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Vol. XXVII, No. 18. Whole No. 1370. DeLand. Fla., Wednesday, May 2, 1900. $2 per Annum, in Advance
PraeeaM l Dirying. The anatomy and the physical con- of St. Lambert was the sire of 83 cows producing in other States over 600
We have reproduced in our recent formation of the dairy breeds and the that produced from 14 to 34 pounds of pounds of butter a year. The main
of h e beef breeds are so radically diver- butter in seven days. trouble is that the real feeding value
sses many of the papers read before gent, the types at such variance, that Tormentor was the sire of 43 cows of our different kinds of feed and their
the Farmers' Jnstitute at Lake City, nature revolts at such efforts of amal- that produced from 14 to 28 pound% of proper combination are but little un-
for the reason that they contained rec- gamation and marks the offspring of butter in seven days. derstood by the average dairy farmer.
words of the experience of practical men such cross-breeding a failure. In breeding to this strain of blood, The market price for the different
nd a cn ntly o g t l What is needed at the dairy is the there ought not to be any failure, pro- grains and mill products are based
and are o elll gently of great value to speciall purpose" cow; a cow having vided the care and keep of such cattle upon supply and demand, and not upon
our soil-tilers. We hoped that all of the capacity of consuming large quan- are considerately attended to. their feeding value which it should be.
these papers, and the discussion fol- titles of feed, and the power of con- As to in-and-in breeding with the They know as a general use that
lowing their reading might be pub- verting such feed into the greatest Jerseys, there is not likely to be any wheat bran is a good feed for dairying
shed in pamphlet form for gratuitous quantity of dairy products, milk, but- harmful results within the third gen- cows; also that corn, oats and rye are
ter and cheese; that is, the cow that eration, in a direct line of mating. Af- good, but they do not seem to under-
distribution among our farmers, but will produce the greatest quantity of ter that it is wise to make a Judicious stand why a mixture of such excellent
we are advised that there are no funds milk containing the highest percent- out-cross, by the selection of a bull feed as corn, oats and rye will not pro-
available to defray the expenses of the age of butter fat, at the least expense from another famous family of the duce as good results as can be secured
publication. for feed for an entire year. same breed; Jerseys, bnut from no other by feeding bran and cotton-seed meal
public The Dairy Cow.-To find this breed, breed. The Jerseys are remarkable for in connection with them. The reason
Betow we reproduce extracts rom we have but to consult the authorities, prepotency, the power of transmitting becomes plain when the needs of the
an interesting paper on "Practical where public competitive tests have their merit to their offspring, even I animal's system and the composition of
Dairying," read by Capt. ;W. I. Vaison, been made between the several breeds when bred to the scrub. A marked the different kinds of feed are known.
a successful dairyman of Leon coun- of dairy cattle. The highest authority improvement is noticeable in the frst IThe first and most important step to-
t "to be found Is in the report of th'e, cross, both in appearance and at the'ward enlightenment and substantial
ty: dairy department of the World's Co- milk pail. improvement in feeding Is to show by
The subject is susceptible of a dozen lumblan Exposition at Chicago, In 19s. The Right Feed.-The next and actual data the enormous and unnec-
or more subdivialonal heads, each of There all the dairy breeds were invit- equally as important a factor in snc- essary losses that our cattle owmr
which would require an extended ed to compete; only three breeds en- cessful dairying is not so much In are annually incurring for want of
chapter; therefore I can only under- tered-the Jersey, Guernsey and Short- feeding, but in the right way of feed- knowledge on this subject, which will
take to express myself on the subject horn. ing. However highly bred and of per- arouse in them a desire to learn im-
assigned in a casual way, and in a very Competitive tests were conducted feet dairy type the cattle may be, it proved methods. This should be fol-
imperfect manner. with these breeds for periods of 15, 21. improperly fed, failure to respond at lowed up by literature containing ta.
The definition of "practical dairying" 30 and 90 days, for milk, cheese and the pail will be the inevitable result. bles giving the comparative value of
must be understood to mean successful butter. It will be seen from this re- It is not the quantity of feed at all, the different feedstuffs, their chemical
dairying. To attain success in this port that, taking each separate test, but the quality and the proper ratio composition and average contents of
field of Industry it will be found that and taking all in the aggregate, the of the feed best adapted for the dairy digestible matter, the uses that are
there is a long and rugged road to be results conclusively show that the Jer- cow. to meet her needs, that is re- made of the different nutriments, with
traversed. Upon the wayside along seys gave more milk, made more quired to secure best results. plain and simple instructions for com-
this tortuous route may be seen a fin- cheese, made more butter, required Such quality and ratio of feed is pounding feed rations and the best
gerboard, and upon it is written the less milk to make a pound of butter or called a balanced ration, and just here methods of feeding and caring for the
word "Art," the art of dairying, teach- a pound of cheese, made butter and is the rub. To ascertain what feed cattle. This information s imperatve-
Ing the methods to be employed, and cheese of a richer quality, and all at materials constitute a balanced ration ly needed and oght to be placed in
Instructing how dairying should be a less cost than either of the other for the dairy cow has taxed the pati- the hands of every farmer in the State
done. Further on this route another breeds. The Holsteins declined to ence and ingenuity of the best intellect who owns live stock.
fingerboard may be seen, and inscribed compete, presumably from a want of of the day. Years of patient toil.l c- -
upon it is the word "Science," teach- confidence In their ability to face the entific research and exhaustive experi- Methods of Securing Extra Barly So-
ing us the reason why such methods of other breeds before the public. mentation have been given to this sub- 'o.
art are employed. The Jerseys swept the field and won 'ect. for the purpose of solving the
Dairying may not only be considered the premiums in every test, and showed feed problem. that dairying might be One of the most important factors
as an art and a science of Itself, but a much larger margin of profit be- the more intelligently and prosperously having an influence on the profitable.
nearly all of the arts and sciences pay tween their dairy products and the conducted. press of market garden crops Is that of
tribute and are brought Into requisi- cost of production-the feed-than! The Native Cows Unprofitable.- earliness. A difference of two or three
tion for the solution of its hidden mys- did the other breeds. From close observation in the absence
series and for its successful develop- These tests have proven facts, and of data I feel assured in stating that days or a week in placing a crop on
ment. these facts give the stamp of publicity the average dairy cow of Florida is the market often makes the difference
In dairying, the right breed and the and authenticity to the Jersey cow as returning in dairy products a sum bare- between profit and loss, and the prices
right feed are the two essential factors the greatest dairy cow, in all essen- ly equal to the market price of the obtained for extra early crops have
upon which success depends; they go tials, that the world has ever produced. feed consumed. Very many are not cultural experiments with
hand in hand, and are Inseparable. To Let It be understood that these comn- paying for their feed, simply because elated cultural experiments wi
ascertain the correct methods of breed- petting breeds were all thoroughbred, of a lack of understanding how to feed. every kind of vegetables. Some Inter-
ing and feeding has engaged the at- and presumed to be the best of their The average Florida cow, under pres- eating results along this line with pota-
tention of the ablest selentists for ages, respective breeds. ent conditions, produces not over one toes have recently been reported by the
and their efforts have been like the Whilst it may not be within the pound of butter a week-fifty pounds Kansas and Rhode Island Stations.
turning of a calcium light upon a financial ability of the average dairy a year. At 20 cents a pound this makes Kansas Station seed tubers of 4
world groping in darkness. farmer to secure at once these famous ten dollars gross income for each cow At Kansas Station seel tubes of 4
It has been tritely said that "the dairy cattle, yet he may, by an infu- annually. The feed consumed by such different varieties of mealum-sized po-
darkest place on earth is the inside of slon of their fine blood into his native cows per head for one year, at a low tatoes were placed in shallow boxes
a cow." What light we have had to cattle, vastly improve their dairy quail- estimate, represents a money value of with the seed ends up in February.
fathom this dark abode, and what ties. The bull is always half the herd, fifteen dollars per head, showing a loss They were packed in sand, leaving the
knowledge we may have gained, has and this bull should always be thor- of five dollars per head-the penalty
all come from scientific research and loughbred. Inid for ignorance. These cows.. scrubs upper fourth of the tubers exposed,
experimentation. Never breed to a graded bull. The or grades, as they may be, can be and the boxes were placed in a room
The Right Breed.-It is how very coarse blood in him predominates and raised from the 50 pounds to 200 with rather subdued light, having a
generally agreed and accepted as an soon carries us back to where we be- pounds of butter a year, simply by temperature of 50 to 60 degrees F. Vig-
established fact by the authorities gan. A fine bull Is cheap at any learning how to feed and then doing prout oon pushed from the ex-
that there are no such cattle as a Iprice; a coarse bull Is high even as a! it. and thus bring a profit of 25 a oroug sprouts soon pushed from the ex
"general purpose cow," that is, cattle gift. One will build us up-the other head, instead of a loss of $5 a head on posed eyes. The whole potatoes were
suited for all purposes, for the dairy, pull us down, after years of arduous the venture. It is not only possible, planted in the furrows In March in the
for beef and for draft. It is urged toil and expense. You ask which of but practicable for every dairyman in same position they occupied in the
that no such breed as the "general pur- the Jersey family is the best? the State to have every cow in his boxes The same varieties of potatoes
pose" cow ever existed, and that such Which Jersey Family.-I answer the dairy go to the 200-pound mark. and taken from a store cellar wer po nt
cattle cannot be produced by any sys- St. Lambert and the Tormentor, be- until we reach this, dairying will not rom a storage cellar we pnt-
tem of feeding or erositeeOlUg. cause of their famous records. Exile pay. Hundreds of cows are today, ed in parallel rows. The and-prout-
__ ___ If~ _ _____ i ___
274 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
ed potatoes took the lead from the
start in vigor and strength of top and
produced potatoes the first of June, a
week earlier than the storage-cellar
potatoes. At the final digging they
showed better potatoes and gave
a 10 per cent. larger yield.
In another experiment part of the po-
tatoes were treated the same as in the
first test, except that the sand was
tlept luioteniia. and i.nt i.r utni- Miiin
placed In open boxes and kept in a
light room having a temperature of 50
degrees F. The tubers placed in san.l
developed strong sprouts and nearly
all rooted. When planted in the field
tley outstripped both the tubers
sprouted in open boxes and the storage
collar tubers in vigor of growth. The
:suu fsPr o 8 isu InB ME vulvs gy 9
earlier yields than were obtained from
the storage cellar tubers, but not so
early as the tubers sprouted in moist
sand. The tubers sprouted in moist
sand produced table potatoes from 7
to 10 days earlier than the storage cel-
At the Rhode Island Station medium
sized whole potatoes sprouted on racks,
ir a fairly warm and light room, gave
a 27 per cent. better yield at the first
d:gging than potatoes kept in a cold
cellar until planting time; and this
was increased to 40 per cent. at the
final digging. The percentage of large
tiiBei WS S gfStafr f SB h tig-
ging with the sprouted tubers.
The results of these experiments are
suggestive. The handling of seed po-
tatoes in such manner as to secure
strong, stocky sprouts before the tu-
btrs are planted out, is shown to be an
important factor in increasing both the
earliness and the total yield of the crop.
By planting only well-sprouted seed, a
full stand is assured.
One of the objections to this method
of growing potatoes is the large
amount of space required for exposing
the tubers to the light for sprouting.
This objection has been overcome in
part by the use of trays and racks. At
the Rhode. Island Station the racks
used held 9 trays. Each tray was 3 -4
feet long and 1% feet wide, and would
noal anout 1 bushes or potatoes when
spread out in a single layer for sprout-
ing. The bottoms of the trays were
made of pieces of lath placed about 1
inch apart. Nine trays were placed in
p rack over each other, leaving about
P inches of space between each tray.
This method of arrangement has the
advantage of securing a very uniform
distribution of light, heat and air for
all the trays. It greatly facilitates the
handling of the potatoes and lessens
the danger of breaking off the sprouts
when transferring to the field for
Another method of securing early po-
tatoes in Rhode Island on a com-
mercial scale is that of sprouting tu-
bers in a cold-frame and planting out
as soon as danger of frost is past. The
tubers are cut into pieces not smaller
than an English walnut, after reject-
ing the 2 or h eyes near the stem end,
which have been found to start late.
The pieces are placed side by side in
the bed, skin side upward, and covered
about 4 inches deep with fine, rich
earth. Their growth can be controlled
by proper regulation of the cold-frame
sash. At planting time the tubers, the
sprouts of which should be just break-
ing the surface of the soil, are care-
fully lifted with manure forks, separ-
ated by hand, and placed In well ferti-
lized rows, and entirely covered with
soil; or 'f danger of frost has past,
they are placed with the apex of the rot develop twip ears to produce the
sprout just at the surface of the soil. same amount of hard, sound, nourish-
About 216 square feet of cold- ing grain as one ear-that the twin
frame is required to sprout sufficient ears would be cobby and chaffy. He
potatoes to plant an acre in 30 to 32 carefully selected ears which were
inch rows, 12 inches apart. Eight men covered with kernels entirely over the
can transplant an acre in a day. tip, and this buttoned, up snug and
On the Island of Jersey, where early tight with a stiff-flbered shuck, so that
potatoes are raised in large quantities not a drop of rain, not a weevil, could
for the London market, the potatoes enter. By this intelligent selection of
Sstiiiivid fii :av arc fiev cid t? i7i 04iv 0i. InM 11VUVrGd c in l auFia s
side in shallow boxes and stored, as production in a lifetime by about twen-
scon as cold weather sets in, in a light ty bushels per acre. Nobody ever
and well-sheltered loft or shed, out of heard him complain that he needed a
danger of frost. The position of the "new variety," that his corn was "run
boxes is changed from time to time so out." It was his neighbors' varieties
ibat the sprouts will be of equal length that had "run out;" they bought large
ard strength at the planting season. A quantities of seed corn from him, often
t. pical sprout averages about one-half traveling many miles to procure a
iulu In lInklz wrnlltmI ati n1l f alwr1m s aoKrull, Waa giW fwegy U S 6afU9 Q1
selected from the best of the crop and him? They purchased brains and mus-
allowed to lie in the field in the fall cle.
until they become greenish are used. Yes; we do need a new variety-the
Potatoes for early use are sometimes Hoe-handle Corn; it is better for for-
started in pots in the greenhouse and age and grain, better for ensilage and
then planted out as soon as danger of for the fodder stack than all the teo-
frost is over. The cost incident to this sinte and Kaffir, Brazillian four corn,
rPethod limits its use, except for fain- dhurra, Mexican June corn, and what
ily supply.- ('. It. Smith, in U S. Bulle- not that have ever been tried in Fior-
-- For some years past the complaint
New Agrictutural Varieties. has been rife in the strawberry belt
One of our esteemed contemporaries that a new variety is needed, that the
i. otf the opinion we need a new variety old standard, the Newnan Improved, Is
cf corn in Florida. If we do, then the run out, as shown by its liability to
firimncr nearly all the way from the ifii;t ~i illelidif A grwFe of oir SE-
Altamaha to the Kentucky river, ex- quaintance, during that period, culti-
cvpt in the fertile Tennessee bottoms,
Also need new varieties, for we record
it as our surprised observations during
a less recent journey that the corn of
that extensive region was not as good,
not as promising as most of the flat-
woods corn of North Florida and the
hammock corn of South Florida. This
was the situation when the writer tra-
versed the great ggp1re tftt9 9f tb
South in July.
What is neded is not a new variety
of corn, but a new variety of hoe-han-
die, a new invention of "heel scrape,"
a new infusion of vigor into the mus-
cles that guide that scrape in the fur-
row, and the intellect that directs the
A Vciictrale coiircd dlii6fioVbrd TWSi
accustomed to call frequently upon
Horace Greeley and consult with him
upon the interests of his race. On this
occasion he remarked:
"Mr. Greeley, I don't think our people
gib sufficient 'tentlon to mental philos-
ophy, do you?'
"Philosophy!" roared the great edit-
or; "you d-d old fool, what you need
sl a hoe handle and a piece of New
It is not a new variety that is needed
so much as it is better seed corn. A
neighbor of the writer in another State
raised every year a small separate plot
of corn purely and simply for seed-
growing. He planted it as remote as
possible from his main field crop to
prevent hybridizing and deterioration
from pollen transported by bees or
breeze. He cultivated it with the
greatest thoroughness; gave it special-
ly prepared phosphoric fertilizer to de-
velop the kernels, and took scrupulous
care to dry and season it out sound be-
lore frosty weather arrived, lest the
cold might chill the germ If it were not
hardened. Only a small part of this
special crop was considered good
enough to plant the succeeding seed
plot; the remainder was used in plant-
ing the main fields. His farm was up-
land and only moderately fertile, there-
fore, he rejected a two-eared stalk, be-
lieving that on his soil the stalk could
vated the Newnan and did not culti-
vate anything else. He did not hesi-
tate to apply two tons of fertilizer per
acre. He gave his men orders, persist-
ently repeated, to cultivate the corner
plants of the bed; any chump will cul-
tivate the middle plants; and to make
assurance doubly sure he cultivated
the corner plants himself. In the dark-
est night he could pass down the bed
and count 245 plants, not with the eye
of flesh, but with the eye of faith, be-
cause he knew that every plant was in
Its place, making a row of the standard
length. He was not troubled by need
of a new varlety.-T.-U. & C.
Hogs Ted on Cowpea May.
We have frequently argued for the
growing of more pigs by our Florida
farmers, the same to be kept five or
six months entirely on green forage
and want vYnostablies mfiBa.si t?:
without any expense to the farmer, ex-
cept the labor of raising and feeding
the forage. Some of our readers have
objected that they could not Induce
pigs to eat cowpea forage. This has
doubtless been because they were not
placed on this rotation as a separate
diet, but were given occasional mess-
es of table scraps, milk or something
of that sort, which spoiled their appe-
tite for the forage; whereas if kept on
cowpea forage exclusively they would
thrive on it for several months, gain-
ing from fifty to a hundred pounds
apiece during the summer on this, the
cheapest possible feed, making the
farmer's pork at a minimum of coat.
A recent bulletin of the ORlahoma
Experiment Station sustains our views,
only in this case the pigs were fed cow-
pea hay instead of green cowpeas. At
the Oklahoma Experiment Station
shoats weighing about 115 pounds at
the beginning of the experiment were
divided into two lots. The first was
fed what cowpea hay the pigs would
eat in addition to a mixture of one-
half Kaffir and one-half cornmeal.
T hey consume four and three-quarters
pounds of grain for each pound of gain,
while another lot fed the same kind
of grain but not cowpea hay, consumed
eight and one-fifth pounds of grain for
each pound of gain. The lot receiving
the cowpea hay had a better appetite
that the lot that did not receive cow-
Iea hay.--emi-Times-Union and Citi-
IHortienlturista have abundant rea-
son to feel a lively interest in the great
1 an-American Exposition to be held in
Buffalo in 1901. In the embellishment
(c the grounds the architects have
planned to use trees and shrubs, fol-
iage and flowering plants in quantity
to dazzle the lovers of fine horticultur-
al displays. The extensive arena of
the ExDosition grounds affords abun-
dant room for the elaborate pjge ntry
of color that is here contemplated.
'1 here are nearly 350 acres in the Expo-
s!tion site of which about one-third are
the improved lands of Buffalo's beauti-
tul Delaware Park. Upon the park
lands many thousands of dollars have
bL en expended from year to year in the
past in maintaining and improving the
variety and display of rare shrubs and
:-ees. This portion of the landscape
includes a park lake of irregular shape.
I' is charmingly picturesque when the
shores are clad in their summer garb
,f foliage. This part of the park will
receive special attention in preparation
tor the coming, Exposition.
Lying directly north of the park
hrnds and upon a higher elevation is
the remainder of the Exposition plot.
Included in the plan for the arrange-
n-ent of the buildings is a magnificent
court, 3,000 feet long with a tranverse
court 1,700 from east to west, besides
subordinate courts. All of these
open places are to be beautified with
palms and other tropical plants in tubs
and TRaea near the nurrounding liare
I.ulldlngs and besides the fountains
end pools. To these will be added
sunken gardens of elaborate arrange-
Ilent and formal flower beds wherever
tl'eir presence will enhance the beauty
of the courts. The various buildings
of the Exposition are to have red tiled
roofs and the wals are to be tinted in
a variety or colors so that the briiianey
of the architectural work will vie
with the blossoming beds to faccinate
the lovers of fine color effects. Among
the flowre and foliage plants will be
Ir.any sparkling fountains to enliven
the beauteous scene. The water fea-
tures of the Exposition include a
Grand Canal more than one mile in
length which completely encircles the
main group of buildings. Lagoons with
sodded banks and shaded with a va-
riety of trees shoot off from the main
canal at various points and add their
beauty to the landscape effect. The
entire outer wall of the Exposition
grounds is to be a bank of solid foliage.
Many thousands of trees, shrubs and
cuttings have already been planted in
preparation for the elaborate horticul-
tural features. Large trees which for-
tunately were already upon the Exposi-
tlon site have been preserved by Rtan-
terence to-places where their stately
shafts of green would heighten the col-
or effect in contrast with the brighter
hues of the buildings.
The building to be devoted to the
Department of Horticulture, of which
Mr. F. W. Taylor is chief, is 220 feet
square. It has two arcaded wings
sweeping from the north and south fa-
cades to the eastward and'connecting
with other buildings to form a semi-
circular court. West of these arcades
are the conservatories in which will be
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 2U5
displayed the palms and other plants
of tropical origin, Thb9 re des leading
trom the main building will be kept
gay the entire season with flowering
and ornamental plants. The large
building will be used for the display
of fruits and various other exhibits
pertaining to horticulture. It is expect-
ed that the State of New York will
spend at least $10,000 in aiding the hor-
ticultural societies of the State to ex-
tend and replenish their ex-
bibits during the season of the Exposi-
tion. The Horticultural building will
be one of the most picturesque of the
entire group of large Exposition build-
ings. The loggias which forms the
eastern entrance will be richly adorned
with frescoes. Two of these composi-
tions will represent Ceres, the goddess
of the harvest, bearing in her arms a
sheaf of wheat, her chariot drawn by
three lions led by Flora and Primavera.
The exhibits to be made by the
leading florists of the United States,
Will o blitUal6d "1thI 6f thi HUrtleUl-
tural building. To these displays some
six or seven acres of land will be de-
voted. William Scott of Buffalo, a
prominent florist and well known con-
tributor to literature upon flowers, will
have charge of the floral exhibits. Sev-
eral prominent horticulturists have
already entered for the competition of
1901. In these displays there will be
over 500 beds in which will be shown
every popular flower known, from the
low growing verbena to the stately
dahlia and hollyhock. There will be a
large exhibit of hardy perennial plants,
such as Delphnium and Helianthus,
Phlox, Tritoma and other leading har-
dy flowers. Of the hardy annuals there
will be many examples of choice var-
i ties that do so well in our summer
months. There will be numerous spec-
imens of the summer climbers, conspic-
uous among which will be the new va-
r eties of the gorgeous Clematis. The
water gardens, of which there will be
a number in various parts of the
grounds, will be important and attrac-
tive features which will include in
their displays besides the mammoth
Victoria Regia of the Amazon and the
-Nilumblums of the Nile, many Nym-
I.haeas never before exhibited. When
as their best there will be special exhi-
t':ns of roses, dahlias, gladiolus, sweet
peas, chrysanthemums and other popu-
lar flowers. Exhibits from all the large
growers of the country are assured.
Horticulture has made wonderful
strides within the past few years anl
many of the floral specimens which
will be seen at the Pan-American Ex-
I-bition were not in existence at the
t'me of the World's Fair at Chicago.
The displays of the now popular canna
will surpass anything yet seen either
in America or Europe. One may there-
f( re confidently expect this Exposition
to be, from the view point of the horti-
culturist, the most brilliant ever held.
The gates of the Exposition will be
ol:ened on May 1st, 1901, and closed on
November 1st, of the same year, giving
six full months for the enjoyment of
the wonderful displays, there to
itb assembled. The buildings of
the Exposition comprises more than
20 lnrge architectural works and th.
smaller buildings are numbered by the
hundred. The largest of the buildings
are those devoted to Machinery and
Transportation and Manufactures and
Iiberal Arts, each covering about four
acres. The Agricultural building will
cover nearly two acres and the Elec-
tricity building the same. The main
G99eryTfaU t buiU is @ 99Qa30 tfek
with a dome 250 feet above the main
floor. The lesser buildings of this
group are each 150 feet square connect-
ed with the main structure by curved
arcades, the three structures enclosing
a semi-circular court which opens to
the west. The Ethnology building and
the Temple of Music are each to be
about 150 feet square. The Stadium or
sporting arena with the ornamental
building which forms the entrance,
will cover about 10 acres. It will have
a seating capacity of 25,000 people and
will contain a quarter mile track ahd
abundant room for all the modern
athletic contests. The live stock dis-
plays will cover about 10 acres, and to
the "Midway" or pleasure ground
about 20 acres have been allotted.
The electric tower, which is to
stand in a broad aquatic basin will be
348 feet high, the main portion of the
tower being 80 feet square. The posi-
tion of the tower is between the Agrt-
cultural and Electrical buildings, divid-
ing tl1 eQUpt of rountunleu from ttin
I'laza and it will be the centerpiece of
the Exposition. It is intended to have
the electric displays the most elaborate?
ever undertaken. The nearness of Ni-
agara Falls makes this possible, on ac-
count of the unlimited power develop-
ed from the great cataracts and trans-
mitted to Buffalo by means of large
topper cables. It is expected between
live and six million dollars will have
been expended on the Exposition build-
ings and grounds before the Installa-
tion of exhibits begins. The work of
preparing for this great, All-Ameriean
display is proceeding with commenda-
ble speed and system, and the plans
are such that it will be completed in
Pmple time for the opening of the
gates on the day announced.
Pruning the Tomato.
When the fruit bud appears we want
to look out for suckers, which must be
iiucked off as fast as they appear.
Keep in mind a straight, upright stalk,
instead of the usual crawling vine we
so often see. When the young fruit
lbgins to form a stake about four feet
long down on the opposite side of the
fruit bud, tie a cotton string around
the tomato stalk immediately under
the fruit bud, leaving the cord loose,
and then to stake, repeating this as the
fruit buds appear. This holds the
plant firmly and causes it to grow
straight and graceful, instead of fall-
ing all over the garden. Keep the
suckers' orf y all means, when from
four to eight fruit buds appear, ac-
cording to the fertility of the soil, top
the plant, and you will have a magni-
ficent crop of tomatoes, whereas, if you
let them go to vine, you will have but
very few. If they fall to ripen, a few
leaves cut from the lower part of the
stalk to admit the air will hasten it.
Keep the suckers down, and the fruit
will continue to ripen a long time if
they have water and attention."'
Expansion and Bice Culture.
Since the acquisition of the Philip-
pines and the demand for an open door
policy in China, the agricultural circles
of the Valti4 R4gtvs havY9 MstifCsted
much interest in the commercial possi-
bilities of the cultivation of rice.
The present statistics on this subject
are unsatisfactory but interesting. The
world's consumption of rice is enorm-
ous. It constitutes the principal food-
stuff of China and Japan, and one of
the principal ceral foods of India,
FBrynt Blam and the PhillDDines, and
the combined population of these coun
tries is more than half the total popu
lation of the globe. Many authorities
assert that the consumption of rice ii
greater than of any other cereal.
Here is a magnificent market and so
tar as the United States is concerned
practically an unentered field. We now
produce about 70,000 tons annually and
consume twice that amount. Whether
we can profitable produce the whole
(iomiestic supply necsesary and force
an entrance into Eastern markets de-
pends upon the possibility of employ-
ing machine methods and western
methods of production to a degree suf-
ticient to offset the lowest cost of labor
in the Orient. Towards the end of the
last century this was done for cotton
cloth, the first quarter of the next cen-
tury may see it done for rice. It is be-
cause there seems some possibility of
doing this that interest in the subject
is being aroused.
In the United States labor costs
Ur re than la the ~ast, but it ib 4l&o
nore productive. The Department of
Agriculture estimates that the Ameri-
can labor in Southwestern Louis-
iina or Texas can farm about sixteen
times as much rice land as the laborer
of Spain or Italy, twenty times as
much as the Egyptian laborer, twenty-
live times as much as the East Indian,
and thirty times as much as the Chi-
tt-se. Farm labor thus costs less for a
g:ven yield in America than in any
other rice growing country.
American labor is more Drodnetive.
because it works with American ma-
chinery. Instead of a sickle the far-
mer frequently cuts the grain with a
reaping machine; instead of flailing or
treating it out, he threshes it with a
Team thresher; instead of pounding it
in a mortar with a pestle, he hulls and
cleans it in a modern mill, where a few
men and a few machines clean and pol-
ish as much rice in a day as 5,000 men
could do with the primitive tub and
Founder still used in the East.
Rice is pecullarlysusceptible to
cultivation on a large scale. To raise
it successfully the farmer must have
at his command an adequate supply of
water of uniform temperature and un-
ter such control that it can be used
in the right quantities at the right
times. These conditions are best se-
cured by powerful pumping machinery
and extensive irrigating works, and
the result is systematized production
on a large scale. In such industries
the American people lead the world.
There are several other reasons for
believing that we are to become an
important factor in the world's pro-
duction of rice. Hitherto we have been
cultivating a very expensive, and unde-
s!rable variety, but recently the De-
partment of Agriculture imported a
large supply of Japan or Kiuslu rice,
which yields about one-fourth more per
acre and loses about one-fourth less in
tLe milling, than "Honduras" rice, the
usual American variety.
Moreover it looks as it rice straw
will become a valuable commercial pro-
duct. The price of paper, particularly
of the grade used by newspapers, has
ot late been steadily rising. To meet
the immense demand for cheap paper.
extensive experiments have been con-
ducted, with the object of inventing a
cheaper method of manufacturing paper
from rice straw. These experiments
are said to promise success. If the
report is true, rice culture in the near
future will be yet more profitable.
All these facts point to a cheaper and
larger production in the'"Soutb and in
Recommends Pe-ru-na FPr Catarrh.
Hon. H. McCord..
Hon. Myron H. McCord, Ex-Governor
of New Mexico, in a letter to Dr. Hart-
man, from Washington, D. C., says:
nDeer ir--.At the mngeation of friend
I was devised to use Pe-ru-na for catarrbh
and after using one bottle I began to
feel better in every way. It helped me
in many respects. I was troubled with
colds, coughs, sore throat, etc, but as
soon as I had taken your medicine I
began to improve and soon got well.
take pleasure in recommending your
groat remedy to all who are afflicted
with catarrh.-M. H. McCord.
The spring presents a much more
favorable opportunity for the perma.
nent cure of chronic catarrh, especially
old, stubborn cases. Now is the time to
begin treatment. Insist upon having
PL-s.-aU, TItOs# MF no I8,"UIftl ItUa
stitutes for tils remedy. Send to Dr.
H1ar:tan, Columb-us, Ohio, for a tree ca-
other suitable regions. From 1879 to
IS) the yield per acre in the United
States increased twenty-six per cent.
ID recent years a number of Northern
farmers have undertaken the cultiva-
t'on of rice with modern machinery in
I uuisiana, and their success has stimu-
lated the industry in Texas and else-
where. Our natural advantage for
Since raising are being utilized. But plen-
ty of land remains quite as well adapt-
ed to the crop as that now so used.
But the census authorities intend to
go further. Whether rice can be raised
with profit depends upon the cost of
Si.e pumping machinery required, the
Eight to which the water must be
raised, the cost of the wood, coal or
other fuel. With the view of obtaining
accurate information upon these points
circular are new being prepared in
the census office and will be sent to ev-
cry rice growing district in the Unit.
ed States, asking for the names and
addresses of all persons therein who
pump or artificially supply water for
the irrigation of rice fields.
SIf the returns are full and accurate,
they will be of much value and inter-
est to those concerned with our agri-
cultural or commercial prosperity.
At this season of the year there are
always many deaths, particularly
among children, from summer com.
paint, diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera
morbus, cramps, etc., and every one
ought to know that a sure aud speeon
cure can easily be obtained oy taking
Perry Davis' Pain-Killer in sweetenm]
water every half hour. It never failt.
Avoid substitutes, there is but one
Pain-Killer, Perry Davis'. Price 25
and 50 cents. 4
If you wish payng results advertise in
2l6 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Hfow Io Get the fost Out of Agricul-
The farm paper should be read as the
doctor reads his authorities on medi-
cine and diseases to obtain the best in-
formation touching y9ur business that
science and experience can furnish. I
regard the publishers of the high class
agricultural papers as the greatest ben-
efactors in our country. Through their
splendid business management they arc
ablo to furnish a mana of valufblge 'l-
tormation to their readers at the cost
of a mere pittance. And the average
farmer is just as generous as his ed-
itor. Among no other class can you
find the willingness to give away to
their neighbors valuable secrets like
the farmers do. Let one of them make
a discovery which will either lconcii I-
bor or increase production and he
straightway sends it tothe agricultural
paper for the benefit of his fellow far-
ulers. No matter how much time or
money it has cost him to secure the
profitable information, it is given away
(o h:s neighbors as freely and promptly
as his good wife responds to the de-
mands of sickness and hunger amony,
the poor. How different it sl in tlhe
mechanical world! There a new idea
i-s protected by pateut anl ti e ounv
who desires to use it must pay well for
the privilege. There experiments are
conducted behind selfishly locked
doors, while the warmer performs his
labors in the open fields where all are
invited to observe.
Knowing that the farm papers have
such editors and contributors as these
surely should inspire perfect confidence
in the reader. Then you should read
with a determination to secure all the
enents you and your farm need.Don't
te too critical. When someone tells
about a surprising yield and how he
secured it don't dismiss the matter
with a sneer, but adopt his plan so far
as practicable, with such improvements
as careful thoughts suggests, and ten
chances to one you wil be able to do as
well or better than he did.
Don't be a one department reader.
lou may be a specialist now and par-
ticularly interested in one branch of
fir.iiilig Of set@t faRin1g, nut It itr wise
for you to gather all the information
t u can along all the lines of farm op-
erations. You may want to widen your
work sometimes and it well informed
or all points you will be ready without
any costly delay or mistakes.
After you have read all the editor-
ials and contributed articles turn your
attention to the advertisements, and
don't only read them but study them.
Tl ere you will find inspiration to bet-
ter things on the farm. You may be
satisfied now with the implements and
stock you own, but when you learn
that others possess that which is far
superior you will no longer be content
until you secure the best; and that is
what you ought to have. I could give
riany valuable examples of awaken-
icgs of this kind. If the paper con-
trined nothing but the advertisements
you could not afford to do without it.
Reputable agricultural papers like the
Guide don't admit swindlers to their
advertising columns, and nine out of
It n of their advertisers could safely be
trusted to make a selection for you
from their flocks or herds.
To sum up: When reading agricul-
tural papers believe what you read,
Practice what reason tells you will
prove profitable, remembering that
v.hile occupying an easy chair in the
s-ade you can in a few minutes get
What Coat the generous writer much
hard work and practical research,
and patronize the advertisers.-J. N.
Qrr, in Farmers' Guide.
Harvesting Sumatra Tobacco.
As woon as the leaves at the bottom
of the stalk begin to ripen harvesting
is begun by plucking off the first four
hlaves from the bottom and transport-
ing them to the curing sheds in bas-
kets 3:; inches long, 18 inches wide,
and 12 inches deep, holdiilg AlBut 6W
leaves, or enough to fill 20 laths. These
baskets are carried from the field to
the curing sheds by men, if the curing
shed is near; if not, they are carried
in wagons. Each wagon has a frame
that will carry It; of these baskets,
thus in one load transporting 9,00
haves, enough to fill 220 laths. On
reaching the curing sheds these baa-
kets are received by the foremen of the
barn work, who places them on ta-
b'es, around which he has a number of
women engaged in "stringing." They
take the tobacco from the basket and
put it on strings by means of large
needles. These leaves are placed back
to back and face to face. This is done
t.) p' evn t he leaves from (c1pip'u1 ort
: ;hiil' over each other. Thirty-ii\e or
forty leaves are put on one string, nc-
cording to the size of the leaf. Each
cnd of the string, as soon as filled, is
::ttan<-eh to a lath 4 foot 4 inches long.
and the leaves are evenly distributed
along the string. The lath is then hung
in the barn, where it remains until the
leaves are cured.
If t1he tobacco gives promise of being
--wrapper," that is, if it is light green,
\ery sound in leaf, and of desirable
size, it should be "primed" at an early
aIngc of i'lpE llg. It, nOwovoe, yp.
,t arances indicate that it will prove
"filler" tobacco, it should be allowed
to thoroughly ripen. After priming six
o.- eight leaves the remainder will rip-
ta sufficiently near the same time to
permit the cutting of the stalks. When
.ihe i;!ak :s cut it is place on a hand
barrow, carried by two men. These
barows will hold about eighty stalks,
(io enough to fill ten laths. On reach-
:ing the larn these arrows are placed
6f, a tBA Ul gnu thlo talic are Imme-
diately put on laths by means of a
spear fitted on one end of the lath,
eight or ten stalks being put on each
lath. These laths are then put in the
barn just where they will rematu until
the tobacco is cured.
If the soil is rich and the season
propitious a second profitable crop can
bt produced from the asckers. Aa
soon as the original crop is topped
suckers will sprout from each leaf.
These, of course, should be broken off
as soon as they appear, otherwise they
sap, hinder, and check the growth of
the leaves. When all the leaves have
been primed from the original stalk,
except the four or six leaves at the
top, two suckers should be allowed to
grow from the bottom of the stalk.
These two will be well started by the
time the top leaves of the original
stalks are ripe. The stalk should then
be cut just above where the suckers
sprout and cultivation should begin at
once, the soil being brought up around
the old stubble. The suckers should
not be allowed to have more than six
leaves each. The growth of these will
be rapid and they will mature quickly.
When ripe the leaves should not be
primed, but the stalks should be cut.
It is often the case, where the seasons
are favorable, that the suckers will
be very fine in quality for filler pur-
poses. Where thU original crop yields
600 pounds per acre it is often the case: It is not only beautiful women who
that 400 pounds can be produced from hang over the mirror in the morning.
Ailxious women who are watching the vn.- t-
the second growth or sucker crop. As ing of their beauty, stand before the mirr~.r
and not the
soon as the tobacco is harvested, the increasing
stubble is dug or pulled up and the' by | lines etched
field sown in cowpeas. In about three the m n outh
weeks the pea vines will cover the and eyes.
ground, thus protecting it from the Thousands of
midsummer sun. In the fall the vines! ,- wrecked in
are plowed under and prove of great body and in
benefit to the soil. haggard,
Curing.-When the tobacco is primed nervous, iri-
trom the stalk it should not take long- have by the
er than two weeks to cure; when hung ue of doctor
on the stalk three or four weeks are A vorite Pre-
necessary. The manipulation of the beeription
barn or curing shed is entirely govern- cured, and
ed by the condition of the weather watched with
delight the progress of the cure, marked
and the nature of the tobacco, and no by ightenmg eyes, reddening cheeks,
by tightening eyes, reddening cheeks,
0l14tl iFUN or ulu oann lbe liven. Holw- and rounding forni,
tl or uo u c~ eol glen. How Woman's general health depends laglely
ever, in a general way, it may be said Won the o al health of the organs dis-
upon the local health of the organs dis-
that-if a barn is filled with green to- tinctively feminine. Irregular periods in
bacco and the weather is hot maidenhood, followed after marriage by
debilitating drains, and the common con-
and dry, the ventilators should be sequences of motherhood, inflammation,
tightly closed for about three days, by- ulceration, and displaced organs, ruin the
tightly closed for about three days general health. These conditions are en-
which time the tobacco will be quite tirely removed by "Favorite Prescription,"
yellow. The barn should then be op- the body blossoms in anew beauty, and the
mind is entirely freed from gloom and de-
ened at night and kept closed during spondency. "Favorite Prescription"isnota
the day. This is done to prevent rap- stimulant, containing no alcohol or whisky.
id curing, as rapid curing destroys the n Octobr 8 I gave brthto a babyand the
treatment I received at the hands of the midwife
ite of the leaf and gives uneven colors. left me with female weakness" writes Mrs.
Cordelia Henson, of Coalton, Boyd Co., Ky. "'I
It there are frequent showers and but had na health is m'L O ftor three y, Il ad
little sunshine, the barn should be another baby which was the third cIild. My.
lttle h the ba should be health began to fail and I had three miscarriages
closed and fires started in small char- so Ifoun myself completely worn out. I ad
so many pains and aches my life was a burden
coal heaters distributed throughout the to me and also to all the family, for I was narv-
oo and c.pa and I could not sleep. Just after
barn. These firca should bO coItiiinud my mla= m=nrriac tin 11.M) I w"s t1 fi;t 1
is long as necessary to keep the barn severe pain in left side. Had four doctors come
asto see m but at last I found I was slowly dying.
in proper condition. Where the char- The doctors said I had liver, lung and terrine
trouble. I was in bed for months and when I
coal heaters are not available, wood, did get up I looked like a corpse walking about.
I commenced to take Dr. Pierce's Golden Med-
which has little odor and as little ical Discovery.'Favorite prescription,'and'Pel-
sminke as possible should be used as lets,' and ever since then I have been a wen
woman. At my monthly period now, I have no
the smoke is taken up by the tobacco pin. My cheeks are red and my faee is white,
itefore it was as yUow as saffron."
and the odor or it is nouceaube long
after the tobacco is cured. It is very
important to dry out the barn without
giving the tobacco any foreign odors.
To obtain the best results the tobacco
should become fairly moist and be
fairly dried out once in every twenty-
four hours.-Marcus L. Floyd.
iExperience in Orange Culture.
I secured some fiat woods land in
town, one-quarter of a mile from wa-
ter, and planted out oranges and rough
0E10BS, in 1MI, I planted them a"va
with the ground, like an apple tree in
Illinois. They did no good, and in
1890 I found there was hard-pan, 12
to 18 inches below the surface. There
was no one here to tell about orange
culture, and I had adopted the plan of
the (then) orange belt, and planted
on the level. I was not long in throw-
Ing those trees over the fence, then I
cut a hole through the hard-pan with
a host-hole digger, and planted out
grapefruit and rough lemon seed on a
six-inch bed. In 1892, I found that
they would do not good, so they, too,
went over the fence. I then dug tree
holes, four feet square and four feet
deep, and kept the top soil, white sand
and hard-pan separate, going down in-
to the yellow orange soil under the
hard-pan. I then hauled a cart load of
muck and dumped down for each tree,
and left all exposed to the sun for
four months, and filled the tree holes
with saw-palmetto roots and white
sand to within six inches of the top.
I then set stakes midway between the
places for trees, two feet above the
level, then spaded in the hard-pan,
muck, and enough top soil to make a
bed six feet across and two feet high.
I knew the beds were two feet high
when on a level with the tops of the
stakes. I fertilized these beds and
planted out rough lemon trees two or
three yeaug old, in July, and It seemed
that they hardly stopped growing long
enough to harden up the wood. In
184 I budded the trees with grape-
fruit. The freezes of December 1894,
and February 1895, did not kill a leaf.
They fruited in 1898 and 1899, and
now, in 1900, I can pick from 80 trees,
that, I think, will turn off two boxes
each, next fall. They have never been
half fertilized, and that only with
cotton seed meal and lime. The trees
now nWm to be about ten inchcn Taove
the level, with short, strong trunks,
and the crown root weel up and limbed
out so low down that many of the
limbs touch the ground. I don't think
I ever saw other trees with so much
bloom and fruit, to their size.
It may do to plant trees on the level
farther north where the white sand is
29 to 09 feet deep, but it will not d4
here, where you always find water five
feet below the surface.
I am now fertilizing with tobacco
stems and a compost of cotton seed
meal, apd hulls and cow manure. I
prefer budded trees to seedlings, as
they are more prolific bearers. They
are lower, and the branches and fruit
rot much injured by wind. The rough
lemon and sour orange are the best
stocks, heavy bearers and have thin
skinned fruit. If I had planted my
trees with a one year old bud, I would
have had a paying grove in two or
three years less time.
Saw palmetto roots a foot under
the ground will never rot, but prevent
the ground from packing, and give
better drainage in a wet time, as well
as to permit the water to come from
below during a drouth, on the princi-
pal of hydrostatic balance.
The limestone rock of this country
is a sure sign of fertility, but must be
blasted out for each tree. The pine
land produces the healthiest grover,
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 2rr
but does not grow them as fast as
dooL !ammoi hnj. The lan-x with
yellow sub-soil are Dest. The lowest
lands in Lee county seem to be the
best for citrus fruits, where the tap-
roots can easily reach water, like tile
,Mionireippi delta, where the salt water
is eighteen inches below the surface.
In planting a tree I would cur the
teproot off, and three or four others
will come out in its stead. The grape-
fruit is a raining tree. It draws water
from the ground by means of its dense
foliage, and exhalees it into the air;
the rough lemon is the same. Botn
will often cause rain to fall from their
leaves on a dry day. The rough (Flor-
hia) lemon has the largest plexus of on the farm should be grown there.
feeder roots of any of the citrus fam- Another method of curing hay is to
ily, and will thrive on poorer soil. Th(
sc ur orange, the healthiest of the fam-
ily, hardly grows fast enough for th(
grapefruit, but if you will often split
the bark from the bud to the ground,
you will hasten its growth in size and
In a plot of ground 210 feet square I
would plant 81 grapefruit trees aboui
231/, feet apart, leaving a strip ten feet
wide between them and the fence, and
in the square between four grapefruit
trees, I would plant 64 tangerines and
King orange, making 145 trees to the
acre. After the land is cleared and
plowed It will cost about 65 cents to
prepare a bed for a tree, as I did.-Dr.
L C. Washburn in Ft. Myers Press.
Cultivation and Harvesting Cowpeas.
Cowpeas are planted broadcast or
in drills, very commonly between the
corn rows after the crop is laid by.
The amount of seed used varies from
four quarts to two bushels per acre,
the average amount being, perhaps,
about three pecks. If sown in drills,
eighteen to thirty inches apart, less
seed is required than when sown
broadcast. The seed will stand being
covered to a depth of two or three
inches, but care must be taken to plant
when the ground is neither too wet nor
too cold, as the peas rot very rapidly
under such circumstances. In regard
to excess of moisture cowpeas behave
like beans, and in the early stages de-
light in warm, mellow seed beds. Much
of the failure that has attended the
attempted introduction of cowpeas into
the Northern States is due to planting
before the ground is warm enough. It
must be remembered that this plant or-
iginated in the Tropics and that when
transplanted to higher latitudes it
iuakes its growth in the hottest weath-
er. It is even more susceptible to cold
and wet than is corn. Hence proper
delay in planting will permit economy
in the use of seed. Where the vines
are grown for hay. the yield will be
larger if the seed is planted in drills,
and cultivated a time or two. The yield
is also larger when only a moderate
amount of seed is sown and the vines
have more space and light and air be-
1ween them. It is also heavier from
late-planted vines than from the very
early ones. In tests to determine the
relative value of different named va-
rieties it has been found that, as a rule,
those which make the heaviest yields
of vines bear large crops of peas.
The vines should be mowed for hay
when the peas are well formed and the
leaves and pods are first beginning to
turn yellow. After wilting on the
ground or in the wffldrows from twen,
ty-four to forty-eight hure, the hay la
placed in small, thin piles, or cocks,
and allowed to cure for several days,
when it may be carted to the barn or
stack the vines in a pen or rack of rails
or poles so arranged as to allow the air
to enter every part of the pile. This
stacking over poles is best where the
vines are pulled, or where the trailing
and creeping sorts are used. The bush
varieties are the best for hay, because
of the greater ease with which they
clay be mowed and handled. They al-
so hold their leaves better than the
tanker trailing sorts. The yield of hay
varies according to the fertility of the
soil upon which it is raised, whether
it is grown on rich lowlands or on the
drier and more sterile uplands. In the
Gulf States cowpeas will probably give
an average yield of two or three tons
I er acre, while 4 to 6 tons are not un-
common. Farther North the average
will range from one and one-half tons
in Ohio to two and one-half tons in Ar-
kansas, Missouri and Tennessee. As
with other crops, the time of planting,
the character of the soil and of the cul-
tivation, and the amount of rainfall
have much to do with the yield.
Along the Gulf it is one of the best
l.ay crops. North of the latitude of the
Ohio River it is chiefly valuable as an
addition to the list of drought-resist-
ant, soiling crops and as a crop that
will yield a considerable amount of for-
age on soil too sterile to grow red clo-
ver. The commercial value runs from
$6 to $20 per ton, being governed by
the relative abundance of other grades
of hay and fodder. Its feeding value
is equal to that of the best red clover,
and the hay ranks high in palatability
and digestibility.-U. S. Department of
Leghorn fowls either white or brown,
will lay more eggs than the hens of
any other breed.
Take the perches out of the house,
cover over with oil and set on fire.
This will destroy the lice and their
Lice are usually, but not invariably
the result of unclean quarters. It pays
to watch for them all the time.
Never handle or jar any eggs that
are intended for setting. This rule
must be especially observed in turkey
It is not a good plan to set hens In
very hot weather, but when this is
(one they will do better if the nest is
made on the ground and well shaded.
Never send fowls to market in poor
condition. Scrawny fowls bring a low
price when poultry is in demand, and
will hardly sel at any price when the
iarikot Is full.
A good way to fatten a fowl is to put
it in close quarters and feed it all it
will eat five times a day. In ten days
it will be ready for market and will
bring a good return for the extra
stacked under sheds. The hay-making
proeess ie a difficult onLa auriP
more care and attention than in case of
led clover, because the broad leaves
and thick stems contain a large
amount of water. The hay must be
placed in coka before the lear-co be-
come brittle, and the piles must be
small enough to allow free circulation
of air to the center of each. Bright
cowpea hay, clean and well cured, is
worth as much as the best red clover
hay, and there is no good reason why
Ihe Southern farmers and planters
should buy the Northern grown article
for their working stock or for fatten-
ing their cattle. Every ton of hay used
ing ducks by nature it was expensive
to produce green ducks, The turning
of them out by the thousand made it
profitable, and now the demand for
them in the New York and Boston
markets exceeds the supply. Poultry
men with advanced ideas have made
this department a specialty, and now
there are several firms that raise these
greenies almost exclusively and in im-
To build barbed wire fence, you
need the Fence Builder advertised in
this paper by V. Schmelz, Sylvan
Lake, Florida. You save the cost
of it in one day's use. For unreeling
wire without carrying the spool and
stretching, and for reeling wire quick-
ly and easily. One man does the work
of four by the old method. It will last
a life-time. It stretches wire beyond
the last post and pushes the post
against brace. Adjustable to any po-
sition. Weight only 30 pounds. Send
If pure water and plenty of green
feed is given a hog during winter he
will not develop cholera.
That wid kill
all the weeds
in your lawn.
If you keep
the weeds cut
so they do not
go to seed,
and cut your
breaking the small feeders of roots
the grass will become thick and
weeds will disappear. Send for
THE CLIPPER WILL DO IT
CLIPPER LAWN MOWER CO.
TRUSSES, 650, $125 AND UP
We l t j et T.r..e a d
at FACTORYI PRIC, less thae one-thi 1 -
the rice charged by others, and W( -
IqUANTEE TpIT teMSPCBf*CTL. !
whether y own our Tr or our r1. 6 e1-
To1 B.ersi ute Trt-t, il!ustrzt;d above. cut this
al.t tin antd a~nni-t W~s artllilI rBairamn i
state your UHeikl Wlht, Age, hlw l4ng oU harV6 6bee
ruptured, whether rupuare s1 large or small; also state
number inches around the body on a line with the
rupture, say whether rupture is on right or left side,
and we will send either trw to you i ith the under-
.etandinf., iit It. r ..- t *f .d qB I. .n- t
r.M. .t r'ee tles er pr.t,youcan tturn It ad we
will return your money.
WRITE FOR FREE TRUSS CATALOGUE .r'ir h..is
ArnsEARS, ROEBUCK 4 Co. CRICA
The all-round cow and the all-around DO YOU GET UP
h2rst ar sa B asaas tse Tis Assii bt 3
agricultural papers, but the all-round W A LA J BA
hen has hustled up to the front of the'
platform and shoved the others aride. Kidney Trouble Makes Yoell seIrab
Wlelther fowls will do best allowed Almost everybody who reads the news-
i woul rtneKt or continued clositly in papers is sure to know of th@ wonamirtu
yards, depends entirely on the person '_j cures made by Dr.
who has charge of them. All things Kilmer's Swamp-Root
the great kidney, liver
being equal, of course, a large range is and bladder remedy.
best, if it can be obtained. But with '4 It is the great medi-
careful attention to his flock the man = cal triumph of the nine-
in close quarters, often makes the most tenth century; dis-
covered after years of
noney.-Texas Farmer. scientific research by
I Dr. Kilmer, the emi-
The Green Duk. - nent kidney and biad-
The rn-- der specialist, and is
The green duck is an innovation of wonderfully successful in promptly curing
recent years-that is, it has arrived in lame back, kidney, bladder, uric acid trou-
quantities quite recently. It has been bles and Bright's Disease, which is the worst
quantities quite recently. It has been form of kidney trouble.
considered a delicacy for a great many f Dr. Klmer's Swamp-Root is not reo-
years, but the trouble of producing it ommendedforeverythingbut If you havekid-
was so great that it never made its ap- ney, liver or bladder trouble it will be found
; just the remedy you need. It has been tested
pearance until within a very short time, in so many ways, in hospital work, in private
excepting as it graced the table of the practice, among the helpless too poor to pur-
epicure, says an exchange. As an ar- chase relief and has proved so successful in
i e an every case that a special arrangement has
ticle of diet, if provided by a compe- been made by whichall readers of this paper
tent chef at a hostelry worthy of its who have not already tried it, may have a
name, it will resemble the famous and sample bottle sent free by mail, also a book
telling more about Swamp-Root and how to
fast-disappearing canvas-back duck, not find out if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
that it has any gastrinomic features in When writing mention reading thisgenerous
connection with the scion of the duck offer in this paper and
family, but the prices are about the s end your address to
Dr. Kilmer & Co.,Bing-
same for a dinner with either as one of hamton, N. Y. The
the principle ingredients, with a small regular fifty cent and aomeon.at p-Bat.
cold bottle accompaniment. dollar sizes are sold by all good druggists.
The cognomen "green" duck is not S
= END MONlEY
bestowed upon the fowl because it has -. SNO N
any resemblance to one of the pris- m-J _3e as. Z eV and
matic colors, nor for any likeness to sen t us a souS
I | number Inches Mond
the green apple because it is unripe, | b oawe anS a
but for the reason that it is not ma- s Pl ush Ca-, to
-iu by express, C.
tured or seasoned, excepting with .a1it uo"
toothsome spices and savory filling nemin ans try ,
matter. The green duck is a duckling expred ereay
about eight weeks old, or rather a ti tor. es
duckling that will weigh' about four tund T
pounds. Some ducklings that are eight wL or ar
weeks old would be very green, while of, "y Leo.
other ducks that would weigh four r
pounds might be unreasonably high, chargesis
so the requirements of a green duck Jista.r i,=W"ii. -
are that it shall not be over two months This Circlar Plush Cuap Mr.. S
old, nor less than four pounds in sat, su aich-es oL et fa s.witeo
elaborately embroidered with oseish -adld
weight, and that it shall never have bea. illustrated. Tr ed al round'withOext
finellack T b@Fu heavug lunedi with wadmdn
ducked in the water. The production id berochnaot. i~
of green ducks is a new but thriving 0 NIl ftS?
industry. The introduction of artifi-
cial incubation made the industry prof- H Fi --a
itable, for under the old system of rais- 7W C I T = M
278 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Bedding Sweet Motatos.
The following sa a cheap and effect-
ive plan for bedding sweet potatoes:
Place plank edgewise on the ground
and secure with stakes driven into the
ground, thus forming a bottomless box
of the size desired for bed. The box
may be about 18 inches deep; next
place on the bottom green pine tops
to the depth of at least eight inches,
and pack down well. The tops should
contain as little wood as may be con-
venient; wet them well with water.
Then place on the tops about four in-
ches of rich soil, preferably sandy. For
the residue of covering form a mix-
ture as follows: For every bushel of
potatoes to be bedded take about five
bushels of fine stable manure and mix
therewith six pounds of Kainit and
four pounds of acid phosphate, or one
and one-half of muriate of potash may
be used in lieu of kainit; these ele-
ments correct the excess of nitrogen
irW the stable manure, and as a result
will give the plants a healthy send-off
Place the mixture to the depth of about
two inches, making in all about six
inches that is over the pine tops. Let
the bed stand thus until it begins to
heat In order to prevent the escape
of heat beneath the boards bank well
with soil at the bottom, especially at
A bed for this climate should be con-
structed about March 28 or 29. About
the 5th or 6th of April the bed will be
warm when the potatoes may be plac-
ed and covered with sand mixture to
the depth of about two inches. Many
people cover their potatoes too deep,
thus causing the shanks of the sprouts
to be long and slender. They should
be covered to a sufficient depth only
to keep the potatoes properly moist.
The bed should be well watered at the
start, and if the rainfall be scant water
thoroughly once a week thereafter.
In placing the potatoes, I prefer to
set them in rows across the bed about
eight inches apart, with two inches be-
tween the ends. The large potatoes
should be placed at one end of the bed,
the small at the other end, and the me-
dium mixed in the middle. The tops
of the potatoes will thus be in line,
which will enable them to be covered
to a uniform depth.
The vines may be left on the bed
until they turn from two to four feet,
when they may be cut into lengths of
three leaves each and set out in the
usual way, burying two leaves and
leaving one out.
What appears to be a better plan is
to construct a loose bed of proper
width In rich loose solL Then shove
the plants down to a proper depth,
preferably not sufficiently close for
them to touch. Then settle well with
water. Water occasionally until they
commence sprouting. Then dig up
and set out in the usual way. Do not
pull them up, least you break the roots.
Another Way.-When the vines run
out a proper length the buds may be
pinched out and left thus until suckers
make their appearance. When the suck-
ers get about one and one-half inches
long cut the vines off as aforesaid and
then cut into pieces of one leaf only.
The cuttings may be set with or with-
out rooting, taking care to leave the
top of the sucker above ground.
A second cutting may be procured
and treated as aforesaid, after which
the sprouts may be drawn and set out
in the usual way and the bed torn up.
It appears to be an undisputed fact
that more potatoes and better potatoes
can be grown from vines cut as afore-
said, than can be from sprouts. More
than this, it is generally conceded that The oranges were packed in barrels
better. Another advantage is that at with the same utter disregard for their
least three times the quantity of
ground can be set from cuttings.
Sprouts, however, are better for early
I will state here that I have used
stable manure, partially rotted wheat
straw, oak leaves and pine tops in the
construction of hot beds. They all an-
swered a fairly good purpose. In an
actual test I found pine tops much su-
perior to oak leaves.
Last year I used tops alone. The bed
potatoes grown from cuttings will keep
was constructed MBrch 29, April 6 the
potatoes were placed, the bed then be-
ing pleasantly warm. April 30 we had
a good bed of sprouts, large enough to
set out, but we let the vines grow for
cutting purposes. A sufficiency of sta-
ble manure was mixed with soil to
serve for fertilizer purposes, but we
depended wholly on the pine tops for
heat, which was ample and entirely
satisfactory. No kainit or acid phos-
phate was used, but they would doubt-
less have been an advantage,
The potatoes were placed six inches
apart, but I believe eight inches would
give better results. When setting out
sprouts they shoulabe placed no deep-
er than they grow on the bed. Cut-
tings should also be planted propor-
tionately shallow. The potatoes will
thus form near the surface where they
can receive the benefit of the heat and
From 1,200 to 1,500 bushels of pota-
toes are said to have been grown on an
acre. Hence the potato crop is a very
valuable one. To obtain best results
a well-rotted clover or pea sod, that
was properly fertilized, should be em-
ployed. If the sod be Impractical, a
fertilizer composed of the following in-
gredients, may be used: Nitrogen, 4
per cent., phosphoric acid, 7 per cent.,
potash, 9 per cent.
Apply in the drill about 700 pounds
per acre and mix thoroughly with the
Instead of the above a mixture of 200
pounds acid phosphate, 50 pounds of
cotton seed meal and 200 pounds of
muriate of potash may be used per
I will state here that there is no use
of bedding potatoes earlier than the
time stated, frequently to rot in the
ground. It is not a good plan to trans-
fer plants from a warm bed to the cold
ground. Hence the advantage of let-
ting the vines run for cutting purpo-
ses, as the bed and surrounding ground
will by this time approximate the same
By a plan that will hereafter be giv-
en the potatoes can easily be kept in
good condition 12 months.-Texas
Oranges in Cuba.
Regarding the culture of oranges in
Cuba, the following extract from the
Cuban Colonist may be interesting:
"The Cubans and Spaniards were
never willing to pay the price of labor
and attention required to the making
and raising of pineapples and oranges
profitable. Long before the war, the
industry, such as it was, had dropped
into the hands of the Americans who
systematically cultivated a few planta-
tions, shipped the products to the Unit-
ed States. The native owners of an
orange grove would gather their fruit
by shaking the trees or rapping the
limbs with poles. Fruit thus harvested
and shipped to this country, was natur-
ally in poor condition, and half the car-
go would decay on board the steamer.
tender qualities; and less system was
employed in this work than an Ameri-
can would give to potatoes. It was
only natural that shipping oranges to
the United States under such condi-
tions should prove unprofitable, and
that in time energetic Americans
should go into the business, and raise
and ship oranges at a good profit.
Oranges grow as easy in Cuba as
they do in Florida or California. There
are thousands of semi-wild groves
scattered throughout the island which
produce fruits so inferior that they are
f0 little value for market purposes.
thesee trees, however, can be budded
or grafted with fine Florida oranges,
and in two years be made to yield large
crops, of exquisitely flavored fruits.
There is an opportunity for making a
fortune in securing these neglected
groves-such as the early growers
ft und in Florida, when they first real-
ized the value of the wild Indian or-
The grapefruit, shaddock, lime and
similar fruits that have obtained a
mall foothold in .Florida grow wild
"It is.the little rift within the lute
which ever widening, makes the music
wute." It is just a little rift in the
health of a woman often, which gradu-
ally takes the spring from her step,
the light from her eyes, the rose from
her cheek and the music from her
voice. Perhaps the bug-bear which
Las frightened the woman from the
timely help needed at the beginning,
has been the dreaded questions, the
obnoxious examination, the local treat-
ments, of the home physician. There
-i no need for these. Nor is there need
for continued suffering. Dr. Pierce's
Favorite Prescription can be relied on
by every woman, suffering from what
i.re called "female troubles," to renew
the health and cure the disease. Wo-
laen are astounded at the results
o( the use of this medicine. It not on-
ly makes weak women "robust and
r(sy cheeked," but it gives them the
back the vigor and vitality of youth.
Free. Dr. Pierce's People's common
Sense Medical Adviser, 1008 pages, is
sent free on receipt of 21 one-cent
stamps to pay expense of mailing on-
ly. Address Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo,
State of Ohio, City of Toledo, Lucas
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he
is senor partner of the firm of F. J. Tl iC MA
Cheney & Co., doing business in the DChosMS
city of Toledo, County and State afore- V COPvInmGT Ac.
said, and that said firm will pay the quky as in ur onion fre~ e
invention to probably table Commununs
sum of ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS netionistvtlyoonaebw5t sndbol onoPatemn
e-nt free. Oidet afene for securing patents.
for each and every case of Catarrh Patent taken tbroh Maunn c rece
that cannot be cured by the use of ta hm" w trou rMinthe
Hall's Catarrh Cure. IC Wt
FRANK J. CHENEY. A haniame lyllostt weekly. Iart er-
culaton of any otaden1o urnal. Terms. 1 a
Sworn to before me and subscribed four mot 1 Sld bryall newedeiaes.
in my presence, this 6th day of Decem- NUll COo",-- WNew q
ber, A. D., 1886. A. W. Gleason, mme AS w t- ashistn. D
Seal. Notary Public. Western Poultry Farm,
Hall's Catarrh is taken internally, MARSHALL, MO.
and acts directly on the blood and mu- 4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
cous surfaces of the system. Send for It tells how to make poultry raising
testimonials, free. profitable. It is up to date. 24 pages.
F ..C & C ... .. Send to day. We sell best liquid lice kill-
F.J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0. er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
Sold by all druggists, 75 cents. band for poultry, 1 dos., 20 eta; 5 for a
cts: 0 for 50 cts: 100 for S1.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
Wih Jacksm's Alusil
MARK STOiCK ..EarITa ..
The food of all annals should contain i Always bright. Can't come out
a certain proportion of fat, 'heat and flesh- JACKSON STOCK MARKER CO.,
giving material. s samples sent fbee. St. Louis. Mo.
THE GREATEST OF SPECIALISTS
OFFERS TO THE SUFFERING
HIS SERVICES AND
Formore than twenty-five years Dr. J. New-
ton Hathaway has made a specialty of Female
Disease. During that time he has had among
his patients over ten thous-
and women, suffering from all
those many different com-
plaints peculiar to the sex,and
has completely and perma
nently cured more than 80 per
ent. of the cases he has
By his exclusive method.
which he has perfected during
the twenty-five years of his
most extensive practice, he is enabled to cure all
of these different diseases, including painful,
profuse or suppressed menstruation, prolapsus
all ovarian trouble, tumors and ulceration-In
fact, every form of those diseases which make a
burden of life to the great majority of women.
He has so perfected this system of his that he
can treat these cases by mail, without any per-
sonal examination (to which every sensitive
woman naturally objects) and without any oper-
ation, with its consequent pain and necessary
His system of treatment is taken in the pri-
vacyof the home; the cure is painless and tis
ONE LOW PSE.
Write him a letter stating briefly your condl-
tion and he will send you a blank to be filled out
He will give your case his personal attention and
care and make his e so moderate (incding all
medicines necessary) that you will not feel the
burden of the payment, and he will guarantee
you a positive cure. Address,
J. NEWTON HATHAWAY, M. D.
Dr. nathawar* .,
M mrynm Stret, savm hab, ta.
MlAiON TaIS APAPi WarN WarmTNo.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
1IDRgAL DwPA .
Address all communications to the
editor, W. C. Steele, Switzerland, Fla.
This is the botanical name of the
family of plants commonly called Hon-
eysuckle. With only one or two excep-
tions they are hardy, vigorous climbing
vines, all of them evergreen in Florida
and most of them hardy throughout the
United States. Probably the modt
common Is the native variety found
wild from New York to Florida. This
species, Lonlcera sempervirens, is an
evergreen, with bright scarlet tubular
flowers. This variety is known under
several common names, such as "Coral
Honeysuckle," "Woodbine," etc., etc.
In this State it Is very seldom out of
bloom. In very cold winters it stops
foi a few weeks, but goes on again as
soon as it warms up a little and from
March until after Christmas it Is never
found without powers.
Probably a close second would be L.
Halleana, commonly called Hall's Jap-
anese Honeysuckle. This Is if possible
a stronger grower than the other va-
riety and almost as free a bloomer, the
season being only a little shorter.
The flowers are pure white in bud
and when first opened, but turning a
light yellow as they fade. The ever-
green foliage is usually hardy in Flor-
Ida, yet the freeze of February 13, 1800,
took all the leaves from a large vine
south of our house and very nearly
killed the whole vine, yet this vine is
considered hardy as far north as New
York City. The difference is easily ac-
counted for. In the North the vine
becomes dormant in the fall and does
.ot start again until spring. Here ev-
ery warm spell starts It into growth,
and when the blizsards struck the vine
it was full of sap and tender growth.
L. Chinensis sempervirens, the Chi-
nese evergreen Honeysuckle, has a pur-
pl!sh tinge to the foliage and the flow-
ers are pink and white, otherwise
much like Haleana.
Probably the most showy and orna-
mental variety of the family is L.
brachypoda area reticulata, this is a
long name, but Japan Golden Leaved
Honeysuckle is not much shorter.
This is a variety with variegated
leaves, the predominating color of most
leaves in a tylial plant sl yellow. A
well grown specimen with well marked
foliage is very beautiful. Yet the va-
riegation Is not constant. There Is a
great tendency to revert to the origi-
nal plain gree leaves. It should be
planted on the north side of the house
so as to be protected from the heat of
the mid day sun.
One species, L. Tartarica, the Tar-
tarian Hon6ytUckle, Is an upright
bush, not a climber. The flowers are
pinkish white, opening In early spring.
For a screen to shut off the view of
unsightly objects any of the climbing
varieties are good. Being evergreen,
usually hardy here, they can be de-
pended on the year through regardless
of weather. Some of them bloom so
constantly that they combine the orna-
mental with the useful wherever
In my observance of various orna-
mental trees transplanted in many
Florida door-yards, I have noticed that
many Magnolias and Cabbage Palmet-
toes have been used. This is as it
should be, as far as it goes, as their
beantifnl afoler and tut*ey appear
dance amply prove. 'he red Oedar and
Southern Arbor Vittte are also mucn
in vogue in this vicinity. But I am Im-
pressed with the belief that the native
"scrub" Pine considering its many mer-
its has been altogether too much neg-
lected. Like the White Pine of the
North, it has a beautiful, fine grace-
ful foliage, and for compactness of
form, will far excel that popular va.
riety. In its native wilds, where ample
space is afforded It, it is at once an ob-
ject of admiration. Great precautions
should, however, be used in trans-
ferring it into Its desired place of
growth. My attempt in that line in set-
ting out the first two trees was a fail-
ure, as on lifting them from the soil
all the dirt fell off, leaving the roots
ful leaves in the wind, and when Sep.
tember comes, long white plumes will
adorn these and we will wish you were
here again to behold their beauty.
"'Is not your flowering garden an ex-
ceptional one?' you ask. No indeed!
There are hundreds, yea, thousands of
such yards in this vicinity to-day, and
many of them are much more delight-
ful to behold. No lover of flowers can
ever tire of California's spring display row secured a fine St. Bernard dog
or beautiful wild and cultivated blo- wvho is being trained to dismiss refrac-
some, and we wish every dweller of
the East could take a peep at them."
In the Springtime.
We have never said anything about
"tree peddlers." They are not numer-
perfectly bare. Then I took up two ous in Florida, yet they do occasionally
others of about fifteen inches In height, appear. The following amusing de-
with a portion of sod attached to the
roots, and by carrying them on a shov-
el to their point of destination, I suc-
ceeded in keeping the dirt from falling
off the roots, and in planting them thus
in holes already prepared for their re-
ception. At the proper time in the
spring they put forth their new shoots,
and are now growing more vigorously
than in their former, uncultivated
Hillsborough County, Fla.
A California April Garden.
The following from the Mayflower
Is a very interesting account of what
may be done in California. Our cli-
mate is as good, in some respects bet-
ter, yet they do unquestionably surpass
us in growing Roses and a variety of
pants. Much of this is doubtless due
to having a soil of greater natural fer-
tility. Yet that cannot be all the rea-
son, for a little effort and expense will
render any of our soil equal to the
best in California. This may seem to
be putting it rather too strong, but is
a fact that can easily be verified by
"Will you walk into my garden this
bright April morning? I have many
pretty things to show you while there,
as the spider said to the fly.
"Here are bright red and pink
Roses all in blossom. The Pinks are
budding out, the numerous Geranium
bushes are loaded down with large
flowers, and the big Syringa is covered
with its snowy blossoms from top to
bottom. That tall Fuchsia, abobt eight
feet in height, has stood at the north-
ern corner of the house, summer and
winter, for many years. It is just be-
ginning to blossom, while another Fu-
chsia, taller still, has been in bloom for
"Just stand on the front steps and
look to right and left. Do you see
those Calla Lilies? Are not those Ver-
benas handsome? Let us go under the
Rose-covered arch at the corner,
around to the side of the house. On
cur right is an eight foot board fence
all covered over for twenty-five feet
with English Ivy. The winter frosts
have not spoiled a leaf of it. At our
left are more tall Fuchsias, more Roses
and Geraniums, and as we pass under
an Australian Pea arch of powers we
go into the back yard.
"A back yard should be Just as beau-
tIul as the frmnt; and we think oura I
really the handsomer of the two. For
here Is a large Cypress tree with dos-
ens of songsters in its branches. Then,
iu one corner, is a rockery with Cal-
las, Sweet Peas, and Grasses. One
s'de of the rockery the ground is gold.
en with the California Poppy, a flower
all dwellers in the Golden State love
san satmirs Twa laku g clumpa o
Pampas Grass are waving their grace,
scription is of one flower-loving wo-
man's experience with one of these
gentry. They should always be given
as cold a reception as the climate will
"How many bright beautiful things
come to us in the springtime. The
brown bulbs that have slept cozily in
their warm beds during the long cheer-
less winter send forth their tiny green
shoots to be coaxed and warmed into
life by old Sol,who brings to all plant
life just heat and light enough to pro-
duce growth. All wise plant lovers
have ere the springtime selected and
decided upon the new plants and seeds
to be secured for the coming year, and
sent an early order on their seedsman.
"I wonder how many of the May-
flower readers ever purchased plants
and seeds of the traveling agent who
frequents many of our country places
ip the spring. Perhaps few, if any,
Leve had the experience I have in this
respect. This cumbererr of the earth'
will generally put in an appearance on
your busiest day-the day when ev-
ery minute seems golden, so many ne-
cessary things are to be done in the
brsy household. He will rap at your
door, walk in and take a seat; and
show you an illustrated book contain-
ing cuts of many leading plants and
trees, and beginning at the first page
will carry his long suffering, would-be
customer from the front page to the
last without a stop, if not interrupted
and told emphatically that he is wast-
"I remember one who came into the
house in the most suave manner and
told me he had been sent to me by
someone from a neighboring town, who
told him that I was very fond of flow-
ers and would doubtless take a large
order of him. When I demurred, he
Eaid, 'May I ask, madam, where you
purchase your plants and seeds?' I
told him from firms direct. 'A great
mistake, madam, a very great mistake!'
en exclaimed, with much warmth.
'You are losing money all the time. I
can sell you cheaper than the firms
"I told him, I could not understand
how that was, as the middleman must
be paid In some way; and he finally
said, 'Well, my plants are much better
every way, larger and finer than any
sent directly to the buyer even though
the price may be a little more.' Every
am witalh ahom I had 9r1sp aalt waS a
fraudulent concern whose principal aim
was to cheat their customers, and he
denounced them one and all, saying
the firm for which he was selling was
about the only trustworthy one, and he
its principal representative. He went
out to my Rose bed, denounced some
of the plants as small and inferior,
astjng hne always sold large plant, Af-
ter staying until dinner time and eat-
tory agents. This may seem over-
drawn but many of my friends in the
country will, I am sure, bear me out in
enouncingg the ordinary agents with
which the country is often flooded.
Years ago when we did buy even small
orders of them, we were almost invar-
iably cheated. The plants and trees
were many times inferior and worth-
less. To the uninitiated I would say
beware of agents. Select one or a num-
ter of good standard firms and let the
agent go on his way. F6r years I have
dealt only with firms and have excel-
lent success. There are many good
agents, but they have failed to come
my way.-Ella F. Flanders, N. Y."
T. Label Plants.
In a late number of Park's Floral
Magazine, we find the following dl-
'ections for labeling pot plants:
"The newest and most practical way
to label Dotted plants is to make a
stripe with white lead near the top of
the pot, using the fore-finger to spread
it, the stripe being made as wide as
the finger and long enough to contain
the name of the plant. When the
white lead is partially dry write the
name plainly with a good lead pencil,
and it will last for years without rub-
bing out and always look well. If at
any time the pot should be wanted for
a different kind of plant, the old name
can be easily scraped off with an old
knife and the other name put on in the
same way. Edwin H. RiebL"
Madison Co., Ill.
MATRIMONY AND CRIME.
"I began my career of crime," said
the famous criminal, "when I married
the second time."
"Did your second wife lead you
astray?" asked the sympathetic vis-
"Not so much as the first one. It
was she who preferred the bigamy
charge."-Philadelphia North Ameri-
THE CALLING FOR HIM.
"Why do you think he would make
a great college president?"
"He has such a cooking way and is
never afraid to approach anybody.
Why, I Delleve he would even have the
nerve to tackle Russell Sage with a
subscription list!"-Chicago Times-
NO OCCASION TO MAKE A WRY
First Young Lawyer-Semple got his
first case last night.
Second Young Lawyer-That so?
What kind of a case?
firni Younr Lawyerw--ir' rye -NOW
ing heartily, he took his departure,
saying he would bring a popular Rose
in return for his dinner, when his or-
cders came in. It is needless to say my
Rose has never come; and I never ex-
pected it, although the smooth-tongued
agent has twice since tried to sell me
. "I have tried locking screen doors
in summer with fair success, and have
:e0 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Entered at the postofice at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, sad devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
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Affiliated with the
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All communications for intended publication
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guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be ent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
sponsible in case of loss. When personal
checks are used. exchange must be added.
k.nly 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
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To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the ad-
dress of their paper changed MUST give the
old as well as the new address.
We now have an siee in Jacksonvillc.
Room 4, Robinson Block, Viaduct, where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to see any of our sub-
scribers. Any time we can be of service in
Jacksonville, drop us a line to above address.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 2, 1900.
The Department of Agriculture has
issued the second annual report of a
large forage experiment which has
been undertaken on a section of land
near Abilene, Tex. The ranges in that
section of the State have been rapidly
deteriorating and a section of land was
placed at the disposal of the depart-
ment for an experiment to be extended
over three years. At the end of the
first year a report was made which
was summarized in these columns and
which showed some improvement in
splte of the drought which continued
last year. At the beginning of the see-
cnd year the tract was inspected by
experienced stockmen, who unani-
mously placed its carrying capacity at
sixteen acres for one animal. The ex-
periments consisted, first, in a general
treatment with the view of improving
the yield of natural grass; and second,
in the introduction of new rorage
plants, both annual and perennial. The
tract was divided into nine pastures of
forty to eighty acres each, and man-
aged as follows: Pasture No. 1 had no
treatment except to keep the stock off
rntil June 1st, pasturing for the re-
mainder of the season; No. 2, cut with
a disk harrow and stock kept off until
June 1st; Nos. 3 and 4, grazed alter-
nately, with a rest of two weeks after
tabh grazing_ No. 5. grazed until June
and stock kept off for remainder or sea-
bon; No. 6, left as a check, with no
treatment, except to keep off the stock
tor the first year; No. 7, dragged with
an ordinary harrow and stock kept off
during the first season; No. 8, disked
end stock kept off for the first year;
No. 9, not grazed and seeds of various
lorage plant' sown upon tme sod. The ply hin nowl6d8, he 10 Ukoly to go io I vogotable and animal life ht ay fot
disking and harrowing were thorough- the direction where profit lies. Keep- a glimpse of that perfect love and per-
ly done. The report is faulty in leaving Img improved live stock enables one feet justice Divinity exercises toward
us utterly in the dark as to the effect Ic apply exact business principles to its creatures.
of these various methods of treatment, his farming. To illustrate: When live If intellectual vigor is given an out-
but the stockmen who originally placed stock is the foundation of the farm let on the farm, equally true is it that
the carrying capacity ot the range at economy probably half of the acres will intellectual vigor finds a noble field In
sixteen acres to one head of mixed be in permanent pastures. Upon these the farm home. There have been many
htock, or forty head to the section, a acres the stock will harvest the crop definitions of the word "home," all
Jear after fixed I't iai~nity St sixty= = olt:rltillK g~rsi- a its ?f, mutton 1gwigng soame nhase that appeals to
four head to the section, and in April speed, milk, or butter without any out- the speaker. An Inclusive definition is
following at eighty head to the section, lay of cash for labor. The remaining something like this: Home sl a place
the estimated capacity thus having acres, devoted to a suitable rotation and an opportunity for the complete
doubled in two years. Owing to the of crupo, will oiiM MtIJtllitP In the Vivelopmont of the bDhTainal, mBtal
scarcity of water it was not possible to alarm operations, the capacity of the and spiritual natures, and inferentially
test the estimate of actual pasturage, teams, the implements, and the men for the sane enjoyment of life. The
nut it is the conclusion of the agent in
charge that it will pay stockmen to
-ultivato pastures with disk or tooth
lharrows. It has not been, however,
::nd probably will not be, possible in
this experiment to distinguish the im-
provement effected by cultivation from
that which is the result of rest, and the
dependence upon "estimated" results
is also wholly unsatisfactory. It is
doubtless difficult and may be impos-
sible to find a section of range land
where water can be assured for actu-
ally pasturing stock in small subdivis-
ions, in which case we shall never get
Pny reliable information on tnls sub-
ject until ranges are leased and fenced
in large tracts by the lessees. Every-
body knows, however, that resting the
ranges will tend to restore them, while
if they are left free to be pastured
they will gradually be destroyed. We
do not believe that it will be doubted
by any one that the ranges will be
greatly improved by thorough harrow-
ing every year or two. In the smaller
plots set apart for the purpose a large
ii'libelr of forage plants were tried in-
cluding most of those which have been
proposed anywhere in the West, but
the climatic conditions of Texas are so
unlike those of the Pacific coast that
an analysis of the results would be of
little benefit to our readers. There are,
licwever, very promising results with
heavy plants, and those interested
should apply to the Department for a
c-py of the report.
Relation of lve-Btook Farming to
The following extracts are from the
address of Mrs. Virginia C. Meredith,
of the University of Minnesota:,
By the advanced farmer of to-day it
is clearly recognized that the pure
breeds of stock only are deserving of
his attention-that no other cla nimr-
its the devotion of his mental and ma-
terial efforts. It is true that in exten-
sive farming the foundation of herd
or flock may be, and generally is, far
from being eligible to registry; yet ev-
en there the successive sires are usu-
ally pure bred; thus the flock and herd
grow practically tI*Wgd purity of
breed. The sound commonsense which
(haracterizes the American farmer for-
bids him to keep horses, cattle or any
o:her live stock merely for fancy. The
open market is the ultimate arbiter of
values, and it is by this test alone that
pure bred breeds have come to their
present established position in farm
economy. Early maturity and quality
are potential factors in determining a
profit price, and so certainly do early
maturity and quality ihn rf In breed
that they can not be secured apart
from the blood of the pure breeds,
whether they are sought in ,he horse,
cattle or swine.
If one Chooses to acquire knowledge
of breeds and their adaptations, and
then has the decision and energy to ap-
required this year being just what it
was last year and just what it will be
Mct y'eair. The coarse products, such
*as stralw a :ll corn stover, which have
little value as fertilizers when return-
ed directly to the soil, have immense
value when utilized by stock, the sto-
ver as food and the straw an absorb-
ent in the stables, while the labor in
the summer during the active opera-
ticns of cultivating and harvesting will
in the winter be profitably employed
in the care and development of the live
stock that during the summer has had
the freedom of the pasture. On this
Farm tniere will be businv e the entire
year; there will be no waste of pro-
ducts that have cost labor and ferti-
lity; the crops will go to market in the
form of beef, butter, speed, draft, mut-
ton, wool, or pork, carrying with them
the minimum of fertility.
Quite apart from the enhanced mar-
ket value, pure bred stock has another
value which is not always estimated
at its true worth-the value of its in-
tience upon the intellectual life of the
l';:ily.v One only needs to go into the
family home on the farm where pure
I'red cattle, horses, sheep, or swine are
rtared to be convinced of the reality
and the beneficence of this influence. If
other proof is needed it aIy be had
by comparing or contrasting a home
on such a, farm with one on the farm
devoted to grain farming. It has been
said that wheat farming debauches the
mentality of the farmer. While this in
probably too strong a characterization,
yet it graphically suggests the mental
S\gor promoted by the life on the stock
term. There are some phases of the
profession of farming not always well
defined in our own thoughts; it is well
worth while to consider some of these
in their relation to the intellectual life
of the farm family. For example, the
tirTvl 9f acquaintance and the associa-
ticns which inevitably follow one's
identification with any particular pure
breed of live stock will widen the men-
tal horizon; also the range of reading-
imperative if one would keep abreast
of the advance being made by all the
pure breeds-will Itself strengthen the
wnSmrgta!nding and broaden the general
intelligence. Then, too, the stiidy Of
nature's methods, the mysteries of
heredity, the influence of environment,
bring one into intimate sympathet-
ic touch with the great forces or laws
that wait upon anu reward our intelli-
gence, or perchance punish our ignor-
ance. The more than human response
r: affection and absolute trust which
the horse, and even the southdown,
will make to the master's care teaches
the highellt Ip.ggn eonpo'r-ins our obli-
gation to others. And anl these lessons
are so easily, so imperceptibly, trans-
ferred to other planes of life. where
they influence conduct and destiny.
wnon onu apprtlatea intelligently ang
sympathetically the high privilege of
controlling the conditions that create
farm home offers peculiar opportuni-
ty for the development of the physical.
This goes without saying. A happy
childhood in the open air is the inheri-
tance of the farm child, and the force
of sunlight, pure air, and exercise are
well-night conclusive in determining
physical completeness. The nearness
to great forces in vegetable and ani-
nr.al life, if at all utilized, must awaken
rowers of observation and strengthen
the judgment by contemplation of cause
and effect-the direct adaptation of
means to an end so conclusively taught
by the recurring seasons and the con-
tinuous rouna of animate and inani-
mate life must have incalculable effect
upon the mentality.
The Ooming Ecllp
The total eclipse of the sun on May
2b, instead of passing over the sparsely
settled regions of the world, will cross
the States of Louisiana, Mississippi.
Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina,
and North Carolina, and will even
touch Virginia. The track of totality
begins on the Pacific Ocean just west
of Mexico, enters the United States
near New Orleans and passes in a
northeasterly direction until it reaches
the sea at Norfork and Cape Henry. Its
path then cross the Atlantle Ocean
and touches Portugal, Algiers and
North Africa, and will terminate near
the northern end of the Red Sea. The
eclipse will last one minutes and
twelve seconds near New Orleans, and
one minute and forty seconds near Nor-
fork. It Is probable that large num-
bers of people will take the railroads
to points where the eclipse can be seen.
A number of experimental stations will
be established by the government along
the path of the eclipse. The necessary
apparatus is now being gathered and
arranged, and men specially adapted
f9r the work are being engaged and are
trained. Congress has allowed M5,000
to the Naval Observatory and $4,000
to the Smithsonian Institution for this
purpose. The Naval Observatory will
send out two expeditions. They will
probably be located in North Carolina
and Georgia, 200 miles apart. The
Weather Bureau is collecting data of
the weather coatdtions In punt yearn
in the month of May for the localities
along the line of totality. So far they
ehow there is less chance of cloudiness
in Central Georgia and Eastern Ala-
bama and this is, therefore, the best'
region for locating-the eclipse stations.
The situations will be located two or
three weeks before the eclipse, and the
part which each man will take will be
thorough rehearsed. It is very impera-
t've to make no mistakes during the
minute and a half when conservation
can be made.
The Smithsonian Institute officers
will be under Prof. S. P. Langley,
those of Princeton University, under
Prof. Young, those of the Univerlsty or
Pennsylvania, under Prof. Stone, and
THE FLORTDA AGRICULTURIST.
the Yerkes Observatory will conduct
the expedition with Prof. Hale at its
hbed. Nearly every college and aden-
tific institution in the country will be
represented, and probably 100 expedi-
t:ons will observe the eclipse in the
path of the totility in addition to large
numbers of scientific amateurs, who
will make extended observations. Prof.
Brown, of the Naval Observatory, con-
alders that there will probably be
thousands of these unattached ama-
teurs. It should not be forgotten that
one of the finest sets of photographs
of the eclipse in India, in 1806 was ta-
ken by an amateur with a home-made
camera. The expeditions sent out by
the Naval Observatory will consist of
only five or six observers. The same
observatory has issued a little pamph-
let containing a map of the path of the
eclipse showing the various towns, rail-
reads, streams and elevations, and it
contains suggestions for observing the
The following statistics, gathered
trom the records of twenty-eight
years in the Jacksonville weather bu-
reau, are an indication of what may be
expected during the month of May.
The average temperature for the
month is 75 degrees. The variations
from this normal were the warmest
month, in May, 189, with tile average
ef 78 degrees, the coldest, May, 1891,
with an average of 73 degrees. The
highest temperature recorded in the
month was 98 degrees, May 25, 1878,
and the lowest was 46, on May 20,
The average precipitation has been
3.65 Inches; the average number of
Gays with a precipitation of .01 inith
or more has been 9. The heaviest
rainfall in any moIkh was 9.20 inches
in 1890, and the smallest was .51 inch
in 1889. The greatest amount of pre-
c'pitation In any consecutive twenty-
four hours was .71 inches on May 28-
20, 1890. The average number of clear
days has been 13; .ot partly cloudy
days, 13, and of cloudy days, 5.
Th6 ii fi |iBg WinaRs iav e mon from
the northeast, and the highest velocity
was 38 miles an hour, from the south-
west on May, 1893.
PeaRh Crates tor Oeoergle
A Plant City item in the Tampa
A special train consisting of twenty
cars loaded with peach crates left here
this morning consigned by the Warnell
I.umber and Veneer Company to H. W.
Taylor, of Marshalville, Ga., one of that
State's largest peach growers.
Next week another solid special train
of twenty-three cars will leave the
same mills for the Georgia peach coun-
try, and these, too, will be consigned
It ono .party with five additional carn
to follow in a few days.
The means that the Georgia peach
crop is ununually large this year, and
it also proves that the Warnell Lumber
and Veneer Company, Plant City, is
the biggest institution of the kind in
the Southern States.
The immensity of the business repre-
sentea by these shipments b1 not easily
Each of the cars in the special train
leaving here to-day bore a big placard
re adding, "This car is loaded with peach
crates manufactured by the Warnell
Lumber and Veneer Company, of Plant
Ajitj for I. W. Taylor. Marshalville.
-BETTER THAN STAYING IN.
Mother-Where in the world are you
Small Son-Goin' to play hopscotch.
Mother-Dear me, don't you know
it's pouring down rain?
Small Son-I've got an umbrella.-
New York Weekly.
"You didn't marry that widower with
"No; I could have married the wid-
ower all right, but I couldn't make up
my mind to marry the seven children."
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 25 cents; three weeks l0 cents.
JAMAICA SORREL--(Roselle) plants 2 duz.
25c, large M2c. doz.; extra large 30c. dos,
mo-s packed. postpaid. Fred 1Oc pack.: 25c.
o nc. E. H. THOMPSON, Avon. Park,
FOR SALE-A few thousand Carney Parson
Brown Orange. Marsh Seedless and Wal-
ters Grape Fruit Bye Buds. $5 per thou-
sand. B L CARNEY, Lake Wrir. Fla. 2
FOR SALE-Selected seed velvet beans at $1
per single bushe'. Reduction on larger
amounts on cars at Candler W. H. De-
LONG. Candler. Fla.
JAMdAICA SORRB! plants, by mail postpaid
for 25c per dozen Good sized plants ready
now. W. S. PRESTON, Auburndale. Flor-
sAo YOUNG FOWLS from whish to mki
your choice. White and Brown legho-.s,
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Ruff
of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cata-
logue and price list free.
5tf. E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
VItLA LAY'E ~uk aitES.
ruitland Park, Lake Co., Fla.
Offers for July planting 15 varieties of 2 and
I year citrus buds. For good stock and low
,rices, address. C. W. FOX, Prop.
1'61 SALE-- uracry ofl tl.umhea
Grapefruit Trees 4,500 buded. Box 271,
Orlando, Fla.. 4tf
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or money
refunded. W. IT. Mann. Manville, Fla.
FOR SALB-A few trios of Buff Plymouth
Rocks; a so eggs from two yards. not re-
ated. Mrs. F. HASKINS. Mannvil'e. Fla.
WE HAVE complete list American
Manufacturers. Can buy for you at low-
est prices and ship you direct from each
tUlaninAry. male-tinl of aill o Klll:a eI:
-Ines, boilers., incubators, windmills, or
anythingg wanted. Correspondence sollc-
American Trades Agency.
racksonvllle, Fla. 6tf
)UR VELVET BEAN HULLER is in
arrangements are perfected for loing
your work promptly; our capacity be-
Ing twenty bushels an hour. G-t y'iir
beans In early and we will store thrm
for you free of charge. Our charge for
hulling is but 15c. a bushel for the beans
after they are hulled. 60 pounds to the
bushel.-E. 0. PAINTER & CO., DE-
LAND, FLA. tf.
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
FOR SALE-4100 cash. Eight acres of
high pine land near DeLand Junction; 5
acres cleared, three acres of which arc
in grove, the balance of the tract is in
timber. Small house and a well on the
lace. Address, T. M. H., Care Agricul-
urist. DeLand. Fia. 'ty
rHF IT. S LIVE STOCK REMEDY as- prov
ed mont efficient in preventing ard curing
'log and Chicken Cholera and kindred dir-
eases. It is also a fine condition powder
'altS arrt in.esing If tear dea'lr don't
keep it we will mat it -o you on receipt of
price, 25c oer % lb. Liberal discount to deal-
ers. ISAAC MORGAN. gent, Kissimmee,
Splendid stock of
fruit trees and
plants, both trovi-
cal and hardy. use-
ful plants, as Cam-
Sphor, Coffee. Sisal.
for house or lawn,
as Palms, Bam-
b oos, Grasses. Con-
ifers. Flower I n g
S shrubs, vines creep-
ers -in fact "Ev erything for house,
orchard, or lawn." Low prices. Ele-
gant catalogue for1900, free.
It ASON II DItOB.
FOR PROFIT AND PLEASURE
Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultry.
m6Emm~r iTrAarrrIs owmrT rnI vnw
Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,
Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
Al the Standard Varieties of Orange, Lemon ; I Grape Frults to
stock. Also a complete as-ortment of the best varieties of Peeches, Plums.
Japan PerLnimneB, v. Pr, Apples, Mnlhlrrlea, BPis. Pecansa Grams, Or.
namental trees, Roses, etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
The most extensive propngtinj establishment in the Lower South.
largest and most complete catalogue published in the South, listing a
complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon applila-
THE GIFFING BROS. CO., """'
Olty Oflce and Grounds, 114 Main St.
Farmers' Attention -
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
*PR4YIN I OUTFITS,
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Bupplies
Poultry Netting WW"'T .n" Columbia Bicycls
CHARTER OAK STOVES,
CARRAHA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AoN PUiPS
WHITE FOR PRICE.
IOO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
PART RAIL, PART SEA.
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
S. .FROM .
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK.
BOSTON AND'"" EAST.
SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, OEOROIA.
Thence via Ship. sallinu, irom Savannah, Four Ships each week to New York ad Twn
to Bostoi. All ticket agent, and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write
for gt m ral information. suiling schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
Z. II. II NTON, Trace .*lgr., WALT R llAWEINS, Gea. Agt.,
savannah, a 224 W. Bay t., Jacksonville Pla
DO KEEP BEES?
No matter-my 64-page Bee Book
Itwill inte est and please you. I know it
wi I. It'sfree. Write today-theboney sea-
aon's coming J r s tln1ft WrPr-IPF-r
p SylvanLake, F.a
"CuSRlisgt Aum. IIut. Falr."
__ __ _ ___ _~ ___~_ __ ____ _~~
- - - -
282 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Address all communications to the
Household Department, Agriculturist,
aV ifvtosm .
our ,Ways of Oooking Zggs
To cook eggs in the shell so tha
they will be ijly;likc and emaily digest
ed they should not be boiled, but pu
in a saucepan, boiling water poured
over them and the saucepan, closely
covered, placed on the hearth. The
length of time to leave them in the wa
ter depends upon the individual taste
Cooked in this way, eggs will be soft
boiled in ten minutes.
In cooking eggs for salads the sauce
pan should be placed on the back par
of the range where the water will keel
hot but will not boil. The eggs wil
be hard but not leathery.
Dropped Eggs on Toast.-Put some
salt and one tablespoonful of vinegar
into water that is almost boiling in :
granite pan; Break and drop in the
eggs. Have ready some buttered toast
Take U the eggs with a skimmer a,
soon as done and place on the toast
sprinkle over a little salt and pepper
if you use pepper.
Eggs and Cheese.-Beat six eggs
add to them six tablespoonfuls o
anilk and six tablespoonfuls of grated
cheese. Stir over the fire till the mix.
ture begins to thicken. This is ver]
nice aid fully as nourishing as meat.
Creamed Eggs.-Cut hard boiled eggs
in hilves after removing the shells, cul
a slice of the round end. Stand them
in a heated dish. Mix one level table-
spoonful of butter with two level table-
spoonful of Sour, add, one teacup ol
rich milk or thin cream and stir until it
boils; season with salt and pepper and
pour over the' eggs, garnish with pars-
ley and serve.-National Rural.
In making up dresses of gingham,
Madras. pique, tc:a capcially when do-
mestic material is chosen, the goods
should be shrunk before cutting, ad-
vises Harper's Bazar. This may be
done by dipping the fabric quickly in
water, allowing it -to remain long
Aoirjte wae it thoroughly, but by no
means soaking i- Lift it from the wa-
ter and drain without wringing; hang
so that threads run straight, and shake
from time to time until almost dry,
then press carefully with a hot iron.
The rapid drying thus induced will re-
sult in. the desired shrinking. Heavy
linens and fine French or silk ging-
hams do not require treatment of this
kind, but these should be cut invaria-
bly amsardin, to their thread, atharwiac
they will be sure to hang unevenly af-
ter their first visit to the laundry. A
very common source of dissatisfaction
in the appearance of wash-dresses made
in the materials above described is to
be traced to the employment of a too
fine machine-stitch, which oftqn puck-
ers a seam badly, especially if the ma-
terial has not been shrunk previous to
making. Even with exceedingly fine
organdie a medium sized stitch is pref-
erable, -especially for long seams such
as occur in skirts. This is a defect in
home dress-making that should be
equally guarded against in the stitching
of veiling, -cloths, India silks or silk
ginghams. Even where stitching is em-
ployed as garniture, a smoother effect
will be gained by setting the machine
so as to bring from eighteen to twen-
ty-two stitches within the inch. In
stitching up bias. seams in gingham or
other wash fabrics these will be best
sustained backing them with a narrow
bias strip of same material. Stayed in
this way, there need be no fear of dis-
aster after laundering.-Ex.
Xaking the Home A*tractive.
lxccpt In rare luain unc, ihe woman
who has a home of her own, be it ever
ko simple and plain, desires to make
the spot as pretty as she can. The in-
stinct toward neatness and beauty dies
lard in womankind, but It can be ut-
terly destroyed by the slow process of
discouragement and the fact that no-
body cares. The truth is that human
beings need not only to see cleanliness,
but 'to see freshness and variety and
change; and the housecleaning should
be no more an object of pleasure and
interest to the woman than to the man.
There Is much she can do without
him. She can scrub the floor, but he
could and should whiten the ceiling.
She cannot paper the walls, perhaps,
though many a farmer's wife has done
even that; but give her the money, and
she will buy the paper and find some-
one to hang It. After her willing hands
have scrubbed away last year's fly
specks, any man who can handle tools
can make the frames for screens for
her windows and doors. If, besides
this, he buys the prepared paints, and,
ittle by little gives a fresh coat to the section between some meats and some
A o roomsB, L is no MOU thar n his
share of the task. Yet there are women
who only ask the paints, and will at-
tend to the rest for themselves.
Without the background of occasion-
al fresh paint and paper, the scrubbing
i. of little avail. With It. the woman
has a fair field on which to display her
taste and skill. Give her these and
you may trust her for clear shining
windows, spotless and pretty curtains,
fresh and bright coverings for lounges,
chairs and tables; dainty wall baskets,
well dusted book shelves, a few fresh
ferns or flowers or a growing plant in
the window. Give her thlBo boUe witi
the essentials which she cannot get for
herself, and you may trust nineteen out
of every twenty women to make a
pretty and attractive home.
And when she has made itr It helps
wonderfully if her husbad acts as if
he knew he had it, and enjoyed it. It
is no special pleasure to a woman to
create a comfortable and cozy sitting
room in which to sit and sew of an ev-
ening while her husband sits by the
cooking stove in the kitchen and
smokes his pipe and reads his paper,
as if the pleasant and attractive corner
were not the place for him.
Cleanliness may be next to godliness,
and a very nice thing In its way. but
Why should we be content with being
clean, when a little care and trouble
and money would make our houses at-
tractive and homelike ne well, We all
look forward to beauty as one of the
charms of the many "mansions" to-
ward which we surely and swiftly has-
ten. Why not cultivate our love of the
beautiful here? We are not thinking
< f the people who are so poor that they
cannot make any small outlay, except
for clothing and food; but of those
who can. And of these we are only
asking that which can be done consist-
ently with their duty to others and to
themselves. But a part of one's duty
to oneself is to give every side of the
nature its chance to grow.-Exchange.
Sharpies Cream Separators-Profit- e
Turnips are the usual accompaniment
of mutton. An especially nice way to
,erve them Is baked. Boil and mash
them, then put them in a baking dish
mixed with bread crumbs which have
liWn oakoiel In orenm. Scatter dry
crumbs over the top, and bake for a
ftw minutes in the oven.
Besides the saddle, the crown roast
and leg, the shoulder makes a nice dish.
IHave the bone carefully removed, and
l1 in the opening with a stuffing made
as follows: One cupful of bread
crumbs, one egg, twelve oysters. Juice
of a lemon, two teaspoonfuls of butter,
salt and pepper to taste. Sew up the
opening; roast quickly, basting often.
Boiled mutton is much esteemed, and
a tough leg may be treated this way,
ItB a long, alow cooking DrOeao down
the meat fibers and makes it tender.
Caper sauce is tasty with a boiled leg
or a cream sauce with chopped cucum-
Ier pickles and parsley is equally nice.
Late reports from the Manatee river
are the most encouraging ever sent
out from that productive region.
Foremost among the good news, is
the condition of the tomato crop. Some
time ago, it was rumored ana Deileve"
by some, that the crop of the county
would be cut down about half. Now
comes the surprising and yet true re-
port that, instead of a reduction, the
crop will be doubled.
Estimates previously given, placed
the tomato crop for this year at 50,-
000 crates. It is now certain that the
crop will reach fully 100,000 crates,
and there are good indications that ev-
en this estimate will prove too low.
The growers are still getting $2.25
per crate for their cabbages, and good
prices for the residue of the celery
crop. As for the orange groves, they
ire simply beyond description.
It is expected that the shipment of
tomatoes, in carload lots, from the riv-
r, will begin to move by May 1.-
something About Xeats.
A writer in Farm and Fireside gives
the following ways of preparing mut-
There are two kinds of meat that are
not fully appreciated by the average
housekeeper. They are pork and mut-
ton. Few meats are so susceptible of
being treated In a variety of ways, are
!O ""tr!isEs afl at m2 Ls-r a2 natAhR
The difficulty with this meat Is usual-
ly because it Is not hung long enough.
I never let a winter pass without hav-
ing two or three saddles of Canada
mutton which have hung one hundred
diays. It should be daubed with a
paste made of flour and water, so as to
protect it from the air, andh ung where
it will be kept cool.
Cook it raree,baste It carefully, and
serve with a jelly gravy made as fol-
lows: Melt a cupful of grape or cur-
rant jelly, and slowly add a tablespoon-
ful of butter. Let it come to a boll,
and add a tablespoonful of sherry wine
before serving. There are few dishes
that can compare with this.
All mutton should hang at least eight
or ten days; ti then seems to lose that
stringy quality, which is so unpleasant.
Remember that the strong taste is In
the fat, so that t Is desirable to trim
iruch of this away. Stand the leg of
i utton on a rack or couple of sticks
when you put t in the pan; this will
keen it from cooking directly in the
fat. There seems to be a curious con-
The Navy Bean.
It is not generally known that this
mnost valuable variety of bean can be
successfully grown in Florida. They
will not grow well in the rainy sea-
son, but if planted early In April they
are ready to gather in July, and caA
be cured under cover. They can be
grown of a very fine quality, and there
is nothing that "sticks to the ribs"
Pke beans when the farmer is hard at
The navy pea bean is a very pro-
ductive variety, as well as high-priced
in the market The Boston or Small
Bean is the bean which sells in Boston
market at 25 to 40 cents a bushel
above the ordinary varieties. Select
light, warm soil, and plant when dan-
ger of frosh is passed in the spring, In
drills two and a half feet apart, drop-
ping the beans about two inches apart
in the drills, and cover an inch deep.
Keep the soil clean an" loose by fre-
quent shallow hoeing, but do not draw
the earth up around the plants. Avoid
working amongrthe plants when they
are wet, as It will tend to make them
rest. One quart will plant a hundred
feet of drill.-Semi-Times-Unlon and
OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. T. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowled-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and stricture, without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nervous Disorders, Kid-
ney and Urinary ComDlaints. Paraly-
8iS, B166d P6oisning, RhfiUtlitiSf, Sa-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women.
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice is more than double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
cians, readily yield to his treatmcw'
Write him to-day fully? about your
case. He makes no charge for consul-
tation or advice, either at his office or
by mail. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D.
25 Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.
It Is reported that the big cypress
mills at Harney, on the river above
Tampa. are now operating on full time.
Their daily capacity of 85,000 feet of
lumber is said to be cut every day the
machinery runs. The entire output is
sold at good figures, ad more W asked
P OTASH gives coor,
faor and firmness to
all fruits. No good fruit
can be raised without
Fertilizers containing at least
8 to 10% of Potash will give
best results on all fruits. Write
for our pamphlets, which ought
to be in every farmer's library.
They are sent free.
GERMAN KALI WORKS.
o Nula St., New Yrk.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 288
Address all communications to Poul-
ty Department, Box 200, DeLand, Fla.
Replying as you requested to Mrs.
Carrie B. Reede, enquiring as to how
to rid the premises of jigger or Texas
If she yards the fowls the pests can
be easily vanquished and I think she
will have to if she does not now-for if
they have the run of the farm it will
Lt almost impossible to get rid of them
entirely. First, I would aavise to rake
the run, clear off all trash and burn
it, then. if the ground is made white
with gas lime and fowls' legs, ear lobes
and wattles anointed with vaseline,
made strong with the oil of pennyroyal
-and this repeated every three days
until the flea disappears, which will be
in less than two weeks if the work is
well done, Gas lime is a refuse of
coal gas factories and can be had in
any city, and the cost does not exceed
$5 per ton. Another remedy is to spray
the ground thoroughly with kerosene
emulsion-made strong. I would ad-
vise putting a moth ball (only one) in
the nest box where the hens lay.
Respectfully, E. W. Amsden,
Selection of Breeds.
Which are the best breeds is an in-
quiry oftvn rwevlve, aUd it t1 Impel-
ble to give a satisfactory reply, as each
breed has its advocates. There Is no
breed that will serve as a superior egtr-
producer and yet excel for the tacb.
tardiness ii.'-st be principally ( ,nlJ-
ered. If the climate Is cold th_ A.si-
sties should prove excellent for a large
city lot, as they are contented in con-
Inement; but then there is the heavy
feathering on the legs and toes. whiei
is objectionable In wet weather. The
Plymouth Rocks are more suitable tfo
a damp location, but are not as eon-
tented in confinement as the Brahm:ts.
The Plymouth Rocks, however, are
equal to any breed for hardiness, egg
production and the table combined,
yet there are breeds that rival them ias
layers, and they are not equal to sorme
for the table, but as a "combination
breed" they rank high. The Laig-
shans perhaps surpass them in some
respects, but many object to bla:-k
fowls. It is a very difficult undertak-
ing to decide on any one breed as thle
best, because what may be lost in one
respect can be gained in some oth:- 'Ii-
rection. It may be added, n'so, that a
"breed" consists of many bilrdg, andl
Small are not alike, hence there are mer-
itorious breeds and flocks. No person
can claim that a particular breed is
best without meeting with some oppo-
aition, as each breed has its alnuirers
who are willing to affirm that it is su-
perior to all other breeds.-Farm :lad
The First Broods.
H. B. Geer, writing in Southern Cul-
tivator about young chickens, has the
following to say:
Range is a good thing for the young
chickens after the season has opened,
tihe green grass, and bugs and worms
aire plenty. But, for the first broods,
those that come while the earth is still
barren and the frost is still in the
ground, range is of very little value.
Indeed, if turned out with the hen to
roam about, then range is more of a
detriment to growth and vigor than it
is a benefit.
The first broods will stand a great
deal of pretty close cooping, and they SEE D! SEED
will thrive by it too. SEE De e
A coop-a good, roomy coop-about
two and a half by three feet, with a
wooden botton (that should be detach-
able) and a waterproof top that may
also be taken off at pleasure, a slat or
wire netting front, with a door at the
t-ld, of course, is the kind of a home
lor an early brood. It is better than a
range of a ten acre field while the
I'ights are still cold and the mornings
frosty or chilly.
Keel) the len cooped all the time and
let the chickens have their play of run-
ling in and out during the day. Keep
f esh dry sand and small gravel on the
1-ottom of the coop-it's better and
Sicaner than straw or grass.
As to lice, there's not many after the
in st hatched chicks, and what there Is
may be killed by rubbing the shanks
of the mother hen with kerosene twice
a week. That's all the 'lice-killer"
that will be required. The chase will
become hotter and the fight stronger,
however, as the warm weather comes
on. Then the oil must be used in the
bottom of the nests of the layers and
setters, beneath the straw of the nests,
on the roosts, in the bottom of the
Feed the first brood often and give
them some vegetable and meat food
too, always cooked and cut up finely.
Early broods are desirable, and, ta-
hfa as a whele, they are less trouble
and more satisfactory than those that
come later. But, of course, all the
chicks can't be early ones, only a few
ft the season's hatching, but which we
shall point to with pride as the sea-
Color of Chicks.
Do not be discouraged if chicks (do
rot appear true to color when 'latehed.
No chicck are hatched entirely blaulk,
as there will be some white on them
when they come out of the shells. This
. tile case with the Langshan.l. Black
lava, Black Spanish, Black IIambuig
and Black Cochin breeds, but after the
leathers begin to take the place of tlt',
down on their bodies the white passes
.iwaty and the chicke soon beomne -n
Irely black. If the chicks from white
'reeds appear to have "off-coior" they
viili become a correct color later on. In
act, sometimes when the chicks are
pure white it may denote that they
were not strictly pure, but a few years
:nore of breeding will fix the color, as
lie darker birds of the white breeds
ire all being culled out.-Farm and
F. W. King, the harness-maker,
made yesterday what was probably a
the largest belt ever manufactured in
this State. It was made for a gentle-
'tan in this city, and is five feet two
inchess in length. Messrs. King, Burk-
'-m and Shaw got into the belt, buck-
'ed it and had room for a couple of
Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gaines-
ville to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now olfer special induce ents to pur-
chasers of Seed Oats, Seed Potatoes, Velvet Beans, etc.
ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE SEED
READY FOR DELIVERY.
Address all orders and inquiries to
P. F. Wi SON, Jacksonville, Florida.
MALLORY sbTEAMsHIP LINE.
... .. IPfsreaager Ie-rvce.
lorid 1 To in- e clobe connec-
Sornw Ih sit amenrs leave
NewV YorIk Jaclonile (Union de-
pots Thursdays t:20 aO. min.,
Phila= (F t i& l1 or Fernan-
d:am 1::Op. n... % is Cerm-
delphia 8& eriaid rte.n r; mtila
el oue., or" *l rail' Il
BOStJl ;:i; )i.rltn. a ;:4l.:p EI.,
B_ oston Ual,. h iltsalcrk I:,t'1 p. m.,
[I -I labseserLea on arria, lgo-
From Brunswick direct to ng dir cl ly alvoard. l eam-
New York. el.
1OP8EII AISLING8 for MA-i 1900.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICL ;A., DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY AS FOLLOWS:
S. S. RIO GRANDE .......... .............. .... ..Friday, March 9.
8- f. fCOIOBAPu.'. ,...: si. .. a,,. . @, Friday. March 10
RIO GRANDE..... .......................... ..Friday, March 23.
S. S. COLORADO ...................... .. ........Friday, March 30.
SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO BRUNSWICK, STEAMERS LEAVE PIER St
E. R.. BVYFRY 1kI1)1AY. 3:00 PF. M_
For general information, steamers, trains, rates, etc., apply to
BASIL. GILL, a:ay Street. Jacksonville, Fla.
H. H. Raymond. General Southern Agent, Brunswick, Ga.,
C. H, Mallnrv y Co, eneral Age-,. ';ier M2i. R, aRwl M PBrOtdfay, ?. Y
C. *p* **~C~ELF 1n
S ~ ... E'T N AR
.0..; AI F S 10
oys besides.-Gainesville Sun. GAO ENGIN
Eureka Harane Oil Is the best
preservative of new leather I grow paying crops because they're
and the best renovator or old 1 fesh and always the t. or
enand prot U PAE II i saleeverywhbere. Retse substitute.
I Eureka IL -- U 11Iere|
I -Stck to W 's an prspe
H Earess Oil to te t s
preervves 0 l nbot i he uhed Page peneen it is scpndsns Yes"
FF WIPAE W :EN tlItl. II-NCIt CO.,DlIIlAN, NICI.
on your best barney, your old hbr-
ness, and your carrlage top, and they
will not only look better but wear cIk- ,m
longer. SoldeverywhereIn cans--l l Tr.u.k. Hant Co. caut
lea from bhal plntb to five gallon. Fen t is lstMng ld o Le
Sntim d uol uts.
ice a. charles Ot
284 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
You certainly would never consider
"Rissy" as a Gibson type. Neither
had I expected to meet any such mod-
ern or cultured person. Still, Rissy
was a type. You had to admit that
when you knew her. Simply a plain,
hard working New England woman, be-
come eccentric by force of circum-
stances and environment.
My introduction to her was in this
wise: A small, congenial party we
were, and we had been camping for a
season at a picturesque little lake in
New Hampshire. We were driving
through the country, and were notw
homeward bound through the prettiest
mountain scendy imaginable.
It was all most novel and rather ex-
citing for me, perching as I had been
on a somewhat precarious throne of
college pillows, dress suit cases and
heaven knows what in the way of
camping out paraphanalia. At the end
of twenty miles I was secretly glad
when it was suggested that we halt on
the way and pay Rissy a call. More-
over, I greatly desired meeting her, as
I had been told she was a character
well worth steering miles out of our
course to meet.
In addition Rissy had had a romance.
I marvelled at this when I first knew
her. Later I changed my mind con-
cerning the possibilities of sentiment in
her case. For Cupid ever selects his
victims in the most erratic fashion.
Several of our party were old ac-
quaintances, so we were most warmly
and hospitably received, when we final-
ly drew up before her modest home.
"Dear suz! I want to know if this is
really George and Harry Smith? Well,
it does beat all how you boys do grow!"
she said, gasping. "'Member you?
Certain I do! Didn't know but you'd
get so bigoted through goin' away off
so fer to college, you'd never come an'
call on me agin. You heard I was mar-
ried? Oh, well"-with a simper-"I
s'pose I be. Water? Here's our dip-
per. We got it to the cattle show.
They wus given on 'em away. Ezry
says it's a sooveneir. Land, I've got
tumblers enough! You rather hev the
dipper? You certainly hev caught me
looking' like all possessed."
Poor Rissy! Our visit was in a way
an event in her life, limited as it was
by infrequent trips to the distant meet-
ing house, and her annual outing at
the cattle show. I studied her as she
posed unconsciously by the well curb
and tried to picture her as she must
hrre looked in girlhood. Tall, full six
feet, her angular form was clothed in a
curious kind of garment so patched
and pieced with variegated calico that
you saw little of the original pattern.
It was buttoned from neck to hem with
a miscellaneous collection of buttons,
from horn to those of large white
earthenware, over a form as devoid of
feminine curves as her own ironing
board, flat and unlovely. The large
mouth seemed wholly lacking teeth.
And as her habit seemed always to be
one of open mouthed admiration and
wonder, it was not an attractive fea-
Just here let me add I blame no one
in that section of the country for the
deficiency of teeth. Fancy being com-
pelled to depend upon the movements
of a travelling dentist who practiced
his profession only when the mood
seized him, or his chronic malarial con-
edition suggested a change of scene and Them hens-land! I dunno what I
diet, preying in his rounds upon the should a done 'thout 'em. I'd had to
hospitality of the generous country keep killing' on 'em off all winter to live
people, incidentally extracting teeth on, till finally they wus unly the old
with a murderous "turnkey," taking rooster and Speckletop left. I brought
desultory impressions of his victims' 'em both into the house finally etr com-
jaws. And the artificial teeth-you re- pany. I killed old rooster first. Fer I
ceived his solemn promise to have them did hate to part with that hent She
the following year. More often you was a regular pet. An' so khowin'!
found the promise an empty one, and "It snowed stiddy ter a week. I used
if you did succeed in getting the teeth to set in the kitchen winder an' look
they were bound to prove a misfit. cross lots an' watch old man Williams
Small wonder His impressions were goin' out to his barn regular every
bound to get sadly mixed. You were morning It used to kinder chirk me
almost certain you were wearing Dea- up to see something' movin' around. Fi-
con Jones' impression and vice versa, nally, one morning I missed him. The
If you rebelled you were told your next two days I watched for him but
"gums had shrunk." So one could not he never come out. Then I noticed
blame the suffering public for prefer-
ring to go toothless.
But Rissy-Rissy had a painful habit
of gasping-drawing in her breath
when greatly interested in conversa-
tion-that to a stranger was ludicrous
and alarming until you got used to it.
It was especially grotesque, owing to
her lack of teeth. Her hair must once
have been pretty, but now it was sparse
and unlovely, and drawn painfully tight
into the smallest knob at the nape of
her neck. Her eyes-ah, her eyes!
They were really fine. Deep, dark
brown, pathetic and trusting as a faith-
ful dog's. I could understand better
now the romance in her life. Those
eyes-that must have been the charm
which won for her a lover.
We were invited into the parlor, but
declined. No. I knew that parlor-
low in ceiling, illy ventilated, stuffy.
There were possibilities of wasps. The
green paper shades were lowered, but
in my imagination I saw it all. The
comfort torturing hair furniture, family
albums, the ugly worsted tidies, the in-
evitable wax fruit under its glass case.
On the whole, the fresh air and charm-
ing outdoor surroundings were infi-
,'So you boys hadn't heard about Ez-
ry's coming' home an' the old man dyin'.
I want to know!" with a gasp. "Wal,
you bein' so fur away I dunno how you
would hear, Ithica or New Haven,
wus it? Why, that's most to Albany,
hain't it? I had a cousin that went to
Albany once. You want to know all
about it. Oh, wal," depreciatingly,
"they ain't much to tell. I dunno
where to begin.
"You see Ezry got mad at old man
Williams-yes, that was Ezry's father.
you 'member. So he jest pulled up
they wa'n't no smoke coming' out of his
chimbley. It worried me considerable.
I got to thinking' the old man might be
dead-he bein' so feeble. So I jest
fixed up an' ploughed my way through
them drifts to his back door. No one
movin'l I pushed open the kitchen
door, an' my land You better believe
I was scart! No fire, no nothing An'
there lay the old man jist about froze;
lyin' flat on the floor, an' the snow hed
drifted in across the room.
"Oh, dear suzl What a time I did
hev! I see he wa'n't dead, unly jest al-
most froze an' weak. I made him com-
fortable as I could, an' then I went to
see about the hens. Poor critters! All
froze stiff as pokers; hedn't hed no one
to feed 'em for days, I s'pose.
"I got home best way I could, an'
there set old Speckletop, comfortable
an' sassy, right on the softest feather
cushion I owned. She hopped down,
an' looked up in my face so kinder
knownn. Yes, it does make me cry
when I think on't; she knew more'n
some folks do, she certain did. But it
had to be. Yes, I had to kill her. I
hated to, dretful. An' my land! the
sorrowful, reproachin' look she gave
me haunts me.' But you see I knew
old man Williams wus goin' to die un-
less he hed strengthening' victuals. So
I jest bed to harden my heart an' kill
Rissy drew her hand across her eyes
to brush away. the tears, and we all
"They ain't much more to tell, unly
old man Williams said I saved his life.
An' I dunno but I did. An' somebody
told him they knew where his boy Ez-
ry wuz. An' the old man, known' his
end wus near, repented an' writ Ezry.
An' En hnmo h tcramn lcet in timn trr
stakes an' went clear out West-Iowy. i. ..
Suddint it wus, too. You see he'd bury him. Wal' it kinder seemed
t i t h'd temptin's Providence fer me to live so
been coming' here to see me, off'n on, kin de r lonely as I did. An' Ery he
long before mother died, so folks up an kinder lonely as I did. An' Ezry he
sez, when he went away, Rissy Johnson pulled down the rail fence across thett
medder lot. An' time of the cattle
wus disappointed. I dunno as I wus, show this fall he took me, an' we up
though. I hain't no hand no way to a'
ever depend much on men folks," with an' went to the minister's an' got mar-
a sniff. e
"'Twas last winter time we had that "Sudint? Yes, 'twas, at the last. An'
great snow storm-kind of a blizzard I I hain't got no weddin' dress yet, nor
guess 'twas. We live so fur off'n the no meeting' hat. What they wearing' fer
main road they hain't no passing' ex- hats?" she eagerly inquired. "I dunno
ceptin' in summer time. We're all as I should want one so plain as yours,"
shut in. The unly neighbor they wus surveying my own "Knox" with unfa-
within three mile wus old man Will- boring eyes. "I'd reckoned on having'
iams, an' he an' I hadn't spoke sence something' a little mite more dressy
he put up that rail fence across one iwhen I git one."
end of my medder after mother died. I "Ah, yes. Have roses-pink roses--
He was certainly as contrary an old plenty of them," I suggested recklessly.
critter as I ever see. But land! I "You don't think they'd be too
knew I wus in the right on't an' I nev- young?"
er give in. Here our gallant escort announced
"So here I wus alone. Shet in by that the sun was getting low, and
great snow drifts, so big it took me all shouted, "All aboard!" I scrambled
day most to get out to the henroost. once more to my improvised perch,
Reotns of sraenrg Caued y am As
Iseat -Mr. Sltas BIMll of Aa
ipk Web, Owes His LAtl
to a remown ed xeimdy
Th following story told by Mr. Bell
will be read with considerable interest:
"In the sum-
,wa mer of 98 I sun.
^\- \ tained a serious
injury by having
\ the tines of a
TL pitchfork strike
me In the left
l s knee.The wound
soon healed, but
I did not ejoy
-- the same health
I had previous to
the accident, and
it was but a short
Pork uck in te ee. that I was com-
pelled to take to my bed on account of the
severe pains throughout my limbs and the
stiffness of the Joints. A physician was
called and the knee lanced three different
times. The disease was at first called sciatic
rhetuntism, but afterward the physicia..
desiawi.d it as blood poison. During thit
time uas all run donn physically and it
seemed to that I had hardly any blood.
My kidneys, heart and lungs all seemed
affected, and once when I happened to
bruise one of my fingers the bloodseemed to
be light and watery and not the eolor it
should be. I had five different physieims.
They said that the upper portion of one of
my lungs had become affected and I could
lee that they did not entertain very much
hope of my recovery.
"I was confined to my bed for eleven
weeks and derived but slight benefit from the
treatment tat had been iven. One day in
the course of a conversation with a cousin
he remarked that I might try Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills for Pale People.
"Perfectly willing to try any medielne
that seemed likely to cure me, I began
taking the pills. In about three weeks a
noticeable improvement was observed.
Gaining in health and confidence in the
curative powers of the pills I followed di.
reactions closely, and took in all ten or
"Tir stiffness in my joints and the severe
pains had left me and I felt like myself
aain. I verily believe Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills for Pale People saved my life.
"Anyone who would like to hear more of
my suffering and remarkable cure can dp so
by calling on me or addressing me care of
C. Livingston, Randolph, Nob.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this
2Sd day of Nov., 1899.
H. G. FISHBn, Notary Pu&ie.
All the elements necessary to give new
life and richness to the blood and restore
shattered nerves are contained, in a con-
densed form in Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
for Pale People. At druggists or direct from
Dr. Williams Medicine Company, schenec-
tady N Y., 60 cent. per box, or six boxes
and we swung out into the mountain
road and homebound once more.
I had one regret: We had not met
"Ezry." It had been a romance,
though. And Rissy had seemed quite
a heroine in my eyes, especial dar-
ing the recital of the sacrifice of Speck-
letop. Nor had the element of love
been lacking. How did I know? Ezry
came forth as we were leaving the
house and drew a pail of water for
Rissy without being asked. That was
in itself all the evidence I required, and
Rissy herself as she lingered at the
gate. It formed a pretty picture-the
background of blue, smoky mountains,
the old shingled, gray weather-beaten
cottage, and Rissy herself, with the
lingering beams of the setting sun ideal-
izing the homely features and burnish-
ing the faded hair until it was almost
I turned my eyes for a final view.
Rissy still hung oi the gate-open
mouthed, I have no doubt. I was able
only to see. as the distance length-
ened between us. that a bony hand was
flopping the air ever and anon. And
thus cordially did she speed us, her de-
To succeed a man must have two
things-character and credit, L
TH1 1 LORtbA AGWICULTIZST. 2MIs
PEN AND B1O80B.
Probably the heaviest man in the
world is Willie Stout, who, though on-
ly 21 years of age, weighs 711 pounds.
While Wll:am was attending an Elks'
reunion in Buffalo, a large crowd was
standing about talking to him when
an old lady behind him, who doubted
whether his adipose tissue was as sub-
stantial as it looked, stuck a big hatpin
in his side. She thought he was blown
up in some way, but the yell he emit-
ted convinced her that he was the real
The fantastic "pelling reformers"
who would make a comic almanac of
the dictionary if they had their way,
have struck a snag in Chicago. The
senate of the Chicago University has,
according to The Times-Herald, "de-
cided to prohibit 'deformed' spelling
in the publications of the institution.
As the senate is the highest authority
on educational matters in the Univer-
sity the attempt to joshbillingsize its
voaenulary will slumber indefinitely."
More patents were Issued last year
to citizens of Connecticut than to
those of any other State. There was
one patent for every 945 Nutmegs.
The inventiveness of the Connecticut
folks Is familiar enough, but It is
rather surprising to find that Oklahoma
stands fifth on the list, following the
District of Columbia, Massachusetts
and Rhode Island in that order. New
York, though seventh on the list, is
credited with nearly 4,000 patents, a
larger number than was issued to any
There is room for just thirteen per-
sons in each of the automobile stages
that are now operated on Fifth avenue,
New York City. If the horseless car-
riage results in nothing but the aboli-
tion of the thirteen superstition it will
be well worth all it has cost.
A minister in a town not a thousand
5'6l iwipi, Obi e recent Budar our
praised his audience by reading the fol-
I wing announcement from the pulpit:
"The regular session of the Donkey
(lub will be held as usual after the ser-
vice. Member will line up just out-
bide the church door, make remarks
and stare at the ladies who pass, as is
their custom. Any member known to
escort a lady to church like a man,
and sit with her like a gentleman, will
he promptly expelled from membwre
ship." The effect was marvelous.-
Penfleld, (Pa.) News.
Through the efforts of Prof. John
Milne and Prof. George Davidson, an
'earthquake pendulum," eating 280,-
has recently been sent to Hawaii,
where it will be employed to study the
tremors to which our newly-annexed.
Island group is subject. This under-
tPaing forms part of the great nsoamlo
survey of the world, through which It
i hoped to obtain a fairly complete
knowledge of the location of the earth
quake centers of the globe, and of the
direction and intensity of the earth-
quake waves which radiate from them.
The station at Hawaii will be among
the most important.
Over in Germany there are 5,000 chil-
dren in one district alone who are em-
years of age. They are taught the art
of dressing a doll at the tender age of
four. At the same time, according to
the compulsory education law, they are
obliged to go to kindergarten school
for at least one year, and that term is
devoted to such things as making dolls
and dressing them-doing everything,
in fact, except molding the heads,
which is done by men expert at the
business. After that the German chil-
dren have three or four years of study,
when they are allowed to go into the
doll and toy factories to add to the
daily Income of the family to the ex-
tent of a few cents a day.
Generally speaking, races living at
high altitudes have weaker and more
highly pitched voices than those living
in regions where the supply of oxygen
is more plentiful. Thus, in this coun-
try, among the Indians living on the
plateaus between the ranges of the
Andes, at an elevation of from 10,00M)
to 14,000 feet, the men have voices 1 ke
the women and the women like thei
children, and their singins is a shrill
In Australia the servant question has
reached an acute stage. The New
South Wales legislative assembly has
tarried through its preliminary stage a
domestic servants' regulation bill,
which provides that no woman servani
shall work more than eight hours a
day. Special occasions, such as recep-
tions or dinners, are allowed for th ee
times in a quarter, when the time is
extended to 12 hours, provided that the
extension is not required on consecu-
tive days. On the other hand, the bill
provides that noeloet of duty by a ser-
vant is an offense.
The marriage by telegraph by a cou-
ple in Kansas who were two hundred
miles apart is heralded by the papers
as a great feat. Not many months
ago, Lizzie Hummons, a teacher in the
colored schools, of this city, was mar-
ried to her lover, a soldier in Arizona,
two thousand miles away, and far be-
)ona tie Una o4f (t witgcrap fif ueu, UcaU
telephone being invoked to piece out
The shortest, straightest and most
profitable railroad in the world is said
to be the Marine railroad at Coney
island, connecting Brighton with Man-
lattan eBach. Its length is half a
mile; its capital stock $25,000, and the
number of shares 500. When Austin
Corn, Jr., was B years or age ule
father presented him with 490 shares.
In 1884, when the fare was 10 cents,
the Income of the road was $86,000, and
at the profits is still very large.
Catching and Raising Turkeys
A good deal of the success in hatch-
ing turkey eggs with hen mothers de-
pends upon the nest, says a writer in
Amcrican Afrisulturs. When turkey
eggs are set high and dry in one corner
of the hay loft, or in a box or barrel
with only a handful of hay in the bot-
tom, the chances of their hatching are
exceedingly slim. If you set turkey
eggs under hens, borrow a hint fron-
the old turkey and make the nest on
the ground wherever practicable, oth-
erwise put a sod in the nest box or
barrel, hollow it out just enough to
keep the eggs in and cover lightly with
played to dress dolls and help in the hay or leaves, and take the same pre-
manufacture of various kinds of toys, cautions against hatching lice instead
says the Philadelphia Record. All theof turkeys that have been prescribed in
children who do this work are under 12 these columns before.
When the young turkeys appear in I A 1,
the outer world, don't go poking
around and lifting up the old hen to
see how many eggs are hatched, but
Fretrain your desire to count your turn
keys and let them alone for at least 24
hours. They will not require food dur-
ing that time, and as they are very del-
icate when first hatched, it is best to
avoid handling them until they become
strong on their legs, then remove them
with the mother hen to the coop and
pen which should be all ready for the
occupants. Proper coops and pens for
the young turkeys until they are fully
feathered are absolutely necessary to
protect them from rains and heavy
To make a pen, take fourbotrds a
feet wide and 16 feet long, place them
edgewise in the form of a,square, hold-
ing them in place by driving stakes in
the ground on each side of the boards.
Place the coop in the pen. I prefer a
coop without a floor, so it can be
moved to a fresh spot every day, but
if you have any doubts about being able
to K6ep Ehte youn: iturak dfrr lai efata
fortable during a rainy spell, you had
better put in a board floor and cover
with gravel or sand, which should be
renewed as often as every other day.
When the mother turkey is left to her-
self she chooses a new resting place
every night, and whie you goafian
them in a coop you must imitate her
example by moving or cleaning the
Cottonseed Xeal as a Oow feed.
Cottonseed meal is a very concentrat-
ed food and should only be fed In small
quantities with other food. When fed
largely to dairy cows It Spolls tfe Dut-
ter and makes an article poorer than
o:eo. When fed too largely to beef
cattle it makes beef totally unfit to eat,
and in many sections of the South,
where they are trying to fatten cattle
on cottonseed meal and hulls, the beef
is not fit to eat. Here I find great diffi-
culty in getting beef that I can eat,
solely because men think good beef can
it actde lioum vtleoucn d i milJ A&il
bulls alone. I would hardly feed more
than two pounds a day to a dairy cow
in connection with corn silage and
clover or pea hay. Feeding cottonseed
ilieal and In- ls alone to cattle may
ft.iten them for awhile, but if contin-
red too long will certainly kill them
from uraemic poisoning.-Prof. W. F.
Massey in Home & Farm April 15th.
gI( Tliu mtlny, about two mllca
vorth of Fairfield, Marshal Peacock
trnd Collector Stickney captured, load-
ed into their wagon and brought to
Ocala the biggest illicit whiskey still
tnat Drobably was ever captured in this
territory. It is a regulation copper still
of about 120 gallons capacity, and the
cap, flake and worm were all found
near by hidden in a pond. The still
was charged with a barrel of corn
eioh jiid fiv mere were Vtanaing uy
ready for distilling, all of which was
destroyed. The still is the property of
old man Dick Curry and his confeder-
ates, and its existence has been known
to the authorities for many years. The
btill has been in operation for a num-
her of years, and, from the worn look
of the apparatus, has done faithful ser-
HOW HE WAS FLOORED.
"What's the matter with Holland? I
hear he's laid up."
"Yes; he bought his wife a chafing
d'sh a couple of weeks ago."
By an expenditure of $3.75 the
yield of Tob0ao WHS iurue'ed in
value $71.20 per acre, by the ueof
MV-teae f0 ^th
Free information to be had by ad-
dressing John A. Myers 12-YJohn
St.,New lork. Nitrate for sale by
fertilizer dealers everywhere.
1111w at awe ftr L" of adf
.08 IUYS A $8.50.SUIT
Susatm "IWUYsWKAUO" sU
A EUW SIT FREE s AYV I TNESE S ML
9 UY~ I T ATI AST SlAAI
to us, i.te oe S L and ew whether
S or mal forage and we will mud y
s by eprs, 0.0. D. subject to ex-
epress ofe and found perfecRtly ti
ifaetoryandequlte- saUse tofer m
a a ~yyon repre agnct er SwpeIal
I le toiu, t o and press charges
ES EL PAITS WUIT ror bo to
iSm. a lKdewith l el33 llerAT yiu
PL E ia Ityl SI emlni, ad yu aa
irmp Dry wreiht, wrneHlgb, a-ul
u- rm.s o r neat, handsome pettaym
1U TS1A, wrie rsr inle 3,. N1, oottn tainfaom
plates tape measure and fulli strutiomn how to order.
'Me l Srit. Iade t h order f Al s a uapke
les sent free on applIcation. Address,
EyARS, ROEBUCK & CO. (Iso.), Chicago, IL.
( U -I- a it e t olrr e s*&l up -M n.
e13E ALL TOUR PAIN WITH
A Medicine Chet in Its.
SIMPLE, SAFE AND QUICK CURE FOR
Cramps, Diarrhoea, Cold*,
BUY ONLY THE GENU'NE,
PERRY DAV8 a
NBEW STEOL OOFINO. Sheet. e
-at li 'erimped, |i
S pricprieuare of lrI feet| 75
or O square feet............. .. "
No other tool than a hatchet or hammer _
i"B requlid to lay this rooflsp. e fnibh
with rieahorder suaciem t it to cO, and e
Snails to la it. without additional charge.
SWrite for our free cataloge N.
Sof general merchandise bought b
3 IERL end Beceiv.r sles. eh
"ut surely that isn't responsible for
his illness. Why, that fellow can eat
"Oh, it waes't anything that he ate.
She hit him over the head with it."-
New York World.
A CAREFUL HUSBAND.
iOPond (ufter tefa)-eYour little swr
is a brilliantly handsome woman. I
should think you'd be jealous of her.
Host (confidentially)-To tell the
truth, Simpkins, I am. I never invite
ll:.vbody here tlat any sane woman
would tate a fancy to.--ew York
"Oh dear!" exclaimed the first shop-
girl. "Here comes a woman who'll
keep me busy showing her goods."
"What does she want?" asked the
STHE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITT T HB' O LK E
A SENTIMENT APPROVED.
"Shakespeare!" said the enthusiast.
"He 'Is indeed the great bard." Many a school-
"That's right," said the theatre man- irl is said to
ager. "There Is no doubt about hisbe lazy d
be.ng great. And there is also no shitle ss
donbt about his being barred so long h
as I am running a theator for pocunt. when s e
ary purposes."-Washington Star. doesn't deserve
the least bit of it.
GOOD NEWS. She can't study, easily
"Beware!" cried the fortune teller falls asleep, is nervous
"Your bitterest enemy will shortly and tired all the time.
cross your path." And what can you ex-
"Hooray!" exclaimed the scorcher, pect? Her brain is being
"I won't do a tilnlg to him." In a fed with impure blood
frenzy of joy he gave her an extra Pnd her whole system is
dollar.-Philadelphia Press. suffering from poisoning.
Such girls are wonder-
WHAT HE MEANT. fully helped and greatly
"What does this war correspondent changed, by taking
mean when he says he went to the
summit of a kopje to drink in the
"I suppose the kopje overlooked the
laager."-Cleveland Plain Dealer.
SHE HAS FAITH THAT HE IS
CURED. srap ill
Mrs. Hlx-I don't take any stock in Hundreds of thousands
these faith cures brought about by the of schoolgirls have taken
lay;r on of hands, it during the past 50 years.
Mrs. Dix-Well, I do. I cured my Many of these girls now
little boy of the cigarette habit in that have homes of their own.
way. -(Chi(-Cr o \News. They remember what
cured them, and now
NEW FORM IN LUNACY. they give the same medi-
"hickets, don't you have fits some- cine to theirown children.
tlmeB?" Yu can afford to trust a
"Yes." Sarsaparilla that has been
"Good! So do I. Let's organize an tested for half a century.
epilepsy club."-Chicago Tribune. $1.4 a 6atle. All irghta.
I- your bowels 'are consti-
"FII"TY AND 31Y EXPENSES." pated take Aycr'e Pills. You
can't have good iiealth unless
"What," said the cynic, "is fame?" you have daily action of the
"Fame," answered the other, "Is bowels. 2 cas. a bo.
Shook Oneboxof Ayer's lills cured my
wlhat U:;.. you vn nblt;o to so0111e book dyspepia. L.DI. (nILTr
publisher after you're dead."-Wash- Jan.,t tSO. liam, l. Y.
Ington Star. 1e the De p.
ington Star. ,If you have any complaint whatever
and destr~e the t medical advice you
can pouibly receive, wrtte the doctor
APPARENTLY HE ISN'f GOING TO freel. You will receive a prompt re-
ply. withoTt cost. Address,
RUN. y. Da. J. C. AR, Lowell, Mass.
i'Te colouel Ihaa bccil pi fBtSv v - v
with a inew tide and a brace of pis-
tols." DEPENDS UPON THE POINT OF
"So I heard. What oilice is lie go- VIEW.
ing to run for?'-Atlanta Constitu "I have always looked upon dentis-
tion. try," the surgeon was saying, "as a
higher branch of the mechanic arts,
ALTOGETIER WELL ENDOWED. I0ut it isn't a profession. What does a
"What a rich complexion Charlotte dentist do? lie works In teeth. He is
Las!" :Ile ely a skilled mechanic."
'es, and her father is much richer." "I never could see," observed the
---'ihladelphia North American. dentist, "why surgery is considered a
_profession. What does a surgeon do?
ELEVATED. I e works simply in flesh and bones.
Detect n as r d of file's a thirty-third degree butcher."
Detective--Man was robbed of Ihis
puse on train. Whereupon a physician joined them,
purse on L train, and both agreed in saying he was noth-
Chief-H'm i Another highway rob
ry.-Chi-m Aoer gwa o .ug more than a glorified hospital
bcry.-Chieago News. bu.
rursel, Qchim? Tribuno.
I'ROFESSIONAL .JEALOUSY. AT THE ANANIAS CLUB.
'You aie nothing but an imi.tator," "What is the subject of your next de-
rald the bluejay, full of wrath at hear- bate?"
ing Its cry so accurately m.micked. 'Resolved that lobsters are fish.' "
"All that alsn you." airily retorted "Who does the talking?"
the mocking bird, "is that you are en- "We don't talk. We eat."
vions because I can sing your song so "Bt what do you do with the ques-
much better than you can."-Chicago t'on?"
Tribune. "Why, in order to be consistent from
the Ananias point of view we let it lie
DID NOT DISPUTE IT. on the table."-Cleveland Plan Dealer.
"Your honor," protested the burgler,
"I am as honest as the day is long." HE WILL IF HE TRULY LOVES
"I don't doubt it," replied the magis- -HER.
trate. "I understand you fellows trans- Bramble-I wish my wife hadn't tak-
act all your business at night."-Phila- en in that course of lectures on "First
delphia Record Aid to the Injured."
PL A NT SYSTEM.
THE GREAT THROUGH CAR LINE.
North bound. IN EFFECT FEB. 18, 1900. Southbound
lronl down- Read up.
siju I s I 7 in n 1 s
....... i. .ai. 7.Up|Lv.. .. Port Tampa.... ... .....Ari 8.06 .4p 7.55.......
....... 7.35al.50a 7.2 pLv ... Tampa Bay Hotel.. ...... .. ..A .0 9.1 7.3 .......
....... 7.45a1.5a| 7.40plLv.. ......Tampa...... .... ....Ar 7.30p 9.0p 7.26 .......
.............. .......1 3.50pl. .... Punta Gorda ........ ..Ar1.5p11.26p .p.......
.... 30a 5.30a| 6.40pLv .. ..........Bartow............Ar 8.30p 8.3 7........
....... l0a 1.06p S.2OplLv.. ...... Lakeland.......... Ar .20p 7.Op .1 .......
.............. 2.18p110.42pLv .........Kiss immee.. ........A ...... 6.24p 4.85s.......
....... 411.14p Lv .. .... Orlando ..... ..Ar ....... .4p 4.a .......
.. ........... 2.651.23JLv.... .. Winter Park...... ....Ar ....... 5. p 4.13 .......
....... ....... I 3. pl12.15alLv.. .. .. .... anford..... .... Ar ....... 5. a .......
......... .. ... DeLand.......... v ....... .. ....
....... ~~: H....... L ..........DeLnd . .. |... .. .4p ------- .......
I.00ai 4.40p 5.55p 2.45a Lv.. .. ....Palatka......... .. 11.1A ll .p l..0 0I.p
3J.5ia|l .;;tU| 6.38p 4.34aL . Green Cuve Springs.. .... ..Arll0.4a 1.22p 12.16 .14p
ll.Waa 5.;iap 6.42p 3.3balLv...... .... Magnolia.... .... Ar l0.3 1.17p 1.11a 6.p
12.10 0pG.0 7.30p 4.30ajAr.. ......acksn.vill...... ... Lvi 9.4 l2.30p .2Bp 4.lp
..... a ........ ... Lv.......... Port Tampa........ Ar 8.6p ....................
....... 7.35a ....... ...... Lv.. .. Tampa Bay Hotel.. ........Ar 7.40p ............ ......
....... 7.45a ....... ....... Lv.. .. .. .... Tam pa.. .. .. .. .. Ar 7.30p .....................
.......... .... ... ... Lv .. .. ....Punta Gorda.. .. .. ..Ar 11.6 p .............. .......
...... 5.30a .............. v .......... Bartow...... ...... Ar 8.30p ......... .......
9. a ........... Lv.. .. .. Lakeland ... . .Ar 6.0p .......... .......
.. 7.00a ....... ...... Lv... St. Petersburg........Ar 9.3p ....... ........
...... 7.ta ...... ....... Lv....Belleaire........ Ar 8.3p ...... ... .......
... 11.7al ..... ....... Lv.. .. .. Lees burg... .... ...Ar 3.4p .............. ......
7.uua i tpl ....... ....... .... ...... cala.. ........ ... Ar 2.0p .............. 9.2
9.00n 3.45p,.......A........Ar.. ... ainesville......... ..Lv l.10p .............. 7.9Op
7.3U0a 2.13p ....... .......Lv.. .. ..Gainei ville.. ........ Ar 1.30p ....... ....... 8.
I.ut.iUa 4.4Upl 5i.;I 2.45aiLv ......... Palatka............Arlll.30al .Sp l1.06a 6.3lp
Iit lii, vil ?v p 4.pAr. ........Jacksonville ....... Lv 9.40a|12.30pll U.2pOp4.00p
.......I oa....... .......ILv.. ....Bt. Petersburg .... .....Arul .aupl.......I-.....
... ... a ....... .......Lv.. ... B nlleair .. .. .. .. ..Ar .4 ...... .............
..... 10.37a ..............Lv .... ea hiirg.. .... .. Ar 4.4p................ ....
t 2.40p ............. V.. .. O t...... .. ... Ar .50p .... ..... ... ... .
'.l a| .Up. ..............IAr. ... .... .Gainesville .... .. Lvi .l."p ....... .......1 7.MWp
..atIUi .4 .0 .............. Lv.. .. .. n v n. ........ .. .Ar ... ....... ....... .
S1. jaI 4.30p ......... ....|. l.v.. .. .. .. Pala.tK . . . Arlll. a....... ....... 6.30p
..lu .:o ... ............. Ar... ...JacKsonoville .. .. .. LvI 8.4uaI....... ....... 4.19a
F'RuM JACKSONVILLE 1TO JESSUP. SAVAN.NA1t AND CHAiTLBlTON
16 I 26 I 34 1 32 1 32 I 38 I 36 1 14 i 78
lv Jacksonville ............. i j.cXtki 7.U00 Uai .0ai l .u8.l.Op 1.35p 7.4pl 7.4pi 7.46p
.Ar \ ay,:ross ............... I (i.u.al .2ui l .."Ual I.SaJ 1.30p 3.30p 9.30p 9.4ulv..1iu
.r JIA p ........ ......... I 8 .lusi ..... ..liU.lLO.all0.i 2.46pl 4.P22p p110.l30il.40p.40p
."r bava.inali................. 11.30al....... 1.10 pl.15pl 4.06p .4ap I1.50pj....... 1.15a
Ar Charleston........ .............................. 4.39....... .00p .................. aa
FROM CHARLESTON, SAVANNAH AND JESSUP TO JACKSONVILLE.
SI l I I I| In a I j,
Lv Charleston...... .. ........ Ill.15p........ ....... 4a ...... .....
Lv Savannah.... ....... ....I 2.lOal......2. a 7.40a. 9.6a|10.40I 3.pI 6. .......
Lv Jessup.... ........ ..... ..5.10a4 6.40ai 7.3a|l10..alUl.24all2.57p 4.64p 6.4......
Lv WaycYiu..a.... ......... I 3.45al 5.30al 6.39al (.5a 10.21a112.05p I 6.55pl S.05pl S.4p
Ar Jacksonville.... .......... I 7.30al 8.30Wa 9.2allU.50al 1.00pl 2.35pl 7.40pilI.Uupit.,up
Jacksonville, Thomasville and Mont- Waycross and Brunswick.
gnmery. Eastbound. Westbound
Northuouz:t; Southbound -s |i- | I 87 I 89
7 I 3I s I 23 i 27 9.aopl 7.l5alLv. Waycross ArI ..3t41 8.U0p
7.46p 8.0a; ivJacksonville Arl 7.30a10.40p ,l.O30p10.15aIlAr Brunswick Lv i.3 at 5.00p
10.15D 9.55alAr .Waccross ..Lv 5.10. 8 40p Waycrosa and Albany.
12.15a 2.1ZplAr Valdosta 1 3.14 6.4lp Westbound IstlbOud.
1.35a 1.4OplAr Thomasville Lvi 2.00al 5.30r veound I b I Mr
4. 9.20plAr. Monts'ery .Lv 7.45pill.25 I I
0.,5pIl 10.10alLv. Waycross .Arl 6.45a 7.40p
..45a 2.10p Ar Albany Lv1l2.01al 3.46p
Connections made at Charleston with A tantic Coast Line. At Savannah with
Southern Railway, Central of Georgia Railway, Ocean Steamship Company and
Merchants and Miners Transportation Company. At Jesup with Southern Rail
way. At aluiitumicry wlild Loui5.illi ftl pangllleUI Kallray ami Mobllo a ghli
italiroad. At A.bany with Central of Ge orgla Railway.
PLANT STEAMaSHIP LINE- S.teamshlps Mascotte and Olivette.
luon., Thuir. and Sat.. 10.-Op .... Lv.. Port Tampa Ar..ll.00a Tues., Thura. and Sun
ues., Fri. and Sut .... 3.00p....Ar..Key West ... Lv.. 7.OOp Mon., Wed and Sat.
lues., Fri. and Sun..... 9.uup.....Lv..Key West.... Ar.. 6.00p Mon., Wed. and Sat
Wed., Sat. and Mlon.... 6iUja....Ar.. Havana...... Lv..12.30p Mon., Wed. and Sat
Information regarding schedules, through car arrangements, reeervatona,. etc.,
may be secured upon application to
G;EORtGI H. PARKHILL, City Ticket Agent. 138 W. Bay Street, Jacksonvllle.
t3 W. WRENN, Passenger Traffic Mana ger, H. C. McFAJDEN. Div. PaM Ag.
avanalh. OR- .JgskvuvWl, Fa-
lI I I II lI f l il
Bramble-She seems to think I ought
it break my arm or something just to
g:ve her a chance to show what she
has learned.-San Francisco Examiner.
Con ('et-Yes, I'm going to the re-
cept.on. I understand the beautiful
Miss Hilton is to be there.
Cold Fact-Well, you don't expect
lihr ito speak to you, do you?
Con Ceet-Why not? Is she so very
HIS NEW GRAFT.
Wickwire-Look here! This is the
fourth time this morning you have
I'een in here asking for the price of a
Dismal Dawson-Yep. I am the ab-
sent minded beggar, don't ye know.-
A COMMON WEAKNESS.
Mr. Dukane-Do you mean to say
that Mr. Jiggins is invariably ttuthful
under all circumstances?
Mr. Gaswell-Well, perhaps he Is 'a
trifle prone to exaggerate the lowness
of his thermometer in sero weather.-
i .tinburi ihrersiiadoe-Telegtapn.
TO GET EVEN.
Feltt-What do you suppose the Chi-
nese, if they were able, would do with
the European powers?
Hatt-I guaes they Wald iron thlir
collars so as to give them saw edgea.-
New York Journal.
"Has your furnace been satisfactory
"I don't know how the rest of the
family feel about it, but I've kept
warm when I'm at home chasing down
cellar to ee what was the matter wth
Wl"-P5tlM t Fuw- ,
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. as
PLOpTnT A WA
'Work on the Louisville & Nashville
docks at Pensacola progresses. The
foundation for about 500 feet of new
wharf Is completed and the floor laid.
Ihus far, about 3,500 piles have been
used-about half of the entire number
that will be required. About seventy-
five men are now employed on the
The South Florida Planting and
Sugar Refining Company of Tampa
will soon be an established fact. While
i Tampa recently In conversation with
the one of the promoters, he said: "The
good eff9qti vf this company will be
far reaching, extending beyond the
limits of your county, and you can say
to your Hernando county farmers to
plant cane. As soon as we get in oper-
ation we will take their cane at a re-
munerative price." We asked what he
called a remunerative price, when he
iald: "On your land from thirty to
forty tons should be raised per acre.
and we will pay $1.75 per ton at the
refinery." The gentleman also said
tl.at before they began operation a
special freight rate would be arranged
for. This company converts syrup into
sugar for one-fourth of a cent per
pound for the output of granulated su-
Pif tic precar- year there have been
7.056 cases of cigars shipped from
Tampa, which is equivalent to 68820,-
000 cigars. For the corresponding pe-
riod of last year there were 5,232 cas-
es of cigars shipped which puts that
banner year 1,824 cases behind the
present year, and that means a great
many cigars. Last week's shipments,
when placed into numbers of cigars
would amount to 2,625,000.
A peculiar freak is reported from
Fort Brooke, the land of queer and
unexpected things. A negro named
Qii&ai~icina urccn4 employed by the
Florida Brewing Co., is the proud own-
er of a seven months old pup, having
five legs. The extra member is fully
(developed and juts out from the fore-
I can't take plain cod-liver
oil. Doctor says, try it. He
might as well tell me to melt
lard or butter and try to take
them. It is too rich and
will upset the stomach. But
you can talk milk l CI tl I
so you can take
It is like cream; but will
feed and nourish when cream
wiN not Babies and chil-
dren will thrive and gow
fat on it when their ordinary
food does not nourish them.
Pmsons have been amown to PiS
a pound a day when taing ie
e ofs ScoWt's Emubion. It eto
the digestive madiney in wing
oder so that the rdniy food b
propiy digested mdaWui iad.
>oc. and *f.oo, all druggists.
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chmnit New YTok.
- -- - - - - SO
leg at the first joint. When the dog
walks, both feet strike the ground to-
gether. The dog is unique in its way,
and a number of curious individuals
have endeavored to buy the animal.
The negro declines to sell, however, as
be declares it will bring him "bad
luck" if he does.-Tampa Tribune.
There were about 100 delegates in
attendance on the State Christian En-
deavor convention at Tampa Saturday
and Sunday. An interesting program
of exercises was rendered.
The southbound P. & A. passenger
tram was wrecked Tuesday night,
about 24 miles from Bonifay. The
locomotive and two cars were derailed
and turned bottom up. The accident
was caused by a cow, which was run
over. So far as reported no one was
tilled or fatally injured. The escape
of the engineer and fireman was re-
markable. A large force of wreckers
went to the scene of the accident yes-
.erday morning at 10:30 o'clock an,,
l.11 tracE waa spoIedily c.siletrl. l .s
ieer Johnson, of the wreciteu ',couuo-
Live, Is well known in Pensacola, and
the conductor, Clay White, is a resi-
dent of this city, a brother of the
-Msses Ilga and Beatrice White.-Pen-
Work on the jetties in the St. John-
:. pmortsin'ff tvumy sapltll unolu tlot
supervision of Captain Ross; seven-
Eten schooners having discharged the,.
cargoes, which have amounted to more
than eight thousand tons of jetty rock.
'he cargoes vary from four hundred
tons to eight hundred tons to eaci.
cchooner, all of them finding a ready
cargo of lumber to carry back to the
Mr. B. M. I;iipiiiton, now of Pea-
cock Postotfice, iiu;ti ;Ahadbourn, N. C.,
demonstrates his intention to return
to Florida some day by purchasing a
ru.iia nuracry of idifulluila iten at Bul-
fum, where he will have them budded
with the Satsuma orange. They will be
cared for at Buffum, and later remov-
ed to the Silver Lake farm and set to
Hon. W. N. Sheats, State Superin-
tendent of Public Instruction, has ap-
pointed r-or. ly. n. 1.1 oue or tile
teachers in the State Normal, to com-
mence in Gainesville, June 11. This
i a deserved appointment, as Prof.
bllis, though still young, is one of the
most efficient teachers, not only in Al-
nchua county, but the entire State.
and will certainly give satisfaction.
ie is an Alachua county boy from
Mr. J. W. Tatum, of Lofton, had the
misfortune to lose by fire last Friday
I s!! his s9miisslarry M1i4lig,gaSteIa-
ing goods amounting to about $1,800.
Two negroes, George Lee and John
Bryant, were suspected, and a search
I-roved that they had stolen goods
which were taken from the building
immediately before the fire. They
were brought to this city Saturday ev-
tning and had a committal trial before
the county judge. They were commit-
ted to jail in default of a five hundred
dollar bond each for their appearance
before the grand jury.
Joseph Duncan of Tallahassee, has
received $5,000.91 Insurance on the
life of the late John Burkhardt; $3,000
being paid by the Woodmen of the
World and the balance by the Frater-
nal Union, both settling within three
weeks after the appointment of a
guardian for the minor children.
Florida Fnt Coast Ry.
TIME TABLE NO. 2. IN EXPECT APRIL 11 1000,
SOUTHH BOUND iRead Down.) (Bead Op) NOBTH BOOUD.
No.a3 No.3 No.wo.".W
,a Daily Daily STATIONS. Daily Dy
4.a ex tu ex
5W ,i9t'9 v tL........ JaoWaUVM.e........ Ara'S1
a 5l5p 10 44aAr .......S. Augustin .......Lv 6p 9 4dB
S0 MiplOaL.......st.Augtlne .......Ar p 94 a A
4 l'pll~ :1o0 Ar.......4ast Palata......... Ar 1 p ti
** l a A- ..........-.Pat .........-..*L* S
7- -7lp... r., ......... SanMateo..........Lv ....p
S p Lv.........P. SnMateo.......... A 788 ......
B = 3 t i;l.p 1140a Lv.......Bst Palatka A.........Ar 525pT 3
Si p -ltp ..... O Ormand ........... 42p f
7 . P ..1P ........N..w ina ....... 20p o 00.
ed tu Q l.... (P .......... ........... 1 ...... .
1 p ...... ... m a .......... p 68 B
:iBllOcp "........ ..p ... .
S............ balel B .....p h.
... i p ."......... olelbo rn ......... p p
S ,- . ., .; ...... ....B l e.......... l p .
S41.. ".......Melbourn........... p ..
9 .. land... 122p .
4 ".. ........ S. eb t i .......... l
4i. 4.. ".........Sort Pierc ......... 12% .....
S'r i ulp ........... TibMbe ........... 11 0 ......
05 i .0, .............. en .. ..... 1100 ......
u In ?; i ...... .::iiiiinfn B il..l I T........ 1 M
So ......... .St t ............ l ...
Saop ". o .......be Sond .......t.. itd
S. 03p "....... t itrSr........ 0 .....
Si ..... 83 "...... FrestPlm ok ...... 0. .. I
S g ....u.. 8 Wp .w ........ Boynton .......... 9 ......
o l ... 8 .lip"........... Delray o. .e .
S .. .... 9l42p ....... Lemon ty......... 72 ......
a .. 95OpAr ......... Miami ......... :..L 7185 ...... I
Buffett Parlor ars 00 Trains 85 and 7o.
setwora ew a nmya l and ~Crao ate twoa Titualu ol a e W.
PO- O- I I AIAI :
a ,w rna A.r l.p T Lv.......... .. tu ..l..........a l..I
4. . Lake el en..L 4p 5Op 1 ............N. an............. Ii
4'. I, I uI ..O'aune City.. 1 35p 44p 8 ............Osteen............ "
i_-: ;': Ar.(iniC'yJet. 10rji40 8 .......... Enterprise........... 1
All iv.IH mwiteun iew Smyrna and Orange 9.Ar ........... Saford............ E
Uity June ion daily except Sunday. ll trains between Titusville and nslalM
daily except Sunday.
two. fA JaekN'ville Lad P.lr
twen Jack vle and ae These Tlme Tables show the times at whis
No.l,|No 15 STATIONS. Io.No.8 trains and boats may be expectedto arrive sad
Jakor dar from the several stations and .
6s Lv.. JaokonviUle...A 00 4OP but their arrival or departure at the
7 lplO Ar .Pablo Beach.. L 7 0e 4 p stated is not aranteed, nor does the Om.-
All trains between Jacksonville and Pablo pany hold itself responsible for any delay
Bsa h daily eseept monday. &ny faseqwenase &rslg thCTWfrSI .,
Florida East Coast Steamship Co.
Lave Miami Sundays and Wednesdays................................................. 11: p. m.
Arrive Key West Mondays aud Thursday. ............................................ 00. n.
Leave Key West Mondays and Thurudays .......................................... 800 p s.
Arrive Havana Tuesdays and Fridys. ............................... .................. 5:. sn.
Leave Havana Tuesdays and Fridays..................................................1 a. m.
Arrive Miami Wone-days and Saturd ay ................ .... .. ........... 60t. U.
S MIAU-KEY WEST LINE,
Leave Miami Mondnys, Wednesdays and Fridays ................................ 9..... ..
Arrive Key West T'uetmlays, ThurUdys and Saturdays ................................ LOWi mA.
Leave Key We-. 'unewlays, Thursdays anu Saturdays ............................. Op.m.
Arrive Mnui Wtln-- .says, ridays andSunmdy.s ................................... 6*. i.
For s 'li:-g dates enquire of tL* neereet Florida Bast Coast Railway ticket agent or -rits
to the general office.
t- o c- wo looli time card call on Ticket Agents, or addresJ
.1. P. BHIGLkWTH, Traffic Manager. J. D. RANEB, A. G. P. A.
_ SL'9, vWE DOLLAR
a....d..d. uus -d tosm ..-o, a..a 00, aswe wes sdeadlvu tub,
i3YOYLD AIP QUEEN FAXAOR OBWAI, by feiftC. O. N., "al1-# to
xmizatKlU. Youaanexammie it at yournearest freight depot
and If you find it exactly as repreetee equal to orgn tha
retail at 5.O00 to $100.00, the greatest value youever saw and
far better t!an organs advertised by others at more moneypy
th; fregih ent o.r ol.l s e days' r V" *S1.7T
leamthe'i. or ie. 1., and freght chrge .
$31,75 oZ OUR SPECIAL 90 DAYS' PRICE ,.aI,1X
S1y .itee Such a. offer Was seover aIBdere.e
SAB I Is ESoofthe A IeRA5I AD awRuri
6IL Ils-eswel-i forrom tim IlluKrSMnhI shown. Uflaft
is engavedect from sormmeidoe
beutiul ppeu i an e- ik .ua b rtn rter W
ak, antine finish, handsomely doratedandornam E B ented,
latest IsIc stile. fa ll Atcu is E test I oIhes high,
U inches long, inches wide and weighs 35 pounds. Con-
tains 5 octavei stops, s follows. at"
mas SaS aeew sot s os pssa seed., i h i*** 3
Italwa Priseit leeds. THE AC I m o
tion consist of the elebratedN..il ltse hchs. onl
sedm n the highest grade instraumoe. a aftt edW i
.iARSd CmdOEa p d ve M). Ft, also beet Dol s CHfts
eatherhs, am, bellows or the lust rutburclowq,
bellows stock and finest leather in v l TL
ACVE QUEW is fnrrshed wthw 1914 I
plate Fench mirror, nickel plated pedal
and very modern improvement. We Isiab
mome olnamiltl?% , -W 1 l mL
GUARANTEED S25 YEARSL. th* o
lame a written binding S-yr -guaat b thye
terms sa conditions of which It any pert g
wersirItnfeeefcharge. Try i one monthand
V w r t dnLd your money if you are otert ..
satiseL 50 of these organs will be sold t 6 1 1
OtnRPB AT ONCE.O DO'T DICAY.
*dR LIABILITYY IS ESTABUSED ... have
not do&.* with us a your neighbor about us~wrLt t----.--
the lblf-her of this paperor eeiropoulian aion I
Lk, or C.rn- Exchmage Na' asik, Chi7o; or German Exchange Bank, New York; or any r _lroad or eI.ss
company In lk)ica o. We aImesas .a eWar oSOtOee occupy y entire one of the largest boi"a h In
Chicago, &no mploy nearly s m0 people in our own balding. WI U&SKS OGAAS AT SIS-0 &ad 81 P "I.50, 6111e.
mad up; alo ev,rything in musical Instrument lowet wholesale prices. Write for free .il& oriWlt o
and music instrument caalo. Address. (ocm.&ai as so a m rl e
$UmILAoR&, ElP U 0-W O. (ing,). Faht,04D ellm sadWsyma StSi., WIC O. ILl.
288 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
asMoo s~wa a # tll rmL
. f fICE OF T
E. 0. PAINTDR & CO., Proproetors.
oton Seed Mesl,
Blood and Bone,
Nitrate of Soda, Potb,
,GI M~u. N3 U
&m0in, ,M a ,
Just 90 days from the time our factory and warehouses were burned we
moved into our new building, and are now in better saape to take care of our
trade than ever before. With a building made especially for our purposes and
up-to-date machinery for grinding and mixing we are prepared to do more and
better work than by the old system.
We wish to heartily thank those of our customers who have favored us
with their orders since the fire and by their patience have enabled us to hold
our business together so well under such trying circumstances.
If you are already a customer, our goods have recommended themselves.
If you are not a patron, why not? We are giving you the best values for your
money, we are located in the state and our interests are identical with yours.
We have our own orange groves and gardens where our fertilizers are practical-
ly tested so that we are better able to supply goods that are especially
adapted to the requirements of our soil and climate.
Write and tell us how much you want and what it is for and we will quote
you bottom prices. Yours truly,
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
HWe furnish any and all kinds-of Fertilizing flaterial
Is and Chemicals.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"THE IDE AT," BRANDS-
S*-'r HAVE TH ES K. -'~~'
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following p ices.
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ................$30.00 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.00 per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... 28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE ................$30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $S8.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... .$30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER .................... .$oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTTI .T7FR COMPANY,
Plg's Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $17.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, $44.00 per torN. ,