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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00023
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: June 6, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00023
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text





























Vol. XXVII, No. 23. Whole No. 1375.


DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, June 6, 1900.


$2 per Annum, in Advance


For the Florida Agriculturist. We are sure a description of our cor-
Prom ilUlsborough county. respondent's water plant will prove of
We have been informed that Smooth interest to some of our readers.
Cayenne pine plants do not produce
slips or plants at base of apple, as do andy and- sibilities
other plants. Our first purchase of Sandy Land-Its Possibiities.
plants was of smooth Cayenne variety. Lockwood Myrick, in an interesting
plants was ofew hn Cayenne varety. f article on the restoration of sandy
3nly a few hundred-carefully set, fer- lands in New Jersey, written for the
tilized well, kept in fine condition, as lands in New Jersey, written for the
tiled wee als kept inf condition, a American Agriculturist, furnishes sug-
were also about half as many Abaka, applicable to the whole south
bought two months later. The two va- gelation applicable to the whole south
riettes are separated by a three foot Atlantic and Gulf States where sandy
ITath about 00 feet long. All are now in lands exist. Of these lands he says
fruit. Several of the Smooth Cayenne that with rye and fish it is quite pos-
show signs of putting on these slips sible to make respectable crops of corn.
at base of apple, though leaves are not Then by growing eowpeas (with acid
well defined as on Abaka slips. Do not phosphate) for green manuring the soil
find any of these except on the nearest fertility can be Increased with little
row to Abaka. Do these hybridize? expense. apart from losing the use of
If so, is it by being close to each other the land for a summer. A sandy land
or by pollen from one to other? We section gives an impression of undue
hardly think this should show at first poverty because of the lack of grass,
fruiting--or perhaps 'tis a retrogation, but when sandy soils are intelligently
as we suppose the Smooth Cayenne to fertilized and are put in crops adapted
be an improvement over the common to the land, they become valuable and
knds n i!n some instances yield greater fin4n-
Wer niV'but little of pines and their cial profits than the heavier grass-
culture, having been less than twd growing soils. One has to unlearn
years in the business, and hope we are about all he knows of farming on
noi asking that which & novice should heavy soils when he farms these light
have known. We hope we will get lands. There is much sandy land in
rr-om sotlon one of vour kind writers or tie m ddleMdd and New England States,
growers the information. as well as farther south, that proba-
Will next week begin to ship our two bly would pay to work if farmed ac-
acres of cantaloupes, which look well, cording to the practice that has proven
and promising. It is our first effort profitable on New Jersey's land.
with this crop. Wlu be pleased later, The possibilities of these grassless
to give you our experience from pre- sandy lands are becoming more and
portion of land to marketing and dre- more apparent every year, and by
turns, if any. i keeping them covered with rye, oats
We are just closing up cucumber, or barley in winter and by corn and
shipping, whi e h has not proven a cowpeas sown at the laying by of the
"Klondyke" at all, though could have corn in summer abundant fodder for
been much worse, animal farming is possible.
We have succeeded in growing a --- --
good many real handsome flowers this eMking the YFarm Pay.
spring, but "main strength and ignor- If the farmer had a sure market for
ance" and some luck must have much fruits and vegetables it would encour-
of the credit. We tried to use common age him to produce them instead of so
sense. plenty of fertilizer and "elbow much wheat. The day the fanmer
help." We feel well paid for ah this wakes up to the importance of being a
as we have had and enjoyed many fine seller instead of a buyer, he will be
roses, lovely and large pnsies, the the most independent man on earth.
handsomest phlox we have ever seen, To become one he must first supply
grand, bright and cheering-not a com- his own house with good food, end
mon bloom among them. If you think still have some for sale. If grain and
It would be of interest will some time hay were fed to horses, cows, hogs and
speak of our water plant, how we push chickens Instead of selling them as
water 700 feet and raise to height of soon as harvested, which is always the
60 feet to water our 1% acres of pines wrong time to sell, a far larger profit
and other things. would be realized for crops.
We have no model form or met- The time has come when we must
oda. Have only what we are able to think seriously as to where our meat
get and pay for and utilize as best we is to come from. At the price consum-
kuow or tealngy yor ie ers are paying for meat, the time will
We read eagerly your Issue eac nome when the laboring class will look
week and find munc to do us good, Are pon meat a a luxury. My idea o
especially interested in yor sweet o- settling this food question is for every
tato formula for fertile. Will try farmer to produce his own milk, but-
wo or oe ommon water le e of ter, eggs ad m a and met, and sell as much
Is the common water lettuce of or as possible, but never buy. Under
rivers of any value as fertlizer, if ap- such conditions food will not be.so
plied to land? Kindly tell us of a such conditions food will not be so
plied to land? h ndly tell s of wh cheap as not to pay for its production.
value and how used. Respectfully, But let it be cheap, if it will, for a man
never feels as confident as when well
fed. I have seen farmers sell corn at
Will be pleased to have some of our 20c per bushel and before the winter
pineapple growers tell M. W. what they is over pay 12 per pound for bacon;
know about pineapples hybridizing. sell tomatoes and other vegetables so
A good deal has been written about cheap he could not feed his horses, and
the value of water lettuce as a ferti- then buy them back at 10c per can.
lizer. It is not likely that the small Fruits and vegetables canu be canned
amount of humus would repay the or preserved at very little cost, and if
trouble sad expense of gathering and done right, will keep two years, which
1yix&. would enable them to keep over a bad


__


___ __


year in better shape than if sold as of the plants were killed, but strange
soon as ripened. By farming along to say nearly all the hills contained
these lines the farmer could always some live plants. A few of the hills
have a good living, which is one way were not touched, while in others all
of making a family satisfied with their of the plants were gone except one or
lot. The next thing is a pleasant home. two; a few hills were wiped out alto-
It is not necessary to have a mansion gather, but we had a pretty fair stand
to have a home. The humblest place and congratulated ourselves according-
if taken a little care of by loving hands ly. Meeting our neighbor some days
would be more of a home in the true later I asked him how his cantaloupes
s(( use of the word than a mansion care., came through the cold, and he replied
for' by hired hands. Because a place that he would have about half of his
is in the country is no reason why It patch to replant.
should be ugly. Every home should be This is a good Illustration of the ad-
surrounded by trees, lawns and flow- vantage of using plenty of seed. When
ers. Often in the country a place we consider the fact that the earliest
could be beautified with very little la- melons and vegetables bring the best
bor if the cows and hogs were kept prices, and are often the only ones
away from the house. The farmer that pay any profit at all to the grow-
should take more pride In his work, se- er, the outlay of a few dollars extra
cure better schools for his children. and for seed where this object is accom-
keep up with the world. Good books polished, sinks into insignificance.
and papers are so cheap as to be in the I was recently in a large seed house
reach of all. Let a neighborhood club in Atlanta: a gentleman was buying
together in getting reading matter; let somie cabbage seed. the price of which
Poach subtcrihP for a paper and then was higher than he expected, and he
exchange. Have more social ga.ther- ,only bou_;.it four ounces. "How many
Wings. get more pleasure c t of life and plants will you want?" I asked. "Well,
treat your children as If they were I want to set about an acre, and I
made to enjoy life as well us work. guess this will give me enough," he
and your boys and gprls will grow to answered. "It will take from eight to
love the old farm Iest of all because twelve thousand plants to the acre, ac-
it is home.-Exchange. cording to the distance you give them,
S- and you cannot figure on over one
How Much BSed to Use. thousand five hundred plants to an
This question is constantly coming up once of seed'" I suggested. But he did
for settlement Every time we write not increase his order. He will find
an or r oelemen d andl every time we out his mistake when he sets his
p lnn a piece of land, it faces us anew plants.
and must be decided. I have known Peter Henderson, in his "Hand Book
people to plant an acre with one quart of Plants." gives the following table.;,
of corn. the rows were five feet apart, which we have found very useful, al-
and the corn was dropped one kernel though experience has taught us to
in a place, three feet apart in the row. vary the amounts of a few of the veg-
I hIae also known a peck, or ten e ibhles. to some extent:.
quarts of corn to be used per acr,. Aer.:ge quantity of seed sown to
But here the rows were three ani a the acre. In drills-
half feet apart and the corn drilled Beets, 5 to 6 pounds; carrots, 4 to 5
thinly in the row to be afterwards pounds: dwarf beans, 1 bushel; early
thinned to a stand. We use with our 1ip", 3 bushels; Marrowfat peas, 3
corn planter about four quarts to tlh, hushels; onion, 5 to 6 pounds; onions
acre in four foot rows, and seldom fail for sets. 60 to 80 pounds; onion sets,
to get a good stand, according to size, 8 to 10 bushels; po-
If there is one thing I dislike above tatoes, cut tubers, 12 to 14 bushels;
all others it is the necessity of replant- parsnips.'5 to 6 pounds; radishes, 9 to
ing corn, or any crop, for that matter. 10 pounds; salsify, 6 to 8 pounds;
The insignificant cost of a little extra spinach. 10 to 12 pounds; turnips, 1 to
seed cannot be compared with the loss 2 pounds.
and vexation of a. poor stand. Re- In Hills-
plants, in my experience, very seldom Corn. 8 to 10 quarts; cucumbers, 2 to
amount to much. They are shaded by 3 pounds; pole beans, 8 to 10 quarts;
the older plants, and dwarfed from the muskmelons, 2 to 3 pounds; squash, 2
start. Moreover, the cultivation of the to 3 pounds; pumpkins, 2 to 3 pounds;
crop stops before they have finished watermelons, 4 to 5 pounds.
their growth, by this means cutting Quantity of seed required for a given
off their yield: so that if there is time number of plants. (About):
I had much rather plow up the whole Asparagus. 1 oun:e to 500 plants;
field and plant over, where the stand cablage. 1 ounce to 1.500 plants; caull-
is poor. But how much better to make flower, 1 ounce to 1.000 plants; celery,
a good stand doubly certain in the first 1 ounce to 2.000 plants; egg-plant, 1
place by liberal seeding. ounce to 1.000 plants; endive, 1 ounce
This was brought very forcibly to my to 3.000 plants; leek, 1 ounce to 1,500
mind at one time by our experience plants; lettuce, 1 ounce to 3.000 plants;
with a cantaloupe patch. We had pepper. 1 -nn *e to 1.000 plants; toma-
planted the melons very early and used to. I ounce to 1.500 plants.
an average of twenty seed to the hill. Quantity of seed required for a given
One of our neighbors planted the very number of hills:
same day, and when questioned as to Corn. 1 quart to 200 hills; cucumber,
the amount of seed he used, replied, 1 ounce to 125 hills; muskmellon, 1
"Oh, five or six to the hill." Time ounce to' 60 bills; pole beans, Limas,
went on and the melons came up, un- 1 quart to 100 hills; pole beans, Wax,
til one night it turned unexpectedly 1 quart to 150 hills; pumpkin, 1 ounce
cold and we had quite a frost. On ex- te 50 hills; squash 1 ounce to 50 hills;
amination we found that fully one-half watermelos, 1 ouee to 30 bllh


j
1



r








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Quantity of seed required a given
length of drill:
Asparagus, 1 ounce to 60 feet of drill;
beets, 1 ounce to 50 feet of drill; beans,
Dwarf, 1 quart to 100 feet of drill;
carrot, 1 ounce to 100 feet of drill; en-
dive, 1 ounce to 100 feet of drill; okra,
2 ounces to 40 feet of drill; onion, 1
ounce to 100 feet of drill; onion sets, 1
quart to 50 feet of drill; parsley, 1
ounce to 125 feet of drill; parsnips, 1
ounce to 200 feet of drill; peas, 1 quart
to 75 feet of drill; radish, 1 ounce to
100 feet of drill; salsify, 1 ounce to 70
feet of drill; spinach, 1 ounce to 100
feet of drill; turnips, 1 ounce to 150
feet of drill.
These tables form a very fair crite-
rion to go by, taken as they are from
an authority on this subject. The
beets, carrots, parsnips and onions, and
onion seed for sets in the first table
are adapted to rows one foot apart,
and the amount should be cut down
accordingly where the rows are wider.
We have found it necessary, however,
even with our rows one foot apart, to
use considerably more beet seed titan
the amount given in tile table. espe-
(!ally in our first planting, where some
of the young plants are liable to get
nipped by the cold. After suffering
from a poor stand for several years we
now use twenty pounds of Ibet seed to
the acre, and then thin to a stand
when about three inches high. We
also often sow five pounds of turnip
seed to the acre, but here we expect to
sell the thinning for greens.
in the whole, these tables may be
taken as fairly correct, and the reader
should preserve this copy of the Ru-
ralist for reference, as the questions
which these tables will -answer are
constantly recurring.-F. M. Merriam,
in Southern Cultivator.

Pan-Ameriean Exposition, Buffalo.
N.Y. 1901.
For the Florida Agriculturist.
The constantly increasing Interest in
the Pan-American Exposition to be
held at Buffalo, in 1901, gives assur-
ances that the idea in the minds of the
projectors to hold an Exposition witich
would be fully illustrative of the pro-
gress and achievements of the people
during the century just closing, is ful-
ly warranted.
It seemed a very wise provision at
the outset that the Exposition should
be near a place where millions or vis-
itors throng every year to witness the
greatest spectacle in natural scenery
found anywhere on the continent, viz.,
the Cataract of Niagara.
The ample railroad and shipping fa-
cilities of the city of Buffalo, mzke it
an ideal location for the exposition.
Thin rtty ia tMhs Eli sl MWtay of traffic
between the East and the West, and
nearly all of the great railway systems
have terminals at this point.
As is probably well-known, the pur-
pose of the Exposition is not only to
appeal to the aesthetic, but to the prac-
tical as well. In the arenitectural dis-
play in the construction or buildings,
and in the lay out of the grounds, it
is wholly within the bounds of truth
to say that the Exposition grounds,
when oomDleted. in Doint of beauty.
Will ptree t an appearance wi-en inas
never been equalled by any other Ex-
position.
Hon. William I. Buchanan, the di-
rector-general of the Pan-American
Exposition, Is a man of wide experi-
ence in Exposition work, having taken
a leading part in the organisation of
the Sioux City Corn Palace Exposition,
and later with the World's Columbian
Exposition at Chicago, as chief of the
department of agriculture, live stock,
and forestry, and the success of his
work in connection with these two
great enterprises is familiar to every
one.
His diplomatic work in South Amer-
ica, running through two administra-
tions, has put him in the closest touch
with tb ~s-sspis at featl Aser-:ieS .B
en this account it is safe to say that
more people from Central America and
South America will visit the Pan-Am-
erican Exposition than were ever in
this country before.
The different relations of this coun-
try with Central and South America
since the late Spanish war, bring us
In the closest touch with on r sister
countries, and every South and Central
Amercan nation except two, have al-


ready signified their intention to co
operate in making the Pan-Americat
display one that will be fully character
istic of their customs, habits, indus
tries and advancement. This fac
alone would seem to be a great induce
ment to the agriculturists of this conn
try to make exhibits in order that the
people of these countries may see the
high state of perfection that the agri
United States and Canada have at
trained.
Agriculture.-While the Exposition
has been prodigal in the funds it ha.
devoted to the various divisions of the
industrial pursuits represented in this
country, none perhaps are of more inm
portance than that of agriculture and
live stock. In order to give an ade-
quate idea of tlie provision made foi
the division which gives the most in-
terest to the tillers of the soil, we need
only to say that a large building cover-
ing more than two acres will be devot-
ed exclusively to agricultural products
This will be divided info.grain crops;
such as cereals, grasses, tubers and
root crops; vegetables for culinary
purposes. sugars and syrups. aind
animal and vegetable fibres, animal
and vegetable fats and oils, fertilizers,
plans and specifications for farm build.
ings, literature and statistics regarding
farm management, farmers organiza-
tions, agricultural papers, experiment
station bulletins, and agricultural col-
lege work, etc.
't* vast collection that will be
brr,ugi:t together from all portions of
tile Uited States and Canada, as well
as Central and South America. will af-
ford a grand object lesson in methods
and sysloms of American agriculture
.iAlny of ill4e Sitlies iand coutlllrie'
halvc alrealdvy Inadle elaborate provik-
ions for tlhir displays, and it seems
Ilohnal,'e tlhat il collective exhibit hin
nariculture will be one of the greatest
features of the Exposition. ,
Live Stock.-In the live stock depart
went. the idea uppermost in the minds
of tle managers is to make it dis-
t 'Atly educational. W11ili this in mind,
every breed of animals that has at-
tained any recognition or degree of
prominence in this country, will be
given proper representation in tile c(las-
sification. This is true with regard to
cattle. sheep, swine, poultry, pet stock
and dogs. Liberal cash prizes and di-
ploimas have been arranged for all of
these various classes, and the majority
of instances, medals will Il given as
sweepstakes. Special cash premiums
or trophies will be offered by the var-
ious breeders, in order that the repre-
sentatives of their particular breeds
will make an extra effort to have their
exhibit as complete as possible. The
greatest care will be exercised in se-
clctlng Judges, in orter that thu awara-
ing of premiums will be made only by
men eminent in breeding circles, and
of unquestionable ability and integrity.
Besides the cattle exhibit there will
be held a dairy test, in which it is
hoped all of the various dairy breeds
will be fulKy represented. It is pro-
posed that th!s test shall be conducted
entirely on economic lines, and the ani-
mals producing the largest profit of
butter fat determined by the Babcock
1#f, I! W" P awarded pfifes. Tile pur=
pose of this test shall be to enlighten
every dairyman in the country regard-
ing the ability of these breeds to pro-
duce the most butter fat and other
milk solids at the least cost. Just as
few rules as will be necessary to per-
form this test without technical c9m-
plicat'ons will be adoted, and it is
expected as a result that the practical
demonstration of cheap production may
b far reaching and beneficial to all
concerned.
The exhibits of dairy products will
be one of the features of the Exposi-
tion which will be particularly grati-
fying not only to men engaged in the
manufacture of butter and cheese pro-
ducts, but to the consumer as well. A
separate huildine ouuipodl with the
most modern refrigeraing facilities
will be constructed for the accommo-
dation of this exhibit, and every pre-
caution will be taken to have that
complete in every detail. The various
dairy States and Canada will be rep-
resented by their choicest products.
This feature of the exhibit even at this
early date is exciting more than ordi-
nary interest.
In regard to the horse show, aside


Georgia's Great Crop.
,Commenting on Georgia's great fruit
crop and the DreDarations making to
more it, iftie acon Teegraph ayej:
"Not since before the war has so much
attention been paid to the growing of
fruit in this State, and the harvest this
year will be the largest ever known, if
the estimates are safe. The railroads
are determined to furnish all the cars
reeded for the crop, w* they learned a
very important lesson two years ago,
when hundreds of cars of peaches
wasted in the orchards because of lack
of facilities for handling them. Traf-
fic Manager Hinton of the Central Rail-
road, has already visited the orchards
along his line three times this season,
with a view of keeping up with the
situation and to get estimates of what
the probable yield will be, so that he
can make provisions to furnish all the
oarn' that will he needed to market the
crop. Representatives of the other
lines that traverse the fruit belt have
done the same, and they will make one
more round this week. They have re-
peatedly assured the fruit growers that
there will be no trouble about the cars,
no matter how great a crop is raised."
Some Oua4g lfsgur.
Mr. W. R. Fuller, who is the ac-
knowledged authority on the orange


since the freeze and, in fact, larger
than the total product for the past four
four years.-Tampa Tribune.

O6VEYNOGB, OF THE WAR DE-
PARTMENT.
Hon. Dan A. Grosvenor, Deputy Au-
ditor for the War Department, says:
"I am now as well as ever after the
use of one bottle of Pe-ru-na. Besides
being one of the very best tonics it is
an excellent catarrh remedy."
Everywhere the people are prejaing
Pe-ru-na as a spring tonic. No one is
healthy who has catarrh. -Pe-ru-na
cures catarrh by making clean mucous
mebranes.
Mrs. D. W. Timberlake, Washington,
D. C., writes: "I have used Pe-ru-na
for a long while and find that it is an
excellent tonic. I always take a dose
after business hours, as it is a great
thing for the nerves." "Summer Ca-
tifI'" seti free by The pe-ru-ot Drug
Co., Columbus, 0.

MAKING HIM GLAD.
"George," she said, with considerable
severity, "this is the last time I shalt ask
you for money to get my coat made over."
"Good," he exclaimed. "There's an-
other matter out of the way that hag
been worrying me for a long time."-Ci-
cage Times-Herald.


---- -- - -- - - - - -


- 4
t

SiFACTORY LOADED SHOTGUN SELLS

S"NewRlalK" Ladrt ,"-a lEpta"

S4 Inist pon having them, take no others and you will get the best shells that money can buy.
4 ALL DEALERS KEEP THEM.
-I ---r v v v r wr r- -v ----- - - -

from a proper recognition of all breed- crci. of I'lor!da, and whose recent esti
ing classes, it is hoped to have an ex- male of the crop for the coming season
hibition of the classes of horses of itas attracted s(uchi wide attention, has
which every American is so proud, viz., prepared a statement, by request of
Sthe thoroughbreds, trotters, drivers transportation officials, of the product
Sand coacher horses, and in these class-: of the State for the past sixteen years.
Se. a special feature will be many fine i This is the only statement of the
Sturnouts, such as singles, carriage kind which has ever been compiled,
1 :o !'c, tandems, four-in-hands, and an and the Tribune publishes the highly
exhibition of saddle horses, etc. interesting figures for the first time.
Concerning the exhibit of sheep and The crop of each year is given in
swine, we are already in receipt of sev- boxes, and the figures show the fluct-
Sral letters front tile different sleep ,nation of the output, which reached its
and swine breeding associations, as highest point in 1794-95. The fgues
spring us of one of the largest exhibit? for this record-breaking season, how-
in this (lass that has ever been brought ever, are appromimated, as the great
together in this country. Several new freeze destroyer the larger part of the
breeds of sheep and swine will be giv- crop on the trees. The 6,000,000 boxes
en recognition in the premiqu list, represent what the product would have
with a view to developing and bring- been, had the freeze not occurred. As
ing out the special features and char it was, it is estimated that, of (,000,000)
itcteristics of these breeds, boxes which constituted the total crop
The poultry exhibit, if present indi- only 2,511,000 boxes were actually
"attion-i are reliable. will be the finest moved from the groves.
"v\-ir seen. Arrangements are being The total product of Florida oranges
wade for the accommodation of thous for the sixteen years is shown, by Mr.
:tds of birds, and we have the assur- Fuller's figures, to have been 30,346,-
;n(ce from nearly all of the poultry as 000 boxes. Figuring an average of 150
soc:ations that it is the intention of oranges to a box, it will be seen that
tlhe breeders to make this one of th the State has grown, in the period in-
:lr-gest poultry shows ever brought to eluded, the almqut Incomprehenible
gether at an Exposition. The pet stocl- total of 4,521,600.000 oranges.
will form no insignificant part of thi. Here are the figures for the sixteen
display, and all admirers of pets will years:
be well repaid in visiting this division. 18841-8.... ...... 600,000
As to the bench show, it is expected 1885-F8. .......... 900,000
that the finest specimens from Ameri- 18ti-87........... 1,210,000
can and Canadian kennels will be on 1887-88 .......... 1,450,000
exhibition. Perhaps in no line of 188889........... 1,150,000
breeding has the skill of America been IS&-Io........... 2,150,000
more manifest than in the line of pro- 1s)-91 ........... 2.450,000
dancing dogs that are famous the world 1891-92.......... 3,761,000
over, and to all interested in this, prob- 1892-93........... 3,450,000
ably the grandest opportunity ever of 108,3-..4.......... 5. A00.0 M
fered for comparison of high merit will 1894-95............ 6i,I,000,
be afforded by the Exposition. 1895-96........... 75,000
The stadium will be utilized for thiet 1i-f-7 .......... 10().I,)
exhibition and display of live stock. 1807-98i........... 150,000
This is a large structure, something af- 188-9............. 200,000
ter the fashion of the old Grecian Am- 18is-00.......... 350,000
phitheatre, with a seating capacity for
25.000 people, in which the various ali- Total.............30,146,000
mals will be taken to receive their An interesting revelation made by
honors at the hands of the judges. these figures Is the remarkable do.
Mr. F. A. Converse of Woodville, crease from 6.000.000 boxes in 1894-95
fJcfflron county; N. Y., In 1ouptriofid- to T5,000 Doxes in 1893-, snowing tie
ent of the live stock, dairy and agricul- almost total destruction of the groves
ture, and he informs us that the latch by the terrible freeze which devastated
string in his office, 735 EIllicott Square the leading industry of the State in
Buffalo, N. Y., is always on the outside, that year. The figures are also elo-
and those who cannot call on him at quent in showing the crop in the last
his office, he hopes to shake hands with few years. The crop of 1,000.000 boxes
at the Exposition in 1901. the coming seaonn will hb the Iluast








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. W3


Value of Artificial Wertiltlr.
"The great value of artificial fertili-
ears, found during all these years since
they first came into use, exists not only
in the direct supply of plant food which
they contribute to the crops, but equal-
ly and perhaps more in supplying some
special needed element lacking in lie-
soil, and which, when supplied,, enables
the plant to make use of what other-
wise could not have been available,"
says Henry Stewart in Country Gen-
tleman. "It Is well-known that If on-
ly one treatment of plant growth is
lacking, all the excess which may ex-
ist of other elements is useless. Just
as in building a house, if every needed
material except one may be supplied,
the house cannot be built. So with an
excellent fertilizer as that mentioned
which has what we may cad the dom-
inant kinds of plant foods needed by
the crops in lull supply for a-maximum
yield, the crop may be able to get from
the soil all it needs for the highest pos-
sible product. This is a plant which is
frequently missed by those using ferti.
lizers.
"It may be of Interest to mention
some facts in regard to this case. I
had been in correspondence with J. B.
Lawes, the noted English scientific ag-
riculturist, in regard to the condition
and possible improvement of the farm
I was then occupying and working as
a flar Imtter dairy, And in regard to
the condition of the land desetlbed,
which was exceedingly poor, he told
me that in all probability the land had
an abundance of plant food in it, and
opspe ially nitrogen, but it was all un-
available and useless to crops; but that
by liberal fertilizing this inert plant
food would become active and avail-
able, and in time, by the fertilizing cul-
ture, the land would become self-sup-
porting. I certainly found it so. I re-
member the crops I grew on that farm
as if it were yesterday. One fle=i pro-
duced 125 bushels and some pounds
over of shelled corn per acre; another
a few pounds over 100 bushels. Tile fol-
lowing crop on one field was angels,
ant tllae, with tin fertil'arrE yiildril ner
I.NHK) isliels to the avre. Some roots
exhii:ted at the New York City fair
weighed from thirty to forty pounds,
and were awarded a first premium.
"As in the perimannBvv of the feltl-
ity thus added, but mostly developed
in the soil by the fertilizer, proof was
given in the field of nearly forty bush-
els of wheat to the acre, on the same
land following the roots and the corn,
without any further application of fer-
tilizer, produced solely by the reserve
of plant food accumulated by it, and
developed by the culture of the land.
All my experience in the use of ferti-
lizers and manures during many years
has satisfied me that fertilizers and
manures are foods for crops, and not
itlmulants, but permanent increase in
the productiveness of the land follows
their generous use, with good culture,
of course, to enable the soil to do its
share.
"I have since then become practically
acquainted with the red clay lands of
the South, and am well satisfied that
the uses of good standard fertilizers
will inuai t'he w 'ot course as produc-
tive as any others in the world-of
course with a proper system of culture
to give the soil a change to do what It
may be able. One fault is, I know, fre-
quently made In using fertilizers; that
is too close economy with them. 'The
liberal soul shall be made fat' is appli-
cable and auch treatment is truly ecn-
omical. One liberal and full applica-
tion of fertilizers, with the best culture
will In the majority of instances not on-
ly repay the cost with the largest and
immediate profit but will make such
a permanent improvement, as, with a
proper rotation In which clover should
have its due place, will render the use
of fertilizers In some instances unnec-
essary thereafter. In this case I think,
s. a standard minimum, 600 Ibs. per
acre should be used. know of 1,000 lbs.
per acre even paying a better imme-
diate profit than any less quantity, and
I consider that the maximum. Then if
this start is followed by the feeding of
animals and the making of manure and
the growth of clover, the permanent
and steadily increasing fertility of the
land is insured."
Conserving Manure.-In common
with other things that are under con-
trol of trusts there has been a sharp


Dade County Tomatoes.
The Miami Metropolis contains the
rollouwng Item in rcefcren s tO he suo-
cess of tomato growers in Dade coun-
ty:
Mr. W. I. Peters, one of the famous
Cutler tomato growers, was In the city
this week and when seen by a Metrol)
oils representative and asked as to the
final outcome of the crop, and whether
or not the estimate made by the Me-
tropolis in Its issue of April 13th, was
a correct one, he replied:
"That was the finest and most con-
servative report as to what has been
done at Cutler that I have yet read,
and all of the growers agree with me
in this opinion as we discussed it free-
ly after we had read it. As for indi-
vidual crops I shipped 4.700 crates off
of the 45 acres, and one or my brothers
shipped about 9,000 off of 75 acres,
both being a little above your estimate
of 100 crates. You also figured that the
net price would be $1.50, while the
truth is, that mine' netted uie $1.71,
and I think all of tnem averaged more
tian $1.50 for the entire crop."
Mr. Peters stated that he was now
Inlishlng up the work of planting vel-
vet beans on the land, and he said that
he and every one of the family would
put in all they had in this year with
some additional new land besides.

Retarding Trees in the Spring,
Those who have practiced it all agree
that there is little to be gained in re-
tarding trees in the spring through the
application of a surface mulch, but all
agree that .any effective means for
keeping back the blooming of our fruit
trees in our changeable spring weather
would be a great advantage .to the fruit
grower. I have done some thinking,
observing and experimenting along this
line, and believe that some good may
result from the whitening with lime
wash was pnaotitiod at the MliiMsori
Station. But I also am convinced that
anything that will be effective must
have its first influence on the roots.
Some .years ago I was visiting a pro-
gressive farmer in eastern North Car-
olina. At the time of my visit it was
winter and in one sink hole that was
undrained stood an apple tree sur-
round by standing water. I asked him
why he did not drain that sink. He
replied: "You will notice that the ap-
ple standing now in the water is the
most vigorous and healthy tree in the
orchard. It never falls to bear, but al-
ways blooms later than any tree in the
neighborhood. The water disappears as
vegetation starts in the spring, and
there is never any there during the
growing season. I have come to the
conclusion that the conditions suround-
ing that tree during the dormant sea-
son are an advantage in retarding Its
blooming in the spring and thus enab-
ling it to escape the spring frosts." It
reminded me of what the late Dr. B.
F. Johnson, of Illinois, used to insist
upon, that the failure of the apple in Il-
linois was due to the general under
drainage, lowering the water level in
the soil and making it 'too dry for the
apple.


Mrs. E. C. Every, 505 Diamond Street, never borne any
Philadelphia, Pa, says: "I feel weil, children, but
never felt better; thanks for your at- since beginning
tontlon and Porru.na I will be glad to your medicine
do all I can in the way of advancing the I gave birth to a
sale of your valuable medicine. I do ten-pound baby
think Pe-ru-na the best medicine I have girl. She is now six months old, anm
tried at any time. Since I began taking weighs twenty-fivepounds. My friend
Pe-ru-na we have never beenwithout It." were all surprised. Some would no
Read what an elderly woman says-a believe it until they came to see me
woman who has passed through all the My husband says he never saw such
phases, crises and experiences of girl- change in anyone as there was in m,,
hood, womanhood and motherhood: "I after I had taken three or four bottles of
really believe that every woman in the Pe-ru-na. I am stronger than I havs
world ought to have Pe-ru-na on hand been since I was quite young. God
all the time; for, if she gets tired, Pe-ru- bless you and your medicine forever."
Da refreshes her; if she gets nervous, it Address Dr. llartman, Columbus, Oq
ntothe= '--r: if donspondent, it cheers for free catarrh book.


* Tea ytars agoe n Vao campus of the
North Carolian College of Agriculture,
I planted right on top of an ola well
that had been filled with fertile soil an
American linden, and at the same time
planted other lindlns from the mime
nursery row in other parts of the
grounds. The tree planted over the old
well has far outstripped all the otleri,
in growth. Rut that was to be ex-
pected from the deep subsoiling it en-
joyed. What is the singular thing.
however, about that linden over the
well fite is the fact that it never
swells a bud until all the other trees,
L.ndens and nil. are in full leaf. I anl
convinced that the reason is that the
roots have had no inducement to spread
into the surface around, but have gone
dow-i deeply into the old well, and aro
not affected by the first warmth of
spring. They are down'in the cool soi,
and remain dormant until spring is
well advanced, and then grow with an
uninterrupted certainty.
Why is this not a hint? I propose to
plant a row or two of fruit trees of the
same variety, peaches for instance, as
thqrf are the onoe we wish mainly to
retard. With part of these I propose
to evacuate deep holes in the solid clay
and fill them with surface soil, on
which the trees will be planted. Tlhe
remainder I will plant in the ordinary
way, and I believe that there will be a
difference in the time of starting. I
Dolleve that the practice will give even
better results in the colder soil north
than here. And not only in the spring
retarding, but I believe that it will
have a greatly beneficial effect in those
cold climates where root killing in win-
ter is a common difficulty. The early
starting of our trees is caused by brief
intervals of heat, and if the roots are
not within the influences of the tem-
porary warmth, I do not believe that
much harm can be done. Certain it is
that it requires weeks of warmth to
start my linden.-W. C. Massey in Am-
erican Agriculturist.

Forest Fires.
District Attorney Stripling, of the
Southern District of Florida, has called
attention to the act of Congress to pre-
vent fires on the public domain, approv-
ed May 5th, 1900. The act is the fol-
lowing:
"Be it enacted by the Semate d


IHIeu Oe Ho t pp(iBontlltivo of tho United
States of America, in Congress assem-
bled, That an act entitled An a:t to
prevent forest fires on the public ,do-
main, approved February 24. 1897, be,
and ti samine ts hereby amended so as
to read is follows:
"That any person who shall wilflvl!y
or maliciously set on fire, or cause to
be set on fire, any timber, und.erbrush,
or grass upon the public domain, or
shall leave or suffer fire to burn unat-
tended near any timber or other inflam-
Imable material, shall be deemed guilty
of a im:s;deineanor. and upon conviction
thereof in any district court of the
!nitod States, having jurisdiction of
the same, shall be fined in a sum not
more than five thousand dollars or It-
liinprlsoned for a term of not more than
two years, or both.
'Section 2. That any person who
shall bulld a fire in or near any forest,
timber or other inflammable inaterial
upon the public domain shall, before
h having said fire, totally extinguish the
same. Any person failing to do so,
shall be deemd guilty of a misdemean-
ori, a11l n1pon eonBietln tIorler, In any
district court of the United States, hav-
ing jurisdiction of the same, shall be
f.ned in a sum of not more than one
thousand dollars or be imprisoned one
year or both.
'Sec. 3. That in all cases arising
under this act the fine collected shall
lie paid into the public school fund of
the county in which the lands where
tile offense was committed are situat-
ed.' "

Intensive Gardening.
In going over the county and meet-
ing the tillers of the soil," we find a
large number who are making their
first experiment in growing truck.
Among them we find lawyers, doctors,
merchants-In fact, almost every pro-
fession is represented. Many times, as
we hae lo- Iooled over their well tilled
fields, wr il ninense crops of fruits and
vegetable., we have said: "You must
oe an experienced farmer or fruit grow-
er." The answer often came back:
"No, sir, this is the first time I ever
planted a crop of vegetables or tried
to grow fruit trees. I am a novice at
this kind of business." Yet without
experience or previous kaowledp


I


advance In the price of chemicals that'RLH WOMA HOOD AD MTHERHOOD
te amers use for the manufacture ofTHERHO
commercial fertilizers or that the man-
ufacturers use in the making up of
commercial grades. This is said to be Are Renovated, Regulated and Restored by the
especially true of the materials that Pelvie Catarrh Remedy Pe-ru-na.
contain nitrogen. It therefore behoovesemedy e
the farmer to loos. after the fertilizers and invigorates. It is a panacea for all
he has on the farm. By the ordinary irregularities of her monthly periods
manner of handling manure at least i s a c constant friend to the epectan
half of te nitrogen is lost. One-hal It a constant friend to the expectant
of the value of the excrement from our other; a never-failing stand-by to th
cattle and pther stock is in the liquids, nursing mother, both for herself and fo
which on many farms are not saved at her child, and fhally when the elang
all. -Nitrogen especially abounds in the of life comes on, no medicine on earth t
liquids, as is evidenced by the ammo- of equal efficacy to the woman in thi:
nia they throw off. We want again to critical period. Surely Pe-ru-na is th.
'rge that every farmer take measures woman's friend."
to save these valuable products. The That catarrh has any relation to bar-
farmers have manure piles that are ex- renness in women is surprising to many
posed to all weathers and that have no It is one of the mysteries of catarrh.
arrangement to save the liquids should It of the te o catrrh
at once stop the waste. It means hun- This insidious disease penetrates to
dreds of dollars to the pocket of every every organ of the body. Mrs. L M
farmer. Remember that the manure Griffith,ofCambridge,Neb, says: "Yon
pile is not only assailed by the rain medicine did
but by the air, and the latter helps to i ime a wonderful
deprive it of its ammonia-a form of amount of good.
nitrogen. It is not enough to prevent It cured me
nature from leaching and washing, It of barrenness. I
must be kept from drying out and thus am thirty years d
losing its ammonia, or a large part Mrs. E. C. Every. old and had
of it.-Farmers' Review. .. ....'


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3a6 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

many of this class are making a grand tracted more universal attention during H E L P F O R Y O
mceany s s 'the past decade than the Soutihern
We saw this forcibly illustrated a kst to so-called "cow" peat I Ind
few days since. We called with a oumn, especially on g*ht sandy soils, I
friend at the pleasant suburban home seems to be unqueettoned by all who have
of Dr. Walter S. Graham, just north e them a trial; and prably to Prof.
W. F. Massey, (of NoDrh Carvnia, more
of Miami, on the rk road. r ra- hn to any other individual s due the For honest treatment and a speedy cure write
ham is well-known throughout the en- honor of their very general introduction. or go to Dr.J. Newton aathaway whose
tire length of the East Coast as one of Believing from inquiries which arec- Or go to Dr. J. Newton Hathaway whose
stamtly coming in from our subscribers.
the most successful lawyers in the .that many of t'le are not fully posted, great reputation is a sufficient guarantee of
State. Early in life he developed a we will endeavor to give in this article a at t Con sultti at o, maica ee.
desire for the medical profession, and general summary Bgathered from the ex- satisfactory results. Con ltaton office
studied medicine, gra ting with hoi periences of 'hundreds of men North and
studied medcee angradSuatng' with hon Bouth who have experimented along thas IConracteds or Hereid-
ors from a Hahnemann medical school line. e a Blood Pos S al- i Kiday and rPainulDi a
in Philadelphia, afterwards successful. As Prof. Massey says, It is pIaln that tary Syphillis In all its VaJ I Iin ij
in hi heroes i e farmers of the Sou'h are at last wak- terrible stages, producing copper-colored cult. Too Frequent, Bloody or Milky Urine-
ly practicing his chosen profession ;n ing up to the wonderful value of the spots on face or body, little ulcers on tile all functional diseases of the Heart, Lungs.
his home city, Later he gave up the plant they have been growing In a desul- tongue, in the mouth or throat, falling out of Liver and Stomach; also Catarrh, Rupture,
practice of medicine and be.in deiv- story way for generations. The progress the hair or eyebrows, decay of the flesh or Rheumatism, Piles, Fistula and all Blood
ing into the mysteries of Blackstone. o ts culture has been steadily nort- bones, completely and forever eradicated and Skin Diseases and all Female Diseases
go he hasbeen one fthe moat" ward. and today one of our correspond- without the uce of nuriouns dmas riu. trteod aok"ordins to the latest and best
T, ho hamh b--n Ono of thi moat .-kttur Thlron ouhrsak
eei~ la IaWy Il tile ou ani IpP ue sdy Lystem L tIn a pure, stioug au llealtl- lnltaus Known Lo miuiut al i nLi o.
oftimes his medical knowledge has I te frst D e t sound be generally fUl state. or e d which rreen asp on
understood that the cow pea Is not prop-orenlaged veins, whch dence always sue-
been brought into use y physicians, early a pea at all, but a species of bean Varic ie lead to a complete loss of cessful. Write for free book just published and
who recognized his skill and sought his which we believe originally came from
o counsel Japan. iIt Is closely allied to the soy bean sexual power; also Hydrocele, Gonorrhcea, Symptom blank i you cannot call.
counsel. and velvet bean famlles. The plants are Glect, Stricture and all Private and Venereal J. NEWTON HATHAWAY, M. D.
After arriving at his home, he in- tender and easily froated, like our com- Diseases and Weaknesses of men quickly Dr. Hathaway a .,
vited us to visit his garden. To us it mon garden beans, and require a higlh cured. 5 Bran Street. a 5 vaBryan sr.
was a great surprise. In one portion emerature to enab e them to develop JSANTION THIS PAPER WFIs W]UTINO.
he had 500 hills of cucumbers. Between Like clover, .the roots of this plant are the peas -re two-thirds ripe I turn the
the rows he had pDanted one row of supplied with nodules, whiloh assist it in hogs on them bt oy for a few s TRUSSES 1.25 AND UP
cabbage and one row of Irish potatoes. glathering and storing nitrogen to the soil 'the first week until I get them used to
BThe whole ground was covered with i. ed States Depart- t he diet. When I want 'the peas for yhay "
y !SBulletin o. 89, United States Depgart- I tr.",. tw I5 1 he *, _n-- t .. 1eiay =
while the cucumbers were iB All MS fS t6 the Bouth what aifflta is to theWet 19 the wara" (ln SO 'l2 rmwl voi peeV or f
of growth and the calbaIge Ieil and red clover to the North-a -orage turn yellow I start my mower. I try to 65C.
plant well adapted 'to the need of the atWe __ _eg e 5 --
nicely. This, we said is indeed "inten- n. n ut goose a ime when e weather is foar, th cow ;v en the amin otbiess -
sive" farming; three separate crops South for at least 150 years. There are und then start nh rak for lat in the W',CPOc hc by other and W -
sun. I then start my rake late in the oqtheAily TI [FIT b_ otheTt sal d W
growing together on the same piece of a great many varieties of the cow pea; eve'ng and early in the morning when ne eITyu I r m orouI T Ir i .sa l i ew
a -real variation in the length of tqne re.-hat hay s dried is damp, so it will teri I F r. A.- z
ground, and all of them making a most a htns die.dh dapel eu mh ill r.btutsed above, cut this
ground, and all of them making a most uir to rtpem seed. some requiring eti2.ht nt rumrhleo_ I let it lay in t*he row trve t -t tnrl ndto.i' ht SPEtIL P5CLA iL
surprising growth. The doctor Bald ni- !ll'- min!linis air a w In lirty y or tree .ays, owing to the weather, and .r y'Ur rs1 WApls, showi ns youh rola..
with a considerable degree of pride: frn3 time f planting Wihenever a crop from there I load t onto the wagon and r 'urd, wheeler ruptue lareil a l; a sobtth
fo thr Ieas load betn ontorn tqfe wago nd nnmber inches around the body on a line witl the
itse (Iof cow eas thai been taken off a field haul ilt -to the barn. I scatter it as much rapturesay whether ruptureis on right or leftaslde,
Shave shipped seventeen crate of he rf so riher by a good as I 2an i the mow and i I think it a dwe will end either r to you with the under
cumbers oft that patch, this week, and many pounds, in that most costly of all little green I mix some dry hay or straw st'dinrg. irt is sta perk> fet sd eqails tL.t that
I have only just begun." Cucumbers pr'nt foods--e trogen. Cow pes are t ith it to keep it from moulding. then r ret re tmour prioyoucaneeturnitdWwe
plain'ted broadcast or in drills, very corn- will return your money.t bs abf
were then bringing $5 per crate. He on.etween the rows of cornf after the The Tennesse E erot n gives WRITE FOR FREE TRUS CATALOGUE ba ,
added:I "I will have several barrels of crop has been laid by. The amount of the following in a recent rort: The .*t.gives e*,iyludithe se.Sn a T
cabbage and a number of oushels of seed used Is from four qumrts to two cow pea merits consdertIon as a hay t$.2t.5uliat O Ugr KS oSlh oCHI fs ot
Irish potatoes." The doctor is simply per acre, he average about e- producing plant. f the many leumes d EAR ROEUCK o. CI
.in perhaps about three pecks. If sown adopted to Southern conditions, this one
delighted with his experiment, as It is in drills 18 or 30 inches apart less seed is stands peerless as a forage or hay-yielder
purely an experiment, he never having retired than when sown broadcast. The as- o0 YEARS'
had experience In growing "truck." sed will stand being covered to a dept;E
had experience n grotwo or three inches, but care mus b 1 It makes an enormous growth of EXPERIENCE
Whether Hahnemann or Blackstone taken to plant when the ground is neither vines.
has revealed to him the "how." or too wet nor too cold. as the neas rot vry 2. It may be termed a "sure crop" and
W e It 1 le l t Of I well-~rain- ~rldl- unvr ouvh lrcumocni V, cuncr. iucn pi'lliLn Flvoti a it IRas fa&k eily
whemter it ie result or a well-tran-of t he failure tat has attended the at- rich in protein.
ed mind that is able to reason from tempted introduction of cow peas into! 3. rt is thus euperbly adapted to the
cause to affect, and apply this reason- Northenn States is due to planting before production of muscular energy, mlk and
ing in actual business, we know not, the ground Is warm enough; they are flesh in the various classes of domeeti-
ing in actual business, we know not, tn regr ptlle t toldnauehwe an td animals.
more susceptible 'to cold and wet than is cated animals.
but we are inclined to think that neith- corn. When the vines are grown for hay The cow nea is a gross feeding dait, .- TRA MARIt
or H!llnullnnll nor i-okMa tollO I tF'onlt lilo yloll l w D ilwrge if the io1d i! and as many of clay subsoils are stil. DESIGNS
upon plant life or the relation of plant planted in drills and cultivated once or the land should be deeply broken and COPYRIGHTS Ac.
to n of twice. The yield of peas is also larger thoroughly pulverized. A dne tilth is of Anyone sending a sketch and descriptinr.n m
liTe to the soil or the relation of ferti- wen only a moderate amount of seed is the utmoet importance In any soil. The quickly ascertain our opinion free ilieer r a
liners to plant life, but ile doctor care- sown and tfhe vines have more space, with amount of food In the seed is limited, but invention is probably patentable. Conmmunia
fully and systematically studied the r"enty of light and air 'between them. this must suffice, until the plant estaeb- tlonsstrictlyconaidental. HandbookonPatents
S The vines should be mowed for hay when 'ishes itself In the osll. The it Lure of sentfree Oldest reyofor securing ets
problem, ana has successfully solved it. .he peas are well formed and the leaves cow weas on some sols may be traced to specotentse,. without hre. int e ceie
"How much did you make off that and peas are first beginning to turn yel- indifferent preparation. As the cow pea A'sltl l.
patch?" we asked. "There are 500 low. After wilting on the ground or in is a heavy feeder, it draws freely on the
fpatch? we asked "h a ere a"re fr-" I A SS itHg th9s haby ig thacorharl cai asin potash of the t tal lIH iu Ia .
hills if euasonlms, tIs vas lg a ga fMl pIapel i small piles or cocks and allowed It is necessary, therefore, to supply these A handsomely llntratea weekly. Iarrest cir.
potatoes. If the prices hold good and to cure for several days, when it is taken fertilizing elements in a liberal manner, elation of any sclentiac journal. 'Terms, 3 a
nothing serious happens to my crop, I to the barn and stacked In sheds. The especallly on thin lands Whidh it is pro- ea: fourmonths, 1. soldbyall newadealers
ll mae a gd thing. Th pren hav-making process is a difficult one, re- posed to improve systeanatcaly. IIN 31aBldmy. ew r
slall make a good thing. The present tquing morp care and attention than in In discussing farming in North Carolina o s oUa i c
iudllcations are that my cucumbers will the case of red clover, because the broad and urging the benefits of growing the Wh o.
bring me at least $1 per hill. I shall heaves and thick stems contain a larger Southern field or cow pea Prof. Massey
have several barrels of potatoes and amount of water. The hay must be has said: It is not in its direct action on
ave several arre o potatoes and placed in cocks before the leaves become the soil that the value of the cow pea '
cabbage, which will bring me a good brittle, and the niles must be amall c e in to a se-o-t to..s i- a per a -
pFli. W;, Wll throw In the cabbage -ailsh t "llesw trro olrCulailtn Uif r ito wili -ast i tne Knowin of, iee aI Is ALWAIS KEEP ON HAND
and potatoes, and my little patch of the center of eaah. The feeding value of such a benefit to the sogl, 'why not get at
cow-pea hay is very high. as shown by it at once by plowing under the whole
ground will probably net me $500." In chemical tests and analysis. One ton of orop?" Much has been rwrttten in the i
another portion of the garden he had it is equal to a ton and a half of best North, especially, In regard to what they
some beets gowin, from which he timothy. One hundred pounds of the call "green manuring," and many there
some ees growing, rom wic e green vines contain 16.4 of total dry mat- advocate the growing of crops of clover
was supplying his grocer. He said: ter, of which ten pounds are digestible. or peas for the sole purpose of turning There is no kind of pain
"My gardener sent $4.00 worth of beets One hundred pounds of hay contains 89.3 them under for manure This to a very or ao i l or
from that patch to E. L. Brady & Co. pounds of dry matter, of which 50.7 eohort-sighted policy anywhere, ad par- or ache, Internal or exter
pounds are digestible. The digestible ticularly in the South. The plowing un- nal, that Pain-Killer will
this morning. I am selling every day crude protein in the hay amounts to 10.79 der of a mass of green vegetation in a not relieve.
from $2 to $4 worth. While this is no pounds in comparison with 10.58 pounds warm clinmte, and espelallyy on a sandy
great thing, t more than supplies my alalfa, 10.9 for crimson clover, 58 oil, apt to result n he evolution of LOOK OUT FOR IMITATION
ret wthngromrie, and th e my for red clover and 2.59 folr timothy. 'he organir _.. et. So ss t a a K OUT FOR It2ITtTIONS LN
table with gro~arlt, and that of mfy digetiibie caronyarates ant rat amoum t fies to ii renier tM d sol treated for a STITUTES. THE GENUINE BOTTLE
gardener, besides leaving a nice bal- to 39.91 pounds in every 100 pounds of time wholly unproductive. Green m&- BEARS THE NAME,
ance to my credit." The doctor has cow pea hay, 39.71 for alfalfa, 39.42 for nursing la'wrong for another reason. It
several hund n crimson clover, 37.01 for red clover and we turn under at midsummer the green PERRY DAVIS a SON.
several hundred bananas planted 49.15 for timothy. The green cow pea growth, we cut short the estrogen gath-
through his garden and some of them vines are more succulent than red clover ering the plants would do for us, for the < , ,
were holding large bunches of this de- or any of the grasses, containing less dry greater part of this is done In the letter
Ioeiona fruit In hl ,arEdoEn preo, matter per total weight. art of Bhe fanit's growth and by tur-
711 ,iRMasG lZ g _2t eg M 116 6kipar of the permtila' gertirw
La8 a itttl Of a1If6Bt "46e Y ting grow- nhis experience with cow peas as follows: of the work that It would have on.e Ity of the o ll.
ing to supply his table. Of fruit trees I have charge of the Sumner county, later on and at tW same tme run the The e aided by the apptcation of
li h a a Tenn., poor farm and have the advantage rsk of Inurng rather thn benefiting mneral fertilizer will a
e as a variety experimenting at the expense of some the soil. But the ot important pon frt lia, will give us a good
guavas, grapefruit, etc. We has guana one else, but in the case of cow peas the is that we 'thus buty a crop worth usu- but the organtc matter and t noodee
Il;lats eighteen months from the seed experiment has proven profitable. There ally at least $20 per acre as food for stock the form of barnyar and staebe mafne
that are covered with bloom and young are about 350 acres of land in 'the farm Now. it must be a remarkably profitablvehav never vet baen fully nltated I
lld 1 tareovere "with 0lUO11I antI young .and I am exoeaotd Si praduoe .eough af .onop Vhant mxaeesdi atlt .,eh n ple- (insla neie i yis ber u Wiey Snltar In
rlilt. It 11 vlltdrt tllht the SttWl what can oe xrown on tte farm to sup- Uitune of root to maie tia pay. o tit i eeeti of o trl.e
does not practice the teaching of Hah- Iply the Inmates, of which there, is usu- All experiments here and elsewhere tho p cat nbute feeding of stock it is true
nemann in his farming experiments, afly about 50. ThIs requires a large have shown tat the beet way ts to cure feed them off on the ground to hogs and
a mount of pork and beef and I have been the peas as hay ad to feed them o eto m o n egr o hg a
lbut gives his land llopathie doses of making that from cow peas and pea hay. stock and save all the manure caely Ma te the soil increasingly e but
tertiliser, coupled with intelligent cul- I put up 7.000 pounds of pork this win- to be returned to the sol. And St has yther are few localities in tdhe a lya
2 where 'thme feeding of beef or dairy sell-
tivation, and has made a success.- ter that was made from cow peas grown also been proved that fule 25 pe cent. l can not be made a profitable part
lori East Coast Homesker. "-on 35 acres of the poorest land on the of the talnurial va ue can be 'thus save of 'the farm work.
Florida Est Coast Homeseeker. farm. I also cut all the hay I wanted end that the feeding value can be fully
from 15 acres fair land. This was my realized in addition and a pIrot made
method of culttvating cow peas. I select from the animals fed.
Cowpm Tll. my poorest land that I lhad put to corn The svavish dependentdel of the South- IN AN APAR'IIENT HOUL E.
Columns and books have been writ- the previous year, and about the last of enn farmer and the fertlPser mamifac- Visitor-What's that racket?
ten on the cowpea, and the subject is Apri I break it. then let it lay about 10 turer has been largely brought about by Imnate-That's some fellow getting a
to 15 days. I then harrow and rol the the failure to make the feeding of stock tooth out down stairs In the dentist's
not yet exhausted. Mr. E. H. Pellings, land till I get it thoroughly pulverized, an important part of our work. Stock 'office.
of Prospect, Tenn., contributes the fol- I next take a roll drill and plant about feeding and the sailing of manure .le at i Vislor-Sounds more as f It came from
lowing chapter in Up-to-Date Farm- thirty inches apart, using about seven the very foundation of a a scessful ag- above.
quarts of seed to the acre. I cultivate riculture, and the man wto supposes that Inmne-43o it does. I guess it'. Young-
Ing: twice very shallow. and this is all the in the long run he can do with ommer- pop's new baby getting a tlooth In.-PhBl-
Pertaps no other plant or crop ais at- cultivation I give them. About the time cal fertiliers alone wiln and that he does adelphla Press









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Diseaas lt d Laieots of th Citrus. re-arrangement to convert the sugar of
At last year's meeting of the State the sap Ito starch, gum and cellular tis-
Hortlcnltunml Boriety, the aOmmitteo ?gYvthnrye or eufa-nr is carbon 12, hy-
on Diseases and Insects of the Citrus, dra n 22, and oxygen t; 'me o ruxeos,
S carbon 6, hydrogen 12, and oxygen 6,
submitted the following report: while starch, gum and cellular tissue are
This committee in reporting on diseases carbon 6, hydrogen 10. and oxygen 5. Ni-
and insects of the citrus, has considered tric and sulphuric acid are used commer-
the subject from a prtotical standpoint. clally 'to change starch Into glucose or
1ts members are practical orange grow- graie sugar and the effects of hi-sulphate
ers and as such do not have the time, and caustic soda sprays in sweetening or
apparatus and exact special knowledge rendering insipid the juice of oranges are
fo study bioogical and organic chemical well known to many members of this So-
aspects, their natural enemies, or the clety, while fertilizers containing a high
onSmpativoe efo( t of henical exitermina- Dercentaae of su-lIhate of armnonia have
tore. a marked influniio in todiaonsa o n"a-
We refer members of the aSciety who turity and increasing the sweetness o.f cr-
wish to study these subjects to reports anges, 'though I am convinced all these
of specialists which have been presented effects are produced at the expense of the
at former meetings, or the bulletins of vitality of the tree.
the U. S. Department oi Agriculture and The tree roots seem to have but a lim-
the Experiment Statons. ited power of selection of food elements
In fact, the present attitude of many when presented in excessive quantities
orange growers is fitly described by Mr. and the putrefactive products of organic
Moremen, of the committee, who says: nitrogen fertilizers not only produce
'*Phere is only one disease that concerns coarse, poor flavored fruit, but derange
me now, the occasional absence of caloric the sap functions and produce disease. If
in the suronamding atmosphere." Mr. there is a low Deroentare of potash and
Beed of the committee deacribee sombie of the soil is low and lHable to saouration
the resulting conditions as follows: with bog ore solutions the conditions are
"All the trees in this vicinity are bud- still further aggravated and in a few
ded on sour stock and are not troubled years dieback, foot rot or limb blight are
with foot rot. With us the trees kept abneot sure results.
dying back nearly all of the first sum- An ample supply of phosphoric acid in
mer after the freeze, but since then we Ithe sap is necessary to enable plants to
have had no trouble except In oases of convert the sugars ItJ o fluid gums, and
hard freezes when the bud or sprout the gums into cellular tissues. The iron
would be killed below, while above al solutions may revert the phosphoric acid
would remain green and grow for tahile. In both soil and sap, or 'the putrefactive
One party here had a strange experience ptomaines partially paralyze the proto-
with a good many of his buds, when plasmic sa;i functions so that 'the tree is
they were one and two years old. Most hindered from converting tthe transitional
of those affected were buds thialt had had gums into cellular tissue and they accu-
inelanose. When they were banked they mulate in such quantities as to rupture,
were in some instances struck with a or sour and destroy the bark.
shovel and bruised and the next spring An overfed tree is also more liable to
when they were unbanked there would be Ithe ravages of tnsedts.
qutte a deayoed placed around the bruise In conclusion we would recommend von-
"Wel, during tme summer vhey com- servatlve methods or cultivation and rer-
mencedto eed and the bark would de. tiliz'ig as the best preventive of in-
cay, and finally become entirely girdled. t'.s ,..n di.a.- ss.
"Some trees, however, would bleed and With bearing orange trees a properly
die that had not been bruised in any way, proportioned chelnical sulphate fertilizer
and in some instances would decay all with cessation of cultivation and shading
around without bleeding or showing any of the soil with grass or other green
sign of there being anything wrong. We growth during the rainy season, has
laid it to their having had melaose, proved the safest general method of main-
though I hardly think that could have training healthy trees and producing high
been the entire cause. grade fruit.
"The only thing that bdrhers us here I
bout banking trees is wood lice. While The Southern Cowpea.
they don't girdle a tree entirely they eat The observant student of agricultulrl
SEd many pla in them, nd h T observant student of gi guttural
a god many ~ i~n h end St urtnresw s t'nnot hfras ftlli to note tie
seems to slctren them more or less. Last
aseeM s to e nte ore or less. great advance that has been made in re-
winter I tried lime and sulphur together, ,reat ads in the cultiatin of le in re-
but neither one did any good. Another ous plants for feeding of cattle and the
year I think I shall try sprinkling with imploveneunt of the sell. The determi-
Paris green and sone other substance to nation of the agency which these plants
make It stick to the tree. The only thing have in fixation of nitrogen in the torm
I see against that is it may kill the bene- ofranic matter in the soil Is one of
facial bugs and insects after unbetaslng She greatest accomplishments of modern
again." biological Study. The fact that clover
These conditions occur in the hammock and some other plants did exert a great
of the Halifax river and are found n influence in improving the fertility of the
greater or less degree on high as well as soil was long known, but how they did it
lowlands all over the State. Oweet seed- was a matter about which nothing was
ung stocks that were affected with foot known 'tll recent years, and there is still
rot 'have In many situations collapsed -much to be learned in regard to the ex-
and trees that were not affected before act process by which the legumes do ac-
the '95 freezes have also degenerated Into quire 'The nitrogen of the air fhrou.ih
very unsatisfactory conditions, the agency of microbes living on their
In my own experience the scald that roots. Bu:t for the practical farmer tt is
followed banking buds on sour stocks In enough to know that they do it. Know-
darp soils with the attendant ravages of ing 'the great good to the soil which has
wood lice that had been working in the been done in the North through the use
decaying wood of .the etmmps has led me of clover, many Southern farmers have
,to bank as late as possible and uncover tried clover growing with more or less
early In February, so that a large por- success. More failures generally than
Ution of my groves were unprotected on successes 'have been with clover in the
February 13th ot this year. South, particularly in the cotton land of
In fact with stumps over six inches n ithe coast region proper. And right there
diameter still further stunted by this was where the benefits of such a plant
freeze, I shall go slow in spending much was most needed, for the long constant
time and labor grafting or budding till and clean culture of cotton has so re-
the new sprouts give indications of suffl- duced the humus in 'the soil that com-
clent stamina to warrant continued care mnercial fertilizers failed to have the ef-
and attention, as it will doubtless be feet desired in iheir use and the soil suft-
more satisfactory to replace most of them fered more seriously from the effects of
with new trees budded on sour stocks. drouth than when fresh and fertile.
In a general way these experiences with For generations the Southern field or
sweet versus sour stocks have been do- cowpea has been grown in the desultory
cided in Europe in favor of sour Stocks, manner in the South, usually among
and although the latter do not make as corn merely for the purpose of getting
large trees, yet thicker planting of early the peas or for feeding hogs on the land
bearing varieties will produce a given after the corn was off. Only in recent
amount of fruit bearing surface much years -have the Southern farmers begun
sooner and the small trees will rally more .to wake up to the knowledge of the won-
quickly from the shock of freezing if we derful value of the cowpea both as a for-
unfortunately experience late frosts again aqre plant and as a soil improver. Farm-
in Ithe near future. The common scales, ers who formerly thought they were do-
white fies, rust mites and red spiders ing a good thing for their land by letting
that formerly had so much attention, for Pt lie a year between crops of cotton
the present are largely back numbers, but growing up in all manner of weeds and
-the appearance of the cottony cushion grass, have found out the most profitable
scale at Clearwater Harbor, whtch Is way to reet their land is to cover it with
more deadly than all these other enemies peas instead of weeds, and thus get a val-
combined, demands serious consideraltIon. usble feed crop when cured as hay,
Pruning and destruction of trees, sprays while the land is improved in productive
and fumigation were powerless in OaH- capacity for the following crop, We are
fornia to control or hinder its spread, and beginning to learn that there is no rea-
the forlorn hope Of sending Koebele to son to regret the fact that clover is not
Australia to discover natural enemies, a success in the South, for we have at
the almost total deSruotlon in a short 'hand a plant fully adapted to our climate
time of the scale so that the Vedalia also whidh will do all that clover can do for
for want of food became almost extinct, us, end do in 60 to 90 days what clover
forms one at the brightest chapters in takes two years to accomplish. lt' has
American entomology. In fact the natur- fallen to my lot to take an active part In
al enemies, whether Insect, fungoid or the battle for the pea, and in urging on
bacterial, are the only safe and economi- the Southern farmer the practicability
cal means of fighting the insect pests of with its aid of increasing the fertility of
fruit trees. It is true that before the his soil to the highest point of produc-
natural enemies have bred in sufficient tiveness without the purchase of an ounce
numbers to control -the pests the distract- of nitrogenous fertilizer. The cotton
ed horticulturists will use any spraying lands of the South in the sandy sections
compound that promises relief, but I am at least, need good supplies of nitrogen,
satisfied t.he more active compounds are and this is the most costly thing they
equally destructive to the natural ene- have to buy when bought in a commer.
mis of tIe Ineaot, while some of Ithem cial fetrtiliser. But the poa qqves them
have a stualting or burning effect on the this in abundance at the same time it is
trees that may prove as damaging as the elving them the ,most valuable of stock
pest itself. foods.
I am convinced that not enough atten- The agitation that has been going ouf
tion is given to the chemical action of in regard to the Southern pea ha attr--t-
sprays and ferttllers on the phystologi- ed as much attention among the wide
oal processes of citrus trees and fruits, awake farmers in the Northern Stateo as
The chemical composition of the staroh- in the South. The introduction of early
es, gums, sugars and cellular tissue is maturing varieties has enabled the North-
identical, there being but an addition of a ern farmer to experiment with the
molecule or two of water, or a moleclfar Southern pea, and he too has found that


it is a plant of inestimable value, and O crop can
that the "Clover of the South" can well
supplement the clover int *he North. |
Yronra it wag war, f h t ta the pea gow with- /
could nat be made a. mtCeoss nowin or
Maryland and Delaware. But we have
letters from farmers who have found it OUt Potash-.
invaluable as far north as Southern Ver.
mont, Northern Indiana and Southern
Michigan. Seed taken gradually from Every blade of
South to North as they will mature have
enalyled 'the plant to become accltmeated
much further north than was thought Grass, every grain
possible a few years ago. Of course, it
reaches its greatest value and develop- f Corn. all
mnt in a wvr'm oliHnata and a sandy oil. C n, all FruitS
rew fatirnesa ouuvuad a few carno ago
tha't the farmers in Illnois and Missouri and
would be growing cowpeas for forage, n Vegetales
and finding them a success. A feeder of
;beef cattle for tihe export trade in Mis-
souri says that no food he can get will must have it. If
finish off a beef like the 'hay of the cow-
pea.
Another man in Misouri, whose bus- enou is supplied
iiness is 'the raising of thoroughbred
horses, says there s no feed equal to cow- you can count on a full crop-
pea 'hy for finishing up a ortt. From
extfLUnlvc capcrimUMto dt the Statitw,
and among farmers in the vicinity of he if too little, the growth will be
Station, the Missouri Station advises the
farmers of the State to grow cowpeas ,
for hay rather than timothy. And yet SCrUbby.
the Southern farmer has for years and
generations been regretting that he can- Sedforour booste li a about composislm f
not grow hay in the South as they do in
the Nortnh, and has accepted R as a fact fertilizerbest adapted for al crops. They cost yo
that he cannot feed cattle because of the nothing.
lack of hay. With the cowpea, which
he can grow better than it can be grown GERMANKAIJWORKS,93NasunSt.,New YmVk
anywhere else, he can compete with any
latrt of the country in feeding cattle. If
timothy it should be found still more T"r .
profitable to grow it in the South where
the iea is more at home. Our farmers
have for years been expementing with
various kinds of forage plants, such as
cat-tail millet, German millet, Teosinte, w i
,!nd all thKo to0lia thnia have or into boon That Wlil ill
sent to us as forge plants, while all the all the weeds
while they have had In the pea a pliant ofa in yuwns
suripssiing excellence for all the pur- in yourlawn.
poses of forage, while ait the same time it If you keep
returns to the land more than it takes
Kaway from it. the weeds cut
The wonder is not that the pea is be- so they donot
ing more extensively grown in the South,
but that it has ever been neglected. But go to seed,
it will nmt do to assume that the pea will
make any soil permanently fertile. It andcut your
gives us nitrogen-making humus, but in grass without
order to do this it needs feeding, for it
i a g.repedy consumer of phosDhoric acid breaking the small feeders of roots
a;In potalan. We e ave l or years urged up- the grass will become thick and
Sthe farmer the fact that by feeding grass will become thick and
tihe pea we can more rapidly Increase the weeds will disappear. Send for
produ tiveness of our land, than by the
short-sighted policy of applying fertil- Catalogue.
izers to the sale crop direct, and buy- THl CUPPR WILl DO IT
ing the nitrogen we could have gotten
without cost and even at a profit. Ap- CLIPPER LAWN MOWER CO.
plying the cheaper forms of plant food Norristown, Pa.
to ilhe pea crop we get a large increase
ill the foralge cropl that is going to stay
on the farm to be fed to animals. It is 'lhe International Publishing Coul
easy to see that the heavier the forage lony of Philadelphia and Chicago
crop the more animals can be fed. The of Philadelphia and Chicago.
more stock we feed and feed well, the ias.e just published a new and Inter-
more manure we make at home and
make the need for nitrogenous fertilizers eating life of 1i. L. Moody. Also.
still less. Raising the richest of forage "War in Africa." and many other ele-
and feeding it we will constantly be In-
credaing our ability to feed as the pro- gant and useful books. The best terms
ductiveness of the soil increases. to agents Aplly to I Morgan Kie-
An increase in the pea crop must in-o t. Aply to M an,
variably be followed by an Increase in similsee, State agent for Florida.

Ithe crop that succeeds it whether it be
wheat, cotton or corn. Hence the feed-
ing of t'he peas and the increase of the
forage crop starts the increase all around WE STILL V
from the manure pile to the granary or
store houses, and year by year it will go Nice Satsuma oranges on Trifollat,
on in an increasing ra-tio simply because
you feed the crop that feeds the land. stocks, entirely unhurt by cold. Ales
There has been a notion, that ft is nec- Wiltli'es, plums, grapes, etc., including
essary 'to go to a great deal of trouble to
cure peas into hay. The fact is that the famous James Grape. A fe@
there is no hay more easily cured. When ibousan Trifola selling t
sown for hay we would sow very thickly b n riolta seedln yet en
if the land is strong so as to prevent the sold. Prices low. Freight is paid
stems getting too large and sappy. Then
when the first pods turn yellow, mow Summit Nurseries.
the peas and after they have wilted dur- Monticello. Fla.
ing 'the day, rake them into windows
over the next day. The next day if you
can t;'ke a bunch of the hay and give ft
a hard twist and can see no sap run to A, A rtittio
the twist, put t'he hay away under shel-
ter. A close barn is best but it will cure
well anywhere under shelter or oven in
a stark if the stack is capped by straw or M O N U
grass that will shed the rain. The wifted
vines will heat after storing, and if you XCUTID I........
go to opening them to cool them off you
will certainly make mouldy hay, but if IRt LATEBT DEI8OUN OF
let strictly alone ,they will cure tinto beau-
tiful hay. Some 'have failed in the cur- I
ing but hundreds have succeeded. My
own horses have been feeding al winter
on bright green colored pea hay made in a d_ -l T'
This way, and have kept in fne order. I Al e
Where the hay is very heavy.it will -
have to be left out a little longer than
where light, but get it in while the leaves ror Fnalri - -
are still limp or you may lose the best
part of the hay. For cemetery and lawn enclosure
W. F. Ma eay.
Raleigh. N. C. All work guaratseed. Prices resaona o e.
Correspond with :: :: ::
To build a barbed wire fence, you GrEO. R. NICHOLB & CO.
tr-ed the Fence Builder advertised in Harrison Street.
this paper by V. Schmelz, Sylvan 4 a s P 4O 0A
Lake, Florida. You save the cost of
it in one day's use. For unreeling wire
witlhoit carrying thl spool and stretch- A irOLECAST-
ing, and for reeling wire quickly and "The indications are," remarked the
easily. One man does the work of four man who was looking at the sky with
by the old method. It will last a life- an expression of great wisdom, "that It
time. It stretches wire beyond the will be cold -nd raw."
last post and pushes the post against The man who has trouble with the ser-
brace. Adjustable to any position, nt girl problem meekly inquired:
Weight only 30 pounds. Send for cir- "Whidh are you talking about, weather
cular. or dinner?"-Washington Star.








I3 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


A GRUAT Pk SkA'.

Depredations of the Black Grasshop-
per Increasing.
The black grasshopper is the pupa of
the large variegater grasshopper whik-h
are beginning to attract attention be-
cause of their depredations upon flow-
ering plants and many varieties of fruit
trees. This season they have become
so numerous as to give employment to
some of our citizens in early morning
and evening, in gathering and destroy-
Ing them, else the result would be the
loss of many plants. 2o numerous
have these insects become that they
are now attacking orange trees, strip-
qing the leaves and young growth to
such an extent that it is beginning to
be considered a serious matter, and
well worth while looking Into, as the
future may develop a pest which would
be difficult to handle.
The black grasshopper is a cunning
rascal, hiding behind a leaf or twig on
the opposite side to your approach, or
seeking the dark recesses of thie in-
terior of the tree to escape your vigil-
ance. They can lie captured in no
other way than by hand, and in search-
ink for them it will be found that the
thorns on an orange tree are an ob-
stacle to you highly appreciated by the
hopper. When a man can gather a
water pall of "these insects from an
acre and a half of orange trees, which
was accomplished by an orange grower
one morning last week in tlis vicinity,
it behooves him and his neighbors to
begin their destruction on thlwi while
the opportunity exists.
The voracity of the full grown large
grasshopper, from about the first of
June on through the summer is some-
thing wonderful. We darm not say
how many mere shreds of leaves we
have counted on one small orange tree,
which the day previous had not yet
been attacked, the result of the grass-
hopper Invasion. The adult hopper
grows to such enormous proportions
that they have been taken North by
tourists to be exhibited as curiosities
in the ilaect line. and that they are
likely to get the upper hand of us in
numbers is now quite apparent, unless
the small black hoppers are caught in
the early part of the season and de-
stroyed, and In fact the fight against
them must be constant through the
season.-Eustis Lake Region.

Sherut. Kagan's Trucx Farm.
On Friday afternoon ye localist,
upon the invitation of Sheriff Hagan,
bestrode his swift Racycce and betook
himself to the latter's truck, farm at
Saubl, some three miles north of the
city.
The pencil-shover found genial John
"at home,"and accompanied by several
fine blooded canines, made the round
of the farmer-sheriff's broad, well-tilled
acres.
First and foremost Farmer John has
the likeliest and one of the largest
patches of corn we have seen In A. D.
1900, also the most luxuriant and pre-
tentious fields of watermelons and can-
taloupes we have had the pleasure of
training our optics on this season.
He has about fifteen acres of land
under cultivation, devoted to every
fruit and vegetable imaginable. His
daily bill of fare comprises Irish po-
tatoes, sweet potatoes, garden peas,
onions, abbage,lettce, t squash, cu-
cumbers, beans and strawberries ga-
lore. No wonder he is happy and con-
tented.
Friend John also has a field of sugar
cane growing exuberantly, and expects
to make many stalks as he and his
friends can chew, this being his initial
attempt at its culture.
Not only Is Mr. Hagan a practical
and successful tiller of the soil, but he
is A-1 as a stock raiser. He has
chickens, ducks, geeze, turkeys, guin-
eas, pigeons, hogs, .goats, cattle and
horses, all thrifty, and fat. In fact, he
is surrounded by everything that
makes home pleasant and attractive.
At 5:30 the qullllst mounted his si-
lent steed, after bidding good-bye to
his big-hearted host, and arrived in the
city in the gloaming.-Palatka Adver-
tiser.

Crab. Tas for Bay.
One of the most cousplelous errors


of Southern agriculture is the practice been delivered in the Capitol building
of' pulling eorn leaves for fodder, and Within the past four months, praying
neglecting the crab grass spontaneous- for the success of Lacey's bill.
ly after the corn is "laid-by." The And the people's representatives
lt-aives are an expensive feed when have responded nobly. The millinery
the error of pulling is considered, and interests made a desperate fight
the weight harvested per acre is much against the measure, but we have won
below that of hay, which might be se- a glorious victory over them, and the On Je-lles
cured if properly managed. The pull- result will soon be seen in a rapid
ing of the corn leaves, It has been dem- increase of birds and game animals *r Ssmdl nickles, spred
onstrated by several Southern experi- throughout the whole country. a th coating of reined
ment stations, damages the grain in the fro more shipping prairie chickens PA A F I
ear fully as much as the fodder is York, Minnesota to Chicago or New
worth, if not mor True, it i not ork, labeled "poultry." No more
worth if not morp. Truo it in not so "t'lhipping of venison rm Wisolllin or W
easy to cut crab grass among the stand- Michigan to Chicago or New York, ia-
ing corn salks as it is to pull eraves. beled "veal" or "mutton;" no more W AlXkp, i
but with the land left free of ridges shipping of quails from Kansas. Texas, &ad .. p, waxal f t 1.
under the system of flat culture, a Oklahoma or the Indian Territory to jde-.Soiother ahe om.
mowing machine may be driven Chicago, New York, Boston, or Phil- Sold everlrhOi
through, cutting corn stalks and all. adelphia, labeled "eggs," or anything STABARD OIL 00.
But the best plan for securing hay is else.
to harrow the land smooth after the No more shipping of bird skins from
spring vegetable crop is harvested (this Florida, Alabama, Louisiana or any
might also be done on corn laud) al- other State to New York or elsewhere,
low it to grow up in crab grass and labeled anything else than what they
harvest it once or twice. Everywhere really are.
you will fin this crab grass. A No more contracting for 20,000 birds --
general yield is one ton per acre, but to be slaughtered in Maryland. to be effect of the laws of such State or Ter-
with fertilizers, it is doubled and treb- shipped to New York; no more slaught- ritory, enacted in the exercise of its
led. This spring I had a field in straw- ring of sea gulls on the New England police powers, to the same extent and
berries, but could not renew it for want coast or elsewhere, in violation of the in the same manner as though such an-
of labor; the leaf stems stood about laws of any State, and shipping them imals or birds had been produced in
four inches high with the leaves small; to millinery bird hogs in Sew York, such State or Territory, and shall not
I plowed between the rows and selec- no matter how labeled, be exempt therefrom by reason of be-
ted a threatening day for rain, and un- Here are the provisions of the bill: ing Introduced therein in original pack-
der and over the leaves I applied by The first section enlarges the duties ages or otherwise." The passage of
hand. 1.000 pounds cottonseed meal and powers of the Agricultural Depart- the bill means a gain of hun-
and 250 pounds sulphate or potash per ment to include the preservation, disg dreds of millions of dollars to the
anre. It rined lfore we got through tribution, Introduction and restoration agricultural Interests of this country
ut we finished the sowing in the rain' of game birds and other wild birds. within the next 20 years; and the far-
Result, we had an extra fine cr of The Secretary of Agriculture is an- mere will be proportionately Indebted,
ult, we had an extra fine rop thorized to purchase such game and first, to the Ion. John P. Lacey for his
fruit. other wild birds, or their eggs, as may heroic work; and second to this League
In July I cut from this place crab be required therefore, to propagate and for having made known to the Sena-
grass, two tons of dried hay to the acre, distribute them over depleted areas tcrs and Representatives the will of
and the latter part of September, one where it may be possible for such birds the people at large and of the farm-
and a half tons to the acre. We finish- to exist and thrive. For instance, ing interests concerning this bill.
ed gathering our egg plants August prairie chickens may be imported from And now, Mr. editor, may I add that
10th, the first we gathered June 9th. Nebraska and liberated in the Shenan- It Is the duty of every farmer, and, in
Egg plants being gross feeders, I ap- doah valley in Virginia, where, it is fact, of every man In the United States,
plied to these 1,500 pounds cottonseed believed, they would prosper. The de- no matter what his occupation, who
meal, and 250 pounds dissolved bone, apartment would, in all such cases, pre- Is a friend of the birds, or who is in-
also 250 pounded sulphate of potash, ecribv rule prohibiting killing of such terested in any way in the preservation
this fertilizer being applied at several birds from five to ten years, and the or game, or in the study or nature, to
different times. From this land, with mere fact that the birds belong to Un- join this League. Its office is at 23
the trampling, pulling up of dead cle Sam would inspire every man and West 24th street. New York.
plants, etc., I cut three and a half tons boy with a wholesome respect for G. 0. Shields,
of hay to the acre. Fertilizers did it. them. It is a well-known fact that President League of American Sports-
Had a large lot of different varieties where game birds are liberated by men.
of pepper plants, fertilized same as egg wealthy clubs many farmers' boys take anger n Gr or
plants, but had to keep them clear by a fiendish delight in killing them off, Snger in Green Sorgheum
Sciencebut not so withthe stmp. She can't
cultivator and hoe. Not one spear of Government wards. fnd out why greea sorghum should be
crab grass came to hay, but I had the The second section of the Lacey bill so quickly fatal to cattle, says an ex-
same amount of Mexican clover, show- prohibits the importation into the Unit- ne. orgha m rapidly is coming
ing that it must not be disturbed from Staeo an wld nma into favor as a forage crop. Owing to
its tirst growth. A field cured without d States of any foreign wild animal the large yields obtainable and to its
its first growth. A field cured without or brds, except under special permit high feeling value, stockmen are begin-
rain makes a fine bright, clean, green from the Department of Agriculture. high feeling vlue, stocmen are begin-
hay when baled, but If it gets one Special prohibition Is laid .upon the er and roughage. But fatalities ino
shower of rain, it is blackened. If mongoose, the flying foxes, the star- herds pstured on the growing cane
over-sweated In tramp cock or mow, ling, and other wild birds known to are frequently reported. With then-
it will blacken. The rain does not les- be injurious to agriculture and horti- creased use of this crop for forage
sen its feeding qualities, as cattle and culture. If we had had such a law there has followed an Increase in the
horses eat t just as well as when per- as this 30 years ago the English spar- number of fatal cases. Cases are re-
fectly green, but when in this state it row would not to-day have been such corded of cattle dying within ive min-
spoils its market value, more or less, a public nuisance to othe whole country, utes after entering a sorghum pasture.
according to the color. When put in The third section of the Lacey bill Th true reason for this fatal effect is
in ten ton lots, it will ferment more or prohibits any common carrier- from not known, but many stockmen believe
less, even when perfectly dry, but transporting from one State or Terri- it may be found in the presence on the
when sweated in tramp cocks, the best tory to another the dead bodies r leaves of the cane of poisonous fungi.
plan is to bale t at once. J. parts thereof of any wild animals or One Nebraska farmer was driving his
plan Is to bale It at once. J.P. birds killed in violation of the laws of cow across a small strip of cane, ani
The lcey Bird Bill. the State or Territory in which the before the animal had gone more than
For the Florida Agriculturiat. same were killed. a few rods she dropped and in a few
The most Important measure ever Section 4 provides that "all pack- minutes she was dead. Another cow
Introduced in Congress in the interest ages containing such dead animals, that was killed by green sorghum had
of game and bird protection passed the birds or parts thereof, when shipped eaten only one stalk, apparently, and
Senate unanimously on the 18th inst by Interstate commerce, as provided by that was still in her throat. The Ne-
It has previously passed the House section one of this act, shall be plainly braska Agricultural Experiment Sta-
with only 23 negative votes. I refer and clearly marked, so that the name tion has analyzed stalks of green sor-
to what is o s known the Lacey bird and address of the shipper and the na- ghum that, being partly eaten by cattle,
bill. This was Introduced In the ture of the contents may be readily as- had killed them. It found none of the
House by the Hon. John F. Lacey, of certained on inspection of the outside common known vegetable poisons ex-
lowa;. early In the session, and he has of such packages." cepting a small quantity of oxalic acid
worked like a Trojan for it ever since. Heavy penalties are provided for vio- that could not be fatal.-Picayune.
This League has also done stalwart nation of either of these provisions. IE
work in the Interest of the measure. Section 5 is especially important as At no time is man secure from at-
Our 3,000 members, distributed regular the trin the tr n foreign game, tacks of such disorders of the stomach
throughout the entire oUnited States, which is now being carried on in New as cholera morbus. cramps and diar-
have written and cause to be written York and other large cities, and which rhoea; but these complaints are com-
thousands of letters to the members enables any unscrupulous game dealer, mon during the heated term, when it
of the House and Senate, imploring or hoter, or restaurant man, to main- is dangerous to neglect them. Pain-
them to support this bill. Furthermore tain a fence for the handling and sale Killer is a remedy that has never
our members have caused thousands of American game, killed or had in failed and the severest attacks have
of business men and farmers to write possession In violation of local laws. been cured by it. Avoid substitutes,
similar letters. It is safe to say that Section 5 further provides, "That all there is but one Pain-Killer, Perry Da-
no measure Introduced in Congress in dead bodies or parts thereof of any vis'. Price 25c and 50c. 9
the last 10 years has created so much wild game animals, or game or song TRUE T LIE.
popular Interest all over the country, birds, transported into any State or Mr. Bl -I've ust been reading
or has caused so great a flood of peti- Territory, or remaining therein for use, Sea of Troubles." How true to life It is.
tlons from the people as the Lacey bill consumption, sale or storage therein, Mr. Blazzay-Do you think so? Whny I
has. It is entirely conservative to es- shall upon arrival in such State or Ter- looked into it an thought it dull. There
timate more than 10,000 letters have ritory be subject to the operation and n plot rte o idet and les -B nte .
timte oretha 10000leters"Yes; so ~true ~to 5Ie."-Broaaa EM.,








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FMJWAL DRPAMT39UWT.


Address all communications to the
editor, W. C. Steele, Switzerland, Fla.

Bapid Germination.
On May It we put seed of Japanese
Morning Glory to soak, pouring scald-
ing hot water, not quite boiling, over
them, and leaving them to soak. The
next day most of them were vci,
much swollen, some even began to
show sprouts from one-eighth to one-
fourth of an inch long. All the swollen
seed were planted in the afternoon of
May 17. At 5 o'clock a. m., May 19,
most of them were up.
In scalding morning glory or Ipom-
oea seed be careful not to use too large
a dish. Do not put over a pint of hot
water on one lot of seed, or it may
keep up the heat too long and injure
the seeds. Canna seed should have
boiling water poured over them and be
left to cool and stand from 21 to 36
hours. They will then come up in from
a week or ten days, but if sown dry
they will lie weeks, often months be-
tore they start.

Variegated Leaved Plants.
Nearly every lover of plants has
some hobby, some variety or family of
flowers that is a favorite. Probably
our own is Cacti. But next to that
family of plants, we admire those withT
variegated or otherwise ornamental
foliage. There are very few plants
that, like Impatiens Sultani, can be
kept in bloom 365 days in the year.
Most plants when not in bloom, have
little to recommend them except the
promise of future bloom.
On the other hand a plant with hand-
some leaves like Cissus discolor, Phry-
nium variegatum, or the fancy -leaved
Caladiums are always beautiful though
they may not bloom at all. The list
of such plants is very much larger than
most plant growers are aware.
Times are hard in Florida, and we
have little to spend for plants, and
have just made a beginning, yet our
list of plants with variegated or colored
foliage already numbers over ?0 varie-
ties, not including Coleus or foliage
Begonias.

Arranging a Front Yard.
Possibly some of our readers may
be just starting on a new place. If so
the following hints from Park's Floral
Magazine may be useful:
"When the plot is small and rather
narrow it is as well to have the walk
at the side, or in the middle, and have
the flowers and shrubs along the bor-
der, next to the fencing. This will pre-
vent cutting up the grounds, and allow
of a handsome green space which al-
ways adds to the beauty of a place by
contrast. Some groups of tall plants,
as Castor Beans, Cannas, etc., may be
used where their presence will not seri-
ously obstruct the view. If you wish
to make a curve in the walk place some
shrubbery of a flower bed with rather
large plants at each side, to give the
turn a natural appearance. When the
yard is large it is well to curve the
walks, but not enough to make them
burdensome to follow. Groups of
large foliage plants, as Bamboo, Japa-
nese Maize, and other grasses, with
such plants as Amaranthus caudatus,
Ricinus, Caladiums, etc., can be used
to advantage, and beds of shrubbery
which include rows of shrubs of one
kind, as double Flowering Almond,
Spirea Van Houtte, Weigela, floribun-
da, etc., can be used.
Along with the shrubs, to sup-
ply flowers during the summer, and
autumn, may be set Cosmos, Sunflow-
ers, Paeonies and other tall flowering
plants. Don't set your yard full of
trees promiscuously. Lay your grounds
out intelligently and group shrubs to-
gether, perennials together, or inter-
persed with the nhriibS, annual a"l
bedding plants together, and leave as
much ground unbroken for a green
lawn as you can."

The Testing of Seeds.
The following written for Viek's
Magazine, by Prof. L. H. Bailey, will


throw light on many failures of seeds
bought from reputable seedsmen:
"Much is said about the testing of
seeds, and much needs to be said; but
the brower needs to bear in mind the
fact that the ordinary testing of seeds
may not show what the value of the
seed is to him. Seed are tested for two
purposes: First to show what the pur-
ity and vitality of the sample is; and
second, to show whether the seeds are
true to name or not. The latter test
can be made ordinarily only by grow-
ing the crop to maturity, and in this di-
rection the grower must depend almost
entirely upon the word of the seeds-
man with whom he deals.
Germination is not completed until
the young plant is able to support it-
self by its own root-hold on the ground.
A seed may be able to sprout, yet be
so weak as to be valueless for plant-
ing in the soil. A seed which may even
germinate in the soil in a greenhouse,
may still be so weak that if the plant-
let were subject to the untoward con-
ditions of the garden, it might perish.
It is apparent therefore, that any sam-
ple of seel may give very different per-
contages of germination, depending up-
on the method of making test. If the
test were made in a machine which,
like the incubator, has a very uniform
temperature, and the seeds were count-
ed and thrown away as soon as sprouts
appeared, the percentage of germina-
tion would probably be very high. It
the same seeds were sown in carefully
prepared soil in a garden flat and
placed in the greenhouse the probabil-
ity is that a somewhat lower percent-
age would be apparent. If the seeds
were planted in an ordinary green-
house bed and were-to receive the or-
dinary watering which going plants
receive, a still smaller percentage of
germination might appear. If the same
seeds were planted in the open ground.
the percentages would likely be still
smaller.
What now is the fair germination
test for seeds? It is apparent that the
sceedmlen or seed tester cannot imitate
the varying conditions of a garden. He
does not know what kind of a garden
the buyer has; therefore, he must give
all the seeds a uniform condition and
one which will show how many seeds
will sprout under the most favorable
conditions. What he must do is to
show the greatest possibility of the
sample, but what the sample may ne-
cessarily be expected to do under gen-
eral garden conditions. I often hear
seed buyers express disappointment
that their seeds do not produce as
many plants as the germination tests
led them to expect. The difficulty was
no doubt, that the germination test was
made under the most ideal conditions,
whereas the planting was made under
normal outdoor conditions. It would
seem that if one desires to know what
any batch of seed is capable of doing,
he should make a test for himself,
choosing fifty or one hundred seeds
from the sample and planting them
early enough to determine the germin-
ation vitality before it is necessary to
make the regular planting. This ger-
mination test would better be made,
I think, in well prepared soil, in a shal-
low box or pan in the greenhouse, hot-
bed. or in the living room. The ger-
mination tests which are made by
seedsmen and others are of the great-
est value in showing the vitality, vigor,
and the possibilities of any sample of
seed, but people should understand
that these tests are no guarantee of
what the seed will produce under ac-
tual and varying conditions."

Rose Growing in Florida.
The following from How to Grow
Flowers, explains itself and needs no
comment:
"Perhaps the heading to my article
may be too ambitious, as I am only
able to nnprD with anything like as-
thority as it concerns the locality in
which I live. My home is at Federal
Point, St. Johns river, a few miles
north of Palatl:p We have a family
heavy soil-sand underlaid with clay,
and it seems specially adapted to
Roses. We have visitors here from all
parts of the country and they one and


all admit that they never saw finer
Roses than we have. We have not
done much with them so far, but are
now preparing to go into the matter
more extensively. Until the last year
or two we simply got a few plants now
and again, so as to have Roses for our
own pleasure and to show our visitors,
but we find that they will sell quite
readily, and since we have been frozen
out so often and had our main source
of income (the orange) taken from us,
we are glad to be able to make some-
thing in any honest way. It is only
where the land is heavy that the Rose
will do in this climate, on account of
the heat in the summer. There is land
at this place even where it is sandy,'
with no clay below, and Roses will not
grow there. It is not every kind that
will do here, even where the soil suits,
and some of the kinds marked vig-
orous in the catalogues are sorry grow-
ers here. But the kinds that do well
here outgrow anything in that line that
I ever saw. We have two bushes of
the Agrippina, grown from cuttings
from plants we got from the Dingee
& Conard Company some years ago.
These two bushes were planted near
together, and have grown up into a
solid mass, covering a space of over
fifteen feet square, and they are from
eight to ten feet high, and when in full
bloom they are a most magnificent
sight. In fact, the Agrippina grows so
rank and blooms so plentifully that we
rather look down upon it and are sur-
prised when strangers admire it.
The red Roses, generally speaking,
do well here. also the pink, although
Meteor and La France, on their own
roots, have not been a success so far.
Of course, one can graft such Roses
and make them do better. The Cathe-
rine Mermet strain of Roses does well
here. We have been very successful
with Bridesmaid, of which we have a
good many fine bushes. We have a
number of fine Roses, the names of
which we have forgotten, not having
taken as much interest in the matter
as we are doing now. We have been
unfortunate with the Marechal Niel,
having gotten a number of plants at
different times, and so far we have
failed. We thought we had gotten one
some time ago. It grew quite rampant
and we felt elated, but when it began
to bloom it turned out to be a Gloire de
Dijon. This is a good Rose, but it is
not what we looked for. We got said
plant from a neighbor. However, we
intend to have the Marechal sooner or
later. Moss Roses will not do here,
or would not for us. They blighted
so, we had to drop them.-George Wil-
kinson."


A WORD TO WOMEN.
Any sick woman is invited to consult
by letter with Dr. R. V. Pierce, chief
consulting physician of the Invalids'
Hotel and Surgical Institute, Buffalo,
N. Y. In an active practice of more
than thirty years assisted by a staff of
nearly a score of associate physicians,
Dr. Pierce has treated and cured over
half a million women. All diseases pe-
culiar to women are treated with suc-
cess. The consultation by letter is ab-
solutely free. Every letter is treated
as strictly private and sacredly confi-
dential. Answers are mailed promptly
giving the best of medical advice. All
answers are sent in plain envelopes
bearing on them no printing of any
kind. Write without fee to Dr. R. V.
Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.

Decrease in Banana Exportations.
A dispatch fom Jamaica says: "Of-
ficial statistics just published, show
that the export of bananas has shrunk
considerably. For the four weeks end-
ed April 28, 1900, 566,993 bunches of
bananas were shipped to the United
States. as against 963,441 bunches for
the corresponding period last year.
This, as well as seen, is a serious drop,
and the planters have felt it. The fol-
~nu-ing fiuroe show the amount of ba-
nanas and oranges shipped during the
four weeks ended April 28, 1900, to the
unitedd States and the United King-
doma: Bananas. bunches 566,993; 52:
oranges. 9)2.400; nil.
"In the rush for the banana trade
British Guiana intends taking a hand.
Some of the finest banana lands in the


world are to be found in British Guiana
and as fine bananas can be grown there
as anywhere else. There is a move-
ment now on foot that the government
of the colony should raise a loan, buy
steamers of a capacity of twenty thous-
and or thirty thousand bunches and of
a guaranteed speed of fifteen knots.
Such steamers would make the trip
to America in five, or at the most, six
days, landing the fruit in excellent con-
dition. The Gulanese have taken the
matter up warmly, and as they have
Jamaica before them as an object les-
son they may soon put things in prac-
tical shape."


HOW TO TAKE COD LIVER OIL.
Nearly every one knows that when
they are thin there is no remedy in the
world equal to cod liver oil to make
them fleshy. Yet there is nothing
against which they rebel more prompt-
ly. There were a great many ways re.
commended for making cod liver oil
pleasant..Among these we would men-
tion placing a pinch of salt in the
mouth before and after taking the dose
of oil. Syrup of bitter orange peel was
also recommended. But now all thi is
unnecessary. Science has found a way
of making cod liver oil not only pl.as-
ant to take. but easy to digest. Messrs.
scott & owner hare brought thin ar-i
ence to perfection in their Scott's
Emulsion, which is cod liver oil free
from disagreeable odor. and taste, and
already partly digested.

Cattle feeding is one of the develop-
ing industries of Florida.









0eo THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLORIDh GIILTOIIST.

Entered at the postofice at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.

E. O. PAINTER & CO..
Publishers and Proprietors.

Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
itccats of Bas pspis.

Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.

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scpe of this paper arc solicited.
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script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
Rlust be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous cun-
tribution will be regarded.

Money should be sent by Draft, Postoflice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
po sible in case of loss. When personal
checks are used exchange must be added.
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To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper must be received by 10 o'clock
hMonday morning of each wcc
Subscribers when writing to have the ad-
dress of their paper changed MUST give the
old as well as the new address.

We now have an office in Jacksonville,
Room 4, Robinson Block, Viaduct, where Mr.
'ainter will be please to se* 7n of our sub-
scribers. Any time e can be of service m
Jacksonville, drop us a line to above address.

WEDNESDAY, JUNE 6, 1900.

The a ag industry.
On the verge of the fruit movement
to Northern markets much interest is
being manifested in the South in the
establishment of canning factories. The
success of those already established in
saving surplus fruit to become a prof-
itable article of trade, has led to plans
for additions to this industry. This is
but one of the many manifestations
hero and there of the tendency in the
South to diversification of industries,
keeping pace with diversification of
crops. An example of the opportunities
opening for such diversification is giv-
en in a letter from Jackson, Miss., in
this weeK u Manufacturers' tecold. IT
says:
"Several years ago an enterprising
gentleman from Illinois, J. G. Toole by
name, came to Jackson prospecting. He
started a wagon factory in a modest
way, and soon had an opportunity to
dispose of it, which he did. Then, to
the great surprise of all, ha bought a
tract of poor land north of the city,
some sixty or seventy acres. It had
S, ,it cultivated until there was very
little left In the soil capaule oe support-
ing a crop. Mr. Toole at once erected
Some inexpensive buildings, and then
prepared his land and put in a crop of
broom corn, which was a decided nov-
elty in this section. In the fall he got
some machinery, mad, harvesting his
corn, began to turn out in small lots
a very good, durable quality of brooms.
He found a ready sale for all he could
make. He exhausted his supply of
home-grown corn, an1 was compelled
to buy in Ills. and Indiana. Last year
he largely increased his acreage of
broom corn, increased his capacities,
and still could not supply the demand
for his brooms. Again he had to go in-,
to Northern markets, and pay $90 a ton
for the brush. This year he has gotten
more land, and in addition has made
ontlaets with a numble or farmers in
the vicinity, so he will be independent
of the supply market, and says that he
lhas almost tie entire output of his fac-
tory for this year contracted for."


Cultivating Dry Boils. the purpose, do not supply these and
Where tillage is practiced after the no soil is a fertile soil without them.
crops are up, cultivation has for Its ob- But to grow even the legumes for the
ject the development of plant food as mere purpose of plowing them under
well as the killing of weeds, the saving is a wasteful practice on medium good
of soil moisture and maintaining the soils. The reason is that the legumes
riligt msil terXtu. To s.cur thegt: iteyp s hiathli ~! !t vlu and terr
ends, says F. H. King in Rural New they have been fed to animals the ma-
Yorker, early cultivation can to advan- burial value Is almost as great in the
tage be deeper and more frequent than manure made, if it be properly saved,
later cultivation. When it ceases to be as. that from the crop before feeding it.
desirable to cultivate for the purpose The thing to do. then, on soils of me-
of aerating the soil, and the main ob- diuli fertility or better, is to feed the
e! !i to wi s ana onserv.e T eoi cron. save the manure carefully, and
moisture, It is then desirable to culti- Ih RIipply it to tne lan, o, or, in othie
vate as often as is necessary to main- words, extract from the crop both its
tain a good mulch. While the soil is feeding and Its manurial value.-Live
wet the cultivation should be more Stock Indicator.
frequent, usually as often as once in
seven to ten days. After the soil be-
comss quite dry. as happens in period Bhippina g grapes aand s'9t-
of drought, then the cultivation may A. DeFuniak Springs correspondent
not be necessary oftener than once In of the TinmeU.-Union and Citizen writes:
two weeks, but Judgment must be ex- The time is close at hand for ship-
ercised in this as in all other matters, ping these fruits, and often a profit or
If the deeper soil just l elow the mulch loss depends on the manner in which
is still quite damp the tendency is for the shipping is done. Grapes should
the moisture to creep up into the mulch be picked after the dew is off the vines.
and reconvert il into comparatively rthe picker should cut the stem with a
firm soil, and leave the mulch too shal- sharp knife, holding it with the onler
low; when the mulch comes to be hand, and carefully place the bunch in
much less than two inches deep; that the picking box. stem upward, not fill-
is, when the soil becomes damp at a ing the Dox full. The grapes should
distance of two inclies below the our- not be exporeN to the light or h1at of
face, there will usually be enough loss the sun. IbP should be carried as soon
of moisture through the upper mulch and carefully as possible to the pack-
to make it worth while to cultivate ing room, and there stacked up in such
again, but if the dry soil has a depth a manner as to give complete ventila-
of two to three inches there is little tion. Let t.lem remain there at least
to be gained In stirring the soil if the twelve hours. Then it will be found
mulch is already light and loose, that the stems are wilted and flexible,
Of course whenever a rain comes' and the buuches can be handled softly
during the season of cultivation, which without breaking the skin of the ber-
wets through the whole mulch, it is ries at the intersection with the stem.
very important to cultivate as soon af- Ship grapes In the Star spring crate.
ter such rains as possible, because if Send all gr';:l's aid peaches by all rail
this is not done the wet mulch will express, never by Atlantic Coast Dis-
hasten the oapllnary reie if water frb m patch. much less by frelht. For short
deep in the ground, and bring about a distances, say a hundred miles, or less,
loss of not only rain which has fallen, the freight train may possibly answer:
but a considerable portion of the deep- but it makes a careful fruit-grower
er soil moisture. Late in the season, positively shiver to think of sending
especially with corn and potatoes, it Florida's soft rich fruits by anything
is questionable whether cultivation else than the fastest express. It is very
will not do more harm than good, even expensive, but it is absolutely neces-
though the mulch has become fairly sary to success; and if the fruit is fine
firm. It is the habit of most crops on and nicely packed it will make money
which Intertillage is practiced to throw enough to pay the difference in expense
up in July roots very close to the sur- and a good deal more.
face, evidently for the purpose of tak- Stage of Ripeness.-It Is difficult to
ing advantage of the plant food which instruct an inexperienced grower on
capilllary and rapill evaporation tonds paper as to the matter; even Mr. Taber
to concentrate at the surface, and also hesitates to do It. His suggestion is a
to take advantage of the lighter rains, good one; watch your vines or trees
which, after the soil becomes Bry, sel- closely; pick a cluster or a peach when
dom penetrates deeper than two to you think it is about right and keep it
three inches. It will be readily under- three days to see how It ripens up. It
stood that after the soil has become shipping by express-and I earnestly
occupied close to the surface with these counsel my readers not to think of do-
fine feeders, cultivation at such a time ing any other way-you may allow the
would not only hasten the loss of wa- fruit to attain its full size and color,
ter that In only located in the surface nut not to become tie least bit soft
two or three inches, but it would de- In any place. Early in the season the
stroy the roots which are there to util- besetting sin of most growers is to
ize that water as soon as it falls, anid pick too green. The Florida peach, un-
with it to take up the nitrates and oth- less well fertilized on potash and other
er soluble plant foods which have been chemicals, is very apt to be bitter; and
concentrated near the surface, and if picked prematurely it has no chance
which the rains have dissolved. It will to grow out of this bitterness, and it
be seen from this statement that the becomes one of the meanest fruits on
correspondent's judgment as to the the nlarket-a disgrace to the State.
slight gain to be secured from frequent Never pick all the fruit from a tree or
cultivation after the mulch is thorough- a vine at one picking; it will ripen un-
ly dry is essential in accord with sound evenly, and should be gathered at two
principles, or three pickings.
Green Manuring.-The plowing un- The Waldo growers are noted for
der of organic matter of any kind sup-, tneir success in shipping peaches. For
plies humus when it has rotted and im-, their fancy fruit they use generally a
lllrOnCa the nechanlcal texture of omlie halft -po O rate, holding only one layer
soils, but green manuring with non-le- of fruit, and each fruit wrapped. The
guminous plants like rye adds practi- whole is packed In excelsior or pine
call nothing to the soil which was not shavings. When they put in two lay-
ihere before, except the masq of ve- ers they spread a single sheet of paper
getable matter which by decaying between the layers; and the bottom of
forms humus. Still, it ih only in clsp- the crate or tray is padded with eoI00x
tiona:l cases where large masses of slor. This or something similar should
green matter can be plowed under be spread over the fruit to permit the
without injury to the soil. for the time cover to be pressed down tight, for
at least, by souring it, and when a this is absolutely necessary In order to
crop is grown for green manuring it keep the fruit from being shaken about
should be soine leguminous crop like and bruised. But care must be exer-
clover, peas or beans, for they, by rea. cised not to exclude the air from the
son of their ability to draw nitrogen fruit w:thl too much packing material.
from the atmosphere. do actually en-
rich the soil by adding to it nitrogen
supplies that were not there before, A good many people do not keep
and this is probably the cheapest way ibees because they have a notion that
of keeping up the nitrogen supply. bees do not like them. It has been
For renovating worn out or barren IptV ty i-e'l ot-nblished that in the mar-
0oils green manuring Is to lle i- v" el" or Il4k. flmid dislikes everybody is
mended, but the soil should be dressed alitk to IN',s. Some lmen ae Imore
with barn yard manure also, or with adopt at hliinllng them than others
potash and phosphates in some form, but the most successful bee-keeper is
because legumes, good as they are for the one who wears a veil all the time.


Blight.
Blight is the most dreaded of all the
citrus diseases in Florida. When it
w\as first noticed is not definitely
known, but it has been a source of
trouble in the orange groves for a
i'unlhor of vrar- Manny of the Ip-ov-n
in wViilfiftt 611 6 t4c wrk li vleb lai
disappearedd. having been frozen out.
Previous to 1895, t because so prevn-
lent that it threatened totally to de-
stroy the citt;: industry in certain dis-
tricts. and. at the urgent request of the
State IIorticnlrural Society, agents

nl IDepartment. Prof. L. M. rnder-
wood made a trip through the State in
order to find whl; were tile chief ques-
tions to be investigated. In 1891, Dr.
Erwin F. Smith studied the disease f_.
.soine time. and later Professors Web-
ber and Sux luti- wuere statlonedtl iI the
section where blight was prevalent.
Though many of the affected groves
were cut off in the great freeze, still
i' is to be found in the State, blighted
trees having recently been found in
three different localities. Thus far in
no one of them had it caused any se-
rious damage but its further effects
are to be feared, because, so far as
known, it is incurable.
Blighted trees appear as though suf-
fering from drought, or in a manner
:'nilali r o ones i.rcently set out. Tile
leaves wilt, and droop and finally drop
off. In some cases the disease works
very rapidly, in others its progress is
decidedly slow. It often manifests it-
self on .1 single branch and from that
gradually spreads over the whole tree.
Trees affected in this way live for a
considerable length of time. On the
other hand, it may act very rapidly;
for instance, on one tree the disease
commenced in a definite area on one
side of the top and quickly spread both
ways round the head, meeting on the
oplllmiu side. Tlh troti In thig tilge
quickly succumbed. Usually, however,
new shoots are put out, which grow
well for a time, but later yield to the
disease.
Up to this time the cause of blight
remains unknown. It appears among
old brarin trees, whirlh are well enroll
for in every way, and which up to
the time of attack are apparently in
perfect health; therefore, it can not be
signedd to any external cause.
Remledles.-They key to the success-
ful treatment of any plant disorderr is
to know the cause and nature of the
ailment. This has not yet been found.
Furthermore, my observations have
gone to confirm those of others, thaj
the disease is likely to spread from
one tree to another. Trees once af-
fected, rarely, if ever, survive, and the
best treatment is to dig vat ani-burn
the affected ones and place others in
tlir.r sead. This is the most econoll-
it-il plan as well, e'cauts anlected
trees never repay the time and trouble
taken with them.-Florida State Bul-
letin No. 53.

Banking the Trunks of Truit Trees,
Il-lnformed cultivators have but a
faint idea of the reasons why trees
should not be deeply planted. It is not
I'ecause of an injury to the trunks, but
because the feeding roots need the ox-
ygen of the atmosphere in the prepara-
I on of the food just as much as the
leaves do. So far as the trunk is con-
cerned. burying under the earth is a
lcenetir rather th:-n an injury. If it
were possible to have the stems or
I'liili Xl-uitl1l rtlot illOiilMth tlie our
ftact' and the roo:s only a few inches,
the vigor of the tree would lt enhanced
tlereby. But, though this is impos-
.ible, earth on the surface can be
heaped around :l*e trunk to advant-
arPe as long ai we df( not hiury too
igreit root-feeding surface. This was
well exemplified, nearly half a century
ago, by a peach grower, near Cincinna-
ti. named Bolmar. He had earth by
S('vartload heaped around his peach
Irees. His orchard had the appearance
of being covered by miniature hay
stacks. The growth and general health
of the trees were so remarkable, that
the owner was moved to secure a pat-
ent for the idea. The patent would not
hold.-Meechan's Monthly.
The article published in last week's
paper on Fowtllultion and irriglatlon,
was the paper read by M. r. Robinson,
chairman of the committee, before the
State Horticultural Society at its last
meeting. Credit was inadvertently
omitted.








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 3


pfanuut Oltun.
For the Florida Agriculturit.
The peanut culture has all along oc-
cupied a very prominent place in
Southern agriculture, and Justly so, for
it Is one of the most satisfactory crops
the Southern farmer can grow. It is
often used as a catch crop when the
intended crop proved a failure. In
this respect it fills a very valuable po-
sition in that it saves a season crop.
It can be planted the last of all our
ordinary crops and give a good account
of Itself at harvest time. It can be
plantCe iln ta WaS fuw w of tho oomB
crop at the last plowing, and in some
cases gives a better yield than the corn
crop does. In cases of this kind either
as iscatch crop or as a supplementary
crop, care must be exercised that it is
well and properly fertilized to give
profitable results.
Where oats or what had Ib-ri
grown and the stubble well plowed
under, it gives the most satisfaction in
my experience. Something in the
stubble of these grains contains a stim-
ulant for peanuts.
After the land Is weff plowed a suit-
able grade of fertiliezr should be ap-
plied, broadcast and well worked into
the soil. The quality of the ferillizer
used has more to do with the making
and massing of the peanut than any
other crop that I know of. A ferti-
lizer containing more than two per
cent. nitrogen should never be used on
peanuts, because it stimulates too
much vine growth and will yield more
pops than nuts, and the plant being
an air feeder naturally it gets about all
the nitrogen required from the atmos-
phere. The proper analysis of a fer-
tilizer for this crop should be about ten
per cent. potash and eight per cent.
phosphoric acid, from eight hundred to
a thousand pounds per acre of this,
worked into the soil a few weeks be-
fore planting time will give very satis-
factory results. At planting, furrows
should be laid off about three feet
aiart with a small scooter plow and a
PetlP.e of ltuB dropped In this furrow
every eighteen inches or so, and cov-
ered by means of a board in the scoot-
er stock. If the soil sl moist and
warm, a very slight covering Is suffi-
cient for germination, hut If the soil
is dry, even if warm, they don't germi-
nate very readily, therefore in the case
of dry wea her when planting, they
should be covered a little deeper than
Is necessary If weather Is moist. A
great many of our farmers'never plant
this crop mitil near mid-summer when
the conditions are the moot tavornnhl
orp spuety Uormilnalln. Tey # Clai
and truthfully so, that they make a
more satisfactory crop then than by
planting in early May as some recom-
mend doing.
During the earlier stages of the
crop's growth, the ground must be Kept
constantly stirred and all weeds and
grass kept from making any headway.
After the crop gets well under way,
however, it can generally take care of
Itself very well. Four or five work-
ings being all that Is necessary, ev-
erything of course, depending on the
season and amount and frequency of
rains.
In our Gulf country the variety most
in favor of this crop is the Red Span-
ish-; they grow in a very compact
bunch that are early harvested, While
tno oan whnte vaUrtty, even it taey a"
supposed to yield a few more bushels
per acre gets scattered all through the
soil and Is difficult to harvest clean by
hand? Of course, where the crop is
grown for hog feed, the white variety
Is certainly the beet, as the hogs will
find them however much scattered. In
conclusion, I would urge upon all the
farmers of the South to grow as many
peatnuts as possible, for there is more
money in peanuts than there is in eight
cent cotton, a fact which some of your
readers may doubt. but it is a certain
fact all the anme. C H. MoQnarriyo
DeFuAinak Springs, Fla.



CANCER--PILES.
CANCER CURED WITHOUT PAIN.

CURE GUARANTEED.
$1,000 for a case of PUee we can't cure.
Write for free bocks. Address
BEl LEIVIEW SANITARIUM,
Belleview, Fiea


JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail
postpaid for 25c per dozen. Good sized
plants ready now. W. S. PRESTON,
Auburndale, Fla. 15ft
FOR SALE-A few trios of Buff Ply-
i c.h 'Rocks; also eggs from. two
yards, not related. Mrs. F. R. HA8-
lT.NS, Mannville, Fla. 7-26
LAND TO RENT-In South Florida for
what it will produce over $300 pr. acre.
Party must have some money. I. M.
DE PEW, Palmasola, Fla. 20x32
FOR SALE-Selected seed velvet beans
at $1 per single bushel. Reduction on
larger amounts on cars at Candler. W.
H. DE IONG, Candler, Fla.
LODGE, Plain or Society Shield. Silver
Key Checks with your name only 10c.;
with address 23c. K. RING, 1003 G
street, N. W., WaVstington, D. C. 23x2
EGGS FOR HATCHING reduced to 0Sc
per dozen, Jamaica sorrel plants 10c per
dozen. citron melon seed 2 oz. 10c. AL-
BERT FRIES, St. Niclholas, Fla. 23xa2
FOR SALE-A few thousand Carney Par-
son Brown Orange, Marsh Seedless and
Walters Grape Fruit Eye Buds. $5 per
thousand. E. L. OARNEY, Lake Weir,
Fla. 2
ROSSELLE makes splendid sauce, jelly,
pies, pickles, wine, shrub, etc.; 2 dozen
plants mailed for 25c; large, 20c dozen.
Seeds 25c oz: 10c package. E. THOMP-
SON, Avon Park, Fla.
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES, Fruitland
Park. Lake county, Fla., offers for July
planting 25 varieties of 2 and 3 year
citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address C. W. FOX, Prop. 13tf.
FOR SALE-$100 cash. Eight acres of
high pine land near DeLand Junction;
5 acres cleared, three acres of which are
in grove, the balance of the tract is in
timber. Small hou -I and 21! .n S
tagol-: AuttrES" T. X_. 1.t. eAg"AuYnul-
tur:st, DeLand, Fla. Sty
WE HAVE complete list American man-
ufacturers. Can buy for you at lowest
Prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
giner- hoiler-. incubators, windmills, or
anything wanted. Correspondence so-
licited. AMERIOAN TRADES AGENCY
Jacksonville, Fla. 6tt
THE U. S. LIVE STOCK REMEDY has
proved most efficient in preventing and
curing Hog and Chicken Cholera and
kindred diseases. It is also a fine con-
di'ion powder. Sales are increasing. If
your dr dealer don't keep it we will mail
it to you on receipt of price 25c per !,
lb. Liberal discount to dealers. ISAAC
MORGAN, Agent, Kissimmee, Fla. 12tf
OUR VELVET BEAN HULLER is in op-
eration. Arrangements are perfected
for doing your work promptly; our ca-
pacity 1bing tw-,ty buvhel. "n h rt
i ne your leans in early, ana we will
store them for you free of charge. Our
charge for hulling is but 15c a bushel
for the beans after they are hulled, 60
pounds to the bushel. E. 0. PAINTER
S& CO., ieLand. Fla Otf.


YOU
Do KEEP BEES?
No matter-my 64-page Bee Book
Tells JTc)w-
It will inte est and please you. I know it
wi I It's free. ritte today-the honey sea-
a tri, aeslIRa J. R. JSBEIEuS. Alabjma 12-4

SThe Practical
AND SIMPLE
BARBED WIRE
yease an .
PRiCEIl a.eo.
V. SCHMELZ,
SvlvanLake, Fla
"Certificate Am. Inst. Fair."


TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady, cured of her deafness and
noises In the head by Dr. Nicholson's
Artifiial Bar Prume, save 119,099 to til
Institute, so that deaf people unable to
procure 'the Ear Drums may 'have them
free. Address 1221c. The Nicholson In-
stitute, 780 Eighth Avenue, New York.


CHEAP COLUMN
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. Mann, Man-
ville, Fna. 10x18-1900
ORu SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
Grapefruit Trees 4,00 budded. Box 271,
Orlando, Fla.. 49tf
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers ol
Frtit and Fresdisli Cmmiesiva Marshluan
ij) East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Flai
ttt.


CATALOG FREE.
Correspondence Solicited.


POMONA NURSERIES
and Excbsior Feed &ad Poultrr
Farms.


THE GRIFFIN BROTHERS COMPANY,
Jacksonville, Florida.


Farmers' Attention I

SPECIAL.
SPRING
GOODS

Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
1I-:Il RGIA STOCKS.
SPR YING OUTFITS.
and pvervthing in Grovie and I arm Implements and Supplies

Poultry Nettilg isw Columbia Bicycles
CiiA It r t olif iTOVYlN.
CARR 1IA PAINT. I' -I'll BOIEI.iRaN &MtLPU)PlI
I 1 ll ."I"- >OR Ilie s. -
GEO. H. Flir ALD, Snntford, Flor1



OCEAN STEAMSHIP CQk
\


"SAVANNAH LINE"

PART RAIL, PART SEA.

FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
a PROM .

FLORIDA TO NEW YORK.
BOSTON AND EAST.

SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Then 'e via Ship, sai:ings trom Savannah, Four Ships each week to New York -nd Two
to Boston All ticket agents -.. I hotels are supplied with monthly sailing shedules. Write
for genera' information. sail "x schedules, stateroom reservations. or call on
1. H. HIN rON. Trale gI-., WALTER HAaWKINP, Sea. Ag.,
Savannalh, Ga. 224 W. Bay St ,Jacksonville, Fla


SPECIAL UNTIL JULY 1, 1900.


V
*
ba. ow.'


To reduce our enormous stock of pot-grown plants, consis'ingof
about hall-a-million Tropical and Semi-Tropial PFruit- tree. Bcono,
mical, Mealcnal. and Usefnl Plants and ttees, Bamboos, Coniers,
Palms and Ccads, Ferns. Misenaneons ornamental vine. creep
shrute, and flowering plants, we will nntill JULY FIRST ofler an
and all at a cash discount of 83 1-3 per cent foim or list
Z! f as A Aia, X sM *1-B and urea18 Dull Uu aaa"M
see wai sa y mallt, a Ollia"Fli or ad per cent only will be alloweg.
We have a large stock ol such plants asl gavas, mangoes, sapodilas
star-apple cheralovas. loquata. camphor, etc, etc.. aI healthy and
Irc from insects. On citru stock we can only allow usa.l discount
of 20 per cent., when order amounts to #5.00 or over. Send for ele-
gant catalogue, most complete apblihed in the outh (free) sad et
some bargaim R&ASONBR BSRO., Omeco, FloridS


ORANGE TREES FOR SUMMER A
FALL PLANTING .
Budded on either Sweet or Sour All Standard varieties of Orange,
Orange, Rough Lemon or Citrus Grape Fruit and other citrus fruits
Trifoliata Stocks . in stock . . . . .

Trees budded on Citrus Trifoliata bear young and are
especially suited where artifical protection is used.


HIGHEST GRADE o TREES 0 AT LOW 0 PRICES

FREIGHT PREPAID.

Complete Stock of all Classes of Fruit and Ornamental Trees.

FLC RIDA GROWN PEACH TREES FOR LARGE ORCHARD
PLANTING A SPECIALTY.


~~I111~









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


HOUSEHOLD DXPAFTX3nT.

Address all communications to the
Household Department, Agriculturist,
lieLand, Fla.

A HELPFUL OGUKE.

The Fragments.
The spring house-cleaning is over in
nuInr houses, and the delicious sense
of cleanliness that pervades everything
from attic to cellar makes one feel that
the time and labor have been well
spent. If she Is economically inclined
(as every housewife should be) she
gathers up the fragments from attic
and closets and makes the best use of
them.
New pieces of calico or gingham may
he used for a quilt, and if they are cut
cut by some simple pattern like the
nine patch or star and sewed up on the
matching the work is very quickly done.
Dress skirts, sheets, pillow cases and
other garments that are no longer use-
ful in that capacity can be used for
carpet rags. for rag carpets will be
popular as long as the thrifty house-
wife likes a cheap and serviceable
floor covering. Nothing standsthe wear
on a dining room or sitting room as
well, and when soiled, the widths can
he taken anart and washed and will
look like new.
If you wish to make a hit or miss
carpet. gather all the rags that are
available for that purpose, and when
you have enough, tear them and mix
them thoroughly before using. The
colors will then be distributed evenly
tlith'llount tio rtirpot, which is nreer
the case when only a few are prepared
at one time. You will need some
bright colors to make a pretty carpet,
and the white rags may be dyed red,
blue. green and yellow, for the diamond
dyes in all these shades produce beau-
t'ful and unfading colors on cotton
goods. Black and white chain arranged
in stripes three or four inches is pret-
ty or two contrasting colors forming
whai weavers call "bfi6lt Work" I1 PrP-
feqvd- ,by many. Either plan makes a
prettier carpek than if the chain were
all one color, and costs no more for
weaving.
When the bright colors are arranged
In stripes, they are usually alternated
with wide stripes of dark rags sewed
hit or miss. Cut the rags fine and ev-
en and sew them together carefully so
that no loose ends will show after it
is woven., One and one-fourth pounds
of rags make a yard of carpet, and one
to one and one-fourth pounds ot chain
will be required for three yards. Use
none but the best, for the chain always
wears out fast. Elsie Gray.

Children's Tashions.
This season shows the fashions for
children to be as varied and quite as
attractive as those for the older ones.
Cotton fabrics were never more beau-
tiful and there is no reason why the
little ones can not be becomingly dress-
ed and at a small expenditure of mon-
ey. says Prairie Farmer.
It is always best to study simplicity
when fashioning the children's gar-
ments, yet this season shows a decided
tendency toward extravagance. Hats,
coats and gowns, are elaborately trim-
med and stitched.
The full gathered waist with a belt
and short puffed sleeves to be worn
with guimpes is still a favorite with the
little tots and up to about eight years
of age. A ruffle of lawn edged with
lace, pique or embroidery, is used to
finish the neck. and the skirt is cut in
straight breadths, hemmed, tucked and
gathered into the belt Rows of inser-
tion are sometimes set in the skirt
above the hem and one or two ruffles
around the bottom of the skirt are also
used.
A full waist made with a sailor col-
lar effect sloping down over a tucked
white lawn yoke in front and tied with
a knot and ends of silk, is also a very
desirable style. This wide sailor col-
lar appears on some of the little reefer
coats.
Almost all materials are utilized for
the children's gowns, more especially


for the older girls. Nothing is pret-
tier than nun's vrlllng, as It Ia soft and
tucks beautifully. Tan is the most
popular shade of this material used,
although one sees many light grays
and also pale blue and white.
Some of these gowns are made with
vertical tucks all around the skirt.
They are stitched down to just above
the hem and are allowed to flare from
there. When made after this design
the sleeves and bodice should also be
tucked. As this material is thin the re-
sult is very pleasing when the lining
used is of some contracting color as for
instance a tan made over pale pink.
Foulards and India silks in small all-
over designs and polka dots are made
up into summer gowns for girls and
some of the skirts are shirred on three
cords around the hips.
Tunic overdresses having a scalloped
or pointed finish on the edge and trim-
med with lace or rows of velvet rib-
bon, fall over ruffles around the hem of
the skirts and is a favorable mode for
fashioning these dresses. Sometimes
the ruffles are accordion plaited, which
adds greatly to their beauty.
The hats for lithe girls are mostly
of shirred mull and silk and have plait-
ed frills on the brim: these are made
of fine transparent satin straw, form,-
ing the brim in hinn double fnldn,
Hats with high crowns of lace straw
threaded with black velvet ribbon and
brims of silk and mull plaitings are al-
so worn. Soft wide taffeta ribbon
made into huge bows trim the straav
brimmed hats.
For the little men there are suits
of sorgo and piqu n mieo with the Rus-
sian blouse and shirt and full trottlvrs
ending just below the knee. The blouse
has a collar of linen or pique and is
worn with a belt of the same material
or one of leather.


Raised Cake.
In country homes where one is oblig-
ed to keep cake constantly on hand,
a gPOfl l'l~I 00c k'O Will offtii w4 lot
only agreeable change. but as good as
a rich fruit cake, anti much less ex-
pensive. It keeps moist fully as long,
is quite as delicious, and much less in-
jurious to the average stomach. The
following recipes have been faithfully
tested and will be found excellent.
Mother's Raised Cake.-One and a
half pounds of four, six ounces butter,
three and one-half ounces lard, three-
fourths pint of milk, one-half coffee
cup yeast, one nutmeg. one-half tea-
spoon mace, two eggs one pound stoned
raisins, four ounces citron, one pint
sugar and one-half teaspoonful salt.
Scald the milk, lard and one-half pint
of sugar together. When cold stir in
the flour and add the yeast. Set in a
warm place until light. Then add the
butter and the rest of the sugar beaten
to a cream, the eggs, fruit and spice.
Lot it rise again_ Thou dlivi],de and out
into pans, and after setting it in
a warm place for half an hour, bake
it slowly for one hour.
Nellie's Raised Cake.-One cup rais-
ed dough, one cup molasses, one cup
sugar, one-half cup butter, one cup
sour milk, a little grated nutmeg, one
cup stoned raisins, one teaspoon soda,
two teaspoons cinnamon. one-half tea-
spoon mace, one teaspoon cloves and
three and one-half cups sifted flour.
Bake slowly.
Loaf Cake.-Two cups I:ght dIourI.
two cupfuls sugar, ane cup butter,
one cupful cream and two eggs,
one-half teaspoon soda..one cup raisins.
one cup currants, one teaspoon each
of ground cinnamon and mace, and one
grated nutmeg. Work well together,
and add sufficient flour to make it stiff.
Shape into loaves, put in pans, let it
rise, and bake slowly.
Loaf Cake No. 2.-Three coffee cups
light dough, two and one-third cups
sugar, one cup butter, three eggs, one
nutmeg grated. Mix well together,
and work with the hands until perfect-
ly smooth. Add raisins, citron, and
blanched chopped almonds to suit the
taste. and let rise half an hour in the
pans it is to be baked in. This is easi-
ly and quickly made, and even when


very little fruit is added it is much The Eminent Kidney
niaur than the ordinary loaf cake.--El.


Crescents and Sweet Rolls.
Crescents.-Put one cupful of luke-
warm water in a bowl, add one yeast
cake broken into two pieces and one ta-
blespoonful of sugar, and let stand in
a warm place till the yeast rises to thi
surface; then add one pound of flour,
one teaspoonful of salt andl iix to a
smooth, soft dough.: pour one-half giill
warni water over the dough; cover and
let stand till it has increased to double
its size: then add three ounces of but-
ter dissolved in half a cupful of warnm
milk; add more flour ant knead it we-ll
on a board till it ceases to stick to
the hands. When this is done, return
the dough to the bowl and let it rise
for the second time to double iis size,
which will take from two to three
hours. When the dough is light, divide
it into one and one-half ounce pieces
and roll them into balls; set these balls
as soon as done on a floured board one
inch apart; prinkle over a little ;rye
flour, ('over and le:Ive tlemt to risc in
a warm temperature for foriy-five
minutes. Then lay two of tihe balls on
a floured pastry board. one beside the
other a short distance apart, and with
a small roller flatten down the two
liall at onee, giviln them :ni oval
shape, the farther side a little tlIcker
than the forward ones; then with the
left hanl hold the front of one of these
flats, and with the palm of the right
hand roll it over on itself, Ieginning
with the thick side,.and bring it for-
ward to give the shape of a shuttle
six inches long and one inch thick in
the middle ani ono-quartl r or an Inch
thick on the ends; lay them in slightly
buttered pans, one inch apart, cres-
cent shape; cover then with another
pan, and let them rise in a warm tem-
perature one hour; brush them over
with beaten eggs, dilut ed with milk;
bake in a moderate oven about fifteen
minutes. In the meantime, mix one
teaspoonful of corn starch in a small
saucepan with half a gill of cold water
and cook till clear. Aa soon afi fth
crescents are done, brush them over
with the corn starch water and serve.
Sweet Rolls.-Mix one cupful of milk
with one and one-half cupfuls of flour,
a little salt and one cake of compressed
yeast into a smooth batter; cover and
set in a warm place till it has formed
a light sponge. Stir two ounces of but-
ter with two tablespoonfuls of sugar
till creamy; add one egg: add it to the
light sponge. add more flour and knead
it on a board till it ceases to stick to
the hands; return the dough to the
howl; cover and let it rine to double its
size. Divide the dough in pieces
weighing one ounce each; roll them on
a board with the palm of the hand into
balls; set the balls in buttered tins,
one inch apart; cover and let them rise
to double their size. When heady to
put in the oven, brush them over with
bretfn aca dilited with nilk, And with
a pair of scissors make four incisions
on top of each roll to form a cross;
then hake them in a moderate oven till
done.-Mrs. Lemcke, in Ledger Month-
ly.

Fertilizer Notes.
Tennessee Experiment Station says:
Acid phosphate is often sold under the
following names: Superphosphate..
soluble bone, and dissolved bone. The
first expression is good but the last two
are trade names which are a little mis-
leading. Probably not one acid phos-
phate in one hundred comes from bone,
and if it did the available phosphoric
acid would have no more value from
any other source. Similar names are
used for mixtures of acid phosphate
and potash.
Acid phosphate can be used in place
of kainit. to prevent loss of ammonia
from stable manure.
A number of firms blacken their
goods by means of some such useless
material as lignite or graphite. The
claim is made that the farmer wants
black fertilizers. The chief objection
is that the farmer must pay for this
extra rich appearance. It should be
stated, however, that a black phos-
phate is mined in middle Tennessee.
The complete fertilizer is generally


and B~ladaer 5pecialist.


lb Msvmr el Dwau1-sst at WaWft
M Lalat .
There is a disease prevailing in this
country most dangerous because so dece
tive. Many sudden deaths a caused by
it-heart disease, pneumonia, heart failure
or apoplexy are often the result of kidney
disease. If kidney trouble is allowed to ad-
vance the kidney-poisoned blood will attack
the vital organs, or the kidneys themselves
break down and waste away cell bycell.
Then the richness of the blood-the albumen
-leaks out and the sufferer has Bright's
Disease, the worst form of kidney trouble.
Dr. Kilmer's SwampRoot the new d-
dMvory li t16 1i a1&PW76 f Mha, bI aI w
and urinary troubles. It has cured thousands
of apparently hopeless cases, after all other
efforts have failed. At druggists in fifty-
and dollar sizes. A sample bottle sent free
by mail, also a book telling about Swamp
Root and its wonderful cures. Address
Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton, N. Y. ad
mention this paper.


sold under some name selected by the
manufacturer. The ammonia usually
comes from tankage, a material which
furnishes this element the cheapest,
but frequently in a rather unavailable
form.
Ammonia and nitrogen, as trade ex-
pressions, are often used inter-change-
ably. The latter is the more accurate
term, so in reality ammonia is seio4m
tound in fertilizers. Nitrogen is the
element desired, so that an ammonia
compound is valuable only for the ni-
trogen it contains. Nitrate of soda acts
the most quickly and is the most avail-
able of all forms. The nitrogen of am-
monium sulphate is nearly as active,
while it less easily lost from the sol.
Cotton seed meal and dried blood come
next in availability, and are still less
liable to be lost by leaching. On the
whole, tankage contains tne most un-
available form of nitrogen, and along
with tankage should be put most of the
bone meals.
It wouul ie to lth growers' Interest
to insist on knowing the source of the
I:itrogen in complete fertilizers.
The value of a bone meal depends
largely on its fineness. If we demand
finely ground bone it would be forth-
coming.
The potash found in the various mix-
tirea comes from Germany, and Is gen.
rally in the form of the muriate of
potash. The sulphate of potash is al-
so sold, but is more expensive and of
little additional value, except for to-
bacco. Wood and hull ashes furnish
the best of all forms, the carbonate of
e'tash.
Home made mixtures are most sat-
isfactory. 'Any farmer can mix as
good fertilizer by means of acid phos-
phate, a German potash salt, and cot.
ton seed meal. as is sold on the mar-
ket.
Do not mix acid phosphate and ashes,
but apply them at different times. The
lime in the ashes tends to render the
available phosphoric acid nsoluble and
unavailable if mixed.

LIKE HIS lPITHER.
"Charley. dear," sad youmn Mr. Tor-
kins, the baby is trying to thlk nagin.
It's wonderful how he takes after you."
"Wimt was he talking about?"
"I think ft must have been ponties. He
*.arted very calmly, but in a few int-
utes he waas s angry and red in the face
as 'he could be."--WahksWton tSar.

If you have.a good farm that is not
havingg as much as you think it Ought set
a portion of it 'to some good varieties of
fruit trees, then you wll make pert of It
pay at least.


__








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


POULTRY D]PARBTXENT. good cow to produce twice the quanti- SEED E
-_ ftry of milk that an ordinary cow does S E Ed S E E D !
for a year; then why cannot an extra
Address all communications to Poul-
Address all communications to Pou good hen double the product of an or-
:iy Department. Box 200, DeLand, Fla. dinary one? Any old hen will lay one Please note tha I hve transferred my sed business from Gaines
hundred eggs. If she does not, theneas note tha hve transrred my sed business from aine
h Poltry Pa you should know it and use the axe. ville to Jac Ollnvilll, Fla. I can now odter special inducements to pur
When we say a breeder raises poul- outon isnot goven by t chasers tf Seed Oats, Seed Potatoes, Velvet Beans, etc.
amount of food eaten so much an by
try for profit, we mean only one of a the digestibility, seasonableness, and
large number of people. There being last, but not least, the proper propor-
a great number of people who do notion and mixture of foods, so as to I HAVE
make it pay, their failure can be traced contain the exact elements needed to
to poor management owing to lack of support life and supply egg producing POUNDS
sufliolont expoer:oneo, or knowledge of into li feran. r vl"f10 P U -m
poultry facts, orndto a agelesness. No poultry keeper should ever forget ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE SEED
The poetry industry is a magnt this word, for it is the secret of egg ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE SEED
cent enterprise and even almost sur- p.:ot, ietion, of physical perfection, and I
passes any other industry in value and the best safeguard against dis- READY FOR DELIVERY.
profits. 'lhis industry is now increas- ase. Under no circumstances should
ing rapidly, and the present work is one attempt the management of an egg
conducive to future improvement; f eill without supplying scratching Address all orders ad inquiries to
that is, both improvement in breeds Otl.itel's (prefrably the shed plan),
and in improved methods of manage- then keep the flocks busy, and he will P. F. WILS N, Jacksonville, Florida.
meant. be richly rewarded with great qual-
The lt-ation of the pnoltry hautr iIn t, Aft t fFuIt.rL-Fpin, rluil a A_
an important part of the work, yet a Fireside. MA LO STEAMSH P LNE.
good warm house would be of value in STEAMSHIP LINE.
most any place. Poultry a a Farm Adjunc. Paseger ervee.
The breeder who wishes "to make it Poultry as a Farm AdJunot. -'- o mPa--eer conner.
pay" should select his breed for the If poultry should be made a scialty Florid tioos with steamers cleav
purpose that he desires to raise them on the farm. and the flocks be inY J acksonwlle (Union de-
tor, that is for eggs or for market -tensed to a number that would per- New York Jtc s ay : in.
that is for eggs or for markemit the farmer to devote his attention hila- n.
One mistake is the failure to get thereto, the profit received in propor- dins I: 0p. m.. via C, m-
pure breeds. A good many persons tion to the labor bestowed would be delphia & berlanl, rtemer; meals
think that common fowls will do, but larger than that derived from cattle. Plant System rall p. .,
not so. A pure breed s much better considering that the fowls on Bostofn r nase,'raon ai o.-
not so. A. pure breedIis much better Dpsevsers on arrivalgo_
tor several reasons, and then after he the farms really receive little or no ,rom Bruswick direct to g dlrctly a oard atem
has the pure ones he can make crosses, care is alone sufficient evidence that New York er
et.. a nd still keep the an make breeds with excellent management and the use
etc.. and still keep the pure breeds. OOaEDO ..sILlNGi for June, 1900
When a person breeds poultry he of selected breeds the farmer would NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK GA.. DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
should keep an account of evything lie more favorable to poultry if he FRIDAY A4 FOLLOWS:
bought, used and sold. o at any would make the experiment. o long . RIO ANDE ............................riday, June 1.
nient he may know just how he is get- have the farmers overlooked poultry S. S. COLORADI.................... ...........Friday, June 8.
ting along. that it is surprising how many inquir- RIO GRANDE ............................. .... .Friday, June 15.
Woe ma that a hon nya if her prof- les come from that class asking infor- s. COI,OORADO ................... ........ ......Frday June 22.
it ~, 'hat a i k ^ it y iiDrof.mlaion on o no iiietnot (if mannrimrnt. ,_ OLO D.... ...... .... ...... *'
its are one dollar each year, that Is, a llon on tim net a on mannrrm nt. ......... ..... .. Friday June .
hen is supposed to lay two dollars' yet these farmers are well familiar with SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO I:RUNS.WICK, STEAMERS LEAVE PIER a
worth of eggs in a year and consume the care and management required for K. R.. EVERY FRIDAY, 3:00 P. M.
one dollar's worth of food horses, cattle, sheep and swine. It is, For general information, steamers, trains, rates, etc., apply to
on dllr' orh f oo.BASIL GILL, Iay Street. Jacksonville, Fla,
The individual nest boxes are val- however. reditable to such farmers H. H. Raymond. General Southern Agent, Brun ick. Ga..
able In deciding which hens do lay that they are disposed to leanl more. C. H. Mallory & Co.. general Agents. Pier 20E. R. and 3M5 Broaday, N. Y
the required number of eggs to amount and they will make no mistake In plac-
Thwe To mre h rofrt acrtse t p u is to ob -a
to two dollars. lag the r poultry department of the farm END O E Ct
And last of all, in the o u poultry bsi- pon a plane higher than that now oc- 7 ai
ness, as in any other business, we cped. The course to pursue is to oe t a
must be careful and go slow in the be- gradually increase the flocks every Ismat Sn s szsmm,. ij '
ginning. year, and not venture too largely at =1m"a W B
Those who make the profit are those first, so as to gain experience while Z T B Oiur M c
who began at the bottom and worked eterninag the busd in a few ImusT tete oa 1m r '
their way p. ars there will he a good profit gm- &I IT THyrIS owns ,a.S









How is it that so many farmers do amers, jote I- e.Intem one
Often those who don't make poultry lig in from poultry, the capital invest- "W 1 TbA T t t










does not give attention to small mat- away has so successfully treated I1 a |r[ sk su
pay are those who get discouraged ed hravin g been created by the fowles A tls onI &
when sume triofing matter confryents during the progress of f development of h a U I.as
the, when their best bird is lost or the business. Leave the female mem- BEWARE OF M*IMT O t.S L o i.
them, when their vabest bird is lost or ortia&n lIm HIown v sl wlm
something of that kind; yet there are hes of the family out, for they will varl tt ca
no victories without trouble. So beand ot be able to attend to large flocks, mUIa *N N AWh A s .
prepared for It u ed make the effort and nd begin in the poultry business with THE UR-s e a s s
seed y in ou determination to succeed in a -few tou -ff sucuIce a afwuutu MA
try Standard. ears, securing as much profit as pos-2 8"L MO.I Z OIn oui
sible with the least outlay for buildings So m r a fo O 3 t5r.ser e 3
egg ,Prodetaon-an lat be xIncelrrel and labor.--Farm & Fireside. ,.4Vi to rmaaig W w .
How is it that so many farmers do hi %T O ft Ia. boma Pal er- i









whe some On these poenrs ae qnow e i s eloPooni a muman isma all
not find poultry- keeping profitable? It OUR GREATST SPECIALIST o l at
e Ishco t m ooin et h ei ms teo t A a .D
Is probably because the busy farmer For 24 years Dr..J. Newton Hath- ire ste 'v lear 211 1041. Taw"ml
does not give attention to small mat- away has so successfully treated AlaE inEI FECC.ABI
terms of delall. An interesting article (hronic (i1se1ilies that he is ;aeknowtledg- nied 54.55 to
on the subject of egg production by ed to-day to stand at the head of his I I dln L"

country tl gemn. otHe says an o mlth otd of treatment for VaMricocele A o 5-O kAL O. aS.vS y3aeS
Coeurt t. pry h uap red Grlmn S treaty entinh Ga. 4xli oh raOe 2.yewt
hen should lay 100 eggs a year and re- and strictiure without the aid of knife % i'c rHei f FO C ISlm
commends the use of the ax if she does or cautery. cures in 0 per cent. of all t aw =.t go6 as b ;t -elln"..m wet -F c .mms. attes .
not come up to that figure. It is pua- P:uIP. In the trratlncn t of noen of n~ Ia T.s RO ( )
abe now to know how many eggs a hen Vital forces, Nevonts Disorders. i- .id. .
lays. On these points we quote: any and i rinary Complaints, Paraly-
Any one having an intimate knowl- 51. BloodPoisoningRheumatisn mCa- itonLm Y
edge of chemistry with practical poul- trrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
try keeping experience, knows that an A iy's practice is more than double 1
egg is composed mostly of water, andther specialist Cases:
also that for six months of the year rthat of nounedy other specialist. physi A WO A s ME
a hen secures about one-half the toed Is to enclose fowls with Page Poultr Fence.
cans, rapidly yield to his treatment. PAGE OVeN WIRE Fl CKt PPo..ARXIA, nICe.
she consumes from grass bugs, Weed Write him to-day fully about your case.
seeds and other materials. One hun- em senhr f as
dried pounds of grain fed from the bin He makes no charge for consultation Western Poulry Farm, erdeperndon~Fmvy
or advice, either at his office or by every year and acver suffer
combined with such other food is am. mail. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D. 25 MARSHALL, MO. adppotintment. Chbepblt-
for the production of two hundred ryan Street, Savannah, Ga ltutes bring loes. not pylng crops.
pie for the production of two hun Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga. 4 months on trial O10c. One yr. 25c. t Pays to pay a little more for
egg in a year-and what Is still more I- tells how -n me p t l verwere ad lw orts Ipa
to the point, there are many farms W~L~, BErPER MEN GE IT. profitable. It is up to date. 24 pages. vyea always worth IL
where some of the hens are now laying "In my 'pnion a man loses a lot of Send to day. \'- sell beat liquid lice kWill- Always the eg imled Annual
over two hundred eggs by actual count, dtgnity in the ecrimble tor offne." er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg I. I 9 ., tmm,
Trap nests are fast making It possible "I don't know about dignity, but I bands for pIoulry. I dos.. 20 eta: 25 for 30
Tra nutsirye to mkep a t te -now the reten loses a lot of oadh."-In- cta: SO f1`0 I "I.: 100 for $II.
for poultrymen to keep accurate ae- dianspolia Journal.
count of Individual egg production; dlneeleJornl
and while a few lightheans may be If you wish paying results advertise In -Tmk.aiol
tempted to exaggerate, still there are the Agriculturist. ees&C yru p TALL ousteiuamsadR(one
fanciers and writers whose reputation .ii SAoldy
cannot be assailed. Sharpies Cream Separators-Profit- lS a. MARDh e
It is nothIng unusual for an extra able Dairying. 100. Che. i U


*










P6i THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


THE LAST DAY AT THE

SOUTH SCHOOL.
"B'en in school yet?" Mrs. Gale asked,
as she stooped to pick up the borr-owed
itin she had just dropped.
Mrs. Brown carefully let the last drop
of hot fait fall from the doughnut she
held poised on a fork before replying.
"No. Mary, I hadn't. I don't generally
get in till the last day, fur, as I tell Joe,
I hear about what's going on in the
school right here t home, mor'n 'si I
went in and set through one or two
classes."
"Well. I dunno, Sarah; there's a good
deal said this term about the teacher,
and I feel it's my duty to find out
what's going on. Fur's I've heard, the
children all 'thtnk she's perfection, and
that to my way of thinking is reason
enough for destrin' a change. To my
mind, children never like b reel good
teacher. I dunno as you remember
Jane Bartlett that taught when I went
to school. The young ones didn't like
her because they were soart to death
of her, but ~he jest knew how to teach
them arithmeticc asd spelin'. Land, they
would sing the mutlplication table to
Yankee Doodle, and many's the time I've
seen her stand over Lime Wood with a
ruler till he could spell the words he
'missed."
Mrs. Brown lifted her eyes from the
pan of savory, beautifully browned
doughnuts and fixed them upon the face
of her guest. "My brother Joe used to go
to her." she said. "and I remember how
he'd study his spellin' book to home
nights till he could spell the words back-
'ards and for'ards, but as soon as he'd
get up to spell he couldn't remember one.
Every time he missed one she'd give him
a crack with the ruler, but after al, I
dunno as she ever taught him to spel."
"From what I hear said," put in Mrs.
Gale darkly, "thit last teacher is about
-the worst fur notions lof any they've had
since they began talking about these nor-
mal ideas. From what they tell, she's
the only reel graduate that has ever
taught here. and I heard her telling Char-
lie Spooner that she come out here to
stoud existing' conditions and get a broad-
er view of her work. I shud have had
more respect fur her if she'd said she
was teaching' fur the money she got."
. "So Charldtte was a-tellin' me, but hev
you heard about there not being any
lait day this term?"
'"That's just what I was going' to men-
tion. I think something' ort to be done
n.bout it." Mrs. Gale's thin lips set them-
selves In unpleasant lines and her high-
pi-tched voice rose with excitement. "I
heard her a-tellin' Mrs. Gilman right be-
fore little Harry that the idea of an ex-
Iribition at the end of the teran had been
lv'e-n up years ago. and that she couldn't
spend time for special preparation. I say
fu-r a girl a-eretending to teach school.
that. don't take interest enough In her
work to set up a last day, it is a pretty
small talk. Sakes alive, how we ust to
count on the last day fur weeks before-
hand."
Mrs. Brown occupied herself by unpin-
ring her sleeves and slowly unrolling
them until her large bare arms were
a ain covered. "Probably obe's like all
the rest 6f them, teach a few terms and
then get married. They are tellin' though
that Ahe is making' a regular fool of that
Charlie Spooner. Mis' Jones told me that
she sends her leters uo to the office by
John. and every week sie sends two to
the same person. She looks real flighty
and Charlie might know she 'is only
triflin' with htm."
"Did you know about her getting a tel-
egram last week?" Mrs. Gale broke in.
"about some ball game or other?" Hob
Iewis brought It v and Mis' Gates was
real scart of giving It to her fur fear it
-wus had news. but she opened It cool
enough and 'M4s' Gates told Mary she
iest yelled. "Seventeen to rUthin'; I'm so
grlad.' Mis' Gates spoke up and asked
her if that was better than 16 to 1 (you
know Fdwln is a Democrat), and she
laughed and said it was the result of the
greatest football game of the season, and
,she knew some one -who played. Frogn
pictures I've seen. there ain't no great
difference between football and prize
fighting. "
Mrs. Gale sighed profoundly. "As I
said, I'dunno how much the children are
leornin'. I say It stands to reason that if
children are all over a teacher, she can't
'hev much government, and a teacher has
grot to hev government. Fred Lyman told
his Aunt Hannah and she told me, that
when Ithat Eliott boy said ramrods was
what women .nmmned their hats on with,
de just laughed out loud. Now wa'n't
it her duty to restrain herself? What
kind of a way Is that to govern children?
I'm glad enough that my children got
through going to sceaool years ago, and I
don't take a mite of Interest In the school
hut I should like the privilege of goin' in
'the last hay, same's I allue hev done."
Mrs. OCle rose from her chair and
wrapped her apron over her head. "I
must be goin' now, I've left bread in the
oven." Suddenly, "Do look at this Sa-
rah," broke out the departing guest, as
she gased out from the dse window klool
the stretch of road, where at the top of
a sharp pitch stood the 'white school
house that for years (had been kindLer-
sarien and university to the youth of dis-
trkit number three. Perched upon a high
stone wall, a bag of books swung over
her shoulders, contentedly eating an ap-
pol and gazing toward the western sky
where the marvelous tinting was fast
turning to somber hues, was the figure
of a tall girl. As the two women watched
she sprang to the ground and ran easily
',wn the slope. "Look alt that and tell
me if -he -has had much bringing up."
cariT, =book her head, but made no re-
ri-. and Mrs. Gale with sudden thought
o' her neglected bread hastened home.
It was never known just how it hap-


opened that Dashtown had united with a
neighboring town in the hiring of a su-
perintendent, but the action had been
deeply regretted, and between the long-
suffering individual who filled ,the posi-
tion and the committee, chosen for their
firm adherence to the views of their fath-
ers, was constant friction. In vain had
he striven to have the pupils of the
outer districts carried to the center of
the town and there establish with the
united forces a graded school with well-
trained and salaried teachers. The prop-
ositton was bitterly opposed; old John
Gllman was reported to have said that
"his children got holt of enough deviltry
as it was. without sitting any more from
the town young ones."
It was through this superintendent's in-
strumentality, however, that Catherine
Mason 'had come to teach in district num-
ber three. She was eager to learn of
new conditions a.nd if possible remedy
a.nd perfect them. It was ti firmly fixed
idea, she found, that if a child had not
got his lesson at 4 o'clock, he should -be
punished, and that severely, preferably
by the use of the rod. "They will not
trea-t the child as an individual," she had
despairingly ejaculatted to the superin-
tendent. "They won't tolerate any evi-
dences of the young animal. Why won't
they study 'their own children and help
me with data?"
The genial superintendent gave his
hearty laugh. '%Don't expect too much;
they are of sterling miuttrial after all, in
spite of unreasoning and unrooted preju-
dices, and have the children's welfare t't
heart. Rest assured thut your influence
will make itself felt in 'time."
Cathierine laughed good naturedly when
the children told her of the preparations
for previous last days. when for weeks
'before they had studied their "pieces"
and their fond mothers 'had worked on
new dresses. Some had even confided
the number of bradls in which their hair
had been confined the night before and
of its wondrous crimped appearance upon
the eventful day. Had she realized the
significance of this custom to the parents
and children, she would never have treat-
ed the matter as lightly as she did. To
her the idea of wasting precious mo-
ments in such a way seemed folly, and
she gave the matter little thought. The
children, innocent little mischief makers
'that they were, were quick to report that
" teacher wasn't going to have no last
day," and all unknown to the earnest
young worker, the matter was being
deeply agitated throughout the district
where the doings of 'the "schoolma'am"
proved a never-failing source of interest.
Mrs. Jones voiced -the opinion of her
neighbors when she stated plainly that
she "shud go in school jest as she allus
had dfne, and set there, even if there
wasn't no'thin' to cse."
The last week drew to its close and
Catherine worked constantly for the com-
pletion of cherished plans. She had de-
termined to keep up regular recitations to
the last moment. EA-oeially was she
anxious to demonstrate 'to a class in
fractions why they "inverted the divisor
and proceeded as in multiplication How
she wished they had never seen that odi-
ous rule. Friday came quickly, and at a
quarter past 1 a rap at the door caused
Catherine to admit Mr's. Jones. Before 2
o'clock the astonished young teacher
had welcomed some twenty "parents and
friends." Nothing daunted, although
compelled to send to the neighbors for
chairs, she strictly adhered to her pro-
gram, but she felt the disparaging glances
and realized the unfavorable feeling.
Never had she shown an example of
better teaching than now, in her brief
reviews, her inductive presentation and
her crisp drills, and she felt secure in the
fact that she held the children's interest
and attention. Her enthusiasm and mag-
netism could hardly fail to affect the
stern array of critics, and many a severe
skeptic felt in a dim way that the pupils
were gaining more than they realized.
At 20 minutes of 4 the children were
asked to lay aside their bonks. Quickly
and quietly it was done. and 30 pairs of
eyes were fixed upon their teacher. Ris-
ing from her chair COther:ne faced her
waiting audience and mildc.
"My dear friends," she sa'd, "you have
come here to witness a last day exhibi-
tion for which I have made no pre-'t.ra-
tion. I am glad, sincerely glad, that you
have come, but I am unwilling that you
should judge my work by a few recita-
tions, a song or two, and a sample lesson
In reading. I do appreciate your interest.
I should be glad, ladder than you can
possibly realize. if you would only try
to learn just what I am dain" or trying
to do, but one day at 'th close of the
'term isn't the best -time to r1o this. Come
In any time and come oft'n. -When you
wonder how a certain irincinle is being
taught, come and I will shw you. ITet
me tell you of the real results of thb n-
parently strange methods I use: I r':.1-
ize 'the lack of time in your busy lives
for this, but what you can for ynor i-
dren's sake spare, use it so it will every
moment pay. I want you to know what
I am doing. but more what the children
are accomrlishinr. Te,--'hirtz is cnly to
be valued in the degree it shows the chil-
dren how to teach themselves: all
through their lives they must be ,their
own teachers. Your interest is the best
possible incentive for them to do their
best.
"Won't you believe that we teachers
have the children's welfare most deeply
at heart? We try to study them in the
few hours they are with us. but think
how much wider are your oprortltitief:
you who have Watche'd, each budding
characteristic; you whose lives are cen-
tered in them. Won't yot tell us about
them? Come to us frankly and tell us
wherein we fail to aid them as you wish.
Do you realize, can any of us realize how
much depends upon these childish minds?
Cannot you feel a lack In your lives?
See to it that it doesn't come into theirs.
Cannot you remember the words of some


one teacher in your adhool days who
made your life richer by a simple stated Th Salvtion Amy.
ideal, by a vivid picturing of some goal Ar
toward which you were asked to strive?
Which helped you the more, the loving
thought that has remained with you al THE LIFE OF THESE SELF-SACR-
these years, or the pounding into your FICING WORKERS OFTEN ONE
head of long division? Is it wrong to
take some time to show the children the OF HARDSHIP.
lives of men like Lincoln, 'to teach them
a little of Longfellow and Whittier and While on Duty Capt. Br, Bryam Was
Emerson? Some of you ridicule our "na- Stricken withe a bppose Ineura
ture study." Can we give these little Diseasead Foreed s Rellnqulsh
people a more beautiful conception of God Hw
than In the wonders of his creattin,? Will the WOrk- has Now -
you not strive to make this in truth the coverie His Healt.
last day of idle curiosity, the last day of roms the News, Alexandria, Ont.
listening to unverified reports, the last The life ofaSalvation Army workerisevery
day of the old unsympathetic, narrow hr from being a sin cure. The dulies are
system, and the beginning of a new day not only arduous but the workers are called
when teacher and parent shall work to- n by t regulation of the army to on-
gether solely for the ourishing of the pon b the ol of t army to
be-t that is in the child and the creating all seasons and
'of new ideals, the broadening and widen- in all kiMns of weatiler, -his being the case,
ing of dawning conceptions, and the fru- it is little wonder that the health of these
ition of the highest type of human life?" self-suirificing workers frequently give
Flushed with excitement fram the un- way.
wanted and unrealized eloquence, Cath- Capt. Ben. Bryan, of Maxville Ont., wu
erine dismissed the pupils and bent over attacked by a mo-called ineurable ldiwse,
them a moment later, touched with the ut was restored to health through the asN
sincere sorrow of their good-bys. A con- e Dr. Williamsm Pink Pilla for Pale People
straint existed among her auditors. A
few made some sti..y-worded remark,
but the greater number passed quickly
out, leaving Caltherine alone with the
children-the children who had found no
meaning In her words, but were quick to
understand the tender light in her eyes.
"Well. Charlotte, what did you think
on't?" Mrs. Jones asked, hastrning down
the road after the tall, lank figure of
Miss Atkins. "What she said sounded
well enough, and 1 presume there wus
those that took considerable stock in it,
but I say, Mary that 'itain't preachin' we
want in a teacher, it's practice. There
won't no good come from changing' from
the solid ideas of our forOfat-hers. 'there
ain't no way to teach reading' but to learn
them their letters, and when the Bible
says, 'Spare the rod and spoil ~the child,' O Brf a a andU
I 'don't presume to see it in any other The story of his illness and suan quent
light on account of a girl like her." *ure reads like a miracle, and is giv y his
Miss Charlotte expressed in a measure own words a follows:
the views of the majority. for the iinstinc- While stationed at Deeronto, is July,
'tive homage they for the moment gave 1897 I attacked witl wlht the doctor
to the teacher's words was partly oblit- w attacked with what the dThe
rated by their firmly fixed prejudices- called 'Clhrnic Spinal Menlinutia.' The
theirs by birth and environment. Yet a symptoms were somewhat similar to those
start had been made along the line de- preceding a pleurntie attack, but were a-
sired, which after experiences of both comipanied by spasms which, when the plm
parents and teachers strengthened.-Farm beramnetoosevere, rendered me unenonaek
and Home. The length of these unconscious spells In-
creased as the disease advanced.
Flowers That Feed the Bees- "After spending four flonthain the Kinp
Experts claim that ton General Hospital, and on the Salvation
Experts claim that although France, farm, Toronto, regained some of my former
Spain, Greece, Portugal and the West In- ftren rt i reoa.ed to myo mor. The
dies produce and export honey, our strength nd retn to m
American product is yet he purest and second attack occurred when I was stationed
best. It ranks with the honey from at Schenectady, N. Y., in October, 1I8, and
France and Greece, which is used in med- was more severe than the rmt and I was
icines and for which the world has no compelled toresign my position and to return
substitute, to Imy home at Maxville. While there a
Not all clear and apparently pure hon- friend advised me to try Dr. Williams' Piak
ey from foreign parts can be relied ulan, Pills, and I began sming them in March
for the chemists say that much of it is 189. I have used only a dozen boxes and
adulterated with flour and gela;tine. And .a one more enoying perfect health I
not only these adulteraltions, but noxious feel that I ant perfectly well and can cheer-
flowers and those that are unknown in
their properties will affect .he purity of fully say that I attribute my present stat
honey. of health to thle effects produced by Dr.
Certain flowers make certain kintis of Williams' Pink Pills.
honey, and our apiarists and ,,o:nmercial "Mrs. Bryan has also used the pills and
buyers know at a glance the light comb has been benefited very much thereby."
and translucent raspberry honey, made Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People
by the busy bee from the blooming rasp- are sold in boxes (never in loose bulk)at
berry vines, and the darker but ricn and 50 cents a box or six boxes for $2.50, and
well flavored honey made fro-n the liow- ma be had of all druists, or direct by
era of buckwheat. This lactIer is recog- from .Willias 'edici eCompay
nizable from its aroma and flavor as soon mal from Dr.Wlisms MediciueComlpay,
as the case is opened and is :n high fa- Bchenectsdy, N. Y.
vor.
Buckwheat is probably more heavily
laden with nectar than uny flower that Besides the white, the red and the
grows. for every one of the fifteen or Alsike or hybrid clover, the meliot or
twenty flowers that compose each cluster sweet clover, running wild, with fiag-
has eight stamens, and at the base of rant foliage, lse rich in nectar and bees
each is a honey sac, or nectar cup, that will go a long distance to feed upon the
feeds the bee. flowers. Willow and ftowertng locust, or
Clover is rich in nectar, and balm, ba- false acacia are rich in nectar laden flow-
sil and sage among the aromatic herbs, ers.
feed the honey bees. Blooming fields of Honey abstracted from flowers is pref-
clover are feasts for bees and the honey eraibe to that form ripe and over-ripe
is rich in aroma and second to raspberry fruits. The opinion of experts is that
honey in light comb und clear, golden ihe dark heavy honey that comes from
honey. Cuba is made from over ripe fruits, hence
The buttercup is a wild flower that is it does not compare with our own pro-
useful only in its nectar for the bees. duct. Cuban honey is bought principal-
Farmers consider it a fair barbarian that ly by confeottoners and bakers as an in-
encroaches upon ground that useful gredient of their imanufactorles of good
plants ought to occupy. Farmers know, keeping qualities. Honey cakes and can-
if poets and novelists do not, -tha:t the dies keep fresh longer than any other
buttercup does not impart its yellow, kinds.-Southern Cultivator.
.old color of cream and butler, be-ause
the cows do not, anywhere but in poetry Pruning Tomatoes.
and fiction, eat the blonis. It grows to l12"rluently tomato plants are severe-
a height above the average grasses and i
succulents around it, but standing well in 1 tlinnue of leaves and branches in
sight and tempting in appearance, yet the l'dli'. :t i said, to let in the sun to
cows will bite down every blade of grass ripen the fruit. (ood. healthy leaves
or clover leaf in sight and never touch .nd foliage are essential t- this, and
,the buttercups. The flowers are bright ilt will ripen bettr'under the
yellow and each one has five petals. with the fluit will ripn better under the
nectar cups or scales and five leaflets, shade of such foliage than when ex-
under the petals which form the sepals posed to the sun without the leaves.
of the cup or calyx. withinn are five- Vlhere the branches are so numerous,
other leafy organs of a bright yellow
color on both sides. These yellow leaflets ;t i" of advantage to thin out weaker
stand up in t'he form of a little cup, and ones to give move strength to the rest.
in the bottom are the other petals that IMelchan's Monthly.
form the corolla fr.m which the nectar
exudes. Bees exi .: t Ohe honey, leaving NOT ENTIRELY HOPI IEBS.
undisturbed the laig number of stamens "You just walt," cried Agtlinaldo, defl-
with very short filam n s almost buried antly. A i
in the stamens and killing the center of "'t for what?" cried the sprinting
the flower with the little green grains aide de-calmnp.
that are the carpels containing the seed. "ait until I get my second wind. I'll
The phacelia is a deep blue flower of giv 'e a hard run yet."
annual growth, exceedingly rich in bee And he was off again.-Cleveland Plain
food. Apiarists buy the seed by the pint Dealer.
and quart and sow them on ground to
themselves, besides mixing them with AN UNUTI'AL DISTINC'rION.
grass or clover for the bees. Even one "What was Mrs. Brimbury scolding the
bed of phacelia and one hive of bees is n tlmulance driver for?"
worth having. The phacelia blooms are "For not ringing his bell founder She
beautiful, and it is one of the most popu-wanted all the neighbors to know tht
lar annual flowers for gardens. It is both the ambulance stopped at her house e.
useful and ornamental. Cleveland Plain Dealer.








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. sf


PIW A"a 1oX111AO .

3iseisttppi tas a ItW, taW poultry
farm. It is located fifteen miles from
Bay St. Louls. There are 5,000 lay-
ing hens, 1,500 industrious ducks, and
hundreds of turkeys. Eggs are gath-
ered in wheelbarrows, and thirty large
incubators are in constant use.

The ordinary shell which was manu-
factured .hirty years ago only broke
into from twenty to twenty-five pieces
when it burst. At the present time it
bursts into 240, while a shrapnel shell,
which used to scatter thirty-seven mis-
siles, now scatters 340. A present day
bomb, when charged with peroxylene,
breaks up into 1,200 pieces, and it is
estimated that it would effectively kill
silf B u RflI fsea wilta tw w fea yffRs
of the explosion.

The last remaining relic of the first
railway in London has just disap-
peared from public view, having fallen
wearily into the waters of the Wandle.
It was in 1801, or nearly a century
ago, that an act was passed authoriz-
ing the construction of a railway from
Wandsworth to Croydon, the sleepers
being of stone and horses the motive
power. The scheme included a dock
at Wadsworth, and It is .he ancient
wooden crane connected therewith
ailelli hias Just aummiltetl auwlctle in
despair at the futility of its life.-
London Chronicle.

When Nineveh and RBbylon were in
the splendor of their might, men in
China were predicting eclipses, mak-
ing catalogues and giving names to
thie stars., But Nineveh and Babylon
were mere mounds of earth and rub-
bish when China was great, and to this
date the' civilization and life of the
Empire is the wonder of the world.

One of the most curious plants in
the world is what is called the tooth-
brush plant of Jamaica. It is a spj-ei,'s
of creeper and has nothing particular-
ly striking about its appearance. By
cutting pieces of it to a suitable length
and fraying the ends the natives con-
vert it into a toothbrush, and a tooth
powder to accompany the use of the
brush Is also prepared by pulverizing
the dead stems.

The effect of the climate in the Phil-
1ii ines is very evident in the amount
of sickness among the officers as well
as the rank and file of the army and
navy. Scarcely a day passes thnt a
new name is not added to the list of
those who have broken down from
tropical service. The hospitals are
filled with men. The good health
which was so long a feature of the
fleet has ceased to be.-Manila corre-
spondence Army and Navy Journal.
------ -
Among the curious article of vC m-
merce are toothpicks made of walrus
whiskers, quantities of which are ship-
ped from Alaska to Europe. Those
who are engaged in the trade pick the
whiskers out of the animals one by
one with squeezers. The toothpicks
thus secured are used principally by
the wealthier classes in China and
Russia, and are also beginning to come
into favor in the most noted clubs in
London.

in a summer crining yoiu iiiSy li
Arcturus high up in the south or south-
west in June or July and farther down
in the .west in August or September.
You will know it by its red color. That
star has been flying straight ahead
ever since astronomers began to ob-
serve it at such a speed that it would
run from New York to Chicago in a


ot meals


cool


and




cooks


You'll not need to regulate your cooking
by the thermometer when you get a
Wicklegss Blue Flame Oil Stove. On the
hottest days you can cook whatever you
Choose, in whatever way you wish, with-
j ^ out suffering any additional discomfort
while cooking, The comfort you'll gain
--- is only one of the advantages of using a



Wickless ti Oil Stove

It is handier than a coal stove and cleaner and she apr, The Wishlesa Blue
Flame Oil Stove is absolutely safe; it burns ordinary kerosene, without wicks
and causes neither smoke, smell nor soot
Made in various sizes for various-sized families; sold at prica to suit any o sled
pocketbooks-wherever stoves are sold. If the dealer does nolhave them, writeto the
STANDARD OIL COMPANY.


slitall fract;ion of ;I minullte. You would
h;Ivo to Iet slpry (,) rise from your
chair, Iplt o!l yo,1i1r hat and overcoat
:an(1 gloves .11 so out o nr oi tlie street
while :t wai ,'rio.slng tile Atlantic
oceCal fromll Nex\w York to Liverlosl.
.1:111 -i0 1 if l -' ti t!.| watlhi tlhat star
all your :f,,. ian, 1' I. as long as Me-
in'-lah'. you i w. i : ,e able to see
Ali;i it mov,'d ;i .! i. ..le journey that
:t woulild makeiii ii a tilousand years
would iheli :< Ia.Ilig along .anile.- I'l'r'ss.r S:I"monl Newconib, in
Youti's (h1)!,mllanioll.


A true story of a dog found guilty
of oi,;t:lling goSods under false pre-
tellinss ha1;s hleen recently told. The an-
imnal is very fond of crackers, and has
been tauyhlt by liis owner to go after
ilitlem himself. carrying a written order
in his ninuth. Day after day he ap-
peared at tilt' grower's, bringing his
Inaster's orders for crackers until the
clerks became careless about reading
thile difCiuiiit. Ijci ilry tlic mail amie
.n and complained that he had been
charged for much more crackers thai
lie had ordered. There was quite a
dispute over it, and the next time the
dog came in the grocer took the trou-
h1c to linki at lithe ina-r. It wan blank;
and further iiinvestigation showed that
whenever thi dog felt a craving for
crackers lie hliunteil up a piece of paper
tll rroti',td off to) hil' grocery store.
A.lanltlf (C'oln-t iit ion.

Ily s.yilin sale eggsgs is meant those
tlhi a;:e IIn,, stric tly fre.ls or that have
)' Mi:any of lho' 'ggs th.it Iw)l.ng to this
(class ar'e used by liakers, not only for
the yolks, bill for tilhe coloring matter.
It I., .hlliiltedl ihat 4iijoO0.66ol art iviui i
by calbto pi'in:es, aind another 120,000.-
0(10 go t)o lllle'rousl'l Ipholographic sup-
ply establishments. xook-binders, glove
manufacturers and leather finishers.
This cstinall(t Imay Net exaggerated
soinlewhat, bur it gives an idea of the
large extent to Which such eggs are
used.


"Carpets in Korea are not of as little
itonment as are carpets here. They are
handed down in families as heirlooms
from generation to generation to be-
come darkened and subdued with age.
l'iho,,- .ar., :*uii w.,i.,- ". tli aU': intld- If
paper by a peculiar process. In ap-
pearance they are much like the lac-
quered boxes which come from Japan,
and which are so much used as hand-
kerchief boxes," said the old time
American consul in Korea. "The na-
tives always take off their sandals
when they enter the 'house, and that
fact accounts largely for the long life
of tile rugs. \\lieil I was there, how-
ever, I shocked the feelings of every
one by wearing my shoes, carpets or
no carpets, and during my stay I com-
pletely wore out some of those beauti-
ful dark colored carpets. They are
about a qualrt'v of an inch in thick-
ness 1an11 ve y effective."

I) lTED APART.
"T had Ilh ig'ih thee an idol of gold."
hie idiv,) .*l, lltwl "uut Lmy feet are clay.-
Perenice Friskit contemplated him with
hauteur, also froideur.
"Well. they're only 2 B's, if I do say
it myself." she retorted.
Here they drifted apart, lasmuch as
they were palpably not afi lte souls.-
Detroit Journal.


1.98 MYS A $3.50*SUIT
*I m-Amm-I IWJrmWiAOT" m DOt SI
S*IIlW I ItUL 5 .te BOS' TWO.
S Al n nITS AT $1.98.
A 1 U ANY IF TNESE SUITS
IS~ n S~TISFAGTSII WEAWl.
OAn Y. aci this ad. iat and
to us, ai S bt hand asa whether
see. man ?o sD, toll-i IV v.E
aman oa mi examine It at your
tpres al e oem it found perfectly satis.
factory al is as Nid i joaur aw for
68EA tpyEyourexpres agent our Special
fer 1.05, and express charges.
TuiE IU T M IT are for bo.sl 4 to
15 iyeas age ace related eteeyhrre at
0 .6 Made with 3OOM SEAT and KNEE8,
IsIan s .k m migrated, nadat free a
sr ln. iht,, r.-.,sil.g, all-ast1
t t-7 Cae neat, handsome pattern.
fne Italian lining, li a o laerilalt e lipaddg,
staygad *Blrrada, U sa all .ear a e l, etaierseade
tLaru ntsawilt bt y r Iarenlt would be prod or.
on FLB Coum luull v CotL a fror ban 4 $ .
1UTBAR ., tai.rI 'uw e Se al; Se. 015E, contains fashio:i
plate* tape ease and full instructions how to order.
Mea's alts e r orer IFBi *5n.00 up. Sam.
ile ses f "rao on ntppo n 1l0 Address.
SEAMS, ROEBUCK I CO. (Inc.), Chicago, !11L
Mroes, %ae* & Ce. wse ossagly reUale,-Edito..)



0I C





Va9 ONLY TOOLS YOU FrO, gD
- W.Li.r Laii itun BRANB a
SNEW OTfE R RQFINC. Sheets either fi
i Ont'om-rogated or "'--rime. t qi i
- a 1 .s fa........ ......a 5 ow
- No other tool thua a hatchet or hammer -
is reqi id to lay this roofing. We furnish
with each order aiuient ummt to cover, and rg
u nilt to la it, without additional charge.
f Write for oTr fr eatalogue Io. *
do of general seruabadias bought by us at
dh...-! sa.. aa s gU


SEND, MO UONIUCAUNEU tWRIECKIN bu
5 NO ONEY W. 33 & Iron t., Chicago.,
SLT ,,, ,,L UT and II, ill UIIn Jt sElpll i l
= send to as state your
Weigt rcia eht lso
S.number inches around
ndy we will send this
I Ps Cp to $2.75 BOXRAIN COAT
youby expr, C. A RMCU %.00 WATER. s 15
0. D,, taWr- P3 N C IRNT [ To $2.r 5
examine d tr. You t a SEiD O MONEY. ct cais ad. out
on o your naret asoand send to us,
onat your nearest -- la*l i nt saa weihtrst. e stbe at
expresA office anrL a Lmeaaed d tire u t pde lrr


Hs fownd por beal rndt at, as ve awr erd rs an,i
Stisatory, ex- rtrillwdj'ouIthisco atb1 xpie-,



I7nJ m $2.75, and
etlyu^C^ ^ Cf p .... aaikt r sSli hli.. Ex



rss ,niad ef
cbaa'ge;esllK style, easy Sitgm., a ia fr'loh. arlly

shave's slit aiveous Sete II slbpaw a, l eatsa 1eal s a larlit(i rtoerl
maM.frrl,-a iht full le -t, d ouble l ..-td .
This Circuar 0l.sh t^ il snnt otytsltr 1uBB a velvet eoillr, ,ons-f plaid.. ,i,,ii i.'...
T arCirculd hn ap oryou e swe rears. Suit, ir
throughout winth u eised Slika hlathbhssaree, Very nMITE s Alu . tnerr C rEO is i jir
as E.. s.. ..... au .. bo ern e p
.n Slah t. heavl y InterUined with wadding i and Made-toS Measure uits.7ni Oar.
l;caps styX^le, -esy sfits. made ft,-^.1h-

01 nne wn 1541t:0is -purpose; too mine, groCo. D. ) C.A O
andtlberchamols Wlrh teak IhbBar ths Ie1 aaroet ole. -it.' r'cu
ft-'s mira nhes ongs cut full sabi esu. FlnoU I.a 9,n 3003 I.d 5l; o&re.s,
elaborately embroidered with C.k I CndaCny AoGoo.
eilmngttllustaated. Trmmed all around with extrafe Men'sMackintos -ih up t,, :








308 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLWBIDBANA. Mr. Ek. H. Gato, the prealdcnt if tile
SE. 11. Gato Cigar Company, arrived
probably tmor ae produce has been from New York Tuesday afternoon on
shipped from Sanibe Island the p res- on the Plant steamer Mascotte. He
taUt oua1 thllan any other lihe asca in will endeavor to adjust the differences
the State. Tomato shipmentls began between the workmel anld manage'
there in the latter part of October and ment of the factory. Since Wednesday
have continued more or less tip to the last the cigarmakers have been out on
present t:Ce, andl still vegetables are a strike and all efforts to reach an
going forward. In the past week the agreement have failed. It is believed
watermelon crop has begun to move, by the strikers, that Mr. Gato will
and this will last a month of six weeks agree to their demands and that the
longer, so that the shipping season factory will open its doors on Monday.
will have lasted over eight months. -Key West Inter-Ocean.
The vegetable crop will reach 75,000 The farmers of Osceola county are
crates, while the watermeon yield will enjoying a period of prosperity, with
add many car loads to this.-Ft. Myers even brighter prospects ahead. Large
Press. shipments of vegetables are going for-
We were on Friday presented with ward every day, including Irish pota-
a lot of the handsomest Irish potatoes toes, squash, cikes, tomatoes and cab-
we have seen this year by H. Merwin. bags. The frequent showers are keep-
Mr. Merwin raised them on a vacant ing the grass in fine condition, and tlhe
lot near his stable in the city. From cattle fattening rapidly. The orange
twelve bushels of seed he gathered six- crop is assured for this year, with an
(y barrels.-Palatka Advertiser. estimate of probably one-third of A tull
The McIntosh Cassava Company was crop. The shipments of catfish.
incorporated last week with a capital dressed. from this point have been of
of $20,000. Its operations will be in large proportions, bringing into Kis-
Marion county, growing and manufat-- simmee thousands of dollars from oth-
turing agricultural products, buying er States. It Is a new resource that
and selling live stock, real estate, etc. promises much for the future.-Kissim-
One of the largest and best real es- mee correspondent T.-U. & C.
tate transfers that has been made in The celebration of the opening of the
St. Petersburg for some time, has just Jeaboard Air IAne Railway and the ar-
been consummated in the purchase of rival of the first train from Tampa at
the Coxe grove, just west of town, by Richmond, Va., on the afternoon of
Col. W. L. Ainslie, consideration, $10.- June 2nd will be one of the most elab-
000 cash. orate and extensive affairs in the his-
The preliminary hearing of A. L. tory of the South.-Tampa Times.
Henderson, J. W. Pittman and Robert Park tenderson, eldest son of Gettis
Burns, charged with the murder of R. A. Henderson, and grandson of Hon.
.1. Houth. was concluded Saturday at IV. B. Henderson, was drowned this
Brooksville. Henderson and Pittman morning i a pond nar his father's
was allowed lal in the sum of 1.de property, on the Florida Avenue road,
000 each, ani Burns was remanded just outside of the city. He and a
iack to jail without bond. young friend. Webb Clarke, had gone
Tiher ,fi.iriillX Malis k mn t iul in a ?akiii to Kfuilfr pund hil'ui, 4i w
cently received fifteen thousand dollars while pulling up some lilies tile boat,
in new bank notes. This will materi- a old water-longed afai sun. The
an old water-logged affair, sunk. The
ally Increase the amount of money lit Clarke lad managed ot get hold of a
circulation, provided the bank can loan plank, to which clung until assi-
sonie on good collateral. reached him, but young Heuder-
Mr. J. W. Grant of this place. was ance reached hin, but young Heder-
awakened yesterday morning ly thle so got tangled in the thick growth of
y ofa w~ld at nd atily taki i flagweed and Ipoud lilies that grew
Cey or a wild tat nt ly tl hantly takin Ir cwherc they -e 4 ditId, tand IUUPu, unniv
gun and dog. lie trailed it for soneC
tun and filly etiled t nefor somr. to thesurface at all. Had he been a'le
tie, amnla yo Ied it near a to do so he would t.ave been saved, for
C. Scrimgeour's orange grove, about lie was a good swimmer.-Tampa
mile southwest of town. The cat. Times
which Is the second one Mr. Grant has The Wilson Cypress Co., of Palatka.
kild ltel. we e a t p The Wilson Cypress Co., of Palatka,
killed lately, weighed about 35 pounds. has just closed a deal with the East
--ltsvt AdvocIat. 'lorida I.:ind and Produce Company,
The Carpenters' Union of .ackson- (the English Company) for 4,000 acres
ville have g ven notice to employing of lad in this county, the consider.t-
carpenters tihat on and after June 1. tion being about $19,000. The pur-
1l00, they will demand $2 and $2.50 per dhasers will immediately take posses-
day wages. and will not patronize ah sion of the property and will utilize the
him. corporation. or cnvern whic timber for manufacturing purposes.
does not employ Union labor. The deed conveying this property was
SIX ear lotd:1 of c(,tle arrived :: 31 Illed for record to-day and when re-
anmi on Saturday morn:ung from Fort corded the last chapter In the history
Pierce, en route to Cuba. The cattle of the English Company will have been
were shipped by Morgan & Alderman. written. All our readers remember
and this is the first installment of 5,000 the immense business conducted by
hi-ad which they will ship to Cuba via this concern at Neoga and other plm.esi
Miaim!. Mr. Morgan was in Titusville and the failure of the company only
on Friday anl Saturday last.-Titus- a few years ago. This block of land
ville Advocate. is the last asset of the old company,
At 2 a. m1. on Monday morning Sher- and its sale closes the eventful carit.
Ifl Prevatt accompanied by City Mar- of the "English Company" in St. Jolim.
shal McPhat'er left town, and at day- county.-St. Augustine Record.
light arrived near the Padgett place at The Tampa Tailoring and Shirt Mak-
Sunnyside, where they arrested two ing Company is the latest new enter-
yOnuag in, ier; hrtl and 9sr -ryp Itrinerl to organirc in thin rity, Mobnini
son, for leaving a still in their posses- was made of the movement to form
s:on. At the time of their arrest the such a company a few days ago. an1.
two brothers were asleep, but the still thanks to the energetic efforts of Mr.
h1ad not finished dripping and d or 7 J. I. Cooley, It is now an assured sue-
gallons of spirit was found under the cess. The Tribune publishes the arti-
drip. The boiler was a large 100 gallon cle of incorporation this morning. The
iron barrel and the capacity of the still company will begin operations with a
would be about 20 gallons a day. The capital of $5,000, which will be in-
different parts with their product were creasd as occasion demands. In addl-
brought into lown on Tuesday by John tton to a compete tailoring establish-
Pherigo our U. S. marshal.-Kissinimee ment, the nmanufncture of shirts v ill
S?1."P b -sr nsnsljlmi Tamwns Triknts,
Mrs. Kate Weeks, who lost her rea- .1. I. nmith, woodman at Monroe-s
MH, through grieving over the long ah- turpentine farm. twenty miles north of
sence of her husband in Cuba, an ac- Lake City. and hii brother D. L. Sni;tri,
count of whose wanderings with her were shot And killed by C. R. Mlun.
little girl has already appeared in this All the parties are white. lMunrn
column, became so wild and uncontrol- elaimied incorrect time statements, and
able Tuesday that she had to be re- swore to kill the Smiths. He put his
moved from St. Anthony's hospital to threat into execution. J. L. Smith was
the county jail for safe keeping. She killed Instantly, and D. L. Smithi is dy-
and her little girl were put in a cell t*.- ing.
nether. At 3 o'clock this morning the Joe T. Sym.,us yesterday prsrent.-
jailer was awakened by the screams of his friend (olonel Claybrook, wiih ;bhe
th child. On reaching the cell he found largest owl ever seen in this section.
that the mother had become a raving The bird is of the Gyastlcus Nonenti-
manlae and was endeavoring to kill the cus species, found only in South Afri-
child, which he took away from her ca, aul was sent Mr. Symons by an
just In time to save Its life.-Pensacola old friend who is in Lord Roberts' ar-
Newsl my on- the banks of the Rhenoster riv-


To heEas

via All Nall



To ThWEST




S-East


win Mi mnrllil|


THE ATLANTIC ( OA-T LINE, via Charles on,
Richmond and Washington.
TH IIF ,ITTIIERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co-
lumbia and Washington.

The -outhern R'y via Jesup, Allanta and Chattan'ga.
The Louis\ ille & Nashville via Montgomery.
The "oul hern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Asheville.
The Mobile & Ohio It. I via Montgomery.

Vi:i Savaninal anld Ocean Steamship Co for New
York, Philadelphia and Boason.

Via savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta-
tion Company for Baltimore.


To KEY WEST Via PORT TAMPA and
MND
-nPVAN PLANT STEAISHlIP LINE.
NOVA SCOTIAN
NOVA SCOTIA, \i, Il,,sIt0o aind CANAIDA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
CAPE BRETON & STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawketbury
PRINCE EDWARDS and Charlottestown.
ISLAND....


Summer Excursion Tickets
to all Summer Resorts will b e placed on sale June 1st.
The pLANT SYSTEM Is the only Line Iro-n Florida with Throughi Sleplg Car
Service to the Sommer Revert of
WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA and
THE MOUNTAINS OF VIRGINIA.

For information :is to rates, sleeping-car service, reservations. etc., write to
F. M. .OLLY, Div islon Passenger Agent.
13S Wet l'iay Street. Aster Block, Jacksonville, Florida.
STUART R. KNOTT, Vice-President, W. B: DENHAM, Gen. Supt..
Savannah, Ga. Savannah, (a.
It. W. WRENN, Passenger TrafHc Manager. Savannah. (eorgia.

er. The size of the bird is its chief pe- pines will be nearly all shipped with-
culiarity, as it weighs 103 pounds, and in the next ten days or two weae-.
measures five fP(t throe inches from Pensacola is just now taking a live-
tip to tip of it wings. Colonel Clay ly interest In yachting, an I the PIenal-
blook took the little pet to his room cola Yacht Club, organized a year ago,
last night, and was forced, himself to has received new impetus.
sleep in the hallway.Tampa Tribune. Pensacola's Carnival Association has
On Wednesday morning a small col- completed plans for a grand 4th of Ju-
ored boy saw an alligator about four ly picnic. A unique torch light proces-
feet long. in Lake Lucerne, chase a sion will precede it on the night of the
large trout up to the bank and on go- 3d, and cheap excursions will be run
ing to the place found the 'gator had from Montgomery, Molille, River June-
bitten off the tall. He secured the oth- tion and other places.
er part and brought it to town, and, on Seven tough negroes of Tampa, are
weighing it found what was left tip- under arrest for the brutal murder of
ped the scales at eleven pounds.-Or- a half-witted negro companion, which
lindtu tientlnrl-lIcoarter, was done on Monday while the crowd
Mr. Deffenbach has proved that rye was returning on a street ca from a
will do as well in Florida as in any picnic. Knives, sticks, brass knucks
other State. He had two beds of it, and other weapons were used in the
which for productiveness would com- foul deed, the details of which are re-
pare favorably with any crop grown In voting.
the country. Some of it he has left to
ripen, and the ears are very full and CATARRH CANNOT BE CURED.
plump.-Kissinnuee valley-Gazefte. with LOCAL APPLICATIONS. as
A d:miiage suit has been commenced they cannot reach the seat of the dis-
against Phil and Nettie Peters by the case. Catarrh is a blood or constitu-
guardian of Willie Rawley, C. Moreno tional disease, and in order to cure it
Jian-nC nlttR 'Iry fOr bt phnintif. to re- you mlnrt take the internal remedies.
cover $2,000 damages for the d8{idelnt HIallR viatarr a' ure is :a-kr iniitiF~l-
which occurred in the tent of the Pe- ly, and acts directly on the blood and
ters Comneny Co., the first night they mucous surfaces. Hall's Catarrh Cure
opened their present engagement by the is not a quack-medicine. It was pre-
falling of the seat, from which the scribed by one of the best physicians
plaintiff sustained a broken leg. This in this country for years, and is a reg-
suit promises to be an Interesting one, ular prescription. It is composed of
and the public will watch its progress the best tonics known, combined with
with a great deal of interest.--Pensa- the best blood purifiers, acting direct-
cola Press. ly on the mucous surfaces. The per-
The largest shipment of pineapples feet combination of the two ingredi-
ever made from Miami in one day was ents is what produces wonderful re-
made last Saturday. One car was ship- suits in curing Catarrh. Send for tea-
ped to Boston, three cars to Chicago, tinonials free.
two cars to Philadelphia, one car to F. J. CHENEY & CO.,
New York, one car to Cincinnati, and O Proprs., Toledo, Ohio.
one car scattering consignments. In Sold by all druggists, price i5c.
case the weather clears up, the key Hall's Family Pills are the best.


PLANT 5YSTEn,

The Great Througn Car Line From Florida.

CONNECTIONS.








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 3cT


WITH = JOX K, violation of school rules, the prmadpat, a
woman, told 'him to ask his father to call
at tlhe school. Next day the boy ap-
A N UNI9POKM HINT. peared with a rather seedy looking cme
S:nlig tI *r L -S- wham h tIntrlducped as ill fattie. TIh
clane te 0u it1t1 bemy pWNO' hted of the school and visitor had a talk
alty. "I'ma never going to tave anything and the latter promised to do all in his
to do with him." power to make the boy see the error of
"VWht has he been saying to your his ways. Some days later the boy was
"N'ot ht n." overheard saying to some of has coan-
"Wh-*e h" 1 2 f. g am gffl '-- rs r Q'mn I "Il lso a BWa J N as O MIs
Onaca.- Rl-aiN I introduced a bum as me father
"Nothing. Every time I start to tell and she never caught on."
him a funny story he looks up at the "Wasn't that man your father?' asked
clock. -WashlaM t a Star. one of the listeners.
I "Nope," was the answer. "He wsa me
ON THE RIALTO. friend."-Brooklyn Eagle.
First Actor (muti elated--4dd you see
what the critic of The Planet sald-Atlit PRELIMTNARY INSTRUOTIONIB.
suth acting as mine ias seldom been McJtgger-Has Prudents bought hls au-
seen? tomdbile yet?
anioma DptR-i~LaUlh&Mly tW1 Ii W l Thingunrtool-No: ,iie tasnr ntned ats
The )aygleam says, only it does not go course of instruction wfth Professor
quite so far. The Day~leBt man says Philip Flopp yet.
it was the worst te ever saw.-Dostot McJbgger--h, he's teedhing him how to
Trancript. run one, eh?
Thingumbob-No, indeed. He teaches
THE PENDULUM ALONE OUT OF OR- acrobatics.-Philadelphia Press.
DER.
An Onion Creek (rex.) darky visited the TN THAT LINE.
es tabilefment of an Austin Jeweler. Manhattan-There are some frieehds of
"1 wish. boss, you would regulate din mine just around the corner who live In
heah poaj lum." thelr studio and serve the most delightful
"How can I regulao the pendulum with- little luncheons. They are interior decor-
out the rest of the clock' -tors.
"Dars ntffin de Anmlter wid de rest ob Provincial-Well, th't Is about in my
de irards ob de clock, so I Jew leff 'em Hne at this particulr time of day.-
at 'home. Jess you lix up de penjultm. Type.-
Ef der pendulum goes all right, de rest
ot de clock guoe all rjt, too. I know
dat much, even f I isn't had no book THE CRAFTY WIDOW.
larmln "--r'omra fltin Phil Oai4tE--Every womun belloc-r
that t!he proper age at whdih to mai ry is
tbhe ale at which she married.
TOOK IT A'WAY FROM 'HE JURY. Sinmicus--Yes. unless she hai.pern: be
There are any number of stories to be a widow. Then she protests that she wa,-
printed about Jd ge Caldwell. but here Is tIo younz at her first marrlage.-Philu-
,one that Is said to be typical: He was delr.hia Press.
hearing an argument whereby an a tor-
,vey for sn insurance company was at-
tempting to evade payment of insurance A DISAPPOINTMENA.
on a purely technical ground. Judge Cald- Mrs. Struckile-iDid you meet -.he queen
well interrupted him. "Let me under- While you were abroad, Mrs. McShoddle?
stand you, Brother Todd," he saId to the Mrs. McShoddle--No, I didn't, and I was
attorney. "Thle police w'as Issued?" real sorry, too. I wanted to get her re-
"Yes," was the reDly. celpt'f or English plum uDudling.-New
"And the premium weRo paid?" Tori Woeetly.
"Yes."
"Al it was not set on re?" APPRECIATIVE.
'"No." APPRECIATIVE.
"Brother Todd" said Judge CiMwel., "I suppose you think I insist on having
my own way "a great detal" said Mr.
you vca sit down. T jury will return Meekton's wife in a father relenting
a verdict for he plaittiff."-Indlanapols tone.
sun..... ..


DIPLOMACY IN THI PULPIT.
"Jes' one word" said Uncle Remus from
the pulpit as the collection was about to
be -taken; "dar's been a mISgty eight ob
ohtcken steal' bout here lately. Nbw,
don't any you nigars dait help steal dean
chickens put nun fin de lehtion box.
I'ze not going hab any you 'sagacmi de
good Lawd dat way. nohow."--Harper's
Bazar.

A FATHER TO BE APPRECIATEDD.
Teacher-I called to ee you, air, about
your son's schooling and amn sorry to say
that he is behind in his studies.
Parent-That's an right. If he wasn't
behind, how could he pursue themt?-Boa-
ton Courier.

Timi noY-a -aRtI-ID."
A boy having been taken to rtak for




SCOTT'S'



EMULSION

OF COD-LIVR OIL WITH
HYPOPHOSmsuTJsS

should ailw ys b kept-in
the house for the fol-
lowing reasons:

FMITg- Because, If any member
4 of the family has a hard old. It
will cure it.
JS OOU --Because. If the chil-
Ijren are delicate and sickly, It will
make them strong and well.
7N1 9-Because, if the father or
mother is losing flesh and becom-
ing thin and emaciated, it will build
.hem up and give them flesh and
atrongth
FOURTH Because it is the
standard remedy in all throat and
lung affections.
No household should be without It.
It can be taken in summer as well
as in winter.
5 ..:(. and 6' o, al druggists
SCOTT a n OWNE imsm, New Vord


"f course, I do. Henrietta. You would
not be doing your duty by me otherwise.
You might itt me make some mistakes."
-Washington Star.

ITHE FAMILY ENPTRANOE.
"Al," the poet shed, "we have no
longer the wayside iln--"
His fricli i, o.'1 : ., him. "But tilt
side way amounts 1-. *v:c same thing," he
said.-N'ew York C mm: -ial Advertiser.


Florida East Coast Ry.
TiME TABIAd No. xk. IN Elirrur APRIL i. w a.


SBOTH BOUND (Bead Down


~7-


(fleA~e NOU* y UN.


6 40J 12W ou


720D" L?'~ti fSf *"" *


. .......... .
.... ..... ..




........ n..



A ............ M it.. ... ,
Sbe
**....~o


Buffett Parlor Oars TtMje 1 ,
Between New Emyrna s Oraell n
City Junction. B. Tit ll f
Nu.3 iNo.l I STATIONS. le.4.. 11
. pmylurnLv .w bm m 6 r
1inpii. Ia .ke elen.L 7
2.(.1 rage Ulty.. "Vf 449P .. 8
i ,-'ii2 1 i Ar O A11 rRi i- ir..en New Smyrna and Orange 1 A''i f-*
Ci y Jom, i n daily except Sunday. All tra as between TitustIlle sd
Fetweeu Jac'villeandPabloBeaoh. --3dil exspt 1nd57.
___ n iteiL6T BAA~the times shJ l
No.17 No 15 STAT:ONS. No.l16 N8 N troa 1 bSez toB y l
-;inrl.r Ioosl -uT depart Un. the s,
S. their arrival or dai
7 ~p lu., _1 aiN Feae+h. LvI 7S 4WpO st t.t ot as 'a
All trains l., e, ee .ackksonvilie and Pablo pnay holdit rsoi l a i oy
-____ '--l..6 v i .x r.ipt tunday. any culn aunme al iAog
For coi, (It ,,.;1-3, t11W 'ard eall on Tioket Agents, or addUSe
J.. P. BIt 'KWITH. Traffic Manager. tJ. D. BAN A. A A
St. Augustine.
STEAMSHIP LINES.

Florida East Const SteamP hin Cn


I






I
I


I




Id


TOO BUSY. --W G iw aa5
"You said you had no opinions about PROPOSED SAIINGSJ M
the guilt or innocence of the prisoner," BETWEEN fIAMI AND KEY WEST.
said the -friend.
"I know it," said the man who bad been Leave Miami ,undn-, Tuesdays, Wednesdas
to court.rrive K" Wet t, Wednesda ysT d Sd ...........................U.0d .
"tout you had already expressed opin- A nesve :..Wnesdys Th day.................. p
ions to me." Leave Ky We: Thursdays and Sundays................................ ..........,,. P100p. a
"I had. But t he opinion I was forming Arrive Mliani Fiidaiysa;. ,t Mondays.............................. ...... ........... BiS. Mt.
nit me l iwirer wrn aulkod mo all tM$94
hard questions was gettirg to be an nu- BETWEEN MIArll AND HAVANA.
merous and intense that there was no A
roon for any others Just then."-Wash- SOUTHBOUND STEAMERS TOUCH AT KEY WEST; NORTHBOUND AIL
lngton Star. DIRECT, HAVANA TO MIAMI

AUTOMOBILES IN BOSTON. Leave Miami Sun i ys ant Wednesdays............................................ a.
I heard two newsboys talking in the Arrive Havana Tut sand Fridays....................................... .......... ......... s
shelter of the Back Bay station. Leave Havana l'ui:ai;, and Fridays... ............................ ........... .. 1100. si.
"Look aat that guy on the Motor Bill," Arrive aLiLi:l Weaine;.ay.saudBturdays........................................ .... 5i00. m
carrare Mn.a iat s pasting. nwill hn i i is ina: atention i ll rurtunoan 9aaut ItUtMl oala- to have their ad"
"*MotOr Bill,'" exclaimed the other follow iuiar auudule as advertise. the line reser the right at all Stes to withdraw
boy conTtexnrntuously, 'tain't no Motor their shipsor change their sailing days without noti, ed to substitute any steamer when
Bill; It's a Otter Mow Bill." necessary; nor will the line hold tlaeit responsible for any detention of its steamers or 4elay
Both boys placed the emphasis very 1"in d" aue
strongly on the word "Bill." No doubt
the second boy Was more highly educated
than the first, lbut I like that term "mo- S-Ni -UiI U ta ~. iOiILLAR
tor bill" very much, and I think I shall
use it hereafter myself.-Boston Trans- cutIathieo. lls. aI dAetoa O A.I. d.UU ..i i -l.it. By. .sawe h
Script. liFOVD ACRE QUEEN' PAkLUO ORKIU, byfeightC. 0. ., betlt
epaso ali.U. You can examine i* at yournearest freight depot.
and if you fid it exactly as represented, equal to organs that
TOMMY's SPEECH. retail at *5. 00 teo lO.0O0 the greatest vale youeversaw and
ivsa Q'IS SP tfar better than organs adv-ertised by others at more money. a
sec (wluo fha Jhost Deai ASMI to play f&ii.insf 'fieit o' mipeeI if 90 jo,.' e., se'; 1.7&t
somethlnm on the piano)-I really can't less th., .. or i30.4, a:d tretehtchar. ges.
py, say, ue, why don't you $31.75 K OUR SPECiAL 90 DAYS' PRICE -.ew a"
enmy-~ut, I say, Sue, why don't you riUR PRIE
play that piece you spoke to me about? d by herl. Saek an offer wasu ever made before.
Sue What piece? TH. A.CME U LEN is one o theseot DUOAlBiaI D SWTVePT
Tommy-Why ,that one you told me to rU.uistruaa.~C everBalde. From the illustration hown, which
ask you ,to play when we had cownpamy icauvdifrc a tfroiaaii se ofrphy iducan rm sme ldeti ts
I cuap lsn 6autiifal appeaa.ncea.d Quarte sawed
cause you knew it betltern'n any of the 0,aklntiq enii-h, hand.omelg decratedaiernaaenI I
others. I forge e f~he name. atast 1si estiCe TlHE AdfE ltEE iS t.feetODlnches lgh
Then Tommy was sent to bed.-Kansas Il inches long, b inches wide and weighs 3a0pounds. on.
Oity Independent. tai5nsoct el, sltE CsKI. as follows:. BiapFri.L4
ouldnas, jantlia, Cetebte, C-et..% 1 .pler, he
-- - plr, sapo.. Fonrt ad V.t ..ala; Ot 0 t!am
Iaswell, ITos sadr61 Grand ell, 1et. ,e annTe&se
BORN TO DOMINATE. rea ipe ql~rty See, 1 et e i aSrest w i 8 se
"Mrs. Crowder has been president of dt I roI eth a a sly Iat Cleste ed4, ite
your clrb a long time." M MeLron, 1 iSeed. D TlE ACE gLr'EENs Ie
"Yes; none of us could call her to or- tiononelrtofthe celebrated-eUl.ReedwhicEaroney
der, so we decided we miihit as well let jsed in the highe-tggrade instrument, ftted with Sm
her regulate the rest of us."-Ohicago need topoS s.d vox n 81atl, also bet Dolge fet,
Record. :eathes etc., bellows of -the best rubber clota, SJl
ecord. 'ellow stoek and finest leather in valves. IM%
ACME qUEEN is furIshed with a l xI* beveled
A BIX)(V TO SUPERSTITION. plate French mirror, nickel plated pedal
A BIOW TO flUPERSTITIOm and every modern improvement. IW rash a-
"Mtimin 'a mi rt cot am nal in one miaslMaslMNmani ~lstsamillnmass m
athiub." hGeUARANTEEiD 25 YEARS. 'rBeSHt EARS.-
"Goodness. Did't e ve his left hid issue a written binding Sob-year guarantee b the
leg with him ?"--Inddanagpolis Journal. terms and conditions of hih if any part gives out
we repair it re ocrge. Try it onemonth nd
% wi n refnud our money if you are not perfecl r
THE TROUBLE. mallted. 51e o these oran I ill be sold At I. 1B
O61o]zali AT ONCE. DoN'T DELAY.
"I wtnt you to tell me plainly, doctor." JRELIABILITYIS ESTABLISHED If EO
said the men with the fat govern nt
position, "what Is t1he matter wth me." not de.~ .witl us askyour neighbor abont us. wr
"Well, sir." answered the old doctor, Lhepu~blu'her ofthis paperor metropolitan National .
"eiawenor m Exchange N k Bank, ChIcago, or German ExchangebankNow York; orasy ralroad orexpres
leaning het in his dhcalr and looking at capany in "hieew. e t"e a capitsalt or Siee,e, ecuanyesatIre w te arest a" sineS boere i
Ms beefy. rid faced patient, "you are sut- Chiaeago, ano 'mploy nearly .0 0peoplena our own beikldng. WSia&aeanUnLaM e at ie s rd o;t No% $115.06
reraingifon underwork and overpay."- lso..-rything in musical instrumeltsat lowest whole price. Write for fre special organS piao
Caagoe Tribune. iItriRtiIt0 A Ogu. (A ). RM.h w. Oddres, (a ILl.
SKbhaeo Tribune. & O (41). PF M ea i s es d W m Z, HIMAGO. IL


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mes THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.





I OW TO GET A TON OF FERTILIZE R

SFOR $2.00 .


1o,ooo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST within the next six months.
Every Thirtieth person remitting $2.00 for a year's subscription will be given an order for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired .. ..

HOW TO DO IT.

Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. O. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for (;ne
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
.................. ...... 1oo multiple of 30, as 60, 90, 300, etc., you can order a
flessrs. E. O. PAINTER & CO., ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
Pubs. Florida Ag lculturist, Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
DeU nd, raI ist at the regular price of $2 per year and have one
OGeintlemeu-Plea-e flikd enclosed 92.0 for one year's sub hance in 30 a ton
scription mto h or'da Anfricuillrist to begia yao'c. sub chance in 30 of getting a ton of high grade fertilizer
is understood that should the number of my receipt be 30 beside. This may be YOUR opportunity.
or any multiple of that number, I cAn ord r a ton ot alny
S brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. cars at Jacksonville, Fla., without further expense AI T
to me.
pippin Pot .....................................PAINTER & CO
right )Deput......................................
p. o. Address.............................................. Publishers,
.i.l5-'' "e ritnti..* *o w-h h the erilhr .i to h. .hit.i.drr I a DE LANr O IDA
..p**ptI'pa." aInUUi, ,"I frSC1 t 1 1 3 in s rna.rd r li D LANDS ru-tIoi






A High-Grade Fertilizer

MUST HAVE

QUALITY! REPUTAT IONI


"THEt IDEA T BRANDS--
Wrhb H AV F TH SH S .
"it
I hen why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton 'a.,: ,you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices "
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................ p,.to pe( ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $z.0oo per ton
IDIEAI. BI.OOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE....................3o.oo per ton SPECIAL. MIXTURE No. ................ 28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANl'RE..........$30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER... .................$2o.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTILIZER COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Pig' Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $ 17.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer. $44.00 per ton.