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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00011
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: March 14, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00011
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text


AL


W0 ULOR HC*


7*1NIT rEAr


Vol. XXVII, No. It. Whole No. 1361. DeLand, Fla., Wednesday, March 14, 1900.


$2 per Annum, in Advance;


For Florida Agriculturist.
Culture of Irish Potatoes.
A Well ettUd clover sod I& .onilhd
ered beet for potatoes. A pea sod is
doubtless also good. In either case
the soil at seeding time should be prop-
erly fertilized with a view of produc-
ing a rank growth of clover or peas
aa the cwe may be.
From actual experience I differ frow!!
most writers on the subject as to a
proper distance for planting. I he-
lieve that drills three feet apart and
single plants eighteen inches in the
drill plenty thick, and especially if the
soil be properly fertilized. Distance,
under proper conditions, wii invarl.
ably, increase the quality and quantity
of the potatoes. From seven single
stalks, where they had good distance,
I have grown a half bushel of jWtal-
toes the peed hav.lng been planted
' bout the 20th of June, and were also
properly mulched with a good coating
of oak leaves.
It has been found that potatoes
thrive beat in a temperature of about
80 degrees. Now, by planting in the
mid-summer and mulching, we ap-
proximate the proper temperature in
the early fall months, and for this sea-
son fall potatoes will largely excel inI
quantity and quality those planted in
eary spring, but for market potatoes
the latter may be more profitable.
As regards seed, any reliable seed
man can furnish second crop potatoes
that will not sprout to hurt before the
time for late planting arrlico. AMfte
you grow one crop you are all right,
as the June planting, if properly cared
for, will not sprout to hurt before the
time for the next June planting arriv-
es. I believe that seed from a previous
June planting will answer better than


second crop potatoes, but some exper-
imenting may be necesary to decide
this point.
By reason of danger from late frosT
it may be better to defer mulching the
spring planted potatoes until the dan-
ger of frost has passed. In this case
it will be well to give the potatoes a
good working immediately preceding
thl mnlhinf


er tested this simple mode for increase ing the plants for the first winter is
nug the quantity and quality of the $25.00.


Ipiatntu ra A norming wastte 9 the gur-
plus stalks may have prevented the
adoption of the plan, but if one stall-
will produce more potatoes than three
or four. it is really economy to pull
up and throw away the surplus stalks.
Rut I have found by an actual test
that the sprouts pulled off can be ad-
vantageously set out; they pri~dued
fine potatoes, but I did not make a
comparison between them and the ori
ginal. Some writers recommend bed-
ding the potatoes and drawing the
sprouts after the manner of sweet po-
tatoes.
When the potatoes are not .planted
on clover or pea sod it will be neces-
sary to use fertilizers. A well balanced
iiigtll~r blloulul mountain about thrrr
per cent. nitrogen, six per cent. phos-
phoric acid, and eight per cent potash
of which from seven hundred to one
thousand pounds per acre should be
applied. Instead of the above, a mix-
iure of 200 to 250 Puian t aolid phow
phate. 200 to 250 pounds sulphate of
potash and 250 to 300 pounds of cotton
seed meal per acre can be substituted.
In any. case, the fertilizer ought to be
well mixed with tile soil before plant-
ing time. Bryan Tyson.
Hallison, N. C.

Pineapple Profit.
The following article by Robert C.
Price. taken from the Sarasota Times.
will doubtless be interesting to pine-
apple growers:
So much has been said in regard to
the expense of raising fancy pineapples
in Florida, and the cost has been so
far from right, that I believe it my du-
ty to present the facts just as they
are, as I am able to verify every state-
ment I shall make in regard to the
cost of raising this luscious fruit.
One acre of land, cleared and
ready for planting........$ 100 00
Cover for one acre, which in-

cludes a fence seven feet
high surrounding the entire
acre, with trellis over the


When planted in June the mulch top .......... .... 566 00
mair fallow tg plntint. 8,500 plants to the acre, at 10
Where potatoes are to be niallIl6eI. la s -g.... .- : 9 B
I prefer to plant them shallow on a Labor for setting... ....... 42 00
well pulverized soil. I Fertilizer for planting...... 100 00
in conoluding thn article I wish to Fertilizer for the year...... 100
emphasize the necessity for thinning Lauor for the yeoat,..... --- 00
to one stalk. Whether tested on early
or late planted, I have never known Total............ .. .... $1.806 00
it to fall to materially increase the These figures include the care of the
size and quantity of the potatoes. Yet. pinery until the fruiting period begins.
the various writeft of the day on pota- Parties wishing to engage in the in-
to culture, such as C. I. Jordan in the dustry do not have to spend their time
Atlanta Journal, pas the matter by, in the pinery until just previous to the
from which I fnter that they have nev- fruiting season. The cost for protect-


Tlhr plant [! ro thoroughly mulched.
which protects them from the freeze
The second winter it will be necessary
to place a cover over the pinery con-
sisting of heavy cotton cloth, or can-
vas. and with about sixteen sheet iron
stops that cost $1.05 each, burning
coke for fuel, will maintain an average
IeaIt of about DU degree InsIdo wlhin
the thermometer on the outside will
be down to twenty-five.
Now it would seem to me with all
these facts before us, we can :':
freeze or no freeze, the business is ab-
solutely Rfif. It has also been said
that the business is an expensive one
to engage in. Perhaps the best way to
prove the expense is by quoting a few
figlltfl in tiouenntion with the profit-
I am informed by the pioneer in the
business that every plant will bloom
and fruit. This being the case, then it
is safe to say we will have 8,500 pines
to place on the market. In January,
iS thi fFuit was worth 80.00 per
crate with twelve pines to the crate.
and one year later, January 1900, this
same kind of fruit was worth $12.00
per crate, with a like number of pines
to the crate. Now, It will not take
much of a boy to figure up what the
crop is worth at the above prices, but
on the other hand we will say the crop
will only average 50 cents each; this
would make an income of $4,250 for
the fruit alone. At the same time the
pinre rLe growing the plants will
throw out shoots from three to eight to
the plant, which have a market value
of 10 cents each. .ow it is safe to
presume that four of these slips to the
plant would be a fair average to make.
but we will go it one better and say
that the average is only two to the
plant. This would make an Income of
$1,000 for sale of plants. Now add
this to the above estimate of your
crop of pines and you have the snug
sum of $5,950 for your investment.
It must be apparent to the reader
that the amount it costs to start the
business is small compared to the re-
turn received for investment. Our only
object in writing this is to place be-
fore the public the absolute facts just
as we ifhae BVtte, and in 6iii;l~!8 '
will voice the sentiment of one of the
brightest men of our times, Chauncey
M, Dopew, who says: "Nowhere in
the Union, nowhere in any country or
clime, can a man start with so little
capital with suh a certainty of sue-
cess, in such a variety of fields as in
Florida."

-..tp moet edaal pw *Bjajv.ub eq4 sn
-I.md 41 *eSuro'ApUB 4 qnrj Uald pu '
.0jo pasn aq tsm p=s doeaq s amli


The Bsiaing of roomcorn.
The land for broomcorn must be as
rich as for sorghum or Indian corn.
II Is prepared in the same maiimi-i.
manured alike, and in short, any land
that will produce Indian corn w:il
produce broomcorn.
The land should be plowed deeply
and well harrowed to a fine seed bed.
It is verF essential to have all the
lumlpa washed very fine, as the corn is
very tender when it first appears.
Plant seed about one inch deep. A
very little seed is sufficient, but it is
usual to plant more than Is allowed to
grow, then if in hill, thin to a stand of
six to ten stalks to the hill, of three or
four feet apart. If drilled, three to
five every yard. From two to eight
quarts of seed is sown per acre, but
one quart of perfect seed on rich soil
is sufficient
Prompt and careful attention must
be given just as Soon as the plants ap-
pear and kept up until they are two
to three feet tall, when they begin to
ahade the round ail san be allowed
to take care of themselves. As soon
as the flowers begin to shed pollen.
cut the brush with six inches of the
stalk on it. Take it to barn and spread
out thinly and straight, or hang up un-
der a garden roof. If a good markket-
able brush is desired, it should be kept
straight and cut at the right time, so
as to have a green brush. The seed is
very valuable as a stock food.-Farm
and Home.


Using Crows-out Saw.
When one man attempts the use of
a cross-cut saw made for the use of
two men, he is generally troubled with
a "wobbling" or vibratory motion of
the opposite end of the saw. This may
be remedied by taking a sapling about
an inch In diameter, splitting the end
of it and inserting one end of the saw
in the orevice. Then fasten with a
nail or piece of wire. Iplit the other
end in a similar manner, bend the .ap-
ling in the form of a semi-circle over
the back of the saw and fasten these
ends similarly as the first were fasten-
ed. Care must be taken to have the
sapling come squarely over the saw,
and toi hay ts lhas ~gs eni_ !g to
permit the sawing of the logs.-Ex.


Thousands of people are learning to
play the piano. There is no demlan flor
piano players; indeed, in some places
they are prohibited. But there is a de-
mand for clarinet players. A good
clarinet player is always in demand
and makes good wages. Why don't
some of the foolish people take clarluet
lessons?-Atchison Globe.








162 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Faers' Institute at Tallahassee. TnAh RNkSA -ftma


From the port of e Tallahassee-
an we copy some details of interest.
Professor Stockbridge announced his
subject as The New Money Crops of
Florida, and proceeded as follows:
Cotton.-For a good many years, and
up until about twelve months ago, Ihe
said, cotton had not been looked upon
as a money crop, but it Is to-day. The
general opinion seems to prevail, said
the speaker, that too many people maiy
go into the cotton-planting business (oi
account of the high prices, and depre- s
them by over production next fall, but
in his opinion the situation is one that
holds out extraordinary induconint.s
to the short-staple cotton growing sec-
tions of this State. The indications,
said he, are that prices will be 1h:;li
during the early part of the season, ev-
en if a big crop is male, hence Flo -
ida planters have an opportunity to,
reap the cream of the quotations with
early marketing.
The cultivation of the cotton crop.
he said, is an important factor in tlh:
State, where it nearly always encount-
ers a protracted drouth at some -
between planting and picking time.
Too much deep planting is injurious
By actual test the past year at the sta-
tion, they had demonstrated that con-
sant stirring of the soil with a sweep
by the side of the crop cultlvatel
the usual way had saved 128 barr;-
of water to the acre and increased the
yield 25 per cent. "That increase wv.
pay for a lot of mule feed and stir-
ring," he concluded.
Winter Vetch.-The subject of a win-
ter crop to act in the double capacity
of a fertilizer and to prevent lanlls
from washing was next taken up.
The common sand vetlh, he said, hadi
proven better than anything they coul I
get at the station. It will stand the
cold, grow luxuriantly in the winter.
and improve the land, if turned under
like pea vines. The plant belongs tw
the pea family, but is little known to
this section of the tSate, except to the
largest and most extensive planters.
Cane Syrup.-The speaker then too:
up sugar cane culture, and the manu-
facture of syrup therefrom. He again
urged the making of a standard qual-
ity of syrup. "Get a sample just like
you want your whole .product to be,''
he said, "then get a little stick not
much larger than a lead pencil; weight
it at one end with a buckshot, heat
your sample of 'syrup, drop the stick
in and cut a notch at the surface c:
the syrup, then boll all syrup made un-
til the stick will sink to the not!c
made on the same stick. In this way.
a product of even density Is secured.
Those who read our report of lih:
former talk here on the same subject
will remember that he also advise 1
Straining the juice through a fnl'
packed barrel of black moss to prevent
"working" or "fermenting," as it is
generally termed, and the use of three
drops of oil of vitriol to the gallon (,f
syrup to prevent sugar from forming
in the bottom of the barrel or vessel in
which it is put up. The latter is to be
put in while the syrup is hot and stir-
red in good. Open kettles should not
be used, for the reaboin that too nmu-!
is wasted thereby, and for the same
reason the cane should not go through
two rollers or one three roller mill.
which gives it two grindings.
Leon County Butter.-Dairying in
Florida was next treated by the
speaker, and his manner of doing it
resulted In a rather humorous
colloquy between tEe audience
and himself. If he was com-


By an expenditure of $3.75 the
yield of Tobacco was increased in
value $71.20 per acre, by the useof



Free information to be had by ad-
dressingJohn A. Myers 12-Y.John
St.,New York. iltrate for salk by
fertilizer dealers everywhere.
"Itfe a -e e er ULW f agL-0p.


misslonod to looK the world overi
he said, for a suitable place to go into
the dairy business, he would go no fur-
ther than Northern and "Western Flor-
ida: "The conditions here, and the op-
portunities offered, are the best in t
world," he continued in substance, "yet
I visited every grocery store in the city
this morning and only found Leon
county butter on sale at one plu,
and he could let me have only half
what I wanted to supply my own table.
I tell you, good people, you ought to
be ashamed of yourselves."
This declaration had quite a per-
ceptible effect upon the audience.
Some of them fllgeted, others snick
ed, and several voices at one time t.
claimed!
"They (the merchants) won't buy
butter from us."
"Go around, see the customers, make
up a list, furnish themyour butter, anl
1'll guarantee the merchants will be
glad enough to buy of you. But, :n1:
friends, 1 am afraid it is like on-
merchant told me this morning. All
of you have butter to sell in the suim-
imer, when there is not so much de-
mand for it, and by winter time, wi.
tle demand comes on, you are ilishea t-
ened, have allowed your cows to g:
dry, and have no butter to sell. You
should not trust to Providence to have
fresh cows when it so wills, but by
observations and attention regulate
that to suit the butter selling season."
Tile next subject handled was cas-
sava. This, he declare. is one of the
best crops that can be grown in the
State. It is worth, the speaker said,
five dollars a ton at any railroad st:
tion, and eight tons average can Ilb
grown to the acre. That is for starch
niUkiag purpw*e, but a* feeWltuffs it
is much more valuable. As an experi-
ment he went to Jacksonville, he said,
and purchased five wild steers. In tell
days, feeding them on cassava, they
had put on 516 lbs. of flesh, which at
41/2 cents is $23.22 clear profit on five
steers in that short time. Steers worth
$12 and $15 can be easily made to
bring $30 and $35. If the local market
is not sufficient, my friends, you are
much closer to the packing houses of
Chicago an)I St. Louis than the Texas
range, which is now supplying them."
"But freight rates are too high,"
sid Mr. G. G. Gibbs.
"That is the very reason why you
should have a Farmers' Institute," re-
torted Professor Stockkbridge. "West
Florida's rate last year on melons was
50 cents per hundred pounds. Then
thle Agricultural eSolety of that seW-ti'
was organized to take the matter of
freight rates up with the Louisville &
Nashiville Railroad, and this year. n-
a result, their rate is 23 cents."

Grafting of Pruit Trees.
It is conceded by all practical fruit
growers that this operation is best per-
formed just before the sap begins to
now, where a limited number or trees


are to be so treated, in the open air.
This is, therefore the proper time to
graft such trees that do not produce
fruit of a desirable quality. Some tree.,
are foul upon nearly every farm
Which might be profitably top grafted
with a better sort. While the art of
Grafting was known to the earliest hor-
Sticulturists of which we find a record
in the early writings of Pliny aln
Colamelle, early in the Christian era.
there are very few persons, even
among our agricultural classes, that
have a sufficient knowledge of the pro-
cess.
There are various modes of grafting.
some being of little value to the averr.
age fruit grower and only intended for
grafting plants in greenhouses.
Small twigs or branches which are
required for grafting are termed cions
and should be cut from the matured
wood of the past summer, in other
words from one year old wood and not
of two year old growth. Cut the clones
from three to four inches long, the
length must be governed by the d:s-
tance the buds are apart, not less than
two buds should be required. The best
form of graft to be used in top graft
ing is the cleft graft. This can I. 1
applied to side branches as well as 1(
the main stem of old trees. Cut off
the branch at a point as near the main
stem as possible, split the branch two
inches deep, but leaving the edges of
the bark smooth. Cut the lower end of
the cion wedge shape and insert oni
the side of the branVh, being careful to
place the bark of the cion even with
the bark of the branch. It Is absolute-
ly necessary that the bark of coin and
stock meet at some point. Where
large branches are to be worked two
grafts may be inserted, one on each
side. In this case a wedge of lhair
wood is inserted In the middle of thl.
cleft and removed as soon as the cions
are placed in position. Where branche.:-
are small it is advisable to tie thi
grafted part to prevent the cions Iw
ing displaced. Use a thin strip of cot-
ton cloth, but when the new growth
has well started this tie should le (cr
off to prevent Its cutting into Ilh
branch. After the cions are put iin
place, cover the wounds with grafting
wax; if the cleft admits air the graft
will fail. Grafting wax is made by
hliating together one pound of irs.u
one-half pound of beeswax and one-
fourth pound of tallow. Apply this
when sufficiently warm to spread even-
ly, but not too hot, as in that case the
cion is often injured.
After the cion has started in growth
at every bud, rub off all but the strong-
oet one. All shoots which appear upon
the stem and branches of the tree be-
low the grafted parts must be careful-
ly rubbed off, otherwise they will
check the growth of the graft.
When grafting wax is not available
a substitute may be used; this is made
with strong clay and a small quanti-
ty of fresh cow manure. It must 1h.
well worked over several times before
sing. To make it retain :i 'irm holdl
a little fine cut grass is added. The
wounds shoulWd be well covered with a
ball of this composition.
We have only alluded to olott ginft
ing, because it is the simplest form and
requires less experience than -lher
methods which are upon the whole
but modifications. Crown grafting i-
done without splitting the stock; tlhe
cion is cut or shaved sloping ou one
side and inserted under the bark
which is divided from the top of the
stock. Triangular crown grafting is
preferred by many fruit growers, be-


In the East childlessness is considered
a curse from the gods. It is a pathetic
sight to see some childless Hindoo
mother prostrate before an idol, implor-
ing that the curse of childlessness may be
taken away.
Are we much
wiserthan the
heathen?
Thousands of
childless
r' women are
i not as they
I suppose nun-
der Nature's
ban, but are
sufferingfrom
a diseased
condition of
the delicate feminine organs. It may be
debilitating drains or female weakness,
and perhaps an ulcerated and inflamed
condition of the parts. In any case the
diseased condition must be removed and
a healthy condition established before
the maternal function can be fulfilled.
Many a mother acknowledges her debt
to Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription, and
to its inventor Dr. R.V. Pierce, of Buffalo,
N. Y., who invites the sick to write and
consult him without charge. "Favorite
Prescription" promptly allays irritation,
heals ulceration, checks the debilitating
drains, cures female weakness and the
accompanying bearing down pains. It
gives vitality and elasticity to the organs
Speculiary feminine, and establishes the
natural conditions which' make for the
easy birth of healthy children.
There is nothing just as good foryo
as "Favorite Prescription. Don't be
put off with a substitute.
I have never written you how gatefal I am
t you for your help in curing good health and
one of the sweetest, dearest thirteen pound girls
that ever "came into a home," writes Mrs. M.
Vastine, of 647 South Liberty St., Galesbnrg, m.
"When I wrote you about my ailments I was
living in Richland, Iowa. I took six bottles of
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription, four of the
'Golden Medical Discovery' and four vialsof
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets. Before I had taken
four bottles of the Favorite Prescription' I was
new woman. I cannot make pen decarilb my
heartfelt gratitude."
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets regulate
the stomach, liver and bowels.

cause instead of splitting the stock as
in cleft grafting a triangular incision
is cut in tie side of the stock and the
cionl which is cut to fit this, is inserted
so as to cause the bark of the cion and
stock to come in contact. This form
requires that the cion be securely tied
by thin strips of cloth or bass bark.
There are also saddle, tongue an
whip grafts. The latter two are ex-
tensively used when working mIni'
seedlings and are made by using stocks
and cions as near a size as possible.
Cut both stock and clon with a slope
two inches long; make a small split
midway so as to form a tongue and
insert stock and cion, tieing both to-
gether with any material that will not
cut into the bark when the graft is
growing, especially if the grafted part
is planted below the surface of the
soil, as is usually the case with this
method.
An excellent material for tieing
grafts is made by using the inner bark
of the tulip or popular tree, which is
put in water for two or three weekly,
when the fibrous part is easily re-
moved from the soft an)l useless por-
tion.-P. .T. Berckmans in Atlanta Jon -
nal.

THE MILLION DOLLAR POTATO.
Most talked-of potato on earth.
Read its story in Salzer's catalogue
which is sent you, together with 10
Farm Seed Samples, upon receipt of
this notice and 10 cents. John A. Sal-
zer Seed Co., La Crosse, Wis.

Stockmen are now taking things
easy; they had their period of alilu-
ence and then their downfall, but they
are on top again.

When you find a successful farmer.
you will find a man who has made a
study of the business.








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 163


Farm Operations in Mrch.
The month of March Is a busy one
with the Florida farmer, being the
main seeding month of the year. The
first of the month should fnd all lands
plowed thoroughly and everything in
the shape of trash and all vegetable
matter turned under. If heavy rains
interfered with preliminary work all
lee way should be made up as soon as
possible. All the garden vegetables
should be planted as early in the month
as possible, particularly beets, carrots,
radishes, spinach, salsify, kohl-rabi,
mustard, parsley, cress and all hardy
and semi-hardy crops. The earlier let-
tuces should be sown early in the
month to get a good start before hot
weather, the Royal Cabbage variety
is the best. Towards the end of the
month all the varieties of beans should
be planted; they are somewhat tender
and in planting them it is advisable to
give them as dry and warm a bed as
possible. If the land is wet, cold and
soggy, better wait a few days longer.
Squash can be planted by the last
week In the month. Cucumbers should
go in by the twentieth if possible.
The first of the watermelon crop
should be-planted by the middle of the
month and a planting made every two
weeks from then until the first of May.
thus prolonging the season. The same
remarks apply to the cantaloupes.
w that both watonmolons and cants.
loupes are so located that they get the
morning sun in its full strength, and
the crop will be earlier and of a bett"
quality. Pumpkins should be plann'!
extensively, as they are a very profit-
able crop. The Japaneaee Pie Pumpkin
is my favorite; it is the best all-round
pumpkin on the market to-day. The
main crop of corn should be planted
ti- lihe 14th of the monfh. If ulnnttil
then, the crop will be out of the way
and all in the barn before the wet
weather of late July and early August
gets around. All sorghum, millet and
all varieties of fodder crops should go
in this month to do their best. Sugar
cane must be all planted before the
10th of the month to do its best,
Caessav not later than the o2th of the
month. It should be planted, how-
ever, If the soil Is too wet or cold.
better delay a few days and get the
land In good order, as this is a very
particular crop regarding its bed at
planting time. A few Irish potatoes
may be planted the first week of the
month, if hot weather doesn't set li
too early, they may make a remuner-
ative crop even this late.
If the sweet potato bed was not made
and the potatoes budded last month.
do this at once. Get a warm, sunny
location for this bed, as it is of great
importance that the crop gets a good
start, being one of the most profitable
orops of the South. Fruit trnra can
still be planted and the strawberry
bed should be well looked after, espec-
ially if the weather remains cool and
dry. In fact continual vigilance and
thorough planning ahead of the var-
ious items is necessary to insure the
best success in the years crops; if this
Is ddBu and any otinmary energy
brought to bear at the proper stages
of the crop' growth, the Florida far-
mer may rest assured of a reasonable
return for time and labor spent on his
crop.-C. K. McQuarrie in Laurel Hill
Gasette. ,

Plant IAter.
In view of the recent cold snap,
which has undoubtedly more or less
damaged the truckers of Dade county.
I wish to cal attention to the plan of


late planting, as against the early. fied production-Is suggested as one
Nearly every winter we are liable to means to the end that Florida oranges
have damaging frosts from December may be cultivated profitably in the fu-
20th to February 20th. Our truckers ture.
usually begin planting in November, "The production of trees of shorten-
and are caught by the cold. Every ed growth is claimed to have been
man, so far as I can learn, who put in widely extended in Southern Spain in
a crop last winter, after February 20th order that the damage from the hot
made money. One man in Boynton, winds from Africa might be avoided.
to my knowledge, cleared $1,050 from i In the Azores the height of the trees
one and one-half acres of tomatoes. i is limited to twelve or fourteen feet.
Early planting, even if successful. In Corsica the citron is said to be kept
will bring the crop into market abo:t down to a height from which it can be
February and March, when shipments conveniently protected with mats or
are liable to damage enroute, and not blankets. An instance is cited by our
in the best demand in the northern Florida contemporary of an orange
markets. Late planting puts the cro preserve near Genoa, Italy, of twelve
into the market in April and May. acres, protected in winter with boards
avoiding cold enroute to markets, and and glass and yielding a revenue of
when the North is craving for spring many thousands of dollars per acre
vegetables, each year. It has been pointed out
The success of the latter plan has that sheep are raised in the hills of
been amply demonstrated the past two Scotland without any protection, but
winters. Nearly every planter coined it is also to be remembered that hot-
money, arti it was the same the winter house lambs are raised in the Norrhern
previous.' April and May crops will, States of this country at handsome
as a rule, come in ahead of those from profit to the growers. The Agricultural
other Southern vegetable points, and Department some time ago announced
almost invariably put big money in its discovery of a small Japanese or-
the pockets of our truckers. Hence, I ange tree, with which the American
should say, go slow with the early orange might be crosed, producing a
planting. Prepare the ground and hardy fruit and good flavor. The Japa-
have plants ready, but do not start the nese tree, like many other products of
business in earnest until February 20th the same soil of that country, partakes
and success is almost a certainty.- of the nature of a dwarf. It would
Wilmon Whilldin in the Tropical Sun. seem possible that such a tree might
-- with profit be introduced in Florida,
NINETY-EIGHT PER CENT. and perhaps in sections further North,
There is a fascination about big to the end that a sure crop of oranges
profits to a business man. But the cn- may bo gathered in the South Atlan.
servative and cautious trader prefers tic States. If, as seems possible, inten-
to have the lesser per cent. of interest siftedd or improved horticulture ihli
and the larger per cent. of safety in furnish a guarantee of steady crops of
his investments. There is no business this fruit, Florida growers might well
man who would not consider it a embrace the opportunities offered
+3 A (nI -t in an on them."


Wl1116 traUIIn Ry = --.- ; .
terprise in which absolute loss was Im-
possible and which offered ninety-eight
chances in a hundred of a rich profit.
The statistics of cures effected by Dr.
Pierce's Golden Melcal Discovery,
show that ninety-eight per cent. of
cases of "weak lungs" can be abso-
lutely cured. Almost, if not all forms
of physical weakness may be
traced to starvation. Starvation- saps
strength. The body is just as much
starved when the stomach cannot ex-
tract nutrition from the food it re-
ceives as when there as no food.
"Weak lungs," bronchial affections.
obstinate coughs, call for nourish-
ment. "Golden Medical Discovery"
supplies that nourishment in its most
condensed and assimiliable form. It
makes "weak lungs" strong, by
strengthening the stomach and organs
of digestion which digest and distrib-
ute the food, and by increasing the
supply of pure blood.

Bomoe BuggoUotii ai f PifAiig
Florida Fruits.
Apropos of the damage Florida
crops have sustained from the recent
freezes, Bradstreet's has some timely
suggestions. It says:'
"On the theory that it is an ll wind
DeoDle. the recurrence of cold waves.
that does not convey good to some
which in the past have blighted the
hopes of Florida orange producers,
which have been heard of with regret
in Northern markets, where that
States' fine fruit is highly esteemed,
may in time bring about a change in
the system of orange growing which
will be highly profitable to.the Florida
orange interests. The reforms propos-
ed are, most of them, matters of culti-
vation. The growing of smaller trees
and better care, in other words intensi-


Mt. Joy, Pa., Feb. 24th, 1900.
Dr. Earl S. Sloan, Boston, Mass.
Dear Sir:-During twenty-five years
experience in the horse business, I
have used many kinds of Liniments
but have dropped all other kinds en-
tirely now and use only SLOAN'S. I
consider it the BEST. I handle mostly
Western horses and find that an appli-
cation of your Liniment to the throat
and your Fever Remedy taken inter-
nally will stop the "shipping" cough
and cure chills and lung fever, I
would not think of doing without eith-
er. Neither would I thinb of being
without Sloan's Quick Cure in my
stable and in my house. I used one
package of your Worm and Tonic
Powders about a year ago on my 17
year old family horse and he has look-
ed like silk ever since.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) Z. W. Keller.

As the Florida Representative of
the large International Publishing
Company of Philadelphia and Chicago,
I am prepared to offer extra induce-
ments to LADIES and GENTLEMEN
to work for them both by offering
large commissions and PIEMIIMS.
also both to the agent abd purchaser
of bookli Isaac Morgan,
State Agent
Kissimmee. Fla.

Feed the stock regularly at the same
time each day and conduct everything
about the farm systematically.

TO CURE A COLD IN ONE DAY,
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tab-
lets. All druggists refund the money
if it fails to cure. E. W. Grove's signa-
ture on every box, 25e. 1.


THE NEW SEED LAW.
Approved May 19, 180, makes it unlawful for
any person to sell or offer for sale any arden,
Melon or Vegetable Seed unless the same are
in packages bearing on the outside in plain
letters a guarantee certificate of when. where
and by whom the iscd were grown,
Penalty not less than $s, nor more thas
$100 fine.
J. B. Sutton, Seedsman, Ocals, Fla., sells
seed under his trade-mark a above, bearing
the ot;frieti rftuil4 b liawi be1de all
seeds are tested and the certifiete bears date
of test and percentage of germination. Send
to him for price list. Wholesale and retail.



S=86860

m hbeserwed esee Nre fs
m 1s llSAUMM &A Il. .

1.taID CXTRACT OP SIOKX.
AM Imprvoement oe the smoke-hoens se
Presertvi Moata,
Bmoklin meats in a smoke-house with all its
delay dannoyance and the constant dan-
ger of thieves getting the
qmesif bq.ig apidij done

Sacnted with the elen-
lnem, saty and mrving of
time that come from uas
the Qld rctof Smoke prep d
by. Krmuser Bro., of Mton, P.
The liquid In applied with a brouh or
a spone and the meats can be hung in a
S tarr or other safe place, away from
fIevr, ether bar-legged or two-lge
SKnummr' LIquid Extract of Smoke to
prepared from selected hickory wood.
comtlalnu the mame Ingredienta that preserve
msst whem the iwed i buried tadr t Isn
Smok-hoe. It mproem the flavor o meat,
in perfetly healthful and is a better safeg1uard
aginist in ls than the old way of smoking.
The manulotrerswill mend circuwa to any
one Interested.

S n.l.. f ne oel. t"- r meua
ft IYROYAL PILLS
LTRUSAO U
sarg.I s''" rell OI.Uk
W.w.at" nie U ribbo.. Take
| lau r ** jta iurilh uj
.4 .. 7==10.a
te ca
X t i Bsi us ~, 'te b l lso n nt
JC u 1 IL W.O. *<*d1* APO



TRUSSES, 9e $1.25 AND UP



W ansutl sawel i m1SS T1t m m1e.


sto? our b ,t- d, > howlon g yo ave bee
st rscrear Rui, isA the otbfr'--i
Is,, s..u u r s"n

stable von? Wi= Ws ptureA, ho ong you have bett
number nies around the body on a line with the
rapture, ,IV whether ru= s on riglt or left shim,
and we *i send either ke to you with the lmde-
*tanding. Vi l neot a swet *i *o 1 to n s ast
renrs t lre ttame er prieou i aesten n it sd we
will return your money.
WRITE PFO FlES TrUM CATALOGUE fdi fies
*..tvo le*udlag the Now iemw a m
=a. t sA I iO l wUCK Co.ll
99 AUS, & 0ROEuUOK


FARMERS
S. OF FLORIDA


Our Cultivator is the best
on the market and saves
more than 6 the'time, and
neatly all hand work.
Crops stand dry weather
zoo per cent. better. Let
us tell you all about it. Spe-
cial price to first customer.
D. Y. HILLOCK & SONS,
Bex 883. York, Pa.
I - --- --- I


"'


* *








14 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


PehaM Gultn in FlOrlid,
While a majority of the orange
growers in those sections of Florida
not situated below the imaginary frost
line are still bewailing the repeated
destruction by cold of their orange
sprouts and their hopes, the p)rogree-
sive minority are casting about for
something less risky on which to ex-
pend the remaining cash and energy.
and are finding that pecan raising of-
fers great inducements, while the risks
are so small as to be almost unwor-
thy of consideration.
The pecan tree resembles its cousin.
the well known hickory tree, in bark.
foliage and straight trunk, but the
branches are more spreading and tihe
height less. It grows rapidly and is
very long-lived, sometimes increasing
in productiveness for fifty years. It
Is found growing wild in many of tli
Southern States, and thrives in the vai-
ley of hMiapei i a far nprth as low::
and along the Missouri, Wabash n:
rivers of Arkansas and Texas, where it
grows to great size. Trees measuring
60 feet across the tops and having
trunks three or four feet in diameter
are seen in these rich river bottoms.
Although the-pecan prefers the rici'
soil mentioned above, it will also dc:
well on high, sandy soil if given prop-
er care.
In comparing the raising of pecan
nute with orange growing, wo fnld wv.
eral points in favor of the pecan.
The pecan tree is perfectly hardy ii;
Florida, Is entirely free from disease.
and has very few insect enemies. The
crop Can W9 held a reasonable length
of time it the state of the market
makes it advisable to do so; it is not
injured by an excepted freeze be-
fore gathering time, anaU the coUst.lt
transportation to Northern markets is
low in comparison with the value of
the crop.
So little is known by the majority
of readers about pecan culture, and so
great is the desire to learn, that the
wildest eraggertlons, when found In
the columns of a reputable paper, a;l
allowed to pass without an objection.
Such should not be the case. Facts
are wanted, not fancy figures. Misrep-
resentations are misleading, and Intei-
eated riTdcro aohuld sartlUfiy InvouttL
gate such communications and insist
upon correct statements.
Some writers advocate the raising of
seedling pecan groves because of the
low price of the trees and it. would;
Seem on first thought to be an econom-
ical undertaking, but before deciding
to follow such advice, let us give a lit-
tle time to considering the results ob-
tained from budded and seedling trees.
The first cost is the only point in fa-
vor of the seedling, and the fact that
seedling trees can be bought for 10
ets each, while improved trees '(we use
the shorter term for budded and graft-
er trees, cost from 50 cts to $1.00 per
tree, is quite a clincher, Out now come
the other facts in the case, viz.:
The seedling trees require the same
work and expense each year in raising
that the improved tree does, and the
latter comes into bearing in four or
six years, while the former takes from
ten to fourteen years to reach that
point and a considerable number of the
seedling trees never bear. Some seed-
ling trees do not bear every year, while
improved trees seldom miss a year af-
ter coming into bearing.
A full grown, bearing tree will yield
from one to five barrels of nuts, aver-
aging one hundred and twenty pounds
to the barrel. Some writers claim as
high as seven barrels to the tree, but


HAVE YOU DYSPEPSIA ?

(SCIECB CALMS IT CATABRH OF THE 8TOAC L]


we have had no opportunity of veri-
fying the statement.
The nuts from the best varieties are
large, with thin shell and well filled,
the kernel being rich and sweet with
a fine flavor, while in comparison the
nuts from the majority of seedling
trees are inferior in size and quality.
The nuts produced by the improved
trees are true to the name, making a
uniform crop of fine quality which is
readily marketed at a good price, while
the seedling nuts are of all sorts and
sizes and consequently will bring only
a low prices
The prices of pecan nuts range from
8 or 10 cents per pound for the lowest
grade to 40 and 50 cents per pound for
the paper-shell or garden nuts, as the
best quality is called in Eastern mar-
kets.
When some one advises the raisin.-
of a seedling pecan grove, inquire if
he has seedling pecan trees to sell, and
if the reply is a negative, ten bear in
mind the probable fact that he not
well informed on the subject.
Right here we will state that the
writer of this article has neither seed-
ling nor improved trees for sale.
The Budded or Grafter Treeo.-In
starting a pecan grove much time and
labor, as well as disappointment, wll
be saved by the using of only improv-
ed trees of the best varieties, purchas-
ed from a reliable dealer. This last
point is an important one, and should
be remembered.
If one must, however, start with a
small capital, it is best to buy as many
improved trees as the funds will allow
and enough Bedlings to 1111 the grot-o.
then, after a year or two, change the
seedlings by budding or grafting from
the improved trees.
Some of the best varieties are Stu-
art, Van Deman, Curtis's No. 2, 3 an
4 Centennial lFrot holer oegg-shell


and Columbia. im Dade Stegeman, Superintendent least distrs, sleep wall, ad, traM
the Chicago North Side Woman's of the living skeleton I was, I am now
In this section Van Deman and Cur- L0ub, of Chicago,n a rent letter toDr. a beelthy, Sdehy woman. Tid was to
tiss No. 2 have proven very reliable, HatUan, peakl of Pe-ru-na a follows: 1UM snd I have continued well eT
while some of the other varieties have Pe-rn-na has often been used by the miae. I have not been without yor
been later in bearing and less prollne. members of our club in cases of msomach rem y l th honen alaM mI y eTwMVy,
The pecan will grow on any soil, ex- trouble and general debility-also re- I advie alU saers todo a I di dad
cept springy, boggy land where water utly in cases of la grippe, and always be mared.
stands near the surface, or where the with the mostbeneicial results. I think Mr. John VP thlt says: "Pe-rw
soil is underlaid with ledge rock at a a great deal of Pe-ru-n--otten reoom- has saved my tII For Ave years the
soil s uderlaid with ledge rock mend it to my friends, and am glad to bestdoetors had pronounced me Incur-
sliiht depth. my Ull Who Phar tie t 4 ak a good able. I safded
The old theory that pecan trees can- word for it." *rih 6t 463t1u-
not be transplanted because the cutting Mrs. Emily Oaron, Aufterlits, tion *C dsease--
of the taproot spoils the tree, has long Mich.,ays: palpitation of the
since been exploded. Some who under- I Dr. 8. B. Hartman-Dear Sr: I had hart, nervomusne
stand the business now claim that in- been troubled with dyspepsia and idi- weakness and dyw.
stead of injuring the tree, the cutting gestion for many years, and was very pepsi. A tew
much reduced in flesh. I could not eat bottles of PF-ra-n
of the tap root fifteen or twenty inches saything with. and Man-a-lin
below the surface at the first trans- outthegSatest cured me. PF.r.
planting causes the head of the tree distress after- na cannot be Mr.
to become more compact, while the ward.My food beaten. I give OarC hahU
new taproots, which soon grow in would come up yor medicine to
place of the o-e cut off, support the W land my stom- my children for the varou lttle al-
tree equally as well as the original ?ch became mentswhich anoylittle one and th
one veryweaktrom result is that they ae never siok, but
one. fasting, as I always strong and healthy. I have
If one wishes to begin by raising the preferred to go gained forty pounds dino taking
trees from seed, select a fertile place grq without food P-ru-na."
for the nursery, plow deep and bring rather thansuf- So many people have what is ealed
the soil to a good condition by thor- for the conme- dyspepsia without having the slightest
ough working. Drop the nuts ten or enoa. I could get no rest by day nor supiolon that eatrrh of the stomach is
twelve inches apart in furrows two or seep by night. I tried everdyreme the ca Such popl tk pp and
Sadvertised for the oure of dyspepsia a thoulmnd other thing., vainly hoping
three inches deep and four feet apart. without the least benefit. At last I got to get well But the eatarrh remain,
Cover the nuts and make the ground a bottle of Pe-ru-na. I confess I had no and of course the dyspepaia renmas.
level, then keep from weeds and grass. faith in it, as I had been so often disap- Pe-ru-na ures these eae permanently
In some localities rats and squirrels pointed; but in a day or so I felt much by removing the eause, which iso eatrrh.
are troublesome by digging up the Improved. Food did not distress me u Pe-ru-na ha cared more cse of dy-
nuts if they are not well covered, but before. I continued its Ue and, after pepsia than any eay in the
in Florida the only trouble will be with using a down bottles, I was a well world. Addrem Dr. Lartms, COoal
the ants. They sometimes eat the ker- wman. I an et anything without the bu, Ohio, for a fre book.
nel as soon as the nut opens.
In Florida the nuts should be plant- nursery space, where the tree can low the surface. This may be done
ed soon after ripening in the fall. The have more room, but if it is not liable with a sharp spade after throwing out
plant will grow eight to fifteen inches to be crowded it may remain in the 1 some of the soil near one side of the
the first year. When one year old row. In either case it is advisable to tree.
transplant, if desired, to the second cut the taproot about fifteen inches be- The best time to transplant pecan


118 DADN TlUMAR OF CHICAGO.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 185


trees is as soon as possible after the
leaves talk
The second year from seed is the
best time for budding. The tree is
then one inch or less in diameter, with
a thin bark that is easily managed.
The time to bud is in July and August.
as the bark on both tree and budwood
is then in condition to split easily.
The only method of budding which
has been successful with pecan trees
is the annular method,
With a sharp building knife cut a
ring of bark one inch in width from
around the tree to be budded, being
careful to cut only through the bark.
Using this ring for a pattern, cut a
piece of the same size from the branch
to be used as budwood, and having in
its center a well-developed eye or bud
Fit the piece of bark from the improv-
ed tree nearly into the space left bare
on the seedling and wrap firmly above
and below the bud with waxed cloth
to hold the piece in place. Leave the
bud uncovered. If the operation is suc-
cessful, the bud will usually start in
two or three weeks.
A modification of the annular meth-
od consists of cutting a patch of bark
about one inch square and containing
an eye from the budwood and insert-
ing it in a space of the same size cut
in the bark of the seedling, then wrap-
ping with waxed cloth as before meiu-
tioned. In this way if the bud does not
"takes," the portion above the cut is
not killed, which would be the case if
the cut was made entirely around the
tree and the bud failed to take. An-
other advantage is that the tree n au
the budwood neeo not be exactly tin
same size, thus making it possible to
use smaller branches of the budwooil.
Budwood should be one-half inch o
more in diameter and fresh from thet
tree.
Some time the bud remains dormant
a long time and then begins to grow,
In uIaGh cass a maAkod depression in
the bark below Indicates that the bud
has taken, or in other words that the
portion of the bark has grown to the
tree, and growth of the bud will follow.
When the bud shows that it has tak-
en well, remove the wrapping and cut
the wood above the bud back to six
or eight inches. When the bud has
made a growth of ten or twelve inches.
cut back again to within one inch of
the bud. After the new wood is well
grown, this small piece may be trim-
med off to make a smooth surface.
To bud pecans successfully, one must
not only know the method, but he
must be deft of hand and careful con-
cerning the seemingly insignificant de-
tails. Even then If 75 per cent. of the
bud live; it may be considered very.
successful work, and one may be well
satisfied to get even 50 per cent. Graft-
ing is done during the latter part of
February and March.
The trees or branches to be grafted
should be from one inch up to three
or four in diameter. Terminal ends
four or five inches long and as large as
a lead pencil are used for scions. The
grafting is done in the usual way, but
is not as successful as fruit tree graft-
ing Fifty per cent of living grafts
is considered a good result, and it is
quite as likely to run as low as 25 per
cent.
.Considering these things, is it any
wonder trees are not as low-priced an
orange or peach trees?
After buds or grafts are well estab-
lished, the growth is usually rapid.
and it is often necessary to tie the ten-
der new growth to stakes to protect it


from being broken by the wind or its
own weight.
In the grove of Dr. Curtis of Ordnge
Heights, we have seen one year buds
measuring one and one-half inches in
diameter, and six feet in height. A
Grafts in the nursery measured six
in diameter and ten feet in height.
Grafts in the nuresry measured six
feet and nine inches in height. while
on other trees in the grove, one-year
grafts measured ten and fifteen feet
In this grove are two trees seven years
old that shows plainly the dif-
ference in the results between
seedling and Budded trees. Both
have had the same care, and, being
near the barn, have been pushed to do
their best. The budded tree has
borne nuts four years, only a few the
first year, and increasing each year.
the last year's crop being twenty-fivt
pounds The seedling bore its first
nuts (perhaps fifty) last year. Fifty
nuts for the seedling and fifty pounds
for the improved tree.
One three year old bud in the grove
had more nuts last year than the sev-
en year seedling.
The grove is on flat pine woods, clay
subsoil, about three feet from surface.
No change in the growth of the trees
or the quality or quantity of
nuts. when the taproots reach the
play, 1i noticeable. There are about
ten acres in the grove. Age of trees
from five years up to thirteen years. I
cannot tell the yield per acre, as when
a seedling begins to bear and the nut
is found to be small and thick-shelled.
he has the tree cut back and grafth,
He has between four and five hun-
dred trees in grove; about two hun-
dred of them are seedlings, the re-
mainder are grafted and budded trecs.
* The oldest trees are thirteen years
old from the seed, and last year bore
from ten pounds up to sixty pounds
on a single tree.
In setting out a pecan grove, allow
folty foot onolh war Ihatwen the trrra
if the square method is used; this will
take twenty trees to the acre.
A grove plan which is well liked by
some is the Septuary Method.
This takes about one-tenth more
trees than the square method, anl the
distances between trees is n1111or" 1i
form, each tree standing equldesteWnt
from the six trees surrounding it. To
lay out a grove by this plan, draw aI
line where the first row of trees is to
stand. Prepare a measure by tying
three short stakes to a rope, lea' <'g
forty feet of the rope betweenn (every
two stakes, so that when held taut a
forty-foot triangle is formed. Iold
one of the stakes on the line where the
first tree is to be set, and have an as-
sistant hold one side rope taut will,
the second stake on the tree line. v-hile
holds the third stake so as to straight-
en the other two sides of the triangle
Drive small stakes at the points indi-
cated by the measuring stakes for the
first three trees, then. while stake Nao.
2 remains in position, carry No. 1 and
3 around until No. 3 rests upon the
tree line, when two more tree locations
will be indicated. The next move will
take No. 1 and No. 2 around to new
positions, while No. 3 remains sta-
tionary. In this way the first and
second tree rows will soon be marked
and the measure is used in the same
way to mark each new row.
The rope between the stakes may
be made any length desired, but do
not make it less than thirty feet. The
best time to transplant pecan trees is
in the fall, soon after the leaves fall
They will then have time to get well


established in their new quarters be- SE D MONE
fore time to start the spring growth, M m
and will be better able to endure the m l
spring drought than if planted later. mb S nch" a;ims
Cut the taproots again and trim any iw wm se- s
sessom rlhmaCoe 6
roots that have been bruised by hand- pN,
ling, also trim the top back severely. =^w You o
Do not hesitate in this pruning, as ne 7ss"ar
growth will be gained instead of lost i Tod xtn
by it. macl.'"'


The only Insect enemies of the pecan
are the caterpillar and the saw beetle.
The caterpillars can be destroyed by
burning them in their web with a torch
or rubbing them from the twigf on
which they cluster.
The saw beetle works late in the
summer, puncturing and laying eggs
in the ends of branches, then sawing
off these ends. Burn all sawed off
twigs, and the next generation of bee-
ties will be destroyed.
dl he die grove 5ood cultivation IAnd
use a mulch about the roots of the
trees, removing it when necessary to
to fertilize the trees. Cotton seed meal
is good for growing trees, but bearing
trees will require some potash in addi-
tion to the meal.
The soil may be improved without
expense by raising velvet beans be-
tween the trees, allowing the leaves
and vines to dry on the ground, and
afterward turning them under with
the plow. The beans, If gathered, will
more than pay for the trouble of rais-
ing them, or, if allowed to get back to
the soil. will render it that much rich-


The land between the trees may be
used for farm crops several years, if
desired, without injruy to the
trees, and for this reason some adv':-
setting the tree row sixty feet apart
This also allows plenty of sun and air
to reach the sides of the tree, even af-
ter it is full grown, but we think forty
feet is a very good tree space.
Our place is on rather low land
among sand hills, so, while the land
is as moist as flat pine woods, it is
more sandy. I do not think there is
much clay, or if there is, It is quite a
distance below the surface. The soil
is moderately fertile, and eight or ten
inches below begins the yellow sand.
The bud remained dormant from Au-
gust until April. The soil was stirred
with a hoe in March, a quart of com-
mercial fertilizer applied, then a heavy
mulching, which remained through the
season.-R. E. Merryman. in Times-
Union and Citizen.


TH S

M O WER
That will kile
all the weeds
in your lawns
tIfyou keep
he weeds cut
so they do not
go to seed,
land cut your
,grass without
breaking the small feeders of roots
the grass will become thick and
weeds will disappear. Send for
catalogue.


THE CLIPPER WILL DO IT
CLIPPER LAWN MOWER 0O.
Norristown, P&



Spades
are


when they help In the
growing of Johnson &
plossmre in the sowing,
pleasure in the growing.
pleasure in the reaping.
Our mew emtury

Garden and

B Farm Manual
shown the lmalt attained
by others--how wh&t you
cnm do. No eisaggelntan
SRandsmr photoffnwrae 11
stadtlonu -Yourn rBEE
sratl-eoai a Wrte to-day.
O*NSMnO a STKE^a
PbnVML b%. P_








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


fertilisers and the Germination of much pains in this matter. Be sure
ased. you are right, then go ahead.
Several times we have obtained a
In a recent isage of the Southern Ru- Sveral times we have obtained a
In a recent Ise of the southern Ru- very poor stand of beans, even where
ralist, Mr. F. J. Merriam, of Battle the fertilizer was well mixed with the
Hill, Ga., writes of the effects of ferti- l; and we now adopt the plan of
lizers on garden seed, in the following applying two weeks before plating,
article: with this crop as well as others. There
There is no doubt that commercial are a good many advantages to be de-
fertilizers are directly responsible for rived from applying guano in advance
many a poor stand, and the gardener of planting time, besides the saving of
proceeds to lay the blame on the heed, seed and the work and worry, and dis-
when really it is the fertilizer that is appointment connected with a poor
at fault. The chemicals in concentrated stand. In the 2-weeks which should
fertilizers are very strong, and we have elapsed between the application
must be careful how we use them. I of the fertilizer and the planting time,
have had considerable experience along the guano had time to become dissolv-
this line, including some of those ex- ed and diffuse itself through the so.l.
pensive lessons to which I alluded in The chloride in the potash, which is
my article of last month. And turnip hurtful to some plants, will become di-
seed is not the only kind of seed we luted and start on its passage down
have lost in this way. We have losi into the subsoil; the potential nitro-
cabbage, and even bean seed. gen in the cotton seed meal will have
I will tell you about the turnip seed time to decompose, in a measure, and
first. We had prepared our land in the the nitrifying organism will have part
early spring in first-clas shape. It was of the ammonia changed into nitric ac-
nice and fine. Then we applied our ftr- id so that your plants will have some-
terlizer broadcast, putting on one thing to force them to rapid growth
thousand pounds of acid phosphate, as soon as they start. A result which
one thousand pounds of cotton seed could not be otherwise except by the
meal, and two hundred pounds of mu- application of nitrate of soda.
latee of potash. This we harrowed in This active fermenting process,
well, with the smoothing harrov. iev which the fertilizer goes through in
eled the ground nicely with dralr ni the first two weeks, is undoubtedly
planted our seed with Planet, .r., -eed what kills the seed. Rapidly forming
drill, using plenty of seed. Then ne ammonia will tend to decay anything
waited for the seed to come up anud we it comes in contact with. Even stable
waited a good while. The .*ed should manure will rot much slower after the
have been up, and only here and there ammonia is leached out or allowed to
could we find a few coming. Going escape, and this is what the ammonia
across the patch one day I noticed the does to seed; they're actually rotted,
last row, which was sown bIeyoud killed before they could sprout, and
where the fertillser was spread, ard even if a few do manage to germinate
on this row there was a perfect stand the vitality of the plant is injured and
up. This showed where the trouble it can never fully recover.
was. We immediately worked tlie Here in the South we naturally al-
whole patch over with a cutaway har- ways use a great deal of cotton seed
row, smoothed it down again, al n meal as a fertilizer, because in this
planted over, using the same seed. form we can generally buy nitrogen
This time we obtained a good stand, cheaper than any other, but we must
but we had lost three weeks time. be careful how we apply it, as it is
From this, we learned to apply fert;li- without doubt the most harmful to
zers, especially those containing cotton seed germination of any ingredient
seed meal, at least two weeks before which goes into our fertilizers. I think
planting seed. I hear some of our friends asking
The same thing undoubtedly caused what they shall do when they are un-
us to lose our stand of late cabbage able to prepare their land apply their
one year. It was in July and the season fertilizer two weeks ahead. These two
was just right to plant. We had put weeks will mean a great many dollars
guano of our own mixing in the drill, to them in putting their crop on the
stirred it into the soil by running market, and they cannot afford to wait.
through with scooter plow, and then Well, in this case, ft the crop is beans
bedded it, running far enough froir or some other which is covered several
the row to leave a slight depression in inches deep, I should apply the ferti-
the middle of the bed. I knew by this lizer on top of the row after planting,
time that guano would hurt seed, but and stir it in lightly with a one-horse
but I thought in this case it was cov- harrow. If, however the seed be small
ered deeply enough not to injure them. and planted very near the surface, I
Then, besides the soil was just right, should either wait until the seed were
just damp enough, and I was afraid it up before applying the fertilizer or 1
would turn dry; so we went ahead, I should apply the acid phosphate and
am sorry to say, and lost most of our potash, and work it into the first four
seed again. Surely It takes a great inches of top soil with cutaway bar-
many lessons to learn one anything. row and wait until the plants-were up
We had read that guano should be ap- before putting on the meal.
plied two weeks before planting, but In the next issue of the Ruralist the
strange as it may seem, our reading writer will take up the soil conditions
had evidently done us little good in best suited to germination, giving his
this case. We know now and will not experience in sprouting seed in wet
offend again, and dry weather.
I must tell you about those beans I
mentioned a while back. You see we Details of Management.
were in a harry, as we generally are The periods of feeding should be reg-
when we make mistakes. We did not ular certain hours being fixed upon for
think guano would hurt large seed that purpose; but there are very few
like beans, and we dropped the beans who thus systematically feed their
in the same furrow with the fertilizer, fowls. Water should be kept in the
without first stirring it up, as we had presence of poultry at all times, and
been.accustomed to do. The result in it should not only be clean and- pu e
this was that scarcely a bean came up. but fresh; yet this important matter
and we had the whole patch to plant is overlooked by many. Warmth in
over. You see, one can't take too winter and cool location in summer


selling their work all over the State,
each year increasing to more and
a better class of work. They do not
keep any traveling agents but do much
of their increasing trade through the
mails, making it at less cost to the
buyer and better for themselves, a
everything is done through the heads
of the firm. Great promises made to
customers that the house knows noth-
ing the consequent dissatisfaction is
thus averted. They promise nothing
but what they intend to fulill. We
bespeak for them a liberal patronage.
Any communication addressed to
them at Tampa will receive prompt at-
tention.

Turkeys, ducks, geese, and guineas,
as well as chickens, should have com-
fortable quarters in winter.

DO YOU NEED AN ELECTRIC
BELT?


fsuse toww J mas Mia..'


N~ ews Bn% 00214
in *a le dallsoof
too S.COhartee W& inAl1m@3, Jaw


ton Hathaway, who is recognized as I Uf
the greatest of all our specialists, has
been perfecting an electric belt suit-1 WHAT'S 3 OR 5 CENTS
able to use in his practice, one which a rod oftmei f it ealts bttsr iuit
he could furnish as a part of his sys- PewoaelWSlE Nce a, lIlA, 3I .
tem of treatment, and which he could
conscientiously guarantee. He now $2.75 BOX RAIN COAT
announces that he has perfected such |i A-- s.&l WTrn $2.75
a belt, which he believes to be the only SEMN NO MOEY. ct th 0"
perfect belt made. It is light, hand- a.,.s..aftme
Ann..ss w esed r as bis..s, tobso em
some, and of great power, and with; ,* e.am%&
new attachments which make it suit- C.i., 1 .a a
I as end trj IntaJarrat
able for every case. He is prepared to *r* 0 a
furnish this belt to all patients who, ye .
need it and who apply to him for treat- A ast 5
ment, at merely a nominal charge. r isM r T tas- tiM
Write to Dr. Hathaway to-day, telling a s, e tSN
all about your case and he will write leti a r
you all about the belt, and if you de- both r. er o ..eI. .adL
sire the belt will send it C. .0 D. forI sv S"tSuas, VvS bss a .
Ianv other house. 1VrI m b
inspection. Address Dr. Hathaway & an o nead toasrol oe.
Co., 25 Bryan St., Savannah, Ga. Cass f b o^ wie o
A good time to subscribe. AAL*Mtr O* *co. .np


160


_ __ i__l~ ____~ __


are essential to laying, being as im- A T A
portant as a full supply of feed; but
every poultry-house is not comfortable. A T A
The prevention of dampness iu the
house avoids roup, which is a terrible The M1other of Consumption.
scourge in a flock, but the small leaks How th Dred Dih May be Prevted and
here and-there are not regarded as dan- Cared-The Orestet el Specs ts Wrt
gerous matters by the average poultr m tt ie auo tmpon.
Catarrh is the mother of consumption.
man. Even the height of the roost Bytri I donotmes thateveryasem catarrhd-
ve into eonsmaption, butI
and the construction of the nests have VI do m ht cat arr when un
checked, and when riven the
more or less tendency to affect the prope oppordtuites or eten
siop f = splaeof beuinmna,
profit from poultry that many suppose w ih is the fla6h eal emo
deeper and deeper sing t-e
for high roosts cause deformed feet. brethlM tract. inntaby dend
in uoiumition of the Lungs.
and poor nests will not be occupied lby I Ctrrh seldom destro ny
couMderabe iMrt of the mcoaus
the hens if they can get better plac, s ew of the upper air paus
Ia^fl tt tnIlie a d Congeet
in which to lay. These things are seen.- ,, andvnn ,o eir-
,t and olbmsve dl,-
ingly small matters, which are usually charge; -ut when It reaches the inteoljy deicate
lln of the hairlike long tubes and Iwoe 8u1as.
overlooked, but they are important tt, then aiamatao end cangeston which it caum.
ilooes tbae small air paseaes and, allowing the
success. Poultry should not be e.x I utriddchared mater to accumulate. cause a rot-
pected to prove profitable without care cauStiam pnof tho e n e
more than other stock, and the fact Thee TMSND wCY OP CATA eRH.
The tendency of catarrt6 when it ha onecobained
that a profit is often derived from aI foothold n anyortio of the mucoumemboae
flock that has been overlooked is ; e xtend In ev tree Ottwh
I tatrrt In almost every Instne M with wat I
strong proof that poultry-raising cai cmoknow cow in the hed. Thi old s
a Wded o because of some extra exporem
be made to pay well when condu,,tedl orei, otf sIstem and berms chronic
a ftlistrrr esult Uniesm radcalcureemof
by thoughtful, attentive persons. It his codiion lseftecs thbedse asamr
to the tbratf to the eonchli tbe, ndthemtothe
is the small matters that should r-'- w- rm ANOS.
ceive the most careful attention, as the oahosuo cannot be cured. New Ip cannot
observance of method and system ;s newnose:t tarrh can be curedin al lttslo
exezpt thls fir ad always fain one.
sure to prove beneficial at all timn.et.-- A CERTAWM CURa .
Farm and Fireside. In an ee of trendy yar durng which
titmue have heated many thoumnds of cases of all
Sformsof catrrh. I hae everyet failed tinefleta
radicaland permanent emre. TOm employ
IMPROVEMENT. is noeezed =ym m own. and the remedies whh
IMPROVEMENT. oer my persona direction n my
Among the many different branches own1 M n h
Manv People .egis they have Consumption when
of business in the State, we would call n rea~ the disse hae aot quite re d that
stage. I m treating and unr cams of th sort
to notice that of Geo. R. Nichols & Co., every da the prtesm of dewy hasnot
begun in the lunimJe~ves h Iean mlte dab gaion
of Tampa, Fla., who have by steady perfect we and strong amga
DEGIN AT ON=C.
industry and integrity, worked the Let me once mo urge an catarrhai of lre to
granite and marble business togin treatment at oneo, for a month of treatment
granite and marble buses to ome- now t better than the three months later on.
thing near what the pubIic wants. f shal maefo tthe net mouth~ ecalirfee
for the treatment of catarh nt complicated by
They are both experienced work- otherdsSe mak eIxtra harge or ahim-
iuthea et0. that may be required.
men and understand all the different J. MNWTON HATHAWAY, I. 0.
Dr. Hathaway A Ct..
kinds of material that should be we s ryan treet, SavannIa. 0a.
ed into cemetery adornm.ents axl ... IMNTrON TOIS PAPER WHEN WRITING.


M M M E 0 0


-I









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 167


FLORAL DEPARTMENT.

Address all communications to the
editor, W. 0. Steele, Switzerland, Fla.

Correction.
We do not always think it necessary
to correct all the typographical error
which will creep into our department
but in the article on Monstera deli
ciosa is one that entirely changes rhe
meaning of a sentence. After men-
tioning that the flavor is something
like a banana, the typo made the next
line begin: "The flower is said to re-
semble the pineapple as well as the
banana." It should be the flavor, not
the flower. Our matter is prepared
three weeks in advance of publication
which accounts for delay in correction.

Air Plants.
This Is a common name applied quite
generally in this State to any parasi-
tic plants, that is, plants that are
found growing upon the banks of liv-
ing trees. There are several species,
belonging to four or more distinct
genera or families The most common
is the Tillandsia family a near relative
of the Pineapple. The most familiar
species is Tillandsia usneoides, long
moss or Spanish moss. This is so com-
mon here as to be considered a nui-
sance. at least by orange growers.
Probably many of our readers never
noticed the flowers of this plant. It
blooms freely every spring and ripens
lots of seeds. There are seven other
varieties found in Florida. Some of
them are quite ornamental and the
blossoms are blue varying from pale to
bright. They are all easily grown,
merely fastened to a board and hung
in the shade and watered occasionally.
They will live and grow for years with
no other care. A plant of T. Bartra-
mii nailed to the north end of our
house grew there for many years with
absolutely no care whatever, and
bloomed each year.
There are about a half dozen species
or epipIytal Orchids native in Florida.
The most common are Epidendrum
conopreum and E.venosum. These lit
tie plants will be found creeping over
the bark of various trees in shady.
moist hammocks, The first is common
in this part of the State, and the sec-
ond is found only in South Florida.
The two are much alike, though
venosum bears the largest and most
showy flowers.
BaBdro bLra Lindeaii ie the a& m
of another parasitic orchid. This is a
veritable curiosity from the fact that
the plant has no leaves. The fleshy
roots grow up from a common center
and creep over the bark in all direc-
tions. From the center arises the
flower stalk which bears one or two
very curiously shaped white flowers,
from one to two inches in diameter.
The "Mistletoe" is probably famil-
iar to most readers of the Agricultur-
ist. It is very seldom cultivated, but
might easily be introduced in many
places where it is not now found.
Gather the berries and place the seeds
in a favorable situation on some tree
near the house; some of them would
be likely to grow.
Probably the most curious and in-
teresiing :Air plant" of all Is a anill
fern, Polypodlum incanum. It is very
common in this part of the State, in
all moist hammocks and along the
river banks. It is found usually on the
bank of oak trees though occasionally
on other species. The fronds are ever-
green, from three to six inches high,
and in moist weather would not b no-
ticed as different from other ferns.


But in a dry time the fronts turt
brown and curl up and the whoe plan1
has the appearance of being dead
Last fall we gathered a nu'Lber ol
these plants and put them in a she(
where they received no water at al
for several weeks. Yet when put oir
Sin the rain they brightened up at once
, as green and fresh as ever.
Any of the plants we have men
Stoned except the Mistletoe, may bt
readily grown in the house or on a ve
randa, simply by fastening upon a
small piece of board which can bi
hung on a nail and moved from placid
to place as desired.

Written for the Floral Department.
Vines and their Uses
Use and ornament are so readily;
combined in these favorites that it it
surprising that the most p.ractlea
Shouse-holder does not have more ol
them. The shadeless soil of abandon.
ed fields is so often chosen for a build-
ing site by new comers, that the firsi
years in that domicile are usually
anything but pleasant. Busy with
farming operations, the owner seldom
gives a thought to the crying need of
shade during the summer's heat. The
wife, who is compelled to spend the
most of the time in the house, is the
first one to begin to plant seeds of any
and all the cllmbers she can got.
One such residence with a porch to
the west was completely shaded with
the velvet bean, whose dense foliage
and sprays of dark purple flowers
made a beautiful screen from the af-
ternoon sun. Another hut, built on
an unshaded plot near a railroad seem-
ed unfit for human habitation, save
for its wealth of vines which covered
the whole house from the ground to
the roof, making a pyramid of green.
Dittiii5ai and chari5ing to th fi 67.
as it shone afar, the most striking ob-
ject in a little railroad town.
Another log cabin, with one door
and small window was so completely
covered with Cyprena vineothatl not a
trace of the logs was visible. When
the feathery foliage of this delicate
vine was starred with its lovely flow-
ers that cabin became "a thing of
beauty." worth going a long distance
to see. Some homesteads have been
made lovely by covering their fences
with vines. The velvet pea has often
been utilized in this way. It is one
of the greatest climbers on record, and
would easily reach the top of the tall-
est pines in one summer.
For a trellis, the Maurandya has no
equal; the beauty of its foliage and
flowers is peerless. It climbs by its
petioles and throws out side shoots in
every direction and covers a trellis in a
very short time. If protected from im-
mediate contact with frost by an over-
hanging eave, it will survive nearly
any freeze that ever visits the South-
land. The Thunbergia is also quite
hardy. As it is a winter bloomer in
its native land-East Africa-it
blooms very freely during a warm win-
ter in the "orange belt."
The fashion of covering fences with
the McCartney rose has much to corn
mend it. It increases in beauty and
value each year, and as the vine is
evegreen It iM&u & gFS&t aapli
to the attractiveness of any home. The
Halleana honeysuckle, also makes a
perennial green fence that is nearly al-
ways in bloom. The yellow Jessamine,
the native bignonias and woodbine
survive any freeze, and are very beau-
tiful in their blooming season. There
are hosts of tender vines that are fa-
vorites in Florida, that are so beauti-


ful that they wel repay the extra
care, expense and sometimes failure in
growing them. The blue Thunbergia,
Aristolochia Elegans, Bignonia gloria,
Allemanda Hendersonia and other ten-
der vines are sometimes In their glory
in November. An untimely frost often
cuts them down, but they sprout up
from the root and in a few months
have recovered their beauty. The rich
odor and snowy blooms of the many
kinds of Jessamines make many homes
lovely. Each year sees more and better
kinds of climbers spring up about the
homes of the flower loving dwellers
in every portion of our favored State.
The improvement that has been made
in twenty years is wonderful.
Mrs. Jennie 8. Perkins.


I The Paeonia
I This is the name of a genus of har-
dy perennial, very popular at the
SNorth. We have no knowledge of their
Being grown in Florida. There are sev-
eral species, some of which are natives
of China and Japan. From this fact
Swe are hopeful of their proving a sue-
cess in this State. From the few ori-
ginal species seedlings and hybrids
have been grown until there are hun-
dreds of varieties. The ordinary form
of spelling the name In print is Paeony
and in the plural Paeonesa.
The following is from the Mayflow-
er:
"Few flowers are more beautiful
than the Paeony or more worthy of a
place in every garden. When you once
get a plant started if it is not disturbed
it will grow larger and finer every year
until It becomes 'a thing of beauty'
and 'a joy forever.'
"Twelve years ago we planted a
double pink one in cellar dirt in which
we little thought that anything would
do6 vry W11l. But how it grew. It
is now two feet high and covers over
two square feet of ground. This year
it had fifteen lovely fragrant blos-
soms, many of which were between
fourteen and fifteen Inches In circum-
ference. Some years it has had be-
tween twenty and thirty.
"The Paeony is often grown on the
lawn without any cultivation and does
fairly well: but the cultivated ones do
much better. The large clumps need
supports, while the smaller ones need
to be protected from hard winds
which whip them so that the buds are
spoiled. The supports can be made by
putting small posts at the corners and
then nailing strips of cloth to the tops
of the posts, and stretching from one
to another. The leaves soon hide the
strings. For protection from winds, a
bottomless jar or something of that
kind may be placed around the plant.
"The buds are often attacked by
ants, and flies, but if there is a pair of
king birds around you need have
no fears, for these benefactors of man-
kind enjoy nothing better than a good
meal of these insects.
"The double Paenloes are by far the
prettiest, yet a single one Is not to be
despised. Paeonies should be planted in
the fall."
The following on the same subject
is from Vick's Magazine:
"This old but magnificent flower is
not plated BriLUfM 8g itfiil'V.ly VAl it
deserves to be. In fact, no flower is
so easily grown, so permanent, or so
so free from insects. And no flower,
not even excepting the rose. is more
beautiful or makes a more b-iutifil
display. A bed of peonies properly
prepared will increase in beauty for a
life time, enduring with impunity the
coldest winters, one of the first plants


to appear in the spring. 'The 'olivge
is beautiful and keeps brignt and
fresh all summer. By planting the
right sorts a succession of flowers may
be had for several weeks. While no
plants are more easily raised yet they
well repay careful cultivation. They
look better in large beds or masses,
and each individual plant should be
given abundance of room, not less than
two or three feet apart. uiless the
soil to be used for the peony bed is of
porous nature it should be deeply dug
and pulverized to the depth of eight-
teen inches to two feet-thoroughly
incorporating with the soil well ror-
ted manure. One cannot well use too
much of this If well rotted, as the
peony is a rank feeder. The plants
can be set out with complete success
in the fall, planting about six inches
deep, and carefully frming the soll
around the roots, afterwards covering
the bed with two or three inches of
short manure. Fall planting Is the
best unless it can be done very early
in the spring. The plants, should be
well cultivated during spring or sum-
mer unlea the bed is mulched sufl-
clently deep with straw or other litter
to prevent the growth of weeds. I
prefer to mulch them, as they do not
suffer from drouth, and the luxuriant
foliage conceals the mulch so that Is
not objectionable, No flowers should be
allowed to form the first year, and ev-
en if you have few the second do not
get discouraged. The peony is an ex-
ceedingly. deep rooted plant and re-
quires some time to become estab-
lished. Don't forget a liberal top
dressing of manure every fall. Oare
should be used in the selection of va-
rieties so as to have as long a succes-
sion of flowers and as great a variety
of color and form as possible."
In answer ti a gapeftaie EIes H1
Rexford says in the Mayflower:
mruld o1 amp Isaeq aeq '9I Tq.M,,,
Paeonles?
"I prefer to set them as soon as the
roots can he obtained in falL They
will not be likely to bloom next sea-
son, but they get a start this season
which helps matters along well. This
plant likes rather heavy soil, made
very rich with old cow-manure. Set
the roots at leat eight Inches deep,
and after setting them see that they
are not disturbed. I know ol but one
other plant so impatient of interfer-
ence with its roots, and that is the
Amaryllis."

SHOW'S THIS?
We offer One Hundred Dollars Re-
ward for any case of Catarrh that can-
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. Cheney & Co., Proprs., Toledo,
Ohio.
We, the undersigned have known F.
J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and be-
lieve him perfectly honorable in all
business transactions and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by their firm.
West & Truax, .Wholesale Druggists,
Toledo, Ohio.
Walking, Kinnan & Marvin, Whole-
sale Druggists, Toledo, Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh is taken internally,
acting directly upon the blood and mu-
Uia UIsFafsa Of taB YftIal. PriFe 75T
per bottle. Sold by all druggists. Tes-
timonials free.
Hall's Family Pills are the bcst.


I ~- WEE iLL Ki Us[eU.
flat Cug 5ru~T e









1S8 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLOBIDA AGICUILTJBIST.

Entered at the poatofice at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second lass matter.


E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.

Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the beat in-
terests of her people.

Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
TERMS.
One year, single subscription ............$ 2.00
Six mouths, single subscription ........ 1.00
Single copy .................. ........... .05

ADVERTISING RATES.
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
aratee of ood faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.

Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
sponible in case of loss. When personal
checks are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and cent stamps taken when change
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To insure ian"tis, all dvertisements for
this paper must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers wen writing to have the ad-
dress of their paper changed MUST give the
old as well as the new address.

We now have an office in Jacksonville.
Room 4, Robinson Block, Viaduct, where Mr.
Taintsr will be pleaded to see any of our sub-
scribers. Any time we can be ot scrvkcc in
Jacksonville. drop us a line to above address.

WEDNESDAY, MARCH, 14, 1900.

Our Beef Prospects.
Evidence that stock-raising in its
broadest and most advanced phase.
may be made one of the leading and
most profitable industries of Florida,
is accumulating. As a basis for prof-
itable stock-raising, we have the first
prime essential--an almost boundless
panturag, and this, in conjunction
with the equable climate that makes
possible the use of this natural graz-
ing land the entire year, leaves but
little to be desired from a natural
standpoint. In other words, nature has
hone her part and done it well.
For years cattle raising, even when
conducted In its crudest form, has been
an industry that has brought thous-
ands of dollars to the State. The own-
ers of large herds spent nothing, eith-
er in time or money, in the matter
of food for their stock. The only ex-
pense was in herding and branding
at the semi-annual round ups, and the
marketing of the animals. The mar-
ket for years was Cuba, and the local
towns and cities.
The beef taken direct from the range
in naturally inferior to that produced
elsewhere, hence the Florida stock-
man has suffered by the competition
of Western grown beef, although the
latter sells at double the price at
which the Florida range cattle is of-
fered by the vendors. To meet this
competition it Is necessary that the
quality should be improved, and this
of course, can be done by judicious
feeding, and oply by judicious feeding
There is a wide margin between the
price of the average Florida beef and
the more desirable Western article.
and the wike-awake stockman will not
be slow to see the advantage of appro


priating a portion of this margin to
careful feeding and preparation of his
cattle for market.
The feeding experiments recently
conducted by Dr. Stockbridge at State
Experiment Station at Lake City, were
productive of some rather startling
results. A number of ordinary "scrub
cattle taken from the Florida range
were fed for a period of something
over a month on various feedstuffs.
The experiments were carefully and
scientifically conducted, everything
fed the cattle being weight and meas-
ured and an exact record kept. The
result was a gain of a fraction over
three pounds per day per head.
Feeding experiments conducted in
the states of Missouri, KaInsa and lo-
wa with the improved breeds of those
states, showed a gain of only a little
less than two pounds per head per day,
The gain in the Florida experiments
cost a little over three cents per pound,
while the increase in the feeding ex-
periments conducted in the Western
States named cost over six cents per
pound. This is a fine showing for Flor-
ida, considering that experiments here
were conducted with ordinary "scrub"
range cattle, against the improved
breeds ofthe Western States. Dr.
Stockbridge claims that with cassava
and velvet beans beef can be made in
Florida at the low net cost of two cents
per poundl.

About Cuban Colonies.
Disappointed fortune-seekers are al-
ready returning from Cuba, with many
tales of woe. Many Floridians, who
had met with misfortunes on account
of the freezes, etc., packed up their ef-
fects and went over to Cubh to aIlo
homes and fortunes. They were de-
ceived by the highly colored pictures
drawn by the promoters. They were
let to believe that in Cuba they would
find everything the heart could desire.
and that fortunes hung on low bushes
ready to fall into their outstretched
hands at beck or call. And the strang-
est thing of all Is that so many be-
lieved these stories, put up the first
payments on land they had not seen.
broke up their homes in Florida, and
went it blind, as it were. 3lany cf
them have returned, and others wivl
follow as soon as they can procure pas-
sage money.
Now Cuba is all right, or perhaps.
will be after awhile. But those who
go there must be prepared to live a pieO
neer's life and endure the hardships
and prevations incident to the devehlop-
ment of a new country. In the matt'-,
of development Cuba is ages behind
the times. The settler from the
States will find many hardships, and
his road to fortune will be full of
stones and pitfalls.
When a stable government shall
have been established in the island.
and when' there is some guarantee
that this stable government will not Ib
upset before breakfast every morning
by a revolution, we think Cuba offers
an admirable field for colonies of hbo- i
culturists, who have had experience
with semi-tropical products. But these
colonies should be organized and man-
aged by the colonists, and not by
promoters in a New York office, whose
only aim is to sell thfe Iant--and appie I
ently to lie just as hard as they knorv
how in order to sell 't.

Good Roads Convention.
The State Good Roads Conventioln
to be held in Orlando. March 22 and
23, promises to be a great success. The


a valuable and very interesting exhi-
bit.


The Southern Farmer's Golden Era.
A great orator once exclaimed. "I
have no lamp by which to guide my
feet but the lamp of experience." The
magic power of fhis brief statement
hlas given it wide circulation. It Ias-
been received as a terse statement *
a great truth. Many have not stopped
to question or analyze it They have
concluded that experience was the on
ly reliable guide. They have forgotten
that experience Itself must have a
guide. Experience is gradual not in-
stantaneous, but still there must have
been a starting point where there was
no experience to form a lamp.
In the realm of politics and state-
craft, this very lamp of experience.
meant the experience of others, not
the speaker. In the great experiment
n- was advocating he had no experi-
ence. He was entirely dependent up-
on the records of past experiments.
Not Applicable to the Farmer.-But
whatever of force there may have been
in this maxim then, it is not at all ap-
plicable to the farmer of to-day. We
have the lamp of experience in full
blaze, throwing all Its illuminating
rays upon our pathway. But along
with this we have the lamp of science
and the lamp of progress, both of
which shed a benign radiance upon our
pathway. We are not left to world;
out the problem gf success for our-
selves. We need not await the tedious
process of filling and lighting our own
lamp.
Scientific investigation has found out
many valuable truths for us-truthi
which make our calling less doubtful
and less irksome. They teach us the
nature and habits of soil and plants.
their mutual adaptation to each other.
and how we may assist in working cut
the union of these adaptations.
Science tells us what our soils are
ana how to handle them so as to get
the greatest pay for the least labor and
expense. Science teaches us the nature
and uses of manures and chemicals
and how to apply these to the crops
so as to greatly increaseth e yield and
the profits. She shows us how we may
economize labor and time and at the
same time increase the yield and qual-
ity of our crops.
Science also teaches us the nature
and habits of the plants we are grow-
ing.
Science No Respecter of Persons.-
Science makes all nations of the earth
one family. German brain marks out
the line of investigation and ferrets
out the re"ulte of nature's hidden ar-
canum. French scholarship pursuoa
the investigation, and throws the flood-
tide of practical light along the farm-
er's pathway. British study and prac-


LaVille and his assistants have
turned the hitherto almost desert
wastes of France into a smiling gar-
den of plenty and beauty. Sir Gilbert
and Tull have made of the idle acres,
of the British Isles, vast fields laden
with harvests of bounty.
Young and vigorous America comes
in the day of opportunity, lays trib-
ute upon each and all these sources of
information and offers American farm-
ers a lamp shedding a flood of light
upon our pathway, which no former
age or country ever possessed. We can
now do what was impossible until the
latter part of the nineteenth century.
We hold the key to the food and rai-
ment supplies of the world.
The South in Front.-In all the lines
of progress thus pointed out we have
an equal advantage. By reading and
study we can avail ourselves of all
that has been found out. The flood
tide of all the Illumination of the ages
is focused upon us. In addition to all
this we have climatic and soil advan-
tages beyond all others. Holding as
we do the key to the greatest clothing
supply crop of the world, we can have
no successful rivals.
As long as we can hold this monop-
oly we have only to call to our aid the
scientific possibilities in manufacture
and commerce and we can surpass any
nation or any section in the accumu-
tion of wealth.
But we have other equally inviting
field Qur climate enables us to sup-
ply the market with fruit and veget-
ables earlier than others and thus get
the cream of prices. In thousands of
ways, the intelligent Southern farmer
occupies a vantage ground.
What he needs above everything else
is information, but this is attainable:
he can get it. Our schools, experiment
stations, and agricultural publications
offer him the opportunity.
The young farmer of to-day need
not spend years and dollars in learning
costly lemons by experience. He can
learn from the experience of others
By using this and the light of science
he can avoid the path of uncertain ex-
periments, and walk in the way of
ascertained truth. By doing this hls
success is sure and his reward ample.
Keep out of debt. raise home sup-
ples, study the markets, patronize
home manufacturers and so on and
you can and will succeed.-South-
ern Cultivator.


Cultivated Huckleberaies.
The more I think of my success with
one huckleberry (or rather blue berry)
bush, and the more I hear of others
on the subject of cultivating that fruit.
the stronger grows my conviction that
there is a great field and a great, op-
oortunity open before us. One of our


Florida Banker's Association is to 1.e twice prove all things and hold fast to
held at the same place on the 21st. that which is good.
Many of the State Bankers have signi- Thus we behold these great nation
fled their intention to remain over anit bitter enemies in politics and state-
attend the road meeting. The Ag.ri craft all working side by side unfold-
tural Bureau in Washington has ing the secrets of power and progress
agreed to send Mr. M. O. Eldredge. to help the toiling masses till the moth-
director of the Division of Inquiry, to er earth. Leifilg, LaVille and Gilbert
deliver an illustrated lecture upon road and Lains and Tull, each doing in I;
improvements, which feature al..: own way a grand work for mankin'l
will be of great value to the State. all working together for the common
It is desired that every county in uplifting of the farmer.
Florida be represented, and that each Leibig and his co-workers have
county make a full report of what has made the soils of Germany, worn
been done in the way of road and bl the errors of thousands of years, fre.'-
cycle path improvement within its hbo and fertile, yielding food and clothing
ders, stating material used, cost of for a great and powerful kingdom.
construction, etc., together with sam German farming is behind German
plcs of materials used. These samples, victories and sometimes German ar-
from all parts of the State, will make mies.


i






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. lo


friends writes me as follows: "I note
what you. say about transplanting
huckleberries (Farm and Firtiltlo. ol
September, 1). I went to the woods
for mine, took up medium-sized buslh-
es with two or three feet of soil. anil
planted them in the garden, simply dig-
ging a hole to take the solid clump of
roots and soil, and tramping solid. The
result was fine berries, but the birds
so far, take the lion's share." I hope
that many more of our friends will
make trials with huckleberries and
blueberries. We should especially be
on the lookkout for plants with larlNg
fruit. There is no reason whatever.
why we should not, after awhile. grow
blueberries in our gardens as large ai
cherries. I believe the time will soon
come when we shall have them quite
commonly in cultivation. The high-
bush blueberry seems to me particu-
larly promising as a subject for culti-
vation. Recently I eaw a very inter-
esting account of a visit to a little
plantation of cultivated blueberries
set by Mr. Huntington of Lynn, Mass.,
in the back yard of a city lot. The
account taken from the American Cul-
tivator runs thus:
"The high-bush blueberry of our
New England pastures can be safely
transplanted to garden lots, and will
live and thrive upon almost any soil.
Under good cultivation the size of the
berry and the amount of yield increas-
es over the ordinary crop as it grows
wild. Not many bushes or clumps of
bushes are necessary to furnish ber-
ries enough to supply the needs of .
family of usual numbers These last
statements were proven by the fact
that some of his older clumps of bush-
es with a half dozen stems had more
of the surface covered with fruit-ripe
and green-than with foliage. and that
many of the ripe Berries were a half-
inch in diameter, even after this dry
Weason. As such a branch of IB iO~
would yield nearly a quart at a single
picking, we thought it safe to estimate
that it would yield at least twelve
quarts in the season. Small bushes ob-
tained by division of roots were quite
as prolific in proportion to size, except-
ing where some were shaded by a
thrifty young apple tree, which robbed
the soil of moisture and fertility as
well as slight. Seedlings at three
years old come into bearing, but do
not always prove superior to the par-
ent plant, at least not at first crop,
though they may do better when old-
er.
"While it takes, or has taken in his
ttet s abut three years for the trans-
planted bushes to get well rooted so as
to get a good crop, they bear some the
first two years. Once well grown they
are a permanent investment which
one may leave to his children and
grandchildren, as the plants live at
least half a century, and perhaps twice
tidIt luiiti th tif u it tIiu older xtnlli>
are cut out occasionally and the new
ones left to take their places."-Farnl
and Fireside.
In answer to a correspondent. it :
slated that the largest state i,'
world is that of the Grand Opera. in
Paris. Whlen measured 160 feet w-id
by almost 200 feet deep. It is 8) feet
in height The largest stage in this
country is that of the Metropolitan op-
era house. It measures 161 feet widh-.
ft feet deep and 77 feet high. Th,,
stage of the Auditorium. which stands
next in point of size. is 100x78 feet oin
the floor and 90 feet high. The mnsic
hall, in St. Louis, has a stage 12!\.
and 75 feet high.-N. Y. Sun.


helps the team. Saves wear and
expense. Sold everywhere.
STANDARD OIL 00.


You KEEP BEES?
No matter-my 64-page Bee Book
Tells TrHow
It will interest and please you. I know it
wil 1. It's free. W rite today-Ithe honey sea-
son's coming. J. M. Jenkns. Wetumpk
Alabama. =-14


ftshtemu
the
bad-

the
rOB&


CHEAP COLUMN tion. Address,
THE GRIFFING BROS. CO., '"
RATES-Twenty words, name and address City ofce and Grounds. 114 Main St.
one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.


500 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make
your choice. White and Brown legho'Rs,
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff
of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cata-
logue and price list free.
5tf. E. W. Aimden, Ormond, Fla.
VILLA LAkWE -UDBERI2EB
island Park, Lake Co.. Fl.
Offers for July planting I varieties of 2 and
3 year citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address. C. W. FOX, Prop.
24tf
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
Grpcfirut Tt i 4,640 bedaed. Bea 7m,
Orlando, Fla.. 49tf
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or money
refunded. W. H. Mann. Manville, Fla.
BRONZE TURKEYS, Pekin Ducks. Black
Langshans, Indian Games, Barred. Buff
and White Plymouth Rocks. Eggs in sea-
son. Mrs. W. H. MANN, Mannvlle. Fla.
4x16


EGGS FOR HATCHING-Silver Laced Wy-
andottes. Brown Leghorns. 15 for $'.00. 30
for $1.75, 40 for $2.00. W. P. WOODWORTH.
Di)sston City, Fla 4tf
SEA SHELLS--Beautiful Shells from the
Gulf coast. A sample lot of 12, all different,
for 25c. postpaid. W. P. WOODWORTH.
Disston City. Fl- 4ttf
FOR SALB-A few trios of Buff Plymouth
Rocks; also eggs from two yards, not re-
ated. Mrs. F. B. HASKIN. Mannville, Fla.
WE HAVE complete list Anmerican
Manufacturers. Can buy for you sit low-
est prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinely, maebeleel of all kinds, en-
gines, boilers, Incubators, windmills, or
anything wanted. Correspondence solic-
ited.
American Trades Agency.
Jacksonville, Fla. 6tf
OUR VELVE P BEAN HULLER is In
OPERATION.
Arrangements are perfected for longg
your work promptly; our capacity be-
ing twenty bushels an hour. Get your
beans in early and we will store them
for you free of charge. Our charge for
hullin g is but 1rc. a bushel for the beans
after they are nulled. a6 pounds to the
bushel.-E. O. PAINTER & CO., DE-
LAND. FLA. Otf.
WANTED-A quantity of Wild Lemon Seed
or young nursery stock. Please write the
price to A. L. Ingerson, Lemon City, Fla.
40-tf
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers no
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
ri East Bay Street, Jacksonville. Fla.
HIGH CLASS trees of all best adapted sorts.
Catalogue free. G. L. Taber, Glen St. Mary
Nurseries. Glen St. Mary, Fla. 43ff
WA'NTED-Lands, cleared and timbered.
Tracts oft en or more acres. Give full
description and lowest price. Address.
PLATsHBK & CO., savannah. Ga. 811
FOR SALE-4100 cash. Eight acres of
Mgit pino land near Da and Junction- i
acres cleared, three acres of which arc
In grove, the balance of the tract is in
timber. Small house and a well on the
place. Address, T. M. H.. Care Agricul-
turist. DeLand. Fla. ity
ROSELLE (Jamaica Sorrel) The most useful
plant in Florida. New seed guaranteed. 10
cts a pkt.. 25 cts an ounce- E. E. Thomo-
son. Avon Park, Fla. 11x13
WANTED-A good man with small family to
work on fruit farm, either for share or on
salary.


Tarpon Springs, Fla.


A. M. RICHEY.
11-17


7-

Farmers' Attention I-
SPECIAL
SPRING
GOODS
Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
GEORGIA STOCKS.
PRAYING OUTFIT&.
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies
Poultry Netting S 'tf,' I&s Columbia Bicycle
CHARTER OAK STOVES,
CARRA I(A PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PUMPS
WRITE FOR PRICES.
(EO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
+ t+$ +***$ *C** 4* *.-e.4 ...44, ..
VKEIC.H r PREPAID ON TREES. +
atnctley Ian-class sU iK. warranted true to nauc. Free fromi
all Injurious insects and fungus disease. Extreme care in
packing.
300 VArIETIjS. Oranges, Pomelos. Kumquarts, Peaches Pears, +
SPlums, Knall, Nuts. Grapes, Bigs. Multirri., &c. Also Ross
and Ornamentals.
17 YEAS established. Cor respondence Solicited. Catalogue Free.
Estimates furnished. No Agents. +
.G. L.T. ber, Prop. GLEN ST. MARY NUISEBIEs, +
Glen ut Mary, Florida. *
~*~*~~~~~~~~~+~**~*~~**** ****+*^


Splendid stock of
trult tee0 u and
,. plants, both tropi-
cal and hardy; use-
ful plants, as Cam-
gjf phor, Coffee, Sisal,
(etc.; ornamental,
for house or lawn,
as Palms, Bam-
'boos, Grasses, Con-
ifers, Flower n g
'Le shrubs, vines creep-
ers -in fact "Ev erything for house,
orchard, or lawn." Low prices. Ele-
gant catalogue for 1900, free.
RI)A SON BR BIOf,.
Oneco, Florida.


Ei YKAr
EXPERIENCE



TRADC Marms
COPYRIGHTS AC.
Anyone sending a sketh and dsestrfion may
qulkily Assrtain onou Opinion I-rets e lshcr a
invention is probably patentable. Commonic
tions strictly eonfdeit Handbook on Patent
sent free. Oldest sncy for secrtnk patents.
Patents taken through Munn & Co receive
specisinotc. without eare, In the
ScirtUfc JRncrlcau.
A handsomely lUustrated weekly. Ira"est d
cilation of any scientllc j.urnaL Terms. $3 a
year: four months, SL Bos ball newsdelers.
Ml t a s. iss' ew J-k
ale A.01ws A sU|srT


d never aulr f VRzuWlUUUIY" seim
. Cap suati.- A SAt aI
me paITUI35n3r5S 55 5 i
little more for
a l wortIhio t. A Mns
ire cetperpper r, mperaths a. sos
a toas, ort asee atdny wsetbea
0085edAmi fe. |. or *lsa forage and we will ed o
I. M KIT t y a eJe0. D. subject to a
,'.oMmeyan e n u e Tit at you
1 wa y s-ontsfh
r ism r
asnd expreass ssue
The Practical lae sty lIMe nmsiassei a Sm
AND SIMPLE B. '-- OntnaOlSfiu setirs.
BARBED WIRE st-ay*lo.sefe, owlmdnrs.
tarhamousoult on Paren woudthbe prood *
FewS11.u1LBER. VRE C AT1 Sof Says- Clothngakr bost
PRICE $20 isTtS, rNir UL smpeek Is contains fashloa
PRICE $2.0. plates, tape measure ad ful I instrutioshow toorder
V. SCHMELZ, r f Ication. Addrs s.
jy_ P woEBUCK & aa CO. (Inc.), Chiea, IlL
SvylvanLake, Fla ilgo., likoa Co. an l re aigh r-iaft-usezn)


FOR PROFIT AND PLEASURE

BUY ONLY

GRIFFIN'S

Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultry.
HIGEIn T QUALITY. LOWEST PsICA .
Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,
Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
A S ECt ALTY.
All the Standard Varieties of Orange, Lemon ; I Grape Frulta nl
stock. Also a complete assortment of the best varieties of Peaches, Plums.
Japan Persimmons, Pears, Apples, Mulberries, Figs, Pecans, Grapes, Or-
namental trees, Rose. etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
The most exteaiyre propagting establishment in the Lower South.
Largest and most complete catalogue published in the South, listing a
complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon applica-


I ~__ _I _ _


I








170 .THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


HOUSBHOLD DBPARTMrNT.

Address all i-etiop- to Hosoohold
Depamte., Agriculurf, Oe,-d FP.I
A lBLPiFU OQIRR.

IBmon iPies.
There are two kinds of lemon pies-
those bIked in two crunft and thoec
baked in one crust and finished with a
meringue. In both cases the filling is a
species of custard thickened with corn
starch or flour, or both. If the filling
is watery it is not because of the bak-
ing, but because the corn starch or
hour has not been properly cooked in
the water it was mixed up with before
'it was put into the crust. If the mer-
ingue top of the pie is "watery," it is
because it has been baked too rapidly.
reducing the whites of the eggs into
a tough, leathery substance, and melt-
ing the sugar Into a syrup. We give
two recipes for making lemon pies of
the two kinds mentioned, says an ex-
change:
To make a lemon meringue pie, mix
a half cup of sugar and two liberal ta-
blespoonfuls of corn starch together.
and stir with them the juice of a lem-
on, adding its grated peel and also two
eggs, well beaten- Four a pint of boil-
ing water over the mixture, beating
all the time. Continue to beat It over
the fire, until the mixture boils and
thickens a little. Put it at once into a
pieplate lined with pastry, and bake
it like a custard pie until It i firm in
the center. Let it get thoroughly cold;
then beat the whites of three eggs to
a stiff froth with three heaping table-
spoonfuls of powdered sugar. Spread
this meringue roughly, not smoothly.
as cooks do sometimes, and set the
pie in a cool oven, where in twenty
minutes baking the meringue will be
covered with an even, delicate Ibrt
If it Is cooked in this way it will not
fall when it is taken from the oven.
It is better to serve a meringue pie
the moment it is thoroughly cold.
Meringues do not keep well.
To make a lemon pie to bake ew-
twoon erusts of pastry, as a mince or
apple pie is baked, stir a heaping ta-
blespoonful of flour to a paste, with
just enough water to mix it; then stir
it into a cup of cold water. Add the
grated yellow peel of a lemon and its
juice, with a scant cup of sugar. Stir
this filling over the fire In a double
boiler until ft boils. After it has
boiled for three or four minutes take
it off the the fire and let it cool a little.
and add one well beaten egg. Pour
this killing into a pleplate, well lined
with crust. Cover ft with a thin layer
of rich pie crust. and bake the pie
about forty minutes in a very hot
oven.

About Shht Wasts.
The sleeves are smaller than last
year and are not put into a band, but
have cuffs which come down over the
knuckles. Often these are all tucks.
A favorite back is the one with a sin-
ble box plait about two inches wide.
The French back also is used. Yokes
are not of to-day's mode, though they
doubtless will be seen on many waists
this summer. There is a new thing for
the front which is worthy of mention.
The waists are cut only half an inch
below the waist line, and are bound
as flat as possible. This saves thick-
ness and the ridge that sometimes dis-
figured the wearer of shirt waists.-
Ex.

Ikos Coret Covers.
One of the evidences of spring is a
loose corset cover, made from web em-


broidery, which is neither muslin nor
lace, but an imitation of both in entre-
deux fashion; a length of one and of
the other.
The fabric is not expensive, and the
result really is pretty, if one is not in-
sistent upon real lace or something
which you could readily mistake for it.
The new corset covers depart from
the model of what is merely useful and
accept the present feminine demand
for what is sightly, even though un-
seen.
But one is not so certain that the
new lace (by courtesy) stay protection
will not be seen through a waist light-
ly: They are made no longer than
the belt line, and, while not sagging
In the back, are allowed to fit loosely
by means of a ribbon running around
the waist line and tying in front.
In front, too, the covers blouse quii,
as much as the new shirt waists, which
blouse is noticeable, though not pro-
nounced. Certain of these engaging
little garments are without shoulder
straps of muslin or embroidery, de-
pending wholly for their support upon
half-inch ribbon tied on the shoulder.
-New England Farmer.

The Stylish dirl.
This is the way she keeps her dress
from the street: The smoothly fitting
skirt is held about five inches below
the belt and is raised upward so that
the skirt facing clears the mud pud-
dice by two or three inches. By tuil
ing the skirt directly in the centre
of the back every part of the hem is
raised uniformly and no part can pos-
sibly touch, unless it be the front
breadth, and even that is lifted
half an inch or more by the tug from
the back. With shoulders back, chest
out. chin up. and a correct carriage.
this careful poise of the skirt does not
detract from the figure's grace.
You can distinguish the smart girl
by her walk. A great many women
have a sloppy carriage: they let their
hips sag and break. Have you never
seen a woman who stands with one
hip higher than the other, as though
one limb were shorter than the other?
Such women walk like jointed dolls.
first one hip goes up and then goes
down, a regular see-saw movement of
the body from the hips down.
The nimart irl always keeps the body
in the centre, and the line from the
forehead runs down as though it were
a plumb line. The upper part of her
body goes first, never the lower. The
abdomen is held in and the chest ex-
liunded.-Ex.

How to Bake Fish.
Remove the eyes from the head and
the fins from the body of a dressed fish
\ eighina about four pounds. Soak in
cold water about five ounces (one-
fourth loaf) of bread, from which the
crust has been removed for fifteen
minutes. Put the bread in a piece of
cheesecloth and wring out all the mois-
ture. add a tailespoonful of parsley.
chopped, two tablespoonfuls of onion.
chopped (or a teaspoonful of onion
juice). one-fourth teaspoonful each of
salt and pepper, one-fourth cupful of
melted butter, and, if desired quite 1
dry. the beaten yolks of two eggs. Fill
the body of the fish with the stuffing,
and sew up the opening. Pass the tail
through the sockets from which tl
eyes have been removed, and pass n
skewer through, close to the head. to
Iold it in place. thus curving it into a t
ring.
Arrange on a fish sheet in a baking t
pan, together with bits of on!on. car- s
rot and parsley. The fish sheet, which i


is pierced with holes, Is slightly raise(
from the pan, like the drainer in i
butter dish. Lay thin slices of sal
pork on the top of the fish, and put in
to a hot oven. In about fifteen miln
utes baste with a cupful of hot whitb
broth, and reduce the temperature
Bake forty minutes, basting the fisl
thoroughly every ten minutes with tli
liquor from the pan. Then remove thi
pork. and pour a white sauce made oa
two tablespoonfuls each of butter an(
flour and a cupful of white stock ove]
the fish and sprinkle over this fine sof
bread crumbs that have been stirre(
into melted butter. Bake fifteen min
utes longer, or until the crumbs ar(
brown. Slide the fish from a sheet or
to a warm platter, remove the skewer
squeeze the juice of a lemon over th(
fish, and garnish with parsley anm
slices of lemon. Strain the sauce, re
move the fat, and serve in a sauce
boat. Tomato sauce may be used in
stead of the white sauce. Baste thor
oughly, or the dish will be dry.-Bos
ton Cooking School Magazine.

Breakfast.and Tea Cakes.
Afternoon Tea Bread.-Warm th(
bread bowl and spoon; scald one cu!
milk and allow it to cool; sift th(
flour. Butter the browl, and add the
warm milk, melt one tablespoon but
ter and dissolve one tablespoon sugar
one saltspoon salt and one-fourth east
cake in it: add the flour (sifting it in)
until a stiff dough is made, which doe,
not stick to the bowl. Beat well. Cut
the beaten white of one egg into the
dough carefully. Cover the bowl with
a towel and allow the dough to rise
until twice its size. -If the temperature
is 70 degrees F. it will take an hour.
Cut the dough down and beat well.
Shape into a loaf. Allow to rise until
twice the size. Bake in a hot oven
Salt Rising Bread.-To one teacup
milk add enough boiling water to bring
it to blood temperature, add a little su-
Sar and salt. one large tablespoon gra-
lhai flour or meal and 2 tablespoons
of wheat flour: mix well and set to rise
by placing the bowl In warm water.
Should water show on top, sprinkle in
a little flour and stir. Mix as other
breads, put In the pans and let stand
until light. When risen enough bake
as quickly as possible, and when done
brush the top crust with butter.
Corn Bread.-One cup corn meal
(yellow), one and one-half cups of
flour, two tablespoons of sugar, two
teaspoons of baking powder, piece of
butter the size of a walnut, one and
one-half cupa of SWtemt milk and iolk.1
of two eggs. Add the well beaten
wliite' of the eggs. Beat rast as pos.
sible for a minute. Bake quickly and
steadily for one-half hour.
Beaten Biscuits.-Sift one quart of
flour, mix with one teaspoon salt and
rnt tablespoon lard, moisten with -
water or sweet milk, add the milk or
water gradually and work until
smooth and elastic; then beat for half
an hour or until light and full of bub-
bles. Roll thin, cut with a biscuit cut-
ter. prick with a fork and bake in a
quick oven until a delicate brown.
Drop Biscuit.-Break one egg into a
bowl. beat thoroughly, add one salt-
spoon salt. one tablespoon butter and
one cup milk. Mix well. Sift one
quart of flour with one heaping teas-
poon of baking powder, mix all togeth-
'r until smooth and a very stiff batter.
)rop 'n spoonfuls on a well greased
in. Bake in hot oven.
Cream Muffins.-Mix together well
he yolk of one egg, two tablespoons
ugar. one cup milk and one-half mur
melted butter. Sift in a little flour


N O crop can

t grow witht- /

out Potash.

Every blade of

Grass, every grain

Sof Corn, all Fruits

d and Vegetables

must have it. If

I enough is supplied

Syou can count on a full crop-

* if too little, the growth will be

i "scrubby."
Send for our books tell all about compoaio of
fertilizers best adapted for all crop They cot you
Snothing.
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-




PynyM Ori
S A QUICK CURE FOR
COUGHS AND COLDS
Very valuable Remedy in all
affections of the
THROAT or LUNGS
Large Bottles, 25t.
DAVIS & LAWREXCE CO., Limited,
S Prop's of Perry Davis' Pain-Killer.



with two teaspoonfuls baking powder,
and tial stiff white of tie ggi. A! I
enough sifted flour to make a stiff bat-
ter.
Corn Cakes.-To ,the well-beaten
yolks of two eggs, add a little salt, one
teaspoon melted butter or lard, one
teaspoon soda, a handful of wheat
flour and two cups corn meal sifted,
the whites of the eggs beaten stiff
and nuiigh louri buttermilk to make it
thin batter. Bake on a well-greased
griddle.
Flannel Cakes.--Sft together one
and one-half pints of flour, one table-
spoon brown sugar, one teaspoon salt,
and tw9 tseapoons (heaping) baking
powder; add the beaten yolks of two
eggs and one and one-half pints milk.
Add lightly the whites of the eggs
beaten stiff. Mix in a smooth batter
and bake on a hot griddle.
French Toast.-Mlx well yolk of oun
beaten egg, one teaspoon sugar, a pinch
of nalt and one cup milk; add the itiff
white of the egg and enough flour to
make a thin batter. Dip slices of stale
bread into this custard, drain and
brown them on a well-buttered griddle:
Serve at once with syrup.
One cup of sifted squash, one cup
flour, one cup milk, one egg, one teas-
poon cream tartar, one-half teaspoon
soda. one teaspoon melted butter. Bake
as you would any griddle cake.
Graham Gems.-One quart of flour.
two-thirds graham and one-third
wheat, one-half teaspoon salt, one ta-
blespoon sugar, one pint sour milk, one
teaspoon soda. Stir thoroughly and
bake in hot gem tins.
Corn Cake.-One cup Indian meal.
two tablespoons sugar, one cup flour.
two-thirds tablespoon melted butter.
one cup milk, one and one-half tea-
spoons baking powder and one egg.
Bake in quick oven.-Farm and Home.

Sharpies Cream Separators-Profit-
able Dairying.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 171


POULTRY DEPARTXB NT.

Address all cot mniestios to Poultry De-
Drtmeat. Box mo DeLan. Fi.

Trap Nests.
The trap nest, by means of which
one may keep an individual record of
the number of eggs laid by each hen,
are likely to prove of great advantage
to those who wish to breed only from
their most prolific hens, by cockrels
that are from the best layers. We do
not doubt but by using them and fo
lowing this system for a few years it
will be possible to raise the average
production of a flock to 12-doz a year,
as it is now in a good flock, up to 18 or
20 dozen a year.
But without the trap nests and indi-
vidual records it is impossible to make
some improvement, and to select the
best layers almost invariably to breed
front. Look for the quick, active
hens, that are first off the roost in the
morning, first at the feed, first to begin
to hunt the yard or field over for in-
sects and seeds, and the ones that lead
the others away when they are given
a chance to roam abroad. If such hens
have good, bright combs and wattles,
clear eyes and good plumage. it is safe
to consider that they are good layers
in good health, and that they will give
fertile eggs if well marked, and will
produce chickens as good as or better
than they are. The idle, lazy hen. or
the one that is moping about, is either
sick, lousy or too fat to lay many eggs
or to have her eggs fertile. The last
can be determined by lifting her and
noting the amount of fat which seems
to be placed at the back part of her
body. If very fat she may be made bet-
ter by a little judicious starvation, but
If she is thin In flesh in nine cases out
of ten she will be found to be lousy.-
Farm and Fireside.

Milk for Chlckens.
Milk, in the poultryman'g opinion.
is apt to fall below the chemist's test,
iMoausu It usually la sLimmod bortpo
the hens get It; nor do they always
receive it in prime condition then.
The best practice is to have the fowls
drink all the available milk they will,
because it is good and rather cheap.
A gentleman writes that a hen will
drink three ounces per day, and that
three ounces of milk would contain al-
most as much protein as 8-10 of au
ounce of meat, which latter is consid-
ered a fair daily amount of meat. But,
according to my experience, and that
of many others, hens obliged to drink
milk alone soon get to dislike it. If
free, they choose some water too. as
does many a nursing human ba-
by, and as surely every adult would.
A hen has four stomachs, and one is
a mill, the gizzard. This digestive ap-
paratus does not appear adapted to an
excess of sloppy food. I keep clean
drink in clean dishes before my bid-
dies. They know when and how to
take it. but thrive best when I do not
expect their food also to be slops.
Fresh separator milk is fine. The
first few making from a fresh cow
are often given fowls. But the colos-
trum may seriously physic unless well
diluted with water. Little chicks will
occasionally throw up whole milk, anil
oftener get loose bowels from it. I
dilute that, and even some separator
milk, 'with one-half to one-third warm
water, and find as soon or sooner
than chicks can bear whole milk, they
successfully use a little correctly pre-
pared meat. such as livers cooked
slowly till crumbly. A former practice
was to boil the milk given the little


chicks, but that Is apt to be over-
done and cause constipation. When
milk is about to undergo any change
outside the drinker, that change seems
to go on inside, complicating diges-.
tlon. Stephen Beale, professor of ag-
riculture in England, says in fattening
fowls there is less trouble with sour
than sweet. Certainly if the sweet
milk is very old, it better sour out-
side the fowl. If sour milk, in turn.
becomes very old, and especially if
greenish and decayed, it should be
withheld part of the time, or have one-
third teaspoonful of baking soda added
to each pan, or better yet, be made in-
to wattage cheese.-Ex.

Best Farm Poultry.


F. A. Bolton. writing in Prairie
Farmer, gives his views on the best
kind of poultry for the farm in the fol-
lowing article:
I've tried the egg-producing varieties.
Brown Leghorns, etc., and if the far-
Imers care only for eggs, the:- are the
fowls to raise, but for table use, or for
market, they are a disappointment on
account of size. Most farmers raise,
or at least should faise, more poultry
than they want to keep and when mar-
keted Leghorns bring but little more
than half what the larger varieties sell
for, at least that was my experience.
Few farmers can spare the time when
eggs to set are in demand, to atop the
farm work and drive several miles to
town to send the ordered sitting on its
journey, and as we cannot sell all our
fowls for mating purposes we-must diS-
pose of eggs and fowls in the general
market. As eggs sell at such low
prices most of the year the fowl whose
worth is eggs only, proves unprofitable.
or at least less profitable than one of
good marketable qualities combined
with egg producing. As to the best
fowl for this purpose we may differ in
choice between the Plymouth Rocks,
Langshans, etc. I have the barred
Plymouth Rocks, and find them good
layenrm ond aitternm excellent mother,
and when I want a fry I do not need
more than one chick. Then, when
ready to market they bring a good
price sold by the pound. I sold pullets
last spring that were not nine months
old and had had no extra care or feed
for $4.20 per dozen. I find them hardy
and healthy, and while they do not
equal the Leghorns for eggs in warm
weather, they do as well in winter.
unless an extra warm house is prepar-
ed for the latter. By all means, keep
purebreds or a high grade of what-
ever variety you have, as it costs no
more time, patience or feed to raise a
pure-bred than a mongrel. I do not
think it profitable to keep more than
one breed as it necessitates their be-
ing kept in separate pens and fed much
of the time. which means extra ex-
pense. time and work. If only one va-
riety is kept they can roam at will
about the farm and secured their feel
from what would otherwise be wasted.
and the exercise is necessary for the
health of the fowL My chickens are
fed only when the weather is extreme-
ly bad and they would suffer from ex-
posure, and they are fat and healthy,
and furnish eggs and fowls for the
table besides marketing enough to de-
fray most of the household expenses
for a family of four. What is said of
the hen will apply to ducks, turkeys.
etc. With a pure-bred variety pro-
vided with a warm, clean house (nol
necessarily an expensive one), grit.
freedom and kind treatment, farmer.
will not be disappointed with the re-
suit when their accounts are balanced.


S4 ++* ++ + ++4+++++44 .+ *4 4444



Seed Seed

Please note that I have transferred my seed busi
to Jacksonville, Fla. I can nov offer special i
chasers of SEED OATS, SEED POTATOES. VI
I have 800 pounds . . . . . .


ioc,4X FPor6 qqr4iohpe


+ for delivery by January 1st. Address all

41-P


..4 ....... + ....


order

F.

JA


ness from Gainesville
nducemetts to pur- *
VELVET BEANS, etc.
Sesem





Sand enquiries to p

WIL SON, e


CgKSONVIL. FLA.
AACKBAO AAI A FA .


TYYYYTTvvYYTTYYTTT^


MALLORY- STEAMSHIP LINE.


Ilorida
New York
Phila-
delphia &
Boston
From Brunswick direct to
New York.


Psesufgrer > ervlre.
To mH e close connec-
tions with steamers leave
Jackso,,il e (UL'ion de-
pot) Thursdays :20 a. m..
(F c. & P 3y.)or Fernan-
diu I::0Op. m.. via U..m-
berland steamer; meals
ev, lounl. or "'al rail" via
Plant System at 7:4.' p- m.,
ar. Brunswick 11:3(1 p. m..
paFsei pers on arrival go-
ingdlrectly aboard steam-
tr.


ROPOSBD tAILINGS for Meb 1900.
NORTH BOUND--BRUNSWICK, GA., DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY AS FOLLOWS:
8. S. 110 (GRANDE ........................ ......Friday, March 9.
8. S. COLORADO, ...... .........................Friday, March 16.
RIO GRANDE................................. Friday, March 23.
S. S.. COLORADO ............... ............ Friday. March 30.
SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO BRUNSWICK. STEAMERS LEAVE PIER It
Ei. R., EVERY FRIDAY. 3:00 P. M.
For general information, steamers, trains, rates, etc., apply to
BASIL GILL, Agent. 220 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
H. H. Raymond. General Southern Agent, Brunswick. Ga..
C. 1. NMallorv & Co.. general Afents. Pier 2OF R and I Bromadxay, N. V


:lave YV Efther an

Orange Grove or Oarden ?
pae you anyahin m dt o wnow eater srltrs oP vgfbm1
hen keep In touch with your work by rmuscrlbing fr the

fimtercan Fruit and Vejeto Me Journal,
Published at 713 Masonic Temple. Ch,c..go, Ill

Al; departments of the Fruit and Vegetable business discussed by pmctieal, experienced
p rates *
S We wWil lend this '*.' %- lent rnn'r abaoltely free for one year 'u
all new suhscribers t ti is p.aier. antd to all old subscribers P;yii
S their subscription o,.e y ar i, ..dvauce. Beo h papers for the ri ,
ofone. Sen your subscription to this ofi,:e bhile thbi otff.r
open. Both papers W.00.
FLORIDA AGRICULTURIT''.



YOUR HORSE B. a o.,ttl
if suffering from an enlargement can be quickly
put on nis feet. No need to blister or fire.
The enlargement will be quickly absorbed by


Sloan's Linui'm
Nothing like it to cure a sore tendon,
or to kill a spavin, curb or splint.
This remedy is known to more driv-
ers and horsemen than any other lin-
iment, because it does the work by
Its pexetratisn qualities.
wNsps A. ma a maE, ~s, Oll,, .M. L ler .enera Iy.


Fowls require a greater amount of WE STILL HAVE A FEW
food, and in more variety, when con- Nice Satsuma oranges on Trifollata
fined than when they have a free
range. stocks, entirely unhurt by cold. Also
peaches, plums, grapes, etc., including
the famous James Grape. A few
It is wasteful feeding that reduces thousand Trifolita seedlings yet un-
profits. To feed half spoiled foc41 is
waste, and to feed more than can herice low reght s pa
eaten with a good appetite is wasteful; Summit Nurseries.
too. Monticello, Fla.










72 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


HER BIRTHDAY.


There had been a heavy frost in the
bight, and when the sunlight fell ath-
wart the old chestnut, flakes of gold
drifted through the crisp air, as the
leaves relaxed their summer hold and
rustled to their winter sleep. But
Rhoda gazed at the pretty sight with
unseeing eyes and a frowning brow,
her heart untuned to the morning's
gladness.
The cockoo, in the dining room clock,
thrust out its head and chirped the
half hour, then this little door closed
smartly. Roda glanced up impatient-
ly. "Half past seven and papa will
have to hurry his breakfast. As for
Sibyl, I suppose she is just bestirring
herself. Everything goes wrong since
mamma left us!" Her lip quivered and
tears stood in her eyes. "She would
have remembered that this is my
birthday, but nobody else will." A
pang of self-pity made the tears over-
flow.
"They can't even be on time for
breakfast by way of a celebration,"
she murmured, her irritation growing
apace. Just then her father's cheery
voice was heard in the hall, and Rhoda
made haste to conceal her tears, half
ashamed of her morbid mood. If her
eyes were suspiciously red, Mr. Vinton
apparently failed to notice it. "What,
waiting for your snail of a father?'
he cried. "Oh, I see, I am a trifle
late," as his eyes followed Rhoda's re-
proachful glance at the clock. "Wi
won't wait for SibyL"
Rhoda presided over the coffee pot
in dignified silence. No, her father
certainly had no remembrance that
this was one of the special days that
her mother was wont to celebrate, her
elder daughter's birthday. Oh, how
many sweet observances would pass
with her mother! Rhoda rattled the
cups to hide the little sob that escap-
ed her control. No, the others inus'
not pass; there, too, she must strive to
fill her mother's place.
Mr. Vinton, with a word of apology.
had taken refuge from the severe si-
lence in the morning paper, glancing
at the head lines as he hurried his
meal. However, he heard the sob and
cast a keen glance over the top of the
paper at Rhoda's downcast face.
"Poor little woman," he thought ten-
derly; "how she tries to fill her moth-
er's place! But it is too heavy a bur-
den for young shoulders. She is feel-
ing the strain in more ways than one."
"Is there peace in this humble
dwelling?" cried a gay voice outside
the door, and a bright eye twinkled
mischievously in at the crack. "Do
forgive me dear people, but I quite for-
got the passage of time. I put my
head out of the window to say 'good
morning' to the glorious day, and the
shower of falling leaves held me spell-
bound." Rhoda did not deign to loo'.
that way. A perverse spirit had taken
possession of the girl. "You must make
haste, now," she said, severely. But,
as Sibyl fluttered by her on her way
to her seat, something caught 'Rhodn's
unwilling eye.
"Now, Sibyl," she said, in disapprov-
ing surprise, "why have you put on
your new gown? It is not intended
for ordinary school wear. Oh. dear, I
wish you would show some sense of
the fitness of things!" Sibyl bit her
lip and cast an appealing glance at her
father, who, for a moment, looked a
trifle uncomfortable.
"Oh-er, I forgot to tell you that I
promised Sibyl that she might take
lunch with me in town to-day," he ex-


plained. "I suppose the new gown is
in honor of the occasion. She has
some errand to do, I believe, so she
will not come home until the latter
part of the afternoon. You will have
a good, long day to yourself, daught-
er. I hope it will be a happy one," he
added, gently, as he arose from the ta-
ble. "Thank you," Rhoda said cold-
ly. "You will have to hasten, Sibyl
It is too late to go by the electrics.
You would better go to town on the
train."
"All right," Sibyl assented cheerful-
ly. "I'll be with you, papa, before 3 ou
get to the corner," and she proceede'l
to finish her breakfast with a school
girl's marvelous celerity. Rhoda
watched with his disapproving eyes.
"I hope you will son have liesure for
acquiring respectable table manner.."
she said, tartly. "At least be morne
careful when you lunch with papa."
Sibyl opened her lips for a hasty re-
tort, then thought better of it. Her
quick ear had caught the thrill of
wounded pride in Rhoda's speech.
"Why don't you come, too," she said
impulsively. "We -" then a sudden
thought checked the rest of the sen-
tence. "No, I thank you," Rhoda said<
loftily," I have too much to do."
Rhoda sat quietly until the closing
hall door assured her that her sister
n as gone. "No one remembers-no
one cares." she thought, miserably.
"I don't even believe they miss mam-
ma, as I do. And now they plan pleas-
ant things while I am forgotten. Oh.
it is so hard-hard!" And though in
her heart she knew her bitter thoughts
to be unjust, the morbid mood held hei
in its grasp and she cried bitterly. A
spirit of restless energy took posses-
sion of her and the day was devoted
to the accomplishment of distasteful.
and trying duties that had been hith-
erto postponed. Lunch was hastily
disposed of, though Norah, the cook.
had provided Rhioda's favorite salad.
"Shure. it's worrukin' too hard ye
are, Miss Rhody," she said." peering
into the dining room. as Rhoda push-
od back her chair, impatiently. "An'
it's not more'n would contint a bir-rd
that yez do be eatin." "It is all I need."
the girl said. shortly, still hugging her
martyr mood; and Norah retired with
a disappointed face-her little attempt
at celebration unnoticed and unappre-
ciated.
But when dusk fell Rhoda was theo
roughly weary. Pushing open the do,:-
of her mother's room, she crossed to
the bow window and, dropping limply
upon a cushion, pillowed her head on
the sill. The fair day, which had been
full of darkness to her. hail slipped
away. leaving the west a-glimmer with
purest, palest green, portent of frost.
Gradually the tender associations of
the place brought healing to her sore
spirit, and as tears wet her eyes, Rho-
da's mood changed. "Dear mother."
she whispered, as if she felt the loving
spirit near. "I feel so miserable. but
give me time."
A sweet stillness had fallen over
the suburban town. broken only by
the occasional rattle of a passing wag-
on, or the distant whistle of the trains
plying between the city and its off-
spring. Rhoda listened dreamily for
the approaching footsteps that would
give warning of the return of her falh-
er and sister. Sitting up, she raised
the window a crack that she might not
be caught unaware. "I was so cross
this morning that I must make their
honme-coming cheery," she whispered
penitently.
Just then came the sound of running


feet and the clamor of boyish voices.
Something in their tone of excited hor-
ror brought Rhoda to her feet. Throw-
ing the window wide open, she leaned
out into the crisp air, but could get no
clue as to the cause of the hubbub. A
door in the opposite house opened anl
a man ran down the steps. Hello!"
he called imperatively, after a passing
rabble, "What's up?" "The 5:10 out
has gone through the bridge at the
Hopedale crossing," came the impati-
ent answer. "j
"Anybody killed?" "Don't know yet:
just going down;" and the dusky fig-
ure waited for no further interrogation.
Rhoda clutched at the wall for sup-
port. She tried to cry out, but no
words could come. As Mr. Kenyon
sprang up the steps, he caught a
strange sound from the dark house op-
posite. With a quick intuition regard-
ing its cause, he turned back, scan-
ning the windows.
"Did anybody call?" he asked. "Is it
you, Miss Rhoda?" The electric light
shown in her white face as the girl
looked down with wild, beseeching
eyes. "Oh, what shall I d;?" she
moaned. "What shall I do?" "I am
going right down to Hopedale," her
neighbor said, quickly; and something
in the strong, kindly voice stead'vc1
her. "There is nothing for you to do
as yet. It would be useless for yon'
to go with me. Keep a brave heart
for whatever may come, and try to be-
iieve that this trouble may not be ftr:
you to bear."
"For me to bear-for me to bear"'
Rhoda muttered, struggling for
calmness, that she might think cole!-
ently. The night wind grew keener a -
the darkness settled down. and its chill
was a potent aid to her effort. Her
first impulse was to summons Norah;
hut at the head of the stairs she stop-
ped. She could not yet bear her shrill
outcries and impulsive sympathy. And
what could she do? What did people
do in such terrible emergencies? At
her helplessness and inability to meet
this appalling crisis Rhoda groaned
ilond. Hurrying back to the window.
she strained her ears for further tid-
ings. The street below now echoed to
hurrying feet, as dark figures pressed
on toward the scene of the disaster.
What had Mr. Kenyon said? "This
trouble may not be for you to bear."
Rhoda started. She had laughed aloud
-a bitter laugh, not good to hear.
Falling on her knees, she pressed her
forehead to her clasped hands, and the
tension broke in an agony of tears.
"Dear Father." she sobbed again, and
again, "Must I bear it-must I bear
it?"
Suddenly the words died away,
struck into silence by a sound far up
the street-the sound of approaching
wheels. Still hiding her face, Rhoda
waited, catching her breath that she
iilight better hear. In the interminable
minutes she grew calm in the desper-
ate acceptance of sorrow. It did not
surprise her when, just below the win-
dow, the heavy wagon stopped.
"Have a care now," cautioned a gruff
voe!e below. Without a downward
glance. the girl rose stiffly, and with a
set face. walked steadily down the
stairs and threw the hall door wide
open.
"Oh, hear!" cried a clear young
voice in vexation, "I did so hope you
would not be about, Rhoda. Now the
edge is taken off the surprise. Why.
what has happened?" For Rhoda had
rushed down the sfeps and seized her
in her arms. "Sibyl!" she cried. "are
you really safe? Where is papa?"-As


A Melrosc Miracle.

a.wr i.Nk was ept a Prisenmr by Ram
mattss-m ae Had to be Lifted in me
Out of Bdl-How a Pew Dollav'
Weothi rmdlete Cuavr Her.

In a pretty little home in Melroe, Mass.,
lives Mrs. Mabel E Polk and her family.
Lest March the happy family was stricken
by diphtheria. One after the other the six
little children lay at death's door. The
faithful mother who nursed them back to
health and strength, worn out with care and
anxiety, was at last rendered helpless by
rheumatism. After trying many remedies
without beneficial results she took Dr. Wil-
lams' Pink Pills for Pale People and was
cured.
Mrs. Mabel E. Polk tells her story a fol-
lows:
"I nursed my children through diph-
theria last March, and as soon as they got
better I was taken down with rheumatism.
I suffered everything. I was so helpless that
I could not
get out or into
Some ont had
to lift me. All
power to
move my feet
and legs was
Sgone. When
I wished to
m .e p cotined ak ne their
Po n on had
to get some
Sone to move
l Them for me.
CbuOtdoet Walk Aone. My kind
neighbors came to see me and suggsted
many kinds of medicine and I tried-them
all, bat I got no relief till I tried Dr. Wil-
lims' Pink Pills f r Pale People. I took
two boxes and I can truthfully say that I
never got any relief until I took them. After
I wasso I could get about, my hearttroubled
me, so I continued taking them and have no
trouble with my heart now. A week ago
last Sunday was the first time I have bee
out of the house for seven months, and now
I not only am able to attend to all my house
bold duties, lut Ican get down town, or to
see my neighbors, whenever I want to doAo.
I can t hlf tell what Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills for Pale People have done for me.
When I look back over those seven months
of sutering and helplessness, I am hardly
realize that I am the same person. I have
told all my friends about my cure and have
induced many of them to take the pill."
Mas. MABEL E. POL.
rAT e of MASACHUTTs1
CoUITrr OF MIDDLSBEX.
August 81 18N.
There rsonally appeared7Mr. iabel .
Polk, and acknowleded her signature to the
abeve deelration, before me.
EDww S. SMALL,
J.gecI of tLe wpao
Dr. Willms' Pink Pills for Pale People
enatain in a condensed form all the ele-
ments neeeary to give new life and richne
to the blood and restore shattered rves.
At druggists or direct from Dr. Willeim
Medicine Oo., Schenectady, N. Y., 50 cents
per box, or six boxes for $2.50.


she spoke her eyes were fixed upon the
men, who were busy with some ob-
Ject in the wagon.
"'Safe? Why shouldn't I be safe?"
her sister cried in astonishment. "Pa-
pa is delayed by business and cannot
come out until the 6 o'clock train.
What is the matter, dearest?" begin-
ning to be frightened, in turn, as the
light from the hall showed her Rhoda's
face. "What is that? Are you telling
me the truth about papa?" the elder
cried, gripping Sibyl's arm until she
winced.
"That is your birthday present from
papa and me," Sibyl explained at once.
"Please set it in the hall" she said
quietly to the men, who were staring
at Rhoda curiously. "Come, Dody,"
and she drew her sister up the steps
and into the dimly lighted drawing
room. "Now tell me all about it." At
that moment careless, light-hearted
Sibyl foreshadowed the womanly
strength that would one day be here.
Her touch brought comfort and peace .
Trembling and unstrung, Rhoda gi-.,
her but an incoherent explanation.
The color faded in Sibyl's cheeks, and
her clasp on Rhoda's hands gre--
closer.
"'Oh, Dodo," she cried, "God has been
very good to m&e Do you know how it







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 173


happened that I did not take that
train?" A note of awe crept into her
voice. "Papa and I searched a long
time before we found just the writing
desk that we wanted for your birthday
gift. It was so late then that Noyes &
Westcott's teams were all out, and
they would not deliver it until tomor-
row. So papa hunted up an express-
man upon whom he could depeqlI for of
course we must have it here tonight.
We would have bought it yesterday,
but papa could not leave his office. I
was so anxious about it I- "
She stopped and looked askance aii
Rhoda, who was hanging upon her
words, "I am afraid you won't like it"
-and she gave an embarrassed laugh
-"but after they started. I was afraid
they might make some mistake, an
anyway I wanted to be here when they
arrived. Papa said it would be no
harm, If I weuld feel easier, so I hop-
ped onto an electric car, and when 1
overtook them, I got out and asked the
men to let me ride on the express wag-
on. It was dark and nobody knew me,
and 1 don't ever expect to do it again,"
she ended apologetically. Rhoda was
gualng Into the pretty, fliuli% face
with a strange Intensity. "Do you
know," she murmured, "that I have
filled my birthday with bitter, selfish
thoughts, while papa and you were
planning for my happiness. I thought
you forgot-that you did not care-
and It is through your thoughtfulness
and care that God has spared you to
me!"
Somebody ran up the steps and a
key clicked in the lock. "Rhoda!"
called Mr. Vinton. "My poor little
girl!" and as she ran to meet him, he
caught her in his arms. "I saw Key-
you," he said after an interval, "a.
he told me you had heard of the acci-
dent and were waiting. It has been a
woeful birthday for my little womea!"
His eye was caught by the dainty,
slender-legged mahogany desk, now
divested of its burlaps, the light strik-
ing answering gleams from its polish-
ed surface. "You need not keep the
desk, Rhoda," he said, quietly looking
across the tumbled locks to read ac-
quiescence in Siby's sensitive face.
"It will recall too much that Is best for-
gotten. Sibyl and I will find some-
thing else to tell you or our love ana
appreciation of our little house-moth-
er."
Rhoda fell on her knees before the
desk and laid her arms lovingly
across it. "I don't deserve it," she
cried, "but do let me keep It. It will
help me to remember other things. Be-
sides, if it hadn't been for the desk,
you-oh, I can't even think of it!" She
shut her eyes and pressed her cheek
against the satiny wood. Mr. Vin-
ton looked at her with a sudden strict-
ure of the heart. At the instant, her
face was like that ot her he had
loved and lost awhile."-Orange Judi
Farmer.

Capt. Guy Barrows in Pearson's
Magazine maintains that cannibalism
is a sign of a little higher development
than the tribes who do not practice it
possess. It is a relic of some religious
rite or perhaps hunger that has been
retained until the descendents like the
practice of it. The flesh of relatives
is never eaten, and some tribes forbid
the use of human flesh to their wom-
en. A cannibal Is often kind and af-
fectionate and no bad moral results
have been discovered from it.

When we learn that birds are our
friends we will have fewer insects.


PEN AND ScCI8OS.

John D. Rockefeller will be able next
spring to entertain his friends at his
place at Tarrytown on his private golf
links. A nine hole course, which, it is
said, will be the finest in the country,
is being laid out. It was planned by
Willie Dunn, and he is supervising the
work. The course will be ready for
use early in the season, and only Mr.
Rockefeller's guests will have acces-
to it. When the work on course wa
started, it was supposed Mr. Rockefel-
ler was building it for the use of
wealthy residents of that section, Ibut
this is not the case.

A humorous touch in connection with
L.afcadio Hern's naturalization as a
Japanese was the reduction of his pro-
fessional salary from 150 to 50 yen a
month. As a foreigner he drew a lar-
ger salary than the native instructors,
but at the dinner in celebration of his
change of nationality, the president of
the university rose and observed that
now that Professor Hern had become
one of them the last insidious distinc-
tion would be removed by cutting down
his salary. And the American born
professor tried to look as though he
enjoyed it.

The chief essential of success for a
young man ia what the vast majority
of young men think about the least-
that is, good health and a sound con-
stitution. That is the first thing; noth-
ing precedes it. In the battle for suc-
cess that should be a young man's first
thought-not his abilities or his work.
but his health. That is the basis, the
-ornoratone of nll AHilities cannot
bring health, but health may and gen-


erally does develop ability.-Ladies'
Home Journal.

When the German emporer wans
school at Cassel. he and his brother.
Prince Henry, lodged in an old castle
near, but in the school the boys:
were treated exactly like any other
youngsters. On one occasion, it is re-
lated, a master, knowing that Prince
William was backward in Greek an'
wishing to curry favor with him, tohl
him secretly what the subject of the
next day's examination would b1
Early next morning the prince went in
to the classroom and wrote the infoi-


mation on the blackboard in huar kidney trouble.
letters, not wishing to have any unfair Kidney trouble causes quick or unsteady
advantage over his schoolfellows. heart beat and makes one feel as though
they had heart trouble, because the heart is
- - over-working in pumping thick, kidney-
A new industry is that lulleln poisoned blood through veins and arteries.
singing. Young women who are study It used to be considered that only urinary
in vol music very often turn their troubles wre to be traced to the kidneys,
il voal often but new modern slen19e proveY that nearly
growing talent to small account, at all constitutional diseases have their begin-
least, by going to nurseries two or ning in kidney trouble.
three times a week to sing to the chil- If you are sick you can make no mistake
at bedte ~hour sofD cong by first doctoring your kidneys. The mild
ren at bet:e hour sof croonig and the extraordinary effect of Dr. Kilmer's
lullabies. It is in households, of course, Swamp-Root, the great kidney remedy is
where the mother has no singing voice, soon realized. It stands the highest for its
and who Ibelieeyv i the !penne of wonderful cures of the most distressing cases
sweet and correct singing on the de- and sold on ts me
Sby all druggists in fifty-
veloping ear of the chid. This mna cent andone-dollar siz-
seem the exaggeration of detail, but es. You may have am
in these days it is the trifles that are sample bottle by mail ome o swamp-.oo
considered in their bearing upon the free also pamphlet telling you how to find
out if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
large results, Mention this paper when writing Dr. KilRW
& Co., Binghamton, N. Y.


,"THE HECKEY NEST BOX."
Is just the thing. It shows to a certainty
which hen lays and the egg she lays. Also
pedigrees poultry. Nothing else like It.
great money maker. Poultry raisers must
use It to be successful. Don'twaste time and
money feeding drones, use this valu.,ble in.
vention; cull them out and keep your layers.
Agents wanted everywhere. Big profits (701
er cent.) Quickest seller out. S-nd "c stamp
at onue fok illurlitfsa fsagspiiei BaLil*
giving full information, and secure terri-
tory. Address. J. P. HECK, Lock Box 65.
Pittsfle:d. Ill.


Western Poultry Farm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial 10c. One yr. 25c.
It tells how to make poultry raising
profitable. It is up to date. 24 pages.
S.on to day. We sell beast !!iui4 'le V!-
er for 75 ets per gallon. Aluminum leg
bands for poultry, 1 do.., 20,ats; 5 for 30
cts; 50 for 50 cts; 100 for $1


Ocean Steamship Co.,


SArtistai -

MONUMENTS
SaISCUTD I ........
rHM LATiST DESIGNS OF

Marble

.nrd. rarnite.

ren Pernoirn - -
For cemetery ard bv i tl (tnr

AU work guaranteed. Prices reason. ,e.
Correspond with :: :: ::
GEO. R. NICHOLS d CO.
05 Harrison Street.
rA MP rFOeQIA


TEl FN



I ONLY TOOLS YOU IrE.

Bat. corrugated or Vrpe A &
Price per equarof
Nsmar0 ..... .


io general merchandise boght Ir I
S eha'f s ad tceiver's sals
.. PRICES ARE 9l11- O .lF OF
CHICAGOHOUSEWRECKINGOO.
'W. 35th & Iron t*., ChiOyO.
_m!l luPum iuugrnseq


Part Rail, Part Sea.

IKSL Freight and Luxurious Passeiger Route
-----FROM


FLORIDA TO NEW YORK,

BOSTON & THE EAST.


SShort Rail Ride to Savannah.

Thence via Ship, SaIline from Savnnah, Four Ihipa Bach
F Week to New Trk, a nd Two to Boston.
* All ticket agents and hotels are applied with monthly sailing schedules.
S Write for general information, ruling s-chedules, stateroom reservations,
I call on


E. H. Hinton, Trace Manager,
gavamna, .


Walter Hawkins, Gen'l Agt.
2" W. Bay St., Jacksonville. via


"SAVANNAH LINE."


Over-Work Weakens
Your Kidneys.
Unhaltly iadneys Make Impure Bood.
All the blood in your body passes through
your kidneys once every three minutes.
Ih n kidneys are your
blood purifiers, they fil-
Ster out the waste or
impurities in the blood.
If they are sick or out
of order, they fail to do
/ their work.
Pains, achesandrheu-
matsm come from ex-
S bl of uric acid in the
Blood, due to neglected


04-W L.;;.~~s Dg-!







174 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


WITH THE JOKER.

IMPRESSED ON HIS MEEMR..K
"'ou don't know wot you re talking a-
bout," said Tultoid Knutt as the two way-
farers came to the torks of the road. "Yere's
where we turn to the left."
"How do you know so blamed much about
it?' sulkily inquired Goodman uonrong.
"l'd ort to know," rejoined Tuffold Knutt.
"I was rode on a rail all over this neighbor-
hood once about fifteen years ago."-Chicago
I ribune.
THE TRIUMPH OF INSTINCT.
Her eyes started from their sockets. A cold
perspiration stood upon her brow.
It was a terrible struggle between her wo-
manly instincts and her conventional sense of
duty.
All this at whist, and naturally her womanly
instincts triumphed.
That is to say she trumped the ace which
her husband had led.
But at once she swooned away.-- Detroit
Journal.

A COMPREHENSIVE CLUB.
She- V hat is this Liar's club I hear some
of the men talking about.
Sie-t, ell, I suppose it it i clull
She-Of course it is, but what I mean is. is
it an organized body?
He-I suppose so. It has a name.
She-I know that, too, but do the members
of it meet?
He-Certainly. They meet on the street and
in offices and most everywhere.-Detroit Free
Press.

AN ADDED ATTRACTION.
Edith-1 know he has lots of money. but for
all that I don't see how lilanche could marry
him.
bertha-Perhaps you have not heard that he
has been refused by no less than three life in-
surance companies.-Boston Transcript.

A MAN WITH BREEDING.
She-You are the most exasperating man on
earth. Here I scold you for half an hour, and
you won't answer. Why don't you talk?
He-1 never use strong language in the
presence of a lady.-Indianapolis 'rcss.

A POSSIBLE EXPLANATION.
larold--1 thikL Algy's engagement with
Miss \ an Swelle must be broken off. I don't
see them together any more.
Percy-Prehaps they are married.-New
York Journal.
A BAD LOT.
Harold Proudfoot-W-hat. Not a bit parlicu
lar whether you get married or not? Why,
some girls pray for men.
Grace Witmer-Well, you can't blame them
for that-the men need praying for.-luck
riihYSiAL IMPOSSIBILITY.
Nell-- wouldn't be in your shoes for any-
thing.
Hell (sweetly)-You couldn't get into them
my dear.-Tit-Bits.

OBSTINATE WOMAN.
"CloraIwhsn yvu ar in the wires y-" "n'-
will acknowledge it."
"Yes, I will, only I'm never in the wrong."
-Chicago Record.

HIS PA EXPLAINS.
Tommy-Pa, is the baby crying because he
hasn't any teeth?
Father-No, my son; he's crying because he
is going to have some.- Puck.

THE WORST OF ALL.
Hill-There is a handorgan trust, now.
Jill-Another grinding monopoly.--VYnkcrs
Statesman.
forob& i(R h.,oln iCaaa whetospf -uAffEl
WHAT OFFENDED HER.
Milk Dealer-What did you say to Mrs.
Sharpe yesterday when you called for her
money?
Driver-Nothing particular. Why?
Milk Dcalrr-5hrc sent word that -hic don't
want us to serve her any more. You must
have said something to offend her.
Driver-No, I didn't. I simply asked her
for the money for the week's milk. She says,
"You had better chalk it up," and I says,
"We do that already."-Catholic Standard and
Times.

MENTIONED AS USUAL.
(lara-Dd the newspapers notice your papa
at tbh kraan.t*
Fre4die--es.
Clara-Well, mama, said she could not see
his name in the list.
Freddie-No. but the list ends with "and
others." That means papa. They always
mention h;m that way.-Tit-Bits.

SPREADING HAPPINESS. .
"I have but one rule that I follow absolute-
ly in this life, and that is to make other peo-
ple as happy as possible."
Well," he replied, "you ought to be grat-
ified then at what I heard a young lady say
the other day."
"What was that?"
"She said that whenever she saw you danc-
in she had to laugh."-Chicago Times-Her-
ald.

AN EMBARRASSING SITUATION.
[ibba (ftet~iestl.l)--Th;s ia a pictr, of mf
wife's first husband.
Dobbs-Great snakes. What a brainless
looking idiot. But I didn't know your wife
was married before she met you?
DI bl--bS wmao't. That is picture A my
self at the age of 0.--London Fun.

LETTING WELL ENOUGH ALONE.
Bobbs-I see that a man has invented a
typewriter that you just sit down and talk to


TRHEATY PLANT SYSTEM.

A pcral- THE GREAT THROUGH CAR LINE.
tent cough s
at r i or I LOCAL SCHEDULE.
friend, for it
giVes Warn- North bound. IN EFFE(T 1 EB. 18, 1900. Southbound
ing of the ap- Re down. Read up.
proach of a 140 78 1 I I 23 37 I n I m
C ...... 7.10a l30 71.00p Lv.. ...... Port Tampa....... .....Arj 8.Up 9.40pj 7. .......
deadly ene- ....... 7.35a.0 7.pv .. .. Tampa Bay Hotel.. .. .... .Arl 8.40( 9.1 7.0 ........
my. Hed .aS 7.40p L.... ......Tam pa............. Ar 7.30p 9.0p 7.20 .....
H ..... .. pLv .... Punta G orda .... .. .. ..Ar.25p 11.25p 5.20p.......
the warning ...i. S 6 Lv .......Bartow.... .... ....Ar S.30p 8.30p 7.0a .......
before t is ....... 9 Lv.. .. .. .. Lakeland...... .... Ar 6.20p 7.50p 6.1a .......
before it i .... .... 2.. .4p v... ...Kissimmee.. .. ......Ar ....... 6.4p 4.65 .......
too late, be- ...... I ....... 2.4 1.14 Lv .. .. .. ..Orlando.. .. .... . .ri....... 5.4p 4. 3 ........
too......... la. ........ Winter Park ...... ..Ar....... 5.40p 4.11a .......
fore your ........ i.. .. Sanford .... ... ..r ....... 5.10 3.30a .......
31 8.00a Ar .... ..DeLand ...... ....... 3.ZgP...........
lungs be- :::::: :::::v.... .DeLand :........ ...... 3. ...... .......

.flamed, be 5.35p 6.42 .3Lv.. ........Magnolia.. ........ Ar10.36a .7p12.Ua 5.0sp
fore the 12.10p a.0p 7.rp .!0 A.. ....J.... ok. onville .. .. Lvi .4.0a .ll2.iO01.0 t.00P
t ,t 1 ....... 710a .. ............ L ........... Port Tampa........ Ar .06pl ...............
doctor says, Consump- ...... 7.a........... .. .. Tampa Bay Hotel.............Ar 7p... I............
tion." When the dang.er. ....... 7.45a ........ Lv .......... Tampa.......... Ari 7.30p1......................
tion." When the danger ... .. .... .. ..Punta Gorda... .. ..Ar 1.26p .....................
signal first appears, help 5....... ......... .. Btow...... ...Ar 8 ....................
nature with 9.10 ....... ILv....... Lakel and......... .Ar 6.20p ...................
S7.0ature0 w ith Lv;; .:... . St Petersburg........Ar 9.30p ...... ..........
... 7.501 .... ... Lv.. .... .. .. Belleire....... ..Ar 8.i.op .................
.......11.7a ......... |L... Lv. .... Leesb burg........Ar 3.43p ..............
7.00a l. p ............ L .. .. .... Ocala.... . ..Ar 2.06p .............. .2p
9.00 3S.45p ............. r.. ..Gainesville........ ..Lv 12.0p .............. 7.00p
7.30a 2.15p ....p ..... L .. ... Gainesville.. . Ar 1.30p .............. 8.4
10.00al 4.40p 3.5p 2l.4. Lv L .. ....... Palatka........ .... ArlU.30al Z.05p 1.06a 6.30p
12.10p 6.30p 7.M 4.30pA .. .. ... .Jacksonvillc........ Lv| 9.40a(12.30pPl.20p 4.00p
....... 5.00a ........... ... .. .. .. Petersburg ...... .. Ar10.30p ...... .......
l I 5.4 ............ Lv.. .. t... Belleailr .. ..... .. p ....... .......
... ..10.37 ............ : Lv ........Leesburg.. .. 4.46p ....... ..... :::::
7.m 00.12 p .............. Lv......OcOal .......... Ar 2.50p ...... ......
9. 3.00p ....... ....... A.. ... Galn.ville ......Lv 12..p..
7.30. 1.45p .............. L.. .. .. Gainevil.. ........ Ar 1. .. 8.4o
10.00al e430p ............. v....... Palars. .Ar 11.25 6.3S1p
Don't delay until your 12. 30p............ .. .. ......Jackonville .....Lv...... 4.1
lungs are sore and your Faou JACKSONVILLE TO JIBSSUP. SAVANNAH AND CHARLESTON
cold settled down deep 161 I 34! 1 32 38 1 I I 14 1 78
in your chest. Kill the i v Jacksonville ............... i 5.001a 7.Oal .OOal 8. .lop 1.35p 7.46p1 7.41p 7.41
Ar Wayvroaa............ .... 9 0, 9.321 9.a,| 9, 1.i0Lp 3.30pV . np a-9plo.-lap
enemy before the deadly Ar Jessup................ .... ..i 0..a.al il0.5al .4p 4.22p 1t.au piitU.14 p
blow kills you. Cure Ar Savannah.................10.30 ..... 12.1p12.1p 4.0p 5.4p p ....... 1.15
Ar Charleston.......... ..... ... ........... ........ ... 4.39p ....... p ...... ...... .
your cough today. FROM CHARLBETON, SAVANNAH AND JESSUP TO JACKSONVILLE.
One dose brings relief. 13 35 35 37 31 a 1 5
A few doses make the Lv Charleston................1511pl.......... 30.........................
cure complete. Lv avannah.... ......... .. ...a.... I 2.. al0a ...... . a .......
Lv Jesoup.... .... ........ I .10al 6.40i 7.35al.0eaU.2.a |1.57p 4.6I4p .pl. .......
Thrls a rm; sUF~'rll e r- r M < Lv Waycross.... .......... 3 .4ll 5.30a 6.3a| 8.5 al0.21al.05p .6p| 8.06pI 8s.40p
S lf twierhasrmr msi ma. Ar Ja&01tnv .... .... ...... T1-al isa.i S.Lll.50wi 1-.00 oo p.3i t7.40llO.00pltlin0,
"I consider your Cherry Petoal Jacksonville, Thomaaville and Mont- Waycross and Brunswick.
the best remedy for colds and gomery. Eastbound. Westbound
coughs and all throat affections. Northbound Southbound 88 I 90 I I 87 I s
I have used t for 30 year and It 7 a | I 27 9.50p1 7.1alLv. Waycross Arl 9.30a 8.Sp
certainly beats them all." .01 .S
D. B. rsu 7. p. Al 7.w 11.30p i0.15al.Ar Brunswick L.v 71:1a 5
DO a ltl.0 V Uinil. l9,lp p, A .WaoePs ..Lv 5.ulla 8 40 Wayeroas and Albany.
12.6 1.12pAr Vloa .p Westbound EastDouna.
W10M I t 0.u. 4 .a 1.40p5Ar Thomasville "Lv 2.0 .3p -l
Ify n ihave.nyconm-alntwhateer 9.20plAr. MoatWery .
and dWsi e e the bdst menial adv y1 0.45p 10.10alLv. Waycross .Arl 6.46aj 7.49p
an p.ssihiy reelve. write the dcor 3.4i~a 2.10plAr Albany Lvll2.Ol1a 3.41p
free'. Yo will receive propt 3.46a 2.1pA Albany Lv2.
ply, without cost. Address Conneotions made at Charleston with Atlantic Coast Line. At Savannah with
D.R J. C. AYER, Lowell, Mam Southern Railway. Central of Georgia Railway, Ocean Steamship Company and
Merchants and Miners Transportation Company. At Jesup with Southern Rall
-. a. -way. At Montgomery with Louisvlale and Nashville Railroad and Mobile & Ohio
Railroad. At AAeny with Central of Georgia Railway.
PLANT STEAMSHIP LINE- teamships Mascotte and Olivette.
and it vMoa,., ThurL. ana Uat..10-MOp...L---- Fort TamnaAr..ll.Olte TuSak Thurr end Sun
and it writes out everything you say. Tues., Fri. and Sun.... 3.00p....Ar..Key West.... Lv.. T.00p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
Dobbs-T guess I'll keep mine. She doesn't Tues., Fri. and Sun..... 9.00p....Lv..Key West.... Ar.. 6.00p Mon., Wed. and Bat.
write everything I say and I'm glad of it.- Wed., Sat. and Mon.... 6.00a....Ar..Havana...... Lv..12.30p Mon., Wed. and Bat.
Baltimore American.
SInformation regarding adhedules, through car arrangements, reservations, etc.,
THE TROUBLE. may be secured upon application to
"I want you to tell me plainly, doctor," GEORGE H. PARKILL. City Ticket Agent, 138 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville.
said the man with fat government position, B. W. WRENN, Paoenger Traffic Manager, H. C. McFADDEN, Div. Pass Agt.
"what is the matter with me," Savannah. Ga. Jacksonville. Fla.
"Well, sir," answered the old doctor, lean-
ing back in his chair and looking at his beefy,
red faced patient, "you are suffering from tn- that I could afford to have any more. On an average a horse will require
derwork and overpay.-Chicago Tribune. Husband-Did you find the hat you wanted?
\V. Wife-Oh, yes. It is a perfect dream, John, nine minutes to consume a pound of
IN AN APARTMENT -HOUSE. and it only cost l.--Collier'$s Weekly. oats and about twelve minutes to eat
Visitor-What is that racket? the same weight of hay. Give them
Inmate-That's some fellow getting a tooth THE PRICE OF ADMISSION.
out down stairs in the-dentist's office. Mrs. Smith (looking up from her paper)- plenty of time to dispose of their food
V\isitor-Sounds more as if it came from What does it mean in the Washington news o t rly d t
ahoyr, when it seaks of "'the lower house?" or It will not be properly digested.
Inmate-So it does. I guess it's Young- Mr. Smih--Thi mnan th6 hvai of ap-
pop's new baby getting a tooth in.-Phila- resentatives. The senate is higher.
delphia Press. Mrs. Smith-How is it higher? Do you Farmers ahd builders will find it to
mean that it costs more to get there?-Phila- their advantage to write to Ge.
UNDER SOCIAL PRESSURE. delphia Record. their advantage to write to Geo. .
Judge-Whnt explanation have you to offer Fernald, Sanford, Fla., for prices on
for stealing this dress suit? Rheumatism has been cured in a all tools, implements and builders' sup-
Prisoner-Your honor, I was invited to a
ball.-Chicago Record. multitude of cases during the past six- plies. He is agent for the Acme Har-
TH O ty years by Pain-Killer. This potent rows, Walter A. Wood Mowers and
THE POLITE LIE IN EMBRYO.
A little child has given us a peee into the remedy rubbed vigorously in and rakesA Bemington, Avery and Brinly
process by which the polite lie is developed. around the suffering parts, will relieve Plows, Charter Oak Stoves and
Mamma wasithalkngm t Effiedrabopathe ab- all stiffness, reduce the swelling, and Ranges, Devoe's Paints and Columbia
"You are sorry" said mamma, "that Edith kill all pain. The moat stubborn cases Bicycles. He has the best equipped
could not come?"'
Effif relied, '.avinv eni.iyed herself, "Oh, I yield to this treatment when persever- plumbing, steam and gas fitting estab-
don't mind mush." ed n. Avoid s, there
To which mamma rejoined: "But Edith is ed n. Avoid substitutes, there !s but lihment and tin shop in South Flor-
ill That is why she couldn't comc You one Pain-Killer, Parry Davis'. "~'. artil Ida Pumps, Columbia Bleeleo, BOll-
must be sorry." Effie considered. "Yes; of
course I'm sorry," she said, but it doesn't 50c er, Machinery, new and second hand
hurt me-inside."-London Chronicle.
hurt e-inside--London chronicle. j a specialty. All inquiries promptly an-
THE RULING PASSION. Lot us give yu prices on your job sweed.
Wife (who has been out shopping all day)- WO
Oh. dear, how tired and hungry I am. Printing of every description at th
Husband-Didn't you have any luncheon in Printing of every description at thi
town? Plant your spring ads. office.
Wife-A plate of soup only. I didn't feel








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


PLOkIDIANA.

The industrial record of Polk coun-
ty for the past year will give some
idea of the future of this section. It
will also show that a vast number of
People have been given employment a I
the phosphate mines, naval stores
plants and at the lumber and shingle
mills, as well as at our truck farms
o- and groves. Many of these have ad-
vantages they have never enjoyed lie-
fore -d being benefital they are nat-
urally Interated in the prosperity ou;
their emnployers.--Bartow Courier-In-
forniant. j
The cigar manufacturers who are
interested in the new cigar box facto: y
held a meeting Saturday night for ti
purpose of organization. The meeting
was a very harmonious one. It was de-
Ida Box Company; An advisory coim-
cided to call the new concern the Flor-
mittee consisting of Vincente Guerra
Enrique Pendas, Pecundo Arguelles.
A. B. Ballard and others was appointed
to further the plans of organization.
These gentlemen wil hold a meeting
tonight, at the residence of Mr. Guerra,
at which some important steps will be
taken. A charter will b1 applied for
immediately. The new box company
has already assured an output of 5,000
boxes daily.-Tampa Times.





ASK YOUR


DOCTOI!
Ask your physician this ques-
tion, "What isthe onegeat s
remedy for con yunpton?"
He will answer, "Cod-liver -
oil" Nine out of ten will
answer the same way.
Yet when persons have
consumption they loathe all
fatty foods, yet fat is neces-
sary for their recovery and
They cannot take plain cod-
liver oil. The plain oil dis
turbs the stomach and takes
Saway the appetite. The dis-
Sagreeable fishy odor and
taste make i almost almost unen-
durable, What is to be done 7
This question was ans-
wered when we irst made

SO rT'8 -

EMULS.ION !
of Cod-LUver Oil with Hlypo
phosphites Athou h that"
was nearly twenty-ive years
ago, yet i stands alone to-

for all affections of the throat

The atriatsd odohawve been
taken way. fthed leX ha been
I ptly iuJ ad nd the mat i-

Nt mlM.m Ntee oatmo ted cdg -
theplamiLo. Nirodptmma -
ta SCOTT'S EMULSION nd di.
-g t it. Thdi why it urs m -
many c- of a arcy co iption.
SEvhn i advanmd caml t ring ,
coafot and gay prolongs "*
Sad l.oo, l druggists.
SCOTT& BOWNE, Chemkists New York.


Orange 9gUaty 1e t9 have a now in-
dustry, which Is not exactly a new in-
- dustry either, but new for this port~o:'
of the country, a chicken farm on a
large scale. Mr. F. A. Lewter, who
* lives near the northern limit of the
elty on Orange avenue, is erecting
sheds, brooding houses and other
necessary buildings for a first-clas.-
hennery. He has purchased an incu-
bator, filled it with 300 eggs and be-
gun operations. He contemplates "a
working force" of 3,000 chickens and
liens. A neighbor of Mr. Lewter, Mir.
Vincent, has also gone into the busi-
ness. and has already turned out a sec-
ond brood from his incubator. Mr.
Closer of the Racket, is preparing to
start a hennery, having recently Ii;r
chased an incubator. There is n(o
reason why this portion of Orange
county should not become the center
of a profitable industry in this line.-
Orlando Star.
About 250 gallons of famous Ca-
loosahatchee river syrup, which R. A.
Henderson has stored in one of lhis
warehouses on the dock, is now ming-
led with the waters of that river, and
if it had not been for some lively work
there might have been 2,000 gallons
,gone the same way. The heavy weight
of this syrup caused the flooring of
the warehouse to give way Mondtly ev-
ening, dumping thirty barrels and
eiehtr-fire five-gallon cans, containing
in all, nearly 2,000 gallons into the
river. Many of the tins were smashe:'
in the wreck and a number ofthe bar-
rels were broken open, but a force of
hands got down into the water and
saved nearly 1,500 gallons of the syr-
up.
The State Medical Society will hotd
its annual meeting in Orlando, April
11th, The doctro, hare a iroiig organ-
ization in Florida, and they are apt to
turn out in force, accompanied by tlie'r
wives at their annual meeting, Orlando
will give them a cordial welcome, and
treat them handsomely.
H. B. Gaskins, clerk of the circuit
court of Calhoun county, has made a
deal with Col. F. A. Salomonson for
22,000 acres of timber land in Calhoun
county. The lan1l was owned by for-
eign persons, and represented by ('o
Salomonson. The price is not given,
but those who know, say that the
check is a fat one..-Tampa Times.
Dr. D. M. Echemendia, who has been
in charge of the State quarantine sta-


Florida East Coast Ry.
TIME TABLE NO. 24. IN EFFECT FEB. 1. 1900.


-OCUTL BOUND (Read Down,)


iN;). .1 iNo..,, No.Ut
Dany ;Dii;v UnDl]


Y.) 1i 1 '4 1p



a 4 a lp
* *. . .. .........








- as



o -
ll I :!











I1;.;! ;


1


Da ly Daily Dai

1 I6p 1O~ 0 81
..... 11 a .....





'l1;p 1 lalO i
1iSp 1i 11 a b
2 lip ......

s25p rIp
0iup adlgp 10p
527p 42p 141p
.... 51fp ......
.. 5 7p ......
TOOp bU~p 8lOp
..... 69tp ......
630p.
.. 4 ......
.. 717p ......
... 7ap ......
9lp 0 -824, isBp
bllp 82.p 13p

..... 9O4p ......
..... u10 .... .
I 1', llo. il. 710n


(Read Up) NORTH BOUND.


8TATIONB.
Lv.J 'kville..A
Arn.A'g'tineLv
LvS.A''tineAr
ArB. Pala *"

Ardan MateaoL
LVANm MauorU
Lvli.PalatkaAr
" ..Ormond.Lv
". Dyona. "
".P.Orang. "
"N.Smyrna"
" Oak Hill. "
" TituavIll"
" (or! Point ,



." .Bo ian."
" .cbutiM "


- .... n .. "
" So. uond. "
" W.Julltar"
'"W.P.B'oh "
ArP.B'oh Inn"
LvB. P'dana"
"W. P. B'haAr
" .Bonton.Lv

"Lem. city"
A~ r ilmi. "~


No.TS No. 4l)To.e0 No.-
Dally Daily UmUy Daily
* TInp Tiwpliooop T66
61p 6ip SO0p 6Wr
* 6p 62 856 *tf


53 p .. .. .... ......
8Idp 85p l1Bp 615.
46p 4ip i~p--~

81p 6 0P .. ...

sap 4ap 80rp ida
Z ep ...... ...... ...
S0p tiep S6ip il
l*p ..p...........
SOp 2Mfip ,..p ......

120 l W... ........
11 S ............. ....
108D2Ifp 800p2818
I0 ::::::: : ..........::::
1021 ...............
10 1a .................
l ! ..................
*2aI ............ ....
40s I01a. 106p. .
87la .- 10 .: 1p10p
8% 9a12 1 9

i6i a............
S'la s i n onp lanr


N@. Us
No.-
Oily

is a,




~ld




II'



ii'




ii'
I,




f


Between eow myrnrr a aud UOwe m Tituseu,
City Junotiom. Btwee Tit-nille au Banr-.
No Nol I bTAT ON. No.2. No.4. o.l STATIONS. 9
5 1sOay N Cw em ..ArI I 7 ~~Jta mTsuavIi
456p lu4;* lake elen..L 242 00p 7 ia j ". mm.. .............
112p l 'Ar.OraneC'y Jgt. .ii 59. ::
All i,.oB,- eu s New bmyrn' and orange 9 : .. .. Sf ....... "
.i) y Jnhm ion daily. All ta betwea Tituail sl d BangM
Between Jack'ville and Pablo Boh. dly e pt 8Bnday.
Thee Time Tble. bo theo thum at wIUL
_o__5 BTATIONJ. boatralmdbats maybe prtdton l
o.l hTATIONS. INo.l~1u depart nrom thbe veral spte. and e
;r ..Pu, bach. L lp stated is not guaranteed, nor dos th G-
A' *_i L. ,-( ren .Ta-ksonvine and P~blo ipary hold itf responsible or any dalay or
Bea. i dai.y except SuMnday. [jay emsqiacesa uiin5 U roum

Florida East Coast Steamship Co.
PROPOSED SAILINGS:
I. IAMI-HAVANA LINE, .
I'<. M amI -undays and Wedn day ............................. ...... ...
fr Havana M Iondays and Thrsnday.............................. a .
.:; il r a i ruelaysand Friday..............................................
A: Mi;n Weflnedays and turda...................... .... .....
. MIAlII-KEY WEST LINE, .
Len'r,: MI;]II Mondays, Wednesdays Mand Friday .........................
Arive Ky W.~t Trielays, Thnays and turdays.......................... ......j. I
Leayv, K>y W-W.s. Tuestays, Thun sday nd aturday.................... *i'ea
Arrive Miami Wtedinsdays, Fridays and Sundays....... l. .
I. IAMI-NASSAU LINE.
Leav Iami Tuesdays. Wedndkay I_.idy standardd T e)................. ..pm.
Arrive asau Tuesdays, Thday d turday ...............................
Lerrve Nau'rui r,". :ys Thuraday and Saturday (Na. M Tim.).................... ....
Lrri.-r Miami \'. uedvdays. Friday* and SundaT. ............................


The aiinve .10e prou.osed sailings during Feb r and March.
Ai e:" A.ril Ist there will be two smtte perweek


for (o >y of local time card call at "5 West lBay Street. Jaokaonvlll
l- P .*'swiTH, TraBe m.s. .. D.


tion at Mullet Key ever since it was SEND*US ONE DOLLAR
established ten years ago, has resigned - ad. .... so e s *. w e...,u.. wI.. a ,se
his position with the State Board of I'P.OVE" ACi QUSn pAkl a Ouiual, byf rihtC. O. .,us t -
exanmtl. You can examine it at yourneareast freight de
Helath. The resignation took effect a and i youfndait exetly a.se t Slte eqsal toorg ae-ns
retail at S.00 te *1i0.0, thegreatest vale youneera w
few days ago, and the vacancy has not tar better ~ u organs advertited by othe at mor S meyjaD
h- freight agent our especil o .dys- e ye, l31,781
been filled, nor has the president of lhesae L00,i or .5,, and freghtcua
ti e Boara another In view wno can tiP 531,75 IS OUR SPECIAL 0 OAYS' PRICE -.l ."
intrusted with the important duties of .4sby s Sclh as rMer w sS ewader
keeping infectious diseases out of this sa isns of. sS t I moS iso,
is engraved direct from ph otpphou lca nform some ideac m
portion of Florida.-Tampa Times. beautiful appearance. s i ido le o rte r wd
k, antique finish, handsomely deEoeatedandornamntene
itatel style T ACHJ EBH elt.eet 5 mchesia g
Mr. W. R. Fuller, Jr., who is noted I bincheslong, I inches wideand iwe pounds. Con
tains octves stitops, as follows: .lsM
throughout the country for his exact Ba U ar.ld1 esta, SmCs_.ulde, eMs -
estimates of the Florida orange crop, I~ri se, 4.aros Is- 45 .1 turned
rewntly gave the Tribune his first ce o ab-. .. ReHd- 1 e
timate of the year on the Florida crop saa e0e s TEsmACXWKEI a-
ion eonslist of thecelebratedewenllii a4whmhcare only
for 1900. Mr. Fuller says tile excel- seedin the highest gira e ntruamentfittdweIith Sm
*m temn Vex Da rns. also best Doiee felt,
lent condition of the trees throughout fathers, et.,belowsof the best rber loth,
the State make it safe to place the pro- ACME IUEEN is fur-'shed with lxi beveled '
plate French mirror, nickel plated pedal f ume.
bable figure for this year at l.()OOO.': ande erymodernimprovement. V.,mdhbfeee easd-
boxes. This will be the largest figure GUARANTEED 25 YEARS. euger ren
since the freeze, when the usual crop issue awrittenbinding 5-year uIntee, by the
terms and conditions of which if ny part qlves out
of 6,000,000 was cut, at one fell swoop. werepirit fee erelfe e. Try It one month and
toles tha ,00000. Sin will refu..l your money if you are not perfectly
to less than 1,000,000. Since that time saisled. "ofthese or-answall besoldat l.. 1 '
OD ER AT OSCEi 1ON'T BELAY. .
the industry has been slowly, but OJdRELIABILITYIS ESTABLISHED h 5
steadily resuming its former size, and nod with us ask your neighbor about us.write -= ---- _- -
the pubh.her of this paper or Metropolitan National
it will not be at all surprising to see Bank, or -rn Exchange Na' Bank, Chi.cago; or Oerano Exchange Bank, New York; or-
p of o ompam nicao. We a *eal 5snrr cete. e, orupy entire one of thelagt
an output of over a million this year.- Chiago, an mploy nearly 2.000 people a our own building. WtK SJE.OelRleA T .e m
'd up also e.>rything in musical nstruments at lowest wholesale prices. Writ for free
Tampa Tribune, and musical instru,,ent cats logp Addres, (same. easm b Ca.. sagL
SEARS.*ROUPu" 00C. (lae.). Flte. ODessalesad Waum a te..


I I-,-.


__ _____~_ ____~___ __ __ __ 1__ _


_I ~^__ ___ __ ___~_


rI









































































I


i MUfACFUR FC OF T8 DEALERS IN

re Tree, JACSONVILLE, -- FLORI ed Meal,
ar ob Ste,
Jut 9n 0 ds from the t ime our factory and warh s we Blooduand Bone,
S o ouon, e b a e b s t Nitrate of ods Potash,
tman ure erhan eer be e. h a biig me tcpal, o p d
S upto- e machinery for grinding. PAI nd R e aO., Proprietor. e me
HI ^ 7.- JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. L ..-
Dear Sir:
Just 90 days from the time our factory and warehouses were burned we
moved into our new building, and are now in better shape to take care of our
trade than ever before. With a building made especially for our purposes and
up-to-date machinery for grinding and mixing we are prepared to do more and
better work than by the old system.
We wish to heartily thank those of our customers who have favored us
with their orders since the fire and by their patience have enabled us to hold
our business together so well under such trying circumstances.
If you are already a customer, our goods have recommended themselves.
If you are not a patron, why not? We are giving you the best values for your
money, we are located in the state and our interests are identical with yours.
We have our own orange groves and gardens where our fertilizers are practical-
ly tested so that we are better able to supply goods that are especially
adapted to the requirements of our soil and climate.
Write and tell us how much you want and what it is for and we will quote
you bottom prices. Yours truly,
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
We furnish any and all kinds of Fertilizing flaterials and Chemicals.







A High-Grade Fertilizer

MUST HAVE

QUALITY! REPUTATION!



"THE IDEAL" BRA NDS--
^r^ HAVE THESE. "f#l?

Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you.can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ..............$3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.0o per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $8.oo per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE................$30.o0 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.oo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............$30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER......................$2o.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTILIZER COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Plgs Foot Brand Blood and Bone. $ 17.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, $44.00 per ton.


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


-


I
b