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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Vol. XXVII, No. 20. Whole No. 1372.
DeLand. Fla., Wednesday, May 16, 1900.
$2 per Annum, in Advance
Ideal Farmer and Industrial Pro-
The term farmer is used in a collec-
tive sense so as to include our brother
horticulturist. The most potent char-
acter in the world to-day, and the one
to whom civilization is greatest Indebt-
e4 is the man who uses the hoe, to
somewhat paraphrase a recent poetical
The products of his industry are sym-
holized in the garden of Eden when
f! uito were flrst fashioned by the hand
Eliminate the labor of the farmer
from our industrial progress and what
story would we have to tell? The
span of years from the landing of the
Pilgrims to 1000 sh6 marvelous pro-
gress-yea, an industrial upheaval the
like of which the world has never seen.
With axe and pick in hand primeval
forests gave way, and soon thereafter
great cities were builded. With self-
reliance, indomitable energy and a firm
resolve to master all problems oppos-
ing success, the American farmers
stand today as sons of noble sires-men
who have accomplished more in one
and a quarter centuries thin the
world did during the previous 1800
years. Little more than one hundred
years ago, 3,000 miles of forests, or bar-
ren wastes confronted him. To-day no
barriers are to be found, and nearly
50 States are ours-the handiwork of
the American farmer.
The great seal of the United States
Department of Agriculture says:
' Agriculture and commerce, the foun-
dation of manufacture." It could be
jtstly amended and the quotation
made to say that agriculture is the
mother of commerce and manufacture.
Without agriculture the spindles in our
factories would cease, and the commer-
cial fleets of every nation would be use-
For the information of those who
mray not be aware of the important
Iart played by the farmer in the up-
tuilding of our country, and in the ere-
at!on of the primary wealth, I will
quote a few statistics for the year 1899:
The value of wheat production for
the year indicated was $319,000,000;
corn, $629,000,000; oats, $198,000,000.
T.ere were 73,000,000 bushels of bar-
hy; 23,000,000 bushels of rye; 11,000,-
(CO bushels of buckwheat; 228,000,000
brshels of potatoes; 56,000,000 tons of
ty. Using round numbers for con-
venience, It will be seen that these
leading crops aggregate 3,783,000,000
brshels, and worth, approximately, in-
cluding hay at $10 a ton, $1,8860,000,000.
This total will be increased almost a
third by the addition of the corn crop,
waking in all, about $2,500,000,000.
Stupendous figures! Indicating the
marvelous wealth of our country, and
every dollar a monument to the farm-
Agriculture prosecuted with Intelli-
gence brings fruitful results, and
Implants in the very character of every
d.votee an independence unknown to
As in every other calling of life, there
are demands made on the farmer, and
to meet them he must be aggressive in
rvi methods and intensive in his sys-
tem. The day of the 40-acre and a
mule, farmer, the mule gradually de-
generating to a one-eyed-one-horned
transparent ox has passed. Realize
that that science, by which I mean
rational methods, enter as largely into
successful agriculture as in any other
I'ursuit of life, and in order to 'teach
the highest perfection it is essential
that you should become a reading far-
mer. In short, the ideal farmer should
be a practical chemist and botanist.
And just here permit me to suggest
two books, the possession of which
would contribute largely to the rich-
ness of your library. I refer to "How
Crops Grow" and "How Crops Feed"
by Samuel W. Johnson. They are pub-
lished by the Orange Judd Co., of N.
Y. If you are a practical farmer your
ideas will be reinforced and expanded;
if a theorist, you will suffer no harm
by having them subjected to the cru-
cial test of both theory and practice.
I think you will agree with me when
I say that the one-idea farmer and
prosperity are not synonymous terms.
During the days when cotton was king
the Southern farmer "dressed in purple
and fine linen and fared sumptuously
every day," but subsequent events de-
throned him. With the price of his
cotton regulated in Liverpool, his
smoke house in Kentucky, his corn crib
in Iowa and Nebraska, and his cotton
goods bought in Massachusetts, his re-
s urces, both physical and commercial,
were sapped, and it was nearly a quar-
ter of a century before he awoke from
his lethargy only to find that he was a
slave though unmanacled, a veritable
serf though without a master. From
tlJs thraldom of financial abyss the on-
ly silver living to his uninviting stiua-
t'on was realized in new methods and
Again adverting to the necessity of
a broader and more comprehensive
knowledge of agricultural science, Sec-
retary Wilson calls attention to the
fact that the bulk of the $00,000,000
of trade balance in our favor was paid
for farm products. The secretary
states further that with this fact be-
fore us, it is passing strange that so lit-
tle attention is given to the education
of that half of our population. With a
view to ameliorating the conditions as
much as possible measures have been
taken by the secretary to enlarge the
opportunities of certain graduates by
assigning them to some of the divisions
in Washington, that they may prose-
cute specific investigations.
In keeping with the spirit of progress
characteristic of the Department of
Agriculture during the past three years,
w( see a decided impetus give the tea
industry in South Carolina, while to-
bacco experiments are being carefully
made. I believe our tea importatlons
amount to about $10,000,000, the con-
s:.mption per capital being about 0.9 of
a pound. Secretary Wilson states that
this entire sum can be saved our people
a: a result of intelligent experiment
and assidious attention. This Is a new
field wherein the progressive farmer
PiLds ample opportunities for the ap-
plication of new ideas, and the success
of which always brings coveted re-
The demands made on the agricultur-
al class are such that it behooves them
to produce the greatest amount with
the least expenditure of energy. In
oiher words the need to be attained is
to so intensify methods and systems
whereby one acre shall be made to
yield as much as two under former
conditions. In this great country
where inter-state trade has no embargo
the products of the several states find
lodgment where the premiums are
highest, and it takes no astute political
economist to see that those products
will be the most valuable where pro-
duced in the greatest quantity with the
least outlay of time and treasure. If
produced cheaply a profit is possible,
even with low prices. There is as much
difference between the orange that has
been correctly matured and one grown
with indifferent attention, as there is
between the skilled physician and the
pretentious quack. In each case, out-
wardly, they may appear the same,
but the examination reveals the in-
However, there is one ray of hope
for us farmers, it we are to accept the
figures of the last census. You know,
women are coming to the front in all
branches of business with alarming
rapidity. (I do not know if the Wo-
man's Club has anything to do with it).
Still, the facts are that we farmers
will hardly be crowded out of our fields
yet awhile, for the increase of women
oVer men in agricultural pursuits was
only two per cent., as compared with
the previous decade. The professional
and transportation bother is not so
well off. I feel sorry for them. Listen:
In the professions women increased 75
per cent., while men increased 48 per
cfnt In transportation women in-
creased 263 per cent., and men only 71
per cent. At that rate it will not be
long before the women will be railroad
,residents, locomotive engineers, and
firemen. Fortunately for the farmers
it seems that women draw the line at
the plow; I suppose it is because they
do not wish to injure their complex-
As has been wel said these are stren-
uous times, and agriculturists can not
afford to be less conspicuous in the on-
ward march than other avocations of
*less importance. It is obvious then,
that the ideal fI'T- ,s he who Is In
touch with the spirit of the times; one
,-ho will surround himself with good
professional literature. The adage that
reading makes a full man applies no
less to the farmer than the man-of let-
It is a good omen and betokens a more
skilled agricultural class when we see
states appropriate money for special
investigations, as is done by New York
and several Western commonwealths.
it shows that the Influence of the far-
mer did not lose its potency with the
setting sun on election lay.
But some pessimist may remark, why
this solitude for the farmer? In the
past we had no ideal, and yet our pro-
ductions have not fallen off. Referring
lo the statistics we see that the value
of farm products in 1860 was $256,000,-
000; in 1880, $686,000,000, and in 1808,
It is true there has been a progressive
increase in the value of our products-
due, as a rule, to increased tillage and
fertility of soil. With intensive meth-
ods the same results would have fol-
lowed with a smaller acreage and a
greater conservation of energy. As the
years pass competition in all walks of
life become fiercer, and the farmer, as
in other industrial persults, must sum-
rion to his aid all auxiliaries and al-
hied forces, which enable him to in-
crease the production, and at the same
time lessen the draft upon the mental
and physical being.
For instance: The greatest number
of bales of cotton produced in this
State was 73,000 on 273,000 acres, the
value being about $4,300,000. Were the
nmthods in vogue at your State Ex-
periment Station to-day, applied to the
cultivation of the above crop it is like-
9F 0 EA:: -
Mon THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
ly that the crop could have been pro-
duced on one half the acreage and a
third less expense.
Referring to conditions In this State
there is one question, like Banquo's
ghost will, not down. It is the sugar
question, already ably discussed by
your president The value of our sugar
imports is about $80,000,000, annually.
If there were funds available to sus-
tain the views of the president of this
society. Florida, within a few years,
would be able to supply the entire
country with sugar. The counties of
Brevard, Dade, Osceola, and other sec-
tions of the lower peninsula stand un-
rivaled from a climatic standpoint. It
has always been an enigma to me why
Louisiana could produce nearly 711,000-
000 of pounds-her largest yield-I
think, was in 1894-5, while Florida, en-
dowed by natUre, with resources much
superior, was unable to rivet the atten-
tion of the business world upon her
possibilities. Surely the time must
come when men of business acumen
and progressive ideas will be found In-
terested on our lower peninsula, inevi-
tably the future sugar belt of the U.
The chief primary essential, admit-
ting soil fertility, before any section
can be rightfully regarded as meriting
attention where cane sugar can be pro-
duced, is that of temperature. The first
killing frost of autumn is of para-
mount Importance. The average win-
ter temperature over the southern pen-
insular of 67 degrees. The averages for
January, February, March and Decem-
ber, 60, 8, 67 degrees, respectively.
The date of the first killing frost var-
ies for the reason that sometimes it
does not occur, and never as early as
oer sugar belt of Louisiana-the dif-
ference in time being fully a month.
I he lowest temperature ever recorded
eo the lower peninsula was 26 degrees
in February, 1888, which was the cold-
est weather known to authentic his-
tory. In the Instance cited, freezing
conditions were of short duration-not
Issting long enough for cane to have
l4rt its reserve heat With regard to
rainfall; it is usually well distributed,
the dry season being the peroad of
grinding. The early spring rains av-
erage from 3 to 4 inches monthly, in-
creasing during the summer and
fall to 6 or 8 inches. The annual
rainfall over the section under discus-
sion is about 80 inches.
There are some subjects of less mag-
nitude which should attract the atten-
tmn of the progressive farmer. Sta-
tics show that a ton of hay grown
in Florida is worth $14.25-a price
higher than that paid in any other
State, save Rhode Island. There is a
lesson here, which, ff properly learned,
will result in saving thousands of dol-
lar. Enormous quantities of hay could
be harvested in this State and for
which there Is a ready price in home
roarkets. Compared with the prices
paid in other States we find that Flor-
- Ida receives 25 per 'cent. more than N.
C.; 50 per cent. more than Miss., and
68 per cent. more than La. Instead of
an acreage of 6,888, it should be easily
quadrupled. Instead of an annual rev-
enue of $100,000, it should be $1,000,-
000. We should be sellers and not buy-
There is another point to which I
would like to call attention. In 1897
the average price paid per bushel for
Florida Irish potatoes was $1.20-a fig-
re higher than that received by any
other State. The lowest price paid was
28 cents per bushel in Washington, and
yet Washington received more than one
half million of dollars from the crop,
while Florida realized less than two
hundred thousand dollars. The Irish
potato crop is a paying one; the trou-
ble.is in the deficient acreage.
In conclusion, I will state that the
progressive farmer should be a practi-
cal meteorologist to the extent of know-
ing the monthly and annual tempera-
tures; the highest and lowest tempera-
tures; the probable date of the first
killing frost of autumn and the last
killing frost of spring; the average
monthly and annual rainfall; the aver
age number of clear, fair and cloudy
days for each month of the year. To
accomplish this he should have a set
of standard self-registering thermome-
ters and a rain gauge. The observa-
t'ons, which require a few moments
daily, should be taken regularly and
systematically. With these data the
farmer can study the progress or each
crop; the conditions contributing to its
favorable growth, and likewise those
that have acted as deterrent. I hope
I am not encroaching on presumptious
suggestions when I say that meteorol-
ogy should be taught in our State Col-
lege, for there is no State in the Union
where climatic conditions play such an
important part in the up-building of
the State and in the welfare of the till-
ers of the soil. I will remark here that
the publications of the U. S. Weather
Bureau are doing a great work for the
State. There are frequent calls for
climatic data. A few days ago I re-
ceived a letter from a prominent gen-
t!eman in St. Paul, who desires litera-
ture bearing on summer temperatures.
This writer stated that he wished to
show that summers in Florida were not
as disagreeable as currently believed.
The applicant for these reports was a
professor in the leading institution of
the State. Another one applied for
Ironthly publications, stating that par-
ties were investigating the climatic
features of the State with a view to
beginning horticulture on a large scale.
These last named parties were from
Wisconsin. Such letters are indicative
of a general correspondence at the
Weather Bureau office, and they go to
show that the good work accomplished
by the Bureau is not confined strictly
to weather forecasts and warnings; on
the contrary, we distribute information
urder the franking authority of the U.
S. Government that would cost the
State hundreds of dollars each year.
Returning to our original subject I
w'sh to say that the farmer should be
the prince of independence. It is only
necessary that he use his surroundings
to advantage and utilize the opportuni-
t3 God has given him.
Were it possible for the laws of Na-
ture to be so disorganized as to divert
our planet from the benefcient and
life-giving power of the sun, we would
soon be under the influence of a tem-
perature as low as that of space. Dis-
order would reign supreme, and an
early death would be our lot.
I make no exaggerated comparison,
when I say, relatively, that the farmer
is the sun of commercial prosperity.
Individuals and nations are happy and
prosperous in proportion as the good
things are meted out to him within
the palm of whose hand are found
evidences that the biblical Injunction:
"Earn thy bread by the sweat of thy
brow," has been complied with.
Within the walls of every city are
found chief buildings-for what? To
place therein those products which
have come forth as the result of the
farmer's effort, and every purchaser
who visits the thousand and one mar-
kets of the world pays tribute to hon-
Realize, then, you toilers of Florida,
that you have no peers! That, after
creating man and woman God next
made the fruits of the field and deliver-
ed them unto your charge, thereby
sanctifying, as it were, your noble
calling, for as Dr. W. C. Stubbs, my
old college professor, says: He who
holds the plow feeds and clothes the
world, oils the wheels of commerce
and propels the machinery of manu-
[Paper read at the Florida Agricul-
tural Society meeting in Jacksonville,
May 4, 1900, by A. J. Mitchell, Section
Director of U. 8. Weather, Jackson-
J. B. Hunnicutt. in a valuable article
on corn growing, says that corn gets its
size by growing from within.
This knowledge Is important to the
farmer, and explains why a little pin
worm can pierce a young plant, and by
eating the little speck containing the
future ear and tassel, destroy the stalk.
This once destroyed, can never be re-
newed. Hence, where the budworm has
pierced the stalk, it is worthless. It is
just as harmful to other stalks as any
This great source of damage may be
largely discounted by fall plowing and
frequent harrowing. The weeds and
grass are thus rotted, and eggs exposed
and destroyed. This method is much
better than burning, because it greatly
adds to the supply of plant food avail-
able for the corn plant. The first re-
quisite in growing a full crop of corn
is in securing a perfect stand.
One preparation of the soil, he says
thoroughly destroys the eggs. We have
dwelt upon this point because the
land intended for corn should be pre-
pared the season before. Growing
clover or pea vines is excellent prepara-
tion. Then in the early fall turn the
land eight to ten inches deeper. Har-
row repeatedly until spring.
On the subject of manuring, he gives
the following directions:
Some weeks before planting, spread
manure of fertilizer broadcast and har-
row in four or five inches. Thus you
will have prepared a rootbed suited to
the heavy demands soon to be made
upon it. Corn roots will go down into
this bed from five to six feet searching
for food and water. Corn is what we
call a gross feeder. It will use a great
deal of plant food especially phos-
phoric acid and potash. This latter ele-
ment is most lacking in many soils,
and should be supplied in liberal quan-
In planting rows they should be from
4 to 4 and one-half feet. and the corn
thick enough to give about seven thous-
and stalks to the acre. A large yield
can only be secured by having a large
number of stalks. This crowding of the
stalks, about fifteen to eighteen inches,
will not be too thick if there is suffi-
cient depth of soil. Water is the main
question, and this will be found if the
soil is deep.
Early planting is best As soon as
frost is over, plant
The cultivation should be frequent
and shallow. A weeder run over just
as the corn is coming up, and every
seven days until it is two feet high, is a
cheap and satisfactory way of making
rapid growth. Then flush out the mid-
dies a few times until the tassels begin
to appear. Sow peas the last time.
'he hoe will have some work to do in
securing proper stand, and in destroy-
ing some weeds and grass. This should
be done promptly-the more promptly,
the less labor and cost and the greater
benefit to the corn.
What Depends Upon the sBed.
The estimate placed upon the quality
of garden, farm and field seeds, says
Farmers' Voice, cannot be too high, for
upon the germinating strength and vig-
or of the seed will depend to large de-
gree, the success of the crop. The grow-
er needs carefully to consider this when
ordering seeds. He wants fresh seeds.
Stale packages may be all right, but It
is best to be on the safe side. Good
seeds command good prices and no one
should complain of any price that is
consistent with the quality.
Corn growers say good seed is half
tht crop. Gardeners say their chief
concern is to plant good seeds. Flor-
ists tell us that success in their line
depends largely upon the quality of
seeds sown and plants set. All grow-
ers of vegetables, cereals and grasses
unite in the expression that the selec-
tic.n and planting of good seed deter-
r nes the profit of their business. With
every enlightened farmer, backed by
every experiment station and scientific
agriculturists, horticulturists, garden-
ers and producers of crops, advocating
good seed as the basis of a good crop
it seems inexcusable that anyone
should plant inferior seeds.
The same paper further says that the
very foundation of agricultural success
lies in good seed and good nursery
stock, for nothing will more surely
work failure than poor seed or poor
nursery stock. The law of heredity
works powerfully in plant life, as does
the law of selection and improvement,
and nowhere else have these two laws
been more closely studied and assidu-
ously employed than in the nurseries
and seed gardens of the United States.
The following cheap and simple rem-
edy for the destruction of cut-worms,
which we find in Farm and Home, is
Cut-worms often do very great dam-
age in gardens as well as in field crops.
In the latter it is doubtful if any ef-
fective means of destruction can be
adopted on account of the cost, but the
New Jersey Station finds wheat bran
mixed with Paris green an effective
remedy in the garden. Prof. Smith
says the worms like bran so well that
they will find it if within five or six
feet of them. The bran mixed with
Paris green at the rate of fifty pounds
to one, should be placed in piles ten
feet apart over the field or truck patch,
a very small handful in a pile. The
worms leave the plants for the bran,
and fall victims to their appetites in a
manner almost human.
One year there were shipped from
Key West 27,291 cattle, which realized
410,000. The same year New York
shipped 38,412 head, value, $3,332,000,
the relative prices being-Florida, $15;
New York, 90072. The latter probably
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. a0
weighed three times as much per bead
as the Florida steers, but the greater
value of the flesh consisted largely in
its marbled quality, the fat being inter-
streaked with lean, a quality so much
sought for market-goers. Then it must
be remembered that the greater value
of the high-graded animals is largely
enhanced by the fact that a given
weight of beef is achieved in a shorter
time. A half-blood shorthorn will
reach maturity in half the time repuir-
ed by a scrub.
Florida's Advantages.-Florida has
an advantage over Texas in an abun-
dance of natural shelter and water at
all places; which enables her to use up
ell her pasture and affords great safety
-as a winter range. According to the
most relaible authorities, the cultiva-
tion of forage plants and artificial grass
could De necessarily conducted in tmhI
State. Bermuda and Para grasses are
an acknowledged success, and so are
others of their fraternity, and Florida
clover (desmodium) and other forage
plants could be grown to advantage.
Florida's Position.-With a full
knowledge of the Western States and
Territories, where it takes from ten to
forty acres to support a steer, the wri-
ter affirms ctnfidetly tbat thfer is no
natural condition in Florida to prevent
her from attaining as great a success
from her cattle as any achieved by the
most fortunate cattle State. She it bet-
ter placed as to markets than Texas,
being as already stated, within a thous-
and miles of the most distant, whereas,
it is probably safe to say that every
hoof of cattle which leaves Texas has
to travel from two to three thousands
idiles before it reaches its ultimate
markett entailing great outlay for
freightage, and at least 10 per cent.
loss by depreciation and death in the
care. When the Texas cattle trade was
m the same stage as that of Florida at
present, it cost half the animal's value
to convey him to market.
Sheep.-In the early history of Flor-
ida and the Mobile region, French and
Spanish immigrants brought with them
stock of the celebrated Spanish Merino
sheep, noted for 2,000 years for the
fineness of thin wool, from which were
made the rich fabriea worn by the Ro-
ian Emperors. The descendenta of
these importations still roam the piny
woods and the glades and savannas
of West Florida and South Mississippi.
An occasional infusion of fresh blood
las been made, but the sheep here to-
day possess most of the characteristics
of the original stock. The wool is fine,
and retains measurably its ancient ex-
cellency of fiber, notwithstanding two
hundred years of neglect and hardship.
The method, or rather lack of method,
which prevails in the business is to let
the sheep run in the woods the year
round, collecting them every spring for
shearing and for trimming and mark.
ing the lambs. They are never fed or
housed. Of course, there are heavy
losses, especially of lambs. Dogs are a
source of loMs, but the greatest draw.
back in many sections arises from the
destruction of lambs by hogs. The yield
of fleeces averages about four pounds
of unwashed wool. There is little trash
or yolk in the fleeces.
The Wool.-During the past ten years
the price has averaged about 20 cents
per pound. CoL William Sigerson of
Ocean Springs, an old and well-inform.
ed sheep breeder, originally from Ohio,
states that in his judgment this is nat-
urally one of the best sections for suc-
cessful sheep husbandry In the United
States. The writer had conversations
with a number of men in this State
and Louisiana, whose opinions on this
subject, based on personal experience
and observation, are entitled to respect
Most of them are men whose business
has been along other lines of industry,
hence they have not engaged in rain.
inL sheep and wool. But while the fa-
vorable phases of the situation for this
industry are understood, it seems that
its possibilities are not appreciated. A
single cross of a strong Merino stock.
as an old wool-grower states, increases
the weight of fleece two pounds, and a
second cross gives an additional pound
or over, or a fleece of seven pounds. It
is hardly necessary to say that good
care, feed and protection would still
further increase this amount material-
ly.-Farmer and Fruit Grower.
The Lemon Melon.-This will be
found something entirely distinct from
the ordinary type of melon cultivated
at the present uay. This melon is of
the preserving class or citron melon;
but it differs widely from the citron in
its peculiar flavor. The flavor very
closely resembles that of the lemon.
Of course this makes It extremely
valuable as a preserving fruit. It
grows to a good size, and being very
solid and close in texture, it is of great
weight. These melons ordinarily
speaking weigh about 5 pounds.
The Hybrid Pink Strawborry Black-
berry.--The greatest of all fruit novel-
ties. A new berry of surpassing merit,
that flourishes well in the dryest, as
well as the coldest and most forbid-
ding localities. The fruit is of a large
size, of the most delicate glowing pink,
and very deliciously flavored. This ber-
ly Is equal to the best strawberry to
iffVT With ,igAjF ASif SrSt-zin ISt
it may be termed a blackberry with
the most spicy, aromatic flavor of
some wild wood strawberry. This is
a very fine market berry, as it travels
Sell and does not lose its brilliant,
cimson tint, after being picked any
length of time. The leaves are a glos-
sy dark green, and the vine is an ever-
green. The plant is a strong, vigorous
grower, and clings well to the pole of
c. rn to which it is planted.
8. L. Watkins,
Mechanical Protsetion from rest.
Various methods have been devised
for protecting orange trees from frost,
but one of the most successful is the
tent cover, as used the past season by
D. W. Lewis on his grove at Ormond,
Fla. Here he has a fine, six-year old
grove, which he believes capable of
withstanding severe frost. Mr. Lewis
has had tents made of light canvas, so
constructed that in mild winter weath-
er the tops can be removed and the
trees given the open air. These tents
are made in two pieces. Four poles
are first erected, about which are wrap-
ped the walls of the tent nearly as high
as the tree itself. Over this is thrown
the hood of the tent, which is held in
place by guy ropes. As soon as there
is any likelihood of frosts, these tents
are erected, and with the first sign of
an approaching freeze an oil lamp is
placed in each tent and burned night
arid day, enabling the grower to main-
tain a temperature about eight degrees
nigner thuu thut of tah atmosphere
outside. This is sufficient to give the
trees ample protection against any cold
that is likely to visit this locality.
Mr. Lewis's trees on April 1 of this
year were in fine condition. The buds
begin to appear in March. and by the
middle of April are in full bloom. As
soon as the fruit begins to form, the
tents can be removed and all danger 's
rast. From his 160 trees Mr. Lewis
estimates a crop of from 500 to 800
boxes. These will be ready for market
next December, and ought to bring
from $3.25 to $3.75 per box. This
method of orotccting trcam will no
doubt receive some consideration from
the Florida fruit growers in conven-
t;on at Jacksonville this week.-Ameri-
Celery at Sanford.
A Sanford correspondent of the
Times-Union and Citizen, writes:'
l IAl t A +1 h +th rn
In Woman's Life Are Made Dangue
ous by Pelvio Catarrh.
Mrs. Mathilde BRihter.
Mrs. Miahiids RIchier, Doniphan,
"I suffered from catarrh for many
years, but since I have been taking Pe-
ru-na I feel strong and well. I would
advise all people to try Pe-ru-na. As I
used Pe-ru-na and Man-a-ln while I was
passing through the change of life, I am
positively convinced your beneficial
remedies have relieved me from all my
Po-m-na ha. rpaisd more women from
beds of sickness and set them to work
again than any other remedy. Pelvic
(atarrh is the bane of womankind. Pe
ru-na is the bane of catarrh in all forms
and stages. Mrs.Col. Hamlton,Colum-
bus, O., says: I recommend Pe-ru-na t
women, believing it to be especially
bcnoficial to thiof,"
Send for a free book written by Dr.
Hartman, entitled "Health and Beauty."
Address Dr. Hartman, Columbus, 0.
first, a soil suitable for the production
and bleaching of the plant; second, a
location capable of being drained in
wet weather and Irrigated In dry. Now,
Sanford and its vicinity is just the
place, and there is enough celery land
within five miles of Sanford to supply
the markets of the United States, if it
were planted in that vegetable. An
acre will produce on aIt average, 800
crates of celery, at an average cost of
8300 per acre; it sl bringing $2.25 per
gieen. D~LaUUL.u I 0CIaiL 1 Luu u a aUU noU, eaIviu j a prVIAt
The Maut.--Th. MoF gi to ono of shore of Lake Monroe, midway be- of $1.500 Der acre. These are actual
the greatest novelties of the present tee JregSfiEvUII Bflo TgWB9, aa- fIMBI l>(iIleda, not y one person,
day. It is a most wonderful vegetable, ford was, "before the freeze" one of the but by all who are engaged in the bus-
indigenous to the Island of Java. The most prosperous and progressive inland iness.
plant attains the heavy height of about cities of South Florida; iut the orange In company with Judge Wellborn,
0 Inches. industry was almost her sole source of who was one of the faithful few who
A singular peculiarity of this plant is revenue, four-fifths of her population remained, and who, as mayor, editor
that the pods are sometimes three feet being supported by it. One sad night and citizen, has done his full share in
in length. The pods are quite solid, this business was swept away, rich restoring the home of his adoption to
tender and crisp. Before they are full men became paupers, streets that once Its pristine glory, your correspondent
grown they may be eaten the same as teemed with human life grew up in visited a number of celery farms south
radishes. They make excellent pick- grass, magnificent stores and plate- and east of town last Saturday; among
les and are good for salads. The plant glass fronts were given up to rats and those visited were Mr. A. McDonald,
Right also be termed the Bush Aspara- bats, and the verdict went forth "San- II. H. Chappell, Archle Cameron,
gus. If the pods are boiled while yet ford is dead," and many of her best Chase and Whitner, and Hon. J. N.
they are in the growing state, they are citizens moved away; but a faithful Whitner. The two last are cultivating
agst dgliugi28! greatly reasmbling as few remained, who never lost faith or it on a large scale, and having ample
paragus in flavor, hope, and began at once to look around capital, will make a large amount of
All Season's Pole Bean.-The most to find a restorative, and it is largely money out of it; but the others are
continuous variety in existence. It rip- due to their efforts that a restorative poor men who are engaged in the busi-
Olg as Lgaly or Oarleor than the Im. lihs been found and to-day Sianfrd ness for the urDowe of making a liv.
proved Valentine, and continues until bids fair soon to resume her former ing, and what they have done and are
severe frost sets in. It is such an position among the prosperous cities doing others can do.
e'rly variety that seed planted in the of the State.
middle of July produce almost twice as It will be of interest to the friends of J. A. Huau, of Jacksonville, who has
much of a crop as the Kentucky Won- Sanford and to every citizen of the been a resident of that city for a num-
der does in a whole season. The pods State, to know that the restorative ber of years past, and who is prom-
are extremely long and showy, and which 1i working such wonders is cel- lient in the business circles, has gone
born in the greatest profusion. The ery. to Havana for the purpose of entering
pods average from six to eight inches Now, there is no secret about the cul- into business on the Island. Mr. Huau
in length. It is superior in flavor and tivation of celery. It is simple and eas- has disposed of his business interests
quality to the Kentucky Wonder, and ily understood, and is no more trouble in Jacksonville, and will devote the
tl is is saying a great deal. It is one to raise than cabbages, but there are larger portion of his business in the
of the best of all beans for cooking two absolute prerequisites to success- neighboring island.
aos THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
OBOPS AND PRODUCTS.
Grow Celery.-A. Bobbins of Sanford,
has one of the finest looking celery
farms in Sanford celery district. He
has five acres In cultivation. Mr. Rob-
bins refused an offer last week of eight
thousand dollars for his crop this year
from the five acres. The celery and
vegetable lands in the Sanford district
are attracting widespread attention.
With An lB well and drainage, they
are proving to be the most valuable
and fertile lands in Florida. The Flor-
ida Land and Col. Farm near Sanford
attracts considerable attention from
the car windows. Ten acres are un-
cer cultivation. The celery is a little
late, but promises to be of best quality.
Conductor L. P. eess, of the r. E. C.
railway, says these celery fields are a
sight to behold.
Mr. C. H. Books, of White City, vis-
ited the above celery fields yesterday,
and came back with a glowing descrip-
tion of them.-Titusville Advocate.
Indian River Oranges.-Mr. Win. M.
Brown informs us that his grove at
Titunvillo is lelaed with bloo and the
present Indications are that he will
gather from 1,000 to 1,500 boxes this
season. Mr. Brown has also a young
grove of Banyan, on Merritt's Island,
which Is blooming. The trees have
made a wonderful growth, ana next
season will hold many boxes of fruit.
Mr. Brown is one of the fortunate ones,
and his groves will yield him a royal
income from now on.
When asked how the groves were
doing aRout Ttusville, ne said: -"r-
auge groves which have been cared for
have never done so well as they have
during the past winter. The growth
lhas been simply phenomenal, and the
growers are greatly encouraged. Those
who have neglected their groves will
begin to care for them now, and there
is no reason why, with two or three
warm winters, the Indian River coun-
try should not be sending forward its
usual amount of fruit."
At Caniveral the orange tree aro
never been damaged by cold, and the
trees were loaded with golden balls
last season, and are overloaded with
bloom this year. Although the trees
are heavily loaded with fruit the past
season, they made a most extraordin-
ari growth, and many young trees hold
their first fruit this season.-Florida
Will be the Largest Truit Grower in
As intimated in our article of two
weeks ago, Mr. D. A. G. Floweree not
cnly intends to plant out 180 acres in
grapefruit and oranges up the river,
above Alva, but has also purchased a
150 acre tract on Estero Creek, and
will at once have 100 acres In tni tract
cleared and planted in grapefruit and
oranges, making 250 acres that Mr.
Floweree will have planted in these
fruits, which will be the largest acre-
age in trees owned by an individual in
the. State. Mr. Floweree has been
most fortunate in the selection of his
lands, for like the tract up the river,
this body of land at Estero is some of
the best for citrus fruits to be obtain-
ed in the county. It lies near the prop-
erty of Mr. E. Frans, who has demon-
strated what this land will do. Mr.
Heltman, who Is acting here for Mr.
Floweree, has secured the services of
one of the most experienced and highly
recommended horticulturists in the
State, Mr. Ed. Zaunders of DeLand,
who will be overseer of the 180 acre
grove above Alva. He is already at
work, clearing with a force of hands.
A two-story dwelling of 7 rooms will at
ouce be built on the Alva place, and
as soon as the house Is completed Mr.
Zaunders will send for his family.
Thus the work of developing Lee coun-
ty is making rapid strides.-Ex.
Sanford Shipping Celery.
Four solid refrigerator cars of celery
left Sanford Saturday night for vari-
ous Nothern cities. Since shipments be-
gan, about two weeks ago, over twen-
ty-eight cars have been shipped. There
are from 300 to 400 crates in a car. It
takes from four to fiB t6ae of t10 to
properly cool these refrigerator cars,
and they are again iced at Waycross.
The cars are iced usually the day be-
fore loading, so to keep the tempera-
ture even. Good returns are still be-
ing received, although the market price
is a little lower. A check of $700 was
received Thursday by one grower for
three hundred crates. Shipments will
continue for several weeks yet, as
some of the large growers have not as
yet cut their crops. There have been
scme failures and disappointments, but
tLe result, on the whole, is satisfactory.
There will be a large acreage next
3ear, and the experience of thiis mcaOa
will prove of benefit. Some of the cel-
cry went to seed before it could be
bleached, but many received a dollar a
crate for this, which more than paid
Sorghum for Forage.
Mary Post, of Medicine Lodge, Bar-
her county, Kan., who has probably
Leen as closely in touch with and as
itellingently observant of the saccha-
rine sorghums for both sugar and for-
age as any person living, writes to Sec-
retary F. D. Coburn, of the Kansas
board of agriculture saying:
The prevailing opinion throughout
this region seems to be that sorghum
will grow anywhere. Well, that's a fact
but the best results are obtained from
better work and a good deal less trust
in Providence. Too much care can not
be given the preparation of the ground.
The year 1899 was a very poor season
for all forage crops In our district, but
where good work was done the yield
was almost treble that obtained by
slipshod farming; the seasons are not
all to blame for our poor crops.
This crop is often brought into dis-
repute by the way the seed is put into
the ground, but more ofter by the man-
r.er of harvesting. There are a number
of ways to plant; each has some advan-
tage. If one wishes to list he should
be sure and double-list, or plow and
h*en list, using ten or fifteen pounds of
seen per acre, ana Keep tnoroughiy cul.
tivated. For hay, plow; then follow
closely with harrow and drill, using
one bushel of seed per acre. If prefer-
red, seed can be planted with a corn
lianter; it is not so easily washed out
as the listed seed and can be sooner
cultivated. The seed can.be taken off
with a header and stock turned in to
dispose of cane left standing. This is
a profitable and economical way of har-
To cut up the main crop we have
found that corn harvesters do good
work; the bound forage is vastly easi-
er handled and saves a great deal of
waste. Harvested in this way, it
should be shocked like other bound
feed, but ricked, butts outward. When
ready to use, load on a low wagon,
butts inward, and with a hay knife or
crosscut saw cut the heads off, and
thereby save both seed and fodder.
For hay, cut the drill cane as soon
as the seed is in the dough, and rake
into windows within twenty-four
hours. Before another sun sets have it
in cocks of 1,00 to 2,000 pounds, well
As to varieties, nothing has been
found to equal those chosen as supe-
rior several years ago. In 1898-99 much
work was done at Medicine Lodge by
the government and private persons,
and all experiments confirmed the fact
that Folger's Coleman and Collier still
held position as the very best for early,
medium and late canes. Amber is the
best, as an extra early or catch crop,
and for Northern latitudes is desirable.
Seeds of these can be had from the de-
partment of agriculture at Washington,
which sends out enough to give a good
start for seed. Nothing in the line of
sorghum can equal these; they repre-
sent years of labor and a vast amount
of money Whether the cause of the
evident improvement is acclimation of
the varieties or selection of seed, or
.h. the fact remains that we can
grow increased tonnage and superior
quality year by year.
Collier is a general favorite. xHorses
show a strong preference for it and
sheepmen say that Collier is the best
for their purposes, the stalks being soft
:.s well as sweet. It is however, a poor
seeder, and where grain is wanted,and
for hogs In winter, we always use dol-
man, the thick, sweet stalks and large
seed heads, being greedily eaten by
hogs, big and little.
After many trials we have found that
planting from a peck to one-half bushel
of seed per acre and cutting up when
seed was in dough, gave the most pal-
atable food. Such seeding makes fine-
stalked, heavy-foliaged and yet very
sweet cane, and in a dry season it
stands the dry weather much better
than that A6wn broa1de8t. Tihe past
winter I saw a plain Instance of what
the animals liked. We have in a home
corral two milch cows and several heif-
ers and calves. For some weeks we fed
them Kaffir corn, sorghum hay and
corn fodder; then brought in some of
this thickly listed sorghum, and at
once noticed how they relished the
change; but the fun began when we
went back to the cane hay and Kafir.
Old "Boss" led the rebellion and every
heifer followed suit, and for a genuine
group of sulky cattle I'l back that
bunch; then we got more of what they
wanted, and they at once showed what
a greedy crowd they could be.
To raise seed, get the best; then do
not plant more than three pounds per
itLrr, and two pounudo in jbttier
We like a good crop of Kaffir corn,
and grow some each year; yet in dry
season we find the sweet sorghum far
and away the better crop. They stand
dry weather longer, and quality of the
forage In not only 1nt Ilnjred thereby,
but the sugar contents is higher in dry
seasons than in wet; also, the fodder
is better relished by stock, while Kaf-
fir corn grows very hard and woody,
and is relatively an expensive feed
when so large a proportion is wasted.
As a grain producer Kaffir corn far ex-
cels the sweet sorghum
After ten years' experience I have
not found a superior or more economi-
Baby's coming should be a time of j
and happiness. Fear should be for-
gotten and pain a stranger.
How often is it so?
As the time approaches how often the
poor expectant ///"
mother is 1-53
Z- fearing and
It isn't right.
meant it to be
er were strong
and well in a
womanly way, as she ought to be, there
would be no danger and little pan.
The time of parturition is made com-
fortable and safe by the use of Dr.
Pierce's Favorite Prescription. It is a
medicine designed by a killed physician
-a specialist in the disorders and dis-
eases of women-for the express and
only purpose of putting the whole wom-
anly system into perfect, vigorous health.
It works directly on the organs involved
in baby's advent and makes them strong,
healthful and flexible. Taken during
the whole period of gestation it insures
the perfect health of both mother and
Mrs. Mollie X. Grimes, of Plomaton. Bsambsla
Co., Ala.. writes: "I have taken three bottles
of your 'Favorite Prescription' and one bottle
of your little Pellets' and oh, what an appetite
they did give me. My baby is now three months
old and weighs fifteen pounds and a half. When
she was born she was the fattest little baby girl
you ever aw. She wa the taret oa of
mny tmul.e and at tme oirth iar an uaskr amd
shorter time than I ever had. I am stouter and
healthier than I ever was. I never will b with-
out your medicine. May God bless you and
your good medicines."
For obstinate constipation Dr. Pierce's
Pleasant Pellets are the most perfect
medicine ever devised. They give
prompt, comfortable, permanent relef.
cal feed for stock than these. As dry
weather resisting plants, and for the
quality and quantity of food produced
per acre, the sweet sorghum stand
without a rival, always excepting al-
Over mamul&tion of Grea.
Permanent pastures and extensive
lawns are subject to much the same
general treatment, and llltragte how
true fertillser materials may be con-
verted Into stimulants; In this case,
however, stimulation means the rapid
exhaustion of one or two forces, where
good results require three forces work-
ing together. Stated plainly, grass, as
all other crops, requires nitrogen, pot-
ash and phosphoric acid; if only one of
these is supplied as plant food, the re-
sult will be to rapidly exhaust the sup-
ply of the other two.
The striking effects of top-dressings
of nitrate of soda to lawns or perma-
nent grass fields, has led to a wide use
of nitrate of soda for a grass fertilizer,
and as it makes a prompt showing to
the eye, too many farmers rest with
the nitrate application alone. In this
use, nitrate is indeed the "whip to the
ured norae." NOW, as a matter of fact,
nitrate is a valuable source of nitro-
genous plant food, and especially de-
sirable for top-dressings; but it con-
tains only nitrogen plant food. Grass
needs also practically equivalent quan-
tities of potash, and very considerame
amounts of phosphoric acid. For ex-
ample, an average acre crop contains
plant food as follows:
Meadow Hay-Nitrogen, 83 lbs.; pot-
ash, 85 lba.; phosphoric acid, 23 lbs.
Timothy-Nitrogen, 89 lbs.; potash, 94
lbs.; phosphoric acid, 32 lbs.
Pasture Grass-Nitrogen, 97 lbs.; pot-
ash, 99 lbs.; phosphoric acid, 31 lbsl
It Is evident that continuous top-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
ufresing ofr umSe oi soda without mo
application of a corresponding amount
of potash and say half as much phos-
phoric acid, will result in the soil be-
coming deficient in these two latter in-
gredients of plant food. The result is
a matter of commeBa-swe judgmeat-
the grass dies off more or les rapidly.
Bare spots form, often being covered
with a thin growth of moss-like plants;
the grass simply starves to( death.
This starvation means a very com-
plete exhaustion of the soil, so far as
potash and phosphates are concerned,
as the feeding roots of grasses cover
the soil very fully. Simple breaking
up of the soil or liming, will do lttle
good, as the cause of the damage is a
lack of available potash and phos-
phatic plant food. The proper plant
food must be applied, but it is prob-
able that in the process of starving out.
the mechanical condition of the soil
has also suffered, and two or three
years must elapse, even with the best
treatment, before the soil has recov-
ered a good normal condition.
The safest plan is to feed the grass
every year, for if plant food is unnec-
essary, the crop will not fall off, or un-
sightly bare spots appear in the lawn.
On heavy clayey soils apply in the fall
from 600 to 1,000 pounds of a fertilizer
testing 6 per cent. phosphoric acid, and
9 per cent. actual potash. On lands
quite rolling the applicatioii 6I [ft
made in the early spring. On
lighter soils the larger quantity
should be used, and applied broadcast
in the spring. There need be no fear
of injuring the grass. Of course, if a
new lawn is being seeded, or new pas-
ture laid out, the fertilizer should be
broadcasted before sowing the seed,
and lightly harrowed in The nitrate
of soda is used to best advantage after
the seeds have thoroughly germinated,
or on old lawns and permanent grass
lands, when the grass first puts forth
now growth In the onrinr Nitrait
should be applied at the rate of from
Over stimulation of grass 22
100 to 200 pounds per acre, broadcast-
ed, and if in midseason the grass shows
a yellowish or light green color, a sec-
ond application should be given.
Halltaon, N. C.
State of Ohio, City of Toledo, Lucas
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he
is senor partner of the firm of F. J.
Cheney & Co., doing business in the
city of Toledo, County and State afore-
said, and that said firm will pay the
sum of ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS
for each and every case of Catarrh
that cannot be cured by the use of
Hall's Catarrh Cure.
FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before me and subscribed
in my presence, this 6th day of Decem-
ber, A. D., 1886. A. W. Gleason,
Seal. Notary Public.
Iall's Catarrh il taken internally,
and acts directly on the blood and mu-
cous surfaces of the system. Send for
F.J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Sold by all druggists, 75 cents.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
The Zgg Bcord.
We are often called upon to give the
number of eggs a certain breed of hens
will lay in a year, says Iowa Home-
stead. A great many people keep a re-
cord of their hens and are in very good
position to know the output. Some of
these tests are trustworthy; others are
ifiide for tht6 1 5 g n 5Bafingf a
breed and may be as far from the facts
as it is possible to get. There Is no real
standard upon which to judge what a
flock of fifty hens will do. The reason
for this is, that some of them will be
pii lte, som1 hens, some are permitted
to sit and rear a brood, some will be
layers and others non-layers, etc., all
of which will effect the record made.
It is all right to have a good egg re-
cord but at the same time there are
cther elements that should be taken in-
to consideration in determining wheth-
er a lien is desirable to keep. Hardiness
and table qualities are to be considered,
and yet a hen well up in these quali-
ties may not lay over 100 eggs in a
year. When this yield is compared
with some of the records we read about
of 200 eggs per hen, there is a liability
to bVgecome dstisfied with what we
save, and desire to change without tak-
ing into consideration some of the other
good qualities of the 100 egg hen. We
"We believe that many are persuaded to
jump "out of the frying pan into the
fire" by just such records. We may be
a little pessimistic along this line, but
if we are, it is the only thing that we
plead guilty to in the line of pessi-
mism. We have come to the conclu-
sion that anything with a record less
than eigty eggs is very bad, that one
hundred is good and that 130 or 150
Is seldom passed. The average record
among many good poultrymen ranges
from eighty to 120 and very many on-
ly sixty or seventy. All flocks whose
record runs from 150 up, may be found
in catalogues and may be considered
as advertising puffs. This record is
made by selecting a few pullets and
the record is kept for a short space of
time and the whole year figured by the
average of this short record. It is not
a difficult matter to select six pullets in
January out of a flock of fifty that will
lay in the first three months of the ya
nearly as many eggs as the other for-
ty-four and double their average for the
year. We do not expect to be contra-
dicted by the person who keeps a large
number of hens, but the man with a
puff in his catalogue, will probably take
exceDtion to this statement.
In the state of nature, or in the afb-
sence of any selection in breeding, hens
only lay from thirty-six to forty eggs
each. Exceptional cases occur, how-
ever, where they probably lay 200. In
a flock of fifty will be found hens that
will lay all numbers between these ex-
tremes. We have before us a table
showing the average egg yield of the
several breeds of fowls and the aver-
age yield per hen runs from 90 in the
Colored Dorklnga to 150 Civen to the
common hen. In the general purpose
breeds the highest record is 120 cred-
ited to the Langshans; in the meat
breeds, the highest record is 120 cred-
ited to the Light Brahmas and in the
egg breeds the Leghorns have the
lIlghest record, which ti 125,
The greatest evidence of the dangers
or cholera morbus, diarrhoea and dys-
crtery is the increase in the death rate
during the summer months. You can-
not be too careful, and particular at-
tention should be paid to the diet. A
supply of Pain-Killer should always be
on hand for it can be relied on at all
times as safe, sure and speedy. A tea-
spoonful will cure any ordinary case.
Pain-Killer, Perry Davis'. Price 25e
Avoid substitutes, there is but one
and 50c. 6
1rtlinu and Brmading He a.t
In starting out upon the business
of hare breeding, one buck and four
does will be quite sufficient. And let
these be the best. If you are breeding
for exhibition purposes, your breeders
must be of the very best and not akin,
and even when breeding for market
purposes, it pays to have first-class
stock. Choice stock always sells better
than common stock.
But, however, high grade your first
buck and doe may be, unless you mate
right you will not get the results you
are after, in the offspring. Particular-
ly is this true in mating for show spe-
VipVns- Notice the "ticking," or the
black points on the red hairs, which is
a i ery important consideration. Mate
dark-ticked and light-ticked, or two
heavy ticked. And never mate a buck
and a doe that are both lacking in the
same points. Breeders with white bars
on front feet, or black on top of tail
are "no good." Then symmetry, shape,
and hazel-colored eye are other requis-
ites to success.
When ready to breed your does take
them to the pen of the buck. Watch
the doe carefully and do not leave her
with the buck but a few minutes. If
she is in season, she will take the buck
in five minutes, and if she does not re-
turn her to her pen. A trial should be
made daily for three or four days. until
service is performed, and it is well to
test her again and it is well to test her
again on the third or fourth day after
service, The doe will kindle within
thirty days. Before the time is up, see
that the hutch is well cleaned, and the
doe provided with some clean hay or
straw for her nest. The doe should not
be disturbed by any other rabbit dur-
ing the term or gestation, nor should
she be handled by her keeper. Should
she be weak after kindling, give her
malt-mash. In this case, and in fact
whenever a doe is weak, bread soaked
11 mill, squeezed rather dry again, it
i-he will take it, will considerably
strengthen her, says a writer in the
Poultry Monthly. At the time of kind-
ling, a little cold water should be
placed conveniently in the hutch, as
the animal appears much gratified by
The buck should not be allowed
near her, but after the young are born,
and are two or three weeks old, the
doe is ready again to be put to the buck
(although one month is better), which
should be done in the evening, replac-
ing her with the young ones in the
morning, with whom she may be al-
lowed three or four weeks longer. The
young then should be put in a hutch to
Spirt ror thiemelvea.
At the time of kindling, neglect may
be fatal, and she must at the same time
be kept quiet, and be well fed, to sup,
port her nursing. The omission of a
single meal may check her milk and oc-
casion the death of several young.
During the first week let her have plen-
ty of bran, mingled with a little salt.
The number a doe produces is gen-
e-ally from six to twelve; but when
any of the litter exhibits signs of weak-
nrss, they should be destroyed, as it is
much better for the doe to bring up
hix fine, healthy rabbits than ten sick-
ly ones. After she has kindled, the
young should on no account be touched,
except for the purpose above named;
for she is very shy at such times, and if
much teased or harassed, will be like-
ly to destroy her young. Should the
doe be weak after bringing forth, she
T WO hundred butahla
of Potatoes remove
eighty pounds of "actual" Pot-
ash from the soil. One thou-
sand pounds of a fertilizer con-
taining 8% "actual" Potash
will supply just the amount
needed. If there is a de-
ficiency of Potash, there will be
a falling-off in the crop.
We have some valuable
books telling about composi-
tion, use and value of fertilizers
ior various crops. They are
GERMAN KALI WORKS,
93 Nasau St., New York
That wiil kill
all the weeds
If you keep
the weeds cut
so they do not
go to seed,
breaking the small feeders of roots
the grass will become thick and
weeds will disappear. Send for
TlE CLIPPER WILL DO IT
CLIPPER LAWN MOWER CO.
Western Poultry Farm,
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It is up to date. 24 pages.
9and to day. We sell beat liquid lice kiUl-
-r r-or eta cM r gallon. Aium inum Si
bands for poultry, 1 dos., 20 ots; 25 for 30
cts; 50 for 50 cts; 100 for 1.
will drink beer, candle, or take a little
malt-mash, which will be very grateful
to her. At the time of kindling, don't
forgot that a little cold watdt should
be placed conveniently In the hutch, for
as we have said, the animal appears
wonderfully gratified by it. Does will
continue breeding until they are five
years old; after this they may be
ki:led, though perhaps at this age they
may be found rather tough for the ta-
While a doe can produce a Utter of
from six to twelve every month, it is
not advisable to breed her more than
fOar or fvYr times a yeW.--Ecohanga
THE REMORSELESS BOY.
Mr. Wise-What are you going to do
with that penny your teacher gave you,
Johnny-Going to buy a comic valen-
tine and send It to him.-Baltimare
1HE DANGER OF "EQUAL" EDU-
Aunt Martha-For mercy's sake!
What are you about, Carrie?
Carrie-Harry called me "dearest"
Aunt Martha-I'm sure that was
Carrie-Why, auntie, don't you see,
if I am dearest somebody else must be
dearer. If there is, it will surely break
my heart.-Boston Transcript.
se "' THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
How to Xake a IAving on a 10 Acre considered, and profit is the great desl-
Warm in West Florida. sideratum in farming as in everything
First: Prepare your land well in else. We have stood by chufas in the
fall or winter season. past, and yet believe them to rank with
Secondly: Raise all the fertilizer the best for hogs for fattening purpo-
you can at home. sea, but they are rather low down in
Third: Feed your farm and the the list when comparisons are made
farm will feed you. concerning the greatest profit per acre
How many acres to plant when to that may be secured by the produc-
plant? and what to plant? tion of the several crops for like pur-
Wo first p gt about the last of De- poses. But there are localities where
cember, five acres of oats, plant them some of this list of desirable crops may
in drills on flat beds about six feet not be at home as much as some oth-
broad, two drills to the bed, 80 inches crs, and hence the program may need
apart. This leaves you a water fur- changing. What we want to impress
row between your oats, which you can on the minds of our readers is the im-
plant in corn about April the first. portance of tying to those crops which
Then about the middle of May cut your will give the best returns for labor and
oats. This crop is not to be sold but capital expended. Upon this lies the
use it to feed your stock. After cutting basis of successful farming.-Datil
your oats plow up those oat stubbles Pepper.
and plant Spanish ground-peas, about
June the first, from which you can Jamaica Sorrel Culture.
fatten eight head of swine. The tops
of the ground-peas are also good cow One of the obstacles in the culture of
feed. The five acres with proper care Jamaica sorrel has been the difficulty
feed. The five acres with proper care
will yield you about 200 bushels of in procuring seed or plants. The fruit
grain. i matures so late in the season that it is
Then we have five acres left which liable to be caught with the early
we will plant separated crops on. frosts. Three years experience in say-
One acre should be planted in small ing seed, has proved to us that saving
grains of different kinds for pigs and seed is not so serious a matter as we
thickens; oats or rye, German millet, Lad supposed. Three years ago we
grasses and so on. Kede one of these got a few samples of fruit from a
small grains on hand all the while for eigghbor. They did not seems to be
your chickens, pigs and poultry of fully developed, and I had little idea
other description. that any of the seed would grow, yet
One acre in sweet potatoes well the seed from one of them produced
cared for, planted any time between several plants. The next year, we had
the last of May and the first of July, early December frosts. Wishing to
will yield 100 bushels. Sell 50 bushels quake a further trial of the value of
at 50 cents. Keep the other 50 bushels the plant we covered a little of it to
for table purposes protect from frost and obtained seed
Plant one acre in sugar cane, plant that grew readily. Last season having
it as spring opens. If well cared for become satisfied that the fruit was a
we expect four barrels of molasses, valuable acquisition we covered sever-
three barrels to be sold at 35 or 40 al plants and saved them till the last of
cents per gallon, which would net you tbp month. We saved seed from the
;100. Lb matured fruit, nearly all of which
This leaves us two acres for garden was still in condition to make good
purposes, from which we can raise jelly.
quite a large quantity and all qualities After saving some of the best look-
of vegetables, for which there is al- ing seed for our use and to supply the
ways a demand. demand from friends and neighbors,
We would have two cows, two or we still had a lot of shriveled looking
more sows and twenty pigs, 100 chick- seed that wai apparently nearly worth-
ens. One hundred dollars income ex- less. It was all planted very thickly,
pected from this source each year.- not supposing one seed in ten would
A. M. Grimes in Laurel Hill Gazette. grow. The outcome was a surprise
and as a result we have several thous-
MoSt o09d Anough Alon Another remarkable fact in regard
We believe that when one has found to the culture of the plant is that the
a remedy that i eMlcacious in certain latest and smallest plants blossom first,
ailments he should not cast about for and make the first fruit. The natural
another, nnles such a one has been conclusion with regard to a plant that
proven to be cheaper, or more desirable is liable to injury from early frosts
to take or apply. Just so with farming, would be that it should be started as
If It be found that certain crops are soon as possible so as to have it ma-
particularly adapted to the soil, that ture early. Two years ago, our best
they answer every purpose for man plants eight or nine feet high, did not
or beast upon the place, and that they blossom as soon as later plants only
are produced at least expenditure of three or four feet high. Last year we
time and money, then one doesn't want tried early culture again with the same
to project with fanciful crops-unless result as before, the latest plants blos-
he has money to burn. Now, we know soming a little before the others, al-
that velvet beans, cassava, potatoes though the first planting was over ten
sugar cane, sorghum and peas meet the feet high. It seems that nothing will
rquirements of which we have just cause blossoms to apear before the
spoken, and hence should be rigidly re- cool weather of autumn.
guarded as the standbys for a large pro- Last year the first blooms were no-
pwrtlon of the Gulf State. Cassava ticed the 5th of November. These
&ad the velvet bean may be an exeep- facts suggest the idea that it might be
tion in some of the territory named, well to transplant as late as June and
but for Florida, at least, the assertion not have such large plants. Last year
holds good. we had plants six feet high four
We know that the peanut and chu- months after transplanting. The fruit
fas deservedly rank high as desirable on smaller plants is just as good and is
crops, but they ae only seona in im- much more easily gathered.
portance to those named when profit is The plants too, need not be set so
far apart. In saving seed the smaller
plants could be much more easily pro- A N k
ttcted from frost. Bend the branches
over and cover with old sacks, paper W
or anything that will protect from S opal an geents Wt erd by a ery
frost, covering the entire plant. Three py Ca Be Obtained by P er
or four good seed capsules will furnish eer Fo r weeks te
For weeks the stes
more seeds than any family would have been busy tersn
need for home use. Save seed from t te enorm
ion of Dr. J. Newton
best bearing plants. We prefer those "Hanwa'nesW boo' -
t.at branch widely near the ground. Health"-neeesas to
G. W. WeDster. Dr. .atw
Lake Helen, Fla. has reserved a nmite
Lakenumber of these books,
and thesehehaupecae y
arranged tosendfree by
The Early lChick. maltclreadersfth
It is not too early to begin to ar- a, drea tohm.
range for early chickens. The early- For 2o years Dr. Hathwayhas confined his
practice almost exclusively to diseases of men,
hatched bird is the one that is best and during that time he has restored more men
trom start to fnish. It Is the hardiest, hyltll other tor, s In th 4 ountrytomale
the largest and the most satisfactory Dr. Hathaway treas and cr by a method
entirely his own discovered and perfected by
in every way. When these conditions himself and us x.lu v b L
are found in a fowl there will be profit.. In its different stages, Beumatism Weak Bak
SalldmaDierof urinary complaint*l lc Sores
Many of our readers will ask how the and Diseases, Brn hts Diseaseaondaformi
early chick is to be obtained, as they of Kidney Troubles. His treatment for d
toned men restores lost vitality and makes the
do not seem to have any control over patent strong, well, vigorous man.
r Dr. Hathaway's success In the retmetof
the powers that be in their poult Varcocele and tricture without the aid of
or cautery is phenomenal. Tie patient is treat.
yards and they cannot make the hens d by this method at his own hoe without md
sit when they would like to have them or lss oftime from business. Tbhislsi eIV
the only treatment which cures wntoe anoe.e
do so. It hens do not wish to sit early, aton. Dr. Hathaway call thepartcur
tion of sufferers from Varieoele and Strictue go
the incubator can be relied upon for paes 27. 28,29 and 31 of his new book.
If it i T case taken by Dr. Hathaway
the early-hatched fowls. It it is im- trtaccrdlng to its nur. ande
possible or impracticable to get an in- eral uprsonapervslandallremedi by
him are prepared from thelpurestand bestd I
cubator, the matter will have to be ar- hisown boratorie under persouao
SDr. Hathaway makes no charge for:eom
ranged for along other lines. We have tion or advice, either at his office or by mall, a
been most successful in obtaining early cosofamedisnes kad professlonle services.
chicks, aside from the incubator, when Dr. Hathaway always prefers, when it Is pl
ble, to have his patients call on him for at-lea
we had winter laying hens. Hens one Interview, but this is not essentl, as he has
cured scores of thousands of patients aI s me.
would lay well all winter, and by very tons of the world whom he has never een. His
early spring they would cease (abou System of Home Treatment Is so perfected that
early spring they would cease (about n about ud
the time others are beginning) and as though the patient called daily at his o
would become broody and express an J. NBWTON HATiAWAY, M. A
urgent desire to sit. These are provid- B Dr. HaBythawayr &o,,
SBryan Street, Savanl ,
ed with hatches, and the pullets from MENTION THI SPArpa wwaI warrZo.
this hatch selected for winter layers TRUSSES, S $ 25 AND UP
The chicks having been hatched out
early should be put into a warm coop,
which should be placed in an open f6C.
shed where the cold wind will not ,,"Yish 6s Mad nm \and n
strike and where the sunshine will 1.th e by oth I d.I W
warm up the surroundings. This is the o, u,.SA m a.. t nil!searatea u.s
#a. out and inds~unwit OUR ttaR
plan, of course, where no brooders are tro w.rO1 Sl, Ae w ho, ,og yohar" an
rup tred, wa rpair slarSg or small; also state
used. But where the latter are used n Imber lnh ro a body on a lna with a
there will be but little use for the old ,mapd w r ia on rigt or lerft ide
sturld:nlg. i a Paa pIeI a 8il opalto I*' d"
hen at all. When brooders are man- =ll tImes O pri ,yoncu a itasadwi
aged just right, the chlcks will be tree Ill return your LUE ,moey
WRITE FOR F1REE TRUSS CaATALOGe sa. H,,,aa1asm
from lice and will outgrow those .'tamm. ne. uadun e sN~a .l L 2.75
reared by hens. Begin now and lay G SEARS, RO BUCK Co.C CAsO
plans for early chicks, and it a failure 0 YEARS'
to do so results, it may be well to as- EXPERIENCE
certain why and try to avoid it anoth-
Mr. C. W. Bannerman is the possess-
or of a Bible which has been in his
family for nearly three hundred years.
'he translation was approved by the
General Assembly, at Edinburgh, Nov.
23, 1649, and by the Committee on Es-
tates, January 6, 1650. The printing
was done by Evan Tyler, "printer to
the King's Most Excellent Magesty,
1698." The old Bible commences with
the book of Proverbs and in the back
is the Psalms in meter. The printing
and spelling is of course the old En-
A GOOD EXCUSE.
"You wish to be relieved from jury
duty, but you haven't given a good rea-
son," said the Judge.
"It's public spirit," said the unwill-
ing juryman, "on the score of economy.
I have dyspepsia, your honor, and I
never agree with anybody. If I go on
this jury, there'll be a disagreement,
and the court will have to go to the
expense of a new trial."
"Excused," said the Judge.-Tit-Blts.
lUEI ALL T8I PAIN WITN
A Iodicine Chest in Itsl.
SIMPLE, SAFE AND QUICK CURE FOR
Cramps, Diarrhoea, Oold*,
25 and 50 cent Botles
BEWARE OF IMITATIONS.
BUYY ONLY THE GNUNE.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. an
WIJ AL DZEPABTIX T.
Address all communications to the
editor, W. C. Steele, Switzerland, Fla.
We described this shrub last fall, but
wish to call attention to it again. It is
certainly a very desirable species for
general cultivation. The powers are
almost as showy as those of Poinciana
pulcherrlma, with the added advantage
of being almost hardy in Florida. Bush-
es were killed to the ground in Febru-
ary 1800 by a temperature of 12 de-
grees. But this last winter they en-
dured all our cold snaps entirely unin-
jured, and the last one went down to
A bush on our place grown from
seed sown In the spring of 1890, is now
over six feet high. The main stem is
three feet, from that six large branches
spread In every direction; the top Is
aix feet in diameter.
It is now loaded with bright clus-
ters of large pea-shaped lowers. Indi-
vidual blossoms are an inch in diame-
ter, and each cluster contains from
twelve to twenty blooms.
The botany gives the color as bright
red, but that is hardly the true shade;
Sit is more nearly salmon pink or scar-
The flowers are followed by curlo-s
four-sided pods, each corner extending
outward Into a sort of wing. These
seed pods are so entirely different from
all others that having been seen since
they can never be mistaken for anoth-
The Daubentonia has been in cultiva-
tion so long that it has run wild in
places and become a weed on vacant
lots and waste lands. Why it has not
bten taken up and reintroduced by
some florist we fail to understand.
Many much less desirable plants have
been pushed, not only for all they were
worth, but a great deal more
Coopeda Drummondl or rainflower.
We find an interesting account of the
Cooperla in the Mayflower. All the
praise of this flower we can heartily
endorse. We have had some Cooperia
bulbs for over a dozen years. But eith-
er they arb a different species, or the
climate of Texas is very different from
that of Florida. They bloom after a
heavy rain, but we never saw a stalk
come up and the fower open in twenty-
four hours Instead of three as stated
in this article. We had a heavy rain
on Monday night, and a lower stalk
started up at once, but at the time of
writing this, Friday noon, it has not
yet opened, it is now eight inches high
and may bloom tonight, but the last
one grew to be a foot high before it
opened. The buds very closely resem-
ble those of our native Zephyranthes
o- "Easter Lily," being pink on the out-
side, but the blooms are pure white:
"We had been attending a protracted
meeting five miles from here and I had
gone home with friends after the after-
noon service, as we intended to wait
for the night preaching. It was one
of those hot, close days that always
end up with a thunder storm, and the
clouds were already gathering in the
northwest. It had been showery for
two or three day. The ground was
parched and dry, even the weeds had
succumbed. We took a short cut
across the prairie, and the dead grass
and weeds cracked under our feet like
tinder. The ground rse and fell every
twenty or fifty fet nl what is known
among farmers as hog-wallow land.
We spoke of the desolate look every-
Sthing had, and wished for a big rain to
Spring up the gras again.
"When we left the house three hours
later the moon was shining brightly on
glistening raindrops, while each bush
we passed shook its pearly drops oil
with a merry tinkle. The air was cool
Sand sweet, and white, fleecy clouds
Chased each other -across the sky. As
Swe emerged from the woods and step-
S.ed out on the prairie a faint, delicious
perfume hung heavy on the moist night
air. I gave one surprised look around,
then turning to my friend exclaimed:
'Behold the field which thou thoughtest
barren, how great a glory the moon-
light hath revealed.'
"Truly the prophetic words describ-
ed the scene; as far as the eye could
tee the moonlight shone on a field of
white lilies, from eight to twelve inches
high. Where we had trod on burnt
dry grass in the afternoon thousands
of glistening starry blossoms shed their
fragrance on the night air. The Texas
Itunflower had appeared as if by
magic, and no one who has not seen
these tiny darlings can imagine half
tleir beauty. For cutting or wearing
with a few Fern leaves for foliage they
"Towards the Gulf where showers
are more frequent they bloom repeated-
ly during the summer, and I heard of
a wedding where these tiny gems were
used exclusively, mixed with Maiden
Hair Fern. Bride, bridesmaid, break-
fast table and room, all adorned with
the beautiful silky blossoms of this
Cooperia. If you want to be delighted
invest at least a quarter in Cooperia
Iarumondi." Mrs. W. J. Standlee.
alea and Posles
The following from the Mayflower
is a little late seed planting is gen-
erally over before this time. But there
is a lesson in it that it would be well
"A woman was planting flower seeds.
There was nothing remarkable about
the woman. She seemed to be Just an
ordinary person, in a blue gingham
apron; but her method of planting was
to say the least, decidedly peculiar.
"On the ground beside her was a tin
pan filled with packets of seeds, and a
single glarce at the varied collection
was enough to show that these packets
had been selected from an assortment
in a box at some grocery store, solely
because of the gaudy pictures on the
packets, without any regard whatever
to the contents. Although it was late
in May, there were seeds of Verbenas,
Pansies, Carnations, Stocks, Dahlias,
Asters, Sweet Peas, and other plants
requiring an early start; but in they
went, regardless of time, and with de-
lightful impartiality as to situation,
along with Nasturtiums, Candytuft,
Foxgloves, Popples, Zinnias and other
annuals and perennials.
"The soil in the bed consisted of
sand, sticks, cobble-stones and broken
bottles, in about equal proportions. A
little of this surprising mixture was
scooped out, the seeds from one of the
packets were scattered with a lavish,
if not a discriminating hand, Into the
hole, which was about a foot square,
the soil was scooped back again into
place, and the planting continued after
this fashion, until the seeds were all
"Perhaps some netihbor's dog or
stray chicken assisted Nature a little
by scratching some of these seeds near-
er the surface, for, strange as it may
Seem, a few plants of Poppies, Nastur-
tiums and Marigolds came up and blos-
i some in a half-hearted way in the
L course of time; but the result was not
What it might have been, had the
Seeds been properly selected and plant-
i ed, for the woman had enough for a
i bed four times as large.
S"A flower of any sort attracts me;
Sbtides I felt interested in that par-
Sticular garden, having witnessed the
peculiar planting thereof, so I jumped
off my wheel and got a nearer view of
'Would you like to come inside?'
asked the woman pleasantly.
'How does your garden grow?' I
asked, following her to the poorly
'Oh! I never had any luck with
flowers,' she replied. 'I bought two
dollars worth of seeds this spring; but
I guess they weren't any good, for only
a few came up, and they don't amount
'Do you take any floral magazine
or paper?' (I knew, however, that she
didn't without asking the question).
'No,' she said, 'it seems silly to
have to read a book Just to do anything
so easy as to plant a few seeds. Any-
body can plant seeds.'
"There was a very respectable lemon
pie cooling on the window sill, and a
cook book lay open face downward be-
'When you make a pie or cake, do
you go about it haphazard, or do you
use a recipe?'
'Oh, I use a recipe,' she said. 'I
never can remember from one time to
another whether to put in one egg or
"'When you make a garment for
yourself, or your children, do you use
a pattern, or do you merely take a pair
of shears and cut it out by your eye?'
'Why! I get a pattern, of course,'
said the woman, evidently wondering
what connection there was between
plants, pies and patterns
'Well,' said I, 't is easier for some
people to make pies without a recipe
than it is for others to plant a garden
without one. You wouldn't put doubt-
ful eggs in your pies, but the seeds you
planted were not of the best, though
some of them may have been fairly
'When you set bread, you set it at
night and let it rise for several hours;
but when you make cake you make it
j,.st as quickly as you can. Some seeds
are like bread, and require time and
lots of it before they come to maturity.
Others are like cake, and come up at
once, and are ready in a short time.
But you started wour bread and your
cake all at once, so to speak, when you
planted those seeds; for your Pansies
and your Poppies went underground at
one and the same moment. You need
some good recipes for your garden. I
will bring you some next time I come
this way and if you will follow them
I am sure your plants will be as good
as your pies.'
"That woman is only one of many.
There are thousands of women, and
men too, who would not think of doing
anything from making a pie to build-
ing a palace without first learning
hew; but when it comes to gardening
ttey seem to think it is only necessary
to sow the seed in any old way and
leave the rest to nature. When the re-
slt Is a failure, as It is apt to be, the
unfortunate seeds are at fault; the man
who sold them is a fraud, and the eare-
less, ignorant gardener is a poor abused
victim without any luck."
A Floral iraecle.
The following comment of the editor
of the Mayflower, on the above article,
about Cooperia, escaped our notice un-
til the matter was in the hands of the
printer. We add it now, it speaks for
"In this issue on page 114, Mrs. W.
J Standlee recounts a floral miracle
which was wrought in the State of
'Txas. Among the native flowers of
Texas is the Cooperia, sometimes call-
ed the Giant Fairy Lily, a bulb closely
allied to the Zephyranthes, but having
a very distinct appearance. It bears
beautiful, Primrose-scented, Lily-like
ftwere on stems 10 to 15 inches tall;
and is remarkable In the Amaryllis
family for opening its flowers first dur-
ing the night. They bloom from April
to October inclusive, usually about five
days after a rain, the flowers appear-
ing as if by magic; this characteristic
has earned for them the name of the
Texas Rainflower. But in the Instance
of which our correspondence writes it
took but three hours after a rain to
transform the parched and seemingly
barren land into a sea of fragrant,
gleaming white blossoms on stems 8
to 12 inches tall. Such a transforma-
tion is phenomenal, and for rapidity of
growth rivals that of the giant unarm-
ed Bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris) of Ben-
gel, which in Florida rises to the height
of over 70 feet in a single season, the
culms rushing up at a rate of from 12
to 18 inches every 24 hours. In the
case of the Cooperias the rain falling
on the sun-baked earth undoubtedly
transformed it virtually into a botbed
which forced into magic growth the
buds that had long lain dormant and
vaulting for the necessary moisture."
OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowled-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and stricture, without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nervous Disorders, Kid-
ney and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is equally successful Dr. Hath-
away's practice is ,more than double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
cians, readily yield to his treatment
Write him to-day fully about your
case. He makes no charge for consul-
tation or advice, either at his office or
by mail. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D.
25 Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.
Cream Ple.-Make a good crust, put
it on the bottom of the pie pan and
bake. Put one pint new milk in a
pan on the stove. Take two table-
spoons flour and one of cornstarch, the
yolk of one egg, three tablespoons su-
;ar, a pinch of salt and some nutmeg,
stir it all up with some cold milk and
add it to the boiling milk. When it
las thickened spread it on the rust.
Beat the white of the eggs to a stiff
foam and add one tablespoon sugar
and a little vanilla, and spread it over
the top. Put it in the oven and let it
315 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Entered at the postofice at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
One year, single subscription............$ 2.00
Six months, single subscription......... 100
Single copy .................... ...... .. 05
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, a a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on De.and, or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
sponsible in case of loss. When personal
checks are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the ad-
dress of their paper changed MUST give the
.old as well as the new address.
We now have an office in Jacksonville,
Room 4, Robinson Block, Viaduct, where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to see any of our sub-
scribers. Any time we can be of service in
Jacksonville, drop us a line to above address.
WEDNESDAY, MAY, 16, 1900.
Except in California and the Gulf
States fig culture has not become very
popular as yet in the United States, al-
though the hardier varieties can be
grown successfully as far North as the
southern belt of the New England
States. The tree or bush with its
broad, rich foliage is not only of great
value for its fruit, but is highly orna-
mental as well. There are hundreds
of varieties known throughout the trop-
ical and sub-tropical zones of the east-
ern hemisphere. The most successful
ones of our Middle and South Atlantic
States are Angellque, Black Ischia,
Brunswick, Celestial, Genoa, San Pe-
dro, Turkey or Turkey Brown, The
latter which is portrayed in our fron-
tispiece is considered one of the har-
diest. The tree from which this speci-
men was taken grows in Kent Co.,
DeL, and received no winter protection
whatever. Further north, however, it
is safer to give fig trees some protec-
tion by tying up the branches with
straw and bagging, or by bending the
bushes down upon the ground and cov-
ering them with soil. Against the east
hide of the Academy of Design, corner
4th avenue and 23d street, New York
City, stands a fig tree which has flour-
ished there for many years with no pro-
tection what ever.
The cultivation of the fi is of the
casiest kind. It will grow in almost
any location and thrives best in a rich,
n'oist soil, containing an abundance of
humus. The principal difficulty with
fig culture is that the young plants are
tender, and easily injured by frost.
Therefore when desired for home use,
rorth of the semi-tropical zone, it is
advisable to plant them on the east
side of buildings or tight fences, but
even in our Southern States it is ob-
served that the trees do better in door-
yards than in open orchards. The uses
of the fruit are many, but in addition
to its value as food the tree is so or-
namental in appearance and tropical
effect as to entitle it to more extensive
introduction into the gardens of all but
our Northernmost States.-American
A Geological Survey.
The necessity of a thorough geologi-
cal survey of the State is one that ev-
ery day becomes more obvious; and
had it been made years ago, the inter-
ests of the community might have been
immeasurably advanced. Had it been
suggested, prior to the discovery of the
most valuable phosphate beds in the
county, that any such deposits were ly-
ing unrecognized and unregarded be-
neath our very feet, the prophet would
have been scoffed at for his pa;ns
Nevertheless, the phoshate was there,
and in the darkest days of financial and
commercial prostration that ever
dawned upon Florida, our people were
patiently plowing poor crops, while
the potential wealth stored up for them
by countless ages lay close beneath the
furrow as it ran.
History is said to repeat itself, and
wnat has once happened in Florida,
may again come to pass. Our people
may to-day be carrying on the business
of life with undiscovered and undevel-
oped resources within their reach; and
the discovery of phosphate may some
day be paralleled by the accidental un-
earthing of other mineral deposits of
equal value. But why should we wait
on chance or trust to accident, when
the unerring finger of scientific re-
search may be depended on to point
out the way for us? This is the "age
the reason"-the era of business meth-
ods and common-sense conclusions:
and no further time should
be lost in making adequate prepara-
tion for such a geological survey of the
State as shall literally leave no stone
unturned, and whose completion shall
place our people in a position to form
an accurate estimate of their mineral
assets and common wealth.-T.-U. &
The Future of Farming.
Farming as a profession under pres-
ent and prospective conditions, must
inevitably become more and more at-
tractive to right-minded men. The
crude methods and meager returns of
the past are being superseded by the
results of profound study and practical
experimentation. Heretofore we have
Iad educated rarulers who knew no
more of the ?'uila;i ental principles of
agric(uiturI tman a Jewlgi nalorlallaner.
Many of them who could read Caesar's
De Bello Gallico, or the Iliad, in the
original tongues, did not know that
nitrogen was chiefly responsible for
the dark green color in growing heat
which so delighted their eyes. They
could demonstrate the "problem of the
lights," but could not calculate a bal-
anced ration for old Brindle. They
might know the political history of the
country from Alexander Hamilton to
William McKinley, without knowing
the difference between a Flanderian
escutcheon and a Mexican brand on a
broncho. They were educated in all*
the modern sciences but didn't know
SZ THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
The Department of Agriculture and
The statistics of agriculture pub-
lished decennially by the census office
as the result of a farm-to-farm visita-
tion are used by this department in
the revision of its own figures, sub-
stantially, in fact, as a new statistical
starting point. Unless those to be col-
lected by the census during the ap-
proaching month of June should be
manifestly and seriously erroneous-a
contingency which is extremely unlike-
ly, in view of the great care with
which the work has been laid out-
they will be adopted by the depart-
ment in lieu of the provisional esti-
mates of the crops of 1899, and, with
necessary modifications, of the num-
bers of farm animals appearing in its
repot f9? that yar.
The department's crop correspondents
do not make independent and definite
quantitative reports for each or any
year. Each individual report takes the
form of a comparison, on a percentage
basis, with the acreage and production
in the same locality the year before,
the estimates for which are similarly
based on those of the year preceding
it. 40 s Mas; bse toW is saan s Whilea
this method of reporting possesses the
greatest advantages and presents the
fewest difficulties, It is, nevertheless,
open to the objection that the cumula-
tive effect of a persistent tendency
either to overestimate or underesti-
matt is liable to throw the deprt-
ble number of our people sojourning
uncomfortably and expensively, but
fashionably, at the various watering-
places of the North.
But in recent years the movement In
question has been somewhat modified
by the perception of the fact that dis-
tance by no means Invariably lends en-
chantment to the vacation view, and
that It is the height of folly to go a
thousand miles for a summer outing
that can be had on terms much more
favorable within the boundaries of our
own State. For many years-
the claims of Florida as a summer
home were completely eclipsed by the
attractiveness of her winter season,
and it was only the fortunate can't-
get-aways who were in a position to
discover the superior advantages of
their own State as a summer resort.
If the average Northern tourist Is
more firmly convinced Of OleO tilng
than another, It is that the summer
climate of Florida is unendurable, and
that to remain here during July and
August is to invite disease, disaster
and death; and, we regret to say, that
many of our own people have in the
past habitually acted upon a theory
they should have been the first to Ig-
As a matter of fact, the summer da -
mate of Florida has many points of su-
periority over that of the winter
months here. It is, for one thing, less
variable, and though the heat may be
extreme and long-continued, it is much
more endurable than the bake-oven at-
that chemistry had anything to do meant's official reports more or less out
with feeding cattle, or nourishing corn of line during the closing years of an
or cotton. But the agricultural col- intercensal period.
leges are changing all that, and are The census occurs too frequently to
turning out farmers who can give a afford the desired opportunities of cor-
reason for agricultural processes, who reacting or verifying the department's
can tell what kind of food is needed by estimates by the results of an actual
a cow or a stalk of corn; how to fatten farm canvass. This was shown by the
a beef or a field at the least possible census of 1890. While the department's
cost. These colleges are not turning estimate of the combined acreage do-
lkose enough such farmers, but it is voted to corn, wheat, oats and hay in
not the fault of the colleges; but the 1889, the year covered by the census,
number who leave their alma mater differed only 3.1 per cent. from the
for the farm is increasing every year, combined figures of the census, based
and every such farmer becomes a upon an actual farm-to-farm visitation,
teacher, with all his neighbors for pu- the differences in the case of some of
Pils. There has been a wonderful im- these crops, considered separately,
provement in recent years, and there were much more considerable.
is more room. The world must These differences were distinctly
have farm products; consumers are traceable to the faults of the system,
increasing faster than producers, and and notwithstanding that various new
the natural law of supply and demand agencies, including the employment of
will enhance the value of agricultural special traveling agents, have been
products an. the importance of the brought into requisition for the im.
n.an who produces them. The South provement of the department's crop-
is now building factories, and this will reporting system, no surprise need be
remove from the farms those who can felt if it should be disclosed by the
best be spared, for good farmers will census of 1900 that the various fluctu-
not drive spinning mules, nor tie their actions in the production of the princi-
teams with weavers' knots nor hitch pal crops during the 'last ten years
them to weavers' sleighs with weavers' have not always been so accurately re-
harness. Those who leave the farms elected in the reports of the department
for the factories will become con- as to prevent the existence at the close
sumes of farm products and will in- of the decade of a more or less marked
crease the demand more than they de-dierence between the department's
crease the supply. So long as people estimates and the actual acreage and
must have farm products or starve, production as ascertained by the cen-
and so long as consumers increase ass.
more rapidly than producers, so long
and so continually must farming in- Florida as a Summer Resort.
crease in importance. Men educated The time is now rapidly approach-
in agricultural science will find their ing when the usual summer exodus
chief delight in putting their knowl- from Florida will begin; and when the
edge in practice and finding such work irresistible desire to seek out green
interesting, pleasant and profitable, fields and pastures new will seize upon
and, endowed with a degree of personal those of our people whose means are
liberty and independence unknown in on a par with their social ambition.
any other business, they will continue Year after year has this migratory
to farm and attract to the farm others movement of the well-to-do and rest-
who are like-minded.-Texas Farm & less been noted in Florida; and each
Ranch. succeeding summer finds a conaidera-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 313
mosphere of New York and Boston
midsummer. The summer nights
the peninsula are invariably cool, I
the day is rare indeed when the
freshing breath from either the C
or the Atlantic does iot make it
felt here. The terrors of the st
Northern summer, however, are a
ended by an sugh g i.S _ting cirol
stances. The sun's engagement tt
is much too brief not to be made
most of; and from Maine to New
sey-from Long Island to the Lak(
its direct rays pour down upon
parched pastures-the blinding store
es of white sea sands--with an in
erable intensity that sends the un
soned Floridian to cover in what is
rally "hot" haste.
These facts have at last borne th
selves in upon the comprehension
our people, until today the advanta
of Florida as a summer resort
more widely known and more fully
preciated than ever before; and ii
safe to say that more Floridians
this summer put in their vaca
where it will do them the most g
than ever before. As our though
contemporary, the Gainesville k
"The indications are that the
coast resorts of Florida will be n
liberally patronized this year than
before, and we know of no good
sou why this should not be so. On
contrary, there are many reasons I
I'loridians who seek pleasure she
spend their money at home Insteat
going abroad and contributing to
building up of interests hundreds
even thousands of miles distant fl
this State. There is no necessity
going outside of Florida for eil
pleasure or health. At many of
sea coast resort towns there are an
attractions to afford satisfactory en
tainment for all pleasure-seekers.
nually, for years past, the number
visitors to the pleasure resorts of F
ida has increased. Many who h
been accustomed to going North h
discovered that they have lost m
valuable time and unnecessarily
ended a great deal of money,
they have concluded that they
hereafter remain in this State. I
the duty of Floridians, in so far
possible, to spend their money at ho
thereby contributing to the adval
ment of the material interests of
State by aiding those who are s
ing to develop the resources of Flol
by thoir ib&& aUd Moir ealiWi."
In this view of the situation, we n
not say we fully coincide; and, w
those lofty considerations of duty
which the Sun refers are not likelJ
cut any great amount of ice with
summer pleasure-seekers, it is certain
well that all Floridians should tl
oughly acquaint themselves with tl
own domain, and make the most of
unsuspected little beauty spots wl
dot the State from Nassau to the H
bore, and from the banks of the cla
Suwannee to the sea-sprayed sandi
Ormond and our own Pablo.-Tin
Union and Citizen.
Mrs. Sharptongue-i rear my I
band's mind is affected. Is there
Doctor-Tell him you'll never sp
to him again. It he laughs, he's st
-New York Weekly.
When estimating the expense c
farm, never fall to count in the va
of the land.
We believe a young man and a young FOR PROFIT AND PLEASURE
and woman should not marry until she
re- knows how to trim her own hats and
]ulf he is prepared to admit that the baby
self got its snub nose from its father's
tort tolks.-Detroit Journal.
er HEAP COLUMN
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
Jer- one week, 5 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
LAND TO RENT-In South Fla. for what it
the will produce over $100 pr. Acre. Party
tch- must have some money. I. M. DEsPUR
JAMAICA SORREL--(Roselle) plants 2 doz.
leA- 25c, large 20c. doz.; extra large 30c. dos,
lit- mos packed, postpaid. Seed 10c. pack.: 25c.
ounce. E. THOMPSON, Avon, Park,
FOR SALE-A few thousand Carney Parson
of Brown Orange. Marsh Seedless and Wal-
ters Grape Fruit Eye Buds. 95 per thou-
Lges sand. B. L. CARNEY, Lake Weir. Fla. 2
a- FOR SALE-Selected seed velvet beans at $1
per single bushel. Reduction on larger
t is amounts on cars at Candler. W. H. De-
S LONG, Candler, Fla.
tlon JAMAICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25c per dozen. Good sizedplants ready
:ood now. W. S. PRESTON, Anburndale, Flor-
tful ida. 15-tf
n1n, 500 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make
your shliws. WlhU. ..4 BadroMw.. ijks,
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff
sea of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cata-
lore logu and price list free.
'ver 5tf. W. Amaden, Ormond, Fla.
ree- VIJLAA LAKE NUIJ8RW-8
tI Fruitland Park, Lake Co., -
the Otffrs for July planting varieties of I tad
why 3 year citrus buds. For good stock and low
Uld prices, address, C. W. FOX, Prop.
Sf FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
the Grapefruit Trees 4,600 budded. Box 271,
and Orlando, Fla.. 49It
F Or I SALI-A few trios of Buff Plymouth
Rocks; aiso eggs from two vards, not re-
for ated. Mrs. F. R. HASKINS, Mannville, Fla.
our WE HAVE complete list American
Manufacturers. Can buy for you at low-
iple est prices and ship you direct from each.
ter Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
gines, boilers, incubators, windmills, or
An- anything wanted. Correspondence solic-
Sof m Amerin Trades Agency,
lor- Jacksonville, Fla. 6tf
ave OUR VELVET BEAN FULLER Is in
ave Arrangements are perfected for doing
uch your work promptly; our capaty be-
ing twenty bushels an hour. Get your
ex- beans in early and we will store them
for you free of charge. Our charge for
and hulling is but 15c. a bushel for the beans
will after they are hulled, 60 pounds to the
bushel.-E. 0. PAINTER & CO., DE-
t 18 LAND, FLA. Stf.
as THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
SFruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
me, 138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
the FOR SALE--100 cash. Eight acres of
eek- high pine land near DeLand Junction; 5
acres cleared, three acres of which are
rida in grove, the balance of the tract is in
timsber- 'Bmc.ll houle *a, a wall ni thr
place. Atlilres7, T. M. H., iloar ArI'Ieui-
,eed tourist, DeLand, Fla. Ity
to THE U. S. LIVIi STOCK REMEDY has prov
ed most efficient in preventing and curing
to Hog and Chicken Cholera and kindred dis-
reases. It is also a fine condition powder.
our Sales are increasing. If your dealer don't
nly kep it we will mail it to yo on receipt of
price, 25c per Ilb. Liberal discount to deal-
ho0r- ers. ISAAC MORGAN. Agent. Kssiimmee
heir Ple. lztr
itch DO VKEE BEES
ills- YOU A DEIJi
s of No matter-my 64-page Bee Book
s Tel l s 9Io--1. .
Itwill interest and please you. I know it
will. It's free. Write today-the honey sea-
son's coming. J. 1 Jenkns, Wetampi.,
eak AND SIMPLE
me. BARBED WIRE
P NCbE UILER.
if a V. SCHMELZ,
ilue SylvanLake, Fla
"Certificate Am. Inst. Fair."
Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultry.
HIOIB8T QUALITY. LOWEST PRIOBL.
Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,
Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
All the Standard Varieties of Orange, Lemon i 1 Grape Fruits in
stock. Also a complete assortment of the best varieties of Peaches, Plums.
Japan Persimmons, Pears, Apples, Mulberries, Figs, Pecans, Grapes, Or-
namental trees, hoes, etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
The most extensive propagting establishment in the Lower South.
Largest and most complete catalogue published in the South, listing a
complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon applica-
THE GRIFFIN BROS. CO., A"0"S0:.
City Ofce and Grounds, 114 Main St.
Farmers' Attention .1-
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies
Poultry Netting Ar"WIT u 0 Ceoumbia Bicycles
CHARTER OAK STOVES,
CARRARA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PUMPS
WRITE FOR PRICES.
GEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
SAVANNAH H LINE"
PART RAIL, PART SEA.
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
FROM . .
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK,
BOSTON AND"' EAST.
SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Thence via Ship, sailings from Savannah, Four Ships each week to New York and Two
to Boston. All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write
for general information, sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
E. H. HINTON, Trafe Mgr., WALTER HBAWK1Ns, Gen. Ag.,
Savannah, Ga. 224 W. Bay St., Jacksonville. Pla
SPECIAL UNTIL JULY 1, 1900.
10 C Ci
To reduce our enormous stock of pot-grown plants, consisting of
about half-a-million Tropical and Semi-Tropisal Fruit trees, Bcono-
mical, Medicinal, and Useful Plants and trees, Bamboos, Conifers,
Palms and Cyeads, Ferns. Miscellaneous ornamental vines, creepers,
shrubs, and flowering plants, we will until JULY FIRST offer any
and all at a cash discount of 33 1-3 per cent fom uur list prices
when order amounts to $1.00 and over, by express or freight;if plants
are wanted by mail, a discount of 20 per cent only will be allowed.
We .ansv a. lagts ..aff 5l salA 11 ,,at2 Mk iW;;A P=22598 a naa .ai .
star-apples, cherimovas, loquats, camphor, etc., etc., all healthy and
free from insects. On Citrus stock we can only allow usual discount
of 20 per cent., when order amounts to $5.00 or over. Send for ele-
gant catalogue, most complete mpblished in the South (free) and get
some bargains. RBASONER BROS., Oneco, Florida.
$14 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Address all communications to the
Household Department, Agriculturist,
AE ILPFUL ZtlK.
A Some Dsem itfrlc.
Many of the prepared lotions and
soaps purchased from the druggists for
cleaning the teeth are positively inju-
rious, and their use should be avoided.
An excellent, simple dentifrice can be
made at a very small cost by every
woman who wishes to keep her teeth
In good condition. In consists of equal
parts of pulverized charcoal and pow-
dered borax, scented with two or three
drops of oil of cloves. Another prep-
aration, of powdered borax and orris
root, will not only be found to clean
the teeth and mouth chemically, but
will correct acidity of the stomach and
sweeten the breath. A simple wash of
salt and water will harden the gums,
but should not be used too frequently.
As a rule, dear cold water should be
used for regular brushing the teeth,
and the cleaning preparations and lo-
t.ona applied two or three times a
weel.- Elisa P. Parker in Texas Far-
Ironing Shirt 'Wait.
When roning a colored waists, either
of silk or cotton fabric, one should not
me too hot an iron, and yet It must
be hot enough to iron smoothly, with-
out blistering or sticking to the starch.
An orcrhoitomd 101 iAjfMI brigt C01
or as much as do hot water and poor
soap. In Ironing a silk waist, place a
piece of cheese cloth over the garment
end iron as an ordinary article. By
doing this the natural appearance of
the silk is preserved, and this would be
in possible if the iron were brought in
direct contact with IL-Fannie Malin,
in the March Woman's Home Com-
If you are buying a carpet for a room
that is used constantly, select a small
pattern in subdued colors. It will show
the dirt less than carpets of other
kinds, harmonize with any kind of fur-
niture, and if it fades a little it will
scarcely be noticeable. Brussels and
Moquette carpets should be swept with
the grain instead of against it. Damp-
en bits of paper, roll them between the
hands until they form little balls and
scatter it over the rooms before sweep-
ing, which will assist in gathering up
the dust and make the carpet brighter.
Or dip the broom in water, then shake
it to remove part of it and sweep, dip-
ping occasionally when needed. If the
water becomes dirty change it two or
three times during the sweeping.
A carpet usually becomes soiled in
spots after using awhile and the rest
of the carpet is comparatively clean,
Prepare a suds of warm water and
pearline and scrub the soiled part with
it, asng a ~ommon ecrnb brush. Rinse
with clean warm water and wipe It
dry. The work should be done quickly
so the carpet will not be wet through.
Do not use the room for a few hours,
urtil the carpet is dry.
Matting is an excelcnt 1661 ~6Y76g1
for summer. It is cheap, and if a close-
ly woven piece is chosen, is durable. It
is cool and easily kept clean. Wiping
it with a soft cloth wrung from warm
water every two or tree weeks is all
that is neeeary. Nothing looks bet-
ter than a floor covered with matting
eud a few pretty rugs scattered about.
E. J. C.
The Useful Black Waist.
Mercerised good are enjoying a well-
deserved popularity. Not only the
woolene and oxponsivu figured cotton
called foulardines but the plain colors,
and notably black, which is so popu-
lar this season for waists and shirt-
This last is much used for the busi-
ness waist of severer pattern to the
daintitr one elaborately tucked and
garnished with lace and ribbon, the
yellow laces look especially well on the
dead luster of the goods and makes
very effective results.
Side by side with black mercerised
cotton waists stands the black henri-
etta, lansdown, grenadine, and mohair
or alpaca waist, all of which will be
popular this year. They are useful for
mourning and appreciated by those not
In mourning who have a prejudice
against being "always in the wash
tub;" and since these are so stylish,
we find many an old skirt being trans-
formed into a useful waist. All wear
well, but the mohair is an especial fa-
vorite because oi its slight wiriiio6,
which makes it impossible to crush it
out of shape.
Perhaps some of the readers of this
column have an old brilliantine or al-
paca skirt that could be made into a
very nice waist. Let me tell you how
to do it: First, rip it up and dip it in-
to a font black h nWaWha g e| palnond
Dyes, for it will be sure to look some-
what rusty after laying so long a time.
Rinse it well after it comes from the
dye-settle and iron it upon the wrong
side when it is partially dry, then is
ready for the pattern. One of the pret-
tiest ways of making this wiry goods
is to tuck the fronts and back in small
fne tucks from neck to waist, not
prc lai5 Ujfl iS iugs flat, only en-
ough to smooth out the wrong side and
correct any twisting that may have oc-
curred while stitching.
The tucks are smooth on the should-
ers and down the bust; no extra full-
ness being allowed, but the slight full-
neso at the bottom of waist is easily
adjusted by the belt
The smartest finish for the sleeve is
the horizontal tucking, forming the en-
tire sleeve, but this is not desirable for
very stout women, a cluster here and
there in chevron style being a little less
The sleeves are close from elbow to
wrist and edged with a small flaring
cuff, unstiffened by muslin or duck.
The neck is finished with a plain band
with buttonholes for linen collar, or
ribbon scarfs, and has also a tucked
and stiffened choker made adjustable,
tto choker coming to modified points
at the back of the ears.
A waist of gray alpaca that years
ago was so fashionable as the best
summer gown or wedding gown, is a
marvel of daintiness finished in this
way aiid Ititeliod WItB Whit silk inz
stead of gray.
Some of the black waists are stitch-
ed with white, and a white ribbon is
worn about the neck. The principal
virtue of a waist of mohair, alpaca or
brilliantine, lies in its power to sl0ea
dust of all kinds and its durability.
A. B. W.
Care of the Blanktsa.
Do not fold away the blankets that t
have been used during the winter sim-
ply because they do not look soiled.
A moment's thought will at once
convince us that the little wool fibres
catch and hold much that comes within
its reach, and much that arises from
chamber air is impure. For this rea-
son the old-famtiage met ho of airing
and sunning them Is entirely insufl-
cient, simply a makeshift.
Nothing but good suds will cleanse
them good enough to pack away for
the summer. Some advocate washing
one blanket every week with the regu-
lar washing until all a finished, but
to my mind it is better to make one
day of it, selecting a fair day and using
We find that pearline helps much in
washing blankets. We make the suds
as per directions on the package, and
allow the blankets to soak an hour or
so. This loosens the dirt and does
away with all the hard rubbing. The
blankets can be squeezed through the
hr nds or rubbed gently upon a board,
then put through plenty of clear rinse
viater, (blued water leaves a grimes
I ok), wring as dry as possible and pull
well to prevent from shrinking, and af-
ter drying (repeating the pulling pro-
conB 6Ai 6p1 twe) a earorul obserrvr
will never think of the old saying that
it "tears blankets to pieces to wash
Indeed it is the only hygienic, safe
way to care for them, as each spring
comes round and the increased heat
makes it necessary to pack them away
for the summer. It Is the careless
hand that injures them, whether rrom
exhaustive rubbing on a board, from
coarse rosin soaps or from failing to
shake and pull them which last over-
sight shrinks and hardens them beyond
Many do not Iron blankets, but a lit-
tle pressing not only makes them look
better but brings them into smaller
COanmMae S a gg JJ2m when one'"
moth proof store room ts limited.
Treatment for Colds.
A distinguished physician, who has
practiced medicine for fifty years gives
the following rule for treating a cold
A hot capsicum foot-bath, tempera-
ture 111 degrees, for ten minutes heat
up twice during the time. For this
bath add to the water one teaspoonful
of capsicum made as follows: Steep
for fifteen minutes one quarter of a
pound of red pepper in one quart of
vinegar, and bottle. The good house-
keeper who wishes to be ready for ev-
ery emergency should be sure to have a
bottle of capsicum on her pantry shelf.
Before the foot-bath wet the head
and face with cold water, ana at the
close of the bath rub from the knees
down with cold water, and dry thor.
roughly. When the patient is comfort-
ably in bed spread four pieces of heavy
brown paper eight by ten inches with
mustard and water stirred to the con-
sistency of molasses. Cover these plas-
ters with cheeJiccl6t, a L l apply EfE n
teen minutes, or until they burn warm-
ly upon the chest, abdomen, back,
arms, forearms, thighs and legs. This
Is to prevent congestion, by starting an
even ciroulation over the entire body.
For the chilly feeling that comes on
with a cold, one teaspoonful of the fol-
clwing stimular in a glassful of hot
water. Aqua ammonia, one dram;
pure glycerin, three ounces; fluid ex-
:ract of zingllberis, one ounce. For a
cold in the head a good remedy is to
snuff menthol and vaseline mixed in an
ointment after the following formula:
Crystals of pure menthol, two drams;
white vaseline, four ounces.
A good treatment of catarrh is first
to snuff a little milk which
has been adds a teaspoonful of
the saturate solution or the chlo-
rate of potash, and afterwards
put a little of this ointment, about the
size of a pea, up each nostril It clears
the head like magic.
Colds are often brought on by shut-
ting one's i lf up in close, llly venti-
lated rooms, by eating indigestible
food, by getting over tired, by taking
intoxicants, by anything, in fact, which
leavesthe blood in a low anaemic state
so that it is unable to resist disease.
Ounce preventive are good warm
clothing, nourishing food, temperance
in everything, and plenty of exercise in
the fresh, outdoor air, which sends oxy-
genized blood tingling all over the
body. And we must not forget to take
Needed rest; even the tongue needs
rest occasionally, and sometimes we
sadly need rest from the ceaseless clat-
ter of somebody else's tongue. A fee-
ble person has been known to be taken
wlth pfivUemala and lie simply he-
cause a heedless caller talked too much
by a half hour.-Farm & Fireside.
rgaautr 8divia rlyi etoain shrdlu cmw
Ham Toast.-To scraps of cold ham
-boiled being the best--chopped fine,
soa a little fladn chopped 6W gfWtW
onion, a pinch of sage, pepper and salt
to taste. Turn into skillet with hot wa-
ter enough to make rather thin, let
boil 10 or 15 minutes, dip a slice of
bread into hot salted milk or water,
lay in dish butter, turn on meat
and repeat until the dish is full or the
required amount is prepared. Beef
toast can be made in the same way by
using left-overs of beef in place O1 me
ham and using some of the stock in
which it was boiled, or by adding but-
ter to the water in which it is to be
Mock. Mince Ples.-Five crackers
powdered fine, add one cup hot water,
one cup sugar, one cup molasses, one-
half cup vinegar or boiled cider (or
part of each one), one and one-half
cups chopped raisins, two well-beaten
eggs. Stir all together and spice to
t ste the same as any mince meat. This
will make a large pie. You can use
frozen eggs by chopping the yolks with
raisins. For the crust take three cups
sifted flour, one level teaspoonful salt,
three-fourths cup lard, three-fourths
cup cold water, with about one-fourth
teaspoon baking powder.
Cottage Pudding.-One-half cup au-
gar, one egg, two tablespoons butter,
oue-half cup sweet milk, two teaspoons
baking powder, one pint flour. Bake as
cake. Dressing for same: One-fourth
cup sugar, one tablespoon butter, two
tablespoons corn starch, one pint boil-
Ing water. cLt boll, add two teaEgeon"
ground cinnamon to the dressing.
Devil's Food.-One cup milk, one
cup dark brown sugar, one cup grated
cl.ocolate, put in a saucepan, bring to
Loll and then cool. Add to this one
cUp dark Drown sugar, one-half cup
butter, yolks nine eggs, two and one-
half cups flour with one teaspoon soda
sifted four times, one teaspoonful va-
iilla. Bake in three layers. Put to-
gother with boiled icing.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 15
Address all communications to Poul-
Uy Department, Box 200, DeLand, Fla.
SCauses for Unm esofual Hatching.
When eggs are being incubated there
will always be some that will not
hatch. If eggs fall undei a hen it
seems to be accepted, but if an incuba-
tor is used the cause is demanded.
Chicks die under hens as well as In
incubators. Put ten eggs under a hen
and at least two (on an average) will
fall to hatch, the chicks dying in the
shells. This seems but a slight loss
and it is not noticed, but in an incu-
bator it is twenty chicks in every hun-
lied eggs. Bear in mind that no two
chicks are alike. When some of the
eggs hatch it proves that the condit-
ions, so far as the incubator or hen is
concerned, were correct, for unless so
none of the eggs could possibly hatch
at all (those not hatching being infer-
ior to the others or lacking in some es-
sential requisite to success. Why the
eggs may not hatch and the chicks die
In the shells must be sought for where
the cause cannot DO easily algoverea.
'I he hens that laid the eggs may be too
fat (which causes weak chicks or
none), the males may be too young, the
eggs may be from hens that may be
diseased. The difficulty is not with the
Incubator or hens, but with the eggs.
The eggs used may be from many dif-
tcreat hoenB and indeed it will be a ur-
prise if one could succeed in securing
a full hatch when there are so many
parents to the eggs and so many condi-
tions that are unknown which must be
r-et.-Farm and Fireside.
The Lcghorne belong to the Mediter-
ranean class of fowls, and are non-sit-
ters, consequently the chicks must be
hatched under hens of some other
breed. Though small in size they lay
fairly large eggs, sometimes fully as
large as eggs of the Brahmas, and the
eggs are white in color, without any
variation of shade. The young chicks
are active and hardy, but they feather
rapidly, and must therefore be fed of-
ten. They also mature early, the little
cockerels sometimes beginning to crow
when only seven weeks old and the
punleta have been known to lay when
but a few days over the age of four
The "'fdgety" Hen.
Writers are constantly telling us
What Ife bWt t9 f ,d y9ung obicks,
Most everything from the filthiest slop
to the daintiest pie, has been recom-
ntended as just the thing for young
chicks, but I have never yet known a
writer to recommend food of any kind
for the hen that hatches the chicks. A
good hen will never leave the nest from
the time the first egg is pipped till the
last one is hatched, and it seems that
people generally, have overlooked the
fact that she is liable to get hungry
and thirsty during that time.
We hear a great deal about the
"fidgety" hen that refuses to sit down
end hover the chicks. Now, of course,
there are some hens that won't keep
oulet under any circumstances, but ob-
servation teaches us that in nine cases
out of ten this restless disposition is
caused by hunger. You poultry keepers
who have been giving the old hen such
a hard name, just try doing without
anything to eat or drink for two or
three days and nights and I think
you'll become fidgety too.
The sensible, profitable and humane
vay to ao is to reed and water the hen
regularly while the chicks are hatch-
ing. Don't take her off the nest to
feed her. Just put some corn and
water near the nest where she can
reach it easily. Put the corn In a dish
or something so it will not get watered.
Of couruu, tho hon must be shut up
where other fowls cannot molest her
and eat her food.
After the hen comes off with the
chicks continue to feed her well and
she will be quiet and motherly and
never cripple her chicks in a scramble
for food as the starved hens do.-Farm
The Poultry Yard.
A score of years ago the Light
Lrahmas were the best known of all
lure bred fowls, but in recent years
they have rather lost in popularity, as
compared with some of the new arriv-
als, says Farm & Home. No breed is
Letter for producing a large amount of
excellent quality market poultry, and
rcne lays larger and nicer-looking eggs.
For winter laying the oreed has always
L en famous. Perhaps the only reason
tliat has injured their popularity has
been the fact that large, fine-looking
eL.gs often bring no more in the market
ttan those of average size and color,
while it costs more to produce the
Light Brahma eggs on account of the
kire c ine and vioErous aDltitlt of the
frwls. The eggs average seven to the
pound, or a rich brown color and excel-
lent in flavor.
They do not mature so early as the
Rocks and Wyandots, but reach a
heavier weight and are very hardy.
They are good sitters and fairly good
mothers, being less clumsy than the
Cochins. Some growers favor the Light
Brahma is of rather lighter build and
pose they must be killed when young,
before they begin to get long-legged
and bony. For egg laying, the medium
sized strains are to be preferred, while
for poultry or exhibition purposes the
large, heavy-bodied strains are satis-
factory. The typical American Light
Rharma is of rather lighter build and
less abundant leg feathering than the
Breeds for Broilers
To produce the largest ana plumpest
trollers in the shortest time one should
select certain hens front which to pro-
cure eggs for that purpose. A chick
trom a Plymouth Rock cock and large
Asiatic hen will not only make a su-
ierD DroIIPr, Dut it will wigi n alf a
pound more at ten weeks old than will
the chicks bred without regard to
whatever breed or cross they may be.
As a dozen hens will lay a large num-
ber of eggs it will not be a difficult mat-
ter to keep that number apart from the
others, and it will pay to do so if first-
class chicks are desired.-Ex.
To build barbed wire fence, you
need the Fence Builder advertised in
this paper by V. Schmelz, Sylvan
Lake, Florida. You save the cost
of it in one day's use. For unreeling
wire without carrying the spool and
stretching, and for reeling wire quick-
ly and easily. One man does the work
of four by the old method. It will last
a life-time. It stretches wire beyond
the last post and pushes the post
against brace. Adjustable to any po-
sition. Weight only 30 pounds. Send
Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gaines-
ville to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special inducements to pur-
chasers of Seed Oats, Seed Potatoes, Velvet Beans, etc.
ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE SEED
READY FOR DELIVERY.
Address all orders and inquiries to
P. F. WILSON, Jacksonville, Florida.
MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
Flor a To make close connec-
Florida tions with steamers leave
New York Jckonville (Union de-
( pot) Thursdays :20 a. m.,
Phila- F. C. & P. By.)or Fernan-
dina l:'0p. m., via Cbm-
1delphia & belad bteame meals
Sen xoute, or "all rail" via
Boston Plant System at :45 p. m..
ont. 9 15 mc.li ll!5 lp. m.,
_a sencers on arrival go-
-crom Brunswick direct to Ing drctly aboard team
New York. er.
BOIPOEBD 8AILING8 for Meh. 1900.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWIC GA., DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY AS FOLLOWS:
S. S. RIO GRANDE ............. ...... .. ..... ..Friday, March 9.
S. S. COLORADo ..................................Friday, March 16.
RIO GRANDE..... ........ ............ .. ......Friday, March 23.
8 -S COLORADO .......... ....... ............. .P.rridayf MPri4
SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO BRUNSWICK, STEAMERS LEAVE PIER a
*I X. IR., EVERY FRIDAY, 3:00 P. M.
For general information, steamers, trains, rates, etc., apply to
BASIL GILL, lsay Street. Jacksonville, Fla.
H. H. Raymond, General Southern Agent, Brunswick, Ga.,
C. H. Mallory & Co.. general Agents, Pier iOE. R. and 3i Broadway, N. Y.
TH AMRCNA ,
ilMS~ala C m s-rnlJ
Kffi- -yssiw ^^^^S
Bet Co:gh s"rU. Good us
In time. A byd
TmkL. H Coal. CLI
as9 a. Charile st
J A 3kazil-3143M 3
816 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
NATURES' FIRST LAW.
June in the Blue Ridge mountains
means spring time, when the tender
leaves are growing greener and the
mosses softer every day.
Miss Pauline St. John, philanthropist,
from the big distant city, was paying
a long promised visit to her brother,
Doctor Robert St. John, and this lovely
June morning found them driving
along a narrow valley with towering
peaks all around them. Miss St. John
gased around her in wonder and admir-
"Rob, you don't know how restful it
is to me to feel that I am so far away
from the miserable poverty that I dal-
ly encounter at home. Here, among
the gray boulders and solemn pines,
are no wan, hungry faces to make my
'Where Ignorance is bliss,' an-
swered her brother with a sardonic
She looked alifhtly Duzzled-'nd was
about to question him when a turn In
the road disclosed new beauties to her
"Oh, Bob, do pause and let me look!"
A little distance away on the steep
mountain side, almost buried in ivy
and laurel bheile, was a tiny log cabin
with green moss on its sunken clap-
boarded roof and dull red clay daub-
ing between the logs.
"How picturesque!" she murmured
ecstatically, as a slouching figure em-
erged from the doorway.
"Yes," growled the doctor, "be is pic-
turesquely dirty and ragged, and has
not combed his head this year, and nev-
er shaved in his life. But that is noth-
ing compared wit% his general shift-
ltssaes and total lack of manly prin-
The man hurried to the roadside
where a few rails and a rotten post did
duty as a fence, and with downcast
eyes and nervous movements addressed
"Do, I'd like mightily ter git yo' ter
step by their house and see other baby.
Hit's mighty sick."
"I think I told you some time ago
that I could no longer afford to work
for you for nothing," answered the doc-
tor, frowning on him.
Pauline gasped painfully while the
man, rolling his shifty eyes anywhere
but In the doctor's direction, replied.-
"Yo' knows how hard run I allus air,
an' hit do seem like no money don't
never come inter my pocket"
"I have never asked you for money,
Sam Jeetl," said the doctor indignant-
ly. "You owe me over a hundred dol-
lars and yet I cannot get you to do a
day's work for me. So, on my part,
I must decline your practice. I cannot
afford to work for nothing."
"Hit sho' stumicks me, doe, ter low
thet hits Jes' es yo' say. But some-
Low er nurther hit allus happens thet
I wea erbleeged ter go ter mill er sum'-
ers else ev'rytime you's called on me.
But I sorely will wuk fer yu' some
next week. There baby's powerful
slek," he added with a furtive glance
at the doctor, "an' I'd be more'n glad
of you' step by."
Here they were Joined by Mrs. Jestis,
who, like her husband, was dirty, rag-
ged and uncouth. But she differed
from him in that she neither cowered
nor should as she nodded familiarly
to the occupants of the buggy.
"Lor'" she exclaimed. "Hit do look
hard and not fair, neither, fer yo' uns
lei be a livin' up thar in a fine house,
with plenty an' ter spar', while we uns
a livin' 'most in sight is so po're an'
lard run. we can't even afford ter pay
yer ter step in an' see their baby. Pore
little creetur, hit's mighty nigh a chok-
in' to death. 'Tain't right," she con-
tinued with set lips. "fer some people
ter be so well off an' others so pore.
Things had orter be more ekull in this
"There Is another side of the question
which you fail to consider," remonstra-
ted the doctor. "If you would show
even a wish to pay even your just
debts, I could be patient Last week,
when my wife was sick, Mrs. Jestis.
she sent for you to help with the
"I sho' wuz sorry I couldn't go thet
day," answered Mrs. Jestis, dropping
her eyes in confusion; "but I sho' will
go nex' time, no matter what I leave
undone et home."
Dr. St. John snarled impatiently, but
Mrs. JOctls, not feeding It, went on.
"Sam, hol' their critter while their
dtoc steps by. Sary Ann's nigh a chok-
iu' ter death, an' I know yo'll not be-
grudge their pinch ov medicine thet
hit'll take. We uns haint much fer
cash, I know, but our patrunej an' in-
fluence is wuth something-- "
"Thunderation!" shouted the exasper-
ated doctor, and touching his horse
with .his whip, lie abruptly left his
Miss Pauline sat silently striving to
keep back the tears as she thought of
the poor sick baby, and wondered that
her brother had grown so callous.
"You think me hard hearted," he
said at length, "but self preservation
ig Uptr'e' firet law. Every hog path
that branches from this road leads to
the homes of just such families. They
are idle, shiftless, and utterly destitute
of honor and gratitude. If I would re-
spond to all their demands I might
work myself to death and starve my
family. I am sorry for the children,
sometimes sorry for the women, but
when a whole family, from the head
down, are too lazy to earn a meal till
hunger drives them to it, who Should
suffer, they or I?"
"The county- began Pauline.
"Won't help able-bodied men and wo-
"And there are no free dispensaries,
not even an aid society in these wilds,
"None, and we have no use for them.
These people can live well if they
would. But they haven't the energy ev-
en to raise corn enough for their winter
supply of liquor, though that is of far
more importance to them than is bread
tor their children."
Miss Pauline was too much shocked
for words, and they drove home in si-
lence. But she could not forget the
sick baby, and soon, unknown to her
brother, she made her way to the Jes-
"I've come to see the sick baby,'" she
Faid to Mrs. Jestis, who met her at the
With a great show of deference Mrs.
Jt stis conducted her to the trundle bed
whereupon lay the sick child. It was
gasping painfully for breath, and has-
tily taking it up, Miss Pauline said as
she gave her purse to Sam,-
"Go for the doctor, quick!"
In a few minutes Doctor St. John
beside the couch, recognized the mal-
ady as tonsilitis. The mother and eight
sle THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
children stood by, screaming, while
Miss Pauline held the baby for her
b other to lance its throat. Boon the
little sufferer, much relieved, fell
"Did you give Sam money?" asked
the doctor, as they sat together beside
"Two dollars was all I had with me,
mind I gave it to him."
The doctor smiled compassionately.
"He offered me a quarter and swore
it was all he had. Come, let us go home.
The child will do well enough now, and
we are not needed to drive away the
Pauline stepped softly to the door of
llte adjoining shed to call Mrs. Jestis.
The woman was Denaing over her hus-
brnd, who lay helplessly drunk on the
floor. Straightening herself, Mrs. Jes-
tis called out to the tow-heads standing
"Thar's over a dollar's wuth uv lick-
er hid sum'ers 'round here. Find it ter
With a whoop the children rushed
from the room.
"The baby is so much better now,
Mrs. Jestis," said Pauline, "that we
will leave it to your care. Keep off the
flies, or she will fret herself into a fe-
"I wish you'd stay longer," answered
tht woman, turning reluctantly from
the doof. "Them chillun'll was'e thet
licker less'n I'm right arter 'em. Ther
i'ies don't bother her fer common," she
went on irritably as she took the fan
from the doctor. "S'pose now," she
(c ntinued in a wheedling tone, "I wuz
tei sen' up ter borry meal enough fer
The doctor interrupted her by say-
"Mrs. Jestis, if you will give me the
jug of whiskey, when it is found, I will
let you have the worth of its contents
in bread and meat. Otherwise you need
not send to my house for anything."
"I reckin," phe snarled, "es I've got
naburs es'll len' bread ter my hongry
chillun 'thout eny sech s'cority."
"What does Pauline think now of her
hard-hearted brother?" asked Doctor
St. John, as they walked slowly home-
"in your place, I would leave these
mountains tomorrow," she answered.-
Dwarf Lima Beans all Summer.
Don't fail to plant some, I will tell
you how I planted mine last season,
and I did not fail either.
I planted possibly about an eighth of
an acre and had them in abundance all
summer and fall to use green and sav-
ed about a bushel of dry ones, and
many went to waste besides. As to
planting I don't know that I can do any
better than to tell how I planted mine.
I planted them about the middle of
April-later will do-so there is time
yet for planting.
Now, for the mode of planting. I
first plowed the ground deeply, har-
rowed it thoroughly, then took a bull-
tcngue and run it as deeply as possible,
in furrows about two and one-half feet
apart, making a good, deep furrow to
plant in. Then, as I had only the
least mite of fertilizer, I took some well
decomposed muck of a good quality
that I had decomposed with lime. This
I strewed at the bottom of the furrow.
I also sprinkled a little of the ashes I
had saved while burning oak wood.
Next I dropped beans, 3 in a place, 18
Wants Others to Know.
MRS. SUSAN H. EDMANDS, OF NEW-
BURYPORT, MAKES STATEMENT.
Althwgh leIht Ye OU ol She s
kxselemt Healt, 'amnks to Dr. Wil.
ILtem Pink Pll fe r Pale People.
Those who know Mrs. Susan H. Edmands,
oe 37 Broad Street, Newburyport, Mam.,
know her to be a genial lady and a charm-
ing companion notwithstanding the eighty
years which she bears very lightly. Not
long ago Mrs. Edmands suffered severely
from rheumatism but was cured and now
wants others to know of the remedy which
brought her the long sought for relief.
When recently interviewed Mrs. EL
mead : said:
Mrs.& afn Jdmandr
"A ear o last February I was tak
with rheuatim. My hands swelled sad I
suffered from soreness in the)oints of my
arm sand limbs. At my age this w quite
serious matter and I employed two doctor
bWt they did not ure me.
"One day my son found a little book at
the door which contained a statement by a
minister who formerly preached here ad
was known to be a man of great truth anad
honest. Over his signature he stated that
he had been poured of rheumatism by Dr.
William' Pink Pills for Pale People. I
told my doctor if he wa willing I would
try the pills myself. The minister whose
statement I had read was known to the doctor
and the latter did not object, s I tried the
"I son began to see an improvement.
The swelling went down and there was Im
arnm. I continued taking the Dil. a
all seven boxes, and was ent y c I
I am ever troubled with the rheumatic
agin I shall surely take Dr. William'
Pink Pills for Pale People ad advise other
to do so who are affected with this disease."
Signed SUSAN H. EDMxA. e.
All the elements neessary to give new life
and richnesstothe blood and restore shatter-
ed nerves are contained in Dr. Williams'
Pink Pill for Pale People. Theyaresoldin
boxes (never in loose form, by the down or
hundred) at 50 cents a box, or six boxes for
2.0, and may be had of all druggists or
directly by mal from Dr. Williams Medi-
sine Co., Schenectady N.Y.
inches apart, then covered with the
hoe, filling up the furrow not quite
By leaving a hollow, it helped to
catch what little rain came for the next
six weeks and conveyed it directly to
the roots. Then, after a rain, I fin-
ished filling in the surrow, keeping all
the weeds from between the rows and
the ground loose. This carried them
through the rainy season. Before the
first rush of beans was over, I gave
them a mere sprinkle of commercial
fertiliztr and worked it in well. They
soon started up and set on a new crop,
and continued to do so until November.
Ihen wanting the ground, I plowed
them down, and I had a fine lot of to-
matoes on the same ground with al-
most no fertilizer; that is, commercial
fertilizer, though I used some palmetto
ashes that I burned on purpose.-B. M.
Hampton in T.-U. & C.
A GRAVE ERROR.
"Did you ever make a serious mis-
take in a prescription?"
"Never but once," answered the drug
clerk as a gloomy look passed over his
f.'ce. I charged a man 30 cents for a
prescription Instead of 35."--Washing-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. my
PZH AND bCIi80OB.
An Egyptian paper announces that
"first-class, up-to-date, modern dining
cars" are to be run this season between
Cairo and Luxor and that "an Ameri-
can dentist has started in business at
Assouan, which is on the edge of the
Sudan." A "palace hotel" at Khartum
for the special accommodation of tour-
ists will also be completed and opened
for business in about three months.
After an experience of twelve weeks
as a bank clerk at $6 a week, Honore
I'almer, son of Potter Palmer, has de-
cided that he needs a rest among the
Berkshire hills. Worn by the daily
routine duty, with eyesight impaired
and with an unbroken prospect of hard
labor ahead, the young man left the
bank and is said to le rapidly recov-
ering. For recreation the millionaire's
weary son has not left the country, but
has gone to visit Livingston Cutting at
Fittsfield, Mass., abandoning his efforts
to learn a bank president's business.
An Australian farmer has brought
fifty cows from his country to Manila,
and, although the cost of transporting
them was twice their value in Austra-
lia, he is making a good thing out of
them. He gets 50 cents a quart for the
nilk, and cannot supply the demand.
The first reserve United States hospital
pays him two thousand dollars in gold
a month for milk. The cows are the
frst cattle in the Philippines, aside
from the native water buffalo.
It requires skilled labor to turn out
a billiard bail. One-half of it is first
turned, an instrument of the finest
steel being used for the work. Then
the half-turned ball Is hung up in a
net'and is allowed to remain there for
nearly a year to dry. Next the second
half is turned, and then comes the pol-
ishing. Whiting and water and a good
deal of rubbing are requisite for this.
It is necessary in the end that the ball
shall, to the veriest fraction of a grain,
be of a certain weight.
Two hundred negroes at Havana,
have signed a long petition, which they
intend to present to Acting Mayor Es-
trada Mora, urging him to abolish the
tango custom, which is a sort of a tom-
tom dance indulged in by the lower
classes of the black race. The peti-
tioners declare that the dance is a relic
of slavery and is degrading to the ne-
gro race. There is nothing immoral
connected with the custom, but it is
distinctly of a savage character. The
aspiring leaders of the negroes think
their people should be taught to look
to a higher plane of amusement.
That California girl who has inher-
ited $13,000,000 says the possession of
so much money makes her unhappy.
The Chicago Times-Herald suggests in
a spirit of philanthropy that she might
put in the coming season at some fash-
ionable summer hotel and see how she
would feel after that experience.
The present German Emperor, when
a small boy attended the wedding of
the Prince and Princess of Wales. He
was under the charge of his two uncles,
the Duke of Edinburgh and the Duke
of Connaught. As may be expected,
young William fidgeted sadly, and con-
sequently received an occasional warn-
ing tap on the shoulder. But how he
did revenge himself! His uncles were the whole winter. There should be
in Highland dress, and the future em-
peror slyly knelt down and bit into
their bare legs with great earnestness.
In a Mexican theater women always
go bareheaded and the men wear their
hats all the time the curtain Is closed.
During the performance they remove
them. Frequently men rise in their
seats and sweep the tiers of boxes with
large glasses. It is considered some-
thing of an honor to have the glasses
of a swell below leveled at your box.
Smoking is permitted at all theaters.-
The word candidate is from the La-
tin candidates. Literally it means
white-robed, and it was thus called be-
cause in Rome those who sought office
wore a glittering white toga. Fancy, if
you can, all our modern Americans
dressed in acordance with their politi-
cal ambitions. In some sections there
would be no such thing as a dark suit
of clothes; Washington would simply
be one shining center of universal
whiteness.-From the Saturday Even-
A laboring man with his United
States rate of wages and the British
price of provisions a few hundred
years ago would be able to live like a
fighting cock. In the time of Henry
I. wheat for food for 100 men for one
day was worth only 25 cents, while the
'cost of sheep was 8 cents. Two pullets
were worth 3 cents; a partridge, or two
woodcocks, cost 3 cents; a fat lamb, 12
cents from Christmas "to Shrovetide,
and the rest of the year 8 cents. Par-
liament fixed the price of provisions in
1313 as follows: $12 for a fat ox; if
fed with corn, $17.50; a short sheep,
$1.25; two dozen eggs, 6 cents. Later
on milk sold at three pints for a cent.
Beef and pork were worth a cent a
Old age as it comes in the orderly
process of Nature .is a beautiful and
majestic thing. The very shadow of
eclipse which threatens it, makes it the
wore prized. It stands for experience,
knowledge, wisdom and counsel. That
ie old age as it should be. But old age
as it often is means nothing but a
second childhood of mind and body.
What makes the difference? Very
largely the care of the stomach. In
youth and the full strength of man-
hood it doesn't seem to matter how we
treat the stomach. We abuse it, over-
work it, injure it. We don't suffer
from it much. But when age comes
the stomach is worn out. It can't pre-
pare and distribute the needed nourish-
ment to the body, and the body, un-
rourished, falls into senile decay. Dr.
I'ierce's Gilden Medical Discovery is
a wonderful medicine for old people
whose stomachs are "weak" and whose
digestions are "poor." Its invigorating
effects are felt in mind as well as in
body. It takes the string from old age.
and make old people strong.
For the Florida Agriculturist.
Open Fire Proteetion.
Having been quite successful with
open fire protection last winter I decid-
ed with your approval to give some
points which I consider quite essential
to success with this method.
In the first place enough wood must
be provided to carry the fires through
not less than fifteen cords to the acre,
and the wood should be mostly good
heart green timber or solid dead wood.
A good deal of poor wood can be used
for the bottoms of the fires to lay the
kindling on, but it is not of much use
for anything else. A good way to stack
the wood is to have a quarter of a cord
in each center and a half cord in the
centers on the north and west sides,
and some should be in reserve outside
2d. The men that are to fire should
be engaged beforehand and the price
per hour should be made satisfactory.
Some people watch a cold night and
call up their men when needed, but it
seems better to have most of them
right on hand and all notified the night
before. It is better to pay a little
more and be sure of your men.
3d. The fires should be an laid be-
forehand and the oil cans and torches
ready and plenty of oil provided and
piles of extra kindling should be put
in different portions of the grove. I
lay one fire for each tree northwest of
the tree at a distance according to the
size of the tree and an extra fire for
each tree in another direction to be
lighted if the cold is extreme. After
burning one night the fires ought to be
laid again before the next night or the
cold will come on before the fires can
be lighted up.
4th. Good accurate thermometers are
essential to prevent waste of wood, and
so that a person may know what he Is
doing. I put my thermometer a little
above the bank and fire when it goes
down to 29 degrees. If it should go to
30 degrees, however, and stay there a
long time I should light up if the trees
were small or if there was new growth.
Three thermometers Is a good number
for a small grove, so as to have one
outside and the others in different loca-
tions inside on the opposite side of the
tree from the fire.
In a general way a man most have
everything ready. His fires should
have plenty of kindling and be covered
with a large piece of wood to keep out
rain, and all changes of weather should
be watched, especially after a rain, and
I think it is also well to study the
changes of the planets and moon, as
they seem to effect the weather.
There are several advantages which
open fires have over other methods,
though they may not be as sure. 1st.
They are much cheaper. 2d. If there
is a warm winter there is very little
to do. 3d. There is no storage re-
quired. 4th. A man can ire two or
three acres out of five and save all If
the cold is not too extreme, because the
wind carries the heat and smoke
across. We carried one grove that was
in a warm place through in good shape
at an expense of about 25 cents per
tree. Open fires should be used in a
warm location to get the best results,
though I think it can be carried on
successfully most winters in a moder-
ately cold location. One must be care-
ful to sleep in the day to preserve
health. Yours respectfully,
L. H. Roberts.
There is nothing grown in the home
garden which will last as long, conmc
as early and give as much satisfacti-n
as a well cared for bed of asparagus.
If you have not yet got such a bed, put
one out this spring.
If land is thoroughly prepared before
planting is done, half the cultivatior
- flONLY TOOLS YOU "--D. -
No othir tool than a hat"het Or kmf"
is required to lay tis o We turmn
with each order ouletlBt to Oa.id
B nails to lar it, itout additional cha m
s Write or oar free etaSMa0 ire
of rorI merchandise boht bg
hr arir. aeeais.u I s ie.
' tW. asth & Iron stI, Chicao.*
*a SD MOI EY
W 9 r mad to us. ate antyo
e mot ud bmI aloo
at baes and a
anw wien s h
examine d try I
on as your nearest
a istor, ax.
ad the WT
ea or had
adber hmo~- bL orS
s. mes. ,L i oat l @we l
elaborately emuroided wit mmestmae milad mad
heading aJiusmied. Trimmed all aroudwith extra
fine sMhw 11 r, heaiy 7 amNtid with Wadi
Nttrate of Sods
has been adopted by the Agricul-
tural Experiment Stations all ever
the world as the standard by which
to measure the availability of all
other forms of Nitrogen used as
fertilizers. It is the cheapest and
most concentrated fertilizer on the
market. Full information to be
had free by addressing John A.
Myers, 12-Y John St.,New York.
Nitrate for sale byfertilizer deaers evwey-
fte at amos for A o. f aL 'salmoe
1.8 BUYS A $3.50*SUIT
a.m T sumnrLa w u iL
N T a i..e a..s..
to us, eat"e ofs bew sad Im wh
o mal forage and we wi fled you
amintlon. c exmi at your
factorymed sul ndsoe mep I t
11 111 payyourexl m agot smepecial,
Sm mta S.Nl.u nti t
doms samd -I. .
I .s made t r Ore r **ua or
sen t ree on ppli ntion. Addrem,
EA ROEBUCK i C. ( Inw), 7 hIl IlL
fIrUe, Wega* & o eCe. a MI, nea .ula
$2.75 BOX RAIN COAT
$2,.7S -- .... .. ... a
- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITH TEE JO1B0.
HIS TESTIMONY ADMITTED.
A story is told of the late Chief Jus-
tice Cockburn. He was counsel for the
plaintiff in a certain case, and a Mr.
B. was L6s desaaB t. owlibuPn oCau
a witness and proceeded to examine
"I understand," he said, "that you
called on the plaintiff, Mr. Jones. Is
"Yes," replied the man.
"What did you say?" demanded
Mr. B. promptly rose and objected.
The conrcrastes seaas asrt ns aalteIt
as evidence. But Cockburn persisted,
and Mr. B. appealed to the judges,
who thereupon retired to consider the
point. They were absent for nearly half
an hour. When they returned they an-
nounood that Mr. Cockburn might put
"Well, what did he say?" asked the
"Please, sir, he wasn't at home, sir,"
replied the witness, without moving a
muscle.-The Irish Independent.
A FELL PURPOSE.
"I want to see the man who gets up
UWE HS$ ff Sales twff ge5es" im sa91:
"Have you any business with him?"
inquired the court official.
"Yes. There's a man who lives near
me who thinks he knows everything.
He talks loud and makes you feel
small. He's got to have the egotism
taken out of him somehow, and I
thought I'd call around and see if you
couldn't put him on the jury and let the
lawyers ask a few of those hypotheti-
cal questions."-Washington Star.
Mistress-How do you happen to let
the fire go out?
New Girl-I'm sure I don't know,
ma'am, unless you happened to forget
to tell me to put coal on.-Chicago
Johnny-What is a bore, papa?
Papa-A bore is a person who tells
you so much about himself that you
get no chance to tell him anything
about yourself.-Baltimore American.
A FEMININE EXCEPTION.
"Well, Ignorance is bliss,' you know."
"Indeed it isn't. When I want to
know something about somebody and
can't find out about It, I nearly lose
my mind."-Chlcago Record.
"What's your game?" naked the
man with the big cigar in the Pullman.
"If you mean my profession," replied
the other, with dignity, "I'm a maker
"And I'm a bookmaker," cried the
first heartily. "Shake!"-Philadelphia
"You mustn't play with Mr. Borum's
hat, Bokby." s.ad a young lady who
was entertaining a caller to her small
"Why musn't I?"' asked the young-
"Beeause you might break it," re-
plied his sister, "and besides, he will
want it shortly."-Chicago News.
TRACED BACK TO EDEN.
Mr. Dash-I have discovered the rea-
son why most women like ribbons.
- S* *
You know all
about it- The
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
S W You go about 140 i 1781 78 i n I m 1
ith gret ....... ... 655a 65 ~0pLv .. ....Port Tampa.... ....Ar ....... 93p 8 30.......
with a great ............. 7 a 6 p "......Tampa Bay Hotel. ....." ....... 9p 8 ....
weight resting upon .............. 7 a p .. .......... pa.. ....... .. ....... 9 0p .......
you. You can't throw ....... o p .... .. ...Bar t .. ..... ... ......... p OO .......
So i feeling. You 9 s ........ iartowd.. ........ ....... 79 0p 6 00a .......
are a slave to your work. ...... .....11 a o10 op ". .. . ... Orlaro...... ... .. ........ 54 p 4 sa .......
Sleep fails, and you are ....... ....... na ".. ..... Winter Park....... ..::: p 430o .......
... ....... 12.... ......... ...... sa .. ......... ..........
al fil e vul Of sacous -***-"* i^ 8e8^:: .. .-;:::. .I.. -- @~.*A --:-----. _AM ;___I
35Vo.............. 1 ... Lv..........De u11....... ... Ax ....... 4 Sp 8 0a .......
exhaustion. io oa 3p 3 40p 2 i ". .... atka .. .. .. ...... 11a 2 0p 1 00a 6 15p
What is to be done? 52 6 22 434 36 ra : Green Cove Splrngs.. 10 52a 1 12011 6
STake... 6 55a ....... ....... Lv.. .. ....Port Tampa.. .... ....Ar 9 30p.............. .....
S7 1a .............. mpa Bay Hotel.. .. .... 9 p ....................
S...... 7 30a . ... ".... .. .. ... OMr .o .. ... .. .... ..* 9 ...... ....... .......
.giif-- -- ------ laa .;;. -,, ? ?OD ------- ---
....... 40 ....... ....... .. .. ...St. Petersburg.. .. . 10 OP .....................
7 7 l 2a .. .. .... ...... ......2 ................ p ..............
12. ......::: ... : ... .. la .. ..... . 14 3O ............ ....
:7 0a 2 10p ....... ....... . ..... ..s pe ala .. .. ........" 2 p .............. P.....
r li9 0la 4 3p ............ Ar...... .Ganesville.. ... ..... Lv 1O....... .... Ip
^ tt J60a 3 15p ....... o....... . .... .. .e e5. *:. *...LY op 8 1
7 ............... ..... GaBnesvlleir..........Ar 1 p..................... 3p
been lifting up -the dis- FROM JACKSONVILLE TO JEBSSUP, SAVANNAH AND CHARLESTON
been lifting up 3the d1- U 3 i n 1 3 5 114 1 7si I1
couraged, giving ret to v Jacksonvill.. .... .... ..... 001 o7 O 0o 7 4 7 4p 7 45p.............
the overworked, and Ar Waycross............ .... 65 .9 9p 4M l....... .....
9 0a Jesup.............. ....... .. .. .....Ga1evll .. ....... 0 .... Lv 10 i
brin ing refreshing sleep .... .. ........ e l ........ .. ..... ... 12......... .
For fi dp ressed. it hs Ar aa7 20 aton. 0aAr .. .....Jackson,,,nlle.. .........Lv 9 S 1210p110OP 4
No other Sarsaparilla FROM CHARLESTON, SAVANNAH AND JESSUP TO JACKBONVILLE.
approaches it. In age I 2 I3 I 5 8 I 1V4I 1 1 I
and in cures, "Ayer's" Is Lv Charleston ...... .......... 1 5 . 5 4Pa. .p
"6 :,Savannah.. ...... .. ....... .. ... 1 ........ .
"the leader of them all." jesup.. ............. .... 3 6 8 a 4 554; 6 4pl .. ..
t Waycmros ......... ... 10_l 6 40a. 7 3Sa10 0 5 opl 8 pl 4p...... .......
t Was Old before other Ar Jac vi .. ...... ... 8 Sa 9 5a a 7 400 0 4 ... .......
sarsaparillas were born. Jacksonville, Thomasville and Mont. Waycross and Brunsrwik.
$1.0 a I*l. All ri gomery. EaStbound. Westbound
Ayer's Pills aid the ac- Northbound Southbound 88 I 90 I I 7 I s
tion of Ayer's Sarsapa- 78 1 3 I I 1 I 7 9.50 7.15alLv. Waycros Ar .a 8.
rilla. They cure billous- 7.45pl 8.OOajLvJacksonvflle Arl 7.30a|10.40p U.30p110.16allAr Brunswick Lv\ 7.S 6.Op
10.15pl 9.5 aAr .Waccrosa ..Lv 5.10a 8 40p Waycross and Albany.
Sness. u cd a as 12.15a2.122pAr Valdosta 3.14a 6.4p Westbound Eastbound.
I have aed Ayer's medltne f 1.35a 1.40plAr Thomavllle Lvl 2.89 87 90 88
more than 40 years and said .1 9.20plAr. Montg'ery .Lvi 7. 1sp 5 1. W o A .4 7.
( h o bc a im ~ a w il M & I a n B oole i
am sureyour ,ar5Mparilla saved my A 53
life when If to t 40 years ago. Connections made at Charleston with Atlantic Coast Line. At Savannah with
I am now past TO70 and am asMvr Southern Railway, Central of Georgia Railway, Ocean Steamship Company and
without your medicines." Merchants and Miners Transportation Company. At Jesup with Southern Ral
FRAIK THOMASP.M., way. At Montgomery with Louisville and Nashville Railroad and Mobile & Ohio
Jan. 24. 1899. Enon, KaM I. Railroad. At Asany with Central of Georgia Railway.
If you have anly complaint water*
ad eslra the ma1r ~I atev r PLANT STEAMSHIP LINE- Steamships Mascotte and Olivette.
svl FirsK'3 ~SfTt '^iv I Mon., rnuum. gnu &L..10.300... Evr Fort %BmilAl..B-.Na TM, 4UaM i2"Aane
E weey.p wio t. rtlvera prompt re Tues., Fri. and Sun.... 3.OOp....Ar..Key Welit.... Lv.. 7.00p Mon., Wed. and f L
D. J C. ATY. Lowell, Mass. Tues., Fri. and un ..... .0p .... Lv..Key West .... Ar.. 6.E0p Mon., Wed. and at.
Wed., Sat. and Mon.... 6.00a ... Ar..Havana...... v..12.0p Mon., Wed. and S
Steamer leaves Punta Gorda daily except Sunday at 7.00 a.s., tor Cativ Pass,
St. Janes City, Sanlbel Island, Punta Ra asa and Fort Myers. Leaving rt Myers,
returning, at 6.00 a.m. daily, except Sunday.
Mrs. Dash-Why? Information regarding schedules, through car arrangements, reservations etc.,
Mr. Dash-Because the first woman may be secured upon application to
M. Dash-Bcaue B. W. WRENN Passenger Traffic Mana ger, H. C. McFADDEN, Div. Pass At.
w'a4 a rib-ua bhersilf,-yr-nam Her- -_nn B,. Jacksonviile. IPa.
Aid. ---- ---.--
SWEET CONSOLEMENT. have given it before you came, Bridget.
EXPANSIVE INVITATION. She-Oh, dear, I found a gray hair --Kansas City Independent.
Mother-Was your aunt glad to see in my head this morning.
oou and Tommy and Frankie and He-You ought to be glad of it. If A GOOD SCHEME.
Fred? your hair should turn gray, it would "Is it true that Bllson came of the
Johnny-Yes, ma'am, soften the effect of those wrinkles you Atlantic liner in full evening dress?"
Mother-Did she invite you to call re getting.-Indianapolis Press. "Yes; yes he had to get his new dia-
anain? mond stude thr agh the eausm ome."
Johnny-Yes, and she told us tod studs hruh th
bring you and papa and Susie and the BUSINESS GIFTS. -Chicago Record.
big dog next time.-Harlem Life. "What's the difference between tact
and talent?" JUSTIFIABLE CIRCUMSTANCES.
WITHOUT A COUNTRY. "Tact makes a man resign before She-Don't you think it is better to
Fuddy-Ronder says he does not con- he's discharged; talent helps him hold ilarry for love than for money?
sider himself an American or an En- on to his job after he's discharged."- IIe-certainly-if the contracting
glishman or anything else. He regards Chicago Record. parties are both wealthy.-Chicago
himself as a citizen of the world. N ws.
Duddy-I see. He is a foreigner in QUITE BOSTONIAN.
i h&tcv&r Ctutry he flnnU hImself.- f~l T provo the lncority of my TALK[B AB BIlH LOOKS.
Boston Transcript. intentions I have brought this solitaire Tess-She's too fond to talking be-
adornment of your engagement ring. d hr
THE NEW COOK. She-I must say, my friend, that do you mean? Behind
Jess-What do you mean? Behind
"Maggie, did you make that chicken your speech has the true ring,-BoRton whose back?
broth, as I ordered?" Courier. Tess--Her own. She's a regular rub
"01 did, mom." berneck.-Philadelphia Press.
"What did you do with it?" SADLY REALIZED.
"Sure, an that ilse would 01 do wid The Maid-OI've kim in to give yes a
it but fade it to the chicken, mom?"- war-rnin. Sharples Cream Separators-Proflt-
Boston Courier. The Mistress (sighing)-You should able Dairylog.
THE GREAT THROUGH CAR LINE.
North bound. IN EFFECT APRIL 11, 1900. Read up.
*" op peH 1R up.
E .. .. s I 4
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. sI9
Perino Valdes, an employee of the
Baranco cigar factory of West Tampa,
was drowned about 1:63 o'clock yester-
day afternoon while bathing with sev-
eral companions in the Hillsborough
river just below the factory. le was
about 19 years of age, and was taken
with cramps in the middle of the river.
After he sank the first time he was
never seen to rise again.-Tampa
The Peace River country around Ft.
Meade han long been noted for the fer-
tilty of the soil, and the abundance of
cattle that thrive on the succulent
grasses. Since the advent of the velvet
beans, this country has developed in-
to one of the finest stock raising sec-
tions of the South. A number of far-
mers are putting in from one to two
hundred acres of velvet beans; mills
are being established for grinding them
for stock feed. Cattle and hogs are
rapidly fattened, for the market and
command a ready 1s
The establishing of canning factories
In Florida is being agitated by the
State press. We know of no good rea-
son why such factories should not be
built and operated in all parts of the
State. There is certainly an inviting
field for a canning factory in this lo-
cality. We know of no instance where
canning factories have been built that
they have not proved profitable. This
State annually loses hundreds of thous-
ands of dollars by not canning products
which go to waste. Why should we
send abroad for that which we produce
at home? That money sent away
builds up other localities, while that
which is invested at home contributes
to the advancement of all the Various
interests of Florida.-Gaineeville Sun.
For fish, oysters, sponges and turtles
the coast of Hernando i justly cele-
brated. Thousands of dollars are an-
nually realized from her fisheries and
the business is yet almost undevelop-
The only genuine success ever made
s robbed of ts terrors by
the fact that the best med-
ical authority dtate, that it
is a curable diseases and
one of the happy things
about it is, that its victims
rarely ever los hope.
You know t sm rl a or of
secret nostnm s advertised to are
consuption. Some make absurd
dlams. We only saythat if taken
in time and its law of health ae
5 rengthen the body so t it can
throw off the &*uf.
We have tiwand of tefti.
moniab where people daim they
have been pennan~ty cmred of
SSCOT BO E. mitss, New Yort
6000 0orm m __go 0* 0**
In Hypoluxo growing egg-plants has
been done this year by J. Brown on
the Scotia farm. Mr. Brown's plants
are above the average in size, and the
yield or the rruit is something enorm-
ous. Last week's shipments were six-
ty crates from a quarter acre, and this
week double that amount will be ship-
ped.-Lake Worth News.
The activity of the present building
boom in Tampa is evinced by the sim-
ple but eloquent fact that during the
past week, orders have been given in
that city for 1,800,000 building brick.
These brick are to be used id buildings
which are to be erected during the
St. Anthony's hospital, located on
the corner of Garden and Baylen
streets, wae formally gnamd last
Thursday. The building, which has
been remodeled and enlarged, to serve
every purpose Intended to be served,
was formerly known as "Winter's
Rest," a place familiar to everybody in
this city and many others who have In
time past found comfort and recrea-
tion there. It is the old Pensacola In-
firmary now existing anew and styled
in keeping with this progressive age.-
The International Manufacturing
company of Palatka, was to-day Incor-
porated at Tallahassee, with a capital
of $1,000,000, authorized to do a gener-
al manufacturing and trading busi-
ness; buy and sell all kinds of goods
and merchandise; acquire, Improve and
sell real estate in the United States, or
any other country.-Tampa Tribune.
John D. Cleland, a well-known resi-
dent of Tarpon Springs, while out
hunting last Wednesday, was instantly
killed by a pistol shot fired by one of
a party of turpentine hands from John-
son's camp, who were warring with
Week's camp, a rival with Weeks'
camp, a rival crowd of turpentine
The East Boast Railway is surely an
up-to-date concern. The managers are
continually introducing something new
for the benefit of those who ride on
their cars. To save time, the P. E. C.
Railway Company have abandoned the
lunch rooms along the line, and Supt
Porter, of the Buffet Service, Informs
the Advocate that they have placed
cold storage boxes on their cars, so
that all lunches may be kept cool and
fresh. They have also introduced uni-
que little trays for holding a cup and
saucer and sandwltches on the lap.
VIce-President J. R. Parrot and his en-
ergetic staff officers always have their
eyes open in the interest of the travel-
ing public.-Titusville Advocate.
Fire destroyed the commissary of
the Milligan Mill Co., at Milligan,
early Saturday morning. The second
floor was occupied as lodge rooms by
the Milligan Knights of Pythias and
Masons, and the fire is believed to have
originated in the rooms of the Knights,
who had held a meeting the night be-
fore. The Milligan Lodge, Knights of
Pythias, was only organized a few
months ago, and the fire was a severe
blow to them an it destroyed all tf'ir
Iparaphernalia, which was valued at
about $200. The Press is informed that
the Pythians of this city have taken
hold of the matter and will endeavor to
rise a fund to reimburse their young
sister lodge. The matter will probably
be taken no by Damon lodre KI of P.,
at a meeting held tonight.-Pensacola
Florida East Coast Ry.
TIME TABLE NO. .a IN EFFECT APRBI 11, UI
0uTH MBOUND (Band Down.) N( Ag ) BUmt Sddw..
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S ...... ... . .
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setweom tow Uywu* and 05*. 2ane6wmm andrnyiIein l
No.1 No 1 STATIONS. No. In TA
S t A.a. . .
Le ave Mam nd ed........... ..........
L ve Keay Wet Th y d nd ay ..........................
Arrive Miami ridiia ii Mondays .............. .. ............. ...... ..,..." *i t ]
BETWEEN MIA(liI AND HAVANA. 1!
retweg Jarkil a&Prbl Nesak- 1
7 o l0 t ,Ar. s.oa.a
Leav neat Tudaily eead pM i y .......s..
Arriv iy u idi ay monday o.............................. ............... .. * *
BBTWEN MIaat B AND HAV-ANA
foTr oful timeND TEE u M TIOUw A rM T Y aT E Br
reJ.lP aa o Dl., Tlram ManagerC HaAMA LO 0 MM AAw
LeaveX i Sundays, Tuesdays, Wedesdas .... ..
Leave Key West Thda and Sridays. ..................... M
Axrive ~ Mim .. ...- S..
Leave Havana Tuesdas andr d ...... ........... a. M
Whri'Slet lS ttre i4th ine t o Foridal Ns"00"-lat-d
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aecery thanorgn a n hold ey otoers At Wts. 0F
MU U FCEuRo iMe, g Iutsllo 0 so, whMic
$3I 15 IS OUR SPECIAL 90 DAYS' F3g a..'"i
an i ~~ ndr lell nD^^H~t~
beautiful apearance. Sbl M-W %i u-ter -w .d
k antique -ni handaomeIdeoemtU andonunMnted.
atlS tie. TM s A m et
t Inches long, Inches ride andl wis Mpounda. Cone
olnlos soes11ops, as follow.N m m fasnIp,
saosme wI me of l OY
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on conoel t of tbh e celebr te db sll ie s ft a so
ued in the highest grade instrunieia d with 3 1
aseli cogla n-sa Tw b als D0114 Ut*
let ers etc, bellows of the botbrub belr
Satised mirror, nsel pbted psodl Ia
a s i fl o? iu
O'.UdEL AT OLI. InErT -ISE.
0IUARTEED LIABILITY IS ESTABi
inns & written bi=ding *-year Bai--,tT the
tanuuidoondlttioaii dilfaarpa~rt out
werepair itr ourebso;Z ttarniimtwd j
%wl refiu-d your money IF you we not psrtic S
Miae& NO o themeorgansuwillbesold OILI
**ER ATM OAlT X OnTDELAY. -
OtIR.ELIABILITY IS ESTABUSNME iyou
not dea.1 with us ask your ne boru a
the publisher of thi paperor etropolitaN liaoml
inso 044 -=am limb. m14 fl o: or lisrumms Si mas ul sew Tush is
iw;, gJ s~zn musical Instruments At lowNus oPrimWrite7for
s"E iauslest 5 2stru etboOJ f hslg tad Wae., Meso.
11111ARS:0911100K oas owe aw.- MISIL, am epen fts.
_ao THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
HOW TO GET A TON OF FERTILIZE i
S FOR $2.00 L
no,ooo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST within the next six months.
Fvrery Thirtieth peron remittinig Aass far a ysar'# aukariittistm iill ke firan an order far a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired . . .
HOW TO DO IT.
Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. O. Painter & Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., arid
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for one
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
----.--..- - -- ...- .. ---- po multiple 6f 30, ai 60, 90, 300, ctc., you can orde a
nlessrs. E. o. PAINTER & CO., ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
Pubs. Florida Agricuturst, Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
DeLand, Fa. ist at the regular price of $2 per year and have one
Gentlemen-Please find enclosed 2.00 for one year's sub- hance in 0 f ttin a ton ofig grade erilizer
scription to the Florida Agriculturist to begin at once. It cace in 3o getting a ton g grae fertilizer
is understood that should the number of my receipt be 30 beside. This may be YOUR opportunity.
ab say multiple of that numtio, I oan oriou a ton of any
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. cars at Jacksonville, Fla., without further expense E PTE
wt me.E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Shipping Point........................................ P N & o9
P. 0. Address.............................................. Publishers,
Note-If the station to which the fertilizer is to be shipped sa I AN
*prepay," amount of frtght must be forwarded with instructions. DE LAND, FLORIDA.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"T.-iE IDF AT," BRANDS
-~MirHAVE TH SE. 'W"
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pt ices
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ............. $3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)..........$27.oo per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................$30.0 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. i................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE... ....-$3000 per ton CORN FERTILIZER... .................... ooo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .IZR COMPANY,
.Pig's Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $17.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, $44.00 per ton.