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 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: April 4, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00014
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text













-4


Vol. XXVII, No. 14. Whole No. 1364.


DeLand. FI., Wednesday, April 4, 190.


$2 per Annum, in Advance


On the Wlung.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
I am away from the farm these days
because of other duties, but I am all
the time interested in the crops and
grove. I think but few realse the
extent of the phosphate Industry in
Polk county.
The statement is made on good au-
thority that there Is an average of one
hundred and fifty cars a day taken out
on the fag road via Mulberry, Bone
Hill, etc. Along with hisi phosphate
Is another problem, viz., the stripping
of the country of its timber. What is
going to be the result when the turpen-
tine farms bid fair to finish what the
phosphate men leave. At Orala recent-
ly I saw a large spoke plant from the
north because they had exhausted the
aoC th=ber Nortb- Now, they
4 lhaSe bjig
hammocks will soon be bared- of their
trees. What will be the result That
is a problem that is soon to con-
front us. I believe there should be
some action taken looking to the ex-
tensive planting of trees where they
are being removed. This has been
found necemnor in Europe, and may
prove to be so here. It is worth while
to give It some thought at least.
The orange crop In the southern part
of the State bids fair to be good. A fair
bloom usually, and the best conditions
as to moisture we have had in a long
time at this season of the year. The
truck growers suffered from the cold
and now some of them complain of an
excess of rain especially where they
are on low grounds.
I am watching velvet beans with
great Interest. I've found only one man
that objected to them, and when press-
ed for a reason, said he did not want
them. I believe they bid fair to solve
one of our hard problems, that of keep-
ing our soil up. If you have never
planted them, try a few and see what
you think of them. Irving Keck.

Cu=an Notes.
Editor Florida Agriculturist:
1 take pleasure in handing you some
further notes on Cuba, made by Dr.
Wellington, than whom no one is bet-
ter qualified to understand the condi-
tioas-horticultural and agricultural-
from long years of practical work as a
Florida trait grower, and with wide ac-
quaintance with other workers in the
:leld.
.His eonucl ns are certainly not
mach as he expected to torm in regard
to citrus frits there.
They are, however, his convictions
after the most thorough examInation,
tid can be relied on. What he says
about acswva leaves that subject in


about as unpromising a shape as far
as anything in a commercial way is
concerned as is the citrus.
D. I. Pilabry.

March 21, 1900.
You asked me for more information
about Cuba, which I will try and give
you. If any one has an idea of go:ng
there to raise oranges, I should say
don't. Notwithstanding the fact tluit
there is no frost, oranges grow better
in Florida than any where else. In
some places the land is too heavy, in
others it is too rich, and there is hard-
ly one tree on the island that is he.al-
thy, and none as large as the avenge
bearing tree of Florida. One must
wait for years to learn how to raise a
healthy tree there. Die back of the
worst type is common; foot rot, scale
lt several kim, san we sAmt a
some of the troubles one has to con-
tend with. In fact, I oon't believe a
hundred acre grove will pay, although
several are trying. We shall wait and
oee how they succeed before putting
time and money into oranges there.
The panama hat, which we were pd
to think was a Cuban production is an
importation from South America, and
varies in price from one dollar to one
Hundred. The hat ot the common people
is made from the leaves of the Royal
Palm, and left unfinished at tne edges,
giving a fantastic appearance to the
wearer, especially as he usually wears
it with the front turned up. Most of
the children go without hats. In fact,
sometimes without any clothes at all.
When they can they wear shoes or
moccasins made of cow hide, hair side
out, as a protection to their feet from
stones and thorns.
In the cities the European custom of
the ladies wearing hats has almost
superseded the old time mantilla,
which latter is seldom seen excepting
on the older people or in the house.
The styles of dres share now the same
as with us, and the Butterick patterns
are sold in Havana at all the dry good
stores of any note.
The prices of nice dress goods is low-
er than in the United States, as the
duties have been and are in favor of
Europe and almost prohibitory to the
United States. Organdies. lawns, and
the lighter summer silks are most in
demand. On the Prado in Havana on
Sunday, Dec. 31st, 1890, the place was
thronged with people, some even with
fur tippets. Thermometer 60 degrees,
so that one might imagine himself in
Central park were ft not for the black
eyes and the everlasting fan which ev-
ery female, old and young, considers
as much a part of dress as shoes and
stockings.


There are thousands of chairs in the
park, which are rented to the sitters at
2 cents an evening, the one payment
entitling the person to any seat in any
park in the city. This renting of seats
is called a concession, given by Span-
ish government to some favored friend.
There are thousands of concessions,
from the boats in the harbors for pas-
sengers and freight to the sale of lot-
tery tickets on the side walk.
Sugar cane is the crop of the Island,
and it pays. From what I was told,
and from statistics furnished me, su-
gar can be raised there for two cents
a pound and the cane grower make a
good profit.
The land is rich and especially adapt-
ed to cane, replanting is not required
oftener than once in seven years and
often once in twenty. Bven the wirn
.out fields, that. hv&bqs 08laat4 t1sr
Gwo hundred -y i only to iHe
fallow for a year or two and be deeply
plowed to make them as good as
new land.
A large sugar mill is a factory of im-
mense capability, using very few men;
everything is done by machinery,
from feeding the crusher to handling
the bags of sugar.
Cane can be sold in the-field, or cut
and delivered at the mill and the
"raising of cane" to be sold as cane,
is a popular and profitable industry.
In preparing the land and tillage,
Florida has the advantage. The plow-
ing there is hard work. The soil is
thick and lumpy, and unless you have
a fine steel plow as bright as a mirror,
the mass of dirt the mould board car-
ries will use up man and team very
quickly. They plow there three times
*nd then do not leave a good job.
You have been working and experi-
menting for years and consequently
know ever so much more about cassa-
va than I do, and as for giving you any
information about the growth in the
West Indies, you have probably seen
three times as much as I have, as you
were there for that purpose solely,
while I only gave it passing observa-
tion.
You want to know all about cassava.
Then-in that I must plead ignorance,
as I never saw but little, small patches
raised for immediate use as a veget-
able. None of those large stalks that
you and I formerly raised in years
past, when we were experimenting on
fertilizers.
The roots too, as brought from the
field were rather small the best not
over two feet long.
I think for cassava (like oran-
ges and lemons), the soil is not as well
adapted for raising a large crop as the
sandy soil of Florida and that the ex-


--- ---- --


emption of frost and fertilizer sl more
than balanced by larger crops,- 1. e.,
more money can te made raising cas-
sava in South Florida than in Cuba.

The Bors' Fly Tap.
"Here is the American form of that
remarkable plant which the South Af-
rican Dutch use for catching flesh "
Prof. J. M. Macfarlane of the Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania, who made the
rn mark quoted, was making a tour ot
iabpection of the greenhouses ju back
of the botanical laboratory. As he
spoke he reached out and touched an
ddd looking potted plant, which sprout-
en tendrils in place of ordinary leaves.
lach tendril emitted a colorless vi-
edus fluid, which hung on tb-peoa*t
llke beads of sweet on a sbaintaew.
Wlen Irofear Macfarianaen to u

like this ma7lU -tie tsW-
immediately bent inward toward a
common center, with a strange hdatk-
ing motion. Then, ending nothing to
clutch, they resumed their former po-
sition.
"This is a sensitive plant," continued
professor Macfarlane. *This particu-
lar species grows in New Jersey. It is
small, as you see, but in the Tranavaal
the plants grow quite large, and the
Boers hang It up in their houses to
catch the many Insect pests that In-
habit the region. The owner then
takes it out to a trough or pall and
rinses It off. The imprisoned miles,
most of them dead, of course, are re-
leased by a good shaking in the water,
and the fly-catcher is ready for use
again. There now is a little midge
just caught in one of the fronds."
It was true. A little green fly floated
down through the air, attracted un-
doubtedly by the shining beads of li-
quor. It hovered above them a mo-
ment and then settled on one. In-
stantly it was struggling and trying to
Jerk away its legs, held tenaciously by
the treacherous juice. Perhaps it
might have succeeded, but the tendrils
reached up and closed in on it from
all sides, much as one would imagine
the death-dealing spikes of the "Iron
Maiden" closed in on the helpless
criminal of the middle ages. In a mo-
ment the midge was dead.
"These plants will go on catching
files like that until there is almost no
room for more insects," remarked Pro-
fessor Macfarlane. "A curious result
of this Is that the plant suffers with
indigestion, and has to be treated ac-
cordingly, If it is to be brought back
to its usual standard."
He walked over to another plant
and pinched It on the tip of the top-
most lea. This plant was shaped U









210 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


a miniature palm, each stem carrying
a leaf composed of rows of grass-like
blades. Almost as soon as he touched
them the first pair of blades snapped
together, then the next pair followed
suit, then the next pall, and so on
down the length of the frond. When
they had all come together the whole
frond suddenly bent at right angles
near the main trunk of the plant and
dropped downward. As soon as it
dropped the nerve force which had
been animating it was communicated
to the frond nearest to it, and that one
repeated the general performance of
the first. And so it went until nearly
the whole plant had closed up in a
manner like an umbrella. Fifteen
minutes afterward, when the irritat-
ing effects of the pinch had thoroughly
disappeared, the plant went through a
series of movements the reverse of
those just mentioned; in other words,
it slowly opened. Professor Miacfar-
lane then picked up a long tubular
glass jar and held it up to the light.
It was filled with tendrils and roots.
"Last October," he said, "I filled this
jai with water, and then, having snip-
ped off a single leaf of one of our sen-
sitive plants, I placed it, on the sur-
face of the water. The plant was one
that grows on land, that is, it was not
an aquatic species. Here is the re-
sult. Is it not remarkable?"
He lifted the leaf from the jar and
the tendril-like roots trailed after it.
When he held the leaf at arm's length
the roots nearly touched the floor. They
were four feet long.
"Those roots," said Professor Mac-
farlane, "grew down to that length
in five months; that is over three-
quarter of a foot a montT. Something
ot a prodigy, is it not?" -Er.

Brooms Manufactured by the Xen
Who Grow the Brush.
From all over the United States
come letters from men who grow
broomcorn, manufacture it into
brooms and sell them to their custom-
ers. In many cases the business is
conducted in a small way, but some
do business to the extent of hundreds
of dozens of brooms yearly. The au-
thor grows most of the brush used in
lis shops, and the following is the
method of procedure: The fields used
have raised broomcorn and berries
for years. When a field has been set
cut to raspberries, it stays to them
about five years-the adjoining field Is
planted to broomeorn for a similar pe-
riod, and the broomcorn stalks cut
from the field are used in the rows of'
berries as a mulch. This keeps down the
weeds in the berry rows and tends to
hold the moisture in the ground, which
is a very important item at the time
the fruit is ripening. The stalks rot
on the ground, and when the field of
berries is plowed the stalks add consid-
erable fertility to the soil. The field
is then planted to broomcorn, and the
field in which the broomcorn had been
rfrown while the berries were fruiting
is then set out to berry plants. The
mulch in the berry rows and the care-
ful tillage of the Broomcorn has de-
stroyed nearly all the weed seeds and
the fields are easily cared for.
The broomcorn brush is not cut until
the seed is ripe. If we were growing
the brush to put on the market for
other manufacturers to make up, we
would have to cut the brush as the
blossoms were falling-while the seed
was in a milky state. But as the qual-
ity of the brush is not injured by al-
lowing the seed to get ripe, we wait
until that time. Our brooms are most-


We used our hen houses for curing
sheds. The fowls are taught to roost
in one corner, and the balance of the
space used for building racks to hold
the brush. Care is used that the brush
is evenly and thinly distributed-else
it would burn and become discolored.
The doors and windows are left open
to afford a free circulation of air. As
soon as the seed and brush are thor-
oughly dry the houses are emptied,
the seed threshed off, and the brush
tied tightly in bundles. This keeps the
brush straight. If the fields have not
all been cut in, the houses are now
refilled with brush. We find it a good
plan to plant a part of the broomcorn
early, and then in two or three weeks
finish the planting. This gives a long-
er harvesting time, and enables us to
use the curing houses several times.
In removing the seed from the brush
we use a home-made scraper, made
from an old fanning mill. A drum
was fastened to the shaft that held
the fans. From the inside of the drum
a quantity of cut nails, not wire nails,
were driven out through th surface
of the drum. The edges of these nails
catching on the side of the straws of
the brush force the seed off. An open-
ing was made in the front of the ma-
chine through which to hold the brush
on the rapidly revolving drum. With
this machine two men and a b'y-one
man to turn the drum, one to hold on
the brush and the boy to bunch the
brush into handful and hand to the
one holding the brush on the drum-
can remove the seed from about two
acres of brush in one day.
After the brush has been seed d and


t LJ UImu.
It requires more ingenuity and down-
r.ght hard work to build up a demand
for a certain make of brooms than for
almost any other article. Brooms are
a staple article, like sugar, soap, tea.
When a person goes to a store for a
broom, he asks for "a broom." He
rarely asks for "Smith's broom," or
"The Star broom." To educate this
person to call for a certain make of
brooms is a fine art, but should be in-
dustriously cultivated by the manu-
facturer. When once the ball is set
in motion, it is easy to keep it in mo-
tion-but to start, here's a rub. Each
manufacturer should study the terri-
tory in which the brooms can be sold
to the best advantage-always remem-
bering that a home market is the best
-that is, his product can be put before
possible customers at the lowest pos-
sible cost. The nearer the market the
less the expense of reaching it.
The next step is to devise methods
of convincing the public that your par.
ticular broom is the best one, all
tilings considered, that the user of the
broom can buy. Our market is found
within forty miles of Farmington, and
costlyy among farmers and village peo-
ple. For the farmers we make a
broom '(two sizes, medium and large)
out of the brush on which the seed
has been allowed to ripen. The brush
is not as green in color as a city trade
would demand, but the straws of the
brush are tough, and wear well.
These brooms give entire satisfac-
tion to this trade. For village trade
we make a somewhat finer looking
broom out of the western grown corn
-giving preference to the brush that


ly sold to farmers, but they do not ob- bundled, it is stored overhead in orr
ject if the brooms do have a little red factory. A number of mice and rat
or yellow added to the color. The seed traps are set in order to prevent ihe
is saved and makes one of the most vermin gnawing the brush. Soon the
valuable products of the crop. If it making of the broom begins. The
is not all sold to western and south- bundles are brought down from the
enm growers, who find it pays to se- loft as required, and sorted Into three
cure seed in the north, or at least qualities, filling, wrappers and hurl.
enough to start a fresh planting, it is Two lengths are made of each quality.
fed fancy poultry. We find all kinds The putting of the waste portion of the
of fowls thrive on broomcorn seed. stalks is done with a cutting box, such
The grain is small and when thrown in as is found with all farms. This does
the litter in the scratching sheds it in- a ay with the siaer and the hull out-
duces them to search around and ex- ter. The butts of the brush are soft-
ercise in picking up the kernels. This ened by soaking them in hot water for
.s especially good for fowls that are an hour in order to make them pliable
kept confined during the winter and tough. The broom makers stand
youths. We find that the growing at their machines and "tie on"-that is,
broomcorn is also a good thing for fasten the brush to the large end of
poultry, as it affords the fowls protec- the broom handle. Afer they have
tion from the hot rays of the sun, and done their work the sewers take the
from the depredation of hawks. We broom, and placing it in the press,
have found also that broomcorn seed give it its flat shape and sew it
is a good feed for horses, cattle and through and through with stout twine,
swine, when ground with corn or oats. giving each broom three bands or
As an aid to cutting the brush, we sewings-though four or five, and even
break over two rows toward each oth- six sewings are given-depending
somewhat on the size of the broom.
er, making the bend in the stalk about somewhat on the size of the broom.
as high up as a man can reach. This The broom is then taken out of the
press, and the ends of the straw clip-
brings the tops or brush part down so press, and the ends of the straw cp-
that a person in walking through the lied off square by using the cutting
that a person in walking through the
u ely grasp the stalks that I'ox. Then the broom goes to the seed-
tu..- (;;l easily grasp the stalks that ;
are to be cut. A wide-blade knife isr and held on the revolving drum a
ud-made rather sharp. n cutting, few moments. This straightens out the
used-niade rather sharp. in cutting, s a r w s
the stroke of the knife is made away brush and removes what seed may yet
from the body. This avoids all dan- he clinging to the straw. The broom
troum thle body. This avoids all dan-
.s then placed in .a rack to dry out.
ger of injury to the person. Some mens then pla in a rack to dry out
in working hold the stalk between t After standing a few days, six of the
in working hold the stalk between the
brooms are tied together with a stout
thumb and the edge of the knife, and rooms are tied together with a stout
cord and labeled. They are then ready
sever the stem by pressing the knife to- rd and labeled. They are then ready
ward the thumb. This is dangerous, for market. You havebeen with us
wr te t b Ti I from the time we planted the seed, to
especially if the knife be very sharp.
The brush, as t s cut, is placed n the hour of getting ready for the pur-
The brush, as it is cut, is placed in
chaser of the finished broom. Now,.
gavels at the side of the rows, rlqE, h t us take you on a marketing trip.
for gathering in armfuls for the wag- Tis s t h e mos t important part
o. The brush is cured with the seed This is really the most important part
ol.. The brush is cured with the seed f the broom business. You may have
still clinging to the straws. If the of the broom business. You may have
seed was removed before curing, it produced a splendid broom, but it must
seed was removed before curing, it
I'e sold before it is of value to you.
would heat and mould and become use- e s ere f au t u
less for anything but manure. Here is where many manufacturers
less for anything but manure.


L ~-


is green in color, fine in texture, and
running mostly to hurl. We have the
name and address of the head of near-
ly every family in our section, and
once or twice each year we send them
a circular calling attention to our
brooms, and making some special com-
bination. We furnish our customers
with the Common Sense Broom Hold-
ers at cost. We also give some point
of interest to housekeepers; for in-
stance: "When a broom has become
worn aidewise, take it to the cutting
box and square the brush end. This
makes the broom almost as good as
new."
We endeavor to make sales of six to
each customer. If a customer buys
but one broom at a time, he may go
elsewhere occasionally. By selling him
e;x we hold his trade for a longer time.
You will find it pays to impress your
public that you can furnish them with
the best broom on the market, cost
considered.-Broomcorn Directory.

FORCIBLE FACTS.
One-sixth of the deaths from disease
are due to consumption. Ninety-eight
per cent. of all those who have used
Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery
lor "weak lungs," have been perfectly
and permanently cured. Cornelius
McCawley, of Leechburg, Armstrong
Co., Pa., had in all eighty-one hemor-
rhages. He says: "My doctor did all
he could for me, but could not stop
the hemorrhages, and all gave me up
to die of consumption." What doc-
tors could not do "Golden Medical Dis-
covery" did. It stopped the hemor-
rhages and cured their cause. This
's one case out of thousands. Investi-
gate the facts.
Free. Dr. Pierce's great work. The
People's Common Sense Medical Ad-
viser is sent free on receipt of stamps
to pay the cost of mailing only. Send
21 one-cent stamps for paper covered
book, or 31 stamps for cloth binding.
Address Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N.
Y.


Florida Sand.
To the erflcial observer, Florida
sand contains very little that would
excite the admiration of a farmer.
The extreme top soil is white in most
instances, but underneath it is a dark
sub-soil, which the "Cracker" knows
to be all right for every kind of citrus
fruit and tropical fruits. Strictly
speaking, Florida is not a farming
country, and, with the exception of
that portion of the State called Middle
Florida, there is very little corn, cot-
ton and other Southern crops grown;
but as a trucking and fruit growing
country we recognize no other State
as our superior, and no other section
of our State quite so good as the East
Coast
What marvelous possibilities there
are in Florida sand! No other soil re-
sponds so readily to fertilizers as does
Florida's, and none retains its original
strength longer. Sugar cane grows
luxuriantly, and Irish and sweet pota-
toes can be raised in super-abundance.
Our scrub soil is said to be the very
best for the growth of tobacco, as it
makes a thin, silky leaf, which is so
much sought after for cigar wraps.
We have smoked some of this Florida
grown tobacco and do not hesitate to
say that it has a most excellent flavor.
This soil is also eminently adapted
to the growth of cassava, a product
which is being largely used for stock
food, and also for the manufacture of
starch.
As for vegetables, anyone can grow









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 211


them who has the least knowledge of
gardening. The main trouble hereto-
fore has been that people have put
their all into orange groves without
trying to supplement their short crops
with other salable products. We are
strong advocates of orange culture;
but do not go so far as to say that we
should give our attention solely to or-
anges to the neglect of everything else.
With a soil capable of producing so
many different kinds of fruit and ve-
getables, there Is no reason why our
farmers should not make a living and
have a bank account besides.
We hope yet to see the day when
Florida will be given to three kinds
of crops that shall be considered sta-
ples, viz: Sugar cane, tobacco and


tening. It is not alone the public ut.
terances, but often the personal con-
versations with experienced men
that prove of inestimable value in
practical horticulture."

Celery Culture on Muck Lands.
For several years past the vegetable
growers of the East Coast, south of
Iake Worth have spent a great deal
of time and money in repeated at-
tempts to successfully raise celery-
that luscious table delicacy-and have
often failed in their efforts. Four
years ago, Mr. Brown of Manatee Fla.,
an experienced celery grower, and for-
merly engaged in its production in
Kalamazoo, Mich., made extensive ex-


cassava. Florida cane is said to con- periments i its producuon at Delray,
tain an unusually large per cent. of Fla, and devoted his talents to the
saccharine, and capitalists win even- task of discovering the methods of cul-
tually discover the fact and give notice ture and fertilization which would
to such discovery by erecting a large place celery among the marketable
refinery somewhere in fie confines of vegetables of the East Coast. In this
the State. Give us manufacturing es- he was aided by the Florida East
tablishments that can use our products Coast Railway Company, but his ef-
and Florida will soon show what she forts resulted in failure, and Mr.
can do in the way of producing. Some Brown declared it as his opinion cel-
are advocating cotton factories for ery could not be raised so far South.
Florida. We do not especially need These experiences disheartened many,
them; let us have such factories as can and they finally abandoned their ef-
utilize the raw material raised by our forts, but Major N. S. Boynton of
farmers, and leave the manufacture of Boynton, Fla., not being satisfied with
cotton goods to those States where cot- the conclusions arrived at by Mr.
on is more largely produced. This pol. Brown, decided to continue the expert.
icy we deemn the wisest and the best, ments himself. For two years his ef-
and will doubtless meet with the ap- forts proved unavailing, but again this
proval of nearly all our readers.- year he made the attempt, and to his
Titusville Advocate. keen satisfaction, and after the expen-


DEAFNESS CANNOT BE CURED
By local applications as they cannot
reach the diseased portion of the ear.
There is only one way to cure deafness,
and that is by constitutional remedies.
Deafness is caused by an inflamed con-
dition of thq mucus lining of the Eus-
tachian Tube. When this tube is in-
flamed you have a rumbling sound or
imperfect hearing, and when it is en-
tirely closed, deafness is the result,
and unless the inflammation can be
tfken out and this tube,restored to its
normal condition, hearing will be de-
stroyed forever; nine cases out of ten
are caused by catarrh, which is noth-
ing but an inflamed condition of the
mucus surfaces.
We will give One Hundred Dollars
for any case of deafness (caused by
catarrh) that cannot be cured by Hall's
Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars,
free P. J. CHINIEY & CO.,
Toledo, O.
Sold by druggists, 75e.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.

State Horticultural Society.
The next meeting of the Society will
be held in Jacksonville, May 1, 2, 3
and 4. In his circular to members, the
secretary says:
"The Society will vote this year up-
on the question of securing a perma-
nent meeting place 'anf a depository.
for its library, a matter of no small im-
portance,
"Later the secretary will send out
a second circular, announcing the spe-
cial attractions of the session, hotel
-rates, etc. Do not wait for that before
deciding to come this year. All consid-
erations of State patriotism and pride
in the splendid record of our society
for the instructiveness and ability of
its reports and discussions count for
little with most members. With the
great majority the argument that pre-
vails is the indisputable fact that they
receive at these meetings information
of a value far beyond the cost of at-


diture of several hundred dollars, he
at last solved the mystery, and has
been able to produce on fis muck
lands- at Boynton as fine a grade of
celery as could be desired; stalks of
uniform size, well bleached, crisp,
sweet. Mr. Boynton sent samples of
his celery to Mr. Flagler, Mr. Parrott,
Mr. Ingraham and other officials of the
Florida East Coast Railway, and its
excellence won high encomiums.
Manager Sterry of the Royal Poinciana
and the Inn, Palm eBach, secured a
sample and at once placed an order for
fifty dozen for immediate use at the
hotels, also stating that he would take
the entire output. Palm Beach green
grocers have also made considerable


their North, where railroad competition
brings down the freight rates to a
much lower figure. While tomato cul-
ture has been very profitable in the
past, and may continue to be so, it has
been evident to the larger growers
that the crops in South Florida should
be more diversified. Tomatoes should
not be the only vegetable to rely upon.
Major Boynton's successful experi-
ments in the growth of celery on the
muck lands south of Lake Worth, the
area of which is limited, has opened
the way for the production of another
staple crop more profitable than toma-
toes, and which can be grown with less
labor and attention. (?). Frosts do not
injure it, but on the contrary, are bene-
ficial to its flavor and tenderness. It
must and can be matured during the
months of February and March. A
later crop cannot be relied upon. With
celery added to the tomato crop, the
growers will be les sanxious about re-
sults. Celery is in demand and brings
good prices during the winter seasons.
In fact, it can be grown and marketed
by the time that tomato plants should,
o0 can be, if the winters in the future
continue to be backward, planted in
the open field. Hence, the celery
grounds can be set out with good,
healthy, stocky tomato plants, and thus
two crops can be raised successfully,
the same season off the same land.
Major Boynton, since he invested here
four years ago, has seen the necessity
for diversifying the crops in this sec-
tion, and has at considerable expense
made experiments along these lines.
He feels that the results obtained by
him this year in celery culture will
prove to be of greater value to the
grower here than those relating to any
other one product, in that he has open-
ed a new source of revenue for the
truckers in his town and given addit-
ional value to the muck lands between
the foot of Lake Worth and Delray
on the south, where the rich muck
lands suitable for celery lie. His suc-
cess in that direction will stimulate
other growers to raise celery on a part
of their lands, and we look for a con-
siderable acreage the coming winter.-
W. S. Taylor in Farmer and Fruit
Grower.


purchases, ana me aemana is govern-
purchases, an e eman is govern- Farmers and builders will find it to
ed by the supply, which is necessarily their advantage to write to feo. H.
limited. The experiments, entailing, their advantage to write to Ge. H.
Te es e Fernald. Sanford, Fla., for prices on
as they do, a considerable expenditure all tools, implements and builders' sup-
of money, have been conducted in a
of money, have been conducted in a plies. He is agent for the Acme Har-
modest way, but have proven abun- rows, Walter A. Wood Mowers and
rows, Walter A. Wood Mowers and
dantly successful. Major Boynton is rakes, Remington, Avery and Brinly
to be congratulated upon his enterprise Plows, Charter Oak Stoves and
and persistent continuance of experi- Ranges, Devoe's Paint and Columbia
ments after so many had failed, and g, Columbia
mnents after so many had failed, and Bicycles. He has the best equipped
to him will be accorded all due credit plumbing, steam and gas fitting estab-
for demonstrating that celery can be lishment and tin shop in South Flor-
successfully raised thus far south, ida Pumps, Columbia Bicycles, Boil-
and raised, we are pleased to testify, ers, Machinery, new and second hand
to perfection, a specialty. All inquiries promptly an-
Tomatoes, so far, have been the swered.
most reliable and most profitable crop The tall chimney of the Grant smelt-
to raise. The frosts during the past
to raise. The frosts during the past er is an object of interest to every vis-
five years, coming later each year, itor of Denver. It is by far the tallest
have made the culture of tomatoes smokestack in the United States and
and their early shipment difficult. The two rivals n the world. The
present winter has been unusually following facts will give the reader
backward, and what will be raised in ao adequate idea of the immensity of
this section cannot in any great quan- this chimney: It is 352 feet 4 inches in
tity be marketed before the middle of height. There are 1,943,000 bricks In
May, and the entire crop cannot be this immense shaft. Its weight above
picked and shipped before the middle the foundation is 12,376,500 pounds.
of June. Before that time the Miss- Its pressure at the base is 100 pounds
issippi growers will, with their fresh to the square inch, and the total wind
tomatoes, be in the market. The great pressure against it in a gale would be
difference in the freight rates cuts off 306,200 pounds. The diameter at the
the South Florida growers, and hence base is 33 feet and at the top 20 feet.-
they cannot compete with those fur- Denver Post.


A WHOLE VILLAGE
Attacked by Grip-One Family EV.
capes by Using Pe-ru-na.


,.~ .;-


WINONA, STABK CO, IND.
During the winter I and my fam-
ily of six were taken with la grippe.
The disease was very prevalent at that
time in the village where I resided,
nearly everyone being sick with it.
Our doctors treated it as best they could,
but were very unsuccessful in the treat-
ment of it. As soon as my family were
taken sick I went to the drugstore and
bought six bottles of Pe-ru-na, and we
all took it according to the directions
given on the bottle; and although our
cases seemed to be more than usually
violent in the outset, yet our recovery
was prompt, and we were all well much
sooner than those who were treated by
the regular physicians.
Many people died of this la grippe d
ing this epidemic, and few if any, we
sick so short a time as myself and
family. After we were all well we had
one bottle if Pe-ru-na left.
C. T. Hatfield.
Send for a free copy of "Winter Ca-
tarrh." This book contains lecture by
Dr Hartman on la grippe which has
attracted wide attention and has been
reported tn leading papers. Address Dr.
Hartman. Columbus. Ohio.

$1.98 aUYS A TS3 .-9IT
1 u11 iI SnYuWeaFDm" UeUwl I



it by ex C D. m abjt to ex.
Stop usce and H found perfectly wtt
rer ald frl a iITe fan i tn sdo


mtrs c neat handsome pattern,
n l l elsnai y r 0 1 ati o, a Secl
tmhre rtawIt oIl r Ipmaet wtir b sr C
roi3 M C OTlE sA U8iys' V I aT hilrbe 4 to
STeUas, rr~re -r -I s oLt M contain f-ublon
plates, tape meread full' tnti bo hwtoorder
e 8 nIta usde to wr er Tll S.EM sad. alr
sent free on applicaton. Address.
SEARS, ROEBUCK & CO. (Isc.), Chiete, IIL
IS iEA, wetk ft an i lT nd e --oninse.)


50 YEARS'
EXPERIENCE







Anyone ending a sketch and description sal
intention Ia probably patentainle. Community
lion strictlyo onfldtiSHndbookon Patents
Patent takn through nn Co
species, without d In the
Scieilfic Jluierlcm.t
A handsomely illhtrated weekly. I.-nreat pc
elation of many cientl to ur ;d. crnm as
yea; four month*. L Sold by all newdealeler
eUN Lt l&sisrow New
ftnmb AsV +..Wahigf,


P'ticu arattesi t oatpss.
Tmek. Ha, Coul Cceat
P wao iantd Coulcf aehL
Satica acti, a Guamored.
JE8EC MARDEN,
e09 S. Chalr St.
NALTIXOBJ, MD.


Western Poultry Farm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial lOc. One yr, 25c.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It Is up to date. 24 pages.
Send to day. We sell best liquid lice .tl-
er for 75 ets per gallon. Aluminum ieg
bands for poultry, 1 dos., I ndt; 5 for
Ota; SO for 9 cts; U1 for .L


I


ADg~








21n THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Growing Bames for Portumery.
The Puritan for April has an inter-
esting article on growing roses for per-
fumery, and the different processes of
extracting the expensive attar. It says:
A new and very alluring industry
it in prospect for America, not one
that has been discovered haphazzard,
but one that is being formally intro-
duced by the government, after much
experimental testing or its possibilities.
This is the growing of roses for per-
fumery.
For the purpose of gathering data
on the iubject- the De~6itmtiAit of Ag-
riculture, a few months ago, sent a
special agent to visit the Tundja valley
in Bulgaria, where the finest rose attar
is produced, and to make notes on the
industry. In that region, on the south-
ern slopes of the Balkans, immense
areas are devoted to rose growing, and
during May and June of each year
nearly every farm house is a
perfume factory. The climate there is
very much like that of the Southern
part of the United States, and climate
is the chief ingredient of success in all
-horticulture. The work, requiring no
great degree of skill or practice, andl
teing uotn light anu agrWaitile, is es-
pecially adapted for women, with boys
to help in the incidental digging and
planting. Little trouble in disposing
of the product need be anticipated, in-
asmuch as the demand for attar of
roses is always greater than the sup-
ply, and the European article is so
commonly adulterated that a nure
btruan ought to commsan redy sale.
If the government investigations
prove that the industry is for us, in the
near future large areas in the South-
ern States, as well s in California-
the latter affording wide tracts admir-
ably adapted for the purpose-will
very probably be transformed into rose
farms, not only supplying this country
with ttar, but also mtteting a large
export demand for the precious pro-
duct. On these plantations, just as in
Bulgaria to-day, girls and women will
pick the flowers each morning before-
the dew has had a chance to evaporate,
because then they have the most per-
fiiici and will fetch them to the home
factory in huge baskets, dumping them
Into copper stills that hold about half
a barrel of water each. The distilla-
tion to which the blossoms are sub-
jected Is a simple process, yielding a
rose water which is itself distilled a
second time. On top of the resulting
fluid float oily drops which are collected
with the utmost care. This is the at-
tar-the essential oil which gives the
rose petals their fragrance.
The stuff is preserved in tightly
stopped bottles of peculiar form, and
in Bulgaria it is worth from eight dol-
lars to fifteen dollars an ounce. Once
upon a time it sold for its weight in
diamonds, being a favorite luxury of
the Asiatic harem. Fortunately,
whereas most perfumery industries
require expensive apparatus, this is
not the case with the manufacture of
attar. The stills used in the Tundja
valley are of copper lined with tin, and
they cost only flrteen dollars apiece.
Experts are of the opinion that the
best policy for the American attar pro-
ducers is to make an absolutely pure
article-- quality scarcely obtainable
anywhere else in the world.
Secretary Wilson's agent was so for-
tunate as to secure a rose plant of a
special variety which up to now has
beef jealously guarded by the growers
of the Tundja valley. It is the first of
its kind that has been brought to this
country, and its notable qualities are


free blooming and intensity of odor.
Obviously, both these points are of ut-
most importance, inasmuch as strength
of perfume implies the presence of a
high percentage of the essence of oil or
attar, while, other conditions being
equal, a rose bush is profitable in pro-
portion to the number of flowers ;t
bears.
The rose plant brought from fiul-
garia was cut up into many slips, and
these were set in moist sand to acquire
roots and sprout. Next, they were
transplanted into as many "thumb
pots," and before long they have been
multiplied to such an extent that the
government will be ready to give them
away to people whs want ta g6 into
the business of perfumery manufac-
ture. It must not be imagined, how-
ever, that this newly imported rose is
anything particularly fine from a hor-
ticultural standpoint. There is nothing
especially beautiful or aristocratic
about it; for, just as the barnyard hen
is the most useful fowl when it comes
to the work of sitting on eggs, so like-
wise the best roses for attar-the ones
whose petals contain most oil-are the
lrmi--i iurauia.
The amount of attar and even its
quality vary greatly in different kinds
of roses, hence the importance of
choosing the proper sort. Some roses,
.udeed, are entirely devoid of odor,
while others have positively unpleas-
ant smells. Many tea roses, such as
the Marie Gunillot. and Triomrlhe de
Milan, are odorless. The Socrates rose
has the odor of peaches, the Souver-
alne that of melons, the Isabelle Har-
bonnauld that of violets, the Safrano
that of pinks, and the Macartnea that
of apricots. No two roses on the same
bush have exactly the same smell, it
i. said, and at different times of the
day a given flower emits slightly dif-
fereent erfuhmf Two thousand ro-
ses are required to make one drachm
of attar, and the pure stuff is very of-
fensive to the nostrils, acquiring its
delicious quality only after being di-
luted considerably.
The roses employed for attar making
in Bulgaria, as well as in the second
great seat of rose farming, in the ex-
treme southeast of France, are spring
bloomers only (though the damask
rose most used in the Tundja valley
has a brief autumnal season), and the
main periods of blossoming last about
a month. It is obvious that it a per-
petual bloomer could be found having
the requisite freedom of bloom and
yielding the proper quality and quan-
tity of oil, this would be an immense
advantage, inasmuch as it would en-
able a grower, especially in the South,
to work his plantation five or six
months in the year. The fact that no
5uh fose has been farmed in Europe
cannot be regarded as proof that one
cannot be found or developed. In-
deed, Mr. J. P. Berckmans, of Augusta,
Georgia, a very high authority, states
that the variety known as the "Glorie
de France" has the true odor of attar,
being at the same time a perpetual
bloomer. It must be admitted, how-
ever, that perpetual bloomers generally
flower less freely at any one time than
do spring bloomers.
The growing of flowers for such
purposes is an industry which ought
to appeal to women with country
homes, to whom no business is open.
Perfumery plants can be grown to.
gether with other crops, and there is
no reason why the farmer's wife and
daughters should not pick the blooms
and extract the scent bearing the oils,


Just ae nowadays they take care of the
chickens and milk the cows. Perhaps
the time may yet arrive when flower
money, like "egg money" to-day, will
be a source of private emolument to
the women folks in rural districts. Of
course, the first experiments ought to
be conducted on a small scale, with a
view to expanding operations subse-
quently in the event of success.
The government experts are strongly
inclined to the opinion that, under fa-
vorable circumstances, perfumery
making might be conducted very
proitably as a domestic lau try in
this country.
Furthermore, the success of indivi-
duals on their own farms would almiog
surely be followed by combinations.
For example, an extracting plant
might be established for the purpose of
distilling the material supplied by ad-
jacent growers. Such an enterprise
would follow the same general methods
as a creamery, and might be conduct-
ed co-operatively. Or, perhaps, it
would be better, as a modification of
this idea, to pursue a system some-
what like that followed in the pepper-
".ne b"ioFnSp a9sar which tim. mawi
vr of tile herb sends his product to a
regular distiller to oe treated., The
adaption of either of these plans would
simplify matters for the small produc-
er, though, for the matter of that, no
great difficulty or serious cost would
interferee with the carrying .on distill-
:ng operations at home.
Tit ijtiritusW of LuniUtilge i 1;5 noie
means difficult and requires no costly
apparatus. It fs a method largely used
in France for obtaining from roses and
other kinds of blossoms their essential
oils. The.purest lard is spread ov-r
sashes of glass, and upon it the petals
are placed. An affinity exists between'
the grease and the oil in the flower pet-
als, so that the latter .i absorbed by
the former, and the supply of blooms
being renewed at intervals, the lard
becomes saturated at length with the
scent. In this condition ff is called po-
made, and the next step is to soak the
scented grease in alcoh oL The latter
hav t an fialty for the flower oil euou
stronger than that possessed by the
lard, so that the sweet smelling stuff
passes out of the lard-into the spirits.
Then the spirits, several kinds being
blended together usually, are bottled
under the name of eau de cologne. The
odor obtained in this manner Is much
closer to that of the living flower than
when extracted in any other way.
Next after the rose, the plant most
seriously to be considered by women
perfume makers in this country, is the
orange tree. Plesse, In his "Art of
Perfumery," says that the leaves of
the orange yield an oil worth seventy-
five cents "per ounce; the flowers pro-
duce an attar, called neroll, worth
two dollars and ffty cents an ounce,
and the rind of the fruit gives up an
oil worth three dollars to four dollars
a pound. Moreover, the blossoms,
when subjected to the process of en-
fleurage already described, yield a po-
mado worth two dollar a pound. Ye4,
in this country, orange blossoms are
mostly thrown away, scarcely any use
being recognized for them except the
adornment of brides.
Thrifty persons who would take the
trouble to gather these wasted blooms,
spreading sheets to render the task
easier, might make a good thing out of
It, though, of course, they would re-
quire some instructon to begin with.
Orange flowers ft Southern Louisiana
are said to possess a stronger odor, and
to hold more oil, or attar, than those


THE NEW SEED LAW.
Approved May 15, i1. makes it unsawhiu for
any person to sell or offer for sale any ardeaM
.Melon or Vegetable Seed unless the same are
in packages bearing on the outside in plain
letters a guarantee certificate of when, where
and by whom the seed were grown.
Penalty not less than $25, nor more than
$100 fine.
J. 1. Sutton, Seedsman, Ocala, Fla., sells
seed under his trade-mark, ab above, bearing
the certificate required by law; beside al
seeds are tested and the certificate bears date
of test and percentage of germination. Send
'" h-,. cr iss lit Wh'iolrcls ind rs111-


YOU
YOU EP BEES?

No matter-my l6-page Bee BoLk
Tells 33ow.
Itwill ntel est and please you. I know it
will. It's free. Write today-lhe honey sea-
son's coming. J. M. Jen kre, Wetmpkha,
Alabama 1-4

"THE HECKEY NEST BOX."
Is jast the thing. It shows to a certainty
which hen lays and the egg she lays. Alo
pedigrees poultry. Nothing else like it
ret money maker. Poultry raisers must
uen it to be uceaful. Don'tL wtaa tims ur
money feeding drones, use this valuable In-
vention; cull them out and keep your layers.
Agents wanted everywhere. Big Dioflts (T0O
per cent.) Quickest seller out. Send 2e stamp
at once for illustrated descriptive booklet
giving fail information, and secure terri-
tory. Address, J. P. HBCK, Lock Box @S.
Pittsfield, Ill.

I A o i t
A QUICK CURE
FOR COUGHS
and COLDS


Pyny Pectoral
The Canadian Remedy for all

Thrmt il Lung Affitim .
- Large Bottles, 25 cents.
DAVIS & LAWRENCB C., Limited,
S Prop' Perry Dav' Pain-Killer.
N ew Terk Montantm


Eureka Harnes Oil 11 the best
preservative of new leather
and the beat renovator o1 old
leather. It ols, often, black-
ens and protest. Use

Eureka

Harness Oil
ean yr e aft rna yrir md amr
nem, and your carriage tOp, and they
will not only look better but wer
longer. Sold everywhere In cns-a
les from half pints to five gallona
NMae by7 TAIDAa OIL ttU.





THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


produced anywhere lease, and this
might be supposed to indicate except-
ional opportunities for perfumery man-
ufacture In that region.
Oil or orange peels flnap a good de-
mand, and is obtained in various ways,
the simplest being to put the rind of
the fruit into a press and squeeze them.
Another method is to rub the whole
fruit into a metal cup lined with litt'.e
spikes, the oil of the skin settling into
a hollow handle, whence finally it is
poured. The oil may be' obtained by
distillation, but when thus produced, it
is decidedly inferior, its flavor being
altered in the process. Oddly enough ,
the oil of bitter oranges is superior to
that of the sweet but the best of all it
the oil of th bFlrgat.nt 9rfft9e, which
is not easily obtained in a pure state.
It is produced exclusively in the ex-
treme south of Italy, near Reggio. One
fact worth mentioning in this connec-
tion is that Mr. E. Moulie, of la *kson-
viIIo, yFOila, who started a perfumory
farm a few years ago, has already col-
lected the oil from the rinds of up-
wards of two hundred thousau4 or-
anges and lemons, besides distilling
quantities of orange blossoms for the
precious neroll. He has also succeeded
in extracting the oil of the lemon ver.
bena, which nearly resembles that of
orange and lemon in character, but the
cost of this species of attar is so great
that it is little used by manufacturers,
imitations taking its place.
The rose and the orange are by no
means the only perfumery plants
available for perfume makRrs. There
is the violet, Which is extensively
grown for the extraction of its scent
in the south of France and also in the
neighborhood of Florence, the famous
"double Parma" being the variety pre-
ferred. Violet culture for other pur-
poses is so. highly developed In
California, where the delicate purple
blossoms are grown beneath oak trees
and in other shady places. Un-
fortunately, the expense of producing
and gathering so small a flower in
quantities is great-so much so, In-
deed, that true violet extract in a pure
state is little used, a mixture of orris
root with other ingredients taking its
place. Recently a synthetic or artific-
ial violet odor has been produced in
the chemical laboratory.
The tuberose is one of the staples of
the flower farms in southern France,
and experts of the Department of Ag-
riculture say that there is no reason to
doubt its success as a perfume plant
in Florida and other favored areas.
North Carolina no furnishes tuberose
bulbs both for this country and au-
rope. The Jessamine yields a valuable
oil-almost the only one that cannot
be imitated by a combination of other
rose genanium.
odors-and another. Is secured from the
Oil of geranium, though largely em-
ployed to adulterate attar of roses, is a
legitimate perfumery material, and is
furnished by three well known varie-
ties, one of which Is the common rose
geranium of our windows and gardens.
The plants are harvested a little before
the opening of the flowers, when the
lemon-like odor .whifh they at first pos-
sess gives place to the scent of
roses. 'They are put into the still en-
tire, rose petals being sometimes added
to improve the quality or the product.
It is declared that the alluvial fats of
Southern rivers would furnish luxur-
iant crops of these sweet scented ger-
aniums, not to mention properly select-
ed locations in California and Florida.
We import nearly four hundred


thousand dollars' worth of cologne wa-
ters every year, and in addition we buy
from abroad more than one million six
hundred thousand dollars' worth of
raw material annually for compounld-
Ing perfumery products. It appears
from these figures that the business of
making such articles in the United
States is extensive and important, less
than one-fourth of all the scent stuff
fetched from abroad being brought
over in the manufactured forms.
Meantime, the yield of the raw mate-
rials on this side of the water is ex-
ceedingly meager. Among our imporrs
enumerated in the reports of the gov-
ernment bureau of statistics, are men-
'tioned fifteen perfumery oils which are
uvasei9sl from plants ve9ly grywn in
this country. The rose, however,
claims most attention, not only because
attar of roses is first among perfumery
articles in value of Imoortation, but
also for the reason that our climate
and msill, over large areas, appear to be
highly adapted to rose growing, wh;!e
the distillation of the attar can be be-
gun without great outlay or extended
experience. Apparently, the only ques-
tion is whether the American grown
flowers will be rich enough in oil and
easily enough produced to compete
with the foreign roses.
In England roses are largely culti-
vated to make rose water. In the sea-
son when they bloom they are gathered
before the dew is off them and sent to
town in sacks to be pickled. For this
purpose the petals are separated, and
to each bIuhel of them a pound of comr
mon salt is added. The salt absorbs
the water from the petals and becomes
brine, converting the mixture into a
pasty mass, which stowed away in
casks, will keep indefinitely, for distill-
ing into rose water. But the French
rose water, which is the residuum of
the process for obtaining the attar, is
superior.
Thanks to the supply of rose pro-
ducts kept for sale at any drug store,
women may make for themselves some
ot the finest toilet preparations known.
For instance, there is Jelly of roses,
which is a delicious substance for ap-
plication to the skin and lips. To man-
ufacture it, get two ounces of pure
glycerine and half an ounce of the best
Russian Isinglass; with these mix six
ounces of rose water, and ten drops of
rose attar. The jelly thus compounded
should be kept in a t "fnil, @s a to re-
tain its freshness by excluding the air.
An excellent Maria Farina cologne
can be made by taking fourteen ounces
(,- deodorized alcohol and putting into
it four drachms of oil of lemon, one
drachm of oil of neroli, and half a
drachm of oil of lavender. Add enough
rose water to bring the mixture up to a
pint in measurement, and you have
that quantity of first rate cologne.

Farmers' Institute Program.
The following is the program of the
State Farmers' Institute, to be held
at the Florida Agricultural College,
Iake City, commencing to-day:
April 4.-Horticultural Day.-Dr. H.
E. Stockbridge, Agricultural College,
The Farmers' Institute: What and
Why; George L. Taber, president State
Horticultural Society, Glen St. Mary,
Fla., Tree Planting; T. K. Godbey,
Waldo, Fla., Peach Growing; Prof. H.
A. Gossard, Agricultural College, Re-
cent Developments of economic En-
tomology.
2 p. m.-S. H. Gaitskill, McIntosh,
Fla., Truck Growing for Northern
Markets; J. F. Mitchell, Experiment


Station, Celery Growing; H. G. Pletch- The Emin int KIdney
er, Gainesville, Fla., Strawberry Grow- and Bladder Speciallst
ing; J. 0. Trobridge, Hampton, Fla.,
A Prize Strawberry Crop.
T;3O p. m.--. Powers, agricultural
editor Times-Union and Citizen, Jack-
sonville, Fla., The Berry Crop; Prof.
HI H H Hume, Agricultural College,
Diseases of Citrus Fruits; C. K. Me-
Quarrie, secretary West Florida Agri-
cultural Society, DePuniak Springs,
Cantaloupe Growing for Market.
April 5--General Farm Day.-10 a.
m.-C. E. Mathis, Lake (ity, Mla., The
I~ watermelon Crop; Capt. R. E. Rose,
president State Agricultural Society,
Kissimmee, Fla., Sugar Production in ti BsIoermr amms wal aW t t Wlt a
Florida; W. E. Embry, Dade City Fla., Ms LUbraty.
Froaont Outlook for the Tobaeoe Crop. Thter is a dimssm pnrvallin in this
country most dangerous because so deep.
2 p. m.-Maj. G. P. Healey, Jaffry, ive. Many sudden deaths are caused by
Fla., Waste on the Farm; Dr. H. E. it-heart disease, pneumonia, heart failure
Stockbridge, Agricultural College, Cas- or apoplexy are often the result of kidney
disease. If kidney trouble Is allowed to ad-
sava Growing; T. J. Summerall, Falls, vance the kidney-poisoned blood will attack
Fia., Rice Growing; BenJ. N. Bradt, the vital organs, or the kidneys themselves
Huntington, Fla., Natural Protection broak down and waste away cell by cll
Ag t Cd. Then the richness of the blood-the albumen
Against Cold. -leaks out and the sufferer has Bright'a
7:30 p. m.-A. J. Mitchell, director Diease, the worst form of kidney trouble.
United States Weather Service for Dr. Klhmer's SwampRoot the new di.
Florida, Jacksonville, About the covery is the true specific for kidney, bladder
S J nd urinary troubles. It has curedthousand
Weather. of apparently hopeless cases, after all other
April 6-Live Stock Day;--1 a m,- efforts have failed, At drugil in fitr-lt
Capt. W. I. Vason, Tallahassee, Fa. and dollar slaes. A sample bottle sent fr
S by mall, also a book telling about Swamp-
Dairying in Florida; Maj. G. P. Hea- Root and Its wonderful cures. Address
ley, Jaffery, Fla., The Curing of Meat; Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton, N. Y. and
Prof. H. K. Miller, Agricultural Col- mention this ppr.
lege, By-Products of the Farm. a nIn a i
2 p. m.-Dr. 11. E. Stockbridge, Agri- a I W EM O d0
cultural College, Economy in Feeding; J c= Vam T a. A&S aM
Dr. C. A. Cary. professor veternary I" and. 'a
medicine, Alabama Agricultural Col- O ba and IM
lege, Diseases of Southern Cattle. o 'wS
All the subjects embraced within the -rVy.='
program will be open for general dis- ozu e w and 1- i i
cussion, in which all parties in attend- pem atm
ance are invited to take part. Most s teory, n
subjects discussed will be illustrated i
by crops and other articles pertaining Mw or hear
thereto. A question box will be pro- H M Use
vided, in which all are Invited to place
written questions of practical import- es*e
ance, which will be answered by par- I -t
ties most competent to furnish the in- TN Crder PFlh C SS ,,fr
formation desired. sal sea. = a l @
All railroads in the State will sell 'm mnelmaya'esl. t .. .n.WIth
round trip tickets for one full fare. A= Viber .me l Llwr t IA
By vote of the board of trustees of the 8 UO(Il. Fi
Florida Agricultural College, each
county in the State is entitled to one H
institute annually, supervision of
which is made a part of the regular M Ji E R
work or tho department or agriculture That will kile
of the college. all the weeds
in your lawns
WE STILL HAVE A FEW tIfyou keep
he weeds cut
Nice Satsuma oranges on Trifollata so they do not
stocks, entirely unhurt by cold. Also go to seed,
peaches, plums, grapes, etc, including and cut your
the famous James Grape. A few gss without
thousand Trifolita seedlings yet un- breaking the small feeders of roots
sold. Prices low. Freight is paid. the grass will become thick and
Summit Nurseriea. weed will disappear. Send for
Monticello, Fla. catalogue.
THE CLIPPER WILL DO ff
SArtistlo CLIPPER LAWN MIOWER 0O.
Norristown. Pa
MONUMENTS TRUSSES, f, S.25 AND UP
BXCIUT ND IN .......
TUB LATEST DBEIONS OF

Marble oeft
r m-L .t FAC011rt I ta on-t I hIrd



or cemetery and JDn enclro a linenumber inches id t e body it th
rupture, pi whether rutreis ond right or ieft
Sand we willjsnd either Mtou with the I UnLds
All work guaranteed. Prices remona .e.l s ndinumr ..tre d thb o lm i
correspond with :; :: :: w return your money. M.~ htws
,EO. R. NIOHOL8 & 00. WRITE FOR FREE TRUSS CATALOGUE at.,n aS.
06 Harrison Btreei. efte .including h. Nsew 10S.00 &a 1 5
rAuPA LOORIA ue ARS ROkEBUCK& CO.CIICAI


.a.


______


__ ____




ZI LZIL R'UILJ ALI-(KL J.. UK1 T.


The Etad Who WUIW Bsehf.
The various experiences of recent
rates," glutted markets, and the other
years, such as "cold snaps," "bright
trials that the Florida grower is heir
to, have their disadvantage, but they
also have their uses, which were nev-
er so apparent as now. They've driven
from the field the sentimentalist, who
came here, "Invested his all in an or-
ange grove," and then loafed around
among practical men, blowing about
what he had done, was then doing and
was going to do, in the way of improv-
ed fruit growing methods, until his
grub, credit and waiting powers w,:re
exhausted, then devoted himself ;o
"curling out" the country, the peqplv
and his own "luck;" the wild theorist
who devoted months to the cultivation
of one stalk of corn and when it
had attained a gigantic height and phe-
nomenal grain, sat down and figured
out how many such stalks might grow
on an acre of ground, ann sent accounts
of his mighty yield to all the papers,
with a "EowmmmBisftb ady!_in ?ye-
rybody to plant corn, as the most valu-
able crop yet tried; the foolish man
who, though industrious, had no meth-
od of his own, but tried to follow all
'ie Instructions he saw in print,
whether intended for farming in the
State of Maine, North Dakota or the
Mississippi Valley, and never could
manage to "make both ends meet,"
and that other well meaning but un-
successful man, who plants only the
things that somebody with more ex-
perience than means, greater facili-
t:es and greater area has a "sure
thing" on. These and a score or more
equally impractical people have rapid-
ly disappeared under the cold fact that
here, as elsewhere, only methodical,
unwearying, intelligent ullUCg ana en-
ergy succeed, either on the farm or in
town. Business is business, wherever
you go. But, Florida does more richly
reward business methods than the
same amount of capital, brains, energy
and persistent effort would win if in-
vested in other sections of the country.
But, no section of this whole State of-
fers the peculiar inducements that
Dale county holds out to intelligent,
industrious effort. While the cultiva-
tion of citrus fruits and early veget-
ables for profit has passed the experi-
mental stage and become a standard
branch of oney-making in this coun-
ty, it is only the first of a hundred or
more branches of industry slowly but
surely developing or to be developed
to the financial advantage of all con-
cerned. But, in these new lines, as in
those already established, pluck, ener-
gy and go, skillfully directed, will reap
the financial harvest.-Miami Metrop-
olis.

Chicken eoning.
The first chicken fence I built was
about ten feet high and the first time
a dog came along about half of the
chickens in the enclosure flew out over
my ten foot fence. They were Leg-
horne.
The next chicken fence I built was
only five feet high. It was of upright
palings. The chickens within were
Leghorns, and they staid there, but
each one of them had the flight feath-
ers of one wing cut close up to the
skin. The eight or ten long quill feath-
ers that grow between the tip end of
the wing and the bow, or middle Joint,
are the flight f-afhers. Over them,
when folded, are the king coverts, or
shorter ana softer feathers, that groWp
from the bow to the joint where the
wing Is attached to the body, and it


Is beneath the w clatgve that tle
light feathers fold up when the wing
is closed; hence, it does not disfigure
a fowl to clip her flight feathers, be-
cause they are seen only when the
wing is outspread, which is not often
in a domestic fowl. It is not advisable
to clip the flight feathers of both
wings, gs they overbalance more
quickly, in attempting to fly, than
when one wing has been so treated.
So I never build a high chicken fence
any more, because it is not safe to
trust a light weight chicken behind the
highest kind of a fence with two good
wings, unless all overhead is covered.
At this season of the year, when gar-
dening and chicken raising are under
discussion, and the question as to
which it shall be is up, or if it shall be
both, the best plan of separating the
conflicting interests is the one desired.
On the farm it is usually both, with
chances taken both ways. But If it is
desirable to fence either the garden or
the chickens, it will shorten the job
-reatly to clin one wins of eash flsri
as suggested. If this is done, the gar-
den, fenced by an ordinary paling
fence, will be quite safe from! the
grown fowls. And if, as the young
chllckens are hatched out and taken
from the nest, they are cooped as far
from the garden site as possible, so
that they will learn to range in some
other direction while young, the gar-
den can be made and pretty well ma-
tured before the youngsters-will be big
enough to do it much injury, and, per-
haps, before they will have learned
the run of it.
It is not practicable to fence the
fowls on the farm, laying stock and all,
but it is practicable to fence the gar-
den and fix the fowls so that they con-
not fly the fence.-Parm and R&nch.

CROTS AND PBRODUCors.

Good Strawberry Crop.-The straw-
berry shipping season is now at its b?.st
in this section. The late cold weather
li.ving damaged the berry crop in tl,.
middle part of the State to such an
4St*n inal sUnipping in that action
will be delayed some weeks yet, hence
the growers around Lakeland are real,-
ing a big harvest, and many dollars
from this crop. Thousands of dollars
have been brought into this vicinity
during the past two months, an1 many
more are yet to come about the middle
of April. The farmers and truckers
around Lakeland are well fixed finan-
cially, better off, in fact, than many
of those at other places, and the cause
of it is simply work, energy and push.
Nothing is deserving of success unless
it is managed in a proper way. No
one can expect to earn money, or even
a living unless they work for it. We
live in an age of toil and hiti.tl. Th6
more we work the more we have to
show for it; the less we work the more
trouble we have, more crimes are com-
mitted, and more jails are filled.-Lake-
land Sun.
Tomatoes Saved.-The tomato patch
which Alfred St. Clair-Abrams saved
from the freeze by burying was entire-
iy recovered and the vines are doing
fine and the outlook for a heavy yield
is splendid.-Tavares Herald.
Tomato Shipments. The tomato
shipments are quite good, and the mar-
ket price is also getting better, and in
consequence the growers are feeling
better. The crops that were damaged
by the cold are growing beautifully
and the yield promises to be quite
good. All indications point now to a
very profitable season after all for the


majority of the ier06er. In noe i- W HY
stances fields that looked as if the W
crops were destroyed, now look as if D J HATHAWAY
there had been no frost at all.-Miami "U Em I WMW
Metropolis. O U
The Berry Crop.-t-he Tribune was Ca
favored yesterday with an appreciative
call from Mr. W. C. Moore, one of the huaems hr His Nrvelus 8ues --
leading citizens and some enterprising l New, Fr]ee BoeL
farmers of the Dover section. Mr. Dr. Hathwaysmethod
oftreatanentisnoexperi-
Moore says that the truckers in his im- metoL Its theresult of
mediate section are enjoying better twenty years of experL-
Own in the modt extea-
times and living in more luxury than s e practice of any
ever before in the history of the State. ecialit in his lime In
theiworl. He wsgrad-
Over $40,000 has been distributed ate from one ortap
among them this spring for their hestmeodieal eofeps in
the country sod perfect-
berry crop, and yet the golden ducats edhis medslaldTurg-
nre F till coming in. Strawberries have a eauepsta ra extcm
proven one of the most profitable Early in his profeslsonal aeer e made dior-
crops that can be grown, and the peo- series which placed him at the head of his profes-
pie of this section are experts at the sion as a specialist in treating what ae generally
pie of this section are experts at theknown private esof men om
business. They enjoy the enviable re- This system of treatment he has more sad more
station of raising larger and more perfected each year until today hlis cures arens
station of raising larger and more ab to the marvel of the medal
toothsome berries than any other sec- profession.
tion of Florida, consequently the de- Ejoying the largest practie of any pecalst
in the world he stMill maintains a system of nomi-
mand for their product is enormous nal fees which makes it possible for all to obtain
And the pr!iee the hishgt h Ri, Mr. hisservices.
Dr acfeaaway orf an SMcum es raI J ViantY.
Moore said that a large acreage of V eStrtre, Bood Pisonin itsdi-
Irish potatoes was being planted this ferent stages Rheumatism, Weak Back, Nerr-
spring, and that his people anticipate a seso a manner of Urignar Cmplains
Ulcrs. Bores and Dkin Dseases, Brights Disease
big crop at fancy prices.-Tampa Tri- and allormsof Kidney Troubles. Histreatment
bune for undetoned m restores lost vitality and
makC the patiUet stroma, well, Tviorou man.
Grapefruit in lots of 50 to 100 boxes Dr. Hathaway's success in the treatment of
are still being shipped from here. Th. Variccele and tricture witot the aid of knife
or cautery Is phenomenal. The patient Is treated
price of this fruit is now in the by this method at his own home without pain or
neighborhood of $15 per box, while or- lossoftime frombusiness. Thissapositivelythe
only treatment which cureswithoutan operation.
ange and grapefruit business--Fort Dr.Hathaway all the particular attntionof
bird may be all right in some matters, sufferers from Varlcoceleand Stricturetopages
7, 28. 29,30 and 81 of his new book, entitled,
but it is the late bird that is rewarded "Manliness Vigor health a copy ofwhch will
by top prices when it comes to the or- be sent free on application.
Write today for free book anM symptom blak,
ange and grape fruit business.-Ft. etioingy our ceepl inat
Myers Press. NBWITON ATHAWAY, AL D.
Large Vegetable Crop.-Vegetable Dr. Hathaway a .,
$5 Bryan street, savannah, on.
growers in and around the city, are NIMS ON TaIS par waHw WITIG.
busily engaged attending to the com-
iLng (Die. This y6Uf a larger area than
heretofore is undergoing cultivation.
The fruit and vegetable growers find
this an exceptionally profitable mar-
ket for their produce, while the fertili-
ty of the soil and climatic advantages
minimize the labor of cultivation.-St. aw m=@am -
lugustine Record. as prot Me


UEn xIEW or ONE.
Daughter-Pa, is there any State ,
wherein a woman is eligible to the of-
lice of governor? a.
Pa-Yes, dear. There is one State
where she is not only eligible, but is
generally elected.
Daughter-What State is it, pa?
Pa-The state of matrimony, child.
-Boston Courier.


MYSTERIES OF DEBATE.
"I'm afraid people won't understand
this long argument of yours." at
"I don't want them to understand FI
it." *v
"But in that case you can't prove
anything."
"I don't care about that either. All I
want to do is to keep them on the de-
fensive. And if they can't understand S2.2
my argument they can't possibly Drove
that It doesn't prove something."


STYLE.
"I have been considering your appli-
cation for an editorial position," said
the managing editor, "and I sent for'
you to-day that I might get some idea
of your style."
"Just so," replied the college gradu-
ate. "Well, you will observe, I am
wearing a sack-suit, plain, but well-
cut, and a brown, soft hat; quite the
proper thing for this hour of the day."
-Catholic Standard and Times. Bt


__~___~ _~ __


L


-1-1ti riLUKLU AGil1JTRIMMITr


Zn





THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. ls


1KOAL DWPAR*xINT.

Address all communlations to the
editor, W. C. Steee, Switmerlaad, Fla.

The Old Homostead.
To Frank.
There is a green hill far away,
Thereon a cottage stood;
Where you and I did romp and play,
Or ramble in the wood.

Beside the cot, four beech trees grew;
From one we hung a swing,
Then for many long days through,
We made the echoes ring.

From their boughs in early fall,
A lot of nuts we'd hoard,
To roast before the open fire
That up the chimney roared.

In summertime in the garden spot,
A group of sunflowers grew,
With marigold and forget-me-not
And bachelor's buttons, blue.

Archangle, tall, and.columbine,
"Pines" with flowers red.
And pink Kentucky-hunter v!ue
That decked the old woodshed.

No well was there, but a bubbling
spring,
Down by the garden wall,
With an old tin cup, a rusty thing,
For any who'd chance to call

For a drink of water, cool and clear
As out of the ground it flows,
A familiar rattle, I seem to hear
Of a pail, as In it goes.

A bubbling brook below the hill,
Flowered on the Branchpond cove,
And from its banks in evening's chill,
Homeward, the cows we drove.

In shady nooks along the stream,'
The trout did lurk and dart;
Hooking them out is all a dream
Of boyhood's days, apart.

Along its banks in the winter cold,
Our traps for minks, we set;
A poor, tabby-cat, gaunt and old,
In yawning jaws did get.

Snares we set, for rabbits, white,
Across the paths they made;
To catch them as they ran at night,
Up through- the snow-clad glade.

Now you and I are far away,
From scenes of our youthful life;
In cities' crowd, we spend our time
Amid its toil and strife.
i
Upon my knees, my children climb
And beg me o'er and o'er,
To tell them of the olden time,
A tale from memory's store. t
-Anemos.
Somerville, Mass. 1


Weeds. t
What is a weed? The best definition t
we ever saw in print was: "A weed i
is a plant out of place." Then if you l
have two plants in the garden or flow- f
er bed where there is room for but t
one, the extra one is as truly a weed I
as would be a thistle or a burdock. p
Overcrowding of plants is a common l
fault with beginners, both in flower v
and vegetable gardening. This is es- o
pecially disastrous in our light soils o
here in Florida: There being only b
moisture and plant food for one good d
specimen which has to be divided be- b
tween two or more, none of them reach


that perfect development which we
are looking for.
That being the case it is the best
thing the gardener can do to thin out
his or her plants, when quite small,
making sure that each one that Is left
to grow has plenty of room to become
a perfect specimen.
It is often hard work to do this, it
seems such a shame to waste so many
nice, thrifty seedlings, yet if you have
not room to grow them all properly,
it is better to waste half of them than
the whole, and that will surely be the
result if left too crowded.
But speaking of weeds, people usual-
ly have in mind only those plants
which are not commonly consider-
ed either useful or ornamental. This,
however, would vary with the locality
very widely, for some plants that are
counted very obnoxious weeds
in one locality, in another com-
mnnity may be prized very
highly either for use or for ornament.
For example, one of the worst pests
on the farms in some States is the
common "Ox-eye Daisy," Lencanthe-
inum vulgare, overrunning pastures
and meadows, often to the destruction
of grass. Yet there was a time not
many years ago when the flowers be-
came fashionable in the large cities.
Large bunches of the showy but coarse
blossoms were to be seen on every side
and decorating every fable and win-
dow that made any pretense of being
in the fashion and "up-to-date."
In some parts of the North the "Yar-
row," Achillea millefolium, is a great
nuisance, crowding out the grass on
many lawns. Yet in Florida It is high-
ly prized as an ornamental plant. The
foliage is very finely cut and divided,
resembling very much some species of
fern.
Linard candensis is a biennial
forming low tufts of spreading leafy
branches in the fall. These, early in
the spring, send up numerous flower-
ing stems from six to twelve inches
high, bearing terminal spikes of small,
purple flowers. On wet, cold soil the
plants often cover the ground so close-
ly that it looks from a distance as if a
purple blanket had been spread over
it.

Amorphophallus Rivieri.
Amorphophallus Rivieri is a native
of Cochin-China, and is one of the
most curious bulbs in cultivation. It
belongs to the natural order Araceae,
oi Arum family, which is also repre- t
rented in cultivation by the plant
known as Calla lily, Anthuriums, etc., i
and in our native flora by the "Jack- I
n-the-pulpit" (Arisaema triphyllum), d
Calla polustris, Pelfandra, and other a
genera. t
A. Rivieri is well adapted to sub- r
tropical gardening, and is conspicuous
when grown as single specimens on the c
awn, or in the garden. 1
We have grown them for a number a
>f years for their foliage-hoping for I
lowers also. The bulb throws up from g
he center, a tall straight stem, that o
s crowned by a branching head of a
eaves, that spread and assume the J
orm of an open umbrella; the stem of S
he plant, and the mid-ribs of the tl
eaves, are blotched and spotted with a
urplish black, green, and gray shades; a
eaves are much divided, green, and
ravy. In the early morning we have g
ften seen suspended from the tip q
f each leaflet a drop of glittering, p
ead-like dew, like as if the plant was w
ecked with jewels-but touch it, and sl
ehold, a miniature shower, d
Last year we were rewarded by a b


flower. The bulb is eight or nine years
old, and when planted out early in May
it had already started to grow, and
soon the single shoot appeared above
ground as usual. When about six
inches high it commenced to grow very
fast, and soon proved to be a bud, in-
stead of the regulation leaf stalk.
It grew at the rate of eight
inches in twenty-four hours, un-
til fifty inches high, when it
commenced to unfold or unroll its pe-
culiar flower-peculiar in both form
and fragrance (?).
Those who have grown Stapellas can
appreciate the odor, when we say it is
similar, and the strength is in propor-
tion to the size of the flower.
We do not wish to give it a bad
name on account of the smell, for it is
a curious and easily grown bulb; but
my better half was looking for a de-
funct rat, or some such article in the
garden, until she was initiated into
the secret of the source of the smell
that offended the olfactory nerves.
The flowers are shaped very much
like those of the calla, and some eight
inches in- diameter and about a rooT
long, i. e., the spathe; spadix about
two inches in diameter and two feet
long, and extending above the spaths.
Flowers are curiously colored-a
purplish-brown inside, and mottled out-
side with different shades of green and
purplish-brown. Culture is exceeding-
ly simple, and the plants produce off-
sets freely. A good rich garden soil
seems to satisfy them. Planted out in
May, we take them up in the fall af-
ter, the frost has ifilfed the tops, dry
the bulbs, and put them in the cellar,
wintering them like potatoes or dah-
lias.
My blooming bulb is about eight
inches in diameter; as to whether it
will flower every year, or not, we are
unable to say, but time will tell. In a
warmer climate, where the growing
period is longer, the bulbs would un-
doubtedly grow larger In the same
number of years, and also bloom quick-
er; possibly could be left in the ground
the year round. Should try it anyhow.
Anemos.
Somerville, Mass.

The Fancy-Leaved Caladium.
Under this title we find in the last
Mayflower an article by Mr. Walter N.
Pike, a part of which we clip for the a
benefit of our readers: e
"Among ornamental foliage plants i
here are none more graceful in 1
growth, beautiful in design, or fanci- f
ful and gorgeous in coloring than the g
Fancy-Leaved Caladiums; and in ad-
lition they are of very easy growth a
Lnd exceedingly valuable for decora- d
ive purposes during the summer 1
months when the conservatories and
window gardens are largely stripped n
f their contents for outdoor uses. c
rhey are also admirable for window ti
nd piazza boxes and for lawn vases, s
ending a rich dash of color among the m
reens of the other plants used. Most c
f the varieties also succeed admirably 1l
s bedding plants if put out about m
une 1st in-partially shaded situations, a
mall, neatly grown specimens make a:
he most beautiful ornaments imagin- tl
ble for window brackets, table decor- w
tion, etc. w
"The tubers should be started into w
growth early in the spring, and the in
quickest and easiest way to do it is to
lace them in damp moss and set in a
-arm situation. As soon as they |
prout they should be potted up; the
ry bulbs may, of course, be potted,
ut the damp, warm moss gives the


- ------ -----I--~


quickest results. The best soil is a
mixture of turf, loam, peat, leaf mould
and well-rotted manure in about equal
parts, with some sand added; but they
will thrive in any good potting soil
made rich at the start or afterwards
by the application of liquid fertilizer.
Good drainage should be furnished,
for, while they like an abundant sup-
ply of water while growing, the soil
must never become sodden or sour.
Regular and liberal watering should
be given during the growing season,
and frequent applications of liquid
fertilizer will stimulate their growth
and Increase the brilliancy of the leaf
colorings. In the fall as the beauty of
the foliage fades, less water should
be given, gradually decreasing the sup-
ply until it is entirely withheld and the
foliage has all dried off; then set the
pots just as they are, soil and all, in
some warm dry place where frost nev-
er enters-a warm cupboard or closet
is a good place. Examine them occa-
sionally and see that the soil does not
become dust dry, and they will come
out all right in the spring. In case the
pots are wanted for other purposes, or
room for so many pots cannot be spar-
ed, the bulbs may be shaken out, all
Floral ................ ........
put into a large pot or box and cover-
ed with partly dry soil or sand.
"The size pots to grow Fancy Cala-
diums in and the number of times to
shift or repot should depend on the
size of the plants desired. If only
small specimens are wanted for table
or window decoration, don't make the
soil too rich and keep them in a small
pots. One of the prettiest table orna-
ments I ever saw was a Fancy-Leaved
Caladium growing in a green-painted
salmon can, holding less than a pint of
soil. The bulb was probably not larger
than.the first joint of your finger, and
it had six or seven perfect leaves. If
large specimens are desired, then it is
scarcely possible to be too liberal to
them in the matter of potting and feed-
ing. Old tubers become three or four
or more inches in diameter, and if four
or five of these are grown together in
a 12-inch pot, or a good-sized keg, tub
or box, and liberally fed with liquid
fertilizer they will make grand speci-
mens, sometimes as much as five or
six feet across. Such specimens have
a most striking and brilliant appear-
ince on the piazza, where they thrive
exceptionally well. These plants after
.air tops have formed may be given
iquid manure three times a week,
luite weak at first, but stronger as the
growth becomes more vigorous.
"It is simply impossible to give an
adequate pen description of the won-
lerful colorings and markings of the
eaves of this class of Caladiums.
"Even an artist's brush cou'd
lot truthfully portray the exquisite
olors and their marvelous combina-
ions. They embrace every degree and
hade that can be formed of pure
rhite, cream, deep green and intense
rimson. One variety may be regular-
y dotted with round raised spots of
hite on a ground of emerald green;
another be ribbed with pink or scarlet
nd sprinkled with silver spangles, a
third may be splashed and marbled
*ith white or shaded almost black;
while a fourth may be a clear, pure'
hite throughout except delicate vein-
igs and tracings of exquisite green."




Be- C-0o0hSy Urn
in im sold a






216 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLORIDA AGBICULTIBIST.

Entered at the poat e at DeLand, Flor-
ida, a second class ttaer.

I. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietorm.

Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the bet in-
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We now have an office in acksonville
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Painter will be pleased to see my of our sub-
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Jacksoville drop us a line to atos addreaa.

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 4, 1900.


Making Good Tears.
There have been cold years and dry
years; now we have a wet one. It is
related of .Henry Ward Beecher that,
after a storm, he gave thanks. When
asked why he did this he replied:
"Now, we shall have some better wea-
ther."
It sl the business of the wideawake
farmer to make good years-not to
wish for them. T. B. Terry, the noted
potato specialist, says he is not wor-
ried by Colorado beetles; they destroy
the crops of shiftless farmers and in-
crease the price of potatoes, so that
enterprising farmers, raising nearly an
average crop, make checks more
abundant and greenbacks plenty.
The settling of the country and the
felling of the forest, which disturb the
equilibrium o ear climate, also thicken
up the population, and strengthen the
agricultural sinews with better varie-
ties, better cultural systems, better
transportation. It requires 30,000
acres to support a savage, 10,000 for a
cattleman, 1,000 for a wheat-grower,
100 for a general farmer, 10 for a
fruit-grower, while 5, or less, will sup-
port a Florida orange-grower on the in-
tensive system. With 100 acres of
grove lying all outdoors the grower in
good years made a wallet full of
checks; in bad years, nothing or less.
The Manitoba nrthber will place a
premium on intensive and protective
orange-gowing. It will put a quietus
on the old-faahioned seedling tree,
which yielded a forty-box crop so ele-
vated in the air that almost another


been approved by the MimeSoota Leg- 'rigation and humus or decayed vege-
islature, is a back number; we shall table matter makes the soil of Florida


henceforth raise the duck-legged vari-
ety. Tangerines, Satsumas, Hart's
Late, pomelos, of our choicest Florida
varieties, bringing from $4 to $10 a
box, will recompense the understand-
ing grower for the expense of protec-
tion with tents and lamps or sheds.
There is nothing in the Constitution
of the United States or the Fifteenth
Amendment to prevent a Floridian
from raising 200 acres of thel old-style,
open-air oranges-if he can stand in
with Manitoba-but a resurrection of
the old orange belt is not desirable.
The open-air orange, vexed by the
West India gales, often had a thorned,
creased and wind-thickened peel, and
a "rag" toughened and enlarged from
the tugging of the stem upon its inner
network. Millions of boxes will con-
tinue to be grown in the extreme
South, in Jamaica and California, and
sold at prices that will yield the grow-
ers a living. But in the long centuries
that lie before us it requires no pro-
phetic vision to see tens of thousands
of Northern refugees, fleeing from bus-
iness or the frost, developing systems
of protection up to the acme, defying
the blizzards, however they may in-
crease, and in the humid, warm still-
ness of sheltered hammock groves,
raising oranges with pale, waxy lemon
peel, that will top the market away up
yonder.
Even lettuce in Alachua county, cov-
ered with cloth, grows so brittle, so
white and tender as to command a pre-
mium of $1 or more per basket and
yields a profit of $500 to $1,000 per
acre.
Cabbage and lettuce are the connect-
ing link between autumn and spring,
as the pear and the Japan persimmon
are in the fall; the Florida grower is
tending gradually toward an all-th*-,
year-round shipment. After a long and
a stringent probation the persimmon is
getting out of the pucker; the Northern
mouth is less pursed-also the North-
ern pocket-book.
By the way, a few years ago a sol-
emn waIning was sounded from the
North that the solid Danish cabbage-
would bruise the head of the soft Flor-
ida cabbage, and monopolize the mar-
ket. It has done nothing of the kind.
Then the Mexican tomato was going to
undermine the Florida tomato. It has
done nothing of the kind. Will the
Cuban and Jamaica oranges supplant
the Florida? Not by millions.
Some of our choicest productions are
refractory toward protection. The
strawberry will have none of it. Grow-
ing when the sun circles far down to-
ward the Southern Cross, it needs all
the sunshine it can get to redden its
cheeks and sweeten its juice; and it
will resent a covering, even of twen-
ty-four hours. Florida strawberries
have always commanded three or four
times the price of berries from later
regions.
This crop is capable of considerable
expansion to meet the eager demand
from the tourist hotels; and it might
be increased so as to bring the growers
a million a year.
Tomatoes also require the sunshine
to heighten their color. On account of
its preference for an outdoor life, it is
subject to misfortunes, but it quickly
rallies and bears a paying crop, and it
brings the growers a million a year.
Florida's strong point is her sandy
soil, her sunshine, and her year-round


forty-box crop might hare been raised production. The two former, by na-
underneath it. The otrich fashion of ture, are mercurial, and somewhat
treWe with leg tat would not have treacherous, but the introduction of Ir-


steady and equable. The inexperienced
grower may sometimes be in despair
over the cutworm, the drouth and the
blight; but in another month, with
showers or irrigation and a different
crop planted and coming right along,
he has renewed hope and courage.
Twelve times a year the skillful grow-
er may confidingly commit his seed to
the furrow with the assurance that at
least ten times he will get a favorable
answer.-T.-U. & C.


Celery at Balm Beach.
The West Palm Beach Sun contains
an interesting article on celery growing
in that section, which we reproduce be-
low:
Learning from some of the Beach
people who had visited Boynton. the
vegetable centre at the foot of Lake
Worth, that Major Boynton after ex-
perimenting in celery for three or four
years had finally demonstrated that cel-
ery could be successfully raised on the
muck lands south, The Sun reporter
made that town a flying visit for the
purpose of seeing for himself and get-
ting all the information possible re-
garding the growth of that product.
As usual the Major extended the
courtesies of his hotel and the freedom
of his gardens, and upon request took
us to his celery patch. "And now I am
going to show you the first crop of cel-
ery, on a small scale, that has ever
been successfully raised on the muck
lands at the foot of Lake Worth." said
the Major as we approached a modest-
looking celery patch, the foliage of
which bore a rich green and golden
verdue above the bleaching boards.
"There," continued the Major, "are four
rows and three varieties, the Golden
Self-blanching, the Golden Heart and
White Plume." "Each row," said he,
"contains 640 plants or stocks and will
yield 50 dozen marketable plants to the
row. You see I have already pulled
one-third of it, and the rest will be all
bleached and marketed inside of two
weeks. This small patch covers about
one-sixteenth of an acre, producing in
all 200 dozen. I have been selling it at
85 cents to $1 per dozen net."
"Do you think the growth and qual-
ity equal to Kalamazoo celery grown
in your native State, Michigan?" I
asked.
"I have been over to the great celery
beds in Kalamazoo," said the Major,
"when the celery was growing and also
when it was being pulled for market,
and I have been as an individual a
great lover of that universal table plant
ever since I tasted the first stock. In
crispness the Kalamazoo celery excels
this grown here. In tenderness, juici-
ness and flavor this greatly excels the
Kalamazoo or any other Northern cel-
ery. The crispness of the Kalamasoo
celery is produced by the frosts and
cold weather in the late fall before
pulling for market, and after being put
in cold storage for winter use. Cold
storage increases its crispness. If the
celery grown here was placed in the
cold storage vaults of the large hotels
it would become crispy, but would, to
a great extent, lose its flavor and juici-
ness. I like to realize with my eyes
shut, with my sense of taste and smell
to guide me, that I am eating celery,
ttan to be in doubt by munching taste-
less but crispy stocks of vegetation."
"Why has its culture not been at-
tempted before?" I asked,
"It has. During the past four or five
years a few of the growers of this see-


Uon have experimented a little, but
without success. Some four years ago
celery culture received the attention of
the Florida East Coast Railway Com-
pany, and a Mr. Brown, who was a
few years ago, a grower in Kalamazoo
and later in Osceola county, this State,
conducted experiments at Delray, but
abandoned it without raising a crop.
He concluded that celery could not be
raised on muck soil here."
'That certainly must have been dis-
couraging, not only to himself but to
the settlers as well," I suggested.
"Yes, he being an expert, his failure
was accepted by some as final. Not be-
ing satisfied with Mr. Brown's conclu-
sions, I decided to experiment a little
on my own account. My first attempt
in the winter of 1897-8 was a complete
failure; the next was a partial failure;
but this winter it has proved to be a
success, as you see. In my efforts to
discover some methods of fertilization
and culture I have consulted with dif-
ferent celery growers, both in this sec-
tion and North, and with the help of
ideas and suggestions thus obtained,
together with my experiments, I be-
lieve I have at last hit upon the proper
methods to produce a celery on the
muck lands here."
"You ought to feel highly gratified at
your success," I remarked.
"I am. I believe it to be important,
because If celery can be raised on the
muck lands it will open the way to the
production and shipment of another
staple crop on the east coast muck
lands. I believe the truckers here have
realized the necessity for diversifying
their crops. So far, tomatoes have
been the most profitable, as well as the
most reliable crop, but owing to the
frosts during the last two or three
years their growth has been attended
by considerable difficulty, much loss of ..
labor and'extra expense and annoy-
ance. The setbacks which tomatoes
receive from time to time, owing to
unfavorable weather, make it difficult
to get our crops marketed before the
growers in Mississippi and Georgia are
in market Shorter distance and lower
freight rates shut the Southern Florida
growers' late crops out of the market
The bulk of the crop in this section this
year will not be ready for picking and
shipping before the middle of WMay, and
by June the crop in Mississippi will be
ready for shipment So you will un-
derstand why we cannot depend alto-
gether on tomatoes, and hence the ne
cessity for some other staple crop.
Celery is more profitable than tomatoes
and requires less labor and expendi-
ture."
"What effect has frost on it?"
"Celery will stand frost better than
any other vegetable. No freezing
weather in this section has ever been
severe enough to hurt it. On the con-
trary, frost now and then, and a little
cool weather is beneficial to its growth,
as it makes it, when blanching, much
more tender and crisp."
"At what time should the celery be
ready for market?"
"During the months of January and
February and the fore part of March.
We could not be sure of a later crop
owing to the hot weather which fol-
lows. Celery can be marketed in Feb.
ruary and March, and the same ground
prepared for tomatoes, and thus two
crops can be raised in one season from
the same land. Experimenting costs
money, and although I have conducted
my experiments on a modest scale, not
being sure of results, yet my expendi-


L





- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTl ST. 217


tore has been considerable during the
last three years."
"Where have you disposed of the cel-
ery you have raised this yearY'
"Manager Sterry of the Royal Poin-
clana and Inn has purchased the most
of it He has already taken 75 dozen
and has written me that he will take
the balance of my output, small as It
Is, I have found the management of
the East Coast Hotel system quite
ready and willing to purchase what
they require in the way of vegetables
from the east coast growers, when
they can be obtained in sufficient quan-
titles to supply the hotels. In fact, it
is a rule which is followed by the man-
agement. Heretofore the growers of
this section have not been able to sup-
ply such vegetables as the hotels re-
quire during the winter in sufficient
quantity, hence they have had to get
their supply elsewhere. Now that it
has been demonstrated that celery can
be grown here successfully and profit-
ably, I expect to see the growers grad-
ually turn their attention to celery cul-
ture, and also to add other vegetables
which I have found can be grown here
with as much profit as tomatoes. The
last four or five years have shown that
all attempts to grow early tomatoes
for winter use have been unsatisfac-
tory and unprofitable. The demand
North for tomatoes prior to April is
light and prices rule low. Experience
has shown that Northern people do not
take kindly and freely to tomatoes and
other vegetables outside of celery,
when blizards are raging, the ther-
mometer at and below sero, and the
people bundled up, as they have to be,
in their furs and heavy overcoats.
A carrier of tomatoes would freeze
solid before they had carried them two
blocks. In April, May and June they
begin to thaw out, and their appetites
crave Southern vegetables. It-is then,
as experience has shown, that the best
prices prevail. It is simply a waste of
time, effort and money to raise toma-
toes here for the North except possibly
In small patches. It is not so with cel-
ery. There is a demand the year round
for that plant, and particularly so dur-
ing winter and spring."

Osessla's Ozangs.
Conservative estimates place the or-
ange crop in the Kissimmee valley
this year at at least three-fourths .he
size of the banner crop before the
freeze of 1819. Tax Assessor Hughey,
who ls a practical orange grower, ani
just completed his rounds throughout
the various precincts of the county,
and states that the number of bearing
trees is greater than It was before the
b-g freeze, and that the most of them
are heavily fruited. The magnificent
grove belonging to Messrs. J. V\. and
D. C. Lee, will produce this scason
fifty-five hundred boxes-selfold of
last year's crop-and other groves
throughout the county that have r-e-
ceived anything like proper manlta u-
ment win bear in proportion. The Oa-
coola crop is particularly valuable for
the reason that a large percentage of
it is grapefrut and tangerines. The
number of groves abandoned in the
county since thetreeae can Ie counted
on one's agers. Nearly all the origl.
nal groves have been carefully ueni-
vated and ansed into bearing, and
Ir mm l stanc the acreage increas-
ed. One district of this county bears
the distinction of being the only orange
growing section in the State that has
never been seriously affected by freez-
es-the Bassenger section, and as an


evidence of this it is being rapidly set-
tled up by a thrifty, energetic people,
and will soon be one of the most popu-
lous districts of the county. Several
owers in the vicinity of Kissimmee
have been experimenting with the
trifoliata stock with satisfactory re-
sults.-Kissimmee Cor. T.-U. & C.

CHEAP COLUMN
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
FOR SALEB-ixty Varn tents 8XSX8: eighty
quart lamps with No. 8 burner: good order;
will sell cheap. CHAS. R MITCHELL,
Candler, Fla 12-14

,00 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make
your choice. White and Brown legho'a.
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few uff
of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cata-
logue and price list free.
5tf. E. W. Amaden, Ormond, Fla.
VILLA LAWE 'P8E E U.M
Fritand Park, Lake Co., Fla.
Offers for July planting I varieties of 2 and
3 year citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address. C. W. FOX, Prop.
13-tf
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
Grapefruit Trees 4,500 budde. Box 271,
Orlando, Fla.. OIt
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or money
refunded. W. H. Mann. Manvile Fa.
-
PFKIN DUCKS, Black La shanks, Indian
Games, Harred, Buff and White Plymouth
Rocks. EgRs n season. Mrs. W. H.MANN,
Mannvllle, Fla. 4xl
EGGS FOR HATCHING-Silver Laced Wy-
andottes. Brown I.eghorns. 15 for 31.00.30
for l.75, 40 for $2.00. W. P. WOODWOBTHB,
lMaston City. Fla 4tf
SEA SHELLS-Beautiful Shells from the
Gulf coast. A sample lot of 12, all different,
for 2c postpaid. W. P. WOODWORTH,
Disaton ity. Fla. 4tf
FOB SALB-A few trios of Buff Plymouth
Rocks; also egs from two vards. not re-
ated. Mrsa. HASKIN8, Mannville. Fla
7-26
WE HAVE complete lift American
Manufacturers. Can buy for you at low-
eat prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
gines, boilers, Incubators, windmills, or
anything wanted. Correspondence solic-
4ted.
American Trades Agency,
Jacksonville, Fla. stf
OUR VELVET BEAN HULLER Is in
OPERATION.
Arrangements are perfected for longg
your work promptly; our capacity be-
ing twenty bushels an hour. Get your
beans In early and we will store them
for you free of charge. Our charge for
pulling Is but 16c. a bushel for the beans
after they are hulled, 60 pounds to the
bushel.-E. O. PAINTER & CO., DE-
LAND, FLA. Otf.
WVANTED-A quantity of Wild Lemon Seed
or young nursery stock. Please write the
price to A. L. Inerson, Lemon City. Fla.
13-tf
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
47tf.
HIGH CLASS trees of all best adapted sorts.
Catalogue free. G. L. Taber, Glen St. Mary
Nurseries, Glen St. Mary. Fla. 4tf
FOR BALE--410 cash. Eight acres of
high pine land near DeLand Junction: 5
Acres cleared, three acres of which are
'n grove, the balance of the traot is In
timber Small house and a well on the
*Ilaee. Address. T. M. H., Care Agricul-
turist, DeLend, Fla. Ity
WANTED-A good man with small family to
work on fruit farm, either for share or on
salary.
A. M. RIC !BY.
Tarpon Springs, Fla. 11-17
rHB IT. S LTVI STOCK BEMBTY Ia- prov
ed moot efficient in preventing and curing
qog and Chicken Cholera and kindred di.-
eases. It if also a fine condition powder
4ales are increasing If your dea'er don't
keen it we will mnai i *o you on receipt of
ornce, 25c ewr 1 lh. Liberal discount to deal-
era. ISAAC MORGAN. Agent, Kiulmmee,
15a. 12tf


.OR PROFIT AND PLEASURE


BUY ONLY


GRIFFIN'S

Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultry.
HIBgIPT Q1ALIUT'. LOWEST PsICES.
Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,

Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
A SPECIALTY.
All the Standard Varieties of Orange, Lemon ; I Grape Frults In
stock. Also a complete assortment of the beat varieues of Peaches, Plumr.
Japan Persimmone, Pears, Apples, Mullrries, Fils, Pecans, Grape, Or-
namental trees, Boses etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
The most extensive prolmpting establishment In the Lower South.
Largest and most complete catalogue published in the South, listing a
complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon applica-
tion. Address,
THE G0IFFING BROS. CO., """, I IR
COty Olce and Grounds, 11i Mal .%t.



Farmers' Attention

SPECIAL
SPRING
GOODS

Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
GFAORGIA STOCKS.
aPR4YINQ OUTFITr.
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and supplies

Poultry Netting w.17.i .u Columbia Bicycles
CHARTER OAK STOVES.
CARRARA PAINT, IRRON PIPF. BOILEKS ANU PUMPS
W'ITE FOR PRICES.
QEO. H. FERNALD, Santord, Florida.

3.,, ****** 33*34**9**99** 4*******44**+ + + + ++*+++*
, WFIBIeT PBRPARI eN T~Ba.
Stic bl bL-class sto k. Warranted true to name. Free from
all Injurious lnsts and fungus diseases. Extreme care in
800 VA Or Pomelos. Kumquar Peaches, P,
s PHH I, Nut, OGrapes, Fa, Mulberries, e. Also Pos
Sand Ornamntals. +
17 YEAb established Orrespondence olicited. Cataiogue pree.
S'tlimte furnslebd. No Agents. *
SG. L.Taber, Prop. GLEN T. MARI NIIEBSIBIM,
* GleBm e Mary, loerIda
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OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.


"SAVANNAH LINE"

PART RAIL, PART SEA.


FAST FREIGHT AND LUXURIOUS PASSENGER ROUTE.


fliolndld otok of r K
fruit trees and
a dy;t- FLORIDA TO NEW YORK.
caI and hardy;
ful plants, as Cam-
Pbor. Co BOSTON AND'" EAST.
etc.; ornamental, BOSTON AND EAST.
5I a nalm. Ram.
for house or lawn i,
boos, Grasses, Con- SHORT RAIL RIDE TO SAVANNAH, OEORUIA.
Ifers, Flower I n g
Shrubs, vines creen- Then"e via Ship, sailings fom Savannah, Four Ships each week to New York and Two
era -In fact "Ev erything for house, to Boston. All ticket agents ani hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules. Write
orchard, or lawn." Low prices. Ele- for general information, sailing schedules, stateroom reservations, or call on
gant catalogue for 1900, free. E. aINTON, TraMie Mgr., WALTER HAWKINs, Gea. Ag.,
REASONER BBOS, Savannah, Ga. a22 W. Bay at., Jacksonville. Fla,
Onew, norllI







HOUi8HOLD DMPARTM MNT.

Address all -pmn'tioms to Hovaehold
Deprtmeat, AuiemitwI.e. eLad, Fla
...... ..........................
AZEILPFUL ORMIE.

Housecleaning Hints.
Never clean house except in sunny
weather. If a damp, gloomy day
comes, put off the cleaning or else you
will rue it. You'll be sure to have the
blues, everything will be depressing,
and nothing will go as it should. If
there are ceilings to be whitewashed,
it is well to use whitewash that will
no ruil on ri Bush s
made by mixing up one half pall lime
and water in the usual way; then take
one-fourth pint of flour, mix with wa-
ter, pour on a sufficient quantity of
boiling water to make a paste, pour it
while fiot into the whitewash and stir
all wel Itogether.
If you want to paper wall that haITe
been whitewashed, make a flour paste,
add a generous quantity of liquid glue,
apply evenly to the walls with a white-
wash brush; let it dry, and when you
wish to apply the paper, dampen the
wall with thin paste, and use thick
paste on the paper in the ordinary
way. If wall paper is smoked and
grimy, it can be cleaned to look almost
like nolw lby making a very thick dough
of one quart flour and five cents worth
of aulmonia. adding a little cold water
if needed. Work and knead tne dough
till smooth and free from stickiness,
then cut off a piece and rub the paper,
turning the dough so a clean surface
is rui'rntrlt antl tanink a fresh piece
when that gets too dirty to use.
If the walls are painted and need
a thorough washing, they may be made
to look fine by use of the 'following
mixture: Shave fine four ounces cas-
tile soap and dissolve in one quart boil-
ing water; when cold add four ounces
ammonia. two ounces each of alcohol
and glycerin, and one gallon cold wa-
ter. Use one cupful of this liquid to a
pail of warm water.
If the kitchen floor is badly soiled it
can be made beautifully clean by mak-
ing a paste of equal quantities of Ful-
ler's earth and pearlash, mixed with
boiling water. It should be spread on
the floor and left over night, then be
washed off and the floor scrubbed with
sand; aftV this is rinsed off, be sure
to wipe off the floor as dry as possible.
If the floor is soiled in spots, then
treat them as above and it will
be much less arduous than going over
the entire floor.
For housekeepers who prefer to have
the kitchen floor painted, a glue paint
is good, and it can be renewed spring
and fall or whenever needed. It is pre-
pared as follows: Add one or two
pounds dry white lead to three pounds
spruce yellow and mix wel Itogether.
dissolve two ounces of glue in one
quart water, stirring til' smooth and
nearly boiling; then thicken the glue
water as you would make mush until
it will spread smoothly upon the floor.
Apply while hot with an ordinary paint
brush.
Floors that have been stained and
have grown dull can be made to look
fresh again by being rubbed thorough-
ly with beeswax and turpentine. Re-
peat this whenever needed. It is
probable that no two carpets in the
house will require just the same
amount or just the same kind of clean.
ing. If the carpet is simply dusty it
needs to be taken up, carried out of
doors and beaten on the wrong side
with a smooth cane, not too heavy;
then spread the carpet out and sweep
well on the right side. An old broom


should never be used, a new one be-
ing kept especially for this purpose.
With Brussels and velvet carpeting
thare are two ways to the nile. and
they should be swept with the pile. If
a carpet is swept against the grain it
soon looks rough and scratched up. If
the carpet is very dusty, take quite a
considerable amount of dampened saw-
dust and sprinkle over it, then sweep
it off vigorously.
If there are grease spots on the car-
pet they should be removed, after it
has been freed from dust, with a
creamy liquid made by taking one
quart of water, fiw utiite segap afttv-
ings, two ounces aqua ammonia and
one teaspoon saltpeter; mix well, let
stand until the soap is thoroughly dis-
solved. When used, pour enough on to
cover the grease spot, rub it in well,
then wash off with clean, cofl water.
If the spot is not entirely effaced, ap-
pl. & PaF6fl timH. If tis ?mp[5ll i5 Bil-
ed and grimy all over, it should under-
go the usual beating, and when relaid
it may be greatly benefitted by a thor-
ough washing, using the following
cleaning fluid: Obtain from a drug
store 30 cents worth of ground soap
tree bark and five cents worth of am-
nionia; add one cup vinegar and about
three gallons salt water, boil for one
hour In a boiler, then wash the car-
pet with it, using a large sponge and
going over only a small portion at a
time, following with a cloth wrung
from clean, hot water, then wiping
with a dry cloth.
If stovepipes of Russia iron must be
tiirdil iiawiy, thli rioiild halc d, sood
coat of coal oil all over and put up in
a dry place. When wanted for use
again, give them a coat of benzine,
then rub smooth and dry. Stoves
should have a coating of oil before they
are put away, which can lei rubbed off
'itl coarse woolen rars when desired.
The mica windows in the stove, when
smoked, are easily cleaned by brush-
ing free from dust and then washing
them with vinegar slightly diluted
with water.-Ex.

True Economy in the Home.
Written for Florida Agr:eulturist,
There is no place where they appre-
ciate or have more pretty old French
china than in our own dear Southland,
and I have seen many exquisite old
heir-looms' in Florifa handed down
from past generations. It is well that
we have learned how to preserve these
dainty frail pieces, for it is a fact that
they can be mended so as to use them,
and also wash them if very careful. In
these days of dainty appointments
great stress is laid upon the sparkling
glass and every neat housewife is will-
ing to learn new ideas, and grasp help-
ful means to improve their appearance.
A housewife of limited means can save
a good deal in a year by learning how
to mend china and glassware. There
is a cement made for china-made of
plaster of paris and a thick solution of
gum-arabic, which is excellent for
mending. Make a paste of the two,
and apply to the broken edges
with a brush, carefully uniting
the broken parts, and set them away to
dray. For mending stoneware mix the
plaster-of-paris with warm water, and
use it as-soon as you mix It, or it will
harden so as you can't use it.
No soap should be used about china
or glassware, as it has the effect of
making them look cloudy and one can-
not set an attractive table no matter
how handsome the glass or silver or
china may be, unless the glass and
china is faultlessly clean. When It is


their toothbrush water once a day or
every night, just before going to bed,
rinse out throat and mouth with teas-
poonful of listerine in four of water.
Women who sing and who are troubled
-i4ih hioarseness or sore throat use tue
same preparation for a gargle with
most beneficial results.
For mild turns of indigestion this
simple. soothing remedy is an almost
Ii;agi< correctness. The dose is a tea-
spoonful in about four times the
:lllount of water, and where an un-
pleasant taste lingers in one's mouth.
a washing out with a little listerine
and water leaves the lips sweet and
odorless.
Dentists particularly recommend the
use of listerine for the teeth, for it
c.eanses as no brush ever can be ex-
pected to. carries off or nullifies all the
ill effects of the tiny deposits in the
locli, c ron'ects aodity and acts, in
short, like a magic potion. It is very
like vaseline in the comfort it gives,
anid now belongs in the toilet pharm-
anr along with cologne, camphor ice
nnd the rest of it.-Prairie Farmer.

Children's Clothes.
An English surgeon calls attention to
the great discomfort, or actual injury,
caused by ill-fitting garments worn by
a growing child. Clothing for young
children is usually made in large quan-
tities at a time, says an exchange. All
the garments of the lot are cut after
a afttild ptttrIn, the different parts be-
ing pieced together rapidly and stitch-
ed by machine, all at the least possible
cost.
The clothes are usually graded ac.
cording to age instead of by size, and
so a child who is larger or smaller than
the vcrnage for his years geta a minfit.
Iut even those whose size and age
agree are often no better off.
The parent may notice that the child
stoolps and cannot be made to carry
itself erect. Some one, perhaps the
family physician, may suggest that the
frock is not loose enough, but the
mother demonstrates to her own satis-
faNtion that it is, by gathering up
folds o fthe garment in her hand or
by running her hand under it.
But if the fr6ck Is removed and
measured front and back, it will be no-
ticed that the measurements over the
chest and the back are the same; in
other words, the armholes are directly
in the center. If the child's arms were
also directly in the center, the shirt or
blouse would Iw an excellent fit; but
the child's anatomv is not so ordered,
nature having intended that its chest
should bulge out to make room for
the lungs, while the back should be
flat and more or less rigid.
The effects of this wrongly made gar-
ment is tlat the shoulders are con
stantly drawn forward, and so the ex-
pansion of the chest and the play of
the lungs are restricted, and then insult


to be in every farmer's library.

They are sent free.

GERMAN KALI WORKS,
93 Nusu St., New York.

is added to injury, the poor midget
being scolded for not sitting up
straight.
If the fault is not remedied early,
especially in the case of a girl who is
not inclined to be a romp and a "tom-
hiny" and we may wish for their 6Wh
physical good that all growing girls
were tomboys, the deformed position
becomess permanent.
One result of this forced stoop is
that proper breathing becomes Impos-
sible, and consequently the health is
not so good as It should hb.
A body garment should always be
much fuller in front than in the back.
In the case of a young child this will
prevent the slightest traction on the
tender and easily molded shoulders; in
the case of an older child, who begins
to care how he or she looks, it will
force the w0arer to stand and sit erect,
with shoulders back or else to suf-
fer the mortification of wearing
wretchedly fitting clothes.-Prairie
Farmer.

OUR GREATEST SPECIALIST.
For 20 years Dr. .. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowled-
ad to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and stricture, without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
cases. In the treatment of losa of
Vital forces, Nervous Disorders, Kid-
ney and Urinary Complaints. Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women.
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice is more than double
that of any other specialist. Case
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
cians, readily yield to his treatmue
Write him to-day fully? about your
case. He makes no charge for consul-
tation or advice, either at his office or
by mail. .. Newton Hathaway, M. D.
25 Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.

From this day forward a year's resi-
dence will be required in North Dako-
la on the part of persons who wish to
secure divorces. North Dakota will
now come to be known, as its sister
States are, for its fields, pastures,
mines and natural resources. Hereto-
fore it has been famous only as -where
persons might get a divorce while -
they waited.-Kansas City Star.

Sharpies Cream Separators-Profit-
atble Dairying.


- M ------- IRG ~L~VKIU~ AG~RICULTURIST. ---


necessary to wash the daintiest pieces O T A S H gives color,
of china, prepare a suds of pearline
and warm soft water. Wash them in v flor and firmness to
tlir auidx liud rinse through olIOupess to
water. If an extra shine or polish Is all fruits. No good fruit
desired rub the glass with a cloth dip-
ped in alcohol. Rub the glass quick-ed without
ly and allow to dry before rinsing, br e rase without
then polish with another soft linen
towel. It is true economy to have a Potash.
mending day now and then, and gath-
ei up all the broken pieces and mend Fertilizers containing at least
all at once. It is less trouble than to
take a piece at a time. S. J. H. 8 to 10% of Potash will give

'se Tiiserine. best Fesuilts ob all fruit. Write
Women who are careful of their
teeth use a teaspoonful of listerine in for our pamphlets, which ought





THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 219
J-.I IIIHru ^ IIr M _____


1OV&0TY MUIAMXINT.

Allmes al as. mumi-tons to Pooltry De-
omrtmesnt. Bos a. DeLad. FL.

Some 'Tiags TYou huool Attend to.
It is for the purpose of calling the
attention of the ordinary poultryman
to a few little things that I am tempt-
ed to write this article. The time of
year is at hand when we should
have everything in readiness for the
coming poultry crop this year; and one
of the very first things we should do
in order that this year's crop be better
than last year, is cull our flock of all
fowls both old and young, disposing of
all that do not come up to a certain
Standard of color in plumage and con-
formation. Prices for poultry are
higher now than at any other time of
yTar, br"VW now In the accepted time.
The next thing to do In order to help
improve your flock and have healthy
chicks, is to infuse new blood in your
flock by the purchase of strong vigor-
ous male birds. One male to every ten
or twelve pullets we consider about
right; however thin part Of Impl ovig
the flock should have received your at-
tention before this, as the breeding sea-
son is at hand. Now do not forget that
in breeding poultry '(like the breeding
of farm animals), that like produces
like; consequently if you have ten or
more pullets of some one of the Stan-
dard breeds that you consider good
ones, make a yard for them and give
a certain portion of the poultry house
to them, place one of the best male
birds of the same breed with them,
now give them a little extra care as
to cleaning out their houses; and hav-
ing a good supply of nPst bonea with
porcelain nest eggs.
Fowls thus yarded will need a little
more feed and care than those that
have free range, be sure and see that
they have plenty of good pure water
to drink, for I believe that if there
Is one thing more than an other that
the average poultryman is negligent
about it is that of supplying his poul-
try with plenty of good water.
Select the eggs you wish to hatch
from this pen of choice pullets that we
have been speaking about, taking only
the choice specimens for that purpose.
If you have not been In the habit of
doing this but have been keeping a
flock of every nondescript, just try it
tlis year and note the improvement in
the next year's crop of chicks and
chickens.
There are to reasons why I think
eererone who keeps a flock of hens
should use porcelain nest egg8.
First, during the winter season they
will not freeze, and second, by using
them during summer one will not have
any stale or damaged eggs as is the
case with the old method of leaving
one of the hen's eggs for a nest egg;
they are cheap and can be used for a
number of years.
Another thing which should receive
your attention now, is that of having
your coops all in good repair and if
necessary make a few new ones, so as
to have them in readiness when need-
el.-American Poultry Advocate.

hearing Chicks.
Mrs. E. M. Miller gives the following
experience through the National Stock-
man:
Now for the rearing or the chlitEs.
In 1880 I coseluded I could beat moth-
er hen raising chickens. For severe
years previous gapes had taken the
chicks almost as fast as haTched. I
succeeded beyond my expe-tation. I
raised two hundred and twenty-five


that year. Took the chicks ottt cf
the nest as soon as they were hatched.
Had nothing but some small boxes to
brood them in, but I did not com-
mence until it was warm. Aft rr eecven
yearn expereiinc, with poultry wirF
available, it makes raising chickens *i
pleasure. I know nothing about indoor
brooders; will only speak of outdoor"
brooders. Select a piece of ground
that is dry, sloping toward the south-
ward if possible. Sprinkle it over well
with lime several times. Get one-inch
mesh poultry wire three feet wide,
measure off a lot 80 feet one way and
40 feet the other way. Take this wire
and enclose the lot with it, putting a
narrow board at the bottom, none at
the top. Be particular to make it close
to the ground. Now take wire of the
same height and divide it into eight
!ote fprty feet long and ten feet wid,
with a board at the bottom of the wire.
Set your broooders at the west side if
possible on the outer side of the fence.
Put twenty-or twenty-five chicks in
each lot and you can raise ninety-five
out of every hundred, barring acci-
dents. Keep them In this place until
they are five or six weeks old or until
you can distinguish the sexes, then
separate them and put them in differ-
ent lots and change them to a new
place. You want shade of some kind
in these lots, big weeds or raspberry
bushes, they will do no good in a bare
lot.
Keep oyster shells, grit of some kind,
sharp sand and water always before
them. Leave your chickens in the in-
cubator until all are hatched, then
have your brooders warm. Put about
twenty-five in each one put fresh water
and sand before them, in about twen-
ty-four hours give them a little stale
bread moistened with milk, crumbled
down. Feed this for a day or two,
then change for a feed or two with a
little cracked wheat, coarse round corn,
or a little millet seed scattered in the
litter. Feed the first two days every
two hours, then lengthen the time.
By the time they are two or three
weeks old three times a day is often
enough. Feed in the brooder for the
first few days, but never afterward.
Let the chicks go out of the brooder
themselves, they will soon learn it.
Put a board across this lot a few feet
from where the chicks leave the brood-
er for a few days till they learn to go
back to the brooiter all right, then
give them all the lot to roam in. There
is more danger of feeding too muchl
than too little. Give no sour o- must
feed. Change the feed -often, throw
them in a piece of beet occasionally,
cut up lettuce, onion tops, beet top.,
clover and give for a change. The
feed I like best is two bushels wheat,
one bushel corn, two bushels oaii, n od
half bushel sunflower seed all ground
together and fed dry.

When your joints are stiff and your
iiuncles more from 6old or rhettumattam.
,when you slip anT-sprain a joint, strain
your side or bruise yourself, Pain-
Killer will take out the soreness and
'ix you right in a jiffy. Always have
f with you, and uselt freely. Avoid
substitutes, there is but one Pain-
Koiller, Perry Davis'. Price 25c. and
50c. 17

The Second Day Adventists have so
grown In numbers that they have de-
-ided to build a church edifice in Gain-
esville. Leading members of the de-
nomination are at present negotiating
with property owners, and as soon as a
lot can be purchased, a handsome
building will be erected.


- ORNAMENTAL oretS B LAWN FENCE-


-aaa


~WXXXXKYtXKXYYi(MXMXY1 INC Y*I~YYn~YIIl~nn~


so DESIGNS.CHEAPER THAN WOOD FENCE.
SPECIAL PRICE TO CHURCHES A4nCEMETERIES.
CATALOO FRELf*UP-TO-OATE M'F'8. CO,
92i N.IOTH ST, TERRE HAUTE, IND, U.S.A.



SEEDI SEED! . .
-6

Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gaines:
ville to Jacksonville, Fla. I can I ow offer special induce ents to pur-
chasers of Seed Oats, Seed Potatoes, Velvet Beans, etc.


I HAVE

'"-800 POUNDS-

ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE SEED
READY FOR DELIVERY.


Address all orders and Inquiries to
P. F. WILSON, Jacksonville, Florida.


MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
S passenger ser eiles
To in. e cldoe connec-
Florida tioiuswith steamers leave
NeW York Jackson-il,e (Union de-
pot# Thursdays t:20 a. m..
Phila- (F. C. d P. By.) or Fernan-
dna I:0op. in.. via U(im-
lphia & berlana rteamer; meals
e li ouli our ali rail TIl
Plant spybeim at ;:p m..
Boston Bru lsisk11:M p. m.,
From Brunswick direct to W s i rng dlrctly aboarra %eam-
New York. a er.
BO1PORan *A.TrLMNG for M-;l. 1900.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK. GA.. DIR ECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
I'KIDAY A.h FOLLO.TS:
.. S. 1RI0 (RANDE ...................... .. .....Friday. March ).
S. S. ('LORA-n P ........................ ........ ..Friday, March ii.
RIO GRANDE..... ............. .......... ....Friday, March "':i.
S ~ ('OLOIIA)O ..... ........... ........ ..Friday, March 30.
fOUTHB(?VLP--NEW YORK To nRUNS\'ICK. STEAMERS LEAVE I'IEU 2.
K. R.. EVEKY FKIDAY. 3:00 r. M.
For general information, steamers, trains, rates, etc., apply to
HASH. GILL, stay Street. Jacksonville, Fla.
11. H. Raymond. General Southern Agent. Brunsaick. ;a..
(. II. Mallorv & Co.. enmrl Agrenm I'ier 2 E I anl : Itronm..a. N. N.


The Inteinat.onal Publishing Com-
pany of IPh adelphli& a&d OhiCi&go,
have just published a new and Inter-
esting life of D. L. Moody. Also,
"War in Africa," and many other ele-
gant and useful books. The best terms
to agents. Apply to I. Morgan, Kis-
slmmee, State agent for Florida.


11GHTNINC WELL MACHY
I S -7 L S T C) F 3 C,
Sr,",4 13 1*4f, 4 1 i 7
C A
%
%
L


J





20 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


GIVING UP OFMOTHER-


"Now, mother, there is no use In talk-
ing about it; you are too old to go on
Living here alone In this way. Sister
Hannah and I have talked It over, and
we think that the thing for you
to do is to come and live with us.
We've both got a nice comfortable
room and you can stay part of the
time with me and part of the time with
Hannah; can't she, Hannah?"
"Yes, you can, mother; and the soon-
er you make up your mind to do it the
better, for, as Sister Martha says,
we're not willing that you should go
on living here alone now that father's
gone." Little old Mrs. Raynor looked
helplessly and appealingly into the
faces of the two large and determined
looking women before her. If they no-
tied the half-repressed quivering of
her lids or the appealing look in her
dim eyes they gave no sign of felen t-
ing on that account.
Hannah and Martha had "made up
their minds," and when they had once
dcne this they were not to be moved
by quivering lips or hearts. They
They really felt that they were
doing the wisest and best thing
for their mother by insist-
Ing upon a compliance with their
wishes. The old lady had been a wid-
ow for two years, and had lived alone
in her comfortable little house ever
since the death of her husband. Her
daughters had for some time been tell-
ing her that she ought to "give up"
and live with them. But the old lady
did not take at all kindly to this sug-
gestion.
"I've kep' house ever since the day
I was married," she said, in gentle op-
position to her daughters' plan for her.
"I've always had a home o' my own,
an' it don't seem as if I could give
up now an' go an' live any place where
I wouldn't be free to do as I've a mind
to. I know that I shouldn't be happy
outside of my own home."
But Hannah and Martha* had said
that this was "all nonsense," and they
had now decided that her mother
should seli her comfortable little house
and spend the rest of her days with
them. She knew that she would be
treated as a child in the home of eith-
er of her daughters, and their ways
were not her ways. She knew that she
would not have the free use of her
own small income, but that Hannah
and Martha would insist on directing
her expenditures. She had a pension
of $12 per month, and if she sold her
home, which had been an inheritance
from her father, Hannah and Martha
would expect to take charge of the
money.
Her daughkars were married to pros-
pIFroU men and they had large and
showy homes In which their mother
had never felt comfortable even when
visiting them. They kept servants and
lived in what they proudly felt to be
"style," and their mother had always
lived in the simplest way, and had
never been happier than when busy in
her own cozy and comfortable little
hitchen. And Hannah had said, "A
woman of your years ought to keep out
of the kitchen and be dressed up nice
and tidy all the time, with a dainty
little cap and pretty white apron."
"I don't know what In the land I'd
do If I couldn't get up of a Monday an'
do out my own little wash, and my
own ironing on Tuesday. And I can't
tell the time when I ain't baked on
Wednesday and gone to the sewing
circle and ladies' prayer meeting at


the church In the afternoon and had
someone in to tea with me as often as
once a week. Then I don't know what
I should do If I couldn't make up a lot
o' jell when currants got ripe, and can
and preserve all summer. I ain't half
as lonesome livin' alone here as I'd be
in either Hannah's or Martha's house.
Oh, I can't go there to live! I can't
give up my own home and my own
ways, I can't, I can't!"
And yet Hannah had said when she
and Martha were about to depart.
"Now, mother, you can just make up
your mind that you are going to give
up and come and live with Martha and
me the firvt 9f the year. We will come
over then to help you break up."
She was still sitting in the kitchen,
with her gray head bent to the arm
lying on the kitchen table, when there
came a knock at the rear entry door.
Rising hastily she went to the kitchen
sink and quickly bathed her eyes in
cold water before opening the door.
"Why Jared!" she said when she
had opened the door and found a
short, stout, kindly looking man with
eyes as blue as the sky and twinkling
with cheery good humor, standing on
the little back porch. "I'd an idea it
was Philena Moss. She said that
nmebbe she would come over to-day
ind get my coppirii RRtli tia 15 ms
1reserving in. Come in."
"It ain't hardly wuth while, for I've
got so little time to stay, I thought I'd
just come over and see If you didn't
want me to come over some day this
week and gather that tree o' Bald-
n, ins for you. They ought to be got in
soon, and you can't do it. Or. anyhow.
you ain't going to do it while I'm
around. Gittin' up in the top of a tree
and pickin' apples ain't no fit work for
:i woman."
"No, it isn't, and I was thinking' that
I'd have to get someone to pick my ap-
p!es for me on shares. It's very good
of you Jared, to offer to do It, ana I'll
pay you- "Stop right where you
are, Huldah!" exclaimed her caller
with a fine show of indignation.
"When the times comes when Jared
Hawkins wants pay for gathering a
I roe or a dozen trees of apple for the
widow of his best and trusted friend,
he'll let you know. If you want to see
my dander rise and see me use lan-
guage unbecomin' to a Methodist in
good an' regular standing you go to of-
'fern' to pay me for pickin' them ap-
pIes. Can't a man who has known you
s'nce the time you were knee-high to
a duck, an' who used to drag you to
school on his sled, when you was in
your a b abs, an' who beaued you
home from singin' school later on, an'
who stood up with you an' Hiram Ray-
nor at your weddin', offer to-why,
Fuldah, you been cryin' and you look
ar if you were going' to go at that sort
o' foolishness ag'in."
"Yes," I have been crying," admitted
the old lady, frankly, feeling sure of
lihe sympathy of this friend .of her
youth, who had also been the life-long
friend of her husband. "I bet I can
guess what you have been crying
about," said Jared. "I saw Hannah
iid Martha driving down the road as
: come along. It was the old story,
wa'n't it? They want you to give up
an' and come an' live with them, hey?"
"0, Jared, they not, only want me to
Co it, but say that I've got to do it by
the first of the year.. And, oh, I can't,
I can't!" "Then don't," said Jared,
promptly. Then he added, more oe-
riously "Don't you give up your own
home as I have given up mine to live
with my children, don't you do it. My


son an' his wife an' my daughter and
h'er husband, they mean to be kind,
I reckon, an' mebbe it is my fault, but
I knew more real comfort an happiness
in one day in my own home than I
have known in all my three years I
have lived with them. an' you would
have the same experience if you gave
up an' went to making' your home wihi
your children. Don't you do it. If I
was back in my own little house that I
was fool enough to sell an' live with
iimy children, I tell you, I'd stay there
if I had to do my own cooking' and'
washin', an' sew carpet rags and' braid
rugs for a livin', I would, Huldah."
"But what can I do? 1Yo know how
movablee the girls are, an' I don't
feel that I have the strength to hold
out ag'in them any longer. They've
been at me so persistently ever since
their father died, an' now they say I've
got to go." "Don't you do it. You'll
be dictated to ev'ry day of your life,
nfi' if yo6n e6 muwR as oiero a uggoe-
tion to them or their children, you'll
be interfering and they'll tell you
si mighty quick. They ain't tho re-
spect for old folks now that there used
to be, an' society is so constituted that
it's never very safe for old folks an'
young folks to mix up together In the
same house. Old folks' ways an'
aing t .u.4 w B aifr4 a1llco, an'
they'd better dwell apart. It is be-
cause I have proved it in my own ex-
perience that I want to keep you from
akin' the same mistake. An' I'll tell
you in solemn confidence, Huldah,
that I have made up my mind to go
back to havin' a home o' my own, yes,
I have."
"Why, Jal'ed" "Yes, I have." "What
will your children say?" "I can't help
what they say. An' neither the Lord
or the law has said that a man in full
health an' in possession of all o' his
faculties shall lie obedient to his chil-
dren. I have made up my mind about
tlie inatt er, an' 1 don't feel under any
obligation to say anything to my chil-
dren about it. I've my pension and a
thousand dollars in the bank that my
children would like to get hold of, but
they can't have it yet awhile. If I can
get the person I want for my house-
Kueper, I plan to lave a home o' my
own mighty soon."
"I declare I would if I were you,
Jared. When folks get old like you
and me there is nothing' they 'preciate
more than a home of their own, and
they ought to have it. What you say
makes me feel like trying to stand out
more and more ag'in my daughters.
But who do you reckon we can get
to keep house for you?"
Jared looked at her for a moment
with his kindly face all aglow and his
blue eyes twinkling merrily. Then he
said, "There's just one person I want.
an' I'll throw up the wl l ho chmo if
I can't get her." "Oh, I do hope you'll
get her, then, Jared; for I can under-
stand just howO you must want:l !!.'ii;e
of your own."
"If you had my influence with her
would you be willing to use it in my
favor. and say a good word to her for
me?" "Indeed I would, Jared."
'Would, Cl3? -Muei 'Dilged, I'm sure.
I-I-I-the fact o' the matter is,
Huldah. that-tlhma--why, bless your
soul, Huldah, it's you tliat I want not
on-ly for my housekeepe:', but for-my
wife Don't look so scared and shock-
ed. Htuldah. I reckon it does kind o'
daze you if you ain't never thought o'
such a thlin. It dazed me some at
first; but the more I've thought of it
tim mrOFO ret I've been on brilgiL' It
about, an' what you been tellin' me


'bout Hannah and Marthy wantin' you
to give up an' live with them has
brought things to a focus, an' I want
you to give Up an live with me as my
wife. We ain't neither of us real old
folks yet, Hulaah, an' we might have
many happy and peaceful years togeth-
e' yet. I can see that you are too daz-
ed to give me an answer now, an' I'll
go away and come over an' see you
this evening, when you'll make me one
of the happiest old boys in the world
by saying 'yes,' an' we'll have a home
of our own in sp:te of our bossy chil-
dren, eh, Huldah?"
MHuR111 iii'M B nm must haitv made
Jared a "happy old boy," for, three
lays later, Hannah and Martha were
on their way to see their mother when
tley met her returning from the town
in a buggy with Jared by her side.
Jared had on his "Sunday best," and
lie wore a big white astor in his but-
tonhole, while Mrs. Raynor, to the sur-
lnriMu nnl1 dianpproval of her dnuzhtera.
had put aside her mourning and wore
her gray silk and a new gray bonnet
with white flowers in it. Jared drew
rein when they met the sisters, and
:iannah said sharply:
"Well, mother, I must say that this
looks a little strange. You know very
well what a neighborhood this is for
Kg-ip, lind ev?1 pepV le eight make
vt.ry unpleasant remarks if they saw
you and Mr. Hawkins riding out this
way. Martha and I want that you
should pack up right away and go
home with us. and we will come over
next week and pack up the furniture.
We think that there is no use of you
waiting until the first of the year to
give up and live with us."
It was TJared that made triumphant
.eply. He threw one arm around the
half-frightened old lady by his side and
Aa:d boldly "You're a little too late,
Hannalh Your mother onn't give up
an' and go an' live with you for the
reason that she has already given up
an' is going to live with me, or rather,
I'm going to live with her, since she
prefers to stay in her own house.
Lemme interdpose you to Mrs. Jared
Hawkins."
Martha lifted up both hands In
speechless amazement, but Hannah
said, gaspingly, "Mother! is th's true?"
The bride of an hour held up her head
bravely and made unfaltering reply,
"Yes. Hannah. it is true."
Hannah broke forth in a violent out-
burst of wrath, but Jared gath-redl up
the reino and drove on, calling back
through a cloud of dust, "You nor no
one else can sass my wife!"
He was right when he said 'ooi.hilng-
ly to his wife, "Don't you worry, my
dear: they'll come round all right, an'
so will my children. An' if they don't
---" he drew her to him and kissed
her smiling and happy face, "why, we
linr e ach otlhoe-deao t."-Amerfte
Agriculturist.

Plant your spring ads.

The Practical
S- AND SIMPLE
BARBED WIRE
FENCE BUILIER.

V. SCHMELZ,
SylvanLake, Fla










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Pn AJD IOIM1 8.

Howitzers are steel breech-loading
weapons, weighing twenty-five hun-
dredweight and having a length of six
feet ten inches. In loading a howit-
zer the gun is swung horizontally on
the carriage, but for the firing position
the muzzle Is pointed high in the air,
thus giving to the shell a long, curved
course. Four kinds of projectiles can
be used in a howitzer. The lyddite
shell. measures 27,225 Inches and
weighs.one hundred and two pounds
nine ounces, the shrapnel, which con-
tains over five hundred mixed metal
balls, weighs slightly above one hun-
dred pounds, and measures in length a
little more than nineteen inches. For
the firing cartridge two pounds one
ounce of cordite are used.-Household
Words.

Uhcle Sam is a stern stickler for
fcrm and the amount of red tape ein,
r loy~d in the custom house is really
remarkable. It was demonstrated the
other day that not even a tiny mouse
can creep into our domains from for-
eign shores without paying duty. A
gentleman returning from Europe,
brought with him to Philadelphia, a
pet white mouse, of which he had
grown very fond. His "mouselets"
was assessed at 20 per cent., which so
enraged the owner that he vigorously
protested. The case was appealed and
the board of classification of the board
of general appraisers, after mature de-
liberation in solemn conclave, handed
down a decision in which the protest
was overruled.

An arch surmounted by a reproduc-
tion of the latest type of automobile,
is soon to be erected at the extremity
of the Avenue de la Grand Armee in
Paris to the memory of Lavassor.
Lavassor did much to promote the in-
terests of the automobile. This is
doubtless the first instance of the in-
troduction of the motor vehicle into
sculpture.

dranna'e xterh l(,m, the the the the th
The old "Harrison homestead,"
where one President lived when elect-
e i. in 1840, has been sold to a party
outside the historic family. This fam-
ous property is in North Bend, Ham-
ilton county, Ohio, and has just been
purchased by Mrs. Ollie O. Hall of
Kokomo, Ind., who is now in posses-
sion of the old house, so long the Mec-
ca of patriotic tourists. The mansion
is somewhat the worse for age, but the
grounds, with their green, wooded iills
and winding river, are as beautiful as
ever.

In 1838 Francls Dounce, the antiqua-
ry, bequeathed a sealed box to the
British museum on condition that it
was not to be opened until Jan. 1,
1900. Some literary people in England
are now clamoring for information as
to its contents, but it is unlikely that
their curiosity will be gratified for a
long time, as a great many formalities
have to be gone through first.

The pearl industry in the Concho
river, in West Texas, has grown very
rapidly during the last few years.
Many men are now employed in the
'4 61ik of hunting for pearls along that
i' atm, and the annual proceeds from
- the"Bale of the beautiful gems which
they gather aggregate several hundred
thousand dollars.


A young governess, going on a long


Cucumbers

and Melons
and all vegetables are exceedingly
profitable if grown for the early market.
Large yields and early maturity are eer-
tain to follow the judicious use of
Nfeatoe o Soad..
For particulars and proofs write for free
book to John A. Myers, 12-YJohn
St., New York. Nitrate for sale byfer-
tilizer dealers everywhere.
WhPI a# is fe LhI ao Datrsl .


other means of precaution.when pass-
ing through a tunnel, always to put
lher hand on her pocket in which she
kept her money, so that it might not
be stolen. She acted upon the advice,
and on coming to a tunnel, put her
hand in her pocked, but was startled
on finding it already occupied by an-
other. She grasped the intrusive hand
and held it firmly until tte trail:
emerged into daylight, when the gen
tleman sitting next to her, explaiineC.


with a smile, that both hands were inl olh:i paper, cut into long streamers
llis pocket.-Weekly Telegraph. z which i they dropped 6n the heads of the
Ilpassing procession in the street be-
iow. The elite of the city were in the
The western boast that every man's ; ocession, and many elegant turnouts,
house is his castle is as nothing to the and nnany handsome teams of horses
saneitity of the eastern harem. No of- driven tandem, and some four-in-hand.
ticer of the law may enter a harem, and Plurine Sp:an:sh rule, those who would
therefore there is no safeguard for the drive four-in-hand or tandem, had to
life and liberty of its inhabitants. One pai'- an extra license of ten dollars for
day they may be slaves, the next prin- lie space taken up by the extra horses.
cesses and the next strangled or pois- Space in the line was considered very
oned. An ill disposed man could car- valuable. In the procession were seen
ry off an enemy to his harem and kill two or three automobiles, also some
him, and none would be the wiser. tricycles and bicycles driven by elec-
tricity. The mounted as well as the
foot police were kept very busy keep-
THE CUBAN PEOPLE, ing the procession of vehicles from
hie I expect in seeding letters doubling on their line of march, or the
to go somewhat into detail regarding the fout be.ng cut by vehicles from
the social morals and peculiarities of
the people, of funerals, fortifications, many merican ladies and gentlemen.
public building erected by the Span- officers of the army and navy. I also
ish government, and odd incidents, noticed en. Lee andfamily i the line
Stin t h c t m What I have described is part of what
and things that have come to my o
knowledge since a resident of Havana, took piae on the afternoon and ev
I will for the moment deviate, that I endng of Sunday Feb. 25th The two
may note some of the current happen- days following. monday and Tuday,
were in the main repetitions, as was
ings in the city. Notably, that of the wee in h te tns as wT
carnival, which began Sunday, Feb. that of yesterday, the 4th inst. The
carnva, which began Sunday, Feb.on the th. Will
.; .' ., .. final effort will be on the l1th. Will


20, continuing three days, and will e
continued on the Sundays of March
4th and llth. This carnival takes
place each year just preceding Lent.
To those who have been in New Or-
leans during the season of Mardi Gras,
would probably see nothing new, or
very different, from that of rPe Pelli-
can City, but to the visitors who had
never seen anything of the kind, it
was alone worth the trip to Havana.
It is a season when the police appeal
to let people do just about as they
please, provided they do nothing ma-
licious. It is participated in by the
high and the low. The Prado and
parks were filled with people, while
the street on either side was a never-
ending proecssion of cabs, carriages
and other vehicles. Very many in the
prado as well as the procession were
masked and attired in old costumes.
The negress with her slipshod feet and
black ankles gave her away, as also
did the lady with her French heel
shoo and kid gloved hand. Otherwise
their identity was concealed. The
costumes of the upper tendum did not
savor so much of the grotesque, con-
sisting principally of powdered hair,
black mask, some ridiculous head
gear, with a tfnic of any or all colors.
The custom heretofore prevailed of


Journey, was recommended, among, the makers carrying small sacks of


continue some further incidents of the
c'ar'i val in the next letter.-Corres-
pon(dence Eustis Lake Region.

TROUBLE AT LA GLORIA.
A few months ago there were near-
ly a score of Eustis citizens who were
interested in the new Cuban colony to
be established at La Gloria.
From time to time this feeling of in-
terest has abated until the Eustis con-
tingent had dwindled down to two
parties, H. W. O. Margary and S.2 H.
Powers. These gentlemen have been
in La Gloria for some weeks past.:
The daily press in tlie past month
has been containing some harrowing

accounts of the suffering .among the
colonists and the reports from an occa-
sional returned unfortunate corrolor-
ate the statements.
The following is taken from the Ia-
vana, Cuba, Herald of March 20: i
Before any other action is takeI in
reference to the La Gloria land 4 in-
die and the many dependent colon sts
who have requested the government
to furnish them their transportation
t othe United States, General Wood is
going to learn the truth about the bol-
ony f-om the time of its organization
until the present.
since the request of the colonists for


flour which they threw at everybody
they met, but this year Mayor Lacosta
issued an order forbidding it, conse-
quently it was to a great extent elimi-
nated from the list of the proceedings
one instance of the violation of the or-
der, worthy of note, was that of
an American officer, who seated in a
cab and while passing the corner of
Armistad and Prado, some mischiev-
ious senorita from an upper balcony,
yielded to the temptation and dropped
a small sack. It hit the officer square
on the shoulder and burst, scattering
the flour over his face and clothes. To
simply say he swore would be putting
it entirely too mild. Indeed, for the mo-
uent, I have not the words in mind
that would give the reader an intell-
gent idea of just what the officer said
and did, liut as the senorita had dis-
appeared, and the police not at hand,
he had no recourse but to go to the
nearest barber shop and clein up.
:;:cc. candy and cut paper were among
ihe thin, lmo-t thrown. The- ladies
;l,11l e l.iiden o nthe oalconies along the
ioi.;e IweLe plentifully supplied with


assistance General Wood has been con-
Aidering the matter with the adjutant
general and the quartermaster general.
General Wood regards the subject of
sufficient importance to send a United
States army officer there to look into
the condition of the colonists and re-
port to him as early as practicable.
When the appeal for help came to
the General Saturday, Secretary Root
was still at the Palace and the General
mentioned the matter to him. While
the Sccetary of War did not advise
any action, leaving the matter entirely
:o the disposition of General Wood he
.onside:ed it of much importance.
No olniver has yet been appointed to
.o to Nuevitas, near where the colony
.s located but it is quite probable that
the one to go will be u tailed for the
trip to-day. He will be instructed to go
at once to the colony and make a thor-
ough personal investigation.
Upon his report will depend the
granting or rejection of the request of
the colonists to be sent home. If the
report of the officer is an unfavorable
one a transport will be sent there, and
all those who care to return to the
United States will be taken on board.
The object of General Wood in send-
ing a personal agent there extends far-
ther than noting the conditions of the
inhabitants of the colony. If the col-
ony is what it has been represented to
be and is not a fit place for Americans
who came to Cuba with limited means
and in search of employment or farm-
Ina pursuit,. the United States author.
cities will act positively in the matter
and may go so far as to prevent the
company from landing any more peo-
ple there without money and visible
means of support.
This could be easily done by apply.
ing the United States Immigration
laws.-Eustis take Region.


I I


Tbhouht I Wold Never Be Well Agale.
One of the saddest things that can hap.
pen to a woman is to fall into such a depth
of despondency through unnatural weaknen
and disease as to fi'.agine that she can
Never recover. "For two years" says
Mrs. W. G. Day, of Trussvile. Jefferson
Co.. Ala. "I had suffered with weak-
ness, headache, pain in my back and
side, which would become sore that I
could hardly bear the weight of my
hand on it. I had cold hands and
feet and many other bad symptoms
too numerous to mention. Home
physicians' treatment did me no
good. I had be-
come very despond-
ent and thought I
would never be wel
agncn
u" t with a tdnt
heart I wrote to
Dr. R. Pierce, of
Bufalo, N.Y.. and
described my symp-
toms as best ould.

and sent meatreat
se on 'Woman ad
~ Her Diseases'; he
also outlined a
treatment for me which I followed to the best of
my ability, and after talking six bottles of the
'Favorite Prescription.' I can truthfully say
that I felt like a new woman. In a few months
afterwards, when I was suffering with the many
troubles due to pregnancy, I procured Favorite
Prescription' again and took it through that
time. I soon became very stout and felt well
I was in labor only a short time and got alomg
well: better than I ever did before. Mybaby
a fine boy, now two months old, and has never
to express my praise of Dr. Pierce's medicine.
I never miss an opportunity to recommend it.
I hope all suffering ladies will consult him. for
they will be benefited by taking his medicine."
Letters to Dr. Pierce are treated in the mot
sacred confidence, and never published without
permission, and the most careful, professional
advice is given by return mail free of charge.
Women would understand their own men-
tal and physical natures better; they would
make better wives and mothers; they would
be every way healthier, happier, and more
capable, by reading and studying Dr.
Pierce's great thousand-page illustrated
book, The People's Common Sense Med-
ical Adviser. It is a veritable, complete
family medical library in one magnificent
volume. More than half a million copies
have been "old at $1.50 each, but a free
copy, paper.bound, will be sent to any
woman on receipt of 21 one-cent stamps,
to pay the cost of mailing only; or if a
hatver. handsome cloth-bound book is
preferred, send 31 stamps.










222 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


WITH THE JOKXN.

A PRECAUTION.
"Why do you insist on your son's be-
coming a lawyer?" asked the friend.
"I've made a will leaving him all my
money," was the answer. "It seems to
me that if he is a lawyer himself, he
will stand a better chance of getting
some of it."-Washington Star.

THE DICTIONARY HABIT.
Friend-What queer language your
husband uses. He pronounces every
word half a dozen different ways.
Wife-Yes; he has half a dozen dif-
ferent dictionaries.-New York Week-
ly.

CIRCUMSTANCES.
Parson Meekins (to convict)-My
friend, remember we are here to-day
and gone tomorrow.
Convict (calmly)-You might be, but
T ain't.-Baltimore Jewish Comment.

IT IS HARDER TO GET RICH.
"It's hard to be poor," sighed the
seedy pessimist.
"That's queer," replied the ragged
optimist, "I always found it easy
enough."-Chicago News.

A LACK.
She-What! Are you going to dine
at the club? I should think you would
hate to take dinner there.
He-Why?
She-Because, my dear, you will miss
all the pleasure of complaining about
what you get to eat.-Detroit Free
Press.

WOULDD SUIT HIM.
"I'm thinking," said Mr. Staylate,
"of getting one of those fashionable
new hats. Do you think it would be
the thing for me? It's all the go, you
know."
"All the go, eh?" she said, stifling a
ycwn. "Get one by all means. It's
just what you need."-Philadelphia
I' ess.

BEFORE HIM.
"Prisoner, have you ever been in
court before?"
"Before what, your honor?"
"Before me."
"Oh yes, your honor. Waited here a
Lalf hour for you once, sir."-Cleve-
hbnd Plain Dealer.

WHY THEY FLED.
"And did Flint hold the burglars at
bay without weapons?"
"Yes, but he had a strong defense."
"How's that?"
"He was armed with a supply of
boarding house butter."-Yonkers Her.
aid.

WHEN SPRING BLOWS IN.
"Pa, why is spring called spring?"
"Don't worry me now, Johnny."
''I know, pa."
"Well, why is it?"
"So folks won't go round thinking'
it's winter."-Indianauolis Journal.

TRACED THE RESEMBLANCE.
"You remind me of my first hus-
Land," she said.
"I have felt recently," he replied
"tl *t I was gradually becoming a very
mock man."-Chicago Post.
-.q
EVIDENCE TO A WOMAN.
"Do you believe in occult interven-
tion in human affairs?"
"Indeed I do. Look at the way your


If you have It, you
know it You
know all
about the
heavy feeling
In the stomach, the
formation of gas, the
nausea, sick headache,
and general weakness of
the whole body.
You can't have it a week
without your blood
being impure and your
nerves all exhausted.
There's just one remedy
for you




AYQrS



sarsaparilla
There's nothing new
about it. Your grand-
parents took it. 'Twas
an old Sarsaparilla before
other sarsaparillas were
known. It made the word
"Sarsaparilla" famous
over the whole world.
There's no other sarsa-
parilla like it. In age and
power to cure It's "The
leader of them all."
31.0 a IsAnl. An u.W.
Ayer's Pills cure constipation.
"After suffering terribly I was
induced to try your Sarsaparilla. I
took three bottles and now feel like
a new man. I would advise all my
fellow creatures to try this medicine,
for it has stood the test of time and
i t curative power cannot be ex-
celled." L D. GooD,
Jan. 0. 18e. Browntown, Va.
WII tb m Dswep.
If you have any complaint whatever
and desire the beet medical device you
an possbly receive, write the doctor
mry. You will receive a prompt re-
ply, without cost. Address
Dir. J. 0. AT, Lowell, Mass.




b.oestrings break when you are get-
mng ready in a hurry to go some-
vhlere."-Detroit Free Press.

NATURALLY, HE WOtLD.'
Professor-Suppose you were en-
-aged in the autopsy of a subject, and
it gave sign of life, what would you
do?
Student-I think I should ..
l'ange the subject, sir.-Brooklyn Life.

TAKING LIFE EASY.
I)abney-I am taking life easier
nlow; my debts are less troublesome.
Courtney-Have you at l1st lea-netd
,.,.t to incur 'b'Hs?
Dalbney-No; I've learned not to
Wvri) y about them.

THE DOCTOR'S WEALTHY PA-
TIENT.
Physician (with ear to patient's
-hest-There is a curious swelling over
'he region of the heart, sir, which
must be reduced at once.
Patient (anxiously)-That swelling is
my pocketbook, Doctor. Please don't
educee it too much.-Harlem Life.

A CONFESSION.
She (looking through window as or-
an grinder and retinue appear)-Oh,


PLANT SYSTEM.


THE GREAT THROUGH CAR LINE.

LOCAL SCHEDULE.

ear bound. IN EFFECT FEB. 18, 1900. outhbondp.
,. .o 3 a al | i m |
... .... ai al I.uvplLv.. .. .. Por T ...........l .5...ArI 6 Ip .40 7 ......
...... 7.3all.0a 7.2 pLv .... Tampa Bay Hotel..... .. ...Ar 401.1 7.30 .......
..... .4aa11.59al ..4oplLv .... .... Tampa......... .. ..Ar 7.ip 9.6p 7.20a .......
.......... ...1.... 3...IpL ......Punta orda .... .. .. ..ArU.1pll.5p 6.20p .......
....... 5.3aI 5.30a| 6.410pLv ...... .... Bartow.......... ..Ar 8.30p 8.0Op 7.00 .......
....... 9.1l 1.56p 9.0pLv.... ..Laelnd.. .... .. .. Ar 6.0p 7.501 -.1 .......
....... ..... 2.1) pl10.4.ZpLv..... .... iss mmee.. .. .....A ..... ... 6. p 4. ......
............. 2.48pill.14p Lv .... ..Or..l. .. A ...... 5.49p 4.2 .......
....... I .......I 2.611.3ZLv........ Winter Park..........A ....... .40p 4.13.........
....... ....... 3.Lp112.15aLv.. .... ... Sanford.... .. .. A ....... .10p 3.30. .......
... .......4.46p r.... .... d .. .. .. ..L . .2p ...... ......
....... ...... 3.20pl....... Lv.. .. .. .. D eLand.. .......... At..... 4 p 8.00 .......
lU.W0a 4.4Up| 5.pl 2.41jaLv.. ........ Palatka.. ........ ArU.30. 2.06pl 1.06. E.l.p
,U.55a 5.wupl 6.38p 4.34a|Lv . Green Cove Springs...... ..Ar 10.41.a 1.2pla.le 6.14p
l1.UUa 5.4pl t.42p 3.aSa|Lv.. ........Magnolia.. ........ Ar10.36as 1.17p|lZ.lla I.p
LZ.lUp .p i .3.u p 4.30alAr.. ......... Jacksonvllt .... ...... LvI 9.40a 12.30pU.2p 4.0Up
.. .. .. a.............. Lv.... ... P rt Tampa...... ..Ar 8.6 .p ... ....... .......
....... a. ....... ......ILv.. .Tampa Bay Hotel.. .. ......Ar 7.4p ...................
....... a ............... Lv.. Tam pa.. .. .. .. .. Ar 7.0p .............. ......
.......... I ....... I .......|Lv ......Punts Gorda .... ...Ar U.2p ..................
....... 5 1 pa ... :........... .... ... lartow.... ......Ar 8.0p ....... .......
....... s.lai .. ............Lv.. ... Lakeland.... ... .Ar 6.0p .............. ....
....... ;.UOal...... I... ...|Lv. .. . St. Petersburg ..... ..Ar 9. p .....................
... a .......l r .. ... ... elleaire.. .. .. .. ..Ar 8.3p .....................
....... 11.4 1a ..... ........ .. Leesb burg.......... Ar .4p ....................
7.Wa 1..1opi .......I.... Lv.. ......... .caa.. ...........Ar l.Op ............. .26p
9.W0a 3.4p,....... ........ Ar... .. .. Gainesville ....... ..Lv l.lOp .............. 7. p
7.3Ua 2.lop ............Lv.. .. .. .. Gainrvilit.. ..... Arl.. ...... A p ............ 4p
iu.ual i.iupI 5..,pl .4l.,alLv .......... Palatka .......... ..ArllU.30al Z.5p 1.0a .30p
.2.lUpi 6.3u0p| i. py 4.3JplAr.. ...... Jacksonville.... .... LvI 9.40al12.30p 1.Sp 4.UOp
....... 1 ai............. .. |Lv.. .. ..St. Petersburg ........ArI10.0p....................
.......i 5.4aij. ....... IL... ..... .. .. Belleair.. .. .. .. .. ArL .45p....... .... ..
......l. a ............ Lv .. .....Lee burg........ Ar 4.4p ........... .......
7.00a112.4UpJ ....... ...... Lv. . .. O ican ... ....... Ari 2.0Up|....... I ....... 6.25
a J.a) j.~wp.t ............ r .. ...Galin. ville .. .. .. Lv 2.lp ............ 7.0Up
i.aia 1.45p ............. . a.. in, vili ........ Ar 1 u. ........ ... 4.4Ap
'.ujal J.IupI....... ....... .... ... PalatK... .... ll... Ar .I....1...... .... I .p
'.i.Upl b.30p ....... .... .... ..JacKsonville .... .. Lv 1.4u.l .............. 4.1f
I'FROM JACKSONVILLE TO JESSIJP, AVA.'..,AH AND CHABRLESTON
1 1 1i 26 1 34 I 32 1 38 | 1 | 44 78
i.v Jacksonville .............. I ..Uua|l i.JUa b.UOa| b.uuajl..10p 1.35p 7.46p 7.4ipj .45p
Ar % aycross.... ............ i .aUa| 9..ai .Aual.a| 1.OOp 8.3up| .3p *S.4upjUi.iap
Ar Jessup...... ........... I 8.lUai.......llU.ailaU.a 2.4p 4.2p I XU.3Up1V.4U,||1.Wp
Ar Savannah ..................iiu.uali... ...|ilp12.1p 4.p S.42pI l.Ai......1.
AC Cnhairleslon................ I3....... ....... ..... I .... ....... I....... b.
FIt'UM CHARLESTON, SAVANINA.ti AND JESSUP TO JACKSONVILLI.


12 1 13 151351 37 1311 11 N ; V


Lv Chariesu, i ...... .. ........ l.1pl................ .4al 6.30al.......I....... ... I..
Yv bavan ............... a.... .ual........I 5.al .4ua 9i.UoaiO.a I p .00p.......
Lv Jessup. ...... .... j.1al 6.41Ua 7."l110.a a11.2t4a13.57p 4.M61p 6.p.......
Lv Way,-s ..... ....... I 3.4'a- a.3Ual .Iaitl ba...allu.21aP2Pl .6p -P .p S.Wpl s.40p
.\r JaQKsons1..iu.... ....... I 7.30al 38.ial 9.2Oal|1.oUal 1.Iupl 2.36p| 7.40pl0.OmplAu. .uj
Jacksunvi.ic, T''liUouavilie and Mont- \ aycross and Brunswick.
gu.,eriy. hbastbound. Westbound
Northbound Southbound 8C I I I 8d I a.


, I 1 23 1 27
7.45pi 6.uv.., Ji.nsualvfle Arl 7.3lailU.40p
iU.1api 9.aaal- v acccrulls ..Lv 0.1va 8 4u
aaiduSLa 6 3. 5o
L.3cal I..UlAr T'humasvlle Lvi S"I~l 5.wp
92Vup1Ar. kuituig'ery .Lvl i.45pll.".a


9.lOpl 7.15aILv. Waycross Ar 9.3:0l .u0p
l.j~pilu.l1al|iAr Brunswick Lv 0.30a .Op
Waycross and Albany.
*Vestbound Eastbound.
a I 7 I I o 80o s
j.-pliu.lualLv. Waycross .Ar 6.45|1 7.40p
,.4oai 2.iUplAr Albany Lvill.01l 3.46p


Connections made at Charleston with A..antic Coast Line. At Savannah with
Suutnein t.iwauy Central ul veorgia Ratiway, UOean Steamship Company and
.uerchanLs and ,nerr Traispuurati on Company. At Jesup with Southern Rail
way. At MunMLomery wtth Luuisville and NaahvUlle Railroad and Mobile & Ohio
i.atroad. .t .. .uany w.Lh Central of oeurgia railway.
PLA. hil.EAkMHklll LINE--1Steamshipa Mascotte and Olivette.
.>lon., Thurs. and Sat..iu.,up....Lv.. Purt TampaAr..IU.00a Tues., Thur. and Sun
lues., iri. iand dun.... J.uvu....Ar..lhy \et.... Lv.. 7.Op Mon., Wed. and Bat.
f'ues., Frn. and Sun..... .uup.. ...Lv.. ey \Vest....Ar.. 6..0p Mon., Wed. and Bat.
\\ed., 6aL. a..c .Aoua.... ......avana.. iavaa.. Lv..l12.3p Mon., Wed. and Lat.
Informtatiun leUartling schedules, tihruuuj car arrangements, reservations, etc.,
ilay ULe asc -icd ulull appiluatlun tO
GkLOl c. H. PAi.trilLL, City Tiuket Agent. 136 W. Bay Street. Jacksonville.
U. W. Wl~.;,,. Passenger Traflic Manaugr, H. C. MeCFADDEN, DIv. Pass Ag.
Savannah. Ga. Jacksonville. Fla.


i.n't that monkey out there just too
sweet for anything! I wish I had one
like that.
He-Say that you will have me, dear-
est, and the monkey is yours.-Boston
Courier.

AN INSINUATION.
Husband-That tramp I met at the
gate told me he weighed 250 pounds.
Wife-What a story teller! Why, he
told me when I fed him that he only
weighed a hundred.
Husband-Yes, my dear, but that
was before he had eaten those biscuits
of yours.

DRAWN FROM LIFE.
Critic-I must congratulate you on
the villain of your play. He leaves the
impression of having been drawn from
the life.
Author-He was. I may say to you
that he is an exact portrait of myself
as my wife depicts me in our hours of
ease.-Brooklyn Life.


SOFTLY SUGGESTED.
"Don't you enjoy hearing the old
songs?" asked the young man with a
Sentimental look in his eye.
"Yes," answered Miss Cayenne. "Do
you know any?"
"Yes; what's wour favorite?"
"Oh, It depends on the mood I
chance to be in. You don't know
'Bid Me Good-bye and Go,' do you?"


THE NECESSARY MATERIAL.
"Good afternoon, Cuttah, me boy!"
snmilingly exclaimed Cholly Owensome,
entering his favorite tailor's; "I'd like
to look at some stuff that would make
me a nice, dwressy suit."
"Sorry to disappoint you," grimly re-
plied Cutter; "but I don't happen to
have fifty dollars about me, at pres-
ent."--Puck.


Let us give you prices on you job
work.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 223


JLOEIDIANA.

Another big dredge is to be put to
work on the new government chan-
nel. Mr. Rittenhouse R. Moore, the
contractor, who is doing the work, has
ordered anotherof the interesting suc-
tion machines to this port. It is ex-
pected to arrive in a few days. The
dredge now employed is employing two
icews, and working unremittedly, both
night and day. The new one will be
worked on the same schedule. The
contract calls for the completion of
the work by June 30. A little over one-
half of the distance has already been
cut. It is not believed that Contractor
Moore will have any difficulty in finish-
ing the work on schedule time.
G. H. Hagan, in charge of the weath-
er-bureau at Tampa, has been notified
that Egmont Key is to be made a dis-
play station. Mr. Hagan has been
working hard to get this established
ever since he has been in Tampa, and
is much gratified to see the order. He
recognized the value of the key as a
display station, owing to the fact that
vessels passing could get information
without coming in, and he at once be-
gan working for this end. That it is
successful is due to him, and marine
interests will be materially benefited
by this accomplishment.
Mr. J. F. Anderson, a barber by
trade, who is now at Britton's tonso-
r:al parlors, started out in May, 1897,
to make a tour of the world within
tive years. He has already journeyed
through all the States of the Union
except the Carolinas, which he expects
to do and reach New York by some
time next month. Thence he will sail
lor England and continue his trip
throughout that country, Ireland, Scot-
land, Wales, France, Greece, the Holy
Land, Egypt, India, China and Japan.
He is traveling upon his own resources
and taking time to acquaint himself
with the customs and conditions of the
people of all places visited.-Tallahas-
seean.
The case of Elizabeth Jackson is at
au end. It has been on the docket for
eighteen years. Itj has become almost
as famous as Dickens' chancery case,









EMULSION

OF COD-LIVER OIL WITH
HYPOPHOSPHITES

should always be kept in
the house for the fol-
lowing reasons:

FRSrT- Because, If any member
of the family has a hard cold, it
will cure It.
O m --Because, If the chil-
dren are delicate and sickly, it will
make them strong and well.
iRn --Because, if the father or
mother Is losing flesh and becom-
ing thin and emaciated, it will build
.hem up and give them flesh and
strength.
FOURTH- Because it is the
standid remedy ih all throat and
lung affections.

No household should be without It.
*It can be taken in summer as well
as in winter.
w ad 1., a e drugiestl
SC A, ;ZOW ssst. Now To


I


every instance accepted, and probably
- thousand people received the cov-
eted introduction. The receiving hour
was set for i o'clock, and bearing in
mind the punctuality which is one )ft
the characteristics of the Admiral tihe
throng arrived promptly.-St. Aug,;s-
:ine Record.
The Knight of the Antilles, a new-
organization with headquarters and
home office at Key West, is soon to be
oilganized. It is a fraternal and bene-
ficiary order of three degrees and a
uniform rank. T'" i order is to be ex-
tended into the Vlnirt-d States, Mexico,
C-ntral and Sout': .- !:erlea, West In-
dies and the Bahamas.
Henry Green, a wealthy lumber
dealer of Boston, and a .winter resi-
dent of Altamonte Springs, has pur-
chased the Sanford Novelty Works,
owned by George W. Middlehauff, and
will immediately commence to operate
them. Mr. Dean purchased the Din-
hel mill proloerty last week, and the
novelty works will be run in connec-
tion with the mill. This will revive an
important industry in Sanford on a
large scale, as the entire product will
lie mhiliped to Mr. Green's lumber yarll
:n Boston.-Pensacola News.
E. B. Whlidden, one of the contrac-
tors for the construction of the Geor-
*ia and Florida Railroad, between
White Springs and Welborne, states
hint tie road. which will lie nine miles
:n length, will be completed and turn-
tl over to the owners, Camp Bros., of
White Springs, within the next three
weeks.
Probably the largest catch of shad
for several seasons was made by Mr.
AW. N. Leffler's men this week. Fif-
teen hundred were brought in Monday
and one thousand Wednesday. besiltes
smaller catches Tuesday and Thurs-
day. Several hundred bream, cat,
erlch, bass, etc., were caught, but the
shad are what the boys are especially
Pioud of. Tle catch was shipped
North without delay.-Gate City
( chronicle.
I. B. Gaskins of Calhoun county,
has made a deal with Colonel F. A.
aSnlonlonaon for 22,000 acrie of tlmbePt
land in Calhoun county. The land was
owned by foreign persons and repre-
sented by Colonel Salomonson. The
price is not given, but those who
know say that the check is a fat one.-
Lakeland Sun.


tii

betwaepse .. e


ida EFnat Coast Ry.
TIME TABLE NO. 32. IN EFFECT FEB. 1. 1900.


rND (Read Down.)


No.w No.3 No.35 No.N.
Daily Daily Daily Daily


and occupies a big place in the judicial F lo
literature of Florida, having been be- F lo r
fore the Supreme Court several times.
'The property at one time was valuable,
l:ut now is not worth even the sumil SOUTH
SOULI BOU
that has been paid out on it in attor- 31 No
iieys' fees and court charges.-Ocala Daily Iaiiy
Banner. Mon. exM
A dastardly fiend has been terroriz- 45 p i2p
ing Key West for the past week, ........
throwing carbolic acid on laides at..
night. The first attempt was Tuesday ... .
evening at the corner of Eaton and Du- ....
tal streets, when two young ladies had .. -
their dresses ruined. They noticed a l
irlan following them, but did not pa.
lny attention to him. 'hen he came L
Iear them they heard a queer noise, the
smell of the acid. When the man dis- s
appeared d quickly. The next attempt "-
was Thursday night, and two cases -s
have been reported to the police tllc
deed being done on Duval street. A 15 -
sharp lookout is being kept for the "

The Ponce de Leon has been til t.
scene of many magnificent levec,. In; .
none of them have excelled .n irill.alitc ? "
the splendor the reception given ;o Ad- .; -
milral George Dewey, the nation s lhei-.
The invitations sent were in almost
every ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ i intac accled an roal


(Read Up) NOBTH BOUND.


STATIONS.
L.LT.J'kville..Ar
SAr.A'g'tineLv
SLvS.A'g'tineAr
Hastings.Lv
SAr. Palatka "
Ar..Paltka..Lv
Lv..Palatka..Ar
Arhan MiteoLv
LvSan MateoAr
LvE.PalatkaAr
" ..Ormond.Lv
" ..Daytona. "
".P.Orange. "
" N.Smyra "
S..Oak Hill. "
Titusville "
Sit Point
Rockledgo "
Melbourne "
S.Roaeland. "
.ebastian. "
.t. Lucie.
".F. Pieroe. "
..Tibbasl. "
...Eden....
...Jensen.. "
...tuart.. "
.H. Sond.
W.Jnpiter"
"W.P.B'ch"
ArP.B'ch Inn "
LvR. P'ciana
P. B'chAr
.Boynton Lv
...Delray.. "
'" .F. L'da.. "
"Lem. ity "
Ar Minmi -


No.78a No., o.2a o.la
Daily Daily Daly Daily
T7ap =7loploTop Tlia
Sozp oejp Soup 6G0.
6 sp 6p 86op 64a"
5 1a p ...... .. .. . "...
516p 545p 8 15p 0056
411Z 445p o2Up ......
.. ... .. T. 7p .
710 710p ......
5l2p 644p 8 12p 0
346p 438p 701p 44d&
335p 42p 61ip 4 81t
SaUip 40p, 627p 406a
43p ...... .....
135p 233p ..........
1 p 22up ...........
12443p I4op 487p.....
123Bp 141p 428 ......
11 56a .................
11 52 ............ .....
11 a ...... ... ....
1056a 1215p 806p 412
10 30a ............ ...
10 26a ..................
10 21a ..................
10 11a ...............
0 41a ..................
9 .l- ..................

84, .lIa 1-- 1040p
84 a,1lu20 11 pl4p
825 95S9a.12iL, IJ20p
7 1 ...... ... 1 58p
7 4a ........... B50p
658a ............ 91p
6 a ......... 8 pl
11 -" 1. ."


- U-6 uUVL, 6,j) L DtaL0l.iJWli fllACAU


Szmyrna and Orange
ty Junotion.


_ i oT'ATO'f~N INo2. No.4
'v New bmy a 8l27p 710p
S- l.;:ke Helen. Lv 242p, 6op
i I Olange City.. C 82] iip
... Ar.OiangeC'y Jet. 227t 5 Jp
Al itLtis x e-een 2esw Smyrma and Orange
'iiv Juun ion daily.


AO0.415 A.W
Daily Daily
ex Suex kill





TIM

'1~j t'i;










I I'
.. .. .
.. . . .

.. .. .. ..
.. . .. .


Between Titus .le and Sanford


No.11 STATIONS. INo
S -Lv........... Titnsville ..........Ar.T
7l1a ............Mims.............LvE 12P
S" ............ Oseen.. ...... 11
86a ...........Enterprise.......... .U Ws
Ia Ar ....... anford...........
All train between Titusville and aSford
daily except Spnday.


Btweteenti aack villea &a Pablo Beaci.
S These Time Tables show the times at which
S.TAT ONS. No.1 rains and boats may be expected to arrive and
. .. 1 .-;. .nvillo .... Ar, .. t!epart from the several stations and ports,
SarLv. o a. so llet u Ar their arrival or departure at the times
-...aAr. .al.o Beach.........Lv, 5 15 stated is not guaranteed, nor does the Oom-
All trains be wtee: o. Jacksonville and Pabl any hotin itself responsible for any delay or
FEcu-h (aiiy except Sunday. any consequences arising therefrom.

Florida East Coast Steamship Co.
PROPOSED SAILlNOS:
IAMI-HAVANA LINE, .
Leave M'ami Sundays and Wednesdays..................... .................... :80 p. m.
Arrive Havana MontMays and Thursdays................... ....................... 8.00 p. n.
Leave Havanr *e-.oavs and Fridays ......................................................11 a. m.
Arrive tiamin: we.ieuays and Saturdays ..................................... 65 0 a. m.
MIAI-KEY WEST LINE, .
Leave Miami Monsdays, Wedneays and ridays. ............ ... .................11: m.
Ar-ive Ky Was, W 'e day Thra nyl aad Satl.d.Ly I-,,,,,,,,s,,,, .,,,,, ,,,1B.....igB
Ljeat, Kle We]i Tvt.' ays, Thursiays anasatulrays .................................... 8 p. m
Arrive Miami Wtmir.s-ays, Fridays and Sundays ....................................... 600 a. m.
S. AMI-NASSAU LINE, .
Leave Mism ii I tesdrnvs. Wednesday and Fridays (Standar -"e) .................... 8 .ma-
Arrive N:K'au T ays, Thursdays and Saturdays. ................
LtaIv uii iowta i ciL ThursdaT and betnrdare (NeW I e) ................. .-.iL Em
,v -mi t lns ays. Fridys and Sundays........................
a ie r, e a et pro ,osed sahiinge during February and March.
After Apri: is here wili be two sailings per week
Y-r ton)y ,ii .-a, liine card call at ;M West Bliy street. Jacksonville, or adtreaa
iP H KWITH, Trattic Manager. .1 D. RAHNER, A. P.. .A

osN -Js QNlE DOLLAR
t....6 i. n. .. .n....ia e..o..,2 .se. i.e shid ,,s .s.sestkW
c 0H'OV-16 1 Y. *11fib likk Yt rMb'& a .h 71 5 lls Vt IN g, Is tif IN
etIxID'alu. You canexamine it at yournearest feightpo
at if you find it exactly as represented. equal tw rgns that
retail at $7.00 to $100.00, the greatest value yoever saw and
far matter than organs advertised by others at more money, ay
th.. freight agent our specled 90 days' ffe pr'., 31.75a
less the 1.00, or $30. it, and freight charg e
$31.75 IS OUR SPECIAL 90 DAYS' PRICE -..-al
eid others. Such an ffer was naver made prid sha
THE ACME QUEEN isoneo ftheM4It&tEiLEAND5WlUTES
Fr. i.ttsnn.fs e-rr nade. From the llumtration shown, which
is nirr.ved direct from a phtographyo an formsome ideaol it
bea;itiful appearance. Mae eri Illd quarter sawed
oak, antique finish, handsomely decortedandornamente,
latest 1899 style. THE ACE QVrES i 6feet 6 inches high,
2i inches long, 23 inches wide and weighs 3O0 pounds Con-
tins 5 octaves, 11 stops, as follows: la .l, Prato pal,
ViIseass reE Eles, t" a5k Can ,a iwteL
elie pbna Fs e i amor I ianaslin a io le ter
I Tos elI, I G1ds O- S-ell, 4 eta Geesalal S..ed
eanomste Pipe Qalty Bnedk, 1 8 Wag? ; IPeo sweel Exl Bo a
Red Set of8 tl Csarulg WH5llatCestot reseed, Set eo
4 Rich Rello 8sooath DLapasn erds, 1 et ef e4 Pleaseng
iaon aeldams Prnelpal Reedst THE ACME QUEEN Ac-
tion consist of the celebrated ne.cll i e wrhichare only
,eed in the highest grade instruments; fitted with amn-
waRd saRpEe"m sad fx (iama, also best Dolge felts,
:eathers, etc., bellows of the best rubber clotS, -ply
bellows stock and finest leather in valves. I IE
ACME QUEEN is fur-shed with a 10xl1 beveled
plate French mirror, nickel plated pedal frame,
and every modern improvement. We rak e a ban
to~e orga stool ad as ga bet l uets b==k paisbhed
GUARANTEED 25 YEARS. 'th everye'l
gulln 0 Nm we
issue a written binding 2-year guarantee, by the
terms and conditions of which if ay ert
s will rsi.-l your money you am ntperfi ly
s.at fled. 5ll of these organs will be sid at f1. I
OWOER AT ONCE. DON'T ]DELAY.
OdJR LIABILITY IS ESTABUSHED h -you
have
not dea.i wit!, us ask your neighbor about us.write . .
the pub.,her of this paperor Metropoltan National -
a or -rn Exchange Na' Bank. Chicago; or German Exchange Bank, New York; or any railroad orexpes
company in hicago. e ba asipal s r ove 00,$W .0, occupy entire one of thlargest business blocks in
Chicago, ano 'mpioy nearly 2,000 people n our own building. WE SELL ORGAN AT ILeL s.d anp; PIANOS, S1160ll
mad ap also evrTythng in musical instrument At lowest wholesale prices. Write for free peial orgla, o
and music I instrument catalogue. Addsem, (sewsra, roul & oman anss iSAGU .-
SKAR8 ROiPUME. A 0. (o.). FultR DUlaims zad Wam Sts 014110C 00. ILL;


III


__ __ ~ __ ___ __


I ._


_i _ C___ ~____~ _~


4 it 905p824
V~ IC 8l~ 529p
---a; ylcA Sl8
14a a...... 9 4
.9lap....91
n......10 UP






224 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


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Dear Sir:
Just 90 days from the time our factory and warehouses were burned we
moved into our new building, and are now in better shape to take care of our
trade than ever before. With a building made especially for our purposes and
up-to-date machinery for grinding and mixing we are prepared to do more and
better work than by the old system.
We wish to heartily thank those of our customers who have favored us
with their orders since the fire and by their patience have enabled us to hold
our business together so well under such trying circumstances.
If you are already a customer, our goods have recommended themselves.
If you are not a patron, why not? We are giving you the best values for your
money, we are located in the state and our interests are identical with yours.
We have our own orange groves and gardens where our fertilizers are practical-
ly tested so that we are better able to supply goods that are especially
adapted to the requirements of our soil and climate.
Write and tell us how much you want and what it is for and we will quote
you bottom prices. Yours truly,
E. 0. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
We furnish any and all kinds of Fertilizing flaterials and Chemicals.
2? 1.t P
0- ..r2 IM .M 11-'. .'


A High-Grade Fertilizer
MUST HAVPr


QUALITY!


REPUTATION


"Tiie IDE AT BRANDS
0 &%ftl H AV ETH ES E. TW'HE .
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices.
II )FAI. FRUIT AND VINE ................$3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all craps)........... $, per ton
S.TIDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.....$28.oo per ton
S)EAL POTATO MANL RE .................$3o.oo per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I.................. 28.oo per ton
I)EAL VEGETABLE MANIRE ........... $3o.0o per ton CORN FERTILIZER... .............. .....$o.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .TFPR COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Pi's Foot Irand Blood and Bone, $17.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, 44.o0 per to.


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D. 0. PAINTDR a GO., Proprietors.
JACKSONVILLE. -