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Vol. XXVII, No. 22. Whole No. 1374. DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, May 30, 1900. $2 per Annum, in Advance
For the Florida Agriculturist.
The Protection Problem.
It is indeed a pleasure to note the
unabating and increasing interest in
That it will pay, not only in furnish-
ing table luxuries, but in dollars and
cents is an undisputed fact; but the
problem of cost is still unsolved by
many who are anxious to grow citrus
It is generally believed that only
those with considerable means at com-
mand can protect a desirable number
of trees. 'It really costs a small fortune
to, a poor'man to cover one acre of
trees to a bearing age.
There are many too, who lost their
all in the big freeze, who have not the
money now for experiment, but are
more anxious than ever for an orange
There are the sceptical, too, who
would try a few trees if it did not cost
so much. Mr. A. McGregor of Mel-
yea, Fla., says he has studied the sub-
v Ver y W W .ea gIs well con-
i" aeed that eltrtl may be pro-
teeted from cold at much less cost
than most people believe and that the
tent is the most practical thing for the
purpose. Observation ana experience
together have enabled him to construct
an ideal tent.
It is square in shape with a pointed
roof and is both light and strong. But
the most pleasing feature is the low
price at which he can manufacture it.
Mr. McGregor says he will in a few
days be able to quote prices with full
particulars. From what I have seen
of this tent, I judge it to be the most
practical thing yet introduced.
M. H. M.
For the Florida Agriculturist.
This plant was grown in India long
before Avon Park was planted upon
the map of Florida, and we are fortu-
nate indeed to have it now growing in
Avon Park, though by transformation
of a letter it is called "sorelle"-Ja-
maica Sollelle-a sorry substitute
for euphonious "roselle," while all
agree that it deserves the best of
Roselle can be depended upon to
makes the best of its situation. Leave
it in a corner totally neglected, choked
with grass and weeds, it grows a few
inches high tipped with a single bud,
while with a little attention it makes
a goou sied bush; but plant in mcloti
sandy soil in June, with no neighbors
nearer than 12 feet. Scatter a pound
of fruit and vine fertilizer wide about
it, give it frequent shallow cultivation,
and it is interesting to observe its rapid
growth week after week. In October
it will be six to ten feet high and twen-
ty to thirty feet in circumference. A
pleasing sight at all times, but espe-
cially so In November with its bright
red branches and bUds covered with
hundreds of cream white, crimson
blossoms as large as a silver dollar.
The chief interest in rosells is that it
is food for the hungry, and drink for
the thirsty. Its praises have been sung
in every home in Avon Park, and the
writer, who has been engaged for the
past three years in distributing re-
selle seeds and plants throughout the
State, has heard nothing but a good
report from them.
The first use of roselle is for greens,
of which it makes the bery best. Sow
the seed thickly in rich soil "All Fools'
Day" or any other day until Septem-
ber, give it partial shade and plenty of
water. If you don't like greens give
the hens a chance and they will take
every leaf. The buds are forming the
last of October and before blooming
make excellent sauce. In November
the blossoms appear new every morn-
ing and drop next day, leaving the
seed capsule and the fleshy calyxes or
whorl of leaves that surround it to de-
velop rapidly. These last are used for
food, and the seed capsules thrown
The calyxes are used for sauce and
salad, pies, pickles, and tarts, marma-
lade and butter, jam and jelly, wine
and vinegar; also mixed with other
fruits with good results. A hot water
infusion makes a delicious beverage,
and a sour wine, resembling claret is
made for a few cents per gallon.
Thirty days after blooming the ca-
lyxes should be picked and exposed to
the sun three days. after this they will
keep indefinitely and can be used for
all purposes as before. These dried
roselles have a commercial value, and
are quoted at one dollar a pound in
The State of Florida is favorably
situated for supplying the whole coun-
try with Roselle, and can profitably
use immense quantities at home. Our
State Department of Agriculture, Hor-
ticultural Society and Experimental
Stations have given much attention to
the culture of citrus fruits, pineapples,
tobacco and cassava. Now let them
take under consideration a crop that
may prove no less valuable to all the
people for every man or woman that
has any land can grow "Roselle."
Roselle is quite sensitive to cold and
frost, but a partial crop at least may
be had in every county, and some years
a full crop. The writer does not as-
sume to know all about roselle, but
submits these few items from person-
al experience, hoping that it may in-
terest and benefit the people.
E. E. Thompson.
Avon Park, Fla.
Money in Broomoorn.
Broomcorn is a special crop grown
largely in Kansas, and other Southern
Btat6S. It iS 01 6t tig l it rrSt5lPrlhi
of corn products, and the demand has
increased so much in the past few
years as to make the prices rate very
high. The top or brush portion sells
ordinarily at from $60 to $85 a ton,
but last year an unusual demand rais-
ed the price to $200 per ton. The com-
mon corn lands of the South produce
one half to one ton of marketable tops
per acre. The seed is fed to hogs,
poultry ana stook with good profit, and
the stalks are used for such purposes
as covering sheds, filling trenches, fer-
tilizing the lands and feeding the stock
during the winter months. In appear-
ance broomcorn resembles the non-
saccharine sorghums, and might be
taken for real old sorghum, when
standing in the field. By thorough cul-
tivation and fertilization of the land
the crop may be made to yield one ton
or more to the acre, which would be a
very profitable plant, in sections where
it can be grown.
Any good corn land will produce sat-
isfactory crops of broomcorn. The
land should be plowed in the fall or
winter, and put in good shape for
planting about the first of April. The
corn is a very heavy feeder and takes
up much food. The agricultural Ex-
periment Stations of Massachusetts
recommend for corn, where the soil is
a light gravelly loam, actual potash, 80
pounds, phosphoric acid 30 pounds,
and nitrogen 20 pounds per acre, as this
quantity of each is taken annually
from an acre. To furnish this would
require 160 pounds muriate of potash.
250 pounds acid phosphate or bone
meal and 150 pounds of nitrate of soda,
good average fertilizer per acre for
There are different varieties of
broomcorn but the Evergreen and Gold-
en are those generally plDated. Seed
imay be had from reliable dealers, at
about 15 cents per pound. It should
be sown in drills, about three feet
apart, at the rate of three to five
pounds to the acre. If the soil is very
rich loam, and well fertilized, plants
may stand three inches apart in the
row, but ordinarily a better crop is
obtained by thinning to four to six
Inches. Cultivation is practically the
same as that given corn, and should
be thorough to eradicate all weeds, es-
pecially when the plants are young.
The best selling broomicorn is that
which is cut when the seed is in the
milk, the straws are somewhat green.
This may be noticed as the seed tops
beg.n to turn red. The stalks are cut
at the ground, or merely topped and
left standing. There is no use of leav-
ing much of the stalk on the brush
when cut, as the usual length for mar-
ket is about sixteen inches from tip to
The seed may be scrape from the
bush by hand, using home-made hack-
les, made by driving nails thickly
through a board and turning this up-
side down on a bench, after the old
flax-hackle style. Some use a hand
axe and chop off the principal part of
the seed top, then scrape out the re-
maining seed by different processes.
After the brush has been cleaned it is
bailed and tied in bundles, and ship-
ped to the broomcorn centers. The
SiSall li^#q ame ausd tor making
whisk-brooms and the larger are made
into the house or barn sweepers, so
necesAary in every household. The
green-colored straw makes the best
brooms, and therefore command the
best prices. Yellow, or Golden corn
sells well, but the red, stiff tops are
SWhere broomcorn can be grown there
should be local broonl factories for util-
izing tre home product. Thin would
create a demand for the corn, furnishes
a field for the investment of capitol
and labor, and diversify both products
and labor. In olden times every far-
mer was a mechanic in broom-making
and most all families produced the corn
from which the brooms were made.
The people would certainly be better
in many respects if this plan was
adopted to-day, and in no field is there
a better opening than in the growing
of broomcorn and the manufacturing
of brooms. There is money in growing
the corn even though it must be ship-
ped some distance for market, but
there is more profit in building up
home factories and supplying the trade
with first-class brooms.-Joel Sho-
maker in Southern Cultivator.
A Great Florida Industry.
For the past two years, since we
have lived in Jacksonville, we have
had fresh tomatoes to slice every week
in the year --could have had every
day, if desired-all grown in Florida.
The tomato crop is the nearest succes-
sor to the orange, the output running
well up toward a million crates, netting
the growers over a million dollars.
Many Southerners believe that the pep-
per, eaten green, is prophylactic against
malaria; but I think that the almost
universal consumption of tomatoes, In
towns and vilages at "t, b"a bA ,
more Inflmence than t p
bringing about the abatement of mala-
ria, which has been observed of late
Some of the finest tomatoes of the
State are produced on the keys, quite
down to Key West, where there is a
mere skin of soil an inch or two thick
covering the coral rdck, and the plants
are set out without any plowing or pre-
vious preparation, here and there in
pot-holes. The mineral elements in the
soil, especially lime and phosphate,
give the fruit a fine flavor and a high
color, though it is small on account
of the shallowness and dryness of the
The soils on the west coast of the
peninsular are richer than those on the
east coast, and the climate is more
humid owing to the winds blowing off
the (Gulf; hence tomatoes o this coast
grow larger than on the east coast, but
are more subject to rot. The east coast
soils have a high percentage of sand,
and the tomatoes produced there are
rather higher flavored, smaller and
firmer, and better shippers. So sandy
in the soil that many growers believe
they cannot raise tomatoes at all with-
out manure, and stable manure, has
been brought in there by schoonerloads
and trainloads from Key West and
Jacksonville. Other growers, however,
depend entirely on commercial fertili-
zers and claim that they can tell to a .
Aquar- spo wSnae stabil manupe nas
been used and where commercial ferti-
lizers, by the blight which prevails in
the manured fields. I do not pretend
to decide this dispute so far as the
blight is concerned, but one thing is
certain, there is no crop in
Florida but what does better
in a general way, other things
being equal, on commercial fertilzers,
than on animal manures or organic ni-
trogen compounds. Another fact In ali
so yet evident, that tomato blight is
more prevalent and destructive on the
thin, sandy soils of the east coast than
on the more loamy soils of the west
coast, where it is attributable to the
use of stable manure or not. But the
growers on the east coast are more in-
telligent and progressive; they raise
386 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
more tomatoes and make more money;
out of them than their rivals of th
With this tomato, as with the water
melon, it is found beat to shift th
planting around from field to field
cropping fresh land every year, in orde
to give the blight spores the slip. Ther
are some districts in Florida that havi
become so infested with these spore
that tomato culture has been aband
cned for the time being. A steady, lib
eral application of ashes helps to hol
these spores in check.
Except on the highest and dries
sandridges, it is difficult to keep toma
to plants in bearing through the mid
summer rainy season; the alteration
of hot sunshine and heavy rain
cause both fruits and pftnts to scald
I have picked them in fair condition
through July and August by having
single row on the north side of a board
fence covered with a rude arbor ol
pine boughs. Another plan is to ditct
two feet deep, sloping toward one end
throw in poles and pine straw, covei
these with a foot or so of earth, and
plant the tomatoes directly over th<
ditch. They are occasionally growl
and fruited to some extent undei
sheds such as pineapple growers use
a half-shade, that is, three-inch slats
alternating with three-inch spaces
Still, they are scarce and high in mid.
summer, and a good gardener could
make money growing tomatoes undei
a light cover for the markets of Jack
The constituents of the fertilizer used
are fully as important as the matter
of cover. A fertilizer containing too
much organic nitrogen will develop .a
soft, spongy fruit, having hollow spaces
in the interior and liable to scald. Less
nitrogen, and that obtained from in-
organic materials, with an increased
percentage of potash and phosphoric
acid, will give a firmer, better-flavored
fruit and a stouter plant, less sprawl-
ing, and both of them more resistant
to the sun and rain, or steam from the
ground.-Letter in Country Gentle-
Kow to Apply Manure.
We have experimented much in ap-
plying manure and have fully decided
that there Is no time when it has so
much of the fertilizing elements as
when it comes fresh from the stable
and that while every time it is
handled expense is added, some of its
value is lost. I would not dare to put
manure on land that was to be plant-
ed with potatoes inside a year, as I
am sure raw manure has a tendency
The most profitable use which we
can make of manure is to apply it as
fast as made to clover sod to be put
into corn in the spring. In this way it
stimulates a quick and strong growth
of the clover and every extra inch we
can put on the clover plant before time
to plow for corn fixes many pounds of
atmospheric nitrogen in a shape that
is available for the corn plant. So that
in this way we not only have all the
nitrogen of the manure for the corn
but the extra that has been stored by
the clover. Further the extra amount
of clover put into land carries with it
the moisture of the crop to be held for
the corn during the summer drouth.
This insures a large corn crop. We fol-
low it with potatoes or barley and
then with wheat. Now instead of
waiting until the wheat is off to apply
the manure for the sole benefit of the
Sclover we put the manure on the field
Before sowing the wheat. For this pur-
pose we always keep a lot of manure
in the sheep folds over summer, being
careful to see that it is always kept so
moist as not to burn, and being under
cover but little is wasted. As soon as
barley is on the field it is plowed, the
manure is then drawn and spread,
from six to ten loads per acre, and
worked into the immediate surface soil
not more than two inches deep. This
protects the wheat from winter kill-
ing, insures a certain catch ol clover
and makes a large growth certain.
This seems to me to have many ad-
vantages over any other manure can
be used; being applied directly to two
crops in the rotation it makes certain
much quicker and larger returns than
when applied to one. Our corn is al-
y ways first-class; even in so dry a year
e as 1899 we get a splendid crop. Turn.
ing up the remains of mature and clo-
- ver plowed down for corn gives larger
e crops of potatoes or barley, the manure
I, has become so decomposed as not to
r engender scab, and then top-dressing
e the land when sowing wheat makes a
e certainty of a good wheat crop and a
s fine stand of clover and. the next year
- two big crops of clover, neither of
- which can we afford to plow down
I simply for the manurial value. We
prefer to cut and cure into hay, put
t through the stock with supplemental
- food so as to add much to its manurial
Value. In this way we have no need
n for any commercial fertilizer except
s with the potatoes.-J. S. Woodward in
. National Stockman.
a The Bee Industry in Northern Dade.
The interest you manifest in giving
to your readers every item of news that
will tend to the further development of
our county leads me to send you some
r items that could not be well gathered
even to Mr. Fitts in his hurried vis-
Mr. A. Poppleton is the pioneer here
in bee raising. He began in '91 with 26
colonies, and now has 170. Mr. Pop-
pleton has a large launch and moves
Shis bees to many points, even fifty
miles up the Indian River. In this way
he gets a larger yield of honey. He
Says 60 pounds to the colony is the
poorest yield he has ever had, while he
has received as high as 300 pounds.
SLess than 100 pounds is poor. He ships
his honey to all the larger cities in ce-
oar barrels that cost him $1.25 each.
The honey brings from 50 to 85 cents
per gallon, average about 75 cents.
Mr. Poppleton is authority upon bee
culture, having had several years' ex-
perience in Cuba and Northern States.
He is also a valuable contributor to
several bee papers and magazines. He
recently built a new house near Stuart,
and has around it the finest arbors of
grapes in South Florida, as well as
much other fine fruit.
Nearly across the river Mr. Simmons
has about 100 colonies. Unlike any of
the rest, Mr. Simmons ships his honey
in the comb. This is more trouble, but
ie thinks the better price pays.
Mr. Parks, one mile from Stuart,
has about 50 colonies. He thinks the
business is pleasant and profitable.
Up the North Fork Mr. J. E. Fultz
began with 10 colonies, just after the
big freeze. Now he has 85.
The average in good and poor sea-
sons and at good and better prices is
about $3 per colony. From this must
be deducted the expense of hives and
sippingn, which is considerable. He
adds that where the increase of colo-
nies is not wanted, much larger prof-
its are obtained.
Not far from him Mr. James Win-
ters has about 75 colonies. His prof-
its are about the same as Mr. Fultz's.
Mr. F. says: "I think 50 colonies to
nine square miles are about right in
this section; more than that over-
stocks." This is now the great danger
in this section.
Up the South Fork Mr. Lees has
about 80 colonies, and is increasing as
rapidly as he can; so, of course, he
finds it profitable.
Not far from him Mr. Corton is just
commencing with about' 20 colonies.
Across the St. Lucie, near Rio postof-
fice, Mr. Will Rea is starting with one
From these figures you will see there
are now over 400 colonies in a compara-
tively small area. So I need scarcely
tell you it would be very foolish for
any more to come here and engage in
this business. It is only by the
trouble and expense of moving to dif- f
ferent points that these do well. The !
principal food is the saw palmetto and t
Often the farmer forms a misconcep- o
tion of the value of a fertilizer from p
not thoroughly understanding the t
terms that the fertilizer-man uses in t
his analysis labels. The loose practice h
of using these terms allow the ferti- ii
lizer man to employ the largest figures s
in his guarantee, and since figures nev- ii
er lie, any error that may occur is not d
his, but the farmer's. For instance a
brand that contains 100 pounds of
phosphoric acid to the ton may be
guaranteed to contain 218 pounds of
bone phosphate, which is true; and a
brand that contains 100 pounds of ni-
trogen may be guaranteed to contain
somewhat more than 120 pounds of
ammonia with perfect truth. But here's
the trouble; the figures 218 and 120
look bigger to the farmer than 100,
though in reality they are not, because
they are merely another form of the
It will be useful therefore, for the
farmer to know just how to convert the
figures of any advertised term into an
equivalent that he is better acquainted
with. For example, let us suppose the
case already given; the farmer wants
to know how much phosphoric acid
there is in 218 pounds of bone phos-
phate. He multiplies 218 by .485 and
gets 99.84, almost 100 pounds of phos-
phoric acid. Now he is on his own
By using the following table, and
calculating in the same way, he may
find just what a given brand contains
in the terms he best understands.
To convert ammonia into an equiva-
lent of nitrogen, multiply by .8235.
To convert nitrogen into an equiva-
lent of ammonia, multiply by 1.214.
To convert nitrate of soda (pure) into
a. equivalent of nitrogen, multiply by
To convert bone phosphate into an
equivalent of phosphoric acid, P205,
multiply by .485.
To convert phosphoric acid, P205,
into an equivalent of bone phosphate,
multiply by 2.183.
To convert muriate of potash Into an
equivalent of actual potash, K20, mul-
tiply by .632.
STo convert actual potash, P20, into
ar. equivalent of murlate of potash,
multiply by 1.583.
To convert sulphate potash (pure) in-
to an equivalent of actual potash, K20,
multiply by .54.
To convert actual potash into an
equivalent of sulphate potash, multiply
by l.85.-M. G. Kains in Farm and
Success Vpon the Sarm.
People are apt to consider their ef-
orts as successful in proportion to their
achievements in their chosen line of
work. The person whose chief aim
is the accumulation of property does
I.ot regard his own efforts, or the ef-
forts of other successful unless they
amass a fortune, depending upon
the surroundings for a definition of the
word "fortune." To some people lo-
cated in certain sections a few thous-
and dollars is a fortune, while to
others, differently located and of dif-
ferent experiences a few millions only i
answers the purpose. In the matter
of politics, in the literary world, in
professional matters and in all other
avenues of human effort success means
the attainment of things which are re-
garded as successes when compared
with the same things possessed by
other people working along the same
line. It is this ambition to excel that
has accomplished great things in the
development of a country or in men-
tal and moral advancement of a peo-
The kind of success which we have t
n mind is the success that affects the I
individual the most and gives him, or t
should give him, the greatest satisfac- i
tion and is a success that may be at- 1
ained upon the farm. We refer to the a
ability to live an independent and heal- I
hy life and do good to those with i
whom one comes in contact, entirely s
free from mental worry and anxiety I
)eyond that common to all in regard c
o one's own family. The person who b
gains a high position in financial, poli- d
ical or professional matters is a con- h
tant slave to the interests that have o
given him the pastime. The possession 1l
>f wealth brings untold cares an] the c
possession of influence and power h
rings almost unbearable responsibili- c
ies. The possession of a farm and t
health, with the free open air life and r
independent action, bring to their pos-
essor the only real success to be found s
a life for they bring happiness and in- tj
ependence. Thousands of farmers to- Ii
day are enjoying just these conditions,
and whether they have a dollar in-
vested outside their farm or not ought
to be the happiest people-in the world.
They would be If they knew the annoy-
ances experienced by those whom
they are liable to think of as success-
ful, regarding their own life with dis-
favor. Farmers should disperse any
such false illusions and go about their
duties with an appreciation of their
advantages and with a feeling that
their success is one, comparatively
speaking, devoid of perplexity and
care that send so many people to early
Cheap Farm Telephones.-It is
strange that every farmer does not
connect his home with his neighbor's,
the postoffice, and the grocery store,
when the cheapness of telephones are
considered and their usefulness fairly
comprehended. A writer in the New
York Farmer, says the organizer of a
successful farm telephone service tells
how a simple system can be installed
at a low cost. The first requisite is to
secure at least one man who has suf-
ficient practical knowledge of electri-
city to superintend the work of instal-
lation. Telephones to serve the pur-
pose fairly can be bought for $11 to
$12, wholesale, and an extra quality
can be secured for $15, with two-jar
battery power and with adjustable arm
attached to the transmitter. The cheap-
er instruments will last for years for
farm work; they are easy to handle
and adjust, and carry sound perfect-
ly, provided the battery is kept in
Too many telephones should not be
placed on one circuit, or the talk will
be weak, from the resistance being ex-
cessive. One farm circuit, which runs
a distance of three miles, has ten in-
struments on it. This is about all it
can carry, especially as it is wired with
common No. 12 galvanized wire, which
is liable to rust, and thus involve great-
er resistance to the current.
Copper is being substituted for iron
on some lines which were put up
at the lowest cost. Copper is a better
transmitter of current and does not
Impair the distinctness of the talk by
ccrroslon. The average cost of iron
wire for farm lines is about $7 per
mile, while No. 14, copper, can be had
The poles may measure 6 to 8 inches
at the base and 4 inches at the top
and 23 feet long. They should be put
3 to 4 feet in the ground and 175 feet
apart. Locust poles are very service-
When the instrument has been put
up in the house, and an insulated wire
run out to meet the line outside, ground
connections should be made by putting
copper wire or rod down 4 feet into
damp soil outside, or in the cellar. This
s needed to make the circuit only when
one line of wire is used instead of two.
It is a common practice to start out the
line wire slack from the house to the
first pole near it, so that the vibration
from the main wire will not be brought
into the house, to the annoyance and
disturbance of nervous people.-Mir-
ror and Farmer.
Stock Feeding Experiments.
Since announcement was recently
nade in the columns of your paper of
he completion of the stock feeding ex-
periments conducted at the Experimen-
al Station, so many inquiries for in-
ormation and details of results have
een received that I am convinced that
considerable portion of the people of
Florida have a personal Interest in this
investigation, and deem the results of
uch importance that they desire to be
placed in possession of the facts with-
aut delay. As the publication of the
bulletin, which will give all details, is
referred by conditions over which I
tave no control, I beg to present a few
if the most important facts, apparent-
y demonstrated, by the use of your
columns. Although both cattle and
ogs were included in the experiments
conducted, I shall confine myself for
he present simply to a few statements
elative to the former.
It is first necessary to have It under-
tood that the experiments were under-
aken for the purpose of demonstrat-
ig the adaptability of Florida condi-
I I I I I I E I
3ss THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
THE POSSIBILITIES OF SUGAR PRODUCTION IN States for 25 per cent. greater price than raw su- WHY
E. R. Rose, before the State Agricultural Society. A factory to turn out 50,0oo pounds of granu- DR. HATHAWAY
Before entering upon the subject assigned me, lated sugar per day can be erected in Florida for CU
"The Possibilities of Sugar Growing and Manufac- $125,ooo. Allowing the raw material (cane or sy- CURESa
ture in Florida," it is well to examine the business rup) to cost 50 per cent. of the selling price of s f los ee
from a national standpoint, that we may appreciate sugar, 50,0oo pounds will pay the grower $1,343; Rw, for Is arvelou .eeea
the demand for the article and the amount annually cost of manufacture (75 cents per ioo pounds), His New, Free Book.
imported to meet this demand. The American peo- $375; net profits of factory per day, $869; gross Dr Hathawy's method
ple are the greatest consumers of sugar in the daily proceeds, $2,687. twenty yeas of expert-
world. Our market for foreign sugar is acknowl- These figures are based on present prices of su- ce in the most exten-
edged to be the best known. We import annually gar-i. e., 5 3-8 cents for standard granulated. The sve rat is ie sof an
practically five thousand million pounds or 2,5oo,- factory should run 1oo days, showing a net profit atorld. fm one of he
ooo tons. The actual figures for 1897 were 4,918,- of $86,oo00 per season. Such a factory will require best medical colleges in
905,733 pounds imported, the per capital consump- 300 tons of cane (or its equivalent in syrup) per i hs medicaland surgi-
tion for the same year being 64.5 pounds. day, and will consume the product of some I,500 cal education by exten-
tio fsive hospital practice.
Sugar is the only agricultural product which the acres of average Florida cane. aryin hs pressonal areerhe madedsv-
United States imports. Of all other crops we ex- "Estimate prepared by Mr. J. S. Murray, for- series which placed him at thehead of his profes-
0 son as a specialist in treating what are generally
port enormous quantities. W have an enormous mer general manager Soledad Sugar Estate, Cuba. known as private diseases of men and women.
ort enormous quantities. taken from actual work at This system of treatment he has more and more
surplus of wheat, corn, animal products, tobacco rom reliable data, taken from actual work at perfected each yearuntil today his cures are so
and cotton. Few realize how large a part of our the St. Cloud sugar factory, near Kissimmee, Fla., ria as to be the marvel of the medical
exports is required to pay for the sugar we import. we have the following result.on Ioo acres of land, Enjoyin the t practice of any specialist
No two articles exported-except cotton-exceed thirty tons of cane per acre: na fees which mas it poible for al to obtain
nal fees which makes it possible for all to obtain
in value the sugar imported. Our enormous ex- Preparation of soil at $2.50 his services.
Dr Hathaway treats and cures Loss of Vitality,
ports of wheat-$59.920,oo--pay but little more per acre.... .. ........ $ 250 00 Varlcocele. Stricture, Blood Poisoning in its dif.
than half our sugar bill; our tobacco exported- Seed cane, four tons per acre, ferent stages, Rheumatism, Weak Back, Ne-
ousness, all manner of Urinary Complaints
$24,71 I,OO--less than one-fourth, while all the an- $4 per ton..... ... . ,600 00 Ulcers. Sores and Skin Diseases. Brights Disease
le, Planting and all forms of Kidney Troubles. His treatment
imals--cattle, hogs, horses, mules, sheep and poul- Planting ... ... ... ...... 250 00 for undertoned men restores lost vitality and
try-exported pay less than half the amount paid Two weeding ........ 200 .. makes the patient a strong, wel, vigorous man.
for sugar imported. Three plowing .......... 6 oo Dr. Hathaway's success in the treatment of
for sugar imported. Three plowings ......... 600 0 Varicocele and Stricture without the aid of knife
Recey te pn Am n s s Cleaning ditches 50 or cautery is phenomenal. The patient Is treated
Recently the production of American sugar has Cleaning diches .. .. ..... 5 by this method at his own home without pain or
been nearly doubled by the establishment of the Harvesting 3,000 tons cane at lossof time from business. Thiss positively the
eetgar injury in the est and Nrth. Vst $ .. only treatment which cures without an operation.
beet-sugar industry in the West and North. Vast $1 . 3,000 OO Dr. Hathaway calls the particular attention of
sums have been expended in Michigan, New York, Profit first year .......... 2,450 sufferersfrom arcoele and Strictureto pages
Kansas, California, Washington and other locali- Price of sugar 3 I-2c per lb-- .anlness, vigor. Health" a copy of which will
ities. Still, with all these resources, the United $2.80 per ton of cane..... $8,400oo 00 nt for e on a apon. ympm blank,
States produces less than 16 per cent of the mentloing your omplaint.
amount consumed within her borders. $8,400 oo $8,400 oo NBWTON ATHA WA A. D.
When Florida, with her superior climate and The area of lands suitable for cane culture is se Bryaun stret., SIanah. Oa.
soil, builds central mills or refineries, she can make practically unlimited. There are few townships in MErTIOn THI PSAPan N waBrrINo.
sugar at a profit in spite of free raw sugar from the State not capable of furnishing a mill with a TRUSSES, 690. *1.25 AND UP
Cuba, as she will have the assistance of the Sugar capacity of 5,000,000 to 1o0ooo,ooo pounds of su-
Trust and the beet-sugar grower in maintaining gar per season. While vast areas of hammock and
the price of refined sugar, marl lands are found from the St. Marys to Key
In other words, there is a large profit in manu- West, from Pensacola to Jacksonville, eminently a S
facturing a finished article videe, the Sugar Trust), suitable for the crop. The lands of North and Mid- Ah'rti amaTnd I y
while a raw product finds slow sale at reduced die Florida are conceded to produce a superior Kea as.s. .... u so Abvet this
prices. cane to those heavy muck or alluvial lands of the &...ot ` a,*w,,,,o s .v.
Florida can make more refined sugar direct from lower peninsula. Their season is shorter and the s"ior so l; iaos
rapt werf w e r=Ul is on right or left side,
the cane, for less cost per pound, than she at pres- crop has to be replanted oftener, though the ton- ,w ii .sam 50-Y -lwi th. .d
sa ndiagI Lmtpa md 5e55n J m 15ta
ent makes raw sugar; she can increase the yield nage is less. ..rwl etm rn o o eoumtu and w
fully 50 per cent. per ton of cane over present con- In all of the counties of this State and in South- WrTE OR FREE TRUSS CATALOUrt I JE "
editions, and increase the value per pound fully 30 ern Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana .- -S 2 ...1.ms m .' c2.75
per cent. This is but a matter of education-when good crops of sugar cane are raised. Barring the sAIRs, ROMUK A o. nAGIC
our farmers begin to think and then combine their great freezes of 1886, 1895 and 1899 no frost to 50 YEARS'
practical knowledge and labor with capital and skill materially damage cane has occurred in this State. EIaPERIENei
now seeking profitable employment, the question A white frost does not injure sugar cane. On
of the American supply of sugar will be solved by the contrary, it causes it to ripen its juices and R
the cane belt of the United States making the nec- make better sugar. A killing frost destroys the
essary amount to supply the demand. "bud" and injures the cane for seed only. If prop-
The beet grower will soon discover that he can- early windrowed immediately after freezing and be- T RADE MARKS
not compete with cane, and will naturally gravi- fore fermenting, such cane will make good sugar -rCOPR CopyHtAc.
tate into the cane belt, where his profits will be for some sixty days after windrowing. The freeze Cahnein o Prao. if Th & m
Mnqueily ascertain our opinion free whether ab
invention Isgh obablV`yentabe. Conmunira
greater and his crops more certain of I886: rlia3 and 18i8 did not kill stnbble or rait- enu"t1 bab< m
I have recently been asked for a comparison of toons on well-drained lands in Florida. Tfatem taken roh kuni s Co. reoi
the cost of making raw and refined cane sugar, and Any soil in Florida that will produce a fair crop tWMg jtes .without ua t.tnthe
the advisability of erecting small plants to make of corn will make good sugar cane; the richer the 00 i J11
.if A aln omely lilstraited weekly. Isriest elp.
brown or raw sugar or syrup. better. Clay and marl suburbs are preferable, if Mln of any menstin loa erm, 0 a
T ,IA.. e oar months, SL Sold by all newsdealer.
Local circumstances must, of course, govern all well drained. Flat pine land, with a clay subsoil, Sn ou.r montN odbyalew Ydea
cases, hence a reply must be general in its nature. well drained and fertilized, makes fine crops. Uae u mc P at.r t Wabi mton. .c.
I will state that a modern, up-to-date factory, with As to climate, Florida's climate is certainly su- _
all the latest labor-saving and economical devices, perior to that of any other State for sugar growing. IEE ALL ver PAI r WITH
similar to those used by the best and most promi- Our "rainy season" is during the growing months, **
nent cane and beet-sugar growers, double or triple when required. A wet fall or winter is the excep- Pain-Killer.
mills, bagasse burners, modern clarifiers, filters, tion. A dry fall and winter insures the ripeness of A Medicine Cbnt in tmn
multiple effects, centrifugals and granulators, will the cane and a quick harvest; a wet fall or winter SIMPLE, SAFE AND QUICK CURE FOR
turn out a dry granulated sugar for 25 per cent. (frequent in Louisiana) retards the ripening, and cramps, Diarrhoea, Colds,
less than an open-kettle or open steam-train fac- entails heavy expense for harvest. A "killing" coughs, Neuralgia,
tory can turn out brown sugar, and at the same frost seldom occurs in Florida before January. Rheumatism.
time wiff increase the yield of sugar over the old Grinding begins October 15 in Louisiana, and sel- 2 541 s6 eai cett Bo
open apparatus not less than 25 per cent. from the dom before December I in Florida, insuring forty- BEWARE OF IMITATIONS.
same quantity and quality of cane, while the pro- five additional days for maturing the crop. In BUONY YTHE GENU'NE
duct will readily sell at any part of the United PninRRY DAVIS'
(Continued on Next Page.) "ag gym a g-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
tions, animals and feedstuff to the
profitable production of finished
fat beef, demonstrate so far as
possible the relative economy of the
use of different Florida feedstuffs. A
comparison of the results obtained
from the mame with similar results
obtained under similar conditions in
other States was made that the advan-
tage possessed by Florida, if demon-
strated to exist, could by such compar-
ison be the more emphatically Illustrat-
ed The animals subjected to investi-
gation were native Florida steers and
the treatment and feeding of the steers
were such as adapted themselves to
average Florida stock owners. The
steers were divided as evenly as possi-
ble by weight and character into dif-
rerent lote containing throo animals
each, and each lot was given during
the feeding period the same amount
and proportion of nutriment, as proved
by the analysis, the only difference be-
ing that the source of the fattening
material supplied to each lot was dif-
ferent The three different feedstuffs
entering into the balanced rations
thus fed to each lot of steers, with
which comparisons are Ihretmade, were
cassava, cottonseed meal and hulls and
corn meal It must he Ir-membered
that the animals fed each of the three
rations containing these feedstuffs re-
ceived absolutely the same quantity
and proportion of food, the supply be-
ing obtained from the three different
crops mentioned. The feeding period
during which the comparison contin-
ned was seventy days, at the end of
which time the maximum Increase was
sevred and the greatest profit from
the feeding was made. The first point
demonstrated, therefore, was the very
important one, that Florida steers fed
upon native Florida feedstuffs could be
fattened and made ready for any mar-
ket in a period of seventy days, while
the average minimum period for ob-
taining similar results in the great beef
fattening sections of the country is not
less than one hundred days. The dif-
ference in the time required for fat-
tening and the expense involved under
equal conditions of cost is about one-
third in favor of Florida as compared
with the regions contiguous to the
Chicago and Kansas City stock yards.
The actual gain in live weight for each
or e three rets or atooe mentioned
was as follows:
Oaswava ............... ........612 pound
Cottoneed products ...........504 pound
Corn.. ........ ..................408 pound
This actual gain, however, is of
course more or less proportional to the
original weight of the steers In the dif-
ferent lots. The percentage gain of
each lot, however, shows the absolute-
ly correct comparison of the relative
results of the three different feedstuffs,
and was as follows:
Cassava ...... ..........26.86 per cent gain
Cottonseed products ...26.6 per cent gain
Corn meal... .......21. per cent gain
The daily gain per head for the ani-
mals in the different lots for the entire
period was as follows:
Cassava ... .. .................43 pounds
Oottonseed produts ... .......2.61 pounds
O mrnm eal ... ... .. I....111iii111iii.l, 1I
In this connection It must be remem-
bered that the animals fed averaged
only 634 pounds each in weight. T'he
average dally gain was therefore nec-
essarily smaller than It would have
been for larger-sized steers, and was
really aI M, win be shown by com-
The relative cost per pound of the
meat produced with the different lots
was as follows:
Casa.va ......... ...........3.48 cents
Cottonseed products ..........4.18 cents
Corn meal ....... .. ............7.56 cents
In this connection it must be re-
membered that the actual o99t per
pound of the meat added to the car-
cas each during fattening is always
apparently high as compared with the
market price of weef. Ou the othur
hand, the profit of feeding does not de-
pend upon the actual gain in live
weight, but more largely upon the in-
creased value of the entire animal; so
that there is not only a gain in weight,
but a very great increase in the value
of the meat already present at the time
the feeding began. This fact, under
suitable conditions, more than compen-
sates for the relatively high cost of the
actual gain in the weight of the animal.
In the present case the actual value
of the increased weight of the animal
was 5 cents per pound, which, in the
case of cassava fed steers, actually
cost 3.43 cents per pound.
The actual cost of feeding the three
different lots of steers per 1,000 pounds
of live weight in each lot per day was
as followed, CaOsavalf9; 99ttonsed
products, 22c; corn meal, 25c. Having
shown what can actually be accom-
plished with Florida animals and feed-
stuffs, the real importance and value
of the results of Florida are best dem-
onstrated by comparison with similar
result obtained under similar condi-
tions elsewhere. It is an accepted fact
that Texas is a great feeding State;
that Texas stock owners grow, fatten,
and ship hundreds of thousands of
head of cattle annually; that they are
in the Diuinose rop the prout It brings
them; let us, therefore, compare these
results with the results of some simi-
lar feeding experiments conducted by
the Texas Experimental Station with
Texas range steers of almost identical-
ly the same weight as those used in
our experiments: Average weight of
steers; Texas, 616 pounds, Florida, 634
pounds. Average daily gain per head:
Texas, 1.97 pounds; Florida, 2.26
pounds. Average cost of increased
weight: Texas, 5.99c per pound; Flor-
ida, 0.040 per pound. Cost per pound
with Florida cassava ration, 3.43c.
This, therefore, shows that Florida
range steers can be fattened as easily
as Texas animals and will gain in a
given time more than 12 per cent. per
day more than Texas animals under
similar conditions, and that with cas-
sava, which may be accepted as the
natural Florida ration, the gain of
Florida stock is more than double this
Another comparison is even more im-
portant. At Allen, Neb., 'he Standard
Cattle Company annually fattens sev-
eral thousand head of range steers for
the Chicago market. They do so be-
cause they find the business profitable.
For .the past eleven years Lne average
number of animals thus taken from
the ranges and fattened by them has
been about five thousand head. The
careful accounts kept by this company
have recently been published by Pro-
fessor Henry of the Wisconsin Experi-
ment Station. Some comparisons of
these results with those obtained in
Florida are pcrtiiiiit AVr&mgi lEgfB
of the fattening period: Nebraska, 180
days; Florida, 70 days. Average per
cent. of grain in live weight: Nebras-
ka, 22.64 per cent.; Florida, 25.01 per
cent. Average daily gain per head;
Nebrassa, 1;,2 pounds Florida, 2.20
pounds. Average cost of gain per
pound; Nebraska, 8.76c; Florida, 5.04c.
It, therefore, seems that Florida pro-
duces a given result in fattening ani-
mals in less than one-half the time re-
quired in Nebraska; that under these
conditions the total percentage of gain
in Florida is considerably greater than
in Nebraska; that the average daily
gain in Florida is nearly double that of
Nebarska; ana that the cost of the
beef produced in Florida is less than
one-half of thle Evt in Nebraska; and
yet the stock owners in Nebraska find
the business profitable. Can there be
any question as to what the result
would be in Florida?
In conclusion a few words should be
said as to the relative results of pro-
ducing cannava fed beef and beef from
other sources. In rhe three tests made
cassava produced the largest percent-
age of gain in live weight, the highest
average daily gain, the lowest cost of
production, and beef from different lots
when slaughtered was repeatedly test-
ed by good judges, who knew nothing
of the origin of the beef, and in every
single case the beer from tue cassava
steers was given preference. The meat
was all consumed in the Laike City
markets and was accepted by all as su-
perior to Western meat, so that during
the time when this Florida beef was
available, not a pound of Chicago meat
was sold in town.-H. E. Stockbridge,
Professor Agriculture, Florida Agricul-
tural College, in Florida Farmer &
Pretty Things for the Home.
A pretty and sensible curtain for the
sitting room or hammock may be made
of blue denim, embroidered and but-
ton-holed in white, and laced with
white and blue cord over a puff of red
sat'ne or silesia.
A necessary article to hang beside the
dressing table is a shoe button case.
To make it, take two pieces of bright
q9lored linen or cretonne9 itlt fiy
inches long and three wide, overcast
the edges together on one side, and on
the other side leave a small place open
in the center of about an inch and a
half to insert a small strip of card
board, covered with silk to hold the
needles. Stitch across the satine in
two places about an inch from the mid-
dle each way, the upper one will hold
the buttons, and the lower opening will
hold a spool of thread. Hem a small
piece of whale bone into the bottom
or both piooom of the satino to hold the
case still, and draw up the bag at the
top with ribbons.
For busy women who have but little
time for embroidery, applique work
will be found very satisfactory. To do
it cut flowers of leaves from denim or
other material and buttonhole them on
curtains, table or toilet covers with art
silk. This work is very little trouble,
and when neatly done will be very
When these articles become soiled,
instead of throwing them aside, they
may be cleaned and freshened by
washing them carefully through warm
rain water to which a little powdered
borax is added, dried quickly and
pressed on the wrong side.-Exchange.
Sorghum Cane and Kaffir Corn for
I have noticed onsiderapole odisus-
sion in your paper, of late, concerning
the merits of sorghum silage. I beg
to state that we filled one of our cribs
at the University, last fall, with a mix-
ture of sorghum cane and Kaffir corn.
This kept remarkably well, and we are
now feeding it. It is the first sorghum
silage that I ever saw. It is entirely
without acidity, and is as sweet and
wholesome as corn silage, and has no
evil effects on our cows, as some have
claimed. In proof of this, I may state
that some of them are eating as much
as 60 pounds per day, and doing this
when they have the privilege of catmig
fresh rye forage fed in the stall.
For some years past a good many
Southern farmers have nDee putting
up sorghum and corn for ensilage,
mixing it half and half. This has been
very satisfactory indeed, and ensilage
made in this way has kept with good
satisfaction. The cause of sorghum
ensilage spoiling so badly Is undoubted-
ly due to the large amount of sugar it
contains, which terments very easily
and quickly. We think that this trou-
ble can in a measure be obviated by
allowing the sorghum to advance fur-
ther towards maturity and allowing it
to wilt some after being cut and bound
with the corn harvester before putting
in the silo. This was the method that
we pursued last fall, and the results
have been eminently satisfactory.
There seems to be practically no
illrffrolmol IIotUrl in first.claa aorrhlum
and corn ensilage for milk production.
The great advantage of sorghum over
corn, throughout a large portion of the
Unitde States is its excellent drought
resisting qualities and the enormous
yield that can be secured. This latter
question in eoncially important tv
Southern farmers. For example: On
our farm last year, we secured seven-
teen tons of sorghum after rye that
had been cut and fed as a soiling crop;
whereas, it was so late we could not
have planted corn after the rye, and in
addition the average yield per acre of
corn was only nine tons. It is true that
last season was a poor corn year, but
we think one year with another, the
sorghum will hold its own.
Our silos hold practically 125 tons
apiece. In the case of sorghum, 7 and
a half acres would fill a silo; while in
the case of corn, 14 acres would be re-
quired. One objection that has
been urged against sorghum is that
it is so hard on the land. While it is
true that it makes a considerable draft
on the soil, we are sure that where a-
proper rotation Is followed and suffi-
cient barnyard manure and artificial
fertilizers returned to the soil to main-
tain a good condition of fertility, it can
be grown as readily as any other crop,
THE WHOLE SYSTEM
May Become Invaded by Catarrh-
General Lewis' Case.
-- 'nI. L T '///7 AWm e
Hon. James Lewis, Surveyor General of
Pe-ru-na Drug M'fg Co, Columbus, O.:
Gentlemen-I have used Pe-ru-na for
short time and can cheerfully recom-
mend it as being all you represent and
wish every man who is suffering with
catarrh could know of its great value.
Should I at any future time have occa
sion to recommend a treatment of your
kind, rest assured that yours will be the
one. James Lewis."
Wherever the catarrh is, there is sure
to be a waste of mucus. The mucus is
as precious as blood. I is blood, In acs.
It is blood plasma-6lood with the cor-
puscles removed. To stop this waste,
you must stop this catarrh. A course of
treatment with Pe-ru-na never fails to
Send for free catarrh book. Address
The Pe-ru-na Drug Manufacturing Co.,
and with a greater certainty of good
yield.-A. M. Soule, Agriculturist.
Tennessee Experimental Station.
Americans are known as a dyspeptic
people. The extent of this disease may
tin lnfFerrd trom tUe multitude ofr R-
called "medicines" offered as a rem-
edy. They are often in a tablet form
and have no value except as as pillia-
tives of the Immediate effects of dys-
pepsia. The man who used them may
feet better but is surely getting wore.
They do not touch the real cause of
the disease. Dr. Pierce's goldenn Medi-
cal discovery is a medicine specially
prepared to cure the diseases of the
stomach and organs of digestion and
nutrition. It is not made to give tem-
porary relief but to effect permanent
cure. In ninety-eight cases out of ev-
ery hundred it cures perfectly and per-
It has cost Dr. Pierce $25.000 to give
away in the last year the copies of his
People's Common Sense Medical Ad-
viser, Which have Deen applied ror.
This book of 1008 pages is sent free on
receipt of 21 one-cent stamps to pay
expense of mailing only. Address R.
V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.
At Chalfont. St, t iles, Easland,
stands a remarkable monument, erect-
ed by Sir Hugh Palliser to his friend,
Captain Cook, the celebrated navigator.
One of the most singular visits to this
monument occurred in 1865, when
Queen Emma of the Sandwich Islands
went in company with Bishop Wilber-
force. People in the district still recall.
with amusement, now the village band,
wishing to greet her majesty with an
appropriate tune and not knowing the
Sandwich Islands national anthem,
tootled forth "The King of the Canni-
The great remedy of the day is un-
questionably Pain-Killer, for the In-
stant relief of all burns, scalds, bruises,
etc., and for pains In the stomach and
bowels as well as in sudden attacks of
cholera morbus. No family should pre-
tend to keep house without It always
by them. Avoid substitutes, there is
but one Pain-Killer, Perry Davis'.
Price 25c and 50c.
_ ______~ ___ ___~_ _____
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 38e
South Florida killing frosts are of rare occurrence, all parts of Florida of quality equal to the best pro- 0 TA S H gives color,
and grinding continues from December 15 to Feb- duct of the Northern dairy States, and at a cost
ruary. In tropical Florida, south of the 27th paral- below the limits of profit in any other section of flavor and firmness to
lel, frost to kill oranges, lemons, limes or tropical the Union. The question frequently asked by out-
cane is unknown. The climate of West, North and siders coming from States proud of their clover all fruits. No good fruit
Middle Florida has fully thirty days longer grow- fields and blue grass pastures is, "What about for-
ing season than Louisiana, while South Florida age crops?" In reply it is simply necessary to say can be raised without
has forty-five to sixty. that Bermuda grass, one of the best permanent
In tropical Florida the element of frost does not pasture crops in the world, is perfectly adapted to POtash.
come into the calculation. Grinding may begin all parts of our State. Of other grasses capable Fertilizers containing at least
when the crop is ready and extend into the next of successful production the number is considera- ertizers containing at least
growing season. As to quality of cane, little has ble. Moreover, every cultivated field in Florida 8 to lo of Potash will give
been done in Florida to select or improve the plant; becomes a natural pasture or mow field the mo-
in fact, the poorest, short-jointed, stunted stubble ment the cultivated crop is laid by, annual crops of best results on all fruits. Write
is generally used for "seed," while the best and crab-grass, crow-foot or beggar weed making their
finest cane is worked up. The same varieties in- appearance from self-sown seed. In place of the for our pamphlets, which ought
produced by the Jesuits are still grown. This neg- clover, which is the stand-by leguminous and soil
lect of selecting seed cane, however, is not peculiar renovating crop of the North, we have three of to be in every farmer's library.
to Florida. The same careless methods prevail to equal value, viz: the beggar weed, the velvet bean
a large extent in Louisiana and Cuba. Had the and the cow pea, each possessing several advan- They are sent free.
same care and scientific experimenting 1bn prag- t;igS, The Yvlvet bsan i4 dititin tvY!y a Florida
ticed with cane as with beets during the last twenty crop belonging to the pea or leguminous family GnRMAN KALI WOIIKS,
years, the amount of sugar in the plant could have growing upon the lightest and poorest of soils n. st.Ne, Yark.
been largely increased (though average tropical where the cow pea and all forms of clover would T"H S
cane now contains much more sugar and less im- not take root, and yet with little fertilizer furnish-
purities than the best varieties of beets.) ing enormous crops of green food, hay, or vegeta- -7 OL i R
ble matter to be turned under as a soil renovator. That wiil kill
THE AGRICULTURAL SPECIALTIES OF FLORIDA. Four tons of velvet bean hay per acre is easily se- all the weeds
cured on the poorest of lands. Between nine and in yourlawn.
By Dr. H. E. Stockbridge, of the Florida Experi- ten tons has actually been harvested per acre on If you keep
iIenlt Stationl. the Expe riment Sttiton fi in liid from twenty to ig lt e wuld put
To the average winter visitor Florida is pre-em- thirty bushels of shelled beans per acre, which, so they do not
inently the home of citrus fruits and such sub- when ground into meal, possess about one-half the go to seed,
tropical products as pertain to the winter season. feeding value of cotton seed meal, may be consid- andcut your
Th as a grass without
This special class of agricultural resources requires ered as a fair average crop. breaking the small feeders of roots
little comment and the adaptation of Florida to It is a point especially worthy of consideration the grass will become thick and
this production easily goes unchallenged. To peo- 'that the farmer in Florida instead of being confined weeds will dia.ppJar. Send for
ple who know our State better, however, Florida is to a three or five year rotation for maintaining the catalogue.
not distinctively a horticultural region, but pos- fertility of his soil easily follows an annual rotation, THE CLIPPER WILL DO IT
sesses exceptional adaptations to the successful two crops being possible on all Florida farms, and CLIPP'R AWN MOWER CP.
production of staple products, the possibility of the from three to five crops per year, one of which
development of which within our boundaries is maybe a renovating crop,are easily secured. Green ArtiftI o
only now beginning to be fairly recognized. forage crops are possible without special skill or -
Among the agricultural industries to which the effort during twelve months of the year, so that M ONUM ENTS
State is peculiarly adapted the various forms of the lack of natural permanent pastures is probably
stock husbandry easily stand Prt-tminant, Nqt an advantage rather than otherwise. In addition IBCUTBD IN ........
only are there millions of acres of natural range to the crops distinctively Floridian, most of the ag- Ta '0 aw lu"oss o
furnishing excellent and cheap pasturage to all ricultural products of the Northern States are suc- M larble
kinds of live stock, but the soils and climate of cessfully produced in Florida, the staples of corn, ri
Florida are perfectly adapted to the successful cotton, sweet potatoes and tobacco being success- ard ral t Ie
growth of cultivated grasses and forage plants fully grown upon enormous areas over the entire
adapted to the fattening of animals for which busi- State. The distinctive feature of Florida agricul- ortn PrtoIrts - -
ness our climatic conditions offer special advan- ture, however, lies in the fact the small fruits and Forcemetery and lawnenclosure
tages. The purest of water from springs, streams, garden vegetables, like Irish potatoes, tomatoes, AU work uaranteed. Price,.reasonao-e.
lakes and flowing wells is everywhere available, celery, cabbage and lettuce, which are prominent Oorrespnd witho: : ::
and the winters are so mild that shelter, except products of the State, are grown at the season of
weather. It must, therefore, be admitted that Flor- by their annual blanket of snow. An interesting
ida possesses unsurpassed advantages for the pro- fact in this connection is the common practice of The International Publishing Comi
duction of both beef and pork, in which business producing two crops of Irish potatoes on the same pany of Philadelphia and Chicago,
successful competition from other sections of the land, or the same farm, in a single year, the spring have just published a new and inter-
country will in time become impossible. crop being harvested in April, to be followed by a iInSE liir I LHmud, Alov.
Among the crops of special importance in rela- summer cultivated or renovating crop, and then "War in Africa," and many other ele-
tion to the stock industry cassava undoubtedly with the planting in September of a fall or winter gant and useful books. The best terms
holds first rank as being especially adapted to the crop of potatoes Tor December harvest, a practice o imaee, Sta to gen fMor a., Kis-
high, dry, sandy pine lands so abundant in all parts very extensively and profitably followed by large _
of the State. The actual food product of an acre numbers of Florida farmers. One of the crops at WE STILL HAVE A FEW
of Florida soil when cultivated to cassava is easily present coming into greater prominence is celery, Nice atsuma oranges on TrifoliatF
six times greater than is possible from the same which has until comparatively recently been sup- stocks, entirely unhurt by cold. Atls
area and investment devoted to corn. Careful ex- posed to be unadapted to Florida 6sils, except peaches, plums, grapes, etc., including
periments in comparative feeding show that cas- upon certain areas of drained muck lands. It is the famous James Grape. A fev
sava when properly utilized is very much superior now, however, a demonstrated fact that celery- thousand Trifolita seedlings yet un
to corn as a fattening material, and that both beef growing is extremely profitable upon the large area sold. Prices low. Freight is paid
and pork are produced on this food very much of so-called "flat woods" lands found in most parts Bummit Nurseries.
cheaper than is possible with the ue of any other of thi Sttc. The crop thus grown is subject to Montlcal to a.
known feed-stuff. As the crop is distinctively few diseases or pests and is marketed during the Y R MLANC
tropical in character and is only adapted to the winter or early spring when the markets are nearly A young gentleman took his little sister
pine lands of Florida and the very low portion of bare of the "cooped" or stored celery of the North. with him While MLn he other evenulg
it a 'house 'here hne is a regular visitor.
the Gulf States the eventual pre-eminence of Flor- A noteworthy fact in this connection is the recent The lit arl iMade herself qutte at
S*home and showed great fondness for one
ida as a stock region can hardly be questioned, decision of several of the largest celery-growers of orE tron nraI.. flmaily naop MaO-
What is true of the production of meat is equally the Michigan and Ohio celery regions to embark "How very affectionate she is," said the
applicable to dairy products, which, with careful in winter celery production in Florida for the sup- Yes so le er brother," re oed
and intelligent management, can be produced in plying of markets already se lady bt y. a
and intelligent management, can be produced in plying of markets already secured. M Cl
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
The Xelm Aphis.
A bulletin recently issued by the
Georgia Experiment Station from Mr.
A. L. Quaintance, formerly of the Flor-
ida Station, contains the following
chapter on melon aphis, which Is time
ly and valuable. Mr. Quaintance says:
Plant lice make their appearance on
oucurhts quite early in the spring, fol-
lowing the cucumber beetle in close suc-
cession. They are small, soft-boded In-
sects. clustering mainly on the lower sur-
face of leaves. sucking out the juices of
the plant by means of their tube-like
mouih mriam. Qew4 t f04*A44M pmua
oon becomes chockd, and the leaves be-
come much curled and misshapen.
Plant Lice in General.-In the family
Aphididae, or Aphids, we meet with an
apparent exception to the rule, that In-
sects are developed from eggs, a with
these insects, young are bor alive
throughout the grmter part of the year.
These aphids furthermore may show No
distinction or use. and bread without toe
intervention of male. This form of re-
umoflition In bnhwn W
aad &Owde pr nomg fftB way areM
called agamiteemTale. These agamic fe-
males may be either winged or wingless,
and the causes governing this are not
well understood. With most special.
agamic reproduction continues during the
spring and summer, but at the approach
of cold weather in the fall, true sexes are
divelwid amd 480 p f"aVm nty teO re
males, In which oteditik the winter is
usually passed. These eggs are known as
winter eggs, and hatch in spring nto a
generation of wingless agamic females.
Individuals of this generation soon begin
the production of living young, and the
aphid: of this generation may be either
winged or wingless. These winged torms
may fly to other plants and start new
colonies, and the roe they play nl the
distribution and perpetuation of the spe-
cies is an important one. The rate at
which young are produced s quite vri-
ble, depending evidently on the condition
of the weather and te ture of te food
supply. As many as eight li young
hbve been recorded from a e mM-
vidual during the course of tenty-four
hours, and one may frequently find, by
examining their food plt, a parent
aphid surrounded by frm one to two
dosen small ones. Young arrive at repro-
ductive maturity n l te corse of a few
days, and the production of young be-
gins. From thb short tfe cycle and pro-
loscaey, they are cabled to make up in
numbers what they lack in lshe. Reau-
mur has shown that, in the case of the
eptome n oine lmtmial may. dlurltngom
eason, be the progenitor oa 5,1,NO,6X
(nearly six billion) Individuals. Fortu-
nately these isets e c Eontroiled, to a
great extent, by their parasitic enemies
sed unfavorable weather conditions, and
it is only under very favorable .circum-
stances that plant lice become so abund-
ant as to cause wide-spread damage.
Thoee who have examined plant lice
at all careull must have noticed that
at are sally associated wth them.
Thew lu am"s rnm fir Ihis, *A %reA
secure from apids a sweetish fluid,
called "honey-dew., upon which th
feed. Ants attend these aphids qutse e-
ously, and they ha been called the cows
of the ants. This is no haphazard rela-
tionship. as numerous examples prove. A
case in poit is that of the con-root
louse. Prof. Fortes hn shown that a
certain species of at carefully collets
the eggs of ths aphid i the tell, and
cares for them over winter, down tn their
own subterranean galleries. As the plant
lece hatch in the spring, the ants bur-
row down along the roots of the orn sad
other planet, &ad ea tucy Ovey tC1 a0m
down these burrows and establish them
on the roots of the plants. Ants play an
important part also in establishing new
Colonies of aphids here and there in a
field by carrying the young and wingless
aphids to other p tits There can be no
question of the benefit whic ants derive
from aphids, and in many cases, the ad-
vantage of the attendance of ats on
aphids Is even more evident.
h Melon APts. fe History and
lHabits.--The Insect may attack cucurbits
any time during their growth. Late crops
probably suffered more ts year in Geor-
gia tn did the earlier ones, and the
nsect is probably more destructive to wa-
termelons and cantaloupe an th to c-
cnrmbers or squash. But its food Is not
confined to oucurbits; Mr. Theodore Per-
sgane, of the Dievson IEBtomology, Unit-
ed tates Department of Agriculture,
gives quite a long t of plants on which
thi apht feeds, as: Purlane, Dock.
Dandellio, Mornng glory, Button weed,
Red Clover, Cotton, Pear and many oth-
ers With this large list of food plants,
but little can he one to keep te In-
sect in check, until it gets into the melon
odfds. I bastin t usu ally started In
early spring by winged I fly-
Iag in trom tdir daierent food iats.
Careful search about that time may re-
veal a few scattered le here and there
on the vines. These are the forerunners
of the hordes that will follow. oon after
their arrival, thee winged forms bn
starting coonies, by giving birth to lng
young; these are single, and may be
observed clustered around the mother in
little groups. Thes young aphids begin
to reproduce in the course of a week, and
If the winged Individunals migrated into
the field in any numbers. It will not be
kng until the field may be badly infest-
ed. so severe is the drain upon the
plat's vitality, by the iumerabhl pump-
ing ot the beaks of these apoids, that
death may soon result This will cause
the winged individuals to fly to other
lants for food. where breeding soon
gu Agamic reproduction continues
during the spring and summer, and at
she approach of the cool weather or tall.
true sexes are produced and the winter
eggs are laid, in which condition the in-
sect passes this cold eason of the year.
There Is evidence also that the winter
may be passed by the agamic form, In
The melon aphis becomes at times a
great pest to cotton, and its apparent
sudden appearance in cotton fds in
large numbers may be due to a forced
migration of the winged form, on ac-
count of the decline of .some of its other
Treatment.-It is not difficult to detect
the presence of the aphids after the vines
have become badly infested. The curled
and stunted appearance of the foliage at
once attracts attention. But when vines
become to badly infested as this, not
mudh cL bhe med out of them in the
ruturs. nt a unelneme to detect ime aPid
as soon as they begin to migrate into the
fields, and frequent careful examinations
are necessary in order to do this. When
discovered, they should be treated at
once, before they have had time to multi-
ply to any extent, and bring the plants
into a stunted condition.
There are two or three different meth-
ods of treatment that have proven to be
quite satisfactory. Kerosene emulsion
diluted with ten parts of water has given
axlallMit rIultas os a ns wh1s skl
soap, used at the rate of one pound to
four gallons of water. A knapsack
sprayer is very convenient in applying
these insecticides, and it should be pro-
vided with a bent brass extension, so
that the under surface of the leaves may
be well sprayed.
Dr. J. B. Smith recommends the use of
cutrlrn biteulthide. As cOan i the fiqet
curled up leaf is noticed, the ill, and
those around it, should be fumigated. A
tolerably tight cover should be placed
over the hMl, and the sulplide used at the
rate of one drum for every cubic foot of
space under the cover.
A dram s, roughly speaking, equiva-
lent to a teaspoonful, and if the liquid
is used at that re, the ice will all be
killed within an hour, and the
plant will not be harmed. A good cover
is made from two barrel hoops. Cut one
of them in two, making semniorcles
cross them In the middle and make a
dome-shaped frame, by fastening the
ends of the semicircles to the other hoop
as a base. This should be covered with
clooduck cloth; and it will add to their
permanency to treat them with a good
coat of boiled linseed oil. A considerable
number of these covers will enable one
man to put in his time economically, by
fumigating over a considerable area at
the same time. Carbon bisulphide is
quite volatile, and t is euffieient to pace
the receptacle, a shallow cup, or lid, on
the ground. Press the cover down tight-
L. so that the fumes will not escape.
a aSis t it4 S2U11"c nt ss XawS so
ous to all animal life, If breathed ia snf-
ficient quantity, but there is no danger
from the small amount inhaled in the
open air. There is danger, however, of
using It around fires of any kind, as a
lighted match, pipe or cigar, as it is
highly inflammable. A cheap and effec-
tive grade of the sulphide, known as
"fuma sulphide," may be purchased from
its manufacturer. Mr. E. R. Taylor,
Cleveland, 0., and when properly used,
tne cot st iould not me orts one caet fto
treating five hills.
Three Forage Crops.
The crops I name below, and each a
most valuable one, farmers do not half
appreciate or properly understand their
value. All three are legumes, root deep,
stand wet or dry weather well, and as
regular or catch crops there is nothing on
earth that equals them.
I will first name the extra early cow
Dea. This is an exceedingly Quick crop,
and If seed n set into ground reasonably
early in spring two crops may be grown
on the same ground annually. This may
be utilized, if you wish, for a dry feed
crop, and If so used should be cut while
plants are in bloom. It is handled and
cured the same as any other hay crop.
Of this seed it will take six pecks to the
acre, and if a good average crop will'
yield you from eighteen to twenty thou-
sand pounds of green forage, and twenty
-to twenty-five bushels of shelled peas to
The next on the list is the mueuna
utilis, or the famous Florida velvet bean.
Every farmer who has sown this invalua-
ble crop understands Its priceless value,
not only as an all-around teed for stock,
but its immense benefit as a fertlliser
and renovator of poor and overworked
soil. Of this seed it will take four pecks
to the acre, and a good crop will yield
you from twenty to twenty-five thousand
pounds of green forage, and twenty-five
to thirty-five bushels of shelled beans to
the acre. A crop grown on good average
rich soil will cover the ground with a
solid mass of leaf, vine and fruit, reach-
ing up to your armpits. To turn this
vast mass of vegetable matter under as
fertilizer you may imagine its value to
The next, but by no means the least in
value as a pasture, dry feed and fertiliz-
ing crop is "desmodlum, or giant beggar
weed." The great value of this crop to
the South, and to the whole country in-
deed, as it will grow anywhere, is not
understood. This is one of the grandest
pasture crops you can possibly grow, as
It is early and quick, and of prolific and
vigorous growth, all stock eating it in
its green or dry state in preference to
any other kind of forage.
This crop may be cut back twice in a
seaeon for dry feed. I would cut it, how-
ever, when about waist high, when fine
and 'tender and at its best. Virtually
this crop is a perennial, as usually there
is enough seed scattered on the ground
every fall to re-seed your field nicely, so
that it often stands three years from one
This plant has a bushy growth, throw-
ing out laterals as it becomes larger, be-
ing covered heavily with leaves and seed
formation, and it Is this that stock like
so well. To sow this crop on rich soil
and not cut it back for dry feed it will
grow a perfect wilderness way above
your head. Don't be afraid of "desmo-
dium" because it is called a "weed," as
you will find it a long way from being a
"noxious" one. Of this seed it takes ten
pounds to the acre. All three of the
above are spring crops and may be seed-
ed from now on up to the middle of June,
but the earlier in now the better.
The writer has grown all of the above
plants and understands their nature well,
and if farmers want further information
concerning them if they will enclose
stamp I will cheerfully reply.
If all the implement dealers in our State
are selling as many weeders as those
with whom we have talked, then our
farmers are learning their value. But
there is another thing to learn and that
is how to use them. The best success
and satisfaction can be had only when
the ground is in fine condition. It must
not at an time be worked when it is
5 %'wt, Ilig in.iuaes drflitii', fI&^?r4
ing, planting, cultivating, etc. The weed-
er will not do good service on hard,
cloddy ground. There is little excuse for
having that kind. The value of the weed-
er is best had when, as with any-other
farm implement the conditions are favor-
able. The weeder's highest use is In kill-
ing O'etta, and San be applied t a!1 kinds
or cultivated farm rops--Orn potatoes,
beans, cow peas, soy beans and strawber-
ries. It may be used In the wheat field
ito advantage when the ground is dry and
the surface will crumble, but on most
fields the harrow will do better service.
Another use for the weeder is in creating
and retaining a dust mulch on the culti-
vated area and to conserve the moisture.
Those who use the weeder with success
will be well repaid for their investment.
By putting their soil in the fine tIlth nec-
essary for the most favorable use of this
Implement will give to their plants better
use of the moisture and fertility of their
oils and better crops will result. When
the weeder is fully understood It will fnd
a place on all our farms.-Fanmer's
Their Own Pole,
Five wicked students were in a barber's
shop getting their hair cut. All this took
to quite late In the night, and then one
of them said:
"Barber, what will you take for your
"Ten flollra." renlild the artist smllz
who was a member of the winning foot-
ball team that season and so had only to
write home any time for a check. "Sign
this." and he drew up a bill of sale.
"Boys. help me home with my load."
And the little calvacade went down the
dimly lighted street with the singular
burden upon their shoulders.
"Hi. there," yelled a policeman, whom
tihey had tiamd to phe srlil, "what, ore
su dainae with that barber's pole?"
"That is our business," grimly replied
the football player.
"It is also mine," rejoined the police-
man. "Come with me to the station, and
bring that pole with you."
"We cannot afford to carry it away
from it proper destination," said one of
"Never mind." growled the policeman.
"I'll get it there," and he summoned
help, and conducted the whole procession
to the police station.
"Boys." said the sergeant, after they
ind raniged thomsalves In front of hikm,
you five dollars apiece."
"Perhaps before we are fined, you would
like to look at this strip of paper?" In-
quired the ball kicker.
ing the bill of sale, "'here s an awkward
mistake. This is your pole.
"We had thought 'o," meekly replied
"Younge men." sait the sergeant. "you
are discharged. Officer, go back to your
"Will you kindly instrudt him to take
the pole where he got It?" Inquired the
"Certainly," replied the sergeant, "that
is your right," and the striped stick of
timber was tugged back again by the
disgusted myrmidon of the law.
The students again shouldered their
'tapering load and started down another
street. They soon met another policeman-
This time they did not attempt any eva-
"What're ye doing' with that beam o'
wood?" shouted the officer.
"Our business," sang the boys.
"Your business seems to be the thief
business," said the officer Come with
meto the station."
"We will not carry the pole," said the
students; "but if you wnt to, we'll swear
not to run for it."
The officer believed them after they had
repeated it in Latin, and being a large,
strong man from the Tipperary regions,
Just about managed it. He was soon be-
fore the same sergeant mentioned above.
"It's their pole," shouted the sergeant,
as soon as he saw them. "Take it back
where you got it."
"Why didn't you tell me?" grumbled
the officer, between breaths, on the way
"You said we were thieves, and how
could you believe thieves on a question
of property?" replied the students. And
they started once more for home.
Again and again they were escorted to
headquarters, until they began to feel
quite well acquainted with the sergeant.
The sixth or seventh policeman they
met was a smallish man, and they took
particular pains with him. They yelled,
whistled, sang "Good-night, Ladies," and
In every town
may be had
a |that make your
Si C.. horses glad.
marehcd tfes time around him in s le-mn
partcbane. He stibply thanked them for
"Why don't you arrest us?" one of
"There's been a general alarm sent all
over the city, replied the peace-preserver,
"to the effect that if we met five men wid
a pole, don't mollst 'em, as they're harm-
less lunatices on de way to the asylum to
start a barber shop there."-Exdhange.
Tne White Velvet Okra.
Okra Is one of the stabd-by vegetables
in Southern gardens. There are several
kinds and all are good enough, in their
way, but the white seeded sorts are pref-
erable. The "black" and "white" okra
terms apply to the seeds. Black okra has
dark purple seeds that impart the dark
color to gumbo or to any dish of okra,
but the white-seeded sorts are free from
this objection. It is advisable to reject
the black-seeded, and plant only the
white-seeded sorts. Among the latter, the
white velvet okra is the champion. It is
round and smooth in the pods, free from
the grooves that characterize other kinds.
The poda are tender and samoth. and the
numriers in wicn tuey are uornc exceed
all other sorts. The stalks are dwarflah
in height, but branch freely, and every
branch bears to the very tip end. The
pods ought to be cut every morning, al-
ternating the plants, in the row, so that
every other plant is cult from every other
This will prove itself one of the most
prolific vegetables that can be grown.
The pods form up and down, and all
around the stalks, and In twenty-four
r'houre After the blWma aI Sred tle ads
will be two inches long. The hotter the
summer sun gets the better this okra
,bears, and there will be no cessation un-
til late fall.
When other vegetables have burnt up
and gone to seed, white velvet okra will
be full of pods, blooming and bearing
without a barren day. No okra pods
ought to be allowed to ripen seeds, except
for seed saving to plant from. Cut off all
the pods regularly every other day and
the plants will bloom more freely.
Okra is allied to cotton. They both be-
long to the Mtlvaceae orde-, as also does
the Rose-Ma1on or Hiblscus, and like
cotton, okra does well planted tolerably
late in the spring. It is sensitive to cold
when the plants are young, but toward
frost-fall in autumn the large stalks will
bear considerable cold.
The market gardeners in New Orleans
sow okra seed two or three' feet in rows
and thin the plants when up to twelve
or fifteen inches apart.
There are several other varieties of
round-podded okra, and they are all more
popular than the grooved, or as the gard-
eners say, the "square-podded" sorts. The
smooth, round pod s e less fibrous and
keep tender longer than the old-fash-
loned square pods.-Ex.
"I s'poae it's all right," said Mr. Cum-
rox, but it doesn't seem fair."
"What doesn't seem fair?"
"For Matilda to sold because I want
to eat dinner In my shirt sleeves. I don't
make any fuss about her party dresses,
an' they haven't any sleeves at all."-
"I had thought thee an idol of gold,"
he sadly sighed, "but thy feet are ay."
Berenice Briskit contemplated him with
hauteur, also froldeur.
"Well, they're only 2 B's, if I do say
it myself," she retorted.
*Here they drifted apart, Inasmuch as
they were palpably not affinite souls.-
RETURNED A HUNDREDFOLD.
Wycke--I can't understand how Star-
bord became so rich.
Wytte-Well, you know, be was born
aboard ship, and lived there nearly all
Wycke-Exactly. That's why I can't
understand his wealth.
Wytte--Ob, I don't know; "bred upon
the waters," you know.-Philadelphia
The use of good cotton seed Is a matter
of moment. We all know that there are
some varieties of cotton that yields m're
than others. Here the best is decidedly
__ ~__ __
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. S 9
FJ1OAL DEPART&E XT.
Address all communications to the
editor, W. C. Steele, Switzerland, Fla.
Some weeks ago, we spoke of tle
fact that so very few of our readers
seemed to take any interest in this
department. Since then we have re-
ceived some very encouraging letters.
The writers expressing themselves as
being well pleased with our efforts to
make this not only Interesting, but
profitable to our readers. We are much
obliged for these expressions. But
would feel still more grateful for more
help. There must be hundreds of our
readers who have had experience with
various plants that would be of inter-
est to others.' Some will say: "Oh! I
cannot write anything suitable for pub-
lication." Well you can write a letter.
Write a letter to the editor and tell
him about it. It can then be used as
may seem best. Names are never pub-
lished without permission_
This vine commonly called "Star
Jessamine" has been frequently men-
tioned in this department during the
past year. But there is no danger of
the people becoming too familiar with
its merits. It can hardly be too highly
recommended. It Is not quite as hardy
as Honeysuckles nor quite so ever-
blooming. But it is almost perfectly
hardy. We have never known it to be
injured by cold except once, in Febru-
ary, 1800, when the mercury went
down to 12. Even then the tops was
not all killed and son recovered.
We have a large vine about a dozen
years old. We put it up on a trellis
of two lightwood posts and a wire in
the fall of 1808. The posts are ten
feet high, set four feet apart. The
vine is over a foot higher than the
trellis and more than three feet wider
almost a solid mass of vines and thick
leathery evergreen leaves. We did not
make a note of the date at which it be-
gan to bloom this spring. But for more
than three weeks it has been so cov-
ered with a sheet of pure white flowers
as to almost hide the foliage.
The beauty is passing away, yet it
will be a week or more before it is out
of bloom. The blossoms have a very
delicate fragrance and that of a single
cluster if held in the hand would hard-
ly be noticeable. But the mass of
flowers together give out sufficient
odor to scent, the air for many yards
These vines ought to be in every
door yard, yet it is not one that will
pass from neighbor to neighbor as so
many others do. It is the most difficult
vine to propagate under ordinary cir-
cumstances that we know of.
Cuttings can hardly be made to take
root unless you have a propagating
bench and can give them bottom heat.
It can be layered, but roots very slow-
ly, taking under most favorable con-
ditions many months to be in condition
The Queen of Flowers.
Pink Roses have a great many ad-
mirers and here are a few very fine
ones. Paul Neyron, one of the largest,
when grown under favorable circum-
stances, that is, given an abundance of
water and rich soil, will repay in most
beautiful blossoms. And the fragrance
is exquisite. You breathe its delicious
breath again and again. Its color is
beautiful beyond description. It
appears to have absorbed the blushing
tints of rosy morn. It is a glow-
ing pink, neither very deep nor silvery.
Near by is growing a fine specimen of
this variety. Its wants have been
catered to, as though it was the pet of
It has fertilizer from the poultry
yard, from the woo8-pile, from the bin
of decayed vegetable matter, from
the washings by the roadside; also ev-
ery other kind of fertilizer on the place.
Ashes, soot, wash water, tea and cof-
fee grounds to its liking.
It appeared as if it could not get
enough, as if its appetite could not be
appeased. And then the water that It
drank! Why, it stood in a pool of wa-
ter part of the time. But all this
rich food and water were assisting na-
ture to a grand display of lovely Paul
Neyron Roses. The foliage was green
and glossy and the buds, eighteen in
number, showed a treat in store. And
when they unfolded their wealth of
beauty, and displayed the tints or
blushing morn, and flung out their
fragrance, they cast a subtle charm,
and you were held spell bound. Na-
ture, with a little help from your hand,
with the sunshine, with the refreshing
dews, with the rain and air, produced
a grand display of beautiful, glowing
pink Roses, that stood out on their own
individuality and formed a beautiful
bouquet of immense blossoms.
Her Majesty is another beautiful
pink Rose. To make it do its best, it
must be given any amount of rich
food, and an abundance of water. It
will repay in silvery, pink Roses, beau-
tiful foliage and plenty of thorns. The
canes of this Rose are completely cov-
ered with briers.
The petals of this Rose are of thick
substance, and its lasting qualities,
whether on tie plant or in a vase, are
remarkable. A great deal of praise is
none too much for this beautiful varie-
ty, whether on its own root or a bor-
Yonder stands a specimen. It has a
straggly growth; reaching out toward
all points of the compass. Some of the
canes have made good growth for a
half-climber. It spreads out against
a building, as if to shield it. Take a
look and pull one of the Roses down
for examination. A silvery, pink Rose,
the size of a small saucer, is before
you, for your eyes to feast upon.
Magna Charta, being a near neigh-
bor, must not be passed by. It pro-
duces an abundance of deep, pink
Roses and covers itself with its man-
tie of beauty. E. Florida.
Experience seems to teach the fact
that fail planting of Roses is best for
our Florida climate. Of 25 I planted
last November, I saved every one ex-
cept one; it was killed accidentally,
and need not have been lost. Al have
bloomed, and are beautiful varieties.
for a cheap collection. I am sure I
received the worth of my money, one
dollar being the amount expanded.
The cold wet weather of March and
April was not favorable to budding
operations as the violent beating rain
would get in the wound, causing the
newly Inserted bud to die. Had I used
strips of waxed cloth or grafting wax
to exclude dampness and air, results
would have been better.
However, the true flower-lover must
not be discourage at a few failures,
but ever strive for good results, profit.
ing by the experience learned from dis-
Good results are obtained by plant-
ing stock cuttings where you want
your Roses to stand, then budding
when well started; then the shock of
transplanting is avoided.
In spite of all the care I could exer-
cise, I lost half of a lot of budded
Roses that had to be moved last July.
If they must be transplanted, it had
best be done in cool weather, when in a
I find Paul Neyron a free and early
bloomer when budded on the Manetti
stock. More so than on its own roots.
The Manetti being a more vigorous
grower, pushes the Neyron and hast-
ens the blooming period. The same
rule will apply to some others.
Mrs. G. W. Avery.
Fancy Leaved C0ajdaum.
The most delicate sorts, semi-trans-
parent always ought to be shaped.
Those of medium delicacy will get
along pretty well in full sun during
the rainy season, but not during the
dry spring months,even in the wettest
soil. While those that are mainly
green with a few colored spots, will
take care of themselves most any-
where, provided the soil is moist.
I use a light trellis, wooden posts,
say 2x2 inches, six and a half feet
high and eight feet apart, connected by
light strips of wood at the top. Then I
nail bamoo canes a foot apart across
these strips and weave In long stem-
med cabbage palmetto leaves so as to
cut off about half the sunlight. The
bamboos last several years, the leaves
have to be renewed annually.
In mucky soil-drained bayhead-
they grow most luxuriantly, but should
be dug up as soon as the tops are
touched by frost, and kept.in nearly
dry (but not "dust dry") sand, if possi-
ble where they will not be exposed to
a lower temperature than 50 degrees.
A friend of mine in Lucknow, India,
where they have sharp frosts at times,
always buried his tender bulbs two
feet under ground, in a place sheltered
from the rain, for the winter, and
found this plan to work excellently. I
presume his arrangement was like a
small "pit" only covered over with two
feet of sand or earth.
Instead of the bamboo and palmetto
shade, cypress lath, say one and a half
inches apart, may be usea to advant-
age. With careful handling such
screens will last ten years without re-
newal. Each lath shades one square
foot of space. Of course the laths
should be so placed as to run north and
south, so that the shadows and sun-
light may alternate all day long. It
the laths run east and west the sun
may burn brown parallel lines all over
the leaves beneath. Theo L. Mead.
An Accommodating Plant.
We clip from Vick's Magazine. Our
own experience with this Nicotiana
has been quite interesting. Plants set
out last June soon began to bloom.
They grew and bloomed freely for
some weeks, then they went to seed
and we supposed they were done for
the season, but before the seed was
ripe new flowers stalks appeared and
kept coming all the fall. The plants
went through the winter entirely un-
protected from the cold. Some plants
lost part of their leaves but we do not
think a single one was killed either by
cold or the excessive rains in the
spring though standing on flat woods
soil as full of water as possible for
weeks in March and April:
"In the spring of 1898, seeding plants
of Nicotiana affinis were planted fif-
teen inches apart in a bed. They be-
gan blooming early in the summer, and
continued until severe frosts, at which
time one of the plants was potted and
placed in a cold pit. In December it
was moved to the conservatory, and a
month later it was in full bloom, and
was almost the favorite in a large col-
lection of plants.
It remained in bloom for over three
months and was then removed to the
garden, where it soon sent up new
flower stalks, and bloomed more abund-
antly than ever until late in the fall.
The plant is now (March 14), before
me on a shelf by the window in the
sitting room, where it has been bloom-
ing since Christmas. The plant now
shows nine graceful flower stalks, each
having several blossoms. The white
star-shaped blossoms are three inches
across and very fragrant.
The plant will be removed to the gar-
den to bloom for another season, and
how long it will continue in this ac-
commodating way remains to be seen.
I would pronounce Nicotiana affiu.s
one of the most satisfactory plants in
cultivation, especially for the amateur.
Edwin H. Riehl."
Fruit on the Table.
It is an evident fact that the time-
honored fruit-dish, with its assortment
of fruit, no longer has any place on a
modern table; each kind of fruit is put
by itself on a separate silver dish artis-
tically arranged. Any one who has a
little taste can imitate the arrange-
ment. Take four plates of equal size;
put on them some green leaves-bay-
leaves, geraniums, or whatever one
happens to have at hand-and arrange
the fruit to suit the different kinds.
Make a pyramid of bright red apples,
with four apples for a base, three on
top, and one on top of all, with the
leaves in between. Arrange oranges in
the same way, but on the third plate
lay bunches of grapes carelessly on
leaves, and on the fourth put bananas.
Lo! with the four plates at the four
corners your table is dressed at once.
Nuts may be used instead of fruit on
one plate, and figs and dates on the
Pain back of your
eyes? Heavy pressure
in your head? And are
you sometimes faint and
dizzy? Is your tongue
coated? Bad taste in
your mouth P And does
your food distress you ?
Are you nervous and ir-
ritable? Do you ohen
have the blues? And
are you troubled about
ltaw yw~, M h
But their is a cure.
'Tis the old reliable
They act directly on
the liver. They cure
sick headache, nausea,
and dyspepsia. Take a
laxative dose each night.
For 60 years years they
have been the Standard
Pita 21 mat. An abn lMs.
"I have tken Ayer's Pills regu-
larly for six months. They have
cred me of a severe headache, and
I can now walk from two to four
miles without getting tired or out
of breath, something I have not
been able to do for many yemr."
8. E. WALWOaK,
July 13,L 8. Salem. ass
0~e the 0eeE0M.
SWT Y A Dor r.
rIt ou have. sy eom.l.tot whatever
and Tdeire te bet me aaica e you
can posibly receive. write the doctor
freely. You will receive a prompt re.
ply without cost. Address,
Da. J. C. ATER. Lowel MNas.
other, but beware of the old-fashioned
fruit basket or dish if you wish your
table to be up-to-date.-Woman's
State of Ohio, City of Toledo, Lucas
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he
is senior partner of the firm of F. J.
Cheney & Co., doing business in the,
city of Toledo, County and State afore-
said, and that said firm will pay the
sum of ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS
for each and every case of catarrh
that cannot be cured by the use of
Hall's Catarrh Cure.
FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before me and subscribed
in my presence, this 6th day of Decem-
ber, A. D., 1886. A. W. Gleason,
Seal. Notary Public.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter-
nally and acts directly on the blood and
mucous surfaces of the system. Send
for testimonials free.
F. J. CIENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Sold by all druggists, 75 cents.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
AN ANNUAL DISTURBANCE.
Politiclan-lHow are things up in your
Farmer-Waal, I tell you. the country's
likely to 'be consid'able disturbed most
any time ndw.
Politician--So? Expansion or sliver, I
Farmer-No. Spring plowin'.-Philadel-
392 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
LO IDA AGICULTUI ST.
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Jacksonville, drop us a line to above address.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 30, 1900.
25 to 30 cents per pound, which paid for
the expense of growing it, and that was
good enough for the average farmer. I
was interested In fruit growing, however,
and, after learning that I had stopped in
the wrong section to follow the same, I
drifted to the high lake regions of Put-
nuen and Clay counties, and employed
myself to a wealthy Connecticut geiate-
men, who had a variety orchard of or-
anges, olives, figs, pears, plums and
peaches, and I took such interest In the
business that I was subsequently pro-
moted to foreman of a 150,000 property
for less than 5 per cent. of original cost
(you can all guess about the time this
Well, I soon realized that I 'had a veri-
table white elephant to pay taxes on and
nothing to pay taxes with, as the orange
trees were killed. The peach, pear and
plum trees were neglected, having given
no returns to former owner. So I began
to trim up, work out, and fertilize the
old peach trees of which there were about
500 peen-to and honey varieties, believing
as I did that the proper way to get re-
turns from peaches was to give them the
same close attention that I would any-
The result was I made money sufficient
from less than 'half of these old peach
trees, (the peen-tos proving unprofitable
this far north) to pay the taxes on the
property, besides buying the necessaries
of life for my family as long as I owned
the property which was over two years,
and I proved so conclusively to the gen-
tleman to whom I sold that there was
money in peaches, that he now has over
a hundred acres In peaches. Well now
for my methods of planting and culti-
Boll.-The soil for a peach orchard
should be, if possible, naturally well
drained and of the best quality of land
you have; some people seem to think that
if they have an old field that will not
produce profitable farm crops any longer,
there is the place to plant the orchard.
No greater mistake can possibly be made.
If you are not willing to devote good land
to the orchard, advice would be to let the
business alone. In the section of coun-
try for which I am writing we have no
red lands and but little clay sub-soil, but
the greasy send loam Is good enough
For an ideal peadh orchard plot I
would select some good lake front slop-
ing to the north or northwest if possi-
ble. Virgin soil is preferable, but I have
seon u, d and oronfltable neec-h trees
At the recent meeting of the State grown on old land, when judiciously fer-
Horticultural Society, Mr. W. B. Ba- tilized and cultivated. I would also try
ker, of Columbia county, contributed to get a plot as free from the little bush
the following interesting paper on commonly known as the gopher apple as
possible, as I consider this a very prolific
fruit trees: breeder of root knot, and my theory is,
I fail to understand why I was chosen an ounce of prevention is worth a pound
as one of this committee, unless it was of cure.
that President Taber, seeing that I want- Setting Out.-I need not attempt to give
ed to be a fruit grower so very rmuoh, any ideas on this very essential part of
and iY the goodness of his heart, thought the subject, after we have just had such
he would give me a little boost by plac- an excellent article from President Taber.
Ing me on an important committee; and, Fertilizing.-A pound of good bone meal
it such was his reason, I can say it seems at the time of setting I find gives the
to have had the desired effect. As I tree a wonderful impetus, and for sec-
have been asked to take charge of vart- ond application, a pound or so to the tree
ous peach ordhards lt East Florida, ag- of ay well ground and blendid high
gregating some three hundred and ffty grade commercial fertilizer, I find Mapes
acres, and now I am sure you will agree to be most excellent, especially if early
with me ere I am through reading this fruiting is desired.
paper, when I say I have a fictitious rep- But I find after a visit to fruit growing
utation on peach culture. sections of Georgia that their methods of
I came to this State a little more than fertilizing for fruit are different to ours,
eighteen years ago, an invalid, with the or to my experience on the light sandy
hope that the healthful climate would soils of my section. They seem to think,
restore me suffloiently to engage in the and no doubt justly, that their great suc-
seductive orange culture. I was only an cess in peach growing is due largely to
inexperienced lad the, of course, and on the knowledge which the growers have
arriving at Lake City. Columbia county, of the needs of their soil. The manurial
was told that there was no better place treatment I find especially to differ with
in the State to grow olalnges, as some my experience here in the following par-
large seedling trees around that town ticular: Where I would cultivate my or-
would seem to testify. We proceeded chard up to October at least they cease
forthwith to purchase land and set a to cultivate after June, when the land is
small grove, setting more peach trees, sown with cow peas or some humus or ni-
however, than we did oranges, as peach trogeneous gathering crop. Nitrogen be-
trees were much cheaper than oranges, ng the most expensive ingredient, they
and we knew something about growing claim great economy in supplying it, in
peaches and nothing about growing or- this way, 'which has proven to me (while
anges. beneficial to the land), very detrimental
The peach industry was not on it that to the peach tree, having a tendency as
time, but thee was a very notiteab+ it. does, to breed root knot.
and remarekabe fact, that every bushel of IPruning.-It would no doubt be Irter-
deceat peaches brought to Lale City testing to know the different ideas that ac-
brought from p1 to $1.50 per bushel; while tuate the minds of some of the great
hundreds of bushels were allowed to drop army of those who wield the shears, the
off and spoil on the farms throughout saw and the pruning knife. Lt may be
the county, which could have been made the case that many of them are victims
marketable by a little care and atten- of mistaken nations. like the apprentice
Uon to the trees at the ploper tie But whom I once heard of, who was set to
umar SuIlSuq sea uo~)o9 eWin ~14 IS grind the tools In his master's absence
one day, and when asked at night wheth-
er he had ground all the tools, replied in
the affirmative, except that he had not
been able to grind down the teeth of the
If we had to guess at the intentions of
some of the pruners of deciduous trees
whom I have seen at work, one would
imagine they had been sent to give the
trees a good hacking, and if so they car-
rted orders out to the letter.
We have seen those who were supposed
to be experienced hands, set to prune
peach trees, and noticed that not only
the breast-wood was cut back, but all
spurs were cut back too, irrespective of
whether there was fruit buds below the
cut or not.
There are those whose conception of
pruning is to shear aM Aides alike, so as
to make as uniform as possible, and there
are other kinds of uniformity that is very
offensive to the eye and entirely objec-
tionable. This is the practice of pruning
large trees all to one uniform shape; not
merely that bracing branches may be
headed back to make the trees more com-
pact, but to fashion them according to
one preconceived Ideal, and when such
trees are leafless they are suggestive of
scarecrows. There should always be some
object in pruning though no doubt every
wielder of the knife stands ready to af-
firm that he had that aim, but whatever
the object may be let me insist that the
hand be guided by judgment and reason
Varieties.-The selection of varieties for
the commercial orchard is a vital point
to its success, and In making this selec-
tion there are many considerations that
need our attention. While I do not con-
demn new varieties, yet it is wisdom on
the part of the commercial growers to
go very slow, until he has tested them
himself, or they have been tested by oth-
ere than the nursery man and that in
soils similar to his own. And the matter
of hardness is another 'rital one. for
while a variety may be beautiful in ap-
pearance and fine in flavor, it may on
account of its unproductiveness be alto-
gether unworthy a place in the commer-
The grower should also study the pro-
duction of other peach growing centres,
with which he may 'be brought into com-
petition, and should confine his liUt to a
few varieties such as are not grown in
other favored large peach growing sec-
tions. The Waldo, Angel and Honey ve-
rieties are good enough for me, and does
not come in contact with the large El-
bertas Co. of Georgia, unless we have
a very dry season and they a very
favorable one, will treat on best methods
of packing perhaps when we get more
fruit to shin.
Diseases.-I claim to try to be an up-to-
date peach grower in all respects, save
the biological aspects of diseases and the
biographical histories of insects suoh as
infest the peach tree. As all my experi-
ence has been confined to 'high pine lands,
which I think free from all insects, as I
claim to have never been bothered with
any to any considerable extent, except
The Borer.-This fellow has no respect
for location, health or climate, and will
attack a sick tree the sane as a well
one, a well fed tree or a poorly fed one.
and as we all know is a stubborn fellow
to combat, and I find but one sure prac-
tical remedy for him, and that is the
quack's potato bug remedy-catch him
and kill him. This would seem to save
a very tedious and loathsome task but
being my occupation in borer season I
can say it is not as bad as you might
suppose, and there is something about it.
Plums.-I have not much to say for the
plum, my experience with this fruit be-
ing confined to the Kelsey only. I had
ten acres, or about 400 very large flour-
ishing looking Kelsey trees, which were
budded on sweet native stock. I have
just had the major part of them cut
down and relegated to the orange tree
cemetery on the lakeshore, after patiently
but vainly waiting nearly ten years for
the fruits of my labors, a veritable snow
bank of white bloom each spring being
the only compensation for many -hard
licks and dollars spent.
The Pear.-Of the pears grown in this
section of the State I fnd the LeConte
to be the most profitable, and in fact the
only kind worth growing, and that only
for home use, as if dependent upon them
for a money maker, like the Kelsey plum,
will only prove in the end a delusion
and a snare-the blight or die back being
the only serious enemy to the pear. I
will just say a few words in regard to
my observations on the same, and I
quote here from a lengthy article on the
subject seen in the FFarmer and Fruot
Grower department of the T.-U. & C.
last summer, which was very misleading,
though from the pen of a man whom I
know to be both practical and successful
in nrist things, vis.:
We have in our pear orchards what is
by some of our growers called blight or
dieback, and for all I know there may
be other names. I have taken some
pains to ascertain the cause of this mal-
ady in my travels through a large por-
tion of Clay and Putnam counties this
summer, and I have concluded that in
the majority of cases it is starvation, or
what might be termed Indigestion, which
Is simply starvation by another name.
Now any old settler in the pear growing
section of Florida. (The writer of the
above being an amateur of only three
years resident In the State) has long
since learned that it would not do to
plant a pear tree in a very rich place,
as 'there is where the blight was al-
ways known to dirst attack them. Being
a resident of one of the richest fanning
sections of Columbia county and notic-
ing this result of good care on good land
in a large pear orchard owned by a Mr.
Degrone, I decided to set my orbcard in
the poorest plat of land I owned in Clay
county, which is as poor as can be found
in the State, "if not in the world," and
the result is I have 80 trees (all I have)
eight years old with not a sign of blight,
nor have they ever had the lightest sign
nor have they ever had but one small ap-
plication of fertilizer and but one plow-
ing each year, and while they have
made comparatively slow growth, of
course, they are today, the very picture
of health, as the old lady living in the
Okeefenokee swamp would like you to say
of her children.
Why Not Baise Our Own Sugar?
The New York Sun, in commenting on
the failure of a sugar beet mill company
because the mill was situated too far
from the beet fields, says: "Why should
we not raise our own sugar just as we
raise our own bread-stuffs, and provisions
There is no reason why we should not.
According to the Sun's figures it would
require only a million acres of land to
grow the sugar we now consume. It is
safe to say that we have that amount of
cane sugar lands, to say nothing about
the beet sugar lands. Attention is being
drawn to the cane sugar lands of this
State and Florida. We mentioned a few
days ago that a sugar refinery to cost a
million of dollars was to be built at Tam-
pa. In our dispatches yesterday it was
stated that the prospect of a refinery at
Quitman was very promising. It would
not be at all surprising if there should
be quite a number of refneries In this
State and Florida within the next few
There is no good reason why we should
continue to pay annually to other coun-
tries more for sugar than we get for the
wheat we export. Last year the wheat
we sent abroad brought us $81,446405,
while we paid out for sugar $108,12,887.
There is no good reason why our great
country, having every variety of climate
and soil, should not raise all the sugar
we need.-Savannah News.
A Thriving Farm.
Mr. H. W. Simms, of Moultrie, has a
farm which is not surpassed in this sec-
'tion of the State, and speaks highly of his
industry and able management.
There are 100 Japan persimmon trees
on the place, which Mr. Simms says will
yield 30,000 persimmons this year. He
estimates his grape crop at 250 bushels.
The grapes are of the scuppernong vari-
ety and very fine. Besides the fruits
mentioned he expects to pick seventy-five
bushels of Kelsy plums and fifty bushels
of peaches. A thriving young orchard of
pear, apple and prune trees occupy a
portion of the farm, but the yield has
not yet been estimated.
Last year Mr. Simms made 650 gallons
of wine from his grape crop, and expects
to improve on it this year.
Florida land will yield an abundant
harvest if properly cultivated and attend-
ed to, as has been proved in numerous
instances, and Mr. Simms has demon-
strated the fact that St. Johns county is
favored with all the requisites for repay-
ing the farmer for Ils toll.--t. Augus-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 393
Immense orapetruit Trees to be
We have already predicted that in
five years Lee county will be the
greatest producer of grapefruit of any
county in the State. eW say this be-
cause the best judges of this fruit
among the large trutt deiers through.
out the country have given it as their
opinion that the grapefruit from this
county is the finest that reaches the
Northern markets, and bring the high-
est prices. That the soil and climate
of this county is just suited for the
perfect cultivation and maturing of
this fruit Is now fully demonstrated.
Evidences of this can be seen in the
flourishing grapefruit trees in all parts
of the county. Another thing, the
grapefruit is really the latest to ripen
of the citrus fruit and this together
winth the fact that the tree is more sus-
ceptible to cold than the orange, will
make it more profitable to grow, be-
cause the fruit growers farther north
in the State will endeavor to seek the
hardy varieties of the citrus family,
and also devote their energies to the
growing of early fruits, that will ripen
In time to be harvested before the
ULhrimano hoiidays. They have learn-
ed a lesson from the past, which Is to
get their fruit off the trees as early as
possible. This means that the late
market will be left to the Lee county
grower, and if he is wise he will make
a specialty of late fruits. The grape-
fruit is not fully matured until March,
and so the Lee county grower will
have the months of February, Marclt
and April In which to market grape-
fruit and late oranges.
Among those who have come to see
the possibilities of grapefruit produc-
tion, is Mr. D. A. G. Floweree, of Hel-
ena, Montana. He is a man who never
does things on a small scale. He is a
true representative of the big hearted
Western American, having spent the
greater part of his Ufe In the great
West, and ike ah Westernepl, wagpt
plenty of elbow room.
Just before taking his departure for
the West he purchased from Mr. H. H.
Stevens, a tract of 180 acres of ham-
mock land, situated an the Caloosahat-
chee river, a mile or two above the
Alva landing, paying $4,000 for the
tract. This land has never been on
the market before, or It would have
been bought up long ago, as it is
known to be one of the richest bodies
of hammock on the river. We saw the
property last week, and it is teriaia
ly one of the finest bodies of land in
the county. Mr. Floweree has author-
ized Mr. n~. Heitman to act as his
agent here ano has given instructions
to have the entire tract cleared at once
and planted in trees. It is proposed to
plant 150 acres in grapefruit and 30
acres in oranges, which will make this
the largest grove in Lee county and
one of the largest in the State.
Mr. Floweree will not stop with this
immense grove, however. He is about
to purchase another large tract to be
planted out, and am soon as the deal is
closed we shall give the facts to our
readers.-Ft. Myers Press.
STREET CAR MANNERS.
Stout Old Gentlemnan (fi street car, to
slim young man next to him)-I say,
young man, If you had good manners you
would get up and give this lady a seat.
"If you got up yourself, str," said the
a0im rounI mMnl 1ro could gise her two
"Yes, the Germans have the reputation
of being qutte phlegmatic.
"Yes. 'I've even heard thwt some Ger-
man babies don't show any emotion while
THE WIT OF WOMEN.
Quinn-Wihen women Imagine them-
selves wits they are a. menace to the coan-
DeFonte-You must have met same of
Quinn-Yes, my wife. Sheasked me tf
a sea horse was in any way related to a
HE BELIEVED HIS EYES.
Lady of the House-Ah, you are read-
ing. I thought you were lhad at work.
ssl--Yarf mm I'n V- l-ing a el.
Lady-WllI gyu tl 11me10 wo woito ItQ
Cook-Wrote it? It atn't written at all,
mum; it's printed..-ColUer's Weekly.
PROMPTED BY EXPERIENCE.
Witfe-I wish I could get something to
paep timh rats flmn comne into the
*Husband-Why don't you do your own
TO THE DEAF.
A rich lady, cured of her deafness and
noises in the head by Dr. Nicholson's
Artificial Ear Drums, gave $10,0000 to his
Institute, so that deaf people unable to
procure the Ear Drums may have them
free Address 1226c. The Nicholson In-
stitute, 7W eighthh Avenue, New York.
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or
money refunded. W. H. Mann. Man-
ville, Fla. 10x18-1900
ROSELI.E makes splendid sauce, jelly, pies,
pickles, wine, shrub, etc 2 dozen plants
mailed for 25c; large. 20c. doz. Sees 25c.
oz; 1Oc. package. B. THOMPSON, Avon
LAND TO RENT-In South Fla. for what it
will produce over $100 pr. Acre Party
must have some money. I. M. DEPEUR
FOR SALE-A few thousand Carney Parson
Brown Orange, Marsh Seedless and Wal-
ters Grape Fruit Bye Buds. $5 per thou-
sand. E. L. CARNEY, Lake Weir. Fla. 2
POR SALE-Select.d .eed -relet b.- t tt
per single oniuel. KEIucilon on laRye
amounts on cars at Candler. W. H. De-
LONG, Candler, Fla.
IAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25c per dozen. Good sized plants ready
now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale. Flor-
500 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make
your choice. White and Brown leghois,
lBrrId 2nd White F. Kookea, and a tlw R ff
of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cata-
logue and price list free.
5tf. E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
VILLA LAKE NURS.BIES.
Fruitland Park, Lake Co., Fla.
Offers for July planting 5 varieties of 2 and
3 year citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address, C. W. FOX, Prop.
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
Grapefruit Trees 4,500 budded Box 271,
Orlando, Fla.. f
FOR SALE-A few trios of Buff Plymouth
Rocks; a.so eggs from two vards. not re-
ated. Mrs. F. It. HASKINS, Mannville. Fla.
WE HAVE complete list American
Manufacturers. Can buy for you at low-
est prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
-gines, boilers, incubators, windmills, or
anything wanted. Correspondence solic-
American Trades Agency,
Jacksonville, Fla. 6tt
OUR VELVET BEAN HULLER is in
Arrangements are perfected for longg
your work promptly; our capacity be-
ing twenty bushels an hour. Get your
beans in early and we will store them
for you free of charge. Our charge for
hulling Is but 15c. a bushel for the beans
after they are hulled, 60 pounds to the
bushel.-E. O. PAINTER & CO., DE-
LAND, FLA. 6tf.
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
FOR SALE-4100 cash. Eight acres of
high pine land near DeLand Junction; 3
acres cleared, three acres of which arc
in grove, the balance of the tract is in
timber. Small house and a well on the
place. Address, T. M. H., Care Agricul-
turist, DeLand, Fla. Pty
THE U. S LIVI STOCK REMEDY has prov
ed most efficient in preventing and curing
Hog and Chicken Cholera and kindred di.s-
eases. It is also a fine condition powder.
Sale. are increainm. If TOmr dra'cr don-t
Keep lI we will maI! t to you on receipt of
price 25c per % lb. Liberal discount to deal-
er ISAAC MORGAN, Agent, Kissimmee,
YOU KEEP BES?
No matter-my 64-page Bee Book
Itwill interest and please you. I know it
will. It's free. Write toda-the honey sea-
son's coming. J. 1. Jeoim ., Wetumpha,
"Certificate Am. Inst. Fair."
and Excelsio Feed and Poultry
THE GRIFFIN BROTHERS COMPANY,
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies
Poultry Netting WL".! Columbia Bicycles
CHARTER OAK STOV S.,
CARRARA PAINT, IRON PIPE., BOILERS AND PUMPS
WRITE FOR PRICES.
GEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
PART RAIL, PART SEA.
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK,
BOSTON AND EAST.
SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEOROIA.
Thence via Ship, sailings from Savannah, Four Ships each week to New York :ind Two
to Boston. All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write
for general information, sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
E. H. HINTON. Trame ilgr., WALTEK HAWKINS, Gen. Agt.,
Savannah, Ga. 224 W. Bay St Jacksonville, Fla
SPECIAL UNTIL JULY 1, 1900.
ViTo reduce our enormous stock of pot-grown plants, consisting of
About hall-a-million Tropical and Semi-Tropical Fruit trees. Econo-
S mical, Medicinal, and Useful Plants and tiees, Bamboos, Conifers.
f Palms and Cjrcndl. rEna. ItlBsellaBnola ornamtial *ru T,'si"a
hlifth., and flowering plants, we will untill JULY FIRST offer any
Sand all at a cash discount of 33 1-3 per cent forn our list prices
3 when order amounts to $1.00 and over, byexpress orfreight;if plants
are wanted by mail, a discount of 20 percent only will be allowed.
W e have a large stock ol such plants as guavas, mangoes, sapodillas,
S star-apples, cherimovas, loquats, camphor, etc, etc.. all healthy and
tree f-om in."eo 7n i itrni natnh we can snlx allow usnal disieuint
01 20 per cent., when order amounts to 95.00 or over. Send for ele-
gant catalogue, most complete published in the South (free) and get
some bargains. REASONER BROS., Oneco, Florida;
FOR SUMMER AND
ORANGE TREES FAIL AND
l FALL PLANTING a
Budded on either Sweet or Sour All Standard varieties of Orange,
Orange, Rough Lemon or Citrus Oj rape Fruit and other citrus fruits
Trifoliata Stocks . . .. in stock . . . . .
Trees budded on Citrus Trifollata bear young and are
especially suited where artificial protection is used.
HIGHEST j GRADE t TREES 4 AT LOW PRICES
Complete Stock of all Classes of Fruit and Ornamental Trees.
FLRMSSA GROWN PEAAC TIREE FOR LARGE ORCiARD
PLANTING A SPECIALTY.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
EVOUVE OLD DZPABTXENT.
Address all communications to the
Household Department, Agriculturist,
A HELPFUL 00QNEB.
Points on Salads.
These early days of spring are truly
"green and salad days." After long in-
dulgence in the heavy, rich foods of the
winter season, one's flagging appetite
needs tempting, and nothing is more
cooling, appetizing and refreshing than
a crisp salad. Lettuce is a vegetable in
reach of all, which, simply seasoned
with vinegar, pepper and salt, will pass
muster, but, later on, when tomatoes
come in, a layer of green lettuce leaves.
one of sliced to matoes, with mayon-
nalse dressing appeals to tile eye and
palate alike. Chopped celery and
shredded cabbage each make excellent
salad, that can be served with your
choice of dressing, seasoning or sauce.
From time immemorial chicken
salad has graced the board, and no dish
at an entertainment Is more popular
Left over meat, beef. veal, mutton or
poultry, chopped dne with equal quaun-
tity of celery and chopped with mayon-
naise, will please the careful house-
keeper and her family.
Some are very liartial to potato salad
made of boiled mashed potatoes, seas-
oned with minced onion, melted but-
ter, hard boiled egt pepper and salt
and a little mustard Garnish with
ptarley and iFinags t L ,Qlod ggo- Tio6o
who do but little Suniby cooking can
prepare this dish on Sa'%rday for next
day's dinner. The succ 'ent beet will
give variety to the list ,-t vegetables
to be thus utilized, and if you lean to-
ward aestheticism, arrange alternate
slices of red and white on your salad
My mother used to serve sliced on-
ions and hard boiled eggs, together
with finishing touch of pepper, salt and
vinegar. This last vegetable is a won-
derful cosmetic-eaten, and one has
only to give tne teeth a thorough
brubshing, mad as an stra presButionl
eat a little ground coffee to be rid of
the pervasive odor.
A dish that must have decended In
our family from a French ancestor is
prepared thus: Slice four large onions
Into your frying pan half full of cold
water, and boil, covered, till tender. If
at this stage the water has not boiled
away, drain it off and add a level ta-
blespoonful of lard. Break a dozen
eggs into a bowl and, when lard is hot,
pour them on the onions. As the eggs
set, scramble with onions, adding salt
t'4 fppPr 1p tV t t ped serve imme-
By all means have the vegetables
used in salads crisp and fresh, keeping
in cold water, qr, if possible, on ice,
until used. Your lettuce leaves should
look as if "newly washed in dew."
Last, but by no means least, comes
the dressing, which, if properly pre-
pared, is highly nutritious, and easily
digested. If one is economical in the
matter of taking pains, or lacks time,
Prepared salad dressing is obtainable
that is quite satirsactory. A good
housekeeper furnishes me a recipe for
mayonnaise dressing which has virtu"
tue of being quickly made, and, be-
sides, it came from a doctor's cook,
who catered to invalids, to all of
whom it gave satisfaction, being the
result of many experiments. To make
a sufficient quantity for eight persons,
beat 2 eggs to froth, drop into while
while heating a pinch of red pepper, a
pinch of salt, a tiny pinch of dry mus-
tard; then stir in slowly two large ta-
blespoonfuls of olive oil and one of
vinegar. Place the vessel containing It
in boiling water over a fire and stir till
it sets. When sufficiently thick
which will be in about five minutes.
remove the vessel and set in a cool
place. When cold, stir in a tablespoon-
ful of cream. This recipe omffs a large
amount of the usual elbow grease and
Will please the most rastitious ir care-
fully compounded.-Lucy Lea Bell in
The Skirt for 1900.
There is no doubt now that the very
much trimmed skirts will not be ac-
cepted by the best dressed of woman-
kind. We have become so accustomed
to graceful lines that we are not likely
to wish to increase our proportions ex-
cept round the feet, where, in the new,
soft, spring materials, it seems impos-
sible to get too much frou frou, which
curls delightfully round us as we walk,
or rather move, for it is no easier to
walk in the skirt of 1900 than it was
in that of 1899. It is nice for the wo-
man with a good figure to know that
she may still preserve it and yet be in
the fashion. The -.hort reign of pan-
niers anl the full skirt shows the de-
termination on ine part of the Itaders
of fashion, who are willing 'to forego
their desire for novelty in order to re-
tain as long as possible a becoming
The bolero has been rather overdone,
and therefore its decline is assured in
smart circles, but there is no doubt
that a few weekh ago all went bolero
mad, and this is the cause of its
Some smart compromises between
the Eton and bolero are being worn in
black glace, and even satin, but the
smartest and newest tailor coats are
made with a short hip basque, which
is extremely chic, especially in cloth
when it is adaptable to a real tailor-
mafio and yu iting ooetumo-
Of course, a pale biscuit shade, and
a slaty gray are, for the moment most
favored, for beautiful as are the Wedg.
wood and pastel tints, they have been
a little overdone. But it is well to re-
member that if a color really suits you
it is sure to look nice, though one can-
not help tiring quickly of very pro-
nmmirt-il to-rn whlic- one ntn too much
bome Changing Styles.
Many of our exclusive dressmakers
are thinking that the bolero will soon
be followed by longer jackets and that
the custom of loading gowns with in-
tricate trimmings and heavy laces will
shortly be much modified.
"I get my styles from the windows
on Fourteentif street and the bargain
counters," laughingly asserted one of
our most exclusive couteurieres. "Just
as soon as I see those windows begin
to brintle with displays of the fashion-
able fabrics and cuts, I take the signal
and refuse to send out another garment
from my establishment in that i tyle.
I always remember the danger of bit-
ing too deeply into overripe fruit, and
when a style like the bolero, for in-
stance, becomes omnipresent, I b gini
to cudgel my brains as to how to hecp
away from it. It is established for the
summer certainly, but in buying a suit
in which you hope to make a smart aip-
pearance in the early fall avoid the bo-
Many of the nhouo on Fifth arvnue
are displaying longer jackets already,
and it is a safe prophecy that they will
soon be preferred to the jaunty bolero,
simply because we can have seen the
latter too often.
Some very pretty new shirtwaists
are of pink and blue linen, with a
white thread visible here and there in
the fabric, but without any figure or
stripe. They are not tucked or box-
pleated, but show numerous insertions
of nanr.o at -vhite beading ashaut an
iflic apart, riiining Uii aMd db6Wf the
blouse. These are without doubt the
newest shirtwaists and are worn with
white stocks and graduated white
pleadings down the front.-T.-U. & C.
To prepare the delicate, puffy souffle
potatoes which are such a feature in
French restaurants is not a difficult
matter, once you know how, says an
exchange. It is necessary, however, to
follow directions accurately. While
the French cook uses for this purpose
the small yellow Holland potatoes, any
Inealy kind will produce equally good
results. The potatoes must always be
sliced lengthwise, else they would not
puff, and cut a little thicker than Sara-
toga potatoes, in order to make the two
crusts. If they stand in cold water an
hour or tinw after cutting so much the
better. When ready to cook, drain and
wipe dry. Have ready two kettles of
fat for the frying; one smoking hot,
the otner at even a little higher tem-
perature. Drop a few pieces of the po-
tato at a tinlI into the first kettle.
When half done skim out and drain for
three or four minutes in the oven or
on the back of the range, where they
will keep warm. Then drop in the sec-
ond kettle, when they will immediate-
ly puff up. Cook until a golden brown.
To remove white spots from furni-
ture rub with spirits of camphor.
Clean oil cloths with milk and wa-
ter; a brush and soap will ruin them.
Nice housekeepers dust with damp-
ened cloth and rinse it out after each
Never wash raisins that are to be
used in sweet dishes. tI will make the
pudding heavy. To clean them wipe
in a dry towel.
Mix a little carbonate of soda with
the water in which flowers are im-
mersed, and it will preserve them for
a fortnight. Common saltpetre is also
a good preservative.
When putting away the silver ten or
coffee pot which is not used every day.
lay a little stick across the top under
the cover. This will allow the fresh
air to get in, and prevent mustiness.
Brass ornaments may be cleansed
by washing them with rock alum which
has been dissolved in boiling hot water.
Washing ammonia, applied with a flan-
nel cloth, will also clean brass.
With v'cly littilo laui washing Ull-
ver in water in which a teaspoonful
of ammonia has been added will keep
the silver with a white polish, and
glassware will polish much more eas-
ily if washed in water to which ammo-
nia has been added.
Another recipe for cleaning silver
is highly recommended: Mix two
ounii-ra f nlmlinnia. two of preliparol
chalk and eight ounces of rain water;
apply with a soft flannel and rub with
chamois skin. For the filagree work
use a silver brush.-Ex.
Death to Moths.
Benzine and cabolic acid, one gallon
to one ounce, is sure deatl to
n'oths. But it cannot be used in del-
icate fabrics and from its inflammable
character must be used with great
caution. A hand atomizer is the easi-
est way to apply it.
The fumes of during camphor gum
or sulphur will suffoonte moth millers.
Ii is a very disagreeable operation, but
is so effective that any room where
they are known to be should be fumi-
gated this month. To do this with en-
tire success remove the contents of
trunks and wardrobes and hang on
backs of chairs; close doors and win-
dows; set a panful of water in the mid-
dle of the room, at a safe distance
from all the hangings and furniture;
in this place a small iron pot half filled
with ashes and the camphor; for a
room fifteen by eighteen feet use a
pipee as large an a walnut: saturate
with alcohol and set tie camphor on
fire. tI will burn fiercely at first, but
if proper precautions are observed
there is no danger. Leave the room as
soon as you are satisfied that your fur-
niture is in no danger of taking fire;
allow the mass to burn[ itself out,
which it will do in half an hour; open
the windows and and doors for an
Moths peter soiled to clean garments.
The first steD toward the safety of ,ar-
men ha boreo putting them away is to
turn pockets inside out, beat all dust,
saturate and clean with bensine it ne-
cessary. Allow the clothes to hang in
the sunlight for several hours. Moths
hate the light. They work in the dark.
Bags of various sizes made of seer-
sucker and stitched with double seams
are safer receptacles of clothing than
trunks and are fully equal to expensive
cedar chests.-Prairle Farmer.
Big black pompons are among the
most stylish things for the trimming of
outing hats, says an exchange. They
have a business like appearance which
is very appropriate. Flowers are not
suitable, and only the stiffest kinds of
wings are satisfactory.
Among the new trimmings is a silk
lntting about roup inuolon wdlo, wh ih
has one scalloped edge finished with a
narrow silk fringe, and midway be-
tween this and the upper edge is an-
other row of the same fringe follow-
ing the same outline. This comes in
colors as well p, black, Y
One of the latest novelties in note
paper of varying shades of blue, gray d
and violet, shows a narrow, white edge
which is very effective.
Some of the prettiest things for the
hair now worn are flowers of chiffon,
the roses of white chiffon, showing
the yellow stamens in the center be-
ing the most attractive, but other col-
ors are worn. From the center of
these flowers sometimes appear ai-
grettes, some real, and others, more
conspicuous, of chenille. One or two
flowers are worn together. Ordinarily
artificial roses are most of them jew-
eled, and also worn with the aigrette.
A pretty little .chemise made by some
expert workers in lingerie has a little
Eton jacket effect in front. Ihis is on-
ly in the front of the garment, and the
little round jacket shapes to the figure
set in in insertions of lace. The fronts
are some distance apart, and between
them the chemise is gathered in the
regulation fashion into tihe band
around the neck, and falls straight and
So beautiful are the new ribbons that
all the old fancies which once seemed
so faultless pale beside them. As in
everything else this season the colors
are as soft and shadowy as possible,
and in texture almost like gauze, but
finely and lodly woven like silk. They
ate Prelly Liberty Bil anad the wide
widths are the fashion for sashes and
peckwear, nine inches, being easily
tied around the neck twice. In fact,
narrow widths are not the thing at all.
There sl evreything in fancy ribbon,
stripped, dotted, shaded and plaids ga-
lore, but the lovely sheen on these new
plain flimsy things is.more tempting
than any other variety.
"Velours foulard," very soft and glos-
sy in finish, is one of the many novel-
ties in materials.
Cotton and silk grenadines are an-
other novelty, and the French challies
with satin stripes are more charming
In the advance exhibit of summer at-
tire are shown some beautiful effects
in printed and embroidered muslins.
in new and tempting color blendings.
Not only are these airy materials
brought out in soft, delicate tints, but
they are furnished in Jet black. In
brown, gray blue and black and white
For youthful coiffures narrow rib-
bons and small flowers, button roses in
particular, are the thing. If becom-
ing, part the hair a little on the left
side. Hair dressing Is growing a little
more elaborate and irregular; waved
lines after the pompadour is arranged
are made with the assistance of one's
dressing combs. One should experi-
ment in order to fix on what line is re-
ally becoming in this new departure.
No two farm can ntand the similar hair
arrangement across the bow.
The Stooping Habit.
One of the greatest and most com-
mon deformities of the day is one that
with care and attention can be reme-
died. It is the round- shouldered or
stooping habit. Many of the most nat-
ural figures show this tendency to
stoop, while in the narrow-chested it
Is 1mge to a parful 4dg:ee And
yet, by raising leisurely upon the toes
In a perpendicular position several
times a day this deformity can be easi-
ly rectified. To do this properly one
wust be in a perfectly upright position,
the arms dropping at the side, the
heels well together and the toes form-
ing an angle of 45 degrees.
The rise should be made very slowly
and from the balls of both feet, and
the decent should be accomplished in
the same way, without swaying the
body out of its perpendicular line. The
exercise is not an easy one, but may
be accomplished by patience. It can be
modified, too, by standing first on one
pun S u lUgI "oaqio aqi uo unaq '3-1
raising the chest at the same time is
part of the exercise, and if persevered
t will ultimately show an increased
,hest meagurementr develoinMont of
ung power and erect figure.-Cincin-
ITmy plans for next season's work while
'ou have plenty of time this winter, then
Vhen ihe time som s you will In4w just
that to do. Work well planned is half
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. s39
Address all communications to Poul-
uy Department, Box 200, DeLand, Fla.
wk. Warnaws Xnenbttor-.
When we are satisfied that we can
care for our fowls in such a way as
to keep them in perfect health, we
should then endeavor to make them lay
all the eggs which they are capable
of laying. Eggs represent a fowl's
earning quality, for from the reproduc-
tion of them the species comes. Some
breeds lay more eggs than others, but
all the practical breeds will lay eggs
enough it properly handled. Hens
should be fed to lay normally and not
be forced to highly stimulating foods.
such as contain peppery or spicy in-
Credlentl. Nor do trey neted 9ndl-
tlon powders or any medicines what-
ever so long as they are well. We are
not in the habit of giving well human
beings medicines, and It is not neces-
sary to doctor any other animal until
It Is sick.
A variety of food usually will make
a hen lay welL Grain, meat, green
food, grit and fresh water are an ,gg
ration. The grain must not be too
much corn, meat should not be fed
more than three times a week, and it
should be lean; green food should be
fed 365 days in the year, grit and fresh
water supplied every day. Layers
should not be fed fattening foods, for
this will convert them into table fowls
and stop their laying. They cannot, at
one and the same time become good ta-
ble fowls and good layers. Hens well
and liberally fed should be given the
chance, and then compelled to take
plenty of exercise.
Feeling sure that we can obtain fer-
tile eggs from our hens, we are ready
now to take up the machines. Our
farmers have been afraid of incuba-
tors. They have looked upon them as
something mysterious. gain, they
have hesitated to expend the money
they cost, feeling that the hen has al-
ways been her own Incubator, and of
course at no additional expense. Their
reasons were souna enough, out mey
can be explained away.
In the first place, there is nothing
actually mysterious about an incuba-
tor. The best machines made to-day
are very simple in construction and
management, and very inexpensive-
the mystery is all in the imagination
of the operator. The hen is a natural
and cheap incubator, but she is far
from a satisfactory one.
it Ii in ru-n ivTMw IB--] MUW a Ftu
it can be made in hatching chickens
artificially than In the natural way,
that the farmer can be made to give
the incubator any consideration. This
is also natural and practical. The
greatest point in favor of the machine
is that it Is always ready for business,
Winter, spring or summer, it is capa-
ble of hatching fertile eggs. There is
no such thing as waiting until late
spring for the broody hens. The incu-
bator is always broody.
Every farmer knows that his early
vegetables and his early crops bring
the highest figure. If he can, for ex-
vegetables and and his early crops
ample, market his muskmelons a week
or ten days earlier than his neighbor,
his profit is decidedly larger. The
same rle applies to chickens. Early
spring chickens commonly called broil-
ers, bring, in March, as high as 1.00
each, when sold to a fancy trade.
Compare this to the price of the same
article in August, or perhaps in July.
In s mnthese months 0 to 40 cents s a good
price. This Increaw In rie tran be.
obtained only by the use of the Incu-
bator, and in no other way. It is a
poor machine that, with even fair suc-
ce, and in the first season, cannot be
made to pay for itself. The expense
is small and the prospects large, and
the venture is surely worth a trial.
With the hatching machine mount go
a brooder. These are usually cheaper
than the Incubatore, and are made by
the same manufacturers.
Just as soon as pullets and hens be-
gin to lay, It is time to think of the
machines, and If fertile eggs can be
had as early as December, it will pay
to start them for early spring broilers.
Ask some friend who has made a
success of artificial hatching, and fol-
low his advice; the process will then
BSt aIpaf so fyaivioe, nga wl' 4s"
intelligent, progressive farmer hesitate
longer to add a paying branch to his
other farm crops.-E. O. Roessle in
Geese as Money Makers.
Ceo4 arO. not nearly no plentiful on
farms as their profitableness would
warrant. There is a general feeling
among farmers who have never raised
them and with some who have, that
they are not the nicest kind of poultry
to keep. If they are not properly man-
aged, they will be more or less annoy-
ing, but with proper knowledge of their
management we believe there would be
more of them. Goslings grow as fast
again as ducklings, get twice as large
in the same time, require less expen-
sive food (mostly grass, until fatted),
and when dressed bring more money
per Pwmvu than dluks, Whben they are
managed by people adapted to rearing
them goslings seldom die, except by
accident. Old geese are the healthiest
and the least liable to disease of any
poultry stock. As a rule they require
nothing in the way of shelter, except in
the extreme north and very often they
will not take shelter in the most se-
vere weather. They have peculiarities
which enable them to get along in al-
most any kind of weather. They will
draw their feet up under their feathers
and put their beaks under their wings
and when the snow drifts over them,
they get out on top of the drift and re-
sume the same position, always being
on top and ready for a meal at any
A good part of the year they, live
on pasture, and in places where there
is plenty of marsh land that is unfit
for any other purpose geese 'can be
made to turn some profit out of it. Gen-
erally stock geese do not have to be
renewed every year or two, like hens,
but when once mated they will con-
tinue to breed for five or eight years
or longer if they are well managed.
The young stock is the only kind sold,
and breeding stock may be kept for a
long time. A young goose is a tooth-
some dish. but an old goose is toul'it_"
than trunk hinges. The best result
are Ubtaineui by renewing ilt gaindrid
every five or six years and they should
be as nearly in pairs as possible, as
geese are monogamous.
It will require but little capital to
embark in the geese business. Brood-
er houses are not needed, and incuba-
tor cellars and a whole not of capital
destroying equipment are not requir-
ed to keep geese. They should have
plenty of permanent water to do well.
ATI' BiP lI -in:tl tin ( 1 Irull iUluIro
large tanks are set into the ground and
the waste water from the supply tank's
turned into it. They do well in the
meadows after the hay has been re-
moved. Vegetables which are usually
thrown away will make good winter
feed for them. Should vermin be kept
away from them there will be little
trouble with them.-Iowa Homestead.
OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowledg-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and stricture without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures In 90 per cent. of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nevous Disorders, Kid-
ny and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice is more than double
tIat or any other speialist. cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
cians, rapidly yield to his treatment.
Write him to-day fully about your case.
He makes no charge for consultation
or advice, either at his office or by
mail. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D. 25
Prysa SRrtet, Savannahr Coa
If you have a gobd farm that is not
paying as much as you think it ought set
a portion of it to some good varieties of
fruit trees. then you will make part of it
pay at least.
If you wish paying results advertise in
Sharples Cream Separators-Profit-
Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gaines-
ville to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special inducements to pur-
ehliakie vf oU0 Oats, 6s6a PLtatoo, VClveL Uceno. oti.
ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE SEED
READY FOR DELIVERY.
Address all orders and Inquiries to
P. F. WILS N, Jacksonville, Florida.
MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
S 6 9 Passenger Service-
Florid To make cloTe connec-
FloridR aU tlons wit steamers leave
NewV York Jascksonville (Union de-
Sl pot) Thursdays t:20 a. m.,
Phila- (F. C. P. Ry.)or Fernan-
dina 1: 0p. m.. via Cum-
delphia & fi berland steamer; meals
dea & en route, or "all rail" via
Boston Plant System at 7:45 p. m.,
BOStLQo (ar. Brunswick 11:30 p. m.,
rm B ,wic diret to passengers on arrival go-
.rom Brunswick direct to ag directly aboard team
New York. ler
ROPOIID SAILINGo for Meb. 1900.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK, GA. DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY AS FOLLOWS:
S. S. RIO GRANDE ............................ ...riday, March 9.
S. S. COLORADo.................................Friday, March 16.
RIO GRANDE..... .................... .... ....Friday, March 23.
S. S. COLORADO .... ...... .... ........ ....... .. Friday, March 30.
SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO BRUNSWICK, STEAMERS LEAVE PIER R
R., EVERY FRIDAY, 3:00 P. M.
For general information, steamers, trains, rates, etc., apply to
BASIL GILL, dtay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
H. H. Raymond, General Southern Agent, Brunswick, Ga.,
C. H. Mallory & Co.. general Agents, Pier 20E. R. and 385 Broadway, N. Y.
a!!.p.Sa y ou rono
5on5 ,ca. yeasaaw i
=4X1=b7Zsam W now
=suiar eur6n Sae M=mye Lr, s u
ion sad, wfi s- a 1 c-z ma for sich Am U..
BEot $WARE ORm IMIlTATIONSw |T
t *tis.,. "... s.-.,,I,, sd.*-lu ev. wi ,
BEWARE OF IM*5ITATION S*5 WhrZ E =w
nmLSU a"i1 Was AM Nor.
THE BURDICK S W.igSKP I t-
m11cOrO1eNr aaRRs nasiwf.=lx l"UM .MS Me3 |
1ii[ jPAO [ fi tj
A NICE, SWEET, PLUMP
choolma'am pleases the eye. So does Page Fence.
PAfiL WOVEfi WlnU PF'5 Wou.,DBuJSI,UiBU,
Western Poultry Farm,
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profilablA. It 1i Up to IHis. II paglw
Send to day. We sell best liquid lce till-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 doz., 20 ets; 35 for 30
cts; 50 for 50 cta; 100 for 1.
Tak. HFi Co-l. SCati
Plamic ..d Co..&. =,.
Patticmlu aetio. to rephairs
1o0 a. Charts Ot
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
AN OLD MAII,'S MARRI-
Miss Mattie was In a dilemma. A chill
gleam of April sunshine Shot across the
table and lit dancingly on Miss Mattie's
face. Miss Mattle was not averse to sun-
* shine ordinarily, -but this intrusive and
Irresponsible beam annoyed her; besides,
it made the flame of fire look sickly, and
disturbed maiden meditations. She put on
her spectacles, carefully adjusted her
cap, and prepared for the worst. Then
she rang the bell for Prudence, her hand-
madden, who appeared in Quaker gray
and a snowy cap. Idttle robeious curls
danced out from beneath the cap in a
frivolous fashion which nothing could re-
strain. Even now as she came In she
made an attempt to reduce them to order,
but In vain.
"Prudence," said Miss Mattie, "what
did the doctor's boy say?"
"That worldly youth, mistress, attempt-
ed to pass the time in vain discourse
concerning certain maidens who attire
themselves in blue raiment and smite a
heathen Instrument called the tambourine
"Yes, yes, Prudence," Interrupted Miss
Mattie, "I dare say. But what did he
say about the letter?"
"He said, mistress, that he was to take
-back an answer; and I have entreated
Ihtm to much profitable conversation until
the answer be written."
Miss Mattle looked 'perplexedly at the
grave, serene-eyed lttle Quaker maid.
"How old are you, child?" she asked.
"Twenty, mistress," said Prudence.
Miss Ma-tie gased at the unopened let-
ter on the table, and then at Prudence.
"Prudence, you are young," she said,
but wiser than your years. Have you-
have you ever had a sweetheart?"
Prudence looked a little unprepared for
this remark. But phe was conscientious.
"Truly," she said, "there is one stal-
wart youth, a carpenter, who has flat-
tered me many times when going to
meeting, but to whom I hare nmt been
"Oh, you-you weren't drawn to him?"
asked Miss Mattie.
"Nay, mistress; whereat he is much
provoked, and threatenth to-"
"To what?" asked Miss Mattie.
"To fare forth to foreign lands and for-
get me," placidly answered the little
Miss Mattle still struggled with a cer-
tain m hamefui consciousness that she had
wavered. What a tower of strength Pru-
"Did you-did you--did he ever kiss
you?" she asked. in a whisper.
PTruence opened her blue eye widely y.
"Surely, mistress, it is the manner of
young men to indulge in such unseemli-
ness unless discouraged."
"And-and did-you-did you discourage
him?" asked Miss Mattie.
A faint color stole over the pretty little
maid's face. She looked distressfully at
"'Iho youth was strong, and I but
slight," she answered, in confusion; "and
'he was about to depart, and-and--
"W-what did he do?" asked Miss Malt-
tie, eagerly, still holding the letter in her
"He saluted me, mistress," answered
Prudence. A faint smile played over her
lips :iat the recollection.
"Sit down, Prudence," said Miss Mat-
tie. "I want to ask your advice, child.
You know more about men than I do."
Prudence sat down. Miss Mattie re-
garded her as a daughter, although Miss
Matitle herself wuau only frwtyfly, BUt
people in Little Bingleton prided them-
selves on looking old. It was thought to
savor of flightiness if folks adopted mod-
ern fashions or traveled often to town.
Miss Mattle was the only daughter of the
late Doctor Sewell. Ever since her fath-
er's death which had happened about ten
years ago, she had lived in her own
pretty little cottage on the outskirts of
the town. People who remembered her
fifteen years back said that Miss Mattie
was then very handsome. She was still a
sweet-faced woman, with rich auburn
hair, and placid blue eyes. There had
been whispers of a girlish romance a long
time ago; but by-and-by people looked
upon her as a confirmed old maid. The
years passed, and still Miss Mattle lived
her quiet uneventful days, until Doctor
Slurke. the one practitioner In the place,
suddenly discovered that Mtis MaIttle was
watlng nCop lfifo
"You've a mission to fulfil," he had
"What Is it?" placidly demanded Miss
"I will go home and write It to you,"
retorted the doctor, attacked by a sud-
den fit of shyness.
His manner had occasioned Miss Mat-
tie some misgivings, but she had con-
cealed them under 'er usual placid ex-
terior until the arrival of the fatal letter.
The letter lay upon the table. Miss
Mattie dared not open It. It seemed as if
the occasion demanded a solemn and for-
mal ceremony of Some sort-- ceremony
"Open it, Prudence," she said, sudden-
ly. turning to the little maid.
Even Prudence could not conceal some-
thing which approached to worldly curi-
osity. She took the letter In her hand
and opened it with her usual delberation.
"The man bas a concern to marry thee,
mistress," she said, after a steady pe-
rusal of the letter.
No woman likes to have a proposal of
marriage put before her in so badly pro-
Vsai a maimer as in this instance. MIss
Matte felt that the occasion wa not bo-
ing treated with sufficient solemnity.
"Read it aloud, please, Prudence," she
said: and Prudence reed it:
"Dear Mada~m-I never proposed to any
one before--havenst 'had either the time
or the inclinato- d I have vainly con-
suited all the literature on the subject.
Most of it seems to me to 6e rubbish.
You are a sweet, amiable woman, or
rather melancholy dispooitton; I am bust-
ng-, savage, irrttable, loud and over-
bearing. Don't you think that we each
have what the other lacks? I'm tired of
living alone, so must you be also.
Couldn't we join forces and travel to-
gether? You must be very solitary, and
it is always so comforting to 'have a man
in ,the house in case of burglars or fire
or anything of that sort. Will you marry
me? If so, kindly return a note in the
affirmative by bearer, and I'll come up
,this evening to talk it over. If my letter
is lacking in delicacy, remember that doc-
tors are accustomed to come straight to
the point. You want rousing; so do I.
Which shall It bo? Yes or no? I shall
be walking impatiently up and down my
garden-an exceedingly rash thing to do
in 'this east wind-until I receive your
reply. Yours very faithfully,
"Is that all?" demanded Miss Mattie,
who had faint hopes that the missive
would be couched in all the long-winded
eloquence of Miss Austin's heroines.
Even Prudence seemed to have found it
disappointing. She Inwardly contrasted It
with certain vain but impassioned utter
ances of the young carpenter, and then
rebuked herself for instituting worldly
"Is there nothing more in the letter,
Prudence? Nothing about love?"
"The letter lacketh worldliness of that
kind," answered Prudence, seriously,
scanning the page.
Miss Mattie had not lost all sentiment.
She recalled that episode of her vanished
youth when Reubent Rountree had de-
clared that he worshipped her. Reuben
was only a farmer's son-a struggling
farms r-nd Miss Mattle's exalted iosl.
tion had been declared a fatal obstacle
to Reuben's pretensions. Whereupon,
Reuben had uttered wicked words, Vhak-
en his fist at Mattle's white-haired old
father, and departed to lands unknown
in search of fortune. He had taken a
lock of Miss Mattle's fair hair with him
and she still cherished in secret a little
olaK taaguerreitype or tme departed
swain. All this had happened a quarter
of a century ago. At first, the faith of
love had kept Miss Mattie's heart warm.
But hearts grow cold and faith wavers
and dies away when tshe.years pass and
absent lovers make no sign.
Miss Mattie drifted placidly down the
stream of Time, distributing little gifts
to her neighbors on the banks, and win-
ning the love of all. But she found life
rather dull. Her old schoolfellows had
large families who called Miss Matilda
"Aunt Mattie," and confided all their
troubles to -her sympathetic ears. Miss
Mattie also fou-nd, to 'hr very great sur-
prse, mnat men rather dlaturbed herr. She
liked -her little nap after dinner, her game
of backgammon with Prudence in the
evening, her regular quiet life. If she
'had married Reubent, all these things
would have become impossible.
Miss Mattie did not like to be hurried.
And yet-and yet. As she salt there hold-
ing Doctor Slurke's letter in her hand,
'her youth came back. How the poor boy
had loved -her. She recaHed his foolish
speeches, his fondness for her yellow
locks and blue eyes, and all the thousand
and one little tricks and jests with which
'he had beguiled her into loving him.
Doctor Slurke's letter had unsettled her.
Though she felt she could not marry a
man who never wiped his boots on the
mat, and believed that a congested liver
was answerable for all the sorrow in the
world-yet there might be hidden depths
of love within him. He was a doctor,
tJo. That was another recommendation.
VPruavnve still wanted, 'the letter in bar
Miss Matie temporized.
"I-I will ask him to tea, Prudence,"
she said,.as she sat down to her desk,
and wrote in an elegant Italian hand that
she must have further time in which to
consider Doctor Slurke's flattering pro-
posal. "And, Prudence," she said, as she
sealed Ithe letter-Miss Mattle always
used a seal-"see that your pikelets are
plentiful and of the best. Nothing com-
forts a man so much as a good tea."
Miss Mattie was a little bit ruffled by
the events of the day. She went up-
stairs and looked long and lovingly at a
certain littlee tin portrait. Then she put
on her best lavender silk dress, removed
iher cap. and went down stairs to her
cosy sitting room.
A man's step scrunobed the gravel out-
side, and the next moment an unknown
voio damnaRnd i Miss Matilda Smwell
Miss Mattie thrust the daguerreotype
into iher bossom and went out.
"What is it, Prudence?" she asked.
"A wayfaTer from over the seas, who
would have speech with thee, mistress,"
said Prudence, quietly, as she went back
to her pikelets.
Miss Mattie felt an odd sensation ait her
httirt. It fluttered and leapt. What if
this burly stranger brought her news
from the unforgotten Reuben."
The stranger held a letter in his hand.
"I've just come down on the cars with
a letter from an old friend," he said.
"On the what?" asked Mise 'Mattte, in
"On the cars. Oh, I forgot. You call
them trains. Can I come in?"
"With pleasure," said Miss Mattle in a
fluttered, odd little tone. "May I offer
you a dish of tea?"
The stranger seekned puzzled.
"We generally drink it in mugs," he
tie took off his hat and coat and care-
fully hung them on a peg in the han.
The passage seemed to shrink when he
walked along it. and his head hit against
'the low little portal as he followed Miss
MAattie into her smaH sitting-room, fidi of
delicate china, and gay with samples and
quaint old mirrors on the wails.
The stranger sat down in an arm-chair
by the fire. He seemed to swell over the
sides of it. The cat jumped on to his co-
lossal knee and went to sleep there.
Miss Mattie sat facing the window and
feeling reassured. Bhe trusted that cat's
instinct almost as much as she did the
wisdom of Prudence And the oait did not
know young carpenters.
As the stranger glanced round the room,
,the ancient figures on the samplers
caught his eye. He studied the impossi-
ble peacocks spreading their tails under
equally impossible trees, and his eyes
"My, ain't they real pretty," he said.
Then he looked at another sampler. "I
like that picture of Noah and his sons
sitting on top of the Ark," he observed,
Miss Mattle felt distressed. She did not
Uke to Interrupt his flow of art oritilesm
by admitting that the Ark was meant for
,the roof of a house, and Noah and his
sons were only four ravens perched on
"Excuse me," said the stranger, hand-
ing 'her a letter. "Won't you read this
first, and then we'll talk."
,Hospitality was a sacred rite with Miss
"I trust that you will partake of my
poor hospitality first, M-Mr-?" she
said, with a stately bend of the head.
"Alphaeus P. Winterbotafn. I'd be sor-
ry to go away without doing so," ans-
wered the stranger, heartily, as Prudence
appeared with the pikelets.
"Prudence," said Miss Mattie, solemn-
ly, "make some more."
"You're right, m'anm," said the stran-
ger, surveying the little dish. "I was
just thinking I could eat the w'htOe lot of
those cunning little cakes."
And Miss Mattle actually Itughed. Her
tea-parties were usually very solemn and
stately affairs. Mrs. Penntrather, the rec-
tor's wife, always oame in a oopper-ool.
ored silk. Miss Twinkleton, too, invaria-
bly donned her best old yellow lace ruf-
fles for the occasion. The stranger, how-
ever, wore garments of a transatlantic
cut, and had a pointed beard. He was a
fine, handsome man of about forty-five.
As Miss Mattie handed him a fragile cup,
the last of the pikelets had disappeared.
"My, MiM ss swll," aeail, "Tm quite
forgett-ng the little men up there on the
walls. There won't be a crumb left for
'em at this rate."
Miss Mattie laughed again. Another
step sounded on the gravel path outside.
"It's Doctor Slurke," she said uncom-
fortably. "I-I had quite forgotten him."
. Doctor Slurke opened the door, and re-
coiled in angry amazement. There was
Miss Mattie-his Matilda, as he was wont
to call her in dreams-when he did
dream, which was but seldom-chatting
geniultly away with some foreign rufian
Whom he had never before heard of or
hnuown to clot. It wnu lndoetivra i it was
vulgar; it was unfeeling: it Was aagra-
vating; it Was unprofessional, and the
kind of thing whidh he (Doctor Slurke)
was not going to put up with from any
lady, however nice she might be under
ordinary circumstances. So he pulled his
stubby beard and glared at the stranger.
But, unfortunately for the doctor, Mr. Al-
phaeus P. Winterbottom was not over-
Miss Mattie half rose from her chair.
"Good evening, Doctor alurke. Won't
you dome in?" she inquired, with the sug-
ar tongs poised in her white hand.
This Was another insult. She was pour-
ing out her best tea and giving it to the
man in the hair. Doctor Shurke did a
very foolish thing-a thing -he had often
done before, but never without experienc-
ing disastrous results. He lost his tem-
per. He drew himself up to his full
height-five feet three-and scowled on
-the Pirate King in ithe arm-chatr-this
ruffian who stole I neoil's Ieart bry nur-
ing their objectionable old Persian cats.
"Won't you come in?" tremtloudly re-
peated Miss Mtaltie.
Doctor Slurke bowed sarcastically.
"I thank you, no, madam," he said. "I
only came in to inform you that I had
caught a cold in my garden whilst awalt-
ing your pleasure.'
The other man looked quietly up.
"I guess you ought to be proud of ft,"
he said, in his objectionable American
Doctor S.urke bowed to him with with-
"I-eh-was not aware that I was ask-
ing a conundrum," he said, "May I in-
quire who I have the pleasure of address-
The stranger smiled.
"My name's Winterbottom -Alpiha>us P.
Mies Mattie lt gall te saign framn thn
"Oh, Doctor Slurke," she said, with
,tears in her voice, "I am so sorry. You
see it was rather a difficult question to
"I will thank you to be good enough not
to discuss it before this gentleman," the
doctor ejaculated, at a white heat.
"But I-I realdy-" And poor Miss
Mattie felt inclined to cry.
Mr. Winterbottinm was moved by Miss
"Shall I make him shut the door TroMn
the outside?" he asked, quietly caressing
'the cat. "I think, madam, you'd feel more
comfortable if this turkey-cock sort of
person had gone home to roost."
"I was not speaking to you, sir," said
,the doctor. "My remarks were meant for
"I could just drop him into a nice, soft
flowerbed, if you'd only say the word,
madam," quietly continued Mr. Winter-
"Madam, I take my leave," said the an-
gry doctor. "As for you, Mr. Winter-
beans, you shall hear from me."
"NOt professionally. I hope," said the
imperturbable stranger. "Don't distress
this lady any more, or I'll really have to
come and reason with you."
The doctor withdrew, speechless with
rage. Poor Miss Mattie began to cry
softly into the teapot.
The stranger put the cat down, and
gently approached the table.
"Madam." he said. "that extremely ill-
Light After Darkness.
Mrs. Cameron, of Lockport, N. Y., Re.
stred to Health by Dr. Willams'
Pltk Plls for Pale People-the
BRemedy That Has Made M
Many Mziroule s Cures,
Brought back to life.
This was virtually the ease with Mrs.
Nellie Cameron, of Lockport, N. Y. She
was the victim of a severe cae of stomach
trouble and was slowly starving to death.
She could derive no nourishment from her
food, as the stomach was too weak to retain
it long enough to digest it. She wasted to a
mere shadow doctors failed to help her and
she lost all hope of recovery, until finally
on the advice of a friend she began to um
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People
and to them she owee her life. Here is her
In the fall of 1808 I was in a deplorable
condition. I had stomach trouble in the
very wort form. Nothing at all would
stay on my stomach, and I had to almost
starve myself. My ride pained me eoa.
staatly. The lack of nourishment camed
me to lose flesh rapidly; I dropped from 18
to 97 pounds, growing weaker all the time.
There was not the slightest color in myloe;
I was simply a
shadow of m
S treated me, but
s-J S failed absolute.
T rly. Iwasacom-
p ] e t week
when a friend
told me to try
S M 1' P'. Williss'
Pink Pills rb
One box greatly
Dark Despair. was atomisi
how quickly they built me up. Dr. Wil
liam' Pink Pills for Pale People raved my
life. I was enabled to sleep, and in the
morning I felt refreshed and rested. My
stomach was strengthened, what I ate bene-
ited me, my weight increased, and I moo
regained all I had lost. I am now well and
strong. I cao( spsak too high of DV.
Williams' Pink Pills wor Pale People.
Subscribed and sworn to before me thi
U day of July, 180.
rTACcY D. BBH.
All the elements necesry togive new lif
and richness to the blood and restore sat-
tered nerves are contained, in a condense
form in Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale
People. They are oa speic for troubles
peculiar to females, such as suppreions
and all forms of weakneM. The build up
the blood, and restore the glow of healthto
pale and sallow cheeks. In men they effect
radical cure in all eames arising from men-
tal worry overwork or exceses of whatever
nature. Dr. W;uiams' Pink Pills are sold
in boxes (never in loose bulk) at 50 cents a
box or 6 boxes for $2.50, and may be had o
all dm,',i.t., or direct by mail from Dr.WI-
lamu Medicine Co., Behesetady, N.V
tempered person will be better tomorrow.
If he ain't, I guess I'll have to reason
with him near a pond."
"Oh. please don't said Miss Maitile,
feeling comforted by the stranger's vast
bulk. "I-I kept him waiting for an an-
swer to-to an extremely delicate matter
this evening and-and he's cross with
The stranger led Mise Mattle to the
"Now, you sit there, madam," he said,
in his gentle, kindly way. "I'll brew this
tea for you. You just assimilate Whose
cunning little dakes of yours, and you'll
feel better. One lump of sugar? Isn't it?"
"Yes," said Miss Mattle, feeling that
supportt from conscious strength which
deAilghtl B"et wala.
"And the cream?" said the stranger
holding up the dainty little cream ewer
admiringly. '"My, ain't that little pitcher
pretty. And the fire. Beats our stoves
'hollow." He handled the dainty tea
equipage with jealous care, and waited
on Miss Mattie so nicely that all her
"A gentle lady like you didn't ought to
be bothered." the stranger said, refletive-
ly, when Prudence bad cleared away the
'things-"didn't ought to be bothered by a
grasshopper like that. I dare say he
means wetl, but he don't colluecltate
worth a cent. That's what's the matter
with him. Now Just tell me if you feel
downright chipper again, and if so, we'll
go into this business, or, if you prefer it,
I'M come again tomorrow."
"I thank you, Mr. Widlterbottom," said
Miss Mat.tie, in 'her simple friendly way.
"It--t w e foolish of me to-o be so
frightened. The doctor has been very
kind to me."
"Then I'll let 'him off the iond," said
Mr. Winterbottom, as If making a con-
cession to sentiment. "You're like one of
those pretty window flowers we have In
our country-you want sheltering from
all the storms that blow."
Miss Mattie smiled a pleased little
smile. She had never been compared to
a window flower before.
Mr. Winterbottom took up the letter
with his customary deliberation.
"Now, madam," he said, "I'H read it to
you, and when I'm bumping over a as-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 3M
hot you tell me to pull up, and I'l driv
Miss Mettle did not understand what a
cahdt was. The stranger explained thal
it was a hole in the road in winter, and
that a slelglh had to glide gently over anc
-not take it flying, for fear of bumpini
*the bottom out.
"Is--s -the letter from Mr. Rountree?"
asked Miss MLttie, with quivering lips.
The stranger looked at Tier admiringly,
With this glance of admhniratlon was a
smile, and a twinkle of the kindly, merry
eyes. Miss Mattie was disturbed. TPh
phenomena described by the astronomer,
Proctor, and known to scientists as the
"double brain," developed. She was pos-
tive that she had been in the same sit-
uation before--tat what was then trans-
piring was but the repetition of an event
of the long ago. Something in the twink-
ling eyes awoke memories of apple blos-
soms, and sturdy young fellow and a yel-
low-haired girl lingering in the twilight
in the old apple orchard. She could hear
,the impassioned words of the youth, and
'the snip of the Shears that severed the
yellow curl, which was to be his amulet
until kindlier fate brought together their
In the meantime the merry-eyed giant
had opened the letter and Miss Moetie's
outstretched hand received-a lock of
curly yellow hair.
When Prudence returned with a fresh
supply of pikelets, her wise young eyes
took in the situation at a gsance, and she
discreetly retreated without interrupting
the long-separated lovers.
PEB AND A=CI880.
Polygamy is the Moro's by religion
and divine right. A More must give a
separate house to each wife, In which
she is supposed to set up housekeeping,
with a sufficient number of women
slaves to wait upon her. She may own
them in her own right, but more often
her Moro husband must purchase them
for her. As women slaves bring a
higher price in the market than men,
the drain on her husband's exchequer
is immense.-Cincinnati Enquirer.
Lord Congleton's preserves near
Maryboro', Queen's county, were re-
cently the scene of a most unusual
sporting incident, which goes to show
that the impudence of foxes is pretty
well on a par with their proverbial
cunning, states a letter to the London
Telegraph. A woodcock was flushed
in the pleasure grounds, which were
being beaten for rabbits, near the
house, and was promptly knocked
down by Mr. McKenna, Lord Congle-
ton's agent. Just as the latter was
about to-pick up the bird, however, a
fox suddenly dashed out of a clump
of rhododendrons, and snapping it up,
bolted away with his audaciously ac-
quired prize, despite much shouting
and hollooing on the part of those who
were eye witnesses of an episode very
The House Friday broke all records
in the matter of passing private pen-
sion bills, in all, 180 went through.
Among them was the Senate bill to
pension the widow of the late General
Guy V. Henry. As the bill passed the
Senate it carried $100 per month, but
the House reduced this to $50.
The duke ot Saxe-Coburg and Gothe
has the finest collection of model ships
in the world. They are nearly all
made in silver and are perfect in ev-
ery detail. As a boy the duke took a
keen delight in modeling vessels, a pas-
time which with him really became an
art. His collection of "silver ships" is
constantly being added to, not only by
private purchase, but by those who
know what may be considered to be
the duke's hobby.
The late Silas B. Cobb went from
Montpelier, Vt., to Chicago in 1883,
when it was nothing more than a group
ot log houses, known as Fort Dearborn,
and he earned his first money there in
building a log hotel-that money re-
leasing him from debt to a kind person
who redeemed him from imprisonment
for debt for his passage on a lake
schooner from Buffalo. This incident
illustrates the brief period of Chicago's
history. He traded trinkets with the
Indians, and began larger business as
a harness maker, and in 1848 he entered
upon a general leather and boot and
shoe trade, continuing therein for four
years, after which he became a dealer
in real estate and exploiter of local en-
terprise. So he went on, until he was
at' the fore of many businesses, presi-
dent of the Chicago City Railway, di-
rector of railroads and banks, and
Mexico stands fifth among the gold
producing countries of the world. Af-
rica, Australasia, United States, Russia
Canada, lead in the oder named, Mexi-
co produced last year about 50,000
ounces more than the year before.
Mexico still continues to lead the
world in the production of silver, fol-
lowed by the United States, Austral-
asia and Bolivia in the order named.
The production was close to 3,000,000
ounces more of the white metal last
year than the year before.
Whales' teeth form the coinage of the
Fiji islands. They are painted white
and red, and red teeth being worth
about twenty times as much as the
white. The native carries his wealth
around his neck, the red and white of
his coinage forming a brilliant contrast
to his black skin. A common and cu-
rious sight in the Fiji Islands is a new-
ly.married wife presenting her hus-
band with a dowry of whales' teeth.
The University of California holds in
trust a fund the interest of which
must be used each year for the pur-
pose of a medal to be presented to the
most advanced student. This year the
interest happened to amount to as
much as $240, and the regents of the
University were at first puzzled to
know how to put such a large amount
into one gold medal. The conditions
under which the trust is held would
not permit of -giving the fortunate
student a $100 medal and the balance
in cash, as was proposed, so it was de-
cided to inclose the medal in a case
into which the surplus gold would be
so worked that it could be easily taken
out and disposed of as the holder might
The average reader will be amazed
to learn that little New Hampshire,
with less than 10,000 square miles, has
no less than 400 lakes and ponds, 154
brooks, 58 rivers and 294 mountains.
This makes Iowa look small. Colora-
do, a big State, has 556 creeks. Texas
has comparatively few rivers, lakes
and creeks. Alabama has 663 creeks
and 87 rivers. Iowa cannot approach
that record. Minnesota has 222 lakes
and 140 rivers.-New York Press.
The English parliament makes liber-
al allowances to the women of the roy-
al family. A queen dowager's annual
income from that source is $500,000;
that of a dowager princess of Wales is
$200,000. Other widows of royal princes
receive $30,000. The Grand Duchess
of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, grand-daugh-
ter of oGorge III, receives $15,000 year-
To build barbed wire fence, you
need the Fence Builder advertised in
thsi paper by V. Schmelz, Sylvan
Lake, Florida. You save the cost of it
in one day's use. For unreeling wire
without carrying the spool and stretch-
ing, and for reeling wire quickly and
easily. One man does the work of four
by the old method. I will last a life-
time. It stretches wire beyond the
last lost and pushes the post against
brace. Adjustable to any position.
Weight only 30 pounds. Send for cir-
1.98 UYS A 3 .50.S T
*tYt $&"Ily- TWO.
.c nsmas t suwm s.s so. I.o.
S A NEWSUIT EF UA .AN 1 H UITS
m ae g s th i ard M waanhether
r ll forage andwewiin snd
he l by exejm. C. D. subject to ex-
ar ne exawlw It at your
express omcend if found perfectly satia-
actory and a to malts frea e aba
8 ,pyayouregre agent sr Bpelal
l *1.S9 and exprea charges.
TU1[& Uk PAN UITS are for boa 4 to
1y age ai em an w fmr'w at
1001h1a4y weht = wwar otw, l
=t-%e C- nnet, handsome pattern,
fine Italian lining, .ad ard lertf, paddi,
st"I md rhg. d Uer *, e taflr
tleubleast pmarment would be perud aL
F aBPK =OTH ARoyalC bAig lkfokr kb.s 4 to
iOItA8, wrtie fir 8U|ie eskS N.. N1, contains fashion
plates, tape measure and fultintructions how to order.
Menr stets made to sedger Dta $6.0 up. Sam-
Ssent free on application. Address,
EARS, ROEBUCK A CO. (I.), Chicago, IlL
fSmes, ebIs A Cal. we heseel, ndl Me.--dit..)
'LIGHNING ILL AMY
IS~~~~ aH ST N[A-
5 5f4~1PS 1LF_ I
308 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
F )OIPDIAD A. many acres of beans, tomatoes, and
potatoes in the low hammocks.-Orian-
The arrival here last week of the do Sentinel-Reporter.
large four-masted schooner Harry A. A new soap factory is to be locatedL AT
Bernefind, from Philadelphia, with 1,- in Jacksonville at an early day. This
300 tons of coal emphasizes the fact gratifying news was given out by the The Great Througn Car Line From Florida
that the coal supply business here is Times-Union and Citizen, in its issue
rapidly on the increase, and there is of May 11th. Every citizen of Florida
evidence to show that the supply is not should feel the deepest interest in this CONNECTIONS.
equal to the demand, but to remedy movement, as nothing can so thorough-
this deficiency vigorous efforts are now ly and quickly tone up the financial
being made all along our wharves, status of a country as factories. Now
and the time is not distant when mer- that the work has begun, let us per- THE ATLANTIC (OAST LINE, via Charles on,
cantile shipping interests will have op- severe in trying to induce other manu- To The Richmond and Washington.
portunlty of acceptances of twice the facturinr Inatitutions to come to Flor-
amount now on hand. The fact just ida. Our old and respected friend, Mr. THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY, via Savannah, Co-
stated shows also how fast our coast- Joseph Richardson, of Atlanta, seems W
wise trade is growing, both on the At- to be the prime mover in this affair. lumbia and Washington.
lantic and on the Gulf of Mexico.- Success to him. via All mall
Key test Inter-Ocean. Professor E. C. Hills, Dean of Rol-
Miss Grace Ballough, a young girl lines College, at Winter Park, has The Southern R'y via Jesup, Atlanta and Chattan'ga.
of Daytona, has developed clirvayant been appointed instructor in the En- The Louisville & Nashville via Montgomery
benefit of her family. Her father, Wm. for Cuban teachers, to be held at Har- The Southern R'y via Savannah, Columbia, Asheville.
Rallonuh. has within the last few days vard. This is an appointment that is The Mobile & Ohio R. R. via Montgomery.
Boh1 out ris every possemion Zan is re- nut onl well alRtlFWr jut ill I I
moving with his family to Colorado, filled with rore ability
where his daughter has In a trance Last Friday one of the boilers in Via Savannah and Ocean Steamship Co for New
discovered gold. D. L. Lochar swmll, at Loc- York, Philadelphia and Boston.
The numerous friends n this section hart, out on the F. C. & P., railroad, To The York hiladelphiaand Boston
of Dr. 8. H. BUlitch, whom it will be eight miles from Orlando, exploded,
remembered was shot and seriously completely wrecking the building, de- Via Savannah and Merchants & Miners Transporta-
woundeo at Blitchton recently, will be stroying a large amount of property tioaCompany for Baltimore.
gratified at the information that while and injuring two or three of the em. via Sleamsaip
his condition is yet regarded as any- ployees. The structure was a large
thing but safe, he is improving as rap- one, being upward of three hundred KEY WEST Via PORT TAMPA and
idly as could be expected from the na- feet long, and two stories high. The AND
ture of the wound. A letter from eGo. boilers, engine and some heavy machin- ANT TSHIP LI
M. BUtch to a friend in this city bears ery were on the ground, while the see- HAVANA PLANT STEAISH1P1- LINE.
the information that the wounds are ond floor was occupied by the saws
granulating finely, but the patient ap- and smaller machines. The explosion NOVA SCOTIA, Via oston and CANADA, ATLANTIC and PLANT
pears broken up constitutionally. The occurred about 8 o'clock in the morning CAPE BRETON & o AN A, ALA and
attending physician regards the Im- and came without warning. STEAMSHIP LINE for Halifax, Hawkesbury
provement slow, but sure.-Gainesville The Warnell Lumber Company of PRINCE EDWADS and Charlottestown.
Sun. Plant City, is doing a heavy business. ISLAND....
One Boynton vegetable grower They recently turned down an order
"claims to have spent $4t for poison to Mf' fifty elamiji8 of IIae ~ sf te i-
use on about three acres of tomatoes, trial for parties in Georgia.
and even en lost from a third to a The school house at Titusville wa Summer Excursion Tickets
half the crop. Bugs and worms are destroyed by fire Friday morning. It
the grower's worst enemies and the was the work of incendiaries, and the to all Summer Resorts will be placed on sale June 1st.
hardest to fight, but it pays to fight authorities will use every effort to ap-
them at a greater cost even than the prehend the guilty parties. The pLANT SYSTEM Isvc t.rom thearna T reM ts elou
above. The party bought by the A land deal was closed last week
package, but next year will buy by the of 5,000 acres of mineral land at El- WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA and
barrel and save the coat, besides hav- listen, consideration $25,000. This TlE MOUNTAINS OF VIROINIA
ing it fresher and always on hand body of land embraces several fine UNAI V INA.
when wanted. deposits of high grade phosphate.
Mr. L. P. Hughey has probably the The site for the big fertilizer factory For information as to rates, sleeping-car service, reservations, etc., write to
largest peach tree in the county. It to be erected near the city will be se- F. JOLLY Division Passenger Agent
measures M feet across the branches, elected this week, and the factory will M Bay S A sr Block. Jakssnvile Forida.
ae 6gf whldl are so flaeun wlt rnilt UDZ In tiraIull ; 111 B. K. -3 W Street. Aster Block. Jacksonvile Florida.up
that they have to be propped up. He for fertilizers for the fall-planting. It STUA nnBT R aOTT, Vl -'vannrehit, W. iNAI, en. nupi,
has also several smaller trees, all load- will be In charge of a thoroughly con- ENN Passener Traf Mana savannah, Ga.S.
ed. They are of the late varieties, and petent and experienced man, and that W. WRENN, Passenger Traffic Manager. Savannah, Georgi.
thus escaped the freeze, which was so it will do a big business there is no
destructive to the earlier kinds. Mr. doubt.-Tampa Times.
Hughey's orange grove is in grand or- The Tampa Lumber Company, the registered letter. Lindsey was taken he has received 30 cents per quart. He
der, fruit showing in great abundance, new corporation, which has recently before United States Commissioner expended $14 for fertilizer, which
ana tfe tre4 W alt in t e 1 Ualthlat can "? -~ un opefrti n in this section. is Fred Cubberly for a hearing. He leaves him a net balance of $106. The
tion. Four hundred sheep having been making eXtebeiv6 pe-D iatiol fi at o 6 pieadd guiiy to tim chargv, &i~ w-? pieasC aiu as'!r _-f-iws g 9 n.. B
penned some weeks amongst them is a large business In the lumber and held for the United States court at of runners, and he expects to sell at
partly responsible for this good show- timber field. The company will short- Tallahassee. He failed to give a bond least $50 worth of plants. The land on
ing. Mr. Hughey prides himself on his ly install three large mills--one in of $500 and was committed to jail which these plants were set is ordinary
well, the water from which he says is Tampa, another in Zolfo, and the third Lindsey was trapped by means of a rocky pine land. For nearly six
absolutely pure, and we take his word at Plant City. These mills will be decoy letter, mailed by Inspector Bass months Mr. Hill and family have had
for it.-Klisimmee Valley-Gasette. brand new, and equipped with the lat- at Judson. The letter contained mark- ripe strawberries on their table daily,
O6e layy iAU Weel Mr. DLuttlUt, of cat and moat approved machnlery, ed lilis and silver, and the end is not yet. As a result of
the firm of Peters & Douthit, tomato The mill in Tampa will be equipped Mr. H. G. H. Heed has successfully this experiment, Mr. Hll will plant two
growers, at Cutler, dropped into the with a first-class planing plant, and destroyed the white fly which had in- acres in the early fall.-Miaml Cor. T.-
Metropolis office and let the editor look prepared to turn out the nnest grades vaded his Braidentown grove with a U. & C.
at two checks which had just been re- of novei.y work obtainable in the spray of sulphur fumes. No tenting
ceived In payment for tomatoes. One South. The company has purchased was used, he simply selecting a time
cheek was for $1,082.30, signed by the 18,000 acres of timber lands in the vi- when there was no wind blowing. He To prove at what date the first um-
Liebhardt Commission Company, of cinity of Zolto, and 11,000 acres in the says that the destruction was com- brella was made is a seemingly hope-
Denver, Col., and represented the net vicinity of Plant City. Manager Mofflt the remedy simple and the appli- less task, but we find records of their
proceeds for 400 crates. The check was is now at work .making arrangements cation so easy that there should be no use among the Greeks and Romans
dated April 28. The other check was for the erection of the new mills.- more damage to orange groves in not alone as a protection from sun or
dated the same day and was for $815.- Tampa Tribune. Florida from this source.-Manatee rain, but as a distinguishing mark of
25 for 300 crates, from Crutchefild & Mr. Colson, who ls acting treatsrer, Journal. royalty. By the time of Queen Anne's
Woolfolk, Plttsburg, Pa.-Miami Me- received a warrant for over $4,000 from The first shipment of pineapples for reign they had become quite common
tropolls. Tallahassee last'week, being railroad the Northern markets is now being simply as a protection, but they were
There is no sign of a settlement of taxes. The treasurer can now cash all made by the Mallory Line. The all imported until about 1802, when
the strike in the cigar factories of the outstanding scrip of any nature what- schooner A. F. Merrill has gone to the manufacture of them was begun in
Havana-American Company at Tampa ever, and there will still be a cash Matacuiblie Key to take a load from England.
Those who are experienced in such surplus in each of the funds. Levy the plantation of Mr. Atolphus Hinder
matters say they now look for a long county is in as good condition finan. tor New York. Mr. W. H. Lowe is now
struggle. Last week the three hundred cially as at any period in its history, at Miami and Key Largo attending to It is reported in one of the smaller
and more eigarmakers at the factory and the credit is due to the safe and the shipments of his pines which will cities not far from Kansas City that a
of LaPaz & Parsons struck, finally de- sound management of affairs by the go by rail. Mr. George Sweeting has good many of the people there are be-
manding an increase in prices on cer- present excellent board of county com- sold his entire crop to Northern parties coming vinegar fiends. They began by
tain cigars. As the matter would not missioners. The people cannot do bet- for $5,000 cash, and is superintending taking the vinegar as a preventative of
De 0tlO hby tno men withdrawing tor than keep such officials in harness, the shipment. The local market here smallpox, drinking it three times a day.
the management acceded to the de- They are worthy.-Levy Times-bemo- is receiving some frUit f6 thie uO- The system soon seemed to demand l
mands, and work has been resumed crat. tions, which bring good prices.-Key and the doses were increased until, as
Orange trees in this section. which William E. .indsey, postmaster at West Cor. T.-U. & C. a local paper puts it, the victims imag-
were not damaged beyond recovery Needmore, Levy county, was arrested Mr. L. E. Hill of this place planted mned they required their vinegar, just
have put on & remarkable growth thin a few days ago and carried to Bron- 1,300 hills of strawberries last fall. In as the lusher does his periodical drinks.
spring and are fast resuming their old son by Postoftlce Inspector James W. Doeomber they began to bear, and arv One woman who has become addicted
time beauty. Crops are doing well, Bass, who preferred a charge against still fruiting. Mr. Hill has picked to the habit drinks'a pint of vinegar a
but the continued rains have destroyed him of embezzling the contents of a about four hundred quarts, for which day.-Kansas City Journal.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 3a
"How many persons can you crowd Into
a car.?" I asked the conductor.
"That depends on whether they are
married folks or couples thinking about
it." he replied.-Philadelphia North Amer-
KNEW THE SYMPTOMS.
Servant-Shall I leave the hall lamp
Mrs. Jaggaby-No; Mr. Jaggeby wiN not
Do 'homo until dayMghti He tacd me
five times before he left this morning and
gave me $20 for .a new bonnet.-Chicago
SHE PROBABLY WEPT.
A little three-year-old girl went to a
On her return she said to her parents:
"At the party a little girl fell off a chair.
All the other girl laughed, but I didn't."
"Well, why didn't you laugh?"
rCause I was the one tnat tell of."
"Mamma, if I had a bat before I had
this one, it's atl right to say that's the
hat I had had, isn't it?"
"And if that hat once had a hole in it
and I had it mended. I could say it had
had a hole in it. couldn't I?"
"Yes, 4Cere would be nothing incorrect
"Then it would be good English to say
that the hat I had had had had a hole in
it, wouldn't it?"
HOLDING BANDS PERHAPS.
"Is that young man in the parlor with
Made still?" asked her father, suddenly
looking up from his paper.
"Vy stil," Mple 1 eL motlheI-Chll
HIS EXCELLENT PROSPEO(YS.
O'Flaherty-Is your son working now,
Pat-Shure, an' he's got a Job in a pow-
der mill, with good prosp'cte uv glttin a
THE ONLY OBSTACLES.
Johnson-Jackson, how would you get
Jackson-Oh, f I felt like it, and had
the clothes, and was invited, I'd go.-In-
Willie-Pa, what's the difference be-
tween "Insurance" and "assurance?"
Pa-Well, the letter is what the agent
has and the former is what he tries to
sell you.-Philadelphia Press.
"Men are sah frauds."
"Any new developments?"
"Yes; I've just learned that when John
wants to get out of doing anything or
going anywhere with his friends down
town he tetll them this wife won't lot
ilm."- tcago Rleoord.
"Is your new boarding house pleasant?"
"Yes. Indeed; there's a woman ast our
table who won't smile; Jenkins and I are
- ^---- *---------
I can't take plain cod-liver
oil. Doctor says, try it Hee
might as well tell me to melt
lard or butter and try t9 tak.
them. It is too rich and
will upset the stomach. But
you can take milk or cream
so you can take
It i like cream; but will
feed and norish when cream
will not Babies and chil-
dren will thrive and grow
fat on it when their ordinary
ood does not nourish them.
Pco have been known to gain
a pound a day wh taking a
ounce of bSots Enusbkn. It gets
'oder so that the ordmry food b
prpty dested and manilmed
ocw and t.o, a druggist.
SCOrr& BOWNE., Chmits New Yortk.
working to see which will make her
amilc nrst, and uil this 5o1i lisarsiur
have heavy bets on us."
DANGER IN DELAY.
"Young man," said the old gentleman,
"my daughter is too young to marry. A
girl of her age cannot be sure of her own
mina in a maoitor or sunl imlmrtualm "
"I fully realize that," replied the young
man, who had Just secured the fair one's
consent. "That's why I don't want to
A MEAN TRIGK.
"Jack," asked the father, "are you go-
ing In for any of the school sports this
"Yes, daddy," replied the unsuspecting
boy. "I'm going to try for the mile race."
"Good," returned the father. "I have a
,letter to be posted, and it's about a mile
'to the postoffice and back. Let me see
what time you can do it in."--tray Sto-
now liE Is ruiiL Or RtintoBm-a.
Lowrie-Nature often throws out warn-
ing signals, which we to our loss neglect.
BUttle-I shouldn't wonder but you're
Lowrie-I met my wife in a thunder-
storm, danced with her for the first time
at a house that was burned down, and
married her in a killing front.
Lurwrin-Y ., And I hail't the sense- t
read the signf.-Brooklyn Life.
Brown was very much in love wth
pretty Miss Simpson and had tCod her so
repeatedly, but In vain. She did not re-
ciprocate. Brown's friends knew of the
affair, and whenever Brown gave a toast
hMiwe unnafn wV& madte *the rtbj4o of #t,
One night, when Brown and his compan-
ions were enjoying a little supper among
themselves, one of the men said:
"Come, Brown. your usual toast."
"No," came the reply. "Since I can't
make her Brown I'll toast her no longer."
In prerevolutionary days there was a
woman public executioner in Virginia. At
that time death sentences were respited
on condition that a criminal should per-
form this office.
"Lady Betty," as she was afterward
called. was sentenced to death for mur-
der. She offered instead to become public
executioner and held this office for many
I is said that on the scaffold she ofi-
ciated without a mask.-Chicago Times-
"How came a man of your ability and
position in society ever to engage in
counterfeiting?" the judge asked him.
"I wanted a light, easy way to make
money at my own home, your honor,"
answered the Drisoner.
The Judge looked at him *hargy' and
gave him the full limit of the law.-Chi-
THE STUPID THING.
"Do you think the shortest route to a
man's heart is through his stomach?"
asked Miss Gabby as she prepared to ex-
hibit her skill with the chafing dish to
young Dr. Powers.
"Oh dear, no," exclaimed the young
physician, swelling up with the consci-
ousness of his superior knowledge. '"he
enhoMnst way to tin hcint Is by way of
an incision through the left subclava'l
section of the thoracic pariettes."
..Thus is cold science wresting Cupid's
weapons one by one from the hands of
the fair sex.-BaRtimore American.
A PRIZE THOUGHT.
A teacher of music in one of the public
schools desired to impress the pupils with
the meaning of the signs "f" and "if"
In a song they were about to sing. After
explaining that "f" meant forte he said.
"Now. children. if 'f means forte, what
hdr- 'IT mran "
Silence reigned for a MMIRt, bId then
he was astonished to hear a bright little
THE DAY AFTER.
Mrs. Mixer-Tell me the worst, doctor.
Is my husband's condition serioue?
Doctor-There Is no cause for klarm,
madam. He is now out of danger, al-
though suffering acutely from enlarge-
ment of the cerebral glands.
Mrs. Mixer-But, doctor, how do you
suppose it was brought on?
Doctor-On a tray proba'bly.-ChtOago
THE PRICE OF 10 CEN'I' WORTH.
Customer---ve me 10 cents' worth of
Customer (absentmindedly)-HIow much
Druggist-A quarter.--Boston Christian
"My dear," began the extravagant
young wife. "I've got several things I
want to talk to you about."
"Ah, that's a relief," exclaimed the hus-
"To be assured that you've got the
things you want to talk about. You gen-
erally discourse upon things you need."-
Florida Rest Coast Ry.
TIME TABIR NO. M. IN EFFECT APRIL 11. 10O0.
0rB BOUND (B-d DDwk0
(eA*1 X 00- 74 nod.
a m A f ......-
..... ..... .....f W. ......sa.
S6b. :7. ...... 1
.s. ...... -3~ .qti e4-.=a:
..~ .....Pot a to.. lb .
9 Ar Miami
Bnufftt Parlor OKar Md Ta Mt & __
Between New Smyr'a ani Orange 2* Tl -n, -Ma a--e
NV1 No.l. STATIONr. jNo.. i
=Ta OaLv..Kew : iT .. I 7 'Il....... U.lb....
4 p l-- ...Lake ..L 2 .......... e.
4 12 Orae 1ity liisp V, hLd 5. .
Al trains between New Smyrna and Orange ,.... M m
City Junction daily emept 8Unds?. AU talua betwe t ade ftib
n.twmle Jaek'lile a" PaUllBneah. Gda1J -
WtWm. 6Lsah tis ni
No.17To.15l STATIONS. No161.lo8 tr w _
lilp~l~ilsI~r A 4 .pt4 kid their arrival or dfja
715-0368 Ar..P. lo Be i..r 7a 4X stated Ist n411ot
All trains between Jackonill and Pablo pay hold ay W
Beach daily except Sunday. any c qumo
For copy of local time card call on Tike Agent*a or siMf
J. P. BCKWITH, Traffo Manager. J. kA A. k P. A.
Florida East Coast Steamship Co.
BETWEEN niAMI AND KEY WBST.
aLemy Miami Bundays. Taeua W edI ad.sda a ,... ... .... -...
Arrive Ker Went eaotUday.. Thxt" SA ."... .
Leave K est W Thus and Sunday........................ .........
ArriBve Miiy MOnday............................ -m*
BETWEEN MIAIPI AND HAVANA.
SOUTHBOUND BTEAMERS TOUCH AT KaY WEST; NOBRTBOOND SAMI
DIRECT, HAVANA TO MIAMI.
Lr Mimi Sundays and Wedj dayi........................................
s rr Hv a eedays d day....................................... .......
Leave HavanaTuesda and riday.................................... ..... ...... 61
AFtrri MilMiAi W aer Ias dBTitlir n.... 1,a,.a la ,,.6 ,1.a Itri' sti,iIt **t.. ....... s i
While it is the intention o the Florida uost OoaMt tManip Oompay to tanb tbri
fellow regular seedaulee drtid, the line reserr the right at ma to wim
their ships or change their altas daa without note, and to substitute any stmsar w
nIcay; nor w the ln hold telU responsible for any detention of its timers or l
SEND*US ONE DOLLAR
Catils at. es asd aame .asw13 e.le, aadwe w m1 l ain d seSa 53w
Isrs strer as uirc rmae mr thfahlC. O. r ..Instioslf-c
.xisaia You canexamn it at yoirnret feiJht deoL
andif you nd it ex reate equaltoorgam
retail at TI .e taiee San. oorg yUever ew ad
Mer aquMe thesaLsia tioWenll s. af tm
$31,75 IS OUR SPECIAL U AYS' PRICE sL th
atei AuclmE TUN eM a me 9t1~IMilslLhe l.
t2 inches long, ls inches wide and weigs 30 pounds. Con-
tains oaotej s11tops. asfollowasE rlsgd l .
lion consit of t hecietsatsd swal 3eisb wblchr onlyr
usedIn the h sde nala ttedawt k..
a Toae a Gransd ase 4 asob be heDl fels ."
Sellewuve stesk a Dfiseaest 'it set or sa U e e.S2
AVR R elEuilN (isa fuseds witats hiQave e
ocnplate French mirror, nkl pael4frwe areonl
an evey moder glogade t. i w Me
te 9 .s-*eino3W la esta R3ei
GUARANTEED 25 YEARS. ruZa I .Am
leae written bd ar gs Ute Eb tr
atherms and conditions w tfer part gives ou
eisfie~sd, rS of these organs wl be sold I 151. 15.
OuIER AT ONE. DeN'T ELAY.
rot els with es asknyo miubealber alet
sthe leher ofthis ap ererw Eipelan NIonAl
UAR NTEIL IS EiNED 25 rEA ;
a orn xhmN.Bak Cgo; or Geramn ExheBNewYrk or say rad
seen and 01 6u5,8
meintelso 6..ry i ia a le wolm ices write for f ree eil a
and uitramt Address (seiamereeam m e.
gS4AWROWEPU9 QOs. (1a). Fll. ssmWg t.. O HIOAO. ILL..
400 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
.Faag ~ ~ ~ A~~'L'e~~i
-V. -Y~ -V~ V -V~ ~ ~ ~V
-v~-~ -T ` j--- 'r v TI T -r r Nr N r -_T -r Ji-~TT-T-
HOW TO GET A TON OF FERTILIZER
1 1 ^^^^^r ;-^^- ^-f^-^
K .00U .0 L
io,ooo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST within the next six months.
Evcry Tliltistli ps i oii iiiiiftlgflf S,. 1.fo I y~aF' Ub~liWptlUiH will Ib g1vnH an ofrar for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired . . .
HOW TO DO IT.
Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. O. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for one
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
S......... ...... .... ........ 1o multiple of 30, as 60. 90. 300. etc.. you can order a
flessrs. E. o. PAINTER & CO., ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist, Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
DeLand, Fla. ist at the regular price of $2 per year and have one
Gentlemen-Please find enclosed $2.00 for one year's sub- han in 30 of ettin a ton of high grade fertilizer
scription to the Florda Agriculturist to begin at once. It chance i o ge ng on o ig grade izer
I ig ertood that should the number of my receipt be 30 b ie- This may be YOLVK opportunity,
or any multiple of that number, I can order a ton ot any
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. cars at Jacksonville, Fla., without further expense E AI T
Shipping Point............... ................. ...... 9IN
P. O. Address.............................................. Publishers,
Note-If the station to which the fertilizer is to be shipped is a
"prepay," amount of fright must be forwarded with instructions.
-sp""""""~"--~- a.i a.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"T'IHE IDEAL" BRA N1DS
M-ti'HAVE THESE. -rH FS
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.001per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE............... $30.00 per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE..................$30.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... .$30.0 per ton
IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops).......... $27.oo per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... 28.oo per ton
SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
CORN FERTILIZER..................... o.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTILIZER COMPANY,
Pig's Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $17.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, $44.00 per ton.
~-_T~Tr-T/ --Th~----~---~ --A-~V