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Vol. XXVII, No. 15. Whole No. 1365.
DeLand, Ha., Wednesday, April II, 1900.
$2 per Annum, in Advance
When the question of pork is men-
tioned in Florila the first thing that
suggests itself la the slab-sided razor-
back, and the stranger wonders how it
Is possible to make baron or anything
else eatable from these animals. Re-
cent feeding experiments, however,
demonstrate that baon, and good ba-
con, too, can be made from the rasor-
back, and at a good preot when cas-
sava and velvet beans ace used as a
Mr. C. H. Jordan, the agricultural
editor of the Atlanta Journal, in a re-
cent issue of his paper, has an inter-
eating chapter on pork from a South-
ern standpoint, which we reproduce
This subject is one which will rank
ia importance eaqMy with any other
product en Southe farm s It may
not be generally regarded in the light
of a money product or a source from
which an Income may be annually de-
rived, but as a necessity, from a self-
ustaning stanmu int, mere can De no
question that our farms are incomplete
without the presence of squealing pigs.
The meat consumed oa Southern farms
is almost entirely composed of pork,
and it may be safely said that no day
of the year passes without finding it
served on our tables in one form or
another. We have not yet learned how
to prepare beef and other meats to
take the place of pork. Other meats
are eaten only while fresh, which ren-
der them expen&lve from an economic
tandpoint, ad if bought la the open
markets can only be furnished for the
cash. I do not know that any test has
ever been made to determine the diet-
ary effects of dierent meat for our
people who labor in the fields, but it
seems that eating pork while raising
cotton go together better than any
other combination yet undertaken.
The oatherers are the only people
S1 W the Wolwi Wie higist tutg tmir pEr
shall be dry cared. The people of the
North, Wet, and those of foreign
coUntrie pree r porpickled t bar-
rels. You will not find solid bacon
sides salted-down and shipped to any
market except such as is patronized
by the Southern man. No man who
labors in the field would undertake to
cultivate a crop unless assured of a tull
supplyy 9ft hi cberiabhed basca I am
aio ate in saying that no pork has
the same faver or the Bouthern tarm-
er as that whi* tI eared after the
aid-fashioned S athen. poMesa and
ume to equal that euwed on his prem-
ises. This is true not only with re-
gard. to meat, but to everything else
raised on our farms, including the lit-
tle children of our homes, whose pres-
ence makes a happy, and tends to
break the dally ononumy and solitude
of our Immediate surroundings. Be-
nlg satsfied and contented with that
which we produce and can call our
own, is a wise dlinaeation of Provi-
dence. It checks a spirit of envy and
clothes the heart of the prod posses-
sor with matieU cntaatment.
We buy anmelly such a tremendous
amount of We*Wn eared bacon that
before w e-itwr the be method
of raising hogs for market, it becomes
incumbent upon us to first undertake
prompt measures for increasing the
home supply, and afterwards study
plane for meeting demands of local
markets. Usually, the landlord who
lives on his farm and is actively en;
gaged in its operation is more than
likely to have pasturage and at least
a small herd of hogs. The tenant
classes who oftentimes have no pas-
turage, and who look alone to the cot-
ton field for subsistence, buy and util-
ize for themselves and families the
bulk of the Western bacon annually
shipped into the Southern States. Un-
fortunately, tenantry is increasing,
while land owners are correspondingly
diminishing. Northern loan companies
are forcing more land owners to the
wall In the cotton belt than any other
one thing. The continued indifference
*of our people with regard to the self-
sustaining feature of their farming op-
erations, is from one cause or another,
annually swelling the list of tenants.
The present system of the tenant pre-
vents accumulation, because he hard-
ly makes both ends meet with the sale
of his cotton crop; hence, he remains
a ronter, We hear of but few thrifty
tenants who are buying and paying
for little homes. If present white ten-
ants make no progress, and the list is
annually enlarged from present land
owners, with the bulk of the farm
lands put upon the block passing into
the hands of the Eastern capitalists,
it requires no prophet to tell us who
will eventually own our Southern
country. Statistics and facts show
this state of affairs, and unless, the
tenant begins to make his farm self-
austaiing by raising his annual sup-
plies, he must continue to be a tenant.
Unless the land owners become more
generally sustaining and stop borrow-
ing money from loan companies on
long time payments, in order to pay
up existing debts for supplies, they,
too, must inevitably become tenants,
with the title of a renter the only in-
heritance to leave their children.
To the tenant or land owner who has
no hogs on his farm, I would urge the
imperative necessity of buying at once
two or more pigs out of which to make
his meat supply for another year.
While a pasture is desirable from an
ecomonical standpoint, yet it is not
absolutely essential in raising a small
supply of pork for family use.
Build a good pen 8x10 feet, and put
in a raised floor, sheltering one-half of
the pen over with plank or boards.
and make a trough in which to empty
slops, water and other feed. This is
all that is needed in which to place a
couple of pigs now, and by proper care
be enabled to6 re 500 or 800 pounds
of first-class meat next fall, besides
saving enough lard for kitchen uses.
The best avenue for converting the
kitchen waste into money, is down the
growing pil's threat.
Set a tub or tarrel in some conveni-
ent place to receive all the sloppy and
greasy water from the kitchen. Mix
shorts, ground oats or peas with the
slops and feed the pigs twice a day.
Plant a patch of early amber cane to
take the place of shorts and oats when
it is high enough to cut Plant two or
three rows of Mangel Wurtsel beets to
cut and boll with slops through the
mummer. Pig will not make rapid
growth, especially in confnement, fed
on a daily diet of corn or corn meal.
We need a ration to develop flesh, mus-
cle and bone. Corn is too fattening
and will breed disease. Corn is bet
of all food after size has been at-
tained, and it is desired to fatten for
slaughter. Keep the pen cleaned out
occasionally and broadcast 'the drop-
pings on the garden. Scatter a little
lime or ashes about the pen at inter-
vals. Pigs will thrive and grow rap-
idly confined in close pens it carefully
attended to, and less apt to have any
kind of disease than those allowed to
roam in an old pasture with little or
There is but little or no fear from
cholera or swine plague if the prem-
ises where hogs are confined are clean
and occasionally disinfected by acat-
tering lime. Pasturage on flat lands
should be changed occasionally, par-
ticularly if the drainage Is not good.
Wherever possible, the hog pasture
should be built on sloping la d Isothat
the rains will keep the soil clean. The
best cure for hog cholera and swine
plague, both of which diseases are
quite similar and equally fatal, is to
guard against their presence or devel-
opment by introducing proper sanitary
measures around the premises or in the
pasture where the herd is confined.
The swine plague germ attacks the
lungs of the animal, and is taken in
with the air which the hog breathes.
Cholera attacks the intestines and
smaller blood vessels, and the germs
may be received into the system in
food, from the bed where the hogs con-
gregate to sleep at night, or from
drinking impure water. The germs
may be tranported vrm ftrm to farm
in a little piece of infected soil no
larger than a mustard seed. Farmers
who go on premises where hog chol-
era has broken out should be careful
to clean their shoes and brush their
clothing before going on the premises
of another farm where hogs are kept.
Any new hog bought as an addition
to the herd should be kept in a sep-
arate lot for at least 81 days, that his
system may be WKin wao te hfre at othe
disease germs before mixing with the
other hogs. The following mixture is
said to be the beat for stamping out
both diseases when either appears in
the herd, or if given to well hogs oc-
casionally it prevents disease and will
render an unthrifty looking bog sound
and well. It is the receipt Issued by
the United States Department of Agri-
culture, and in regarded the beat of all
formulas yet prepared for the pur-
Wood charcoal, 1 pound.
Sulphur, 1 pound.
Sodium chloride, a pounds.
Sodium bicarbonate, 8 pounds.
Sodium hyposulphite, 8 pounds.
Sodium sulphate, 1 pound.
Antimony sulphide, 1 pound.
These ingredients can be obtained
from any druggist, and should be
thoroughly pulverized and well mixed.
A dose is one tablespoonful to each
200-pound weight of hogs. As a pre-
vention this mixture should be fed
occasionally to the herd in their food,
and so fed that all the hogs wil get
some. Sick hogan should be drenched
by pulling open cheek and inserting
neck of bottle into jaw. Never turn
a hog on his back to drench him, as
he will suffocate in a few minutes.
With this remedy and good pasturage,
with proper care and attention, any
farmer can make a success raisin
hogs. Cholera and swine plague in-
filet tremendous losses annually on the
pork raisers of the country, running
up some years to the enormous figure
of twenty-five million dollars. Let ev-
ery farmer, from the owner of one-
horse plow upl to the largest planta-
tion, determine to raise at least pork
enough for home consumption, and at
least one-half of the troubles with
which we are now afflicted will I
Bow fNrot forms.
The people of Florida are not strang-
era to frost. Their acquaintance with
It has been too intimate to De at all
comfortable. However, the following
extract, from a bulletin, "Notes on
Frost," explaining the formation et
frost, will be read with interest:
The atmosphere of the earth always
contains more or less moisture in an
invisible form. When at a considerable
elevation above the earth this moi-
ture, or aqueous vapor, is eonldensee,
clouds are formed; when the process
of condensation Is more active and the
temperature of the air is above trees-
ing, rain falls; and when the tempera-
ture of the air is below freezing, now
is produced. When the moisture of
the air in immediate contact with the
earth is condensed at temperatures
above freezing, dew is formed; when
at temperatures below reeling, frost
is deposited. Frost is, therefore, the
moisture of the air condenaed at trees-
ing temperatures upon plants and
other objects near the surface of the
In the process of frost formation the
temperature of the air a few feet above
the earth is commonly several degrees
above freezing. The surfaces upon
which frost is deposited must, how-
ever, possess freezing temperatures.
The manner in which frost is deposit-
ad an plants and O6er 6OJicta la virf
similar to that observed when the air
moisture of a room is frozen and de-
poeited upon window sgla, the tem-
perature of which has been reduced to
freezing by the out-of-doors cold. In
the case of the frost on the window
glass the process is one that can read-
fly be understood. Some explanatioa,
however, is required of the formation
of frast, which reaulrea freeing tem-
perature, when at times a temperature
above freezing is registered a few feet
above the surfaces upon which froat
There are several pr eeases by wMhia
the temperature of plants may be re-
duced below the temperature of the air
which surrounds them. The most im-
portant of these processes is radiation,
by means of which heat escapes from
objects and passes into the surrouml-
In the frost-forming process heat
from the sun which is absorbed by the
earth and by plants during the day is
lost by radiation at night. During the
day the earth both absorbs and refleets
the heat received from the rays of the
sun, and the lower stratum of air is
warmed by this refeeted heat. Dur
ing the night when no direct heat i
i9 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
received from the son's rays the lower
air stratum receives no reflected heat,
and, at the same time, heat which has
been absorbed by the earth is radiat-
ed, or, nl other words, it rises through
the overlying'air, though not necessar-
ily and entirely as sensible heat; that
is, heat perceptible to the senses. In
the frost-forming process there is an-
other very im prtat factor in the pro-
acuon or col,; ntat is, uti evapora-
tion of moisture from the earth and
from plants. The nature and compo-
siatli of frost require that the air in
immediate contact with the surfaces
upon which frot forms Bhall contain
molstur. This is moisture that has
been stored in the earth in visible
form, L e., in the form of water, and
whhhas escaped from the earth, not
as zilble moisture, but by the process
of evaporation and In the form of aque-
ous vapor. Some part of the heat
stored by the earth during the day is,
thereore, lost In evaporating the mois-
tore contained in plants and in the
earth. The heat utilized in this pro-
eeN is retained in the air, not as sensi-
bleh but as latent heat. Heat is ren-
dered latent, in the same manner,
wha it it Ned to bed away water,
and t again becomes sensible or lb-
erated heat when the water vapor pro-
duced by boiling, which Is a rapid pro-
cess of evaporation is again con-
densed into water. it appears, there-
fae, that whle the taeperatue of aur
faces upon which frost forms, and of
the air in immediate contact with them
is lowered by the evaporation of mois-
ture from the surfaces, the influence
of the process does not extend to air a
few feet above the ground.
Another method by which plants
lose their heat is by convection, by
means of which they are chilled by
contact with colder air. This process
while important In the presence of
tree ang-alr temperatures, can scarce-
bl be considered a factor in the forma-
tio of frost proper, which is usually
*ccopln ')ed when temperature obser-
vations show the air to be above freez-
Another element in the formation of
frost is found in the fact that air. like
fluid, arranges itself according to its
density or weight Thus the air in im-
mediate contact with the earth te-
comes heavier as Its temperature is
lowered by the radiation of heat and
settles into depressions or valleys and
over lowlands, causing, at times, frost
in low-lying districts, while neighbor-
ing higher grounds escape the visita-
FfilUla6U far w9*t Potatooz.
The opinion is prevalent that nitro-
genous fertilizers stimulate the growth
of sweet potato vines at the expense
of the roots. A careful examination
of all the experiments on this crop
published by the experiment stations
leads to the conclusion that nitrogen
whes #pied in connection with phos-
phoric acid and potash increases the
crop of mots In most instances. From
results secured by the New Jersey and
fLMlaN a Experiment Stations, it ap.
pears that heavy applications of nitro-
geoes fertilizer under some condi-
tions injre the quality of the crop.
The sweet potato plant must have ni-
trvgom; it ha, howQwrqr a long grow-
in season exteding through all the
hot months, when nitrification is ac-
tive in soils killed with vegetable mat-
ter and hence It may thrive on such
sois, which contain a large amount of
nitrogen in a more or less inactive
form, without the direct application of
The sweet potato flourishes on a soil
rich in vegetables matter, and hence
rich in vegetable matter, and hence
very large quantities of composted pine
asiiesi, woods earth, etc. to the
sweet potato field. By plowing under
Ienuminas plants, a the lovers and
cowpeas, a large quantity of nitrogen,
obtained by the leguminous crop from
the atmosphere, can be economically
added to the soil. In an experiment in
Delaware crimson clover plowed under
In the spring very greatly increased
the yield of sweet potatoes.
In most of the experiments on ree-
erd phosphoric acid has given some in-
crease in the sweet potato crop, an in-
creae usually suffelent to render prof-
Ital the me of phosphoric acid in
i-*-bl with nitroen and potash.
Its employment alone on sweet pota-
toes is not generally advisable.
Potash appears to be the most im-
portant fertilizer for sweet potatoes.
In the great majority of experiments
it has been profitably employed, either
with nitrogen and phosphoric acid or
alone. In nearly all experiments a
complete fertilizer-that is, one con-
tainine nitrogen. Dhosohoric acid and
potasnUt4as largely increased tie ceop
and is the safest to use until experi-
ence has shown that one of these con-
stituents can 'be omitted without loss
in any given locality.
In deciding on the best form of ni-
trogen, phosphoric acid and potash
for sweet potatoes we have some help
from experiments, but the number of
such experiments is as yet too limited
to admit of definite conclusions on this
point. In New Jersey, in some soils
and seasons, nitrogen in the form of
nitrate of soda has given larger yields
than in the form of dried blood; in
other soils and seasons dried blood has
proved superior. In Georgia the ni-
trogen of nitrate of soda gave better
Immediate results than that of cotton
seed meal and stable manure. Nitrate
of s~4a is more soluble than the ether
nitrogenous fertilizers, hence acts more
quickly, and in a rainy season and on
"leachy" soil is more liable to be
washed out of the reach of plants. We
should expect best results when the
w66t pat6tt is supplied with nutri-
ents at all stages of its long season
of growth, as, for example, when ni-
trate of soda and dried blood or cotton
seed meal are applied together, the for-
mer to give the plant a good start and
one of the latter to became available
later in the plant's life. In practice
such a mixture has been found advan-
Phosphoric acid may be purchased,
not only In dissolved boneblack and
acid phosphate (superphosphate), but
in floats, slag and in other forms. Both
floats and slag contain a larger amount
of phosphoric acid than dissolved bone-
black and superphosphate, but in a
more insoluble form.
The best potash fertilizer for sweet
potatoes Is probably that in which a
pound or potash costs least. Near sea-
port cities this is ordinarily a low-
grade fertilizer, such as kainit; far-
ther inland the cost of transportation
may make the concentrated forms,
such as muriate and sulphate of pot-
ash, relatively cheaper.
Horse manure at the rate of 10 to 20
tons per acre is the chief reliance of
market gardeners near large cities for
manuring the sweet potato. The New
Jersey Hiiiitfieniit StAliof ha6 show
that commercial fertilizers may be
profitably substituted for a part or for
the whole of the stable manure when
the latter costs about $2 per ton at
the farmer's depot. The crops from
chemicals were equally as large as
from stable manure, and the quality,
as indicated by the appearance of the
skin, was better. The cost of chemi-
cal fertilizers was less than that of a
quantity of stable manure sufficient to
produce equally large crops. Stable
mafnlg has bag gon at advafntage gver
chemical fertilizers in that the effects
of the former are apparent for a great-
er number of years after application.
While it is often unwise to purchase
stable manure, it is always profitable
to use that produced on the farm. It
should be well rotted before use on a
sweet potato field.
The following formulas are among
those which have given good results
at some of the experiment stations:
Kind and amount of fertilizer per
1. 150 pounds of nitrate of soda, 350
pounds of superphosphate, 150 pounds
muriate of potash.
2. 280 pounds dried blood, 320 pounds
boneblack, 160 pounds muriate of pot-
3. 100 pounds nitrate of soda, 160
pounds boneblack, 80 pounds sulphate
of potash, 10 tons barnyard manure.
4. 360 pounds cotton seed meal, 320
pounds superphosphate, 640 pounds
These formulas probably supply larg-
er quantities of fertilizers than farm-
ers growing sweet potatoes for home
use alone and on soil already rich
would regard as advantageous. It is
believed that to soils poor in nitrogen,
phosphoric acid and potash these for-
mulas will supply the fertilizing in-
gredients in about the correct propor-
tions. To secure the best results it
may ofted be desirable for the planter
to purchase the materials separately
and mix them at home, varying, the
proportions of each ingredient to suit
the conditions existing on his own
farm.-United States Farmers' Bulle-
Florida Not o Bad Off.
Recent estimates of the cabbage
crop are probably too low. Your au-
thority puts the crop of the State at
less than 100 carloads. The last crop
officially stated was 162,829 barrels. A
good authority in this city estimates
a third or a crop U1th 8 01ean, whlch
would be 54,275 barrels. The crop was
damaged last fall by cut worms and in
the winter by the freeze, but the cab-
bage crop of Florida is elastic. When
there are poor prices a good deal is left
to rot and is not counted; good prices
bring out every cabbage head and a
"third of a crop" sl apt to turn oiut &
good deal more than a third of a "good
crop." I know that the cabbages at
Mandarin, twelve miles south of this
city, were hurt very little by the ftree
and they are giving us a fair quantity
here in Jacksonville. People should
not allow themselves to be deceived
about the Florida cabbage crop. In
any self-respecting settlement you can
go out any night and stumble over e
The tomato crop was mostly wiped
out Uy the freeze down as far as 200
or 225 miles south of Jacksonville. But
at the present time there are between
1,500 and 2,000 crates per day going
forward by express from the two
coasts, and about 300 crates per day
by freight from the East Coast. The
latter is furnishing over three-kourths
of the shipments. They are all small,
though fair, and prices are low. The
tomatoes from the Keys always are
small, on account of the rocky soil,
and on the mainland they are small on
account of the chilling the plants re-
ceived last winter. Jacksonville has
had plenty of tomatoes all winter.
The crop will be heavy on the East
Coast. For instance, one grower at
Little River has ordered 2,000 crates
(knock-down) at once; another at Cut-
ler eight tons of paper wraps, etc.
The old sterotyped assertion that the
Florida trucker is discouraged is stale
and ought to be laid away to rest.
Directly after the freeze in the middle
of February, the seed dealers in this
city woero bealsged with O rdS B f
new supplies of seed, and hundreds of
dollars' worth of orders were sent on
as far north as New York. Orders for
fertilizers received no check, but rath-
er a quickening if anything-that is,
in a few days, as soon as the growers
had had time to ascertain that they
were not injured much-and the or-
ders for fertilizers have continu-
ed to pour in without cessation ever
since; fertilizers for vegetables, ferti-
lizers for orange trees, and especially
fertilizers for pineapples.
One of the leading fertilizer dealers
here told me lately that his firm's or-
ders were much in excess of any pre-
vious year, and that they had difficulty
in keeping up with them, and the re-
port of the State Commissioner of Ag-
riculture show that the sales of com-
mercial fertilizer to the growers of
Florida are increasing steadily at the
rate of 2,000 to 3,000 tons per year.
Really, this wretched old stuff which
breaks out every winter about "Flor-
ida being wiped out by a new freeze,"
and the "unfortunate growers have the
sympathy of their friends in the
North," makes me very weary.
Take five or six carloads of fertilizer
per day going South from this city,
right after the freeze and right along
for weeks--and even now-and where
doea the moner come from to DaY for
it, if they have all gone to the "demni-
tion bow-wows" down there? Those
"poor frozen-out growers" are Ameri-
can citizens; they have as much sense
and grit as other Americans and they
know how to take care of themselves
in frosty weather.
At the present time there are about
220 Duslel crates of strawberries per
day going forward by express and
about one refrigerator car, or in all
about 425 crates per day, all from the
West Coast. Only a few quarts have
yet left from the stations north of
Gainesville the bulk of the crop so far
come from South Florida. This is
bringing to the growers Detween *s,-
000 and $4,000 a day net I judge the
acreage Is about as usual, 1,200 to 1,-
The crop of pineapples on the Iast
Coast alone, mainland and Keys to-
gether, will be, I estimate, not far from
200,000 standard crates. One dealer
ir crate material has supplied already
110,000 crates on the main land. The
crop of the Keys Is estimated at 85,-
000 to 40,000. Ae estimates the total
crop at 160,000 to 175,000. A dealer in
fertilizers, Judging largely from the
heavy orders given him by the pineap-
ple men, estimates the crop at a quar-
ter of a million crates. Probably the
truth will be found about half way be-
tween the two men. Hundreds of acres
have been shedded within a year, and
the fruit will be large and ine.
On the West Coast the pineries are
mostly young, but they are in excellent
condition. The output on that coast
may reach 20,000 crates.
The 96 acres of shedded pineries at
Orlando and suburbs, ought to ship
some thousands of crates of fine fruit
this summer.-S. Powers in Fruit
Buceseful Truck Farming.
I shall use the experience of this
section as a whole. I think truck
growing is and must be the small far-
uer's business. To be really success-
tul supervision must be close and of
an interested nature and this is one bu-
siness where ten acres is enough. Men
with small acreages, giving this close
attention from preparing the land to
putting the finished product on the car,
usually make some money every year.
and good money some years. But
when men attempt to truck fifty acres
or more, there have been losses, as a
rule, for quite a number of years.
First-They cannot prepare their
land before planting as they should.
Having so much to do they rush over
and have a poor seed-bed, when half,
or nearly half, of the cultivation for
any crop should be put on the land be-
fore it is planted.
some years ago, before the East
Coast and South Florida were trucking
so extensively, our section made good
money, and some of our large croppers
made money. For two or three years
just past, they have felt that their fail-
ures were caused by stress of weath-
er, but without this cold to injure the
crops -here would have been such im-
mense quantities grown that prices
would have been too low for a profit.
Taken in a small way, with close at-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST., W
tentlon, truck-growing wil pay. The
shining successes of the past two years
have been with a few acres tile-dran-
ed and irrigated. I have In mind Doc-
tor Porter, of Gainesville. With two
acres in cucumbers, he slipped nearly,
if not quite, 1,00 boxes per acre, and
only a small percentage sold below 43
Sper box. He was getting $850 per bas-
ket when other growers, without ir-
rigation, were not making expenses.
The reason for this was Doctor Porter
had extra fine cucumbers, and it was
so dry that the average grower had a
very poor profit. But the draining
and Irrigation cost some money.
The one great trouble is over-crop-
ping and not sufficient attention given
to the quality of the product. We have
lots of acres and ship thousands of
packages; the result is the cratemaker,
the railroad and the commission mer-
chant al come between the grower and
his profit, even after the crop has ma-
tured, to say nothing of growing ex-
There have been very few instances
where a fine product, nicely handled,
failed to make the grower money.
Ground well prepared before plant-
ing, well fertilized and cultivated, the
crop closely culled, (leaving the culls
at home), put up properly in neat pack-
ages, one year with another, will prove
profitable to the grower, and the re-
verse will bring a loss. Too many
truckers are in the business to get rich,
and they want to get rich on one or
two crops. I very much doubt if two
men can be found in any section of
Florida that expect to grow truck for
five years. They hear of a case of
extraordinary success in some one crop
and every fellow goes into that crop,
full strength the next season. Some
cantaloupe growers made good money
last year. Now, think of the acreage
* planted in cantaloupes this spring.
You will hardly find a man growing
truck, expecting to make it a life busi-
ness, and they do not get to know one
crop well before they quit that and
try another, and the rseult is a failure,
as it seems that everyone wants the
same crop that year.
If truck growing is undertaken for a
business, as' it is in Delaware, New
Jersey, and Maryland, and the busi-
ness handed down from father to son,
the son taking the experience of the
father and calling science to his aid,
which can easily be done now, getting
all necessary aid and information from
State Experiment Stations and Farm-
ers' Indtftutes, then truck growing will
become a safe and profitable business.
-8. H. Gaitakill before the Farmers'
Institute at Lake City.
ime for Peanuts
It is not necessary that the soil on
which peanuts are to be grown should
be naturally calcereous, but if it is not
it must be limed, the lime being neces-
sary both for the proper fruiting of
the plant and for its mechanical effect
upon the soil Much of the Virginia
and North Carolina land has in times
past been heavily marled, and there
are parts of Tennessee and other States
where there is already sufficient lime
In the soil for the peanut plant.
Besides this addition of lime on soils
where it is not naturally found penuts
needs a dressing of potash and phos-
phorc acid. The potash is best sup-
plied in the form of kainit, the phos-
phoric acid by fine ground phosphatic
slag. If the soil is heavy, instead of
the lag a dragsg of superphosphate
may be used
The lime and other dressing would
be more effective if plowed under ear-
.l in the season, but they may be
spread down the furrow in which the
seed is planted or applied as a top-
dressing after planting. Any kind of
lime may be used, provided it is finely
comminuted by burning before applica-
tion. Thoroughly burnt oyster shells,
which are very accessible to farmers
living along the Eastern Seaboard,
common limestone, or marl will an-
swer the purpose of the planter.
The quantity of lime or marl to use
at one application depends very much
or the nature of the soil and the
amount of vegetable matter it con-
tains. Generally 30 bushels of lime
or from 100 to 150 bushels of marl are
safe applications, but If the soil is
quite thin and contains but little ve-
getable mold, more than this at one
time would be attended with risk. A
safer plan is to make several small an-
nual applications of lime and also of
vegetable matter (manure, compost,
wood's earth, etc.), continuing this un-
til a sufficient amount of lime has been
applied. Land will bear large quanti-
ties of marl with perfect safety if kept
well stocked with some vegetable mat-
ter to subdue its caustic effects. But
iwest of the best peanut soil is deficient
in humus, and the planter should be-
gin cautiously, using small quantities
of lime until he has supplied the other
deficiency.-U. S. Department of Ag-
DEAFNESS CANNOT BE CURED
By local applications as they cannot
reach the diseased portion of the ear.
There is only one way to cure deafness,
and that is by constitutional remedies.
Deafness is caused by an inflamed con-
dition of the mucus lining of the Eus-
tachian Tube. When this tube Is in-
flamed you have a rumbling sound or
imperfect hearing, and when it is en-
tirely closed, deafness is the result,
and unless the inflammation can be
taken out and this tube restored to Its
normal condition, hearing will be de-
stroyed forever; nine cases out of ten
are caused by catarrh, which is noth-
ing but an Inflamed condition of the
We will give One Hundred Dollars
for any case of deafness (caused by
catarrh) that cannot be cured by Hall's
Catarrh Cure. Bend for circular,
free F. J. CHENEY & CO.,
Sold by druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
CUBAN QUEEN WATERMELON.
The old Cuban Queen Watermelon,
has long been recognized as the lead-
ing and shipping and commercial mel-
on of the country.
We have a sport of this melon that
far supersedes the old Cuban Queen.
The new melon is the admiration and
wonder of all who see it, as it is a
third larger than the old variety; and
for sweetness and delicious flavor it
stands unrivaled. In fact, melon grow-
ers of varied experience, pronounce it
the greatest watermelon ever grown.
Single vines perfect six to eight mel-
ons, averaging in weight from 75 to
120 pounds. The seeds of this melon
are brown. The flesh the most vivid
crimson red, melting and sugary.
These melons are the greatest shippers
known, also marvelous keepers. The
vines are rampant, vigorous growers,
and very healthy. This is the melon
for the million, as it succeeds on all
We have tried all melons as fast as
TWO VERY PROMINENT PUBLIC MEN
Owe Health and Happiness to Pe-ru-na.
nllN AN l li [l
Hon. W. Younblood, Auditor for the
Washington, D. C, Dec. 10,1898.
Po-ru-na Drug M'fg Co, Columbus, 0.:
Gentlemen-I've often heard of your
great medicine and have persuaded my
wife, who has been much of a sufferer
from catarrh, to try Pe-ru-na, and after
using one bottle she has wonderfully
improved. It has proved all you have
claimed for it, and I take pleasure in
recommending it to anyone who is af-
fioted with catarrh. Yours,
Auditor for the Interior.
Catarrh in its various forms is rapidly
becoming a national curse. An un-
doubted remedy has been discovered
by Dr. Hartman. This remedy has
been thoroughly tested during the past
forty years. Pe-ru-na cures catarrh in
all stages and phases. There is no rem-
dwy that can be substituted.
tLey originated, and were disseminat-
ed, but none equal this new melon.
S. *L. Watkins.
Lotus, Cala, March 23, 1900.
Diversify Your Crops.
At the risk of being considered pro-
ty and trite, the Tampa Herald begs
leave to renew its suggestion that every
farmer in Florida shall at once adopt
such a system of farming as will make
himself self-supporting in all the es-
sentials before embarking heavily in
any one crop which the climate may
put at risk. The man whose farm is
seft-supporting may receive damage
to his orange grove or his winter gar-
den, and not suffer seriously. And
whatever he makes out of them is prof-
it. Think about it. The farmer can
produce enough meat, enough bread,
enough of all the foods to serve a ta-
ble like a prince's and he can do this
with half the energy ordinarily devot-
ed to a special crop. If It proves par-
tially or wholly a failure, he will still
be safe from poverty and distress. If
it succeeds he will have more net prof-
it from it than if he had wholly de-
pended upon double the amount. When
the farmers of Florida learn and act
upon the lesson, they will place them-
selves upon the road of prosperity.
And there is no other road in this State
to that desirable condition.
During the Summer Season, cramps
come upon us suddenly and remain un-
rl the pain is driven away by a dose
or two of Pain-Killer, the celebrated
cure for all summer complaints, from
simple cramps to the most aggravated
forms of cholera morbus or dysentery.
No household should be without the
warfi^ ///// /ai //Aftm/
Congreusman Howard from Alabama.
WASHINaTOW, Feb. 4th, 818.
Pe-ru-na Drug M'f'g Co., Columbus, O.
Gentlemen-I have taken Pe-ru-na
now for two weeks, and find I am very
much relieved. I feel that my cure will
be permanent. I have also taken it for
la grippe, and I take pleasure in reoom-
mending Pe-ru-na as an excellent rem-'
edy to all fellow sufferers.
Very Respectfully, M.W. Howard.
Congressman Howard's home address
is FortPayne, Ala. |
Any man who wishos perfect health
must be entirely free from catarrh. O I
tarrh is well-nigh universal; almost om-
nipresent. Pe-ru-na is the only abso-
late safeguard known. A cold is the
beginning of catarrh. Topreventcolds,
to cure colds, is to cheat catarrh out of
its victims. Address Dr. Hartman, Co.
lumbus, 0., for a free catarrh book.
I or maM frage s mff.I fr
,itb pr C 0oD. abeet x.
a em Iss" 110
me ,I- ofwtla. -fnls. es n aaft ar fam
pe. t f smr elo'd fu founshowto.Uo
Anyone sending a sketch and d Ion Mal
quickly ascertain our opinion re wether am
invention isn probably table.Communl
tons strictly eonfidentPs andbooka a
sent free. Oldest Magency for securing, rctl
Patents taken through Muta rbo. rtoeeiv
M 1 fH Ihe urs eri- *.
qeiclalces without In tm he r
A bandaomely illustrated weekly. I riw e
HUN K C0.o se,..a .New IYrk
Branch fi oe. 0mFPt- Washirgton. DX
SSaCsfactio Guara ned.
20o o. Charles DL
U&LLTIKOIM M .
Western Poultry Farm,
4 months on trial 10c. One r. 25c.
Tt tells how- ton nake o Oetr t al
Pain-Killer. Avoid substitutes, there profitable. It is up to date. 24 pages.
SSend to day. We sell best liquid lice kl-
is but one Pain-Killer, Perry Davis'. er for 75 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
25 and 50 cents. 1 bands for poultry, 1 dos, 0 ts; 2 or O0
cta; S for 0 eta; 10 for c
W THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
At the Farmers' Institute held re-
cently at Lake City, Mr. G. L. Taber,
of Glen Bt. Mary, who Is an acknowl-
edged authority on all subjects per-
talning to Florida horticulture, read
the following valuable paper on "Tree
There is a trite saying that "another
man's experience is often less expen-
sive than one's own," and I suppose it
is in recognition of this principle that
certain speakers have been selected to
address this Institute on certain top-
Ic. Notwithstanding the fact that I
have had my proportion of experience,
and am glad to recount such part of it
as may be of benefit to others, I feel
somewhat handicapped; not for lack
of acquaintance with the subject, but
fot want of something new to say. Fo:
the principles of the tree planting-if
not their practice---are as old as the ev-
erlasting hills; and this will, I trust,
be borne in mind by such portion of
my audience as might feel inclined to
criticise this paper on the score of its
containing little that is startlingly
Chiefest of the mistakes that con-
tribute to mediocre success or non-
success in tree planting, I should name
the following: First, planting at im-
proper periods; second, lack of prepar-
tilon of the soil; third, lack of prepar.a-
tion of the tree. Whether these mis-
takes are properly classified as to rel-
ative importance does not materially
matter. Bufleie it to say that they are
mistakes and as such, should be cor-
Proper Time to Plant.-All of us
know that trees have their periods of
activity (growth) and it requires 'ut
little experience or observation to learn
that they are more Impatient of being
disturbed while in the first named con-
dition than in the last. We all know,
too, that this dormant condition is
more pronounced and continues
through a longer period during the late
fall and winter than any other time of
the year. This being the case, the In-
ference is but natural and experience
shows the inference to be correct, that
trees planted in the late fall after
growth has become well hardened up
and when the tree is entering on its
longest period of inactivity will be ac-
complished with the least shock. Plant.
ed at this time of the year they have
plenty of time to become well estab-
lished in the soil; to form new root-
lets in advance of top growth'-whicn
they invariably do when given a
chance-and are in condition to grow
cff rapidly on the opening of spring.
Deciduous trees cannot, in fact, under
ordinary conditions be transplanted
with safety at any other time than
during the several months of the win-
ter and early spring, when they are
free from foliage; and while ever-
green can be more readily transplanted
during the summer months than can
deciduous trees, yet the best results
with al trees transplanted from open
ground to open ground are obtained
b3 moving them as early as possible
after they have become well hardened
up in the fall
There is another advantage that ac-
crues to fall-planted trees, as far as
species that are at all tender are con-
crned, which is that they will endue
mnte cold daring the succeeding winter
than they would if they had not been
recently moved. This is abundantly
proven by experience, and the philos-
(phy of it is very simple; the source
of sap supply Is cut off when the tree
IP dug, and that already contained in
the tree becomes reduced by evapor-
ation through the foliage and small
twigs. Cold, in the sence in which we
have it to consider, cannot freeze any-
thing that does not happen to contain
a certain amount of moisture, and
while the newly transplanted tree still
retains a certain amount, without
which life would become extinct, yet
the percentage of moisture is consider-
ably less in the newly transplanted
tree than in those which have not been
Preparation of the Soll.-A great
many people of this world become pos-
sessed of the idea that they can get
something for nothing, and belonging
to this class there are some who, hav-
ing vouchsafed enough effort to bring
the roots of a tree into contact with
the soil, no matter how barren it may
be or how ill prepared, think that they
have done all that should be required
of them, and that nature, by some
wonderful legerdemain, should do the
rest. Even men who can readily see
the utility of feeding their mules a
little extra, if need be, in order to keep
then in good working condition, and
who have learned that it also pays to
fertilize the crops that these mules
cultivate, will stick trees into a barren
broomsedge field or some other place
where they will not "be in the way,"
and leave them to hustle for them-
selves, wifh a sublimity of faith that
-I was almost going to say-is worthy
of a better reward,
The analogy between animal and
plant life is much closer than many
people imagine, and if it pays to com-
mence building up an animal from the
very moment of its birth-as it cer-
tainly does-it also pays equally well
to commence building up a tree from
the very moment that it is transplant-
ed. In fact, we might with propriety
go even back of this, and say that the
foundation of a strong, healthy tree,
like that of a strong, healthy animal,
should commence even before the tree
0i animal is born; for it is a fact that
will some day be recognized more ful-
ly than it is at present that there is as
much in tree breeding as there is in
stock breeding. But, dismissing this
breeding phase of the subject, every
farmer knows that an animal
if not starved during the first
can never be made to attain the
same size or become as ultimately prof-
table as one that has suffered no
check from the lack of food; and the
same is equally true of the tree.
The ground should be put into the
best possible condition before ever the
trees are planted, but, if not possible
to have the entire surface of the
ground put in good shape be sure at
least that that portion of it immediate-
ly surrounding the newly planted tree
i. well prepared. Unless the ground is
quite rich, either naturally or made so
by having been previously built up, it
will pay to make an application of
some complete commercial fertilizer,
at the rate of one-half pound to a
pound to the tree, according to size,
and at time of planting. A well-bal-
anced fertilizer for this purpose should
contain six to'eight per cent. of phos-
phoric acid, four to five per cent. of
ammonia and three to four per cent
of soluble potash. It is a good idea to
mix this fertilizer with the earth that
has been thrown out in digging the
holes before this earth is replaced
around the roots of the tree. In this
way the fertilizer becomes thoroughly
incorporated with the soil, and it is
distributed where it will be immediate-
ly available, and where it would be
impossible to place it later; although
two subsequent applications, each
about equal in amount with that first
used, should be applied on the surface,
and raked or cultivated in, during the
spring and summer.
If the ground needs drainage, this
should have been provided for in ad-
vance of the time of planting and can
often be accomplished by plowing the
ground into lands, coequal in width
with the distance apart that the rows
are wanted, and planting the trees on
the ridges. If this is done, the beds
should be, of course, run in such di-
rection as will allow best of drainage
through the medium of the dead, or
Preparation of the Tree.-Many peo-
ple overlook the fact that a tree as it
is received from the nursery is not in
proper condition to plant. Unless in-
structed to the contrary the universal
practice of nurserymen is to send out
trees with all of their tops intact and
leave the planter to cut them back in
such manner as he may choose. The
result is that many trees are set out
without ever being trimmed back at
all, and the curtailed root system-
necessarily made so by digging the
tree-is called upon to support the
same amount of top as if the roots had
never been distributed. The result is,
that unless all weather and soil con-
ditions are extremely favorable, the
tiee is inclined to succumb to the arti-
ficial and unfavorable conditions im-
posed upon it, while if it had been
properly trimmed at the time of plant-
ing the equalization between top and
root would have been re-established;
which would have enabled It to live,
and not only to live, but make a good
growth. Oranges and other citrus
trees should have at least half of their
tops cut off at time of planting, or, if
not cut back as severely as this, they
should be nearly or quite defoliated in
order to immediately shut off evapor-
ation of the sap and conserve the stor-
ed up moisture in the tree until the
roots have become established in their
new position and are in condition to
pump up a new supply. Deciduous
trees like peaches, pears, plums, etc.,
if transplanted at the time they should
be-after foliage has fallen, and before
nrw growth has commenced-have no
such immediate drain upon their stored
up vitality, as do evergreens, because
it is through the foliage that the most
rapid evaporation of moisture takes
place; but deciduous trees should also
be cut back severely at time of plant-
ing, as otherwise the larger number
of new shoots that would start from
the untrimmed top, when growth com-
iences in the spring, would tax too
severely the necessarily impaired root
system that had not yet had time to
develop its new feeders to their full
But it is not the top of the tree alone
that needs trimming, the roots should
also be smoothly cut back to sound
wood. There are many of the roots
that cannot be taken up entire when
the tree is removed, and which became
more or less lacerated by the spade
when digging. These should be cut
off smoothly with a knife, which will
leave the root ends in much better
shape to immediately callus over and
extend growth. The amount of roots
that should remain on a tree at time of
transplanting depends largely upon
the size and age of the tree. On small
trees it is not always commendable
The engineermisunderstood the signals
and there was a frightful railroad collis-
ion, with terrible los of life. The whole
country was appalled by that accident
There is doubtless a far greater lowc o
life occurring every day, in various sec-
tions of the country, lbr which the only
excuse is,-"the doctor didn't under-
atand the symptoms." These cases are
not the subjects of special inquet or the
country would be aghast at the sacrifice
of life to ignorance.
It has been the experience of Dr. R. V.
Pierce and his staff of assistant physi-
cians, that ninety-eight out of every
hundred persons submitting to their
treatment can be cured. People given
up by the local physicians, weak, ema-
ated, with stubborn coughs and bleed-
ing lungs have been absolutely cured by
the use of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
Sick people are invited to consult Dr.
Pierce by letter free. All letters are
held as strictly private and treated as a-
credly confidential. Answers are mailed
in plain envelopes without any printing
"Last spring I was taken with severe pais in
my chest, and was so wea Icould hardywalk
about the house," says Mrs. G. Kerr, ft Fort
Dodge, Webster o., Iowa. "I tried several
physicians and they told me I had connsumti o
I heard of Dr. Piere's Golde Medical co
ery and I thought I would trysome of it Befoa
had taken the first bottle I was very much bet-
ter; I took five bottles of it and have not yet hid
any return of the trouble."
IK 5U* LIQUID EXTRUACT OF SO .
swees1 sa s.er a ian the old
Mals I Amo.. a e n. foe
YOU KM BEES?
No matter-my 64-page Bee Book
Itwill Inte est and please you. I know it
will. I's ree. rite today-the boney sea-
son's coming J.1. JenkinsWelampka,
A ALWAYS KEEP ON HAND
There Is no kind of pain1
or ahe, Internal or extor-
nal, that Pain-Killer will I
LOOK OUT FOR IMITATIONS AND SUB.&
OSTITUTES. THE GENUINE BOTTLE4
BEARS THE NAME,
PERRY DAVIS SON.
to try and retain the full amount of
roots with which the tree might be
dug. Nurserymen, in transplanting
young stock from seed bed rows into
permanent nursery form, will often
trim back the roots severely, both lat-
erals and fibrous, not only for ease in
handling, but with the knowledge that
a better root system can in many cases
be induced. The development of a
Swell-balanced root system should al-
ways be kept in mind, and can, to
quite a considerable extent, be induced
by the planter himself when the roots
of the tree are being trimmed for the
permanent planting in orchard. (This
phas of the subject, as well as the
whole matter of trimming, will be
practically illustrated during this ad-
Treatment of Shriveled or Frozen
Trees.-In case the trees that are to
be planted are in a dry condition, ow-
ing to having been improperly packed
or too long on the road, the best pos-
sible treatment is to aig a trench in a
moderately moist place but not too
wet; spread the trees out in it and
cover them, roots and tops, with four
to six inches of earth. They can re-
main buried from three days to a week
without suffering harm. It there was
any life at all in them when they were
buried the shriveled wood will, at the
end of the time mentioned, come out
plump and fresh. They should then
be immediately trimmed back and
planted. If the trees have been expos-
ed to severe cold while en route and
there should be any signs of ice in the
packing material, they should be bur-
ied without being removed from the
original package and left buried until
they hff- entirely thawed out.
,Banking up at Time of Transplant-
lng.-It is a good idea to bank up to
all fall or winter planted trees Imme-
diately after setting. This consists
merely of throwing up loose earth
around the trees to a height of a foot
or more, according to the size of tree
planted. There are several advantages
which accrne to the tree from this
treatment; In the Ast place the
banking holds the newly planted tree
in position against winds that might
work it back and forth.and interfere
with its efforts to form roots. In the
second place this banking helps to re-
tain moisture, not only around the
roots themselves, but also in that por-
tion of the stem with which the earth
comes in contact: and this makes the
starting of new growth certain and
easy. In the last place-but by no
means least-that portion of the trunk
that is protected by the bank of earth
ir fully Insured against damage from
cold. This bank of earth should, of
course, be removed when growth com-
S mences in the spring, but, if the tree
Is of a upeciea that is s bjOet to dam-
age from late frosts, the earth can be
removed gradually, leaving some of it
around the base of the budded portion
until all danger from cold is past.
Watering at Time of Transplanting.
-If the ground is in a moderately
moist condition and the trees are plant-
ed in the late fall or early winter,
When they are dormant, it is not al-
ways necessary to use water. If,
however, the ground is dry and the
trees *sf tnra pltnted at all out of
season, he use of water is a great ad-
vantage. In using water, have the
earth first packed around the roots
with the bands, and then pour one or
two paifluls around the tree, having
first made a saucer-shaped receptacle
of earth to couae It, where wanted,
By slightly moving
forth with the h
ture will more re
stices among the
ter has thorough
not before-fill tl
under any of the
have become ex]
more earth and I
feet. Finish up
icose earth-not t
viulch; or if the t
ed up as previous
ilh them up in t]
however, the tree
and prolonged d
stem to make sub
c ssary, remember
drenching is wo
to the application
face of the group
ously made to t]
applied in the fo
member that as 1
tiee is kept moist
ing growth are
there is but a
moisture inthe s
It is often the cai
to plant a few ev
tals of some kind
residence or in
time spent in pl
after-culture is no
ance as compared
suits; and in suc
vantageous to pud
planting, to pr
chance of their dr
complished by mi
until they become
cy that the roots
worked around i
come out with co
hearing to them.
to hold moist ea
and direct contact
greater entent thi
polished in any ot
sequent actual pli
i; the name mann
are puddled or no
tageous and part
green to erect a
half shade made o
nietto leaves or an
intercept a portion
until the tree has
After growth hai
this temporary sha
and it should alwi
that, while protect
tree from the too
sun, will freely a
Editor Florida Ag
From time to til
made in your col
of the HIbiscus S
more commonly cal
Some who write c
very little about I
what they say, y
highly of its val
safely claim to be
production of this
growers in South
nia, and has been
years, hence can sa
Much has been
Jamaica Sorrel ha
over praised. Like
are just learning n
it has many-Is in
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 2~
ng the tree back and valuable plants of recent Introduction. | rn't y
and the muddy mix- some have been disappointed by think-
adily fll up all inter- mg it a perennial and so lost it from W o Oat.L
roots. After the wa- their list of fruits for a second year. Fill bot la with yor
vwaeriadsiM It ourbhouirua
ly settled away-but It is an annual and must be planted out or o
he earth around and every spring, just as your cotton crop g Indicates an
crown roots that may must. A peculiarity of the sorrel is unhealthy condi-
posed, and then add that it will not bloom before Novem- tlon of the kid.
neys; if it stains
Press firmly with the ber 1st, however early it is planted. I your lnen It I
with a covering of have time and again planted as early evidence of kid-
tramped-to act as a as March and again in June, in the ney trouble; too
rees are to be mound- same plot, and had bloom on each the frequt t
pua It or pals in
sly recommended, fin- same day. There is a great difference the back is also
his way at once. If, in the crop between early and late convincing proof that the kidneys and blad-
es are not banked up, planting, as the early ones make great derareoutof order
try weather should bushes, sometimes ten feet high and of There is comfort in the knowledge so
sequent watering ne- as wide a spread and at fruiting season often expressed, that Dr. Kilmer's Swamp
r this: One thorough every limb or twig will be full of Root, the great kidney remedy fulfill every
rth a dozen small bloom. The late planted ones will be wish kdney cug rbladder ad every p t
is refers particularly jIst as full but the bushes will be of the urinary passag. It corrects inability
i of water to the sur- smaller, just in proportion to theatime to hold water and scalding pain in passing
nd. Frequent small they have grown. I have had best it. or bad effets following of liquo,
wine or ber, and overomes that unpisassat
often be advantage- success when planted in medium high city of being compelled to go f
he tops of the tree; pine land that had been cow-penned during the day, and to get up times
orm of a spray. Re- or fertilized with stable manure, duri th night. The mildandU aextn
ong as the top of the though very satisfactory results fol- effect of SwalRootr isnet
It Stands the highest for hs woe
its chances for start- towed the use of commercial fertilizer. derful cures of the most distressiag ca
very great, even it Whatever fertilizer is used, remember If you need a medicine you should have the
moderate amount of that it is a grass feeder and let it have bLt.Sold by drst In50c. and$1.tal
You may have a smple bottle of Ab
ol. it accordingly, and with liberal treat- wonderful disco
and Shading Tops.- ment 25 plants will give enough to sup- and a book that tel%
se that one wishes to ply a good sized family every day in more about it, both sent
ergreens or ornamen- the year with an abundance. abs olutelyr, ee by mal
in grounds around a Plant at least 6x6 feet apart and cul- Co., Binghamton, N.. Whe writingS-
positions where the tivate as you would tomatoes, corn, or Mo readingthisgenerouofferinthispaper.
snting or expense in any farm or truck crops, and your har-
it of so much import- vest is sure. I have as yet seen no
with the desired re- enemy among the insect tribes, except M *
cut T11111 AIL SO u m41
h instances it is ad- cut-worm. Once in awhile a sala- to e 6se
ddle the roots, before mander cuts the roots, but not often. M |umbr h lu iess
event any possible So much for the habits of culture of in ai thU
ying out. This is ac- the crop! What are the results? As ash Cs
xing clay and water one housekeeper said, "most every- Z.- you M
of such a consisten- thing." Jelly, jam, sauce, piea, tarts, mc ourZaiY
of the tree, when custards, puddings, lemonade, cider, Io -
n the mixture, will greens, and on a pinch strings to tie ot e Br, -
onsiderable of it ad- up your newly budden orange grove 0 y
This puddling serves for the plant has a hemp like bark. saw or b
earth into immediate We have often deceived the very
With the roots, to a elect-New England yankees-by re- S tRes
an can be accom- galling them on cranberry sauce -rnSB
;her way. The sub- made from our sorrel patch, while the sea .
wanting is performed good Virginia aunt "never atte better sC I 9lr 91 C1S 11m
er whether the rootso urrant jolly." WTero adi you got it?*' M e a'.s s
sdabonebr saaa elaaara m 5 wit
t. It is often advan- Some of my neighbors have develop- assumgeintea awu .m w S
icularly with ever- d quite a profitable business, making a-bmeri-ss sl.as
temporary shade or sorrel jelly for the trade, finding an UM% m tI
if slats, burlaps, pal- apparently unlimited and ever increas-
lything else that will ing demand for it under Its own name, T H B
m of the sun's rays "Jamaica Sorrel Jelly." i 1O
commenced to grow. The fruit is the red calyx surrounding -
s once fairly set in the seed ball, taken about a week after That wal kill
ade can be removed; the bloom has dropped. Some have all the weeds
yS Be 6Of & ca&h terI made the m sgake of using the ae-d in your lawn.
.ting the top of the ,all, or pod, ci by leaving it in, this If you keep
o fierce heat of the makes a slippery elm sort of mess that the weeds cut
dmit both rain and is of no use, and is, I think from his so they do not
description, just what your correspon- go to seed,
dent, D. J. Pilsbry, did. 9 and cut your
riculturist: Use only the calyx and you will nev- grass without
a Sorrel. er be disappointed. I will not at pres- breaking the small feeders of roots
me mention has been ngt give direction for pparin the the grass will become thick' and
umns of the merits fruit, having arranged for recipes to wcda wll dosappear. Sand for
abdarlffa, or as it is be prepared by an expert, who has had catalog D
Tile CIJFER WILL DO T
led Jamaica Sorrel. years of experience and unqualified OLIPPER LAWN MOWER 00.
of it evidently know success in making it up. I would like Norristown. Pa
it, as they show by to see a few plants in every garden
et almost all speak in Florida. It makes fruit of the finest TRUSSES, A 81. 25 A0 N UP
ue. The writer can quality, a few months from planting,
a pioneer in the in- is easily grown and a sure crop, one
I plant to notice of that is bound to give satlsfaction
Florida and Califor- whenever tried. W. 8. Preston. a 1141t i
& close student of its Auburndale, Fla. SU e*dl 4 aWI
far a amaV a "nJ
eak of t wth great thorough culture Insures good crops. r a W owlo g yo
ruptured.awlast we rupasm i. larg Mors allas aglaf t
Zrnri to on gsht Or6in1W
said in its praise. ~,~w s Jnar me toy3 nIoa-?
s rather under than MARK STOCK Wh JaZ~ r 's Ala. . m e. m alasm .*s
MT m Har Tagsd.0.." ba'yomsue" M nodt we
a the velvet bean, we win return your money.
Svelve bn, w Always bright. Can't come out wMITE FO FREI TRIS CATAULOIUE .. '
nany of its uses, nd JACKSON STOCK MARKER CO., e,. la temnogt-e -w's *t H 71
faet Qe 9 9 tb al"t eampl mcnt ht. at. Isons. Mo. mmSEA8,R.J. A uOKM & o H
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTU
The breeding searing of ducks
has attained prms pMoportions,
and the growth has a& been made in a
comparatively few years, Ar it was as
recently as 1873 that the Pekin duck
was first introduced from China, and
yet this is the duck used exclusively
as a business money-maker. The duck
at present par excellence.
By yearly hatching and heavy feed-
ing and careful selection of the larg-
est birds for breeding purposes we
have made the Pekin a giant bird for a
duck. Then its early maturity, white
feathers and fine dressed carcass ren-
der it the marketman's pride.
The duck is so different from com-
mon owls in many particulars as to
merit a special attention. It is an
enormous eater, eats anything and ev-
erything that comes in its way, and is
not over fastidious as to the quality,
but demands an enormous quantity to
fill up on.
In order to escape Bankruptcy the
duck breeder feeds cheap, bulky food,
such as all sorts of boiled roots and
vegetables, bran, corn meal, beef
scraps, table waste, etc., and in re-
turn the duck does nobly, shells out the
eggs, lays steadily from three to five
months in the spring and produces in
course of the season one hundred or
more large, rich eggs.
A Pekin duck is a timid creature,
and most trivial objects wil panic a
large flock, causing the different mem.
bers to push and crowd and tumble
over one another, oftentimes to the in-
jury of some. A lantern at night us-
ually has just such a disturbing effect.
A great saving in duck culture over
ben culture lies in the fact that the
duck is unharmed by exposure, the
most rudimental shed sufficing as a
home for these sturdy aquatics.
Where fowls -are heirs of disease,
such as roup, colas, etc., the duck is
impregnable, there being hardly a sin-
gle disease that can storm successfully
the citadel of this bird's constitution.
Rugged and vigorous is the duck In-
Let no man think he cannot raise
ducks because he has no pond or brook
of water in which they may disport
themselves. Ducks will do all right
with just water for drinking purposes
alone. Indeed, thousands upon thous-
ands of the fine dressed ducks we see
in the large markets have never even
looked upon a larger sheet of water
than that contained In their drinking
Bedding is required for ducks' pens
in large quantities. For this purpose
shavingp, leaves, meadow hay, coal
ashes, all come in handy. A good,
warm. well bedded floor to the duse
pen materially encourages the ducks
to lay early while it is still quite cool.
There is hardly a farm home upon
which a few ducks could not be prof-
itably kept, say a dozen or so, feeding
them principally upon waste.-The
Farming Operafons for April.
The month of April is one of the
busiest months of the year with the
West Florida farmer. Generally speak-
ing there is considerable lee-way to
make up from the previous month. All
crops not planted last month should be
put under with as little delay as poe-
sible. One of the most essential things
is t pre a place to receive the
rst seist potato draws that are
ready for setting out, for it is from
theme wdrwso tbe 1 !e w1u ave t?
coae to make the maia crop, and as
this is one of our most profitable crops
we must prepare well in advance of
Corn should be planted as sooon as
possible. The wet weather of March
prevented much planting of corn so
we must hurry it up now Velvet
beans should be put in early as It Is
one of the best forage crops and de-
serves close attention. If cassava has
not been planted, put it 2n at once.
Towards the last of the month cow-
peas can be planted, so can chufas and
peanuts. Beans for home use should
be planted early in the month; the
navy white bean is very suitable for
this climate and yields enormous crops.
They sell from five to six cents a
pound and every farmer should grow
enough for his own use and some to
sell. The Irish potato needs special
attention tnle month by giving It the
proper cultivation at the proper time.
Cucumbers, melons and cantaloupes
should be kept clear of weeds and well
plowed to insure remunerative crops.
A second and third planting of them
all will be advantageous in securing
a successive supply during the summer
months. Cabbage and tomato plants
should be transplanted as soon as pos-
sible. Young onions from seed sown
last fall should now be transplanted.
Be sure to plant plenty of squashes
In the garden, sow Bush an lima
beans right away, also beets, carrots,
okra, radish, lettuce, mustard, pars-
ley, celery, tomatoes, egg plant and
peppers. It is too late to sow any cab-
bage; but kohl-raDi can be sown, also
kale and collards. Cauliflower seed
should be sown at once; the Italian
variety Is the most suitable; it is a
long season plant and wants more care-
ful nursing than most men give it.
Those who keep stock and want green
feed early should sow some millet; the
old-fashioned cat-tall is tie best. Kaf-
fir corn and sorghum should be sown
now. I prefer sorghum for milk cows,
as it causes the milk to flow. When
it is run through a feed cutter and
mixed with a little bran and cotton
seed meal It makes the best dairy feed
known. I hope that our farmers will
not plant too much cotton expecting
the present prices to last, for the Indi-
cations are that by next fall the price
will be considerably lower. The pres-
ent prices are caused by the specula-
tors to Induce the farmers to plant
a heavy crop. Make plenty of hog
feed and hominy is my advice to the
West Florida farmer.-C. K. McQuar-
rle in Laurel Hill Gazette.
Ars meamemadse naabinra Worth
When one can make at home a farm
implement that will do good work, it
is often the case that considerable
money can be saved. It then becomes
a qunetion whether the time taken t9
make the Implement could, or could
not, be more profitably employed in
regular farm work. The matter can
ofton ho doldod In favor of mnlalnf
the implement, because on stormy
days one may not be able to do regu-
lar farm work, and so can profitably
be employed In the workshop. In the
ease of making an incubator at home,
I am decidedly of the opinion that it
cannot profitably be done for the rea-
son that only expert workmen, with
factory appliances, can make a ma-
chine that will hatch well. It Is true
that many homemade machines have
made some aoaa atonoem, aut thy
hate demanded a great amount of
watchful care in order ;to reach this
result-and even then, ft was likely to
be a toss-up whether the hatch would
turn out good, bad or simply indiffer-
ent. It is a very uncertain business,
running an incubator without an auto-
matic heat 'generator. The germ of an
egg is too delicate an affair to allow
such variations of temperature as are
almost certain in an incubator that has
no automatic regulator. One may get
even a fair hatch, but such variation
of temperature as is quite certain to
occur in such a machine during incu.
bation is sure to result in chicks with
weak vitality and there is no profit in
Years ago when incubators sold for
more than double the present price for
greatly improved machines, it was nat-
ural that farmers should be anxious to
secure plans for homemade incubators:
but when a 100-egg mehine, one of
the mast reliable makes can be bought
for $10, as is now possible, It does not
seem at all wise to spend several dol-
lars for materials and considerable
time in making a machine that cannot
be depended upon to do good work. I
have made hot-water incubators, and
have owned a factory-made machine,
and from experience I certainly would
not advise anyone to try building an
incubator when the best can be bought
so cheaply. Homemade brooders are
feasible, since they do not have to run
to such a nicety of temperature, and
because the chicks themselves have
some knowledge as to seeking a warm-
er or cooler part of the brooder as may
be necessary.-New England Home-
The worries of a weak and sick
mother are only begun with the birth
of her child. By day her work is con-
stantly interrupted and by night her
rest is broken by the wailing of the
peevish, puny infant. Dr. Pierce's Va-
vorite Prescription makes weak women
strong and sick women well. It lightens
all the burdens of maternity, giving to
mothers strength and vigor, which
they impart to their children. In over
thirty years of practice Dr. Pierce and
his associate staff of nearly a score of
physicians have treated and cured
more than half a million suffering wo-
men. Sick women are invited to con-
sult Dr. Pierce by letter free of charge.
All correspondence Is strictly private.
Address Dr. R. V. Pierce, Invalids'
Hotel and Surgical Institute, Buffalo,
J. L. Alnutt returned last night from
New York, via the Plant System, and
this morning said to a Times man
"You can now say that the Tampa
Sugar Planting and Refnery Compauy
is successfully financiered, and opera-
tions will begin within three months.
The company is incorporated for $1,-
000,000, and the refinery will be erect-
ed in Tampa this fall. The papers are
now being made out In New York and
the bonds are being printed and floated
by one of the largest trust companies
in the United States. The architects
are now at work on the plans for the
refinery. Mr. Alnutt stated that fo-
manifest reasons It is advisable to give
no further details at present, but all
particulars will be presented to the
public in due time. He stated posl-
tively, however, that the refinery will
be in operation by the first of next
January and prepared to grind up next
season's cane crop.-Tampa Times.
k v bBow- -
sor peing be as thmm m
h ~and .Alw. tlb. beM. Fo
sme everywhere. RBawti mabitutM.
5tseS to Verr* ds msd mrOwIr.
moo ss Annual fe Write r it.
UI FERU a OWCO, at, Mk.
*2.75 BOX RAIN A
S b.e 11
m4M A, M rffl 0.
IaNi. NOa n-T. -M.l
oMe k -ntoshe p
and w adeo-t Je Uo Uta&td Ovw-
cdosts at from 16.00t.0, krfte foer
oXeIa. Mtaktoehe ep to 5,
ad MIadetoXeure Ucibud Over-
rRN LATRS? DRUIONS OF
Ior cometor and awna *n "sa
&ll work gurmnteed. Prices-retsaiu 1os.
dortespod with :: :: ::
GeO. R. NIOHOL8 4 00.
WE STILL HAVE A FEW
stocks, entirely unhurt by cold. AlI-
peaches, plums, grapes, etc., including
the famous James Grape. A fev
thousand Trifolita seedlings yet us
sold. Prices low. Freight is paid
W. T. Owens of Georgia, will have
a new saw mill at Fisher's creek by
May, and Branch & Tally, of Dixie,
Ga., have bought their machinery for
Printine of avery dosai amisn at this f mar 2u nd it is Raw Mi rasts to
THE PLO RIPA AGRICULTURIST. m
MLDF AL DLPU WIWXI .
Address a ll nommnni"tltjopa to the
editor, W. 0 t 8tel, a witerland, Bina
FloralN........... .. .... ...
If any of our readers live where
Zamia integrifolia, commonly known
as "Goontle," "Comptle." or "Florida
Arrowroot," grows wild, we would be
glad to get a few small plants, and will
send in exchange something of equal
value. Please write to us about it and
we will send list we can offer In ei-
change. We should also be very glad
to receive specimens of what are com-
monly called ''Easter lilies." They are
pure white when in full bloom, but the
buds have quite a good deal of color,
varying from pink to red. In different
parts of the State tiey are found with
leaves varying from those that are al-
most round as in St. Johns and Clay
counties, to those that are quite flat
and almost a quarter of an inch wide.
We would like to receive a few WIb
with leaves and buds or open flowers,
from as many parts of the State as
Snteta of the Cold.
Some weeks ago we gave some notes
OD this subject. We asked our read-
ers and especially our regular contri-
butors to send reports of the results of
the frost. We are very sorry to be ob-
liged to report that the coil was so se-
vere throughout the State that it not
only froze the plants but also their
owners. We have received barely two
contributions, and neither of them
from an old correspondent. It seems
to be a terrible task to take a pencil
and write down the degree of cold and
give a list of the plant killed and
those that survived. Will not each one
of you who reads this, If you feel any
interest in the floral department, go at
once and get paper and pencil and
* write your li1t and send it off before
you forget it again. We feel very
much discouraged with the very slight
interest taken in this department. How
o hierwise, when weeks go by
and not one of you will take the trou-
ble to write a few lines for the benefit
of our readers.
We have had some very complimen-
tary, In fact, flattering letters from
some of our readers, for which we are
duly grateful. But we would certain-
ly appreciate a little more help in our
efforts to make the department of or-
namental horticulture not only inferest-
ing, but of real practical value to every
lover of flowers among our readers.
Since our former notes on the effects
of the frosts were written, we have
been nipped again and much more se-
verely. On the morning of February
18th, the thermometer was down to
19. Though this was only four de-
grees colder than the morning of Feb-
ruary 2, yet the effects were very much
more disastrous. It seemed as If
these tour degrees were like the pro-
verbial, "last straw that broke the
camel's back." Certainly this was true
of several varieties of cacti. They were
in a box on a covered porch, and the
box covered with grain sacks. This
protection had proved perfect up to
that time and nothing had been hurt.
But this time Cereus triangularis, C.
McDonaldi, Rhipsalls salleornoides,
and an unnamed variety of Phylloeac-
tnu were killed.
Strange to say, four other varieties
of Cereus and an Epiphyllum trunca-
tun were unhurt. Of two plants of
C. Variabuls growingain one pot, one
was killed, the other unhurt. The same
thing happened to another pot contain-
ing two plants of Cereus nyctacalus.
There was, so far as we could see, no
difference in the condition of these
plants, nor any plausible explanation
of the cause of one plant dying while
the other was unhurt.
The most surprising thing in this box
box of Cacti was the survival of the
Epiphyllum which is usually very easl-
13 affected by frost
To vegetation in the open ground
the freeze was more destructive than
the others, owing to the warm weather
between. From February 4th to Feb-
ruary 17th the thermometer Was not
below 44 and most of the time between
60 and 80. Consequently growth had
The bush of Jasminum revolutum
which had been unhurt before, had at
this time young growth from one-
fourth of an inch to one inch in length.
Of course all the tender growth was
killed and the leaves taken off. But
fortunately the stems were not hurt,
and as there were many dormant buds
the bush is growing again vigorously,
and in a short time it will be difficult
to tell that there had been any freeze.
The unusually long, cold winter has
been very destructive to plants that
are seldom injured. For example, we
lost quite a number of Cannas; to be
sure they were not old established
roots, yet they had been planted long
enough to have made some new
growth and seemed to be thriving. A
variety of other plants, newly set, but
whose roots were usually hardy, failed
The article by Mrs. Jennie S. Per-
kins, on the Antignon leptopus which
appeared in the issue of the Florida
Agriculturist for February 28, drew
renewed attention to a vine in praise
of which too much cannot be said.
The only fault I have to find with it
is that the slightest frost spoils all its
grace and beauty, so that when the
Northern visitors come, it has nothing
of its loveliness to show them.
Really, our Northern friends do not
know what they miss by deferring
their Florida trips until after the first
of December, as the majority of them
do, thereby losing the magnificent flo-
ral displays of Antignon leptopus, Al-
ismanda, Duranta, and the different
varieties of Jessamines, to say nothing
of the wealth of other beautiful orna-
mental vines and shrubs which flour-
ish in this section of Florida.
But, alas! Our place is no longer
blooming like the rose- Indeed, were
it not for several magnolias and pal-
mettos, a large camphor tree, which is
the pride of our hearts, and the native
Yellow Jessamine, which clambers ov-
er either end of the front piazza, the
yard would be almost as bare as the
Desert of Sahara. The only flowers
that have survived the freezes of this
winter are the English and California
violets and the "Yellow Jessamin."
The Aristolochia elegans, (better
known as "Dutchman's pipe"), An.
tigonon leptopus, Alamanda, Duranta,
Opoponax, blue Thunbergia, and the
white Jessamines, of which we have
several varieties, were all killed to the
ground by the freeze early in January.
The Roses, then, were fortunately part-
ly dormant and wen through that cold
uninjured. But the warm weather and
many rains during Januarq and the
early half of February, started them
all to growing, and they had put out
their dainty new leaves and hundreds
of bloom buds only to be caught by the
freeze of February 18 and 19.
The tender new growth was all
killed, and some of the vines, the
Marechal Nell especially, were severe-
ly injured. The Duchesse de Bra-
brante was a beautiful sight before the
cold came, the new foliage displaying
many exquisite shades of red.
A Cocos plumosus, which the eata-
logues truly describe as "one of the
most graceful ornamental palms in
cultivation," was frozen down to the
bank of sand heaped well around It.
As for the Jacaranda mmosafolla, It,
too, succumbed to the first touch of
frost. By the way, if all of the read-
ers of this department have not seen
one of these beautiful tern-like trees,
or do not possess one, I would advise
them to lose no time before procuring
one, as they are a source of much
pleasure to the lover of the beautiful
in nature. We have had our Jacaranda
several years, and though it freeses
down every winter, each suceeding
summer it seems more beautiful than
Dobtlesa la other parts of the State
further south, where the frost would
not come to cut it back, It would grow
to be a large tree; but living as we do,
only about one hundred miles south of
Jacksonville, and thirty miles from the
East Coast, frosts are of annual occur-
rences. . M.
During the two coldest snaps of this
winter, the mercury ran down each
time, ror a Drler period, to it degrees
ai Thonotosassa, and 25 degrees two
miles and a half south of town.
The following plants were killed to
the ground, but the roots are still alive:
Ricinus and Allamanda, I presume,
Poinciana and HiBiscus shared the
same fate where not protected.
I had a Teas Hybrid Catalpa killed
out root and branch.
The leaves on most of the Oleanders
over the country are killed. On my
grounds the following shrubs and
climbers are not at all injured: Spir-
cas, Syringas, Japan Quince, "Sweet
Scented Shrub," (Calacanthus Flor-
Ida), (the last two are hardy at the
North.-Ed.) Pomegranite Althea,
Dwarf Juneberry, "Trumpet Creeper,"
,(probably Bignonia radlcans.-Ed.)
"Woodbine," and "Yellow Jessamine."
A Tropical Effect for a Nickel.
In a late number of the Mayflower
Mrs. J. W. Stanlee, of Texas, writes
very interestingly about the "Castor
oil bean." They will thrive even more
luxuriantly in Florida:
"A packet of big, qneer-looking seeds
was used by us one year to transform
a treeless yard into quite another place.
The queer seeds' name was .quite
enough to kill them, it being catalog-
ced as Ricinus Zanzibarensls, though
known in local places as Castor Bean,
or Palma Christal. The children de-
clared they looked like ticks, that bane
of Southern woods. They were planted
all around the house, in odd corners,
singly, and an avenue of them was
made down to the gate; two stood as
sentinels on either side of the veran-
dah steps. Before other things had
hardly made up their minds to grow,
the Ricinus were a foot high. Then I
went among them and planted feath-
ery Cypress Vines and Morning Glories
and left them to take care of them-
"After that we left ou9r RliUns
sweetly alone until they had grown
about four feet high and the bloom
stems began to show. Then to my dis-
may, my husband insisted on cutting
out all of the flower stems, laughing
and teasing all the while. saying that
their name was a heavy enough tax
without them having to ber seed; and
once a week he would go ever tie lot
cutting and flashing, salppla off ide
shoots, whilst I watched under protest.
And the result? August found those
Ricinus twelve and fourteen feet high,
veritable trees, in a yard where there
was nothing in March but weeds We
could walk under the lowest leaves
with ease, and they were anomo,
and such a beautiful metallic red c e
"Having attained such a size, my
husband's desire for cutting and sip-
ping abated, and the long abused trea
were allowed to seed at tker owa
sweet wilL By that time the fall rains
had commenced, and the vines, which
had been standing still for a month or
so, took a new lease of life, and away
they went, around and about, over and
under, up and down, every morata,
leaving a trail of glory behind. Mpe-
cially pretty were the Cypres-decked
trees, the feathery ollage agalat the
metallic red of stalk and seed, crimao
starry powers on long slender stems
peeping out of th heavy bronze olavea
Christmas had almost come ae Jack
Frost put an end to their glory. An-
other packet of seed awaits the same
Florida's Crop of Cantaloupes.
The Florida crop of cantaloupes this
ubssa it It 1 d byA h&dlicro who hare
visited the producing sections, will
be larger than that grown last year.
Speaking on this subject Mr. W. J.
'hillips, of Phillips & Sons, said:
"Planters are going generally Into
Rocky Ford seed, and in the main this
variety will be cultivated by a ma-
jority of the growers in the State.
Profiting by the experience of the past,
growers will ship only in the most
approved packages, special care being
used in packing and transportation.
The experience of our house last year
in handling the melons proved beyond
question that as fine melons as ever
were grown were shipped from certain
sections in Florida. The cantaloupe is
a fruit that needs the highest intelli-
gence not only in the cultivation but in
the packing and shipping. It Is so pe-
culiar in its nature that the slightest
carelessness is apt to make it worth-
less upon arrival. The melons should
be packed in crates 12x24 inches for
the first grade, the same holding about
45 melons. Crates for the second size
should be 11x22 inches. This craze
does not indicate that it contains Infer-
lor melons. The l0mensons differ
from the first crate in order to accom-
modate the smaller sizes. Melons eith-
er too small or too large for these pack-
ages should either be left in the field
or sent in some convenient package to
a different market. It is indispensable
that melons should be sweet or they
cannot be sold to advantage.-Fruit-
A novelty has just been introduced
by the waterworks company in Daw-
son, probably not duplicated in any
other city on the continent. It consists
cf a wooden house, 6x0x0 fat, which
is placed over every hydrant in the
city. Each of these houses contains a
small stove, in which fire is kept day
and night. By the payment of $1.00
a week, patrons can secure water at
any time.-Morning Oregonian.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
ji THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
'eI ., .i A ^ .
Entered t the p* tef9 at Lsad, Flor-
ida, as second class mtter.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.
'nblished every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
O yea, single subscription.......... .. .00
Six months, single subscription......... LOO
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are soliited.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be acompanied with real name, as a
*uaranasc fd f .ith, No annymIse mn-
tributRion wlbe regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
ble in case of loss. When personal
ksare used exchange must be added.
F and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot 'be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the ad-
drtM of their eper ehanred MIUST Oive the
old as well as the new address.
We now have an office in Jacksonville,
1 4opi Robinon Block, Viaduct, where Mr.
pisftca will It lusiUd is m6 u I Ia t as Ib-
scribers. Any time we can be of service in
Jacksonville, drop us a line to above address.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 11, 1900.
A Plainta oty.
With politics the Agriculturist has
nothing to do, except when the policy
of a political party may directly threat-
en the prosperity and antagonize the
Interests of its constituents-the soil
-tQlers of Florida-and with contentions
within party lines, it has even less con-
..We feel, however, that It Is our nu-
,t to caution the people of the State
'to use the greatest care in the selec-
tion of their candidates for the various
offices to be filled at the fall elections.
In Florida, of course, where the par-
ties are so unequally divided that a
nomination at the hands of the domi-
nant party is equivalent to an election,
this advice ai of value only to the
members of that dominant party. At
the same time, where this unequal
4 dillo of parties exists, especial
(ai should be taken by the people at
large that their interests are not jeop-
ardized by the professional politician.
When there is no competition, and
where the opposition is reduced to a
minimum by reason of a weak minor-
ity party, the professional politician Is
apt to carry out his plans In a high
and lordly manner. He knows that
whoever he nominates will be elected,
and'he knows, too, that It is not neces-
sary to nominate the best men in order
to Insure their election. If, on the
othpr hand, the two parties were more
equally divided, it would be different.
]vea the professlonal politician, not
from choice perhaps, but from polled,
.. .. appreelate the importance of
putting up the best men in order to
p~Nde t the "Independent" element of
the party from voting for and electing wives departing for Ft. Myers, so that
the "other fellows," even though of when the train reached Punta Gorda
different political faith. It would be that evening about forty were seeking
a choice between a poor man on their accommodations for the night. One
ticket and a good man on the ticket of of the pleasant (?) features was the
the other crowd.
The fight, then, in Florida, is really
in the primaries, and not at the polls.
It is -in the primaries of the Demo-
cratic party; and it Is the duty of ev-
ery member of the party as a patriot-
ic citizen to attend these primaries,
and to select trustworthy delegates
to the conventions, who will guard well
the interests of the people they repre-
sent, and nominate for office clean,
honorable and capable men-men who
will not be bribed by partisanship or
corrupted by corporate or other vicious
influences-if such men can be found,
and we think they can; but the enter-
prising delegates may have to leave
the well trodden path of politics and
search in the humble walks of private
citizenship In order to find them.
If there is one department of our
State government more than another
in which the people of the State are
especially interested, it is in the de-
Dartment of education, presided over
by the State Superintendent of Public
Instruction. This office should be filled
ty a man of not only scholarly attain-
ments, but with broad and liberal
views; a man who would consider his
duty to the people of the State before
his duty to his party. He should be
a man to command respect, and with
ability to promote and bring to a much
greater degree of perfection the edu-
cational interests of Florida.
If the enterprising delegates to the
State convention at Jacksonville, will
Have fer a little while the political
bull-pen, and stroll into the byways of
private life, they will find such a man,
and his name is McBeath-Tom F. Mc-
The Agriculturist suggests Mr. Mc-
Beath because it knows he can fill the
important office of State Superinten-
dent of Public Intsrction acceptably,
and develop and promote the educa-
tional interests of Florida, and this is
a matter of the most vital importance,
not only to the Agriculturalists' con-
stituents but to every citizen of the
Press Assolation Meeting.
There is nothing that educates more
rapidly than travel backed up with
keen observation and a retentive mem-
ory. The Florida Press Association
meetings at different points in the
State are great educators, for it en-
ables the editor to see the different
sections of the State, to become ac-
quainted with the inhabitants, and to
find out that there are great towns,
good people, and good editors outside
of the circle that they designated as
their "territory." The visit to Ft. My-
ers was a revelation to many of the
members. They had all read Brother
Stout's and Brother Isaac's description
of what Ft. Myers could boast of, but
it did not leave much impression on
their minds. When they walked the
streets of Ft. Myers or took a carriage
ride through the country, and saw the
oranges hanging on the trees, inhaled
the fragrance of the orange blossoms
which told of the coming crop, and
looked on the many tropical trees and
plants in full vigor, the whole made an
impression that will not soon be for-
gotten, and one which no amount of
reading could convey.
The morning of the 18th of March
found a good many editors and their
tremendous downpour of rain which
seemed determined to dampen the ar-
dor and pleasure of the editors, but no
amount of rain could do this, for with
all the rain, late hour and lack of ac-
commodation, there was a constant
flow of merriment and wit, and the
best was made of everything. Although
the wind blew and the rain came down
in torrents outside, all were serene and
happy inside, even though some of the
editors had their grips for pillows and
the tables were used as mattresses on
which to rest their weary bodies.'
Tuesday morning the rain had abated
and hopes were entertained that a ine
day would follow, but when the St.
Lucle was well under way a strong
head wind prevailed and rain occasion-
ally came down in all styles from a
light drizzle to a perfect downpour.
The head wind changed the arriving
time of the boat so we were about
three hours late. When the steamer
arrived at Punta Rasa the party was
equally surprised to hear a boom of
welcome from Punta Hassa's biggest
guns and to see all of the buildings
beautifully decorated and with cocoa-
nut palm leaves and our national col-
ors. Editor Isaacs and others joined
the party here and helped to swell the
flow of merriment.
The fr~ up the river was a plea-
ant one, but every eye was anxiously
waiting for the first glimpse of the
hospitable city. As the boat turned
the last bend, the sun was just far
enough towards the horizon to shed a
soft and pleasant light over everything,
which made the city of Ft. Myers
stand out in beauty and splendor. The
many houses and buildings all sur-
rounded by the beautiful green and
tropical foliage made a picture that de-
fies words to describe. When we ar-
rived at the wharf we found it cover-
ed with people to welcome us to the
town, and as we left the dock under
the towering bamboos and the beauti-
ful floral emblem "welcome," we felt
we were among friends. We were
soon all domiciled and spent the bal-
ance of the afternoon in looking, at
the pretty yards, beautiful shrubbery
and renewing our acquaintance with
the orange trees.
fThe evening session of the associa-
tion was greatly enjoyed by all. May-
or Lillie was very warm in his address
of welcome and turned over to our
president the keys of the city and the
hearts of the people.
We have not space to mention any
of the pleasant features of the session.
other than to say that the people of
Ft. Myers were always in evidence
with something either instructive or
humorous, or both. At the close of I
the Wednesday afternoon session the 1
editors were invited to a carriage ride
about the city and suburbs. On this I
trip we saw the orange tree unhurt by
freezes, in all its vigor of fruit and
blossom. We saw the guava growing t
almost wild, the tamarind full of ripe i
fruit (pods), the mango, alligator pear, I
and other fruits in bloom. Everything
showing that the past frost and freezes
had touched but lightly if at all this I
favored spot. A visit to Mr. Edison's a
place and laboratory was enjoyed by t
all, as there we saw one of the first
phonographs invented by Mr. Edison i
It is a large, cumbersome affair, noth- t
ing like the present light machine, ex-
cent in principle. Ft. Myers h I a gen-
ius who has invented an attachment to
Mr. Edison's phonograph which in-
creases The volume of sound so that
any of the pieces can be heard very de-
stinctly in a large room. The invention
consists of a harp of two octaves so ar-
ranged that the sound waves pas
through this harp setting in motion
cords in the same key which thus in-
creases the volume of sound.
Not satisfied with showing the groves
and gardens of Ft. Myers, this hospi-
table people arranged for an excursion
up the Caloosahatchie on Thursday.
Two steamers were chartered for the
occasion and a goodly number of My-
ers' young and so-so people went along
to open the well filled baskets and add
to the pleasure and entertainment of
the day. When the point in the river
was reached where the banks are high
and the stream narrow, orangegroves
and plantations began to appear. The
regret of this trip was that we did
not have time to visit some of the fine
groves that we could see from the
boat. At Orange Height the boat land-
ed and Mr- Goodho met the throg
with open arms. He took them to his
groves that were loaded with bloom
and let them held themselves not only
to the bloom, but to what ripe fruit
was then hanging. This was a treat
greatly enjoyed by all. To pluck a
ripe orange from a tree was something
that most of the editors had not done
for some time. On the return trip the
boat stopped at the plantation of Bev.
G. F. Raymond and Sons. Mr. Ray-
mond has some beautiful patches start-
ed and a large young grove. He
showed us one small grape fruit tree,
for which he had been offered $5 for
the fruit on it and the tree but two
years set. Mr. Raymond is working
on lines that mean success.
The return was made much quick-
et than the up trip on account of the
current, but it was late in the after-
noon before we reached our rooms, a
tired but pleased people. Ft Myers
evidently does not do things by halves.
The banquet at the Myers House was
a splendid spread, and the hundred
that sat down to the table were not
only well fed but well toasted. The
table decorations were beautiful and
the set pieces would have been a credit
to a far larger town than Ft. Myers.
or a larger hotel than the Myers. The
banquet over a speedy retreat was
made to the rooms for a few hours'
rest as the steamer left at 6 the next
morning. The following morning the
whole party was hurrying to get trap
and baggage aboard, but they all found
that some one had preceded them. On
the table was a basket for each editor,
which was full of fruit, oranges, lem-
ons, grapefruit, bananas, guava jelly,
etc. This seemed like filling to over-
flow an already full bowl, but the over-
low was greatly appreciated, and as
the ship turned her bow homeward
each felt that he had been most roy-
ally entertained, and that the occasion
would be one bright spot on their
memory for years to come and hoped
:hat Ft. Myers and her generous people
would reap a full reward for their kind--
ness and more than open hospitality.
The trip from Ft. Myers to Punta
Gorda was much more pleasant than
rom Punta Gorda to Myers, and we
arrived In time to have a short visit
:here. We found we had not. yet
reached the end. of the festivities, for
we were met at the gang plank by
:he ex-Mayor of Punta Gorda, who
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. sa
served the whole party with ice cream
and cake. Then those who on the trip
up had been thinking of feeding fish
greatly enjoyed this refreshing treat.
Indeed it was enjoyed by all.
A pressing invitation had been ex-
tended to the Association to stop at
Arcadia and spend a day. About twen-
t3. accepted the invitation, among
Whom was the writer. What we saw
S at Arcadia we will reserve for our
Reduction in Staite axes.
The Governor, Controller and Treas-
urer, have been examining the various
appropriations made by the Legisla-
ture of 1899, and estimating the in-
come from the assessment of last year,
S to ascertain what reduction, if any,
could be made In the State tax levy,
after meeting all Legislative appropria-
tions and providing sauelent surplus
to meet the expenses of the Legislature
which is to convene in April, 1901. As
a result, Governor Bloxham has, under
the authority vested in him by law,
given directions to have the State tax
proper reduced from three to two and
a half mills on the dollar, on the as-
sessment of 1900.
lorida Seed Law V id.
A Pensacola correspondent of the
Times-Union and Citizen, writes as fol-
Aa a test cae Coun9ty golleitor Park-
hill recently filed information in the
Criminal Court of this county against
W. A. D'Alemberte, charging him with
selling seeds not labeled with a guar-
anty showing where and by whom
grown, as required by an act of the
Florida Legislature of 1899.
Judge A. C. Blont took the case un-
der advisement, and has now rendered
a decision that the act is unconstitu-
tional, because it seeks to regulate in-
terstate commerce, which right the
* Constitution of the United States con-
cedes only to Congress.
COPS A3ID PRODUCTS.
Profitable Bee Business.-There is a
man in Key Largo who keeps about
125 colonies. He recently stated that
from one colony last summer, he ex-
tracted sixty-three gallons of honey,
and that he can easily average thirty
gallons per hive. He received a check
not long since for $1,200 from a New
York house, which he said was his
returns for one shipment of honey.
The trouble on the keys seemed that
after the three months flow is over,
there is little for the bees to live on
during the rest of the year, and this
man has his in two apiaries.
A New Bybrid.-On Wednesday,
Mr. Driggers sent to this office a large
ruta baga, and a curiosity of the cab-
bage family, evidently a hybrid of the
cabbage and Brussels sprouts. The
head weighed about one pound and
was composed of nineteen small but
perfect little heads matted close to-
gether. Brussels sprouts require a
colder climate than is to be found in
Florida, but this sprout of that family
seems to show that a successful cross,
suitable for Florida, might be obtained.
In large cities Brussels sprouts owing
to their delicate flavor, are in great de-
mand.-Kiesimmee Valley Gazette.
Heavy Celery Shipment. Celery
shipments this week have been quite
heavy, but the bulk of the crop will
not go into market before the middle
Beans In Banyan.-Guavas are
blooming freely at Banyan. Beans in
small quantities are being shipped.
They are selling for $6 to $7 per box.
One man here shipped seventeen box-
es one day last week.-Ex.
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
TAMAICA SORREL plants, bymail postpaid
for 25c per dozen. Good iaId plants ready
now. W PRBSTON, Atburndale. Flor-
500 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make
your choice. White and Brown legho.'s,
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff
of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cata-
logue and price list free.
5tf. E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
VILLA LA VE URSEfBTES.
Fruitland Park, Lake Co., Fa
Offers for July planting Z varieties of i and
3 year citrus buds. For good Mtock and low
prices, address. C. W. FOX, Prop.
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
Grapefruit Trees 4,500 budded. Box 271,
Orlando, Fla.. 4d
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or money
refunded. W. H. Mann. Manvlle, Fla.
PEKIN DUCKS, Black Langshans, Indian
Games. Barred, Buff and White Plymouth
Rocks. Eggs in season. Mrs. W. H. MANN,
Mannville, Fla. 4z16
EGGS POR HATCHING-FSilver Laced Wy-
andottes. Brown Leghorns. 15 for $1.00. 30
for t1.75. 40 for .00. W. P. WOODWOBTH,
I)isston City. Fla 4tf
SBA SHELLS-Beautiful Shells from the
Gulf coast. A sample lot of 12, all different,
for 25c, postpaid. W. P. WOODWORTH,
Disston City. Fla. 4tf
FOR SALB-A few trios of Buff Plymouth
Rocks; also eggs from two yards, not re-
at ed. Mrs. F. R HASKINS, Mannville, Fla-
WE HAVE complete list American
Manufacturers. Can buy for you ast low-
est prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
gines, boilers, incubators, windmills, or
anything wanted. Correspondence solic-
American Trades Agency,
Jacksonville, Fla. 6tf
OUR VELVET BEAN HULLER is in
Arrangements are perfected for loin
your work promptly: our capacity be-
ing twenty bushels an hour. Get your
beans in early and we will store them
for you free of charge. Our charge for
pulling Is but 15c. a bushel for the beans
after they are hulled, 60 pounds to the
bushel.-E. 0. PAINTER & CO., DE-
LAND. FLA. tf.
WANTED-A quantity of Wild Lemon Seed
or young nursery stock. Please write the
price to A. L. Ingerson, Lemon City, Fla.
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
HIGH CLASS trees of all best adapted sorts.
Catalogue free. G. L. Taber, Glen St. Mary
Nurseries, Glen St. Mary, Fla. 4t
FOR SALE- 100 cash. Eight acres of
high pine land near DeLand Junction; 5
acres cleared, three acres of which are
in grove, the balance of the tract is In
timber. Small house and a well on the
place. Address, T. M. H., Care Agricul-
turist. DeLand. Fla. ty
WANTED-A good man with small family to
work on fruit farm, either for share or on
Tarpon Springs, Pla.
A. M. RKICHEY.
THE U. S LIV.I STOCK BBMBEY has prov
ed most efficient in preventing and curing
Hog and Chicken Cholera and kindred dis-
cases. It iv also a fioe condition powder.
Sales are increasing If yonr dealer don't
keep it we will mailit oo you on receipt of
price, 25c per lb. Liberal discount to deal-
ers. ISAAC MORGAN. Agent, Kisslimee,
Splendid stock of
fruit trees and
plants, both tropi-
cal -and hardy; use-
ful plants, as Cam-
phor, Coffee, 8lsal,
for house or lawn,
as Palms, Bam-
boos, Orasses, Con-
ifers, Flower i n g
S shrubs, vines creep-
ers -in fact "Ev erything for house,
orchard, or lawn." Low prices. Ele-
gant catalogue for1900, free.
FOR PROFIT AND PLEASURE
Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultrr.
gHIeMT QUALITr. LOEST PRICBS.
Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,
Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
All the Standard Varieties of Orange, Lemon : 1 Grape Frita @
stock. Also a complete assortment of the best varieUes ok Peaches, Plma
Japan Persimmons, Pears, Apples, Mulberries, Fls, Pecans, Grapes,
namental trees, BNes, etc., etc., adapted for southern plantln.
The most extensive propagting es tabishment in the lower eotb.
Largest and most complete catalogue published in the Bouth, listing a
complete line of nr ry stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon applea-
THE GRIFFIN BROS. CO. ""WAV W.
City Omce and Orolunds, U Maim St.
Farmers' Attention I
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
GEOUGIA WfOW B.
and everything in (rove amd Fasm Implsmenfs and Bupplie
Poultry Netting aWS '?A Cmma Bicycdr
CARRARA PAINT, LOR PIPS, OXX10JM AlD PURE
WRIrTB P. "PAuS
OEO. H. PERNALD, Seanfr, Florlda.
I.95* S eccecccec..e~ecee~ccceccccccee
FREIGHT PU PAID ON TREBS.
Btrietly hb -olass sto ck. Warranted true to nae. Free from
a Injurious insects and fungus dl mases. AItreme ma*e
800 VARM Oranaes. Pomelos. Kumquarts, Peachesm Pears.
Plms K Nuts, Grapes, Ig, Mulerries, Also oses
17 YoARS estaMished. Correspondence SoScted. Catalo.gue Ira
estimates furneishe. No Agets
G. L. Taber, Prop. GEI 8T. mAY IwNURU IM
Glen ft. Aar, a o*rfda.
OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.
PART RAIL, PART SEA.
FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.
. FROM .
FLORIDA TO NEW YORK,
BOSTON AND"" EAST.
SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, OEORGIA.
Thence via Ship, sailings from Savannah, Pour Ships each week to New York and o
to Boston, Al ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly salig sceda es.
for general information, sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or on
. H. mIIfON, Trae Ragr., WALTE M AWEHla, s Ag$,
savannah, Ga. 324 W. Bay t., Jacksonvls pla
+++++# t t++q
24 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
MAQuU uOLD DEPARTMENT.
Address a& ,-.mai-tiom to Bonsehold
Deprtmm Agruroi. La fla. M
A HELPFUL ORNIZE.
nursery H nts.
A bottle of sweet oil is a good thing
to keep for the nursery. Rubbed on a
baby's chest it will do much to relieve
a cold. Rub a little on the nose to pre-
vent it becoming stopped up and im-
peding the breathing.
There is perhaps no better remedy
for croup than the old-time spoonful
of castor oil and syrup. Mix the oil
and syrup equally and begin in time
to save calling a doctor. Repeat the
dose in an hour, or in bad cases in half
Keep a baby in the fresh air as much
as possible. But be sure he is warmly
If for any reason, however, he has
been shut in a long while, take him
out doors only a little while at a time,
till he is used to it, or he might take
Do not make the mistake of allowing
the baby to take things as they come
to toughen it.
This toughening process is to my
mind extremely unreasonable and
courts death, and also disease that
may last a lifetime.
Be especially careful in regard to di-
If baby drinks cow's milk, be sure
it is not too rich. On the other hand,
do not starve the baby. If the milk is
not very rich, feed him more often.
Do not because you have read some
rules somewhere that say "never feed
a four months old baby oftener than
every three hours," imagine you will
kill yours if you feed it every two and
a half hours.
A great many babies have such deli-
cate organs they cannot digest food
in sufficient strength and quantity to
"last" so long.
The main point is to feed him regu-
larly-as regularly as possible, only, of
Another very necessary caution is in
regard to the nursery bottles. One
hears so much about "germs," it is
frightful. But there is little danger
from microbes where proper cleanli-
ness is observed:
The bottle should be rinsed out as
soon as used; there will then be no
milk left to sour.
But in order to have them real sweet
and clean, put a pinch of pearline in
each bottle, pfter rinsing out the milk,
and fill it with clean water to
stand till needed, when the bottle
should be rinsed again.
To clean nipples wash them and
scald with quite boiling water.
What Will be Worn.
The near approach of Easter and the
bright days of spring suggest new
spring bonnets and gowns. It is hard
to predict just what the prevailing
styles in millinery will be, but it is
safe to say that from the advance hats
shown, almost any shape will be sty-
lish just so the colors are bright and
All the new spring millinery is cloud-
like and flowery. Fashionable hats for
every day wear are a mass of foliage
with one big full blown rose in the
center. Buttercups, hearts ease, dande-
lions, cowslips, marigolds and prim-
roses trim many of the new models.
Turbans and toques bid fair to be as
popular this spring as they have been
during the season just past. There is
a jaunty, dressy air about the turban
Which makes it suitable for all occa-
For the new spring gowns Venetian
cloth will be much worn, also cheviots.
Browns and greens in pale tints are
mixed effectively with white and vary-
ing shades of brown.
The Eton and bolero jackets are seen
on all spring gowns. These jackets
are now so cleverly designed that they
are becoming both to thin and stout
women. The Eton always fits closely in
the back and is made either to curve
up a litfe above the waist line or to
extend below it. The fronts turn back
in pointed reverse or have square fiat
tabs from the shoulders, or are cut so
they will cross over in double-breasted
fashion afd fastened with fancy but-
tons or frogs.
Tucks, say the dressmakers, make
the difference between the new gowns
and the old. Everything is tucked and
if there is any lack of finish It is sup-
plied by machine stitching and the ad-
dition of a bit of garniture.
It is given out that the plain black
skirt is no longer the perfectly proper
skirt for any and every silk waist. It is
now declared that there mast be
enough black about the waist to bear
some apparent relation to it. It is said
that to be strictly up-to-date a skirt
must carry out the idea of the waist.
For instance a blue and fawn-striped
silk waist is very good style with eith-
er a bluee or fawn cloth skirt, while
with black it would be ordinary. Those
who cannot follow Dame Fashion so
closely can get around ft by choosing
waists in which there Is a little black,
o0 trimming colored ones with black
velvet or lace.
They are making a very pretty pat-
tern of girdle, say four inches wide,
boned in the back. Upon the ends are
sewed two rings of brass or steel. A
narrow ribbon is sewed at the very
same point where the ring is attached
to the end of the belt. By a simple
system the narrow ribbons are drawn
through the opposite rings, making a
sort of draw string, after which the
narrow ribbons are tied in a neat bow
in front. This style of belt will be
much worn. It is adapted to the neck
in ribbons of the same color as those
used for the belt.
Necks, which were rather bulkily
dressed last season, show a tendency
toward longer lines. This is accom-
plished by dressing the shoulders plain-
ly. The neck is lengthened by the
straight, high collar or stock worn
without shoulder or yoke trimming of
any kind. The stock can depend for its
beauty upon its front bow, or knot or
ornament and upon its back treatment.
The stock still show the tendency to
point under the ears and to dip at
Very soon it will be time to begin
the spring housecleaning. Those who
have hardwood, stained or painted
floors and rugs will find it a much less
arduous undertaking than those who
have carpeted floors.
Not long ago I heard a woman say:
"If your carpets are worn do not buy
new ones. Put the money into a hard-
wood floor instead. It will cost no
more than a carpet."
She went on to say that her floors
were of soft wood, that a physician's
wife and told her how to stain and
varnish them; and she found that her
house was much more easily kept clean
than when she had carpets.
I find that other women who have
tried both ways prefer the uncarpeted
It is much cooler in summer with-
out even rugs; but if one objects to
bare floors very serviceable, inexpen-
sive rugs can be made from worn in-
They can be woven any size desired
from twelve by thirty-six inches to
four yards square. It is not necessary
that the old carpets used in making
the rugs should be all like. Indeed
they are prettier if made of two or
more carpets: provided the colors har-
monize. The weaver blends them
beautifully. For his work-cleaning
the old carpets, furnishing the warp
and weaving-he charges aBout seven-
ty-five cents a square yard for the fin-
ished rug. A rug two yards wide and
three yards long would cost $4.50. I
have such rugs that have been in con-
stant wear for five years, and they
are still good.
Rugs can be taken out doors fre-
quently and beaten and the floor,
whether of hardwood or of painted or
stained soft wood, can be easily wash-
ed and thus freed from dust.
Very few housekeepers remove the
tacks and take up carpets ofttener
than twice a year. If many pairs of
feet walk over them they will become
dusty long before six months roll
around. This is why pfiyscians tell us
carpets are unhealthful. They hold
The Newest ibb~ons for Waists.
The ribbon manufacturers have
made their spring ribbons very soft in
texture, so that the bows may be of
either one or several shades crushed
like a choux or cabbage rosettes to de-
corate the left side of the corsage or
the front of the soft belt. Taffeta is
the weave, and in the fancy lines the
hemstitched and corded effects are
rampant in one color, and with white
or any shade. All tints are light, and
in looking over a sample book straw-
bfrry red, light baby and pastel blues,
cream, black and delicate greens show
up to the exclusion of other tints.
Beautiful sashes and neckties have at
each end a flower design in velvet ef-
fect, and below this a deep silk fringe.
1 he sashes are to be worn on the left
at the front, and the ties from a collar
and bow with long ends. Ten-inch
shot taffeta ribbon, in white and colors.
will be worn in the same manner.--
March Ladies' Home Journal.
Cream Salad Dressing.
A great many people do not like sal-
ads because nearly everyone uses mus-
tard in the salad dressing, says a writ-
Sr in American Agriculturist. With us
this mustard flavor was not liked, so
we seldom made salad of any kind.
Now I have found a recipe for a cream
dressing which our family all like, and
consequently salads of different kinds
are frequently found on our table.
The foundation for this dressing can
be made in quite a large quantity and
will keep several weeks if placed in a
covered dish in a cool place. For this
foundation use the ingredients in the
following proportions: One-half cup
vinegar, one-half cup sugar, one tea-
spoon salt, one-half teaspoon black
pepper and one egg. Beat the egg in
r bowl thoroughly, without separating
the white from the yolk. Meantime,
bring the other ingredients to a boil-
ing point and pour over the egg and
beat the mixture several minutes,
N\ hen cold, it is ready for use by di-
luting with an equal quantity of whip-
N O crop can
Every blade of
Grass, every grain
of Corn, all Fruits
must have it. If
enough is supplied
you can count on a full crop-
if too little, the growth will be
Send for o books telling aB about composii of
fertilize best adapted for all crop. They cost y
GERMAN KAIJ WORKS, 93 Namau St., New YaL
ped cream-either sweet or sour. Sour
cream is just as good and sometimes
I like it better, as using with vinegar
will tun it anyway. This amount of
dressing is enough for three times us-
ing for family of three or four. For a
'large family it might be well to use
two or three eggs at a time and other
This is excellent on lettuce and cab-
bage and also on potato salad. For
potato salad for four persons, I use
the following: Six medium-sized po-
tatoes, three onions and whites of two
hard-boiled eggs, all chopped fine. In
the summer season eight or ten lettuce
leaves are a great addition to it. Mash
the yolks of the eggs in a bowl with
one teaspoon butter, one teaspoon su-
gar, and salt and pepper to taste. Add
gradually one-half cup vinegar. Add
to this three tablespoons thick creaVi,
whipped to a froth, and an equal quan-
tity of the cooked dressing. Mix thor-
oughly with the chopped vegetables
and serve cold on lettuce leaves, ir
obtainable, and garnish with hard-
boiled eggs sliced thin.
During the summer months this sal-
ad is very frequently prepared for sup-
per and then we do not have to build
fire to prepare potatoes in some other
way. Since I have used this dressing
on lettuce, the "gude mon" will eat it
in no other way. I believe it would al-
so be very nice with endive, but our
endive grew so slowly last season it
was so tough we could not use it.
OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowled-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and stricture, without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nervous Disorders, Kid-
ney and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice is more than double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
cians, readily yield to his treatmeo
Write him to-day fully about your
case. He makes no charge for consul-
tation or advice, either at his office or
by mall. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D.
25 Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.
Sharpies Cream Separatore-Profit-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 235
Addre an m allt. .st to Poultry De-
prtment. Box oa. DeLd. P1.
Hbw to Ueed for Eggs.
The rules given belo* are prepared
specially by one who has been nearly
fifty years in the poultry business, and
appear in a little book frequently is-
sued by the E. C. Stearns Company.
The author declares that if they are
followed the result will be eggs at the
lowest cost at all seasons.
1. Do not forget that each hen is an
individual; that no two hens prefer
the same food, nor eat the same quan-
tity; in fact, a flock of hens will eat
moro somo days than during others-
There is no rule or fixed quantity for
feeding, as the work must be learned
' by observation.
2. Keep the hens at work; this is
absolutely essential to -uccess. When
the hens run after you for food at all
tours of the day it denotes that they
are fed too much, and are too lazy to
work at scratching.
3. Never reed three times a day.
Feed morning and night, the morning
* meal to be rather too little than too
much. At night give a full meal.
4. After the morning meal, and at
noon if preferred, give one gill of millet
seed; scatter far and wide, or in a
litter to make them scratch and search
for the small seeds, to which both
fowls and chicks are very narilal.
5. For sixteen hens, In the morning
give one pound of cut bone with no
other food and a quantity of corn or
wheat at night for first day, say Mon-
day. The next day give one pound of
clover, scalded, in the morning, adding
a gill of linseed meal and a gil of bran,
at night give a half a pound of out
lone and pint of wheat or corn. Al-
ways scatter the grain. The third
day give a half pound of cut bone and
a pint of millet seed. scattered, in the
morning; at night a mess of cut car-
rots, turnips, or beets, half a peck,
sprinkled with a half pint of bran.
The fourth day return to Monday's
6. The proportion given above may
S e varied to advantage some time. For
aiStfce, tHe bohe may be reduced to
one-half, and cut clover or roots sub-
stituted. Wheat may be allowed one
night and corn the next; while the
buckwheat, barley and oats in place of
wheat or corn will always be desirable.
7. In summer, for hens on a range,
half a pound of cut bone to sixteen hens
at night Is all the food they require, as
they usually come up with full crops.
8. Large hens, like Brahmas, eat
more than small Leghorns, but the
main point is not to overfeed.
S 9. Weigh one or two selected hens
ei ery week. If they are increasing in
weight, reduce the grain.
10. When feeding cut bone use the
lean meat adhering thereto, but re-
more the fat whenovoe possible,
11. Cut clover and cut roots will al-
ways be found excellent substitutes for
grain; and bone, clover and roots are
the cheapest and best foods that can
Results of Improper ceding.
When fowls get too much food and
will not scratch until forced to do so,
they will not lay many eggs. Of
course It is understood that they must
have proper food. Feeding is a matter
of observation. No man can Instruct
his neighbor how to feed, as no two
focks of hens '(even sisters) eat the
same quantity of food. Even one hen
does not eat the same kind or quantity
every day, and no rule can be laid E L
down for feeding. The result of feed-
ing too much should not fall to impress
itself upon the poultrymen and farm- HELP FOR YOU
ers. If a hen is laying she naturally
converts a large share of the food into For honest treatment and a speedy cure write
eges, If sh .e not laying the surplus or go to Dr. J. Newton Hathaway whose
food is stored on the body as fat. At great reputation is a sufficient guarantee of
first the hens may lay a large number satisfactory results. Consultation ot Free.
of eggs, but if overfed then the fat ac-
cumulates faster than it can be util- P e conHacted eor Her Kidney and Uriary .""s
Need PoisonU ,,ypniii, in KdnItUs -n
ized, and after awhile they begin to terrible stages, producing copper-colored cult, Too Frequent, Bloody or Milky Urida
slacken laying. They then begin to spots on face or body, little ulcers on the all functional diseases of the Heart, l Ia
have indigestion, baggy crops, large tongue, in the mouth or throat, falling out of Liver and Stomach; also Catarrh, Euptu%
the hair or eyebrows, decay of the flesh or Rheumatism, Piles, Fistula and all Blood
livers, are subject to choking (or diff- bones, completely and forever eradicated and Skin Diseases and all Female Diseases
cult breathing), some go blind, they without the use of lnjuious drugs, leaving treated according to the latest bad bst
the system In a pure, strong and health- methods known to medical science.
lay soft-shelled eggs, want to sit (na- ftustate. Home Ta..meal By correspon-
ture's remedy for relief), and are sub- or enlarged veins, which o i dence always se-
jct to other iOeFeaeo. Sooner wP l t r atorp I!JYYY le"4 t 9 opiee oss of ul lWrite forree book just uh
sexual power; also Hydrocele, Gonorrhoa, Symptom blanK you cannot call
they reach a stage at which egg pro- Gleet, Stricture and all Private and Venereal 4. NEWTON HATHAWAY, M. D.
duction ceases because the generative Diseases and Weaknesses of men quickly Dr. Hathaway a oe.
aduted. Bryan Street, hMemn tah
organs become clogged, and then the ,/ MElTION TBS PAPB wauW WTIn o
remark occurs, "pultets are better than
hens," a remark due to the fact that as EEDI SEE
a pullet Is growing she does not fatten I *
as readily as a hen. Regarding pul- 4
lets that should be laying, something
deDends upon their age. If they begin Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gaines-
to lay before cold weather they will ville to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special inducements to pur-
keep at It, but as a rule, if they enter chasers of Seed Oats, Seed Potatoes, Velvet Beans, etc.
into the winter season before laying
they will not begin before tfe spring.
Of course all pullets are not alike. I HAVE
Some are better than others, add the
same may be said of hens. Red 80 O POUNDS -Er
combs indicate that they should soon
begin The early hatched pullets of ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE SEED
last year should be laying now if they
did not begin before winter.--Mrror & RAUD FOR DELlVfiRY.
One of the severest conflagrations Address all orders and Inquiries to
that has ever occurred in Green Cove P. F, WILSON, Jacksonville, Florida.
Springs took place Tuesday morning,
when the magnificent and commodious
Cendn hsstl was raedefd to ashes, MAL LO RY STEAMSH I P LI N E
and the Wilson brick block on the a gg . Pa. e orser Beie.
street opposite suffered considerably. Florid a To mai e closee connee-
The Clarendon was built about twenty N Y tons with steamers leave
years ago, at a cost of $10,000 and the NOW York pao u sa n:20o deam.,
furniture is estimated to cost about Phila (F. C. & P. By.)or Fernan-
$4,000. The Wilson block is the hand- l hi & berlanvd s iteamer meal
somest one in the city, and was erect- delp ia en route, or "all ral" via
Plant System at 7:45p. mn.,
ed at a cost of $12,000. The loss of the BOStOnI ar. Brunswick1U:) p. m..
passengers on arrival go-
hotel will prove a serious blow to From Brunswick direct to F ... directly aboard btesn-
Green Cove, as it has been the popular New York. er.
resort for scores of tourists for many T ar- W SAILINGiS for rh Nlooei.
yOrS aBTYS. B6UW AX.g ; LlHSM iVf MePW yfig. LEAVifo SUVASY
"y#r g D FRIDAY AS FOLLOWS-
..- S. S. RIO GRANDE ............... ........ ....... Friday, March 9.
The International Publishing Con- S. S. COLORAD,... ........ ........................Friday, March 16.
pany of Philadelphia and Chicago, RIO GRANDE .............................. ....Friday, March 28.
have just published a new and inter- S. 8. COLORADO ............................. ..Friday, March 80.
eating life of D. L. Moody. Also, SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO BRUNS\ICK, STEAMERS LEAVE PIER k
E. R., EVERY FRIDAY, 3:00 P. M.
"War in Africa," and many other ele- For general information, steamers, trains, rates, etc., apply to
BASIL GILL, A Bay street Jacksonville, Fla.
gant and useful books. The best terms H. H. Raymond, General Southern Agent, Brunsaick. Ga.,
to agents. Apply to I. Morgan, Kis- C. H. Mallory & Co.. general Agents. Pier 20F. R. and 385 Broadway., Y.
1smmee, State agent for Foria.
SEND NO MONEY SITUVEMPE'E eat a""
An interesting incident of the visit W o
cf the warships tIo this port occurred u. -
when the Spanish steamship Ernesto M Fi u s s e
was being taken out to sea by Pilot sm sesame w a~ tsi for eMsh Miles.
John H. Caro. The hour was 6:30 a. aJilV J Io in yJoHHur
i.., before the time for the daily dis- -d La eta. si$. 6 tS.
pVay 9f o91ors on the war v esyls, but oa s.umns c~ I amZ
as the steamer passed under the stern BEWARE OF IJITATIONaS %r= ..*. r|
of the New York, Captain Ormacchea m U5V S 555W Veral m 5a. iI
em kiw = 0 a.lest eand lees ar e
of the Ernesto ordered the customary i-3 I ts R w m v.s,- e m112021
salute to be given. In an instant a THE eBU DIOK 5. 5a
nan was seen hasteoning aft on the o muWWswu a WAS TT
New York's deck, her flag was quickly SI 4i MOLID QUARTER SAWED OAK
displayed and the Spaniard's salute i[ lu s, one mmtraon how ma ne s se,
pingfrom tobeusedssaseter Uslaor s
was returned in the usual manner of a t fui w table sad bas tip f -tis i
Addle from, -ave -add. -1 a
dipping the colors.-Pensacola News. deL amd LtalOt i aa h,t 'eSt leke a me a dmrp.k, m 4
teTs.b etean adjastsbl tresdAlegpuln. Sj Inr if
b peatire fearn mo 4 5Slf t 1r
ea.ttie w1bo in der, beaiTings. f r
Quite a number of mills are already I Provedloom ou i
in operation along the line-at Hil- i5j 6
liardville, Arran, Sopchoppy, MacIn- 5an ddoets rm a l -
tyre-and before long at the present .2 h ...OTNI e uajgr a tm i'e.
rate it will be Impossible to get beyond tand then itf o naes ar u B t
the sound of steam whistles along that mj I~_st-:"w ii ra o tsa ?r i& Co. we c r k . a
road.-Tsllabasseean. AIt-M SEARS, ROEBUCK & CO. (Inc.) Chliag, L
m THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
It all happened years ago, but the
memory of it is as fresh and strong as
if it had all occurred but yesterday,
and many a good laugh have I had as
I recall that Eater morning. We had
taken a brief spring vacation, a friend
and myself, to experience for ourselves
what we had long read of and heard
of the joys of sugaring. And that is
how we chanced to be up in the little
hill town of Worthington at Easter
time. We had planned to return home
the Saturday before Easter, but finally
yielded to the persuasions of our host
and hostess, Mr. and Mrs. Berwick,
and decided to remain over until Mon-
day. And this decision settled the fate
of Mrs. Berwick's Easter hat.
It was in part due to the hLt that
we agreed to stay over, for ifroum th
moment of our arrival Mrs. Berwick's
hat was the subject of much good na-
tured banter and many jests. The fact
is we had brought up the hat from the
city with us. The Berkshire hills af-
fording a limited choice of millinery,
Mrs. Berwich had written my mother
to buy her a hat in time for Easter,
giving her a few specific directions, but
trusting largely to my mother's good
taste. The letter wound up thus: "I
want a hat that will show the natives
what an Eastoe hat in. Mpe. KRowlokl
was city bred and was living in the
country under protest. So the hat was
duly bought and intrusted to my care
for delivery and in due time Mrs. Ber-
wick was trying it on before the look-
Ing glass to a running fire of comment
and chaff. It certainly was a beauty,
a dainty creation from New York and
most becoming to our hostess, although
we pretended to find all manner of
faults with it. So it came about that
one of the inducements held out to us
to remain over Sunday was the privil-
ege of accompanying Mrs. Berwick
and her hat to church. We accepted and
plans were immediately laid for the
As I have said the season was late.
There had been much snow that winter
and now, the last of March, there was
still huge drifts and roads were in a
terrible condition. It was therefore
with a.Justifiable degree of doubt that
Mr. Berwick finally consented to Mrs.
Berwick's suggestion that we attend
servcie at the little meeting house on
thL tip top of Porl hill, the highest
point in Massachusetts, rather than at
the Worthingon church, some miles
nearer. Of course the city innocents
loyally supportetd Mrs. Berwick's plea
and the majority ruled despite many a
protest from Mr. Berwick. But we
knew not what we did. And then there
was that hat. Worthington could bow
down before that hat any time; it
Should tale Peru Dy storm ft,.
Easter morning dawned bright and
beautiful and we were early astir, for
the ride was a long one at best and we
were beginning to suspect a hard one.
Mr. Berwick harnessed old Jerry, a
sober, sedate old family pet, out of
whom the interminable hills had long
since taken any coltish friskiness he
may have had, and presently the open
democrat was at the door. While the
rest of us were getting in Mr. Berwick
disappeared. Soon we saw him coming,
carefully carrying a five-quart pall.
"For goodnes Bake, John, what have
you got there!" exclaimed Mrs. Ber-
wick. Mr. Berwick handed the pall to
me and it was heavy. "We go past Abe
Hopkins's place," said he, "and I want
him to try my syrup. Promised him
I'd bring some over the first chance I
had, and now's the chance."
I have said the roads were bad, how
bad only a hill farmer can know. In
places the roads were so gullied that
we were forced to get out in the mud
while Mrs. Berwick skillfully piloted
Jerry and the wagon across. Twice
we took to the fields through openings
in the fences made for the purpose in
order to get around huge drifts. Pro-
gress was slow. Occasionally the road
pitched sharply down 1ll and the
brake with which the democrat was
fitted was all that made descent pos-
sible, but for the most part it was up,
up, up; it seemed as if we would nev-
e' stop climbing. The Sunday morn-
ing shine disappeared early, for up the
steepest parts all save Mrs. Berwick
walked, and the mud, sticky, slippery
Berkshire clay, it was awful. The day
was warm and the clay was soft, but
it blew as only on those hill tops it can
blow. It has always been a marvel to
me that they do not have to anchor
their roofs up there as they do in
Switzerland. Mrs. Berwick started
wiLI the new hat where it belonged,
crowning her bewitchingly pretty face,
but alas! the wind whooped and howl-
ed and played hyde and seek among its
flowers and ribbons and threatened to
ruthlessly destroy'this dainty bit of
millinery, so that Mrs. Berwick tied a
scarf over her head and carried the hat
in her lap while we chaffed her unmer-
At length the little Peru meeting
house was outlined against the sky; it
seemed scarce a haf mile distant, but
Mrs. Berwick assured us that we still
had two miles of hard climbing, the
hardest of the trip. The road certainly
did not improve but the goal was in
sight and there was every prospects of
our being in time for service.
Then there loomed up a huge gleam-
ing, dazzling barrier, a tremendous
drift. As before we took to the fields
ana when we again struck the road,
congratulated each other on the sur-
mounting of what was probably the
last of our series of difficulties. But it
is the little things of this life that are
often the greatest amount. Just above
the drift on the steepest part of the
grade was an innocent looking little
gully, a very small gully. It promised
nothing worse than one more jolt. Old
Jerry stepped over it, the forward
whcel struck Into it. and then-well.
after that things happened at a rate
that left no vivid impression of details.
The king bolt, weakened by the long
strain, snapped as the wheels struck
the gully. Old Jerry, startled at the
crash, started forward suddenly with
the forward wheels, pulling Mr. Ber-
wick, who fortunately had a tight hold
on the reins over the dashboard. But
the rest os uno Oh, the memory of that
Of course with the departure of the
forward wheels we were all pitched
sharply forward, and then while we
struggled to untangle ourselves we
started down hill at a velocity that
threatened dire destruction. To this
day I bless that snow drift. Rushing
down the hill backwards we struck the
drift fairly in the middle and such was
our speed that the body of the wagon
was thrown completely over with the
three of us struggling underneath. For-
tunately the sngw was soft, otherwise
we could hardly have escaped serious
injury. As it was, when we had strug-
gled out from the smothering snow
and taken account of damages, We
found nothing more serious than a few
bruises and scratches. Mr. Berwick,
who had tied Jerry to a neighboring
tree, had come manfully to our rescue.
SHe was unhurt, save from his dignity,
but his Sunday clothes were a sight.
Suddenly Mrs. Berwick bethought
I her of her hat. "My hat! my hat!" she
cried. "Who has seen my hat?" We
Began to search at once. The wagon
Body was removed and we plunged in-
to the depths of that drift. Mr. Ber-
wick's foot struck something hard and
I 'saw a comical look of dismay pass
over his face. He dug in cautiously
and then brought out the syrup pale.
Needless 'to say the syrup was not
there, but it was full nevertheless,
and it contained-Mrs. Berwick's hat,
such a sight as that hat was! Syrup
dripped from every point of ribbon
and draggled feather. It oozed
through the delicate straw. In fact
the hat was the most pitiful wreck
that could be imagined. The cover of
the pail had evidently forced off when
we first struck, and then in the strug-
gle in the snow some one had forced
the pail down over the hat.
There iere tears in Mrs. Berwick's
eyes as she viewed the wreck, and yet
for the life of her she could not help
but laugh, and as for the rest of us
we laughed until our sides ached. "I
don't care," said she. "I said from the
first that that was the sweetest hat
in Berkshire county." "it certainly is
now," remarked Mr. Berwick, dryly.
By this time we had begun to appre-
ciate our own troubles, for save Mr.
Berwick not one of us had escaped
more O less a syrup D ata, and It was a
sorry looking party that finally accept-
ed the hospitality of Mr. Hopkins and
cleaned up and made repairs, while
Mr. Berwick arranged for another wag-
on to take us home. Since then Mrs.
Berwick has had other Easter hats,
but I suspect she still mourns the one
that never got to church.-Ex.
Peas With Corn.
My first experience in planting peas
with corn was in 1885. About thirty
acres of corn were planted on very thin
land in rows six feet apart. The ground
was kept as level as possible and when
about half through cultivating the
corn, the peas were drilled in, using
about one-half bushel of seed per acre.
At the last plowing the peas had a
good start and were perhaps a foot
hilrli This made a most excellent crop
of both seeds and vines. The same
season another field was planted in
corn. the rows being four and one-
half feet apart. At the last plowing,
when the corn was about shoulder high
peas were sown by hand between the
corn rows. The peas were so badly
shaded by the corn that they did not
amount to much. Another method was
observed by the writer two years ago.
This was planting the corn and peas
at the same time and in the same row,
following the corn drill with the pea
drill. The result of this was that by
the time the corn was in roasting ear
the peas had almvot covered it up and
in one field that I saw, no corn was to
be seen, only the elbows of the stalks
where the peas had broken the tops
over. I think the proper way to grow
peas is to plant them alone. To get
the best results they should be sown
during the latter part of May, on land
prepared as well as if for corn, using
one and one-fourth bushels of seed per
acre. They can be harvested the latter
part of August and hogs anu calves
turned in to pick up the waste, then
tne ground is in the best possible con-
Gave Her New Life.
Weak anm Weary Woman aB.ste
to Health and strength by Dr.
Wnlamu Ptak Pllst fr
Mr. Minnie E. Kennedy, of No. 4 Holden
Place, Dorchester, Mas., is a lady who has
suffered greatly from debility, but who is
now in perfect health as a result of the
faithful use of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for
Pale People. She is enthusiastic in her
praie of the remedy and will gladly tell
ethenr tekig formation in regad to the
pills jut what they have done for her.
Mrs. Kennedy, in a recent interview,
"About six months ago I was completely
run down and miserable. I felt as tired and
worn out in the morning as I would just
a er hardday'swork. I am a dresmaker,
and when I re-
turned to my
home a night
Ia and lifeless
that I had to
\e tire inmmedi-
supper. I lost
ady who was
Her Worke a Ie the ame e
ablishment where I work told me about the
good Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale Pe-
ple had done her, but I had lost faith in
medicine, and it was not until she had been
talking to me about the pills for weeks that
I derJid io try them.
It may em like exaggeration when I
ay that had taken them but three days
when I notieed an improvement. It was
slight but till a improvement. I was
troubled with indigestion, and after I had
eaten my luncheon the distress would I"
for two hours. On the third day I noticed
thM th1 diii pI i if ukth qIuth
and it was not long before there was aone at
all. It was but ew week after wen y
friends began to remark upon my improved
appearance. I gained flesh, my natural
color came back and the weared expression
about the eyes entirely disappeared. I on-
tinned the medicine until I had taken four
boxes and I can now my that I am in per.
feet health. I have no more headaches and
sa more wMalkt, (htsla t IDf. WWlIm'
Pink Pills for Pale People." .
MaM MnNiB E. KmnruDT.
Sworn tobeforemethis 29th day of A1t,
t0.- WnV-Low A. WYIKOw,
usi of tU bI r
All the elemete netmary to give new
life and rihnes to the blood an rt
shattered nerves ar contained, in a en-
densed form, in Dr. Williams' Pink Pill
for Pale People. At druggists or direct from
Dr. Williams Medicine Company, Schemes
tady, N. Y., D0 cents per box, or sia boase
edition for wheat.-W. A. Chambers in
3oX to Namk Pywr 'Wt Tre. r 'wTbl.
A curious but successful way of
dwarfing plants for table decoration is
to take an orange, and, having cut a
small hole in the peel, to remove all
pulp and Juice, fill the skin thus
empties with some cocoanut fiber, fine
moss and charcoal, just stiffened with
a little loam. In the center of this put
an acorn, date stone, or the seed or
kernel of any tree that it Il proposed
to obtain a dwarf from. Place the or-
ance peel In a tumbler or vase in a win.
dow and moisten the contents occa-
slonally with a little water through
the hole in the peel and sprinkle the
surface with fine wood ashes, In due
time the tree will push up its stem
through the compost and its roots
through the orange peel. The roots
must then be cut flush with the peel.
and the process repeated frequently
for some time. The stem of the tree
will assume a stunted gnarled appear-
ance, kiakng it look like an old tree
When the ends of the roots are cut
for the last time the orange peel,
which, curiously enough, does not rot,
may be painted black and varnished.
-N. Y. Advertiser.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 27
PUNC Am 3OII OUL
In Newton, Mass., the public schools
are closed on stormy days, but as it
devolves upon the superintendent to
doeteaml wihat contitutco a "btiorn
day," the pupils frequently have no
means of knowing whether or not
school will "keep" when the weather
is threatening. Arrangements have
now been made whereby the Boston
weather bureau will send a forecast
to Newton each morning, and upon the
receipt of the same signal nags will l b
hoisted over the schoolhouses for the
guidance of the pupils.
A new currency has been introduced
into Austria-Hungary. The Austrian
florin has disappeared and with it also
the kreumer, of which there were 100
in a florin. The new unit is called the
krone (crown), and it equals half a
florin. One crown contains 100 heller,
and the latter therefore equals half a
A girl in Germantown, Pa., has an
"unlucky room." No one can enter it
without walking under a small ladder.
The mirror is cracked, and peacock
feathers are strewn about in profusion.
Directly over the girl's bed is suspend-
ed an umbrella which is never closed.
There are thirteen articles of furniture
in the room, and on the walls are hung
thirteen pictures. The girl wears no
jewelry except opals.
'At the Redhill railway station a pas-
senger recently came to the station
master in great grief, saying that her
httle pet dog had been left by accident
on the platform a sigtlaatt and WOUld
likely be either crushed by a locomo-
tive or lost. The courteous official tel-
ephoned through respecting the poodle,
and the answer came immediately that
a dog of that description had just been
brought into the police station. The
receiver was put to the dog's ear, and
the lady was asked tq speak to It.
She did so. The effect was electrical.
The dog barked a cordial recognition
of the voice and by its antics expressed
a great desire to jump into the appear&
tus and traverse the wire in order to
get to its mistress all the sooner.-
Birmingham (Bagland) Marl.
A tran -9lock waS nade ddrlag
the last century for a French noble-
man. The dial was horlsontal, and the
figures, being hollow, were filled with
different sweets or spices. Thus, run-
ning his finger along the hand, by
tasting, the owner could tell the hour
without a light.
S Speaker Henderson does not use the
tlowoon gaoiv uat was prgen00e wt
him by his friends in Iowa recently.
7'he confusion in the house makes it
necessary for the speaker to use a
more substantial weapon. Speaker
Reed used a large ivory hammer with
a strong handle and pounded so hard
that the top of the desk was reduced
to slivers about every three months
and had to be replaced by an oaken
plank at least twice and sometimes
three times during the session. The
rosewood gavel, which was made by
Colonel Henderson's Iowa friends from
wood taken out of Admiral Montejo's
eagship In Manila harbor, hangs in the
speaker's room and is greatly admired.
The smallest newspaper in the world
IP published at Larissa, in Greece. It
is called He Mikra (The Little One)
make money by getting their produce
into market early. This is best accom-
plished by taking advantage of the
stimulating effect of
Nltftte of S8Mda
It forces the most rapid growth and
imparts quality, crispness, tenderness,
etc. All about it in our free book, "Food
for Plants." Ask for a copy. Address,
John A. Myers,12-Y John St., New
York. Nitratefor ale by fertilizer deal-
N16 t f me- Ifoe r W of Dksmi.
and contains just four octavo pages.
Ihe proprietor, who is a retired man,
pensioned teacher, and a peculiar char-
acter, started it as a sort of a joke, but
found that it paid well and furnished a
gratifying addition to his revenues.
It is not found at the news stalls, but
is sold by subscription only. The sub-
scribers get their money's worth, for,
although it has a tendency toward li-
bel and no is safe from its attacks, its
purity of diction and general good
taste are unimpeachable.
When a young man among the peas-
ants of Bohemia thinks he likes a girl
well enough to marry her he asks per-
mission not to court her, but to see her
trousseau. In anticipation or tis re-
quest all young women of a marriage-
able age have their trousseau-the re-
sult of years of careful spinning, weaf-
ing and embroidering-placed in a
large, painted box. The young man
opens the box and examines its con-
tents. If they are satisfactory he
makes formal application for the girl's
hand: if not. he Is at llerty to go hIls
Solar rainbows are very rare. They
depend, says Professor Lewis Swift,
of the Lowe Observatory, on the sim-
ultaneous occurrence of four distinct
events. First, it must-say in the
Middle State--occur during the three
winter months; second, it must take
place at noon; third, it must be raining
in the north, and, fourth, the sun
inuiit be shining In the south. As the
apex of the bow is low, it also requires
to see it an unobstructed horizon."
The present population of the prov-
iiicc of Tumbe. Peru. Is 58,A souls, in
sad contrast with its former prosperity,
when 100 miles of canal on either side
of the river furnished occupation to
80,000 agriculturists alone. Vestiges
of roads and aqueducts are found
throughout the country.
The county council of London, as
il r aurnceaor ou the soMe politan DOartl
of Works, is custodian of a number of
valuable documents bearing upon the
local history of the metropolis. In-
cluded in the collection are many vol-
umes of minutes of the commissioners
of sewers dating back to the reign of
Henry VIII, together with the papers
and deeds relating to important build-
ings, such as Northumberland house.
which formerly stood at Charing Cross.
These interesting documents have hith-
erto been inaccessible to the public,
but the council has now decided to
publish a selection of them In volume.
Hamburg is rapidly becoming the
largest port in the world. Within one
period of five years she doubled her
fleet of steamers. A German liner,
the Friedrick der Grosse, holds the At-
lantic record for speed. Most remark-
able of all is the progress of German
shipbuilding. In the world's returns
for 1899, which have been publish-
ed, the Vulcan Shipbuilding yard of
Btcttln takes third place in tonnage,
with an output of 65,862 tons.
A Portland, Me., man who has a son
sick in Colorado, bought two phono-
graphs, one of which he retained and
the other of which he sent West to his
son. Now the latter talks into his ma-
chine and the record is sent to his
father, Wh6 i plies i this way, which
makes a letter worth receiving, as a
record which bears a 500-word mes-
sage can be sent by mail for 5 cents.
And, best of all, the tones of the voice
are perfectly reproduced for both fath-
er and son by this form of message.
To Preserve Oranges.
The Southern California Fruit Ex-
change has been experimenting with
a new system of preserving oranges
while in process of shipment, says the
Kansas City Times. Last year expe-
riments were made with good results,
but the matter was undertaken too late
in the season for anything definite to
be determined. The question has been
taken up again this year, and early
as the orange season is, the fruit ex-
change is preparing to announce the
complete success in every particular
of its new system.,
R. R. Snowden of Los Angeles, is the
inventor, and the process consists of
fumigating the oranges with certain
gases before shipment, in order to kill
the fungas, which is the cause of the
decay. Test shipments have been made
from California to Kansaa City a4nd
upon the arrival of the cars at Kansas
City, it was found that of the natural
fruit which was united and untreated
chemically, the decay was 10 per cent.;
of the iced fruit, two per cent. was
spoiled; while of the portion that was
treated by this new process of using
gases, only 1.1 per cent. was unfit for
use. If To this be added that the cost
cf the new treatment is very much be-
low that of using ice, as is at present
done. if can readily be seen how vastly
important is the new invention. The
cost of icing a carload of oranges
across the continent is about $120,
while it has been roughly estimated
that f19 w7!_ ysr tbhe set sa the
L. H. Cochrane, an agent in Kansas
City of the Southern Cilifornia Fruit
Exchange, talked interestingly the oth-
er day of the new method. "There is
not the slightest room for doubt," he
said, "that our new chemical process
hafproved a success. Not only is the
fruit preserved better than by the use
or lue, But tIOe saving In Eoat 18 i r-
mendous. Just what the cost is, of us-
ing gases, we do not know exactly, as
there seems to be considerable secrecy
surrounding the details of the matter
mi California. But that it will revolu-
tionize the present methods of shipping
fruit there can be lictle question.
"We are expecting several more con-
signments treated by the new method
in a few days, but we are quite sure
that the results then will bear out
the experiments and the tests already
Capt. R. B. Lutterloh, the naval
stores operator south of TRallahU0ee,
has sold 26,000 acres of pine land to
North Carolina parties, who will erect
mills thereon and engage in the lum-
ber business on a large scale,
*W60 T-RADE M b
THE NEW SEED LAW..
Approved May 19, 189, makes it unlawful for
any person to sell or offer forsale any arden,
Melon or Vegetable Seed unless the same are
in packages bearing on the outside in plain
letters a guarantee certificate of when. where
and by whom the seed were grown.
Penalty not les than 165 nor more thea
J. B. Sutton, Seedsman, Ocala, Fla., sells
seed under his trade-mark, as above, bearing
the certificate required by law; besides al
seeds are tested and the certificate bears date
of test and percentage of germination. Send
to him for price list Wholesale and retail.
i|ll l itPAI jIl ltj i
TAKE THE FENOE DOWN
and retretch it where needed. It's portable.
PAGE WOVEN WIsB IFNCE C0, ADRIAN, UaC.
uer B iaal la nieu%. A&
I us the thing. It shows to a certain
which hen lays and theeg she lays. A
pedigrees poultry nothing else like t.
Ureat money maker. Poultry raisers must
use It to be successful. Don'twaste time and
mousa reaiseff nFises, usse 111 U;i!5in.l, 9I,
venilon; cull them out and keep your layers.
Agents wanted everywhere. Big profits (00
per cent.) Quickest seller out. S"nd Sc stamp
at once for Illustrated descriptive booklet
giving full information, and secure terri-
tory. Address, J. P. HECK, Lock Box 5.
LIQUID EXTRACT OP BrOKE.
Am Improvement on the smoke-bous. *s
Smoking meats in a smoke-house with all its
te : ans n 5e20s B lAl 1ks tsNI 1OaS;
gsr at s tnVai sgUta tUoi
meats is being rapidly done
awa with as farmers and
*tok raisers become better
acquainted with the clean-
Unes, safety and saving of
time that come from ui
the Liquid extract of Smoke prepare
by. Krauser & Bro., of Mlton, Pa.
The liquid i applied with a br or
a sponge and the meats can be hung in a
ret or other safe place, awayfrom
eve her four-leggedor two-leed.
i g ser's Liquid Extract of Smoke is
prepared from selected hickory wood.
It contains the same ingredients that preserve
meat when tl e weUd it bnd uader i In a
smokehouse. It improves the flavorof meat,
Is perfectly healthful and is a better safeguard
ainst iets than the old way of mokng.
he manucturer will send cirouer to ay
288 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WIT THE OKER.
"Marse Tom, what platform is you
gwlne ter run on dis year?"
"Well, I haven't formulated it yet."
The questioner was thoughtful. Then
he looked up and said:
"Mars. Tom, is dat word 'former-
lated' a vote catcher, a feel around or
a campaign sockdolager?"-Atlanta
McJigger-For goodness' sake, look
at Yallerby hoveing in his dinner! I
understood he was a dyspeptic.
Thingumbob-So he is; the worst
kind. He's burdened with an optimis-
tic appetite and a pessimistic digestion.
VICTlM OF HIS CONSTITUENTS.
"I've Just had a letter from our Con-
"What does he want?"
"He says he can't make a hit in pub-
lie life unless some of us start a lot of
political rumors for him to deny."-
THE WRONG LINE.
"It's too bad," said the condoling
friend. "I thought you were right in
line of promotion."
"No," mournfully replied the man
who had lost his Job. "I was right in
the firing line."-Chicago Tribune.
EXPLANATIONS IN ORDER.
You know Jal
bout it. The
are a slave to your work.
S worry, t he
You go about
SF ith a great
wei ht resting upon
cou. gou can't throw
o this feeling. Youa
are aslaveto your work.
Sleep fails, and you are
on the verge of nervous
What is to be done P
For fifty years it has
been lifting up the dis-
couraged, giving rest to
the overworked, and
"I shall make no apology for speak- bringing refreshing sleep
ing to you thus at length," said Sena- to the depressed.
tor Wordy. No other Sarsaparilla
"Well, why not?" demanded one of Noothe Sarsaparill
the opposltlon.-Philadelphia North approaches it. In age
American. and in cures, "Ayer's" Is
"the leader of them all."
WHY HE LAUGHS. It was old before other
"What awful rot Funsmith's jokes sarsaparillas were born.
are!" sa aseru
"Well, I cannot say that I am able $1.4s a bL.. an ILa'
to detect any merit in them, but I no- Ayer's Pills aid the ac-
tice that you laugh heartily at every tion of Ayer's Sarsapa-
one." rilla. They cure bilious-
"Laugh! I've got to laugh! Owe
him $10!"-Harlem Life. ness. 5 d. a Ln. or
*' I have used Ayer's meiicnes for
more than 40 years and have said
A MERCANTILE VIEW. from the ver start that you mde
"Posterity will appreciate me," said the best medicine in the world. I
am sure your Saapirllla saved my
"That's all right," answered Senator I am now past TO and am never
Sorghum. "But the trouble about pos- without your medicines.'
FRANK TaouAa, F.M..
terity is that it always pays the cash Jan.24, 899. Eno, Kauam,
dividend to somebody else."-Washing- 1 Wmh fi ea.te .
ton Star. If you have any complaint whatever
Sand desir e the bet medial advice you
can possibly receive, write the doctor
NOTHING DIMINUTIVE ABOUT freely. You will receive a prompt re-
ply. without cost. Address.
hs TOM. D Ra. J C. EB,R Lowell, Mass.
"They say that pugilist Tom Shar- '
key has $100,000 in a San Francisco -. a
"His name is evidently the diminu- .;; f fst m-
tive for plain money shark."--Cleve- me to refuse im hefistime? He
land Plain Dealer. might not ask me again, and you know
I mustn't let him go."
COURT AND WITNESS AGREE. The mother: "It is worth risking,
An amusing incident occurred in one my dear. for you will have the satis-
of the common pleas courts the other faction of referring to the matter ev-
day. The lawyer for the defense was cry day during your whole married
making a very lengthy cross examina- life."-Puck.
tion of an old lady when he was inter-
rupted by the judge with the remark. CONSOLATION.
"I think you have exhausted this wit- "I told the boss that when I entered
ness." his employ I was a young man. Now
"Yesa, Judge," she exclaimed, "I do I have no hair on my head or teeth in
feel very much exhausted."-Philadel- my mouth."
phia Call. "What did he say?"
"He gave me the cards of a dentist
THE WHEELMAN'S VIEW. and a wigmaker."-New York World.
Mrs. Sprocket-George, what in the
world happened to the pipe organ in FRESH TERROR.
church this morning while you were "What a peculiar exercise the new
singing that solo? recruits are going through. I mean
Mr. Sprocket (who always talks bi- that up and down motion with the
cycle)-Why, the organist was coast- arms. What is it?"
lag on easy grade with her feet off the "That's the pump exercise. It's for
pedals when she ran into some sharp use on leaky transports."-Cleveland
aetes, and the old thing punctured.- Plain Dealer.
Ohio State Journal.
ROCKS THE CAUSE.
FINE DISTINCTION. Long-"Family troubles, eh? What
'"Yo ride your wheel on Sunday, yet rock did your domestic ship split on?"
you object to my going skating on Sun- Shore--"It was the absence of 'rocks'
day. What Ia the difference?" that caused the split"New Orleans
"Well, when you ride your wheel Times-Democrat.
you are always going somewhere. iss Newrich-The Oldbloods have
When pye are skating you're not. It's some plates that have been in the fam-
Just like dancing. And you know it ily for a hundred years.
Ian't the right thing to go to a dance Mrs. Newrich-Pooh! That jest
on Sanlay."-Chicago Tribune. shows they ain't never had no servant.
A-San Francisco Chronicle.
A WORTHY OBJECT.
The daughter: "Don't you think, A' GREAT BOXER.
mamma, It's running a great risk for "That British commander in South
THE GREAT THROUGH CAR LINE.
North bound. IN EFFECT FEB. 18, 1900. Southbound
Read down. Read up.
140 I 78 138 1 3i 23 1 37 I 21 13
..... 7.1 l.3Ol 7OpILv.. ....Port Tampa........ ....Ar 8.05pI 9.40p 7.5a .......
.......7.3a 7 v .... Tampa By Hotel...........Ar 8.40 9. 7.30.......
.. 7.l5 7. E..........Ta a .... ......... a....Ar 7.30 9.0 .a.
.............. L ..... Pun. God ...... .... rll.&p .i, ;8.e p......
.... 5.30 : .30a .pLv .. ...... ..Bartow.......... ..Ar 8.30p 8.30p 7.00a.......
S9.10a l p 920pLv .. .. .. Lakeland.......... Ar 6.20p 7.50p 6.15a.....
.............. 2.p .42pLv.... ......Kiimme.. ....... ba ..... 6.24p 4.65a .......
......... p.14pLv .. .. ..Orlando .. ......Ar .......5.49p 4.3 .......
.......... ........ W inter Park..........Ar....... 5.40p 4.13a.......
.......l Lv.. .. .. .... San ford.... .. ....Ar ....... 5.10p 3.0a .......
............. 4.4p s.Oa Ar.. ... ... DeL and.... ...... Lv ....... 3.0p ...... .......
....... .......Lv........DeLand.. ... .... ..Ar....... 45p 800 .......
10.OOa 4.40p| 5.Sp .4 Lv ........Pala tka.......... .. Ar .30a 2.05p 1.06a 6.30p
10.55a 5.30p 6.38p 4.a Lv .Green Cove Springs........Ar10.41a 1.22p 12.16a .14p
11.00a 5.35p| 6.42p 3.38a Lv.. .......Magnolia. ... .... r10.36a 1.17pl2.11a 5.09p
12.10p 6.30p 7.30p 4. 0aiAr..........Jacks onvill ......... Lvi 9.40a 12.30p U.20p 4.0p
.... 7.10a ............ ... .... Port Tampa........ Ar 8.0p .....................
....... 7.35a .............. Lv.. .. Tampa Bay Hotel.... ......Ar 7.40p .....................
7.45a ... Lv.. .. .. Tam pa ........... Ar 7.30p ...............
............... Lv .... ....PuntaC orda.. ......Ar 11.25p ....... .......I.......
...... 5.30a ............. Lv ........ ..Bartow.. ........Ar 8.30p ....... ..........
....... 9.10a .............. Lv.. .. .. Lakel and .. ..... ..Ar 6.20p ....... .......|.......
....... 7,W. ,,,,,..,,,,LT... St. Pete bU rg. --- Ar 9.3p - -----. ------
....... 7.50a .............. Lv.. ....... Belle aire.. .. ....Ar 8.3p ........ .. ....
....... 11.4a ............. Lv.. ..... Leeh burg.. ........Ar 3.3p... ..
7.00a 1.25p ............ Lv.. .... ..Ocala.......... ..Ar 2.05p ....... ....... 9.25p
9.00a 3.45p .............. Ar.. .. .. ...Gaines ville.. .... ...Lv 2. .. ... 4 7.00p
7.30a 2.15p1 ...... ....... Lv.... ..Gaievil.......... Ar 1.30p ........... 8.45p
10.00a 4.40p 5.56p 2.4aILv.......... Palatka........ .. ..Ar11r.30al 2.0Sp 1.5 6.0 p
12.10pi 6.30p 7.30p 4.30p Ar.. .......Jacksonville.... .... Lvi 9.40a1l2.S0p .20p 4.00p
.............. Lv.. .. ..St. Petersburg .. ... .. ........ ...... ......
............. ........B lear.......... .
.............. Lv .. ..... b rg.. .. .. Ar 4.4p ....... .........
.............. Lv.. .. Ocala .. ........Ar 2.50p....... ....... 6.
.............. Ar........nevlle ...... Lv2.1p I 7.00p
....... ....... Lv.. .. .. G lnavil . .......Ar 1.40p...... ....... 8.
.............. Lv........ Palat .. .. Ari .25a....... ..... 6.30p
............ r.. ...... Jacksonville .. .. .. Lv 9.40a..........I 4.15a
FROM JACKSONVILLE TO JE8SUP. SAVANNAH AND CHARLESTON
Is I 2 | 34 I 32 32 38 36 14 78
Lv Jacksonville .............. I 5.00a 7.00oa 8.00al 8.00. ls.1Op 1.Sp 7.1pI ?7.4pl 7.4p
Ar Waycross........ .... I6.50 9.30al 9. 0 9.5a l.Op 3.30p 9.30pI 9.4~plU.
Ar Jessup...... .... 0al .. 8.10......10.5lall0.56a 2.45p 4.22p lU.1eplu.4op1~i.i,
Ar Savannah......... .......... 12.10p'12.15p 4.05p 5.4sp Il.59pl.....I 1.1 .
Ar Charleston........ .. ............. ......... 4.39p ....... O.0p ..............I I t.
FROM CHARLESTON, SAVANNAH AND JESSUP TO JACKSONVILLE.
I 213 I 13 35 l 35 37 I 31 3 I 15 ; ,
Lv Charleston.... ........ .......l1.1Sp. i.. l l .3OaI...n...... .... ...
Lv Savannah......... ... 2.1.......l 5.2"a| 7.40a| 9.Os5al0.40a 3.2pa 5.Oupj.......
Lv Jessup.... ............ i a.0a 6.40al 7.3a10.00a1.24a112.57p I 4.54p 6.45p.......
Lv Waycross.... .......... I 3.4al 5.0Oal 6.3Eal 8.59al10.21aI12.05p 5.55pl 8.05p 8.40p
Ar Jacksonville.... .......... 7.30al 8.30al 9.2gaill.50a 1.00pl 2.35pl 7.40pl10.0upl>i. ,u,
Jacksonville, Thomasville and Mont-
78 I 32 I 1' 23 27
7.45p 8.00alLvJacksonvllle Ar 7.30a 10.40p
10.15p 9. Ar .Waccroes ..Lv 5.10L 8 40p
12.15a 12.12p Ar Valdosta I 3.14a 6.45p
1.Fa 1.40p Ar Thomasville Lv 2.00a 5.3p
8.1 9.20plAr. Montg'ery .LvI 7.4Spll.25a
Waycross and Brunswick.
88 190 | | 87 1 89
9.50pl 7.15alLv: Waycross Arl 9.30a1 8.00p
11.30pi10.15alAr Brunswick Lvi 7.30aj 5.00p
Waycross and Albany.
891 87 I90 88
10.45pi10.10alLv. Waycross .Arl 6.45al 7.40p
3.45aa 2.10p(Ar Albany Lv[l2.01a| 3.46p
Connections made at Charleston with Atlantic Coast Line. At Savannah with
Southern Railway, Central of Georgia Railway, Ocean Steamship Company and
Merchants and Miners Transportation Company. At Jesup with Southern Rail
way. At Montgomery with Louisville and Nashville Railroad and Mobile & Ohio
Railroad. At ALbany with Central of Georgia Railway.
PLANT STEAMSHIP LINE--Steamships Mascotte and Olivette.
Mon., Thurs. and Sat..10.30p....Lv.. Port Tampa Ar..11.00a Tues., Thurs. and Sun
Tues., Fri. and Sun.... 3.00p....Ar..Key West.... Lv.. 7.00p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
Tues., Fri. and Sun..... 9.00p....Lv..Key West.... Ar.. 6.00p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
Wed., Sat. and Mon.... 6.00a....Ar..Havana...... Lv..12.30p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
Information regarding schedules, through car arrangements, reservations, etc.,
may be secured upon application to
GEORGE H. PARKHILL, City Ticket Agent, 138 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville.
B. W. WRENN, Passenger Traffic Manager, H. C. McFDDEN, Div. Pass Agt.
Savannah. Ga. Jacksonville. Fla.
Africa would make a great boxer."
."Why! the paper says that he swung
his left forward about two miles and
struck a savage blow."-Harvard Lam-
"Pa, what is the 'halo of victory?'"
"The halo of victory? Well, it is
that unbecoming smirk your mother
gets on when she has succeeded In
making you or me do something we
didn't want to do."-Indianapolis Jour-
A STAGE EFFECT.
She-Well, If you won't give me
money for a new dress I must go on
He-You have neither talent nor ex-
perience, my dear.
She-You don't want either when
you have no dress
"I want you to tell me plainly, doc-
tor," said the man with the fat gov-
ernment position, "what is the matter
"Well, sir," answered the old doctor,
leaning back in his chair and looking
at his beefy, red faced patient, "you
are suffering from underwork and over-
IN AN APARTMENT HOUSE.
Visitor-What's that racket?
Inmate-That's some fellow getting
a tooth out down stairs in the dentist's
Visitor-Sounds more as if it came
Inmate-So it does. I guess it's
Youngpop's new baby getting a tooth
in.- Philadelphia Press.
A STEP FARTHIDR.
"I'ze muzzled de dog," said Mr. Eras-
tus Pinkley. "An now I'ze waiting "
"To see If dey's winter go de ree'
o' de way an see to de puhtection o'
us human bein's. Ef dey'll fix up some
way o' muzzling er hin' feet o' er mule,
dey'll sho'ly stop er heap o' damage."
Let us give you prices on young job
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 23
Tampa threatens to have a million
lionar sugar refinery.
'Tampa still makes cigars for the
million-four new factories have re-
Another firm from the North propos-
es to come to Florida and engage in
the catfish business. These scavengers
are shipped North and are esteemed a
great delicacy. Some time tney are
canned and sold as salmon, and again
they are cured and tickle the palates
uo the down-easters as genuine cod.
Orlando is to have a wet and dry
election May 31st.
Marion countyreports an $85,000
S The tourist hotels of the State are
closing. Their seasons are short, but
they run at high pressure while they
The Jacksonvile Evening News has
The Ocala Panner has been present-
ed with the first spoke manufactured
at the spoke .and rim factory at this
* city. Indreld, it is the first hard wood
manufactured into an article of use
ty machinery in Ocala, and we hope
opens the way to very great future
possibilities. The spoke and rim fac-
tcry is now fairly under way, and is
beyond all odds the largest and most
substantial enterprise that has yet lo-
cated in our midst. It employs a large
number of hands and will lead to other
industries. The Ocala Banner hopes
the good work will go on.-Ocala Ban-
Stephen C. Lee has requested a per-
mit from the city council of Pensa-
cola to erect a building for the manu-
facture of fertilizer from fish. He
says he is only awaiting permission
in order to begin the work, and will
* install the machinery as soon as the
building is ready to receive it. He will
employ as material the refuse from the
local houses, the same being first cook-
ed by a steaming process to render it
odorless. The fish, after this cooking,
will be dried, ground and packed, and
then put upon the market. There is
Prn have been known to
gain a p dmrad r by taking
an ounce of SCOTTS EMUL-
SION. It b drane, but it often
Somehow the ounce produces
the pound it seems to start the
dig ive machinery going prop-
rey, so at the patient I able
to digest and absorb his ordinary
food, which he could not do be-
ore, and that b the way the gain
A certain amount of Ish b
necessary for health i if you have
not got It you can get it by
Ye l find &W I tW as mud in mmr
a in wk d, i i youW ae giving upo
t dM't qp bc te weatr win.
roc. mand r., all druggists
SCOTT & DOWNE, o mits, New York.
plenty ofiroom for such an industry,
and it will doubtless prove a profitable
venture for the projector, as the
product has been proved to be of the
very highest character as a fertilizer.
SThe members of the Anthony Truck-
t61' Union have a quantity of material
on the grounds, and will commence
work on their packing house right
away. It will be 115 feet long, and
will be used for cantaloupes only. The
Florida Central and Peninsular Rail-
road Company contributes $300 to be
used in its construction. Another
packing house for the use of members
of the union in packing cantaloupes
and tomatoes will be built about two
miles north of Anthony, where about
400 acres have been planted in water-
unelons, cantaloupes and tomatoes, and
the railroad company is putting in a
sde track there sufficient to accommo-
date shipments of ten cars per day.
The cigar shipnlents from Tampa
last week amounted to 469 cases,
against 410 for the same week last
year. For the year there have been
5,073 case of cigars shipped from
Tampa, and this is against 3,941, for
the corresponding period last year.
This is an increase of 1,132 cases over
last year. The shipment last week
went into thirty-two states and ter-
litories, direct from the factories here.
While superintending the work of
making excavations for the new Frie-
bele building, corner of Franklin and
Polk streets, yesterday, Contractor
Levick found an old coin in some of
the earth which was upturned. Mr.
Levick said nothing about his discov-
ery until he had taken the trouble to
have it examined by a numismatic ex-
pert. The expert informed him that
the coin was worth several hundred
dollars, but he refuses to state either
the exact amount or to exhibit the
piece of money. Several of the negro
workmen also found pieces of money,
but so far as is known, none of their
coins possess any special value. Mr.
I. evick's good luck will be pleasant
rews to his many friends.-Tampa
It has just come to the notice of the
officials interested that an entirely in-
nocent man has been confined in the
Florida State penitentiary for over
live years, with a life sentence to
st ve, unless justice is done him and
the authorities release him from his
unwarranted incarceration. Jim Beas-
leo is the name of the man. He is
well known in Tampa, where he al-
ways bore an excellent reputation.
Iteasley went from Tampa to the phos-
phate district. Shortly after his arri-
val there, one negro killed another.
The killing was done with a pistol,
which was identified as belonging to
Beasley. The principal was arrested,
oad Beasley was also held for trial,
charged with being an accessory be-
fore the fact.-Tampa Tribune.
Letters patent were granted Monday
for the incorporation of the Iseman-
Skinner Company, of Jacksonville,
with a capital of $15,000 to conduct
a wholesale and retail grocery busi-
ness, deal in real and personal prop-
erty etc. The incorporators are Sol
Iseman, J. O. Skinner and C. J. Pierce.
The lumber business is looking up in
this section, especially along the line
of the Carrabelle, Tallahassee & Geor-
A $2,000 diamond robbery is the lat-
est sensation in Tampa. The residence
of Col. O. D. Wetherell was entered
about a week ago, and rings taken to
the estimated value of $2,000.
F EC. RAILWAY.
New Schedule Will be
Published Next Week.
SENDeUS ONE DOLLAR
Ca4uttad.... .a.ad s a. s9i.nLk .U, sras.iU UisLsW
IEIKOTXD ACU QUiNU FAUB U--AS, byatC. a6. sabU~
Iua"i. You. m= examln It t yoBr t eight dIeo
and if Jon find it exactly WueMutsd squal to o rgaas
retail S6. *l-,AtStat ue you=eve saw and
tr better than origutveAd_ others at m"reB nmy, ay
th- freight agents iae das' reM r l,
leethe 81.0, or 6 M6n, d5[ l i r aWel. a
$31.75 IS OUR SP U RI -S
THeEee AsU hge erame s hont, whic
. engred direct frome"I Maroionsmtadeioatit
beautiful appease. a -Nim5 r sawed4
nel, oantlrqe lnnihb, Ii -t __.aiedt ...i.o
GUARANTEED 25 YEAIR S .,*
Issu e w r a t t e n Ui id l n fM.-y TM s adr IU t b h*n
StOe mn s ol er MlA. T'roy imeoa ia s
no dire with o rarm tt p o utr
tae Ioblt vHerso. ttho -p fI IS"5 a "aW l "
oe seron sre w m resr- eon e
n RS*R" ArL"s.
ethersetc, hllowsa bbe -W dc'
bellows alos anm" inest hasieg
and every moetuap,.owUW5M.Ws
GUARANTEED 25 YEARL '"s WOMB
Issue wrZrpfn bindi O whisk bit
-ereeir it fter stohawua r matsd
-j wrll lrdu Ma these OM aa n w
OUMIEx AT ONIL IWT DELy.
OdR RELIAMLITY 1 9UTAKu hat ve
not dead with us sask your notgro
tan -hor (Nrn U ju"t. h(No ; or Gerstmn R sa
companyinqW)his go az e.W S Iee-e e -s..
ahiesgo, and .600gssIniourownbug
sad spi Jlso ev,-ya ig inm6, at io wswbaeisas
WINU 1" 04:80"M Pam ON
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"THE IDEAL" BRANDS
G 0- HAVE THESE. "WWS
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices.
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE.................$3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops).......... $27.o0 per ton
POTATOMAN0.00 pr tn IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.....$28.oo per ton
tDEAL POTATO MANURE.................$3o.oo per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............ $3o.oo00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER.................... $20.oo per ton
; All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .ZRR COMPANY,
n;_ o JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
--- Iv6t Brd Blood and Bone, $ 17.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, $44.00 per ton.