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 Title Page
 Foreword
 Unit journal I
 Unit journal II






Title: Historical record, third Battalion, 124th Infantry Regimental Combat Team
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047695/00001
 Material Information
Title: Historical record, third Battalion, 124th Infantry Regimental Combat Team
Series Title: Special archives publication
Alternate Title: Unit war reports 3rd Battalion 124th Infantry Regiment 1944-1945
Physical Description: 1 v. (various pagings) : maps ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Dept. of Military Affairs
Publisher: State Arsenal
Place of Publication: St. Augustine Fla
Publication Date: [1985?]
 Subjects
Subject: World War, 1939-1945 -- Florida   ( lcsh )
World War, 1939-1945 -- Regimental histories -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
General Note: Cover title: Unit war reports, 3rd Battalion, 124th Infantry Regiment 1944-1945.
General Note: On cover: Florida Department of Military Affairs.
Funding: The Florida National Guard's Special Archives Publications was digitized, in part by volunteers, in honor of Floridians serving both Floridians in disaster response and recovery here at home and the nation oversees.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00047695
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Florida National Guard
Holding Location: Florida National Guard, St. Augustine Barracks
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the Florida National Guard. Digitized with permission.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000938536
oclc - 15357833
notis - AEP9780

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Title Page
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Foreword
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
    Unit journal I
        Page i
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Unit journal II
        Page i
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
Full Text



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FLORIDA NATIONAL GUARD





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I- -
F lorda

Department of

Military Affairs









SpeGial Arc~Glvs
PubliGation NumbGer
8-


UNIT WAR REPORTS
3RD BATTALION, 124TH INFANTRY REGIMENT
1944-1945



State ArsGnal
St. Frarncis
Barrachs
St. Augustirin,
Florida










,STATE OF FLORIDA
DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AFFAIRS
OFFICE OF THE ADJUTANT GENERAL




POST OFFICE BOX 1008
STATE ARSENAL, ST. AUGUSTINE
32085-1008







The Special Archives Publication Series of the Historical
Services Division are produced as a service to Florida
communities, historians, government agencies, and to any other
individuals, h-istorical or geneological societies, and national
or regional, governmental agencies which find the information
contained herein of use or value.

At present, copies of all Special Archives Publications are
provided to certain state and national historical repositories at
no charge. A nominal fee is charged all other individuals and
institutions to help defray production costs.

Information about the series is available from the
Historical Services Division, Department of Military Affairs,
State Arsenal, St. Augustine, Florida.


Robert Hawk
Director















*- -*** ** ** ** ** **** ******* **











HIS TOPICAL RECORD



THIRD BATTALION

124th Infantry Reginmental Combat Team








Lt. Col. Goorge D. i1illiams, Infantry
Commanding






















- - - - **- -* - -















FOREWORD



During the period July 12 August 10, 1944 the
3RD BATTALION of the 124th Infantry underwent their
first combat mission as a member of a Task Force.

This campaign, vhich r.e ill call the Driniumor
River Campaign can aptly be divided into three phases.

First: The restoration of the old Uartin Line that
had been broken by a terrific thrust by the Japanese
on the night of July 10th.
Second: The defense of the Driniumor River which
accounted for fifteen days of hard fighting.
Third: The attack east of the Driniumor River vhen
the 124th Infantry, with the 2nd Bn of the 169th
Infantry attached, attacked to the cast from the
Driniuinor in an effort to sever Japanese communication
and supply lines that ,were servicing large enemy forces
south and east of Afua.

This Campaign proved hard but very successful. The
entire BATTALION under comiand of Lt. Col. George D.
Williams performed as seasoned campaigners and the
BATTALION alone accounted for 1500 of the enemy dead,


Reference:

Notes taken from the Unit Journal
Third Battalion, 124th Infantry.


JACKSON
S-3











T-ird :1ttalion, 124th Infantry


Lt. Col. George D. Villians
Commanding


At 1300 July 5, 1944 perconnel of the ord 3n Combat
Team lrded at ;itao to join the reL-nirdor of the 124th Infantry
Combat Tam to reinforce the defense of Aitape.

After several days of occupation of the inner defensive
prirotor, a series of quick changes followed including plans for
a proposed amphibious operation on iTyaparake.

On the morning of July 12, 1944 the 3rd Battalion re-
ceived an order to prepare for movement to Koranal Creek and the
following morning, attack to the south and east from Anamo, along
the Anano Trail. As a member of a Task Force including the 1st
and 3rd Battalions of the 124th Infantry and the 1st Battalion of
the 123th Infantry, 32nd Division.

The night of the 12th was comparatively quiet with little
r.utivity. !Yi'ndly Artillery fired intermittently through-out
the night and;the rain was continuous.

At 0700, 13 July part of the load was dropped and the
Battalion moved east along the coast to Anamo. Prior to turning
south on the Anano Trail intelligence reported Japs were known to
be in scattered groups on the Anamo Trail as we had anticipated.

...__ The Battalion moved dovn the trail in' the order I, K, Hq,
!I, L and at 0800 contacted a Jap trail block. By 0815 the trail
block had been reduced, and 3 Japs were killed. lFe had no casual-
ties.

The march continued at 0815. Although the sky mvas clear
the trail vms muddy and movement was difficult. At 0935 a Jap Light
machine gun that had been bypassed by the entire column, opened up
on the last Company. Fortunately no one was hit and'Company L,
quick to recover, killed 1 Jap, captured the machine gun and routed
the remainder of the crew.

At 1115 a patrol of 9 men from the 127th Infantry joined
the column and proceeded Trith us. This group had been' isolated from
its unit for a period of 4 days and were very glad to see friendly
troops.

The narch continued without event until 1630 when after
letting the 2 leading Companies pass through, several Jap riflemen










nd a light achi =n abushvd the 1.,a 1p. ilo'Hr the
ca.ttaellU^n-osuf2frcd its rirst.-uasualty. _Co;.ainy I rotr.u' d to re-
liovo the proosure oa the ?1oda. .r t Cor-,:y. .T i' ?.... wrts :hillod
by a riflenan. The enemy as dostroycd nnd the colu-,m roor.'nizod
for r.ovoTnnt.

Irmiediately thereafter the Lattalion ent into its peri-
moctur for the night. Due to the terrain the printer -.as, by
...:.no..;it.y, very srmll.

At 2230 it began to rain very hard. The Japs who had
cvidontly- located our position att.ack.ed us ccNtinuo.u.sly. tlhroughl-out
the nlgh. withoutt a doubt this was the logost nigit of the campaign.
An estimated 15 Japs were killed.

The Battalion moved at 0800 on the 14th and procooded
southeast toward the Driniumor Rivor. withoutt opposition the
B battalion reached the river at 1000 and contacted the 1st Bn, 124th
Infantry who had arrivedd at the river the previous night.

By 1130 the 3n had occupied a semicircular perimeter on
the Lriniu.ior ;-'ith the right flank extending vwst to deny the en=my
access to our position. The Command Post vwas in operation by 1200
and the Rc iment -ws notified of our location.

At 1630 the first Japs vore sighted -fron the new position.
Teore w-ere several of them bathing on the west side of the Driniumor
River. Artillery was instantly laid on them with good results.

The first supply patrol contacted the Bn at 1645. The
load consisted mostly of ammunition and food. The route of delivery
for ammunition supply -was very difficult and very seldom Yvas it
possible for supply trains to roach us more than once a day.

During the night a hard fight took place. 20 Japs wore
killed. 7e suffered 7 casualties. 4 of these were killed, the
other 3 seriously wounded. Those killed were Capt George L. Celles,
I Company Commander, Zeldin (Co L), White (Co I) and LMedlin (LIodical
Aid man atchd to L Co).

At 0930 on the 16 July a patrol ;as sent from K Company,
co~manded by Lt. Baerreis. The mission vas to contact the Bnon
the right. Reported to be 1000 yds south of us. At the same time
a combat patrol was sent west to locate enemy units reported in
Sour rear. The 2nd supply train arrived, after having met some re-
sistance along the trail, at 1300. By 1400 both patrolslad return-
ed and reported making contact with large enemy resistance, but we
had no casualties. This did reveal to us that .we had enomy on the
right flank and to the rear. The Bn was alerted because indications
wore that the enemy must attack to relieve pressure on their forces.


* -*' ;;-










The first ration-s w--'r, dropped by plano (C-47) at 1715
a6.ndthey woere sorely neosd.. .At ~ihrall orders .:-re received for
S:;'.i.---t to the south, the following ~,.ini.. At 1600 a large patrol
of the 112th Cavalry contacted us nnd spent the night reinforcing
I Gon.m-yr. The night vws uneventful.

The movement ~:ns underway at 0700 16 July vdhcn I Co vas
pinned dorn by what .as estimated as 75 Japs on the right flank.
*Iortar fire was called for and 2 platoons vwre colitted in an
effort -o fl.nk the enoey. In this encounter Oncea (Co I) was kill-
ed and Lt Britt (.i Co) was 'woiided. By 0030 the enemy lost 50 non
and the remainder withdr.o, :3oth the 81 c'd 60 1i: nortar proved
invaluable in this engn.onant, driving the enc:-'y into the open
iwhore they .Tore picked off easily by our riflo.-en. Ye lost .ol ing-
ton (Co I) and had 6 men woundedd before the attack was concluded.
At 1120 the novel continued and by 1230 the Bn had nade contact with
the 3rd Bn, 127th Infantry. In moving into the defensive sector
the rear of the colu-n was again cut off by a small group of Japs,
believed to be the remainder of the force contacted earlier. Ioore
(K Co) Crispell (K Co) were killed. 3 men wounded. Because of the
contact made prior to dark K, I, Hq, Ii Companies ;were unable to close
rith L Company. Both groups v,3nt into separate periimtors leaving
a gap of 300 yds along the river,

The following morning 17th July, Capt Griffin, senior
Cotamander of the north group sent a platoon to contact L Company
on the south. This was accomplished but not without a hard fight
in Thich 16 Japs vrre killed and lots of equipment captured. From
information captured the enemy was identified as a portion of the
237th Infantry, part of the Jap 41st Infantry Division. By 1300
the Bn was again intact and for the first time both flanks wore
tied iniithln friendly units. T7brk was under way preparing the de-.
fensive sector.

At 1945 an estimated 150 Japs attack from the west side
of the Driniumor. This attack was repulsed. The 60 11 mortar
illuminating shell proved-for the first time its value.

The following morning, July 18th, 75 Japs vere counted
in the river including several machine guns, 3 Jap Officers and 1
Medical officer. By 1000 the native train arrived led by Ieajor
Logan and Capt Beard of Regimental Hqs. During their stay a sniper
that couldn't be located fired intermittently into the CP area.

Another ration drop at 1400 including a note of encourage-
ment from the plane crew.

During the night of 18th K Co killed 12 of a group of Japs
that attacked them from the rear. lio casualties.










-::o patrols left early the m:-'-ing of tho 19th. One
to the eost, the other to the west and- both -returned c-arly after-
noon. They nade no contacts.

Several Nips wore found in the afternoon and they seemed
to be making a study of our position from the ronr. One was killed
50 yds from the CP. Artillery registered the roi.Linder of the after-
noon and we prepared for the night.

At approximately 2300 Japs made an attonpt to infiltrate
into the CP from the rear. Grenades were used mostly and the attempt
failed. 20 Japs wore killed and we lost Whitt (Co L), who died on
the 20th, by machine gun fire. 3 men wounded. During the 19th a
platoon of dogs commanded by Lt Head reported to the CP and wore
atchd. Patrols aided by the dogs will be used hereafter.

On the 20th I and L Co patrols submitted negative reports.
But there seemed to be plenty of action to the south. As on the
previous night Japs again tried to infiltrate our CP. They were
repulsed. Sketches taken from dead showed our positions accurately
with automatic weapons and CP installations marked for destruction.

Col. Starr, the Task Force Commander, arrived at the CP,
oarly on the morning of the 20th vrith valuable information concern-
ing the operation. During this day the patrols were accompanied
by 2 sections of scout dogs. Day and night was quiet with only
occasional artillery fire with the Battery firing a concentration
hourly.

Early on the 21st it is known that tathews (I Co) was.
killed by fragments of our own Artillery. 3 Japs killed with same
concentration. I.athews was killed on the 20th. At 0845 Hajor
Block, Commander of the Block Force, visited the CP and conferred
with Col. Williams. Our patrols were again active to the east and
west with some success. Col. TVilliams, Capt Jackson, Lt Grossman
visited the lst Bn CP to coordinate a shift of-positions. The
river line has been reinforced by additional troops which allow-
od us to reduce our frontage. Giving us a better plan of coordina-
ted fires. Crispel (Co K) killed by one of our own anti-personnel
aines at 1600. Several rounds of enemy artillery fell within our
lines at 1615.

An advance party of the 2nd Bn 169th Infantry arrived
at the CP at 1800, the following morning their Bn is to take a
portion of our defensive sector. No one realized the series of
events that were to follow.

During the night of the 21st strong force of Japs esti-
mated at first to be 2 companies, moved behind our lines with the
intention of severing our lines. One force hit Co I and the other
hit Co L. Morning found them well dug in with plenty of automatic
weapons and knee mortars. This was the En's hardest and most success-
ful fight.










MThe tt'llorn *s un'dr cast'.nt ir for znerarly 0 hrS.
T .re vmrc :o r'o.r ery,'er and the Japr fought desperately
usingC kne .ort.rG -7,:it guod effect a.,galT:nst our CP group. As v;as
expected the ?nd Bn, 163th Infantry were prepared to move into
position, they too weoro oon engaged ith the enomy.

Thu situation vm.s sunred up thus. .1at ams thought at
first to beh 2 Jap conpan-icsn s's later discovered to be 2 Ea's. V'ith
ono on ?ech of our flanrs. It ',:as e grvve situation for Co L who
huid 2 latoons trapped in .hoir positions and o,.t off from the
rc. innerr of the 3n.

At this tin Co-0pany G, 169th Infantry va.s employed on
our right vwith 1 platoon of I Co. They ,oro unable to :..o:e far
because of the superior automatic fire of the cnemy. h'-o situa-
tion :'ans becoming desperate.

A group of 19 nmn and 3 officers from Company L and the
Heao.duarters Conpany including 1 i.edico, fought desperately to re-
lease their comrades. Killing 35 Japs and climaxing their drive
with a ba7yont charge did release the remainder of L Co front their
po,;itions. 1 platoon of 169th was left in position to hold the
line ,until thi balance of the Ba could move in. Hero another pro-
!omin confronted us. Upon mo-ing out the two platoons of Co L eo
found that a large roup of Japs had again roved in behind then.
This strategic move;by the enemy necessitated the taking of the
same positions again. This time those positions were taken by the
2nd Dn, 169th Inf., .,who, not contemplating a fight, fought dospera-
toly to restore the line. Then upon restoration of L Co's sector
the shift of forces ;-'s completed and the situation was again well
-in hand. The next morning over 350 Japs were buried and 300 of
t- hem were accounted for by L Co. Company I were credited with CO.
Their attack repulsed by our counterattack seemed to completely
disorganize the Jap force to our rear and thereafter we were not
molested. The Japanese Bn's were identified as members of the 239th
Infantry, a part of the force that broke through the Driniumor De-
fense on July 10th. 11 Jap machine guns and 10 knee mortars were
taken.

Our casualties wore heavy. 1'oodall (K Co) Dattolo (K Co)
Duke (Co L) 1Talker D.E. (Co L) Kelly (Co L)'Rakestraw, L.C. (L Co)
Urkoski (Co K) Crumbley, V/.L. (Co I) Herphill (Co I). 21 men
wounded. The Bn's field strength after this action Tws 585 En-
listed i:en and 31 Officers.

The follow-ing day 23rd July -wns uneventful w-rith only
patrol action and no contacts reported. Our Sundavy church services
were held by Chaplain Rlogers with a large attendance.

The Battalion's sector was without action during the
next 5 days. But it rained constantly. On the 29th of July Lt.
Callur. was ordered to take a combat patrol east across the Drin-
iur0or River A.ith the mission of securing a prisoner. Although











being v .bushed t:ce by large forces of Japs, Call;n fighting
constantly throughout the day returned his c:.trol i"t-.ct just
before nightfall. 4 men of the patrol theree *-ounded in the action.
The most serious being Rapp (Hq Co) vwho suffered multiple -.:oinds,
but carried his '00 radio until the mission :-s completed. 25
Japs ere killed by this patrol and many w're wounded.

The morning of July 30th, orders v:'re.rocoived for :he -
En Comn'andor and Staff to report to the 1st En CP v'hre a co:l-or-
ence was to be held by Col Starr, including all units of the Task
Force (The 124th Infantry and 2nd En 169th Infantry). As had boon
anticipated earlier, orders .wro issued for an attack east of the
Driniumor and then south to sever Japanese supply and co3nrmnication
lines.

Our plan wa.s to attack to the southeast on the 31st of
July. To proceed on an azimuth of 103 degrees. The first objective
designated to be Tiuxmen Creek, 2200 yds east of the Driniuiior.
There vwe were to contact the remainder of the task force.

On the morning of July 31st the Bn noved vrith I and K
Companies abreast on a frontage of 200 yds. L Conpany echeloned
to the right rear. 1st and 2nd Bns were on the loft and the 2nd
En, IG9th Infantry was to the right rear 1000 yds.

By 1530 the Bn had reached the objective and a half hour
S later -as preparing its position. Lewis Force (2nd Bn 169th Inf)
had the mission of tying on the right flank and extending vest to
deny the flank of the task force. They were in position at 1600
NIo contact was made with the 1st Bn that day and the Bn settled
for a peaceful night. --

S iext morning, the 1st of August, 7 men nho had been pa-
trolling during the move to, Tiunen Creek were reported missing.
By 1400 all missing men had been located. At 0800 L Co was sent
north along Biumon Creek to establish contact '.rith the 1st Bn.
This day was spent quietly. Patrols were out but no contact ias
made. iTord was received at 1600 that Co L had contacted the 1st
Bn and our Niumon Creek line was intact.

On August 2nd all previous orders were rescinded.
Orders were received from the Task Force Commander, to hold present
position until the rest of the Force closed with the Bn. Woe were
to be prepared to attack south the following morning at 0800.
By 2000 the Task Force had made contact, moving into positions
prepared by Levris and Williams.

During the night one man was killed, from the 2nd En
124th Infantry, accidentally by his own Unit ren.





-7-


On the r.crning of August Srd the En moved as planned
on an azimuth of 160 aegroes. It vwas raiining very hard and movement
was difficult. The 2nd Ba 169th Inf. moved parallel with us on our
right, The 1st Ba 124th Inf. moved to the right and south of the
169th Inf. Unit.

By 0830, K Co, our leading Co, was engaged with what was
estimated to be a company of Japs. At the same time the 2nd Bn
169th made contact with a similar group. Snipers were deadly and
both Bns only mo-ved 150 yds during the entire day. Besides being
one of the most disappointing days of the campaign, our casualties
were heavy. Williamson (Hq Co) Jones (I Co) Davis (I Co) .7illiams
(K Co) Suhrbies (K Co) Hagon (K Co) Atkinson (K Co) Kemp (K Co)
Sheldon (K Co) O'Quain (K Co) were killed. 26 men wounded. The
2nd Bn 169th Inf. also suffered heavy casualties.

At 1630, although still in contact, the Bn withdrew
100 yds and set up the nightly perimeter. There was no action
throughout the night.

After a ration and ammunition drop by plane on the 4th
of August, again the Bn moved as proposed the day before. .The ob-
jective for the day was to move southeast 1700 yds to the Afua
Trail. Heavy artillery barrages preceded the move. Excellent
progress was made until 1330 when a company of the enemy vms sur-
prised in bivouac. 8 were killed and the remainder routed by
artillery fire. By 1430 the Bn was astride the Afua Trail, cutting
|- the Jap line of communication. The slt Bn and Regimental Headquarters
quickly closed in behind the Bn. With a short reconnaissance I Co
boldly moved east along the southern branch of Niumen Creek. Ter-
rain was fast becoming more difficult and high hills ran along both
Sides of the creek. The possibility~~f ambush was great in this
Jap held country. But as sbeflre-it ias the enemy who were surprised. --
Oaksford (K) Dead fr UIA.

I Company hadn't advanced more than 150 yds along the
creek when they encountered 2 walking wounded Japs. They were
killed instantly. This proved that we were holding their route
of evacuation. Several other stragglers were killed before the
fighting day was concluded. That night the perimeter was establish-
ed with the Bn left flank on Niumen Creek.

On 5th of August the Bn moved on the same route of ad-
vance as the previous day. By 0900 a small Jap bivouac was sur-
prised. Without awakening any of them 16 Japs were killed by I
Company. Numerous times throughout the day small Jap parties
were hit. Although many escaped 25 were killed. At 1440 a Jap
Supply train heavily laden was ambushed and a half hour later
organized resistance was encountered on the junction of the Afua
J Trail and Tiumnen Creek. An estimated company was emplaced on a high
hill overlooking the Afua Trail. Mortars and automatic weapons were
employed with good results. 50 Japs were killed and 2 Chinese
'' '^...









coclic-s *,,'::e captu;'J.. .lt:li'^h ct911 ;:*;!,cd riho .hr v.n' cr cdk:r:d
to rwithZr.w 100 yds and s t up a perlr:iter. This ;-,'i accompli shed
by 1830. Goolesby (Co I) Delarobba (Co I) killed.

Plans were made for movement the following day. ITo one
realized whvt was to take place. On the night of August 5th and
the next day the second hardest encounter of the entire campaign
took place. Butler ( q Co) Salzwedel (L Co) killed by ration drop.

At 0300 the perincter .was attacked from all sides by
approxiTntely 2 companies. The enemy was desperate and in effort
to keep his supply lines intact threw wave after wave in a suicidal
attempt to destroy us. Our casualties we:e counting and by morn-
_ing th entire pcrzl .ter was under constant Heavy machine gun fire
fron the surrounding hills.

At this time the 2nd En .was ordered to pass through but
they too were unable to advance. Finally they /withdrew and moved
to outflank the enemy from the north. At the same time L and K
Companies -.were employed to plank south of the 2nd Bn. l1ortars re-
Sducd several installations and by noon some gain had been made.
.,ained very hard morning and early afternoon. Y7e had killed over
200 jnps, but in doing so had 10 men killed and 24 men 'wounded in
this perimeter or nearby by enemy fire. Holes (Hq Co) Phelps (Hq Co)
Incraa, P.C. (ii Co) Janick (I Co) Gillen (I Co) L-inler (K Co)
Quail (K Co) Rhodes (L Co).

S--- Unable to continue our advance the Bn at 1515 was ordered
to withdraw and move to the northwest to establish a position on
high ground. The withdrawal was successful even though Japs fought
our roar guard throughout the move. It was a'ter dark when the
Bn finally closed into a perimeter made up of Regimental I1q, n.ti-
-: -Tank-Company and the 3rd Bn The terrain vas_the most difficult
that had been encountered and because there were so many litter
cases, the progress from here onward would be slow.

The morning of August 8th again the Bn moved. Soon were
in contact with 2nd Bn and moved at the rear of 2nd Bn's column with
Regt Hq." This Force in column was to contact 1st Bn who rwas blocking
the Afua Trail. By 1200 contact had been made and the remainder
of the day vas spent in moving litters 500 yds toa new porirnter.
The night was without action.

Early on the 9th of August the Task Force continued rest
in order to reach the Driniuiaor River as soon as possible. Al-
though there was no contact with the enemy thereafter, the trip
took 2 days.

A native train contacted us at 1500 the 9th and
evacuated the wounded with the Bn moving as protection.


-\ 'i.. /









The I~::c ing of the 10th of A.ugust found the entire
Dn intact cast of the Driniuor Xiver,

August 10th 1944 ;Troto finis to tho first co.naign
of the TITIRD EATTLI01, 124th Infntry. ThocuGh ine::poriLencd
in jungle .r.rfare their record v..s envi.ble. The TIIIRD
BATTALIO:n alone accounted for over one fifth of enemy destroyed
in the entire Aitape Campaign.














Compiled front Unit Journal, 3rd nn, 324th Inf.

By

LONITIE. E. JACKSON
Capt. Infantry
S-3









-' - - - - - - - - -






UNIT JOURNAL
and

CASUALTY REPORT



THIRD BATTALION

124th Infantry Regimental Combat Team



DRINIUiOR RIVER CAMPAIGN

July 12 to August 10, 1944








Lt. Col. George D. Williams, Infantry
Commanding,
























-,-.- -,-------- -.-.--------- - -'- -
- - -







U 1 I T J C UR 1: AL

3rd Battalion
124th Infantry Regimental Combat Team

July 12 to August 10, 1944

Maps: Suain West, Provisional Map
1/635360
A 54/16 Northeast New Guinea
Aitape East, Prov Map
A 54/15 Northeast New Guinea

1100K 12 Jul 44: This Unit entrucked at Tadjo Plantation (Coconnut
grove) near Aitape. A part of a Task Force to proceed
to the Martin Line on the Driniumor River. Under com-
mand of the llth Corps. Orders To proceed to Tiver,
go South and East and take back the area held by Japs,
held by the American forces before a previous Jap.
breakthru.
1200K Detrucked at Nigia River. March Southeast along coast.
1700K Cross Koronal Creek and establish perimeter for night
at junction of Koronal Creek and ocean on East side of
said stream.
2200K Friendly Arty fire to southeast & most of night.
Thursday
0700K 13 Jul 44: Drop part of our pack loads and start to Anano. Order
of march: I, K, Hq, M, L.
0815K Encounter Jap Trail block south of Anamo. Williams &
Jackson with leading companies,
0830K Continuing mission. Weather clear. Japst 2 (Company I)
0935K L Company hit LMG nest. Japs: 1 (Company L)
1025K Friendly Ary Barrage west of us.
1115K Meet 9 man patrol, 127th Inf, and they accompanied us*
1630K Hq Co in column ambushed. I & K Co squad proceed to-
ward Enemy fire* Japs withdrew. Lipscomb, Company I,
KIA. Japs2 2 & MG
1700K Perimeter- defense 3917 17.6 Raining.
2230K Japs try to infiltrate. Much firing, mostly our guns.
Boys plenty trigger-happy.
Friday
0700K 14 Jul 44: Estimate 15 Japs killed during night. Many dragged
avay by their forces. 4 EM, WIA during night.
0800K Continue mission going southeast.
1130K Reach Driniumor river. No skirmishes enroute. Partly
cloudy.
1600K Communication by Arty* Report to Regt our position,
Contact .with Unit on left. Perimeter established*
Right flank open. CP 18*3 39.5
1630K Japs bathing across river.
1645K Supply patrol of Hq Co in from base on beach.
2000K Probable 2 Jap patrols attack rear and flanks.
Saturday
0700K 15 Jul 44:. During night, 3 EM WIA. Capt Celles, KIA. White (Co I)
C. Zeldin (Co L), A. Medlin (Medico) KIA. Japs: 20
0930K K & L Company patrols to flanks and rear. Panels laid
for supply plane. Unit supply train in*










1000K WIA & KIA to base by A & P Pltn.
1300K Hq Co supply train in from base. One EM WIA.
1400K Patrols in, encountered skirmishes. No casualties.
Nearly all trains in from base encounter Jap ambush.
1700K A&P train in with Ammo. Out again rith litters,
1715K Plan ration drop.
Sunday
0700K 16 Jul 44: Quiet night. Order: Prepare to move South along river.
0800K As Unit starts move I company pinned do"mn. Est 75 Japs
on right flank. We use mortar fire. R. Oneal (Co I)
KIA. Lt Britt (Co M) WIA. One EM WIA.
0930K Pimned down yet by Jap MG, Unit sonds 2 Pltns to flanks,
B.K. Wellington (Co I) KIA. 6 EM W/IA. Japs: 50
1120K Information taken of Jap dead invaluable such as maps
eto. Column moves on.
1400K Rear of column, I, K, parts of M & Hqs Co., cut off by
Jap ambush. Japs using LMG.
1430K T.M. Taylor (Co K) and H.D. Moore (Co. K) KIA. 3 EM
WIA in rear section of column. CP 18.1 38.1 For-
v'ard part of column prepares night defense. Williams,
Jackson, Bush, Sausville, L CO, M CO present. Reported
to Regiment.
Monday
0700K 17 Jul 44: Quiet night.
1000K Communications to Regt. thru Baldy & Block. Part of
Hq, M and I, K companies to CP, while coming to CP-
Japs: 16 Forward line being tied in. I,K, and L
companies on line,
1400K Rest of rear column into perimeter.
1600K Jackson with Company I. 5 EM WIA since yesterday 1200K.
1945K Company K attacked. Use mortar flares,
2400K Quiet. -
Tuesday
0700K 18 Jul 44: No casualties. Japst 75, 3 officers, 1 Medical officer
and 1 MG. (Co K). Got valuable information*
1000K Native train in with CIC & Logan, Beard, also Anmo and
Supplies. Few sick out. Sniper making things a little
uneasy.
1500K Plane drop. Plane crew drop cigarettes. Wish us luck
and say "Givem Hell", "Wish we had more cigarettes",
1700K Raining hard. Foxholes are filled with water almost.
1945K Company K had skirmish. Japs: 12 and 1 Capt.
2400K Wet night. Quiet.
Wednesday
0700K 19 Jul 44: No casualties. Few sick out when train comes.
1030K K & L Company patrols out at 0800. Supply train in.
Plane ration drop.
1035K Company L patrol in. Went across river 1000 yds. No
casualties. Company K patrol in from back of our area
1000 yds. Japs: one

2










1630K Sniper near CP accosted and founded by Do Laesschaloh
(P-38, Iq Co). Company L patrol could see Jap blood
stains but Jap was dragged away.
2000K Arty, Unit, to front. Arty registers in each evening
at 1700.
2200K Japs try to infiltrate at rear of CP
2400K Scattered fire and grenade during night.
Thursday
0700K 20 Jul 44: H.M. Whitt (Co L) KIA. 3 EM WIA (Co L), Japst 20
1030K Wounded out by litter bearers.
1025K Col Starr to CP,
1130K Company L patrol to front. Trainers and dogs for
patrolling to CP. Company I patrol to rear.
1400K Col Starr left CP.
1415K Company L patrol in. Negative report.
1530K Company I patrol in, Saw 2 Jap patrols & bypassed them.
2030K Few Japs try to infiltrate CP. Dogs alerted. Gren-
ades thrown. Unit Arty barrage. J.P. Mathews (Co I)
KIA.
2400K Quiet rest of night. Arty periodically all night.
Friday
0700 21 Jul 44: Japs: 3
0845K Co I patrol to rear. Co L patrol with dogs to front.
Block to CP on way to beach,
1115K Unit supply train in.
1400K Williams, Jackson, Grossman to 1st Bn,
1450K Co L patrol in, observed number unknown of Japs across
river. Dogs alerted. Japs were bypassed.
1530K Co I patrol got 3 Japs and Jap MG
1600K E.L.Crispel (Co K) KIA by own anti-personnel mine.
1400K party returned. Col Starrs orders Movo down river
at 0730 next.
1800K Jap Arty 1 round in Co I line. 2 EM WIA.
1830K Party of 169th Inf into CP to stay the night.
2400K Quiet night.
Saturday
0600 22 Jul 44: Japs attack right flank, small arms and knee mortar.
Estimate Jap patrol,
0730K Now sniper fire. Prepare to move.
1000K Sniper fire. Co I pinned down by Estimated Jap Company
on left flank,
1030K Co K patrol to right flank. No reports of the drawn
out morning action.
1100K Japs on Right flank now estimated to be Company. 169
Inf. patrol to right flank.
1130K Japs dug in behind both flanks. Alot of action.
1200K to 1430K Company I use mortars & Unit Arty to subdue Japs.
Parts of Japs blown into trees etc, Japs:. 44 and 2 Mt.
Guns (Company I)


3









1200K to 1430K Cont'd W.L. Crumbley (Co I) E.L. Hemphill (Co I) KIA.
5 EM WIA on left flank. On right flank Japs are es-
timated to be a Bn. Small arms and MG account for
most of Japs dead. Got 212 Japs. Later 169th Inf sent
word they buried over 300 Japs, after we left the area
that day. Got Jap 9 LMG, 2 HMG, & 4 knee mortars.
J.D. Woodall (Co K), S.D. Dattolo (Co K), P.F. Urkoski
(Co K), B.G. Duke (Co L), D.E. Walker (Co L), E.L.
Kelley (Co L), L.C. Rakestraw (Co L) KIA. 21 EM
WIA.
1430K CP moves north. Co L still in action on right flank.
1530K CP 18.3 -- 39v2. Wounded evacuated.
1700K Company L still in action in old area right flank.
Williams with them.
2400K Quiet night a new CP
Sunday
0700K 23 Jul 44: Alls Well.
0900K Williams to CP with Co L. Reported to Regt Action of
yesterday.
1030K Supply train in also trkr & trlr. Beard Msg commending
1st Sgt Prather (Co I) Morning & casualty reports*
1130K Company I patrol & dogs across river. Bn strength in
field today: 585 EM 31 Offs & Offs atchd.
1315K Williams to front lines.
1430K Chaplain Rogers had service on edge of river under
a lone large tree.
1500K Williams to CP
1630K Co I patrol in. Saw dead Japs 2 or more days old pro-
bably by Arty fire. Saw no enemy movement.
1900K AllUs well.
2400K Quiet night.
Monday
_ 0700K 24 Jul 44: Clear-
0745K K Co patrol to East. Prepare to move OP fr m Kunai
patch to small grove nearby,
0930K I Co patrol to West.
1000K Cat trkr train in.
1400K I Co patrol in. No Japs encountered.
1445K Supply train in. Hot meal Ham & bread. Awfully good.
Chap Colgan in. Colgan had services.
1650K K Co patrol saw 2 Japs, wounded one of them. Dogs
with the patrol alerted. Msgr dog made 2 complete
trips to CP from patrol and was on 3rd trip when patrol
came in. The dogs gave good account of themselves.
Colgan to stay night.
2000K 3 Jap MG fire from across the river. Mortar flares.
Lot of firing from unit on our rightflank.
2030K Firing ceases. No casualties.
Tuesday
0200 25 Jul 44: Raining hard. Foxholes full of water.
0845K K Co patrol to rear,


4










1030K Supply train in. Skelton to CP.
1400K After a bite to eat Skelton left CP.
1430K K Co patrol in. Negative report. L Co patrol
made recon of East bank of river. Noted pacts,
holes of probably Jap pltn which fired last night.
1800K Prepared positions today. Alls Well.
2100K I Co had little action during night.
Wedne jday
0700 26 Jul 44: I Co got 5 Japs last night. They were attempting to
cross to the east side of the river. Raining. Foxholes
still filled with water.
1000K Supply train in. L Co patrol to rear.
1200K Ted to CP. I Co patrol across river. River is high,
coming thru. our area and svamping us. Flood stage.
1230K Ted left CP.
1500K L Co patrol in, Negative report.
-1600K I Co patrol in. Penetrated 2000 yds across river.
Negative report. I Co crossed river in 169thts
sector but patrolled our sector, east.
1800K All's well and wet.
2000K Friendly Arty concentrating to right of Baldy.
(112th Cal) all night.
Thursday
0700K 27 Jul 44: Dry night. 1st I moon..
0845K K Co patrol to oast.
1000K I Co patrol to west.
1100K Supply train in.
1500K Supply train again with hot steak & bread. Ration
drop by plane. I Co patrol in, went to Anapopai trail
1000 yds west. Noted Jap bivouao area of sizeable force
dug in small perimeters. No enemy contact.
1600K- K Co patrol in. Crossed river and east 2500 yds.
Saw friendly patrol going east. No Enemy contact.
Beard sent air mail.envelopes.
2000K Arty Barrage to south.
Friday
0700 28 Jul 44: Dry night. Moon til 2400.
0800K L Co patrol to east to Neuman Creek. Plane ration
drop K Co patrol to rear.
0930K A&P supply train in.
1015K AT supply train in. Bookout to CP. Men doing alot
of letter writing.
1030K Logan, Dismukes to CP.
1200K 1030 party left CP.
1250K I & R patrol to rear.
1400K L Co patrol in. Negative report. Went to Neuman
Creek, Bookout left with above messages. Sent message
and overlay of bodies buried by Sgt Cubbly (M) of
some American soldiers not of our Unit, to Regt.
(Saye & Davis) buried Davist remains, Saye's dog tags
were found near Davis but no trace of remains. Sent


5








overlay of 43 Div Chap vho buried Urkoske &
Dattolo (K) along the Anamo Trail, His msg was dated
July 24/44 and forwarded to Regt.
1410K K Co patrol in. Went to Kornal Creek. Negative report.
1600K I & R patrol back to beaoh by Anamo trail. Negative
report.
1645K 43 Div Art & patrol in to stay the night. Surveyors.
1800K All's well,
2400K I Co fires a few shots.
Saturday
0700K 29 Jul 44: Io Japs, no casualties.
0800K L Co patrol to rear. I Co patrol to Neuman &
beyond. Col Starr orders that a patrol bring in
a live Jap, if patrol has to stay out 3 days.
1000K AT & AP supply train in. Plane drop of rations.
1400K L Co patrol in. Negative report. Raining hard.
1450K I Co patrol radioed enemy front and rear beyond
Neuman. Williams orders patrol in.
1750K I Co (Callum) patrol in. Went 2000 yds beyond
Neuman Creek ran into possible Regt of Japs, killed 9
Japs. Ambushed later by probable Co of Japs,
killed 11 Japs. The last action 1000 yds east of
our CP. We had 4 WIA. Tspp Hq hit worst but carried
on with radio, hit with schrapnel. The other 3 lIA
were (I) Co. ,
1820K Unit Arty barrage in area where I Co patrol accosted
last action.
2400K All's well. Bright moon.
Sunday
0730K 30 Jul 44: Bn supply pltn out to base on beach.
0800K K Co patrol across river to the east.
0955K Williams, Jackson, Sausville to Regtl CP.
1030K .Supply train in,. Bn strength today 712 EM 24 Off.
1110K 0955K party to CP
1300K Bn Unit CO meet at CP. Order: Proceed on 103
. degree Az. beyond Neuman Creek. 2 Companies abreast
I on right & K on left. Move 0800 next. Sent
SBeard 11 pounds for airmail envelopes already re-
ceived for Bn.
1430K AT & AP pltns in to stay with Unit.
1600K Raining,
Monday
0700K 31 Jul 44: Unit prepares to move out.
0800K Column moves across river. Trainers and dogs stay with
Units taking over our river positions, "26th QM War Dog
Plt, Lt. James S. Head, Nitro 153". .
1130K No opposition. Reported to Regt by plane. Plane gave us
our position. Now on 135 degree az. Raning,
1400K 2nd Bn 169 on our rear.
1530K Reported to Regt by 284 "Reached objective. Position
21.1 36.9".
1600K Perimeter. Company has 7 EM missing. Company K has 1
man missing. Japs: l(Company K)
2400K Quiet night, but wet,..

6










Tuesday
0700K 1 Aug 44: Allts well,
0800K Company L to north to contact 1st Bn. Company I patrol
to east.
1200K Company I patrol in. Negative report. Sun shining.
1500K Plane ration drop. Hq radioman hit by ration while at
radio.
1600K Company L into 1st Bn. An all day trek. Col Starr
orders this Unit to close gap.
1800K Williams order to CO: Move on 20 degree az. at 0800
next, to contact 1st Bn.
TWedne sday
0700K 2 Aug 44: Clear night. Moon. Move is ordered cancelled and we
to stand by. 1st, 2nd Bns & Regt to contact us and RCT
to move in southwest direction when contact is made.
1400K Ration drop by plane. 1/3 ration. 2 Bn 169 gave us 20
cases of rations.
1700K Col Starr & Staff, 1st, 2nd Bn & Co L to CP for night.
1800K The missing men previously reported are found. Clear.
Thursday
0130K 3 Aug 44: Rain. Man of 2nd Bn killed in perimeter by trigger happy
individual.
0700K Drizzling rain.
0750K AT Co man shot himself in feet thru carelessness.
0800K 3 Bn moves out. Co K, L, Hq, M, I, 2 Bn 169 on right flank.
The balance of RCT to follqo.
0830K Co K encounters Est. Co of Japs,
1100K Litters being called up front all morning. Lot of sniper
fire.
1600K Snipers all day. Can't see them. Gained 300 yds today.
Perimeter. F.H.Williamson (Hq) F.S.Williams (K) T.E.
Kemp (K) R.H.Atkinson (K) W.O'Quain (K) M.J.Sheldon (K)
.- ... -- -L.K.Suhrbies (K) C.G.Hagen (K) S..Davis (I) W.B.Jones (I)
EIA. Lts Baerreis, Berger, Johnson and 26 EM WIA. Ofder:
No large trees be out in perimeter. Partly cloudy.
Friday
0700K 4 Aug 44: Clear. No action during night. Col Starr orders: 3 Bn
on left flank as ROT moves forward. Oaksford (K) Dead
0800K fr WIA. Ammo, rations by plane. Unit Arty concentration
on area we are to take today.
0900K Co I leads out.
1200K Scattered fire. Arty did its work well today. A Jap
bivouao was routed by Arty. Very little opposition. Rain.
1400K Williams with leading company astride Afua trail. Trail
used by the Japs as supply trail. Much traveled and
communication wire along it.
1530K CP at 21.8 36.0 on Afua trail, Japs: 30. 2 EM WIA.
Saturday
0700K 5 Aug 44: A good night. Raining.
0800K Co I lead, K, Hq, M, L, 1st Bn following.
0900K Scattered fire. Raining
1000K Reprt to Regt by 284. It is thot we hit rear guard of
supply train of Japs. More action at front now.Column
still moves up creek bed.
7









1200K' Reported to Regt by 284. Jap strength undetermined.
1230K Unit Arty & mortars called for. Still raining.
1245K Concentrations laid down.
1430K Captured 2 Chinese boys held by Japs as laborers.
1600K CP at 2016 35,0 north side of creek. Japs: 50
1800K H.D.Goolesby (I) J.Delarobba (I) O.D.Butler (Hq)
Sal;weldel, V.A. (L) KIA. Butler KIA as he sent
msg by radio during ration drop from plane. Almost
1 ration per man.
2000K Raining.
Sunday
0700K 6 Aug 44: Cloudy. Sniper fire from surrounding steep hills.
0715K Jap MG nests have moved in iange of CP. Japs open up
as loading Co of 2 Bn start to bypass us. Co I, on up-
stream side of CP, and leading Co of 2 Bn pinned down.
0730K Co L ordered to right flank. Call for Arty and mortar
on trail to south west of CP. Jap MG's still firing.
0745K O.L.Eales, M.W.Phelps (Hq) KIA Chap Rogers, Lt
Sausville (Hq) WIA 2 EM WIA. Co K sent to get Jap
MG nests, front center, up hill.
0900K Jap sniper and MG firing continues.
1100K Report to Regt by phone. Co L ordered to take next hill
rest. Order: No more than 3 men to foxhole.
1200K Co K can't progress up hill without being shot down.
Hvy Arty & mortar concentrations to rest. Observers
with point of Co L. Jap mortar or Mt Gun fire very
close and are believed to have our range. Raining.
1400K Williams to Regt. Order: Abandon hill and follow 2 Bn
around hill to west. PC.Ingram (Hq) KIA died on trail.
.1 J.A.Gillen, S.J.Janick (I) R.E.Himler, P.D.Quail (K)
E. E. Rhodes (L) KIA. Many litter patients to evacuate.
Men are tiring and fatigued with heavy loads and short
rations,
1800K J CP on steep razor like hill top. Jap patrol reptd
. .---- .- -following rear end of column to CP 20.4 35.0. Not
time for digging in. Rain has stopped. Japs: 150.
Litters were miraculously taken up the last steep
grade at dusk on a most slippery clay trail.
Monday
0700K 7 Aug 44: Force to move southwest at 0800. 2nd Bn to left to
converge with us at next hill. Order of march K, AT
Co, R Hq, Hq 3rd, I, L. Rough trail.
1000K Contact with 2nd Bn. Weather clear. Williams with
Ted. 2nd Bn leading on Afua Trail.
1400K Column moving very slowly. Litter bearers are worn
out. Rough trail, no food today. Whole Bn helping
with litter cases,
1725K To area on ridge 20.0 34,9 just off the Afua Trail.
No casualties. Clear.
Tuesday
0700K 8 Aug 44: Partly cloudy. Ration detail to 1st Bn former peri-
meter for plane ration drop.

8









0830K Williams to Regt CP,
0845K Williams Order: Leave guard vith ration detail's
equipment, move Bn out behind 2nd Bn. K Co help AT
Co carry litters.
1000K 112 Calv patrol in, they say 45 minutes for patrol
to Driniumor.
1330K To 1st Bn former perimeter. You can see the ocean
from here. How good it looks. Plane ration drop
and'appreciated. Raining a bit. Ted has fever,
and to be evacuated by litter this PM.
Williams Aotg RCT Co.
1415K INative train in to carry out litters. Rain has stopped.
1600K Down to the trail to the Driniumor.
1700K Plasma is needed badly for litters ahead.
1800K CP on east side of Driniumor at jot of Afua
Trail and Driniumor. Litters on to 18th Field
Hospital, helped by I & L Cos. I & L stay night
near Baldy-CP. River looks inviting and Bn goes in
for dip, clothes and all.
Wednesday
0700K 9 Aug 44: Raining a bit. Quiet night.
0900K Bush & Grossman make recon for CP on other side
of river.
0950K 0900K party back.
1015K Bn moves to 18.5 35.4. Panels laid for ration
drop.
i 1030K In to CP. Ration drop.
1400K Bn bathing, washing, sleeping, eating. Morale
exceptionally high.. Butch & Fowler's Bn near CP.
1600K 2nd Bn 169 in. area we were in yesterday. Raning.
2nd Bn 169 will stay night there.
1700K Williams order: March to beach at Driniumor jet -
.. at 0730 next. 3rd-_Bn, Regtl Hq, 1st Bn, 2nd Bn.
2nd Bn 169 will start from his area at 0730 next,
and tie on to 2nd Bn. Arty trkr & trlrs rill.pick
S- up hvy equip at 1100 next. at this CP.
1900K All's well.
SThursday
0700K 10 Aug 44: I Co leads, Hq, M, K, L Reglt Hq, down Driniumor
wading across river many times..
1000K Bn reaches beach. It really looks good,
1100K Trks arrive to carry us to Tadji Plantation.
1200K CP set up. Tents have been put up for us, kitchen
is ready for hot meal. Beautiful world. Boys at this
base have worked hard to have things ready for us.

FINIS


Strahan




9



























UNIT JOURNAL
THIRD BATTALION 124th INFANTRY
MINDANAO, P.I.












UNIT JOURNAL

THIRD BATTALION 124TH INFANTRY APO 31
MINDANAO CAMPAIGN

April-May-June 1945
Compiled by: 'Maps: Mindanao
S-1 Section 1/50,000


Apr 17
0900 L and K Companies embark LCI's in Division Area at Morotai, N.E.I.
Apr 18
0500 Hq, I and M Companies breakfast.
0545 93rd Division trucks arrive.
0830 Troops board LCM's at Red Beach thence to LST #754 in stream.
LST crowded. Troops sleep beneath vehicles and any other place
large enough to recline.
Apr 19
0610 Raise anchor. Convoy of ships form and sail east north-east.
Weather hot and clear. Nine packs cigarettes issued troops.
1800 Northern end of Morotai almost out of sight. News by radio:
"35 mile beachhead established on Mindanao by 24th Division.
Blackout is in order.
Apr 20
1000 20 minute air alert. Cloudy and rain squalls. Moving west.
Apr 21
0700 Sighted small island believed to be Talaud. Moving north north-
west. Cloudy and cool.
1800 Sighted Mindanao, Philippine Islands.
Apr 22
0600 Entered Pollock Harbor at Parang, Mindanao.
1030 Pappy ashore. (Pappy is Lt Col GEORGE D. WILLIAMS, commanding
3rd Bn) Our radio communications established with 124th Infantry
Regiment ashore.
1230 Pappy boards ship after conferring with Ted. (Ted is Col STARR,
commanding 124th Infantry Regiment)
1800 Vehicles being unloaded from LST to LCM's in the stream.
2400 Unloading continues. Vehicles must be ashore by 0800 next.
Apr 23
0400 LST docks at Parang. Vehicles still being unloaded.
0800 Vehicle unloading finished. Troops board LCI's along side LST.
1000 LCI's sail south and into North Mindanao River.
1130 LCI's aground on sandbars in river mouth. Must wait for high tide.
Very hot. Monkeys are first seen along river banks.
1430 LCI's move up river toward Cotabato, Mindanao.
1600 Troops debark at Cotabato after 6 mile river cruise. Along the
river route many Filipinos waving amd shouting "Mabuhay" meaning
"long life". Observe rice paddys, many inland canals off river,

1 -









/ I
jr I NORTH





/CP r % ..
Apr 23 (1 32




SMahrt Pikit
^ \ Land \





85 '
\ \ .."

27 \
Fort Pikit \ 0O


85-- --



Map: Mindanao 1/250,000 .
Route of 3rd Bn -*

O 5 miles











canals are used extensively for transportation and travel in
dugout canoes in this fertile Mindanao River valley. Note banana
groves, water buffalo and nipa huts on stilts.
1715 Battalion assembles south of Cotabato Hill. L and K Companies
arrived at this area the day previous. Kitchen trucks and vehicles
in by overland route from Parang. Hot supper.
Apr 24
1800 General camp improvement. Dodge (Lt Dodge Battalion Transporta-
tion Officer) and balance of battalion vehicles into Bn CP
(CP Command Post) from Parang. Very hot.
Apr 25
1100 Pappy to Regiment to attend meeting.
1800 Generator set up, lights and radio on.
Apr 26
1500 Received Regtl Order "Battalion vehicles will move by road to
Fort Pikit at 1800" (about 75 miles) "Troops will embark LCM's
at Cotabato and proceed to Fort Pikit at 22p0" (50 miles up
Mindanao River). Battalion strike bivouac and prepare to move.
1700 Received Regtl Order "Battalion troops will not move until
following morning sometime". Troops pitch shelters for the night.
1830 Dodge clears Battalion area of vehicles and ferry across North
Mindanao River by LGM's.
Apr 27
1030 Battalion troops embark LCM's at Cotabato. LCM shuttle movement.
Capt Rice (M Company commander) in charge of rear elements of
the Battalion. 9 meals C rations issued per man. Battalion
will clear Cotabato by 1730.
2115 In darkness aboard a LCM Pfc Claude R. Williams 34530968 Company
M, is knocked off boat by trees overhanging river. Rescue
__ attempt fails and man cannot be found in the murky water.
Williams Missing in Action.
2130 Forward elements of the Battalion debark at Fort Pikit (coordi-
nates 25.0 54.0) Vehicles arrive at Kabacan (39.0 63.0)
2300 Truck shuttle troops to Carmen Ferry from Fort Pikit (12 miles).
2400 Troops cross Mindanao River by LCM ferry and assemble on
Sayre Highway #3 (38.5 64.0)
Apr 28
0100 I, K, L Companies truck shuttle north to 2nd Battalion, 124th
Infantry on Sayre Highway some 8 miles.
0330 Pappy, Jackson (Capt Jackson Bn S-3), Clapshaw (Lt Clapshaw Bn
S-2) forward to 2nd Bn, the point of advance.
0800 Truck shuttle was slowed because of road conditions and security
reasons. Rear elements of Bn move north on foot.
1200 Very hot.
1600 Battalion close in with 2nd Bn 10 miles north of Carmen Ferry.
Bivouac at 38.0 78.0 AP and AT platoons of Hqs Company left
at Carmen Ferry, will follow Battalion advance with supplies
and serve as bridge guards.
1800 Ted to Bn CP. Vehicles cannot close with Bn because of fired
and blown bridges. Japs flee north after fire fight with 2nd Bn.

3 -











1815 Ted leaves CP. Ted orders "3rd Bn to point of advance at 0700"
Apr 29
0600 Battalion moves out. Order of march I, K, Hq, M, L. Pappy,
Jackson and Clapshaw with leading company.
0700 Move through 2nd Bn. Fill canteens at good deep-drilled well.
1030 I Company meet resistance, Jap machine gun and sniper fire.
1045 149th Field Artillery firing concentration.
1100 K Company flanks left at 36.7 88.5 Together leading companies
reduce enemy block. Cross swift stream, large wooden bridge had
been burned beyond repair. RRTR (Radio Report to Regiment)
1200 Moving steadily. Cross another stream on timbers of the blown
bridge.
1300 Jap supply dumps found and destroyed.
1500 Have met enemy sniper fire all day. Leading company has been
successful in reducing same and able to progress steadily.
It is estimated a company of Japs are fighting small delaying
actions. Destroyed one 7.7 Jap machine gun, 10,000 rounds of
ammo, 6 cases of plastic land mines, 220 rds 50mm mortar ammo.
Captured 2 Jap trucks which are being used as water, supply
and heavy weapon hauling since our organic cannot cross the
many small and large destroyed bridges. Kill Jap horse and
mule that were seriously wounded. RRTR.
1600 Establish bivouac 36.7 88.5 and dig in. Bivouac is near an
old enemy division CP. Destroy 4 separate dumps containing
rice, dumps containing medical supplies, leather goods, piles
of Jap invasion money. Rumor that Germany surrendered false.
1800 Received Regtl order "1st Bn will pass through you tomorrow so
that you may secure rations by plane" 149 FA registers in for
our perimeter support. Rations are depleted. Summary: 70
Japs killed. 1 man (L Co) LWA (Lightly Wounded in Action)
Apr 30
0600 Our perimeter receives several rounds of Jap mortar and sniper
fire during night. No damage.
0730 Ted to Pappy radio msg "3rd Bn will continue lead advance and
secure ration dropping grounds"
0800 Bn moves out L, I, Hq, M, K. Pappy, Jackson, Clapshaw with
leading company.
0900 Point meets sniper fire but is not held up for long.
0930 Ration dropping objective reached. K Company at rear of column
attacked by Jap machine gun and rifle fire. M Company heavy
mortars are brought into the action.
1015 Litters and litter bearers are called to the rear.
1030 Action ceases and K Company in to the assembly area. 14 Japs
killed. 2 men (K Co) 1 man (M Co) WIA (Wounded In Action)
1100 WIA men are evacuated to rear by Jap truck (captured), thence
peep, thence ambulance. RRTR. Ted to Pappy "Ration drop at
1400". Sgt Edwards, Medico, captures a Korean, a prisoner of
the Japs.
1330 General MARTIN (Division Commander) and Col STARR visit point
of advance. L Company is ordered to continue advance while

4 -






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balance of the Battalion gather and distribute rations.
1400 L Company moves out. C47 drop rations.
1500 Some of the Bn vehicles catch up to us. 3 meals K rations
per man issued. Weather is very warm.
1630 Bn moves out with rations for L Company.
1640 Knobby to Pappy radio msg "Have reached 40.3 96.0 high
plateau objective. Captured 3 trucks, 37mrn gun, radios,
telephones and saki. Had light skirmishes with Jap demolition
rear guard engineers. Killed 16. Destroyed a 75mm gun and
6 cases of ammo."
1830 Bn closes in to L Co, perimeter established and dig in. 2nd Bn
close in to our rear. Summary: 30 Japs killed. 2 men (K Co)
1 nan (M Co) WIA.
May 1
0700 Quiet night some sparodic sniper fire, no damage.
0800 Bn moves out at point again. K, I, Hq, M, L order of advance.
Pappy, Jackson and Clapshaw with leading company. AP and AT pltns
of Hqs Company are guarding bridges as 106 Engineers repair them.
0900 Rear company kills 1 Jap. Very hot and canteens are empty, water
not so plentiful on this plateau. Very little opposition and
advance is swift.
1030 Column held up while Marine Helldivers bomb and strafe positions
on the far bank of the Mulita River gorge. Japs are withdrawing
as fast as they can, fighting delaying actions. Bombers drop
6 tons of bombs. Marine Liaison Officer with the point of our
unit reports that places destroyed several enemy supply dumps.
Col STARR visits point of advance.
1200 Battalion crosses swift river, bridge has been burned and blown.
No opposition. Men are allowed to wash and bathe.
1230 As 2nd Bn ford river one of their men is swept downstream with
full field equipment on. Man was rescured by Chaplain Visscher,
S/Sgt Adams (then T/4) and T/4 Zapf (then Pfc) all of Hqs Co.
3rd Bn precedes the advance to a,point 1000 yards beyond the
river and rests until 1500. Weather is very warm.
1500 --Battalion moves out, same order as earlier in the day.
1545 Light skirmishes. Destroy 1000 Ib rice, 4 cases grenades, TNT,
30 Jap..25 cal. rifles, blankets and other supplies.
1630 K Company hits stronger resistance and is pinned down by machine
guns. I Company, 2 pltns of L Company and M Company heavy weapons
committed. Objective is high open ground for the night perimeter.
1700 Calling litter bearers at front.
1730 Resistance broken and perimeter established. 51.3 02.3 RRTR.
1900 2nd Bn closes in to us. 1st Bn behind 2nd Bn. Summary: 7 Japs
killed. Pfc Angelo Gulino 32798169 (K Co) KIA (Killed In Action),
1st Lt. Harry Jacobs 0-1322228 (M Co) WIA to DOW (Died of Wounds),
1 man each (Hq Co) (I Co) (K Co) (M Co) WIA. Jap 'dog-tags'
taken signify engineer units majority. ,Add 5 men (K Co) WIA
May 2
0700 Some small arms fire during night.
0800 1st Bn ordered through us to take advance, 2nd Bn and 3rd Bn.

-6-












1000 C-47's drop rations, 4 meals per man. 3rd Bn will move out at 1130.
1130 Move out K, I, Hq, M, L. K Company kill 1 Jap as we leave area.
1300 Reach wooden and steel bridge which is intact over the Mulita
River branch. First bridge we have found intact. 1st Bn has
reported no opposition. In our advance we have fought and marched
37 miles from Carmen Ferry. Our Division objective Kibawe, where
the Japs are reported to be using a trail to supply their Davao
sector, is about 11 miles forward. The terrain thus far has been
wooded, hilly, deep gorges, hairpin curves in the highway
necessary in gaining the Bukidnon Plateau.
1600 Gen MARTIN and Col STARR pass toward point battalion.
1730 Column moving steadily. Raining.
2030 March continues forward. Raining. Objective is to be taken today.
In the darkness, peeps, trucks become bogged and stuck in the
muddy unkempt road.
2200 Battalion reaches Damulog airstrip in a downpour of rain. No
opposition. 1st Bn attained Kibawe.. Perimeter is hurriedly made
and troops attempt sleep in the continuous rain.
2230 Regimental Hqs pass through to set up CP at Kibawe. Summary: 1 Jap
May 3
0700 Rained until dawn. Foggy. Everyone cold and wet.
0900 L Company ordered left of road and to secure Damulog airstrip.
0935 Airstrip secure. No opposition Japs evacuated. Regimental CP with
1st Bn at Dancagan.
1000 Battalion less L Company moves to perimeter on road near airstrip.
1100 Pappy, Jackson, Bookout, Clapshaw to Regiment. Ted orders: "clear
strip of weeds for the landing of planes". Balance of battalion
vehicles and Lt Dodge in to CP.
1200 Volunteer patrols back to the bypassed supply dumps. Captured
S 2 horses and destroyed supplies and foodstuffs.
1300 Wire communication in to CP from Regiment.
1800 Ted orders "1 pltn back to guard the intact wooden and steel
bridge" K Company pltn selected and transported to bridge.
S4.2 mortar unit set up for Regimental support. 149th FA have
not been able to cross the rear streams over which bridges
were blown. 2nd Bn advance 1700 yds on the trail toward Davao.
Engineers clear a Jap mine field south of Kibawe, near us.
Rations depleted at breakfast this morning.
May 4
0800 All personnel work on strip cutting Tass with machetes.
1100 Massingill (Capt., Hqs Co CO and S-l), Bookout and party back to
bombed supply dump. Enroute back to CP capture another horse.
M Company now has 2 horses to carry some of their heavy weapons,
1 horse Hqs Company to carry 284 radio and equipment.
1600 Strip cleared so that Gen MARTIN landed his cub plane. Pappy at
strip to greet General.
1800 C47's drop rations, 3 meals issued per man. L Company furnish
guard for ration dump. Company strengths, officers and men:
Hqs 116, I 160, K 145, L 165, M 133. Bn total: 719 (Represents
strength in field).

-7-











May 5
0900 Clapshaw, Swartz (Lt Bn Communication Officer), Beale, Palazola
(M Co) Knight (Hq Co) enroute to CP from airstrip rout 3 Japs.
Japs ran and 2 killed, one was halted and questioned, later tried
running escape and was killed. One Jap was an officer.
1400 Catholic Mass at CP. K Company pltn bridge guard back to Bn area.
1600 C-47 lands on strip, evacuate 1st Bn wounded. Strip not large
enuf for cargo planes. Ted orders "Bn advance 0700 next".
1800 A Bn volunteer patrol returned from Jap supply dumps. Encountered
Japs in surprise move and killed 12. Patrol find flags, dry goods,
Jap personal items and 4 year old whiskey. Reported to Regt.
Ration issue: 2 meals. Summary: 15 Japs killed.
2000 Raining hard. K Company guarding Regt supply dump and water point.
May 6
0700 Bn moves out, I, L, Hq, M, K, picking up K Co as we pass Regt.
3rd Pltn L Co remains at airstrip as guard. 1st Bn leading advance.
1200 Reach blown bridge 1800 yds south of Lake Pinalay. 1st Bn pinned
down on the road near the lake. Have marched 8 1/2 miles since
0700.
1300 Ted orders "3rd En left flank enemy positions". Bn moves out, and
west off road at 61.8 26.8.
1600 L Company takes point of advance. Have moved 1000 yds west and
are proceeding north using all available terrain cover.
1700 Raining. Column advancing in dense undergrowth and swamp. Marine
bombers bombed Jap positions early afternoon.
1730 4.2 mortars firing for effect on our right rear.
1830 Column breaks and contact is difficult to effect in the dense,
dark swamp. Rain continues. Have moved north about 6000 yds.
1930 Proceed back to road. L Co point observe 2 Japs in the darkness
and rain as they reach road. Kill one and other fled. Get map
-from dead Jap. 3 pltns K Co spend night in swamp upon losing
contact. Perimeter at 61.7 29.9. Raining. Summary: 1 Jap
May 7
0600 Foggy after a very wet night.
0645 Pappy to Ted Radio "Reached objective 061935. No signs of enemy
activity. Am astride road at 61.6 29.5." 3 pltns K Company
intact from swamp to CP.
0730 1st Pltn I Co and MG (Machine Gun) section patrol by road to north.
2nd Pltn L Co patrol east of road.
0830 4.2 mortar schrapnel falling in our area as they support 1st Bn in
the attempt to break the enemy block to our rear.
0905 Ted to Pappy "When Curley (Lt Col Koonce CO 1st Bn) clears woods
you lead off and secure Maramag strip #1". Weather hot and clear
after fog clears. 2nd Pltn L Co patrol to CP. Negative report.
0915 L Company patrol at point 2 miles north and establish road block.
No enemy opposition enroute. Upon order of Ted "Bn will move
forward and secure strip #1 "at 1000". Order of march K, L, Hq, M, I.
1000 Column moves left of road forward. Pappy, Jackson, Clapshaw with
leading company.
1015 K Company and all of L Company with exception of its Hqs pltn

S- 8 -











clear perimeter area. Troops in perimeter receive sniper and
machine gun fire from Japs which have moved in on our right and
rear. Column is broken as rear of the column move to wooded section
for cover and deployment. I Company attempt flank move, pinned down.
1030 Men wounded during the initial attack are given aid, but aidmen
and litter bearers are driven from the open field perimeter by Jap
knee mortar concentration. Impossible to get some of the wounded
to safety. Jap origin of fire cannot be located.
1040 Arty observer plane radio us that leading elements of column are
800 yds from airstrip.
1100 Japs have closed in for hand to hand combat. Capt Gifford (Modical
Section) kills 2 Japs with his pistol after being hit in lower jaw.
Troops extend 300 yds into woods.
1130 Action ceases as DeRouen (Major, Bn Exec) orders withdrawal and
reorganization in deep woods. Marine planes bombing Japs behind
us. Massingill and party from I Co return toward scene of action
in search of missing and wounded. Temporary perimeter established.
1200 Assemble litter cases and plan route of march to forward elements
of the battalion. Planned order of march 2 pltns of I Company,
Hqs Company, remnants of M, L and I Companies. It is learned that
a 26 man patrol of A Company 1st Bn in an attempt to contact us,
became cut off from their unit and elected to dash across open
field to our lines. Only 12 of the patrol get through.
1330 Massingill and party, Fowkes (Capt, FA Bn), Sherin (Lt I Co) and
Markovitch (Lt L Co) missing in action.
1335 DeRouen to Ted radio "In woods back of last night's perimeter,
digging in, Japs over-run rear of column. Can't move until help
arrives. Need medical aid."
1350 Ted to DeRouen "Help will not arrive until Curley is through woods".
Decide to move Azimuth 340 degrees. Entire organization is
utilized in carrying litters.
- 1400 --Troops move out.- --. -- -
1500 Ted to DeRouen "Fowkes spotted by FA plane. Plane is guiding him
to you."
1530 Column is held up after clearing woods, so that Fowkes and other
missing personnel might catch up.
1600 DeRouen to Ted "Give us Pappy's location".
1610 Fowkes and small party arrive. Ted to DeRouen "Pappy is astride
the road at the bridge only 600 yards northeast of you. Join
him at earliest possible time today. Plasma will be dropped."
1630 Ashley (Lt L Co) and two squads contact rear column. Pappy sent
the patrol back to guide DeRouen to him. Forward elements of the
battalion secured airstrip with no opposition. Plasma dropped by
cub plane.
1645 Column moves out after wounded are attended.
1700 Marine planes bomb Jap positions in 'Colgan' Woods (so named for
Catholic Chaplain Colgan, killed there while ministering rites to
wounded). Planes use fire and demolition bombs.
1730 Battalion assembled in large perimeter at airstrip 62.2 31.6
1745 Pappy to Ted "Need 10 units of plasma, litters, bandages".

9 -











Rations were depleted with yesterday dinner. Raining.
1800 Summary: Japs unknown, count 10. 10 men (I Co), 1 man (K Co),
1 (Med), 4 men (L Co) and 2 men (M Co) all WIA. Massingill (Hqs Co),
Sherin, Gelman, Fusek, Freiman, Billington, Richalis, Gawronski
(all of I Co), Witkus (M Co), Calvin Smith, Lt Markovitch (L Co)
and Yates (Medico) all MIA (Missing in Action). Hawkins (3rd Bn
Medic), Dennison (106 Medic KIA (Killed in Action).
May 8
0800 Spasmodic firing during night. Pappy to Ted "Received Jap
artillery fire, 4 rounds at 0745 from about azimuth 40 degrees".
M Company machine gun position on road killed 2 Japs during night.
Dogtags of dead Japs stated 74th Infantry. Sniper is now firing
from our right rear into the perimeter. Reported to Regt the
names of yesterday's casualties, also asked for all kinds of ammo.
Troops are hungry.
0910 Ted to Pappy "Ration drop today. Hold present position making
every effort to clear situation at your rear".
1000 C-47's circle field but dontt drop rations.
1100 Cub plane dropped plasma. 11 Marine dive bombers circling Jap
block position, peel off and fire bomb.
1200 Helldivers still bombing and strafing.
1500 Cub planes drop a few K rations. No word of our MIA men.
1600 Radio again for ammo. Planes bombing again.
1630 C-47's dropping rations. Issue 5 meals. Ration strength: 87 Hqs
Co, 144 I Co, 122 K Co, 119 L Co, 114 M Co, total: 584
1930 Our machine guns are firing on the outer rear perimeter. Raining.
Summary 2 Japs killed.
May 9
0700 Japs harassing perimeter all night as estimated pltn attacked L
Company sector. Killed 5 Japs. 2 men (L Co) WIA.--,
0900 Litter train of 13 patients with Lt Taylor (K Co) in charge, and
S- pltn, move out in flanking movement to Regiment.
1100 Cub planes dropping ammo, wire, sound phones.
1300 Received word that litter train arrived at regiment safely.
Marine planes are again bombing and strafing 'Colgan and Berlin
Woods' (the road separates the two).
1315 Regiment reports MIA men Massingill, Fusek, Freiman, Billington,
Richalis, Gawronski came in at regiment. No news of other MIA.
1330 Part of S01 (L Co) lost. Reported to Regiment.
1450 Ted orders "Clear airstrip by noon tomorrow".
1500 Panels laid for ration drop. Raining.
1700 Ammo train in from Regiment with Massingill and party, 3rd pltn
L Company previously left at Maramag strip. Raining. No ration
drop. News received concerning Germany's surrender. Massingill
reports on May 7 he and his party were able to get 2 A Company
men out 'and to safety.
1800 Enemy block at our rear has not yet been broken. Helldivers
and 4.2 mortars have bombed and shelled the positions all day.
2000 Nine rounds of Jap mortar received in perimeter. No damage.
Raining. Summary: 5 Japs killed. 2 men (L Co) WIA.

10 -











May 10
0700 No firing during night.
0745 Ted to Pappy "Send patrols northeast. Check bridge to rear".
0830 Pappy orders "50% of men to airstrip with machetes to clear
grass for cub landing".
1130 Grass cutting detail finish.
1145 Radio from Regiment "Sherin at 1st Bn. Sgt Pratt K Co both men
from MIA to duty".
1200 Panel laid for ration drop.
1300 I Co patrol to east. K Co patrol to northeast.
1330 Helldivers still bombing Colgan and Berlin Woods.
1400 Cub planes using strip. Bring in socks, clothes, ammo.
1500 Pappy to Ted "What about rations".
1525 I Co patrol found 100 2501b American bombs. K Co patrol found
1 dead Jap Lt. Ted to Pappy "L-5 (cub plane) to bring rations".
1600 5 C-47's over strip and drop ammo including 4.2 mortar ammo.
Cubs bring in rations, 1 meal per man.
1730 Pappy to Ted "Received C-47 drop of ammo and 4.2 mortar".
1745 Pappy to Ted "Bridge to rear can be bypassed. Bridge burned.
20 ft long, 10 ft high".
1750 Ted to Pappy "0-47 made mistake and dropped everything to you.
Make list of items and notify."
2000 Enemy fires 24 rounds of artillery at perimeter, no damage as
missiles pass harmlessly over. Men complaining of hunger, have
missed 9 meals in past few days. Summary: 1 Jap found dead.
May 11
0600 Japs fire 20 rds artillery at perimeter again. No damage.
Artillery thought to be 75mm. Some firing during night.
0700 L Company reports killing 2 Japs during night. Men search dead
Japs for rice_to relieve hunger. -
0730 Bookout (Lt, Bn S-4) lands by cub plane and brings 1 meal per man.
0800 Pappy orders "50% of men cut grass for 0-47 strip".
0930 4 men M Company evacuated by L-5's, 2 were accidental gunshot
wounds.
1300 Corsairs drop fire bombs on Berlin Woods.
1330 Patrol of L Co east to Pulangi River. K Co patrol northeast to
Maramag village.
1430 General HUTCHISON arrives by cub and to CP. Got overlay of our
position.
1500 Marine planes bombing the 'Woods' again. Tough going for Ist
and 2nd Bns there.
1530 General left CP.
1625 K Co patrol negative. L Co patrol found trails used recently
running north and south. RRTR.
1630 7 cub planes bring in K rations. 1 meal per man issued.
1900 L Co observes estimated platoon of Japs to northwest. We put
81mm mortar fire on them. Results unknown.
1915 Raining. Japs fire 35 rounds at our perimeter. No damage.
2000 M Company heavy mortars in support of L Company fire 4 rounds
at unknown number of Japs as they enter and escape through the

11 -











west side of the perimeter. Summary: 2 Japs.
May 12
0700 Quiet night after 2000.
0800 Issue K Rations brought in by cub plane. 2 meals per man.
0900 I Company patrol to north 3 1/2 miles. C-47's dropping rations,
ammo. Regimental field artillery support is now in position.
0930 Cub plane evacuates 3 sick men.
1030 Tod to CP by cub.
1115 Ted orders "L Company to replace G Company back in Berlin Woods,
to move at once to position, attack after artillery concentration".
1125 Ted to Becker from CP "Move G Company only to Berlin Woods
immediately, where they will be met and guided to Pappy. L
Company is on way back to Berlin Woods. Suggest you put mortar
fire on Berlin Woods immediately but do not hold up G Company
movement. Have G Company meet L Company in northeast edge of
Berlin Woods".
1135 Ted leaves CP. L Company moves out.
1142 DeRouen to Burns (Regimental Exec) "5 C-47's'are dropping rations
and enmo here. Equipment now being dropped for hospital. Please
stop dropping here".
1222 Fappy to Tod "Please furnish me by cub a copy of photo strip
to north".
1230 Ted to Pappy "Photos are on the way".
-; 1315 G Company arrives at our perimeter, strength: 92 men. Lt.
Crisovan Commanding. G Company fills L Company gap in perimeter.
S1330 One man sick evacuated by cub. 20 bombers attack Berlin Woods.
1335 I Company patrol to the north saw 1 Jap and small fire, bypassed
to high ground. Saw no other movement in village west of
Maramag. RRTR.
' i 1400 All available men of battalion carry rations and supplies which
S were dropped from the 47's to dump inside our perimeter. 149th
: ,FA fire 2 or 3 100 round concentrations on Berlin Woods where
-. the Japs are still holding out from their defensive positions.
j K rations issued, 3 meals per man .
1550 DeRouen to Bookout at Regiment "Secured 348 cases of rations,
7,500 rounds M-l ammo, 8,000 rounds N3 (machine gun) ammo, Yank
magazines, 4 oxygen tanks, 4 tents, poles, pegs, 600 cartons of
cigarettes".
.i 1630 Marine planes bombing 'Colgan Woods'.
1800 149th FA registers in on points near our perimeter.
1840 Pappy to Ted "Would appreciate information if Knobby (Capt
Knoblauch, CO of L Co) arrived".
1845 Ted to Pappy "Knobby arrived with Bob (Lt Col Fowler CO 2nd Bn).
Jumped off at 1600 passed through woods with little opposition.
Bob should be somewhere just southeast of you. Further instruc-
tions in morning." The Japs have finally been forced from their
positions. Summary: Calvert (L Co), Meid (L Co) LWA. 3 Japs.
May 13
0700 Quiet night within the perimeter. Loud explosions heard.far to
our front. Believe Japs are destroying bridges and warehouses.

12 -











0743 Ted to Pappy "Our mission today is to secure strip f# only by
moving north. However you will await my orders before moving.
Hanna (Col HANNA, CO 155th Inf.) will pass through you early
today. Patrol strongly east of #1 to river. Contact Bob he is
responsible for strong patrolling east of road through woods to
river behind you. Burns and Beard (Capt. Regtl Adj) coming."
0745 Pappy to Ted "5 loud explosions, demolitions, between 2045 and
2115. 5 more this morning between 0530 and 0615. No activity
against perimeter during night."
0900 L Company in yesterday's action had 2 men wounded (as noted in
summary of May 12). L Company with elements of 2nd Bn jumped
off yesterday at 1600. Encountered enemy machine gun fire,
withdrew, and had 149 FA lay down concentrations. Advanced in
skirmish line steadily thereafter. Established perimeter in
Colgan Woods and are to proceed by road to our 3rd Battalion
CP today. Witkus (M Co Ist Sgt) from MIA to duty.
0910 K rations issued. 3 meals.
1000 C-47's dropping rations. Burns and Beard to CP.
1300 L Company in to CP leading 2nd Battalion. G Company reverts
back to 2nd Bn and L Company fills their former position in
3rd Bn perimeter. L Company got 2 Japs this morning.
1318 Pappy to Ted "Bob is now in my CP".
1330 155th Infantry (Hanna's outfit) go through us. 2nd Bn into
position 700 yards to our rear.
1400 5 0-471 s land on strip with rations, tractor and mowing machine.
1450 Fowkes to Ted "Cub observer reports bridge over Maramag river
blown". 116FA into our perimeter.
1500 Bn patrols return with negative reports.
1530 Regiment reports that Gelman (I Co) Lt Markovitch (L Co) bodies
were found. Status report from MIA to Deceased. Lt Sherin
(I Co) (heretofore noted MIA to WIA and reported to 1st Bn) lay
3 days and 4 nights after the action of May 7. He was searched
by Japs and left by them as dead. He was shot through cheek and
shoulder. Yates (Medic) Calvin Smith (L Co) bodies found.
1600 Ted orders "Move forward 1000 yds at 0700 next".
1700 Rear echelon vehicles of 155th Inf move into our perimeter
also 106 Engineers are beginning work on bypass for the burned
bridge immediately forward of us.
1730 Several Japs crawled to our perimeter. Are firing at 116 FA
as they prepare positions for their 105 howitzers. We kill
3 Japs. Japs identified as 7th Co 74th Regt.
1745 Chaplain Visscher has protestant service. 81mm mortars
registering in for the night. 155th Infantry units still
proceeding through us and forward.
1800 Summary: 1 man (L Co) 2 men (M Co) WIA. Lt. Markovitch (L Co)
Yates (Medic) Calvin Smith (L Co) Gelman (I Co) from MIA to
deceased. Japs: 5.
May 14
0700 Battalion moves forward 1 mile to form large perimeter around
strip, Division Hqs, Regimental Hqs. Ration issue: 3 meals.

13 -











0830 Wire communication from Regt to CP.
0930 I and K Company patrols east to Pulangi River. L Company
patrol west.
1100 Battalion vehicles, kitchens Hqs Co A & P pltn to CP.
1200 Beard reports Williams (M Co) drowned and body found in
Mindanao River, MIA to deceased.
1400 Hqs Co Anti Tank Pltn to CP after assisting Anti Tank Company
in picking up bodies in Colgan and Berlin Woods.
1600 Patrol reports negative.
1800 Clear and warm evening. Dive bombers land on strip.
May 15
0700 Spasmodic perimeter firing during night. 2nd Bn at our rear
are in a fire fight and have been since 0530 this morning.
0900 Light tanks pass through toward the 155th Inf front.
1000 Company or more of Japs attacked 2nd Bn this morning. Fire
fight has ended. 73 Japs dead. 2nd Bn had several casualties.
1130 General EICHELBERGER by B-17 to strip thence to Division.
1500 1st Bn through toward front.
1730 Generator set up, have lights at CP and radio news.
May 16
0700 Quiet night.
0800 2nd Bn through toward front. L Company takes over positions
held by 2nd Bn.
0925 Ted to CP.
0935 Ted leaves.
1000 Troops are paid April pay. Regiment moving to strip #2.
1400 Wire communication to Regt.
1700 Raining. Ted to CP. Much talk of the point system.
1710 Ted leaves CP. We, 3rd Bn, have advanced approximately 60 -
miles since crossing river at Carmen Ferry. -
May 17
S 0700 Quiet night except for the 1 Jap L Company killed on perimeter.
1000 167th Infantry contact made by advance party of 167th officers
at CP.
1200 -Division says well move at 1430. We await orders from Ted.
1420 Ted orders forward move of about 11 miles.
1430 Troops move out. Order of march K, I, Hq, M, L.
1730 Begin truck shuttle movement of troops.
1830 Bn perimeter formed around Division Artillery at the extinct
volcano. 70.3 54.4 Moved forward 12 miles.
2030 Vehicles and Kitchens to CP. Kitchen serves coffee and hot rolls.
Clear evening, moon shining.
May 18
0700 Rain in the early morning. Quiet night.
0900 Bn Strength: Hq 131, I 153, K 144, L 161, M 127, Medics 36.
Total: 735
1300 Ted orders forward move at 1400.
1330 Bn vehicles move out. 155th Infantry leading the point of
advance up highway some 10 miles in front of us.
1400 Troops move out. Raining.

14 -






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May 20 CP .
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. .- .- i -- 2 ....- ..... .
Airstrip #2 C-

Airtrip #1 0 CP 7 to May 16
*- -


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3rd Bn FI nckingg Pinalay
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Kibawe "i./ld Route of 3rd Bn
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Airstrip ulog 15 -












1700 Perimeter set up at north end of Valencia airstrip in front of
Division Advance CP and Regiment. Communications in. We moved
5 or 6 miles. Position coordinates 75.3-61.7
May 19
0700 Quiet night.
0800 Hamburger and fresh eggs for breakfast.
1 : 000 Chaplain Visscher conducted services.
1130 Ted orders 'no move prior to 14001 Men wash clothes and bathe.
1200 Concentration of Japs sighted across Pulangi River to southeast
about 5 miles by cub plane observer. About 1000 in one area and
600 in another. Artillery concentrated on the areas. Results
unknown.
1700 Artillery again fires on the Jap areas.
1745 Pappy calls meeting of Company CO's and orders move forward some
10 miles at 0700 next.
-, 1830 Raining. Movie shown in area.
May 20
0700 Troops move out. L, K, Hq, M, I
1030 Arrive Mailag. Fill up all canteens at artesian well. Engineers
have completed bridge across Manupali River. Former bridge of
steel was blown.
1200 Troops halt for an hour at pump beyond Mailag. Vehicles catch up.
1300 Troops move out.
1330 Battalion arrives at cross roads near Linabo. 79.0 75.3.
1600 Move forward again and set up perimeter on a bald hill 79.0 77.5
Battalion to protect our Marine Liaison Radio station. Heard that
at 1100 this morning 155th was fired on by Jap 75mm mountain gun.
SRaining hard.
1800 Vehicles and kitchens in and well-dispersed. Our artillery firing
S-- ------- periodically now and all night.
May 21
0700 No action on the perimeter during night. Battalion will stay in
position.
1200 I Company patrol 3000 yards east.
S1630 Patrol returned, negative report.
1700 Three I Company men go to a brook east of the road for water. On
way they investigate a native shack and found 3 armed Japs. Japs
ran and were killed. Japs today: 3
May 22
0700 Regimental Order "Move to Malaybalay by truck at 0800".
0800 Troops and trucks move out. Ration issue 6 meals.
1030 Battalion intact at Malaybalay. -
1045 Troops begin fording Sawago River. Cable is stretched across
river to support combat laden troops as they cross the swift river.
Engineers start work on a Bailey bridge across river. Regimental
CP set up on high ground near river. Troops remove shoes, socks
and trousers prior to the crossing. Battalion mission is to pro-
ceed through Malaybalay, east by trail into the mountains. Japs
reported as using trail to evacuate Malaybalay garrison and supplies.
1215 Battalion assembled across river and move through Malaybalay.

S- 16 -











3 Filipino boys with us as guides. Order of march K, I, Hq, M, L.
1400 No opposition as we reach crest of first high ridge overlooking
Malaybalay. Encountered 2 dead Japs, cases of ammo, supplies, dead
Japs had evidently worked feverishly to hurry the
evacuation. Find parts of mountain guns and 75 mm ammo.
1430 Establish perimeter on east side of first ridge. RRTR.
1615 Regimental wire team run wire to our perimeter. 80.2 87.6
1645 Pappy to Ted by phone '"ill need wire for communication to the
next ridge objective to the east of us. Will move out at 0800 next.
No contact during day. Saw 4 dead Japs in all. Will report when
next ridge is reached".
1650 149th FA registering in.
1830 Raining. Summary: 4 Japs found dead.
May 23
0730.- Quietnight. Bn moves out. I, L, Hq, M, K. Jap artillery firing
over us, some 15 rounds or more. No damage..
1100 Battalion gain crest of ridge. Encountered 2 and killed 2 Japs.
Through binoculars DeRouen sees a number of Japs on the trail in
the valley. Pappy to Ted via radio "No opposition. 2 Japs
converted to good Japs."

1130 149th FA fires on observed Japs. Japs scatter, results unknown.
RRTR.
1200 Perimeter on knoll below ridge. Knoll overlooks valley. 1 Jap
more reported killed. Perimeter coordinates 84.2 87.6
. 1400 Clapshaw to Barnes (Regimental S-2, Major) "Identified dead Japs
as 2nd Company 30 FA, Hqs 30 FA, 1st Company 30 Engineers".
1430 Broadway, Butler (Hq Co) Trask (M Co) and 2 Filipinos to CP from
Malaybalay. As they were leaving the village they killed 1 Jap
Sin a shack. C-47's drop rations. Issue 3 meals.
1730 Japs again noted in the valley. t.Put 81mm mortar on them. Results
not known.
1745 Pappy to Ted "70 boxes of rations recovered".
1800 2 rounds 81nm mortar fired on sighted Japs again.
1820 i49th FA fire for effect on known Jap area. Results unknown.
1900 Ted to Pappy "Move your battalion west to previous 1st ridge just
east of Malaybalay at 240730. Call on arrival." Summary: 4 Japs.
May 24
0645 Issue rations out of temporary dump. 1 meal per man depletes dump.
0730 Battalion moves back toward May 22 perimeter as per Ted's order.
Order of march L, K, Hq, M, I.
1000 Battalion clears first steep ridge enroute back.
1015 Pappy to Ted "Head of column to designated place".
1100 Battalion intact in May 22 perimeter. No opposition. Wire
communication to Regiment.
1200 Pappy, Jackson, Rice, Fowkes proceed on in to Regiment.
1445 Raining.
1715 Pappy (at Regt) to DeRouen "Move to Malaybalay at once. K Company
platoon and 1 section of M Company stay on ridge pass until 0700 next".
1730 Battalion moves out L, K, Hq, M, I.

17 -











1830 Perimeter established on the Provincial Capitol park lawn.
Eat hot meal prepared by kitchens.
2000 Pappy meets with Company CO's "Will move at 0800 next. Route:
Silae trail. Objective: Silae".


SILAE TRAIL CAMPAIGN
May 25
0630 Breakfast. Issue 6 meals K rations per man.
0700 K and M Company guard to CP from pass on the ridge.
0800 Battalion moves north then east of Malaybalay on Silae Trail.
Order of march K, I, Hq, M, L. Chaplain Visscher notified to
stay back for new assignment with paratroops.
1100 Trail turns east southeast. Pass 2 Jap light tanks on trail,
had been previously knocked out by our planes or destroyed by
their own hands because of terrain and mud.
1300 106 Medic by litter back to Regiment because of gun shot wound (GSW)
1330 Firing up front. Dive Bombers bombing and strafing trail to our
front. 3 missions.
1545 Pappy to Ted "Perimeter established 600 yards northwest of our May
23rd position. Coordinates 85.2 89.0. CP is in rice paddy.
Killed 17 Japs, scattered, found 12 dead. Captured 1 Jap howitzer,
3 machine guns, 2 mountain guns, 3 tanks and much ammo. Road can
be improved to 2000 yards of our present bivouac. Tracked vehicles
could use stream bed and reach here".
1630 Ted to Pappy "Will control air strikes. Keep us informed of your
forward elements and targets".
1635 Clapshaw to Barnes "Japs killed were of 2nd, 6th, 9th Companies
of 77th Regiment. One a 1st Lt. Condition poor, no shoes and
1/3 of them had 1917 Enfield rifles". -- -
--1640 -.Ted to Pappy "Guerilla Officer reports that natives have made
-traps along trail. They are camouflaged pits with bamboo spikes
j in the bottom". Raining.
1645 Bookout to Pappy "Request coordinates for ration drop early
tomorrow, send coordinates by 1800 each day".
1653 Pappy to Bookout "Check all kitchens and move all combat troops,
Without EMT's (Emergency Medical Tag), with supply train to join
s tomorrow". Pappy notifies I Company CO to advance at 0800 next.
1800 Ted to Pappy "Cub will guide SBD's (Marine Bombers). Mark
forward elements with panel". Summary: Japs killed and found
dead, 29.
May 26
0700 K Company got 1 Jap during night. Fairly quiet night.
0800 I Company moves out. Battalion will wait for ration drop.
0805 Pappy to Ted "Minor attempted infiltration. 1 Jap killed identified
as 5th Company 77 Regiment. Need plasma and sulfa drugs with
supply train today".
0825 Ted to Pappy "SBD's received AA fire yesterday from positions
700 yards east of you".

18-











0835 Bookout to Pappy "Checked kitchens, all men have slips or have
entered hospital".
0900 Ted to Pappy "Supply train on way. Cub will drop medicine".
I Company receives fire from 2 Jap AG's located on ridge south
of trail, kill 1 Jap, destroyed some ammo and tentage dumps.
0915 Pappy to Ted "Hill remain in present position on advice of
Battalion Surgeon as 60% of command have acute gastritis and
dysentery and 50 men went in yesterday. Will patrol vigorously
to east".
1000 Pappy to Hoody (I Co CO) by semifore and radio "Hold where you
are until further orders".
1030 Ration drop. 6 meals per man. L Company kill 1 Jap near their
sector.
1100 Pappy orders I Company to withdraw to ridge right of trail.
I Company destroys 6 cases 7.7 MG ammo in Banana Grove.
1200 SBD's bomb and strafe trail forward.
1230 Pappy to Ted "Casualty train in to you, be on lookout".
1300 149th FA shell Jap positions which were located by I Company.
1330 Hq, K, L, M take rations to I Company 1500 yards to front.
1400 Three SBD's bomb Jap positions. Hit an ammo dump and destroy
position. Forward observers stated that 3 Japs were blown into
air.
1430 Supply train arrives from Regiment with mail, medicine, etc.
1500 Woody report to Pappy "Advanced 900 yards. While locating a
S.1 perimeter came upon Jap bivouac area and 2 MG's. Killed 1 Jap
and located ammo dump. Moved Company across stream to high
ground right of trail. Bombers scored direct hits with good
visible results. No casualties." K Company gets 2 Japs during
the day, near their sector. Japs identified of 30 FA Regiment.
1545 Pappy to Ted "Coordinates are 86.5 88.5".
1600 Ted to Pappy "Casualty train arrived".
S1730 Several shots being fired in L Company Sector.
1735 Men of L Company yell over to CP "Chalk up another one". RRTR.
1825 Pappy to Ted "Will resume advance at 0800 next". Summary: 6 Japs.
May 27
0610 Battalion perimeter and I Company fired on by Jap 75mm and
smaller artillery. No damage. RRTR. 149th FA prepare to fire.
0700 Jap artillery silenced after 149FA counter fire.
0800 L Company moves out at point of advance. K, Hq, M, I to follow.
0900 Balance of battalion moves out. Casualty train moves out to
Regiment, Massingill (sick) in charge. L Company moving ahead
with no opposition.
1400 Battalion perimeter on high ridges some 2 miles or more from
rice paddy. Waded stream most of the way. Perimeter coordinates
87.6 88.6 Sighted many old Jap bivouacs along the stream.
1430 Pappy to Ted "Closed in at 1400. Killed 5 Japs, found 7 dead.
Will resume advance at 280800".'
1530 Heavy rain. 106 Medics train, Lt. Sibley in charge, arrive
from Malaybalay. Enemy ammo destroyed today: 6 cases 7.7 MG
ammo, 4 cases 50mm mortar ammo, 2 cases 75mm Mt. Gun ammo, 2 cases

19 -











dynamite, 2 cases land mines. Summary: 12 Japs killed, found dead.
May 28
0630 Rifle and grenade fire during night and early morning. Japs'
attack K Company sector of perimeter. 1 man (K Co) WIA, 1 man
(K Co) KIA. Killed 6 Japs. Japs were armed with rifles,
grenades and explosives.
0800 K Company moves out at point. Battalion will await ration drop.
Litter train out to Regt. Prather (I Co) and Russell (IIqs Co)
called in by Regt to accept field commissions.
0845 K Company in a fight. Stan (Capt Grossman K Co CO) to Pappy
"Japs using knee mortar and Mi's, asking for artillery support".
1 man (K Co) WIA. RRTR
0945 149FA fire for effect on the known enemy positions. 1 man (Hqs
Co)WIA by schrapnel of our artillery's close in firing.
1015 K Company forward immediately after artillery concentration.
1100 Ration drop by C-47's. 3 meals per man issued. 1 Man (K Co) WIA.
1200 Ted to Pappy "Ashley, Massingill, Chapman eligible for Army
Readjustment Program. Do they desire it?"
1205 Pappy to Ted "Massingill and Chapman are in hospital in rear area
Near you. Ashley says yes".
1245 Pappy to Ted "Recovered 46 cases rations. 1 drop went to the
Japs". Strength of Battalion in field this date: Hq 65, I 132,
K 136, L 109, M 84, Medics 44, Arty Ln 16, Total: 570. I Company
i ordered to line with K Company then turn right and take high
ridge right of trail.. I Company moves out.
1300 K Company encounters Jap light artillery in stream bed supported
by flanking machine guns. Pappy orders K Company to withdraw
7. and hold while I Company gains ridge on right.
S; 1400 Japs fire knee mortar on I Company as they ascend steep slope.
S --.- --We use 81's to good advantage, fire being observed by cub plane.
1 man (I Co) WIA. 1 Jap killed. We use artillery for effect...
1600 I Company has ridge secure. K Company ordered back into I
Company's old perimeter position.
S1620 Pappy to Ted "Due to MD, mortar and rifle fire, also light
artillery, advance of leading elements limited to 1000 yards.
5 known Japs dead. Our artillery used to good effect but results
undetermined. Terrain ahead is densely forested with mountains
on both sides of trail. Japs have prepared positions on next 3
ridges. Will resume advance at 0800. Forward movement will be
slow".
1635 Reported WIA's to Regiment.
1640 Raining.
1730 Pappy to Ted "Need BAR, Mortar, M 1 ammo and grenades".
S1830 Ted to Pappy "One of Bob's Companies will join you tomorrow."
Bob is in our former rice paddy perimeter. Summary: 12 Japs.
Pratt (K Co) KIA. 2 men (K Co) WIA. 1 man (Hq Co) WIA
May 29
0430 Jap artillery, believed to be mountain guns, firing at our
perimeter. No damage. Jap mortar and machine guns firing into
perimeter most of the night.

20 -











0740 Pappy to Ted "Minor attacks during night at 2000 and 0430. Japs
used rifle, MG, mortar, Mt Guns. 1 man slightly wounded. 1 Mt.
gun brought under our mortar fire at 0645. Jap casualties
unknown. Moving as planned. Casualty train leaving at 0800."
Cub plane used again to observe mortar fire.
0800 K Company moves out as advance unit up creek trail.
0930 C-47's drop ommo. I Company patrol out to the sector on the
ridge on which we placed mortar fire. Found and captured 1 Mt.
gun. K Company is fired on by mortar and MG. 2 men (K Co) WIA.
1000 K Company withdraws for 149th FA concentration on the known
Jap positions.
1015 G Company with 90 men report to Bn CP. K Company advances
quickly after the artillery fire is lifted.
1030 K is pinned down as before. Our artillery cannot penetrate the
dug-in Jap positions in the deep gorges. We use 811s.
1100 K Company forward again. 1 man (K Co) KIA. 3 men (K Co) WIA.
K withdraws for artillery. Jap column, estimated to be a pltn,
observed front left in draw of perimeter. Put 81's on column.
Results unknown.
1200 149FA puts another concentration on Jap emplacements in deep
gorge. Believed Japs were hit as they could be heard screaming.
1230 K Company advance again.
1400 K Company fighting. 1 man (K Co) KIA, 1 man (K Co) WIA. K
Company continues to maneuver forward and reduce 1 MG position.
Have 1 more MG emplacement to knock out. I Company sends 1 pltn
to right flank the MG from the ridge. Captured Jap 37mm gun.
1500 K Company put 81's on the position. K Company strength: 80 men,
Shave organized into 2 pltns. Litter train toward rear to be
Smet by 2nd Bn train.
1-600 --K flanks MG- and break the block are meeting sniper fire. 1 man
--.. --- (Medic) WIA and wil- stay night with K Co. -
1730 K Company secures high ridge to the left of trail and establishes
perimeter. K carrying casualties with them. Stan to Pappy "Hill
secure, place is crawling with Japs". RRTR.
1845- 149 FA registers in. Stan to Pappy "1 man WIA. Japs above and
all around my position but believe we can hold them off". RRTR.
Bn strength: Hq 75, I 128, K 96, L 106, M 85, Medics 26 including
S 106 Medics, Total: 516. Weather clear. Wire team from Regt to
CP. Bn CP still in old perimeter position. Summary: 5 Japs.
5 men (K Co) WIA. Hutchens (K Co) KIA. RRTR.
May 30
0600 Bn perimeter received 25 rounds of Jap artillery fire at 2000
and 2200. No damage. K Co received Jap mortar and MG fire.
G Company kills 1 Jap. RRTR.
0630 Cub observes our 81mm mortar fire.
0730 Our artillery firing concentrations on the forward trail.
0745 K Company casualty train starting back from their position.
Clapshaw and scouts proceed to I Company. I Company has orders
to advance up their present ridge then turn left and go down

21-











ridge to creek trail. This will put I Company on the trail to
the front of K Company.
0800 I Company moves out.
0900 C-47 drops rations. 6 meals per man issued. Dropped wire and
ammo.
1100 I Company secures objective against light opposition.
1130 L Company and balance of Bn advance up creek trail.
1200 Column moving slowly as Hqs and G Company carry rations for
K and I Companies.
1300 L Company in a fight against mortar, MG and rifle. L Co kills
6 Japs.
1400 Japs put mortar fire on L Company. 1 man (L Co) KIA, 6 men
(L Co) WIA.
1430 L kills 18 more Japs in flanking movement, but have to withdraw
for artillery support.
1545 114th FA firing 155mm's in concentration. 1 round is left and
short, explodes in K Company perimeter. 1 man (K Co) KIA,
3 men (K Co) WIA.
1630 L Company ordered to hold. Bn CP set up between K Company and
creek trail, on a steep hillside. I Company is on right of trail
forward. G Company on small knoll on creek at rear of CP.
Raining.
1845 I Company observes Japs pulling back in the gorge." Artillery is
placed on them, a lot of screaming, results unknown. Summary:
25 Japs. Adams (K Co) KIA. Lemke (L Co) KIA. 1 man (I Co)
5 men (K Co) 6 men (L Co) all WIA.
May 31
0600 Quiet night.
0800 Our artillery firing concentrations on forward sectors of trail.
Battalion strength: Hq 63, I 119, K 79, M 86, G 93, FA Ln and
Medics included. Total: 539.
0900 G Company ordered to lead advance. RRTR.
1000 L Company kills Jap near their perimeter.
1030 G encounters Jap mortar fire, litters called up front. Hqs
Company buried Hankins near 1st knocked out 37mm Jap gun. G
Company pinned down.
1100 I Company, less 1 platoon to hold ridge, ordered to right
Sflank draw of G Company.
1120 Japs still mortar our forward elements. 1 man (G Co) 1 man
(Medic) WIA.
1200 Hqs Company litter bearers start toward rear. C-47 drops ammo.
1215 G and I Companies pull back for artillery concentrations.
1245 G and I attack.
1330 Advancing slowly. 1 Jap killed. Hqs Co litter train ambushed.
Japs throw grenades at the men carrying litters down the rocky
stream bed. 1 man (Hqs Co) LWA.
1400 Squad of K Company ordered back to assist litter train.
1420 Litter train personnel had reduced the hold up, had killed 2
Japs before K Company squad arrived. Train continues back.
toward rear.

22-











1515 Chaplain Melton reports to CP from Regiment.
1545 Raining. I Company asks for ammo.
1600 G Company establishes perimeter left of creek.trail on knoll in
front of L Company. Met heavy resistance all day at creek forks.
I Company less 1 pltn to perimeter up right fork 100 yards.
8 Filipinos, 4 caraboa to CP from Regiment with wire and signal
equipment. Will stay with Bn and assist carrying heavy loads.
Ammo carrying party to I Company is fired on by Jap MG at forks.
1700 Wire communication is out of order to Regiment. Pappy to
Clapshaw (with I Company pltn on ridge top) "Bring the platoon
off ridge and knock out Jap MG in draw below you at 0700 next".
1905 Ted to Pappy "Report situation and activity".
1914 Pappy to Ted "Woody advanced 300 yds on right of creek. Cris
(Lt Crisovan G Co CO) did not advance. Renewing attack at 0700.
Japs today 24." Summary: 24 Japs. Ledbetter (K Co) WIA May 30
DOW. 1 man (Hqs Co) 1 man (I Co) WIA.
June 1
0600 Quiet night. Bright moon.
0720 Pappy to Ted msg by Cub plane "We need 12 units of plasma and
other medical supplies."
0900 Casualty train moves out to rear. Clapshaw with pltn advancing
down draw. 1 man (I Co) LWA.
0930 I Co pltn kills 1 Jap, encounter empty Jap positions. Captured
1 37mm gun' at creek forks, 20mm gun, 2 heavy MG's, found 100
dug-in positions with hole to hole line communication. This -
information imparted from Clapshaw to Pappy by radio. Wire
line to Regiment is in again. RTR.
0935 Pappy to Knobby "You push to and meet Clapshaw at creek forks.
.. ..-- On reaching forks push up left fork trail". -
O..1030 Clapshaw reaches fork. Ordered to hold. L Company encountering
sniper fire. Progress is slow.-
1040 L Company meets Clapshaw and proceed Ap left fork.
1200 L pushing slowly, kill 1 Jap. Clapshaw to CP, returns to front.
1210 L Company fighting up front against mortar and MG's. G Company
behind L Company. L Company 300 yds up trail from forks. L
is calling for litters. 4 men (L Co) WIA. Raby (L Co) Hill
(Medic) KIA. Clapshaw WIA. 25 Filipinos arrive at CP to carry
litters.
1400 Pappy and Jackson to Front. L Company pulls back for artillery.
1430 We concentrate artillery fire. Jap MG firing from point across
creek from CP. No damage.
1445 L Company pushes again. Clouds closing in. C-47 makes 1 run
over dropping area, is fired on by Japs. Because of the low
ceiling in these mountains plane carries its load of rations -
back to strip. Bookout guides C-47 crews and accompanies plane
on all ration drops.
1530 Raining. L Company pushing slowly.
1700 L Company breaks block and gains 400 yds of the toughest kind
of terrain and opposition. L Company's perimeter on knoll
commanding trail.

23 -

- "'' r












1730 Pappy, Jackson, Clapshaw, Fowkes return to CP. Sumiary: 15 Japs.
': Clapshaw LWA. 1 man (I Co) 4 men (L Co) WIA. Raby (L Co) Hill
S(Medic) KIA.
June 2
0600 Japs assault L Co perimeter early morning with grenade and mortar.
Young (L Co) Eckstrom (L Co) KIA. 2 men (L Co) WIA. Japs were
Driven off.
0715 Our artillery concentrates forward of our positions.
0800 I Company ordered and moves through to L Company to lead advance.
Dn strength: Hq 54, I 124, K 74, L 89, 1M 75, G 90, Medics 13.
Total: 519.
0830 I Company on trail abreast of L Company meet heavy resistance.
4 men (I Co) WIA. I Company ordered to pull back.
0930 We concentrate artillery fire. Litter train to rear. Pappy,
Jackson, Clapshaw and Fowkes to front. 4.2 mortar outfit joins
A our Bn and kill 1 Jap on way to our CP.
1045 Terrific fire fight up front as I Company attempts advance.
1100 4 C-47's drop rations. 7 meals per man. I Company holds and
G Company ordered to flank left up steep mountain.
1400 Rations gathered, which is no small job after the planes drop
them all over the country side. Many boxes are broken badly.
K and Hqs Company carry rations forward to I, L and G Companies.
1445 Cub plane crashes on K Company perimeter ridge. Pilot is
scratched and bruised but otherwise OK. Stays night with Bn CP.
1500 Bn CP moves to forks of the creek. G Company still attempting
-flank tactic over most difficult terrain.
-t 1515 Chaplain Melton buried Lemke, Eckstrom and Young 100 yards below
: forks. Battalion destroyed 2 cases TNT, 2 cases 37mm ammo.
1 630 G Company has attained right flank ridge. Killed 17 Japs after
-- .-- a stiff fire fight. Had some casualties. Impossible to evacuate
casualties tonight. -
1715 Pappy and party to CP from front. Reported casualties to Regt.
1900 G Company is ordered to return to CP tomorrow since they have
Sso many casualties to bring down the steep slope. L Company
-- has 1 casualty up front with them, WIA by sniper fire.
2100 Firing and grenade explosions up front. Raining. Summary: 18
Japs. 4 men (L Co) WIA. Eckstrom (L Co) Young (L Co) KIA.
June 3 -
0600 Battalion to reorganize. 0 Company reports they have 6 litter
cases.
0700 I Company ordered to send 1 pltn to help G Company get out.
SPappy goes with I Company platoon.
0900 Big casualty train start toward rear, 33 patients.
1045 -'I Company reports their pltn with them, G Company coming out
behind them, Pappy on way to CP. RTR. Ted says Bob will arrive
tomorrow as support.
1130 Pappy meets all CO's at CP. Plan made for next day's advance.
: I Company will lead attack after heavy mortar and artillery
concentration. Bn strength: Hq 58, I 92, K 66, L 81, M 59, G 57,
Arty Ln 6, Medics 11. Total: 430.

-24-













To Del Monte and North Coast NO TH
65 miles
00


-36 I
'i
S( Dalvangan 25 May 27 May 30 June 4
Sun28, 31 5_
Kaa. g,.. CP ,-. .Y .4 '
K alasunga 'Jun 7 C -. 0 Silae
Ma al r:-- CP June 2
CP May 24) :/ de May 23 3
I\ May 22

21 .
98.
21.(-- Linabo
.1 -; _1 .





Mailag ',." .
7). 0 5- miles

S- Route -of 3rd Bn.









25 -











1200 4.2 mortar pltn set up on edge of air dropping clearing.
Another litter train out, 3 litters, 6 walking patients.
1300 0-47 drops ammo. Ration drop tomorrow.
1600 Raining. ,4.2 mortars registering in. 4.2 mortar FO (forward
observer) 'Vith Knobby.
2300 K Company outpost above CP kill 3 Japs. Estimated enemy squad
had attempted to enter perimeter. Sumrary: 3 Japs. Carothers
(L Co) WIA June 2 to DOW. Billington (I Co) WIA June 2 to DOW.
1 man (I Co) WIA.
June 4
Quiet night except for few MG bursts and grenade explosions.
0745 4.2's and 155 mm artillery put down heavy concentration of fire
forward of our positions after our forward units move back.
0800 I Company moving forward right of creek. L Company moving
.- forward left of creek. Regiment calls 21 men from Battalion to
report to Regiment at once for possible discharge per Army
Readjustment Program.
0815 K Company follows I and L by trail. Pappy, Jackson, Clapshaw
and communication personnel forward with L and K. DeRouen to
Regt sick. Rest of Hqs Company and G Company stay in position..
0900 Casualty train out to Regt.
1030 Firing up front.
1145 Bob into CP with his command, E, F, H Companies. G Company
Smoves out and back midway to rice paddy to help litter trains.
1230 Knobby to aid station sick. Point has advanced 300 to 400 yds
he said.
1400 Raining. No ration drop because of closed in weather conditions.
Firing at front. New Lts Russell and Prather and 27 men in to CP
from Regiment. Many of the men are assistant vehicle drivers.
Men are needed badly in the field. Battalion is some 400 or more
-: ..- -men understrength. .
S1700 Pappy and party, including communication personnel, call by phone
to the unmoved 3rd Bn rear CP. Pappy has established forward CP
up front. Pappy to Ted by phone "Got 18 Japs, 2MG's, 3 knee
mortars, have 3 litter cases. Are in a deep gorge, visibility
10 yards. Tough going. Advanced about 1000 yards. Found 80 to
100 Japs dead by our artillery. Japs found dead still in their
foxholes. Forward CP located in gorge at 'The Hook' in the creek.
Coordinates 91.0 87.4."
1800 Raining. Regiment reported that DeRouen arrived there. Summary:
Japs killed and found dead, 111. Cates (I Co) WIA June 2 to DOW.
Hummer (L Co) WIA to DOW. 8 men (I Co) WIA 1 man (K Co) 3 men
(L Co) WIA 1 man (M Co) WIA.
June 5
0550 Advance CP received 10 rounds of Jap Howitzer fire. No Casualties.
0700 Ted to Pappy "Take high ground east of trail, then 2nd Bn will go
through you". 1 Jap was killed during the night.
0745 L and K Companies move to take east high ground left of trail. I
Company takes high ground right of trail. Rations are to be dropped
for both 2nd and 3rd Bns this morning. Rear 3rd Bn CP will move

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to Pappy's advance CP when rations are collected. 2nd Bn stayed
on perimeter of 3rd Bn Rear CP area.
0900 I Company has ridge on right secure. K and L Companies have
secured positions on left of trail. Ration drop. 6 meals per man.
1010 2nd Bn patrol reaches Pappy at the 'Hook'. Companies send details
to rear CP for the carrying up of rations. RTR.
1130 Rear CP personnel in at advance CP. Chaplain Melton buried Raby
on way to CP at 'The Hook'.
1200 2nd Bn passes through. Chaplain buried Hummer.
1400 Rations are all carried in to CP and distributed. 2nd Bn up
front is having a fire fight.
1700 Raining. Summary: 1 Jap. 1 man (I Co) 1 man (K Co) 4 men (M Co)
WIA.
June 6
0700 -.-Rained all night. Very little firing. Bn strength: Hq 60, I 79,
K 57, L 70, M 65, Medics 12; Total: 343.
0915 Casualty train out, Clapshaw and about 30 others.
1045 C-47's drop ammo at air dropping clearing.
1115 Division wire team in to CP.
1555 Reported to Regiment. DeRouen is getting along OK.
1810 Jops shelling 2nd Bn about 200 to 300 yds up the gorge from us.
Raining very hard. Holes filling with water.
June 7
0700 Uncomfortable night, holes filled with water.
0830 Ration issue. 2 meals per man. Larson and Rouse (Hqs Co) to .rear
sick. (Later) On the way Larson and Rouse kill 1 Jap and capture
i 1 Jap. They take the prisoner on in to Regiment for questioning
*minus pants.
0930 Casualty train out, 27 men. Received-Ted's order "Move back to
"Regiment after being relieved by 3rd Bn 108th Inf".
S1200_- Pappy meets with all CO's at CP. Order "Move out at 1300 back to
27th Portable Hospital located in rice paddy. Pappy with K Company
will stay in present position until 3rd Bn 108 Inf. arrives. Pappy
will orient CO of 3rd Bn 108 Inf. Jackson will command Battalion
enroute to rice paddy and until Pappy catches us".-
1300 Battalion moves out.
1630 Battalion in to rice paddy. Pass 3rd Bn 108 Inf. enroute.
S1715 Pappy and K Company arrive in rice paddy perimeter. Anti Tank
Company is set up here and assist with litter trains as casualties
return from front. Raining. Summary: 1 Jap killed, 1 Jap
Prisoner of War.
June 8
0700 Order of Pappy "Battalion will move in to Malaybalay at 0800 or
when the 12 litter cases are made to move from the 27th Portable
Hospital".
0730 Pappy and small party move out in advance of the Battalion to
Regiment.
0800 Battalion moves with litters over 2 ridges, same route the
Battalion used May 24th. Trail is very slippery and progress is
slow going up and down the steep slopes with litters.

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1200 Pappy and party arrive at Regiment. DeRouen has Battalion kitchens
set up and area arranged for the Battalion to move. 78.3 88.6
1430 Battalion arrives with litters. Battalion litter bearers were met
at crest of last ridge by Dodge and party of rear echelon drivers
and men. They carry litters to waiting ambulances. Kitchens have
good hot meal prepared. Ice tea later.

END OF SILAE TRAIL MISSION

Have been on the Island of Mindanao, P. I. 47 days. Subsisted on
K rations 39 days.

June 9
1400 General HUTCHISON to CP.
June 10
1300 I Company moved to Malaybalay airstrip as guard. Newly assigned
Chaplain Barrnett conducts services.
1430 Col STARR and Maj BECKER to CP. Special Service issues cold cokes
to men.
June 11
0800 L Company ordered to send patrol 6 kilometers north to investigate
Filipino report of 50 Japs in area.
1400 L Company patrol back. Negative report. Division band entertains
in Battalion area.
June 12
to ----....
SJune 19 Nothing special to report.
June 20 -
* 0730 K Company reinforced ordered to patrol north then east to Dila
River. K moves out. -- ...
S1545 Radio Stan to Pappy "On high ground at 74.0 99.9 overlooking
River. Saw 7 Japs east of river. Will send patrol east at -
210800.
June 21
K moving east to river. Killed 2 Japs at 76.1 99.4
June 22
K sends out patrols, negative. Receive rations by air.
June 23
0730 Ted to Stan "Remain in present location. Send out local patrols
Cannon Company will be in position to support your advance this
PM".
1110 Stan to Ted "Captured 1 Jap prisoner, no identification".
1200 Stan to Ted "Local patrols returned. No activity".
1650 Stan to Ted "Plan to move south 240800. Rich (Capt CO Cannon Co)
has fire preparations".
June 24
0955 Stan to Ted "Am at approx. 76.0 98.0. River trail very rough
for gunshot wound litter case. Am moving south cross country to
Kalasungay".
1300 Stan to Ted "At 76.4 94.7 should be in Kalasungay 1630".

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1510 Stan to Ted "At 75.6 93.5 investigated positions at 76.7 -
99.1 found saber, no Japs. Plane reported 2 miles of river
cleared before we turned south".
1726 Ted to Stan "Stay in present position tonight. Investigate
position at 78.5 97.1. Send litter case back to Kalasungay
as planned".
1730 Regimental Radio Section to Rapp (3 Bn Radio Section) "Please
stay on the air at all times until you are given permission to
leave. We have called for two hours and no answer".
1735 Rapp to Costello (Regt Radio Section) "You invent a way to
walk and operate and we will".
June 25
1135 Stan to Ted "Am at 77.5 97.3 killed 30 Japs counted, in 2
gardens. Am moving southeast along creek".
1140 Stan to Ted "Captured Filipino, a prisoner-of the Japs. Filipino
says 100 Japs east of river. Will try to have Cannon Co adjusted
to area".,
1212 Stan to Ted "Cannon Co fired mission. My patrol investigated
and found 2 dead Japs.
1310 Ted to Stan "When patrol completes reconn return to base camp".
1825 K Company intact in Battalion area. Stan reports to Pappy on
today's early morning action. "We were proceeding back to river
and as we gained the crest of a ridge we saw in the valley 2
gardens and a large number of Japs gathering food. We deployed,
advanced, set up Mi's with riflemen forward on lower slope. On
Signal weapons were fired. Japs were taken fully unaware."
June 27
Bn entrucks to Del Monte.
July 24
S B---- ---Bni entrucks-to Del Monte strip. Duty: Infantry training -
battalion in new weapons for-X Corps Combined Arms School .
Sept 2- -
War ends! Training ends

THE END

T/Sgt Strahan, Bn Sgt Major













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