find the following Inter-
esting item:
'The height of the great beech hedge
at Meikleour, Perthshire, Scotloand, Is

0 feet, and is perhaps the tallest
hedge in the world; at all events we
do not know of any to equal it. This
hedge of beech trees Is 480 yards in
.length, on the Perth and Blalrgowrie
road, about half a mile from the vil-
lage Meikleour, on the estate of the
Marquis of Lansdowne, and according
to tradition, the hedge was planted in
1746, thus making it 134 years old at
the present time. In the summer time
the hedge looked at from either end,
pencare to be a solid wall of green,
while in the autumn the varying tints
of the leaves form a sight most lovly
to behold. The proprietor has caused
the hedge to be pruned and trimmed
every five or six years. This operation
is performed by men mounted on large
ladders on wheels, which may be
moved from one end of the hedge to
the other. Large numbers of tourists
visit the hedge in the course of a year,
and occasionally parties come a consid-
erable distance for the sole purpose of
seeing it."

1Thunbergla lrecis.
All the climbing Thunbergias do well
in Florida in the open ground and
probably this variety will not prove
an exception. We are testing it and
shall report later in the season. The
following description is from Vick's
"Horticultural Hall, Audubon Park,
New Orleans, has now growing under
its vast dome, many of the choice and
rtre plants, flowering, fruit-bearing,
and economic, as well as botanical
curiosities, that formed the best part
of the collection exhibited at the great
Cotton Exposition, 1884-85.
"Palm trees ,ferns, bananas, and
hundreds of imposing plants that cause
the visitors to turn their gaze upward
toward the glass dome, are forcibly
and beautifully contrasted by the num-
erous bloomers, small coquettish plants
and climbers. Blossoming with the
apparent naturalness of wild flowers,
bright and pretty, but simple, the ef-
fect of such. plant as this violet-blue
thunbergia is exquisite, In contrast
with the tropical plants and vines.
These plants are labeled Meyenia
crecta in the Iall, and a novice would
never recognize them as Thunbergias.
Meyenia is the name by which the
plant was formerly called and before
it was recognized as a Thunbergia.
The plants average about three feet in
height, aud are trains 4 to trdllin
itslelaying every bloom on the one side.
Each flower is distinct, rather like a
Maurandia or Gloxinia than those of
its own class. The throat of the flower
is violet with a dark, almost black
splash. and the corolla blends into the
richest purple, with blackish border
around the wavy edge. The color of
the whole is difficult to describe. It
appears blue, violet, or purple, either
color in some flowers, but, taken alto-
gether, in the blendings, violet-blue,
deepening to purple is the velvet robe
it wears. It makes a splendid pot
plant, and in the Hall, the blooms have
been profuse from May until Novem-
s.r and stll pgntinning, Thunlhcrsi
erecta is as easily grown as the com-
mon Thurbergia. In Horticultural
Hall this plant is perennial. Doubtless
on the open garden, exposed to the
seasons it would lfe annual. Thun-
bergia cretalba is pure white, and in
finest possible contrast with the other
variety. The texture of the white
flowers is satiny on the border and
velvety in the throat."

Grapes in Florida.
In about another month grapes will
begin to ripen in this State and thou-
sands of boxes will be shipped to the
Northern markets. Florida has never
gone before the world, in the main,
only an an osrrfe, pineapple and early
vegetable State. When people come
here in May and June and find plenty
of ripe, luscious grapes, they invariably
express surprise.
Among the white grapes, the
Duchess, Lady Washington, Niagara
and Triumph are the best. The
Niagara is the better Florida grape of
the four, and "n my way of thinking,
the best of all grapes for this State. It
is healthy, a heavy bearer, and in beiu-
ty and lusciousness of fruit it is wi*h-
cut a competitor. From Orlaneo south,
the Niagara is at home, a sure cronper
and a money-getter.
There are more black and red varin-
ties than of the white that do well in

the state. The Champion. Concord
and Cynthiana are black grapes that
do well in all parts of the State. The
Hartford and Herbert, (Roger's No.
-14,) Ives and Merimac (Roger's No.
19), do well in South Florida. Most of
the Rogers Hybrids seem to be espe-
cially adopted to the Southern coun-
ties of Florida, DeSoto in particular.
There are several wine grapes that
ore a success in the State, especially in
the southern sand hill lake *region.
where the pineapple i a success. TIe
Monteflore, Neosho, Norton's Virginia,
Oposto and Telegriph, all American.
and excellent for wine. There are some
foreign varieties, but they do not seem
tr give the satisfaction of the Ameri-
can kinds.
The Wilder, one of Roger's Hybrds,
is a grand good grape for the far south.
producing admirably compact clusters
of fruit that are popular the world
There are several varieties of red
grapes that do well in Florida soil. The
Amber, Brighton, Delaware, (oett e,
Ilerbemont, Herman ,owa, Lindley,
Perkins and Salem are of the red that
can be relied upon. The Lindley is
very popular, and is said to take the
lead among the red grapes. In some
parts it is propagated under the name
of the Rock, but that is a misnomer.
One who has a vineyard of Lindley
and Niagara, has red and white grapes
that will bring him much money. Each
ix strong and healthy and a good erop-
per in Florida.
Foreign grapes seem to be a failure
in the Northern counties of the State.
It is safe to assume that the foreign
grape is not a success in many, if in
any of the United States. They do
not succumb to phylloxera, but to cli-
matic influences, which Is proved by
the fact that when grafted on resistant
stock, including our most robust varie-
ties, they even die sometimes sooner
than when grown on their own roots.
1 he most Northern limit of the foreign
grape is Alachua county, Fla. Some
of the foreign kinds do fairly well in
that part of the State south of Bartow,
but these do not give the satisfaction
that is given by the domestic varieties.
The foreign kinds expermented with
mostly are the White Fontighan, Flame
Tokay, Muscat, Hamburg, Black Ham-
burg and Alexandra. Many other kinds
have boon eLprimlngfd With, but did
not give satisfaction.
The cultivation of the grape will
bring great wealth to Florida. There
is so little competition to the Florida
grape that the success of the industry
is not affected by it,
Experiments are being made with
the raisin grapes in different parts of
the State. The result so far has been
great encouragement that the raisin
grape will be a success in this State.
The grape ripens in Plorida from
May to July. It is ready ofr shipment
at just the thie that it nas no com-
petition, and that it just the ime that
it brings the most money. Grapes in
t iry ouumnor-r, oranges in xaii anti win-
ter and pineapples the whole of the
year, is evidence of why the Florida
farmer and fruit-grower is never a
pauper.-Peter Prindle, Avon Park,
Fla., in Fruit-Grower's Journal.

"Tell me," said the youth, "the se-
cret of your happiness and content-
""Tis simple," replied the sage; "I
always discount my expectations 90
per cent."--Chicago News.

Dotop-ion arfgul yew wMK ISnM't
going to pull through.
Husband-Oh, yes, she will. I told
her I already had her successor picked
out in case she didn't get welL--Cli-
cago News.

Scorcher-How would you punctu-
ate "Look at that pretty girl in her
automobile come spinning down the
Putter-That's easy; comma after
"pretty girl" and after "automobile."
Scorther-I would rather make a
dash after "that pretty girl."-Auto
mobile Magaslne



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Pear Mlight.
Mr. Chas. O. Townsend, State Pa-
thologist of the Maryland Agricultural
College, writing to the Country Gen-
tleman concerning the extent of pear
blight in Maryland, and the proper
treatment of the disease, says:
Pear orchards on the eastern shore
and in Western Maryland examined
within the past few days show that in
certain varieties, suen as Bartdets and
LeContes, the blossoms and young
fruit are practically all dead. Klef-
fers have suffered much less than some
others, but even these, when growing
near other varieties that are more sus-
ceptible to blight, are sometimes seri-
ously affected. Since the blossoms
that have been attacked by blight are
pllt eveWT, the important question
is, how can the trees themselves be
saved? The organisms that have de-
stroyed the blossoms are still alive,
and are working their way downward
between the bark and the wood, and
unless something Is done promptly, the
lives at tbhoaSad of pear trees will be
destroyed. Fortunately, in mat Of tie
trees examined today the blight has
extended but a little distance below the
point of attack; hence by removing the
fruit spurs a large majority of the or-
ganaims win e asdftrmed. In a abart
time the disease will extend down-
ward through the spurs into the
branches, and finally into the trunks of
the trees, which will eventually be-
come girdled. The only known remedy
for this disease consists dn cutting out
and burning the diseased twigs and
branches. If this is done promptly
thousands of trees that would other-
wise be destroyed by the blight may
be saved, but every day reduces the
chaaces of marlfuvn i 6iii. Ui,
E8oIia ue talent not to spread the dis-
ease by means of the knife, and each
time after cutting a diseased branch
the instrument should be dipped in a
5 per cent solution of carbolic acid. or
the blade should be wiped with a cloth
i0rssu ed with thee autioa. The prev-

alence of the blight this year arises
from the fact that a number of Illight-
ed tres were allowed to remain over
winter, una to miusom ila oapi nij, It
is important therefore that we take
warning from this experience and see
to it that all blighted trees are freed
from the blight before next blosaum-
ing season arrives. It Is a safe rule to
cut whenever and wherever the blight
.woinars. but it is especially important
that no cases be allowed t6 Winter over-
In numerous instances we have found
that the cutting was not severe enough
to remove all of the bKght, and as a
consequence the organisms have con-
tinued their work almost as rapidly as
if no cutting had been done, until the
whole tree top was lifeless. The cut
surfaces should be examined, and un-
less they show perfectly healthy wood
and bark, the saw or knife should be
disinfected and the same branch cut
again still lower. It is very important
tia t a close watch be Kept Upon the
trees even after they have been care-
fully gone over, and should more of
the blght appear, it should be prompt-
ly removed. Considering the rapidity
with which the blight has increased
during the past two seasons, it is evi-
dent that the most heroic efforts must
be made to keep it in check, or certain
varieties of pears in this State will be
doomed. If trees now standing are not
worth the struggle, they should be dug
up and burned at once.
It must be remembered that the
same blight readily attacks the apple
and the quineo and occasionally other
kinlds 6f flult trPIS. Wilie tili lililit
was very destructive to apple blos-
soms last year, it is thus far much less
.srlous thiis season. In whatever trees
it occurs, however, it should be cut
out, since it is possible for' it to spread
from the apple to the pear, or from
the pear to the quince, etc.

A Maryland ePach Farm.
In a recent number of the Review of
Reviews, appeared ::The laian e shee
of a Small Maryland Peach Farmer."
This farm consisted of thirty acres,
situated in the Western Maryland
peach belt.
This view is suggested by an account
which appears in a recent number of
the Review of Reviews, on "The Bal-
ance Sheet of a Small Maryland Peach
Farm." This farm consisted of thirty
acres, "situated in the Western Mary-
land peach belt."
The story of the outcome for this
orchard is an interesting and inspiring
one, and is told by the owner, Worth
B. Stottlemyer: "For four years the
orchard was cultivated thoroughly,
while only slight crops were realized
the third and fourth years. However,
from a careful account made during
the time it was found that the cost of
cultivation was a little more than cov-
ered by the receipts from vegetables
that were raised upon the land in the
meantime. While the trees are oi their
first, second and third years the orch-
ard oan be planted in vegetables of Tr-
rious kinds without any perceptible In-
jury to the trees. The cultivation of
the vegetables cultivates the trees also.
"The fifth year we realized a fairly
good crop, and during fourteen years
we realized six crops from the orchard.
The aveYoag age of a healthy Fenc-h
orchard in this section of the oBuntry
ranges from ten to sixteen years, and
generally a good crop is realized every
other year.
"By careful records kept we find
that thei raragE amount of fruit nas8
each tree for the six crops was two
and eight-nirths crates, or a little over
two and a half bushels. Of course the
quantity varies very much. A large
healthy tree often yields five, eight,
ten or even more bushels, but during
the fourth year hardly any of the trees
yielded more than a peck apiece. Thus
on an average each one of our trees
produced fifteen bushes during its life-
time. In fact, the orchard produced
i4.5iu bushrel of aSlble fruit Ilri.
thm sale or these 44,364 Dusneis we
realized a net gain, over picking, crat-
ing, lshpping, commission, express,
etc., of $46,361.07. The net profit per
bushel would thus be a little over $1.
but in fact, this varies from 5 cents to
$6 and $8 per busheL

The "Common Oallard."
Mr. F. L. Merriam thinks the com-
mon. pleblan collard entirely too much
ntglsictd. WfiilM t me Atlahnts
Journal he says:
The collard Is of fnestalmble value
to every farmer at the South, furnish-
ing, as it does, something green for
man and beast during those months
when vegetables are scarcest, and oc-
copying in many cases land which
would ott-Ma U h S Dam atn unpruft-
able at this season It gives us avery
good substitute for cabbage, and six
months in which to use and market it
from the field.
The crop can be grown successfully
on almost any kind of land if well pre-
pared and fertilized, and can be made
to follow some grain, or early vegeta-
ble crop. Too much pains cannot be
taken in preparing thd land. It should
be plowed and replowed, and har-
rowed until it is thoroughly fined; not
imply fine on top, but all the way
down. People are very apt to be too
easily satisfied when preparing ground.
They plow it and barrow It over, and
if it looks smooth on top they think It
is all right, when s likely as not they
have a bed of lumps underneath which
will break the capillary power of the
soil to bring up moisture for the benefit
of growing crops Here is where the
advantage of replowing comes in; we
bring these lumps to the surface where
they in turn, can be made fine. I
know this replowing business is ex-
pensive; but at the same time it usual-
ly pays better than anything else you
Can o0, anal It is mochn moust rcoue i-
cal than to make a failure of your
crop. LRnd, at this season of the year,
when we are preparing for collards, Is
liable to be dry, in which condition it
breaks up cloddy, necessitating greater
care in working it down, and all this
work not only makes a fine seed bed,
but pays for itself by liberating large
quantities of plant food.
Try to prepare your land in advance
of the time you expect the plant, and
whe yofi6F 55 888 5 pt lay off
your rows about three feet apart and
apply in the drill at least 1.000 pounds
of some good high grade fertilizer to
the acre; stir It in well and put two
furrows on It. Last year we delayed
applying our fertillser until we were
ready to plant, with the result that the
fermentating guano killed a great
many of our seed, and forced us to re-
plant in order to get a stand. This
made the bulk of the crop late and
greatly inferior to what it would other-
wise have been. go now, we try to
apply our fertilizer at least two weeks
before planting.
Collards require a fertilizer analyzing
about a per cent. of ammonia; 5 per
cent, available phosphoric acid and 7
per cent. potash. A few of the fer-
tilizer companies make a high grade
guano similar to this. To make a gu-
ano analysing as above, take 300
pounds nitrate of soda, 750 pounds cot-
ton seed meal, 700 pounds acid phos-
phate, and 250 pounds muriate of pot,
ash to make a ton; or 00O pounds tank-
age (9 per cent.), 800 pounds bone meal
and 300 pounds muriate of potash, will
do equally as well.
Collards can be planted any time
from the 15th of June to the 25th of
August. The most successful growers
sow the sed la the gae, right where
they intend the Dpants to grow, ad
thin out the plants as needed for use,
leaving a stand to be eat later. The
ridge over the fertilizer can be fiat-
tened off, or opened, and the seed
drallld in mary much jon wounl tLin
nips; or If you prefer, they can be
dropped in hills and covered with- the
foot Of course, it will take decidedly
less seed to sow In a bed and trans-
plant, but there is always considerable
difficulty in getting plants to live when
transplanted in the summer.
Cultivate often, once a Sveek, if pos-
sible, as long as you an get between
the rows with a cultivator, keeping the
ground level and working shallow as
ihe piant ionams imreg, and you wWii
De urpnmned at Cme rmt

Citron of Commerce
Years ago a large, bitter citron was
brought from Cuba to Florida. Not
being the true citrO of commerce t

gave much trouble and disappointment
to those who tried to make citron peal
of it. After spending much time, labor
andIl a s I fvtP t ui and et to work
trying to pdCiurlf the true UitaiCan
citron. The first that came were a
worthless lemon, others were of infer-
ior citron. They did not want to have
their trade disturbed by Americans.
After several years of expense and
worry I finally procured the large
sweet citron from Corsica, and the true
ptoces to at them for market. I pro-
ceased some of a light color and some
quite dark. The Americans like the
light and the Europeans a dark color.
There is more profit in making the
light colored peal.
I found the soil and climate of this
section of Florida well adapted to the
production of citrons, of an excellent
quality, and a month earlier than those
cr Mediterranean. And we have not
such high winds, hail snow and frosts
that they have there at times. They
have such hard freeze that they pro-
tect their trees every winter.
I did not protect my trees and when
the heavy freeze came it cut most of
the citron trees to the ground. Being
raised from cuttings it was three years
before I had fruit again. With a little
protection they would yield large crops
It takes 80 lbs. of sugar to cure 100
lbs. of citron, so there is a profit on the
sugar as there is but little wasted.
The United States imports over
3.000,000, lbs. annually.
It is going to be a. money crop for
this section.
There is such a dumn d fWr sgt ~l-
fruit and oranges at this time that
everything else has to take a back
seat for a time. Any young man with
a little money, or a company, could
now pick up the citron business where
1 am leaving off, on account of age,(72)
and feebleness. I have brought it to
a point where all obstacles are passed.
It is no more an experiment in this
county, but an actual fact, worked out
under all the drawbacks of a new in-
dantry, awr ready tas ._ !n n"e ?
the staple products of Lee county.
The citron, lime, and lemon are all
about alike as to hardiness. Citron
trees should be planted 15x20 feet
apart. The 20 feet widths the way the
natural drainage would be, and mak-
ing it easier to get between the rows.
Citron trees are more bushy than the
orange and the heavy fruits bend the
slender limbs to the ground when the
trees are young. Their care and treat-
ment is the same as the orange. They
respond quickly to good treatment
bearing the third year from the nur-
sery cuttings. I have some little nur-
sery trees 3 years from setting the cut-
ting, that have fruit on them now,
and in bloom setting more fruit to
ripen in October.
As I said, I am too old and feeble to
set out any more trees, and all my
strength and means is required to look
after my Pomelo grove. o8 I will turn
over citron trees, or trees and land to
some one else without speculating off
them, I'll do the honest thing with
them, as I BfVe a prdoe In seeing the
citron put on the market. The build-
ing and outfit for processing the citron
la not an expensive one.
In Europe land is dear and it takes
ten times more capital to make a grove.
Stone walls and houses1 ditches, re-
ryaIr an&d earryi!ng dirt to plant
the trees in among the fecks; mfddle-
men to market and process the fruit
and put it on the market. Most of
their expenses would be avoided here.
In Leghorn, where the factories are
mnstil running an Fttmr. t th dth d
on England for their fuel (coke).
Egypt furnishes the sugar, Trieste the
boxing and the people are not pose-
eased of any extra skill or Yankee in-
genuity; they do everything In the
crudest way. With everything need-
ed at hand here, we could raise the
fruit, process it and sell it cheaper in
any country than they can.
It will be sooner or later, as I said
before, the staple article in this and
thde ~itSi .q--T T. ityrs. in Ft
Myers frea.

eaUsia HNayJ.n the Mtack
Here are a few simple rules for de-
termnling the amount of hay in a stack
or mew, whea t Is not coaveaent to


weigh it (says the American Culti
tor). Selling by measurements is
always the most satisfactory mett
but it is sometimes, the most conv
lent. Sellers are disposed to inl
that a cube of 7 feet is a ton. Thi
entirely too small, and will not we
out. How many cubic feet will mi
a ton depends on so many conditi
that no certain rule can be given.
depends on the kind of hay, whet
Tiiinothy, lucerne, or prairie; on
character of the hay. whether fine
coarse; on the condition in which
was put 'n the stack the length
tiin it has been there and par
ularly on the size, especially the de]
of the stack or mow. In a very la
mow, well settled, 100 cubic feet
iucrne or Timothy mar average
ton, but on top of the mow or
a small stack it requires 500 to !
cubic feet, sometimes even more.
Is not safe for the buyer to figure
less than 500 cubic feet, but in w4
filled stack In selling It would be sa
to weigh than to sell at that me
urement. To fnd the number of t(
; a f;S U w Qr iyAijd Slti;ltl i
length, depth and breadth togeth
and divide by the number of cuble fe
which, considering the quality of h
and the condition n which it was I
up, will make a ton. For long stac
o0 racks multiply the length in yaz
by the width in yards and divide t
product by fifteen and this should gi
the tonnage. To measure a cone-shap
stack find the area of the base
n.ultiplying the square of the cireu
v(five Ins feel by the decmlal .M78
and multiply the product thus obtain
by one-third of the height In feet, ci
ing off the right hand figures. T
correctness of this win depend son
what on the approximation of t
stack to a regular cone and if t
stack bulges out it makes the prodi
too small. The better way is to es
mate the area of the stack up in t
point of tapering in and apply tl
rule to the cone-shaped top. The be
way Is to weigh. The experience
weighing a few stacks will enat
any one to Jnde qultoe ozorretlf. A
other approximate rule for measurli
a round stack is this: Select a pl
which Is as near as possible to wh
the average sine would be if of mi
form diameter from the ground to tl
top of the point. Measure around t
to get the circumference at the rig
and divide the whole by 3.1559 to g
the diameter. Now multiply half t]
diameter by half the circumferen,
and the number of feet of the ciremu
ence area is obtained. Multiply by tl
number of feet the stack is high, ai
the solid or cubec feet in the whole
ascertained. Then divide by the nui
her of cubic feet in a ton, which rang,
all the way from 370 to 512, accordit
to the fineness and compactness of tl
hay. This will give the number i
tons in the stack.

oywingr opoomn.
The demand for popcorn increase
every year, yet the crop Is never equ
to the market, says Joel Shoemaker i
Indiana Farmer. Farmers do n,
consider the proAts of this special ern
or there would be more grown fi
supplying the demands. Popcorn r
quires about the same soll as that d
handed by the sweet and field vari
Cities A sod or vegetable mould, coi
taking more sand than clay, an
having previous lean culture is be
adapted to corn growing. If plowe
in the fall or winter and left to free
until the spring wee6s begin to gro
before planting, the land will be I
condition. This crop wants plain
food Ilke all others, but can get alo
with little nitrogen. An average fe
tiller might contain about 8 per cen
each of phosphorle field and potash an
perhaps 1i per cent to 2 per cent <
nitrogen; from 400 to 000 pounds pI
Pero would be considered a fair apple

$1,000 for a case of PMee we can't cure.
Write for free books. Address
Bellevitw, ...- -t- .

not "I want you to tell me plainly, doctor,"
d, said the rman with the fat government
position, "what is the matter with me."
'en- "Well, sir," answered the old doctor,
sist leaning back in his chair and looking at
Sis his beefy, red faced patient, "you are sut-
fering from underwork and overpay."-
igh Chicago Tribune.
her A rich lady, cured of her deafness and
the noises in the head by Dr. Nicholson's
or Artificial Ear Drums, gave $10,0000 to his
It Institute, so that deaf people unable to
of procure the Ear Drums may have them
ti- free. Address 1221c. The Nicholson In-
ptll stitute, 780 Eighth Avenue, New York.
512 RATES-Twenty words, name and address
It one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
on SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or
all- money refunded. W. H. Mann, Man-
for ville, Fla. 10x18-1900
as- FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
ns Grapefruit Trees 4,500 budded. Box Fl.
t 1 irlando: Fna-. Mf
er, THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers ol
et, Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
ay 18 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla
ay Ott

FAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail

postpaid for 25c per dozen. Good sized
plants ready now. W. S. PRESTON,
Auburndale, Fla. 15-tf
FOR SALE--A few trios of Buff Ply-
mouth Rocks; also eggs from two
yards, not related. Mrs. F. R IAB-
KINS, Mannville, Fla. 7-s2
LAND TO RENT-In South Florida for
what it will produce over $300 pr. acre.
Party must have some money. I. M.
DE PEW, Palmasola, FPh. 20x32
LODGE, Plain or Society Shield, Silver
Key Checks with your name only 10c.;
with address 25c. K. RING, 1003 G
street, N. W., Washington, D. C. 23x28
EGGS FOR HATCHING reduced to 50c
per dozen, Jamaica sorrel plants 10c per
dozen, .ctron melon seed 2 o. 10c. AL-
BERT FRIES, St. Nicholas, Fla. 3x25
ROSSELLE makes splendid sauce, jelly,
pies, pickles, wine, shrub, etc.; 2 dozen
plants mailed for 25c; large, 20c dozen.
-" ., 1- pF .haS.. N. THIOMys
SIN, Avon Park, Fki.
Park, Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year
citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address C. W. FOX, Prop.' 13tf.
FOR SALE--100 cash. Eight acres of
high pine land near DeLand Junction;
5 acres cleared, three acres of which are
in grove, the balance of the tract is in
timber. Small house and a well on the
place. Address T. M. H., care Agricul-
turist, DeLand, Fla. Sty
WE HAVE complete list American man-
ufacturers. Can buy for you at lowest
prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
gines, hollers, incubators, windmills, or
anything wanted. Correspondence so-
Jacksonville, Fla. Otf
proved most efficient in preventing and
curing Hog and Chicken Cholera and
kindred diseases. It is also a fine con-
dition powder. Sales are Increasing. If
your dealer don't keep it we will mail
it to you on receipt of price 25c per %
lb. Liberal discount to dealers. ISAAC
MORGAN, Agent, Kissimmee, Fla. Mltf
ermation. Arrangements are perfected
for doing your work promptly; our ca-
pacity being twenty bushels an hour.
Get your beans in early, and we will
store them for you free of charge. Our
charge' for hulling Is but 15c a bushel
for the beans after they are hulled, 60
pounds to the bushel. E. O. PAINTER
& CO., DeLand, Fla. Otf.

No matter-my 4-page Bee Book
Tells XHO-Tw-
It will inte est and please you. I know it
will. Infree. Wrte today-he honey ea-
son's coming J.1. JeAnkis. Welu,.a.,

SThe Practical
WI I\ SEa.o.
PlRca $a.-..
SylvanLake, Fla
"Certificate Am. Iiust Fair."

Budded on either Sweet or Sour All Standard varieties of Orange,
Orange, Rough Lemon or Citrus rape Fruit and other citrus fruits
Trifoliata Stocks in stock . . . . .

Trees HMdded on Citru Trifofta ear youag aid are
especially suited where atil protectio Is used.



Complete Stock of all Classes of Fruit and Ornamental Trees.


Coespondadac Selkied.

sd xdric Fee sad Poultry

Jacksonville, Florida.

Farmers' Attention I



Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
and everything in (rove and Farm Iaplements and Supplle
Poultry Netting rW Ar.b".w Columbia Bicycles
GEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.




. FROM .



Thence via Ship. sailings om Savannah, Pour Ship each wcck to New York and Two
to Boston. All tircet agents and hotels are suppled with monthly saig schedules. Write
for general information, sailing schedule, tateroom reervatios, or a on
g. HIINTON. Tramle ISr., WAsrTr a IW IMN, en. A.,
Bavanah, Ga, 124 W. Bay t., Jacksoaville, Pla

To reduce our enormous stock of pot-grow piats, consistingof
iS aboSut hafa-miio Tropical sand Sei-Tropisl Fruit trees, Bcono,
mical. Medicinal, and Useftsl Plats and tteem Bamboos, Conifrs.
Palms and Ccads Ferns. Miscellaneous ornamental vines. creepersm
shrs, ad a lowering plates, we win uatil JULY PIRST oflr any
and ah a cash discount of 33 1-8 per cent fbl our list price
When order amounts to $1.00 and over, byexpres or frght;If plants
are wanted by mo" a discout of0 per cet only wi be allowed.
We have a l e tock ol sc plnt as P as, mangoessapodila.,
S star-aFppk o loyuats,canpor, etc. etca, an healthy and
-free ftrm in cts. On Cru stock we can only allow usual discount
j of 20 per sen., when order amounts to 1.00o or over. Send for el.
gat eataloge, most compete i ed i the Sort (fr and gse
some buqabsfu. e"RBINsR IBO, Oneco, Florda.

JAA A )RL pltbymi



Address all communications to the
Household Department, Agriculturist,
DeLhIa, lrl.

xoms4ao WMrdrobe.
A wardrobe s an article of furniture
that, indispensable In itself, is nowa-
days often crudely arranged from mere
shelves and curtains by those who eith-
er do not care to go to the expense, for
the time being, of the genuine article,
or find in the rough, home-made
piece of furniture, If not so elegant an
article, at least a more spacious one
than the finished specimen from the
shops says an exchange.
At any rate for one reason or
another, the inexpensive home-made
wardrobe flourishes in many a girl's
bedroom. But no' provision is, as
rule, made tor the reception of hats,
and the care of millinery is a very se-
rious point, for a large brim requires
an adequate amount of room otherwise
It is liable to be bent out of shape and
the beauty of the hat is ruined.
A wardrobe could be arranged to run
straight along the wall or to fill an an-
gle of the room, consist of a top shelf
or roof, just as long and wide as you
please, two side wings, a bottom shelf
(this might be dispensed with), a set
of nests at the left for hats and shoes
and a front curtain. As there is a fair
amount of waste space at the bottom
of the wardrobe, the idea is that the
smaller nests for boots and shoes
should be continued the entire width
of the wadrow l, from right to left. -An
extra wing of wood, with fixed shelves
at intervals running the entire elig
of the wardrobe, portions off the neces-
sary space for hats.
There need be no wooden back to the
wardrobe, but the interior must be
hung with chints, and at the back and
at one side there should be rows of
pegs screwed to a ledge of wood fixed
to the wall. If the wardrobe were
made extra high, an Inferior shelf fo*
lace boxes, etc., might be added at the
top, above the pegs for coats and skirts.
The outside of the roof can, of course,
be utillized for small boxes that are not
in every-day use. The front of the roof
is decorated with a carved wood mould-
ing that gives importance to the
scheme, and below the moulding is a
thin brass rod, resting on screw hooks,
and on to which is run a curtain of ar-
rae cloth or cretonne, If a thin mater-
ial is used it should be lined, otherwise
dust is liable to penetrate freely to the
interior of the wardrobe. It 1i advis-
able also-to weight a thin material, so
that the curtain is kept firmly down to
the ground.
A wardrobe according to this design
could be made cheaply, as the wood
used, serving merely as a skeleton
framework and bearing no weight,
need be no thicker than match board-

Summer Day SuitL
It really Isn't until the first days of
summer fall upon us and and prostrate
us with their fierce heat that we begin
to realize our true needs for the sea-
son's wardrobe.
Not it Is that our minds take a sud-
den turn from the beguiling aesthetics
of summer trappings and occupy
themselves with the serious question
ot how to keep cool; now it is that the
selection of our summer outfit becomes
no longer a matter of pleasing ourselves
In the fashioning of charming effects,
but in the serious problem of equipping
ourselves for the battle with the weath-
er which It at haaL
What could be more delightful than
to lay in a lavish supply of' those
charming summer gowns of filmy mull
and vaporous organdle? o8 expressive
are they of summer! 8o suitable for
languid 16lma on the plama of an ar-
ternoon and evening! The very look of
them is refreshing and cooling, but
when summer really comes we find out
that it Is not made up altogether of af-
ternoons ana evenings. We begin to
feel that we shall know noons and
mornings that will be fearful and stif-
ling, and we remember that by the per-
versity of all human customs these thin
and airy affair may not be donned un-
til the hot day has done its worst and
left us a few hours of shadowed rest.
The suitable summer dress for morn-

ings and noons, for business and short
railroad jourqeys, or days of shopping
and other painful occasions when we
are obliged to brave the sun's scorch-
ing blast and go into the world clad in
S8nv8ati ?Lf1 treot droeaq is what we
are figuring upon now. How to make
it look quite compact and spruce and
yet be cool and not oppressive.
The unlined skirt is coming conspic-
uously to the front in this noble cause,
and gaining a great popularity-oh,
what a joyful deliverance it is to the
wasted energies and bedraggled spir-
its of women who meekly try to bear
the burden and stuffiness of the regu-
lation tailor skirt.
There are a thousand and one occa-
sions In summer when a wash gown is
Impractical and the light skirt of other
material is a boon. The shops are now
brimming with unlined skirts which
are so cleverly put as to hang perfect-
ly without the assistance of a lining.
These skirts are made of light-weight
woolens, of homespun and 6ther loo0e,
ly woven materials, and of mohair 81-
ciliennes and alpaca. They are also to
be had in black and colored taffeta and
India, and look very trig with a pretty

strawberry Recipes.
As the strawberry season Is now at
its height, the following recipes will
no doubt prove helpful to our readers:
Good berries are now being sold at
10 cents a quart, and later the home
beds will furnish a supply so that tha
strawberry season this year ought t.
be a long one. While strawberries last
It is an easy matter to plan a dessert.
The beat ahort cake is uaewe6ten"d,
and the nicest shortening is cream,
then butter, and, poorest of all, lard.
Most cooks have their own rules for
short cake, but any good biscuit dough
shortened may be used. If cakes are
to be separated do not cut them with a
cold knife, as this will make the dough
soggy. Cut around the edges and then
tear apart. Another way is to roll the
dough out in very thin sheets and
spread each slightly with butter; lay
two or three together and pull apart
after baking.
ltranwherry I)umiilinan.-P'ut onr
pint of sifted flour into a bowl, rub into
it two ounces of butter, a teaspoon
of salt, a heaping teaspoon of baking
powder and about one-half cup of milk
to mix quickly. Roll into a sheet one-
quarter of an inch thick, cut into cakes
with a round biscuit cutter; put three
strawbermres in each cake; fold over
neatly -and steam 20 minutes. While
they are steaming make the strawberry
sauce; beat two ounces of butter to a
cream, adding gradually half a cup of
powdered sugar, then add 12 straw-
berries, one at a time, mashing and
beating until the whole is perfectly
light. If it has a separated or curdled
appearance add a little more sugar and
set in a cold place until wanted.
Strawberry Short-Cake.-Into a pint
of four sifted with a heaping teaspoon-
ful of baking powder ruib' a level table-
spoon of butter. Mix with about one-
half pint of milk. Do not roll but
flatten out with the hand about three-
quarters of an inch thick. Bake 18 or
20 minutes. Take from the oven and
tear apart. Butter the split sides and
spread with fresh berries either whole
and dredged with sugar or crushed and
sweetened. Pile one section on its oth-
er half and serve with cream If possI.
Fresh Strawberry Pie.-Make a
short crust and bake in a deep shell.
Hull and wash two quarts of berries.
cover with one large cup of granulated
sugar and wash slightly. When ready
to serve fill the shell; pile on a merin-
gue made of three stiffly beaten whites
of eggs, three tablespoons of sugar,
one-half teaspoon of vanilla. Brown
delicately in a moderate oven.
Mrs. Lincoln's Strawberry Short-
Cake.-One pint of sifted flour, one
scant half teaspoon of salt, one-half
teaspoon of soda, one-quarter cup of
butter, one cup of sour milk. Mix
and pat into a flat cake and roll out
half an Ich thick. Cut into rounds
with a biscuit cutter and bake 10 or 15
minutes. Tear open and spread each
half with softened butter. Put half of
the cakes on a hot plate. Mash a pint
of strawberries, sweeten to taste and
put a spoonful on each cake; then put
',other layer of cakes and whole ber-
ries well sugared. Serve with cream.

Why She Stayed.
"I declare I'm just clear fagged out
with this everlasting house-cleaning,"
exclaimed a tired-looking house-maid,
leaning on the fence which divided the
Im.ack rards of the two most preten-
tious homes in ntie thriving village &f
"You do look tired, Mary," replied
her rosy-cheeked friend on the other
aide of the fence. "I wonder why the
work is so much harder at Mrs. Cold-
or's than at Mrs. Brown's. We have
been cleaning house two weeks, but I
don't get all tired out as you do."
"Well, I should hardly know you
were cleaning house if you didn't tell
me so, and a look at this yard any day
this week is enough to convince one
that the inside of the house is topsy-
turvy from top to bottom."
"That is so, and I overheard Mrs.
Brown saying to her husband, 'It is too
bad that Mrs. Colder does not manage
her hougs-cleaning differently. It
would be so much easier for the
help.' "
"Well I wish you would tell me how
Mrs. Brown manages hers. Of course
it won't help me while I am here, but
Jim and I expect to have a home of
our own next fall," blushing rosily,
"and I want to know how to take care
of it."
"O, I'm so glad Mary. Jim is a good,
steady young man and I think you will
have a real happy home. As you say,
it is best to know just how to take
care of it. Well, to begin with, Mrs.
Brown is quite careful not to let the
house get very dirty. If a door or win-
dow gets soiled she has me take a basin
of warm water with a little pourline
and wash it. I also sweep down the
walls with a cotton flannel bag over
the broom once in a while. Before we
begin the regular house-cleaning, the
bedding is examined and if a feather-
ied or pillow is soiled, I take it into a
tub of warm pearline suds, wash it un-
til the tick is clean, then rinse well and
dry in the thiade, where there is a good
breeze. shaking it often for several
days to lighten the feathers. She nev-
er has the wash-woman do such things,
as she might not be careful enough,
anil Idqn't mind doing it at all. We
made over one of the mattresses tis
Sl-ring. and it is as good as new."
"Well, I like that Idea of doing the
odd jobs first, but even after you be-
gin the house-cleaning, you don't have
such a mess of it as we do."
"One, we take only one room at a
iimiw. We -lealr everytlhng out, swveelp
the ceiling, walls and floor, then wash
the wood work and windows with a
warm pearline suds and have windows
open a few hours to thoroughly dry and
iir the room. While it is drying, we
dust and polish the furniture, beat the
carpet and rugs, and have everything
r ady to put back in the room. It
docon't ccla very hard work, but if a
room takes nearly all da.y we do not
try to clean any the next day. Mrs.
Hlown says it doesn't pay to over-
work one's self or the help when there
ire more days coming in which the
cleaning may be done."
"I don't wonder you like to stay with
Mrs. Brown. How long have you been
"Three years, and I expect 'o stay
until John comes back from his two-
years voyage; then we, too, shall try
housekeeping." Experi ol >y.

laundering Fine Napery.
Hang your linen to dry using two
lines comparatively close -nl lparallel
for your tablecloths. iAlso for sheets.)
Throw one selvage oSde of your table-
cloth over one line (toward the other).
allowing it to hang down about a quar-
ter of a yard and being careful to pin
it a short distance from the ends. Taket
the opposite side of your cloth and
throw it over the other line. facing tile
first line. and pin it in the saum maln-
ner. This will form a sort of bag. and
will prevent. to a considerable extent.
the wild blowing: of the tablecloth in
windy weather. After the table-
linen is thoroughly dried remove it
from the line and prepare to dampen it.
A whisk-broom is excellent for this
purpose. Table-linen .n order to bring
out tile bright gloss that makes it so
attractive, should be dampened very
considerably. Sprinkle the tablecloths
very freely, being sure that the selvage

ends or hemstitched borders are thor-
oughly damp. Roll up tightly pat-
ting the roll frequently, to spread the
dampness. The napkins and doilies
should be arranged alternately one
upon the other-first a napkin dry from
tlw li e, (Ollt ouis wilicl liltn bIrue
wrung out in warm water, then a dry
napkin, and following it another wrung
out in hot water, and so on. Then roll
tightly toget ler.-Woman's Home

Milk, Meat and Grains.
When meat contains 85 per cent. of
dry matter (15 per cent. being water)
the 85 pounds of dry matter would be,
at $2 a hundred pounds, about 2 1-3
cents a pound (deducting the water).
Milk at 3 cents a quart is about 1'/4
cents a pound, hence 100 pounds of
milk would cost $1.50, of which about
15 pounds (at the highest) would be
solid matter. Milk averages about 12
pound- of soklds to 100 pounds. The
grain is probably cheaper, but the milk
solids are more complete in the food'
elements. Bran is cheaper than either,
and to economize in feeding the bran
should be given by mixing the soft
food with milk. Milk is not sufficient-
ly concentrated, hence the hens cannot
drink enough of it to satisfy them, so
far as solid matter is concerned. Milk
(100 pounds) contains 3.41 pounds of
flesh-formers and 11.23 pounds of heat-
producers; skimmed milk, 3.06 pounds
of .flesh-formers and 6.15 pounds of
heat-producers; beef, 22.49 pounds of
flesh-formers and 9.08 pounds of heat-
producers. One analysis of milk
showed 14.64 pounds of solid matter,
tr'o alinIUeI, ltarly 3li llollntla. bring
water. Of the 14.64 pounds only 3.41
pounds were albuminoids-flesh-form-
ers-the Iblance, 11.26 pounds, being
hear, fat and bone producers. Skimmed
milk has a little over three pounds of
ticit -fornmer and about lhan as much
heat-producing matter as fresh milk.
Beef (lealan has nearly seven times as
much lficll-formlors 8as 'kilmmid milk,
,nd not as much heat and fat as fresh
milk. Now, the point to be notice is
that in order to secure three pounds of
flesh-formers the fowl must drink 100
iloundu t(ualply Qfity qu:irts) of milk.
Hence, 100 pounds of lean meat give
oearl.v tile same results as 700 pounds
of skimmed milk (about 350 quarts).
Beef also contains about 70 pounds of
water in its composition. Milk will
not. therefore, answer strictly in place
of moat, as it is not coneentrated. In
other words, the hen could not drink
enough of it, owing to its bulk, to de-
rive the sanle.results as from meat.
Milk cln be fed to poultry in any
condition, either as skimmed milk, but-
termilk, curds or when mixed with
meal or found grain of any kind. It
is a valuable food for egg production,
being rich in albumen, and supplies
many substances that may be lacking
in other foods. It is cheap on those
fal'rms where only the cream is desired,
and it will give better results with
poultry tlihn when fed to pigs.-Farm
and Firerde.

"He has a greut faculty for putting
the cart before the horse."
"Oh, I wouldn't say that. Say he
hns a habit of trying to make the
wheels run the motor,"-Automobile

Mrs. Neighbors-I understand your
cook has given you notice. What's the
Mrs. Suburban-I don't know; but I
think she doesn't like my cooking.-
Chicago News.

"That automobile driver of yours
smelled dreadfully of peppermint."
"That was my idea. You couldn't
notice the gasoline, could you?"-Auto.
mobile Magazine.
"Have you any nice light bread?"
asked a prospective customer in a bake
"Yes'm," replied the new boy; "we
have some nice pound loaves that
weigh only ten ounces."-Chicago



Address all communications to Poul-
ty Department, Box 200, DeLand, Fla.

Nggy ANsepa.
In discussing the above subject, the
Iowa Homestead concludes as follows:
"We have come to the conclusion
that anything with a record of less
than 80 eggs is very bad that 100 is
good, and that 190 or 150 is seldom
passed. The average record among
many good poultrymen ranges from 80
to 120 and very many only 60 to 70.
All flocks whose record runs from 150
up may be found in catalogues and
may be considered as advertising puffs.
This record is made by selecting a few
pullets and the record is kept for a
short space of time and the whole year
figured by the average of this short
record. It is not a difficult matter to
select six pullet if January out of a,
flock of 50 that will lay In first three
months of the year nearly as many
eggs as the other 44 and double their
average for the year. We do not ex-
pect to be contradicted by the person
who keeps large number of hens, but
the man with a puff in his catalogue.
will probably take exception to this
"In a state of nature, or in the ab-
sence of any selection in breeding,
hens only lay from 36 to 40 eggs each.
Exceptional cases occur, however,
where they probably lay 200. In a fock
of 50 will be found hens that will lay
all numbers between these extremes.
We have before as a table showing the
average egg yield of tne several
breeds of fowls and the average
egg yield per hen, runs from 90 in the
Colored Dorkings to 150 given to
the common hen. In the general pur-
pose breeds the highest record is 120
credited to the Langshans; in the meat
breeds, the highest record is 115, cred-
Ited to the Light Brahmas, and in the
egg breeds, the Leghorns have the
highest record, which is 125.-Farm &
Coops for Balng amall Chickens.
There are many people who do not
have the right theory for raising small
chickens, says Southern Farm Life.
They simply hatch them, put them in
a box or some other contrivances, so
scanty that can scarcely resist the
rain and storms which so frequently oc-
cur during the spring season, then
place in some out-of-the-way place and
throw their food on the ground where
all the fowls on the premises can
feast upon, and give the poor little
chicks no time to eat their meals. No
wonder they complain of having" no
success in poultry raising. There are
many ways in which coops are made
for their proper protection and com-
fort, yet there are some which are bet-
ter than others. But making coops for
rearing early spring and winter chick-
ens is, it seems no easy fask, yet they
can be made without much skill or
practice, but those who have had much
experience in poultry raising are more
able to construct a more perfect coop
or cot which is more suitable than
those made by the inexperienced poul.
try raiser. I have made a coop which
I believe to be very satisfactory, con-
sisting of one double and two -single
coops and two wings or flat coops
with an incline glass id the
front which will give a better idea than
words can illustrate. The pen or din-
- ing room under the glass is divided in-
to two parts, for each coop and its in-
habitants. The hen is placed in the
coop and by a small opening in the
side of the coop will admit the chicks
into the a.ning room. My idea of the
addition or dining room under the glass
is for the small chicks to dine in and
for pastime; it also affords more room
for them in wet and cold weather, by
the sun shining through the glass will
cause warmth and light which they
admLre very much.
They must be kept dry and warm;
therefore they need a clean, dry and
cosy coop. I feed the hen in the coop
with large grain and the chicks in the
other room with food especially pre-
Dared for them; in this way the hen
cannot eat tie rood of the young Before
they have time to eat ft themselves.
The floor is loose so it can easily be
cleaned out when necessary by simply
lifting the coop from the floor and can

ite washed off with ease. I have the
floor elevated about six inches from the
ground by laying bricks upon each
other or by driving stakes down into
the ground at the covers, thus leaving
space under the coop to prevent rats
from harboring under the coop as is
often the case when set upon the
ground. It also prevents rotting and al-
so affords shade for the chicks from
the hot mid-summer sun. It is a pleas-
ere for them, for they lie to hide and
creep under the boards and other
things. This gives them exercise which
is a very essential thing in raising
young chickens. By a lid or shutter
it can be made rain-storm and rat
proof, protecting them from the depre-
dations of the numerous pests, which
haunt the poultry yards during the

Early and late C~Mcks.
Large chicks for roasting are always
in demand, and they bring fairly good
prices. They should weigh about two
and one-half pounds each, and are usu-
ally sold by the pair. The early chicks
are know5f as "broilers," and should
weigh about one and a half pounds
each. The terms used are for designa-
ting the purposes for which they are in-
tended, the "broilers" for broiling, and
the "roasters' for roasting. Tt the cock-
erels become too large they will sell as
cocks, the tall combs being detrimental
to their sale in market The late
chicks should be confined and made fat
before sending them to market, as such
chicks do not command a high price
unless they are attractive in appear-
ance. Some seasons they are scarce,
and bring twenty cents a pound, but
usually a pair will sell for seventy-five
cents, and as they are raised during
the warm season the cost of produc-
tion is less than for the early ones. It
is admitted that the early chicks pay,
and a comparison of the early and late
chicks shows that the farmers and
poultrymen can profitably hatch chick-
ens every month in the year. The
early chicks sell for them twenty to
thirty cents a pound, but must not
weight over one and one-half pounds
each when sold, while the late chicks
will sell for twenty cents and may
weigh as much as three pounds each.
The demand is for early small chick
and late large ones. The prices received
are about equal for the early and small
chicks. The early chicd can be pro-
duced during the winter when work is
not pressing in other directions, while
the late chick is capable of helping
l.imself by a range over the farm, hav-
ing warm weather in its favor. The
early chick must be fed all that it re-
ceives, and requires careful watching.
The eggs from which the chlscks are
hatched in winter cost more, and are
not as fertile as in summer, but on the
other side, the late chick must contend
with lice, hawks, cats, rats and other
destroyers, while the early chick is
protected under cover. in brooders or
coops.-Farm Fieside.

The Origin of old Storage.
It is a curious fact that, although
dwellers in Northern climes must have
known for ages that a low tempera-
ture preserves flesh from putrefaction,
is never seems to have struck any one
that this natural fact could be turned
to artificial advantage until Lord Ba-
con stuffed the historical chicken with
snow. and thereby caught a chill
which killed him. It is perhaps even
more curious that an experiment result-
ing in the death of one of the most
eminent men in the world should not
have called any attention to an already
well-known principle, which might
have been readily turned to great ad-
vantage. As a matter of fact, it was
not until the year 1875-249 years af-
ter Lord Bacon's fatal experiment-
that freezing was practically employed
as a method of preserving flesh. This
was the commencement of the frozen
meat trade between America and Eng-
land. Four years later a dry air re-
frigerator was perfected, and the sys-
tem on which this was constructed
has since become practically universal.


Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gaines-
ville to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special inducements to pur-
chasers of Seed Oats, Seed Potatoes, Velvet Beans, etc.


800 POUNDS-.


Address all orders and inquiries to
P. F. WILSON, Jacksonville, Florida.


New York
delph'ia &
T: +rf-



Paurnger Service.
To make e connec-
tions with steamers leave
Jacksonville (Union de-
pot) Thursdays t:15-. m.,
(F. C. & P. By.)or Fernan-
dina 1:0 p. m., via Cum-
berland steamer; meals
en route, or "al rail" via
Plant System at 7: p. in..

ar. Brunswick 11:3j p0 m.
9~~ra L ^^^^^^o^ r-C Lpaenpers on arrival go-
From Brunswick direct to Ing directly abrria bteo
New York. er.
PBOIPOeD SAILINGS for June, 1900.
RIO GRANDE......................... ........ ... Friday, June 15.
S. S. COMAR............................. ................Frday June 22.
S. 8. RIO GRANDE.................. ..............Friday June 29.
For lowest rates, reservations and full information apply to
220 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fa.
H. H. Raymond, Agent, Fernandina, Fla.
C. H. Mallory & Co., General Agents, Pier 2 E. R., New York.


Waterel Stock, Commor Pfinl, rd
don't go through Page Pences. Seel It'snoTre.t.
In the end than any seeds
Western Poultry Farm, Teste, eto n a m
MARSHALL, MO. reliable. tAlwaysthwles&.
Dbr Ferry's-take no other.
4 months on trial 10e. One yr. 25e. fWri r seed Ae no
- It tells how to make poultry raising AI. m S a C
profitable. It Is up to date. 20age. .*
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice rkill-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 dos., 20 cts; X for 30
cts; 50 for 50 cts; 100 for I1.

She-WWhy is it that you never take

He-Because silence is the most dit- IN" P. 09 g
ficult argument to beat.-Chlcago

Sadshwtdm Gu&aZeed.
~ J9869 MARD911
109 Oballm a.
3AL amoa am



TW O BROTHERS. heart that beat under that dark Jer-'
SNed married Wifir. and B6 sftilt
The little village of Sunbury was sit- made his home with them. From the
uated on the southern point of Padre day of the marriage, Mifly was to Bob
Island, close to Point Isabel off the as a sister, just as Ned was his broth-
coast of Texas. In the beginning of er. Years passed on and the cottage
the present century it was a prosper- was filled with prattling voices and
ous village; now its cottages have childish feet. The little ones all treat-
crumbled into dust, whilst its former ed uncle Bob as a huge playmate, and
inbabitanto wetr? rttere to the tour If they had been his own, Bob could
winds of heaven. not havc 16oW t11am INIr tlan he did.
The Idea of a deserted village al- Often, when the brothers returned
ways raises the question as to why it home, tired after a hard day's work,
became deserted. This was due to the the children would run to Bob and beg
supply of wood and fish giving out, to- for a sail; fatigue and hunger were
gether with the competition of rail- forgotten, the sail was again unfurled,
roads, which put an end to coastwise and the boat would skim out of the
trips by small freight and passenger bay into the broad ocean beyond. It
prof8hme. For theo riwao La funbury was unole'a delight to explain to the
began to decline. The fishing Indus- boys the marvels of the Doat; to show
try saved it for a time, but eventually them how to set the sails, and tack
this supply, too, was exhausted, or the and steer; to teach them how to lower
fish deserted their old haunts, and and raise the nets, and tell them sto-
then the Sunburyites lost courage and ries about the wrecks of the hulks that
moved away lay like skeletons bleaching on the
The village was situated on the top rocks that girt the shore.
of high, rugged cliffs, that overhung One afternoon, Bobble, the youngest,
the sea, down which a narrow path a boy of five, stole out of the house to
led to the sands below. At low tide go and meet "untle." When he ar.
the beach Is exposed for a considerable rived at the bottom of the cliffs, a fur-
extent, while at high water the waves their longing and curiosity drew him
ripple over the pebbly shore, upon down to the shore which lay in front
which were formerly drawn up the of him. With all the thoughtlessness
boats belon ing to the villagers. of a child he yielded to the longing and
Outside Sunbury Bay, the shore la found himself in a short time standing
lined for miles with treacherous rocks, on the solitary shore at the base of
which are covered with seaweed the ta cliffs. While he stood there,
against which many a noble vessel has his eye caught the sight of a boat in
been dashed to pieces. the distance running before the wind
There were many stories current of with all her canvass set. Bobbie was
false lights being placed on the cliffa in raptures. All boats contained uncle
to lure these unfortunate vessels to to him. He gased, he followed, be
their doom; and vague reports that the ran, crying-
inhabitants of this pitiless coast were "Untie, untie!"
equally Inhospitable, and combined the The same longing which led him to
calling of that of wreckers with flahe- desomdn the ollffs, Impelled him to fol.
men. low the boat-uncle. Along the shore
The men of Sunbury were rough fish- he went until he was thoroughly. tired,
ermen, who knew all about the tides, keeping his eye fixed on the vessel as
who could read the signs of the weath- long as it remained in sight. Then he
er in the sky, handle their boats with sat down and began to cry. Weari-
skill, and that was all they cared about. ness soon overcame him and he fell
When Sunbury was in its prime, asleep, his head resting on the sand.
there lived tere two young men-twin While he lay there the tide began to
brothers-named Ned and Bob Reld. approach. A fierce wind arose, which
Their father had been drowned whilst lashed the waves to within a few yards
following his occupation as .Isherman, of his feet. Fortunately, he had laid
and their mother never looked up after down on a ridge of the sand, but the
his death. An uncle took charge of waves were girdling around him. Yet
them, and they lived with him until all the more terrible did his condition
they were young men, then he died seem, when he awoke and saw that his
too. couch of sand was surrounded by the
From boyhood Ned and Bob were in- angry breakers. One cry of intense
separable companions, and as they agony burst from his lips. He heard
grew older their love for one another the storm howling in the air. He felt
Increased. They were the owners of a the waves dashing at his feet In
trawler, the Marie, sharing equally in front, behind, the path was closed.
the profits, and this vessel was the "Untle, untle!" he cried, and alter-
pride of the brother for there was not nately leaped and cowered down with
a smarter nor swifter oat on the coast fear. With a child's hope he continued
than the Marie. to call, although no living thing was to
Ned was quick tempered and mas- be seen around him.
terful in his ways, but Bob was pati- The tide was fairly upon him now.
ent and gentle as a lamb. He never The waves were d-ashing over his
save Ned a cross word, but when he feet. A few seconds more and he
wa angry and arrogat would say- must have been swept off. He could
"All right, old chap," and go on with call no longer. Terror had mastered
his work. him and struck him dumb. He saw
When their aunt died it was neces- the dark waves surging around him on
sary for them to engage a housekeep- every side, he heard the mighty roar
er, and Milly Darrell, a native of the of the wind, and was about to sink
village, took .the place. She was re- through fear and exhaustion, when he
markebly good looking, and about the felt himself lifted from the sand, and
same age as the two young men. As borne through the darkness of the wn-
misfortune would have It, the brothers tope by a parl of trong, Drawny arms.
both fell In love with .r, and for the Many a time his deliverer was over-
first time in their lives a coolness thrown by the rush of the waves roll-
sprang up between them. The cloud ing towards the cliffs. But with his
was no larger than a woman's hand, great strength, he was still able to
yet we al know what deeds have been hold the boy and recover his footing.
dome for that hand, and how the cloud As he fought his way foot by foot to-
has often grown to large dimensions, wards the bay, the people ran about
But one moonlight night, when Ned in all directions shouting and giving
and Milly were sitting in the parlor, advice. Some of the more daring ones
Bob went out and spent the night on formed a life-line, but before they
the boat. Of the anguish he passed could render any assistance, the man
through, of the struggle that it cost drew nearer and nearer, bearing the
him to give up Mily, none but his child aloft. The boy was saved; but
Maker ever knew, but before he his rescuer sank exhausted under the
stepped out of the boat he said- waves. He was soon caught, however,
"Forgive him? Yea,until seventy and brought safe to shore.
times seven!" That afternoon, as the Merle was at
The next morning, when he met Ned the fishing rounds, Ned Reid looked up
he told him quietly that he had given at the sky and said to his brother-
up all thoughts of winning Milly, and "Bob, the sea is gathering for a
that hbe Bi d Bet fear rivalry from him atormi don't you think we ought to
in the future. He was so quiet that run for home?"
neither Ned nor Mllly thought of the "Yes," said Bob, "and we shall have
struggle that had taken place in the to be quick about it"

Just before they doubled the head-
land for the bay, Bob said to Ned-
I' LS test' May tW1 gosd Lrd
help him! As sure a I'm alive Uther'
a child there under the cliffs. Head
the Marie for him, Ned, but mind what
you are doing, or we shall be smashed
to pieces on those rocks."
As they neared the shore he said-
"Good Lord, It's our boy, Bobble!"
He was over the side of the boat,
fighting with the IMTy wvTy before
he had finished the sentence.
Bobbie was taken home, none the
worse for his immersion, but his uncle
was many a long day before he recov-
ered from the injuries he received by
his buffeting against the hard rocks.
One fine September morning, Ned
and Bob started out on their day's
work. There was & Mpftr that t0e
mackerel were running outside the bay,
but they toiled all morning and caught
nothing. They pulled up their nets
and moved farther out. Again they
dropped their kedge, and in -a few
hours caught enough to satisfy them.
Darkness was setting in, and they had
a long sail before them. As they start-
ed for home Bob looked up and said-
"The wind has changed!"
Sure enough it had" shifted and was
blowing hard from the south. The
storm increased in fury; the wind
howled and shrieked; the waves rushed
with terrfi efrce oerwtheir little yes-
sel; the thunder roared peal upon peal;
and the lghtning again and again lit
up with its yellow, livid glare the inky
darkness. Both men knew there was
little danger, for the Marie could out-
ride a tempest that would shatter and
dismantle a larger vessel; but they-
were being taken at an alarming rate
far out into the gulf. Darker and
darker it grew and farther they were
being borne away from home, All at
once Bob started to his feet crying-
"Listen! What's that?"
Then distinctly above the roar of the
storm, the sound became plain. It was
made by a large steamer. Both men
cried out at once, hoping that those on
board the vessel would hear them and
avert the threatened collision; but in
that fearful storm no human voice
could be bwer4. The monster bore
down on them, cutting the Marie In
two; and then. unconscious of the ac-
cident, steamed on and was soon lost
in the darkness.
Nea and Rob wore both thrown into
the raging sea.
"Ned. Ned!" cried Bob, in a voice of
anguish, as soon as he recovered his
senses sufficiently to comprehend what
had happened.
But there came no answer to the
call. Instead, he saw something dark
floating past. He reached out his hand
end caught It. It was a part of the
mast. which had been broken off with
the rigging; and there, held fast by
the cordige, lay Ned, senseless. Bob
extricated his brother, and bound him
safely on the mast. Then he climbed
upon the frail support, uttering a
prayer to the Most High for help and
After they had been on the spar for
what seemed hours to Bob, he saw a
boat passing close to them.
"Help!" he cried, as loud as he could.
There was no notice taken of his call,
and he concluded he had not been
herd, lHe raised himself as high an
possible out of the water, and called
"Hello! Help there!"
This time he succeeded in attracting
their attention, for he anw a dark fig.
'e lean over the side of the boat, and
directly came back the call-
"Who's there?"
"We have been in a collision and our
boat has been sunk."
"Who are you?"
"Ned and Bob Reid of Sunbury. Can
you take us aboard?" asked Bob.
"Not both of you for we have been
damaged too, and are in danger of go-
ing down. To take two more men
aboard would swamp us surely."
"Could you take one in safely?"
"Yes, we might take one, but not
Bk caught hold of the aide of the
"Give me a hand with Ned," be said.
"Get in yourself and be quick about

Terrible Afflicton.


MatSble Ceattssr am Inllmte gr,
Who wremmaterly na or a me-
of alt the LS, NMoo t
rsoem s iepubuloon, J. eorUseW, J.
Thomanads now enjoying good health and
Immunity roml me rMeai or iamems are
daily testifying, ti private and it hundreds
of well-known newpapers, to te wouderfal
eurative propertei of Dr. William' Pink
Plls for Pale People. The lit of eae
grows with evemyrday.
Mis Della Fr y, Ripey, Ill, it e of
these whrome youth was clouded by Impaired
althr, a o ditioa tast hass. osa iamed
asolaee, and ec tiht phyatelM 166& p
rith moat aprehenaion. At the time the
body hould have ben trogt and hath.
iest it was wating-but her own story in
told in the following statement lately made
to a ewspape reporter:
"I was 6onddred a healthy child and
everything pointed to my bein&astogv
orous woman. I had never easn am
until about two year mj hesl was
excellent. Whea I age e ts I
became aflieted with a severe ee tof som-
sch trouble. Iplacedmyselfunderthe ar
of two well-known phyoiuu who treated
me for lon tim but that did ae ood
and my onditioa be alarmiL -had
palpitation of the heart and soM at gt
my breath except with great ditelty. I
..omd not mesp and my apetite wa v
POW. M =
lriouad b Isme
i not walk. For
Sighteen mathl I
Aried evrykind o
mulleinI Iauld
And, until my
a rv wer eat ot
condition ad my
health ao botter.

well iad nt down
to &wait e fide.
A fried of ine
recommended Dr.
Helple el Nd Wil iams' Pink
Pill for Pale People to me. I had taken
many different kinds of medicine that I ad
no faith in anything, but I thought they
would do me no harm and purebased a box.
I took one box and they seemed to do me
good and I kept on taking thm until I be-
gun to improve at a very rapid rate. Finally
after I had taken nine boxes I wae com-
pletely ured. I cannot may too much for
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. I think them a
grand medicine and I am pleased to recom-
mend them."
(Signed) DE.LA FRIDAY.
Bubsribd and sworn to blbre m this
1th day of January, 1900.
For ale at druggal or direct by mail
from Dr. Wiliam. Medicine Co., chene-
tady, N. Y., poetid on receipt ko priee,
cents per box; ; boxe, 2.5.

it." said one of the men. "Ned is as
dlead as a mackerel now."
"No, he's not! He Is only unconscl-
ous from the blow he received."
"Get in, get In! I say, save yourself
and don't hang there talking."
"No, nor!" id he. "Take in Ned
and leave me to take my chance on the
Just then Ned began to show algns
of returning consciousness. The cords
were cut and he was pulled into the
"Good-by, mates! Take care of Ned!"
cried Bob, as he let go and sank upon
the spar.
The trawler nlht a6 and was seoo
lost in the darkness. The lcy water
chilled Bob to the marrow; the waves
were constantly washing over him, and
he knew that he could not keep his
hold much longer on the mast. He
clasped his hands as he lay there, and
prayed-oh, how earnestly for succor.
The wind was still blowing with ter-
rifle fury, chilling and cutting him to
the very bone. Now he was on the top
of an angry wave; now down in the
trough of the sea; alone on the pitiless
ocean. At times he thought of Ned
and wondered if he was safe. His
strength was now fast falling, and he
knew that he must soon give up the
fight. He cried once more wildly for
help; but no help was near, and his
voice was drowned by the noise of the
Jnst as the oat with Ned-who iad
recovered-touched the beach, Bob,
benumbed and unconscious, lost his
hold on the uast; the anry ware


closed over ai, erd he sanl avfer to
rise.again, until that last day when
the trumpet shall somnd and the sea
gives up its dead.-Waverly Magaslne.

PX= AND 511101L

Only 2% miles southwest of Paris,
Sevres is well known to tourists. Beau-
tiful porcelain has been.manufactured
here since 1756, the royalties and re-
publics which followed each other tak-
lng pews fe KsVs asB psEft qa_
on the back of every piece made. Ini-
tials of kings, the date and often the
palace for which the service was de-
signed were-placed plainly on the plate.
Thus in this silent but most eloquent
way these frail historiahs Indicate the
changeful, brilliant story of their na-
tive land.

In view of the advance In the sala-
ries of other state officials the German
clergy have been petitioning their re-
spective governments for increased re-
muneration. The greater cost of liv
ing calls for such increase. An addi-
tion of $10,000 was voted for this pur-
pose. Ministers will now receive for
the first five years $450 per annum and
a parsonage; for the second five years,
$600; for the third five, $675; the fourth
fve, $750; then $825, $900 and, after
30 years' service, $0SO.--Chicago Trib-

A correspondent write; In reference
to the old scheme for flooding the Sa-
hara desert by means of a canal sixty
miles long from the Atlantic, that the
project is impracticable. He maintains
the canal could not possibly furnish
enough water to compensate for the
evaporation In that latitude. The lake,
large or small, which would be formed
would soon become a pit of salt, and
that would be the end of it. The cor-
reasondent makes the unanswerable
assertion inat one caunIO go on evUp-
orating sea water without getting salt.
There is an escape for the water by
evaporation, but none for the percent-
age of salt. .If the Sahara canal were
large enough, and if its water were
fresh and not salt, the project would
be practicable, but as things are it

Four Japanesnoe mnina we" On-
tombed for twelve days in the Miatu-
yasu colliery lately. They did without
food all the time, and for most of the
time without light, and were none the
worse when dug out. One of the men
said that for some time after the oil
was exhausted they felt a bit low spir-
ited, but that in a few days they be-
came accustomed to the darkness and
were able to get along pretty well. The
incident exhibits in a striking manner
the powers of endurance possessed by
the little Jap.

The London County Council has been
asked to sanction the expenditure of
$135,000 for the purpose of preserving
the building at 17 Fleet street, usually
known as the "Palace of Henry VIII
and Cardinal Wolsey." The doubts
previously expressed as to the histor-
ical foundation for this claim are more
than supported by the result of the in-

a--------------- -- ---- ---- ---------- -------------

made in the United States and is in the
shape of American securities, the U. S.
Government likewise levies its war
tax on inheritances and takes another
S5.oo0,0 00 T-h fs s f NrW York
comes Ilh for its tax of $2,000,000, so
that so far $12,000,000, or more than a
quarter of the estate, has gone in in-
heritance taxes, with the Illinois and
Chicago taxes still to be heard from.
Mr. Smith's heirs will be able, doubt-
less, to save a competence of the es-
tote, but they must look on death as
an expensive luxury.-New York Sun.

Iii nome banks there is a regular
washday every month, usually at the
beginning, when a clerk may be seen
bent over a tub and rubbing real
money up and down a washboard. The
dirty greenbacks that have been saved
up for a month are soaped and rubbed
just like handkerchiefs and socks and
are run through a wringer before be-
ing put out to dry. The paper currency
may be handled somewhat roughly, as
it does not tear because there is in it
a great deal of silk and linen. After
the notes have been Dassed through
the wringer they are hung on a line
stretched in the bank clerk's depart-
ment. Said one clerk the other day:
"I wash about 100 notsg every month,
and when I'm done you can hardly
tell them from new money. The wash-
ing strengthens as well as cleans the
notes."--Philadelphia Record.

Not only is diamond cutting not a
specially highly paid occupation, but it
is one involving a most humiliating
system of espionage to the worker.
KafR m a 1n ln1u t u19atly asRennt frw
the stones he receives on going to work
in the morning, and the count has to be
carefully taken when the unfinished
work is handed in at night to be locked
up in a safe against the return of the
workmen the next day. The possibili-
ties of theft are great, though a dis-
honest workman knows that an at-
tempt to dispose of an unfinished stone
would bring suspicion upon him wher-
cr r tiC attempt wag mad.

A stranger in the mountain districts
of Kentucky is always a object of sus-
picion. Thirty minutes after his arriv-
al there is not a man, woman or child
in the mountains who does not know
that he is there. The mountaineers
have no telephone connections. They
have a trumpet-like arrangement which
will carry a mans voice fully a mile.
When the stranger arrives, some friend
of the mountaineer sends notice
through his trumpet. It is taken up
by another person, who hears the
warning, and thus It is carried all
through the district. That man is
closely watched. If he makes a good
impression on the mountaineers, they
cannot do enough for him. If he cre-
ates a suspicious Impression, his life is
not worth a cent.

81" hARDO DnouLAR sUM.eV W
ISOC ZXZ runW" 1

auuss- esauduetaysr~
kxy o we "". f fo nd pad sais
exuamif t It a* ou

factory and agedt asdsW In yeaw
SIM,5%youraurez agent a", SpduL
embird DaWE amr sau expe ,

finea ttla~~s le sag fuletutoshwtoo odr
and .1ft Anma swe Pobo J-Es

aaidss ia 4 Is
lsYamwre !.h a-& lift 9516 Conn ion

0" neat free on ~ g f~?r

leebw*&I 68.ere.b d___L )

vestigations of the officials of the A prominent American lawyer was
County Council, who report that the sitting with Lord Esher in the County
building was not erected until 1610, Appeals in London; while a prosy, but
when it wag used as the office of the prominent Quon'fn ounael wao argu.
Duchy of CornwalL Henry, Prince of ing a point. Lord Esher said to the
Wales, bad control of it until his death American: "What do you think of that
in 1612. There is a record, dated a gentleman?" The other said: "Who
few years later, stating that it was is he?" "One of her Majesty's coun-
then a tavern. It was familiar to Dr. eel." "Oh," said the American, "now
Johnson, Burke, Goldsmith and Rey- I understand why you use the expres-
-n9S, Por many yemrn it hao been iao1 I h a hnerd ao much since I
used as a hair dresser's establishment, came to tils country, 'God save the
piuch patronized by barristers. Queen.' "

That there are inconveniences in a Count Leo Tolstoi is putting the fin-
divided nationality has been made fishing touches on his work intended
pretty clear to the heirs of the late to lay bare the slavery of Russian rail-
George Smith. As he'died in London, way navies. It is a vivid and terrible
and apparently cohidered himself a picture of the human degradation pro-
British subject, Sir William Harcourt's duced by excessive hours of labor un-
death duties were levied on the 45,- der the most unfavorable conditions.
000,000 he left, yielding $5,000,000 to The book is founded on Tolstoi's per-
the British Government, and furnish- sonal study and observation of the
ing Sir Michael Hicks-Beach with the lives of the navies of the Moscow Rail-
occasion for astonishing jocularity In way, who sometimes work thirty-six
his budget speech. As the money was hours at a stretch,

'---- -------------A

Solve the Servant

Girl Question

by putting a Wickless Oil Stove in the kitchen.
You can keeR a girl then. No fire to build in
the morning. No wood to chop. No coal to
carry. No ashes to worry about. No soot on
pans. It makes play of housework. The

Wickless Flame

Oil Stove

Ss doing more to make housekeeping easy than
any other stove in existence. Absolutely safe.
Burns ordinary kerosene oil. Bakes, broils, boils,
roats, toasts-does anything that any other stove
will do, and many things that most stoves can't
do. Sold wherever stoves are sold. If your dealer
does not have it, write to
SALAinAA jiininmmiinmAjll di a Adu^~Alimmij1,111n1A i jn i ana an.i.A1 ....



Air. Kirk Mnroe, who might almost man LAN YS E1
be called the veteran orange grower of n
this section, has fully demonstrated the p s The Gret Thrrouo CS Line Fni Florid.
fact that oranges can be successfully have hair 'The Great Thoug Cir Line From rida.
grown On Ty the most rocky ground. t t
Te has a grove of about fve acres ofr
beating trees that will compare favor- stubborn CONNECTIONS.
ably with any of their age in the State, and dull
and the fact that he has taken the first
prise at each of the horticultural fairs It won t THE ATLANTIC COAST LINE, via Charles on,
held in Miami seems to prove that he row.
is successful in his efforts. Mr. Munroe To The Richmond and Washington.
has fine samples also of almost all of W at h t
the troical fruits grown here. In- the reason? Hair THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co-
deed, at no other place in tropical lumbia and Washington.
Floiida can such a great variety of the needs help just as via A Mai
tropical and subtropical fruits be seen anything else does at ---
in the most thrifty manner, and in a times. The roots re- The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga.
diversity of variety that astonishes the
stranger--Miami Correspondent Times- quire feeding. When To The The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery.
Union and Citizen. hair stops growing it The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia,Asheville.
The r Rerigat Company, 0The Mobile & Ohio R. R via Montgomery.
via F. C. & P. R. R., yesterday, 9th, loses The Mobile & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.
shipped the first carload of cantaloupes its luS I
for the season. They have shipped ten ter It Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for New
-trladoa firm paoits south of Orcln. e
but this is the first from Gainesville. lo0kS H r To The Yrk, Philadolphi o4 Nuton.
This company will have cars leaving dead.
every day until the cantaloupe season Via Savannah and Mercharfts & Miners Transporta-
is over.--Gainesville Sun.
Gainesville and Alachua county Va atealshp tion Company for Baltimore.
should purchase the latest improved V1 9 via
machinery for the construction of To KEY WEST TAMPA and
roads. The roads cannot be made acts almost instantly KEYia PORT TA PA nd
,wht thbir should be without the use on such hair. It ANDLANT STEA
oWf u7h -maeIwry. o l Know ur HAVANA PLANT STEAMSHIP LINE.
substantial reason why this part of the awakens new lifC I
country should remain behind the the hair bulbs. The NOVA SCOTIA, ia Boston and ANADA ATLANTIC and PLANT
times. We need good roads here as tia Boston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
well as elsewhere. It has paid other Bs atnis CAP N STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbury
localities to build good roads, and It YOur hair .grows, be- PINCE EDWARDS and Charlottestown
will pay the people of Alachua county comes thicker, and all ISLAND....
to do the same thing.-Gainesville Sun.
There is to be a steamship sailing di- dandruff is removed.
rect from Tampa to New York this And the original Summ r Exin t
week carrying 2.500 barrels of naval color of early life isickets
Itol-* It is hiuhly ipOl3hble that this color of earl life is
wi b the be u a regiar toured to odcd Of to all Summer Resorts will b e placed on sale Jue 1't.
between these two points which would gray hair. This is The PLANT SYSTEM "s "t.. u.. Pt.- wi. Thro.uh 5s8e* -c.,
be a great boon to this section of the Tlwy the case. be t S.- dM M .
State. Manatee river business men always e .
should enquire into the matter and of- $1.00 a bottle. All drngegsts. WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA and
fer inch encouragement as they can, "I ve used Ayer's Hair VJgor, THE MOUNTAINS OF VIRGINIA.
as some such movement is the only and am really astonished at the
way in which equitable transportation it has done in keein my
rates will ever be secured from the m c g e od, In I or information as to rates, sleeping-car services, reservations, etc., write to
rates w~i ever be secured from the best tonic i have tried, and
Eastern markets.-Manatee Journal. shall continue to recommend it to E. I. POWE. Agent, DeLand, Fla.
A cow manatee and two calves have y friends.ATTIE HOLT, F. M. JOLLY, Div ision Passenger Agent.
been seen feeding around the railroad Sept. i,1 18 Burlington, C. 138 West Bay Street, Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
dock for the past few days. This is STUART I. KNOTT, Vice-President, W. B. DENHAM, Gen. Supt.,,
lrien ae Savanhpeted Grom the use of the
ounte a sight, and a number of our cit- a o ot olea JI t et baK Savannah, Ga. Savannah, Ga.
Ifm s v ill tliM.814 ...f ..t. Blg a ta -P~ 1Rn; Mr Psamenaer Traffie Man Savannah, Ga.
manatee for the first time. The man < D LJ..A WtiU"w;ei, P. a : -Sa h a
atee came so near being extinct that a which has been so much enjoyed by recently entirely destroyed by fire
law was passed completely o tpphng clerks and business men of St. Augus- while anchored in a creek near New
they are now re reng od them, and tine during the dull summer months Smyrna. The fire-was discovered by
quite numerous in the lower prt of these are in destitute circumstances, for the past three years, has very like- the chief engineer and the first mate,
Indian and Banana rivers.-Cocoa and and unless something is done soon to ly become a thing of the past, owing who were asleep on the boat at the
iokledge New r a ad title the dittienlty and get, the men to the lack of the assent of two lead- time, and were awakened by the smoke
pledge New back to work, there is no telling what ing merchants, one in the dry goods entering their apartments. The fire or-
A serious accident occurred yester- muiy be the result. Many of the men and the other in the grocery trade. iginated in the main parlor of the boat,
day afternoon on Seventh avenue. A have found work In other factories Tihe name of Hon. Robert McNamee and is supposed to have been caused
car of the Tampa Electric Company, but there are about 900 out of work, is being spoken of in connection with by rats and matches, which are risky
running on the downgrade on that it is said The question on which ill national committeeman for Florida. things to have around. The Cajman
thoroughfare, at a high rate of speed, the present trouble hinges is whether Mr. McNamee is a splendid organizer, cost about $100,000 when built. Be.
ran into delivery wagon of the White or not the Cuban packers and pickers and a man who has an extensive ac- fore putting her in commission last
Star Laundry. The wagon was shall be allowed to work in factories (itrintance all over the State. He is winter, Mr. Lorillard spent a good deal
smashed into an almost total wreck, controlled by the Havana-Ameictan a red-hot Bryauntei and a tireless Den- of money on the Caiman, which un-
the driver, Frank Berger, was thrown Manufacturing Company. The Span- ocratic worker. Mr. McNamee will derwent a thorough overhauling in
violently to the street, and the horse, Ish packers, or a portion of them, are probably have no opposition for this Jacksonville. She was considered to
becoming frightened, ran away, com- bitterly opposed to this, and this ,lace. be the largest and finest house-boat in
pleting the destruction of the vehicle, caused another tying up of the matter Four companies of the State troops the world, and was used by Mr. Loril-
and scattering soiled linen for several after the strike proper had been set- have decided to attend the battalion lord along the east coast of Florida ev-
blocks along the avenue. Berger has tied and thle factories were about to encampment to be held at St. Agus- cry winter.-Titusville Advocate.
a dislocated hip, and several bad cuts start up. tIne next month, and it is expected that Editor E. T. Byington, of the Miami
about the face and body. He will Titusville will have a barrel factory two more companies will accept the News, who returned home from New
probably be laid up a month or more. This will be appreciated by the fisher- invitation as soon as -they hold meet- York on Saturday, says: "The Trop-
Manager Peters says the damage will men and shippers of vegetables, as it ings to consider the subject. The com- icl Plantation Company has been or-
reach $150.-Tampa Tribune. frequently happens that the supply is mittee in charge has sufficient money ganized under the laws of the State of
Within the last few hours the strike very short for shipping purposes. pledged for the purpose, and the en- New Jersey, with an authorized capl-
situation has assumed alarming pro- Messrs. E. B. Sembler and B. W. Mun- campment will cost the troops abso- tal of $100,000, with Wm. M. Brown,
portions. The result of the vote that shaw. of Palatka, arrived here the lat- lately nothing. as the merchants of- St. president; Chas. H. Garthside, vice-
was taken among "La Reslstencia" ter part of last week for the purpose Augustine will supply the funds that president, and E. T. Byington, general
members was a loss 6f all hope for the of establishing a barrel factory. They the last Legislature failed to provide, manager. The general office will be at
packers and pickers who happen to the have secured the building formerly oc- Letters patent were today issued for Miami." May success attend this new
misfortune of being of Cuban birth. cupled by the Phoenix Mills, and will the incorporation of the Madison Gin- company.-Titusville Advocate.
The proposition for the men to go back Iw able to put out from 50 to 75 bar- ning Company, with a capital of $7,000 -
ts work was defeated by a vote of over rels per day at the start, and will in- to conduct a general ginning, buying AFTER JOYS.
790 to something more than 400. The cretse the output as the business will ant selling of cotton, cotton seed, mer- "I don't think Mrs. Betterdaya ever
result is that there can be no settle- warrant it. They have an excellent chandise and deal in real and personal enjoyed her money so much as sbe
meat of the difficulty at present, and a location for receiving material in car- property. The incorporators are B. B. does now."
long bitter fight is In prospect. Th>o load lots and also shipping by carload McCall, J. R. Davis, H. L. Young and "Why, she lost her money omea
situation is more desperate than most Fish dealers and shippers of fruits and A. J. McCall. years ago."
people Imagine, as it concerns about vegetables should patronize them, as Many of the Advocate readers will "True, but then, you see, it has Wp-
3,000 people, the estimate being made they can save them money and delay, regret to learn that Mr. Pierre Loril- plied her with an unfailing topple or
onl the number of men out and the av- -Titusville Star. lard's famous house-boat Calman, so conversation ever slnce."-Kans. City
erage size of their families. Many of The Thursday half holiday feature, well known along the east coast, was Independent




"Was that a porch climber we saw
over at GamporP''"
"No; it was Gamper himself. He
was afraid to go in at the front or
back door for fear his wife or the cook
would set him to beating carpet."-
Chicago Record.

"Pa" said the senator's little son,
"what is a nemesis?"
"A xnmrnji, Mgy yn replied the son-
ator. "is a female office seeker for
whom you have foolishly promised to
use your influence."-Philadelphia

"Do you believe in teaching the lan-
guages in the schools?" asked Mr.
Clingstone of Miss Gildersleeve.
"Yes, Indeed," replied the youn
lady. "Every one should be able to
speak English and golf."--Detroit Free

"Is a man Influenced more by hered!-
ty or by environment?"
"Humph! If heredity brings a man
money, he con make his own environ-
ment."-Chicago Record.

"They say Paderewski is getting
"He'll 'do his hair up' so as to hide
It."-Cleveland Plain Dealer.

"I have here a complete and concise
history of our war In the"--
"Exactly, exactly," hurriedly inter
erupted Mr. Bickerley. "Just what I
have been looking for. What a beau-
tiful edition! By the way. don't for-
get to go around and see my wife. Sue
wishes one, you know. Never mind
the price. Here's $10, and you can
keep the change."
The book agent had fallen helpless
against the desk. The surprise was
too much.
"Here, boy! allied Mr, Bickeriey,
"Help me carry this fellow out. That's
the way to fix 'em."--Indianapolis Sun.

The palm for absentmindedness
should be accorded to a learned Ger-
man prfyssr, QuO day he noticed
his wife placing a bunch of powers on
his desk. "What do they mean?" he
"Why," she exclaimed, "don't you
know that this is the anniversary of
your marriage?"
"Ah, indeed. is It?" said the profes-
sor politely. "Kindly let me know
when yours comes around, and I will
return your attention in kind."--Col-
iler's Weekly.

Jack-How did you come out on that
bulldog pup you bought?
Dick-Lost over 100 per cent, on the
Jack-Oh, I guess not! A hundred
per cent. is all you can possibly lose.
Dick-Think so, do you? Well, I
paid $10 for the pup, and then I had
to give a boy $1 to take him out and
drown him. If that isn't 110 per cent.


Tham why dp taking

airply heIms i's um ? r
Kptakbg It wllhuE l yurw
InM44 auw Mae oma *S W1
am*"n wdlw.
smcaad Sa;.androgri Ie

loss, I'd like to know what you call it.
-New York Sun.

"Anger," he said thoughtfully
"shortens life."
She looked at him sharply.
"It also," he went on, "spoils beauty.
It has an exceptionally Injurious effect
on a pretty face."
"John Henry," she exclaimed, "what
is it you want to say to me? What
provoking suggestion have you to make
now? For what offensive ruling in do-
pultir ronomJy are you paring the
Then he know that all his precau-
tions were useless and that he might
as well have told her In the first place
that she would have to wait a month
for that new bonnet.-Chicago Post.

The Bird in the Hand assumed his
most winning aspect and addressed the
Bird in the Bush.
"It is conceded," said he, "that my
position renders me worth twice as
much as you are, but I will trade
places with you, even up, asking noth-
ing to boot!"
But the Bird in the Bush thought he
could detect something of disingenu-
ousness in this seemingly magnani-
mous offer and flew away.- Detroit

Johnny (who is jealous of mamma)-
Mamma likes me better than she does
Evelyn (who enjoys teasing)-Why,
no, Johnny. Of course she loves Betty
and me best! Just think, she was our
mother long before she was yours!
Johnny (scornfully)-Hoh! What of
that? You are nothing but a sample
copy, anyway! And Betty's only a trial
subscription! But I am the real thing.

"The other day," said Jones, "an old
woman bounced into our office, dis-
playing a notice that we had written to
her to the effect that a quarter tax on
some property of hera was due. ,he
swore she had paid it. I had the books
to prove that she had not and suggest-
ed that she had made a mistake.
"She declared that she had not and
said, 'Don't you ever make any mis-
"I assured her that I did not and
Jokingly added:
"'The only mistake I ever made was
when I was married.'
"She looked at me a second and- then
said: 'No; your wife made that mis-
take.' "-Detroit Free Press.

"I wonder will they miss me?" wrote
the poet In violet ink on gilt edged pa-
And the editor as he tossed the man-
uscript into the yawning gulf at his
side murmured softly, "If they do, they
never ought to be trusted with a gun
again."-London Telegraph.

"That tall man seems to be the busi-,
est person around the establishment.
What does he do?"
"It is his duty to see whether the
others are working or not."-Chicago

'That British commander in South
Africa would make a great boxer."
"How's that?"
"Why, the paper says that he swung
his left forward about two miles and
struck a savage blow."--The Harvard

Fretful Child-"I want to look at
the moon!'"
Weary Pather-"Well, why don't
you? It is right up there in the sky.
Look at it as much as you please."
Fretful Child--"Aw, I want to look
It the other side of the moon now!"-
Harper's Bazar.

Florida East Coast Ry.
-- -- ; ---

UoU'N BOUND (Reea Ds*)

-1 Na`XaU W.&W- f - -

f5~ S .. .......

....... .. ....

11 M --- ~Ic

.......... 1

.... ............**~* W
-ulad, .....

...... 9 P Ar........ ..
.- r

I t;.

B atmm rkwi:u r 00T 'a-- -
Detwee New Empi. eYa, &IA agean"
City J11JtI6*1141. 6
No.5. No.1. STATION&
-11048 Lv;.New x ar il
42p120; ..Orange City.. : :
425pI2ISpL~r.OrsngeU.VJO ekr
All trains between New SmyrA& &ad Crand* Y.. ....
City Junci ion daily exoent Suddar. _V


au beumen *rulamY-i. Neessem
da4l0 _01010 Snday.

16M0112bw~ umas asw
No.l71No 151 STA'IONs. No6 =61i' i
51*Vp 945BLYI..-Jacksonviille. r 115OLP arrival Lo
7l5plO S6 aAr. .Pablo Beach. ay -per
AJI trains between Jackwsonvallnaad 42 l7dfre IiW
B11csh daily oampt G i ay 0p=umm. aa" mia.

For copy of local time card call o Tieket A gmta, aor .ad
J. P. Bi KWITH. Trao Manager. J. D. BAN Rh A. & A.
At. tnmot'nA

Florida East Coast Steamship Co.
eave M iami supdpyg, Tuedr., Weda edaya d ................I. 1 a
Arrive Kef West Mondaya,Wedaedays, Thurls at L r ,, ........... a s6 n
Leave Key West Thursdays and Sunday............................................. 800p.
Arrive MiamiFridays and Mondays........................... ** ... .... ......L S
Leave Miami Sundays and Wednesdays..................... .........,,,.,,,... P .
Arrive Havana Tuesdays and Prida. ............................. ...... si m
Leave Havana Tuesdays and Friday............................................. IUIa. I.
arrive Miami Wednesdays and atrday's............................................ 15 L.
While it is the intention at the Plorida Bast Oo"e Smuhip Oom to t hir i htr
follow regular schedules an advartis the lina r tbs rit -agfU t=mr to wLtdhw
their ships or ohang their sailing du without notMs.a to Mtbsta s tasr, wh
necessary ;nor rtt th e la hold itsef responaibly e detlto l tI % na
in d,' art re. _____





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. .. FOR $2.00

BIC~-a. -E-?-~ ~. -A. A .A- .A.

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1o,ooo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST within the next six months.
Every Thirtieth person remitting $.oo for a year's subscription will be given an order for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired .. ..


Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. O. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for one
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
.............................. 1900 multiple of 30, as 60, 90, 300, etc., you can order a
lessrs. E. O. PAINTER & CO., ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist, Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
DeLmad, FIa. ist at the regular price of $2 per year and have one
Gentlemen-Please find enclosed $2.00 for one year's sub- chanrp in 30 of getting a ton of high grade fertilizer
scription to the Florida Agriculturist to begin at once. It chance in o gellin a ton igh gr fertilizer
is understood that should the number of my receipt be 30 beside. This may be YOUR opportunity.

or any multiple of thna number, I can oruer a ton oI any
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. cars at Jacksonville, Fla., without further expense
so me.
Shipping Point................... ......................
Freight Depot..............................................
P. 0. Address..............................................
Note-If the station to which the fertilizer is to be shipped i a D L
..ppay," amount of fr~lght must be forwarded with instructions.

E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,

A High-Grade Fertilizer






Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices.

IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................ $3o. per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE ................ $3o0o per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $30oo per ton

IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)..........$27.00 per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $28.oo per ton
SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.00 per ton
CORN FERTILIZER... ...................$2o.oo per ton

All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS

PIgi Foot Bruad Blood d Boa, f 17.00 peW too. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, $44.00 per toea


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