• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Copyright
 Title Page
 Historical sketch of the Florida...
 Personnel of the Florida national...
 Florida state depositories
 Historical annual National guard...
 History of Camp J. Clifford R....
 One hundred and sixteenth field...
 One hundred and twenty-fourth...
 Two hundred and sixty-fifth coast...






Title: Florida National Guard yearbook, 1939
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047720/00001
 Material Information
Title: Florida National Guard yearbook, 1939
Series Title: Special archives publication
Physical Description: xxviii, 156 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Dept. of Military Affairs
Florida -- National Guard
Publisher: St. Francis Barracks
Place of Publication: St. Augustine Fla
Publication Date: [1991?]
 Subjects
Subject: Militia -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Militia -- Registers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
General Note: Cover title.
General Note: Reprint. Originally published: Jacksonville, Fla. : s.n., 1939.
Funding: The Florida National Guard's Special Archives Publications was digitized, in part by volunteers, in honor of Floridians serving both Floridians in disaster response and recovery here at home and the nation oversees.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00047720
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Florida National Guard
Holding Location: Florida National Guard, St. Augustine Barracks
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the Florida National Guard. Digitized with permission.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001783147
oclc - 23611343
notis - AJK6491

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Title Page
        Title
    Historical sketch of the Florida national guard
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
    Personnel of the Florida national guard
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
    Florida state depositories
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Historical annual National guard of the state of Florida, 1939
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
    History of Camp J. Clifford R. Foster
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
    One hundred and sixteenth field artillery
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
    One hundred and twenty-fourth infantry
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
    Two hundred and sixty-fifth coast artillery
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
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Full Text



Digitized with the permission of the
FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AFFAIRS

FLORIDA NATIONAL GUARD





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Items collected here were originally published by the
Florida National Guard, many as part of its SPECIAL
ARCHIVES PUBLICATION series. Contact the Florida
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content originating with the Guard.



DIGITIZATION

Titles from the SPECIAL ARCHIVES PUBLICATION series
were digitized by the University of Florida in
recognition of those serving in Florida's National
Guard, many of whom have given their lives in
defense of the State and the Nation.





Florida

Department of

Military Affairs







j WE^

SpGcial ArGhives
Publication NumibGr


66
FLORIDA NATIONAL GUARD YEARBOOK
1939 (REPRINT)



State Arsenal
St. Frailis
Barracks
St. Augustine,
Florida













'. _V -. '-.'^



























BY SERGEANT FRANK H. CROWE ing back to the age of romance in the middle of the six-
Service Company, 124th Infantry teenth century. This was the age when Columbus had
pierced the cloud of ystery and gloom shutting out
The Florida National Guard was not known by this the west, and all Eur pe was ringing with tales of the
name during the first 344 years of its history. Begin- wondrous new-found realms beyond the sunset.
ning with the Timucuan allies of the first French and
Spanish explorers, through the Florida Rangers of the THE EARLY PERIOD
British Period, and later to the period of the State Mili-
tia or Florida State Troops, its organization has per- With the discovery of Florida in 1513 by Ponce De
sisted to the present day. Its battalions have fought Leon, Spain arrogated to herself entire dominion of the
under the Sacred Stag of Timucua, the Lion and Castle vast unknown Continep, t of America. Other Spanish ex-
of Spain, the Fleur de Lis of France, the Lion and the plorers came in rapid succession; Mireulo, who entered
Unicorn of England, the Stars and Bars of the Con- Pensacola Bay in 151; Cordova, who fought the first
THE '





































federacy, and, lastly, the Stars and Stripes of a united battle between white men and natives; Pineda, who in
nation. 1519 sailed along the | Gulf Coast as far as Mexico; de
As a component part of the United States Army in Ayllon, who in 1526 tried to make a settlement in the
the program for National Defense, and through the Carolinas; Narvaez, who in 1528 landed near Tampa
successful administration of its staff officers, the Florida and explored the northwest portion of Florida. In 1539,
National Guard today stands second to none in physical DeSoto made the fifth attempt to conquer and colonize
equipment and training program. Florida, but his campaign ended in his death and burial
But not only in material possessions and in manpower in the Mississippi River, which he had discovered.
is the Florida National Guard rich. It is wealthy in the Expedition after ex edition, made up of the flower of
resources of historical tradition-a military heritage dat- Spanish chivalry, hac landed on the shores of Florida,

[XV]
BY SERGEANT FRANK H. CROWE ing back to the age of romanin the middf of the six-
Service Company, 124th Infantry teenth century. This e age when Columbus had
pierced the cloud of t mystery and gloom shutting out
The Florida National Guard was not known by this the west, and all Europe was ringing with tales of the

fing with the Timucuan allies of the first French and
Spanish explorers, through the Florida Rangers of the In 1539,
British Period, and later to the period of the State Mili- THe EARLY Pe RIo D
Bta or Florida State Troops, its organization has per- With the discoveryof Florida in 1513 by Ponce De
listed to the present day. Its battalions have fought Leon, Spain arrogated to herself entire dominion of the

of Spain, the Fleur de Lis of France, the Lion and the plorers came in rapid succession; Mireulo, who entered











[XV]








and set out with buoyant step upon a triumphal march been subdued by the flame of a few hundred harque-
to win the fabled treasures of the interior, and the for- buses.
ests had closed behind them. But the dream of glory in CHARLESTON
Florida was not dispelled, and still there remained brave
men to accomplish its colonization. After 1670, the Spaniards drove their captive workers
In 1564, the Huguenots, under Laudonniere and Jean with more than ordinary zeal, for northward a new men-
Ribaut, explored the east coast of Florida and founded ace reared its head. Charleston, called by the Spanish
a small fort on the St. John's River which they named San Jorge, took root in abandoned Spanish fields and
Fort Caroline. The French were welcomed by the Timu- waxed strong by its trade with the Indians. Soon there
cuans, who inhabited the coast, and were given every was a continuous friction between the English and their
assistance in their attempt at colonization. Spanish neighbors, which the Spanish met by sending
Great was the surprise of the French to learn that .their Indian allies to burn and destroy the Carolina set-
these Indians had a highly organized army. Outina, a elements. By 1708, the Timucuans were a lost race.
Timucuan chief of this period, seems to have been one The English could not brook such conduct long, and
of the first Indian officers to have a knowledge of mili- retaliated by sending expeditions under Moore in 1702,
tary formations. When going into battle, his ranks were and Oglethorpe in 1740, to destroy St. Augustine and
drawn up in the shape of a half-moon, the chief in the break the Spanish rule. Both expeditions were doomed
center and the youngest and swiftest men in the wings. to failure. By 1744, the savage Yemassees had turned
These were the scouts who preceded the army on the against their English allies and had fled to Florida. Now
march and tracked the enemy, returning when contact the Spanish were stronger than ever, being augmented
was made. As the forces approached to join battle, her- by a new militia of well-trained Indian warriors.
aids transmitted their officers' commands by various So the fruitless warfare went on for 20 years longer,
high-pitched cries, each pitch of voice having a different and might have continued to this day, had not the action
meaning. of the mother countries put an end to the contentions of
When the command was given, the warriors on both the colonies. By the treaty of 1763, England, having
sides flung themselves into battle at a headlong pace, for previously by force of arms gained possession of Cuba,
whichever side first slew an enemy, no matter how insig- restored that island to Spain, and Spain in return made
nificant, that side claimed the victory, even if they even- over to England her possessions in Florida.
tually lost more men, or were soundly trounced by the From the country that they had defended for 200
enemy. years, the Spaniards departed in a body. Even the In-
dian mission towns were deserted, for many of the cop-
FRENCH, SPANISH FIGHT per-hued people de arted for Cuba with their Spanish
But soon the French and their Indian militia were masters.
doomed to destruction. Spain had no desire to have a By this exchange, Florida's first capital, San Augus-
foreign settlement upon her lands, so in 1565, Menen- tine of the Spaniards, became the Saint Augustine of
dez, foremost admiral of Spain, was sent to destroy the the English; and over the ramparts of the huge San
French fort and drive out the Huguenots. These objec- Marcos, which had so long and so bravely held out
tives were soon accomplished, and again the New World against the shock of British cannon balls, floated the
was in sole possession of Spain. Cross of St. George.
Menendez was the greatest historical figure ever asso-
ciated with Florida. He founded St. Augustine and BRITISH OCCUPATION
made it the headquarters for a chain of forts and mis- When England first came into possession of Florida,
sion towns which extended from Virginia to Florida and the new province was so vast that it was decided to
far into the interior, divide it into East and West Florida for the purposes
Succeeding years of Spanish occupation brought only
defeat and enslavement for the Indian warriors. Indian
slaves erected the huge coquina fort of Castillo de San
Marcos, Indian slaves built the great military road now
called the Old Spanish Trail, and Indian slaves worked
the mission gardens and tended the mission flocks. Their
military glory was over and their numberless legions had





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of administration, and for a short time the government to the English in the formation of the provincial mili-
of both provinces was under the Military. tia, "The Florida Rangers."
There were only three towns of any size in the new Meanwhile the military forces had not been idle. The
territory and these had been practically destroyed by the unrest of the American colonies was becoming serious,
disgruntled Spanish. Pensacola consisted of only 40 and in spite of numerous conflicts between military and
thatched huts; St. Augustine was little better off, as its civil authority, the southern outpost of England began
fine gardens and many of its stone houses had been torn, to prepare for war.
destroyed or injured by the vindictive Spaniards. Mo- PREPARE FOR WAR
bile was in better condition, with numbers of brick build- Castillo de San Marcos (called Fort St. Marks by the
ings and well-kept public structures. English) was repaired and equipped with the finest
Major Ogilvie commanded in East Florida until Oc- armament of the day. Addition joists were put across
tober, 1763, when James Grant, the first Governor, ar- the casemates, making "double-deckers" for the accom-
rived, but it was not until 1764 that the military rule of modation of the coming concentration of troops. The
Col. William Taylor was displaced by the coming of St. Francis Friary was rebuilt and occupied "because of
George Johnstone, first Governor of West Florida. its good water," and great wooden barracks were erected
Both Governors issued proclamations extolling the "sufficient to house five regiments."
advantages of the provinces and inviting settlers. Soon the treasury kept the King's accounts; laborers
worked on the King's fort, wrought in the King's forge,
GREAT PLANTATIONS manned the King's pilot boats, bought their "bisket" at
The English soon flocked in and great plantations the King's bakery and their meat at the King's market.
arose near the population centers. Soldiers in the late Pensacola and Mobile were likewise reconstructed,
wars were offered special inducements to immigrate. A with the Military building good roads, draining swamps,
field officer was granted 5,000 acres; a captain, 3,000; a and constructing forts.
subaltern, 2,000; every non-com, 200; and every private, REVOLUTIONARY WAR
50 acres of ground. In 1775 came the American Revolution. Of the 14
Most interesting of all settlements was that attempted colonies of England, Florida alone remained loyal, even
at New Smyrna by Dr. Turnbull and his associates. burning in effigy the two arch-rebels, John Hancock and
These partners received a grant of 60,000 acres and Samuel Adams.
employed 1,403 persons from Greece, Italy, and Minorca The State was a haven of refuge for the King's serv-
to cultivate the land. These colonists gave valuable aid ants and Tories, who fled from the revolted col.nies.

Of the 14 colonies, Florida alone remained loyal to England during the American Revolution. It served as a haven of refuge for
the King's servants and Tories, who later banded together in the troops of the Florida Rangers, who joined with the Hessians from
New York in the siege of Savannah and the reduction of Charleston.


/. "..
7-1. T." -^..

/ kr' j '















A' -; *









Soon an oddly assorted throng came flocking in. From brightened the peninsular coast. Murderous outlaw,
Georgia appeared the Tory Colonel Thomas Browne- cruel pirate, savage Yemassee and Seminole, and thiev-
the tar and feathers given him by the Liberty Boys still ing runaway slave inhabited the interior or the coast of
sticking to his skin, and not long after followed Daniel Florida.
McGirth, once as stout-hearted a Liberty Boy as any in Spain kept up a half-hearted attempt at jurisdiction
the South, then victim of official wrong, and now de- over these rough citizens, but could not make much
serter to the King's cause. Still another accession was headway. The towns of St. Augustine and Pensacola
the valorous Scot, Rory Macintosh, captain in his Maj- were jammed full with troops, but these seldom ven-
esty's Highlanders, who, attended always by his pipers, tured farther than the city gates. Their time was en-
paraded the narrow streets, breathing out oaths of tirely taken up with such duties as guarding powder
slaughter against the rebels. houses, noting the marking of high noon on the sun-
dial in order to ring the various bells, guarding the poor
INDIAN AND MILITIA ACT devils of convicts slaving on fortifications, and partici-
pating in military balls and fiestas.
With such an element Florida was not long content To keep the savages in the interior from molesting
with passive loyalty. When the "Indian and Militia the Spanish towns, the authorities fomented and encour-
Act" was passed in 1778 and Governor Tonyn called aged, with great success, guerilla attacks upon the bor-
for volunteers to aid in suppressing the rebellion, citi- der American towns.
zens, Tory refugees, Scopholites, Minorcans, and In- For many years the Georgia colonists suffered this
dians banded together in the troops of the Florida state of affairs to continue, but finally began to make
Rangers. In command was Colonel Thomas Browne, counter raids into Spanish territory. The United States
eager to revenge himself upon the Georgians. McGirth, Government also regarded with apprehension the pres-
also thirsting for retaliation, mustered a desperate band ence of a foreign power on its southern boundary and
of cut-throats mounted on stolen horses, and carried fire decided that the indolent Don must no longer stand in
and sword through the southern provinces. the way of the new nation's development.
It was the old story of warfare between Florida and
Georgia; but more bitter than the conflicts between O UAR WAR W SA
English and Spaniard were the contentions of Liberty OUR UNDECLARED WAR WITH SPAIN
Boy and Florida Ranger. Within the years 1811-1813 occurred an episode
The Florida Rangers were active, aggressive, and suc- wherein a group of adventurers, with the tacit assistance
cessful in their campaigns. In cooperation with the of part of the United States Army, took it upon them-
Hessians from New York, they joined in the siege of selves to make a private war for the annexation of Flor-
Savannah, and afterwards took part in the reduction of ida. This was a thoroughly American piece of insouci-
Charleston. ance which would be repeated in other places with better
When Charleston fell, many notable American pa- success for many years to come.
triots were brought to Florida as prisoners; these in- Spain itself was under the thumb of Napoleon and
cluded General Gadsden, Governor of South Carolina, most of her American colonies in revolt, so that she had
and three signers of the Declaration of Independence, little strength in Florida. France, England, and the
Middleton, Rutledge, and Hayward. United States regarded Florida as the key to the Gulf
In 1779, Spain declared war against the English and of Mexico and watched each other to check any move
captured the province of West Florida. With the suc- for control there. The Spanish Governor of Florida
cess of the 13 colonies, the British decided that East begged in vain for reinforcements from Spain and
Florida was untenable and withdrew in 1783. To Eng- finally in disgust wrote Robert Smith, United States
land, Spain yielded Jamaica, and to Spain, England, in Secretary of State, that if help did not come before the
exchange, gave Florida. first of the year (1811), he would give both the Floridas
The 20 years' occupation of Florida by the British, to the United States.
however, left an indelible impression upon its shores.
This period was so productive and constructive that
hardly a section of the Florida coast today does not WAR CLOUDS
contain some relic of this great period of colonization. Madison was quick to act and on January 15, 1811,
Congress passed an act enabling the President to take
SECOND SPANISH OCCUPATION possession of any part of Florida which might be under
With the return of the Spaniard a change came over the hungry eye of England, before that nation could
Florida. There was no more planting and harvesting; occupy some convenient inlet as a war base. This was
the Indian stalked through the deserted indigo fields when the clouds of war with England were gathering
and camped in abandoned sugar mills; industry was at and the United States feared that Spain, ever mindful
an end; the crowding sails of merchant ships no longer of American yearning for her golden isles and luxuriant

[XVIII I






























The full cost of the War with the Seminoles, which lasted seven years. 1835 to 1842, is estimated at more than $4000,000, Nearly
1,500 regular soldiers were killed or died of disease, besides heavy losses among the volunteer forces.


mainlands, might permit that nation to seize a base of berman, John McIntosh, consented to become "Direc-
operations against the unruly western republic. tor" of the projected "Republic of Florida." Under the
President Madison appointed secret commissioners to leadership of these men a paper republic was formed
negotiate with the Spanish, with general directions "to under which the self-appointed authorities were to trans-
conceal from general observation the trust," but nego- fer their property to the United States.
tiations failed. Whereupon American initiative took General Matthews next demanded regular troops
matters into its own hands, and, while Andrew Jackson from the United States, but Major Laval, officer in
invaded West Florida, the militia or "patriots" from charge of the southern post, refused, saying that his
Georgia did the same thing in the eastern part of th2 orders did not mean that he should invade foreign soil.
province. In spite of the blandishments of General Matthews,
George Matthews, an ex-member of Congress from Major Laval's command also stood firm, so he was
Georgia, a general of that state's militia, and one of the forced to appeal to the Navy.
disappointed commissioners of President Madison, The Navy, or at least Commodore Campbell, gave
promptly proceeded to create his own "local authori- Matthews a hearty response. He soon had the guns of
ties" in East Florida and to carry out his official duties his squadron trained on Fernandina, and when he was
in a quite unofficial way. For his purposes, he had at required by the Spanish Commandant to give reason for
hand numerous Georgia and Florida frontiersmen who such action, he replied that "it was to prevent an effu-
were more than willing to go into Spanish territory to sion of blood and to protect American citizens." There-
recapture their slaves (protected by the Spanish) and upon, Commandant Lopez decided to march to St. Au-
to administer a deserved drubbing to the Indians who gustine "for orders," and the town was left in the hands
had been harrying the border settlements. of the Patriots.
During the surrender, Captain Lopez, in accordance
EAST FLORIDA PATRIOTS with the custom of war, handed his sword to Colonel
Matthews, himself a hot-tempered, rough son of the Ashley. The latter gentleman, ignoring the further re-
new world, lost little time in leading a band of from 50 quirement of those customs, failed to return the weapon
to 100 self-styled "East Florida Patriots" over the St. and, "putting it on, wore it ever after."
Marys. Many of the settlers of the invaded territory In spite of the complaints of Spain and the hot let-
were of English birth, so General Matthews soon had ters between the ambassadors of the two countries,
his little force augmented by many new converts. United States militia occupied Spanish Florida until
Ludovick Ashley, a wealthy lumberman, agreed to May 6, 1813. In 1817, they returned again to chase out
furnish funds to the invading army, while another lum- the French pirate, Luis Aury, and incidentally estab-

[ XIX]








lished a United States garrison at Fernandina until the teers," but as each individual had been his own quar-
whole territory was ceded in 1819. termaster, no two were either armed or mounted alike.
In this robust fashion, worthy of some of the modern Nearly all carried rifles, though there were quite a few
dictators, was the road paved for the purchase of Flor- who shouldered the old Revolutionary musket, and some
ida. The curious mixture of patriotism, interest, de- were simply armed with single or double-barreled shot-
fense, and frontier democracy, which the Patriots repre- guns. These, however, loaded with "buck for bear,"
sented, thus worked itself out as they wished. England were no contemptible weapons in a skirmish with the
did not get her Florida sea base and another star was Indians.
added to the flag. There were pistols of many sorts-from the huge
brass-butted horse pistols to small single and double-
FIRST YEARS OF AMERICAN RULE barreled "hide-out guns." Every volunteer carried his
Immediately after final ratification of the Florida knife, some dagger-shaped with ornamental hafts, while
treaty was accomplished in 1821, Congress passed a bill the greater number were long, keen blades, similar to
placing the newly-acquired territory directly under the those in use among butchers. In the bels of many were
President, and Andrew Jackson was commissioned Gov- stuck small hatchets, an imitation of the Indian toma-
ernor of Florida. For many years the territory was in hawk. These were to serve the double purpose of cut-
the most wild and lawless condition imaginable. Pirates ting a way through the tangled woods, or breaking in
and smugglers infested the coast towns, savage Seminole the skull of a savage, as opportunity might offer.
and runaway slave made the interior uninhabitable to The accoutrements consisted of powder-horns, bullet-
colonizers. pouches, and shot belts; in short, the ordinary sporting
The years 1817-1818 had seen one severe uprising of gear of the hunter and frontiersman.
the Seminole, which had been put down by General The "mount" of the troop was as varied as the arms
Jackson and his militiamen, but Indians remained a seri- and equipment; horses from 13 hands to 17; the tall
ous problem. Little bands of militia were forced to wage raw-boned steed, the plump cob-shaped roadster, the
unceasing warfare against the tribes in order to protect tight, wiry native of the soil. Many of the horses were
their small log houses scattered throughout the state, of the Andalusian race, descendants of the horses first
In spite of all these difficulties, however, the first 10 brought to the New World by the Spanish.
years of Florida under American rule saw the influx of The lean, wornout "critter" carried on his back the
great numbers of settlers from the Southern States. half-ragged squatter, side by side with the splendid Ara-
The development of the territory continued a few years bian charger of a dashing young planter. Not a few of
longer, but was soon destined to receive a serious set- the militia were mounted on mules, both of American
back. and Spanish origin, and these, when well trained to the
WARS WITH THE SEMINOLES saddle, were quite equal to the horse in a campaign
The Florida War, which may be said to have begun against the Indian.
with the Dade Massacre, December 28, 1835, had many The uniforms of the men were as motley as their
underlying causes. The United States desired to reunite mounts. There were uniforms or half-uniforms, worn
the runaway Creeks (Seminoles) with the main bodies by some of the officers, but among the men no two were
of the Creek nation, or at least force the Seminole to dressed alike. Blanket-coats of red, blue and green; lin-
confine himself within smaller territorial limits. Either sey-woolseys of coarse texture, gray or copper-colored;
plan was unacceptable to the Seminole and hostility soon red flannel shirts, jackets of brown linen or white, some
kindled between Indian and white, of sky-blue cottonade; hunting shirts of dressed deer-
The slaughter of Dade's command and the ambush- skin, with moccasins and leggings of the same, boots of
ing of General Thompson and Lieutenant Smith, both horse or alligator hide; in short, every variety of cos-
occurring in 1835, aroused the War Department to the tume known throughout the States.
need of a sufficient military force in Florida. In 1836,
General Winfield Scott was placed in command of the FANTASTIC HEADGEAR
forces engaged to fight the Seminoles. Soon after Gen-
eral Scott's appointment, General Edmond P. Gaines, The headgear was equally varied and fantastic. No
without orders from the War Department, made a brief stiff shakos were to be seen there, but caps of skin and
but not very successful campaign in the region of the hats of wool, straw, and palmetto leaf, broad-brimmed,
lower Withlacoochee. scuffed, and slouching. A few had forage caps of blue
The records show that in the Seminole Wars of 1835- cloth that gave somewhat of a military character to the
43 the force employed is reported as 10,169 regulars wearers.
and 29,953 volunteers. Perhaps it will be amusing, in The Florida militia was indeed in a bad state of af-
the light of today, to consider the appearance of the fairs at the beginning of the Indian wars, but the terri-
Florida militia or volunteer of this period. trial Legislature of 1836 soon moved to insure better
Many of the militiamen were called "mounted volun- organization and equipment.




I I^









A corps of military exempts was formed at Sr. Augus-
tine and the counties of Franklin, Columbia, \Vashing- .
ton, Walton, and Leon were all ordered to form addi.
tional militia units. A -.
The Governor issued a proclamation calling for %ol-
unteers, and by virtue of his authority given by the ,'
Legislature, was empowered, "in time of imminent dan-
ger," to draft troops from each count%. said troops to
serve for four months. Another act of this year per-
tained to the election of Colonel, Lieutenant Colonel. '
and Major. Inasmuch as the militia had failed to elect
these officers, the Governor was authorized to appoint
officers considered necessary to -an efficient organization.
Twenty thousand dollars was appropriated to pa the
militia, and a law was passed making it a crime to attach
property of militiamen on active dut\. or ser' e upon '
them any summons in civil suit. In addition a morao-
rium was declared on all liens against militiamen on
active duty.
The following year the sum for defense %,as increased
to $30,000 and a bounty of $16.50 a month %%as given
to a soldier enlisting for one year's service on the "-
frontier.
-".*" "P -
WAR WITH THE SEMINOLE
Meanwhile the war with the Seminole had been pro. 4. 4
ceeding in a desultory fashion, with the Indian more
than holding his own against the Regulars. Scott's cam.
paign did not prove a success, and he was called as,ay
to fight the Creeks in Western Georgia. General Thom.
as S. Jesup was named to succeed Scott. bur General
R. K. Call was in charge of military operations during
the latter part of 1836. His troops did some fighting n
the Big Wahoo Swamp and along the \'ithlacoochee.
but these battles led to no permanent results. While the
savages retreated, they were unconquered.
During the period when General Jesup was com-
mander, December, 1836, to May, 1838. there %ere-
2,400 Indians either killed or captured. Among these




At n the time of the War with,Mex.ico ;
Florida was so scantily populated and so h.wt
engrossed with fighting the Indians that .- "
only two companies of FIc,,;d volunel.,s
went to Mee:co. .,.', "

S- ,-"
-1'.--" "- -' '


V_
.. '. '"







."'.. ,-



.5 (
:








was Osceola, the guiding spirit of the Seminoles He General W. J Worth succeeded Armistead in 1841-
... -: I.., -.-,



With the death of Osceola, the backbone of the In only a few hundred were left. This remnant of a great








Indians estimated at about 380 warriors. After this de or Seminole War closed on August 14, 1842. -'
feat at Okechobee, the Indian never fought a pitched .
.m. -- .. ..,- ",-'.n'. ..
-/ ..{ ,.i -. ., .-']., : -.C
S. : -- .---. -- ,. .' .






Flwas Osceola the guiding spirit of the Seminoles. Heorida. General TaylorW. J. Worth succeed Armistead in 1841

died most of his men. Other bands were brought in until
With the death of Osceola, the backbone of the In- only a few hundred were left. This remnant of a great
an resance wa. bro I 1a, oone aca naon ed no










May, 1841, during which period 450 Indians were cap- After the removal of the Indians to the western res-
Taylor with aboutured a sentthousand men defeated wea forst. ervations, Florget thtraisted more homeseek the Floridand the
Indians estim ated at about 380 warriors. After this de- e



Statefeat at Okechobee, the Indian never fought a pitched n r to promote
FIRSbattle again, but continued to harass the RONAUTICS settlement of Floried seven lgress passedars thand harmed Oc-been
opporunity. Colonel Taylor was promoted to General, theation graveyard of many a General's on hopes. It is estimate











the first attempts at military mronautics in the United o tlement and cultivation for a term of years.
During his two years of leadership he captured and sent that the full coseffect of the war exceeded 40,000,000.
west hundreds of Indians, had nearly a thousand miles Nearly 1,500 regular soldiers were killed or died of dis-
of wagon roads built, and his forces, in search of the on choie, besides heavy losses among the volunteer forces.
Seminole, explored much of the unknown territory of
Florida. General Taylor was succeeded in May, 1840,these frontiersmen knew that no military aid could be
by General W. R. Armistead, who commanded until ARMED OCCUPATION ACT
May, 1841, during which period 450 Indians were cap- After the removal of the Indians to the western res-
tured and sent west. ervations, Florida attracted more homeseekers and the
State began to grow and develop. In order to promote
FIRST ATTEMPT AT MILITARY AERONAUTICS settlement of Florida, Congress passed the Armed Oc-
It was during General Armistead's appointment the locat cupation Act, donating lands on condition of actual set-
the first attempts at military aeronautics in the United tby ob- ement and cultivation for a term of years.
States were made. As the war dragged on, with no pros- This had the intended effect of inducing a consider-
pect of a speedy conclusion, Colonel John Sherburne able number of pioneers, with musket in hand, to locate
suggested that balloons be assigned for service with the on choice lands in advance ofgislature previous settlements. As
Government forces in Florida. these frontiersmen knew that no military aid could be
The difficulty of locating the elusive bands of hostile expected from either State or regular Army, they soon
red men, Sherburne claimed, was largely responsible for banded themselves into little groups for their mutual
the failure of the Army to bring the war to a close. For protection, and new militia units were formed.
this reason, he recommended that a balloon be attachedough form militia duty, except clergymen and ferrymen, and
As Florida continued to grow, it was accepted as a
Sn tin a in i State in 1845. One of the first acts passed by the First
ing night ascensions unknown to the enemy, the location
of their camps could be accurately determined by ob- General Asmy was one rltn to the development
serving the camp fires, and with instruments, their direc- of the militia. Titled "An act to organize the militia of
tion and distance would be calculated. Forces couldfor the past 50 years. such persons exempted by the law of ture provided that
be sent to surround and surprise the encampments. "Every able-bodied free white male inhabitant of the
Secretary of War Poinsett apparently approved Sher- State between the ages of 18 and 45 years, who has re-
burne's plan, but General Armistead vetoed its applica- sided in the same four weeks in time of peace, and 10
tion to Florida, and it was not until the Civil War that days in time of war, shall be enrolled and liable to per-
the United States Army had a balloon corps, although form militia duty, except clergymen and ferrymen, and
France had used balloons for the past 50 years, such persons exempted by the law of the United States."
[- X~'i~~lI.~;i: ]=---




































By provisions of this act: "In the equipment of a THE MEXICAN WAR
ognized as a company unless ... it consists of one cap. country and Mexico in 1846. Mexico claimed Texas,
:4, 1 6. -


























tain, two lieutenantstory of the cFloridanet, four sergeants, fouWar Between the Santates is that ofn the great Confhead of the Mex whican Gov-ed
northwacorporalsrd o the 32 privery gates in of Washington before being stopped by superior numbers and military force to back these

member fully equipped with saddle, bridle, halter, mar- claims. General THE MEXaylor in turn introduced counter mili-
prtingales, and spurskete,and mounted upotgun a shall be indispensa- Chiefly, if not solely, owingrt time annexatcollision and open
efficient horse"; "There shall not be moreceived or rec- Texas to the United States, war broke out between this



ogunteer as artillery company to unless.., it consists of infantry. countryda and Mexico in 1846. Mexico cpulatimed Texand so
ta, two lieutenants, one ornet, four sergeants, four and Santa Anna, with fighting at the heIndiansd of that only two cov-
Thcorporals, act provided th32 privates in fullthe uniform of the company each enent, insisted on a military force to back. Due these



officers shall consist of a blue coat and sword," but it is the absence of data concerning these troops, the number
presumed that an officer was allowed to wear some sort of men engaged and their casualties cannot be estimated.
of trousers also. That there were losses is certain, as witnessed by the
In 1846, the Militia Act was amended to govern the resolution of the Legislature in 1848, asking Congress
election of officers, and another act was passed that all "to make provision for the relief of the widows and
persons subject to militia duty should be subject to do orphans of those gallant defenders of our country who
Shave lost their lives in conflicts in Mexico.
and perform all patrol duty which was required by the
commanding officer. INDIAN UPRISINGS
This patrol duty consisted of taking up all slaves In 1853-57, another series of Indian uprisings oc-
found without the limits of their owner's plantation and cured in the southern part of Florida. In the war that
"to correct such slaves by a moderate whipping with a followed, both Federal and State troops were used and
switch or cowhide, not exceeding 20 lashes, unless said the small regular force was increased to 800 men. Flor-
slave shall have a ticket to show cause of absence." ida men who fought were mainly from Hernando, Hills-
In 1846, the Legislature asked Congress for the St. borough, and Manatee Counties, but there were many
f .rom other sections. A few minor engagements and
Francis Barracks at St. Augustine, "to be. used as an skirmishes were fought, but the principal work of the
arsenal," but it was not until 61 years later that the re- soldiers was hunting the Indian through the swamps of
quest was granted. Lake Okeechobee. As the result of this war, which
off~ersshal cnsit o a luecoa andswod,"butit s te asene o dat coceringthee toop, te nmbA
prsmd htanofce a alwdtowa sm or fme nagdadthi asatescnotb sAmtd
Oftosrsas.Thttee eelsssi eran s insJdb h
In 146,theMiltiaAct as mened o gvernthe tesluton f th Leisltur in1848 asingConrnv
elecionof ffiers andanoheractwaspassd tat ll to ake rovsio fo th relef f te 4 -4 .n
peron sbjcttomiita:duy holdbesuiet o o ophnsofthsegalat efndrsofouA'.7rywh























eletin f ffcesan aoterac ws asedtht ll "t mkeprviio fr hereie o te idwsan








closed before the end of 1857, Chief Billy Bowlegs and RECONSTRUCTION
about 160 Indians were sent west. There still .remained
about 300 in the Everglades, ard their descendants live After the war, the lot of Florida was the same un-
there today. Their nation has never signed a peace happy one as that of the other Confederate States. The
treaty with the United States, and technically are still soldier returned home to find his slaves freed, his fields
at war with the invader, laid waste, his buildings burned, his money of no value,
and his property taxed beyond possibility of payment.
WAR BETWEEN THE STATES Worse than all, he found that his right of franchise
had been taken away from him, and that his servants
The history of the Florida soldiers in the War Be- were now his masters. The "carpet-baggers" now ran
tween the States is that of the great Confederate armies the government, and he had no voice in his government.
which surged northward to the very gates of Washing- So with heavy heart, but with the indomitable spirit
ton before being stopped by superior numbers and lack that he had displayed on so many battlefields, he set to
of equipment and arms. work to rebuild his fortunes.
From its secession on January 3, 1861, Florida re- With the fall of the Confederacy and the advent of
mained the storehouse of the Confederacy. The great Reconstruction under Federal military rule, there began
battles of the war were fought in other states, leaving a long period of inactivity for the regular State Militia.
Florida unmolested to raise crops as usual. But after eight and a half years of carpet-bag rule, Flor-
It was well for the Confederacy that this was so, for ida returned to her own.
soon long lines of oxen dragged Florida beef and Flor- By 1893, according to the reports of Adjutant General
ida corn to the soldiers fighting desperately in Virginia Patrick Houstoun, the Florida State Troops consisted
and Tennessee. The coastal sky was soon bright at night of 20 companies of infantry and two batteries of light
with the flames of the salt-makers, preparing that pre- artillery, with very little increase until 1898.
servative and necessary mineral. In fact, Florida salt
was so important that at one time the Union Navy had THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR
one-half of their gunboats engaged in operations against THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR
the salt-makers of the peninsula. The war with Spain will cause the year 1898 to be
The military operations in Florida prior to 1864 had always memorable in the history of the Florida State
been comparatively unimportant. At the beginning of Troops. Owing to the large numbers of Cuban cigar-
the war the militia had seized the Florida forts and pow- makers in Tampa and Key West, the citizens of Florida
der storehouses of the United States, with the exception were cognizant of the cruelties of the Spanish long be-
of Fort Pickens, Key West, and Fort Jefferson. But fore the rest of the nation was aroused. Indeed, for
soon the Union Navy took possession of the Florida many months before the entrance of the United States
coast and began a blockade, into the war, secret juntas had been formed to help the
By 1863 the Federal troops were in possession of Jack- insurgents, and night after night filibusters slipped out
sonville and St. Johns River and were making extensive of Florida ports. Loaded with guns and ammunition,
expeditions. into the interior. During this time the Con- the American sympathizers did much to stiffen the re-
federates bombarded Jacksonville with a 32-pound rifled distance of the Cubans, while Federal authorities looked
gun mounted on a railroad flat car, perhaps the first the other way.
instance of a "steam gun" being used. As the war clouds began to darken, the Governor is-
In 1864, the Union troops decided to invade the State sued an order on April 4, "directing Company Com-
and destroy the commissary of the Confederacy. In Feb- manders to use all diligence in recruiting their com-
ruary they marched to Olustee, where they were de- panies to the complement authorized by law," and by
feated in a ard-fought battle. While the Federals were April 19, Congress had authorized and passed resolu-
having./ "rd time in the east, West Florida was tions of intervention. Following the declaration of war,
bei'- rom Pensacola. The invaders reached April 23, President McKinley issued a call for 125,000
to turn back. volunteers, and, in keeping with their traditions, the
United States Navy landed troops Florida militia units were among the first to respond.
\hed on the capital at Tallahas- On April 24, the Secretary of War notified the Gov-
ere met at Natural Bridge by ernor that the State was expected to furnish one regi-
men, mostly militia, under ment of infantry and that the State Militia should be
er a sharp engagement of used. As all the Florida companies had volunteered
forced to withdraw, their services and only 12 could be accepted, it was the
likewise the granaries decision of the State to select the companies in the order
0e, *1 e saved to the Con- in which their services were tendered. However, it was
tioi bible effect on the found impossible for any of the companies to recruit up
the Unit. a close. to full strength, so eventually the entire 20 coNpanies
France had use
f XXIV I








were ordered to Tampa. By May 12, all the Militia JACKSONVILLE FIRE
were camped in the "Cigar City," and on May 23 the The attempt to inaugurate a better training plan in
ceremonies were completed for the "muster-in," and the the militia had hardly started when they were again
First Regiment of Florida Volunteers, numbering 1,001, called into active service. In 1901, while the great Jack-
was accepted into the service of the United States. sonville fire was raging, a call went out for troops. Com-
panies from Live Oak, Lake City, Palatka, and St. Au-
FEAR SPANISH ATTACK gustine were rushed to the scene to preserve order. By
this time the flames had assumed such gigantic propor-
F During the mobilization, citizens on the coasts of tions that additional companies from Starke, Gaines-
Florida, fearing that on account of their nearness to ville, Orlapdo, and Jasper were ordered out. It was de-
Cuba, an attack might be made by Spanish gunboats, cided to put the stricken city under martial law imme-
appealed to the Governor for ordnance and ammunition diately, and the militia soon had the gutted city under
for their protection. They also asked to be allowed to firm control. The companies acted so swiftly and effi-
organize coast guard companies. Both of these requests ciently that a report made to the Governor stated: "Mil-
were granted, and 17 companies for coast defense were itary control city entirely without friction. Presence of
formed. At the same time the naval militia was put at military has preserved order and prevented possible trou-
the service of the Coast Signal organization and Auxil- ble. No excitement."
iary Naval Force vessels. In addition to furnishing No excitement.
these units, Florida contributed cash as well, lending the Service during the Jacksonville fire had a far-reaching
sum of $7,000 to the United States for the purpose of effect upon the growth and training plans of the State
equipping and subsisting the volunteer forces of the Troops. Although the men, as a rule, had acquitted
State in national service, themselves in a soldierly manner, much was left to be
desired in "esprit de corps." Petty jealousies among
During the stay in Tampa rumors of all kinds were companies caused much unpleasantness. It was realized
heard concerning the departure to Cuba, something that that an annual encampment should be held at which all
all the troops ardently desired. The possibility of see- companies should participate in order to accustom them
ing service in Cuba was finally completely dissipated by to act as a single unit. It was also decided that officers
the destruction of the Spanish fleet and the battle of should be required to pass regular examinations to prove
Santiago. their ability to command. These recommendations were
One outfit of Florida men, however, did see some approved by the Legislature of that year.
actual fighting, although they were not members of the The following years brought a great improvement
regularly enlisted militia. These were a group of wag- along all lines. Florida, in 1903, became the first State
owners suddenly beset by the Spanish upon a beach in in the Union to conform to the new national law by
Cuba. According to the press of that day: "The wag- prescribing for its militia the same organization, arma-
oners pulled out spokes from the wheels and with them ment, and discipline prescribed for co-relative branches
and wagon tongues did cover themselves with glory and of the Regular or Volunteer Armies of the United
the enemy with gore!" States. The obsolete .45 calibre Springfields were re-
The Florida Volunteers did some little extempora- placed by the "Krags," a magazine rifle, calibre .30,
neous fighting in camp also, when they came to the aid 1898 model, and, as could be expected, a general revival
neous fighting in camp also, when they came to the aid
of a Georgia regiment. The Georgia unit had arrived of interest in musketry arose. For the first time in seven
in camp wearing the Confederate gray and were billeted years the Florida State Troops were ordered into camp
next to the New York troops, who were uniformed in for field instruction. During this encampment the Hon-
blue. It was not long before an argument started and orable James P. Taliaferro gave a handsome and valu-
c able silver loving cup, called "The Taliaferro Trophy,
soon the camp assumed the appearance of a riot. Flor- able silver loving cup, called "The Taliaerro Trophy,
ida troops could not long resist the opportunity of such to be competed for annually by the teams from the vari-
a cause and waded in to help their southern neighbors. ous organizations composing the Florida State Troops.
To this day, the Taliaferro Trophy tournament is a
After the war with Spain, the militia of the State was great event in the Florida National Guard.
reorganized and an era of improvement began. The call During 1903 another forward impetus to the State
to arms had brought together the militia of the several military service was given by the formation of the Na-
states, organized and officered each upon a plan unto tional Guard Association.
itself, equipped with obsolete arms of various patterns,
and garbed to suit their respective tastes. The troops of FIRST MACHINE GUN COMPANIES
Florida alone displayed not less than 20 varieties of
"uniforms"-if such a term may be so applied. Not For the next five years the militia went about their
wanting patriotism were these soldiers, nor in intelli- routine duties with little change. The first machine gun
gence, nor courage, but woefully lacking in the strictly companies of the infantry regiment were organized and
necessary military information, issued .45 calibre Gatlings taken from the inactive artil-

[XXV]








lery. New olive-drab uniforms replaced the blues, and THE WORLD WAR
in 1908 the old Krags were replaced by United States O 19, F S
Army rifle, calibre .30, model 1903. On April 13, 1917, the First Separate Battalion of
Infantry and detachment of Sanitary Troops were mo-'
As an interesting example of the new spirit of friend- bilized and mustered into Federal service. The several
lines manifested by the North and South, since the uni- companies of this battalion were distributed throughout
fiction of the Spanish-American War, Secretary of the State at various points where their service was con-
War Taft, in 1905, returned to the State seven Confed- sidered most necessary for the guarding of bridges, rail-
erate battle flags of the Florida State Militia. road crossings, and public utilities. Upon the call into
In 1907, two very important acquisitions were made. Federal service, this battalion was combined with other
by the State. Black Point was formally approved as a new companies that had been recently organized, and
permanent camp, and the St. Francis Barracks were all were consolidated, forming the First Regiment In-
turned over to the State under a lease. The new State fantry.
Arsenal was thoroughly needed. There had never ex- The First Infantry was, just prior to its muster into
isted any facilities for the care of public military prop- national service, practically reorganized and recruited at
erty in Florida, and such limited supply of this property state expense by the Adjutant General's office. Eleven
as was kept on hand was stored in the cellar and lower new organizations were formed, including headquarters
halls of the State Capitol. For the first time the State company, supply company, and machine gun company.
had a well-equipped building suitable for storage of a These organizations were consolidated into regimental
complete supply of clothing and equipment, a safe place formation, and with the addition of the First Separate
to provide for the care and keeping of unused military Battalion completed the regiment, thus allowing the
property, and repair shops for ordnance and ordnance State to furnish two complete regiments of infantry.
stores. The entire force of the National Guard was taken
Shortly after the occupation of the new State Arsenal into the Federal service on August 5, 1917. The Coast
the Legislature adopted an amended military code which Artillery, after being federalized, was mobilized at Fort
further adapted the State Militia to the requirements of Dade. The First and Second Regiments of Infantry,
the Federal militia law. During the year 1909, the name with Sanitary Troops attached, and the First Field Hos-
of the Florida State Troops was changed to the "Flor- pital Company, were mobilized at Camp Wheeler for
ida National Guard," as the most fitting term to be further preparation.
applied to an organized militia, in that it expressed the In the absence of the National Guard'units from the
chief purpose for which that force was provided by the State, the counties were authorized to raise and main-
Constitution. tain units of Home Guards, and a reliable and efficient
MEXICAN BORDER force was actually organized in most of these counties.
The history of the Florida National Guard from
It was on the Mexican Border in 1916 that many of April 5, 1917, until November 11, 1918, is the glorious
the present-day high-ranking officers of the Florida Na- history of the United States in the World War. The
tional Guard received their first taste of warfare. On Second Florida became the 124th Infantry, while the
June 18, 1916, the National Guard of Florida was mo- First Florida was split and distributed through the units
bilized into the national service, Florida having been of the 31st or "Dixie Division."
called upon to furnish one regiment of infantry. As the main line of defense behind the skeleton-sized
Owing to the general excellence of the Second Regi- regular Army, these National Guard soldiers were sent
ment, it was selected by the War Department, recruited to France and served on foreign soil from October 4 to
to full strength, and sent to the Texas-Mexico border. November 26, 1918. Officers and privates were scattered
It was during the mobilization that the new camp through every branch of the Army in active service. It
facilities at Black Point showed their true value. Flor- would be impractical to attempt to detail here the activi-
ida troops encamped without any confusion, or without ties of the Florida men. It will suffice to say that total
one cent of outlay or expense to the Federal Govern- enlistments, commissions, and inductions of Floridians
ment or State. This was not true of all the states, for numbered 42,030 men, 1,287 of whom were killed or
many of them, much larger than Florida, had made no died in the service. The valor of the Florida troops
provision for billeting such a large number of troops. brought immortal credit to the State, 221 of the men
The Second Regiment of Infantry and Field Hospital being either cited or decorated. Following their trium-
Company remained on the border until they were re- phant return, they were accorded the most enthusiastic
turned to their home state, April, 1917, for the purpose home-coming welcome ever given to returning soldiers
of demobilization and muster out of the Federal service, from war.
The Second was not inactive for long, however, for in Many of the present high-ranking officers of the Na-
August of the same year they were again called to the tional Guard saw service in France and returned to
colors. 'direct reorganization of the State unit after the war.

SXXVI








THE POST-WAR PERIOD In 1923, the reconstruction of the main office building
On January 1, 1919, this State had no active Fed- of the State Arsenal was completed. From a report
erally-recognized National Guard. Under the provisions made by Major John C. Fairfax upon the annual Fed-
of the National Defense Act, the troops serving in the eral inspection of the National Guard posts, the follow-
World War, upon discharge from the Army, automat- ing statement is quoted: "The State Arsenal is in the
ically became private citizens, thus leaving the various Old St. Francis Barracks. It is the best military plant
states without guard units. ever seen by the writer."
Up to this time, the Militia Bureau of the War De- The mustering in of the 116th Field Artillery in 1923
apartment had had but little opportunity to formulate brought intd the State an investment of half a million
plans for the recognition of the National Guard within dollars of Federal funds and gave added impetus to the
the several states. During 1919, however, the provisions steadily growing demands for modern and adequate
of the Defense Act of 1916 were put into active play armories. Many of the counties met this need by liberal
and new regulations were published as a guide for re- donations and grants of land.
organization. Under the above authority, the State or- The providing of suitable armories was one of the
ganized and presented for inspection three companies of most difficult problems with which the State Military
infantry, of which two obtained Federal recognition. Department had to contend. Finally, it was decided at
Despite the reluctance shown by ex-service men and the meeting of the State Armory Board held August
others to enlist, and other circumstances militating 24, 1923, that in the formation of additional Guard
against active organization, the Florida National Guard units it would be considered a prerequisite that the com-
began to revive, although as late as 1920 it numbered munities where such units were to be located should
ohly 836 officers and enlisted men. It was a very effi- agree to provide appropriate and necessary housing.
cient organization, at that, for the majority of officers In spite of the many difficulties and annoyances con-
and non-cors were men who had seen service not only nected with lack of funds, the unit as a whole had a
in the World War but in previous activities, and in con- phenomenal growth during these trying years.
sequence the companies were better trained than ever HURRICANE RELIEF
before. It was well that the Guard was ready for action by
By 1921, the Guard had an aggregate of 1,550 men, 1926, because on the morning of September 19 of that
showing an increase over the previous year of 41 officers year a relayed radiogram was received from the sheriff
d 3 m. Te Gard nw c o t year a relayed radiogram was received from the sheriff
and 673 men. The Guard now consisted of the pre- of Dade County briefly advising of the devastation cre-
scribed Staff Corps and Department, one complete regi- ated by the hurricane that visited South Florida on the
ment of infantry with 16 units, one Motor Transport day previous. The sheriff requested that troops be sent
Company, one Motorcycle Company, and three Field immediately to protect property and maintain the public
Artillery Batteries, making a total of 22 organizations, peace. Preparatory orders were issued to the nearest
as compared with the 12 companies at the end of the available units at once, and communication with the
previous year. Governor was obtained by long distance telephone. All
EX-SERVICE MEN'S BUREAU organizations in the storm area were immediately placed
on duty and directed to report to Major Robert N.
During 1921, the Florida Ex-Service Men's Bureau Ward, 124th Infantry, at Miami.
began to function and an increasing interest in military When the call for troops came, Adjutant General
affairs was shown by the public. Over'l,200 inquiries Foster was en route to Washington. Upon the receipt
regarding the CMTC poured into the Adjutant Gen- of telegraphic news of the disaster, he returned immedi-
eral's office during July. ately and en route to Miami met Henry Baker, Na-
The reservation, which was originally provided as tional Director of the Red Cross. General Foster laid
campgrounds and rifle range for the Guard, but which his plans on the train and arranged to take Mr. Baker
was used by the Federal Authority during the World by motor all over the storm area.
War and designated "Camp Johnson," was returned to Meanwhile, the Guard was functioning smoothly.
the custody of the State in 1921. The original plan of Colonel Vivian B. Collins, with his field and staff offi-
the camp had been changed, and many of the perma- cers, and practically all of the 124th Infantry, had been
nent structures had either been destroyed or were ir- sent to Miami.
reparable. Effort was begun to obtain funds to make All troops at Miami, Fort Lauderdale, and Holly-
the camp again available. The St. Francis Barracks wood were placed under the command of Colonel Col-
were also in bad condition, having been injured by the lins, who also acted as co-ordinator of the other organi-
fire of 1915, and the Legislature of this year voted zations and agencies in the stricken area.
$40,000 for its repair, at the same time requesting a
transfer of the property from the War Department to TRAGEDY AT MOORE HAVEN
the State. Senator Trammell introduced a bill in Con- On September 21, report was received from the mili-
gress for this purpose. It was passed March 1, 1922. tary commander at Moore Haven, calling attention to the

[XXVII ]









CONTINUATION OF HISTORIES

very serious conditions at that point and urging that dated total for road patrol and baggage inspection of
additional troops be sent there. Orders were issued di- 9,657,708 pieces.
reacting Colonel Sumter L. Lowry, Jr., with his staff and This incident offers an example which is believed more
the Headquarters and Service Batteries of the 116th or less unique, of a state military force performing non-
Field Artillery, to proceed to Moore Haven. Colonel military duty and meeting an emergency for which there
Lowry was assigned supervision over the military opera- appeared no other possible solution. The manner of
tions in the storm area west of Lake Okeechobee. performance of this duty was highly commended by the
It is impossible within a limited scope to single out Federal authorities appointed to investigate the problem.
instances of particularly noteworthy service performed
by individuals or the various organizations that partici- THE PRESENT PERIOD
pated in this particularly trying tour of duty. It is suf-
ficient to say that the officers and enlisted men as a With the appointment of Adjutant General Collins,
whole acquitted themselves with credit and rendered June 29, 1928, the Florida National Guard embarked
valuable assistance not only in aiding civil authority to upon its present and greatest program of training and
preserve the peace and police the devastated area, but expansion.
by cooperating in every practical and effective way in On December 31, 1938, the strength of the Florida
extending immediate relief wherever required. National Guard was 2,552 officers and enlisted men, a
During 1928 occurred the death of that distinguished gain of 1,716 since 1920. In addition to those on active
citizen and able soldier, Brigadier General J. Clifford status, the Florida National Guard had a reserve of 634
R. Foster, Adjutant General of the State of Florida on inactive status.
during the years 1901-1916 and 1923-1928. The follow- Through the medium of Service Schools, Army Ex-
ing year Camp Johnson was redesignated "Camp Fos- tension Course studies, and United States Army instruc-
ter" in honor of the memory of the General. tors, the standard of military education has been consid-
General Foster was succeeded by Brigadier General erably raised, and training schedules and programs re-
Vivian Collins, who, by direction of the Governor, took flect the more serious study and consideration of all
over the duties of the Adjutant General and has occu- commanding officers.
pied that position to the date of this writing (1939). Field and armory inspection reports of the War De-
partment inspectors indicate that all branches of the
MEDITERRANEAN FRUIT FLY Florida Guard measure up to War Department stand-
ards, and the recent concentration and maneuver of the
In 1929, there arose an unusual emergency in Flor- Third Army demonstrated to all military authorities
ida. The Mediterranean fruit fly was found in an that the Florida contingent was well prepared to per-
orange grove in the central portion of the State. This form any reasonable war mission to which it might be
discovery caused great consternation to the owners of assigned.
millions of dollars invested in citrus groves. The United All divisional units of the Florida National Guard,
States Department of Agriculture and the State Plant which include Infantry, Field Artillery, Engineers, Med-
.Board likewise took a grave view of the situation. To ical and Quartermaster branches, participated in the
prevent the spread of this pest over the entire country maneuvers of the Third Army, DeSoto National For-
it was necessary that immediate quarantine of the in- est, Mississippi, July 31 -to August 14, 1938. The re-
fested area be instituted, and no organized force was port of the field umpires indicates a well-founded knowl-
available to enforce this quarantine except the Florida edge of interior administration and military tactics, a
National Guard. high state of troop morale'and discipline, and probably
It was recognized that this was not a military duty, outstanding ability of the Florida Infantry and Field
but the emergency was such that the Governor felt jus- Artillery in maintaining efficient wire and radio com-
tified in using the Guard to enforce the quarantine and munications.
save the United States from the possible permanent in- In this maneuver, 140 Reserve Officers of the several
festation of this pest. branches were assigned to organizations of the Florida
Soon the National Guard had established two lines National Guard and rendered valuable and cooperative
across the State, and the men on patrol duty from June service.
1, 1929, to June 30, 1930, inspected 4,578,572 vehicles. CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM
There were guards stationed at 42 towns within the
area, and the train riders traveled a distance of 5,100 The armory construction program is rapidly ap-
miles daily over the railroads. Guards on baggage in- preaching completion, and within another year it is ex-
spection checked 5,079,136 pieces of baggage and found pected that all units of the National Guard will occupy
19,863 hosts of the "Med Fly." This made a consoli- modern quarters. During the years 1937-1938, local
(Continued on page 154)
SXXVIII]













tIhe Militia is certainly an
object of primary importance,
whether viewed in reference
to the national security, to
the satisfaction of the com-
munity or to the preserva-
tion of order."
-GEORGE WASHINGTON.














LOIHFI NHIIONHIHUHRD









Side S9iaj


CORPS AND DEPARTMENT











apartment, and Finance Department constitute the
VIVIAN COLLINS branches represented on this date. All officers
Brigadier General, The Adjutant General
are assigned definite duties in their departments.
The officers of the State Staff have been as-
State Staffs and State Detachments are author- signed the duty of completing all plans within the
ized by the Secretary of War under an Act of State for the rapid and successful mobilization of
Congress, May 12, 1917. The purpose of the the National Guard in case of emergency. In
State Administrative Staff Corps is to constitute addition to this, they have enrolled in the required
a nucleus of personnel for the administration, sup-
S courses assigned by the Joint Army and Navy
ply, mobilization and recruiting of the National and i
Guard in both State and Federal service. Selective Service Committee and have submitted
Under present tables of organization, Florida plans for recruiting prior to M-day. Coordina-
is allotted nine officers and 26 enlisted men. The tion of effort in all branches of the service in
Adjutant General's Department, Inspector Gen- Florida is the desire of the Adjutant General,
eral's Department, Judge Advocate General's De- and through the State Staff such an effort can
apartment, Quartermaster Corps, Ordnance De- be realized.

THOMAS B. SPARKMAN HEBER E. COUCHMAN RUPERT SMITH
Major, Inspector General Major. Judge Advocate Major, Ordnance Officer












[2]

/ E2]








































ROBERT G. WHITE GEORGE E. GRACE
Lieutenant Colonel Lieutenant Colonel
Assistant Adjutant General and State 9. M. Finance Officer, U. S. P. & D. 0.


LIEUTENANT COLONEL WHITE LIEUTENANT COLONEL GRACE
Entered military service during World War, enlisting in Enlisted in United States Army, November 2, 1914. Served in
S. A. T. C., University of Florida, Gainesville, October i, 1918. Fourth Cavalry, 301st Cavalry, and 46th Field Artillery, as
Discharged December x12, z918. Enlisted in Third Separate private, corporal, sergeant and regimental sergeant major. Ap-
Company at Live Oak on February xc, 1920. Served as private, pointed Second Lieutenant, Cavalry, United States Army, Sep-
sergeant, and first sergeant. Commissioned First Lieutenant, tember 16, 1918. Honorably discharged, December 28, 1918.
November 14, 1921. On February 26, 1923, was appointed Cap- Reenlisted June 6, 1919, and served in grades of private first
tain, assigned to Company E, 154th Infantry, Live Oak. Federal class, corporal, sergeant, technical sergeant, and master sergeant,
recognition in this grade from June 4, 1923. Appointed Major D. E. M. L. and Field Artillery. Honorably discharged, October
of Infantry, assigned as C. 0., Second Battalion, 124th Infantry, 20, 1935. Enlisted in xr6th Field Artillery, Florida National
May 25, 1934. Assigned as Assistant to the Adjutant General, Guard, and appointed Master Sergeant, Regimental Sergeant
in addition to other duties, June 9, 1937. Transferred to State Major, October 27, 1925. Commissioned Captain, Field Artillery,
Staff, assigned to Adjutant General's Department on August so, and assigned as Adjutant, xz6th Field Artillery, March 1, 1926.
1937. Appointed Lieutenant Colonel, A. G. D., assigned as As- Promoted to Major, Field Artillery, June 9, 1937. Transferred
sistant Adjutant General, State of Florida, May 2, 1938. Grad- .
uate of Company Officers Course (Rifle), Fort Benning, Georgia, to Finance Department, March 4, 1938, and appointed United
May 29, 1925. Attended National Rifle Matches as firing member States Property and Disbursing Officer. Appointed Lieutenant
of Florida National Guard Team in 1927 and as Team Captain Colonel, Finance Department, December 14, 1938.
in 1938.


CHARLES R. TULLY HAROLD C. WALL J. RUSSELL INGRAM
Captain First Lieutenant Captain
Assistant to Adjutant General Assistant to Adjutant General Assistant to State Q. M.























[31

















*t th .iW. 'P .










Left, Top: State Detachment in Office of the Adjutant General. Left, Bottom: Two members of Enlisted Detachment, State Staff, with Mstr. Sgt. Ralph C.
Crawford, Headquarters Company, 124th Infantry, seated at desk. Right, Left to Right, First Row: Tech. Sgt. C. L. Mickler, Staff Sgt. H. C. Pittman, Mstr.
Sgt. W. L. Wiler, SgJt. W reen, Pvt. First Class G.t. s D. Bilger. Sgt. A. J. Coffman. Second Row: Tech. Sgt. R. B. Murphy, Cpl. B. L. Hildebrand, Staff
Sgt. S. B. Smith, Sgt. W. P. Wade.

S T A T E D E TA C H M E N T

ST. AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA
The State Detachment of the Florida National attached to the Headquarters Company, 124th
Guard was Federally recognized March 10 1933, Infantry, and the member in Haines City is as-
with Captain J. B. Rousseau in command. On signed to Headquarters Second Battalion, 106th
November 1, 1937, the strength of the unit was Engineers.
increased to 15 enlisted men.
SUnder the command of Captain John Heilich, ,
The duties of the members are varied, the 10 t the a em ad Pr ts e h
men in St. Augustine being divided into two radio 106th Quartermaster Regiment, this unit rendered
operators, two assigned to administrative duties, efficient and valuable service during the Third
one to finance, and the remaining five to the sup- Army Maneuvers held in the DeSoto National
ply section. The four men in Jacksonville are Forest, Mississippi, July 31 to August 14, 1938.


Left to Right: Radio Section. Physical Examination. Corporal Walter E. Spencer and Corporal Edward E. Walker. Staff Sergeant Richard G. Pittman
and Sergeant John T. Heston.




__1i' --- ,
, II e -- :






......4 .....




.1 ee ,, .a. .- .. ., .


















*m
































MAJOR GENERAL

Commanding Thirty-first Division

Born in Lyons, lowa, November 9, 1876. Moved to Florida with he was ordered to the Twenty-seventh American Division to com-
parents in December, 1878. Graduate, East Florida Seminary mand the Fifty-third Brigade, taking over on the night of August
(State Military Academy), number one in 1894 class, with rank of 30 with the Brigade in the line in Deckaboush Lake sector between
cadet first lieutenant and battalion adjutant. Enlisted in Gaines- Ypres and Mt. Kemmel, Belgium. Commanded the troops of this
ville Guards, F. S. T., in 1895, serving as enlisted man until unit's Division which were used in the taking of Vierstraate Ridge and in
disbandment (prior to Spanish-American' War). Commissioned the assault on Wycheate Ridge, August 31 to September 2.
Captain in National Guard of Florida, September 23, 1899, and From there with the Twenty-seventh Division to the Somme Area.
assigned as Regimental Adjutant, Second Infantry. Commissioned Commanded the troops used in the preliminary attack on the
Major, 1906; Lieutenant Colonel, 1908; Colonel, 1909. Commanded Hindenburg Line September 27, 1918, and the Fifty-third Brigade
Second Florida Infantry in Mexican Border service, June, 1916, to in the main attack on September 29, 1918, and on the afternoon of
March, 1917. that day was placed in command of all the infantry of the Division.
Mustered into Federal service for the World War, August 5, Commanded his brigade in the advance after the breaking of the
1917. Appointed Brigadier General by the President, August 30, Hindenburg Line to the vicinity of Le Cateau, including the Battle
1917, and assigned to command the Fifty-sixth Depot Brigade, of the Celle River, October 17-22, 1918. On the final withdrawal
Thirty-first Division. Upon the breaking up of this Brigade in Oc- of the Twenty-seventh Division from the line, was ordered to com-
tober, 1917, he was attached to command the Fifty-sixth Artillery mand the 184th Brigade of the Ninety-second Division. Joined it
Brigade of the same division. Was assigned to command the 185th November 2, 1918, near Pont A Mousson opposite Metz, being in
Infantry Brigade, Ninety-third Provisional Division, in December, the line there at the declaration of the Armistice. Relinquished
1917, and went overseas with this Brigade in April, 1918. Sent to command of this Brigade in Brest, France, in February, 1919, and
the front three days after arrival in France and attached to the returned to the United States as troop commander on U. S. S.
Sixteenth (French Infantry Division) for observation and instruction, President Grant, with part of the Forty-first Division and casuals.
serving with them approximately ten days. Was discharged March I, 1919.
Was then attached to the Second American Division (late in A ., e d l c f
April) and served with it until June 15, 1918, when ordered at- Awarded the D. S. M., one divisional citation from Headquarters,
tached to Sixty-third Brigade, Thirty-second American Division, Twenty-seventh Division, and one citation from G. H. 9., A. E. F.
serving with it in defensive operations in the Rouge Mont sector Appointed Major General of the line and assigned to command the
in Alsace until about July 10, 1918, at which time he was ordered Thirty-first Division on October 15, 1924. Command continuous
to the Fifth American Division in the St. Die sector in Lorraine, to date. Awarded Active Service Medal, April 8, 1929. Awarded
where he commanded the north sub-sector of the line held by that Florida Cross, July 21, 1932, for meritorious service in the organiza-
Division and manned by the Sixtieth U. S. Infantry, the 137th French tion and development of the Florida National Guard, with more
Infantry, and one battalion of the First Alpine Chasseurs. On than thirty-two years service with Florida troops.
the withdrawal of the Fifth Division from the line of that sector, Is present Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
'I]























LOPER B. LOWRY JEROME A. WATERMAN
Lieutenant Colonel, Inf. (G-3) Captain, F. A., Aide







INSIGNIA
A Shoulder Sleeve Insignia, approved bh the A. G., A. E. F., March 7, 1919, consists: Within a red
circle 22 inches in diameter and 3/16 inch in width on a white disk, the red letters DD back to
back in the form of an Octagon; elements of letters I /8 inch in width.
A distinctive insignia has been adopted as a badge: Between the extremities of a blue bastioned
fort, the crest of the Alabama, Florida, Mississippi and Louisiana National Guard proper.





STI AFf OfflHCES 1ST DIVISION
(Florida Allotment)

On July 18, 1917, the War Department designated Na- January 14, 1919, and Camp Gordon, Georgia, was selected
tional Guard troops of Alabama, Florida and Georgia to as the camp for demobilization.
form the Thirty-first Division. Camp Wheeler, Macon, After the World War, the Thirty-first Division was re-
Georgia, was selected for the training camp. The Division organized as a National Guard Division and includes troops
was drafted into Federal service on August 5, 1917, under from Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi and Florida. Head-
the command of Major General Francis J. Kernan. The quarters of the Thirty-first Division, located at Bartow,
Division, officered largely from the Organized Reserve ri rci r rc ii
Corps and National Army, totaled 24,100. Florida, received Federal recognition as of october 15,
The Division moved from Camp Green, Camp Jackson, 1924, and Major General A. H. Blanding, Florida Na-
and Camp Wheeler, via Camp Mills to the ports of em- tional Guard, the present Chief of the National Guard
barkation of Brooklyn, Hoboken and New York. As a Bureau, assumed command of the Division on that date.
unit, the Thirty-first Division was in France in the latter Besides Major General Francis J. Kernan, the Division
part of September, 1918. Once in France, 'the Division Commanders during the World War period included
was broken up to be used as replacements. Although the Brigadier General John L. Hayden, Brigadier General
Division was not privileged to act as a unit, its personnel, Walter A. Harris, Major General Francis H. French, and
assigned to various organizations of the A. E. F., served Major General LeRoy S. Lyon.
well, and in many cases heroically, through the last few The Thirty-first Division assignments to Florida include
weeks of the war. This Division was known as the Dixie the Division Commander, Major General A. H. Blanding,
Division, with the motto: "It Shall Be Done." Chief of the National Guard Bureau; G-3, Assistant Chief
The return of the Division to the United States was :of Staff, Lieutenant Colonel Loper B. Lowry, and Aide,
effected during the period from November 27, 1918, to Captain Jerome A. Waterman, Field Artillery.

1 I6

















































JHi D H. S PNllED




Commanding One Hundred and Sixth Quartermaster Regiment


Enlisted Troop C, Third Cavalry, April 30, 1900. Honorably gium, Italy, and Germany, 1918-1919. Assistant to Military At-
discharged, April 29, 1903. Served in Philippine Insurrection, July tachee, Rome, Italy, 1919. Received citation for meritorious serv-
14, 1900, to June 22, 1902. Re-enlisted in Troop A, Second Cavalry, ices Commander in Chief, A. E. F., 1919. Duty with National
July 7, 1903. Discharged July 6, 1906. Served in Philippine Islands Museum, Washington, D. C., 1920. Honorably discharged as Major,
February 18, 1904, to January 5, 1906. Appointed Squadron Ser- Quartermaster Corps, October 20, 1920. Re-enlisted Senior Grade
geant Major, First Squadron, Second Cavalry, December 23, 1906. Quartermaster Sergeant, October 30, 1920. Retired from active
Discharged and re-enlisted July 7, 1909, in the Second Cavalry. service, May 15, 1921. Promoted to Major, Retired List Regular
Served in the Ute Indian disturbance, South Dakotd. 1907. Ap- Army, by act of Congress, May 7, 1932. Appointed Captain of
pointed Post Quartermaster Sergeant, November, 1911. Discharged Infantry, Florida National Guard, September 14, 1921.. Designated
and re-enlisted, July 7, 1912. Served in the Philippine Islands U. S. P. & D. O., October 6, 1921. Appointed State Quarter-
from January 3, 1910, to May 15, 1915. Participated in skirmishes master, Florida, September 14, 1921.
with hostile Moros in Jolo in 1911. Discharged and re-enlisted, Promoted to Major, Quartermaster Corps, Florida National
July 7, 1915. Appointed Senior Grade Quartermaster Sergeant, Guard, October 31, 1921. Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, Quar-
Quartermaster Corps, March 23, 1917. Instructor in Quartermaster termaster Corps, Florida National Guard; June 13, 1924. Appointed
Corps School, Philadelphia, Pa., 1917. Division Quartermaster, Thirty-first Division (Dixie Division), June 5,
Appointed Captain, Quartermaster Corps, August 6, 1917. Des- 1924. Relieved U. S. P. & D. O., February 12, 1938. Relieved
ignated as an Executive Officer, Camp Johnston, Florida, October, State Quartermaster, November I, 1938. Awarded Purple Heart
1917. Relieved, 1918. Administrative Division, Office of the Quar- Ifor meritorious services with A. E. F. Diploma Command and Gen-
termaster General, 1918. Promoted to Major in Quartermaster eral Staff, Extension Course, 1938. Certificate of Proficiency,
Corps, July 6, 1918. Served with A. E. F. in England, France, Bel- Fourth Corps Area Command Staff School, 1939.
[8]
E 8


























V.






MARK W. LANCE JOHN HEILICH
Major. Commanding Second Captain, Adjutant
Battalion



STAFF -AND UNIT OFFICERS

ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTH QUARTERMASTER REGIMENT
(Florida Allotment)
(Continued from page 7)
1, 1936. Company "F," organized as the 106th Motor- in the Third Army Maneuvers in DeSoto National Park,
cycle Company, June 17, 1926, was redesignated as Com- Mississippi,, July 31 to August 14, 1938. During these
pany "F," 106th Quartermaster Regiment, Alabama Na- maneuvers, the Regiment performed the normal functions
tional Guard, May 1, 1936. of Supply and Transportation for the Thirty-first Division.
. Due to the dispersion of its units, the 106th Quarter. For these services, it received the commendation of the
master Regiment was never assembled until it participated Division Commander, Brigadier General L. F. Guerre.


JULIAN F. PFAFF
JOHN W. SNYDER First Lieutenant, Adjutant. Second JOSEPH M. INGRAM
Captain, Company C Battalion, Headquarters Staff Second Lieutenant, Company C


















1[9









0.
















7,_C-










SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
FIRST Row: C. F. Riggle, G. L. Reier, J. F. Armstrong, L. H. Captain . . . JOHN W. SNYDER
Williams, H. C. Buckland, R. P. McRae, E. C. Cook, M. J. Kin- Second Lieutenant . . JOSEPH M. INGRAM
nebrew, R. H. Mizelle, V. W. Rawls.
SECOND Row: B. R. Witherington, B. H. Harris, J. L. Niven, NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
D. E. Burner, A. W. Monk, R. A. Wells, W. P. Phillips, A. J. First Sergeant . . .. WILLIAM J. GAINES
Luten, E. C. Mann, E. M. Pierce, H. F. Rowe, T. E. McClamma.
SERGEANTS
BUCKLAND, HARRY C. MIZELLE, ROBERT H.
COOK, EDWARD C. REIER, GARLAND L.
KINNEBREW, MELVIN J. RIGGLE, CHARLES F.
MCRAE, ROY P. WILLIAMS, LONNIE H.

CORPORALS
SARMSTRONG, JENNINGS F. GRUBER, RALPH H.
CONNORS, WILLIAMS G. RAWLS, VIRGIL W.
SROCKWOOD, PERRY W.

PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
CROFT, ORSON J. MARSH, PRESTON C.
GEORGE, ALFORD T. MCCLAMMA, THOMAS E.
HARRIS, BENJAMIN H. MONK, DRAIN W.
HESTER, WILLIAM H.- NIVEN, JOSEPH L.
KIVI,. HANS E. PHILIPS, WILLIAM D.
LAMAR, WORTH W. ROWE, HAROLD F.
S. WITHERINGTON, BEATEN R.

PRIVATES
ARSENAULT, GEORGE A. GATLIN, FRED L.
BETHEA, WINSTON M. HARRISON, PIILLIP W.
BRAZIL, WALTER P. HARVEY, VALLEY F.
BURNER, ALPHEUS W. HAWARAII, ABRAHAM G.

S eco d CAMERON, JAMES HOU.GHTON, FRANK B.



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTH QUARTERMASTER

[10]
















QHRRIERMMHXIE REHMENT

The following coat of arms for the 106th Quartermaster Regiment, Lou-
isiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida National Guard, was approved
under the provisions of Par. 5, AR 260-10:
SHIELD: Per bend sanguine and buff, to chief a prickly pear cactus, to
base a fleur-de-lis all argent.
CRESTS: Those for the regiments of the Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama,
and Florida National Guard, in the following order:
LOUISIANA: On a wreath of the colors (argent and sanguine) a
pelican in her piety affronte with three young in nest, argent
armed and vulned proper.
/ MISSISSIPPI: On a wreath of the colors (argent and sanguine) a
r slip of magnolia full flower with leaves proper behind a trident
sable.
ALABAMA: On a wreath of the colors (argent and sanguine) a
slip of cotton plant with full bursting boll proper.
FLORIDA: On a wreath of the colors (argent and sanguine) an
alligator statant proper.
MOTTO: Pret d'accomplir (Ready to accomplish).

The 106th Quartermaster Regiment was organized in Company "B," organized as the 123rd Motor Trajport
January, 1924, as the Thirty-first Division Quartermaster Company, December 3, 1924, was redesignated as Com-
Train, in the National Guard of Florida, Alabama, Mis- pany "B," 106th Quartermaster Regiment, Louisiana Na-
sissippi and Louisiana, and was redesignated as the 106th tional Guard, on May 12, 1936. Headquarters, Second
Quartermaster Regiment, May 1, 1936. It is entitled to a Battalion, was organized and recognized in the Florida
streamer in the colors of the Victory ribbon, without in- National Guard, May 21, 1936. Company "C," organized
scription, to commemorate the services of Companies "A" as the 220th Motor Transport Company, April 27, 1921,
and "D" (one-third of the lettered companies of the Regi- was redesignated the 124th Motor Transport Company,
ment) during the World War. January 1, 1928, and as Company "C," 106th Quarter-
Headquarters was organized June 13, 1924, as Quarter- master Regiment, Florida National Guard, May 19, 1936.
master Section, Headquarters, Thirty-first Division, and Company "D," organized in June, 1916, as the First
redesignated as Headquarters, 106th Quartermaster Regi- Ambulance Company, Alabama National Guard, was mus-
ment, Florida National Guard, May 19, 1936. Headquar. tered into Federal service on July 2, 1916, for the Mexican
ters Company and the Medical Detachment were organized Border duty and mustered out February 2, 1917. It was
and recognized in the Mississippi National Guard on June again mustered into Federal service on April 2, 1917, for
1, 1936, while Headquarters, First Battalion, was organized the World War, expanded into the 121st, 122nd, 123rd,
and recognized in the Louisiana National Guard, May 12, and 124th Ambulance Companies, 106th Sanitary Train, in
1936. September, 1917. It served overseas with the Thirty-first
Company "A," organized in July, 1917, as Troop "E," Division, returned to the United States and was demobilized
Second Separate Squadron Cavalry, Mississippi National June 2, 1919. It was reorganized as the 140th Ambulance
Guard, was mustered into Federal service on August 9, Company, April 1, 1922, redesignated as the 116th Ambu-
1917, and redesignated as Company "F," 114th Supply lance Company, January 16, 1924, converted into the
Train, serving in France with the Thirty-ninth Division. Eleventh Wagon Company, March 24, 1934, converted into
After the Armistice, the personnel was transferred to other the 121st Motor Transport Company, September 1, 1934,
units, the records returned to the United States by cadre, and redesignated as Company "D," 106th Quartermaster
and the unit demobilized on January 23, 1919. It was re- Regiment, Alabama National Guard, May 1, 1936.
organized April 21, 1922, as the 154th Motor Transport Headquarters, Third Battalion, was organized and recog-
Company, redesignated as the 122nd Motor Transport nized in the Alabama National Guard, June 4, 1936. Com-'
Company, January 29, 1924, and as Company "A," 106th pany "E," organized as the Eleventh Motor Repair Section,
Quartermaster Regiment, Mississippi National Guard, May June 19, 1924, was redesignated as Company "E," 106th
13, 1936. Quartermaster Regiment, Alabama National Guard, May
(Continued on page 9)
[71














STATE OF FLORIDA
DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AFFAIRS
OFFICE OF THE ADJUTANT GENERAL




POST OFFICE BOX 1008
STATE ARSENAL, ST. AUGUSTINE
32085-1008





The special Archives Publication Series of the Historical
Services Division are produced as a service to Florida
communities, historians, and to any other individuals, historical
or geneological societies, and national or regional governmental
agencies which find the information contained herein of use or
value.

At present, only a very limited number of copies of these
publications are produced and are provided to certain state and
national historical record repositories at no charge. Any
remaining copies are provided to interested parties on a first
come, first served basis. It is hoped these publications will
soon be reproduced and made available to a wider public through
the efforts of the Florida National Guard Historical Foundation
Inc.

Information about the series is available from the Historical
Services Division, Department of Military Affairs, State Arsenal,
St. Augustine, Florida.


Robert Hawk
Director









FLORIDA STATE DEPOSITORIES

State documents are distributed to the following depository libraries and are available
to Florida citizens for use either in the libraries or on interlibrary loan, subject to
each library's regulations. An asterisk (*) indicates libraries that are obligated to
give interlibrary loan service. Requests should be directed to the nearest repository.

Bay County Public Library (1968) *State Library of Florida (1968)
25 West Government Street Documents Section
Panama City, Florida 32402 R. A. Gray Building
Tallahassee, Florida 323 9-0250
Bay Vista Campus Library (1982)
Documents Department Stetson University (1968)
Florida International University Dupont-Ball Library
North Miami, Florida 33181 Deland, Florida 32720-3769

Broward County Division of Libraries (1968) Jacksonville University (1968)
100 South Andrews Avenue Carl S. Swisher Library
Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33301 University Blvd., North
Jacksonville, Florida 32211
Cocoa Public Library (1968)
430 Delannoy Avenue *Tampa-Hillsborough County Public (1968
Cocoa, Florida 32922 Library System
900 North Ashley Street
*Florida Atlantic University (1968) Tampa, Florida 33602
Library
P. 0. Box 3092 *University of Central Florida (1968)
Boca Raton, Florida 33431 Library
Post Office Box 25000
*Florida International University (1971) Orlando, Florida 32816-0666
Documents Section
Tamiami Campus Library Tamiami Trail *University of Florida Library (1968)
Miami, Florida 33199 Documents Department
Gainesville, Florida 32611
*Florida State University Library (1968)
Documents Maps Division *University of Miami Library (1968)
Tallahassee, Florida 32306 Gov't Publications
P. 0. Box 248214
*Jacksonville Public Library (1968) Coral Gables, Florida 33124
122 North Ocean Street
Jacksonville, Florida 32202 *University of North Florida Library
Documents Division
*Miami-Dade Public Library (1968) Post Office Box 17605
101 West Flagler Street Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Miami, Florida 33130-1504
*University of South Florida (1968)
*Ocala Public Library (1972) Library Special Collections
15 Southeast Osceola Avenue 4204 Fowler Avenue
Ocala, Florida 32671 Tampa, Florida 33620

Orange County Library District (1968) University of West Florida (1968)
101 East Central Boulevard Documents John Pace Library
Orlando, Florida 32801 Pensacola, Florida 32514-5750

St. Petersburg Public Library (1968) Wt Pm B P L
3745 Ninth Avenue, North West Palm Beach Public Library (1968,
3745 Ninth Avenue, NorthClematis
St. Petersburg, Florida 33713 100 Clematis
West Palm Beach, Florida 33401

Rev. 1-7-89






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THIS COPY
OF THE
NATIONAL GUARD
HISTORICAL ANNUAL
STATE OF FLORIDA

IS PRESENTED

To
By

1939




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THIS CERTIFIES
THAT




AS OF THIS DATE
JANUARY 1, 1959
IS A MEMBER OF



Commanding Officer
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A. OF THI DAT
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HISTORICAL ANNUAL




NATIONAL GUARD
of the

STATE OF FLORIDA

1959














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P -4 ST. AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA

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Historic Landmark.

Changing the Guard.
Arch.
Chapel.

Watch Tower.










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Panama City




PLANT CITY ARMORY





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Gun and Motor Garage Caretaker's Lodge











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Lakeland I
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Haines City

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Lieutenant Colonel Robert G. White,
Assistant Adjutant General and Ex-
ecutive Officer.


Lieutenant Colonel George E. Grace, 7
Finance Officer, U. S. P. & D. 0.



Captain John Heilich, Commanding
State Detachment, Assistant U. S. P.
& D. 0.



First Lieutenant Owen W. Griffin, 124th
Infantry, Secretary to the Adjutant
General.








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To the Officers and Enlisted Men
of the Florida National Guard:

It is hoped that this historical annual will not only be a source of pride to
all members of the Florida National Guard, but a valuable medium through
which the people of Florida may become better acquainted with the service
and value of the State's military forces.
The State looks to you for the maintenance of those high and patriotic
ideals which are indispensable attributes of a dependable protective force,
and which have always been characteristics of the Florida soldier. I con-
gratulate you upon your outstanding military accomplishments.
As Commander-in-Chief of the State's armed forces, I send official greetings
and best wishes to each officer and enlisted man.




Governor and Commander-in-Chief.





[II I























As we scan the pages of this pictorial annual of the Florida National Guard
we feel a sense of growingpride. Included here are the likenesses of many
officers and enlisted men who have served with us in times of danger and
who, under most trying circumstances, have conducted themselves according
to the best traditions of the service.

That the Florida National Guard is recognized by military authorities as an
efficient and dependable force, is due to the willing and intelligent coopera-
tion of this group of Florida's finest men, who patriotically assume military
service as an obligation of citizenship.

We know that this book will be a long-cherished possession to those of us
who still "follow the flag." We feel also that such citizens of the state as
may on occasion review its contents, will possess a heartening sense. of se-
curity in the knowledge that this highly-trained group of men stands always
ready to answer any call in the alleviation of suffering, if disaster should
overtake us, or in defending and upholding the principles of law and order
from within or without as necessity demands.






Brigadier General, Florida National Guard,
THE ADJUTANT GENERAL.

















































































Entered Florida State Troops is Second Lieutenant, Coast Artillery, July 21, 1908. Promoted I I A
to Captain, February 17, 1909, and commanded First Company, Coast Artillery Corps. Resigned, IA N C O L L IN S
September 11, 1912. Commissioned First Lieutenant, Second Floiida Infantry, August 19, 1913,
assigned to Company "F." Promoted to Captain of Infantry, December 26, 1913, assigned to
command Company "F," Second Florida Infantry. Promoted to Major and assigned to command BRIGADIER GENERAL
Second Battalion, Second Florida Infantry, November 29, 1914. Inducted into Federal service
(Mexican Border service), June 5, 1916, until April 17, 1917.
Inducted into Federal service (World War), August 5, 1917. Commanded Second Battalion.
124th Infantry, Thirty-first Division, at Camp Wheeler, Georgia. Detached and attended special FLORIDA NATIONAL
Field Officers' School at Langres, France, September 9, 1918. Transferred to command First
Battalion, 154th Infantry, Thirty-seventh Division, January 1, 1919. Mustered out of Federal GUARD
service, April 30, 1919.
Aided in reorganizing the Florida National Guard after the World War. Appointed Lieutenant
Colonel and Executive Officeq, 124th Infantry, May 9, 1921. Promoted to Colonel, commanding
the Regiment, September 30, 1925. Appointed Adjutant General and promoted to Brigadier Gen-
eral, June 25, 1928. Service continuous to date. More than twenty-eight years service with TI H E
Florida trops. Graduate, Infantry S.hool of Arms. Served as Divisional Instructor in Musketry
during Camp Wheeler concentration in 1918. Graduatre, Field Officers School, Langres, France.
Awarded Florida Cross for meritorious service in command of National Guard troops at Miami,
Florida, incident to the hurricane disaster of 1926. A *X4 4 qe w6
irl












PED L flnNltL OF


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Military Department Building.



Brigadier General Vivian Collins, the
Adjutant General.

77-
The Adjutant General's Office Person-
nel.


Major James B. Rousseau, Assistant to
the Adjutant General.
. . ,



































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HISTORY OF


CAMP J. CLIFFORD R. FOSTER


LOCATION AND AREA WATER
The site of the Florida camp grounds and rifle range Water is supplied from a 10-inch artesian well,
was selected by a commission appointed by act of the driven to a depth of 720 feet. This well has an esti-
Florida Legislature of 1905. This commission visited mated flow of 2,500,000 gallons per day. The water
various sections of the State and inspected a large is reasonably soft, palatable and healthful.
number of sites that were proposed, finally deciding
upon the location near Yukon, Duval County, Florida, THE RIFLE RANGE
as being most suitable because of its healthfulness,
The plan of constructing a large rifle range adjacent
general physical characteristics and central location The plan of conducting a large rifle rane adjacent
with relation to means of transportation. The original to the camp grounds was adopted in pursuance of a
tract acquired by the State consisted of 300 acres. As resolution adopted by the National Board for the Pro-
additional land was at that time available, and as it motion of Rifle Practice, which advocated the estab-
was deemed desirable that there should be a well lishment of a large range in each State, of sufficient
equipped and suitable rifle range immediately adjacent size and capacity to provide for the training of the
to the camp grounds, the approval of the War De- entire National Guard of such States, and civilians
apartment was secured of a plan by which additional as well. The Florida range at the time of its con-
land should be acquired by purchase from Federal struction was second only in size to tha range at Camp
funds allotted for the equipment and support of the Perry, Ohio; being equipped with 150 targets, in
organized militia of this State, and set aside for the groups of 50 in echelon and with firing points at 200,
promotion of rifle practice. In pursuance of this policy, 300, 600 and 1,000 yards; pistol and machine gun
purchases were made for the Federal Government as targets have subsequently been added with "temporary
follows: August 10, 1907, tract of 400 acres; Septem- appointments." The firing direction on the Florida
ber 11, 1908, two tracts, one of 85 and the other of
range is a few degrees east of north, and firing condi-
108 1-3 acres, and November 18, 1913, 100 acres.
tions and all range equipment and accessories are
The total area of both Federal and of State owned i r iiin r
ideal. The Army Divisional Matches were held on
land is 993 1-3 acres. It is located eight miles from the i r i i
this range in 1914, and the National Matches in 1915
City of Jacksonville by (well-paved) road and seven
and 1916.
and a half miles by water.
WORLD WAR USE
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS During the World War this camp site was con-
In its original state this was a beautiful tract of verted into one of the Nation's largest cantonments
land, heavily wooded and a natural park, extending, in and occupied as a Quartermaster Corps Training
peninsular form, from the west shore of the St. Johns Camp, with a large remount station. It was then
River. It is ornamented with a magnificent growth designated Camp Joseph E. Johnston.
of magnolia and oak trees, and even without artificial
beautification could just be described as one of the FACILITIES
most attractive natural parks in the South. High Modern kitchens and latrines have been constructed
bluffs overlook the St. Johns River on three.sides and for the accommodation of a brigade of Infantry. At-
its favorable location in this respect adds much to the tractive administration building, officers club, ware-
comfort of the camp during the summer season when houses, caretaker quarters, swimming pool, post ex-
field exercises are usually held. The land is high, with change building, and dance pavilion are also part of
sandy soil and good natural drainage, the camp.

[XIV]








1- :,."'
























PRIVATES SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH
LUTEN, HENRY A. POPE, ROY H., JR. FIRST Row: A. G. Hawarah, H. E. Kivi, G. A. Arsenault,
MANN, EVERETT C. PRIVETT, PARK D. W. D. Corners, P. W. Rockwood, W. W. Lamar, W. J. Gaines,
MERRILL, CHESTER E., JR. RANEY, THOMAS L. T. L. Raney, F. L. Gatlin, R. H. Pope, Jr., P. D. Privett.
MITCHELL, JOSEPH D. RUDD, PAUL H. SECOND Row: W. H. Hester, T. J. Sabiston, A. T. George, P.
MULLINS, JIM L., JR. SABISTON, THOMAS J. C. Marsh, A. W. Burner, J. D. Mitchell, P. H. Sweat, W. F.
Harvey, J. Mullins, C. E. Merrill, Jr., J. Cameron, R. C. Nobles.
NOBLES, RICHARD C. SWEAT, PAUL H.
PIERCE, ELDREDGE M. TOUCHTON, REMER Y.
WELLS, ROBERT A.
with the 106th Engineers. Again in 1937, the company
attended field training at Fort McClellan, being attached
FACTUAL HISTORY to the 62nd Infantry Brigade. At this camp the corn-
Company "C" was Federally recognized on April 27, pany for the first time served with another unit of the
1921, as the 121st Motor Transport Company, 31st Di- 106th Quartermaster Regiment, Company "D" of Ramer,
vision Train. The organization was later redesignated as Alabama, the other company of the Second Battalion.
the 220th Motor Transport Company, and again redesig- Major Mark Lance, Battalion Commander, was in com-
nated the early part of 1938 as the 124th Motor Trans- mand. With the other units of the regiment, the com-
port Company, stationed at Jacksonville, Florida. Upon pany took part in the Third Army Maneuvers at DeSoto
formation of the 106th Quartermaster Regiment, this National Forest, near Biloxi, Mississippi, from July 31
company was designated Company "C" on May 12, 1936. to August 14, 1938, gaining great benefit in training, with
This organization attended annual field training en- resultant hopes of participating in another such movement
campments with the 124th Infantry, FNG, from 1921 in the near future. The 1939 encampment will find this
through 1935. The assigned motor equipment during these organization again training at Camp J. Clifford Foster,
years consisted of 14 Liberty trucks. In 1915, new 1y2- for the first time since 1935.
ton Chevrolet trucks were received by the State and the This organization is proud of the fact that practically
company has operated these trucks since that date. every Sergeant on the roll at the present time has seven
In 1936, the company left the an ft t state for encampment or more years service to his credit, proving the interest
for the first time, serving at Fort McClellan, Alabama, and good fellowship prevailing in the company.



REGIMENT, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA

[i1]







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Room. (4) Non-Commissioned Officers. (5) Supply Room. (6) Head-










IOBIH M I REIH MENI

Stc4 a#ud l4ml Qcjfeice.e
(FLORIDA ALLOTMENT)










CORREN P. YOUMANS
Lieutenant Colonel, Regimental Staff

The 106th Medical Regiment is composed of troops 28, 1936, with the appointment of Captain Anees
from Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama, Mogabgab to the grade of Colonel in command.
with regimental headquarters at New Orleans, Louisi- On January 1, 1937, the companies in the Regiment
ana. The Florida allotment consists of two regimental were redesignated, including the Florida unit. The
officers and Company "F," which is located at Fort 118th Ambulance Company, 106th Medical Regiment,
Myers, with Captain Baker Whisnant in command St. Petersburg, was redesignated as Company "F,"
and First Lieutenant Arthur D. McLean assisting him.
orren P. Y an Lieutenant A r D. MLean assisting h. 106th Medical Regiment, but it was transferred to the
Corren P. Youmans, Lieutenant Colonel, stationed Field Artillery, and on January 13, 1937, Headquar
at Miami, and Shuler H. Etheredge, Major, stationed Field Artillery, and on January 13, 1937, Headquar-
at Tampa, are the two regimental officers assigned to ters Battery, 116th Field Artillery, Fort Myers, was
Florida. converted to Company "F," 106th Medical Regiment.
The history of the Regiment, through the various The entire Regiment attended the encampment in
units that went into its organization, can be traced 1937 at Camp J. Clifford R. Foster,. Jacksonville,
back many years. The headquarters of the Regiment, Florida. In 1938, it took part in the Third Army
though, was organized and Federally recognized July Maneuvers at DeSoto National Forest, Mississippi.

SHULER H. ETHEREDGE BAKER WHISNANT ARTHUR D. McLEAN
Major, Regimental Staff Captain, Company F First Lieutenant, M. A. C., Company F













[13]









'" .









, ..).- T <4 V "I















SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
FIRST Row: V. N. Kantz, A. B. Sumner, H. E. Gibbs, H. C. Captain . . . BAKER WHISNANT
Raulerson, C. W. Johnson, M. H. Infinger, A. L. Hord, H. A. First Lieutenant . . ARTHUR D. McLEAN
Ford, F. Skinner.
SECOND Row: G. R. Herington, J. W. Roan, C. E. Hall, D. F. NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
Lessey, F. C. Campbell, G. F. Futral, C. R. Forbes, G. McGee, First Sergeant . . RICHARD B. BOWDEN
W\. B. Cowart, J. T. Roberts.
SERGEANTS
GILBERT, SAMUEL S. POWERS, CHARLES J.
MATHIS, NOLAN S. SANTINI, JOSEPH G.

CORPORALS
BENNETT, WALTER E. HISLER, CHARLES C.

PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
CAIN, LESTER J. McGEE, WESLEY E.
COWART, WILLIAM B, PENNINGTON, HARRY W.
HALL, CHARLES E. RAULERSON, HERMAN C.
HENDERSON, JAMES J. SPARKS, HENRY E.
HOGAN, SIMON P. SUMNER, ALBERT B.

PRIVATES
BARTLESON, MARK F. HALL, TOM J.
BROUGHT, THOMAS G. HANCHEY, HOMER L.
CAMPBELL, FRED C. HERINGTON, GILBERT R.
CHANDLER, ANDREW L. HORD, ALFRED L.
S| FORBES, CLAUDE R. INFINGER, MARK H.
I FORD, HENRY A. JOHNSON, CHARLES W.
I FUTRAL, GEORGE F. KANTZ, VOLNEY N.
FUTRAL, RAY W. KERSEY, ALLEN G.
GIBBS, HARRY E. LESSEY, DANIEL F.
GRISSETTE, GUY R. MAKER, EDWARD F.



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTH MEDICAL REGIMENT

[ 14














S" 1 .. '.


%: I















PRIVATES SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH
MCGEE, GORDON ROAN, JOHN W. FIRST Row: W. E. McGee, W. E. Bennett, J. G. Santini, R.
MURPHY, FRANCIS L. ROBERTS, JOHN T. B. Bowden, S. S. Gilbert, C. J. Powers, H. E. Sparks, H. W.
NAYLOR, WALLACE E. RUSSELL, JERRY C. Pennington.
NYE, ALFRED SAPP, CHARLES H. SECOND Row: E. F. Maker, A. G. Kersey, A. Nye, J. C. Rus-
POPE, EDGAR O. SKINNER, FRED sell, G. R. Grissette, E. O. Pope, A. L. Chandler, T. G. Brought,
WHITAKER, ROY J. S. P. Hogan, T. J. Hall, H. L Hanchey.



FACTUAL HISTORY Besides Captain Sherwood, other commanders of the

First organized as 118th Ambulance Company, 106th unit have been Captain Elmer M. Jenkins, Lieutenant
Medical Regiment, at St. Petersburg, Florida, on April George H. Craven (later Captain), Lieutenant William
15, 1936, this unit was redesignated as Company "F," G. Gibson (later Captain, retired as Major), and Captain
Baker Whisnant.
106th Medical Regiment, on January 1, 1937, and con-
verted to Headquarters Battery, 116th Field Artillery, on The organization was in State service after the 1926
January 13, 1937. At the same time, Headquarters Bat- and 1928 storms, which hit the Lake Okechobee region,
tery, 116th Field Artillery, with station at Fort Myers, was and during the trial of a Negro for rape in Hendry
converted to Company "F," 106th Medical Regiment. County, Florida, in 1935. During the 1926 relief duty,
Headquarters Battery, 116th Field Artillery, (Animal the Battery was the first organization to arrive and render
Drawn), was first organized at Fort Myers, Florida, on aid. It reestablished communication with the outside world.
October 24, 1923, by Captain Horace M. Sherwood and Wires and poles were gone, but in 12 hours messages
a group of ex-wartime soldiers. It was mustered into were being sent and received without interruption. The
the service by General Vivian Collins, who at that time Battery performed this and other duties for 14 days, then
was a Lieutenant Colonel. the commercial companies had their services in operation
again.
The unit took part in the Third Army Maneuvers,

FO RT M YERS, FLO RIDA DeSoto National Forest, in 1938.
[(15





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COAT OF ARMS: Approved April 12, 1927; amended July 25, 1931.
SHIELD: Per fess indented argent and gules, in chief a fleur-de-lis azure.
CRESTS: Th oe for regiments of Mississippi and Florida National Guard.
MOTTO: Virtute Et Armis (By valor and arms).
DESCRIPTION: The shield is white and red, the CE colors, and the
partition line is indented (a saw-tooth line) to indicate the regi-
ment is a combat unit; the fleur-de-lis represents service in
France.
DISTINCTIVE INSIGNIA: Approved April 12, 1927. Shield and motto
of coat of arms.
STREAMERS AUTHORIZED: World War-Mause-Argonne.
JAMES P. COOMBS
Lieutenant Colonel, 106th Engineers, Executive Officer

The 106th Engineers had its beginning during the Entered Florida National Guard and served as private and sergeant
World War when it was organized as the 114th Engineers, in Company "L," First Florida Infantry, October 11, 1910. Pro-
39th Division, from Company "A," Engineers, on Sep- moted to First Lieutenant, Infantry, January 25, 1912. Promoted to
Captain, Commanding Company "L," April 19, 1912. Promoted to
member 27, 1917, and new units then or subsequently or- Major, January 8, 1915. Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, July 15,
ganized. This organization participated in the Meuse- 1916. Resigned upon disbandment of regiment, June 5, 1917.



units organized largely from the personnel of the First Engineers, 31st Division at Camp Wheeler, Ga. Attended Field
units of the First Officers Service School at Langres, France. Commanded 106th
Florida National Guard. It served in France, but not in Engineers at Brest, France. Honorably discharged September 15,
actual combat, then was mustered out on July 12, 1919. 1919. Entered reorganized Florida National Guard as Captain,
Reorganized as 114th Engineers in 1921-1922, it was re- commanding Company "E," 106th Engineers, February 3, 1927.
designated the 106th Engineers on January 29, 1924. The Promoted to Major, May 11, 1928. Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel
World War 106th Engineers organization was reconstituted and Executive Officer of Regiment, March 1, 1934.
and a consolidation effected on October 9, 1926.
The Second Battalion of the 106th Engineers is in
Florida, with the rest located in Mississippi. Headquarters The 106th Engineers has received nine commendations
of the Second Battalion, Company "D," Company "E," in the last four years, one from the Chief of Engineers,
Company "F," and the Medical Detachment have home one from the Chief of the Map Reproduction Plant, and
stations in Florida. Lieutenant Colonel James P. Coombs, several each from the Chief of the National Guard Bureau,
Apalachicola, Florida, is a member of the Regimental Staff. Corps Area Commander, and the Adjutants General of
Priding itself on its "esprit de corps" and morale, this Florida and Mississippi.
St 1 T h During the 1938 Third Army Maneuvers, the Regiment
organization has never held a summary court. No charges During the 18 Third Army Maneuvers, the Regiment
gave assistance wherever needed, maintaining roads and
have ever been preferred against either officer or enlisted supplying water under great difficulties. The men's zeal
man, and no one has been confined in the guard house or and attention to duty and eagerness to work on through
in quarters for seven years. The Regiment also prides the rest periods were very commendable. Their objective
itself upon having always carried out its field training is to do the job thoroughly and efficiently regardless of any
program in its entirety. obstacles.

(171










Oj/ice"






106/M Ch#inees



LIONEL E. ROBINSON
Major, Commanding

















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HIRAM W. SPERRY JAMES A. FORT, JR. BERNARD E. FULGHUM HERBERT 0. MARSHALL
Captain, Company D Captain, Company F First Lieutenant, Company D First Lieutenant, Company E






JESSE V. SMITH ALEXANDER H. MILLER JAMES M. HENRY JOSEPH S. BURROWS HARRY T. MOREHEAD
Second Lieutenant, Adjutant Second Lieutenant, Company D Second Lieutenant, Company E Second Lieutenant, Company F Second Lieutenant, Company F







,- '
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COMPANY D
SECOND BATTALION
AI '.
ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTH
ENGINEERS
PANAMA CITY, FLORIDA

(I) Gas Mask Instruction. (2) Anti-Aircraft Defense. (3)
Non-Commissioned Officers. (4) Physical Training. (5) Con-
struction. (6) Supply Room. (7) Informal Gathering Around '
Fireplace. -




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SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
FIRsr Row: S. NV. Blackburn, R. L. McCall, II. T. Sorenson, Captain . . . HIRAM W. SPERRY
L. E. Stevens, M. S. Kennedy, A. F. Titus, F. Vickers. First Lieutenant . . BERNARD E. FULGuUM
SECOND Row: C. C. Hubbard, L. Emanual, Jr., J. utchin-
son, T. L. Wilkes, N. G. Goss, C. F. Brown, W. 0. Wilson, NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
0. L. Duncan, A. L. Lee. First Sergeant GROVER C. AUHMOODY
THIRD Row: P. W. Gore, G. J. Gainer, H. B. Hayes, F. P. Staff Sergeant . . HUBERT T. MALOY
Peach, E. R. Gray, Maloy, J. A. Sorenson, W. II. Masker,
G. M. Adams. SERGEANTS
BLACKBURN, SAMUEL W. SORENSON, HENRY T.
SI KENNEDY, MARTIN S. STEPHENS, LEO E.
FI.T McCALL, RUSSELL L. TITUS, ARTMUR F.
Ste VICKERS, FRED

CORPORALS
SBRYANT, FRED C. JENNINGS, WILLIAM H.
SECOND CHAMPION, JAMES L. JOYNER, CHARLES L.
ST. i HAGAN, LONNIE W. SCHIVER, COLON L.

PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
SARD, WALTER L. MOLOY, BASWELL D.
BROWN, CHARLES F. MAYO, JAMES F.
CAMPBELL, LAYMON C. MOZLEY, HUGu A.
MANUAL, DALLAS R. PEACH, FRED P.

HUBBARD, CARY C. SORENSON, JOHN A.
JACOBS, LLOYD D. WEEKS, DANIEL R.
PRIVATES
I | ADAMS, GEORGE M. Cox, SAM S., JR.
ADAMS, JOHN B. DUNCAN, OLEN L.
BROWN, CHARLES E. EMANUAI., D. L., JR.
BRYANT, L. E. GAINER, GuY J.
S c *i CLANTON, JAMES E. GORE, PHILIP W.
CANTON, TOM GRAY, ELMER R.
JACox, COYD D. GSS, NEIL G.



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTH ENGINEERS

t201














JJ
















-0 1.




PRIVATES SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH
GWALTNEY, RANDALL R. MOODY, DAVID P. FIRST Row: G. C. Auchmoody, 11. T. Maloy, M. Jernigan, J.
HAYES, HENRY B. MOSELEY, JOE E. L. Champion, W. H. Jennings, C. L. Schiver, F. C. Bryant,
HOLBROOK, FRANK M., JR. O'DONNELL, EDWIN J. C. L. Joyner, H. C. Smith.
HOLMAN, RUFUS PRESLEY, JOHN T.
HUTCHISON, JUSTUS RIGELL, JOSEPH S. SECOND Row: F. M. Holbrook, Jr., J. T. Presley, T. Clanton,
JERNIGAN, MAXWELL ROLLINS, JAMES A. H. E. Skipper, J. B. Adams, D. R. Emanual, W. L. Ard, L .E.
JOHNSON, ROBERT L. SKIPPER, HARRY E. Bryant, J. S. Rigell.
JOYNER, RAYMOND D. SULLIVAN, DANIEL M.
LEE, AMMIE L. THOMPSON, JAMES T. THIRD Row: E. J. O'Donnell, D. M. Sullivan, L. C. Campbell,
MASKER, WILLIAM H. WILKES, TIMOTHY L. J. F. Mayo, D. R. Weeks, J. T. Thompson, B. D. Moloy, J. M.
MALOY, HOMER E. WILSON, WILLIAM 0. Hooten, R. L. Johnson.



FACTUAL HISTORY Freeman, Jr. Captain Hiram W. Sperry, having corn-

Company "D," 106th Engineers, Panama City, manded Company "E," 106th Engineers, at Apalachi-
Florida, was organized and Federally recognized on cola, Florida, for the period November 20, 1932, to
December 5, 1922, with Captain M. B. Hawkins as March 17, 1937, was transferred to command Corn-
the first commanding officer. Following Captain pany "D," 106th Engineers, Panama City. He is
Hawkins were Captains R. J. Bennett, A. S. Brake, assisted by Lieutenant B. E. Fulghum and Lieutenant
and Lieutenant Coy C. Rushing, Captain Brake hav- A. H. Miller. The organization has been maintained
ing served the longest period, from 1928 to 1935. continuously since first organized at Panama City, has
Lieutenant Rushing served until March 18, 1937, at attended every field training camp, and was called on
which time the present commanding officer assumed State duty on October 27, 1934, to aid in quelling a
command. Lieutenants serving during the period 1922 riot at Marianna, Florida.
to 1927 include J. R. Asbell, M. J. Daffin and H .0. A new armory was completed recently, with a flood

lighted drill field adjacent to it. The organization
PANAMA C ITY, FLO RIDA maintains a high state of proficiency.

[211
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SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
FIRST Row: J. D. Glass, C. F. Jenkins, F. G. Lovett, D. P. First Lieutenant . . HERBERT 0. MARSHALL
Totman, R. F. Duggar, N. E. Marshall, J. R. Buzzett, J. 0. Second Lieutenant . . JAMES M. HENRY
Mahoo.
NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
SECOND Row: W. T. Henderson, A. M. Pace, J. F. Zingarelli,
C. R. Russell, R. P. Coombs, R. G. Power, G. P. Patronis, H. B. First Sergeant . . BENJAMIN F. BLOODWORTH
Roberts, W. M. Bass. Staff Sergeant . . .. FRANCIS G. LOVETT
THIRD Row: R. L. Dunne, L. C. Buzzett, A. C. Glass, G. M. SERGEANTS
Counts, Jr., HI. C. Brown, F. L. Wages, L..A. Scott, A. L. Har- "-.BUZZETT, JULIAN R. MAHON, JAMES 0.
rison, R. E. Littles. GEORGE, COSTA D. MARSHALL, NEUMAN E.
JENKINS, CHARLES F. RICHARDS, FRED W.


CORPORALS
DUGGAR, RUDOLPH F. LOVETT, JOHN C.
GLASS, JOHN D. MARSHALL, EARL R.
KEITH, GEORGE A. TOTMAN, DONALD P.

14 PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
BARBER, GEORGE E. LITTLE, JEFFERSON E.
BASS, WILLIAM M. MORE, LUKE V.
COOMBS, ROGER P. PACE, CHARLES A.
S 11 ICROrrS, DORTHAL R. PACE, REGINALD C.
GUNN, OLLIE L. PATRENOS, FRANCIS P.
HENDERSON, WILLIAM T. POWER, RICHARD G.
HENDLES, GEORGE W. REEVES, LESLIE L.
HOLLAND, KARL E. ROBERTS, HARLEY B.
WAGES, FRED L.

PRIVATES
ADKISSON, ALBERT H. BLOODWORTH, MINOR K.
S eco d &ia 4 BARBER, JOHN E. BOHANNON, WOODROW B.



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTH ENGINEERS

1221




























V.









PRIVATES SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH
BROOKS, JOHN F. LOVEIT, CLARENCE J. FIRST Row: J. V. Gander, R. C. Pace, J. C. Lovett, C. D.
BROWN, HENRY C. LITTLES, ROBERT E. George, G. A. Keith, R. V. Smith, Jr., E. R. Marshall, B. F.
BUZZErT, LAWRENCE C. MONTGOMERY, LOYD 0. Bloodworth, F. W. Richards.
COUNTS, GEORGE M., JR. PACE, AUGUST M.
COUNS, GEORGE M., JR. PACE, AUGUST M. SECOND Row: C. W. Proctor, J. R. Hlammett, R. F. Stansberry,
CDUA, EARL M. PATRENOS, A TE. GB. R. Glass, C. A. Pace, J. C. Lovett, M. Duggar, J. P. Scott,
DUCGAR, MELL PHILIPS, ALBERT E. A H Ad
DUNNE, ROBERT L. PROCTOR, CLARENCE W.
GANDER, JAMES V. RUSSELL, CHARLES R. THIRD Row: J. P. Goodson, M. K. Bloodworth, J. E. Barber,
GLASS, ALBERT C. RUSSELL, WILLIAM C. K. E. Holland, J. E. Littles, J. Wilson, Jr., L V. Moren, G. W.
GLASS, BEN R. SCOTT, JOHN P. Hendles, F. P. Patronis, L. 0. Montgomery.
GOODSON, JAMES P. SCOTT, LAWRENCE A.
HAMMETT, JESSE R. STANSBERRY, ROBERT F.
HARRISON, ALFRED L. WILSON, JOE, JR.
ZINGCARELLI, JOSEP F. In 1898, this Company was ordered to Tampa, Florida,

where troops were being mobilized for the Spanish-Amer-
FACTUAL HISTORY ican War. A portion of this Company enlisted with
companies that had been selected to serve in the war,
The Franklin Guards, a company of Infantry, was or- and the remainder of the Company was ordered home.
ganized in Apalachicola in 1884 by J. H. Coombs and It was called out in October, 1907, to protect a prisoner
Fred Butterfield. Existing as an independent company during a street car strike. Again in 1912, it served dur-
at first because no vacancy existed in the number of ing a street car strike.
companies provided for by the State, the unit was finally On February 3, 1927, Company "E," 106th Engineers,
accepted as part of the Florida State Troops in 1890, was organized and Federally recognized. In 1929, it saw
when it was designated as Company "C," Third Battalion, active duty in the Mediterranean fruit fly quarantine.
there being no regimental unit at that time. The Company has had the following commanders:
In 1898, the Florida State Troops were formed into Captains J. H. Coombs, Robert Knickmeyer, Patrick S.
regiments, and this company was designated as Company Hickey, A. S. Mohr, John P. Lovett, Domnick Brown

nation until its merger in the World War in 1917 at (later Major, later Lieutenant Colonel), T. J. Moore,
Camp Wheeler, Georgia. Joseph P. Hickey (later Major, later Colonel, First Flor-
ida Infantry), J. Farley Warren, R. R. Rice, J. P. Coombs
(later Major, later Lieutenant Colonel), W. J. Glasgow,
John Marshall, George A. Dodd, Hiram W. Sperry, and
A PA LA C H IC LA, FLO RIDA Lieutenant Herbert 0. Marshall, present commander.

23 1











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(6) Second Baltal on Cor.nand.ng OffIc-r and Staff. (7) Barbed
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COMPANY Fn


SECONDBATTALON : ,
ONE~~~~ HU D E N IT ..,
ENGINEERS'i:
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SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
FIRST Row: J. C. Newton, E. L. Loop, H. T. Passmore, A. Captain . . ... JAMES A. FORT, JR.
Chaffin, L. E. Davis, J. A. Gore. Second Lieutenant .. . JOSEPII S. BURROWS
Second Lieutenant ....... HARRY T. MOREHEAD
SECOND Row: E. E. Brinkworth, H. L. Prestwood, F. S. Baker, Second LieutenantHARRY MOREEAD
V. B. Bridges, J. J. Kierce, T. L. Bowen, H. D. Youngblood.
THIRD Row: A. M. Strickland, V. E. McAlum, W. J. Brown- NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
ing, J. W. Richard, C. W. Fortson, I. L. Padgett, J. T. Han-
cock. SERGEANTS
cock.
CHAFFIN, ARLES Loop, EARL L.
JAEGER, HENRY N. NEWTON, J. C.
JOWERS, TALMAGE M. OWENS, SAMUAL
KOERNER, PAUL C. PASSMORE, HENRY T.
WATERS, BUTLER E.

CORPORALS
ALFORD, JOHN R. GORE, JACKSON A.
CANNON, JOHNNIE N. HEATH, CARL H.
DAVIS, LAWRENCE E. SMITH, WILLIAM G.

PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
BOWEN, TALBOT L. HARVEY, HOMER L.
BRINKWORTII, E. E. PASSMORE, THOMAS C.
BROWNING, WILLIAM J. PRESTWOOD, HENRY L.
SCHESNUT, ARTHUR K. RICHARDS, JOBEE W.
NOBLE, JULIAN A. STRICKLAND, ALTON M.

l PRIVATES
ADDISON, CLARENCE L. BRIDGES, VERNON B.
J I BAKER, TURNER S. BRUCE, ERNEST H.
BOOZER, CARL T. CANNON, WILLIAM G.
BOSSE, OSCAR J. CHUMMEY, DEWEY W.
cecOd ^ ij tGt BRIDGES, JOIN L. COI.LLINSWORTHI, CLIFTON D.



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTH ENGINEERS

[263






































PRIVATES SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH
COLLINSWORTII, WALTER L. LOOP, ROBERT E. FIRST Row: T. M. Jowers, B. E. Waters, H. N. Jaeger, C. II.
CROMER, RAY E. McALuM, VIVIEN Heath, A. K. Chestnut, S. Owens, P. C. Koerner, W. G. Smith,
CROMER, ROBERT L. MASSEY, MORRIS L. J. N. Cannon.
DEATON, CHARLES H. NOBLE, KERMIT A. SECOND Row: W. G. Cannon, D. C. Collinsworth, J. A. Noble,
DOUGLAS, LENORE D. O'DONNELL, JAMES E. H. Bruce, W. L. Collinsworth, H. E. Gill, O. H. Smith, J. L.
FORTSON, CHARLES W. PADGETT, ISHMAEL L. Bridges, M. L. Massey.
GILL, ERNEST S. PETTUS, JOHN F.
GILL, HOMER E. SASSER, LEWIS C. THIRD Row: A. M. Hendrix, W. D. Chumney, K. A. Noble,
HANCOCK, JAMES T. SAYRE, MORRIS E. C. I. Deaton, M. E. Sayre, R. E. Cromer, L. D. Douglas, J.
HENDRIX, ALVIN M. SMITH, OLIVER H. O'Donell, P. D. Walker, O. J. Bosse.
KEEN, JAMES W. YOUNCBLOOD, HOLLIS D.
KIERCE, JAMES J. YOEMANS, CHARLES T.
KIMBALL, KENNETH B. GRINER, HILTON

Battalion Commander on June 12, 1935. Under
IW




































FACTUAL HISTORY his guidance, the organization reached a high
state of efficiency, being awarded the Regimental
Company "F," Second Battalion, 106th Engi- Cup for attaining highest standards for three

neers, was organized in Haines City, Florida, by successive years.

W. H. Morton, who was appointed Captain The unit has served its community on several

when the organization received Federal recogni- occasions and is an important factor in all civic

tion on April 27, 1927. development. It has an excellent drill field,

Lionel E. Robinson was appointed Captain on which has been beautified and is well lighted. A







[27]
r271



































LEFT, ToP: Battalion Aid Station.
LET', BOTTOM: Applying Head Bandage.


COMMISSIONED OFFICER
Captain .... ............. EMMETr E. MARTIN

PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
DOUGLAS, AMON C. MOREHEAD, NEAL


PRIVATES
EMMETT E. M N BRAXTON, JESS JOWERS, JEFF
C MMETT R. MPAiN BACHELOR, WILLIS MCCURRY, ANDREW
Captain. Commanding Medical DOUGLASS, OREN ROCHIIEL, ROBERT





The Medical Department Detachment, Second Bat-
talion, 106th Engineers, was organized in Haines City,
,_ *Florida, on June 24, 1930, by Dr. J. R. Sample, who
M/ eTiC,,Bl was later appointed Captain.
Captain Sample developed a first class organization and
served faithfully until May 21, 1938, at which time Cap-
tain Emmett Edward Martin was given command of the
B unit.
D E TM e Nc Under the command of Captain Martin, the personnel
and equipment have been rapidly improved and the unit


HAINES CITY, FLO RIDA program of National Defense.



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTH ENGINEERS

[28]1
ONE U N REDA N S XTH N GI N E R













































































Organized Company H, Second Florida Infantry (National Guard) and promoted to Colonel, January 15 1924 (Federal recognition to date
appointed Captain in command, September 14, 1914. Mustered into from January 20, 1924.) Saw active State military duty as follows: 1917
Federal service with organization. June 20, 1916, and served for 90 days commanded provisional battalion of Infantry in defending county jail
at State Camp. Served in Laredo District. Mexican Border, with inten- at Tampa, Florida during serious riot and attack on jail; commanded
sive outpost and patrol duties extending from Laredo to San Ygnacio Company H, Second Florida Infantry, in hazardous riot duty at Bradenton,
on the Rio Grande River during the winter of 1916-1917. Relieved from Florida. Service commended. 1926, in command of the 116th Field
Federal service and assumed National Guard status, March 17, 1917. Artillery in the Moore Have n sector of Lake Okeechobee, exceptional
inducted into Federal service August 5, 1917. with Second Florida Infantry, ability was displayed by this officer in the patrol, guard and relief
(redesignated 124th Infantry), and served with 31st Division at Camp activities incident to the hurricane and flood disaster. As a reward
Wheeler, Georgia, until September 18, 1918. During this period, attended for outstanding and meritorious work in this disaster, General Lowry
Infantry School of Arms, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, graduated as a bayonet was awarded the Florida Cross by the Governor of Florida and his per-
instructor and appointed Divisional Bayonet Instructor upon return to formance was cited in General Orders. 1927, commanded all armed
31st Division. The organization and operation of this important task forces at ost of Tampa in defense of the Hillsborough County jail
was an outstanding example of ability and efficiency. Served in France against a determined attack of 1,000 armed and excited men. With cool
with A. E. F. until January 27, 1919. Honorably discharged from Federal and outstanding judgment and strategy, this mob was repulsed with a
service, February 4, 1919, and returned to civil status. Organized First minimum of casualties. Commended by Governor. 1928, commanded the
Battalion, 116th Field Artillery, at Tampa, Florida, and appointed Major 116th Field Artillery on rescue and relief duty on the North and West
of Field Artillery, November 14. 1921. Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, sectors of the Lake Okeechobee flood disaster. Commended by the
September 22, 1922. Completed the organization of the regiment and Governor.

[29]
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ROBERT H. GIVENS, JR. PERRY M. TEEPLE
Captain, Adjutant First Lieut., Intelligence Officer


FIFTY-SIXTH FIELD ARTILLERY BRIGADE




The 56th Field Artillery Brigade was established as a unit during 1924-1925, with the 116th and 117th Field
unit in September, 1917, when the 116th, 117th and 118th Artillery Regiments, under the command of Brigadier
Field Artillery Regiments were mobilized as part of the General Allison Owen. The 114th Field Artillery was
31st Division. The Brigade began intensive training at organized during 1933.
Camp Wheeler, Georgia. Brigadier General Owen retired during 1934 and Colonel
As a unit of the 31st Division, the Brigade was in Sumter L. Lowry, Jr., 116th Field Artillery, was promoted
France in the latter part of September, 1918. In France, to the grade of Brigadier General and assigned to com-
the Division was broken up to be used as replacements. mand the Brigade.
The Brigade did not act as a unit. Its personnel as-
signed to various organizations of the A. E. F. served Stations of the regiments composing the Brigade are
well, and in many cases, heroically, through the latter as follows: 114th Field Artillery, Mississippi; 116th
part of the war. Field Artillery, Florida, and 117th Field Artillery,
The 56th Field Artillery Brigade was reorganized as a Alabama.


OFFICERS, HEADQUARTERS BATTERY

CHESTER R. YATES RICHARD D. REDDICK
Captain Second Lieutenant













U N
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,-** I ',,'. ..5. .... ", "|. .:-, W. Geay, H' L. H -ll"'-"


9' -.




















G. W. Greenamyre, H. L. Hill.
NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS SECOND Row: I. W. Harden, W. F. Woodard, M. A. Lan-

First Sergeant . .. RAYMOND A. GERRARD C. L. Allyn, S. P. Robinson, P. E. Allyn.
Staff Sergeant . . .. PAUL E. ALLYN THIRD Row: E. C. Clark, G. G. Wells, J. 0. Bridges, H. W.
Staff Sergeant . . .. EULIE V. RICE Wild, A. J. Ebi, H. Stebbins, A. A. Bates, K. M. Ryall, J. E.
SERGEANTS Mathis, D. E. Moore, A. L. Pope.
CLARK, ELMER C. DEMOREST, ALBERT A.
SADLER, WOODSON A.
CORPORALS
BRIDGES, JAMES 0. PARNELLE, MILTON H.
EBI, ALBIN J. REYNOLDS, JOHNNIE 0.
WELLS, GARVICE G.
PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
DERKMAN, OREN T. LANDRESS, MERLE A.
HARDEN, ISAAC W. MATHIS, JOHN E.
WOODARD, WILLIAM F.
PRIVATES
ALLYN, CHARLES L. ROGERS, RALPH T.
BATES, ARTHUR A. RYALL, KEITH M. t
GREENAMYRE, G. :W. ROBINSON, LONNIE B.
HILL, HARVEY L. ROBINSON, SAMUEL P.
MOORE, DAVID E. WILD, HENRY W.
POPE, ALVA L. WILLIAMS, CLIFTON D..
ROGERS, MELVIN L. WILLIS, MILTON L. |



FACTUAL HISTORY
Headquarters Battery, 56th Field' Artillery Brigade,
was organized and Federally recognized January 25, 1927,
with Captain Mark W. Lance, Second Lieutenant Good- A V N P A R K, F L O R I D A
(Continued on page 154)


FIFTY-SIXTH FIELD ARTILLERY BRIGADE

[31]












56TH FIELD ARTILLERY BRIGADE
I Ag- AVON PARK, FLORIDA





1. Non-Commissioned Officers.
. .. .. --, 2. Radio Section.
--3. Motor Section.
4. Message Center.
5. Mess Detail.
6. Switchboard.
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ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH



















"The 116th Field Artillery has had a singular history in Bartow. The Second Battalion participated in sum-
in the period covered since the date of its organization mer encampment in 1923, and on August 23, 1923, was
in Florida. Perhaps no regiment of the National Guard Federally recognized as a unit with Major Fred Hampton
within the United States has had such dramatic calls commanding. The regiment received official recognition,)
upon its services. Woven into the pattern of everyday at Tampa on January 20, 1924. The Service Battery
life, the work of the peace time soldier calls forth little with band section was placed at Winter Haven and later
notice from the general public. However, when disaster at Arcadia. Battery "F" was transferred to Winter
threatens the structure of the commonwealth, either man- Haven. The regiment was the first to abandon the band
made, or by the hand of Providence, the National Guard section in line with the National Guard Bureau's wishes.
steps promptly into the breach, and, with a steady hand The Medical Detachment was first organized in Tampa,
firmly applied, brings aid and comfort to the stricken and October 6, 1922. Regimental Headquarters Battery was
punishment to the law breaker." (From the official regi- placed in Ft. Myers but in 1937 was moved to St. Peters-
mental history, compiled by Lieutenant Colonel George burg. On the date of Federal recognition, Major Lowry
E. Grace, FNG.) was promoted to Colonel and regimental commander. Cap-
This Regiment was originally organized at Camp tain Hesterly became regimental executive officer and a
Wheeler, Georgia, during the World War as part of the Lieutenant Colonel.
31st (Dixie Division), was transported overseas, but saw Effective July 16, 1933, a radical change in the trans-
no combat action and was mustered from Federal service port equipment of the theretofore horsedrawn regiment
on January 16, 1919. On December 5, 1921, Sumter L. was made. The horses, picturesque part of the transport,
Lowry, Jr., of Tampa, Florida, upon commisison issued were transferred, and one and one-half ton trucks issued
by the Adjutant General, State of Florida, presented for in their places. Since that time, the 116th Field Artillery
Federal recognition three batteries to constitute units of a has been a completely motor-transported unit.
regiment to be known as the 116th Field Artillery. Thus, On October 4, 1934, the Regiment was signally honored
on December 5, 1921, there firing batteries, "A," "B" by the promotion of Colonel Sumter L. Lowry, Jr., to
and "C," formed the basis of the First Battalion, 116th Brigadier General and commanding general, 56th Field
Field Artillery, Major Sumter L. Lowry, Jr., command- Artillery Brigade, of which the 116th Field Artillery is
ing. The battalion was inspected and mustered into serv- a part. Lieutenant Colonel Homer W. Hesterly was ad-
ice by then Lieutenant Colonel Vivian Collins, present vanced to Colonel in command of the regiment on Octo-
Adjutant General of Florida. ber 23, 1934. Major Byron E. Bushnell was transferred
Completion of the First Battalion was effected February from C. O., Second Battalion, to regimental executive, as
15, 1922, with the establishment of Headquarters Battery a Lieutenant Colonel.
and Combat Train, First Battalion. In 1922, the City The Regiment has held annual field training exercises
of Tampa and Hillsborough County furnished land and at Ft. Bragg, North Carolina, and Camp Jackson, South
funds for the construction of stables, gunsheds and armory Carolina. At. Ft. Bragg, North Carolina, in 1937, through
buildings. the suggestion of Colonel A. L. P. Sands, the Field Ar-
An expansive movement was made for the establish- tillery Board selected the regiment to test by firing the
ment of a full regiment by the founding of the Second theretofore untried fire control data sheets calculated for
Battalion. Firing batteries "D," "E" and "F" were lo- the reservation area. During the Third Army Maneuvers
cated at Lakeland, Plant City and Arcadia, with Head- held in DeSoto National Forest, Mississippi, in August,
quarters Battery and Combat Train, Second Battalion, 1938, the regiment participated as-a unit of the 56th
(Continued on page 35)
[331







































HOMED W. HESTIRLY

Goloacl
Commanding One Hundred and Sixteenth Field Artillery

Was Cadet student at Georgia Tech, 1906-1910. Enlisted in Company G, Second Florida Infantry,
June I, 1916. Resigned, August 16, 1916. Appointed First Lieutenant, Engineers Reserve, May
13, 1917. Inducted into Federal service (World War), September 2, 1917. Served with Company
C, Sixth U. S. Engineers overseas until July 4, 1918. Promoted to Captain, attended service
schools, August 28, 1918. Honorably discharged, July 21, 1919. Entered reorganized Florida
National Guard as Captain, commanding Battery B, 116th Field Artillery, at Tampa, Florida, on
December 5, 1921. Promoted to Major, October I, 1922. Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel,
February 5, 1924. Promoted to Colonel, commanding 116th Field Artillery, October 23, 1934.
Member of State Armory Board. Graduate of Command and General Staff School, Fort Leaven-
worth, Kansas, 1938. Rendered valuable service in civil disorders and hurricane disasters.




E343


























national recognition, and the highest efficiency standing of -.,-/
any National Guard regiment in the United States.
During 1938, Major General George Van Horn Mosely, "' 7 /
Lnen Commander of Fourth Corps Area, twice publicly .B
SBYRON E. BUSHNELL
stated that the 116th Field Artillery was "the finest regi. Lieutenant Colonel, Regimental Staff
meant in the world."
Upon 14 occasions, the Regiment has been called into
active state duty for the suppression of riot, protection of

prisoners, and during storm disasters. For the excellent
manner in which it dischad it s duties at Moore Haven,ding of
Florida, during the great flood catastrophe on September
20, 1926, the War Department issued special commen-
dation to the then Commanding Colonel, Sumter L. icly O BU H J
Lowry, Jr., his officers and men. Despite the numerous
calls into action in aid of civil authorities, the Regiment
has never lost a man nor suffered serious injury.
The 116th Field Artillery is at its peak of training ex- {t
cellence and performance ability. Skilled and experienced
army officers as instructors have enhanced and increased
the material equipment and combat efficiency of the
ntRegiment.


IRVING S. TILLOTSON DANIEL VAN DUSEN PATRICK E. NOLAN BAYA M. HARRISON, JR.
Captain, P. & T. O. Captain, Adlutant Captain, Chaplain First Lieutenant, L. O.















[35]



















a .


























B. A. Dahler. NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH COMMISSIONED OFFICERS



FIRST Row: J. Rognkgs, F. Pheenix, E. D. Embtter, FL. Master Sergeant . . ROBERT R. HLLOYD
Bulman, G. J. Gibson, A. H. Garver, A. J. Rollman. Second Lieutenant .......... GEORGE H. CRILL
SECOND ROW: F. C. Dorman, 1I. E. Colman, G. S. Hershmer,
K. V. Rettstatt, D. G. Williams, A. M. Archibald, W. Hogan,
1B. A. Dahler. NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
TIIIRD Row: J. T. Rankin, J. A. Dietrich, E. A. Whittier, L. Master Sergeant ........... ROBERT R. HICKS
T. Dicks, W. O. Pounds, C. E. Paulsen, H. J. Dietrich, F. G. First Sergeant . . .. FRANCIS L. CLAUSS
Brinker, H. M. Clayton. Staff Sergeant. . . PHILIP H. CONNER
Staff Sergeant ........... NORBERT I. FULLER
Staff Sergeant ... ......... LESLIE W. MOT'r

SERGEANTS
ARCHIBALD, ALEX M. HERSHMER, GENE S.
BREEDING, AVERY L. REITSTATT, KARL V.
WILLIAMS, DONALD G.

CORPORALS
BOGART, WALTER J. MEEK, NOAL N.
BREAKER, WILLIAM B. PFEIFFER, ROBERT A.
]HILL, HENRY E. RUSmING, WILBUR O.
LANG, DONALD R.. VANDERVORT, JOHN R.

PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
BOGGS, JACK E. GARVER, ALVIN H.
BRITTIAN, FRANK A. HERMAN, MAYNARD
DAHLER, BERNARD A. PHIEENIX, HARRISON F.
CYRIL S. LLOYD GEORGE H. CRILL DICKS, LESLIE T. POWER, GEORGE B., JR.
Captain Second Lieutenant EMBREE, HOWARD D. TUBse, WARREN G.
WHITTIER, EVAN A.

PRIVATES
ALLEN, LEE A. CAIN, JULIUS C.
BRINKER, FRANKLIN G. CHENEY, ARTHUR A.
BULMAN, FREDERICK J. CLAYTON, HAROLD M.



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY

[361







































PRIVATES SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH
COLMAN, HUBERT E. JORDA, LOUIS FIRST Row: J. R. Griffith, M. Herman, L. A. Allen, R. E.
DIETRICH, JACK B. MENSER, THORN W. Claeson, H. R. Dodge, J. B. Dietrich, W. 0. Rushing.
DIETRICH, JAMES A. PAULSEN, CARL E.
DIETRICH, HARRY J. PEDEN, ROBERT M. SECOND Row: T. W. Menser, H. E. Hill, D. R. Lang, A. L.
DODGE, HAROLD R. POUNDs, WILBUR Breeding, P. H. Conner, F. L. Clauss, L. W. Mott, R. A. Pfeif-
DORMAN, FRANK C. POWER, ALBERT M. fer, N. N. Meek.
GIBSON, GORDON, JR. ROLLMAN, ALLEN J. T
GLOVER, GEORGE R. RANKIN, JACK T. THIR Row: G. B. Power A. M P .


GRIFFITH, JOHN R. SPENCER, MYRON C. W. J. Bogart, R. R. Hicks, N. L. Fuller, G. R. Glover, W. B.
HOGAN, WALTER STAGG, JOHN E. Breaker, M. C. Spencer.
WALKER, WILLIAM


duty as a Field Artillery unit. A very successful camp
FACTUAL HISTORY was enjoyed by the personnel in this new branch of serv-
ice. During this time, the Battery participated in a three-
First organized on April 15, 1936, as the 118th Am- day field maneuver at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. In
bulance Company, 106th Medical Regiment, this unit was 1938, the unit took part in the Third Army Maneuvers,
mustered into the service at the Florida Military Academy, DeSoto National Forest, Mississippi.
St. Petersburg, Florida, by Brigadier General Vivian Col- In October, 1938, First Lieutenant Edward J. Heney,
lines, the Adjutant General, and Colonel A. L. P. Sands, Executive Officer since the Battery was organized, trans-
Field Artillery Instructor of the 116th Field Artillery. Its ferred to the inactive list' due to business reasons. He was
first tour of duty was at Camp Clifford J. R. Foster, succeeded by Second Lieutenant George H. Crill, who
Jacksonville, Florida, from July 23 to August 8, 1936. was transferred from Battery "C," 116th Field Artillery.
On January 1 7,1937, it was redesignated Company "F," Captain N. W. Gable, who had commanded the organi-
106th Medical Regiment, and on January 13, 1937, was nation since its formation, was transferred to the Medical
converted to Headquarters Battery, 116th Field Artillery. Department and promoted to Major. Captain C. S.
On July 3, 1937, the unit moved from its home station to Lloyd was transferred from Headquarters, Second Bat-
Columbiaa,South Carolina, by motor to its first tour of talion, 116th Field Artillery, to fill this vacancy.
Quartered in the American Legion Armory, St. Peters-
burg, the unit hopes to move into its new armory now
ST. PETERSBURG FLO RIDA under construction at an early date.

[ 37]














ST. PETERSBURG, FLORIDA

A *


(I) Motor Section. (2) Radio Section. (3) Scout Section. (4)
Headquarters Section. (5) Instrument Section. (6) Meage
Center. (7) Non-Commissioned Officers.

















1cl
-'




































% .r
















O. .. d r.R .Ilk*W, .. ..








































SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
FIRST Row: F. K. Core, L. G. Gamage, B. Raulerson, A. J. Captain . . .. STANHOPE C. SMITH
Turner, J. I. IIollingsworth, Jr., V. B. Bishop, W. Kerce, P. First Lieutenant . ... .THOMAS R. BROWN
Craft, B. Carlton, H. Cravey. Second Lieutenant ... ..... .MAURICE B. CARLTON
SECOND ROW: J. Sullivan, B. Sullivan, R. Summerall, J. C. Second Lieutenant . . JAMES A. SCOTT
Barrs, G. T. Fountain, J. Rogers, H. Hollingsworth, V. Cochran, NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
B. Stribling, J. T. Hall, W. H. Blackmon, P. J. Sloan. Master Sergeant . . .. FRED K. CORE
THIRD Row: C. I. Chancey, J. Bretton, G. Smith, W. L. Master Sergeant . .. WILLIAM H. HANCOCK
Myers, S. Stribling, J. B. Belflower, P. Cochran, R. L. Cleve- First Sergeant . . LELAND G. GAMMAGE
land. D. Bragdon, W. H. Saxon, R. Bradley, F. H. Carroll. Staff Sergeant .. .... BERNARD RAULERSON

SERGEANTS
BISIIOP, VIRGIL B. HOLLINGSWORTH, JESSE L., JR.
TURNER, ALBERT J.
CORPORALS
CARLTON, BRUCE W. CRAVEY, HARRY C.
CRAFT, J. A., JR. KERCE, WOODROW
PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
BLRETTON, ERVIN J. SAXON, WILLIAM H.
MYERS, WI.LIAM L. STRIPLING, SAMUEL L.
ROCERS, JAMES V. SUMMERALL, R. L., JR.
PRIVATES
BARS, JOHN C. FOUNTAIN, GEORGE T.
BRADLEY, ROBERT F. HALL, JAMES T.
BRACDON, DAVID R. HARRELL, PAUL L.
BRAGDON, J. G. HOLLINGSWORTH, IIAROI.D
BEI.F.LOWVER, JESSE 1. SLOAN, PAUL L.
BLACKMON, WILLIAM K. SMITH, GLEN D.
O CARROLL, FRANK SH. STRIBLING, WILLIAM J.
CHANCEY, CEDERIC I. SULLIVAN, BIRK C.
CCLEVELAND, ROBERT L. SULLIVAN, BUDDY W.
STANHOPE C. SMITH THOMAS R. BROWN COCHRAN, PERCY D. SULLIVAN, JOHNNIE B.
Captain First Lieutenant COCIIRAN, VERNON J. WHITrLE, BUFORD F., JR.



SERVICE BATTERY FACTUAL HISTORY
Battery "F," 116th Field Artillery, was organized
A R C A D I A, F L O R I D A September 3, 1923, and Federal recognition was ex.
(Continued on page 154)


ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY

[39]










=40,















6 -
j,""Q .,8w

















MAURICE B. CARLTON JAMES A. SCOTT
Second Lieutenant Second Lieutenant



SERVICE BATTERY
I I 6TH FIELD ARTILLERY
ARCADIA, FLORIDA






(1) Personnel Section. (2) Non-Commissioned Officers. (3)
Motor Instruction. (4) Map Section. (5) Drivers and Trucks.
(6) Anti-Aircraft.




























Major, Commanding
FRANK C. PAUL HAROLD M. CLAR'OE RALH J.










GEORGE E BAYA and Combat Train EARL E. WHITEHEAD
I 1 TH FIELD ARTILLERY n Captain, Battery C







MARCUS N. OWEN EDMOND J. SWANN ROBERT F. NUNEZ, JR. HARRY P. BAYA EDMURALPHND J. McKIMULLEN
First Lieutenant, P. & T. 0. First Lieutenant, Headquarters First Lieutenant, Battery A First Lieutenant, Battery B First Lieutenant, Battery C
WILLIAM A. HEMPHILL Battery and Combat Train MARSDEN G. KELLY THOMAS P. KELLY, JR. MARTIN CARABALLO, JR.
Second Lieutenant, Headquarters OSCAR D. HOWELL, JR. Second Lieutenant, Battery A Second Lieutenant, Battery B Second Lieutenant, Battery C
Battery and Combat Train Second Lieutenant, Battery A









jI,
d~ ,' i g








,,--,


S.



,.A, -7 -, 4. -- '



















2.. ..
1

















SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
FIRST Row: C. H. Brown, 0. L. Mayo, J. W. Thaxton, Jr., Captain . . HAROLD M. CLARVOE
0. 0. Dodson, 0. C. Whitehead ,(j.V. Smit-,. W. Tice. First Lieutenant . .. EDMOND J. SWANN
SECOND Row: E. E. Leavine, J. A. Gibson, H. D. Whidden, Second Lieutenant . .. .WILLIAM A. HEMPHILL
J. W. Mulholland, G. W. Abrames, J. F. Greene, J. Smith.
TIIIR Row: G. G. Frissell, J. E. Hackney, I. L. Scott, W. NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
Byrd, P. San Martin, W. L. Holden, E. F. Greene, E. L. Pierce. First Sergeant . . . E. E. E. I.AVINE
Staff Sergeant . . . J. GIBSON
Staff Sergeant . . . JOSEPH SMITH

SERGEANTS
BENNErr, N. J. PIERCE, E.
DODSON, 0, G. SIIAW, B.
GUNTER, E. SCOTTrr, 1.

CORPORALS
BYRD, WILLIE FRISSELL, D. E.
BROWN, CHARLIE FRISSELL, G. G.
COWART, L. J. GREENE, E. F.

PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
ALEXANDER, C. H1. HOLDEN, W. L.
SI L BYRD, E. OLSEN, B. P.
HALL, 0. I. STONE, F. B.
HARPER, W. R. TICE, B. W.



ABRAMES, G. W. DAVIDSON, T. E.
ANNESS, A. C. FILOGAMO, L. M.
FIRST BATTALION BROWN, K. D., JR. GOLDEN, L. L.



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY

[421
'UTR .SoI


CORPORAj










ir 'r (











II











PRIVATES SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH
GREENE, J. RIGCIO, J. FIRST Row: E. C. Gunter, D. E. Frissell, O. I, Hall, C. II.
HACKNEY, J. E. SAN MARTIN, P. Alexander, W. R. Harper, L. L. Golden, B. T. Shaw.
HACKNEY, W. L. SMITH, J. SEcoNO Row: E. II. Walker, N. J. Bennett, J. R. Mills, L. M.
HOLLOWAY, C. TERRY, M. Filogamo, A. C. Anness, F. L. Wilson, Jr., W. L. Hackney.
KEATIILEY, M. N. THAXTON, J. W., JR. THIRD Row: M. Terry, E. Byrd, R. E. Mayo, C. F. Holloway,
MAYO, O. L. WALKER, E. H. L. J. Cowart, T. E. Davidson, K. O. Brown, Jr., M. N. Keathley.
MAYO, R. E. WIIDDEN, H. D.
MILLS, J. WHITEHEAD, O. C.
MULHOLLAND, J. W. WILSON, F. L., JR.
mand then passed to First Lieutenant Henry

Woodward who was promoted to Captain De-

FACTUAL HISTORY cember 22, 1924. Captain Woodward was re-

Headquarters Battery and Combat Train, First lived on April 1, 1936, by First Lieutenant Har-

Battalion, 116th Field Artillery, was accepted by old M. Clarvoe, who was promoted to Captain

the Federal Government under command of Cap- July 2, 1936.

tain Jack Hedrick on February 15, 1922. Cap- This organization has been called upon a

tain Henry H. Cole was appointed commander number of times to assist local civil authorities.

of the organization upon resignation of Captain The most notable ones being the riot at the county

Hedrick on December 12, 1922, and the com- jail in Tampa May 31-June 2, 1927, and Sep-
tember 2-3, 1935, which was election day in


TA M PA, F LO R I D A Tampa and mob spirit was rampant.
(431


















1. Wire Laying Detail. 2. Surveying Section. 3. Non-Commissioned Officers.
-r Mir




















'6AA 4i&/ A;Allh



Headquarters Battery and Combat Train, First Battalion, I I6th Field Artillery, in the Third Army Maneuvers.
r,.; .


,,,T '' ** '"



























r -
.p ~;:~ ~ .. , ;'.: ....

























OF
. t





HdOQRTR[ BHNIORY ANO COMB AIN







~r ; 1: ., _- . .,, .... ,'. l t l ili















FIRST BATTALION


H16/h 4je/d 4/Ide

TAMPA, FLORIDA



















.,I. Non-Commissioned Officers.
2. Instrument Section.
3. Swearing in a Recruit.
e"* 4. Gun in Action.
5. Trucks.
6. Wire Section.


73











" 0















MIIM Rpm











ML. oe ., .OA Hoa.. JR. T.
























S-. T. .. .. S E
fi, W C .. M .. .y L P I., Cr.

















SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
FIRST Row: 0. F. Lamberson, A. P. Barfield, A. B. Boykin, Caain...............RALPH J. KING
J. L. Slattery, J. J. Hill, F. Palmer, D1). W. Embry, W. Shaw. Firt Lieutenant .. ......... ROBERT F. NUNEZ, JR.
SECONI Row: R. J. Gatliff, W. M. French, 0. L. Bower, W. Second Lieutenant . .. .OSCAR I). HOWELL, JR.
L. Waller, J. H. Bunkley, T. A. Kersey, L. L. Priest, J. R. Cof- Second Lieutenant . . MARSDEN G. KELLY
fey, W. C. Mills, M. D. Kirby, L. P. Crandon.
THIRD Row: C. W. MeClintock, E. W. Sampson, R. M. Brant- NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
ley, R. L. Tucker, C. A. Joyner, C. R. Flynt, A. 11. Ekker, J. A. First Sergeant . . . JACK J. HILL
Campbell, R. J. Barnwell, M. H. Robarts, P. C. Ainsworth.
SERGEANTS
BARFIELD, ALVA P. LAMBERSON, OWEN F.
BOYKIN, AUBREY B. PALMER, FRANK E.
EMBRY, DURWARD W. SHAW, WILLIAM B.
SLATTERY, JOSEPH L.

CORPORALS
DONNELLY, JAMES W. GROUT, WILLIARD E.
FENDER, BURTON C. KANEY, THOMAS E.
GLASS, GEORGE L. STUMP, GEORGE L.

PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
ADAMS, CLARENCE T. JOYNER, CHARLES A.
AINSWORTH, PHILLIP C. MILLER, JOHN J.
AVRIETT, ROBERT J. ROBARTS, MERRILL H.
SBUNKLEY, JAMES H. TUCKER, ROBERT L. C.
WALLER, WILLIAM L.

PRIVATES

BARKER, LARRY N. COOPER, ROLLINS
BOWER, ORIS COUNE, FRANCIS L.
BRANTLEY, ROBERT M. CRANDON, LEO P.
BURNETT, ROBERT L. CROMARTIE, DAVID J.
J CAMPBELL, JULIUS A. CROSBY, RAY
C U.LJ .a' .S .Fr J COFFEY, JAMES R. DIEZ, RA.LPH
a "0 COMPTON, HARMON W. EKKER, ALFRED HI.



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY

1461





































PRIVATES SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH
FI.VNT, CHARLES R. NicitoIs, CUE F. FIRST Row: W. F. Grut, G. L. Glass, Jr., J. W. Donnclly,
FRENCII, WALLACE M. NORT.iiiP, EDWARD A. (. L. Stump, I. Fenuer, '. 1. Kaiiy, II. W. Comptoi, I. A.
GANT, ARI. 1I. NORIIuI, GARDINER L. Nava, Jr., G. L. Northup.
GATLIFF, RENE J. NAVA, Louis A.
GOULDING, FRANK R. PARRA, RoY P. SECOND Row: W. L. Weber, E. A. Northup, Jr., R. Dicz, R.
HATCIIETT, PAUL E. PRIEST, LLOYD L. J. Avriett, R. Cooper, Jr., P. E. Hatchett, M. E. VanSickle, L.
KERSEY, THVINDRE A. R EED ROBERT E. A. Purdom, R. E. Reed, L. S. Lovell, C. T. Adams.
KIRBY, MURR D. SEARJEANT, H. M., JR. THIRD Row: R. Crosby, J. J. Miller, F. L. Coune, E. Ii. Gant,
LOVELL, LONNIE S. VAN SICKEL, MARCUS E. R. L. Burnett, W. H. Williams, L. N. Barker, II. M. Searjeant,
MCCLINTOCK, CHiAs. WV. WEBER, WALTER L. F. R. Goulding, G. F. Nichol
MILLS, WILBUR C. WILLIAMS, WINTON H. F.R. Gouldng, G. F. Nichols.
WHITE, HOWARD C.


31 resulted in six deaths and 19 wounded. No Battery
FACTUAL HISTORY
member was killed or severely hurt.
Battery "A," 116th Field Artillery, was organized De- Captain Laird was transferred to the National Guard
cember 5, 1921, under the command of the late Captain Reserve on August 22, 1928, and Captain J. W. McNeer
Claiborne Phipps, who was made a Major on February was in command until June 25, 1931, at which time he
5, 1924, and was succeeded by Captain Loper Lowry as resigned and was succeeded by Captain Daniel Van Dusen.
Battery Commander. Captain Davis Walker succeeded Under Captain Van Dusen, the Battery saw active service
Captain Lowry, who resigned, on June 18, 1925. on July 5 and 6, 1933, when 20 men were sent to Road
On November 28, 1925, Captain Laird succeeded Cap- Prison Camp No. 33 to assist in quelling a riot.
tain Walker. The Battery saw its first active service Captain Ralph J. King, present commander, took over
from May 30 to June 2, 1927, when it assisted Hillsbor- the Battery on December 8, 1934, to fill the vacancy
ough County authorities to protect a prisoner held by the caused by Captain Van Dusen's transfer to the National
sheriff. Brushes between the mob and troops on May Guard Reserve. The last active duty of the Battery, with
the exception of the annual two weeks summer encamp-
ment, occurred September 2-4, 1935, when it assisted
T A M P A F L O R I D A county officials in maintaining order during a city election.

[471








































SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
FIRsT Row: E. J. Brend, S. C. Wright, W. C. Hubbard, P. Captain . . . GEORGE E. BAYA
M. Grahn, Jr., C. G. Brockington, J. B. Gremer, F. H. Collins, First Lieutenant . . . HARRY P. BAYA
S n L.,n- .- UT,

























E. OMara, A. B. Cherry. Second Lieutenant . WILLIAM F. HUNTER, JR.
SECOND Row: F. G. McAlister, E. L. Barber, E. J. Bell, B. F.
Shaw, G. N. McClintock, L. L. Hardin, 0. J. Giles, H. -A. Per- NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
rette, T. E. Taaffe, E. B. Lussier. First Serueant . . PETER M. GRAHN, JR.
TuIRD Row: R. A. Tullis, L. A. Shinlever, B. F. Braxton, J.



COLLINS, FRED H. MOORE, AUBREY A.


CORPORALS
i. E. CLINE, JAMES D. MCALISTER, FOREST G.
TIIIROCORDELL, B. C., JR. MILLS, EDGAR L.
HOPE, WILLIAM H. SHEPPARD, HARLO J., JR.
TAAFFE, THOMAS E.

PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
BOSTICK, CHARLES E. MANNER, JOSEPH M.
BRAXTON, BEN F. MATHENEY, HOWARD R.
BREND, ELMORE J. McGAIIEE, MARTIN F.
).BRI, JIMMY C. MILLER, EMMET H.
SJ C E L F H P GILES, OCKLY J. PLAGEMAN, FRED H.
GRANTHAM, VERNON C. SABA, CHARLES N.
GUTKIN, MAX L. SHINLEVER, LEE A.
HARDIN, LEONARD L. STARLING, LEE R.


-ARBER, ELBERT L. CASTOR, GEORGE L.
BELL, EARL J. CHERRY, ALVIN B.
BENNETT, ELWOOD E. DANGELO, JAMES J.
SBUNc, ROBERT E. DIMAIOTHENEY, FREOERICK B.
aBRe CAMAL, ALBERT J. GARDNER, EDWIN L.



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY

1481
[48]

















AI




















PRIVATES SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH
HAMPTON, HOOD C., JR. MILLER, SAMMIE FIRST Row: G. F. Mangan, A. J. Camalo, M. C. Morgan, E.
IENRIOUEZ, GEO. E. O'MARA, EDWIN A. Biggs, A. A. Moore, R. J. Jandreau, F. W. Hiller, B. L.
HILLER, FRANK W. PERRETTE, HARRY A. Kelley.
HUBBARD, WILLIS C. PETTIGREW, ARTHUR D. ey.
KELLEY, BARNEY L. PUCKETT, Louis L. SECOND Row: H. J. Sheppard, Jr., R. E. Bunch, G. E. Hen-
KELTNER, C. M., JR. REID, WILLIAM T. riquez, A. B. Sanchez, C. R. Thomas, C. M. Keltner, Jr., C. N.
KICKLITER, JOSEPH F. SANCHEZ, ALBERT B.
KIEFFER, RICHARD 0. SANCHE, BEN F. Saba, M. L. Gutkin, B. C. Cordell,'Jr., R. 0. Kieffer.
MAEFAE, GIORE 0. STIAW BEN F.
LOGGINS, CHARLIE E. STEWART, C. H., JR. THIRD Row: J. M. Maner, E. H. Miller, C. E. Bostick, W. II.
LUSSIER, EDWARD B. THOMAS, CHARLES R.II
MANGAN, GEORGE F. TULLIS, CARL L. Hope, W. T. Reid, E. E. Bennett, A. D. Pettigrew, F. B. Di-
MCCLINTOCK, GEO. N. TULLIS, RALPH A. Maio, V. C. Grantham, L. R. Starling, H. R. Matheney.
WRIGHT, SEYMOUR C.

as a horse-drawn unit, but after many years with the
FACTUAL HISTORY horses it was, in 1933, converted to the truck-drawn unit
After the close of the World War and pursuant to the that it now is. The Battery has seen active State service
provisions of the then newly enacted National Defense on two occasions. In 1927 it aided civil authorities in
Act providing for a Federally organized and recognized defending the Hillsborough County Jail, and in 1935, it
National Guard, there was organized at Tampa, Florida, was called out to preserve order during municipal election
three batteries of Field Artillery and on December 5, 1921, day riots in the City of Tampa. On both occasions it
these three units were given Federal recognition and desig- performed its duties creditably and honorably.
nated Batteries "A," "B," and "C," 116th Field Artillery. Its first Battery Commander was Captain William E.
Battery "B" was therefore one of the original units Hamner. Succeeding Battery Commanders were as fol-
around which the regiment was built, and it has since re- lows: Captian John A. Smith, December 12, 1922, to
mained one of the regiment's most dependable and effi- September 27, 1925; Captain Samuel G. Harrison, Sep-
cient firing batteries. Organized at Tampa, it has ever member 27, 1925 to October 28, 1925; Captain Arlie C.
since been stationed in this city. Luther, October 28, 1925, to January 17, 1928; Captain
A French 75 mm. Gun Battery, it was originally equipped Ray V. S. Rudd, January 27, 1928, to September 30, 1936,
and Captain George E. Baya, present Battery Com-
mander, who was placed in command on September 30,
T A M P A F L O R I D A 1936, and has served since that date.

[491











UHTI1RY B

FIRST BATTALION


r6M qiel A4i&leV

TAMPA, FLORIDA
















I. Instrument Section.
2. Gun Crew in Action.
3. Battery Column of Platoons.
4. Motor Section.
5. Signal Section.
6. Non-Commissioned Officers.








r--V


a m
44 1*W _4
4.CL~III~I4 ~
~gp9C' t~ip yS~ r ~~iS.'A~y






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I. Non-Commissioned Officers.
2. On the March.
3. Telephone Section.
4. Instrument Detail.
5. Laying Wire by Hand.
6. Section Coupling.
7. Battery in Action. t b c
8. Gun in Recoil.
9. Laying Wire.
TAMPA, FLORIDA





O[51]
ONE HUNDREDAND SIXTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY



fl


















I' h





















SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
FIRST Row: C. F. Hall, N. W. Benjamin, H. F. Sheppard, J. Captain . . . RAY V. S. RUDD
T. Specht, J. B. Richardson, M. N. Jones, W. P. Gillstrap, Jr., First Lieutenant . . EDMUND J. McMULLEN
0. P. Hall, E. R. Hill. Second Lieutenant . . MARTIN CARABALLO, JR.
SECOND Row: G. M. Bryant, F. Fairchild, R. W. Milam, R.
L. Stephens, R. B. Gouch, L. E. Curtis, H. L. Nelson, A. G. NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
Sims, E. V. Gerow, C. W. Henderson. First Sergeant . . . JAMES T. SPECIIT
THIRD Row: C, R. Banks, E. P. Barnwell, J. C. Heard, D. A.
Riley, C. M. Tittsworth, C. P. Hand, H. H. Wester, R. Rodri- SERGEANTS
guez, F. 0. Calohan, Jr., F. T. Sanz. GILLSTRAP, WILLIAM P. LOPEZ, ANTONIO J.
HILL, ELLIS R. MANSON, HERMAN W.
JONES, MANSFIELD N. RAMIREZ, ERNEST L.
SHEPPARD, HUBERT F.

CORPORALS
BARNWELL, EMANUEL P. HEARD, JOHN C.
BRYANT, GEORGE M. OLSON, PHILLIP W.
HALL, OSCAR P. PRATER, OWEN J.

PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
BEARD, MALCOLM MCRAE, DONALD C.
BENJAMIN, NATHAN W. NICHOLAS, HERBERT S.
CALOHIAN, FRANK 0. RILEY, DAVID A.
CAMPO, JOSEPH RODRIGUEZ, RENE
fCOOKE, LUTHER A. Rojo, ALBERT R.
CRAWFORD, HERBERT E. SCHUMACHER, CHAS. L.
GARCIA, RALPH SIMS, ALBERT G.
JONES, ELBERT E. 'TITTSWORTII, C. M.

PRIVATES
BANKS, CLIVE R. CURTIS, LORAN E.
BOYDE, GEORGE E. FAIRCHILD, FRANK
J hi % CARTER, ROBERT B. GEROW, EDWARD V.
CROFT, BILLIE D. GoucGi, ROBERT B.



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY

[521
















,- i ,.,


















PRIVATES SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH
FALL, CHARLES F. PADGETT, CECIL F. FIRST Row: E. L. Ramirez, M. E. Beard, C. L. Schumacher,
HAND, ALBERT E. PEERMAN, ROY W., JR. L. A. Cooke, E. S. Newcity, J. H. Spencer, H. S. Nicholas, A. J.
HAND, CHARLES P. RICHARDSON, JAMES B. Lopez, H. W. Manson.
liAND, WI.LL M. RILEY, WILLIAM E.
HAND, WILL. M. RILEY, WILLIAM E. SECOND Row: D. C. McRae, A. R. Bojo, C. F. Padgett, O. J.
HlANNON, WILLIAM A. Ross, ERNEST W. Prater, R. R. Wakely, E. E. Jones, E. W. Ross, B. D. Croft, R.
HENDERSON, CHAS. W. SANZ, FRANK T. Garcia, P. W. Olon
HOWE, VICTOR E. SESSIONS, OTIS M.
HU-CIES, AVERY E. StHURTLEFF, ROBERT E. THIRD Row: R. W. Peerman, Jr., J. Campo, .L.Williams,
JACKSON, RAYMOND D. SPENCER, JOHN H. W. E. Riley, A. E. Hughes, D. P. Walker, R. E. Shurtleff, V. E.
LYNN, VELNA V. STEPHENS, RICHARD L. Howe, R. B. Carter, G. E. Boyd.
MILAM, RICIIARD W. WAKELEY, RAYMOND R.
NELSON, HARRY L. WALKER, DONALD P.
NEWCITY, EDWARD S. WESTER, HERBERT H.
WILLIAMS, HERBERT P. County during the jail riots, and fortunately completed
its tour without casualty. On May 13, 1930, Captain
Herbert E. Harley took command, to be succeeded on
FACTUAL HISTORY July 1, 1930, by Captain Byron E. Bushnell. At camp
in 1930, the Battery won the Tampa Board of Trade
Battery "C" was mustered into service on December 5, t y the et frn battery n the rem t fr
1, h n H W r c trophy for the best firing battery in the regiment for the
1921, with Captain Homer W. Hesterly commanding.
1921, with Captain Homer W. Hestery commanding third time, and thus permanent possession. On Septem-
Fifty men were present of whom three are still in the r Captan ere Sin s ssine to
ber 17, 1931, Captain George N. Sagin was assigned to
organization. On October 1, 1922, Captain T. Byrd command. In June, 1933, the organization bid farewell
Sparkman took command and continued until October 1, to the horses and welcomed the new motor equipment
to the horses and welcomed the new motor equipment
1925, when Captain Thomas H. Dunn took over. During frn r
furnished by the Government.
this period the Battery was building up an excellent rec-
On September 3, 1935, the Battery was again called
ord for efficiency and attendance, a notable point being
that at the first summer camp in 1922, the Battery had out on active State service to maintain order at the elec-
that at the first summer camp in 1922, the Battery had
tion polls. Although the situation was very tense at
present 96 per cent of its strength.
Times, particularly after nightfall, the mission was ac-
On May 31, 1927, Battery "C" was called out on
On May 31, 1927, Battery "C" was called out on complished without serious incident, and the organization
active State duty to aid the sheriff of Hillsborough
active State duty to aid the sheriff of Hillsborough was relieved early the next morning at the height of a

tropical hurricane. On November 1, 1935, command
passed to Captain Daniel Van Dusen, who was succeeded
TA M PA F L O R I D A on October 1, 1937, by Captain Ray V. S. Rudd.

[ 53 1








P-"














Captain, Adjutant Captain, Headquarters Battery f
and Combat Train
[ /o










OFFICERS, SECOND BATTALION EG
W. EUGENE JONES
ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY Major,Commanding


ALBERT W. CONNOR, JR.
MILTON E. HULL GEORGE R. HARDY MAURICE J. WILSON First Lieutenant, L. 0. HENRY W. HOUSE, JR.
Captain, Battery E Captain, Battery F First Lieutenant, P. & T. 0. JOEL C. GARRARD Captain, Battery D
WILLIAM S. MYRICK, JR. JOHN E. MARTIN HENRY M. FULTON Second Lieutenant, Headquarters DONALD R. PIERCE
First Lieutenant, Battery D First Lieutenant, Battery E First Lieutenant. Battery F Battery and Combat Train Second Lieutenant, Battery D
BALDWIN WYLIE ROBERT M. WILBUR HENRY R. HARPER ROBERT C. HOLTZCLAW, JR. EUGENE A. LAURENT
Second Lieutenant, Battery D Second Lieutenant, Battery E Second Lieutenant, Battery E Second Lieutenant, Battery F Second Lieutenant, Battery F















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HEADQUARTERS BATTERY

AND COMBAT TRAIN
SECOND BATTALION

I I16TH FIELD ARTILLERY
BARTOW FLORIDA

(i) Iorn.C omr:i o d OrU..r.. (21 Tru i ~Jj D...r. I(3
Sw;i.,hboard Oprdtor,. (4) Intrum.:nt D.I,.I. ( F. '" C:-
ler. (6) Rddio D-: :l (161) I:I L.r. ..





.1"



















' -.







i -I'












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IL.






















SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
FIRST Row: C. T. Burgess, T. W. Holland, C. C. Wilson, H. Captain . . ... ROBERT L. HUGHES
S. Speice, J. J. Barush, F. W. Reynolds, R. G. Paterson, J. S. Second Lieutenant . . JOEL C. GARRARD
Huggart, D. Fletcher, H. C. Mercer.
SECOND Row: H. C. Floyd, J. P. Schuck, C. W. Mercer, B. B. NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
Brock, R. E. Stenger, R. J. Stenger, W. H. Terry, F. W. Schuck,
V. D. Cameron, F. Z. Lawrence. First Sergeant . . .. ROBERT P. HUGHES
Staff Sergeant . .. WATSON S. GARRARD
Staff Sergeant . . SYLVESTER 0. HARRISON

SERGEANTS
SAPP, KENNETH N. STEWART, RALPH W.
WIIIDDEN, JAMES F.

CORPORALS
BASS, NELSON E. BURGESS, CASSELL T.
BROOKS, ROBERT N. CHATHAM, GEORGE T.
MERCER, HARRY C.

PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
BARUSH, JOHiiN J. HOLLAND, THOMAS W.
BLACK, MARVIN D. REYNOLDS, FLOYD W.
CAMERON, WILLIAM D. SPEICE, HOWARD S.
HAWKINS, RICHARD C. WILSON, CLARENCE C.

PRIVATES
BROCK, BENJAMIN B. FI.EICHER, DOZIER

SECOND BATTALION CONNER, W'ILLIAM II. GIBSON, JAMES C.



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY
jJ~~~ 561 -






























LAWRENCE, FRANCIS Z. SCUCK, JOE P. F Whien, G. T. Chatham, C. Voigt, R. N. Brooks, N. .


MERCER, CARLTON W. STENGER, RAYMOND J. K N Spp
ii





























MERCER, CIIARLTON W. STENGER, RAYMOND J. Bass, K. N. Sapp.

PATERSON, ROBERT G. STENGER, RALPH E. SECOND Row: R. E. Phillips, T. Burnett, B. Reynolds, H. L.
PII.ILLIPS, ROBERT E. TERRY, WARREN H. Wilbanks, R. C. Hawkins, M. D. Black, C. M. Ryals, A. L.
REYNOLDS, BUSTER L. VOIT, EDWARD C. Wojteczko, J. C. Gibson, W. H. Conner.
RYA.LS, CARLOS M. WILBANKS, HENRY L.
WOJTECZKO, ADOLPH L.
of which occurred in September, 1926, following the hur-
ricane of that year, when the Battery did patrol work at
FACTUAL HISTORY
Moore Haven, Florida. Again, in May, 1927, the Battery
Headquarters Battery and Combat Train, Second Bat- was ordered to Tampa to aid the civil authorities in
talion, 116th Field Artillery, was organized during the subduing a riot there. Then, immediately following the
summer of 1923 by Major Roger B. Lyle. The Battery hurricane in September, 1928, the Battery performed
was extended Federal recognition on August 21, 1923. relief work for more than two weeks at Okeechobee.
The first officers of the Battery were Captain Roger B. In 1929, in connection with the campaign for the eradi-
Lyle, First Lieutenant Charles D. Appling and Second cation of the Mediterranean fruit fly in Florida, the unit
Lieutenant C. C. Harper. Following Captain Lyle, in served two months on patrol work in the Tampa area.
the order named, Captains A. T. Hackl, W. E. Jones, On March 27, 1932, the Battery was sent to Lakeland
C. S. Lloyd and George R. Hardy commanded the Bat- to aid the civil authorities there in protecting a prisoner
tery. from mob violence.
During its existence, the Battery has responded to orders The year 1939 will be commemorative of the completion
for active State duty on five different occasions, the first of a modern brick armory, replacing the outmoded 15-

year-old wooden building which has housed the unit since
B A R T O W F L O R I DA its beginning.
S57]
5~71













i. I. .'



























SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
FIRST Row: L. E. Smith, J. H. Miller, H. D. Wafford, J. E. Captain . . HENRY W. HOUSE, JR.
Albritton, C. L. Howell, L. L. Lawrence, H. W. Fussell, W. D. First Lieutenant . . WILLIAM S. MYRICK, JR.
Helm, D. B. McCorkle. Second Lieutenant . . DONALD R. PIERCE
SECOND Row: L. A. Westberry, D. W. McCormick, A. G. Second Lieutenant . . BALDWIN WYLIE
Simmons, R. T. Williams, R. B. Palmer, J. R. Davenport, C. G. NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
Covering, P. R. Bennett, R. Lang. First Sergeant . . CIIARIES R. PINSON
THIRD Row: I. F. Johnson, C. S. Johnson, E. G. Thompson,
B. L. Brandon, H. E. Halden, B. B. Safar, W. J. Rentz, A. H. SERGEANTS
English, W. E. Bradley, J. K. Carter. BOOKER, VANCE W. HUCKABAY, GEORGE S.
CARTER, JOHN K. PHILLIPS, HERBERT J.
GRIFFIN, JAMES A. PUTNAM, JOE F.
WOOD, HAROLD 0.

CORPORALS
BRANDON, BYRON L. PUTNAM, RALPH D.
COLLIER, J. B. SMITH, JOHN J., JR.
HALLER, ROBERT P. WILBANKS, JAMES L.
HELM, WILLIAM D.

PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
DOHANY, ANDREW J., JR. PALMER, RALPH B.
DOOLEY, MAX L. REGISTER, CLYDE 0.
SEDWARDS, ISAAC A. SAFAR, BENJAMIN B.
ENGLISH, ALEXANDER H. SIMMONS, JOHN W.
SHOWELL, CHESTER L. SMITH, LEWIS E.
LEFFERS, RICHARD THIIGPEN, DAVID C.
LOVERING, CURTIS G. THOMPSON, E. G.
WESTBERRY, LEONARD A.
PRIVATES
9 ALBRITTON, JAMES E. BENNETT, PAUL R.
C C O B4 BALLARD, CHARLES H. BRADLEY, WAYNE E.



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY

S58]
















dlA, o

















PRIVATES SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH
CLOUD, T. E. JOINSON, CHARLES S. FIRST Row: C. R. Pinson, J. A. Griffin, V. W. Booker, G. S.
DAVENPORT, JANSEN R. JOnINSON, INMAN F. lluckabay, II. 0. Wood, J. F. Putnam, A. R. Mathews, Jr., R.
ENGLISH, WARREN G. KEEN, II. M. D. Putnam, D. C. Thigpen.
FERGUSON, R. T., JR. KENNEDY, ILLIAM L. SECOND Row: J. L. Wilbanks, L. A. Fraser, H. M. Keen, J.
FRASER, LAWRENCE A. KEARSE sco F. W. McCullen, W. H. Garrison, C. G. Hall, T. E. Cloud, R. E.
FUSSELL, HERMAN W. LANG, R.
FUSSELL, HERMAN W. LANG, R Howell, F. Harper, 0. T. Harper, A. J. Dohany, Jr.
GARRISON, WILLIAM H. LAWRENCE, LUCION L.
HALDrEN, HARRY E., III. MATtHEWS, ARTHUR, JR. THIRD Row: G. M. Hardin, J. W. Howell, R. F. Kearse, J.
HALL, CHARLES G. MCCORKEL, DON B. W. Simmons, C. 0. Register, J. J. Smith, Jr., W. L. Kennedy,
IHALLER, RUSSELL A. MCCORMICK, D. F. Hancock, I. A. Edwards, W. G. English, C. HI. Ballard.
HANCOCK, F. MCCULLEN, JOSEPH W.
HARDIN, GRANT M. MILLER, JOE H.
HARPER, FRANK RENTZ, WILLIAM J.
HARPER, 0. T. SIMMONS, A. G.
HOWELL, JULIAN W. WAFFORD, H. D. Hughes, William Mcllwain, Jr., William S. My-
HOWELL, R. E. WILLIAMS, R. T. T
HOWELL, R. E. WILLIAMS, R.T. rick, Jr., and Second Lieutenants Robert Y. Pope,

SDonald R. Pierce, and Baldwin Wylie.
FACTUAL HISTORY
This unit was mobilized for riot duty in Tampa
This unit was organized by Captain Jesse Gil- /
,in 1926 and again on Easter Sunday, 1932, in
liam, Federally recognized and furnished with
horses and equipment on October 10, 1923. Offi-
cer personnel also included First Lieutenant Wat- Trucks replaced the horses in 1933, when the
son and Second Lieutenant Hicks. The following unit was motorized. I In 1937, a new $32,000
officers have served with the Battery: Captains armory was dedicated.
Frank Merrin, Frank J. Poitras, Robert L. When President Roosevelt visited Florida in

1936, this organization had the honor of firing
LA K E LA N D, F L O R I D A the Presidential salute at Winter Park.

t59I







BATTERY D
SECOND BATTALION

ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH
FIELD ARTILLERY "
LAKELArJD FLORIDA

(I) Ncr. Cn mn:,;cned C'rtcr. (,) Cldsroom Instruct;on. (31
krPoj, (4) TrlqiKrfe GFOLF. (SI Instrument SeclIon. (6) D;.
n.:.rI a.r P.tk. (7) M.I;nl-n.ncs Deal.j;l.






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BATTERY E
SECOND BATTALION


PLANT CITY FLOPID1.
..I(1) NonJ Co.n cn d C'iI.ti.. 12) Bi.
ferf Front. (3) NFor-Ccrr.r .c ed O1cZerS
Sergeant-Ma. or. (6) P'h.ng lrud. (7)
Firsl Surgedn. (8) %".';F Spct.on CI.mkeo .
,4 ,
....
,
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SecoND Row: L. M. Hunter, L. T. Bridges, L. H. Cooper, J.
-i



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W. Booth, A L. Dyal JT. Blan.on, J.. .-Young, J. A. Ker- .-M.' OFFI-ERS
SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
FIRST Row: V. C. Dempsey, C. E. Connor, W D.Ad Pearson, Captain .n. ... . MILTON E. HULL
B. Loveluggins, E. G. Snowden, U. S. Anderson, C. A. Christen- First LieutenantA............ JOHN E. MARTIN
berry, J. W. Chambers, N. H1. Rentz. Second Lieutenant .... .......... HENRY R. HARPER
SEcON*ts Row: L. M. Hunter, L. T. Bridges, L. H. Cooper, J. Second Lieutenant............... ROBERT M. WILBUR
XV. Booth, A. L. Dyal, J. T. Blanton, J. C. Young, J. A. Ker-

THIlIR Row: 0. S. Tershansey, A. E. Ham, 0. Adams, W. H. First Sergeant . ..... WILLIAM C. DEMPSEY
Lovelace, S. L. Thomas, W. A. Wilkes, L. S. Parnell, C. A.
Ogden, L. E. DeMontmollin, R. II. Cason, Jr., W. 0. Hodges, Jr. SERGEANTS
ANDERSON, ULIS S. HIUGcGNS, BROWARD
CHAMBERS, JOHN W. PEARSON, WIL.IAM 1).
CHRISTENBERRY, C. A. RENT, NORMAN H.
CONNOR, CHARLES E. SNOWDEN, EDWARD G.

CORPORALS
BOLANDER, PAUL H. KUCSMA, ERNEST E.
HAGAN, VINCENT T. MOORE, GEORGE M.
HOLBROOK, JAMES R. PARNELL, WM. C., JR.
RAY, ROBERT A.

PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
ADAMS, OLIVER LOVELACE, WILLIAM H.
CASON, ROBT. H., JR. OGDON, CLAUDE A.
CONNOR, NATHAN H. PARNELL, LINDSEY S.
CROSBY, HENRY C. PASCHALL, RAYMOND A.
DEMONTMOLLIN, L. E. SMITI, CHARLIE N.
DRISKELL, EUGENE E. CURRENCY, G. W., JR.
HAM, ARTHUR E. TERSHANSEY, OLIVER S.
HODGES, WILLIAM 0., JR. THOMAS, SAM L.
WILKES, WILLIAM A.

PRIVATES
BLANTON, JOHN T. BUCHMAN, MANUEL
BLANTON, WILBURN L. CONNELL, GEORGE V.
BOOTH, JAMES V. COOPER, LUTHER II.
S.BOOTH, JOSEPH H. CROSBY, JULIAN T.
BRIDGES, LEWIS T. DYAI,, ALviN L.



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY

[621












4,
,r ' ,-,? i















. .-. '.. ._... -",-- -- _-----i.?-


PRIVATES SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH
IIXSON, JOHN B. PEARSON, MONROE II. FIRST Row: P. II. Bolander, G. W. Moore, E. E. Kucsma, J.
EInDGMON, WILLIAM 11. PONDER, RALPH E., JR. R. Holbrook, V. T. Hagan, N. II. Connor, E. E. Driskell, P. G.
HAGAN, MFLOYD E. RAY, PEARL G. Ray, H. C. Crosby, G. W. Surrency, Jr.
HAGAN, FLOYD L RAY. CHARLES F.
HOOKER, LORANZO T. SCARBOROUGH, WM. J. SECOND Row: L. T. Hooker, H. M. Wood, N. W. Fleming,
HUNTER, LEONARD M. SIMMONS, WILLIAM J. J. H. Booth, M. E. Futch, J. B. Dixson, C. J. Weeks, J. H. Pea-
HUTTO, ELDRIDGE TUCKER, LOUIs 0., JR. cock, C. C. Waldron, C. N. Smith.
KERSEY, JAMES A. WALDRON, CECIL C.
KITE, MARKEY WEEKS, CALVIN J. THIRD Row: M. H. Pearson, C. F. Ray, L. 0. Tucker, Jr.,
KNIGHT, HOMER B. WEST, DOUGLAS B. R. E. McDaniels, M. Kite, R. E. Ponder, Jr., D. B. West, W. J.
McDANIELS, ROBERT E. WOOD, HENRY M. Scarborough, J. T. Crosby, H. B. Knight, M. Buchman.
PEACOCK, JIMMIE II. YOUNG, JAMES C.



FACTUAL HISTORY City with General Vivian Collins and other prominent
National Guard and Army officers present.
Battery "E," "116th Field Artillery, on August 15, Captain Nat Cemons, Word War veteran, was
Captain Nat Clemons, World War veteran, was
1923, succeeded Company "E," 124th Infantry, which the first commanding officer of Battery "E," with
the first commanding officer of Battery "E," with
served during the War with Mexico and the World
First Lieutenant Frank G. Merrin, Second Lieutenants
War. Battery "E" has enjoyed more than 15 years Lewis G. Carlton and Calvin G. Moore (deceased).
of steady progress and today is quartered in one of Carlton succeeded Clemons as Captain in June, 1926.
'Carlton succeeded Clemons as Captain in June, 1926.
the finest armory buildings in the State. The truck He was succeeded in June, 1933, by Captain Irving
He was succeeded in June, 1933, by Captain Irving
and gun sheds and caretaker's home were completed S. Tillotson, who served until May, 1938, when Cap-
last year at an approximate cost of $40,000. On No- Milton E. Hull took command. Other present
tain Milton E. Hull took command. Other present
vember 14, 1938, the armory, truck and gun sheds
commissioned officers are First Lieutenant John E.
and caretaker's home, all built of stone taken from Martin, Second Lieutenants Robert H. Harper and
Martin, Second Lieutenants Robert H. Harper and
the nearby Hillsborough River, were dedicated at Plant Rort Wilbur. William C. Dem ey, secon
Robert M. Wilbur. William C. Dempsey, second

oldest man in point of service in the battery, is First

PLANT CITY, FLORIDA Sergeant.

[63 1











r































SHOWN IN PHOTOGRAPH COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
FIRST Row: B. E. Wasmund, S. L. Richardville, D. H. Sher- Captain . . . GEORGE R. HARDY
man, R. L. MacCalla, Jr., W. R. Boland, C. R. Abel, C. M. First Lieutenant . . HENRY M. FULTON
Johnson. Second Lieutenant . ROBERT C. HOLTZCLAW, JR.
Johison. Second Lieutenant . . EUGENE A. LAURENT
SECOND Row: C. J. Anderson, G. A. Pottinger, W. Harrison,
C. T. Fowler, 0. B. Howard, H. R. Wells, R. E. Patton, A. E. NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
Knighton. First Sergeant . . RAYMOND L. MACCALLA, JR.
THIRD ROW: H. P. Sanders, V. Madden, J. T. Sutherland,
A. B. Tanner, J. C. Smith, H. Hammac, E. N. Griner, D. J. SERGEANTS
Griner, R. R. Tanner. BOLAND, WILLARD R. JOINSON, CLYDE M.
DOUGLAS, BENJAMIN T. RICHARDVILLE, S. L
GARNER, Gus SHERMAN, DANIEL H.


CORPORALS
ABEL, CHARLES R. FREEMAN, A. H., JR.
CHELETTE, WAYLON W. FREEMAN, MARTIN A.
DAVIS, JOHN B. STANLEY, FREMONT B.
HWASMUND, HOWARD 0.

PRIVATES FIRST CLASS
ANDERSON, RUSSELL E. KNIGHTON, ALLEN E.
GRINER, DANIEL J. O'QUIN, PATRICK C.
GRINER, ETIIRIDGE N. POTTINGER, GEORGE A.
JACKSON, STEADMAN H. WOODHAM, EDWARD K.

PRIVATES
ANDERSON, CHARLIE J. DAVIS, HORACE C.
BEAUCHAMP, WILLARD A. DUKES, GLENN W.
BISSETT, JOHN F. EUBANKS, ISMA L.
CAMPBELL, RICHARD D. FOWLER, CHARLES T.
CLEMONS, MYRON H. FRAISER, EDWARD R.
COMERFORD, JOE R. FREEMAN, JAMES W.
COOPER, LATIMER C. HALE, OSWALD D.
c)AvIsd EARL W. ITAMMAC, CALVIN N.



ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTEENTH FIELD ARTILLERY

[64]










5-




























JouNsoN, GEORGE L. SAYE, THOMAS G. SECOND Row: H. L. M S. H. Jackson. J. D. Paulk, M.
MADEN, VINsoN SMIT, JoN C H. emons, T. G. Saye, A. L. Roberts, J. W. Freeman, E. W.










POONE, ILLIAM E. WELLS, HARRIS R. SCD, R. H l l S
WHEELER, IIE








PRFAC TUAL HISTORY Regular Army.IN PHOTOGRAPH
The Service, Battery, 116th Field Artill ROBER, ALBthe originT L. FIRST Row:eld Artillery, Apr., H. a1937, under comm. T. and ofug-
National, Guard organization ANER, HOWaven, Fl. asorida, W. ChCaptain Georgette, R. Halerdys, ieutenanlets, Hen. C.ry Wheeler.


HOWARreceived Federal recognition August 29AE, JOH1923, under co- Albert B. Connor, Jr., and Joseph J. Scherer asW.
mnd fORROW, WILLIAM E. SUTHERLPaul HaymanND,, who was succeeded battery officComerford.
MULLANEY, HARRELL L. SZEGLOWSi, ALFONS






by CaptainLK, JAMES Donald MacCalla on September 19, 1924,Saye, G. W. Dukes, I.anded field training in JulyC. Cooper, E. K.1937, de-
WHEELER, WILLIE C. ham, R. D. Campbell



holds the rank of First Lieutenant of Infantry in the
FACTUAL HISTORY Regular Army.

The Service Battery was redesignated as Battery "F,"
The Service Battery, s follow6th Field Artillery, the original 11commiss6th Field Artillery, April 1, 1937, under command of
National Guard organization at Winter Haven, Florida, Captain George R. Hardy, with Lieutenants Henry W.
received Federal recognition August 29, 1923, undeuver. coLieutenant House Jr., and Joseph J. Scherer as
mand of Captain W. Paul Hayman, who was succeeded battery officers.
by Captain J. Donald MacCalla on September 19, 1924, Battery "F" attended field training in uly, 1937, de-January
with Lieutenants Thomas L. Starnes and Frank J. Poitras livering all types of fire in a creditable manner. Lieuten-
as battery officers. This Battery participated in activent 39 being replace as executive by First Lieutenant
state service as follows: Florida hurricane, 1926, and at commissioned in June, 1938, and assigned to Battery "F."
Tampa, 1927. It was noted for pistol marksmanship and The Battery participated in Third Army Maneuvers in

high morale. The band, in charge of Warrant Officer Mississippi in 1938, functioning satisfactorily throughout
Frank A. Oren, was disbanded in 1937. the maneuver. Lieutenant House assumed command of
Charles E. Frederic who began his military career Battery "D," 116th Field Artillery, at Lakeland, January
in this battery, won the National Guard appointment 1, 1939, being replaced as executive by First Lieutenant
to the United States Military Academy in 1926 and now Henry M. Fulton.
A modern armory, which will provide every facility for
the proper functioning of this outstanding battery, is now
WINTER HAVEN, FLORIDA under construction.

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