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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00013
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: March 28, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00013
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text


























Vol. XXVII, No. 13. Whole No. 1363.


Forty Bean Stalks.
Editor Florida Agrieu tuist:
Forty stalks of any prolific bean of
the pole variety will be plenty for a
family of from six to eight persons.
Two parallel trenches should be con-
structed preferably in line with the sun
at 2 o'clock, about 8 feet apart, 24
inches broad and from 12 to 18 inches
deep. The trenches may be 35 feet long.
A plow and shovel may be used in con-
structing them. From 5 to 8 'bushels
of fresh, fine stable manure, such as
has never been packed in the stable usu-
ally dry and light may then be mixed
with about five times the quantity of
rich mold, preferably from the woods.
In order to correct the excess of nitro-
gen in the stable manure, 12 pounds of
kainit and 8 pounds of acid phosphate
can be advantageously employed. In
lieu of the kainit, 2 pounds of muriate
of potash may be used. Mix all thor-
oughly and combine therewith a proper
quantity of the top soil that was thrown
out, to fill the trenches from 4 to 6
S1 the Voil in
the trenche emes, as it will, the sur-
face should still be several inches above
a'level, thus preventing damage to the
plants in case of wet weather. A proper
quantity of the fertilizer mixture should
be reserved for a top dressing of the
trenches. Plant from two to three
beans in the trenches 18 inches apart.
Repeat this once a week until danger
from late frost passes. In case of dam-
age from frost, a stand can thus be pro-
cured without the delay incident to re-
plaiting. At the proper time, thin to
one stalk. As a matter of experiment,
the trenches may be extended beyond
the 35 feet, a few additional hills plant-
ed, leaving single stalks 3 feet apart,
and the result noted.
If it be desirable to grow green beans
for edible purposes, rather than seed,
it will be well to apply from 2 to 4
pounds of nitrate of soda as a top dres-
sing and work it into the soil, prefer-
ably at three or four different times,
commencing soon after the plants come
up. The nitrogen will develop the foli-
age and pods, retard ripening and con-
sequently prolong the period of bear-
ing. Cultivate thoroughly alter each
rain, the first two workings deep, the
residue shallow. Continue this until
the vines commence running. Then
place a ridge pole midway between the
two trenches about 8 feet from the
ground and support properly. Strips,
or small poles, should then be placed,
one end resting on the ground near
the. vines, the other on the ridge pole.
A structure like the roof of a house will
thus be formed for the vines to run on.
Corn stalks of last year's growth will
be very convenient for placing on the
ridge pole, in which case two additional
poles should be placed as a support for
the stalks, one on either side, midway
between the top pole and ground. When
stalks are used, it will be a good plan
to gather soon after maturity and place
under shelter until wanted. With the
completion of the arbor, cultivation on
the inside will, of course, cease, but it
should be continued on the outside un-
til the vines become too dense to be
worked. It will be very convenient to
go beneath the arbor to gather the
beans hanging from the vines. People
who have never tried this plan will be


DeLand Fla., Wednesday, March 28, 190.


astonished at the quantity that can be
grown from a few vines. When gath-
ering the beans, it may be well to gath-
er close at one end of the arbor and
leave those at the other end for seed,
or other purposes. An early medium
and late patch may be planted, but it
will be well to prepare the ground for
all in early spring, better still, in the
winter. It may be well to procure the
seed from some reliable seedsman.
Bryan Tyson.
Hallison, N. C.

Farmers should keep their eyes on
the experiments made at the experi-
ment stations of the country, and hav-
ing special regard to the soil and cli-

mate.

The Great Southern Forage Plant.
The United States Department of
Agriculture has issued a valuable bul-
letin of that the greatest of Southern
forage plants. From this we extract
the following in reference to the feed-
ing value of the plapt gd its fertiliz-
ers, where fertilizers are necessary.
Feeding Value of Cowpeas.-The
feeding value of cowpea hay is very
high, as shown by feeding tests and
chemical analyses. Berckmans states
that the well-cured hay is more nutri-
tious- than any hay produced from
grass, millet, or any other plant used
for the purpose, and that one ton of it
will last as long as a ton and a half of
the best timothy. One hundred pounds
of the green vines contain 16.4 pounds
of total dry matter, of which 1o pounds
are digestible. One hundred pounds of
the hay contain 89.3 pounds of the to-
tal dry matter, of which 50.7 pounds
are digestible. The digestiblae crude
protein in the hay amounts to 10.79
pounds in comparison with o1.58 "for
alfalfa, o1.49 for crimson clover, 6.58
for red clover, and 2.89 for timothy.
The digestible carbohydrates and fat
amount to 39.91 pounds in every ioo
pounds of cowpea hay, 38.71 for alfalfa,
39.42 for crimson clover, 37.o0 for red
clover, and 45.15 for timothy. The av-
erage nutritive ratio of cowpea hay is
1:3.9; of alfalfa, 1:3.8; of crimson clover,
1:3.9; of red clover, 1:5.9; and of tim-
othy, 1:16.2. The green cowpea vines
are more succulent than red clover or
any of the grasses, containing less dry
matter per total weight.
The feeding value of the hay is
shown by the nutritive ratio which rep-
resents the relation of the digestible
crude protein. to the carbohydrates and
extract matter. Thus, for every pound
of digestible crude protein in cowpea
hay there are 3.9 pounds of digestible
carbohydrates and fat. In order to in-
sure uniform growth of an animal and
get the full feeding value of all the con-
stituents of a forage, the ration must
be properly balanced. The nutritive
ration of cowpea hay is narrower than
can be properly utilized by the animal,
and to get the full benefit of all the
crude protein in the plant, hay or
coarse fodder containing an excess of
the carbohydrates must be added to 'the
daily ration. A practical farmer, writ-
ing from Southern Mississippi, says
that excellent results were obtained
through feeding two parts of cowpea
hay to one part of crab grass or tim-
othy, and when using this ration very


$2 per Annum, in Advance.


little grain was required, especially clover, rye, or vetches, should be plant-
when the hay contained much of the ed to prevent the leaching and washing
pods. If cowpea hay be fed without action of the winter rains.
the admixture of some coarse forage
or grass hay, a portion of the protein
will be wasted through inability of the 5tafte Tarm IZnatiute.
animal to digest and assimilate the Arrangements are being made for a
whole amount. Cowpea hay is used on State Farmers' Institute, to be held at
many of the Southern sugar and rice Lake City on April 4. 5 and 6, to close
plantations for the horses and mules, the present institute season. Each day
and it is found that work stock keep in will be devoted to a distinct class of
excellent condition upon it, requiring subjects, so that persons not disposed
very little grain, to spend three days may select the day
Fertilizers.-It has been found that, in which they are particularly interest-
as a rule, it does not pay to use high- ed. The arrangements will be approx-
grade .commercial fertilizers on cow- imately as follows, although the full
peas; this, however, depends a good program is not yet arranged:
deal on the soil and on what crop is to April 4, Horticultural Day.-First,
follow. It is usually unprofitable to fer- vegetable and truck crops; second,
tilize with expensive nitrogen, in the small fruits; third, citrus and tree fruits.
form either of nitrate of soda or of April ,5 General Farm Day.-Firat,
guano, arid even the organic nitrogen staple crops; second, cane and rice:
of cotton seed meal does not act upon third, cassava and new crops.
this crop as rapidly as upon cotton and April 6, Live Stock Day.-First, feed-
the cereals. The nitrogen of the fer- ing; second, dairying; third, breeding
tilizers seems not to influence the per- and diseases.
centage of protein in the crop, and the It is intended that, in addition to the
general opinion of agrig~arUag in the members of the ttf a staff asdAw
South is that it does .at ae a sufi- aM C I* it f
cient increase in yield of vines to pay shall include the best a md moet ut
the cost. At the Delaware station i6o enced practical men along the line
pounds of muriate of potash per acre mentioned, so that the institute will be
doubled the yield of vines, and super- a school and great experience meeting,
phosphate produced no effect. At the taken part in by the men who have
Georgia station combinations of super- been most successful in their calling.
phosphate and potash gave the best re- All railroads in the State will furnish
suits, but later experiments there indi- round-trip tickets for one fare, and ho-
cated that large amounts of potash are tels in Lake City will greatly reduce
unprofitable, and that superphosphate regular prices. The public is cordially
at the rate of from zoo to 4oo pounds invited.
per acre gave better results. Super-
phosphates are very much preferable to Plaming P mlapp.
untreated rock phosphate. The latter
can be sold at lower rates, and it re- C. W. Hill, the genial agent of the
mains to be seen whether it would not Florida East Coast Railway, at the
be a profitable method to apply the soft freight depot at Miami, is a hustler.
phosphate to the cowpeas for the bene- Last summer he purchased a tract of
fit of the succeeding crop in the rota- land at Cutler, containing both pine and
tion, for it has been found that the in- prairie. He had three acres cleared
soluble phosphoric acid of the untreat- and planted in pineapples. The plant-
ed rock becomes changed to forms ing was completed about September I.
available as plant food in the presence Mr. Hill has now one of the finest pine-
of large amounts of decaying vegeta- apple plantations in Dade county. His
ble matter in the soil. If it is found Porto Ricos stand at least three feet
that this process can be relied upon, high, and his Red Spanish two to two
then the cowpea will have another val- and a half feet. Soon after planting he
able quality added to it, namely, that applied one ton tobacco stems and 350
of being able to change into high-grade pounds each of cotton seed meal and
and more costly superphosphate the tobacco dust. He is now putting on
low-grade and cheap but unavailable the same amount of cotton seed meal
phosphoric acid of the untreated rock. and tobacco dust. There is every indi-
The chief functions of this crop, then cation that Mr. Hill will have a full
are to furnish large amounts of nitro- crop of pines next season. The growth
gen abstracted from the air and fixed of these plants has been something very
in the roots and stubble in a conveni- remarkable, and proves that the Cutler
ently available form for the use of suc- pine lands are adapted to growing this
ceeding crops; second, to produce a luscious fruit successfully. Mr. Hill
large yield of vines and peas rich in plants in the open, using no shade. He
digestible protein, which, either as hay is so much encouraged with his first
or for soiling purposes, will take the experiment in growing pines that he
place of concentrated nitrogenous will plant six acres more during the
foods; and, third, to supply humus, coming summer. He planted two acres
which acts directly and indirectly to of tomatoes early in the season on pine
produce fertility by breaking down and land, and has gathered a bountiful crop.
rendering available the basic minerals He has also two acres of cucumbers
of the soil. The fertilizing value of the planted in pine land, which, it is said,
nitrogen in the vines is entirely dissi- is the banner crop in that section. He

pated or greatly diminished by weath- will commence shipping cukess" about
ering when they are left on the surface the middle of February. He has eight
of the field during the winter. Hence, acres of glade land planted in tomatoes,
to secure the full value, the cowpeas from which he has begun shipping. Mr.
should be fed and the stable manure Hill says of this crop: "It could not be
returned to the field. If the vines are better. It is simply wonderful how to-
plowed under in autumn, a winter for- mato plants grow and fruit on this
age crop, such as winter oats, crimson land."-Homeseeker.








194 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Now to Grow Broomcorn.
A correspondent of the Times-Union SIModan of oda


and Citizen, writing on the subject of
broomcorn culture, says:,
Broomcorn will.grow wherever corn
will, and is a much surer crop, be-
cause it will stand a good deal more
drouth than corn. It should be plant-
ed in relays about two weeks apart,
so as to bring it to harvest at intervals,
for it is of the highest importance to
harvest it properly when it has reach-
ed the proper stage. It will not brook
delay. Dry seasons produce a larger
yield than wet ones, for in wet seasons
it grows to stalk and has shorter brush
and the brush is what we want.
The following from the Farm and
Ranch is applicable to Florida, except
that the planting is too thick for our
thinner soils. The stalks should be six
inches apart in Florida culture. L. M.
"I do not believe we can i4oe broom-
corn in this country in job lots for the
wholesale trade, and realize any prof-
its. The expense of raising and mar-
keting takes the profit to a large
extent. But, on the other hand, a man
can realize a good, honest livelihood
out of home grown broomcorn. We
grow our own brush and make it into
brooms, and find a ready sale. This I
believe to be the only way a man can
realize a profit from broomcorn. I be-
lieve in home industry; raise your
brush at home, and make it up *at
home and sell it at home and abroad.
Then will the man who raises broom-
corn, expecting to make a big thing,
learn a lesson. Broomcorn is easy to
raise and care for, if a man will exer-
cise good judgment. Plant about the
first of April in rows about four feet
apart; plant about four pounds of seed
per acre. If the seed is clean a com-
mon corn planter can be so arranged
as to plant the proper quantity. The
corn should be thinned out until the
corn stalks stand about two or three
inches apart in the row, or if very good
land, would not hurt to let it stand a
little thicker. Cultivate as common
corn. When the brush is at its best,
or rather, when the seed begins to turn
from its light color, and before the
brdsh begins to turn red, it should be
cut in haste. Walk between two rows,
reaching as high as possible; break
the stalk down, breaking both rows as
you go, and break both toward you.
When you have gone around this way
(four rows), take your knife and start
back the way you came, cutting the
brush off, leaving a stem of about six
inches. When you have a handful of
brush, break a few stalks down just
behind you, so the stalks will be be-
tween you and the two rows first
broken. Lay your handful of brush on
this as it protects it from the ground;
put what is convenient on this, and
make more to suit. On the two other
rows you can use these piles also.
Whe nthe cutting is done, if there
be any likelihood of rain, gather up
your brush and make a good bottom
with stalks; lay your brush on this in
two piles, with heads together; cover
over good with stalks, and your brush
is safe. But if weather is favorable,
let it lie for one day and night, and
then gather up. After a few days your
brush will be cured and have a fine
green color. Haul it when convenient
and stack it in large piles as you like,
and, if dry, it will keep safe and sound.
Then it is ready for the threshers and
the broommaker, who should be the
raiser."

Fertile ILa.wb.rry Blooms.,
Fertile strawberry blooms are readily
distinguished from barren ones, but


has been adopted by the Agricul-
tural Experiment Stations all over
the world as the standard by which
to measure the availability of all
other forms of Nitrogen used as
fertilizers. It is the cheapest and
most concentrated fertilizer on the
market. Full information to be
had free by addressing John A.
Myers, 12-Y John St.,New York.
Nitrate for sale byfertilizer dealers every-
where.
WWire at ee for W of Detalae

amateurs are not generally observant
of the blooms, and in making the beds
take their chances in having enough
fertile or male plants with the female,
or barren ones, to produce berries.
Spring is the time to note the blooms,
and to mark the fertile plants, so when
new beds are made the plants may be
evenly distributed. All fertile (or pis-
tillate) or all barren (or staminate
blooms) in a bed will be non-produc-
tive. They must be set about seven to
one. Some experts say ten to one.
That is, every seventh or every tenth
plant must be fertile or pistillate. The
way to tell blooms is by the pistils
and stamens. The pistillate, fertile
blooms are small, with pistils crowded
together like a small, green berry in
the center of the flower; the staminate
or barren blooms are large and showy,
with yellow stamens in the center.
There may be a few pistils in barren
blooms, but not enough to make the
plant productive. These barren plants
are far more vigorous than the fertile
ones, and will outgrow the fertile
plants. A strawberry bed will often
be as white as snow in blooms, but no
berrieos will be nroduced. In common


Culture of the Peanut.
Preparation of the Land.--There is
no mystery connected with the culture
of the peanut crop or any special secret
knowledge as to the preparation of the
land. Any modes of preparation that
will reduce the soil to a finely pulver-
ized seed bed, light and friable to the
depth of four or five inches, will be
safe to adopt. Peanuts being planted
usually after corn, it is necessary to re-
move from the soil the butts of the
cornstalks, together with all other
roots, clods, etc. The ordinary course
followed by successful planters in va-
rious sections where peanuts are a
prominent crop, is to break up the land
with ordinary turn plow as soon in the
spring as the soil is in condition to be
worked, and then use a harrow or roll-
er or smoothing board in such a way as
to leave a level surface and seed bed,
such as is above described, all roots,
stumps, stones and clods having been
carefully removed.
Seed Selection.-While there is
among all planters a certain amount
of selection of seeds for planting,
more or less carefully done, according
to the skill of the farmer and the na-
ture of the crop which he is about to
plant, and in some cases extending to
an elaborate and long continued selec-
tion from the most prolific plants, yet
in the case of peanuts, where good seed
is of paramount importance, there
seems to be but little more than ordi-,
nary care taken in the selection of
seed-not more than in the saving of
that portion of the crop, which is to be
sold on the market.
The seed should not only be careful-
ly selected at the time of the planting,
carefully prepared so as not to break
the skin or kernel, and all immature,


parlance such beds are said to have shriveled, or musty seeds rejected, but
run out, when, in truth they are the esIecial care should be exercised at
free-growing staminate plants that tthe harvesting of the previous crop so
have crowded ont the pistilates. that the seed may be of as great vital-
Prevention is by cutting off the run- it as possible. The slightest frost up-
ners, which are more freely put forth o the peanut vines either before dig-
by the barren than by the pistillate going or after they have been dug and
plants. Cure is by re-setting the bed before they become thoroughly dried
with fertile plants for which purpose wi affect, to a heater or less egee
it is well to keep a small bed just of tie vitality of the kernel. Over heat-
pistillate plants to draw from. Go ing or mustiness is also detrimental to
around the beds and carefully note the tle kernel as a seed; consequently the
blooms, in spring, and mark with a seeds should be selected in the field
stake driven securely down in every before digging. They should be allow-
place wanting a fertile plant. Then in edto sun longer than peas intended for
September take such plants from the sale, that they may be drier, and even
reserve bed, or get them elsewhere, and should the pods lose color it does not
re-stock the bed. By this means straw- matter, as the kernel will not be af-
berry beds will not run out every third fected. They should be so stacked as to
year, as they are commonly allowed to be kept very dry, and should be picked
do and allowed to dry t thoroughly before
The cultivation of strawberries is a being packed away for the winter. The
different matter from selecting and best plan is to put them in bags in a
planting fertile and barren plants, but cool, dry loft where they will neither
one point of culture I fain would edge beat nor collect moisture. Not more
in right here, and that is, the import- than two bushels should be placed in
ance of mulching. This Is not done to one sack, and great care should be tak-
give warmth to the plants, for straw- en to have the air circulate freely
berries do not shrink from cold, but to among them.
equalize the upheaval by frosts, freez- As it requires two bushels of nuts in
ings and the thaws that follow. Pine the pods to give enough seed for an
needles, sawdust, straw, or any such acre, and some farmers plant from 50
mulch thickly applied will save the to 100 and even more acres, it is ne-
plants even-allowing upheavals. Straw- cessary to begin to shell the seed
berries need rich soil to feed on in the (nuts) several weeks before the time
growing months of the year. They are for planting. This requires some skill


It isn't the bodily sickness that hurts a
man. He couli stand that fairly well if his
mind were easy. But Americans re y.
They have work to do-plans to mak
--chemes to execute. Theyare"plung-
ers." They line p their incomes assoo
as the receive them or einest them
with the ide, of increase. They cmmt
affordtobesick. SicknessUi sae ity-
a fmancial Calamity
as well as a phys-
ical one. So the
ck man wom of i
and the more hey
When you worries, in to the
sicker he
grows.
Worry is a
good thing at





a twinge of rheumatism tells plainly
that your blood is impaired-wen you
are losing flesh and vitality, go to the
nearest dru store and get a bottle of Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery. It
is the greatest blood purifier and tissue
builder on earth. It cures rheumatism
and all other blood diseases by curing the
cause. It purifies the blood and put the
blood making organs into good, healthy,
working order. It tones up the stmah
stirs up the liver, helps the kidneys in
their work and puts suffering nerves at
rest. It contains no whisky, alcohol
opium or other dangerous dr an
does not, therefore, create a craving for
stimulants or narcotics.
James 9. CrIato, Bsq., of Sharibin.
Washington Co., Md. writes: "I wasab
nessin Baltimore, an had rheumatism fo three
months; couldn't walk at all. I tried the be
doctors I could get but they did me no god. I
took three bottles of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medi-
cal Discovery and it cured me sound. I came
home to Sharpsburg and there were three cues
of different diseases I advised the patients to
use Dr. Pierce's medicine, which they did, and
all were cured. I have sold over one hundred
dollars' worth of your medicine by telling peo-
ple howit cured me. You can write to our drug-
gist, Mr. G. F. Smith, in our town and he will
tell you what I did for you in rerd to selling
and advertising y nur great rmed= "

ed. In Virginia from May 1 to 20, is
probably the time during which the
larger part of the crop is planted, dan-
ger of killing frosts being past by that
time, although some farmers plant the
last week of April, and others not until
early June. In more southern latitudes
planting takes place in April, and far-
ther north not until. June. In no sec-
tion should the seed be planted until
all danger of the young plants being
injured by a late frost is over.
As soon as the farmer has satisfied
himself that the propitious time for
planting has arrived, his land being in
tine condition and his seed already pre-
pared for planting, the question for
him to decide is the distance between
the hills which is best suited to the
strength and fertility of his soil and to
the variety of peanuts he intends to
plant. As a part of this question he
has to determine whether he will plant
his seed in checks or in drills, both of
which methods are in use in nearly
every section where the peanut is
grown. The advantage of the old
method over the other will depend up-
on the freedom of the soil from weed
seed and upon the cost of labor. In
checks, the cost of planting is probably
greater than in drills, but if the ground
is somewhat full of weed seeds the
cost of cultivation in checks would
probably be less than in drills, because
of the ability of the horse implements


greedy plants, but make good return and care, both in opening tne poa to 10 more suceuelu kee uuwn the
for liberal culture. avoid the breaking of the skin of the weeds, as the field can be worked in
Belonging to the great composite! kernel and in selecting the sound and both directions very close to the young
family of plants, the strawberry botan- rejecting the imperfect kernels as they plants, leaving but little for the hoe to
nically is staminate and pistillate in are shelled; and the seed thus shelled do.
the same flower. Such is the case with must be kept in a dry, cool, airy place The distance between the drills or
the Alpine and the wild wood straw- until time for planting, hills is, as above stated, dependent up-
berry, but the hybridized, cultivated Planting.-The time for planting de- on the variety to be planted and the
sorts, have blooms differing as here de- pends upon the latitude, the distance fertility of the soil. In very fertile soil
scribed, and a knowledge of this fact from the sea, and the elevation of the and with the running Virginia nut,
will insure good crops of berries.-Ex. section in which the seed is to be plant- from three to three and one-half feet








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


square each way, is the required dis-
tance between the hills, with two ker-
nels to the hill; while with other varie-
ties, or on less fertile land, the dis-
tance between the hills can be reduced,
until on poor land with the Spanish
nut the distance will be determined by
convenience in using horse imple-
ments between the rows.
In drills, the causes stated above
would affect the choice of distance,
that most frequently chosen by the
planter being three feet between the
drills and fourteen Inches between the
hills down the drill, two "seeds to the
hill.
In checking the land for peas a sim-
ple and inexpensive marker is in com-
mon use for the first marking out of
the field. This consists of a piece of
scantling, four by four inches and six
or more feet long, through which in-
serted at distances equal to the re-
quired distance between the hills,
wooden pegs two by three inches and
eighteen inches long, shod at the ends
with iron. To the main bar are at-
tached a pair of shafts and handles to
be used in drawing and guiding the
Implement The cross marking is ua=
ally performed with a small turn
plow, the droppers following it, put-
ting two seeds to the hill, covering
them over with the hoe, or probably
more commonly the foot, to the depth
of one and one-half or two inches, al-
though some cover the need with a
small plow.
There is in use among peanut farm-
ers a planter planned somewhat after
the manner of a cotton-seed planter.
It is drawn by qne horse and Is ftted
with a "shoe," at the base of which the
kernels are dropped at distances from
eight to twenty inches apart, accord-
ing as the machine is geared, and are
covered by a concave wheel, which,
passing over the furrow, presses the
soil firmly down upon the seed.
Tillage.--The object of all plant cul-
tivation is to keep the soil In proper
condition for the growth of the plant.
An important means to that end is
the destruction of all weeds. Many
crops are injured by the lack of culti-
vation, more by improper cultivation,
"f eIm? undoubtedly by two fre-
quent cultivation. The maxim that
"the best cultivation is that given be-
fore the crop is planted, and the next
best is the one that is given it" at the
latter part of Its growth, is perhaps as
true of peanuts as any other crop. If
the farmer has prepared his land, hav-
ing it porous, pulverized, and free from
all weed seeds, there will be need
of very little cultivation. It is not so
much a matter of how nmanJ tmiirio lii
crop has been worked as in what con-
dition the crop is at any given time
that should determine the farmer in
his management of It.
The Implements of cultivation are
the plow, harrow, or cultivator, and
hoe, all of which are used by some
farmers, others dispensing with one
or two of them Where the ie~atse
are planted in checks the larger part
of the cultivation Is done with the har-
row or cultivator, while some cultivate
peanuts even with the drills, solely
with the aid of turn plow. Hoe work
being very inexpensive, the farmer
should strive to have his land in such
condition as not to require much of
it, and to so cultivate s1B crop in its
early stages as to prevent the growth
of grass, necessitating the use of the
hoe.
One method of weed destruction, as
practiced by a large numBer of peanut
planters is, just before the peanuts are


coming through the ground, say two
weeks after they had been planted, to
go over the field with a turn plow,
throwing the soil from both sides over
the drill' or hill, or where the seed was
first covered with the plow, throwing
the second furrow over them, and then
"blocking off" these ridges with light
wooden scrapers or "blocks," thus de-
stroying the first weed crop with very
little or no injury to the peanut plants.
Another method is to bar off the soil
from the vines, throwing it into the
balk and then a row dayo attorwarde
to send the harrow and hoes through
the field, leveling the ridge in the balk
and scraping off the narrow ridge be-
tween the plants, as in cotton culture.
After this use a double shovel every
ten days or two weeks until the field
has been gone over five or six times.
For the first two or three plowings
the shovels may be run deep, and after
that very shallow, each working being
a little farther from the plant than the
preceding one, to avoid disturbing
runners. The pods are laid by the mid-
dle of July or the first of August, and
the cultivation is finished by the lat-
ter date. After the peas begin to
spread it is difficult to clean them, and
therefore they should be thoroughly
cleaned while they are young.
Two methods of peanut culture in
vogue may be distinguished as the
"level" and "ridge" methods. In level
cultivation the turn plow has no Dlace.
but the work Is done almost entirely
with the cultivator, the field, when laid
by, presenting a flat appearance, much
resembling a clover field. In the ridge
method, the soil Ia. by the use of either
the cultivator or the turn plow, gradu-
ally worked from the balk to the vine,
so that after the last working the pea-
nut field much resembles a sweet pota-
to patch. Which of these two meth-
ods is of greater merit is perhaps not
definitely decided, or indeed which may
be more advantageous upon certain
soils and with certain varieties, al-
though the level cultivated field will
probably stand drought better than the
ridged.
The Nebraska Experiment Station
made an experiment on this subject.
Eleven rows were drilled three feet
apart, anu t iwie ten rieds apart down
the row. Every row was ridged and
the bloom was covered, while the al-
ternate rows were left level. The five
ridged rows yielded at the rate of 2,944
pounds to -the acre, the 5 level rows at
the rate of 5,368 pounds .to the acre.
This would seem to indicate level cul-
ture as best for the peanut, and
demonstrates that there is no need of
rolluwing tile old Oractlc of coverfla
the bloom of the plant. The eleventh
row was planted with unshelled seed,
ridged, the bloom covered, and yielded
at the rate of 1,780 pounds.-Bulletin
U. S. Department of Agriculture.


Forestry Notes.
A etudy of the Sgutherp Lnglvat
Pine has been begun by the Division
of Forestry. A brief examination last
fall proved many prevailing ideas re-
garding this tree to be mistaken. The
rate of growth was shown to be com-
paratively rapid and resistance to fire
far greater than is commonly believed.
These discoveries suggested a fuller
investigation ror the benefit of lumber
men. The chief object will be to deter-
mine the length of time which must
elapse after logging before another cut
can be made, Such knowledge will en-
able owners to decide whether it will
pay to protect logged-off lands from


fire and keep up the taxes for the sake
of subsequent crops.

Among the largest private forests to
come under Government supervision
is a tract of 12(,000 acres in Polk and
Monroe counties, Tennessee, owned by
Senator George Peabody Wetmore, of
Rhode Island. Senator Wetmore has
availed himself of the offer of free as-
sistance to the owners of woodlands
made by the Division of Forestry and
has asked that the tract be inspected
with a view of maliins a working plan
by which the merchantable timber can
'be cut and the forest still be preserved
in good condition.

Some interesting facts regarding the
attitude of the various colleges toward
the comparatively new profession of
forestry in the United State are shown
by the applications for the position of
Student-Assistant in the Division of
Forestry. This grade, which was cre-
ated last summer, is an innovation in
departmental methods. A number of
young Imn, who have decided to make
forestry their vocation, are employed
during the summer at $25 per month
and their expenses. They work unaer
experts and receive practical instruc-
tion, while the Government securesn-
telligent assistance at little cost.
Last summer there were but thir-
ty-five applications for this position.
This year, although three months re-
main uerore nela work will begin,
over 160 have applied. Forty of these.
are Yale men, mostly undergraduates;
Cornell and the University of Minne-
sota have each 11, Harvard. 23, and
the Blltmore Forest School 3. The re-
mainder of the applicants represent
several different schools and some are
not college men. Timbered parts of
the United States, singularly, do not
furnish as many forest students as the
more thickly settled districts. There
are but three applicants from west of
the Mississippi. On the other hand,
the interest at Yale is so great that a
school of forestry probably will be es-
tablished there this fall.

When a horse picks up a nail In his
foot what does the driver do? Does he
whlIp tlia limping, laggnlg animal and
force him adong? Not unless he wants
to ruin the horse. At the first sign of
lameness he jumps down, examines
the foot and carefully removes the
cause of the lameness. What Is called
"weak stomach" is like the lameness of
the horse, only to be cured by remov-
ing the cause of the trouble. If you
stimulate the stomach with "whiskey
modicinoe" you keen It oinir. but ev-
ery day the condition is growing worse.
A few doses sometimes of Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery will put the
disordered stomach and its allied or-
gans of digestion and nutrition in per-
fect condition. Ninety-eight times in
every hundred "Golden Medical Dis-
covery" will cure the worst ailments
originating in diseases of the stomach.
It always helps. It Moi0ooiti al&A
cures. To cure constipation, use Dr.
Pierce's Pleasant Pellets." They're
sure.

Southern Forage.
The soil, climate and' conditions of
the Southern States are so different
from those or me iformt that different
species of plants, as well as different
methods of culture and treatment, are
necessary to success in the making of
meadows or pastures. The soil, al-
though almost wholly of sedimentary
formation, is exceedingly variable in


A #*

Boaeifi W0i i

Hardso= meHrrsa iimey

Both are better for the e eo(, ad may be
kept free from illness, by


Sloan's Ligniment
This LJmuli the bet tieptic kanW.
It positively kills dime aerms. It cure
Rha ir a. Camp MdCe. Usedgm-
erally in the stable with good result, wser
otherliniments fail. In t family in prefer-
ence to any known liniment on the market,
externally or internally. Every bottle is war.
ranted. Family size, s cents.
Honses ls, gs amn ans re.


TRUSSES, if 01e.20 AND UP



560.
s ears d V made 4WD
f Eas tb, aond
the D eari re e o and

li it B& tx 52 man eta matsr inIn
state your Heigbt WAIAt.r, how long you hvTe ber
ruptured, whether rup.are is large or mail; also Stat
number inches around the body o a line with the
rupture, say whether rupre is on right or left idd,
and we wl send either rIm to you with the undni,
standing. bit* It is .. t at m ma 1 l.iu.l Shad
nrlatthnse thee.r r rleeyou ean return it and we
will return your money.
wiaTe P111 FINE TRUISN ATALIWN ." ai'-

AssreSEARS, ROEBUCK O Co. C UMM
Irincludingthe Nw $a I C I

character. Much of it has had nearly
all of its vegetable matter exhausted
by continuous cultivation in cotton. In
many sections extreme care is neces-
sary to prevent the washing of hill-
sides. Severe freezes are unknown, so
that many of the more hardy plants
continue their growth through the en-
tire winter. On the approach of hot
weather these plants -disappear, and
their places are filled by a rank growth
of summer plants, many of which are
too oouroe and unDalpatable to be of
value for either hay or paature. l-
though the growing season-is almost
continuous for some species, there are
none which make a vigorous growth
throughout the year, so that permanent
meadows and pastures may be made
only with mixtures of several species
which make their growth at different
seasons.
Sufficient hay for home consumption
may be gaSliao 6 B&il Bl t ayL plUitf-
tion without expense, except for the
harvesting, but such crops are uncer
tain in amount, are usually inferior in
quality, and are rarely such as will
assist in preparing the soil for future
crops. A good hay plant must not be
too rank in Its growth, or Its stems
will be coarse and woody; it must
have a large prp otion of leave
which are the most edible parts of the
plant; it should be easily cured when
made into hay, and it must be nutri-
tious, easily digested, and palatable.
If wanted for a permanent meadow,
the plant must be a perennial. As the
true grasses are of but little value as
fertilizers, it is important that, where
te crop is to be grown as a part of
a rotation, at least one of the species
used in any mixture should be legumi-
nous plant: if the forage crop is to be
grown one season only, leguminous
plants are always to be preferred.-
Farmers Bulletin No. 102.


- ..







u1s THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


For -Florida Agriculturist.
Th Pine Woods of Florida.
Turning from my window whence I
have been looking out upon the busy
streets and stately mansions, now
white with the newly fallen snow,
watching the faces of the ever hur-
rying throngs, some bright and hap-
py, others hardened with sin or marred
with lines of care, I close my eyes
and mental ear to this picture of city
life and instead rises before my mind's
eye the soft repose of landscape
and pine-laden air of the Southern
clime I love so well-and, as some love-
dream stealing over the sense of youth,
I see the waving tops of the stately
pines, and hear the soughing of the
soft air stirring their taseenated need-
les, like the distant swell and roar of
ocean waves.
The exquisite tints of the Florida
rose, the delicious odors of blooming
bush and shrub and vine make glad
rmy eyes and fill my soul with joy.
My little boat floats again upon the
boom of the ann-klased waters of
fair Lake Helen where, instead of
"building castles in Spain," I once
more seem to live the ideal and dwell
amidst its charms.
The warm sun ainks low and drops
from view, and disappearing, leaves a
radiant glows of gorgeous dyes, paint-
ed upon the canvas of our Southern
skies. The shadows deepen, and the
star-lit firmament becomes my man-
sion's vaulted dome, studded thick
with diamons all so low hanging I
almost reach forth my Hand to pluck
the glorious gems from out their set-
ting, but refrain, content to know that
they for ma part of my own world of
mental beauty.
Then lo! the full orbed moon rises,
stately and majestic, calm in her own
soft radiancy, the "queen of night."
A stream or Durniseal sliver spans
the placid lake while slowly the ball
of light rises higher and higher above
the pine tops and mounts the zenith.
I wake from this sweet vision, this
dream of day to hear within my soul
the voice of the Bupreme.
Thy path, within the Master's vineyard
Is not thine own to choose,
For he who saves his life in Christ,
His own earth-ways must lose.
Letitia Vertrees Watkins.

Xore About Oasava.
Considerable inquiry has been rais-
ed, and not a little talk has naturally
been stirred up, about the matter of
cassava in respect to digging it, "lift-
ing it," easily and cheaply.
Now, with your permission I will
give something of what I understand
about the case; for the subject has
been a revelation to myself, as well as
to many others, since this great plant
has sprung up among us in the past
few months.
First, the ground for cassava is to
be nicely and deeply prepared by cul-
tivation a week or a few weeks before
planting. Then ft is marked off both
ways, say from 4 feet to 5 feet, and
the cuttings (carefully selected as to
vitality no as to get a good stand)
planted say from 2% to 3% inches
under the surface, so as to admit
of nicely sliding the ground all over,
or lightly harrowing it all over the
surface even before the, plants come
up. And this process of light level
cultivation with a shallow implement
is to be kept up, first across one way
and the nthe other, keeping what Pro-
fessor Stockbrldge is pleased to call a
nine "blanket dust," about the plants
the summer through.
Then durlag the rainy season, as of-


ten as the farmer can afford it he
should go through his cassava with his
commercial fertilizer, carefully dust.
ing about each hill what the plant
needs for feeding it.
It is in this painstaking, shallow, lev-
el cultivation, and in this not less
painstaking surface-fertilizing, care-
fully worked in, that it is believed lies
the theory, the secret, of coaxing to
the surface the roots or tubers of the
caeava. little matter how maaaive they
may become by liberal fertilizer and
judicious careful culture.-Jacob Shan-
ibargeT in Sentinel-Reporter.

The Purple oeale.
Mytilaspls citricola ,(Parckard.)
Thin t one o tiae emmonest and
most conspicuous citrus scales in Flor-
ida. The insect seems to be widely
known wherever the orange is grown,
either In this country or abroad. Hub-
bard observed in 1885 that it was more
abundant in the northern than in the
southern portions of the orange belt
The freees inace that time oeem to
have reversed this order of distribu-
tion; this season's observations have
not discovered It An any of the north-
ern nurseries, nor in the more north-
ern groves.
The scale of this species is one ofthe
largest in the genus. The scale of ma-
ture females sometimes reaches a
length of 0.12 of an inch, and that of
the male 0.05 of an inch. The name,
"Oyster Shell Bark-louse," has been ap-
plied to one member of the genus,
Mytilapsis pomorum, a common apple
pest, becaues the general outline of the
scale, together with its ridgings and
markings, are so suggestive of an oys-
ter shell; the purple scale, Mytilaspis
citricola, and in lesser degree, the long
scale, Mytilaspis gloverii, share the re-
semblance and so it is not uncommon to
near me term, "'yster Shell Bark-
louse," applied to any one of them by
the general public. The form may be
described as broadly trumpet-shaped,
increasing in width behind, often curv-
ed like an oyster shell, but rarely or
iieryc with the iidci piiallel. The
surface is glossy and smooth and from
a light to a dark red-brown purple col-
or. The male scales being less than
half the length of the females, of a
more linear shape and straight outline,
may suggest some other species of In-
sect upon superficial examination, but
its Identity cannot be confused with
any other species than The long scale,
Mytilaspis gloveril, the female of
which is twice as long as the male
citricola, and the male of which is
shorter and rather more slender, boih
absolutely and relatively. The char-
acteristic purple color which the
males give to a mass of scales be-
longs to no other species of Mytilaspis.
The eggs are pearly white, very ml-
nute, elongate oval, and are usually
laid in four rows, but sometimes prom-
iscuously. Each female deposits from
25 to 70 eggs.
The newly hatched larva Is irregul&r-
ly oval in shape, 0.12 of an inch long,
of a transparent white color, and with
fiery red eyes, which have been lik-
ened to grains of cayenne pepper. This
young insect wanders about a very
short time, and then settles upon the
bark or leaves; when upon the latter,
preferably along tie midrib, and is
soon covered with a white film of wax
threads, some of which stand out from
the rest, and if not carried away by
the wind, they accumulate and form
cottony tufts or tangles.
The shedding of the larva skin or
first moult occurs about three weeks
after hatching, and the formation of


1 .... THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


the true sale is begun. A second
moult of the female occurs three o0
four weeks later, and when nine or tell
weeks old egg-laying begins, the eggs
being deposited beneath the scale,
from beneath which the young begin
to issue in about a week after the
eggs are deposited, unless retarded by
cold weather.
The male goes through its second
moult and changes into a pulia several
days earlier than the female, from
which it emerges as a winged fly, and
is ready for mating at the time the
females are passing through their flst
moults.
There are three or four generations
per year, but the separation into dis-
tinct broods is often m9or or less con-
fused, one generation overlapping the
succeeding one, so that all stages of
the insect may generally be found at
almost any season of the year upon
infested trees. Generally speaking,
the greatest numbers of migrating
young may be found in one of three
periods, namely: in the spring usually
in March and sometimes extending in-
to April; in June or July, and in Sep-
tember or October. During mild win-
ters a fourth brood commences in Jan-
uary and straggles through this &nd
the following month.
The recorded food plants of the in-
sect are as follows:
Banksia integrifolia, Croton, Euca-
lyptus, Murraya Exotica, Orange and
Ptelea trifoliata.
Natural Enemies.-Several minute
hymenopterous parasites attack this
scale, leaving the evidence or their
work in the shape of minute circular
holes in the backs of the scales,
through which the small wasp-like
flies have eaten their way, after hav-
ing destroyed, while undeveloped slugs
or larvae, the enclosed scale insects
and their eggs. Various species or la-
dy-bugs feed upon this and other
scales in all stages of development,
raising the scale and devouring both
the mother insect and the eggs when
young migrating scales or other food is
not more convenient.
The "trash bugs" or larvae of the
lace-wing flies also devour many.
These curious creatures may be recog-
nized at once by the flocculent masses
of grayish trash which they carry
about on their backs as a means of pro-
tection. Similar insects, belonging in
a different genus, llemerobius, still
lace-wings, but without the trash mask
in the larval stage, are almost equal-
ly effective.
Remedies.-Kerosene emulsion, resin
wash or whale oil soap.-From Bul.
51 of the Florida Agricultural Experi-
ment Station, by H. A. Gossard.

Fertilizers for Florida.
Your committee on fertilizers would
very respectfully submit that it is a
question of too much magnitude for us
to handle, at least in the way we sup-
pose this meeting would have it, viar
What is the perfect article needed so
far as we can report.
Such a report we cannot attempt, as
it would without doubt, create more,
and longer discussion than any other
question that could be brought out,
as each individual has his own ideas
and it would be impossible to arrive at
any satisfactory result. We will, how-
ever say a word or two about what
should be used, and In so doing, can-
not but realize the one great fact
which stares us all in the face; that
the Florida soil in its natural condi-
tion on the pine lands is, to say the
least, deficient in the great elements of


THE NEW SEED LAW.
Approved May 1, 18, makes it unlawful for
eyr sien to sell or ffer for sale a ar de
Melon or Vegetable Seed unle the same re
in packages bear on the outside n plain
letters a guarantee certificate of when, whe
and by whom the seed were grown.
Penalty not less than X, nor more thae
$100 fine.
J. B. Sutton, Seedsman, Ocala, Fla., sell
seed under his trade-mark, as above, bearing
the certificate required by law; beside al
seeds are tested and the certificate bears date
of test and percentage of germination. Sead
to him for price list. Wholesale and retal








tO'U. TOOLS YOU lI.
-I




SiNo athaS ol ta l a ai
g5ibaurajd to o l ar th fis --







no rfff Bne9
YOU fIr iam af iis)R











Itwili interest and please you. I know It
will. 8hr's free. rite -the honey e-











coming. f.. o. J Wut-rks,
"TH E HECKEY NEST BOX."
W. ae h & Iron ot g es hio ke t.






No matter--my page Bee Book
e it t bes s tt
Itwin;ll interest and pease you I know it
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-THE HOCKEY NEST BOX."
Is ustthe thing. It shows to a certainty
which hen lays and the egg she lays. Alio
Spoltry. Nothing ese l i
t ney maker. Poultry raisers must
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Agents wanted everywhere. Big profits V00
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aTHROAT once or llstUNGSrated descriptive booklet
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Large Bottles, 5 I
A QUICK CURE FOR



COUGHS AWiSN COLD.,
Veros valuable Remedy in-Kille
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Large Bottles, 25c.

Prop's of Perry Davis' Pain-Killer.







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 1s

plant food, and how and what to pro- beggarweed, etc., and utilize them as Florida Beources. DO YOU GET UP
vide for this deficiency is what we are far as possible, will soon learn from The Gainesville uan in an excellent
striving to ascertain, and not only the experience that at least one-half of article, advising the people of Florida WIT A LAME BACK
articles themselves, but the propor- their fertilizer bill is saved to them, to develop the great natural resources
tions one to the other to produce the and their live stqck had an abundance of the State, says among other good KIncf Trabe Makes YOU MlsraNe.
results required and at least expense. of food, saving the expense of buying things, "the best citizens, no matter Almost ev bodwho read the news-
All of our leading professors agree hay. what may be their religious or polti- papers is to knowof the wonderful
that the three great elements neces- Phosphoric acid is generally applied cal belief, are those who earnestly i cures made by Dr.
sary for our use are nitrogen, phos- as phosphate of lime in which form it strive to advance all those Inteests Kilmer's Swamp-Root,
phoric acid and potash. Now, we have is furnished by nature, and we call it which are recognized as promotive of te a d bladder remiedry
have in our State two leading classes phosphate rock, also in the form of an- the public good. Any man who per- It is the great med-
of tillers of the soil, viz: farmers and imal bone, but as that is insoluble in mits his religion or his politics to pre- caltriumph of thenine-
fruit and vegetable growers; the lat- water and almost unavailable as plant judice his action in dealing with the tenth century; dib-
ter, perhaps, being the larger class. food it is necessary to treat it with welfare of the whole people of the o rf ea after yam
Tile farmer, If he knows his business, some strong acid. Sulphuric is general- State is not as good a citizen as he r Dr. Kilher, the eml-
will keep stock and by proper caring for ly used to make the product available should be. I ent kidney and blad-
and by raising crops of leguminous for the market as fertilizer. "There always as been and always der specialist, and is
plants in rotation and giving them Potash, the last, but by no means will be different creeds, but it should onderfu b uckdey, bl urompdd acid tro
back to the soil with his manure, will the least, is also a product of nature, be forgotten by none that one person bles and Bright's Disease,whichis the wort
have to give little attention to any oth- It has not been found in large quanti- Is as much entitled to give expression form of kidney trouble.
er fertilizer for any of this purposes, ties in this country and so we are com- to his honest conviction as another. Dr. Klmer's Swap-Rot is not reo
and will build up his ell so that in a ipoled to buy it from Germany, the on- But no matter what the creed of indl- nmey, nr or bleddvr trouble t lla be iound
few years he can raise any kind of a ly place where it is mined in any large viduals, there is no substantial reason just the remedy you need. Ithasbeentested
crop on it. It stands him in hand then quantity. About this article, all that why all should not act in unison when in so many ways, in hospital work, in private
to watch carefully every mode of ob- we can say is, that it is one of the most it comes to contributing to that which tactic among thehelplesstoo poor to pur-
chase relief and has proved so successful in
training his materials for fertilizing necessary of the three and that the will be beneficial to all. every case that a special arrangement has
from his own products as with prop- purest is always the best and the "It is the duty of every good citizen been made by which all readers of thispaper
er management he can do almost alto- 69pbsalt bsinB og les weight for e lal to help others as well as himself which who have not already tried it. may have a
gether without any commercial ferti- strength, and so would be cheaper as can be done without throwing stumb- st'mpie boe sent free Ib mill, us a blow
telling more about S amp-Root and how to
lizer. the long distance which it has to be ling blocks in the way of the progress findout ifyouhavekidney orbladdertrouble.
But for the fruit grower It is a very brought and heavy freight rates would of any legitimate business. When writing mention reading this generous
different case, and there is only one make the weaker in strength and more "A proper development of the natur- offer in this paper and .
alternative, vis: buying commercial in weight although cheaper in price, al resources of Florida will bring pros- "d Ki address &C o
fertilizer to a greater or less extent still more expensive to use. perity and happiness not only to the hamton, N. Y. The
as he shall learn by experience and A contributor to Practical Farmer people who are now here, but to the regular fifty cent and amers rimpest
study what his particular land requires says the four corner stones of success hundreds of thousands who Will come, dollar ases arm sold by all good drugglM
to produce the fruits he wishes to in agriculture are good seed, manure, "Let us stand unitedly together in an
grow. As a rule there is nothing that thorough tillage and careful thought. earnest effort to advance. Let us har- --FD MONEY
farmers and fruit growers know so lit- I do not say that I have given these in monlously- strive to accomplish that M ONsE *Y uUW
tie about in their own line of business the order of their importance, and which will rebound to the benefit of all co to on S r-*
as the composition and application of there may be a difference of opinion in by doing that which we know to be u o -* iS ia
fertilizers, although there Is no knowl- regard to this, but no one of these can right and studiously avoid doing that la
edge of greater value to them. But it be omitted. Everyone should paste which our conscience condemns." 0 o0i by PmF,&r to
time and study to attain It, and many these in his hat until it becomes so ex i am Uosu s
think it would not pay. and so neglect tilorouigly im.F.pres upon his mind Turta Bico's Possibli. tls -t i
It. that he cannot neglect any one with- Mr. P. J. Nevins, formerly of the ~stietSSory, e-
Now, when a certain plant contains out being condemned by his conscience firm of Bernard Abel & Co., has just M
three per cent. nitrogen, eight per cent. for the neglect of his duty: returned from a prospecting trip to
phosphoric acid and ten per cent. pot- 1. The best seed is none too good. Puerto Rico. He was much pleased by ,W n --
ash, we can't be far wrong in applying 2. As much manure as possible what he saw, and thinks that in a few
that amount for ts growth. But now should be made, and every particle years the island wil become a factor in
comes the all-important question if we saved and applied at once to the soil the orange ad pineapple uine. et u
want perrect remulus! rist, we snoula or saved In such condition that it will says there are no orange groves there,
know at what stage o( the plant's neither burn nor leach tfll wanted forms e no e n ornia and a, a ,, .ou m
growth it aseimilates the greatest use. I we a
amount of these elements. 3. No one should say "That will do" "Oranges now grown on the island," bz- id -ha weiedsh i
oritO pege rncwonron thnte oterae coandi Adbw w. ..Or~her hn h #aw
It may only contain three per cent. until he can do better. Tillage can- Mr. Nevins says, "are from seedling igsnCedih
nirststaogen, but its that is taken from the not be too thorough, especially before trees, that have grown around houses'
s that t should te appliplantinged In a and along the roads and wherever a
sentlal that it should be applied in a 4 If a man does not make his head seed happened to sprout. Yet in the T E
solble a form as possible, so as to be save his heels, he cannot succeed aggregate, there is quite a crop, most
quickly available as plant food, if not, Thonght with regard to any crop Is re- of which is consumed in the cities and M-EL

then the growth of the plant is stunt- quired from a time long before it is towns of the island. The soil is fertile That will kile
ed, although we may have an abund- planted till thl money for it is in the n all thea weeds
ce rf the lther elom ne tshe money, for aIn nd natural orange lnd, anad with a the
Sco te tber lem t io i pocket. Follow out these four lines chep lor n other faorae con your lawns
for It perfection. On the other hand, tcheap labor and other favorable ^ ^ f kediwr
for its perfection. On the other hand, and success will be sure.--Read before tons, there is little doubt that Yankee tIfyou keep
a plant may contain six per cent. i- tions, therp e ais little e doubt that Yankeelf
trogen, but it that is mostly absorbed John B. Price. enterprise and money will make itself so they do no
in the later stages of its growth thede felt in the production of oranges and so they do not
would be considerable loss of sulphate pines. go to seed,
of amonia or nitrate of soda. HOW'S THIS? "The freight rate on a box of oranges grass with out
Nitrogen is the most difficult to han- We oe e ofer Hundred Dollars Re- to New Yor s 3 centsnow. With breaking the small feeders of roots
die and is about three times as expen. ward for any case of Catarrh that can- a nominal duty, a lower freight rate and the grass will become thick and
sive as any of the others. It s vola- not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. more frequent communication, the isl- weeds will disappear. Send for
sli mwiS anyl of t g =tis a s &a e j. n eney & Co., Propre., Toledo, and will become srr important to this cataiogue.
Is also subject to leaching in a much Ohio. country in the near future. DO IT
THE CLIPPER WILL DO fT
greater degree than the others. And We, the undersigned have known F. "Some frozen-out Florida growers CLIPPER LAWN OWER C00.
yet, on the other hand, It is the only j. Cheney for the last 15 years, and be- have already started in to plant there, Norristown. Pa
one which the tiller of the land can get i leve him perfectly honorable in all but it looks as if the principle devel-
free or at least very cheap; First, business transactions and financially opment must be by capitalists or com- Western Poultry Farm,
with every shower it is given to us by able to carry out any abllgations made panics on a large scale, as the condi- MARSHALL, MO.
the elements. Trly it is only a little, by their firm. tions are more favorable in that direc- 4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
but It is free. Second, It can and West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists, tion. The country in general is beauti- It tells how to make poultry resins
profitable. It to up to date. 24 page.
should be produced at home by com- Toledo, Ohio. fl from the scenic point of view, and Send to day. We sell bet liquid lipages.l-
posting all kinds of waste materials. Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Whole- its climate is about like Florida's, with er for #5 cts per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 doz., 30 eta; 25 for 30
Third, the farmer has the same oppor- sale Druggists, Toledo, Ohio. on the latter's cold snaps. There is cts; 50 for 5o eta; 100 for $f
tunity that the millionaire has in his Hall's Catarrh Is taken internally, good water, a clear: healthy atmos.
time whose money works on all the acting directly upon the blood and mu- phcrc, no poionous anakcs or insects, A A
time drawing interest night and day. cus surfaces of the system. Price 75e rich pastures and fat and sleek milk and
So It may be with the farmer and fruit per bottle. Sold by all druggists. Tee- beef cattle, and last, but not least, aa mokd hr
growers when they will grow crops of timonials free. peaceful population which is satisfied to, a KUuiti l F MmL
leguminous plants as beans, cowpeas, Halls Family Pills are the beet. I be Americans."-Fruit-Trade Journal. LsRanss a nus-. U .








1 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Oras and Cotton.
Grass means hay and beef, butter
and cheese. Cotton means cash. Of
late it means also cotton seed meal,
oil, cottolene, hulls, beef and milk.
Grass means an agriculture reverent
of Mother Earth, fields preserved from
the tooth of time, well-filled granaries,
go9d country living, with butter and
cream, and all that these imply; free-
dom from mortgages, sleek horses and
cattle and handsome turnouts (Ken-
tucky). Cotton means gulled hill-
sides, stale living out of stores, weath-
er-beaten rigs, a cotton-plowing mule
of "looped and windowed ragged-
ness." (Georgia or north Florida.)
The discovery of the uses of cotton
seed has nearly doubled' the value of
the cotton crop; still there is little
abatement of the piteous slaugher of
the so1l, Grass binds all together and
holds it in its kindly embrace, feeding
upon the soit, it is true, but without
robbery, and often, through the le-
i me& restoring more than it takes.
Cotton is not a soll-destrQyer, and it
the seed and foliage are carefully re-
turned to the ground, there is little
soil-depletion. But the gullying of the
earth through the gnawing rains and
pulverizing frosts, where tlere Is no
protecting blanket of glass---this is the
deplorable feature. Then, too, there
in an indefinable someffing of perma-
nence, of homebuilding, of thrift, in
the regions that are founded on grass
which is less noticeable where one
staple swallows in its insatiable maw
all labor and all thought; be that sta-
ple cotton or wheat or sugar cane.
In statistics at our command, it has
been difficult to find statements show-
ing both exports and imports of cot-
ton-growing sections. One of these
was of Mobile, in the year 1868.
Mobile exported that year 230,621
bales of cotton, worth $28,228,708. Her
imports included nearly everything
needed on the plantation, or in the
house, from $105,520 worth of bagging
to $446,400 worth of flour, and footing
up $2,676,626. This leaves a balance
of $25,662,082 on the export or credit
side of the ledger. No wonder the
South was infatuated with cotton in
those days.
But no millions of favorable balance
could recompense for the eroded hill-
sides, or the noble rivers of Alabama
running bankful and red with the
blood of ruined fields. There is the re-
spect that makes calamity of so long
life. This is what makes the South
to-day, after a century of wastage of
the nitrogen, the potash and the phos-
phates of the soil, agriculturally weak,
and, therefore, financially and Indus-
trially weak. The great rivers, from
the James to the Mississippi, have car-
ried down and buried at their mouths
forever hundreds of millions of dol-
lars' worth of the silt that can never
be restored. The thousands of aban-
doned farms of New England have lost
their profitableness, but the grass has
retained the soil. The South has spent
Its interest, and its principal lies fath-
oms deep at the outlets of its rivers.
The succession of cotton after cotton.
then cotton again, without rotation or
rest or a year in grass to interlace th-
soil and hold it together-even a sow-
ing of rye would tlave tied it down
against the water rains-has baked it
in summer and flumed it away in win-
ter. Slipping down through Georgia
fro mthe mountains to The sea, on a
train, the traveler sees no more pa-
thetic spectacle than these fleshless
wastes, spread out like anatomical
specimens upon the surface of the


slopes, every nerve or vein outlined by
a tiny rivulet, all gradually concen-
trating into rills, gaining force and vol-
ume In the deswnt, walloping and
swashing with the soft, oily gurgle of
silt-laden water, carrying down to the
sea the priceless patrimony of the far-
mers. These naked old fields, these
sad old fields of the Appalachian and
Piedmont slopes-It takes the richest
ammoniates to galvanize some life un-
der these "ribs of death."
Some Northern communities, with
their unending succession of wheat,
have perpetrated similar folly. The
farmers of the Genesee valley are buy-
Ing uaCe In poverty and travail the
fertility they wasted. But they called
a halt long ago, and grass and clover,
meadows and dairies, have begun the
work of rehabilitation.
The more intelligent pstton-g.rower
have terraced their lands. Some of
these old fields have been seeded to
Bermuda grass, but many have been
abandoned to the volunteer growth of
pines, which seem to be in the South,
a special provision of nature to stitch
together and cicatrize the wounds inl
flicted by the rapacity of man.
The grasses on these now eroded
hillsides and the lower Piedmont
slopes, the farmers could have eaten
their cake and kept it. There would
not have been the prodigal wealth-re
suiting from cotton in the ante-ellum
years, but slavery would not have been
so fostered. With grass instead of cot-
ton there might have been no Civil
War.
The wise farmers of Florida, though
they have less sloping lands to protect
from washing from desmodium fol-
lowing their cotton or corn, not only
shade their land and enrich it with
that occult formation of nitrates which
occurs in the shade, but they lace it
Times-Union and Citizen.

The Cause of Boup.
If one takes ordinary precautions,
sickness among fowls need nu ;'.r lbe
known, or, at the worst, be but slight .
Common sense is a better teacher than
books.
The most common and prevailing dis-
ease is roup. Roup is troublesome,
annoying and dangerous, but one t4ne*l
not have roup in a flock, if di., precau-
tions are observed, says the "Country
Gentleman." Itoup comes from a cold,
but fowls should not be allowed to
catch cold. When they were allowed
to roost out of doors in trees or wher-
ever a natural shelter could be found,
there were but few cases of roup.
Fowls do not catch cold by roosting out
doors in either dry or damp air. This
is easily understood. They roost as
high as they can go, which means they
get as far away from the damp ground
as possible; hence their boosting place
is comparatively dry, and they are
surrounded simply by either dry or
damp air, the latter, of course, if it
rains, and neither ever killed a fowl.
They are not roosting and sleeping
in any draft, and here lies the secret
of the whole cause of fowls catching
cold, and that Is by sleeping in drafty
sheds or houses.
A human being cannot sleep in a
draft without catching cold; why
should we expect a fowl to do it? If
the roosting shed or house is open
back and front or on both sides, with
the fowls in the middle, they are in a
direct draft. If a little pin hole is near
their heads and the cold air blows on
them all night, they will have a cold
in the morning. Better have the whole


front of the shed wide open than a lit-
tle drafty pin hole.-Ex.

A Good Feeding Mation for laying
Turkeys.
As so many have asked me to give
a god ration for laying turkeys. I
give the following, which is one I have
found to give most excellent results:
One part corn meal, one part ground
oats, one part wheat midlngs, one part
wheat bran, one part ground buck-
wheat and two parts meat or cut
bone. The meat food is absolutely ne-
cessary for good fertile eggs and must
,be supplied in some form. Most any
of thQB meal now offrood, are good,
and give good results. But whatever
kind you use, be sure to thoroughly
mix it with the other feed, and scald
and feed while warm. Feed all of this
mixture they will eat up clean and
quickly, but only In the morning. I
feed them in long boxes or pans; and
allow plenty of room so If driven away
from one place she quickly runs around
ual Cuilmmuion i t another
There must be shell of some form
given and no better way can be found
than to feed it in fte mash, I make it
a point to keep all of the shells from
th iFggs Ise in the house for this pur-
pose.
When the turkeys start laying it is
easy to tell, as they will continue to
call in that discontented manner. Some
hens will always lay around the barn,
or nearthe buildings and if you can
tell which these hens are, you will find
it to your greatest advantage to keep
them for breeders.
The White IHollands and their cross-
es are gentle and tame and will be
pretty sure to lay near home, while
some other varieties such as the cross
bred bronze, or those containing blood,
are apt to stray off at nesting time.
When you have found where they
are laying it well to keep a close watch
of the eggs, and if they are apt to be
disturbed, I would leave not more than
one or two for nest eggs. Crows and
skunks cause great havoc with eggs
sometimes and for this reason it is
money saved to keep the eggs closely
picked up.
Turkey eggs, are as a rule, very fer-
tile and should nearly all hatch if they
are not too old.
I do not like the idea of keeping eggs
for hatching any great length of time
although, if kept in a cool place and
turned very day they will hatch well
when three weeks old, but I would not
advise keeping them if it is conven-
ient to set them when fresh.
If it is desired to'get as many eggs
as possible, from a few hens, you can
keep them laying nearly all the early
part of the summer by not allowing
them to set.-Willet Randall in Inter-
State Poultryman.

The Florida Mortgage and Invest-
ment Company has leased all of its
timber lands, about 50,000 acres, for a
term of years to the Jacksonville Na-
val Stores company. Turpentine farm-
ing is to become of the leading indus-
tries of Manatee county right away.
and will add thousands of dollars to
the business of the county in commig
years, but will play havoc with our
forests, which many tiink influence
temperature during the winter months.
-Braidentown Journal.

Jacksonville is to have a soap fac-
tory. The machinery for the new en-
terprise will cost $15,000.

Let us give you prices on your job
work.


Dr. lHaamway

Treats All Diseases

His Method Invariably Cares AU
Catarrhal, Breochial, Lug, Stem-
aeh, Liver, Kidney and Other Com-
plaints, as Well as All Diseae
and Weaknesses of Women.
In Dr. Hathaway's moa t
extensive practice, ea
ering a period of more
than20years,he hasbee
called upon to treat al
manner of diseases of
men and women andl
along the whole line of
human ailments he h
been uniformly se-
Dr. Hathaway's me
thod of treatment ets
directly at the eat of
the trouble, purifies the blood
tones up the whole system and
the B neutralizes the poseons whleh
produce the diseased conditions,
Yearly he reiore to imrft
All D Mm health thousands of sufferers
Treated. from Catarrh, Bronehitis, As-
thma, Hay Fever, Lung Complaints, Stomach,
Liver and Kidney Diseases. Piles, Tumors, Can-
cers. Eczema and all manner of skin affectons.
6**166aw Dr. Buttes" skb P a"? ri
~Oleenamu the greatest success all to
Wo*me many distressing weaknesses and
diseases by which so many women are affleted.
leet el Dr. Hathaway's offices are fitted
with all the latest electrical and
Appllanees. other appliances. In the use of
which, as well as the microscope, ne has worM-
aide tame ns an expert All of tse medIc-ki
used by Dr. Hathaway are compounded In his
own laboratories, under his personal direction,
and special remedies are prepared for each In-
dividual ease according to Its requirements.
i Dr. Hathaway has e ed a
IIKMl~t l ,Briogotllolca-nul- 4BVt-1a
Blaks. applyingtothedliereatdieases
which he ends free on application No. or
Men; No. 2, for Women; No. 8, for 8kin Diseases;
No.4, for Catarrhal Diseases; No. for Kidneys.
Dr.Hathaway make noelage
-- -tio for consultation at either his
Free. offce or by mail.
J. NEWTON HATHAWAY, M. a
Dr. Hathaway Ce.,
a5 Bryan Street, SaVamah, e.
m5IfT1ON THTS PAPER WHEN WBITIXO.


farmtietomef Jess Marden's
IMPROVED





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inGdEW E W ent onCEa0po AU.05.





IF Tlill SUICKE E~lUI

don'tsuLt, trys Page I Peirease. Inhawvisr.
FLOE WOVEN WIRE FEN4J EOS, ADIIAJEISU.








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 1W


WLORAL DEPAITXENT.

AddreM all eomnmuiatlton to the
editor, W. 0. Steele, waerkand, Fla.

Xeartmeae.
Dressed for church one Sabbath morn-
ing,
Soul and body robed in black,
For my life was darkly shadowed,
When a sweet voice called me back;
Coming from her flower borders,
Where the purple Heartsease grew,
Sister brought the royal blossoms,
All empearled with morning dew.

As she pinned them on my bosom,
"Sister, you should always wear
Purple Heartsease, for they suit you;"
And as if it were a prayer,
"May you ever wear the Heartsease
In your life and in your heart."
Years have passed, but still the memory
Bids affection's tears to start.

Sister, I have found the Heartsease,
Heartsease true, with heart of gold,
In the valley of Contentment
Doth its petals fair unfold.
But it yields its richest fragrance
'Neath the shadow of the Cross.
Where the gold its heart encloseth
Makes earth's gold seem worthless
dress,
-Alice R. Corson, in Park's Floral
Magazine.

Native Plants.
Owing to the unusually cold winter,
wild flowers have been very late com-
ing into bloom this year.
It would be natural to expect that
high dry land, sandy knolls and ridges
would warm up earliest, and that the
first flowers would be found on such
land. But such sl not the case. The
earliest flowers are always found in
wet places and low land. At this date,
Marh 12, the "Yellow Jessamine,"
Gelseium sempervireus, is just in
full bloom and Azalea nudliftra, var-
iously known as Honeysuckle, Pinxter-
bloom, etc., is only beginning to flower.
Both are usually in their glory in Jan-
uary, or early In February. They are
found in the edges of hammocks and
along the side of small streams. The
Yellow Jessamine climbs over every-
thing in its way. Large bushes, and
occasionally tall trees, are festooned
with its vines, and when in full bloom
look as If there had been a showerof
gold.
Along the sides of gulleys, ditches
and other wet places may be found
the blossoms of three varieties of Ping-
uicula. All may be known by their
cluster of pointed leaves, very light
yellowish green in color and having a
very peculiar greasy feeling. These
little tufts of leaves vary in'size from
one inch in diameter to four or five. The
earliest, P. pumila is also the smallest,
Few of the plants exceeding an inch
and a half in diameter. It has one pecu-
liarity different from most wild flow-
ers. The color of the blossoms of any
one species are usually all exactly
alike, so general Is this rule that we on-
ly know of three species of wild flow-
ers that vary from it, vis., Hepatica
triloba of the Northern States, which
varies from pure white to deep blue,
Habenaria clliaris, which varies from
deep orange through all shades to pure
white. The last exception is this little
Pinguicula, the blossoms of which
vary from pure white to deep purple.
The flower stems all grow from the
center of the tuft of leaves, and each
bears a single flower, much resembling
a violet in appearance. Those of P.
pumila are quite small, only one-fourth
to one-half inch in diameter. The two
other varieties are, P. Lutea, with light
lemon yellow flowers, about an inch or
an inch and one-half across, and P.
elatior, with purple blossoms, veined


with markings ot a darker color, about
the same size as those of the yellow
variety.
The Drosera or Sun-dew family is
represented in this part of Florida by
only one species D. brevifolia. It may
be easily recognized from a description.
The plant is simply a little red tuft
found abundantly along the edge or
bottom of ditches qr in quite low
places on the border of ponds in the
"flat-woods." On a close examination
these tufts will be found to consist of
numerous small round leaves or short
thread-like stems. Leaves and stems
are thickly coated with short, red hairs,
each one seeming to bear at the top a
tiny drop of dew which sparkles in the
light like a jewel.

From the center arises the flower
stem, three to six inches high and bear-
ing from three to six small white blos-
soms, often with a pinkish tinge. The
violets are also in bloom now. The
common blue one. Viola cucullata var
septemloba, is a sub-variety of the
blue violet of the Northern States,
varying only in the leaves, which in
our Soutimrn form, Instead of being
arrow shaped with entire edges, are
cut into irregular forms, usually hav-
ing seven lobes, hence the name sep-
temloba. Patches of wet lands near
springs may often be found white with
the blossoms of Viola lanceolata, a
small variety with -narrow lance-
shaped leaves, and scentless flowers.
Elsewhere in the State may be found
a small white violet, the lower petals
marked with purple and quite sweet
scented.
The small, star-like yellow flowers
of Hypoxis juncea are beginning to ap-
pear. The leaves are very narrow and
grass-like, springing from a small tu-
berous root, the bright yellow blossoms
are seldom seen more than one to a
plant at a time, yet as each bulb sends
up several stems and each one bears
two or more flowers, the succession is
kept up for a long time.
Two plants are beginning to
bloom now that are also among those
found latest in the fall. The first is
Baptisia simplicifolia the flowers are
small, pea-shaped yellow blooms,
which are followed by tiny pea pods,
which turn black as they ripen. When
ripe the seed often become loosened,
and rattle about in the hard shell giv-
ing the passer-by a start as the sound
is quite suggestive of that of the rattle
snake.
Polygalalutea, which can occasional-
ly be found in March, is also found to
the very last, often into the midst of
winter. The flower heads are bright
orange in color, and are very strange
in appearance and manner of growth.
One individual flower is not large nor
showy, but they grow in such closely
compacted heads, the' calyx and co-
rolla varying but little in color, so that
when the corolla falls off the persistent
calyx still leaves the impression of the
flower being there. These heads grow
on and bloom for weeks and the calyx
remains in place till the seed ripens
so that the same head seems to be in
bloom for months. Any reader who is
familiar with the smell of "Winter-
green," may easily recognize this plant
upon digging it up as the roots have a
very strong odor of "Wintergreen."
So far, all of the plants we have
named except the Baptisia, are found
only in wet land. The spring is so late
this year that a few plants are also
coming into bloom on dryer land. The
first is always Oldenlandia rotundifo-
lia, whose pure white, four-pointed lit-
tle flowers dot the roadside by hun-


dreds and thousands. The plants creel
over the ground and vary in size front
a little tuft of a dozen leaves and twc
or three blossoms to a clump a foot is
diameter and white with its dozens ol
white stars. The delicate yellow flow-
ers of Helianthemum corymbosum are
very beautiful. The deep orange col-
ored anthers lying flat against the
light lemon color petals give them the
appearance of having a dark spot at
the base of each. The stems only grow
from three to six inches high and the
flowers do not last long, yet a clump
of them would be greatly admired if
found in cultivation.
We have occupied considerable space
with this account of a few of our wild
flowers. We should be very glad to
awake an interest among our flower
loving readers in native plants. It lN
a fact, though probably unknown to
the people generally that several firms
in the United States devote themselves
almost exclusively to the collection,
cultivation and sale of native plants.
They are all located at the North and
their stock consists almost wholly of
species that are hardy there. Yet It is
a fact that there are many wild flow-
ers in Florida that are as well deserv-
ing of a place in the catalogues of the
florists and the houses of their custo-
mers as many of the high priced nov-
elties imported from foreign lands.


The Comfort of Ferns.
Almost every lover of flowers is an
admirer of ferns. They are very abund-
ant in Florida, many of our native va-
rieties rivaling their imported cousins
in rich tropical beauty. The following
from Park's Floral Magazine, is quite
interesting:
"I was invited out to tea one even-
ing and was charmed with the dainty
jardiniere of ferns in the center of the
round tea table. Upon closer inspec-
tion-I discovered that the ferns were
our native ones, a Maidenhair among
them. My host graciously explained
to my admiring remarks her care of
the same. She had gone to the woods
years ago and carefully raised enough
roots to fill a tin dish, and had filled it
up with the woods earth. A jardiniere
was bought to fit the tin pan, which
was set in it whenever it was used up-
on the table. The ferns grew in a cool
hall all summer, and each fall she set
the pan away In the cellar where the
ferns died down, as nature intended
them to do.
"To those who want ferns the year
round there is a certain number from
which to select. It should have woods
earth if possible, sharp with sand and
full of small stones for drainage. Once
potted, a fern should never be disturb-
ed. It is a mistaken notion that ferns
need to be kept soaking wet. They
need just enough water to keep the soil
from becoming dry and hard. Then,
too, a fern wants a cool shady place,
a north or east window suiting it, and
in summer it will only demolish the
long crisp fronds to set it out in the
sun and wind to scorch and break. As
a frond represents months of growth
it is wise to give the most gentle care.
A familiar fern with no common name
Is Adiantum fulvum. It has a fine nar-
row, short leaf on its fronds, and the
color is a bronzy green. It grows well
and is fine and dainty in appearance.
All ferns need sprinkling to keep the
folige free from dust, and bright.
While I have seen ferns recover from
a freeze, it is not advisable to expose
a fern to a temperature below 50
degrees."


Poultry Houses.
Hundreds of designs of poultry
houses have been illustrated and pub-
lished, but unfortunately each indivi-
dual has certain preferences which pre-
vent perfect unanimity in constructing
them on the most favorable plants. It
is as easy to have all agree upon one
common plan of a dwelling house for
humans as for fowls. The climate,
soil, breed and space are all to be con-
sidered when making the designs. No
matter what kind of poultry house may
be preferred, the fact must not be over-
looked that during a great portion of
the winter, when the snow is on the
ground, the fowls must be confined to
the house. The greater the space, es-
pecially on the floor, therefore, the bet-
ter they will be enabled to exercise
and keep in proper condition; and as
the yards are often of no consequence
during the severe season success may
depend upon the investment of a few
dollars more than the amount original-
ly intended, as it often happens that
loss occurs simply for want of room
on the floor. If the area of the floor
IN limited to a small proportion to each
hen, and the house cannot be conven-
iently enlarged, then the stock must
be reduced in order to give those re-
maining more room. It will not do
to feed the lens and then have them
sit idly about doing nothing. They be-
ten. become addicted to feather-pull-
ing, and other vices while the food
tend to fatten them on account of their
inactivity. The house should have
plenty of sunlight, so as to become
warm and also light. The light is the
most important of all, as fowls have
the greatest aversion to gloomy sur-
roundings. They will be perfectly sat-
isfied with well lighted, comfortable
apartments, but prefer the bleak out-
side to a house that is but dimly light-
ed. During the day the house should
be kept open as much as possible, pro-
vided the birds are not exposed to
colds or chilling drafts, so as to puri-
fy and ventilate it, but during the
night, in cold weather, the house should
be warm and close, as plenty of cold
air will get in without the use of venti-
lators. The object should be to have
the number in the flock only large
enough to utilize the space on the floor
with advantage. If too crowded they
will not lay, as it is well known by
many who are aware that sometimes
their neighbors get more eggs from a
small flock than they do from a large
one, and the secret is that they have
plenty of room for exercise. The floor
should be large enough to permit of
places for scratching, dusting, roost-
ing and laying. Just how much space
may be required depends upon the size
of the flock. A house ten by ten feet.
is none too large for ten fowls, or ten
square feet for each hen.-Farm and
Fireside.


WE STILL HAVE A FEW
Nice Satsuma oranges on Trifollata
stocks, entirely unhurt by cold. Also
peaches, plums, grapes, etc., including
the famous James Grape. A few
thousand Trifolita seedlings yet un-
sold. Prices low. Freight is paid.
Summit Nurseries.
Monticello, Fla.








200 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLORIDA AGBICIILTRBIST.

Entered at the potoffc at DeLand Flor-
ida, as secod class mtte.

I. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Eublahers and Proprietom.

Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development f Florida mad the beat n-
terests of her people.

Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
AfIlated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.

TERMS.
One year single sobeription........*.. 2.00
Six month ine subecription.......... 10
Single copy ............................ .0

ADVERTISING RATES.
Rates for adverlaing furnished on applic-
tion by letter t in peon

TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Articles relating o to topic within the
sce of this paper ae so i
We c ot e to retran rejected manu-
script unless stamps re enclosed.
An *Anmuai-tfor for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, a a
guarantee of good fath. No moanonymoua con-
tribution will beregarded

Money should be seat by Draft, Postoffce
Money Order oa DeLand. or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be r-
sponible in ce los. When personal
checks are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To inure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of ach wk
Subscriber when ritin to have the ad-
dress of their paper changed MUST ire the
old a well a the new addrea.

We now have an oice in Jacksonville,
Room 4, Robinson Block Viaduct, where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to see any of our sub-
cribera. Any time we can be of service in
Jacksonille, drop us a line to above address.

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 28,1900.

Jbout Good Roads.
Highways are indices to the enter-
prise and progressiveness of the people
who inhabit the country though which
they pass. They also indicate to a
greater or less extent the thrift and
prosperity of the people who daily pass
over them to their flelas of labor or
their marts of business. Poor roads
are indicative of slothfulness and pov-
erty. These terms, while not synohy-
mous, perhaps, in many cases may be
taken as meaning one and the same
thing. The former is certainly parent
to the latter. The rule will work both
ways: flothfulness begets poor roads;
poor roads cause poverty.
Road making in Florida, or at least
in the central and southern portion of
the State, Is perhaps different from
road making any where else. Here
we do not have to contend with steep
grades, muddy, sticky roadbeds, and
frequent washouts. All of this we
are spared, but we have the ever-pres.
ent sand-that't all and that's quite
enough.
To make the ordinary Florida road,
it is only necessary to cut down the
trees on the right of way, and per-
halp, grb out a few roots The grub-
bing, however, is not always consider-
ed at all essential. The road may be
fairly good for a short time, but the
more it is traveled the worse it gets.
The sand gets deeper and deeper, un-
til finally, an empty wagon becomes a
load.
The poor dumb brute is not the only
sufferer, for the farmer transporting
his fruit to market or to the shipping
station, eo his supplies, fertilier, etc.,
from the nearest town or railway sta-
Stlo to his home, is obliged to make


two, or perhaps, more, trips over the
deep, sandy road that he could easily
do in one over a good hard roadbed.
These poor roads are a heavy tax
on those who are compelled t,' use
them, and the more they are used. the
greater tribute they exact from the
users. The tribute is as certain as any
other form of taxation, and if farmers
would figure out what the poor roads
cost him each year, and multiply the
amount by the number of years he has
used them, he would be astonished at
the result, and perhaps, be enabled to
attribute the "hard times" and his
shackles of poverty to the proper
cause. In these days, and in this coun-
try, all roads do not lead to Rome,
but their termini. is certainly poverty.
The making of good roads in Florida,
notwithstanding many favorable con-
ditions, is quite a problem for the
reason that it is necessary to place on
the surface of the roadbed some ma-
terial that will harden, forming, as it
were, a pavement. In many sections
of the State clay or shell deposits are
accessible. This material when placed
on a properly prepared roadbed, soon
forms a firm, hard crust, both durable
and easily kept in repair.
In some places where the shell, marl
or clay cannot be easily obtained, the
farmers decide on certain days and
meet at a given place with horse
rakes, hay rakes, etc., and rake from
the pine woods the "pine needles."
These needles are hauled to the road
and spread on It from four to eight
Inches thick. This makes a flrstrate
road while it lasts, but the operation
of course must be repeated every few
months.


Florida Audubon Society.
It is said that when the average An-
glo-Saxon feels especially good, the
first thing he wishes to do on getting
out of bed in the morning, is to take his
little gun and go out and kill some-
thing. He is not particular what it is,
but it is necessary for him to kill some-
thing before his cup of happiness is
filled.
The harmless and useful birds form
the largest percentage of his victims,
and the indiscriminate slaughter has
had the effect of not only reducing the
number of our song and plumage birds,
but has indirectly largely increased
our insect enemies. The laws of na-
ture are so arranged as to balance the
good and the evil. When we are af-
flicted with an insect foe, if'the laws
of nature have not been disregarded,
we will generally find an enemy to this
foe, that, it allowed to perform its mis-
sion in its own way, wll exterminate
the foes nature has afflicted us with.
Birds are the natural enemies and
exterminators of our insect foes, and
hence they are the natural protectors
of vegetation upon which the human
race depends for sustenance. Our State
has admirable game laws for the pro-
tection of game and birds, but the law
does not go far enough-it should
spread its protecting hand overall our
feathered friends.
There has recently been organized
in this State, with headquarters at
Maitland, The Plorida Audubon Socie-
ty. The venerable Bishop Whipple, of
Minnesota, is president, Mrs. L. T.
Dommerich, secretary-treasurer; Gov-
ernor Bloxham, Andrew E. Doiglass
and Kirk Munroe, honorary vice-presi-
dents, and a long list of vice-presi-
dents, embracing some of the most
prominent people in the State.
It is the purpose of the society to
disseminate information respecting the


economic value of birds to agriculture,
and their importance to the welfare of
man; to discourage the purchase or
use of feathers of any birds for orna-
mentation, except those of the ostrich
and domesticated fowls; to discourage
the destruction of wild birds and their
eggs, and to establish Bird Day exer-
cises in the public schools of Florida,
and to encourage the introduction of
bird study in public schools.
Membership to this society is solicit-
ed. Members pay an entrance fee of
$1, except school teachers of the
State, who are admitted tree. Pledge
members are admitted on the payment
of an entrance fee of ten cents. Sus-
taining members pay annual fees of
five dollars. Any person may become
a patron on the payment of twenty-
five dollars to the treasurer.
Those interested in this work should
address the secretary and treasurer,
Mrs. L. F. Dommerich, Maitland, Fla.,
who will take pleasure in furnishing
and desired information and copies of
the by-lays of the society.

Farmers' TIntitutes.
Elsewhere in this issue will be found
a notice of the proposed farmers' insti-
tutes to be held at Lake City, under
the supervision of the State Agricultu-
ral College. In the notice referred to
will be found an outline of the nro-
gram, which covers a variety of sub-
jects of the greatest possible interest
to Florida soil tillers.
Much credit is due the college for
the interest they have taken in the
general agriculture of the State. Cer-
tainly the effort is timely. We, of
South Florida, have devoted so much
of our attention to the subject of or-
ange culture that we have neglected
nearly everything else. Now, that the
orange industry is in a dormant state,
(and will probably never awaken to its
former importance and magnitude),
the development of other resources is
an actual necessity with us.
We hope that a large number of our
people will avail themselves of the op-
portunity of attending the institute, as
the transportation companies have of-
fered favorable rates. I
It is likely, however, that not one
man in ten who would like to attend
the meetings will be able to do so for
various reasons, and we would respect-
fully suggest to Dr. Stockbridge that a
stenographic report be made, of the
proceedings, and that all discussions,
papers read and addresses delivered
be published in a pamphlet form and
circulated among those who are un-
able to attend.

Belgian Hares.
The growing of Belgian hares has
recently become an extensive industry
in Southern California, having its cen-
ter in Los Angeles. Here within the
past two years hundreds of firms have
turned their attention to the timid lit-
tle brown hare, and thousands of
hutches, or rabbit warrens, are hous-
ing the breeding or growing animals.
Many of the concerns have extensive
equipment costing as much as thirty
and forty thousand dollars, while hun-
dreds of others are mere boxes in back
yards screened with wire netting, the
proprietor of the place being some boy
or woman of the establishment.
The economic value of the Belgian
abides in its flesh for food purposes.
This has no relation to the ordinary
hare or rabbit. ft is white, close-
grained and tender, resembling very
much the leg of frogs, being withal of
delicate and most savory flavor It is


decidedly an epicurean dish, being su-
perior to fowl of any kind; no roast
could be more palatable than a good
fat hare stuffed with oysters.
The animal commends itself to rail-
ing in small ways from the fact that it
is very clean and will be healthy in t.e
most limited and confined spaces In
this respect it is greatly superior to
poultry; requiring neither the care nor
space of chickens. These considera-
tions have made it distinctly the back
yard pet of Los Angeles in which Io-
closures many thousands are now be-
ing raised. The prices of hares of
good breeding points are now high,
notwithstanding the number in exis-
tence. A good buck or doe will bring
from $50 to $250, sales at the latter
price being very common. The ordi-
nary does and bucks of the age of
three months, not bred from the par-
ents of prize records bring from $20
to $25. The sex most commonly sold
is the females; a few does get upon
the meat market where they are read-
ily gobbled up at twenty-five cents per
pound live weight, apiece, which makes
the animal worth from $2 to $2.50.
They are killed and dressed at the
stalls while the purchaser waits. The
animals can be grown to maturity for
from thirty-five to forty cents, and
they could be sold at seventy-five cents
and a great profit realized; the present
prices, therefore are very remarkable,
yet they have kept steadily up since
the inception of the industry and give
no indication of waning.
The hares of Los Angeles come di-
rectly from England and Belgium;
several of the firms make a specialty
of importing. It Is said that a hare
having the points of a Belgian, but of
smaller size, runs wild in the country
to the west of Antwerp; and by the
importers it is said that it was from
this hare crossed with English breeds,
the crossing being with regard to a
table animal, thht the now popular Bel-
gian was produced. Los Angeles ap-
pears to have gotten the start upon the
rest of the country, as shipments are
being made daily from this place to all
points of the United States, Florida be-
ing one of the largest takers.-Scien-
tile American.

A Tarmer's Expermental flot.
Every farm, to a great extent, is an
institution by itself. The successful
farmer must not only thoroughly un-
derstand his business, but must be con-
stantly studying and learning from ex-
perience of himself and from the scien-
tific experiments and researches made
by specialists. He must keep up with
the times. Every season he must be a
better farmer than the previous one.
He must be able to say he has learned
something that wil make his business
more profitable, either by lessening the
cost of production or the improvement
of the quality of the produce of his
farm. For this reason he should be
able to know what his farm is best
adapted to raising.
Experimenting with a crop is an ex-
pensive practice because of the time
and waste of ground, to say nothing of
other expenses. A farmer cannot cul-
tivate successfully a new crop until
he learns something of its nature and
requirements. For this reason he
should have a small plot of ground
where he can carry on experiments
with such plants as he may think de-
sirable or profitable to raise. One sea-
son's watching the development of a
few square yards of grain will tell him
how best to tend it and convince him
as to the profit or lose it would be to







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. ao


him to cultivate it more extensive]
Watching the growth of a few hills
vegetables wil Iteach him far mo
than an exhaustive treatise on the su
ject would, and he can readily estima
the cost of production and the vall
the crop would be, and he would n
be called upon to labor In vain or mal
expensive mistakes.
It would pay any farmer to have I
experiment acre on his farm. Tt
should be of soil that most nearly re
resents his farm, and not selected b
cause of its depth or richness. As
plots about a well-kept farm, it shou
have a neat fence that will turn I
stray battle, pigs or chickens th
might chance to get beyond their ov
forage fields. The ground should I
carefully laid off in plants, with wall
and paths between the sections.
should be mapped and planned eas
season before planting time, and thi
played out in strict accordance to tl
plans made. A record book shou
be kept, each section, be or row nut
bered and everytlimiig css EOll~
during the season: should be jotti
down for future reference. One se
son's study of a plant will usual
show whether it would pay t rali
it extensively or whether it would n
pay at all. There are also new met
ods of tending the plants already f
miliar with, which can be tested in ti
experimental plot before old and. tri4
methods are abandoned.
The studying of books and journal
devoted to the farming Interests w
suggest items which farmers may d
sire to test before introducing them (
his farm. He can jot It down on
page of his record book devoted to ne
experiments and make his plans a
cordingly to accommodate it the f<
lowing year. Of course, he will not 1
a~I2 $? tr v eythiing he might d
sire to, but he can pick out the mo
important from the list each year.
Nor need the plot be an expen
without a return. A well conduct
plot will be self sustaining. The kite
en table, the poultry yard, sets and t
bers and seed for the next season, i
can come in on the profit side of tl
balance sheet, at the end of the yes
Thoe pcOFriBWt 8s win be o fv'
greatest beneft not only to the farm
himself, but to all his neighbors
well. By keeping in touch with tl
State and Govermental experime
stations and running a miniature st
tion of his own, the farmer will not o
ly save himself many expensive ml
takes but will learn many things th
will mean a goodly addition to his yea
ly income and will d44 to tl
value of his farm.-J. L. Irwin
Farm, Field and Fireside.
Centralla, Kan.

Peaches in Dade.
Peach growing ought to be a mo
profitable business in this section
Twenty years ago the idea of growl
peaches for a profit below the 28
degree of latitude, would have be<
scoffed at if suggested. Fifteen yea
ago the supposition met with tl
sterotyped objection, "It can't Ie dol
It never has been aone." But, son
progressive people tried peentoes, th4
the honey peach, and, grown bold
with success, the Georgia and Del
aware varieties proved profitable, U
til now, they are profitable crol
as far south as we have be<
tried. In a small way the writer's o
servation and experience indicate th.
the seed planted in the ground whe
the trees are desired will flourish ai
will be laden with fruit the secol
year fully as fine always, and better


aU


some instances than the original fruit.
Those experiments of course, were
made only with the best specimens of
fruit bought in the retail market, but
they are a hint of what might be done
by some care and more intelligence.
The Metropolis would be glad to see
the farmers of Dade making all the
money possible and hopes peaches will
have a show. They ripen here two
months or more before the Georgia
fruit, and would command fancy
prices everywhere.-Miami Metropolis.


OHEAP COLUMN
FOB SALE-Sixty Varn tents X8X8 : einhty
quart lamps with No. S burner; good order;
will sell cheap. CHAS. R. MITCHELL,
Candler, Fla. 12-14

500 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make
your choice. White and Brown legho.as,
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff
of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cata-
logue and price list free.
5tf. E. W. Amaden, Ormond, Fla.
VILLA LA'E WNURSERITES.
Fruitland Park, Lake Co., Fla.
affsrA far JUST siaMninsg rWariti sf 3 aWd
3 year citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address, C. W. FOX, Prop.
24tf
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
Grapefruit Trees 4,500 budded. Box "I,
Orland.o Fla, tt
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or money
refunded. W. H. Mann. Manville, Fla.
1ortl-19M0.
BRONZE TURKEYS, Pekin Ducks, Black
Lanushans, Indian Games, Barred, Buff
and White Plymouth Rocks. Eggs in sea-
son. Mrs. W. H. MANN, Mannvlle, Fla.
4x16.
EGGS FOR HATCHING--ilver Laced Wy-
andottes. Brown Leghorns. 15 for $1.00. 30
for 1.75, 40 for 12.00. W. P. WOODWORTH,
Dlsston City, Fla 4tf
SEA SHELLS-Beautiful Shells from the
Gulf coast. A sample lot of 12. all different,
for 25c, postpaid. W. P. WOODWORTH,
Disston City. Fla. 4tf
FOR SALE-A few trios of Buff Plymouth
Rocks; also eggs from two yards, not re-
ated. Mrs. F. R. HASKINS, Mannville, Fla.
WE HAVE complete list American
mttstwFar Sans tBr Tfw raas Ma Iwz
sat 5priss sad samp ,tis d7v t am rm f6l.
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
gines, boilers, incubators, windmills, or
anything wanted. Correspondence solic-
ited.
American Trades Agency,
Jacksonville, Fla. 6tf
OUR VELVET BEAN HULLBR Is In
OPERATION.
Arrangements are perfected for doing
your work promptly; our capacity be-
ing twenty bushels an boure. Get your
beans in early and we will store them
for you free of charge. Our charge for
nhullini ie but 15(. &b UhwI oe .Eh. bea.n
aJLer ner are nunea. s a, unoa toE te
bushel.-E. 0. PAINTER & CO., T)E-
LAND, FLA. Otf.
WANTED-A quantity of Wild Lemon Seed
or young nursery stock. Please write the
price to A. L. Ingerson, Lemon City, Fla.
40-tf
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
47tf.
HIGH CLASS trees of all best adapted sorts.
Catalogue free L. Taber. .le. St. Mary
Nurseries, alen St Mary, Fla. W
FOR SALE-4100 cash. Eight acres of
high pine land near DeLand Junction: 5
acres cleared, three acres of which are
in grove, the balance of the tract is in
timber. Small house and a well on the
place. Address, T. M. H., Care Agricul-
turist, DeLand. Fla. *ty
ROSELLE (Jamaica Sorrel) The most useful
*plant in Florida. New seed auarenteed. 10
s a Aphi, 1% iB aon ounce- t. E. Tnomln
son, Avon Park, Fla. 11x13
WANTED-A good man with small family to
work on fruit farm, either for share or on
salary.
A. M. RICHBY.
Tarpon Springs, Pla. 11-17

TTHE U. a LTIV' STOCK REMBIT han prov
ed mott efficient in preventing and curing
Hog and Chicken Cholera and kindred dis-
eases. It is also a fine condition powder.
qales are increasing If vour dealer don't
keep it we will mail it To you on receipt of
price, 25c per % lb. Liberal discount to deal-
ers. ISAAC MORGAN. Agent, Kissimmee,
Fla. 12tt

BGGS FOR HATCHING-White Plymouth
Rocks exclusivel-. First pen headed by
White Cloud, jr.. who won second and spe-
cial prize in Madison Square Poultry show,
and who was bred direct from White Cloud,
for whom the owner- refused two thousand
dollars Three pens headed By cooeks li
rorted from A. C. Hawkins, the famous
breeder of Rocks. Eggs are hatching now 90
to 100 per cent. H, FRIPDLANDER, Inter-
lachen, Fla. 12-13a


FOR PROFIT AND PLEASURE



BUY ONLY


GRIFFIN'S

Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultry.
HIGHEST QUALITY. LOWEST PRICES.
Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,

Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
A SPECIALTY.
Al the Standard Varieties of Orange. Lemon 1 GraDe Fruits tL
stock. Also a complete assortment of the best varieties of Peaches, Plums,
Japan Persimmons, Pears, Apples, Mulberries, Figs, Pecans, Grapes, Or-
namental trees, Roses, etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
The most extensive propagting establishment in the Lower South.
Largest and most complete catalogue published in the South, listing a
complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, tree upon applica-
tion. Address,

THE GRIFFING BROS. CO., 7^"A"r M'
Sety Oas and GOound. 1148 Mainu t



Farmers' Attention!-

SPECIAL
8PRINQ
GOODS

Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
GEORGIA STOCkS.
ePRAYINQ OyTFIrT,
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies

Poultry Netting =I :"?1. Columbia Bicycles
CHARTER OAK STOVES,
CAJRARA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PUNPS
WrITE POR PRICES.
EO H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.


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0. 17 YEABS established. Oor respondence olUclt. Catalogue PFrle
0 estimates furnished. No Agents. *
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- -








202 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


HOVSUBOLD DEPARTMENT.

Address al communication to Homehold
Departmot AgrikclturiA. IeLad, Fla.
ArBPIFUI, CONIOBE.

Xrs. Jenkin's Bug.
The rags were of all colors, but of
somewhat faded appearance, and
young Mrs. Jenkins looked at them in
dismay as she thought of making a
rug for her little sitting room which
must also answer the purpose of parlor
and dining room.
She had a love for quiet harmonious
offoots, and could ase no beauty in floor
covering showing every shade of the
rainbow, whether they were arranged
by a set pattern, or mixed together like
hash in an old fashioned chopping
bowl.
While she was looking over the rags
a brisk stew was heard on the veranda
and a moment later a rosy face ap-
peared at the door.
"What in the world are you doing,
Ruthie?"exclaimed the new-comer af-
ter greeting were exchanged,
"I hardly know myself," replied Mrs.
Jenkins. "You see, I need another rug
for the sitting room, and I thought of
making one of rags, but these are such
a mixed lot that I fear I shall have to
give it up."
"Why don't you color thefl1?" askel
the caller. "They are nearly all of
wool goods, and will take the dyes
well."
"I suppose they would, but I have
never tried coloring, and I remembvc
that mother used to ha ve such a time
coloring when I was a little girl, that
I should not dare to begin."
"Oh, but she did not have diamond
dyes to use, did she?"
"She used a lot of things to make
the dye of, but I don't know what they
were, and to tell the truth, I don't
want to know, it always made such a
mess."
"Well, I don't blame you for not
wanting to try the old fashioned way,
but the diamond dyes come prepared
in ten cent packages and are very easy
to use. You can get any color you
want, and as many shades of a color
as you wish."
"Why, Blanche, you give me new
hope. Have you ever seen them tried.
and do you suppose I could manage
them?"
"Of course you could use them," wa-
the quick reply. "I have used them,
and here is the proof of my success.
My blue skirt and cream waist were
both dyed with diamond dyes."
"I am convinced," exclaimed Mrs.
Jenkins. Now do advise me as to col-
ors."
"Let me see!" looking around the
-room, "your wall paper shows violets
on a cream ground, while the wood
work is finished in natural color and
the furniture is of a brown shade. Why
not make a rug in brown and cream,
coloring several shades with the brow \\
and a mixture of the two colors for
a stripe between the stripes of the two
oolore to mako thom blend nicely?"
"'I think those colors would do nice-
ly," replied Mrs. Jenkins, "but what
did you mean by the stripes?"
"O, I forgot that you had not seen
Mrs. Bentley's Roman stripe rug. That
is the one I had in mind. It has many
colors, but I think you will be better
suited to have only the various shades
of two colors in yours," said Blanche.
"The stripes are across the rug, and
are of different widths. I would use
the darkest brown for the center
stripe, then the next higher shade, and
so on, using the shades in order until


you come to the lightest at the ends.
Finish the ends with a fringe to har-
monize with the rug or not, as you
wish."
"I am sure that will be just what I
want. Now, please tell me what col-
ors of the dye to get."
"I think the fast dark brown for
wool, and the fast orange will be the
best ones for the purpose. Coloi the
darkest rags in the brown dye, saving
the white and very light colors for the
cream dye. Be very careful to put on-
ly a very little of the orange in the
dye or you will have an orange stripe
instead of a cream one. When you
have colored enough shades of brown
put a very little of the orange dye into
the brown dye, which will be quite
weak by that time, and color rags for
a stripe. Then put a little brown into
the cream for the next stripe. I al
most forgot to say that the lightori
shades of the brown are made by lear-
ing the goods in the dye only a short
time."
"I am so glad you came in this morn-
ing, Bancher I was almst di9u1:
aged, but now I will go right about
my rug making. It wil Itake some time
to make it after the coloring is done,
for I shall knit it with twine, putting
in little strips of rag one half inch
wide and two inches long with every
atiteh,"
"Why Ruthie, isn't that something
new? I never heard of it before."
"I have just learned of it of a lady
who is visiting at mother's. The rugs
are very pretty and wear a great many
years, so I want to matk mine that
way. They are knitted in stripes and
sewed together, which will be easily
managed in the striped rug you have
planned for me."
"O, my!" exclaimed the caller,
springing up, "Did that clock strike
ten? I shall have to hurry or my
bread will be running over the top of
the pan. I came over to say that I
have sent for that new shirt waist pat-
tern and you can use it if you like,
instead of buying one.',
"Thank you, Blanche, that will save
money for my rug dye, and I will re-
turn the favor some time."
R. E. Merryman.

Simple Coiffures are Correct Style'.
If you would coif your hair in the
most ultra fashion, gentle reader, take
it from Ihe top of your head where it
now reposes and plant it at the nape
of your neck in a knot the shape o: a
"hath tuns." There are cycles in nair-
dressing as in other modes of feminine
adornment, but as far back as I can
memorize woman's hair has been worn
at the crown or atop her skull, irre-
spective of outline, quantity, feat'uei
or comfort, because it was the prevail-
ing mode, says a writer in the Chicago
Chronicle. For the past few months
great simplicity in coiffure has been the
correct thing. Women who know have
worn their crowning glory brushed
smoothly and uniformly and perfectly.
shining like rich satin, without kink (
uavr or mutinoeus url, showing per
feet care and "grooming," as the say-
ing goes. These masses of even, soft
hair have been loosely caught at the
extreme top of the head in a knot or
twist, and the hair turning lightly back
off the face in a tiny pompadour, the
great caricature pompadour being as
carefully avoided by the fashionable
woman as is the wearing of diamonds
of a morning. Girls have been coiffed
very much in this way, too, simplicity
being the main object, and also an ap-
pearance.of carelessness and unstudied
effect.


The woman who goes abroad with HOICE Vegetables
her hair tortured and Uurned by the 1i a
iron into a score of stiff, artificial I will always find a ready
waves, these surmounted by frizzled Imarket-but on that farmer
heaps of curls, and puffs and other m
heir dresser's delights, stamps herself can raise them who has studied
at once among her sister women as be-
ing outside "the know." The other the great secret how to ob-
day at an afternoon assembly of the tain both quality and quantity
famous local society of representative
women I was sitting next to a very by the judicious use of well-
well known and witty woman, and balanced fertilizers. No fertil-
back of a person whose abundant locks
had been contorted into a Medusa-like izer for Vegetables can produce
arrangement of intricate, snaky coils, I
most distrating to the eyo and up large yield unless it contains
setting to the intellect, as one was at least 8% Potash. Send for
forced to consider how the wearer had
ever made them in the first place or our books, which furnish full
kept them on when once made. Thus information. We send them
the brilliant address of the speaker of
the day was almost lost upon me, free of charge
when my neighbor broke the spell.
Said she: "I wonder how that woman GERMAN KALI WORKS.
got all of those sausages on top of 93 Nassau St., New York.
her head? They worry me to death;
let us change our seats." Which we Artiftic
did. So much of curls. For ultra.atyle
still cling to the appearance of care- M N UM NT8
lessness, roll the hair loosely together MONUMEI I
at the nape of the neck, bring it down
in front to a soft, fuzzy mass well ZC D in........
over the brow. Intellectual or other- TBm LATI T DEBmeI O
wise, it must be sacrificed, and your
will find all the new hats becoming ar
and yourself in the van of the mode
for 1900. The women in New York ald G rar -ite.
and London are wearing in their coiff- -
ures of an evening the very finest lit-
tle dwarf roses that can be made. They rt p roainr - -
give a spot of color and a finish to the Ror cemetery and awn enclosure
toilet and are, above all, a new idea.
Anything big or bungling in the hair
is now considered outre, although for Awork wanted Pri reonabe.
lgrls tie tulle twist to match the gown orrond
is still in vogue. The neckband is GrO. R. NIOHOLS A 00.
again an institution with evening 5 oHarrison Street,
frock, this to be the tulle or velvet, TAMPA PLOeID
and In nase of matrons and dowagers
is studded with as many jewels as it fried in butter; let them stew in one
will hold or the owner afford. For buds pint good broth or gravy until tender,
and younger women these tulle neck- mix with one cup milk, and thicken
bands with ball and dinner gowns with a little flour or corn starch, about
have little clusters of small flowers in two tablespoons. Simmer for a few
them, the dwarf roses, forget-me-nots minutes, then add eight hard-boiled
or tiny 'blossoms of any kind or color eggs cut in slices. Let them get very
becoming to the individual faeo.-Den- hot, but do not boil.
ver Times-Sun. Rice Muffins.-Take one cup cold


Lenten Fare.
Poached Eggs.-Grease the bottom
of a frying pan lightly, half fill it with
boiling water, add a pinch of salt and
a tablespoon vinegar; break the eggs
separately into a saucer, pour them
carefully into he water while boiling.
Let cook two minutes and a half, l:ft
out carefully, and serve on buttered
or cream toast.
Savory Eggs.-Break five eggs into a
bowl. add a pinch of salt and a little
chopped thyme, beat them well togetti-
er Rub a mall stewpan with a cut of
onion, place in it two tablespoons but-
ter, let get very hot, then pour in the
eggs and stir constantly until cooked
(about four minutes). Turn out on a
hot dtlll and serve at onoeo
Bread Crumb Omelet-One pint
bread crumbs, two tablespoons chop-
ped parsley, a slice of onion minced
line, a teaspoon marjoram, two egg.,
one teacup milk, a lump of butter size
of an egg, and seasoning to taste. Beat
the eggs thoroughly, add the milk.
then the rest of the Ingredients. Mix
well together, turn into a buttered dish
and bake in a slow' oven until light
brown. Turn it out on a hot dish and
serve at once.
Curried Eggs.-Add one teaspoon
curry powder to two onions sliced and


boiled rice, one pint flour two eggs,
one quart milk, a little salt, one .table-
spoon butter. eBat hard, bake quick-
ly and serve hot.-Ex.

OUR GREATEST SPEQIALEIT,
For 20 years Dr. J. Newton Hath-
away has so successfully treated
chronic diseases that he is acknowled-
ed to-day to stand at the head of his
profession in this line. His exclusive
method of treatment for Varicocele
and stricture, without the aid of knife
or cautery, cures in 90 per cent. of all
cases. In the treatment of loss of
Vital forces, Nervous Disorders, Kid-
ney and Urinary Complaints, Paraly-
sis, Blood Poisoning, Rheumatism, Ca-
tarrh and Diseases peculiar to women,
he is equally successful. Dr. Hath-
away's practice is more tman double
that of any other specialist. Cases
pronounced hopeless by other physi-
cians, readily yield to his treatment
Write him to-day fully, about your
case. He makes no charge for consul-
tation or advice, either at his office or
by mail. J. Newton Hathaway, M. D.
25 Bryan Street, Savannah, Ga.




Iami~ofibffm








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 203


POULTRY" DiAEPARTBNT.

A44fi* aP .- '-*; as FoultUr De-
punment. Box soo. DeLsad FLe.

The ussmian Nowl.
In his notes concerning the great
poultry exhibition held at St. Peters-


port this contention other than the ap-
pearance of the fowls. At this late
d(lt it would Drobably be a fruitless
inquiry to seek their origin. One would
probably find only myths where he
sought facts. This breed illustrates
the not uncommon fact that questions
of origin are often obscure; that when


burg, Rosala, in 1890 Mr. Edawar~lefbihd
da breed really become steals
Brw paso heOlifw.Hsthoa h coulll selosenc how e cm


S descrption of this breed, uBipleanate
by the illustrations which have since
appeared in a Russian poultry journal,
prove that the Orloff closely resembles
a fowl once prominent In this country,
but now setting to b6 quite a o, whioh
was known as the Russian. Its de-
scription was dropped from the Stand-
ard at its last revision, but appears in
previous issues.
For & nnimbt of yeam, I bred the
Russians, and a firm composed of
Messrs. True & Babcock of Hope Val-
ley, B, I,, were quite prominent breed-
ers and exhibitors of this rare and in-
teresting breed. That firm a long
time ago went out of existence. I be-
lieve, however, that there are til'
fowls of this breed In the southern
parts of the State of Rhode Island, and
probably also scattered over other
parts of the United States. Its de-
cline in popularity was synchronous
with the appearance of the Black
Wyatdotte, sad It 9i posalblo that the
latter was the cause of the former. It
is not always easy to trace cause and
effect in the decline of breeds, but it
does.not seem a stained interpretation
of the facts to suppose that in this
case the Black Wyandotte really dis-
alassd thg Runsafn, for the practical
qualities of the fowls were quite sim-
ilar, their size and color were the
same, and one grew in popularity as
e the other declined. Whether these
facts stand related in a causal manner
or not. we may be sure of the facts.
At one time the Russians were
known under the very taking descrip-
tion of "the great winter layers," a de-
scription for which *as some founda-
tion in fact, for the Russians were re-
aly excellent winter layers of rather
small white eggs, and were credited
with having made the record of 230
eggs in a year. It is possible that some
one hen may have made this record,
but I do not believe it possible that
any considerable flock of Russians, or
any other breed for that matter, ever
made such a record. To attribute to a
r 9o th record made by some phe-
nomenally proliAc hen, under SpMcily
favorable circumstances, is a false and
misleading manner of stating facts.
The Russian was a compactly built
fowl, resembling in this respect the
Wyandotte in its Bse state; hla a
small rose comb and a heavy beard
and whiskers. The beard and whis-
ers were more pronounced in the hens
than in the cocks, and gave the flock a
peculiarly striking appearance. The
plumage, as already indicated, was a
deep black throughout, and in the best
specimens was full of green lustre.
Just what was their origin does not
seem to be known. It has been said
that they were originally imported
from Russia, and that their name was
geographically correct. The fact that
the Orloff, except in color, bears a close
resemblance to the Russian, seems to


to be have pa od over to the great
majority. This is more particularly true
of old breeds, for nowadays poultry
publications record the beginnings of
breeds, and their makers record the
racts even oetore the breeds are etabb-
lished. But this was not so twenty-
five or fifty years ago. Few if any
publications devoted to poultry existed,
and fowls were not deemed of suffic-
ient importance-speaking generally-
to demand the record of their begin-
nings. When the origin of even such
modern breeds as the Plymouth Rock
and Wyandotte are questions of debate
or are unknown, it is not strange that
more ancient ones are involved In a
hopeless obscurity.
Whether it would pay to revive the
decadent Russians, is a subject upon
which there might be an honest differ-
ence of opinion. My own belief is that
it is doubtful. For the sake of the
variety they would give among fowls,
their revival seems deorable, but for
practical purposes, so long as we have
the Blacia Wyandotte, they are not
needed. It is not likely that they would
ever again become very popular,
though even unpopular fowls obtain
some adherents, and they might pay
in the hand of a f&w mSIS
The Russian caught me the possibi-
lity of a black fowl producing a white
chicken. I had known of albinism
theoretically, but had never, at that
time, had a practical experience of it;
but from one of the eggs laid by one of
my Russians was hatched a pure white
chicken. It is interesting to note that
in this connection there is a white va-
riety of the Orloff fowl. Since then I
have seen other colored fowls produce
white chickens, when the possibility
of crossing was excluded, and may
therefore be said to know experiment-
ally, however much some breeders
may doubt the fact, that white "spots,"
though rare, are undoubted occurren-
ces.
Such was, perhaps, even yet is, the
Russian, an interesting and useful
f thlt he diappe red or is dis-
appearing before other no better but
somehow more popular breeds. It is
curious, almost if not quite enexplica-
ble wha makes for popularity or the
reverse in breeds of fowls. No one can
say that the breed will proipr be-
cause it has substantial merits, for
meritorious fowls have appeared and
disappeared, and other breeds, no whit
better, have kept on the high road of
prosperity. This disappearance of the
fowl is no argument for its lack of
merit, for one who has followed the
history of different breeds, can name
not a few highly meritorious ones of
which it can be written, as it was of
ancient Troy, "they were." The for-
mula of assured popularity is yet to
be discovered, and the discoverer is
worthy of and certain to receive a
handsome reward.-H. S. Babcock in


lend some support to this statement; Country Gentleman.
but the firm of True & Babcock were
unable, in their day, to secure any The International Publishing Com-
Russians from that country, although pany of Philadelphia and Chicago,
they mde reputed Inquiries and were have just published a new and inter
ready to pay any reasonable price for testing life of D. L. Moody. Also.
the fowls. By others it has been sup- "War in Africa," and many other ele-
posed that the Russian was of Asiatic gant and useful books. The best terms
origin, with probably a Polish cross, to agents. Apply to I. Morgan, Kis-
but I do not know of any facts to sup- simmee, State agent for Florida.
I


Seed


Seed


4 Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gainesville
- to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special inducements to pur-
. chasers of SEED OATS, SEED POTATOES, VELVET BEANS, etc.
* I have 800 pound . . . . . . . . . .





Sfor delivery by January 1st. Address all orders and enquiries to
40
S_-P.F. WILSON,
+ JAOKSONVILE, FLA.


-'
4
.4
4
4


+ ###


MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.
SQOOQ00000 00 Pames er Service.
Florid a To ma.e eio conec. -

New York Jicksonville (Union de-
pot) Thursdays 8:20 a.:m.,
Phila- &. & P. By.)or Fernan-
dina 1:30 p. m., via Cum-
delphia & berland steamer; mae
t. epu mroute, or "all raft" via
Boston Pat System at 7:ip. m.,
ar. Brunswick ll:30 m..
From Brunswick direct to greatly aboard stem-
New York. er.

BOPOSED SAIHINGE for Meh. 1900.
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK, GA.. DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY AS FOLLOWS:
S. S. RIO GRANDE .......... .......... ....... ....Friday, March 9.
S. S. COLORAD ...................................Friday, March 16.
H10 OS5ANDE ..... a a ,,. a..,....... ..,, d.a y, f i U S
S. S. COLORADO ......................... ...... .Friday, March 80.
SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO BRUNSWICK, STEAMERS LEAVE PIER a
E. R., EVERY FRIDAY, 3:00 P. M.
For general information, steamers, trains, rates, etc., apply to
BASIL GILL, ,. day Street. Jacksonville, Fla.
H. H. Raymond, General Southern Agent, Brunswick, Ga.,
C. H. Mallory & Co., general Agents, Pier B0E. R. and 38 Broadway, N. Y.


lave Yam Etther an

Orange Grove or trdeT ?
Lravth to do wlb.6er Br rYs
ep n. to r work Sy t

fTmertcan Fruit aivd Vefetahle JounaI,
Published at 713 Masonic Temple, Chicago, II.

All departments of the Fruit and Vegetable business discussed by pruedm experienced
parties.
R E> We will send this excellent paper abMoltely ftee for one year to
all new subscribers to this paper, and to all old subscribers paying
their subscription one year In advance Bot papers for the rie
of one Send your snuburitlon to this oflce while this offer is
open. uioh uDcis .a. .
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


NO ALMANAC DIRECTIONS NECES-
SARY.
"Spinning tops*already, Johnny? How do
you boys know when to spin tops?"
"Aw, we sees 'em in the windows."
"And how does the toyshop man know when
to put them in the windows?"
"Aw, he sees us boys spinnin' 'em."--In.
diapapolis Journal.


FaNeYROYAL PILU
dulsd asS Saely e Ae

-. seLwhb~~Lue ibrTak.'e
I.n he ady~l
teutie swi
S4.U. i IIwlby
604*1 Ln DruinlI. PIL


It is a real pleasure to us to speak
favorably of Pain-Killer, known almost J4uID l ZT3 ATh or W lo a
A" Isprevoment em the 5.0ke-hem 1e.
universally to be a good and safe rem- Pr-asert mEt.
edy for burns and other pains of the Smoking meta in a smoke-house with all Its
body. It is valuable not only for colds delays and annoymr and the consSat dn-
ger of thieves getting the
!n winter, but for various summer me Is beingraply one
rway with 04 ftrmWX and
complaints, and should' be in every a tock racers become better
acquainted with the olsn-
family. The casualty which demands Ha l snety anm s~ae" of
it may come unaware.-Christian Ad- time tat come fom us
the Liquid Extract of Smoke preredr
vocate. Avoid substitutes, there is but by Krauser & Bro., of Mlton, Pa.
on Pin-iller, erry Davis'. Price Te applied th a brush or
on an-Killer, Perry Davis'. Price a sponge and the meats can be hung in a
25c. and 50C. 16 garret or other sate place, away from
thieves either four-legged or two-legge.
K raiser's Ilaid ERatat 9gf oke is
I prepared from selected htckory wood
t contains the same ingredients that preserve
If each farmer would not only do his meat when the wood is burned underSt in a
best in farm products this year. but also smoke-hous. It improves the flavor of meat
is n perfectly healthful and is a better mand
incite his neighbor to do the same I aga inseMlot than the old way oftme .
thing what wonderful progress the The mannrttOvwerewI mend oroulm to e
State would show. one interested


+++ .... ............... t## ... #


~~~"~ `~~~ ~'~~~ ~I--~-- -~ ~~ ~- ---~~








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


SLAVE AND SAINT.
"You'd not be all that of a scoundrel,
Crawford?" said Tom Downing, after
a minute's hesitation, during which he
looked solemnly at his friend. Craw-
ford Sands spent that minute in shrug-
ging his shoulders and looking else-
where. He wore an eyeglass. The
thing helped him in moments like this.
"The word 'scoundrel' may be vari-
ously defined, 91d shapl" he said after
a further pause.
"By men who are scoundrels accord-
ing to the common meaning of the
word-only by them, Crawford."
"Thanks. Well, I'm off to meet
Vinny. She's coming down from town
this morning. I think I told you. I
hope you'll help with the boat this af-
ternoon."
"Crawford," said Tom Downing, "Do
be plucky, for God's sake, and your
sister's."
The two young men faced each other,
and it seemed for a moment as if the
reckless expression was about to flit
frem the eyes of Crawford Sanid. But
he conquered the better impulse.
"Look here, Downing," he said, "it
needn't make the least difference to
you. You can make love to Vinny just
the same, and she'll marry you fast
enough whenever you like to ask her,
or I don't--"
But with a rush of crimson to his
tanned cheeks Tom Downing inter-
vened.
"That'll do, Sands," he said quietly,
"it's my turn to say Thanks.'"
Then he let the room and the house
and it wasn't until he ran against Car-
.ruthers, of Balliol, that he realized he
was hatless.
He bought a cap in one of the shops,
and got into a boat and had a paddle
all to himself. And while he paddled
he thought:
"Was it true that Vinny Sands would
marry him 'fast enough whenever,'
etc?"
The idea thrilled him.
Yet what was the use of toying with
the sweet hope in the presetit circum-
stances?
"Here am I, at Oxford, fighting for
a degree, with the world to fight after-
ward, and only a hundred a year to my
name! Also, to some extent, I have
poor Crawford's wild ways on my soul.
If I had looked after him better he
would never have got mixed up with
that fast Dunlace lot. And, to mend it
all, I want Vinny Sands."
After this reflection he rowed more
furiously still; and so it wasn't perhaps
wonderful that by and by he was to be
seen trotting back to the rooms he
shared with Crawford Sands, dribbling
Thames water on to the pavement from
several parts of him. Anyhow, he had
managed to save from a watery grave
that young counter jumper whom in
his mad career he had so unfortunately
spilled. It was thus that he shook
hands with Vinny Sands on the landing
of the lodging house. There was trou-
ble in her pretty eyes, but it vanished
quickly at the sight of him.
Crawford Sands laughed at the wet
clothes.
"I'll tell you what it means, Vin," he
said. "Tom tried to drown himself be-
cause I hinted that you were engaged
to that Captain What's-his-name; but
he thought better of it in the nick of
time."
"Crawford!" cried Vinny.
"He's the same old feather brain
Miss Vinny," murmured Tom, warmed
by the reproach in the girl's voice and
the glorious color in her face. And
then he went off to get presentable foi
luncheon.
The afternoon and evening that fol-
lowed were full of emotion for Tom
Downing and Lavina Sands.
Crawford had the good sense not tc
spoil his sister's pleasure. On the way
to the station he had just hinted thai
he was in another little hole, but he
had declined to be more explicit until
later in the day. The sunshine and ioy-
ous July air of the river and the splen-
did green meadows and woods for the
time charmed away Vinny's gnawing
fears.
How much sweeter was this life thar
that of the Bayswater boarding house
in which she,, a lone maiden, lived pe-
nurious days for her brother's sake!
And how much more stimulating was
the sight of Tom Downing, the


thoughtful, strong and tender, than the.
Captain Marshall (a half-pay person),
who at Bayswater made as much love
to her over the joint as he dared!
Crawford was gay-so wildly gay, in
fact, that the two others looked at each
other with a certain terror, even while
they laughed at him.
Once Tom had a chance to get in a
sober word or two. Crawford had gone
off to a cottage for some milk, leav-
ing them in the boat together.
He began by hoping that things at
the boarding house were pleasanter
than usual.
Then he plunged into an earnest en-
treaty that she would regard him as a
life-long friend; his income and eternal
regard were hers.
"I don't understand you, Mr. Down-
ing," Vinny whispered. "Are you
thinking about Crawford's trouble,
too?"
"Yours first, his secondly. I can
never forgive myself that he was not
kept straighter."
"You," she answered, "have nothing
to reproach yourself for. Poor Craw-
ford himself admits that if he had only
been wise enough- Hush! here he
comes!"
So it ended.
After dinner, by special request, the
brother and sister were left alone. It
made Tom's heart ache to think of this
orphaned girl of one-and-twenty thus
tackling the position of debt and dis-
grace which confronted her brother of
22.
But it was worst of all in the morn-
ing.
There was no Crawford at the break-
fast table. 'Tom and Vinny sat down to
the meal together, and when it was
over the girl explained things.
"He has committed forgery, Mr.
Downing, and I have persuaded him to
leave Oxford at once. He will live it
down, I believe. I told him I was sure
you would do what was necessary-to--
to sell his books and things, and-
and-"
Then she broke down, and before
Tom quite knew what he was doing he
had taken the girl in his arms and was
comforting her as if she had been his
own brave little sister.
This, however, could not last. With
a miserable little smile, Vinny at
length freed herself.
"Yes," she confessed, being urged.
"I love you very much, Tom. So much
that-but it's no use talking. Please
go off to your lecture now. By and
by. perhaps-"
However, there was no such by and
by for Tom Downing. The brave little
Vinny just left him 'a note to greet
him at luncheon. There was no room
in her life for love at present. Craw-
ord's responsibilities were all-absorb-
ing.
It was in vain that Tom Downing
took train to London the next day and
stormed the Bayswater boarding house.
Vinny had left bag and bargage the
previous evening.
Rather more than five years after he
had thus lost Vinny, Tom Downing
went under doctor's orders to St. Leon-
ard's. He was paying the penalty of
moderate literary success; the demands
upon his brain had resulted in nervous
breakdown.
The first house at whtch he applied
for rooms could not accommodate him.
hut the landlady suggested that he
should try next door. He did so-the
Same on a brass plate, Mrs. Wills. was
as good or as bad as any other name.
Here he was invited inside, while the
maidservant sought information for him
SThe room he was in had an unusual air
of refinement. But all in an instant
STom came near staggering. for on the
Smantlepiece was his own portrait in the
Oxford days. and by its side Crawford
Sands' portrait also. He was still ab-
Sorbed in his heart's palpitations when
Sthe door opened and a matronly woman
e anneared.
"What brings that here?" he asked.
Sso ;ercely that the good woman stared
at him. He pointed at his own por-
Strait.
"Really. sir. I believe it is the late
Mr. Wills." she replied, almost fright-
I enerd by his face.
S"Nonsense! My name is Downing.
Tt is my photograph." said Tom. "when
T didn't wePr a beard. Are you not
SMrs. Wills?"
"Oh, no. I am the housekeeper.


Mrs. Wills is in London. She and her
brother are returning this evening.
The other gentleman is her brother."
Then Tom fancied he understood the
situation. So he had found Vinny at
last. She was a boarding house keep-
er-her early experience at Bayswater
was being turned to account. She had
married, changed her nature altogether,
and was now commonplace, mercenary,
and-a widow!
"I was told you wanted rooms, sir!"
inquired the woman, breaking his rev-
erie.
"Shall I stay, or shall I not?" he
asked himself.
He decided that he would.
He was very bitter all that day. Mrs.
Wills had not come home by dinner
time. He ate his own dinner and stared
at the sea. So Master Crawford was
nearly a qualified medical man-he had
ascertained that. What a change must
have been wrought in him also. He
must have gone to the hospitals almost
as soon as he disappeared from Ox-
ford.
It was while he was thus staring at
the sea that he saw Vinny herself and
Crawford walking toward the house.
"I'll meet them. They shall have their
pleasant surprise as sharp as possible,"
he said.
But he timed the meeting rather bad-
ly. The fact is, he lost his way in the
house, which was a large one, and ere
he was at the bottom of the stairs he
heard Vinny's voice exclaim:
"Oh, Crawford, dear, it must be Tom;
whatever shall I do?"
"Yes, it's Tom, sure enough, Mrs.
Wills!" said Tom Downing from the
stairs. He meant his tone to be at
least commonplace.
Then with the sweetest look of sad-
ness and appeal that was ever on a hu-
man face. Vinny sobbed out, "Oh,
Crawford!" and fainted in her brother's
arms.
The young doctor smiled oddly.
"It's all right, Mrs. Craig," he said
to the housekeeper. "Don't you worry.
Leave us alone. Lend a hand, Tom
Downing, if you will condescend so
far."
Tom did condescend. It thrilled him
merely to touch the girl (she looked a
girl still, in spite of all), and his heart
was wild as he gazed at her on the
sofa.
Crawford did what was necessary,
and then turned to his old friend.
"She'll get round in about five min-
utes now," he said. "By George, what
a situation!" And he laughed.
"Is there anything comical in it?"
asked Tom, angrily.
"Rather, old man. That girl there is
a living lie. Look at that ring on her
finger. There never was any such per-
son as the Mr. Wills it indicates. She
married him for my sake, old chap.
Wouldn't have been proper to run the
lodging house else, she said. She's
slaved and slaved between her duty to
her customers and what she calls her
duty to me. Talk about your medieval
saints, they're not in it with her. And
now. oh. lor! Just the one thing has
happened that she prayed nightly. I be-
lieve mightn't happen-you've turned
turned up!"
"Does she detest me so much?" asked
Tom. lamely.
"No. the other thing, old fellow. And
so if you would clear out quickly-she's
coming round. Now then, Downing,
what are you up to?"
But Tom was on his knees by Vinnv's
side. and was pressing her hands to his
lips: and when she opened her eyes it
was to look into his eyes.
She called her poor-little deception
an amazing crime: but so did not Tom,
whose nervous breakdown left him
from the moment when Vinnv empow-
ered him to summon Mrs. Craig and
inform that good woman that the
boarding house might, on certain easy
condition ns,be transferred to her.-Ex.

An Extensive Truck Garden.
The largest truck garden in the Bis-
rayne Bay country is owned by Messrs.
Peters at Cutler. They have from 225
to 29o acres planted in tomatoes. and it
is estimated that it will require x.o
nickers and packers and forty teams to
move the crop. With an ordinary yield
Messrs. Peters will ship in the neigh-
hnrhood of Ioo,ooo crates this season.
The plants are now in all stages of
growth, from those just set in the field


Locomotor Ataxla.

it Amp r lftLbn Amrnint 5lmmlr
sts all Ort daT Taneate-t-A
nedrai msefo That Ua Mi
mainy suesesse

Loqmotor taia s a disease of the spinal
eord and often appears without any known
cause whatever. One ofthe commonestand
arises signs is a hired feeling noted In the
knees and ankles. Often a sene of numb-
nes associated with it.
The disease is stubborn in yielding to
treatment and wa for many years consid-
tred tr6u blt. It h"a no* been flly
demonstrated in a large number of cue
that it can be cured by the use of Dr. Wil-
liame' Pink Pills for Pale People. A recent
ease is that of William H. Harrison, oflS,
Washington Street, Boton, Mam. Whn
interviewed Mr. Harrison maid:
"In July, 1886, while on a pleasure trip
to St. John's, New Brunswick, I was taken
with a nervous trouble that rapidly rew
worse. My limbs became numb, am on
awakening in the morning I found grat
dilculhy n stralghtening them. I called a
doctor who diagnosed the trouble as loeo-
motor ataxia. My father at onee brought
me beuk to Boston, and I was treated by the
beat doctors. I was confined to my bed for
three months. The doctors' treatment
helped me somewhat but they could not
promise a cure. When was able to get up
)i ,I went about with
Stwo canes, a I was
i unable to coatrol the
movements of my
limbs. For a year
J and a half I was not
able to do any work
whatever. I tried
several advertised
nerve medicines but
received no benefit.
S"One day a friend
recommended Dr.
Williams' Pink Pill
for Pale People, sad
I got some. By the
Powmels. time I had taken the
third box I found that they were doing me
good. At this time I could walk only with
canes and did not attempt to go out of the
house. I continued taking the pills and in
two months' time the numb feeling bad left
my libe and I was able to walk naturally
and without the slightest difficulty.
"Dr. Williams' Pink Pillsfor Pale Peopl
effected a radical ure in myease ad I have
never had a return of the trouble. I am
glad to recommend the pills a the best
medicine for nervous afliction.."
WM. H. HAausox.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this
2Mth day of Augut, 188.
JomxP E. DVnmurW, M. D.
[6UAU] NohVPOW&e.
All the elements necessary to give w
life and richness to the blood and restore
shattered nerves are contained, in a ooa-
dmsed form, in Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
for Pale People. At dru ts or direct o
Dr. Williams Medisine mpany, e BILeC-
tady N. Y., 5o cents per box, or sx boxes
JftttJBO


to acres now in full bearing. Mr. Pe-
ters, Sr., said to the writer: "Our crop
is the best we have ever grown. The
fact of it is it could not be better."
Three years ago Messrs. Peters set-
tled at Little River and planted their
first crop of tomatoes. Unlike many
others, they did "not bite off more than
they could chew," but gave their plants
the best of care, fertilized them intelli-
gently, and used great care in packing
their fruit. The fact is they are "all
round" good farmers, and success has
attended their efforts. Last season they
enlarged their plantings, and this year
with their 225 to 250 acres, are known
as "the tomato kings" of the Biscayne
Bay country.-Homeseeker.
Farmers and builders will And It to
their advantage to write to Geo. H.
Fernald, Sanford, Fla., for prices on
all tools, implements and builders' sup-
plies. He is agent for the Acme Har-
rows, Walter A. Wood Mowers and
rakes, Remington, Avery and Brlnly
Plows, Charter Oak Stoves and
Ranges, Devoe's Paints and Columbia
Bicycles. He has the best equipped
plumbing, steam and gas fitting estab-
lishment and tin shop in South Flor-
Ida. Pumps, Columbia Bicycles, Boil-
ers, Machinery, new and second hand
a specialty. All inquiries promptly an-
swered.
Sharples Cream Separatorg-PrWot.
able Dairying.







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


AND X00 i3n8.

An energetic hermit named Wlllan
Schueller, *ho lives at Franklin, Mich
igan, Is said to be one of the most suec
cessful fishermen in his part of the
country, and he claims to call the fisl
to him by singing Old Hundred. He
goes out in his boat and takes a sta-
tion in fairly deep water. Then he
sings, at the same time keeping his
eyes on the water in search of fish.
Gradually the fish crowd about his
boat, he claims, and when enough are
gathered together the wily fisherman
casts a net and catches dozens at a
single haul. The old gentleman has a
famous voice, and his neighbors are in-
clined to believe his strange story.

It seems that his holiness Leo XIII,
in the matter of eating and drinking is
most frugal. A correspondent at the
Vatican states that the pope's break-
fast consists of a cup of goat milk with
a dash of coffee in it. At his dinner he
consumes a basin of broth and one
plate of roast or boiled meat, followed
by an orange-the latter at all seasons
of the year. For supper he takes a
second basin of broth and a boiled egg.
--Chicago Times-Herald.

Le Matin, founded in Paris by two
Americans ten years ago, has now
grown to be one of the most powerful
newspapers in the French metropolis.
Six months ago it raised enough mon-
ey in one week to build two subma-
rine boats-Le, Francalse and L'Al-
gerien-which it presented to the gov-
ernment. Now the paper devotes $200,-
000 to equip a surveying mission for
the trans-Sahara Railroad declining to
accept any help In equipping.

Lord Rothschild has just celebrated
his fifty-ninth birthday. His lordship
is the male heir of old Meyer Amschal
Rothchild, the founder of the wealth
of the family. The latter's son be-
came an English subject, and the fa-
ther of Lord Rothclilld was the grand-
son of old Meyer. For 20 years Lord
Rothchild sat in the house of com-
mons as member for Aylesb7ry, and
in 1885 he was promoted to the peer-
age, the first Jew to receive the honor.
It was Mr. Gradstone who created the
Innovation, but Lord Rothchlld is now
a follower of Lord Salisbury.

A hall has been built at Oberam-
mergan for future performances of
the Passion play. It cost $50,000 and
is capable of holding an audience of
4,000. The stage and proscenium will
still be open, with the valley and
mountains as a background. The first
performance this year will take place
on May 24.

The illiteracy of Russia exceeds that
of any other country claiming to have
a civilized government. The Humani-
tarian states that in 10,000 villages of
the vast empire there is not a school,
and it Is estimated that not 20 per
cent. of the population ofthe empire
has acquired even the rudiments of a
common school education. It has been
figured out that If the Czar would dis-
band 100,000 men of the vast'army he
would thereby save money enough to
provide a school for each of these vil-
lages. It is not surprising that the
Czar should desire to reach some ar-
rangement with the other nations
which would permit him to partially
disarm.

. In 1838 Francis Douce, the antiqua-


mingle with the bell metal the result
would be secured, she, waiting beside
her father until able to see her face In
the molten ore, plunged in and was de-
stroyed. To the sacrifice of this maiden
the Chinese attribute the beauty and
sweetness of the tone of the great bell
of Tu-cung-iz.-New York Times.


In the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand,
is one of the most extraordinary isl-
ands in the world. It is called White
Island, and consists mainly of sulphur
mixed with gypsum and a few other
minerals. Over the island, which is
about three miles in circumference,
and which rises between 800 feet and
900 feet above the sea, floats continif.
ally an immense cloud of vapor, at-
taining an elevation of 10,000 feet,
In the center is a billing lake of acid-
charged water, covering 50 acres, and
surrounded with blowholes from which
steam and sulphurous fumes are emit-
ted with a great force and noise. With
care, a boat can be navigated on the
lake. The sulphur from White Islan1
is very pure, but little effort has yet
been made to procure it systematical-
ly.

One of the most remarkable of all
the sound producing fishes is found in
China seas, and an account of its ac-
tions has been given by Lieutenant
White of the British navy. He was
engaged in some special work at the
entrance of the river, and came to .in-
chor one night in shallow water. Pres-
ently strange sounds began to be heard
coming up from the bottom. They
were described as resembling ihe
clanging of bells, and tie beating of
drums. The men were demoralized
and attributed the noises to spirits, it
being said that a crew of pirates had
gone down there, but the officers were
convinced that the noise was caused
by some sea animals, and investigation
showed that it came from a school of
fish that made the sound by clapping
their teeth together.

Some very extraordinary carvings
are to be found in Thomboo, on the
Irawaddy, .where they are cut out of
the face of the high cliff rising directly
from the river bank and are of great
size. They consist of a succession of
rudely formed nitches, in appearance
something like the catacombs of Rome,
and these are full of large and small
Images of Buddha, who is represented
in several positions. On the summit


Ocean Steamship Co.,















"SAVANNAH LINE."


art al, Part Sea.

FasL Freigkt a8d Luxurious Passenger BRute

FROM

FLORIDA TO NEWYORK,

BOSTON & THE EAST.


Short Rail Ride to Savannah.

Thene via SUp, aUitawg Pm Savannah, Four SUh XMa
Week to N o TVQk, a and Two to koston.
AB ticket agents and hotels ae supplied with monthly sailing seedules.
Write for general information, sailing schedule, stateroom reservatiUn
W call an
3 H. Hiaton, Trake M]* ew, Walter Hawkins, Gea'l Agt
Savanaah, Ga. 2 W. Bay St.. Jacksoavrllae. i


of the cliff is a pagoda of great eanc- will put them at $1.50 per ioo pounds.
tity, which is visited every year by Thus from one acre of land we get
large numbers of pilgrims. $45 to $6o, according to the yield. Pre-
paring the lahd, gathering, beating out
ussian Sunfowers. seeds, fanning out chaff and sacking
for market does not cost over $Io per
The South, after bowing to "King acre, including freight on seeds. This
Cotton" for a great number of years, leaves to the farmer $35 to $50, as the
has at last aroused from its lethargy case may be, which depends entirely on
sufficiently to at least inquire about the land. What Southern planter ever
some other commodities. And among cleared on cotton $35 per acre? The
the inquiries are several asking me seeds are fine feed for horses, cows,
about Golden Russian sunflower seeds, hogs, sheep and fowls of all kinds.
This is a crop that requires only one From the seeds also is manufactured
plowing after the plants are up, and an oil of fine quality. The leaves make
will yield on good land three or four fine fodder when cured and are relished
thousand pounds of seeds. These seeds by horses and cattle.-Home and Farm.
will sell from $3 to $6 per Ioo pounds,
generally. But for argument's sake we Plant your spring ads.


ry, bequeathed a sealed box to the SEND N(
British museum on condition that it
was not to be opened until Jan. 1st, s 9l -
1900. Some literary people in England "iI---
are now clamoring for information as =mi O0urayon
to its contents, but it is unlikely that Kr*ia th
their curiosity will be gratified for a jrDi i-Ai "I I1
long time, as a great many formalities ISl %S. #sAS
have to be gone through first. it tm tra Tvl
BEWARE OF
The largest hanging bell in the world V==ou s Sa C
Is in a Buddhist monastery near Can- THE BU D I
ton. It is 18 feet high and 45 feet in
circumference and is of solid bronze.
Canton has a pretty little fable con-
nected with it. The story is told by
Mrs. J. P. Newman in one of her
sketches of travel. The life of the
founder of the greatest bell of China
had been threatened by the emperor

to make a bell having perfect purity
of tone. The bell founder's beautiful'
daughter, witnessing her father's *
agony while imploring the emperor for '= f USEi!-%.t
one more trial, consulted the gods as AIU,
to the reason of failure. Being told
hatli- athrulA ld hleAl of a fair maiA n








206 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.



Maurice Barrymore's wit is far famed
but a neat little witticism at his expense THE GREAT THROUGH CAR LINE.
was Augustus Thomas' laconic criticism
of one of Barrymore's plays.
The celebrated playwright had been Look at your tongue. LOCAL SCHEDULE.
mercilessly picking flaws in the actor's Is it coated ?
drama until the good nature Barry Then you have a bad ,'ur:h bound. IN EFFECT FEB. 18, 1900. outead up.
winced. nead down.
"Oh, come, Gus," he interrupted. taste in your mouth every o, I a I I 7 21 I 3a
"Don't be quite so hard if it's not an morning. Your appetite 1.... .uai 1 ua op Lv.. .... ..Port T ampa ...... .Ar S.u6p 7.a.......
'Alabama.' Just remember that I wrote is poor, and food dis- ....... 7.3oa.0a 7.. p iLv .. .. Tampa Bay Hotel.........Arl 8.401 9.15o 7.30 .......
it in a week." 7.4 5a 1.59al 7.401 v.......... Tam pa. ..... ... Ar 7.30p 9.6p 7.2 .......
.1 AT cYO have ...... I.... I 3pLv ....unta Go da .... .. .. ..Ar1-1.25p U.p
"Did you, Barry?" retorted Thomas. tresses you. You haves and .. I..s Lv .. Punta ord.......... Ar r.p .0p .......
"Then you must have loafed."--Kan- frequent headaches and ....... .o0a 6.2o0pLv .......... ..Laertowland.......... ..Ar .20p 7. 6.1.......
sas City Independent. are often dizzy. Your ......... .18p10.42pLv .... .. .. ..ss immee.........Ar .... .4p 4. .......
stomach is weak and ... ...... 2.4p.pLv....... ..Oirlando........ .. Ar ....... .49p 4.32.......
....... i ....... I 2.dill.23ILv..W..... Winter Park........ ..Ar....... 5.40p 4.13a .......
THE PROBABLE REASON. your bowels are always ............. I 3.05pl.2.1 alLv......... Saniord.... ......Ar ....... 5.10p 3.30a.......
The Clergyman (proudly)-People are .constipated. ::I .... 4.4P .:aAr .... ...DeLand........ L ....... 3.2 .. .........
loath to leave my church Why, after constipatedI ...... I ...... 320pl....... ILv.. ........ DeLand.......... Ar ....... 4.45pl 8.0a .......
loath to leave my church. Why, after b There's an old and re- 10.00al 4.40pl 5.o6p 2.45alLv. .... ....Pala tka...... .. .. ArlU.30a 2.op .06a 6.30p
services, it is fully fifteen minutes be- 10o.a 5.30p 6.38p 4.34alLv . Green Cove Springs.. .. ...Ar.41a 1.52p l.1 6.14p
fore the edifice is emptied liable cure: 11.Oa 1 S.42p 3a.3lL ... .. Magnolia.......A: .36a 1 .172.la 5.0p
the Sinnei dnt wonder at that. 12.lO1p 6.Upi 6.30p 4..3a Ar .......... Jacksonville........ Lvi IL.4Ua 2.Opll.20p .4.0p
The Sinner-I don t wonder at that. ....7.10a..l ........ .. Lv.......... Port Tampa........ Arl S.05p .................
Some people are very hard to awaken! ....... '7.3a ....... ....... Lv. .. Tampa Bay Hotel.. .. ......Ar| 7.4Up .....................
-Brooklyn Life. .4a .............. .... ..pa.. ...... .. Ar' 7.3p .....................
B....... .... .... ....... v .... ....Punta Gorda........Ar .25p ....................
iy.. 0 ..... .. ..... ....L ... ..... ..Bartow.. ...... ..Ar 8.30p .....................
PROFITLESS. T .... 9.10al........l...L........ Lakeland. ... . .Ar 6.20p ....................
Miss Choney talks, you ... 7.0a........... Lv...... St. Petersburg..... ..Ar 9.p ....................
Miss Chicago--Money talks, you ....... al............ .. ........ Belle aire.. ......Ar 8.6p .......... ......
know. .....11.47a .......... ... ..LL .... .. Leesb burg.. ........ Ar 3.43p ...... .. .....
Miss Boston-A vulgar apothegm. .0ai 1.25p ....... i....... L........ cala.. .... ......Ar 2.0p ............. 9.25
9.O0ai Gaines vile...........LvIR .1 _p ............. .U8p
Culture makes no concession to the lo- .a 0a3 2.l5pi ...... a....... Gainesvill......... r .. ............
quality of lucre.-Boston Courier. 10.00a 4.40 5.55p 2.46aLv ... ....... Palatka...... .... ..Ar..30 .. ll.... a 6.3
l 4.4Oai a jai L .. ...... Pal tka.............Arill.30al 2.06pl 1.06a 6.30p
12 L.10p 6.30p| 7.30p 4.30plAr.. .... .. Jacksonville.... .. .. Lvl 9.40a |12.3p1 .20p 4.O0p
HOW SHE WAS LANDED. ..... o.00al........ Lv.. .. ..t. Petersburg .. Ar..... .............
.......HOW SH WA LA ............. Lv.. ...... .. Belleair........ ..Ar 9p... .............
Bess-So Jeannette married a farmer. ........0.37al........... Lv .. ......Leeeburg.. ...... Ar 4. ....... ..........
I thought she said she would marry 7.Oa412.40p ..........Lv...... .. .... Ocaa . Ar 2.p..p........ .... 6.26
only a man of culture? .Ual 3.W ....... ....... Ar........Gainesville ....... v.vl2.1pI ... 7. 0p
Nell-And so she did-a man of agri- i.30al 4.4opl.............. .... .... L .. alatvilr. .....Art. ...... ....... 6.1p
IU.1a4 -.3,::p..j.... : I Lv.........P.lat0p.
culture.-Chicago News. Don't take a cathartic 12.10pu 6.,opi............ .... ....Jacksonville .... .. Lvi S.4 ............. ."1k
T dose and then stop. Bet- FROM JACKSONVILLE TO JESSUP, SAVANNAH AND CHARLESTON
IT STILL WORKED. ter take a laxative dose i i 2 a 34 32 I 382 | M 1 14 ; 7s
"No," she answered coldly, "I can- Lv Jacksonville ........ ...... .. i .W0ual 7.(o0a 8.00a 8.00oa1.10p| l.36p -.4pi 7.4Sp 7.4
not marry a man who carries a rab- each night, just enough to Ar Waycross........ ... .... i 6..ioa .ual 9.aa\ 9.oaa 1.0 pI 3.30p 9.a3p .4oyilu.l.4,
bit's foot for luck." cause one good free move- Ar Jessup.......... I 8.10a. .......l 0.151aO106I .a4bpi 4.2pl H.spil.4uPl.|rp
;r Savannah .................. |0. al ....... L i.lopi2.lapJ 4.BDpl 5.4zp d..Wpt| ....... I l.la
For a moment he contemplated her ment the day following. Ar Charleston................... I .................. 4.3p ...... 10.00p ....... I....... b.1,i
in. intense silence, but only for a mo- You feel better the FtOM CHARLESTON, SAVANNAH AND JESSUP TO JACKSONVILLE.
ment. very next day. Your i a
"Who," he exclaimed, "now can very next day. Your I I 35 7 3 33 5 i
doubt the efficacy of the rabbit's foot appetite returns, your Lv Charleston...............11.15pl.......I ........ 5.14al 6.0aI...... .......
after this?" dyspepsia is cured, your Lv Savannah .. ......... ..... ..ai ;.40a .0a .i.4 2l i1ala .p .
Lv Jessup ........ .... ...... I 5.10a| 6.40al 7.3alo10.OaUll.24ale.57pl 4.54p 6.4fip.......
Then he left her forever, pausing only headaches pass away, Lv Waycross.... .. ........ I .4-ai o.al 6.39al .Sa1l0.2ta L.06pl a.a6pl 8.05p 8.40p
to laugh the wild, mirthless laugh which your tongue clears up, Ar Jacksonville.... .... ...... 7.30al 8.O3al 9.25a11l.0ai 1.B0pI 2.35pi T.40pllO.00pllo.4up
was suitable to the occasion.-Detroit your liver acts well, and Jacksonville, Thomasville and Most- Waycross and 4runewick.
Journal. gomery. Eastbound. Westbound
your bowels no longer Northbound Southbound 68 I 90 I | 87 a
MAKING THE BEST OF IT. give you trouble. I 7 32 I 1 27 9.50p 7.1 5.1Lv. Waycros ArI 9.30a1 800p
"Will you have this here woman to 74p 8.00a LvJacksonvllle Ar! 7.30a 10.40p ll.30pl10.l1alAr Brunswick Lvi 7.30. 5.00p
"Will you have this he wo t cent. An ldrunst 10.1l5p 9.55aAr .Waccross ..Lv 5.10a 8 40p Waycroes and Albany.
be your lawful wedded wife? -12.15ai2.1pAr Valdosta 3.14a 6.6p Westbound Eastbound.
"That's what I 'lowed I would!" I have taken Aver's Pills for 35 1.11a 1.l40p|Ar Thomasville Lv 2.00I 5.30p to d tbo d.
Will you love, honor and obey her?" years, and I consider them the best 9. 9.20pAr. Montg'ery .LvI 7.1 .45p. WA 64
"Ain't you got that switched roun', made. One pil does memory v Waycross Arl 7.
than half a box of any other kind I 3.41a 2.10p Ar Albany Lv12.0Ua 3.416p
parson?" said the groom. have ever tried."
"John," said the bride-elect, "don't rs. N. TALOT, Connections made at Charleston with A tlantic Coast Line. At Savannah with
ohreckon the parson knows his busi- March30,19. Arrington,Kans. Southern Railway, Central of Georgia Railway, Ocean Steamship Company and
you reon the parson knows his busi Merchants and Miners Transportation Company. At Jesup with Southern Rail
ness? Answer the questions" way. At Montgomery with Louisville and Naahijile Railroad and Mobile & Ohio
"Yes," said the groom, "I reckon I'll Railroad. At AAbany with Central of Georgia Railway.
have to!"-Atlanta Constitution. PLANT STEAMSHIP LINE- Steamships Mascotte and Olivette.
SMon., Thurs. and Sat..10.30p....Lv.. Port TampaAr..l..00a Tues., Thurs. and Sun
ANOTHER CHANGE LIKELY. hotel in a New England town found Tues., Fri. and Sun.... 3.00p ....Ar..Key West.... Lv.. 7.00p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
Miss Breezy-I see she's married that the dinner was not to his liking, Tues., ri. and Sun..... .00 ....Lv..Key West.... Ar.. 6.00p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
again. and he had no hesitancy in telling the Wed., Sat. and Mon.... 6.00a... Ar..Havan...... Lv..12.3 Mon., Wed and Sat.
Miss Lakeside-Yes; this is her sev- waiter so. Finally he threw down his Information regarding schedules, through car arrangements, reservations, etc.,
enth, and I don't think she cares very knife and fork. may be secured upon application to
Well," he "there's no use GEORGE H. PARKHILL. City Ticket Agent. 138 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville.
much for him. "Well," he exclaimed, "there's no use B. W. VRENN, Passenger Traffic Manager, H. C. McFADDEN, Div. Pass Agt.
Miss Breezy-No? in talking. I can't eat this stuff." Savannah. Ga. Jacksonville, Fla.
Miss Lakeside-No. I was at the en- "I'm sorry, sir," responded the wait-
graver's today when she left her order er, "but you might as well, for you'll
for her new visiting cards. She only have to pay for it anyhow."--Detroit Young Bridegroom--Yes. I should can't--"
ordered 5o.-Philadelphia Press. Free Press. like to push him over them.-Chicago "Is it gallant to doubt a lady's
Tribune wordhaps not, but it's more gallant to?"
THE RULING PASSION. NOT A HARDSHIP. "Perhaps not, butlady age.it's more g--Philadelphiant to
Wife (who has been out shopping all "Do Mr. and Mrs. Wickelson, the 'TWOULD SUIT HIM. doubt
day)-Oh, dear, how tired and hungry people who live across the hall from "I'm thinking," said Mr. Staylate, Press.
I am! you, ever disturb you at night by their "of getting one of those fashionable
Husband-Didn't you have any lunch- quarreling? I am told that they fight new hats. Do you think it would be A TRIFLE SHORT.
eon in town? like cats and dogs." the thing for me? It's all the go, you "Here's $4," said the candidate to the
Wife-A plate of soup only. I didn't "They do fight, but we are not dis- know." "Here's said the candidate to t
feel that I could afford to have more. turned in the least. My husband al- "All the go, eh?" she said, stifling a colored political worker; "now go to
Husband-Did you find the hat you ways permits me to let the transom yawn. "Get one by all means. It's work for me."
wanted? down and listen without a protest."-- ust what you need."-Philadelphia The old man took the money, looked
Wife-Oh, yes. It is a perfect dream, Chicago Times-Herald. Press. at it dubiously and then said:
John, and it only cost $8.-Collier's "Marse William, hit's my hones'
John, and it only cost a.--Collier's opinion dat hit'll tek fo' dollars en a
Weekly. HER SARCASM. BEFORE HIM. quarter ter 'lect a man lak' you!"-At-
"What branch of art does your friend "Prisoner, have you ever been in artery te electt a man lak' you t-
THE PRICE OF ADMISSION. prefer?" asked the young woman, court before?"'
Mrs. Smyth (looking up rom her pa- "I don't know," answered Miss Cay- "Before what, your honor?"
per)-What does it mean in the Wash- to%, "but I should say he is an im- "Before me." WHEN SPRING BLOWS IN.
ington news when it speaks of "the pressionist." "Oh, yes, your honor. Waited here a WHEN SPRING BLOWS IN.
lower House?" "Has he produced anything remark- half hour for you once,,sir."--Cleve- "Pa, why is spring called spring "
Mr. Smyth-That means the House able in that line?" land Plain Dealer. "I know, pa."
of Representatives. -The Senate is "Yes: the impression that he is an "wll h i it?"
higher artist."-Washington Star. VERY ANCIENT. "S Well, s don't go round thinking'
Mrs. Smyth-How is it higher? Do CHANCE TO GET EVEN. "Why, Mr. Smart," indignantly ex- it's winter.'"-Indianapolis Journal.
you mean that it costs more to get Young Bridegroom-Darling. I think claimed Miss Anne Teek, "I have as-
there?-Philadelphia Record. I should like to take your little brother sured you the funny stories I tell are The "ewey" Fence Machine
with us to Niagara falls. original with me. Do you not believe Price $1.0 cheapest and best
YANKEE THRIFT. Bride-How kind that would be of me?" made, Mppd to a point for
A guest with an irascible temper at a you, Harry? "Well, really," he stammered, "I I.o. Bld. an Dayton.O.







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST, 207


FyrITrnT A A

The opening of so many turpentine
camps, while it brings much business,
is also bringing a very undesirable
class of citizens in the many desperate
characters among the negro operatives.
As the southbound passenger train
halted at Rosewood, a few miles
north of Cedar Keys, last Saturday ev-
ening the conductor, Capt. Joe Beck-
ham, discovered two negroes who had
beaten their way from the station be-
yond. On his rordmding them to at-
tempt the game again, he was answer-
ed by an insulting epithet, and one of
them pulled a revolver and fired point
blank at Bwil am, wno was srtig iU
his baggage car door. As soon as the
conductor could secure his pistol from
his grip he stepped to the door and
was met by a second shot, one of the
balls passing through his 'coat. The
conductor sprang to the ground, and
ordered the man to stop, as he would
put him under arrest. The negro fired
a third time, when Capt. Beckham
fired three times in rapid succession.
The negro ran about one hundred
yards and fell dead, his pistol still
grasped in his hand.
One of the biggest land deals ever
made in Inverness was closed last
wase. Tnie l eans o0ass canal g


-a a a a a m n n A&


Transit Co., sold to W. N. CamD a
land grant from the State of eleven Fl rida East
thousand acres of State land. The deal
was made through C. C. Todd, of Oca- TIME TABlE NO. 9. IN EF
la, who held an option on the grant. SOUTH BOUND (ead Down.)
The Florida Orange, Canal & Transit Na S Nlo.-a o. ~.No.No.a No.P
Co., was granted the land by the State D i. Daiy Daily Datly Dll Daily STATIONS
Ox Mon, eaMo
several years ago for cutting a canal p 1-~ 8- --p p i T-i TI~ Lv.J'kvlie..
from Lake Tsala Apopka to the With- 8 45 p ~ Op 980p 1040p1 8 tlAr6.A'g'tine
.-. 15P 10 tUe 8 5j9. LvS.A'g'tine
lachoochee River, but had never locat- .................. ..... 1. i. sHastine.
1) 1lp 143p 1140s 916SArE.Palatks
ed the land or asked for a deed. An op- ............... __ rPalstk.
......... .1......2103 Ia 10 IL% Lv..Palatka..
tion was sold to C. C. Todd a short ....... ......i. 11 la O1Lv..Palatka..
time since, and he sold the grant to .. .........- -.... ..... 7. lop 1p ArSan Mateo
i anlas Lnva Mat mes
X. X. Cam4i who will secure deeds to lp IiSp 11 4i 9lSi LvE.Paiatka
State lands in Lee and DeSoto counties. i ... z op 1 0 10Pl ..Ormond.
11.. ) al Ip 1 A10 10 ...Dayton&.
We failed to learn the consideration. 25p la...... .P.Or
;,4 ...... 12&a 841p 162p 18/1 U N.in
-Citrus County Chronicle. | g la t 1::1 "i yPint
The g6ad people of Waukulla county p ity "in
are determined if possible, to bring to 3 a .5ocoa...
....... ..... ........ 88P 10 p hackled e
justice the black ruffians who a few p 5 lp 1iS Eu=e
weeks ago waylaid and robbed Colonel .. . 6asp 4 141p Melbourne
S 08 ...... sel and.
R. W. Ashmore, and they deserve a full ...... ... Sebastian.
measure of credit for that determina- a ;i lo op 6 8oIp l "V .p e.
tion. It will be remembered that Col- TV s .-*** .. .... ....
onel Ashmore was on his way to Cra-."- ..... ............ .. ..Jensen ..
............I..... 648p ...Stuart..
fordville, some twelve miles or more 7 1H ''..'............ ... ... .ound
.................. $~ 8 ..... W.Jupiter
distant from his home, to attend to $;..s .:::::: .... ..... W. P. p 'c
......... ..... a . WP.B'chInn
some business. He carried a consider- 64a 9op 82-p 5 U1ArP.B' hina
abe sum of money, which fact most g ....... 5a 9o 8 I pW.P. .B nton
2S.". 61s......o 90 sop. Boy w.P.nB'chl
have been known to the two negr.es .... 1 ...... 914p .. n
who lay in wait for him, knocked him i.. 6 a ...... 10p ...... L" .f. L da
from his horse, dobbed him, and left i .. 5 7 isalI lOtW 10it 71pAr Miami..
him unconscious in the road. It is sup- T. ams no not stop at stations where
imuod finc cuiurfts tnougiit no wags bestea ae = a=2W z -2*"A V
dead. He revived, however, and has City Junotioln.
about fully recovered. His neighbors .3 o 8 STATIONs. INo.a2.No.4 No.11
have subscribed up to date nearly $250 4i p LU4p Lake elen v 82p 600p 71a1
5o7p' 1*25 Orange City.. 28 t 8%a
wt ich they have offered as a reward 12pl 15 -Ar.OrangeC'yJt. 221 50p s
for the capture of the desperadoes,- All trains between New Smyrna and Orange 9A
Tallahassean. City Junction daily. All t
Six hundred acres of saw grass land Between Jaok'villeandPablo each.
near Sarasota, Manatee county, were o.15 STATIONS. No16 train
noid fr-rdaa.i thraouh Bral Etat "ntE -IJ5 It an jlEransumlm ..- qi
Agent Thomas M. Weir, to Camp Bros., tAr ....... o Beac........ l 5 JF stated
SAll trains between -o. Jacksonville and Pablo pany h
well known fruit and vegetable men Beach daily except Sunday. lany o
of this State. The property sold was
owned by C. L. Reaves and J. Hamil- Florida East Coast
ton Gillespie, of Sarasota, and Phillips PROPOSED tAIr
& Fuller of this city. The price was
$10 per acre. The new owners propose IAMI-HAVANA
to plant the whole tract in cane, and ave aManmi S ndays and TWdsdays. ..............
will conduct an extensive sugar plan- Leave Havana Tuesdays and Fridays...............
ftlolf ticilnoii. The industry promises .......
to be a most important one. The new MIAIII-KEY WES1
owners will take possession at once. Leave Miami Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays......
Strive Key West Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
Tampa Tribune. Leave Key West Tuesdays, Thrsdays and Saturdays..
John C. Collins, ex-editor of the Tal- Arrive Miami Wednesdays, Fridays and Sundays.......
lahasseean, has purchased'a fine plan- /IAMI-NASSAU
station of 700 acres. He will make a Leave Miami uesdays, Wednesdays andfridays (Stan
A.-ive Waau Tuesye. Thursday and Saturdays .
anecialty of fine atock. aEcuring tho en Tu o TNhotc ai d seal T & 8M n u tMa
best to be had. He is buying the lat- arrivee Miami Wednesdays. Friday and unday........
The above are proposed saindg during PLebruary an
est improved farm implements, and Aftr April 1st there will be two sllngs per week
will shortly begin operations for the or copy of local time card all at ~e West Bay ntr
season, two and a half miles from J P B0Kwr Traffetiiaer.
town.-Tallahasseean.
The Gulf Lumber Co., recently in- SENDUS ONEDOLLAR
corporate in Florida, ft is understood muho- e, r ,a, o,- .,yel .nWsassW
UPOPVD ACRE QgUEE PARIAR ORGAN, by ftvitC O. 0-iL, to
will, n addition to its timber opera- ou ea i a your newest freight
will, in addition to Its timber uperal- andif you lndit exactly as eBleseate4 0quAitSO Organs
tions, construct a railway line to Ie re taeta olat. 1otatsloeer
far better than organs adv; y othe at more Goney,
operated in connection with I steam- th freight agent er special I0 days? ac r i% 37
less the s100, or S i.s, and freight charges.
boat service on the navigable rivers $31.75 IS OUR SPECIAL 90 AYS' PRICE m"--
of western Florida. R. G. Knight Is b e ser Sueh wsas a erW" er Ne m ea .
president ofthe company and Walter THE ACME UEEN M oneofthem"adSSi Sn
PiO N s r eesemr--. From the mlluationshown, which
Ray, vice-president.-Tampa Tribunc. sengved direct from sho togjoucaform om o
beautiful appearance = 1- Irte"we&
It is stated that quite a number, if a k atiue finish, andsome bdeeoratedandornaented,
latest l8 styl e. THl ACREQUEElNIslfeet6nlcheeshigh;
not all, the parties who lost so heav- i inches 1on S inches wide and wh i50 pounds on-
tainsS octaves, 11 stopS, as followso : uP inp ,
ily in the conflagration at High Springs P_. VA TUssWes an, o istsf
recently, will begin at an early I Tw swel l, erus P 5, 4 4 s One4sl
date to rebuild. It is hoped that with- Is Iof CsL. blydS's..t SSSd l.e -t
24 W& ew 0sell Nap s.. e 1 Seta" atPleasing
ilf 1hnleloBtM~spa Jlees. TB IACE WEO EN c-
in a few weeks all signs of the fire ion consisrof th celxebrtedw ell T icheI onlyI-
will have been obliterated. Most of ed in thehigheS adeinstrumen t th
tile new buildings will be of brick. it .etc., bellows of the rube
f brick bellowsstockand finest leather in ealve.
ACME QUEEN is fur-shed withaM4 Al
plate French mirror, nickel plated pedal weioe.f a.
HAPE AND SPEITZ AND BROMIt'. A.L mea *.1 -n "
Greatest, cheapest, richest food on GUARANTEED 25 YEARS. ,1t A
earth these three make. Wonderful issue written ebindi y tB
terseOnditions owichAX.anypar
testimonials on same. See Salzer' n e nrdit -feo'L5e. Try ito mi MOthad
a wi refu d you r money if you amsott
Big Catalogue, sent you for 5 cents ASed. 00ofthese orI tanL i]e
OBlWER AT ON N'T DELY.
postage and this notice. John A. Sul- OdRJELIABILITYIS ESTABLIUSED Heo
zer Seed Co., La Crosse, Wis. aot dea. with us ask your nihbor atis te
the piblcrer of this paper leteopotati Nloud -
n, or n Ex Na Bank, Chia; or German xachang
Printing of every description at this .ola0,. ,10 peo.ei or di. WE
office. p a e. in muslal someat a lowes wholes
ml musle /mstiruma$ea~a t Jto. Adidnms Llm


Do you take cold with
every change In the
wft9? DP O ytur throat
feel raw? And do sharp
pMins dart through your
chest?
Don't you know these are
danger ignals which point
to pneusmona, bronchitis, or
cosumaptiom Itsetf
d you are muing am nave
lost fleh lately, they are
certaily dager si1. The
question for you to decide s,
"Have I the vitality to throw
off these disees"
Don't wait to try SCOTT'-
EMULSION "as a last re-
Sort." There Is o remedy
equal to it for fortifying the
ystem. Prevention is easy.


Scott's

Emulsion
prevents coismoption and
hots 0o other dlueam which
attack tk a the wek and those
with poor Boodi
SCOTrS EMULSION Is
the o standard remedy for
innlaned threats and luns,
tor eold, breechitis and o-
qumptio. It ta food siedi-
dce of renmarkale power. A
Hod, hecae itl nourhes the
bodyI and usdklle, be-
mus It cr ts diseased

foe. and *a. a drnggtas.
COr &4 VW3B, Cheiat., New York
-33 up -p -p a.---


Coast Ry.
FECT FEB. 11900.
(Read Up) NOBTH BTOUMD.
No. 8 No. i 1N4o.i No.2 No.JH C n
. Daily Daily Daly Daily Da D=i
e=u aan I
Ar 7 ap1o00p TWAi 5 VW
Lv 6l0p 0&p BOp 68il0104T I
Ar e6 p 6 2 p ..............
S581p .............. ....
bli 6sp 5 8p 610i ea...... 1......
Lv p 4 p ..... ..............
Ar lIOp 6_up ............ ..... **
Lv ........... .. f -- ....-.. ...........
Ar 512p 544pi 8 W
Lv 846p 4 Op 7 01p 4 4 P m
885p 4 ip 6613) 4A8 Of t IU
825p 418p .... .
8 03p 402 sp 6 0



l24p cp 4. p.......
I 2iiip lp 41 .....s I i UI4
11 6a ........ ..... ...... I
1121 Ea
...... ...... ........
11526 .................. Itr a
10S61215p 80BpLfic '0 .
10 22, ........ .........
102l .......... .... ....
1152 ..... ......

10 11 ...... ..... .....
9241& ..................



l .4 .... .. .... 0p





STATIONS. Io 1
aT...........Tiiusvilte..........Ar p
.... ...... ................LT ifs
............ Osteen............ 1i1 S
..........Enterprise.......... Il l88
r ............ a ord.... 0.....
ainsm between Tituasville ad hamd
daily except Sunday.
e Time Tables show the times at i
am boats may be expected to arrive
e 4 arril r uU as 10
is not guaranteed, nor doe the Oom-
old itself responsible for any delay or
naequences arising therefrom.

Steamship Co.
INGS:
LINE, .
::::::::: :::: ::,::, :::: iWS"
...... .......... ...............


r LINE, .
................ ......... .....
w................................ 8 0lp.m.
. .... .......... ....... ... 0o a m .
.........-.................. 6i


LINE, .
dar- e).........
m... i...... .


............ 800p.
............ i*a .


id March.


est. .l-aCsovsiie, or address
.1. D. RAHN A. P. A.


*Bank, ew Yomk; oaayrallroad or
= gtar g 09 IM890 bqug'"" bI ig
~ orsr ~ ~ a n asa, Iaas
Isprlices. write for feecialerganiae
31-b.ft A &Z t a~ ze.


=-R.,. ROEPU$k a Ooahi), h (h.. Dussiai


__1 ___~_





208 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


A High-Grade Fertilizer
MUST HAVE

QUALITY! REPUTATION!


"'I'TH IDE AT BRANDS-
GM HAVE THESE. "E'W
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following p ices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE...............$30.0 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops).......... $27.o per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH ..... S&8.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE ................ .$3.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $30.oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER.....................$2o.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTTT .TJR COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Plg's Foot. Brand Blood and Bone, $17.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, $44.00 per ton.