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RIGHTS & RESTRICTIONS
Items collected here were originally published by the
Florida National Guard, many as part of its SPECIAL
ARCHIVES PUBLICATION series. Contact the Florida
National Guard for additional information.
The Florida National Guard reserves all rights to
content originating with the Guard.
Titles from the SPECIAL ARCHIVES PUBLICATION series
were digitized by the University of Florida in
recognition of those serving in Florida's National
Guard, many of whom have given their lives in
defense of the State and the Nation.
FLORIDIANS; SERVICE ABSTRACTS
CONFEDERATE STATES NAVY AND FLORIDA NAVAL MILITIA
ST. AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA
DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AFFAIRS
OFFICE OF THE ADJUTANT GENERAL
POST OFFICE BOX 1008
STATE ARSENAL, ST. AUGUSTINE
The Special Archives Publication Series of the Historical
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communities, historians, government agencies, and to any other
individuals, historical or geneological societies, and national
or regionaL governmental agencies which find the information
contained herein of use or value.
At present, copies of all Special Archives Publications are
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Information about the series is available from the
Historical Services Division, Department of Military Affairs,
State Arsenal, St. Augustine, Florida.
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MEN OF FLORIDA IN THE CONFEDERATE STATES NAVY AND MARINE CORPS
The men listed below served in the Navy and Marine Corps of the
Confederate States of America, 1861-1865. All were either born
in, or appointed from, the State of Florida. The information is
derived from U.S., C.S. Navy records and documents in the Florida
military archives. Included are a number of Florida men known to
have served in the small Confederate Navy ships C.S.S. SPRAY AND
CHATTAHOOCHIE operating on the rivers and in the bays of
Northwest Florida and Western Georgia. Some went on to serve
elsewhere during the war and some remained in Florida waters the
entire period. In addition, a large number of Floridians served
aboard the C.S.S. JEFFERSON DAVIS during its brief cruise in 1861
and most of them entered Florida infantry regiments after the
ship's destruction. The name of only one Floridian who served
aboard the latter ship is known.
Very few enlisted personnel are Iisted for either the C.S.N or
C.S.M.C. as the records are unavailable or incomplete. Ralph
Donnelly's book, "Service Records of Confederate Enlisted
Marines" contains a wealth of information but only rarely is the
home of record included. The three enlisted Marines from
Florida in his list are included here. As Florida did not
maintain a Marine Corps recruiting facility, many Floridians may
have enlisted in Mobile or Savannah and are thus listed in
ARLEDGE, George H. Master, Lieutenant, C.S.N.
Born and appointed from Florida. Master, not in line for
promotion, 21 February 1862. Lieutenant for the war, 7
January 1864, to rank from 25 May 1863. First Lieutenant
2 June 1864 to rank from 6 January 1864. Special Duty
1863. C.S.S. ATLANTA; captured 17 June 1863. C.S.S.
FREDERICKSBURG, James River Squadron; Detached 12 February
1865 and ordered to temporary command of the C.S.S.
BAKER, Adam Neill Lieutenant, C.S. Marines
Born in Pennsylvania about 1835. He was appointedto the U.S.
Marine Corps from Florida 12 September 1853. Following his
marriage in 1858, he requested sea duty. Baker was
court-martialed in 1860 but found not guilty. He resigned from
the USMC 20 April 1861 and became a captain in the Virginia
Marine Corps. He became a first lieutenant, C.S. Marine Corps
from Florida, 6 June 1861 and dropped 10 October 1862. While some
records indicate Baker served with the C.S. Navy later in the
war, actually he deserted to the Union in November 1861 at
Pensacola. He was the son of Captain Daniel D. Baker,
U.S.M.C., brother of Francis H. Baker, U.S.N. and nephew of
Surgeon Adam Neill McLaren, U.S.Army.
BAKER, James McC. Lieutenant, C.S. Navy
Born and enlisted from Florida, commissioned by C.S. Congress.
Began war as member of Dreux's Battalion of Louisiana
Infantry, On 23 January 1862, transferred to the Washington
Artillery. Lieutenant for the war, 26 February 1862. Master
not in line of promotion, C.S. Navy 23 March 1862. First
Lieutenant, Provisional Navy, 2 June 1864, to rank from
6 January 1864. Served on C.S.S. LOUISIANA; escaped at
surrender of Forts Jackson and St. Phil Iip, 28 April 1862.
C.S.S. CHATTAHOOCHIE, 1863. Served as First Lieutenant
commanding, C.S.S. HUNTSVILLE with Mobile Squadron,
1864-1865. Surrendered 4 May 1865; paroled 10 May 1865.
BAKER, Page M. Master's Mate, Master, C.S. Navy
Enlisted from Florida. First War service in the Confederate
Army. Acting Master's Mate, Provisional Navy, 2 June 1864.
Served on the C.S.S. HUNTSVILLE, Alabama waters and with
Mobile Squadron 1864-1865. Surrendered 4 May 1865; paroled
10 May 1865.
BANKS, John S. Assistant Paymaster, C.S. Navy
Born in North Carolina; appointed to C.S.N. from Florida.
Assistant Paymaster 22 April 1862; Assistant Paymaster
Provisional Navy 2 June 1864. Served aboard the C.S.S.
PALMETTO STATE, 1862-1864.
BAYA, Wil iam Lieutenant, C.S. Marines
Enlisted from Florida. Lieutenant of C.S. Marines aboard
the C.S.S. JEFFERSON DAVIS. Later service as Lieutenant
Colonel, 8th Florida Infantry. Wounded at Bristoe Station,
Under Captain C.R. Jones; C.S.S. CHATTAHOOCHIE.
BRENT, Daniel Gonzalez 2nd Lieutenant, C.S. Marine Corps
Born in the District of Columbia but raised in Florida.
Appointed to C.S. Marine Corps from Florida, 30 March 1863.
He was the son of Thomas Brent, C.S.N. and Merced Gonzales of
Pensacola. Between 1861 and 1863, Brent served with the
Rifle Rangers (Company A, 2nd Florida Infantry), the
Pensacola Guards (Company K, 1st Florida Infantry) and with
the Army of the Tennessee until appointed to the C.S.M.C.
He served in various capacities with the Savannah Squadron,
1863-1865. On 1 March 1865, assigned to temporary duty
aboard the C.S.S. MACON of the Savannah Squadron. After the
war he worked in Mobile and later in Pensacola. He died 28
November 1918; burial in St. Michael's Cemetery.
BRENT, Thomas W. Commander, C.S. Navy
Born in the District of Columbia. Resigned commission in
U.S. Navy 19 January 1861. Enlisted from Florida 1862.
Commissioned by C.S. Congress as Commander to rank from
26 March 1861. Mobile Squadron, 1863-1864. Commanding
Officer, C.S.S. SAVANNAH, Savannah Squadron 1864. Prisoner;
Paroled 22 May 1865 at Mobile, Alabama.
CARDY, Joseph Assistant Engineer, C.S. Navy
Born in Florida. Appointed from Florida. Entered service
14 March 1863; 2nd Assistant Engineer 15 June 1863; 2nd
Assistant Engineer Provisional Navy 2 June 1864. Served
aboard the C.S.S. SAVANNAH, 1863-1864, Savannah Squadron.
CARNES, William W. 1st Lieutenant, C.S. Navy
Entered service from Florida. Served in the C.S. Army,
1861-1864. Transferred to the C.S. Navy in 1864, appointed
Executive Officer on the C.S.S. SAVANNAH. Transferred to
the C.S.S. SAMPSON as Commander. Surrendered at Macon,
Georgia, 10 May 1865. (Information provided by William
Carnes in 1924, then resident at Bradenton, Florida)
Under Captain George Hays; ship unknown; probably
C.S.S. SPRAY or on one of the prize crews 1862.
Under Captain Lewis; C.S.S. SPRAY
Enlisted December 1862. Under Captain McLaughlin, Naval
Under Captain Lewis; C.S.S. SPRAY
COONROD, Lorenzo D.
Under Captain C.R. Jones; C.S.S. CHATTAHOOCHIE. Transfered
to C.S.S. SAVANNAH in 1863.
Enlisted in 1863. Under Captain Lewis; C.S.S. SPRAY
CONE, William H.
Enlisted 11 April 1864. Under Captain Lewis; C.S.S. SPRAY
DYKE, James H. Midshipman, C.S. Navy
Born and enlisted/appointed from Florida as Acting
Midshipman 24 September 1861. Midshipman Provisional Navy
2 June 1864. Served as a Midshipman aboard the C.S.S.
FLORIDA, 1862-1864. Saw temporary duty aboard the bark
LOPWING, March 1863 and aboard the C.S.S. RAPPAHANNOCK,
Service details unknown but believed served aboard
FAGAN, Henry Assistant Engineer, C.S. Navy
Born in Florida; appointed from the District of Columbia,
23 July 1861. Previous service in the U.S. Navy as a 3rd
Assistant Engineer. Served aboard the C.S.S. MCRAE in
Louisana; taken prisoner at surrender Forts Jackson and
St. Phillip, 28 April 1862. Assigned duty aboard the
C.S.S. CHATTAHOOCHIE in late 1862 and killed by a boiler
explosion, 27 May 1863.
FERRAND, Ebenezer Commander/Captain, C.S. Navy
Born in New York; enlisted from Florida. Previous service
in the U.S. Navy. Commissioned by C.S. Congress in 1861
and assigned Commander in charge of Light House Bureau,
Louisiana 1861. During 1862-1863, Ferrand commanded the
works at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia, the Navy Yard at Pensacola,
Florida and the Naval Works at Selma, Alabama. Captain of
the Provisional Navy 1863. Commanding in Mobile Bay,
1864-1865. Surrendered 4 May 1865 and paroled 10 May 1865.
(Died, Attalla, Alabama, 20 March 1873).
FRY, Joseph Lieutenant, C.S. Navy
Born in, and appointed from Florida by the C.S. Congress.
Previous service in U.S. Navy; resigned 1 February 1861.
Commissioned 1st Lieutenant, C.S.N. 26 March 1861.
Lieutenant Provisional Navy 2 June 1864, to rank from 6
January 1864. Served as Lieutenant of the Light House
Inspectorate, Louisiana, 1861. 1St Lieutenant Commanding,
C.S.S. IVY, 1862 and aboard the C.S.S. MAUREPAS, on the
Mississippi River, 1862; wounded in action. On special
service 1863-1864. Surrendered at Mobile, Alabama 4 May
1865 and paroled 10 May 1865. (Killed; Santiago, Cuba, 7
Enlisted March 1862. Under Captain McCary; C.S.S. SPRAY
GONZALES, Samuel Zacharias Quartermaster, C.S. Marine Corps
Enlisted from Florida. Son of Don Manuel Gonzales of Pensacola.
Appointed Storekeeper, U.S.N. 6 June 1854. Stationed at
Pensacola 1860. Naval Storekeeper; resigned same day
Pensacola surrendered to Confederate forces. Commissioned
by C.S. Congress as a Quartermaster, rank of Major, C.S.
Marine Corps on 3 April 1861. Resigned 13 September 1861.
Appointed Naval Storekeeper at Pensacola the same day.
Served there and at Mobile until the end of the war.
Paroled 7 May 1865. Uncle of Daniel Brent, C.S.M.C.
HALBERT, John Landsman, C.S. Navy
Service in the C.S. Army 1861-1863. Entered service at
Macon, Georgia 1861. Served in Company C, Brown's Light
Infantry, 1st Georgia. Re-enlisted at Pensacola, Florida
in the Washington Artillery; detached to Scott's Battery
1863. Detached after Chickamagua to Marshall's Battery.
Re-enlisted for war 1863 and transferred to the C.S. Navy,
early 1864. Left service at Wilmington, North Carolina 2
HARMON, T. H.
Under Captain Jones; C.S.S. CHATTAHOOCHIE
HENDERSON, Nathaniel K. Assistant Surgeon, C.S. Navy
Enlisted from Florida; commissioned by C.S. Congress
February 1864. Assistant Surgeon Provisional Navy 2 June
1864. Served aboard the C.S.S. CHICORA during 1864.
HOGUE, William S. Midshipman, C.S. Navy
Born in Florida. Appointed Midshipman from Florida in
C.S.N. 24 November 1862. Midshipman Provisional Navy 2 June
1864. Served at the Naval Station, St. Marks, Florida 1862-
1863. Aboard the C.S.S. CHATTAHOOCHIE in Florida waters and
the C.S.S. SAVANNAH in Georgia waters during 1863. Ordered
to the C.S.S. ISONDIGA 31 December 1863 and the C.S.S.
RESOLUTE 1 February 1864 of the Savannah Squadron. Aboard
the C.S.S. RICHMOND in Virginia during 1864.
HOLMES, George Captain, C.S. Marine Corps
Enlisted and commissioned a captain in the C.S. Marine Corps
by the C.S. Congress from Florida, 29 March 1961. Previous
service in the U.S. Marine Corps, 3 March 1849 to 28
February 1861. Prior service in Livingston's Company, Florida
Volunteers, War with Mexico, 1847-1848. Recruiter, New
Orleans, 1861, Pensacola and Port Royal, 1861; Drewry's
Bluff, Virginia 1862-1865. Captured at Sayler's Creek,
6 April 1865. Paroled 25 July 1865. Died at home,
Jacksonville Florida before July 1888.
IVES, Norman M. Midshipman, C.S. Navy
Enlsited from Florida in C.S. Navy. Served at Charleston
aboard the C.S.S. INDIAN CHIEF as midshipman until time of
evacuation. The served with the 2nd Florida Infantry,
Florida Brigade, Army of Northern Virginia until close of
war. (Home in Lake City, Florida).
Served aboard the C.S.S. SAVANNAH as an engineer. Captured
in 1863 and died in prison at Fort Warren, 13 October 1863.
KELLY, William J. Paymaster, C.S. Navy
Born in Florida. Enlisted and commissioned by the C.S.
Congress from Florida as Paymaster, C.S.N. 26 March 1861.
Previous service as Paymaster, U.S. Navy; resigned 21
January 1861. Service with the Savannah Squadron, 1862-
1864; Mobile Squadron 1864-1865. Surrendered 4 May 1865
and paroled 10 May 1865.
MALLORY, Stephen R. Secretary of the C.S. Navy
Born in the West Indies. Appointed from Florida; Secretary
Confederate States Navy, 1861-1865.
MITCHELL, John K. Commander/Captain, C.S. Navy
Born in North Carolina. Appointed and commissioned from
Florida by the C.S. Congress. Prior service with U.S.
Navy. Commander, C.S.N. 11 November 1861. Commander,
C.S.N. 23 October 1862 to rank from 26 March 1861. Captain
Commanding Naval Force, Lower Mississippi, 1862; captured
at the fall of Forts Jackson and St. Phillip 28 April 1862.
Prisoner of war, Fort Warren, 1862. Aide to Secretary of
the C.S. Navy and Chief, Bureau of Orders and Detail, 1863-
1864. Captain commanding, James River Squadron, 1864 to
1865; flagship C.S.S. RICHMOND, later C.S.S. VIRGINIA.
Transferred command to Rear-Admiral Rafael Semmes, 18
MOORE, James W.
Under Captain Lewis; C.S.S. SPRAY
NOYES, A. B. Master, C.S. Navy
Born in New York. Appointed from Florida as Master, C.S.N.
not in line for promotion 28 November 1861. Naval Station
in Florida, 1862-1863.
O'NEAL, George H. Assistant Paymaster, C.S. Navy
Appointed from Florida. Assistant Paymaster, 23 April 1862.
Assistant Paymaster, Provisional Navy 2 June 1864. Naval
Works Selma, Alabama, 1862-1863; special service 1863-1864.
Surrendered at Mobile, Alabama 4 May 1865; paroled 10 May
PACETTY, A. A. (or A. N.) Master, C.S. Navy
Born in Florida. Appointed from Florida as Master, C.S.N.
not in line of promotion, 5 November 1861. Served aboard
C.S.S. ALERT, 1862-1863. Mobile Squadron 1863-1864.
PEARSON, Charles G. Assistant Paymaster, C.S. Navy
Enlisted from Florida. Commissioned by C.S. Congress.
Served as Assistant Paymaster, James River Squadron in
Virginia waters, 1864.
PHILLIPS, James M.
Enlisted November 1861. Under Captain George Hays. Ship
unknown but believed the C.S.S. SPRAY or as a prize crew
RANEY, David Greenway Jr. Lieutenant, C.S. Marine Corps
Son of David G. Raney and Francis H. Jordan. Born in
Apalachicola, Florida 29 October 1838. Parents from
Petersburg, Virginia who settled in Florida in 1826. Raney
enlisted in Cropp's Company, 1st Florida Infantry 4 April
1861; resigned May 3rd to accept appointment as 2nd Lt.
C.S.M.C. Commanded steamer TIME at Pensacola 1861. Later
service at Port Royal, South Carolina and C.S.S. Savannah
1862. Brief service at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia 1862,
Commander of Marines, C.S.S. TENNESSEE Mobile, Alabama.
Captured at Battle of Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. Interned
at New Orleans but escaped and remained with C.S. forces
in Alabama until paroled 10 May 1865. Died at his home in
Apalachicola 26 February 1903.
RENSHAW, Francis B. Lieutenant, C.S. Navy
Born in Pennsylvania. Commissioned 1st Liuetenant, C.S.N.
26 March 1861. Prior service in U.S. Navy; resigned 22
January 1861. 1st Lieutenant 23 October 1862 to rank from
2 October 1862. Lieutenant and Commanding Officer of C.S.S.
JACKSON, in Louisiana waters 1862. Commander Provisional
Navy to rank from 13 May 1863. Duty with C.S. Army
1862-1863. Assigned to naval defenses, 1864 and command of
C.S.S. DALMON, 5 February 1864.
RUNYAN, William B. Assistant Paymaster, C.S. Navy
Enlisted from Florida; commissioned by C.S. Congress.
Served as Assistant Paymaster in 1864.
SCHOLLS, Jacob S. 1st Sergeant C.S. Marine Corps
Born Easton, Pennsylvania 1820. Enlisted in U.S.M.C. from
Florida 27 August 1844. Stationed and remained at Pensacola
until 1856. (Except while with Company C during Mexican War)
Enlisted in C.S. Marine Corps 25 March 1861 from
Florida. 1st Sergeant, C.S.S. VIRGINIA 1861-1862. Died
Camp Beall, Drewry's Bluff Virginia 31 August 1862. Burial
Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia. (Married Briget
Thompson of Pensacola 31 January 1847).
SCHOLLS, James Lawrence Musician, C.S. Marine Corps
Enlisted from Florida 24 February 1864. Lived in Pensacola.
Florida Pension, 1921.
SCHOLLS, William Henry Musician, C.S. Marine Corps
Enlisted from Florida 3 April 1862. Served with Company's B
and C at Drewry's Bluff and later, with Company D, 1st
Regiment, (Semmes) Naval Brigade. Paroled, Greensboro,
North Carolina 1 May 1865.
SENAC, Felix Paymaster, C.S. Navy
Enlisted from Florida; commissioned by C.S. Congress. Prior
service in U.S. Navy. Served as Paymaster 1861; aboard ship
SHIPLE, J. H.
Under Captain Lewis; C.S.S. SPRAY. Paroled May 1865.
STEVENS, Henry K. Lieutenant, C.S. Navy
Enlisted from Florida; commissioned by C.S. Congress. Prior
service in U.S. Navy. Lieutenant 1861; 1st Lieutenant and
Executive Officer aboard the C.S.S. ARKANSAS in Mississippi
River 1862. 1st Lieutenant aboard the C.S.S. COTTON in
Texas waters 1863. Killed in action during engagement with
Union batteries, 14 February 1863.
STOCKTON, Edward Canty Master/Lieutenant, C.S. Navy
Born in Florida. Appointed from Florida Prior service in
U.S. Navy; dismissed as Lieutenant 30 June 1858. Master
not in line of promotion C.S.N. 6 March 1862. Lieutenant
26 February 1863 and 1st Lieutenant Provisional Navy 2 June
1864 to rank from 6 January 1864. Served aboard the C.S.S.
LADY DAVIS at the capture of ship A.B. THOMPSON, 19 May
1861. Assigned C.S.S. GAINES, 1862-1863 and C.S.S. CHICORA
Charleston Squadron 1863-1864.
SYFRETTE, F. M. E.
Enlisted September 1862. Under Captain Jones; C.S.S.
CHATTAHOOCHIE. Paroled May 1865.
TAYLOR, G. T.
Enlisted 1862. Under Captain Jones; C.S.S. CHATTAHOOCHIE.
Enlisted 1862. Under Captain Lewis; C.S.S. SPRAY. Paroled
TOMB, (or TOMBS), James H. Engineer, C.S. Navy
Born in Florida. Enlisted from Florida; commissioned
by C.S. Congress as 3rd Assistant Engineer. He had
previously declined appointment as 3rd Assistant Engineer
U.S. Navy, 23 April 1861. Service aboard C.S.S. LOUISIANA
at the time of the surrender of Forts Jackson and St.
Phillip 28 April 1862. 2nd Assistant Engineer 5 September
1862. Aboard C.S.S. CHICORA with the Charleston Squadron,
1862-1864 and aboard the Torpedo Boat JUNO in South Carolina
waters 1863. 1st Assistant Engineer 15 August 1863. Chief
Engineer Provisional Navy 2 June 1864 to rank from 5 October
1863; nominated by President Davis to be promoted for
gallantry and meritorious conduct in the expedition to
destroy the Union Frigate NEW IRONSIDES in Charleston
Harbor, 5 October 1863. Later service aboard C.S.S. MCRAE
with the Mobile Squadron.
WATLINGTON, Francis Lieutenant, C.S. Navy
Appointed from Florida. Lieutenant for the war 5 May 1863.
1st Lieutenant Provisional Navy 2 June 1864 to rank from
6 January 1864. Served aboard the C.S.S. TENNESSEE with the
Mobile Squadron 1863-1865. Surrendered 4 May 1865; paroled
10 May 1865.
WILKINSON, William W. Master, C.S. Navy
Enlisted from Florida. Served as Master, C.S.N. 1861-
WILSON, Joseph David Midshipman/Lieutenant C.S. Navy
Born in Florida. Appointed from Florida as Midshipman by
C.S. Congress 23 April 1861. Prior service in U.S. Navy;
resigned as Acting Midshipman, U.S.N. 5 March 1861. Acting
Master, 24 September 1861; Lieutenant for war 8 February
1862; 2nd Lieutenant 23 October 1862 to rank from 2 October
1862. Served aboard the C.S.S. SUMPTER 1861; abroad 1862-63.
Service aboard the C.S.S. ALABAMA 1863-1864. Taken prisoner
19 June 1864; paroled by Captain Winslow, U.S.N. Commanding
the U.S.S. KEARSARGE. Service with C.S.S. VIRGINIA and
HAMPTON with the James River Squadron 1864-1865. With the
Semmes Naval Brigade at surrender.
WRIGHT, Augustus O. Midshipman/Master C.S. Navy
Enlisted from Florida October 1861. Midshipman aboard the
C.S.S. LADY DAVIS 1861. Transfered to the C.S.S. SAMPSON
January 1862. Later service aboard the C.S.S. SAVANNAH,
ISONDIGA during 1862-1863. Assigned to the C.S.S. PATRICK
HENRY 1863-1864 in the James River Squadron. Transfered to
Fort Fisher, North Carolina 1864; briefly a prisoner when
that fort was captured but escaped in the darkness and
eventually ordered to Richmond. Promoted Master in command
of C.S.S. HAMPTON; burnt his ship when Admiral Semmes
ordered the James River Squadron destroyed in April 1865.
Served with the Semmes Naval Brigade attached to General
Johnston's Army and surrendered, Greensboro, North Carolina.
(Information provided by subject in 1924, Jacksonville,
SHIPS OF THE CONFEDERATE NAVY ABOARD WHICH FLORIDIANS SERVED
Perhaps the most famous of all Confederate ships, the
ALABAMA was a commerce raider built in Great Britian during 1862.
Commanded by Captain Rafael Semmes, the ALABAMA spent 21 months
operating against Union shipping in several of the Seven Seas.
The ALABAMA took more than 60 prizes. On the 19th of June 1864,
the ALABAMA sallied from Cherbourg, France to fight the USS
KEARSARGE and was forced to strike her colors, a sinking hulk.
The ALERT was a Iighthouse tender seized by Alabama
authorities in 1861 and served with the CS Navy squadron at
The ARKANSAS was an armoured ram operating on the Yazoo and
Mississippi Rivers during 1862. She became part of the Vicsburg
defenses when she forced her way out of the Yazoo in July 1862,
destroying a Union ship in the process. Several times attacked,
and engine problems forced the abandonment and destruction of the
ARKANSAS near Baton Rouge, Louisania in August 1862.
Originally an English blockade runner, the ATLANTA became
part of the CS Navy in 1862, assigned to the Savannah Squadron.
The ATLANTA was captured by Union monitors in Wassaw Sound,
Georgia, 17 June 1863.
Previously a civilian ship, the BEAUFORT became part of the
CS Navy in 1861. She participated in the actions near Roanoke
Island and Elizabeth City North Carolina in February 1862 and
afterwards became tender to CSS VIRGINIA (Former MERRIMAC) at
Newport. Following the evacuation of Norfolk, the BEAUFORT joined
the James River Squadron with which she served the remainder of
The CHATTAHOOCHIE was constructed in Safford, Georgia during
1862-1863 and designed to operate on the rivers bays of western
Florida. The ship suffered from mechanical problems and suffered
a boiler explosion in May 1863, killing 18 men. After a checkered
career, the CHATTAHOOCHIE was abandoned and burned to prevent
capture in December 1864.
Built as an iron ram in 1862, the CHICORA had a
distinguished career in the defense of Charleston, South Carolina
including the action which caused the capture of USS MERCEDITA in
January 1863. Involved in transporting troops and fighting Union
ships and batteries, the CHICORA provided the first volunteer
crew for the CSS HUNLEY, a submarine. The CHICORA was burned to
prevent capture when Charleston was evacuated in February 1865.
The first of the British-built Confederate commerce raiders,
the FLORIDA had a brilliant career against Union shipping, second
only to the ALABAMA. She was captured by a Union ship while
anchored in a neutral Brazilian seaport during October 1864.
The FREDRICKSBURG, built 1862-1863, was especially
constructed to become a part of the James River Squadron below
Richmond with which it served until destroyed to prevent capture
in April 1865.
The GAINES was built in Mobile, Alabama 1861-1862 for
service with the Mobile Squadron. Following a heroic sortie
against Union forces 5 August 1864, the GAINES was run aground
and destroyed to prevent capture.
A wooden gunboat built at Norfolk, 1862, the HAMPTON served
with the James River Squadron the remainder of the war, being
destroyed to prevent capture in April 1865.
Built in Selma and Mobile, Alabama during 1863, the
partially iron clad HUNTSVILLE, suffering from poor engines and
inadequate guns and crew, saw little active service in the war
beyond patrolling Mobile Bay. Withdrawn up the Spanish River
after the Battle of Mobile Bay, the HUNTSVILLE was destroyed to
prevent capture in 1865.
CSS INDIAN CHIEF
This ship served as a receiving ship in Charleston, South
Carolina throughout the war. Additionally, she gave support to
torpedo inningn) operations in the bay. She was destroyed to
prevent capture in 1865.
The ISONDIGA was a small, mast-less wooden gunboat which
operated successfully in the waters near Savannah, Georgia and in
the St. Augustine Creek, Florida during 1863-1864. She was
destroyed to prevent capture at the end of December 1864.
The IVY joined the CS Navy at New Orleans in 1861.
Following successful action against Union forces at the Head of
the Passes in the Mississippi River in October 1861, the IVY
became part of the lower Mississippi Squadron until destroyed to
prevent capture in the Yazoo River in May 1863.
CSS J.A. COTTON
Built in 1861, the COTTON became part of the CS Navy in
1862. The COTTON was active in the campaigns around Bayou Teche
in Louisiana during November 1862 and was burned to prevent
capture in January 1863.
Build as a fast river tug in Ohio, the JACKSON became part
of the CS Navy in 1861. Active in the campaigns of the Upper
Mississippi in September 1861, the JACKSON later participated in
the battles for the control of the Lower Mississippi, being
destroyed during the Battle for New Orleans in 1862.
CSS JEFFERSON DAVIS
One of the last privately sponsored privateers, the
JEFFERSON DAVIS had a short and very controversial career
operating out of Charleston, South Carolina. In a cruise lasting
less than eight weeks, the JEFFERSON DAVIS took nine prizes but
was wrecked on the bar outside St. Augustine, Florida in August
The JUNO was originally a British mail boat and became a
dispatch and general utility boat in Charleston, South Carolina
and participated in attacks on Union ships in the harbor. She
became a successful Confederate blockade runner in the fall of
1863 and remained one until her capture near Wilmington, North
Carolina in 1864.
CSS LADY DAVIS
The LADY DAVIS began her war career in 1861 as flagship of
the Savannah Squadron. She captured a Union ship in 1861 and was
involved in the battles for Port Royal, South Carolina, later
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Formerly a Union cargo ship, the LAPWING was captured by the
CSS FLORIDA in 1863. Oufitted as a Confederate commerce raider,
her poor condition made it a short career of three months.
Having returned the armament to the FLORIDA, the LAPWING had to
be abandoned and burned in June 1863 near Barbados, British West
Designed and built as an iron-clad capital ship for the
defense of New Orleans, the LOUISIANA was incomplete when the
Union Navy assaulted the Mississippi River defenses in April
1862. With armour incomplete, largely inadequate engines
restricting movement, the LOUISIANA became a floating battery in
support of the river forts. With the fall of the forts guarding
New Orleans, the ship was set afire, later captured. The fires
reached the ship's magazines causing it to explode with great
violence 28 April 1862.
In early 1864, the MACON, a wooden steamer, was fitted out
as a ship of war in Savannah, Georgia. After the capitulation of
the city in December of 1864, the MACON moved to Augusta, Georgia
where she remained until the end of the war.
Built in the North prior to the war, the MAUREPAS was
purchased in 1861 and became part of the CS Navy the same year.
Following operations on the Lower Mississippi, she was sent north
to help in the defense of Island No. Ten on the Upper
Mississippi and later was sunk as a river obstruction near St.
Charles, Arkansas, June 1862.
The MCRAE, a former pirate ship, joined the CS Navy at New
Orleans in 1861. She was quite successful against Union ships at
the Head of Passes battles in October 1861 and her crew fought
with great gallantry in the Battles for the Forts guarding New
Orleans in April 1862. Nearly awash and with most of her crew
dead or wounded, the MCRAE was allowed to proceed to the city.
The ship sank at its moorings the following day.
CSS PALMETTO STATE
The PALMETTO STATE was an ironclad ram built in Charleston,
South Carolina during 1862. It was used very successfully in the
defensive battles of Charleston harbor, 1862-1865 and captured
the USS Mercedita in January 1863. The ship was burned to
prevent capture in February 1865.
CSS PATRICK HENRY
A former civilian merchant steamer, the PATRICK HENRY became
part of the CS Navy in 1861. She performed valuable services to
the JAmes River Squadron and took part in the famous battle
between the USS MONITOR and CSS VIRGINIA, (MERRIMAC) in Hampton
Roads March 1862. Later withdrawn up the James River, at
Drewry's Bluff where the PATRICK HENRY became the floating
Confederate States Naval Academy for the remainder of the war.
The ship was destroyed to prevent capture in April 1865.
The second CS Navy ship of that name, the RAPPAHANNOCK was a
former British steamer, detained in England for some months,
which, after escaping from an English port, suffered engine
damage and entered a French port where it was detained until
The RICHMOND was built at Norfolk shortly following the
battle between the VIRGINIA (MERRIMAC) and the MONITOR. Of
similar design, she was taken to Richmond to be completed when
Union forces occupied Norfolk. The RICHMOND became and remained
an active and important part of the James River Squadron until
its destruction to prevent capture in the final days of the war.
Prior to the war, the SAMPSON was a tugboat. As part of the
CS Navy from 1861 on, she took part in several actions at Port
Royal, South Carolina and in the defense of Savannah, Georgia.
Several times badly damaged in action, the SAMPSON escaped to
Augusta, Georgia following the fall of Savannah and there
remained until war's end.
This ship, the former steamer EVERGLADE, became a part of
the CS Navy in 1861 and was one of the principle ships of the
squadron defending Port Royal, South Carolina and Savannah,
The Spray was a small, armed steamer operating in the waters
of the Florida Panhandle, normally based at, or near, St. Marks,
Florida. She had an active career against Union forces and was
frequently a target of Union plans. However, she remained
Confederate until surrendered after the war to representatives of
the Union Navy.
The SUMPTER, formerly the steamer HABANA, was one of the
earliest Confederate commerce raiders. Purchased in 1861, she
was converted to a cruiser, and commanded by Rafael Semmes, the
Sumpter had a short, six months, but higly successful career as a
high seas commerce raider. She took eighteen prizes before being
seized in a British port. Later, the SUMPTER, now called the
GIBRALTER, became a successful blockade runner for the
CSS VIRGINIA II
The second VIRGINIA was an ironclad ram built in Richmond,
Virginia in 1863. She became part of the James River Squadron
and took part in the actions of that fleet. Damaged in action
in January 1865, she was sunk to prevent capture when Richmond
was evacuated in April 1865.