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The Florida agriculturist
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 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: March 21, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00012
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text





























Vol. XXVII, No. 12. Whole No. 1362. DeLand, Fl., Wednesday, March 21, 1900


$2 per Annum, in Advance-


Land of Great Fertility.
In the March Issue of the Co.lropoll-
tan appears a handsomely illuntraite,'
article showing the truck farms on the
reclaimed lands of Sacramento valley
-thousands of acres of vegetables, on-
ions, beans, peas, cabbage, calla lies,
etc., all in the highest state of culture,
.and phenomenally vigorous, cultivated
with improved moredn apparatus at
the least possible expense. These lands
are below the level of the river, and to
reclaim them expensive dikes are con-
structed and enormous pumps are us-
ed remove the water.
We have in Florida a much greater
area of similar lands, an area extend-
ing from Lake Jessup to Cape Sable,
from three to twelve miles west of the
Atlantic ocean, with but a narrow reef
or sand dune between it and the ocean;
a ridge pierced by numerous streams.
1L- .Atory-s- above-the tide level.
from nineteen to twenty-three feet,
readily drained by canals into the
heads of the various streams, with a
:"soll of from four to fifty feet deep,
with a climate anarIer to any 9ther in
the United State.
There are at least five millions of
acres in the territory alluded to, equal
to the banks of the Nile in fertility,
all ready drained by gravity, requiring
no pumps nor dikes, simply canals to
allow the impounded water to escape.
This whole territory is underlaid by
marl of the best quality, with fre-
quent beds of gypsum, itself a valuable
fertilizer.
It has another peculiar advantage in
the fact that at any point a flowing
artesian well can be had within from
one to ten hundred feed deep; a most
reliable and inexpensive means of irri-
gation.


F Few persons are aware of these con-
ditions; few who travel from Jackson-
ville to Miami oven an ancient sea
beach, a "sand dune," sterile and ap-
parently worthless, imagine that run-
ning parallel almost within sight, and
extending for hundreds of miles there
exists a territory as fertile as the prai-
ries of Iowa or Nebraska, a territory
that can be drained and cultivated at
far lees cost than to Cear an equal
area of forest .
These lands are the only lands of
this character in the United States,
possessing as they do a semi-tropical
climate. They are much closer to the
markets of ChIcago, Saint Louis and
Cineinnati than California, while the
Eastern cities are about forty-eight
hours removed.
It is not necessary to say that all
crops, nfrt and vegetables grow lux-
uriantly an thee lands. A visit to the
Sfeld near SUatrd, where hundreds of


acres of celery are now being fitted for
market, and the reclaimed lands of
Dade county, with their fields of truck.
will prove the contrary. These are on-
ly on the edges of this vast territory,
and simply show what a general sys-
tem would accomplish.
Florida has for years been called a
barren sand bank, supposed to be fir
only for oranges, and winter homes.
with no soil for agriculture. The facts
are that she has larger areas of fertile
lands and rich pastures than many
other States, and a climate where larg-
er returns for the same labor can be
had. These muck land, when drain-
ed, make the best of natural pastures;
the hundreds of thousands of cattle
on the vast reclaimed area of the Kis-
simmee valley are practical demonstra
tions of the fact.-B. E. Rose in Times-
Union and Citien.


A La-t Word on Cantaloup* Culture.
Secretary C. K. McQuarrle, of the
West Florida Agricultural Society,
summarizes the cultural directions as
follows:
"Thorough preparation of the soil by
proper plowing is one of the essentials.
This plowing should be done by. tlhe
middle of February. After the land I,
thoroughly plowed, apply the fertilizer
as soon as possible. Lay off the land
in furrows every six feet. In these
furrows scatter fertilizer at the rate
of about 400 pounds per acre, mixing
well in the soil A couple of weeks
later check the furrows across every
four feet. In the furrrows scatter other
400 pounds of the same fertilizer and
mix as before.
"The most suitable fertilizer for this
crop is one that is the most readily
available on application. Most farm-
ers have their own ideas and experi-
ences to go upon, but my past experi-
ence in growing cantaloupes has prov-
en that 600 poimds of muriate of pot-
ash mixed and applied as already indi-
cated to every acre always gave me
best results, and when the plants are
well above ground applying as a top
dressing about 100 pounds per acre of
nitrate of soda. Right here let me cau-
tion growers about the use of nitrate of
soda. Always apply it either before
or during a rain. Never in a dry time,
or during a drouth. If you must apply
it, then, went it and apply it in liquid
form.
"The time for planting should be the
most carefully noted of all. Plant your
seed not sooner than the 15th or later
than the 20th of March. Please note
this carefully. This will bring the crop
ready for shipping, providing no acci-
dents happen, the last week in May
or first week in June. Every indication


just now points to immunity from a ing plow and everything in the shape
late frost, such as we had to contend i of vegetation plowed under, and after
with last year. The full moon being plowing, the land should be thoroughly
so late in April that there is little prob- worked with either harrow or harrow-
ability of a late spring frost. teeth cultivator. If the previous crop
"In planting the seed make a flat has been such that it got dcean culture,
hill rather lower than the surface of the land will be in good shape, but if
the soil. Rake it smooth and drop six in stubble, considerable pains must be
or eight seeds and press the soil firm taken so as to get all clods thorough-
with the foot, for a firm soil helps ger- ly pulverized. My favorite crop to pre-
mination. After the plants come up, cede watermelons is sweet potatoes.
thin out to three of the thriftiest, and for in the digging of this crop the land
from that time on strict attention is put in almost perfect condition for a
must be paid to the crop. It must be succeeding crop of melons. After put-
kept thoroughly clear of weeds, and ting the soil in as good shape as possi-
cultivated at least once a week. The ble, lay it off in furrows eight feet each
crust on the soil must be broken after way, and where these furrows check,
every rain. When the melons begin scatter for three or four feet each way
setting, stop further cultivation. As about a pound and a half of a high
far as it is practicable, it is advisable grade fertilizer, and mix thoroughly
to keep all the melons setting on lat- with the soil. The fertilizer should an-
erals pinched off, as they make interi- alyze about seven per cent. phosphoric
or frdit.. Pinching back the acid and eight per cent. potash and
vines after blowing helps to make the two or three per cent nitrogen. all-
melons grow better. Ing to be able to get this grade of fer-
"When the time for shipping comes, tilizer, mix six hundred pounds acid
any melon that parts easily from the phosphate, two hundred and fifty
vine is too ripe fr shipping. To know pounds sulphate of potash and apply a
when they are in the proper stage re. c.Otule of weeas V o planting time,
quires experience, but by using com- and when the plants are well up, ap.
mon sense one can readily acquire this. ply about one hundred and fifty pounds
The melon that is ready for shipping nitrate of soda in the immediate vicin-
i, fll w .and the nettin onn t ity of the hills and work in. This is


stands out clear cut and distinct.
About an inch of the vine should be
left attached to the melons, same as
in shipping watermelons.
"The orthodox Rocky Ford crate must
be used. This crate is 24x12x12, and
holds about forty-five melons."

Watermelon culture.
In the multiciplicity of the Southern
farmers' crops the watermelon is very
apt to be somewhat over-looked and
not receive the attention its import-
ance calls for. Take it all in all,
there are very few crops that give a
better return than this crop. But to in-
sure the best success, a proper begin-
ning must be made. In selecting a. lo-
cation for this crop it is essential that
the field have a southern exposure and
located so that the morning sun shines
directly on the crop, for there is all the
difference imaginable between water-
melons grown where they get the full
benefit of the morning sun than those
grown where this condition does not
exist.
After selecting a location it is neces-
sary that the nature ofthe soil should
be such that it will yield the proper
quality of melon; a light, sandy loam,
and of a warm nature is the best soil
for the crop. Another prime essential
is thorough preparation previous to
planting the seed. The land should be
thoroughly plowed with a good turn-


Just as near a complete watermelon
fertilizer as one can wish.
In growing watermelons for shipping
one must try to avoid too nitrogenous
a:fertilizer; stable manure and compost
fertilizers never give the high grade
melons that'commereial fertilizes pro-
duce in fact, all this classes of fertiliz-
ers to be avoided is the solid shipper is
wanted. For home use compost is us-
ed with mineral fertilizers such as
phosphate and potash, and will give
fairly good results, but if the season is
wet, the vines are apt to scald very
badly after heavy rains.
In melon growing, as in everything
else, one has to study his market,
study the variety of melon requested
in that market and act accordingly;
and this being one of the recognized
cash crops, ripening in eighty to one
hundred days from planting the seed,
one can afford to give it a little extra
attention. At three cents each there is
more money in watermelons than in al-
most any crop the Southern farmer can
make, and, therefore, the crop should
not be neglected but given the first
place, and if this is done and the ship-
ping properly managed, the returns
will prove very satisfactory.
C. K. McQuarCe.

Grapes need a great deal of sunshine,
therefore they will not flourish grown
in the orchard amongst the tree.


j-. wrMAL'Cmwitw&&)-l









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


As the warm weather advances and U g
the early spring farming season opens The profit in growing oranges
up, the question of a quick maturing depends almost entirely upon the
forage will receive general considera- quantity and quality of the fruit.
tion. Every farmer, whether his pres- It is the smooth skinned, free
ent corn crib will be nearly empty or from rust and scale, heavy, juicy
full, will, as a matter of economy and fruit that commands the best price
in behalf of a change of food for his and produces a profit on invest-
stock, be equally interested in early ment and labor.
forage. The man without corn and The latest foreign information
who is buying feed at high prices must on this subject can be had free by
of necessity take advantage of the addressing
shortest and quickest method of cut- JOHN A. MYERSi
ting down his expensive feed bills. 1S-Y JohU St., Nw yo*p.
The man who has an abundance will,
as a matter of ,ood iudgment and


management of his affairs, grow such
crops as will give him the largest prof-
it for the smallest investment of labor
and money.
Hence the general preparation of a
small acreage,in one of the best and1
quickest maturing forage crops in the
near future becomes a matter of per-
sonal Interest to each individual far-
mer throughout the entire southern ag-
ricultural territory.-
Farmers often times differ in opin-
Ion regarding the kind of field crops to
be planted out of which they expect to
make the principal profit in their bus-
iness. But there can hardly be any
argument as regards the planting of
sorghum and placing it at the head of
all early crops for forage. There can be
no doubt in the minds of those who
have tested sorghum in the past, that,
as a nutritious and complete food ra-
tion, it can only be surpassed by corn,
and even corn is but slightly superior
in food value. Actual tests in feeding
stock of all kinds on sorghum as
against corn have resulted in placing
the value of sorghum within 90 per
cent. of corn. This gives corn but
slightly the advantage, and must put
sorghum in the lead when we consider
the difference in yield per acre between
the two crops. Sorghum will produce
a good yield on land to thin to grow a
crop of corn; its deeply penetrating
roots enable it to withstand drouth;
and when cut for hay the tonnage pew
acre is enormous. Planted early, it may
be cut two or three times during the
entire season, and yields of from four
to ten tons per acre may be harvested,
according to the character and fertili-
ty of the soil upon which the crop is
grown. As high as fifteen tons per
acre have been harvested in many in-
stances. The high feeding value of
sorghum cannot be better illustrated
than in the fact that it is so extensively
grown in the very heart of the great
corn producing region of the west.
While we grow it here in patches, the
farmers there grow it in acres. Un-
der existing conditions it would seem
that the reverse should be true.
While it is true that the introduction
and growth of sorghum has been of
quite recent date, hardly more than
twenty years, yet it has quickly sprung
into popularity on our farms, both for
forage and for use as syrup. Its an-
nual cultivation is rapidly spreading,
and a fuller appreciation of its quali-
ties for feeding stock will bring its
planting into general and extensive
growth within the near future. As a
cheap substitute for and "helper out"
with a short corn crop in the spring,
It is one of the best early forage crops.
As a safeguard against drouth and an
offset to the loss of the corn crop in the
fall by unfavorable seasons its value
can not be too highly estimated. It is
important to know the analysis or feed-
ing constituents of early amber cane,
cut while in blossom, and compare the
same with analysis of Dent corn when


kernels were glazing. Early amber
cane, crude fat, 81; crude protein, 53.
Early Dent corn, crude fat, 78; cruqel
protein, 54. We find but little differ-
once in the high feeding value of the
two. yet nearly every farmer, at first
tlhought, would regard the corn as far
more valuable.
It cannot be denied that on !a-:d r( -
quired to grow a fine crop of corn, the
same planted in sorghum would pro-
duce twice the amount of forage, and
consequently a much larger amount of
valuable feeding stuff.
I shall not consider the planting of
sorghum in tis article for syrup pro-
duction, but will only refer to those va-
rieties best suited for feeding purposes
and their method of culture. The Early
Amber Sorghum, both from its natur-
ally small cane, its extra early mitur-
ity, and its high feeding value, render-
it the best of all varieties for the pur-
pose we have in view. Next to the
Amber canes come the Orange varie-
ties. especially the Early Orange. The
Orange canes are coarser and later
than the Amber varieties, henrc, tw,
have a succession of crops !l.rougho'ut
the entire season it would be well to
plant first the Amber, and then the
Orange. Where there are two or more.
patches planted either for cuttings ano
feeding to stock or for hog pastliurae.
when oneu pa* -h Ias been -i i:.-ti l
another should He ready. TL~I rapid-
ity with which sorghum cane grov s up
again after cutting or pasturage will
make the first patch ready for feed:un
a second time after the last patch lhas
heeen exhausted. Where the opportu-
nities have been presented for making
the test, sorghum has been found to be
superior to alfalfa for feeding hogs. It
is unquestionably the cheapest hog
food, as well as stock food, which the
farmer can raise. My personal ex-
perience in growing sorghum for sev-
eral years as an early forage crop for
stock, cattle, and hogs, fully sustains
me in a high endorsement of this im-
portant food crop.
There are quite a number of ways in
which sorghum may be grown with
good results. When required for early
feeding, the quickest growth may be
obtained by drilling in rows
three to three and one-half feet
apart. If chopped out, after
a stand has been obtained from
five to six stalks should be left in a
hill and the hills not over ten to twelve
inches apart in the furrow. If chop-
ped out too thin the stalks will grow
too large and the stock will be unable
to masticate them well. For green pas-
turage, sowing broadcast would be
best. Planted in drills and cultivated
rapidly after the plants have begun to
grow, the cane will make quicker head-
way than under any other plan that
could be devised. A more valuable hay
crop could be harvested by sowing
cowpeas with the sorghum and curing
the two together. However, sorghum
alone will make a valuable hay and


will give an enormous yield, allowing In the East childlessness is considered
two or more cuttings in one season, a curse from the gods. It is a pathetic
At the last cutting of sorghum the stub- sight to see some childless Hindoo
ble should returned under at once, so .mother prostrate before an idol, implo-
as to avoid trouble usually incurred ing that the curse of childlessness may be
as to avoid trouble usually incurred taken away.
with the hard, stiff stubble joints the Arewemuch
following spring in preparing the land wiserthanthe
for other crops. hea then
Thotisanda ox
While sorghum is a deeper feeder childles
than corn. it does not seem to rob the -J women am
soil of much fertility. On the con- ,not as they
trary, land upon which this cane is s d Natun-
grown, is usually found in better con- ban, but are
edition for other crops. Certainly, sor- suneringfrom
ghuiu mixed with cowpeas and har- a diseased
condition of
vested for hay, with the stubble im- the delicate feminine organs.- It maybe
mediately plowed under, is beneficial debilitating drains or female weaknea
to the land upon which the crop so and perhaps an ulcerated and inflamed
treated Was grown. condtion of the parts. In any c the
diseased condition must be removed and
The preparation of the soil, when it a healthy condition established befxe
is intended to plant in rows, should be the maternal function can be fulfiled.
much the same as for corn. But, wheth- Many a mother acknowledges her debt
or planlted in rows or broadcast, the to Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescripion ad
jan p1 ould e rwl an ro to its inventor Dr. R.V. Pierce, ofBm o
ialn should be well and deeply broken, N. Y., who invites the sick to writeand
anl then harrowed down fine. ThA consult himwithout charge. "Favorite
seed of sorghum being small and the Prescription" pr tly allayirritation,
tirst growth of the plant deli-ate and drains, cer cs male weaknesstandtin
tender, there should be as few clo's accompanying bearing down pain. It
in the way as possible. The early gives vitality and elasticity to theorgan
growth of the plant is slow, but little peculiar feminine, and establishes the
headway being made until after the I natural conditions which make for the
easy birth of healthy children.
roots have obtained a strong firm hold There is nothing just as ood
in the soil. Early working to keep the as "Favorite Prescription." Don't be
tirst crop of grass killed down, when put off with a anbstitute.
the cane is planted in rows, is there- to'you foryurhelpInoMn urihstcIa
fore necessary. This may be done ei- oneofthesweetest dearest thirteen poudgir
that ever came into a home," writes Mr. M.
their with harrow or siding close with Vastine, of 647 South IIberty St., Gal bm, Im.
scraper"When I wrote about my ailments ar
scrape or sweep. The best period of Hliving in Richliand, Iow. I took six bottles of
the cane's growth in which to cut for r. Pierce's Favorite Prescription four othe
'Golden Medical Discovery' and for vials of
forage or hay, is when the head is in Dr.Pierce's Pleant Pellet. Before I hadtake
Four bottles of the Favorite Prescription' I Im
lossom. This is the most nutrition new woman. I cannotake pe crbe my
stage of its growth. Some care ought heartfelt gratitude."
to be exercised in feeding green sor- Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets regulate
m to stock or cattle at first. H the stomach, liver and bowels
ghum to stock or cattle at first. Hors-


0s and cows have both been killed by
turning them in on sorghum with emp-
ty stomach, or cutting and feeding it
in 'too large quantities the first few
days. The method of feeding should
be very much the same with green
wheat. Give only a moderate allow
auce for the first few days, until the
system of the animal is prepared for
heavier doses. It is never well to turn
live stock on a field of sorghum while
a heavy dew is on, and it is dangerous
to allow feeding on the cane after it
lias become frost-bitten. With a prop-
or regard for these few details in feed-
ing, I know of no other objectional
qualities in sorghum.
When cutting sorghum for hay it
should lie on the ground a day, after
passing over the field with a mower.
Then rake up the narrow wind-rows,
and let stand another day The third
lay throw up into sugar loaf
cocks and let stand until
cured. The cocks should be
packed and so rounded up as to shed
rain. If desired to house early, pull
the cocks open the fourth day, let air
and sunshine in for six or eight hours,
;an(d then haul to barn or stack around
poles same as fodder or grass or hay.
The best plan for feeding the hay is
to run through a cutting machine,
chopping finely. After having been
thoroughly dried, the hay may be baled
if preferred. Do not bale before being
well cured. as unlike pea vines, cane
hay will mould and rot it compressed
while (lamp or while much sap is in
the stalk. It might be well enough to
state here that sorghum should not he
planted until after the cold, chill,
weather has passed, or after the corn
crop. The plant will not grow off un-
til after warm weather sets in. It is
also a good plan to plant with press
drill, or drilling machines used in
planting wheat and oats.
If sown broadcast it requires about


three bushels or 90 pounds of seed. If
drilled in furrows three or four feet
apart one-half bushel or 15 pounds. If
with a drilling machine, two bushels.
This is more seed per acre than would
be necessary in planting in rows for
syrup. For forage the plants should*
be thicker in order to procure a small,
tender stalk. In sowing with cowpeaas
first broadcast the peas and then sow
the cane seed, reducing the quantity
of seed one-third. It is hard to sow
the peas and sorghum seed when mix-
ed together, there being two great a
difference in the size and weight of the
two seeds. The Importance of plart.
ing at least half an acre to the plow
in sorghum the latter part of this
month cannot be two strongly urged.
If seed were not saved from last year's
crop they can be purchased easily, and
the price of the seed is not high. With
the injury to the oat crop by the recent
cold wave and the great scarcity of
corn on the farms, it is absolutely ne-
cessary that we make every o
cut toward cutting down the prc
of food supplies. The farmer will not
see much profit in his cotton next fall,
let the price remain at present figures,
unless he exercises every possible
method of cutting down expenses and
cost of making of crop. I know of no
better or cheaper early crop for help-
ing out the spring and summer than a
plentiful supply of sorghum.-C. H.
Jordan in Atlanta Journal.


Culture of Peanuts.
One of the most useful side crops on
the farm is that of peanuts. The value
of this plant has not been so fully ap
preciated generally as it deserves.
There are certain sections of the State
in which the peanut is as common in
the fields as corn, but on the majority
of the farms in Georgia, its cultivation
is either not undertaken or restricted


12









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 163


to a small patch for family use during
the winter months. The peanut is
a native of America, and should rank
with almost equal importance with
those four other American plants
which are so conspicuous in the Agri-
cultural and commercial world, name-
ly, cotton, Indian corn, Irish potato,
and tobacco. The peanut flrist attracted
wide attention as a food in this coun-
try while the Northern and Southern
armies occupied the eastern section of
Virginia, in the sixties. Virginia, North
Carolina, Tennessee and Georgia pro-
duce the larger part of the peanut crop
of the United tSate for commercial
purposes. As to the advisability of
S growing peanuts extensively for the
market much will depend upon the
chnfltrater and fertility or thi Moil,
and a thorough knowledge of how best
to handle the crop in order to obtain
heavy yieris per acre.
Our people have so far only appre-
ciated the peanut for commercial pur-
polse, and about tlir vofourtih of tilh
crop annually grown is sold in the
open markets. Americans consume in
the shape of roasted peanuts, peanut
candy and cheaper grades of choco-
late, not less than 4,000,000 bushels of
peanuts at a cost of $10,000,000. This
is not regarded in the light of a food,
but rather as a luxury to be eaten at
odd times. The nut is also used in
many sections of the country for the
purpose of fattening hogs, and it is to
this use that the object of this article
is more particularly directed. Million
of bushels are consumed annually in
Europe in the production of oil, which
*anks in flavor equal to olive oil, and
ran be used for all the purposes to
whcih.olive oil is usually devoted. The
Next important secondary product of
peanut oil manufacture is the cake or
meal, which remains after extracting
the oil, very much the same as cotton
seed meal, This is 1 t to attle an.]
* sheep, and possesses as high or higher
feeding value than cotton seed meal.
The analysis of peanut meal or cake
shows it to contain poetin, 53 per cent.
nitrogen, free extract, 24 per cent., and
fat 53 per cent, which gives an extra
high food value for cattle. The iner
of the peanut make a splendid hay,
superior to timothy and only se,.ond
In nutriment to cowpet hay, On an
acre of fertile soil, under good cultiva-
tion, 50 bushels or peanuts and two
tons of hay, may be easily harvest .1
The present demand for peanuts .s
fairly well supplied, and the supply
could not be profitably increased very
much unless peanut oil mills are mor?
generally established, creating an addi-
tional demand for the oil and meal.
Rut a largely increased acreage on the
S farm for th pI rpose ,rf f~tteniL. nuWg
Is not only desirable but should be re-
garded in the 'ght of a necessity when
considering the highly concentratel
food value of the nut.
The growing of peanuts is one of the
most simple of any farm crop. The
land should be well broken to the depth
of four or five inches, and then har-
rowed until the soil is fine and free
from cloda. Dreah the hlad I 9'o with
ordinary turn plows as soon as the sea-
son opens or in April, and either har-
row or level the ground with ordinary
plank smoother. Lay off the rows
from three to three and one-half feet
apart, and plant the seed two in a.
place, from fourteen to sixteen inches
apart. Lime is an important element
in the successful growth of the crop.
Lime is necessary not only to devel-
op the proper fruiting of the plant, but
also for its mechanical effect on the


soil. The lime may be applied by dis-
tributing it down the furrows, using
from 20 to 30 bushels, air-slacked, per
acre.
The best lime is "quick or burt" lime,
marl or wood ashes. The more vege-
table matter or humus there is in the
soil the better the effect of the lime.
There should also be an additional ap-
plication of potash and phosphoric acid.
Peanuts. like all leguminous, plants,
draw largely upon the air for nitrogen,
amn if the crop were turned under in-
stead of being removed from the land


in the fall, it would increase the natur- ing up fat to assist in nourishing her
al fertility of the soil. A good formu- while she is hatching her brood.


la for one acre, when a large crop is
desired, would be, cotton seed meal.
300 pounds, phosphoric acid, 80 pounds.
kainit, 2-10 pounds and 9o bushels of
air-slacked lime. The fertilizer should
be drilled and mixed in the soil with
a small scooter run down the furrow
after application. In planting for field
purposes, or rather as a pasture for
hogs, so expensive a fertilizer would
not be necessary.
When an entire field or plot of ground
is devoted to the culture of peanuts
alone, a harrow should be run over the
land in about two weeks after planting
in order to knock down the ridges and
kill out the first coat of grass. The
first and second plowing should be
deeper, and the future plowing light-
er. gradually plowing away from the
plants as they begin to develop, bloom
and the spikes grow downward to
form the nuts in the soiL If, for any
IrtiiLn. thi "xipike" is unable to pene-
trate the soil within a few housr after
the flower falls, it withers and dies.
It is, tlioierolo, Important that the
plant be not disturbed by close plow-
ing after it begins to bloom, for fear
of cutting or injuring the splkelets.
The hoe is also necessary in the early
cultivation of the plant if weeds and
wras Psrm9ng troublesome. Strictly
level culture is the best plan to pursue,
and it is unnecessary to cover the
bloom of the plant with dirt, as has
been adopted by some planters.
the nuts are to le gathered they should
be out of the ground before frost. The
vines, if cut to be cured for hay, should
be spved before frost injures them al-
so. After running a deep furrow on
each side of the row, the vines and
pods can be easily pulled up, and by
means of pitchforks, stacked in sugar
cane piles, which, after curing fifteen
days, are ready to be picked, and the
hay can be hauled to the barn. If
frosted hay from peanut vines is fed
to stock it may cause colic. When pea-
nuts are planted principally for hogs.
the vines may be harvested and the
hogs turned into the field to gather
tll crop. Iuouud for pioimul. iennatn
have a higher feeding value than corn,
and pork pastured on them rapidly
take on flesh and fat. It is, perhaps,
the cheapest of food crops growN for
hogs. A common practice is to plant
the small, Spanish peanut in the corn
middles, and, after harvesting the corn
turn in the hogs. A bette- plan would
be to plant peanuts in the corn mid-
(lies at first plowing in April and at
tlie last plowing of the 6cot Ita'ti-!LiMt
the field in cowpeas. This would give
a larger and more abundant pasturage,
combining the cowpeas w'.ib the pea-
nuts, and such waste corn as might be
left in the field.-C. H. Jor0an in At-
lanta Journal.

Boots for Hens.


To imitate these conditions during
the cold, dreary winter months, and
induce biddy to lay the daily egg, keeps
the poultryman busy from November
to March preparing roots and mashes.
The scientist has shown the farmer
how to make June butter in Deciemb. r.
He has told hi'r. insi how r.:rca in.is-
cle and fat fo,'-ing food the cow
wants every day. The pigs, the sheep
and the big steer have each had their
needs studied, but up to this time very
little scientific work has been done on
the hen. Our hen is not so easily stud-
ied as the large animals. In the feeding
experiments which have been made it
has been assumed that fowls use food
the same as higher animals, but some
think that fowls use it more economi-
cally.
However, poultrymen have found by
many different trials rations that pro-
duce good results, and these are being
fe i1 ignorance of why. The hen at
liberty eats a great deal of fresh grass
in its season. This serves a twofold
Drnimic, It net only furnishe food, for
tender growing grass is very nutri-
tious, but it also dilutes their foods,
furnishing necessary bulk. For when
biddy is confined and fed wholly on
grains, which are concentrated foods
in order to extend the crop sufficiently
to overcome the hungry feeling, she
eats more than she requires. This
forms fat and the active fowl is
changed to a sluggish hen. When fresh
grass and vegetables can not be had.
roots furnish a very acceptable succu-
lent food. I consider that the chief val-
ue of roots for hens lies in their suc-
culence, palatably and addition of
bulk rather in than their nutriment.
A fresh beet or turnip hung in the sun-
shine is much relished by fowls. By
boiling them to a soft consistency and
thickeniing them with ground grains
anl adding a little salt, a very accept-
able mash is made. The cooked veget-
ables give bulk and add to the flavor
and variety of the mash. For this us"
I think no root superior to the small
potato.
TI'hti'E no vUogtaibl that will Oom.
pletely fill the place of cabbage, as a
winter food for hens. The crisp, tender
leaves more closely resemble fresh
grass, both in composition and me-
chanical condition. Fowls seem to rel
ish it and wil eat a surprising amount
if it is kept before them. Just now clo-
ver rowen cut into short lengths .s
largely used by poultrymen. This is' an
excellent food, very nutritious, cheap,
aud easily preserved and prepared. Un-
like roots, clover is rich in muscle
forming materials. If steamed soft and
mixed in the mash in the proportion of
one part to five or six of ground grains
a very gratifying mash is produced.-
H. M. Thomas in Reliable Poultry
Journal.


Some June day watch a hen In a
small flock left to roam and pick at Extermination of the White Fly.
liberty and see what she eats. Just as Mr. H. A. Gossard, of the State Ex-


TRUSSES, n St.25 AND UP





yoTE T F N -
Tork -4os uies> nlustBted e&boy, u"thia
ats yaur 1'En W nia4Ad, nowlow TyuuL it
ruptured whether r i large or mll alo te
number lnceh arou the boy on a line with th
rupture sy whether ure Is on right or keft sidae,
and wewi nd either uto you with the under-
n taao urt-ne pleeyouesarM I Ad WO
will return your money.
WRITE FOR FREE TRUSS CATALOGUI ..sahs
.t.Am.i isnt esay ames me w "=ou 2r U5
SUlARES, ROEBUCK &Co. wCA01n


periment Station, writes as follows to
Mr. C. P. Fuller, of Manatee county:
I have delayed writing to you some
days, in order that I might be able to
sl ak the more positively when I wrote
you. I brought home with me sam-
ples of leaves from the tree that we
fumigated Raturday alght, F91rlary
10, from the one fumigated while the
leaves were almost dripping wet Fri-
day evening, February 9th, and some
leaves infested with spiders, which
were brought in by Mr. Liles to test.
I made a careful and extended exami-
nation of a dozen or more well infested
leaves from each of the two trees nam-
ed yesterday afternoon, and am unable
to find the least indication of insect
life upon them. The envelopes in
which the leaves were enclosed, were
carefully searched to ascertain wheth-
er any adult specimens of the white
fly had issued, but nothing could be
found. Neither could any spiders or
mites be found In the envelopes.
Many of the pupae of the white fly had
commenced to decompose, having been
evidently killed by the hydrocyanic acid
gas. While I am not yet able to say
positively that all of the pupae are
dead, I believe them to be, and do not
expect that any Insects will later issue
from them, though I have put them
away in glass jars to examine at a
intOr timn The spirlda and some runt
mites are also dead, and I believe that
everything in the shape of insect life
whether in the egg, larva, pupa, or
adult stage, was killed.
This result was better than I hoped
for, since I thought it very unlikely
that the insects had been killed upon
the damp tree, and I still suspect that
a few of them escaped, though all the
evidence in my possession would indi-
cate the contrary. If, thl6roore, ua it
appears, we may reasonably hope that
the fumigating process will destroy
the white fly, the rust mite, and the
various scales that infest orange trees.
The cost of treatment will be much
more than paid for in increased crops,
and improved quality of fruit. I very
much hope that the treatment will be-
come general, and am satisfied that if
it is once introduced, It will not be
abandoned for a long time to come.


FARMERS
. OF FLORIDA


soon as it is light she is up and hus-
tling around to catch the earth worm.
You will find her always busy search-
ing for food a tip of grass here, then
a clover leaf, next a grass-hopper, a
strawberry, another grass leaf, or a
sharp pebble attracts her attention. A
little rest in the shade, with perhaps
a dust bath, is her only recreation. She
is active all day long, trying to satisfy
her appetite, and at night she comes
back to roost with a full crop. These
are happy days for biddy and she lays
an egg nearly every day, besides stor-


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 163


Our Cultivator is the best
on the market and saves
more than % the time, and
nearly all hand work.
Crops stand dry weather
roo per cent. better. Let
us tell you all about it. Spe-
cial price to first customer.
D. Y. HALLOCK & SONS,
Box 830. York, Pa.


. a









15 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Plant Food. Where Does it Come one of them will cause the crop to suf-
fromP fer.
A proper understanding of this ques- Can We Prevent This?-We cau in
tion lies at the foundation of intelll- several ways. One way is to buy some-
gent farming. Indeed without this, body else"s soluble potash or .l*;.* or
our farming is simply a continued se- phosphoric acid This we often do.
ries of experiments, our results are We ship potash from Germany, phos-
never sure. phoric acid and lime from Charleston.
A thorough discussion of all the sour- Florida or Tennessee, and pay freight
ces of plan food, and how get and use over long distances, commissions and
all the various elements in the best profits to numerous handlers.
manner would fill a large volume. Then we distribute these in very
Hence we shall only point out a few of small quantities on our farms to feed
the most important in this article. In the hungry crops. The average quan-
doing this, we shall, of course, go over tity distributed per acre is from two
beaten ground, but only one who reads to three pounds of potash and eight to
a tithe of the floods of advice, which twelve pounds of phosphoric acid, and
are constantly poured upon the devot- these very small quantities are expect-
ed heads of the farmers will feel the ed to keep the fertility of the soi".
necessity for "line upon line" to cor- The average guanos contain about
rect the many errors being taught, forty pounds of potash per ton and
Most of these ready writers assume about four times as much or one hun-
that the soil is the chief source of sup- dried and sixty pounds of phosphoric
ply from which all the plants draw acid. About one ton to fifteen acres is
their food. This is a great mistake, the average.
This is the fruitful source of ten thous- Now there are in the first twelve
and errors in farm papers and news- inches of soil about sixty thousand
papers pounds of phosphoric acid and about
The Earth Supplies Only About twenty-five thousand pounds of pot-
Three Per Cent.-Nearly 75 per cen ash and about forty-five hundred
of all vegetation is water, pure and pounds of nitrogen.
simple water. About 22 per cent is air, This would last from five hundred
made from the gases in our atmos- to four thousand years under ordinary
phere. culture and with usual crops. Hence
We mean to say that if you take one there seems to be no immediate dan-
hundred pounds of average vegetation, ger of exhaustion.
seventy-five pounds is water and twen- This brings us to consider a second
ty-two pounds of air, and only three method of preventing this.
pound earthy matter. These vast store houses of mineral
The soil supplies only the mineral plant food can be made soluble and
matter. When you burn up vegetable available by good farming. The found.
matter, corn, cotton, hay, fruit and all nation of good farming is in breaking
crops, you first evaporate about three- and pulverizing the soft.
fourths of it into atmospheric gases, Experimental Proof.-Very many
carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, and such. have tried this and always with sue-
Only the ashes show what the earth s.
supplied. The small part is needed to Mr. Tull of England sowed wheat
give heath and organizing power to continuously for thirty years on the
the other, and larger portions of the same fields. He used no manure or
plant, fertilizers of any kind. Hle plowed the
These Minerals are Not Scarce in fields thoroughly after cutting the
Soil.-The ash element is made up of wheat and repeated the plowing at in-
fourteen chemical elements, eleven of tervals until time to sow again. The
them are universally present and result was a continuous increase in the
aundant for the small demands made yield of wheat from year to year,
upon them. Only three, potash, lime, from fifteen bushels at the beginning
and phosphoric acid demand our atten- to over thirty the last year.
tion, and even these are abundant in Messrs. Law and Gilert at Roth-
the soil and subsoil. They are practi- amstead made similar experiments
cally inexhaustable. There is only one and obtained similar results. Mr. Tull's
point to be looked after. Plant can successor has continued to grow wheat
not use them in their native condition annually upon the same fields. He us-
They are insoluble in water. es no manure or fertilizers, depends en-
Plants can not use them until they tirely upon culture to make soluble the
are dissolved in water. elements in the soil. His crop increas-
It is not a question of exhaustion of es from year to year.
the supply, but a question of a\ai- The New York Experiment Station
ability o f the supply. If ii has made a ten year experiment along
is soluble it is availal,!,, If this line. Three plots were used,
unsoluble, it is unavailable. We equal in every way and lying adja-
donot exhaust the supply of these cent. The yield was about twelve
mineral elements of plant food In our bushels per acre. On No. 1, 800 pound
fields. All we do is simply to use up high grade fertilizer was used every
the soluble part of any one or more of year, on No. 2, nothing was used. This
these three, then our crops will be wa plowed and harrowed repeatedly
short. An insufficient supply of any from the time of reaping until the time
of sowing in the fall. On No. 3, four


tons of goou sta.ue manure was used
~\evejyear.
T Th?'result was that No. 2 with no
Shelp continued to increase in yield from
s twelve to thirty-two bushels per acre,
S and made more wheat in the ten years
a than either No. 1 or No. 3.
No. 1, with commercial fertilizer.
1 rapidly increased for a few years and
then rapidly decreased, coming out
third in the average.
The Lesson to be Learned.-From all
1 these and numerous similar experi-
r-
a ments we learn that there is plenty of
Plant food in the soil We learn also,


TWO SENATORS' TESTIMONY.


Tell What They Know of Catarrh and Pe-ru-na.
Hon. Porter Johnson, who has served
four years as State Senator from the
Fourth District in the cl.j of Chicago,
Ill, and who also is the first Democratic
Senator ever elected from that district,
S writes: "I can heartily recommend Pe-
ru-na as a catarrh cure. t cures when
all other remedies fail. [ applied to
several doctors, but they were not able
to cure me.


HON. EDWABD DWYEB.
[Senator 17th Distriot, Chicago, Ili.]
Hon. Edward Dwyer, State Senator,
Seventeenth Senatorial District, Chi-
cago, Ill., writes: "Pe-ru-a cures when
all other remedies fail. I can heartily
recommend Pe-ru-na as a catarrh rem-
edy. It has been two years since I was
cured, and I consider my cure perma-
nent. I took the remedy for two months
and am now entirely cured. I applied
to several doctors, but they were not
able to cure me. I tried many remedies
without avail.
"My catarrh was located chiefly in
the head. I was afllited with catarrh
for seven years."
Pe-ru-na cures catarrh wherever lo-
eated. Who is it that says Pe-ru-na will
cure catarrh wherever located Doctors
say it, lawyers say it, preachers say it, a
vast army of men and women say it who
have tried it. The old and the young
say it. They say it In the eat, in the
west, they say it in the north and the
south.


that this plant food can be made avail-
able by culture, hence it is cheaper and
better for the farmer to plow more and
buy less commercial guano.
Study and skill will constantly im-
prove the soil and give paying crops,
while the improvement is being made,
so that you see it does not cost any
money to improve land. Intelligence
is the price.
There is no danger or exhausting
the supply of plant food. There is
danger of letting the soluble and avail-
able supply wash away.
Thorough culture, continually going
deeper and pulverizing finer will make
larger crops from year to year and
leave the soil richer.
Scratching will help the rain to
wash away the plant food and make
the fields less productive from year
to year. Proof of this is before your
eyes everywhere we go.-Southern
cultivator.



Artislo -,


MONUMENTS


THR LATEST D8IGN81 OF

Marble

and rarnito.


rone Perioltn - -
Lor cemetery and rie enclosure

All work guaranteed. Prices reasonale..
Correspond with :: :: ::
; EO. R. NICHOLB & CO.
anM Hartrson BStret


rAMnP


. A PLOPSDA


HON. PORTER JOHNSON.
[Senator 4th District, City of Chicago, IlI1
"I took the remedy for fifteen weeks
and am now entirely cured. It has been
a year and a half since I was cured, and
I consider my cure durable. I was
afflicted with the catarrh for five years.
My catarrh was chiefly located in the
stomach."
Send to The Pe-ru-na Medicine Com-
pany, Columbu, O for Dr. Hartman's
latest free book on chronic catarrh, la
grippe, etc.


THE NEW SEED LAW.
Approved May 19, 181, makes it unlawful for
any person to sell or offer for sale any arden
Melon or Vegetable Seed unless the same are
in packages bearing on the outside in plain
letter a gunrant oetflnat of when. where
and by whom the seed were grown.
Penalty not less than $25, nor more than
$100 fine.
J. B. Sutton, Seedsman, Ocala, Fla., sells
seed under his trade-mark, as above, bearing
the certificate required by law; besides all
seeds are tested and the certificate bears date
of test and percentage of germination. Sead
to him for price list Wholesale and retail.


Do
YO KEEP IBEES
No matter-my 4t-page Bee Book
Tells HOEoTw
It will interest and please you. I know it
will. It'stree. Write today-I he honey see-
saw's seai-g. J. im si, wus i-
Alabaam. j u


I

0


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I



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5




t
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5



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I


M \ THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 165
S The Habitat ct Osaava. ent ways. Boiled in water, taking the Jaws are fitted to the exterlo- of the WOmen as Well as Men
Mr. D. R. Pillsbry furnishes an ex- place of bread much more fully than limb, twig, or branch, the bud being Are Made Miserable by
change the following translation of an the potato, and in different culinary midway between the pairs of :viws.
article on cassava from an Argentine preparations it can be employed where After the blades have been closrd Kidney Trouble.
Republic paper: neither potato nor sweet potato can be firmly around the branch, and locked
La Mandioca, Manihot utilissima, used; and, as has been discovered, it in adjusted position, the tool is turned Kneytrouble preys upon the miad dk
family Euphorbiacea, is a vigorous can be transformed into farina and so as to cut a sleeve or ring of bark couragismndleeysambition ;beauty,vigor
semi-herbiferous plant, native in Para- tapioca. Following is the mode of from the branch. The limb to which -, and cheerfulness soon
guay and Brazil, having a fusiform tu- preparation in use in Brazil: The mo- the bud is to be transplanted, has a dis ppearwhenthekid-
her resemln th roots of a dahlia tor is a wheel of buckets with vertical section of its bark removed by a simi- ney re out of order
The stem is erect, simple, cylindrical, Axis which utilizes about one-tenth of in tool, the space thus armed orrens- Kidney trouble has
of bluish color and from two to three the water power. To the axis is fixed ponding in length with the sleeve of become so prevalent
meters high; leaves palmate with from a grater. This grater is a species ol bark carrying the bud to be trans- that t is not uncommon
three to seven lobes, which resemble drum formed of slats, bearing teeth 1ntel.-Scientific American. for chid to be born
in form the body of a guitar; green on riveted in. To prepare the roots each neys. lithe child urin-
the upper surface and ash-colored be- one is pushed against the grater, a bag thMPOVy diM t branches the le or whe the child
neath; flowers, masculine and feminine, receives the pulp which .s pressed with Among the many different branches urnahes anthe fh or when the able to
in corymbs at the ends of the branches, a lever or screw; it is moistened and of business n the atwe would call control the passage. t is yet afflicted with
small, greenish yellow The fruit is a pressed again. The pulp is constantly to notice that of Geoo. B. Nichols & Co., bed-wetting, depend upon It. the canes of
capsule of a centimeter and a half di- agitated in a flat-bottomed drying pan of Tampa, Fla., who have by steady the difficulty Is kidney trouble, andtheflst
ameter, slightly rough, ash-colored, over a fire. The water obtained from industry and integrity, worked the hesould be towards a This tunpleasantof
with small reddish-colored spots, the press contains starch, which is made granite and marble business to some- trouble due to a diseased condon of the
There is a saying that the potato is into tapioca. To prepare this starch thing near what the pubile wants. kidneys and bladder and not to a habit as
here is a saying that the potato series, the for commerce throw it into a well- They are both experienced work- mot people suppose.
the tuber of temperate countries, the or commerce throw it into a well- men and understand all the different Women as well as men are made m
sweet potato of warm countries, and heated copper cask. To realize any- kinds of material that should be work and both ned the
the mandioca of torrid zones. thing from this industry it must be ed nto cemetery adornments, and are The mild the date effect
It forms the base of the alimentation done on a Irge scale with a central fac selling their work all over the Stat wmpRoot s soon realized. It is aoi
of the eleven million inhabitants of Bra- tory, and with modern machinery, such each year increasing to more and by druggists, in flfty-
zil, and is as agreeable a food as the as is used in Europe, and the cultiva- a better class of work. They do not cent and one dollar
potato or sweet potato; many perspns tion consigned to small farmers, who keep any traveling agents but do much sample bottle by mai
even prefer it to either. It has the sell their crop for half the cost of pro- of their increasing trade through the free, alsopamphlettell- Hm. mu.amLaes
great advantage of being capable of during the farina, mails, making if at t 168 cot to the Ing all about it. Including many of the
transformation into a food material, buyer and better for themselves, as o sed In writing ltr. Krcne
healthy and nutritious. Moles. everything is done through the heads & Co., Btnghamton, N. Y., be sum and
The farina, which will keep indefi- Some people claim to believe that of the firm. Great promises made to mention this paper.
nitely, is easily transported, and is in moles are a greater benefit than an in- customers that the house knows noth-
general use in this country. jury, for the reason they are almost ing the consequent dissatisfaction is m wSE D MONEY
Mandioca grouse in s wild and is said to wholly insectiverous in their diet. This thus averted. They promise nothing aD M N E
Maprosper in all partows ofild and is said toever- I dispute. A mole wil destroy seed but what they intend to fulfll. We eaS. s~ii T use~"s y1o
theless, the plant prefers a loose, fertile corn after it has been anointed with bespeak for them a liberal patronage. ind1o | he alon
soil, more moist than dry, and deeply tar from the Southern pitch pine, Any communication addressed to oe a
worked. The planting season is in while every other animal and fowl, them at Tampa will receive prompt at- 3 of fb elS 5.
worked. The planting season is inby Ia p a Lou by,.
spring, in the following manner: After in r mari tf heby I a n ms a
the earth has been well worked and pul- ers wil favor their extermination. I IMPRESSED ON HIS MEMORY. And peSe'"tS5
verized, it is leveled with the harrow therefore submit the following cheap "You don't know wot you're talking a- tisfa1cor es
and parallel furrows a meter apart are ,bout." said Tuffold Knuntt as the two way- 'trs f
and parallel furrows a meter apart are and effective plan: farmers came to the forks of the road. "Yere's
traced and crossed in the opposite di- Mix a proper quantity (no particular where we turn to the left." d much about mw or r
r ir > .* th .a^, di;^, aart, *. P e a y "How do you know so blamed much about wr or heud
rectio at the same distance apart, as rule), of arsenic with corn dough, it?" sulkily inquired Goodman Gonrong. oTuf, old u.tt.
is advised for sweet potato culture on make a small hole into their roads here --"I' worotdeooknowarejoined Tufold Knutt
a larger scale. The mandioca repro- and there, and deposit a lump of dough hood once about fifteen years ago."-Chicago press
duces from cuttings. The shoots which in each, about the size of a marble. ---Tribune. -
give the best results are those from Cover the holes with any convenient OBSTINATE WOMAN. TU11 Creiar Pggh Ce tI
twelve to eighteen months old. Cut- substance, such as clods of dirt, to ex- "Clara,when you are in the wrong you nevrm Air tw 'e e. IL mae en rull se U
tings for planting should be from nine elude the light. "Yes, I will, only I'm never in the wrong." e nOmsbiemsaShew.Tas t r~
inches to one foot long. Place the Some years ago I had a piece of land -Chicago Record. Seill.iha. me.mhiaSi _ansd with wgea5
cutting at the intersections of the fur- badly infested with moles, that I HIS PA EXPLAINS. cemo^rel swo se We Ocfc*g*
rows, with the assembled buds facing wished to plant to sweet potatoes. Sue- Tommy-Pa, is the baby crying because he i[eaiL H
the center. When started it is neces- cess depended on first getting rid of FhasneN' my son; he's crying because he
rary to revise the rows, replenish the me m oles As a matter f Sxp rIlea t is roins to hare bomc.= Puck.
missing plants, and if a setting has I concluded to try corn dough and THE PRICE OF ADMISSION.
nore than one shoot keep the most arsenic, as above. Two applications Mrs. Smith (looking p from her paper)-
rigorous and destroy the rest. More- resulted in vitual extermination. Some What does it mean in the Washington news That will kile
when it speaks of "the lower house?" all the 'weeds
over, it is necessary to begin to culti- of the moles came out of the ground, Mr. Smith--That means the house of rep- a theweeds
rate early, the first working having a and soon after died. Other poisons resntatiSe.ithe sowenate is higher. Do youin your lawns
great influence on the harvest. It may answer as well, but I know that mean that it costs more to get there?-Phila- tlfyou keep
iheuld be dons with frsat sara; a ass- arseals ean be relied a, The bent delphia Record. he weeds cut
Mnd cultivation should be given if weeds time to apply is perhaps in early so they do not
nvade. Generally these two are suf- spring, soon after the moles leave their go to seed,
Eureka Harness On Is the best and cut your
icient, but if the soil be very rich a winter quarters.-Bryan Tyson in Car- preservative of new leather ad cut your
thirdd weeding 'may be given, taking tl-age, N. C. Tribune. and the best reovator of old grass without
care not to disturb the tubers which ens and tes breaking the small feeders of roots
ire now partly grown and scattered A Budding Tool. the grads will become thick and
,bout beneath the surface. Some varie- A tool has been Invented by Dunin E rkUa M weeds will disappear. Send for
ies of mandioca suitable to the soil Galbreath. of New Orleans, by the aOil catalogue.
nill remain unaltered for three or more means of which buds may be trans- HaTHE CLIPPER WILL DO
rears, while others after two years be- planted without injury. The tool con o yonr bet .a.mena CLIPPER LAWN MOWER CO.
rinAidlner decompositipp. Although sists of two pivoted levers ornhandle,'. wl not oylook Ser bet '" *g
th tubeits car bg e t'sed at six months, each having a crss-head upon the end. r oomSm~~tsn 1 T tste rSirh "P"ir y P "
xpierienced ckItivators admit that as a To each cross-head a pair of ol-ides is 'a' s siamms OL iOU Ar NA '.
ule no manioc, to obtain best results, screwed, formed with concave cut- MA4ot soAnr L, MO.
should be used before ten or eighteen ting edges, so that when the handles 4 months on trial 10e. One yr. 2ne.
poaeIt tells h uw to make poultry mist -
nonths from planting. are brought together, only the top and profitable. It is up to date. 24 pages.
In Brazil, the harvest is after three bottom portions will touch. The space Is ustthe thing.Itshoto a certainty er or cWets p er gallon. Alminum '
gears. For digging a hoe or plow is between the blades is open so that the which hen lays and the egg she lays. Also bands for poultry, 1 dot., 20 dts; S for I
.-edigrees poultry. Nothfn-g else like it cts; GO for B0 cts; I00 tor$
ised; with either method vigilance bud can not be injured. The pairs of reat money maker. Poultry raisers mut et; 50 for 0 ts; 100 for 1.
must be used or many tubers will be blades, constituting jaws, inii effect are money feedingdrones, usethl s valuable ind
eft in the earth. held in adjusted position by a link ntlon; cul thedem out d kee or Layers.
Preparations of farina and tapioca, which is pivoted to one handle and per cent.) Quickest seller out. Sena stamp h 'w
andioca i 2 rebs oumed in many dier- earr maDy the other an s.- n for illust a ed decr H te booklet u*ox ~
Sandioca is consumed in many differ- carried by the other haflrti. *I tVintfie^ldfl' .. HEBft, Iock 5OX 0. e.w.sg litggSag ,


- -------- -. ----- ~~-~i~olR


~I









l THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.

The Use of Nitrogen. It has been reported, and doubtless roughly prepared for drainage and irri- w Bo F r
The need of definite information in correctly, that the gardeners near the nation before planting. After Ibeinu
Irroressor E. B. Voorhees of New Jer. big citlea find that there is & limit to plowvdl Atim halrrowedl, it is sown iol-a il
regard to the application of fertilizers the use of chemical manures,but that cast, at the rate of one and .a half to
gives special Interest to the views of by putting on more barn yard manure two bushels per acre. March and Apr\! Special Arrangements Whereby a Free
sey, who has made a study of the ni- the soil is able to give good results are favorite times for planting. T'i Copy Can Be Obtained by Every
trogen question. Prof. Voorhees re- from an increased application of chem- gold seed and white varieties are .con- Reader of This Paper.
mind of the farmer that the best use of local manures. While this should be sidered most profitable. For weeks the dresses
have been busy turning
nitrogen is attained when it is applied borne in mind by every man that Is us- The use of the proper forms and pro- out the enormous edt-
to soils in good condition rather than ing large quantities of commercial fui- portions of phophohric acid, nitromeu ion of Dr. J. Newton
poor or worn out soils. tilizers it also involves a principle ti:it and potash, is as necessary on i, "Manliness, Vigor,
Health"--neeessary to
Also the influence of kind of crop, affects us in all branches of farming, on any other crop. It is difficult to satisfy the public do-
in determining, the possible profits That principle is that the chemical ef- prescribe a formula that will suit il ii has rese Dr. Hathawaym
from the use of the materials applied, feet of the barn yard manure is of soils, though in a general way, it may number f these books,
andthesele haspeslelly
affects more particularly the constitu- value. The acids that are set loose be said that a fertilizer containinur arranged tosend free b
ent nitrogen. For example, the.liberal operate on the insoluble plant food in about six per cent. each of phosphor- mailt alo red namee
application of materials containing ni- the soil and make it soluble. Barn ic acid and potash and three per cent. nr full address to him.
For 20 years Dr. Hathaway has confined his
trogen to crops which possess a low yard manure in undergoing deconposi- nitrogen, is well suited for rice: practice almost exclusively todiseasesof men,
market value may result in a maxi- tion, liberates carbonic acid, anl hli- pounds per acre is a fair application and during that time he hasrestred more men
tc health. vigor, usefulness and happiness than
mum production-that sl, as large in- takes hold of the soil elements an' tictL Another good mixture for rice would any ten other doctors in the country combined.
Dr. lataaway treats and cures byamethod
crease in yield as if is possible to ob- loose plant food. The value of the barn le about 300 pounds of acid phosphate, entirely his own. discovered and perfect b
tain-yet because the nitrogen is so ex- yard manure cannot, therefore, be told 300 pounds kainit and 200 pounds cot- himself .aricele, Stlusively b him l Poisonin
pensive the value of the increased by figuring out the commercial value ton seed mnil per acre. A good plan in itsdifferent stages, heumatismWeakBac,
all manner of urinary complaints, Ulcers 8ores
yield may not be equal to the cost of or cost of the elements it contains, is to apply the fertilizer before sowing and Skin Diseases, Brights Diseaseand alforms
the nitrogen. On the other hand, its Thus, a ton of barn yard manure might time and work well into the soil. of idney Troubles. His treatment for uncer-
toned men restores lost vitality and makes the
application to crops of high commer- ghow up so many pounds of each of the When the plants are six inches high patient a strong, well, vigorous man.
Dr. nlatllaway-s success In the treatment o
cial value, though not causing so large constituents, and they might be sup- the first irrigation is given, by allow- Varicocels and Stricture without the aid of knife
a proportionate gain in crop, may re- posed of the same value as chemicals ing the water to partly cover the or cater phenomenal. The patientistreat
ed by this method at his own home without lpain
suit in a larger profit, because the cost in their ordinary or commercial form. plants. Some growers wait until the or loss of timefrom business. Thisispositivey
the only treatment which cures without an oprt-
of the nitrogen, though considerable, The barn yard manure, however, pI s- plants are about one foot high before action. Dr. Hathaway calls the particular atte-
is relatively a small item when cor- sesses the power of decomposition; its putting on the water and then kep the tion of sufferers from Varicocele and Strietur
pages r7. 28, 29, 30 and 31 of his new book.
pared with the incerased value of the process is of direct value to the soil. ground( covered, taking care, however; Every cae taler n by Dr, HatIhway is ue a
treated according to Its nature, all under isen-
crop obtained from its use. This ad- This fact makes it more advisable to to draw off the old water occasionally eralpersonalsupervision,andallremedlesus by
justment of the fertilizer to the kin apply manure fresh, that its decompo- to prevent spoiling of crop. Canals hisolar rebomrto hePrunderm personals
of crop is not a matter of indifference. sition may go on the land, and thus the are the best methods of supplying wa- Dr. Hathaway makes no charge for oani.
tien or advice, either at his office or by mail. and
In the next place, the form of nitro- soil and plants get the full benefit of ter for rice fields. These may be filled when a case is taken the one low fee covers al
from thed crees oy i t cost of medicines and professional services.
gen used is very important, particular- the process.-Farmers' Review. by gravity flow from the creeks or riv- r. Hathaway always p when it spo
ly in the culture of early market gar- ers, or the water lifted from wells by, ble, to have his patients call on himforleast
one Interview, but this Is not essential, as he hba
den crops. Market garden crops, as winlmills or other power. When the cure scores or tnousans or patents in an see.
turnips, beets, tomatoes and others, in The Rice Industry. grain is iri the dough the water should Syons of tHomed wTtment is never seend His
order to be highly profitable, must be The people of the United tSates coi. be drawn off and the fields left dr e can bring about acue as surely aud speed
as though the patient called daily at his oice.
grown and harvested early. At this sume over 300,000,000 pounds of rice while the seed ripens. Cutting should NWTONIATHAWAy a. A
season the natural soil agencies are every year, less than one-half of which Ib done while the straw is green, as Dr. E athawn AYC..
not active in the change of soil nitro- is grown in our country, sa y Jorl it gives better seed and more valua.-bh seor7an areet, antsvaa 41.
gen into available forms, and the plans Shomaker in Southern Cultivator. straw for feeding purposes. METION THIS PAPIR WHEN WRITINO.
must therefore rbe respond artificially This cereal forms the principal food of Harvesting may be done by any of
with the active forms of nitrogen if a ono half of the population of the the grain machines. The straw should'
rapid nd continuous growth is to be world. tl is used as a substitute for i h found in small bundles and s-' Ho much
maintained. Their edible quality is potatoes made into flour, forms a dain- ed away very carefully to insure the do yOu gr8ow
Whls your swden going totyield
dependent to a marked degree upon ty desert and is a valuable nourishing shocks to stand and keep out rain anr' r? Ail depends ontheseei. So
ad the chances are you'll renp right. sw
this rapidity of development, hence a food product. Good rice soil produce- storm. Thrashing should be done by* Greg
supply of plant food in reasonable ex- from 30 to 50 bushels per acre. A\ good machines that do not break too xGreg ry' 0
CetB of orainary demand is essential I bushel weighs 45 pounds and the gtin inuell grain. Tfiere are Improved mA- Seeds
order that the unfavorable conditions eral market price--1.00 to $2.00 per chines for milling which may be haul- and you'll get the ia yield y
of season may in part at least be over- bushel-gives a fair income from an ed about from place to place, and use:1 ear Book for is containsabroad -na
come. acre. Add to this the 'by products for hulling and cleaning several field blsorflowe rsorplesw -
Nitrogen exists in commercial pro- straw, hulls and broken grain, and the in one neighborhood. The rice r orI l profit Wr iL
ducts in the form that is immedateiy products are large. The Louisana Ex- be graded into at least six or eight, r j.
available-namely, nitrates; yet the periment Station reports rice polish .classes. The prices obtained range
fact that a nitrate is extremely liable worth $21.50 per ton, rice bran, $20.- from one cent to six cents per pound,
to loss makes it desirable to determine 80, rice straw, $9:30 and rice hulls .$8.- depending on the grading. American
first whether this most available form .4 per ton. From these figures it .own 'ripc, wlipn properly sacked, al- Je Mal
is in actual practice oof greater or less would appear that the industry is a ways takes the lead in the markets. It s"pr*a .d IMPROVED
service.than those other forms which profitable one that should no longer le, is important that growers prepare it f Aj B SmbDIm .
are rapidly changed into this active neglected, when such a large area mav for the market so that here be no red 5sow Beet, Carot, s. Tumni
form, but which before their change be cultivated, rice, chalky or sun cracked grains. If ibae Onion. andi me
in drills. Sent on .-eeeim 55.00
are not liable to be lost from the soil. Rice can be grown successfully in farmers residing the rice growing belt ime .charleast. MBALs mE Ur~.
For example, the nitrogen in nitrate of moist climates, where water may be will investigate this crop they will
soda is immediately available to the had for irrigation. The Department find it offers an excellent field for prof-
plant. If It is applied before or at the of Agriculture reports that the plant its on land that has heretofore been PAGE
time of seeding, in such quantity as can be grown anywhere south of the considered worthless.
to meet the entire demands of the crop, Ohio river, if suitable soil and climate
an opportunity is afforded for loss pre- conditions prevail. The estimated Farmers and builders will find it to "WATCHING THE CAP,"
isalostart. PageGatesdidit. Send fordesrizpUo-
vious to the time that the plant has area now subject to irrigation for rice their advantage to write to Gee. H. PAGI WOVEN WIIE FICECO.,AIHUIN,iICI
thrown out its roots and is liable to culture is given at 3,000,000 acres. ex- Fernald, Sanford, Fla., for prices on
gather from the soil, and also during -ending over several Southern States. all tools, implements and builders' sup-
its early growth, when it is unable to This crop is, at present, almost entire- plies. He is agent for the Acme Har- $2475 BOX RAIN COAT
gather it rapidly. Sulphate of ammonia ly grown in North and South Carolina. rows, Walter A. Wood Mowers and aasI AS .O&'WATRi 32.75
and dried blood are forms which Georgia and Louisiana. All the .\1 rakes, Remington, Avery and Brinly END NOMONEY. this A. as
change very rapidly into the nitrate lantic and Gulf States have large Plows, Charter Oak Stoves and k a t bes sas
form, but which previous to that areas that may be used profitably in Ranges, Devoc's Paints and Columbia dotSu
change are readily held by the soil. rice fields. As the demand for rice in- Bicycles. He has the best equipped a neand It onat o
In the use of any of these forms, creases every year, it is but reasonable plumbing, steam and gas fitting estab- .
plumbing, steam and gas fitting estab- w a.d = A S ." a"
therefore, the conditions which prevail to suppose that the acreage devoted to lishment and tin shop in South Flor- a U i
between the time they are applied and this crop will soon be doubled. Th, ida. Pumps, Columbia Bicycles, Boil- a ;g rur re1. 5et
the time they can be used by the plants Chinese authorities give 1,400 varietih s, machinery, new and second hand roi lsi-
would determine their relative useful- of rice, of which the irrigated kinms a special. Al inquiries promptly an- f t e t. Sm i
ness, and it is, therefore, quite possible are the best. They have tried upland swered. ret In au
that under the same methods of appli- rice with very unsatisfactory results. r, otr descriptit, ndy aua fbo
cation to one on the average might be still it is recommended for sub-irrigat- Pinting of every description at this a
office. "ny other house. FVe 1.. Ioth ti a
as useful as the other, yet theoretically ed land. nd e'sMaesortoshe Ol
the active forms would be the most de- A low muck soil is best adapted to Let us give you prices on your job 'atlatfrS *a. ,ig wrnt te o.o .
sizable. \ rice culture. The land should be thor- work. *IA RiOiUCK & Co. (IC.) CHICALO
sirable ps ha..mss mrro swsss~rsasinsle-amm






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 171


POULTBT DEPARTMENT..
Address all communications to Poultry De-
oartment. Box aso. DeLd, Fa.
Handling for Better Prices.
Thousands of people would be will-
ing to pay five to twenty cents more
per dozen for eggs if they could be as-
sured that they came direct from the
poultry yards and were guaranteed by
*a reputable poultryman to be fresh,
says an exchange. To do this, tli'r
could be a package containing, say,
one, two, three or five dozen, each g-t
ten up neatly and attractively with the
guarantee printed on It to the effect
that every egg was fresh and in case
one discovered that was not, within a
given time, a dozen should be given for
every one thus found. A stale egg is
an abomination. A dressed fowl sho'ild
be packed in a neat box, wrapped in
paraffin paper, neatly labeled, and not
hung up, exposed and thrown about as
If it were of no consequence. And if
it were so packed and the name of the
poultrymen printed neatly on the pacl.-
age, don't you think that our good
wives would be eager to have them in
preference to those that are taken out
*of the barrel, dirty, skinny, filthy, even
though the price might be one-half?
Every one that you thus sold would be-
come an advertisement for you and
there would soon be an inquiry.
Raising Broilers.
There are certain things absolutely
essential to raising broiler chickens for
the early spring market. First, that
they shall be hatched from eggs pro-
duced by healthy and vigorous stock.
A fowl too fat or that has been weak-
ened by disease, cannot produce a
chicken that will grow rapidly, mature
cnrly and fatten readily.
They must have dry and warm quart-
ers, not overheated, but at about a
comfortable temperature of ti) or '0
degrees. This place must be kept ab-
solutely clean, and we would have the
floor of the house or of the brooder
swept every day, and covered with
fresh dry sand with a little cut straw
upon that. They need pure air, and if
In giving It the temperature runs down
to 45 or 50 degrees for a short time it
will do no great harm, but they should
have a chance to get wa in afterwards.
Food is the next important consider-
ation. We have had good success in
feeding about twenty-four hours after
hatching,, with a mash of corn meal
and bran, scalded so that it will be dry
and crumbly. Boiled oats are very
well if properly cooked, so that (hey
are not soft and salvy. We would not
feed them raw, but we have used what
* is sometimes called the "pinhead" oat-
Smeal, and the little fellows would kcep
busy a long while picking at the little
grains. Have also used crumbs of
bread or corn cake. Either of these
give them exercise, which is another
Important item in their care. We would
feed nothing cold, but have tl'e food
always warm, even when feeding
whole grain.
At three or four days old they may
be given wheat or cracked corn a part
of the time but from the rations nam-
ed above, we should try to select so
that they would have a variety each
'day. Say the warm mash for first
meal, then grain, then the crumbs.
and then mash again, followed the last
feeding at night by more whole grain.
This allows for five feeds a day at in
tervals of about two hours, which they
will need at first, but when a month
old less frequent feeding will do.
A little green food, as cabbage, let-


tuce, clover hay, steamed or lawn grass
clippings should be given every day,
and it may be mixed in the warm
mash, being stirred in after the mash
is scalded and is cool enough to be fed
out, and not before. A little dried beef
scraps, fine ground, may be put in the
mash before scalding. Do not use the
green food or scraps so freely as to
cause bowel complaint. A little crys-
tal grit or clean gravel should always
be where they can pick it as they
please, and fresh water always where
they can get it. Give it fresh at every
feeding.-Farm, Filed and Fireside.
High Class Eggs.
I do not think it would be possible to


get as good an egg yield as
I report without the best of
care in feeding. My poultry have
been fed three times a day
just as carefully as work horses and
fattening stock. Another thing which
will add largely to the profit is to mar-
ket all surplus poultry just as early as
possible. A duck 10 weeks old will
cost less than half what one will four
months old, and will bring just as
much money. Early chicks, no larger
than quails, will often bring more mon-
ey than those that are kept twice as
long. During nearly the entire four
months in which my eggs were sold.
as reported, the hucksters were pay-
ing about 7 cents per dozen in cash,
and the grocers 8 cents In trade, but
by contracting my eggs to a large
boarding house, warranting every egg
to be fresh, and seeing that they were
so, I received always two cents abow t
the market price. When no nest eegs
are left in the nest, and the person
gathers the eggs every day, keeps them
in a cool place, and markets reg lSarl
on a given day each week, it is perfect-
ly srtfe toe ggs, ror thou
cannot be otherwise than paer'c-ti
fresh and good.--Southern Farmenr.
DO YOU NEED AN ELECTRIC
BELT?
For the past ten years, Dr. J. New-
ton Hathaway, who is recognized as
the greatest of all our specialists, has
been perfecting an electric belt, suit-
able to use in his practice, one which
he could furnish as a part of his sys-
tem of treatment, and which he could
conscientiously guarantee. He now
announces that he has perfected such
a belt, which he believes to be the only
perfect belt made. It is light, hand-
some, and of great power, and with
new attachments which make it suit-
able for every case. He is prepared to
furnish this belt to all patients who
need it and who apply.to him for treat-
ment, at merely a nominal charge.
Write to Dr. Hathaway to-day, telling
all about your case and he will write
you all about the belt, and if you de-
sire the belt will send it C. .0 D. for
inspection. Address Dr. Hathaway &i
Co., 25 Bryan St., Savannah, Ga.
A good time to subscribe.


ORNAMENTAL ..~o-2o LAWN FENCE-




so DESIGNs.CHEAPER THAN WOOD FENCE.
SPECIAL PRICE TO CHURCHES A CEMETERIES.
CATALOG FREE. sUP-TO-DATE M'F' CO.
921 N.IOTH ST, TERRE HAUTE, IND, U. S.A.

4- 4.
Seed Seed

4 Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gainesville
to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special inducements to pur- :
: chasers of SEED OATS, SEED POTATOES, VELVET BEANS, etc. :
I have 800 pounds ... . . . . . . . . .

tg 0'or6 C4?rfohe Se 6.

for delivery by January 1st. Address all orders and enquiries to
S-- P. F. WILSON,
4- JACKSONVILE, FLA.


MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.
ria To m ae close conneo-
tions with steamers leave
Nev York Jcksonvllle (Union de.
pot) Thursdays 8:30 asm.,
Phila- (F. C. & P. By.)or Fernn-
dina 1:30 p. m., via Cum-
delphia & b|rlnB steamer; meals
en route, or "all rail" via
Boston Plant System at 7:45p. n.,
ar. Brunswick :0 p. mn.,
From Brunswick direct to l Igti twn niDor swai-
New York. er.
PROPOSED SAILINGS for Meh. 1900.
NORTH BOUND--BRUNSWICK, GA., DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY AS FOLLOWS:


S. S. RIO GRANDE .......... ... ..... ... ..Friday, March 9.
S. S. COLORADO ........................... .. ....Friday, March 16.
RIO GRANDE.............. .. .. .. ..Friday, March 23.
S. s. COLORADO .... .......... ..................Friday, March 30.
SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO BRUNS WICK, STEAMERS LEAVE PIER t
E. R., EVERY FRIDAY, 3:00 P. M.
For general information, steamers, trains, rates, etc., apply to
BASIL GILL, Agent, ay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
H. H. Raymond, General Southern Agent, Brunswick, Ga.,
C. H. Mallory & Co.. general Agents. Pier t0E. R. and 386 Broadray, N. Y.


Have YVe Etther an


Orange Grove or Garden ?
Nave you anything to do with either rultuor Vegetableus
en keep in touch with your work by sitwborlab fib the
fmertcan Frut-fand Ve efahle Journal,
Published at 713 Masonic Temple, Chicago, Ill.
All departments of the Fruit and Vegetable business discussed by praeticel, experienced
parties.
Np R .We will send this excellent paper absolutely free for one year to
all new subscribers to this paper, and to all old subscribers paying
Jl T J r their subscription one year in advance. Both papers for the prie
of one. Sen your subscription to this office while this ofer ia
open. Both papers I(.L.
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


The International Publishing Com-
pany of Philadelphia and Chicago,
have just published a new and inter-1
esting life of D. It Moody. Also.S
"War in Africa," and many other ele-1
meant and useful books. The best terms i ii Removes Curb, Splint and Capped Hock.
to agets. Apply to I.It o-ill surely kill a Spavin and the Iwa It
to agent Apply to I. Morgan, Kis- relieves Sore Tendons is marvelous. ie
simniee, State agent for Florida. member this is not a cheap wash, but a
\ I-TT P PAIN RELIEVER
AN AMBIGUOUS HOPE. and a wonder in its penetrating powers.
Her Mother-Does he ever object to you ueL t l sswdr nnlut8s..L..
talking so much? Boabl Is WauruaM
Herself-I don't know whether to call it ob- Prie, Ol. and 0l a bottle. Sold by all Dru
jection or encouragement. He told me the in medicine.
other night he hoped I would go ahead and PIgpaLcg ev De. CARL 8. 8LOAN, BOsTON, MAIs., U.I.A.
talk my head off.-Indianapolis Press.


V


I









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


DISAPPEARANCE OF

THE GRANDFATHER.
I have always maintained that there
Was the making of a good story teller
spoiled in Aunt Jane. She had what all
fiction writers aim at, the power of veil-
ing her climax in mystery, and just
when one had quite decided upon some-
thing else happening, she would calmly
relate the real ending, and ring down
the curtain in a manner worthy of the
most up-to-date narrator. I enjoyed a
visit to her, I really did, not only be-
pause my presence always called forth
some crisp sponge cake, made by a
recipe of her own, and some delicious
blackberry cordial or currant shrub,
also of her concoction, but for the


peace and] oIUladl~C ue tti rt
simple little home suggested.t


The strange thing about Aunt Jane
was that her tales never gave out, and
yet she was apt to relate one upon the
smallest provocation; so I was not sur-
prised when I dropped in upon her the
other morning to hear one that I had
never listened to before, and one, too,
that I think bears repeating.
"I have often thought," she began
meditatively, "how fine it would be if
Sinanimate things could talk, such as
furniture and pictures." I merely nod-
ded, for one of my aunt's peculiarities
is that she never wishes to be inter-
ru'pted, when she begins a tale, by un-
necessary questions or even remarks
signifying interest. "Yes," she contin-
ued, "it would have been convenient
often in my life, and once particularly.
Did you ever hear of the disappearance
of your grandfather's portrait?"
"Not the signer of the Independ-
ence?" I exclaimed in awe-stricken
voice. "No, I never did."
"Yes, the 'signer.' Well, it was this
way. About fifty years ago tableaux
were rather a new form of entertain-
ment, and Elinor High, who had been
spending the winter in the city,
brought home the idea. We wanted to
raise money for a carpet for the church,
and we had an excuse, and worked it
for what it was worth, I assure you. It
kept us busy talking it over, and every
time we met tableaux were discussed.
Finally, after much begging, we gained
my mother's permission to have them
in our parlors, though my father ob-
jected angrily when he heard that tick-
ets were going to be sold for admis-
sion. He thought it a most undignified
proceeding. But women, even in those
days, before reform notions and clubs
had come to the front, had their own
way, and so we carried our point.
"The next thing was to decide upon


said, for girls then exaggerated just as
you all do now. But to remove the
'signer' was sacrilege in the parents'
eyes, and we had great trouble to ob-
tain their permission. Finally your
mother, who was my father's favorite,
gained his reluctant consent, and with
joy we took down the picture, notwith-
standing that we thought he looked in-
dignant at such treatment. We did not
use the frame for some reason, for
young people, you know, always have


silly ideas of what is appropriate.
"The tableaux were a success, finan-
cially and socially, as the newspapers
would say nowadays, and the last one
was applauded the most. Your own
mother and father took the parts. They
were lovers then, and thus gave it a
touch of reality not always found in


hung it up again in its usual spot, where
now only blankness remained.
"Arnold took as much part in the
search as any one, but he was puzzled
like the rest of us.
"A cloud, however, was in the sky.
My father from the first had said little,
but always eyed one of the household.
Of course you have guessed it was Ar-
nold upon whom his silent suspicion
fell. It would be hard to say why, ex-
cept upon general principles. He hat-
ed artists, and Arnold had committed
the indiscretion of asking to borrow
the portrait. My mother was more
just, or at least veiled her feelings. But
silence was soon to reign no longer,
for one day, at dinner, your mother
said impetuously,-
"'Father, you don't suspect Arnold,


e
r as t a party staying wit
h do n, that you always are stiff with


us, and among others a young artist-
a friend-well, I will be frank-of mine,
and although np love had been spoken
between us, what might have occurred
-yet did not, owing to the circum-
stance I am going to relate-I cannot
say. Arnold Willoughby, poor boy,
long since dead, was then a young and
ardent artist. He admired extravagant-
ly the portrait, as truly he might, it
being an old Copley and valuable as a
work of art to others as well as to the
descendants. He begged leave to copy
it, but my father would not hear of it;
in fact, he did not smile too favorably
upon Arnold anyway.
"The next morning, when the merry
guests trooped into a rather late break-
ast, we could talk of nothing else but
the last night's performance.
"'But where,' asked Elinor High, 'is
the signer? I did not see his benign
smile as I passed through the hall.'
"'In his frame in the old place, of
course,' answered my mother. 'I insist-
ed upon that, and Jane and Mr. Wil-
loughby attended to that last night.'
"'But,' insisted Elinor, 'he is not
there. That is just what I -noticed, and
I wondered, because I heard you say
he was to go right back.'
"'Not there!' exclaimed my mother.
'What do you mean?'
"She rose hastily from the table with-
out even the polite 'Excuse me,' fol-
lowed by us all. Sure enough, Elinor
was right. There was the empty frame
staring right down upon us, just as it
looked while the tableaux were taking
place, but no signer!
"'Some one has taken it-some rob-
ber!' cried a nervous guest.
"My father said nothing, but glared
angrily at the emptiness.
"'It must be found,' emphasized my
mother, and so mentally echoed the


the number and style, and these were whole company, and the search began.
weighty problems indeed. We had But where could we look? There was
those that you would think now very only a spindle-leg table on that side ot
commonplace. 'Rebecca at the Well,' the wall, besides the few portraits, and
'The King's Sons in the Tower,' 'Ma- there, hanging above the Rubens was
rie Stuart and her four Marys,' 'Row- the empty frame.
ena' from Scott's famous novel, then "It seemed impossible that any one
the rage, and finally we decided upon should have taken the picture, as it
a ryevlutionary scene-shadqw of what would be difficult to dispose of it with-
was to come, I fancy, as the love for oth the theft being discovered; but for
the past had not then developed. .This ,all that it was gone. It is needless to
tableau was to end the affair, and we, say thlt out guests were as much dis-
wanted it to be particularly fine. Iti turbed as we were, and indeed hastened
represented a maiden of that period, their departure, for such gloom was
bidding her lover, a young soldier, cast over the older members of the
farewell. He wore the old American family by the disappearance of the
uniform, and she was dressed in some grandfather that nothing could lighten
quaint costume of the day. it. The servants were examined sep-
"We decided that the picture of oui arately and together, but no clue could
ancestor would add to the scene and be found, for, after all, Arnold and I
that it must be taken down from its had been the last to see it, and we re-
usual place in the hall over an old Ru-. membered only too well that we had
bens. It would reek of the past, we'replaced it in the frame carefully, and


him t"
"Arnold jumped up as if he had been
shot, but my father kept rigidly still.
'Do you mean, sir," asked Arnold,
'that you think me a thief?'
"'You are an artist,' replied my
father coolly, as if that involved every-
thing.
"'Be careful!' cried Arnold.
"'I wish I had been,' muttered my
father.
"I foolishly began to cry, from ner-
vousness as you would say now,' only
then we did not analyze every emotion.
My mother, who was kindhearted,
spoke up and said,--


"'Mr Willoughby, my husband does
not mean it seriously. He- '
"'Don't interpret my thoughts,' an-
swered my father, sternly. 'I have said
nothing.'
"'Nothing in words, perhaps,' de-
clared Arnold, 'but I understand your
strangely black looks at last. You dare
suspect me of stealing, yet I cannot
have the only satisfaction that one man
demands of another because-because'
-I fancied he looked at me-'because
you are an old man.' Again he paused,
hoping, poor boy! for some one to de-
fend him; but even your mother was
speechless with horror. Then he rose
from the table; 'I can but leave you,
never to return until the picture is re-
stored, and you have begged my pardon
for your cruel injustice and insults.
Until then I wilr never see you or
yours.'
"'As you will,' replied my father.
'And it is to be hoped that the picture
will be restored, even if mysteriously
done.'
"At this Arnold, hardly bowing to us,
rushed from the house, leaving his bag-
gage, doubtless for us to search. If a
thunderbolt had fallen we could not
have been more shocked. We heard he
had left the village when we sent his
trunk to the inn. And thus he passed
out of our lives in darkness and mys-


tery.
"Time went on, and we finally settled
down to accept the loss as a fact not to
be combated. Indeed, the subject was
rarely mentioned between us. I felt,
too, that life had taken a serious mean-
ing, and although I never suspected Ar-
nold, still I knew my father's impldca-
ble temper, and realized that it was all
over, even what had not exactly hap-
pened. Your own father took a very
sensible view of the matter and never
doubted Arnold, but just at that time
he and your mother were so blissfully
happy, for they were soon to marry,
that they gave little thought to the
mystery. I could see, though, that the
strange disappearance haunted my


A Life in PeriL

A Young Girl Who seareely Erypease
sto saurve that Critical Period of
Mfe white Proves fatal
to so Many.
Among the thousands of young girs who
bless Dr. Williams' Pink Pills or safely
carrying them through that most perilous
period of their lives, when they step from
girlhood into the broader realm of woman-
ood, there is none more enthusiastic than
Miss A. M. Roberson, 198 South Fitahugh
St. Rochester, N. Y.
That she is alive to-day is indeed a won-
der. Three years ago she was a complete
wreck scarcely able to drag herself about,
a mere skeleton and as pale as death.
Doctors had failed to help her and hope
was at its lowest ebb, when through the
providential call of a friend she learned of
the medicine which saved her life.
Her own words best tell the story in
detail:
"Three years ago," she says, "when we
moved to Rochester I was in a pitiable con-
dition. I hal just reached that critical stage
in a girl's life when she merges from girl.
hood into womanhood.
"I had grown toofastand the rapidgrowth
had sapped my strength, robbing me of a
robust constitution at the time it was most
needed. Colisequently when the changes
which are incident to this time of life took
jplae my system was unequal to it and I
broke lown completely.
I was
| aC carcely able
from oneehair
to another. My
l H wi face was whit
asfU a sheet and
I looked a
though I had
Snot a drop of
blood in my
body; I be-
lu eame o ser-
vous that at
times I was
almost hyter-
Too Weak to Wal. ical.
"We had already spent a great deal of
money for doctors, and as it was just s
much wasted, we did not feel able to throw
away any more, and I scarcely knew what -
to do. when one day a friend calling at the
house told me about Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills for Pale People, and induced me to try
them. I did so, reluctantly at firt, but
soon noticing that they were helping me I
continued with them and improved rapidlyt
I gained in weight, grew strong, my cheelk
took on a healthy color, and I looked and
felt like a different girl. Infact I wamade
well enough in three months to be able to
accept a position and start to work.
I cannot praise this medicine too highly
a it has made of me a strong and healthy
irl" A. M. RonBBeoN.
Subscribed and sworn to before me ths
ath day of July, 1889.
FBALHI DOUBHL,
Notary Puabe.
At druggsts or direct from Dr. Wiliams
Medicine Co.. Schenectady, N. Y., 60 cant
per box, or six boxes for 2Z0.


mother, as well as myself, and my father
never looked at the empty frame.
"People at first used to question us,
but as there was nothing to tell, they
soon forgot it. The months drifted
into years, and events of many kinds
occurred: At last the day came when
we decided to sell the old home. You
were a little thing then, six or more,
do you remember?"
"Yes, I recollect the old house, and
the tin jar for cakes, and the catsl"
My aunt smiled.
"Yes, you worshipped the tin jar, I
know. Well, the day came for a gen-
eral disposing and selling of our old
belongings, and my father's sorrow
about the lost grandfather was greater,
than ever. The hall was the last spot
we touched in the general overhauling,
but finally we came to it, and th~t'1x -'
bens, under the empty frame was takenl
down, and what do you suppose we
found?"
"Not the picture?" I cried, although
I knew well it could be nothing else.
"Yes, the picture! It had slipped
down upon that memorable night, and
was held by the framework of the Ru-
bens, so it could not fall further, and
there it had been in dust and silence
all these years."
"Ah, Aunt Jane," I smiled, "what


__


'1 -1


h~~Ivnr~,~


_--_^ -_-1 -1-1 f__r----l --*-*. J.1--J. t-_-


~----- r----~ ----~---~









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 17


about housekeeping in those days? No
better than we are, for you did not
clean behind your treasures!"
"So it seems," confessed my aunt,
'and my mother was much mortified
about that very same thing, and took
it quite to heart; but the joy of the dis-
covery swallowed up everything else
and my father became like a young
man."
"And Arnold?"
"Alas! poor Arnold! My father, as a
man of honor, went at once and hunt-
ed him up, and told him the whole
story, begging most humbly his pardon
for his cruel suspicion."
"And he-did he ever come back?" 1
S asked.
"No, he never did. He was married
then, and had several children depend-
ing upon him, and indeed his health
was bad and he died a year or two af-
terwards. He sent some kind messages
to my mother and me, and to your pa-
rents, and there the matter ended. And
the story is finished, tool take some
more cake and shrub," suggested my
aunt, smiling, I thought rather drearily.
"No," I declared, "I have had
enough; but your story is lovely."
"I thought you would like it," com-
mented my aunt. "But, as I say, if in-
animate things could only talk, how
much easier life would be, would it
not?"--Waverly Magazine.

Botation.
This Is a term used to mean grow-
ing crops which are supposed to differ
widely in their chemical composition
on the same field in successive years.
Corn is supposed to demand different
plant food or the same elements of
plant food in different quantities rom
cotton or oats or wheat, hence it is
thought that when corn has been on n
field one year oats or cotton should
be planted on that field the next year.
In carrying out this idea a good manm
schedules of rotation have been re-
eommended. A favorite one is cotton
first year, corn second year, wheat or
oats third year, and rest or peas the
fourth year. This is perhaps the best
that can be suggested for the average
farmer. A much better one would he
Kentucky Red Clover for the fourth
year and on for the fifth and sixth.
and then begin with cotton again the
seventh year.
This would soon give. a very rich
farm. This clover leaves the land fill-
ed with all needed plant food.
A Slight Mlstake.-The idea that any
crop such as corn or cotton uses all
the mineral elements of plant food in
any soil in one or a few years is a mis-
Stake.
We have known cotton grown for
seventeen successive years without
any apparent injury to the field. On
the contrary the crop was better at the
last than at the first. No manure or
guano was used. Care was taken to
prevent the laad from wahinal
We have grown oats for many years
successively without an injury to the
land. We. bave known corn grown
yeia,$tja r year with equal success.
There is some advantage in planting
different crops, but this is mainly if not
entirely owing to the change in culture.
Corn does well after cotton because we
Dlow the cotton often and thus pre-
pare a good supply of soluble phos-
phate and potash for the next year.
It we plowed deeper and harrowed
oftener we would never lack for any
of the mineral elements of plant life.
Our land is somewhat improved by
any of the small grain crops or by
rest, because we add a good deal of


vegetable matter to the soil from the
stubble and grass.
When in addition to the rest we
grow a crop of peas we add ammonia.
When we grow a crop of Red Clover
we store away large quantities of am-
monia; and phosphoric acid and pot-
ash are made soluble in large quanti-
ties. Thus the soil is made very rich.
Culture is More Important.-Rota-
tion does no harm, and per se, little if
any good. The change in culture is
what helps. If we cultivate the soil
right it will matter very little what
crop we grow. In many of the old
countries the same crops have been
grown on the fields for generations.
There is enough of the mineral eie-
ments in the first ten inches of the
soil to last for a thousand years if we
buit nothing b&li, but if We ptut in all
the vegetable matter and use all of our
stable manure, we can never grow out
enough plant food to hurt the soil, but
we can lock it up or wash it away.
Study how to cultivate your soil,
not your crops alone..
Only about two per cent of our crops
is mineral. The air and water will
last.-Southern Cultivator.

Wasting Soil Fertility.
There is an annual production of
over 4,000,000 tons of cotton seed in
the South. This sed contains 125000
tons of nitrogen, worth for enriching
the soil, $37,500,000. It also contains 50-
800 tons of phosphoric acid, worth for
enriching the soil, $7,112,000. It con-
tains also 46,800 tons of potash, worth
to the soil, $3,744,000. This makes a
grand total of $48,356,000, and this vast
sum for what has, until recent years,
been considered in the light of a waste-
ful product
Under the system of clean culture
necessarily and unavoidably obtaining
throughout the entire cotton belt in
the culture of thin Impuorant crop, con-
siderably more fertility is washed
away annually down into the Gulf of
Mexico, than is contained in the entire
annual output of cotton seed. The
amount of fertility that is annually
lost by being washed away, It is an ut-
ter impossibility to ever bring back;
the most we can possibly do in the
premises is to try our level best, by
terracing, circling and hillside ditches
on upland, and a more complete and
systematic as well as more thorough
system of drainage and under-drain-
agon, O lowlands, to reduce this annual
loss by washing to a minimum.
This truly enormous drain, although
comparatively small and insignificant
seventy-five or even fifty years ago,
may be very conservative and, safely
claimed to have gone on until ten times
the above amounts are irrevocably
gone, past any, even the most remote
possibility of redemption. This would
amount to 1,250,000 tons of nitrogen,
worth $375,000,000; 508,000 tons of
phosphorio acid, worth '71,10,000, and
48,000 tons of potash, worth $T7,440-
000;or a total of $483,560,000.
Just how much of this 40,000,000
tons of cotton seed was sold off the
farm or made way with, at least
to the extent of depriving the acres
upon which they were grown of any
and all benefit that might have been
derived from them had they been qrg-
pulously returned to those self-same
acres, we have no means of deciding;
but from upwards of a quarter cen-
tury of close observation, we know
that the amount so returned is most
insignificantly and ruinously small.
The lint of cotton yielding half a
bale per acre removes from the soil .8-


Ocean Steamship Co.,


"SAVANNAH LINE."


Part Rail, Part Sea.

FasL Freight and Luxurious Passenger Route

-FROM--

FLORIDA TO NEWYORK,

BOSTON & THE EAST.


Short Rail Ride to Savannah.

Thence via Sip, 0 M ihm s veanahk Pour ul RaMh
Week to rew Ttk, a na Two to oston.

All ticket agents and hotef ar supplied with mathly msaling schedules.
Write for general information sallag schedles. stateroom reservatleM
Wa sal an
B. H. Hinton, Traf Managw, Walter awkLa, Gel At.
IaoSMAM, s. W. Bay St., Jackoenvile, Wi.


pounds of nitrogen, .25 pound .plos-
phoric acid and 1.15 pounds of potash.
Therefore, of the plants and seeds are
returned to the soil, such soil may
grow cotton for many years without
noticeable deterioration. Tie seeds
alone, remove 20 times as much nitro-
gen, 27 times as much phosphoric acid
and 25 times as much potash, as the
lint. The value of cotton seed as a
fertilizer has never been properly ap-
preciated.-Ex.
Plant your spring ads.


WE STILL HAVE A FEW

Nice Satsuma oranges on Trifollata
stocks, entirely unhurt by cold. Also
peaches, plums, grapes, etc., including
the famous James Grape. A few
thousand Trifollta seedlings yet un-
sold. Prices low. Freight is paid.
Summit Nurseries.
Monticello, Fla.










174 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


E AMD 0X1b0BS.

A visitor to Moscow soon discovers
why it is called the Holy City. Ev-
ery 200 or 300 feet there is a cathedral,
church, chapel or shrine, and which
ever way you look you see people
crossing themselves. Until one has
seen Moscow the piety of the place is
not easily understood. The utsider
cannot imagine Moscow conditions. He
cannot imagine church bells ringing
all the time and people praying in the
public streets at all hours of day and
night-

Some three or four years ago a
wealthy man of Chicago, told a young
woman that he would provide ror lifr
for a protege of hers, a helpless man.
if she would collect a million postage
stamps. She has just done so. but in
the meantime the helpless man has
not only recovered his health, but ha;
made a fortune of a quarter of a mil-
lion, while the young woman's parent-
have died and left her in a traigntened
circumstances. The story ought to end
by the marriage of the young wolmnl
and her protege, but the latter is al-
ready married to a young woman wlho
has an intense dislike of the young
woman and who now will not permit
her husband to help her either direct-
ly o indirectly.

Although the fashion to sit for one's
picture in decollete dress is still prev-
slent, women are now posing in their
street costumes, with big picture hats,
long so collarette of fur, even the gran-
ny muffs being included. It takes a
skillful arrangement of light to bring
out the face from the heavy environ-
ment, but the artistic photographers
understand how to do this and many
of the results are extremely good.

The tabernacle at Salt Lake City is,
in respect to its acoustic properties,
the most remarkable place of worship
in the world. It constructed to holl
25,000 people, yet is is possib'! for a
person standing at one end to distinct-
ly hear the sound of a pin lcoppl'd into
a hat at the other, a test of its curious
power to convey sound which is offered
to every stranger who is shown over
the building.

Pelver, S. C., is a town ot 7.00X) mn-
habitants, with no police, no mayor
and no city government. The entire
town is owned by a cotton mill corpor-
ation and is governed by it. There are
a few doctors in the town, one photog-
rapher, and a free library. Four
preachers perform their tunctlons, but
there are no saloons, blind togers or
cigarettes. Negroes are not allowed to
live in the town, although they live on
the outskirts.

The women of Easthampton, N. Y..
who are organized under the ininl of1
the Ladies' Village Improvement Soci-
erty have already raised more than $1-,
000 for improving the roads. On the
advice of the civil engineer consulted
they will first build narrow macadam
roads through the town and widen
them as occasion demands. Politicians
and town officials are watching with
inteWoUt the outcome of this project det=
vised by the women.

The last execution at Newgnte Prie-
on, the moat famous in the world, the
theme of Thackery and Dickens, is to
be torn down to make room for the
new Central Criminal Court. New-


PLANT SYSTEM


THE GREAT THROUGH CAR LINE.

LOCAL SCHEDULE.


Stakes the hair healthy
and vigorous; makes
it grow thick and
long. It cures dan-
Sdruff also.
It always restores
color to gray hair,-
all the dark, rich color
of early life. There is
no longer need of
your looking old be-
fore your time.
i1.00 a bottle. All druggsts.
"As a remedy for restoring color
to the hair I believe Ayer's Hair
Vigor has no equal. It has always
given me perfectt satisfaction in
every way. T
Aug. 18,1898s. Hammondsport,N.Y.
W re the DUetes.
He will send you a book on The
Hair and Scalp free, upon request.
If you do not obtain all the benefits
Sou expected from the use of the
SVigor write the Doctor about it.
Address, .
| Lowell, Mgass.




gate has a right to be famous. It was
firnt hlilt in 1086 by tle Bishop of
London. After Dick Whittlngton's
death it was rebuilt for the second
time and an effigy of Whittington and
hie cat placed on top. It has since
been many times rebuilt, but never
became a desirable home.

The word "ship" is masculine in
French, Italian, Spanish, and Portu-
guese and possesses no sex in Teuton-
ic and Scandinavian. Perhaps it would
not be an error to trace the custom of
feminizing ships back to the Greeks.
who called them by feminine names,
probably out or deference to Athene.
goddess of the sea. But the English
speaking sailor assigns no such rea-
sons. The ship to him is always a lady.
even though she be a man-o'-war. She
possesses a waist, collars, stays, laces.
bonnets, ties, ribbons, chains, watches
and dozens of other distinctly feminine
attributes.-Collier's Weekly.

The sultan of Turkey rises at 6 and
after devoting the whole morning to
work with his secretaries, breakfasts
at noon. After this he takes a drive '
row on the lake in his vast park. At
8 he dines and amuses himself during
the evening with his family, listening


North bound.
Read down.


IN EFFECT FEB. 18, 1900.


Southbound
Read up,


140 I 78 38 1 32 I 23 I 37 21- 139
....... 7.1 .30a 7.00pLv ...... ..Port Tampa.... .... ....Ar 8.05p| 9.40 1 75.1a ......
....... 7.35a 11.0 7.25pLv .... Tampa Bay Hotel........... ..Ar 8.401 9.1o 7.30 ......0
....... 7.45 a 7.4 Lv.. ........Tampa.. .... ....Ar 7.30 9.05p 7.20a .......
........... .50pLv ...... Punta Gorda ..........Arfl.25p11.25p 5.20p.......
....... 5.30a 5.30a 6.4pLv ...... .. ..Bartow............Ar 8.30p 8.30p 7.00a .......
... 9.10a .05p 9.20p|Lv.. ...... Lakeland.......... Ar 6.20p 7.50p 6.ia .......
.............. 2.18p10.42pLv..........Kiss immee.. .. ......Ar 6.24p 4.55a .......
....... .... 48p .14 Lv .. .. .. ..Orlando.. .. .. .. ..Ar ...... 5.49p 4.22a .......
... ......... 2.65 .23Lv........ Winter Park.. .. ....Ar ...l... 5.40p 4.13a .......
.......... ..p.. 1.0p2.15alLv... ...... ...Sanford........ ..Ar ....... 5.10p 3.30a .......
....... ....... 4.45p 8.00aAr .. ..DeLand........ .. Lv ....... 3.20p ..............
.. .......... 3.20p ......Lv.. ........ DeLand.......... Ari...... 4.45pj 8.00a ....... M
10.00a 4 .t40pl ,56p 2.4 .L ... ....Palatka ......... Aril .30 2.05D 1.06a 6.30p
10.55a 5.30p 6.38p 4.34aLv . Green Cove Springs...... ..Arl 10.41a 1.2p 12.16a .14p
11.00a 5.35p 6.42p 3.38a Lv.... .....Magnolia.. ........ Ar 10.36a 1.17p 12.11a 5.09p
12.10p 6.30p 7.30p 4.30aAr.. . ...Jacksonville.. .... .. Lvi .40a112.-OpUl.20p 4.00p
... 7.10a .............. Lv .. .. Port Tampa....... ArA 8.05p ..................
... 7.35a ..............Lv.... Tampa Bay Hotel.......... 7.40p... ............
745aLv.......... Tampa... .. Ari 7
........a.............. Iv........ ..Bartow............Ar 80p................

.........a ............. Lv...... St Petersburg....... Ar 9. ..... ..........
....... 5.30a .............. Lv.. .... ..Belleaire.. ..Ar 8.30p ....... .....
....... 9.104a .............. Lv....... Lees bur........ ...Ar 36.20p ....... ... ...
....... 7.00a ........... Lv .. St. Petersburg.Oala........ .. ..Ar 2. ........... ........
....... 7 0 .............. L ...P B la i .. .. ..Ar 8.36p .......1 .......i1 ......
....... 11.47a ....... ....... Lv .. .... Leesbburg .. .. .. ..Ar 3.43p ....... ....... .......
7.00a. 1.25p ....... ....... Lv.. .. .. .. lOcalai.. .. .. .. . Ar 2.05p .............. 9.. -p
9.00a 3.45p ............ ..ainesille..........Lv 12.10p ...... ....... 7.00p
7.30a 2.15p ........... Lv........ ..Gain vill.. ........ Ar 1.30p ............. 8.45p
0.00al 4.40p 5.5p 2.45aLv .......... Palatka.......... ..Ar11.30a| 2.056p 1.06a. 6.30p
12.10pl 6.30p1 7.30p 4.30p|Ar.. .. ..Jacksonville.... .... Lv| 9.40a 12.30pll1.20p. 4.00p
.... 5... a .............. ......t. Petersourg........Ar10.30p ....... ....... .......
....... 5.45a............. Lv ....... Belleair..........Ar .4p ....... ..... ......
....... 10.37a..... .........Lv.........Lesbrg.... ....Ar 4.45p.............. ......
7.00a 12.40p .............. Lv........Ocala ......... Ar 2.50p.............. 6.
9.00a 3.00p .............. Ar ..... ...Gainesville ...... Lv| 12.15p ....... .......|00p
7.30a 1.45p ............. Lv.... .. .. Gainevil-. ..........Ar i. .............. 8.4p
10.00a 4.30p ............. Lv ........ Pal i. ......Ar 25a .......... 6.30p
12_lOD 6.30l ............. Ar.. ....Jacksonville...... Lv 9.40a ....... 1 ....I 4.15a
FROM JACKSONVILLE TO JBSUP, SAVANNAH AND CHARLESTON
I 16 | 26 1 34 | 32 | 32 I 38 I 36 1 14 I i8
Lv Jacksonville .............. l 5.00al 7.00al 8.OOal 8.00a lz.lOpi 1.35p 7.4Sp1 7.481p 7.46p
Ar Waycross................ I 6.50al 9.SOai 9.50a| 9.55a l.50p1 3.30p 9.30p] .4wt|l.6.,
Ar Jessup............... 8.10a...... 110.l5a10.56a1 2.45pI 4.22p l...ilJ.4up91.,,.,
Ar 8avannah...... .... ..-..... /-Oa ... ..12.10pll2.lop 4.05pj S.4ap ll.o9p-..---| l.la
Ar Charleston........................ ...........I....... 4.39pl......10.0oop I..............I t.i
FROM CHARLESTON, SAVANNAH AND JESSUP TO JACKSONVILLE.


; 23 I 13 I 35 I 35 I 37 I 31 I 33 I 15 ; zi


Lv Charleston..... ...........111.lp....... 5....... 5.14aj 6.30a .....................
Lv Savannah........... ... 2al.......| 5.20al 7.40al 9.05a10.40al I3.2p 5.0pl.......
Lv Jessup.... ............. I 5.10a| 6.40ai 7.3ail10.00aiU.24a1l2.57p 4.54p 6.45p...
Lv Waycross.............. | 3.45a| j.30a| 6.39a| 8.59a110.2a112.05p | 5.j1,i il.0Opj 8.40p
Ar Jacksonvillne ..... ....... I 7.30al 8.0Sal 9.25a111.50a1 1.00p! 2.35p| 7.40i10.00pi0. .
Jacksonville, Thomasville and Mont- Waycross and Brunswick.
gomery. Eastbound. Westbound


Northbound Southbound
78 i I |3 | I
7.48p S.00a LvJacksonvllle Ar| 7.30a 10.40p
10.15p 9.55aAr .Waccross ..Lv 5.lOa 8 40p
12.15a 12.12p Ar Valdosta 3.14a 6.45p
1.ali 1.40plAr Thomasvllle Lv 2.00a 5.30p
4.~ 9.20pIAr. Monte'ery .Lv 7.45p .25a


88__90_1 87I I89
9.sopI i.la|Lv. waycross Arlr.aji To.p
11.30p|10.15a Ar Brunswick Lvi 7.30a1 o.0p
Waycross and Albany.
Westbound Eastbou
89 I I 90


l0.4pl|10.10alLv. Waycross .Ar 6.46a| 7.40p
3.45a| 2.lOp[Ar Albany Lv 12.01a[ 3.45p
Connections made at Charleston with Atlantic Coast Line. At Savannah with
Southern Railway, Contral f O8Prgi&a Htailway, Osa Brltfmslp usOmpan and
Merchants and Miners Transportation Company. At Jesup with Southern Rail
way. At Montgomery with Louisville and Nashville Railroad and Mobile & Ohio
Railroad. At Abany with Central of Georgia Railway.
PLANT STEAMSHIP LINE- Steamships Mascotte and Olivette.
Mon., Thurs. and Sat..10.30p....Lv.. Port TampaAr..11.00a Tues., Thurs. and Sun
Tues., Fri. and Sun.... 3.00p....Ar..Key West.... Lv.. 7.00p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
Tues., Fri. and Sun..... 9.00p....Lv..Key West.... Ar.. 6.00p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
Wed.. Sxt. and Mon.... .M0a, ,Ar,,Havana...., Lhv..13, p Mon.,, Wed,.and Bat.
Information regarding schedules, through car arrangements, reservations, etc.,
may be secured upon application to
GEORGE H. PARKHILL, City Ticket Agent, 138 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville.
B. W. WRENN, Passenger Traffic Manager, H. C. McFADDEN, Div. Pass Agt.
Savannah. Ga. Jacksonville. Fla.


while his daughter plays on the piano.
He is extremely fond of music The
sultan dresses like an English guent:
man, but invariably in a frock coat,
the breast of which on great occasions
is richly embroidered and blazing wti
decorations. There are over 400 cooks
and scullions employed in the imperial
palace.

great deal of money during his life.
The late John Ruskin gave away a
Many years his annual income from
his pen alone was $30,000, but he lived
on less than a tenth of that amount.
Indeed, he used to say that a gentle-
man ought to be able to live on $5.00 a
day. If he could not, he deserved
RaeeBdily to d1,

NO ALMANAC DIRECTIONS NECES-
SARY.
"Spinning tope already, Johnny? How do
you boys know when to spin tops?"
"Aw, we sees 'em in the windows."
"And how does the toyshop man know when
to put them in the windows?"


"Aw, he sees us boys spinnin' 'em."-In.
diapapolis Journal.


"I feel as if I should fly to pieceA
Ho often these words are in a
man's lips. They express to the utter-
most the nerve racked condition of the
body, which makes life a daily martyr-
dom.
If this condition had come suddenly,
it would have been unbearable. But
the transition was gradual. A little.
more strain each day on the nerves.
A little more drain each day on the vi-
tality. Any woman would be glad to
be rid of such a condition. Every wo-
man tries to be rid of ft. Thousands
of such women have been cured by Dr.
pierce's treatment with his "Favorite
Prescription" when local doctors had
failed to cure.
favorite e Proscription" contains no
opium, cocaine, or other narcotic.

Plant your spring ads.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 175


LO3IDIANA.

The Tampa carnival fund has
reached the $2,000 mark, and still
grow. The business men generally
have responded splendidly in this mat-
ter, and the finance committee has thus
been relieved of a great deal of hard
work.
The dredging in the bay at Tampa
Is now going on day and night. The
* contract calls for its completion June
30th, and to do this the work is to be
pushed. The machines are working
constantly now, and the men are di-
vided into day and night shifts, to
keep things moving at the highest pos-
sible speed. Tampa is keeping close
S watch on this work, for deeper water
up to the docks means a great deal to
her.
A boy, hunting rabbits, near Palmet-
to Beach last week, made a ghastly
fnd of the corpse of a woman. He went
at once and reported the matter to
Sheriff Spencer, who went to investi-
gate. In the big march near Palmetto
Beach lay the body of a woman, al-
most completely covered by water.
The body was in such a state that it
was impossible to tell the color or na-
tionality of the woman, or the cause
of death.
The property of the Hotel Indian






Help...





Nature

BaN and children need
proper food, rarely ever media
ine. f they do not thrive
on their food something is
wrong. They need a little
help to get their digestive
mah wey working properly.



sconkg Or

or
RCODMER OIL
gnr *FMEm450aw


j


wil generally correct this
difficulty.
If youwill put one-
fouth to half a teaspoonful
Sn bby's bottle three or four
times a day you will soon see
a markd improvement. For
rr children, from half to
a tapoonhil, according to
age, dbolved in their milk,
if you so sire, will very
on show its great nourish-
ing power. If the mother's
milk does not nourish the


sion. t will how an effect
at once both upon mother
and clh
W .an .o-, alldruggkt. |
SCOT & OWNE, Chemists, New York.


River was sold last week at Rockledge
at public sale for $10,000 and the furni-
ture for $1,500 to O. A. Jewett. The
property formerly belonged to Mike
Dwycr, of Now York, and was sold by
order of the court on account of debts.
Port Tampa City has a new wrinkle
in the way of a law. It seems that ',
negro is allowed on the street after 10
o'clock at night without a pass signed
by Mayor Dempsey. The Herald re-
cently saw a pass issued to Stephen
Jones, a respectable and property own-
ing colored citizen, signed by the may-
or, and it is informed that if he ap-
pears on the streets of Port Tampa
City after 10 o'clock at night he must
produce his pass or be arrested and ta-
ken to jail.
It seems that Wayman King, who
was executed at Pensacola last week
for the murder of Victoria Watk:ns on
September 10, last, because she refuse 1
to marry him, was twice hanged u within
a half hour. The drop first fell at 1.;0;
p. m., and after the body had b:ingedr
trom the gallows five minutes, Coount
Physician McMillen pronounced hI.n
dead. The body was cut down, put ;n-
to the coffin, and carried into hl jaia.
There it was discovered that King was
breathing in spasmodic gasps ana gli -
ing utterance to smothered groan-. By
order of Sheriff Smith, Wayman King
was again taken to the gallows, a ia v
rope was rigged, the noose was iltted
around his neck, and at 1:29 p. in.,
the trap was sprung for the seoond1
time. In eleven minutes life was ex-
tinct, but the body was kept suspended
four minutes longer, to make sure that
he was dead.
Judge Jones kindly explained the ef-
fect of his decision in the fish case to
a representative of this paper, His de-
cision does not throw the door open to
seeing. The Osceola special act is un-
constitutional because it fixes a great-
er penalty than the State law does,
thus throwing fhe trial of cases into
the circuit court instead of the lower
courts. The Osceola act of 1899 makes
the maximum penalty $500 or one year.
The general act of 1899 makes it $200
)r six months. The Oceola act there-
fore is unconstitutional. But the State
law still prevails, and seining ;s still
unlawful.-Kissimmee Gazette.
Mr. F. G. Perkins, president of the
Planters' Manufacturing Company, ci
Lake Mary, is being urged to start a
branch factory at Ocala, and the citi-
zens of that town' are Damelng up the
board of trade in the effort to close a
contract with Mr. Perkins. In reply to
a communication with the Ocala Board
of Trade, Mr. Perkins has notified its
president that he will come to Ocala
within the next few days, hear their
proposition in detail and makh investi-
gations.-Sanford Chronicle.
E. D. Jordan makes a contribution
to Palatka's already pretentious list of
manufacturing enterprises in the shape
of a barrel hoop factory, which he has
Just put in operation half & bloEk soUth
of the old Florida Southern shops on
the railway track. A number of hands
will be employed in the factory, while
a new industry has been inaugurated
for those who furnish timber for the
manufacture of the finished and sal-
able product.-Palatka Advertiser.
Mr. Thomas A. Edison, the great
electrician and inventor, is visiting


THE MILLION DOLLAR POTATO.
Most talked-of potato on earth; the
next is the Sunlight; which is fit to eat
in 33 days. Send this notice and 5
cents to John A. Salzer Seed Co., La
Crosse, Wis., for their great catalog.


Floirida ERat Coast Ry.
TIME TABLE NO. 24. IN EFFECT FEB. 1 1900.


qStTTI I~o ON t Roo buwa.
No. 3i .1o. N.\o.n' 1,0.29 No.db
ailiy Vzriy Daily Daily Daily i
OX Mon. c.xJa
2 4 P. 1201, 625pl5AOW 935a6
3 45 pi 2 2,;p 9 25p I 0pi10 "
1 05P to) aft6
.~~ gi l~plOal
... ... 2lp12 k"
......... ..... .....
ft~vqti~m*! jl.. 'p , 1 i4 t U4 5a
-ilOpie~e
---- --- --- ... I lur,
81511
11111) 141P 114
ililip d 05p Ova I
..... ilip 316p I 1,ai
325p 131a.
1205a 841p 152pI
.... ....2lp.
L ...i.a 4Alop 25SpI

... ... 1 a ft
.... 527p 4 19p
41.Z '........ 5 3p45p
... ....... 50sp .
......... ...... ........557p.
I V 831a 700p a07p
.. ...... 6 4P.
.~lp
r............ ..... 61ft.
. ..... .. ... ... .. M
.4 ........
...... 5 40L 9065p824p
.....545a lop 8l2p I
...... .555. 9 8 39p
- la 9
_.. 658 10p.
0-413 ..... 9R4t
..i. 1117 4ia hI U


No.2B
Daily STATIONS.


Lv.XJkviile..As
Arb.A'g'tineLv
LvS.A'g'tincAr
,.Hastinqs.Lv
Ar.,Polaina.Ls
Lv..Palatka..Ar
Arhan Maieolv
LvSan MateoAr
LvE.PalatkaAr
"..Ormond. L'
"..Daytona."
".P.Orange."
N.Sx rna:
Tittisville
city Point:
S..GCocos...
R ockledsre"
"Ea (*alf~e "
Melbourne"
.Boseland."
"S.ebastian."
".St. Lucie."
.F. Pierce..,
Illshala.
S..Jensen..'"
...stuart..
W .Jupiter
W. P. B'ch'
ArP.B'ch Inn"
LvB. P'ciana"
'W.P.B'chkr
Boynton.Lv
...Delray.."

Ar Miami


'aran lu o uit sLOi at stations where timie Ai -_ _.


Between -New Smyrna and Orange
City Juntion.


i 'No.1 j STATIONS. No.2. No.4.
. l. Lv Newm rnma..Ar 327p 780
5lop lI ". Lake Helen..Lv 242p 600p
1 1 5 Or1ange Cilpty- iI 2 P
Iboij I Ar.anugeoy hlu. carl .Iul
All trains between New Smyrna and Orange
City Junction daily.
Between Jaek'ville and Pablo Beach.


a'Lv..... So. Jacksonville......Ar 6p
5UalAr. .. ..Pablo Beach........ Lv 515p
All trains bleIwvn co, Jaksonvillo and Pablv
Beach daily except Sunday.


(Re d Up) NORTH BOUND.
No., No.,4 No.a8 No.lb No.6 No. a
Daily y Daily Daily Daily Da
Sex S ex a
7 2p 7 p lOWp 7 a 11 45a
iC6p 6Sp 90up 6O0a10 aWp
60.p O.p 855p 64....... .....
lp P 8 p f ...... ........
itop 44ap 6 7-77 ...... ........
61up 61IVp ...... ...... ...... ........-
...T2Up ...................
512p 544p 8l2p 602a.
346p 435p 701p 4 [ 4


0lp 5p W~h6
a3 5p 42,p: 6a51p 484a B
25p 4 18p ....... ...
SOOp .p 62p 27 08a |g .
243p ......
1 5p 283p ...... ...
122p 22op ............
;243P 14p 48Tp...... &
123p I p 428p ..... .
11 56a ...... ...... ......
11 2a ...... ............
1103 ...... ...... ......
105621 P 805p1242a
10 21a ...... ...... ......
10 Ila .................
9 tla .... ...... ...... ,,,

8 ,a Slaopii20 p 1 5
8, jloa 10 10 040p
84., ai 20a liplp 1.45p
8 a S 95a1245.a aJ2p
745a ........... 950p U
6 5.a I 91Jp
a irs ........ 0 . 6
r: 'iw W> n -, s;v, -


Between Tituaville and Sanford.
No.11 STATIONS. No
S v........... Titusvie ..........Ar 1
7I1.a ..... Mims ........... LvT 1lp
----- --. -----. Oten. ............ 11 .
S "...........mtreriprU..i ;.;;.
9 0A ......Sanford ........ 00
All trains between Titusville and asafoed
daily except Sunday.
Thoae Timo Tabloes how tho time at whish
trains and boats may be expected to arrive and
depart from the several stations and ports,
but their arrival or departure at the times
stated is not guaranteed, nor does the Com-
PDny hold itself responsible for any delay or
any consequences arising therefrom.


Florida East Coast Steamship Co.
PROPOSED SAILINGS t
AMI-HAVANA LINE,
Leave Miami Sundays and Wednesdays................................................. H18 p. m.
Arrive Havana Mondays and Thursdays. .............................................. 8.00 p. m.
Leave Havana ""lesdays and Fridays ....................................................11:00 a. m.
Arrive Miami Wednesdays and Saturdays ...................... ............ 5:00 a m.
. MIAni-KEY WEST LINE. .
Leave Miami Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays................... .............. 11:0 p.m.
Arrive Key West Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays........................ .........12:00noon.
Leave Key West Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays................................. 8:00 p. m.
Arrive Miami Wednesdays, Fridays and Sundays ........................ .... .... 500 a. m.
. AMI-NASSAU LINE, .
Leave Miami I uesdays. Wednesday and Fridays (Standar` e).................... 0 p. m.
Arrive Nassau Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays...... .............
Leave Nassau Tueslays Thursdays and Saturdays (Nassa .)................... : 0 p.m.
Arrive Miami \\ ednewsavs. Friday and Sundays........ ........


The above e p ro.xed sailings during February and March.
Afler Apr~ ilt -incrr wii be two aoling per weor
For 'oly of local time card call a \West Bay street Jacksonville. or ailress
J. P. Bt' KWITH, Traffic Manager. .. D. RAHNBR. A. G. P. A.

SEND-jUS UNE DOLLAR
tL.dUl d. -4 e 5f t --UnL5 1* w... 51.00. ..as ke wh...u l.dl n t-ljhEW
il'KROVED ACAd Q'Ei PAhLOK ORuAi, byfrerhtC. 0 .,sljeet to
eamination. You can examine it at your nearest freight delpo
..nd if you find it exactly as represented, equal to orgAst t
retail at 1ro.O0 to $10s.O, the neatest value youever saw and
far oeter tuan organs advertised by others at more money, pay
thi. frtiMs sol .* tLA 00 a.;- ff.. P.", 521. 65
Ie t e tl. or tcu0. s) aZd fraht .lhbu
$31.75 IS OUR SPECIAL 90 DAYS' PRICE -th-e"E
dA by ohers. Buch an offer was never made beore.WSm
THW ACME OUEEN isoneofthemDst~ JslRA- wSwLraANB I
_ .J in.tru.ests ever ls. From the llutation shown, which
.is r::=red direct from atph i)orphyoucanformsomeideaotfi
beautiful appearance. M e s carter we
, antique fiih, handsomely decorated andornamented,
o.st ltjS9Istle. THE AgCR S ]XE iE6 feet 5 inches agh
atnss octaves, 1 stops. as M -follows U Ea ae,
ti onsis, otel celeba tedee, e B.. iCepr hrMonly
teopl, D ishoe. Frte o aV IsVermen oets lanueial
I Teas swell, 1 asd rg Swell 61, 4S _
gBaesaors e alty &eeds, 1' S Cl m Swer S i
aec, 1 Cst $r7cb' gly f R bMatlesis reD, 1 Sae
14 SitS NtlloWo siweet isa pass Horde 1 Set osf 2 Pe esslag
AoftC eliul. PrUise asl Reed&. T EACME Q EEN aU c
tion consist of the celebratedNlwel peed.ewhica re only
sed in the highest grade instruments; fitted with M
otd toSaplers said Vxs Sus.s, also best Dolge felt,
leathers, etc., bellows of the bet eo bber clotti, pl
bellows stock and finest leather in valves. Il
ACME QUEEN is fnr'shed with a 0xlt beveled
plate French mirror, nickel plated pedal frame.
and every modernmprovement. We rea Fues L W
oisseg stl a"d tbe bar sg' Iaraestlsa beoo gebliLed
GUARANTEED 25 YEARS. Vith every ACU
terms OanIN we
o repar it ftee ofchr e. Try it one month and
Swill refnu.d your money if you f not perfeetlJy
se5tefledC. o of these organs will be sold at $81. 1
O,"ER AT ONCE. DON'T DEIX .
Odk RELIABILITY IS ESTABLISHED lfyo
not dea. with us ssk your neighbor about uswrlte -
the publ-her of this paperor Metropoltan National .
Bank, or -rn Exchange Na' ank, Chicago; or German Exchange Bank, New York; or any ralra oaeor m
company in "bhieago. We bave s s sa avr $a o O.isi eene cup entIre one of the largest busing bl a
Chicago, ant 'mplo na 1.y 4S people tn our own building. WE IKLL 0 3 Al S S.e. aID aP; 111 05 6113
ald p also evRytlng in musical instruments at lowest wholesale prices. Write for free speal orn
and musicaL instrument catalog address. ( es. Kebak a CO. se )bs,-5s
SEARS' ROEPU0M. &t 00. (Ind.). Folea. Dosain. ma WaEmas Sti.. OHIOAQO. ILL.






17e THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
==.m -.


If you are already a customer, our goods have recommended themselves.
If you are not a patron, why not? We are giving you the best values for your
S money, we are located in the state and our interests are identical with yours.
We have our own orange groves and gardens where our fertilizers are practical-
S ly tested so that we are better able to supply goods that are especially
adapted to the requirements of our soil and climate.
Write and tell us how much you want and what it is for and we will quote
you bottom prices. Yours truly,
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
We furnish any and all kinds of Fertilizing materialss and Chemicals.






A High-Grade Fertilizer
MUST HAVFC

QUALITY! REPUTATION!


"TH'E IDEAL" BRANDS---
Ar HAVE THESE.-r H

Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following pi ices:
SIDEAL FRUIT AND VINE.................. $30.00 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops).......... $.7.00 per ton
IDEAL PTATMAN. $ tn IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.....$28.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE........ ......... $30.o per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............$30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER ..................... $aooo per ton
Alt ferilizer material at the lowest niarket prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT JZER COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
yigs Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $17.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, $44.00 per ton.