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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Vol. XXVII, No. 9. Whole No. 1359.
DeLand. Fa., Wednesday, February 28, 190.
$2 per Annum, in Advance.
Distinonas la Green Xanuring.
For Florida Agriculturist.
Various crops such as clover, peas,
vetches, rye, mustard, etc., are culti-
xated and turned under in order to
furnish humus or orgaile matter and
nitrogen, and to improve the physical
condition of the land. This is called
"green manuring" and is one of the
most valuable processes in modern
The crops which are grown for
green manuring purpose, may be di-
vided into two classes: The "nitro-
gen gotherers," and the "nitrogen con-
sumers." The distinction between these
is of utmost importance, and no far-
mer should fail to Inform himself thor-
oughly, as It is a matter of dollars and
cents to him. On the one hand, for
example, the nitrogen gatherers have
.- -lKrigwgiltg.faz~mirg nitrogen from
the atmosphere, and when turned un-
der, add this costly element of plant
food to the soil, which means a big
saving in the fertilizer bill.
The nitrogen consumers on the oth-
er hand, have no faculty of absorbing
nitrogen from the atmosphere, and
when plowed under, they simply re-
turn to the soil the nitrogen they pre-
viously found there and took up from
that source during their process of
The principal nitrogen gatherers are
clovers of all kinds, cow peas, beans,
and vetches. These plants belong to
the so-called "Leguminous" class, and
possess that faculty of taking nitrogen
from the atmosphere, which no other
crop outside of this family can do. I'
has been estimated that a crop of clo-
ver will furnish to the soil from 100 to
125 pounds of nitrogen, and a this In-
gredient costs about 10 cents per
pound at the lowest, when purchased
on the market, a fair idea can be gain-
ed as to the value of the clover in add-
ing to the soil's supply of nitrogen.
The principal nitrogen consumers are
rye, barley, buckwheat and mustard.
An average crop of rye for example,
contains about 51 pounds of nitrogen,
but this must already have existed in
the soil, and when the rye is turned
under, it simply retuar to the land
what it aborted for its own use. The
soil does not gain an ounce of nitro-
gen through the growth of either rye,
barley, buckwheat or mustard. The
value of these crops, therefore, con-
sists in the humus they furnish and
protection they give to the soil as a
covering to prevent leaching.
Another point to be remembered in
green manuring is his: The nitrogen
gatherers, having the faculty of get-
ting their own nitrogen from the air,
need be terUBled only with phosphoric
aim aM 9- % s hal Ote a t
I c--- MI.
these two mineral ingredients pro-
duces a heavy growth of the legumes,
and the larger the crop, the more nitro-
gen it takes from the air, and the more
the soil profits thereby. For the nitro-
gen consumers, however, a complete
fertilizer must be used. A complete
fertilizer is one which contains nitro-
gen, phosphoric acid and potash. As
nitrogen costs over twice as much per
pound as either phosphoric acid or
potash, it can be seen at a glance, that
the fertilizers for the nitrogen con-
summers cost the farmers a great deal
more than for the nitrogen gathreer.
The conclusion is simple and means
that in selecting a crop for green ma-
nuring purposes, it is decidedly more
economical to select one of the legumes
as they improve the soil and lessen the
fertilizer bill at the same time.
Hallison, N. C.
Fertilizing Fruit Trees.
It is only of late years that the ne-
cessity of systematically fertilizing
fruit trees has been well understood.
It was argued that as a tract of land
in forest trees maintained its fertility
and even added to its store of plant
food the same would be true of or-
chards to a large extent This argu-
ment was never a good one, inas-
much as the leaf growth of the forest
falls to the ground and remains there
to decay and become plant food, while
the leaf growth of the more open or-
chards was blown away by the winds
of autumn. Forest lands being shaded
all the time do not lose anything by
evaporation, while orchards being
more open to the sun lose large
amounts of plant food in this way,
unless they are properly cared for.
The essential plant foods are the
same for trees as for other crops, but
not in the same proportions always. In
ordinary farm crops the largest por-
tion of the potash used goes into the
straw and stalks and is returned to
the soil while in trees it remains in
the body and limbs of the trees or is
carried away with the fruit and leaves.
It follows that an orchard is a very
exhaustive crop as long as It is grow-
ing and bearing fruit and needs fer-
tilizing very carefully It vigor of
growth and productiveness is to be
maintained. It the orchard is on
rich and naturally fertile soil the
chances are that the greatest need will
The phosphoric acid in the soil will
not be exhausted as quickly as will
the potash and the necessary amount
of nitrogen may be maintained by
growing clover on the land. Experi-
ments have proved that barn yard ma-
nare is n as efidlet u commercial
fertilizer in promoting growth and
bearing of fruit trees. In some experi-
ments at the New Jersey station it was
found that commercial fertilizers were
nuch cheaper for peach trees than
barn yard manure. Prof. Voohees
recommends for apple trees a mixture
of 100 pounds each of ground bone,
acid phosphate and muriate of potash
to be applied early in the spring at
the rate of 400 pounds of the mixture
to the acre. This mixture contains
very little nitrogen, but is rich in pot-
ash and phosphoric acid. The nitro-
gen would be furnished by plowing un-
der a crop of clover quite early in the
spring, having first sown the fertiliz-
er in order to have it plowed under
where the roofs of the trees could get
Peach trees being shorter lived than
apple or-pear trees, hnti ue e-treated
with a fertilizer somewhat different in
its composition. For this purpose ni-
trogen should be added, as it is from
nitrogen that leaf growth comes to a
In any case no growing crop
should be allowed to stand in the o -
chard during all the season, as the
roots of the crop use the plant food
that should lie left for the use of the
trees, and the moisture in the soil is
all needed by the' growing trees.
Where clover is grown it should be
plowed under before the middle of
Experiments have shown that com-
mercial fertilizers are much cheaper
than stable manures as fertilizers for
orchards. This is especially true when
fertilizers of either kind must be
Regular fertilization of an orchard
is necessary in order to promote regu-
lar crops and continued vigor. This
has not been the rule heretofore.-
Prime Essentials in Celery Culture.
In a letter written by Prof. H. E.
Stockbridge of the experiment station
to J. E. Ingram of the East Coast
Railroad, he says:
"Refnrring to your letter of the Oth
inst, as to celery, I would say that
there are very large areas of soil on
the Fast Coast, which, in my opinion,
are perfect adapted to celery culture.
Soils best adapted to this purpose are
hammock and prairie lands, rich in or-
ganic matter. Many of them, however,
require artificial drainage, as excess
of surface water is ruinous to the
crop. I would say, furthermore, that
the lighter mixed hammock sols, if Ir-
rigation is possible, are also admirably
adapted to celery. During the past
two years we have grown sWme
handsome celery on our station fatm
as was ever produced at Kalnmabo,
or any of the great Northern cen-
ters, with all of which I am familiar
from personal Inspection. This celery
was grown on high pine land, but was
irrigated whenever natural moisture
did not suffice. It was shipped to
Jacksonville and Tallahassee, aad
brought the highest market price.
With two precautions, there is no
reason whatever to fear celery blight
in our State. The use of potaseim-
sulphide spray is a perfect protection
against the blight, even after it
makes its appearance, and the ue at
boards Instead of sol for blanching
not only tends to reduce blight, but
also prevents rmt, which Is otherwise
so apt to cetch our crop, if warm
weather fads it siMll unharvested. I
am convinced that t he la not oaly mO
excuse whatever for the importation
of Northern celery into Florida, but
there are thousands of acres of land
in different parts of the State, includ-
ing large sections on the East Coast
which could be made to supply the
Northern winter markets at a time
when they are dependent upon Infer-
ior "cooped" celery, which cannot cnm-
pare with the crop freshly blanched
and taken directly from the field."
Within fifty years sugar manufac-
ture has advanced from the brown.
dirty loaf which the Mexican wraps in
a corn husk to the most beautiful,
snow-white article in the power of
science to create. Until recently,
however, syrup making has fallen be-
hind, from the wholesome, amber pro-
duct, greatly esteemed by our mothers
as New Orleans molasses, to the black,
dreggy liquid, which is poured into the
Mississippi, or given to the plantation
mules. Vermont maple syrup has all
along, in its small way, upheld the old
traditions of a delicious relish to
spread upon pancakes, and within a
very few years the cane syrup of the
Gulf States has come to its support. I
Good syrup, that is, a first-class, pri-
mary product, and not a mere by-pro-
duct of the sngarhoise, haa been hbt.'.
tofort handicapped by the fact that it
would not keep, whereas sugar will
keep indefinitely. The discovery at
the art of canning, therefore, seems
likely to restore to syrup all its old-
time renown and give it the respec-
table position in commercial tranrsc-
tions which it had almost forfeited.
In a recent issue of the Louisiana
Planter, the editor says, oracularly:
"If the tariff-barriers be broken down
between Cuba and the States, there
(Continued on Page 141,)
1o0 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Mr. Samuel Barfield and a party of
twelve gentleman went out alligator
hunting last Saturday on Merritts Is-
land. After hunting for several hours
they succeeded in landing a huge fellow
Which measured ten and a half feet.
They arrived at Rockledge at noon
with a big alligator and two smaller
ones. This was the first successful
hunt of the season. The alligator is
now on exhibition in the museum at
Iockledge.-The Cocoa and Rockledge
The biggest bunch of bananas ever
seen in this city, and probably the
biggest ever brought to this country,
arrived on the steamer Wanderer yes-
terday. It was the property of Purser
Fowler', who obtained it from a fruit
steamer just as the Wanderer was sail-
ing from Mobile. The mammoth bunch
of fruit was grown at Bocas del Toro,
South America on the grove of Snyder
Brothers. Purser Fowler hired two
stalwart negroes and had the bunch
carried to Mayor Bowyer's office,
where he presented ti to the city's
chief executive. The two negroes were
completely exhausted from the exer-
tion of bringing the fruit from the
wharf to the Mayor's office. This won-
derful bunch of bananas reached
from the floor exactly to the top of the
Mayor's head, and was fully as large
in circumference as that official. It
contained no less than 300 bananas,
and each of them more than eight
inches in length, some reaching from
twelve to fourteen inches.-Tampa
Alice Carraway, a young white wo-
man, was killed by falling from a tra.n
way car near Lockloosa a few days
ago. It is said that the victim fell
between the cars while the train was
In motion, the trucks of one car pass-
ing over and severing ooe of her limbs,
from which death resulted in a few
Mrs. Earnest who lives about six
miles west of Call, is subject to some
kind of sickness, and on'. night recent-
ly, she was taken with one of these at-
tacks and swallowed her false teeth,
plate and all. It is suppo-se shie broke
the plate. She has not been able to
swallow anything since.-TR-irtow Cou-
Pensacola expects to have a marine
hospital located there. Capt. C.
Cobb, of that city, is in receipt of a let-
ter from Congressman Sparkman in
which the congressman promises to do
all he can to obtain the location of a
marine hospital in Pensacola.
B. F. Stevens of Tampa, died of lock-
jaw. He received injuries at the Tam-
pa Steam ways a fMw days ago, which
resulted in death as stated. He was
oiling some overhead machinery, and1
in stepping down placed his foot on a
rapidly revolving bun saw, The foot
was terribly lareerated and lockjaw
finally resulted. He was a man high-
ly respected by a large circle of friends
Letters patent have been issued for
the incorporation of the Jacksonville
Towing and Wrecking Company, with
a capital of $75,000, to conduct a gen-
eral towing, wrecking and transporta-
tion business, owning and operating
vessels of various linds. The incorp-
orators are Napoleon B. Broward,
Alex M, Douglass, Montcalm, Harry
Fossard, A. R. Merrill and J. E Merrill.
The Florida Colonial Dames met in
Jacksonville the past week and elected
poMce for the Florida Association. Of
and all other green garden crops should
be provided ample supplies of available
Nitrogen. This is best done by using
which stimulates an early, rapid and
healthy growth. This treatment forces
these crops into market earlier than is
possible by the use of any other fertil-
iser. Write for free book to John A.
Myers, 12 Y John St., New York.
Nitrate for aue by fertilizer dealers every-
ub~o oaf for LIN of g*-, %
the twelve members belonging to the
Florida division seven were present,
besides several belonging to the asso-
ciation in other states. In the choice
of offices all the former board were re-
elected. Another meeting will be held
at Tallahassee in March, the date to be
The State convention of Stockmen
held last year will be followed this
year by a business meeting of Stock-
men, called for March 7, at Kissim-
mee. The meeting is being supported
by the stockmen of Osceola, Polk and
E. G. White, a former Gainesville
newspaper man, is now editor of the
Klondike Nugget, at Dawson. His
salary is $20 per day, but even that is
not sufficient to buy him any comfort.
It takes a whole day's wages to buy
40 pounds of potatoes.
Opinions vary concerning the value
of the new game law. Some have
contended that the license feature
would keen tourists away, but this
has been in measure disapproved by
the actual experience of the season
in some of the favorite sportsmen's
haunts in the tSate, and many visit-
ing sportsmen have testified that the
license is the best feature of the law,
while some have even declared that
the license should have been $25
instead of $10.-Ex.
Among the many different branches
of business In the State we would call
to notice that of GeV. R. Nichols & Co.,
of Tampa, Fla., who have by steady in-
dustry, and integrity, worked the gran-
ite and marble business to something
near what the public wants.
They are both experienced work-
men and understand all the different
kinds of material that should be work-
ed into cemetery adornments, they are
selling their work all over the State,
and each year increases to more and
a better class of work. They do not
keep any traveling agents but do much
of their increasing trade through the
mails, making it at less cost to the
buyer and better for themselves, as
everything done is through the heads
of the firm. Great promises made to
customers that the house knows noth-
ing the consequent dissatisfaction is
thus averted. They promise nothing
only what they intend to fulfill. We
bespeak for them a liberal patronage.
Any communication addressed to
them at Tampa will receive prompt at-
TO CURO A 00LD IN ONw DAT,
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tab-
lets. All druggists refund the money
if it fails to cure. E. W. Grove's signa-
ture on every box, 25c. 1.
Let us give you prices on your job
A good time to subscribe.
CROPS AND PRODUCTS.
Manatee's Prize Orange Crop.-A.
H. Brown, the capable and affable
manager of the C. H. Foster orange
grove, near the town of Manateve, was
in the city yesterday as the guest of
his friend, Mr. W. R. Fuller. Mr.
Brown brings the gratifying intelli-
gence that his grove has proved to be
the prize grove of the State the past
season, which adds another laurel to
the palmy crown of Manatee county,
and puts to rout certain claims which
have been loudly proclaimed by ambi-
tious growers in the neighborhood of
The Foster grove, which consists of
40 acres, produced 5,600 crates of or-
anges during the past season. The
fruit brought in, in cold cash, $12,000,
which discounts any other grove in the
Next season the crop of this grove
will be fully 10,000 boxes, and Mr.
Brown promises to maintain the re-
cord of superiority made by this excel-
lent property this year.
Messrs. Phillips & Fuller are setting
out fifteen acres of grapefruit at Ter-
ra Ceia, on the mainland, and will In-
crease the capacity of their groves in
The future of the orange industry in
this incomparable section never looked
brighter. When a forty-acre grove can
bring in $12,000 cash in one season
there can be no room for complaint
at unfavorable conditions.-Taimpa
Large Sweet Potatoes.-It is report-
ed that D. Code Hill, of Forest City,
the past season, raised a sweet potato
that weighed 35 pounds, the entire hill
yielding 95 pounds. Under intelligent
cultivation, there's no telling what Or-
ange county soil will produce.--Orlan-
Florida Syrup.-The steamer Gray
Eagle brought down 639 one gallon
cans of the famous Caloosahatchee
river syrup, put up by J. T. Anders at
Alva, last Thursday. The entire out-
put of this crop is being handled by R.
A. Henderson. The syrup is put up in
neat cylindrical cans and finds a ready
sale, Mr. Henderson having a big or-
der from New Orleans for this syrup,
as the residents of the Pelican State
admit that they haven't anything in the
lne of syrup that can approach this.
-Ft. Myers Press.
Velvet Beans for Hogs.-W. E. Par-
ish has six acres of velvet beans on
which he got only about two-thirds of
a stand. On this land he has been
pasturing thirty head of hogs since
November 15th, and has yet enough
to last them until the middle of next
month. Understand that these were
simply planted and grew without cul-
tivation, the porkers doing their own
LETTING WELL ENOUGH ALONE.
Bobbs--I see that a man has invent-
ed a typewriter that yon just sit down
and talk to and it writes out every-
thing you say.
Dobbs-I guess fll keep mine. She
doesn't write everything I say, and
I'm glad of it.-Baltimore American.
If a brute gets down and is so stub-
born that it will not attempt to get
up, hold your hand over his nostrils
and shut off his breath. This frightens
him, and if he has strength enough he
will get up.
AN EMBARRASSING SITUATION.
Dibbs (facetiously)-This is a pic-
ture of my wife's first husband.
Dobbs-Great snakes! What a
brainless looking idiot! But I didn't
know your wife was married before
she met you.
Dibb-She wasn't. That is a pic-
ture of myself at the age of 20.-Lon-
Farmers and builders will find it to
their advantage to write to Gee. H.
Fernald, Sanford, Fla., for prices on
all tools, implements and builders' sup-
plies. He is agent for the Acme Har-
rows, Walter A. Wood Mowers and
rakes, Remington, Avery and Brinly
Plows, Charter Oak Stoves and
Ranges, Devoe's Paints and Columbia
Bicycles. He has the best equipped
plumbing, steam and gas fitting estab-
lishment and tin shop in South Flor-
ida. Pumps, Columbia Bicycles, Boil-
ers, Machinery, new and second hand
a specialty. All inquiries promptly an-
As the Florida Representative of
the large International Publishing
Company of Philadelphia and Chicago,
I am prepared to offer extra induce-
ments to LADIES and GENTLEMEN
to work for them both by offering
large commissions and PREMIUMS,
also both to the agent and purchaser
of books. Isaac Morgan,
Vegetables should not be stored
when wet if it is possible to avoid it.
If it must be done, a liftle air-slacked
lime scattered upon them will absorb
all the surplus moisture.
Printing of every description at this
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Peean Culture. in the soil, the tree will send its roots
Mr. Post is enthusiastic upon peean after it. We have trees on the campus RASS SEED for HAY,
culture and abvances some theories that send their roots out under the GRASS SEED for PASTURE,
which are not always substantiated by fence, some twenty to thirty feet in a GRASS SEED for LF O NKS,
scientific deductions, but ha :.-;u; heen single year. and we have to grub their BRSASS SEED U r LANS,
frequently referred to the horticultural up regularly. This year we found f1 RTIES t Ie.T Wf T T LL M W IF IL.
periodicals, they have given consider- roots coming up in the propagating Our AMERICAN FARBMEKI MITAI. for 1900, 8 page, devoted etfly to Gras
able attention to the cultivation of this house, more than twenty feet away. and other Seeds for the Farm, mailed free on application to those who state whl they saw
this advertisement. Corraespodeaee invited.
nut. This merely shows that if there is any P HEin.Dra A -4- YII-
Hut many experienced pe-an grow- nourishment in the soil within twenty ER HN & O. NEW YOR
ers take exception with Mr. Post when or thirty feet, the rots will surely find PE H UDERS COR j T EW Y
lie attributes the cause of nqn-bearing it. A deep trench will keep roots out __ Ps
to cutting away the tap root. The nu- of a field for a time, but sooner or la-
merous bearing pecan trees foundi ter they will pass under this and grow |
throughout the South and which we e on the opposite side if there is nourish- orew Worms an
transplanted without tap roots upset ment for the tree there.
that theory. The character of the soil has mucli
Major I. J. Bacon, in his remarks to do with the presence or absence of
upon pecan culture, at a recent meet- a tap root. S
ing of the Georgia State board of en- Many deciduous trees, especially pe-
tomology at Macon, spoke from facts cans, hickories and walnuts, produce in (
gathered during a long personal ex- their natural growth large and deeply sl
perience in pecan culture. He avoided I penetrating roots, and are almost de and
reference to hearsay assertions and void of lateral and small fibrous root- B1
stated that he found by cutting ofi lets; the function of tap root is to hold Eve
tap roots before planting trees made the tree firmly into the soil. and as is s
a thicker growth of side roots and has- well stated by all writers upon struc- I
tened the fruiting period. tural botany, are not absolutely neces
Mr. J. W. Wells, Sr., of Worthington. sary after a tree passes the first years i AU f A
Fla., writes Major Bacon as follows- of growth, and frequently disappear in O ADVA
"I have some experience in pecan cul- older trees, the lateral roots are often I TheaS2
lure, and fully agree with you as to called brace roots, and from these and we h
the pruning the tap root When the their multitude of fibrous rootlets the nL e
tap root is cut off there will come two tree derives its elements of nutrition. only seP iS
or three tap roots, and, I think, is re- Hence a nursery grown tree having Cs, c r
ally an advantage to the tree. There been once or twice transplanted, its I.000 -l-
are several fine trees in and around tap root shortened in, is usually am-
Valdosta that I planted and they are ply provided with lateral roots which the surface, and if one observes forest
doing well." makes its transplanting in permanent trees uprooted by a hurricane the fact
At the annual meeting of the eGor- place more successful than trees hav- will be apparent that large trees are
gia State Horticultural Society at Tal- ing long tap roots and few feeding usually devoid of tap root, but were
lulah Falls on August 2nd, 1899, the roots. Take up one or two year old firmly held by lateral roots near the
following question was asked by Mr. seedling pecan tree, cut off its tap root surface.
E Park. of Macon, and replied by to within a few inches of the crown, Mr. Post says. "Cultivate your trees
by Professor P. II. Iolfs, of the Flor- and in one or two years after trans- as you would corn, and your trees will
ni ': :permnent :-tatlon: planting several strong, deeply pene- come earlier into bearing."
Mr. Park-I planted some pecan trees treating roots will be found, besides This is good sound advice, because
noPtly fifteen inches in height, some an ample supply of rootlets, by cultivating the soil lateral roots are
I'.:ng only six inches above the ground. The late Andrew L. Fuller, in his produced, and consequently more ele-
and the dry weather has killed a great excellent book entitled "The Nut Cul- ments of nutrition are given the tree.
many of them, the tap root being tourist says: Hence Mr. Post's assertion that "the
about twice as long as the top. Does "The habit of hickories is to produce tap root is the feeder of the tree"
it injure the tree to cut off the tap in their earlier stages of growth rath- contrary to every established fact of
root? er large, deeply penetrating, naked vegetable physiology.
Professor Rolfs-I have had a very roots, with few small fibres, and in Mr. Post states that the writer men-
interesting experience along that line. this condition they are not so readily toned that he, Mr. Post, had held back
A number of years ago we had a great or successfully transplanted as the the industry of pecan nut culture for
hurricane in West Florida, and I learn- kinds possessing a more ramified root Georgia.
ed that the pecan grove of Mr. Brown system. This, perhaps, has misled I admit this. but am fully sustain-
had been badly damaged from it. I many persons to believe, that certain -ed in this remark by the numerous let-
went to see it and found that the trees kind of trees like the hickories ters received from would-be planters
that had been uprooted did not have could not be moved at all, or at least who stated that the expense of the
more than two feet of tap root. Up not with any assurance of being made planting a pecan tree according to IMr
to that time Mr. Brown was a strong to live. This idea has become so prey- Post's suggestion is often beyond their
advocate of planting trees with a long alent among inexperienced cultivators, means, and especially that trees having
tap root, but this settled the question and, I regret to add, often reiterated their tap roots cut off would be bar-
with him. Among the trees lost was by theorists, that it has discouraged ren. They let pecans alone and in con
one, Mr. Brown called Helen Har- many who otherwise would have sequence the industry is retarded. It
court, that was a great favorite of his. raised and planted nut trees in prefer- is therefore advisable to plant the nut-
I secured some photographs of these ence to other kinds." where the trees are to remain perma-
trees under protest, but was obliged to During more than forty years as a neatly by all those who wish to follow
promise Mr. Brown that I would not commercial horticulturallst, I have Mr. Post's suggestions if they cannot
come out in the newspapers against learned many things by practical ex- stand the expense of digging a six
him. Mr. Brown has not found it con- perience that are often at variance foot hole. Still, experienced growers,
venlent write on tap root inae, In ith supposed Irrifutable theories, and prefer as a rule. to grow the seedling
the city of Milton, Fla., many pecan one is that the fruitfulless of a nut trees in nersery rows one or two years
trees were blown down and exhibited tree is not impaired in the least by the then select the most vigorous and of
no tap root, and many pecan trees removal of its tap root. Were this best forms of foliage and set in per-
were blown down that had large tap theory correct we would not see the manent grove. Others prefer grafted
roots, numerous pecan groves found through- trees, a subject which will appear in a
President BBerckmans-Had these out the South planted with tap root subsequent issue of the Semi-Week-
trees yielded a crop of nuts? shortened in trees and whose large ly Tournal.-P. .T. Berckmans in Atlan-
Professor Rolfs-They were the best yield of nuts stand as a protest against ta Journal.
trees in his orchard, and gave him 'the untenable assertlons to the contrary... .
best results in a crop of nuts, and he Again, how many prospective pecan PULPIT DIPLOMACY.
very much regretted the loss of his tree planters are not frightened from Jones-That new preacher knows his
trees. Mr. Brown's remark was "do planting trees if a hole six feet deep business.
not say anything more to me about and blasted out with dynamite to form Mrs. Jones-What makes you think
tap roots." a reservoir for root growth 'is to be so?
In the matter of tap rots. they will provided! We were not aware that Mr. Jones-He waited until Bobby
go wherever there is any noiuishment feeding root growth formed so deep got whipped before he tried to COn-
for them in the soil. You plant the into the soil our impression is that such vince him that fighting was wrong.-
tree and it there is any nourishment root growth is usually formed nearer Kansas City Independent.
d Tcks .
Ar Itntly Ke when
used. AbeofilblaSp lnC b or lt
ures a Cat, Kick or Buse, and FootBotia
tte and Sheep. . ... . . . .
,'s LAut Is an Invaluable remedy form
Sas beast. Take internally, it caues Cmtmps
SItisth .. . . . . . .
est Antiseptic Known.
bottle lswarsed. oldbydragIstedalr
ally. FamilylZeSce. Ptmoi-'-o. aasdRjA
.". by DM.EAIL.U&am B.b &. #
ICE AGENT 4i 00
te1 Plow. hard as u a amsU s lin
t plow on earth at any price.
ave other 1 inch plows for Guaranteed to
our or money refunded. Send for Big free Calooe
l u Sulky., ra, lames Ua s W U
lu a., nrmersn, I M or e sth m.
SWte now and et read for spring work.
or HAPIOOD PLOW 00.
Box 754, ALTOI, ILL.
*a. almeiyelwh -ra latmhs.U b Na tenttebsith .
TWO EATING STORIES.
At Somersley we used constantly to
meet Tom Price, a great friend of the
Barrington family, a fine rider and
very greedy. Ong day, eating a good
dinner, he said. "This is my idea of
"Yes," said a neighbor, "such a din-
ner as this without money and with-
He always reminded me of the
greedy man who, coming down stairs
in the morning before breakfast, said:
"Food has not passed my lips since last
night, and tomorrow will be the third
day."-"Sir Algernon West's Recollec-
On account of the scarcity of garden
seeds there will be sold in all prolabil-
ity this year a good many cheap an I
worthless seeds. Be sure you buy
from a reliable house. None better
than Charles E. Friend & Co., Man-
chester, Va. Send for their catalogue.
Will be mailed on application.
"Well, I've learned one thing," he
said as he broke away from the crowd
"What is that?" he was asked.
"Never bet on war news that comes
from Stock Exchange sources."-Chi-
BROMUS INERMIS. 0 TON HAY.
That sounds well-0 tons. That is
what Salzer's Bromus will give you
every time, no matter where you live;
and Victoria Rape costs but 25 cents a
ton to grow, The Million Dollar Po-
tato is immense! Largest vegetable
seed growers in America. Send this
notice with 10 cents for farm seed
samples and catalogue to John A.
Salzer Seed Co., La Crosse, Wis.
THE CriEERFUL IDIOT.
"Every man." said the prosy board-
er, "can carve out his own destinyy"
"'y the use of his own acts," said
the cheerful idiot. Indianapolis
-~-L-- - i--- .---r
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
- .--- -I 110
SNoerway every person over 15
yeres at age can be cremated after
death If he or she has made a declira-
tij- In-the presence of two witieAses.
Fo those under 15 a declaration on
the part of the parents is necessary.
The oyster and strawberry are said
to beh ge greatest of evangelists. They
have built and furnished more church-
es, paid the salaries of more preachers
and helped more heathen than iay
two other natural agencies in the
world.-Reynoldsville, (Pa.) Star.
The German war department, it is
said, actually keeps in stock duplicates
of all of the bridges in the empire con-
sideed likely to be damaged or dc-
etroyed in case of war, and, what is
more, it has duplicates of a good many
French bridges and of bridges of other
countries in which it is intere.te d.- -
In Tupsuselei, in New Guinea, the
houses are built on piles in the open
ocean a good distance from :he .bore.
The object of tlis is to protect the in-
habitants against sudden attacks of
,the kindly head hunters, who always
are on the lookout for victims, w tosvt
heads they need in their business.
Other villages in this happy lapd arc
perched up in all but inaccessible trees
for the same* weighty reason.
Prince Herbert Bismarck, who re-
cently completed his fiftieth year, has
decided to build himself a new house
in the neighborhood of Schloss Fried-
richsrub, but far away from the rail-
way and the highroads. The new
castle is to be a most comfortable mod-
ern dwelling, and it will also be consil-
erably larger than the ancient sch;oss
that was so much beloved by the first
Prince Bismarck and his simple wife.
This old castle is to be used as a mu-
seum for the possession of the late
prince and will be kept in good repair.
As one drives through the country
towns all over Maine one can hardly
fall to notice the frequent old red harn
and oft times a whole set of farm
buildings painted this consp'cious col-
or. Query was made as to the reason
therefore. It seems red pair is cheap-
eat, far cheaper than white lead paint,
and so far as serviceableness gocs lasts
as long and sheds the rain as well.
Long may the little red farmhouse
brighten our New England landscapes.
-Bangor Whig and Courier.
Naturaliste are not at all agreed upon
the points as to whether snakes are
able to fascinate their prey. Certain-
ly they do not possess the power to the
extent that popular belief would have
it. Stories of the weird and mystic in-
fluence of a serpent's eye fall flat in
the face of scientific accuracy.
SWhat can be said of snakes,
however, is that their very appearance
aet'the victim. It cannot move
for friMtr' for its facultes are teo o-
rarily suspended There is no facina-
tion about this, however. It is fright
and right alone.
-Lyddite, amployed.soJargely as-an.
explosive by the British in the South
African war is simply plcric acid
brought into a dense state of fusion.
The shells are coated inside with a
special varnish, and the melted picric
acid is ceasiato them. As this re-
quires a strong detonator, or
a very powerful primer, the pri-
mer in of the picric powder
which consists of a mixture of two
parts of ammonia picrate to three parts
of saltpetre, manufactured in much
the same way as ordinary granulated
gunpowder. This is then set off by
the ordinary service fuse.
It is not generally known that 31.
zii' early manaloiaad Wite" d6i a hit-
ter struggle against poverty and de-
privation. TUntil twenty he was a
spoiled child, but on his father's death
he and his mother began the battle of
life in Paris. Of this dark time Zola'
uiuseir says: "'ronen I went hungry
for so long a time that it seemed as
though I must die. I scarcely tasted
meatfrom one month's end to another.
and for two days I lived on three ap-
ples. Fire even on the coldest nights
was an undreamed of luxury, and I
was the happiest man in Paris when I
could get a candle, by the light of
which I might study at night."
The old German housewife had a
strange way of keeping track of the
clothes she gave out to be washed. It
was nothing less than a pictorial and
perpetual wash list. There was no
possibility of making such an error as
to mistake the abbreviation Sh. for
shirts of St. stockings. She ha;l
pictures of each article and simply
wrote down the number of each thing
opposite its picture with a piece of
chalk, which was erased when the
thing was returned and used again on
the following week.--Cleveland Lead-
Scientists are greatly interested in
the case of Lionel Brett, a Massachu-
setts boy of eleven, and the accounts of
the boy, although almost incredible,
appear to be well vouched for. There
is nothing unusual in his appearance,
and yet he has the most wonderful
pair of eyes ever set in a human head.
His sight, it is stated, penetrates sub-
stances in the same fashion as the X-
rays. The wan, drawn features of
the little fellow and the eccentricity
of his accomplishments have created a
furore in the medical profession, and
he had been found very useful in cases
of accidents and other mishaps where
it is found necessary to examine the
interior of a patient's body.
We have received some very earnest
requests to continue the discussion on
corn culture. We very cheerfully do
so, not because we desire to parade
our little erperlence before the pub-
lic, but because we are glad to see that
more attention is being given to this
We had a long and varied experi-
ence planting corn on shallow soil.
But while our experience was varied
in many respects it was uniform in
two particulars. The yield was never
satisfactory, and the soil uniformly
grew poorer and poorer.
We were never disappointed with
the results of subsoiling. Wherever
we made the soil from twelve to fif-
teen inches deep the yield of corn was
We sympathize with those who hesi-
tate along this line. We hesitated quite
a good while before we could muster
up courage enough to break away
from our well fixed habit of haste and
Seeing a field of corn that made one
hundred bushels per acre we began
Uses Pe-ru-na i
CAPITOL BUILDING, SALEM, OREGON.
A Letter Fro the Exeetive Ofee of Oregon.
The Governor of Oregon is an ardent its victims. Pe-ru-na not only cures ca-
admirer of Pe-ru-na. He keeps it con- tarrh, but prevents. Every household
tinually in the house. In a recent let- should be supplied with this great rem-
ter to Dr. Hartian he says: edy for coughs, colds and so forth.
STATA or ORnoow, It will be noticed that the Governor
Exctrcuiv DEPARTMn H says he has not had occasion to use Pe-
SALMx, May 9,18 ru-na for other ailments. The reason
The Pe-ru-naMedicineCo,Columbus,O.: for this is, most other ailments begin
Dear Sirs:-I have had occasion to use with a cold. Using Pe-ru-na to prompt-
your Pe-ru-na medicine in my family ly cure colds, he protects his family
for colds, and it proved to be an excel- against other ailments. This is exactly
lent remedy. I have not had occasion what every other family in the United
to use it for other ailments. States should do. Keep Pe-ru-na in the
Yours very truly, W. M. Lord. house. Use it for coughs, colds, la
Any man who wishes perfect health grippe, and other climatic affections of
must be entirely free from oatarrh. Ca- winter, and there will be no other all-
tarrh is well-nigh universal; almost ments in the house. Such families
omnipresent. Pe-ru-na is the only abso- should provide themselves with a copy
lutesafeguard known. Acoldisthebe- of Dr. Hartman's free book, entitled
ginning of catarrh. To prevent colds, "Winter Catarrh." Address Dr. Bahr
to cure colds, is to obhet catarrh out of man. Columbus. Ohio.
reasoning this way. "If this field can
support enough stalks to prloduct-
good full ears enough to make one
hundred bushels per acre why may not
any other field be made to do the
same?" We thought and figured over
that question several months. We fin-
ally decided that it was a question of
the mechanical condition of the soil,
plant food and water. We could not
see why the plant food and water could
not be supplied if the mechanical con-
dition was made which it ought to be.
At any rate we decided to try deep
plowing and cross plowing and har-
rowing, and then using all the manure
we could get up to put on the stalks
and watched the effect.
We believe that experience showed
that the ocean of earth water never
went dry. Hence, if the hard-pan was
thoroughly broken why should not the
roots penetrate deep down towards this
water supply? We soon found this to
be true. We also found another thing
we had not looked for. Capillary at-
traction came to our help, and the
drier and hotter the weather the more
help we got from this source. So to
our great joy we found that upland
could and did supply plenty of water
as well as the bottom land.
In this way we felt our way along
to deeper and deeper plowing and we
found we could use manure freely
without risk. As we plowed deeper
and used more manure we found we
could put more stalks per acre.
Thus we worked our way up to
about eight thousand stalks. And
these gave us from sixty to one hun-
dred bushels of good, heavy corn per
The land on which we obtained these
results was so poor that we feel no
hesitancy in saying that what we did
can be done on almost any land. Deep
and thorough plowing and frequent
harrowing will turn loose a great store
of plant food which has not been avail-
able while the land was scratched and
But no doubt many of my readers
are ready to say, "that will do very
well for seasonable years." "It will
do to plant thick and manure highly
when we have plenty of rain." So it
will and it is more important to do so
when we have dry seasons. The dry
season is the very time when you will
find this sort of farming pays best.
The corn roots finding a heavier de-
mand made upon them will go deeper,
and the capillary tubes for the same
reason will be more active.
You will, of course, find that in dry
years you must plow oftener to keep
your dust blanket in better condition
to prevent evaporation.- This plowing
should be very shallow but done very
thoroughly. You want dust, not small
clods. Millions of sun dried brickbats
will not do the work. It must be dust,
pulverized soil The finer the better.
We might go on into details, but the
intelligent farmer can easily supply
most of these. No particular make of
plow is needed. There are many good
plows that will do this work.
The great point is this. Select from
your best land enough to be certain you
will have corn to sell and corn to keep
and prepare it thoroughly and culti-
vate it well Corn will be in demandd
next fall. So will all kinds of stock
that eat corn. "Wars and rumors of
wars" raise the price of everything to
eat, but depress the price of cotton.
Cotton would have been half a cent
higher for months past, but for the
Philippine and South African wars.
Plant plenty of corn and do not expect
a higher price for cotton next fell.
A good time to suberlibe.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Col. Johnston on Agriculture.
Our esteemed friend, Col. Johnstoi
of the Bartow Courier-Informant, at
mits that he is no farmer and that h
knows but little about farming. A
the earnest solicitation of many of hi
subscribers, however, he tells what h
knows in the following editorial. H
This subject is not our own special
ty, in fact we can tell the little w
know in a very few words, while i
would require volumes to tell wha
we do not know, but in deference t
the expressed wishes of some of ou
readers we propose this essay.
Adam was the first diversified farm
er mentioned in history, and while
there is nothing on record to show hov
many pounds or how many bushels h,
produced per acre, it is reasonable ti
suppose he was the most successful
farmer of his day, since he eultivatet
a virgin soil, the "garden spot" of thi
world and did not owe any man a dol
lar. While he respected Nature's greal
law of diversity, he prospered and wai
happy, but when he made a specialty
of the apple, he lost his inheritance<
and his posterity, have not regained ii
to this day. We may be classed as a
suburban farmer, and since we adopt.
ed that style of farming we have taR.
en or more observation than experi-
ence. It is our observations that you
get more information out of observa-
tional farmers that you can from the
experimental farmer. When a man
can't farm any other way he will farm
with h's tongue or his pen. Anybody
can tell you more about it than the
man who is doing the work, but the
value of the information is a very dif-
ferent matter. We believe that valu-
able information and experiences
should be done up In small packages
and distributed on the principle that
our congressmen distribute seed, where
they will do the most good.
Among suburban farmers there is a
marked partiality for rye, and the best
methods of consumption claim more
attention than the best methods of pro-
duction. The rural farmer chiefly
values it because it is a good crop for
winter platurage, but the suburban
brother considers it good grazing all
the year rouna, and especially when it
acquires the title of "Old Rye." Corn
is one of the original inhabitants of
this country and our first knowledge of
it dates back to the time when Colum-
bus discovered that the Indian raise,
it, but with the assistance of our ag-
gressive civilization we have developed
the product to the point where it
raises more of the Indians than they
do of it. The bulk of the corn crop is
planted in the spring of the year.
though about Ghristma, picnic and
election times seem to be the favorite
times for extensive planting. The most
generally accepted theory for pleasant
tillage, and perhaps the most popular
practice for city farmers is to cultivate
it with a spoon, and raise It in a glass.
It keeps well in jugs and at all seasons
of the year, except when evaporation
strikes it, which generally happens
sooner or later when put up in that
form. The logic of experience says
do't. ppt up all your corn in jugs,
thought in the so-called prohibition
towns in Florida there is more corn
shipped in Jugs to consumers than at
any previous time in their history.
Cotton ie a good crop to grow in you"
imagination. It is a good crop to
your neighbor who refmus to join
fences with yon. It is a good crop
for Egypt. It Is a good crop, perhaps,
for any country that is hot enough,
with perhaps a single exception, and
that is an undiscovered country from
which no traveler has ever returned,
and which Henry Ward Beecher in-
sisted wa. too cold for cotton, or words
to that effect. This however, raises a
geographical question which has no
direct bearing upon the subject Our
advice to you, which is about all we
have to put into the contribution box,
because it constitutes our principal in-
come as a country editor, is, if you
must plant cotton to plant it in the
dark of the moon. If you have no land
in that quarter of the moon, plant it
in the full of the moon. Mind the in-
struction, it is the moon that must be
full, not the planter. A mistake right
here is often fatals to the crop. Be
sure you plant it somewhere in the
moon if you expect to make it profit-
In the vegetable line the Irish pota-
to holds undisputable sway over the
popular heart and one of the chief
pleasures attending the cultivation of
it is the element of delightful uncer-
tainty there is about it. You can al-
ways calculate with reasonable cer-
tainty as a good crop of potatoes or
bugs is sure and the beauty of it is
that ng human calculation can tell
which. You may plant potatoes and
they will bring bugs, but you may
plant double the quantity of bugs per
acre and they will not produce a pota-
to. The Irish potato was originally
used for raising orators and we are in-
debted to this vegetable for some of
the grandest names in the civil and
military history of the world. When
potato growing was an infant industry,
struggling for protection against the
pauper labor of the bugs, potatoes
commanded good prices, but when the
bugs got missed the prices went down
Among the spontaneous fruits of
Florida the blackberry is par excel-
lence and distinguished above all oth-
ers, not so much by name as by asso-
ciation. The curse which the apple
brought upon the race through Adam,
brought the briar into existence and
the blackberry is the compensation.
This delicious fruit with the asnsitafnce
of the "watah milyun" has done more
to promote individual liberty and sum-
mer recreation among the colored pop-
ulation than the 15th amendment to
the Constitution of the United States,
We respectfully commend the use of
the blackberry to our lady friends, be-
cause it is tree from the deadly sus-
picion of flies. While fies have been
found in everything else, there is not a
man, woman or child living who has
found a fly in blackberry Jam.
We endorse the cucumber as a de-
fensive weapon of warfare and when
it is introduced into the ranks of an in-
vading army it will do more damage
at short range than a gatling gun.
Watermelons are most successfully
raised at night. They are oftener plant-
ed in boys and negroes than anywhere
else. According to the census report
it appears that the poultry crop is
worth more than any single product of
this country, but this is a very norrow
view to take of the subject when we
consider the direct influence of fried
chicken upon our civilization.
Anybody can tell you how profitable
it is to raise Berkshire hogs, Jersey
cattle, Shorthorns, Holsteins and
Southdones, but we must insist that
there is another view of the subject
When we go back to trace up the foot-
steps of nature we find that the "ra-
zor backs" was the original hog of our
forests. He is the speediest of all the ID N
hog family, as well as the most enter- f w O N UE
CUT wee Sb A& MR A
prising. In his natural state nothing re to usn, s
osM and Ula
can catch him. To this day he can out sum Is msim
run a hog thief on a dead level and he t s --- n
is the only hog adapted by nature to r *zpi.n.
an exclusively cotton growing country.
He can jump through the crack of a one sursarina
fence four inches wide on full run, by oud f t
a simple twist from a perpendicular to a j s
a horizontal position. If meat and
beauty are objects worth striving for, s aw o r
no doubt, you will choose some of the mP hs
high bred aristocracy of the still house r
and swill tub, but if you want unadul- a-0 ~-- ,ffl "
terated hog, pure from the hands of sh I'Su ,
nature, stick to the razor backs. This Cedr r Pladh C S S Si
I h m f *t aftm.t fW n ai, =
WANTED-Several bright and hon- awoy y msiBoi e ih uos bm "
eat persons to repre<.ent nus a mansa- .beagihsi .Sll s.sIl .dt
era of this and close by counties. Sal- a* t
ary $900 a year and expenses. Straight
bona-fide, no more no less, salary. Po- T i -
sition permanent. Our references, any
bank in any town. It is mainly office 7l O E
work conducted at home. Reference. That will kile
Enclose self addressed stamped enve- all the weeds
lope. THE DOMINION COMPANY. in your lawns
Dep. 8, Chicago. If you keep
WE STILL HAVE A FEW sotheyo uot
so they do not
Nice Satsuma oranges on Trifoliata go to seed,
stocks, entirely unhurt by cold. Also and cut your
a grass without
peaches, plums, grapes, etc., including breaking the small feeders of roots
the famous James Grape. A few the grass will become thick and
thousand Trifolita seedlings yet un- weeds will disappear. Send for
sold. Prices low. Freight is paid. t J WL
THE CLIPFR WILL DO IT
Summit Nurseries. CLIPPER LAWN MOWER O0.
Monticello. Fla. Norristowa. Pa
when they help in the e Lanid S gr of nm aep
the Liquid exlraet of8moke
growing of Johns on by Krauer Bro., of Miltona
Stokes eeds. There's The liquid a appslie with a DIruh
pleasure in the sowing. a ponge and the meat can be hung is
garret or other *af place, away o
pleasure in the growing, thieveeitber urm-legedor Iwpma
pleasure in the reaping. Kruser's Liquid Bxtract of uo=e
Our new enatu prpard.. from. selected hicko wee
oIont in s t the sme ngredints that
Garden an meat when the wood Is burned under It i
smoke-house. It improve the flvo of I
ls perfectly healthful and Is abtte
Farmt annual a ses than the old w of
The manuufturers wI ad eirsl~ to ar
shown the reulf attained one interested.
n d o 0 exaton.
SI t nd *18l rL tU KUSAS LUUI EXTRACT
P~llrelL( P ~ se im ski.r
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Seriously Wounded. 1
moib of mtiing a mdy am Am-
imst-msr. Mlr a 3Iautg, of Ban-
d1iph, Neb., Owes mHi L
The following story told by Mr. Bilsell
will be red with considerable interest:
In the sum-
S ,. mer of '98 Z1 ns-
S I, stained a serious
*'-l injury by having
the tines of a
~ me in the left
oon healed, but
SI did not enjoy
the same health
I had previous to
the accident, and
it was but a short
Frk S c in tea nee. that I was com-
pelled to take to my bed on account of the
mvere pain throughout my limbs and the
stifeess of the joints. A physician was
called and the knee lanced three different
times. The disease was at firstcalled sciatic
rheumatisn, but afterward the physician..
dedigfawd it as blood poison. During thib
time .as all run down physically and it
seemed to me that I had hardly any blood.
y kidneys, heart and lungs all seemed
f.eeted, and once when I happened to
brise one of my fingers the blood seemed to
be light and watery and not the color it
aoud be. I had five different physicians.
They said that the upper portion of one ol
my lungs had become affected and I could
me that they did not entertain very much
I was confined to my bed for eleven
weeks ad derived but slight benefit from the
treatment that had been given. One day in
the course of a conversation with a cousin,
he remarked that I might try Dr. Williams:
Pink Pills for Pale People.
"Perfectly willing to try any medicine
that seed likely to cure me. I began
taking the pills. n about three weeks a
noticeable improvement was observed.
OUiing in health and andidenee in the
eurauv powers or the piiis i fiiowed di.
retion closely, and took in all ten or
"The stiffest in my joints and the severe
pains had left me and. I felt like myself
again. I veril believe Dr. Williams' Pink
F~iifor Pale People saved my life.
"Anyone who would like to hear more of
my sufferig and remarkable oure can do so
Stalling on me or addressing me care of
.. Lvingston, Baald6lph, tSb.
SBaueribed and sworn to before me this
21d day of Nov., 1899.
K 0. Fn fis, jroneAy ul s
All the elements necessary to give new
life mnd riehness to the blood and restore
tattred nerves are contained, in a con-
denad erm, in Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
r Pale People. At dragi or direct from
Tr. WNlrM MYdltPpi s a, l Sohene-
mdy N. Y., 50 emat per box, oraiix boxes
Hiant to Houekeepers.
Put a little lemon juice or vinegar
In the kettle in which cauliflower or
cabbage is being boiled in. It will al-
ways serve to keep it white while
cooking. It also whitens and keeps
firm fh meot. Apropo of lolling
cabbages, the cook of one family man-
ages this process without the usual dis-
agreeable smell coming from it. Her
secret, she says, Is in cooking the vege-
table very slowly, practically stewing
it, in fact, and keeping the pot close-
A delicacy that is only now finding
its way to exclusive tables is the pre-
served kumquats which come to us
from China. These are tiny oranges,
preserved with marvelous skill that on-
ly Chinese preserve makers attain,
and are a delicious and novel sweet
for dessert. They are packed in at-
tractive little stone pots.
The habit of sucking the thumb, so
often practiced by children, is greatly
to be condemned. Not only does the
child find It diffcull to lose the habit.
but the result Is often an unsightly
The apple is the most wholesome
fruit that one can eat, provided it be
perfectly ripe, and is eaten during
meals, says a prominent physician. It
is a moot nutritive frut, and more
asdly digated than any other food.
Salt placed in damp rooms will ab-
sorb the moisture.
Serve soutflel In separate courses;
omelettes also. Small sandwiches, or
bread and cheese, may be passed with
them. A fish souffle will take the place
of a fish course.
ffhe nursery should always be pro-
vided with a bottle of good sweet oil;
because if, at the very beginning of a
cold, the chest and back and the lower
part of the throat are rubbed with it.
the child gets a good nights rest, and
that always acts favorably. A little oil
put over the bridge of the nose pre-
vents it from getting closed up and im-
peding the breathing.
Babies should not be taken out in
the thich foge-the damp and ewmke
gets into their little throats and chests,
and make their eyes smart. In ex-
tremely frosty weather, with a north
or east wind blowing and an absence
of sun, babies ought not to go out. It
is simply too bitter cold for their del-
icate organizations, and to expose them
is to court croup or sore throat, if not
bronchitis and Inflammation of the
To take stains off the fingers, keep
a piece of cut lemon on your wash-
stand and rub the spot with this prev-
Ilam to wrttlnx. If thin in eat anrrgn-
ful try a piece of pumice soap. Even
the pulp of a lemon, which has had the
juice taken from ft, is useful for this
Do not allow paints to be cleaned
with soap or soda. Ammonia is far
better. Use one tablespoonful to each
nillun of wr-at r rtmiaul t2 s!*?n the
For use in polishing knives a good
device is formed by two flat pieces of
material, having polished cushions on
their opposing faces, the upper mem-
ber being pivoted on the lower to admit
the knife blade between the two.
Olives, celery and salted nuts are
passed between the courses to prepare
the palate for the dishes wh!ih are to
raising Young Chickens.
Perhaps the subject of raising chic'ks
may be so old, nothing new can be
said to help us who are willing to ac-
cept new ideas; but I have been very
successful in this line, have tried var-
ious methods and find raising by hand
the most satisfactory. The old hen
beats all the incubators. I set tw1 or
three hens at once, taking the chicks
away as soon as hatched, as they then
never miss their mother, place them
In a blanket in warm flannel for twen-
ty-four hours. I have ready a home-
made brooder with a glass window for
cover. This brooter I make in two
compartments with slide piece or door
in the center so that I can close it, in
order to place the food In one side
before allowing them to get in there.
I put chaff from hay on the floor of
the brooder and scatter in this millet
seed for which they will scratch and
dig. I great faith in a sort of bread
made of bran or shorts and corn meal,
half and half, a little bone meal added.
the whole mixed with sour milk and
the whole well baked. Put a piece of
this right in the coop and the chicks
will pick and pick at it. They look so
clean and happy, no lice when once rid
of them, which, of course, is done on
taking out of the nest. I never give
the young chickens anything but milk
to drink for two weeks. This I put in-
to a saucer and turn a cup upside
down in it. Ihey can all drink with-
out getting wet. More chickens die
from drinking too much and getting in-
to cold water than are ever raised. I
have watched them until the water es-
caped out of their mouths as fast as it
went in. Chicks have no Benne. Let
us have the sense and give them just
enough and no more.
Last year I raised so many chicks
I had no room for them and was ob-
liged to dispose of them. I go to my
neighbors and see dead chicks lying
around. The old hen has trampled
them down and they have been drown-
ed. I keep this house brooder perfect-
ly clean. Every day it is renewed. I
have ready an outdoor brooder similar
to this and on warm days the chicks
go out on the ground and grass. I
have a little place for dusting, and
they just get into that too quick and I
Change them about from place to p!aoe.
When they are four weeks old I put
them into a good warm coop with a
glass door on hinges, and a small slide
at one corder to let them in and out.
-Correspondent in Pacific Poultry-
Utilizing a Muck Swamp.
My advice to one owning a muck
swamp which he wishes to use for fer-
tilizing purposes, would be first to
send a fair average sample to his ex-
periment station for analysis and ad-
VlT6. It the report Is encouraging, the
next step would be to drain off as
much water as possible. Muck swamps
are generally drowned in water.
It is not advisable to cart green muck
very far. If instead of carting from
our five acre muck swamps, so many
green loads down to the barn to com-
poft WITh llIlltnlu we ian Bprallai it on
the field where the compost was subse-
quently applied, and had carted up the
manure and sprinkled in on the top of
the muck, much labor would have been
saved and just as much ripening would
have been given to all the material by
Its exposure lying upon the field, as it
could get in the compost. In another
case where we composted green muck
drawn from the swamp and manure
drawn from the stable on the field mid-
way the two points and near where it
was to be applied later, it is doubtful
if the trouble or piling and turning
paid. It were better, as in the pre-
vious case, to have spread both togeth-
er on the land as carted, and to have
left the decomposition to be carried on
by the weather.
It is doubtful if it will pay the dairy
farmer to dump muck upon the upland
to be partially dried and pulverized that
he may afterwards cart it half a mile
to compost with manure. It may be
profitable practice for greenhouse
work, and, perhaps, for the truck
grower, but other methods are better
for the dairyman. But when good
swamp muck can be so dried on the
upland that a 40 or 50 bushel load is
not too heavy for the team, any farm-
er can well afford to haul it two or
three miles and perhaps further, to 1
used when further dried as an absorb-
ent In the stable to take up liquid ma-
If the farmer wishes to increase the
bulk of his manure pile, as he certain-
ly should, let him use plenty of absorb-
ents and keep the manure away from
detrimental action of the weather. Add
light composting materials that will
rot, as much as he wishes, but do not
let him cart very muyth dirt into the
barnyard.-American A agriculturist.
It is a good plan to apply a heavy
dressing of stable manure to both the
asparagus and rhubarb beds in good
season as a protection through the
m'.at""s .r Jesse Marden'
W HAND SEED-DILL
sow Beet, Cro Prmip, Turnip.
R uts.Bga, Onion, and aol on.l oa
llll i PAGEU 11111l
T ,E PEN IS IIINTIER
i the swor If the Pen in made of Puse imos.
PAGE WOVI WIRE FENCE I O,ADBIAIN,lICL
S2.78 BOX RAIN COAT
A IACSMUO 3 AER- $2175
ND NO MONEY. C this out
hssims srened bed t %ree, isisa
eWt mirem lo, Owe spndr % and
we rill send you tis oat by expr
C.o.5, L-.t :..e Ex
intne and try it on your nearee
Sepress oDei Is 3 bm ti
W reme p sWh sad tsa
yi ea e r saw r bod oIr, ad
.. agent ora
CO i full Itnt. double bated,
-Sar elvet calr. oHcy "' Utp.
.waterroom seedeamu i. Suitb eor
both 1.r 0 .0 and saaeltoe
RSailavS TAU ier fererm by us or
any other h'ure. IV.r Fre Celi Seasipn
f M.oni' Mankintoash no to .0A0.
____ __ I
THE SICK ARE
ABd the Weak are Restored to Full Vilor
and Strenth at the Hands of the Great-
et Healer of ..Iodern Times.
Have yon any pain or ache or weakness
Are Yo Does your blod show thatitcontainsim-
SLk, p tle? Are you nervous? Do you lack
ap and activity of mind anybody? Are
Seaallirfd? Have ro
Sa ition s there any
unnatural drain upon the
system? Is every organ per*
ormin, Its roper tfdne.
tion? In Other Words:
Are You a Perrently
Strong, Active, Vigor-
ous, Healthy, HSawsIy
Man or WomanT
SInot, you should not de-
la, one day before you con.
stit a specialiston to
whom the human body isan
open book and who under-
stands every pdhseof weak.
ness and disease and to
4 gfor a cure is as-simple s
the. ai ..l o l O el r .n a.J.NEWTON
The Leadig BATaAW has been theleadin
Silellat N t& ccaia oofthis ountri. Hisprac.
Spe-al-l-i ti. o has been for years larger man
thatof all other specialistcomblned. Hiscuresofall
rorts of diseased conditions have been the marvel of
the medical profeeeion andthe people generally. Bi
ame has spread into every town and every amlet.
Those afflictedwithbal mannerofdieseehavesooght
his services n order that they might be ade while
by the admintering of his wonderful system of trnat
men. Wrecks of humanity have come to him for
consultation and mediclnee, who a few month- later
have returned to him In most vigorous health to give
l .a him their thanks.
All D Dr.athaway treats all disease
O d. those peculiar to men and those
peculiar to women, as wen as
Catarr heumatfm, Kidney Complaints, Eczema
Vareisu a treatment of varicocele and
strhstam. Stricture without the aid of knife
or cautery isphenomena The
patient Is trelled by this method at his own homn
withoutpainor lossof time from businew. This il
non ot n trers frotm vareia and lBricire
pages 2M8A, and S1 of his new book which will be
Ee- w- sentfreeon aolication.
r e ^ Evor tverrase taken by Dr. Hathaway
sis specily treated according to Is.
Tre s natureall underhis generalpersonal
uervisio andal reedisused by
him are roared from the purestand beetdrusr
his own aborto nder his personal ovMt
and all from special presriPtlos of his own.
Dr. athaw maes no charge for oaul-
LW tton or advice, either at his oee or by
S mal, and whena car taken the one low
tee4rs all ost of medicines and pmess.
S. UNWTON NATIAWAWV 1. .
Dr. Boatlewar a o.,
35 Bryia Street, Savannah, 0.
MaMTION THIS PAPKB WHEN WZU~BIO.
do you grow P
pftayou.Cr garden going to yield this
earT Alu CepemO on the ed. Saw r
lad tbe hales you'll imap riLgt. ow
a nd you'll get the npeatsutytsi_ --
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. a
Address al oemnor'tloe- to the
editor, W. 0. Steel, Switurland, Fla.
My theme's a land where summer
Through countless ages, o'er and
Of pleasures in that sunny clime,
Within the veil of Thermidor.
There Myrtles bloom of gaudy hues,
And roses as though dyed with gore,
And Allamanda's yellow disks.
Wave in the breeze at Thermidor.
There through the day with blithsome
The mocking bird its song doth pour;
At night the noiseless whippoorwill,
His paeon sounds at Thermidor.
There curlews cleave the sparkling
And cranes on rapid pinions soar,
And frogs with nightly revels loud
Send greeting to fair Thermidor.
May I while passing through the
Though many lands I may explore,
Remember well the many charms
Of golden-tinted Thermidor.
Hillsborough County, Fla.
*The name of the author's Flor ida
We publish this week two original
contributions, a poem entitled Thermi-
dor, and a description of Antignon lep-
topus, by Mrs. Perkins. These were
written long ago but mislaid, and only
sent to us during the past week.
Not long ago we wrote of Antignon,
but it cannot be too highly recommend-
ed, and it seems to take "line upon
line," to impress these things upon the
people of Florida. In Florida, this
vine, when once established, needs no
care beyond providing a support upon
which it may climb.
By hardy plants, the people usually
mean such as will endure the climate
without injury. It Is a comparative
term, of only local application, for
what is hardy In one place is killed
every winter in another.
For example, many things can be
grown out of doors the year round at
Key West, which cannot be grown in
this part of the State, except as house
plants, during the winter.
Again, we can grow in North Florida
many plants that even in the latitude
of Washington, D. C., are killed to the
ground every winter. February, like
January, opened with very cold weath-
er; the morning of the second the
thermometer was a fraction below
23 degrees, for a short time.
Four nights in January and one in
February, the thermometer was below
thirty: three times to 24 or below.
Plants that survived these freezes
may be counted hardy in this part of
the State and South.
On our own place Bignonla Thunber-
giana, Jasminum revolutum and Budd-
lea Lindleyana are absolutely uninjur-
ed. Melia Sempervirens, an evergreen
form of the "China tree," has lost its
leaves, but only the tips of tender
growth are killed. Oleanders will lose
most of their leaves and some tender
growth. Of herbaceous plants, Pe-
tunias and Antirrhinum, (Snap drag-
on), are unhurt, Maurandia and Ni-
cotiana ainis, though somewhat hurt,
are still green and seem likely to sur-
vive. Lophospermum scandens in the
open ground was killed to the ground;
under a lath shelter ih unhurt. Some
Idea of the degree oC cold these plants
endured may be ul're clearly under-
stood when we say that the "hardy"
Yellow Cattley guara bushes lose al-
most all their leaves and the Red Cat-
ley leaves are hurt.
We should be glad to hear from as
many of our readers as possible on this
subject Give the degree of cold at
your place and list of shrubs and
plants which survived, with such par-
ticulars as are convenient. We should
be very glad indeed to receive a large
number of such lists. Do not excuse
yourself because you have never writ-
ten for publication. Any one who can
write at all, can tell how cold it was,
and write list of names of plants that
are not hurt and those partially killed
but still living. If several are receiv-
ed they will be worked up into one ar-
ticle unless specially prepared and in-
tended for publication. No names will
be published without permission.
To our regular contributors, who
have been rather remiss lately, we sug-
gest that here is a subject ready to
your hands; let us hear from you all
The Gazania is not often seen in cul-
tivation, except occasionally in some
greenhouse-and sometimes in a vase
in a garden.
The leaves and stems are somewhat
fleshy, and in habit of growth, it is
trailing, like some of the Mesem-
bryanthemums. We bed 'hem out
and they grow to be very large plants,
producing large, bright, shining yellow
flowers, marked at the base of petals
with black and white.
It is very easily propagated; cuttUug
rooting easily in soil or sand. Grow
it in a sandy soil, and it will give
In Bermuda where it grows in a n.it-
ural state in rocky waste places, it
forms large patches. The common
name for it there Is "Noon-day-glory."
The seeds are offered by some seeds-
men, but we have had poor success
with them thus far. Anemos.
The Antignon Ieptopus.
For the Floral Department.
This most desirable vine is one of
the glories of the Western Hemis-
phere, so rich in its flora, especially in
the more tropical regions which have
given us so many greenhouse favor-
This is more particularly true of
Central America, the native habitat
of the Antigonon leptopus, or Rosa de
Montana, a vigorous and graceful
climber which has very beautiful flow-
ers of a peculiar shade of crimson
scarlett which hangs in racemes some-
times two feet long.
It surely deserves the cognomen of
"the queen of vines." One of its best
points is that it is comparatively har-
dy. enduring the winters with slight
protection, south of Washington.
It is not an evergreen, but sprouts
from its tubers, each succeeding spring
and grows with great rapialty. It
seeds freely, and germinates readily
if the seeds are soaked in warm water
until they swell, and then planted in
moist soil. -Tubers soon form, and if
the conditions are favorable they
thenceforth flourish with but little
During the past summer we saw a
deserted residence in Orange county,'
covered from the ground to the eaves
with this exquisite vine.
One of the finest houses in Tarpon
springs has its extensive verandas
completely curtained in with this love-
ly climber, and for months together its
wonderful flowers hang their torches
amid the darkness of all that greenery,
and continue far into November to il-
luminate the tent-like spread of vines.
It is quite as hardy, but not nearly
so widey disseminated as the "Moon-
flower," which is very common, even
in Washington, where it blooms in
sheltered places far into the winter,
keeping its abundant foliage fresh and
The Antigonon leptopus needs only
to be introduced to become a universal
favorite. Where the summers are
short it should be given a southern ex-
posure, and had better be planted in
a large box of earth, and protected
from the long and severe cold of such
Where the winters are mild it should
be in the open soil, and covered so as
not to be affected by occasional
freezes. Mrs. Jennie S. Perkins,
Washington, D. C.
Begonias in Flodida.
In the last number of The Mayflow-
er, one of our contributors, "E. Flor-
ida," has something to say on the sub-
ject of Begonias, which we copy for
the benefit of our readers:
"Mrs. S. Edwards, of N. Y., in a
back Mayflower, requests information
regarding Begonias. That request
touched a responsive chord; but who
can held burning incense on their
shrine? They come to us with indls-
cribable beauty, painted by the hand
of Nature on their foliage. They ab-
sorb the metals of the soil and repro-
duce them in their foliage, in mark-
ings of gold and silver, copper and
bronze, malachite and chrysalite.
"Some of the species have deeply
clefted foliage frosted and marbled in
artistic designs. Bertha McGregor
answers to this meager description,
besides having a dark palm-like centre.
Louise Closson is unique. It is of crepe-
like texture, with a zone of rosy pur-
ple. The foliage appears to be illumi-
nated. Queen Victoria with quaker
colored foliage, ribbed with crimson
and fluted edge, is most lovely. And
Countess Louise Erdody is curiosity,
its lobes at the base of the leaves wind
in a spiral-like way.
"Many there are who are afraid to
engaged in growing this beauti-
ful and interesting genus of plants.
They are as easily grown
as Geraniums and they attract and
hold you spellbound by their distingue
air. The cultural directions are simple.
They must have rich soil, good drain-
age, and not an over-abundance of wa-
"Rex Begonias are shadow-loving
plants, otherwise they all appear to
enjoy their morning sunshine, which
peeps in at them through the climbing
Roses. In Florida they set on the
north porch nearly the year round."
We have Just received from Mc-
Gregor Bros., florists, 'of Springfield,
Ohio, a collection of roses .for trial
They send 20 for $1.00 by mail, post-
paid. At that price we should expect
.very small, plants;. but we. are sur-
prfsed to find them very good plants,
as good as the average mallng size,
and exceeding well rooted. While
the collection does not contain the
latest novelties, the selection is good
and would satisfy almost any one.
Their new catalogue Is just out and
will be sent on application.
For Hi BRst Girl.
The following from the Mayflower,
contains a suggestion which we com-
mend to our readers. Such bulbs as
are recommended are not now avail-
able, in fact, the Hyacinths seldom
prove satisfactory in Florida. All va-
rieties o fNarcissus do well here and
may be left in the ground undisturbed
for years. But there are other bulbs
and plants which can be had very
cheaply, especially Gladiolus bulbs and
Roses. These would prove in many
cases much more satisfactory as pres-
ents than many of the utterly useless
and worthless things often given. This
applies not only to lovers, but also to
friends and relatives:
"It's a poor rule that won't work
both ways. If a young man is easily
influenced for bad he is just as easily
influenced the other way; yet few wo-
men realize the fact. Not long ago, I
found my husband's farm hand (a very
quiet, sensible young man of twenty),
poring over a catalogue of sham Jewel-
ry. silk handkerchief, etc. He looked up
with a smile as I came into the room
"'I am looking for something to send
my best girl Christmas; a bre tapin or
a silk handkerchief, you know.'
"'How much will you pay? I asked
'Oh, about fifty cents or a dollar.'
he replied, looking at me in surelr se.
'Don't you think It would bew ni~c? lie
'I wouldn't do it, Richard, if I were
you; such things as that put a girl in
a false position, and my dear boy, you
know that in every neighborhood there
are people who are looking out for
such things to make talk about. If
your girl is the kind I think you would
like your girl to be a few flowers would
suit her a great deal better, and she
could show them to her friends with-
out any misgivings as to what people
would say. For fifty cents you can
send a dozen Roman Hyacinths, or a
dozen Paper White Narcissus, or three
Chinese Sacred Lilies to grow in a
bowl of water.'
"To my surprise he Jumped at the
idea and was so carried away by it
t4at one of these days the following
order will go to my florist: (Of course
these names are fictitious.)
"'Please send to following address,
Miss Lena Rivers, Mountain City, Tex-
as, the following bulbs: Three Chi-
nese Sacred Lilies. Kindly enclose my
card in package, and oblige, Yours
respt., Richard Moss.' Or the order
may read one dosen Roman Hyacinths,
or one dozen Paper White Narcissus.
"His card will tell who the bulbs are
from, and what nicer present could a
girl receive? Will there not be a thrill
of pleasure when these flowers bloom
that no sham jewelry can give? Al-
lowing five weeks for the Chinese Sa-
cred Lilies to come to perfection by
Christmasmorning, two weeks for the
order to reach her, I shall write the
order for him during the last days of
October. And if she is not pleased
with the present when Christmas
comes she is a queer girl."
Creditors, legates, ditribu.ees apd iall per-
onas-haviilh caSims-or demands against the es-
tate of Charles H. Weeks, deceased, are here-
by required to present the same within two
years or be barred as in such case provided by
Dated Daytona, Fla., Dec. 14, 1880.
JANE C. WEEKS Executrix.
GEORGE H. MUN'ROE, Ewecitrq
13 TE FLRIDAAGRIULTUIST
Entered at the poetofee at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second cla matter.
0. Painter. John McKinney.
IE O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publihers and Proprietors.
Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
One year, sinle subscription..........$ 2.00
Six months, single subscription.......... 1.00
Single copy................... ........... .0
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
e cannot promise to return rejected mann-
-sacript .,,u ampare enclosed.
Alt cnmniTictios for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, a
guarantee of sod faith. No anonymous con-
tribtion will rearded.
Money should be ent by Draft. Postoffice
Money Ordr on DeLand or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
. sponable in case of loss. When personal
check are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cet stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To insure inertion all advertisements or
this pepn must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscriber when writing to have the ad-
dress of their paper changed MUST give the
old as well as the new address.
We now have a o inoe Jaonille,
Room 4, Robinsuon Block, Viaduct, where Mr.
Pnter will be Ileased to see any of our sub-
i Any time we can be of service in
Jacksonville, drop s a line to above address.
WEDNESDAY, FEB. 28. i)!.
Some rxparl noe With the Canta-
Last season the Rockyford, Alamo,
Dewey and Netted Gem cantaloupes
were under test upon the horticultur-
al grounds of the Texas Experiment
Station. Since seed of each one is
largely advertised over the State, and
superior qualities claimed for certain
strains, it may be of considerable in-
terest to melon growers to know that
we could see no differnoe in the earli-
ness size and quality of these so-called
varieties. All were of superior qual-
ity, very early and quite prolific. It is
well known that season and soil great-
ly influence the quality of the canta-
loupe, and while extra fine ones have
beet grown at Rockyford, Col., it has
aluo hbee clearly demonstrated from
or'owi experience and that others,
that caltajoupes of superior quality
Can ib be grown on Texas soil. Since
thli i tre, and also since we could see
tno digerence between the four so-call-
ed varieties mentioned above, there
appears to be no reason why one
should pay high for a so-called extra
fine strain of seed grown exclusively
We tetet. e following fertilizers,
a ,1r iindi, l 3tair effects
a^ la.. ca nata pe: COdttoap beed
'^Te l, ) black, (phhosphorie ~dd).
1 ltaslpe chloride (potash), and bone
black and poj aslum chloride mixed
4hlta6b Itee4Aed meal produced large
melons, ih th Vis w e rank and
-ippy. Afntl yajtle hurt the vines
Bone black produced the earliest mel-
one. Vines did not bllght, neither was
there any blight on the row that was
fertilized with potassium chloride.
Bone black and potassium chloride
produced the most and the finest can-
taloupes. This result accords with the
results published in our vegetable bul-
letin No. 30, ano which was exhausted
some time since.
Cotton seed meal was used at the
rate of 500 pound per acre; bone black,
200 pounds per acre; potassium chlo-
ride, 300 pounds per acre, and bone
black and potassium chloride, mixed,
500 pounds per acre. The ground was
thoroughly prepared, and broad fur-
rows thrown open eight feet apart.
The fertilizers were scattered along in
these furrows and then well mixed
with the soil by using a common gar-
den rake; afterwards the furrows
were filled up with dirt slightly above
the level, making a broad, flat ridge
just over the furrow. The seed were
drilled into these ridges on March 22.
The seed came up thickly along the
ridges, and when the plants had pro-
duced four leaves they 'were
thinned out with a hoe to a stand of
two feet apart. I have always ob-
tained much better results by using
this ridge method than by using the
hill method.-Texas Exepriment Sta-
Velvet Beans and Cassava.
I have read with considerable inter-
est the various communications to
your paper on the cassava question.
I am satisfied from personal experience
that the velvet bean and cassava pro-
ducts are capable of making this part
of Florida look very much better than
It does to-day. The farmers must not
expect too much from this crop; it is
not a "Calumet and Heela Mine," but
there is much in it. What the farmers
should do would be to ind out in what
way he can realize the most money for
his crop. It is worth much more for
feed for stock of all kinds than five
dollars per ton f. o. b.
The raising of this crop is no new
thing to some of the farmers in this
part of the country. I first raised it
in 1885, and for a few years I had very
indifferent success. In 1890 I had my
first good crop, and have had good
crops every year since. I keep two
horses on my place here and they are
fed partly on cassava three times a
day every day; and they do well on it,
and I think it much better for them
than to feed all grain. On December
1st, 1898, I commenced to feed It from
a piece planted in February of the
same year, had it "lifted" twice each
week. It was cleaned, cut and
measured out to the horses in a four
quart wooden measure each feed, ex-
cepting through July and August,
when both horses were Inthe pasture,
and during that time were fed only
once each day. On the first day of
December, 1800, I measured the land
.that had been dug over and. found it
to contain twenty-two thousand, five
hundred and sixty square feet (22,650),
a very little over one-half acre. This
feed took th place of just about sixty
dollars worth of oats.
Cassava can .be raised on almost any
kind of land that is not wet. The land
this crop was raised on is a very rich
piece of pine land, and for two years
previous had been cropped to sweet
potatoes. The fertilizer used was a
good dressing of stable manure, plow-
ed In a month before slanting. I har
found that the drier the season the bet-
ter the crop. The best crop I ever rais-
ed was in the driest seas-'i I ever
knew here.-John F. Cogswell, in Or-
Humus in Florida Soils.
Ever since Professor Rolfs's article
on humus appeared I have been look-
ing for a statement of the other side of
the question. I believe the idea that
Florida soils are peculiar in their re-
lations to humus is capable of doing
much harm, and I had hoped some-
body with more weight than myself
would combat it. As no one has, I am
utilizing this rainy day by taking up
the cudgels myself.
If humus is a fine thing elsewhere,
it is for Professor Rolts to show why
Florida is an exception.
It is doubtless a fact that much of
the sandy soil of Florida requires care-
ful handling in the matter of adding
vegetable matter. Vegetable matter
is not humus until it reaches a stage
when it seems a part of the very soil;
is digested, so to speak. Crude veget-
able matter undergoing decomposition
does use up the soil water, and if In
large quantities it destroys capillarity.
It is no proof that because crude ve-
getable matter does in some cases
prove detrimental, that the soil has no
need of humus. If the soil rebel~ un-
der a dose it may be merely a reflection
on the manner of giving it. All soils
have vagaries in the way they receive
lime, manure, fertilnsers, green ma-
nures, plowing, cultivation, etc. Mr
Editor, I made a small crop of comn one
year because I planted a piece of
ground recently plowed deeply;
does it prove that deep low-
ing is detrimental? Nor ne-
cessarily. It may be my method was
faulty. I should have plowed sooner,
or else artificially packed the soil, so
as to restore the capillarity that a
beating rain would have given, as
proved to be the case.
Now, for a few facts. Many of the
early orange growers cleared heavy
hammock land at great expense, be-
cause the soil was richer than the pine
lands. These people made magnificent
groves without fertilizing, but the time
came when their soil, through clean
cultivation and constant cropping, be-
came indistinguishable from the pine
lands surrounding them, and they
came down to a par with the pine
land groves, as regards the need of
plant food. The difference at first was
one of humus, and nothing but hu-
mus. In the accumulated humus there
was an accumulated supply of plant
food. Both were wantonly wasted.
But the hammock groves were better
while the humus lasted than the pine
land groves which had fertilizer with-
Again, in an old settlement here-
abouts are abandoned fields of white
sand, on which nothing grows but an
occasional weed. The growers say it
does not pay to cowpen them or ferti-
purely one of humus. In this case, the
lize them, in comparison to clearing
new lands, and putting the plant food
on that. Here, again, the question is
amount of plant food In either old
fields or new'is small. ,The farmer
takes in a new field at considerable ex-
pense, because he has exhausted the
.humus in the old. In what respect
does this example differ from the
abandoned old fields in othie- ',s
except that here -s perhaps less insol-
uble food left in the soil? My own
land takes crude vegetable matter
kindly, and I aose it as heavily as I
can. Some of it Is quite sandy, and I
could make It pure white sand in a
few years, but I am doing the other
thing. I am making it darker and
darker, and richer and richer. It re-
spends to cultivation as it never
thought of doing when I took It in
I have one piece of land that never
grew a decent crop until last summer.
It has been dosed with stable manure
twice, but not enough plant food add-
ed to make up wnat was taken off in
three crops of oats and straw and one
crop of corn. Every fall I plowed un-
der what crab grass, cow peas and
beggarweed I could get to grow there
during the summer. To-day the oats
there are as rank as on land that has
grown a previously fertilized crop. It
is a sight for sore eyes. I shall not
abuse that piece of land any more-
it shall have potash and phosphate and
lime. But It is needless to say that I
take any stocks at all In any no-i .wnus
Now, for a slight enumeration of the
benefits derived in other States rf.rm
humus, leaving Florida out of the
question for themoment:
It renders soluble inert plant food,
and yet holds on to it.
It makes commercial fertilizers more
It is a cheap source of nitrogen.
It renders soil more equable in
temperature; there is not the extreme
difference between night and day as
It does not heat up so rapidly; thus
plants are not forced so much or over-
heated during hot spells-a matter of
great importance to peach and orange
It improves the tilth of both light
and heavy soils, allowing rain and air
to circulate better.
These claims .you will find accepted
in almost any standard agricultural
work; and If they were not true you
would find that gardeners would use
sand for potting soil.
I grant that there are soils that have
too much humus just as there are
soils having too much water; but wa-
ter is a good thing, and so is humus,
to most people.
It is.also true that the men to whom
the South is most indebted for her ag-
ricultural betterment are believers in
humus-Massey, Stubbs and others. --
C. G. White in Farmer and Fruit
How to Grow Fine Peaches
Last spring I wrote an article ad-
dressed to Southern peach-growers,
calling their attention to what I con-
sidered was our opportunity, as the
fruit crop was gone for the year, w.
could put our frees in shape for apoth-
er year by trimming and cutting out
the dead and superfluous wood, white-
washing to keep off the borers and
proper fertilsing. Since that article
was written I have received many in-
quiries as to my method of growing
All of my old trees have been cuit
back, and .have grown new tops. I
have some elberta trees, cut back two
years ago, that have now as large and
healtkb.mtopm.srwhea- they were first
grown (all pew health ywo4, I
have some that were cut back this
spring that have made a growth of
over .ve feet, they will be shorten!
in thi fall and next year they will
have grown an entire new head, capa-
ble of bearing a fine. cro. of peaches.
These trees are fourteen years old and
have borne eleven crops and most
of them full crops. T 'e trunks and
roots of these trees are perfectly soun4
THE- FLORIDA 'AGRICULTURIST.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 187
and free from borers. There aa been tra fine fancy fruit Will the market JR PROFIT AND PLEASURE
sold from a single tree over ten dollars ever be supplied? We think not, for
worth of fine peaches in a season this reason, that with our constantly
My method is not to allow my trees growing population and the better fa-
to overbear. When they hold a full (ilities of transportation that we have B U Y O N L Y
crop, too full for the health of the in this country of fruit eating people
trees, they are trimmed out early in there will always be a demand for fine OJ
the season, leaving the fruit about six fruit that can not be grown with the I -
inches apart. These trees receive a present acreage in peaches or planted
heavy application of murlate of potash hereafter.-C. \V. Morrill in Southern Fruit Tree S, Sceds and Fancy Poultry.
and acid phosphate every year, crop Cultivator. LOWEST PBIORS
or no crop, and is generally put on in HriBgl T APe Ido o.WEST aId Sed
the fall; cow peas are planted between "THE HECKEY NEST BOX. Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,
the rows of trees. We generally plant Is ust the thing. Itshowsto a erta nty Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
Which he lays and the gse lays. Also ili
the unknown variety. -The cow peas pedigrees poultry. Nothing else like it
furnish the nitrogen and humus to th 'rteat money maker. Ioultry raisers must A SPECIALTY.
use it to be successful. Don'twaste timeasid
soil as well as a growing mulch. Dur- money feeding drunes, usethis v,,lu ble in. All the Standard Varieties of Orange, Lemon : 1 Grape Fruits in
venlion ; cull them out and keep our layers.
ing the fruiting season they keep the Agentts wa ted everywhere. Big potits (ii stock. Also a complete assortment of the best varieties of Peaches, Plums.
ground cool and moist by their heavy per cent.) Qickest eller out. Sd c stmp Japan Persinmons, Pears, Apples, Mulberries, Figs, ecans, Grap Or
4t once for illustrated descriptive booklet
foliage, which aids the maturing andl giving full information, and secure teri- unamentnl tree, Roses, etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
tory. Address, J. P. HFCK, Lock Box 65.
ripening of the ruit. ttsfe.d, Lock BoThe most extensive propagting establishment in the Lower South.
During dry seasons I have noticed Largest and most complete catalogue published in the-South, listing u
that if It had not been for this grow- o tPT TIOd complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon appli.-A
ing mulch there would have been a tion. Address,
serious loss from fallen immatured YOU uJ 1. B ES ? JACs. v..i.,
fruit. Nature furnishes a mulch in No matter-my t4-page Bee Book THE GRIFFING BROS. CO., z rO?.M ,n .
the forests of fallen leaves around the T' l g H O T 7-V City OfBce and Grounds, 11 Main lt.
roots of trees, and under these leaves It will interest and please you. I know it
there is always moisture and fertility wil. It's free. Write today-the honeysea
son'scoming. J,. Jenkins.tPl Farmers' AttentioW!Pka
brought up by capirary attraction, and Alabama. arm r Atte ntion
for the orchard trees there is no better
mulch than the Southern cow peas CHEAP COLUMN SPECIAL
planted between the rows. The plant-
ing of orchards witff crops that require RATES-Twenty words, name and address SPRING
long cultivation, exposing the soil to one week. 25 cent; three weeks 50 cents. OODS
sn-light and heat, without any regard 5 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make
o the mulch or to the baking propensi- your choice. White and Brown leghorns,
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff A
ties of the soil, in my opinion, is all of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to
make hens lay. and Mica Crystal grit. Cata- GEORGIA STOCKS.
wrong. logue and prce lint free. PRAYINe OUTFIT.S
As to my method of trimming, I cut t .. w Amden, Ormond, Fa.
back one-half of each yea,'s growth. 'F d L LARE UBRBSRIEAS. and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies
Fruitlqnd Park, Lake Co., Fla.
The object is to keep the head of the Offers hfr y plang 5 vuaruiis an Poultry Netting ai Ol t Columbia Bcycles
tree in proper shade and keep very 3. year citrus buds. For good stock and low o try eig a uss I t
prices, address. C. W. FOX, Prop. CHARTER OAK STOVES.
year as much new grawth of wood as Sti CARRAH A PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILEMS AND PUMPS
possible. Cultivation of orchards FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand W RITE PFR PRICES.
should cease by the last of June in the Grapefruit Trees 4600 budded. Box 71 FERNALD, S ford, Florida.
South to let the new wood ripen hv __
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or money
fall. refunded. W. H. Mann. Manville, Fla. PAR OR B Ja I PO ER I 8 SIt1s
Itfa may not be amiss for me to again refunded. W. . anPARATOR and POWERS 1,98 1. 8 tA $3. I
sy s 4 v" a, eo.,orwer- lmvel' iam--amma wagaagagma ,
give my method of fighting the borers. BRONZE TITHKEYS. Pekin Du ,-s. Black rluml X= li .mll-l To
In the fall I did around my trees and Lng.d thhi. India, Gameks. Hrred. Bu aCt amn
and Whlite Plymouth rocks. Eag~s In sea- vN?
expose the roots thoroughly; examine son. Mrs. W. H. MANN. Mannville F I .ra a
4,tl -flz U t Y m', INN am. F. 0=4 W ,m
all indications of the borers, and if l4x16 '41".11 147 e lhw
any, dig them out with a small wire, EGGS FUK HATCHING--liver I aced Wy- FZd~s ss., S.'.. suMtteas. t.O.D. ct
andottes. fr ,.0 I.eWhor.s. 5 for 1 .0. r0 amm-saa"sl WlmI a t ros r enamba tt"y
then in the spring I whitewash the tre for 1.7~,s4 for.00. W.e W fo.0VRTH. --5. am esum ea.%TfleOnP-fa
from the crotch to the roots with a lisst city. F.a tf PThe py rlenlce Machine tr l
preparation of the following ingre- SE4 SHELLS-Reautiful Shells from the Price $1.60 cheapest and best frL a lt
dients: To every five gallons of the Gulf coast. A sample lot of al' different, made, shipped to ay poait for S
dients: To everyfor 25c. wN'paid. W. P. WOODWOBTH $1.50o. J. A. Mite oo om 45 9W1 M- ls m11 i h
wash add one quart of soft soap, one Disston City. la. tf .Louis Building, Dayton,O. 4sO l .s.ish 1
pound of sulphur, one quart of crude Splendid stock of "Ie Itala nt l 0I1i
poun Os u oFOR SALB-A few trios of Buff Plymouth fruit trees and =m sgp-
carbolic acid with a handful of salt, Rocks; a so eggs from two vards, not re- plants, both tropl- 5irMuS_0'a2tlM ar 4
this I spread on thick, especially at the ated. Mrs. F. IK HASKINS, Mannville, Fla. cal and hardy; use- arassl lef. mis
tss aMful plants, as Cam- plato. easereaaiflllstele e.teodtsi
roots. After the wash gets dry draw WE HAVE complete list American phor, Coffee, Sisal, lI ts' toa sed wfte'i ~S sm
the soil around the roots leaving ii Manufacturers. Can buy for you sat low- etc. ornamental, iI, f. S(M.
the s around the root, leaving prices and ship you direct from each. for houee or lawn, i
cone-shape about one foot high. This Machinery, machines of all kinds. en- as Pahns, Bamr- f,. r" ti
;ines, boilers, incubators, windmills, or boos, Grasses, Con-
preparat:on seems to check the raven- anything wanted. Correspondence solic- Ifers, Flower i ng
ges of the borer, as I have trees that ited. n T hrubs, vines creep- 0 R
gels American Trades Agency, era -in fact "Ev erything for house,
are fourteen years old and over that Jacksonville, Fla. 6tf orchard, or lawn." Low prices. Ele- KXPKRMN
gant catalogue for 1900, free.
are as sound as need be to grew and IUR VELVET BEAN HULLER is in REASO NER BROB,
mature large crops of fruit, which can- OPPERATION. Oneco, Florida.
mature large cIps of it h Arrangements are perfected for long
not be done I fthe vitality of the tree your work promptly: our capacity be-
is lessened by the destructible borer. beans n early and we owil store t.hm r
I find in fruit growing that to con for you free of charge. Our charge for
hnulling is but 15c. a bushel for the beans TMADt AMI
tend against nlsects and the fungout after they are hulled, S0 pounds to the 6 amm
diseases, we must follow the old rule bushel.-E. 0. PAINTER & CO., DE- P NoW *
LAND. FLA. 6tf.
that an ounce of prevention is worth a .'ANTED-A quantity of Wild Lemon Seed et as
pound of cure, and in order to ove or young nursery stock. Please write the E E
come these we must take more pain price to A. L. Ingerson, Lemon City. FPla. mt e t
come tethese w moom"
with our orchards and fertilize heavily 4 grow paying crops boease they're spelMuastimr wrioe t
to have a healthy growth and to assist THE SID R. SLIGH CO.. Wholesalers t fresh and always the lbet. For
to haveFruit and Produce; Comumissoion Merghanq. sale everywhere. Refuse elblites."
the tree and the vine to overcome the 3s East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fl. suo eerye e aIIr2
~effect'D t-gr t100) Seed Annual fre.I Wults fr D l.w
Peach trees require a well drained HtGH CLASS tree of all bekt adaped sorts. A..
peach rees require Cta logue free G. L. Taber. Glen St Mary DL. FERRtY & CO., SbeCrt le t
sandy soil, with day sabsoll, and Nurtenes, Glen St. Mary, Fla. 4stf Pt-.
should be fertilized with potaih and WANTED-Lands, cleared and timbered.
acid phosphate or ground bonS every 'ratts oft en or s rdi aeree. Give full ~' Prcal
'escrtpt'on and o1000t price. AdBree.. AND S P1HA Y. F*
year. in order to grmw '0S fruit "LATCHER & CO. sa"a. Ga. 81 AND SIMPLE MA A -.
(;rowers should beao the fiet in pind BARBED WIRE -
olowe "". "tew ,AeL ea elJ BARBED WIRE "4 month. on trial 0e. on .r. e,
that the markets are always full of in- FOR ALE--400 cash. Eight acres of UI 4 months on trial yr. 25e
high pine land near DeLand Junction: 5 It tells how to make poultry fteSina
ferior fruit, but the markets in. the teres cleared. three acres of which aro PRICE Sa.**. prootable. It Is up to date. asoe
leading cities of the South or North "n B .ve, al te bance of the trat s n V. SCHMELZ Bend to day. We sell best liquid ie hkl-
leading cities of the ou r tb. Small house and a well on the V. LZ, er for 75 ets per gallon. Aluminum te
have never been over supplied with ex- place. Address, T. M. H.. Care Agricul. Syln ke, Fa bad rpot y, 1doa, 20 ; fft;i2
P -- P eta; gofors eta; 10S fW IL
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Address al eoinsuuieatlo" to Household
Deseetmeas, AiriculttuC, Vedaa& Fil
A New Goods.
The new summer goods, while no
cheap, have the virtue of being ver,
easily made. There is a box plaitei
lawn, for example, which comes wit]
the tiniest box plaits running across I
Ilke tU~king. It it uifortuiiat.ly, no
cheap goods, but on the other hand i
needs absolutely no trimming. I
waist of this material with skirt an(
tunic of the same is as handsome a:
a lawn dress can well be. A silk stocl
and belt both fastened in front witl
streaming ends complete the gown. I:
to it be added a curved flounce upoi
the underskirt, then the dress become!
fine enough for the lawn parties of a
Belmont or for Victoria's own fune
Mrs. Stuyvesant Fish, the society
woman about whom so much is writ
ten, has many lawn and light weight
gowns of cambric, batiste, mull and
challie each summer. This year al
least six of her dresses will be sheer
goods with fsweps esnbpoltleFr -fpgS
the surface. The embroidery is not
done by hand, but is the pretty and
regular machine embroidery which re-
produces the flowers in a natural man-
ner. The style of making these dress-
es will be with ribbon trimmings. Nar-
row ribbons will stripe the waists anti
baby ribbons will outline figures upon
They have a new way of trimming
dress skirts.. It is used upon light
weight wool goods or upon cotton. For
summer, upon cambrics and lawns, it
is very effective. The material which
is preferably a plain one, is treated to
stripes of narrow ribbon which is
sewed on the goods before it is made
up. It is stitched to the goods in clubs.
ters of three with a space of two
inches between the triple clusters. Rib-
bon is then stitched across the goods
in the other direction, in the same
manner. When the work is completed
it will be found that the ribbon has
crossed the goods in such a way as to
make great open squares, giving it the
eemblance of a plaid. The advantage
of this is that inexpensive goods can
be made to resemble a satin striped fa-
bric and plain materials can be given
the satin striped plaid effect. It is a
deal of work, but pays for itself in the
end if novelty is desired.-Ex.
About Children's Clothing.
In making children's clothes it pays
well to remember the old adage which
declares that "what is worth doing at
all Is worth doing welL"
From a practical standpoint this is
precisely true. There is certainly no
economy in carelessly fitting their gar-
ments or carelessly stitching them.
Most mothers are all right in this parti-
cular, however, and when they do
their own sewing all the garments are
neat and well made.
It does not pay either aesthetically or
practically to buy medium or cheap
Ready ~ade esses, aprons or under-
The cloth of such garments 1 us-
ually sleazy, fady and elaborately
trimmed with flimsy lace or embroid-
ery, and the clothes are without lining
or under facings. Only high priced
ready made clothes for girls are worth
buying as a rule.
For sake of economy and all round
satisfaction, buy the best of imaterinl
an.i make or have it made at home.
One great advantage is that they can
Girls Should Become Women.
Carlyle said: "All true work is sa-
cred, in all true work, were it but true
hand labor, there is something of di-
vineness. Labor. wide as the earth.
li ~ its suImit in Heavetn.
There in a tendency that in a crow-
ing injury to our young girls, to shirk
everything that has the appearance of
manual labor of any kind. says an ex-
change. Girls will go into shops andi
stores, or even mills and bind them-
selves from 6 o'clock in the morning
to 6 at night and feel that they are
honored more than they would lie do-
ing house work, What are your
homes going to be when the twentieth
century reaches us? It is a deplorable
fact that the domestic question is one
of the deepest and most difficult ones
to be remedied at the present time.
Go into some of the leading cities and
the employment bureaus will tell you
that the greatest per cent. of domestic
help is foreign, many preferring the
German girl because she is more prac-
tical and thrifty. Where are the na-
tive Americans at the same time?
Many are trying to hold positions as
stenographers or shop girls. often
working for wages that no vmung man
can compete with. Sonir have honlms
and work for clothing, others eke out
a miserable existence tryin'r to pay
room rent, and live and dress on a few
dollars per week. Good cooks and
housekeepers get much better wanes
when the cost of living and room rent
is considered. But unfortunately to be,
a good cook or housekeeper is not con-
sidered by some, especially society
women, a very great honor. 'If a scien-
ticle course of training could be intro-
duced into our conimon schools, and
pupils be taught the need of a health-
ful diet and careful cooking, mucri
could be done for the home. It is not
in the kind of labor but how it is done
School girls are often crowded with
their work. The result is an indulgent
courage the little ones in quilt piecing
or some kind of useful hand work.
REWARD OF $100.
The reader of this paper will be pleas-
ed to learn that there is at least one
drcadod diccase that science has not
been able to cure in all its stages and
that is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure
is the only positive cure now known
to the medical fraternity. Catarrh
being a constitutional disease, requires
a constitutional treatment. Hall's Ca-
tarrrh Cure is taken internally, acting
directly upon the blood and mucous
surfaces of the system, thereby de-
stroying the foundation of the disease,
and giving the patient strength by
building up the constitution and assist-
ing nature in doing its work. The pro-
prietors have so much faith in its cur-
ative powers, that they offer One
Hundred Dollars for any case that
it fails to cure. Send for list of testi-
Address, F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo,
Sold by all druggists, 75e.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
"I have but one rule that I follow
absolutely in this life, and that is to
make other people as happy as possi-
'Well." he replied. "you ought to be
gratified then at what I heard a young
lady say the other day."
"What was that?"
"She maid that whenever sih saw
you dancing she had to laugh."-Chi-
cago Times-Heral 1.
The famous beef in"'!, v is at an
end. The beef business has not been
helped any by it. Foreign markets
and demands have not been strength
ended. One general.has been given a
six 'years' vacation on full pay as his
jlinislniment another general mildly
censured. the packers are vindlicatod
and the people have learned that can-
ned meats are not good for the tropics.
I A QULICK CTTRE FOR
2 COUGHS AND COLDS
SVery valuable Remedy in all
* affections of the
THROAT or LUNGS
Large Bottles, 25c.
2 DAVIS & LAWREXCE CO., Limited,
Prop's of Perry Davie' Pain-Killer.
TRUSSES, s1.25 AND UP
We am., d mv mglt b... mae s
nt FACwORY Pe" than onthird
the byice cr Cohem, and WE ci
iiA hr yL rti our NOWr
a Evse-i ll Tran i u, illustrated above.ut this
ad. out and sendatoMnwith OUl UU&C MCmnm,4
state your ,stU, Webt, As, how log you hav bee
ruptured, whether rupture I large or siall; &e Ntte
number nches around the body on a line with the
rupture, -y whether ruptnre is on right or let de,
Ind we will send either trum to you with the under-
standing. lif It Is e & perset iad l q-l Ia bhe Atht
eUal at tiese tiee or .rke,youcant felu it and we
will return your money. .hws
WRITE FOR FREE TRUSS CATALOGUE "r, t*,ea
.*ln.e, including the Ne 1e Ida "I. 2 75
lb. Itr.m At say ROeB, C Aebi. r.r 2i.a
-Ad.a EARS, ROEBUCK & Co. CHICIAO
OS~oh,,a~a'a U~.ulh Dama..a. lu
aOiginal "a6.1 o eZseU .
Altr. 49WW* MRL.W.. t-._
Drd r (st FW hkA"U'. 240w 1-1
as BisselIn Rled and Cc.id metai.'0W
e etbe,. Reflne dsagerom uitj. w
tW~Wad tImdatios. AL lraggiesomr9 mi esi .e
in or ., nus.01
35" INk~'~i an Iwg fteisimsa
men k ~ PNL~ih7
be made with:an eye to remodeling, motlop taleU an upon liopmlf. When HOICB Vegetables
which few bought garments will allow. vacation comes, they have studied so
Real economy, you know, "has a hard that-"they must have a rest" will always find a ready
broader meaning than the first cost of when if they were fo take hold of the
the garment or of materials." helm at home tle mother could have market-but only that farmer
It is, however, somiiowuht liffwtrot l'ylreflltiin nd tiloy would 0oou" b can raise them who has studied
with the boys' clothing. The art of rested by healthful exercise.
making these has been carried to a The little Southern girls have an ad the great secret how to ob-
great degree of perfection. It is better vantage over the Northern ones in Ie- tai both quality and quantity
economy to buy their suits ready made, ing able to raise their own cotton for
unless one wishes to utilize the dis- their quilts. In some localities each by the judicious use of well-
cnrded garments of some other mem- family will rin e jlet nouvuh QQtt balanced fertilize No fetil-
ber of the family. In that case it is for such purposes. Then they have
worth while to make the boys suits at the pleasure of an evening cotton pick- izer for Vegetables can produce
home. ing when the neighbors and young peo-
One suit of good material of an adult pie get together to pick out the seeds, a large yield unless it contains
will furnish cloth enough to make a cotton picking is very slow work when at least 8% Potash. Send for
boy a nice suit. done by hand. Then it is hand carded
Broad minded economy will not and prepared for the quilts or com- our books, which furnish full
make over garments of inferior qual- forts. But the quality is often much information. We send them
ity; Only good material Iill ipay tie r lighter and nicer than wo buy g enurl
cost, even though the cleaning and ally, especially if we get the cheap free of charge.
making will be a small task. grades of cotton bating. It is not ad-
A discarded pair of pantaloons and visable to buy the cheap grades for GERMAN KALI WORKS,
coat are apt to have worn places and any kind of use. 93 Nassau St., New York.
soiled spots. If it Is desired to pre- Tons of comforters may often be
serve the original color it is necessary pieced using up scraps of goods that
to carefully wash and press the goods niccumulate.
and lay the pattern to avoid all worn We know an invalid who requested
places. her friends to each piece her a block
It is the safest to do the cleonings for : quilt. She said it would he such the
mostly by soaking. Souse the pieces fa comfort to look at them and think of
already ripped into a tub of clean Pear- friends she could not be with. We
line suds and allow them to soak sev- have a quilt in our possession about aXLtt
eral hours, one hundred years ago. It is set to- the
Only the most stubborn spots will gether and lined with hand made Uln- o.
need rubbing. Cold water is safe to ( en. Tle flax was grown, spun and weo- GAr
use provided the same temperature is ven by a grandmother. It has a net- helis the team. aves wear and
used in rinsing. ting fringe trimmed with little balls expense. Soldeverywhere.
The cloth should be dyed while wet for a border like our grandmothers A 'OIL 00.o
f a different color is 1deoir M1 ur A m, "e olden i .. En- 1 q1A + 4.
THE FLORTDA AGRICULTURIST. 10
Address al communications to Poultry
apartment. Box soo. DeL.aA Fla.
The practice of the method has
demonstrated that one of the ways to
make poultry profitable Is to divide
them into small flocks. Large flocks
of fifty or more have occasioned a loss,
and always will, as crowding is just
opposite to the needs of the fowls. It
may be safely claimed that every form
of disease that makes its appearance
in the poultry house and among the
fowls is traceable to crowding. Then,
again, crowding is injurious in many
other ways. It places the weak under
the dominion of the strong, causes
competition for existence, and pre-
vents systematic breeding. To sum up
the advantages of keeping poultry in
small flocks its advocates mention tlhe
following: Small flocks in separate
yards enable one to breed fowls to suit
the inclinations, and it is easier to
make crosses with certainty. As no
two cocks are together in the same
yard there is no warfare, and better
hatches will result from the eggs.
The feeding can be performed to the
requirements of each flock. The main-
tenance of a superfluity of cocks
should be avoided, as only the breed-
ing-yards need contain them. Should
disease appear It can be confined to
the yard in which it makes its appear-
ance, and can be more effectually
checked. Should a thief make an at-
tempt he will find greater difficulty
with several years than with only one.
There will be great security against
natural enemies of the fowls. Ac-
counts can be kept with greater cer-
tainty and accuracy. Hens will lay
better when but few are together. It
will be as easy to keep five hundred
hens in small flocks as one hundred
running at large. If not over ten are
kept in a yard twenty by fifty feet in
area, with a house about ten by ten
feet square, not only will the eggs be
fertile, but health and productiveness
will be the result. Perfect cleanliness
can be practiced, and the fowls do not
make filthy the stables, lofts and other
places on the farm. The soil on which
they are confined will become very
rich. If trees are in the yards, the
fowls will do them service by ridding
them of noxious insects. The fence
can be built of lath or other cheap ma-
terial. If well managed a profit of
one or two dollars or more may be ex-
Spected from each hen in eggs and
chicks, which has often been the case.
-Farm and Fireside.
Americans Like Eggs.
An English statistical has estimated
that the use of eggs in the United
Kingdom amounts to about forty-two
eggs per year for each head of the
population says an Exchange. But.
according to available American statis-
tics, this would be altogether too low
an estimate for the consumption 'in
this country. When one begins to fig-
ure on the egg production in the Unit-
Do Not Overfeed.
If poultry confined in yards could be
well managed, they would pay better
than when given a range; but to give
a small flock proper attention would
cost too much labor. When one keeps
a flock for pleasure the labor is be-
towedi without regard to cost, but on
tile farm the case is different. When
birds are confined they learn vices.
They begin to eat their eggs and pull
feathers from the breasts and bodies'
of one another. This is due to idle-
ness. If idleness can be avoided, tile
fowls will not learn vices. Fowls ini
yards become pets, and they are fed
by every member of the family. As
the hens soon learn to recognize their
friends, they run to the attendant up-
'n the first sound of approaching foot-
steps, and the result is they are sup-
posed to be hungry. Their crops are
always full, they become lazy and fat.
having nothing to do; then, like all
idle creatures they learn vices. There
is no point more essential to learn in
keeping fowls in yards than that of
when not to feed. All know when to
feed, but to have the courage to with-
hold food is the most important requis-
ite in the management.-Ex.
Ladies Raising Poultry.
While it may possibly be a task for
a lady to care for several hundred
fowls, yet there is a pleasure in the
management of a family flock. Suffi-
cient interest should be taker to keep
a pure breed. If the worli is to be
done at all it should be done properly.
A flock of beautiful, uniform hens will
lay just as many eggs as scrubs, and
pa rhaps more, while the endeavor to
excel with the breed will promote a
pleasant competition with some neigh-
bor that cannot fail to lead to a great-
er interest. The table scraps and re-
fuse front thi house at ltrd v luabltai
assistance in the keeping of a small
fock, but amount to but little for large
numbers. Ladies know how to utilize
waste better than men. and can put
eggs on the table at a small cost. One
advantage in having a flock is the cer-
tainty of knowing that the eggs are
fresh. The ladies can find quite an
agreeable change from the usual rou
tine of family affairs with a flock and
will be induced to take more outdoor
exercise in attending to the hens thin
they would otherwise.--Ex.
Lice on Chicks.
The way to fight lice is to begin be-
fore they really show themselves. By
keeping the breeding stock free from
the pests there will not be much dan-
ger of the offspring suffering from
them. The great and important rule
to clean up the droppings every day
must be enforced, and cleanliness in
very way should lie the order. I.!re
grow fat and multiply in filth, and if
we remove this cause we will not have
much trouble on that score. We te-
lieve in having a good insect powder
sprinkled in every nest-even tobacco
dust is valuable alone. There ari a
number of good paints on 'lie market
for painting the roosts, nests, boxes.
ed States startling figures are encount- etc., which will work wonders wviii
ered. .Oonsidering that a population rightly used. By fighting the lice while
of 4.000.000 is served with eggs from they are weak, it is possible to keep)
the receipts at New York City. the con- them down. If, however, lice do show
sumption in this vicinity would seem themselves on the sitting hen, after
to be about 250 ese per year for each sbe has made her hatch, take a sponge
person. This is probably a greater av- and dip it in kerosene; wring it out al-
erage consumption than would be most dry and rub over the feathers of
found to prevail in the whole country, the hen. This will give the tops of the
but an average of 150 eggs for each heads and backs of the chicks a minute
person in the United States would be coating of oil which means death to
safe.-Ex. lice. But care should be taken that
Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gainesville
to Jackonvllle, Fla. I can new offer special inducemelts to pur-
chasers of SEED OATS, SEED POTATOES, VELVET BEANS, etc.
I have 800 pounds . . . . . . . . . .
Oq.y PFor6 C ri?rf^|obpe Seq.
for delivery by January lst. Address all orders and enquiries to
-49~9 999999999 -9999999999009999999909990009 9
MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.
ww wwwww Oe -@I Passenger Service.
Florida To ma e cloe connec-
tions with steamers leave
New York Jacksonville (Union de-
pot) Thursdays 1:0 a.;m.,
Phila- C. .& P. Ry.)orVlernan-
dLna l:'0p. in., via O. m-
delphia & berland teamer meals
ent route, or "all rail" via
Plant System at 7:L5p m.
BOStOnl ar. Brunswick 11:0 p. m,
l ase tpers on arrival go.
From Brunnarick direct to g fodir ctly aboard ? team
New York. er.
ROPOSEnD AILINC.S for F, b 1900
NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK. GA.. DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY AS FOLLO).WS
S. C'OIAO)ADO ............. .......... .... Friday, February 1(.
S. S. It O ( IANI)E ........... .................... .Friday, February 23.
S. S. ('OLOAlAIT,.. ............ ................. .....Friday, March 2.
RIO GRANDE ........ ........... ........... ....... Friday, March ).
SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO BRUNS\ICK, STEAMERS LEAVE PIER ,
L. R.. EVERY FRIDAY. 3:00 P. M.
For general information, steamers, trains, rites, etc., apply to
IlASIL GILL, 220 W. Bay Street, Jaciksonville, Fla.
H. H. Raymond. General Southern Agent, Brunswick. Ga..
C. HI. Mallnrv & Co., general Agenl. Pier OE. R. anld 3 Broadwa.y, N. V
-. Y You Either an
Orange Grove or Oarden ?
Tare vo anything to do w eth er Frults or Vstable?
T.I e k ep In touch with your work by vuticribiaxn for the
ma3rican Fraltand Vegetable Journal,
Published at 713 Masonic Temp e, Ch c.go, Ii.
All departments of the Fruit and Vegetable business disUt ssed by practical, exrerionr I
all new sn ribers 1,, t .is pl or. :,ind o a I old sub ribes p, yiu r
theirsubs -r.;i i o.e e ri r vai. ilh paprSt for theie'i a
of one. S a. your sub.crnipti.io to this uM e hl.e thi, offer ii
3pen. Both papers 8.00.
SraKnsuieir rKuR %alos ai TiSEKK.
Strictly high-class sto ck. Warranted true to name. Free from
all injurious Insects and fungus diseases. Extreme care In
S 30 VARIETIES. Oranges, Pomelos. Kiiumuarts. Peaches, Pears.
t Plums, Kaki, Nuts. Grapes, Figs. Mulberries. &c. Also Rowe
' and Ornamentals.
S 17 YEARSestablishal Correspondence Solicited. Catalogue Free
t Estimates furnished. No Agents
G .L.T ber. Prop. CGLIENr. ntKV NhIltutKRI5,
l4.*lll as M ary, flriorsd
-..* ++9.*4** *****9*4*** *a*l**** *9*
Vt m n
"'M"M M, d. W
owl PACD er Wilkie of )0XS feet $1,79
joor No square feet ...............
No other tool than a hatelietP
is u;~_ui,~edtolaythals, tW~fal~
Las S 6tf919C.2 m o
SW. 45t & ron ftso Ch C.
too much oil is not used, as grease is ,
disastrous to the welfare of the young.
-Ohio Poultry Journal.
FOR 14 CENTS
we wh to gnatlaU e arM 3
1 Pkal.OitGsra eet. 15.
-W --------- on II --rl -
Mnoil o res o
Ienesmies aoGiawnt : Ies ,
So0 i A. win nmO, aami C.
140 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
Margaret was to leave on the mor-
row, and she and Mabel were now hav-
ing one of those confidential talks that
young girls enjoy so much. The white
moonlight streamed in on them
through Mabel's window as they
brushed their hair leisurely and enjoy-
ed the cool, sweet-scented summer air.
"What a lovely rest I have had, Ma-
bel, and how good you have been to
me!" said Margaret. "I don't see how
I am ever going to thank you enough."
"How I am going to miss you!" re-
sponded Mabel, sadly. "I shall be
lonely-nothing to ao all any long, ana
I know I shall have the blues for a
week. Do you know?" she continued,
earnestly, "I would give five dollars
down for a good solution of the blues!"
Margaret looked at her, undecided
whether or not to tell her what had
been on her own heart for several
weeks. The voice had been very hon-
"rYou know problems sometimes get
into snarls, and are very hard to un-
tangle and work out. My mother has
been a wise teacher, and I could give
-,you a rule. Would you have the cour-
age to apply It, if it would surely bring
too answwe you want happinos?',
"I think so," said Mabel; "I should
try, at least. I am not satisfied with
,my life; I am miserable often, and I
don't know where the trouble Is," and
again the voice was honest.
"Mabel," began Margaret, decidedly,
"I have never had the blues in my life,
and I believe occupation has had much
more to do with it than temperament.
You need work"--
"But that's just the trouble," inter-
rupted Mabel, impatiently. "With
p!srnti Wf I2?t Bnld a hou.? f!il -r
servants, what is there for nip to rlo?"
"My dear, every girl, rich or poor.
has a duty. The first thing for her to
do is to open her eyes to it. Mother
has always quoted Ruskin to us:
'Woman's work is to secure order,
comfort, and loveliness In her home;'
and as we grew up one by one we saw
our mother orton weary, always Dusy,
and gradually we began to take a
share from her shoulders. Each one
of us older girls take charge of a little
brother, darns his stockings, keeps his
buttons on tends to' his lessons, man-
ners, dress, while we take turns in the
evenings reading or playing games or
singing with the children. One of us
dusts the parlor every morning before
breakfast, one the hall, one the dining
room, and when father comes down,
he finds a sweet, light, attractive
breakfast table wl+h fresh flowers
generally. Then we have regular days
for the thorough cleaning of each
room. If I had not known you at
school, I should not venture on sugges-
tions that mightseem obtrusive and
do no good; but surely the girl who
was always at the head of her classes,
who was never late, who was so tact-
ful toward her companions, and so ca-
pable, should show some of it in her
household. I shall not tell you what I
have aen as your guest"--
"No, you have eyes of your own and
plenty of sense; only use them. IGo
down to breakfast with your father
some morning, as I did several times,
and see whether it is a cheerful atmos
phere, caleTlated to give a man cour-
age for his day's work. Take your lit-
tie motherless brother and study him.
Begin with the top of his head and go
down to.the shoes on his feet, and ask
yuurwlf whether you would have
handed in such a looking problem to
a teacher at school, even if some one
else had been paid to do your work for
Syou. Ask yourself where he goes ev-
Sery evening until 9 or 10 o'clock, and
what a boy is likely to grow into who
at seven years old has no home in-
"Where does your father go every
evening and why? When he is so in-
dulgent at other meals, and only begs
his little housekeeper's presence at din-
ner every evening, why is she always
late? I have shown you the snarls;
go back to the beginning, apply the
rule-work, bring every talent to bear
on It, and I'm sure next your I alill
see the same bright Mabel that I knew
"Molly," Mabel said to the upper
housemaid, the day after Margaret's
departure, "call me an hour before
breakfast tomorrow morning."
"Huh," said little Raymond, from the
end of the hall, "sne'll have to call her-
self first; she sleeps .until the gong
sounds and never lets me get up."
Molly darted a quick glance, but Ma-
bel apparently had not heard.
"Miss Mabel," she called, the next
morning, "it's twenty minutes till
breakfast mum. Please excuse me
this morning; I ever elept myself."
"All right, Molly," Mabel called back
cheerfully; "but let it be a full hour
tomorrow, or I'll have to get cook to
Molly shrugged ler shoulders out in
the hall, as if she wasn't certain about
that bettering matters.
Mabel made a very good toilet by
hurrying, and her father had oni. fin-
ished his fruit when he saw a sweet
young figure in a pink ginghan, enter-
ing the gloomy half-opened dining
"t1ello, little iatughttulL, !it' oIxrloluil-
ed, surprised, but pleased, with their
fresh vision; "going on a picnic to-
"No father; I got up to have breoik-
fast with you," said Mabe feeling th.'
unintentional rebuke, but determined
to begin bravely.
:Whoso las Raym ind, ratit li nanll
he come down yet?" she asked, after
receiving her father's little plersel
bow and thanks for the honor done
"No daughter; and, what's more, lie
is never down In time, though I often
hear him awake early. I'm afraid the
poor little fellow has rather hard time
routing out Molly in the mornings. I
hear a rumpus every now and again,
but I don't like to have a fuss."
"Raymond!" called Mabel, after her
father had left, "what's the matter
with you dear? What is it you are
"I don't want to eat ii the kitchen,
and Molly says I have to."
"Never mind," said his sister, sooth-
ingly, "Molly thought you would he
lonesome in here, but I'm going
to talk to you, and tomorrow morn-
ing she'll have us both up in time, and
we'll eat with father, will we not?"
The breakfast .was brought In with-
out a word, ana Raymond set to work,
while Mabel began a critical exami-
nation of the little boy before her.
Hair only partially parted and plaster-
ed down with water, the rest of the
head untouched; shirt soiled, two but-
tons off; sleeves hanging open; no cra-
vat; trousers full of spots; stockings
shabby, one hole on the side; shoes.
knots in the lacings, and all of yester-
day's dust on them.
"'To secure order, comfort, and
lovellness in her home,'" hc rmid, rr-
peating Margaret's words. "No, I
would have not handed in such a look-
ing problem at school."
Mabel's great gift was tact and she
now exerted it to get Raymond re-
dressed from head to foot without an
unpleastant word. Her orders were
firm, but cheerful and simple, an l a
she started off to market, having left
stated duties at home for each servant.
she acknowledged that the little figure
skipping and chatting by her side pre-
sented a very different appearance
from the one at the breakfast table.
It was not very hard to secure order.
The servants were bound to abey her,
and she had a gift for planning their
work. After the first morning, the
house was never musty, as if opened
late; the mantlepiece and furniture
never again showed the dust that
made her blush as she realized what
Margaret must have thought of it.
The Dright eye or the sun could peep
into any corner of the house these days,
and, as comfort followed order, she
felt secure of this. She was sure ev-
ery one in the house felt it-but love-
Mabel forgot that a clean house is
lovely; that a cheerful, rosy-.chli-kei
housekeeper is lovely; that q tidy little
boy ina ood to look ati" that fresh
flowers, In clean, pure water, are beau-
tiful. She thought only, What can
make it lovely, so that father will not
want to go out in the evening.?
Raymond's evening had been easily
settled. She had started omi without
consulting his taste, but, findgni that
an essential, had discovered Lany
things to please and amuse hlimi, but
her father-she couldn't tell him stor-
ies or play games with him-cou!l
Mr. Wilson. his best friend, played
troxuinoi constantly, and many or llm
friends dropped in after dinner and
played with him. It came like an in-
spiration, early in the autumn, when
-the evenings began to be dreary from
early darkness and no cheerful fires.
"Father." Mabel said one morning,
"I am going to have an unusually good
lIttlo (llnnon tonlnt- Woulln't yrou
like to ask Mr. Wilson in? You know
he used to come quite often; and Ray-
mond and I have such fun playing cro-
kinole. He is really a fine player. Per-
haps you and Mr. Wilson will chal-
lenge us to a game after dinner."
She had thought her father perfect-
ly unaware of all her efforts, but his
conscience had been pricking him dur-
ing many a past evening. As he heard
Raymond's merry little voice the night
before, he had been greatly tempted to
join in the fun, but he had feared the
surprised look that might greet him
from the innocent child. Older people
are not always as brave an the younger
ones. Here was his chance to break
the ice and he welcomed it.
"What a lovely time we had, fath-
er!" said Mabel, as her- father locked
the front door after Mr. Wilson that
"And how well you play on the pi-
ano, little daughter," he responded. "I
think I love music even more than
that nice game of yours. You'll have
to play to me a great deal this win-
Thus began a home life that meant
happiness to all the family, and espe-
cially comfort to the father. The in-
fluence upon Raymond of this familiar
and delightful association with his
father and sister was manifested in
As Margaret stepped from the train,
and LOST VITALITY.
To all who know the misery and the hope-
lessness of days and nights tortured with
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sleeplessness and
the lassitude of Lost Vitality, we make a
lain proposition, which we believe is filled
with hope for sufferes:
First, a Wrd as to Our Methods:
DR. BROWN SEQUARD, of Paris, dis-
covered that these ailments arose from too
great a flow of electricity from the body,
and proved that if this waste could be stop-
ped the vital forces would be so invigorate
as to readily overcome the disease. Experi-
ments on this line led to the discover of
the SLAYTON ELECTRIC-SWITCH CAS-
TERS and the SLAYTON INSULATING
INSOLES, which when used as directed, in.
sulate the patient completely, thus preventing
any flow of personal electricity to the earth
and the consequent weakening of the natur-
al forces. The curative results are wonder-
It is impessibhl is fully tsplalls how
simple a remedy can forever banish such ter-
rible ills but the indisputable fact remains that
the use of the SLAYTON ELECTRIC
SWITCH-CASTERS and the SLAYTON IN-
SULATING INSOLES is every day con.-
pletely curing fas of Rheumatism, Neural-
gia, leeplessness and Lost Vitality, which
had previously seemed hopeless. Read the
following testimonials and judge for your-
selves if it is not worth your while to at
least make a FREE TEST of this wonderful
"I WOULD NOT SELL FOR ALL THEf
MONEY IN OLD KENTUCKY."
I would not sell the SLAYTON ELEC-
TRIC-CASTERS for all the money in Old
Kentucky, if I could not buy another set.
Very truly yours.
swao W. E. Butch.
"IMPART VIGOR AND STRENGTH T"o
Some time ago I wrote you for one pair ,t
SLAYTON'S INSULATING INSOLES
and same reached me promptly.
It gives me pleasure to state to you that af-
ter using these Insoles for several weeks past,
I find thin to be of inestimable value to one's
One can walk around miles without feeling
fatirucr aend aurn nuta end it crrtaini is
fat thai these Insoles impart vigor and
strength to the entire body.
I take pleasure in recommending your In-
soles to the inhabitants of our country.
Yours very truly,
New York. is Berger.
"I SHALL USE THEM AS LONG AS I
At the end of three months' use of the
SLAYTON ELECTRIC-SWITCH CAS-
TERS under my bed, and the SLAYTON IN-
SULATING INSOLES in my shoes, I feel
so much benefited and so comfortable that I
mat you aud vuTry ws l se Isa mow it Thl
rheumatism has all gone from my arm and
shoulder, and my sciatica has nearly left me.
I can now alk without feeling the severe pan
which I felt when I began using the Casters
and Insoles. I sleep well and rest easy, and
arise in the morning with a picaasat scnsM-
tion throughout my body.
I am doing at least one-fourth more work
than I have been able to do during the pas
two years. The SLAYTON ELECTRIC-
SWITCH CASTERS and INSULATING
INSOLES are entitled to the credit for all
this, and money would not buy them if I
could get no more. I shall use them as lon
as I live. I am sixty-eight years old, an
shall never forget to recommend your treat-
ment. It has done more for me than you
claimed for it.
Yours sincere, B ton
'; will gladly send anyone a full set ~t
the SLAYTON ELECTRIC SWITCH-CAS-
TERS and the SLAYTON INSULATION ;
INSOLES on receipt of 25 cents to cover
postage and packing, 170. for Castcr*. 8c. for
Insotle. Try them for two weeks, according
to dr,--ctions. If they do not help yon send
thed -*.-bp bh mail and no charges wil be
made. If they do help you. send us U$.oa in
full oaymnt of the Casters and a.00 for the
ipnlrcs. State whether Casters are required
for brass. iron, or wooden bedstead and size
anil number of shoe Insoles are to fit.
Tle lyt HN Electric Cader CM.,
me H1b1 St. Tec-mb, Ni.
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
the next summer, a neat little figure
came forward from Mabel's side, lift-
ing his hat as he took her satchel and
and put up his rosy mouth for the ac-
In his eagerness and pride, he could
hardly wait till he reached the front
pore hof his home to show Margaret
the beautiful porch chairs and table
that he and Mabel had painted togeth-
er in the back yard, or the lovely sofa
cushions that Mabel herself, had made
from feathers from his ducks and
When he said good night at a prop-
er hour, and left his father and the
girls on the porch, Margaret thought;
"To secure order, comfort, and loveli-
ness-Mabel has solved the problem."
-Francis Craig in Forward.
DO YOU NEED AN ELECTRIC
For the past ten years, Dr. J. New-
ton Hathaway, who is recognized as
the greatest of all our specialists, has
been perfecting an electric belt, suit-
able to use in his practice, one which
he could furnish as a part of his sys-
tem of treatment, and which he could
conscientiously guarantee. He now
announces that he has perfected such
a belt, which he believes to be the only
perfect belt made. It is light, hand-
some, and of great power, and with
new attachments which make it suit-
able for every case. He is prepared to
furnish this belt to all patients who
need it and who apply to him for treat-
ment, at merely a nominal charge.
Write to Dr. Hathaway to-day, telling
all about your case and he will write
you all about the belt, and if you de-
sire the belt will send it C. .0 D. for
Inspection. Address Dr. Hathaway &
Co., 25 Bryan St., Savannah, Ga.
"Quick lunch" Is one of the common-
est of city signs. The sign doesn't say
"a healthy lunch of good food-the
character of the food is not consider-
ed. It's just a quick lunch,-eat and
get away. Is it any wonder that the
stomach breaks down? Food Is thrown
at it, sloppy, indigestible and innutri-
ous food, very often, and the stomach
has to do the best it can. Normally
there should be no need for medical
assistance for the stomach. But the
average method of life is abnormal.
and while this continues there will al-
ways be a demand for Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery. It is the
one medicine which can be relied on
to cure the diseases of the stomach
and other organs of digestion and nu-
trition. It is not a cure-all. It is a
medicine designed for the stomach,
and to cure through the stomach re-
mote diseases which have their cause
In the derangement of the stomach
and digestive and nutritive system. It
cures when all else falls.
By carefully planning out your work
twice as much can be done than by
going at It helter-skelter.
irs op beah- I wedh
Then why sp taking
mgn I maNmm, ian mmg mr?
oc.andm krn; all &l
(Continued from Front Page.)
.will be such a metamorphosis in the
sugar industry in the island of Cuba,
as to quickly destroy the domestic su-
gar industry of all the State of the
Professor Julius Wolf, an eminent
German authority, in his journal of So-
cial Science, states that the cvet of pro-
ducing beet sugar in his country has
been established by numerous experi-
ments at the average of ten marks
($2.40) per centne or (110 1-4 pounds)
of 88 per cent. rendement sugar. On
the other hand. .the president of the
British Refiners' Association says that
the cost of the production of cane su-
gar in the British West Indies is not
more than nine marks, and Professor
Wolf believes that, as soon as Cuba is
fully restored under its new conditions,
it will produce sugar at a cost of
eight marks, "that is," as Professor
Wolf says, "at a price ruinous to the
European beet sugar Industry."
But whether it will prove ruinous
to the American beet sugn;- industry
is another matter. Even if t should
and the colossal sugar p ait- of Cali-
fornia, Louisiana, and ebrl a ka n'iould
become tenantless and dismantled, we
do not believe that the ten tlousana
little one-horse plants of the Gulf
States will be destroyed. Professor
W. C. Stubbs, director of the Louis:-
ana Experiment Station, and probably
the highest authority on sugar in this
country, made a tour with others
through Georgia and North Floridai
last fall, and he has since written to
a former Louisiana sugar planter, Mr.
Paul Dupuy, now a citizen of Florida,
a remarkable letter. We append a
'During the la ter part of October it
was my privi'~ e -o visit southern
Georgia and no, tL.'rn Florida, from
Savannah around to Montgomery,
Ala., and I was amazed to find the ex-
ient to which sugar-c:u'ke was grown,
and the quantity of syrup annually
made for the market. What struck me
most was the insufficient work of the
small horse mills, and evaporators
which they were using in that section,
and yet I was told by everybody that
it paid them better to make syrup at
17% cents a gallon, extracting not one-
half of the juice from the cane, and
evaporating that to syrup without any
chemicals whatever, and only by the
crude process of skimming and heat.
And yet there was jnore many
in it than in raising cotton
or any other crop in that
section. I found crops varying in ex-
tent from one acre to 150 acres. I
spent several days in the field, and
weighed quite a number of areas
growing in cane, and to my astonish-
ment found the yields were from six-
teen to thirty-five tons of cane. I al-
so found out that by tightening the
horse mills that they had, the extrac-
tion could easily be made as high as
(60 per cent..
Cane culture for the manufacture of
syrup would be an intensive species
of farming, not requiring more than a
fourth as much land as cotton to pro-
duce a given money return. This
would leave more land for stock-grow-
ing, corn, cassava, velvet beans, and
other fundamentals of a prosperous,
self-supporting commonwealth. In all
nations wherever tried, except in the
beet sugar states of our own country,
sugar makes slaves of the soil tillers.
German economists deplore the beet
sugar system in their country, on the
great plains on the south of Magde-
burg, with its thousands of hired la-
ro" P'Lrinlrin --
For eemetery andi'&wra lcocore
All work ngaranteed. Pricesreasomabe.
Correspond with : :: ::
CwEO. R. NIOHOLS & 00.
05 Harrison street
Remember that good teams and good
implements will enable us to do much
more work and they are much cheaper
than poor teams and implements. Hu-
man labor is the most expensive item
used on a farm, or in any other bust-
ness for that matter. We can't afford
to throw away labor following a sorry
mule or a sorry plow.
Ocean Steamship Co.,
Part Rail, Part S'a.
FSb Freight and Luxuriouis Fassenger ioute
FLORIDA TO NEWYORK)
BOSTON & THE EAST.
Short Rail Ride to Savannah.
Thence via Ship, Sa~lnls from savannah, Four Ships Each
Week to New Terk, a ad Two to Boston.
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with m3athly sailing schedules.
Write for general informatM, sailing schedules, stateroom reservations,
or call on
B. H. Hintou, Trafle ManaMgr, Walter Hawkins, Gen'l Agt.
NavML, h.' MG W. ay St., Jackoaville, B1i,
_ __~_____ _I
borers lodged in barracks as soldiers,
to the destruction of their physique and The Eminent Kidney
their morals. Except the cotton and Bladder Specialist.
and tobacco plantations of Mid-
die and West Florida, this
State is not well adapted to "bonanza"
agriculture. But, after all, it is in the
multitude of little cultures by small, 1
independent farmers that is found the
strongest bulwark of any nation.
Growers need not fear for a market,
at least for the present. Where can
one find Florida cane syrup in Jack-
sonville? Georgia is far more progres-
sive than we in this direction. All
over that enterprising State the farm-
ers are raising ribbon cane, to make
into syrup. and sorghum in the coun- mm
ties too far north to make cane. One Wrt wLam
of the Florida railroads publishes the There is a disease prevailing in this
names of libout twenty growers along country most dangerous because so decp-
its line. in four counties from the Geor- tive. Many sudden deaths are caused by
gia line southward, who systematic- it-heat dbease pneumonia, heart falur
or apopleay are often the result of kidney
ally manufacture and can cane syrup diae If kidney trouble is allowed to a&
for sale. This is because of tlElr prox- vance the kidney-poisoned blood will attack
nlity to Georgia, and because they the vital organs or the kidneys themselves
have non lic n bound up in tre orange break down and waste away cell by oce
Then the richness of the blood-the albumen
growing industry.-T. U. & C. -leaks out and the sufferer has Briht's
Disease, the worst form of kidney trouble.
-. ArtMti0o Dr. Klmar's Swaamp-Root the new dis-
Fcovery is the true specific for kidney. bladder
and urinary troubles. It has cured thousands
of apparently hopeless cases, after all other
efforts have failed. At druggists in fifty-cent
amorrM IN ........ and dollar izes. A sample bottle sent free
ra LATICT DBaeiro or by mall, also a book telling about Swamnp
Root and its wonderful cures. Address
bDr. KIlmr & Co., Binghamton, N. Y. ad
Mention this paper.
142 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
WITh THU JOKUX.
Jokes....... .... ......
A GENEROUS LANDLORD.
Tenant--"Landlord, our house wall
has sprung out about ten feet."
Landlord-"Make yourself perfectly
easy. Although It renders the houro-
that much bigger, do not fear. I will
not raise the rent."-Ohio State Jour-
GOSSIP IN THE ARCTIC.
First Polar Bear-"What are these
men doing around here?"
Second Polar Bear-"Looking for the
North Pole, I hear."
First Polar Bear-"Oh! I thought
perhaps they might be trying to got
us into the menagerie."-Puck.
NO HOPE FOR HIM.
"Then you cannot be the sunshine
of my life?' asked the young man,
with the insistence of one under a
"No," replied the lady detective,
softly, "you know I am a professional
HADN'T HEARD THE NEWS.
First Britain-"But I thought we
had the Boers whipped some time
Second Britain-"So we did, and
the fact was printed in every news-
per In the English speaking world;
but it looks as though them thick-
beaded Dutchman couldn't read a
word of English."-Judge.
A POOR HERO.
"How did the hero of the story
come out?" he asked of the lad who
had just rolled up a novel and got up
to stretch himself.
"He was a chump," was the reply.
in tones of disgust. "He had two
guns, a knife, a bronco, a lasso and a
bottle of pizen, and yet he let the vil-
lain punch de life out of him and
g:t away wid de heroine and a million
dollars in cash."-New York Sun.
A WISE PRECAUTION.
"What on earth are you bringing an!
those umbrellas in here for?" asked
Mrs. Van Fashion, as Mr. Van Fash-
ion puffed into their bed room with an
armful of rain interceptors.
"Why. I thought that reception was
"Yes, and you are afraid the guests
w:11 steal them. are you?"
"Not at all. I am afraid they w!'
BEHIND THEIR BACKS.
"You have moved three times this
"Yes," answered young Mrs. Torkins
will a sign. "It was a dreadful lot of
work, but we had to do it. We have
had so much trouble with servants
When I discharged them they got an-
gry, and when Charley discharged
them they jrst laughed, so the only
thing to do was to wait till their after-
noons out and move to another neigh-
Maid (breathlessly)-Oh, miss, both
the gents you is engaged to is called
and they're in the parlor, and somehow
or other they've found It out, and, oh.
miss, I'm afraid there'll be trouble.
Miss Flirtle-Hororrs! Oh, dear!
What shall I do?
Maid (after reflection)-I'll fix it. I'll
ruh and tell 'em you're crying y'r eyes
out 'cause y'r father has lost all his
money.-New York Weekly.
TRIAT ,ly PLANT SYSTEM.
You cacugh THE GREAT THROUGH CAR LINE.
You can cough
yourself into O AL tHE..
bronchitis,pneu- ; LOCAL s C EDULE.
monia, and con- North bound. IN EFFECT JAN. 17, 1900. outhbound
gumption. Read down. Read up.
S Bandaging 40no i 3 I 32 I I 23 37 I 1 139
and b g ..... 8-.5a 12.00n 7.00p Lv ..Port Tampa........ Ar 6.5p 10.00p 7.56a .......
and bundling ....... 9..0a 12.25p 7. Lv .. Tampa Bay Hotel.. ......Ar 6.30 9.35p 7.30a.......
your throat ... 5a 12.a3p 7.40p Lv ... .. Tampa.. .. .....Ar 6.15p 9.25p 7.30a.......
w il ...... ........... 4.15piLv.. .. Punta Gorda.. ...... Ar 8.40p ....... 2.55p.......
ill do no ....... a 5.30a 7.25plLv ...... ....Bartow.. ...... .. Ar 5.45p....... 7.00a.......
good. ....... 10.4a 1.37p 9.20pILv.. ...... Lakeland........ ..Ar 5.00p 8.23p 6.15a.......
S....... 12.u7p 2.43p 10.42pLV ..Kissimmee..... .. .|Ar 3.42p 7.14p 4.5p .......
You must give ....... 12.4 10p .l11.14p Lv. .... ...Orlando. .... ....Ar 3.10p 6.47p 4.22a.......
....... 12.49p 3.17p 11.23p Lv .. ...Winter Park.. .. Ar 2.55p 6.39p 4.13a.......
your throat and ......p. i.p 3.40p 12.15a Lv. ......... Sanford...... .....Ar 2.00p 6.20p 3.30a.......
lungs rest and ....... p 4.551 8.OOa Ar. ... .. .DeLand.......... .Lv12.35p 5.0p..............
d .....,, 2.wo 3.40p 5.05pL. ... .. DeLand.. ........ Ar 1.50p 6.15p 8.00a.......
S allow thecough iU.oa 1.::p .O 2.4aa L.. ... .....alaiKa.......... Ari.2Sa 4.l;, 1.06a G.Op
wounds to heal. ...:' ;.:, i6.37p 3.34a Lv .Green Cove Sprigs ......Ar 10.40a 3.33p 12.16a 5.26p
il.00a, j.W i 6.41p 3.8.a Lv.. .. .. ..Magnolia.. .... Ar 10.36a 3.29p 12.12a 5.22p
There isnoth- 12.lOp 6. Jpi T.aop 4.o0a Ar. ...... ...Jaca;,nville ..... Lv 9.40a 2.45p 11.20p 4.15p
bi...... -. --' ..... .... .. St. P. ter. r urg.. --Arl 0. p .. .... ...--- .. .
Ing so bad for a .. 4".a ....... ....... L .. .. .... Belleair ...... ....Ar 9.4p ....... ...... ....
ough as cough- 4 |. ........ ia i... Lv .. ......Lees.urg........ Ar 4.4p....................
cough as cough- II ao.. :..... ....Lv ... .....Lees.urg.... Ar 4.45 ...... .4...I
Ia.O0i i ll.p........i.. ..... Lv .. ctla ......... Ar. .50p....... ....... 6.2
Ing. Stop it by t9.0al :.oupl.......... Ar .. .....ainesville .. .. .. Lv ....... ....... 7.00p
i.:,al 1.4,pl...... ........ Lv.. Gainesville.. ........Ar 1.40p....... ....... 8.45
Using i, ,.1 ;ta 4-..'l ............... Lv.. .... Palatka. . . Ar 1.2 ....... ..... 6.30p
12.10pi 6.30pl......... .... Ar.. ......Jacksonville ...... Lv 9.4a............. 4.15a
FROM JACKSON\VIlLi; TO JlSSiJP, SAVANNAH AND CHARLESTON
. . . .^I 16 I 26 I 34 1 32 32 133 Is 36 I 14 I 78
Sv Jack-onviin ...... ...... .. I -.Wkl i.00al 8.uta( b.i.ta 12.pt i.p 7.45p 7.-pip 7.45p
r \ 'ay .os ................ i 6.50a 9.30al 9.5Ual 9..Ja 1.50p 3.30p 9.30p 9.40pil0.16p
.;r JiC;S.:..... .. .. ...... I 8.10a .......ilU.51an .56a 2.45p| 4.22p., l).aUp5lU. y ,a.,
._r Savannah...... .... ........ .3mi ....... 112.upli2.15p 4.0ap 5.42p I. l....... 1.1ia
... harleston ........ .. ........ ....... I ....... ....... ] 4.39p .......i10.00p ....... .......[ b...
FROM CHARLESTON, SAVANNAH AND JdESUP TO JACKSONVILLE.
S I 35 1 35 1 37 I 31 1 33 j 15 l-l|
harleston... .. ...... 1p!....... .....I 5.14al 6.30a. .I..1..
Lv Savannah .... .. ..... ... I 2.10al.......l 5.2U0a 7.40aj 9.05a110.40 1 .2p1 .OOp...
S Even the cough of early Lv Jessup.... .. .. ... 5.10a 6.40ai 7.35ai10.Oall.24al .5p4.p 6.4p...
COnsumption is cured. Lv Waycross.... .......... 3.45il 6.30al 6.39a1 8.a.ai1o.21al2.0p 5.56p8.05 8.40p
S And, later n, wh tAr Jacksonville.... .......... 7.30al 8.ai 9.25all.50a| 1.00p 2.35 7. 00.010.40p
And, later on, when ithed Jacksonville, Thomasville and Mont- WVaycross and Brunswick.
disease is firmly fixed, gomery. Eastbound. Westbound
Syou can bring rest and Northbound Southbound 88 90 I i 87 89
comfort in every case. S I 2 2 V1 27 9.50pl7.15a Lv. Waycross Ar 9.30a 8.00p
S25 cent bottle will 7.45p S.00alLvJacksonville Ar| 7.30a 10.40p 11.30p1l0.15allAr Brunswick Lv 7.30a 5.00p
5 cent b le will 10.15p 9.55alAr .Waccross ..Lv a5.10 8 40p Waycross and Albany.
cure new coughs and 12.152.12p Valdosta. 3.1 Wesound Eastbound.
ld A P s 1..3ai 1.-10p-.1 l"rh -imasvllle I4v 2.00 5.305 -', Westround Eastbound.
Scolds; the 50 cent size is S.10ai 9.20p|. untgaery .Lv 7.4p 11.2ja 89 j 7 90 I 88
better for settled -eougha i o.4pO.ia.luaLv. waycross .Ar .iail ..iU.,
of bronchitis and weak 3.45ai 2.10pAr Albany Lv;12.01al 3.45-
lnro h andlla ia Connections made at Charleston with Atlantic Coast Line. At Savannah with
lungs; the one dollar size Southern La.iway. Central of Georgia Railway, Ocean Steamship Company and
is more economical for Merchants a::d M:ners Transportation Company. At Jesup with Southern hail
way. At l..,;igorrry with Louisville and Nashville Railroad and Mobile & Ohio
chronic cases and con- Railroad. At Albany wAth Central of Georgia Railway.
sumption. It's the size IPLANT STEAMSHIP LINE-- teamships Mascotte and Olivette.
you should keepon hand. Mon., Thurs. and Sat..10.30p....Lv.. Port TampaAr..11.00a Tues., Thurs. and Sun
All familiesought to e on the Tues., Fri. and Sun.... 3.00 ....Ar..Key West.... Lv.. 7.OOp Mon., Wed. and Sat.
watch for sudden attacks of croup Tues., Fri. and Sun..... .00p ....Lv..Key West.... Ar.. 6.00p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
or cutelungtronbles. Ever yom- Wed., Sat. and Mon.... 0.00a....Ar..Havana...... Lv..12.30p Mon., Wed. and Sat.
try home in the land should keep
Cherry Petoral constantly on hand Information regarding schedules, through car arrangements, reservations, etc.,
De. P 14,1898. Holland, Mch. .3. W. WRENN. Passenger Traffic Mana Jacksonville. Fla.
Savannah, Ga, et Agent, 138 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville.
City Sportsman--Any game here?
.Terseyman-Plenty o' snipe.
"Snipe! It doesn't pay to hunt them.
"Too small to cook?"
"Too small to hit."-New Yorkl
A CAREFUL CRITIC.
The Playgoer-- ow do you nmnage
always to look at the play from two
The critic-Oh. I take turns lookintc
through both ends of my opera glasses.
He-I wonder what is the reason thinM
auto won't start?
She--Perhaps you ought to ring thy
hell. It got its electricity from the cai
company, you know.-Indianapolii-
A POR SUBSTITUTE.
His Little Son-Pa.
His L.ttie Son-When the people
send petitions to Congress, is it h o' .'t'.
tlhe hlavn't got a pull?-Brooklyn
"The burglar," said the citizen,
"lighted parlor matches all about the
house, but evidently he knew how to
strike them without making a noise,
for we are all light sleepers, and none
cf us awake."
"Ah!" said the detective. "Evident-
ly a married man!"-Indianapolis
SO SUDDEN. BUT SAI'ISFACTORY.
"You take me quite by surprise," she
exclaimed after he had finally put the
"Well, I'mi glad to get you in any
way." he replied, pursuing his advan-
And she let it go at that.-Philadel-
phia North American.
Sl--"I understand Miss (Gortox
married a struggling young man."
IIe-"Well, who wouldn't have
struggled to get her?"-Puck.
THE ART OF SILENCE.
"A man shows character even in
the way he moves his chin."
"I think he shows more character
in the way he doesn't move it."
REASON FOR HIS HASTE.
She--"Why such a hurry to marry,
Dick? We've only been engaged three
IIe-"Yes, I know; but I am afraid
you will get tired of me."-Life.
AN AMATEUR FISHERMAN.
Yeast-"What are we to understand
by the term 'amateur fisherman?'"
Crimsonbeak-"Why, a fisherman
who lies without being well paid for
Blinks-"I understand Turner is
quite an athlete."
Jenks--"Yes. His -'feart spe-,ialty is
running up and jumpi:n board bills."
NO CHANCE FOR CRUELTY.
"Pinkerton says he believes in pub-
licly whipping highwaymen."
"Doesn't that seem cruel?"
"It wouldn't seem cruel to Cleve-
"We never catch any."-Cleveland
Sharples Cream Separators-Profit-
THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 143
earning Operations for February.
'This month should find the Florida
farmer in full swing with the prepara-
tion for spring crops. Fences all
ship shape, and every preparation
made for a successful season. If new
land is to be cleared, it should- be
done at once and.plowed as soon as
possible. Care should ie exercised iu
the mode of plowing new iands; it is
a mistake to plow deep or a wide
cut; the easiest and at the same time
the most effective way of breaking
new land is to use a very narrow bull
tongue plow and simply go over tihe
ground at intervals or spaces of six
inches apart tearing the sod to pieces,
then cross cutting it the same way.
That mode of breaking doesn't turn
up the under Atr:zta of ooil and i lry
the upper soil (which is best), it
simply breaks it up. Then when it is
prepared for the crop a larger plow
can be used to better advantage, all
depending on the crop wanted.
About the middle of the month
sweet potatoes should be bedded; see
that the bed is in a warm, sunny lo-
cation; clear off a space as large as
you think necessary, by cleaning out
a hollow not more than a few inches
deep with a hoe; in this put a thli
layer of horse manure and on top of
manure an inch or so of soil, let it
lie there a couple of days in the sun is
warm and in dry soil spread the pota-
toes quite close bnt not touching each
other; then scatter soil enough to cov-
er potatoes and go down between
them as they lie; on top of this spread
manure as in bottom and on top of
manure a little soil to keep it covered.
The whole thickness covering t11 ip
tatoes should not be more than three
Inches deep. When the sprouts get
well under way, throw on a little
more soi. so as to give long-shanked
draws as they are the best for first
planting. Always select good-sized
potatoes for seed. Small potatoes
won't give a thrifty draw, and as your
crop depends on the quality of draws,
good seed is a prime essential.
Irish potatoes should be planted
about the twentieth of the month.
Cut them a few days before planting
so as to have a skin or crust on the cut
part. Planting newly cut potatoes is
apt to rot them in the ground and as
the Irish potato is peculiar in that the
young plant for a few weeks of its
early existence derives all its susten-
ance from the starch contained in the
cutting the locking up of that starch
in the cut piece by reason of this skin
formed on it by cutting it ahead of
planting time and allowing the cut
surface to dry, is helping the plant to
make a better crop. The ground for
Irish potatoes should be put in the
best possible condition previous to
planting and kept in that way all the
time, as there is not another crop so
susceptible to neglect as this, and it
is one that is very often neglected.
The last days of the month cane is
in order for planting. Lay off row-
six feet apart and drop the cane lap
ping each other well. Throw a shal
low furrow on it and fertilize it be-
fore the next working. Some earl'
corn can be planted this month if
weather Is favorable. The ground is
too cold for sugar corn, but Arln,,
Early or Early White Flint can be pir
In with a fair prospect of doing well
Ruta-lagas and angels for stock ,
feeding should be planted this month
For the garden all the winter veg
tables can be sown. Spinach, leeks.
mustard, carrots, radishes, kohl rabi.
lards and wale Cabbmage w ed for
5. 5, .
THE NEW SEED LAW.
Approved May 19, 1899, makes it unlawful for
any person to sell or offer for sale any arden.
Melon or Vegetable Seed unless the same are
in packages bearing on the outside in plain
letters a guarantee certificate of when, where
and by whom the seed were grown.
Penalty not less than $25, nor more than
J. B. Sutton, Seedsman, Ocala, Fla., sells
seed under his trade-mark, as above, bearing
the certificate required by law; besides all
seeds are tested and the certificate bears date
of test and percentage of germination. Sen-1
to him for price list Wholesale and retail
lnt'P spring pi)lating, can now lie sown.
spring planiug. cnll now be sown
SOnion seed f(t f ets and transplanting
should be put i-! ju.:t as early as pos-
sible; the Prizt'tike is a very good
all round onion; so Is Giant White Tri-
poli. Asparagus seed should be sown
now, and if any roots are ready for
transplanting it can be done now.
The strawberry bed should get at-
tention and be put in good shape,
well fertilized with high grade fer-
tilizer, and before a rain a top dress-
ing of nitrate of soda should be given,
300 pounds peOr acre at least.
Tomato and egg plant seed may be
sown in protected beds anu, if co l
weather comes, well protected by cov-
ering with anything handy, such as
old quilts, etc. At the very end of
the month bush beans may be planted;
the iarly Mohawk is a general fav-
orite this early in the season. If any
fruit trees, such as peach, pear, plum
are to be planted, this is the best time
of the year for the work. Get a peck
of pecan nuts (the best you can get)
and plant them two in a place forty
Feet apart. aitn future generations
will bless you for it, for the pecan
industry is a coming one for this part
,f o!l' sttit. In fact with the itnith-
niny days tllh gto-a-head farmer w\-:
"nd his hands full to keep up with all
hat should be done this mouth, but
if he works systematically and keeps
always ahead of his work and plans
well, he will be astonished at what lhe
"an accomplish. C. K. McQuarrio.
Exposure to wet, dampunss and '-old,
nvariably results in a sudden chl:,
which if not attended to immnl.dilattel.
will cause a cold. By mixing a tea-
the whole system will be heated and
the danger of cold avoided. Avoid
substitutes, there is but one Pain-Kill-
er, Perry Davis'. Price 25c. and .i0c.
Florida Fast Coast Ry.
TIME TABLE NO. 94. IN EFFECT FEB. 1. 1900.
SOUTH BOUND (Read Down.)
Our Cultivator is the best
on the market and saves
more than Y the time, and
nearly all hand work.
Crops stand dry weather
ioo per cent. better. Let
us tell you all about it. Spe-
cial price to first customer.
D. Y. HALLOCK & SONS,
Box 836. York, Pa.
8 0SO Ar:3.A'g'tineLv
O ArBL. Palatka "
9 1a Lv..Palatka..Ar
fl' ArSan MateoLv
8 U LvSan MateoAr
lOa, Daytona. ""
11 a" "N.8myrna"
...... ".Oak Hill. "
2ip "Titumvil I e"
...... city Point
19 Bookl e e"
...... oseland. "
...... "St. Lucie."
810p F. Pierce.
...." ...Edse..n "
...... .. tuart.. "
...... ".H.Sonnd. '
...... "W.P.B'oh "
60sp ArP.B'chInn "
51 p LvB. P'cian '"
621p "W. P. B'chAr
..... Lem.' ity "
linn Ar Miami "
(Read Up) NORTH BOUND.
No.*7o.4 o .n i o.t6 No.51 No. U
Daily Daily Daily Daily ily
_ex Sn ex Mu
72two iplOOOp 7oa114fea 1 op
61Up 6p 6 00p 6 8.01045,a s2
6W.p 625p 82%p 645 .............
55 lp ...... ...... .......... ...... ....
515p 545p 815p (16 ..............
T4p 4 pT 6a- ..... ...... ........
6 l op 6lop ...... ..... ..............
.. .... . 7 p ......... . .......
S ap ...............
710p 710p ........... ..
6512 p .. 82pT..
3h6p 435p 701p 44f Us .s B-e
335p 4 6p 651p 4S da
31 .. ...... ...... & |
Sis p 6 P S S.... ..
13 2S& *E
122u p ......
124Lj 148p 487p.... V Is
Slla.... ...... ..
11 0 ..... ..... ..... PI 1
l11 0 ..... .... .......
10 Bha ....... ... .....
10 21a ..... . .. .....
8 4a 10 15a 10p 1045p
8a2U 9 55a 12 45p 10 29
7:afa ..... ...... .50
74ta ............ 910p
6 5a ..... ...... 8 lop
", - 'rn M !X No
i rains uun o. a aO sas.Ilun wunwere s.t. 1. o -..-..
Uetweenu ew ayrs adU range e e
City Juotioa.Tit d f
No.: O.l.i TATiON.. X. No.4. No11 ATIONS. Io
S1. li t v.. New amyrna.. Ar 7- up ,a Lv......... Titsvile .........Ar
4,ip l4p ..Lake Helen..L 22p 60p ..........Mim.... ..L
utnl, 1:5;) ..Orange City.. |2pi 5*lip 8 ...........stee.... "
512pL 3.t Ar.OrangeoC'yJt. 227 5 8p 8 ...........Enterprise. ......
Aii trains between New Smyrna and Orange 9 uAr ........... aford...........
City Junction daily. Al trains between Titusville and eaford
aaily except Sunday.
Between Jacville and Pableo These Time Tables show the times at which
Xno.15 STATiONS. INo.16 trainsand boats maybe expected arrive and
J ...... depart from the several stations and ports
6uMaLv ........So Jacksonvlle......Ar bt their arrival or departure at the times
.O Ar.... Pabio Bench.......... Lv 615p stated is not guaranteed. nor does the Oom-
All trains between ,o. Jacksonville and Pablo pany hold itself responsible for any delay or
Beach daily except Sunday. any consequences arising therefrom.
Florida East Coast Steamship Co.
I. AMI-HAVANA LINE,
Leave Miami Sundays and Wedneays.................................................. lUD p. m.
Arrive Havana Mondays and Thurday.............................................. 80 1. m.
Leave Havana Tuedays and Fridays .................. .................................. 11 a m.
Arrive Miami Wednesdays and aturdays................... .. .... ........... 8;0a. a.
. MIAIII-KEY WEST LINE, .
Leave Miami Mondays, Wednesday and Friday ................. ................U 0 p.
rive Key West Tuesdays, Thurdays and Saturdays ...... .... ......... .. ......-00 aO
Leave Ke7 West Tuesdays. Thnrsdays and Saturdays.................................... M4m.
Arrive Miami Wednesdays Fridays and Sudays....... ......................... l0S a.
fiUAMI-NASSAU LINE, .
Leave Miami T-csdays Wednesday and Fridays (Standard Time)..................... SA ia.
Arrive Nassau Tuesdays, Thursdal ad Saturdays .........................
Leave Nassan' esdays. Thursday ad Saturdays (Nassau Time) ................ 8300i .
A ive A iaimi Wednesday Friday and Sundays....................
li.i i.ive ar proposed saating during February and March.
.A .e. Apri 14t there will be two milings per week
o,,r ,*- L >,[ .'i.al time card call at West ay Street Jacksowiviie. or address
.1. P. BHi !'FWITH. Trtffle Manager. -S . RAHNER.. P.. A.
SEND-US ONE DOLLAR
CatUs.a. a o.e tes* ilk *1.0 .eUU. sJ flfsaiesltisaW
IsrNOYnD ACNE QuER FPIAUL OOU5, byI tC. 0. D.,sbjie to
exaisal. You can examine t at ayouorearest freight depot,
and f you find It exactly a rmmste equal to orgas that
retail at ?.O to 10.0 the greatOvlue yo ever saw an
far better than organs averised by other at mose money, r a
th. freight agent er specil s dayes edr P', $3i.ol,
lew the sL0, or .1, and freghtch9-ae.
$31.75 IS OUR SPECIAL 9 DAY' PICE h.al
e bL etwnas nuc e eMe wa E" msle eiles.
sTHE CM QUErlN ls of th....sUSiAM ASwaiVrZ
1ru110 ei=tr, et ~NAM* From the llustratIonshown, whih
_, d .direct hafrm A.nhotoawnhlBgformlsomeideolits
beautiful appearance. tale ?be**iell evaster -sawed
Oak, antlue finish, hands omel, dorated dorna ed,
latest 18OD9 style. TU A .S:m Zt *fete woeh high,
a inches long, inches wide and weigsh3pounds. Co
tati,5 oetaen Il stops, es follobews. clotsee rd
welw 1Stk aId fnesm laIser etTese o BZ
CE xnumtEEm is (r/'shed with e ibeneled
pl.te French mirror, nickel p pert l .rr ame *
001 p1 s De Seed, 1iM li et Glm lb wer s
tems nd conditions od which st manT et it oata
aed iEn i th ofhthens oraed witl be el ebisd htrl
osa T o le re tA. O R
OdR RELIABILITY IS ESTABLISHED t
lthe pFrabnber of this paper r topol t al aUa..
and ever modern Improvement. Ie f sl heed
GUARANTEED 25 YEA 3. "'thmjEn
Iome a written binding opy enre one of thebth
terms and conditionsorly ( a n ouilding. W OK AT
we repair it rase oaf T It aoamethad
9i, wl; also ee ,hdly mone im l ia at lowet wol e. Wrte or
anmaused. e these iOi tl. be old tc&. M
OAIS-M ATO O9C. 00,T DEMMY.W ,
Odk 9ELIABILITY IS ESTAMBUSMNE u Ao
no-test with us AM you? Jr"bor, aet have
the kbii.'her of this paperor Netropolit attomanl
eak, or (.rn Exehange Na. Bank, ;bo or German Exchange ank, New Yorki o
company in ihiesge. we ha. asai .1 u 15e5 omupy entire one of the 6
Chiesgo, ant 'tupo nearl INS peoe ix our own b oildlng. WS 1111.5341 T 155.
s al; also ev.vytliiag in unseal iro at lowest wholesale prices. Write for
sad unslmlustruhlnteaoIaL. UAdmI (seBm. Rsina ath aUe
86ARV O"RIP or CK & M O4), I"Dsi Will Wums. SI.
. OF FLORIDA
No.31 INo.., NSo.9 No.W No.3a
Daily IDaily Daily Daily Daily
ex. Men. ^exMo
2 45 p I aspila2om s
8 45 p J2p 92 ap 100p l09a
... .... tIplOiUlf
............ ..... l p isp n
21... M lla
t11 9P 8
................ .. . .. ..116 11
;........... ... ......_ 8l S
L.. l p 86p 1-O-
2I a 42 8p
1'2 | a 2 10
a,,:X ..... ...... 8. 4
;;3;a 7-0'0p 6 07P
: 53 284
s ..... .. 0.1p
S ... ... 684
... 4a b p Slp
6 = ...... i7tp
.71 a ..5 ...... ....
.7 47al.. ..if f 0lp
144 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.
l Fill W-ez --itwrm M-w-,i^S^Fff:ite-rff'
A High-Grade Fertilizer
"THE IDEA T," BR HANDS
HA H AV E TH ES E. 'i~
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE ............ $3.... 0 pet ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops) ......... $27.00 per ton
L F T AND E................ 3o.o per ton IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $ay- per ton
,. EL POTYATOMANURE.................$30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I...................$5.i. per too
iDiAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER..................... $2o.o per too
AI fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .IZIR COMPANY,
PI's Poo' rwaln H1luod andl aIone 17.00 pe toWe DOm v9-' d nUqaoo,The I&eal Tolhbeo Vrrtlilsr, $44.00 *r twe
' Ik A .-.4F .F t3 I1
BUT STILL IN BUSINESS.
The freezes ruined our business and now a fire ruined our stock
and warehouses, but we are still "ON DECK" and ready to serve our
SSimon = Pure = Fertilizers,
TIflE TRIED AND CROP TESTED
And never fails to give satisfaction.
All kinds of Fertilizing Materials kept in stock and sold at close
Please write us and let your wants be known, and remember that
we got the insurance and now you have the assurance that your order
will be filled, and we are here to stay.
E. O. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville, Fla.
9 : t i. / '
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