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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00010
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: March 7, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00010
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text
































Vol. XXVII, No. t0. Whole No. 1360. DeLand Fla., Wednesday, March 7, 1900. $2 per Annum, in Advjnce.


5 freet SPtartf.
The following is a cheap and effec-
tive plan:
Place plank edgewise on the ground
and secure with stakes driven into the
ground, this forming a bottomless box
of the size desired for bed. The box
may be about 18 inches degp;nextr
place o the bottom areea nine tUiio
to the depth of at least eight Inches,
and pack down well. The tops should
contain as little wood as may be con-
venient, wet them wefl with water.
Then place on the tops about four
inches of wet soil, preferably sandy.
For the residue of covering form a
mixture as follows: For every bushel
of potatoes to.be bedded take about
fve bushels of ine stable manure and
mix therein 6 pounds of kainit and
four pounds of acid phosphate, or 11%
pounds of muriate of potash may be
used in lien of kainit; these elements
correct the excess of nitrogen in the
stable manure, and as a result will
give the plants a healthy send off.
Place the mixture to the depth of about
two inches, making in all about six
inches that Is over the pine tops. Let
the bed stand thus until it begins to
heat. In order to permit the escape of
heat beneath the boards, bank well
with soil on the outside at bottom, es-
pecially at the corners. .
A bed for this climate should be
constructed about March 28 or 29th.
About the 5th or 6th of April the bed
will be warm, when the potatoes may
be placed and covered with said mix-
ture to the depth of about two inches.
Many people cover their potatoes too
deep, thus causing the shanks of the
sprouts to be long and slender. They
should 'be covered to a sufficient depth
only to keep the potatoes properly
moist. The bed should be well water-
ed at the start, antd if the rainfall be
g wa wa w lon tao a week there
after.
In placing potatoes I prefer to set
them in rows across the bed about
eight inches apart, with two inches be-
tween the ends. The large potatoes
should be placed at one end of the bed,
the small at the other end, and medium
sized in the middle. The tops of the
potatow 'wmntnu e in ime, 4iich will
enable them to be covered to a uniform
depth.
The vines may be left on the bed un-
til they run from two to four feet,
when they may be cut, leaving gener-
ally one leaf to the stub. The vine
may then be cut into lengths of three
leaves each, and set out in the usual
way, burying two leaves and leaving
one out.
What appears to be a better plan is
to constrout a loose bed' of pWro9
width in ric, loo oil. Then shove


thte R te diwn to proper .~eth, pre-
ferably not sufficiently close for them
to touch. Then settle well with water.
Water oceaaionally until they begin
sprouting. Then dig up and set out
In the usual way. Do not pull them
up, lest you break the roots.
Another Way.-When the vines run
out a proper length the bude may be
pinched out and left thus until suck-
ers make their appearance. When
the suckors get about 11/ inches long
cut the vines off as aforesaid, and then
cut into pieces of one leaf only. The
cuttings may then be set, with or with-
out rooting, taking care to leave the
tops of the suckers above the ground.
A second cutting may be procured
and treated as aforesaid, after which
the sprouts may be drawn out in the
usual way and the bed torn up.
It appears to be an undisputed fact
that more potatoes and better potatoes
can be grown from vines, cut as afore-
said, than can be from sprouts. More
than this, it is generally conceded that
potatoes grown from cuttings will keep
better. Another advantage is, that at


least three times the quantity of
ground can be set front cuttings.
Sprouts, however, are better for early
potatoes.
I will state here that I have usc.d
stable manure, partially rotted wheat,
oak leaven and pine tons In the on-
struction of hot beds. They all an-.
swered a fairly good purpose. In an
actual test I found the pine tops much
superior to tife oak leaves.
Last year I used tops alone. The
bed was constructed March 29th, April
6th, the potatoes were placed, the bed
then being pleasantly' warm. April
30th we had a good bed of sprouts,
large enough to set out, but we let the
vines grow for cutting purposes. A
sufficiency of stable manure was mix-
oe wit me soll to serve for rerniiiir
purposes, but we depended wholly on
the pine tops for heat, which was am-
ple and entirely satisfactory. No kainit
or acid phosphate was used.
The potatoes.were placed six inches
apart, but I believe eight inches would
give better results. When betting out
roumts thy abhould be placed no deen-
er than they grow on the bed. Cut-
tings should also be planted propor-
tionately shallow. The potatoes will
thus form near the surface where they
can receive the benefit of the heat
aind air.
From 1,200 to 1.500 bushels of pota-
toes are said to have been grown on
an acre. Hence the potato crop is
a very valuable one. To obtain best
results a well rotted clover or pea sod,
that was properly fertilized, should be
employed. I a sod be Impractical, a


fertilizer comnOed of the toUlowie
ingredients may be used. Nitrogen 4
per cent., phosphoric acid, 7 per cent.,
potash, 9 per cent..
'Apply in the drill about 700 pounds
per acre and mix thoroughly with the
soil.
Instead of the above a mixture of 200
pounds acid phosphate, 250 pounds of
cotton seed meal and 200 pounds of
muriate of potash may be used per
acre.
I will state here that there is no use
in bedding potatoes earlier than the
time stated, frequently to rot in the
ground. It is not a good plan to trans-
fer plants from a warm bed to a cold
ground. Hence the advantage of let-
ting the vines run for cutting purposes,
as the bed and surrounding ground
will by this time approximate the
same temperature.
By a plan that will hereafter be
given the potatoes can easily be kept
in good condition 12 months.
Bryan Tyson.
Hallison, N. C.


Cow Pea Fertilizer.


If such a crop is turned down for a
sale crop, cotton for example, the eC-
sults will possibly prove very satisfac-
tory. Having made a succenm with
cow peas, one year, the planter will
possibly try the same plan over again,
and this is where the trouble shows
up.
While the pea crop. if it makes, can
supply the nitrogen easily enough, the
90 pounds of potash and 30 pounds of
phosphoric acid must come from the
soil.. As all know that soils do be-
come exhausted, we also know that
peas cannot continue to supply nitro-
gen unless appropriately fed with plant
food. Using the above data for every
100 pounds of fertilizer nitrogen drawn
from the air by cow peas. the soil muat
give up 67 pounds of potash and 23
pounds of phosphoric acid-in fact,
the drain on the soil is rather a heavy
one.
Though cow peas draw heavily on
the soil yet this same profit may be
maEe a source of pro t. For example,
fertilizer potash and phosphoric acid
cost the planter about five cents per
pound. To buy the necessary 90
pounds potash and 30 pounds phone


For Florida Agriculturist. phoric acid, at five cents per pound,
Some scientific agriculturists have means an outlay of $6.00. For this we
proved that a certain class of plants get 100 pounds of fertilizer nitrogen,
called legumes have the power of worth at 15 cents per pound, $15.00.
practically making fertilizer nitrogen, The apparent profit on the transaction
and as cow peas belong to that l. is $ 9.00 or 150 per cent. on the money
of plants, the average planter seems to invested. The gain is much greater
think the fertilizer bill is no longer a than this really. In the form of sale
legitimate expense of the plantation, crops, the elements of plant food are
Now, as a matter of fact, cow peas worth much more than when in the
were grown years before the scientific form of fertilizer materials. For the
men cleared up this point about le- sake of comparison, we wil say the
gume nitrogen, and cow peas did as value is doubled; then, an expenditure
much for the soul asthey do now, or of $6.00 for the 90 pounds of potash
will in the future. The facts are that and 30 pounds of pfiosphoric acid,
cow peas do supply a large quantity gives a return worth $42.00.
of fertilizer nitrogen taken from with- This profit is perfectly tangible on a
r.t ths Sik ?21 9th'y cannot "pply an worn sol, and all smlls become worn
ounce unless certain definite amounts out unless intelligently handled. The
of potash and phosphoric acid present main point is to know what you are
in the soil, and in such form as to be taking off the soil in sale crops, and
available as plant food. The discov- what you are putting back to make
ery of this wonderful property of cow good the drains arising from the sale
peas is valuable, but this property is of crops, It is evident from what we
no more valuable now that it is have shown, that cow peas are an ex-
known, than it was before it was cellent fertilizer, if properly fertilized
lii "ar, Zlevt Ia am Intaelugent nus themsive F Panirs must not expect
and make of it. It cow peas are con- to make something out of nothing,
tinually grown on the same soil, that through a selentifie locus poem.
soil would become fairly rich in ferti- Money well invested pays in the form
lizer nitrogen, yet It would not be ma- of dividends, but there are no dividends
terially richer in potash and phos- where there are no investments. In
phates; that is, it would make no bet- this case, the potash and phosphate
ter croD of cotton after being ten years make up the investment, the nitrogen
consciously in cow peas, than after is the dividend, and it is a very hand-
one year. A cow pea crop of say *0,- some one, too. B. V.
000 pounds of green matter per acre,
will contain in tops, roots, etc.. 135 Conditions make all the difference In
pounds of nitrogen, 90 pounds of not- the line of farming which it is nroet-
ash aNa 30 pound* of phosphoric acid. able to follow. Study ydur conditIom.


" ". 7J ~Lam" &%hpkt












IL TEF IAA IC...


tLOMDIANA.

A white man, 00 years old, giving
his name as Herman Green, of Fulton,
Ky, was found in the river struggling
The bridge keeper pulled the man out.
for hi life last nigfgt at 11 o'clock
and took him to the police station. He
wa soon restored to his consciousness,
but refused-to tell how he got into the
water *iclde Is suggested, owing to
S Cfert thlt Green is evidently de-
mented--Tampa Tribune.
H. C BReynolds, the Sampson City
turpentine operator, recently employed
a force of negro workmen from North
Carolina. Shortly after arriving at
Sampeon City two of the negroes got
sick, and their symptoms excited the
esuplcion of Mr. Ryals. He feared
they were afflicted with smallpox and
on Monday reported the matter to Dr.
E. L. Stewart, of this city, special
agent of the tSate Board of Health,
The doctor went to Sampson City at
ofee and his diagnosis confirmed the
fears of Mr. Ryala The negroes have
saullpox, one in a malignant and the
other in a mild form.-Bradford Coun-
ty Telegraph.
The fishing has been excellent dur-
ing the past few days. A larg4 .Tew
fish which would probably weigh be-
tween three and four hundred pounds,
was speared at the hotel dock last
week,.but after an exciting struggle of
a half hour or more, the fish went
away, carrying part of the spear with
him.-Sarasota Times.
The body of a well-dressed man was
found in the Apalachicola river, near
River Junction, Fla., Monday. A la-
dy's handkerchief used as a gag, was
discovered in the man's mouth, and his
throat was badly bruised. The mur-
dered man was about thirty-five years
old, five feet, ten inches in height, and
weighed about one hundred and fifty
pounds. No clue to the murder has
yet been found.
The Ocean Steamship Company has
'signified Its intention to send a model
of the steamship Kansas City to Tam-
pa to be used as a float in the carnival.
The Plant System also has a model of
the Steamship Florida, the first vessel
to carry up an authorized armed ex-
pedition from the United States to
Cuba against Spain. This will no
doubt be used also, and the same cor-
poration also has a model of one of its
first-cla passenger trains which wil
also be used and make a creditable dis-
play.
The Florida naval store a operators
are busily cutting boxes for the spring
flow of sap. Many of the manufac-
turers are adding five, ten and twenty
erops to their farms, in addition to
working over the boxes previously
used. TThe labor supply in the tSate
is far too small, and the operators are
compelled to spend much time and
money in bringing them on from South
Carolina and elsewhere. A great many
new stills have been opened up, and
the product of naval stores for 1900
w l be by far the largest in the history
of the 8tate.-Ocala Banner.
An example of what pluck with a lit-
te push and energy will do for the
avefe American, Florahome, a thriv-
Ing settlement in Putnam county, on
the Oeorgla, Southern and Florida, fit-
toa maes distant from Palatka,
stand as a monument to industry.
What was les than six months ago a
brren prairie, the only signs of life
beg tie occasionDl appearance of a
ef oe dnekb,, or other water birds,
ii w- a lgat -of bnttrprise, thrift
I W am es barren lands


Cuoumbers

Ad Melons
and all vegetables are exceedingly
profitable if grown for the early market.
Large gild and ery maturity are Cer-
tain to follow the judicious use of
N16at of 86das
For particulars and proofs write for free
book to Jokh A.. Eyers, 12YJohn
St., New York. tr*e r sal r.rr fer-
tilwr dealers erywhere.
r" at emmse .LW fa esit *

have been conventer into fertile fields,
practically cultivated. This change is
the result of drainage. The Etoniah
prairie was a marsh similar to Paine's
prairie, near this city, but through the
energy of the Etoniah Drainage and
Canal Company the prairie has been
relieved of all the water, leaving thous-
ands of acres of muck lands which for
fertility cannot be excelled in the
State. About one hundred families
from every section or the Union have
purchased lands ano erected neat. ,
stantlal residences and business
houses, and a union church has also
been erected. A scene of general ac-
tivity prevails, and this is destined to
become the most progressive settlement
in Putnam county.-Gainesville Sun.
The Gainesville Sun says that Alach-
ua has only seventy-three paupers and
the Ocala Star rises to say that tl at
goes ten more than Marion. We want
to say that Sumter makes out with
only two. Two inmates of the county
home, whereas there were quite a
number on the pension roll. Is there
another county In the State with so
few paupers?-Sumter County Times.
Visitors to Pensacola should visit
Palafox wharf to see how the bot-
tom of a vessel is recoated with copper
without hauling the vessel out of the
water. The American Bark Vendendi
is having all the old copper torn off,
the seams recorked, after which it will
be recovered with felt and then cop-
pered. The coppering of a vessel is a
much larger undertaking than many
people suppose. The copper and nails
to cover the bottom of this vessel will
cost about $1,600, say nothing of the
lining of felt and the cost of putting
it on. A coat of copper usually lasts
four years. It is used to protect the
bottom of the ship from marine
growths and from the destructive sea
worm, turedo, which would destroy
and unprotected vessel in a few weeks.
-Pensacola Press.
George A. Verrault, president of the
Verrault Lumber Company, of Pensa-
cola, is under arrest, charged with cut-
ting the throat of his office boy, Wil-
lie Johnson. Mr. Verrault says he de-
tected the boy stealing hs pocketbook,
and to frighten him, told him he was
going to call the police to arrest him.
He started from the room, but, reach-
ing the door, heard a gurgling sound
and went back and found that the boy
was trying to kill himself, and was
sawing on his throat with a large bread
knife lying on the fable. He dragged
the boy down stairs and called two
colored boys passing to help him, that
the boy was trying to commit suicide.
Johnson was taken into Hannah Bros.'
drug store, and there grabbed a drug-
gist's knife and made desperate efforts
to gash his throat again, adding
strength to Mr.Verrault's' statement.
The boy, however, charges that Mr.
Verrault abused him for being late
coming to his work, and then picked
up the knife and cut him. There were
aso marks on the boy's head, as if he


had been struck with a dull instru-
ment. Mr. Verrault's friends scout
the idea of his attempting to kill the
boy, and say that the lad was evident-
ly so overcome with shame when de-
tected in the theft that he attempted
sulclde. Johnson is in no immediate
danger of dying, though his windpipe
is severed.-Times-Union and Citizen.
Letters patent have been issued for
the incorporation of the Gulf Lumber
Company, with a capital of $75,000 at
Crystal River, in Citrus county, to eas
tablish mills and machinery necessary
for the production of all descriptions
of lumber, and to manufacture boxes,
crates, vessels, casks, staves, buckets,
and other article; to build, own and
operate steamboats, tugs, and other
vessels, as well as railroads, tramways,
etc., for the transportation of timber,
lumber and the products of the same.
The incorporators are, R. J. Knight,
Walter Ray, J. N. Barco, and J. B.
Martin.-Tallahasseean.
The prospectus for a large tobacco
company to be organized here will
soon be out. The stock will be $10,000
and their object is to grow tobacco
and manufacture cigars. This section
will grow tobacco equally as well, if
not better than around Quincy and we
see no reason why it will not meet
with success. At any rate we are sure
it will be very beneficial to our section
and we hope to seee it organized at
once.-Laurel Hill Gazette.
Maj. S. N. Van Pragg, the untiring
and unswerving Pensacola railroad
projector, is evidently not superstit-
ious, especially in regard to Friday,
for yesterday he took a party of invit-
ed friends to the north end of Olivia
street and at high noon, with his own
hands, began the construction of the
Pensacola and Northwestern railroad,
a road for which the major has labor-
ed industriously for many years and in
spite of many obstacles.
The contract for the completion of
the jetties has been awarded to a Chi-
cago firm and work will soon be re-
sumed. There are now $850,000 avail-
able for this work, also $50,000 for
dredging purposes. This promises to
be a busy year in our bar Improve-
ment.-Fernandina Mirror.
An old Spanish cannon of ancient
make was dug up this morning at the
corner of Palafox and Government
streets by the workmen who are erect-
ing electric light poles. It is evidently
a companion piece of the old guns that
have long done duty as corner posts at
the Plaza. A great throng gathered
to inspect the gun, which has perhaps
been buried there for centuries, and
many reminiscent tales were told on
the spot to-day by old residents. Mr.
Benito Gonzalez says the gun was put
at the corner by the Spaniards' during
their occupancy of Pensacola. as a cor-
ner post, and that It gradually sunk in
the sand until it disappeared from
view.-Pensacola News.
The twelve men charged with hav-
ing horsewhipped Postmaster Crum,
near Tampa, were dl.h-barged in the
U. S. court at Tampa Thursday. On
motion of District Attorney Stripling,
a nolle pross was entered in each case.
Several of these were tried for intimi-
dating the colored assistant postmast-
er. The jury was out a few moments
when they returned a verdict of not
guilty.
The citizens of Thonotosassa are
now wearing broad grins, caused by
the full bloom of orange trees. It
seems as if the citizens planned against
nature, and on Saturday night, Feb.
17, when the thermometer registered


No other M. D. has so many cmra tar
his credit. No other M. D. has madems
many wonderful cure So-called "ope
less" cases, chronic cases, "incurable"
cases have all been cured, not one or
twice, but thousands of times, by the
use of that remarkable remedy


Dr. Pierce's


Golden Iledical


Discovery.

"My husband had been otghin far arm
and people frankly told me thathe would he
Into consumption.' writes Mrs. John Shire
of No.265 gth Place, Chicago, Ill, "In the
pri of 1888 he took measle He caught co,
the meaes then settling on his hmug causing
smu teCmile eglaing spells, we not only grew
much alarmed, but looked for the bursting of
blood veel or a hemorrhage at aImno any
time. After three days'coughin he was too
weak too cross the room. The doctor who lived
with us on the same door did him no god I
went to the other end of the town and tated the
cue to a drug who then handed mc aott
of Dr. Pire's Golden Medical Discovery. M
husband's recovery was remarkable in it speed
In three dafs after he began using Dr. Pieree's
Golden Medical Discovery he was up and around
and in two more days he went to wok. Two
bottles cured him."
Sick people are invited to coapult Dr.
Pierce by letter absolutely free of charge.
Every letter is treated as strictly private
and sacredly confidential. All answers
are sent in plain envelopes without any
rnting upon them. Address Dr. I, V.
Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.

freezing point, hundreds of fires were
seen blazing from the various groves
in this vicinity, and the result is, the
blooms as well as the foliage, were
successfully protected from the Icy
blast.

What a wonderful discovery Is Pain.
Killer! It not only cures the ills of
the human family, but is also the sure
remedy for horses with colic. It has
never been known to fail in a cure of
the worst cases; afld for sprains,.galle
etc., it never fails-try it once. Di-
rections accompany each bottle. Sold
by druggists generally. Avoid substi-
tutes, there is but one Pain-Killer.
Perry Davis'. Price 25c. and 50c.
13

HER OWN FAULT.
Mrs. Dibb-Mme. Ccle, I pay you
more than Mrs. Hibbs, and yet you put
more style into her frocks.
Mme. Chic--Well, Mrs. Dibb, that's
what you get for being so easy to
please.-Indianapolls Journal.

RAPE 25 CENTS A TON.
Greatest food on earth for sbeep,
cattle and swine. Sellers catalogue
tells also about Million Dollar Potato
and Is mailed you with 10 Farm Heed
Sampes for 10 cents postage. John A.
Salzer Seed Co., La Crosse, Wl,

RETROSPECTIVE.
"Harryl"
"What is it, Dorothy?"
"Did you give me that parlor lamp
Christmas or did I give it to you?"-
Tndianjpolim Journal.

*FINANCE.
"Everybody ought to oppose them
get-rich schemes."
"I don't know about that. I'd like to
make a fortune while I'm alive to ea.
oy it"--Chieago Becord.


-,~ c -. -~


Sits-


'---


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 1#7


umilgation for White fly and Burt
Kites.
Mr. H. A. Gossard of the Lake City
Experiment Station, writing to Farm-
er and Fruit Grower -has the following
to say concerning the white fly and
rust mites:
While the process of treating orange
and other fruit trees with hydrocyanic
acid gas has been known for several
yeaMr, and J1 boon paotlood satisfac.
torily, and with pecuniary benefit in
California, and elsewhere for orange
trees and other classes of bearing fruit
trees, this plan of treatment has never
been tried In a practical way in Flor-
ida, so far as we can learn. Some
tests with the gas were made by Pro-
fessor Webber some years ago in an
experimental way against the sooty
mold, but if the practical grove own-
ers. themselves, have ever introduced
the process, its use has certainly never
become general. It is, therefore, of
much interest that the present seaso
will probably see the process tested in
Florida on an adequate scale in a prac-
tical way.
Many years of experience have
aroused the desire of many orange
growers for a more satisfactory pro-
cras than praying, against the white
fly and rust mites especially. While
the common grove scales have been
quite satisfactorily held in check by
means of sprays, such applications
have not wholly eatsfied the demands
against the insects just'.. named.
While we do not deny that sprays us-
ed against them are of value, and that,
in the absence of more thorough treat-
ment, they should le given, neverthe-
less, the expense of spraying groves
for some three different broods of
white fly, using another and different
application against rust mites, and yet
another for orange scales, imposes a
vei y undesirable tax upon the proceeds
of citrus culture, to say the least
If, therefore, the process of fumiga-
tion applied once or even twice a year
will reach all of these troubles at the
same time, and do it more thoroughly
than repeated spraying will do, the
total saving will be considerable,
though the cost upon a single fumiga-
tion treatment will considerably exceed
that of a single spraying. If the cost
of cleaning mouldy fruit in the fall
can be obviated and rusty fruit pre-
vented, the gain thus made will prob-
ably far exceed the cost of the treat-
ment. The greatest item ofexpense in
the fumigating process is the first cost
of the tents and apparatus necessary
to do the work. I believe therefore,
that not only the orange growers, but
orchardists of all classes in the State
will watch with a good deal of inter-
est some experiments that have been
undertaken in Soutb Florida.
Mr. C. P. Fuller of Ellenton, has had
sufficient confidence in the promise
held forth by the treatment to invest
in tents And materials for fumigating
his grove. The writer had the pleas-
ure of working with Mr. Fuller a few
days in the first part of February, and
assisting in the beginning of the ex-
periments. While arrangements were
not sufficiently complete to enable us
to see the fumigation of the entire
grove, we were able to get a few tents
in position and make some test trials
before leaving Ellenton. One tree in-
fected with white fly was tented and
fumigated on the evening of February
9. This tree was dripping wet with
dew, and, since water absorbs large
quantities of hydrocyanic acid gas, we
feared that the work would prove in-
etective. We, tbertore, Increased the


strength of the chemicals, as practiced
in California, about one-third, and sub-
jected the tree to the fumes for forty
minutes. A number of leaves of the
tree were brought back to Lake City
and examined about ten days after
they had been treated. We were un-
able to find any signs of life among
the leaves, and quite a percentage of
the white fly pupae had commenced to
decompone, indicating that they were
unmistakably dead. While it is too
early to say positively that no adult
insects will later issue from some of
the pupae cases, we do not believe they
will do so. This result waa more than
we hoped for, and we still suspect that
some insects upon the tree in question
survived the treatment, though all the
evidence in our hands would indicate
the contrary. Another tree about fif-
teen to eighteen feet in height was
fumigated the evening of February 10.
This tree was tented In the afternoon
in order to prevent the leaves from
becoming wet with dew, and was fu-
migated with chemicals at the custo-
mary standard strength for forty min-


utes. Samples of leaves collected from


this tree and thickly infested with
white fly, examined ten days later.
ravo not the slightest indication of any
insect life having survived the treat-
ment. Many of the pupae have com-
menced to decompose, and in the enve-
lope in which all specimens from all
the trees were placed no white flies
have issued, and no rust mites or
insects of any kind can be found.
Owing to the fact that hydrocyanic
acid gas scalds foliage when acting in
sunlight, fumigation work must be
done at night, or else the tents must be
painted black for use in day time. A
few trees were fumigated under a
painted tent in the afternoons, and the
results seemed to be entirely satisfac-
tory. Some leaves infested with red
spider inclosed within the-tents were
brought to Lake City, and the record
upon them corresponds with that upon
the white fly; in other words, the tests,
to all appearances, seem to have been
Perfectly satisfactory, all insects of
every description having been killed,
and the trees apparently not injured at
all. The new, tender growth was
scalded slightly, but this is only an in-
dication that the work was thorough
and properly done.
Prof. Webber observed in his com-
parative experiments with resin wash-
es and fumigation against sootymold,
that a single fumigation treatment is
far more thorough than a single spray-
ing. As sooty-mold usually follows
the white fly attack, our inference is
that the fumigation treatment annihi-
lated the white fly, and hence no mold
followed. We hope, therefore, that a
single fumigation treatment per year
will practically hold in cheek the white
fly, the rust mites and the common
orange scales.
Mr. G. A. Liles, of Terra Ceia, was
present when the tests above describ-
ed were performed, and contemplates
providing himself with the tents and
apparatus necessary to fumigate the
largest trees, and fumigating groves
by contract. We believe that he will
find a field for work that pay both
himself and his patrons. Work of this
kind is much better done by some one
who has had some experience with it,
and we believe that Mr. Lles will be
able to demonstrate the great value of
the process.

Beet Baising in lorlda
That the South should rival the West
in the production of beef cattle is the


ORNAMENTAL S LAWN FENCE-






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SPECIAL PRICE TO CHURCHESAisoCEMETERIES.
CATALOG FREE. ssUP-TO-DATE MTG. CO
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aFr Yanr Famly or Your Bas

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t- .


It lh erms in a marvelous man-
ner. t isthe best antiseptic known
and positively cures


Invaluable as a liniment for family
V use, as wel as a horse liniment.
Can be taken internally or estemally, and li warranted to be In
every way as represented. SJd y drtg tisa a dmasnurel Iy.
UP Family Size bottles, SctL. Horse Size battle, 50 oct. sand $o.


OUR ADVANCE AGENT T| nIM
SDe eneStlPle, hard as la all eWa, Ir.
.Thebeet'plow onartohat anyp rie

.lll AlA .71. o X l 784, B 7. ALTO W, I.
Ud g Sd Wa snow and6adret kdy S ine vs K
I sLTOJI II.
sel HAPOD PLOW901.
8l1.00 IL"..m r: *.wd.r.I.U mt!a^---.

opinion of Mr. Timothy L. Miller, for- Have a Garden
mnerly of Illinois and now of Florida, A vegetable garden is a necessary
after having studied the conditions in feature of the home. A farm home
both sections. For many years pre- without a well protected and managed
vious to his removal to Florida Mr. garden may be a place to sleep and
Miller was engaged in cattle breed- work and whereat exist after a
ing in his native tSate, which business fashion, but there can be no living like
he conducted successfully. His opin- a lord of the acres without an abun-
ion, therefore, is that of one that dance of vegetables and fruits in their
knows what he is talking about from Bseason A fourth of an acre away out
experience as well as observation. The in the field is a slovenly and povi ty-
climate, water and feed of Florida, he stricken makeshift, which would de-
says, are capable of producing the fin- freud the chickens and fed the rabbits.
est quality of beef. Between the The garden spot should be located
Chattahoochee river and Pensacola close to the house; ten yards from
there are millions of areas of land, kitchen door to garden gate is a good
there are millions of acres of land, distance, though it may be much less
Mr Miller says, that may be made the distance, though t mlay be much less
finest cattle ranges in the world, and e onomical reasons, a parallelogram
these ares stocked with Hereford economical reasons, a parallelogram,
these acres stocked with Hereford
cattle to their capacity to ftrnish the width being half the length, so
feed would be equal In every way to that all the plowing may be done lhe
an equal number of acres in Illinois 1lon way;it requires less work anl
or elsewhere. Experiments which I here Is less waste and where the
M horse turns, The garden should have
Mr. Miller has so far made in Florida a rabbit-proo and chen-phould fave
Sa rabbit-proof and chicken-proof fence
show that the beeves are "finished to allaround it. Palings five feet long
the top of the market." Mr. Miller set on an eight inch baseboard is about
thinks highly of cassava as a feed for right. The palings should not be
cattle, and says it holds out the prom- farther apart than two inches. Besides
ise of great possibilities to the people the entrance gate near the house there
of Florida. By using cassava two should be, for a large garden, a large
months in the winter and letting stock one where wagons loaded with ma-
feed on the native grass during re- nurses can be driven in. As this will
maining eight months of the year, the not be much used instead of a hinged
best results are to be obtained, gate or movable pannel will answer the
What this gentleman says of condi- purpose. This can be easily arranged
tions in Northern Florida is, generally when the fence is built. Half an acre,
speaking, true also of South Georgia. 210x105 feet, is large enough for a
In climate, water, topography and pro- large family, and besides garden veget-
ducts the two sections are practically tables will afford al1 the early potatoes
the same. In each State there are needed. One-fourth of an aee, *r


which might be turned into cattle
thousands of acres of land, now idle,
ranges. On these lands there would
be no need for shelters for the stock.
The winters are short and mild, and
the grass crop is almost continuous.
Losses of herds from blizzards would
be unknown, and dangerous floods are
extremely rare. With cassava and cot-
ton seed meal to put the "finish" on
the stock for market, Florida and
South eGorgia ought to be able to
compete successfully with the West in
beef raising.-Savannah News.


about 150x70 feet, will be found large
enough for the average farm family.
Haul in plenty of manure early in the
season, plow it in, and harrow smooth
and you are ready for business.-Pr-
change.

TO CURE LA GRIPPB IN TWO
DAYB.
Take LAXATIVE BROMO QUIN-
INE TABLETS. All druggits refuna
the money if it fails to cure. W.
GROVE'8 algnature on every box. 1
eentas |


I_


.











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


PTN AND CIBSO .S

In Russia miniature Bibles are often
worn as watch charms. One of these
Bibles is owned by a Bostonian who
received it from a friend living in Rus-
sia. It is about one inch long, three-
fourths of'an inch wide and three-
eighths of an Inch thick and contains
the first five books of the Old Testa-
ment. The text of the book is in He
brew and -the titles in Latin. It can
only be read with the help of a power-
ful magnifying glass.

It is reported that the unusually
large exports of coal from this coun
try to Europe, which have been re-
sponsible for considerable comment.
are owing to a scarcity of fuel abroad.
In Russia the shortage has compelled
many iron and steel mills to close, nna;
Mediterranean countries, which for-
merly'drew supplies of cold from Eng-
lish ports, particularly in Cornwall
and Wales, are now purchasing vast
quaititieU of fuel in this country.

Miss Lettie, daughter of Daniel
'Statesman, of Goshen, Ind., is suffer-
'ing from a peculiar affection due to
chewing gum. The young woman,
who ia a bright student in the high






aveC YOU



Heard





You may have heard
about SCOTT'S EMULSION
and have a vague notion
that it is cod-liver oil with
ts bad taste and smell and
all its other repulsive fea-
tu Ib cod-iver oil, the
purst and the best in the
world, but made so palata-
ble that almost everybody
can take it. N y all
children like it d ask for
more.

80077'S


look like cream it nour-
ishes the wasted body of
the baby, child or adult
better than cream or any
other food in existence, It
beast about the same rela-
tion to other emulions that
cm m does to milk. Ifyou
have had any experience
with other so-called "just as
good" preparations, you
will ind that this is a fact.
TlM hyp* kts that ae
iMl-Thd wih the cod-liver oil
addimoal valum to it became
teas p the nrv sysn
niput Sragith to the whole

_fa. d 1L all drggists.
SCOTTf& BOWN, Cheit, New York.
-- i-----


school, was an inveterate chewer of
gum, and a few days ago noticed that
the left side of her mouth was drawing
up toward her ear. The trouble grew
worse and a physician summoned pro-
nounced it a case of paralysis of the
muscles of the mouth, due to continual
mastication. Whether the affection
will yield to treatment is still doubt-
ful.

The Boer youth weds extremely
young. His education is over and he
is considered a man of business when
he is 16. His bride does not come to
him portionless, but usually with a
dowry consisting of cows, goats, and
sheep, a span of oxen and a quiet rid-
ing horse. To each child that is boin
a well to do Boer likes to assign cer-
tain farm stock as a "nest egg" for a
future dowry or as a start in life.

The bishop of Chichester recently re-
marked that what temperance reform-
ers suffered from more than the attack
of their enemies-and they had against
them the weight of 117,000,000 invest-
ed in the trade, and all the selfishness,
the carelessness and the sensuality of
the human heart-was the apathy of
'lrictian men and women. The dif-
ficulty was that if a man dared to
speak the naked truth, the truth was
so tremendous that, to the ears of those
people who were not prepared for it.
it had the sound of positive exaggera-
tion.

Queen Margherita, of Italy, is an en
terprising mountaineer. There are
times when her majesty dressed in
a tweed suit, with gaiters and a small
cap, will leave her hotel at three o'clock
it the morning and not return until
nine in the evening, which fact being
borne in mind, it is not altogether im-
possible to believe that the queen ex-
periences the greatest difficulty in se-
curing a willing companion on her
wanderings from among the ladies of
the court.-Chicago Times-Herald.

The Duke of Cambridge, cousin of
Queen Victoria, has received more
army pensions than any other member
of the English army. In 1850, on the de-
cease of his father, the country voted
him an annuity of $60,000 a year. At
18 years of age he became a colonel, at
26 a major-general, in 1854 a lieutenant
general, two years later a general on
full pay, six years later a field mar-
shal at $22,500 a year, and in 1861, he
was appointed a colonel of the Grena-
dier guards at $10,660 a year. His
residence, Gloucester House, he, of
course, occupies rent and tax free.
equivalent to about $12,500 per annum.
He holds the rangership of St. James',
Green and Hyde Parks, which increas-
es his annual income by about $11,-
000, besides over $20,000 which he
draws yearly as rental of his estate
near Wimbledon.

The kaiser, it is said, takes a great
delight in seeing very big men in uni-
form. It is in the blood. Frederick
the Great, when he had need of pro-
pitiating his irascible old father, used
to make him a present of a six-foot
four-inch or six-foot five-inch grena-
dier. That softened the heart of Fred-
erick William.-N. Y. Sun.

One ofthe most interesting charac-
ters about Washington, and one of the
mist highly respected of the 250,000
officials in the employ of Uncle Sam,
is Captain Charles Loefler, the confi-
dential messenger and doorkeeper of


GOVERNOR

Uses Pe-ru-na


The Governor of Oregon is an ardent
admirer of Pe-rn-na. He keeps it con-
tinually in the house. In a recent let-
ter to Dr. Hartman he says:
STATE or OBEOOw, )
ExcuTIvE DEPARTnMAN, ,
SALEM, May 9,188.
The Pe-ru-na Medicine Co, Columbus,O.:
Dear Sira ;-I have had occasion to use
your Pe-ru-na medicine in my family
for colds, and it proved to be an excel-
lent remedy. I have not had occasion
to use it for other ailments.
Yours very truly, W. M. Lord.
Any man who wishes perfect health
must be entirely free from catarrh. Ca-
tarrh is well-nigh universal; almost
omnipresent. Pe-ru-na is the only abso-
lute safeguard known. A cold is the be-
ginning of catarrh. To prevent colds,
to cure colds. is to obhet catarrh out of


the president. Captain Loeffler prob-
ably knows more famous men than
any other person living, because he has
stood at the entrance of the exteetivc
chamber for over 30 years, and every-
body who has entered the presence of
the chief magistrate of this nation dur-
ing all that time has handed a card to
him.

This military story is printed in a
Lima paper: A man belonging to the
Peruvian artillery was ordered to be
flogged, and there was no regulation
cat handy with which to inflict the
castigation. The officer in charge, who
was a severe disciplinarian, decided to
defer the carrying out of the order dn-
til the official scourge, which he at
once requestioned, should arrive. It
was about a year before the cat was
supplied by the authorities. By that
time the soldier had been dead several
months!

The simplest way to get warm after
exposure to cold, says a writer in a
health journal, is to take a long breath
with the mouth firmly shut. Repeat
this several times until you begin to
feel the heat returning. It requires a
very short time to do this. The long
breath quickens the pulse, and thus
causes the blood to circulate faster.
The blood flows into al parts of the
veins and arteries and gives out a
great deal of heat. It is stated that this
method of deep breathing prevents
colds and a great many other ailments
if begun in time.

Protection of Orange Tres.
The present cold spell only empha-
sizes what we have often maintained
in these columns-the necessity and
profit of protection for orange trees as
well as pineapples. We do not care a
pin's fee to trace up and record the dif-


OF ORECON


its victims. Pe-rn-na not only cures e-
tarxh, but prageWn. .,.Everrt household
should be supple:wW t ts great rem-
edy for coughs, colds and so forth.
It will be noticed that the Governor
says he has not had occasion to use Pe-
ru-na for other ailments. The reason
for this Is, most other ailments begin
with a cold. Using Pe-rn-na to prompt-
ly cure colds, he protects his family
against other ailments. This isexactly
what every other family in the United
States should do. Keep Pe-ru-ns li the
house. Use it for coughs, colds, la
grippe, and other climatic affections of
winter, and there will be no other al-
ments in the house. Such famille
should provide themselves with a copy
of Dr. Hartman's free book, entitled
" Winter Catarrh." Address Dr. Hafr
man, Columbus. Ohio.


fenent thermometer readings in our
towns yesterday and last night-let
the weather bureau look to that. We
do not care a rush whether the citrus
Japonica is hardy, half-hardy or tender
-let the botanist find that out. But
it is of overshadowing importance to
know whether the old orange belt, or
any considerable part of it, is going to
continue to grow oranges or not.
Of course, it can be done. Oranges
are raised in London; they are raised,
it is said, in the Tzarskoe Selse of St.
Petersburg. But will it profit? We
have extremely Ifttle fellow-feeling
for the pessimistic sentiment-often
expressed to us in letters which are
quietly consigned to the limbo of "re-
jected addresses"-that if oranges have
to be housed in Florida the writer of
the sentiment will migrate to some
other country. The sentiment only
demonstrates Its author's primitive-
ness of culture and observation.
Take the hardy Highlander as he
crouches behind a stone wall with his
porriger of kall in one hand and his
mutton bone in the other, which he
gnaws with chattering teeth, while his
flock browse over the racked and bat-
tered cragsg, in curst winds of Scot-
land, and ask him what he would
think of putting his flock into a double-
walled room, heated with a stove and
feeding the lambs with a spoon. He
would greet the proposition with inex-
tinguishable laughter. But, all the
same, many hundred shepherds in the
Northern State do that identical
thing, passing all their night for weeks
together in a cozily warmed sheep-
house, alternately napping and nurs-
ing the tender youngsters, raising "hot-
house lambs" for the market and
making handsome profits by selling
them for $5, $7, $10 apiece to the gour-
mets of great cities.
True, a sheep house is a very small


CAPITOL BUILDING, SALE, OREGON.
A Letter From the Exeeutive ONee of Oregon.


if +S











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 149


area compared to an orange grove.
But let the orange grower intensify,
as the New Jersey shepherd does. The
orange groves of the future will--it
will have to be-avery different affair
from the straggling and dejected ma.s-
meeting of impoverished trees, which
the longhorn rubbed up against to
scratch the "warbles" out of his hide
Neither rhyme nor reason, neither hor-
ticulture nor clodhopping could justify
such trees; the markets of New York
were outraged with our skinfuls of
cowpenning, coarse as cocoanuts,
tough as cowheel
Of course, tent protection, or orbor
protection will not profit the slattern
grove of the slattern grower. Let the
Horticulturists migirtfly enrich and cul-
tivate one acre, 2-acres, according to
his cloth; reef it up snug and taut as
a ship made ready for a gale; then it
will pay him to protect it, any where in
the old orange belt, where geology and
topography have set up a fingrboard.
Trim the trees up like a Cromwellian
Roundhead, low and solid tons, like
the Dutchman's horse, "low down and
wide out," trees from which a man
can stand with his boot-heels on the
ground and pick six boxes Oranges
grown under cover, unvexed by West
Indian gales, tnpricked by thorns,
juicy with conserved moisture, as fine
as silk, as luslious an only Florida can
produce--Every box knocking a big
hole in a Northern ten dollar bill.
Look at the wonderful orange pre-
serve found by General Sanford at
Lake de la Garde, near Genoa, a quar-
ter of a century ago; a little over
twelve acres protected in winter with
boards and glass, yielding an annual
revenue of $77,000 or $6,416 an acre.
Even in the IAst Days of the Cowpen
when the voleanie ashee ?tf g1t h4l
thickened about the growers' heads,
portending the coming of disaster, good
Florida oranges brought good money.
Many a box was shipped which
brought $5. Tardfffs in May and
June brought Dudley Adams $8 up to
the last year. Such oranges will pay
for protection, even at a cost of many
hundred dollars an acre.-T. U. & C.

Cold storage for Pork.
Simon Benjamin, manager of the
East Florida ice factory, is 9 man of
ideas, says Farmer and Fruit Grower.
He has lived a anarter of a century in
Florida, and has noted with regret the
ill-success many farmers have had in
curing their hams and shoulders dur-
ini the winter As it n well known far-
mere watch and take advantage of the
weather, always endeavoring to seize
a cold snap, so that it may remove the
animal heat from around the bone,
and when this is not fully effected,
generally speaking, when the warm
weather comes, notwithstanding the
amo)ling, the meat spoils.
8o Mr. Benjamin thought if the meat
after beilg called, was thoroughly
chilled sad salted, it could be then
smoked and kept without trouble dur-
ing the summer season. He tried the
experiment last season on a, small
scale, chilling and curing about seven
thousand pounds of hams and should-
ers for the farmers, After taking it
home and smoking it, they had splen'
did success with it, so much so that
Mr. Benjamin has fitted up kcold stor-
age room 20x20, at the ice factory and
so far has cured forty thousand pounds
of hams and shoulders, with very grat-
ifying success, and expects to chill
eight to ten thousand pounds more
this season
Mr. BeZnamimn agg c tha at this


there are very few crops that give a
better return for time and labor than
this crop. But to insure the best suc-
cess a proper beginning must be made.
In selecting a location for this crop,
it is essential that the field has a
southern exposure and located so that
the morning sun shines directly on the
crop, for there is all the difference im-
arthlitihs betwt-nd atetr nmrlonas u nrown
where they get the full benefit of the
morning sttn afd those grown where
this condition doesn't exist. 'r -
After selecting the location, it is-ne-
cessary that the nature of the soil
should be such that It would yield the
proper quality of melon, a light sandy
loam and of a worn nature is the best
soil for the crop. Another prime es-
sential is thorough preparation prev-
inou to lanntin the sd- Tihe land
should be thoroughly plowed with a
good turning plow, and everything in
the shape of vegetable plowed under,
and after plowing, the land should be
thoroughly worked with either harrow
or harrow teeth cultivator, the land
will be in good shape. but if in stub-
ble, considerable pains must be taken
so as to get all clods thoroughly pul-
verized. My favorite crop to precede
water melons is sweet potatoes, for in
the digging of this crop the land is put
in almost perfect condition for a suc-
ceeding crop of melons. After put-
ting the soil in as good shape as possi-
ble, lay it off in furrows eight feet each
way and where these furrows check
scatter for three or four feet each way
about a pound and a half of a hihli
grade fertilizer, and mix thoroughly
with the soil. The fertilizer should an-
alyze about seven per cent Phosphoric
acid, and eight percent. potash, and
.two or three per cent. nitrogen, failing
to be able to be to get this grade of
fertilizer, mix six hundred and fifty
pounds acid phosphate, two hundred
and fifty pounds sulphate of potash
and apply a couple of weeks before
planting time and when the plants are
well up apply about one hundred and
fifty pounds of nitrate of soda in the
immediate vicinity of the hills and
work in. This is just as near a com-
plete water melon fertilizer as one can
wish.
SIn growing water melons for ship-
ping, one has to try and avoid too ni-
trogenous a fertilizer; stable manure
and compost fertilizers never give the
high grade melon that commercial fer-
tilizers produce, in iact, all this class
of fertilizers is to be avoided if a
solid shipper is wanted. For home
use compost is used with mineral fer-
tiulers, such as phosphte and potash


rate farmers of Marion county have
salted down one hundred thousand ND
pounds of hog meat, which at a moder- b".Wif
ate estimate is worth $10,000. B* ,,, -
Mr. Benjamin feels very much elat- nL s ss
ed, and from the opinion expressed by sUo ain O~will a
our largest hog breeders, he anticipates Si IT THRiIS NT
that next season he will have to erect S'oe a mno"S I fS'8i
a building especially adapted for colhA si S aS DR O S
storage purposes, and will cure one BEWARE OF IMI
hundred thousand pounds of hams and I YSTmeadc ofer iaSa
various induensata Wut amm
shoulders for our farmers. With this uss As wo a w '.30.
assurance in sight and with velvet THE BURDICK
beans and cassava to fatten the pork, j rs3rwse No MAW z BY Ti
Mr. Benjamin can see no reason why'
Marion county cannot makes its own
meat supply at less cost than can it be
bought from the West.

Water Melon Culture. 3 Iii
In the multiplicity of the southern I mim
farmers' crops, the water melon is very L]jj
apt to be somewhat overlooked and not
receive the attention its importance A
calis for. For take it all ad I AIL m S *


Mrs*, EAR, RGEBUCK& CO. (In.) Chiago, III.

and will give fairly good results, but s EN MONE1
if the season is wet, the vines will be cN m U A n -
apt to scald very badly ofter heavy e ndmato yo
rains. number Inches ag d
In melon growing as in everything weW n ad
else, one has to study his market, o by x
study the variety of melon: reancated y **
in that market, and act accordingly, ens ro neare
and this being one of, the recognized fUPL suPerfe
cash crops ripening in eighty to one aevsU as
hundred days from planting the seed,
one can afford to give it a little extra o. w rd.
attention. At three cents each there Pr 5
is more money in water melons than er p
in almost any crop the southern farm- age
er can make, and therefore the crop r r s. -
should not be neglected, but given the ThI CI lar Plush C 's Wt a
fiet phim, lf thiU Is done. anil dtt
shipping properly managed, the re- St sumI SOmnsd wrtueS l s an Sd
beadingssffnstraed. IbeTmd saaroundwith
turns will prove satisfactory. s a uAber cham Mefar wssSt
C. K. McQuarrie. _IFU~_U, 0O MA
DeFuniak Spring, Fla.

The Escambia river is very high,
Above Pine Barren, Fla., about half a 7 l O J R
mile or Loulsvllle and Nashville Rail- That will l
road is under water. This is the place all the we ke
known as "gum swamp." About a foot i ay te weeds
of water covers the truck in the deep- If you keeplawns
est place.you keep
= het dwA i .ct


Artisti -

MONUMENTS
BXBMCUTD IN........
THE LATEsT blsites or

Marble
and granite.


roin Pnricfng - -
For cemetery and .%i il(xiit

All work uruaranteed. Pricesereasonab.e.
Correspond with i; i ;;
CEO. R. NICHOLS a CO.
605 Harrison Street.


rAMrP -


FLORInc


WE STILL HAVE A FEW
Nice Satsuma oranges on Trifoliata
stocks, entirely unhurt by cold. Also
peaches, plums, grapes, etc., including
the famous James Grape. A few
thousand Trifolita seedlings yet un-
sold. Prices low. Freight is paid.
Summit Nurseries.
Monticello, Fla.


so they do not
go to seed,
and cut your
grass without
breaking the small feeders of roots
the grass will become thick and
weeds will disappear. Send for
catalogue.
THE CLIPPER WILL DO IT
CLIPPER LAWN MOWER CO.
Norristown, Pa


A Joy

of Spring-'

NEW CENTURY
Card= &-A
Fmr I MUKUL
It tab of mmny now
and chom see& andd
plantL It diffew from
A Val" U"Iogucx in
n illustrated~a by
ow"Vaphs-hr-
fecf0rmeMW~t fiM
mre to AU who Plant
mooda Writenow.,
ILJO"NSON inolom
217-219 "du St.
Rosde*"i
hML


NATIONS











150 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Oysters.
Perhaps there is no dish that can be
served In as many ways as this shell
3ah, and we give some selected recipes
for different ways of serving it. Soup
is probably the way in which it is most
often served, and with crisp crackers
and celery stalk it makes a most royal
stew, says an exchange.
Oyster Soup.-To a quart of oysters
use there pints of milk. Drain your
oysters, add the Juice with a teaspoon-
ful of salt to the milk, when it comes
to a boil, skim, add your oysters that
have been picked over and washed,
and let come to a boil again, then a ta-
blespoonful of butter and a couple of
shakes of pepper.
Escaloped Oysters.-Drain and wash
your oysters. Butter your baking dish,
then add a laying of crtakor crumbs,
then a laying of oysters, with a little
salt and pepper and butter, until your
of crumbs. Then add a well beaten egg
dish is most full, leaving the top layer
with the oyster Juice, and milk to near-
ly cover them, and bake for half an
hour, of three-quarters if necessary.
Cover the dish while in the oven so the
flavor will not escape.
Creamed Oysters.-Take a heaping
tablespoonful of butter and two of flour
and melt together; then add a quart of
milk with a tablespoonful of salt and a
couple of dashes of pepper, and stir
constantly until it thickens. Cook your
oysters in their juice, with a little salt
added, fdr about five minutes. Then
drain and stir the oysters in the gravy,
then add the Juice of half a lemon and
a teacup of chOpped o0lory. Pour over
buttered toast and serve.
Fried Oysters.-Drain carefully, re-
move all bits of shell, and sprinkle with
pepper and salt, and set in a cool
place for ten or fifteen minutes. Then,
If oysters are small, pour them into a
pan of crackers rolled fine, add the
liquor, mix well and let stand for five
minutes, add at little salt and pepper,
mold into small cakes with two or
three oysters in each, roll in dry crack-
ers until well incrusted, and fry in hot
lard and butter, or beef drippings.
Serve hot in covered dish, Or dip the
oysters in the yolk of eggs, well sea-
soned and beaten, then in corn meal,
with a little baking powder mixed with
it and fry in hot lard like doughnuts,
or If you have a frying basket, place
them on that, and drop it in the hot
lard. Test the heat as for doughnuts.
Raw Oysters.-Wash the shell, open,
detaching the flat shell, loosen from the
deep shell, but leave them in it, and
serve half dozen on a plate, with a
quarter of a lemon in center. Eat
with salt, pepper and lemon juice or
vinegar.

HOW'S THIS?
We offer One Hundred Dollar Re-
ward for any case of Catarrh that can-
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. 3. Cheney & Co., Proprs., Toledo,
Ohio.
We, the undermined have known F.
J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and be-
lieve him perfectly honorable in all
business transactions and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by their firm.
West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists,
Toledo, Ohio.
Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Whole-
sale Druggists, Toledo, Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh Is taken internally,
acting directly upon the blood and mu-
eas sufaces of the system. Price 75c
per bottle. old by all druggists. Tes-
tiamenals free.
Bai's analy Pills are the best.


'The Care of Chicks. ers of farcy poultry in this country,
The success or failure of poultry and that 6,000 of them feed their fowls


keeping depends, we might rightly
say, upon the caro given the young
chicks during the first few weeks of
their life.
Should they be handled properly and
given a good start towards growth and
hardihood, the chances are that later
in life they will be both profitable and
handsome, while on the other hand,
should they be neglected and allowed
to become stunted in growth, they will
most certainly prove failures in the
world of poultrydom.
It is, therefore, wise for everyone
who cares to raise chickens, whether
for pleasure or profit, to carefully look
after the little ones during the first
few weeks after hatching.
In the first place very young chicks
require more heat than food. Na-
ture has provided for them as to food,
we must supply the necessary heat,
that is, protect them either by artifi-
cial means, or If hatched under hens,
a warm place must be provided for
the mothers-which will in turn care
for their brood.
When chicks begin to hatch, do not
disturb the hen( except to perhaps
take a few of the shells from the nest.
Let her remain quietly at least twelve
hours after the last chick has broken
the shell. Then remove her and
chicks gently from the nest, and put
her in a slat coop under dryly shed,
where the sun freely shines and let
the chicks nestle under her wings.
If the day be pleasant give them a
little rolled oatB, or qatmeal,
slightly moisened with sweet
milk. A board tweve inches square
placed in front of the hen will be found
useful in keeping the food clean. A
little sand or fine grit should also be
scattered over the board.
tale crackers are also very good
for first food and may be given either
dry or slightly moistened. Sweet milk
is good for young chicks, but must be
given in shallow plates, or in patent
fountains; otherwise the chicks will
fall into it and get wet and chilled.
'Ater the second day a variety of
food should be given, such as ground
bone, cracked wheat, corn, etc., but
guard against dampness and cold.-
Home and Farm.

The Home Flock.
'After al Ithe song has been sung and
all the story has been written about
pure bred poultry, its merits and de-
merits, the fact will remain the same,
that it is the home flock-the hens that
range on the farm, about the stable
yards, the fields and the fence rows,
and the hens mat in the village scratch
for their living in the back yards and
the alleys-the fact that they are the
hens that furnish the eggs and the
spring chickens for hungry humanity,
this fact will still prevail.
The millions of dollars that some
people figure up to the credit of the
American hen are shared by the thou-
sands who have their home flocks of
good, bad and indffferent hens, to a
much greater extent than by the fan-
cier who must have every feather alike
and the skin according to the latest
standard.
It is not my purpose to belittle pure
bred poultry, because I have been
breeding it for sixteen years or more,
but I am not one of those persons who
thin that thoroughbred poultry is the
whole thing. Some one who has
crushed oyster shells for sale sent me
a circular the other day, in winch it
was stated that there were 9,000 breed-


crushed oyster shells, on whicl. fact 1
make no comment; but if the limit of
fanciers is 9,000, or even 90,000. and
they each clear $100 a year (whici
they don't), what figure would $900,-
000 or even 9,000,000 cut in the $200,-
000,000 that are usually figured out to
the credit of the American hen?
Now, then, for the home flock. It is
the true basis of our poultry industry,
It is there the mint is located that
coins the pennies that soon become
dimes, and the dimes dollars; and it
is there the effort should be put forth
to increase the product and the value
of our poultry industry. Let the girls
and the boys on the farms and in the
villages; let the men and the women,
te, put forth renewed efforts to in-
crease the laying of their hens and to
raise more chickens this year than ever
before. Let the effort to advance the
poultry industry begin where it will
amount to something; begin at the
source, which is the home flock, and
then the value of the poultry business
may be increased an hundred fold.
More eggs from this home, and more
chickens from that; a general advance
in production, which, in eggs and
chickens, is usually below the demand,
and then we may truly say that there
is a genuine boom in the poultry busi-
ness of the country.
Look after the layers; house and
feed them better than ever before.
Give the hens with the chickens better
attention, better coops, with plenty of
fVed and water, and this way there
will come to the communities in which
poultry is raised many a dollar that
would otherwise, go elsewhere.-H.
B. Geer in Farm and Ranch.

Farmers and builders will fnd it to
their advantage to write to Goo. H,
Fernald, Sanford, Fla., for prices on
all tools, implements and builders' sup-
plies. He is agent for the Acme Har-
rows, Walter A. Wood Mowers and
rakes, Remington, Avery and Brinly
Plows, Charter Oak Stoves and
Ranges, Devoe's Paints and Columbia
Bicycles. He has the best equipped
plumbing, steam and gas fitting estab-
lishment and tin shop in South Flor-
ida. Pumps, Columbia Bicycles, Boil-
ers, Machinery, new and second hand
,a specialty. All inquiries promptly an-
swered.

SPEAKING OF DELAWARE.
Teacher-Now, Tommy, tell me what
the principal commodities of the state
of Delaware are?
Tommy (who reads the newspapers)
-The failure of the peach crops.-
Philadelphia Record.

Idle people are never happy, and are
often hungry No p1er0 0 need d eam
of a happy life without work.

A good time to subscribe.


THE EXPANSION POUIC
is well exemplified in Irae er Nee. IWe eie.
FAuK WOTrS WIIl S F (M AlIUJ, ,Ul.


WOMIE CUNR



AT HOME.


THE GREATEST OF SPECIALISTS
OFFERS TO THE SUFFERING
HIS SERVICES AND
REMEDIES.
For more than twenty-ive yeas Dr. J. New-
ton Hathaway has made a specialty of Female
Diseases. During that time he has had among
his patients over ten thous-
and women, suffering from all
those many different coa
S plaintspecullartotthe sex,a
has completely and perma-
nently cured more than 8 pmr
cent. of tme eases he
treated.
By his exclusive metIo,
whleh he has perfected durli
the twenty-five years of his
most extensive practice, he is enabled to cure all
of these different diseases, including platfn,
profuse or suppressed menstruaton. prolapses,
an ovarian trouble, tumors and ulceration--I
fact, every form of those diseases which make
burden of life to the great majority of women.
He has so perfected this system of his that he
can treat these cases by mal, without any per-
sonal examination (to which every sensitive
wonau naturally objects) and without any oer-
ation, with Its consequent pain and eensary
danger.
His system of treatment is taken In the p
vacy of the home; the cure Is painless and tr-
positive.
ONS LOW PBE.
Write him a letter stating briefy your emcni.
tion and he will send you a blank to be fIled out.
He will give your ease his personal attention
care and make his fee so moderate (Including Ia
mediciesnecessary) that you will not fed te
burden of the payment, and he will gusaAe
you a positive cure. Address,
J. NEWTO HATNAWAV, 1. 1.
D r. atbsw *wC.,
B5 ramtre t, samwnah.ea.
RaMiONx TIs rPAPa wCas wlrrmWo.



wP_;0WW I











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 11


MOaAL DIWAInW.

Addres all a onmaf stlo- to the
editor, W. O. St~le, Sltwherim d, FPa.

The interesting letter of Dr. Nehr-
ling, which we print this week, occu-
pies so much space that we omit our
usual editorial. We make no apology
for this, as the letter is more interest-
ing than anything we could write.

A Beautiful Florida Home.
The following clipped from the Mil-
waukee Sentinel is an exceedingly in-
teresting account of what may be done
in Florida:
In a private letter to a Milwaukee
friend, Dr. Henry Nehrling, who just
came from Gotha, Fla., after a visit of
a few weeks, relates many facts of plant
and bird life in that section. Many
palms and vines are in the height of
their flowering season at Christmas,
and the birds are various and beautiful.
Mr. Nehrling writes:
"Though the orange, lemon, lime and
pomelo trees have suffered again se-
verely by the freeze of February 13,
1899, when the thermometer went down
to 20 degrees F., my garden looks ex-
ceedingly beautiful. Most of my plants
have attained wonderful proportions
since I saw them last two years ago.
When I first entered the premises I
was surprised in such a way that I al-
most thought I was in a fairy land.
The grand specimens of palms and
bamboos, the stately magnolias and
Japanese evergreen oaks and the
wealth of woody climbers made a deep
and lasting impression. The dense
bushes, mostly evergreen, were alive
with my feathered friends, the birds.
Cardinals, brown thrushes, mocking-
birds, towhees, phoebes, Carolina
wrens, song sparrows and a large num-
ber of different warblers constantly
skipped through the foliage.' Ground
doves, mourning doves and quails were
exceedingly abundant. The goldfinch
and robin visited the garden in large
numbers. Most of these birds come
from the north, and they find an ex-
ceedingly congenial winter home here.
Formerly when the trees and shrubs
were only small, scarcely a bird, ex-
cept the blue jay and the loggerhead
shrike, could be seen. You can scarce-
ly imagine the beauty of the cardinal
red-bird among the dark evergreen
foliage.
"My garden is bordered on the east
by a small lake, which I have named
Lake Audubon. The margin of the lake
was two years ago devoid ot trees ani
shrubs. In the fall of 1897 I planted a
large number of azaleas and androme-
das, collected in the swamps of this
neighborhood. The American laurel
(Persea Carollnlensis), the American
olive (Olea Americana), the laurel cher-
ry (Prunus Caroliniana), the wax myrtle
(Myrica cerifera), the Dahoon (Ilex
Dahoon), all beautiful broad-leaved
evergreen trees and shrubs; the Ogee-
chee lime (Nyssa capitatt), which all
were raised in my grccnhotis fi if
seed three years ago and which were
planted out on the margin of the lake
in the fall of 1897, have formed dense
thickets from ten to seventeen feet
,high. Many of the shrubs are over-
grown with a graceful native species
of smilax, the leaves of which have now
attained a beautiful purpliAh trd teltr.
In the shade beneath these plants,
where it is constantly moist, four ex-
quisite species of Florida ferns are
growing luxuriantly. These thickets,


the paradise of the cardinal redbird,
are edged with bamboos, star anise
bushes (Illicium anisatum and I. Flor-
idanum), Japanese evergreen oaks
(Quercus cuspidata, Q. acuta, Q. glauca,
Q. Buergeri), camellias, others, vi-
burnum odoratissimum from Japan,
Japanese magnolias, etc. Having sent
down almost every plant, from small
pots in my greenhouse, two years ago,
they have attained such immense sizes
that they all seem strange and new to
me.
"A large shed which has been put up
for the purpose of accommodating
woody climbers is now a mass of
tangled green and variously colored
posts are old pine trees, still contain-
ing the old branches. These are now
entirely covered with evergreen tropi-
cal and semi-tropical climbers. The
Cherokee and Banksia roses, both from
China; the Japanese honeysuckle, the
Clerodendron Balfouri from Cochin,
China; the Allamanda in three different
species from Brazil: the Kadsura Ja-
ponica and Stauntonia hexaphylla, both
from Japan; the Carolina jasmine, the
Tecoma Capensis from South Africa,
climbing tea and Noisette roses have
formed such a tangled mass that not a
ray of sUf hine can pace through. High
above the shed the tall posts are cov-
ered with Bignonia venusta and B.
Tweediana, both from tropical Amer-
ica, our native cross-vine (Bignonia
capreolata) and the Brazilian blue pas-
sion flower (Passiflora caerulea.)
"Just now these colmuns of solid
gree are covered with the red flowers
of the cross-vine and the blue passion
flower. The double form of the Caro-
lina jasmine, the gorgeous allamandas,
the orange-scarlet Tecoma Caponsis,
the deep blue Meyenia erecta and the
purple Pleroma-macrantha (the first one
from tropical Africa, the latter from
Brazil), make a grand show on and
around this shed.
"A trellis, which is overtowered by
a set of martin boxes, is now replete
with the flowers of the Mexican moun-
tain rose (Antigonon leptopus), the
white Thunbergia fragrans and the
goose and swan flower (Ariatolo-
chia ornithocephala and A. cymbifera),
with their gigantic -and curiously
formed blossoms, attracting a great
deal of attention and interesting even
those who are not particularly fond of
horticulture. Farther up on the hill,
about twenty-five feet above the level
of the lake, is the main garden, and the
place reserved for a dwelling This
part of the garden, about two acres,
was in 1891 a pine forest. It was
cleared in the fall of that year and the
first magnolias, pia ms, yuccas, etc., were
planted out in Ic'2 and 1893. The im-
mense bushes of the yellow, elder (Te-
coma stands) fifteen to twenty feet high,
are bent down on all sides by the
weight of the large yellow flower truss-
es, and the night jasmine (Cestrum noc-
turnum), about te I feet high and twen-
ty feet through, i so profusely covered
with flowers that I- e exquisite fragrance
during the night i almost overpower-
ing.
"During the ,.ay the flowers are
scentless. Both these bushes have
grown up since the February freeze.
"The beauty and grandeur of the
palmE in the ~ardcn is wondcrfulI
Phoenix Canarit sis, Ph. sylvestris,
Ph. tenuis, Ph. Leonensis, etc.,, are
beautiful beyond zscription. Many of


long. Of equal beauty are Cocos Aus-
tralis, C. Blumenavia, C. Alphonsii, C.
Yatay, C. Gaertneri, which are mostly
in flower now and many of which are
also opening their aromatic cherry-like
fruits. The plume-like leaves of these
palms, mostly of a beautiful bluish
color, stand more upright. It is diffi-
cult to describe in a satisfactory way
the grand specimens of fan-leaved
palms, such as Sabal Blackburniana
and S. Havanensis, with bluish-green
fan-shaped leaves of immense size; S.
umbraculifera and others.
"'These palms have all been raised
from seed by myself during the last
nine years. Most of them are just be-
ginning to form trunks, and these are
often almost as thick as a water barrel.
The Sabals are mostly planted in groups
and the species of Phoenix and Cocos
mostly in avenues.
"The Cycas revoluta from Japan,
wrongfully called the Sago palm, so
highly prized in northern greenhouses,
is well represented by large specimens.
These remnants of a fossil flora are ex-
ceedingly beautiful, the leaves being
very dark, glossy green. The center of
the plant is covered with a brown,
wooly substance which forms an excel-
lent protection to the tender embryo
leaf buds. I have also two other filing
Cycads on the place, namely the Mexi-
can Dioon edule and the Zamia integri-
folia or "Coontie" of Florida, the latter
in dense masses.
"The conifers are mostly tropical
forms of great beauty. The most con-
spicuous is the Himalayan cypress (Cu-
pressus torulosa), which has attained a
height of fifteen feet in four years. It
is very dense and provided with
branches from the ground. The Guad-
alupe cypress (C. Guadelupensis), the
cedar of Goa (C. Lusitanica), Ben-
tham's and Knight's cypresses (C. Ben-
thami and C. Knightiana), the funeral
cypress of China and Japan (C. fune-
bris). and the Italiaon cypress (C. sem-
pervirens), are all represented in beau-
tiful dense specimens. One of the most
striking conifers is the Cunninghamia
sinensis from Southern China and the
exquisite Cryptomeria Japonica from
Japan. The red cedar and the Bermuda
cedar are represented in a large num,


in very dense and striking specimens.
Of exotic trees the most conspicuous
is the camphor tree (Cinnamomea cam-
phora), from Japan. One planted out
in the fall of 1895 is now eighteen feet
high and twelve feet in diameter. These
trees are of very dense habit, provided
with branches from the ground and per-
fect pictures of beauty and elegance.
A persimmon tree near by, about thirty
feet high, is covered from the ground
to the top with a dense mass of the
evergreen climbing Japanese honey-
suckle. A group of the Yucca aloifolia
or Adam's needle and a fig tree with
immense leaves are very striking.
"Among the trees are fine specimens
of myrtles, banana shrubs (Magnolia
fuscata), pomegranates, etc. The Hibis-
cus, the Hamelia patens, many tea
roses, the Crinum amabile with its de-
liciously fragrant purplish blossoms,
and many jasmines are all in flower at
present.
"Insect life is very abundant, the Al-
lamandas, yellow elders and night
blooming jasmines swarming with but-
terflies, moths, bees, wasps and beetles.
"Birds, exceedingly abundant among
the dense cypresses, camphor trees and
other evergreens, are mostly silent now.
One morning I heard the charming
song of the brown thrushes- The blue
jays are very noisy and the southern
chickadee and the phoebe are constantly
heard. The flicker and the red-headed
woodpecker are very noisy in the early
morning hours. A few days ago I saw
the 'king of birds,' the bald-headed
eagle, sail through the air in majestic
circles.
"A few alligators of small size are of-
ten sunning themselves on the margin
of the lakes. They are not molested, as
they are always in pursuit of the pois-
onous water moccasin, which -is very
abundant here. The diamond rattle-
snake I have not seen this year. They
usually spend the winter in the many
gopher- holes on the edge of my gar-
den. The name 'gopher,' as almost all
comomn names of animals and plants,
is very misleading. This animal in
Florida has nothing in common with
our northern rodent, but it is a land
turtle. The nearest relative to our
northern gopher in Florida is the ;la-


ber of specimens, the Bermuda cedar mander. The air is exceedingly pure
being especially striking, and salubrious and the sky in the even-
"Some other conifers which had ing is beautiful beyond description.
grown to large specimens, like the no- "To my superintendent, Mr. Franz
ble Callitris robusta and the Norfolk Barthels, a man of excellent scientific
pine (Araucaria Bidwilli) were killed training, a close observer of nature, and
outright by the February freeze. restless from early morn till night, the
"Most of the oaks which came up af- success so far attained is mainly due."
ter the pines had been cleated away in
1892 are now trees of considerable size, CATALOGUES RECEIVED.
some being at least thirty feet high. Ellis Bros., Keene. N. H., general catalogue
Sof plants, seeds and bulbs.
Most of them are overgrown with Wm. Bull, 536 King's road, Chelsea, London,
climbing plants such as the trumpet England, "Catalogue of New, Rare and Beau.
creeper (Tecoma radicant), the cross' tiful Plants," also catalogue of vegetable and
vine (Bignonia capreolata), smilax and flower seeds.
Sutton & Sons, Reading, England, "Ama-
Carolina jasmine. My favorite tree is tuer's Guide in Horticulture for 1900,' "A
the broad-leaved evergreen, magnilia Complete List of Vegetable and Flower
grandiflora. This magnificent tree of Seeds."
stately growth, fine, glossy foliage, ex- H. Cannell & Son, Swanley, Kent, England,
"Complete Catalogue of Golden Seeds." "II-
quisitely fragrant, large, white flowers lustrated and Complete Floral Gude of
and red fruit cones, is represented in Plants." "Autumn Catalofue of 181. a Val-
many specimens, some of then being uisla 1lt88 8 Refaet ee ir MOttoulitua-
almost everblooming.
"I have plants from at least thirty Small fruit culture is always most
different localities in the south. The successful on the Intensive plan. Plant
largest one, planted out in 1891, is nqw only a small area at a time and give
twenty-eight feet high, while a number it only the best of culture.
set out in the fall of I893 are fromI
twelvY to sixteen feet high, all havingl
branches up from the ground and flo*w- -
ering profusely. Two other native trees'
of great beauty, the holly (Ilex opada) tEa od


the leaves are from ten to twelve feet and the laurel cherry, are represented


,,ThrrJw











m THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FOiIA AmGBICIIIff.IST

Entered at the postofce at DeLand, Flor-
ida. as second class matter.

E. 0. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.

Publihed every Wededay, and dcvotsd to
the deeopment of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.


Member of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Amliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
TERMS.
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tributonwill be regarded.

-Moaey should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
MIon Order oa DeLnd, or Registered Let-
tlWs erwiase the publisher will not be re-
siMj in ae of loss. When personal
chAW W'e used exchange mst be added.
qlrj48i cet 2 stamps taken when change
an in acr tion, all a&dvrtiWintUs f
SW mut be rei ved by 10 o'clock
ning of each wee.
n.. aibei11r when writing to have the ad-
4 If th&I pIpar chaingd MUST the the
old as well as the new address.

We now have an office in Jacksonville,
Room Robino Block, Viaduct, where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to see any of our sub-
scribers. Any time we can be of service in
Jacksonville. drop us a line to above address.

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 1900.


Peanut Culture.
The February Oklahoma Experi
ment Bulletin has the following con-
erining the culture of peanuts, which
may be suggestive fo our readers who
are so situated that peanut culture
would be profitable to them:
While it is not desirable to engage
too extensively in the production of
any single crop, any addition to the
number of profitable crops grown is an
advantage, as it leads to greater di-
versification and safer farming.
Hard soils are not suited to profit-
able peanut culture. Sandy soil, if
sufficiently moist, and loose loams are
preferable.
The soil should le prepared as for
corn or cotton and free from clods.
roots, corn stubble and other rubbisb.
The seed should be hulled before
planting. About two bushels of nuts
in the pod are required for an acre,
and in seeding, the skin of the kernel
should not be broken and all imper-
fect kernels should be rejected.
The time of planting must be de-
termined by the character of the sea-
son and should be delayed until all
; r jifr~ om frost Is past. The plant-
ing may be either in drills or cheek
rows. Three feet between the rows
and two seeds every twelve to sixteen
inches is perhaps the average.
A sufficient amount of cultivation
must be given to keep the soil free
from weeds, but more is unnecessary.
Both level and ridge cultivation is
practiced, though it is questionable if
ridging is necessary. Higher yields are
usually obtained from level cultivation.
especially in dry seasons
A special plow arranged to cut the
~p root of the vre sad loosen the soll



*.


Is necessary in harvesting. The
vines with the peanuts at-
tached are then forked into
windows. If the weather is dry there
is no need of staclkng the vines, out
if it rains the quality of the crop will
be injured in two or three weeks the
pods are ready to be picked or thrash-
ed. Hand picking was formerly prac-
ticed, but it's slow and tedious. Pea-
nut thrashing machines run by horse
or steam power are more economical,
and unless the use of such a machine
can be obtained, it would not be prof-
itable to grow the crop.
The vines have a high feeding value
approximately equal to that of the al-
falfa, or cow pea hay. If planted for
hog pasture, it should be an enclosed


space so that the hogs may harvest the
crop after the pods have matured.
The peanut belongs to the same
class of plants as clover, alfalfa, and
cow peas, and does not, if properly
handled, draw heavily upon the fertil-
ity of the soil.

Gauava for Stock.
In an excellent article on fattening
stock, the West Florida Echo, of Grand
Ridge, a paper that has been of great
service to the agricultural interests of
the State, says:
Cassava grows on all Florida soils
and will make an easy product of eight
to fifteen tons per acre, and is at its
best during the months when most
required for feed, or fattening. This
new root has been fully tested at our
own experiment farm at Lake City,
under the skillful management of Dr.
H. E. Stockbridge, and by him it is
proved to be the best of all products
for fattening stock, he having put fat
upon hogs for seven-tenths of one cent
per pound, and on beef for a shade
less than one cent per pound. This is
estimated on the commercial value of
the cassava at $5.50 per ton, which is
the price pald the farmers by the
starch factories f. o. b. cars to farmers
when grown. The comparative value
of this root is placed by Dr. Stock-
bridge at four pounds of cassava root
equal to one pound of shelled corn.
This then would figure thus-eight
tons of cassava roots (a minimum
yield) equals 16,000 pounds-285 bush-
els at 56 pounds per bushel, then tak-
ing four bushels or 224 pounds of cas-
sava roots to equal 56 pounds of corn,
shows that one acre of cassava is equal
to nearly seventy five bushels of corn.
This settles beyond all question the
matter of feed for fattening stock,
and Dr. Stockbridge testifies that it
is equally good for all kinds of stock
including horses and milch cows. With
such grass and feed there is yet one,
and not the least factor in stock feed-
ing, and that is the weather.
If food is fuel, and a just proportion
is consumed in combatting the intense
cold of the North, may we not reason-
ably calculate that the same amount of
food will produce twice as mucl. fat if
fed in our inimitable Florida wint-rs,
to say nothing of the real pleasure, the
farmer has in attending his stock.
The writer has fed and sheltered stock
in three of the Northern States, and
feels that he can speak advisedly and
after ten years of residence in this sec-
tion of Florida, can now say that it is
the best stock country, and offers to-
day the best future for stock-growing
and fattening, of any State in the Un-
ion.

CROPS AND PRODUCTS.
Velvet Beans.-A carload of velvet
beans were shipped last week by


Dickson and Ives to Louisiana. This
Is the second car load this winter that
has gone to this State, and another will
follow shortly. Every farmer in the
country should put in a few acres this
spring. The demand is increasing for
them in States where the bean will not
mature for seed, and every bushel
raised can be disposed of next win-
ter.-Orlando Reporter.
West India Potato.-Sheriff Hagan
and Deputy Clark have just invested
in some seed of a West India potato,
that is indeed an agricultural curiosi-
ty The tuber somewhat resembles an
Irish potato in contour and flavor, but
not in size, as many of them, if left
to grow, attain immense proportions-


26 pounds. They grow on poor or fer-


I


tile land with equal success, cannot be
produced from the vine, but are pro-
pagated from the root. The above gen-
tlemen propose giving the West In-
dian yam a fair trial on their respec-
tive farms at Sauble and San Mateo.-
Palatka Advertiser.
Watermelons.--Every available tract
of land on Charlotte Harbor is being
planted in watermelons. The early
planting of melons is up and beginning
to run. Thus far vegetation has suf-
fered no injury from cold. The or-
ange groves never looked better, nor
in better condition.- Lakeland Sun.


Adviot to Oattlers.
Thousands of dollars have been
wasted in this country by settlers who
think they know better how to make a
living here than the average Florida
cracker. It is true, that, as a rule, the
crackers are not as well educated as
the people who live in more thickly
settled communities, but they have
much better developed brains than
most people think, and when they see
a conceipted man put in to show them
a thing or two about making a living
in their own country and fail, they say
that he has more money than brains,
laugh and go on as before.
But they always sympathize wit!
good people, who have been misled by
deceivers for the sake of gain.
I believe that after having lived
here twenty-six years, that I can offer
some suggestions that will aid honest
effort.
First, select some good land, not too
much, and if you are not sure that it is
good land fence and fertilize, by cow
penning if possible, only a small patch;
plant corn, sweet potatoes, sugar cane
and cow peas, before making other im-
provements, and if you make a fair
crop the first year go ahead, your land
is all right. If not, you had better
move before spending your money.
When you have selected a good piece
of land get a supply of live stock for
your own use, say, one good brood
mare, twenty-five cows and calves and
a little start of hogs and chickens,
then watch the most successful crack-
er and manage your cattle just as you
see him manage his. Go slow at first,
try to raise your home supplies and a
small market garden. If you run
short of money, be a jack at all trades,
take a job when you can get a good
one, then work at home and keep out
of debt as much as possible. Don't
try to get rich too fast, plant a few
orange trees, some from one to five
hundred, according to your means.
but not too many, as la ge groves are
often neglected too much. And above
all things build up for yourself a good
name by keeping sober and by abid-
ing strictly to the laws of your coun-
try, in fact, do right; for a man is re-


spected more for what he is than for
what he has.
We have a good country, but if a
persons tells you that the streams here
flow with honey, and that the bushes
bear battercakes and that all you have
to do is to shake the bushes and eat
battercakes and honey, don't believe a
word of it, for you will find that it re-
quires Skill and energy to make a good
living any where.-Sarasota Times.

Complaint Againt tule Adams Ex-
pres.
Receivers of Florida products com-
plain bitterly this week that veget-
ables arriving were injured by the
cold after leaving the refrigerator
cars. The injury is attributed to im-
perfect protection in express wagons
and careless methods of handling.
In speaking of this matter a promi-
nent merchant there, said: "The Ad-
ams Express Co. is censured because
of its lack of facilities in taking care
of vegetables in its wagons. The
stuff arrives all right and is perfectly
safe on the Company's pier. But it is
sent out in wagons which do not af-
ford adequate shelter.
"The packages are placed in the
wagons which are closed by a curtain
at the front and rear. This is not
sufficient precaution when the weather
is unusually cola, particularly as these
curtains generally are not tightly fas-
tened, and admit the air freely. Eith-
er the company should provide tightly
closed vans, or it should cover the
packages well with blankets. They
assign as a reason for not doing the
latter, that they have not got enough
blankets to go around. This is a flim-
sy excuse.
"The business of hauling Southern
products is big enough to warrant the
most complete facilities for their ade-
quate protection. The express com-
pany has closed vans for other goods
which are not near so delicate as early
vegetables. Why, then, should it not
exercise every precAUtioni t taji 4Are
of our goods, on which the clharfges
are abnormally high because of their
perishable nature? Every time a
spell of particularly cold weather
comes there is a large percentage of
loss. Our trade supplies the Adams
Express Company with a large
amount of business at this season of
the year, and we are entitled to every
consideration in the matter .f getting
the goods in first-class condition.
These complaints are most just and
should be heeded. What is the use
in a concern making a great outlay to
bring cargoes here in good condition,
only to have them injured for the
want of a few proper wagons or a few
blankets? The story of damaged
vegetables is repealed every time the
weather is unusually cold. We hope
the express company will take notice
-N. Y. Fruit Trade Journal

Fruits and Vegetables in Cuba.
Cuba's possibilities as a source of
fruit and vegetable supply is attract*
ing considerable attention, as the is-
land's internal condition improves and
industries there revive. In an inter-
esting talk on the subject recently. Mr.
A. G. Hutcheson, of A. G. Hutcheson
Co., reviewed the situation and gave
some interesting information.
"At present," Mr. Hutcheson said,
"the vegetable production in Cuba is
all in the hands of the native popula-
tion. There are few gardens cultiva-
ted on a large scale. The area under
cultivation is confined to a small dia-











I LORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 153


trict within a radius of twenty miles
of Havana. The fact that the entire
crop exported comes from this small
area does not mean that other parts
of Cuba could not be as successfully
cultivated. The soil is just as good
elsewhere, but the transportation fa-
cilities are so poor as to render the
cultivation of farther outlaying dis-
tricts unprofitable. Any gardens at a
greater distance from Havana would
;e, under existing conditions, practi-
cally inaccessible. The new steel steam-
ships recently added to the fleet
of the Ward Line, which makes the
trip from Havana to this city in three
days, greatly facilitates the growing


trade.
"The vegetable trade is still greatly
hampered by the heavy freights and
high import duties. There is now
promise of a reduction of the freight
rates, which are almost double the
rtires to Bermuda, which in this re-
spect is In a better and more advanta-
geous position, as regards the trade,
than Cuba. The import duties are
the same for Bermuda and Cuba, but
ir Cuba were annexed or a discrimin-
ating duty established favorable to
its products, the result would be in-
stantaneous, and the trade thus fos-
tered.would increase a hundredfold
in a few years.
"The Cuban vegetable trade Is not
a very important factor in the winter
market at present, but the limited area
at present under cultivation must be
taken into consideration, as well as
the fact that it has had scarcely a
yomr to build its1e up since the ruin
and prostration caused by the pertol
of war and insurrection. The two
staples, onions and potatoes, which
are subject to duties of 40 cents per
bushel and 75 cents per barrel, re-
spectively, form the bulk of the expor-
tation. The potatoes are good, but
the yield is light as compared with the
yield of the same area in America.
"Onions can be raised to perfection
and they form the largest and mo-t
valuable part of the Cuban crop. Both
soil and climate are remarkably well
adapted for their production. Toma-
toes, of which only a small quantity
is annually imported to this country.
are not and never will be an important
element in the trade, because of the
superiority of the Florida tomatoes.
The recent cultivation of Florida toma
toes, has, in fact, almost completely
put a stop to the Bermuda tomat
trade, at one time of great magnitude.
The Florida tomatoes are not onli
greatly superior in quality, but they
are not handicapped by the high tariff
which applies to those imported froll
Bermuda.
"Puerto Rico will never be a com-
petitor in the fruit or vegetable mar-
kets of America, because of its remote
ness. Even with the establishment of
a line of fast steamships from the is-
land to some accessible American port
with good shipping facilities, its trade
would scarcely be likely to become a
factor. The voyage to this city at the
shortest would be fatal to the ship-
ment of soft fruits or vegetables."-
Fruit Trade Journal.

Mtandrarin Oranges in Demand.
United State Consul Skinner at Mar-
seilles, France, reports to this govern-
ment that the mandarin oranges are
Growing in popularity in Europe, and
that the demand is likely to increase
The fruit grows in Spain and Algeria
principally, though Southern France
produces a considerable quantity. Call-


fornians are turning their attention to
the growth of this orange.

Six negro prisoners, confined in The
corridor of the Jackksonville jail, es
caped a few nights ago by dropping
through a hole in the floor into the riv
er, and then swimming to shore. This
makes the third time prisoners escap-
ed from this jail in the sain wa;y last
month.


m


HTGH CLASS trees of all best adapted sorts.
Catalogue free. G. L. Taber, Glen St. Mary
Nurseries, Glen St. Mary, Fl. 43tf
WA'NTED-Lands, cleared and timbered.
"racts oft en or more acres. Give full
4-scription and lowest price. Address.
PLATRHEK & CO avannah. Ga, 811

FOR SALE--100 cash. Eight acres of
high pine land near DeLand Junction; 5
acres cleared, three acres of which are
'n grove, the balance of the tract is in
timber. Small house and a well on the
nlace. Address, T. M. H., Oare Agricul-
turist, DeLand, Fla. rty


, OR PROFIT AND PLEASURE


BUY ONLY


GRIFFIN'S

Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultry.
HIGHEST TQUA LITY. LOWEST PRl('IgS.
Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,

Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
A SPECIALTY.
All tlhe Standard Varieties of Orange, Lemon I Grape Fruits In
stock. -Also a complete assortment of the best varieues of Peaches, Plums.
Japan Persimmons, Pears, Apples, M ulberries, Figs, Pecans, Grapes, Or-
naluental trees, Roses, etc., etc.. adapted for southern planting.
The mot extensive propalntung establishment in the Lower South.
Largest and most complete ciltalogue published in the South, listing ;.
complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon applicn
tion. Address,

THE G7IFFLNG BROS. CO., ""'S .OI.
City Office and Grounds 1149 Main 't.



Farmers' Attention I

8PCCIAL
SPRING
GOODS

Avcry Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
GEORGIA STOCKS.
SPRAYING OUTFITS,

and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies

Poultry Netting t'"y&- Columbia Bicycles
CHAPTER OAK STOVES,
CARRARA PAINT, lt)MN PIPE, BOILEHS AND PUMPS
WRITE FOR PRICES.
GEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.

FODDER CUTTER uh Corn S a Cru -- sUY$ A -UIT
fE Pinrer lbr 1.1. 3 at44nrduB Y3i lib I W ^99 __ __-


"THE HECKEY NEST BOX."
Is just the thing. It showsto a certainty
which her lays and the eag she lays Also
pedigrees poultry. Nothing else like it
rwant money maker. Poultry raisers must
use it to be successful. Don'twaste time and
money feeding dr >nes, usethis value b'e in
ven riio; cull them out and keep your layers.
Agents waited everywhere. Big pofilts (70)
per cent.) Quickest seller out. Send c stamp
;:t -nee for illustrated descriptive booklet
giving full Information, and secure terri-
,ry. Address. J. P. HECK, Lock Box 65.
rittsleid, Ill.

DO ??
YOU EEP BEES?
No matter-my 84-page Boe Book
Tells How
It will inte est and please you. I know it
wl 1. It's ree. Writetoday-the honeysea-
son's coming. J. l. JenklLas, Wetampka,
Alabama, Z-14

CHEAP COLUMN

RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
00 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make
your choice. White and Brown leghorns,
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff
of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cata-
logue and price list free.
5tf. E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
LAI(ENUR843-S.
Fruiland Park, Lake Co., a.
Off,; fasr uly planting a26 rrictica o f i ad
3 year citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address, C. W. FOX, Prop.
24t1
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
Grapefruit Trees 4,500 budded. Box 271,
Orlando, Fla.. 49tf
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or money
refunded. W. H. Mann. Manville, Fla.
10xlS-1 fln
BRONZE TURKEYS, Ptkin Ducks. Black
Langshans. Indian Games. Barred. Buff
andWhite Plymouth Rocks. Eggs in sea-
son. Mrs.. H. MANN, Mannvllle. Fla.
4x16
EGGS P(R HATCHING-lver Laced Wy-
andnttes. Brown .egrhorns. 5 for S .00. 30
for 1.75, 40for .00. W. P. WOODWORTH.
ls.iton City, Fla 4tf
SEA SHELLS-Beautiful Shells from the
Gulf coast. A sample lot of 12, all different,
for 25c. postpaid. W. P. WOODWORTH.
Disston City. Fla. 4tf

FOR SALE-A few trios of Buff Plymouth
Rocks; a so eggs from two vards. not re-
ated. Mrs. F. R HASKINS. Mannville. Fla.
WE HAVE complete list American
Manufacturers. Can buy for you at low-
?st prices and ship you direct from each.
Machinery, machines of all kinds, en-
zines, boilers, incubators, windmills, or
anything wanted. Correspondence solic-
ited.
American Trades Agency.
Jacksonville, Fla. 6tf
OUR VELVET BEAN HULLER is in
OPERATION.
Arrangements are perfected for longg
your work promptly; our capacity be-
ing twenty bushels an hour. Get your
beans in early and we will store them
for you free of charge. Our charge for
hulling is but 15c. a bushel for the beans
after they are hulled, 60 pounds to the
bushel.-E. O. PAINTER & CO., DE-
LAND. FLA. 6tf.
'VANTED-A quantity of Wild Lemon Seed
or young nursery stock. Please write the
price to A. L. Ingerson, Lemon City, Fla.
40-tf
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce: Commission Merchants.
r38 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
47tf.


Always cheaper
In the end than amy seeda
that only cost half as much.
Tested, true to name, fresh and
reliable. Always ths mea Ask
for Ferry's-take no other.
S Write for 1190 Seed Annual.
D. M. FERRYT a o.,




SThe Practical
AND SIMPLE
BARBED WIRE
FENCE BUILDER.
PRICE $2.oo.
V. SCHMELZ,
Sylvan Lake, Fla


a f (in, slia-asu@sw.n0 TWa .
uI PAMI SHCI8 AT 1.1.
A Kw S T N EE11U A Vl P #'%

or mall forge and ar w1d
sbyitb exr O.D. bjeetto a.



w. Yme Ith ezaulee I s7T e
Ion. Y-de-ex-toettatyo
latest Ie style a SLu eas m a
am Iof n linia e i d foundainerfl
nreeOldstad eal 96 da VM S Uw f
It.rter byoaurye a-r Seels
I~IIIS.rAB, wi wriamolr eek. eO.95heoot.l toe
plItM:est messatendlfasllttruenesho wtood
er fo 7 etade gito. U9l6uTs inemb
RA ,WOEBMUKi CO.i(0aey I.), U 1 Ip.n
10 lls,(e1bma51Ia.- ath Says'OMet- )eas



(1e0M. eiesf w Ce.A&e tbeefINOB COybtleft)



EXPERIENCE








Anyone ending a sketch and dGSUriptboR ma
quIckly ascertain our opinion free whether ma
Invention i probably eetabe. Com anca
ions trtetlcon den Hamdbook on Patenta
ent free. Odet for eci e
Patents taken Mann Co. reief
aIc steei awHthotut r rROiatbe

SceUtinc Jlmrkca
A handsomely nltlted weekly. Iseut el-
enlation of any tieaUfe lnarnaL TerePai
;tour mponth~lu, ad by anewwiedlera
arc S oie. r pi. V nV a tn. an


Western Poultry Farm,
MARSHALL, MO.
4 months on trial 10ec. One yr. 2Be.
It tells how to make poultry mrtiing
proftable. It is up to date. 24 pages.
Send to day. We sell beat iquid IM e kill-
er for 76 cta per gallon. Aluminum (g
bands eor poultry. 1 dos., w dsa; U Sor
eta; 0 for m ot:; IN tr. .L


The **' Wey7 FWencee Machinc
Price $1.50 cheapest and heat
made, shipped to any poict for
$1.50. J. A. Mitchell. Room 45
L.ouis Building. Dayton,()
Splendid stock of
Sfruit trees and
plants, both tropi-
cal and hardy; use-
J ful plants, as Cam-
S1phor, Coffee, Sisal,
I etc.; ornamental,
0 for house or lawn,
as Palms, Bam-
boos, Grasses, Con-
ifers. Flower i n g
shrubs, vines creep-
ers -in fact "Ev erything for house,
orchard, or lawn." Dow prices. Ele-
gant catalogue for 1900, free.
REASONER BROS,
Oneco, Florida.











THE FLO.-


ULTURIST.


BOUSBHOLD DEPARTMENT.

\ddren all cummuatieato to Household
Department, Agricultwrit. eLSad, FL.
A ELPVFL aOQgRR.

Suggestions for Spring Cleaning.
Very frequently carpets and rugs
that seem hopelessly faded and soiled.
when taken up at the spring cleaning
season, may be restored to usenllness
by a little Judicious treatment. To
do this the carpet should be taken up
on a bright clear day, well shaken and
brushed, then carefully examined so
as to find the thin, worn places. If a
width here and there Is discolored, it
may be ripped out and turned; in do-
ing this, the worn places may often be
put under the bed, or other furniture
where they will be little subject to
wear. Small holes may be skillfully
darned, and large ones neatly patched.
After the work of mending and repair-
ing is completed, the carpet should be
tacked down on the floor, and well
swept; then gone over with a woolen
cloth dipped in hot water, to which a
little borax is added. Badly soiled
places will require to be rubbed until
the spots disappear. When the car-
pet Is clean the doors and windows
should be left open for a day or two
until it is dry. Rugs may be cleaned
in a similar manner, though with much
less labor, as they need only to be
shaken and swept, and wiped off with
borax water, which will clean without
fading the colors. Eliza R. Parker.


down with a flap of corresponding
width to the pleats and the edges of
this are stitched. Four heavy pearl
buttons fasten through buttonholes,
or two sets of buttonholes are made to
allow for the wearing of the pretty
the vogue with shirtwaists. The
little turquoise or coral studs that are
sleeves only have enough fullness at
the top to make them fit easily, and
very scant fullness is put at the cuff.
The cuff Is machine stitched an,l
turned back about an inch. A high
collar turned over at the top, and
worn with a bow tie, finishes this trig
little bodice. It is the smart thlng in
the white linen waists to have the
collar attached.

A Oreat Deal to Learn.
Housekeepers have. according to
experts, a great deal yet to learn in th.e
way of cleanly housekeeping. They
have admitted that the cloth duster
is to be preferred to the feather stirrer-
up of dust, but too many still get no
further In the application of this
knowledge. A cloth duster must be
kept clean, but housemaids and house-
keepers may be seen at almost any
time wiping over the furniture and
other surfaces with cloths so heavy
with dust that they shed more than
they take up. It is a good plan to put
duster bags, made of some washable
material, on every floor in the house.
In these the dusters should be kept.
and there is nothing better for dust-
ing purposes, as has been often said.
than the cheap sleazy cheesecloth.


New Shirt Wasts. After every use these cloths should
The very high collar on shirt waists be washed out, scalded two o: three
has given place to one designed for times a week, and quickly dried bt,-
comfort rather than show-it may fore they are returned to the dust bags.
even have round corners and be cor- The bags in their turn should be fre-
rect, says the New England Farmer. If quently laundered. Some housekeepers
it takes the form of an uninterrupted will arise at this juncture, probably
upright band, it fails to meet at the to protest against the effort needed to
center. Colored piques, chambray keep housemaids from a most reckless
and mercerized cotton are the leading waste of dust cloths. The average
materials of which the seasonable girl asks perennially for cleaning
shirt waists are made. Mer- cloths, and looks upon them as she
cerised cotton is a novelty which will does waste paper, keeping rthem Iumtil
attract favorable attention. It is they are filthy, then throw 'n. them
simply sea island cotton with a silky away as useless. It is admitted that it
surface. It is soft pleasing -to the takes patient persistence and uuch re-
touch, and lends itself admirably to iteration of precept and example to
the purpose of blouses and negligee counteract this tendency. The sub-
shirt waists. This new material will ject seems trivial, but is really a most
be a formidable rival of wash silks, as important one, uncared for dust cloths
its lasting qualities are superior and it being a prolific source of danger in til
is less expensive. Some very stylish household.-Ex.
shirts of merce'dsed cotton, cut in the
latest fashion with pointed cuffs and Good Raeaps.


attached collars are effectively
trimmed in narrow white beading, and
look quite as pretty as do those of the
finest wash salls. White shirts in
fancy woven cotton stuffs are among
the most salable of the season's pro-
ducts, both because they are inex-
pensive and women have come to ap-
preciate their washable qualities. The


The following recipes, taken from
New England Farmer, will perhaps he
of some use to our readers:
Aurora Sauce.-Melt three level
tablespoonfuls of butter, add three
level tablespoonfuls of flour all at once
and when well cooked together -idd
one and one-half cups of hot, thin
cream and one-half tablespoonful of


material in use is sufficiently decora- meat extract, or enough to color. Sea-
tive in itself; therefore they are made son with salt, pepper and cayenne.
quite plain, which conduces to easy Add lobster coral to give a good color
laundering, a feature not to be despis- and one-half cup of lobster meat.
ed. The coral is taken from a hen
One of the very newest things in lobster. If it is to be kept a few hours
shirt waists of the practical variety, put it into vinegar and water, then
the sort that the tailor made girl will rinse in cold water and rub it through
wear in the morning, are made of a strainer.
coarse white linen the sort that one Broiled Steak.-A porterhouse steak
calls for in the shops as butcher's pleases a man's taste better than a
linen. These waists are cut with seam- tenderloin. Take steak from the
less and gatherless backs, with a wrapping paper at once when it comes
short pointed yoke stitched on. The from the market. Trim off superin-
yoke extends over the shoulder to the ous fat that would smoke thle meal
front, and the fronts are joined to it, while broiling. Have it cut thick and
each having three scant box-pleats such a steak will weigh about three
that are stitched down at each edge pounds. Wipe it with a bi of (loth
about three inches. The front fastens wrung from cold wa:er. Grease a


IMPROVEMENT.
Among the many different branches
of business in the State we would call
to notice that of Geo. R. Nichols & Co.,
of Tampa, Fla., who have by steady in-
dustry, and integrity, worked the gran-
ite and marble business to something
near what the public wants.
They are both experienced work-
men and understand al the different
kinds of material that should be work-
ed into cemetery adornments, they are
selling their work all over the State,
and each year increases to more and
a better class of work. They do not
keep any traveling agents but do much
of their increasing trade through the
mails, making it at less cost to the
buyer and better for themselves, as
everything done is through the heads
of the firm. Great promises made to
customers that the house knows noth-
ing the consequent dissatisfaction is
thus averted. They promise nothing
only what they intend to fulfill. We
bespeak for them a liberal patronage.
Any communication addressed to
them at Tampa will receive prompt at-
tention.


Resolve to do the best work this year
on your farm that you have ever done.
then you will be sure to reap the b:g-
gest harvest you have ever raised and
to put the largest amount of money :n
, u kr t1,, t t.his fall Determination


A QUICK CURB
FOR COUGHS
and COLDS



Pyny-Pectoral
The Canadian Remedy for all

Thma ul Lung Affhdims.
Large Bottles, 25 cents
DAVIS a LAWRENCE CO., Limited,
Prop's Perry Davis' Pain-Killer.
New York. n onteaL -
In. fit it. -4 iS :


TRUSSES, ffo, 1.25 AND UP







r4 iS l Z=.ur f=as iltratod ,bour lta Ct
ad out and mendtoO=WitalK IXgUAL amFai,
taeyour' it, W , hvow lon T hae
ruptured. w rinpe. I large ormall; a o the
nusmer tinh w around the body on a lne lwth the
rptu y whethr ruture on riht or leftadd
nd we will end either bues to yon with the onde-
htfndI.iIfl t l.* ..Is Ma t mm eq. r1e I. S at
etmiattwee them er prieekyou can retn it and We
will return your moneyT. E
WRITE FOR FREE TRUSS CATALOGUE ,,,,e im
eats i.tncludingthe Sew s.o La ~~ 12.75
Is EAR, ROEBUCK 0. CMHICA




ma-.n


3our pIockets e ni. ran. uen u S I E 1...-** U l| gj 1
is a great thing.


Hon. W. N. Sheats, State Superin-
tendent, has published a new digest
of the school laws of Florida, with reg- O AT M TOP 'N
ulations, instructions and forms pre- e. .mh .l Wl r.. al.niW id
scribed by the State Board of Educa- -- -- i -t l
tion. The book contains about 10, -
pages, and is being mailed to school of- U S -a
tleers, educators, etc., throughout the ,,,,3.3,S R.e~.S
"" a urimei dbd Somildco s.adrwheaser
State. LI ad dAA asp emiew.L


wire broiler and put the steak in with 0 TA S H gives r,
the fat edge towards bhe hau.lle.
Cook over a clear fire, turning often. flavow and firmess to
The cooking school rule of counting 10
slowly between the turnings is a good all fruits. No good fruit
rule. When the meat is well seared
turn less frequently. A thick steak r wit u
will require eight minutes. Pour a
sauce over the steak before it is
served. Potash.
A Meat Sauce.-Take one-third of a Fertilizers containing atleast
cup of butter and wash it until waxy,
and divide it into thirds. Cook one-
half teaspoonful of finely chopped 8 to lo% of Potash will give
shallot in a tablespoonful of tarragon best result onl fuits. Wri
vinegar. Add one-third of the butter, best results on fruits. W
two egg yolks, one teaspoonful of meat
extract, one teasnoonful of lemon for our pamphlets, which ought
juice and one-half tablespoonful of
freshly grated horse-radish. Do not to be in every farmer's library.
use the bottled horse-radish. Cook
this sauce over hot water, stirring They are sent free.
constantly. As the butter melts, add
the second and then the third piece. GERMAN KALI WORKS.
Serve with the steak at a club din- 99 N"m St., Nw Yk.
ner either potato balls or Delmonico
potatoes.
Braised Celery.-Cut stalks of B reka tHarne Oil I the bt
celery down lengthwise in two or three pyas rvtioe of ntorw leao
and the beet renovator of old
sections leaving enough of the root on leather. Itoils, sote, blaek-
to hold them together if it is not dis- Eandpro a
colored by nails. Clean thoroughly,
and to do this a little brush is often
convenient. Soak in ice water, then H l
cook in boiling water until nearly ten-
der; use a fish kettle if you have one a01n st aismws r d be
and yor uMrrletop, and
in order to keep the stalks unbroken, w not only look better Ibt wr
longer. Sold eaverywhberein aous--A
Cool, put into a granite pan, pour over sme fom he p nts to five sanoo.
a brown sauce and lay thin slices of a etiWmaSmmen&u.
slowly half an hour; pour off superfid-
fat salt pork over the top. Bake
ous fat and serve.










THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 155


woUITBT DRPATI BN2T. common sense. In case the chickens ******4*****++* **+ **4***4**4*++ +*+***4
are not thriving well prepare I*oii.l ,I
Address a co to Poultry De- eggs and bread crumbs, it can be giv- S
artmmt. Box mo. DeLa Pa. en for a few days wfth benefit. I +Se d
know some breeders advocate millet .
Our Gickans. and hemp seed; I w',ild advise the t. 4
In rearing chickens, one great essen- use being very sparingly dealt in. Bone : I'lease note that I have transferred my seed business froi
4-
tial is liberty. With freedom life ex- meal is excellent and would recom- f to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special induceme
pandas. No restraint being placed on mend its daily use from the beginning. a
the natural tendency to exercise for Feed little food at a time, and let that 4 chasers of SEED OATS, SEED POTATOES, VELVET1
food they grow. Without it the ten- be frequent when they are small. I have 800 pounds . . . . . . .
dency Is to retard growth. We find With watchfulness in the direction
as the natural consequence a stunted spoken of you should meet within suc- +
bird. A speelmen of little market cegs in rearing h-ealthy, strong and vig- 0o Pe. 4qr4lob e Seg .
value, and far below the fancier's orous birds, suitable for table or show
views of a good specimen to be of room.-J. D. Wilson in Farm and +
value to them. With such an expanse Poultry Life. for delivery by January 1st. Address all orders and ei
of difference It becomes absolutely ne-
cessary to rear large, strong, healthy Floks and Yard. -- P.F. WIL
c0lekens, and they must continue to The maximum number of fowls al- JAKS
grow without any stoppage from shell lowed for a flock is 50, but unless the -AKBO
to maturity to become a bird of beau- house is very large a flock of twen-
ty or utility. Restraint is injurious to ty-five hens will lay more eggs than +++++. # t 1 .
them; I do not mean by this that fifty, as they will be better cared for -
chickens must be allowed to range any- and have better accommodations, says M A L LO RY STEA M SH IP -
where. You have noticed they do not Farm and Fireside.-Double runs
go far from mother or brooder. It does avoid filth to a certain extent, and al- Tom Omes aasc P mi
Bt matter much so long as they go go permit of growing green food in Florida ,o101%
as far as they wish in search of the one yard whfle the hens occupy the New York Jiinm
natural food of insects, worms, etc. other. When large numbers of fowls pot) Th
The Important action of the body is are desired, they will thrive better if Phila- iF.
thus obtained to produce growth and kept in flocks of twenty-five, and will delphia & eber,
vigor by the race, catching the one give good results if well cared for; Boston Pla nt
and seeking after the other, I serious- but every one expects to give his fowls1 aserf
ly object to resricted wire runs even good care, hence the term "well cared Nerom w York.t re
if fresh ground is given every day. for" means something that will have
There is always a something they can to be learned. If each hen in the flock OPOB1ED SAILINGS for Peb. 1~0.
not reach beyond the enclosure import- gives a profit of one dollar a year, it NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK, GA., DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LE
ant to their health' and growth. Of will be more than the average. Do FRIDAY AS FOLLOWS:
course, I admit it Is at times unavold- not forget that in a flock of several S. S. COLORDO .............................. Friday,
able for protection from rats, hawks, hundred there will be sick hens, fat S. S. RIO GRANDE .......................... ...Friday
etc., and only in such events should hens, poor hens, old hens, pullets, and S. S. COLORAE,*................. ....... .........Fr
they be used, and then for a short time hens that will eat twice as must as RIO RANDEW YORK T....RUNSWIC .STEAMERS
ly tie btern. ue i t uor SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO BRUNSWICK. STEAMERS LE
only. the otheers. Thee 15 laso ?V labor & -Lr, E YFB FRIpAY, .*O P.? M
In placing rearing coops, make it a and food. The ground required for For general information, steamcre, train rate, et ApPll to
BASIL GILL. 220 W. Bay Street,
point to face them south, and so you twenty-five hens should not be less H. H. Raymond. General Southern Agent, Brunswick. Ga..
can obtain protection from the east than fifty by one hundred feet, with a C. H. Mallry t Co., -eral AgenR Pier 2F. R. and SM Broadway. .
winds; a brush or tree not only gives house ten by twenty-five feet. The
a thankful shelter, but a place to ob- number will be about equal to one hun- : lave You Either an
tain their natural food of nsect life. dded hens on one acre, and if they give
To have the run of raspberry and a profit of only fifty cents a hen in Orange Grove or O
blackberry rows is always a choice a year, or fifty dollars from fifty hens
feeding and exercising ground for on one acre, it will be more profit than *~eve yo' anything to do w'th either Pruits or Veetable
feein olieu keep nlu touch with your work by rarheuibig for t
growing chickens. It Is also a place of can be made on an acre from some
safety from hawks. I have practiced field crops. If one can clear a profit .-" ican Fruit anf t V deta le
this method ror years, and have not or nrty cents a hen (whilh mean a f
found it necessary to have the vines ter paying all expenses), and no labor Publlshed at. l:I Mb e Tempe,. ihh.u~ ll,
cultivated, nor fertilized, and have had is hired, there is not only the profit, d epart months of the Fruit and Vegetable business discussed by pract
immense growth of vines with an but the pay for the time employed. p ties.
--ad "~ T-"^ --! t We will,-end this ex,'e lent raper abolutel fr
abundance of perfect fruit, and fine, i e wll cruisers tisent rpernd to ll odi
healthy specimens of chicks. Thous- Lime to Prevent Gapes. their subscri ion oie year iei .dvance. Both pal
of one. SeTd your sub.riptio to this ol.e ,
ands of chicks are raised in runs and The best preventive of gapes is to o... Both paptra B00.
very small inclosures, the number plow or spade the ground intended for FLORIDA AGRICULT1
must, however, be lImited. To produce young chicks as soon as the froat iM
healthy, hardy, large Birds, liberty is gone, and then scatter air-slacked
the most important point to be consid- lime liberally over the surface. Gapes WANTED ONE THAT WOULD. [Umasm m
ered. generally come from the soil, and as Irate Female-See here; do you mean
The food, and when to give it, is lime destroys any eggs or other sources to tell me that I have such an ugly
quite an important factor, too. Dr. feed of gape-worms, the chicks will escape, nose as that? t
is the best all round. Mill to crack Salt may also be added in small quan- Potographer-But my apparatus
fine all the food for small chicks up to titles. Lime is cheap, and it is better .annotle madam
an age when they can master coarse to use it on the ground than to work cant lie, maTdam
cracked corn and a whole grain of trying to save the chicks and lose a Irate Female-Then, or goodnessLY TOO
sake, go and get one that can.--Ohio .
wheat ar Ba kV 12heSt i almost a neces- Lar.g number. The ground should be sakte g d get one tat can-
sity. One feed per day of soft food, limed as early as possible. Lime i te i iror miS.p'
often times important, when composed also a preventive of roup. To get -- S S.......
of several different grains and mixed rid of filth is to avoid disease in the As the Florida Representative of h i.SUL ar ths.5,*
with milk or hot water to a crumbly flocks, for when disease appears the the large International Publishing ut"w.ai ,wito=
state; still better, if cooked. Avoid germs are retained in the ground. For Company of Phlladelph'a and Chicago. Oifc
all rich tood, and over feeding; give that reason every location occupied by I am prepared to offer extra induce-
nourishing food In quantity that will poultry should be occasionally spaded ment- to LADIES ani GENTLEMEN NI-AWi uEWI
W. s8rthaIronet
simply supply the demand of the body. or plowed. When performing such to work for them both by offering h ron
All the condition powders and drugs work, first scatter- air-slacked lime large commissions and PRELMIUMS.
will not add one bit of strength or over the surface, and turn under the also both to rle agent and purchaser
place the chicks in a faster growing top soil, following by another applica- of books. Isaac Morgan, by painting my house
condition. On the contrarv, t !e- tion of lime on the surface. The State Agent. "'Well, that would
ally destroys the very object that you lime causes a chemical action in the Kissinimne. Fin. things up. Why didn't
have In view; sick birds you can aid soil which quickly destroys the filth "I was going to nt
with them, a healthy bird, never. y changing its composition.-Farm, HIS WORK UNSATISFACTORY. his picture&"-Philade
Over feeding is the cause of number- Field and Fireside.
less complaints and deaths. Many a "Did you ever get the money D'Au-
breeder would find failure turned to Sharples Cream Separators-Profit- ber owed you?" Printing of every dei
iucce If they Woul just use some able Dairyia g "No. He wanted to square accounts office.


m Gainesville
euts to pur-
BEANS, etc.






nquiries to

SON,
VIL. FL~A




LINE.


User ry~ert
H.e clote comBe
th Steamer leai
itliSe (Union di
ursdays :a a. m
P. By.)or Fernu
0 p. m.. via U
Steamer; mhei
e, or "all rail" vi
ytoem It 7:45p m
Onswlck Ul: p.
era on arrival ig
ctly aboari tMeal


HAVING UVERY


'a

i-.
I-
Is
La
I .
I-
5-


February 16.
y, February 28.
Iday, March 2.
fday, March 9.
LEAVE PIER -

, Jacksonville, la.
Y




arden ?

he

Journal,


icl, esperweBced
ee for one year to
abecribens pyilne
per for tb.erl c
,hlle thll ofer is

URIST.


inside and out."
have evened
you let him?"
il I saw one of
lphia Press.

wcription at this











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


A TALE OF SOUTH AF-

RICA.
The camp was thick with men-but they had
been marching and fighting in heat and dust
for fifteen hours on stretch, without food or
water, against an invisible foe, and there were
none of those sounds of light-heartedness with
nvhich Tommy the irrepressible usually signi-
fies that he is About. The soldier was there to
ht- and he hungered to get within the reach
os. a bayonet thrust-but always the foe had
ben behind rocks and trenches cunningly
Sncealed, and every time the advance was in
awfront attack over oln und. .The splqi-
di cheerfulness of thP)lI ws-giWing way
t black rage out of sorrow for- essmates
stricken down without a chance of getting in
a^low.c 8S. .'. *
'wo groups of men were apart in the
space by the -"headquarters" tent-one of offi-
cdrs of the Staff, who with serious faces were
discussing the situation-the other of Colonial
leaders of irregular horse, who sat on their
ctmp stools in sullen silence.
P recently a soldierly-looking, handsome
man left the first group and approached the
other.
'!Gentlemen," he said, "I would like to have
your views."
"We gave you our views two days ago,"
said the weather-beaten commander, bluntly,
"and you showed how little you valued them
by taking your own line, which is little short
of madness."
"You are not polite, Commandant Bowker,"
said the other, a little haughtily.
"And you are not polite to us in rejecting
our counsel," replied the commandant, grim-
ly.
"Lbook here," said the soldier, with a frank
gesture, "this is no time to stand on our dig-
nity. I ask your advice again, and if you per-
suade me it.is good, I will take it."
'In our opinion, sir, this needs no argu-
ment. We have told you that you are simply
playing the Boer game, by attacking en-
trenched positions selected beforehand across
your line of advance, and we have told you
that you must organize a campaign of re-
prisals. While you are nailed down to a line
of advance along the railway, the enemy will
hold the advantage from .Ladysmith to Pre-
toria, from i'Mokeno" to Bloemfonremn, from
Modder river to aIekilg, ovi' six hundred
m ,j~.euf rngunry. You beat him at one place
afidi-l'falls back to another, and always you
must attack at a disadvantage, and all the way
his crops and his fleks, his villages and his
tt n- .ee-,fl att ck as in time of
p e tr-arryl --ary fire and
sword into his own country-lay waste his
lands as he lays. waste'. : urs,; and let him
feel at his hearthstone, in his cattle kraal, at
his|JaM' .tft eve. the heavy hand of

"Aye," put in a tall, lean, wiry man, "don't
let him sleep. Worry him night and day."
"I amsnafd ;,.ddB#pt fight like guerillas."
"You don't-and more's the pity," said
Bowkest flerkdte. *BBut the Boers do, and they
get roAd 0'yop,~'ild :awy from you at their
will, and, iilai.-you -march painfully along a
narrow ribbon of barren veldt marked out by
the raili*-t0YJi A4d hapifuleA ft men here,
there and everywhere, cutting your communi-
cations with ease-unil the mreasiaaon is get.
ting. abroad that a single mounted Boer can
do more harm thahi a. bptdio f iififntnry."
"You do not lighliy4.y task for ie," said
The soldier, with .'*ig, .lleV d I was
boutt tW add that theo~gl tr." are difficulties
*f transport which preye LiIi jsovi'ng away
from a railway, at ansi rta&t.iij I have
to objection to yewr ariftg thee enemy's
Country."
"Then, sir, we wouldd respectfully ask you
not to let a soul know that yu have given us
orders."
"Very well, Reddington plfid I rely upon
you.". ,


to where the yellow half-castes were at-work.
Among the natives the "half-breed" has'a
reputation for being incurably treacherous,
and there was every reason to suppose that
these Cape "half-castes" were carrying news
from the camp to the Boers. As a class they
are clever, pugnacious and very skilful ,n
dealing with animals-but they are also vain
and vengeful. The commandant asked if any
of them knew a man wh would act as a
guide through the mountains.
They first said no--then one man suggested
Willem.
"All right, send Willem to my tent at sun.
down," and he went on to the lines where his
own troopers were camped. The troop was a
fine blend of Colonial born and young Eng-
lishmen direct from home, many of whom had
been public school boys, and who toned do.vn
the boastfulness of the colonist and the arro-
gance of the average new chum.
The pride of Bowker's Horse was Forster, an
old Rugby Blue, and the general butt was a
queer, solemn little colonist, Bob Willett.
Some of the rougher hands were inclined to
make life unpleasant for Willett, and it was
their persecution that led Forster to patronize
the little chap-but the latter was seemingly
as indifferent to patronage as to horse-play.
He was accordingly left severely to his own
company, and spent most of his spare time in
lounging about with his hands in his pockets,
and with a look on his face of utter blankness.
"Send Willett to me," said the commandant.
"Yes, sir-pass the word along for Bob-
bill."
"Hi, Billy-what oh-Bobbins," and when
the little trooper at last responded, and was
sent on to the chief, it was pretty freely sug-
gested to him that he was to be appointed as
commandant-in-chief of a lame mule. Yet if
they had known-their comrade was held in
higher esteem than any one of them- for l'e
had spent most of his life among Kaffirs, as
the son of a native inspector, and had learnt
all the bush lore of the fighting, cattledifting
Amakosa. Much association with the wise
head men of the tribe had given him the pow-
er of self restraint, and of hiding acute facul-
ties behind a mask.
"Trooper Willett, be on guard at my tent
in ten minutes' time and change your boots
to veldt-schoens."
When Bowker reached his tent, he paused
for a few words before entering.
"I expect a man here soon. I believe him
to be a spy. When he leaves, track him."
"If it is Willem, I know the line he will
take. He goes round Gun Fire Hill, then up
the Pass to the Nck."
"By George, Willett, if I thought that line
was safe I would make a shot for the wa-
gons which are up there, you know."
"Yes-they move toward Vecht (fighting)
Grobler's laager. You can attack. I will take
two men, and if the spy moves up the pass I
will send one back, and you can then start."
"Resume guard," said the commandant,
quietly, and the trooper stepped back into
the shadow as a man advanced across the
open space. He was as full of cunning end
suspicion as a hyena, and stood in the en-
trance fingering his greasy hat, while he
glanced askance at the guard.
"Sentry, you may go," and Willttt moved
away with a clatter, only however to dodge
back.
"Your name is Willem," said Bowker, look.
ing long into the shifty eyes and mean yellow
face. "Well, I have heard that you are a good
man for my purpose, and I want you to lead
me tomorrow night to Groebler's Laager."
"My Gott."
"I don't ask you to risk your valuable life
-only to led me up the Pass-and five
pounds is yours."
"It is worth more or double," said Willemn,
with a grin.
"Not a ticky threepencee) more, Willem."
"Tomorrow, Baas-at what hour?"
"One hour after rundown, and I will qtaeak
one hour before sun-up. Now see that you


"We thank you, sir," and' the command- keep your mouth shut."
ants saluted gravely-then talked quietly "Ja sieur. A little 'supje' (taste) of brandy,
among themselves. Presently Reddington cast my baas, and a stick tabak, my master."
a look at some colored grooms who were ap- "There now, go and sleep."
parrntly very busy rubbing down tihe sffiers' Williem smacked tis lipo, and chuckled as
Chargers. he went. First, however, he took a look at
"I wonder," he growled, "which one of the troop horses, to see that there was no
those half-caste devils will be the first to slip earlier move contemplated, and found them
away to the Boers with a hint that something quietly eating their night's rations. Next he
is brewing. They saw the general talking to crept into his little buffalo tent and slipped
'us, and they are quick enough to judge from out a minute later from the other end stripped
his manner alone that hs was not akinz us to to his shirt, He flitted from tent ta tit,
dinner." doubled on his track to see if he were followed
"I'll look after them," said the old com- and gradually reached a point away from G,:o
mandant, with a nod. "Now, Gardner, it is Fire Hill, where he dodged into a donga and
understood that you deal with that meeting of sped swiftly in the direction of the Hill. ,hen
rebels at Reedfontein. Reddington, yon will another figure came out of the dong,. and ran
lie in wait for Priniloo's Commando. and I bash to the quarters.
will make a shot at that train of wagons we "I want two men," he said, bursting into
saw yesterday." the mess tent. "You, Forster, and another."
They separated, and Bowker sauntercd over A shout of laughter grcted the words, but no


1e _-


_ ____I_ L _I* ~1__


~__ ~~ ~_____~~~ ___


ofe moved. "Here," said Willctf, sharply,
'look alive-this is no time for fooling" A
"Shut, up, you little atomy," and the speak- 11i 1 n iClen OU
er threw a tin can.
The little man's eyes flashed. Overoaen by m"aldy whish I ppe
"Bly the lord," he said, with concentrated i MStawlsa ai-- d Ito sltpWek.
scorn. "I thought all along you mr-n were fit
for nothing but to eat and talk." Cut down by disease in the lower of ida
Forster made a sudden swoop, caught Wil- youth. This is the misfortune that befell
lett "low" as in a football charge, an.l lad Mr. Joseph Renowden, 277 Fulton St., Butf
him on his back, where he was held till :ear' falo,N.Y. Things looked dark and gloomy
of rage came into his eyes. to him, hope was almost gone, his mesa of
"What's the meaning of this?" thundered livelihood out off and all we black despair,
Commandant Bowker from the door. "Let But the means of restoration to health wa-
him up, and listen to this. you louts: Bob nally ptinhiway.Inhisownwordhe
Willett's got more sense in his little finger fnli. isownord
than the whole swaggering pack of you carry tells most graphically how he was rescued
in your heads. Now, then." from this almost hopeless condition and
Willett got up and said a word to the chief, made again into the strong and healthy man
then he pointed to Forster and another, say- that he is to-day. "Two years ago," he ayt,
ing: while employed at the freight warehouse
"I want those two." on the Erie R. R., my health began to fail.
"Do you hear?" said the commandant, I noticed it first by a feeling of weakness,
sternly; "follow Trooper Willett and take your this was followed by extreme nervousness,
orders from him." then I commenced to lose flesh. I became
"I'll pay you out for this, you little beg- so pale that I looked as though I had not a
gar," muttered Forster, as they went into the drop of blood. Finally I grew so weak that
night. I was unequal to the heavy work imposed
"All serene," said the little beggar, indif- upon me by my occupation, and I was forced
ferently, "but before we go you had better to layidle.
change your boots into something soft. You've "All the while I
got a tread like an elephant." l-' had been taking dit.
"Very well, kid, but if I were in your shoes 1 0-, ferent Kinds of media.
-," cine trying to build
I would not pile up the score in that fash- t l \ mseirf up but they
ion." -' filed, and when
"That's it. Now keep behind me, and don't had to quit work and
lose touch." was unable to earn
"Infernal cheek," growled the second man, ny money, thing
who was a bit of a scout himself. Willett looked pretty blue
and hope grew dim.
went off at a trot, got through the sentries But there were better
and lead the way round Gun Fire Hill, where lthingsin storeforme.
he pulled up and went on by himself for a A friend one day
few minutes. On his return they entered on told me to s' rll
0 Williams' Pink Pills
a spell of weary waiting in a silence so pro- Worn Out for Pale People. I had
found that it seemed scarcely possible a strong beard of them before but I was so hopeless
force of fighting men were within gun shot. that I even doubted their power to cure me.
The two men fidgetted and swore under their However on the recommendation of my
breath, but Willett sat with his head forward fenid I determined to make one more ia
There was no disarpointment awaiting wo;
-moving only to warn his comrades when this time, forsoon after I started to tk
now one and then the other showed signs of them I could see an improvement. I eoit-
restiveness. At last he caught the faint tinned with them and gradually gow ..
glimmer of a light half way up the vast bulk strength. the healthy glow was resod
of the hill before them, and then all heard the my cheek, nervousness all left me and
day I am strong and well as eveva'faid mliv r
grunt of a man below, and next his footsteps day I am strong awelont of sickellm-,
aeesyadIcolon- lose a day's work on account of oaknisI
as he carelessly advanced. Telling the colon- .1I consider my cure most remarkable,
ist to go back with the message that the spy and am indeed grateful for it. Iffhad e l
had gone up the Pass, and that. Forster would used this wonderful medicine at irst I-
meet the troop at the mouth of the gorge. he would have saved much suffering and much
struck into a narrow footpath. After an hour's "epe j
walk they heard voices ahead, and Willett Subscribed and sworn to before me this
stopped. N0th day of June, 1889.
"Look here," he whispered, "when that A. T. COATSWOWH,
man we have followed returns, as he will soon, NoarV .4k
you must stop him at all costs. That done, l the eemet neesary to given
keep on for about half a mile to a dead tree shattered rhnevs t~ o th tlaied, Un a ste-
beside the track. There stop, wait for the denied form, in Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
commandant and tell him to halt there until for Pale People. At druggists or direct
I return." from Dr. Williams Medicine Co., Uchenee.
"I hear." growled Forster a little sullenly, tady, N. Y., 50 events per box, or ix boxes
as Willett suddenly disappeared.
Two hour later the commandant with three
hundred horse drew up by the dead tree, and
the men dismounted to loosen girths. left on the ridge, screened behind rocks, with
"- hat'c that hanging froem the It 5e" their front towards Grobler's laager, placed far
"It's the spy, sir," said Foster. "Willett
told me to stop him, and I did. He tried to to the left, and the other moved forward to
knife me, and we had a fight for it." form up into two companies. After this was
The horses snatched at the grass and the done Willett advanced alone on the most risky
men stood in silence, looking up at the dim work of all, that of cutting through the t-ugh
sky line of the Nek. Far below they could
see the lights of the camp, and down the ra- rheims which secured the chains to the "dis-
vine from the Nek a cool wind blew, bringing selbooms" or wagon poles. It was a terribly
with it faint sounds. Up above there were dangerous task, and the commandant only
possibly strong pickets of sharp shooters gave his consent because it was clear that the
watching the flickering camp fires afar, and oxen at the first alarm would tug at their fas.
waiting for the first sound to put them on the tenings and choke, or drag off some of the
alert. The ring of a hoof against a rock would wagons, whereas he wished to take back the
be enough. Then out of the darkness there oxen as loot.. So Willett went off with a
came a low whistle, and the men pressed to- sharp knife as his only weapon, agreeing to
gcther anxiously as Willett advanced. They give a signal when he had finished. The men
did not receive him with chaff this time, but waited in a fever of suspense, lying down, but
opened a way for him and then closed up si- an hour moved heavily by, and the dawn was
lently. showing grey, yet there was no sign. The
"It's all right, sir," said the scout. "The gray turned to a faint flush of pink-and dis-
wagons are outspanned in a hollow. They tant hills stood out suddenly abs't tht mist
have not even formed them into a square, and like grim sentinels over the sleepy land.
the oxen are tied to the 'trek-tows' (pulling "Kerels," rang out a startled voice-"the
chain.) There is a picket at the head of the rooineks-haard loop (run fast.)"
ravine, but if you dismount your men here Without waiting for the order the men
and lead them straight up to the right, you sprang to their feet. A volley roared out, and
could rush the wagons-cut loose the 'trek- then with shouts they ran-one company
tows,' drive the oxen into the valley and fire spreading to the left to he.d iff the oxen. the
the wagons." &16her en-elopine the wagons. The startled
"That's it, Willett," said the commandant, Boers. rising from under the wagons, at-
dryly. "You are a leader as well as a scout; tempted to rally, but a second volley sent
but what you say seems good." He issued a those who were untouched headlong down the
sharp, low order to the horse guard, then split hill. The oxen still attached to their chains
his force into three foot companies, who tailed were driven up ?1 and over the ridge towards
out into long lines as they advanced in lisvan the horse guard just as a gun boomed from
file with weapons on the trail. After an hour's the laager, and a shell flew overhead.
climb they reached the top, where they rested "Fire the wagons," shouted Bowkcr, and
to regain their wind. Then fifty men were the still glowing embers from the smouldering












THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 157


Arts' 'were thrown inside them, after the
wounded men had ben drawn aside.
"eOie is alight, sir."
"Good-fre the centre and outside one."
The commandant looked anxiously towards the
'laager, out of which were issuing numbers of
mouentd men, like a swarm of angry beea.
"Retire.,
"All right, sir. I'll just fix this one," and
as a shell smashed through a wagon tent, the
trooper used his match to light his pipe. As
he was moving off he saw a figure lying near
one of the wagons, and while his comrades
yelled to him to be quick, he ran through the
flaimes.
"My God," he said, "it's little Bobbel," and
he lifted the scout in his arms and staggered
towards the ridge.
The Boers, ret by well-aimed volleys from
concealed men, flinched, then took cover and
opened a hot fire on the tall trooper who
loomed vast in the uncertain light.
The bullets hissed along in a stream of lead,
and some of the men turned to run out to the
help of their doomed favorite.
"Back," said the commandant, sternly. "Re-
tire in sections and work along under the
crest. Trooper Weub, run down to the horse
guard and tell them to move the horses into
that ravine."
"Drop me, Forster," said Willett. "I'm no
good, and you're so big and strong."
"Not me," gasped the young Englishman,
with a smile. "You're so light-and it's only,"
he stumbled, swayed, then straightened up.
'"Nearly down, eh. Just twenty paces."
"You're hit," cried Willett. "I can see. If
you would only drop me and dodge you would
be safe."
"Fifteen," said Forster. fixing his eyes on
the ridge. "I'll get a 'try'-ten-five-over,"
and he fell face forward with his big hands on
Bobby, who winced and fainted. Willing
hands lifted them-three men staggering off
under the weight of the young giant, whose
head hung limp, the grim old chief himself
shouldering Willett. They got into the shel-
ter of the ravine, gained the horses and made
out of the Pass, driving the oxen before them,
while up above the discomfitted Boers looked
gloomily at the blazing wagons.
When the general heard the story, he went
to the hospital tst, where Willct was under
treatment for a broken arm, and Forster for
no less than three clean shot wounds, one of
which was right through his thigh.
Bobby's solemn, pale face looked up at the
general, as that gallant gentleman thanked
hKm, but there was a smile of satisfaction when
the tall figure bent over Forster.
"Sir," he said, "the army is proud of you,
and I will recommend you for a V. C."
Forster saluted, then reached out his long
arm and touched Willett gently on the cheek.
"This is the stuff that heroes are made of,
sir," he said, huskily.-Waverly Magazine.
DO YOU NEED AN ELECTRIC
BELT?
For the past ten years, Dr. J. New-
ton Hathaway, who is recognized as
the greatest of all our specialists, has
been perfecting an electric belt, suit-
able to use in his practice, one which
he could furnish as a part of his sys-
tem of treatment, and which he could
conelientiosly gr aa'ate 10 now
announces that he has perfected such
a belt, which he believes to be the only
perfect belt made. It is light, hand-
some, and of great power, and with
new attachments which make it suit-
able for every case. He is prepared to
furnish this belt to all patients who
need it and who apply to him for treat-
ment, at merely a nominal charge.
Write to Dr. Hathaway to-day, telling
all about your case and he will write
you all about the belt, and if you de-
mre the belt will send it C. .0 D. for
inspection. Address Dr. Hathaway &
Co., 25 Bryan St., Savannah, Ga.
There's a story of a farmer and his
son driving a load to market. Of the
team they were driving, one was a
steady, reliable old gray mare, the oth-
er a fractious, balky black horse. On
the way the wlgf.n wan called j!n<
the black horse suited and rerused to
pulL "Whatll we do father?" s1ild
the younger man. "Well," said the
father, "I guess we'll have to lay the
gad on the old gray." That homely
complement to woman; "The old gray


:M


the magnitude of the work of growing
tobacco for home consumption, and the
great flild yet open for those who u-i 11
to engage in planting the crop. I!n
addition to its value for cigars, and
chewing purposes, the plant has medi-
cal virtues, not pomegnsed by any othei
weed in the lan-1. It is an excellent
insecticide, a sp'en-1 I fertilizer, and
a plant worthy cf c-'isideration of ag-
riculturists in every section where it
can be grown.
Tobacco is a peculiar plant, in retain-
ing the shape of a hornet's nest. It
grows up from two to four feet in
height, when it is topped, and spreads
out, still maintaining its symmetrical
proportions. It is grown from seed
sown in out door beds about February,
or even as late as April, If seed is
soaked before sowing. One tablespoon-
ful of seed will sow one hundred
square yards of bed. It is well to
burn a brush heap on the seed bed, to
kill out other seeds, and then dig in
the ashes, rake smoothly and sow on
the surface. After raking in evenly,
cover the bed with fine brush or plant
cloth. When the leaves are as large
as silver dollars, the plants are ready
for resetting. In most sections to-
bacco should be in the field by the last
of May to give it time to mature., It
should be set in rows about three feet
apart either way, using a dibble while
the land is wet, to make the holes for
transplanting, and there are several
good varieties, among them being Bur-
ley, Seed Leaf and Kentucky Yellow.
The soil for tobacco varies with the
demands of the grower. Fop a higher
quality leaf, the land should be new
and contain a great deal of leaf nold.
The heavy red leaf is grown on red
clay soil, after clover or other ferti-
lizing crops. TThe quality of the leaf
depends largely upon the nature of the
plant food supplied. Materials con-
taining chloride should be avoided.
M!sO6i1 srat4 dsRlphate af natasbh i the
best form of potash. Acid phosphate
is good for phosphoric acid, and sul-
phate of ammonia or nitrate of soda
for nitrogen. A suitable mixture per
acre would be about 350 to 400 pounul.
of acid phosphate, 200 to 250 pounds


st Uis'. lEach plUlant contains Irom Lour
to six grades or sorts of tobacco.
These are stripped separately and
ttie 1t nt hands Or Dunales varying rrom
a half dozen or two dozen leaves. Thsi
of course is done in damp weather,
when the leaves can be handled with-
out breaking. If it is not desirable to
market at stripping time, the hands or
bundles may be put on sticks, eight to


nine to a stick, and hung up again.
Bulking is done after all the stripping
has been completed, and each sort or
grade is put together. The crop is us-
ually sold to merchants who put it in
hogsheads ready for the manufac-
turers' market.
Joel Shoemaker.


Ocean Steamship Co.,






a 1r


"SAVANNAH LINE."


Part Rail, Part Sea.

FilSb Freight and Luxurious 'asmseger Route

--FROM

FLORIDA TO NEW YORK,

BOSTON & THE EAST.



Short Rail Ride to Savannah.

Thence via Ship, ailing from Savannah, our Ships Each
Week to oNw Tk. a nd Two to Boston.

All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules.
Write for general information, ailing schedules, stateroom reservations,
or call on
B. H. Hinton, Trame Manager, Walter Hawkins, Gen'l Agt.
avanu ab, Ga. Ma W. Bay St, Jacksonville, F i


mare is the better horse," suggests sulphate of potash, and from 200 to Ind B idne to
how often when there's an extra strain 250 pounds sulphate of ammonia rr ni-Tho
to be borne it is laid on the woman's trate of soda. If a complete fertilizer and Don't Know it.
back. How often she breaks down at is applied it should contain about svo- Now To Find Out.
last under the added weight of some en per cent phosphoric acid, 10 per Fill a bottle or common glass with your
"last straw." Women who are dragging cent potash and tour per cent. ntro- watsr and lot ttandentour hour ao
along wearily through life can gain gen, of which from 800 to 1,000 pounds I Uling indicatesan
real strength by the use of Dr. Pierce's per acre of which would make a fair unhealthy condi-
Golden Medical Discovery. It puts application. tion of the kid-
back in concentrated form the Cultivation must be thorough, to your linen it is
strength making material which work- prevent the surface of the soil baking, evidence of kid-
ing women use up more rapidly than and to keep down weeds and grass. ney trouble; too
it can be restored by Nature in the For this purpose the ordinary tooth frequent desire to
ordinary processes of nourishment and cultivators supplemented with hand "the back is also
rest. Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets are hoeing, are the best tools. Worms convincingproof thatthekidneys and blad-
universal favorites with women be- will destroy the plant if not removed, dartoreutof order.
What to Do.
cause they are easy to take and thor- hence care must be taken in this re- There is comfort in the knowledge so
oughly effective in curing the conse- spect. Topping is usually performed often expressed, that Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-
quences of constipation. by pinching out the tip or bottom, Root, the great kidney remedy fulfills every
when the plants have ten to fifteen wish in curing rheumatism, pain in the
back, kidneys, liver, bladder and every part
The Tobacco Crop. leaves. Suckers will come above each of the urinary passage. It corrects inability
leaf, for at least two times before ri- to hold water and scalding pain in passing
The tobacco plant is one of the lead- penang, and must be broken off by it, or bad effects following use of liquor,
Ing agricultural products of the Unit- hand. Cutting is best done with rega- wine or bear, and overoomes that tlp "a
ingting agriculturul proh ue necessity of being compelled to go often
ed States. Over one half million lar tobacco knives, that split the stalk during the day, and to get up many times
acres of choice lands are devoted to :,'own tle center, to within about six duringthenight. Themildand the extra-
this crop, and the the annual pro luc- ew:lep; of the ground, when it Is cut ordiy effect of Swamp-Root is soon
tion amounts to oven 0 ofand hung over realized. It stands the highest for its won-
tion amounts to oven 0 hun over sticks. The sticks derful cures of the most distressingca
pounds. As most of the cro i .,Irvu generally four feet In length and If you noed a medicine you should have the
in Kentucky, Virginia. Oh.o amn t.i hold eight to nine plants. Ater the best. Sold by druggsts in50c. and$1. sizes.
Carolinas, there is an income in tileaves are wilted the tobacco s hauled You may have a sample bottle of this
particular tobacco g;owiug district of to the barns and hung up to cure. anderl k tdicer
the country, a suin equal to $23.(,00.- The furnace method of curing is more about It both tell
UWO every year. We Import much of that generally adopted. This keeps the absolutely free by mail,
the finer wrappers from Cuba and Su- barn at a temperature of from 70 to address Dr. Kilmer & HosmeowamprS
matra, for which is expended fully 90 de.gees, until the sap is out of the Co. ingatn .When writing men
20 00000ee early. These figures ive f n reading this generous offer in this paper
$20,000,000 yearly. These figures Ore c-- Rnh nan _snstfrm an












5as THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


WTIH THK J03CB.

A traveler meting a settler near a
house in the woods, the following
colloquy occurred: "Whose house?"'
"NoggS." "What's it built of?"
"Logs." "Any neighbors?" "Frogs."
"Wbat"s the soil?" "Boggs." "The
climate?" "Fogs." "What do you
eat?" "Hogs." "How do you catch
them?" "Dogs."-Ex.

The editor of the Greene American
says: "I want to be a farmer and till
the virgl soil and labor in the sun-
shine to sweat and sweat and toil; I
want to own large acres, there the rye
to sow, and watch the corn stalks wav-
ing and hear the mortgage grow; I
want to be a farmer and grow a hub-
bard squash, and pumpkins and pota-
toes and other things, by gosh; I want
to be a farmer, I do upon my soul, but
I hadn't got the money to buy a wood-
chuck hole.

A THOUGHTFUL WIFE.
First Lady.-What New Year's pres-
ents are you going to give to your hus-
band?
Second Lady-A hundred cigars.
First Lady-And what did you pay
for them?
Second Lady-Oh, nothing! For the
last few months I have taken one or
tw, out of Jack's box every day. lHe
hasn't noticed it, and will be pleased
with my selecting the right quality of
cigar.-Collier's Weekly.

WE CAN'T WAIT.
"Did she think that the world was
eagerly waiting for that first poem or
her?"
"Evidently. She got me out of be,'
to make a copy of it on the typewriter
anl then sent it to the editor by special
delivery. That was 18 months ago and
the poem has never appeared."-De-
troit Free Press

REVENGE.
Voice from the top flat)-Can't you
see the sign In the hall there-"no ped-
dlers allowed in this building?"
Answering'Voice (at other end of
the speaking tube, loud enough to be
heard throughout the building)-I ain't
a puIdlleo, ma'am. I'm the boy rotm
the dentist's with your new teeth!-
Chicago Tribune.

ANOTHER WAR VICTIM.
Hubbs-This war has caused a ple
of suffering.
Tubbs-It has, Indeed. I have suf-
fered terribly from it myself.
Hubbs-Why, you didn't go to the
war, did you?
Tubb--No, but 1 married the wid-
ow of a man who did.-Town Topics.

NO HARM DONE.
The Parson-I understand you
brought your dog to church with you,
Sunday, Thomas?
Tholpss-Yes, your reverence; but
he went to sleep as soon as yon began
to preach like the rest of us, and dis-
turbed no one, sir."-Yonkers States-
man

THE DIFFERENCE.
"There is one difference" said old
Mr. Bockingham, "between our son
and a poor rule."
"What's that?" his wife asked.
"A poor rule won't work both
ways. The othen won't work any
war.-Chiqo Times-Herald,


A man
with a
thin head
of hair is
a marked
man. But
the big
bald spot
is not the
kind of a mark most
men like.
Too many men in
their twenties are
bald. This is absurd
and all unnecessary.
Healthy hair shows
man's strength. To
build up the hair from
the roots, to prevent
and to
cure
bald-


u s e-


vitor

It always restores
color to faded or gray
hair. Notice that
word, "always." And
it cures dandruff.
$1.00abettle. Alldruggists.
'' My business calls me out among
strangers a great deal. I wold
etu feel ashamed every time
I wol take off m hat, my hair
was so thin and the bald spots
showed so lManly. I bean the un
of your Hair Vigor less than three
months ago. Today I find I ave as
fine a head of hair as I ever bad.
I tell everybody what I used, and
they say It must be a wonderful
remedy." GEo.. YEAtL,
Dec. 14,1e Chicago, IIl.
We have a book on The Har s&a
Scalp wheh we will send free o
request. If you do net obtain allthe
benefit you expected fros the we o
the wrote the Doctor s*ot
Dit. J. ell,
A A*ADn A A, ox "





DID HIM GOOD:,
Doctor-Ah, the little one looks
pretty well; the lll seem to have
helped him. How did you take them.
Tohnny?
Johnny-With my air rifle; I shot
sparrows with them, doctor.-N. Y.
World.

'WHERE THE TROUBLE LIES.
"When a woman will she will," said
the fair maiden decisively.
"Of course," admitted the disconso-
late young man, "but the trouble is
you can't tell by what she says when
-he will and when she won't."-Chi-
cago Post.

HER LITERARY PRETENSE.
"'Did you ever read Gray's Elegy in a
Country Church Yard?"
The fair young girl looked puzzled,
but only for a moment.
"Yes, indeed," she answered. "I have
read it in a country church yard and
lots of other places."-Washington
Star.

EXPERTS.
"So you are going to take a census
of Cuba."
"Yes. I understand that one hal of


tr THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


I 1 I 13 I 35 | 35 37 I 31 33 | 15 I '.
I.v ;hai .. ...... ...... ... .i....... ........t ..i.al ...... .......... ....a.1
Lv Savannah......... 5.2Ua| 7.40aI 9.05a81 0.40; I .p 5.00pl......
LY JeOwu,,, ,,,, < ,,, ..... | 6..101. .08ti ,34j |0o.00.il.2-ap.,5,i] t,H|PI ,vIi.....,
Lv WV;a ......... ... .4.aI a.ai b..isa1 8.s.,asaiU."lall.u ;,,.,, ,-..p. b.4Op
Ar Jacksonville.... ........... 7.30al 8.30a1 9.a2alIl.50al 1.00pl 2.35, I 7.40pilOt0l.4.
Jacks,,..... .. A nonas.ville and Mont- auycross and Li tiibWiu.-
iort Southbound La 9 und. Wes bound
)Ortnllv u Southbound "' I I I I 8, 8-


.45pi 8S.O0aiLvJacksonville Arl 7.30al10.40p
10.15pl 9.5ajAr .Waccross ..Lyv l5lua 8 4uh
.Z2.15alu.12pAr Valdoala i I1a 6.14,
i-15a! ..Op;Ar Thomasville I.vI 2. OaI 5.0.)
9.2OoiAr. Monts'erv .LvI 7.45pu11.L.a


9.50pl 7.15aiLv. Waycross Ari 9.3eal 8.U0p
11.30p]10.15allAr Brunswick LvY ..80aI e.00p
Waycross and Albany.
Westbound Eastbound.
89 | |901 8


Ul0.op10.10alLv. Waycross .Ari 6.45a 7l.40p
3.45ai 2.10plAr Albany Lv12.01a| 3.46p
Connections made at Charleston with Atlantic Coast Line. At Savannah with
Southern ha.lway, Central of Georgia Railway, Ocean Steamship Company and
.aerchan.. ai.oa M.ners Transportation Company. At Jesup with Southern Rail
A-ay. At Moi.lgomery with Louisville and Nashville Railroad and Mobile & Ohio
.ailroad. At Albany with Central of Georgia Railway.


I'I,ANT bSTAMHIL' l.- U rtsuish!ps MMatOte Sad OiQtte,
'don.. Thurs. and Sat..10.30p.....Lv.. Port TampaAr..11.00a Tues.. Thurs. and Sun
Tues., Fri. and Sun.... 3.00p....Ar..Key West.... Lv.. 7.OOp Mon., Wed. and Sat..
Tues., Fri. and Sun..... .00p....Lv..Key West.... Ar.. 6.00p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
Wed... b.. ad. Mon.... 6.uua....Ar..Havana...... Lv..12.30p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
Information regarding schedules, through car arrangements, reservations, etc.,
:.ay be secured upon application to
GEORGE H. PARKHILL. City Tickger, H. C. McFADDEN, Div. Pas Agt.
I;. W. WRENN, Passenger Traffic Mana Jacksonville, Fla.
Savannah, Ga. et Agent, 138 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville.


the population of Chicago have ap-
plied for the job."-Brooklyn L:fe.

HIS NEW DIGNITY.
Mr. Jiner-I've been elected to the
office of invincible high protector of
the sanctuary in my lodge.
His Wife-What are the duties?
Mr. Jiner-I have to guard the outer
ioor.-Chicago Tribune.

SADIE'S POPULARITY.
"What a favorite in society little
Sadie Singleton is-with the men, I
mean! Yet she isn't pretty and her


SHE'S SOLID WITH JOHNNIE.
Johnnie-Most folks don't think
much of boys, but our teacher is stuck
on 'em, I guess.
Mamma-Is that so?
Johnnie-Yes'm. I heard her say to-
day that a thing of beauty was a boy
forever.-Detroit Free Press.

TO HANDLE A CLUB.
Mrs. Mulcahy-An phwy is y'r hus-
band working' wid all thim foreigners
breaking' stone on th' road beyapt?
Mrs. Mulhooly (with proper pride)-
Sure he's only trying' for a position on


figure is bad. I suppose they like her th' police force.-New York Weekly.
because her disposition is so lovely."
"Lovely fiddlesticks! They like her ONE WAY OF PUTTING IT.
because somebody started the story "You see," explained the detective
that she is the favorite niece of a child- who had just slipped up on a case, "in
'ess old uncle with a trunk full of cop- novels the criminal always does his
per stocks."-Cleveland Plain Dealer. work the way the detective figures it
out, and real life he is likely to do Ir
Plant your spring ads, some other way."-Chicago Post.


kati IGHMT PREPADl ON TBBI S.
S Strictly high-class atock. Warranted true to name. Free troma
all injurious Insects and fungus diseases. Extreme care In *
packing.
S 800 VAIETIZS. Oranges, Pomelos. Kumquarts, Peaches, Pear,
4- Plums, Kaki, Nuts. Grapes, Figs. Mulberries. &c. Also Rose ,
and Ornamentals.
17 YEALS esrtblished. Correspondence Solicited. Catalogue Free.
0s.i"ll Les furnished. No Aents. .
41.
6 i. L..rber, Prop. GLiN b l .r,"iTd
+++44-*,,++++* ++*, *.+,** + *4 + ** + ............. + +


PTANT SYSTEM.


THE GREAT THROUGH CAR LINE.

LOCAL SCHEDULE.
.ui n bound. Louthbound
,;u;nn bound. IN LI. FI JACT .IAN. 17. 1Uo. uhbound
Read down. Read up.
,140 78 38 3 I 23 7 1 1 139
1. 85ai2.0n 7.00pLv .. ....ort l'ampa........ Ar 6.55p 10.00p 7.5a......
1 910a12.25p 7.Lp Lv .. Tampa iay Hotel........Ar 6.30p 9.35p 7.30a .......
....... 25a 2.35p 7.40p Lv .. ... .Tampa.. .. ...Ar 6.15p 9.25p 7.30a.......
.............. 4.15pLv.. .. .. Pu a Gorda.. ...... Ar 8.40p....... .556p.......
....... a 5.30a 7.Zpv ...........a iarow .......... Ar .4p...... .OOa.......
....... i .4oa 1.37p 9.IpLv.... .... Lakeland........ ..Ar 5.00p 8.23p 6.15a .......
....... l.pL ~,4'i V0.4lpLv. ...... K- Klf-lelnmo...... .|.Ar 1.4tp T.lip 4._p ..-----
....... ,, .... 11.14pl.v. .. ... Orlando . . ...Ar 3.10p 6.47p 4.2a1......
.......'12.49p 3.1ip 11.2.piLv. ....inier P'ark........ Ar 3.55p 6.39p 4.13a.......
... I .0p 3.40p12.15alLv. .... ..Sanford.... .. .....Ar 2.00p 6.2Up 3.30a.......
....... 3.00p, 4.5pj b.talAr ....... .DeLand.......... Lv 12.35p 5.06p ..............
. .i .. u ;i., iJ.pt .pLv. ... .DeLand.......... Ar 1.50p 6.15p 8.0a.......
.0 oi 4.30PI .Miul Z2.4alIY. .....PBal&B a, ,. .. ,. ,, Ar ll,?a 4.lp 1.06a *.0p
JO.oSpI o.2l6,l u.3. o...a l v .Green Cove ipruligs .... ..Ar 1U.40a 3.33p 12.16a a.2 p .
11.00aI 5.30ul i.4ip| 3.3ia Lv.. ......Magnoiha.. .........Ar 10.36ai 3.29p 12.1a 5.22p
12.10pl 6.30pi 7.31 4.30 t Ar .... .....Jacksonville .. .. Lv 9.40a 2.4jpp lA.2lp 4.i5
....... ..............Si, .. .. ..St. Petersburg .. .. .. .Ar 10.30p .....................
....... 5.45al.......... ...-. Lv.. .. .... Belleair.. .. Ari : .4p .p...................
......110.37ai........ ... ..... Lees. urg.. .... Art 4.4api....................

.dta 1.4p ............I.. Iv .. ... G inesvil....... .. Ar| I1.p40U .......i- ..... 8.4p
i; a 0 i. ip I...P.... .......ILV . Ar.in ....... .-.- .... .
12.10pi 6.o p l...............Ar.. .. Jacksonville .. .. Lvi o.40al.............. 4.1
FROM JACKSONVILLE TO JESSUP, .3A\ %. -IAH AND CHARLESTON
1, ,l i 34 a 1 3 I 2 3 l aI I 1 is
irv Jacksonville ............. I 5.u0al 7.0ual S.UOa S.00all .10p 1.Lp 7.4Bp| 7.46pl 7.46p
Ar Waycross........ ........ 6.5ual 19;0al 9.0I 9.15 l. Op 3.30p 9.3Upl .ipilt.,,
Ar Jessup.......... .....- 8.10a.l....... 10.5laIl0.6la 2.46p 4.22p 10.30Up1u.4u1 |.-U,
Ar Savannah.................. 0.ua.......1.10pll2.15p 4.0p 5.4p I ....... 1.1a
Ar Charleston ........ ........I ........ .. ....... I 4.39p .......10. i .......|I....... .i,1
FROaM CHARLESTON, SAVANNAH AND idSUP TO JACKSONVILLE.


- -


I












THE FLORIDA AGRICULTUtRISTJ1 I1


Shorter Trees
The day of the old Florida seedlin
with eight feet to the lowest branches
and twenty-five to the topmost,
gone forever. It had an existence b
cause nature was willing and the pi
neer was too indolent to head it bac
says the Times-Union and Citizen.
With a continent spread out before
him, the American farmer was yet t<
economical of his patrimony to allo
any fruit tree the undivided occupatic
of a little block of it. The tree mun
divide with cabbages and potato
and the lower branches were slashed
away to permit of tilige close up 1
the bole. Blizzard took his turn fin
S ally, and the long legged tree was she
in the calf.
The towering seedling has been cel
brated in ten thousand description
of Florida. it has been photographs
for admiring friends in the North, wit
the pickers :ar up in the branches i
ladder gathering the sgldea fruit in1
sacks. It has been published hui
dreds of times as a matter of pri(
that a certain tree had produced fort
boxes, of which probably not one-tent
could have been harvested without
ladder. To this day, South Florid
boasts of forty-five boxes to the tre
True, North Florida would no-w vlt-e
fully climb thirty feet for a few o
anges, but if there had been few,
thirty-foot trees, there would to
day be more oranges. Swa.pi;~; we
ransacked for cypress poles lol
enough to make ladders that would
reachthe sky-scraping (or at lea
blinrard-ecraipiin) topltDw t limbs.
ladders long enough could not t
bought or manufactured, they wet
spliced or made with sliding joints!
required a man with a sailor's nern
to otealy himiiiilf at tlihs dizzy el
nations, and one-handed clippers wei
invented to enable aim to graep wit
one hand the treacherous ladder. TI
picker often could not afford time 1
make the many-runged descend, an
oranges were lowered down out of mid
heaven with ropes.
In the halcyon days of the industry
the writer visited a little grove (
which an important feature was ti
magnificent tangerines. Their sprea
was much greater than their height
not a foot of elevation was wasted
dozens of the branches bending wit
their burdens resting on the ground
and the lower oranges swaying in tt
wind, marked little paths in the san
They yielded many of them, seven <
eight boxes apiece, and the ownu
stood on the ground until he had gati
ered six or thereabout. From this se'
en acre grove it was said he sold let
than a hundred dollars short of seven
thousand dollars worth of fruit. Tru
it went with the rest in the cataclysm
but with our presenT knowledge of ten
protection, It could have been easily
and inexpensively saved. It would I
a fortune in the present juncture, wit
tangerines at $8 to $10 per box.
The growers of Southern Italy as
Sicily are obliged to shorten their trel
to protect them against the hot, desi
eating blasts which come over front
Africa, often completely drying or
and killing the extremities of tt
branches. In a report made son
years ago, Consul Lowenstein note
the same practice in Southern Spal
"with the object of partially avoidir
these misfortunes, the custom of pr
during trees of shortened growth hi
of late years vastly extended" In tl
As&on orange trees are generally r
strained to a height of twelve or fon
teen feet; at Borrento they are head


S Our Cultivator is the best
o-
, on the market and saves
more than 6 the time, and
nearly all hand work.
r Crops stand dry weather
o 1roo per cent. better. Let
w us tell you all about it. Spe-
on cial price to first customer.
st
, D. Y. HALLOCK & SONS,
Box 836. York, Pa.
ed
to


THE NEW SEED LAW.
Approved May 19, 1899. makes it unlawful for
any pcraon to sell or offer for sale any arden,
Melon or Vegetable Seed unless the same are
in packages bearing on the outside in plain,
letters a guarantee certificate of when. whti,
and by whom the seed were grown.
Penalty not less than $25, nor more than
$100 fine.
J. B. Sutton, Seedsman, Ocala, Fla., sells
seed under his trade-mark, a above, bearinm
the certificate required by law; besides all
seeds are tested and the certificate bears date
,f test and percentage oft ermnanti9n, epa
to him for price litt Wholesale and retail


back to about the same elevation to
enable the grower to cover them with
nlatting or atnali-_ 'n Coraina the rit
ron is kept down to : height which can
be conveniently protected with mats or
blankets,
The Japanese accomplish the .same
object by raising low-headed trees,
grown on the trifoliate, or Satsuma
stocks. Now, there is nothing more
objectionable to the American farmer
than anything dwarfish. From the
mighty Durham to the pumpkin in the
field, the greatest bulk is cultivated.
The idea of a dwarf has been insepar-
ably connected with every mention of
the trifollate, and that has served to
condemn it with the orange grower
upon the spot. But the bitter logic of
the blizzard is correcting prejudices in
wholesome fashion. Accustomed as
he has become of late years to looking
for his trees within a few inches of
the ground, the orange grower of North
Florida discovers that the tree on tri-
foliage stock grows a good deal highg-
er than he thought it aid. If he can
raise a tree a little higher than his
head, he will lift his hat to it.

6.434 LETTERS A DAY.
The John A. Salzer Seed Co., La
Crosse, Wis., received 6,434 orders last
Monday, which is a monster day, but
they expect to double this number by
the middle of March. The firm is hav-
ing a great trade in its specialties, po-
tatoes, speltz, Bromus, Inermis, rape,
Big Four Oats. Three Eared Corn, and
the earliest vegetables. There is a
wonderful demand for onion, cabbage,
peas and beans seed this year. Early
Bird Radish and Lightning Cabbage,
the two earliest of this kind in the
wide, wide world, are having a tre-
mendous sale.

Let us give you prices on your job
work.


FARMERS
.OF FLORIDA


. *


Florida East Coast Ry.
TIME TABLE NO. L. IN EFFECT FEB. 1, 1900.

SOUTU BOUND (Bead Deow.) (Bead Up) NORTH BOUND.
No. 1 No.. No.soNo.aj3o. No.aj No.78 No.74 No.2PNo.S No.. No.
Daily Daily Dally Daily Daily STATIONS. Daily Dly Dily Dily Daily
a t- p agp -I T1 T v Lv..Jkrvlle..Ar-- -178 7 iTi l F I
8 o p 2p 9 p 1091O a Sa Ar .A''tineLv 6lOp 63op 9Op eO610. 4a1 su P
......... ..... ...... a .A't eAr 60ip 69 1 86 5p ,S..... ........
....11 .... p ............ ...... ........
........... ... 1U4p 1p U 40 N Ar Psat 5" u61Sp'6 p 84 p 8 W ............
S............. A.... S I3IBAr.Pa v 4 p ...... .... ........
............... ......... 1ll 5itL 910 Lo ..Palathk..A r l6 p 10p .... ..................


8 8 a 8Tp b10p Sp 18 5p 8ip 148. 1.
............ ........ .. ...... : L T1... .. ...... .=........ ......0.... .

...... ...... ...... .S lp 4 o p 11 ... .. ...... ... .








...... .... 0ll - ...... . *b h J". 10 8 *0a .0
8 i Ma ".P. ..A G 4lap F i8oi 1i
.l ow=| 12uAap 4" f 1Up 4 Oft
.:: l : : Isi ... 1" P.O- 8 L




..... .. -brange. 8 &l
..... .... .. s. .. k. .......... ...
SN..O E I 0 g ga $Ar8m1806 i |1 1 O




iV .. .... . m ...... 6 .......... .... I..
S: :?......2 :::::: La & ..a :::..: : ..I I







...... ......l ..... City li p .... .... ..
I Araj'11t 50 9 Ar a0.. 1 1t ......'..... |


i.'ra l.Jns 810 n p Pieu 10onM waure 9 80e 2 ap 12, 4.


bemtweea ,o n JmF sam[ D etwaae Tetlsville sad 5angfeii

iNo l! SBTATIONS. IN.3.INo.1. No.11 b mTATIONts Nea .U
is~ L ......o Jaew an l. .. A0p 8600.21a .i ........... ......
4.,,.)I 1i"i ... Lae p. .. 1 0 o7IM i < .....M. ..... ..... i






'i S .. ae 6 B .... ...... Ld . ......tn..............
Sjam h. 2 & ew n a O ng A ........... 8...



.. ]ELA A ........ L. 9 .. .... .... 1








trais wen ro. au vme PAo trai hdtweml Titunavle ir and ur o
Ceac Jaity excepti8mmd4 r. B dl cept Sunda y.
S.e.ami \ e..a ..1.. u ... .................. n at


do. 15t 8TATa us amoe 1e ep
g .o IA/rI- am 8W 4 LINE, .110
.....ve. a n W .. . .
ivae lA u ...... o .. p We... .. i I ....... a rte........... ... d r










earve Miami eunay an Wedn a .ad ii
L1eapv Miami M.Ona 1Oys, e r a U t 27.l ..... o.................. ...









LAll,. Ke est e sdy,. Tre days, 7and Sat r..Ays... ............................. ..
Trays (10 not aton at (Nnmuo WI Tim)..ut .. ....a...is






beFor coo time tt Bay twetr Ja ckaonvl or addre ea
J. P. BiC WiTH. erae Mandae. J.aD. ui r andI B A. I. P. A.rro
Now bS d a .. W ) 1% fa 7 00o Lv. .................l B
ArJive Havana M d .La nd Teh. an ay.i .........ime........ ..... p
5 1 H' 135,A r.62ue y ME 2 SWR 8d am ...............teea............
Arll Miais blW Noweded y ra Ora nge ..... ............ .... .........
Oity Junction Mday AD trains betweendayadrrldky................ Titusville and On.


L #. .. Se W TATION da avd stations and
Are6 5 Jacksonvilis, L r .6 .0,n = 19 or nnnilry (tuIL
LMe Mm..Pablo BeWch....a: .*::. started Tisnot ........ or L b
JW trains between o.ni Jacksonville Q Pablo pa hold itself responsble for any.






Lave Miami S -dJya and Weduye ta. ........................ *i~DbB.
Arrive Moia nadays an Tridays..... ....................:....AftM



T hsae 11 i -1 Ma *r, Weddearysand Frirdary .......and Marc................ -j PP6
:e Key Went TIuethedye kureto and S atrdays..... ............e...
1=v soy oest Zeal eard o altB Btre......t.................... Jcoil o







J. P. BBCkW 1TH. Trafilo aoa. J. 0. BAHNXB A O.P. Ai








le0 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Orange Tree,
Grape.
IFruit, ) jjt
Garden, Sron beq eiclP f zf
onion, inoP e 4ria gial
Shmon Pure Fertlzers.
"0"A60 m 9. 0. w u. D. 0. PAIHTDR a CO., Pr'epretocr.
JACKSONVILLE.


S Dear Sir:
SJust 90 days from the time our factory and warehouses were burned we
moved into our new building, and are now in better shape to take care of our
trade than ever before. With a building made especially for our purposes and
up-to-date machinery for grinding and mixing we are prepared to do more and
better work than by the old system.
We wish to heartily thank those of our customers who have favored us
with their orders since the fire and by their patience have enabled us to hold
our business together so well under such trying circumstances.
If you are already a customer, our goods have recommended themselves.
If you are not a patron, why not? We are giving you the best values for your
money, we are located in the state and our interests are identical with yours.
We have our own orange groves and gardens where our fertilizers are practical-
ly tested so that we are better able to supply goods that are especially
adapted to the requirements of our soil and climate.
Write and tell us how much you want and what it is for and we will quote
you bottom prices. Yours truly,
E. O. Painter & Co., Jacksonville, Fla.
We furnish any and all kinds of Fertilizing flaterials and Chemicals.







A High-Grade Fertilizer

MUST HAVF

QUALITY! REPUTATION!



"THEIJ IDREAT BRANDS

HbIt,, H AV F TH ES E. E '
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE .................$3.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)..........$27.00 per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $28.00 per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE.................$30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $28.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............ $30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER... ................ ......$20.oo per ton

All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTILIZER COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Pig's Foot Brand Blood and Bone, $17.00 per ton. Damavaland Guano. The Ideal Tobacco Fertilizer, $44.00 per ton.