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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Vol. XXVII, No. 16. Whole No. 1368.
FABK AND GARIBiEN TJA1.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
Sandq, slaty, or gravelly land is pre-
ferable, and if it has lain idle for sev-
eral years, thus destroying all noxious
grasses and weed seed, so much the
better. The soil should be properly
plowed and reduced to as good a tilth
For watermelons lay off into checks
S to 10 feet apart each way. Then run
some narrow plow, preferably a coul-
ter, several times in said furrows, thus
forming a loose bed, especially where
the checks cross. Then apply a peck
of fine fresh stable manure to each
Blitel. iottoring it over a acpae of
several feet. For reasons not neces-
-ary :o state here, I want the manure
DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, April 18, 1900.
idea will doubtless be generally con- etc., but the matter is yet compara-
o'dicrc n >ir iivR fiesl fl the wfin hr- vqy nar wit a a treat mIaBy pR Fet
track, but I have tested the plan thor- They do not appear to comprehend the
oughly and found it to work exceeding-
In addition to the above one or two
patches, about a foot square, from one
to two feet from the stem of the vine,
may occasionally be dug deep, cutting
the roots. The more air that is ad-
initted to th rots or tl e vinou tho
sweeter will the melons be. This work,
however, should only be done when
the ground is in good season, never in
dry weather. A limited number of
roots only should be ctt, one, or at
most two diggings, will be ample.
Plan thoroughly tested.
flantalrllHDi8.-aentalupes arE pref-
erably planted in drills about seven
feet apart. A good dose of stable ma-
f:esh, unrotted and let it rot in the nure and a sufficiency of the above fer-
ground. There is usually In stables a tilizer to give each plant about a half
cunaedriablle Qiuftity of fine manure pound should be applied in the drills
that has not been urinated upon and and well mixed with the soil. A low
that consequently has not been packed ridge, sufficient for drainage purposes,
down; that is the kind wanted.
Then take of the following ingred-
ients in the proportion named:
Nitrate of soda, 12 pounds; acid
phosphate, 38 pounds; kainit, 50
The above will make one hundred
pounds, but any other desirable quan-
tity can be used.
In lieu of the kainit 121/ pounds of
muriate of potash may be used.
Mix thoroughly and apply, when
kainit is used, from one to one and a
half pounds to each check, scattering
some over a space of from 3 to 4 feet,
and leaving a proper space in the cen-
ter whoer the seed are to be planted.
without any. Mix the manure and fer-
tilizer thoroughly with the soil and
finish by making a hill several inches
above the level, thus preventing dam-
age to the plants in case of wet weath-
Plant as early as the season will per-
mit of. In about a week plant other
seed, and a week later others. A
stand can thus be secured without the
delay incident to replanting. At the
proper time the plants may be thinned
to one or two in a hill, watermelon
growers being generally in favor of
The cultivation should be fast and
thorough. The first two workings
may be deep, the residue shallow.
Soon after the vines commence run-
ning, plowing should. cease. But the
crust around the hills and beneath the
vines should be kept broken with a
long, narrow light blade, constructed
for the purpose, until the first crop of
melons gets about half grown. This
should then be formed, and the plants
finally thinned out to one vine for ev-
ery two or three feet.
To Protect Vines From Insects.-I
have never found any plan equal to de-
coy beds. To construct them dig beds,
at convenient distances apart, about a
foot square and mix therewith a prop-
er quantity of fine stable manure (no
fertilizer in these.) Then plant water-
melon seed, a seed for every one or two
square inches; this may be done a day
or two before the patch is planted.
When the plants in the hills come up,
draw dirt around the shanks, and
while the dew is on, dust with a mix-
ture two parts ooot and e oef aeheei
this will drive the insects to the decoy
beds. The plants in the beds being
tender by reason of their being crowd-
ed, the insects prefer them from the
start and consequently are not hard to
To Destroy the Insects.-Cut the or-
dinary gourd, as for drinking purposes,
and remove a portion of the insides.
Fill partially with water and place in
the immediate vicinity of the decoy
beds. The gourds have an attraction
for the insects and consequently they
will be taken and drowned, seemingly
all that come along.
A plan that will exterminate the pests
is far preferable to one that will mere-
ly ward them off, as It prevents the
rearing of broods to give trouble in the
One Acre of Wonderful Peas.
Much has been said and written on
the subject of growing and turning le-
gume crops, such as clover, cowpeas
many wonderful advantages that are
in easy reach. It is true a great many
sow and turn peas, but it is done in
such a way as to derive but little ben-
In order that the plan may be care-
fully tested I suggest that at least one
acre, that in fairly well adapted for
garden purposes, be selected and plant-
ed to Wonderful peas as follows:'
Necessary measures should be adopt-
ed for reducing the soil fine to a proper
depth. Then lay off into drills about
four feet apart and run several times
iti the bottoms of the drill furrows
with some suitable narrow plow, thus
forming a loose bed. Apply in the drills
about 300 pounds of acid phosphate
and 400 pounds of kalnit per acre and
mix well with the soil; this should
be done several weeks before planting
time. 100 pounds or munate ot potash
may be used in lieu of the kainit. Low
ridges may then be formed.
From the 1st to the 15th of May open
the ridges and drop Wonderful peas in
bunches from two to three feet apart.
Finally thin to one stalk. In thinning
the plants should be pulled up, not cut
off; it is claimed that the stubs will
injure the other plants.
The Wonderful pea is a rank grower
and requires distance, especially for
bearing purposes; proper tests have
shown that they will not bear If crowd-
ed. Therefore, as a matter of experi-
ment, double the above distance may
be given a few stalks and the result
noted. I believe that the distance most
suitable for growing shedded peas will
also prove the best for fertilizer pur-
poses, and especially if the peas be ap-
plied as hereafter suggested.
The cultivation should be thorough,
commencing early and continuing until
the vines bosome too dense.
In the early fall, after maturity, the
dry peas should be gathered and the
vines turned under. It will be well to
secure a blade of proper construction
to one side of the plow beam to cut
the vines. A portion of an old scythe
blade will answer; it should be slanted
back to prevent choking. A diks or
wheel, provided with a sharp edge may
be in lieu of the blade, as may be
found most convenient.
The soil should not be further dis-
tvrbed for four or five months, or say
until the following February, when it
should be well plowed and subsoiled.
This will give the pea vines good time
to decay. During the period of rotting
an abundance of carbonic acid gas will
be generated. This gas is a powerful
$2 per Annum, in Advance
solvent and attacks certain rebellious
elements in the soil. reducing them to
The pea vines belong to what is
known as the legume family, all of
which draw the needed nitrogen from
the air. Consequently the vines will
draw a bountiful supply of nitrogen
for themselves, and for the succeeding
crop, though none whatever may have
been applied direct.
The Legume Plan Contrasted With
Commercial Fertilisers.-The nitrogen
that is in commercial fertilizers cost
more per pound than the other two in-
gredients, phosphoric acid and potash,
combined (said three ingredients con-
stitute the essentials of commercial
fertilizers.) When farmers can virtual-
iy grow all thve riat-6i 6~ G, Why
not do so and save the 20 to 28 cents
per pound that is frequently paid for
the nitrogen that* s in commercial fer-
When oommerelml fertiliners are sed
there is but little of either humus or
carbonic acid gas produced, without
which there can be no permanent im-
provement of the soil. In fact, under
the system of continued application of
commercial fertilizers the fertility of
the soil will run down, will continue to
glow worse and worse until it is final-
ly exhausted. In the Southern Culti-
vator, Atlanta, Ga., of March 15th,
there is a very important article bear-
ing on this subject that all farmers
Under the legume plan of growing
and turning green crops a handsome
profit on the outlay can be realized
from the start and at the same time
the fertility of the soil can be rapidly
and permanently inflOase d.
The benefits resulting from the pro-
duction of carbonic acid gas are such
that some experiments Indicate that
the shelled peas, gathered as aforesaid,
can be advantageously ground and ap-
plied to the soil, while rottong they
will produce carbonic acid gas. I sug-
gest that the experiment be tried, ap-
plying about a gill to a hill, or plant,
and mixing with the soil.
A portion of the acre can be planted
to sweet potatoes. I am sure that at
least four times the usual quantity can
be grown. The residue can be planted
to ordinary garden patches.
Hallison, N. C.
S O ava Culture.
The cassava crop has become go uni-
versal on the Florida farm that It
seems as if it would be out of place
and superfluous to have anything to
say regarding it. but for the benefit of
tho e who wtlh t0 grw it IWO thh MI
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
time a few pointers on its culture will Sugar Growing in Florida.
I trust be found beneficial. [Paper read before the Farmers' In-
There is hardly any land too poor slitute at Lake City by R. E. Rose.]
and sandy to make a good cassava
crop it properly managoti. It delihts This uect assigned me is one of
in a genuine Florida sand pit and will such vast Importance to the United
produce astonishing results if treated States, as well as to the Farmers of
properly. One of the first essentials, our own State, that a few statistics,
however, is deep and thorough plowing showing the enormous quantity of su-
of the land. It will do well to follow gar imported into the country, and the
almost any crop, in fact It does fully iiinUlni t ivcly omill amount produced
best when It succeeds itself. Early in ii America, will illustrate most forid-
the season the land should De plowed bly the almost unlimited home market.
well and deep and all vegetate mat- I find that the average importation
ter turned completely under. A month per annum, from 1893 to 1897, was
ahead of planting time the fertilizer 4.700,278,9J4 pounds, of 2,050,139 tons.
should be applied by scattering broad- In 18)7, we imported 4,918,905,733
east ano working thoroughly Into the putinl Pfratfllly fvS tBUand g mill
soil either by means of an iron frame lion pounds. The average price for
along the lines of the railroads and
rivers form anything like an accurate
conception of the soils of the State. A
journey over the "Bellamy Road,"
through t8e Iterlor, or by "King's
'Road" on the East Coast, would sur-
prise a visitor, and cause him to under-
stand that all Florida does not consist
of sand, pines and orange groves. The
reiamna of Tst sgassr estates, i9;-
prising thousands of acres now grown
up in forest trees of Immense size, de-
stroyed during the civil war, would
astonish him. It will be readily con-
ceived that the sugar lands of Florida
compare favorably in area and fertility
with those of any other State or coun-
accounts were kept at South Port In
1885 and 1886, since which time fairly
accurate data has been had from St.
Cloud and a few West Florida plant-
The following comparisons are giv-
en to show that Florida cane. though
carelessly cultivated, and neglected. Is
equal to Cuban or Louisiana cane, and
in some racnn nuerior. The following
is taken from Bulletin No. 1P, of.the
Department of Agriculture, division of
chemistry, as the average quality of
juices for four years, on the Magnolia
plantation in Louisiana, doubtless one
of the most carefully and intelligently
managId states in that t.atet
Season. 1884. 1885. 1886 1887.
harrow or ordinary cultivator. ':Standard A" for 1897, was $4.38 per A Superior Climate.-As to climate, Degree Bri........16 54 15.80 16 20 16.37
The nature of this fertilizer is the cwt.. or an aggregate sum of $175,- Florida's climate is certainly superior Per ent Sucros.ls.0o 1211 1350 1369
n'ost important thing connected with 0,(M) paid for imported sugar. to that of any other State, for sugar Coeffirn t, purity.76 69 76 64 8 33 8348
the crop. It must not be of a rank The American production from all growing. Our "rainy season" is during In Bulletin. No. 15, chemical division,
nitrogenous nature but be first-class in sources, cane, beets, maple and sor- the growing months, when required. Department of Agriculture, I fiud the
every way. The cassava root having ghum, is less than sixteen per cent. of A wet fall or winter is the exception, following reports from Cuban sugar
more starch in it than any other the consumption, or, about 400,000 A dry fall or winter insures the ripe- estates:
known crop, it must have a great tons, at the same average price, worth ness of the cane and a quick harvest; Results of work on Soledad estate
deal of potash in its fertilizer, to give ?$3i,( MW.000 or about 1-6 the value of a wet fall or winter, frequent in for year 1886-entire crop:
good results. On some soils it is pos- the sugar imported annually. Louisiana), retards the ripening, and Brix... ......... .........18.007
sible to make a fair crop the first year America is essentially an exporter entails heavy expense for harvest. A Polarization of juice ..........16.87
on any ordinary fertilizer, such as we of nriounltural profdutts. lxcoptinx I "killing" frost seldom occurs in Flor- Coffioent of purity...........88.7
get in the ordinary markets, particu-'( ,t,,n no single article exportdl coim- ida before January. Grinding begins Statistics of crop of San Lino, Feb-
larly if the land has had a growth of ip:;res in value to the sum we pay for' Octoler 15th in Louisiana, and seldom ruary, 1886:
Black Jack oak on it, but one crop .ip;r. imported. 'e lfore December 1st 'in Florida; in- .......................16.80
ill exhaust even the Black Jack land, ee exports, fresh canned, sa during forty-five additional days for Per cent sucrose... ..........15.09
and it is poor policy to reduce the fer- ,allfow. etc., amounted to 33,i00,- maturing a crop. In South Florida Coefficient of purity............89.82
utility of the soil at any time. There ". killing" frosts are of rare occurrence, "The manufacture of sugar is grad-
iilould always be as much given to the and grinding continue from January
land as will be taken from it by the our hog exports, baon, lar 15th to February. In tropical Florida ally belng coneoldated Into large
crop, therefore, every season should *tc.., $8 2.r-.t)0. All our wheat and south of the 27 parallel, frost to kill houses, the smaller estates furnishing
e ths p e o b r he c Hrlour is exported, $115,834,545. Export the cane. This system should be
see this provided for before the crop is cane is unknown. The climate of the cane. This system should be
planted. A fair amount of fertilizer for '," ton alone exceeds in value the ni- 1otf, North and Middle Florida hias adopted by the planters in Loulesana,
a good crop of cassava on any of our lport(l sugar in 1807. It is universally full thirty days longer growing season One house making 10,000,000 pounds,
ordinary piny woods lands would be knowledge that the United states than Louisiana, while South Florida can manufacture for a smaller propor-
trom eight to twelve hundred pounds is the best sugar market in the world. has forty-five to sixty. tionate cost than three estates mak-
per acre. The analysis of this should ith such a market at our doors, it tropical Florida the element of ingthree and a third mlion each."
beaotite n poh il- remains to discover if we have In tropical Florida the element o tiug three and a third million each."
be about eight per cent. phosphoric y r in o ior i frost does not come into the calcula- Fourteen samples of cane, taken at
atdd, an tweh-e pir aent. ellflina necessary to pro- Gri
abd, u two el ce pnt, itrgen. ptlduc the Asg cane, and the skill to tion. Grinding may begin when the iFrndom lfrm various fielda from Jack-
about two per cent. nitrogen. c te sua cane and askllfu it. crop is ready, and extend into the next sonville to Miami, during January,
It is not advisable to e in too great rst. as to Soil.I am familiar with growing season. As to quality of cane, 1897, analyzed by J. P. Murray, of
hurry n the early spring to plant the i s to SoilI am familiar w little has been done In Florida to se- Jacksonville, a practical sugar chemist,
p, The eil shuld b ai w armlhe i.ouisinna cane-growing districts, lot or improve the plant. In fact, nverased an follow;n
ed up, so that ge Iuation will bgin 'n sa that there can be no bet- the poorest short-jointed, stunted, Brix (solids). .................17.00
as soon as the seed is planted. If it te sol found anywhere than in the al- stubble, is generally used for "seed," Sucrose........... .... ........15.10
lies a long time in the cold, damp luial districts of Louisiana. 1 can also while the best and finest cane is work- Coefficient of purity... ........88.14
ground, the white ant is apt to destroy "'t that I lhave i on million of acres ed up. The varieties introduced by the The best samples of these fourteen
the eye and cause a poor stand, "f aI"nd in Florida equally as fertile, Jacksonville and Arch
The land should he laid off in fur- :.nd requiring a much smaller expendi- Jesuits are still grown. This neglect tests are from Jacksonville and Arch
rows four feet apart each way. The ture in drainage to put them in equal- of selecting seed cane, however, is not creek, in Dade county.
seed should be cut in small pieces ly as good condition agriculturally. peculiar to Florida. The same careless JACKSONVILLE.
seed shoud be ct in s l p s as gd c o methods prevail to a large extent in Brix... ............... ......17.8
about three inches long, making sure That there are in Florida other im- methods prevail to a large extent in Brix ...... .......... ......1.
that there are at let three good e of hammock and marLouisiana and Cuba. Had the same Sugrose .... ............16.2
tct three are at leact three good eyee men e areya.s of hammock and marlP y.
on every piece; the best tool to cut the lands, naturally drained, equally fer- care and scientlhl experimenting been Purity .............. ........91.0
seed with Is a small sharp saw. In tile, I mention, simply to illustrate, rted thARCH CREEK, DADE CO.
dropping the seed in please be sure the hammocks of Citrus county, Her- during the last twenty years, the ..... ..... 19.
that there is one piece at every check, nando, Manatee, Alachua, Marion and amount of sargy In e plant cough Sugar....................... 18
cover it as you drop it with your foot. Levy counties on the west, and thoseaveee largely ncreaed (Toh ur .......
average tropical cane now contains Purity.......................92.3
No plow is necessary, as it must not be along the Matanzas, Halifax and In- much more sugar and lees impurities A comparison of this data shows
covered too deep at first. The first d.an rivers on the east. than the best varieties of beets.) that the following are the averages:
plowing or two should be to the young The aggregate of the heaiy marl
plants and after that all that will be hammocks is great. Two hammocks The wonderful recuperative and re- Locality. Brix. Sucros. Purity.
necessary will be to keep the land clean near Brooksvllle aggregate above one productive powers of the plant are Louisiana, 4seaons....1623 13.08 8053
Cuba, 2 estates........17.71 15.95 89 28
of weeds and grass. A weeder is an ex- hundred thousand acres. The Gulf phenomenal. With good soil and cul- Florida, 16 localties.......17.67 15.29 88.12
cellent tool for this purpose until the Hammock in Levy county is of equal ture, wonderfully fine cane rich in comparison t ap-
plants get four or five inches high, area, while those of St. Johns county, sugar, vigorous and thrifty, are fre- From the above comparison in sugar
then use swoops entirely, as the culti- Yolulin and BreTard extend practical- auenty grown from seed canes of the pears Forida cane is superior In sugar
ovation must be very shallow so as to ly for one hundred miles, and average most worthless quality. Small, knot- ana cane and very slight inferior to
leave the roots undisturbed. full one mile wide-at least a quarter ty, short-jointed "stubble," the result ian cane, and ery slightly inrior to
If the plants show a little yellow and million of acres. In West Florida the of years of neglect, when replanted
unthrifty when a few inches high, a area of rich clay and hammock lands in good soil, and well cared for, have juices.
top dressing of nitrate of soda will about Tallahassee, Madison, Monticel- made crops of immense weight, and The average of the three samples
help them along and restore their col- lo and Quincy compare favorably large sugar contents, with little im- from "Grand Ridge," "Jacksonville"
or. with the regions mentioned. Of Cuban purity in the juice. No plant more and "Biscayne Bay," three widely sep-
In the fall when the crop is made soil I know nothing personally; the quickly responds to generous treat- arated points in *Florida, show results
it is best not to harvest it immediate- testimony, however, of well-known meant, and none will suffer greater superior to elther Cuba or Loulslana
ly, but the canes for next year's seed Cubans is that the rich hammocks, neglect, and still return a fair har- cane, 1. e., Brix, 18.9; Sucrose, 17.1;
should be secured before any frdpt marl lands, and reclaimed muck lands, vest, than will tropical cane. purity, 89.6.
strikes them and properly banked, or alluvial soils of Florida are at The scientific data for Florida cane The report of Wm. C. Stubbs, direc-
C. K. McQuarrie. least equal to the best in Cuba, and is meager; in fact, until very recent tor of the Louisiana Sugar Experi-
DeFunlak Springs, Fla. in some instances better than the gen- years no analysis had been made; few meant Station, doubtless the most emi-
harpes Crm atorsproflt eral sugar fields of the island. planters weigh their crops, hence the nent authority on sugar growing and
Shars C m rator rofit Few persons traversing this State tonnage is not avatlable., Accurate manautactur l thlb country, id po
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 24
sibly in the world, shows for thirty
average samples, from all parts of
Florida, the following results.
Sucros..............15.04 per cent.
Glucose..............1.78 per cent.
Coeetelent of purity.. ..51.6 per cent.
This is certainly a good average for
the State. It means, with modern ap-
paratus, yield of 187.53 pounds of gran-
ulated, or pure sugar per ton of cane.
(A fair average in Louisiana is 185.)
This analysis also shows that the
purple (red) and striped (ribbon) cane
is far superior to the green in sugar
iountrut, and has mutll I os glult-un lu
it; hence it is by all means, to be pre-
ferred for sugar-making-a fact long
ago discovered by Louisiana and South
The thirteen samples of "purple" and
"striped" cane show the following av-
Sucrose...... ......17.12 per cent.
Glucose..... ..........1.08 per cent.
Coefficient of purity.. ..88.02 per cent.
Or an available sugar content (with
modern apparatus) or z2t pounds
of pure sugar per ton of cane.
It is not necessary to go further in-
to figures to show the superiority of
the (red) over tne (green) varieties.
The muiAid llt (including tihe red
and purple samples) yields 187.53
pounds, while the purple and striped
alone, yield 204-00, pounds per ton.
This superiority is also shown by the
results at Lake City, as stated by Prof.
Stockbridge. Not only is the percent-
age of sugar higher, but the impurities
are less, in the red or ribbon canes.
With thia evidence from unch emi-
there is no probability of killing frost,
where large fields can be safely allow-
ed to stand till wanted by the mill.
North of the twenty-seventh parallel
the central factory system-similar
osytem to the boot factory system of
Germany, Austria, and the West, will
be found most satisfactory. Where the
acreage is made up by numerous small
fields of ten to forty acres each, each
farmer, in case of threatened freez-
ing weather, can properly care for his
crop by windrowing or mat laying, as
is now practiced in Georgia, Mississ-
Ipli, and frequently in Tonuinlana-
The crop can be delivered as the
factory requires it. This process of
securing the crop adds but little to the
cost and keeps the cane perfectly for
months. No silos or bins are required
for cane, as with beets. The delay
caused by a cold snap seldom retards
the work of sugar-making to exceed
The Central Plan Best.-I advocate
the central mill plan, purchasing cane
flom the farmers, that the bent reaiilta
may be had both in the field and in the
factory, the farmer devoting his skill
and labor to producing the largest
possible crop of high-grade cane, the
wfllur tw o? maet easnomloal mtlnods
of making the best sugar, each receiv-
ing the greatest reward possible for his
skill in his particular line. Still if
necessary to do so, the farmer may
grow and make up his crop with the
following as a'fair estimate of capital
employed, on twenty acres:
8 per cent. interest on value of
land at $50 per acre ........ ..$ 80
neut authority, I think I am justified Fertiliaer, $8.5l pr PO re........
it my claim, that Florida's soil and
climate can produce cane superior to
any other State in the Union, and
equal to that of any sugar growing
Location of Mills.-Much interest is
now had in beet culture and sugar-
making in the West. Were it gener-
ally known that larger amounts of sug-
at, i1n Db made in Florlaia, at a muel
less cost per acre, with much less la-
bor, and but little skill in growing,
with far less capital required for ma-
chinery, and manufacturing, than in
beet sugar-making, vast sums would
be invested in the business. The lo-
cation of central mills, at various parts
of the State, near Quincy, Tallahas-
see, Madison and Lake City, Gaines-
ville, Ocala, Leesburg, Brooksville,
Lahcland, and Plant City, Bartow, Ft.
Meade, Punta Gorda, and Braiden-
town, could each afford a supply of
cane for mills making each 5,000,000
pounds per annum. On the St. Johns
river and East Coast, St. Augustine,
Hastings, DeLeon Springs, Tomoka,
Daytona, Port Orange, New Smyrna,
and Titusville, afford equally as fine
opportunities for the establishment of
These mills or factories, purchasing
their supplies of cane from the farmer,
can afford to pay for the cane deliver-
ed, a price equal to a sum now obtain-
ed for his crude syrup, made in a crude
and wasteful manner, saving the far-
mer the cost and annoyance of manu-
facture, and packages, and at the same
time make large profits on the capital
'Further south in Dade county and
Lee county, where vast areas of rich
land in large bodies can be had, the
plantation or "Gang system" will prove
most satisfttory, when the planter
owns and cultivates large areas of
cane and manufactures hugar also.
This system is applicable only where
8 per cent. interest on value of
mill ($500 complete).......... 40
Cost of manufacture of 10,000
gallons syrup, at 10c.......... 1,000)
Incidental expenses...... .... 30
Total cost expense ......... $1,300
This crop should yield 500 gallons of
syrup per acre, or 10,000 gallons. A
rair price for well-made syrup would
be 30 cents per gallon, or $3,000, leav-
ing for the labor of the farmer and his
family, $1,700. I consider this state-
ment conservative, and can refer to a
number of reliable farmers in divers
parts of the State, and to the reports
of the State Agricultural Department,
for confirmation, if necessary.
State Production.-The report of the
State Agricultural Convention for 1800
*hLgWB an aggregate avorago of 0,122
acres. The total value of the crop,
$850,940 or $95 per acre. As full 50
per cent. of the crop is wasted under
the present crude and imperfect sys-
tem and extraction and manufacture,
tlie use of modern apparatus will
double the yield with no increased
cost. In fact, a large saving can be
expected from the use of modern
methods, the yield doubled, and the
One able-bodied man with a good
horse, can easily care for twenty acres
of cane, besides an equal area in other
crops. Seed cane, 'if purchased at pres-
ent prices, will cost twelve to fifteen
dollars per acre. On average pine land,
a dressing of 500 pounds of cotton seed
meal (or first-class cow-penning), will
insure a crop of twenty-five tons of
cane or more. Made into syrup this
crop should sell for $150 per acre, (500
gallons at 30 cents.) Seed costing $15
dollars, fertilizing $10, and cost of
manufacture 10 cents per gallon,
makes a gross charge of $75, leaving
the farmer $75 per acre for his labor,
or $1,500 for the crop of twenty acres.
A NOTED TAMMANY LEADER'S WORDS
ABOUT PERUNA, THE IDEAL SPRING REMEDY.
CONGRESSMAN AMOS J. CUMMINGS, OF NEW YOBK.
NEW YORK, Oct. 11th, 1898. best dollar's worth I ever bought. My
-na Drug M'fg Co, Columbus, O.: wife has used your remedies with grati
.tlemen-Pe-ru-na is good for ca- tying results.
I eaos ts12i it ana Kasw it. It Miss ]lls DonuKn: of ~Eet~r~blinra rts
ed me immensely on my trip to in a letter written from Washington, D.
and I always have a bottle in C., says: "1 have used Pe-r-na and have
re. Since my return I have not found it to be a val-
ed from catarrh, but if I do I shall able and satisfae-
Pe-ru-na again. Meantime you tory remedy Pre-
t send me another bottle. vious to using it I
ours, Amos J. Cummings, M.C. suffered intensely
. W. G. Lienallen, a prominent with catarrh. I have
cian of Moscow, Idaho, and a clerk now taken one bot-
remedy and all
tie of your S valuable f
disappeared. I am
strong and healthy
and cannot recom- Miss Ella Bough.
mend your remedies too highly to all
afflicted mankind. Ella Bough.
Address in care of Ida Bough, Bureau
of Engraving and Printing, Washing-
ton, D. C.
Register United States Treamury.
S Hon. Judson W. Lyons, Register
United States Treasury, says in speak-
ing of Pe-ru-na: "I find Pe-ra-na to be
an vtzollvnt remedy for the clarrhli
affections of spring and summer, and
those who suffer from depression from
Hon. W. Lienallen. the heat of the summer will fnd no
e United States Senate document remedy equal to Pe-ru-na.
speaks in the following terms of Mayor of Graud Rapids.
*na: Hon. George O. toketee, ex-Mayer at
SENATE CHAMBU, Grand Rapids, Mich., in a recent letter
WAsHI~neTO, D. C. says;
*na Drug M'f'g Co, Columbus, 0.: Pe-ru-na Drug M'f'g Co Columbus,O.:
tlemen-I have used Pe-ru-na for Gentlemen-I desire to congratulate
rh of the stomach, and after the use you on your well merited success with
e bottle I felt very much relieved. Pe-ru-na. It is highly spoken of by
suffered for months before I those who have used it as a remedy for
of Pe-ru-na and at the solicitation catarrh and liver troubles. As a tonio
iend I was persuaded to use it and and invigorator it is of high merit, and
very grateful. To those who are it pleases me always to speak well of
Ing with catarrh I respootfully it as t deserves praise.
mend Pe-ru-na. Very respectfully Respectfully, George G. Steketee.
W. G. Lienallen. Pe-ru-na is an ideal spring remedy. It
. Stuart, of Eastland, Texas, says: strengthens, quiets, it restores appetite,
ve purchased one bottle of Pe-ru- helps digestion, and builds up weak
d it was used by myself and wife nerves. For free book address Dr. Hasr
pring medicine. I consider it the man, Columbus, Ohio.
Each acre of cane also will furnish income would be $75, without the-9-
enough tops to plant another acre, to 1hop and annoyancn of grinding and
increase the field or for sale. Should a boiling, and the cost of packages.
farmer sell his cane to a central mill A mill to grind and kettles to boll a
at present prices, $8 per ton, his gros crop of twenty acres can be purchased
of a fr
as a s
24 i THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
for $300, complete. The freights and
cost of setting it up will exceed $100.
Tanks and'a shed over the apparatus
will not exceed $100. Good lands can
be purchased at from Z5 to $50 per
acre in all parts of the sugar belt, de-
pending entirely on local conditions,
nearness to transportation, improve-
ments, etc. There are many thousands
of acres of United States homestead
lands still vacant in the State, with
State and railroad lands, for sale at
$1.25 to $5 per acre. A fair price for
good land unimproved within reason-
able distance of railroad or river
would be $10 per acre. There are but
few Improved farms for sale in the
With ample capital, modern appli-
ances and skillful management, the
profits to the farmer and to the manu-
facturer are large; with inferior ap-
paratus and wasteful methods in field
or mill, the profits are necessarily re-
duced. I will say, however, that, I
know of no farming and manufactur-
ing business that offers more certain
and larger dividends on the amount of
labor and capital invested than does
a well managed sugar-cane field and
mill. When it is practical to combine
the acreage of a number of farms, se-
cure modern apparatus, with skillful
attendants, the profits will be in direct
proportion to the amount of cane fur-
nished and the size of the mill. While
it is very profitable to grow from one
tc five acres ot cane and make it up in-
to syrup or sugar with a horse mill
and open kettles, a well-equipped mod-
ern mill can afford to pay for the cane
alone the full amount the farmer
would receive net for his syrup or su-
gar when "made up" and make a large
To conclude, I will say the average
crop of the State, from the best evi-
dence obtainable, is twenty tons of
cane per acre, worth at present, $3.15
per ton at the mill. The sugar pro-
duced would be worth $6.68, leaving
the manufacturer $3.53 per ton of
cane to pay for manufacturing and for
interest on his investment, with every
prospect o fthe value of cane and sug-
ar increasing for some time to come.
Bice Culture in the United States.
Rice forms the principal food of one-
half the population of the earth. It is
more widely and generally used as a
food material than any other cereal.
Where dense populations are depend-
ent for food upon an annual crop, and
the climate permits its cultivation,
rice has been selected as the staple
food. The luxuriant growth of legum-
inous plants 1(beans, peas, etc.,) at all
seasons in tropical climates provides
the nitrogen food elements necessary
to supplement rice. A combination of
rice and legumes is a much cheaper
complete food ration than wheat and
meat and can be produced on a much
'Rice. is an animal plant, belonging
to the natural family of grasses. There
ti an immense number of varieties of
cultivated rice, differing in length of
the season required for maturing, and
i. character, yield and quality. Their
divergence not only extends to size,
shape and color of the grain, but to
the relative proportion of food constit.
uents and the consequent flavor. South
Carolina and Japan prices are rich in
fats, and hence are ranked high in
flavor and nutrition among rice-eating
nations. A botanical catalogue enum-
erates 161 varieties found in Ceylon
alone, while in Japan, China and In-
dia, where its cultivation has gone on
for centuries, and where great care is
usually taken in the improvement of
the crop by the selection of seed, no
less than 1,400 varieties are said to
The two principal varieties of low-
land rice cultivated in the Atlantic
States are the "gold seed," so called
from the golden-yellow color of its husk
when ripe, and the "white rice," the
original rice introduced in this country
in 1804, which has a cream-colored
husk and resembles the rice common-
ly grown in China.
The annual imports of rice into the
United States for the fiscal years 1894
to 1899 averaged 120,688,055 pounds,
and the imports of broken rice, flour
and meal 62,746,526 pounds, the whole
having an average value of $3,200,000.
The production of rice in this country
is bout one-half this amount.
Rice production in the United States
is limited to the South Atlantic and
Gulf States, where, in some sections,
it is the principal cereal product. For
nearly one hundred and ninety years
after the introduction of rice into the
United States, South Carolina and
North Carolina, Florida, Alabama,
.Misii.sippi and Louisiana grew only a
limited amount. Within the last ten
years Louisana and Texas have in-
creased the area devoted to rice to
such an extent that they now furnish'
nearly three-fourths of all the product
of the country.
On the rice fields which have good
drainage other crops still may be suc-
cessfully grown, such as millet and
sorghum and a great many other farm
products, and a great success might be
attained in this way, from the fact that
such crops could be irrigated to great
advantage by planting on ridges
thrown up by backfurrowing and the
Sater conducted between such ridges.
These crops could be harvested early
in what would be called the fall weath-
er in the North.
Land should be broken for rice grow-
ing any time during the early fall and
winter, the earlier the better. The
heavy growth of grass should be re-
moved by burning or otherwise, yet if
the land is broken in the early fall this
grass can be turned under and will not
rot during the winter.
In the spring, no later than the fore
part of March, the sod should be well
cut up with disc harrows, rolled and
harrowed. The rice is planted the same
as wheat-broadcasted, and is harrow-
ed in nicely.
After the rice has grown from ten
tc twelve Inches high water should be
turned on and the surface kept covered
from this time until the crop is grown,
and the head begins to droop with the
weight of the grain. At this time the
water should be removed from the
fields so that the ground may dry out
permanently. In about two weeks the
rice will be ready for the binders.
Sacks of rice contain all the way
from 140 to 200 pounds and sometimes
over, according -to the quality of the
grain, size of the sack and the way it
is filled. A barrel of rice always con-
tains 162 pounds. In selling and buy-
ing rice it is always quoted by the bar-
rel. The standard bushel contains for-
The amount of seed required to sow
an acre of ground varies somewhat,
according to the season. In sowing in
March one should use .80 to 100
pounds; in the fore part of April 75
pounds to the acre; in May or June,
is planted the more seed It takes, on
account of the ground being wet and
cold. In April and May the ground be
comes warmer and every seed germin
'Pure seed rice, home grown,- com-
mands usually from $4 to $6 per bar-
rel; imported Japan, from $7 to $10
and imported Honduras, $5 to $8
Rice straw, when well preserved, is
of fully as much value for feeding pur-
poses as oat straw in the North. It ia
used by rice farmers exclusively as
hay for their stock. It also makes a
good quality of paper.
The rice is bound, shocked and capped
the same as wheat, and is almost ex-
clusively threshed from the shock, very
few rice farmers stacking their rice.
After remaining in the shock two to
four weeks, the rice is ready for
threshing, ana no time should be lost
in this, so that as few chances as pos-
sible be taken of Injury from rain and
In hauling the rice from the shock
to the threshing machine, use a solid
bottom made of flooring for the wagon
rack, thereby saving a great amount
of rice which shatters from the heads
in hauling.-Grocers' Criterion.
An interesting statement showing
the sources of the agricultural imports
of the United States during the last
five fiscal years, 1894-1898, has been
prepared by Frank H. Hitchcock,
chief of the foreign market section of
the Agricultural Department. Some of
the more important statements it con-
tains are as follows:
"During the five fiscal years, 1894-
1898 the agricultural imports of the
United States had an annual value of
$368,748,457. Sugar, coffee, tfdes an.
skins, wool, silk, vegetable fibers,
fruits and tea were the articles im-
ported most extensively. Measured in
value these eight items formed over
four-fifths of our total import trade in
agricultural products for the period
mentioned, their combined value ag-
gregating about $300,000,000 a year.
"Of this sum more than one half was
paid for two commodities-sugar and
coffee. The average yearly value of
the sugar imports for 1894-1898
amounted to $90,418,685, and coffee,
"Brazil, which furnishes about two-
thirds of the coffee imports, heads the
list. The agricultural imports from
Brazil during the five years had an av-
erage annual value of $59,617,524.
Cuba, the principal course of the sugar
purchased by the United States, rank-
ed next to Brazil in importance. The
average yearly value for 1894-1898 of
our agricultural imports from the is-
land amounted to $38,403,252, or ten
per cent. of the total After sugar the
most important items were tobacco
and fruits. Under normal conditions,
our imports of agricultural produce
from Cuba, are much larger than is in-
dicated by the average for 1894-1898
During the period mentioned there was
a remarkable falling off, the imports
value for 1898 amounting to only $13,-
158,036, as compared with $72,451,855
for 1894. In 1894 Cuba stood foremost
among the sources of our agricultural
imports, the products received from
the island during that year exceeding
in value those from Brazil.
"The agricultural imports from the
United Kingdom averaged annually
$33,084,065, a large part being the pro-
duce of British dependencies re-ex-
"To-monow, and to-marrow, and to-morrow.,
Creep on in petty space from day to day
And all or yesterdays have lilgted foo
The way of dusky death.",
Procrastination is the thief of health
as well as the thief of time. There are
few things in which pro-
crastination is so much
Sm indulged as in let-
ter writing. We
mean to wnte, but
S to-morrow creep
/ \ on" and we
This is bad
L the corres-
social or busi-
news in its character, but when it con-
erns the vital issue of health it is in-
This touchesyou, ifyou are one of the
women who have felt inclined to take
Advantage of Dr. Pierce's offer of a con-
sultation by letter, free. You have
studied the evidence which shows how
other women have been cured. You
cannot doubt but that Dr. Pierce's Fa-
vorite Prescription does cure diseases
peculiar to women; irregularity, ulcer-
ations inflammations, bearing-down
pains. You cannot doubt it, because of
the force of the testimony of hundreds
of thousands of weak women made
strong, and sick women made well, and
you mean to write-to-morrow.
Write to-day. Your letter will be
read in private, its contents guarded as
a sacred confidence, and an answer
promptly mailed you in a plain envelope
without any printing upon it. Address
Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.
i When I wrote yo about my ailments I wa
living in Richland, Iowa," writes Mrs, M. Vas-
tine, of 647 South Liberty Street, Gales.b Ill.
I took ax bottle of Dr. Pierce's Paort Pre-
scription, four of the 'Golden Medical Discov-
r' and four vials of Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pel-
le. Before I had taken foir bottles of the
'Favorite Prescription '.1 was a new woman. I
cannot make pen describe my heartfelt grati-
tude. bt will confirm the truth of all I ay if
those who write inclose stamped envelope for
Dr. Pierce's Pellets are a natural aid
to beauty. They clear the complexion.
and hides were the leading articles.
From Germany the average annual im-
ports were $23,004,787, beet sugar
forming the principal Item; from
China, $17,278,849, tea and silk being
the principal items. Of all the tea
Imported, more than one-half came
from China. From Japan the imports
were $16,802,785. silk being the most
important item, about one-half of the
total silk importations coming from
that country. Japan also furnished
over a third of the tea imported. From
France, the average yearly imports
were $16,606,847, wines, hydes, wool,
silk, fruit, nuts, and vegetable oils,
being the leading items. Imports from
other countries: Italy, $14,057,238;
Mexico, $13,004,462, vegetable fibers
being the leading item; Dutch East In-
dies, $12,00,172, a large part of the
sum being paid for cane sugar; Ha-
waiian Islands, $12,073,440, sugar
forming the principal part, and after
that rice, coffee, bananas and hides;
British West Indies, $9,901,839, sugar
being the chief import; Canada, $9,-
883,491, largely farm products; Neth-
erlands, $8,961,110, Sumatra tobacco
composing about half; British East In-
dies, $8,910,011; Venezuela, $7,893,938,
largely coffee, Venezuela ranking
next to Brazil as a source of coffee
supply; Argentina, 7,361,272; Egypt,
$5,020,765, Egyptian cotton being the
leading item. The above mentioned
countries include all whose imports
exceed $5,000,000. The agricultural
imports from the Philippine Islands,
consisting chiefly of manila hemp and
sugar, averaged $4,925,669.
"Althongh the total value of the ag-
ricultural Imports amounted to only
$814,291,796 in 1898, as compared with
$864,433,627 in 1894, a considerable in-
crease was recorded from several of
50 or 00 pounds. The earlier the seed ported by the mother country. Wool the leading sources of suuply. Japan,
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. aS
.. -._ _
China and the Hawaiian islands af-
forded the most striking instances of
a growing trade. The value of the ag-
rfcultural products imported from Ja-
pan rose from $14,035,637 in 1804 to
$20,005,384 in 1898; China from $14,-
282,829 to $18,346,474; and the Ha-
waiian islands from $10,020,943 to $17,-
"Of the sources from which products
of agriculture were received in dim-
inished quantities during the five years
Cuba was the most conspicuous. As a
result of the disturbed conditions that
prevailed on the island, our agricultur-
al imports from Cuba declined in value
from $72,451,355 in 1894 to only $13,-
158,036 in 1808, a falling off of nearly
"Next to the Cuban trade, the most
important decline occurred in the case
of Brazil, our agricultural imports
from that country showing a loss of
more than $20,000,000. The value for
1898 was only $46,400,192, as against
$68,100,195, for 1894.
"Over one-half of the agricultural
imports for the five years came from
countries lying wholly, or in chief part,
within the tropics and consisted largely
of products that cannot be supplied
From our own soil."
A Xodel Dairy farm.
Mr. C. E. Bradley's place in this
county, known as New Hope, comes
as near being a model dairy farm as
t is possible to find anywhere in this
section. There are others with a larg-
er output, but Mr. Alfred Atklnkin, the
superintendent, and his excellent wife,
who attended a dairy school in Eng-
land, and has charge of the butter-
making, are so precise in their manage-
ment of everything that others would
do well to pattern after them. This is
being done, too, Judging from the num-
ber of visitors they have and the in-
terest manifested in their work.
As evidence that desirable results
follow such work we are permitted
this week to reproduce the following
extract from a personal letter received
a few days ago by Mr. Bradley, from
H. E. Stockbridge, Ph. D., of the Flor-
ida Agricultural College and Experi-
ment Station at Lake City. Mr. Stock-
'" was in Tallahassee for a few
hours on the 12th inst., and hoped to
see you in person and thank you for
that sample of butter. It was un-
questionably a very superior article;
no better butter can be produced any-
where, and you may rest assured that
it would top the market as gilt edge
anywhere in the world. I am proud
that Florida can produce such an arti-
cle, and heartily congratulate you on
Mr. Bradley seos about one hundred
pounds of this butter weekly, and says
he could market 150 pounds more at 25
cents per pound if be had it. He is
quite satisfied at that figure, though
some others are not.-Tallahasseean.
ksed and Sudsam
The United States Department of
Agriculture has recently issued a bul-
letin on "The Farmer's Interest in
Good Seed." The bulletin discusses at
considerable length the methods of
testing seed by the government, and
touching the subject of dealers, It
It is hardly necessary to insist that
seme seed dealers are more reliable
than others. There are plenty of hon-
est seedmen in the United States and
these aim to treat a customer fairly,
but many of these firms have not an finishing her work she went to hedJ,
adequate knowledge of grass and for
* age plant seeds and are almost as ha
Hle to error as the purchaser himself
* A firm that can be depended upon in
* the sale of grasses and clovers musl
not only be honest, but must have a
* special knowledge of the seeds it sells
Such firms usually offer their custom.
i er a fancy article and urge them t(
buy it in preference to the cheaper
Grades, but the latter must be handled
Sbcause of the demand for them.
At a meeting of seedmen one of the
number said that he had been advised
to continue offering high-grade seeds
although the demand did not seem tc
justify it, and these grades were not
profitable. The reason given to him
was that it would help his reputation
and that so long as people were foolish
enough to buy low grades and tailings
His profits would come from the sale
of these low grades. It is true that
seedsmen find less profit in the high
grades than they do in the cheaper
ones, and no dealer can afford to con-
fine his trade to the former. He must
keep what his customers demand. But
how much more profitable for the cus-
tomer to buy the high-grade seeds.
When the purchaser personally
knows his dealer to be both honest
and capable he may safely buy the
high-grade seed offered. In most cases,
however, these ideal conditions do not
exist, and the seeds are bought from
dealers of whom little is known beyond
their financial standing, it is in these
cases-and they make up the bulk of
the trade-that the percentage state-
ment and subsequent test are useful.
In Europe many of the best firms
have guaranty relations with seed-
testing stations. They guarantee their
seeds after these have been tested by
the station, and a buyer has the priv-
ilege of having the seeds tested by the
station free of cost. If the seeds fall
short of the guaranty the matter is set-
tled according to the terms of the con-
tract. There seems to be no reason
why a guaranty should not be given in
this country. Fertilizer laws indicate
a concession that the farmer has a
right to know exactly what he is buy-
ing. An analysis of seed is as easily
made as one of fertilizers, and why
should not the purchaser demand a
guaranteed analysis of the seed he
buys? It would, of course, be unreas-
onable to expect the same guaranty
for all grades and prices, and some
years it might even be impossible to
offer seeds of the highest grades. Con-
dition of place and season must control
everywhere, but the purchaser should
have a chance to know Just what the
particular lot he buys Is worth. This
end might also be attained by securing
a statement, without a guaranty of the
purity and germination of the seed of-
While guaranteed seed is undoubted-
ly the safest, its extra cost may at
first render it unpopular, and would
greatly limit its use even if a guaran-
ty could be obtained. However, by
substituting a percentage statement of
quality for tne present vague and the
unreliable grades names, much would
be done to protect the buyer and to ex-
pose those dealers who habitually sell
Inferior goods at slightly lower prices
to catch the unwary.
Miss Nora I.ee Smith received a ter-
rible fright Monday night. She went
to her room about ten o'clock, and,
after looking under the bed, sat down
and wrote a couple of letters. After
- but had nor been there long when a
- strange noise was heard. On investi-
. gation she found a negro man crouch-
i ing behind 'acr dresser. Dropping the
t lamp, Miss Nora gave a scream and
i started for the door. Her father, J.
SW. Smith, heard the screams aid went
* to see what was the matter. Be met
his daughter in the hallway, badly
frightened. It was some seconds be-
I fore she could explain matters, when
Mi. Smith w"nt to investigate further' .
1He found the back window open, but
Ithe intruder was not there, having
Jumped to tie ground, a distance of
about twenty-five feet. Sheriff McClel-
San was notified but his dogs were in
the country, and it was some t'ine be-
fre they could be secured. By this
time the trail was cold, and the negro
I succeeded in making his escape.-Way-
cross correspondence T.-U. & C.
The profit of a gold mine depends,
not on the amount of rock crushed un-
. der the stamps, but upon the amount
Sof gold that can be extracted from the
t rock. In a similar way, the value of
Sthe food eaten does not depend on the
quantity eaten which is taken into the
stomach but upon the amount of nour-
ishment extracted from it by the or-
gans of nutrition and digestion. When
these organs are diseased they fail to
extract the nourishment in sufficient
quantities to supply the needs of the
several organs of the body, and these
organs cannot work without nourish-
ment. The result is heart "trouble,"
liver "trouble," and many other all-
ments. Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
Discovery, acting on every organ of the
digestive and nutritive system, re-
stores it to health and vigor. It cures
diseases remote from the stomach
through the stomach in which they
originated. "Golden Medical Discov-
ery" contains neither alcohol nor nar-
The Rosa Bonheur monument at
Fontainebleau, will be modeled under
the direction of her brother, Isidore. It
will consist of a bull in bronze, en-
larged from a model made by Rosa
Bonheur herself. One side of the ped-
estal will bear a bronze bas-relief of
"The Horse Fair," and the panel on
the other side will contain a group of
cattle from another of her paintings.
At the rear end of the pedestral an
upright panel will exhibit the bas-re-
l:ef of a stag, and at the front end
there will be a bronze medallion por-
trait of the artist and the inscription.
According to Combe, boys born In the
month of September, October, No-
vember, December, January and Feb-
ruary are not so tall as those born in
other months. Those born in Novem-
ber are the shortest. Girls, according
to the same authority, born in Decem-
ber, January, February, March, April
and May, show a less length of body
than those born in the remaining
months. Those born from June to
November are taller, but the tallest are
born in August. To some extent these
acts are attributed to economic condi-
tions, for a child born in summer has
generally better food and air.
The International Publishing Com-
pany of Philadelphia and Chicago.
have just published a new and inter-
esting life of D. L. Moody. Also.
"War in Africa," and many other ele-
gant and useful books. The best terms
to agents. Apply to I. Morgan, Kis-
simmee, State agent for Florida.
That wiil kill
all the weeds
in your lawn.
If you keep
the weeds cut
so they do not
go to seed,
and cut your
breaking the small feeders of roots
the grass will become thick and
weeds will disappear. Send for
THE CLIPPER WILL DO T
CLIPPER LAWN MOWER 00.
TRUSSES, .Qn I.25 AND UP
W so.. neW
at fni thes oerd I r-
the price char A by th d a
WCALTEE g161VIT WaI M s. .
wheler yo h Y our0ftdb2iW or oar I.S Ik
trst li3..b e b-.e. illueatted abov eat thie
ad. out Dud sendtou with it SICUL Ia mi
sate yoar Uidt, Wsdtt, A holwlong youavebe
ruptured, wbhetor irupum large or all; alo stato
number neahe roud the body on a line with the
rupture, say whether rupture on right or let side,
and we will end eithertrs to you with the under-
stclndinr. Iflt h Is at a rt a ai l ..sll rin t
*ta at th seA ttee e U rmyueeoacantuma it and we
will return your money.
WRITE FOR FREE TRUSS CATALOGUE ?..i,*ei',
f tmms induing the New Si -- L Tm d7L
A 6 EARS, ROE 0UoK& O. -ci
Unlealthy Kidneys Make Impure Nos] .
All the blood In your body passes through
your kidneys once every three minutes.
The kidneys are your
blood purifiers, they fil-
Ster out the waste or
impurities in the blood.
If they are sick or out
of order, they fall to do
W their work.
matism come from ex-
Scessof uri acid in the
blood, due to neglected
Kidney trouble causes quick or unsteady
heart beats, and makes one feel as though
they had heart trouble, because the heart is
over-working in pumping thick, kidney-
poisoned blood through veins and arteries.
It used to be considered that only urinary
troubles were to be traced to the kidneys,
but now modern science proves that nearly
all constitutional diseases have their begin-
ning in kidney trouble.
If you are sick you can make no mistake
by first doctoring your kidneys. The mild
and the extraordinary effect of Dr. Kiimer's
Swamp-Root, the great kidney remedy is
soon realized. It stands the highest for its
wonderful cures of the most distressing cues
and is sold on its merits
by all druggists in fifty-
cent and one-dollar siz-
es. You may have am
sample bottle by mail Home of Swmp-Bt.
free, also pamphlet telling you how to find
out if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
Mention this paper when writing Dr. Kmer
& Co., Binghamton, N. Y.
246 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Dwarf iatm Beans all Summer. cities of vege ables. It is the aim of
B. M. Hampton, of Polk county, in every sensible gardener to produce the
Semi-Weekly Times-Union and Citi- biggest crop with the least expense.
zen. The margin of profit nowadays is none
Don't fail to plant some. You can too large, therefore business methods
get the seed from several of your ad- must be rigidly observed in every con-
vertisers in the agricultural page, nection.
Henderson's Dwarf Lima Beans (mine The three important items which ev-
are all gone but what I saved for seed). ery grower strives for are quality,
Now, I will tell you How I planted quantity and earliness. Any man who
mine last season, and I did not fail can produce the best quality of any
either. vegetable in goodly quantity and get
I plaited possibly about an eighth it on the market at such a time' when
of an acre and had them in abundance it is regarded as a luxury, can almost
all summer and fall to use green, and name his own selling price. There are
saved about a bushel of dry ones, and lots of men who do this, but they have
many went to waste besides. As to mastered every detail of their profes-
planting, I don't know that I can do sion, to study the soils best suited to
any better than to tell'how I planted the different crops, the particular va-
mine. I planted them about the mid- rieties adapted to their climate, when
die of April-later will do-so there is and how to cultivate, and last but not
tfme yet for planting, least, the combination of plant food
Now, for the mode of planting. I which will produce the largest returns
First plowed the ground deeply, har- in proportion to the outlay.
rowed it thoroughly, then took a bull- Fortunately farmers do not have to
tongue, and run it as deeply as possi- study all these points for themselves.
ble, in furrows about two and one- The agricultural experiment stations
half feet apart, making a good, deep have been established to make trials
furrow to plant in. Then, as I had iin different lines of agriculture and
only the least mite of fertilizer, I took spread the results of their investiga-
some well decomposed muck of a good tions amongst the farmers themselves.
quality that I had decomposed with This saves the latter much time, be-
lime. This I strewed at the'bottom cause there are certain principles
of the furrow. I also sprinkled a lit- which apply in one section as well as
tie of the ashes I had saved while in another. That of feedingplants is
burning oak wood. Next I dropped the a universal principle. xhe man who
beans, 3 in a place, 18 inches apart raises potatoes in Maine must consider
then covered with the hoe, filling the the needs of his crops as much as the
furrow not quite full. orange grower in Florida.
By leaving a hollow, it helped to In feeding plants there is really only
catch what little rain came for the one point to be borne in mind, and that
next six weeks, and conveyed it di- i; how much phosphoric acid, nitrogen
rectly to the roots. Then, after a rain, and potash must be used, ana when
I finished filling in the furrow, keep- and how they can be applied so as to
ing all the weeds out from between the produce the best results. All veget-
rows and the ground loose. This car- ables are heavy feeders of nitrogen
ried them through to the rainy season. and potash, but need comparatively lit-
Before the first rush of beans was over tie phosphoric acid. A crop of 200
I gave them a mere sprinkle of com- bushels of potatoes, for example, re-
mercial fertilizer, and worked it in moves from the soil 50 pounds of nitro-
wel. They soon started up and set gen, 60 pounds of potash, and 21
on a new crop, and continued to do so pounds of phosphoric acid, to supply
until November. Then wanting the which 300 pounds of nitrate of soda,
ground, I plowed them down, and 1 140 pounds of muriate of potash, and
have a fine lot of tomatoes on the same 150 pounds of acid phosphate would
ground with almost no fertilizer; that be required for each crop.
i commercial fertilizer, though I used It is not only necessary to supply
some palmetto ashes that I burned on enough plant food to meet the needs
purpose. of the crops and keep the soil from
DEAFNESS CANNOT BE CURED becoming "run down," but it is equal-
By local applications as they cannot 13 important to give plants their nour-
reach the diseased portion of the ear. ishment in such a form that it will do
There is only one way to curY deafnoess, the greatest amount of good. To il-
and that is by constitutional remedies. lustrate, take potatoes. First to avoid
Deafness is caused by an inflamed con- "scab," it Is safer not to use stable
edition of the mucus lining of the Ens- manure or certain animal manures, be-
tachian Tube. When this tube is In- cause such encourage tlie growth of
flamed you have a rumbling sound ot fungus diseases. Stable manure being
imperfect hearing, and when it is eo- valuable principally for nitrogen, a
tirely closed, deafness is the result, better source of this material would
and unless the inflammation can be be nitrate of soda.
taken out and this tube restored to its The proper amount of plant food
normal condition, hearing will be de- must not only be given to the plants,
stroyed forever: nine cases out of ten but in the right quantity and at the
are caused by catarrh, which is noth- proper time. It is easy enough to sup-
ing but an inflamed condition of the ply plants with soluble phosphoric acid
mucus surfaces. and potash, but when it comes to ni-
We will give One Hundred Dollars trogen all forms are not the same.
for any case of deafness (caused by Stable manure must rot before plants
catarrh) that cannot be cured by Hall'scan absorb it. Fish scrs must de-
Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars, compose before becoming available,
compose before becoming available,
free F.. CHENEY & CO., and other organic manures also have
b drgg 5 Toledo, 0. tt, lie in the soil and change into ni-
rlld by druggo fore thoy afr or any valuo to
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
the growing crop. Nitrate of soda,
however, acts at once, and is probably
Vegetables and Plant Food. te best form of nitrogen to use with
Garden crops are heavy feeders, and the necessary amounts of phosphoric
the trucker knows he must do some- acid and potash in market gardening.
thing for his land, if he expects it to Being specially soluble the nitrate can
produce large quantities and good qual- be absorbed by the growing crops and
this is one of the most important points
isi causing them to mature early. CU ES
A good dose for garden crops is a
mixture per acre of 400 pounds acid The rtatert sapetait of the Bom* Gl vm
Every Came HIs Personal Attention.
phosphate, 150 pounds muriate of pot- Modotos have certain number
ta rosdtoes d... hace thaonsein
ash, and 250 pounds of nitrate of soda. H of stock rmaes w wch they use na
Hathaway's all cases which seem at all similar.
Apply the phosphate and potash before Its This is not Dr. Hathaway's method.
Very cse with him is most carefully
planting and work it into the soil, then oe and the eact
use the nitrate afterwards as a top dery caseis rea. Thuse-
everv ase aemted sepir-
dressing, divided into two or three mtelyanm", ed icin aread
parts.-Southern Ruralist. M prepared under
*7 vr-h. Hauthaway's peraona
Business Methods in Parming. btibyaourdseaSthe
same manner, coniequent-
Every crop planted on the farm, iyrotwonmTole hoUle be
every animal bought, and every man even for same complain
Dr. Hathaway is aspect
hired is an investment, involving sound let in the best aenseot the
word-he treats special dh
business judgment, in both the plan- of hisown-a system died o as eagowmnner
ning and the management, to insure a a coe and hospital prate and im
Srovd and enlarged uponconstantly
profitable outcome. Too often crops peelally during the twenty years since-
twenty years of the most extensive
are planted, or stock raised, simply Trats. praete enjoyed ban speiaitLn
-thiseon try. Dr. Bathwars greatand unitorms sue
because other farmers raise them, cesis due tohi ndividualsystemof treatment.
Be--- w- In spite of hundreds of request
without regard to the cost, the market fI . yearly frodoctors inalpartof th
Is-ua- world, asking for the privilege of
oz the adaptability to the particular usingDr.Hathawaymehdoftreatmenthebeheiev
It wiser to allow none beside himself the knowledge
farm and its equipment. When plant- ohisremedies, as he istooweu aware of them
d, no ountchief which may be done by the unskillful use of a
system. nevermind how pe=
ed, no account is kept of the expense, ... .and h Dr.thea ermsimowntf
WedmIe USli Dr. Hathaway's treatmentfo
and not even an estimate is made of Umeam.. blooddiseases inwhatever tage
cureeall forms of ulcer, sores,
the cost, but the crop is sold as soon blotches, let.,annotonl restoresthesin
and mltotheir natural condition, buteo purides
as harvested for what it will bring, the boothatthe diseses permanently and com-
pletely driven from the system and all this without
and the crop is repeated the next sea- administering poo or nerous drus.,
S -- His treatment of Varicoee
son. While it would sometimes cost Varleeele ndandStrcture I method exl
asivel his own and Inlo per cent
more than the crops were worth to and pe.ento re r s ntaperfeet
danpermanen N o operation is required and
keep a detailed set of accounts with no pain or inconvence are experienced b the
iRatent. The expense of this treatment is mnch lee
each crop, still a simple business-like nthanot of an operaton or hospital or insttltte
treatment, and bo sam and sure, rest boring the
set of farm accounts will furnish the organstoacooditionf ertenormal nheth.
data whereby the profitableness of par- Edy tet question blan os who have
Dieae. reason to suspect Kidney trouble and
ticular crops, or stock, may be closely e e thlsblank bhew ladlyend tree to
everyone who send him his name and address.
estimated, and thus furnish a safer O 0 The b demand fid Dr Hathawyes new
m b ook 'Maniness, v ior Health" hb
basis than guess work for the aban- FREL aeexhaed the aret eFitonot
donnient of the crop, or for changing thisbook wlbe sent freeto anyone wo send his
Semsa mile.,_aname and address to Dr. Hathaway.
its treatment. Whether accounts are Dr. Hathaway makes do r charge
kept with particular fields or crops or his office or by mal.
not, there should be accounts open Dr.ON HtAU A. ,c
with the farm, and others with house- os THIS PAPUM WH a S S ,
hold and personal expenses. By tak-
ing stock each year, it can be deter- $9.75 BOX RAIN COAT
mined whether the farm has been prof- e' U r s, T $2.75
itable; whether the improvements have SEND NO MONEY. cat bis f ad t
exceeded the repairs; whether person- s-t- ase.th.,sker
makes areaa4 b at b Ltakeer
a! pleasures have been too extrava- I.A e-dt,ieou m amsa.S
we will send you this cot by express *
gant; and whether the household de- Ou .., s.bj.t 1.eti E
amine and ty it onat yournearet
apartment has been economically car- expe omce, and m fus "ai
11s1 ed aw? Wt a"ad we.1eu
ried on. Of course there should be an i y- v es era s is -i
to e a you a f e
account for every person with whom e05%ly the ea agent eaS
SsrsFUl .sl u .75, and
a credit business is transacted, for ev- r ;=XiTe1 aisi teatsl
eryone admits that memory utterly e, easy fitting, made from sb
fails in keeping an accurate record of s; fll lenh, double, breted,
Saer velvet collar, fancy pls~ilg.
waterproof sewed ,eams.-4t for
such transactions. Treat the farm as a both rp Os'es, and gmaas
gATvAear AvAn ern arnd by us or
person and see whether it can be cred- -- anyotherhouse. r~ SmpS
ited with a fair balance of profit every Vle- t leaSn uip to -f.-
coasts at from $5 0 to 110.00, write for
new year. If farming is a business, sus u s oa c n Bs Osto10.S ri Atef
then the keeping of farm accounts will IrREsatua & CO. (In'.) CHICA*0o
sioass tamsbt ,eeatit-smill
Now is the Season when the small
boy fills himself with green fuuit,
which invariably leads to cramps, di-
:1rrhols('! or d( sellt ry. If parents are
prudent, they will have a bottle of
Pain-Killer, ready for such summerTRID MaSi
emergencies. Avoid substitutes, there COPYRIo Ac.
is but one Pain-iller Perry Davis. Anyone sending skeh and de on m
i but one Pain-Killer, Perry Davis'. quickly ascertain our opinion free whether as
Price 25c and 5c. 1 invention i probably ptentable Communa
ice 2c and 0t. 1 ionsstrictlyconadentigl. Handbook on Patents
sent free. Oldest rency for securingmpatent.
Patents taken t rough Menu a Co. receive
Let us give vo prices on -our job s tice,wtout care, In the
work. vu f Jih e caL
A handsomely illustrated weekly. laret er-
culation of any scientio journal. Terms. $3 a
year :four months, U old ball mewsdealer
MUNH & Co.3ame. New hYi
Eureka Harness Oil is the best Branch Office. 6 F -. Washt.rton. l r
preservative of new leather
and the best renovator of old W tern Po ltry i fa ,
leather. It ols, softens, black- W stere Poultry Farm,
ens and protects. Ue MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
Eur ka It tells how to make poultry rslaing
a end to day. We s1ll nest liqa 111 0e S ui-
er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
N am e O l Sbands for poultry, 1 dos., 20 ets; 25 for Lf;
on your best haranem your old ha cts: 50 for 50 cts: a10 for rl.
ness, and your carriasetop, and they
will not only look better but wearRK SOCK With Jacksot's Alumi-
longer. Sold everywhere In cans-all
sizes from half pints to five gallonR STOCK Ear Tags . .
Msad by IhTANDD OIL ef Always bright. Can't come out.
JACKSON STOCK MARKER CO.,
Samples sent free, St. Louis. Mo.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. a2
Addren all ee-p ntetke- to the
editor, W. 0. stesot Stturland, Fla
This is the botanical name of the
"Camphor tree." The trees are being
extensively advertised and the growing
o' them recommended as a profitable
business. Reasoner Bros.' catalogue
says of them: "Will grow on very
poor sand, where few plants will live,
although, of course, it does better
where properly manured."
Probably most of those set out in the
State have been planted on high dry
land. Those who have only seen them
In such soil have very little idea of the
possibilities of the Camphor tree.
Anyone who wants a quick growing
and very beautiful ornamental tree
should set out a Camphor tree. Be-
fore the freeze of February 13th, 1899,
we had one that was 80 feet high, 18
to 20 feet in diameter and was always
admired at all seasons, attracting a
great deal of attention. The tree stood
in "flatwoods" soil where after heavy
rains in spring and summer the so:l
was saturated for days at a time. It
was about twelve years old.
The freeze killed It to within three
feet of the ground. The top was cut
off nd all the sprouts allowed to grow
at wilL It now stands ten feet high
and eight foot in dis9,ter, as perfectly
cone shaped as if trimmed into shape
Being evergreen the leaves are al-
ways beautiful, but Just now, April 4,
It ip certainly a "thing of beauty." The
whole tree is covered with new growth,
the end of every twig bearing a shoot
of a peculiar reddish tinge which must
be seen to be appreciated, it cannot be
described. In a few weeks these will
all turn dark green. Before the tree
the tree bore each year a large crop of
dark blue-black berries which hung on
for weeks, often for months, through
the winter and spring. It did not
bloom last year, but is quite full of
buds now and will no doubt bear quite
a good many berries this year.
The freeze of 1894 and '95 did not
kill the tree, though one side was much
damaged by the February cold that
winter. In February, 1809, a much
smaller tree on a neighbor's place only
a mile away lived through almost en-
tirely uninjured. This was probably
owing to the tact that being on high,
dry soil, the tree was not so full of
sap, nor so nearly ready to put out a
We clip part of an account of this
plant from Success With Flowers. We
omit the cultural directions, being in-
tended for those who wish to grow it
in the house at the North. It is entire-
ly hardy throughout Florida and even
much farther north. It lives through
the winters in North Carolina in some
localities. It cannot be recommended
"Olea Fragrans, or, as It is popular-
ly known, the Tea or Fragrant Olive,
is a very useful evergreen plant, ana
il a native of the north of China, where
iL is much esteemed, and the leaves us-
ed to adulterate the flavor of tea. It.
is also a well-known and favorite
greenhouse plant, and is fast becoming
a favorite for the window garden, as
it is of the easiest management and
will produce the meet satisfactory re-
slia, SYtB I gIWfg li window have
ing northern or western exposure. The
leaves are of a bright, glossy green
color, not unlike those of an orange in
size and shape, and the flowers are of
a pure white color, and produced in
small clusters. Individually they are
quite small, but emit a most pleasing
fragrance, so that each individual
bloom has more sweetness than the
most fragrant Lily. It begins to bloom
in the fall and continues to do so
throughout the winter, but under fa-
vorable circumstances it will continue
In blemI9 thr9gghout the entire year,
or as long as the plant continues in a
state of growth."
A correspondent of Success With
Flowers writes Yery iteroetlagly 9o
the ornamental varieties of Asparagus:
"The Asparagus plants are among
the finest of foliage plants, making a
very showy appearance in the window
and being much more rapid growers
than either Palms or Ferns. For cut-
ting purposes they are superior to all
others in at least one respect-they re-
main in perfect condition out of water
for hours and even days after being
broken from the plant. I know of no
other foliage plants which retain their
life or freshness for nearly so long a
t:me. If placed in water, cut sprays
keep green for two or three weeks.
This property alone of the Asparagus
would make it a favorite for personal
wearing and decorative purposes.
"For table decoration nothing can
be more suitable than the Asparagus
plumosus. It is so lacey and Fernlike,
and its dark green makes a beautiful
contract when lying upoh the snawy
"Each large frond or spray is formed
of symmetrically shaped leaflets or
subdivisions, which much increases its
value for cutting purposes, as the
sprays may be cut into a number of
smaller ones each as artistic and per-
fect as the large leaves.
"The different varieties of Fern are
generally conceded to be favorites for
use with cut flowers, their only fault
being that they wilt so easily. The
Asparagus plumosus has the appear-
ance of a most graceful and dainty
Fern and possesses an unprecedented
amount of 'keeping' qualities.
"The Plumosus has a tendency to-
ward vining, but does not do so well,
and as there is the Vining Asparagus,
it is better to break off the very long
shoots as they form, thus keeping
your plants Fernlike in appearance.
"lThe plants require an abundance
of water during their growing periods,
but very little when not sending out
"Repot at least once a year, and of-
tener if much growth has been made,
shifting to larger pots and adding some
well-rotted manure or very rich soil
each time. Give good drainage. Keep
the plant out of strong sunlight, as this
causes the foliage to become brown
and dry. Of course the Winter sun
will hardly injure it, but It must be
kept in the shade during summer. I
find the plant does nicely in winter at
an east or even a north window. It is
easily propagated by dividing the roots,
and some claim it is much better to di-
vide once a year, after your plant is
well established. The Vining Aspara-
gus will start from a slip, I know from
experience, and I see no reason why
this one should not do so, but have
never tried it, so cannot be sure of it.
The Asparagus sprengeri is different
from the other Aspararns plants in
appearance; the foliage is not nearly
s(. fine. It is suitable for hanging-
baskets and is very pretty and grace-
"If you have none of these compara-
tively new plants, try at least one of
the varieties. They require but little
attention, and will prove 'a thing of
beauty,' If not 'a joy forever.'"
The following from Success With
Flowers does not praise this plant more
than it deserves. Though it is grown
almost entirely as a pot plant in house
culture, yet it is entirely hardy in
Florida, and very much farther North.
We have heard that it is even hardy
in some parts of Pennsylvania, but
this seems very improbable, unless so
protected that the soil did not freeze
at all. With us, it requires shade
from the direct rays of the sun, and
will do well under a lath shelter, but
must not set in a wet place, being
quite sensitive to excess of moisture
about its roots:
"Farfugium grande, or as it is pop-
ularly known, the Leopard Plant, Is a
singular-looking evergreen perennial
greenhouse plant of the highest merit.
Its beautiful foliage, ease of culture
and freedom from insect and other
pests all add to its adaptability as a
plant for the decoration of the green-
house or window garden during the
winter months and the flower border
during the summer season, and make
it one of the most popular plants in
cultivation at the present day. Its
flowers are quite insignificant, and so
the flower spike should be removed
as soon as it is noticed, thus strength-
ening the plant. The leaves, which are
thickly clustered together, rise from
the base of the plant, and are large
round and leathery, borne on long
stems and are of a deep green color,
blotched or spotted with distinct gold-
en yellow spots, varying in size from
a pin's head to nearly an inch across,
and distributed with a striking irre-
gularity over the surface.
"It is a plant that can be easily cul-
tivated by any one, and requires a
compost composed of two-thirds turfy
loam, one-third well decayed manure
and a good sprinkling of bone dust.
Mix well and use the compost rough.
In potting use pots proportionate to
the size of the plants, and see that
they are properly drained. During the
winter the plants should be given a
temperature of from fifty-five to sixty
degrees, and as light a situation as pos-
sible, although it will do well in a win-
dow having a northern or western ex-
posure. Water should be freely given,
both overhead and at the roots, as
long as the plant continues in a state
of growth, but during the winter not
so much moisture will be required.
Propagation is effected by a careful
division of the older plants, and the
operation should be performed as soon
at the plants start into growth in the
spring, and nice specimens will soon
The following is from the Mayflower.
Please remember, however, that not
all the Datura seed offered in the cat-
alogues will produce perennial varie-
ties that can be wintered over. All
are ornamental, though rather course
and weet.y looking:'
"The package of Datura seed meant
nothing to me, so I planted the flat,
yellow discs in a circle in the annual
bad, Thgt Fas the 10th day of May. By
the last of June the plants were run-
ning me off the premises. I pulled up
all but three, and those filled the bed.
The leaves were immense, as were the
stalks, and buds formed everywhere.
tThey were great, puffy things, and
grew to be eight inches long before
they opened, which was tie first week
ir July. They were beautiful, white
and fragrant, opening in the evening
and upon cloudy days. The roots are
tubers, and can be kept over winter
with the Dahlias.
"The Stramonium, which grows
along the wayside, Delongs to the ba-
tura family, but its flowers are purple
and emit a disagreeable odor. Sweet
Nightingale Datura is the refined cous-
in of the coarse Stramonium. For a
showy plant in a vacant spot Datura
is excellent, but do not give it a ned
where you expect anything else to
bloom. It wants all the space to it-
A Box of Diamonds.
The following from the Mayflower
needs no comment:
"One day, very early in the spring,
I wanted to plant something; I didn't
care what. I simply felt that I must
plant something, because the sun was
shining and spring was coming, even
though my front fence was simply bu-
ried under the snow.
"I found in my seed box a packet of
Icnopsidium Acaule, or Diamond Flow-
er. Pronounce it? No thank you; it
i easier to grow it. This was new to
me, and I carefully planted it in a ci-
gar box, and in a very short time the
box was full of tiny green plants. I in-
tended to transplant them, but before
I knew it the wee things were all in
blossom, and such a pretty sight!
The box was like a tiny flower bed,
and the children were delighted with
it, for it was all in blossom while it
was still too early to think of planting
anything out of doors."
The Miami Telephone Company is
extending its line from Larken to Cut-
ler. They will have their new line
opened in about ten days.
]LcrUT]D IN ........
MnR La JLT DAIrefS s OF
ronr PITonlrls --
For cemetery and swn enclosunr
AU work guaranteed. Prices-reasonavae.
coro"pond with .! :: ::
C.EO. R. NICHOLS & 00.
605 Harrison Street.
WE STILL HAVE A FEW
Nice Satsuma oranges on Trifollats
stocks, entirely unhurt by cold. Als
peaches, plums, grapes, etc., including
the famous .ames Grape. A fev
thousand Trifolita seedlings yet no
sold. Prices low. Freight is paid
248THE FLRDAA ULRTIUT
STr~ ~ They towered up, broadened out, and
lAAIN Ir5 i TtIhT the limbs early reMhC a the ground,
Entered at the postoffice t DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.
B. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the beat in-
terTeO eof her p ople-
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skrilk Amy tme wet as b of @ rvig ;"
Jcksosiville, drop a a line to above address.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 18, 1900.
To most fully appreciate a bearing
grove is to have had and lost No one
knows the fascination. profits or ex-
pense of making and maintaining ex-
cept they have been there. If It was
fascinating to grow oranges when the
net returns were from 50 cents to $1
per box, how much more so must it
be when the returns are $2 to $3 per
box. Arcadia, therefore is a fascinat-
ing section just now for the old time
On our return from the Press Asso-
giatign noting at Vt. Myera. we had
the good fortune to be one of the num-
ber to stop over a day and visit Ar-
tadia, meet her people and see some
of the fine groves in that section. It
was also our good fortune to meet Mr.
C. C. Pierce, to whom we are indebted
for the day's ride.
After a short drive over the paved
streets of Arcadia we "took to the
woods," but we had not gone far be.
fore we came to a large grove belong-
ing to Mr. E. Smith. These trees
were in good condition and were carry-
ing a good crop of fruit. As more
young trees were being set out Mr.
Smith evidently is satisfied with his
The next grove we stopped at be-
Icnged to Mr. Jas. McBride, who set-
tled in that section twenty years ago.
The trees were set with good distance
between, so that they had an opportu-
nity to grow. This is very unusual in
old time groves, as they were nearly
ali set very close so that when grown
they are very much crowded. Mr.
McBride's trees were as fine specimens
of feeling trees as we have ever seen.
The bloom had fallen just long enough
so that the young oranges were vis-
ible. If 10 per cent of the young fruit
ripens it would break down the trees,
even 5 per cent. would be a heavy
We passed grove after grove that
was doing well, the owners having
awakened to the fact that their orange
trees were valuable and would pay for-
care and fertilizer given them. About
noon the home of Mr. Pierce was
reached. An agreeable surprise await-
ed us-a good country dinner, in which
strawberries, real cream, and other
dairy products played a part. Mrs.
Pierce knew the weak spot of editors
and gave a most delightful dinner. Mr.
Pierce's grove Is another specimen oft
beauty and fruitfulness and he has
reason to be proud of his prospects.
On a limb one foot in length, 127
embryo oranges wene counted, and
each embryo seemed to be healthy. Of
course even 95 per cent can drop and
then the trees yield from 10 to 20 boxes
to the tree. Mr. Pierce has not all of
his eggs in one basket. Besides or-
anges he is raising Improved stock.
and is trying to raise the standard of
range cattle. This latter branch of his
farming will be a very profitable one
If continued along lines that he has
We greatly appreciate Mr. Pearce's
kindness and also that of Mrs. Childs,
editor of the Arcadia Champion, who
accompanied the party. Our stay at
Arcadia was too short to see all of the
fine groves, but we saw enough to con-
vince us that there was good orange
land in that section and the trees full
of 1loom ani young fruit were ovidenou
that the cold had dealt lightly with
8tate Agricutural Society.
Editor Florida Agrtcuitrist:
Dear sir:-I beg to call your atten-
tion to the date and program for the
annual meeting of the Btate Agricul-
tural Society to be held In Jackson-
ville on May 3 and 4. Sessions of the
Society will be held in the Board of
Trade rooms, mutual arrangement of
hours to be made with the State Hor-
ticultural Society, whose meeting will
be held at the same place. The fol-
lowing program has been arranged,
subject to some possible changes:'
Capt. R. E. Rose-The Possibilities
or sugar Production in ironra.
Maj. G. P. Healy-The Farmer vs.
the Orange Grower.
Dr. D. E. Salmon, Chief Bureau of
Animal Industry, U. S. D. A., Wash-
ington, D. C.-Some Florida Cattle
Diseases, Particularly the So-called
Dr. H. E. Stockbridge-Principles of
. Col. Henry Curtis-The New Method
of Tobacco Growing Under Cover.
Mr. C. M. Griffing-Poultry Growing
a" a Business.
Prof. B. F. Moody-The Florida Far-
mer and Protection.
Capt. W. I. Vason-Practical Dairy-
Membership fees to the Society are
50 cents annually, payable to the see-
retary previous to the meeting and his
certificate is expected to entitle the
holder to an exceptionally low round
trip railroad rate. In addition to the
carrying out of the *above program,
the annual election of officers will be
held and considerable business believed
to be of much Importance to the agri-
cultural interests of our State will be
'Believe me, Most truly yours,
H. E. Stockbridge,
The Miami Metropolis in a recent is-
sue, prints a column or two on the
"Tomato Crop at Cutler." The season
this year was by no means a good one,
and the crop it is aid, only about one-
third. Notiwthstanding this, from fig-
ures given by the Metropolis, it would
seem that tomato culture is not half
had after all. We extract the following
t91su the art;vi in question:
Wheeling out to the tomato farms
on the prairies, we stopped first to ex-
amine the Richmond garden, where we
round a nne lot of onions, cabbage,
beets, etc., all of which were large and
handsome as any we have seen grown
in the State. Mr. Henry Brogdon,
another sturdy Gordon county, Geor-
gia, man, has charge of these gardens
and has demonstrated that there are
many crops which can be made suc-
cesses besides tomatoes. Nearby the
Twedell brothers and Mr. Malone, also
Gordon county boys, have a fine hold
of cucumbers, and melons which are
Riding on we reached Mr. Stulp-
nagle's crop where a large force of
men were busy gathering and packing
tomatoes. We were shown one acre
here from which more than 400 crates
had been gathered and the vines are
abundantly laden yet. They expected
to have gathered 700 crates from this
patch, which, however, Is an excep-
tional one. Further down we found
the famous Peters crops, which are di-
vided up about an follows T. J,
Peters, 70 acres; S. J. Peters, 40 acres;
W. I. Peters, 45 acres; Peters &
Douthit, 50 acres; Douthit & Conrad,
15 acres; J. S. Peters, 17 acres. The
last named crop has been planted since
the cold and was receiving the final
application of fertilizer when we saw
It. The plants were thrifty and vigor-
ous, just beginning to bloom, and our
prediction that this will be the most
profitable crop of the entire lot as it
should come in just after everything
else in this section has been marketed.
Thos. J. Peters has already gathered
and shipped 7,000 crates from his 70
acres, and while some had sold for
fancy prices and some were selling on
this day at $2 cash on the dock, he
plaea hie o ntisp output at 1 -30 not
per crate, although none had been so
low. He will ship at least 3,000 crates
more, making a total of 10,000 crates,
which at $1.50 would amount to $15,-
000, with a total expense of fertilizers,
cultivation and gathering of less than
(3,0W0, It 1 too early yet to form a
correct opinion as to the net results of
rill these crops, but all of the growers
interviewed feel sure of 100 crates or
iore per acre, although they may get
much more as the weather is now ex-
ceedingly favorable and the plants are
blooming and forming fruit freely yet,
But basing the entire yield upon what
is in sight, namely 100 crates per acre
from 240 acres, the entire Peters crop,
and we have 24,000 crates, equal to
$30,000 net or $150 per acrv, which, at
lowest calculations, will leave a profit
of $100 per acre aft'.r deducting all
costs of fertilizers anl labor.
No wonder that all of them are in-
tending to stay there and plant another
crop net year, notwithstanding the
'orable conditions the growers believe
They wouUld ave maneo orates per
acre-but if they had perhaps their net
cash returns would not have been so
very much greater than they are as it
State Horticultural society.
Jacksonville, Florida, April 10, 1900.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
The secretary feels impelled to ap-
peal once more to that generosity and
public spirit which has not failed to
respond to the call of a worthy cause.
Renewals of membership are not
coming in as they should. Can you
not, in addition to your own renewal,
stcure one new member? Please take
a few hours to make a personal can-
The State Horticultural Society is
now the one great representative of
Florida growers, recognized as such
by the Government and by kindred
societies all over the Union. Let us
not permit it to fall to the ground.
We shall have a full and rich pro-
gram to send you shortly.
8. Powers, Sec.
New FuUller' arth Discovery.
*The most striKing feature of Flor-
ida's industrial development during
the last decade has been the discov-
ery that the State is very rich in
mineral resources of considerable va-
riety. In this connection there has
just been brought to light near the
Ocklockonee river, fourteen miles west
of this city, what is believed by ex-
perts to be one of the most wonderful
pure veins of Fuller's Earth ever dis-
covered. This newly found deposit is
so pure that it is said to bear one hun-
dred per cent. "Virtue." It ii free of
foreign matter, such as rock, flint,
sand, etc., and for this reason it is
FPore valuable and more profitable to
handle than any other Fuller's Earth
deposit ever discovered in America.
Some ten or twelve miles west of
the new deposit there are being oper-
ated two Fuller's Earth mines, one
known as the Ward mine, and the
other owned by the Standard Oil Co.,
The deposits comprising these two old-
er mines, however, are not so pure and
are less economically operated than
will be possible with the new discov-
ery, because in them the deposits are
in pockets, and mixed with rock, grav-
el and other foreign matter. Hitherto,
the Standard Oil and Ward mines have
Populantoal ti supply and tol piloo of
Fuller's Earth in this country, and
enormous profits are said to have been
realized from them. Until now they
have been regarded as the only Ful-
ler's Earth deposits in America of any
considerable degree of purity, but it is
said to bi beyond question that the
newly discovered deposit near Talla-
1-:ssee, is, owing to remarkable
purity and compactness, far superior
to either Stardard Oil or the Ward
mines. It is estimated that the Ful-
ler's Earth found in this new vein can
be put on the market ready for com-
mercial -use at one-third the cost pos-
sible for any other mine.
Mr. A. Rosedale, of this city, who
is an old mining expect, and who,
with Mr. Alkg, Jacobs and Hon.
John A. Pearce, also of Tallahassee,
has secured possession of the new de-
posit, has been at work on the new
vein for the last four weeks. He has
sunk four 22 foot shafts, all curbed,
and reports that each shaft shows a
tact that this year's crop is only one- splendid deposit of a uniform thickness
third what was- expected as under fav- of nine feet.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. se
-rom tie examination tihut lar about ten mli- nouuithrci t f thiii 0II,''
made, it has been ascertained with says he had new Irish potatoes for
c-riainty that the seam, which main- dinner last Sunday. They were frc:n
tains a uniform nine foot thickness, is i his patch and from his own raisiu:;,
at least 150 feet wide and 260 feet
long. The experts who have been
making the examinations assert that
the entire deposit contains certainly
P.21 lf tbfIB 2S _and a half million
tons, and they describe the bed as
* wonderful" and "unusually valua-
able," because they find every spade
full taken out is pure.
T his Fuller's Earth deposit is found
eight feet below the surface. It is lo-
cated half a mile from water transpor-
tation and four miles from two rail-
roads. The Standard Oil and Ward
mines have for several years supplied
the greater portion of the Fuller's
Earth uncd in this t neyr and it is
believed that the development of the
new discovery will make Florida one
of the most important sources of the
world's supply of Fuller's Earth.
Some of the more important uses to
which this material is now put, with
excellent results, are the following:
1. In making babies powders of
great healing properties for the skin.
2. In refining all kinds of crude
3. For distilling whiskies and brew-
4. In the manufacture of all kinds
5 Packing houses use it for refin-
ing lards, oleomargarines, butterines
iind cottolenes. These commodities
cannot be made without the use of
(i As a foundation for manufactur-
ing all kinds of laundry and toilet
7. A new use recently discovered for
Fuller's Earth is that wool manufac-
tlurn-i wallWh wool with it, na it is I
great absorbent of all oils and refuse
mna:ter found in raw wool.-Tallahas-
COPS AND PRODUCTS.
Fine Oranges.-The Tribune enjoyed
a pleasant visit yesterday from Mr. P.
J. Bayly, one of the largest and most
progressive orange growers in Florida.
who resides at Largo, where his exten-
sive orange groves are situated. This
gentleman enjoys the enviable reputa-
tion of having shipped out of Florida
soite of the handsomest fruit that was
ever plucked from the trees of a grove.
Lnst year he shipped some extra fine
fl it to England, that gave him an ad.
vertisement in the old country that will
be worth thousands of dollars to him
annually. Every year a nice selection
is made from his grove for the White
House in Washington, and the digni-
taries from all parts of the country
feast on the golden product of his
grove. The reputation that Largo
ha:I attained on account of. the excel-
lent fru:t grown by Mr. Bayly easi.v
places it in the front rank of the or-
ange belt, as a fancy fruit producing
Hlg Money in Strawberries.-Yester-
day Gordon Keller cashed cheeks ag-
gregating nearly $800 for Plant City
strawberry growers. This has been
the most prosperous season in the his-
tory of farming in that section. One
man and his two boys have cleared
over $3,000 off three acres.-Tamnpa
New Irish Potatoes.-County Com-
missioner L. A. Roberts, who resides
too. If anyone ill Leon or Milddl Flor-
Sida, had new potatoes earlier than that
day-April 8th-Mr. Roberts would
l!ke to lhear from thell.-Tlallahlssee-
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
FOR SALE-Selected seed velvet beans at $1
p-r single bushel. Reduction on larger
amounts on cars at Candler- W. H. De-
LONG, Candler. Fla.
TAM 4ICA SORREL plants, by mail postpaid
for 25c per dozen. Good sized plants ready
now. W S. PRESTON, Auburndale. Flor-
300 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make
your choice. White and Brown icglh-a.,
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff
of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cata-
logue and price list free.
5tf. E. W. Amsden, Ormond. Fla.
VILLA L "V 'UPS ,R"IS.
Fruitland Park, Lake Co., Fla.
Offers for July planting 25 varieties of 2 and
3 vear citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address, C. W. FOX, Prop.
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
Grapefruit Trees 4,500 budded. Box 271,
Orlando, Fla_. 49tf
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or money
refunded. W. ITT. Mann. Manville, Fla.
PEKIN DUCKS, Black Langshans. Indian
Games. Barred. Buff and White I'lymouth
Rocks. Eggs in season. Mlrs. W, II. MANN,
Mannville, Fla. 4x10
EGGS FOR HATCHING--ilver Laced Wv-
anlottes. Brown Leshorns. 15 for s'.00.'30
for S1.75. to for $2.00. W. P. WOODWCRTH.
Diston City. Fla 4tf
SEA SHELLS-Reautiful Shells from the
Gulf coast. A sample lot of 12. all different,
for 25c. postpaid. W. P. WOODWORTIH.
Disston City. Fla. 4tf
FOR SALE-A few trios of Buff Plymouth
Rocks; also eggs from two vards. not re-
ated. Mrs. F. R. HASKINS, Maniville. Fla.
WE 14AVE complete iot Atmorjs1i
Manufacturers. Can buy for you at low-
ost prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
"ines. boilers, incubators, windmills, or
anything wanted. Correspondence solic-
American Trades Agency.
Jacksonville, Fla. 6tf
OUR VELVET BEAN HULLER is in
Arrangements are perfected for longg
your work promptly; our capa-,itv be-
ing twenty buhecls an hour. O-t vo-ur
beans in early and we will store th, m
for you free of charge. Our charge for
hulling is but 15c. a bushel for the beans
after they are hulled, 60 pounds to the
bushel.--. O. PAINTER & CO., DE-
LAND. FLA. 6tf.
"'ANTED--A quantity of Wild Lemon Seed
or young nursery stock. Please write the
price to A. L. Ingerson. Lemon City. Fli
THTE STID T. SCTIT CO.. Wholrin;,r or
Fruit and Produce; Commission trferchan-
T38 East Bay Street. Jacksonville, Fl.-.
POR SALE--00 cash. Eight acres o'
high pine land near DeLand JunIinn:
-cres cleared. th-pe acres of which ar,,
'm grove. the balance of the trit- is ir
"imber. Small house and a well 'qn h,
'lace. .tAlress. . M. H., Care A.rioul-
turist. DeT.and TNla -v
WANTEDI)-' gol'd man withsirrll 'amilv to
work on fruit farm, either for share or on
A. M. RICI ey
Tarpon Sorings. Fin. 11-17
'HIE T' S LIVI: STO"K IE M FlY ]t~ I r(
ed nmst efficient in preventing ard cnlril!-
'log and rhichen Cholera and kindred r1.-
eases. It is a;io a fine condition powdir
'ales are icreasing. If Your dea'cr drn't
keen it we will mai: it o vron on receipt of
price. 25c rer V4, il. Lillrnal discount to deal-
ers. ISAAC MORGAN. 'gent, Kissimm, e.
"',rf ^121 th
Splendid stock of
fruit trees a n d
nlnfs hoth t..-.;
a i l and hardy; us-
Sful plants. as.Cam-
phor. Coffee. Sisal.
10 etc.; ornamenta.
for house or lawn.
as Palms, Barn-
booiz. Gragoc,. Con-
ifers. Flowr n g
shrubs, vines creen-
ers -ini fact "Ev erything for house.
orchard, or lawn." Low prices. Ele-
gant catalogue for 1900, free.
SJR PROFIT AND PLEASURE
Fruit Tr$es, Sc:ds and Fancy Poultry.
HIGHEST Q(A LITY. LOWEST PRICES.
Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,
Satsuma Orange on Tifoliata Stock
All the Stnndard Vnrieties of Orange, Lemon : I Grape Fruits in
stock. Also a complete asso, tment of the best varieties of Peaches, Plums.
Japanu I'ervc :inens, Pears, Apples, M[ullwrrles, Figs, Pecans, Grapes, Or-
naniintal ti s. Roses, etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
The most extensive prolp:l~ting establishment in the Lower South.
I.argest 1itl most coimpite c:ultiuogue pubIsnel in the southl. listing
complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon applica-
THE G IFF.NG BROS. CO., ^.lL"" A.
City Office and Grounds. 1149 Main I t.
Farmers' Attention .
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
8PR YING OUTFITS.
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies
Poultry Netting 'I to Columbia Bicycles
CHA ITER OAK STOVES,
CARRARA PAINT, '1N PIP:', BOILEHS ANt PURPS
WI ITE FOR PRICES.
GEO. H. FEINALD, Sanford, Florida.
++-*++ 4+++*++4 + -<+ .....>. ..14 4 4444
FrHi1EG;gir PRH PAlD ON T'IKESLN.
Strictly high-cblss stock. Warranted true to name. Free from
all injurious Insects and fungus diseases. Extreme care In
300 VARIETIES. Oranges, Pomelos Kumquarts, Peaches. Pear,
Plums. Kaki, Nuts, Grapes. Figs, Mulberries. &c. Also Roe
17 YEARS established ('or respondence. Solicited. Catalogue Free. *
stimates furnished. No Agent.
S. L. Taber, Prop. G.LEN T. MARY NU8REBEIE *
G.leu st Mary, Flordia +
+++444 4 4444444-4444* 4 4444+ 44+ 4-+-+ 4444444+ -4 r .
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
/ ---- .|
S,_',, ---M --EW _
PART RAIL, PART SEA.
AST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
. FROM . .
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK.
BOSTON AND EAST.
SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAlH,. EORGIA.
Then' via ship, sailings Irom Savannah, Four Ships each week to New York 'nd Two
to Boston. All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write
for general inforniotion, sailing sclhdules, stateroom reservations, or call on
E. H. HINTON, Traffie JHgr., WALTER HAWKINB, Gea. Ags.,
Savannah, Ga. z22 W. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla
2W THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Address an eumunnuation to Housebol
Depertmeat, A rieuturi. Vuad, Fla.
A HELPPUL OBN0mR.
Help Each Other.
A great change has come to the wo-
men of this State since our source of
revenue has been cut off by the frees-
es, which have been coming so fre-
quently of late years, and the question
of economy is the important one at
How can we manage to live on the
smallest outlay, and yet live comfort-
ably is the question? We at once con-
clude that a course of training is neces-
sary, but how sliall we secure this?
Our plan would be to subscribe for a
good woman's paper. Read it careful-
ly and studiously, and put into prac-
tice the suggestions, hints, recipes, and
advice which they offer. We must not
think this line of our work will give
results without our part is played. We
must work strenuously and use our
brains-make our heads save our feet
and hands and purse. This part of
woman's work is equally important as
man's part, and the same expenditure
of self should be made. This must be
done if success is achieved at this try-
It has been said of our courageous
orange growers in Florida, by people
from other States, that these men are
undoubtedly the bravest set of men
ir the Union. They have lost all of
their means, and by no fault of their
own, and still fight bravely on and
ask for no outside aid as other States
have done under similar conditions.
Now let the women win the same high
compliment, by their skillful manag-
ing of the home duties which mean so
much in the ultimate success of every
man. This department of the Agricul-
turist is given to us for our exchange
of thought, and it is important that
we work together at this time. We
would be glad to hear from every
housekeeper in the State and will glad-
ly give space to any helpful hints you
have to offer. Tell us how you man-
age to keep things going on smaller
purses and thus assist those who are
striving, but do not know what to do,
nor how to do it. Some simple item to
you would mean very great help to
some other housekeeper. So let us
hear from you.
Tor the Baby.
Garments for the little ones are pret-
ty and dainty enough in these days to
eult the taste of tlh most fatltdious
mother. Little sacks of the softest
flannels and cashmeres are made with
sleeves large enough to accommodate
the plump little arms without crowd-
ing. White, cream color, pale blue,
and pink are the colors usually chosen,
and the sacks are finished with hems,
fcatherstitched with silk floss or with
buttonholed scallops. A beautiful lit-
tle sack seen recently was made of
cream colored flannel with a small
running vine design embroidered with
pale blue silk around edges collar and
cuffs. The little squares of flannel that
are used to protect the head from
draught are decorated in the same way.
Skirts used for every day wear usually
have no trimming, except a row of
featherstitching around the hem.
Those intended for Sunday are as
elaborately decorated as the time and
taste of the mother dictates.
These little garments are easy to
mn.ke, very durable, and wash nicely
if the proper care is taken of them.
Make a suds of warm water and good
soap and dissolve a little powdered
borax in it. Draw the articles back
and forth though the suds, lifting up
and down, and squeezing them in the
hands; any embroidery is apt to be in-
jured by rubbing, and very little rub-
bing Is necessary when borax is used.
The garment is cleansed by forcing
the water through it in the manner de-
scribed. Rinse In water of the same
temperature, hang in a shady place
where the breeze will blow through
them, and when nearly dry, press with
warm irons on the wrong side. Treat-
ed in this way the little garments will
retain their new look until they are
outgrown. E. J. C.
In Hounaoleaning rime.
The theory of cleaning and set-
tling one room a day is all very fine;
to have room and everything in it thor-
oughly cleaned and renovated when
one is through-even though It discom-
modes the occupants two or three days
-is any number of times better.
The small, stiff vegetable brushes
that cost only five or ten cents are in-
valuable for cleaning the mouldings,
corners and crevices of woodwork and
Use a small, stiff flat paint-brush for
cleaning corners of the window sash.
Be sparing of ammonia in washing
windows, as it injures the paint.
Hot sharp vinegar or a new half dol-
lar will remove paint spatters, and
turpentine will take off putty stains.
An excellent mixture for cleaning
glass is made by filling a bottle (with
glass stopple) half full of deodorized
benzine, and adding calcined magnesia
until it is as thick as cream. 'Apply
with a soft cloth, then polish.
Printers' ink is the best polisher yet
found for glass. Use a soft cloth for
wiping, and polish with newspaper.
Clean white woodwork with soft wa-
ter and whiting, or a little sapolio. For
hardwood, or any varnished finish, use
tea or a weak borax water, and finish
with kerosine or a mixture of one part
olive oil and two parts vinegar. In
either case, use the least oil possible,
and polish with a soft woolen cloth.
Freshen wall paper by rubbing It
briskly and thoroughly with cotton-
flannel or flannelette, changing often
for a fresh piece. If it still looks gri-
my, use the freshly cut side of a loaf
of stale bread (rubbing always in one
way either up and down or crosswise).
Grease spots can sometimes be remov-
ed by placing blotting paper over the
spot and holding a hot iron against
Brighten nickel bathroom fixtures
with whiting moistened with ammonia
and polish with chamois.
Clean copper faucets and the like
with diluted oxalic acid, then wash
well with soapsuds and polish; or else
Brass with lacquered finish must
never be scoured, merely washed with
hot pearline suds and immediately pol-
Rotten stone made into a paste with
kerosene is fine for cleaning other
brass. Wash off with hot suds and
polish at once.
If marble is only ordinarily soiled,
cover with a thin paste of common
baking soda, lay a damp cloth over,
and let it remain several hours, then
brush off and wash with hot suds. To
remove paint, pour chloroform over the
spots, cover with a damp cloth and let
it 'remain until it evaporates. Repeat
as many times as necessary.
Copperas is an unexcelled disinfect- T WO hundred bushels
ant for drain pipes. Clean with soda
oi potash, and flush them thoroughly. Of Potatoes remove
Put one pound of copperas in a quart eighty pounds of "actual" Pot-
of cold water, and when dissolved put One
a cupful in the pipe when done using ash from the soil. One thou
it for the night. sand pounds oa ferlizer con-
Freshen the colors of carpets and san of
rugs that have been thoroughly dust- training 8% "actual" Potash
ed by cleaning with tepid soft water
to which borax-In the proportion of will supply just the amount
one heaping teaspoonful to every gal- needed. If there is a de-
ion of water-has been added. Naptha
or chloroform will remove all grease ficiency of Potash, there ill be
spots and many stains. falling-offin the cro
Clean mattings with salt water. If a ing-
there are grease spots, cover with We have some valuable
French chalk, sprinkle henzine over, books telling about composi-
cover with a damp cloth, and let it lie j .
until the henaine evopratre, If th I tion, use and value of fertilizers
spot still shows, "try. try, again." various crops. e
Freshen upholstered furniture withor vaous T a7
chloroform or naphtha, after beating
and dusting as thoroughly as possible.
Do your most thorough cleaning and
renovating in the sleeping-rooms,
kitchen, pantry and cellar.
If the kitchen has old-style plaster
and no wainscoting, remove the old
plaster to a height of 30 inches above
the baseboard, and make a wainscot-
ing of plain or small-patterned linol-
eum, finishing the top with a narrow
wood molding.-Country Gentleman.
The Mending Baskets.
As soon as the clothes come from
the laundry they should be looked ov-
er carefully and such of them as need
't should be regulated by the "stitch in
time" or work basket.
By the work basket is not meant the
dainty little silk-lined affair used for
holding the spools of thread and the
light sewing materials, but a substan-
tial basket of large enough capacity to
hold all garments which may need
mending, or any piece of unfinished
work that may be on hand. Never
place an unmended garment back into
the drawer containing clothing ready
It Is true all kinds of cotton under-
wear may now be purchased very
cheaply, still it is sometimes necessary
to mend a garment and such mending
should be done in the neatest manner
For Instance the sleeves of night-
dresses and nightshirts sometimes
wear thin or tear at the elbows while
the lower portion may still be perfect-
ly good. In that case it is a better
plan to make new sleeves of some
light material than to try to darn or
patch the torn places. One can often
get doulile service out of a garment in
One of the most difficult tears to
darn neatly is the three-cornered one
and doubly so if the garment torn is
cotton goods. If the tear comes near
a seam. instead of putting a patch on
the under side, as so many do. try put-
ting it on the upper side. Cut the
patch square or rectangular shape and
baste it on so one side of the patch
will go in the seam. Turn in the edges
neatly when basting it on and be sure
and have the natch the same way of
the cloth as tl"- on which it is to be
laid. Stitch it all nornd very close to
the edge and cut out tho cloth under-
neath, leaving just enough seam to
In mending or in sewing new gar-
ments do not use too coarse thread.
Gauge the thread according to the
thread of the material. For sewing
on buttons or for gathering, a coarse
thread is needed, but for machine sew-
GERMAN KALI WORKS.
93 Nassau St., New York
STiE ONLY TOOLS YOU IEED.
* Wehaveon hand 2510 Iarape BRAND A
a mEWsTEIE OOR O INo .h MM
~orY or -V oricpd. d q i
5 No other tool than a hatchet or er
Si required to lay this raoem. We frnish
with ouch order sufficient t to cover, sa
Sails to a it. without additional cha
of general merandis bo.uh bu IS all
Shsrirs and Besivjar S ._
HI CHAcr NOUEWRECK IEnO .5
S'W. 3Sth & Iron St*., Chio010.*
Do KEEP BEES?
No imtter-my 64-pane Bee Book
Itwill irte-est and please you. I know it
wil. It's free. rite today-the honey sea-
son's coming J. H. Jenkins, Wetumpka,
nlg a medium and genovally a fine
thread is best, while for hand hemming
a still finer should be used. Two or
three papers of needles of all sizes
should be found in the mending bas-
ket, also scissors large and small and
sharp enough to cut easily.-Er.
OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowled-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varloocele
and stricture, without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
eases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nervous Disorders, Kid-
ney and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women.
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice is more than double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
e'ans, readily yield to his treatment
Write him to-day fully? about your
ease. He makes no charge for consul-
tation or advice, either at his office or
by mail. T. Newton Hathaway, M. D.
2. PBryan Street. Savannah, Ga.
"P-i. -,-,r =s the 'balo of victory?'"
"..'. h-io of victory? Well. it !s
"''-t 'inhbeomine smirk your motho-
o-nn when she has succeeded in
,vkina yon or me do something we
didn't want to do."-Indianapolis Jour-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 251
Addrew aBl eoka. u tiom to Poultry De-
parmeat, Box m. DeLmad Fa.
A Plea for the H n.
There are very few farmers who will
not admit the superior value of pure-
bred animals, and many are to be
found who will invest in them large
sums of money, but when it comes to
the fowls they think they cannot afford
to purchase pure-bred stock; though
it is a fact now well-known to many
of our shrewd, wide-awake farmers,
that a flock of thoroughbred poultry
will pay their cost very much sooner
than any other domestic animals.
It takes years to get profitable re-
sults from a lot of improved sheep or
a herd of pedigree cattle, but a flock
of pure-bred fowls can be secured at
the expense of only a few dollars; all
of which-and sometimes much more
-they will repay the first year and
the fowls, like the thoroughbred stock,
will be a source of pleasure as well as
It is decidedly to the advantage of
farmers who have nothing but mon-
grels on their farms to purchase a
supply of pure-breds. Birds of pure
strains or their eggs can be obtained
at very reasonable prices. Few
farmers who have grown pure-bred
fowls for a year or more are dissatis-
fled witt the results, or are willing
to again raise /common or mongrel
The farmer in any community who
makes a new departure in keeping
superior fowls can generally make
money by selling birds or eggs to the
neighbors, for the "hen fever" is con-
tagious, and his neighbors will follow
his example, and in most cases will
purchase breeding stock from him, and
thus the good work goes on.
At the present day, many of our
farmers are learning that it pays to
keep poultry in comfortable quarters
and to care for them in a careful, sys-
tematic manner; and that they are
most profitable when care for proper-
ly and will respond thereto more quick-
ly than other stock.
When we compare the methods of
keeping and feeding poultry of by-
gone days, to those of to-day, it is not
surprising that farmers were not con-
tent to have fowls on tfeir places at
all. While on the whole there is very
marked improvement, there are yet
those who prepare the very best of
quarters for their stock, but never so
much as give a thought to the com-
fort of their fowls. Every day, as
regularly as they eat their meals, they
feed their cattle and horses, and take
special pains to furnish them pure,
fresh water; they feed their sheep and
hogs just as carefully, yet if a poor,
half-starved chicken picks up a few
-scattered grains of corn, they make an
energetic attack upon it with stones
and clubs, and if they by accident
(?) kill it, they have the frugal house-
wife prepare it for the next meal; and
we venture "16 to 1" they will grumble
because it is poor and tough. They ac-
tually begrudged the poor chicken the
feed the other stock wastes unless they
are continually and regularly dropping
eggs with which to buy groceries and
tobacco. They go on carefully housing
and feeding the sheep and calves, stuff-
ing tbe. shoats, and currying fhe colts;
none of which produce a single cent
for their care except their worth when
full grown-which takes from one to
three years-while the chickens, if
provided with the same comforts, and
given the same care, will pay for SE SE
themselves many times over during ED S D *
the first year.
Indeed, there are'yet many places
where the fowls are allowed to run at
large, to create filth in the barns and
stables, to eat only what they have
the good fortune to find, and roost up-
on the vehicles, implements, limbs of
trees or wherever a lodgment can be
found. Despite all this criminal neg-
lect, there are very few farmers that
do not produce a fair amount of eggs
for famiTy use, and even many wel
filled baskets go to market when other
produce is sadly wanting. Think of
the results that might have been ob-
tained had proper care been given the
We are glad to note that the pro-
gressive spirit of the age has compelled
better treatment of all stock, and
though poultry usually comes in at the
end of the list, we note a very marked
and we trust a lasting improvement
along that line also.
Give your poultry comfortable quart-
ers of some sort, not necessarily elab-
orate or expensive; give them good,
wholesome food, in variety, with plen-
ty of pure, fresh water, and you will
find before you are a year older that
they will reciprocate your kindness.-
M. B. Templin in Southern Fancier.
Feeding on Clean Surfaces.
It is of little consequence how the
grain food is fed, provided the ground
is not too filthy, but fhe soft food
should always be fed on a board or in
a clean trough. Keeping food before
the hens all the time should not be
practiced. It is wasteful and makes
them too fat. Many bowel diseases
may be traced to filth eaten in the soft
food. It was once supposed that the
more dirt and filth eaten by the hens
the better, and acting under such be-
lief, the food is often thrown into the
filthiest places without regard to the
inclinations of the hens. As we stat-
ed, so far as whole grains are concern-
ed, it is not so injurious, though it
should be condemned .even in such
cases, but the soft food cannot be eat-
en without the adhering filth swal-
Icwed also. It is a very simple matter
to properly feed the fowls. A board
eight feet long and a foot wide is bet-
ter for use than anything else, as a
dozen hens can get across it without
crowding. The soft food should be
paced on the board, spreading it from
one end to the other. As soon as the
fowls have eaten the board should be
swept off with a broom and the sur-
plus food removed. Once a week it
should be washed. Fermented or de-
composed food, of any kind is unfit
for poultry and especially if fed on
filthy places. The hard grains should
also be fed on clean ground. It is not
best to feed such food on boards, as
the hens should be made to hunt for
each grain, but the yards should be
kept clean, and if the grains are
thrown in cut straw,-leaves, or litter
of any kind the loose material should
,e removed frequently and a fresh sup-
ply be scattered on the ground, in
which the hens should be made to
First Nursegirl-So you've got a new
First Nursegirl-Do you like it?
Second Nursegirl-Like it? Why, it
is right in front of a police station!-
Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gaines-
ville to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special inducements to pur-
chasers of Seed Oats, Seed Potatoes, Velvet Beans, etc.
ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE SEED
READY FOR DELIVERY.
Address all orders and inquiries to
P. F. WILSON, Jacksonville Florida.
MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
To mnt e clote connec-
tlois with st amers leave
Newv York Jacksow ie (Union de-
poti Thurbdays ? :20 a. m..
Phila- &F. u. a P. R .) or Ferua.-
dina 1:Z0p. ni.. via U m-
delphia & B berland atean.er; meals
e& ionult, or "'rl rail" via
SPlant Syblen at t;:4'p m..
3oston1 ar. Brulasvck l:;o p. m.,
aisel ge-b on arrival go-
From Brunswick direct to g ndirectly aboard team-
Ncw York. 9 e r.
PROPOSED RAILINGS for Jleb 1900.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK, GA., DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY AS FOLLOWS:
S. S. RIO GRANDE ............................ ..... Friday, March 9.
S. S. COLORA.DO.. ............................. ...Friday, March 10.
RIO GRANDE..... ... .................... .. ..Friday, March 23.
S. S. COLORADO ................ ............. ..Friday, March 30.
SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO BRUNSWICK, STEAMERS LEAVE PIER a
l. R., EVERY FRIDAY, 3:00 P. M.
For general information, steamers, trains, rates, etc., apply to
BASIL GILL, tay Street. Jacksonville, Fla.
H. H. Raymond. General Southern Agent, Brunswick. Ga.,
C. H. Mallory & Co.. general Agents. Pier 20E. R. and 3S Broadway, N. Y
Mr- -WEL MACHT r
~in the end thanaanyUmeUs
11 II i u, I-
THE COUNTRY IS FULL
of Farmers who B.I, "Page Fences are all right."
PAGE WOV FN IIli klKNCE CO., ADIAN, MICI .
Possd CoHy,. Cala.
yoaacma soreanon toqaba.W
5. 1 action Guan eed.
A D 2 09a. rt.. U5
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
"Old Ironddes" to "Olymsla."
By Wallasc Bruce.
I had thought of coming over, but, you see,
I'm growing old,
And am just a trife shaky with the cargo is
For a hn years of glory, closely stowed
is solid fright,
Since my bannr swept the ocea in that far-
See the stars m yonder cluster widening ou
with orbit true,-
How the year hav kept me busy tracing
new ones in the blue:
But the "tattered ensign" yonr ne'er ha
fade from freedom's sky,
While Columbia's children answer to the cal
to do or die.
So Olympia, take my greeting; On thy prove
let sunlight play,
As a nation hails thy coming homeward front
Lift your torch with pride, Manhatan, ope
wide your cheery door.-
Here's to Dewey and his here, hale an
hearty to the core!
List! I hear approaching footsteps. What, i
Captain heNi ?
He who d the Barbary pirates, swept the
coast of Tunis clear;
Close beside him at the bowsprit Hull, who
captured Guerriere .
In the cetur' purple dawning filling ty-
ranny with fear,
When Columbia thought she needed just a lit-
tle longer helve
For the b(attle-axe she wielded in the wai
of Eighteen Twelve.
Bainbridge too, a noble trio,--h, but those
were glorious days;-
Talk of hot revolving turrets when "Old Iron-
sides" was ablaze!
When the gunners took the open and her deck
was red with gore,
Had to do our own "revolving," and the guns
Wue, yo are a h ry grandchild with your
corset wroughi o0 sisI-
Mine, for old-time Constitution, oaken stays
from deck to keel;
Just a loving name, "Old Ironsides," but the
prophecy is clear
In today's teal-plated wanderers cap-a-pic in
Nihols thinks you're shooting cannon through
your funnels to the sky,
Says your muzles are a-smoking, wonders
why you aim so high.
Ay, 'tis curious what has happened since the
century was new,
But we always kept our schedule and arrived
when we were due.
Didn't get around so lively. Once hemmed
in by circling foe,
No breeze blowing, it was funny, took our
row-boats for a tow;
Britieh sauidron trailing after, following auit
to meet our lead,-
Sort of International Contest, glorious race,
but little speed;
Twenty hours of straining muscle, Yankee
grit and British brawn,
Four miles off the nearest vessel when the
breeze awoke the dawn,
Then on ings of spreading canvas clear the
course before us lay.-
Two days later single-handed took their leader
for our prey.
Garrulous, perhaps you'll call me, put me
down as an antique,
But to see you in your glory sends the color
to my check.
'Tirn't merely clothes. Olympia. fashion is a
They ae only oatdde trappings, but the stuff
is in the boy;-
Born there, read your Dewey's story. Perry's,
Farragut's the same;
Note the title-page of childhood, and you have
the hero's fame;
Cool, unswerving, just, ad fearless, rounding
all with sense complete,-
Epigam of Yankee humor: "Stop the battle,
let us eat."
Innocent suggestion surely that he.thought
he'd like a change
In the neighboring ship's position that it
might not get in range.
Wanted sea-room, and he got it,-diplomat
d older blent-
Shut & d a Wi. t aase", .eWnas iumps
what we meant.
My, it stirs "'Old Ironsides" pulses,--how
I wish that I could be
Just one moment 'mid the welcome and the
plaudits of the free.
I have been at lots of "doings," and perhaps
may yet come down,-
Nay! suppose you weigh your anchor and put
in to Boston town.
We will meet you at the threshold, and your
heart'will melt and thrill
At th, ied Old Homestead greeting. 'tis your
own New England still.
So, if I'm not there to greet you, come by
land or' come by sea;
To the freedom of our city and our hearts you
hold the key.
hold the key. -Harpers Weekly.
Barbara Martin sat in the honey-
suckle arbor, -knitting, It was only
unia o'took in the morning. Since the
Conqtejr--a she called ber-afmi,
she had had no resources against time
except knitting and missionary work,
and even her charity-loving heart
could not find the shadow of an excuse
for making poor-calls this morning.
Moreover, Barbara loved charity work
and hated knitting, and it was this
same hate that made her cling to it
Sassiduously. If she had UlIlY in
the Middle Ages, she would have pro-
vided herself with sackcloth and ashes.
It was June and the odors of honey-
suckles and roses were mingled with
those of ripening strawberries and pun-
gent garden'herbs. Pollen dusted bees
and iridescent ubtterflies flitted about
in the sunshine, and among the ten-
drils of the grapevine above her head
was the half-concealed nest of a spar-
row. Nothing was afraid of Barbara.
Even now one of the sparrows was
twittering not three feet away from
her clicking needles.
But Barbara was in a disturbed
frame of mind this morning and not
even conscious of her tiny friend's
presence. She could hear the Conquer-
or bustling about in the kitchen-her
kitchen now-rattling dishes, opening
and shutting doors, whistling to the
canary bird, and now and then indulg-
ing in a high pitched, breezy song.
The Conqueror was a splendid house-
keeper, but she was so energetic and
so strong-minded, and so capable. She
did all her housework, looked after the
"What do you mean, child?" )she
gasped, in a voice that she intended
to be calm. "How do you know?"
"Your brother was at the station
when he got off the train this morning,
and he Invited him here. I was in
your brother's office and saw him, and
he's just splendid, six feet high, and
more, and carries himself like a regu-
lar slider. Your brother told me to
hurry back and let you know he was
coming." She was silent for a few mo-
ntents, with a self-satisfied smile on
her pretty face, then burst out with,
"I'm going to set my cap for him. I'm
just sick and tired of this poky place,
and I always did want to go to China,
and foreign countries."
"Child! child"! remonstrated Barba-
ra; "he's more than twice your age."
"Only forty-five. I heard him tell
your brother so. That's just the right
age in a man. And there's nobody
poultry and flower garden, was presi- here can hold a candle to him. I don't
Sent of the missionary society, and
found plenty of time to visit and re-
ceive calls. Barbara admired her vast-
ly, but she could never quite under-
stand how one woman could accom-
plish so much. Every morning her
conscience made her offer to help with
the work, and every morning the Con-
queror said that slow help was a both-
And that is why Barbara's mornings
were spent in the arbor, or out making
For three and twenty years she had
been undisputed mistress, doing the
work in her quiet, prim, ladylike way,
qcrr dremiig that thA yeas would
bring any great change. She had been
housekeeper for her father until he
died, and afterwards for her brother.
He had just passed his fortieth birth-
day, and she her forty-third, when the
Barbara was not combative, but at
the end of a month she had gone to her
br other, and asked for her share of the
property, so that she might go and liir
by herself. He would not let her have
it. And furthermore, he had advanced
the unnecessary argument that she
was getting too old to live by herself.
She had winced a little at tais thrust,
but it was true, she told herself re-
morselessly; she was getting to be
quite an old woman. And yet her skin
was quite soft, and her cheeks had the
same delicate Shti& that "ad iLau ntue
a belle in the far-off days of her girl-
hood and there was not a single gray
intruder among all the glossy brown
hair that was coiled and massed upon
She was thinking of the future now,
trying to steei herself to do something
desperate; to go away; to seek employ-
ment-anything. If her brother would
not give up her share of the property,
she would surely be able to earn a
"Oh, here you are, Miss Barbara!
I've looked for you everywhere," and
Kate, the Conqueror's sister, bustled
into the arbor and plumped herself
down on ihe oeat. Kate wo eigit ,
and very vivacious, and very much In
love with herself.
"Oh, Miss Barbara! Have you heard
the news? The Reverend Percy
Thompson, missionary to China, is
coming to Bridgewater, and is going
to lecture to the missionary society
next week, and is coming here to stay.
What do you think of that? Going to
stay here with us a whole week."
Barbara rose quickly, and then sat
down and began to ply her needles
with desperate energy.
believe there are many real handsome
women in China, and, you know, Miss
Barbara, a clever girl can do almost
anything with a man in a week,"
"Maybe he's married, child."
"No, he isn't. He has a charming
house, I saw the photo. And he has a
man to cook and do his work. My sis-
ter says I must look sharp, for he's
awfully rich, even it he is a mission-
She was silent again for some min-
utes, tapping her foot complacently
against the rustic work of the arbor.
Then she looked at Barbara with sud-
"UH said be use9 to lvo hope when
he was a young man. Did you know
him, Miss Barbara?"
"He went to school with brother and
me," said Barbara, quietly. "He used
to live in that house across the street.
I believe he was considered a very nice
young man then."
"I should think so!" scornfully. "At
any rate, he's the finest man I ever
s.t. But iltrrr they come iioWI" and
she hurried away.
Barbara did not rise. But half an
hour later she was conscious that some
one had left the house, and was com-
ing directly toward the arbor. And
she rose calmly, and gave him her
"I am glad to see you, Percy," she
said, cordially. "It has been a long
ti ie si :cc yoil WePr 6 eN.
"Yes, a long time;" then Kate bust-
led into the arbor, and bore him off to
The next day Barbara saw very
little of him. Kate had him in charge
most of the time, making poor-calls,
wandering about the fields and garden.
chatting of the delights of traveling
and missionary work. But on the fifth
day Kate was obliged to go to her
dressmaker, to try on an elaborate
costume she was having made for the
missionary meeting. While she was
gone, the Reverend Percy Thompson
found his way across the lawn to the
arbor where Barbara sat knitting. She
xrrvted him uuletlj: and maWr raem
"I have not seen as much of you as
I hoped:" he began bravely, as he sat
"There's been so much going on," she
"Yes, I have been trying to get a
chance to peak with you alone, but
this is my first oDDortunity. Do you re-
member our last conversation-before
I left?" She did not answer, but her
needles began to click more rapidly.
"It was in this very arbor, you re-
Released From Pain.
ore Profr as to the s erner of D.
Wllrims' Pitm PUl ftr Pale Pe-
FIe, ehe Remedy That ls Working
Almost Mrmeseulos Guem.
Mrs. Mary A. Mason, who resides with
her husband, a veteran of the Mexican and
Civil wars, at No. 5 Northfield Street, Boo-
ton, Mm., is a firm believer in Dr. Wil-
liams' Pink Pills for Pale People, and she
never loae an opportunity to tell other
ufaferers what the medicine has done for her.
In a conversation on the subject Mrs.
"About five years ago I was a suffered
with rheumatism in my feet and ankles.
Not only was I confined to the house, but
there were time when I could not even
stand, and so had to lie on the couch all day.
S d"I employed
the City hospital
for a month, but
I obtained no
arm either. I
then tried a
number of d-
cines. One or
Stwo of them
helped at the
/ start, and then I
Cbuld no Stand grew worse. I
was utterly discouraged. Oneday I read a
testimonial praiein Dr.Williams' Pink Pills
br Pale People, an determined to mate on
more trial. I bought a box and before it
was half gone I noticed an improvement. I
continued taking them till nine boxes wre
ausd up by whlah tim I was entirely cured
and I have been as well as I am to-d&iy
ever since, the rheumatism never having
"A little later, that period which every
woman dreads and which often result
seriously--change of life-came on. I had
heard of the gool Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
for Pale People had done for other women
in this respect, so I took them faithfully
and I can honestly ay that they took me
through that serious period of my life in
Sgd hudtl asd I hayr *uffred with none
of the disorders Whioh 10 flneuI tlyueid
change of life. I cannot haf tell what Dr.
Willi.ims' Pink Pills for Pale People have
done for me. I keep a box in the hot as
I am getting on in years and sometimes o el
a little run down. When I do I find that
three or four doee put me right again."
MARY A. MAlso.
STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS
COUNTY OF SUFFOLK.
August 390 189.
There personally appeared before me
Mary A. Mason, and acknowledged the
above statement by her subscribed, to be
TBe. JliAis POWIMA,
Juahw of tha Pacs.
All the elements necessary to give new life
and richness to the blood and restore shat-
tered nerves are contained, in a condensed
form, in Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale
People. At druggists or direct from Dr.
Williams Medicine Co., Schenectady N.Y,
0O cents per box, or six boxes for IS.J.
member, twenty-five years ago. I
asked you to go away with me, and
Vou mIdt that jotur rather was gnuwing
old, and needed you, and that it would
not be right to leave him. Barbara
will you go back with me now? Your
father is dead, and your brother is pro-
vided for. No one needs you here."
The knitting work fell to the ground
unheeded, and a warm, rich color stole
into her face.
"But I am getting to be an old wo-
man now, and you are in the prime of
"Ah, indeed!" quizzically, "I am for-
ty-five and you are forty-three, just
the difference there was twenty-five
years ago. Will you go back with
But still her connemeies made her ds-
"Would not a younger woman make
"I want you, Barbara," the grave
voice growing earnest and tender. "I
wanted yoe twenty-five years ago. I
want you now. I shall always want
you. Will you go back with me?"
At tile supper table that evening the
Reverend Percy Thompson looked
across at his host.
"I believe I have not yet told you,
T14Vt LOPIflA AGRICULTURiST.
Richard, that Barbara is going back
with me, he said, composedly.
"No? You don't mean it?" and
Richard Martin looked from one to the
other in incredulous amazement. Then
he rose and heartily shook each of
them by the hand. 'I don't suppose it
will be of use to object," he said jo-
cosely. "Barbara is of age, and knows
her own mind. But really, Percy, I
congratulate you. She is a fine wom-
an. She le a ifne woman, if I do say
And from her side of the table Kate
looked across at Barbara and made a
grimace, and then went on calmly with
her meal.-Waverly Magazine.
Xtehes in Store
Leesburg proposes a factory to ex-
press the oil from velvet beans and to
utilize the waste as a fertilizer. Just
what the capacity of the bean is to be
made In this direction and manner is
not generally known, but it would
seem probable that it is valuable.
Whether so or not, there is no doubt
that the bean is good stuff for feed on
a farm and that It is what will make
more money In Florida than anything
else. We are assured that with beans
and cassava, both of which can be pro-
duced abundantly and cheaply, It is
feasible to raise beef and pork at no
greater cost than they are produced in
the great corn regions of the West. If
that is so there is no reason why the
farmer of Florida should not make
money. The main money crops of
those sections where money is made
in farming are the live stock. It may
be the same way in the State and
there is no other way.
The farmer who can make his living
and have a few head of cattle and
bogs to turn off as profit at the end of
each feeding season is always prosper-
ous, and there are mighty few farmers
who make any surplus money any oth-
er way.-Tampa Herald.
A Psan 00 Teoam Od.
For twenty-five years past California
and Florida have made fortunes in
fruit and nut culture. What they have
nono, othos can do In other Statoe.
In many Instances they planted groves
on lands costing but $5 to $10 per
acre, and when in full bearing were
offered and refused $1,000 per acre,
because their annual earnings were up-
wards of 10 per cent. upon that val-
nation. While it may take longer to
secure a bearing pecan grove with an-
nual income, than from growing
crops of grain, etc., yet results are far
greater, for when a pecan tree is large
enough to earn $5 to $10 annually,
the tree wil not occupy more land than
Is required to produce $1 worth of
wheat or other grain. Not only this,
but "once planted, always planted."
The pecan tree Increases its annual
bearing until the tree is thirty years
eld, continuing for hundreds of years.
Confirmation of this great age is told
by a grower In the southern part of
the State, who aya., "I know of one
pecan tree Six feet in diameter that to
my certain knowledge bore an average
of ten bushels of nuts for the last fif-
teen year of Its life, netting a hand-
some Income. The tree was wonder-
fully green until struck by lightning.
Upon cutting it down Its rings showed
it to be 600 years old. Here was a
tree which furnished nutritious nuts
and cooling shade for eighteen genera.
tions. What tree can furnish a better
record?-Texas Farm and Banch.
PEN AlD 8CIUSOB.
Miss Bessie Shirley of Salt Lake
City, is doubtless the only woman in
the world who owns and edits a mining
journal. She is but 19 years old; the
paper she established herself and
has made a success of it. She makes
weekly trips to all the neighboring
mining centers in search of news, and
is said to have a good deal of influence.
A neat feature in telephone work was
accomplished a short time ago at De-
troit, when a switchboard serving 6,-
000 subscribers was cut in two and
moved 15 feet without hindering the
service for an instant. For ten weeks
42 electricians and scores of other men
were preparing for the move, which
was made in 10 hours.
When Nineveh and Babylon were in
the splendor of their might, men in
China were predicting eclipses, mak-
ing catalogues and giving names of
the stars, but Nineveh and Babylon
were mere mounds of earth and rub-
bush when China was great, and to
this date the civilization and life of the
empire is the wonder of the world.
Boys in Nebraska, a ferretless coun-
try, carry wiht them when hunting a
coil of hose about an inch in diameter,
which they pay out down a rabbit hole
until the bottom is reached, meanwhile
drawing the mouth of a sack over the
hole. A cheerful shout down the hose
bring the rabbit out at his best pace,
plump into the sack. The hose evi-
dently does the business as quickly as
the ferret, with no vexatious delays.-
San Francisco Argonaut.
Geo. A. Macba:th of Pittsburg, the
greatest lamp cll:imey manufacturer
in the world is responsible for an ex-
posure of the lead trust in which he
shows that, thanks to the protection
tariff, this trust gets $4.70 a 100 lbs in
the American market for lead which
lls at the same time in Landon for
$3.60. Here is a clearly defined tax
of $1.10 for every pound of lead con-
sumed in the United States, and the
tax Is for the sole benefit of the lead
trust. It amounts to an average of
$5,000,000 a year.-The Public.
There is in Galloway, Scotland, an
ancient ruin known as Sweetheart ab-
bey. Within its ivy-covered, storm bat-
tered walls lies buried the affectionate
and devoted Devorgill, with the heart
of her husband, John Ballol, em-
balmed upon her breast. Lonely in
their lives, in death they are not divid-
ed. The crumbling masonry Is still
and must ever be a romance in its
symbols of death and decay, telling
every day, as it has for 600 years, the
thrilling story. of a woman's tender
love and devotion.-Ex.
An English paper tells of a Greek
judge who took it into his head to
learn to dance. He is an elderly man,
and in spite of all his efforts he only
succeeded in getting out of breath, so
nat last the dancing' master lost pa-
tience and told his pupil that he was
incapable of learning. The judge
therefore went to law and got the fol-
lowing verdict in his favor: "Seeing
that a man who has no physical de-
fects is not unfit to be taught to dance,
the professor is hereby condemned to
continue his lessons until his pupil is
proficient." The willing magistrate,
and the unwilling dancing master have
therefore set to work again.
New York is to have the biggest of-
fice building in the world, it is said.
It will not be remarkably high--only
20 stories-but it will cover a great
deal of ground and have more interior
space than any other structure on
the globe used for office purposes.
The site, at the southeast corner of
Broad street and Exchange place in
the very heart of the money district,
will cost $2,000,000, and it is believed
the building can be erected for $4,900,-
000 more. Six million dollars for a
block of brick and iron is a goodly
sum, but when the size of the block
and the value of the land on which it
will stand are considered It does not
appear to be too much. The new Alli-
ance Realty Company, of which Fred-
erick Southack is president, bought
the ground the other day and work on
the buildings will be commenced very
Two American women are in
charge of a mission school on the
Youkon river, 1,500 miles from the
mouth of that stream. They began a
year ago to experiment in gardening,
and the results of their efforts are
somewhat surprising. They began op-
erations on May 16, aided by the In-
mates of the mission, and although
they were without rain for two
months, their crops for the season In-
cluded 250 bushels of potatoes, 00
head of cabbage, eighty bushels of tur-
'"as and a few bushels of carrots.
These returns confirm the opinion of
Secretary Wllmon and his experts as
to the feasibility of agricultural opera-
tions in Alaska, and they foreshadow
conditions under which that territory
will be made to produce a liberal share
of its own foodstutrs.
'Glass houses are considered particu-
larly unsafe places in which to live,
but a German scientist has recently
constructed a glass house which he
recommends as the safest, as far as
immunity from bacteria is concerned;
or 1i otliihor wiuril5, ht Hi6 IFcitid &
bacillus-proof house. This house is
built entirely of glass, air being forced
through a pipe, then filtered through
cotton wool, and finally driven against
a sheet of plate glass coated with gly-
cerin. The microbes are supposed to
have perished by the time they reach
tlh glyce'in, but in case a few strag-
glers should ind their way into the
house itself, it is claimed that they
cannot live under the rays of the sun.
The person who wants terrapin,
wants it badly, and is willing to pay
for it, but the luxury promises to be
more expensive this season than ever.
According to a Philadelphia dealer,
prices average about as follows: Five
inches, $15 to $18 a dozen; six inches,
$36 to $45; seven Inches, $60 to $75.
These are expected to be the ruling
prices during the season. The law
provides that no terrapin shall be mar-
keted that measures less than five
inches in length on the under shell.
Th astnsh in rspidly Bfireanie drulptc-
ed, a fact which is proven by one Bal.
timore dealer, who formerly handled
$25,000 worth each season, but whose
tctal handling last year amounted to
A schooner load, consisting of 200
head of green turtle arrived at Key
West on Tuesday, weighing in the ag-
gregato 28,858 pounds, and was pup-
chased by T. R. Adams, who Immedi-
ately shipped them to New New.
Is it apples, peaches, pears, plums or
small fruits and berries? Why is it t
more proiaMue How can you make is
and agricultural chemicals do the work.
Make healthier, hardier, disease resist-
ing trees, plants and vines. Fully ex-
plained in free pamphlet, secured by
addressing John A; Myers 12-YJohn
St., New York. iterate for aue blfor-
tiliser dealers everywhere.
I9W at e fSe Lft ft of Bokie.
THE NEW SEED LAW.
Approved May 19, 18, makes it unlawful foe
any pruon to sli or vffr f(9 alr ra say o,
Melon or Vegetable Seed unless the ame are
in packages bearing on the outside in plaif
letters a guarantee certificate of when. where
and by whom the seed were grown.
Penalty not less than $6, nor more them
. B. Sutton, Seedsman, Ocala, Fla., sells
seed under his trade-mark, as above, bearing
the certificate required by law; besides all
seeds are tested and the certificate bears date
of test and percentage of germination. Send
to him for price list Wholesale and retail.
"THE HOCKEY NEST BOX."
Is Just the thing. It shows to a certainty
which hen lays and the egg she lays Also
pedigrees poultry. Nothing else like it.
Great money maker. Poultry raisers must
use it to be successful. Don't waste time and
money feeding dr,mnes, use this valu.,ble in_
ventioo; cull them out and keep your layers.
Agents wartted everywhere. Big profits (O
per cent.) Quickest seller out. S-nd Zc stamp
at once for illustrated descriptive booklet
giving full information. and secure terri-
tory. Address, J. P. HECK, Lock Box S.
$1.98 BUYS A S3.50-SUIT
amr ca3TIrr .*n LKv3iW]UIoI" macI.o
AeT 5 IIU, I Ut i M OT' TU.
ru assa nrs sa 'T
PiltIZE3 PANTS SUITS AT 11.98.
A NEW SIt MtE IN ANT IF TIEU NITS
S lII IMT IVE $ATISA6T111 WEAR.
A. IND ,OM NYtas this as
S to us, ste ae af oy and sa wbetBher
1 amr smll trn. en 13f*i7l rild r"a
o gut by isprs t, C0. . utijoe to ex-
sminatlon, a d exiasI it attyoor
express office and if found perfectly tt
factory and ,eqMli to I.dt sold fruteowA
5.5 Iay r ourexpreas agent a-r Spelrls
ee u r.ie j 1., and express chairva.
TU EI N E U IT are or bos to
15 yea"oa age a *ro rtl l e srrir at
S L Made with IOCL SAT iad 1 ,
let 1 syle as ihItratd, .da a
slhs "a11Mt, rsembillls el-wlo
s8a en Ceu~ee, neat, handsome pattern,
ane Italian lining, SgTh 6eIsdu. WIrH.tl.g, pasdlu ,
statlg d rejlfreds, .ask sad I1tI l g, ine tails -made
therbttma mit ay bk y t parent would be hroud wC
ros VrEK COIAT iAMF of Boys' (lotkh for sbas 4 to
1TlBAS, wriU fo SiCe Sbo S. 4F, contains fashion
plates, tape measure and fu ll instmcrttons how to order
Men' Suilt made to order from $5.00 up. sam.
s sent free on application. Address.
EARS, ROEBUCK & CO. (Inc.), Chicag, IIL
ra8s, oebuaek Co. ae ihamaghy renliale.--ilt..)
IP "1 A" Toil PA WITH
A Medicine Cheat In itself.
SIMPLE, SAFE AND QUICK CURE FOR
Cramps, Diarrhoea, Golds,
BEWA25 and 50 centM Bottles
BEWARE OF IMITATIONS.
BUY ONLY 5 HE OENUNE*
__ __ __ _:
254 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITR TEB TJObR.
CAUSE FOR THANKFULNESS.
"Just as I opened up the front door
this morning, the newsboy flung the
rolled up paper, and it hit me on the
"You must have been glad it wasn't
the Sunday edition."-Cleveland Plain
A MOVING HISTORY.
Eminent Actor-At one time I was a
Admirer-Yes; I noticed in your bi-
ography that early in life you began to
shift for yourself.-Baltimore Ameri-
DUTY AND HABIT.
Policeman-If I did me juty, I'd run
Protesting Citizen-Oh, don't go out
ot your way on my account.-Phila-
delphi Nortl. American.
HE WHO SPECULATES IS LOST.
Smith-I've been thinking seriously
of investing some money in stocks.
What would you advise me to do?
Jones-Have you any real estate?
Jones-Then I'd advise you to put it
in your wife'n name.-Chicago News.
Traveler-If New York society con-
sists of only 400 people, what do the
million or so of others do for pleasure
Mrs. Fourhundred-They read about
what we do.-New York Weekly.
A WARNING TO FRANCE.
"Frane hlas taken forcible posses-
sion of Kwang-Chau-Wan bay."
"This may be one of those cases
where she'll find she's trying to Chau
Wan more than she can swallow."-
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
THE REMORSELESS BOY.
Mr. Wise-What are you going to do
with that penny your teacher gave you,
Johnny-Go:ng to buy a comic valen-
t'ne and send it to him.-Baltimore
RATHER BE RICH YOUNG WID-
Tess-Old Mr. De Sembler is very in-
dulgent to his young wife isn't he?
.Tess-Y-e. and I know it Just wor-
ries May BesI.
Tess-Gracious! Why should it if
he spends all his money on her?
.Tess-Why she" afraid he won't
have any to leave her when he dies.-
JTagsby-I'm afraid my wife's eye-
sight is failing, doctor.
Doctor-I'm sorry to hear that. What
makes you think such is the case?
.Taggsby-Well, I went home last
night about 10 o'clock and she said.
"6ood gracnoun. JaggKby, thin can't be
you at this hour!"-Chicago News.
Ethel-Did Joe cose seriously ask
you to marry hilm?
Ethel-Whatever did you say?
May-I told him I despised practical
jokes.-Philadelphia North American.
A OUICK CHOICE.
"How did you like those two poems
I sent you?" asked Willie Wishington.
'There w a a long one and a short
00, msUO'lt tfign?" u3i5 Minx rCas
"Yes. Which did you prefer?"
"I haven't read hem yet. But I am
sure I shall like the short one."-Wash-
Y0u know all
about it. The
You go about
with a great
wei ht resting upon
ou. Tou can't throw
S this feeling. You
are a slave to your work.
Sleep fails, and you are
on the verge of nervous
What is to be done?
For fifty years it has
been lifting up the dis-
couraged, giving rest to
the overworked, and
bringing refreshing sleep
ta the depressed.
No other Sarsaparilla
approaches it. In age
and in cures, "Ayer's" is
"the leader of them all."
It was old before other
sarsaparillas were born.
$1.00 a btle. All din s .
Ayer's Pills aid the ac-
tion of Ayer's Sarsapa-
rilla. They cure bilious-
ness. 25 as a bes.
,* I have ned Amye's medleain ato
more than 40 years and have said
from the very start that you made
the bet mdsceines in the world. I
am sure your Sarsaparilla sacred my
life when I first toolk it 40 years sti.
I am now past 70 and am never
without your medicines."
P tR.a, aoms P. L.,
Jan. 24. 1899. Enon, Kaani
"nis the Beeter.
If you have any complaint whatever
and desire the b-st medical advice you
can possibly receive, write the doctor
feel You will receive a prompt re-
ply. withouteost. Address.
DR. J C. AVER. Lowell. Mass.
PA VING THE WAY.
Jack-Why do young iink this evening
would be the best time to speak to
Phyllis-Because, dear. I've arranged
with my dressmaker. mill!ncr and den-
fla to F~rifl tlierr Irillno I, :i. ii iflilir
evening's mall.-Philadelphlia Press.
GOT WHAT HE A. .ED FOR.
"So are you looking for a position?"
said the merchant to the youth with
the high color and noisy necktie.
"What can you do?"
"'Oll. any old thing," replied the
young man. "0 f course, I don't ex-
pect the junior partnership at the
start, but I want to be sure of an ear-
"Very well." replied the merchant,
"'Pil make you assibsanit janlior. You
will rise at four o'clock every morning
and sweep the floors."--Chicago Even-
A M6UNTEfi 1Bf 8W,
"I believe you only married me for
my money," he remarked bitterly.
"Well, you took good care to make
the money one of the leading items in
your proposal," she responded.-Phila-
delphia North American.
ANAIiYflIB ftP BMftTIff,
"Did you feel very keenly your bro-
ken engagement, Clementine?
"Yes, but I don't think my heart was
*involved. My grief resulted from the
THE GREAT THROUGH CAR LINE.
Norna bound. IN EFFECT FEB. 18, 1900. o ethboup.
head down. Read up.
i4u i s s :2 1 I I 37 1 21 i 36
....... illl.Uai .uplLv....... .... rt Tampa..........Ar 8.06p19.4I 7.a......
....... 7. l .50a 7.l pLv .. .. ampa Bay Hotel.. .... .... Arl 8.40 .11 7.30.......
....... 7.a.45a 11.59al 4pL........ Tampa .............Ar 7.30p 9.06p 7.1a .....
....... I . ...... I ;. pll. .... unta Gorda ........ ..A ... .Ar 11. p 11. p p.......
....... .30aI 5.30a1 6.40pLv........ .. Bartow......... ..Ar 8.3p 8.30p 7.00a .......
....... 9.1Ua 1.6p 9.20pL...... ..Lakeland....... .. .Ar 6.20p 7.50p 6.15a .......
.. .....- I i..pll ..O. .ZplV.... .. ..K. issimmi e.. .. .... r...... 0.1p 1.0 .....
... .i..I. 4 .4pll. pl.4a|Lv .. ... ....Orlando.... .. Ar ... ... 6.4p i22a .......a
..... ...... 2.61 1.23JLv.. .. .. .. Winter Park........ .... r .. 5.4p 4.10p l .......
I....... ....... 3.0 p12.I5alLv... ........ San ord..... .. ...Ar ....... .10p 2.3a .......
... ...... ....... 4.45pl 8.0 .. .. ..... .. eLand...... .. .. Lv .... ... 3.0 ................
....... .......3.2p ....... Lv.. .. ..... DeLand. ..... Ar.........4.45p 8.00a ......
10.iOa 4.40pl 5.56p 2.45alLv ..... ....aatk. ......... ArU.30fa 2.06p 1.0a 6.30p
I0.5al .MJtUp| 6.38p1 4.34alLv Green Cove Springs... .... ..ArllO.'a l.2p 12.16a 5.14p
ll.ual ..jpL b6.42p1 3.3.aLv.. ........Magnolia.. ..... .. Ar10.3a l.1p 12.a 6.p
12.10p 6.3pl 7p .3 .30aAr ... .. .....Jacks onvill...... .. Lvi L.40a 1.30p U.p 4.00p
.. .1 .. ............ Lv.... ...... ...P rt Tampa......... Ar 8.0p ....................
.... 7. .............I Lv .. Tampa Bay Hotel.............Ar 7.40p .............. .......
....... .45a ...............IL ... . . pam pa. .. ...... Ar 7.30p.....................
....... ....... L ......Punta orda ..... ..Ar l. p ........... ......
...... 5.3Ua ...............lv ......... ..artow.......... Ar 8.30p.................
9....... .Ua..... ....... .. .. Lakeland. ... .. .Ar 6.20p ..'..............0
....... 7a....... ... Lv... .. St. Petersburg.. ......Ar 9.30p ........ .........
1I1111l1 i,- ,, d r, ir : r r- l! -i- , ,, !, :: !! r ii .--. .. r rr
....... 11l. ...-- ....... Leehu.. ..........r .v ----.--::54 .... .......
7.0ai ....... L...... .. .......... Lv .. ..... cala.......... ...Ar i.05p .............. 9.260
9.00al 3.4p ........ I ....... Ar.. .. .. ..Gainesville.. .. .. .. ..Lv ..10p ......... 7.00p
7.Ual 2.lap ....... ....... L .. .. ..Gaine." vilit.. ........ Ar l. p ..... ... .... 8.45p
10.W l .4Up| -..p Z.45aaLv .......... Palatka......... ..Arlll.30a Z.06pI 1.06a 60p
L2.vup: c.v)pil 7.Jji .3UplAr...... ... Jacksonville........ Lvi 9.40a|12.30pll.20p 4.0p
....... i .ua ... ..... ... .. ... ..St. Petersburg ...... ..Arl.I p.......I...
.......| .45a ...... ... ....eair..... .. . ...Ar p ... ...... ............
.......1 .ia ....... I...... |Lv . ...... Ts. ..T a r .... . .. Arl 4.6pl ....... ..............
7.00a( 12.40p ....... I....... Lv.. .. .. Ocaia .......... ArT 2.5p............. 6.5
9.1l1U| J.W.p ....... .......Ar. .......Galni ville ........ Lv|l2.lp1.......... 7.00p
.iuiil 1.45p..............Lv...... G.. aino villi.......... .ArT 1.4up ....... ....... 8.45p
to. a 4.31.)o ... ........ILv.... .... P l- . . Arilll .al...--. .I..------- 6.30
I.lupl 0.3up ... ....lr .... .JacKsooville .... .. Lv |VA ..........I ..... I
i'lROM JACKSONVILLE TO Ji. SSUP. SAVANNAH AND CHARLESTON
i 11 I 26 t 34 I 3U I 32 1 38 36 1 14 i 78
Lv Jacksonville .............. I 5.U0al 7.0a| 8.00.UOal 8.LaUI.lOpl 1.36p 7.46pl 7.4pI 7.46p
Ar WVaycross.... ....,....... I i.5uai 9.3Uai 9.JUa| 1.50pt 3.30p i.30p|1 .4up11lU.p
Ar Jesup ...... ...... |I .lal.......10.51al0. 2.146p 4.22p 1 U..Upl .4upji1.4Up
Ar Savannah.......... ........ i0.31uai..... ..1I.pl12.15 p I6 .42p U...p.. I 1.1.l
Ar Charleston........ .. ............... ... .......I .. p ........ lO.. .......|....... I .itt
FROM CHARLESTON. SAVANNAH AND JESSUP TO JACKSONVILLE.
I L I 13 I 35 1 35 1 37 I 31 I 33 1 ,l i
Lv Chairl' .. ... ..... ........ill.5pl .......I....... 5.14a 6.30 ............................
Lv Savaii.i,..... ... ... ..... I .1 al....... l j i.2u 7. a .l;allo.4aI i. p p ....4
Lv Jessup.... ............ .. 5.10Oa 6.40al 7.35al10.00al.24a12.57p 4.54p 6.fp .....
Lv \\ a. u -s.- ... .. ........ 3.43al 5.3ual 6.3-Yal b..3all10.21a12.05p I i,.l.i.r i ) ,) .40p
A, Jacksonv ,ile.... ... ...... I 7.30al 8.30al 9.25all.50al 1l.Upl 2.35p, 7.40pll0.0upi.,i. ..
Jacksonv,,I-. Tn'iomasville and Mont- Waycross and Brunswick.
gumery. Eastbound. Wesdtboud
.NorthbUonul, Southbound 88 I i I 87. I
t I h-, I 23 27 9.50p 7.13ajLv. Waycross Arl 9.30i 8.1Op
7.45p 8.Ota001lvJacksonville Art 7.30al10.40p '1.3-0p10.15ajiAr Brunswick Lvl i.3aj 5.00p
10.16 S.ii4,Ar .Waccrono ,.LY 6.1Ul 6 iO Waycross and Albany-
2.lal12.12piAr Vaidosta 3.14a 6.45 Westbound Eastbound.
l.!5al 1. .UpAr Thomasvlle Lvi 2.0ai 5.30p -- -
9.ZUplAr. Montg'ery .Lvl 7.45pil11.2j 89 I 0 I
0.4ppl10U.laLv. Waycroaa .Ar 6.45a 7.40p
3.45aI 2.10p Ar Albany Lv l2.01a 3.46p
Connections made at Charleston with Atlantic Coast Line. At Savannah with
Southern Itailway, Central of Georgia Railway, Ocean Steamship Company and
Iourollante und Minuor Trantpiirtation company. At Janup with southeana Ital
way. At Montgomery with Louisville and Nashville Railroad and Mobile & Ohio
i.aulroad. .\t A.lhany with Cen-tral of Georgia railway.
A'I..'NT STEA.18SHIP LINE-Steamships Mascotte and Olivette.
Mon.. Thurs. and Sat..10.30p....Lv.. Port TampaAr..11.00a Tues., Thurs. and Bun
Tues., Fri. and Sun.... 3.tOp....Ar..Key West .... Lv.. 7.00p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
Tues., Fri. and Sun..... 9.00p....Lv..Key West.... Ar.. 6.00p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
\\ed.. Sat. and Mon.... 6.O0a.....Ar.. Havana...... Lv..12.30p Mon., Wed. and Bat.
information regarding schedules, through car arrangements, reservations, etc.,
may be st. ured upon application to
GEOhU;!.; i. PARKHILL, City Ticket Agent, 138 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville.
: w- iW-.- Poaenges. t'rL.ate snaWr, H- 9 Msyi'AMCHIl RIYIy ass AstE
savannn ii. Ga. JARm66aill6, fla.
v renchl caused by changing my mind."
1,el roiii lree Press.
Teacher-Well, Johnny, if you can't
spell "pilot" perhaps you can tell me
what it is?
Johnny-Why. I guess it's a lot
v.here they grow pleplant.-Philadel-
FREE LECTURES EVERY NIGH'.
"I soo thnt lMqx O'Roll has doliveredl
2.1(4 lectures in 16 years."
"Pooh, that's nothing! I've been
married 20 years."-Cleveland Plain
BORN TO LEAD.
"You remember young Carpley, who
used to have an ambition to be an
ictor, don't you?"
"Well, lie's playing a leading role
"You don't say so! By George, I
never thought he had it in him!"
"He's with an 'Uncle Tom' company
and leads the bloodhounds in the
street processions."-Chicago Times-
READY TO FILL THE VACANCY.
"Alister," said the boy with the soil-
ei face to the mild-eyed old gentleman
from the country whose shoes he was
polishing up, "have you got a little
chap at home about my size?"
-No," rItlliei ile cuaitmer.
"Don't you want one?"-Chicago
SAVING STREET CAR FARE.
"Eliza, it isn't very far down to the
Wiggses; let's walk."
Eliza (looking at him critically)--
Goodness, goodnell! Is thAt the iiii
who used to hire a carriage to take me
tt a party only across the street!-De-
troit Free Press
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, 255
The biggest sale since the early or-
ange and phosphate days was con-
summated in this city last Monday.
The sale was engineered principally by
Mr. Benjamin Boyd of Atlanta, Ga.,
and embraces fifteen hundred acres of
superior phosphate land belonging to
the Imperial Phosphate Company. The
Central Phosphate Company, repre-
sented by M. Paul Hiizel, was its pur-
chaser. The price paid was eighty-five
thousand dollars spot cash. The check
was given on the Commercial bank,
and perhaps was the biggest check ev-
c. passed through an Uoala bank.-
H. W. Long's report on good roads
in Marion county shows that during
the past two years twenty-two miles
have been built, at a cost of $15,000,
which includes surveying, clearing,
right of way, grading and macad-
amniting. The surveying, clearing and
right of way for twenty-five miles
more were included in the cost of
*15,000. The county has done this, and
ar the same time kept the other pub-
lic roads in as good condition as when
all the road fund has spent, and no
hard roads were built.
The splendid property in New Au-
gustine, known as San Sara Hdl and
owned by Baron de Bara, was sold
yesterday. The owners held a standing
offer of $3,200 for the property, and
failing to obtain an increase over that
amount at the auction,* the offer was
accepted. The purchasers are New
York parties, but as yet their names
have not been disclosed. A mortgage
of $2,700 on the property is held by the
lawyers, who represented the De
Baras during their arraignment. The
sum realized from the sale will net the
owners $500 after the mortgage is can-
celled.-St. Augustine Record.
A new champion has arisen among
the tarpon anglers when Mrs, Saund-
ers P. Jones placed to her credit her
third tarpon taken this season. Mrs.
Jones hooked the silver king at Nig-
gerhead, and played the fish as coolly
is a food medicine for the
bab that Is thin and not
we noulshed and for the
mother whose mik does
not nouish the baby.
It is eally good lor the
boy or rl who is thin and
pae and not well nourished
y their food also for the
anamic or consumptive
adult that losing flesh
and stren gh.
In fact for al conditions
of wast, it ia the food
medicine that will nourish
and build up the body and
give new i' and energy
when aD other means fail.
ShoU b taken / la sunmer s
wWl as winter.
c. and $.oo, all druggists.
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists, New York.
and scientifically as any of the old-
time experts with rod and reel. The
tarpon weighed 81 pounds, and meas-
ured 5 feet 7 inches in length. This
places Mrs. Jones in the lead of all
the tarpon fishers for the season, and
her record was not surpassed all last
season by a lady.-Ft. Myers Press.
A big cattle trade took place this
week, Mr. Jas. E. Hendry purchasing
the entire stock of cattle of Mr. Louis
Locklar and the estate of Irvin Lock-
lar, the price paid being $30,000. The
stock includes a large number of beef
bottle in condition for shipment to
market now.-Ft. Myers Press.
The Branch ostrich farm at West
I'alm Beach will be closed about the
middle'of April, and some time in May
the birds here will be taken North to
Saratoga Springs, where they will be
on exhibition during the summer. They
will be brought back next winter and
a year from the coming summer it is
planned to take them to the Pan-Am-
erican Exposition to be held at Buffa.o.
SDr. Walker, of the firm of Walker &
Johnson, turpentine distillers, of Racy
Point, spent yesterday in town on bus-
iness connected with the firm. Dr.
Walker said that turpentine was bring-
ing good prices now, but the flow had
been greatly retarded by the continued
cold, which offset the advantage in
price. He stated that on his farm he
had found turpentine boxes which had
been in operation during the English
occupation of Florida, showing that
the industry is not a new one in this
section.-St. Augustine Record.
Tom Hamimond, tli leuspectud mur-
derer of his grandmother, aunt and
uncle, and four negro lawbreakers,
succeeded in ni:!k n heir escape from
the Duval couu... ja i while the jailer
ani watchman \,,.i. a. supper. Poor-
ly constructed repairs on the building
several years ago made the escape pos-
On Monday last, a man stepped up
to Sheriff Anderson, of Orange county,
and wanted to know if he was the
sheriff. He told him he was, when the
man handed him a paper, saying he
had a commitment from Judge Jones.
The sheriff wanted to know where his
man was, and he replied he was the
party. The sheriff then took him up
to his county hotel and assigned him
quarters. The party was W. H. Cow-
an, of Sanford, who was committed for
contempt .of court. He had failed to
pay money for the maintenance of his
vife, which he had been ordered to do
by the court. He preferred to go to
Florida Fa t Coast Ry.
TIME TABLE NO. 9. IN EFFECT APRIL 1L 1900.
-OUTH BOUND (Read Down.) (Bead Up) NORTH BOUND.
a No.9 No.SN No. o.2
fDaly Daily STATIONS. Daily Daily
4w or ___ xaS
M 405p 931 Lv........ Jacksonville ........Ar 7) 1
515pl04IaAr ....... St. Augustine ....... Lv 620p 9 4
.1. 5 2p 10 50& L....... St. Auusti.n.... Ar 615lp 940
S 557p 11 24 ". ......... Hastings .........Lv 5401 905
% pa 61p 14Ar ... East Palatka........ 525p 848 p
i4jplJl 05 Ar.......... .Palatka........ Lv p a -8 -
S550plt aLv..........Palatka .... Ar 545p 1a
S735p .... Ar...... ..8SanMateo..........Lv ..... IMS I
S0 70p Lv..... SanMateo.........Ar 7385p ......
rj,4 E-4 -5 I1p 11 4s L..v....BEastPalatka.........A. 525p 845s -
S 74-p 1p ........... Ormond........... 402p 716
7i w ID ...... .. a at ..sI... ," oSiz 70 & a
6',p 13r p .. ....... rt ........" 341p 8 K I5
a S-p 145p ". ........New 8myrna........." 20 684a 0
Sl 200p ...........ak Hl........... SOop 5sse
S ..... 3 1p ...... E... C P in ......... 1
...... a19P ............ eCoca ........ .. 147p ......
r ...... .el...... ..aBo de......... 16p ......
..... 3 ......... .B Galea*....
4 ...... 4 lp .......... Melbourne.......... 103p ......
S ...... 4 ...........io P ien ......... ........ 1226 .... .
S. ....... 444p ......... Sebastian.........." 12 22p .
P4 0 ...... 5b Sp ".......... St. Lucie .......... 11 3a ...
I ... 54 ........ Fort Pierce...... 11 5 ......
Q ...... e "....... rbt ....... 11 Ot......
.. 60p ........... 6.. den ............ llsO ......
O .... 0 ". ............enen ...... 10 ......
0. .. p ............ Stuart ............ 104s ......
S65Op .. ........ HobeSond ........." 10o1 ......
.. 708P ........ West Jupiter ........ 1002 .... 0
B .... 7 "....... estPalm Beach........" 92 ......
S....... p" .......... Boynton........ 902 .. ..
s.. lip ........... Delry ..........." 85 ......
.... 859 ...... Fort Lauderdale...... 80 ...
...... 942 ....... LemonClty.......... 723 ......
rAQ 9 351 Ar...... iami.... ....Lv 7165......
unffett Parlor Uiars on Trains 53 and a.
isetween 1New mymra s matd j.e Betwee Titusville aad Samfrd.
No.) NT,1 TATONS. No.2.IN No.4 11 STATIONS. Neo
S-'.l ewmyrna..Ar IP 7aL........... Titville ....... ... Ar
S Lake elen..Lv1245 6p 7 ............ im..........
4. ..Orange City.. 1:35p 449p 828a .. ........Osteen................ "
4 ,lA! Ar.OiangeCy Jet. 1280 0p 8a ..........Enterprise....... 11
A.- ti...s Ietween New Smyrna and Orange 9 aAr..........Sanford..........." 110
Ciy Junc. ion daily except Sunday. Al trains between Titusville and Sanford
daily except Sunday.
etwen Jac lleThese Time Tables show the times at which
No.l7 No. STATIONS. No. o.18 trains and boats maybe expected to arrive and
- J.-.i daopaPt rim tle senivral Xatlons and port.,
545p a Lv Jacksonvile. Arr 9S 45p but their arrival or departure at the tme
715p lO ialAt .Pablo Beach.. Lv| 7aX1 4001p stated is not Ogaranteed, nor does the Cor-
All trains between Jacksonville and Pablo pany hold itself responsible for any delay or
Beach daily except Sunday. any consequences arising therefrom.
Florida East Coast Steamship Co.
Leave Miami Sundays and Wedneda ......................... .........................11:0 p. m.
Arrive cey West Mondtys lad Thtrd&ya ........ ........................... 6.Op. m.
Leave Key West Mondays and Thursdays ..................................... ... 8.00p m.
Arrive Havana Tuesdays and Fridays.......... ........................................... 5 80 am.
Leave Havana 'uesdays and Fridays......................................................1100 in.
Arrive Miami Wednesdays and Saturdays.............................. . . ......... 6.0 m.
MIAMI-KEY WEST LINE,
Leave Miami Mondays, Wednesday and Fridays ... ................................11:80 p. m.
Arrive Key West Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satrdays..................... ....... :00 p. m.
Leave Key West Tuesdays, Thrsd ndatrdys ................................ 80 p. m.
Arrive Miami Wednejlays, Fridays and Sundays......... ........................... o:0 a. mn.
. AMI-NASSAU LINE, .
Far sailing dates enquire of tle nearest Florida East Coast Railway ticket agent or write
to the general office.
For copy of lool time card call on Ticket Agents, or address
.. P. BECKWI' Traffi Manager. J. D. BAHNER, A. G. P. A.
8ntc. ONrE DOLLAR
Cuilit,o all 0 eout&& .sad to -wis *A.uv .811%v wh.Jkadyou ,ishW
lUPROVEK ACEK QuLELi PAki.R OUIMR, byjfrelbtC. 0 U.,ubst ite
elsaitleM. You can examine it at your nearest fright depot
and if you find it exactly as reprentted, equal to organs that
retail at *T5.00 to *100.00, thegreatest value youever saw and
far better than oregand advertised by others at more none. nay
jail to paying the money, and did not ~ ,l- 9.- ns, ,- dgha cs ',S3i
care to trouble the deputy sheriff to $31,75 1, UR SPEC AL 90 DAYS'PRICE "'-kal
bring him down. "d by oe.m Such A* oer was ever ade before. p
THE ACME QUEEN is one of theeMtlIJULAS D arsas
Ti l"*ra1ar* Tr-iWt ru I n r rox the niusItrtion shown, which
The McFarland Fruit Protection Co., ir esra r From the ioustormon sldhown, w
after a few weeks temporary shut obe utiulsis hndomel aeo drme a
sk, eating. finish, hriyorsedoaerete
down in order to install new machin- lt n.ts nches lfwide and w Seetsindsh
cry and make necessary repairs on the e sta s MssN ~e me
CsaplevOIr l t me sdVa es=l mmcV
be busy for the rest of the season. aonteo hohece ie n stmwtedwith U
plant. have begun work again with a Orsonam ;
Among thee of ha orders recently placed a VerWa c.ieiowso ab stru bb S er
with the company are those of Wash- ells stSa ns leathr.i..ans eaSBed
ington E. Connor, of New Smyrna; J. lever" ode s ipce Pte el .. l i
H. Wyeth and E. H. Brewer, of Winter ARANTIED Y RS2 5.ym w
Iark, and several parties in the vicin- e o sitten boiedi waiter smaity s wth B
snad Cond le andiVxations o bn" p fe lt ms
,ity of Zellwood, Orange county. A wemirltfrsee uS. Try it eaeathand -
rew feature in the line of manufacture ,leathr blhl ow esswe bf t ah u-etetr
is that of canvas hose for irrigating OR BELIAILITY IS ESTAUNED r
purposes. A large order for hose has withuak your nemhor aout Us-rlt-:--
,. theabU.' her of this impinperor _oetepolKtaNattoBal
Just been received from Oainesville, Bak or.-nE~ xo e Bnk. Clo; or German Excaang.
companyin ,c/hcsgo. We k,, seiln S$as..e.., oceup'
Fla., and the company a expect to do a sh- amptoC neriipeoiidw torowa iiuding. W
heavy business in this line.-Titusville s'rLll9 useiaOes terO ns ll.e Are so. r e
Star. *0A TS,"ROCar 9T@ (ka.). It s o lue
Star. 9SARROC nffuaw 4 09, (Mo.). Fafta 0"Psinea
..- --. ^- ---- ---~---
25 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
0I o'f F RICE OF Ti ei.
MANUFACTURERS OF FFCE OF TE DEALERS IN
Orange Tree, Cotton Seed Meal,
Grape, -i e.. IAnoodMea l,
Fruit, 7 > .:IA Tobacco Stems,
Garden, Blood and Bone,
Sun Onion, C s Nitrate of Soda, Potash,
Simon Pure Fertilizers. 3-_3 S)? (^ ^ Etc., Etc.-
T WlASCO TI(MS IS CA" LOTS. a. O0 PAINTER a CO., Proprietors. AOTICULTUL C.BXBCALS.
Sr..,.. .. JACKSONVILLE, - - FLORIDA.
Just 90 days from the time our factory and warehouses were burned we
moved into our new building, and are now in better shape to take care of our
trade than ever before. With a building made especially for our purposes and
up-to-date machinery for grinding and mixing we are prepared to do more and
better work than by the old, system.
We wish to heartily thank those cf'our customers who have favored us
S with their orders since the fire and by their patience have enabled us to hold
our business together so well under such trying circumstances.
If you are already a customer, our goods have recommended themselves.
If you are not a patron, why not? We are giving you the best values for your
money, we are located in the state and our interests are identical with yours.
We have our own orange groves and gardens where our fertilizers are practical-
ly tested so that we are better able to supply goods that are especially
adapted to the requirements of our soil and climate.
Write and tell us how much you want and what it is for and we will quote
you bottom prices. Yours truly,
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
We furnish any and all kinds of Fertilizing flaterials and Chemicals.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
NI4IIST H AN"F
--- "THE II
E A 1 BRANDS---
.s- H AV TH E-S HS F
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can gei a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices.
IDEAL FRUIT N1D V\INF ................. .so,x Iewi 1i" L IERTILIZER (for all crops).......... $27.00 per ton
I I \I. L ,OD. BONE AND POTASH.....$28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANR. .............. $3uo per to1 SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.00 per ton
.rDEAL VEGETAIIB. M.AN' ......... ...... 3.or, jer ton CORN FERTILIZER... ...................$20.00 per ton
All fertilizer material at th !',west market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTILIZER COMPANY,
J ACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Pig's Foot IBrand Bloor and Bone, -* 17.00 per ton. Damayaland Gunuo. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer. $44.00 per ton.