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The Florida agriculturist
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 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: May 9, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00019
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text

~c* t--' F-` wzr


Vol. XXVII, No. 19. Whole No. 1371. DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, May 9, 1900. $2 per Annum, in Advance


Preident'a Address.
The following is the annual address
of President George L. Taber before
the State Horticultural Society:
Members of the Florida State Horti-
cultural Society:
Ladies and Gentlemen: Twelve
years ago a small band of Florida fruit
glowers met at Ocala, and organized
a State Horticultural Society. Of the
eighteen who assisted in the organiza-
tion one-half have since crossed the
"Great Divide" and, of the remaining
half, some have scattered or become
engaged in other pursuits, until the fin-
gers of one hand more than suffice for
lie counting of those who are left of
our.charter members.
But the principles and purposes for
which we organized stood and still
stand good, and not withstanding the
severe losses that we have sustained,
oy death, of men illustrious in horticul-
ture, and notwithstanding that we
have, during recent years encountered
such severe climatic conditions as to
call fourth from calamitist the ghoulish
proclamation that "horticulture in
Florida is a thing of the past," we have
yet, by united effort on part of both
Officers and members, been able to
maintain our membership to such a
degree of excellence that we stand to-
day in the recognized front rank of the
State Horticultural Societies of Amer-
ica.
This is no idle statement, for I speak
advisedly when I say that there are
few horticultural societies in America
that can show as large a membership
in comparison to State population, and,
I feel free to say, none that are work-
:ng harder to solve current horticultural
problems, delving deeper into scientific
research, or achieving more lasting and
beneficial results.
It is a matter of congratulation that
not only are we in a flourishing cond:-
tion, as regards numbers, but also en-
tirely free from dissentions or faction-
al discord. If we hold diverse views
as to the best modes and methods these
are but the natural differences of opin-
ion that Indicate a healthy condit'o I of
the Society as a society. For, if we
were all of the same mind, in relation
t, every phase of every topic und;r
consideration it would signify nothing
so much as the arrival of the comatose
condition that precedes death.
There is one great bassle principle
upon which we have built and are
building, which Is, that all of us, from
gray-haired veterans down to the
youngest acquisition to our ranks, are
but scholars. We recognlse fully that


no matter how much of value we may have lived to accomplish as much. Why
have learned there yet remains much not this one?
more of value to be acquired; and it is But, coming right down to the prac-
this very quality of receptivity,' and tical point: The building is, I admit,
power to healthily assimilate new ideas for the immediate present, beyond our
that gives us strength. Dudley W. reach. But the library, which I con-
Adams never uttered a greater truism sider of even more Importance than the
than that the man who "knows it all" building, is clearly within our reach.
is of no use to either himself or any- Not that we can hope to come into
body else, that such an one could be of immediate possession of such an ex-
uo' benefit to this Society and that we tensive and costly library as older and
could be of no benefit to him. I am richer Societies have been years col-
happy to say that we have no such lecting. but that we can make a begin-
nrembers. ning without which nothing of value
Standing then upon that broad plank 's ever accomplished.
of "Advancement in Horticulture," Freed from its political significance,
which our Constitution recognizes as I am a great believer in the principle
the fundamental principle of our exist- enunciated in Greeley's famous phrase
tnce; having outgrown our swaddling that "The best way to resume specie
clothes and demonstrated our ability payment is to resume," and, para-
to stand adversity as well as prosper- pihrased, this would read, if we want a
ity; recognizing the dignity of our call- libitry the best way for us to get it
ing and the responsibilities that attach is to start it.
to us as representatives of that calling; I am aware that the present state
let us look ahead for a moment and of the Society's finances does not war-
see what the future has in store for us. rant putting any of the Society's funds
And here let us remark that what- into it, and I would not recommend
ever is in store for us-lies to a great do'ng so-at least for the present. Any-
extent at least-within our own power one who wished to subscribe could do
4o predetermine. Unlooked for vicissi- so. but subscriptions would be purely
tudes may, and do arise, that may, and voluntary. The secretary has already
often do, alter the outcome of our on hand some available matter which
plans, but that does not affect the va- has. from time to time, and from var-
lidity of the statement that either as ious sources, come into possession of
individuals or a Society, we should 'lhe Society, and there are undoubtedly
plan ahead-a long way ahead if need ilmnongst our members those who have
be-for what we wish to happen, and duplicates of books on horticulture, or
then do our utmost to see that it does single volumes, with which they have
happen. Blind luck counts for little become so familiar that the contribu-
in these days of strenuous endeavor, tion of them to this Society's library
and he who, Micawber-like, sits idly would be accompanied by a sense of
waiting for something to "turn up" gratification that such volumes could
would better, to say the least, engage be placed where they would be a
in any other business than that of Hor- source of continuous usefulness. Mon-
riculture. ey contributions, in greater or lesser
Now what I would like to see, and amounts, would undoubtedly be made
what I have no doubt many of us by others in the same spirit. Later
would like to see, is the Florida State and perhaps larger accretions might
Horticultural Society with a member- follow from those, either in or out of
ship of several times its present num- the Society, who have the welfare of
ber, owning a library that would be Florida at heart, and thus, from one
of service and accessible to each one of source and another, we might in time
us, and possessed of a horticultural become possessors of a library that
building that would suitably house the would add greatly to the Society's use-
Society and its library and be a credit fulness.
to both the Society and the city In As to the housing of the library, I
which it were located, would say that the Society has already
Some of you say this all sounds very received generous, although informal,
well, but it will never be accomplished, offers. If the action to be taken by
Perhaps not, in its entirety, in our day. you is favorable to the library these
But my belief in the future of Florida, offers will doubtless be renewed in a
her horticulture and this Society as the rnore formal way. I would also say
representative of that horticulture, is that, if this recommendation is favor-
so great that I think we may reason- ably acted upon, there will be consid-
ably expect the Society to live to see erable detail to be worked out, which
it, even if we as individuals do not. can probably best be done, for the first
Other State Horticultural Societies year at least, through a committee.


And ft this committee was composed of
the Society's secretary and treasurer,
and perhaps one other member, this
would make a desirable personnel. The
treasurer of the Society could become
treasurer of the fund to be known as
"Library fund," and the secretary
could arrange and list all available
matter on hand, and that may accrue,
previous to our next annual meeting;
at which time the committee could
make a full report, with such sugges-
tions as to future action as a thorough
investigation of'the subject would lead
them to recommend. If sufficient ma-
terial has been accumulated by the
time we meet again, and the report of
the committee should be favorable to
such action, a librarian could then be
appointed.
If you agree that it is a good idea to
start the library it is for you to say
what the mode of procedure shall be,
and perhaps some of the suggestions I
have made can be improved upon. I
inm not so much concerned as to the ex-
act method to be followed as I am in-
terested in seeing the library started.
I believe that there is not a single
member of this Society who would not
i'e benefited by it, either directly or
indirectly. I believe that we would
each of us feel that the Society had
added breadth and scope and dignity
and power for good, and that the bond
of fellowship which exists between its
individual members would be still fur-
ther strengthened.
Many of us are more or less isolated
in our home life; the very nature of
our calling makes this necessary. Left
to ourselves we are apt to become too
absorbed in scanning a horizon com-
passed by the boundary lines of our
own little individual possessions. In
a collective capacity-as a Society-we
obtain, through the medium of our an-
nual conventions, a more extended
view, in which our boundary fences
disappear and the methods, practices
and results of the best thought of an
entire.State be spread out before us,
In laying the foundation for a carefully
selected horticultural library we would
l.e still further broadening our horizon,
and making available the best thought
and practices of other States and other
countries of the manifold questions
that have a direct bearing on our indi-
vidual horticultural interests.
I have already spoken of the faith
that I have in this Society, and, with
your permission, I will relate a little
personal experience that will illustrate,
more fully than I could do In any other
way, how deep this faith is:
Just previous to the unprecedented









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


freeze of February 1899, I had been
planning to plant five acres of addition-
al orange grove. The ground, however,
had not been cleared or any prepara-
tion made, other than that stakes had
been driven in the places that the
trees were to occupy. When the bliz-
zard came along, and leveled to the
banks the twenty acres of orange
groves that I already had, the question
very naturally arose, if that were
not enough? Wouldn't it be a good idea
to pull up the stakes that had been
driven and save the. expense of clear-
ing ground and planting additional or-
tinge trees away up here in North
Florida? Wouldn't it be better to turn
the orange industry over to parties lo-
cated nearer Cape Sable--or south of
it? These were questions which were
very proper to consider, and were sim-
i!ar to those which had to be consid--
ered by many of you who, unlike my-
self, are located in the counties gener-
ally included in what used to be called
tihe "Orange belt"-and which, please
God1, will still remain 'a part of the
"Orange belt."
But, whatever may have been the
proper answer to the question, I reas-
tllend this way: I have raised orang'sll
'v North Florida without protection.
Oranges, if they require protection, can
be protected in North Florida. Bank-
ing with earth will protect the trees as
high up as the mound extends. Burn-
ing wood in sufficient quantities will
protect the tops above the mounds. I
lave a large amount of earth and a
good supply of wood. I will plant the
trees and depend upon this combined
method of protection until I am satis-
tied which one of the several methods
advocated by the Society, seems best
to adopt in its place.
And so, simultaneously with the cut-
ting off of all frozen tops of the twen-
ty acres, I went to work and planted
out five acres additional, including
standard varieties of both oranges and
pomelos. The trees were set out in
wild land and the ground cleared after
the trees were planted; the logs and
stumps being placed in piles in every
other middle in every other other row,
on much the same plan as that suggest-
(d in my address of two years ago. I
have since that time had considerable
experience with open air firing, and, as
already indicated, shall depend upon
that, combined with high banking, un-
til I decide which one of the several
methods that are being advocated, or
already In use, by different members of
this Society, seems to offer the best so-
lution to the protection question.
And the point that I wish to make is;
not that North Florida is the best loca-
tion for an orange grove; not by any
irmanu that the horticulture of North
Florida is dependent upon the growing
of oranges; not that the temporary
method of protection that I adopted is
necessarily the best; but simply and
.soely that I had faith enough In this
Society to believe that it would solve
tih protection problem in a way that
Should make orange gr oWlag, even In
North Florida, a safe Investment.
And, I still believe so. The progress
we have already made in this direction
is very gratifying. We shall, at this
meeting, hear much of value in connec-
tion with the question from a purely
practical standpoint. Many of us have
been studying it by day and dreaming
c' it by night-except on such particu-
ag1' sffa Ne hiare aesffie as ser-f


tunities to put our theories to practical
test.
But, ladies and gentlemen, even if
the orange was our first love and if
her charms still continue to entice us,
we must not forget that the "Golden
Queen," as Adams felicity styled
her, is not all there is to Florida hortI-
culture. A perusal of the programme
will show that we not only have under
consideration, at this meeting, all the
I principal fruits of Florida, as well as
topics that have a direct bearing upon
Florida horticulture, but also special
papers on some subjects that perhaps
might be more strictly classified as
bearing on the welfare of the horticul-
turist, rather than that of the horticul-
ture that he represents. But this, af-
ter all, might be analyzed into a dis-
tinction without a difference, from the
standpoint that anything which contri-
bI:tes toward maintaining life in the
horticulturist, while his horticulture is
being brought to profitable basis, is, to
a very marked extent, conducive to-
ward advancement in horticulture.
There are existing in Florida to-day
two distinct State Societies which have
to do with the tilling of the soil; one
.l' them, Agriculiiial, the other (this
oie) Horticultural. Although working
,n perfect harmony with each other
wither of these Societies believes that
Ihe two should be amalgamated. Their
lines are more or less distinct, and it
:s very proper that the two Societies
s.iould continue to exist. There is
r.:uch in agriculture that the horticul-
turist does not care for, and much in
liorticulture that the agriculturist does
rot care for; but there is also a com-
lion ground, occupied by us both, in
which I believe we should both be more
deeply interested. It is that ground
covered by the horticulturist when he
is trying to provide for present necessi-
ties, by the raising of farm crops, until
his orchards come into bearing-and
which I believe can often be profitably
continued long after his orchards come
into bearing. It is that ground of the
sir.iculturist that holds out horticultur-
al inducements, and leads him to plant
fruit trees as a valuable .adjunct to
his fields of corn and cotton.
And so, to the newly formed State
Agricultural Society, which holds its
annual meeting in this city during the
I'resent week, our older State Horticul-
tural Society extends kindly greeting.
We hope that they may derive benefit
from attendance at our meeting, and,
that if we should be asked to attend
theirs, we shall be equally benefited.
The brief space of time our conven-
tions Oneumae, may perhaps, well be
likened to an interrogation point on the
vs yet, unwritten page of the history
of the horticultural and agricultural
progress of our State. We know what
the past has been; what the present is;
but what of the future? May we help
to decide this wisely and well, and
may Hope "that springs eternal in the
human breast" be ever with us, and
be ably seconded by our efforts; for,
without effort, hope is but a fallacy.

Practical Dairying.
Having last week published the first
installment of Mr. W. I. Vason's article
on Practical Dairying, read before the
Farmers' Institute at Lake City, we
herewith reproduce the second install-
ment of same:
We learn from the authorities that
in feedstuffs there are three separate
and distinct substances with which we
bars tW As" and isiBh Wr siesWai


Green fodder corn contains 11 per
cent; sorghum green, 12 per cent.;
green oats, 18 per cent.; corn ensilage,
11 per cent.; dry corn fodder, 34 per
ctnt.; dry sorghum fodder, 87 per
cent.; cowpea hay, 38 per cent.; crab-
grass hay, 39 per cent.; Johnson grass
hay, 47 per cent.; and German millet
tay, 51 per cent. From these sources
or others twelve pounds of carbohy-
drate nutrients are required for the
balanced ration. Should more of this
carbohydrate matter be fed, without
increasing the protein, there will be a
marked shrinkage in the flow of milk,
because an excess of this material will
cause the cow to commence laying on
fat. And let it be understood just
here that the fat cow is out of place
at the dairy. She belongs to the beef
breed, and should go to the butcher.
What is wanted is the cow that puts
her fat in her milk and not on her
body.
On the other hand, if the protein fed
is in excess of the carbohydrates, the
animal requirements of heat and ener-
gy will consume a part of the protein,
unbalance the ratio and cause a shrink-
age in milk.
For best results these nutrients
should be fed according to the quanti-
tiea stated and the ratio indicated.
Nearly all of our ordinary feeds on
the farm, both roughage and grain,
contain carbohydrates largely In ex-
cess of the needs of the animals and
much of it goes to waste; we are most
usually short in protein. This shortage
nust be provided for and guarded
against. It is good economy to sell
your corn containing only 7 per cent.
protein and buy cottonseed meal con-
tainiag 87 Le- cent. protein


witl or substituted for corn fodder.
Where ensilage is fed it should be
used at night, and in double the
weight of the dry roughage.
The following Is also suggested:
Hay, 12 pounds; crushed corncob and
shuck, 6 pounds; ground oats, 4
Pounds; cottonseed meal, 3 pounds.
Sweet potatoes, rutabagas and other
roots have a very limited nutritive
value, but serve a fine purpose in
keeping the cattle in a healthy and
thriving condition. Am unprepared to
speak of cassava never having grown
it nor seen its analysis.
Passing from the matter of breed-
ing and feeding, we next come to con-
sider the management of the dairy
products, which must be limited for
want of space and time, to the consid-
eration only of the methods that now
obtain in the handling of the milk and
butter.
The wonderful progress made in
dairying within the past twenty years
has so revolutionized the Industry that
the practical dairyman, to hold his
own, has been forced to abandon
methods in vogue and to adopt new
methods, in order that he might keep
pace with advanced conditions and
make dairying profitable.
Profitable dairying of to-day must be
up-to-date and be kept s0.
In the handling of the products, the
first important stage is.the care of the
milk.
The milking should be done with rig-
id regularity--at the same hour, morn-
ing and evening. Everything in and
about the milking should be scrupu-
lously neat and clean. If the fountain
is impure the stream will be contami-
nateod


_ ___ I_


in formulating a rational, or balanced The third constituent of a balanced
ration. These are known as protein, ration is fat, or that substance which
carbohydrates and fat. can be dissolved from feed material by
Protein is the name of that class of ether, and for this reason is some-
feed materials containing nitrogen, and times called ether extract. This nutri-
supplies materials for the formation of cut embraces the fats and the wax ia
lean flesh, blood, tendons, nerves, hair, fted materials and the green coloring
horns, and of the casein and albumen latter of plants. This fat s either
of milk; and for the formation of these stored up in the body or uii.zed in
it is absolutely indispensable. I reducing heat. It does not appear to
No substance free from nitrogen can ;ave any appreciable influence on the
ever be used as a substance for pro- letter fat contained in the milk.
tein. It is, therefore, necessary that The source of this nutrient is crude
an animal receive a certain amount of upland cottonseed, containing 17 per
protein from some source to maintain cent. fat; cottonseed meal, 8 per cent.;
existence, the minimum amount being corn meal, 6 per cent.; linseed oil'
.65 of 1 per cent, meal, 7 per cent.; oats, 4 per cent.;
The most abundant and accessible and wheat bran, 3 per cent. This nu-
source of supply of protein, as shown trient needs to be used with cane and
by chemical analysis, is found in bright sparingly. The proper quantity of this
cotton-seed meal containing 37 per cent. fat to complete the balanced ration is
Iiotein, while the cottonseed, crude, from 0.5 to 0.8 of 1 per cent.
contains but 12 per cent, and the cotton The habitual and excessive feeding
seed hulls only .3 of 1 per cent. Lin- of crude cottonseed containing 17 per
seed oil meal, old process, contains 29 cent. fat has well-night wrecked our
rer cent, cowpeas, 18 per cent.; velvet dairy industry, and unless abandoned,
beans, 10 per cent.; and wheat bran we may expect our make of butter to
12 per cent. Uats contain about 9 per he scored on a level with oleomarga-
cent. and corn meal only 7 per cent. rne. Such feeding not only ruins the
For convenience and practical purpo- tavor and entire body of the butter,
ses, fractions are omitted. bIut vastly cuts down the quantity; be-
In making up the balanced ration cause in thus gorging the cow on a feed
any of these sources of protein supply excessive in fat we upset the settled
may be utilized as convenience and eco- ratio of feed nutrients, which prevents
Ioiny would suggest so long as true ra- the cow from duly assimilating it into
tfo is maintained. Two pounds of pro- a normal milk flow.
tein is the essential constituent of a The following feed formula is used
daily ration for the average dairy cow. with good results: Protein, 2 pounds;
The next compound of a balanced ra- carbohydrates, 12 pounds; fat, 0.5 to
tion is the carbohydrates, which are 0.8 pounds.
found in the woody fiber and in the To embrace these nutrients in a
starch, sugar and gums of all forage practical way, the following is sug-
plants and grain. When fed to cattle tested as a daily ration of two feeds:
they are either stored up in the body Wheat bran, 8 pounds; cottonseed
as fat or consumed In the system to meal, 2 pounds; dry corn fodder, 15
produce heat and energy. An abund- pounds.
ant source of the carbohydrates may Hay from crabgrass, peavine, velvet
be found on every farm. bean or sorghum may be alternated









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 291


Aa Mus s ifanE ic mifli E U1PW It
should be strained through a fine cloth
strainer, and at once aerated over a
t'l:amupion cooler, to reduce the tem-
perature and rid it of the cow odor.
When reduced to 85 degrees or 90 de-
grees, run the milk through a cream
separator. A herd of ten cows will jus-
tify the outlay of a separator. Open
pans and other gravity methods belong
to the past, and are now a losing occu-
pation. When the creaming is done,
at once cool it down to 60 degrees in
summer by the use of ice, then set it in
the dairy, where it will ripen in twen-
ty-four hours. In winter, when the
oream Is twelve hours old. raise i(a
temperature by hot water bath to 70
degrees; let it stand 12 hours longer,
when it should be ripe. Cream is ripe
when slightly acid. Before churning
ani that the Vream is st 82 degree by
adding crushed ice in the summer.
Scald the churn, then cool with lce
water. The best churn I know of is
the Davis swing churn.
The butter should come in about 30
minutes. When the cream begins to
break, pour into the churn a bucket of
ee brine water, which will cause the
crealn to break evenly and leave the
,ti.;er ;n pellets. Run the churn a few
i..;:ues, lien all the butter wili have
come, then gather by moving the churn
hlowly back and forth. Draw off the
buttermilk and half fill the churn with
ice water. Let stand for ten minutes,
i lien ilrain off wash water and half fill
again with ice water. Draw off this
n ash water and let the butter drain for
Itwenty lliinulte, When it is realty for
'Jie salt, one ounce to the pound of but-
itr. Sprinkle the salt evenly over the
1-u;ter in the churn and with a ladle
work it all into one mass. Then put
lhe butter upon a butter worker and
genu.y move it until all the salt is dis-
solved and freed of milk and water,
wlen it is then ready to be moulded
into pound prints, wrapped in parch-
mi.en, packed and sent to market.
'1 li llavor of the butter, whether
good or bad, depen is upon the kind and
dt gree of ripening that has taken place
in the cream. The kind of ripening
which produces the best butter, under
natural conditions, is that which is pro-
duced by the pure souring of the
Si'amn. nad flavors In butter are most
ly due to wrong conditions of ripening,
Caused by allowing the cream to stand
over and become too sour, or maybe
from the milk being contaminated with
bad fermentations from uncleanliness,
which soon results in rancidity. To
control this, keep the bacteria that
cause bad ripening, by observing clean-
liness in every detail, and, when con-
ditions require, by adding starters to
produce the right kind of ripening.
In conclusion I would impress upon
every dairyman in Florida the import-
ance and necessity of investigating
both the Iencral Drinlciplt an thde d-
tails that apply to dairying. Do not be
satisfied with only knowing how, but
strive to know the reason why.
I question whether there are three
dairy farmers in Florida to-day who
know positively which of their cows
at the dairy are producing the butter.
The chances are that about one-half
are yielding the butter, and the other
half are robbers, yielding scarcely any-
thing-not half enough to pay for their
year's feed. These are the "star board-
ers" they "toil not, neither do they
spin," but eat all the same. From this
dilemma there is but one escape-easy
and open to all. Take in one hand a
Iabcock milk test and scales in the
other. With those 59 through your en-


best cows and feed them better, and
send the "star boarders" to the butch-
er; then, and not till then, will prosper-
ity smile upon you.

Some Florida Birds.
The artistic hand of man can never
hope to rival the Easter garment of
nature in plant and in bird life. The
plumage of birds can only be compared
to the beauty of the flowers and of the
precious stones.
The blue bird, the red bunting and
yellow hammer have tinted heads. The
females are sometimes thought to be
handsomer than their lords. The blue
jay is a noisy, saucy fellow, but his
noise, unlike the jackdaw, is musical.
Dark coats and light vests prevail in
the attire of birds, also in animals the
lack is darker than the front. Good
taste is displayed in so choosing colors
Slien men select their clothing.
The mocking bird in quest of food
iuns like a robin a few feet, spreads
his wings to scare up grasshoppers or
lies and then runs on again, repeating
lie unfolding of his wings. He has a
heat, dark-gray business suit with
v.-i'e spotted wings and tail. The
dilbe is a winter bird, returning NorIih
.n the spring. The bobolink is a bird
ifi passage and known in Florida as
irh reed bird and in the Southern
States as the rice bird. The whip-poor-
will passes to the North in the spring,
r.nd in the Carolinas is considered the
rarr hIrnali tf warm wsathSri Its sog
was heard here about a fortnight ago.
I lit eliuck-wills-widow is here all sum-
imer. Its song is heard at night and is
icthler monotonous. One night I heard
a blue jay utter sharp, impatient notes,
interrupting the monotonous sound, as
:nuchi as to say, "shut up."
ihe sound ceased. The little bird
loubtless flew off to other parts. The
lob-white is known in the Middle
i_.it(o- !Ist til quall, and in the Southern
States as partridge. It is abundant and
protected against the huntsman while
eating and rearing its young.
It is easy to win the confidence of
birds, even to the wild duck. The
duck is wary if an unfriendly hand is
Anloil him, and remarFlably 0canflfug
if encouraged so to be. He will keep
it a safe distance from the gun of the
sportsman. On the other hand, he will
port himself within a few feet of thi
kindly disposed, and even land upon
the shores of the towns where protec-
tion is assured. Shooting them is pro-
hibited by law within the precincts of
river towns which extend to the mid-
dle of the channel of the river. Almost
;.uy day within the last few weeks
could wild ducks be shot from the
shores of our premises. Possibly our
domestic white pekin ducks act as a
decoy, and the wild ones come in larger
numbers than they otherwise would.
Of the birds of Florida, the mocking
bird, brown thrush, blue jay, cardinal
bird, cat bird, brown bunting and other
birds have proved the friendship of our
nearest neighbor, to whom they go
dally for food. It Is a beautiful sight
to see them coming morning and even-
ing for their rations. If not forthcom-
ing they do not hesitate to call for
them. I was much surprised to see a
cat bird alight on the piazza within
four feet of me, where he had been ac-
customed to come for his food. In
size, this bird, like the mocging bird, is
a little smaller than the robin; in color,
like that of the Maltese cat. The brown


CATARRH OF THE 3TOMAOH.


Rabbi David Klein, 5 E. Main street,
Columbus, 0, writes the following to
Dr. Hartman in regard to Pe-ru-na: "It
affords me great pleasure to testify to
the curative merits of your medicine.
Pe-ru-na is a well-tried and widely
used remedy. Especially as a specific
for catarrh of the stomach it cannot be
excelled. Pe-ru-na will do all that is
aimed for it."


Babbi David Klein.
People afflicted with catarrh of the
stomach complain of lassitude, all-tired-
out feelings, their blood becomes thin,
Dasrwa syeftam reasaiif 1~?9 etm f?o
do them no good, continuous and in-
creasing weakness. The unfortunate


bunting is here called the chewink. Its
plunlage looks like a brown silk dress
with a black velvet coat. It is amus-
ilg to see the chewink scratch in the
sand, like a hen, for her tidbits. IHet
action is so quick it can hardly be de-
tected.
Flsh hawks, eagles, cranes and water
turkeys are common sights here. After
a successful dive the fish hawk utters a
timorous cry as he bears his prize
iway. IHis fear of the eagle but in-
v;les the latter to swoop down upon
llim and catch the fish dropped from
li' talona,
The Ibutcher bird is very fond of
ickiroatlies and will hover about a
'ian clearing away rubbish to get his
halre of the roaches sure t bhe f6tintI,
ilnd he sometimes allows himself to be
land fed. But the bird tests the friend-
ship of his friend before yielding to
ilim his confidence. This method is
more humane than the habit of filling
I is larder by impaling birds upon the
thorns of a tree.-A. R. Moore, Mer-
ritt, Fla., in Brooklyn Eagle, April 10,
1900.


victim wonders why he should be so
weak, why his food gives him no
strength, why his blood should be so
thin.
Mtr. Alex. Carter of Van Buren, Carter
Co, Mo, says: "I had been troubled
with dyspepsia and indigestion since
1879. The best physiciansinthecountry
could do no good.
I visited the
Mullanphy hos-
pital in St. Louis
and received no
benefit. The at-
tending physi-
clan tilt i1 I S
had narrowing of
the outlet of the
stomach, and the '.
only remedy was
to have it cut out,
wnhte I ro iatsi rt have done. I then
visited West Baden, Ind.; Las Vegas
Hot Springs, New Mexico; Sweel
Springs, Mo, and Moniton, Col. I also
took a great many different kinds of
medicine recommended for dyspepsia,
but found no relief. Last February 1
read a testimonial for Pe-ru-na in the
Central Baptist that suited my case and
I determined at once to try it. Ihave
taken two bottles of Pe-ru-na and four
of MIan-a-lin, and I feel like a new man.
None of my friends believed I would get
well. I would not take any money for
the good your remedies have done me."
In catarrh of the stomach, as well
as in catarrh of any other part of the
body, Pe-ru-na is the remedy. An it has
often been said, if Pe-ru-na will cure
catarrh of one part, it will cure catarrh
?f any ?thr part of the tody.
",ummer Catarrh'' sent free by P.
ru-na Drug M't'g Co., Columbus, 0.


Florida strawberries are in strong de-
malnd when fancy, and stocks are rap-
illy decreasing. Soon the North Caro-
lina berries, which are coming in a lim-
ited way, will have the field.
Florida potatoes show up somewhat
p< or so far. Good stock are wanted
.ndl a: few fetched as high as $S; per
lrrel thiis week. though most s-aes
were made at much lower figu.es.
'i a:!- :are poorer and show thli effeirt
of rains.-Fruit Growers Journal.

Pomelos in the North.
I find; very few people tha1 know of
thle existence of such a fruit as the
.irapi,ruit. and even fewer who have
any idea of its nature and use. I
roulghit with lme a few samples which
I picked from the trees in Fort Myers.
(lne of them was divided here, giving
a number of people a taste of its qual-
.ty. Among them was a dealer in fruits
and his wife. He immediately ordered
a box of grapefruit, and received a box
of Californias.
As weighed by the wife of the same
dealer, the Florida specimen, not the
______ -- ~,e itigUu OIC )01110 iil


----- --- -- gest, ze weighed one pound and
Fiurida Trait 4d V46tabl s. Itunrtla suae stirty uoeS;i aud
Florida produce is -now coming af- one of the largest Californias contained
fected seriously by the unfavorable in the box, which were of tie ordi-
weather the growers of that State i.ary size seen in the markets in the
have had to contend with, and as the larger towns of this icgioi, weighed
vegetables from Charleston and other half a pound--eight ounces. To the
points this side of the peninsular come eye there did not appear to be that
moie freely, Florida will begin to take dflltfrren- lb.tweu n ithln. but the lat.
a back seat. ter was mostly skin and core, which
Florida tomatoes this week have weigh much less in proportion to bulk
showed a better average of desirable than the pulp. The skin was three or
qualities and prices improved, as high tour times as thick as on the Florida
as $4 being realized for some extra specimen, and what there was of the
fancy grades. There was a great pulp was hard and deficient in juice,
lot of inferior stock however, ranging i en in more marked degree than is
down to $1 to $1.50 for poor but sal- that of the California orange as com-
eble goods. Plenty of tomatoes came pared with the Florida.
which did not realize freight charges. As all testify who have tasted the


- --- ---------- --


41fa Itual, 11full ---WtWZ HI:- W-5011 &all








292 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


two, the Florida is as distinctly su-
rerlor In quality Sa it t1 Il 010o and
quantity of edible pulp. Nobody who
has tested the fruit wants anything
more of the Californias, but two of
t!,e very few who have seen the two
together say they would order boxes of
Fioridas if they thought they could
get them, in spite of their much great-
er cost, and of the enhanced price at
which they would have to sell them.
From such facts as these, we can
get some idea of the great future
awaiting Florida grapefruit, when it
shall become known to the world. To
illustrate the ignorance that prevails
concerning it, even in the great cities,
a single case will suffice. Our neigh-
bo1, MU, Flmrs, sent a speolmen of the
Florida fruit to a cousin, an intelligent
blacksmith in Chicago, but did not ex-
plain what it was, or how to use it.
When I went to Chicago, Mr. F. asked
me to visit this cousin and carry him
a message. Neither this man nor his
partner had any knowledge of the fruit,
or even that it was fruit. When they
consider the limited area in which
these fruits can be grown, and the vast
area and undeveloped condition of its
future market, the growers of it in
lower Florida have abundant encour-
agement to plant pomelos, relying up-
on a sure demand that is certain to be
developed as the fruit becomes abund-
ant, hence known.-A. F. L'Amoreaux,
Lakeview, Iowa, in Times-Union and
Citizen.

fnorida Oraperuit.
A correspondent of the Florida
Times-Union and Citizen, writing from
Lakemont, says: Many young trees
are coming into unarung ior the Arsi
time amount to much. We make
the claim of having the finest grape-
fruit as to quality, grown in the State,
and that means in the world. And it
is a genuine grapefruit, too, known as
the Excelsior.
I met a representative yesterday of
one of youi d14d StABdy hiotwo In U oe-
ton, and knowing that they were hand-
Sling some of the Lakemont grapefruit
1 asked him for his candid opinion as
to the quality of this Excelsior fruit.
He answered at once: "It's the best
tasting frait I have ever sampled."
That was something to say from one
of the most reliable and oldest houses
in Boston. He also informed me he
was getting 91 per boa for thii fiVit,
though It will average say fifty seed
to the fruit. But the fruit is large and
the rind thin. But the within! Oh,
that's what counts, and it is said mon-
ey is what talks, and If it does then
this good old grapefruit will hold its
own, for a time at least, seeds or no
seeds.
Our trees did not get hurt in the least
at Lakemont this winter, and I had
fruit gathered the last of February not
hurt at all with the cold. This fruit
brought me more per fruit by the box
than I ever knew oranges to sell for.
o all are very much encouraged by
the outlook in the lake region or Polk
county, around Lakemont, for pines
and citrus fruit for the coming sea-
son.

Wanted-the address of Mr. Am-
brose C. Gardner, formerly of Roches-
ter, N. Y., but now somewhere in Flor-
ida. Anyone knowing of his address
will confer a favor by giving same to
me. E. O. Painter.
tf ackaoville, Fl~


OROPS AND PRODUCTS.

Profit in Celery.-We never like to
brag about anything, but we do take
an honest pride in the wonderful re-
sources of our county, feel like giving
the facts occasionally to put our people
on notice and provoke investigation.
For instance; what about the chances
for growing celery in this section?
Here are the figures given us by S. C.
Gates on a half acre of celery raised
by him this year. He has already
made a net profit of $425, and still has
small shipments out that he has not
heard from. Mr. Gates states that his
crop was 210 crates, averaging over $2
rer crate. At this rate one acre would
Lthary Jg9 Worth $9000 Last year from
. part of the same piece of land the
a erage was estimated to be about $1,-
(*00 per acre. We need not say such a
crop will pay our people-it is simply
a gold mine; better than going to the
Klondike, for here you never freeze
to death, but can go all through our
w.'inters without our coats ir we want
to. Everybody knows an orange grove
pays about 200 per cent. on the invest-
ment; yet rather than invest that way
some people had rather lend their mon-
ey at 10 per cent. Rather than plant
celery that will net about $900 to the
;cre people let their lands grow up inu
grass and weeds to pasture a cow in,
that is worth about 10 cents a day for
its milk.--Manatee Journal.

Large Acreage in Cautaloupes.-The
growing of cantaloupes was so remu-
r.erative last year that the acreage this
year has been very materially increas-
ed. Hon. C. Bevill was very successful
last year and it may be of interest to
our farmcro to know that he not oily
made cantaloupes pay well, but that
the same land turned him out several
line fat beeves and a number of fat
hogs, fattened on velvet beans. The
beans were planted after the canta-
loupes had commenced blooming and
covered the ground after the melons
were taken off, Mr. Bell says hel is
sa tisfied that he can gather 100 bushels
of beans per acre from any fair land
in this section.-Brooksville News-Reg-
ister.

No Peas.-Dr. Smith, of Anthony, at-
tributes the failure of the pea crop to
blight, but careful examination con-
vinces us that the blooms were killed
by the late front WeY had one or two
guava bushes (protected all winter)
killed at the same time. The pear
fruit from the first blossoms escaped
and are holding fast-though there are
very few of them.-Ocala Banner.

Florida Syrup.-At this time last
year there was any quantity of St.
Johns county syrup on the market at
the lowest price. To-day this condition
;s reversed. Every gallon of the syrup
crop of 1899 tound a ready market at
profitable prices, and dealers in the city
say that it is hard to get at any price,
although the crop for 1899 was larger
and of no better quality than that of
the year before. This difference is ac-
counted for by the fact that Florida
syrup, especially the product of this
county, is growing in public favor and
appreciation, both at home and abroad,
and as long as our syrup producers ex-
eicise proper care in making up their
crops, they will find ready markets at
prices as good as those obtained dur-
ing the past season.-Ex.

Large Orate BShipmmea-Th largest


I order ever sent from any manufactur-
Sing oetallilrment In Florida, left Plant
City Saturday morning. It consisted
of a train of twenty solid cars of peach
Crates, was routed via the Plant Sys-
tem, and was shipped to one individ-
ual at Marshalville, Ga. The Warnell
Lumber and Veneer Company, prob-
ably the largest in this line in the
Country, were the manufacturers and
Pl.lppel'r. Each car contained 2,000
complete crates, so that the Georgia
grower will receive 40,000 crates in
this one shipment. Next week a du-
plicate of this order will be shipped to
Georgia. In all the Warnell Company
t ill ship about 100 cars to Georgia.
and 50 cars to Maryland for this sea-
son's peach crop.-Ex.


Strawberries Profitable.-Mr. Peder-
sen, of West Palm Beach, is the straw-
berry man of Delray, and this year sold
2,700 boxes from two-thirds of an acre,
which netted him 30 cents per box. He
had ripe strawberries from Christmas
until now. He says he Is going to
raise celery next year that will excel
even Maj. Baynton's most successful
crop.-Tropical Sun.

Asparagus Culture in the South.
The market culture of asparagus in
the South has been mainly directed to
the production of the white stemmed
condition, which is demanded in North-
ern markets. But there is a growing
demand for the tender green stemmed
asparagus and some growers are plant-
ing for this purpose. The white stem-
nied condition is of course the result
of cutting the stalks below the surface
as soon as the tip appears at the sur-
face of the ground. It is evident that
if the shoots are to be cut after they
appear above the ground, a different
mode of planting must be adopted. As
the main demand is for the blanched
stalks the growers are slow to adopt
a different method, and are disposed to
let well enough alone so long as their
product brings a paying price.
There is no crop grown Dy tme
Southern trucker that has paid better
than asparagus year after year. With
many of the other truck crops sent
North the growers have to contend
with a host of planters who rush in
at times to plant certain crops like
early potatoes, peas and beans, and
whose inferior products often glut the
market and make the season unprofit-
able all round. These men drop out
after a season that their particular ven-
ture did not pay, and the regular truck-
ers being well aware that they would
do so always redouble thier efforts the
year after a bad season with any par-
ticular crop, knowing from experience
that then it would be certain to be prof.
table.
But the asparagus crop is one into
which the temporary growers cannot
jump in and out of, for the crop re-
quires special preparation of the soil
and patient waiting and culture pend-
iilg the time for reaping a harvest, and
the men who are always r~dy to jump
into the annual crops always wish to
realize at once and do not generally
have the capital to put into a crop that
requires several years before realizing.
Hense the asparagus crop has been left
to the regular market gardeners and
has been uniformly prontable when
well managed.
While as a rule we would always use
one-year roots in planting asparagus
if the quickest returns are desired,
taere Ais &a at a4adytag iLn ppwin


Look out !" cried the captain, as the
canal-boat was passing under a low bridge.
A Frenchman immediately put his head
out of the cabin window to look, and got
a severe blow. Rubbing his head rue-
fully, he cried: Why do these Yankees
call look out when they mean look in? "
Look out for your hli~lthi mico look in.
For the secret of health is within you.
Germs are in the air you breathe and in
the water you drink, but if your blood
is pure and your stomach sound the
germs can find no permanent lodgement.
To keep the blood and stomach in
sound health or to re-establish them in a
healthy condition when they are dis-
eased, no medicine is so effective as Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. It
purifies the blood, cleanses the system of
waste and poisonoussubstances, increases
the activity of the blood making glands,
and invigorates the stomach and other
organs of digestion and nutrition.
"I can say honestly and candidly that Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery is the grand-
est medicine ever compounded for purifying the
blood." writes Miss Annie Wells, of Fergusson's
Wharf. Isle of Wight Co., Va. "I sffered ter-
ribly with rheumatism, and pimples on the akin,
and swelling in my knees and feet so that I
could not walk. I spent about twenty dollar.
paying doctors' bills, but received no benefit. A
year or two ago I decided to try Dr, Pierce's
O4d, Medial viOewYery ad 'rFaerite rr-
sription,' and am entirely cured."
The People's Common Sense Medical
Adviser, 1oo8 pages, free. Send 21 one-
cent stamps for the paper-covered edition,
or 31 stamps for the cloth bound, to Dr.
R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.


tbl( roots on the place and not planting
till they are two years old. This ad-
vantage is in the fact that we are thus
enabledd to select only the staminate
plants for setting. Those who have
never studied the differences between
the crop from the staminate plants
and that from the pistillate ones will
hardly be able to realize that there will
at times a large percentage in ravor
of a patch planted entirely with the
staminate plants. The production of
seeds is a heavy tax on any plant, and
the seed bearing plants In a patch are
always weakened by the process and
fail to make the yield of those that are
not so weakened. II the seed are sown
rather thinly in nursery rows, and on
very strong land, it will be easy the
s-eona summer to go ttroug an a tae
cut all the seed-bearing plants and in
the fall to have for planting none but
the staminate ones, and hence the fin-
eat and strongest roots. There is a fur-
ther advantage in this "rogueing out"
of the pistillate plants. We get rid of
the seeds that are always producing
weeds In the rows and tending to thick-
en up the plants unduly, for a plant
of asparagus coming from where it is
not wanted is as much a weed as any
other with which we have to contend.
There is no crop in which extra pre-
paration of the soil and extra heavy
mannring pay so well as with the aspa-
ragus crop, the permanent success of
thg plantation largely depending on the
thoroughness with which the prepara-
tory work is done. A high and dry
sandy soil should be selected for its
earliness, but it should not be a leachy
one. Suen soils abound in all the
coast regions of the South Atlantle
States, a deep sandy soil with a com-
pact clay subsoil that will hold im-
provement.
Extra deep planting la not advlsabl%








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 293


for we wish the roots to be within the
influence of the early spring sun to
start them into growth, and the depth
of the shoots in the soil can be better
attalnea Dy Billing over the rows than
by putting the roots too deep below the
general surface. The land should be
prepared in the fall, whether the plant-
ing be done at that time or in the
spring, as it can be more thoroughly
done then than in the hurry of spring
work. If stable manure is to be had
there is nothing that is as good for the
first start at ledst. But if the grower
is compelled to depend on artificial fer-
tilizers he wants what they call a very
high grade article. That Is, he must
have a fertilizer in which there is a
complete supply of the three elements
of plant food most generally needed, ni-
trogen, phosphorus in the form of phos-
phoric acid, and potash. It goes with-
out saying that the plowing should Ie
deep and thorough, and in the appli-
cation of the fertilizers we prefer to
apply the potash in the form of kainit
and to apply it in the fall so as to get
rid of any caustic property in it during
the winter, for our preference is for
spring planting. In the first prepara-
tion we would use half a ton per acre
Ui kainit over the whole ground, and
would defer the application of the ni-
trogen and phosphates till preparing
to plant from February to middle of
March.
Then give the land a dressing of a
mixture of fish scrap and acid phos-
phate in proportion of 900 pounds of
fisch scrap to 400 pound acid phosphate
and use fully 1000 pounds per acre.
Mark off the rows four feet apart, and
run the plow two or three times in the
furrow and clean out with shovel. Re-
serve part of the fertilizer for the fur-
rows and mix it in the bottom by run-
ring a bull tongue through twice, thus
further loosening the roots two feet
apart in the furrows and cover them by
hand just enough to hide the tops or
crowns of the roots. II covered in
these deep furrows full depth there
will be danger that many of the
slender shoots may not get through at
all.
As the shoots appear above the cover,
the earth is to be gradually drawn in
to them until the surface is leveled and
a& are above the ground. Just before
the final leveling apply a dressing of
nitrate of soda alongside the rows to
still further urge the growth, taking
care to apply it when the shoots are
dry, as it may burn any that it touches
if wet with dew. The first summer's
cultivation will be a simple matter.
Do not remove the tops until they are
perfectly ripe, and if seed-bearing
plants have gotten in, remove them at
once. Do not be tempted to grow any
other crop between the rows, but give
all attention to the perfecting of the
Frowth of the asparagus roots so as to
get them strong for the production of
strong shoots. After the ripe tops are
removed in the fall, plow the soil to
the rows so as to make a ridge over
the crowns and plow out the middles
so that the drainage may be away from
the rows.
The next spring a ton of high-grade
f. rtilier will be none too much, and no
cutting should be attempted the second
spring, but every effort made to in-
crease the strength of the roots. The
cultivation during the second summer
will be but a repetition of the first and
will result in leveling the ground down
again with the cultivator. In the fall


the same ridging up should be done,
for the coming spring should show
shoots fit for cutting, and it is far eas-
tu to get good shoots from under
ground in a ridge than on a nat surrace
aLu the ridge warms through easier
than a flat surface and starts the cut-
ting earlier. It is a matter then and
thereafter of heavy applications of
highly nitrogenous manures or ferti-
liters and clean culture, for the fer-
tility of the soil must be kept up at all
hazards if paying crops are to be ex-
pected,
There is little reason for warning the
S&uther- grwyer !!t t? 91t tegg lai ig
the spring, for the movement of spring
rt'rthward and the lowering of the
price tells him when he can no longer
cut with profit and pay the heavy
Ireights. Good culture and heavy feed-
ing are the esentials to success in grow-
i:g good asparagus.-W. F. Massey in
American Agriculturist.

THE FARMER'S WIFE.
is very careful about her churn. She
scalds it thoroughly after -using, and
give it a sun bath to sweeten it. She
knows that if her churn is sour it will
taint the butter that is made in it. The
stomach is a churn. In the stomach
and digestive and nutritive tracts are
performed processes which are exactly
akin to the churning of butter. Is it
itot apparent then that if this stomach
churn is "sour" it sours all which is put
into it? The evil of the foul stomach
is not the bad taste in the mouth and
the foul breath caused by it, but the
corruption of the pure current of the
:!ood and the dissemination of disease
throughout the body. Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery makes the
sour stomach sweet. It does for the
stomach what the washing and sun
Alth do for the churn-absolutely re-
n oves every tainting or corrupting
element. "Golden Medical Discovery"
contains no alcohol, whiskey or other
Intoxicant anl no narcotic.

Potato Culture in the South.
The Irish potato crop is yearly in-
creasing in its importance among
Southern farmers, for every every acre
planted to this crop five years ago there
are ten now; and this is as it ought to
ie, 6o? It i 6oBe Of te miost EFtainl
and profitable crops that can be made
on the Southern farm. The first, or
spring crop should be got under way
in this latitude as early in January as
possible, for of all the crops that we
make, this is one of the most fastidi-
ous as to its food in the shape of the
proper fertilizer used, and the appli-
cation of same to the soil should be
long enough ahead of planting time to
be in a condition readily available for
feeding the plant rootlets when called
upon to do so.
The beat rotation for Irish potatoes
is either to follow a sod, or a crop that
has been previously well fertilized,
such as cabbage. If the soil is a heavy
one, inclined to stiffness, and a clay
subsoil, it should be well broken up
with a subsoil plow before applying
the fertilisers. Generally speaking, the
growing season of the spring crop of
Irish potatoes is the driest of the whole
year. and to be certain of plenty of
moisture to make the crop, the land
should be opened as deep as possible,
to allow the roots to get to moisture, or
rather, the moisture to'get to the roots.
After this is done the land should be
laid off into rows tour feet apart with


in ordinary scooter plow, and a high
grade fertilizer scattered well in the
furrows. A thousand pounds per acre
iv none too much, anll if the soil can
liaeI' (<':ur or it. a ion tile Herl' wioutld
be tile most economical. A good many
fertilizer manufacturers have been
making a specialty of potato fertilizers,


N O crop can

growwith-

out Potalh.1

Every blade of

Grass, every grain


and any of these are generally very
good. A complete fertilizer for this Of Corn, all Fruits
crop should analyze 11 per cent. potash, and Vegetables
S per cent. phosphoric acid, and about
Super cent. nitrogen. The potash must have it. If
Ls'hould be in the form of sulphate
After the process of fertilizing Is enough is supplied
emniploted the same should be well
mixed with the soil at the same time. you can count on a full crop-
'Ihis is best done by using an ordinary if too little, the growth will be
one horse cultivator, and removing the
rear shovel of same. By running this scrubby."
tool twice along the furrow, the ferti-
lizer is thoroughly mixed with the soil, ISend om r boots tedo all abo.t eompostior
leaving a low hoed bed for further op- othing.
rations. There should always elapse CavMANu AT.WIvR nvS_ .. N -.5


two to four weeks between the time of
fertilizing and planting the seed:
When ready to begin planting this
low bed should be split open by a
small bull-tongue scooter, and the seed
laid in the bottom of this furrow, and
covered slightly, say with a couple of
inches of soil. After the plants show
above the ground, the soil can be
worked to them as the further culti-
vation of the land proceeds with the
growth of the crop. A great many
growers cover the seed with loose
tough stable manure, some others,
loose litter, claiming a better yield;
lbut I never found this plant to succeed
well in the south, as it is apt to give
-cabby potat9oe, The cultivation of
this crop should be thorough and often,
always working to the growing plant,
and by the time the crop is made, the
plants should be on a moderately high
ridge. Whenever blossoms appear, cul-
tivation should cease, as any other cul-
tivation would damage the yield in in-
terfering with the multitudinous small
Ioote all thloigh the d16l A&titli Ae
feeders for the young tubers.
All the large growers of this crop en-
tirely discard all rough rank fertilizers,
such as stable manures, and kindred
manures of every kind; the nearest to
the best in this line being either goat
or sheep manure, entirely free from lit-
top and tBorougnly well rtt~gl,
Regarding the most profitable varie-
ty to plant, different sections have their
different preferences. In this section,
"Early Rose" and "Rliss Triumph" are
the favorites. Both of these are pink
o. red potatoes, but some markets don't
want any other kind of potato than
white, and in that case, one would
have to stick to the white varieties.
'Early Ohio" is'the best white potato
for an early potato that I know of;
but for a late crop and a good heavy
soil, the "Freeman" is certainly the
best.
As to cutting the seed, the claims
made for one or two eye pieces have
been so much discussed in the agricul-
tural press, and among practical grow-
ers, with such conflicting results, that
we must leave the matter to one's own
blet judgment, I have always found
one eye pieces do best with me, provid-
ing they were cut thick, that is to say,
a good thickness behind the eye, for
one must remember that in the early
stage of growth of the young plant, all
its sustenance is derived from the
starch contained in the parent cutting.
Now, if this cutting is of a substantial
nature, the young plant will be corres-


THB -


That wiil kill
all the weeds
in your lawn.
If you keep
the weeds cut
so they do not
go to seed,
andcut your
grass without
breaking the small feeders of roots
the grass will become thick and
weeds will disappear. Send for
catalogue.
THE CLIPPER WILL DO IT
CLIPPER LAWN MOWER CO.
Norristown, Pa.


Western Poultry Farm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It is up to date. 24 pages.
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice kill-
'r Cyr 7T viri rt gallla, AlaIa nul Ifg
lana for poultry, 1 aoz., 20n tsi 2 Ir t
cts; 50 for 50 cts; 100 for $1.


The International Publishing Com
pany of Philadelphia and Chicago,
have just published a new and inter-
esting life of D. L. Moody. Also.
"War in Africa," and many other ele-
gant and useful books. The bost torms
to agents. Apply to I. Morgan, Kis-
simi,.ee, State agent for Florida.


WE STILL HAVE A FEW
Nice Satsuma oranges on Trifollats
stocks, entirely unhurt by cold. Aie
peaches, plums, grapes, etc., including
the famous .ames Grape. A few
thousand Trifolita seedlings yet un
sold. Prices low. Freight is paid
Summit Nurseries.
Monticello. Fla.


pondingly thrifty and hearty, and later
on will give a good report of itself in
a good crop. The seed should be cut
three or four days before planting, as
the skin formed on the cutting locks
the starch up in the inside for the use
of thv young plant, ae already mention-
ed.
A newly cut piece, planted immedi-
a ely, is almost sure to rot in the
ground before the sprout is strong
cuough to take care of itself, the action
of the soil on the moist surface pre-
venting a skin forming as a covering
for its preservation.
C. K. McQuarrie.






"94 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Care of Betting Hens.
Eggs intended for setting should be
gathered as soon as laid, or at least be-
fore they get chilled. They should be
put in a cool, dry place and turned ev-
ery day until set. It is best to place
the eggs upon soft material and not
rllow them to touch. In selecting eggs
for setting I always use those of me-
dium size. I arrange to have my set-
ting hens fastened on their nests so
other hens can not get to them. Open
tihe nest in the morning when you feed
lid the hen will come off; if she does
not, I usually take her off once or
twice, feed and water her well, have
dust baths handy, see she gets back on
all right, and after that she will come
off when you open the box and throw
out the feed. This all takes but a
very short time, but must be seen to,
.qand when once the hen is on the nest
bud shut in there is no more trouble
until the next morning. Hens that set
ill February and March, when it Is
cold, need only be let off every other
nay. Use plenty of nest material. It
is best to place some dirt in the bottom
tof the nest and upon this put plenty
of cut straw. Coal oil the cracks and
crevices of the neat box. Dust the
nest with sulphur; repeat once or twice
during incubation, and your hen will
rt ver leave the nest on account of lice.
Sprinkle the eggs with warm water
two or three times during incubation,
if the weather is hot or dry. As soon
as the hen has hatched and the chicks
are'ready to come off, remove them to
some dry, warm place. Grease the hen
carefully under the wings and along
the sides of body and around the vent.
(iream carefully the top of the head
of every little chick. I use lard and
never lost one by greasing in my life.
Face the hen and chickens in a coop;
feed and water well; and if you can
keep rid of gapes you will be apt to
raise the brood.-LL J. Roberts in Pral-
rie Farmer.

Judious Peeding.
The matter of feeding is one that
cannot be understood except by exper-
ience, says Farm & Fireside. A hen
will fatten more readily than a grow-
ing pullet, and a laying hen requires
more nitrogenous food than one that
ie not laying. The amount of food giv-
en is no evidence of the digestible ca-
I.acity of the fowl Some hens may
tat less than others, yet digest more. It
is these several factors that serve to
r nder it difficult to select a ration for
a flock. Individual characteristics, the
condition of the fowl, age, breed, shel-
ter, kind of range, confinement and ev-
cr the grit are matters that regulate
both the quantity and quality, for a
hen must not be deprived of what she
needs, and she must not be made too
fat for a layer. When grass is very
young it contains more water than
when allowed to mature, hence food
that has been allowed to grow until it
has approached the stage of maturity
c ntains more nutritious matter than
lhat which has been cut in the earliest
periods simply because the nutrition
intended for the formation of the seed
;s arrested in the stalks. Green food,
therefore, should be such as has not
been matured sufficiently to complete
the seeds, though the seeds may be in
a milky state. When grain is fed ex-
clusively a deficiency of the mineral
matter and nitrogen may result, which
deficiency Is supplied by a variety of
other foods, Bulky food dilutes the


concentrated food, thereby promoting
digestion and affording the fowls great-
er opportunities for producing eggs.
There is but little nourishment in cab-
inge, but there is a dietry effect which
more than equals the value of cabbage
as food. Corn ensilage is readily eaten
by hens, as is known to dairymen who
feed it to their fowls, and the eating of
the ensilage by poultry is not because
of the ensilage being superior to grain,
but for the reason that the hens find
it an agreeable change from the usual
dry food, and because it also adds bulk
and promotes digestion.

Florida for Stock.
Probably few readers of your paper
in pursuing the accounts of the great
"cattle barons" of the West, are aware
what a poverty of actual grazing re-
sources their often immense wealth is
based upon. I have before me a Unit-
edl States Government report on live
stock, showing the number of acres of
l:psture it requires to support one unit
of stock (one steer of five sheep) in the
1 principal States and Territories of the
'Far West. Some of these figures are as
follows: In Texas it takes 24.72 to the
unit; New Mexico, 53.27; California,
-.G;:; Arizona,122.24; Nevada, 145.65-
this last being the poorest exhibit of
al;.
1 regret that this report did not in-
#,lude Florida, but a prominent stock-
mien of South Florida estimates that
forly acres will, on an average, sup-
port one head of stock, which is only
a little behind California, with its fer-
tile soil. In an article published in
your paper some years ago, J. Selwyn
'ait estimated that Florida could sus-
tami 3,000,000 cattle, besides hogs and
sheep, and on the most liberal calcula-
Sion, there is not over one-third of this
r amber in the State to-day. The State
contains 37,931,520 acres, which would
allot one head to each twelve acres.
1 his is manifestly too high an estimate
for the native pasturage alone, the ba-
.sis of reckoning in all the above esti-
matee; but these figures might doubt-
less be eventually attained by cultlva-
tion of our pasturage resources and the
suppression of the present, annually-
recurring destructive forest fires.
The cattle industry of the State
ought to be one of its great staples,
l.ut it is now the most neglected and
the most carel o9ly conduotel industry
in North America. Instead of atten-
t:on being concentrated upon the im-
provement of the grade of cattle, the
latter have been in former years, and
.are yet, to a considerable extent, de-
moralized by our pernicious branch of
the Cuban export trade; the supply of
bulls and stags for the up-country
plantations in Cuba. .To improve the
(attle industry in Florida every native
bull ought to be converted into beef
just as quickly as arrangements could
lbe made to supply his place with a
blooded animal of some breed-Here-
ford, Devon, Brahmin, Holstein, or
what you will, to the extent of four per
cent. of the breeding cows.
Florida, has, in the popular mind,
been condemned as a cattle country on
count of the poverty of her grasses,
which have been assumed to be poor on
account of the wretched appearance of
lier cattle. The argument is unjust.
Texas admittedly possesses fine native
pastures, grama grass, curly mesquite,
postoak grass, buffalo grass and many
others; yet the Southern Texas herds
twenty years ago were as miserable
animals as those of Florida to-day, if
anything more bony, leggy, and with


I


In tis prosperity tne value or Texas
graeass could olalm no prominent
share; they remained just the same as
they were a few years before when
Texas cattle were killed for hides,
The cause of the prosperity was due
wholly to the use of Shorthorn bulls.
These impart volume and quality to
the cuts beyond any other breed, unless
it may be the "doddies" or white-
faced Herefords. The Shorthorn bull
pos000000 that marblod condition of
fesh which, from the butcher's point
of view, constitutes the highgrade ani-
mal. This, being interpreted, means
the presence of fat cells in the lean of
the flesh. Without it all meat is hard
and leathery, and comparatively flavor-
less. Corn feeding might add outside
fat to the Florida steer, but if he were
stuffed like a Strasburg goose from his
birth to his death, not a cell of such,
fat would be found in the flesh of his
*arcass.-Fruit Grower.
They are Pleased.
The Florida Agriculturist:
Enclosed find check for one year's ad-
wvrtising, every insertion of which was
correctly given, and we wish to com-
pliment you for same and wish that
you would write up an article and send
re the Publisher's Guide and other
such papers telling newspaper men
l-ow to fill a contract and secure the
good will and cash of the Patent
Medicine man.
It is certainly a great pleasure to
send you our check to-day and very re-
freshing to be able to do without mak-
ang any reductions, etc.
Nervita Medical Company.
Chicago, Ill.

Willie Howard, a youth, got caught
in a belt at Meffert's mill and had his
left arm torn off. He was brought to
Ocala and placed under the care of Dr.
Hood.-Ocala Banner.


TRUSSES, 0im _225 AND UP



.the ice che by othe and WE
.jANTIE TT 9 V 'I lTn F5C. X f
weAher youwn our I or our ti.tl I-S,
Teit 3ie kBs TUrso. Illustrated above, cut thi
ad. oat and send tOuswiLh 6 PI CIAL PRICtai.me,
stMate your .mLt, I.t, Ip^, hawlung yO iouhlv. 1elt
ruptured, whether rupture I large oi uasll; also staet
number inches around the body on a line with thb
rupture, ay whether rut ae is on right or left side,
il wi Nllolun *sitlur iuu ato run with tR '* -
standing. Ift I t a Ip* t El ad K Sle Isurs lsts
rtiU at thege times er prrkeyou can return it ud WO
will return your money.
WRITE FOR FREE TRUSS CATALOGUE w, .J,,;.-
.twas. inecludingthe Set *lOS Lean Trs 715
k.- teoa atis -y se, ticwl r = $275
Adam. SEARS, ROEBUCK & Co. CHICAGO

BO Y EARS
EXPERIENCE




TRADl MEARK*
CopVytiGrs &c.
Anyone sending a sketch and description ma
quickly ascertain our opinion free wletlier sk
invention is probably paentable. Communira
Lionsa strictly onlOentaL nlandbookon Patents
tent free. Oldest agency for securirngpateInta.
Patents taken through Munn & o. r vetu
special notice, without charge. in the
"cb lfc O merkan.
Handsomely Illnstrated weekly. Irgswt cir-
culation of any scientife Journal. 'lerms. *3 a
year; four months. Boldbyall newvdealer.
MNUN L Co3ewe.ay. Nlew YX
S sa ptM r pt.. Wabhitmon. "


greater spread of useless horns. No R
native pasture in the world will lm- C A TA
prove native stock into thoroughbreds; C AAR
i, takes improved grasses to make im- The Iother of Consm
proved stock. You must make one T Mother of Consl m ptiol.
hand wash the other. Under like con- Howthis Drad Dsease May hePreveated sad
editions a thousands years' grazing on' Cred-The Greatest of Specialsts Write
m the Sublect.
the bluegrass of Kentucky would add Catarrh is the mother of consumption.
very little, if anything, to the quality BythisIdonotmean thateverycase of tarrhde-
veopes into consumption, butI
cr the cuts and roasts of Florida na- do mean ht catarrh hen un-
tive cattle. Certainly it would not ac- ipropr o s place of beginnDge
complish as much as ten years of intel- which is the naeal paesr e
deeper and deeper along the
ligent grading-up would do. In his corn- breathing tract, invariabl ends
in Consumption of the Lungs.
prison with Texas cattle the writer Catarrh o eldom dpetrof s any
conslderable part of the mucous
will go further and say that the Flor- surface of the upper air pae-
ages; it Inflames and contests
Tex, solel o couth eofm ,uaneiriing usually a sui',r-
ida native cattle yield superior beef c aanosnt and offensive di r-
io tle Texas native cattle. The writer charge: uot when It reaches the intensely delicate
lining of the hair-like lung tubes and little lung cells,
is not alone in this opinion. In competi- the iamation end congestion whh it causes
closeasise small air passages and, allowing the
tion in the Cuban market the Florida Putriddi charged matter to accumulate. caues a ro
tin away of the membrane resulting in what we
steer fetched a higher price than the all Consumption of the Lungs.
Texas, oley on accouTHI TENDB NCY OF CATARRHb.
exas, solely on account of superiority The tendency of catarrh. hen t has once obtained
a foothold in any portion of the mucous menibrane
i grain and flavor. But Florida bee which lines every cavity of the body is to constantly
e extend in every direction.
is Inferior to Texas now, because the Catarrhn almostevery instance starts with what s
commonly known as cold In the head This cold is
later has been graded up, while the added to b another, because of some extra explore
lorida steer remas unimproved orwekennn of e system and become chronic-
Faslorida steer remains unimproved. aca t esu Unless a radicalcureof
hen the Teas rnchmen began this condition i effeted, the disease passes rapidly
When b to the throatto the bronchial tubes. and then to the
improve their stock by the use of grad- lun s NEW LUINS.
td bulls, about twenty years Cago, a h onm cannot be cured. New lungs cannot
ls, ab t tw t a ago, a be man any more than new fingersora
Texas cow and calf could be purchased ne ;but catarrh cn be caredn .11 itt ge.
excep thWe final and always fatal one.
for $12. Within six years the price of A CERTAIN CURB.
In an experience of twenty years, during which
the same had risen to $30 or $35, and time I have treated many thousands of cases of all
formsof catarrh, I have never yet failed to effect
ihe wealth which poured into the State radical and permanent cure. The method I eennlo
leone exclesivly my own, and the remedies which[
fIom the increased value of her cattle uearepreprea under my personaldirect n in my
own laboratories.
w-as without a parallel in the history mManpeoplegimagine they have ConsumnptlrTn hen
in reality the disease has not quite reached that
o- America. stage. I am treating and cuiing cases of this sort
Before the buffalo's bones were gath- begnln the lun themselves canmaketS has not
ered from the plains, Texas could perfectly well and strong again.
BEGN AT O E.R,
boast that her western towns, which Let me once more urge al catarrhal sufferers to
begin treatment at once, for a month of treatment
had been created by, and were wholly now Is better than the three months later on.
I shall make for the next month a specially low fee
supported by the cattle trade were per for the treatment of catarrh not complicated by
other disease making no extra charge for all med.
capital the wealthiest In the United Icine, et., that may be required.
States, and that her cattle kings had 4% 4, NEWTON HATHAWAY, M. D.
Dr. athaway A Co..
establishedd a new order of aristocracy. am5 lBars treet, Savannah. .
S. .. .. I ION THIS PAPrB WHrN WRITING.


U







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 295


FLIOAIL DEPARTMENT.

Address all communications to the
editor, W. C. Steele, Switzerland, Fla.

Beggars
We do not intend in this article to
tay anything about beggars in general,
but confine our remarks to one class
in particular, viz: "Plant and Seed
'eggars."
Elsewhere we print an amusing de-
w'ription of one such, said to be an
autobiographical sketch.
It is an old saying that "It takes all
kinds of people to make a world." This
is undoubtedly true, yet the fewer
*Knabbys" there are in a community,
the better for all concerned. Mrs.
Hays in her article says she was driven
into the business of plant growing, by
plant beggars. "A fair exchange is no
robbery" as the old adage has it. And
there are neighbors who are always
exchanging plants.
In this way one dollar may be made
to do the work of two. Of course
u here economy is not an object it
saves time to order and pay for what
Sou want Yet in these hard times
such prosperous people are the excep-
tion, not the rule.


A Letter From "Knabby."
In Park's Floral Magazine we ind
ihe following letter. There are many
such people in the world, but we hope
none among our readers:
Mr. Park:-I read Nabby Frost's
letter, telling how mean them wimmen
served her, an I jes had to write an
tell you how mean one of them served
me, tho I haint goin to give her name,
fur I no you would strike her name off
your list if I did. Now, my name is
Nabby, too, and this woman told me
I oughter spel it Knabby-twould be
more propreate. Now, I don't believe
in bein stingy with plants myself. I
jest go among my nabors, an when 1
see a slip 1 want I jest say here's a slip,
and step up an take it. I never bot any
plants but once, then I sent to you fur
your Magazine, and got plants for pre-
mium. I hated like prison to pay out
the money, but as you have been so
kind and sent it 2 year fur the 25c it
atnt so bad. Well, that woman that
curved me so mean, she sent an got
some mixed colors of Gladiolus, an bein
her nabor I sed now you must give
me some. So she divided with me, and
we both had beautiful flowers. Then
her all froze. I was powerful frald
he'd ask me for some of mine, but
she didn't. She sent away and got
wore, tho how she could 'ford it I don't
know. Then her was newer kind
than mine, an I jest picked the colors
I wanted and told her she must give
them to me, so she did. Then she sent
away fur Geraniums (and her man
working fur a livin). My, but them
Geraniums were purty. I jest went rite
over soon as they were big enuff an
took slips off all of them. That winter
some of her got killed, as she had no
cellar. So she came over and wanted a
slip of the Souvenir de Mirande. Mine
was a big, bushy plant then, an jest
full of blossoms, but I didn't want to
pick any blossoms, so I told her there
want any slips on it, an jest told her
they didn't cost much. I knew, fur I
red the catalogs. Then came spring.
I asked her if she could give me Pan-
t5 seed, as I had give away my luck
givin Pansy blossoms, an my plants
winter-killed. She give me the seed,


an I had the purtyest Pansies you ever c. Bulbs grown as those were which
saw. Then she bot some choist Dalla sne wrote about would be comparative-
roots, an I kept telling her eve'y time 1 ly worthless. No dealer of reputation


i seen her she must give me some in
the fall. When she dug them I seen
ner, and i was on the ground before
ithe had 1 root dug, and would you be-
l:eve me she jest dug every root, and
took them in the house and didn't give
ine one. Now, I no you wont believe
that anybody could be so mean, but
this is evry word true as gospel. She
has moved away now, an i'm glad, fur
I don't want to live beside such stingy
folk. Knabby.


A Warning.
Eben E. Rexford of Wisconsin, gives
a valuable warning in the Mayflower.
Anyone who makes a living out of the
soil must earn it by the sweat of his
brow. Growing flowers and flowering
plants and bulbs is a very pleasant oc-
cupation and under proper conditions
i ay be made profitable. But let no
one expect to get rich at it without
lard work:
"This is a growl. I make the state-
Inent at the outset so that those so
disposed can skip this paragraph. I
have just been reading an article from
some one whose name I shall not give
here, narrating her wonderful success
with the Lily-of-the-Valley in the house
in winter. She treats it 'precisely as
she does all other bulbs,' and she nev-
er fails to have 'such lovely flowers'
for several weeks in winter. She won
ders 'why everybody does not grow
this plant, because it is of such easy
cultivation.' And so on.
"Now the professional growers will
tell you that we have but few plants
more difficult to force well than this
same I.ly-of-the-Valley, and they will
also tell you that when treated as or-
dinary winter-flowering bulbs are, it
will prove an utter failure. The writer
had either grown some other plant un-
(lei the name of Lily-of-the-Valley, or-
she was writing pretty fictions, pre-
suming on the ignorance of the edito:
of the periodical in which article ap-
peared. The Lily-of-the-Valley is not
a bulb, and it will not succeed under
the treatment given bulbs. It can only
be forced well in winter when given a
great deal of heat and moisture, and
in a living-room its flowers, instead of
lasting several weeks, as she said hers
did, would be very short-lived. I have
recently been reading another article
similar to this in its 'imaginary' facts,
published, I am sorry to say, in a lead-
ing periodical whose endorsement of it,
by publication, will carry considerable
weight with it, about a couple of wo-
men who went South for their health.
1hey found the garden over-run with
bulbs-what kind the writer neglected
to say-but they dug them, had no dif-
ficulty whatever in selling them to a
dealer in bulbs at the North, at a fab-
ulous price, and in a few years they
had made quite a little fortune in
bulb-growing in their garden, and
there was nothing but fun in it-no
hard work except the digging, and that
was done by a negro-all there was to
do was to send off the bulbs and get a
good-sized check for them by return
mail, accompanied with an invariable
request for more. Now all this read
well, and many a poor woman would
believe it all, and think seriously of
going and doing likewise, but to the
person who knew something of thnt bus-
iness of bulg-growing for the market
the article was a fraud, on the face of


would buy them at any price. And
first-class bulbs are grown so cheaply
now-a-days that there is no necessity
for paying fancy prices for them. And
dealers are not given to sentiment or
sympathy in their purchases.
"Such articles are reprehensible be-
cause they are deluding and mislead-
irg. The worst feature of it is-they
c:eceive the very ones who ought not
to be deceived, because they cannot af-
ford to pay the price of an experiment
along similar lines which must result
:n failure. About three years ago an
article was published in a leading pe-
riodical on Violet growing for women
as a means of making money. Since
then I have had hundreds of letters
from poor women who went into the
business because of the glowing, rose
colored, false statements made in that
article, and lost all the money they put
into it. It is not to be wondered at
that they set the writer down as a
humbug. The fact is, flower-growing
is not the easiest thing in the world
to make a success of. It has its draw-
backs and difficulties, like all other
l.:nds of business. When you read
about any one's getting rich at it in
two or three years, without any an-
noyance and no hard work, set the ar-
ticle down as being written by someone
who doesn't know what he or she is
talking about!"


Raising Plants for Profit.
Having read the warning printed
above, our readers are ready for the
following from Vick's Magazine. Mrs.
I. M. Hays gives an interesting account
of her experience. There are no ex-
Iravagantl claims and or statements.
We knew years ago in Indiana, a lady
iwho began in much the same way and
also built up quite a business.
"I wonder if my experience in this
line will be of any help to would-be
money-makers. For almost ten years I
have endeavored to make a few dol-
lars in this way, but have never yet
i'een able to retire upon the profits of
my industry. However, the work is
pleasant and healthful, and I would
have some flowers anyway, so I do not
begrudge the time spent with appre-
ciative and unappreciative custo-
Iers. I began the work from self-
defense firstly, self-defense against the
ubiquitous plant beggar, who toils not,
but begs his plants in the springtime
and lets them freeze in the winter.
When I began, my stock in trade was
ten large Geraniums, assorted kinds,
six Coleus, and twelve Begonias, as-
sorted. I cut these plants all up into
cuttings, which I started over a coal
oil lamp in wet sand. I added to this
collection two dollars' worth of seeds.
1 hese were Pansies, Verbenas, Asters
and Marguerite Carnations. After-
wards I sowed Sweet Alyssum and
Mignonette. Constant care through-
out sleepless nights and busy
days brought all of these through. The
first day of May I hung a modest little
sign upon my porch, stating that I had
flowers for sale. I also inserted a card
in our weekly paper to the same effect.
The family laughed at me for my pains
but I had a customer before noon, and
others soon came. It was so early that
nothing made so good a showing as It
should, but I sold all of my Begonia
cuttings in a few days. I had thirty of
these, and at 10 cents each I realized


43;.00. I immediately reinvested it in
nimre Begonias. I sold fifty Geranium
cuttings, twenty Coleus, twenty-five
dozen Pansies, five dozen Verbenas,
two dozen Sweet Alyssum for bedding.
My Mignonette and Marguerite Carna-
tions I potted and sold in bloom. The
Asters sold well in the fall. I Invested
all of my earnings in stock, and from
this I have succeeded in building up a
nice little business. People in small
towns love flowers quite as well, I
th'nk, as in larger places, and are
quite willing to pay a reasonable price
for them. It brings a heartache some-
times to part with a plant that has be-
come interesting to you, especially if
someone gets it whom you know to be
Llind to its deeper beauties.
"I buy every season several nice
palms, Rex Begonias, etc., at wholesale
and retail them as something extra nice.
I find no trouble in collecting money
for this business is generally with wo-
men, and they are strictly honest. Pan-
sies sell readily from the time they are
an inch high. Geraniums are always
in demand, and I find large numbers of
folks who have as great a 'craze' as
myself for Begonias. Something new
ind catchy must be added often to
your stock to arouse interest. An occa-
sional order of plants from a city
greenhouse will add to the appearance
of your stock and help sell it. In ad-
dition to this you must keep up-to-date,
read the floral magazines and culti-
vate your tongue. You must be able
to diagnose the various ailments that
attack your customers' plants and be
able to convince them that such all-
ments were not of your making. You
must never become angry, be always
reedy to give away cut flowers as a
tide help, and have backbone enough
not to allow people to convince you
that your handsome Nlveus or beauti-
ful Queen bloomed out as a 'button'
Chrysanthemum. They will attempt it.
Anything to get dead plants replaced,
'free gratis, for nothing.' But the work
will grow on you, and you will find a
lightt in rolling out such melodious
names as Chaenostema hispida, Boug-
ainvillea glabra Sanderiana, etc. I do
not know of a pleasanter way of earn-
ing pin money, though I usually miss
my dinners and most of my suppers
through May and June. But the work
brings you in contact with so many
congenial spirits that you cannot help
but enjoy it.
"I also find that a profitable branch
of the trade is in cut flowers. How an
amateur can sell these to advantage,
the kinds to grow, how to arrange
them for sale, etc., maybe the Maga-
z'ne will give me space for at another
time.


Beware of Green Fruit.-Now in the
heated term people should pay atten-
tion to their diet, avoiding unripe fruit
and stale vegetables which invariably
bring on cramps, cholera morbus, or
diarrhoea. Children are particularly
subject to complaints of this kind, and
no mother can feel safe without hav-
ing a bottle of Pain-Killer. It is a safe,
sure and speedy cure. Avoid substi-
tutes, there is but one Pain-Killer, Per-
ry Davis'. Price 25c and 50c. 5

The electric light in the town clock
has been discontinued, which has been
occasioned by repairs in the tower.
The light will be turned on as soon as
the condition of the work will permit.
-Gainesville Sun.








26e THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLOMIDA AGIICIOLTUBIST.

id ttred at the postoffice at DeLand, Felor-
idd, a* second class matter.

E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.

Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.

Menimbrs of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.

TERMS.
One year, single subscription............$ 2.00
Six months, single subscription ......... 1.00
Single copy.............. ............ .05

ADVERTISING RATES.
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scpe of this paper are solicited.
\We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.

Money should be sent by Draft, rostoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
ponsible in case of loss. When personal
ffffb ,f ...d ac=-gt be added.
, iy i ilt I m RIt umF mtateR afttIt ctutic
cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the ad-
dress of their paper changed MUST give the'
old as well as the new address.

We now have an office in Jacksonville.
Room 4, Robinson Blouek Viadut, where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to see any of our sub-
scribers. Any time we n be of service in
Jacksonville, drop us a line to above address.

WEDNESDAY, MAY 9, 1900.


Horticnltural society.
The fiorida rtate Horticuitural fo-
ciety held its annual meeting in Jack-
sonville last week. The attendance
was larger than anticipated, and was
one of the beet attended meetings that
the Association has held since "hey
day" times before the unpleasantness.
The papers read were up to the usual
high standard and the report of the
meeting will be one of great interest.
Some of these papers wil be published
fy t r tim to time. and they will show
that while the Florida orange grower
las been hard hit, he has by no means
given up the fght, but is working to
overcome every obstacle that presents
Itself.
The president in his annual address
made a suggestion that met with the
hearty approval of every member-the
establishing of a State Horticultural
Society library. Such an Institution
would be of inestimable value in the
future if properly carried out. It would
gather together from time to time the
test works on horticultural and agri-
cultural topics, so that any member
could have the benefit of the library
pt a very small, If any, cost.
The Society already has a few
books to begin with and its members
have others that will be added when
the library in finally Jott. It fi
hoped that everyone who can help will
do so. A single book, or its equivalent
in cash from each member would give
the library a boost that would land it
high and dry on the way to prosperity.
With a library the Society will have a
permanent home as it is in the case of
similar societies in other States.


Florida Agricultural olety?. sons of the past have not been lost on
Florida is prolific in her societies. I them, and that, if they made haste at
The last of importance to be organized rll, it would be slowly.
vtas the Floridi Agricultural Society, Whatever the agricultural population
which held its third meeting in Jack- of Florida may want, nothing can at
sonville last week. It has a member- this time be more Certain that what it
ship of nearly a hundred and is grow- most needs is some crop adapted alike
ing rapidly. With the two State so- to the conditions prevailing here, and
cieties, the horticultural and agricul- which can be successfully handled by
tural Interests of the State will be well the average farmer supplied with the
looked after and much valuable infor- average means. That such a crop
.nation compiled, should be readily convertible into cash
im not at all necessary, IIn the North-
Census of Cuba. ern States grass has long been the bi-


We place before our readers a state-
rient in detail of the 1900 Cuban cen-
sus taken by the U. 8. Government.
For the information of those read-
ers who take a lively interest in Cuban
affairs we now add a statement show-
ing that the native white Cuban males
constitute a majority of the population,
for voting purposes, over foreign white
tmale and colored malasi
The city of Havana contains...... 221,981
Pinar del tRio....................... 173,064
Havana............ ............... 424,804
Metansas... ............... ....... 202,444
Santa Clara..... ..... .......... 356,56
Puerto Principe... ................. 88,234
Santiago.................... ........ 321,715
1,572,797
White, native and foreign, male
and female... ... ....... 1,02,516
Colored, negro and mixed, male
and female.... ............... 05,443
Chinese, male and emale......... 14,838


Native males... ... ............... 447,32
Native females... ...............426
Surplus females ............ 1,554
Foreign males... .... ........... 115,760
Foreign females. ........ .... 26,458
Surplus males .................. 89,302
COLORIDD.
Males.............. ......... 111,898
Females.. .................... 12740
Surplus females ............... 10,842
MIXED.
Males... ...... ...... ........ ...... 125,500
Females... ......... ........... 145,805
Surplus females ................ 19,806
OHTNESE.
Males..... ... ... ... ... ... ...... 14,675
Females.... .... ... .... .......... 163
Surplus males... ............... 14,512
Total whltc lonmUlDitln .. ,,,I,,, i3,2,ll
otial negro and mixed...... ..... 620,2=1
Native white males...... ........ 447.372
Foreign white, negro and mixed.. 353,158
Native white male majority..... 94,214
With the natural increase of the na-
tive white males in the island of Cuba,
the realization of an independent form
of government by the native born
white Cuban will, in the near future,
be accomplished, all other factors be-
ing laid aside.

What Florida Needs.
What men want is by no means al-
ways what they need. Many a busi-
ness man wants more money, when
what he needs is more method and less
rashness; and the farmer is painfully
familiar who is satisfied that he wants
other and better land, when all he real-
ly needs for the successful prosecution
of his business are other and better
methods.
This is true of all sections of our
country,,and it is-we regret to say-
especially true of our own State,
whose people have in the past suffered
sneverely from the introduction of crop
unadopted to either the soul or climate
of Florida, and who have at times
shown a dangerous tendency to Indulge
in unwise and untimely experiments.
:ut nothing teaches so successfully
and surely as experience. The school-
ing is severe, but thoroughly effectual;
rnd though sorely tempted since the
freeze some years ago, which has made
tentative experimentation necessary
and justifiable, our people have, on the
whole, conclusively shown that the lea-


sis of successful agricultural opera-
tions, and so much more profitable has
this crop been proven when fed, and
bold in the form of milk, butter or
beef, that in the England States it has
become an axiom that the farmer who
habitually sold hay was eating up his
capital by diminishing the fertility of
his soil.
guch under proper conditions may
become the case in Florida, where un-
der prevailing conditions cassava bids
fair to fill a gap too long left open. The
tests made at the Lake City Experi-
eent Station and cited in these col-
umns show that this crop, when prop-
erly fed, produces results superior to
either corn or cottonseed meal; and
that it is thoroughly adapted to the
average Florida soil was long since
tomitunasiuairG. oin isatfU h"ia, Wi ; &
direct cash value of cassava is indicat-
ed by the success of the Stetson starch
factory, whose operations have proven
such that extensive additions are now
being made to plant.
In view of these facts, there is fortu-
iotely good reason to bRlite that the
new staple crop of the State has at
iast been hit upon, and that our people
will make no mistake in proceeding in-
telligently upon the new and promis-
ing pathway opened up to them.-T.-
U. & C.

,Plan for fttler With $000.
C. K. McQuarrie discussing the ques-
tion of new settlers in the Laurel Hill
Gazette, says:
The question is often asked, what
amount of capital should a new settler
bring with him when coming here to
farm, or in other words, what should
be the minimum figure that a man
could get a fair start with?
This is a very difficult question to
answer, as muIe depends an f ie ms
but I should say that a man with a
small family and $000 cash on arrival
here, might reasonably expect to make
a fairly good beginning and get a very
good start farming.
One great trouble with a new settler
is, they think they know more at the
beginning than those who have been
here for years. They bring their
Northern ideas along and will not be
taught by others. A farmer coming
Lere from another section has to leave
his old methods behind and start anew,
and I advise all to be in no hurry to
invest after coming here unless they
ihave already done so before coming.
Now suppose one is here and finds a
good location, forty acres of land is
plenty to begin with. This he can buy
within a mile or two of a small town
for about five dollars per acre; a house
with a couple of rooms and lean-to
for a kitchen and dining room can be
built for fifty dollars; it he is content
with a log house it can be built for
half that amount, but say fifty.
He will need about five acres or lana
cleared to begin with; if he is able


bodied and can hold up his end of the
job at clearing, help will cost him
about five dollars an acre. Fencing the
land will cost as inmuh as clearing tif:
less he does it himself. This reduces
1 it original amount of cash one-half.
Before he begins operations he will
ueed a horse for plowing, say fifty dol-
lars; a good milk cow, twenty-five; a
couple of hogs, say two sows at three
tcllara each; plow five dollars; culti-
vator and harrow another iive dollarjl
and a ton of fertilizer twenty dollars.
He will need a farm Wigdn, cdsting
twenty-six dollars, and tharnes will
cost at least ten dollars. All this will
reduce his tah to one hundred and fit
ty dollars. Then there will be seeds
and a lot of small sundries to buy, say
ten dollars more.
Now comes tne question; what would
be the cost of living until such time as
the crops were available? With a cow
giving milk. three dollars a week
should keep up household ekpentie,
and if any butter could be made it
would readily sell and be a great help.
But as I have said; everything would
depend on the mail; there are men
who came with one-fourth the stii
mentioned that are doing well to-day,
while others come with thousands, and
have nothing. Anyone who will work
and use the right methods will get

every State in the Union and ind from
personal observation and experience
that we have as good country as anfy
where on the face of the globe; our eli-
mate is simply perfection; we have Oa-
cellent water and all the fuel we want
for tho gathering, and if a man is wil-
ling to work and plant crops suitable
to the country and climate, he will
surely succeed.
January or February la the best time
to come, as the land should be cleared
in time to plant the first crops in
March. All garden crops are planted
!c March, Irish potatoco the latter dat
of February and first of March. Corn
is also planted in March, and all farm
crops should be in the ground before
the middle of Apri- except cowpeas
Lnd sweet potatoes, they should be
planted in May, June and early July.
After the middle of August a fall
planting of all garden crops can be
made with an assurance of success.
turnipss and ruta-bagas can be plant-
fe a yfg :_ xnth in the year in fact.
there is not a month in the year but
what the farmer can plant and harvest
something.
The foregoing remarks have been
prompted by the many inquiries re-
ceived from parties who contemplate
moving here. The figures given are
full cost; a considerable reduction
might be made on a few items by a ju-
dicious person who knows how to buy
to best advantage.


People who turn up their noses at
the country school forget that while
such school may lack the facilities of
the town school: the boy as sett an
education in nature studies which far
wore than makes up for the superior
opportunities given by the town
schools.

Where the pasture is scanty, some
kind of grain should always be plant-
ed to help it out Millet, sorghum and
sweet corn are all excellent used in
this way. Then if these crops are not
needed when green, they C.&n easily be
tried and kept for winter use.


-"








THE FT.ORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


For Florida Agriculturlst.
to Grow Watermelons Cheaply.
Thib ean be done to excellent advant-
age in connectid i with sorlt or cottol4
which should be planted as early as thei
season will permit of, leaving places at
proper distances apart, say 10 to 12
feet each way, for the melon hills. It
is best to have no other plants with
the corn or cotton as the case may be,
except the melons, which should be
planted siiflwcently cleke to Amount
virtually to a melon patch. All fatm-
era of experience know that if there is
Soumnleoneiy of grailn of any ind on tho
ground to make a full crop there is no
rtom for anything else while said crop
is growilig. Hence the necemsty for
leaving spaces of four to five feet itl
which to construct the melon hills. If
this arrangement was not made at
planting time a proper number of
atalkq should be removed to make the
necessary room.
The fruit of the vine will be worth
Iore than that of the stalks removed.
The vines run out to bear where they
Will be of btt little or no detriment to
the corn or Cotton. Hence there Is an
actual gali iii growing this joint crop
and especially when the first crop
(corn) goes into decline before the mel-
pn crop comes on.
It is generally conceded that commer-
c!al fertilizers are better than other
manures for melons. A fertilizer com-
posed of the following Ingredients may
therefore be employed: Nitrogen, 3
ar cent, available nhooahoric acid, 8
per cent. and potash 8 per cent.
A few weeks before planting time
construct flat hills sufficiently high to
prevent damage to the plants in case
of wet weather. Then apply to each
hill from 1 to 1%y pounds of the above
f-rtilileri scatter it over a apace 4 to
5 feet across and mix well with the
soil.
Any time during the latter half of
May or the first week of June the hills
nray be properly loosened up and the
melon seed planted. For late melons
the 7th of June is a good time to plant.
In lieu of the above fertilizer, the fol-
lowing ingredient may be procured and-
compounded. I give the quantities
necessary to make 100 pounds, but
any other quantity can be prepared:
Nitrate of soda, 11 pounds; acid
lhosphate 46 pounds; Ialnit, 43
pounds.
Apply from 1 to 1/% pounds to a hill,
the same as above.
In lieu of kalnit, muriate or sulphate
of potash may be employed. To make
100 pounds, with either one of the said
elements substituted for kainit, the fol-
lowing quantities will be required:
Nitrate of soda, 16 pounds; acid phos-
phate 67 pounds, muriate or sulphate
of potash, 17 pounds.
100 pounds of this grade is equiva-
lent to nearly 147 pounds of either of
the above and the application should
be regulated accordingly.
The cultivation should be thorough
without disturbing the vines to any
great extent with a plow after thUy
commence running. The crust on the
blln and beneath the vines should be
broken after every rain with a long,
narrow l:ght blade constructed for the
Durpose, taking proper care not to in-
jure the vines. The grass and weeds
can thus be easily kept in subjection
until the first crop of melons gets half
grown.
The above plan is of course practical
for medium and late melons only.


In the same way pumpkins can beT
iltItl nd cultIvated jointly withFOR PROFIT AND PLEASURE


corn to great advantage. By giving
the corn a few w heke the start necca-
bary cultivation will not injure the
vines. Bryan Tyson.
Hallison, N. C.

If you wish paying results advertise in
the Agriculturist.


CHEAP COLUMN
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 2 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
JAMAICA SORREL--(Roselle) plants 2 doz.
25c, large 20. doz.; extra large Oc. doz,
moas packed, postpaid. seed 10c pack.; 2c.
o; nc. E. THOMPSON, Avon, Park,
Florid a 18-20
FOR SALE-A few thousand Carney Parson
Brown Orange, Marsh Seedless and Wal-
ters Grape Fruit Eye Buds. $5 per thou-
sand. B. L. CARNBY, Lake Weir. Fla. 2
FOR SAL--Selected seed velvet beans at 81
per single buohcl. tRduction on larger
amounts on cars at Candler. W. H. De-
LONG, Candler. Fla.
JAM AICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25c per dozen. Good sized plants ready
now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale, Flor-
ida. 15-tf
300 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make
your choice. White and Brown legho-is,
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff
of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cata-
logue and price list free.
5tf. E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
VILLA LAE URS IES.
Fruitland Park, Lake Co., Fa.
Offers for July planting S varieties of 2 and
3 year citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address, C. W. FOX, Prop.
13-tf
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
qesfruit Trcca. 1,50 budded Box iT.
Orlando, Fla.. 4k!
FOR SALB-A few trios of Buff Plymouth
Rocks; asso eggs from two yards, not re-
ated. Mrs. F. R. HASKINS. Mannville, Fla.
7-26
WE HAVE complete list American
Manufacturers. Can buy for you at low-
est prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
insB, banllorna, nouhntnro wlnindmlla or
anything Wanted. Correspondence solic-
ited.
American Trades Agency.
Jacksonville, Fla. 6tf
OUR VELVET BEAN HULLER is in
OPERATION.
Arrangements are perfected for -loing
your work promptly: our capacity be-
ing twenty bushels an hour. Get your
beans in early and we will store them
for you free of charge. Our charge for
hulling is but 15c. a bushel for the beans
after they are hulled, 60 pounds to the
hushel.-E. 0. PAINTER & CO., DE-
LAND. FLA. 6tf.
rlIF SID B. SLIGHT CO.. \Wholrelerg of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
t38 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
47t.


BOUR BALIU4100 Z eL. Bight agrve of
high pine land near DreLand Junction; 5
tcres cleared, three acres of which are
in grove, the balance of the tract is in
timber. Small house and a well on the
nlace. Address, T. M. H., Care Agricul-
turist, DeLand, Fla. ty

filE U S LIV) STOCK BEMEDY has prov
ed mott efficient in preventing and curing
flog and Chicren Cholera and kindred dis-
eases. It is a a fine condition powder.
ales are increasing If your dealer don't
keep it we will mai it to you on receipt of
prte, !6e pee r1 1,, Liblrol dwv.ount to dral-
era. ISAAC MORGAN, Agent, Kissimmee,
Vla. 12tf



YOU KEEP BEES?
No matter-my 64-page Bee Book

Tells ITo-w-
ltirill inta eR and ilnirn -ou.a T know iti
Wi i. It' free. wrlt# dlty--tlh~ honey sea-
son's coming J. 11.Jeuklnks,Wetumpka,
Alabama 12-4

The Practical
AND SIMPLE
BARBED WIRE
PENCE BUILDER.
PRICE $.oo2. .
V. SCHMELZ,
SylvanLake, Fla
"Certificate Am. Inst. Fair."


BUY ONLY


GRIFFIN'S

Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultry.
HI6e1 sT QUALITY. LowwnET fPlcBs.
Freight Prepald on Trees and Seed,

Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
A SP OIALTY.
All the Standard Varieties of Orange, Lemon 1 Grape Fruits in
stock. Also a complete aaportment of tile best varieues of Peaches, Plums.
Japan Persitmmons, Pears, Apples, Mullwrries, Figs, Pecans, Grapes, Or-
namental trees, Roses, etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
The most extensive propnlting establishment in the Iower (outb.
Largest and most complete catalogue published In the South, listing a
complete liue of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon applies-
tion. Add rca.

THE GI1FFING BROS. CO., ^J A N.
City Office and Grounds. 1149 Main .t.



Farmers' Attention 1

SPECIAL
SPRING
GOOD0

Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
GIEORGIA STOCKS.
8PR 4 YING OUTFITS,
an8 evepYthing in Ci.r. e ad ram ImplomenB and Supplfl
Poultry Netting %*-Wt"., -.Columbia Bicycles


CARR -HA PAINT,

GEO. H.


CHA TER OAK STOVES,
1140N Pi[PF, BOILEHS AND PUMPS
WRITE FOR PRICES.
FE-'NALD, .anford, Florida.


OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.


"SAVANNAH LINE"

PART RAIL, PART SEA.

FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
S. FROM

FLORIDA TO NEW YORK.

BOSTON AND"" EAST.

SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, GEORGIA.
Then e via Ship. sailing; Irom Savannah, Pour Ships each week to New York a nd Two
to Boston All ticket agen ti and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write
lor general info; motion. .i;:ng schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
E. H. HINTON. Traflle .sr.. WALTER HAWKMans, 1em. Agt.,
avannIan. OnR U2 W. Bay st., Jal6IaBv6ille. Pla


SPECIAL UNTIL JULY 1, 1900.
To reduce ofr enormous stock of pot-grown plants, consisting of
S about halt a-million Tropical and Semi-Tropical Fruit trees, Bcono-
r nmical Medicinal, an- Useful lar.ts and trees, Bambov, Conifkrs.
Sra ns and Cycads. paern. Mlsrellaaose as.Ial s In-f W.sai s,
aEhbri a. and downing plants, we will until JULY PIRST offer any
0 .and all at a rash discount of 33 1-3 per cent flm .ur list prices
a when order amounts to $1.00 and over. byexpress orfreigh; if plants
are wanted by rail, a discount of20 percent only will be allowed.
We have a large stock of such plants as guavas, mangoes sapodillum,
star-arples, cherimovas, laquats. camphor, etc.. etc.. all healthy and
tree from insets. On 'itrus stock we can only allow nst al discount
o of 20 per cent., when order amounts to *0.00 or over. Send for ele-
gant catalogue, most complete published in the Mouth iree) and get
some barxn RgBa80BONi B OP., Oneco, Florida.


-" p


ME


LYL P- i ----'








298 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


HOUSMHOLD DEPARTXENT.

Address all communications to the
Household Department, Agriculturist,
PtLRRal, VIla.

A HELPFUL COUiER.

Needles and Thread.
Many expert seamstresses do not
know there are three kinds of needles
made for sewing on cotton cloth, says
rn exchange. The vast majority of
x,-edleg uoea in domestic sewlnc arc
:he long needles, or "sharps." Besides
these needles the manufacturer makes
"ground downs," a somewhat shorter
needle, and betweenns" a quite short,
thick needle.
As we said, the majority of women
use the sharp. It is more convenient,
however, ft6 WOlM9D With small hands
and consequently short fingers to use
the "ground downs." Children should
be taught to sew with "ground downs"
or betweenns" which do not bend easi-
ly. Women with stout, short hands
usually use betweenns" which are gen-
erally kept in stock at ordinary shops
for a few customers. The "ground
down" needle Is found in city shops.
Sewing schools lay out the ordinary
paper of twenty-five mixed needles, as
followna They sesgn1ir the three No.
5 needles at the center suitable for on-
ly the coarsest sewing, like putting on
ihe buttons of coats and many other
purposes. The No. 6 needles are for
sewing on very coarse materials. No.
Sand No. 8 needles are for coarse mus-
Vn sewing and general dressmaking.
Nu. 8 6o uoed fvr firS'y IUstal noam
using, and No. 9 for fine muslin. No.
10 is used for the finest hemming on
cotton, though for sheer cambric hem-
ming there are No. 11 and No. 12.
The size of cotton used in sewing cot-
ton cloth depends upon the size of the
thread of the cloth. Nos. 70 and 80 are
the sizes mostly used in hemming cot-
ion underwear. Nos. 60 and 70 are the
cottons used in hemming table linen
and linen or cotton sheeting, and pillow
or bolster cases.
-?F liuttonnoles on white mualin une
a No. 8 needle and No. 46 cotton, if you
would accomplish your work with the
greatest speed and in the most skilful
manner. There are many special shapes
In needles. The triangular shaped
reedle of the saddler is useful in the
household for sewing leather. This is a
ctinvnient needle to ns in sawi n ?n
shoe buttons. In darning stockings,
use a moderately large needle, with a
long eye. Too long darning needles are
in the way of work. Try to use tools
that are most suitable for the purpose
tor which they are needed, if you
nould do your work expeditiously. A
great deal of time is foolishly lost by
the use of inferior tools. The best
needles and best thread will do the
work which is to be done so mucn
iore rapidly and satisfactorily, and
are to be found at so low a price, that
it is an unwarrantable expenditure of
time and trouble to use anything else.

A Thrifty Georgia Woman.
The Chicago Times-Herald describes
the occupation of a young Georgia wo-
man who last year cleared $1,200 on
ter canned vegetables and dried fruits.
Larly in the season she realized that
the peach crop was a failure, so she
canned tomatoes and corn to make up
the deficiency. She began her novel
ork three years ago, when her cotton
crop failed to bring good returns. Her


peach trees were laden with fruit, and
she recognized the fact that it would
be wasted unless something could be
done to utilize it. She considered the
Imaltter far Tsy" l dt?" ""dn1 then went
to the nearest town and consulted
fruit dealers about buying her fruit.
One grocer suggested a cannery, and
said that he would give her orders if
sbe would make her labels attractive
and sell her products at a reasonable
figure. She investigated canning es-
itblishments, ordered her cans and la-
brls, and notified all the women in the
neighborhood that she would not only
buy all the fruit they could spare, but
that she would hire assistants. The
first year of her venture she cleared
$t530, her outlay being $260. Every
spring before the fruit season she vis-
its the merchants in her territory and
easily receives the orders that sie can
tlL

Fancy Jellies.
It is well to remember that the sugar
used in preserving fruits for winter
meets a need of cold weather, and is
better on the score of health than fresh
fruit could be, unless abundance of su-
gai were used on it. Inexpensive jel-
L.cs can be made for the table of. apple,
pear, peach or quince peelings. Any
or tnese jelies may be tii&id il utttUi-
ftul green or gold, or carmine, by use of
a few drops of "vegetable colorings" in
the proper hue. Those sold in bottles
by the best dealers in confectioners'
supplies in our cities are the only "col-
otings" that are safe and do their work
'-uoosafullr. ome housekeptDers make
an excellent spinach green, but others
do not succeed with the same rule. It
requires great care. The French colors
we have spoken of are perfectly harm-
irss and cost but 2: (cents a bottle.
Tiese brilliant colored jellies are pret-
th for decorative desserts. They can be
whipped up with the white of an egg
indl sugar, or used as a layer under a
meringue.
They also make a very attractive
looking dessert arranged with layers of
blane mange. Serve this dessert with
whipped cream or a Kauce of bulled
custard.-New York Tribune.

Good Recipes.
Steamed Salmon.-Take a two-pound
can of salmon, remove the bones and
skin. Soak two cups of bread crumbs
Ill two CuDa of hot mili, add two table-
spoonfuls of butter and one-half teas-
poonful of salt. Mix with the salmon
icry thoroughly, add two well-beaten
eggs, put in a buttered basin and
steam one hour.
Make a dressing of one tablespoon-
ful of butter, one tablespoonful of
Hour, one cup of milk and tlih liquor
drained from the salmon. Turn the
steamed salmon from the basin bottom
side up on a garnished piatter and
pour over the dressing.
Muffins.-Two cuns of flour, two
small teaspoonfuls of baking powder,
a pinch of salt, two eggs, water to
make a batter. Bake in deep muffin
pans.
Whole Wheat Bread.-Set yeast,
make a sponge; when it rises knead in-
to a hard loaf, exactly as you would


the oranges. Arrange on plates with
hlttuce leaves, pour over the salad
dressing and place pieces of English
walnuts on top. Try lemon juice in-
steoad of vinegar in making the dress-
ing.
Delicious Chocolate Cake.- Take two
MAjsuares or 2 ounces of Baker's choc-
late; either shave or melt it. then
mix with one cup of brown sugar, one-
a lf cup of milt and one beaten egg;
boil till creamy, and allow to cooL
Rub together one cup of brown su-
g:a and one-half cup of butter; add
two beaten eggs, one-half cup of sour
milk, one level teaspoonful of soda
(dissolved in a little hot water) two
cups of flour; stir in the chocolate
when cold and beat the batter thor-
oughly. Bake in a moderate oven
three-fourths of an hour.
For frosting take one cup of granu-
l:tted sugar, five tablespoonfuls of
aweet milk, boil five minutes or till it
forms in cold water, then beat till it is
creamy.

oo9bg EggB-
Just a hint for dainty desserts will
t.lso suggest a numberless variety
stormed from slight changes in the flav-
oring, coloring and manner of serving
the plain custards, souffles, etc., says
a writer in Country Gentleman. For
a plain souffle stir two tablespoonfuls
each of butter and flour into a smooth
paste with a little milk; then add to it
gradually a cupful of boiling milk and
took it about eight minutes, stirring
often. Beat the yolks of four eggs
) ith fthbaHt b ilf epfrl tf engar and
a little nutmeg and add to the cooked
mixture. Then add the whites of the
four eggs beaten to a stiff froth and
lake the suffle in a buttered pudding
dish for twenty minutes in a moderate
c '-en. Serve hot with a creamy sauce.
The well-known floating island is
Much elaser to prepare than most
young housekeepers suppose. A plain
< ustnrd is made, using the yolks of the
eggs, and flavored to taste. Then the
whites are beaten to a stiff froth and
sliDDed carefully into a large pan of
iot water. It should almost Bo11, But
ic', quite. In three or four minutes it
can be skimmed out and set on top of
Ith custard. After it is in place orna-
tunt with dabs of jelly, and a very ap-
iptizing dish will be the result.
The delicious dish known as "snow
halls" may be made thus: Heat one
pint of fresh milk until it is almost
boiling, then flavor it with orange wa-
ter; have the whites of six eggs beaten
to a stiff froth and drop it into the hot
milk in large spoonfuls, turning them
over carefully so they will swell. Skim
them off as soon as they are done and
plie them on a plate; then strain the
milk, sweeten it to taste, add the beat-
en yolks of the eggs, and cook the cus-
tard until it is creamy; then pour it
tllor thl Nnowballs.
But as well as these special dishes
and fancy desserts prepared from eggs,
one must give careful attention to their
lain cooking for breakfast and lunch-
con." A fried egg is just as wholesome
as a poached onw, if it is properly
dlno,." was the startling announce-
iient of a prominent physician the oth-


for white bread; let it rise again and er day. To fry properly, the fat must
knead into loaves. Place only one loaf be smoking hot and the food drained
in a baking pan. When light bake till on absorbent paper-no sort is better
thoroughly done. tIhan the coarse yellow-brown paper
Salad.-Divide six oranges into sec- used in meat shops. That is the whole
tions and cut each section into three s.ecret.
pieces, slice four bananas and mix with Eggs are among the most valuable of


our resources in providing for children.
For them, as for adults, it is not possi-
ble to prescribe the best method of
cooking. One doctor says they should
in rely be allowed to "set" by standing
.u hot waterW. Another inollo il ieim'S
to) drop them into boiling water and
boil rapidly for 20 minutes, or until the
yolk is like powder. Poaching is in-
s.sted upon by others, whereas the per-
sonal experience of the writer is that
itey are far more indigestible done in
that way than in any other. It seems,
inl short, a matter of Inlvlitiual Idliosyn
cracy as to the method best suited to
each. An admirable method, not gen-
erally known, is steaming them in an
egg-boiler, under which there is a re-
versible cup for alcohol, so that they
mity be timed exactly and can be cook-
ed hard or soft, according to taste.

OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr, -7, Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowled-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varlcocele
and stricture, without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
cases. In the treatment of kos of
Vital forces, Nervous Disorders, Kid-
ncr and Urinary C'9mplnints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning. Rheumatism, Ca'
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women.
lie is equally successful. Dr. Hath
away's practice is more than double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
c!ans, readily yield to his treatuime
irite I1tm todanfly furllTrI A t rg ?
case. He makes no charge for consul-
tation or advice, either at his office or
by mail. 3. Newton Hathaway, M. D.
25 Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.

To build barbed wire fence, you
need the Fence Builder advertised in
this paper by V. Schmel,. Sylvan
Lake, Florida. You save the cost
of it in one day's use. For unreeling
wire without carrying the spool and
stretching, and for reeling wire quick-
ir and aasil, ono man does the work
of four by the old method. It will last
a life-time. It stretches wire beyond
the last post and pushes the post
against brace. Adjustable to any po-
sition. Weight only 30 pounds. Send
for circular.

INFORMATION QON PHBTo RICO.
Captain A. C. Hansard having had
six years experience in Porto Rico and
being interested in orange culture and
other products offers information to
persons contemplating a move to the is-
land. No charges of any description
Address San Juan, Porto Rico.

Johnnie Coker, a small white boy,
came near losing his life by drowning
hl~~dp afternoon about 5 o'clock.
in the river, off Phillips & Fuller's
wharf. Young Coker, with two small
companions. was sitting on the dock
thing when the portion of the timbers
on which they were sitting gave way,
precipitating the boys into the water.
(< pain J. A. Munn succeeded In rescu-
ing the boys. Coker who was the last
pIulled out, had a very close call indeed.
He was unconscious when rescued,
and required considerable treatment
to bring him around. The other two
I oys were uninjured, except that they
got a thorough d(PAign.-Talpa Tri-
bune.






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 290


POULTRY DZPABIXENT.

Address all communications to Poul-
t y Departmeut, Box 2UU, DeLaud, rila.

Interesting Information About Guin-
sa&
I have been a breeder of white and
the old-fashioned speckled guineas for
number of years. The speckled guin-
-as are very wild, and have a habit of
hiding their nests in the woods and
Lelds. They do not grow very large,
weighing from three to six pounds.
Shey have a dark sklin and flegb, which
many poultry fanciers do not favor,
but many lovers of dark meat think it
perfect.
The white guineas are larger than
the speckled, and are not so wild, of-
ten staying with chickens, and laying
in their nests; but I once had six
speckledd hens which laid in a nest
i.ade for them in a clump of flowers
hard by the house while my whites
went a quarter of a mile to lay.
The speckled guineas are the best
layers, often laying 200 eggs a year.
'he whites do not lay over 100 to 150,
int they make up for it in the market,
fot they have yellow skin and plump-
er bodies-which makes them no better
than the dark, except in appearance.
Some people still hold to the old say-
ings that guinas are "hard to raise,"
"not fit to eat," and that the eggs must
not be touched with the hand, lifting
them with a silver spoon, but I am sure
the readers of The Stockman and Far-
n:er will not believe all that. I do not,
anyway, for I have found out by the
"hard teacher" that they are as easily
raised as chickens, having had guinea
iw\ns raise fine guineas without any
feed at all, being left to run after the
Itrst week. At the same time I raised
fi-'er guineas with the same care as
turkeys, and the best way is to take
the same care as of young turkeys,
giving plenty of hard-boiled egg and
curd until about two weeks old, then
they will do well on the same care as
thickens.
Young guineas, as turkeys, must not
te allowed to get wet until quite well
weathered.
I have also found that guineas are a
better table fowl than chickens, equal
to any turkey, goose or duck that eve,
grew, having a very fine wild flavor.
.nud the egg theory, it's all nonsense.
There is one more saying which I
I now to be true: "They will keep
lawks away," so those who are both-
ered with hawks will find them much
less trouble than steel traps, shotguns,
Lte., with better effect and more profit.
They have a very fine, loud voice,
which frightens the hawks, and some
people say they predict rain but I can-
not say. although I have noticed that in
't.ft weather or in a nice April show-
er they seem to think singing in their
line.


buying guineas in the spring, as they S E E D! SE E D
mate in the fall. I have never knownSEE a *


of any person who had eggs hatch of
t:ns mated with cocks in spring. Al-
ways buy in the fall before mating sea- j
son, which can easily be told by the
liilhting of the cocks. One more thing
Vvme dte bnt knew in that there must
hie one male for every female
A very good guinea, better than ei-
ther white or speckled, is the cross of a
white male and speckled female. This
guinea is very large, a good layer and
not very wild, but not good for market,
.is their backs are speckled and breasts
white; so is their skin-back dark,
breast yellow and almost an orange
sometimes. Some people think when
they first see them that they are sick,
1 ut they will find yellow skin for white
feathers, and dark for dark every time.
Some guineas having the same size,
color and shape, have different shaped
v.attles, and some different colored, be-
ing yellow instead of red.
But that is just a matter of fancy.
A very peculiar habit of guineas is
tl.eir laying all in one nest. Nests
with forty to sixty eggs are common on
a farm where many guineas are kept.
They have paths leading to and from
their nests, which makes them easy to
find.
The male guinea always stands near
ihe nest and keeps guard while the
hen is laying, and when danger comes
near he warns the hen, which slips
quickly away, then when you see them
going away running after bugs you
think there is no nest there.
The hen also goes away from the nest
to cackle.
In early spring, If your guineas are
not too wild, take an egg (guinea egg)
and put in a nest in some sheltered
spot, and your guineas will go there to
lay-that is if you make it look Ike a
guinea's nest.
If you want your hens to lay long in
one nest, don't take any more than one-
Lalf or one-quarter of the eggs at one
time, and if the nest is not disturbed
too much they will lay for half the
summer.
The egg of the guinea is equal to one
and one-half chicken eggs.-National
Stockman.

State of Ohio, City of Toledo, Lucas
County, ss.
Frank .J. Cheney makes oath that he
i- senor partner of the firm of F. J.
(heney & Co., doing business in the
city of Toledo, County and State afore-
said, and that said firm will pay the
umn of ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS
for each and every case of Catarrh r
that cannot be cured by the use of
lall's Catarrh Cure.
FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before me and subscribed |
in my presence, this (ith day of Decenm-
lier, A. ID. 1SS;. A. W. Gleason,
Seal. Notary Public.
IIail's Catarrh is taken internally,


C-
Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gaines-
ville to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special induce ents to pur-
chasers of Seed Oats, Seed Potatoes, Velvet Beans, etc.


I HAVE

N-a800 POUNDS-

ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE SEED
READY FOR DELIVERY.


Address all orders and Inquiries to

P. F. WILSON, Jacksonville, Florida.
&*


MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.
Q6E6 OO6 Pseaoeurr er vire
Sr To mna i le s t onnao.
lorica AIta .I tlioLiswilh ste amenrs leave


New York I, Jacksonwile (Union de
pot) Thursdays t:20 a. m
Ph ila- tF. (. & P. By.) or Fernan
dina IO 0p. m., via Cum
delphia & brand bteaner; meal
eF. IoI0(. or "all rail" 1i
Boston Plaunt Sbltem at i:45p. m
ar. BrunDwlck I1:40 p. M
Ll Dte' e On arriiai gc
Front Brunswick direct to lngdlrcty aboard tlean
New York. r.
PROPOSED SAILING8 for ah 1o00.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK. DIEC TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY AS FOLLOWS.:
S. S. RIO GRANDE ...... ................... .. ...... ..Friday, March O.
S. S. COLORAD,.. ................. ........ .......Friday, March 10.
RIO GRANDE..... ... ..... ........... .. ....Friday, March 23.
S. S. COLORADO .......... .... ........ ..........Friday, March 30.
SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO BRUNS\VICK, STEAMERS LEAVE PIER t
"-. R.. EVERY FRIDAY, 3:00 P. M.
For general information, steamers, trains, rates, etc., apply to
IAS IL GILL, a.iv Street. Jacksonville Fla.
H. H. Raymond. General Southern Agent, Brunswick, Ga.,
C. H. Mallory & Co.. general AellP,. Iier 20. R. and V3 Broadway, 34. Y.


rIERWROYAL PILLS
Original and Only AmleA
SrAFE fal wysreliable. f D ia-k e
nd in Bed i.d f
ssseated with blue rilb- Ta. Tekew
"a eher.tfbe ds.q.. Rfasao


Anyone going into the guinea busi- and acts directly on the blood and mu- s.r or lai e. 't. a"
Bess must remember that they do not ous surfaces of the system. Send for .. .7t
lay in winter, and that too much grain testimonials. free. I4 cSDrgis. PILA.e
is not good, neither in winter nor sum- F.J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
wIer; and that they should not be shut Sold by all druggists, 75 cents. i '
in yards, as they will not do so well. Hali's Family Pills are the best. i I P' I It
Some farmers do not like guineas. R-kfE IT *u1'
a-id say they destroy too much grain, Joseph F. Francis, who has long THE DARKEST EIGHTS
but as I said before, grain is not a guin- been assigned to duty at the life- rstoc isae if fnced wOith PaSe Stock Fn
PAGE WOVg1I WIRE FENCE CO., ADNIAS, NICE.
e; food, and they do not like it. Just saving station on Santa Rosa Island.
watch them in the grain fields. You recently received notice of his transfer i
see them Jumping up, you say they are to the Sabine Pass station and left Fri. o
destroying grain, but they are not, day for that port. No one has yet been eBtS WNcg E ALL UEsr ssv
they are destroying bugs. stationed as his successor here.-Pen- ntima Soldby
Some people make a great mistake In g.eola Press UilUi


1-


r-


Track. HIT. Coat. catt
P at0lO~ ad COaatsa caes
Peuzfizjrtteanesuoa toeepal
SUaticfacn G..oranzed.
JLES C MAROC%
ion a. Campio a8
DALTZ"Rik -a


I








0oO THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


COLONEL JESJUP.

The sharp sound of horses' hoofs
ranging against the level, sun-baked
road roused Mandy Jesup from a state
of hopeful abstraction, and leaning
from her low seat in the door she shad-
ed her eyes with her hands and peered
anxiously out up the winding path.
A young man on a stout "cane tac-
ky" (Creole pony) parted the brushes
and alighted without a word.
"Well, 'BRah?" interrogated Mrs.
Jessup; then as he shook his head de-
jectedly, "sho'ly they ain't goin'--"
"Taln't any use wastin' yo' breath
questlonin' Man," Amariah interrupt-
ed, sinking into the chair his mother
had just vacated, "they air goin' clear
against us!"
"Well," ejaculated Mrs. Jessup with
indignation, as she hung 'Rtah's hat
on a nail in the whitewashed wall.
"Well, well! an' you ar ole Zach Jes-
sup's own gran'chile by his second
wife-why their ain't no jestis in Mis-
sissippi, if the Ifyers can't see with
one eye that it's all yourn"
"I was kinder hopeful at fust, but
soon I saw other wasn't any chance
for me; Judge Gary is all for Cunnel
Jessup's claim an I'm no whar'!
"'Riah f'you had a little change ter
slip inter the jury's hands you'd git
thar too," Insinuated Mrs. Jessup.
"Lawsy! how you skeered me!" she
shrieked, as Amariah's clinched fist
came down on the table with a crash.
"Don't say any mo'! I've got no mon-
ey, an' If I had wouldd never go dis-
honestly! This shanty little is mean
enough," looking sadly around at the
dirty walls and wretched furniture,
"but it's come by honestly."
"You're right 'Riah, an' don' fret
'bout Lissy! Ther's ez good fish in the
river es ever was caught; If she's too
fine for yo' place why the's the Spin-
ner gals is handy an'-well, I never
if he ain't gone off in the heat o' the
day!" as Amariah impatiently jerked
his gun from the rack, and pulling his
slouch hat down over his eyes, hurried
away from his miserable home which
resembled a chicken coop set up on
pegs to avoid high water.
He pushed through the bending
canebreak, cracking the fallen stalks
under his feet, roughly tearing aside
the poisonous red and yellow vines
that clung to him, heedless of the
gray moss that brushed his cheek as
he passed under the wateroaks, and
the wild ducks that, frightened by his
footsteps, flew up from the swamp
with hoarse cries.

"I am certainly glad," Judge Gary
was saying, that we have succeeded
in wresting that fine old place from
the grasp of those shiftless, down-
stream Jessups; it was really a duty
we owed society in general to decide
against them!"
"Dam'me, sah! you hand on that!"
energetically from the colonel. "An'
you may be sho', sah, if I see him
loan' 'round Lissy any mo' I'll kick
Lim aff!, so!" and the Irascible colonel
administered a sharp rap on the
judge's iugust shin.
"Softly, softly, colonel!" cried that
gentleman, rubbing his bruised mem-
ber, "don't do anything to arouse the
young lady's anger-I am afraid I
have already offended her in some
way."
"Hang it, no, sah! She's jest like all
girls-devilish skittish when a man's


'round! She sho'ly ought to respect a
gentleman that has saved a piece of
property IRe that for nor ole dad. an'
dam'me if I think she cares a picay-
une! Anyhow, she's yours by tomor-
row evening' as soon as that place is
put pointedly in my possession," and


Colonel Jessup, waiving a tiresome
discussion, leaned back with closed
eyes enjoying his new-found property.
The judge also indulged in pleasant
meditations, occasionally taking a sip
from the glass at his side as he mused
upon Lissy's tempting red lips and
glowing eyes.
"Evenin', cunnel, evening' judge!"
Both men started from their rever-
ies and looking saw Amariah standing
before them.
The colonel's face was purple with
anger and astonishment while a sar-
donic grin sped across the lawyers
thin features.
"Well, 'Riah, is yo' bis-ness press-
ing?" asked the colonel sarcastically.
As he straightened his round figure
Amariah looked from one to the un-
sympathetic face and his own flushed
painfully.
"My biz-ness is mo' private than
pressing' cunnel," he answered with
dignity after a pause.
"Well, you couldn't be mo' private
than with me an' Jedge Gary."
"My biz-ness have nothing' to do with
Judge Gary; it's-about-Lissy!" he
jerked forth with so visible an effort
that great drops of perspiration stood
out on his forehead which he wiped
away with a large plaid handkerchief.
"Oh, as to that-if it's 'bout Lissay,"
chuckled the colonel, with a knowing
wink at the judge, "Jedge Gary has
a half interest there, too, mind, edge,
I've only said half to-day."
Anmariah's limbs were stiff and tired,
I ut he would not sit down uninvited,
and now an angry gleam shot from his
dark eyes.
"I see you air very sho' of my gran-
father's place, cunnel, an' much joy
may you have-for whatever is come
by honestly is bound to oe enjoyed."
"Hump!" growled the colonel, "who
told you to come here with your impu-
dent, known' talk!"
"Avery Solon," giggled the judge.
The young man felt that he was not
pushing his suit with policy, but his
blood was decidedly up.
"You may sneer, jedge, an' you, cun-
nel, may laugh, but as sho' as thar's
a God in heaven that plantation is
mine! an' but for kinks an' law terms.
that us folks can't understand,' thar
wouldn't a' been any suit 'tween my
father an' you! As for Lissy-I love
ter, an' she-she keers for me; but so
long as I have only a po' shelter sich
as mine to offer her, I ain't fit to kiss
the ground' she walks on! God will
help me through-I feel it--an' I
warn you, the Jessup plantation'll
never be yours!"
"What!" yelled the colonel, springing
from his chair and glaring suspicious-
ly at the two men.
"What! I tell you, you lyin' raskil,
that I'm as sartin of that plantation
as I am of the-the-the jedge's hon-
esty," lying a heavy hand threaten-
ingly on the judge's shoulder.
"'An' to show you how sartin I am
I promise you that if tomorrow evening'
that plantation ain't in my possession
you can have Lissy an'-an'-half my
place to boot."
"Softly, colonel," expostulated the
Judge.


"Yes, I mean it," cried the excited
colonel; "you know, edge, I put my
ilrult UIn you; no half-woy mnreuri'
suit me, an' you see I am.mighty sho'
of you, 'cause I never break my word."
"Well, I have your word, cunnel,"
said Amariah, calmly, "an' the jedge
is my witness." Then before either
could speak he had vanished among the
trees.
The moon was at its full when Am-
arah shut and fastened the door of his
little room in the old stable, and so
bright and soft'was the light she gave
that he smothered the feeble flame of
Lis candle till it flickered and went
out; then groping around-on his knees
he found a plank, very loose at one
end, and running his hand along the
edge drew out a small, leather bag
and emptied its contents on the floor
-gold eagles and a handful of silver
the savings of his life. It had seemed
a great deal of money to 'liah, but
now he realized how little it would
buy.
"It ain't much," he muttered, "but
it might do a good deal. If somebody
could get at them law papers-if they
could be burnt-then-then-then-no,
no!" he cried, burying his face in his
hands, "things come by dishonestly
don't do any good; it ain't in me! I
can't cheat and steal!"
Slowly he dropped the pieces one b.
one into the bag and put them back
in their hiding place; but his sleep
that night was disturbed by strange
dreams, and e'er the sun was fairly
up, he had left his bed to breathe the
cool morning air. Idly shouldering his
gun, as was his habit, he once more
turnill his footsteps toward tile Jes-
sup plantation, now gone from him
ft ever.
Colonel Jessup, also desirous of see-
ing his newly acquired wealth by ear-
ly sunrise, had taken his accustomed
-sat on the verandah, field filass in
band, and was surveying the beautiful
wilderness at his leisure.
As Amariah stood looking, it seemed
to himn that the tall willows bent un-'
t'l their heads almost touched the riv-
er; a low, rumbling sound smote his
tars; the willows bent lower, and with
a crash, sank into the river; the gray
old house tottered and trembled, and,
with a hoarse rattle of wood and
stones, was devoured by the greedy
waters.
"My God, the plantation's caving
off!" Amariah gasped as he dashed in-
to the woodland path to the hill Jes-
sus, shouting as he came nearer.
"Bring men-men! the plantation's
caving!" He roused the hands, who
worked with all their might to save
the old cotton gin and its valuable ma-
chinery. Amariah gave orders and
lept himself willingly to the almost
hopeless task, while Colonel Tessup sat
stock still in his chair, holding Lissy's
hand tight in his old clumsy fingers.
In an hour the Jessup plantation had
vanished from earth like a spectre,
and nothing was left to tell of it but a
mass of trees and planks whirling
down to the sea.
"'Riah," called the colonel, faintly,
"you've worked for me this morning'
like my own son, but even nature was
against me, I'm wore out with law-
suits! Lake Lissy if you like an' he'p
ten' this place. Seems to me I'm get-
tin' ole all of a sudden," with a trem-
ulous smile, taking Lissy's hand and
placing it in Amariah's warm clasp.


Result of Grip.

STORY OF A SUFFERING WOMAN
WHOM DOCTORS COULD
NOT CURE.
Mrs. Ollman, of Plttaeeld, N. H., w
Raluced to an Almost Helpless Is-
valia-Cared by Dr. Willims'
Pink Pills for Pale People.
Prom the VaUeiy 2Nmes, PUsfleld, N. H.
This is a story thal will cast a gleam of
hope into the hearts of thousands whose
health has been wrecked by an attack of
grip, that miserable malady which leaves in
ts wake a train of stubborn ailments that
have baffled the skill of learned physicians.
Many will recognize in Mrs. Oilman's
story the exact symptoms of their own cases,
how the nerves gave out, the blood became
reduced to a thin, watery fluid, and the
rapid wasting away of flesh and lor of
strength; how doctors disappointed and
how a cure was almost despaired of. But
she found the great remedy at lat. Read
her glad story:
"Three years ago I was taken with the
gp followed by nervous prostration. I
flesh until I became a shadow of my
former self. My blood
seemed to turn to water
and the least exertion
told on me greatly d it
was with diculty that
I could climb the stairs
in our house. We called
in a doctor and he treated
my case for a long time
but without success. I
tried many kinds of ad.
vertised medicines but
did not meet with any.
thing that benefited me.
One day a friend of ours
who had been taking
AB Uty.E hauatd. Dr. Williams'Pink Pill
for Pale People for rheumatism with great
benefit, prevailed upon me to try the reme-
dy. By the time I had taken half a box I
could see marked results. My complexion
was better and my appetite began to return.
I took nine boxes and steadily regained my
health and weight. During this time the
only medicine that I took was Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills and I attribute my cure entirely
to them, I always keep I box in the house
for I believe them to be the best onic in the
world."
(Signed) Mas. BLLE S. GILMAN.
Subsribed and sworn to before me this
4th day of October, 1899.
NATT L. CRAM, Jutice ofthe Peac.
All the elements necessary to give new life
and richness to the blood and restore shat-
tered nerves are contained, in a condensed
form in Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale
People. They are also a specific for troubles
peculiar to females, such as suppressions,
irregularities and all forms of weakness.
They build up the blood, and restore the glow
of health to pale and allow cheeks. In men
they effect a radical cure in all cases aria-
ing from mental strain,over-work or excesses
of whatever nature. Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills are sold in boxes (never in loose bulk)
at 50 cents a box or six boxes for $2.50, and
may be had of all drugeists, or direct by
mail from Dr. Will u'm Medicine Comp y,
lohenectady N. Y.


After a moment's silence, during
which he seemed almost asleep, Colo-
uel Jessup half rose from his chair,
gazed with startled eyes at the seeth-
ing river, where once had been his ev-
try thought, then with a low moan,
fell back lifeless in Amariah's arms,
The river had taken from him the
hope that made the old man's heart
beat, and now it lay at rest forever.

The corn chosen for seed should be
gathered when dry and stored in a dry
place.


Artistio -

MONUMENTS
X aCUTID IN........
r" LA ITT DUs81IO OF

MLarble

and Granite.


ror% Pmrtirag - -
I or rn eterv and &on enclosur,

All work guaranteed. Prices reason .e.
Correspond with :: ::
GEO. R. NICHOL. d CO.
N Harrison Street,


rAmPA *


S LOMDA.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


PEN AND SCIBBOBS.

Some historical trees have lately
come into the New York lumber market
from the Wilderness battlefield of the
civil war. The bills of lading showed
that the trees had been felled and the
lumber sawed there. In some of the
planks the minie balls can be seen
plainly, the wood directly adjacent to
the bullets being discolored or rotten,
but not enough to damage the lumber.

The Philadelphia Record tells about
a relic factory hidden away in a clump
of trees near Gettysburg. The value
of this year's production will amount to
$20,000, and it consists of "old bullets,
old cannon balls, soldier buttons, buck-
les, swords, pieces of bone and sabret-
asches, all of course, of a very ancient
and worn appearance. These are the
cheaper products. There are besides,
in the finer and more costly lines,
Testaments bored through by bullets,
love letters burned by powder and
stained dark with blood, skulls with
big leaden bullets lodged neatly in the
e3c sockets or the jaw, and the full
uniforms, properly punctured and
bloodstained, of all the officers slain
upon the battlefield. The factory makes
nothing in advance, thus, avoiding
overstocking. It only runs on orders.
a.d by night the customers call for
their goods. They are the innkeepers,
the grocers, the saloonkeepers, bankers
and real estate men of the town, and
whenever it is moonlight they may be
seen distributing the rare relies cau-
tiously and judiciously over the field.
Visitors there now are more numerous
than they used to be. It is no longer
usual to poke about all day without
unearthing so much as a single bullet,
and the tourists appreciate this
change.

The Emperor of China has some
strange duties. One of them is the or-
dering of the seasons. In China it is
summer when the Emperor says it is
summer. All domestic arrangements
are made to suit the season, as pro-.
claimed by the Emperor, although they
may not suit the individual at all.

There is more than one way of carry-
ing cigarettes about, as was shown by
soldiers marching in the Dewey land
parade in New York. Cigarettes car-
ried in a closely-buttoned and belted
uniform would be hard to get at. So
some men carried them in their guns;
they were safe there and easy to get at.
When the column halted a solider who
had thus provided himself would tip
18ls gun muzzle forward, and out
slipped a cigarette which he lighted
and smoked in the brief halt. This il-
lustration of the use of a gun for a cig-
arette case never failed to interest the
spectators.

Liberia, having obtained an income
from royalties paid by the English rub-
ber syndicate, Is now again paying In-
terest on her debt of $500,000, on which
she defaulted twenty-five years ago.
The arrears of interest have been
Cleared off by an agreement of the
creditors to receive $75,000 as payment
in full of all the back interest.

The wedding ring which Congress
man J. G. Cannon gave to his bride in
1882 was found by a small boy who
was digging in a dust heap in Tuscola,
Ill. The ring, a plain gold band, had
ben lost for thirty years. It was


thrownn out of the ground by some
" orkmen who were digging a ditch in
the rear of the First National Bank.
It bears this inscription: "J. G. to
Mary, January 6, 1862." W. A. Wal-
lace, president of the bank, bought the
ing from the boy for one dollar and
will send it to Mr. Cannon.

The Emperor William of Germany,
who, it is well known takes a keen in-
terest in the latest inventions and im-
plrovements which are applicable to
military operations, has been studying
the question of applying the automo-
bile in military service, and evidently
considers that it will be of great value,
as he has decided to award a prize of
Y20,000 for the vehicle best adapted to
the purpose. A number of experiments
have been recently made in this direc-
tion, and it is after considering the fa-
vorable results of these tests that the
decision to award the prize was taken.

In Sweden the five annual prizes,
each of the value of $50,000, founded
by Alfred Nobel, will be awarded
shortly for the first time. One of
them is to be assigned to the artist
who has particularly distinguished
himself in promoting by his pictures
the cause of peace. The well known
Russian painter Verestchagin is said
to be a candidate for this "prize of
peace," on the ground that his numer-
ous representations of the horrors of
war must necessarily deter people from
warfare.

There is in New York, a young wom-
an who hangs pictures for a living.
11er novel occupation is both pleasant
and profitable. She finds most of her
customers amonlu pl ople of moderate
means who cannot, like the very weal-
thy, employ a distinguished artist or
first-class decorator for such work.

According to Raffaelli, who recently
visited this country, the artists of Chi-
cago no longer seek inspiration and
authority in Europe, although most of
them have been educated, in part at
last, in Paris. They construct their
ideals, and then follow them out in that
vigorous, businesslike way that is char-
acteristic of American life. This inde-
pendence, this true artistic instinct
will make Chicago one of these days a
great art center.

A curious souvenir is preserved in
the Bank of England in the shape of a
note for 1,000 with which Admiral
l.ord Coclrane, tile grandfather of the
I'lucky present Earl of Dundonald,
paid his fine when he was falsely ac-
cused of spreading, with an interested
object, a rumor that Bonaparte was
dead, in 1814, so as to cause a rise in
the price of stocks. The sum men-
tioned was raised in subscriptions of a
penny by his Westminister constitu-
tits. The note is indorsed with the
unne of the intrepid but ill-used salt,
and has inscribed on it a sentence in
-;vhich lie expresses the hope that one
day he will prove his innocence and
triumph over his accusers. The con-
mllmiiiiiitioio was not effected until eigh-
teen years later, when he was reinstat-
ed by William IV.

Emperor William uses the most di-
versified kinds of letter paper and
changes his style often. The latest
style in use by the Kaiser shows on
the upper left corner the imperial ea-
gle, surmounted by a crown resting up-


and construct a canal and waterway
from a point on the shore of the Carib-
Sean Sea near Greytown by way of
Lake Nicaragua, to near Breo, on
the Pacific Ocean. Such canal shall be
of sufficient capacity and depth as that
it may be used by vessels of the largest
tonnage and greatest depth now in
use, and shall be supplied with all
necessary locks and other appliances
to meet the necessities of vessels pass-
ing from Greytown to Breto; and the
Secretary of War shall also construct
such safe and commodious harbors at
file termini of said canal, and such
provision for defense, as may be neces-
sary for the safety and protection of
said canal and harbors.
"Section 3. That the President shall
cause such surveys as may be neces-
sary for'said canal and harbors, and in
the construction of the same shall em-
ploy sich persons as he may deem ne-


cessary.
-Section 4. That the excavation
and co:istrvcr 'on of said canal, the San
Juan river and Lake Nicaragua, or
such parts of each as may be made
availablee, shall be used.
"Section 5. That in any negotiations
with the States of (osta Rica and Ni-
caragua the President may have, the
President is authorized to guarantee
to said States the use of said canal and
harbors, upon terms as may be agreed
upon, for all vessels owned by said
States or by citizens thereof.
"Section 6. That the sum of $10,000,-
!00, is hereby appropriated, out of any
money in the Treasury not otherwise
appropriated, toward the project herein
contemplated, and the Secretary of
\\ar is further autl'rized to en-
tel' a contract or contracts for
materials and work that may
IN taitIn'il i oItttcery for ti ho prop-
ir excavation, construction, completion
and defense of said canal, to be paid
for as appropriations may irom time to
time be hereafter made, not to exceed
:n the aggregate of $140,000,000.


Corn is undoubtedly the most im-
i, rtant food crop grown in the United
States.


Crop Failures

are practically impissiblb where


on the famous Hohenzollern helmet,
from each side of which fly streamers
bearing the German colors. In one of
his claws the eagle bears the yellow
imperial standard and in the other the
purple flag of the King of Prussia.

The Canal 3Il.
The Nicaraugua canal bill, as it
passed the House is as follows:
"Be it enacted, etc., That the Presi-
dent of the United States be and is
hereby authorized to acquire from the
States of Costa Rica and Nicaragua,
for and in behalf of the United States,
control of such portion of territory now
belonging to Costa Rica and Nicaragua
as may be desirable and necessary on
which to evacuate, construct and pro-
tect a canal of such depth and capacity
as will be sufficient for the movements
of ships of the greatest tonnage
and draft now in use, from a point
near Greytowu on the Caribbean Sea,
':n Lake N.c.Iagua, to Breto, on the
Pacific Oce.n; and such sum as is
necessary to secure such control is
hereby appropriated, of any money in
the Treasury not otherwise appropriat-
ed.
"Sec. 2. That when the President
ias secured full control over the ter-
ritory in Section 1, referred to, he shall
direct the Secretary of War to excavate


flt at am"e Im of Dar-tw.


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Mee'a mi[ta made to erder toem *ss .p. aPm.
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C 9o
f J e-a -r -b style tr Van
TWCkeUdI' 1 1Yilar 1 ,umade of flneel
a,' seal Inches oIN 01, etn .seep, lived
throughout wit =U".l Inab la bla ars voer
elaborately amLrolided with ... .. br and b
beading asillusaed. Trimmed all around withextra
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301


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is used as a fertilizer. .Its use has made
an exact science of crop growing. You
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it is used singly or in proper combina-
tion with other elements of plant food.
Send to John A. Nyew, 12-Y John
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"Foodfor Plants." Nitrate fr sal by
fertiiizer dealers everywhere.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


wrrd I= IGOL.

HIS COMB CROPPED.
"Who was the girl Sommerbee mar-
red?"
"I don't knew her name, but 1 know
she was Irish."
"Oh that accounts for it!"
"Accounts for what?"
"'The sudden cessation of his talk
'about the Angle-Saxon being destined
io rule the world."-Indianapolis Jour-
nal.

ECONOMY IN BOSTON.
Sprockett-Do you ride as much as
you used to doT
Cranker-No; don't have to. Have
found out an easier way. Instead of
riding 50 m.les on Sunday for a record,
I just make my itbi- fl now by lying.
It is much easier and and very much
(heaper.-Boston Transcript.

THESE TREACHEROUS LONG
WORDS.
"Are you quite sure that your orthog-
raphy is absolutely correct?" asked the
old friend.
"I don't know," answered Mrs. Cum-
tox apprehensively. "I hope it'll do. I
don't see how I can find time to start
ia now and study natural history."-
Washington Star.

HOPEFUL OF THE FUTURE.
The Critic-That does not look the
It ast like nature.
The Artist-True enough, no doubt,
l'ut don't you think nature will reach
it some day if it keeps improving?-
I.,dianapolis Journal.

HIS SUSPICION.
"It is said that you have 'been trying
in prirchase support in your enemy's
Swn district."
"Don't you believe it," said Senator
uSrghum. "It's a ruse to bull the vote
i.iarket."-- Washington Star.

THE ONLY ONE.
Grace-Did you see any man on the
excursion steamer who interested you
particularly?
Dorothy (who was a uTfferor from
mnal de mer)--No one but the steward.
-Brooklyn Life.

THOSE MULES.
"General White says they haven't a
trace of those runaway mules."
"No, of course not. They took the
traces with the rest of the harness."-
Cleveland Plain Dealer.

"A WORD TO THE WISE," ETC.
The young man had taken off his
coat and hung his hat carefully on the
hall rack Coming into the parlor, he
.ent to the fif6 anad old hLi hands out
in warm them. The girl waited for
him to speak, but it was evident that
he was a bashful young man and knew
not how to begin the conversation.
Finally he said:
"It was very, very cold last night. I
gil:d at home and hugged the stove all
the evening."
The girl turned her great brown eyes
toward him and said, with Just a tinge
of art in her voice:
"I don't see any use in hugging a
atove."-Baltimore Herald.

HEALTHFUL IGNORANCE.
"Don't you want the water of your
*-ell analysed?" asked the traveling
agent of the chemical ComIBy,
"What fur?" inquired the hale old


If you have it, you
know it. You
know all
about the
heavy feeling
in the stomach, the
Formation of gas, the
nausea, sick headache,
and general weakness of
the whole body.
You can't have it a week
without your blood
being impure and your
nerves all exhausted.
There's just one remedy
fop you .




AIYQr



sarsaparilla
There's nothing new
about it. Your grand-
parents took it. 'Twas
an old Sarsaparilla before
other sarsaparillas were
known. It made the word
"Sarsaparilla" famous
over the whole world.
Thcre's no other sarsa-
parilla like it. In age and
power to cure it's "The
leader of them all."
$1. t a bottle. All drsggtsla.
Ayer's Pills cure constipation.
"After suffering terribly was
induced to try your Sarsaparilla. I
took three bottles and now feel like
a new r.an. I would advise all my
fellow creatures to, try this medicine,
for it has stood the rest of time and
its curative power cannot be ex-
celled." I.D. Goo>
Jan. 30,1899. 1;rowntown, Va.
Wr#rt the BootWr.
If you have ;iny complaint whatever
and ,esiie the b-at ineiecal advice you
ucan po.ibly receive, write the doctor
free v. You will tee.ive a prompt re-
ply, without cost. AIdress,
Da. J. C. AYERK Lowell, Man.



former sitting on the front porch.
"To know whether it is pure and
wholesome or not."
"I reckon not. If there's anything
the matter of it mister, I'd ruther not
know it."
-'How long have you been using it?"
,-.ighty-seven years."
The traveling agent passed on.-Chi-
.ango Tribune.

APPLAUSE AND CRITICISM.
It was after the piano recital, and the
audience was still applauding. There
ntare two linhlis wVmen, though, who
did not clap their hands. But they
commented in tones that were audible
for some distance around thus:
"The poor man! They will make
him play again?"
"Isn't it awful the way the Amerl.
means applaud? "It's so vulgar!"
"Yes; it's the most vulgar tiling tltny
ao."
And the Americans took meekly their
lesson in manners.-New York Com-
niercial Advertiser.

THE CHANGE OF A COMMA.
"Whenever she asks me to do any-
thing," coliloquized Mr. Meeker pen-
sively, "I always go and do it, like a
tool."
"Yes," sawU Mrs. Meeker, Wfh Iap-


PLANT SYSTEM.


THE GREAT THROUGH CAR LINE.

LOCAL SCHEDULE.

North bound. IN EFFECT APRIL 11, 1900. Southbound
uMop pWH Read up.
140 i 17T I 78 32 1 123 1 35 211 _139
S.......... 6 56a 6 30p Lv.. ....Port Tampa.... .. ...Ar ....... 9 30p 830.......
.... 7 17a 6 52p .... ..Tampa Bay Hotel.. .. ... ....... 9 p 8 a.......
....... .. 7 30a 7 0 .... ........Tampa...... .. ....... ....... 9 pi 8 l
....... ..... ....... 4 0p .. ..Punta Gorda .. ... .12 15a. 5 50p| .......
....... ....... 6 00a 7 0Op .. .. .. ...... Bartow.. .. .. ..... ...... 920p a.......
....... ....... 9 10a 8 55p .. .. ...Lakeland..... ....... ...... 7 40p 6 40a .......
.. 29a10 19p ..... ...Kissimmee............ ....... 6 lp 5 a.....
11 10a 10 50p .. ...Orlando... ... ... ... ....... 5 45p 4 39a .......
:. 11 2a 11 00p ".. ...Winter Park.. ....... ...... 5 36p 4 30a....
...... i 2 140 11 40 p .............Sanford.. .... ..... ....... 440p 345a ......
...... ....... U Ou A .. .. : i:: u d Lv. 3 iD..............
....... 12 3p ....... Lv.. .... .... DeLund ...... ..... Ar.. p SB .....
10 D5 35p 3 40p 2 30a '.. .. ..... tk.. .......... ..11 45a 2 00p 1 00e 6 5p
10 52ia 6 22p, 4 34p 3 20a .. Groen Cove Springs.. .. .." 10 52a 1 10p 12 06a 5 Up
12 lOpi 7 20p11 5 45p 4 30a Ar.... ......Jacksonville ..........Lv 9 45ai12 10p 11 00p 4 0Op
I?, -5al.......I ....:. Lv.. .. ....Port Tampa.. .... .....Ar 9930p ....... ....... .......
7 .. Tampa Bay Hotel.. ...... 9 ... ..........
I Ua ....1... .... -. ... .. ....... .s.. ....*o
...... ....... ....... .. ..Punta Gorda. .... 12 a ....... ......
6 UOal ............. ...........Bar taw.. ............ 9 20p .............. ....
15 ............. .. .. ..Lakeland ..........." 730p ....... .........
.... 4a .... 40a .... .. .. ...St. Petersburg.. ...... 10 OOp ......... .......
S7 2 ....... ....... .... .... ....... 9 08p....... .. .....
S2..... ....... ..... .....Leesburg. .... .... 4 20p................
7 Oaj 2 p... ... .. Ocala.. .... ...... 2 40p ......... 9 15p
S0a 4 30p ......... Ar.. .. .....Ga.inesville.. ..... ... Lv 12 0p ....... ....... 6 15p
7 ai :I ....... .... Lv...... ... ainesville.. .. ......Ar 1 S .............. 8 30p
ill0 o(i .i iiAI l 3 !i A ... tlitkt_. ,, .1. "' 1 4 2 0op 1 00 k l6 p
!2 10p| 7 20p1 5 1i,1 4 maiAr.........Jacksonville.. .. ......Lv 9 4a5 12 alp 11 Wp 4 (0p
FROM JACKSONVILLE TO JESSUP. SAVANNAH AND CHARLESTON
S16- 34 I 34 32 I 35 14 1 78 I
l.v Jacksonville. ..........I 500al 7 O 8 0a a 8 00a| 7 45p 7 45pj 7 45p .............
Ar Waycross...... ..............i 6 50a 9 30a 50; 9 55al 9 30 9 4010 p .......
SJesup ... .... .. ..........I 1 8 1a ....... li0 l 10 10 30p10 40p 1 40p ....... .......
Savannah ... ... ... ........1 30al....... 12 1 12 l ) 11 59p1 ....... i 15a ..............
Ar ih irleston.. .. .. ...... ....... 4 ....... l....... 6 la ....... I .......
FROM ClHARLES'TON, SAVANNAH \AND Ji*.,SUP TO JACK SONVILL.
23 I 13 i 3 3 I 33 I 15 I 27 I I
i,v ,charleston...... .. .. ........ il 15p ....... I 14al .... ....... 5 ..............|....... ......1....
SSav nna.h.. .. .... .. .... 2 ... 2 .... I ai 4 6Ua 3 5p 5 00pl. ....... a...
J sup, .. .... .... ...... ...... 4 5 30,a1i t6 ;.|t S 59a1 4 54pI 6 45p ....... ....... .......
S\\aycross ......... .. ... lal 6 0au ; i 0a! 5 5pi 8 05pI 8 4 ............
Ar Jacksonvile ... ... .. ..... 7 3ai 8 30a; 25a11 50a 7 40p110 00p10 40p..............
Jacksonville, Thomasville and Mront- t WiUytopoa and Hirumnwlckt
gomery. Eastbound. Westbound
Northbound Southbound b8 I 'W I 87 | 89
78 3z I S I 27 9.50p[ 7.15a Lv. Waycross Ar( 9.30al 8.00p
7.45p '1.0 k, lvJksonville Ar 7.30a 10.40p ll.30pl10.15a |Ar Brunswick LvI 7.30al 5.00p
10.15p 9.55a.Ar .Waccross ..Lv 5..a 8 40p Waycross and Albany.
12.15a 12.12pAr Vaidosta 3.14a 6.45p Westbound Eastbound.
1..1a| 1.40plAr Thomusvlll LvA Z. a0 s I 1 7 18
8. ., 9.20plAr. Montg'ery .Lv 7.45pll.25a I
0.45pl 10.1talLv. Waycross .ArI 6.45a 7.40p
3.45a 2.10pAr Albany Lv12.01ai 3.45p
Connectio::s Ii.ide at Charleslton with Atianiiic Cuost Line. At Savannah with
Southtln I..w:1 0Llntlal uo Georgia Railway, UOean Steamnsliip Coninlliy y .aiiJ
Merchant. a;iid .Miners Transportation Coimpany. At Jesup with Southern Rail
way. At Montgomery with Louisville and Nashville Railroad and Mobile & Ohis
llailroad, At A.bany with Central of Georgia Railway.
PLANT STEAMSHIP' LINE- St:eamlships Mascotte and Olivette.
Mion., Thurs. and Sat..10.30p....Lv.. Port TampaAr..11.00a Tues., Thurs. and Sun
rues., Fri. and Sun.... 3.W0p....Ar..Key West.... Lv.. 7.OOp Mon., Wed. and Sat.
rues., Fri. and Sun..... 9.Up.... Lv..Key West.... Ar.. 6.00p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
WVed., Sat. and Mon.... 6.5a ....Ar..Havana...... Lv..12.30p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
Steamer leaves Punta Gorda daily except Sunday alt 7.00 a.m., for Captiva Pass,
St. J;t(In :ity, ani'bel Ihland, Punta Ras.4i and Fort Myers. Leaving Fort Myers,
returning. at G.00 a.m. duiny, exePl Sundry.
Information regarding schedules, through car arrangements, reservations, etc.,
nIay be secured upon application to
.. \ %i:,, Passenger Traffic Manager, H. C. McFADDEN, Div. Pass Agt.
a"SilvYaIah. h(a. Jacksonville, Fla.


opened along in time to overhear hlim.
-\Whenever I ask you to do anything
3ou always go and do like a fool."-
Chi-cago Tribune.

THE TROUBLE.
"I want you to tell me plainly, doe-
tcr," said the man with the fat govern-
mrent position, "what is the matter
with me."
"Well, sir," answorte tile old doctre,
leaning back in his chair and looking
at the beefy, red faced patient, "you
are suffering from underwork and
overpay."-Chicago Tribune.

IN AN APARTMENT HOUSE.
Visitor-What's that raiket?
Inmate-That's some fellow getting
a tooth out down stairs in the dentist's
office.
Visitor-Sounds more as if it came
from above.
Inmate-So it does. I guess it's
Youngpop's new baby getting a tooth
ir.-Philadelphia Record.

A STEPFATHER.
"I'ue mnswle de dog," ald Mr. Bra-


tus Pinkley. "An now I'ze waiting "
"For what?"
"To see if dey's winter go do res' 'o
tie way and see to de puhttection o' us
Ihuman bein's. Ef dey'll fix up some
way o' muzzlin er hin' feet o' er mule,
dey'll sho'ly stop er heap o' damage."-
Washington Star.

A MERCANTILE VIEW.
"Posterity Will appreelate me," said
the earnest statesman.
"That's all right," answered Senator
Sorghum. "But the trouble about pos-
terity Is that it always pays the cash
dividend to somebody else."-Washing-
ton Star.

A WARNING TO FRANCE.
"Prance has taken forcible posses-
sion of Kwang-Chau-Wan bay."
"This may be one of those cases
where she'll find she's trying to Chau
Wan more than she can swallow."
Cleveland Plain Dealer.


Sharples Cream Separators-Profit
mile Dairylas









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. so


FLORIDIANA.

It does not seem to be generally
known, but the fortification on Mullet
Key is much more important than the
one of Egmont Key. These two keys
guard the entrance to the harbor, but it
was generally thought that the equip-
ment was heaviest on Egmont. This.
however, is said not to be the case.
Mullet Key, where the quarantine sta-
tions are located, is armed with a bat-
tery of eight twelve-inch guns that are
terrors in their way. It is considered
the most advantageous point, and
hence the armament placed there. With
the exception of the fort at Charleston,
there is said to be nothing along the
coast itnt will compare with the MUl-
let Key fortifications and batteries.-
'Ilampa Herald.
Capt. W. W. Carnes, late of Mem-
phlis, Tenn., has purchased, in Manatee
county, six bearing orange groves in
the vicinity of Braldentown, paying
$26,000 cash for them.
The Carpenters' Union, which was
organized in St. ePtersburg last Sat-
urday night has started out with a
substantial show of strength. Nearly
l;ity members were enrolled at the in-
itial meeting.
A. Robbins of Sanford, has one of
the finest looking celery farms in San-
ford celery district Mr. Bobbins re-
fused an offer last week of $8,000 for
his crop this year from the five acres.
The celery and vegetable lands in the
Sanford districts are attracting wide-
spread attention. With artesian wells
and drainage they are proving to be
the most valuable and fertile lands in
Florida.-Titnsville Advocate.
Many improvements are to be made
at Palm Beach before the next tourist
season opens. An addition is to be
built to the Inn and other things have
been hinted at in an indefinite way.
Palm Beach is to have an overhauling
between now and December the like
of which it has not seen since the year
the Poinciana was blult.
The Jacksonville Terminal Company


has been peremptorily ordered by the
courts to admit to its depot in that
(ity, upon the payment of a certain
tixed rental, the Atlantic, Valdosta and
Western Railroad passenger trains.
The supreme court will again be asked
;o pass on the case, but in the mean-
time the trains must be admitted.
Letters patent were granted Friday
for the incorporation of the Tropical
ice and Cold Storage Company of Tam-
pa, with a capital of $20,000, to manu-
ftcture and sell ice, conduct a cold
.torage, coal and wood business. The
stockholderss are W. R. Moore, R. A.
I'right, T. II. Moore, John L. Kelly, T.
I. Moore, Jr., Geo. C. Edwards and G.
M. Moore.-Tallahasseean.
The heavy rains of the past few
days around Orlando put the ground
in splendid condition, and seem to
love settled the question of spring
drought, which usually prevails at this
season of the year, to the detriment of
spring crops. On low lands thole miay
possibly be an excess of irriganilon
But the average farms have itceivti
much benefit. It is reported that tnere
is an excess of water in the fiat woods
regions. If this is true at this season
ot the year, there is liauie to be a s'r-
plus of water before the rainy season
i1: over. Lakes, ponds an:l streams a i('
much higher than is usual at this ti'nt
ce the year.
A few days ago Judge Harrison of
the county court at Tampa, issued a
marriage license to James B. Porter
and Laura Thomas, who lived at Tar-
Ion Springs. Saturday he received a
letter containing the license, just as it
was sent out, with the information that
it was not available. owing to the fact
that one of the parties had eloped.
Judge Harrison ,.voi .i like to know
what kind of an elopement one person
can make.
Monday afternoon the Centerville
neighborhood was visited by a severe
rain and hal sterm. Young crops in
many instances were so badly damaged
that they will be either planted over or
abandoned altogether. This is a seri-
ous blow to the farmers of that part
of the county, who up to that time had


Florida F t Coast Ry.
TIIM E TABLE NO. 25. IN EFFECT APRIL 11, 1900.


BOTH BOUND (Read Down.)


U
4-3


am

0
00 4














E4 1

04
Pdq


No.A
Daily
ex 6u

5 LipJ
a5i
.5 .50p
;fzp



7 T!p
7 5i5p
ho511

I 26p


STATIONS.
L........ Jacksonville........Ar
Ar...... St. Augustine .......Lr
Iv....... St. Autine r
S.... .... al ..........
Ar ........ Ret Palatka ........ ..

Ar..........BanMtgo..........Lv
Lr;;..;.. San Mteo. ......Ar
Lv .....: m Palatka........Ar
....... ;;or:. ond...........
.. ..... ... a ........
" ....;;;;..Oak Hille.......'....
" .... ..... i ........
I Silli i Laa il iia Dl

." ............ e..as ......... "
....... ... .. .
.... ..... o eound. ..........
....;;... Sebastian .......... '
" .......... St. Locie...... ....
" ......... Fort Pier..;......
" ........... ib An .........
" J....... ..n.. l '..;; ;..
" ............. tuar ........;.. ."
" .......... Hobe Sound...... "


" ........ ort.I d .....
L........ mo ... ...
A ............iami ....... JIM


(Rean Up) NORTH BOUND..


I









II
3)





ii


Buffett Parlor CarO En Tratn 85 Ld i.


Between Rew Smyrna and Oiava Btwoo Tm
City Junction.
No.3 -No.L sTAT;ONS. %No_1.2N.
8l5pi 114 vN- eN%-;-niyrna..Ar~T 61~ lopv.
4OoplIl Ia! Lake Helen Lv'2 5P48 5 p a .
; W ..Oranve City..'" 11'85p I42 8 U
4:- 1217, Ar_.OraUg(-y Jct. 54'180p 8 Mp ....
Ci y YJl'dll iwn 9.iiiy except Sunday. t-- bt
dailj
Between Jack'ville and Pablo Reach. e eal
Theme Thue~s
No.1olNo I.1 T n NT TNo. lONNo.N trains mtay be
FI 45p1' :..ii. ;,c~~~i\. Ar1 d94 p froan
50P j(-ksI~ife_.-r19 4 50 their arrival ar
7l~p.10:5.t_1A- .1wlolo l'eiawh. Lv. 7 Ral 400p stated is Not g0
All Ilrlth an .1113ti Oulr41ilc and Usblo Dayr hold ItseIf
Pc .n' exv pt Sendoya. any ronsequenco
For -o',s .I.n 1 itc earL vaii on Ticket Agents, or address
J. P. BEiCWITrrH. TrafliC Manager.


tuavlle Aild Sanfead


'l'ATL'Orl%.


Ir 15


.... ..m............. 1
...Osteen......... I* U5l
..nterprl0e..,,..,.. 1

green Tituslle and Imtmen
r except Sunday.
bles show the tiissM wdhto
expectml to arriv and
the several stations, but
r departure at the th
mranteed, nor dew the Oom-
rs amiDislim ~fortbM dair
Sarising therefrom.
J. D. RAHNBR, A. W P. A.


St. Augustine.
STEAMSHIP LINES.

Florida East Coast Steamship Co.
PROPOSED SAILINGS:
BETWEEN flIAMI AND KEY WEST.
f(anw Mliani nu'n-.,'-, Tf r-.lany, Woataasse a and ldas Md .........................ll0p. .
Arrive Ky Wv,.,. di ,.i .a;..,W,\i.:e,.lays, Thursdays and Saturdays................. 8p. m
Leave Key Ws Thi r.'nays and -'undays........... ....... ......... .... ......... i00p.
Arrive Mir:! iiti i.t!;y nna M,,I',' ns .................. ........... .... ........... 5.0 .
BETWEEN MIAlI AND HAVANA.
-OZT1(IDO)ND STEIA.-MERS TOUCH AT KEY WEST; NORTHBOUND SAIL


aLEti)ir. IT.IAVANA TO MAl&Hl
W., ...--..r.-. a,'esta.v^ excellent prospects for a good crop. T
e ave M. I-:I T nl WeTdneIO ays ............ .. .. ....... p. m.
S The Florida Extract Company's plant Arrive HI,-:Ti T-: '.::ys an Fridays.................................................. a" I
Y at Titusville, has been running night T.Lnav ni :n:-. ay- and Fridays..................................... ......... 11:00a m.
and day for quite a while, to keep sup-
ad tiay dmnd for t e a whi to keep s- \ h; .~I i:- i:eitiln f l he Flori'a East C(oast teamshin Oompany to have their shi.
t Bi uDriiir tlihe dilmaud for their taunit in k .. n t. L r ,a, 14 t4," 4_ha
io u ali vcid for tanning leather, which is ship- 1nor -' :: .r ni i.ng (layns without.notica, and to substitute any steamer when
Sor manningg lea c is s- i : r va iser responsible for any detention of its steamers or delay
Ss ped North and to Europe. Mr. Wm. M.
need not loselesh in summer Brown, the head of the above factory. SENCJe ONE OLLAR
if you use the proper means is now in New York, making arrange- ci,. ri,. .... .. "h -,i, u.e,.e,.., i. es.'thikhiW
tO prevent it. You think ments to double the capacity of the ~ ,.E ..QUE.. no itLat your neaghest rcilt
nsyouf indit exactly as represented, equal to -rg-Ans
o can't take SCOTS Florida Extract Works. As a town rtail at 7r.oO to SOO.O, tbe'g-r tet wale yoeversaw and
far better -x'vnrrgas ;adeesetiey others at more rnmeey, pay
USION in hot weather, for factories, Titusville is coming to th. f rei- cnt our speEal 90 da' t $3
ULSON in ft watr, f Titusvle Advocat, Icss the..l. or I$0. and freight charge.
but you can take it and di-. te front.-Tltusville Advocate. S31,75 i 4UR SPECAL 90 DAY' PRICE M
gfest it as well in summer as Mr. Jas. E. Hendry returned from E,, n,.. ore, .1 was eve, mRl b bs..
Swint It not likethe _Punta Itassa Monday, where he went rTHEACME OUEEN s one o thembsitratUiAPS BwIzW
in winter. It is not like the 3 e dircet f a rtc1y canform mie idea of .
L to see the loading of three vessels with i;c-avetf a romephetserap, youean ormitmrideo i&
Slain cod-lier oil, which i cattle, but on account of head winds lat tinf99ty, THnd omelydeol r it dlfeet6oncnth,
difficult to take at any time. the cattle were not loaded on the ships. tain 5 otaves, nitop, as follows: e las.t' PrwlP
dIfficult tou tae atsany timsh, schoone. ia .& aelodng, Ui.ne, andwe...gh 30 poundr, S n-
If you are losing flesh, The schooner Dr. Lykes sailed from ., Pge aw .I VNFIalIC ta =
I Tonselw, l 9nd Oa m swell, 4 gets Olm eai_ s
yU are losing ground and Punta Rassa for Key West on Sunday aIator P ps W qaity se, Fsiarat WeeeSe
lteed 1 set oSrJ I aryul BIrlUytItlH L so t C eReed s Il
t nd with 150'beef cattle, and on Monda-y 1 a.. .. s e...... ms.- n l H R setSM or e4Ploa
you nwed ihn ayseas.rn,.amo..aes, T 4 .1 5 WAPSs-
S E ii there were 560 more cattle to be placed n innsif the celebratedi'wei eIs whichan
I oard the Ohoonor. Lily Whtthe higheAt grade instruents fitted with n.
; 11 1iA boardl the ellooners. Lily White to =1 tnouphloav a vIex Hnoe N lso bra Didgel alK
eatersr, etc., bellows of the best rabberlotrl
Scary 101, the Concepcion to take 200, bellows stock and finest leather in valve
S of 01teCneit ACME QUEEN is fureshed withailxltbeveled
and the IPran B. Neely to load 250, all] lateFrench mirror, nickel plated pedal fr
and every modern improvement. wev rmhh so -
aind must have it t p u for Cuban ports. The shipment of pE wgaI."o'iha"1EbRS e g iti r%- &Fe IkI &
GUARANTEED 25 YEARS, i'theMMA
_your flash and strngth. cattle has been crently delayed all win. I "w"On i.1 a7 "- 4,1
Syou have been takin it and ter on account of the prevailing south terms eand enitioe of le hif any Plives o
prospering on it, don t fail to winds, making it a dead beat to wind- writf Sefy. Trlonemnt

continue until you are thor- Tward to reach Cuba. The cattle men 0R EL AT ONCE. DON'T DELAY. i
con'tinue.kl, until y ,lam' pth OdfR ELiABiLITY IS ESTABLISHED I yo .
u I yu say that never before have they been I witaskyourneghborabout e
not deae,; with usszkyour neighbor aboutzmp wrie "
thopblk-her o thispaperor Metropolitan National : .
oUUy. str W. a troubled so much with south winds at tb orn EEchangi : -Ban k, leo; or Oerman Exchange Bak, New Yor or any railroad or ere
o al mDnd a O.I ny in "hi aor. We be ail e S O y entire e of tlt ae- busnes. b in
soi an [.O. ll idrullsi N t thlllB leaon of the y~pO.-Fr ort MyraF 2af1pjUa-hrls ? al, s 115S tii- nS SU .lSi a4.l---r.1 .~J 1,ll-'
SCOTT & RBOWNE Chemists, New York. ei a also evTryfhing in musical lustrumet at lower wholesale pries. Write for free special organ, piano
SaSCOTT & BOWdNE, Chemist musicU instrument eatalogae. Addresm (eoem sBeeke & Co.. M k.Ms a te labl.-Uito.)
it EaM k I_ AEPUARSO ROEOpoC O O we). sa. Dsplaies W W8a1a st., QOHICAGO. ILL,


__ _I


. .. iv


-- A


_ _


_____


=- -Z- 16 11






a04 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.





-- -- "" -- -" -- :- ----- A _.-A.- -,'-=a .a- -- .
HOW TO GET A TON OF FERTILIZE

| FOR $2.00


io,ooo Subscribers Wanted for the FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST within the next six months.
Every Thirtieth person remitting $2.oo for a year's subscription will be given an order for a
TON of Simon Pure Fertilizer of whatever brand desired . . .

HOW TO DO IT.

Cut out the coupon and send with $2.00 to E. O. Painter & 'Co., Publishers, DeLand, Fla., and
you will receive the Florida Agriculturist, the oldest, only agricultural paper in the state, for oie
year. The coupons will be numbered as received,
COUPON. and a receipt for the money bearing the same num-
ber will be returned. If your number is 30, or any
S.............................. 900 multiple of 30, as 60, 90, 300, etc., you can order
rfessrs. E. O. PAINTER & CO., ton of fertilizer at once or any time within a year.
Pubs. Florida Agriculturist, Please bear in mind you get the Florida Agricultur-
SDeLand, Fla. ist at the regular price of $2 per year and have one
Gentlhmen-Plea e find enclosed $2.0 1 for one year's sub
scription to the lor:da Agriculturist to begin at otee. It chance in 30 of getting a ton of high grade fertilizer
is understood that should the number of my receipt be 30 beside. This may be YOUR opportunity.
or any multiple of that number, I can ord r a ton of asny
brand of Simon Pure Fertilizer which will be delivered f.
o. b. cars at Jacksonville, Fla., without further expense
10 me.
h alpine Point ............. ................... ..... E. PAINTER & CO
,eight ID .pot...................... .. ....................
P. O. Addlrss...... ................... . .................... Publishers,
Note-I: the station to wh c-h the fertilizer is to be hipcwd is aFLOR
prepay," ainount .'frI2.ht must h e fr.rwarded with instruction. D LAND, FLORIDA.






A High-Grade Fertilizer

-__ --- I lST HA V-------

QUAL ITY! R REPUTATION!


"THE IDE AT," BRANDS--

H At HAV K TH ES H'. W6,
Ih n why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................ $3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... .$27.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE............... $30.oo per ton IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $28.oo per ton
SPECIAL MIXTURE No. i................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $30.oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER .......................$20.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTILIZER COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Pig's Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $17.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, $44.00 per ton.