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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00007
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: February 14, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00007
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text























2~Bi~biu


Vol. XXVII, No. 7. Whole No. ,157. DeLand. Fl., Wednesday, February 14, 190.


$2 per Annum, in Advance'


Notes oa Cuba.
Mr. D. KR Pilabry, one of the manag-
ers of the cassava factory recently es-
tablished at Spring Garden, sent as the
following interesting notes on Cuba,
by Dr. Wellington of Jacksonville, who
has just returned from that island:
Agriculture.-To one who is inter-
oeted in agriculture there are many
novel sights, which at first seem incon-
gruous, one of which is the large two-
wheel carts with six feet tread, drawn
by a pair of large fat oxen, yoked by
the horns and hauling tremendous
loads. One yoke drawing sixty-four
cubic feet of broken stone, or twenty-
seven barrels of cement. To such of
us as have been contented in previous
years to haul twenty boxes of oranges
with a a pair of good mules, this seems
to be terribly overloading, yet the driv-
er rides in cart and the aalmals pull
without trouble or noise. 'hey are,
too, in excellent condition, as they well
might be, as grain and grass are raised
with but little care and are cheap.
Most of the corn (maize) is of the
yellow flint variety and is sold at re-
tall for 50 cents a bushel, Spanish sil-
ver, which is worth about 00 cents on
the dollar, United States money. While
corn is cheap, Irish potatoes are dear,
retailing for 5 cents a pound. Yet po-
tatoes are raised with little work and.
no fertilizer and yield from 150 to
200 bushels to the acre-at that rate-
for I do not believe there is a complete
acre of potatoes on the whole island
to-day, though there are many Ameri-
cans there now planting for market.
It is a mistaken idea to suppose that
Cuba is a warmer climate than Flor-
ida, for It is not, and almost all the
farm products of the temperate zone
can be raised here with success.
During the first days of January
there were in the Cuban markets,
green corn,' ncumbers, cabbage, in
fact a long list of vegetables, and they
were still planting for a succession.
Chickens were sold at from 75 cents
to $1.00 and eggs at 50 cents a dozen;
still they are easily raised, have no dis-
ease, are without mites or lice.
One asks, why is it it everything in
the agricultural line grows so readily,
and cattle, horses, hogs and chickens
thrive so well, that farm products are
so high. The reason is, "they don't
1.ave to." A Cuban will lease a piece
of ground for a term of years and plant
it to cane or tobacco, which will be the
only crop he will raise. He wil live in
town and go from there to his place to
work his crop and will buy his sweet
potatoes, eggs, corn, foar and meat.
thus having luxurious ease most of the
time.
With no desire to be rich; perfectly


satisfied to live and let live, with few
enjoyments. Beyond a cock fight and
an occasional dance, he takes life eady,
for the man, but the women seem to
be washing and ironing most of the
time. The clothing is made from a
warm heavy cotton cloth and is very
primitive, the yearly cost ifor the
working man) being less than ten dol-
lars.
The Spanish government is to be
blamed for this apparent apathy for
improvemeAt on ile part of the poor-
er people. In their greed for money,
they taxed the inhabitants prohibit-
ively. Small traders were extinguished
and the larger dealers embarrassed.
The privilege of owning a cow cost
$6.00 and to kill the animal when fat
and ready for market, cost $1.00.
To plant a small garden cost $5.00.
with an occupation tax for selling the
produce.
A Chinaman only, was willing to de-
ny himself all creature comforts in or-
der to plant and sell vegetables.
Fences.-Barbed wire fence is every-
where, from the famous trochas to the
pig pen. Usually a three or four strand
fence of this kind surrounds the haci-
enda, but they have hedges of triangu-
lar cactus, the stalk of which is often
six inches in diameter, and so trim-
med that a rabbit would hardly find
cover. Besides, there are stone walls
in many places, eight or ten feet wide
and five feet high, for much of the
land is covered with small bowlders
of hard limestone rock. In one place
there is a stone wall of copper ore,
though the land it surrounded was so
poor that the wall seemed placed there
to keep the cattle from getting in and
starving to death. To make a chicken
yard, poles are used and the sides
made from the royal palm.
Railroad ties from Florida, of pine
and cypress are used in all parts of
the island.
Water.-The drinking water in Cu-
ba is usually very good, though in
many places the wells have not been
cleaned for a long time, and being op-
en, more or less dirt and trash is blown
in. This water contains much lime
and is laxative. In many rocky parts
of the country, springs are often found
but in the level country the wells are
very deep. The water is drawn up by
windlass, frequently worked by a mule
or ox. In many of the towns the peo-
ple are dependent on a public well and
are supplied by water carriers. The
price is nearly one cent a bucket. The
streams are usually clear and the wa-
ter potable-in many places there is
good water power which could and
should be utilized.
The wet useaon ends about Novem-


ber 1st. For some time there has been little or no attention being paid to
no rainy season-in fact what should them. Guava jelly is the sweet of Cu-


be called a drought-but trees and
plants do not seem to have suffered
much.
Grass.-The Guinea grass grows very
rank-as tall as a man on horseback.
No wonder that the stock is fat as
there is an unlimited supply. The cat-
tie, when in numbers, keep it well
cropped so that a constant pasture of
good feed is found. Bermuda grass
is found in the rocky parts and grows
two feet high. Sugar cane is also used
for feed, which is very fattening-the
Cubans say it is both hay and grain
for the animals. Blue grass, clover,
red top were seen in small patches,
and many other kinds common to the
country. It is expected that under the
new laws that will govern the island.
that fat cattle will be exported from
the Island instead of being imported
as they have been heretofore.
Royal Palm.-The royal palm is a
very beautiful and useful tree and
grows wild all over the island. In
straight rows along the side of the su-
gar plantations, and in double rows
along the highway it is a thing of
beauty, utility and profit. The berries,
which are small, and shaped like a
cherry, feed the pigs; the leaves thatch
the houses and make the hats. The
leaf-spathe, which falls when the leaf
is fully developed, is some times seven
feet long and two feet wide, and makes
the sides of the houses, buckets, cover-
ing for baled tobacco, saddle boards
for the leaf thatched cottage, and in
numerable other uses where a thin,
rough, waterproof board can be used.
The heart of the bud is eaten both
raw and cooked, and the whole tree is
so valued that it is allowed to grow
even in the middle of cane and tobac-
co fields. It is one of the most beauti-
ful trees in the world and adds much
to the landscape.
With a few poles, some bark from the
mejana tree and a "palma regis" near,
a good house can be made in a few
hours.
Trees.-Oranges, lemons, figs and
guavas grow well with care, and pro-
duce fair crops. The orange is subject
to leaf scab, but very little on the bark,
rust mite, and dieback. The best
soil for orange culture has not yet been
found. The soil in most places is too
rich and too solid for a good growth.
In no place can trees be found that
equal in size or health those of Flor-
ida.
What care and suitable soil will do,
remains to be proved. Lemons are
scarce (Messinas are sold in the Ha-
vana market), but limes are abundant.
Guavas and fgp are growing wild,


ba. It is everywhere from the hotel
table of the peon's. It does not seem
to satiate as most other sweets do.
Here it is made very cheaply and very
dark and opaque, by no means eqqal to
the Florida article. This of course, is
owing to the manner of manufacture.
The cabbage palmetto grows very
large. The trunks are used for wharf
making and the leaves for building
huts. Castor beans and cotton are
growing wild. The bread fruit tree and
tamarind are often found, though not
common. The tamarind tree when Is-
olated is one of the most beautiful
trees known.
The Calabash tree, of which there
are two varieties growing wild, is one
of the most useful to the people who
live in a primitive manner.
The small kind produces gourds fiom
three to seven inches in diameter and
spherical, from which are made cups,
bowls and smaller bottles. The outside
is dark green and soft when picked,
but the fibres of the shell are so cross
ed and interwoven that after they be-
come hard and exposed to the air, they
are very tough. The larger variety Is
of the shape and sase of a watermelon
(which you may remember varies in
shape and size). Some are big enough
to hold a bushel, but the most useful
are about half that size. The bowls,
platters and various containers are us-
ed for various purposes of the kitchen,
even to placing over the charcoal fire
In cooking.
The inside is soft and pulpy and is
used as an alterative medicine and as
a cure for the stings of insects.
The people decorate and color the
outside of these dishes, making a pret-
ty and artistic dish.
Ants.-The ants of Cuba were not so
numerous as I expected to find them.
There are but four varieties. First,
the woodlouse which is very destruc-
tive, and much more of a pest than in
either the United States or Mexico.
Second, the common small one that is
such a pest to housekeepers every-
where. Third, the large black, and
lastly a kind that builds a nest of wood
pulp of the shape of a hornet's nest.
These are found in the woods and on
the trees, sometimes three feet in di-
ameter and four feet high. The con-
struction is very solid and it talel sev-
eral blows from a sharp machete to
divide them. The interior Is built with
symmetry. They are vegetarians and
comparatively small, about a half inch
In length. The structure would Indi-
cate a much larger Insect.
Bees.-The bee and honey industry
(Continued on Pae 101.)





THE FLORIDA AGRICULTU


Products of 1899.
The Times-Union and Citizen review-
ing the products of Florida for last
year, says:
'The Orange Crop.-The orange crop
of the State for 1809, of course, was
produced mostly in the extreme lower
end of the State. We have taken much
pains to secure careful estimates or
actual shipping figures (the latter pre-
ferable whenever obtainable) from res-
idents of the respective counties who
were in a poesltlo to be well informed.
From these correspondents we present
the following:
DeSoto county, 150,000 boxes of or-
anges (46,640 shipped from Arcadia
station), and 3,000 boxes of grape-
fruit.
Manatee county, the figures given
were transcribed 'from the wharf
books of the several shipping point:
oranges, 123,600 boxes; grapefruit, 6.-
024.
Lee county, about 40,000 boxes in all.
of which about 4,000 were grapefruit.
The county being cdhparatively new
and undeveloped, has heretofore been(
devoted almost entirely to the rearilwl
of cattle and hogs.
Hillsboro.-Mr. C. R. Hawk, of Tam-
pa, gives us the estimate of the coun-
ty 100,000 boxes, which seems some-
what too large. Grapetuit, very small
output.
Osceola county.-Oranges. 8,000 box-
es; grapefrtut, 700 boxes. The same(
remarks applicable to Lee are also ap-
plicable to this fine county.
We hoped to receive detailed state-
ments from one or two other counties
but none were furnished, hence we are
compelled to estimate them-Pasco,
Citrus, Orange, Brevard-at about 40,-
000 boxes of oranges and 4,000 boxes
of grapefruit. This brings the total
crop for the State up to 463.466 boxes
of oranges and 17, 724 boxes of grape-
fruit. These brought on the trees
from $1.85 to $2.25 per box for oranges.
about $4.50 for tangerines and manda-
rins, and $5 to $7 for grapefruit.
Where the Orange Crop Grew.-
Draw a line from Ormond on the East
Coast, to Tarpon Springs on the West
Coast, let it bend upward and include
Lake Weir. South of this line were
produced 95 per cent. of Florida's or-
anges this year, and here also, barring
an elemental calamity, will be produc-
ed a heavy crop of oranges next year.
A trip through this region will reveal
even now, after the freeze of last win-
ter, hundreds of groves in fine, flour-
ishing condition, all of them that dre
old enough having produced some fruit
this year.
At St. Petersburg mention should be
made of the groves of W. S. and F.
G. Lawrie, Col. A. D. Williams, C. W.
Butler and J. C. Williams, Colonel Jen-
ness and C. W. Springstead.
North from St. Petersburg, through
Largo, Clearwater, Sutherland, Ozona
and Dunedin, one will note the groves
of J. M. McClung, Messrs. Somerville.
Douglas, Oolllns and Skinner; at
Largo, P. J. Bayly and Markley, Jami-
son and Whittle groves; further north,
those of W. L Johnson, G. S. Rogers,
Dr. M. V. Allen.
At Thonotosassa we note the grove
of G. W. Adams and many others.
Down the Charlotte Harbor division,
at Wauchula, Arcadia, and south to
Punta Gorda are hundreds of acres of
fine bearing groves. At Arcadia Col.
T. J. Watkins, sold his orange crop
for $10,000; Mrs. Newton Parker. for
$5,500; T. J. Hockey, from a grove
of one and one-fourth acres near Lilly.
gold in 1808 $885 worth of oranges, and


Market Gardeners
make money by ,ctling their produce
into market early. Thlis is best accom-
plished by taking advantage of the
stimulating ef'ect of
NItrate of Soda.
It forces the inot Irutid grow th and
imparts quality, crispness, tenderness,
etc. All about it in our free book, "F' l
for Pla ts. Ask for a copy. Address.
John A. 3 ers, 12-Y Jolin St., New
York. AildtiPtc fr sale byfertilizer deal-
dr ecerysle ri.
Wr- at s---C fr LU t otf 0-f.


in 18 $1,tNo) worth. The grove of E.
A. Thomas is also noteworthy.
At Fort Ogden W. .T. Williams hlas i
grove of very fine, large and proliie
trees.
On Orange river are tile promising
-,rove of R. Ingamu 0. Tavers, C. W.
White, Borland Bros.. E. L. Wartmanl
and many others. Note also the hun-
dred acre grapefruit grove of --
at Manavista. and still, larger lemon
grove of the Manatee Lemon Colm-
palny.
Returning north, we find at Winter
Haven about a thousand acres of
trees owned or controlled by resi-
dents. Dr. P. W. Inman. Maj. J. B.
Briggs and P. D. Eyclesheimer and a
number of others. Dr. Inman's groves
carry much fruit this year; some
grapefruit trees as much as a box
apiece. Next year his trees should
yield 50 to 75 boxes per acre; others
nearly as much.
Continuing on north one finds hun-


dreds of promising groves at Orange
Bend, Panasoffkee, Leesburg, Eldora-
do, Orlando. Winter Park, Mt. Dora.
Oviedo, DeLand, Kissimmee, and hun-
dreds more down the east coast, all of
which will yield a good deal of fruit
this season. There will be oranges far
below Palatka, even down the river
to Jacksonville. There will be Su-
matras at Hastings and Glen St. Mary;
the trees are now from 5 to 8 feet
high. and exceedingly vigorous.
The Pineapple Crop.-Lee county
sent on this year, it is estimated, about
4,000 crates of pines, which netted the
growers about $12.000.
Around Tampa Bay, especially on
the Pinellas peninsula, there are
scores of covered pineries which are
doing all that could be asked or ex-
pected. One of the oldest, that of Mr.
Heard, has yielded this year probably
$7.000 worth of fruit; the others are
nearly all too young to bear much.
The crop on Indian river and Lake
Worth, owing to the cold winter, was
only about one-fourth that of the pre-
ceding season, say 25,000 crates.
The pineapple industry throughout
the State if flourishing. The East coast
will produce 150,000 crates this sea-
son.
Not long ago we published a letter
from a correspondent on the St. Lucie
river, giving name and acreage of ev-
ery grower at that station, and for a
radius of several miles around, and his
totals amounted to seventy-five acres,
all covered, and, therefore, all insured
for a crop. This is only one point, be
it remembered. These pineries, rap-
idly being covered, stretch along the
coast for 150 miles.
The covered pineries at Orlando and
for a radius of six or eight miles num-
ber about 175, and include about nine-
ty-six acres.
Fruit and Vegetables.-At our re-
quest the Railroad Commissioners
kindly furnished such statistics as
they had at command, showing the


a crate.
Eggplants. 30,000 barrels, worth $2.50
a barrel.
Watermelons, 2,200 carloads, worth


about $60 a carload.
Cantaloupes. 50.000 barrels,
$1.10 a barrel.
Beets. 35.000 oarrels, worth
barrel.
Green peas, 00,000 crates.
about 90 cents a crate.


wortli

$2:50 a

worth


Tobacco. The Railroad Commis-
sioners' statement is 1,701 tons of to-
bacco transported by the trunk lines
during the year ending June 30,. 1s )5
this would be 3.402,000 pounds, which
was about the crop of the State in
1S98. At 20 cents a pound, this w-
worth $680,400.
Cotton.-Cotton transported by the
trunk lines during the year. 37.~ '
tons. or 75.704.000 pounds. It is ob-
vious at a glance that this total in-
eludes much cotton from neighboring


quantities and principal productions of
the State moved by the trunk lines of
railroad during the year ending June
30, 189 These statistics are neces-
sarily imperfect, but the commission
officers hope and believe that they will
be able hereafter to furnish a more
complete showing of the freight move-
ments each year, as they have made
arrangements to that end with the dif-
ferent railroad companies.
According to this report there were
Inoved l y the trunk lines (i7, 0.-8 tons
of fruit and vegetables.
This does not include the shipments
irmatie by express, which would prob-
ably increase tlie above figures by 25
per cent. making a total of 83,822 tons.
Estimating the average package (rang-
ing from barrels down to one peck
crates) at a weight of fifty pounds,
we have 3.2:.2. 880 packages moved.
These probably netted the growers
$1.25 a package, which would give a
total aggregate return of $4.11,l.100.
To this doubtless should be added at
least 20) per cent. to cover tlhe ship-
Imeits made by other than trunk lines
and by steamer from Jacksonville.
Key West and Tampa. This would
give a grand total of about $5.000.4(Ml)
received from the fruit and vegetable
crops. including the oranges shipped
a year ago.
To give the proportions of these shilp-
ments belonging to the several fruit.;
anl vegetables, of course, would be
impossible. for no record has been
kept except by the auditors of the dif-
ferent railroads. These have not yet
beent compiled: perhaps at a later date
we may lie able to obtain and publish
them. At present we can only give an~
approximate statement of the different
crops, based on a comparison with the
returns given by the CommisSioner of
.Ariculture in his last preceding re-
port.
Tomatoes, about 650.000 crates.
worth about $1.2.5 per crate net.
Beans, about 400,000 crates, worth
about 60 cents per crate.
Strawberries, about 2,D00,000 quarts.
wprth about 20 cents per quart.
Irish potatoes, about 220.000 bushels.
worth about $1.25 per bushel.
Cabbage. 175,000 barrels, worth
about $1.10 a barrel.
Peanuts, 250.000 bushels, valued at
about $1 a bushel.
Cucumbers, 80.000 crates, which
probably netted the grower about $1
a crate.
Lettuce, 50,000 baskets, worth about
1.25 a basket.
Peaches, 100,000 bushels, worth
about $1.50 a bushel.
Beets, 35.000 crates, worth about $1


They are only bubbles, those maiden
ffncies of love, marriage and mother-
hood. But what beautiful bubbles they
are! Who does not wish that all these
fancies could end as did the old fairy
stories, "and they lived happy ever
after." Pain soon pricks
the bubbles, and nothing
remains of all the hope
and gladness of the bride
but a bridal veil and a
piece of stale wedding
cake.
The only way in which happiness can
be realized in marriage is by being fore-
armed against its dangers. Most young
women are ignorant of the fact that irreg-
ularity means a derangement of the wom-
anly functions which may
have far reaching conse-
quences after marriage.
With this derangement at
the start there often fol-
low the drains, ulcera-
tions and inflammations
which make life one long misery.
A certain cure for irregularity and
other diseases peculiar to women is found
in Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription.
It contains no alcohol neither opium,
cocaine nor other narcotic.
"I was so weak I did not
have breath to walk across my
room," writes Miss Isibel
Miller, of New Providence,
m lCalloway Co., Ky. "My pe-
riods occurred too often and
the hemorrhage would be pro
Slonged and the loss of blood
very excessive. I also had
spellwhich the doctor mid
were fainting fits. y stomach would crnp
until I could not straighten. I did not gain
strength from one monthly period to another;
was very weak and nervous all the time. The
doctor told me he did not know what was the
cause of my trouble and that I would never be
any better. I lived in this way from sixteen
years old to twenty-three, when the doctor dis-
missed my case. After this I was
advised by a kind friend to try Dr.
Pierce's Favorite Prescription,
which I did and before I ha taken / .
two bottles of it I could work all day. I
Itoiok in all six bottles of the *Fa-
vorite Prescription' and about five
vials of Dr. Pierce's Pellets. I used
no other medicine. I have never
had a return of this trouble since."
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets clear the
conlplexion and sweeten the breath.


States, transported through Florida
for shipment to other ports.

Farmers and builders will find it to
their advantage to write to Gee. H.
Fernald, Sanford, Fla., for prices on
all tools, implements and builders' sup-
plies. He is agent for the Acme Har-
rows, Walter A. Wood Mowers and
lakes, Remington, Avery and Brinly
Plows, Charter Oak Stoves and
Ranges, Devoe's Paints and Columbia
Bicycles. He has the best equipped
plumbing, steam and gas fitting estab-
lishment and tin shop in South Flor-
ida. Pumps, Columbia Bicycles, Boil-
ers, Machinery, new and second hand
a specialty. All inquiries promptly an-
swered.

Something New in Hair Waving.
Girls in France have discovered
something new. In order to get their
hair to remain curly or waved for
some time before putting it into pins
at nght they dampen the hair with a
little lemon juice and sugar mixed.
The effect is puite magical, and the
hair remains crimped for days.

GARITEN SEEDS.
On account of the scarcity of garden
seeds there will be sold in all probabil-
ity this year a good many cheap and
worthless seeds. Be sure you buy
from a reliable house. None better
than Charles E. Friend & Co., Man-
chester, Va. Send for their catalogue.
Will be mailed on application.


If you have a horse that insists on
gnawing the manager, the troughs and
every part of the stable he can get his
teeth'on, just cover it with poultry net-
ting. It is easily tacked on and the
horse does not like to gnaw It.





THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Oprldium peetabila
This is the name of one of, if not
the very handsomest of our native Or-
chids. It Is terrestrial, that is it grows
in soil instead of being what is called
here an "Air plant."
It is common in some parts of the
northwest, yet is not very usually
very abundant. It is so persistently
hunted by plant collectors that it is
becoming more rare each year. It 's
usually found in the shade, and us-
ually when the timber is cut away
from its native swamps, It soon dis-
nippewa Is
The following interesting account of
this plant we clip from Vick's Maga-
zine. We would be very glad to hear
of it being tested in Florida, for we
know of no reason why it should not
thrive if given conditions as near those
of its natural growth as possible. We
wish it were possible to reproduce the
the benefit of our readers the lifelike
colored lithograph of this Cypripedlumi
which gave the subscribers to Vick's
Magazine a good idea or its beauty:
"The showy Lady's Slipper, figured
in the frontispiece this month, is one
of the most beautiful of our native or-
chids; and those who are familiar with
it will recognize the correctness of the
likeness presented. It grows in peat
bogs and moist places through the
northern country from Maine west-
ward to Minnesota and Missouri, and
southwards in mountain regions to
North Carolina. It specially delights
in a place near a waterfall where it
may be almost continually bathed by
the spray. Notwithstanding its natur-
al selection of moist places there is
no particular difficulty in cultivating
it if its wants are understood and to
some extent supplied. Nor is it neces-
sary that it should have soil that is
more than ordinarily moist. For several
years a number of these mixed in a
bed of ferns on the north side of a
house were under the observation of
the writer, and they appeared to be
perfectly suited with the location and
bloomed regularly in summer.
This bed contained a good proportion
of leafmold mixed with the ordinary
soil. It received the early, morning
sun, but none afterwards, as a porch
sheltered It from the west, preventing
the entrance of the afternoon sun, and
also, protecting it from the west and
southwest winds. Except on rainy
days, or while the ground was yet wet,
it received a daily shower bath
through the hose sprinkler attached to
the city waterworks. This treatment
suited both the ferns and the Lady's
SUippers and all of them continued for
years to thrive and show their hand-
somest features. Those who should
attempt the cultivation of this Lady's
Slipper will find it necessary to secure
conditions similar to those described.
though a diligent use of water would
serve instead of the hose.
The plants grow from one to two feet
in height; leaves ovate, acute, downy,
sheathing each other. Under what is
called the new nomenclature the revis-
ionists now apply to the plant the
name C. reginae, the one given in 1788
by Thomas Walter, the author of
Flora Caroliniana, but it will be long
before this name comes into common
use, for as yet there is no general
agreement upon it. The best time to
set the plant in the garden is proba-
bly early in the spring, and they can
be procured of those few establish-
ments making the cultivation of hardy
native herbaceous perennial plants
a prominent feature of their
business, but not of plant


dealers generally. It is well worth
of cultivation by those having the
proper facilities for it, as the beautiful
flowers continue in good condition for
many days, and the plants last for
years."

A New Pest.
Recently one of our subscribers
wrote us regarding a flea which at-
tacked his poultry and dogs, but as we
had never heard of any such flea, we
were unable to throw any light on the
subject.
The following letter from one of our
Texas friends furnishes a new subject
for discussion, and we therefore pub-
lish it:
Editor Home and Farm:
Some time since a reader wrote to
Home and Farm asking for infornia-
tion about a new pest which had ap-
elared among his chickens, saying it
was similar to a flea, but much small-
er.
I will give my experience with the
stranger, for such he seems to be. I
have traveled over Western Texas,
but until recently a chicken flea was
unknown in this country. Neither
have I heard any mention of such by
any writer on poultry. In appear-
ance they resemble the common flea,
but are about one-half as large. They
do not stay on the bodies of the fowls,
but collect around the comb, eyes and
ear lobes in great numbers. They bury
their heads deep in the the flesh and
stand on end, similar to the common
tick. Do not allow any stray
dogs, cats or pigeons on the place. If
they are on either dog or cat they can
be found around the eyes, ears or on
the point of nose. An ounce of pre-
vention (in this case) is worth a pound
of cure, for when once a place becomes
infected with them it is almost impos-
sible to annihilate them, since they
burrow down in the litter in barns.
sheds, and, in fact, wherever the hens
dust themselves the little flea is found.
Three years ago a cat came to my
place, and having no others, we were
glad to keep this one. We noticed a
few small fleas on his head, but not
knowing of the chicken flea, we sup-
posed they were the common flea, and
thought no more of it until some time
afterwards we noticed that they had
attacked the chickens. The following
is the list of remedies we tried, all of
which were failures:
First-Sowed the premises with salt.
Second-Salt, lime and water mixed
and sprinkled on.
Third-Sulphur scattered over the
litter.
Fourth-Burn sulphur wherever
practicable.
Fifth-Sprinkled carbon on litter.
We had spent over a week experi-
menting along this line and the fleas
were making our chickens look pitiful
indeed. We then went to work along
a new line. As we could not salt them
down or burn them up, we determined
to bury them alive. This we did by
carrying water from a near by trough
and making the mass of litter thor-
oughly wet. We then dug a hole and I
threw the muck into it and covered it
with earth. Then we had them sure
enough.
We greased the chickens' heads with
lard; one week later we greased them
again. Since then when we found a
few fleas we began to work on them,
and have never allowed them to get a
start of us. If anyone has a better rem-
edy than mine, I would be glad to
hear of it.-C. J. Render in Home and
Farm.
.i-


99


NEW TOMATO FOR
1900.
..LIVINGSTON'S MAGNUS.
This very distinct and most prom-
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BEAUTY and ACME, is the latest
addition by Livingston to the Toma-
to family. It is thick r, heavier, and
more solid than either of the above,
making it the mot 'handsome sort
in cirltivation. The form is perfect
uniform, large and attractive.
Flesh very firm. It is a robustgrow-
er with short joints, setting its froi*
clusters closer together than most
varieties, and is thereore a heavy
cropper. It is especlaly adapted
f r shipping, and is remarkably fin.
for forcing indoors and out. Order
at o ne. -
Per Pikt., 2oc; 3 pkts Se; $pkts *1
legautly IlltestMed Seed Amsdl "e et der
The LIVINGSTON SEED CO., Celsmbas,0.





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and a full stock of fresh Garden Seeds. Also Grain, Hay and
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this advertisement. Correspondence invited.

PETER HENDERSON & CO, T, NEW YORK.I
-i. s -


GREGORY'S NEW VEGETAb ....

Many Startling Improvements Pictured
in a Notable Book.
Messrs. James J. H. Gregory & Son,
Marblehead, Mass, who have forty
years occupied a leading position
among the seed growers of the Unit-
ed Sates, have issued their 1900 cata-
logue. It is a book that must prove of
great utility to the vegetable, flower
and small fruit grower, whether his
crops are for home consumption or for
the market. There are many new va-
rieties shown, and some startling im-
provements among the vegetables best
known are vividly pictured in numer-
ous finely executed photographic re-
productions. The florist-will also find
much to interest and instruct in the
handsomely illustrated pages given up
to seeds and plants. Messrs. Gregory
& Son are liberal to their patrons in
prices and discounts, and fully war-
rant all their seeds as well as guaran-
teeing their safe arrival, prepaying
charges on all package sales ordered
for mailing. The American Express
office will receive orders for Gregory
seeds wherever that company has an
office, and will give a special rate,
lower than their commercial billings.

A good time to subscribe.


Vegetable Crop&.-The Manatee cel-
ery crop this season will amount to
100 carloads.
The value of a carload of celery is
approximately, $1,500.
lrom this branch of the vegetable
industry the growers of Manatee, will
therefore, receive something like $150,-
00) this season.
The first car of celery will be moved
Thursday.
Cabbage begins to move this week,
and the product will be much larger
than usual.
In the other vegetables the crop has
been unusually good, and the truckers
are in better condition than ever be-
fore.
Mr. W. R. Fuller stated yesterday
that he had never before known a finer
season for this industry. Following
closely behind the harvesting and prof-
itable sale of the splendid orange crop,
the vegetable movement insures the
growers of Manatee county a thor-
oughly successful season.-Tampa Tri-
bune.

UP TO 'PHE NEW STANDARD.
"I understand you are looking for a
servant," said the girl.
"Oh, dear, no," answered the. lady of
the house. "When I was first married I
i was foolish enough to occasionally look
I for a servant, but I got over that. I'm
| looking for a general supervisor of the
household now."--Chcago Post.


0





- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


CWI-TDTAlWA


State Superintendent Wm. N. Sheats
has made the first appointment for 1900
of the interest of the State school fund
disbursing to the several counties the
sum of $85, 407.
One of the shining lights of the pine-
apple industry is Mr. Russell, who it is
reported began planting twelve years
ago with $200 and to-day his posses-
sions are valued at $100,000. It only
illustrates anew the saying that judg-
ment with perseverance conquers all
things, and certainly Mr. Russell leads
the pineapple procession in Orange
county.-Ocal Star.
C. W. Kennon & Co's. palmetto saw-
mill is now running at Sanford. It is
probably the only mill for cutting pal-
metto in Florida, if not in the world.
The palmetto is very hard to saw, and
special machinery and saws are re-
quired. The logs are sawed into strips
of various shapes and sizes. The mill
is in charge of J. B. Randall, who has
had wide experience in sawmills and
machinery.-Titusville Star.
Lieut. H. E. Smith of the First Artil-
lery, has been placed in command of
the fort at Egmont Key. He has ar-
rived, accompanied by his wife. The
quarters at the Key have been arrang-
ed with an eye to comfort and conven-
ience of those who must stay there,
and they will find the place not alto-
gether unpleasant, If a little dull.
The $10 license of the new game law
has resulted in enriching the treasury
of Lee county to the extent of $1.(W
so far.
The profits made by dealers in can-
ned fruits, vegetables, fish, etc., in
Florida every year would be more than
sufficient to erect a first-class canning
factory in each county in the State,
and the profits would begin at the oth-
er end of the route and our fruit and
truck growers could grow rich. As it
Is now thousands of dollars are sent
from the State to buy these articles.
while sufficient material rots in our
fields to build up a tremendous busi-
ness. Such leaks must be stopped be-
fore the State can aspire to greatness.
Perry Herald.
Mr. Winget Is using the old bottling
works for a fish house. Last week he
shipped thirteen barrels of catfish, and
this week his shipments will run much
higher. He says the catfish run small-
er here than in Lake Apopka and the
St. Johns. In Apopka they run up to
40 pounds, in the St. Johns to 90
pounds, and here to about 20 pounds,
although larger ones have been caught.
On Saturday he shipped three, each of
which tipped the scales at 18 pounds
dressed. Mr. Brown the same day
shipped five that together weighed
dressed 100 pounds. Quite a number
of fishermen are engaged in the busi-
nes on these lakes, and their pay roll
amount to several hundred dollars a
week.-Kissimmee Valley-Gazette.
The West Coast Naval Stores Com-
pany, whose main office is in Pensaco-
la, is preparing to take a prominent
position in South Florida Naval Stores
circles. They have bought part of the
Garrison property on the river front at
Tampa for $20,000 and will erect an
immense warehouse and rosin sheds.
Several slips for loading vessels will
also be built. The property has a riv-
er front of 200 feet.-Pensacola News.
The railroad company and the com-
mission have agreed upon mileage
rates for passenger fares in Florida.
The thousand mile books are now on
sale again and commencing Monday.
the 12th, the tickets will be sold for a


round trip between any points In Flor-
ida at the rate of three cents per mile,
five days limit to the ticket. Straight
Sfare will remain the same as hereto-
fore.
"Never before in the history of Pen-
sacola," said Captain T. E. Welles,
manager of the E. E. Saunders Fish
Company, "was there ever such a scar-
city of fish. Two weeks and scarcely
an arrival. Half of our fleet should
have come in last week. Not a fish of
any kind and our customers every-
where clamoring for them. Our cus-
tomers in the interior keep wiring and
telegraphing us and can't understand
why we don't have fish. They can't
comprehend the unfavorable winds,
etc., that keeps the vessels out. I
think we could have sold twenty-five
to a hundred tons of red snappers if
we had had them. Business has felt
it, too. Merchants are complaining
that trade is not so brisk as it should
be. They are simply missing the
thousands of dollars paid out every
week to the fishermen."-Pensacola
Press.
Last week we referred to the fact
that Mr. Makinson's experiment in
feeding cattle had not been successful.
However, after turning the cattle out
to range, they were driven in to pas-
ture again with sharpened appetites.
and the feeding was continued with
good results. The cattle, about 90
head in number, are eating heartily
and have become quite fat in a few
days. They are fed on cotton seed
hulls and meal, hay, sweet potatoes
and grain. The expense is very light
per head, and Mr. Makinson is highly
pleased with the result. We hear of
several farmers who are also saving
the weakest of their cattle by feeding
sweet potatoes, cassava and other
root crops.-Kissimmee Valley-Ga-
zette.
Mrs. Frank Lee, who lives on the
Little Bayou, has a hen that has laid
her 57th double yolked egg. The hen
was hatched in July, 1895, and was
one of a brood that was rescued from
drowning and dried out by the fireside.
Mrs. Lee is very proud of her and
when she made her 57th double head-
er yesterday, she sent it over to a
Press reporter that he might sample it
for his breakfast this morning. Eggs
are said to be good brain food. Be that
as it may, the scribe is partial to eggs,
especially home-made ones of the
double yolk variety, and he wishes
that Mrs. Lee will have the pleasure
century of her star performance. A
of seeing her favorite complete the
peculiar coincidence is that 3, B. Car-
ter, who also lives on the Little Bayou,
visited the scribe yesterday morning
to exhibit an egg which he thinks con-
tains three yolks. It weighed one-
fourth of a pound, which he claims is
nearly the weight of four ordinary
eggs.-Pensacola Press.
Another attempt was made the oth-
er day to blow up the Consumers' dam
at Tampa. The would-be marauders
were frightened away by the guards.
The opera house at Sanford was
packed with hundreds of. earnest cas-
sava growers and some of the leading
women of the city when the cassava
convention was opened by George H.
Fernald. The morning programme
consisted of prayer by Rev.
Charles H. Campbell, a cordial address
of welcome by Mayor Welbourne, re-
sponded to by Capt. R. E. Rose, secre-
tary and music by the Indian River
band. At the afternoon session Prof.
H. E. Btockbrldge made an admirable
address on the culture and uses of cas-


TWO REMARKABLE CURES

Of Two Prominent and Well Known
People.

A Catarrh Cure That Cares.
Miss Dade Stegeman, superintendent
of the Chicago North Side Woman's
Club, of Chicago, in a recent letter to Dr.
Hartman speaks of Pe-ru-na as follows:
CHIOAo Jan. 2, 1899.
Pe-ru-na Drug M'Pg Co., Columbus, O.:
Gentlemen-Pe-ru-na has often been
used by the mem-
bers of our club in
eases of stomach
trouble and general
debility--also re-
cently in cases of la
grippe, and always
with the most bene-
Sflciary results. I
think a great deal of
Pe-ru-na--often ree-
- ommend it to my
Dade Stegeman. friends, and am glad
to say all who have tried it speak a good
word for it. Dade Stegeman.
Pe-r-na has become to be so universal-
ly reoognised as a specific cure for ca-
tarrh, acute or chronic, coughs, colds
bronchitis, that it is amazing that any
one should continue to suffer an with
such a terrible malady, neglecting to'
take a course of treatment with it. Of
course it may be that some people have
not yet come to know of this great
catarrh remedy, but it is strange that it
should be so after such multitudes have
been cured by it and so many papers
have heralded it from one end of the
country to the other. But the news
travels faster and faster every month,
and no one can faPi to see that the time
is not far distant when Pe-ru-na will-be
known in every household in the land.


sava. Prof. E. E. Ewel of the U. S.
Department of Agriculture, gave
instructions in a speech, on the cul-
ture and uses of cassava products. -A
great number of questions were asked
and answers given by practical
growers. President F. G. Perkins of
the Lake Mary Manufacturing Co.,
responded satisfactorily to search-
ing practical questions. The Florida
Agricultural Society adopted a consti-
tution and by-laws, and enrolled many
members. W. H. McFarland gave an
object lesson with instructive samples
nf his orange protection tents
Mrs. Verner presented us yesterday
with a basket of some excellent
smooth lemons and also a number of
Florida rough lemons. There are a
number of trees of the latter about
town, and as the fruit has no commer-
cial value they could be budded with
grapefruit or oranges and readily con-
verted into a profitable tree.-Ft. My-
ers Press.

Spontaneous combustion caused a
disastrous fire at Carrabelle Tuesday
afternoon. The combustion was in the
immense store of the Franklin County
Lumber Company, which was a com-
plete loss. The fire spread rapidly to
Dr. Boykin's drug store, the custom
house, telegraph, express and posioof-
flce, the passenger depot, freight ware-
house and a portion of the wharf, all
the property of the Carrabelle, Talla-
hassee and Georgia Railroad company.
The wharf is a quarter of a mile in
length, and the warehouses, offices and
stores of the Gulf Naval Stores Com-
pany were on the wharf and were
saved by removing a section of the
wharf. The loss of the Franklin
County Lumber Company was $13,-
000, with $3,000 insurance. It was im-
possible to ascertain the loss of the
railroad company and others, but it


General B. S. Yoder.
General S. S. Yoder, ex-Member ag
Congress from Ohio, in a recent letter to
Dr. Hartman, speaks of Pe-ru-na a fol-
lows:
WASHxIrowT D.O.
Pe-ru-na Drug M'fg Co., Columbus, O.e
Gentlemen-I desire to say that I have
found Pe-ru-na to be a wonderful rem-
edy. I only used it for a short time and
am thoroughly satisfied as, to its merits.
I cannot find words to express my grati-
fication for the results obtained. As a
catarrh cure I shall gladly recommend
it to all sufferers. Yours truly,
S. S. Yoder.
Pe-ru-na not only cures catarrh, but
prevents it. Every household should be
supplied with this great remedy for
coughs, colds and so forth. A free book
on catarrhal diseases sent by Dr. Harbt
man, Columrhi'. F'. ,


aggregates considerable, and is parti-
ally insured.

Most of the women one finds in so-
ciety in Santiago or Valparaiso speak
at least two languages, and most of
them three. They are excessively for-
mal with strangers and are fastidious
about matters of etiquette and dress.
You can tell the taste of the people
from their shop windows, which in
Santiago are as lovely and alluring as
those in Paris. They are full of the
latest fashions and novelties from ev-
ery country. In fact, it is the boast
of the people that they can buy any-
thing in Santiago that can be bought
in Paris. No city of the size of San-
tiago, two hundred and fifty-six
thousand inhabitants, either in the
United tSates or in Europe, has so
many fine stores or can show a more
elaborate display of the gilded side of
life. The shoppers are as fascinating
as the shops. The fashionable hour of
trading is in the morning after mass,
and the ladies order the bills sent to
papa. But the resentment of the
stranger is always aroused by the
crowds of well-dressed young men
who spend their mornings hanging
around the entrance- of the retail
stores, staring at the ladies who come
and go, and making rude com-
ments upon their appearance.


Before Bome was an empire Rome
was a republic. As a republic Rome
was loved, trusted and respected. As
an empire Rome waxed great and
mighty, rich and degenerate. As a re-
public Rome flourished and developed
great names and civic virtures. As an
empire Rome planted colonies and "as-
similated" many peoples and then col-
lapsed and became a memory.-Omaha
World-Herald.








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 101


(Continued from Front Page.)
extends all over the country, as there
is plenty of food for them. The royal
palm and cabbage palmetto are every-
where and the cacti, many of the hard
woods and towering vines rurnian non-
ey in quantity. The hive in common
use is a hollow log from the royal
palm, about four fet in length and one
in diameter, lying on the ground pro-
tected at each end by a piece of leaf
spathe of the same tree.
To get the honey they make a smoke
at one end and take out by hand as
much as is needed, usually about four
quarts. Bees swarm twice a year and
honey Iftaken as often as once in six
weeks.
We stepmbled across many bee ranch-
es, the color of the log and of the
bowlders being so much alike, that
were it not for seeing the bees, we
should barely have noticed them.
Birds.-There seems to be a scarcity
of birds on the Island. In Havana and
Matanzas there are plenty English
sparrows (a nuisance anywhere), and
in the country, black birds and crows.
in the Tapata peninsular and at the
eastern end of Cuba, the birds are nu-
merous and of many kinds.
Of these, parrots, brilliant and green,
red and yellow are so plentiful as to
be a pest, as they eat and destroy ba-
nanas and truit grain. When taken
young they become very tame but do
not attempt to talk. The.only use that
is made of them is In a stew or pie,
which is not nearly as good as one of
doves, of which latter there are three
varieties. The paroquets and nigrita,
a very small black parrot, are often
found in flocks.
The crow is larger than the North-
ern specimen, and is considered quito
good eating. We eat crow frequently.
J. W. Wellington.

Women are often referred to by men
as "doubling his joys and halving his
sorrows." That may be compliment-
ary but it would seem to be rather
hard on the woman. For In plain
terms, it means that where things are
going well with the man his wife
makes them go better. But when
things are going II with him, he
expects the wife to share half his bur-
den. And there is more truth than po-
etry in this presentation of masculine
selfishness. Men don't appreciate the
fact that the strain of motherhood
alone is a burden bigger than all the
loads that rept upon male shoulders.
They see the wife grow thin, pale,
nervous and worn without a thought
that she is over-burdened. Among the
pleasant letters received by Dr. Pierce
are those from husbands who have
waked up before It was too late to the
crushing burdens laid upon the wife,
and in the search for help have found
in Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription a
restorative which has given back to
mother the health of the maiden and
the maiden's happiness. "Favorite
Prescription always helps, and almost
always cures. It has perfectly cured
ninety-eight out of every hundred
women who have wued ft when afflict-
ed with diseases pecullar to women.
WANTED-Several bright and hon-
est persons to represent us as manag-
ers of this and close by counties. Sal-
ary $000 a year and expenses. Straight
bona-fide, no more no less, salary. Po-
sition permanent. Our references, any
bank in any town. It is mainly office
work conducted at home. Reference.
Enclose self addressed stamped enve-
lope. THE DOMINION COMPANY.
Dep. 8, Ohicago.


PEN AND CISB. SEI

According to the London Journal, i -'
the number of postage stamps now IA go
current in the world is 13,811. Eng-
land has 131 and her colonies 8,84.
The United States fas only 268 differ- W
ent kinds, while the little republic of pm-
Salvador finds use for as many as 272 at"o u
-w
A hole in his right heel enabled a
negro workman in the diamond fields
of South Africa to secure and steal
gems to the value of $273,000. These aI
he expressed in small parcels of fruit
to his cousin in King William's Town,
in the extreme south of Africa, from
which place both recently departed for
England.
--- *fl
There is one country in the world I
where it is considered a crime to l
smoke. Abyssinia is the region, and
the law forbidding tobacco dates from I


the year 1642. It was at first merely
intended to prevent priests from bnok-
Ing in the churches, and nowadays ev-
en foreigners have to smoke sub rosa.
as if they were still school boys.

Utopia is now known to be located
at Orea, In Sweden. The community
has, in course of a generation, sold
$4,600,000 worth of trees, and by
means of judicious replanting has pro-
vided for a similar income every 30 or
40 years. In consequence of this com-
mercial wealth, there are no taxes.
Railways, telephones, etc., are free,
and so are school houses, teaching and
many other things.

Farmers who live in the vicinity of
Muskego lake, in southeastern Wiscon-
sin, derive a profitable income from
the lake each winter by harvesting hay
on the ice. The shallowness of the
water in the lake bed causes the grass
growing on the to project considerably
above the surface, and when the ice
forms the hay can be cut with great
ease, though it cannot be got at the
rest of the year on account of the bog-
gy nature of the lake bottom.

If a man were to emulate the com-
mon flea, a jump over the dome of SL
Paul's would be trifle to him. If he
were as strong as the common horn
beetle he would be able to pick up and
carry away two railroad trucks, each
loaded with 5 tons of coal. If he could
build like the African termites, quite
an ordinary house would overlook the
top of Ben Nevis. If he could run as
rapidly as one of the small hunting
spiders, he could spring a quarter of
a mile without trouble and run at the
rate of 24 miles a minutes!--london
Standard.

Miss Caroline Hazard, the recently
elected president of Wellesley college
is not a college graduate. Her entire
life, however, has beeh spent in the
environment of college life. While a
resident of Providence, she enjoyed
unusual semicollegiate privileges. Her
grandfather was Rowland Gibson Haz-
ard, the philosopher. Her father,
Rowland Hazard, is widely known for
his many philanthropies. His model
colony surrounding his mills at Peace-
dale, R. I., has been of the greatest in-
terest to Miss Hazard, who has done
all in her power to aid him, especially
in.the cause of the advancement of
women. Miss Harzard has written
several papers on historical subjects.

An extra ordinary phenomenon has
been noticed with regard to chestnut


trees in a street in Brussels since the
installation of the electric tram cars.
The foliage begins to turn brown and
drop early in August, and Bude and
even blossoms again in October. The
trees on the opposite side of the tram-
way behave like any ordinary
trees, for they lose their fol-
iage in the late autumn and
do not put forth fresh blossoms until
spring. Botanists are inclined to be-
lieve that this singular state of things
is due to the leakage of the electrical
current at places underground acting
upon the roots of the trees, which are
otherwise healthy.


The Chinese are not adisted to the
use of machinery, but they know some-
thing about labor-saving devices. A
man who got so well acquainted with
a laundryman that he dropped into his
place to chat, one day noticed a queer
little pad of rice paper over his bunk.
Each sheet was inscribed with num-
erous hieroglyphics, and the Celestial
was asked what it meant. He replied
that it was a prayer book and went on
to explain that he tore off a leaf every
night before going to bead, so is to ex-
pose a fresh supplication for the en-
suing day. Seeing that the American
was shocked, the Chinaman assured
him that the prayers were first-class
in every particular and much better
than he could compose himself. He
added that hese queer prayer books
came from Peking.


A good time to subscribe.


SD MONEY
Webb sea sro.,

1 as a.a2tn ca tmo


be l MPl. Pth" atas














Fruits and Flowers
naxeorset*ry, .


























D. L PrIESO 6,
IT Morlasm.m. ed
ThiThat will kiles
an ayour arwsi



















breaighot withe sma ll fheweeds ots
the grass wil becme thi and






































weeds will disappear. Send for
catalogue.





































TFOE COPPER WILL DO IT
e aSuammit1 Nurseies 1me a eelu
u e wa oenm a sf
neeaLow:Areigh t a ei.





















Norr4 ctwor Po
-n- nawyu laws
U With f yIoukee
-t the weedscut

Te Summit Nremria feeaksa es oefootr
SATSUMA AND OTHER ORANGE" ON
TRIFOLIATA STOCKS.
raised Pecans. 1ilad.aes Ron"and a ins
line a 6ther wi oes. Shrubbery. ea
D. L PIERSON, Pro&
ct Maalogbu. e






That will kile
all the weeds
in your lawns
If you keep
the weeds cut
so they do not
go to seed,
and cut your
grass without
breaking the small feeders of roots
the grass will become thick and
weeds will disappear. Send for
catalogue.
THE CLIPPER WILL 90 IT
CLIPPER LAWN aoWER CO.
Norristown, Pa


As the Florida Represntative of the large
International Piublishing Co., of Philadelphia
and Chicago I am prepared to otEer extra in-
ducements to LADIES & GENTLEMEN to
work for them both by offering large com-
missions and PREMIUMS also both to the
gent and the purchaser of books.
In Maorgan SttueAgen.f
lii Fla. n








10 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


curator and brooder, has arranged to
make a good showing of these ma-
chines in Paris this coming year. This
machine has found a home in nearly
every civilized country under the sun.
:nd the company has complimentary
letters from all over the world, show-
inlg that they are not only making


Congress, urging that every effort be good goods, but make goods that give
made to prevent free trade with Porto satisfaction to their customers. They
A


nRlCO which was cUnLi empIla in a1 illi
for the government of the island sup-
posed to have emanated from the Ad-
ministration, will be pleased to know
that a report, based upon information
said to have come from reliable sour-
ces, is current here to the effect that
the Administration has receded from
its recommendation of free trade be-
tween the United States and the is-
land on the ground that such declara-
tion would furnish reason for the
claim that Porto Rico is really a part
of the United States, and on equal
terms with other parts of the national
territory.
This is the reason given, but behind
it all is polities. In fact that the
tobacco growers of Connecticut have
protested against free trade with Por-
to Rico, inasmuch as such free trade
would admit the product of the island
upon such terms as would ruin the to-
bacco industry In Connecticut, and in
addition to this, Western States pro-
ducing beet sugar have also protested.
and, of course, the fear of losing Con-
necticut and other States is a strong
factor of expediency, and in that alone,
perhaps, the Florida husbandman finds
the menace of unequal competition re-
moved from above his head.
The Cabinet officer who is quoted
on the subject in the newspapers here'
says that it will probably be necessary
to have a tariff on the islands products
but that the duties on Porto Rican
goods would be merely nominal.
There is room here for a good deal
of comment, for It remains to be seen
upon what goods the tariff will be
"nominal" and upon what, for tlhe
sake of expediency and to retain cer-
tain States in the Republican column.
It will not.
The Cabinet officer argues that nonm-
inal tariff duties would avoid the em-
barrassment that would result in hav-
ing Porto Rico make claim for the
same laws and privileges as original
territory of the United States.
Senator Platt of Connecticut who is
said to have been largely instrumental
in having the Administration change
Its .views on the question, Senator
Frye and other influential Re-
publicans of the Senate, are of the
opinion that a declaration of free trade
between the United States and any of
the newly acquired territory woullI
mean a virtual recognition of those
possessions as integral parts of the
country, and bound to be governed
eventually as parts of the Federal
Union.
President McKinley, in his annual
message, it will be remembered,
swung clear around the circle from his
position as the apostle of protection.
by recommending that free trade he
established, but since the prospect of
carrying some of the States would be
endangered by such a policy, he has
seen the error of his way, it is said.
and has swung back again, at least
part of the way.


Hatching Eggs for Paris Exposition.
The Reliable Incubator and Brooder
Company of Quincy, Ill., who was su.-
cessful at the Omaha Exposition for
securing the highest wards on this in-


* HELP FOR YOU

For honest treatment and a speedy cure write
or go to Dr. J. Newton Hathaway whose
great reputation is a sufficient guarantee of
satisfactory results. Consultation .o. Free.


aive SeIecuire space 2.3x16 ieet on the |Conuacted or Heruei- *I o g l f Week e "
niin avenue fronting the World's N s. tary yphllllsnalltts UW 1 Ul Difl-
Transportation building in Parts. They terrible stages, producing copper-colored cult, Too Frequent, Bloody or Milky Urine;
ort b pots on face or body, little ulers on the all funional diseases of the Heart, Lun
will construct their own building and tongue, in the mouth or throat, falling out of Liverand Stomach; also Catarrh, Rupture.
make the best exhibit of incubators thehair or eyebrows. decay of the flesh or Rheumatim, les Fistula and all Bloo
bones, completely and forever eradicated and 81in Diseases and all Female Diseases
and brooders ever put out in Europe without the useof inurious drugs, leaving treated according to the latest and best
by an incubator company. As an addi- the system in a pure strong and health- methods known to medical science.
tional concession they are granted ex- fula or r e which T respo
hibition rilce in the Pnlwce of Agri- VIuI @WI I t oed to a complete Ince of eessal. Write for free book ustpublished and
culture also. Note what Judge Theo- sexual power; alsoHydrocele, Gonortea, s ymplm b hd omdpCktr ao t OaI
doe ewes says n reference to the leet, Stricture and all Private and Venereal l. MEWTON HATHAWAY, I. D.
dore ees says in reference to the Diseases and Weaknesses of men quickly Dr. athawary a C.,
Reliable goods: "I have often visited cured. sBlov so 81 n"aws rvwa Se.
InIvION TRIO PAPUB wAIu W1eMX.
their factory, have watched the work'
men on the different parts of the ma- "PROTECTION TO PLANTERS" 41a 1 .-1-ubi s su e.ae
chines. have paid close attention to i the headline f an advertisement ap-
the material used in their construction, the headline of an advertisement aPIL
pearing in our columns of the old-es- M* SGeo A
and have yet to see a poor piece of hearing in our columns of the old-es- (*5
material in any part of their incubat- established seedsmen and florists, Peter ioa a
Sor brooders, i fact, doubt Henderson & Co., 35 and 37 Cortlandt wteriW Tfke
ors or brooders, in fact, I doubt if M 'Ookrioitio"e- T
is to the effect that this firm no longer by J*0
there is a company in the country street, New York. This announcement .ln.eib u ib
that puts a better lot of material into supply the effect o thatth fr nolonger s
their incubators and poultry supplies supply their seeds to dealers to se ll &a a iow sa
again, so that to procure t he e famous

p s~:,O ^^^purchased from them direct .444 4
Sueass Their advertisement also offers their me o in a few ho
am'. ,. A annual superb Catalogue entitled "Ev- 1101 1 Lip C s IE.
mae Pa blelsmy weed. CObsepse CW2894
-' L '- erything for the Garden," which is in w eamt aned S o
S' reality a book of 190 pages, contain-
S- ing over seven hundred engravings and
'A- st psix superb colored plates. This catas- W I
*,. logue to all who send 10 cents in
"c R'. stamps to cover the cost of postae W l
and mailing. In addition to the eana- Yt.ee. el beh.
logue, this firm, wishing to trace the ret 9 .w. 'ooi ha
S. .'. : -. result of their advertising In different
Tlhey inmake every part of their incu- papers, will send to all who state
Iantors and brooders themselves, and where they saw the adver-i'eient a pr n, n Seored and
eaC(h part is i'lade in its own special trial collection of six packets .if (Loice ='Ir ^\
department with a foreman to look vegetable and ower seeds contained ithene eat-
carefully after the details, and this in a red envelope, which whon empty &lo an* d for it. a'1*1
foreman is held strictly responsible and returned with an order from cata- -I a ,
for the quality of work turned out.- logue, will be accepted as twenty-five
Theodore flewes." cents in part payment. We advise our
The new Special Reliable Incubator readers to avail themselves of this un- wopus 1. :, Jseu Marden'
is proving unusually successful this usually liberal offer. ptd 0 IMPROVED
year. Numerous users report hatches lHAb I EEB-*Hi .
of from 80 to 95 per cent. The Special WANTED--Several bright and hon- s eo BSS O .M ss Pe Tnni
B*uiag., Onon, and U ons.eal ..
Reliable, while sold at a much lower ost persons to represent us as manag- ain drWc entaon-wnt O SL .
price than the old Standard Reliable, ers of this and close by counties. Sal- e**S.t 'sea mA-.TSme@.E.
is fully as well made, the same care ary $900 a year and expenses. Straight
being used in the selection of material bona-fide, no more, no less salary. Po- t'
and in the workmanship with which it sition permanent. Or references, any
wtork cn dedane t hOme referen ce. 111 PAGi1E j UijJa j
is made. The principal difference be- hank in any town. It is manly office
tween the Standard Reliable and the work conducted at home. Reference. T E O LS PAE W E
new Special Reliable is in the trays. Enclose self addressed stamped enve- bave nvedmanylmoILamong ne ~bors
the old Standard being equipped with lop. THE DOMINION COMPANY. PAGELWOVENT WRlBP FNCCO., ADBIAN, lIC.
the patent egg turning trays. while the Chca
new Special has the common tip over 2.75 BOX RAIN OAT
the trays. The patent trays require A MILD 8UGG TION. Ar RAIrs 9 .075
nlore space, so that a 300-egg Special "Is this the ladles' cabin?" S NIDlO MOKNEY. eO te N"
Incubator can be sold at the same 'Yes." Ae d t*wss. SSus
price as a 200 egg Standard. "Then why don't ydu write to Post- 8 .e.sb i ben, tabsee
We recommend that our readers master-general mith?" ewt a dyoSD.eo.t's S?4
slWhet for?" hrnaLdt nat yonr==e t
send to the Reliable Incubator and "T o have it excluded from the males." an and as yl as
.. .. -Cleveland Plain Dealer. ea.. .. a....


Brooder Company, Quincy, Ill., IUf
their 20th Century Poultry Book, one
of the best treatises we have ever seen
on the poultry question.
Send 10 cents to pay postage on it.
Mention this paper.

As the Florida Representative of
the large International Publishing
Company of Philadelphia and Chicago.
I am prepared to offer extra induce-
ments to .LADIES and GENTLEMEN
to work for them both by offering
large commissions and P'E'T" I"'
also both to tle agent and purchaser
of books. Isaac Morgan,
State Agent,


Kissimmee, Fla.


Taws ul o er M w ee md
so laj the cp. re agt ER
rrlcIL ifm raitI, U., aod
C;Pii5seeha KaU MA CKINT06 111l srtento"
style, easy tting, sade from he
waeiet- tooa -is*, Semine sm.C t
h a, fall length, double breasted,
sager velvet clar, fancy plaid ining,
wte rfoewedea. suitable for
boch ier O-rrcst, amd spumm d
s GREATOr VAIXE *or *red n by us or
bany other houe. Fr l "r s CotLb S
of Men's aclntolhen up to =
and Made-toMleasure 8uits and Over-
c ,ts at fr".n i rPO tolio.. write for .
P9 St 1PL,15 ROOK 9 IE AMr esm
*SARNS ROESUCK A Co. Inc.) CHICACO.
ailH al Th...nlgrirhllSeme.-. Ssea..


Porto Bican Situation.
An Associated Press dispatch from
Washington, gives the following as
the situation of the Porto Rican trea-
ty:,
Fruit. vegetable and tobacco grow-
ers of Florida, many of whom have
memorialized the Florida members of


gives Nl, whatillit?
at 1k. 1111116W


Noin E.Ty.P., adoilbe Sb..-
Bod~ing. Minn. by roin 0brk8lmsal
am oosoomkw% wlassud an
s ro DIOLI M WONTM FOR Wo .I
aron arth JIMiUAW a." @*.
o-luNam heat. My .E w


"I vtsUm set sum
&AV. witi lr.
IItosalzw. ::13


L








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 10l


PLOdAL DPA3BTK[ NT. gives a very good account of a very
common occurrence among growers
Address all communications to the of house plants. Probably ten house
editor, W. C. Steele, Switzerland, Fla. plants die from drowning where one
(lies from drowth:
Planting GSeds. "They have spared no expense for
Several weeks ago we spoke of giv- that plant windlot. They spent at
ing directions for planting flower seeds least twelve to fifteen dollars buying
in the next number; but pressure of the choicest, newest plants. They
work in another direction caused it potted them, and everlastingly fussed
to be overlooked. with them. the summer through. As-
Large seeds, like Balsams, Four 0'- paragus Sprengeri was yellowed and
Clocks, etc., may be sown in the open sere; the Boston fern had not grown
ground where wanted. But If waited. inu inllti tljle wolderful Acalypha sai
early will come on sooner if started deri and Ituella 3lakoyana that were
under glass. A cold frame covered to have turned the neighbors green
with grass is excellent If that is not with envy, had barely life left in their
available a box covered with a pane of ragged selves; the amaryllis had rot-
glass is a very good substitute, ted, the abutilons, begonias and fuch-
Be very sure that your soil is gooey, sins had died, and the Weeping lantana
and light; If taken from around an old wept out. Not one geranium or rose
manure pile. so much the better, but in six was alive. As for the rest of
in that case it should be sifted to clear this much hoped for collection, a flew
it of lumps. In planting many varie- had grown a little, and the r .St seei-
ties of small flower seeds, we use cigar ed at a complete standstill.
boxes, planting only one variety in a "They sent for the plant do -tor. the
box. tome varietles take much longer womliln for nlioumll vsrlytllil. pr10i i,.
to sprout than others. If two are in and who could coax leaves anI .',DweI!
one box, and one kind sprouts before out of the most refractory plant
the other, you must give it more air alive. At least so her frie'tls ai'l.
than is good for the kind that has not She asked no questions, ',ut S ic i'kltd
yet started. When sowing very fine ipl one pot after t le othei aud s:irn (d
seeds, make the surface of the soil very ti:e earth about the plat;r rol.ts.
smooth, sow the seed evenly, broadcast "I can tell you tle" troqlid'. sl:e ;ml.
or in rows, and merely firm the sur- The plants were all right when yoii
face by pressing down with a piece of got them: you have shower i ine fol-
glass or a smooth board. After they iage and kept it clean, and there a:c-
are sown, water 1y getting the bohx in- iW il1'rtr' Ill thrill. mo fri thrl iar
to a pan of water, not quite as deep as all right. But the roots are all wrong.
the earth in the box, and keep it there as is tle case with nine-tenths of the
until the surface begins to show mois- unthrifty plants. You have not used
ture. Cover with glass and keep in good earth. It is hard ant poor. iandl
the shade, do not allow the sun to solln of it hlils angle'-werns in. )ar-
shine Into the box of seeds or young win may preach until dooms day about
seedlings, or at least for only an hour e ti moriLIs dleveloping fertility in
or two early in the morning. Keep the soil il-ut every practical plaint
them where the temperature will be as gro\ we: knows they are ruinous to pot-
nearly even at all times as possible. Dor ted tpltils. Then naain. lyou have till-
not water again until the surface be- ed some of tile plants to the level ri-m
gins to look somewhat dry, yet small with soil, so that the water runs off as
seeds sown on the surface must you shower your plants, and the roots
not be allowed to get dry, dry and parch out for lack of water ,
neither do they. want to be though you have watered your plants
soaked a second time, as itneces- copiously every day.
aary In watering from beneath. 'he. "How do I know you have watered
best thing for watering small seeds your plants freely every day? Because
and tiny seedlings is a medicine drop- those pots that happened not to be fill-
per which may be had at all d"ug ed level full of dirt, are suffering as
stores-a glass tube with a small rub- much from watel' surfeit as the others
ber bulb at the end. With this you are from water thirst. The soil is ac-
may apply water to very fine seeds tually soured in some of these pots.
without disturbing them, neither is it and if you look closely you can see
as tedious as it would at first seem. thin, greenish moss that develops on
Some small seeds are better sown in water-sick earth. Such soil develops
the open ground, yet if it turns Iry a poison that kills and rots the roots
and warm it is difficult to keep moist growing in it. That is what killed
ure on the surface without forming a your geraniums and primroses. You
crust, through which small seedlings notice if you take a bit of the dirt le-
can hardly force their way. tween your fingers that it has a dead.
In such a case a plan adopted by a putty-like feeling, and really, it is not
neighbor to start celery seed may be much better fitted for feeding the
used. hungry roots of plants than a potful
As it is well known to gardeners, cel- of putty would be.
ery seed are very small and usually "Now if these were my plants I would
very slow to germinate. It Is always turn them carefully out of their pots, i
sown in hot weather in Florida. 'My and pick off all of the hard, outside
neighbor, sowing and firming the sur- dirt beyond the ball of earth that the
face in the usual way, waters well, roots bind together. Have your new
and thin covers the bed with grain potting compost ready, three part-s
sacks soaked in water and laid flat on gool yellow loam. one part clean, nice i
the soil, covering the whole surface. sand. one part old rotted manure well y
The sacks must be kept wet by sprink- ,ulverized. Almost any plant will t
ling as often as necessary, night and thrive in this mixture which i rich.
morning in very hot weather. Under 1
morning In very hot weather. Under light and porous. Put an inch of brok- I
such circumstances seeds come up ien crock in the bottom of to' pot. or s
with wonderful rapidity, and a close drainage, an inch of compo it o er it.
watch must be kept to give them light then your llallt in its old bail of dirt s
and air as soon as they appear. after which the half inch of space be- e
tween the plant and the pot should be
What the Plant Doctor Said. filled with this prepared potting earth
In a late number of Vick's Magazine,! Firin the compost well around the old,
Mrs. Lora 8. La Manee, of Missouri, ball of earth that contains the roots, a


or else in watering the water will all
flow off to the softer dirt at the sides
leaving the roots in the center as dry i
as ever. Water from now on, only
when the soil really begins to get dry,
dhln give in such abundance that ev-
cry atom of the dirt is wet. Plants do
not want water until they are thirsty.
and then they want a good, satisfying
drink. If no more is given until they
are again thirsty for water, the soil
will never sour. Watering at the right
time and in a sufficient quantity is
inti'ct tluiii half the battle.
"Then when your plants begin to
grow--which they will soon do when
over their water dyspepsia-and when
they begin to form flower buds, it is
time to begin giving some extra ra-
tions. That means liquid manure. Do
not give it to weak or slowly growing
plants; do not give it over once a
week. and be sure the liquid manure
is diluted with clear soft water until
a light brown color, about the shade
of not over strong tea. That will give
you i ig li: ndoliiull follago and plenty
of large richly colored flowers. A
tight keg or large jar half filled with
barnyard manure. will supply this
liquid tea for months. Fill to the brim
with water. It 1bcomes as black as
lye, andl is about as strong; but if di-
luted as stated, it can harm nothlin;.

or as a pleasant substitute to handle,
you imay get some .)f the lirepalrcil
fldwer fertilizers in package form.
Tlu- r rit cltirnul. r-nvl-nirnt. and lirvc
diretionis which are easily followed
Try nmy advice three months, then re-
port.
"T.hey took the advice. Result: End
of first week, plants looked better.
EIn10 if niith!. all wer' growing, ni l
of gooil. ifresl. healthy tolor. At 4et l
of thrtn months. nearly every plant
was in full bloomn.
"MIiral: Look to tlhe roots of your
plailts. anid le sure you know when
aiIl how to give water."


ID) YOU NEED IN ELECTRIC
BELT?
For the past ten years. Dr. J. New-
torn IItlinawny, who is recognized as
tih greatest of all our specialists, has
been perfecting an electric belt. suit-
able to use in his practice, one which
lie could furnish as a part of his sys-
tem of treatment, and which he could
,onscieintiously guarantee. He now
announces thint lie has perfected such
a belt, which lie believes to be the only
perfect belt made. It is light, hand-
soiIe', and of great power, and with
new attachments which make it suit-
able for every case. He is prepared to
furnish this belt to all patients who
need it and who apply to him for treat-
nent, at merely a nominal charge.
Write to Dr. Hathaway to-day, telling
all about your case and he will write
iou all about the belt, and if you de-
sire the belt will send it C. .0 D. for
inspection. Address Dr. Hathaway &
Co., 25 Bryan St., Savannah, Ga.


Pain-Killer, so justly celebrated, was
introduced to the public about sixty
ears ago, and now enjoys a populari-
y unequalley by any other medicine.
'or the cure of dysentery, cholera mor-
>us, rheumatism. coughs and colds,
calds. hurns, etc.. it is without an
fqual. Sold by all druggists. Avoid
ulistitutes, there is hut one Pain-Kill-
r. Perry Davis'. Price 25c. and 50c.
10


Sharpies Cream Separators-Profit-
ble Dairying.


Released From Pain.

More Proof u to the Effieaey of lr.
Williamr' Pink Pill for Pale Pee-
ple, the Remedy That is Working
Alaonst Mi'armlo (Cuaure

Mr. Mary A. Mason, who resides with
her husband, a veteran of the Mexican and
Civil wars, at No. 5 Northfi.ld Street, Boe-
ton, Mass. i- a firm believer in Dr. Wil-
liams' Pink Pills for Pale People, and she
never loses an opportunity to tell other
suferers what t ie medicine has done for her.
In a conversation on the subject Mrs.
Mason said:
"Atbout wfre years ago I war a sufferer
with rheum itism in my feet and ankles.
Not only wan I confined to the house, bat
there were times when I could not even
stand, and so iad to lie on the couch all day.
Sd "I employed
doctors and
S finally went to
Sthe city hospital
for a month, but
I obtained no
permanentrelief
rom either. I
then tried a
number of ad-
vertiied medi-
cines. One or
two of them
helped at the
\ start, and %hen I
o0ulid not and grew worse. I
was utterly dliscoraged. Oe day I read a
es{i inioilli praiiniig Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
for Pale People, and determined to make one
more Irial. I bought a box and before it
was l:ill, ,'one I noticed an improvement, I
onitiilei I titking them till nine boxes were
us" I up liy whiich time I was entirely cured
and I have Ieeni as well as, I am to-day
ever since, tie rheumatism .never having
retlrnie-l.
"A little 'ater, that period which every
woman ,Irei.ls and which often results
seriously--cl-ihair of life-came on. I hadl
heard of thle ',,p1 I)r. Williams' Pink Pills
fr P.,19 [',lI, hiiadl dlnT for ,tl,9rr womel
in this rest(,r, o I took them faithfully
and I catn I,,mo-stly say that they took me
through t'ilt serious period of my life In
good health, and I have suffered with none
of the disorders which so frequently succeed
chanl,- of life. I eaanot half tell what Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills for Pale People have
done fur me. I keep a box in the house, a
T am -ettii on in yearn and sometimes feel
a little run down. When I do I find that
three or four does put me rightagain."
MARY A. MAao.
STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS I
OBfTirt or irfu'WomdI. J
August 30 18.
There personally appeared before me
Mary A. Mason, and acknowledged the
above statement by her subscribed, to be
true. JAMRE R. Powalne
Jstice of the Pace.
All the elements necessary to give new life
and richness to the blood and restore shat-
tered 'ierve- are rontmined, in a condensed
f.rm. in Dr- William-.' Pink Pill. for Pale
Pet,le. At druggists or direct from Dr.
Williams Me lieine Co., Schenectady, N.Y,
60 cents per box, or six boxes for $2.60.


We offer an excellent stock of Citrus trees,
Orange, Lemon. Pomelo
",, Kumquat, Mandari n s
4 etc.. on various stocks.
T.all sizes and low rates.
Send for new list just
prepared.
SRemember we are
headquarters in t h L.
South for Palms, Bam-
boos, Ferns, Decorative
.s and Ornamental plants
freeof all sorts. Catalog
free. REASONER BROS.. Oneco. Is


The Practical
AND SIMPLE
BARBED WIRE
PENCE UILUR.
PRICE $a.oo.
V. SCHMELZ,
Sylvan Lake, Fla








106 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FULOIBA AGBICULTIIIST.

Entered at the postofice at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.

E. Painter. John McKinncy.
O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietor.

Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the bet in-
terests of her people.
Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Afiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
TERMS.
One year. single subscription...........$ 2.00
Six month, single subscription.......... 1.00
Single copy ......... ............... ... 05

ADVERTISING RATES.
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Articles relating to any toic within the
score of this paper are solicited.
e cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
rantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribtion will be regarded.

Money sho ld be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Orda'on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
sponsible in case of ls When personal
checks are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the ad-
dress of their paper changed MUST give the
old as well as the new address.

We now have an office in Jacksonville,
Room 4, Robinson Block Viaduct, where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to see any of our sub-
scribers. Any time we can be of service in
Jacksonville, drop us a Hie to above address.

WEDNESDAY, FEB. 14, 1900.

Irish Potato Culture.
The Irish potato, which from name
would lead many people to believe that
it originated in Ireland, is truly a na-
tive of America, but was introduced
into Ireland during the 17th century
by Sir Walter Raleigh. It is unques-
tionably the peer of all vegetables, and.
has become an almost daily dish on
the tables of the English speaking peo-
ple. The value of the potato crop an-
nually grown in the United States is
estimated at $100,000,000. Notwith-
standing its universal cultivation in all
kitchen gardens, it has become an im-
portant field or truck crop, yielding
frequently from 250 to 300 bushels per
acre over large areas. As many as 600
bushels per acre have been harvested
in a few instances, where considerable
labor and expense had been applied to
the crop, attended by soil and climatic
conditions which were extremely fav-
orable. The average yield per acre.
however, for the whole country, will
fall less than 100 bushels. We are now
entering into that period of the year
in which the spring crop is planted,
and, as every BSouthern farmer will
plant at least a small patch for family
use it becomes important to study the
best methods for planting and cultivat-
ing the crop.
There is hardly a habitable section
of farm land in the United States
which does not annually produce a
crop of Irish potatoes. The tuber will,
therefore; grow in nearly every imn:g-
inable variety of soll, but, as a :nauer
of fact, it yields more abun.lantlv in
those soils best suited to its growth.
An ideal soil for the potato is one
whieh is sufficiently light to offer tut
little or no resistance to the gradual


enlargement of the tuber, one which is
so supplied with organic matter as to
keep the ground moist at all times,
and so fertile that an unfailing sup-
ply of the necessary elements of plant
food can be constantly obtained. This
would apply to rich, sandy loam, well
drained, and which had been supplied
with plenty of humus. A stiff clay soil
may be rendered suitable by broadcast-
ing, plowing in heavy applications of
barnyard manures, or by turning un-
der a green crop such as rye or clover.
An extremely heavy clay soil should
be avoided if possible. It would be
better to plant in freshly cleared land
composed of suca soil, if any fresh land
is convenient on the farm. Sandy soils
produce a better eating potato than the
stiff clay soils.
Not frequently the same piece of
ground is devoted annually to the
growth of the potato crop. Potatoes,
being extra heavy feeders, work a tre-
mendous drain on the soil and the
same piece of land cannot annually be
kept fertile without very liberal ma-
nuring of the proper kinds of, fertili-
zers. Aside from this a clean crop of
potatoes cannot be grown on a piece of
land, which the year before produced
scabby potatoes. The germs of the
scab disease, when once they make
their appearance in the soil, can only
be exterminated by rotation in other
crops for three or four years. Plowing
should be extra deep, and thorough.
Three or four breaking with a long
pointed plow hoe would be none too
many. While the tubers form within
.e surface the potato
roots penetrate deep anywhere from
12 to 36 inches, according to the depth
at which the soil has been broken. As
the roots are given an opportunity for
deep feeding they come in contact with
and utilize much of the natural fertil-
ity of the soil which would otherwise
lie dormant. Single roots of the potato
have been found to measure six feet,
which had grown in soil specially
prepared by extra deep plowing. The
first thing of importance then, is to
plow deep at the first breaking, and
go still deeper at successive plowings,
until the beam of the plow easily rests
on the surface of the soil. The ground
will then be considered in good condi-
tion to receive the crop. Hasty and
careless preparation of the soil will
give poor returns, no matter how well
fertilized the plant may be.
As for other crops on the farm, barn-
yard manure is one of the most com-
plete and best fertiliiers for the potato.
It should, however, be well rotted, as
fresh stable manure applied directly to
the potato is apt to develop diseases
which in some instances seriously in-
jure the tubers. Potatoes will do wenl
planted on land which was heavily
manured with barnyard manure last
year. If commercial fertilizers are
used. the three elements-nitrogen
phosphoric acid and potash should be
combined. The quickly acting nitrate
of soda is the best source from which
to secure the nitrogen. A superphos-
phate, the best for phosphoric acid.
Sulphate of potash is better for the
potato than either muriate or kainit.
The formula should be, in a complete
goods, about as follows: Phosphoric
acid 8 per cent., nitrogen 3 per cent.,
potash 8 per cent. It will be seen that
the potato requires for its best devel-
opment not only a complete fertilizer,
but one running very high In potash.
The potash element can be supplied
by the liberal use of unleached wood
ashes, which will give as good results
as potash applied from any other


source. With an abundance of well
rotted stable manure, and the addition
of unleached wood ashes, a fertilizer
may be applied which has no superior.
The rows should be laid off on the
level ground, therefore there is no ne-
cessity for ridging or bedding. The
rows should be not over two and a half
feet apart, if the potatoes are to be
cultivated, as this distance is wide
enough to admit of the horse walking
between the furrows. It a lazy patch
is intended, that Is, one to be covered
with leaves or straw, then the rows
need not be over 18 inches apart. It
If commercial fertilizers are to be drill-
ed in the row mix them wel in with
the soil by running a scooter in the fur-
row a time or two, before planting,
as the seed potato should not come in
direct contact with the fertilizer..
Drop the pieces in the furrow from ten
to twelve inches apart, and it makes
no material difference whether they
fall with the eyes down or up. After
planting the seed should be covered to
a depth of not less than four Inches.
Very deep planting makes the potatoes
hard to gather, ana, if weather is not
Just right makes a stand difficult to
obtain. Quite shallow planting dimin-
ishes the yield and reduces the sign of
the tubers. Fresh cut tubers for plant-
ing will give better results n -every
way than those which have been cut
for several days. Cut the seed pota-
toes then, when ready to plant, or at
least a day or two ahead, but not two
or three weeks. In cutting seed pota-
toes best general results are obtained
by using quarters, rather than halves,
the whole tuber, or single eyes. If
single eyes are usea the distance be-
tween the seed in the drill may be re-
duced to 6 or 8 inches. My advice is
to cut the tuber into four equal parts
and plant the seed twelve inches in
the drill. For the kitchen garden this
plan is specially recommended. Cut-
ting the seed pieces to two eyes and
planting 1 by 8, If requires 14 bushels
of potatoes to plant-an acre, or 14,520
sets.
In a short time after planting or just
before the young plants break through
the top crust, it is advisable to run a
harrow with teeth set slanting back-
ward, over the patch or held to kill the
first growth of grass and to cover the
soil with a mulch of dry earth, which
will aid in the retention of moisture.
Frequent cultivation afterwards with
any kind of plow set to run shallow is
all that is needed to keep the crop In
good growing condition. Flat cultiva-
tion is decidedly preferable to the old
fashioned method of chilling or high
bedding. Mulching with leaves or
straw is only advisable in kitchen gar-
dening or small patches. The plan may
be substituted for future cultivation
after the plants have made some
growth. It is not a good idea to
mulch immediately after planting, as
a poor stand may result, or the plants
which come through may be seriously
injured by the late frosts. In gather-
ing the potatoes for the table along
through the season and before the
crop is harvested, extreme care should
be exercised in handling the vines and
tubers. A four tined fork is the best
implement to use in gathering by hand.
Handle the young and immature tu-
bers as carefully as possible. When
the vines die down it is the signal for t
gathering the main crops. As long as a
any portion of the vine is green the s
tubers will continue to grow. In har- I
vesting the main crop the plow, hoe or t
other implement may be used, which- a
ever may be the best suited to the sise. v


of the crop. Potatoes, to keep well,
should be stored in a dark place where
the atmosphere is cool and dry.
Warmth causes them to sprout easily
and light is injurious to the tuber.
From now on to the latter part of the
month is the season for planting in
our latitude; South Georgia plants
early, while the middle and northern
sections of the State plant later in the
month.-C. H. Jordan in Atlanta Jour-
nal.

Text for Farmers' Lay sermons.
1. A farmer who *toes not love his
business is not likely to succeed.
Work with no heart in it is not likely
be well done, for "when the heart
strays the work lags."
2. Hogs and hominy are al right in
their way. But the farmer who pro-
vides these only or mainly for his table
supplies is not living up to his privil-
eges.
3. Run your farm to make a living
from it, and you are almost sure to get
a good one and make some money be-
sides. If you farm to make money
alone it is doubtful if you get either.
4. Avoid debt as you would the pes-
tilence. If unavoidable meet it brave-
ly and conquer It.
5. A farmer's firm aim should be to
make for himself and family a com-
fortable support. Then, like the Dutch-
man in the story, let him try to make
money-honestly, ff he can,-to meet
the needs of the rainy day, so sure to
come some time.
6. If you want to keep your boy on
the farm, interest him in the work by
giving him an interest in the results of
his labor. To add to his interest pro-
vide him with suitable books, maga-
zines, and papers, and don't begrudge
hm a well earned holiday now and
then. The investments will pay almost
daily dividends.
7. The most profitable acre on the
farm is that devoted to a well-tended
vegetable and fruit garden.
8. Credit has killed more farmers
than it has helped. Like temper, it is
an excellent thing to have, but be care-
ful and not lose it.
9. Concentrate your working capital,
labor and fertilizers on one-half the
acres you are now tending, and see if
farming does not pay better dividends
and cost less trouble.
10. The forehanded farmer is gener-
ally the full-handed farmer. He who
keeps well ahead of his work is mas-
ter of the situation, and can take ad-
vantage of every circumstance.
11. The true policy of the South is
not to raise less cotton, but to make it
at less coat, on a smaller acreage, more
highly worked and fertilized, and that,
too, as a surplus crop.-Exchange.

In 1885 the State of Florida gave its
notes for $200,000 to meet the expenses
of the Constitutional Convention held
;hat year. In 1897 $100,000 of this
lebt was paid, and the other day the
Comptroller drew a warrant for the re-
naining $100,000, and still has a sub-
stantial balance to his credit. Few,
f any states in the Union are in such
iolid financial conditions as Florida.-
it. Augustine Record.

Forty acres of the Cole plantation,
:his county, is being planted in cas-
ava. The product is to be shipped to
SSt Louis starch factory. Why not
build a factory in Palatka and get the
benefit of the new industry instead of
allowing It to go West.-Palatka Ad-
vertiser.


I


i






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. I


An Oil and fertlaer Factory.
The wonderful possibilities of the
velvet bean as a stock feed and ferti-
lizer have induced some of Leesburg's
progressive citizens under the initia-
tive of Mayor E. J. M. Padgett, to un-
dertake the formation of a stock com-
pany with a capital of $10.000 to con-
struct and operate a mill for extract-
ing the oil from the beans and convert-
ing the cake into meal for feed and
fertilizer.
The idea is to put the beans through
the same process now applied to cot-
ton seed.
The uses and value of the velvet
bean have already been fully estab-
lished throughout this section. It has
been shown that even in its crude state
it has no superior as a feed for cattle
and horses; and when ground into
meal, it is also excellent for poultry.
In this particular its use is wider than
that of cotton seed meal.
As a renovator of poor land, the vel-
vet bean has been proven to be bet-
ter than cotton seed meal The vines,
which grow luxuriantly on land of an
average quality, make the finest of
mulching, in two or three years con-
verting the soil into a state of extraor-
dinary fertility.
Such being the case the farmer need
not use his beans for fertilizer, but
take them to the mill and sell them for
cash or have them converted into a
handy feed for his stock.
More than al Ithls, the production of
the velvet been may fairly be consid-
ered a Florida monopoly, for it has
been shown that it cannot be matured
as far north as Georgia and Alabama.
This is not attributable to frosts, for
S-Plvet bean grows, flourishes and
matures between the frosts of March
and October.
The only thing that remains to be
established are the uses and value of
the oil; this Capt. Padgett is now en-
gaged in investigating. le thinks that
it will be fully equal to cotton seed oil,
the price of which is now 35 cents a
gallon, and that its extraction will not
affect the quality of the bean meal as a
stock feed.
After the oil is extracted, the meal
can be sold for $16.00 or $18.00 a ton,
as against $23.00 for cotton seed meal
Here again is another point of superi-
ority in the velvet bean over cotton
seed; the former is the cheaper for all
purposes, and being at least equal in
quality, if not better, is destined soon
to supplant the later.
In view of all these things the mill,
or factory, which Capt. Padgett and
his associates propose to erect, is sure
to prove a success, a paying invest-
ment to the stockholders, a great pub-
lic convenience and a valuable addi-
tion to our public enterprises. We
are, therefore, much pleased to know
that thirty shares of the capital stock
have already been taken and that liMe
remainder will likely Be subscribed
within a few weeks.
The stock of the proposed company
is divided into shares of $100.00 each,
and the privilege is to be reserved to
increase the capital stock to $100,000.
We have no idea of the capacity of
the proposed factory, but it is of course
intended to be ample for the imme-
diate requirements of thai section.
There is no doubt that enough beans
will be grown in this vicinity to keep
it busy from the start, for the an-
nouncement that such an enterprise 's
to be inaugurated is sure to add to the
general enthusiasm, so to speak, in be-
half of the velvet bean now existing
here, and to induce the planting of a


largely increased acreage.
It is claimed that lands capable of
producing ten bushels of corn to the
acre, will yield twenty to forty bushels
of beans.
Judge Woodward, who runs a bean-
crushing mill just south of town and
gets reports from many farmers, says
the average yield appears to be thirty
bushels per acre. Some report as
much as sixty bushels.
After the beans are picked the vines
and leaves are left on the ground or
turned under and add marvelously to
the fertility of the soil.
A bushel of velvet beans, we are
told, will weigh sixty-five pounds;
hence at 30 bushels per acre, an acre
will yield nearly a ton. As they re-
quire comparatively no cultivation,
there is money in growing them at
$10.00 or $12.00 a ton or 338 1-3 cents a
bushel.
They have sold here this season for
75 cents per bushel.
Finally, as the velvet bean is not a
perishable product like oranges and
vegetables and is not in any danger of
destruction by frosfs or blizzards; as it
is not disturbed or eaten by rats or in-
sects of any kind and is the best ter-
lizer and stock feed ever discovered,
it is sure to become immediately the
staple crop of this region and,
through its many superior qualities,
contribute largely and speedily to the
restoration of our former prosperity.
Capt Padgett and his associates are
therefore, on the track, so to speak,
of a bonanza for themselves and a
blessing for this section.-Leesburg
Commercial.

"TTHE HECKEY NEST BOX."
Is just the thing. It shows to a certainty 1
which hen lays and the egg she lays. Also
pedigrees poultr. Nothing else like it I
.reat money maker. Poultry raisers must
use it to be successful. Don'twaste time and
money feeding drones, use this valuable in-
vention; cull them out and keen your layers.
Agents wanted everywhere. Big prots (Wlo
per cent.) Quickest seller out. Send Sc stamp
at once for illustrated descriptive booklet
giving full Information. and secure terri-
tory. Address, J. P. NHCK, Lock Box O.
Pittsfleld, Ill.


CHEAP COLUMN


**** i4*44I44i4* *q* *4* **+*+*4*4* ***,**O*
FPBIGIHT PREPAID ON TBERS.
SStrictly high-class sto ck. Warranted true to name. Free fr om
all 11urlous insects and fungus diseases. Extreme care to
800 VALfT [S. Oranges, Pomelos. Kumquarts, Peaches, Pears,
Plums. Kaki, Nuts. Grapee. Figs. Mulberries. &c. Also ~ ose
and Ornamentals. 4
17 YEARB established. Correspondence Solicited. Catalogue Pree. 4
E Estimates furnished. No Agents. +
: G.oL.Taber, Prop. (iLBN Sr. MAU N RSE IBdIS,
. elen St Mary, Florlda. +
A.44444 4** 4****+* .*4 o


JR PROFIT AND PLEASURE


BUY ONLY


ORIFFINO'S

Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultry.
meGIsrT QUALITY. LOWEST PmICS.
Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,

Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
A SPECIALTY.
Al the Standard Varieties of Orange, Lemon : I Grape Pbilts ta
stock. Also a complete assortment of the beet varieties of Peaches, Pluma.
Japan Persimnmens, Prs, Apples, Mulberries, Pits, Pecans, Grapes, On
namental trees, eses, etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
The most extensive propagting establishment in the Lower South.
Largest and most complete catalogue published in the South, sting a
complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon applies-
tion. Address,
THE GRIFFIN BROS. CO., """J A M .
C0ty Olce and Grounds. 11 Main St.



Farmers' Attention !

SPECIAL
SPRING
GOODS


Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
GEORGIA STOCKS.
PRAYINGG OrTFITO,
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies
Poultry Netting 1. a C0lmbia Bicycles
CALRTER OAK STOVES,
CARA RA PAIMT, ION3 PIPE, BOILERS AND PUePS
WRITE POR PRICES.


RATES-Twenty words name and ddre OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
one week, T5 cents; three weeks 0 cents.
FANCY POULTRY YARD-Btablished 1875. WE HAVE complete lilt American I D r A Q UlT
Twelve choice varieties. Stock and eggs Manufaot urers. Can buy for you at low- W B S A UI
formal Mammoth Pein Duck now lay et prices and ship you diret from each. um f t us *nm.uneisM
ing ALBERT FRIE& St. Nicholas. Fl. a Machnery, machines of all kinds, en- SATa ID i, m s snS.1 5tm .
68 gines, boilers, incubators, windmills, or M U n sPAsm mS r .
anything wanted. Correspondence aolic- &iW iT 11A
WANTED-To exchange Nursery Stock for lAmeran Tadeted. o "es cy go d A NO5
itssaAveacs Trades Agency, to us, skew me ofw'j ,,
Cassaa seed to plant from 10 to acr. Jacksonville, Fla. tf eor smallforag lwew and Sm5y
Address THE GRIPPING BROS. CO., Po. hesit abyele, CO. 0. subjieetto
mona Nurseries, Jacksonville, Pla 6-8 ei exss at ytur
SOUnR ViELVET BEAN HULILER is in espre ofeeana if found perflctlyat
OPPERATION. r faMy asandsr a m "aM C
500 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make Arrangements are perfected for loing 1. Llsyo amnd ess u.Speal
your hoic. hit nd Brown o, I your work promptly; our capacity be- TIE U lf Mj IT
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff ing twenty bushels an hour. Get your eith 1r 1oe 12 1& V-n4 -
of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to beans in early and we will store them. Made wtf sesalileSsa s
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cata- for you free of charge. Our charge for ak s hmt,t wea .irlM & l-u
logue and price list free. hulling is but 15c. a bushel for the beans Sia. Cuesm, neat, hsndome ptter.
5tf. E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla. after they are hulled, W pounds to the n. -Itanla lining, d rsids iuB-
VIL bushel.-. 0. PAINTER & CO., DE- i = 'lA inl i Sr.
VLLLA LN L-E. "TP RE LAND. FLA. =tf. Itin wbep S
6t. "0, rug of 5s nstr wo Norw to
Fruitland Park, Lake Co., Fla. I TrURs,wie frsrmple Sas .s i,contasinsfashi
Offers for July planting 5 varieties of 1 and WANTED-A quantity of Wild Lemon Seed i plates.tapeme asu d funllinstr~onshow oorder
3 year citrus buds. For good stock and low or young nursery stock. Please write the mes's slts made to rsder no aLes uPs e
prices, address. C. W. FOX, Prop. price to A. L. IngersCa, Lemon City, Fl. ~5~t ROEBC CO. (I C l, IL
""c OEBUC & ClI O.r Hnr r(hlasL) C ffI )
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand WANTED:-to exohage a lour Mill
Grapefruit Trees 4,500 budded. Box 271, near Toledo, Ohio, fo real estate prop- so YA idA
Orlando, Fla.. ttf erty it Florida. C(alSty o mill about
50 hhla. nor a--v Pares ri --, UbL EXPERIENCE


SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or money
,-funded. W. Mann. Maanville, Fl.
1slS-1lfl

BRONZE TURKEYS, Pekin Ducks, Black
Langshans, Indian Games. Rarred, Buff
and White Plymouth Rocks. Esm In sea-
son. Mrs. W. H. MANN, Mannvlle, Fla.
4x16 /
EGGS FOR HATCHING-Silver Laced Wy-
andottes. Brown Leghorns. 15 for (1.00. 30
for 1.75, 40 for 5.00. W. p. WOODWOBTH.
Ilstonm Ciy. Fla 4tf
SEA SHELLS-Beautiful Shells from the
Gulf coast. A sample lot of I2, all different,
for 25c. postpaid. W. P. WOODWORTH,
Disston City.Fla. 4tf
FOR SALB-A few trios of Buff Plymouth
Rocks; a 'so eggs from two yards, not re
lated. Mrs. F. B. HASKINS, Mannville, Fla.


erty to offer will please address their
letters to "Flour iMU" Care Aricultur-
tt, DeLand, FPI. 45 tf.
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fl.
47tf.
HIGH CLASS trees of all best adapted sorts.
Catalogue free. G. L Taber Glen St. Mary
Nurseries, Glen St. Mary, Fl. 43tf

O KEEu P BEES?
No matter-my -Mpage Bee Book
Tells How
It will interest and plans you. I know it
wl. It's free. Write today-the honey sea-
son's coming. J. R. seuaka"Wetuiapka,
Alabama. 2-1


[ PA J1NhI,


TRA~E MAsRaS
I*^ r Tnanc Mans.
^--- Dzaiou
COPYRIGMT ta.
Anyone seding a sketch and descrit
quickly ascertain our opinion free weer
Invention it probably tentable. Communies
tion strictlyeonadentis. Handbook on Patent&
sent free. Oldest srency for securing patnut.
Patents taken through Mann A Co. receive
spetil soatka, without charge, in the
Sclewflk JIlmecam,
A handsomely Illustrted weekly. IremWt cdr-
culation of any sientflc lournal. Terms, P$ a
fourmonths. S M by il newsdesloa.
26S 6 -NWJ!tk







10 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


HOUSUROLD DUPA3TMUNT.

Address 1 r-wz&--i-efiow to fousebold
Department Agrkmekuric aAr FIR.

A JEIULr 063513.


Uafll Suggestions.
When making an omlet never let it
cook long enough to be hard inside.
An omelet to be good should "run"
when cut open, says Prairie Farmer.
Pare, remove the eyes and pick pine-
apple in pieces with a silver fork,
sprinkle with sugar and place for an
hour or two in a cold place before serv-
ing.
Little onions are now boiled and
served on toast after the manner of
asparagus. This affords a change
from the sterotyped way of serving,
and will usually be found most accept-
able..
When a ham or any large piece of
meat is boiled for the purpose of slic-
ing cold, use plenty of water and let
the meat stand in it until cold. It will
thus absorb more of the nutritious
juice drawn out in the boiling process.
Keep a cup of vinegar standing on
the stove when cabbage or onions are
cooking. This is said to absorb the
unpleasant odors that otherwise pene-
trate to the farthest corner of the
house.
Even the most careful cooks are lia-
ble to upset grease on a well-kept
kitchen table, and when an accident of
this kind occurs, .something more than
soap and water is necessary to remove
the grease from the wood. Mix a ta-
blespoon of soft soap, four ounces of
Fuller's earth, four ounces of pearl
ash, and add a pint of boiling water.
Cover the stain and let stand until the
following day, when the table should
be scrubbed with hot water (to which
a little soda has been added), soft soap
and silver sand. fRinse the table thor-
oughly with clean, hot water, and
when it is dry all trace of grease will
have disappeared.
If every housekeeper would take ac-
count of stock annually or at even
more frequent periods, and keep a
household inventory she would find it
an aid to economy as well as system-
atic management. Knowing how many
sheets and pillow cases she has, and
how many knives, plates and tumblers
will be necessary to supply the stock
depleted, will simplify matters and
she can save many dollars she would
otherwise spend needlessly. Most
housekeepers know how much silver-
ware they have and count it frequent-
ly. but other less valuable things dis-
appear and are replaced at an expense
when more careful methods would pre-
vent a continual falling off in house-
hold necessities.
Arsenic is very often present in the
pigment used for wall paper and if
walls are covered with a paper contain-
ing a deadly poison it is natural that
the health of those living in the
rooms should suffer. It is important.
therefore, to select wall papers that
do not contain arsenic and the method
of testing them is simple in th? ex-
treme. Take a piece of paper and light
it and if arsenic is present you will
notice an odor like that of garlic. IDo
uot inhale the smoke. Another way of
testing the paper is to pour over a
little diluted hydrochloric acid. If the
greens In the pattern become blue after
-this treatment it is because they con-
tain arsenic.
If people only ate more fruit i hi -
would take less medicine and lhav-..
much better health. There is a:n ,ild
saying that fruit is gold in the morn-


lug, and lead at night. As a matter of
fact it may be gold at !'oth times, it
then it should be eaten on an empty
stomach and not as a dessert. wvbtn
the appetite is satisfied and ligestioi
Is already sufficiently taxed. Fruit tak-
en in the morning before 'i., fast of
the night has been broken is very re-
freshing and it serves as a stimulus


to the digestive organs. A ripe apple
or an orange may be taken at tli;s tinie
with good results.
Instead of eating a plate of ham or
eggs and bacon for breakfast, more
people would do far better if they
took some grapes, pears and apples
or if fresh fruit cannot be obtained
stewed prunes, figs, etc., and fruit of
some sort formed an important item
in our breakfasts women would gen-
erally feel brighter and stronger and
would have far better complexions
than is the rule at present.

Cheese Dishes.
A Florida reader of Good House-
keeping sends the following recipes
for "Cheese Dishes," which from the
source "whence they came," we feel
warranted in commending as sure to,
be good.
Cheese Straws.-Mix two ounces of
butter, two of flour, two of bread
crumbs, two of grated cheese, and ia
half teaspoonful of salt and pepper
mixed. Roll the paste thin, cut in
strips, lay on a sheet of buttered paper
and bake ten minutes. Let cool be-
fore serving.
Cheese Rusk.-Cut stale bread in
thin slices, fry in boiling drippings,
dip in boiling milk, then cover with
grated cheese. Bake in hot oven five
minutes and serve hot.
Cheese Relish.-Cut one-fourth
pound of fresh cheese in thin slices
and put in a pan, turning over it a
large cupful of sweet milk. Add one-
fourth teaspoonful of dry mustard, a
dash of pepper, a little salt and a piece
of butter the size of a walnut Stir
constantly, and sprinkle in gradually
three crackers rolled fine. Be sure the
fire is not too hot, and as soon as the
mixture is warmed through turn into
a hot dish and serve.
Jellied Cheese.-Grate three ounces
of cheese, whip two tablespoonfuls of
thick cream, and mix with a table-
spoonful of gelatine dissolved in a
small teacupful of water. When stiff.
stir in the cheese, season with pepper.
salt and mustard. Fill small molds.
grate cheese over the top and set oin
ice to harden.
Tea Dish.-Two ounces of butter.
four ounces of bread crumbs, eight
ounces of cheese, one cupful of sweet
milk and three ekgs. Cut the butter
and cheese into small pieces and<
put in a large bowl with the breani
crumbs. Pour on this the scalding
milk and add the well beaten yolks of
the eggs and a little salt. Mix well
together, set on the back of the stove
and stir until all is dissolved, then addl
the whites beaten to a stiff froth. Put
in a buttered pie plate and bake twen-
ty minutes in a hot oven. Serve inm-
imediately.-National Rural.

Cake Making.
A writer in New England Farmer
has the following to say in reference
to cake making.
Cake never loses its charm for the
New England cook and proves a strong
rival to pie in drawing out an audience
at a demonstration lecture.
Miss Farmer, In presenting hite re-
cipes given below, said that the names
of the cakes were legion: various frost-


10e THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


N O crc can

grow with- /

out Potash.

Every blade of


ings and fillings give a different title
to a dough of the same ingredients.
Cake making requires a strong wrist.
anm athletic, girls who row and play
golf are in the best of training for this
work. The best cooks-use a spoon for
mixing, although the professional or
chef sometimes use the hand, even up
above the wrist.
The secret of cake making is to use
the best of ingredients, great care in
measuring, and in combining the ma-
terials and in baking properly. Cake
making it after the most difficult
branch of cookery, and one in which
individual skill or lack of it shows
most clearly. It is an erroneous idea
that baking powder makes a different
cake from that made with cream-tartar
and soda. Pure baking powder is
nothing more than soda and cream-
tartar in correct proportions with a
little flour or corn starch added to pre-
vent chemical action. If a cook pre-
fers soda and cream-tartar and can
measure it correctly it is just as well
for her to use it. There is, however, a
tendency to become careless in meas-
uring baking powder and to use too
much. The practice of measuring ev-
erything level, as is done at the Bos-
ton cooking school, prevents this ac-
cident, and the latest baking powder
manufacturers have placed the direc-
tion on the box to use a level teaspoon-
ful to each cup of sifted flour. Sift
the baking power with flour.
Stirring cake is done to mix the in-
gredients and if makes no difference
which way or whether the motion is
reversed. Beating however, Is for thl-
purpose of entangling more air in the
batter; this is done by short, quick
strokes across the bowl. The longer
the beating tie finer the grain of cake.
I-se pastry flour for cake: if forced
to use bread flour take two tablespoon-
fuls less to a cup, but it will not give
as good results.
Fine granulated sugar is used in all
cakes. unless otherwise specified. Fine
cake cannot be made with coarse gran-
ulated sugar
Creaming butter tends to work out
any buttermilk that may be in it.
Iark shelled eggs look better on the
lecture table but are no better in qual-
ity than white eggs.
To prepare pans for cake, butter
with clarified butter then sprinkle with
flour and shake oht all the surplus.
Or line the pan with buttered paper.
Re sure that the corners and sides of
the pan are filled with the batter even
if there is a depression in the center;
this insures a flat even loaf.
Whites of eggs should be beaten un-
til they fly from the beater and do not
slight beating of the yolks. Keep the
gears of your Dover egg-beater out of
the water. else it will not turn well.
In baking, a cake should rise in the
first quarter of the time, finish rising
and begin to bake in the second quar-
ter. continue to brown in the third
quarter and in the last finish baking
and shrink from the pan. Decrease
the oven heat by opening the check
over the fire in front or by lifting one
or Imorle rovelrs. Do not set a pan of
wiate It is thloreticnlly better to put enllc
into the oven as soon as lixisc. ilut
most cakes. especially layer cakes, iare
not injured if. after being put in ti'
pan. they are not landed imnmedi:it.i,-.

TO CURE A COLD IN ONE DAY,
'rake Taxitive Bromo Quinine Tal,-
IPts. All drugrgists refund the money
if it fails to cure. E. W. Grove's signa-
ture on every box, 25c. 1.


every grain


of Corn, all Fruits


and


Vegetables


must have it. If

enough is supplied

you can count on a full crop-

if too little, the growth will be

"scrubby."
Send for our books telling all about composition of
fertilizers hb- adapted for all crops. They cost you
nothing.
GERMAN KAI.I WORKS,93 Nassau St., New Ya.








Candles
Not lns else adds sonmach
to the chum of the drawing
room or boudoir as the boftly rl
a ht light from CORDOV Candles.
Nu hing will contribute re or the
r: a success of the lunheon.
te or diner. The t decortie
.ndes for the simplest or the
most elaborate fnnctiGn--for cot
tageormansion. Made in all oolon
and the moot delicate tints by
STANAIID OIL CO.
and sold everywhere.






|Pyny-Pectoral

A QUICK CURE FOR
COUGHS AND COLDS
Very valuable Remedy in all
a affections of the 9

THROAT or LUNGS
Large Bottles, 25c.
DAVIS & LAWRENCE CO., Limited,
Prop's of Perry Davis' Pain-Kilk r.



TRUSSES, 4 $1l.25 AND UP



i, mm0.
t FA ORY than oDthird
the price che by and i I
whether yo wtor our or ew
rtk Reer U lastie Tress, illustrated above, ct this
ad. out and sendtOusith4Wlt 8PRAL risliCns
state your Elskit, Wlfd, Az, how long you hare been
ruptured, whether rupsure Is large or sal; also state
number inches around the body on a line with the
rupture, say whether rupture is on right or left side,
and we wil send either trnss to you with the under-
standing, i t a et a a r t a eq eal lreses ihat
rt a ttaree timhc .r preeyou can return It and W
willreturn your money.ahw
WRITE FOR FREE TRUSS CATALOGUE = I.. .*2
.ira uses including the ...r 1.00 "e .a t .
tb.term Btast say Cas, s-- widebwi rl I=$2.75i
Addlur SEARS, ROEBUCK A Co. CnICAO


LIQUID EXTRACT OP SMOKE.
An Imnprvemaent on the Smoke-honse f-
Preserving Meats.
Smoking meats in a smoke-house with all its
delays and annoyances and the constant dan-
ger of thieves getting the
meats is being rapidly done
away with as farmers and
stock raisers become better
acquainted with the clean-
lines, safety and saving of
time that come from using
the Liquid Extract ofSmoke prepared
Sby I. Krauser & Bro., of Milton, Pa.
The liquid Is applied with a brush or
a spongeand the meats can be hung In a
garret or other safe place, away from
thieves, either four-legged or two-legged.
Krauser's Liquid Extract of Smoke Is
prepared from selected hickory wood.
It ntains the lame ingredients that preserve
meat when the wood is burned under It In a
smoke-house. It improves the flavor of meat,
is perfectly healthful and is a better safeguard
against insects than the old way of smoking.
The manufacturers will send circuies to any
one interested.


Grass,








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


POULTRY DEPARTMENT.

Address all co. mmleations to Poultro De-
otrtmett, Box sio DeL. id Fla.

The White Minorca.
Dr. .. W. Lyde, president of the
American White Minorca Club, gives
the following as the most prominent
qualities of his favorite bird:
Since my election to the presidency of
the American White Minorca Club, I
have been requested to give some of
the qualities of this noble breed which
is coming to the front so rapidly. The
immediate cause of such popularity is
largely owing to the great increase in
size. Since the Importation of new
strains we have a much larger frame,
snowy white feathers, a handsome
comb with much finer texture, and a
particularly beautiful low tall, some-
thing that has been wanting in the Mi-
uorca breeds In the past, and which
fanciers have striven many years to
obtain. There has been too much of
the squirrel tail and birds small in
size. Many other defects have been
o\ ercome until now we have the pride
of the show room.
Their qualities as broilers are second
to none; as table fowls they are equal
to any breed known, their meat being
juicy and of a fine flavor, being finer
grained than the heavier breeds.
While many chickens are called
white, they do not prove to be such,
as the pigment forming the yellow legs
bestows or imparts some of its depos-
its on the feathers, thus giving them a
brassy appearance. The leg of the
White Minorca is of a light pink color,
and therefore does not impart this yel-
low cast to the feathers. The lllte
Minorca. therefore, being white in Pv-
ery section, with the exception of its
big red comb and wattles, presents a
striking appearance and is the pride
of the true fancier. White Minorcas
are very active fowls, being great for-
agers, and while keeping up a continu-
al hunt for Nature's supplies, they, at
the same time are keeping their diges-
tive organs in good condition making
them one of the healthiest, and there-
fore one of the most satisfactory
breeds to handle. As eggs producers
they excel the well known black varie-
ty. This has been definitely proven by
recent tests under careful supervision,
and considering the size and density
of the egg laid, they can properly lay
claim to being the champion egg pro-
ducers.
Some breeders have strongly urged
reducing the standard weight of Mi-
norcas, and against this I wish to en-
ter my earnest protest. With the
White Minorca in its present state of
development, it Is, in my judgment.
entirely unnecessary to do this, as
birds of standard weight and over can
easily be raised if the proper care is
given them. Any breeder doubting this
statement can verify same by attend-
ing some of the large poultry exhibits
where these breeds are shown.-Inter-
State Poultryman.

Ground Food for Poultry.
Every once in awhile we see in
some of the papers articles attacking
the feeding of soft food to poultry. Yet
soft food like most other kinds of
feed is of the greatest value when
properly fed. It may indeed be det-
rimental to the fowls if improperly fed.
It may easily be conceived that mak-
ing soft feeds a constant ration would
throw out of order the entire digestive-


Talking Turkey.
The turkey is by nature a wild bird,
and is fund in cold as well as in warm
climates. At is an American bird, and
I can remember when droves of wild
turkeys were no uncommon sight in
my native state, Virginia. These tur-
keys never had a hot mash nor a drink
of hot water. They roosted in the
highest pine trees they could find, and
drank from the flowing streams anid
springs in that mountainous region.
They gathered the grain of the fields,
and the insects which they caught
served for meat. So if I were to se-
lect an ideal place for raising turkeys,
I should select a rocky, hilly place,
with plenty of running water and
plenty of grass, bounded by unlimited
range, a place free from coyotes. fox-
es, minks, weasels and everything else
which would destroy my flock. I
should let them do just as they pleas-
ed, except I should feed them and pet
them just enough to keep them gen-
tle. I do not believe I should ever be


organs of the fowls. It would prob- troubled with cholera, or any of the
ably have this effect if fed to fowis diseases incident to tenderly raised


that had a very large ration of green
stuff, especially in the summer time;
as in that case it would be substituted
for the grain ration instead of being
used to balance the grain ration.
Tie real value of ground feed is in
feeding it to take the place of part of
the grain and so render the work of
the grinding organs of the fowls less'
severe. The fowl that has nothing but
grain from the tim6 the ground
freezes in the fall till the time the
Wlrs' starts in the spring is the fowl
tl at develops symptoms of a ruined di-
gestive system at the time thi
most eggs are expected in the spring.
A warm feed of ground feed once a
arlnt ,a. a n-ondertul effect in prevent-
ing those disorders that are so frequent
with fows confined and heavily fed
on grain feed. The reason that this is
not more universally adopted is the
disinclination of the farmers to take
the trouble to scald this feed over
night or even in the morning. It is so
easy to toss a measure of corn to the
fowls that many of them get no other
food.-FPirii, Field and Firelsde.

The Peanut for Poultry.
The peanut is one of the best foods
that I have ever fed to poultry; it ex-
eels corn, wheat or oats for laying
hens, as well as for growing chicks.
Hens or chicks will not get so fat on
them as they will on corn or wheat.
eiici will lay more egs and chicba
will grow faster than If fed on corn or
wheat. They are a health giving food
to all kinds of poultry. They will
grow in most any kind of soil from
the poorest white sand to a sandy clay.
They will get ripe further north than
tile very earlient co-i. I U can raise
more peanuts to a given piece of
ground than you can of corn or wheat,
and not so much work to raise them
as it is to raise corn. They are
best food to throw in the scratching
shed, with tops and all, hens can be
kept busy all day, they will work for
them and lay too. When you are rais-
ing peanuts you must be sure and
raise the right kind, the little Spanish
are the best to plant. Some seedmen
offer the Spanish peanut, but it is not
the little Spanish that I am raising
now. I have tried several of them and
they never got ripe, until I made a
trip through the South and found the
right thing, that was the little Spanish
which I have planted ever since.-
American Poultry Advocate.


: for delivery by January 1st. Address all orders and enquiries to


3 P.F. WILSON
JACKBONVILI


I, PLA. :
4
L <


T Yr.,.


MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.


Florida
New York
Phila-
delphia &
Boston
From Brunswick direct to
New York.


Passesger serve.
tion with steamers leave
Jacksonville Thursday
t:0 m.. or Feramadila
1:30 p. ,, via Oumberland
steamer; supper On route.
Pasengers on arrTial at
Brunswick gong directly
aboard steamer.


OIMPOSD SAILINGS for Web 1300.
i6RTH UifUH-BVI1g4wicK, GL. DIaIECT TO NEW YO2I. IBAYIBQ aYm y
FRIDAY AS FOLLOWS:
S. 8. COLORADO .............................. Friday, February 16.
S. S. RIO GRANDE ............................. .Friday, February 28.
S. S. COLORAD,.. ................................ Friday, March 2.
RIO GRANDE..... ....................... .. ..... .Frfday, March 9.
SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO BRUNSWICK. STEAMERS LEAVE PIER S
F. R., EVERY FRIDAY, 3:00 P. M.
For general informaiioe, tls~i4;, teeag. waes, Me_. apply to
BASIL GILL, 20 W. Day Street Jadrarkcarie, I
H. H. Raymond. General Southern Agent, Brunsick. Ga..
H. Mallorv & Co.. enral Agent.. Pier 20E. R. and 38 Broadcay, i. Y


. ve You Either an


Orange Grove or Garden ?
ave yo anytatig to do with eth er PrHt or VaM te?
Then keei, I.. touch with your work by m tcrtbtUtrr the

American Frattand Vegetable Journal,
Pubullse at TI3 Masonic Temp :, CIh Is gs, Ii.

All departments of the Frult and Vegetable business disclosed by practical, experienced
parties.
FR E E We will ,end this excellent paper absolutely tree for one year to
all new suhcribers to this paper, and to all old subscribers paying
their subscription one year in l advance. Both papers for the.tr
of one. Send your subscription to this oile rhile this or 1
3pen. Both papers 800.AG
FLORIIDA AGRICULTURIST.


fowls. But since this ideal place is keys frequently are attacked with
not attainable, I do the very best I roup symptoms. I also observe that
can. I have demonstrated that thirty if turkeys are not taught to roost In
turkeys can be kept on less than an the same place they frequently change
acre of ground during laying season by their roosting places; hence I conclude
turning them out each day after they that it is better for them to do so, and
have laid in an orchard, where they we all know that the higher a turkey
got water and ate apples and insects can get at night the better pleased he
and plenty of grass. Out of this thirty is, so I think pure air is very neces-
not one was sick. Eleven were ship- sary for them. I think, too, that ex-
ped June 1, and the remaining nine- tremf changes in climate produce
teen are still healthy. However, they roup, yet I did not have a case of group
have had plenty of freedom since July, in my yards last winter as cold as it
so that while I believe free range pref- was, and the care of my fowls for two
erable. I have demonstrated that tur- months was left to my husband and
keys can be successfully handled little boy, who are not very much In
in limited space. To do this they must love with poultry, and they thought
be supplied with those articles of food when they gave plenty of corn they
which they get on free range. I have had done their duty. Nothing but se-
kept grit. oyster shells and lime before vere illness could have induced me to
them constantly. For me to say that fail to give them my personal atten-
I do not know what causes roup and tion. The greatest loss suffered was
then tell you that I believe filth pro- from tome fighting, and this caused
duces it may seem contradictory, yet swelled head, which finally killed
yet I have noticed that when turkeys them. By the way, I should like to
roost low in the same place and the ask if any one can give a preventive
droppings are either not removed or for fighting?-Mrs. B. G. Mackey, In
are kept covered with lime, these tur- Reliable Poultry Journal.


* t


Seed Seed |

. Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gaineville
Sto Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special inducements to pur-
: chasers of SEED OATS, SEED POTATOES, VELVET BEANS, etc.
+ I have 800 ponnda . , . . . ..


4, 4, # + # 0 + + + 4 0 +# f + ++ 4 + + + + + # + # ++ # + + + # + +* # # # # + # 0


I I -_


GqhX Fur6 qhqrAlohpe See,&


r







10 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


THE INDIANS' TREAS-
URE HOUSE.
By Augustus Porter Barnard.
With more or less difficulty I finally
reached the mouth of the cave, fully
150 feet above the stream, and
but barely visible from the read.
There I saw that the hole opened into
a wide passage way whose continua-
tion was lost in the gloom.
I walked with confident tread until
the light became too dim, then careful-
ly groped my way fearing pitfalls and
crevices. Suddenly the cave or tunnel
veered abruptly to the left, and finding
myself nl perfect darkness, I now
lighted my bit of candle. Ardently did
I wish at this juncture for a clue line,
regretting the fishing tackle I had left
by the stream, but having none, went
blindly on, trusting to luck.
I had not proceeded very far before
the rock on either hand fell away and
I found myself in a cavern, but of
what size it was impossible for me to
tell. Hardly knowing which way to
go, I naturally at first moved straight
forward; then I turned to the right
and after walking about fifty or sixty
feet, brought up against the solid rock.
I followed this to the left, but before
I had'preceeded far I stopped, amazed
at the sight I saw. Seated on stones
were the figures of five men, mum-
mies and plainly Indians, as the rem-
nants of their dress and the tawny.
dried up skin and long, black hair
proved.
For a while I was astonished rather
than horrified, a vague curiosity and
wonder filling me. My first thought
was that they were guarding a hidden
treasure, seated over it. I examined
the rock at their feet carefully, but it
was the same as the rock all round,
without sign of Break or crevice.
Chance made me stand at one side,
and as I Iqoked at the mummies atten-
tively, for the Afrst time, I noticed that
the one seated in the middle, who
from his ornaments was evidently a
chief, was of larger statute than the
others, and, moreover, leaned against
the wall, while his companions sat bolt
upright.
This caused me to look at the rook
behind him attentively. Suddenly with
a shout that echoed strangely through
that dome-lke cavern, I caught him
rudely by the shoulder, and with all
my might hurled him violently to the
ground. The minute crack revealed
to my eyes by the shriveling and
shrinking in of his shoulders became
at once a narrow opening through
which a man of my size could easily
pass. It was the guarded entrance to
the treasure house I felt sure.


disappeared, and I stood in the im-
mensity of darkness which seemed to
gather about and press in upon tBe
flame of my candle.
Caution now made me take from an
inner pocket my little red book of fly
hooks, and carefully place it on the
ground just where I stood. This, per-
haps, later on saved my life. Trusting
to blind chance I now strode reckless-
ly and boldly forward until unexpect-
edly a huge shape loomed up before
me, like the sudden rising of a cloud,
against which my head struck with
such violence that I fell to the ground,
my ears filled with the sound of fall-
ing sand and rattling pebbles. Then
all became black and my senses left
me.
IHow long I lay there I know not.
only this I do remember with a haunt-
ing sense of terror, that when I open-
ed my eyes and struggled wildly to sit
up, I could not for the terrible weight
of blackness that seemed to bear me
down. A chill crept through me as I
struggled in vain attempts to dash aside
these walls of darkness. Then, grad-
ually memory returning, I knew where
I was, and hastily put forth my hand
seeking my candle, doubtless extin-
guished by the fall, I thought. No-
where could I find it, and alarm seiz-
ing me I frantically searched all round
hoping that haply it was near, all the
time wondering at the heavy, unctu-
ous sand through which I ran my fin-
gers, as well as at the number of peb-
bles upon which I was continually
hurting my hands and knees as I
crawled.
In time I was rewarded in my wild
search; my hand touched something
smooth and hard, but not a pebble-a
bread smear on the rock floor with the
familiar feeling of paraffin, in which
was imbedded a long, hard body, that
yet crumbled under my touch at one
end. At this I was seized with despair
for without a light how could I hope
to find my way back? And my heart
sank within me as I thought the hard
mass of grease on the rock floor was
truly the end of my candle in more
senses than one.
After awhile sense enough to strike
a match came to me, and with renew-
ed terror I realize that I was in a
caveru so vast that not the faintest
sign of walls or sides could be seen,
only a low drooping roof above my
head, from which hung a rocky pro-
jection or point, light gray in color,
doubtless the weird shape which had
struck so violently against my head.
As I looked at it I recalled that I had
twisted and turned about so much in
my search for the candle end that I
had now no idea which side I had ap-


My curiosity now became like fire. preached. Before me lay a smear of
increased as it was by the zeal of ad- paraffin, with its remnant of wick, for
venture and inflamed by the greed of the candle, not extinguished by the fall
possessing concealed wealth. At my had melted away until the flame was
feet lay the chief with his legs bent in suffocated in the grease. This was the
the posture of sitting, a mutilated only guide I had. To find my way
mummy, for the head and one arm had back I knew I must fiat reach the
broken from the shoulders, so roughly side of the great vault, and by feeling
had I dashed him to the ground. He l along find the passage way by which I
being not either of my race or creed I had entered, unless, indeed. I were lost
felt no superstitious fears; and with- in the hideous maw of some other un-
out so, much as giving him a second known crevice. For awhile I hesitat-
look, I passed through the portal he ed. I dreaded to leave the place where
had so long kept. I then was, the one haven of refuge to
Again this crevice in the rock wid- m e in all that darkness. I was buried
ened and I could easily walk erect, in the bowels of the mountains, in the
then the roof shut down upon me and midst of a Cimmerian darkness in
I had almost to creep. I passed one or which the tiny flame of a match was
two passages branching off on either lost, swallowed up.
hand at a sharp angle in the direction All these thoughts had rushed
when I had come, but so eager was I through my mind long before the flame
that I took no especial note of them. had reached my fingers and as I drop-
Suddenly the passage widened, then ped the burnt end and watched it ex-


10S THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


pire on the floor a feeling of despal
took possession of my soul. "Oh, for
little light!" my soul cried out. In an
awer the expiring sparks for a mo
ment flared up, and from a pebble a
its side came a gleam of the most won
drous green I had ever seen. Thex
darkness shut down. I threw myself
upon the floor in an agony of grief an
horror.
Just how long I lay moaning and
writhing before before reason return
ed to me I shall never know, but witt
the clearing of my brain came the con
eviction that I must find my way ou
or I should surely perish. I felt In m5
pockets, counting my matches with
my fingers. There were only five, all
told. While doing this I touched my
pocket handkerchief, and instantly the
thought flashed across my mind, "Here
is the material for a clue line!"
Hastily I tore them into narrow
strips-I always carry two-and In
time a long though not over strong
cord lay coiled on the ground at my
feet. Then I removed my right boot,
and, fastening one end of this cord to
the straps, left it there as an anchor
among the sands, which I could still
hear tricking down from some small
cracks overhead.
I now moved onward, causing, as
best I could, the line, tied to the de-
pending point, to pass over the smear
of paraffin, and after. proceeding about
seventy-five feet, so it seemed to me,
the solid wall of rock barred further
progress. Along this I slowly made
my way to the right, which seemed
wiser to me than by the left, ever
swinging the line free from obstruc-
tions on the floor, and after much
groping and stumbling came to the
entrance of the passage of crevice.
Cautiously did I now strike a match
and look eagerly for my book of fly
hooks. At first I saw nothing, then,
the circle of my gaze narrowing, I
made out almost at my feet a red
something-the book I was looking for.
Taking off my other boot I left it in
this entrance, likewise as an anchor,
and carefully groped my way back,
guided by the knotted line, to where I
had left its mate. I recalled now the
rare and beautiful green that came
from the pebble as the dying spark
flared up; I recalled the peculiar unctu-
ous feel and, above all, the great and
unusual weight of the sand. The
thought was but the prelude to the
act. It did not take long to fill my
pockets with the pebbles and sand, al-
though I feared that the weight of the
sand alone would break them open;
then, carefully gathering in my clue
line, I once more stood within the tun-
nel, both boots upon my feet.
This handkerchief cord and the few
remaining matches saved me, for sev-
eral times I took the wrong turning
among the network of huge fissures in
the rock; but after long groping and
crawling in the dark. I once more
stood upon the threshold of "the cham-
ber of the silent watchers," as I called
this particular cavern, and soon after
saw the light of day shining into the
of the long tunnel leading to the open
air.
The sun had set behind the lofty hills
that shut me in when once more I
stood upon the banks of the stream.
I looked at my watch. It told me
that I had spent full five hours in that
cave overhead. Not vainly, though.
had those hours been spent, for on
emptying my pockets I found that I
had indeed brought away with me the
treasures inestimable of the tribe
Before me gleamed on a flat rock, em-


Normal. Illinois.


Yours sincere ,
S. Bayston.


FREE TRIAL
We will gladly send anyone a full set ol
the SLAYTON ELECTRIC SWTTCH-CAS-
TERS and the SLAYTON INSULATTNG
INSOLES on receipt of 25 cents to cover
postage and packing. rye. for Casters, Se. for
Insoles. Try them for two weeks, according
to directions. If they do not help yon send
them back by mail and no charges will be
made. If they do help you, send us $3.oo in
full payment of the Casters and $2.o0 for the
insoles. State whether Casters are required
for brass, iron. or wooden bedstead and nse
and number of shoe Insoles are to fit.
The Slayte Electric Caster Co.,
r* HnIg St. Tecsmsel. Fmch,


rn
i-

t



d THE SLAYTON


INSULATING CURE

FOR
t NEURALGIA,
RHEUMATISM,
SLEEPLESSNESS
and LOST VITALITY.
STo all who know the misery and the hope-
lessness of days and nights tortured with
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sleeplessness and
the lassitude of Lost Vitality, we make *
-lain proposition, which we believe is filled
with hope for sufferers:

First, a Word as to Our Methods:
DR. BROWN SEQUARD, of Paris, dis-
covered that these ailments arose from too
great a flow of electricity from the body,
and proved that if this waste could be stop-
ped the vital forces would be so invigorated
as to readily overcome the disease. xperi-
Sments on this line led to the discovery of
the SLAYTON ELECTRIC-SWITCH CAS-
TERS and the SLAYTON INSULATING
INSOLES, which when used as directed, in-
sulate the patient completely. thus preventing
any flow of personal electricity to the earth
and the consequent weakening of the natur-
al forces. The curative results are wonder-
ful.
It is impossible to fully explain how so
simple a remedy can forever banish such ter-
rible ills but the indisputable fact remains that
the use of the SLAYTON ELECTRIC
SWITCH-CASTERS and the SLAYTON IN-
SULATING INSOLES is every day con.-
pletely curing cases of Rheumatism, Neural-
gia, Sleeplessness and Lost Vitality, which
had previously seemed hopeless. Read the
following testimonials and judge for your-
selves if it is not worth your while to at
least make a FREE TEST of this wonderful
treatment:

"I WOULD NOT SELL FOR ALL THE
MONEY IN OLD KENTUCKY."
I would not sell the SLAYTON ELEC-
TRIC-CASTERS for all the money in Old
Kentucky, if I could not buy another set.
Very truly yours.
W. E. Butch.
Newcastle. Kentucky.

IMPACTT VIGOR AND STRENGTH 1,I
ENTIRE BODY."
Some time ago I wrote you for one pair .
SLAYTON'S INSULATING INSOLES
and same reached me promptly.
It gives me pleasure to state to you that af-
ter using these Insoles for several weeks past,
I find thm to be of inestimable value to one's
general health.
One can walk around miles without feeling
fatigued and worn out, and it certainly is a
fact that these Insoles impart vigor and
strength to the entire body.
I take pleasure in recommending your In-
soles to the inhabitants of our country.
Yours very truly,
Louis Berger.
New York.

"I SHALL USE THFM AS LONG AS r
LIVE.
At the end -of three months' use of the
SI.AYTON ELECTRIC-SWITCH CAS-
TERS under my bed, and the SLAYTON IN-
SULATING INSOLES in my shoes. I feel
so much benefited and so comfortable that I
want you and every one else to know it. The
rheumatism has all gone from my arm and
shoulder, and my sciatica has nearly left me.
I can now alk without feeling the severe pain
which I felt when I began using the Casters
and Insoles. I sleep well and rest easy, and
arise in the morning with a pleasant sensa-
tion throughout my body.
I am doing at least one-fourth more work
than I have been able to do during the past
two years. The SLAYTON ELECTRIC-
SWITCH CASTERS and INSULATING
INSOLES are entitled to the credit for all
this, and money would not buy them if I
could get no more. I shall use them as long
as I live. I am sixty-eight years old. and
shall never forget to recommend your treat-
ment. It has done more for me than you
claimed for it.





THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 109


eralds, sapphires and pearls Innumer-
able, of the purest hue and lustre, all
imbedded in a mass of gold dust. That
was the heavy,-unctuous sand; those
were the pebbles that had hurt
my knees! I said to myself, "Surely
this is wealth for any man." But the
spirit of greed was upon me; there was
more where that came from; I wanted
more.
Just at this moment I heard the rat-
tle of wheels coming down the canyon
road, and soon two lean horses, drag-
ging a covered wagon, came in view.
On the front seat was a tall lanky
man with sandy hair, while inside I
caught a glimpse of heads, black, tow-
ey and white. Under the wagon was
a "yaller dog," while hanging from the
rear axel was a battered old tin lan-
tern.
"Say, stranger," said the driver, as
he checked the willing steeds, "kin you
tell me how fur it might happen to be
to the town?"
"Ten miles, or more," I replied.
"Gee whitaker!" he whistled.
"Guess the ol' hosees kin do it, though.
Anyhow, they're got to, if they keant.
Fishin' good?" he continued, catching
light of a pole I had just picked up.
"Not very," I replied; "fish don't
seem to be very plentiful here." Then


Yooucam
AM&





bid you ever try to dodge the
rain-drops? Did not succeed
very well, did you? It's ust
oa u ak In try to caape from
the germs of consumptioa. You
can't do it. They am about us
on every hand and we are on-
stanty taking them into our
lungs.
Then why don't we all have
this disease? Simply because
these germs cannot gain a foot-
hold In a stroa throat and
lutgt. It's when these aft
weak that the germs master.
The body must be well supplied
with tat. The danger comes
when the blood I poor and the
body Is thin. If your cough does
not yield, and your throat and
lungs fed raw and ore, you
should not delay another day.



Scott's


Emulsion
of Cod-Lver Oil with Hypopbo-
phites at once. It will heal the
inflasmd Bsmlnes and greatly
strengthen them as well. The
digestion becomes stronger, the
appetite better and the weight
Increases. The whole body be-
comes well fortifled and the
germs do consumption cannot
gaai a foothm l
It's this nourishing, sustain-
lag and strengthbeing power
of SCOTT' EMULSION that
has made it o such value In
al wasting and exhaustin

acanT a IOWNm IShkit Nr YTb


an idea struck me as I saw his dog
brush against the lantern and set it
swinging as he came out from under
the wagon; for, like all "yallar dogs,"
he was a friendly creature, and wished
to make my acquaintance. "Is that
old lantern of yours any good?" I
asked.
"Pooty good, considering' its looks."
"If you'll sell It to me with oil and
matches, I'll give you the price of a
new one."
"Done!" said he. "You must want a
light pooty bad, stranger. Guess you'se
a gwin' to camp here tonight."
The transfer was soon made, the lan-
tern filled, lighted and tested; the wag-
on went on rattling down the road
with the yallar dorg ambling content-
edly underneath, while from the rear
the white head, the black head, and
al Ithe little tow heads were staring at
me.
Night was now falling. I buried the
stones and gold dust in a hole at the
foot of a wild current bush, then
climbed the rugged clit, and the dark
entrance above seemed to yawn and
swallow me.
In the treasure chamber I saw the
floor thickly strewn with precious em.
eralds, sapphires and pearls, while un-
derneath the projecting stone was a
large pile of gold dust still slowly
growing from the tiny stream that
ceaselessly fell upon it. The blow of
my head must have loosened this stone
from the rock above-it was not stone
but terra cotta, similar to that found
among the Aztec Maya ruins of Mex-
ico and Central America-and from
some unknown recess the gold was still
falling. I pulled at this projection
with all my might; suddenly it gave
way and fell backward, while gold and
precious stones poured down upon me
from above.
For full a week I haunted these
caves and caverns, gathering up every
gsm, and almuobt! ovry grain of gold
I could find, even sounding the walls;
but no more treasure crevices could I
discover. Then I departed, bearing
my wealth and my secret with me.
I have just returned from a five
years' journey around the world. I
am immensely wealthy. At this pres-
ent moment I am alone in my beautiful
country home--beautiful beyond every-
thing, for the time is the flowering
month of June. Here, in the strength
of my young manhood, I am awaiting
the coming of that sweet girl who will
consent to be my wife, and who will
moreover, deign to help me spend the
colossal income that now is mine.


HOW'S THIS?
We otter One Hundred Dollars Re-
ward for any case of Catarrh that can-
not be cured by Hall's 'atarrh Cure.
F. J. Cheney & Co., Proprs., Toledo,
Ohio.
We, the undersigned have known F.
J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and be-
lieve him perfectly honorable In all
business transactions and. financially
able to earry out any abugations made
by their firm.
West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists,
Toledo, Ohio.
Walding. Kinnan & Marvin, Whole-
sale Druggists, Toledo, Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh is taken internally,
acting directly upon the blood and mu-
cus surfaces of the system. Price 75c
per bottle. Sold by all druggists. Tes-
timonials free.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.

A Nebraska paper tells of a man who
bought a farm there upon which


there was a mortgage of $700. He did
not make much money the first year,
but he sowed 80 acres of wheat the
next year. It was a poor year for
wheat, and the stand was so poor that
he thought he would not harvest it.


Women as Well as Men
Are Made Miserable by
Kidney Trouble.


He returned to his old home and left Kidney trouble preys upon the mind, dis-
the farm and the mortgage to fight it ourages andlessensambition; beauty, vigor
out as they pleased. The wheat ripen- L=--M and cheerfulness soon
ed, fell to the ground and seeded it ny arwe out of order
well. There was a fine crop, and as or diseased.
some one was kind enough to, write Kidney trouble has
about it to him he went back, harvest- become so prevalent
ed it, and sold it for enough to pay for a child to be born
the mortgage and all other debts. /' afflicted with weak kid-
neys. If the child urin-
I atoa too often, If the
IMPROVEMENT. urine scalds the flesh or if, when the child
reaches an age when it should be able to
Among the many different branches control the passage, it is yet afflicted with
of business in the State we would call bed-wetting, depend upon it, the cause of
to notice that of Geo. R. Nichols & the difficulty is kidney trouble, and the first
to notice that of Ge. R. host should be towards the tratmt of
of Tampa, Fla., who have by steady in- these Important orns. This unpleasant
dustry, and integrity, worked the gran- trouble is due to a diseased condition of the
ite and marble business to something kidneys and bladder and not to a habit as
mat people suppoe.
near what the public wants. Womn as well as men are made mlt
They are both experienced work- erable with kidney and bladder trouble,
men and understand all the different and both need the same great remedy.
The mild and the immdiate effect of
kinds of material that should be work- amp-Root is soon realized It sold
ed into cemetery adornments, they are by druggists, in fifty-
selling their work all over the State, cent and one dollar
and each year increases to more and alims You may have a
a better class of work. They do not l pamphlet tell- B o sm n
keep any traveling agents but do much ing all about it, including many of the
of their increasing trade through the thousands of testimonial letters received
mails, making it at less cost to the from suffered cured. In writing Dr. Kilmer
& Co., Binghamton, N. Y., be su and
buyer and better for themselves, as mtion th ispogr.


everything done is through the heads
of the firm. Great promises made to
customers that the house knows noth-
ing the consequent dissatisfaction is
thus averted. They promise nothing
only what they intend to fulfill. We
bespeak for them a liberal patronage.
Any communication addressed to
them at Tampa will recslve prompt at=
tention.


UP TO THE NEW STANDARD.
"I understand you are looking for a
servant," said the girl.
"Oh, dear, no," answered the lady of
the house. "When I was first married I
was foolish enough to occasionally look
for a servant, but I got over that. I'm
looking for a general supervisor of the
household now."--Chcago Poet.


Ocean Steamship Co.,


"SAVANNAH LINE."


Part ail, Part Sea.

Fasi Freight and Luxurious Passenger Route

FROM

FLORIDA TO NEW YORK,

BOSTON & THE EAST.


Short Rail Ride to Savannah.

Thence via Ship, ailigs from Savannah, Four Ships laoh
Week to Now orwk, a nd Two to Boston.
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with nim.ntily sailing schedules.
Write for general information saill ng schedules, stateroom reservatlole
er call on
B. H. Hinton, TraSe Manager, Walter Hawkins, Oen'l Agt.
kvannaa, Ga. 224 W. Bay St., Jaeksonville,





uo THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


V=! T=N bOK33.

ro ]TM HA o TO MOUTH.
"llra peato him ex- rouc in
esrimed tpe young wman in the ae
blue Jaet. He called me his queen and In every couh there
0 1 d d he mI kng my hand. I aid n every coug ere
yes, nd-ad after that he kissed me on lurks, like a crouching
".. m b young woman in tiger, the probabilities
the ys bmina, 'e followed along of consumption.
the line of leat resitatnce."-c icago o um
Tribune. t The throat an d
lungs become
HER EA IT. MrouAW
"8he mys i she couldn't have a family rough and in-
crf without buying one shed do with- flamed from m
out a crestt"
"I da my. She is notoriously the coughing and
stinieSLt woman L Chicago."--Detroit the germs of
Jourl consumption
A HUSTLER. nd an easy
"Nuw. thebn my frlend," said the busi-
mHle, om p presher, ocketing the entrance. Take
wedding ee ad turning again to the no chances
1rldegroom, "-let mae eak i you are carry- with the dan-
S areSr with the adan-I
uo ~e the newly mae bene- gerous foe.
"W 'the moat asred duty resting up- For 80 years
on yo now i to take out a liberal policy there has been a per-
for h be nefit of tis young w'omn, has been a per-
who to dependent upon you hereafter. I fet cure. What a rec
re ne the strongest and bes-: ord! ixtc earsofcure
ompa s in h country. Hereare e ord Sixty years of cures.
figure showing," etc. i
And he got the young husband's appli-
cation. There is nothing like finishing a
ob thorohly while you are about it.-
Chicago Trune.

APPAIRS OF THE HEART.
The ibe .ui l 'ouing girl hesitated to
marry the udy old man. -
"The any you have a 'bad heart," she
"Yes; rm able to fall dead any min-
ute," he answered with apparent candor. I
Saowt last a she gave her consent, for
In her tnooenoe he believed him.
More marriages ae affairs. i the heart soothe and heals the
,tha we sgoetimes think perhap.s-De-
0o rn journal wounded throat and
- lungs. You escape an at-
fe MADE rT CaMR. tack oC consumption with
The woregieter Gasette tells of a mu- tack o consumption with
sata w nhoe sntlish I. not a per ect an all its terrible suffering
h ias c Whu e caa c uot ng festival at
ittleton N. .. t.he was caed upon to and uncertain results.
introduce a soloist. He did it in this There is nothing so bad
fdasion: torthethroatlnd
"Ladee und chentlemen, I haf been for the throat and lungs
esked lndrodlose to you Meester Vilder to a coughing.
play for you a floote olo. I haf now COUg
done mo, and he vil now do so." A 25c. bottle will eure
SHIM. an ordinary cough; hard-
"ot a good on myself," said the er coughs ill need a 50c.
man w ac lted a li size the dollar bottle lis
perty by hard work. "I asked my wife se dl bt is
w1at was the difference between me and cheapest in the long run.
a hor e Intending to say -that I was a n o m 'Y ap itaiJ
aorehanded man and the horse was a b One w my hg aos a wa s
our Iteod beast. What do you suppose llo We oh hardly se say
"Glve it up," said the other man. ia of life in him. Thb dob tort
"Sail she uemed it must be the length him no goebethianle
of my ears'-Indlanapolls Journal. Yo Pedhll toral." edb.hian
nvedhial ." C.G.Awznmmos,
Nov. 10,1806. Pakwass, B.ak
THE EwOINOMCAL MAN. Write the Doctor. If mao ve ay
"Heny," said she, disconsolately, "you complaint whatever an dire t
didn't g a birthday gift." best medical advice, write the Dao-
"Bf Jove that's so," said Henry "but. tor freely. Address
you ee, you always look so young Di.Dr..C. AY.rlowellMams .
that I e't ralise you ever had birth- f,-
Then he was happy, and tie smiled the
ea subtle sale of a man who has --- -
av oney.-Beoton Traveler. "I'ma afraid," said mamma, "that little
sister would get water In her mouth and
AN UNEXPECTED REPORT. drown."
"Were," asked the female-suffrage or- "Would it fill her up with water so
etor, "would ma be to-day were it not she couldn't howl any more?" inquired
for woman?" She paused a moment and Charlie.
looked around the hal. "I repeat," she "Yes, I'm afraid It would," said sinm-
said, "where would man be to-day were ma, pleased with the interest Charlie was
It not tor woman?" taking in his sister's welfare.
"He'd ie In the Garden of Eden eating' "I say, mum," exclaimed Charlie en-
trawberries," answered a voice from the thusiastically. "Let's put her In right
gallfry.-C-cMgo News away."-Providence Telegram.

HE WAS DONE. IBE KNEW HER.
"I wouM like to have same more peach- Von Blumer-How is it you are taking
es, mama," said Tommy Taddells. luncheon alone? I thought I saw you go-
"Tommy," repled Mrs. Taddells, "you ing down town with your wife this morn-
have already exhausted your quota."- ing.
Jud. "u Witherby-You did. 'But she saw some-
thing in a window that lhe wanted to
look at, and I told iher I would wabt out-
NO ONGER PFRIENDS. side. I'm going back late this afternoon
Jewder--"Y. evidently entertain no to cattch her as she comes out.-Detroit
auperstitious fears concerning edged im- Free Press.
fair customer (who has bought a shav-
lng-set)-"Oh, dear, no. Im married to A NEIAT SEi ETION.
him."-Jewelers' Weekly. "That's a nice umbrella you have
there."
"Ain't it? Reflects credit on my .taste,
CREDIT WHERE IT I DUE. doesn't it?"
"I am afraid that our new son-in-law's t certainly does. Where did you get
aritocratlo traditions will make it diff- it?"
oult for him to hold his own n financial "Pioked It out of a bunch of seven that
affair." were standing in the boarding house hall
"I kind o felt tbat way myself," re- .this morning. "-Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Ued heu" saband; "but don't let's be
jhasty adghigm. I must say he
taedigtp like a business man when A LOSER.
it mse to Axing a dowry."-Washington "I'm going to quit gambling. it costs
ai'. 'too much."
"Why. you know you win more than
WHAT TELLuS STHE SORY. you lose."
"Do you beoeve men show character in "Yes. but to keep even, I should have to
the way they carry their umhrellas win twice as much as I lose. You see,
"No; but they show lack of character whenever I win I have to give half to my
in the way they carry other people's um- wife.-Indlanopolis Journal.
brenas."--Chicago Record. -
RARE DEVOTION.
A SURB CURE FOR HOWLS "Do you think Dolly's fiance loves
"I 0. MiMa," "aid Charlie, Who was 'her?"
wa~thi m mamma bathe the new baby "Indeed he does. Why, he went and
"what would happen you would put made love to that pretty llbrigrt girl,
er in the bathtub and go away and just to give Dolly a chance to cut her
leave her to wash her ownself like me?" out."-Oollier's Weekly.
_IA


Plant Systerm.
.Yuruluuund-sncad Down. ilhlt IAuL .iouutiiu ii-ltcal Ui.
4 I Zi I !a a isI I Iln Elclte December I,- l i&4 : j23 So I ZI i .
...... ......l .UpjLv .. Port i .... .Ar... .. 1iU.3; p Y. .iup' . .....
i. .. .... ..... .... .Lv .'. ..- B. Hotel .... ....Ar .... .. ... .. .... .....
... i. ..l... Ual I ...... .3 piLv .. ..... .. .... ...... .o pi b.up i a,... ...
....... ...... .1 ......1U.p44PLv .. .. k tim me .... ...Ar ...i a b.tlpi 4.;l4 ..,. ..
... ...... I .tp ...... U iL pi L ..... ..Urlando .... ....Arl...... i0)c iai a.,Up, 4.lia,......
......i..... i.op|.....|.ll ap Lv ..... \ inter eark .. .. rl........ iAu-|i a-upi o..u al ......
..... ...... p|...... i. Lv .... ..... an5 ord ... ... Ar ...... lica t..p, .v ...
........ .. . opi ...... ...... .A ... .... neLand .... .... Lv ...... ..... i .. .. ......
... i.. I-...... i P I ...........L ..... ..D eLaut ...... .. I ........... .. I 4.2,p ...... ....
.Ual i...... a. i -opl...... 2.4UaLv .. ..... al....raLa ........ rl .Uai Z.uupi.l.4taa u.iUp
-u i p| ...... i i ...... 4.iaAr .. JALh.i ILJ L. ....I. I 1.zUalZ.lp)J.I pii. p .LupI
...i...... I ...... 1 5.2al ..... ILv ... St. PeterJ-ur ... Ar: ......jiuu. P, i .................
S...... .. .. .....Lv .... .. ea .... .... Ar ...... pj ..P! .. ... ..... ......
... ...... e... 1... g......v .. Le urg .... .. ..... ... ...... ......
,.uua ... ... .. j... .lapl...... ... v .. ....... .. a .. ... .. .. . .. ......... ........ -.Zup
7.; -ai ..............| ....... .A .... .. A aiJ vile .. .. Lv ...... li. ...... ....... I.V
u.u I ...... I ...... I .4op ......jLv ..... ..Palatlka .... ....\r.... ... ,l i, .........I... O.l_
i... ......I .U. i ...... Ar .. JACKSU.a %l-LL ._.... J.;taj.........1 t-iu,
Local IN ia So Ay. C L. ia A C L.IVia So Ky.1 Lucal
t i I I I i 1

i.u>M| )A.wai i.45p|.Otal a|I.45pl 8.00a|L. J'ViCLL. ..ika| O.Za| .4upiiu .44i
.4Ua i.Uua .. 9 cr,,- .. L,n.pu al .HUa| .. ai .ba p b.tpi vA.tup
...... I.all.aPIpli.1Upi I.ala0 2.ai.pA.. cavann i ..L .1 o-4sla J z.ia .'a a ;, i.wP>.....
....... ... i ...... I ...... I |.ila|l i.aPiA.. t.na',- un. ..Li .j.llaill..J,pi. ..... .... ........ ....
...... Ai.. ..... t.Zopl 56.Wal ,. .Up l ..l iA.. ililm . L i ..u i .o il.Ul, l.uu li..........
..... ......i .Ual 6t p ...... ......IA.. I niuinuia ..Li ..... .... it. a~ ... ...........
......I......|t .4al b.top ...... ......IA .. Char, t ... ..... .... |IU. p|, )..iOd1 .... i......
......|1...... iU Pi Z.ual......|.......A.. yincllug ..LI. ..... ......|I l j al.i .... ..
.............I i.- l-p4 i, i-.1u pI i.UlalA.. 4 an11 g a .. 1I ;J.tup! i.u ill.lua i Il.Upi ...... ......
............il- Pl .a l a l.oaI .Za iaA.. ialtini.re ..L, 2.Zpl 2".s Ual i6.;Ui a b.l .p,...... ......
i.... ...... 1 i.Oaill..ioa| 3. ajlU.ualA. .. .I'nii.uc. r a ..iz.'U ll.U pal .ii L a |z i.vp ... ...
......i ..... I .30oa p2.0 .Upl ia 1.UipiA.. New b,-M .U .i5 b.oUp12.U.ai 3.iUp............
-1 ..P-I .UOPI U .00pl 3.&Wpi 8.30plA.. .Bos ..... ... .,.l up, I. i ..UUpi U.uua...........
Via 1 I U'ly Ex. Sun. i
A.ili a .So Ky I Via L&N.L their tr;.ils i Ila L&N.i Via So i(. 1|AI
K. __ Dai,y i.K.
i 14 I 16 I I 32 1 i 23 I 21 i 13 1 i S & Io i
i.4op| ..45pj i.45p| 6.OUa| "i.4jp b.UUa|L.. J ILLE ..A, i.)ail1U.4upr s.3.1 'lu.Uup| i.3ai ..ius
1U.4'tpl .I-Apl 9.4UpI l .lOailO.i1pllU.Z0UaiL.. .\V'cr-u. ..A]- .uuai b..opl .Zl4ai ;.i4pi ..Zeai ..tia
......I. ..... iU. l al ........... A.. .Jesup .. .. L! ...... ....... a i. i p...... ......
......,......1. a l.lapl ...... .... A.. A .. acon... ....L ........ il2.5s a Z.Wpl i ...... ......
...... ...... 1 .ua .&B. p!....... .. A.. ..' . ........ ... Iu.t0pII.uy pi..... I......
...... ......I .ea b i...... A. .. t o .... L. ...... ....... .i ............
1. a ...... ....... ..... 1.2a 2.i pA.. alosta. ..LI aJ 44pj ..... ...3... a
1.50a ...... ...... ... l.0a LapIA.. i ni ..L, -.uua -.Pip ...... .............
o.-o..o l. ..... .... .lUa i 9.3pjA.. .M'g r .. i.r i .-pj ll.- ai.............. ... '. p
....... ... l .Ua IU.iUp. ll.i;. ai. a. A... lir nani. .4..L; 4.UUp .2a. i 4.4p u.UJ ... ...
... ...I. ...i tL.p b.4oal b..lspl 6..jUaA.. ashemalj. ..L. a.ia| Z.2iaj 9.1la] ..iupj............
.:...---i..--- i .jap 7.ita i.upi pl.JpIA.. A.emphi-. ..1 pi s.*opjl.iap, b.ldai b.JUp,.... ......
............ ,.-I ,.41ll 2..UalL. piA.. LuU.-.., L 1I- .l. i ..Lie ..a .Aat ........
....... ..Upl .45a 7.UtaI 4.0bplA.. Cioc ia.. ..Lt"IAWpj j.4o 5.i.i bi Uv, ..... I ......
T.i i... i al t-Wp1 i.Zali l,.iu1)A. -i. Lu-i.1. _L- b-.uojl b.-al aJdli aIj .5 ...... I &tUp
4.,p,......I 7.15al 5.-uPi 8.09ai 9.1iapA.. Lhic. .. ., ,.tp.,pl Iwpl b..UpI ..Uai ...... ll.oia
.i m.4Ja1 l i.UI l 5.WiaA.. k. L..t., i, .au.-,, v.,'p, IS ....p...IV.
...... 115a I ...... I ..... 1--:::-iA.. Coiumbia ..Li ..... ...... I .... ... l.-aal ......
...... .A ...... .. ... ... A.. Lsnoxvi e ...L J. ..... yi ..... .... .za .....
.... p. >.. .... 4 a I ... .. A .. A ns e n,, .. *.. .. p ....... . b ......
...... a...... ...... ...... .. n ..L..... ....... .P niai.... ..... b tw p a......




tn and uI alman Sleepers between Port [amps, Jscks.|nvllo e and New ork.
and..... .. ... .9.35p|L.. M'go ery. .AL b.lua o.UUpI...... I ..... .. I .



UNITED O .TAT ES FAST rAIL.
33 and 36 (via So. Ry. and Pennsylvania R. K.) carry Vestibule Coaches between Jack-
sonvlie and t\ashington, Pullman Sleepers between .Miami, Jacksonville and New York
aiso unniianc Sleepers between Jacksonville and Cincinnati via Asheville and Knoxville.
T7 and 31 carry Pullman Sleepers between lac.sonvilie and CNew ork via A. C. L. and
Pennsylvanua K. t., between St 'etersburg, lacksonvtlle and St. Louis via Montgomery
and L. & NS. R. R., and between Jacksonvilll and St. Louis ia Montgomery and Al. & u.
R. R.
NEW YORK AND FLORIDA EXPRESS.
33 and 34 via So. Ry. and Pennsylvania R.R.) carry Vestibule Coaches between Jack-
sonville and Washington, Pullman Sleeper.s between Port Tampa, Jacksonville and New
lork, and Dining Car between Savannah and Charlotte.
e3 and 21 carry Pullman Sleepers between Puit at 1npa, Jacksonville and Louisville, and
elegant day coaches between Jacksonville and Cincinnati via Montgomery and L. & N.
ILR.
14 and 13-CINCINNATI AND FLORID I-IMITED--Solid vestibule trains, with
Pullman Sleepers, between Jacksonville and Cincinnati via Jeup, So. Ky. and JU. & C.
Route; also Pullman Sleepers between Jacksonville and Kansas City via Jesup, Atlanta, Bir-
mingham, Memphis and K. C. '. S. & M. Ry., and between Jacksonville and St. Louis
via Jessup, So. Ry., l. & C., Louisville and L. E. & St. L. Ry.
CINCINNATI DAY EXPRESS.
16 and 15-SOLID VESTIBULE TRAINS between Jacksonville and Cincinnati, with
Pullman Sleepers between oPrt Tampa, Jacksonville and Cincinnati So. Ky. and L. & C.
162 I 78 1 33 I I 35 3a I
SDaily j Str. Daily Via Gulf Coast Line IDay l
...... I M.. 4.Ua v......I.... .. Pt. Tampa via Ky Ar!.. .. r. 10.0i0...............
............ 5. a............Lv ....... lampa ......... Ar ...... I 9.5pj 9.55p ...... ......
.....:::::........i ...... 3.35plLv :.... Punta Iorda .... ..Ar ...... 12.40a12.40a ....... ...
al...... 7.15plAr .... ...Lakeland .... ...Lv ...... 9.19p| 9.10pl..... I .....
5.40pl...... ...... .0a ...... Lv .. Pt lamp. via Str... Ar ........ ...... I 9. ......
7.1pl...... 5.OOa 8.00 ...... Lv ... St. Petersburg .....Ar ... .30p 10.30p. 8.00a ......
7.55pl...... 5.56 a ............ Lv ..... ..Be eair ... ....Ar ...... 9.3pi 9.3op 7. al ......
8.p .. 6.2a..................A .... Tar prings.. L ..... .5pI 8.56p 6.3 .....
......I...... i1 .2a ....... ..... Lv ....... Leeo urg ...... .. Ar ..... 4.55pi... ...... ......
............ 1 p .... ...... Lv ...... ...Ocala ...... ...... 3.10pl 6.5 pl.
..... ..... 2. 5p ...... ...... Lv ...... Gainesville Lvi.. 1.: p .... ..
...... .22p ...... ...... Lv ....... Live Oak ..... Ar .i.... .... 52p. .
6.00p.p ........ v .... ....Jasper ....... Ar ..... ...... 1 p ........
Ar ... .Op ... ...... Ar .. across .. ... Lvi............ .Oa ...... ......
PLANT STEAMSHIP LINE-S' EAMMSilS OLI\ ETTE AND MASCOTTE.
Sat., Wed. and Mon........1230pLv .... Havana .. :... Ar 6.00a.....Wed. Sat. and Mon.
Sat., Wed. and Mon........ 7.30pAr .... Key West .... Lv 9....... Tues., Fri. and Sun.
Sat., Wed- and Mon........ .0pLv ....Key West .... .Ar 3.p......Tues., Fri. and Sun.
Sun., Thur. and Tues...... L30plA .... Port Tampa .. Lvi11.00p......Mon. Thurs. and Sat.
Further information, reservations, tickets, etc., may be obtained of agents, or
H. C. McFadden, Div. Pass. Agent,
138 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
R. G. IRWIN, M. F. PLANT, B. DUNHAM, B. W. RENN.
President. Vice-President General Supt. Pass. Tra. Mgr.
8. R. KNOTT, Vice-President.

A 90P'T ANSWER. yond the grave:
Mrs. Pufcher-I understand, sir, that i "I was somebody-who, is no business
you have been secretly making love to of yours."
my daughter. I will not permit it to con- I
tinue. You should 'have seen me first. i
Young Noabit-Madam, had I seen you THE WAY OUT.
first I should have fallen so desperately
in love with you that I should never have "So you refuse to give me the money?"
noticed your daughter. (And he dined, said the prodigal son.
wWh the family that nit.) "Not another cent do you get," replied
the stern parent.
S'"Then here goes," said the youth as
HIS EPITAPH. 1 he seized a silver mounted pistol from his
I father's desk.
New England churchyards are a festile *"inhappy boy," cried the old ma.
field for those in search of curious epi- "would you take your life?"
taphs. A tombstone in Stowe bears this "No," replied the son, "'I'm goin t
line, indicative of a reticence carried be- loan this to my 'uncle.'"-Ohiego Newt






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Tomato Culture.
C. S. Cushman, writing in the Bartow
(Courier-Informant, has the following
to say regarding tomato culture:
The illustrated article on staked
and pruned tomato vines published In
a recent issue of the Farm and Fire-
side was read by me with special in-
terest, for I have followed the Mississ-
ippi system for six years, and see no
reason to agree wfth the suggestion
that this method of culture is less well
adapted to the North than the South.
Indeed, with me, a few miles north of
New York City, there has been unvary-
Ing success in all sorts of seasons.
even in the rainless summer of last
year. Mine is an amateur's garden.
and I raise fruits and vegetables for
home use only; but when I have toma-
toes in abundance at a time when I
would have to pay $4 per crate for
them in the market, if I could afford
the luxury. I count it so much money
earned. This has been the case the
past three summers, and the sanmt
vines have continued to bear until the
frost cut them down.
In addition to staking my vines,
which I learned to do while visiting in
Illinois, I vary considerably ftom the
usual method in transplanting them.
In this latter matter I am alone, so
far as I know, but hope I will not re-
main so. There is nothing in my prac
tice which may not be adopted in the
most extensive field culture. I will
say in the beginning that for test pur-
poses I have given to neighbors having
gardens in some respects superior to
mine, plants equal in every respect to
those retained for my own use, anm
have beaten them from one to two
weeks in earliness of mature fruit.
and very greatly in the amount of pro-
duction for the season.
I begin early in the career of tlhe
plant. I sow in deep boxes, placing
the seeds one inch apart. When the
second permanent leaf appears I trans-
plant into four inch pots, sinking each
root three inches or so below the sur-
face. Here they remain until It is safe
to put them into the ground-late in
May in this latitude.
Ib the meantime the ground is pre-
pared. As soon as the garden is spad-
ed up, holes are dug-the depth of the
spade and a foot in diameter; they
are two feet apart in the row, with the
rows three feet apart. The holes are
half filled with rich manure mixed
with earth, and well trodden down.
When the proper time comes the
plants with the earth unbroken are
taken from the pots and sunk in the
centre of the holes. I stake them at
once, for it is the season of high winds,
using a crowbar and placing the stake
within an inch of the plant, and tie at
once. As the plants grow the holes
are gradually filled, and the tomato
patch is perfectly level, ready for cul-
tivation, and a dust mulch close up to
each plant, an impossibility when the
old method of chilling up is pursued.
The bottom root may be a footor more
below the surface, and examination in
the fall shows that several sets of lat-
eral roots have been sent out, which
continue to grow throughout the sea-
son. The vigor of the plant is thus
limited only by the food available for
it to draw upon. It is also less likely
to be affected by drought than when
most of the roots are little below the
general level of the garden.
The stalk as it grows should be tied
closely to the stake below each set of
blossom buds and before the fruit
forms.
My tomatoes are large and solid, and
In many cases growing in bunches


TEANE mmm1U -.- -- ww
THE NEW SEED LAW.
Approved May 19, 1899, makes it unlawful for
any person to sell or offer for sale any arden
Melon or Vegetable Seed unless the same are
in packages bearing on the outside in plait
letters a guarantee certificate of when, when
and by whom the seed were grown.
Penalty not less than $25, nor more thai
-100 fine.
J. P. Sutton, Seedsman. Ocala, Fla., sell!
-eed under his trade-mark, as above, bearing
the certificate required by law; besides al
eeeds are tested and the certificate bears date
f lest and percentage of germination. Sen
t him fnr pr ce list. Wholesale and retail




E I I l tl L l
g .TE.LR ... in




ONLY TOOLS YOU NEED.
I We have on hand 25( squares BRAND M
NEW STEEL ROOFING. Sheeteithr ,i
flat. corrugated or "'V crimped
Price per sqoare of 1010 feet I
or 100 square feet............. w
No other tool than a hatchet or hammer
isreoui.ed to lay this roofing. we % trnih
With each order sufficient paint to oover, and
I nails to lay it. without additional charge.
SWrite for our fre catalogue 'o. 209,N
Sf general merchandise bought by ut atA
Sheriff's and Reeiver' Sales.
S**OPI PrKIEL ARt OIK-H.ALI OF OTHBi B"
A CHICAGOHOUSEWRECKING0O.
M W. 35th & Iron Sts., Chicago.
t_18menitfne~i~iii!i~


Florida F cn t Coast Ry
TIME TABLE NO. 94. IN EFFECT FEB. I. 1900.


~-lLT- HKUND tRead DoWnia


Our Cultivatoris the best
on the market and saves
more than y the time, and
nearly all hand work.
Crops stand dry weather
1oo per cent. better. Let
us tell you all about it. Spe-
cial price to first customer.
D. Y. HALLOCK & SOV,
Box 836. York, Pa.


b..Dal Daiiy.

2 4o p 12.11.
bI 4,o ;. ip



l. . .. ...



too. S ..


Z7a
f f
s--





k~ 7






i il


Daily .
[ail;'


No~t.)o No.*
tinily Daily
8.51) F2.Abe
Ilip Lwp

1j 12p 14p
...... Slop
1 lip


11:p ts p
11lep alop
1205a 841p
125 its9
. . .. 5 0 0 9




e37s 700p



... ........
....r ......
...... .....
545&a9 Up
:io5a Ilaip


17 117a.
7 e-a 11 i Y(


(Read Up) NORTH BOUND.


No.=
Lfaily STATIONS.
iUs0 Lv..J'kvi~le..A
8 "a Ar8LA'g'tineLv
aiUs Lv8.Al'gtineAz

* 65k Ar..Palata
o lea Lv..Palatka..Az
FI*Arian MateoL
8 Us LsmanMae
fa-e LyE. 1aatksAz
104ft "..Ormond.Lv
10 s ..Dayrona. '
."..Orange.

blip "TituavilI"



nSebastian."
.58. Lade.

...... .J. 1alsn.
a lp piere .

.... .. TibbshL.
....Stuart..
J .NSound.."
...... .. W0~e. in
..... '6W.P.TZ.eh
6QK~rP.B~aehnn "
W. P. B'ki


taemcity"
710Ar Miami .


No.7b5 o.4 -jo.f.
Daily Daily Daily
IS0p 7i91p90
.lap OlbVp 900
6061) 626P Sao
54o11) p96
SlOp 6109......
.. . 10......
TW 7 IOP ......
I 12P ,p M



145
3 05p 2U.01

li5P 4 ,p
12681 10)2P

2 3,............
14m3...... ...
122p 221,p ......
11 wkp ...... ......


*19.............
10Ilsoa ......p.
9 290. ------l
IdaloSLi il0p
:11ftions, 19
Aft 10 2ft 1 0
$306 ON&ali2i
llaa
I Aft .......
65a1%..........
a617 ...... ...
A INb, Q if. 11 "


irr Til uo not top ak usatlons wRere 1tt1 e L nuS -,a.. .
SBtween new anywna n li U' mau Tltuly & a .
e City Jl etlm .a
n No.3 No.l. STATiONM. ioJ. IN.4. No.U STATIONS. Nol
S I 11 Lv Newam ..A i 7 T .......... TituTvill ..........Ar
64 p 1 l pl "* Lake Hel.r 1 2 p ... ........... s .............
p 12 ..Orange 1 .. 6 8 ............ Ortm. ............ I U
812pl 1 Ar.Orang'y Jot. 2J ......... ateri......m.. e
A trains between New Smyrns d oam i ....CI.......lkt........ OO
Sily Juno:ion daily, A tal a betwem TItuvile and Smord
Sdrati exoet unday.
Betweem rsok'villo d Panblo e. Time TablsM show am i Mr
e o.5 | TA'ONs. and.18 tra mat may be 1 *31t&
S6 Lv..... .. .8o.Jak&onvills .......ArI p ba r rrval A t* mtl
650 r.. ..Pablo lisech... ....ILi G6p state is not s or 'ter
A trains between -o. Jacksonvlle and Pabl pny hold itemor a y or
Beach daily except Sunday. iay umimeem thuei.

Florida East Coast Steamship Co.
PROPOSE ID SAJILINS:
. IAMI-HAVANA LINE, .
Leave Miami Sundays and Weduney ......................... ...... ...- 1
Arive Havana Mondays and Thur dayL.............................................. p. m.
Leave aana Tuesdays and Jriday.......................... ...................... l .
Arrive Miami Wednesdays and aturdays ....................... ......... .... m.
. MIA -KEY WEST LINE, .
LArre e West Tsdays, Thrdays d .......................
KAve Key West Tuesdays. Thursday ad Saturday............................... I t.
Arrive Muni Wednesday PFridays W mdd ............................... ...... I
lIAMI-NASSAU LINE, .
Lav Miami TnliesdLay Wedn o W= C (1Standm Ti ) ...................... 8a1 .9
Arrive Nasaau Tu .,dazys,l Thnureda y... ................................
I&sTONasaiTu eT,. iay Thursday at (wNaiM. Time).................... sM.
Arrive Miami Wledi-'lay. Friday mdam.j..............................
The above are proposed silina dunl bruy d Mab
After April Ist there will be two s- e vnL P .w


For copy of local time card all as W a r JBacbLlonl ae.oraress
weighing from three to six pounds J. P. BClWITH, Traafic Mania. J. AD. DAH IL A. S. A.
each; so the twine should be soft and
heavy. sBND-us ONE DOLLAR, .


I see no reason for cutting off all
the side shoots. Suckers are worse
than useless, but each branch is often
as productive as the main stem. I
have made a test in the same row of
plants with only the stalk and with
one, two, three and four branches,
and the results are certainly not fa-
vorable to the similar number. The
grower must be guided by the relative
vigor of the different plants. I thought
a few years ago that the closely trim-
mled vines gave 1me earlier fruit, but
I have not proved to my satisfaction.
The earliest tomatoes are pretty near-
ly matured before the branches begin
to draw heavily upon the plant. The
vines are tied so closely to the stakes
that the ground is not too much shad-
ed; the rake or hand cultivator may be
used throughout the season, and there
is a constant succession of fruit until
frost.
If I were planting many acres for
the market or canning factory. I
should not change my method except
as to the distance between the plants.


ISIova... YouAC n uas ne AL a O O uI _ruttbyf C = 101110
,amlatlust You can examine to at yornearest freght!


FARMERS
OF FLORIDA


- -- --- -- -- -


I


. *


No. I


1228












'IiI



rSr
IL


IL





112 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.





BURNED Out

BUT STILL IN BUSINESS.

The freezes ruined our business and now a fire ruined our stock
and warehouses, but we are still "ON DECK" and ready to serve our
customers.


Simon= Pure = Fertilizers,
ARE
TIIIE TRIED AND CROP TESTED
And never fails to give satisfaction.
All kinds of Fertilizing Materials kept in stock and sold at close
prices.
Please write us and let your wants be known, and remember that
we got the insurance and now you have the assurance that your order
will be filled, and we are here to stay.
E. O. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville, Fla.


./


A High-Grade Fertilizer
MUST HAVE
QUALITY! REPUTATION!


"THE IDEAL" BRANDS
I HAVE TH ES E. "L'#W
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following p ices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE $................ 3oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... $27.00 per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH.....$25.' ) per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE .................$30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $25.Lo per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE........... $30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER........................$o.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT .7ZF'R COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
' : Van* ^"- lr us. n n r S 17 .Pe per Ktw TMI 0. 1 T.m vl'rl n Tfia.1 Tme oh. w .ww o *fl l.. *M