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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00006
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: February 7, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00006
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text






















J eOTE





Vol. XXVII, No. 6. Whole No. 1356. DeLnd Fla., Wednesday, February 7, 1900.


I


$2 per Annum, in Advance.


February. At the station they had
planted as late an May 10 and raised
over eight tons per acre, but earlier Is
better.
H. B. Stevens planted a large lot for
John B. Stetson at DeLand, and raised
a little over nine tons per acre. Runs
out a furrow to plant by, then has two
men go along, each with a shovel,
which he thrusts down deep enough to
get well into moist soil. A dropper
midway between the two men with
shovels drops the seed for each alter-
nately; they throw back the shovelful
of earth on the seed and step on it to
firm the ground. Can plant this way
faster than with a plow. Planted
some rows five feet apart, run in a row
of cowpeas in June, cut them off in
December, thus securing some excel-
lent forage, besides keeping the
ground between the rows cool and
clean of weeds.
Professor B. i. Well of the Depart-
ment of Agriculture conveyed the
hearty good wlihes of the Department
to the Florida farmers in their new
departure. He then made a lengthy
comparative and somewhat technical
statement showing the different pro-
ducts from which starch is manufac-
tured in other States. He did not want
to discourage them, but they would
have to hustle in order to overcome
the strenuous competition of other
countries. He believed they could suc-
ceed in creating a great new staple for
this c entry but it would only be by
h ltly studying all the conditions
thoroughly, being economical, giving
their crop the highest culture in every


C UsAM VA COVIp~r TFON value and offering inducements of do fairly well when corn will die out-
reasonable remuneration in return tor right of drouth; still he WOUIB ~rpoat,
A Iarge o thrtlag of Prograesive honest work. He cautioned them not you must give constant, shallow, level
Agriulturiats at BIaford. to expect a bonanza in cassava. culture in order to secure the best re-
As to physical conditions, it re- suits in a heavy rootage. Cultivate
The Cassava Convention at Sanford quires foremost, thorough preparation often, often, often; then the more por-
was well attended, and this great pro- of the soil God Almighty will not ous and light the soil is the better will
duct was fully discussed in all its raise cassava for any man; he must be the yield.
phaseo. begin and continue with plenty of Wet soil is death to it; never plant
While cassaya has been pointed out good, thorough pcreaitent worl. Pre- wet soil, or one with a sub-noil of
as a product with many possibilities, pare a good seed bed, a receptacle for clay near the surface, it possible to
for a long time, it is only recently that the seed. He has grown it, and speaks avoid it. Constant shallow cultivation
anything has been done develop from actual personal expe-lence. increases the aptitude for surface de-
these posalblltls. Of the forty-five acres on the station, velopment, makes roots nearer the sur-
Last year the State Experiment Str he planted ten in cassava. Then, in face and easier to harvest.
tin conducted a series of experiment order to have more of it growing, he, Florida offers greater diversity of
in cassava feeding that proved conclu- after great persuasion and agreeing outlets than elsewhere; has a greater
lively its value as a pork and beef to furnish everything except-the labor area on which it can be grown as a
maker. The results of these experi- and buy their product from them in- cash crop. It has nues varied and
ments are fully set forth in Dr. Stock- duced some of the station hands to manifold, of which starch-masing i.
brige's valuable bulletin. plant it as a private enterprise. He only one. But this is not the most im-
The commercial possibilities of cas- strictly enjoined on them to prepare portant; he regards it as Incidental.
save are also of recent development, the land well He prepared a seed Its great utility is not to sell to the
The establishment of starch factories bed, on which he could trust Provi- factory for $1.50 to $6 per ton, Imt as
at DeLa&d and Lake Mary and the denoe to raise a crop; but these men a stock feed. It will enable the far-
factories projected in other sections, on their private ventures, simply ran mers in this State to utilize thousands
will open a market for the roots at a out a furrow and put their seed in it, of acre of pastureage now lying idle
profitable prie. waiting for a more leisure time to split and waste, because it will supply the
The Times-Union and Citizen )ub- out the middle. Result-he raised a necessary feed supplement. Its over-
lishes a good account of the Sanfwrd little over eight tons per acre, and shadowing utility lies in its meat-pro-
convention, which we reproduce below, these men did not.raise a plant-not during capacity. Makes pork at a cost
Dr. Stockbridge was one of the one plant. of less than a cent a pound, beef at
leading speakers, and it was fitting Heretofore the rule has been, hills one and one-half cents a pound, and
that he should raise his voice in evi- 4x4 feet and cultivate both ways. He Florida beef sells in the Jacksonviue
dence. as he knows the value of cas- tried hills 4x3; it gave him about a market for 3% cents. See, then, its
sava as a food product, having con- ton more per acre, but the roots wer, very great profit. Suppose the Jack
ducted the experiments above men- smaller anu inferior in quality, and be sonville market gives out? But you
tioned at the State Experiment Sta- doubts the policy of this plan. Hills are nearer to Chicago than is .Alontana
tion: 4x5 gave about 200 pounds less per or Texas. Did you ever think of that ?
Mr. Stockbridge said he considered acre than 4x4, but it gave a chance to Northern pork costs 3 to 3% cents a
this one of the most auspicious oc(o- raise an early crop of truck between pound to make; on cassava it can be
sloas of Florida's history. Cassava the rows which more than compen- made for less than a cent.
has here its best outlook, because the sates for this los. All classes of stock, all men, every-
conditlons are Florida conditions, and Cassava demands largely hand-work, thing likes it The 'only verdict is,
they are the best possible for this sta- He covers the seed with a double- "We cannot get enough of it." Is now
pie. stock plow, but hand labor in perfect- feeding at the station twelve steers,
1. Cmaditios favorable to the pro- ing the covering and in other ponits is twelve cows, a lot of dairy cattle, 120
dactions of the crop. absolutely essential to success, hogs-all eat it freely, hardly get any-
2. Conditions favorable to its utili- Is cassava exhaustive of the soil? thing else. Ate it from the start. The
saton. Both must exist and both do No more than 20 per cent. of it is proprietor of a big saw mill near Lake
exist here. starch, and this is not really a soil pro- city came and looked at the mules.
Fin, t is a crop particularly suit- duct, but a product of air and sun- He wanted to buy all his seed, enough
able for Florida, because it is eminent- shine, though cassava is not a nitro- to plant fifty acres. He said: "if
ly a saaoving plant, because its gen-feeding plant. It is less exhaus- your mules, fed On cassava, look as
growth depend so largely on the sun tive than the average farm staple, say well as our seventy-five mules, for
and the atmosphere. Starch is largely corn, for Instance. Baa tried many which we buy hundreds of dollars
a pdt at .giusim el for eassa- formulas, and likes best the following: worth of hay and grain, we want to
va Auld be especially dry and light. 100 pounds of add phosphate, 125 plant eassava." He could not sell so
Florda sells are adapted to this plant, pounds of cotton seed meal, 25 pounds much to one man, but let him have
beanse they are permeable to the sun nitrate of soda, 50 pounds muriate of enough to plant thirty acres. Practi-
and air, easy to cultivate, easy to ex- potash. The method of application ti cal business men like this one are not
tract the eot from when grown. Al- not essential; he puts It in a furrow liable to make mistakes.
most deal conditions exist here; it is and covers with a single stock plow. How late in the spring may cassava
the home of cassava so to speak. Above formula is for one acre. be planted with reference to the arrest
One esmestel indispensable requis- Cassava will stand dry weather bet- of development by frost In the fall?
ite t the tDwth of cassava is the ter than any other crop; it likes the It may be planted in the fall or spring.
ehracter fa the people. They must highest and dryest lands. But to as- Fall planting gives a much larger yield
a m of a trong and steady purpose, sist it in the hardest drouth% :t needs than spring planting, but it uses the
at 4Zpl l to Sad a fortune in cas- frequent cultivation In order to keep land twelve months of the year. Fa-
ea at ah a Iam stapl d of olid a dust blanket e the ortace. It will vors spring platlag, bt early, My In


respect. He eulogized the excellent
work done by Professor Stockbridge.
In reply to a.question, the latter says
he drops two pieces of seed to the hill.
When he comes to thin out, If now
and then a hill is missing, he trans-
plants one from the double hill.
Stevens has used crowns for ss.ed.
He kept them through the winter
banked with earth, though it will not
do to bank too many in a heap. They
give a larger yield than canes.
How far out to the tips can seed be
canes be used? nr. Stockbridge replies
as far out as the brown extends;
where it turns to green it is too soft.
J. H. Stevens recited the initiative
taken by Chicago capitalists in'send-
ing Mr. Wardell here; the generous in-
terest taken by Florida's great friend,
Mr. John B. Stetson, and, lastly, the
active intelligent labors and Invest-
ment of Mr. F. G. Perkins, president
of the Planter's Manufacturing Com-
pany of Lake Mary. He also gave a
liberal meed of praise to the general
Government for Its encouragement and
assistance at al times when these
could la ay way be renoed; sad -


I
iT3


rr~r~r









- THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


peially to the invaluable work done
by Prof. H. E. Stockbridge of the
State Experiment Station, not only at
the station, but in dozens of lectures
delivered to the growers at their meet-
ings. He then continued:
"Almost simultaneously with the
coming of Mr. Perkins, the Plant Sys-
tem of Railways organized a bureau
of agriculture and immigration, which
has been in my charge as its active
head, under Mr. F. Q. Brown, se o:ili
vice-president.
"Our chief aim has been to co-oper-
ate in the development of Florida's re-
sources on any line, but as the growing
and manufacture of the cassava plant
seemed to promise greater immediate
benefits than any other product, we
have given this most attention.
"This evening you will see the
magnifleent plant of the Planters'
Manufacturing Company in operation.
You Will then see an Investment of
$50,000, and if you should at some time
visit Lake Mary by daylight, and the
hospitable home of President Perkins.
you will see hundreds of acres ilread.:
cleared and planted n' cassava.
The liberal propositions made by
President Perkins to induce other
communities to engage in the growing
and manufacture o? cassava, has al-
ready resulted in the establishment of
a $20,000 plant at McIntosh, while Bar-
tow, Homeland and Clearwater are
actively considering the question, .ind
will doubtless erect factories during
the year 1900.
"We have urged everywhere that
cassava be planted as a crop sure to
give the farmer a safe return, and tble
results are most gratifying. We now
have in sight more than 5,000 acres.
and the demand for seed still contiu-
neS.
"President Perkins has obtained a
rate of freight for factories which will
enable each factory to pay $5 per ton
for the cassava root, on board the cars
at any Plant System station, and as
10 to 15 tons per acre can be raised,
it is easy to calculate the profit to the
farmer.
"The preparation of soil, planting
and cultivating in cost will not exceed
that of an ordinary corn crop. The
harvesting may prove slightly more
expensive.
"I am ready to stand by any commu-
nity in an effort to develop an agricul-
tural product which may prove bene-
ficial to the State, but would urge up-
on your attention, as the most promis-
ing product, that of cassava.
"It may not be generally known that
cassava is richer in hydro-carbon than
any other article grown in the United
States, and with the addition of a lit-
tle nitrogen, is therefore the most per-
feet food for all kinds of domestic ani-

"I have been informed by Dr. Inman
of Winter Haven, who has practiced
feeding cassava to his horses, mules.
cows, and pigs for 12 years that the
cost per animal per day does not ex-
ceeds 5 cents, which alone makes a
desirable that every farmer in Florida
should produce it."
Mr. Chas. Farmer cuts the seed-
cane with a saw; a hatchet splits and
ruins It.
How long will cassava roots keep?
Professor Stockbridge has kept it
from March to July in perfect condi-
tion, but it must be absolutely dry.
Would not pretend to say what others
could do.
How far north can it be grawn?
Stoekbridge has grown it seventy


Quick Fertilizer.
There is nothing in the American
market to-day that acts o quickly and
surely as a fertilizer as
fru e O .Ifd
Aplto the surface in the spring.
A ml quantity does the work.
Watch the crop closely and when
they look sick or make slow growth
aply the remedy promptly. Book,
"Food for Plants," tells all about it.
John A. Myers, 12-Y John St., New
York, will send you free copy on re-
quest. Nitrate for sale by
BALFOUR, WILUAl N & CO.,
r7 WIUim St., New Yr*

miles below Macon, Stevens eignty
miles above the Georgia hue.
What uses are made of its finished
products? Mr. Perkins says one great
use of starch is in stiffening the cotton
fibers so they can be manufactured
and woven. All grain starches have
inimuritie (gluten), but root starehui.,
especially cassava, are free. Laundry
and other uses are familiar. It is
cheaper to raise than potato starch.
What does it cost laid down in the
bin or factory? Dr. Stockbridge said
lie would like to contract to deliver it
to the factory for $12 an acre including
fertilizer, rent, everything. Dr. Inman
says that two-inch pieces are better
than longer ones.
How long pieces to use? Inman
said his did not cost him over $5 per
acre. but he feeds his out on the farm.
Dr. Stockbridge cuts them longer
the further you go out toward the tip.
What feed should be given with it?
Dr. Stockbridge-It is not a perfect
feed; to get the best results, give a
balanced ration. Beef cattle, one pound
of cotton seed meai to seven of cas-
sava; for cows, one to six; for pigs.
one-half pound to seven. No other feed
in the world makes as good beef or pork
as corn; next is cassava. The differ-
ence is partly in the flavor, chiefly in
the hardness of corn-fed meat. Cas-
sava fed meat can be hardened a little
by giving more meal toward the end,
and especially more corn. But doubts
If the meat is enough better to justify
the additional expense. It is the best
possible feed for growing animals;
nothing could be better. Would be
first-class for sheep, but mutton-grow-
ing would not pay in the South. With
velvet beans, give one pound of beans
to six of cassava. He has changed his
views a little from those expressed in
Bulletin 49; thinks it would take about
twenty pounds of cassava to make one
of beef.
A vote of thanks to Professors
Stockbridge and Awell, to the commit-
tee of arrangements, to the railroads,
and all who helped make the meeting
a success, was given. Three cars
crowded with members went out to
Lake Mary and looked through
the factory of the Planters' Manufac-
turing Company, which is about 200x
70 feet, one story high. It Is not fully
completed yet, but the machinery was
run for the occasion.' The tubers come
out of the cars in bulk and go down
a chute into a pit, where they are car-
ried horizontally through three huge
revolving cylinders of slatted work,
rolling in water, which cleans them.
An elevator carries them up overhead,
where they are ground. The pulp is
spread out in little troughs and kept
constantly shaking, while small sprays
of water play upon it. It is then dis-
charged down into a huge brick tank,
In which it is constantly stirred by
two long arms, revolving like the
spokes of a wheel, but horizontally.
Though a cassava root is snow-white,


the pulp looks dirty. The pure starch
settles to the bottom, the coarser pulp,
which is the dirty part, rises and is
worked off through stopcocks. The
mess goes through Sigh of these tanks
arranged in two series, being onustant-
ly stirred and watered. From the last
one it is removed and arle In ti dry-
kiln, being now, white, fine starch.
G. E. Pybus finds it increases the
flow of milk in cows often one-third.
Has been planting it five years; six
weeks ago planted forty-five acres.
Plants in four inch furrows, covers
with two furrow siees, harrows every
two weeks until it comes up. Rows
four feet apart. Four inch pieces.
1,400 will fill flour barrel, two barrels
will plant an acre. One man cuts six
barrels a day. Costs to raise, with seed
at $2.50 a thousand, 300 pounds of fer-
tilizer per acre, all cultural expenses.
digging and hauling one and one-half
miles, all together, $15 an acre. A man
will dig a ton a day, costs 75 cents. To
dig and haul one and one-half miles.
costs $1.25 a ton. Three tons per acre.
will pay all expenses, the rest is profit.
Raises from two to thirty -tons per
acre; average about seven. It loses
heavily in weight by standing. Fresh-
ly dug roots lose 10 per cent. in a
week, lying in the shade.
How deep to plough? Prof. Stock-
bridge says, if you have been plow-
ing deep continue; it shallow, do not
suddenly go deeper, but gradually.
Plow about as for potatoes, say three
to five inches. Subsoiling is all right
on soil suitable for cassava, but if the
land is so wet and heavy as not to
be fit without subsoiling, it is not fit
for cassava at all-don't use it.
Major Healey sarcastically asked if
cassava is a strange plant from some
unknown planet, that farmers could
not raise it by ordinary methods with-
out asking such a multitude of ques-
tions?
Dr. Inman preserves seed as fol-
lows; He plows a land about eight feet
wide twice, thus heaping it somewhat
along the middle, Sticks the cassava
canes down into this bed, standing
perpendicular, then plows and shovels
the earth up around them until they
are well banked up, only a few inches
standing out above the earth, and this
he covers with a thick mulch of pine
straw. This does not smother or
mold.
Early planting always gives heavier
yield than late planting. December 1.
he would call early planting, north of
Polk county, would not advise later
than that. Highest, lightest land
gives best results. Rolling to firm
earth after planting, would be good;
stepping on each hill is probably bet-
ter.
W. R. Healey plants as he plows,
and has had excellent stands some-
times when his neighbors raised al-
most nothing. Drops the seed in the
furrow and rolls the furrow slice di-
rectly over on it, then harrows down
smooth and flat. Seed germinates well
because the ground in the furrow is
moist; does not have time to dry out.
Would not on any account allow his
seed to be cut with a blow; is cut with
a saw. The cut end has to callus be-
fore sprouting takes place, and it
could not callus if split and haggled
with a hatchet.

Premium Watermelons.-Tom Hag-
gerton, of Rose Bluff, is preparing to
plant a crop of premium watermelons.
He has secured seed from a mammoth
melon which weighed 149 pounds. We
believe that Nassan county can raise


You have been in the power hoe fd
some great plant of machinery. Did it
occur to you that your body was a mas
wonderful machine ?
In the term of a natural life the heset
beats three thousand million times a"d
with a pressure of thirteen
pounds to the stroke liftsi
tha time, bnai a lUia W


of blood. What care are yoe taking o
this wonderful machine?
Shortness of breath, bang in the
ears, dizziness, palpitation of thhe art,
sleeplessness, stomach trouble, indies-
tion are only some of the evidences lat
the machinery is nndermig a atmin
which sooner or later will break it down.
What the lubricant is to the machine
of iron, Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
Discovery is to the machine of flesh and
blood. It reduces friction to a minimum
and keeps the great organs in proper
running order. It does this by heing
diseases of the stomach and organs of
digestion and nutrition, and facasil
the flow of pure and healthy blood.
used ten bottle of Dr. Pfts Odesi
Medical Dicowary and aeeral vias,. of
*Pleasant Pellets a year m- this ao a2
have had no trouble with adig iio"
writes Mr w. T. .Thlompsom, obr
Broadwater to., Montana. Word.s & to te
how thank I m orh the rd a I had
frd so m and it seemed that the doct
could do me goo. I got down in wdgit to
za5 pounds, and was not abe to work eat al
I weigh nerly 6o and can do a days wo
on the farm. Have recommended your aedi
cine to several, and shall always have a good
word to say for Dr. Pierce and his medidn."
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets invigor-
ate the stomach, liver and bowels. Use
them with the "Discovery" when a pill
is required.


just as fine melons as any other coun-
ty in the State, and that Tom Hagger-
ton has just as good opportunity to
get a premium as anyone. We wish
hili success.-Fernandina Mirror.


Putting into a diseased stomach is
like putting money into a pocket with
holes. The money is lost. All Its val-
ue goes for nothing. When the atom-
,ach is diseased, with the allied organs
of digestion and nutrition, the food
which is put into it is largely lost. The
nutriment is not extracted from it.
The body is weak and the blood is
impoverished.
The pocket can be mended. The
stomach can be cured. That sterling
medicine for the stomach and blood,
Doctor Pierce's Golden Medical Dis-
covery, acts with peculiar promptness
and power on the organs of digestion
and nutrition. It is a positive cure for
almost all disorders of these organs,
and cures also such diseases of the
heart, blood, liver and other organs,
as have their cause in a weak or dis-
eased condition of the stomach.


Farmers and builders will find it to
their advantage to write to Geo. H.
Fernald, Sanford, FIa., for prices on
all tools, implements and builders' sup-
plies. He is agent for the Acme Har-
rows, Walter A. Wood Mowers and
rakes, Remington, Avery and Brinly
Plows, Charter Oak Stoves and
Ranges, Devoe's Paints and Columbia
Bicycles. He has the best equipped
plumbing, steam and gas fitting estab-
lishment and tin shop in South Flor-
ida. Pumps, Columbia Bicycles, Bol-
ers, Machinery, new and second hand
a specialty. All inquiries promptly an-
swered.






I


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


woiaing asatty of CQrops.
ditor Florida Agricltowet:
It is a distinct financial gain to be
first in the market with early garden
vegetables. There Is greater-demand
for them and the first comers always
receive the highest prices. A differ-
ence of a few days is an item worthy
of the most careful attention and no
trucker can afford to overlook any
ap through which this time can

We will take it for granted from
the outset that the necessary care has
been given the seed-beds, transplant-
ing the plants and properly working
the soil These items are indispensa-
ble ,and evident to any intelligent til-
ler. The most natural factor after
them to suggest itself as exerting an
In luence on crops would be the variety
and amount of food applied. The plant
food not only Influences quality and
quantity of the crop, but also has
much to do with regulating the time
of maturing.
Mineral fertilizers like nitrate of
soda, acid phosphate and potash
salts tend to hasten maturity, whereas
tnmal manures such as bone meal,
age, etc., exert a marked tendency
retard ripening. The reason lies in
the fact that the chemical substances
are more soluble and consequently
more readll avallablc to the growing
plants.
The growing season of early mar-
ket vegetables is comparatively short.
and there is considerable falling off
both in yield and time of maturing if
they can not get their nourishment
when it is needed. The food ought to
be ready for the plants just as soon as
the plants are ready for it. 8o far as
phosphoric acid and potash are con-
cerned it is a simple matter to supply
quick acting food. Acid phosphate as
i source of the former and muriate of
potash for the latter furnish these
Ingredients in a readily soluble
available form. However when it
comes to nitrogen, there is considera-
ble room. 'for discrimination. The
plants do not Wat ll at thlBhe nltwro
gen'at one time, but a little every now
and then to give them life and vigor.


and apply the nitrate afterwards as
a top dressing. One-third immediate-
ly after sowing, one-third from two
to three weeks later and the balance
at a time when the crop is most in
need of a little pushing. Mix the ni-
trate with several times its bulk of
earth, this will dilute it and also insure


a most uniform distribution of the mi-
terial over the area needing fertiliz-
ing. P. J. Christian.

Simple Ways to Suceas.
Successful management does not
consist in the kind of feed nor In the
particular method of feeding, but the
main point is to keep them busy and
comfortable. The exercise of serateB-
ing will keep them in the best condi-
tion to produce eggs. In winter the YOUR
floor of the poultry house should be' I s in f
kept covered deep with litter, and the put on his f
oats or wheat scattered. This litter, The enlargem
of course, must not be allowed to re-
main too long in the house, but should
be renewed as cleanliness is the last S W
medicine. Nothing like i
The roosts should be made al near or to kill a s
the foor as possible, say 1% ft, and be This remedy is
ers and horse
removable, so as to be easily cleaned iment, because
and washed with some good insect its PjeetraHtig
preventive, such as oil of tar, or even nstl i.
lime whitewash. Keeping hens in
small flocks pays best, say 16 to 24 in
each hbnusi sod. warm houses are, of
course, necessary. Most farmers lose M5 L
more than the gain of being too econ-
omical with their fowls, especially in Seed Beans an
winter. Oats fed to laying hens, man- and a full sto4
aged right, will bring, the farmer in Feed. Write
eggs 60 to 70 c, and wheat 90 to $1 per
bu. but clover scalded, fed to hens will William
save bushels of grain and make more
eggs. In cold weather parch or boll
corn or wheat when feeding to the
poultry. Milk, lean meat and cut -
green bone are egg producers. Have
regular hours to feed, and in winter I
_,_- __-.- _-a-^- P,-h. f-- h.-IA..l ---


give warm water. reauc trees shoudI
be planted within the poultry inclosure,
and running water furnished whenever
possible.--. G. Allshouse in New Eng-
land Homestead.

We have complete list American
Manufacturers. Can buy for you at


When plants are m need of nitrogen- lowest factory prices and ship you di-
ous food it should be applied in such rect from each. Machinery, machines
form that its action will be instanta- of all kinds, engines, boilers, incuba-
neons, so to say. tors, windmills, or anything wanted.
It has already been explained Correspondence solicited.
that barn yard manure and certain American Trades Agency,
other animal fertilizers llke bone meal Jacksonville, Fla. 6tf
and tankage are slow in their action
and hence not beet suited as sources Scientific Parming.
of nitrogen to force vegetation. Ni- Scientific farming is farming in ac-
trate of soda is the quickest acting cordance with nature's immutable
'form of nitrogen and therefore admir- laws. That is what farmers have been

sd just before a rain its effects of the industry. These laws men have
ean be noticed in 21 hours. The total measurably learned by experience.
amount of the crop can be divided into Should each depend on his own exper-
several doses and applied At times lence for the knowledge needed to
when most needed. In this way there guide him in his industry, he would
. i no danger of waste and no chance not learn in his lifetime the alphabet
of the nitrogen not being readily ae- of farming. He has unconsciously ben-
eeMsble to the plants when required, efitted from the accumulated experl-
The market vegetables are heavy ences of ages. Could le not benefit
feeders as a rtle and must have plen- more, now that so much has been
ty of plant fodd to produce learned, by frequent farmers' meet-
quantity and quality and earli- ings, discussions of methods and ex-:
nees. No one ean give a formn- change of experiences?
la that will suit all cases but the gener- Farmers should learn the objects
al experience of the successful truck- and appreciate the value of the agri-
ers is that for tomatoes, onions, pota- cultural experiment stations. The oh-
toes, cabbage, etc., an average appli- ject of the station is to ascertain what
nation per acre should be from 800 to crops, and what particular variety of
o00 pounds aid phosphate, 150 to 200 crop in its own state will give best re-
pounds muriate of potash and 200 to suits, how many can best be cultivat-
80D pound nattrate of 'tod Mix the ed, protected from damage by drouth
phohrle asked and, the potash well or insects, cared for during and after
with the ol shorty before planting harvest how the values of the soil may


I

I

I
,


0
S
5


NEW TOMATO "O
..LIVINOSTON'S MAONUS.
This very distinct and most prom-
ising new variety, of the color of
BEAUTY and ACME, is the latest
addition by Livingston to the Toma-
to family. It is thicker, heavier, and
more solid than either of the above,
making it the most handsome sort
in cultivation. The fortm is perfect
uniform, large and attractive.
llesh very firm. It Is a robustgrorw-
er with snort Joints, setting its fruit
clusters ctoaer together than most
varieties, and is therefore a heavy
cropper. It is especially adapted
for ShippIng, and is remarkably fine
for forcing indoors and out. Order
at once.
Per Pkt., 2ao; 3 pkts Soc, 7 pkt. (Si
les"tly mr UmQaSrNd p E D with O w er
The LIVINGSTON SEED CO., Columns, O.

-mn


t HORSE__..
om an enimagment ca be quickly
eet. No need to blister or fire.
ent will be quickly absorbed by



t to cure a sore tendon,
pavin, curb or splint.
i known to more driv-
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e it does the work by!
Qualities.
uIa ug Ia Wh..i .


^*otat ies
Id Pes, Bocky For d Cantaloupe Seed, Onion Sets
ck of fresh Garden Seeds. Also Grain, Hay and
for prices. Catalogeue free.

Boors b E BAY STREET,
SJACKSONVILLE, FLA.




Protection


U FOR PLANTERS
Se is te planters ammunition, and good wed
Sis ust as Important to the man behind tie plow as
s avgglunaitin is to the man behind the gun."
Ouatixroo Catalogue of
EVERYTHING mTu GARDEN
Is a ge bosk, 9SxIll cbs, hmag ever 7 e ravlng
sd w supe* celed plates of Seeds and Plants-a perfect mine
of information on garden topics. To give our Catalogue
the largest possible distribution, we make the following
liberal offer:
EVERY EMPTY ENVELOPE
icoats as caUs.
To every one who ,will state where this advertisement was
seen and who encloses us 0 cats (in stamps), we will mail
the Catalogue, and also send, fre of hrms, our famous W
cent "Harvest" C*ettes of seeds, containing one packet each
S. of New Large-flowering Sweet Peas NewGiant Pansy, New
Giant Comet Asters, White Plume Celery, French Breakfast
Radish and New Fdeedom Tomato, in a ir ewele. which
when emptied and returned will be accep4l as a -ceat cash paymt on any order
of goods selected from Catalogue to the amount of Si.ooand upward.
PETER HENDERSON & CO.,
S 3 AND 37 CORTLANPT ST., NEW YORK.


be maintained at the least cost, and
what manures, commercial fertilizers
or crops will best maintain fertility;
what is the best rotation Of crops;
what varieties of fruit to plant, when
to plant and how to care for them by
culture, manuring and pruning; how
to feed live stock to obtain the most
and the best quality o( meat at the
least cost and in the shortest time;
how to do best all the many necessary
things in the care of the dairy heard,
the making and care of dairy products.
These are only some of the matters
which the stations are investigating
with a scientific and practical training
and with such equipment as can only
be had at such public institutions.


-------- 2
Pt^6^'~-)-- ------ -----s--

Sach investigation entered upon is fol-
lowed up persistently until results are
obtained that enables the station to
my in its bulletin thereon something
that has practical value to the farm-
ers; and officers of these stations are
always glad to give freely the infor-
Ipation thus obtained to the farmers
who will take the trouble to apply for
it. The farmers themselves could ex-
tend the value of this experimental
work by organizing local farmers as-
sociations, undertaking certain experi-
mental crops, methods of culture, etc.,
under the advice of the station officers,
Discussing the work at their meetings
and reporting results to the stations.-
Texas Farm Journal.


_


i


- -ml


4
v









Wa THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Downy Mildew on the Cucumber.
In May of last year a mysterious dis-
ease developed on the cucumber crop
in the Manatee region, and occasioned
a loss of several thousand dollars. Its
attack was so severe that to prevent
its ravages was out of the question.
and, in consequence, nothing was
done, or in fact, could be done. It was
at first supposed that the trouble was
localized, but such was not the case,
for the writer has collected specimens
of diseased cucumber leaves at Glen
St. Mary, Lake City and Sanibel; and
these, together with the specimens for-
warded by Wyman & Rogers of Man-
atee, give ut four widely separated
points at which the fungus has been
found. The natural conclusion is,
of course, that it occurs throughout
the entire State; nor is it of recent ori-
gin here, as specimens are preserved
in the herbarium of the division of
pathology, United States Departimeln
of Agriculture, collected by .. F.
Howe at Anona, Hillsboro county,
Florida, in December, 1899.
The disease Is due to a parasitic fun-
gus-a plant which grows in the inter-
ior of the leaves. It is known as the
Plasmopara Cubensis (H. & C.)
Humphrey *(Peronospora Cubensis B.
& C.) and belongs to the family Ieron-
osporaceae. Some of its close rela-
tions are the downy mildew of tli
grape (klasmopara Viticola), the po-
tato blight (Phytophthora Infestans),
the white rust of radishes (Cystopus
Candidus), a mildew of the lettuce
(Bremia Lactucae) and the mildew oc-
curring on the cabbage, radish and al-
lied plants (Peronospora Parasitica).
The disease makes its appearance on
the older leaves of the cucumber, and
gradually follows them up to within
five or six from the tips of the vines.
Yellowish, irregular-shaped spots make
their appearance, and on the unter-
side of these notches the fruit bodies
of the fungus are produced on specially
developed portions known as conidia-
phores. When examined under the
compounu microscope, they are found
to be much branched, and at the tips
of the branches small olive-colored
oval-shaped bodies-the condidia or
spores-are found. These are instru-
mental in spreading the disease. The
spores are blown about by the wind,
and, falling upon the surface of a leaf
under favorable conditions of heat and
moisture, gives rise to a number of
soospores; these in turn germinate; a
small tube is produced, and this en-
ters through one of the stoma or
breathing spores into the leaf, and
there continues its growth, constitut-
ing what is known as the mycelium of
the fungus. This is to be found be-
tween the cells, but here and there
small projections called haustoria or
suckers are found penetrating the
cells. Thus the leaf is deprived of the
watery solutions used to feed the
plant; it turns brown in spots; these
enlarge and ultimately embrace the
whole leaf, which as a natural conse-
quences dies. Stewart suggests that in
all probability a poisonous substance
-is produced by the mycelium, which
more rapidly causes the death of the
cells. After the growth of the fungus
has advanced far enough and sufficient
nourishment has been gathered the
specially developed portions of the my-
celium are shoved out through the sto-
mata, and spores are produced.
But, besides these, it has been found
that, in connection with other fungi of
this class, another kind of spore is pro-
duced. These are round, larger and
thieked walled. They develop in the


tissues of the leaves instead of being
raised above the surface, and are
known as winter or resting spores,
their office being to carry the fungus
through periods unfavorable to its
growth. Technically, they are called
oospores, and whether they are ever
present in this species is very doubt-
ful. So far as we are concerned, in
Florida, it makes very little difference,
because the fungus lives and thrives
here in many localities throughout the
winter, and from these sources it is
easily scattered about the State when
the opportune moment arrives; that
is, when host plants are ready.
In those states where heavy frosts
are certain to destroy the summer
spores, it is quite a different matter,
and investigators have directed their
efforts toward finding out how it pass-
es the winter. The answer to that
question would, in all probability, sug-
gests a better method of control. No
satisfactory conclusion has been reach-
ed, but it is not improbable that the
following ideas suggested by Profes-
sor Selby contain a grain of truth:
The disease develops throughout the
year in Florida, and from there grad-
ually makes its way north, as its host
plants (cucumbers, melons, etc.) are
developed in spring. It usually ap-
pears in the more northern states dur-
ing the latter part of August and Sep-
tember. To support this theory it
would be necessary to know whether
the disease occurs in all or nearly all
the intervening states. At present the
following is the list of states in which
it has been found: Florida, Texas,
Maryland, New Jersey, Massachusetts.
Connecticut, New York and Ohio. It
has also been found in Japan and Cu-
ba. It the latter place it was first dis-
covered.
Experiments in controlling the dis-
ease have been carried out by F. C.
Stewart of Geneva, N. Y.; A. D. Selby.
of Wooster, Ohio; Byron D. Halstead.
New Brunswick, N. J., and others. It
has been proven that it can be done
satisfactorily, but that the measures
adopted must be preventive, not cura-
tive, for once the disease has gained a
foothold it is extremely difficult to
hold in check. In Stewart's experi-
ments on Long Island the fungus was
kept down by using a one to eight so-
lution of Bordeaux mixture, spraying
once a week or every ten days. The
plants continued to grow and bear un-
til there were cut off by frost.
TI is disease is one that is likely to
cause serious trouble in Florida, as ft
att ks not only the cucumber, but the
cantaloupe and the watermelon. 'Re-
alizing its importance, experiments
will be conducted at Manatee, Fla., on
the grounds of Wyman & Rogers. dur-
ing-the coming season in order to
practically demonstrate that the pests
can be successfully controlled in Flor-
ida.-H. Harold Hume in larmnr ann
Fruit Grower.


The Railroad Case.
The termination of the great Florida
Railroad case has given rise
to a wide discussion and many
li fferent versions and .on
has made the fallowing statement con-
cerning the case, which may be con-
sidered authorative. He says:
"T'here seems to be a difference of
opinion between Messrs. Barrs and
Hartridge whether the ending of liti-
gation by the Railroad Commissioners
against the Savannah, Florida &
Western Railroad Company, and prob-


OUR NAVY USES PE-RU-NAL


Paymater


it will


WM. A. COLLIER, PAYMAL
One of the moat responsible positions
In the practical management of the
United States Navy is the Paymaster's
Offce. Only men of great executive and
clerical ability can All such a position.
BuMh a man is the Hon. William A. Col-
lier, Assistant Paymaster of the United
States Navy. In a recent letter of him
to Dr. Hartman he says:
WAaHINGITN, D. C., Jan. 2,1800.
I have taken Pe ru-na and take pleas-
ure in recommending it to those needing
a first-elass tonic, feeling assured that it
will do all that is claimed for it.
Yeao truly, Wm. A. Coliar.


Sergeant Buck Taylor, New York City.
Sergeant Buck Taylor, one of the
famouss Rough Riders, is a personal
friend of Governor Roosevelt, of New
York. He accompanied Governor Roose-
velt on his great stumping tour through
apper New York state. He was pro-
moted through gallantry in the feld
luring the late war.
The Sergeant has the following to my


of Pe-u-na: "I think there is no bettf
medicine on earth than Pe-ru-na, foe
catarrh. It has cured me. It would
take a volume to tell you all the good it
has done me. Pe-ru-na is the best oar
tarrh cure on earth, and I know, for I
have tried nearly all of them. Respeeb
fully, Buck F. Taylor."
Major Algernon A. Mabson, of the
Tenth Volunteer .
regiment, stationed
at Macon, Ga., in a
recent letter to Dr.
Hartman from
Washington, D. C,
says: "I think
there is no better
medicine on earth 1;
than your Pe-rn-na
for catarrh. It has
'surely cured me. It "
would take a vol-
nme to tell you all Major Matbon.
the good it has done me. Pe-ru-na is
the greatest remedy ever prepared, and
I think I have tried them all."
A. 4A Mabson.
Pe-ru-na attained great popularity
among the officers of the army as well as
the navy during the late war with Spain.
A L reat many letters were received from
field and hospital corps, indicating thb
this popular climatic remedy has becono
well nigh indispensable to them. Pe-
ru-na is not only a National remedy, but
has proven itself a National blessing.
Letters from every quarter ar received
daily testifying to the virtues of Pe-r-
na in cases of catarrh that had long sinee
given up all hope of cure. Coughs, colds,
influenza, la grippe and acute catarrh
yield at once to the action of Pe-ru-a.
No case of catarrh can entirely resist the
curative virtues of Pe-ru-na, as every
case is either cured or permanently beo- .
fited. A lecture on catarrh and its ao
by Dr. Hartman sent free by The Pe-
naDrug M'fg Company, of oiumbusO


ably also against the Florida Centrll "The history of the litigation just
& Peninsular Railroad Company, is ended is as follows: On June 14, 188,
to be termed 'a settlement' or 'a corn- the Railroad Commissioners made the
promise' or 'obeying the orders of the following order:
commission.' "'8tate of Florida, Office of the





-.4* IS0 .'


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 8


Railroad Commission, Tallahassee,
Fla., June 14, 18086-The following
standard passenger tariff for the rail-
roads doing business in the State of
Florida is published for the informa-
tion of all concerned, and shall go into
effect on the 18th day of July, A. D.
1808:
"Full passenger fare shall be 3 cents
mile, and half fare shall be 11y
cents per mile on tie following named
railroads in the said State, to-wit:
The Plant Jtem of Railways, Flor-
ida Centr4 Peninsular Railroad
Company. I *"
"The railroads mentioned refused to
put such passenger rates into effect,
and on the 9th day of June, 1898, the
commissioners directed me to institute
Wuits- to enforce the 3-cent rate as or-
dered by them. The suits above men-
tioned were begun in the summer of
1808.
"The issue involved in the commis-
sion suits was the justness and reas-
onableness of the 4-cent rate, hereto-
fore in effect upon these lines of roads.
The question was one of fact as well
Lf law, and had these suits gone to
cluslon in the Courts, a vast denl
of labor and responsibility would have
been imposed upon the Railroad Com-
mission, the attorney-general an"'
special counsel, and also upon the rail-
roads and their counsel. Every source
of the railroads' revenues, their expen-
see, debts, the bona fides of the same.
and every feature of their management
would have to be gone into, to proper-
ly and legally determine this question.
Our. State Supreme Court, in 1889, de-
clared the law relating to the rate-
making power of the Railroad Com-
nilssion to be as follows:
"3. Where a tariff of freight and
passenger rates has been established
by the company and the Commission-
differ as to whether such rates,
dered as a whole, will prove re-
numerative to the company and there
is room for a difference of intelligent
opinion on the question, the courts can-
not Interfere or substantiate their
Judgment for that of the Commission-
era, but the tariffs as 'fixed by the
Commissioners must, in so far as the
courts are concerned, be left to the
test of experiment."
"'4. The courts have no power to
make freight or passenger tariffs.'
Head notes of decision in case of P.
& A. R. R. Co. vs. State of Florida;
voL, 25, Florida Reports, page 310.
"This was a suit begun by Hon. C.
M. Cooper when he was attorney-gen-
eral, and was on the docket and ar-
gued by me when I came into office,
Jary, 1899. This is still the raw in
nBtate. And no well informed per-
Scould ever have had a doubt about
the issue of the Constitutionality of
the Railroad Commission law of 1897.
amended in 1890. As far back as 1888
our Supreme Court, in the case of the
Railroad Commissioners vs. P. & A.
R. R. Co., sustained the validity of the
commission law of 1887, enacted under
the State Constitution of 1885, as
is also the present commission, law,
This, too, was a ease brought by ex-
Attorney-General Cooper. These suits
by Mr. Cooper were very important,
and settled the law applicable to the
facts involved in commission suits in
this State.
"The Commissioners' acts under the
commission law of 1887, regulating the
railroads, were affirmed as legal and
ample in suits instituted by me in
the year 1891 against the P. & A. R. R.
Co. and other companies. The differ-
enee between the former litigation and


the present litigation is that the form- I
er related largely to setting the law of EN
the case, and the latter proposed to .
reach all the facts, and overhaul and e-AoS-S
ransack the entire management, reven- =a O0
ues, expenses and debts of the rail- nspM anSo*
roads proceeded against. This would i anlIr tnm
have been a very great litigation of ts ez ui,
long continuance, and no one could tasmfMet
precisely predict its ending. REWAR
"The rates of passenger travel I 'u
which results from this ending of liti- "yu n"Ai
gation is a five-day round-trip, 3-cent THE 0
rate (and also half-rate round-trip m nOrei
tickets). It is not what the commis-
sioners directed to be adopted under
their order of June 14, 1898, and yet it
is a less rate than that heretofore
charged by the railroads. It depends l
upon the 'point of view,' whether it is
to be termed a 'settlement' or 'a com-
promise,' obeying the order of the com- -I!
mission.' It may be that the result
will lead to an unconditional 3-cent
rate for passenger travel to the people S
of Florida. The experiment of the
limited 3-cent rate to be adopted may
Induce the railroads themselves to
finally adopt the unconditional 3-cent
rate." It
The original alternative writ of man- It
damus requires that the railroads
charge 3-cents a mile for a full fare
and 11/ cents per mile tor a half-fare to keep
absolutely and at all events. It will be -ie Gla
seen from the interview with Judge bicycle
Lamar that the roads will continue to case shi
charge 4 cents per mile for one way thing at
at 2 cents for a half fare one way, now th
when the ticket is without limit. On a
five day limit a round trip ticket is to
be sold at the rate of 3 cents a mile W
for a full fare and 1% cents per mile
for a half-fare. Nothing
far as y
ROCKY FORD CANTALOUPE. magic o
Beware of seeds saved from culls nish and
and dumps, which constitute the bulk- rag rem
of the seed sent out from Rocky Ford, sheet.
Col., of which I have proof. I believe
I have the only stock grown at Rocky
Ford the past season expressly for the
seed and saved from the select fruit,
of which I have only about 1000 lbs. Without
Price, per ounce, 10c, 1-- pound 38c., little gir
1 lb. 90c. postpaid. Send for evidences in the f
of purity and prices on large quanti- can get
ties to J. B. SUTTON, Seedsman, peers ma
Ocala, Fla. CHEMI
P
As the Floriua Representaative of
the large International Publishing e86@:C
Company of Philadelphia and Chicago.
I am prepared to offer extra induce-
ments to LADIES and GENTLEMEN
to work for them both by offering
large commissions and PREM3IIJ3S *
also both to the agent and purchaser
of books. Isaac Morgan,
State Agent.
Kissimmee, Fla.


WANTED-Several bright and hon-
est persons to represent us as manag-
ers of this and close by counties. Sal-
ary $900 a year and expenses. Straight
bona-fide, no more, no less salary. Po-
sition permanent. Our references, any
blnk in mny town. It is'mainly office
work conducted at home. Reference.
Enclose self addressed stamped enve-
lope. THE DOMINION COMPANY.
Dep. 3, Chicago.

BROOM CORN WANTED.
A company in DeLand is desirous of
establishing a broom factory, and
they wish to procure a small quanti-
ty of broom straw for experimental
purposes, and also for planting. Par-
ties who can furnish either of these
will confer a favor by notifying. us.


I NO maNE


$*1.g98 UYS A $3.5S :UIT
EIADE I Y-i IKl reWAiEOeT" MII.m
Like Play "I"-
A o W "119 A 2Fill
S d to us, a wls nd ay wheth
the silverware bright are or mal forage and well end you
SL he suit by eiprm, C. 0. D. subject to ex-
th-Ie N-amination. w es exmme it atyour
ssware sparkling, the I press offceand If found perfetly etia-
1- fII tolT mndt- l and M id Ii 7Man tmlr
lustrous, the ulano A yyonrexpres gent r r
SI er Prl. l.P. and express charges.
ny and every polishable TllES mS lEANITl Tre forhorbs to
I l ea of a. e .n. _i k 4 .w i _i U
: top notch of brilliancy a Made Tithan I sFU dtd as ES,
las 1 os l1 9 .slea I s1 rs aJed, d 0 r es
at it is possible. . eial bei y wel t, wsrt.,mi., ii.ra.
8ll CuI(er. net, nt handsome pattern,
flue Italian lining. eomise Benry.. i .irlel, pabi&pas
sOi-a Ua k l reieIireif, nsilk indm wemoeipt Igi arllerw
TOs USe lw aitx uamj orre wtr-l be proud.C
r r T lTEA19 RA wrllef r .e atpi I 8-h S1I9, contains fashion
TCH- KLOTH Iplates, tape meure. nd full instructions how to order
JJIe' knito made to order fwI-iesa IIU. S am-
pies sent free on application. Address.
but a simple cloth as SEARS, ROEBUCK & CO. (Inc.), Chicago, IIL
,scu* & ?o ear lkmrmi ly ri qlablf -l-4itr.)
you cau see, but the anek are thrnlylabl- r.)
f its touch removes tar-
smuchiness as a damp 50 YEARS
oves dust. 15 cents a a EXPERIENCI


Doll

Slippers.
TRIADI MARKS
a penny to pay. Every CEsiGNS
1 whose mother now or COPYRmRrs &C.
Anyone sending a sketh and de cT inTtfnn may
future, uses Witchkloth nickiy ascertain or ollon free whether
invention is probably p:tentable.- (,,munics,
a pair of beautiful slip- .ionsstrictlyconfldential. Handbookon Patent
sent free. Oilest agency for securing patents.
de to fit her dolly. Patents taken through Hunn Co. receive
Special i ntc, without charge, in the
CAL SPECIALTY CO., Seta itonc rn
'hiladelphia, Pa.
A handsomely Illltrats d weekly. Largest ei.
culation of any aientidc journal. Terms, $3 a
yoear: four months, L Bold ball newedealers
U L 0Co.-3o'" 'y. New York
arc M tat- Waitmblon.D..


Spades EMIIONO
I et talkedopotatoonerth OILN
Iar I catalg tells--o also about ea-


STrumps
when they hlp l:i the
growing of Johnson ,
Stokes seeds. There's
pleasure in the sowing,
pleasure in the crowing,
pleasure in the reaping.
Our new century
Garden and

Farm Manual
shows the results attained
by others--Phosa wlat you
can do. No. exaggeration.
*Handsome ph', ograpiitc ir
lustrations. Yonrs FRER
ortheasking. Write to-day.
JOlINSON & STOKES,
SIr and 19 Market St.,
Philadelphi" Pa.


The soil can scarcely be gotten in l
too fine tilth for corn and potatoes.
The more fertility they can assimilate
the better will be the yield. The finer
the tilth, the better can crops grasp it
and be benefited by it.


THE --..--

MvOW ER
That will kile
all the weeds
in your lawns
If you keep
the weeds cut
so they do not
go to seed,
and cut your
grass without
breaking the small feeders of roots
the grass will become thick and
weeds will disappear. Send for
catalogue.
THE CLIPPER WILL DO IT
CLIPPER LAWN MOWER 0O.
Norristown, Pa






-V


M THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


PX ANWD S0C 0BS.

The original of Haggard's "She," it
is claimed, was Majaji, a native queen
in the Transvaal. An old Boer says
that he found a tribe that worshipped
a woman who has been dead for years,
but they pretend and partially believe
themselves, that she is still alive and
dwells in a cave in the mountains.
They call her "She-in-a-Cave" and
claim that she issues orders that must
be obeyed. Here is a wonderful co-
incidence to say the least.


A curious custom is observed in the
village of Great Bookman, Surrey.
England. When the wife of a trades-
man goes off for the usual summer
holiday to the seaside, one or two ex-
pert climbers ascend at midnight to
the roof of the house and insert old
brooms in the chimney as a sign that
the head of the house has'the super-
vision of the domestic arrangements in
addition to his ordinary work. Thei
wife of the worthy landlord at the
Crown hotel having departed, no few-
er than eight brooms adorned the
house.-Pittsburg Bulletin.

Paris has a hotel for working girls,
,founded by a wealthy woman at the
,cost of 1,000,000 francs, and is the
home of the Amicitia Club, with thir-
ty rooms for shop girls and a good and
cheap restaurant, to which any work-
ing woman may have access. Each of
the members pays a small sum toward
a fund used in the common interest-of
the association, which keeps up lect-
ures and educational classes, and oth-
erwise provides for the entertainment
and instruction of the members.-Bal-
timore American.

In spite of British rule India is still
virtually a soapless country. Through-
out the villages of Hindustan soap is
indeed regarded as a natural curiosi-
ty, and it is rarely, if ever, kept in
stock by. the native shop-keeper. In
the towns it is now sold to a certain
extent, but how small this is may be
gathered from the fact that the total
yearly consumption of soap in India
is about 100,600 hundredweight; that
Is to say, every 2,500 persons use on
an average only 112 pounds of soap
among them, or, in other words, con-
siderably less than an ounce is the av-
erage consumption for each person.

The Boer is an deal pioneer. From
the days of the great trek in 1837, and
even before, that he opened up coun-
tries hitherto unexplored by white
man. A great deal of fuss has been
made of mighty travelers, English and
foreign, who have traversed Africa, to
the vast pecuniary benefit of their pub-
lishers and with so small meed of fame
-to themselves, but there was scarcely
one of the old vortrekkers and hunt-
ers of the forties and fifties who did
not accomplish feats of endurance,
pluck and lengthy travel which were
ten times as trying.-London Mail.

paragraphs.... .. ..............
Travelers as well as engineers will
be interested to learn that the great
work of boring the Simplon Tunnel is
progressing favorably. New geolog!-
cal strata have been-reached by the
workmen, who have hitherto encount-
ered only gnelss, with layers of feld-
spar, but have now come to a layer of
limestone. The 1,500 men in Switzer-
land have achieved a mile of tun-
ael on that aide, while at the Italian
end, where a thousand men are engag-
dt .em ifrto of a mile have been


accomplished. The tunnel will allow
the passage from Italy to Switzerland
to be made at more than a thousand
feet below the level of St. Gothard.


I


TTo'


If so, there must be some
trouble with its food. Well
Babies are plump: only the
"sick are thin; Are you sure
the food is all right? Chil-
dren can't help but grow;
They must row if their food
nourishes tlem. Perhaps a
mistake was ade in the
past and as a result the di-
gestion is weakened. If that
is so, don't ive the baby
a lot of medine; just use
- your every-day common,
sense and help nature a
little, and the way to do
it is to add half a teaspoon-
ful of


: scon's
SCO S


EMULSION

to the baby's food three or
Four times a day. The gain,
will begin the very first day
*you give it. It seems to,
correct the digestion and
Sets the baby started right
again. If the baby is nurs-
ing but does not thrive, then
Sthe mother should take the
'emulsion. It wil have a
Good effect both pon the
mother and child. Twenty-
'five years proves this fact.
joc. and $z.oo, all druggists.
SSCOT & BOWNE. Chemists, New York.
[ ,~ -, .


A very interesting example of wild
bird life is attracting attention just
now in London. Several years ago a
couple of sea gulls, during some very
cold weather, found their way to the
lake in St. James' park, and discover-
ed that people liked them and would
feed them, says the. London Leader.
That couple must have said things to
their pals. Every winter since some
have returned to the park; and each
year it has been noted that the num-
ber has increased. This year however,
they have come in huge flocks. They
now form the chief attraction in St.
James' park, and they are so numer-
ous and daring that they beat off the
ducks from all the feeding given by
the crowd. Although, too, it has not
been very cold yet, they are comiara-
tively tame. Sone will feed from trle
hand, and all will catch pieces that
.Ire thrown to them.

Habit hath so vast a prevalence over
the human mind that there is scarcely
anything too strange or too strong to
be asserted of it. The story of the
miser, who, from being long accustom-


*IS B:b


ed to cheat others, came at last to
cheat himself and with great delight
and triumph picked his own pocket of
a guinea to convey to his hoard is not
impossible or improbable.

It is estimated that during the pres-
ent century nearly 73,000 Jews have be-
come Protestant Christians, over 57,-
000 have joined the Roman Catholic
'church, and 74,000 the Greek church.
These with those who have left Juda-
ism through mixed marriages makes a
total of 224,000 in this century. The
annual conversions to the protestant
church average over 1,400.

The oldest Christian structure in
Ireland is a remarkable building, evi-
dently very ancient, but wonderfully
well preserved, at Dingle in county
Kerry. It is popularly known as the
"Oratory of Ganerus.'? Who Gallerus
was history does not say, but as the
oratory has stood practically uninjur-
ed for more than a thousand years he
was probably one of the converts of
St. Patrick.

Losing the Charleston in Philippine
waters will involve a claim against
the government by the men and offi-
cers of the ship for personal losses
sustained by the vessel's sinking.
Each man is entitled to be reimbursed
for everything that he lost, it being re-
quired that each article, however,
shall be enumerated and its probable
value given. When the American
ships were lost at Apla In the great
hurricane of March, 1889, congress re-
imbursed all the, men and officers.
Some of the claims of officers were as
high as $2,500 and few were under
$1,500

Potter Palmer's business is largelyy
in real estate, and among his extensive
possessions are more than a hundreO
houses In the most desirable residence
portions of the North side of Chicago.
Upon Miss Esther W allace who has the
entire handling of the details of this
immense business, rests the response,
ability of deciding as to the financial lia-
bility of possible tenants, whether the
individual making application is upon
business bent, or is inspired by idle cu-
riosity, in how far it is advisable to
humor the various whims of chlents,
and the thousand and one questions
that come up as to repairs, remodel-
ing, decorating, etc. *

The excavations on the site of the
ancient Forum at Rome. still continue
to be successfully prosecuted. Last
week, for Instance, two of the work-
man engaged in the search for antiqui-
ties laid open a sewer dating from the
time of Nero, and suddenly became
aware of the presence of a glittering
substance. They then discovered of
a quantity of gold coins embedded in
the sediment of the sewer. They filled
a hat with these coins, which, when
washed, proved to be gold pieces of the
fourth and fifth centuries that had evi-
dently been thrown where they were
found for concealment at the time of
an incursion of the barbarians, their
owners having had no opportunity of
recovering them. They are all beau-
tifully preserved, and many of them
were evidently fresh from the mint.
They are 876 in number and belong to
seven different reigns.-London Daily
News.

Sharply Cream separatrs--Profit-
able DaItdtl.


LE I : 1117"" -1112


WHY

DR. HATHAWAVY

CURES.

temmg fr Hils Narvedew UOe-.
His New, Free Bek.
Dr. Bat,

Sa a pealt ng what are
met ha t





professiw.
sato

beg

p te a pa of

slon as a specialist ia treating what areas aa
known as private diseases of me and wbms
This system oftreatmenthehas uore sand me
perfectedeach yearuntil todayhismeu esst M
invariable as to be the marvel of lb 1as1 08
profession.
Enjoyin the largest practice of any .ps
in the world he sti malnUns a systemL oam- .
nal fees which makes It possible for ans eto mb a
his services.
Dr Hathaway treats aneulresLTne fYim
Varicocele. Stricture, Blood Poisoning its tM-
ferent stag Rtheumatism Weak Ba ck
ounaest, all manner of Urlary O
Ulees. weres and Skmilnsem.
ao and on a sof KldneyTroables.
for undertoned men restores lost vital
makes the patient a strong, well, voe .
Dr. Hathaway's suese In the treatsest id
Varlocele and Stricture without the aid ( ril
or cauteryis penol aL The atiesmtimtta -
by this method at his own home wit"oatial ar
los of time from business. This positively te
only treatment whieh eureawithout an Eesaie.
Dr. Hathaway calls the particular Nflnao0 C
sufferers from Varlcoeele and tricture to page
27,.28 i and 3 1 f his new book, e
Manaess Vigor. Health," aeoy of wM
be sent free on application.
Write today for free book sad syam MpISM
m -aUoIbf your compl .
AJ NWTON-IATHA WAY, .
Dr. Eturway gC'
r2 Bryan street, Ismand k,
MrrTION THIs PAPI waHr wasrIUNo


i);











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. a


JIMJAAL DEPABIT XENT.

Address all communleatlons to the
editor, W. O. Steele, Switserland, Fla

ltteets of Cold.
Last week we gave some items on
this subject. We continue it this weel
' because It is a subject of great inter
eat to all who grow flowering pla&/
and shrubs in Florida, who have fo
been fortunate enough to find a loca
tion south of the famous "frost line.'
Another week shows that most of
the stems of Jasminum hirsutum an
not killed, but have simply lost their
leaves; while many of the smaller
shorter stems underneath the heavier
growth are as fresh and green as ever
-not a leaf touched. The same is tru
of the small short stems of Myrtus
tomentosa; they are green and frest
to the tips, every leaf sound, while the
taller stems are killed to the ground.
Probably the greatest surprise or
our place has been the fact that plant!
of Nicotlana aflinis, a variety of flow-
ering ornamental tobacco, in opera
ground, entirely unprotected, are still
living, almost unhurt, many entirely
so; a few lost parts of outside leaves,
but no one plant was killed.
Since writing our notes last week we
have visited the home of a neighbor
about a mile and a half from here.
Our place is a little over a half mile
from the St. Johns river, wnll0 our
friend lives on the bank of the river.
On going Inside the gate, about thirty
feet from the edge of the river bank.
our attention was at once attracted by
two large clumps of Alpinia nutans.
the tops still as green and fresh as be-
fore the freeze. Occasionally a leaf
had been touched a little, but the dam-
age was so Yery light that it would
not be noticed unless'you were looking
closely for the effects of the cold. A
little further along in the yard we
came to a most astonishing freak of
the froat. A large plant of Salvia len-
coanthera, which.by the way is one.of
the handsomest varieties we have ever
seen, the earolla being white and the
calyx dark blue or purple, was almost
killed to the ground. Yet in the center
of the elump one shoot, the youngest
and apparently the tenderest of the lot,
was absolutely unhurt, every leaf as
green and fresh as in mid summer.
This was not owing to any protection
afforded by the other stalks, as they
Gld 16t t6w clove together, and the
older stems rather leaned away from
the other.
On this place a large vine of Thun-
bergia fragrans was killed to the
ground. Not ten feet away a smaller
vine of the same variety, trained on a
southwest wall of the house, did@not
lose a leaf.
On our place Eranthemum pulchel-
unm, a very tender plant bearing very
beautiful deep blue flowers, was.killed
to the ground. At my friend's, one
plant was growing beside an artificial
stream of water flowing through a
hydrant from an artesian well The
most of the plant was killed to the
earth, but two or three branches over
the water escaped and are growing
and blooming freely.
This great difference is undoubtdl-y
owing to the modifying influence of
direct line. while in the direction of thi
the vast body of warm water in the
ft. Johns river, which' at this point
is from two to three miles wide in a
freezing wind of Jan. 1 to 9, via; al-
most directly north, there. is
a stretch of about nine miles
of wars. Yet hew rapidly the


warming influence of the water is lost
as you move back from the shore is
shown by the diuerence between the
effects of the cold along the bank and
at our place, only a little over one-
lha a mile back.

/ Moles In the Garden.
A great many people have an Idea
that moles are very destructive in
gardens. The fact is they do very lit-
tle real or serious damage. They are
strictly carnivorous, living wholly up-
on insects and not upon vegetation in
any form. They may occasionally cut
off a root that happens to be in their
way but the only real injury they do
is when they burrow under plants,
causing them to dry out It is prob-
able that they are moreof a benefit
than ah injury, as they destroy a great
many noxious insects. Still it is not
pleasant to go out into the flower gar-
den and find some choice seedlings
dying, on account of a mole run hav-
ing raised them up and so loosened the
soil under and around them that they
have dried out. To those who are thus
annoyed, the following from Vick s
Magazine will prove Interesting:
There are frequent inquiries, 'How
to exterminate moles,' so I will give
my experlince.-Last year I caught fif-
teen in our little garden, and I thought
I had them exterminated, but this
spring I found plenty of them seeming-
ly determined to root up all my month
ly roses, gladioli, etc. I have already
caught fourteen and I think I will
have no more for some time. I use
the Reddick trap, which I find excel-
lent. When you procure a trap insist
on being shown how to set it correct-
ly, and be very careful not to get your
fingers under the prongs, or you may
he maimed for lifo. Now go ovoe the
ground, and by raking and tramping
obliterate all traces of their work. In
a few hours you will probably discover
a fresh run heaved up. Approach this
carefully so as not to disturb any por-
tion except an inch or two pressed
down where you set the trap. If this
is properly done you may be pretty
sure of him in twenty-four hours or
less; but 'if at first you don't succeed,
try, try again.'
"After each capture level the ground
as before and watch for fresh runs."


Aoalypha Sanderiana.
A few weeks ago we published a
long account of this plant. We men-
tioned the fact that while highly
praised by florists generally, yet it had
also been denounced as a fraud by
some who have tested it the past sea-
son.
It is very evident, as will be seen
from the following by the editor of
Park's Floral Magazine, that when
grown by skilled florists in green-
houses it is very showy. Whether it
will prove so desirable in ordinary
house culture can only be decided by
further experience:
"One of the most attractive exhibits
of the late flower show in Philadelphia
was a pyramidal bank of plants of
Boston Fern, surmounted by five large
plants of Acalypha Sanderiana, and
adorned with blooming plants of Or-
chids on one side and Chrysanthe-
mums on the other, with a row of
small palms about the base. The glo-
ry of the decoration, however, was the
five plants of Acalypha, which were
well grown and elicited untold admira-
tion. The plants occupied twelve-inch
pots, and were grown as a straight rod
four feet high, then topped, and a num-
ber of branches encouraged to devel-


A Nest Unique..
A correspondent of Success With
Flowers, in California, gives the fo!
lowning interesting item;
"In the gardens of the famous Cous-
ta Blanca Vineyard. a pair of hum-
ming birds made the daintiest nest
that ever was seen. They pecked the
heart out of a plump La France Rose
bud. and there in the fragrant rosy
depths they laid their wee eggs and
reared their nestlings.
"This aWas a veritable 1Iwu of rose.
outdoing in luxury those of ancient re-
nown in sunny Italy."


Catalogues Received.
lIo,val Palm Nurserie, Onevv, Fin.;
Reasoner Bros'., catalogue of native
and exotic plants. trees and shrubs.
A full list of the desirable plants for
Florida.
Jessamine Gardens, Jessamine, Fla.;
Rare Florida Fruits and Flowers, an-
other very desirable catalogue for
Florida flower lovers.
Hints on Cacti, price 10 cents, A.
Blanc & Co., Philadelphia, Pa.; a very
interesting hand book on Cacti and
well worth double the price to every
lover of the curious plant.
Siebrecht & Son, Rose E11ll Nurseries.
New Rochelle, N. Y., new, rare iandi
beautiful plants. Hundreds of curious
and rare plant described and offered
at reasonable prices.
The Reading nursery, Beading, Mass.
Jacob W. Manning, proprietor. One
of the oldest nurseries in the country.
A full list of fruit and ornamental
trees and plants.
The American Jadoo Co., Philadel-


op, forming a bushy head. From every
leaf-axil hung a long carmine rose
tail, from ten to fifteen inches in
length, making a mass of weeping
bloom, odd, gorgeous and beautiful.
The fact that these magnificent plants
were the product of a year's growth
indicated the availability of this plant
for decorative purposes. The main
stems were clothes with immense.
strong-stemmed leaves to the ground.
and the leaves of the top were rich
green and strongly ribbed, making a
line contrast to the superb drooping
chains of bloom. This display of Aca-
lypha has simply Indicated the possi-
bilities of the plant, and we may look
for still greater results with it in the
future. being as easily grown as a Ge-
ranium and blooming continuously this
superb novelty should have a place in
every plant window. It is certainly
deserving of all the praise that has
been given it."

Bone as a Fertiliser.
The following Is from Park's r oral
Magazine. A five-cent can of potash,
or concentrated lye, to be had at all
grocery stores, is all that is needed to
cut the bone:
"We read often of bone as a ferti-
lizer. but not often do we see describ-
ed a way to prepare it as such. For
ten cents you can get a can of potash
at the drug store. Put a half teacupful
of the Imotnh in a two.quart can, fll
the can with bones and cover with
water. Soon the bones will be dis-
solved and resemble soft soap. This
can be added to the plants' drinking
water at the rate of a tablespoonful to
a plant-more for larger ones-and you
will be surprised to see the rich niew
shades it will add to the foliage an:1
flowPM-: Mr a inp nand pftmtsn ran Phe
added as the can begins to get empty.
and it seems to me this is the most
cleanly way it can be handled."


plhia, Pa. Catalogue of Jadoo fiber,
claimed to be the best soil for house
illants, etc.
H. H- Hown & Co-. North Call.
bridge, Mass. Catalogue of flower
pots and fancy earthern ware.

TO CURE LA GRIPPE IN TWO
DAYS.
Take LAXATIVBY BOQMQO QUIN-
INE TABLETS. All drugglets refund
the money. if it falls to cure. E. W.
GROVE'S signature on every box. 25
cents. 2


We offer an excellent stock of Citrus trees
Su Kumquat. lMndari n s
all sises and low rates.
Send for new list just
member we are
headquarters in t h
South for Palms. Bam-
boos Ferns, Decorative
and Ornamental plants
of all sorts. Catal
free. EASON ER BROS.. Oneco.


The Practical
AND SIMPLE
BARBED WIRE
1113c4 munam
PRICE S.oo.
V. SCHMELZ,
Sylvan Lak. Fa.


Gave Her New Life.

Weak and WMa&. Worsn Ross@d
to Health and Cagthk Dr.
WUUMM' Pink PU *hea
Palm P.ple.

Mr. Minnie E. Kennedy, of No. 4 Holden
Place, Dorchester, Mas., is a lady who has
suffered greatly from debility, but who i
now in perfect health as a result of the
faithful ue of Dr. Williams' Pink Pill for
Pale People. She is enthusiastic in her
praise of the remedy and will gldly tll
others seeking information in regard to the
pills just what they have done for her.
Mrs. Kennedy, in a recent interview,
mid:
About six months ago I was completely
run down and miserable. I felt a hired md
worn out in the morning" a I would jut
after a bardday's work. Iamadremmaker,
and whea Iw
turned to my
home at night
I was so weary
Sand liflem
Retire immedi-
ately after
su pper. I lest
and sd s
I '. "A. young
lady who was
-e"J I employed in
Her Work a BD m. the same -
tablishment where I work told me about the
good Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale P.
pie had don- hler, but I had lost faith In
medicine, and it was not until she had beea
talking to me about the pills for weeks that
I decided to try them.
S It may seem like exaggeration when I
iy that I had taken them but thmr day
when I noticed an improvement. It was
slight, but still an improvement. I wa
troubled with indigestion. and after I had
eaten my luncheon the distress would ht
for two hours. On the third day I noticed
that the distress passed off much quicker
and it was not long before there was none at
all. It was but a few weeks after when my
friends began to remark upon my improved
appearance. I gained flesh, my natural
color came back and the weaned expressio
about the eyes entirely disappeared. I con-
tinued the medicine antil I tia tMke f
boxes and I can now my that I am In per-
ect health. I have no more eadehe and
no more weariness, thanks to Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills for Pale People.
Mm. Minrtei E. KrImJ T.
Sworn tobefre me this 29th day ofAugam
1889. Winsow A. WAsow,
J.mtu of to POeW.
All the elements necessary to give new
life and richness to the blood a restore
Ihattered nerves are eontainaed, in a -
denspd form, in Dr. Wlliiamir Pink Plls
for Pale People. At driugists or direct frim
Dr. Williams Medicine Company, Seheee.
tady, N. Y., 50 cents per box, or six boes
for $2.50.












88 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FOIBDA AGBIICUOLTUMRS.

Entered at the postoffice at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.

E. O. Painter. Jo b MeKinaey.
E. 0. PAINTER & CO..
Publishers and Proprietors.

Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.

Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
TERMS.
One year. single subscription...........$ 2.00
Six months, single subscription.......... 1.00
Single copy.................... ........... .05

ADVERTISING RATES.
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.

TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
Wae cannot promise to return rjted manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.

Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
sponsible in case of loss. When personal
checks are used exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the ad-
dress of their paper chained MUST give the
old as well as the new address.

We now have an office in Jacksonville,
Room 4, Robasion Bloak, Viaduct. where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to see any of our sub-
scribers. Any time we can be of service, in
Jacksonville, drop us a line to above address.

WEDNESDAY, FEB. 7, 1900.


Belative Importance of Agriculture.
There is a period in the early settle-
ment of any country when agriculture
is the leading and almost the entire
business industry of the country. As
a country becomes developed, its var-
ious natural resources for manufactur-
ing or mining utilized, and the trans-
portation facilities necessary for these
marvelous industries put in operation,
the agricultural industry occupies a
prominent place and in time becomes
subordinate to other enterprises. This
is the tendency In our country and
each decade finds agriculture occupy-
ing lees prominence in the wealth rep-
resented in lands, stock and buildings,
L. well as in occupation furnished the
people. This is the inevitable result of
all countries having so varied natural
resources as the United States.
As evidence of this we refer to the
relative values of farm and other prop-
erty in 1850 and In 1890 in the United
States. In round numbers the farm
property has Increased in value from
three million dollars in 1850 to fifteen
million dollars in 1890, while all the
property in the country had increased
from seven million dollars in 1850 to
sixty-five million dollars in 1890. In
1850 the farmers' property represented
fifty-five per cent. of the wealth of the
country and in 1890 twenty-tour per
cent. Is this a fair showing for the
agricultural industry and has it been
superseded by the other industries of
the country at a too rapid rate, and if
so why? Does agriculture occupy the
prominence in wealth and influence
Wf the country today that its import-
ance justifies? In 181W sixty-five per
cent. of the exports from this country
were products of the farms, seventy


per cent of all the wealth produced
came from the farms and the industry
furnished occupation for thirty million
people, nearly one-half of the country.
Are the farmers getting their just
share of the profits from all this busi-
ness and having proper inuence in leg-
islative matters? We say, no, but
when we undertake to point out how
conditions nay be improved we are
confronted with many obstacles and
meet many difficulties.
We are not in sympathy with those
who are always referring to the down-
trodden farmer and we are of the opin-
ion that farmers, as a class, need as
little sympathy as any people. We
have never yet Known a healthy, intel-
ligent person to engage in farming
with a determination to make some-
thing out of it, but succeeded, and
there isn't a town in New England
but that can furnish verification of
this statement. The same industry
and intelligent labor that brings suc-
cess to any other business will bring
success to the farmer. The financial
success that has come to those engag-
ed in manufacturing, mining or com-
merce is largely due to the great ex-
ecutive ability and business sagacity
of those in charge of those enterprises.
In a manufacturing business furnish-
ing employment to a thousand people,
or to ten thousand people, there are
but two or three, and perhaps but one
man, who gives the general direction
to the entire business. In transporta-
tion matters, in mercantile affairs, in
mining, and, in fact, in every business
except farming there is co-operation
of the best type and every possible ad-
vantage to the business, and conse-
quently to all employed in It.
This principal cannot be applied to
farming and ten thousand people find-
ing occupation upon farms will contin-
ue to work upon three thousand farms,
and perhaps in three thousand differ-
ent ways. Instead of being obliged to
do certain things in certain ways an,]
at certain times, as in the factory, or
the large store, each does things in his
own way and at his own time and
gauges his expenses by the amount his
industry and skill is able to produce.
This course has the merit of indepen-
dence, for each farmer is a law unto
himself, when he shall work and when
he shall visit, when and where he shall
buy his raw material, and when and
where he shall sell his product. He
is absolutely master of the situation,
but is often master of a smaller in-
come than he would have under more
rigid rules for work and more econo-
my of time and labor.
In matters of legislatino the farmers
are at great disadvantage on account
of each acting for himself, without
much concentration of action, and it is
remarkable that farmers have fared
as well as they have in legislative mat-
ters under these conditions. We think;
their interests have generally been tak-
en care of better than a vast number
of farmers take care of their own in-
terests. There iB a very general desire
among people of all classes to know
what farmers need in matters of legis-
lation and to help secure it, but the
farmers must make the necessary ef-
forts to have tneir needs in this direc-
tion known. In matters of manufac-
ture, mining, transportation or com-
merce, very few men represent a great
number of people, for what aids an in-
dustry aids all employed in it, and the
farmers should see that their industry
is represented in all the law making
bodies of the land. We believe the de-
cline of agriculture in the relative val-
duced from it. The blackberry, which


Iue of the country is due to the lack
of keen business ability and skill in its
management, which prevails in the
various kinds of business named, and
to a lack of co-operation on the part
of farmers to the extent this agency
might be made available.-Mirror and
Farmer.

What the Farmer Has Done.
Since the year 1800 there have been
many wonderful changes in the varie-
ties of fruits and vegetables. The to-
mato, cauliflower, celery, salsify and
other well known vegetables were not
in existence as articles of food. The
cabbage was a soft headed plant, the
carrot was but a small root, and the
beet and turnip were almost insignifi-
cant. The list of fruits and vegetables
has been so extended as to give almost
an unlimited variety. The fox grape
was king of the United States in 1800,
and the Concoru, Catawba, Delaware,
Niagara and other varieties were pro-
grew along tl -oadsides and ditches,
has been brought into the gardens and
fields, while the wild strawberry has
been converted from an insignificant
berry into varieties which bear but lit-
tle resemblance to the original.
Apples, peaches, pears, quinces,
plums, cherries, gooseberries, currants
and raspberries have also been greatly
improved and modified, so much so
that if one living a hundred years aeo
could be brought back to life he would,
be unable to recognize some of the
fruits presented for inspection. There
has been no "chance" in the improve-
ments made. Not a single breed of
animals or variety of fruits or veget-
ables has been brought forward that
was not the result of skill and Indu-
try, and only a comparison with thoqe
existing in the past (wnich is impos-
sible) will demonstrate what the farm-
er has done. Others may have invent-
'ed labor saving implements for his use,
and he has been forced to dispense
with the spinning wheel, the loom and
other appliances not known on the
farm, but in his lines the farmer has
walked side by side with the inventors.
and with each new discovery on tuei-
part he can point to a corresponding
improvement on the farm as the result
of his skill.-(Toronto) Globt.


The Squash Vine Borer.
The squash vine borer, Is an insect
that occurs almost every year, infest-
ing the stems of squash vines. The
larvae only are injurious by the chan-
nels and cavities which they cut in the
interior. This year the moths made
their appearance at the Station about
the middle of May, and began egg-lay-
ing a week later
As many as 212 eggs have
been deposited by one female, accord-
ing to Dr. Smith, and these hatch from
12 to 15 days. Mr. Chittenden finds
that eggs hatch tn six days. Eggs are
laid along the vines more frequently
on the stem near the root, and the re-
sulting larvae bore to the interior and
begin feeding within. When full
grown, larvare desert the stem and
go into the soil to a depth of about two
inches and a half, and after the forma-
tion of a strong, tough cocoon of silk
and grains of sand, enter the pupa
state. Before developing into the
adult condition, however, a pupa cuts
its way out of the cocoon by means of
a like protusion on the head, and by
the aid of abdominal spines, works its
way to the surface of the soil. Plants
infested show a sickly, unthrifty ap-
pearance and fail to make full growth.
Careful examination of such plants on


the stems near the roots will frequt
ly reveal very fine holes, which these
larvae have made in in boring to the
interior when quite small. If such a
stem be cut open, large, white, grub-
like larvae, may be found sometimes
to the number of six or eight. They
are variously distributed, and 9may
have eaten through the base of the
leaf stalk and entered the petiole.
Plants thus infested soon begin to de-
cline and a light pull will sever them
from the roots. In the South there are
normally two broods each year. The
winter is passed doubtless in both the
pupal and laval condition, in the soil
The larve finish their development
in the spring, and transform to pupae,
and adults; these coming out later
than those hibernating as pupae, it
results that there is somewhat of an
overlapping of broods.
From the habits of thee- larvae of
living within the vines, ordinary insec-
ticides are of but little value against
them, and other methods must be
adopted to prevent damage. Among
the most important of such methods is
rotation of crops, never planting
squash on the same ground in succes-
sive years. The plants should also be
kept in very vigorous condition so that
they may overcome as much as possi-
ble the extra drain, by these insects.
Planting early squash so that they
will mature before the insects have
time to greatly weaken them is advis.
ed, and these should be collected and
burned before the larvae leaves the
vines to pupate in the soil It is quite
practical to cut the borers out when
observed in time, before the plants be-
come too badly weakened to recover.-
A, L, Qualatane.

Sensible Poultry.
A great many people who have
chickens are as careless in the matter
of supplying them with green food in
the winter as they are of keeping their
own tables supplied with succulent
vegetables. But it is nevertheless just
as important in one case as in the oth-
er. Referring to this subject a farm-
er's wife in Nebraska, says in Tri-
State Farmer, on the subject:
The poulterer on the farm possesses
every advantage over the man eon-
fined to one or two lots in the city.
While in our experience free range of
the farm is not the best way to raise
fine poultry, yet we do not duly ap-
preciate the foods we may raise and
feed fresh from the garden to our poul-
try. In our experience the fowls at
large do not confine themselves to
picking up the waste but rather choose
to take their rations from horse man-
gers and pig trough. They fatten on
the corn and perhaps the men com-
plain with justice that "the hens eat
their heads off."
We find it better to have yards of
medium size, and we have about made
up our minds that hens at large are
not much improvement on hogs at
large, and what women can put up
with hogs in the back yard? But if
hens are yarded they must be fed, and
there is room on the farm for a garden
for the chickens. What shall we plant?
We must have lettuce, of course. One'
can cut a surprising amount of feed
from a few square feet of lettuce, then
there is the giant southern mustard. A
few rows of that and you have a green
food greatly relished, and in quantity
for a numerous flock. Winter onions
are egg producers. Perhaps we can
find a corner for hemp and sunflowers.
Then we must have some vegetables
for winter. Cabbage and artichokes


-











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


come first.. Watch the biddies eat raw
artichokes if you do not believe they
like them, and see the chickens devour
them. Then we may raise some carrots
to cook and mix with bran for
biddy's winter breakfast to make her
lay. We can cok them and mix with
corn meal to fatten the poultry for
market quickly. Probably no vegeta-
ble we .raise gives less trouble or is
more certain to yield well than sugar
beets. Then the beets keep well, which
is more than we can say for carrots in
this locality. We put the beets through
the bone cutter and feed raw.
The hens greatly relish the raw veg-
etables and the ducks must have them
If you wish eggs in January. The mus-
tard will stay green long after frosts,
and when'lt ti gone begin on the beets.
The mustard will not appear the sec-
ond year nor in any way resemble the
old fashioned sort. A great many
places where the vegetables have been
taken off may be sown to the mustard
for fall feeding.

GREGORY'S NEW VEGETABljL.-

Many Startling Improvements Pictured
in a Notable Book.
Messrs. James J. H. Gregory & Son,
Marblehead, Mass, who have forty
years occupied a leading position
among the seed growers of the Unit-
ed Bates, have issued their 1900 cata-
logue. It is a book that must prove of
great utility to the vegetable, flower
and small fruit grower, whether his
crops are for home consumption or for
the market. There are many new va-
rieties shown, and some startling im-
provements among the vegetables best
known are vividly pictured in numer-
ous finely executed photographic re-
productions. The florist will also find
* much to interest and instruct in the
handsomely illustrated pages given up
to seeds and plants. Messrs. Gregory
& Son are liberal to their patrons in
prices and discounts, and fully war-
rant all their seeds as well as guaran-
teeing their safe arrival, prepaying
charges on all package sales ordered
for mailing. The American Express
office will receive orders for Gregory
seeds wherever that company has an
office, and will give a special rate,
lower than their commercial billings.

DO YOU NEED IN ELECTRIC
BELT?
For the past ten years, Dr. J. New-
ton Hathaway, who is recognized as
the greatest of all our specialists, has
S been perfecting an electric belt, suit-
able to use in his practice, one which
he could furnish as a part of his sys-
tem of treatment, and which he could
eIf~gfstla Sly guarantee. He now
announces that he has perfected such
a belt, which he believes to be the only
perfect belt made... It is light, hand-
some, and of great power, and with
new attachments which make it suit-
able for:every case. He is prepared to
furnish .this bet to all patients who
need I(t ana wo apply to him for treat-
meat, at mrelry a ,nominal charge.
Write to. DC. Hathaway to-day, telling
all about your case and he will write
you all about the belt, and if you de-
sire the belt will send it C. .0 D. for
inspection. Address Dr. Hathaway &
Co., 25 Bryan St., Savannah, Ga.

REWARD OF $100.
The r nder 9f thi_ pape will be pleas-
ed to lfrv that tiere Is at least one
dreaded dihedseatthat seleiee has not
been able to cure in alln t~t ge9 and


that Is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure
is the only positive cure now known
to the medical fraternity. Catarrh
being a constitutional disease, requires
a constitutional treatment. Hall's Cn-
tarrrh Cure is taken internally, acting
directly upon the blood and mucous
surfaces of the system, thereby de-
stroying the foundation of the disease,
and giving the patient strength by
building up the constitution and assist-
ing nature in doing its work. The pro-
prietors have so much faith in its cur-
ative powers, that they offer One
Hundred Dollars for any case that
it fails to cure. Send for list of testi-
monials.
Address, F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo,
Ohio.
Sold by all druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.


"THE IECKEY NEST BOX."
Is justthe thing. It shosto a certainty
which hen lays and the egg she lays. Also
pedigrees poultry. N, thing else like it
i;reat money maer. Poultry raisers must
use it to be successful. Don't wste tineand
money feeding dr nes. usethis value b'e in
ven ion; cull them out and keep 'our layers
Age ts wa ted everywhere Big pi olts O70
per cent.) Quickest seller out. S nd c stamp
at once for illustrated descriptive booklet
yivtng fu.l information, and secure t'r -
tory. Address. J. P. HECK, Lock Box 65.
I'iitsfle d. 111.

CHEAP COLUMN
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
one week, 25 cents: three weeks 60 cents.
7 \NCY POULTRY YARD--BEtablished 1875.
Twelve choice varieties. Stock and eggs
for sa'i Mammoth Pekin Ducks now lay-
ing ALBEBT RIES. St. Nicholas. Fla.
88

WAN1BD-To exchange Nursery Stock for
Casarn seed to plant from 10 to 20 acres
Address THE GRIPPING BROS. CO.. Po-
mona Nurseries, Jacksonville, Fla. 6-8


SFREBBIGHT PREPAID ON TREES.
' Strictly high-class a ock. Warranted true to name. Free from I
4+ all injurious Insects and fungus diseases. Extreme oare tn
4 packing.
* 300 VA 1 TIS. Oranges, Pomelos. Kumquarts, Peaches, Pears
* Plums. Kaki Nuts. Grapes, Figs. Mulberries, Ac. Also RosMs
+ and Ornamentals.
* 17 YEAM established. Correspondence Solicited. Catalogue Free.
( Estimates turnisbed. No Agents.
1G L.T ber, Prop. GLEN ST. MARY NUISERIEB ,
G(ilen St Mary, Florlda
+* ** 4 *~ 4 -*+++ ++++++ + 4 ***~+*** ++4+*+

FOR PROFIT AND PLEASURE


BUY ONLY


GRIFFIN'S

Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultry.
HIGHEST QUALITY. LOWEST PRICES.
Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,

Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
A SPECIALTY.
All the Standard Varieties of Orange, Lemon and Grape Fruits in
stock. Also a complete assortment of the best varieties of Peaches, Plums,
Japan Persimmons, Pears, Apples, Mulberries, Figs, Pecans, Grapes, Or.
namental trees, Roses, etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
The most extensive propagting establishment in the Lower South.
Largest and most complete catalogue published in the South, listing a
complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon applies.
tion. Address,

THE GRIFFING BROS. CO., n"S.
City Office and Grounds. 1149 Main St.


Farmers' Attention !

SPECIAL
SPRING


500 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make OO
your choice. White and Brown leghorns. GOODS
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff
of bothvarieties. Wire netting, ani-m o Avery arden Plows, Acme arrows
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal git. Cata-
logue and price list free.
Stf. E. W. Amaden. Ormond. Fla. I GEORGIA STOCKS.


VILLA L A"E JUBSEEBIE.
Fruitland Park, Lake Co., Fia.
Offers for July planting X varieties of 2 and
3 year citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address. C. W. FOX, Prop.
24tf
WANTED-A quantity of Wild Lemon Seed
' r Y g ani.yF :task. Is s WIatts am
price to A. L. Ingerson, Lemon City, Fla.
40-tf
WANTED:-to exchange a Flour Mill
near Toledo, Ohio, for real estate prop-
erty in Florida. Capacity of mill about
0S bbls. pPr day. PartIls Savin prop-
erty to offer will please address their
letters to "Flour M1U" Cae Agricultur-
ist, DeLand, la. 45 tf.
THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
138 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
47tf.
FOR SALE-Grapefruit, Tangerine and Or-
ange trees. o2 selected varieties, extra
large two-years' and first-class one-year's
buds at the Winter Haven Nurseries.
13l1
HIGH CLASS trees of all best adapted sorts.
Catalogue free. G. L. Taber, Glen St. Mary
Nurseries, Glen St. Mary, Fla. 48tf
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand
r.fdflImt Tsss ,I Me aRS rtaT
Orlando, Fla.. 4tf
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or money
funded. W. H. Mann. Manville, Fl.
l"112-19011

BRONZE TURKEYS, Pekin Ducks. Black
Langshans. Indian Games. Rarred, Buff
and White Plymouth Rocks. Eggs in sea-
son. Mrs. W. H. MANN, Mannvlle. Fit.
4.16
EGGS FOR HATCHING--~lver Laced Wy-
andottes. rown l.erhorrs. 5 for $'.00. 30
for $1.7:. '0for ?.f.l0. W. p. WOOI)WORTI.
I 'ls.t.n City. Fia 4tf
SE\ SHELI.S--Reautiful Shells from the
Gulf coast. A sample lot of 12. all different.
for 25c. postpaid. W. P. WOODWORTH.
Disston City. Fla. 4tf
OUR VELVET BEAN HULLER is in
OPERATION.
Arrangements are perfected for longg
your work promptly; our capacity be-
ing twenty bushels an bour. Get your
lyrnno in nrlryl and 7 ,'wi wlltl thim
for you free of onarge. Oiurr niatg! or
hulling is but 15c. a bushel for the beans
after they are hulled, 60 pounds to the
bushee-E. 0.-PAINTER & -CO., DE-
LAND, FLA. Stf.


SPRAYING OUTFITS.
and everything in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies

Poultry Netting Columbia Bicycles
CHARTER OAK STOVES,
GARBABA PAINT, IRON PIPE. BOILERS AND PUMPS
WHITE FOR PRICES.
OEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.


Artistio -


MONUMENTS
ExEBCUTED In........
rPg LATB8T DESIGNS OF

mLarble

ad r rarlite.


~~~rot*pn - -
For cemetery and &mn enciusur

All work guaranteed. Prices-reasoua .e.
ujorrespond with :: :- ;;
CwEO. R. NICHOLS 6& 00.
Wo Harrison Stre t.


r4AwP -


S FLORIDA


Fruits and Flowers

FOR SOUTHERN

PLANTING
The Summit Nurseries make a specialty of
-ATSUMA AND OTHER ORA.uGE- U0
TKRIOLIATA STOCKS.
"ratted Pecans, Field-Grown Roes aud a Ino
Ite at inser rNfui Tressr brihMby, Et!
Pr*. lLow: Freight Pd.
D. L. PIERSON, Prop.
IT WmrtieUo,. ri


- A QUICK CURE
FOR COUGHS
and COLDS


Pyny-Pectoral
The Canadian Remedy for all

SThreat and Ling AffMusi
2 Large Bottles, 25 cents.
DAVIS & LAWRENCE CO., Limited,
Prop's Perry Davi'Pain-Killer.
New York. Montrea m
set ___ -. ..

5 V.MONEY
CTv IDE a & fsms
C#3 CmL.r goohd to ustst 16"
b agS st bed ai"e a s8

mhm5. Y6es ea=
Yus


an-d lhs- S



amezs reas



drhuamm wbr a sSem5
ameheroghaou with s .as*,

*M e eemii


5


T E FLRD AGRICULTURIST. *s


* + ++










90 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


HOUSEHOLD DEPARTMENT.

A&dres all csmniecations toHoushold
bq umt ~~Agrcuhni-e. Land. FI&
A DITUL OORNEI.


Have a ink.
In every farmer's kitchen there
should be a sink, -into which if possible
both hard and soft water should be
brought by pumps. It is not always
convenient to have the well water
brought thus, but if there is cistern
water, there is no reason why it
should not be.
But though the water has to be
brought into the house in pails it may
S be carried away by a drain connected
with the sink. Waste water thrown
on the ground makes an offensive spot
not indicative of good housekeeping.
Such a spot breeds flies and also fever.
There is also danger in an offensive
filthy drain.
An oft repeated scalding out will
keep this clean and healthy. Very
hot, boiling water made very strong
with pearline will kill and wash away
the "germs" always collecting in the
drain.
At one end of the sink a long broad
shelf is a great convenience and a good
place to put dishes when they are
wiped, and under the shelf could be
drawers for kitchen utensils. Another
wide shelf with .a curtain in front is
a good substitute for the drawers and
is also more easily made. M. M.


Lemon City, Fla., 1, 24, 1900.
Editor Household Department:
I would like very much for you to
furnish us with a recipe for preserv-
ing kumquats. We have some fruit
this year and are desirous of preserv-
ing a few jars, but have had no ex-
perience with putting up this fruit.
Mrs. B.
We should like any of our sub-
scribers who have preserved this deli-
cious fruit to give Mrs. B. the informa-
tion desired.


How to Cure Hams, Shoulders. Etc.
The methods here given for curing
meats have been used successfully by
a blue-grass farmer for many years,
and I can testify to the good quali-
ties, the hams being the very best I
ever tasted. Such hams find ready
sale and this farmer could sell twice
as many as he has for sale. His way
is as follows:
When the meat is taken up to be
dried I wash it in clean hot water,
and while damp sprinkle powdered
borax all over the flesh side of every
piece, and you need not fear having
skippers, or insects of any kind in fact.
I have found the use of powdered bo-
rax on meat the best way to keep skip-
pers and other Insects from it, al-
though my hams and shoulders hang
in the smoke house until cured with-
out even a sack on them. If the sum-
mer is real dry. I rewash and put on
more borax th July and August. The
tasteof the meat is not injured. It
preserves the meat. I have used it for
years. Each ham may stay tied up
in canvas or paper bag, or they may
be left hanging in a cool dry place un-
til ready for use, and they will be
found in excellent condition, sweet
and juicy. Shoulders may be cured
Sin the same way.This is a successful
way to cure meat. S. H.

Evening Hats.
It is poor economy to have but one
hat. Yet, many women cannot afford
the expense of having three, the ideal


number, the hat for best wear, the hat
for stormy days and the marketing
and the "love of a bonnet for the oc-
casional evening affair, cannot afford
it in the usual sense of the term, but
the ingenious woman will find a way
out of the difficulty for all that, and
many are the pretty creations I have
seen that were almost without money
and without price, materials from ties,
or that old hat or bonnet, renewed,
steamed over, or picked into shapeli-
ness (owers, aigrettes and feathers),
and the soft materials like chiffon,
Liberty silk and net nicely cleansed-
the result a cute little toque or tuban
that only an experienced milliner
would detect its composite origin. A
frame costs but a trifle, but sometimes
the old ones may e changed entirely
by a little judicious pinching here, or
tipping there until it Is in the height
of fashion.
After the frame is arranged for,
clean the ribbons, lace or gauzelike
stuffs.. Gasoline is always good for
the first or second cleansing, but leaves
a clouded effect after use, for which
reason it is best to use a good suds, a
scant teaspoonful of pearline to a
quart of warm water is the right
strength, then rinse well, Ironing the
lace and gauze while slightly damp,
and the ribbon wet, sawing it back
and forth under a very hot iron, this
being a sure preventative of glossing
Velvet is easily steamed and brushed
over the boiling teakettle, then onp
is ready for work. First, getting some
fine wire, when loops are to be wired
at the edge, and ordinary taste where
the wire is to be concealed under the


loops.
No directions can be given for trim-
ming as the style must be governed by
the face and form of the wearer, but
the small toques are generally becom-
ing, also the turban effects, and a deft
hand can easily make them to be be-
coming.
One sees strange combinations in ev-
ening hits, demonstrating the fact
that no matter what one uses, they
need never be out of fashion.
Fur is seen to a great extent and of-
ten in combination with tulle mous-
seline de sole and other thin fabrics,
with a fancy buckle for character, and
an ostrich feather, an aigrette or a
manufactured aigrette (made from
tulle or ribbon loops), for height.
One very pretty evening toque made
of adds and ends is worthy a descrip-
tion, the crown draped with cerise vel-
vet, the brim simulated by a hand of
krimmer fur, while a nest of black
ostrich tips and barred tulle gives
height at the left side and a large jet
buckle is advantageously disposed
among the bright velvet.
A model hat exhibited at a leading
importers and marked at a fabulous
price was easy of Imitation, if one has
among their odds and ends a piece of
sable, the crown of cream mirror vel-
vet. the band-brim of sable with three
tiny tails falling at the back, a single
short ostrich plume for height, and a
twist of the velvet caught with rhine-
stone buckle underneath. A. B. W.


Children s Winter Dresser
Many mothers prefer calico, ging-
ham, percale or other wash goods to
make dresses for the little girls even
in the winter, supplying the needed
warmth with plenty of woolen under-
clothing. The outer garments need to
be washed so frequently that it seems
better to make them of materials that
are easily laundered. When they wear
woolen dresses, dark aprons -with


sleeves keep the little girls looking OT
neat and clean while at home.
The plain sack apron is a common
style. Those made with loosely fitting
waists and full skirts deeply hemmed, fruits.
are often seen, and if they are not
worn out during the winter, they may
be sewed up In the back of the skirt, can b
and will do for dresses in the spring.
There is no kind of goods that looks POtash.
worse when it is faded than calico or
gingham. Percale has taken the place Fertilize
of calico to a great-extent, because It
wears better, but any of these goods 8 to IO%
require careful washing it they retain
their beauty any length of time. When best result
they are ready to be washed have
plenty of clean soft water, which for our p1
should be warm, not hot, since hot wa-
ter injures the colors. Dissolve a little to be in ei
boray in it and use enough soap to
make a good suda. Put the .dresses They are
and aprons In, wash until clean and
rinse in clear water. Two waters are GERK
necessary for washing, but nothing is ss
gained by allowing them to get very
dirty, since the hard rubbing necessary
to.get them clean is injurious to the
fabric and colors. The addition of bo- rm
rax to the water that is used for wash- h .
ing colored clothes makes it easy to get 'a and
them clean, and does not fade it.
Prepare a painful of starch that Is
tinged with blue. If a tablespoonful
of gum arable solution is added, it f
will make the clothes retain their stiff- r i
ness longer. Put each piece into the
starch one by one, rubbing it into all 15r
parts alike, open them out, shake well,
and hang where they will not freeze;
the attic is a good place in winter.
Colored clothes should never be allow-
ed to lie in the water, but should be
handled as rapidly as possible until
the process is completed HC. J. C.

Cae of the Bands.
"I have never," said a pretty matron,
whose hands have long been the ad-
miration and envy of her friends, gro pa
"been to a manicure in my life. For I ree and
my own use my stock and trade con- asl ever
sists of two buffers-an unnecessary ulekto
extravagance. I allaw myself-a cellu- I m Beed.
loid nnilhleaner. carefnllyv hselctedi Ra *L


regards its cleansing capabilities, one
pair of bowed scissors for cutting the
nails, a boy of emery boards, a box of
rosaline and a box of nail enamel.
That is sufficent for the beat results,
and is certainly simple.
"Never dry your hands after washing
them in hot water without first cool-
ing them off under the cold water
faucet. There is a theory that this
whitens them; it certainly hardens
them to exposure. If addicted to chap-
ped hands, bathe them at night in
lukewarm water, then rub in a mix-
ture of rose water and glycerin. Avoid
the ordinary concoctions for beautify-
ing the hands. Do not oil your hands
and then put on gloves for the night;
this only increases the tendency to
chap.
"Never use a steel file on the nallR.
It thickens them and makes them
coarse. Soak the tips of your fingers
in hot water till the nail is pliable-
this prevents breaking. With the
bowed scissors cut carefully to the
shape of an almond-do not point
them; then, with the fine side of the
emery board, file off any rough edges.
With a celluloid or ivory nail cleaner
remove any discoloration, and then
spread thoroughly over each nail and
well down into the quick a thin lit-rr
of the rosaline. Dip the nail in Iie
powder and polish. Never cut th cu-
ticle, but carefully loosen it from the
quick with the nafleleaner. This


ASH gives cr,

mnHw 2nd Afromss tn


anr a rsu f owmst*o

No good frutt

raised without



ers containing at least

of Potash will give

s on all ruits. Wie

nphlets, which ought

very farmer's library.

sent free.


WAN KALI WORKS.
am St.., Nw TY.


should be done every morning after
the bath. With warm water and a
brush remove the red paste entirely
and then give a fnal polish.
"It there are hangnails, it is better
to tear them off, not roughly, and
though the finger may be aore for a
day or two, it is preferable to cuttle.n
which only Inerease the growth."-
Ner York Heral.


I











THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


POULTRY DEPABRTN NT.

Ado ar ma eoamaistions to Poultry De-
DUatmeat. Box o. DeLan PLa.

The Care of Young Turkeys.
In the first place to raise young tur-
keys successfully, one must have good
stock, in no way related to each other.
I prefer two-year-old gobblers, and
one-year-old hens, or if I have hens
that have proved themselves extra
good mothers, I keep them until tlhv
are three or even four years old. I
have been told that young hens or pul-
lets will not raise large turkeys, that
the hen must be full-sized, but my ex-
perience has been quite the reverse.
Sometimes we have had late tur-
keys that were not large enough to sell
with the rest, and these in the spring
would go to laying, and often do bet-
ter than the older ones. One thing
they are more gentle and easy to man-
age when sitting. As for the trouble
of which people complain of having
the hens steal their nests, that must be
In the way they are raised.
Early in the spring I place barrels,
boxes, and the like around in different
places, even fix nests in the wood
house, and put boxes on the floor in the
henhouse, placing a chicken egg in
each one. Soon the turkeys will be
spying around the barrels. They will
chose some box or barrel for their nest,
and lay their egg, which they will cov-
er with hay or leaves.
One day I happened to go in the
wood house where a turkey hen was
on the nest, and the minute she saw me
she began pulling hay over her nest.
and throwing it over her back, I got
out of her sight as soon as possible.
It is not always safe to put the setting
of eggs under them the first time they
refuse to leave the nest, for they al-
* ways lay another egg after they begin
to "set," and then sometimes they go
off and stay several hours and the eggs
would become chilled.
When the little ones hatch I remove
them after a few hours to a nice large
box coop, and keep them shut up for
three days, feeding them soaked bread
ind curd, and give them plenty of wa-
ter to drink. It is no use to talk of
cooping up little turkeys and keeping
them alive. They want grass and
weeds, and the instant a little young
turkey is turned out they will go to
snipping off green stuff, and in a lit-
tle while their little crops look like
they would overbalance them. We lei
them out for a few hours the first day
or two, and afterwards all day, and
keep them cooped at night (where we
can find them), until they are three or
four weeks old. They are dreadful
things to keep going, when on a bug
hunt, and finally settle down where-
ever night overtakes them. We al-
ways try to feed ours well at aignt.
to Induce them to come home, and they
learn that after awhile.
The ideal food for young turkeys is
eOrd from sour milk mixed quite stiff
.the corn meal. do not care
*N^^ttr 1a^r1 1mnpalh as
a rof folrT chickens 4 drkeys either,
I have raised one hundred and forty
chickens and eighty-six turkeys this
year, and never fed the chieken.4 any-
thing but meal, and the turkeys mix-
ed food, and never saw chickens or tur-
keys do better. I never had a sick
chicken or turkey all summer, and the
chickens were as fat as old hens, while
the turkeys at selling time weighed
twenty-six pounds (that is gobblers,
hens weigh from fourteen to sixteen).
Turkeys are more liable to accident


91


than anything else in the world. They
are always hanging themselves by the
foot in flying from a roost or in flying Ii tr mft -au te Pin asad ~ V n
over a fence, they manage somehow to b2,4~0.l.ts. i fameoss a"
find something to get fast on, and a
broken leg or swollen foot is the con-
sequence. We often have to set a bro- ORNAMENTAL -L0-rt LAWN FENCI
ken leg, but aside from a few weeks' -
lameness, the turkey does as well as
any of them. We always have our
turkeys so tame they will eat out of
our hands, and when we go to feed
them we can hardly walk for them.
It is all fun until the selling time, and 50 DESIGNS.CHEAPER THAN WOOD FENI
then I feed like a second Judas.-Ex. SPECIAL PRICE TO CHURCHES ADCEMETERI
CATALOG FREE.VsUP-TO-DATE M'F'G. CO.
Building Poultry Fences. 921 N.IOTH ST, TERRE HAUTE, IND, U. S
Any one who has handled wire net-
ting for fences knows how hard it is
to get evenly stretched and prevent it *.
from getting crimped and bent in un-
desirable shapes. We found that it e
was a difficult matter to stretch the Seed Seed
netting satisfactorily and have the
meshes retain their shape. We used .
meshes retain their shape. We used Please note that I have transferred my seed business from Gaine
one-inch mesh, with netting one foot
wide at the bottom of the fence. At to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special inducements to
the top and bottom of this we used a 4 chasers of SEED OATS, SEED POTATOES, VELVET BEANS.
No. 10 wire to support and strengthen .
the netting. Above this we used four I have 800 pounds . . . . . . . .
foot netting, two-inch mesh, fastened *
to the same wire on the lower side wth rl
with one-inch mesh netting, and fas- o e
tened at the top to a No. 10 wire. The +
end and corner posts were securely 6 for delivery by January 1st. Address all orders and enquiries
braced, and the strengthening wires
tightened with rachets. At our stores PF WILO
we could not find small wire to fasten p.F. WILSON,
the netting to the stay wires, so wt e JACKSONVIBI,
bought pig rings, 300 for 25 cents, set
them with a ringer, and closed tighter '. 4*$$* ** ****
with the wire nippers. Netting four
feet wide and over should have three
stay wires. The hardest part to ac- MALLORY STEAMSHIP LI]
complish neatly, says a writer in Conm- --
mercial Gazette, is to get the netting Florid = zer
properly stretched. It is out of the maaei r cers
question to draw tight even a short- New\ YorkC To msith steam
or long--line of it, by placing ihe Phila- Jacksonville T
fingers through the meshes. The way del4:25hi m.. oria r
we do this is to fasten the netting to routedelphia & per
the post by placing the netting on the BOStorl Passengers on a
face of the post and nailing a lathe or From Brunswick direct to Brunswick golng
other strip of wood over it. This will New York. aboard teamer.
hold all parts of the netting secure and P BOPosBD AILINGS for Jan. 1900.
make it stretch evenly. We then un- NORTH BOUND-BRUNSWICK, GA.. DIRECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING I
roll the needed amount of netting for FRIDAY A- FOLLOWS:
the line. When we have the required S. S. COLORADO ................. ............... .Friday, Janu
length we place two slats, one under- S. S. RIO GRANDE ............................ ..Friday, Janus
heath and the other above the wire. S. S. COLORAi-,, .............................. ...Friday, Jann
These we nail securely together, then RIO GRANDE..... .......................... ....... Friday, j
cut the netting between the slats and SOUTHBOUND-NEW YORK TO BRUNSWTCK. STEAMERS LEAVE PI
IE. R., EVERY FRIDAY. 8:00 P. M.
roll. The slats give us something to For general information, steamers, trains, rates, etc., apply to any railroad lage
hold or fasten the stretcher to when PASIL GILL. 220 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
H. H. Raymond. General Southern Agent. Brinssiek. Ga..
placed in line against the posts. Any of C H. MaTllrv & Co.. general Agents. Pier 2 F R. and Mi2 Bnroaday, N. Y
the devices used to stretch wire can be
used to tighten the netting by attach- YOU IT N OR OR
ing to slats and some solid object back UU R UU H
from where the netting is to be fasten- Have you anything to do w th either Pruits or Vegetables?
ed. The slats can be nailed to the Then keep in touch with your work by subscribing for the
building or post used for the end of Frd V
the line, or another slat used placed mf ertcan Frai anld Ve table Jour
over the netting, and nailed through .Published at 713 Masonic Temple, Chicago. Ill.
the slat and netting. Then with the
netting attached to the stay wires we Ah departments of the Fruit and Vegetable business discussed by practical, exp
ptrtles.
have a neat and durable poultry yard R E We will Fend this excellent paper absolutely free for oa
fence that will stand till the posts rot 11a new snuhcribers to this paper, and to all old subscriber
their subscription ooue year In advance. Both papers W t1
off or the wire rusts out.-Prairie of one. end your subscription to this office hile thi
open. Both papers SWOO.
Farmer. FLORIDA AGRICULTUJRII

'eeding Fixed Rations.
The matter of feeding depends upon yer the latter, if with the laying hens. a quart "day in and day out,"


so many conditions that a suggestion may get more than any other hen in
for one flock may not apply to anoth-
ht e flock 111 hens or npullers with red ]


er. and one hen may eat twice as
much as another. Advice given for a
flock may apply to that flock only.
If there are a dozen hens in a yard,
and the owner only gets six eggs a
day, it is plain that six of them are not
laying. Now, a hen that produces an
egg requires more than a non-layer and


.omnlbs should, therefore, be to them-
selves. and should be fed more than
the non-layers. It is estimated that
one quart of grain or its equivalent is
a ration for twelve hens for one day.
Yet although that quantity is the es-
timate, no one would like to feed just


CE.
ice.
IES.

;.A.

h66446


4b



ville i
pur-
etc.

.-P

4w
4.
41-

to



FLA.




NE.

'rIm.
ers le
hrndays
nberland

rrfval at
: directly



VMET
ary, 5
ury 12
ary 19
ran. 3
-9







ja.








al,l










IET

as the
as the


saying is. It is too mu4c like feeding
by rote. No man livi is capable of
advising another how fo eed. Thefe
are too many contingencies in the way.
He can only feed his own flock prop-
erty, as no two flocks will eat the same
amount of food, nor will any one
flock eat the same amount every day.
-Farm and Fireside.











92 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


AN OLD MAID'S VALEN-

TINE.

By Elisa Armstrong.
Miss Becky South closed her pock-
etbook with a snap and looked disap-
provingly. at her small maid, who
stood before her with a flushed but
determined face.
"You surely don't mean to tell me
that you intend to waste your hard-
earned money on valentines?" she
said, in tones of shocked surprise.
Emmy's face grew redder yet, if
that was possible, for it was the color
of a winter apple already.
"Only one of 'em, Miss Becky," she
faltered; "all th' th' girls buy 'em an'
I'm late with mine as it is, because
you couldn't let me go out last night."
She glanced eagerly at the door; but
Miss Becky was not yet through with
the subject.
"Of course, I have no say in tte
spending of your money," she went on,
"still I consider it my duty to advise
you to save it. The savings bank-"
Emmy had turned pale. "I did put
th' money for my new hat in the bank.
Miss Becky; but I-I must send Joe a
valentine. He'll go for his mail to
morrow, an' he'd be disappointed if
he didn't get one from me. Please,
may I go now?"
"Yes, I suppose so. But sti I
think it would be better for you tj put
the money away towards the time you
want to go to housekeeping. I never
know that I am any the worse for it.
sent a valentine in my life and I don't
Lock the kitchen door, and be careful
that Garfield doesn't follow you."
Left alone with the softly purring
Garfield and the clock which had tick-
ed out the first hour of her life, and
which would be stopped at the one of
her death, Miss Becky sat down to her
knitting. She knew that nobody want-
ed homeknit stockings now, but her
mother had always knitted them in
the long winter evenings, and Miss
Becky followed in her mother's ways
from sheer lack of originality. As
she knitted, she talked to herself.
sometimes almost aloud. She was
ashamed o0 t+ie habit and she had care-
fully explained to Emmy that she
was merely counting stitches when her
lips moved in that fashion. Emmy
was not an observant person and she
accepted the explanation as she ac-
cepted Miss Becky's scolding, without
comment.
"Valentines, nonsense!" Miss Becky
was saying now. "Of course, I alwan-
had too much sense to send any. But
wait; I did get one once! I remember
how provoked pa was when he brought
it home from the postoffice. I never
told them it was from Robert Mason.
but Lavvy West had seen him buying
it and she had to tell pa or die. That's
the way with crabbed old maids:
they've always got to interfere with
other folks' affairs!" Miss Becky was
a girl again; she had quite forgotten
that she herself was now an interfer-
ing old maid.
"I never knew what pa said to .Miss
Lavvy about the valentine, but I
reckon it must have been something
pretty sarcastic, for Robert hardly
spoke to me tl next time he met me,
and he took (ra Bell home front
choir meeting the next Friday night.
instead of me. He married her the
next year; no, the'year after, and
they went away out west to live. I
suppose pa was right, but Robert was
the only beau I ever had, and, down
In my heart, I did like that valentine.


though I let on to pa that I thought it
silly, too!"
The clock had ticked off a good
many minutes and she had turnn I
the heel of a stocking, in her usual
manner, before she spoke again. "I've
got that valentine this very minute,"
she said "though I haven't looked at
it for years. Yes, I suppose I could
find it by candlelight, if I wanted to.
It's in the little old hair trunk, with
my big ioll and the first little dress I
ever wore. Ma saved it for my own
little girl, if I ever had one, and I
reckon I saved the doll for her, too.
though I never told anybody that."
She got up and rolled her knitting in
a neat roll, putting it on the mantel.
out of the reach of Garfield's playful
paws. Then she got down a tin can-
dlestick which shown like silver, an,1
lighted the candle.
"It's foolish, I know, but I want to
see my valentine tonight," she said.
and, taking her huge bunch of keys
in her hand, she went slowly up thl
stairs which led to the attic, followed
by Garfield.
When she reached the attic door she
was minded to turn back. "It's a fool's
errand," she said. "'Why, I haven't
thought of that valentine for years-
why should I bother about it tonight?
No. I'll just get out grandmother's
quilt while Pm up here. It needs
airing. Pshaw, after all, nobody'll
ever know; I'll just look at that valen-
tine )I've almost forgotten what 't
looks like."
She set the candle on the floor, where
it was secure from draughts, and open-
ed the little hair trunk. There was the
valentine in an old box. which hai
held her mother's girlish treasures be-
fore her own. It was a pitiful thin-.
this yellow valentine compared to the
works of art. which bear the naii.
now, but Miss Becky looked at it with
partial eyes. It was a strange sight in
the dim attic; the old woman crouch-
ed on the floor, beside the old hair
trunk, with bags of dried fruit an,'
bunches of herbs swaying in ghostly
fashion over her head, while Garfield
darted hither and thither in search of
mice.
The verses on the valentine were of
(.oubtful meter and far from original
in sentiment, but Miss Becky did no!
criticise them. The tears even came,
into her sharp, practical eyes, as slh"
read them. "What an old goose I am
to feel so," she murmered; "I wasn't
a bit in love with Robert-I never was
in love with a man in my life. Still
if I had married, I might have had a
child of my own. The only thing I
envy my married friends is the litV.
rosy children at their knees. A man
is a lot of trouble about the house, and
I never wanted to have to give in to
any human being as mna had to give in
to pa! But a little girl of my own. well
I never, if that isn't'Emmy ringing t'
front door bell. She's lost that kitch-
en door again. after all my warn-
ings."
With guilty haste she hid the doll.
the little yellow dress and the fadel1
valentine in the trunk. She locked the
attic door carefully: then, in spite of
repeated peals at the bell, she wemoI
back and shut herself into the dark
room. to be sure that there were no
sparks from the candle to set fire to
the place.
"I reckon she's scared," Miss Becky
said, grimly. "Well. it will make hir
less anxious to go gadding for valen-
tines another year. I don't know. af-
ter all. that I blame her. though pi
never let me be young, but I don't


know that that is any reason why
Emmy shouldn't he! She opened the
front door, just as there was another
long peal at the bell. There, on the
doorstep. stood. not Emmy, but a pret-
ty little yellow haired girl, with a tag
on her arm. and behind her was Nate
Sollers. the expressman with a reliev-
eil look on his face.
"I was afraid you had gone to bed
and I could not wake you, Miss
Becky," lie said. "Here's a little girl
that came by express from Idaho, all
by herself. She says she's your valen-
tine and she's the smartest little piece
I ever saw in my life."
"My--my what?" Miss Becky gasp-
ed, looking with hungry eyes at the
child.
"Your valentine, please," the clean
little voice lisped. "Here's my grand-
pa's letter. I s'pose it will tell you all
about me. Oh-h, what a lovely, lovely
cat!" She caught the half unwilling
Garfield to her breast and hugged him
while Becky read her letter. It ran:
"Dear Becky: I sent you a valen-
tine once. and I send you another now.
My son died last month; his wife a
year ago. I can't care properly for
the child myself, and my second wife
is peculiar and doesn't like children. I
thought, maybe, for the sake of old
times, you might keep little Minnie.
If you don't want her, send her bhck.
and I'll put her in an institution. I
reckon you owe me this much. ;h,'::.
because if you hadn't laughed at that
valentine I meant to ask you to marry
me. and then half of my tronlh'
would have been avoided. Keep her.
if you can, and let her grow up the
kind of woman you are yourself.
Yours respectfully,
Robert A. Mason."
"Vell." said the expressiana.
"what'll you do, Miss Becky? Tli
tag says that she's t' be sent back. if
you don't want her."
The little girl put down the cat.
which escaped into the darkness, un-
heeded by Miss Becky, who was us-
ually very careful to protect him from
all danger of the wicked boys, who
chased him wheezing up trees, from
which it was difficult to coax him
down.
"Are you going to send me bach-.
she asked, anxiously. For answer Miss
Becky caught the child to her hungry
heart.
"You are going to stay," she said.
softly. Then she faced the express-
man like a lioness. "Send her back!"
she criie: "I'd like to see anybody do
it. She's the last valentine I'll ever
get. and the best!"
An hour later Emmy came in.
abashed at the lateness of the hour.
She stopped. stupefied, at the door.
(il lhe eavlith rug sat a rosy little girl.
witl a huge old battered doll in her
:trim-,. lileh Miss Becky hovere (lover
them Ioth.
"'\ell. Eniiny, I hope you got a pret-
1y vai itine." said the transformed
.Miss Becky. "This is mine!"

WANTED--Several bright and hon-
est persons to represent us as manag-
er.'s of tills and close by counties. Sal-
ary $!)n a year and expenses. Straight
bonn-tile, no more no less, salary. Po-
sition permanent. Our references, any
bank in any town. It is mainly office
work conducted at home. Reference.
EIrmlose self addressed stamped env"-
lope. THE DOMINION COMPANY.
Dep. 3. Chicago.

It "i not a good plan to permit one's
'!tf tI, I.coime rolnd-shouldered car-
rying other people's burdens.


THE SLAYTON


INSULATING CURE

FOR

NEURALGIA,
RHEUMATISM,
SLEEPLESSNESS
and LOST VITALITY.
To all who know the misery and the hope-
lessness of days and nights tortured with
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sleeplessness and
the lassitude of Lost Vitality, we make a
lain proposition, which we believe is filled
with hope for sufferers:

First, a Word as to Our Methods:
DR. BROWN SEQUARD, of Paris, dis-
covered that these ailments arose from too
great a flow of electricity from the body,
and proved that if this waste could be stop-
ped the vital forces would be so invigorated
as to readily overcome the disease Experi-
ments on this line led to the discovery of
the SLAYTON ELECTRIC-SWITCH CAS-
TERS, and the SLAYTON INSULATING
INSOLES, which when used as directed, in.
sulate the patient completely, thus preventing
any flow of personal electricity to the earth
and the consequent weakening of the natur-
al forces. The curative results are wonder-
ful.
It is impossible to fully explain how so
simple a remedy can forever banish such ter-
rible ills but the indisputable fact remains that
the use of the SLAYTON ELECTRIC
SWITCH-CASTERS and the SLAYTON IN-
S'I.ATING; INSOLES is every day com-
pletely curing cases of Rheumatism, Neural-
gia, Seeplessnes and Lost Vitality, which
had previously seemed hopeless. Read the
following testimonials and judge for your-
selves if it is not worth your while to at
least make a FREE TEST of this wonderful
treatment:

"I WOULD NOT SELL FOR ALL TIIE
MONEY IN OLD KENTUCKY."
I would not sell the SLAYTON ELEC-
TRIC-CASTERS for all the money in Old
Kentucky, if I could not buy another set.
\ery truly yours.
W. E. Butch.
Newcastle. Kentucky.

"IMPART VIGOR AND STRENGTH TO
ENTIRE BODY."
Some time ago I wrote you for one pair of
SLAYTON'S INSULATING INSOLES,
and same reached me promptly.
It gives me pleasure to state to you that af-
ter using these Insoles for several weeks past,
I find thm to be of inestimable value to one's
2zeneral health.
One can walk around miles without feeling
fatigued ana worn out, and it certainly is
fact that these Irsoles impart vigor and
strength to the entire body.
I take pleasure in recommending your.In-
soles to the inhabitants of our country.
Yours very truly,
Louis Berger.
New York.

"I SHALL USE THEM AS LONG AS I
LIVE.
At the end of three months' use of the
SLAYTON ELECTRIC-SWITCH CAS-
TERS under my bed, and the SLAYTON IN-
SULATING INSOLES in my shoes,. I feei
so much benefited and so comfortable that I
want you and every one e!e to know it. The
rheumatism has all gone from my arm and
-houlder, and my sciatica has nearly left me.
I can now alk without feeling the severe paan
which I felt when I began using the Casters
and Insoles. I sleep well and rest easy, and
arise in the morning with a pleasant sensa-
tion throughout my body.
I am doing at least one-fourth more work
than I have been able t o d during the pas.
two years. The SLAYTON ELECTRIC-
SWITCH CASTERS and INSULATING
INSOLES are entitled to the credit for all
this, and moner would not buy them if I
could Let no more. I shall use them as long
as I live. I am sixty-eight years old, and
shall never forget to recommend your treat-
ment. It has done more for me than you
claimed for it.


Normal. Illinois.


Yours sincerely.
. Bayston.


FREE TRIAL
We will gladly send anyone a full set of
the SLAYTON ELECTRIC SWITCH-CAS.
TERS and the SLAYTON INSULATING
INSOLES on receipt of 25 cents to cover
postage and packing, 17e. for Casters, 8c. for
Insoles. Try them for two weeks, according
to directions. If they do not help yon send
them hack by mail and no charges will be
made. If they do help you, send us $3.o0 in
full payment of the Casters and $2.o0 for the
insoles. State whether Casters are required
for brass. iron, or wooden bedstead and size
and number of shoe Insoles are to fit.
The Slayto Electri Caster Co.,
mo I"lg St. Tuect e. n









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 93


CBOPB AND PRODUCTS.


Celery Crop.-The celery crop in
Manatee county this year is especially
fine, and is expected to yield about 119)
carloads. If former prices prevail, this
crop will add another $100,000 to the
cash account of Manatee county farm-
ers.-Manatee Journal.

Espinosa.-Manager W. L. Van Du-
zor has spent a fortnight, except last
Sunday, in Bartow getting ready for
this season's espinosa crop. II,
has rented 700 acres around,
Bartow,. 200 acres at Home-
land and 200 acres at Fort
Meade. His acreage in Osceola will
be 200, making a total of 1,3(o in
sight.-Klisimmee Valley-Gazette.

) Orange Trees Blooming.-L. B. Skin-
ner, of Dunedin, who came to the city
several days ago to attend the Repul-
lican county convention and to look af-
ter business interests here. returned;
home this morning. Mr. Skinner re
ports that the peninsular portion of
the West Coast has marketed already
75,000 boxes of oranges-25,000 more
than were expected. The groves arec
now in fine shape and some of the
trees are blooming already.
Although the groves on the VWe-t
Coast have withstood the cold weather
in the past in remarkably fine shape.
the growers in that section have made
preparation to fire them if necessary.
They expect a tremendous yield next
season.
On the subject of firing as a protec-
tion against cold M. E. Gillett, who is
at the head of the syndicate which has
leased a number of large groves in tills
vicinity, gave some valuable testimony
this morning. He states that during
the recent cold spells he fired several
of the large groves on Nebraska ave-
nue, and although only the alternate
piles of wood were lighted the temper-
ature was raised ten degrees in less
than an hour. He is quite positive that
orange trees can be saved from dam-
age by any cold that we will have in
this section by firing.-Tampa Tribune.

Money in Strawberries.-In a few
weeks there will be shipped from
Lakeland, Galloway and Kathleen
about two hundred bushels of straw-
berries a day. These berries will re-
tail In the marketsat about 50 cents a
quart, or $16 per bushel. Let's see.
200 bushels at $16 per bushel will
amount to $3,200 per day. The ex-
press and commissions will amount to
17 cents per quart or $5.44 per bushel.
200 bushels at $5.44, $1,088; this de-
ducted from $3.200 leaves a net
amount of $2,112 to come into this
section per day. This will continue
for a month or six weeks when the
prices of berries will drop lower, ow-
ing to the heavy supply. You can see
why Lakeland la on a sound( rooting.
There Is no wind work about this place
-it is simply the best town in all Flor-
ida. Come and see for yourself.-
Lakeland Sun.

More Oranges and Grapefruits.-
Oranges and gapefrult still 09ntinili-
to be shipped from here. On last
Thursday the steamer Gray Eagle
brought down 115 boxes from the Har-
ris grove on Orange River, and on
Saturday 250 boxes were brought
down, 150 boxes being from up the
river and 100 boxes from the Harris
grove. These shipments went forward
on the steamer H. B. Plant. There is
still over 1,500 boxes to ship from the


up-river groves, and perhaps 1,500
more from this neighborhood. The
total shipments for the season from
this point will aggregate 35.000 boxes.
-Ft. Myers Press.

Vegetable Shipments.-Mr. W. L.
Ilenly, agent here for the Southern
Express Company hai been kept busy
handling vegetables the past week.
Silce last Thursday 1.23-2 baskets of
lettuce have gone through his othice to
(lite northern markets. While price,
have not been the finest, slilppers ihav
nimade money and the outlook for c;l-
blage, onions and other truck now coml-
ing own is favorable. This has not been
1a Iad season for vegetable growers.--
l,,csburg Commercial.
Velvet Beans as a Fertilizer.-(On.
of our truck farmers, Mr. F. Iraimner.
is determined(1 to thoroughly test velvet
:calI< u: a fertilizer. He has just tin-
islhed fertilizing three acres of calbhag:e
witli velvet bean meal. and feels sure
that it will prove satisfactory. Thati
it will prove a great saving in money.
heretofore spent for fertilizer, there
can be no question.-Leesburg Com-
iercial.

Manatee Vegetables.-The Manato,<
vegetable crop promises to greater a ill
miore profitable than ever this season.
The outlook is very bright.
The shipment of cabbage and ve-ct
able crops will begin about Februairy
1. The product will be a large one.
On April 1 the tomatoes and other
vegetables will begin to move. The
success of the fruit crop has inspired
the growers to renewed exertions, and
the -result will be a highly successful
year among them.--Tampa Tribune.
The cowpea is getting a boom in
simie localities that is pen-culiar to s ay
the leant. It may do to help out on
Red Clover when it freezes out, but
we don't intend to go back on clover.

"PROTECTION TO PLANTERS"
is the headline of an advertisement ap-
pearing in our columns of the old-es-
tablished seedsmen and florists, Peter
IIender'son & Co., 3.5 and 87 Cortlandlt
Street. New York. This announcement
is to the effect that this firm no longer
supply their seeds to dealers to sell
again, so that to procure the famous
Henderson seeds the same must be
purchased from them direct.
Their advertisement also offers their
annual superb Catalogue entitled "Ev-
erything tfor the Garden," which is n
reality a book of 190 pages, contain-
ing over seven hundred engravings acid
six superb colored plates. This cata-
logue to all who send 10 cents il
stamps to cover the cost of )(osr-irc
and mailing. In addition to the cnra-
logue, this firm, wishing to trace the
result of their advertising in different
papers, will send to all who state
-where they anaw the "adv i- re n it
trial collection of six packets .f d(larce
vegetable and ower seeds containill
in a red envelope, which when empty
and returned with an order from cata-
logue, will be accepted as twenty-five
cents in part payment. We advise our
readers to avail themselves of this un-
i'Uhlly liberal offer.

Thle eager W'oven Wire Fence Co..
Adrian, Mich., have for nine years
past issued a paper called The Coiled
Spring Hustler, the name has been
changed to Page Fence Age, but it is
the same "Hustler" as ever. devoted
to tile interests or Page Woven Wire
Fence, and full of information concern-


'SAVANNAH LINE."


Part Rail, Part Sea.

FasL Freight and Luxurious Passenger Route

FROM-

FLORIDA TO NEW YORK,

BOSTON &THE EAST.


Short Rail Ride to Savannah.

Thence via Ship, Sailings from Savannah, Four Ships Each
Week to New York, a nd Two to Boston.
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules.
Write for general information, sailing schedules, stateroom reservations.
or call on
E. H. Hinton, Traffic Manager, Walter Hawkins, Gen'l Agt.
Savannah, Ga. 224 W. Bay St., Jacksonville, Pla


Over-Work Weakens O t14 CENTS
FOR 14 CENTS
Your Kidneys. w.1.1o.. thu.n ..
-ea.ctome and hIence offer
----- Ii 1 PkI Cit Garden Beet. loc
Unhealthy Kidneys Make Impure B0lood. P aks.et M deribdCucubr1i
Loe Market I00t.160|k
1" Strawberry Melon. e
All the blood in your body passes through I DyP r lihb.
nDint Flower OnoSeedn, 1.
your kidneys once every three minutes.yrar Dinner On
The kidneys are your wr-.*o, e r *e. i i
blood purifiers, they fil- AbolO 0 Pkg. worth $Lo, we will
S" ter out the waste or m1l ou free, together with our
Impurities in the blood. sAii$ fitll A.11 Abot
If they are sick or out npon reoeit othisoticeO 1.
of order, they fail to do when o oe tra lde
1y their work. I owill neer do ithoeut
U' n.^S IO^^ -'Prion s8leC's MO--rr-(
Pains, achesandrheu- i terTomatoGiantonearth. F: 3
matism come from ex- _JO A. SALB Z SD CO., LA CROSSLE, WI
cess of uric acid in the
*--- i 0 blood, due to neglected -
kidney trouble. RestoreTA VITALITY
Kidney trouble causes quick or unsteady I LOST VIGOR
heart beats, and makes one feel as though AND MANHOOD
they had heart trouble, because the heart is Cures Impotency, Night Emissions and
over-working in pumping thick, kidney- wasting diseases, all effects of self-
poisoned blood through veins and arteries. abuse, or excess and india.
It used to be considered that only urinarycretion. Anervetonicand
troubles were to be traced to the kidneys,W ere lo Anerretonieand
but now modern science proves that nearly bloodbuilder. Brings the
all constitutional diseases have their begin- pink glow to pale cheeks and
ning in kidney trouble. restores the fire of youth.
If you are sick you can make no mistake Bymail50e perbox; 6 boxes
by first doctoring your kidneys. The mild for $2.50; with a written guaran-
and the extraordinary effect of Dr. Kilmer's tee to cure or" efmd the money.
Swamp-Root, the great kidney remedy is
soon realized. It stands the highest for its NERVITA MEDICAL CO.
wonderful cures of the most distressing cases O um A Jacduon StS, CHICA 1O, IIJA.
and is sold on its merits or ale bW.. le o.
by all druggists in fifty- r sa .
cent and one-dollar siz- it ,. I) l.nd. F a
es. You may have a
sample bottle by mail Home of swamp-Boot.
free, also pamphlet telling you how to find W A N T ED
out if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
Mention this paper when writing Dr. Kinr To Buy WILD ANIMALS,
& Go., Binghamton, N. Y.,
&C.,BghamtonN.Y. BIRDS and REPTILES of all
kinds. .
ing it. It will be sent free to any krnd
Write me what you can secure in
farmer who asks for it. We can as-
sure our readers it is worth sending your vicinity. Will give exclusive ter-
ritory to hustling parties.
for. Ask also for their "Blue Folder. ritory to hustling parties.
J. L. BUCK,
which gives complete descriptions of I a E o .
Importer and Exporter of Animals.
the different styles of Page Fence. ,
he re 700-2 and 4 S. 10th St. Philadelphia,
W\\ihen writing. please mention this Pa.
Pa.
paper. Mention this paper.





OCEAN STEAMSHIP 0C.,


'.--' -- ;






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


RI RN D Out


AL.r 1,0


A High-Grade Fertilizer
MUST HAVE


QUALITY!


REPUTATION!


"THiE IDEAL" BR A NDS
rkWh% HAVE TH ES E. RS


Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a,strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following prices:


IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE.............. ..$30.00 per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE.................$30.00 per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............ $30.00 per ton


IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)...........$27.00 per ton
IDEAL BLOOD, BONE AND POTASH..... $25. ) per ton
SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $25.W per ton
CORN FERTILIZER .................... $o.oo per tjn


All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTTT.J7FR COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE. FLA.
Pti i P~" r-ndirl !1,.. d '4.in- t7.m pTri tnn nVs r, d mn .'w'he Te 1At 'P ,Twa 1 1n rtilisvr 440 M -r r-1


-I ~


F*


y.


I,


.-F L L A A ..4%.rw %

BUT STILL IN BUSINESS.

The freezes ruined our business and now a fire ruined our stock
and warehouses, but we are still "ON DECK" and ready to serve our
customers.


Si mon = Pure = Fertilizres
I ARE
TIfnE TRIED AND CROP TESTED
And never fails to give satisfaction.
All kinds of Fertilizing Materials kept in stock and sold at close
prices.
Please write us and let your wants be known, and remember that
we got the insurance and now you have the assurance that your order
will be filled, and we are here to stay.
E. O. PAINTER & CO., Jacksonville, Fla.
.. _: