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The Florida agriculturist
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047911/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Florida agriculturist
Uniform Title: Florida agriculturist (De Land, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ;
Language: English
Publisher: Kilkoff & Dean
Place of Publication: DeLand Fla
Creation Date: January 3, 1900
Publication Date: 1878-1911
Frequency: monthly[1908-june 1911]
weekly[ former 1878-1907]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- De Land (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Volusia County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Volusia -- DeLand
Coordinates: 29.02889 x -81.30055 ( Place of Publication )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 15, 1878)-v. 38, no. 6 (June 1911).
Numbering Peculiarities: Numbering is irregular.
Numbering Peculiarities: Some issues for 1911 also called "New series."
General Note: Publisher: E.O. Painter, <1887>.
General Note: Editor: C. Codrington, 1878- .
General Note: "A journal devoted to state interests."
General Note: Published at Jacksonville and De Land, <1902>-1907; at Jacksonville, 1907- .
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000941425
oclc - 01376795
notis - AEQ2997
lccn - sn 96027724
System ID: UF00047911:00001
 Related Items
Preceded by: Volusia County herald (De Land, Fla.)

Full Text





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Vol. XXVII, No. 1. Whole No. 1352. DeLand. Fla., Wednesday, January 3, 1900. $2 per Annum, in Advance.


Potatoes in 8t. Johns County.
The Times-Union and Citizen Is pub-
Slishing an interesting series of articles
on farming operations at Hastings in
ft. Johns county. Recently we repro-
duced one of these articles on cane
culture, and below we give the second
of the series. This article treats of
the Irish Potato:
Irish potatoes are at present the
principal money crop, although per-
haps sweet potatoes may outclass
them this season, as very large ship-
'ments are being made. According to
railroad reports the shipments of Irish
potatoes from Hastings for 1809 were
something over 9,000 barrels, and the
season was unfavorable to a good
yield, the average per acre being be-
low thirty barrels. A yield of thirty
-- wbsrrel Is generally considered not
Sort speaking about; one ,i forty
barrels is fair; fifty and over good.
"Budding" the Seed.-This differs
S from greening onJy in the length of
time during which the tubers are ex-
posed and in their being set up on the
stem ends to causb the shoots to start
from the seed ends, leaving the other
buds dormant. Potatoes used for this
purpose are about the size of eggs.
C. G. White showed us a room in
which he had six or seven barrels of
seed potatoes thus exposed, on which
the sprouis were already started an
Inch or so In length, stiff and stubby,
showing a strength which would re-
sist considerable rough usage. He
,keeps them exposed this way six
weeks or more. The object Is to give
Sthe sprouts age, so that when planted
| they produee mature potatoes two or
woeks earlier than would seed
He buds only a
.part oa (olay.
the Island o;IA wy, -Where this
te originated, larger potatoes are
Vsed than above mentioned; and as
--mMy as thirty or forty barrels per
Y aere are planted. The average yield
there is 900 bushels per acre over a
et o ten or twelve years. This
'methd of budding is considered of
a Hir~ogp3It e than the preparation
:f1d' a l and that is not neglected

^ :L AX Ut, m I should be exposed
Says at least, being
E ta t anto give all the
ie are then less
planted, and some


.tb exposure kills
W01 there may be
0ifoavelt a health-

Sp- toes
g hamnf;
the
4t. 4 ,
:.-.


sprouts. C. G. White used last year
an Aspinwall planter, but he has dis-
carded this for a better one, the im-
proved Robbins. The planting is us-
uallty done from January 15 to Febru-
ary 1. and in the course of several
years only one crop has been seriously
injured by late frosts. Before the
young tubers begin to set a killing
frost damages the plant comparatively
little. Given a good-sized piece,
properly planted, the greatest damage
done is that the young plant is retard-
ed and the tuber sends up too many
sprouts. This varies with the variety.
The variety also should be considered
in determining the size of the seed
piece. Mr..Carmen, the potato spec-
ialist. points out that not all the eyes
on some varieties will sprout.
In a memorandum furnished to us,
C. G. White writes: "1'. B. Terry'
may be right when he says that ferti-
lizing potatoes with potatoes is bad
business but I do not believe it. The
argument for a good-sized seed piece
is this: The potato is a few days ear-
lier. We sell. on a falling market and
a day or two may mean $1 a barrel.


and nine inches high; when sua:u- should not be too well ventilated:
made five feet apart. The seed a;re Iest, I believe. Many ruined ship
cove;re:l as near 4 inches deep as po.- clients can be traced to sunning and
sible. The ridge is a necessity ui or- heating. I put potatoes up wet rather
der to get the potato in a place whl;re than allow them to get warm before
it will stand the hot southern sun af- going into the barrel. I have nevei
ter a heavy rain, and it must be made aod a complaint on the condition ef
large, in order not to dry out too goods on arrival at market during the
quickly. The best farmers have tried five years I have shipped. I always
low and small ridges until they know ship all-rail.
that it is a condition, not a theory.' "Another point is, get a good coin-
that confronts them. No really xoodi mission man and stick to him. If
crop has been produced in low ridg,.:.. y our potatoes are good and are hon-
and the same is true c.f sweet po~-- estly packed people will be* on the
toes. lookout for them. and the commission
The fertilizer is usually applied atni man can get better prices for know
mixed in before ridging; to fertile goods on the fag-end of the market
and plant at the same. time is bail than he can for a strange lot. as good
farming. After ridging, split and or better. Buyers like a sure thing
plant, and the greater pains taken, the vI wen It can be procured Without any
bettr-ThFIff ff! "A, ed Is co.ricl te'dl7 -r e.. Ifh-Biuan cw)- *ll.h '
about three inches at first, then anotl.- a few barrels everywhere gets no rep
er inch Is added just as the plants station. But be sure of your con-
are breaking through which frequent- signee if possible.
ly saves them from frost. The aver "The best I have ever done in har-
age farmer then gives another horse vesting is 20 per cent. a barrel f. o. b.;
working and a superficial hoeing be- hauled 1 1-4 miles and charging rent-
fore laying by. More work would be ing rate for man and team, $3 per day.


It is less likely to rot and the result-] profitable.
ing plant is not so weakened by being The disc is an ideal tool to cover
killed to the ground. The good results with. One year a farmer'trith a bor-
of planting a uniform, fair-sized seed rowed dise covered a part of his crop
piece are all out of proportion to the along side a plot covered with a horse
increased cost. The man who throws hoe, and the only place where lie se-
away the seed end is also throwing cured a good stand was where he cov-
the earliest of his potatoes. If he ered with the disc. For hand cover-
does not cut to one eye but to the ing a rake is better than a hoe; it
size of the chunk, whether It contains fines the earth better and does the
one eye or four, this seed end will not work equally as fast.
bother him with small potatoes. If Fertilizing.-The Hastings farmers
there are too many eyes on it he can largely mix their own fertilizers out
cut a few off. The man who cuts to of blood and bone, cotton seed meal.
one eye almost invariably cuts too acid phosphate and sulphate of
fine as he nears the seed end, and per- potash. Nitrate of soda has
haps to such a one it is a necessity to not proved profitable so far. C. G.
throw away the seen end; but I White uses the following formula for
wish my seed potatoes were all one acre: Seven hundred pounds cot-
seed ends. I have found the stem end ton seed meal, a 1-4 per cent. ammo-
the poorest of the lot." nia. 700 pounds 14 per cent. acid phos-
Culture.-In this flatwoods soil the, hate; 300 pounds 90 per cent. sul-
trench system is too risky; the ridge phate of ammonia. He says: "This
system is a necessity. This, again. mixture has yet to be beaten in this
has its risks, as a drouth in April an! region." It is applied and well stirred
May may dry out the ridges and re into the ground a week before plant..
duce the yield materially. The earth ling.
mulch produced by constant shallow Harvesting, Shipping, Yield, Etc.-
culture is somewhat difficult to main- On this subject, C. G. White furnishes
tain on the slopes of the ridge, and the following memorandum: "There
here becomes apparent the value of ir- are two potato diggers In town, but I
rigation. A saturation of the ridges prefer hand work; barring off each
with the irrigation waters has been side of the ridge with a plow makes
more than once followed by A rain, it easy work. We barrel in the field,
causing some injury; but there are using a press to put the head in.
more Instances where irrigation has Potatoes are sorted in three sizes, the
saved the crop, and increased the out- smallest being picked up later and not
put to a very profitable extent, shipped. Potatoes should be barreled
The ridges ar made four feet apart so they will not shrink, and the barrel


The best crop in this region was 1.M
bushels average on fifteen acres; best
acre, 250 bushels. The best price" I
ever got was for tw9 barrels of un-
sorted potatoes. dug because level cul-
ture was rotting them, and so soggy
I would not put my stamp on the bar-
rels, for it would Injure my later
trade. The two were shipped the 24th
of last April and sold for $15.
"Shipping is in full blast after the
first week in May usually. Net re- .4
turns last year were about $3.50 per
bai rel or deducting cost, including
rent of land, interest on money, labor,
team, fertilizer, seed, barrel, etc.
about $1 net profit. Net returns on
my crop usually run from $2.50 to 53
per barrel.
S"The most popular variety here is
Rose No. 4; it Is only occasionPlly
that any other sort equals it in tils
soil. The potato crop here has thus
far been exempt from blight, rot ang
other parasitic diseases. Potbta lhugs
are unknown. Despite the heavy,
damp soil, the tubers are starchy and
mealy; in the markets where Hast-
ing potatoes are known they are ini
special demand."
Second Crop.-In a niimber of fleld ,
we noticed fine crops of the second
planting, the plants in a few %g0' -.
barely showing a disoloration fb '* .
frist, though in asrt of the t
fifty miles or more fur~i
had already (December
Mr. White's pigld
rows of the t lvA
* "a
*; C*~ Y ." 4-J
**t.s... &- **


'S .~ k


.~..;


141JOURK~








THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


turned out five or six merchantail.
tubers per hill, while right along sidl
the Bliss Triumph did not yield half a;i
much. though receiving the ;-atmi cu -
ture. At Hastings the second or fall
crop of Irish potatoes is no lottery: it
is one of the certainties wn.-illy,
though not so sure as the sjp.-in-g ro;..
Thirty barrels is a very good fall crop.
Other Crops.-On this rich soil v. i-
vet beans grow with luxuriance. cov-
ering the entire surface with a layei
of foliage several inches deep after .
is settled down in the fall. To plow
this mass under is not an easy lalor.


l;.-t inethods of getting the best yilds enoutlh to get a good start. awnl iie
f'ioiim this ciop. that I all pti!su':l long dry spells we get in 3.il ailit
givte ai few points gaine I from ii':ln li- .tue keep plants set out in A.\': I im
.,i! exi)eiice and observations f,.: i i king enough growth of vines to i--
in!uiher of years in growing a sw\\e t ;vai;lablle for the general !lnI.I:In.
.:;,auto (cop. Land suitaille for sw-:ci wlhiclh should be done from ti, ..ildic
;r>tatoes tust lie warm in it hi1u:'wc. in ltt iindl of June, and it is itn I-.;;
i v aim i nndy land is my11 p1 ):''i':.;. iia;e this that the Ibnelit of proper fer-
It will d(, to follow almost an r ,t i a;ti(i siows itself. I have get far
i ;-I t ind it does extra well foloow\ii- L tter cl" ops froin vines set as I;ar ::-
lite c:op of oats or wheat, wit'i :!. the middle of July where the frnrili-
>-ili',l1 well plowed under; anl as z :., \ns of the proper character' tlan
1::( e S.rops are out of ,the way in tinmi l' fri tl'o:c, planted in April and '>iy
for tl'e sweet potato crop, it is imain !il i'i a olne-sided fertilizer. La-t ;o'ar
twN r'rop- in one season fcoin tile sai.!, wais a very unfavorable one for -'v.i-(


Mr. White employs a sulky plow, hal :n.!. The next point I wantt to l:isik' in potatoes. but I took two iundred :, 1
ing a disc cutter twenty inches in di- i- the fertilization of the crop. and ;o fo ty buslils per acre from laiI I f'. i-
anmeter, and throwing a furrow slice 2-(,t at this point intelligently. tile fill- !;: 1 s already indicated. and tirh
seventeen inches wide, though actu- ne' m: iust know the nature of his soil. Iines were not put in the ground until
ally -cutting only 11 inches wide. Iie iw :ht it is capable of doing for limit. !t!:, seventh day of July. while from
plows six to nine inches deep. It 1an by studying the results of the pre- laln fertilized with stable maniure on-


takes three mammoth mules. To e:l- i vil's crop on tile lanl. and its variety
able this to turn the beans down, :1 li can then come to a fair conclusion:
rolling coulter is atfixed to tie b)eapn l!- to what is wanted to get best iw-
and sharpened with a file every two iltr.. \Vi;te a head of cattle are
hours. In addition to this, he attach- kept. andi manlllure saved systoimatic-
es to the under side of the beam. from ally. (ns it ought to be done by every
plow handle to coulter hub. a stem (one1). it will make an excellent basis
having a shoe on the lower end of it. to work upon in conjunction within
which presses the mass of foiia:,c ci.in!rieiial fertilizers. Stable manure
close to the ground and enables the iacks potash and phosphate in sulti-
coulter to cut through it without clog- ;eant iqulantity to give a satisfactory
going. The coulter revolves in a slot yild. lnt by applying say two hiun-
in this shoe. Without this cutting of dred and fifty pounds per acre of mu-
the mass the plow could not turn it riate of potash. and about 400
down; with it, It is buried oult of poinds of phosphate a few weeks lie-
He esteems the velvet bean less than fore planting time. one will have as


I- a;t t!le late of ten tons pe-: acOre. and
vines set in April. 1 only got eighty-
Ca'or busheis. showing conclusively
l.hat tihe one-sided fertilizer was nlot
ill it: an 1 I have also notice that dur-
niL-r tlhe dry period that the land treat-
(d !o a; well-lialanced fertilizer re-
tinis moisture exceptionally well.
whereas land with a one-sided fertili-
zer sooner( dries up; so that in prepar-
iiin' for this. the most important crop
of the year. let us see to it that we
1egin right. A few dollars saved on a
pow' grade at beginning is bad policy,
whereas a few extra dollars on a good
grade brings back its own reward in


just a



cough
Not worth paying attention
to, you say. Perhaps you
have had it for weeks.
It's annoying because you
have a constant desire to
cough. It annoys you also
because you remember that
weak lungs is a family failing.
At first it is a slight cough.
At last it is a hemorrhage.
At first it is easy to cure.
At last, extremely difficult.



Agers



Cherry



Peccoral
quickly conquers your little
backing cough.
There is no doubt about
the cure now rinnnlt-htmm p


the beggarweed, at least for his soil n;oir n complete fertilizer for this crop i:n extla: good yiel(, at harvest time. from neglect.
and situation. It makes such a tang- :Is lie call possibly get: hut whou tlhre C. K. MeQuarrie. For over half a century
led mass of foliage that it as difficult is no stable 'manure to be ha!i. aboutl Ayee's during cold and cuhas
to harvest for hay as a field of morn- half a ton per acre of a high gEadl for- !'o rtl; Florida Agriculturist. and preventing consumption.
lng glory vines. Beggarweed. on the tilizer should be used. The analysis of From St. Petersburg. It cures Consumption also
other hand, if cut at the proper st'agv this fertilizer should lbe somewhat ai The orange crop of the lower sul;- if taken in time.
of growth, is as straight as timlotly:, filows: Say three per cent. nitro,.-l -i. l.in1ull! has ilen fully twenty-live Ic ef .AP P'c e
it stands up clear of tie ground inll I :ix per -e lut. phosphoric acid ahnd t'lln 1 1r cinllt liar'Cer than ever before. anld Mii Plastes eve B pw
not rotted or "tired" by tile soil, lhei:t or eleven per cent. potash. ('Coniii : 1Vwo-thirds of it has gone to market.
and the dampness. It needs to Ie cut (cal fertilizers of the character inl'- \iMot of this was sold on the tree at 0 I i C$IL
exactly at the right time, which is he- i:;te will give far more uniform si:,'d perhaps. an average of $2.20 on the Shl we send yo
fore it blossoms. Then. if a (cuttini amlnd smoother and nicer looking pota- tees. ek e this subject, tre
happens to get a shower, he lets it go toes than where manures from the Somle of -McKinley's prosperity is OMr llodla epaI .
and cuts another, as it is easily dam- aged by extraneous moisture in this ic tter. and arle le-s liable to rot. and :i'e full of money. Tile pineries have adve nlo ue posi lyobtuin wrste
the doctor freely. You will receive
succullent stage. lhave fewer diseases to contend X ithl done well and are still sending in a Prot, repywitho t ost.
When grown to maturity in the fall. .'t;* the growing period. The ques- -io (i of this fruit of the gods. J e L A.
six to ten feet high, and almost as tion %often comes up as to w thtelr The oranges here mature late anli
woody as hemp, he still manages t, i level or hill culture is the best mleth')l Ilost of them went in in bad color.
plow under completely out of siz.rit of .roAwing the crop. My preferenil( .n,i quite tart. Those who consigned i
with the sulky plow. He says: i i for a medium between the two. If _o, "'left" on price. The buyers ,an result is a heand the
"Deggarweed is easier to plow an I one knew at planting time as to th1 i:lt dly have made any money on this result s a cheap and nourishing
make a good job of than a solid mat we.alther during the growing period. kind of truck. The result will ble to spreadi for crackers or bread, the nu-
of crabgrass such as we have here, 0or i, could decide whether lie wanted, lower the price for the future. Peo- nized by many physicians. Nutsr
of velvet beans. I believe I have his crop on the level or killed up. ile who hold until after Xmas will have always been known to contain
plowed in this fall twenty tons of it 'The most satisfactory way in lay 1a'e fine fruit, well colored and eet fat and strength-giving eleme nts, bain
to the acre in some places. The mules opinion. and the one most universpl-ly p1ti wil! likely do well. Our fruit is te general reputationgth-giving elements, b
went through it with difficulty and practiced. is to lay off the land in fur- tine in January and February, but ot oy for being indigesuttible and not
raised their legs as though they had rows four feet apart: in these furrow earlier, and should be held until it is feig indigo estible and not
the stringhalt. p1)t the stable manure, if you have it. "prmlei." The writer's fruit was n--- ap in which thy aresults the
"To my mind, this region makes tXwoX if not. put in the half of the fertilize r frozen in all the past and so he is I into the stomachta
sorts of good hay, beggarweed and you intend using, then throw a couple not afraid of frost. We have had two "alf-ewed nuts of any kind are
peanuts. The rats are bad on the of furrows on this. and in the case of good rains of late and have liberally really attaced bn y the d ee
last." tihe s4tahle manure apply the potash fertilized. The groves are all in fin lids bt he reduced t a ate
and pliosphlate. and cover with anoth- Ilane for the largest crop by double of flui are sowhat drye ad whe
For Florida Agriculturist. er couple of furrows, and where it is any ever known in 1900. We have e o he moh at demnd
Sweet Potato Culture. all commercial fertilizer, apply the some fine tropical trees and expect to in effort in raising sufficient saliva
If anyone were to ask a number of other half the same way. covering it nee a mild winter this year and some b before swall ng It is iht he
Southern farmers which crop of all low bed that will warm up good, he- avoados next summer. No frost in that physicians hold the value of this
Southern crops is the most universally cnnse sweet potatoes want a very thos part so far. Our annual visitors kind of food lies. Foods that are
grown, he would find that nine out of as above. This will make a meiu l, are coming, the town is booming andeasily swallowed are sedom properly
every ten that he would a k wo:ld 11 i(- warm soil to do well in. andl that i' tadl i brisk, and the "goose" gangs a salloed and as pre seldom properly
ply, "Sweet potatoes;" for certainly my ol-jertion to level culture, that it klr hlgh Wim. P. Neeld. digestion those that require a large
the sweet potato is found everywh. will lnot i~ve as wa-nm a soil as i -igestion those that re b ar e a lge
all over the Southern stat,-. .1u' th .,,l will give, and I don'tt want a v,-yv Peanut Butter. ntph of aliv added to peanut best
is not to be wondered at when tho fai:t 1-1 !-ide t',at wil' L-e ant t ..V t "Penmnt better is not a fad. but is itr abslue added to eant butter
is taken into account that it is a v.- eprndl rtrinr a dry aspll: anR. ~< :- rndly becoming an important com- likelihood of germs as i there beng no
easily made crop, and a very p : ronlv ,,iL. a i medium between levl mTP-cinl productt" said Charles B-. butter made from cream, and more
one as well, in that it is excellent n,-1 b!, si oi' I ha -e found to be ,i* ,nochler of Philadelphia. at the Na- over athe product is an exce t one
food for man ot beast. As a root :: s"tifr tor:y e dod deal denp ls :n t'onal. "Peanut butter is made by for the poor. in that an be made
holdsin the South the position on Il0, t'-e season and the start one hit rind'indng peanuts very fine and reduc- at a fraction of the expense of cream
farm thpt the turnip and beet do in n:ating a profitable crop. 'lI'en l t" ing the Lac to a pasty substance. a butter. The industry is growing rap-
the toore Morthern states. There are spring is late. as it was this ve;r. tl. p-rtion at leoat. of the large amount Idly, a nd t better is extensively
so IaL divlisled opinions as to the draws or slips, are not ready early of oil contained being removed. ome ansd n the lanug ctie s tode ly.


C


I.5








S THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURTST.-


Early Sugar Making in Florida
Mr. A. E. Philips of Sanford, write-
interestingly to the T. U. & C. of tihe
early days of the sugar industry in
Florida. He says:
Many years ago the staple produce r
of Florida were cotton and sugar. Tle
green seed or short-staple cotton wa.-
produced, and is yet, in that section of
the state known as Middle Florida;
the black seed, or long-staple (sea is-
land) cotton, and sugar cane from the
eastern and central portions, Cotton
was far more extensively cultivate,
than cane, but there were many great
farms that yielded large quantities ot
sugar, which was quite equal to any,
and surpassed much, that came from
other parts of the world, both in ex-
cellence and price. The industry was
profitable and was prosecuted witu
vigor and increasing magnitude up to
the time of the war.
In those days there were few expert
sugarmakers trom Louisiana or tin.
West Indies to offer their services to
the new farms o. Florida, and tii,
loss of much,time and material wa'
incurred in learning the art. Many
great plantations suffered heavy losses~
In these experiments, intrusting tin-
work to the ordinary hands employee,
relying upon the supposed simplcit.,
of its accomplishment. Some plainti.
ultimately imported their skilled su-
perintendents from older sugar-farit
ing districts, while the sugarmakei.
on other places were "self-made," af
ter a long and tedious course of stad
and application.
My father, A. J. 'hil.ps, who, wat.
his brothers, was for many years a
resident of your (Duval) county. ii
the 30s, 40s and 50s, and who in to.
40s twice represented DaIal to t e
Leg.slatuie, may be lelelltelie i
many of the old residents still l;vini
After a long term of lleichla i:.ai,_
he returned to the occupation of 1.:
father, farming.
In his early days his father i,,,
placed him at the sugar kettle w.t,
stein instructions to "'learn how t.
make sugar." He applied himse.
with great care and diligence, an i at
ter some seasons, marked by man..
failures and few successes, he acconi
polished his object, and learned t.
make a very superior article of suga,
even with the crude imple nents of t.-
small farm of the 20s. He never uiset
any instrument-his eye being hi
only guide-there being, he said, a
sudden change in the appearance of
the boiling sirup just at the "sugar
point," when it should be immediately
removed from the kettle. A little too
early, there would be scant granula-
tion; a moment too late, there would
be an approach to candy; either con-
dition of course, seriously affecting
the quality of the sugar.
The knowledge he gained served him
well in after year-, for upon returning
to this substantial pursuit, in the old-
fashibned way, raising corn, cotton
potatoes, hogs and cattle, his fine S.u-
gar always constituted another main
product of his farm.


each of these large farms, in different did not take long to ruin the charac- WITH BRAINS SIRl!
,-casons, under this expert sugarmak- ter and tle once tine reputation of A great artist
e's sulpervision and management. I'lorida sugar. was once asked
placed upon the uiarket well-cryital- llhis fact, the poor name of Florida ''\ what heis i etd
sized, weli-diained, light straw-colored e lgiar, may have discouraged any dis wih to obtain
sugar, against the sticky, wet, half position on the part of men of capital, such wonder-
gianulated, daik-colored stuff that, z:ninformed as to the true causes and '. ful effects.
canle in froni many oiler sources. 1co1nlitions. froln attempting to revive His reply was:
of course, ah this was, as already i ihe industry. and has made it unprofit- W b sir "
intimated, prior to the war, when a lel for competent farmers on a small- This would
slave labor was plentiful, and planters e:' scale to include sugar among their the al
*k, \< --S ^ / "answer to hun-
could not seller from the want of piro'luits. dreds opeo-
ahlindaace of help during this the Tihus you can readily see why we pe who are
pie who are
,lorst "rushling'" time of all farm life. 1have not heen producing sugar a8 we all the time asking what
in those days tne evapoating pan ns)-ed to do. But it is possible. with 'm Dr. Pierce's medicines are
,vas not iinow n here. and great lur- the letter settled condition of the mixed ith to producing are the resous
cures. These medicines are the result
ianes weie used. with a number of country, that the industry might be of Dr. Pierce's thorough professional
airge iron kettles, containing varying resumed and the quality of Florida education; his deep study of the princi-
.uantities of juice, aggregating sever- -: :..r ,lin Ie raise to its proper anl ples of materia neadica and of the hu.
man physiology in health and disease;
all tliousaind gillous to the furnace. f) ) iie1r ~,x:.iinit standard anld heoili and above all his unparalleled practical
lite si.perlteintenl ct si.p1iy sat up)nii a tlllice of considerable profit.to the experi-nce.
a aitei1 platform, o\velookilg tei t .lilatc. "I thiaik God for giving you wisdom and
.,iloie. and di.ect.ug the work turou'og 'i here ilre one or two other features me :cines."says Mrs. H. A. Alsbrook. ofAustin,
aill its stages fromll beginning to eld. .n reatiou to this subject which I I onoke Co.. Ark.. in an earnest letter to Dr.
Pierce. "After five months of great suffering
ihe ploce.-s was systematic. mlte.- -ihali iricily notice in another letter. I rite thk forth benefit of other sufferers om
th, samn afflictions. I doctored with our family
-tllg andi I.ealtlfl, all the geat A. E. Philips. hvsician' without any good results. so my hns-
Sbaiid urged' me to try Dr. Pierce's medicines-
., 1e i-teail aiislllg frill tie bo:ill-. Saiford, Fla. wlich I did. with woinderrul results. I am com-
,,ailli.ig sa of ca:lo juice was pleia.- pletrlciv i urged. I tvOk four bottles of Dr. PierceT
favorite Prescriptioni four of his oldcni Mcdi-
,tit andl healthful to breathe. The Future of Persimmons- cal Discovery' and two vials of his 'Pleasant
It is uio. tulnate fo. our state thil t Tie capabilities of the insignificant PeTles me
There is no medicine in the world that
t.ai. once ilpajitanlt and lucrative in ,--i,'lallllino and its possible uses as has helped and cured so many weak and
.it:-t. ihas long since t ien pact.caii.. .1:1 aticile for cooking, for a long time ailing women, as Dr. Pierce's Favorite
..iiioiici. iut it could not be ot,.- \re disregarded. with decade ed in- Prescription. It was devised solely for
,su. ,stice to that little fruit. Every-body that purpos- by one of America's most
s, eminent specialists in this particular
i list, to conduct a g.eat sugar fa, ::. 'mows i* persimmon tree and the field of medical practice. Any woman
.i ,bo. es witnot t tint ut Le .'i .1und yellow product which when mav write to Dr. Pierce for advice which
Ti.ia e uec ant )e p aiitei an ihorioughly ripe is pleasant enough, will be sent confidentially and absolutely
free of charge.
.it;\ated as simply an,l easily a but when unripe is distressingly un- Dr. Pierce's great thousand-page Com-
u.1 urC cotull, but \\lien tie inaii,.fa; i.eala ult. \\ ho is unacquainted with mon Sense Medical Adviser will be sent
i..inlg e-a.-ou arrive siy aoont Ucto ite puckered mouth-the result of for the mere cost of mailing; paper-
;., 1i., or November 1, the w.oik lm. t ist.lg a green persimmon? bound for 21 one-cent stamps, or cloth-
e bound for 31 stamps. It is a grand and
S|.e.-se e w lI the utimost r:g;,. VWhliene\er w-e think of this fruit w>t useful book. Address Dr. R. V. Pierce
.;l'i an i ,ia-. in order that th, c.,. i: e likely to d:smiss it as of no great 663 Main Street. Buffalo, N. Y.
., iall tilitn fro tl 11' ii,,.- ito I ,niCeillnice. because we do not re-


. l i .ci0.. .1 .. i.i.cl to fe ,z . / d it a gieat factor in the inar-
.uttli.. nlvi f.o;imZn .t is go.'.i fi : t.ing. iliui)l,. flr.i.elltilg allu tiu i .). ta-e to commuant our re-
.1e ccut.iiing i neg;ar. I 'ct. Some of us know that in tlhe
.o ut'iu.i.i.h this. ialbor must i ,' .1 "li tlhe ingroes consider persim-
.ily ie abji laint, but uo. ir t -. :illln pudding and persimmon beer
c. iliic. 1i.e.e i lu.-t : ,L .1. i, Ia e ieiicacl es, and we are too prone
a ni-it Io. ce as". suih.is le.;) .iL to dismiss the whole matter with this
ase of at-cilenit. 'Ilhie xwo.ik olit.e I. eitction.
-11 lmust go forward to a tini-.; w'i Of late we know that nurserymen
.: ils .cut t t mlu:t i;e gioiun; .di. hlorticulturists are beginning to
:11iil when gound the juice unl -t i ;ouchsafe considerable attention to
ooked--thel:e can be no delay. no il- tle subject of cultivating persimmon
cir-pt.ou without great embarras- t.ees. There is no hardier tree in
ilent and perhaps heavy loss. All this country. It will grow wild any-
lie \\work illlit ie systematic t'; all w.Lh i. hire, in any soil or climate, and
e ea.vy, ,teady, unceasing toil to the uInder the most unfavorable condi-
,und. tions will produce, with unfailing reg-
Now, then, soon after the days of clarity, large quantities of fruit of
l\avery it was impossible to obtain or very satisfactory quality. A wild per-
'oittrol such help as needed. simumon is infinitely more' palatable
We had no laboring class in the, than a wild apple or wild cherry.
-tate to take the place of the slaves. These qualities first aroused respect
an t our new fellow-citizen scorned for the tree and fruit among fruit
the idea of working "fur de buckri; connoisseurs. A wild persimmon is
ike the nigrers used to do"-at anyl highly variable in size, time of ripen-
price. This, then, was the first reason ing and quality, thus indicating its
why the industry could not be nontin- susccptiility o, great development
ned, to say nothing of the general under reasonable treatment. Some
prostration of the country. are ripe with early frost, others well
1While those conditions prevented thet on in winter, but neither heat nor
operation of the former extensive u- cold nor any conceivable condition of


gar plants anl they were abandone-
to decay, small and poor farmers at'
over tlle country were ralsing a little


The quality of this sugar always ane an1 l making such chsugar as theyi
commanding the best price, attra-ctol could without knowledge. skill or' v-
attention and his services were phlo.I 1 I cn contrivan.ce. 1eyor 1 one little ket-
at a high value by some of thi. grlat t'i in a inud fulllne, or a large \wa-.,-
cane planters, notable among winill I pot propped tv') on sticks.
remember, were the Hon. D. L. Yulee. The star thus manufnetured wa ;
and later G. W. Howard and --- r-'e~-nriy very uncertain. vary!'iz
Marshall-the last two of Mar'on annl nltonether poor in quality. T'hii
county. near Ocala, and all of whom I ''," t v-:!s IualelI to mar-.et. ann'
planted hundreds of acres of cane and so!d for what it would bring, and til:-.
made tons of sugar every year. After almost the only quality that ans tbeen
years of unsatisfactory experience, handled in the market since the w:r,


atmosphere or climate can affect its
maturing .n its own way. As the
wild fruit is so pleasing, horticultur-
ists decided that cultivation wo.ilo
do Imich for it. so that persimmons
bith fresh and cooked might become
as useful as plnms.


It is only within recent years that
Florida began to ship persimllons to
this market. This season iist closed
v,:Ta t',e .lrgest ever known and the
Business was large enough to make ir
entirely profitable and worth looking
after. The cultivated fruit is minu-h
larger and more delicious than i tat


which grow& wild. Ripe porsinm uuns
are very soft and incapable of pack-
.ug. so that for shipment they must
he plucked before they are touched
by frost and consequently while un-
lor ripe. After ripening in this way
they lose some of their flavor, but still
thly are very palatable and useful.
Another difficulty connected with
their shipment is that frequently they
.ipen in transit, and when they
arrive in the market the fruit is a
mass of mush and practically useless.
It is a question if growers would not
do well to dry them for cooking pur-
poses. It is well known that when
dried a persimmon is a very useful
article and capable of being employed
by housekeepers in a variety of ways.
So far, little or no attention has been
paid to this part of the business.
Persimmon trees may be propaga-
ted from seeds, through grafting is a
far better method. It is said that
some of the largest and best varieties
which grow wild have not yet been
cultivated. Some large orchards have
been planted during the last year in
Florida. however, and effort was made
to grow the very best kinds known.
At any rate persimmon culture Is Just
beginning and larger results may be
looked for within the next few years.
-New York Fruit Trade Journal.


FORGOT BILLS WITH PAINS.
"Yes." said the benevolent man, "I1
thank heaven for my happy disposi-
tion. I am satisfied with what the
day brings forth and quickly forget
the pain and trouble that have
passed."
"Ah." replied the physician. "that
explains your overlooking my little
bill."-Catholic Standard-Time,








4 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Farm matters in Sumter County.
A Sumter County farmer writes as
follows to the Farmer and Fruit Grow-
er:
Our people are co-day a hundred per
cent better off than they were a year
ago. I am not sure but that they are
Letter off than they were In 1894. They
have had lots of the orange foolishness
pestled out of them; they have corn
and oats and peas, slrup, meat, vel-
vet beans, milk and eggs. They live
at home and owe no man anything.
I have orange trees yet-twenty
acres or more-tor I have confidence
in them; but the point is this, I am
making my farm pay all my outlay
on the orange trees and support,
family besides. Every tree is banked
as high as the earth will stand up-
about two feet-and I am proceeding
with extreme caution so as not to
start them into premature growth
next spring. I ceased all cultivation
in June, let the grass and velvet beans
take complete possession, simply keep-
ing the bean vines from climbing the
trees, and now I am having the
ground raked bare. My men scrape off
all the growth level with the earth,
taking care not to disturb the ground
in the least, and rake all the trash in-
to a window midway between
trees. This leaves the ground fiat and
bare and cold, giving the trees no pro-
vocation to start.
I want information about the ir:-
foliate. I have not formerly taken
much stock in it, but these freezes
have led me to consider whether it
it might not be useful as a retarder of
growth. What can you tell me about
it as a stock for the tangerine and
other varieties besides the Satsumu?
' I have noted the two articles in
your columns claiming that Bordeaux
mixture will cure dieback in orange
trees. Since the freezes I have had
dieback to some extent in my trees,
where I never had it before the freez-
es; but I have not had enough faith
in Bordeaux mixture to give it a trial.
Your intelligent readers doubtless un-
derstand perfectly well that dieback
is a constitutional or sap disease,
and that an external application, while
it may temporarily suppress the manip-
ulations of the disease, cannot strike
the cause. In all constitutional diseas-
es, whether in the animal or the vege-
table world, the cause must be reached
and removed or the symptoms will
constantly recur.
One element of the greatly improved
condition of the farmers is the posses-


sion and use of velvet beans.
It is difficult to exaggerate its im-
portance to Florida farmers. I find it
a rich milk making feed. Igive each
cow a gallon and a half of the beans
in the pod twice a day, and it stimu-
lates the milk secretion more than any
thing else of equal cost. I get them
picked for ten cents a barrel, pods and
all, or four cents for a grain sack
full. I tried shopping them to Apopka
to be ground, but the carriage and the
toll made it unprofitable. I simply
soak the pods twelve heora; it makes
them soft enough so that the cowi
grind them well.
-I have never kept accurate accounts
tof my crops, but last year I gathered
seventy-five barrels from off a four-
acre field, fattened ten hogs on the res-
idue, then wintered all my shoats on
the field until it was plowed up in the
spring.
e "

The owner of land that is too poor
to pred paying crops can soon make


it more fertile if he has the cash to
purchase commercial fertilizers, but it
his farm is mortgaged he has other
uses for hismoneyand should try to
save all the stable manure hecan. The
greatest losses of stable manure are
caused by falling to have plenty of bed-
ding to absorb the liquid manure, by
throwing the manure where the rain
and snow will wash away the soluble
portion, and by allowing it to heat or
fire fang. These losses can all be pre-
vented by a little care. For bedding,
says a writer in Ohio Farmer, I gener-
ally use wheat straw but me failure ot
the wheat crop this year in this section
was so complete that I have no straw
of my own, and, my neighbors having
none, I will have to depend on sawdust,
forest leaves and clover haulm to take
the place of straw. Since the wheat
failed I am convinced I have never
valued the straw highly enough in the
past. To prevent loss by leaching I
had a shed built adjoining the horse
and cow stable, where I throw the ma-
nure. In this shed I stable the young
cattle and keep some hogs. As some
have no sheds for this purpose they
can prevent the loss by leaching by
letting the manure accumulate in the
stalls until they have a wagon load
then haul it to the field. By using this
plan we gain by saving all the strength
of the manure and by not having to
haul a large amount of surplus water
to the field as water-soaked manure is
heavier than that from the shed.
Another gain in having the manure
dry is that we can haul it when the
ground is frozen solid. This does not
injure the ground but 4when manure
is exposed to the rain it will sometimes
freeze so hard that it cannot be hauled
until spring when other work is plen,
ty. While manure sheds prevent loss
by leaching manure will heat and lose
most of its value as quickly in the
shed as out doors if nothing is done to
prevent it. Of the two losses that by
beating is the greatest. I would prefer
manure that has been exposed to the
rain and snow all winter than that
which has lost about all its strength
by heating and would not improve the
ground much more than the same
quantity of straw. To prevent heating,
after cleaning the stables I go to the
shed and spread the piles of manure
evenly about the shed. By doing this
the fresh manure Is soon tramped sol-
id by the young cattle and hogs and
the only place it fire fangs is near the
edge of the shed. While covered barn,
yards, manure sheds and cement floors


are all aids in saving manure, those
who cannot afford them can save the
manure with vtry little loss it they
use plenty of bedding under their stock
and haul the manure directly from the
stable to the field. By covering the
manure under the stock with fresh
bedding there will be no offensive odor
in the stables and as the manure is
tightly packed by the stock there Is
little loss by heating. The main draw-
back is that when this plan is followed
on account of the limited amount of
roomp it is sometimes a ceasaary to
haul the `inlre to the ield
when the ground is soft By hauling
the manure to the distant parts of the
field when the ground is solid, and
covering the portion near the gate
when the ground is soft most of the
damage to the soll caused by hauling
the manure can be avoided.-Prairie
Farmer.

Big Orange Shipments.-Every day
sees on the platform of our depot
large consignments of oranges and


PROMINENT EDITOR RELIEVER CY PERUNA


>



*



[


Hon. Hobart Brooks, editor and owner for those suffering with catarrh. Ide
of the Washington Capital," 150 Penn- not hesitate to recommend it. Before I
sylvania Avenue, N. W, Washington, had used one bottle I noticed a great
D. C., n a recent letter to Dr. Hartman change in myself, and four bottles cured
says: me entirely. I would not be without
Dear Stf-It is with great pleasure Pe-ru-na for any consideration.
that I can testify a to the merits of Pe- The reason so many people get chrom-
ru-na. After suffering over a year with ic catarrh is, the disease gets firmly es-
eatarrh I began taking Pe-ru-na. I tablished before it s recognized. They
took one bottle, and so great was the fool themselves by calling It some other
effet that I rapidly recovered and am name than its proper one-catarrh.
now enjoying good health. To all who When people get acute catarrh they
sffer from debilityof anykind I recom- call it a cold. If they have acute nasal
mend Pe-r-na as a most valuable tonic. catarrh It is called corysa. Endemic
Hobart Brooks, catarrh they call influena, and epi-
demic catarrh they name la grippe.
When the atarrh aches the throat
Sit is called tonsilitis, or laryngitis.
Catarrh of the bronchial tubes is called
bronchitis; catarrh of the lungs con-
sumption. Any internal remedy that
will cure catarrh in one location will
cnre it in any other location. This is
.| why Pe-ru-na has become so justly fam-
ousin the cure of catarrhal diseases. It
cures catarrh wherever located. Its
oures remain. Pe-ru-na does not pal-
Sllate; it oures.
g BMr. W. B. Steffy, Glouster, 0, writes:
"I was afflicted with hereditary catarrh,
and grew worse






Prof. J.F. Turner, Edgeneld, Tenn. tlve (T) cures, I w
had almost given,
until my whole
systemseemedaf-
fected. After try-

anddifferentpoei-
Prof. J. F. Turner, Edgefeld. Tenn. tive (?) cures, I
had almost given
Prof. J. F. Turner, Priniepal H. B. up hope, when I
High school, Edgefield, Tenn., in a was induced to
recentletter says: "I suffered for nine tryPe-ru-na. Af- Mr W. B. Stef
years with ctarrh, and after trying sev- tr trying one Glouster, 0..
eral remedies I gave up, and concluded bottle Ifelt a gen-
that there was no cure for me. I no- eral strengthening of my system and
tioedsomany testimonials from prom- after a few months' use of Pe-ru-na
i4ent men relative t Pe.ru-na that I was cured. That was two years ago.
concluded to try one bottle, little ex- I use Pe-ru-na every spring, so as to get
meeting any help. I had grown rather my system in good shape for the sum-
to believe that all catarrh cures were mer."
nothing but frauds, but your remedy Por a free book addrew Dr. Hartime,
Pe-r-na is the greatest panacea to-day olumbus, Ohio.


likely to yield between 400 and r)00 boxes, the poor farm about 3570 and
grapefruit. Capt. Johnson, on his last Mr. Franklin's groves about a hundred
trip, brought up about 600 boxes and boxes,while in other groves we hear
Capt. Hall had nearly 200 from the of good returns, in fact, the feeling is
Kissimmee river groves. Tha total is quite unanimous that the yield this
likely to amount to nearly !0,100 season is beyond expectatlon.-Kis-
boxes. Nearer home the Lee grove is simmee Valley Gasette.


HON. HOBART BBOOKfS OF WASHINGTON, D. C.






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


Killing* and Curing Meats-
In Florida, December is the best
month in which to kill porkers. There-
fore. the farmer should have his hogs
in ripe condition that he may take ad-
vantage of the first cold nnp. as the
colder the weather the quicker will be
ainmal heat be expelled, and this is an
important item in preserving the meat.
If the weather should not be very cool,
cut up the meat the same day it is
killed and spread for two or three
days to give the animal heat every op-
portunity to escape, and then put on
salt in abundance.
We have given, from time to time,
receipts for curing meat, which we
knew to be good. But there is always
one way a little oetter than another,
and we were impressed with the fol-
lowing contributed to the Times-Un-
ion and Citizen by J. Burdett, of Ma-
rion county:
"To Cure Bacon or Corn Beef.-For
every 100 pounds of meat take six
gallons of water, three pounds of
brown sugar, nine pounds of pure salt
(rock or solar salt is safest), one quart
of good molasses, three ounces of salt-
peter, one ounce of soda. Boil water
and salt first, and then add the other
ingredients, and skim off all the im-
purities. Pack pork in a good barrel as
well as possible, and when the brine
is cool pour it over so as to cover the
meat entirely and weight it down to
keep it from the air. After three or
four 0eeks it can be smoked and then
packed in a barrel with clean wood
ashes to keep out all Insects.
"The above receipt makes a fine su-
gar cured ham, and good breakfast
bacon, and the beauty of it is that
you do not. have to salt your meat
down, but first put it in the pickle as
soon as the meat can be cut up and
the animal heat gotten out of it. If a
cold night or two should come, the
pieces are much improved py being


now, and from now on all winter
then have a long season for its pro-
duction and manipulation. It appears
to be highly insect-proof, which itel.i
must give to it a long start or consid-
ernltion.
It is a stout. stocky article of
growth, and is susceptible of beinsr
w\orkl; tl ain grown by the aid not ouly
of horsic power or strength, but like
corn. lby extensive farm machinery
It can be left in the ground, appar-
ently till wanted for use, thus saving
nervous expeditions movements to
get it into market at a critical or fixed
period, or. on the other hand, of re-
quiring expensive warehouses or stor
age rooms for its preservation. The
crop steers clear of winter and its
occasional freezes; it also beautifully
withstands the dry season and per
haps. not less the rainy season.
1 am much interested that our peo-
pie give ample encouragement to the
enterprise, and extend to the Industry
all possible advantage. May It not be
hoped that this agency may prove to
become of great help to enable our
land and country so much sought
after by invalids and others, to ulti-
mately sustain in comfort, even a
dense population.-Jacob Shanibar-
ger in Sentinel-Reporter.
a
Throat sore? There's no telling what
a sore throat will do if you give it
"right of way." Uncertain remedies
often cause dangerous delay. Make a
cure sure with Pain-Killer, known for
half a century as a specific for sore
throat, croup, coughs, and all kindred
troubles. Keep it by you for an emer-
gency. It never fails. Avoid substi-
tutes, there is but one Pain-Killer,
Perry Davis.' Price 25c.. and 50c.
8


jyesicscsatt~aiacfacfCQt~tftt-v^^


"Elsie Toilet Cream"
Srejrr i tJI s.:ae Other,.
To keep a clear complex
ion and tender skin try it
15 and 250 et per bottle at
SDrugista, or mailed Made
Only by RM A. WIGGINS
& CO. Chicago. Sold by
WholeMale Druggist every-
S where.


Arttitio -

MONUMENTS
S XUt'I'D Ni ........
rau LATgmT D1SIiex OF

Marble

and Grarite.


reo Penoatr - -
For cemetery and ran eaclosu'-

&AI work euntantted. Piloesmasons .e.
Correspond with-:: :: ::
mEO. R. NICHOLS 4 Co.


5A Harrso


removed from the barrel and left all rAMPA -
night exposed to the air.
"The receipt is equally good for It Like Pla
corning beef; only you should dip
each piece of the beef into the brine
while It is boiling for three or four to keep the silverware bright
seconds, and then proceed as with the the Glassware sparkling, the
pork. bicycle lustrous, the uiano
"Home-cured hams are helped won- case shiny and every pollshable -
derfully by adding to the brine a thing at top notch of brilliancy
cup of sugar and a little mustard. now that it is possible. .. Witj Soothing
"Be very particular in making the Cancer, Tuor. Catah,
above brine not to use western salt. TO UseC Write or utrated Bo
which was clatifed with lime, New WITCH KLO TH ] i
York salt, clarified with blood, for
Turk's Island or Liverpeol salt is bet- Nothing but a simple cloth as
ter."-Ex far as you can see, but the
-- * magic of its touch removes tar- ND
Casava a Good Crop- nish and amuchinese as a damp
It gives me pleasure to add my rag removes dust. 15 cents a
testimony in favor of the growing in- sheet. .. m. A
terest in cassava culture in Orange

lately started, cannot fall to be of SI p ers "
great value to our inhabitants and lpp S B Sng
many others who wish to receive the W without a penny to pay. Every EWAIE Of
benefits of this climate, little girl whose mother now or u"Tieuh, g
The crop hat so many advantages In the future, uses WitchKloth
in its favor. It is both a direct money can get a pair of beautiful slip-
crop and a good crop to feed, nearly pers made to fit her dolly. .
all kinds of stock seeming to eat it CHEMICAL SPECIALTY CO.,
with marked relish. Besides, in a Philadelphia, Pa.
refined form, it has been known as i
highly valuable article of food for e
man. These two or three features
were evidently of great significance in i
the growing of the famous cor,' crop i l 1 I
in the north and great west. a AG l [i ILit
The cassava crop is a long on-, aml -
can be worked at, cultivated and DOES ANY PERSON DISPUTE
fertilized from say now till this time adat Page Fence is a gd fence? Many ay t It il
the best. We make all styles and heights.
next year-that is it can be planted PAGI WOVES WIREFE19IICVO.,AD]IA1NNIC. IU


All) -
We offer an excellent stock of Citrus tree*,
Orange, Lemon, Pomelo
s ae, Kumquat, Mandari n s
C S. etc., on various stocks.
a'l sizes and low rates.
Send for new list just
prepared.
SII Remember we are
a.& -i l headquarters in the
SSouth for Palms, Bam-
*. h ,,-,S, boos. Ferns, Decorative
gss and Ornamental plants
0S of all sorts. Cataloge
free. REASONER BROS.. Oneco,la.








TRADE MARMS

Anyone senng a sketch and deecr`tn m
quitkly acertaln our opinion free whether a
invmJ is probably Iptn5table. Conmmunicn
io Mretoond L Handbook an Patent
sent free Oldet reedesty for aecurinspatents.
Patents taken tbrouih Mnn & o. receive
ped" aelsu, without ebarme In the
SUdpiic firlrcan.
A hiaadomely flmtrated weekly. I[nrmelt dr-
eulaion of any sdent U c Journa Terms. p a
ya: fourmonths,. BoNiby all ewadealer.
iN& C ofa.WAb New Ynrk


l 8 MYS A 8. SUIT
*n Stia' 6..ii am~L .a ,i 7aaauwsuwr-,wo


- WIa.ocIMA PJs s al a AT

S toes, defae sad say whate
or maS2 ell forage and e will ed yea
ait by e 0sgse .O.D. Mubjeet to as.
r e slm. earn eanuIeIatyoI



URED
Ia-liaPyka. I 0 fma^
, Balmy Oile. a '| r "seat bse paote
PUS& rFM.Ia Ubb =a. -cor ains FVhLen
and Womb Diseas meesr, an rtlltn iedona how e on
m e e iodrer fbee L$ *16 a an.
ok Sentfree Address -iefdto ft.n ka@s .
s *rt ftrree on f~. U.canlu. Address.

E3 M R& esr U
Lane" aB (km.), Cap WB
Iheeabll ua. nia. K )
PJB tPmIsDi~audrflttmnmh'W$1O~d






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


ME5 AND 801118011.

Drinking glasses called tumblers
owe their name to the fact that they
are the successors of little round sil-
ver bowls, so perfectly balanced that,
whichever way they were tipped
about on the table, they tumbled into
position again, and there remained
with the rim upward, as if asking to
be refilled.

Seven years ago Bernard Brewster.
of Grafton, W. Va., established a li-
brary in that town and equipped it
with 1,000 books, and in order to malze
them more durable, the donor had th..
volumes bound in thin sheet iron coi
ers. The latest report of the libiari.i:
shows that all of the books are st. I
in good condition, notwitistan '
the fact that each has passed thli,;,. '
the hands of 350 readers, andi :11
cent has been spent for leia,.u., t
bin, ings.


It is said in London t.-at .. ...
belt has bLecone a.inu;l ..
spenus pakticahty an. hi- t....< ...
of hir county houses, ail, ..
visits London save on Sun.ita., ..
the great town is quiet. ite sc-..
'dread the roar and bustle of til- .,
Sand avoids it whene-e.- pai
Mentmore, wheie he spei ..
greater part of his t.u.e, is oui .
most splendid and stately
houses in Great Britain.

A crematory is being built fo. i.;:
ing bodies in liquid air. ihe co. p.-e
to be placed in an open inatellic it,
ceptacle, and some ten gallons of ti*
liquid poured on. In a few moment
as the nitrogen evaporates fiist, tin
oxygen can be ignited and will buir
up the body rapidly ana thoroughly
avoiding all the unpleasant featuic'
of the present method, saving much
time, and reducing the expense.-
Practical Druggist.

There are but two European poten-
tates who manage to get along with-
out change of residence or outings qf
any description. These are the pope
of Rome and the sultan of Turkey.
The sultan of Turkey has never left
Canstantinople since he ascended tihe
throne under such tragic circunm-
stances, 20 years ago. And his holi-
ness has remained within the pre-
cincts of the vatican since the triple
tiara was placed upon his head in
1878.-Chicago Times-Herald.
*----- -


speed of 20 miles an hour. The mines! The Boeton Herald thus explains THE SlIA ARE
form quite a catacoifb of well lighted the origin of the word "crackerjack:" HE IU n A
passages under water. The output of "In the hot Southwest cactus whiskey, MADE WELL
coal is now 1,000 tons a day, and 750 oi mescal, is a favorite prescription
miners are employed in them. for a jag. The Mexican loaded with are tord to ll or
And the Weak are Restored to Full Vigor
in me~.al is much given to Castillian andStrengthLtt'i:nrT. softihGreat.
In China, twelve and one-half mile,- profanity aun invective, his favorite estnealcrc.i;~ uTi.ne..
front the village of Liou-Chek, there is ver al jewel being 'carajo.' pronounc- AreYou L ..,
a mountain of alum which, in addition el i-alahoo. In time a gorgeous, red- Si3k? pL .an iti? A: v .1
to being a natural curiosity, is a 'hed, vocferious drunk came to be Y.oVU I.'..' you
source of wealth for the inhabitant called a carajo jag-carahoo jag-
of tihe country, who dig from it yea;- and by corruption a crakerjag, or n s u stvd
i:, tonu of alum. The mountain is no' i c.ackerjack. Hence, all things su- I Are a, ii, vio
ic-s than ten miles in circumferene ll, eme clever, lfirt-class, were by ana- I :ncriom.;n p
:it its l.nse aind has a height of 1,94., logy termed crackerjacks." ifn"' y -Ll inotde-
ARM L s-'A a S cmialist, one to
iet. ile alum is obtained by quar- -cm t" iL:-antodyisan
S- lorence Marryat wrote her first opcD b,( and SLo under-
-i a.oCe alocksI of stone, which di ?s Etandscvoryl ihatofrweak-
,ok under lather unusual conditions. -S a and tcca and to
i ..'nt.., in g;eat furnaces and then -. '-;mLth pro;crtre;.tment
S'ftcr her marriage she went to India, fr a cure is as E::npiL as
.1 iilt. !_!.e.l watil boiling water. T"'h 3 ,addin of a ccinma offl;--
Sa o n tr 1 en hr retiuin it happened tlat her' -e ,rov cr2 r ,r.J.nLwr. g
.N, :ya.iz.s out nld lorims a laye. -he Leading H ATLA, A;'tI. trnu thelpadcin
three children were laid up with 'ci specialist. ":iatoft.. count itylsprac-
l he.s iu thickness. li iet fever. During that time, when she 7tofaltho r- *hasc .r,. Lca r aotall
,.' :. hi,,lltl v blorken up mno artsofdi,ea cdt. h L.' t .. L marvelof
S-ie e. u utly boken up iu e as worn out with over anx- i em,-dicalpr- ,r .. lcnr His
-. i ,lnll' g about ten pound. ,*mehn sFn i -;i ev,-trtwn aid lvhrylamlet.
Ing t tn p ty. lher doctor suggested various Thopoaffictcd,ii hal lmannerofdvaaeshavioeught
I, I lis e rvice., in or-:r th.at they Biigl.t be made whole
ways in which to distract her mind. IYtheadlminitere.cp ft ;lwona r,. I ystemoftrest
Sr.:.nt. Wrecks of hn:tri:y have come to himfor
tll!l,," she said. "that if I had a cinnul-tionani rr'dicirc ,I:oafewmnoth. later
L-ra returned to i m in n-; r cirorous health to give
U i of t:.n ing lhusiands fo. Oi til of fool seas Dr. t i:,tbiay treat all dlsespep,
.i gi.ls in Italy is both curiiu -,*nuld do something." They were Cure-' tho~ tc .lar to men and those
re l ('ciU-,r to xrihen, a8 Wril as
.... u. I seveia. c.tes o. roiglit to her and it was in this way r-,h Rhanm;ttim., Kid- Cy Complaint-. remn,
S.::d ;.il iormsof hnering a-d chrrricdisorders.
.ita. italy tlhee are funds conner-, that she wrote her first novel, Lo- -'`s .rior Dr. Hathawat'r orcce lanthe
,..ti tie o.phanalge from which; conflict. VWhey it was finished. !h- Stricture. Strcturewithont theaiof knife
,a.i .i, ils raise, in these institutions j fiecndl Annie Thomas, suggested u;lttt *tots truat trd tY phenodthis on he
:.t':pt l tr~iatd blythls method at his own home
i -t'-n.oit n or I snf time from business. Thsise
ii'\e a small dower when they mu-l ishe should send it to a publisher. She ,-.itiriy the otly treatment whirh Curewith ota
t n : ceitaln holiday in the ye;l. took hler frienll's advice, and receive frat uonr Dre fatm awavricais a t erticart ueat
vai ocs 27,23-%)D and Niof his new bork which will be
S. ,. i Ils who are to leave ,. I tck for $770. 'ase srtfreeoninliHati.
,i::;ge alndl hosee who have ti, Speelally is secia rt tratbd according to ia
,i.ut lt mallny are grouped at botl .3* Treated. "atnreaindrhis enter Ioa
-n'.ervtsion, ands 'trmrdl.cusdby
etis (d tiiartiy Ii caurca at earl.m are preparedfrom th. pnrestard I tdirugs in
e.s if th. altar in church at earl boratores r his per sona oVa"a
nVnd all frrm soelal pr iscritions of hlqcs rn.
S.Ille p elective gr ooua U a Dr. Hathaway makes no charge f-r conml-
s. ile pio-pective grooms, mooor advice, either at his office or by
,,u, .. echlianics. attend servit. L_ a m i el| t oneoo_'
ni cin:ics~. attend serv Fees2. ji. agwhena case is take the one low
..; v, which they take a good look u, I U sonlee re ai ctof meinesan
.i-o gi l. They liay or may not inte'i J. NEWTON HATHAWAY,A y
Dr. Hathwayr a ..
Iy. o l. devotional exercises of bot ;8 25 Bryan Street, savanMah,a.
..es. After service the bachelor Hl MENION THIS PAPEB WHEN WBrf NO.


,.,w, ,ld to the sacristy and there d
'late to the otficiating priest that the?
.', wiliing to marry, and at the samn(
li.me they designate the girls of their
-hoice. If in any case the girl con
-ents an I if the papers of the grool
iie in shape the matter is settled. Ai
the a:fternoon service the various
couples are married in due form, an<
the dowers are paid over. It is sail
that these marriages are, as a rule
happy ones. verifying the old adag;
that a;i-cidtnt is a good martial agent
a
AIDIr TO I;E ALUM POISONING
Thi' poiisoning of the Thomas fam-
ly. of Thomlas' Mill Somerset Co.
.'our iimenllibrs of which was reported
to have been made dangerously ill bi
ilipuie making powder used in mixing
*uc-kwlinat cakes, has been further in


When a Mexican grows old lie "onu stigated.
to shrink up until there is little to 1--- l.:( original ncn with the remainde:
seen of him but a big hat, and 1 -'cr.p f the having powder left over after
dark shrivelled face, which looks li', i.'Tg lthe cakes was secured by D,
that of a mummy in its frai:m- of :;it-.nifi ihe powder had beer
white. Life in one of these to0wn1 is U!t at a neighitboriing country store
as absolutely different from i;at one i. was one of the low priced brands
sees in an American village as tiioi-l I, 1. ('itclhiebl said that the patient.
it were a bit of Egypt or In 1ia. Yet syinitols of alum poisoning
of blanket pulled tight over his lnitl s t:e sai kind of baking powder i>
gre shoulders. His beard and .a;i ; 11 ill miiany city groceries, as well a-
stand out white and distinct from ) is, l tly toes. Dr. Critchfield thought
it may be seen at the end of three t iiiitiant that a chemical examin-
days' Journey from almost any of th ,tion should hle made to determine its
eastern or northern states, and is well 1: dients. ie therefore transferred
worth the journey.-Harper's Weekly. the pa;-.cage of powder to Dr. Schill
The Chilean coal mines, opened in 'f this city. for analysis, who-after a
1885, seem to be nice places to work e.ln'ti'"al examination has reported
in. The seam of coal runs from the j' at the suspected powder contains
shore under the waters of the Pacific ilum.
Ocean, and the unnels are so ,l-n I .1; 1um is used in the manufacture of
that you could walk through them in e lower priced baking powders. It
a dress suit without making yourself t a mineral poison, and for this rea-
dirty. They are lighted by electricity, ion the scale of baking powders con-
and you can have a ride for a mile un- 'ginrng it is in many cities phohibited.
der the ocean on an electric car at a --Johnstown, Penn., Tribune.


You may have heard
about SCOTT'S EMULSION
and have a vague notion
that it is cod-liver oil with
its bad taste and smell and
all its other repulsive fea-
tures. It is cod-liver oil, the
purest and the best in the
world, but made so palata-
ble that almost everybody
can take it. Nearly all
Children like it and ask for
More.

SSCOTT'7S

SEMULSION
looks like cream; it irour.
Sishes the wasted body of
Stit. baby, child or adult
; better than cream or any
N other food in existence. It
). cars about the same rela-
- tion to other emulsions that
cream does to milk. If you
o have had any experience
0l with other so-called "just as
. ood" preparations, you
, v i!l find that this is a fact.
SThe hypophosphites that are
-.cmbined with the cod-liver oil
S*;v'. ; additional value to it because
,:.eY tone up the nervous system
..d ii.spart strength to the whole .

5oc.ande$ on all druzgisls.
i ,)WNE, Chemiist. Net : .
&' S 6wSk.64W p.3


IPIIITIE si.Rm VITALITY,
SIT L LOST VIGOR
NER W ITU AHO MANHOOD
Cures Impotency, Night Emissions and
wasting diseases, all effects of self-
Sabuse, or excess and India-
i'-jl creation. Anervetonicand
1' blood builder. Brings the
Spin glow to pale cheeks and
restores the fire of youth.
By mail 50c per box; 6 boxes
for $2.50; with a written guaran-
tee to cure or refund the money.
NERVITA MEDICAL CO.
Clinton & Jackson Sts., CHICAO, JUL
I I P ;le b% \ A. A. Alln .& (, ,, ..
Pe^. nel.anil. a
LIQUID EXTnACT OF SMOKE.
An Improvement on the Smoke-house for
Preserviug l;.ats.
Smoking meats in a smoke-house with all its
delays and annoyances aun thle constant duu-
ger of thieveea getii g the
meatais being rapiuiy done
away with as Iliniers and
S atock raisers bevoi.se better
acquainted uith the cleau-
Slinee, safety and havii.g OI
S time that cone from u: iir.

a -pongeanid the meats cani bt bui.g in
Garret or oiher safe place, siay fri r:
Stlileves. either four-leeted or two-IPPgg..
SKrauser's Iiquid Extract of Snmoke ii
Prepared from selected hickory ood.
It contains the ltae i redients Ith t pr bt x.
meat when the wood is buried antler it in a
smoke-house. It. improves theflavorof r :.t,
is perfectly healthful s"dis a better ntfextiirdl
against insects tii;n li0 old way of smo:iie.
The manufacturers will send ciculorsy to &dr
Ione lieres-tet






A QUICK CURE FOR
2 COUGHS AND COLDS
2 Very valuable Remedy in all
affections of the *
THROAT or LUNGS
Large Bottles, 25c.
DAVIS & LAWRENCE CO., Limited,
SPro,'8s of Perry Davis'Pain-Killer.
1 e6"6eCCCrtt666664r


t
~


i







THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


FLO&AL DEPARTKENT. ;coffee." It does not want to be wa-
Stered every day, but when the soil be-
Address 'all communications to the gins to get dry it will ask you for a
editor, W. C. Steele, Switzerland, Fla. drink. Then it needs a thorough wa-
..______, _________,_ t t, l.l-l It to .->iil ie, l.'si it
Cyperns Alternifolius. wants all the light it can get, but not
(Umbrella Plant.) ithe direct rays of the sun. If you
This plant is occasionally found in love your little Cocos you love to cater
SFlorida yards or gardens, but is by to its wants.
no means as common as it deserves to Nearby stands a fine specimen, per-
be. i'eopie who see it are usually pu.j- i haps it is two feet from the top of the
zled to know where to place it, that is, pot to the natural bend in the fronds.


to what family it belongs. Some
seLaCii cail it a palm as the foliage *it-
sembles some of that family. Others
would be sure that it is an orna
mental grass. Neither would be cor-
rect, for the plant belongs to theM
Sedge family. It will not be likely to
bring the plant into popularity to call
attention to the fact that a near rela-
tive, Cyperus rotundus, is a trouble-
some weed, being commonly called
"nut grass." Yet there need be no fear
of the "Umbrella plant" proving trou-
blesome. Its roots do not bear the
little tubers which make the "nut-
grass so very obnoxious. Neither does
it send out any unde:-ground stems to
spring up and make a new plant at a
distanm.c fiuio the pa rent plant. It i1n-
creases very slowly by the gradual
spreading of the clump of stems.
It is not very particular as to soil,
but thrives best in a moist soil and
will grow in water. In rich earth with
plenty o' water it grows very vigor-
ously, reaching a height of from four
to six feet, and each individual "nnt
brella" will have a spread of twenty
to thirty inches. It is a very orna-
mental plant in large grounds, espe-
cially if it can have an ;aonlildm .
water. There is a variegated form.
the stems and leaves are marked with
white. This would be very desirable,
making a very strong contrast with
other plants, but the variegation is
.said not to ie constant; that 1-. ti,
plant has a tendency to revert to the
green form.
There are said to be two other varie-
ties, C. gracilis, a dwarf form, a foot
or less in height. This would be
much more desirable as a house il;l!lt
especially for table decoration. Cype-
rus strictus is said to be a giant spe-
cies, growing from six to seven feet
high. This is very little larger than
C. alternifolius grows, under favorable
conditions. We have not seen this spe-
cies. It may prove on trial to be only
our old friend grown in ettir' .-...
than usuaL

Palms.
(Cocos Weddelliana.)
The above named palm is one of the
prettiest, if not the prettiest in culti-
vation. Take a small specimen with
fronds growing down to the roots, and
it seems to call forth your love and
care. You can not take care of such
a dear, little plant without becoming
attached to it, it is so dainty aml ex-
acting in its ways. You take pleasure
In giving it its bath and though it lo.
not thank you in so many words, still
it thanks you. It almost shakes its
feathers, and looks so clean and, hap-
py. It looks up in your face and al-
most smiles at you.
Take a well-cared for plant, with its
foliage clean and glossy, green out to
the very tips of its pinnae, displaying
new growth in the center, and when
a breath of air stirs its fronds the sil.
ver-lining appears. Your heart goes
out to the little plant and you lovingly
give it your best care. It enjoys a lit-
tle cold coffee or a little "barnyard


It displays six fronds that are about
.-.. .i.is Iacrosa anti twenty-two
inches in length. The pinnae are so
green and glossy that you imagine
they have been varnished. Now, this
plant is very stately and stands very
much on its dignity. Place it in a col-
lection of plants and it will out-rank
them all. It claims relation only to

the royal family. Its fronds have a
way of growing up so stately and
then drooping over so gracefully. Its
pot stands in a blue and gold jardi-
nere, and sea shells hide the soil. It
generally has a place bn the dining ta-
me, wlheie it displays its charms. To
crowd it in among common plants it
claimed no relation to would be treat-
ing it with disrespect.
If you can nave only one Palm, why
. .i t'.-t 1:! ,1 () tU.- ,\ u i t ;..;,a .
l.;tlnll~il I>oU'ol1:

elsewhere under the sun; for the con-
ditions of sandy soil, showery climate.
and bright sunshine are precisely
those in which Acacias re'-el. No diffi
. iI., t'i .i.r ',.: s';.tlimig tie variiti
whiinls and tastes of everybody, since
the varieties are as diverse in size anti
appearance as are seen in the canines
and ophidians, of the animal kingdom.
Some are low shrubs, others immense
trees, hundreds of feet high, often fur-
nishing the most durable timber and
precious gums, like the "Gum Arabic"
of commerce, useful alike in medicine
and the arts; and all are beautiful in
leaf and flower."
The variety named at the head of
this article is one of the most orna-
mental that has come into common
cultivation. One seedsman lists it as
"Fern-tree acacia." We clip the fol-
;ov>ln. ;n:'(",>io t of its I:oh.%-ior unl :.'
cultivation at the North, from Vick's
Magazine:
"Once upon a time the great U. S.
mail brought to a certain door five,
bean-like seeds labeled Acacia lophan-
tla. They were planted in dirt and ig-
norance, but one grew, sprouted like
a bean. Then two fern-like fronds
came out. then four, then six, and so
on until there were ten or twelve of
them in each leaf. Each frond was
made of two rows of ten or twelve


tiful pot or tub plant. Two little tiny. round leaflets that go to sleep at
palms of this variety were sent me by night, like the clover, or a row of nest-
a friend. The gift was appreciated, : : i;.. 1f tlh iifnnt wit-e not :.n
uut the little palms were homesick. ,!linty it would be stately.
They were planted in pots one size "It beloniied to the eldest son, for the
larger than those they had been grow- I 'oVs of this family have their share
: : : i: .. f plts. andl lie watched it, noting
native, land. It was expected of then very habit and( counting every new
to grow and mlakce tine specimen plant leait. T though tile plant was said to bI
. 1 ---.. .. ... I ; i l,;.t ht-rl;al..ous perennial li,
Iti .he sulks. -hit' i ' l it fo iii the coli until th:tt
After a time interest began to wane ( -col -s':p" whili snapped so manll
iln tilese plants and that did not mellti.a plants, when all his care was usel,,ss.
ilnattern. Then a little fertilizer wab The pllant los)t every plume.
given them and they responded to tile "In vain was it nuised according to
Kinld treatment. I hey began to giro \ every rule for frozen plants. It never
and interest was revived in them. uinfofldedll anotller feathery frond.
Tlhey grew so fast that one is growing i
.: ,a--i., i ttiti. ;it is ;iate iS- in by another, one of three, the result of
a water pail. It is left in the pall so olaking live seeds in boiling water un-
that it can be carried from place to til they cracked. The operation shoulti
place. Everyone who sees it as- '' peirifo-lt (ld for eailh separately then
knowleidges its beauty. Its leaves onmt may be sure to hear the tiay
crowd one another and its fingers in- "'click" which tells that the deed is
terlace. When you think it has as done.
many leaves as it can carry, out comes "'1 lie bo also learned to keep his
aniotller olne, all seaimedl together, ap. IPlant fro11 the tisun for whlln exposed
I arenily, and soon you notice the inl- to direct sunshine the leaflets fold upl
gers pointing out in every direction, never to unfold again, and soon drop
This palm seems so easy to care for. .' .. :''a ;ite n;t ig l!'ors have Ac--
Its foliage must be kept clean and ::. "" -\: i ;:h witer in tile sa.:,,
I 113usIt i i-tll !)i l;ty of wallet n ll its c;i .1 .1 .-;: > it:
Sti.\V\;g '- lsOi. It enjoys a little "Acacia I.ophantha.-This has been
"laru iI ", ----" ;a w'. I: orne of the stock show plants. It


-ii ,ae:ly ca;irel for. its glro\ th and
, .;iiiy \iil' 1 1 i our ", i r:; t with joy.
-. IFio; id:i

Acacia Lophantha.
Probably many of our readers are
well-acquainted with one or more va-
rieties of Acacia for A. farnesiana, lo-
cally known as Opoponax or Poponac,-
is 'quite common in South Florida, and
one or two other varieties are occa-
-'in;!l:ltly fo!ilu. Yet how many are
aware that there are really hundreds
of varieties.
The late I'. W. Reasoner, in the last
catalogue that lie ever compiled for
the firi, listed one hundred and sixty-
threec species and varieties. As to
their adaptability to this State read
thin following by the late E. H. Hart:
"And will they all grow in Florida?
ui,!, ve. va ill t ihey. and with g-, ate:'
luxurience and rapidity, perhaps, than


stands as tall as the mistress of the
house, and with its delicate, fern-like
leaves tremulous in the slightest
breeze, has made a dainty bower of
the most sheltered corner of the ve-
randa. A large century plant at its
base has opposed its thick, fleshy,
stiff, and cumbrous leaves to the airy
11w- of 1;0 Wi. ic w:1.W
stage to both, like the graceful, lace-
like veiling of moss over an old gra.
boulder.
"Acacia loplantha requires a rich.
friable soil, well drained, and plenty of
root-room. Never let it dry out, and
equally avoid drenching continuously
with water. Either extreme will
cause the foliage to drop. This plant
is easily raised from seeds, and is a
rapid grower. Scalding the hard seeds
Ilastens the work of germination,
which is otherwise a somewhat
lengthy process,"


CHOICE Vegetables

will always find a ready

market-but only that farmer

can raise them who has studied

the great secret how to ob-

tain both quality and quantity

by the judicious use of well-

balanced fertilizers. No fertil-

izer for Vegetables can produce

a large yield unless it contains

at least 8% Potash. Send for
our books, which furnish full

information. We send them

free of charge.

GERMAN KALI WORKS,
93 Nassau St., New York.

SOUND ADVICE.
Manager-There is one motto, my
ou"ug friend, that you seem to have
left out of your consideration and that
1 advise you henceforth to bear In
mind.
1Fresh Actor-What is that, pray?
!ianager--Think before you act.-
l;-niohmloni DI ipntch.






.1 w wax

Candles
n oth ing else adds o aomuc
to the charm of the drawing
ioo or toonoir as the oftly radi
T -:S i, from CORDOVA Oandle.
.l. hinr will contrihte more to the
r-i c ic success of the luncheon.
S .r trinner. The het decorative
ie il- for the simteilft or the
rf '* laeborate fnnctie.na-for Cot-
i or nansion. Made in all cola
anti d th most delicate tints by
STANDARD OIL CO.
i asold every-rhere.



TRUSSES, 6e~ r.25 AND UP



60c.
We r. -el-.T the Awtsi teMsa Ufooe d
i at os! PCS. ea than oneCthin i I
the prce charged by othse.. and WE
GJRAN (i TO LIT I4i r)ENFE yii Jay
aheth rvouiAs oure oor W lw
fork Be-vr.lle slastte Truis, illustrated above, Cat this
ad. out anil send tonswl i lt1 SPECIA. rBICar..,
st te r iur ltlricht, Welo ilAge, hbo Ions yon har been
ruptur A, whether rupure is large o small; also state
numlier inches around the body on a line with the
rupture, say whether rupture is on right or let side,
and we will send either tress to young ith the under-
etanding. if It Ir. t a eset St sad e". 1a s s 0"at
retail at three times eur prleeyoBcanreturlt itand W9
will return your money. ^
WRITE tOR FREE TRIUS CATALO0UE ?,s wsI
A' toess. including the UNew ta le Cor 75
c. tem alCes may toe, Pod .hi' we.slll f 2.
lddess SEARS, ROEBUCK & Co. 1AW6


THE NEW SEED LAW.
Approved May 19, 1899. makes it unlawful for
an- person to sell or offer for sale any arden'
V'elon or vegetable Seed unless the same are
in packages bearing on the outside in plain
letters a guarantee certificate of when, where
and by \ haom the seed were grown.
Penayiv not less than $25, nor more than
,1, ) fin e.
T. B. Sutton, Seedsman. Ocala, Fla., sells
-crd tender his trade-mark, as above, hearing
tlhe ccrtifi:ate required by law; besides all
seeds are tested and the certificate bears date
of test and percentage of germination. Send
to him .for price list. Wholesale and retail.







IN THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


ON OIA AGBIICULTUII1ST.

Entered at the postoffice at DeLand, Flor-
ida, as second class matter.

E. 0. Painter. John McKinney.
E. O. PAINTER & CO.,
Publishers and Proprietors.

Published every Wednesday, and devoted to
the development of Florida and the best in-
terests of her people.
Members of
THE FLORIDA PRESS ASSOCIATION.
Affiliated with the
NATIONAL EDITORIAL ASSOCIATION.
TERMS.
One year, single subscription............ 2.00
Six months, single subscription......... 1.00
Single copy............................. .05
ADVERTISING RATES.
Rates for advertising furnished on applica-
tion by letter or in person.
TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Articles relating to any topic within the
scope of this paper are solicited.
We cannot promise to return rejected manu-
script unless stamps are enclosed.
All communications for intended publication
must be accompanied with real name, as a
guarantee of good faith. No anonymous con-
tribution will be regarded.
Money should be sent by Draft, Postoffice
Money Order on DeLand, or Registered Let-
ter, otherwise the publisher will not be re-
sponsible in case of loss. When personal
checks are aed exchange must be added.
Only 1 and 2 cent stamps taken when change
cannot be had.
To insure insertion, all advertisements for
this paper must be received by 10 o'clock
Monday morning of each week.
Subscribers when writing to have the ad-
dress of their paper changed MUST give the
old as well as the new address.

We now have an office in Jacksonville,
Room 4, Robinson Block, Viaduct, where Mr.
Painter will be pleased to see any of our sub-
scribers. Any time we can be of service in
Jacksonville. drop us a line to above address.

WEDNESDAY, JAN. 3, 1900.


West India Competition.
When the question of annexing Cu-
ba was first raised-when the matter
was broached in connection with the
proposed intervention of the United
States government-we cautioned the


people of Florida to move slowly in grow up as they are could transplant
the matter of expressing themselves in the same way, setting the seedlings
in favor of the proposition to annex the in their permanent places. With the
islands. We pointed out that Florida transplanting carefully done and a
and her people would be more inti- favorable season, peach seedlings will
lately affected than any other section ial:e a growth of from three to four


of the Union.
If Cuba and Porto Rico are admitted
into full fellowship of our Union. they
will be entitled to all the rights and
privileges granted any of the states
and territories.
The effect of the grant upon Flo.ida
is apparent. The products of these is-
lands are almost identical with those
of Florida, and their fruits, tobacco
and sugar will be admitted to this
country dudy.free. and come in open
competition with the fruits, tobacco.
sugar and other products of Florida.
This is not the only danger, and it
is not very remote, either, that
threatens our industries. The Britishl
West Indies are seeking admission to
our markets for their products by the
means of reciprocity treaties. Presi-
dent McKinley and his advisers favor
these treaties. If these treaties are
made and approved by the Senate the
result, will be that the products
of these islands will flood our markets.
and Florida-where the same articles
are grown under such great disadvan-
tages, will suffer.
Our people should be prompt to take
action to prevent, if possible, the con-
firmation of these treaties by the Sen-
ate. They should correspond with their
representatives in Congress urging
them to use every honorable means to
prevent the confirmation of these


feet in one season, and in from three
to four years should blossom and bear
fruit.-Practical Farmer.
*
Fertilizers and Tobacco.
It used to be said that cigar leaf to-
bacco of prime quality could not be
grown if the land were enriched
with commercial fertilizers. This was
perhaps true twenty years ago, before
the food needs of the tobacco plant
had been carefully studied by scienti-
lic and practical men. Of late years.
however, many of the finest crops of
tobacco grown in New England, New
York or Pennsylvania, have been ma-
nured with manufactured fertilizers.
it is true that some dealers and bu.y-
Srs of the leaf tobacco, who are ign.or-
ant of the practice or science of ferti-
lization. still declaim against the uie
of fertilizers. '\e know several ui-ni
men. who have been buying crops for
several years, over the quality of
which they were very enthusiastic.
but which they didn't know was
grown exclusively on fertilizers. Ev-
ery intelligent and progressive tobac-
co grower knows of similar instances.
The most intelligent buyers or dealers,
however, long since recognized the
great advances made in the science of
fertilization, in the manufacture of
fertilizers and in their use on tobacco.
In fact, many buyers are now insist-


treaties when presented to the Sen-
ate.
*
Peaches From Seed.
Were it better known that some of
our finest peaches are accidental seed-
lings and that nearly every peach
stone planted will produce a good fruit
tlelre would be much more attention
given to the planting of stones than
there is to-day. There are hundreds
of peaches in city yards to-day better
than the majority of those in cultiva-
tion, which have sprung up from seeds
tossed away by those who have eaten
the fruit. We cannot do without bud-
ded peach trees, because the commer-
cial growers must have certain sorts
to ripen at known dates, and because
there are certain sorts now well
known which people ask for. But the
f-rimer does not particularly care for
anything of this. He wants an asso, -
incut of good peaches, and this lhe
would get were he to plant the stones.
And in a lot of a dozen plants raised
in this way he would certainly get a
good variety both of fruit and in tihe
period of ripening.
There comes to mind a farmer not
twenty miles from here who had a
small orchard of peaches, every tre,
of which had been raised in the way
of planting stones of the fruit bought
for home use, and a better looking lot
of trees or better fruit could not be de-
sired. The way to proceed to raise
such trees is to save the stones from
peaches used and plant them in the
fall. Probably two cr more could be
placed directly where the trees are
wanted, and if all grew two could be
pulled up and thrown away, or dug
and planted elsewhere if required.
Nurserymen sow their peach stones in
a bed. and transplant the seedlings as
soon as they are well above the
ground, setting the seedings in rows,
ready to be budded in the fall. The
one who intends to set them out to


I I


ing that the crops they buy shall have
been grown on fertilizers whose qual-
ity has been established by successful
experience. Such tobacco has been of
.the highest quality and brought the
highest prices frequently in the Con-
necticut valley for several years. In
Franklin county, Mass., one of the
highest prices paid this year, 25 cents
per pound, through in the bundle, wa.s
for a crop grown on Mapes' tobacco
manure. Mr. Max Gans of New York,
the purchaser, reported that he not on-
ly thought it was the best crop grown
in that section this year, but it was
the best crop he had seen in ten years.
Similar reports come from Hartford,
County, Ct. One of the highest prices
paid for the '9b crop was 27c through
the bundle, and 23 for the crop grown
been a large user of Mapes' tobacco
manures for many years.
Facts like these establish beyond all
question that the finest cigar leaf
wraps can be grown on fertilizers, but
of course, only the best brands should
be used. Tobacco is too delicate and
too valuable a crop to risk anything
by experiments with so-called "cheap"
or untried fertilizers.-American Agri-
culturist.
e C
American Almonds and Cocoanuts.
There are, roughly speaking, 21,-
000,000 pounds of almonds consume I
in the United States each year.
some eaten with raisins, some used ii.
the manufacture of candy, .sowi
ground for cream and flavoring ex-
tracts. and some of an inferior qual-
ity, used for perfumery and "soaps. '
Says the Boston Transcript: "'The
state of California produces alout
14.000.000 pounds of almonds ;u a
year. two-thirds of the amount re-
'luired for domestic consumption. :an:
the other almonds are impoi tel tron
European countries, from which. until
a few years ago, all the anionds
were sent. The figures of almond im
portations for the fiscal year I1Si)9
siow importations of about 7,04)0.;0s
pounds. Of this amount 4,500,000
came from Spain, 1, 500,000 from It-
aly, chiefly Sicily, and the nlanuce
from Greece and Portugal. Cocoannnit
to the value to the value of about
$(i00,000 a year are imported int. the.
United States from foreign conutriesi
or from countries which are nulnde
foreign jurisdiction at the time of tile
last annual treasury report. Before
the beginning of the Cuban war for
independence the importations of
cocoanuts from Cuba into the United
States were to the value of about
$200,000 a year. With the beginning ,
of the war it declined and under the
present tariff the duty on cocoanut-
further reduced the importations from
Cuba, though a large increase in the
shipments of cocoanuts is expected
this year under American jurisdictloi
in Cuba and Porto Rico. The com-
petition of American with foreign co-
coanuts, the latter from the West
Indies and South American states, ha.
been more active than in the case of
almonds, for the reason that the chief
source of supply of American cocoa-
nuts is Florida, which is in closer
proximity to the New York market
The annual product of Florida cocoa-
nuts amounts to about $300,000 a year.
and the conditions as to the almonds
and cocoanuts are in this particu-
lar reversed. California produces just
twice as many almonds as are import-
ed into the United States, whereas
Florida produces Just one-half as 1


many cocoanuts as are imported."-
Bradstreet's.

Direct Aright.
In our September number, we spoke
of the importance of adapting crops
to natural conditions. Every practical
farmer and fruit-grower kpows that
certain localities are peculiarly suited
to certain crops. The Indian river or-
ange cannot'be duplicated elsewhere;
the LeConte and Keifer pears will
flourish in one locality and be be un-
suited in another along Lne same line
of latitude; sO with the Elberta and
other varieties of peaches. Kalamazoo
celery easily outrivals the output of
this condiment in other sections of the
country. Sumatra or Havana tobacco
attains perfection on certain lands in
this state, while it is only ordinary in
other localities near by. And so we
might continue to enumerate concern-
ing the superior merits of the output
of one locality over another, and that,
too, with the same article of produce.
Now, we believe that every section
has its peculiar advantages in the per-
fection of certain crops, and those who
make a correct solution of this matter
will profit most in their work. And
right hare is where the experimental
stations could subserve a grand pur-
pose in determining these matters.
They could show that in certain lo-
calities, high or low land would yield
certain crops that would most likely
be remunerative. Why wait for the
slow process of individual experi-
ments, which may entail losses and
hardships to those illy able to bear
them?
We already know that the light san-
dy lands of Florida yield a cane from
which a sirup can be made that would
le as deservedly popular and as much
nought for among sirups as is the
Florida orange among fruits of the
lame family. It only needs to be uni-
formly prepared, and introduced as
either articles of merit to prove a bo-
nanza to the producers. So, also, with
tobacco and many other articles of
produce that may be selected from the
long list of cultivatable crops In
this alluring clime. But we know too
much in one particular while lacking
largelyy in another. We know of the
possibility of raising nearly all the
fruits and crops produced elsewhere,
)ut are not informed as to the most
suitable and profitable crops that may
,e advantageously produced here. Let
this matter be practically settled; let
the land agent and the over zealous
publishers s of Florida's attractions un-
leceive the settler regarding the mul-
tiplicity of crops that may be profit-
ibly produced here, but let them ad- '
vise truthfully as to those crops most
-uitable to certain sections and certain
hands, and a pathway will be laid out
Ihat will guide correctly the tiller of
the soil. Then will the reefs and
4hoals upon which so many have been
wrecked be pointed out, and then, too.
vill Florida truly sustain the reputa-
tion, which she boasted years ago, for
being a storehouse of health and
wealth combined.-Datil Pepper.


Seedless Peaches.
Messrs. R. A. Mills and P. B. Jau-
Ion, of Orlando, Fla., have made a
discovery which will prove of great
benefitt to the peach industry of the
-ountry. They have been experiment-
ng for several years on the problem
- producing seedless peaches, and at
ast think they have succeeded. .Last





THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 9


spring several trees which had set
fruit, but still had a few blossoms
with forming fruit barely visible,
we:e operated on by their process.
The fully formed fruit on these trees
yielded pits of the regulation size,
while the peaches produced from the
late blooms mentioned had extremely
small pits; some of them complete,.
aborted, and the flesh was much movie
delicious than those with natural pits.
Had the test been made late last fall
or early this spring, the result would
no doubt have been entirely satisfac-
tory, with no greater show of seeds
than in the pineapple or banana.
Specimens of the aborted pits have
been shown to a number of persons.
A great many fruit trees of differ-
ent varieties have been subject to the
process in this vicinity during the
summer and fall, which will not pro-
duce seedless fruit until next year.
The parties claim that their process is
simply horticultural transmutation,
and is as easily "worked" as grafting.
The process is as applicable to bear-
ing fruit trees and grape vines as it is
to nursery stock.
Edible products of the tree ani
vine are of the highest value to man,
as articles of food, the world ov-:-r.
but an abundance of fruits in tile
tropics is a bountiful provision for
real wants, contributing materially to
the maintenance and health of the in-
habitants. The universal coolness of
succulent fruits amidst the heat of the
tropics; their temperature, wilen
freshly gathered, being much below
the surrounding atmosphere. fropi-
cal fruits, however, have the serioits
objection of being large-seeded, es-
pecially the drupes or one seeded. va-
rietie.. Their seedless process w-voullil
add much to their value and desira-
bility.
In applying the "transmutation
complex" to bearing fruit trees, not
the least damage can be done them::
on the contrary, if trees are in badt
condition this process will restore
them to a healthy, vigorous growth,
and the.certain production of luscious
seedless fruits.
Experiments are now being tried
with this process on nut-bearmni
trees, with the expectation that won-
derful results will be developed.-Ex.
AN UNCONSCIOUS TOAST.
Lord Clyde, one day after dinner,
asked a chaplain to one of the regi-
ments in India for a toast, who, after
considering some time, at length ex-
claimed with great simplicity:
"Alas and alack a day! What can
I give?"
"Nothing better," replied his lord-
ship. "Come gentlemen, we'll give a
bumper to the parson's toast, 'A lass
and a lac a day.' "
A lac means 100,000 rupees, or $25,-
000, which is certainly an income to
make one happy.-Kansas City In-
dependent.


0
cc




Z



t
w


eat
5l
uI-0
Ca
us
'-ar
In



"is
.5.5
ens

0..


'"White -ikory-"
E. D. HOBBS & CO., Agents, Tampa,l


FIRST All) TO THE INJURED.
customerr (emerging front bargain
counter crush)-Help! My leg is brok-


Floorwalker-You will
crutch department, sir on
floor, in the rear.-Judge.


find the
the fourth


WANTED IN every town a local
representative, Lady or Gentleman.
Easy work, good pay. No capital re-
quired. Payment every week. Ad-
di ess for particulars. C. L. Marechal
Art Co.. 348 Elm St., Dillas, Texas.
4*
As the Florida Representative of the large
International Publishing Co., of Philadelpih;
and Chicago I am prepared to offer extra in-
ducements to LADIES & GENTLEMEN to
work for them both by offerirg iaree com-
missions and PREMIUMS albo both to the
agent and the purchaser of books.
Isaac Morgan. State Agent,
Kissimme*. Fla.


CHEAP COLUMN
RATES-Twenty words, name and address
ce week, 25 cents; three weeks 50 cents.
SALT SICK Cured for one dollar or m o y
refunded. W. H Mann, Manville. Fn.
10X18-1900
H IG re ot all best adapted oar,
.ataloe free G. L. Taher. Glen r t M
Nurseries, Glen St Mary, Fla. 43tf
500 YOUNG FOWLS from which to make
your choice. White and Brown leghorns,
Barred and White P. Rocks, and a few Buff
of both varieties. Wire netting, ani-meal to
make hens lay, and Mica Crystal grit. Cata-
logue and price list free.
37tf E. W. Amsden, Ormond, Fla.
VILLA LAKE NURSERIES.
Fruitland Park, Lake Co., Fla.
Offers for July planting 25 varieties of 2 and
3 year citrus buds. For good stock and low
prices, address, C. W. FOX, Prop.
24tf


\VANTED-A quantity of Wild Lemon Seed
or young nursery stock. Please write the
price to A. L. Ingerson, Lemon City, Fla.
40-tf

WANTED:-to exchange a Flour Mill
near Toledo, Ohio. for real estate prop-
erty in Florida. Capacity of mill about
50 bbls. per day. Parties having pr6p-
erty to offer will please address their
letters to "Flour Mill" Care Agricultur-
ist, DeLand, Fla. 45 tf. i
EXTR4 Good Ca sava for December plant
ing 25 cents a hundred feet, if ordered now.
W H. ParmenterJr., Orange Par 46


A COMPLIMENT. THE SID B. SLIGH CO., Wholesalers of
Apr s of te le Ld Watson's Fruit and Produce; Commission Merchants.
Apropos of the late Lord Watson's i38 East Bay Street, Jacksonville, Fla.
predilection for interrupting counsel 4Ttf.
and the story of Lora Bramwell's ex- ABAKKA asd Porto Rico Piseapple suck-
hortation to his learned brother to ers. Cyrus W. Butler, St. Petersburg. F.a.
48152
cease worrying a certain arguing bar- 48-52
rister a correspondent tells how on one FOR SALE-Grapefruit, Tangerine and Or-
ange tre-s. 2o selected varieties, extra
occasion Lord Watson justified his in- large two-years' and first-class one-year's
veterate habit of interposition. buds at the Winter Haven Nurseries.x
veti~rate habit of interposition. 47xS2
"I ventured," he says, "once out of
court to complain to him of his too FOR SA.L Nurserv of eight thoi'san
Grapefruit Tres. 4 ,500 bu< Cid. Iox 2
frequent Interruptions from which I o0i ndo, fI e. 49tf.
had suffered in court.
"He answered: "Eh? Man. you WA TF.D-An orange grove to care for in
South 'lorid; wuu d be willi g to work oi,
should not complain of that, for I nev- sh ie ,r other arraneame:ts. might be
er interrupt a fool.' -London Globe, tde. ddres arang." ereof Alric u-


+++++++++++++-+++++4 *++-++* . .4 .++++
SKREInH'r PRE -AI0 ON 'rTBElu .
* Strictly high-class sto ek. Warranted true to name. Free from
* all injurious insects and fungus diseases. Extreme care in
Packing. +
* 300 VARIETIES. Oranges, P'omelos. Kumquarts, Peaches, Pear
+ Plums, Kaki, Nuts. Grapes, Figs, Mulberries, &c. Also Roses
+ and Ornamentals.
+ 17 YEARS established. Correspondence Solicited. Catalogue Free. *
* Estimates furnished. No Agents.
SG. L.T .her, Prop. GLEN Sr. MiABRY NlJISUEIB *
SOlen 1 Mary, Florda. 4


FOR PROFIT AND PLEASURE


BUY ONLY

GRIFFIN'S

Fruit Trees, Seeds and Fancy Poultry.
HIGHEST QUALITY. LOWEST PRICES.
Freight Prepaid on Trees and Seed,

Satsuma Orange on Trifoliata Stock
A SPECIALTY.
All the Standard Varieties of Orange, Lemon and Grape Fruits in
stock. Also a complete assortment of the best varieties of Peaches, Plums,
Japan Persimmons, Pears, Apples, Mulberries, Figs, Pecans, Grapes, Or-
namental trees, Roses, etc., etc., adapted for southern planting.
The most extensive propagting establishment in the Lower South.
Largest and most complete catalogue published in the South, listing a
complete line of nursery stock, Seed and Fancy Poultry, free upon applica-
tion. Address,
THE GRIFFING BROS. CO., '"".aSi'
City Office ;ad Grounds. 1149 Main St.


Farmers' Attention!
SPECIAL
SPRING
GOODS

Avery Garden Plows, Acme Harrows
GEORGIA STOCKS.
SPR YING OUTFITS,
and ever, thing in Grove and Farm Implements and Supplies
Poultry Netting W ? ih"' Columbia Bicycles
at lowest Prices I sllt C lmba iyce


CARR.1


CHARTER OAK STOVES.
RA PAINT, IRON PIPE, BOILERS AND PUMP8
WRITE POR PRICES.
GEO. H. FERNALD, Sanford, Florida.


ST. JOSEPH'S
ACGDim. kk,
SISTERS OF ST. JOSEPH.
ORLANDO, FLA.
This Institution for young ladies is situat-
ed in one of the healthiest sections of this
State.
The system of education pursued is design-
ed to develop the mental, the moral, and the
physical powers of the pupils to make of
them useful women of refined tastes and cul-
tivated manners.
For Terms Address,
The Mothelr Superior.


Fruits and Flowers

FOR SOUTHERN
PLANTING
The Summit Norsrie make a specialty of
SATSUMA AND OTHER ORANGE" ON
TRIFOLIATA STOCKS.
Crafted Pecans, Field-Growa Roea and a full
line of other Fruit Tree* Shrubbery. Etc.
Prie. Low: Freight Paid.
D. L. PIERSON. Fro;.
lr Iamutomet I.a


ft 0






S.'







F al
19LP


U


----





10 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


HOSBRHOLD DEPARTMENT. walks. The air is still full of the sun
-- shine of summer, without any of its
Address all communications to Household !oppressive heat. The cardinal flowel
Department, Agriculturi4t, OcLand, Fla. of early autumn has- faded with the
-- asters and the goldenrod. but the
AIrLPrUL CORNER. i witch-lhizol tinges the borders of thf(
S woods and hedges with its delicate
Renovating Picture Frames. oldl. aln thel blue fringed gentian
It is often a question what to l, bloss.onis amonf the frost bleached
with the small frames used for p[i- :f fer'. in the meadows.
tographs, which have begun to look Thlose delightful fall birds, the white-
old, and "not fit to be seen." T!: throated sparrow and the fox sparrow.
question was recently solved by o01u1 are ,no- aulndanlt. though most of the
woman, who had grown tired of the Isulmr birds are gone. If you are
shabby looking frames, but being a I tempted to take a morning walk after
amateur in photography. had use forI n ,nli- ,c p iof (,offeo anud roll or
all such articles, to.lst. you will come home to your
For the frames of aluminum. silv-e., Ireakfast ready to enjoy a piece of
old, etc.. which were so popular a few brIoiled meat. accompanied with the
years ago, and are still much uselt. best of breakfast bread.
she made a warm pearline suds. ani It would be difficult to tell which is
with a nail brush, gave them a thor- the best of all breakfast breads. Some
ough scrubbing. This removed all would give the highest praise to bis-
dust, and considerable stain and tar- cuits. light. ftaky and perfect; others
nish. She then applied a home-made would consider that a griddlecake
silver polish which added the finishing Irpresents the most delicious of all
touch and the frames were as goosl as breakfast cakes. The buckwheat
new. griddlecake belongs to the winter ta-
The plush frames that had become ble.
faded and dingy were given a good In the southern and western parts of
brushing to remove the dust, thli-u
our country Sally Lunn is a favorite
brightened with diluted ammonia ap- bread for this season of autumn. It is
plied with a small brush. Those that a bread that is exactly adapted to
were too faded to respond to this early fall breakfasts. Do not make it
treatment were given a touching up in a "sheet." Sally Lunn properly
with a strong solution of diamond made, as the southern cook makes it.
dye,. the color of the frame, dissolved i. a soft. light, moist, deliciously gold-
in hot water and applied with a brush. en brown breakfast bread. It is
The brush was lightly touched in the made. raised and baked in a round
plush and given a slight rotary move- Turk's head dish of yellow and
meant to prevent pressing the pile brown earthenware. It was formerly
down. served in the dish it was baked in.
A different color of the dye could be This is not necessary. It can be slip-
used, which would change the appear- ped out of the dish at the last moment
ance of the frame and, perhaps, be and brought entire to the table. Do
more satisfactory If one is tired of the not cut or break it before it is put on
old color. The wood frames were the table. When it is served cut it.
washed in the pearline suds and when using a hot knife. This prevents the
dry rubbed with a flannel cloth dip- cake being sodden when it is cut. Use
ped In a mixture of two parts kero- any table knife, heated in hot water.
sene to one of hnseed oil. It does not. however, improve the
The gilt frames were washed in temper of a good steel knife to heat
water that onions had been boiled in. it. Ise an ordinary one.
and if too badly tarnished or fly- To make the Sally Lunn. beat the
specked, were then given a coat of yolks and whites of four eggs thor-
diamond gold paint. The glasses cov- oulghly; add a cupful of scalded mill
ering the pictures were all washed in cooled until lukewarm and a cupful of
the suds and then polished with a soft w arm water. also a scant cupful of
cloth, butter. (l!d cooks generally took
A very pretty holder for photo- half lard and half butter.) Add a
graphs was made of a large picture te-aspoonful of salt. Sift into these
frame which had lost its glass and ingredients a quart of sifted flour
been relegated to the attic. The frame which has been set in the oven until
,and back were first cleaned with pear- it is warn. Beat the mixture well.
line suds, then the points of the frame and add half a yeast cake or a cupful
were brightened. It was given a coat of the perpetual yeast. Beat the bat-
of white paint, then a coat of white ter until it blisters. Let it rise until
enamel. A brush was then dipped in it is very light. It is generally raised
diamond gold paint and the frame de- over night. In the morning turn it
corated with clouds, streaks, and out of the (!ish in which it was made
dabs with the end of the brush. No and raised. Butter the dish thickly
It was not a botch, but a very artistic vnd put the cake back: pour a little
piece of work when finished, but, of miltcd butter over it or rub it gently
course, considerable care was taken with melted butter 'and let it rise,
to put the gold paint on artistically, well covered, for about an hour. Bake
The back was covered with heavy i' in a quick oven for three-quarters
paper and the edges pasted down on of an hour. If it browns too rapidly


and one-half hours. Leave it in the Over-Work Weakens
.lteamer over night and heat it up in
the morning.--Exchange. YOur Kidneys.
*
Confe tions. Unhalaltlhy Kidneys Make Impure loo4,
Glace Nuts.-Two cups of sugar. All the blood in your body passes through
one (lupl boiling water, one-eighth your kidneys once every three minutes.
teaspoon cream tartar. Put ingredi- The kidneys are your
i i blood purifiers, they fi-
euts in a smooth sauce pan, stir. place ter out rhe waste or
on range. and heat to boiling point. I impurities in the blood.
Boil without stirring until syrup be- If they are sick or out
gins to discolor. Carefully wipe off of order, they fal to do
sugar which adheres to sides of sauce Pains, achesandrheu-
pan, which will prevent burning. Re- matism come from ex-


move sauce pan from fire, and place
iti largeri pan of cold water to instant-
ly stop boiling. Remove from cold wa-
ter and place in a saucepan of hot wa-
Ster during dipping. Take nuts separ-
ately on a long pin, dip in syrup tV
cover, remove from syrup and place
on oiled paper.
Walnut Fudge.-Three cups sugai.
one cup milk, two ounces butter, v:,-
nilla. Boil ten minutes or until it
makes a soft ball when tried in cohl
water. Then set kettle into "pan .f
cold water and beat until cream .
.ust before pouring into the pan, stir
in a cupful of coarsely chopped walnut
meats. Then pour into pan anti cut
ilnt spiariles when cold.
Nut Cake.--Two cups flour, one tea-
spoon baking powder, one-half cup
butter, one -cup sugar, two eggs. one-
lialf cup sweet milk, one cup nut
meats. 'one teaspoon vanilla. Sift
flour and baking powder together.
Cream the butter beat in sugar grad-
ually. then the yolks of the eggs and
flavoring. Add the milk and flour al-
ternately. and lastly the stiffly beaten
whites of the eggs. Mix in carefully
the nut meats chopped coarsely. Bake
in shallow pans. Ice and put unbrok-
-ni halves of the nuts on top.
Walnut Caramel Frosting.-Of light
brown sugar one pound, one culp
cream, small cup butter, boil twenty
minutes. add one-half pound finely
chopped nut meats, 1 teaspoon vanilla.
Stir till cool and of right thickness to
spread.
Nut Cookies.-Take two cups sugar.
two eggs, one-half cup melted butter.
six tablespoons milk, or a little more
than a third of a cup. 1 teaspoon
cream tartar, one-half teaspoon soda.
and one cup chopped kernels stirred
:nto the dough.
Roasted Chestnuts.-Cut a slit in the
shell of each chestnut, put them in a
perforated pan. or a popcorn popper.
over an open fire. Shake them while
cooking. They are done when they
burst open anl will peel off easily.
Serve them hot.


Fashion Hints.
Winter hats will be somewhat larger
than those we have been wearing, and
very much trimmed. Toques will be
larger, on account of their massive


- .ss ofur ic acidlmn the


k--... K obooa, oue to negltcctd
kidney trouble.
Kidney trouble causes quick or unsteady
heart beats, and makes one feel as though
they had heart trouble, because the heart is
over-working in pumping thick, kidney-
poisoned blood through veins and arteries.
It used to be considered that only urinary
troubles were to be traced to the kidneys,
but now modern science proves that nearly
all constitutional diseases have their begin-
ning in kidney trouble.
If you are sick you can make no mistake
by first doctoring your kidneys. The mild
and the extraordinary effect of Dr. Kilmer's
Swamp-Root, the great kidney remedy is
soon realized. It stands the highest for its
wonderful cures of the most distressing cases
and is sold on its merits
by all druggists in fifty-
cent and one-dollar siz-
es. You may have a
sample bottle by mail nome of swmp-Root.
free. also pamphlet telling you how to find
out if you have kidney or bladder trouble.
Mention this paper when writing Dr. Kilmer
& Co., Binghamton, N. Y.


its utility and popularity.
Orders are particularly heavy for
novelty taffetas, and leading those in
point of sales is the applique effect on
black and white taffeta.
Arc-de-ceil spangles are the leading
novelties of the season in that line,
and look like mother-of pearl, with all
the pale tints of the rainbow in them.
They go with any color and are seen
in everything on which a spangle can
be put.
Heavy silk garnitures of flowers in
natural colors are among the leading
things in high class trimmings. The
flowers come by the yard, by the doz-
en, or in skirt panel and bodice pieces.
In these the largest orders are being
placed for chrysanthemums. roses,
dragon flies and cat-'o-nine-tails.
The loose-fronted box coat of Brit-
ish red cloth with chinchilla revers,
the French boulevard jacket of Rus-
sian blue with trimmings of white
silk machine stitching, the short,
double-breasted English jacket of
silky corduroy. and the long Raglan
formed of heather-mixed tweed, with
triple shoulder capes lined with gera-
nium red silk, are among the latest
styles in autumn wraps.
It is now quite correct to put sleeves
of fancy satin, metelasse, velvet, cord-
ed silk or other material into bodices
with which the merest color connec-
tion is sufficient, and usually where a
gown has a guimpe yoke or vest of a


trimmning. which is in two or three certain fabric thle sleeves now match


shades of velvet. tucked and stitc.;ed
or. if garnished with colored silk, the
how-. are lined with white or lighter


the back of the board, then with gold- at tirst. cover it during the first ten toned silk, covered with rows of
en brown velveteen. A lattice all or twenty minutes of its baking, stitchiug. Mousseline de sole, para-
over the velveteen was made with .Another delicious bread for a fall disc plumes, ostrich feathers and flow-
narrow gold colored ribbon. The frame breakfast comes directly from New ers enrich the coming season's
was hung with golden brown ribbon England. It is a variety of the fam- 1'eadgear. Striking combinations of
and the photos tucked in the lattice. ouis steamed brown loaf of Boston. soft colors, such as a novel shade of
Priscilla Pry. i Sift one cupful of wheat flour. one cvrise velvet twisted on a nmauv. I mir-
S* c-upful of yellow Indian meal and one ror velvet, compose many becoming
Warm Breads for Breakfast. cupful of rye meal with one teaspoon- toques.
It will be found that the appetite of fn! of salt and three teaspoonfuls of There is no abatement in th(i vogun
the family at breakfast begins to im-I sda into a bowl. Add a cupful of (iof til shirt waist. The change cf
prove with the brisk, cool weather of stoned raisins and three teacupfuls of se-aonus calls for different miiateria!s
October and early November. This is sour buttermilk. Beat the batter very and mixoifications in style, btt the gar-
one of the most delightful seasons for thoroughly and steam the bread three I ment remains practically the samue in


that part of the waist in kind.
The light but effective lace boas
are a very becoming substitute for the
heavier sort of fur to be worn later on.
Next to the marabout feather boa one
of lace is the prettiest.-Ex.

\VANTED--Several bright and hon-
est persons to represent us as manag-
ers of this and close by counties. Sal-
a ry $SX)n a year and expenses. Strafiht
bona-fide. no more, no less salary. Po-
sition permanent. Our references, any
bink in any town. It is mainly office
work conducted at home. Reference..
Enclose self addressed stamped enve-
lope. THE DOMINION COMPANY.


o


I _


I






THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 11


POULTRY Di.PARTMENT. a balanced ration for egg production. think it is a good deal of trouble to be
In winter, when the flock is necessari- thus particular with food and the ob-
.._r al- co, m.,nmat, .n to IoultrI L)e ly deprived of the natural requisites rvance of cleanliness. It is, but it
i l.a,.,i, Fa specified, the aim should be to supply pays. The farmer who thinks the
as far as possible these essentials in i'arket gardener takes too much
Xinorc.s. some form or other. Clover has prov- pains to secure his crop of vegetables. i
In reply to a queiy about the Min ed itself to be a most excellent bulky did he compare his own products with
o.cas, I would say that this variety of food, rich in nitrogen. Raw green them would readily see how well th -
fowlJ belongs to the Mediterranean bone takes the place perfectly of in- markett gardener is repaid for his "ex-
class, and they are placed next to the sect food. tra" work. If town poultrymen can
Leghons in laying qualities. They The clover should be cut fine and make the flock in winter a source of
aie in appearance very similar to the scalded and the water drained off af- considerable profit, why should not
Leghorn. Their general outline is, in ter it has cooled, then mixed with the same thing be done by the farm-
fact, that of the latter, but of more wheat bran and fed at once to the eri. who is surrounded with far more
length of body and heavier in mold. hens. It is a very suitable mid-day favorable couditions?-Baltimore Sun.
Indeed, they are the only variety of the meal in winter. The scattering from
Mediternanean class that has a given ia mow of clover at the barn are ex- Tbk Chi
% e.ght, which approaches that of the cellent to use for this purpose. The ss s .o.
Wyandotte, being only one-half pound raw green bone should be cut filte : at moked in a ew ors with bor
SKRAUWSRS' LIQUID EXTRACT OF SUMEIL. be lan
lighter than the last named. with one of the regular bone mills nade rom hickory wood. Ohp nd e
Ilhe origin of the Mmorca, like that made for the purl-ose. and in winter "eebr. &dAUSSe b Bld usgs. and. fo
of bo many others of our profitable an allowance of hc!f an ounec every s
poultry, is much in doubt. Some are day to each hen will be sufficiler. P'OqER CUT" LRd. m"l ftln i s tp
^^^^*^k~B^-n1 Nr ** *ww *mas MM^ii


of the opinion that they originally
came from Minorca, an island in the
Meatenanean Sea, one of the Ba.ea-
ric Is.es, while others contend that
they are a vailety of the Black Span-
ish. L.e that as it may, they are one
of the most profitable breeds of poul-
try for the farm that is known. For
table purposes they are good, the
flesh being white, or light colored, and
fine grained. Their chief property is
their egg production. They are non-
sitters, and year-round layers. As
winter layers, they are exceptionally
good, when kept under fairly favor-
able circumstances. While the Leg-
horn surpasses them in the number of
eggs laid, the Minorca's eggs are larg-
er, and equal the output in bulk. The
eggs are white and average eight to
the pound. They lay from twelve to
fifteen dozen a year. For farm purpo-
ses they are especially profitable. Be-
ing of an active, restless disposition,
they keep in excellent condition and
make good foragers. For suburban
poultry keeping they are very practi-
cal birds, and net good results to the
keeper. They are hardy, easily raised,
and mature quickly.-Northwestern
Agriculturist ,
The Beat Food in Cold Weather for
0 -


The farmer has special advantages
over the town poultry raiser for pro-
ducing winter eggs, because he can
aise about all the food the hens ru
quire. As a portion of it is greet
foo,. there is a good opportunity to
utilize the inferior heads of cabbage.
some turnips, rutabaga, etc. The
turning of these things into eggs when
prices are high will be very encourag-
ing. When the farmer once realizes
what a profit can be made from a
flock of well kept hens in winter bh
will thereafter have a patch of crime
son clover pasture for them to run on
at that season.
One of the best diets for the produc-
tion of winter eggs is the following:
Morning food, ground oats, corn meal.
or hominy chop, and good wheat bran
-equal quantities of each in bulk.
Mix thoroughly so as to distribute the
ingredients evenly, then pour on boil-
iugl water sufficient to make the mix
ture of a crumbly consistency. Fet '.
when it has cooled to blood heat It
is a good plan to mix the food the last
thing at night, and set the pan with i:
on the back of the stove. This wii
enable one to feed early-a very nlm
portant thing. The noontime meal
can be cut clover steamed. The sup-
per-wheat, corn, buckwheat anid


Egg Production, oats. The idea should be to alternate
The production of eggs in winter the green food, feeding wheat om
depends upon having the hens proper- day and corn the next. Feed the oatl
ly housed and cared for, and, of and buckwheat together. The mixe,-
course, provided with suitable food. food can also be varied by using a
The idea that corn, if it is fed liberal- portion of boiled roots, and leaving
ly, is all-sufficient, is a very erroneous out the ground oats. An occasional
one. Corn has been called the lazy feed of boiled oats at noon should be
man's poultry food. It is little trou- given. In very bitter cold weather
ble to throw out corn to the hens, if the grain food should be warmed
It is already shelled from the cob, and enough to take the chill off. Occa-
if not, as a farmer was heard to re- sionally charring a little of the corn
mark: "Why, I just chuck out a few will do good. Frozen ground affords
ears and let them work the grain off. :t poor chance for the hens to secure
They get exercise in doing it." This the required supply of grit, therefore
i true-they generally get more exer- in accessible supply of crushed oyster:
cie than corn. A diet of whole corn shells should be provided. The tablh
in winter will furnish the hens plen- -craps make excellent winter food for
ty of heating and fattening food, but the hens. The aim should be, as be-
unless other food is allowed with it fore stated, to supply as great a varie-
after a time, comparatively few eggs ty of food as possible. Do not imagine
will be laid by hens thus fed. the proper way to supply the hens
Variety is required for producing with water in the winter is in ice or
eggs in winter the same as in spring snow form. See that they have plen-
and summer. A study of the habits ty of water, and that it has been
of hens show that they do best when heated sufficiently to take the chill off.
allowed to select a portion of their The grain supply for supper should
daily allowance. Close observation be scattered in the scratching shed.
will further show they are fond of which should be kept liberally sup-
nipping white clover leaves, green plied with dry. clean litter, frequent-
weed seed, young grass shoots, and ly renewed. If a flock that is proper
various other kinds of food of a ly housed in hen houses cleaned every
bulky nature. They will leave grain morning is fed as specified above, th.,
for insect food. These facts should return of egF.s in winter will make tho
teach the poultry keeper how to make work a very pleasant task. Some may


Gel,
a CaMS55

Sews. Vu
aw,
Pass an
Blowers


IRATOR and POWERS
fo 11 i 31b s ,sitb terere. tit,- ls.i



si Cnter,.
stee Laud 4 r... CSIS SI... -
"dS.W ..Tar-4 5 eseNr.f P I
IL.16 JB~IN04111 1501. Tatans. k'..


YOUR HORSE_ L a.
if suffering from an enlargement can be quickly
put on nis feet. No need to blister or fire.
The enlargement will be quickly absorbed by



Nothing like it to cure ashore tendon,
or to kill a spavin, curb or splint.
This remedy is known to more driv-
ers and horsemen than any other lin-
iment, because it does the work by
its ~lenetraiing qualities. PuTraist
pnsr I f saza a.s a, OaIa, L. ZA L 4W Bnerhullt d


+44+4+4 4 4+444444,, *.
.++



Ip Seed
Please note that I have transfer

t Please note that I have transfer r


-- ^^^-.-^- is^-,
4 4 4+444#44 4444 4444444 4



I Seed.
4.
m4

ed my seed business from Galnesvllle -.


4 to Jacksonville, Fla. I can now offer special inducements to pur-
+
' chasers of SEED OATS, SEED POTATOES, VELVET BEANS, etc.
+ I have 800 pounds . . . .....................


+ oq; Per6 qIr41oghpe Seq&
+
*- 4.
+
+ for delivery by January 1st. Address all orders and enquiries to +

4 P.F. WILSON, 4

+ Care E. 0. Paint"' & Co., J&ACKSONVILE. FLA. t
4. 4.
4. 44-. + * *+ r


MALLORY STEAMSHIP LINE.

Florida P- --l -ge"""r Ferve
Wew York steamers. leave JacL-
hNewT sonvtlls Thursdays 8:n
Phila am c. & rer-
delphia & nandi and Cumberand
< e. taking linner en r'te.
Boston '4,r :0 ,(Fc.C & ,., "ar l
From Brunswick direct to t l gevrs .n arrival roing
New York. -- - L.an.ctli ab,.ardl steamer.
PBOPO ED MAILINGS for 1198.
Nt)KI I H )UND--BRUNSWICK GA., DIR ECT TO NEW YORK. LEAVING EVERY
FRIDAY AS FOLLOW'A:
8 8 (* ILORADO .............. . . --.. .......... riday, December 8
I R it m (l.\IANDE ...... ......... ... .........Friday, December 15
S S. cU .ORi.o .\r, ...... ... .. ....... ...Friday, December 2"
RIO GRANDE..... .......... ................. Friday, December 2P
Sl-TTi:(' r'NL-NE\V YORK TO BRITNS"ICK, STEAMERS LEAVE PIER St
E. R.. EVERY FRIDAY. 3:00 P. M.
F -.. -era' inf-rmation. steamers, trains, rates, etc.. apply to any railroad agent, or to
BASIL GILL, 220 W. Bay Street. Jacksonville, Fla.
l4. It Ravm 'nd. General Southern Agent. l 3runsoiek. Ga.,
H. .Mallor, & Co.. general Agents. Pier OEr R. and 3S Broadray, N. Y.


W 0 -





A WHITE LIE.


"I don't believe you'd tell a fib to
save your life, Henry."
This remark caused a general
laugh from the little crowd of stu-
dents gathered to plan their jokes
for the coming holidays.
Henry Harris was recognized by
all who knew him as a fellow who
detested the most trifling falsehood.
His friends always jeered him
when he refused joining in some
practical joke comprising the sac-
rifice of truth.
"You have often laughed at me,"
said Henry quietly, "but the sharp-
est pain the truth ever cost me is
as nothing compared to the life's
sorrow and regret caused by my
last falsehood. If you care to listen
I will tellyou the story of one lie
and its effects."
"All right, old fellow; let's have
it," replied.his fellow-students in a
chorus.
Henry Harris leaned back in his
chair and began his story.
"When I was a boy of twelve
there came to our village a young
man in ill health, who soon became
a sincere friend of,my father's and
frequently visited our home.
"This invalid, whose name was
Alfred Payson, confided his life's
story to my father. It was a tale
that is met with only too often.
"Alfred had been a wild and
reckless youth, thereby arousing
his father's anger, and just six
yems before the two had parted,
each vowing never to look upon the
other's face. For six years Alfred's
proud spirit had refused to seek the
reconciliation that a word from him
might have brought about.
"One day there came to him a
sense of his sin against his father,
to whom he had been as dead for
so long. Seized with a sudden feel-
ing of forgiveness he wrote a letter
to that father, imploring his pardon
and asking for one word with him
before he died.
The letter was given to me to
post by my father one noon as I
arose from my dinner.
"It will go off sooner if you
post it in town,' said he. 'Be sure
you don't forget it, my boy.'
"'All right, father,' I answered,
thrusting the letter into the pocket
of my baseball trousers.
"Upon reaching the town I
found that I was already five. .in-
utes late for the game, and resolv-
ing that it would be time enough
to post the letter afterward put it in
my pocket again and hastened to
the field.
"After witnessing an exciting
game I started homeward without
one thought of the unpoSted letter
in my pocket, and there it lay for-
gotten through tne following week.
"Alfred Payson grew weaker
each day and was no longer equal
to the shortest journey, but when
the day was bright and warm he
would sit under the shade of the
chestnut tree on the little lawn at
Woodbine Cottage.
"He would eagerly watch the
postman coming down the lane,
and what a disappointed shadow
used to cross his face when told
there was no letter for him.
"One evening I was called into
my father's study and asked if I had
posted the letter he gave me.
"'What letter, father?' I stam-


mered, as a recollection of my duty
omitted flashed across me.
"'The one I gave you a week
ago,' answered my father sharply.
'Did you post it as I bade you?'
'Yes, father,' I answered falter-
ingly.
"The moment the lie had escaped
my lips I would have given worlds
to recall it, but the next I yielded to
my foolish cowardice and verified
it by another.
"You are certain, Henry? 'added
my father, looking searchingly
at me, and I replied unhesitatingly:
'Quite certain, father.'
'All right, my boy,' he answer-
ed kindly. 'I don't doubt yourword,
but I thought you might have for-
gotten it, and it was an important
letter'.
"O, what a miserable, guilty boy
I felt as I crept into bed that night.
I resolved to post the letter the first
thing in the morning, but then I
thought this would entail the dis-
covery of my falsehood, for the date
of the postmark would be enough
to explain the cause of its delay.
"Anxious and unhappy I carried
the letter in my pocket all day. The
possession of it made me miserable,
yet I had not the courage to do
what I knew to be right-namely:
go to my father and confess all.
"I had half made up my mind to
do this, when, wandering down the
garden walk one evening, I was
seized with a sudden temptation.
The gardener had been burning
rubbish all day, and the heap was
still blazing brightly.
"Without a thought of its con-
tents, I threw the letter in the midst
of the burning rubbish. In a mo-
ment the words that might have
brought to a dying son a father's
loving forgiveness were destroyed
forever.
"Not many days longer did Al-
fred Payson listen longingly for the
old postman's footsteps in the lane.
The angel of death was hovering
near the little rose-covered cottage.
"One bright June morning the
news came to us that Alfred was
dying. My father lost no time in
sending a telegram to the young
man's father summoning him to the
bedside of his dying son.
"By the next train the old man
came at last with the words of love
and pardon for which his boy had
craved.
"But. too late. Alfred Payson
had passed forever beyond the
reach of earthly forgiveness.
"Need I add that the letter
which in my wicked cowardice I
had destroyed had been a plea from
that dying son for the reconcilia-
tion that. but for the falsehood I ut-
tered, should have brightened his
last hours on earth ?
"Do you wonder that the memo-
ry of my life's sorrow and regrethas
taught me a lesson never to be for-
gotten?-Boston Post.
a
Holly Superstitions.
Many are the legends and super-
stitions connected with holly. Old
authors write of the tree as the hul-
wer and the holm, while in our old
ballads it is nearly always the hol-
lin tree. It is as the holm that Spen-
cer includes it among the trees that
grew in the forest where Una and
her gentle knight sought "covert "
Coles. in his quaint "H e r ba ."
tells us that the smaller branches of
the holly may be used in decorat-


ing houses and churches, and that
those of a larger size are "very nec-
essary for carters to make whips
and for riding rods," and "which
may seem a little strange," to the
reader who knows no better, "one
of his friends had a holly tree grow-
ing in his orchard of that bigness
that, being cut down, he caused it
to, be sawed out in boards, and
made himself a coffin.
In some parts of Yorkshire, curi-
ously enough, to this day it is be-
lieved that if more ivy than holly is
used in the Christmas decorations
the wife will "wear the breeches"
for the ensuing year. An old farmer
was once seen pulling down the ivy
with which the kitchen was deco-
rated "I'll ha' noan o' this." he
whispered to his squire. In York-
shire, too, they have the beautiful
superstition that Christmas is the
one fast of the year in which the
fairies may rejoice; they may hear
the holy name without having to
flee and hide, and they have been
heard to join in the carols. Once
a little elf child we are told, was for-
gotten by some mischance, and was
heard weeping and wailing up and
down the street though none saw
him till Whitsuntide. Speaking of
this to an old woman in Devon-
shire, she assured us that the fairies
had left the child "of purpose." If
any one had had wit to sprinkle
(christen) him, he never would have
gone back to his people, but would
become a Christian child.
The holly used for decorations,
both in church and house, should
be taken down on Candelmas eve,
or misfortune will come on parish
or people. In taking down holly
in some parts of England it is
thought unlucky to prick the finger
if blood comes, but if a leaf stick to
dress or coat it is a good omen.
A branch of holly picked on
Christmas eve was as efficacious as
the rowan, or mountain ash, in pro-
tecting from witches and warlocks
or evil spells. A twig, brought from
church, might be kept, like the
Eastern palm, for the same pur-
pose.
Your cattle, too, will thrive, and
your sheep and goats bring forth
twins if you fasten up a bit of holly
in the stall or manger or fold, that
God's creatures m;v rejoice with
man on the annivt.oiry of his
birth.-Monthly Packet.


THE WATCHWORD OF WOMEN.
Modesty is a woman's watchword.
Wlatcver threatens her delicate sense
"r. modesty. frightens her. For this
",;s-lml many a woman permits diseas-
es of the delicate womanly organs to
I,'come aggravated because she can
not bring herselt to submit to the or-
deail of unpleasant questioning, of-
fensive examinations, and obnoxious
lonal treatments, which some physi-
cians find necessary. Doubtless thous-
ands of the women who have taken
advantage of Dr. Pierce's offer of free
consultation by letter, have been led
to do so by the escape thus offered
from a treatment repugnant to modes-
ty. Any sick woman may write to Dr.
Pierce., Buffalo. N. Y..ln perfect con-
fidence: all letters being treated as
strictly private and sacredly confiden-
tial. ant all answers being sent in
plain envelopes with no advertising or
other printing upon them. Dr.
Pierce's Favorite Perscriptlon has
been long hailed as "a God-send to


women." It makes weak women
strong and sick women well. "Favor-
ite Prescription" contains no alcohol,
neither opium, cocaine or other nar-
cotic.


E _"~~~I WIER AL [U "E .5K
3s~ o~g~siyrn. Tumnd


THE SLAYTON

INSULATING CURE
FOR
NEURALGIA,
RHEUMATISM,
SLEEPLESSNESS
and LOST VITALITY.
To all who know the misery and the hope-
lessness of days and nights tortured with
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sleeplessness and
the lassitude of Lost Vitality, we make a
plain proposition, which we believe is filled
with hope for sufferers:
First, a Word as to Our Methods:
DR. BROWN SEQUARD, of Paris, dis-
covered that these ailments arose from too
great a flow of electricity from the body,
and proved that if this waste could be stop-
ped the vital forces would be so invigorated
as to readily overcome the disease. Experi-
ments on this line led to the discovery of
the SLAYTON ELECTRIC-SWIT' CAS-
TER nd thb S LAYTON INSLLATIIN
INSOLES, which when used as directed, in-
sulate the patient completely, thus preventing
any flow of personal electricity to the earth
and the consequent weakening of the natur-
al forces. The curative results are wonder-
ful.
It is impossible to fully explain how so
simple a remedy can forever baniah snalch s-
ribhe ills but the indisputable fact remains that
the use of the SLAYTON ELECTRIC
SWITCH-CASTERS and the SLAYTON IN-
SULATING INSOLES is every day coni-
pletely curing cases of Rheumatism, Neural-
gia, Sleeplessness and Lost Vitality, which
had previouy1n s9med4 hvpelsoa. Read the
following testimonials and judge for your-
selves if it is not worth your while to at
least make a FREE TEST of this wonderful
treatment:
"I WOULD NOT SELL FOR ALL THi:
MONEY IN OLD KgNTUCKY."
I would not sell the SLAYTON ELEC-
TRIC-CASTERS for all the money in Old
Kentucky, if I could not buy another set.
Very truly yours.
W, E. Btaeh.
Newcastle, Kentucky.

"IMPART VIGOR AND STRENGTH TO
ENTIRE BODY."
Some time ago I wrote ou for one pair of
SLAYTON'S INSULATING INSOLES,
and same reached me promptly.
It gives me pleasure to state to you that af-
ter using these Insoles for several weeks past,
I find thm to be of inestimable value to one's
generall health.
One can walk around miles without feeling
fatigued ano worn out, and it certainly is a
fact that these Insoles impart vigor and
strength to the entire body.
I take pleasure in recommending your In-
soles to the inhabitants of our country.
Yours very iruly
Louis Berger.
New York.
"I SHALL USE THEM AS LONG AS I
LIV.
At the end of three months' use of the
SI.AYTON ELECTRIC-SWITCH CAS-
TERS under my bed, and the SLAYTON IN-
SULATING INSOLES in my shoes, I feel
so much benefited and so comfortable that I
want you and every one else to know it. The
rheumatism has all gone from my arm and
shoulder, and my. sciatica has nearly left me.
I can now alk without feeling the severe pam
which I felt when I began using the Casters
and Insoles. I sleep well and rest easy, and
arise in the morning with a pleasant sensa-
tion throughout my body.
I am doing at least one-fourth more wcrk
than I have been able to do during the pas*
two years. The SLAYTON ELECTRIC-
S\VITCHI CASTERS and INSULATING
INSOLES are entitled to the credit for all
this, and money would not buy them if I
could get no more. I shall use them as long
as I live. I am sixty-eight years old, and
shall never forget to recommend your treat-
ment. It has done more for me than you
claimed for it.


Normal. Illinois.


Yours sincerely,
S. Baystoo.


FREE TRIAL
We wil gladly send anyone a full set ,ai
the SLAYTON ELECTRIC SWITCH-CAR-
TERS and the SLAYTON INSULATION
INSOLES on receipt of z5 cents to cover
postage and packing, i7c. for Casters, 8c. for
Insoles. Try them for two weeks, according
to directions. If they do not help you send
them back by mail and no charges will be
made. If they do help you. send us $3.o in
full payment of the Casters and $2oo for the
insoles. State whether Casters are required
for brass. iron, or wooden bedstead and size
and number of shoe Insoles are to fit.
The Slayte Electric C ter C.,
ome HM St., Tecaws ft, fab.


S1 THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. 13

FLORIDIANA. ;the land in the rear of the Hotel Pun- less glow in great importance in t!h Judge, but Judge Raney was not hun-
Sta Gorda should be planted in pine- iear fuiturp. Lakeland Sun gry. and declined, while those who
W. E. Cates, of Lafayette county, apples as an object lesson. He is sat- .. I'. izelle's turpentine still at had pieces kept them generally, and
made this year ten bales of cotton. isfied that over $5,000 can be made (' han. ud do out was no great amount of eating
which he sold at 12 and 15 cents pI 'yearly on the acre of land. While ex- llait. hurne ad a considerable of indulged in. notwithstanding the dis-
which he sold at 12 and 15 cents pe ythe spirits on hand and a considerable
pound. He gathered four good, heavy mining the pineries around Punta quantity of rosin were destroyed. Mr. lial of the case.
bales fron ten acres, natural land. Gorda he stated that he had never Mizelle had sold his turpentine busi- will not hunt where the whites come
Mrs. Dr. Frederick is probably the seen any better. ness there to Messrs. Ogilvie, and the they are moving still further south
only lady in Ocala who has the proud Tallahassee is going to have a new latter loses the still and fix- towards Chokoloskee. Reserving large
distinction of not having used a pound paper, says W. H. Lawrence, and tures. while 1Mr. Mlizelle's loss consists bI bodies of land for the Indians by the
of bought starch since her residence that means of course it is true. The of the naval stores alone. He was State and National Governments will
here, having made her own from cas- tirst issue of this paper, the Florida ,.losiiin out his stock of the present not benefit the Indians in the least
sava grown in her yard. Republican, wil come out dated at season. It is not known how the fire unless the white hunters are prohibit-
The fishermen of Bayan are having Tallahassee, the first week in Janu- state. ed from running over the territory.--
great luck catching ducks in their ary. For the present it is printed at
pompano nets. About one hundred DeLand, but editor Lawrence says he l baker was tried in the Tapa po- tMyers re
were taken by one net in one night re- will soon put it in an office and do all lie court for exposing unwholesome
f~owd for sallh. The evidence hardly
cently. his own work. He has been issuing The evi e
The Planters' Manufacturing Con- the paper for about two years from sustaitiln the charge, and he was re- TO CUBE A OOID IN ONE DAY,
pany of Sanford, will construct a first- Carrabelle. having the printing done leased. lie immediately disappeared 'rake Laxative Bromo Quinine Tab-
class machine shop in connection with st I eLand.-Tallahasseean. down the stairs, and soon returned lets. All druggists refund the money
their already extensive plant The A. Barber, a former resident wit an arful of bread and cakes, f t falls to cure. W. Grove's sgn-
their already extensive plant. Thj Mr. A. \V. Barber, a former resident h ~ichl e distributed in the court ture on every box, 25c. 1.
electric lighting plant is now being in- of Orlando, who new holds an import-stuted n te ourt ture on every box,
stalled. ant position in the surveying depart-
The big fishing schooner James Pot- mient of the general l ttfficet in
ter came into the river last night with Washington. spent C(hristmas with his

ida Fish Co. The Pompano brought for the purpose of inspecting recent O CEA N IE MI
in ,WM)Q assorted fish yesterday, and government 'surveys in different parts SAVAN NAH LIN E."
these, with the fish on hand, enabled of the state. He will inspect work onAVA LI
the company to make a good shipment. Sanibel Island, at Miami, Green Cove
-Tampa Times. I Springs and near Lake City. The P AT
Herman Winters, proprietor of the duties entrusted to himi will keep him
Savannah brewery, will start a large occupied for several months.
brr-very in Jacksonville with a capaci- A drowning accident occurred at
ty of 25,000 barrels per day, to be PI'olano the past week by which
ready for business April 1, 1900. A William Waldron, aged thirty-five, lost
fine quality of artesian well water is his life. A party of several men were
one of the biggest inducements, out in small boats, and in some way Fast Freight and Luxurious passenger Routa from
William Dudy, a German, at Cut- two of the boats were capsized and
ler, shot himself recently, killing him- tie of the en plunged into the water. FLORIDA TO NEW YORK
self instantly. He had been out dur- All got ashore safely with the excelp-
ing the morning with a young maln tiol of Walron. The body was not re- BOSTON & THE EAST
named Rieber, and was taking a cup ,o\ ered until the day following. VWal-
of coffee in his tent with his visitor. dro leaves a wife and two children,
while e examining a small revolver be-i aiso a mother and sister who live at Snort Rail Rid3 to Savannah.
longing to Mr. Bieber, the weapon wa- West Pa.li Beach. St R i ov nn h
accidently discharged with fatal el At the turpentine capm near Thence via Ship Sailing from Savannah, Four Ships
feet. ;Gainiesboro. in the western part of the each week to New York, and Two to Boston.
W. Charley Moore, of Ocala, who county, two negroes named IThomas
had the iou to lose his house a Bow n got into an alterd hma All ticket agents and hotels are supplied with monthly sailing schedules.
by fire one day last week, was over- iday morning about 11 o'clock. Write for general information. saill ng schedules, stateroom reservations,
bwriiulSy morning about 11 o'clock.
taken with another loss. Learning I'hoas started to run wen Bowma r l on
that his family was houseless, he left tlrew an axe at mim. striking him on E. II. lHinton, Traffic Manager. Walter Hawkins, Gen'l Agt.
one of the Dunellon mines, in which the side of the thigh and severing an Savannah. Ga. 22 W. Bay St., Jacksonville. Fla.
he was foreman, and took a hack for artery. A doctor was called and en-
the depot. Ahen he went to buy a detored to stop the bleeding but was
ticket he found that his cash, $31,nd le. and in a short tine the man
his check for a month's wages were did. Sheriff Anderson was not noti F lorid a n a t C o ast R v .


gone, and a search did not bring them
to light.
The Tampa Light Infantry is now a
part of the state militia. The arrarug"-
ments have all been completed to be
accepted on the part of the state, and
a meeting of the company held. The
gentlemen who compose the company
took the oath, and became members
in due form.
Tuesday morning about eight o'clock
a real live fox was seen on the streets
A crowd was quickly assembled and a
lively chase ensued. After taking a
turn around the town. he changed his
course, and made for the Jarvis housc.
He was finally killed there by the
marshal.-Tituaville Star.
Steve Stanley's life is saved. The
trial ended in Tampa Friday after-
noon and the verdict was manslaught-
er. This is for the killing of Jesse
Lower, white, at Port Tampa three
years ago. There are yet two murder
cases to be tried by this term of court,
one being Joe Licata, the Italian,
charged with the murder of Ezekiel
Studstill, and A. W. Wideman, color-
ed, charged with killing another color-
ed man.
W. H. Stephens, general agricultural


tied until late that evening. He wired
his deputy in that part of the county
to look after the case, and went up
early the next morning himself. Bow-
man left at once and has not been cap-
tured yet.-Orlando entiriel-Reporter.
The building owned and operated by
the Hill Printing Company, publishers
of the Eustis Lake Region, was entire-
ly destroyed by fire Saturday. also a
two-story frame dwelling adjoining.
Although a strong wind was blowing
from the north, by heroic work all the
buildings on the south side of the
street was saved. The Hill Print-
ing Company had a fine set of
presses, and was one of the
best equipped offices in the state. It
was worth probably $10,000. The in-
surance is small. A defective flue was
supposed to have caused the fire.-
Eustis correspondent T. U. & C.
A new industry has been estab-
lished at Davenport, in' the eastern
part of this county, by the Seminole
Palm Company, who make a specialty
of manufacturing decorations for
buildings. etc.. out of palms. ever-
greens. etc. They ship these decora-
tions to the northern and western
cities. It is practically a new ven-


agent of the Plant System, says that ture in South Florida, but will dotbt-


TIME TABLE NO. 31, IN EFFECT SEPT. 10. 180.

SOUTH BOUND (Bead Down). NORTH BOUND (Bed Up).
oo g No 78 No A
Eg.o n1O NSoTATIONS. D Di

-p 90atLeLve........................ JackwviUe ....................... Arive 7 i plu 1
ip 180 s rrive ...................t. tAuustne ....................Leave 6 ;r 9 ,*
108 La ....................... t.A e ....................... Arrive 61p
11 1 ............................... ... Amg stins ................... reve !Bp SOds
iTip W Arrv.............. ....... P. .............. .... Leave 4.ip 820s
T fp iriS Leave................. .. Palatka ....... ......... Arrive aUp 1",.
...... Arrive ... ...... ... ....... san Mateo .......... ..... Leave .... 1a1
O Leave ..... .................. San Mateo ............ ......Arrive 7 i .....
S11p LeIave................... Emt Palatka .............. ......Leave ap V
p ... .......... uOr sd .......................... 4p 7 1:i
S8p ........................ D yton .......................... 8 8p 7a .
I lop 18p "...... .. oirn ....... ................. ...... . 2. p .6.a
S p P ............... ....... O .. .................. 222p mEty n
1 ...84 Op ........ .. l. l ....................... 1 D4p .a
p...... 4 ........................... i ........................... ....
... lp .......................... Bcei an ................ ........ .. 1 ap ....
...... .......................... SE st.in e .......................... 1 W8p ...
S.... p .. .. ..c.... .... ... ockledge ......................... 1 .....
S .... ....................... n .......................... 100 ...
S1p ......................... Melbourne ........................ 1224p.
7p .......................... land.................... 1 ...
6p ".......................t. Luid ........................ 10 ....
P .................... Fort Piers........................ 10 ......
4S . .................... . ed i.m ... ........ ............... ..
l O6Op .......................... .. ... J ... ................. 0
2 8lp .................t t...... etrayp .......................... .9 5Oa i0
S 87p .................... Fort LS uden d ....................... .s. Daily
a ly p ....... ............ LemonJupiter ....................... 1" 9 7~



BETWEEN NEW SMYRNA AND ORAN.i! CITY JUNCTION.
_olNo. 1 STATIONS. i~o. _o--1
Sl.p : .................West Palm Beach..................... 8""1i





S .......................... ........................ ...... Boynton.......... .........
i lp .........Delray ........................ as, 10 l4
IO&8 ..............".oe It Lauderdale .... ............" 7I W 7"
id. IQ UIp 11 ........Lemon City........... ........... 524s i5 on
10 80Arrive .....................LMiami ........... ........... IS2ra GOp
BETWEEN NEW OMYRNA AND ORAt.E cUITYl JUNCTION.
No. II STATIONS. IN.No.4
ci............New my ...................Ar 24
Sl 1 if ..................... ........L1P
11 45slll~Ar .......... .....range City Junction ............ IIi&


.a trains between New Smyrna and Orange City functionn Daily except Suaday.









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


WITH THE JOKER.

SHATTERED.
Bertha-Mamma, you have shatter-
ed the fond hopes that had warmed
my breast.
Mamma-What in the world are you
talking about, child?
Bertha-You insisted that I should
ask Mr. Sweetser what his Intentions
are, and he said that he called in or'-
der to see if I could get you to sub-
scribe to a new work he is canvassing
S for. And I thought he wanted to mar-
ry me! Why could I have not been al-
lowed to enjoy the fond illusion for
a little while longer?-Boston Tran-
script.

FORTUNE IN FACE.
"My face is my fortune!" cried the
young girl exultingly.
Time laughed behind his beard.
"I'll make her look like thirty
cents!" he muttered to himself.
Considering results, one would im-
agine Time was chiefly busy ruining
complexions.-Detroit Journal.

IT DIDN'T FILL THE BILL.
"Here Is a poem on 'Our Daily
Bread.'"
"Can't use it. What we want on our
daily bread is butter."-Atlanta Con-
stitution.

AS A DOORNAIL.
Sunday School Teacher-In what
condition was the patriarch Job at the
end of his life
The Quiet Boy-Dead, sir!-Ally
Sloper.

REAL GREATNESS.
An exchange gives the story of a
pompous member of parliament who*
attended an agricultural show in Dub-
lin. He arrived late and found him-
self in the outskirts of a huge crowd.
Being anxious to obtain a good view
for himself and lady friend who ac-
companied him, and presuming that
he was well known to the spectators,
he tapped a burly coal porter on the
shoulder and peremptorily demanded,
"Make way there."
"Garn, who are you pushing was
the unexpected response.
"Do you know who I am sir?" crier'
the indignant M. P. "I am a repro-
sentative of the people."
"Yah," growled the porter, as he
stood unmoved, "but we're the bloom-
in' people themselves."

HIS REPERTORY.
"What have you been playing during
your present tour?"
"We played 'Hamlet' and 'King
Lear' on the stage," answered Mr
Stormington Barnes.
"Were there no comedies in your
repertory?"
"One only. When he came to count
up the box office receipts, it was us-
nally 'Much Ado About Nothing.' "-
Washington Star.

WORSE OFF THAN HE THOUGHT
8hadbolt-Well, I'm $50 worse off
than I was yesterday morning.
Dingus-How that?
Shadbolt-I was held up by footpads
on my way home last night and rob-
bed.
Dingus-I'm sorry for you. old men
But thpy didn't get the $5 I borrowed
of you before you started home, any-
how.
Shadbolt-That's so. I forgot that.
Pm u 55,worse off than I was yesterday
morning.-Unic-ago 'I2TDune. It


MISFORTUNE OF A POET.
"James has been quite unfortunate C lit S y
of late," said the poet's wife gloomily.
"Had another poem declined?" i .-rtnuound-nead Down. i IIA.Ua x.i.- i suutnOuunu-i-.a. ~p.
"No, worse than that. You know, i.u i i i'ib I I I i n Effect Decemocr 10, 1 y j__ a i l a
lie has a habit of looking at the ceil- .......... i .4aTi...... I,.upiLv ...... ort .. ,a ... .Ar ......aiU. tY.upi ..ai.....
S..... ..... .. ..... .... . .. ... 1 .. .1 li. e .... .. Arl .. .......... ..... ...........
ing for inspiration, and last night, just ............ ..... .. ..pv .....Tam .. ...... r .......i a.a*p, C.-u ...-Ta ......
.....-I...... i.*. *pi......l.tU v .... Klaam ict .. ....Ari...... [ ,a t uJ v-u t.ii......
as the inspiration came, a yard of ...... ...... i. ......l l.,spLV ........ra ...rr ...Ar ...... c ai t i ......
.... ,i ...... JAuviLv ..... .. uraaoo .... .... Al...... !Uciaiu 5- u.( -..a..
plastering fell square on his head, ...... pi....p ...i...i.v .a .. ..--n vir .l .. ......Ar....... x,,w- ..vi -.I-i ......
n... Iq..... .... I L .... ...uaiLv .... .... 3an ra ..... ... ...Ar.. .... c e.et .'.p, t... ....
knocking all the inspiration out of it" ......i.. ... ...... ...... .Ar .. ..... L n .... .... vi ...... ......I ......i...
...... ...a...I ............ .. iL ..... . D eL nd ..... .A r..... ... ..... ......
-Atlanta Constitution. I .i......i ).P ......i) .1L.aLv .. ..... tra.aLa .... ....Ar.......a.u ..u 1via.i u.up

..... ....i .... ).wal...... Lv ... St. Ptter..jur ..... ........ .j..U ..... ...i. ...
FOUND AT LAST. .... .......... .. ..j ......V ......e.e r .........Ar........ i .. ...................
Proprietor-I'm looking for a man 1 .............. .....I ...... I... -v .... Lerl .... .... ...... o ...............
can t .... ...... .p....... ,Ar .... .. CGaine .... ........ J ..... . ........u i J.
....can trust. .. ...... L.Up ...... Ar .... .. ainem viive .... .. Lr ...... i -.w y...... ...... i .
Applicant- W e'll get along teu. For x.,, ...... .. ,.. ...... -v ... .. tiain a .... .. r...A .. ..... . u.-p
ten years I've done nothing but look ..... .....I b. up, ....... Ar .. JAL ,.b-N i.L-L L-1 ....... j. ua ....... ......I v-
for a man that would trust me --l)e- Local ia So Ry. ia A C L. la A C LL.ViaSo y.I Local
troit Free Press. ia o I L..
,.l T.vv..a, ,..topib.Uua| 7.4op: b.UJa L. JVILL.LE. A|ll.ou| .3ual 9.ai i.tuplU.pl.u.z4p
FOOLING THE YOUNGSTER. i.ivai .Oal J.zpl .i;.Wta- .4p ,.u.. V h- cr%..... IijL .WIl* o.* .*- Oa O.uI o.Ai 0 Up
Mrs. Grimes-How In the world do *** .......lv- :,.I.UA.. .avaa 11 ..L ., z.:Jai ua, pl.....
rimes- in e o ........ ..... .. .... I ... ,... Cisa ,tln. ..L, -..lai la .i......... ...... ...i ......
you get rid of all your stale bread? 1 ...... ......o, ap o.aI .I slup.iP ni.. ichimu. ..Li i.opi ..uoiZ.Ull.up.o I ............
... .. .. ...... upl ...... .... IA.. Coiumoa ..L, ...... ...... .uai .-u- .... I.......
have to throw lots of mine away. ..... ... .. .ia b.-pl ...... ...... 1A.. Li aui. ..Li ................ I.rup, a.laI ......
Mrs. Smarte-There is no need for .............: I ..l, l; l.oi ... A.. s;Lyncuo a :g- ... ..t-a...... J..
SI 5..... .. AlJi i..iaa1. a Ii ..OaalA.. u\ aS, g Ii. -I.. p: i J..Ipj -.,Aij.., 4., ......I......
you to do that. W hy not do as I do? ...... ...l.... i u .i i.*., o.iua4.. bLatim r ..L| i.Lpi Z.L al to.4, a...pi............
....... .. .. .>o.lU.oa 3.Ua[.aU..oa|A.. .PhiPiLa -.r a .i-c..,ld.U oha j. |i o.u.pI......i......
I just hide it away from the children. ........... a o..al i4AUpi bo.sa.i .u piA.. %ew iork .LI Vu.Aui b.oplA.uva, s-i.,i ...... ......
Mr,. Grimes-Hide it away from the ............ "-up'U.u, .u~PI ..A .Uy.. .ion SL.. :.L..Ap, l.I F i -.uval......(.,
ia II | | x. Sun. s I "i
children? What then? ... ia So Ry. Via L&N.I uthr tr.ans \ia L&\. Via So Ky. A.U(
Mrs. Smarte-Then the children find i I aily I lI ---
I 23 I 21 11 1 l I &> r1
it and eat up every morsel of it.-Bos- ,,., .a ..opi 5.iiai-l 'i.Ai .Ua L.. J'v LLE ..A, i.ou.Iv.ipy e.ovuaju.i)ui v. .I.ua
ton Transcript. ..p: p.._, J.-p .Ia,lu.iupllU.uiaiL.. .W'cr,,. ...Ai -. .wat o-.vI b *a J.~sp ..4..ai a M
.n T ans rp .1.... I ..... ..o .l .....Ia, ...... ..... ... .Jeaup... ..LI ...... ...... I a..i Ua, I.- P .......... .....
....... ..... a.o l.ipl ..... -...... IA .- a ac ... .. L ...... .. .. .f aU ....p l .l ............
CLEV Ri CHARLIE. ........... .vai o ...... ..... A.. .A n. . . .... ..u......i u. ... .........
..... r ..- .. i -4iaj .^Opi............ iA ... ._ U no ..... .1 ...... I ...... u u' P ai...... ......
Some one took Charlie up anid rsked -........ ..... ; ..p.. ad. a. ...l J..ia.al o. i. ..I.... ....i....... o.ioa
him if he was papa's boy. lie an- ,.:U--....... .. .... .... i.oai i.oUpA.. llho i,, e. ..EL L .a ..up............. ...... a.u
J.."i ..... ..... .. .....[ .liai Y.* *plIL.. .Ju i' g '1 .... i ..pj ..a ..... ...... ...1...I I .Ip
swered, "Yes." ......... ...l- U0aiu.Up,L.oda.ial- A... Bir',.ail.. ..L- 4.W0 i, a.iza, i.4p, o.U l ...... ......
s r.e........ u.,sol. o.vai o.ijpi u..uaA.. sasn...... L..L J.iudl Z.L .aI Y.li a.L pl......i......
"Are you mama's boy too".' ........ ....... i ..a .p,.. e .......p, s sem e . y ..op. ..i .(y ....... ......
"Yes." replied Charlie. .....,..... .o.. pl ..A S. ........i....". ..up, i.tsal .. ;at, 1.uupA.. Linc il..n. .."L .it i aS..p a."oa, .' P ........
"Well, how can you be papa's boy '.ou. .......i i.tal O.Wupl i.ZUai ia.lopA. St. L.,um. ..La b.oui b.- al 9.Up, b.sal ......I b. p
,t .- p....... i.ilK* b..-/ t 4 6 t. .. p,A\.. Ln.c.U .L, i..sio i.5Jpi &.tVyi i'.ioa...... A.A.a
and mama's boy at the same time?'? .p....... ..m ual -.tal a-opl a.po0aA.. -. L. ...., ..o.v (v.o.p, e.Iy '. P ...... I .au
"Oh." replied Charlie quite ;ndifer ..... i . ...."...... ..i... ...... A.. oiu. .a ..L i...... ..... ..............i 1. a ......
.. .-i .AV .......... ..... .. .... .A .. A ene,,,e -.JL- ...... ...... ...... ...... o.u .. ....
ently, "can't a wagon have two .... ..... ..... .... ......A.. A Knoxu,.e ...Li...... ...... ...... ......i a. al .....
horses?" ..... I...... ...... .. A.. .A nc n i._.L .................. ....i i bi.- pi ......
.. .... ...... g.i tr,. ..A I b.luaa b..uP)......i .................
-- .... ...... ..... ...... op A .. u .... .....,l, ua.ld: .op ....... .......l ...... ......
SYM PATHY. ..... ... ....i...,...... i ....p ,.JsAA... _.. u.an .L, .-p .a ............. ...... ......
Pb the reader has heard van" d;o (via A. C. L. and P'enylvania R. k).-. ,EsV *' iRK, FLUKIDA A.tL
I'robably the reader has heard voice. ,31 i.v.iA L. l'lariE-Larry Vetibuee .,.ac.., oetvwen .lac .nnvi,.e and ia.iiung-
which the following will recall t(, -" and l'u,'man h.etper* between rt lamp.,, acksunvui.e and .ew li-ra.
Sanua ou (%va o. Ixy. and i cannavania K. i\. carry 'VeC,itue t.adcite between Jack-
mind: u\ni.le and \ ahmington, Puunnian _eeptrs be.\tn Milami, JacKsonviie and Iew 1rrk;
S.. m t \Iiun1an b.etpcr. oetwetn JacK.anrliie and Lincinnatl via Asnevlne and Kn.lvil.e.
"I know Mr. Pidgerly is a gootl ana 2, carry Puun.man bcpr.rs uoeeen a jc.anvu.e and ivew iurk via A. L. L. and
man," said one of the members ot e"ns.-1\aia y.. K., between at. i eceriourg, J.,auni&e ana St. Luus via l xuntg.mcry
..Id L. & :. R R., and oetween Jacusunvi.le and St. Lou.s via luntg.mtry ana -A. A
family after the caller had gone, "bil -. R.
i. m e mer ted hea he t*l .o. and 34 via So. Ry. and Pennsylvania R.R.) carry Vestibule Coaches between Jack-
it makes me-so tired to hear him talk.' ,nvi. ano \Vasnington, I'ui.man it-epers te..it.n I..rt lamra, JacaIanvi.e and Pew
"I know why it is," said another .,rk, and Dining Lar between Savannah ana Lhanoute.
;n anu !I carry ru.iman .ceper. uetweea.il rt iampa, Jacksonvile and Lousville, and
Imeml'er of the family. "You feel ilk. c..n11 day coaches between JacKaunvile and t-icinnati via MionLtgumery anr L. a& .
X.
clearing your throat all the time t( 14 and 13-CINCINNATI AND FLORID LIMITED-Solid vestibule trains, with
help him out." un.min S.eeptrs, between Jacksonvilie and L.,ciiluati via Jeup, So. iy. and U. & C.
.ut.e: also 'udlman S.eeptrs netveen Jacksonviele and Kansas City via Jcsup, Atlanta, BSr-
m--ngham, Mlemphis and K. C. 1. S. & iA. Ky., and Oetleen Jacksonvtie and St. Louis
.a je uup, So. Ky., Q. & C., Louisville and L. E. & St. L. Ry.
CHOICE OF EVILS. ,t ani la--bSULIUD ESil1ULE I\_Al.S ttt.eten Ja.,sonvile and Cincinnati, with
"Mrs. Smith, you don't seem tc 'unman Sleepers between court lanipa, JacKsonvu.e and Cincinnati So. hy. and i. & C.
-62 I I is | 3 | 31 I3 36 |1 l
mind your two boys quarreling." _Daily Str. IDaiiy Via Gulf CIa.t Line I IDanyl any
"No, when they are quarreling, I ............i 4.20ai...... ...... ILv .. Pt. Tampa via Ky.. ..Ar,...... 110.Upi0.30pl..............
S...... I ......I 0al....... ....... Lv ....... lam a ........ ..r ... ... .op| .oop ...... ......
knew they are too busy to hatch up ...... ............. ...... 3.3p,Lv ..... Punta ,rda .. Ar......112.ai2.0a ...... ......
-mischief.-Chigago Record. .... 6.45a ...... 1 .ljpl|Ar .......Lake.ana ...Lv...L.....I 1.1O0pl 9 .....pl......
"*.' p ......I......I 7.0a ......ILv Pt Tamp via Str... Arl ...... ........... 900 ......
,op ......I 5.Ua 8.00a ......Lv ... St. Petersburg .. ...Ar ...... 1 i0.i0p10. p b..ua .....
FREE! FREE! FREE! -7.p, ....... aaa.al .........Lv ......Belleair .....A...l.... -9.35p 9.3p 7.20a......
8.lOpi...... 6.32a....... .... Ar .... Tarp n .pr.ngs .... Lv|...... abtipl &a6p 6.2a ......
A Life Size Portrait, Crayon. Pastel 1a......I ....Lv ....... Lees.,urg ...... .. Ar...... 4.5jpl ...... .....
Sr l......... 12.15p ...... ... ...c.. .....Oca ...... ..Ar...... 3.1p 6.5p ............
or W after Color, free. ... .. .... 2.pi ........ ... .. ILv ...... Gaine vilie .... ..Lv....... 1.p .... ....
In order to introduce our excellent ...... 5.2p... ...... Lv ....... Live ak ...... Ar..... ...... 2.p .........
.. .. .... p. ..... .... ..Jasa er ....... .. Ar ............12.2p ... ......
work we will make to any sending u. .. ....... .pi...... .. ..... ..Way ross ... L ............. ......
a photo a Life Size Portrait Crayou. PLANT STEAMSHIP LINE-S'IEA.SlH.1PS t LI, ETTE AND MASCOTTE.
Pastel or Watr Colr Porrit Fre 'at.. \\ed. and Mon........12.30plLv .... Havana ...... Ar 6.00a......\ed. Sat. and Mon.
Pastel or ater Color Portrait Fre 'at., \\ed. and Men........ ji.0UpAr .... Key West .... Lv 9.p.......Tues., Fri. and Sun.
of Charge. Exact likeness and h;ghl% Sat., Wed. and Mon........ 9.OpjLv .... Key \\et .....Ar 3.0up......Tues., Fri. and Sun.
ar c f h guarantee. ed y Sun., Thur. and Tues...... 2.O0plAr .... Port Tampa .. Lvl11.00p......Mon. Thurs. and Sat.
artistic finish guaranteed. Send yu. Further information, reservations, tickets, etc., may be obtained of agents, or
photo at once to H. C. McFadden, Div. Pass. Agent, W. V. LIFSEY, Div. Pass. Agent,
138 X\. Bay Street. Jacksonville. Fla. Tampa. Fla.
C. L. Marechal Art Co., R. G. IRWIN, M. F. PLANT, B. DUNHAM, B. W. WRENN,
34R Elm St.. Dal!a% Texas. President. Vice-President General Supt. Pass. Traf. Mgr.

HOME STUDY.
Prof. Draughon has prepared books
on bookkeeping, penmanship, and I |j
shorthland, especially suited for homn.e B
study. Hundreds of persons holding hl"eo
zood positions owe their success to his Nowist.
books. Vortnnew 0atuloatsn e w Df e..
If you desire to take the "Fomoe l nthe- an asmal ds
-tudy Course," write for price-list of -the Pretcal eeds for Mtif&I that only eatt hamr as muah
the "Home Study Course." If you de- T trse true to nam ne f oa
-ire to attend either college, write for sed d Sotdar Va. drar Ferry's-take no othm.r
aet ean cd novltle, full
i"ustrated catalogue. Adress J. F. ib theneweat-W
alogue. Send f,,r tt. 6JL PnaaV & 086
Draughon. President, at either place, J1.J.I. 11S r it.y SerilO. Xta
and mention this paper wheu writing. mrXme- B
Bee ad. elsewhere.


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14









THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST.


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The Belgian Hare. them nothing except well-cured hay. O
The breeding of Belgian hares in bran anid oats until after they are 4 *
Southern California, has passed the i months old. The older hares may be i g 1 8
"fad stages," and is now an industry fed fresh-cut alfalfa: that which is in8
that is assuming great proportions, bloom when cut is best. When this or'
and is proving remarkably profitable lany other vegetable has attained sutti-
to those engaged in It. cient age to possess some sugar and
The Los Angeles Times of a late \vegetable fat. hare, will do well upon l o b in a
date devotes considerable space to it fed greeni: but half-matured gre.'ci
the hare and to the hare industry in tuff. fed green. specially whet wNvot.
California, and from this paper we is likely to cause bloat and death inu :
manke the following extracts: halre. the same as in cattle or sheep
The thoroughbred Belgian hare All green stuff should e fed at i We wish to obtain 10.000 new subscribers to THE
grows to the weight of from eight to day. after it has been wilted by tlhe
twelve pounds. It Is not of a solid sun. No wet vegetables or green stuff FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST during the year 1899.
color, and is therefore difficult to de- of any kinl should ever be fed hares.
scribe in this respect The foundation Iwhether old or young. It will surely: will pay you to help us. Readiour
of the color is a reddish tan, or "Ru- cause colic and sickness. and nlu
fus red," which shows clearest on the cause death. Even the cured alfalifa
shoulders and top of neck. This takes leaves. if fed in too large quantities at *
a darker hue over the sides and :a tinw. are likely to make trouble. Thei r t m b ati n O
haunches. Each hair, on portions of hares eat too nuclll of such palatable reat C om binan
tie animal, is tipped with black, food. and then drink too mlluch. This
called ticking. This gives a mottled overloading of thltir stomachs often +++ 1 Abrahanstia's llookkeeping (Cart....... 1.00
or wavy appearance which is highly kills theli. ++ 1 Ropp's commercial Calculator .......... 2
prizedand considered a sign of iputr The possibilities of this industry. ++ 1 year's pail sub.sription to the Youth's
blood. The haunches are of a gray- which by some is regarded as a sense- +++ Advo.-te ..... .. ..... ............. 1.0(0
ish brown ehatle. In the best speci- less fad. may be realized from an in- ++ Together %i; I I year's paid subscription to
.~-Ls this produces a distinct brown. vestigattion of what is done in Bel- +++ the F.ridi Agriculturist.... ........... 2.00
ish cast, and is also well marked with gitllll. the original ho1me of the hare. -*
a heavy ticking. The head is grace- or "Ostend rabbit." as it is called in +.+ Tot;l .................. .. ........4.2
ful and is carried well up. The fore- England. when used for eating pur- +++ Our Is!9 combination price.......... ... 3.00
head is flat and the eyes are prom:- poss. -
nent. They are usually of a dark A correspondent of The Times, wiho ++ A saving to you ......................51.2S
brown color, full of intelligence and was formerly engaged in the industry
animation. The ears should be about 5 in Ielhgiuml. states that at this tile of Our Special Offers
inches long, leaning slightly back- year tells of thousands of these ani- .u p
ward. close together and firmly car- nain- imay he purchased a aa price +4. The \gr:,lnrist 1 'ear and Chart........ 2.1
ried. A drooping ear is an Indication i'nlgilln fioml 40 cents to 30 celts eac( lt The \..;, ,n.rhsi 1 "ear and Calculator.... 1.7:
of weakness or degeneration. An edg- lut Helgiuml vast numbers of the' ++ The .Agricltri-t 1 year and Youth's Advo-
ing of black, called lacing, extends hares run wild. like the Anieria-l +++-4 eate ...... ............. ..... 3.50
over the tips of the ears and well .j:ik-.lahit. Tlhey weigh from six +++ The kgricultiurist 1 year and the whole list. 3.00"
down the edges. The more clearly t, eight I)ont!ids. and can only Ib t hnlit-

this is defined the higher the score by ed during at few months of lthl ir. The Bookkeeping Chart is rh ., ~ i. as advertised elsewhere in bhis
the standard. Tiil ti,- i-l..it i. bred ouly ili tij. joiter .an is .iloitv %orth nior th i:i charge for the whole list. The
As an article of diet the hare has provinces of Antwerp. East Flanders (a;( j.;1io i .: f'1iend whi .here.v- fiund. The Youth's Advocate toge-
advantages as yet slightly understood 1and \West Flanders. All the .-un ). tic witli tie A-rt icltn.ist will furnish fact. fiction and fun for the r hole
in this country. The flavor of tlhe people keep some. Each cuniitry family.
neat is delicious, far finer than that plaie of lanyl ipllortance has its ;ir-
of the best poultry obtainable here. ket day. once a w-eek. where thl. far E. O. PAIN TER & 00 .,
All of the flesh is eatable, so that er takes his products. There buyers!
there is absolutely no waste after the purchase the rabbits, some by ilhun- DELAND, FLA.
animal has been properly dressed. doueis and other by thousands, ac-
From a dietetic point of view, the :-oidling to their lleans. They take
flesh of the hare is invaluable. It tlhelim liome, kill. dress and pack tllin SEEND-US ONE DOLLARk
lacks the heavy, oily substances found in cases of 8o to 100. according t Cr utbih. a. ou.ra.ddiswii. ti.t), .dnhiesendyou.tisONXW
in ducks, chickens and turkeys. The 'i:e'. Tlnol tlhey :llre sold to commllissionl ,.ia. Youcnexarmine it at yournearet freight depot
flesh, therefore, while very nourishing. houses in Ostcnd iand shipped fr from if aou find it eoaS tly presentede, eqal et orerns waI
retii alt $75.00 to *100.00. thegreatest value youever saw and
produces no inflammation, and may be there to 10ondon and sold on the Lon freight zent our peeal d, oers at morelwy, $1.
taken with relish and profit by any don market ais "Ostend rabbitss." slio o ;P. , a: dfreightchargea Less tha
invalid. It has none of the strong. Iro7mi Septemtber until January the $31,75 IS OUR SPECIAL 90 DAYS'PICE e.C
stronl Jan y to d by others. Luch an offe was never iae bereice
gamy flavor found in the wild rabbit. shipments average from 2.500 to 3.i AM HEC UERENlone ofnthen tRA swAND -SWEErTESTl
I, LoU instramen eer alde. Fromn the illustration shown, which
and is therefore acceptable to the (-cases weekly. Then until the end of isenirraed direct from ltoan h,ouyucanformisomeideaof ite
beautiful appearance. Mae Nos' Id auarter aswed
weakest stomach. May. they dec rease- gradually. stop- ik, antique finish, handsomelydecoratedandornamented,
i- S e T,,i latest 1899style. THE ACKE QUEEN iseet6inches high.
The Belgian hare will dress a pound ping altogether in sunimer. The .2 inches long, inches wide andweighs S5pounds. Con-
tains 5 octaves, 11 stops, as follows.: Dlpses, Pril iit
for every month of its age up to 6 or 7 cases average i 250 'it to 0o ipundls of ofn ts, o a, eh eite .'. sn ler, Fmr. bsl-
Couple. Uisisi. FCArtis aC"V Iex i; s 91es Calenr.
months. He Is a good for food from nieat. The skins are sold to large fur- IT eswelt, lerausor.g swell, I tsetrchrslTuced
maer j Pips Quality Beed., 1 se ef f2 Fi .' Sweet .eled1
about the tenth week of his existence. riers. in client. Ilrussels or Itoulers, ee.. il S t ral ciharmirlriiintCiaess*eelds, 1et ol
4 Bl i ellow 8m Lth DiDspason Re 1 Set of 2- Plt ilag
The fifth month is about the profitable andl turned into furs. while laie Ulftsaledsi.rSi elpalBeeds. THEACM. E EEN ae
tion consist of the celeb: redt ieaell e1s1 which are only
age to kill, if Intended for the market. lquantities are also slipped to Nvew ,iedin the highe-t grade istrment; itted wih
He will sell for 20 cents per pound. York. mte .ietc., bllowsofebi te rbber doth,-lge
dressed weight, which is the regular ME QUEES is fur-hed ith beeled
plate French mirror, nckel plated pedal frames,
market price for turkeys. Cultivation of Bananas. Iad every modern improvemeant.e tn iK r f ld-
No domesticated animal can com- It is estimated that the bianna hai: GUARANTEED 25 YEARS. si ee r AtE
pare in the relative value of its pro- forty-four times the nutritive value of ilune awrittenbindin -eur guntee, bythe
terms and conditions oI which If any pert gives out
ducts, as compared with the cost of the potato. and is twenty-five times as weanJepifne o relrge. Tryltonemonth and
food and care, with the hare. A small nutritious as good willte treari. 'Tius satisfied. OS of these orianswil1 beso1d.0itll5.C T.
rabbitry to provide food and pin mon- fact induced the French government OUR RELIABILITY IS ESTABLISHED f you
ey for a family may be established on to send a commission to the Cnited aot dealt with us ask your neighbor about s.wr --
the publisher of this paperor Metropolitan National
the rear of any city lot. From a be- t company inChica o. We btae"saimtl of *er i$0000 occupyentire one of thelareslt h'gd alodE I
ginning of five does and a buck it is tigate thie adaptability of the bannun ha and emlso nearly 2 t000 eopleln ouros.n building sM EIeA ris rt s
med ; also everything in musical instruments at lowest wholesale prices. write for freesoold = IaCian
safe to say that 300 hares can be plant for agricultural operations. BEAR m ROEBUCm &COn. tia.). Fhlton. males* s ua s. OCIOAI O. LL-
raised per year, and the original stock Tle Il anana in its candied form is
still remain, a delicious sweetilment. Many people
Hares like variety, and will eat al- prefer it infinitely to dried figs. are ready for shipment. This Ipr- mirkel. it is not improbable that it
most any kind of grain or green food. It is simply made. The ripe banana <, s. tholuti not elaborate. requiti will soon take the place of the fig for
vegetables and fruit; also. alfalfa or is cut into thin slices and laid in the care and watchfulness, without which dessert purposes.-Fruit Trade Jour-
other kind of hay.They will eat bread tropical sun until it becomes a sweet, thie product may be inferior and u11. nal.
and other supplies from the table, ex- gelatinous mass. The slices are attractive. But if the curing aul
cept meat. Never give the young any packed in boxes, with a dusting of packing are properly done and th Orange sheds may come high, but the
green feed. It is a safe rule to give fine sugar between each layer,. and cured fruit is put on the American. man who can afford theniAwill win.


.J









1
:I




i


- i L 1 _ -_iLuW





THE FLORIDA AGRICULTURIST. *





NED OUT

u ..BUT STILL IN BUSINESS.

S.., The freezes ruined our business and now a fire ruined our stock -,
and warehouses, but we are still "ON DECK" and ready to serve our
customers.

SSimon Pure =Fertil s
ARE
TIFiE TRIED AND CROP TESTED
,, i And never fails to give satisfac tion.
All kinds of Fertilizing Materials kept in stock and sold at close
prices.
Please write us and let your wants be known, and remember that
we got the insurance and now you have the assurance that your order
will be filled, and we are here to stay.
SE. O. PAINTER & CO., JacHi.a Fta.


L- -- W -_-

> ^ Igh-Grade Ferptiiz

..j..,- MUST HAVE .
7U A 1- " :U`.
.'UA LITY! REPUTATION! :.

~iX~S ,-'
-T"THlBA ID"'AT. T" BRANDS---
"" '^^k HAVE THESE. ES E. W-
K.*'y $35100 and $40.00 per ton when you can get a strictly high grade, reliable fertilizer at the following Pftes:
EaUIT AND VINE.................$3o.oo per ton IDEAL FERTILIZER (for all crops).......... 7. ao pe.
ANURE .......... pr ton IDEAL BLOOD. BONE AND POTASH..... $25.-- pnier t
TO MANURE ....... $3o.o per ton SPECIAL MIXTURE No. I................. $25.- p te W
BLE MANURE........... $3.oo per ton CORN FERTILIZER... ................... aoq. f '
"i|i~4r tlaterial at the lowest market prices. Ask for our book "Why we make the IDEAL FERTIL i t S ,
S'WILSON & TOOMER FERTTI ,T7R COMPANY, ;
*. 4 JACKSONVILLE, FLA. ,.
e.f- o' rgud ll.a I.. 7 Moa. u nveland (nqnn Th 1 Tdir s m 1W Wmr. 9441.m iw '.
w. .' ;
\*"-*
* \ - I : .. ..* *; ,;? ^