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 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: January 24, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00004
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text




























Vol. XXVII, No. 4. Whole No. 1354. DeLand. Fla, Wednesday, January 24, 1900. 2 per Annum, in Advance.


The Tertiluer Question
For the Florida Agriculturist:
Various causes conspire to make the
discussion of fertilizers both timely
and important. This is particularly so
to Southern farmers, but we appre-
hend that it is nearly, if not equally
as important to all farmers and trifck
growers, and even to those who only
grow a few vegetables in the kitchen
garden, or a few kfowers in the front
yard. There is quite a difference be-
tween fertilhers and manures. The
first includes all preparations and com-
pounds, whether natural or artificial.
which are calculated and intended to
give immediately soluble food to grow-
ing plants. They have very little refer-
ence to the permanent building up of
the soiL They contain one or more
elements of plant food in such condi-
tion that the plants can receive them
quickly Into their growing tissues.
Hence their effects are usually design-
ed for the present crop.
Very many fields and farms have
been so cultivated that the available
plant food has been largely or entire-
ly removed. All such fields and farms
require plant food in some available
form to enable them to produce pay-
ing crops.
The sources of supply from which
we expect to get this food are chiefly
two. In many places we find large
quantities of material, rich in am-
monia, or potash, or phosphoric ecid,
and other needed elements of plant
food. Some of these are immediately
soluble when ground to a needed fine-
ness. These only require mechanical
treatment. Others, such as phosphate
rock, must be first ground into a "l
flour, and then treated with a power-
ful acid to render the plant food whlic
they contain soluble in water.
Nitrate of soda.for instance, is read-
ily soluble and yields Its ammonia
easily. Charleston Bock and animal
bones do not readily yield their food.
They must be pulverized and then
made soluble by sulphuric or nitric,
or other acids. Kanit, sulphate, or
muriate of potash, are generally easily
dissolved. But this paper is intended
for another purpose, rather than a
chemical essay.
What Bhall the Farmer Do?--wat
Interest has the farmer and gardener
in all this? He is supposed to be
growing plants for profit. If his soil
has a bountiful supply of plant food
in a readily soluble condition, then he
can grow full crops. But 'if from any
cause his soil is deficient in any of
these elements, his crop will be like-
wise deficient; for plants will no more


grow without suitable food than ani-
mals.
The food must be suitable in quality
as well as quantity. And it must be
suitable in variety also. A horse will
starve and die with plenty of corn in
his trough, unless you give his forage
of some kind, also. In like manner a
plant will starve and die with plenty
of ammonia if no potash is available.
The plant, as well as the animal, must
have a balanced ration.
For plants, such a ration must con-
tain phosphoric acid, potash and lime
in suitable proportion. These are the
mineral elements. Ammonia is also
requisite for fullest crops. By good
management, the farmer can generally
supply this element from the waste-of
his farm. and voidings of his animals.
But with the mineral elements it is
different. For these he must depend
upon two sources of supply. He must
render soluble the locked-up stores by
consistent and persistent pulverization
of the soil, or he must purchase them.
In the present washed and worn con-
dition of most of our farms, the for-
mer is too slow and we must resort to
the latter. We must buy the food we
need for our crops. How shall we do
this to best advantage. This is a ques-
tion of vital import. We find this food
offered two conditions. One is com-
plete fertilizers, containing these var-
ious elements compounded, or ready
for use, in certain definite proportions.
The other is single elements, each to
itself for us to mix.
SWe can mix in proportions to suit
our different crops. Some crops need
'more potash in proportion, than others.
We can ascertain this by studying the
analysis of the crops. And by giving
more of the special ingredient to
those which contain more, we can se-
cure maximum crops at minimum
cost. This is the important point of
profitable farming.
Of course in buying fertilizers, we
always keep in view their cost and the
increase they give to the yield. If
bought cheap enough, and used with
intelligence, they'll pay large profits
in the present condition of farming.
James B. Hunnicutt


The postomfce at Rockledge will
probably remain under its present
management for some time longer, as
it is reported that J. L. Wilson, the
newly appointed postmaster, has failed
to find anyone willing to go on his
bond. Although the present postmas-
ter is a Democrat, very few of the Be-
publicans of the town wish for any
change.


Practical Points to farmerss
Editor Florida Agrickltrist:
The observance or non-observance
of certain points in farming often dis-
tinguishes between the successful and
unsuccessful farmer, so with the view
of throwing out a few hints to the
thoughtful one, I have prepared the
following paragraphs regarding ferti-,
lizers.
Nitrogen, phosphoric acid and pot-
ash are the three ingredients for which
farmers have to pay in fertilizers. The
balance of the mixture is composed of
lime, magnesia, soda, etc., but these
are usually already present in the soil
in sufficient quantities.
Complete fertilizers or guanos, are
made by mixing together raw mater-
ials which contain phosphoric acid,
nitrogen and potash. They are com-
pounded in various proportions to
make fertilizers of different composi-
tion.
The chief sources pf nitrogen are-
nitrate of soda, sulphate of ammonia,
tankage, dried blood, Ash scraps and
cotton seed meal. Nitrate of soda is
the most soluble form of nitrogen, and
should be applied as top dressing at
a time when needed by the plant, oth-
erwise it Is apt to leach out of the
soil and be lost. The other forms of
nitrogen are not so soluble, and are
slower in their action.
The principal sources of phosphoric
acid are ground bone, dissolved bone,
dissolved bone black, and acid phos-
phate. These materials give best re-
sults when applied some weeks before
the planting and worked into the soil.
The main sources of potash are mu-
riate of potash, sulphate of potash,
sulphate of potash magnesia, kainit,
wood ashes and tobacco stems. Pot-
ash salts give best results when ap-
plied in- connection with the phos-
phates some weeks before planting.
Sulphate of potash should always be
used upon tobacco and forms which
contain chlorin should be avoided.
Wood ashes are uncertain in compo-
sition and high in price. The use of
ashes, which also contain a large per-
centage of lime is apt to produce scab
on potatoes.
Stable manure contains all plant
food ingredients, though they are not
all well balanced. It Is rich in nitro-
gen, but rather deficient n'phosphoric
acid and potash. If too much nitrogen
is applied, it produces a rank growth
of foliage at the expense of the fruit
or grain. Hence, stable manure should
be supplemented wfth phosphoric acid
and potash, in order to get best re-
sults.
The liquid portion of the manure


contains the greater part of the plant
food; hence, it should be carefully
saved. When stable manure becomes
heated, the ammonia escapes in the
form of a gas, and the manure loses
the greater portion of fts value as a
fertilizer.
Land plaster of kainit sprinkled over
the manure pile will prevent the es-
cape of the ammonia. The land plas-
ter simply prevents the escape without
adding much to the value of the ma-
nure. The kalnit prevents the escape
of the ammonia, and also adds potash
to the manure pile, thereby enhancing
its value.
Fertilizers have to be dissolved in
the soil before they can be taken up
by the plants.
Bryan Tyson.
Long Leaf, N. C.

Weeds Have Nutritive Value.
The dandelion isn't the only weed
eaten by people who know what's
good to eat. Take wild chicory, the
plague of the farmer. It makes of the
the finest salads served-piquart, ten-
der and wholesome. Charlock, or wild
mustard is another bare of the farm-
er. He doesn't know that as
pot herb it can give a delightful
flavor. The dockweeds-how an-
noying the whole family are
Yet the broad-leaf variety and the
curly leaf are used all over Europe as
table vege tables. There's poke-weed,
commonest of them all. In France It
is cultivated. It takes the place of
sage, hyme, parsley and bay leaves as
a flavoring for soup.
Everybody in America hates a net-
tle and can't see what use it is. In
Scotland, Poland and Germany tender
young nettle leaves are used as greens.
The Germans boil them with other
vegetables to give them a piquant la-
vor. Purslane is another weed that
can be treated the same way. Most
people think milkweed poisonous.. It
is a median vegetable, with a delight-
ful flavor of its own. The young
leaves, when they are Just in the right
condition, Are a cross between spinach
and asparagus, and in a salad are d-
licious. Sorrel fettlcus and chevril are
looked on as field pests by ninety-nine
out of every one hundred farmers.
The hundredth one picks the choicest
leaves from these weeds and sends
them to market, where they find a
ready sale for salads to be eaten, with
game and for flavoring hurbs-for
herbs they are, and not weeds.-In-
dustrial Journal.

Sugar cane, cassava and tobacco may
be the key notes of our prosperity.


- -------------1-.-- ---- --- ~---` -- --






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Growing Sweet Potatoes.
Sweet potatoes are grown success
fully in one-half the era of the Unite
States. The crop produces from 200 t
300 bushels to the acre in the state
south of Nebraska and New York an
fair yields are reported from Maine an
the warm valleys of the irrigated West
The last official census gives the yield
for the entire country at 44,000,00(
bushels. Expert growers estimate the
actual cost of production from 10 to 20
cents per bushel. As the market prices
range from 50 cents to $3.00 per bushel
there is certainly good profit in grow-
ing the crop. I have sold good sweet
potatoes at ten cents per pound, but the
general market price will not average
more than one-thir 1, or even as low as
one-fourth that amount. Sometimes
certain conditions cause very low price,-
as in other farm products, but, as a gen-
eral rule, the market remains very
good.
A warm, sandy, well drained soil is
the ideal spot for sweet potatoes. The
crop will not be satisfactory on heavy
clay land nor on old worn out fields
New land is very good for the p'ant ii
it has not been highly fertilized with
barn-yard manure. The potatoes w';
not grow to very great success in the
shade, nor on a cold hillside.
The sweet potato is a very heavy
feeder and removes much plant food
from the soil. According to reports of
the United States Department of Agri-
culture, 185 bushels require ten pounds
phosphoric acid, 23 pounds nitrogen
and fifty pounds potash.
The potato thrives best on sandy
soils, and these as a rule, contain the
the least plant food. An average appli-
cation for sweet potatoes should be
about six hundred to eight hundred
pounds per acre of a fertilizer running
say, 6 per cent phosphoric acid, 8 per
cent potash and 4 per cent nitrogen, to
be used before planting and well mixed
with the soil.
Sweet potatoes are best grown from
plants. These are started in a hot bed
or cold frame. My bestplan for getting
the plants is the cold frame. Dig the
pit the size required, about two feet
deep. Fill six inches with coarse leaves
or eight inches horse stable manure,
which must be well pressed down. On
this add four inches of earth. Then lay
the sweet potatoes as close together as
possible without touching each other,
and cover with fine sandy soil. Co--er
the bed with a cloth and on that.
place some boards or slabs to hold the
cloth in place and protect against sud-
den freezes. Keep the bed well watered
and the plants will be a success. The
bed should be made about six weeks
before the time the plants are wanted,
which is usually the first of May.
There are several good varieties, the
Jersey or Nansemond being best for
small, early market, and the Yams
best for late planting for the general
market and stock feed. The potatoes
will mature in from sixty to ninety days
after planting. Plants should be set
about 18 inches apart in furrows run-
ning north and south if possible, with
plants on west side of furrow. The
furrows may be three feet apart. Some
plant thirty inches either way, requir-
ing about 7,000 hills to the acre. Plants
are usually set when six inches in
height. The dibble is the best single
hand tool for transplanting, but several
machines are now in use, by which
large areas are planted. Cultivation is
very simple, shallow plowing and care-
ful weeding being the chief requisites.
Most farmers think flat cultivation the
best, and do not disturb the seed bed


only in pulling out the weeds.
The potato may be plowed out and
d after drying or marketed or put in the
o winter storage bins. They will keep if
s a uniform temperature of about 60 de-
d grees is maintained. Some find the
I surplus potatoes left after the market
prices drop, very valuable food for
Shores, cattle and hogs. Several can-
o ning factories are in operation putting
the potatoes in three pound cans and
0 placing the product on the market with
Very satisfactory results. Some South-
ern housewives have found it very
Good and profitable to dry the potatoes
in the sun, by slicing them into two
pieces. The crop is one which every
farmer should try, if he has the soil and
the climate favorable. Seed potatoes
may be obtained of seedmen or the
plants may be purchased at reasonable
rates from those engaged in growing
them in almost every state.-Joel
Shoemaker in Southern Farnmor.

Jamaica Sorrel.
In a paper read before the Winter
Park Horticultural Society, on Jamaica
Sorrel, Miss M. E. Browne says:
The plant known among us as Jamai-
ca Sorrel, or simply the jelly plant, is
a hibiscus. The hibiscus is a genus of
the mallow tribe, malvaceae, which con- t
tains a thousand species (grouped into
forty or more genera), several of them 1
highly esteemed in medicine, their uni-
form character being to abound in mu-
cilage, and to be totally destitute of un- (
wholesome qualities. The wood is t
'ight and of little value, though the 1
light, straight stems of some kinds are I
used for rocket sticks. Some sorts af- t
ford food, as the okra and the Ramtur- a
ai of India; others furnish valuable fi- t
bre, of which "cotton is king," while in e
various other species the coarser fibre s
of the bark is used for making cord- I
age; and that of the hibiscus arboreum s
of the West Indies, for whiplashes, t
Many species are splendidly or cur- 1
iously beautiful, as the hollyhock in all t
its varieties; the abutilon, Indian mal- i;
low or fairy bell; the achania malvabis- t
cus, common in our garden, almost ev- I
er-blooming, with scarlet, unopening q
flowers; and most showy and most va- g
rious, the hibiscus. Of this genus, our b
native sorts are as fine as the foreign b
ones, and as variously colored, being s
purple, carmine, rose-color, or a deli- a
cate yellow all having a spot of deep t
rich, color at the base of the corolla. c
Of the garden varieties, that one with (
the large, single, soft, rose-colored c
flowers, was I think, the first exotic t
species introduced (except the old-fash- t
ioned Rose of Sharon, H. Syriacus) g
which coming from China, was called v
rosa sinensis, which name is now ex- t
tended to all its hybrids, with an added n
epithet to denote the variety, b
There is a beautiful and interesting
species, Mexican, I believe, that was w
formerly to be seen in every dooryard ti
on the country roads about us, and t
there is still here and there a bush a
that has escaped the freezes. The blos- a
som is large and very double; when v
first it opens it is pure white; grad- a
ually it takes on a faint flush of rose l
that slowly deepens and suffuses the w
the whole flower. The next day the ro- it
sy hue has deepened to crimson, and af- h
ter some hpurs it "withers in its pride," ti
but cannot be said to fade. This is k
hibi cus multibilis, commonly called p
from the shape and color of its leaves,
the cotton rose.
There is another remarkable species, tl
a somewhat rare greenhouse shrub, w
the blossom of which is one of the hi
most exquisitely graceful and beautiful w


- -- __


flowers I have ever seen. It is pendani
on a slender stem five inches long. The
petals, two inches long, are curved
back; the edge, compoundly divided,
almost fringed, to within a fifth of an
inch of the midrib, which peculiarity
gives it the name h. schizopetalus; the
color is a crimson-scarlet, deeper at the
base, and marked with short strips
above. The slender column of pistils
and stamens projects three inches from
the throat; the lower two inches naked,
then a half inch of encircling stamens
with brown anthers bearing abundant
bright yellow pollen; then the five
styles half an inch long, tipped with
globular crimson stigmas. .Of course
the word lower in this description
means, technically, nearest the attach-
ment of the flower to the stem, but in
the pendant blossom the position is to
the eye reversed.
The third curiosity in the genus is
the Jamaica Sorrel, the H- Sabdariffa,
which resembles the garden varieties
in being a large, branching bush, but
taller than they usually are, some now
in Winter Park being nine or ten feet
high. The stems are a reddish-brown,
the leaves a deep rich green, various
shaped, some with five lobes, some
with three, and others smaller and en-
tire. It produces a marvelous profu-
sion of flowers in the fall, two and a
lalf inches across, of light yellow color
with a crimson center- Now the gar-
len hibiscus has a conspicuous green
:orolla of five sepals united at the base.
o which are attached several small
eaves, or bracts. But.in the Jamaica
lant the green of the calyx is changed
o the crimson at the base of the flower,
nd the red wine has run down into the
en little bracts below. After the flow-
r falls, the calyx continues to grow.
ome of them to an inch and a half
ong, enclosing the seed pod; in its
ize and shape somewhat resembling
he sweetscented shrub, calycanthus.
'his calyx is distinctly acid, and is used
o make a beautiful jelly or jam, which
s hardly distinguishable in color or
aste from that made of cranberries.
'or jam they must be gathered when
uite tender, before the seed-pod be-
gins to harden; for jelly they need not
e quite so young. A rich syrup may
"e made, which will keep indefinitely in
ealed bottles, and serve for coloring
nd flavoring sherbets, etc. In its na-
ive home, Jamaica, a lightbeer is made
f it. Effervescent and non-intoxicant
a sort of home-made pink champagne
nly less alcoholic) which is an essen-
ial accompaniment of the winter fes-
ivites. The pods, with pieces of fresh
singer root, are thrown into a tub,
rarm water is poured over the mix-
ure, the tub covered and left over
ight, or longer, the liquid separated
*y straining, sweetened and bottled.
We have one drawback to success
rith this plant in that it is strictly
ropical, requiring a longer season
han ours for perfecting all its flowers;
nd it is said to be annual. There
re some persons further south than
re who have had it for several seasons,
nd who could tell us whether it real-
y is an annual, necessarily perishing
'hen its seeds are matured, or whether
Sperishes only from the cold. It be-
ooves us to enquire. In any case, cut-
ngs may be rooted in summer and
ept over till spring, giving strong
lants earlier than seedlings.

Nature "makes all things beautiful in
ieir time" Every one of life's seasons,
'hen life moves on Nature's lines,
as its own charm and beauty. Many
omen dread that period when they


The famar'swife who raises ehickes,
knows that they
Must have food
Enough first to
Satisfy bare
hunger, then
( enough more
than that to
~--- make flesh aad
Sfat before they
will begin to la

Syon've gotto put
"'Y lhen Inp
--- nto the hea i
the form of food
what you gt out
of It intha the
ofK em A-li
nourihed hen
Ty no Weggs.
betwoee- the
'farmer's wife and her chicken is that
she fancies he can take ot of herselfia
daily cares and toils what she doe not
put back in the form of nourishment for
nerve and body. Butshecan't. Sooneror
later the woman who tries it breaks down.
The warning signs of physical break
down are, among others, headache weak
stomach, flatulence, pa in In side or ac
difficult breathing, palpitation of the
heart. These are only some of the in-
dications of a derangement of the stom-
ach and organs of igestion ad nutri-
tion. The one sure remedy for this con-
dition is Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
Discvery, which strengthens the stom-
ach, purifies the blood and orishes
and invigorates the nerves.
Mm Maitha L. urha.i of Wrewvlle, Prime
Georre Co., V., write:. "I commenced totake
Dr. Parce's Golden Medical Discovery in use,
%7, also his 'vorite Precription,' ad fca-
not press te benefit I have rinvd ftr
the nmdines. I uwas ftrt wth hat the
dlm os called chronic i torpid liver
vad erfto. The doctor n t do
oo. y ymptom wr giddiness hi
Mpn in chest and an uneaWy II all ov. I
also suffered with female weaknem. I was an
run-dowu and could not do any work at all with-
out suffering from nervous attacks, so I wrote to
ou for advice. You advised me to ue Dr.
Perce's, Golden Medical Discovery and 'Fa rite
Prescription.' When I commenced to m the
medicines I weighed only itl pounds, w I
weigh I4o pounds. I thank God and Dr. L V.
Pierce frr my recovery."


Quick Fertilizer.
There is nothing in the American
market to-day that acts so quickly and
surely as a fertilizer as
M f0Pate dOf ois
Apply to the surface in the spring.
A small quantity does the work.
Watch the'crops closely and when
they look sick or make slow growth
apply the remedy promptly. Book,
"Sbod for Plants," tells all about it.
John A. Myers, 1--Y John St., New
York, will send you free copy on re-
quest. Nitrate for sale by
BALFOUR, WILLIAt ON & CO.,
27 WUIlam SLt, New Yor.

.'o Jc a *e* Mardom's
^ IMaROv

Bows Beet, Carrot, Prstip, TurnA
Buta-Bas, Onion, aMndal la L
in drll. tent on -*l at t rl 9Sd .
>*eChsarle es- *ALUTrIU S ..

must experience change of life. They
fear that face and form may suffer by
the change, and that they may fail to
please those whom they love. The val-
ue of Doctor Pierse's Favorite Pre-
scription in this crisis of woman's life
lies in the fact that it assists Nature.
Its use preserves the balance and bouy-
ancy of the mind and sustains the phy-
sical powers. Many women have ex-
pressed their gratitude for the help and
tion"uey Io s escmfw wpdlfshrdl hrdl
comfort given by "Favorite Prescrip-
tion" in this trying period. Its benefits
are not passing but permanent and con-
duce to mental happiness as well as
physical strength.

WHY SHE HELD ON TO IT.
Mrn, Wilfull-My husband told me if
I didn't like this brooch you'd ex-
change it for me.
Jeweler-Certainly, madam. I'll be
only too glad, as four different ladies
of your set wanted It.-Jewelers'
Wekly.







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. a


The Xelon Wilt.
The United States Department of
Agriculture has just issued a bulletin
on the wilt disease of cotton, water-
melon and cowpea. Concluding its
review on the subject of restriction of
the melon wilt, the Bulletin says:
While no cure is known for this dis-
ease. our knowledge of its cause and
manner of spread is not sufficiently
exact and complete so that certain
ruilci 6f prareti may be civen, By
carefully following these the farmer
will frequently avoid very serious
losses.
(1) Fields already infested with this
fungus must not be planted to melons
for a long series of years.
So far as yet known, cantaloupes.
cotton, peanuts, cowpeas, soy beans,
or velvet beans may be planted on
such fields without danger.


impure baking powder used in mixing
buckwheat cakes, has been further in-
vestigated.
The original can with the remainder
of the baking powder left over after
mixing the cakes was secured by Dr.
Critchfield. The powder had been
bought at a neighboring country store,
and was one of the low priced brands.
Dr. Critchfield said that the patients
had the symptoms of alum poisoning.
As the same kind of baking powder is
sold in many city groceries, as well oa
country stores, Dr. Critchfield thought
it important that a chemical examine.
tion should be made to determine its
ingredients. He therefore transferred
the package of powder to Dr. Schili.
of this city, for analysis, who after a
chemical examination has reported
that the suspected powder contained
aluni.


(2) Fields free from this disease Alum is used in the manufacture of
may become infected by the wash lower priced baking powders. It is a
from lands already infested, and prob- mineral poison, and for this reason the


ably, also, by means of the dirt ad-
hering to agricultural implements and
to the feet of horses and cattle. For
this reason, if cattle are pastured on
such field, they should not be allowed
to roam freely over uninfected parts
of the farm, and tools used on such
lands should at least be scoured bright
before using on other fields. Where
uplands are infected the wash from
sudden heavy rain storms should be
turned aside, as far as possible, from
uninfected lowlands.
(3) nasmucnh as the vitality of the
fungus is great and the wilting melon
vines are full of it, the danger for a
half year or more from such vines is
very great. All such plants are maga-
zines of infection. They should be
pulled while green, stacked with brush
and burned. Large growers of melons
could well afford to keep one man in
the field all the time for this purpose.
The plants shIl a ie removed an QoOg
as they show distinct symptoms of the
wilt, because at this time the fungus
is still confined to the interior of .the
stem and not likely to be scattered
about by the removal, as would be the
cause a few weeks later when the
vines are dry and the fungus has fruit-
ed abundantly on their surface. This
precaution should not be neglected
simply because fields show only here
and there a wilted vine, since in course
of a few year ouoh fields have been
known to become so thoroughly occu-
pied by the fungus as to altogether
prevent melon growing.
(4) Occasionally the fungus is intro-
duced into the barn yard, so that the
dung pile becomes a source of general
infection to fields previously free from
the disease. This is apt to be the
case where "melon hay" is fed or used
for bedding. The writer discovered
one striking outbreak of this disease
in South Carolina in 1894 which could
be accounted for in no other way,'the
I disease making almost a clean sweep
on the five acres which received most
of the manure. If there is the least
reason to suspect the manure pile,
commercial fertilizers should be used
instead.
(5) Farmers whose lands have be-
come generally infected are advised to
grow crops on their own fields, and to
rent uninfected land from their neigh-


a:e of baking powders containing it
is in many of the cities prohibited.-
.Johlitown. Penn.. Tribune.

p1) YOi' NEED AN ELECFRI('
BELT?
For the past ten years. Dr. J. New-
ton IIlthaway. who is recognized as
the greatest of all our specialists, has
been perfecting an electric belt, suit-
alile to use in his practice, one which
he could furnish as a part of his sys-
tem of treatment, and which he could
conscientiously guarantee. He now
announces that lo has perfected Bsuei
a belt, which he believes to be the only
perfect belt made. It is light, hand-
some, and of great power, and with
new attachments which make it suit-
able for every case. He is prepared to
furnish this belt to all patients who
need it and who apply to him for treat-
ment, at merely a nominal charge.
Write to Dr. Hathaway to-day, telling
all about your case and Be will write
you all about the belt, and if you de-
sire the belt' will send it C. .0 D. for
inspection. Address Dr. Hathaway &
Co., 25 Bryan St., Savannah, Ga.

Farmers and builders will find it to
their advantage to write to Geo. H.
Fernald, Sanford, Fla., for prices on
all tools, implements and builders' sup-
plies. He is agent for the Acme Har-
rows. Walter A. Wood Mowers and
rakes, Remington, Avery and Brinly
Plows, Charter Oak Stoves and
Ranges, Devoc's Paints and Columbia
Bicycles. He has the best equipped
plumbing, steam and gas fitting estab-
lishment and tin shop in South Flor-
ida. Pumps, Columbia Bicycles, Boil.
ers, Machinery, new and second hand
a specialty. All inquiries promptly an-
swered.

Florida Egg Plant in Orange 3oxes.
When the great freeze of February,
1895, dealt such a terrific blow to the
orange groves of South Florida, prac-
tically destroying all prospects of a
crop for a few years to come, orange
growers, merchants, and dealers in
supplies formerly used by orange
growers, found themselves caught
with a tremendonnus tnok ef bo -


,A PlRTL POULTRY 1K0
.rnens....u ..r bT elsbhiALO sI. hlaeua. -
= ason miihei b wE I f!ZJ Prii Kl Vs 't.
".P..re.s..meum.,l rL. mr laa e las & awir cmases B Osincy-ll


NEW TOMATO F

..LIVINOSTON'S MAONUS.
Thin very distinct and most promising
new variety .o the color of as and
Aces, is the latest addition b~ tLi g.
stone tthe Tomato familT. It s thicker,
heavier and more solid than either of the
a hove making it easily the most hand-
vovr =-t. Is Pultlvation, The rtmi er-
feet. uniform. large and attractive. rlela
very firm. It is a robust grower with
short joints setting its 'rit clusters e.los-
er together than nrmot yatrities and i
theretore a heavy cropper. It is espLoeital.
ly adapted for shipping, and is remarka-
bly fine for forcing indoors and out. Or-
der nt once
Per Pkt. 2ac. s3 56e7u pt.a So
The LIVINOSTON SEED CO., Collau s, 0.

III


Worms and Ticks .
AM Iatantly KMd whlm


SLOAN'S LINIMENT
Is sed. Alsokills a Spavia,Cub or Spli.
Cures a Cut, Kick or Bruise, ad Foot et ia
attleandsepp. . . . . . .
Slam's LAlst is an invaluable remedy for mn
as well u 1ist. Takea Inatismu yt eh ca Cramps
and li Itisthe... i . . . . .. .
Best Antiseptic Known.
R ery bottle i-warua eldb ydsnslhsiaddmLens
gseaeUly. Familyaisese. Howwir,,e !-A-l~-
hqm f 1DLEe .0AUm6Nii>ft%


Seed Beans and Poaa, Rocky Ford Cantalvup Sev d, Onion Sets
and a full stock of fresh Garden Seeds. Also Grain, Hay and
Feed. Write for prices. Catalogue free.

WilliamE. BAY STREET,'
William A. 0ours & Co., JACKSONVILLE, PFLA.


age, a box 8x14x22 inches. The orange
growers, however, soon found them-
sotlres with plenty of egg plant
for shipment and plenty of orange
boxes, but without money to buy the
standard vegetable package. So grow-
ers began packing and shipping their
egg plants in the orange boxes and
found this experiment a decided suc-
cess. The boxes were even better fit-
ted to carry such commodities than
either the standard crates, which were
too small, or the barrels, which were
too large. The orange boxes were
Just the thing, But the railroads com-
plained that confusion had resulted
from the arrangement. The growers
did not protest particularly against the
orange rate, but when barrel rates,
which are well-nigh prohibitive, were
levied, there was a grand kick.
The matter was brought before the
Florida railroad commissioners last
summer. A conference of all the
traffic men of the big Southern roads
resulted in a reduction averaging
33 1-3 per cent. upon the shipments in
question from the rates which were
charged during the past two shipping
seasons. This enabled the Florida
truckers to continue shipping their
egg plants, etc., in orange boxes,
which has been found to be the best
and most convenient package in
which to ship them, and at a rate


wtwhich would leave them a reasonable
es in hand. There were no longer any which wouldd leave the a sonabe
oranges to be put in these boxes, so Trade Journal.


bors for the purpose of melon growing. growers turned their attention to other An exchange says: In the future
I crops. Most of them began truck items will appear something like this:
8aid to be Alum Poisoning. farming, and some of the principal ar- A brainless man on a chainless wheel
The poisoning of the Thomas family tides grown were egg plant and was knocked down this morning by a
of Thomas' Mill, Sumeraet Co., four squash. Before the big freeze these horseless carriage. He was senseless
members of which were reported to articles had been shipped in what is and nameless, and was removed to the
have boe mad* dangereouly ill by the i kaw as the standard vegetable peek- home for the fraid4mi.


THE NEW SEED LAW.
ApDroved May 2, h1 make. it unlawfl for
any person to sell or offer for sale any rEm,
Melon or Vegetable Seed unless the ame we
in packages bearing on the outside in plia
letters a guarantee certificate of wha whe
and by whom the seed were grown.
Penalty not less than W, nor aon tha
$100 fine.
J. B. Sutton, Sedsman, Oasls, Fla. sRll
seed under his trade-mark, as above, berin
the certificate required by law; besides all
seeds are tested and the certificate beam date
of test and percentage of rminaion. Sead
to him for price liiet. WhoeIe ad 141.

SThe Practical
AND SIMPLE
BARBED WIRE
FENCE MUIHJX.
V. SMELZ,
Sylvan Lake, Fla.

In Siberia there Is a good custom
that a bride, on coming to her hus-
band's house, has to give a dinner pre-
pared by her own hands as a test of
the education she has received. If she
succeeds in gratifying her guests, it is
taken as a proof not only of the
young woman's own excellence, but al-
so as a recommendation of her whole
family, by whom she was instr1e1ad.


m






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


A 'FRISCO CHARMER.

By'Anna Bisbard.
The sun had dropped behind the
mountains, leaving a great splash of
red light fading away In the sky, as
the stage pulled over the stony road
and pulled up before the Palace Ho-
tel.
"Angel Glkch" was "booming" in the
full Western acceptation of the term.
It was pay day and a great crowd of
noisy miners stood staring, in wide-
eyed amazement, as the solitary pis-
senger emerged froi the door of the
stage and entered the hotel.
A woman in the gulch was a rarity,
and such a one as this a nine days'
wonder. As she passed between the
row of rough men, who stepped aside
to give her room, she gave a modest,
fleeting glance, then her eyes were
down drooped, while the tint of the
wild rose shone in her cheeks.
The Palace Hotel had very poor ac-
commodations-for a lady boarder, but
she was assigned to the very best
room, with the least splinters on the
luncheon floor. Mine host was a
short, thick set man, with a bushy
head and coarse red nose, but he was
the hero of the hour. As he returned
to the "bar" I.e was met by an eager
crowd, who closed in around him as
he opened the torn, dirty book he
called a register. He smoothed out
the wrinkled pages with his big list.
then he picked up a rusty stub pen,
felt of its point, wet it between his
lips, hesitated as if in uncertainty,
Jabbed It Into the Ink bottle. As lhe
held it poised in mid air, a great drop
of ink splashed upon the book, lie
wiped it up with his tongue, then lihe
got down with his face close to the
page, and with the same unnecessary
flourishes, finally wrote the following:
"Miss' Minnie Ward, San Francisco.
Cal."
"Snake River Joe," who had been
watching his motions, began to sing.
"I've a secret in my heart, Sweet Mn-
rie."
The next day they had the divine
pleasure of meeting the graceful creat-
ure at the table, and all pronounced
her a nugget, a genuine through and
through nugget, all ore and no clay.
She had that modest droop in her eyes
which adds to the charm of a beauti-
ful woman.
"Santa Fe Dick," a miner who had
struck it rich over in the "Holy 1os-
es," and was living in high style at
the hotel was, ere many hours passed,
her cavalier, her royal defender, and
doing his best to entertain the young
lady, who informed him, after some
hesitation, that she was on a very deli-
cate errand-coming to Gulch on im-
portant business connected with a
large banking house in San Francisco.
"I an frightened at my own temer-
ity In undertaking such an errand, but
I feel you will assist me all you can.
It seems to me I can trust in you, and
I am tempted to make a confident of
you." she said, with the wild-rose tint
glowa in her cheeks.
He assured her she could place all
confidence In him; he would assist her
to the limit of his ability.
"My uncle-who has been as a fath-
er to me. In my loneliness-asked me
to undertake this business; could I re-
fuse him? No, no! But I assure you I
came here with fear and trembling, I
was so dreadfully frightened. But
since I have found you I feel safe,"


she said, laying one dainty hand upon
his arm.
Hiis heart went thump, thump,
1liulp as if lie felt the delicate touch.
"I must go home by the first stage,
and in the morning I shall trespass up-
on your kindness a little more by ask-
iig you to take me to Jacobs and
Earl; they do a banking business, I
believe," she said.
Now this was as honey in the ears
of the infatuated Dick, who tom her
he would do anything for her and pro-
tect her with his life, if need be. Then
they parted for the night. Dick made
a careful toilet early In the morning.
While he was thus engaged he ponder-
ed over many things; he was rich, was
,:mplly alle to support a wife in good
style, and this "stranger within the
gates" was the one being in all the
world for him. He wondered how ev-
er he lived before he knew her, and
his heart throbbed as lie heard her
dainty footsteps moving about the
room.
Soon after the sun had struggled
above the mountains, Miss Ward made
her appearance, dressed for the street.
Dick met her and together they walk-
ed along the uneven, peouly road lead-
ing to the firm of Jacobs and Earl. As
it had just been pay day the miners
were mostly in a half-intoxicated con-
dition, and "Texas Pete" has started
out to make a record for himself. He
had been imbibing freely, and as he
carriedd :a brace of six-shooters he was
i'rivl wide berth by the people who
had any ambition to live to a good old
age. They had seen Pete before
"shooting up the town," and knew
it was his method of informing the
folks that he was a "chronic bum," a
"holy terror," that he was running
things to his own taste, and was going
to paint the town carmine.
Miss Ward grasped Dick's arm and
trcmblingly said:
"I ain .so frightened at those men!
How I wish I was home with dear old
uncle!"
"You need not fear. Miss Ward,"
said Dick, reassuring her. 'N'o man in
the diggins would harm a lady."
"i ami glad you give me courage,"
-lThe smiled. "But it is hard to be
:iloin in a mining camp. If I get this
thing off my mind, uncle can get some
more courageous person to transact
his business. I'll never do such a per-
ilous thing again."
"Now. Miss Ward," said Dick. as
they aplproac'ild a one-ntorv. rough
plank building, "this is Jacob and
Earl's."
She smiled up at him--an angelic
sinile-ind asking him to wait outside,
as she would not be long, went In,
chlins the door behind her.
Now although Dick felt as though
the doors of paradise had closed upon
a peri, leaving him desolate and for-
lorn. he leaned against the rough wall,
and fell to humming an old love tune.
It was not many moments before he
heard the door creak on its hinges,
;nd the man inside saying as he held
the door open:-
"Yes, Miss Ward, I have done con-
siderable business with your uncle,
and I feel certain it Is all fair and
square. Wish you a pleasant journey
home. Good morning."
Again the lady stood before hom,
smiling adorably.
"Now if you will be kind enough to
escort me to the hotel, I will not tres-
(Continued on Page 53.)


DOCTORS USE PE-IU-NA.


DL I. W. PKENU, HEWAMK, OHIU.
NEwARK, OHIO. words, I prescribed Pe-ru-na for all cae
8. B. Hartman, M. D., Columbus, 0.: of eatarrhal diseases. I believe you re
It is now seventeen years since I re- right in classing all irritations and in-
oeived the first edition of your book flammations of the internal organs a
entitled "The Illsof Life." I received catarrh. Ca-
it In the evening mail, and before I tarrh mans
retired I read and pondered over every irritation and
word in the book. I was greatly im- inflamma-
presed with your candor and sincerity. tion of some
The book left no doubt in my mind as to 'mucous sur-
the remarkable virtues of your Pe-ru-na. face, and also
It was because of this impression that I S that such irti
resolved I would test your assertions, station and in-
and test them in a way that could leave lammation
no doubt. are caused
I began prescribing Pe-ru-na, as ree- either by tak-
ommended in your book, and prescribed ng cold, or by
it precisely as you directed. As you Dr. J.W. Egbert of Neo- some local
know, the prevailing diseases are in- sho M choo. s a r e do cause.
three; =O '- of medi-
flammations or irritations of the inter- cine, uses Pe-runa in I see that
nal organs of the body, either of the pratirest you generthly
gratifying results, you generally
head, the throat, use a portrait
the lungs, bowels, when you publish a certificate, and as I
etc. I prescribed have just had some pictures taken, I
it hundreds of encloseyonone. Youcan use it and this
times for these letter, one, or both, just as you wish, if
diseases during you think it will promote the use of
S. all the following Pe-ru-na. If you would like special
seventeen years, eases that I have treated wfth Pe-ru-n-a
and I have never I can give you hundreds of them.
lost a single case Very truly yours, Dr.J.W. Pence.
S during all this A. W. Perrin, M. D. S., 9%) Halsey
time, although I street, Brooklyn, N. Y, in a recent let-
D. P. ehnrt, D.,have often related ter to Dr. Hartman
of Nebhrxsa city, this to my medical says the following: WCs "-
Mo., pr.i Pe- associates, who at "I am using your
rn-nit -ry da. first expressed Pe-ru-na myself,
their tioubts, and sometimes very em- andamrecommend-
phatically, butafter Ihad treated a large ing it to my pa-
number of case that had been given up, tients in all cases
and cured them, they began to believe of catarrh, and fnd
what I said. it to be more than
I rely so wholly upon Pe-ru-na in you represent. Pe-
very disease that affects the mucous ru-na can be had
membranes lining the internal organs, now of all druggists
that I never for a moment think of pre- in this section; atA. W. Perrin, M. D.
scribing anything else. Binee using Pe- the time I began using it, it was un-
ru-na, I have never had a patient die known."
from inflammation of the lungs, bladder, Send for winter catarrh book. Ad-
boweis,stomach or kidneys. Every case dress The Pe-ru-na Medicine Co. Colum-
recovered in a very short time. In other bus, Ohio.


Fort Myers Oranges.-The orange grape fruit averaged $5.00 per box on
and grape fruit shipments from Ft. the trees, it is safe to say that the crop
Myers this season have reached 30,000 from the Caloosahatchee and Orange
boxes. The oranges brought $1.90 to Rivers this season brought the grow-
$2.00 per box on the trees, and the ers $t0,000.-Ft. Myere Press.






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 53

(Continued from Page 52.) chorus of voices sang, "I've a Necret D NO M ON EY na S ut
pass upon your generosity farther. I Heart sweet Mare!"
am giving you a world of trouble, All day the men caroused, the ioun- a u
though," she said. as they sauntered tains, re-echoing with wild- screeches am reNU w' wa
along, and obscene songs, but Dick wii not ss 1i .
among them. He kept his room, anld *or ee ew."
But Dick's feet were on the clouds, "'Sn em r Joe' si heis roos, rettyd aTT 'IA own home, ad
nd he K asurei wrer many tims oIver,"nake River Joe" said he was pretty m y7o t
that all he had done for her was the I hard hit for a old mackerel like in; SUl, OH Vmti S2 BTIaOb CJta
pleasure to him. the lady was a hummer, he admitted, tSau"tittuO3Jv IYo i0
greatest pleasurehere was the sense of going o WARE OF IMITATIONS S| o


the (lumps, all for a pair of eyes and vr a nduemat ,,
roselike cheeks when there wvas a 'hot THE BURDI
time in the old town?" -mWn ilAu
That evening abOUt twilligt, a mUIan
came dashing up to the hotel, and
reining in his foam covered horse.
yelled out,-
"Hello in there! You yahoos. -onne
out here quick" There was a wild j
scramble of feet, and a deluge of j
greasy cards upon the floor, as they all il
headed for the door. "Was there I
woman here last night?" he question-
eds" sa o a h d cs
"Yes," sang out a half dozen voices Adkr,


"Well. I got along nicely, far better
than I expected. Mr. *Earl was so
good to me. You see I had some gold
notes -sonm twenty-five hundred dol-
larre. in my satchel; uncle is a banker
in old 'Frisco, and he wanted to send
the money to their firm. It was some
kind of a contract, I think, but really
I don't understand banking business
at all. The express runs only once a
fortnight, and he so wanted to get
them here to-day. Oh. he promised me
a wonderful present if I would trans-
act this for him, but really my fears
were all groundless; I came through
safely, and found you here to assist
me so kindly. It seems as If Provi-
dence raised up a friend for me. How
can I ever, ever repay you?" she said.
the wild rose in her cheeks coming
and going becomingly.
"Don't ever mention it as,an obliga-
tion; I assure you, Miss Ward, it was
a pleasure to me to serve you," :
the infatuated fellow.
"Thank you so much! If I can do
anything in return for your kindness,
let me know," she replied.
")Well, Miss Ward, if it ain't too
much to ask, I've been wanting to
send some money to Frisco this long
time. You see I've struck pay dirt
over in the Holy Moses, and I do con-
siderable banking myself. Would you
4"Ii m*ttnhav er taon.r 111nole's bankL


keep mum." Looking straight at old o9.75 BOX RAIN COAT
Dick, he said, "I'm not a mind reader, A 3 WAts..T 9 Oq
but I bet a guinea she got some of M f cWTo b qt.75
SEND UONE O mT tos
your dust, for you have the look of .I. .nd. t ..
man who has staked his pile on the w nder~ ats tam an
wrong hoss."-Waverly Magazine. eiu.., su h.int by.eAxS
.. amine and tit caLt uos __


It's Like Play


to keep the silverware bright
-'he (laswawre sparkling, the
bicycle lustrous, the ulano
c5ase shiny and every polishable
thing at top notch of lbrilliaucy
nn- thait it i otuihliu


for me?" "Been fleecin' banks in Frisco, and
"Yes, I will, because you have made working' all the minin' towns. Theres3 T Us
ca right smart bounty on her yeller
me your debtor a hundred times over. head, I can te ounty on hr yalr WITCH KLOTH
But was just congratulating myself head, I can tell you, and I'm anxious
upon being free from all care, and to make her acquaintance. She's the Nothing but a simple cloth as
ready to take it esy on the way home. slickest one that ever worked the Pa- fa'o as you an siee, bt th
I do want to repay you, though, and i slope; a confidence woman of the magic of its touch removes tar-
will undertake It-but it is a perilous most accompsheish and i tsmuchinesmas aa damp
errand. What if the stage gets held do for you fellers?" rag removes dust. 15 cents a
up, and I should lose it?" said she in "Well, she set a good many hearts sheet.. . . . .
her most winning tones, as she held a-thumplii'. for one thing, but I don't
his arm with a hold that send his think she tried any game here. 'Santa Doll
thoughts heavenward. Fe Dick' thar, he was her confidant;
"No one would molest a lady like you can ask him," said the landlord. Slippers.
yo; the worst ro agent, after one running his fingers through his bushy ,Vithout a Ipnny to pay. Evet'y
you; the worst reed agent, after one hIair.
look into your eyes, would never beI i little girl whose mother now or
guilty of asking you to 'hand over.'" ick heard hut sait nothing. in the future, uses Witchkloth
he said, gazing upon the dainty creat- "She bled you, I bet a guinea. I jest; can get a pair of beautiful slip-
ure with the look of the pagan for his judge from your make up," said the de- pers made to fit her dolly. .
diety. tective, smiling. 'CHEIIICAL SPECIALTY CO.,
"Oh, but I should die of a broken "I showed her up to Jacob and Philadelphia, I'a.
heart, if I, In any way, happened to Earl's; she had business to do with
loose something belonging to another them, that's all I know about her," down K
-I could never live over it, n-e-v-e-r!" Dick replied, his spirits drooping down .


she said, her voice breaking into a
quiver. "Still, I will not hesitate to
do my best," she said softly, as they
parted at the hotel door.
Two hours afterward, the stage
came in, and as Miss Ward stepped in-
side, carrying the satchel containing
Dick's money, she said:
"I shall explain matters to uncle;
he will understand about it. If you
ever come to Frisco call at the bank;
uncle will bring you up to see me.
Good-bye; you are the best fellow in
Angel Gulch."
She held out one dainty gloved hand
for himi to Drees, which he did. and


to zero.
The officer rushed up to Jacobs and
Earl's. Yes, a lady had been there,
and drew one hundred dollars. She
had a check endorsed by her uncle,
one of the leading bankers of San
Francisco.
"That's an old dodge of hers. She's
no more relation to that old man than
I am," said the detective.
The banker grew pale.
"I supposed she was all right. You
must be mistaken; she is a young. In-
nocent-looking thing," he said.
"That's the rub. She can just fleece
the shrewdest coon in Nevada. She


touched his lips to it reverently. The lias a modest. childlike way that con-
whip cracked and the broncos sped quel s all before her. She got into you
away, and the stage was soon lost in all right, and if she done for any of
view behind the mountains, while : those old yahoos it's just as well to


* Spades
are

b Trumps
When they help in the
growing of Johnson &
Stokes seeds. There's
pleasure il the Bowing,
pleasure in the growing,
pleasure In the reaping.*
Our new century
Garden and

Farm Manual
shows the results attained
by others-eowS what yon
can do. No exaggeration.
Handsome photorphie 11
Ilustrattona, Yoour. FBEN
fortheasking. Writ to-day.
JiUrNsoN a ST1KE,
21, -41 si market ft.,
Palmndelphia, Pa.


in concert.
"Young thing with yaller hair and
pink cheeks?"
"Yes, yes, and a doggoned pretty
puss she was, too," said the landlord-
who was a gone case himself.
"\\ hen'd she leave?"
"At noon," came the answer.
What'd you want of her?"
"Want to present her with these,"
he said grimly, holding up a pair of
steel handcuffs. "I've been pretty close
on her heels this good while, but she
doubles on me like a hare, and now
she has took the back track angain
Story........ .............
anld give me the slip."
"Vlhat's she been a-doin'?" inquired
the host.


EARS. ROEBUCK & Co. ( lnc) CHIAAQM
ps.m aeACs s-te amm- -t "'
I We offer an excellent stock of Citrus trees,
Orange, Lemon, Pomelo
E Kumquat, Mandari n a
', etc., on various stocks.
1' all sizes and low rates.
i/ Send for new lit just
l ; prepared.
|l Remember we are
a headquarters in th
S // South for Palms, Bam-
Sboos, Ferns, Decorative
and Ornamental plants
0 of all sorts. Catalogue
free. REASONER BROS., Oneco, Fla.


e.98 wnyA 3.50I a
OAT AIS UK, BNKurL.A 1 A Tr 1.0
ICE U]3 FAil CT3 AT 1.6.a
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nd to us-. S large or small forage and we wlsMdyu
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sent free on appliction. Address
EARS, ROBUK & CO. (I.), Chlca, IIL
(n..n i.|>.| > T. IT trr u adtj -->'* N"" .)
CoJ are o1s0 YEAR9








r r~~"nDEr.IGNs
"RCOPYRVR( HTS &C.
Anrone srnding a sketch and desci *-on ima
qJl'ikly ascertain our opinion free s icLher ab
ilnvtiltion Is probably pntentable. (-rmounlca
aoias st rictly confidential. Handbook cl Patenta
,c(it tree. Oldest %aency for securing DLtnentA.
Pal'tiuts taken through Munn & Co. receive
r1e cial notice. without charge, in the;

S3 etiol d mner.t .
A handsomely Illustrated weekly. Isreest cir.
culation of any scientific journal. Terns. t3 a
Fear: four months, fl. Sold ball newsdealers.
MUNE Coa 381r MNew Ytrk
Ibaneh OCme. 5 FBt. Wasstt ron. D.






** THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


PM AND 0880381. '

Lady Delamere is the beautiful
young English society woman who is
now in the heart of Africa with her
husband shooting, or trying to shoot,
lions. Lord Delamere, who is still a
young man and was married but a
year ago, is well known to be an in-
trepid lion hunter, and has already
made three trips into the interior of
the dark continent after big game.
His present expedition began at Bom-
basa some time ago, and it will be
some months before the lion hunter
and his fair companion will be heard
of by their friends.

The first test of automobiles for post-
office service la Chicago was made
in a district which comprised a terri-
tory of Hyde Park, and Kenwood,
and the work accomplished by the
horselen carriage proved satisfactory.
Two routes, for which it requires two
wagons an hour each were covered in
58 minutes, or two minutes less than
schedule time for double the service.
The test was made under the supervis-
ion of H. 0. 8egtr, who holds the con-
tract for mail collection for the South
Side. Mr. Segar followed the automo-
bile in a buggy, and it kept his horse
pretty busy during the trip. The ter-
ritory covered was from the lake to
Calumet avenue and from Forty-
sixth to Forty-ninth street. The
first box collected from was at Forty-
sixth street and Cottage Grove aven-
ue. Then forty-hfne boxes were emp-
tied, each in turn. The start was made
at 9:30 o'clock in the morning, and at
10:28 the mail was transferred into
the mail car attached to a Cottage
Grove Avenue cable train at Forty-
seventh street.

A man tried to drown himself in the
North river by Jumping off a ferry-
boat. Unfortunately for his purpose,
he wore a cork leg, and the leg not on-
ly refused to sink, but kept the would-
be suicide so far out of the water that
he could not drown. He was very
much disgusted, particularly when he
found himself under arrest in Jersey
City on a charge of disorderly conduct.
Suicide is not a punishable offense in
Jersey City. Had he tried to drown
himself in New York waters, he would
have found himself in much worse
plight as regards the law.-New York
World.

The Chicago News gives a part
explanation of the poor receipts during
the recent season of grand opera in
that city, by saying that "while New
York has a paid up subscription of
$35,000 wherewith to cheer Mr. Grau
and his company, it may be mentioned
that sixty of these subscriptions are
by wealthy Chicagolans, who did not
buy boxes for the Auditorium perform-
ances." This excuse may be a salve
to the wounded feelings of The News,
but does it not reflect a little on the
boasted public spirit of Chicagoans
and on the social and artistic standing
of their city, when the wealthiest
among them use Chicago merely as a
shop to make money in, while they
prefer to spend it in New York.

Far more beautiful and significant
than our own is the custom of the Jap-
anese in the launching of their ships.
They Use no wine, They hang over the
ship's prow a large paste-board cage
full of birds, and the moment the ship
s aeat a man pulls a string, when


the cage opens and the. birds fy away,
making the air alive with music and
the whirr of wings. The idea is that
the birds thus welcome the ship as she
begins her career as a thing of life.

With the permission of the Turkish
Government some Greeks recently un-
dertook to search through the hulks
of the Turkia fleet near Chios, which
were lost in the naval battle with the
Russians in 1770. The divers have
been lucky, and in spite of the fact
that they were compelled to divide
the spoils with Turkey, the venture
will be profitable for them. In thirty
fathoms of water they found the Rus-
sian ship which sunk the Turkish
fleet. This ship contained great quan-
tities of gold and silver. About $60,-
000 already has been secured. Yet it
is stated that the wreck contains much
more of value. A Turkish vessel is
anchored there, and every article of
value brought to the surface is exam-
ined to determine its value. Besides
the great quantities of coins, there
were found gold and silver crosses,
Jewels, weapons and the binding cov-
ers of a large book, made throughout
of gold and studded with precious
stones.

The late W. H. Vanderbilt's collec-
tion of pictures remains practically in-
tact, and, although not often referred
to nowadays, is one of the most valua-
ble private collections in the metropo-
lis. It occupies a gallery in the resi-
dence of his widow, Fifth avenue and
Fifty-first street, and is particularly
rich in examples of Melssonier and
Millet, which includes the former's
portrait of Mr. Vanderbilt, and his
"Le Renseignement," considered by
'he painter his finest canvas. There are
no less than eight pictures by Millet,
one of which is the famous "Sower."
It Is probably not too much to say
that every work in the collection is
worth more to-day than when it was
bought.
Trees and plants have their regular
times for going to sleep as well as
boys and girls. They need the same
chance to rest from the work of grow-
ing and to repair and oil the machin-
ery of life. Some plants do all their
sleeping in the winter while the
ground is frozen and the limbs are
bare of leaves. In tropical countries
where the snow never falls and it is
always growing weather, the trees re-
pose during the rainy season or dur-
ing the periods of drought. They al-
ways choose the most unfavorable
working time for doing their sleep.
just as a man chooses the night, when
he cannot see to work.
The common and old-fashioned Idea
is that the tints of autumn foliage
are caused by frost. Stated briefly
the causes are these: The green mat-
ter in the tissue of a leaf is composed
of two colors, red and blue. When the
sap ceases to flow in the autumn and
the natural growth of the tree ceases,
oxidation of the tissue takes place.
Under certain conditions the green leaf
changes to red;under different condi-
tions it takes on a yellow or brown
tint-due to the different in combina-
clon of the original constituents of the
green tissue, and to the varying condi-
tions of climate, exposure, and soil.
A dry climate produces more brilliant
foliage than one that is damp and
warm. This is the reason that our
American autumns are so much more
gorgeous than theme r England.


There are no public schools in Chi-
na, and all instruction has to be by pri-
vate tutor, yet there are few young
men there who do not get at least two
years of schooling. The young women
do not, as a rule, take schooling, as
they are to pass their lives in the home
and about household duties, and they
do not need it. There are few people
there so poor that they cannot give
their children some little, instruction.
The studies are almost entirely con-
fined to Confucius. He did everything
for China, while Buddhism did quite
the reverse.-Minneapolis Tribune.

The western boast that every man's
house is his castle is as nothing to the
sanctity of the eastern harem. No of-
ficer of the law may enter a harem,
and therefore there is no safeguard
for the life and liberty of its inhabi-
tants. One day they may be slaves,
the next princesses and the next
strangled or poisoned. An ill disposed
man could carry off an enemy to his
harem and kill him, and none would
be the wiser.

AT THE ZOO.
The Catamount-What's the matter?
You look sick.
The Polar Bear-Yes, I think I need
heroic treatment.-New York Press.















Do you tak cold with
every change in the
weatherP Does your throat
feel raw? And do sharp
pais dart through your
chest?
Don't you know these are
danger signals which point
to pmnemols, bronchitis, or
consumption Itslf?
If you are along and have
ost flesh lately, they are
certainly danger signals. The
question for you to decide s,
"Have I the vitality to throw
off thee diseases?"
Don't walt to try SCOTIS
EMULSION as a last re-
sort." Thee is o remedy
equal to it for fortifying the
system. Prevention is easy.

Scott's

Emulsion
prevents conumption and
hosts of other essese which
attack the weak and those
with poor blood.
SCOTT'S EMULSION Is
the one standard remedy for
Inflamed threats and lungs,
for colds, bronchitis and con-
smptls. It s a food medl-
dcae f tM rltale* power. A
food, because it nourishes the
body; and a medicine, be.
case it corrects diseased
conditions.
.a.. andl .la .al dmigts
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists, New York


'A New Book For Men

Special Arragements Whereby a Free
Coy Can Be Obtaried by Every
Reader of This Paper.
For weeks the prs
have been busy turni
out the enormous et
Ion of Dr. J. Newton
Hathaway's new book-
: - "Manllness. Vigor,
Health"-neesary to
satisfy the puol de-
mand. Dr. Hathaway
p has reserved a limited
number of these books,
andthesehehasspecially
arranged to send free by
mail tc ali readers of this
=aner who send names
n ful address to him
For 20 years Dr. Hathaway has confined his
practice almost exclusively to diseases of men;
and during that time he has restored more men
to health, vigor, usefulness and happiness than
any ten other doctors in the country combined.
Dr. Hathaway treats and cures by a method
entirely his own discovered and perfected
himself and usea exclusively by im. Los
Vitality, Varicocele, Stricture, Blood Poi oning
in its dfferet stages, Rheumatism Weak Back
all manner of urinary complaints Ulcers Sores
and Skin Diseases, Brights Dseaseand al forms
of Kidney Troubles. His treatment for under.
toned men restores lost vitality and mak te
patient a strong, well. vigorous man.
Dr. Hathaway's success in the treatment of
Varicocele and Stricture without the aid of hd
or cautery is phenomenal. The patient s tret
d by this method at his own home without
or loss of time from business. This i po
the only treatment which cures without an o
action. Dr. Hathaway calls the particular atn-
ion of sufferers from Varicocele and Stricture to
pages 27. 28, 29, 30 and 31 of his new book.
Every case taken by Dr. Hathaway is seal
treated according to its nature, all under hisg90
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him are prepared from theprestand best Inb
his own laboratories under his personal oversight
Dr. Hathaway makes no charge for onsulta
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when a case is taken he one low tee covers al
cost of medicines and professional services.
Dr. Hathaway always prefers, when it Is pomi
ble, to have his patients call on him for ateat
one interview, but this is not essential, as he has
cured scores of thousands of patients in al se
tions of the world whom he has never seen. His
system of Home Treatment Is so perfected hat
he can bring about a cure as surely aud speedily
as though the patient called daily at his olle
J. NEWTON ATHA WAY V. &D
Dr. Hathawar Co,
s Bryan Street, eavamnua, 4s
MuNTsON THIS PAPER WHINK WRITING

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wasting diseases, all effects of self.
abuse, or excess and india
creation. Aneretonic and
blood builder. Brings the
pink glow to pale cheeks and
restores the fire of youth.
By mail f5 c per box; 6 boxes
for 2.0; with a written guaran-
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NERVITA MEDICAL CO.
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PAC
iiinnmss.meIli

EITHER THE FARMER
PAnds a ogardlan or the PamCe ea.slI a sma m.
Over MBm are noIw aing If and ealngl for mo.e,
PAGE WuoVE WIlE V'ICK






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. K


fLOBAI DUPALRT]iNT.

Address all communications to the
editor, W. 0. Steele, Switzerland. Fla.

Buy Sieed Now.
The seedmen's catalogues are begin-
ning to come to hand.
By the time this paper reaches our
readers, it will be time to begin plan-
ning for spring planting. In fact many
varieties ought to be planted as soon
as possible now.
In another column we publish some
items on growing plants from seeds.
The writer dwells specially on his or
her success with Coleus. Everyone
admires them and they thrive like
weeds in Florida. We grew a few
plants from seed last year and some
of them were remarkably fine. But
there are many others much more ex-
pensive than Coleus that may be
grown very well from seed and very
much cheaper than buying plants,
Among them are Abutilons, Hibis-
cus, Gloxinias and many others too
numerous to enumerate.
A little experience in this line will
almost surely give any lover of flow-
ers more pleasure than ten times the
amount of money spent for plants.
Next week we will try to give some di-
rections for planting the seeds.

Plants from Seeds.
A correspondent of Success .sit.,
Flowers, writes as follows on t'is
subject:
There are many kinds of plants that
the amateur could start very easily
from seed, whereas it they must buy
each individual plant their purse i.s so
shrunken that they can only have a
few. If the same amount of money is
used to buy seeds there will be plants
by the hundreds instead of only three
or four. As a sample of what one can
do with one packet of seeds, I'll tell
you of mine. I put half of my packet
of Coleus seed in the ground this
spring and got seventy-five plants. On-
ly five of them are duplicates of anoth-
er variety in the lot. So you see I
have sixty-five different kinds from
one-half packet of seeds. It is the
same with other varieties. One has no
need of so many plants unless there is
room for them out in the yard or gar-
den. It is my aim In these few arti-
cles to name the kinds best adapted to
the care given by an amateur, and
give general directions for sowing the
seed and care of the plants from my
own experience, which extends up-
ward of twenty years, and have been
a looker-on while others cultivated
many yars.
In the firat place one should always
get good seeds as the Iest is none too
good, and costs no more than the in-
ferior seed. The seeds of the Coleos.
Geraniums, Carnations, Primulas, He-
lotrope, Begonias, Palms and others,
can just as well be started from seed
as not. Some will germinate much
slower than others, but one should not
lose patience in waiting, for it the
laws of nature are worked out your
patience wil surely be rewarded
sooner or later by seeing the life of
the dormant seed spring into a won-
derful plant of beauty.


have the plants come through the
mail), you must either send for them
early in the spring or in the fall, for
the simple reason chev do not do so
well if sent during the scorching sum-
mer days, and are liable to freeze in
the colder days of winter. Besides this
I think it is such fun to watch the
seedlings while they emerge from
their prison-like shed to actual life and
beauty.
My first epistle to the amateur flow-
er grower will have for a text "Coleus
of a mixed variety." Everybody loves
these beautiful plants, and many of
the landscape views would look decid-
edly dull it it were not for these fam-
ous old favorites. It seems to me that
they grow more popular every day,
and they certainly are not losing any
of their colors.

Growing Geraniums From Seed.
Since writing our editorial on seeds
and preparing the article on plants
from seeds, we have found the fol-
lowing in the Mayflower, which
comes right in line with the others:
A few years ago I helped an invalid
friend to arrange her Geranium bed,
,and I was quite surprised at the num-
ber of Jean Sisleys in her collection.
In answer to my question she said she
raised them all from home grown
seed. Some were like the original and
some brighter, more intense in color
than even that brilliant variety. One
in particular was larger in flower and
brighter in color than the others, and
we named it "Brightness." I think in
bedding Geraniums that are so bright
one should be very careful not to put
another shade of red near them or the
effect is spoiled.
My friend grows her seedlings in
boxes in the house. As she sat in her
easy chair, and used hoe or trowel,
she told me of her long desire to plant
and cultivate her flowers herself. so
her brother had prepared a raised bed
on the beautiful grass of the yard so
she could sit and work to her heart's
content. She is remarkably successful
with Geraniums, and the long window
at her bedside usually has three shelv-
es full of them in winter, and how
they bloom! Of course she studies tlhe
Mayflower, and uses Excelsior ferti-
lizer, and she is sure they both pay.
As we dug and planted and watered,
the thought came to me that perhaps
the success of this woman, confined
always to her bed ana invalid chair,
and unable to rise from that chair to
take a step without assistance, might
give help or courage to some other
tired, busy women who are trying to
grow flowers under difflelties. Her
helper is a little nephew who is almost
as fond of the flowers as she is her-
self.
Geranium seed may be purchased
from the florists, and a single packet
of seed of mixed varieties will give
one quite a nice collection of plants;
and among the number may be one or
more entirely new and of special mer-
it.
Experiments.
Under this title we find in Success
With Flowers an article on growing
house plants from seeds. Though
rather long it is so exactly in line with


florist came in to beg some cuttings of pWIW hundred bushels
rare plants, and remarked that he was 1
raising Abutllons, Roses and Cycla- of' Potatoes remove
men from seeds, adding: "But, of
course, you could not do that without eighty pounds of "actual" Po
a regular greenhouse." His superior ash from the soil. One thou-
tone aroused my ambition, I formed
a silent resolution to do likewise, or, sand pounds of a fertilizer con-
well, not exactly, "die in the attempt," t 8 "actual" Potash
but something almost as bad, to suc- actual" P
ceed or never raise another plant will supply just the amount
In order to make my test more equal needed. If there is a do-
I sent for seeds of Abutilons, Roses
and Cyclamen from the very same ficiency of Potash, there will be
firm his came from. In a week they
arrived and then I commenced opera- a falling-off in the crop.
tions. We have some valuable
To begin with, a shelf was put up in
the window at the head of a flight of books telling about compos-
stairs, so the heat ascending through tion, use and value of fertilizers
the hall, struck beneath the shelf.
In shallow boxes fine rich soil had for various crops. They ar
been prepared and had been warming sent free.
on that same shelf for several diay-. GERMAN KALI WORKS,
So the day after their reception, my 93 Nassu St., New Yo.
precious seeds were consigned to their
earthly bed.
The Abutilons I poured hot water Eureka Harees Oil is the best
preservativ,. of now leather
over, pouring it off at once and plant- the eat renovator, of old
ng the warmed seeds. leather. Itol softens, black-
Inng the warmed seeds. nand protects. Use
The Roses went in, in their natural
state, but the Cyclamen were heate-1 -E r
for an hour. The roses came up first:
it was just thirteen days before t he Oil
first one came, and then in a week H arnes Oil
there were fifteen (had eighteen e. and our rriage o and the
seed), so was quite content with the ill not ony 1ook better but wer
i: lonfr. Soldeverywherein cans--iA
fifteen sprouts. : iz frolu half pints to five gall oni
S Made by *TABDAi" OIL t.
Twice a week the Abutilons nn l
Cyclamen were watered with hot 'va- i -
ter, and at last, on the twenty-fourth
day, a sprout showed in the former -...e ,._ m A u Ifr


row.
Others followed rapidly, until fonm
twenty seeds there were sixt- .n1
plants. But those Cyclamen-dear,
how slow they were!-Just nine weeke
before they showed a sign of life, and
then. lo: one morning, there were fliv
odd little brown things coming through
the soil, and nine of one and ten of
the other dozen seeds germinated, for
I had two kinds of Cyclamen.
As soon as the Roses and Abutilon<
iad four leaves they were carefully
potted in leaf mold in two-inch pots.
The pots were set in an old pan and
fine sand poured in between until it
reached the tops of the pots and pan.
This was done for two reasons-con-
venience in moving around and to pre-
vent the soil in the tiny pots drying
out too fast.
The pan was set in the same place
on the shelf that the seed box had oc-
cupied, and fte sun warmed those ba-
bies until we could almost see them
grow.
Two weeks after potting, a half teas-
poonful of fine manure was very care-
fully dug In close to the edge of each
tiny pot and mixed under the soil. The
Abutilons grew slower than the Roses
but l.ept steadily at it. As soon as the
eighth leaves were of good size, the
top of each plant was nipped out, in
order to encourage side branches to
start, which they began to do a week
after the nipping.
The Roses were allowed to grow to
suit themselves, aad they soon made
compact, bushy little plants without
any training.


iHUSSI t, 0 Y 2 ,o ANU ur



65c.
are an elwu the ,e - l s
the price charged by other. and Wf
.j4RAmr[E TO IT T8J PERMIT. Say aan
arhiefr et.uwre bS lanir .r TF or our t
,orkl zlver.:iOe inaIUo Tru., illuzranted alo, cut th
ad. out and send to uwi-.hbl, PRiAb, PErMI d,
stite r .ur nlleit, Weoult, *A, how long you have heb
raptur-', whether rupture isiargeormaill; aso t"*
tunerr inches around the body on lin with te
i upture, say whether rupture is on rivht or ititeM
:..d we wiU send either truss to you with the ndo-
sotading. it I t I. it a Inlt s ld elite ir e
ertll at three times eur prlyou u reorn It id WO
will return your money. hn she
WRITE FOR FREE TRUSS CATALOGUE ,"Pmll.es
orn. s. includingthe X..c s.e Lea Trem p21
h- t e.s rSrt saye, Sa"cd = ie rsl le.*
,l., 8EARS, ROEBUCK & 0. C. IAW


with a green. curled-up little leaf on
the end.
After another month tiny bulbs had
grown, and then each was given a sep-
arate pot. with soil composed of leaf
mould, with one part manure to four
parts leaf-mould.
'Tle other leaves came quickly and
the other bulbs grew visibly larg-
'IP UlUdnl$ "TIl!te I{ae0i0t in
the shape of a teaspoonful of liquid
,manure twice a week.
At two months the soil was enrich-
t h1 anid then the pots were set up on
the window sash, right next to the
glass, and it was soon seen that the
added heat agreed splendidly with the
plump little bulbs.
In watering, care was taken not to
let any water fall on the crown of the
bulbs, as having tried this with one,
we found that the result was a lohs
of the leaves within a few days, and
the whole bulb withered at the end of
------ --'* *w


I ved. ThVYer
The great advantage of sowing seed all our matter this week that we quote I forgot to mention that they were not repotted until the eleventh week
over that of getting plants is this: you it entire : the Multifloras. and then not very much pot bound.
can sow the seed at any time to suit Along about the holidays when my All the time those Cyclamen seeds Too much root room was found un-
yourself so as to have the plants bulbs are in bloom and my plants are were developing the required amount "wie. as the growth went to leaves
blooming when most desired. While flourishing, I always begin to wonder of energy to show their heads above andi the bulb did not increase in size
if you want to buy plants (I am writ- what to do next. It is too soon to ground. When they finally did come for a long whire. So the three inch
ing this article for those who like my- plan spring gardening, so I generally through they were odd-looking things, pots held the bulbs until they bloomed
self, must send off a long distance and experiment. One year ag our town just one fleshy stem a lnch in length (Centinued an pap 9T.)


a wee an never i





/ THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


(Continued frm page 55.)
which the majority did at eleven
months from planting.
To sum up the results of my experi-
ment, compared with that of the flor-
Ist, we each had eighteen rose buds.
He raised thirteen plants and I had
flfteeen.
I had sixteen Abutilon3 from twenty
seeds; the florist and seventeen front
twenty-five seeds. Twelve Cyclamen
bulbs grew from my eighteen seeds.
while from the twenty seed lie had six
Xaa& a pamooiq aulm inu 'uqlnq uaol
aOjm se og tu pus 'siqn UI1 al0l-1a0
in luxuriant bloom at four months of
age, while hs were just Dbuding.
My Abutilons grew finely and the
first blossom opened on the nine-
tieth day from seed planting. The
florist had a dozen in bloom then. Of
my sixteen, I had nine distinct varie-
ties and several were unlike any I had
ever seen.
The Roses ranged from single to
very double, and were red, pink and
white; several shades of each of the
former and each white one marked
with red. They proved hardy and are
now two years of age, all fne plants
and bloom freely all summer.
Altogether I was quite well satisfied
with my experiment, ahd felt fully
satisfied that I need not fear to at-
tempt any feat that florist did.
Since theft I have made other similar
experiments and now have quite a col-
lection of plants raised from seed and
have also crossed several varieties of
Abutilons and Zinnias with fair suc-
eess.
Have found the chief requirements
for successful germination of the so-
called "difficult seeds" to be light soil.
not too rich, bottom heat, judicious
watering. and last but by no means
the least necessity, unlimited patience.
Withl these possessions to start with
adding of course, reliable seeds, it be-
comes possible for the amateur flori-
culturist to achieve results that are
generally considered utterly beyond
the reach of any professional florist,
the reach of any but professional flor-
ists, and the knowledge thus attained,
with the keen enjoyment of success,
fully repays the expenditure of time,
care and money.

THE SICK MADE WELL.
Have you any pain, or ache, or weak-
ness? Does your blood show impuri-
ties? Are you nervous? Do you lack
snap and activity of mind and body?
Are you easily tired? Have you lost
Ambition? Is there any unnatural
drain upon the system? Is every organ
performing its proper function? In oth-
er words: Are you a perfectly strong,
healthy, happy man or woman? If
not, you should not delay one day be-
fore you consult J- Newton Hatha-
way, M. D., 25 Bryan St., Savannah,
Ga.

Going to bed in India is a very dif-
ferent process from going to bed at
home. To begin with, it is a far less
formal process. There is no shutting
the door cutting yourself off from the
outer world, no going up stairs and
finally no getting into bed. You mere-
ly lie down on your bed which with its
bedding, is so simple as to be worth
describing. The bed is a wooden
frame with webbing laced across it,
and each bed has a thin cotton mat-
tress Over this. one sheet is eprend.
and two pillows go to each bed.
That's all.--Scottih American.


HOW'S THIS?
We offer One Hundred Dollars Re-
ward for any case of catarrh that can-
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
I.'. .. 'lheyney Co.. Proprs.. Toledo,
0.
We, the undersigned, have known F.
J. Cheyney for the past 15 years, and
believe him perfectly honorable In all
business transactions and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by their firm.
West & Truax, Wholesale Druggists,
Toledo, Ohio.
Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Whole-
sale Druggists, Toledo, D.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken inter-
nally. acting directly upon the blood,
and mucous surfaces of the system.
Price 75 cents per bottle. Sold by all
druggists. Testimonials free.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.

TO CURE LA GRIPPE IN TWO
DAYS.
Take LAXATIVE BROMO QUIN-
INE TABLETS. All druggists refund
the money if it fails to cure. E. W.
GROVE'S signature on every box. 25
cents. 2


FOR PROFIT AND PLEASURE


BUY ONLY


ORIFFINO'S

Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultry.
HIGHEST QUALITY. LO I N1T PRICEI.
Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,

Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
A SPECIALTY.
All ihe Standard Varieties of Oranz-. T.Pmon antil rape Fruits in
,t,,ck Also n complete assortment of ith Il,-sl vtlrietioe of 'enches, Plums.
.ljpan Persimmnons, Pears, Apples, Mulel,-ies. Figs. Pecans, Grapes. Or-
nninental trees, Roses, etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
The most extensive propagting estblllishlment in the Lower South.
Largest and most complete catalogue published in the South, listing a
complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon appliea-
tion. Address,
THE GRIFFIN BROS CO. ..'""'C K ahW
Clt I flic :a.l t;rond(s. 14I l ain ?St..


Farmers' Attention !-
lr I A I


WANTED IN every town a local SPRING
representative, Lady or Gentleman. GOOOS
Easy work, good pay. No capital re-
quired. Payment every week. Ad- Avery Garden Plows, Acme narrows
dress for particulars. C. L. Marechal
Art Co.. 348 Elm St.. Dallas, Texas. GEORGIA STOCKS.
sPR YINtG OUTrFTS,
",THE HOCKEY NEST BOX."
Is Just the thing. It sho*sto a certaintJ and overvthing in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies
which he, lays and the eggshe lays. Als.l
pedigrees poultry. N thig else like it Poultry Netting Columbia Bicycls
rat money maer. Poultry raisers must Poultr Net Columbia Bicycles
use it to be successful. Don't waste timeand OHARTER OAK STOVES.
money feeding dr -nes, usc thia vT, lu be in P
vention; cull them out. and keep our layers CARR IRA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PUMIS
Age ts wa ted everywhere. Big profit (10 WRITE FOR PRICES.
per cent.) Quickest seller out. S.-ud -c stamp
at ,.ne for Illustrated decriptie booklet GEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.
giving ful information, and secure tr -
tory. Address. J. P. HECK, Lock Box 65.1
Piltsle d. Ill.
UEAP COLUMN PREIHRT PKRE ill ON TRKEBI. 4
CrHEAP C0O .LTUM N + Strictly high-class stock. Warranted true to name. Free from 4
RATES-Twenty words, name and address all njurious Insects and fungus diseases. Extreme care In
RATES-Twenty words, name and dde i packing, *
one week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents. 300 VAcRIETn Oranges, P0melos. Kumquarts Pehchee, Pear*
...500 YOUNG FOWLS from which to Plums. Kaki, Nuts, Grapes, Figs, Mulberries. &c. Also Rose 4
500 YOUNG FOWLS irom which to make + and Ornamentals.
your choice. White and Brown leghorns, ; 17 YEARS established. Cor respondence Solicited. Catalogue Pre. 4
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff + Estimates furnished. No Agents.
9f bvth varieti, Wire nettig, al-mn.l ( to I .q . Pr. I T. MA ... .I ,
make hens lay, and Mica Crytal ngt. Cta- 4. L. r, P p. GLK IA t WN Io a.
logue and prce list free. rlen Mary, e .
3it E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla. +*4+444* $*** 4 *4 4 +*4 4**t*4$4**0** 4 *


VILLA LAKE IUBRuIaIB.
Fruitland Park, Lake Co., Fa.
Offers for July planting 25 varieties of 2 and
3 year citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address, C. W. FOX, Prop.
24tf
AANTED--A quantity of Wild Lemon Seed
or young nursery stock. Please write the
price to A. L. Ingerson, Lemon City, Fla.
40-tf
WANTED:-to exchange a Flour Mill
near Toledo, Ohio, for real estate prop-
erty in Florida. Capacity of mill about
50 bbls. per day. Parties having prop-
erty to offer will please address their
letters to "Flour Mll" Care Agricultur-
let, DeLand, Fa. 45 tf.
THE SID B. SLIGH CO.. Wholesalers of
Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
x38 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
47tf.
FOR SALE-Grapefruit, Tangerine and Or-
ange trees. 2o selected varieties, extra
large two-years' and first-class one-ycar's
buds at the Winter Haven Nurseries.
1X6
HIGH CLASS trees of all best adapted sorts.
Catalogue free. G. L. Taber, Glen St. Mary
Nurseries, Glen St. Mary, Fla. 43tf
FOR SALE-Nursery of eight thousand-
Grapefruit Trees 4,500 budded. Box 271,
Orlando, Fla.. 49tf
SALT SICK. Cured for one dollar or monn
r-ffunfd W T. tsann. Manville, Fla
14hIr12-19H

BRONZE TURKEYS, Pekin Duks. Black
Lingshans. Indian Games. lHarred. Buff
and White Plymouth Rocks. Egs in sea-
son. Mrs. W H. MANN. Mannvllle, Fla.
4zaO
EGGS FOR HATCHING--liver Laced Wy-
andottes. Brown Leghorns. 15 for $ .00. a
for$l.7;. 0O for $?.00. W.P. WUODWOR i .
'is-ton City. Fla. 4;
S\i SHIELLS-lcautlful Ahr., I from ,i
Gulf coast. A sample lot of ,. al' different.
for 25c, tpoastilt. 1'; P. WOUI)l\0 I ,
Disston City.Fla. 4if


Artfitio -

MONUMENTS
IaCUT ID H3 ........
rUi LATWIT DESIGNS O

Marble
ar;d Grarnite.


rert Pl.ontinw - -
Por cemetery and .wn enclosure

AU work guaranteed. Pricea.reasonasie.
Correspond without: :: ::
,EO. R. NICHOLS 4 00.
1M0 Harrison Street.
TawMo L*..6.rOA


St ONLY TOOLS YOU NEED.
- NaEW STEEL R"olI Shete
* r .at, comuatedor" VC ir ied. a
Price per oqiare of WaO !;eat XI$ E1.
or 100 square feet...............
No other tool than a hatehet haicom
M is reui.wi to lay this roeag. we unis
with each order guncient iin t to over, and
nails to lay it, without additdiehal chasle.
I Write for our free eataloe e 0o.
of general merchandise besight 1b us at
Sherilr and Reetivei's Sale-s

M CHICAOONOUIEWRECKIN O. I
SW. W3th & Iron Ste., Chiao-.
lmn i n miu nqr uU


CANCER=


=CURED
Wit, Soothing, Balmy OHi.
Cancer, Tumor. Catarrh. Piles. Fistala Ulra,
cze:ma and all Skin a..d Womb Disease
Write for Illustrated Bnook Sntfree. Addre

Kansas Cny, MO.


Elie Toilet Cream"
Sfierir ai Otiera.
To keep a clear complex
ion and tender Uin try it
S1 and 25 cta per bott at
Dru xlmt. or mallel Mal
only by AM A. WIOOIIs
S & C O., Chicago. Sold by
S Wholesae Druggists every-
S3 where.


SFruits and Flowers

I FOR SOUTHERN

F PLANTING
SThe Summit Nurseries make a specialty ot
SSATSUMA AND OTHER ORAGE- ON
TRI ULIATA STOCKS.
g (rafted Pecan, Field-Grown Roses ad a tal
line o other Fruit Trees, Shrbbery, R
Prie Low; Freight Paid.
D. L PIERSON, Pr.
11 MosumNsefla,





STHE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


HOUBHHOLD DEPARTMENT.

Address anl csmunications to Household
Deprmtmt,. Agriculturist. Deland, FLa.

A HLPVL COBKr .

Pretty Things for the Homes of


Dainty Women. I
Dainty Women. and brown; then one cupful of stewed
A pretty and sensible curtain for and strained tomatoes and three-quart-
the sitting room or hammock may be ers of a cupful 'of brown stock. Sea-
made of blue denim, embroidered and I son to taste with salt and pepper, and
buttonholed in white, and laced with if the tomatoes are acid, add half a
white and blue cord over a puff of red teaspoonful of sugar and a pinch of
satine or silesia. soda.
A necessary article to hang beside Maraconi in Cream.-Cook the maca-
the dressing table is a shoe button ront ten minutes In boiling water;
case. To make It, take two pieces of drain this off and add a cupful of milk
bright colored linen or cretonne about with a little salt; stew until tender.
five inches long and three wide, over- In another sauce-pan heat a cupful of
cast the edges together on one side, milk to boiling, thicken with a teas-
and on the other side leave a small poonful of flour, add a tablespoonful
place open in the center of about an of butter and a beaten egg, stir t:.
inch and a half to insert a small strip egg in; do not let it boil as it will be-
of card board covered with silk to hold come curdled. When this thickens
the needles. Stitch across the satine pour it over the macaroni after It has
in two places about an inch from the been put in a dish.
middle each way, the upper one will Macaroni Croquettes.-Cut cold mac-
hold the buttons, and the lower open- aroni into one-half inch pieces, drain
ing will hold a spool of thread. Hem thoroughly. Melt one tablespoonful of
a small piece of whale bone into the butter, add a heaping tablespoonful
bottom of both pieces of the satine to of flour or corn starch, pour on slow-
hold the case stiff, and draw up the ly one cupful of hot milk, add yolk of
bag at the top with ribbons. one egg, two tablespoonfuls of grated
For busy women who have but little cheese, salt and pepper to taste. Add
time for embroidery, applique work enough of this sauce to the macaroni I
will be found very satisfactory. To to moisten it. Cool, shape, roll in
do it cut flowers or leaves from denim crumbs, eggs and crumbs and fry in
or other material and buttonhole hot fat.
them on curtains, table or toilet covers Macaroni, Italian Style.-Take one


with art silk. This work is very little large cupful of macaroni. After break-
trouble, and when neatly done will be ing it up in inch pieces, sprinkle a
very pretty. pinch of salt over it and pour boiling
When these articles become soiled water over it to more than cover it.
instead of throwing them aside, they Let it cook half an hour. While this is
may be cleaned and freshened by cooking, put the contents of one can
washing carefully through warm rain of tomatoes to cook in a separate
water to which a little powdered borax i ^ ?^ ^ ^^ y ^ ^ ^
water to which a little powdered boraxI dish, one piece of butter the size of an
is added, dried quickly and pressed on English walnut, salt and pepper to
the wrong side. Eliza R. Parker. taste, and one tablespoonful of sugar,
one small onion grated or chopped
Kacaroni Becipes. very fine; let this cook slowly for half
The following varied ways of pre- an hour, then take the macaroni and
paring macaroni will be helpful to put in a deep dish and pour the toma-
many housekeepers, no doubt. to over it.
Macaroni With Che-s".-One- quarter Macaroni and Oysters.-Boil maca-
pound or twelve sticks of macaroni, roni in salted water until done, then
broken into one-inch lengths and put a layer of it in a deep dish, and
cooked in three pints of boiling water over this a thick layer of oysters.
twenty minutes. Put it into a colan- Season with butter, cayenne pepper
der and pour over it cold water; drain, and salt, and a little grated lemon
Make a sauce of one tablespoonful rind. Add a gill of cream or milk to a
each of butter and flour and one and quart dish. Strew the top with bread
ono-nlal ouprule or not mall, salt and crunmbo and butter, and bake in a
pepper to taste. Put a layer of cheese quick oven.
in the bottom of a bake-dish, then a
layer of macaroni and one of sauce, Household Helps.
and cover top with bread crumbs with Never put a knife into hot grease
bits of butter dotted over them, and a as it destroys its sharpness. Have at
little grated cheese. Bake until a gold- hand a kitchen fork for turning meat
en Brown. or frying potatoes.
German Macaroni.-Boil macaroni If kerosene is rubbed with a flannel
twenty minutes and drain. Have cloth on steel knives that have become
ready some cold boiled ham chopped rusty, and they are put aside for a
fine. Place alternate layers of ham day or two, the rust will be loosened
and macaroni in layers in a baking- and they may be very easily cleaned.
dish and cover the top with a thick Put a little household ammonia on a
layer of grated cheese; season with rag and clean off the rols of the ring-
SSalt and pepper and dust with rolled er before putting it away.
crackers. Pour over this a cup of milk Never butter your pie plates, but
and bake for twenty-five minutes. dredge them lightly with flour.
Macaronl and Tomato Sauoo. Cool OBions are so wholesome they might
three-quarters of a cupful of macaroni, with advantage be served more fre-
broken into inch pieces, in boiling salt quently. With fowl they are usually
water until tender; drain and pour relished if nicely prepared. To cream
over it a quart of cold water to cleanse them they are first boiled in salted wa-
it. Cook one tablespoonful of butter ter, then drain and rich milk or cream
with half a tablespoonful of onions added, with butter and pepper. When
cliopiied fine, for five minutes. Sprink- this boils up thicken slightly ag for
le with a few grains of cayenne pep- gravy. A piece of charcoal placed in


per and add one and one-half cupfuls
tomato sauce and cook five minutes
longer. Add salt, pepper and cheese
to taste; use American cheese, or
Edam and Parmesan, two tablespoon-
fuls of each.
Tomato Sauce.-Brown one and one-
half tablespoonfuls of butter, add one
and one-half tablespoonfuls of flour


tub. Spread them right side out, and
when it stops raining turn them over
and let them dry wrong side up to the
sun. It saves lots of hard work.

A Few Sweets.
Butter Scotch.-Place in a granite or
porcelain-lined kettle two cupfuls of
good molasses, one cupful of sugar,
(either brown or white), and three-
fourths of a cupful of butter. Boil rap-
idly, stirring constantly, for about fif-
teen minutes until it snaps in ice wa-
ter. Pour into square buttered tins,
allow to cool, then turn carefully out
on to a board and mark the desired
sizes (about one and a quarter by two
inches), then cut through and wrap
each piece in wax paper.
Peanut Molasses Candy.-Place in a
good-sized kettle one quart of good
molasses, one cupful of sugar and one
cupful of butter. Boll rapidly, stirring
constantly, until it will snap sharply in
ice water, and then add a level teas-
poonful of baking soda and stir a mo-
ment. Have ready one quart of shell-
ed peanuts. i. e., have them shelled,
skinnea and broken apart Into halves.
Add them to the candy and stir rapid-
ly and just enough to mix well, and
pour at once into flat. square, greased
pans. When partly cold, mark into
blocks and cut through. It wrapped
neatly in waxed paper and kept in a
dry plactm this will keep nlooly for
weeks.


thb water with the onions when boil-
ing prevents the odor from penetrat-
ing to adjoining rooms, as it is liable
to do. This same piece may be used
time after time.
Nearly everyone has among their
treasures a bit of old brass, a tea ket-
tle, candle stick or what not which Is
"shined up"' at the holiday time, even
if allowed to lose brightness other
times. It is somewhat difficult to
keep brass a bright lustrous color,
and many of the so-called brass pol-
ishing materials cause the brass in
time, to take on a pale, yellow color.
Bath brick, for instance, if used con-
stantly, will cause this trouble. One of
the bevt ways to clean brass is to mix
a little finely powdered rotten-stone in
a little sweet oil; then rub with leath-
er until of a beautiful luster.
There is nothing better for cleaning
steel knives than a raw potato dipped
in fine brick dust Cut off a slice of
potato so as to have a raW surface,
dip in finely beaten brick dust, and
rub the knives until they are bright
and clean, It doea not wear out and
break the ends of the blades, and re-
quires no strength at all.
Rubbing a griddle with fine salt be-
fore greasing It will prevent cakes
sticking to it
Never put table linen into soapsuds
until It has all stains removed by
pouring boiling wafer, through, them.
This will remove all stains but iron
rust; for that sprinkle on oxale acid,
wetting the spot with cold water. Rub
gently between the hands, and
it will gradually disappear. If obsti-
nate repeat thM process. A stain is
very unsightly, and upon an otherwise
nice cloth detracts greatly from Its ap-
pearance. The seaming should not be
neglected ifa spotless expanse of
white is desired.
Perhaps some of the tired house-
keepers may not know that you can
spread out a dirty quilt and comfort-
ables on the grass in a good rain and
it will wash them sweet an] clean
without fading them or matting the
cotton as tiadly as washing them in a


Chocolate caramels.--One cupful of
molasses, one cupful of brown sugar,
one-half cupful of rich milk, one-
fourth pound of unsweetened choco-
late, one teaspoonful of vanilla.
Put the molasses, sugar, and butter
over the fire and stir constantly until
it thickens (about one-half hour).
Have ready the chocolate which should
be shaved, and melted over the steam.
Add this to the other ingredients and
continue stirring until, when a small
quantity is dropped into ice water, it
will snap. When it reaches this point,
add quickly a teaspoonful of vanilla,
stir until mixed and pour at once into
a square greased pan. Allow ,t to be-
OC ne almost cold then turn out care-
fully on to a board, mark in one Inch
squares and then with a long, strong
knife, cut into squares. Wrap each
caramel neatly in a square of waxed
paper.
Cream Candy.-Place over the fire
in a granite saucepan, three cupfuls of
granulated sugar, with a half a cupful
each of water and vinegar. Boll ra-
idly without stirring until it begins to
change color. Have some ice water at
hand and begin "trying" the candy by
dropping into half a cupful of ece wa-
ter about half a teaspoonful of the
boiling mixture. When it will "snap,"
remove from the fire and pour at once
into pie tins. Do not scrape the kettle.
Allow it to become cold enough to han-
dle, add any flavoring extract prefer-
red, remove from the tius and begin at
once to pull, continuing this process
until it is perfectly white, working
with all possible rapidity and in a
*warm place. Form into neat bars, or
cut at once Into short pieces with a
shears. This will keep for some time
if securely covered and kept in a dry
place.
Nougat.-Put one pound of granulat-
ed sugar into an Iron skillet and stir
constantly until melted and of an am-
ber color. Have ready one and one-
half cupfuls of shelled almonds, or any
nut desired, which has been warmed
in a slow oven. When the sugar Is all
melted and an amber color, add the
nuts, stir until mixed and pour with-
out delay Into a greased pan.
Clear Peanut Candy.-Place over
the fire in a granite saucepan two cup-
fuls of granulated sugar, one cupful of
boiling water and a level teaspoonful
of cream tartar. Let these boil rapid-
ly, without stirring, until it will "snap"
when tried in ice water. Have ready
a 8IHfiIl square pan, greased, in which
you have spread out evenly two cup-
fuls of shelled and skinned peanuts.
When the candy is done, pour it care-
fully over the nuts, and when partly
cold, mark and cut into bars. Be
careful not to scrape the kettle when
pouring the candy out. Any other nut
may be used instead of peanuts, and a
mixture will be found a pleasing va-
riety.-Country Gentleman.






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. W
-t


POULTRY DEPRArTXrNT.

Address H communication to Poultry De-
artment. Box so. DeLand. Fla.

The Minorca Fowl.
The Minorca is generally considered
a new breed. To many it will be news
to hear that they are one of the older
breeds of England. Black and White
Spanish, also Black and White Minor-
cas, came early In this century to Eng-
land; they also came to this country
many years ago. All were called
Spanish; the other simply Spanish
fowls. Some called them red faced
Spanish. It is almost certain that the
first so-called White Leghorns were of
Minorca blood, as records say they had
white legs. All that came to this coun-
try, also to England, came from Span-
ish countries, and, like our Asiatic,
are al of one family.
The Minorca Is the largest of the so-
called Mediterranean breeds. This
fowl has but one drawback between
it and general public favor; that is,
Its very large comb and wattles, which
are quite apt to suffer in cold weather,
when they are not specially well hous-
ed and protected from the elements.
When this protection is thrown around
them, they are a very magnificent
fowl for general use. Being of good
siae-from 6 to 9 pounds, according to
age-they are good for a -market fowl;
in producing eggs, they are fully the
equal of the Leghorn, as to number
laid; and, in addition to this, their
eggs are much larger than the Leg-
horn egg. As an average, I believe
they lay the largest white egg pro-
duced by any Mediterranean breed,
if not by any other breed of fowls.
The Anduluslan stand next to the Mi-
norca for size of their eggs in this
family of breeds. I say as an average,
for I have seen Individual Black Span-
ish that produced the largest of any
hens' eggs I have seen.
As an exhibition fowl they are at-
tracting great attention. No classes
are better filled; none more closely ex-
amined than the Black Minorcas. The
Minorca Club-one of the most influ-
ential-has among its members many
of the most successful fanciers, who
seem to think that all that is valuable
in poultry centers about the Minorca.
Some of the most ardent claim for
them considerably more than any on.
could expect or even hope for from
any fowl In their enthusiasm, they
bubble over a little and claim all they
wish for as facts.
There cannot be any doubt that
they do produce a large number of
beautiful, large, white eggs, which de-
mand the highest price. I know some
who sell their eggs, all the year round,
to their neighbors, at sixty cents per
dozen. This is in the smaller towns,
near the city, where such things sell
higher than elsewhere. At the same
time, others cannot sell their smaller-
sized eggs for so high a price. No egg
can be more attractive than the large,
white eggs of the Minorca.
We have the Minorca in Single and
Rose Comb Black and Single ('on~
White, and Just as soon as some onil
has the time to cross the Whb'z, with
White Hamburgs we shall hear or thre
Rose Comb White Minorca coming ;I~
sports, from the Single Comb Whites.
Some of the Rose Comb Blacks look
like a Hamburg cross; son- look like
the Black Wyandotte cross. I prefv'r
those thkt favor the HIamburg. for thij.
gives a finer finish to head aud comb
and improves the leg color, while


those that favor the Black Wyandotte duces each chick.-T. F. McGrew in
have the coarser head and comb, infe- Country Gentleman.
rior earlobes and bad colored legs. 0 /
All these several conditions would not ON A FLURRY. I
exist if all were simply sports from Mrs. Stubbs-John, isn't it strange?
the Single Combs. IHere it was clear in Chicago yesterday
The display of White Minorcas at ind snowing in New York.
the late State Fair, at Syracuse, was, Mir. Stubb--Dues the paper say that,
a surprise as well as a delight to the Maria? pl


many fanciers gathered from all over Mrs. Stubb--Well John, it says there
the the state and from the adjoining w a:s a straight flurry in Wall street.
states. Their quality was fully equal That's New York, isn't it?-Chicago orl fI
to that of any Blacks yet seen. In News.
size, shape, color and head properties B
they were grand, showing the vast iui- SPEAKING OF DELAWARE. l
provement in them in the past few Teacher.-Now, Tommy, tell me 1ls lniirig& --t_
years, since the fanciers of this coun- what the principal commodities of the laL, le =ii b aas. l tn $ !
try have taken them in hand and bred state of Delaware are? oumiro ir w t wi bl v
them as a high class fowl. Their ad- Tonmmy (who read the newspapers) aallbilleT- Ai aia ri0=. I
edition to the white breeds will give an -The failure of the peach crops.- dfimbellrL- s i m l
increased interest, they will push the Philadelphia Record.
White Leghorns for popularity in the
Mediterranian breeds, as the White RETROSPECTIVE F DER CUTTIERul h esmlalSsg
Wyandotte and White Plymoth Rocks '.Harry!" ei
clamor for favor in the American class. "What is it, Dorothy?" d ,
ses. The long plump bodies of the "Did you give me that parlor lamp _,Mm
Minorcas are quite in their favor as a Crliistmas or did I give it to you?"- m
table fowl. They lack the bright, yel- Indianapolis Journal I
low color, so much desired with us, $A"e i Ii
but when we discover that the thin,
white skin with the pinkish cast be- 4 44#
neath Indicates the best and most del-
icate of table fowls, we shall value
more highly the fowls having the pink- eee .4
ish white skin. Why we should so .
strongly favor the thicker and heav-
ier yellow skin cannot be conceived, Please note that I have transfer red my seed business from Gainesville 4
but such is the fact, and many years to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special inducements to pur-
will pass before even a small propor- chasers of SEED OATS, SEED POTATOES, VELVET BEANS, et.
tion discover the superior quality of n .
the thinner white skin. The dark legs I have 800 pounds . . . ......... .. .
and the large combs, as before stated,
are somewhat against them; but those +4 Po ~l(lpe *e
who are fully prepared to care for +
Leghorns could shelter Minorcas as *
wel l. for delivery by January 1st. Address all orders and enquiril to
No doubt the Rose comb Minorca a
will be a success, if it is fully equal to PF. WILSON
the Single Comb in other respects- Care . Paint o.,
The Rose Comb Leghorn is a favorite Car E. O. Paintr Co., JACKSONVIL+. PLA.
of many, but they have never gained
anything like the popularity of the Sin- 9+ + +*9 + *
gle Comb, nor do I think it will be any
different with the Minorca. If we AL LO Y STEAMSHIP LINE
should spend our time In perfecting
the breeds we have it would be more -W l e9 OOOOO
to our credit. At this early day, we Florida S r se.
must go to England to secure the best Ne York To me close conseo-
Silver Wyandotte; a breed of our own tionswith steamers leave
making, we have allowed the English Phila- Jacksonville Thnud.s
to adopt and outrun us in the race of delphia & 6 p. m., via oOmbrlahl
its improvement, until they have turn- BOStO l route; suPPer on romtL
ed the tide in their direction, and we Paussenger on arrival t
buy our best from them. From Bruns wi direct to Brunswick goog rety
New Yor0k. aoard steamer.
We are supposed to do such things
PROPOSED mAILINGS for Jam. 100.
in a hasty, haphazard way. When we N.()RH BOUND--BRUNSWICK, GA., DIRECT TO NEW YO LEAVING EVER
learn to give our full attention to im- FRIDAY A, FOLLOWS:
proving and perfecting what we have, s. s. COLORADO .......... .... .. ........ .... Friday, January, .5
and cease to pay so much attention to i 1i1o G(;ANDE .............................. Friday, January 12
invention of unneeded breeds, we shall S. S. COLORAIxr ...... ........... ......... Friday, January 19
advance to the position of far better RIO GRANDE ..................................... Friday, Jan. 26
producers than at present. We se- s I-THPOUND--NEW YORK TO BRUNSWICK. STEAMERS LEAVE PIER I
lect a lot of hens, place them in a E. R., EVERY ItKIDAY, 3'01 P. M.
Sa lt o ens, place them in a For general information, steamer, trains rates, etc.. apply to any railroad agent or to
yard with a male bird, rear as many I:ASIL GILL, 220 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
hics fm tm as psibe, ad w II. II. Raymond. General Southern Agent, Brunswick. Ga..
chicks from them as possible, and won- I Malli,rv & Co.. general Agent%,. Pier ) 1: IR. .ndl Broladry. N. Y
der why they are so inferior in qual-
ity- The careful English breeder
knows the sire and dam of every fowl FOR t 4 0
he owns, for many years back, and he
seldom sets an egg from any pair of W i b IL&fsei.6
fowl.s unless he is fully informed as to Nso-in. owtitheeto l.m
their breeding qualities. He always Re ow l s aen
knows the hen that laid each egg; the l w
chicks from them are carefully mark- -..os feor i tr. s ua tm s
ed, so year by year he knows just Bmy *a Gon aon m k
what can be depended upon to pro- and ur-ul
duce the desired quality; no gu-.- i i itnte a
work or poor breeding is considered 1by) Jt l.rJ.. O IR
them. They must know absolutely r -se'. a .
the hen, also the male bird that pro-






so THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


hW am-XIet Bestte. This was dusted over the plants while
One of the first Insects to appear in wet with dew.
the spring is the Ceratoma trifurcata, It is important in keeping these In-
or the spring ist beetle. It feM cat sects under control, that the garden be
or the bean-leaf beetle. It feeds on ^ b
the leaves of garden beans, and later kept free from trash, and the bean
on the leaves of the cow pea. The plants are destroyed with the roots as
present spring It has been extraordi- soon as they have borne thefr erop.
n t abl Since the beetles also feed on certain
narily abundant over a considerable other legumes, as the beggar weed and
part of the State. It made Its appear- o "
part of theE State. It made ts pea ush clover, these plants should not be
ance at the Experiment Station just in the neighborhood
as the seedlings had pushed through allowed to grow n the neighborhood
the soil, and began at once feeding on The i cl insect
the cotyledons and leaflets. The bee- There is a small beneficial secm
tract, seemed of most value as a repel- tht at first sight ver much resemle
a period of three or four weeks, and this injurious one, but should be recog-
a period of three or or weeks, and nized as a friend to the farmer. It is
did much damage, stripping the plants s a fied t the a e t i
of most their foliage. When the in- of about the same size, but the wing
sects are not so particularly abundant covers are red, and spotted with small
sects are not so particularly abundant ba dt w i t e o
their presence is indicated by numer- blak d ts, where in covers are
ous holes eaten through the leaves, bean-leaf beetle, the wing covers are
but, as happened the present spring, usually reddish yellow and the spots
Share typically more or less rectangular.
almost all of the leaves, but the larger esebenficial beetles prey upon
veins and petioles, were devoured. These beneficial beetles prey upon
veins and petioles were devoaphids or plant lice and do great good
This beetle is a member of the chry- in this way.-A. L. Quaintance.
somelid family, to which belong so
many of our leaf eating pests, as the Velvet Beans.-One element of the
Colorado potato beetle, the striped cu- greatly improved condition of the
cumber beetle, and others. It is a na- farmers is the possession and use of
tive of North America, and occurs velvet beans. It is difficult to exag-
from Canada south to the Gulf States. gerate its importance to Florida farm-
In the more northern part of its range, ers. I find it a rich milk-making feed,
probably but one brood occurs yearly, jI give each ow a gallon and a half of
but in the South, doubtless as many as the beans in the pod twice a day, and
three broods may occur. This insect it stimulates the milk secretion more
first attracted attention as a bean pest than anything else of equal cost. I
in Kansas in 1875. Since that time its get them picked for 10 cents a barrel,
occurrence in destructive numbers pod and all. or four cents for a grain
seems to have been more or less spora- sack full. I tried shipping to Apopka
die and over a wide range of territory, to be ground, but the carriage and the
as New Jersey, Iowa, Delaware, Ohio, toll make it unprofitable. I simply
Virginia, Maryland, and to this list soak the pods twelve hours; it makes
must now be added Georgia. It Is them soft enough so that the cows
not likely that this insect will be par- grind them well. I have never kept
ticularly destructive another year. accurate accounts of my crops, but
As is true with many other insects last year I gathered seventy-five bar-
of this family, the larvae feed on the rels off from a four acre field, fatten-
roots and stems of plants infested by ed ten hogs on the residue, then win-
the adults. Eggs are laid in small tered all my shoats on the field until
'clusters at or just below the surface it was plowed up in the spring.--um-
of the ground on the stem, or frequent- ter Cor. Times-Union and Citizen.
ly In the cavities which are made by
adults chewing at various times into Planting in Large Quantities.-A
the bean stalk. According to Mr. large quantity of Irish potatoes, celery
Chittenden larvae hatch from these and other truck is being planted In
eggs in about five to eight days, and East Orange, and if them lid weather
bore into the bean stalks and there continues a large and paying crop will
feed, usually close under the stem. or be harvested in the spring. Cattle are
less usually on the outside About six said to have suffered some from the
weeks are required before the adult high waterthat has covered a great
larvae condition is reached, and the part of the ranges, caused by the
pupal state entered. The entire life heavy fall rains. Orange trees about
cycle is usually completed in seven to Oviedo are in first-class condition, and
eight weeks. a large crop is anticipated for the com-
While this beetle can hardly bW re- ing year.-Orlando Sentlnel-Reporter.
garded as one of our annual pests.
judging from history, yet it is well WANTED-Several bright and hon-
to know, in case of emergency, just est persons to represent us as manag-
to know Io thie oa em erleneo y enseta
what can be done to control it. Few ers of this and clone by counties. al-
experiments seem to have been made ary $X00 a year and expenses. Straight
in treating this insect, but from the 1olla-tide, no more no less, salary. Po-
S tiont plerinainent. Our references, any
leaf eating habits of the adult, the use Our references, any
of an arsenite to poison the foliage at I bank in lany town. It is mainly office
once suggests itself. In practice. how- wolrk conducted at home. Refenence.


ever, I have had but little success in
the use of Paris green, though used
at the rate of one pound to seventy-
five gallons of water. This amount of
poison was very injurious to the foli-
age of the beans, though neutralized
with an excess of milk of lime. Pos-
sibly some of the more recent arseni-
cal Insecticides, as paragrene. arsenite
and arsenite of lead. might prove more
satisfactory, as these may be used in
much greater strength than Paris
green. Of several insecticides tried,
the Rose-leaf. a strong tobacco ex-
ties seemed to increase in number for
lent. Mr. Hnsted reported excellent
results in the use of carbolised lime.


Enclose self addressed stamped enve-
lope. TIlE DOMINION COMPANY.
Dep. 3. Chicago.

ROCKY FORT CANTALOUPE.
Beware of seeds saved from culls
and dumpips, which constitute the bulk
of the seed sent out from Rocky Ford
'ol.. of wlicKh I have proof. I believe
I have tlhe only stock grown at Rocky
Ford the past season expressly for the
seed and saved from the select fruit,
of which I have only about 1000 lbs.
Price. per ounce. 10c, 1-t pound 38c.,
1 Tth. 90c. postpaid. Send for evidences
of purity and prices on large quanti-
ties to 1. I. SUTTON. Seedsman,
Ocala. Fla.


Oasomva and tlarch.
Starch factories are being establish-
ed at different places in this state, and
it occurs to us that if the farmers and
business men of this section were as
alive to the situation as they should
be, it would not be long until a starch
factory would be established ni
Gainesville.
Some time ago there was manifested
by our citizens a great interest in
the production of cassava and the
manufacture of starch, and unless
there has been undergone a wonderful
change a factory could be started in
this city with but little difficulty.
It is claimed that starch made from
cassava commands a ready sale at a
good profit, and that wherever they
have been established starch factories
have proven profitable.
As good cassava can be produced
anywhere in, the country can be
grown in this locality.
What the business men of Gains-
ville and the farmers of Alachua coun-
ty need is more factories and a home
market. Factories will add to the
population and wealth of both the city
and county, increase the sales of our
merchants and create an additional de-
mand for the products of our farmers.
Anything that will increase the
trade of this city, prove of substan-
tial benefit to the tillers of the soil,
and give employment to those wno ar l
willing to earn their living by the
sweat of their brows, is worthy of en-
couragement, and as a matter of fact
is essential to the future growth and
prosperity of all the various interests
of this section.
'From what we learn we are led to
believe that a starch factory can be es-
lablished in Ganinwriilul without our
citizens taking any hazardous risks or
burdening themselves with indebted-
ness.
It would be well for our business
men to investigate what can be done
in the direction of growing cassava
and manufacturing it into starch in
this city. It will cost but little if any-
thing to ascertain what can be done.
and it might be the source of much
profit to the people of this community s
If no effort is made certainly nothing
will be accomplished. Gainesville
Sun.


In late years men have made for-
tunes out of the tailings of gold mines
The mills in 'which the ore formerly
was crushed and the crude processes
then in use allowed a large percentage
of the precious metal to escape, and
that loss amounted in some cases to a
fortune. The stomach is just like a
stamp mill in this respect, that when
it is not in perfect order It allows the
escape and waste of much of the pre-
cious nutriment contained in the food.
That loss when continuous, means the
loss of man's greatest fortune-health.
Science offers a remedy for this- condi-
tion in Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical
Discovery. It corrects the "weak-
ness" of the stomach, prevents waste
and loss of nourishment, and puts the


U L'~E tU I


THE SLAYTON


INSULATING CURE

FOB
NriURALGIA,
RHEUMATISM,
SLEEPLESSNESS
and LOST VITALITY.
To all who know the misery and the hope-
lessness of days and nights tortured with
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sleeplessness and
the lassitude of Lost Vitality, we make a
plain proposition, which we believe is filled
with hope for sufferers:

First, a Word s to Or Metbods:
DR. BROWN SEQUARD, of Paris, dis-
covered that these ailments arose from too
great a flow of electricity from the body,
and proved that if this waste could be stop-
ped the vital forces would be so invigorated
as to readily overcome the disease. xperi-
ments on this line led to the discovery of
the SLAYTON ELECTRIC-SWITCH CAS-
TERS and the SLAYTON INSULATING
INSOLES, which when used as directed, in-
sulate the patient completely, thus preventing
any flow of personal electricity to the earth
and the consequent weakening of the natur-
al forces. The curative results are wonder-
Eul.
It is impossible to fully explain how so
simple a remedy can forever banish such ter-
rihle ills but the indisputable fact remains that
the use of the SLAYTON ELECTRIC
SWITCH-CASTERS and the SLAYTON TN-
SULATING INSOLES is every day con-
pletely curing cases of Rheumatism, Neural-
gia, Sleeplessness and Lost Vitalit, which
had previously seemed hopeless. Read the
following testimonials and judge for your-
selves if it is not worth your while to at
least make a FREE TEST of this wonderful
treatment:

"I WOULD NOT SELL FOR ALL TIfF
MONEY IN OLD KENTUCKY."
I would not sell the SLAYTON ELEC-
TRIC-CASTERS for all the money in Old
Kentucky, if I could not buy another set.
Very truly yours,
W. I. Butch.
Newcastle, Kentucky.

"IMPART VIGOR AND STRENGTH TO
ENTIRE BODY."
Some time ago I wrote you for one pair of
SLAYTON'S INSULATING INSOLES.
and same reached me promptly.
It gives me pleasure to state to you that af-
er using -these Insoles for several weeks past,
Sfind thin to be of inestimable value to one's
general health.
One can walk around miles without feeling
fatigued and worn out, and it certainly is a
act that these Insoles impart vigor and
strength to the entire body.
I take pleasure in recommending your In-
soles to the inhabitants of our country.
Yours very truly,
Louis Berger.
New York.

'I SHALL USE THEM AS LONG AS I
LIVI.
At the end of three months' use of the
SI.AYTON ELECTRIC-SWITCH CAS-
TERS under my bed. and the SLAYTON IN-
SULATING INSOLES in my shoes, I feet
so much benefited and so comfortable that I
want you and every one else to know it The
rheumatism has all gone from my arm and
shoulder, and my sciatica has nearly left me.
I can now alk without feeling the severe pain
which I felt when I began using the Casters
and Insoles. I sleep well and rest easy, and
arise in the morning with a pleasant sensa-
ion throughout my body.
I am doing at least one-fourth more work
han I have been able to do during the pa
two years. The SLAYTON ELECTRIC-
SWITCH CASTERS and INSULATING
INSOLES are entitled to the credit for all
his, and money would not buy them if I
could get no more. I shall use them as lon
as I live. I am sixty-eight years old, and
shall never forget to recommend your treat-
ment. It has done more for me than you
claimed for it. .


Normal. Illinois.


Yours sincere, B ton.
S. Bayston.


FREE TRIAL


stolaeah and organs of digestion and We will gladly send anyone a full set of
stomach and organs of digesthe SLAYTON ELECTRIC SWITCH-CAS-
nutrition into a condition of health i TERS and the SLAYTON INSUI. \TIN;
INSOLES on receipt of s cents to cover
which enables them to save and as- postage and packing, iEc. far Casters, se. for
simulate all the nutriment contained Insoles. Try them for two weeks, according
to directions. If they do not help yon send
in the food which is eaten. In all cases them back by mail and no charges will be
Pire's made. If they do help you, send us $3.oo in.
of constipation the use of Dr. Perce's full payment of the Casters and $.oo fr the
Pellets will speedily and permanently insoles. State whether Casters are required
for brass, iron, or wooden bedstead and size
cure the disease. and number of shoe Insoles are to fit.

TU Slayts BEkctr Cmtr Ca.,
A good time to subscribe. eua, b,
'~~t I(eI Hiht. Teameet, flih,


rF, F- V J,







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Cultivation of sumatma Tbacco in only th4 seed bud is taken out, and
lorida. all of the leaves are allowed to grow.
All that has been written relative to If the land is exceedingly rich it is
the selection of land and the prepara- found best not to top at all, but to al-
tion of seed for the Cuban tobacco ap- low the plant to go to bloom. To top
plies to the Sumatra as well, except in that case causes leaves to thicken
that the Sumatra beds are mown later. and curl.
It is the aim of the farmer to get all it has been found by experience
of the Cuban crop set out by May 15, that Sumatra tobacco should be har-
about which time the setting of the vested at an early stage of ripeness,
Sumatra crop begins. The setting of as the leaves will cure lighter and be
the Sumatra crop is finished about the more elastic; that is, it will have more
15th or 20th of June. All the seed life. It is usual to take four to six
beds must be sown with the view of leaves at each priming, thus going
having the plants when needed. over the field four or five times before
Now, low hammock is decidedly the the crop is harvested. The methods
best land on which to. grow Sumatra and means of transporting this tobac-
tobacco. The soil should be light gray co to the curing shed are the same as
with a clay subsoil. Sumatra tobacco employed in transporting the Cuban
must have a rapid growth In order to variety, and the work in the barn or
produce light, thin wrappers, and it curing shed is also the same. The first
the land is not rich it must be made priming which means the first four
so by fertilizers. A little complete leaves taken from the stalk, also the
guano, not exceeding 200 pounds per last priming, which means the last
acre, may be used to stimulate the four to six leaves taken from the top
plants at the early stage of growth. of the stalk, are kept separate. Thus
Cotton seed, cotton seed meal, and cot- there are three grades, as follows:
ton seed hull ashes are generally con- Bottom leaves, middle leaves, and top
sidered the best fertilizers for tobacco. leaves.
If a great quantity of cotton seed is When the tobacco is sufficiently cur-
used it should be crushed and scat- ed it is,packed in paper bundles, the
tered broadcast over the land and same as described under Cuban toba&-
plowed in. This is done about six co. and delivered to the packing
weeks before the time for setting the houses, each bundle being marked, so
plants. The quantity of fertilizer is that its contents can be known.
governed in all cases by the original As stated In the beginning of this
strength of the land. When not more article, new, low, hammock land is
than 75 or 100 bushels of cotton seed necessary, or has been so considered.
per acre are used they are put In the Some excellent Sumatra has bas
drill. This is done by bedding out the grow n on old land, but it is decidedly
land about four weeks before the time the exception and not the rule. How-
for setting the plants, Immediately af- tever' in 1ii. as an experiment a New
ter which the fertilizer is evenly distri- York Company operating in Gadsden
buted along the water furrow and cov- county. Fla.. built a shed over one acre
ered with two furrows This is allow- of old hind. The shed or arbor was
ed to remain about three weeks, when nine feet high and covered with laths,
a 10-inch solid sweep is used to break Oiving only half cover; that is, the
out the list in which the fertilizer has laths were two inches wide, and were
been put, letting the plow run well placed two inches apart, so that there
down, thus mixing the fertilizer with was half sunshine and half shade.
the soIL This furrow is followed im- This acre was made rich and Sumatra
mediately by two other furrows throw- tobacco was planted. The result was
ing the soil back and making a ridge all that could have been hoped for, as
on which to set the plants. Before set- they harvested a finer crop than had
ting out the plants the tops of these ever before been raised on the finest
ridges are knocked off with a hoe or hammock land. In 1807 they increas-
board, leaving them smooth and flat. ed their experiment to 5 acres, the re-
The plants are given a distance of 12 suit being as good as in 1896. In tihe
inches in the drill. Of course great following year, 1808, this concern
eare is used to make every plant live. planted more than 200 acres on old
as a uniform growth is essential if a land, under shade, harvesting about
uniform crop Is to be harvested. Two 8&. pounds per acre, and they claim
or three days after the first setting the that at least 50 per cent, was wrap-
field is gone over, putting fresh plants per. I have examined these tobaccos
wherever one of the original settings and am sure that the island of Suma-
seems to be drooping or dying. tra has never produced a finer type
The cultivation is the same as that of wrapper leaf; and, what is more,
given the Cuban variety, and i must this tobacco is just as acceptable to
be rapid and shallow. The ground the trade as the finest imported Suma-
should be stirred at least once each tra. All the farmers who are able to
week until the plants begin to bud, at do so are building shades, and I think
which time cultivation should stop. It there will be at least G00 acres planted
Is very essential that the plants should under shade in Gadsden county this
have a continuous, rapid growth from year.-Ma'rcus L. Floyd.
beginning to maturity; they are often Fine Sugar Cane.-Sam Barber
given a second application of fertill- brought into our office for exhibition
zer. For this cotton seed meal or cot- this morning a fine stalk of red ribbon
ton seed hull ashes are usually applied sugar cane from the farm of I. 7M.
when the plants are 12 to 14 Inches Lanier, on Bull Creek, In the Crabb
high. This fertilizer will be available settlement The specimen was exam-
when most needed by the plants, fur- ined by Capt. Rose, who pronounced it
fishing as it does food for the many of the finest quality. It is ten feet
feeders or surface roots. long and has twenty-nine Joints, and
The same means used for keeping four Joints were trimmed off, making
worms off the Cuban crop are also 33 in all. Ike Lanier is one of the
used in the case of Sumatra; and as most prosperous and successful stock-
the principal value of the Sumatra men in the county, and has a fine
plant is its wrapper leaves, great care home. He has an orange grove of 40
Is exercised to preserve the soundness original full grown trees, from which
of the leaf. The Sumatra tobacco is he sold 200 boxes of fruit.-Kisslmmee
topped higher than the Cuban; that is, Vallley Gasette.


Immense Vegetable Shlpments.-The, WANTEDI-Several bright and hon.
steamer Mistletoe came up from the est persons to represent us as manag-
Manatee river section with 400 crates ers of this and close by counties. Sal-
of vegetables. comprishi-g tin0.:th-. 'a. ry $i!KM) a year and expenses. Straight
squash and cucumbers. The late cold bona-fide, no more, no less salary. Po-
snap did no damage whatever to that sition permanent. Our references, any
section, and immense shipments -Ire bank in *.ny town. It is mainly office
looked for in a few days.-Tampa Tri- work conducted at home. Reference.
bune. Enclose self addressed stamped enve-
lope. THIE ICOi NION c'OMI'ANY.
op_ _. 3. Chicago.


I e i miineIit. IUInIey
and Bladder Specialist.


the Rimnerer s waumU-st at Wrk la
s Labrater.
There is a disease prevailing in this
country most dangerous because so decep-
tive. Many sudden deaths are caused by
It-heart disease, pneumonia, heart failure
or apoplexy are often the result of kidney
disease If kidney trouble is allowed to ad-
vance the kidney-poisoned blood will attack
the vital organs, or the kidneys themselves
break down and waste away cell by cell.
Then the richness of the blood-the albumen
-leaks out and the sufferer has Bright's
Disease, the worst form of kidney trouble.
Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root the new dis-
covery is the true specific for kidney, bladder
and urinary troubles. It has cured thousands
of apparently hopeless cases, after all other
efforts have failed. At druggists in fifty-cent
and dollar sizes. A sample bottle sent free
by mail, also a book telling about Swamp.
Root and its wonderful cures. Address
Dr. Klmer & Co., Binghamton. N. Y. ant
mention this paper.


THE- --

7OW LER
That will kill
S all the weeds
in your lawns.
If you keep
the weeds cut
so they do not
go to seed,
and cut your
grass without
breaking the small feeders of roots
the grass will become fhick and
weeds will disappear. Send for
catalogue.
THE CLIPPER WILL DO IT
CLIPPER LAWN MOWER 00.
Norristows. Pa


WANTED.
To Buy WILD ANIMALS,
BIRDS and REPTILES of all
kinds.
Write me what you can secure in
your vicinity. Will give exclusive ter-
ritory to hustling parties.
J. L. BUCK,
Importer and Exporter of Animals.
700-2 and 4 S. 10th St. Philadelphia,
Pa.
Mention this paper.


OCEAN STEAMSHIP CO.,












-.

"SAVANNAH LINE."


Part Rail, Part Sea.

Fast Freight and Luxurious Passenger Route

--FROM

FLORIDA TO NEW YORK,

BOSTON & THE EAST.


Short Rail Ride to Savannah.

Thence via Ship, Sailings from Savannah, Four Ships Each
Week to New York, a nd Two to Boston.
All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules.
Write for general information, sailing schedules, stateroom reservations,


or call on
E. H. Hinton, Traffic Manager,
Savannah, Ga.


Walter Hawkins, Genl Agt.
224 W. Bay St., Jacksonville, Fla.


__ ___~~_~_ __ ___1 __


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THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


prima donna.
Manager-Why not?
Librettist-Her enunciation is so per-
feet that everybody will be able to un-
derstand what I have written.-Syra-
cuse Herald.
CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE.

"You don't mean," said Dolly. "that
her color is not genuine?"
"Oh. I wouldn't breathe a word
against her," replied Madge. "But
you know her father is a painter and
decormatr."-Phlladelnhia North Am-


in a dream. When he could catch his
brveith to Speua, he aslued:
"Which one?"
"Oh, any one"' she replied. "'The
feet are all mixed up in all of them."
-Chicago Times-Herald.

She-It's a woman's privilege to
change her mind.
IIe-Yes, but on one point she never
does.
She-When, for instance?
He-When she considers herself
nrettv.-Philadelnhia Press.


Plant System.


WIT TIB JOKER. THE ILLUSION.
-"Whiat hoautlful poechos!" said an
AS HE VIEWED IT. old lady as she stopped at a stall in
Common Person-Have you ever met the market and admired a basket of
the talented Miss Bung? the choice fruit. They were covered
Great Author-No, never. The tal- with a pink gauze and looked very
rented Miss Bung has met me several tempting indeed.
times, however.-Chicago Record. The old lady bought tne peaches and
took them home. The next day she
SADIE'S POPULARITY. appeared again at the stall and showed
"What a favorite in society little the stall keeper a small piece of pink
Sadie Singleton is-with the men, I veiling.
mean! Yet she isn't pretty, and her "Do you keep that kind of veiling for
figure is bad. I suppose they like her gale?"' she asked.
because her disposition is so lovely." The stall keeper told her that he did
"Lovely fiddlesticks! They like her not.
because somebody started the story "Well," she said, when I took those
that she is a favorite niece of a child- peaches home they were small and
less old uncle with a trunk full of cop- sour and green, and I thought if I
per stocks."-Cleveland Plain Dealer. could get some of that veiling that
made them look so pretty and plump
OVERWHELMING PROOF. in the basket I'd wear it myself. If it
H. Irving Stromer-I tell you, he would improve me as much as it did
doesn't want it known .that he's an the peaches, people would think I'd
actor! He's ashamed of his sublime found the elixir of youth."-London
profession! Fun.
E. Booth Barnes-What proof have
you? OIR A FEW CLOTHES LINES.
L. Irving Stormer-Why .oes he Ida-Sometimes a few lines will
wear a mUetaChe?-Brooklyn Life. cause a woman no end of worry.
May-Yes; especially if they happen
IN THE ARTIST'S ROOM. to be.in your face.-Chicago News.
Potgtausend-My friend, it is kolos-
Msa! most remark-worthy! You remind THE PROPER THING.
me on Rubenstein, but you are better She-Isn't that a duck of a bonnet
as he. the doctor's wife ha. on?
Pianist (pleased)-Indeed! How? He-Yes, and its very appropriate
Potzausend-In de bersbiration. My too.
friend Rubeinstein could never bers- She--Howi so?
pire so much!-Punch. He-Her husband's a quack.-Chi-
cago News.
THE CENTURY SQUABBLE.
"Anieent looking Individual, isn't A POINT OF RESEMBLANCE.
They were dancing. The music was
"Yep. Looks as If he might date heavenly. The swish of her silken
back to the year 1." skirts was delightful. The fragrance
"Excuse me, but you mean the year of the roses upon her bosom was al-
naught most intoxicating.
Then the fight begins.-Cleveland "Ah," she said. looking up into his
Plain Dealer. face and smiling sweetly "you remind
me of one of V hitman's poems!"
THE COMIC OPERA. A sudden dizziness seemed to seize
Librettist-I don'f like that new him. It was if he were floating along


.. -- 5 .40pi............ 700a ...... Lv .. Pt Tampa via Str... Ar ............ ...... 9.00a ...
pricn. .p...... Io.a 8.00a ...... Lv ... St. Petersburg .. Ar.. . 10.0p l0.30p 8.00a....
Eggs8 in 'Winter,. -.3ap ...... 5.55a ............Lv .. Belleair .... ....Ar ......| 9.35p 9.35p 7.20a ......
MORE INFORMATION. e8.40p .......i .............. Ar .... Tarpon Springs .... Lv ...... 8.5p 8.p 6.32a ......
MTime was when the production of ............. 10.25a .............. ....... Leesburg ..... Ar ..Al..... ......
Tommy- aw w eg ...........12.l5p ........... Lv..Lv .... ..Ocala ........Ar ...... 3.10p 6.55p .........
Tommy-ay, paw. winter eggs was a highly remunera- ......... ............ ..... Gainesville .... ..Lv.. i.00p ........... ..
Mr. Fig-Well? tie business well fitted to raise up ...... 5.22p ........... Lv Live Oak .......Ar ...... ...... 12.5..........
"Wha~ut ps .optimist?" 6.091) ..........L ........JaPCr ....... ... rl .. _lip .
h t i n optimist? and hen houses but the man who al- ........... 9.p .... Ar ....... across .. ....Lv ...... ...... .0a.........
"An optimist is a man that is always lows himself to be lured into the win- I'LANT STEAMSHIP .LINE-STEAMSHIPS ( LI ETTE AND MASCOTTE.
expecting things he never gets."-In- r eeSat.. tVed. and Mon....... 12.30plLv .... Havana .. .... Ar 6.Oa ...... Wed. Sat. and Mon.
ti tit ter egg business now influenced by the Sat. \\ed. and Mn........ 17.30p;Ar .... Key est .... 9.00p ...... Tues., Fri. and Sun.
SPre seductive cackle of an optimistic Sat.. Wed. and Mon........ .30plLv .... Key West .... .Ar 3.OOp...... Tues.. Fri. and Sun.
dianps Pres seductive cackle of an optimistic old Sun.. Thur. and Tues...... 2.30plAr .... Port Tampa .. Lv|.00p .......Mon. Thurs. and Sat.
AN EFFULGENT FEATURE. hen has not properly canvassed the Further information, reservations, tickets, etc., may be obtained of agents, or
tain. H. C. McFadden. Div. Pass. Agent,
"Don't you think his face is very tuation. 138 W. Bay Street, Jacksonville. Fla.
plipn?" Times have changed. It is exped- R. G. IRWIN, M. F. PLANT, B. DUNHAM, B. W. WRENN,
President. Vice-President General Supt. Pass. Traf. Mgr.
"Not when It lights up." lent now that the winter egg literature S. R. RKNOTT, Vice-President.
"Well, It seems to me that nose of be renovated and made over on a new
his lights up all the time."-Cleveland pattern. There is too much of a dis- level prices by raising the summer eighteen cent k th win
Plain Dealm position to throw around the subject price and lowering the extravagant reaches eighteen cents keep. the win-
the halo of "the olden golden glory figures which were formerly obtained ter price so low that the winter egg
AN IN CNTTVE TO PATTENC of the days gone by." As a matter of in winter. It is practically impossible man lardly gets a 8lleiNt adva&fce
Tailor-Look here! I have worried fact a new element has now to be for eggs now to reach ruinously low to pay for his cayenne pepper and dip-
myself sick over that bill of yours. reckoned with, and the man who re- prices in summer because of the con- lomacy.-National Truckman.
Casket (the undertaker)-That's all fuses to take it into account is not stant cold storage buying which be-
right old man. It worst comes to wise. gins as soon as they reach twelve No mistake about making money in
wort, you ean take it out in trade.- Cold storage has come to stay and 'cent a dozen, while the unloading of truck growing. Too many people are
TIBita the result of its coming has been to stock which sets in when the price now making It, to admit of any doubt.


THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


.irtnuound-Read Down. [ TIME TAILE [ Southbound-Read Up.
6 ti i 78 i 32 In Effect December 10, 199 1 23 1 21 1|
........i. 9.4. a...... .OplLv ...... ort lampa .... Arl......ll0.wapl 9.Ipl i.3ual......
...... ...... . ..... ILv .. .T. liotei ... ....Ar ... ..I .. .....l .....
... ... l.......10a...... 7.3opLv .. .....Tampa .......Ar!...... l d-~P s.0pI i.U al .....
...... i ...... i.p; ...... 0.lplLv ..h.. issimmee ........Ar|......J i a I b .U4pl 4.p l ....(.
2p......i... l.l...... U.pLv ... .. .Orlando .......Arl...... [caial o.3apl .uia .....
.......,..... ; .p..... 11.2p|Lv ... ..\V inter Park .. ....Ari...... |ti(o-l a.4upI ."-a| ......
...... ......I 2.35pl...... l2.Ala Lv ... ..... anford .... ....Ar ......icneiue 4. pi .p .ual.. ....
......I ... I 4.2api ............ Ar .. ..... DeLand .... ....Lvi ...... ......I api ...... ......
.. ........ ....................c nd ...... .Arl....... .......1 l. t& pi......I.....
1.0-i ..i .pi... ..... 2.40-a|Lv ........at.. ..i .0at 2.W0pil..4Aal e. lp
-.iupi....t.. UpI ..... 4.iUajAr .. JACKSON ILLE Lvj...... S.ala .lt.ApVi.uu>pjt .Uvp
S...... ...... i 5.20al...... Lv ... St. Petersburg ..... Ari ...... 10..pl. ..............
S................. i 5.5aa..... Lv ..... Belleair ..... ....Ar ... ... p...... ... .....
...... ...... ...... 10.2a......|Lv ...... Leesburg .... ...Ar ..... 4.Sopi...... ........
,.U a a ........... 12.1p ...... Lv.. --- ala .... .... -AT ........ .
Y.Oai ........ .... At ..... ...Aainesville ...... L ...... ............
...ua .... .... I i p ...... ILv .... .. Gainesville ... ..Ar...... 2. p ...... ...... p
lu ....a...... ......i 3.4api...... Lv ..... ..Palatka ... ......Ar ...... 11.iJa ....... ...... p
.i.l 0upi...... ...I 6.tpi ...... Ar .. JALKbuNVILLE Lvl ...... i.Oa ...... ...... .tup
Local \ ia So Ry.Via A C L. Via A C L Via So Ry. Local

Z \s | I I I 32 .33 3 35 S la | la
;.ou; Uteo i.4aplS.OUaI 7.45p! 8.u00aL. J'VILLLE. AIll.o0al 7.3ua 9.2ai i.40pil0.U0pIlU.4Up
awUa; .UUal J.Zop 9.aUa. lu..2upIL(A.uaIA.. V'cross.. L110.00al 5.a 7.aa a .p ,.& pI bS.40p
..... 1U.,a,.n 1ap,12.1Upi 1.ioalU.zopA.. Savann'h ..LI 7.40al .Sai .iUa\ 3.Zap| b.UUpl.....
.... .... .. .... I3a 4.- ap|A.. Cha'ston. ..Li 5.14ajl.lapi............ ... ......
............. .pl 6.0'ai ".ZD0p| ..2oaTA.. Kichm'd. ..LI 7.30p i.05ai.U01p111.UUp...... ......
.. ....... .6 o0pi ------.... A.. Colunmba L -- 1 .l-ai--.-a .... ......
........... i 9.4Ua 8.4pl...... L....I A.. Char.t ... L ..... itU.upi b .a... ....
.............. 3.4lpi 2.uaij...... I ...... A . Lyncliu g ..L ...... ...... u .iopj t.2 2a ...... ......
......... b.Upi .laaill. il ;.UlaA.. asn ; u ..Li n .4op l.-0aii..laai R.JUp..........
............ l 1.u-pl La l.tla I.U .Oai A.. Balti,, L, .i, ;.-.jpl Z.aJ 6.izal s.2.p|..... (.....
......I 2.. aall.ja a 3.0UallO.-5aA.. .Philade.ra .L,2.Wpp1.UIaaI 3.aal L.U p ...... ......
........ ti.. B a! 2.Wps ti.53a, 1.TUPpIA.. New lrk .LI .2aOa i .aUpli2.OaI 3.ipl ..... .....
..... ....i A.WpllU.Wpi; i.Wpl b.ouApA.- .Uos,.. ..L .i.aip, 1.Up, a.Upl .l Ual...... .....
La D, 'ly Ex. Sun. ) i
..&o, \ia So Ry Via L&N.I Other ir.un ia L&N. Via So Ky. IMt&
i._ R. iDaily I i I.R.
,, 14 16 I 7S I 32 I 21 I 13 1 1 1 I o i 3
.-i..pi .4.op, ..4Spi 5.OUai 'i.4jpi b.ooa]L.. J'\ 1.LLE ..AI 7.30a|10.40p30a 1 30al0.00pi .2oa, i.&au
lI.p 9.2, 4[ 7.10a10.40pI10.20aL. ;.Wcross. ..A5.Oal 3 6.24al 7.41 9p .2a .,a
...... i0.40pi a ........... ... .Jesup... ..L ...... ...... 5.30a 7. p ..... ......
...... 1.1 ...... .......... 12.55a .... ...... ...
... .... 5.2 .5p ..... pA .. tan a ..L ..... .. 0.4 ..... ......
...... ......... a 1. ip ......I......A... B'niroo ...... L ..4 a &. p 6.ta| ...... ......
........ i. ..... p.a 6 p 6 P .. Nash. .. i |.a pa ...... ......I... .. .. .
....... ...... .b0ap l.Op]A .. "lie m h ..Ll a ....... ...1a 0 .......... Ua
., .A...... ... ..... ... l p l. : .. ...... ...... I ...... t. p
............ 2.UaIl0.ipl. il aA... Br'.am. ..L| .pI 8.42a 4.40p b.0Ua ...... I ......
...... ; ......, 6.5apl 6.4Ua] ti.ipi B.WOaiA.. Nash.,,;. ..Li a.l la| I2Zia 9.10al 9.0pi ............
...... ...... .5 p, 7.4Uap. i.opi 4.0IpIA.. \ -em h.... n LI 6. iap 2.v1p S.la 8.0Up',............
......i.....l .Up 7.50a| 2.30a12.2op|A.. Lou i,.e ..L; 2.ooal .12p .4oa, .4p............
...... ...... ip, 7.45ai 7.Oal| 4.UiplA.. Line nas:. ..L;il.Wp i.4p .3 b.SpI...... ......
..5iaa ......i 7.4ai d6.Opi 7.20aI 7.16piA. St. L .ui. ...Li Sb.5p' 8.40a 9.p 8.08a|...... .0p
p ..... .13ai a.ZiVpi .USal b.iiplA.. Chicg.~. ..i., i.4aop 1l.0p &.3U0pIp [...... 1 .la
.jp,.... .. O.0a| 7.4Oa| 5.4opj 5..OaIA.. K. Cly... ..L 9.tail0.4ap, 6.2pi 9.0pi ...... 9.50a
.. 6. .. ....... ...... .....|A.. Coium bia ..L ...A.. a ..... ...... ..........I 1.2al ......
......i 40p, ...... i...... ...... ...-...A .. A she 'i; ie. I..L ...... .................. 3 p ......
.. .I .2U p ... ...... ..... .. ... .. .. .. ...... ..... ...... 8. a ......
S;. a............ ..... i.. ... A.. .Lmnc ai. ... ..L ...... I ...... ...... ... .. 8.00pl......
........ ..... ...11.22a 9.35piL.. M'go'ery. ..A t.1al S.00p .................. ...
S. . ...... 4.12p 3.(ualA .. MN >b;e..e. .J.12.20al2.i p ...... ...... ...... ......
.......... ...... ... 8 .30p| 7.4OaA..A N. OU iveans .j -..j. pf ..5al ...... ..... ...... ....
32 and 35 (via A. C. L. and Pensylvania R. R).-NEW YORK, FLORIDA A.D1
\\ESi INDIA LIMITED-Carry Vestibule Coaches between Jacksonville and Washing-
ton and Pullman Sleepers between Port Tampa, Jacksonville and New York.
UNITED STATES FAST XAIL.
35 and 36 (via So. Ry. and Pennsylvania R. R.) carry Vestibule Coaches between Jack-
snvi ic and \ ashington, Pullman Sleepers between Miami, Jacksonville and New York;
a., 'unaman Sleepers between Jacksonville and Cincinnati via Asheville and Knoxville.
7S and 2. carry Pullman Sleepers between Jacksonville and New York via A. C. L. and
'Pennsvivan:a R. R., between St. Petersburg, Jacksonville and St. Louis via Montgomery
and L. & N. R. R., and between Jacksonville and St. Louis via Montgomery and M. & O.
1NEW YORK AND FLORIDA EXPRESS.
33 and 34 via So. Ry. and Pennsylvania R.R.) carry Vestibule Coaches between Jack-
sonivillc and Washington Pullman Sliceper between Port Tampa. Jacksonville and New
\ ur.k and Dining Car between Savannah and Charlotte.
32 and 21 carry Pullman Sleepers between Port Tampa, Jacksonville and Louisville, and
e ec;,nt day coaches between Jacksonville and Cincinnati via Montgomery and L. & N.
R. R.
14 and 13-CINCINNATI AND FLORID LIMITED-Solid vestibule trains, with
Pullman Sleepers, between Jacksonville and Cincinnati via Jesup, So. Ry. and Q. & C.
Route; also Pullman Sleepers between Jacksonville and Kansas City via Jesup, Atlanta Bir-
mingham, Memphis and K. C. F. S. & M. Ry., and between Jacksonville and St. Louis
via Jessup, So. Ry., Q. & C., Louisville and L. E. & St. L. Ry.
CINCINNATI DAY EXPIRES.
16 and l1i-SOLID VESTIBULE TRAINS between Jacksonville and Cincinnati, with
Pullman Sleepers between oPrt Tampa, Jacksonville and Cincinnati So. Ry. and (. & C.
162 78 1 32 I i I 5 ly 35 161 I
I Daily Str. IDaily Via Gulf Coast LineDailyDaily
....... 4.20a....... 1.| ....!Lv .. Pt. Tampa via Ry.. .. Ax ...... 10.30pl .30pl...... I ......
....... 5.00aoj........... Lv ....... Tampa .. ...... 9.55p 9.55p ...... ......
...... ..... ......I 3. plILv Punta Gorda .... ..Ar...... 12.0a ...... ......
.... ...... I 6.45a ...... I 7. pAr .... ...Lakeland ..... Lv....v 9.10p 9.10 ...... ....






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Ctl.o Netdin in Florida.
The Times-Union and Citizen recent-
ly published an interesting article in
reference to cattle feeding in Florida,
and the comparative value of the dif-
ferent feed stuffs experimented with
by Dr.. Stockbridge at the experiment
station at Lake City. The article in
question is as follows:
Yesterday afternoon a representative
of the Times-Union and Citizen, by re-
quest, visited the stockyards of Hart &
Smith, in the southwestern suburbs, to
witness the weighing of some cattle.
These cattle, twelve in number, had
been purchased by Prof. H. E. Stock-
bridge of the State Experiment Station,
for the purpose of instituting some
feeding experiments. They were all na-
tive to the State, and afforded a fair ob-
ject lesson as to what Florida can ac-
complish with cattle of good blood.
There was a yoke of red polled steers
which weighed 1,930 pounds, or 965
each, and a large red steer which
weighed 1,170. The remaining nine
head averaged 797 pounds each, and
they are young enough to add two or
three hundred pounds to this figure
when mature. These cattle were at once
shipped to the experiment, station,
where they will be divided into four
equal lots' and fed on different feed
stuffs to test their value for beef-mak-
ing.
Probably few of our citizens are
aware of the extensive operations car-
ried on in the suburbs by these enter-
prising feeders. They handle about
four thousand cattle a year, and last
fall there was purchased for them a win-
ter supply of 750 ton. of cottonseed
hulls and about a fifth as much cotton-
seed meal.. They are confined to two
fields, one of twenty acres, one of fif-
teen and number about eight hundred
at present. An artesian well dug for
the especial use of the cattle makes a
good-sized brook pouring across the
fields. The feeding-boxes are scattered
widely around in order to fertilize the
land somewhat equally. One of the
fields has been partly plowed already in
anticipation of the spring planting, and
the entire area will be planted at the
proper season.
These cattle now here are generally
larger than the Jacksonville market re-
quires, and a large part of them will
probably be shipped to Cuba. In one
of the fields are several hundred bulls,
several of which will no doubt ultimate-
ly figure in the bull-rings of Havana
and other cities of Cuba, though the
Cubans have no quarrel with bull beef,
Cattle as seen in the butcher pens of
the State are younger and smaller now
than they used to be twenty years ago.
This is because the Cuban demand has
caused the herds of the State to become
depleted, and two-year-old steers are
now frequently seen in the pens, where
formerly nothing was drafted out for
beef until it was four or five years old.
The feedstuff used here is entirely the
product of the upland cotton plant, be-
ing the hulls and the meal. These are
purchased in Georgia at various points,
and a stock is accumulated in the fall
because then they are cheaper. One of
the proprietors stated that so sharp has
been the advance in hulls since he pur-
chased his present stock that he could
make more money now by retailing
them than he expects to clear by feed-
ing them to his cattle. These hulls ap-
pear to be very tasteless and worth:ess
as feed, yet it is stated that they would
sustain stock in fairly good condition
without any gain. But with the ad-
dition of the meal in the proportion ol


one pound of meal to five of the hulls
an admirable feedstuff is created which
lays on fat rapidly. It is heating and
oily; it creates thirst in the cattle; they
drink largely, thus alternating between
the tanks and the feed boxes, giving the
weaker ones a chance as well as the


tober, plowed it In deep, for cotton,
which he planted the next March. He
was very much disappointed because
the yield was but a small per cent.
above the previous year with no ma-
nure. His subsoil was deep and open,
and the strength of his one hundred


Last but not least, nearly every state
has an agricultural experiment sta-
tion, from which books and pamphlets,
giving exhaustive treatises on the sub-
ject. may be had for the asking.-W.
F. Adams in Home and Farm.


stronger- loads nad soaaea aoout tour or nve upland nice in oriona.
It is calculated that a piney-woods na- inches below where his cotton roots Any land that is not too thirsty will
tive steer will do about the best that is grew. make good rice if not too poor, as it re-
in him in an average of a hundred days. I have seen men who thought they quires as good land for rice as any
Beyond that he will become clogged on were manuring their land when they other crop. Rice drains heavily on the
the sameness and get "off his feed." were hauling out ton after ton of soil.
During that period he will consume lumpy stable and yard "stuff" that The preparation should be like that
from $8 to $12 worth of feed, averaging looked like so many loads of plug to- for cotton, bedded out three or three
about $10 worth, and will double in val- Dacco. some or it burned black by its and a nalr feet. except th e nrie oul
ue. own heat. be sown in the water furrow; it is a
Many people have an exaggerated That is a picture of the ordinary water plant, and needs to be kept
idea of the profit in feeding Florida cat- farmer, and he is to be forgiven if he down. Open out the water furrow
tie for market. The competition has does not read agricultural journals, or with six-inch round shovel, sow rice
become so active that it has cut the books written by the leading agricul- and fertilizer all in together. Two
price in beef, and the principal profit tourists of our day. But there is anoth- hundred pounds acid phosphate and
lies in a careful husbanding of the offal, er class who pay out good money for one peck rice is sufficient for an acre.
The hides are worth about $3.5o apiece chemical fertilizers, read much, and Cover all with six or seven-inch turn
and form an important part of the in- should know better, but they scatter it plow, and when the rice begins to peep
come. Next comes the tallow, which is indiscriminately over the field, with- through take a heavy straight edge
extracted by steaming in a large tank out regard to its chemical con- board and board off. You wil see the
into which steam is conveyed through a tents; the chemical contents of rice bend down as you go, but will
pipe down to the bottom, whence it ris- demands of the plants it is supposed 'soon straighten up and grow rapidly.
es up through the mass. The bones to feed. Like the Chinese doctor, they i The boarding off ten or fifteen days
are worth about half as much as the tal- give the patient a solution containing from time of planting will destroy the
low; then comes the blood, lastly the all the drugs in their dispensary, and first coat of grass and give the rice a
tankage. All the appliances for say- trust to ohe of them striking and prov- good start. After this it may be culti-
ing these articles of offal are imperfect ing an antidote for the disease. vated with wing swevp and radie.
and wasteful, and the proprietors have First, knowing what vegetable you From March 10 to April 1 is a good
ordered and expect soon a better plant want soil to grow, find the component time to plant, though the earlier plant-
which will effect a large saving, parts of that vegetable; then by an ing is advisable, that it may escape the
.The cottonseed hulls are linty and ad- analysis find if the soil is lacking in fall drouth. The rice should be cut as
here together tolerably well so that these parts. If so then your for- soon as it is out of the milky stage.
they are shipped in bulk by the carload. tilizer should contain what the soil is when the blades are green, as this In-
The mass is handled with large, wide lacking in and the vegetable to lbe sures the best feed for stock. Rice is
pitchforks with close tines. It is haul- grown demands. When you have done an excellent crop, as everything on the
ed in wagons eight or ten feet high. that you have reduced fertilizing to a farm loves rice. If reader will try this
These two fields will be planted in science, and will reap the full benefit plan and don't make good rice he
corn after the cattle are taken off, and of every cent spent, and every furrow should try Mr. Summerkamp's plan.-
the proprietors contemplate trying an plowed. Until you have reduced it to H. F. (IGiner in Home and Farm.
experiment with a shredder. The corn a science and mastered the science,
will be cut up, wilted a day or two, you sow your time, money, fertilizer, SOMETHING OF A JOKE.
then shocked and cured and finally run seed and labor carelessly, rea)piun "Stolen kisses are sweetest," he said.
through the shredder, which husks out only partial results, unless by chance "'low I dislike a man who doesn't
the ears and converts the fodder into you happen to "just strike it right." practice what he preaches," she re-
hay. If it could be properly cured and Some may ask, "How are we to turned.
saved the fodder on these two fields know the relative values of fertilizer Occasionally a man has to be jarred
would probably make over a hundred and what our soil is deficient in, or 'icfoie lie realizes what is going on.-
tons, so rich is the soil; then a heavy what each plant demands?" C'hicago Post.
crop-perhaps two crops-of crabgrass There are various ways, one of
hay could be harvested, thus saving a which is experience. We should know HOME STUDY.
considerable outlay for "roughness." in one or two years' culture what veg- Prof. Draughon has prepared books
etable foods soil is deficient in by the on bookkeeping, penmanship, and
Waste of Fertilisers on the armn. crops they raise on them. Then there shorthand, especially suited for home
There is probably not another item are the agricultural papers and books. -tudy. Hundreds of persons holding
on the farm that is wasted like fertlli-


zer, both chemical, which is paid tor
in good hard cash, and the home-made,
which means money if properly
cared for. In the first plece, the quint-
essence of the stable manure is lost
by being trodden under foot till it be-
comes heated and hard, or if it is tak-
en out daily Is piled in a corner of the
lot or under the eaves of the shed,
where all the manurial value is drain-
ed out into the earth beneath it, every
time it rains. The urine is lost, which
is one of the strongest elements in the
value of stable manure. All of these
errors could be guarded against by
moving the drippings daily, with the
urine diffused through it, and all kept
under a shed to protect it from the
rain. A grave mistake is made by
hauling it out before the land is brok-
en in the fall and plowed under deep.
The winter's rain leaches out all the
fertilizer value and leaves a substance
with about as much value to the crop
tnat Is to be planted as so much asnes
that have been dripped. I have in
mind a farmer who hauled one hun-
dred loads of good, carefully prepared
and finely mixed stable manure in Oc-


SEND-US ONE DOLLAR
ailh Ms& L ee4 .ed H qA.r rie .'...-" nl ad u t.isE w
iLiNaOVED AcEu QuLE riais 035*5, by aciak, "i='.?ati:te
.aalt Ts o Yoan examine it at yournearest freight
and if you find It exactly sa r leeveted, equal to organs t1Ca
retail at*L to liS. thesrate t value youever saw and
far better than organs aderisei by others at more mIne Jy
th. freight agent our special 90 days' Olr p'. S3.75,I
less the 81.00, or 41.5, and freight rgm an
$31.75 IS OUR SPECIAL 90 DAYS' PRICE ifib
sdt ethms. Sehk am ter was never made belre.
AH1 ACM= UEEN Is one ofthesmDAuiaA N Nm
is s s sl From the illn uon shown, which
is engraved direetfrom 'a faP ormsome dsaofite
beautiful appearance. 3=2e 1 quarter sawed
oak, antique finish, a181omeiySt dorandOrAfnted,
latest 18Sltyle. tOEn CN iie nctlne ehigh,
inches long, inches wlde and werigs pound on-
tains u octle l stoo follows: Bm- rridJi l,
Bad.. Ceac as..., ,ris
e..4s f l'I.
aeoen 1 a r Role"
belbows a a iest-thel i4 valves.
r.10medestoo s 1koed I Set of
34NsosUsS h s adso 1 w sebt e"o 1
Used in i the ighSt gra hltumaSi A ithss .


GU=R=ATEED YEARS. a"T
leathers, ste, bellows of theibt irubbertelsi c u3-l
bellow tockand finest leather in orales. T
ACME IUEZN IU tfr-shed writh a M1 beveled
pie wrefnch mirror, nickel plated pedl rael,

os ReUsLIA MLITE ESTABLISH i i
GUARANTEED 2h 5 YEAR iot -Sw
ime a written binding =ye guarantee, by the
tems and oditions of which If l part g tes o
wesepair tt (bee era g. Try it one month ande r
we ll rseud or money it you are not perfectly
salofed. NO o these orW4% wi be a old $.1 IS. it.
A RDE AT ONCE. S DELAT. at ne a
OUm RELIAILITY IS EITABLUInEDh a -
not dealt irfth us ask your neighbor aBout uas.write -- -- ---- -
the pablisher of this paperor Metropolitan National
Dank or Oorn Exchange at. Bank, Cicago; or German Exchange Bank, New York; 0
omenpaiq In Chloago. We IMFe &I e nr o -1O.O.eO, occupy entire one of the i
C6hi0oo, and 0mpToy nearly 2,* people in our om building. WK SELL ORBGSA AT SSL
l ep algo oerything i mtdoal Instrument at lowest wholesale prices. Write for I
i[R*K ROEB CK W 0. (18L) p. Fastst O sins Sad Waym StIs..


r




M THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


BURNED


A High-Grade Fertilizer
MUST HAVE
QUALITY! REPUTATION!

"THii ID A T." BRANDS-
h, -r HAV E TH ES E. ^^'
Then why pay $35.00 and $40.00 per ton when you.can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following p ices:
IDEAL FRUIT AND VINE. ........... .$30.00 per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops)......... .$27.00 per ton
IDEAL BLOOD. BONE AND POTASH.....$25.' 1 per ton
IDEAL POTATO MANURE ................ $30.00 per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $25.W per ton
IDEAL VEGETABLE MANURE............ $30.00 per ton CORN FERTILIZER. ..................... $2o.oo per ton
All fertilizer material at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTILIZERS
WILSON & TOOMER FERTIT JZTR COMPANY,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
VW"-. r ann$ t ol alnd UBo 1'7 non pew T m ".atllsnd fluan.'Ph Tel7 1 T'ih.b en tr nliVe $4 On p.. *-I