Title Page
 Florida state depositories
 History of the 159th fighter bomber...
 Table of Contents

Title: 159th Fighter Bomber Squadron, Florida Air National Guard
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047685/00001
 Material Information
Title: 159th Fighter Bomber Squadron, Florida Air National Guard 1951-1952
Series Title: Special archives publication
Alternate Title: One hundred fifty nineth Fighter Bomber Squadron
Physical Description: 84 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida -- Dept. of Military Affairs
Publisher: State Arsenal
Place of Publication: St. Augustine Fla
Publication Date: [1988?]
Subject: Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Aerial operations   ( lcsh )
Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Regimental histories -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
General Note: Cover title.
General Note: At head of title: Florida Department of Military Affairs.
General Note: "The records reproduced in these pages are photocopies of microfilmed originals."--p. 5
Funding: The Florida National Guard's Special Archives Publications was digitized, in part by volunteers, in honor of Floridians serving both Floridians in disaster response and recovery here at home and the nation oversees.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00047685
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Florida National Guard
Holding Location: Florida National Guard, St. Augustine Barracks
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the Florida National Guard. Digitized with permission.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001074184
oclc - 19015911
notis - AFF8842

Table of Contents
        Unnumbered ( 1 )
    Title Page
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Florida state depositories
        Page 3
        Page 4
    History of the 159th fighter bomber squadron
        Page 5
        Page 1
        Chapter I: Preparation for overseas movement
            Page 2
            Page 3
            Page 4
        Chapter II: Overseas movement
            Page 5
            Page 6
            Page 7
        Chapter III: Problems at the new base and their solution
            Page 8
            Page 9
            Page 10
        Chapter IV: Morale
            Page 11
            Page 12
        Chapter V: Training
            Page 13
            Page 14
        Page 1
    Table of Contents
        Page 2
        Chapter I: Operations
            Page 3
            Page 4
            Page 5
        Chapter II: Combat operations
            Page 6
            Page 7
            Page 8
            Page 9
            Page 10
            Page 11
            Page 12
            Page 13
            Page 14
            Page 15
            Page 16
            Page 17
            Page 18
            Page 19
        Chapter III: Training
            Page 20
            Page 21
        Chapter IV: Stationings
            Page 22
            Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 1
        Table of Contents
            Page 2
        Chapter I: General
            Page 3
            Page 4
        Chapter II: Operations
            Page 5
            Page 6
            Page 7
        Chapter III: Combat operations
            Page 8
            Page 9
            Page 10
            Page 11
            Page 12
            Page 13
            Page 14
            Page 15
            Page 16
        Chapter IV: Statistics
            Page 17
            Page 18
            Page 19
            Page 20
        Page 21
        Table of Contents
            Page 1
        Chapter I: General
            Page 2
        Chapter II: Operations
            Page 3
            Page 4
        Chapter III: Operation hi-tide
            Page 5
            Page 6
        Chapter IV
            Page 7
            Page 8
            Page 9
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The Florida National Guard reserves all rights to
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were digitized by the University of Florida in
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Department of

Military Affairs

SpGeial ArchGxes
Publication Number



State Arsenral
St. Francis
St. AugustiFe,



The special Archives Publication Series of the Historical
Services Division are produced as a service to Florida
communities, historians, and to any other individuals, historical
or geneological societies, and national or regional governmental
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At present, only a very limited number of copies of these
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Robert Hawk


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Bay County Public Library (1968) St. Petersburg Public Library (1968)
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The records reproduced in these pages are photocopies of
microfilmed originals obtained from the U.S.A.F. Historical
Research Center, Maxwell A.F.B., Mongomery, Alabama. The
original manuscripts were old, water and aged damaged, and as a
result, photographed poorly. Some pages were un-readable and
most had to be copied at a very high darkness setting to bring
out the faded print at all.


HalrteCrF 1.t'99211 n0ar"R BOlBEP 8QUAIOi

116th ft Bar UIlrn, by Capt John W Mn
(Blistorcal Offiter)

fetober 1952

(Tecticsl Air Crommt tEangly AB, 3r)

C1pt 1V1 Lt Col onel QUA
*s c _
Criutoflc.1 Officer) ,

(Treieal Air CominG, Uncly 73, Ta)



1 JULY 1951 TO 30 SEPTEVMBR 1951

Prepared for the Historical Office
116th Ftr Bmr Wing by Capt John W Munn
(Historical Officer) SSpt James D Snead, Jr.

5 October 1951

(Tactical Air Command, Langly AFE, Va)




II OVERSEAS MOVEMENT.............................. 5.


IV MORALE ................. ....................... 11.

V TRAINING............................... ....... 13.






The first of July found the squadron operating out of packing

crates, making out as best it could without completely unpacking.

A limited flying program was being conducted with the seven air-

craft remaining whose movement to Newark had been stopped when

orders arrived delaying our movement to Europe. Pilots had been

dispatched to the East Coast to.pick up and return those of our

ships which had not been pickled already for the expected Atlantic

crossing. These were to be used for further training and familiar-

Ization during the period of delay.

It had been announced that the delay in our movement orders

to Europe was caused by the failure.in the completion of an

adequate base in France for our wing, and was to be for a period

of thirty to forty days. However, members of the squadron main-

tained an attitude of watchful waiting, for changes in orders had

a way of coming up with startling suddenness on this.particular

movement and everyone expected another development to appear at

any moment. Nor was this attitude unfounded, for on the third

of July the most startling development of all took place: Our

orders to Europe were cancelled and ne were ordered to prepare

for immediate movement to the Far Eastern Air Force. Our planes

were to be transferred immediately to Alemeda Naval Air Station

and placed aboard carriers (most of them were still en route to


our station from Langly and Shaw where they had been left to

vait until they could be processed at Newark,.

On the same day the orders arrived our plane reached -

George AFB from the East Coast. They were refueled immediately

and sent on to Alemeda. Some of the aircraft assigned to our

wing had already been pickled and loaded on carriers at Newark,

and were already well on their way across the Atlantic. To make

up our quota of aircraft in time for the movement, other wings

operating F-84 E's were ordered to transfer some of their planes

to us, much to the discomfort of our pilots, for we had given

up brand new aircraft only recently brought fvom the republic


'7 .






By the fifth of July all of our aircraft were at Alemeda

and loading operations were already under way. The seventh

found all of the sections packed and crated, ready for ship-

ment. The first movement, of which our squadron was the big-
gest part, boarded buses at George on July 9th, and on arriving

at Alemeda the next morning was welcomed aboard the USCVE Sitkoh

Bay. At 1700 the Sitkoh Bay sailed with the entire squadron

aboard with the exception of 1st Lt Ellis B. Davis, Engineering
Officer, who was a member of the advance party which was travel-

ing by air, and lst Lt Roscoe B. Tanner and three airmen, who

were all part of the rear detachment.

Except for the discomforture accompanying the cramped and

crowded quarters for the airmen on board ship, the fourteen day

trip to Japan was not too unpleasant. There had been some

concern for the aircraft, most of which were tied down unon the

flight deck and exposed to any disagreeable weather which might

be encountered since there had not been time for adequate pic',l-
ing for a sea voyage, before loading them aboard the carrier.

However, the weather was pleasant all the way and careful daily

inspections by our engineering personnel kept corrosion at a

minimum and they arrived in Japan in fairly good condition.


The Sitkoh Eay docked at YoP-uka, Japan at 1200, July

25th. The unloading of aircraft was begun immediately. The

planes were placed aboard lighters and pulleu across the bay

to Kisarazu, AFB, where they were to be inspected and test

flown before ferrying them up to our new station. Visawa AFB.

To assist in the work of inspection and testing of the aircraft

five pilots and forty airmen from our squadron remained at

Kisarazu. The rest of the squadron departed by train for








The immediate problem faced by the squadron on arriving

at Misawa was that of housing, both for the personnel and for

the various sections themselves. Due to the crowded conditions

on the base, it was necessary to quarter all the airmen in

warehouse buildings close to the flight line. Officers were

quartered in dependent houses. Work was begun immediately on

the erection of tents in the squadron dispersal area to provide

office and storage space for operations, engineering, armament,

personal equipment, communications, and tech supply sections,

and a briefing room for the pilots. By August 1st the necessary

tents were up and the sections wer e performing limited' opera-

tions. Planes began to arrive daily from Kisarazu and test fly-

ing began under the,supervision of 116th Maintenance Squadron.

The last of the planes arrived on August 9th and the officers

and men on TDY at Kisarazu returned to the squadron. The planes

were put into commission rapidly and operational flying was soon

under way. Four pilots were placed on TDY to the 6147th Tac

Control Squadron in Korea during this period for the purpose of

familiarizing themselves with the operation of tactical air


Almost as soon as it was able to function as an operational

unit the 116th Wing became a part of the air defense program in


Northern Japan. On August 15th it took the active alert system

for the base. The 15~th, along with the other two tactical
squadrons, was to be on the altert with eight combat-ready air-

craft and pilots standing by during daylight hours two days out

of each six. This system was found to require too much ground

handling of aircraft and equipment and was later discarded in
favor of having each squadron stand the alert a week at a time.

During the days that the squadron was not on the alert tac-
tical training began in earnest. Until the armament section had

completed the job of boresighting all of the aircraft and ade-

quate facilities could be provided, on transition, formation, and
instrument missions could be flown; later bombing and gunnery

flights were predominant, and as the pilots became increasingly

familiar with the aircraft and Al-C gunsight the scores recorded

on increasing proficiency in their use.

On August 27 a mock attack on the base was staged. Our
.squadron was alerted at 0400 and all personnel took up battle

stations. While the airmen helped defend the field from the

ground attack our pilots flew 38 sorties and 58 hours supplying

air defense and ground support, a total of 17 aircraft partici-

pating. During the months of August the 159th led all squadrons

in total flying hours, having flown 665 hours.






But, while, the tactical efficiency of the squadron had

shown a very noticeable improvement, one problem had grown in-

creasingly acute; Morale. This was apparent in many things.

The sick-call line grew longer daily, most of the cases legit-

imate ones caused by the damp, draughty quarters, with too many

men sleeping close together; there were too many black eyes and

bruises showing up; there was accessive drinking; good men

were performing their jobs without the usual enthusiam.

There were several reasons for the morale prcblem to crop

up at this time. The living conditions were bad. The men wero

having to work long hours with very little time off. The general

feeling of uncertainty that pervaled in our whole wing because

no one knew what we were going to do. Other reasons added to

the irritation.

Something had to be done, and it was. Pressure was exacted

by the squadron commander to have better quarters made available

by the base and by 17 September the men were given quarters in

stucco barracks. A squadron beer party was given on August 31st

at a near-by beach and all work except the altert was suspended

so that all might attend. New plans of duty rotation were tried

by all sections, each aiming at giving the personnel more conse-

cutive time off. Soon there was a noticable improvement of morale.






During the month of September training continued to pro-

gress. The first napalm bombs droppedd by this unit with tne F-

84 E's took place on September 5th. During the month several

officers were sent to Korea to become familiar with the problem

of combat operation in that zone. Ground support missions were

flown to Chltose to support the war games being conducted by the

45th Division there. The week of September 24-29 was devoted to

extensive rocketry, gunne-y, and bombing training. During that

period 17,431 rounds of .0 caliber am-unition were fired in

ground and aerial gunnery, a total of 167 HVAP 5" rockets were

fired and 143 on hundred pound practice bombs were dropped. A

squadron record for total time was reached with 763 hours bitng


During the three month period there were twenty-nine pro-

motions for airmen in the squadron, and among the officers Maj

Daniel F. Sharp, Squadron CO was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel,

and 1st Lt Clyde M. Taylor was promoted to Captain.


1 OCTORE. 1951 TO 31 DCE24ER 1951

Prepared for the historical Office
116th Ftr Er Wing, by Capt John W. iMunn
(His:''-:al Officer) SSgt Janes D. Snad Jr

9 Janur.Ly 15<

(Tactical Air Coriid, Lai:tly AF?, 7; ;

Lt Colonel, U3Ak Ct, U
o:u'.ndirg Capt, US
HiL.tcrical officerr


W. I

.- *; ,.- *
cos-. -

Chaptr .Pare
.E as,, A.,
1 -' ;T" -* o(. ... .. ... .

II. .CO- AT'C... TI.NS .. ... ... ... . 6 .

.. Preparations. .. . .... *. .

Initial vement .. .. .. 8

Movteent of Aircraft 10

.Cobat Oeratio . . *. .- 10

Return rp.. 17
: .
Swaay" r ,. . .... ... 17

III. aaTRAI. . . .. .. 19
S' I STATISTI .. .. .. .. -... 21

S .. APP IX .... ... ..... .... 23






The month of October began with the squadron standing the reidy

alert. On the second of October a full-scale base air defense roblea

began and all in-coanision air craft and pilots were alerted in b.di-

tion to the regular alert crews. From 2 October through 4 October fifty-

four sorties (100:3C) were flower. on interception and air defense missions.

On Friday, 5 October, this unit was changed into an aggressor force with

the mission of attacking points in the Tokyo Bay area. On takeoff for

the first mission, Captain Clyde i. Taylor's aircraft (F-84E 51-593j had

a complete compressor failure and he was forced to zrash land in a Jap-

anese village near the base. Although Captain Taylor received only minor

bruises and abrasions the aircraft was damaged beyon repair. A total of

2300:10 flying tine had been accumulated by this squadron 3ince the last

major accident.

The following two weeks of this month were spent on tactical train-

ing. 6,912 rounds of 5c0 cal. were fired in aerial and ground gunnery

with an over-all percentage of 10.5 hits; 87 rockets were fired with 52

hits;.a total 5T 165 one hundred pound practice bombs were dropped during

the two week period. On 2 October the squadron's pilots became 10C% "J,:t"

when 1st Lt Eugene W. Fausett and 2d Lt Eug-;.eaD. Ruder were awarded the

MOS 1059.

Ground training came to the fore the last two weeks in October. An

excellent mobile training ur-it school came to our base and all pilots of


thli: squadron attended their classes when not scheduled for the alert.

The monthly flying totals for October are as follows:

Total Flying Time 704:40

Actual Instrument Time 63:30

HcooJd Instrument Time 18:55

226 GCI Sorties 321:05

Aerial Gunnery Rounds Expended 9,305
Ground Gunnery Rounds Expended 19,756
5" HVA F rockets Epended 133
100# Practice BoIbs 351
t- Gallon Napalm Bombs 23

127 rCAs
186 D/F Homers
17 Ground Control Sorties

Operations ws.:e of the usual nature during the month of November.

The squadron continued to fly the alert.and during the periods when not
on that mission, tactical training was continued and the average pro-

ficiencies of the pilots continued to improve. On Wedn'-aday, 7 N-ovem-

ber Lt Col Sharp l-.d a sixteen ship flight to the Yokahama Area to par-

ticipate in an aerial review for General Stratecyer. On Thanksgiving

morning a 72 hour alert vwa called, with all available aircraft and

crews standing by. During this period two twelve ship flights simulated

atta' .. on the Yokahawa .dock area.

The last four day- of this month were spn;:t in making g all the

rncessary preparation: for the propcbed flight -. Korea of all combat

ready pilots.


Initial Movement
Special Assignments
1.ovw.ent cf Aircraft
Combat Operations
R.tturn Trip





In that the proposed movement of one squadron to Korea for tactical
and training purposes was classified there were no written directives

until Letter Order #58-1, paragraph #1 was issued directing the 116th

Group Commander and the 159th Squadron Commander to depart for K-2

immediately for. Liaison purposes. Lt Col Kuhn and-Lt Col Sharp departed

Kisawa 21 !Iovember 1951, an! arrived at K-2 21 November 1951.

Or. arriring at K-2 Colonel Kuhn contacted Colonel Euck, Commanding

Officer of the 136th Wing, Colonel Mason, Corr.anding Officer of the 749th

Wing, and Colonel Halten, Commanding Officer of the 136th Group. The
plans which had already been drawn up by the 136th Group were discussed

and expanded upon during several meetings. The operational plan as

outlined by the Operations Section of the 136th Group was found to be

satisfactory in all respects (See Appendij #i). However', all agreed that

the original plan for a stay of only two days was insufficient to carry

out the purpose of the mission.

Upon arriving back at iiisawa the two officers discussed the pro-

posed plans with the Commanding Officer to the 116th Wing. Colonwl

Stanley drew up a TU'X proposing that the time limits be extended and

that other minor changes Y'e made in personnel allotment. T:.e original

plan called cr sixteen pilots and sixteen crew chiefs to make the trip.


They were to arrive at i-2 in the morning, fly a aissior. that afternoon,

and rem.in only two -nights thereafter, flying .s many missions as possible

during that period, and return to Risawa on th- third day. 31lth Air

Division then proposed sending all combat ready pilots assigp.ed to the
squadron and increasing-the support personnel to include Armanent and
Communications men.. -The final strength figures arrived at were.as

follows: .

23 pilots (Including two attached Wing Headquartdrs pilots)

1 Engriering. Officer.(Non-rated)
16 Crew Chiefs:
2- Corpnmnications Men

33 Armorers

3 Sight systems mechnizs (Who also ddubied as armorers)

No -definite period of tiae was decided upon.. The squadron was to
remain in Korea until each combat ready pilot had participated in four
S-.(4) combat_ issiorn..

initial Hovement

:' As.per. Letter Order #lC3-2, paragraph #1 Captain LeSuer and Lt

G.rahaa.departed Risawa at !430, 28 November, via HA.TS courier and

.arrived at K-2 1430 29 November. Upon. arriving there these officers
",;: contacted Captain Harshall, S-4, for the 136th Group and at 1700 of
that'date an operational planning meeting.was called, at which time the
111t_. .h th, and 182d Squadrons were represented. Operational, Maint-

" _-:.' ': 'i ;: .'.!;;:.-: : ;.^ ,; '*

enhance and Armament problems were taken up by this group." It was
decided that the aircraft of the 159th Squadron would be divided among
the three qyadrons of the 136th Group for whatever support would be
needed for their operation while at K-2. A tentative operational nls-
"sion schedule was drawn up and a discussion'of ~e work load involved

in supporting such a schedule brought out the possibility that more

arnament personnel would be needed to accompany the 159th than had
been planned upon previously. Colonel Sharp was informed of this pos-
sibility by telephone and the number of armament men to make the trip
was increased. Later, it was-found that due to the excellent support

given by the 136th Squadrons the original plans for four armorera would
have been sufficient to carry out the mission schedule.

The problem of quarters and bedding was then taken up, and with the

cooperation of Captain Karshall ard Lieutenant Wright of the 136th it was

taken care of with a minimum of effort. The 159th.Officers were to be
Quartered in the Transient 80 while the Airmen were to occupy one of
the new BOQ buildings. A work and storage building on the flight, line
Swas assigned to the 159th Squadrn for uise by the Engineering Section
and storage of the pilot's flying equipment.

The following day, 30 Nov-iber, at 1100 the C-54 carryir.; 5,100 ls.

of the 159th's supplies and equipment, thirty-four airmen and five
officers, departed Fisawa, arriving at K-2, 1500 the same day. With the
aid of the 136tl Motor Vehicle Squadron the personnel an. equipment were

moved to the 159th assigned area. :The ainren and officers vere fed and

billeted and everything made ready for the arrival' of the 159th aircraft.

.:. .-

'The mov--ont of the personnel aboard tIhe courier and the pilots flying.

.the Squadron aircraft is covered.by Letter Order $104-3, paragraph 1,

:and letter Order #108-3, paragraph 1.

Movement of Aircraft

: At 1200, 30 Novezber all o. the pilots who were to fly the Squadron's

aircraft to K-2 had their planes loaded, their.maps and flying gear ready,

.nd were waiting for the final word to start up.' At 1300 Col. Sharp

arrived from Operations and briefed the pilots for the trip. Col. Stanley .

and Col. Kuhn were present to see the squadron off. It was necessary to

start engines by 100 in order to arrive at.X-2 before'dark, which was

deemed necessary since most of the pilots were unfamiliar with the field

there and the surrounding terrain. It had been.snowing intermittently at

Misawa.all day and as the pilots were getting strapped into their plane*'

S another severe snowstorm.covered the field making take-off impossible.- .

S The flight was postponed until the following morningg.'

Combat Operations : ..

At 1500 1 December the pilots of the 159th were called to a meeting

in the 136th Group Operations building. Captain Cunningham, 136th Group

Operations Officer, gave them a thorough briefing on tlh current opera-

tions of the 136th Wing and the operational plans for the 159th during

:their stay at E-2. The 136th Group IntelligEnce Officer then brifeed

.. :?- ,.o:'.,?'-'-:'( . .. .

.the pilots on escape and evasion aids available for combat aircrews
workinE in Iorth Korea and the beat methods for their use. The Assis-

S.aat Ground Liaison Officer followed with a briefing on the current
situation with regard& to the Ground Forces, ending his talk with a

short history of the entire Korean War from its beginning to the pres-

ent time. The pilots were told th.t"they would fly their first missions

:.the following day. -
2 December 1951

iission # 3651 -
Sixteen (.16) aircraft to attack' rails in Wonsan area (CU7020).

Briefing 0900, Take off 0930, "WIilliaa Flight:' Wiziewski (136th),

Fausett, Taylor, C., Graham. -:XEay Flight: Hoore (136th), Higginrs,

,Kunn, ediln. Yoke Flight: *ailer 1(36th), Price, Taylor,' J.,

.Guffey, Zebra Flikht: Savage (136th),'Nunnally, Sharp,. Tanner.
Flights attacked targets as briefed. :Three rail-ers cli.el.

: Will 2 received minor flak damage in dive break area. Xray 4 and
Yok' 3 reaclved minor damage from flying debris.

mission #3652
T;.elv (12) aircraft carrying 4 1,000' tozbs fused .1 second

nose delay and fourteen (14) 50CA' GP bombs fused .1 second nose

delay, Briefing 1230, Take off 100. Target. swe as 3651. Yray
FliLglt: Higgins, Howell, LeSuer, Whitta-er,. Yoke Flight: lunnally,

:,Ruder, Miller (136th), Duffey. Zebra Flight: Poutre, hoore (136th)

S.Mas on, Munn. Flijts attacked Targets as briefed. .Two (2) rail cuts

claimed. Light flak was encountered with no damage to aircraft
Sreporteod. .. .

. ". .. % ., '-.

the pilots on escape and evasion aids available for combat aircrews

working in North Korea and the bet methods for their use. Tho Assis-
tant Ground Liaison Officer followed with a briefing on the current

situation with regards to theGround Forces, ending his talk with a
short history of the entire Korean War from its beginning to the pres-
ent time. The pilots were told that they would fly their first missions
: the following day.
2 Deca-bier 1951

-iission # 3651 .
Sixteen (-16) aircraft to attack rails in Wonsan area (CU7020)..
Briefing 0900, Take off 0930. *William Flight: Wiziewski (136th),
Fausett, Taylor, C., Graham. XRay Flight:' Moore (136th), Higgins,

.Munn, Kedlin. Yoke Flight: Miller, (135th), Price, Taylor, J.,

Guffey, Zebra Fliht: Savage (136th), Nunnally, Sharp,. Tanner.
Flights attacked targets as briefed; Three rail-et-s c1imed.
WiUli 2 received minor flak damage in dive break area. Xray 4 and
'' Yoke 3 received minor damzage'from flying debris.

Mission 3652 .
... .el (12) aircraft caring 1 1i,.C' tombs fused .1 second

nose delay and fourteen (14) 50C0# GP tombs fused .1 second nose
delay. Briefing 1230, lake off 14.00. Target. sti- su 3651. Iray

Flight: Higgins, Howell, Le3uer, Whittaker,. Yoke 'Flight: Nunnally,
Ruder, Miller (136th), Duffey. Zebra Flight: Poutre, hoore (136th)

SMason, Kunn. Fliets attacked Targets as briefed. Two (2) rail cuts

claiaed. Light flak was encountered with no damage to aircraft
.. .. -./.,-:.-i ,.-..- ,.," .." .'-.. ..,, . '. : : .. -'. ._

.. r -

D ecember 1951

dissiori #3601 .
Twelve (12) aircraft of the 159th in conjunction with regular
136th mission;, carrying 24 500# GP bombs fused .I second nose delay.
'.:: .' : -
Pre-briefed to cut rails between ID 2484 and YD 2375. On completion
of bomb run, Able, weaker, and Charlie Flights (136th) wore to recce
SR .fovm Sinanju to Sinuiju. Dog, E-sy, and Fox Flights (l59th) were
to recce M3R from Sinanju to Pyonyang. George, How, ndi Item Flihts

:(136th) were to recce SRP. Crom Sinanju to Kuni-Ri. I'ission was flown

Sas briefed with Dog Flight claiming 2 rail cuts, Easy 2 rail cuts, and
'Fox Flight 4 rail cuts. -.Flak wasi heavy to moderate in target area but
S'no battle damage was reported. -Flight schedule was as follows:

Dog Flight: Savage (136th), Franklin,S3harp, Cobt. Easy Flight:
'Koore (136th), 'lhittaker, Taylor, C., Tanner. Fox Flight: Wixriiewski

(136th), iicker, iunnj Salberg.
S Mission #3602
: Twlve (12) aircraft .in conjunction with regular 136th mission,
carrying 2 1,C#f GP bombs and 12 500# GP bombs -fused .1 second nose

S.'delay. Brie ed to attacked aime target as mission #3601. No recca was
to be conducted. Target attacked with following results claimed:
Dog Flight 3 rail cuts, Easy Flight 2 rail cuts, and Fox Flight 4

rail cuts. Flak was observed to be heavy to moderate in Target area
with no battle duaege to aircraft. Flight schedule was as follows:

Dog Flight: Killerh (136th), Graham, Tz.ylor, J., Price. Easy Flight:
SAllen (136th), Poutre, Howell, Ruder. Fox Flight: ilsche (136th)
Kedlin, Kunally, Duffey '-: .. i
C'l^-l^vrs-^-;^ *' : -.-

SE RE 13.

SSame as 362. Briefing 1330, Take off' 1500. Flight claLias are
as follows: Dog Flight negative clai-ms results unotserv-d. Easy

*Flight 2 rail cuts, and Fox Flight' 1 rail cut. Poor visibility in
Target area made observations difficult. Dog 4 and Easy 2 abtrted
Before take off because 'aircraft had not been refused. ..Fox leader
aborted after take off with gear trouble. Flight schedule waz as
f ollowa: Dog Fligt, Sharp, Iiggins, Savage (136th), Ricker. uEsy
flight: Tiylor, C., Faunett,' oore (136th), iason, Fox Flight:
Murjn, LeSutz;, "Wizniwaki (136th), Guffey.

4 December 1951

isLsion #3601.
Twelve (12). aircraft of 159th in conjunction with regular 136th
: .ission. Squadron cfr,:.ed 7.1,OC# GP bowl's -and 10 50C0 GP bombs
.fused ,1 second nose dclay. Flights pre-bri fed to make rail cuts-
Letwetn YD 2484 r.d YD 2375. Flights reached target area and accom-
s:: hed attack on primary tar ett with so80 difficulty due to weather
conditions. On rebtur. froi. target. K-2 was elow mlinimu safe weather
Sc nditiona and al 159th aircraft landed -at- -9, while the 136th landed
'".=at .-13. Sevn of the 159th planes returnedeti':-2 ,that afternoon arnd

fci.r. the following morning. George. 4 aborted .mission prior to take off
,. with Lmaamen'. trouble. Claims were as follows: George Flight:. Sharp,
:"Guffey, 'hitta-ker, Fausett, 1 rail cut. How Flight: .Taylor, J., Cobb,
.Le3uer, 'edlin, negativee results. Item Fli~ hf- Howell, Price, Foutre,
.Skalberg,3 rail cuts. No battle damage to aircraft was reported,
A.- --"*^* *""M~-.bef~A/^ -^ LeA^l^.vc~ -*.*

5 December 1951

Session #3651'
Four aircraft, Langtree Iray, Armstrong (136th), Tanner-, Nunnally,

Duffey, Ships carried 3 ,1.0C0 G? and 2 500# GP bombs, 14 hVAR 5".
rockets, and .50 cal.. Flight was controlled by Palaino r mosquito and

attacked bunkers on hill at DT15441. Controller gave 50% coverage
"with bombs, rind 90% on strafing, but nc definite claims made by flight.

TIake off 0915, landed 1105.

4- mission #3652 :
i' Four aircraft, Lantree Yoke, Gi-h (136th), Ricler, Taylor, 0.,

iason. Ships carried 2 1,b00# GP, 4.5P00# GP, 16 5" hVAR rockets, and

.50 cal-. Flight ac-trolld byT'agic .osquito and attacked buakeers .
_and'dug-in troops at'CT2528. Mosquito gave 85% coverage on targets.
.-Take'off 0800, Liaded 0945.

%M Mission #3653
: Four aircraft, -Langtree Zebra, Markham (136th), Fausett, 1unn,

: Franklin, Ships carried 2-1,000#.GPs,. 4 500# 'P 16 5" lVAR rockets,
Sand .50 cal. lihlt .wa controlled by Kodak Iosquito and attacked

.bunkers. and troops dug-in on a hill at CT783549.. mosquitoo gave 75%
.:.coverage.-' Caliis wre 1 bunker destroyed, 2 bu nkers damaged, ard

'. estimated 20 eiemhy' trops led- Took off 0830, anded 1015-.

;' .. .--i ', .-- -*. -
Yl4sion -3654
Four aircraft, Lagtree Zebra, tonsarng (36th), Cobb, Taylor, J.,

Ruder, Ships carr ed 8 500j -Cs, 16 5' H'AH rockets, and .56 Cal.
: .' mosquito reported 30%.coverage of target and negative results were

-:^' ;.^ -------
. ,

-: SECRET :: 15.

claimedd. Flight yas attacking hill at YD 15.2 and were controlled by ;
Palamino Mosq'ito 1. ,. / ..
3655 .

Four aircri t, Langtrse, Yo eon (236th) edin Hir inG, Graham.
Ships carried 3 1,00C0# GPs 16 51 HWAR rockets, i d .50. Cali. Fli..ght
was controlled by Anaconda #4 mosquito and attacked a hill iwith bunkers
Sand troo m replacement at CT 691127. Co..tro:-ler.:gave 90 coverage. of
ta-rgt. 'Negative claiz-s .ere ,:ade. Take off 1230, iLanding : 1415.

Mission #3656
SFour aircraft, Langtrce Iray, Yark.am (136th), rHoell, Poutre',
Le3uer,_ .Shi:ps carried 3 1,00C0 GPs,.16 5" HVAR rockets, and .50 Cal.
-pFlight iwas controlled by Kodak Yobquito and ttakei- bunkers and
artillery pieces in house at CT 7E6576, damaging four houses._ Mos;uito
;.reported 5C- coverage. Take off 1310, Landing. 1503.

lssion #3657 ..
;::'::'. :Four air;rft':Langtree Zbra;,"~nter (336th), Skalberg, Whittaker
Guffey. Ships carried 2 1000C GPF,' 500#' Gs, 16 5" hAR rockets, and
.50 Cal. Flight was'controlled by Palamino Moesuito.5 ard attacked '
^;.-;--- '- ". . -. .- ,'. -- * ~ : ,,
r.kotar positions nd command posts at DT 150142 anrd =T :1604I.4.' Mosquito
'gave Flight' e5% coverage on rockote and bombing and 90C average.on ,
strafing. .Results unknown. .Take off 445, 3Landing 1625,

missionn #3656
:. ::.Four aircraft, Lantree Yoke, (Leader from 136th unknoa), Fausett,
.-Franklin, Ricker. -Ships carried 2 1,000j GPa, 4 00# Gre, 165l" HAR
^*"'* *Ju-'-f. '::-r,;~,,-I-~ ..-'.. ." -'*** -.- ,

rockets, and .50 Cal. Flight wa controlled by. Palamino -osquito 6 6

and attacked bunkers and trenches at DT 187443. Cont-rolled gave

.Flight 70.target coverage, with negative results observed. Take

off 1530, ianging 1715.

S 6 December 1951
Mission #365 :

Twelve aircraft and one spare of the 159th in conjunction with
regular 136th mission. Ships carried 32 500# GP bombs with .1 second

r.osea delay- Squadrons wdre briefed to cut; rails between.TD 2375 and

-D"24 9 -and to .recde 2CR: zrbom Sinanj south .to Pyongyag. Spare

(Cobb) .was briefed o fill in Fliht fL needed?. Was not rteeded so

-attacked rail line IC 5508, claiming one. cut. Mission-was flown as
scheduled.u Flak in target area was moderate to intense, one a/c of

:,-136th hit and lost to flak. No damage to 159th .a/c. ;Fight schedule

^was as.follows: o r e Flight: Minn, Skalberg, Mledlin, Tanner,

.Negative claima: ow Flight: Price, Duffey ,Franklin Ruder, results
munobserved.- Iteim. Flight: Mason, Fausett; Grahac., Ricker, 5 rail cuts

.clained. Take off ,0705, .Landing 0910.

Following is the tot I expendufes of ordinance for all missions:

,. ..Rockets 5n IAR .. 11

-- Bonls 1,00C# GP 50

i--'Eo1obs .500# P :- ..:-.;"161

,Amunition API-M .. '0-,115 rds.

---"- -...' -. .
M' '-

-.," ;. l'- / .
Return Tri
di ith mission #3601 6 December~1951 the combat program for the

159th Fighter BomLer Squadron was co-plet.~d. Plans had been made the
p. reirous day for the return trip to Misawa :with the aid of the 136th
':'and 49th Fighter Bomber.Wings. Repairs on the damage incurred by two
of. the Squadron aircraft, 481 and.602, were completed on the morning
S. of 6.December, .and when the mission returned that morning all sixteen
Aircraft were in commission. The pilots were briefed .by Colonel Sharp
.at1200 for the trip and at 1400 C and D Flights departed K-2, followed
Sten minutes later by A and n Flights. All Flights'landed at Misawa at

.S r .

The miasion of the 159th Fighter Bomber Squarcn. to Korea was felt
to be completely successful in every respect.: Due to the excellent
Support and cooperation given the 159th Squadron by all secticr.s and
:individuals of the 136th Fighter Bomber Wing, the entire program was
accomplished ,with a minimum of Wasted effort and with a degree of
af ficancycreditable to.all concerned. The followigg statistics

.: indicate some of the accomplishments of .the Sqpadron while operating '
from K-2:
1. Ninety-two (92) combat sorties were flow by the 159th Pilots
Each combat-ready pilot took part-in four combat missions.
2. Pilots of the 159th flew 181:50 combat hours.
Aircraft of the 159th Squadron flew 115 sorties.
i-..-..-.icraft of the 159th"S ruadrin flew 226 combat hours.
2. ,

':OEUl I" ""

5. Arznaent expended:. 111 5" hvt7. rockets, 50 1,0Co4.? tobsa,
S161 500X# bombs, 40,115 rounds of *.0 caliber ammunition.
Total Lbotb expenditure rton 65 1/8 tons.
Filoto of the 136th Group flew 23 sorties and 14:10 hours in
aircraft of the 159th Squadron .
S. Four aircraft received battle damage, none seriously enough to
prevent them f.-om being floun back to. isawa Air Ease at con-
clusion of combat operations.-




'--_ H: : ,.! : i

The first part of .theperiod 7-15 December was spent in c.-
.solidating, sorting,- nd reForting the activities of the squadron in
aKea. T'De t the heavy maintenance load, flying -as ket to a mini-
- m.;-n, the : nlyflights being te-n hops. Six new pilots were transferred
.into the -quadroi during the last part of November and the first p;_rt
Sof December, all of them recent flying- school graduates, and on 11
'Dec-ber,-' in addition to the acti-a alert, an extensive transition pro-

gramn as begun for thnm. -Two experienced pilots were taken off the
alert line-up ind placed in charge of th training program to expedite
.bring the newly assigned pilotsup to a combat readiness status as

soon as possible.. During this month the squadron logged 741:10 flying
S time, 115.:1 o'f this being instr-ents. There were 121 GCI sorties,

:23 Rocket Sorties, 6 Napalm sorties,"and 22 Dive Bombing Sorties.





During the three moath period covered hBre the squadron lost
two officers and twenty-nine. Airmen through transfers. KjMost of these
were transferred back to the -I for discharge. At the same time,
however; eight officers and :forty airmen ere transferred into the
squadron. Forty-six airmen.and two officers received promotions.

Operatinally, the squadron flewa total of .2,098 hours in the
three months. 48, 542 r.uans of.50 cal. 76 bobs, and 241 rockets
were expended in addition to the arament used. on combat missions' in
. .. ~ ~~~~~- .:(:,:-::: .,,- ...._


'116iT FnIGHE. G2-_BER -miG ..
APO 919
LETTER ORDER NO. 104-3 29 November 1951
SUBJECT: Tewporary Duty Travel Orders :
.TO: Individuals Concerned.

-1. Foi Offs & Amn 159th Ftr -Br Sq, 116th Ftr Ear Op, AFO 919 unless
otherwise indicated are placed: on: TuY for aprx five (5) days with 136th Ftr
2m Wg E-2 for the purposes of special mission. -PP o/a 3C Nov 51 by mil air
rail or'water. T-FAA TBGAA TCNT TL. NO PPE DIEY AUTH. pJn compl-of TDY
RLE2rs will rtn to proper orn and sta for dy. AUTH: FEAF 11-12 & 311th
eg 31-2. ....
2d Lt : obert-G. Cobb A01911970 g Joseph H Davis 24620827
1st Lt El2is tDavis'AO4I21 -- .- Set'Wil1ia Geer AF 57307133
-_.2d Lt WilliamiD;J f.fey. A0191979 :-:i Cpl .ilton.L. Griffis .7 19388256
S. 1st Lt Euge:e W'S.aietfA&0930515 ..-- 1 MrtiriL. Hudock AF13365623
t'- it u y B. Fra Aklin. A, 683y43 SSgt L.: ahey 0 18347206
*Capt Hemiarm.F Guffey7!4736A ::-.'.. gt George L. Lantz Jr AF24-521272
S..: Capt Jaaes R'. HigginsA 0706059 -.:-.'-.Cpl~Albert H. PCclain AF 123184466.
Capt Harry B. Howell Jr A0798302 c- James R.. <.Coy AF. 13364166
1st Lt Robert G. Mason'A0944194' Cpl Glenn T. Horton '?24735392
-Ist Lt Lewis C;- MedlinTA02094230 -Cpl William L. McRae AF19372606
Capt John W. M.unnA08302883 ,.-'. --,Cpl Albert D HMiller AF11216565
.st Lt Jackson L.J Nunnally'AO1903 71 St Donald Pritchett AF2a620770
Capt Lawreice.Poutre.AO 742891 -.- t Robert.j. Ransom Jr. AF24620$28
Capt Joseph L.Price-Jr A0715589 .,:--SSgt Ja1es H. Rogers III AF14145805
S..-3t Lt. :ertoir-:.t Ricker.A02077426 Se. t Cennett'-A. Smith AF18146378
2d Lt Eugene D. RudefrA02221749 :'-..- SSg David C.:Sh'.rp AF18239027
Lt Col Daniel F. Sharp- 8565A I gt Wlliam A. Stokes A 14081841
2d Lt Ronal3 K. Skalberg A01912018 -:,Sgt CarlF.ITaylor AF.24j629658.
1st Lt Roscoe B;'-Tanner :-.- '.S--: St Joel'S..Williams AF32660980
Capt Clyde- Taylor'.-A80184r57 .- -SSgt John H. Wright Jr AF342A4621
Capt John h. Taylor A073657 Sgt Paul P A Yuranko AF35045394
1st it "illia H Wdhittaker, A07797C4 .-.Sgt Robert T. Thayer AF 19344746
: .-: .: -::.- -. ::.
SCpl Edwin 0. Eass -AF.1419876S -8 .
SSgt Victor H. Campbell AF. 16012566 ..: --
Sgt Ernest E. Clance Jr AF246209683
SSgt Ellis Cox Jr AF 24627845 :. /--:- ..:. .
*1 HQ 16th. Ftr r Wg APO 919 :

ORE O CO'.. 'STA'L I -

T RotamE^T B." M A' <^: r*.. '"'
^1;1 ^ ^^^ ^^^^ --. --''

*Adjuta. ,
-. 2' ,: ':~r -.*' :..ct..' .: _.".':. :~ l:i. , ..; . ;'- ,''. : . .

*. .

I... ', : "
50 ( :-A,' I C- U
S* .... .. ,,;, FTR ,W ,


e o / 11Tca O

( T a c t i c A.4 ce
w" \.- -" *

: 1 JUARY 1952 TO 31 FARCH.1952

Preparedfor the Historical Office
.116th, Ftr" tr Wingbyl 1st Lt, Jeremiah Burns
: (Historical Officer) A/2C Paui. J. y~eh..io

9, ri 1952

- -.. .. "." o .A- ,-- ,
* Tatica Air, Ci and -Lie AFB V a)
13 1{ 952

;' Captain, LSA TTP.' EuR<'S
Cena-i .g ".1st Lt, 3S AF \
-'. .. -. : ,. Historical Officer :

ECIUi;I, IN *: '-c- '- ,
:'-" ? .:-.:k,..:. X :,"l':::;::-~ : -


1 JANUARY 1952 TO 31IARMCH 1952

Prepared for the 'Historical Office
116th Ftr Bar Wing byr 1st Lt "eremiah Burns
(Historical Officer) A/2C Paul J. Mehalko

-9 April 1952

(Tactical Air Coma nd, Langly' AFB. Va)

S.' ** **...................... ..........
'.. .. .. ........... .................... .

C r .r ~ J ...... ...... ... .. ........... ......

S SThr'IrTI S....................... ............ .

'. i .. ... ... .......... ................. ..



S, .. S" -n
***-;C. .HAF Im-..
.......--.. ...

During the period from I Jar-uary mutil 31 March 1952, the 159th

Fighter-Bomber Squadron was concerned primarily iwith two missions,

-airc'efe.ese of Japrin and continuance of training. The air defense

minsion required that the su.adrdn stand, active alert and then In-

active alert on 'alternate weeks, .Thn training program consisted

of air-to-air refueling (probe) missions air-to-air gunnery moi.-

siorns, and the checking out of new'pilots in the F-Sh8E.

Besides the two primary missions the monotony '.!as relieved at

intervals by. special missions. such as the Korean "Skat" programa,

air, defense exercises, and .a refueling test at Johnson Air Base.
-cln .eurc L.~ h rdrn tn.atv ',r rdte n

VAFr.- 11

S-.: Operatiors .
: :..; '; :.. .- .. -
During -moct of January the :squadron stood active and-inp.ctive

Salerts, the inactive alort. for the 'ost jart with the aircraft
hung with rocket for prot ecton of shipping in the waters of the

:.northern defence area. 'When not on alert, instrument tral':.r

probe idssions, and some-serial gunnery was accomplished.

On 16 January, 18 air.yanes-from the 159th joined with air-

craft fro the 158th and 196thmade a fligh+. to Johnson Air Base

+ for a special ground refueling test." The places landed at Johnson

at intervals of approximately 15 seconds, were refueled by the new

hydrant. syotesa and were airborne again approximately 15. t nutnes

after -landing. -.

On the morning of 23 January the squadron was alerted for in-

mediate r.ovement of 18 aircraft and necessary crews to Korea.

This operation was later dresigrated "Operation Skat" and came as a

Complete' surprise. The operations is covered in detail under the

. heading of "Combat Operations".- On'..e 24th, 16 aircraft returned

to Misawa, Lt.-edlinr's air-raft having had electrical failure

forcing Loth he and Lt Miaion .to land at Miho on the return trip.

Lt D.r H. Payre had a complete compressor failure in ?71-600

on January 29th. He made a routine bailout if ir.y bailout can tb

called routine: and was .not injured. n'e wvs f rced to Spend t.e

nightt in a J..anese village and reported fine southern 'csi.tality.

On 31 January, Lt Col.Sharp left the squadron to assume com-

f.nr.d of the 116th Fiehfer Eo.bor Group. Captain Lawrence Poutre.
.,. ,,- ,+ +- .<. ,

- ..:-r T .: .' -., -

..took over the reins of the 159th.

.. ': urging February, active and inativ.e alnrts and aerial guar-ery

Were continaod. '.The aerial gunnery scores were quite low, consid.-ring

xthe eperience level of the pilots, and on the.20th, gunnery wris

-called off pending investigation of the sight line level indicator

; used.for bor-sightine. On the 25th through le'28th, the squadron took

part in an'air def-nee drill. The first t' da a3 we acted as the
intruders si~ lasting attacks on the Toyko area. '.-The la.t two days

we were the deftaders of Nisawa.., "

.- 9.Y.arch saw four mre weekasof alternating' active and backup

(inactive) alerts. Aerial gunnery was resumed.

:E* ht new pilots were acquired ty the squadron during arch,

giving the squadron a total of 28 pilots. .


Combat Operations

.' -c J'.' : : .C F ". I

Combat Opereatons

The 159th' Fighter Bomber Squadron received orders to move Jnto

the Korean.Theater at 0845 '.3 Jan~ary 1952 under the sam.e conditions

; as our previous mission. These orders were.received while this

organization was pulling the Active lADA Alert.
A" this time the status of the organization wasas follows:

19 Aircraft in comiission-- .

S18 Aircraft combat ready -

Cf the eighteen (18) aircraft co tat ready eight 'were oh the

Alert Line. Four of these eight were airborne at that time.

Two aircraft uere. weathered in at 'aterushi.Pna frcm.missicns of

the previous days operations.. At 0930 the Squadron-C.O. was in the

process of latest flight when weather lowered due to snow storm over

the field. Returning from aircraft to Squadron Operations he re-

Sceived orders from Wing Operations that this l ove was to Legin .-imed-.

; lately and not as our previous Miasion.' The 158th Fighter Eomber

SSquadron was in position to receive thi org.ri action of alert re-

--ortitilities at this tire. Upor receipt of the ori{1inil orders

the tentative :.lan was. to' takeoff the fol iing r.,rning at C6XC hourx..

All pilots were released frcm operations to assist in rhe prepr-

ation fjr departure of the ground crew3 and e u i-l.e.t by air lift

which w.., -c' :duled to -depart at 130C hours.

i, '-.:. :. The change of ordLrs to an immediate take off necessitat.d

notifing all pilots to repo"t te Squadron Operatj r.o iiediately.
E ? ... -..-- .- -.... ... ,_ ..ij ~ . ..


.aps were dra-w up for the move to Y-2 by Squadron Operations and was

expidiated by the pessessi:r. of master navigatio-al charts possessed

from our last mission to Xcroa.
Not knowing that the intended plar.3 for or organization upon

arrival at.K--2 was to arm and tike off on a comtrt issi-r: :r.ediate-

ly, the move included thos- pilots of the lowest experience level of

the sa'uadron, and possessing no previous cofat experience. This

situation would necessitate a more thorough briefing.

; The squadron was divided into three sections which would take

off at thirty (30) Binute intervals due to IFi Clearances. The first

-tws sections would consist of eight (6) aircraft ea-h and the third

section.of tw (2) aircraft plus any aborta'from f-.h first two sections.
The first section of eight aircraft started engines at 1130 ?nd

were airborne at 145. Th"e second section:tookoff at 1230 followed

by the third at 1245.
In route winds were encountered- that'-were in excess of 10'? 0F-,

due to this condition four (4) aircraft were forced to :land at Fliho

Air ase with insufficient fuel to complete mission as briefed.

Those aircraft were refueled at this station vdth some difficulty

due to the limited. facilities available for servicing jet aircraft.

These aircraft'tookoff and procededd on course as soon as refueling

:.was completed. .'.
Upon the arrival. of the first sctiun of "ix aircraft at 1415

ours at K-2, thie3 aircraft were met by the assistant Group Opsrations

SOfficer.:and to Engiineering Of ficers with sufficient personnel of the

49th-Fighter Bomber 'roup to arm and refuel our aircraft in a. cinum

length of time.

At this-time it wats brought to our attention that the 49th did

not have sufficient crystals to crystalize our aircraft to their Grolp


This condition would necessitate flying the mission on a common

"C" channel with the h9th Fighter Eomber Group having two aircraft

monitor this channel." -

Col Sharp' andap-Poutre reported to 49th Fighter Bomber Group

'Operations immediately for briefing on proposed mission which was

scheduled for takeoff at 1500 hours.

because of the insufficient number of aircraft to perform mission,

.the mission as- postponed by J.0.C.. and scheduled for takeoff the follow-

ing morning at 0720, 24 January 1952. -

At thistime we were notified that this missionh~as a combat read-

iness test and that we would fly only one combat mission and return to

our home station. -

Upon the receipt of this information the 116th Fihter Bomber Wing

-:deleted the remaining eight pilots from the manafest of the.C-54.

'- Pilots at K-2 werereleased until 1845 to remove personal gear from

Aircraft to Iquarters arranged for by the L9th Group Operations at 1845

.-and were briefed by'Col Mitchell and his staff on all phases of a combat

mission. -- i -

'-.'Afterth thi bief the pilots return tohe quarters for add-

N :l_ r. b..e....f ,
A 7

UJLl/ Li I ;

The quarters arranged for'by the 49th for our organization was a

converted classroom and under normal condition would be adequate however,
due to the extreme cold and the failure of the oil stoves to operate, the

two blankets and the insert of a.sleeping bag proved to be insufficient

to mattain warnth and get the rest needed to efficiently participate in

combat operations.

SDue to this extreme cola four pilots were forced to sleep in the Mess

::Hall and officers billiting .supply on benches and chairs. The. remainder

-'; received little or no rest at all under these conditions.' -
S The ground 9rews aboard .the C-54 departed Misawa at 1440 hours,

arrived at K-2 at- 20256 hours with 33 air- eand i.Engineering Officer

and one zArament Officer.- -

."":' The fcllowing Eorning the pilots assembled at.49th Group Oper-

-: nations for briefing at 0530. .At this time the ground personnel pre-

-." flighted the aircraft for a 0720 takeoff.
The mission was plann-d for two sections of 16 aircraft -ach plus

two spares to' cut rail lines running west out of Chunju. The 49th

-Fighter Bo bar Group furnished the first section of 16 aircraft and the

.-' 159th Fighter Eoaber Squadron furnished the second section of 16 aircraft.
Ths 159th furnished only one spare due to the medical grounding of Lt.

Origer due to a bad head cold .-.

T.": e squadron took off as briefed at 0720 hours. with the visibility

of mile due to smoke and haze. The squadron was formed c-i course and

.,then penterated the over cast. .The mission was .briefed tofly at 25,000

t.lfeet but due to the overcast extending to 28,000 we were forced to fly
p.. ......
oEbn top" to keep th. .squadron together ..' -.,-- ... -
'",. .

Approximately ten minutes after crossing the Bomb Line ana fifteen

minutes from target we received notification frcm the 49th Fighter
Bomber Group leader that the primary target area was closed due to

weather and that we hit secondary target. Upon the-receipt of this

word we started an instrument let down from 28,000 feet breaking cut

at 8500 feet east of Pyongang.
A.section of rail just north of.Pyongang being our secondary

-i:target, the squadron. was prepared for their bomb run. The visibility
in this area was approximately 5 miles.''': -"

Aircraft-dropped two 500# G. P. Pombs froi a dive bombing pass

-'with very ood results. -Moderate to intense anti aircraft fire was
e'ncountered.- The visibility necessitated reforming into flights and

proceeding on course to '-2. we climbed fro an altitude of 8500 feet

S.to 35;Oc0 feet to conserve fuel ard to be on top of'the existing
S: .eather. .. .

-.:-:.Upon arrival over K-2homer each flight made standard jet let-
-'down from 32,000 breaking out at 8,500 over th- base with visibility

of one mile The squadron landed at K-2 at 0930 with no difficulties

encountered on the mission other than one aircraft landing with a flat


: ."-,:. Upon reaching our hard stands ourground personnel began preparing
.the aircraft for the return flight to Misawa.
During this time the pilots were debriefed and briefed on the

..-return flight to Kisawa.:. The proposed take off time was set for 1300


,";'. ","-
i ou s. -,. -,'...7":, _-4: -t ::;E.-=,:':2 '- -" .;-".-.:Z;"<.;.."",:.:-- --"
;' ". .:.'. ..: ;f: _ .-: -- .: . ... '. - ... '.. _.- ; .: --. .-.. .. .

Due to difficulties encountered iii securing clearance for the

S. return flight the take off was delayed until 1330, at this time the

clearance was finally accepted by a Captain Onyel, GCI S-3 Doodlebug

control, and only after it was explained to him by the squadron leader.

Ease operations could not accept the forms 175 which were made out.

The return flight was divided into two sections of eight and ten

-aircraft.. The weather was definitely not as briefed and the sections

i. hd to climb from 8,000 to 35,000'to get on top in the clear. This

'.weather remained the same over the .entire route. ++-:

Flfty miles west of: Miho It Medlin, the #3 ran in the first flight
... .............
+of the second section had complete electrical failure and was forced to

'-land at Miho., Hw was escorted in by Lt Mason his wig man'who led him

-'--down through the overcast from 35,000 breaking out over Miho at 11,C{

f)eet.'. Theb landing iat iho was completed with no difficulty,

SThe remaining aircraft of the squadron returned to Misawa and

.requested instrument approach and let down instructions frcm GCI.

:.. The first sectionn was instructed to let down from 32,000 on a

Heading of 1000 at 15,000 feet. The fir3t section requested perds sion

.:to' ak.e left turn of 180 .for firal approach to the field. ,GCI instructed

ir'the section to turn right 180a .and ti ey would vector us into the field.

7 At thwis tinme they gave the second section instructions to make standard

.. et letdown on the station. -

Th+a. e first.section broke out at a: point. on the east coast Approx-

imately'+2 miles south 'ast of the base at an altitude of 1500 feet.
T e" r-s.- .'. c .i o- s- .,- .c e m o ..- s e"a.
jThe first section leader instructed his wing man to get a star from

..eMTy^^x^.^^-SR .' ^ .^^ .. .
~ a;~l~rr lI~ Irrr~r~ l~ ~ LI~E~~~~? _~,C.I~-,~4.1.


the Hisawa tower. The heading received frca the tover was 310 to the
field. We continued this heading unt.l a wing tip null was observed
on the radio compass and at this time a tirn was made to bring the
Section down the runway. The visibility was approximately 1j miles
with s s~nc' showers .
- ._The first.section of eight aircraft were landed at 1535.
-The secondd section broke out 10-miles east of t he runway at

approximately-1000 feet and continued to the field and made 3iw
visibility landing at 15 0. :. .
.- After the departure.of our aircraft the ground personnel returned
.all. Uquipient borrowed from the 49th Fighter Eomber Group and remained
S-t -that station overnight. They departed .-2, 25 January 1952 and
arrived at Mia a'at approximately 1900 hours the same day.
.The mission was performed by the following lineup of pilots and
aircraft.: .- -,... .-

.. .. KER. .
2 PAMN 516 CO02B 483
3 POUTRE 539 TANNR -548
4. DUF' 495 -AL 14. _''.HOiTS- 199..


.-. .:. DOG

1. .TAji"il 602." WHITAXKEC 523
2. GRAHAILM 218 -POHLI*. -: 508

5. ASOo ..;-BAMEIG* .. 121 -
3 .- -S 2 1 1 *. 5. 9 7

S1 NAIY 122

2 ORIGER 619

:. Iewily assiged pilots taMneg ?rt in their first combat mission





Total flying-time 2346 : CO Hours
:i Individual probes --327
Ground Controlled Approaches. including practice) 41
-'Instriument Tine: Actual 200:05 hours
Hooded 187:00 hours

Rounds of .50 cal. a=unition expended 41,526
- Fuel. consumed Approximately 794,000 gal.


ISS-S -9 .


1166TH FIGC HT E ..ING ..
APG 919 :..
LT."TER C.D-E. NO 23-2 23 Januar: :952
3'JUMECT: Temporary Duty Travel Orders
TO: .Individuals Concerned

1., Fol nared Offs & amn, 159th Ftr Bmr Sq, 6th Ftr BD Cp, APO
S919 are atchd to 13.6th Ftr Bmr Wg, APO 970 for an indef period for the
purpose df .specail mission. WP o/a 23 Jan 52 1;y iil air rail or water.
TAA TGAA T CBGA TDG1' NO pa DIEM AJTH.' Upor. compl of atch pers uili
rtm to :proper-. orgn & sta for dj. AUTH. 314t' h ADiv .i (Clas) OFT.-C-
.'67 dtd. 23 Jani52.- ; ..
I:," COL wILIAV .. -'140.61-84-
-,.LT COL DATiL'F;l.SHARP 8565A M" :- SGT WILLIAYA..A STOES- .F3J.G16418 .
-CAP..ELLIAS I AVIS AO 1.8821.. 7 SGT I VIN J. i SIoHELTOI AF37161909'
CAPTIJR7CE' POUTRE- O 7142891 S SGT-iT.7IS -01 JR. AF246278345
iZCAPiD.' N.-kL TAlT7 R A '.736578.; s-l.- -.s SG *WII A, PI;GER:;F573C7133
S iE AD.,AL,3HGU3E 19712A :3 S-- GT *0j- AI-TA.' PRITCHIErT AF2A62077C
SlsTATI, i0J^ hrICK* JR 'AO. 13L2035 S SGT ROEET G. RAiSON i -R.; F21.ZC62
JST2 T EeORI(- A S; AO:832811 ... S SSGT DAVI C.' SHFARAF 128 027
1.AST-'T RokEE716KAs 94O4A194. 3 .S-T- GE.?SGE L. SESPPAri D AFLA172692
If3LT I C'I_.E3L?~I;AO '2094230 S ST JOEL S; WIL.LIAPiS AF3266C980
..1S5T I ;s JACKSON L-.;- I INALLr O 1903371 SGT ROET- ET. AH 542g571
2:- T 13 -T:RSCOE :3,TAINE- AO 947727: SGT JAIES A. COBE AF1~320541
,.-...2D LTINOL~ A. ALID'OD AO 1907442 T;::::SGT GLa T. I:CRIO! AF2735392
S 2D L RT .OFET;G.. CG-EAO 1911970" -- SGT .DWAtD F. MILLER AF2L629672
2D -LT WILIAS-M.:: JDUFFFj. :A.1911979 .SGT. S EUERT T. NORTCN AyF2A426811
-;'2D L LT LE J. (RICGE AO 22222079 -- .WILLIAM C. OLSES AF24271221'
rZD'LT 0D0iH.:: FAE 2C312A.::: : : ST IROY SHARP! AF24628421
: 2D .LT,..-LA.-POHHIZ--JR:20315A I-;..: I..- SGT CEETT A. SITH AF18146378
s:c' G .DONAID:STA' R AF3.93;.567 5 : CPL WALTEZ L:. HI C' T AF18375792
SGT CARI LF..: TAYLOR "AF.224629658. i:' :: I CTL MILTON L. GRIFFIS..AF 19388256
SGT EOEERT E.'-.TiiAYrR AF.. 1934476 ::-: CPL KATIN L.'- HUDOCK AF 13365623
SGT LAMES ':'-A7 L 'A I12325604: ALET D.1'ILLER -AF11216565
SGT E.RL G.-WIJ:LLS :AF28202721 CPL C0Z C. iORE AF 15437106-
CLJAcnt JES H.SAVAGE Ai.24629164 --::: ;: i
-Y : dF 0? ..ONL TA EY: : ;
t -.'- -.. '??... ,, i .. , r ,.. .. ..-:." ". .-' .. ~ i '" .-" *' .

'ni -k.C mI ED E TrUpE COPY ls t Lt; US.UP -;:-
-"j. ..utant .
.-.- ll" ..' : ;:.
.,,, :,_ ',;- .---.- .'. "; ;. > " '" f : '. -''-- -
.'', 7,= '- ,":;.." . --- ', rar'L @ --l. _ __ . .

April M., June 1952

,: ; '-t T : / '.f- IC,

-. --..

... ,


I General .
SOperatioas .--
I Higfh Tide .
IV. Personnel and Adainiatration
V- Supply ...
-VI Statistic- -
^= _F :

I 2,

D.rin"gthe nw hthi'f jiL, a.and Juner the 159th was primarily

c.. onoorned th the air defene'c :NoHrthern Japan and operation 'i,-Tide.
S Fo its role in the defense or Japn, the 159th stood Ualt',", active

-and backup. The .active alert iired the squadron 'to hav a potential of

ei it aircraft in the air ay time ,that they were called for by the Air
De,: fense Comaander, beaveen the hours of sunr isend swunist, Thits active

alert was sto'd on the alternate weeks and just consistd -of an oqvrlap

:i.n available aircraft during the hours of da"u and dusk iaile the other

qoaadron stood "actie -It was during the weeks of backup alert that

the squadron got in most ofa it fi ing training,. uc as ginery,
transition flying, and instrument flying .
I Operation Hi-Tide was the operational test of a probe and .droge

method of refueling jets froa B-29 type tankers in the air. The 159th's

: part in the:operation conaistedl of frg a naber of aid-air refueling

missions around Japan- wdth varying inabrsof. aircraft, and f our combat

S aisionsaiito North orea, ..

The little tie 'that :was1.eft, after the tvo primary proeocup'tions

were taken care of van spent 1in training mostly transition for new.

pilot. ..

"- ,-'
S. -3*.


Kcept for operation OHiLTide flying operations were af a routine
";* '**"A'r^ .^ ..'. .


nature during April, May and une. Active,alert was scheduled fro the

lst of April to the 6th, and on alternat, weeks thereafter, ."Active Alert"
required that eight aircraft be in uih a state of readiness.that they

could b. airborne, with fie inte af ter being scrambledd". Personnel

stood the active alert in two shifts, onp from a half hour before dawn

.'until noon, and the other shift took from noon until a half hour -after
s nset. The pilots got flying tiae ihile standing the alert by meansof
"practice scrablea" to intercept perhaps a Northwest Airliner or a flock
of geese over Amori.

During the other weeks backup alert and training niasione yeOr

.scheduled. The "backup alert "consisted in having eiit planes and

persormel standing ly for an hour and a half at dawn and dusk. During
these weeks transition training in the 84 was conducted for the new

pilots we Vre receiving, il e thae ore proficient aviators flew gunnery

m missionss. '
'I ing this period the gunnery showed a marked improvement while the

cynic might argue that the scores had to improve, sero hits being the

lowest that a target-could show, it was gratifying to note that 30 percent

"hits" on the aerial target no longer was cause for jubilant celebration.

Most of the credit for .this amst be given to the armaamnt and sitit

sections for accurate boresighting and correct maintenance of the sits.
r7- "-

*:, J+l :'*:-^^^^^ (%.;"-*';K 'll't~'.J^
During this period we lost t aircraft, 50-1214 and 51-548.

The first of these aircraft was lout about 2am on the morning
;of he 9th of Apiil.: AM/i Pre itt con ed th he
vas a pilot, convinced the night gtard (Japinese) that he was a
tnechanic-pilot", climbed aboard the aircraft (214) and fired her up.
According to witnesses in the control tower Prewitt rolled the
locomotive to the end of the runway, gave it full power, anl too;: off.
The flight -was terminated destrnctively approximately five adiles off

the end at the r'usay, three ailes at sea. teh motive for this unauthorized,
Suicidal flight was. known, '. '

he. other accident occurred on the 29th of June. Just after take-off,

SCoionel Galbrath, flying 514, had engine failure and crashed while
attempting to make it back to the field. He was killed and the aircraft
was a total loss.

:the Up ta ;.. of ;. :AMi, t ro.. o.
: Opera8tion EL-Tide L ttas of a air-to-air t
;refueling system in ijiicahbtree took part. Theee 5ao
*:;. .'-. ':: " "" .... .. ...
..':ys-:. "..":te .v." ., .,"pr.obe a.d -r ". operation "th.pr'bes .

Sthe tip ta,- s '-of .- t. .:a'.,o 'droge 'ina ..l.a fuel hose Jrci the
.rar of a B-29 typ* tanker. Contact' between the two war made by the

-jet flying behind the tanker, laing down to the taniceis speed, and

then sticking the probe in the droge (funnel.) At. this tiio the valves

Swre opened and the tip tank was refueled, Te same proc~as was repeated

for the tip tank on the other wing. The average time ar a complete
.refueling o the two tip tanks ias;bourt' inatef or inexperienced
/ ^ p r o .. ..t. -n k .w a .o .t.. "- .. o

The 159tMh's part in the operation consisted in t firt checking the

pilots out in the method. his was started in the latter part of January
and continued through the middle o April. ,Prac the middle o April

until the last of Hay the second phase cf the operation took place.

his c tdf flying i aed iions around Japan. ormay

.the 159th put up 12 aircraft on these missioos;. They were to sani ate a

..,.':'.ferrying situatuins a maaria endurance flight,'a mariarm range fligit,

a flidgt in rich a low altitude wCP vas'maintained, and simulated combat

with armament load, These special missions were flown on the

-1fth,'22nd, 23rd, 26th aiv 27th of April, amd the 5th, 6th and 9th day

.--;--.,The, last part, the c.mbat.phase, of Hi-Tide st.art..d
-.,ay,.Although all three squadrona the Gr t n this pha ,
V sa oie' 1e t thaJ: DATEe ei itc
shal .confine' myelaf_ t the 9th the flt"Eal l

m.ision vas sta of ita, Base on ,29.a. gai the town of

Sariwon in North Koreia 1.2 a'r .t okprt operating in three flights

of 4 aircraft, each aircraft crrynt' (2) .500 lb babs. The first -

"flight carried .T. fused bamb' and hit flak positions. The second and

third flights hit a factory and other nondscriP building, Th.

-..:refueling a ue conducted outbonnd from the target area, over L-2 (Taegu.)
.- Three aircraft landed at L-2, two because they did not utve enough fuel

for refueling, .and another because the tanker hose broke.
N ine aircraft lcontinaed on,one going all the way to Misaua, the

remaining eig6 t landing at Juohson Air .Base,

On June 7th the second combat mission asn fon ,again out of Itaspke
with 12 aircraft, each loaded with tiw' (2) 1000 lb boabs .'he target was

an airfield east of Barivo Th target could not belocated so a bombing

run was made on a sall Village. -Results were unobserved.

Refueling was accomplished inbound to the target over Tsushima without
incident. -All aircraft landed back at Itasuke.'

.The 3rd mission we again staged ouat CItamauke with 100 lb bombs,
refueling ovwr Tsushima, but on the return trip landed at 1-2. The target

-as a rAlroad ten miles orth- t Haeju.' :- ..

:, The fourth adisiri on the 4th :ot/JlCj was flown against a railroad
yard south of Pyongyang. Only eight aircraft took,-part in this raid.

Befueling was done both inbound and outbound over iho. This mission was

staged out of Komake Air Base, outaide of Nagoya. The mission was held

a .. .. .. .. a .
61 T das ly. .-: .fact .-.+-. Ii. ._ TED_-
a"- ""'In all the, refueling missions; weather .sa h.g.., <. I rt

-' Thb\ -

.Personnel and A i tic o o re d n al.during April,
May, and June. Pakperwok ontim.n ed.toLeOnv at a risk pace and lway .

.suspense dates reared up: before u a'a reainder that hiiger headquarters
,i "v Z *.'. -'A Z j"'' *.*'_ --' I
wa looking forward to'sme ,particular report of reports. We did our best
... ..- --i ', -. ....
not to disappoint them. .- ../ -
An almost complete personal change over in the orderly room ca
during this period. The Ffirt -Sgnt, -/Sgt Q.ilders, -tarted the
processio to the Zone of Interior .viLreturn f or release fro active
.. -.- -- .-.. 1. .. ';", ,'* .--'i.'; : *. -.:-' --.- ,. ."' .~. -. .:.. *' --'. .'
A- .
duty. )/Sgt Jesse'G. D'ye took overthe reinsa tokic
.. : .-.. ... .-.... ....:. + .. -+-;. *
Next to go were T/Sgt Kinsey Brinson, Chief Clark, andT/Sgt Kenneth
: raddock. Personnel Specialist- ortl after S/Sgt ~Sead i 3/Sgt Bowve
*.. *4 if*.1;-v*^-.1^ *.*;?* I
left for the return trip tthe states, oLth their return went the last
.. ..- .. ."- '\-"^ :...... .........r... ... ... .,^.. . +-.
-of .the Air Hational Guiardmen from Florida recalled to'active duty.

Nov came the big job of *breaking in their replacements. 'A/iC obert
D. als, berger took ver as i af Clerkf A3 Robert P. Lewis became our
Morning Repa' and Finance Clerk '/2C Wallace .' Campbell had the Job of

keeping 66 a and F orm 20' 'p to date and accurd'A/20 Pt l J. Mehaiko

A..- .*and 2nd Lt Roy elon as Adj t.-. ,.. ...
e-- agerly dug into Dile. of co rrespo.d nc- and publication a -nd A/2G B-rt Ho.
'-^' Roaar bCeame er all around itiitj'x&mn, pitchng in wherever -needed when

*:. not aortinz or banding out the -ail;:

Offi '-^;gliicer personnel remaained the same for the period with Major Lawrence
;Poutre.as Commanving'Off icar, 4q-tainin ll
*.and 2nd Lt Rqy_ L' Nelson u idjui.aYt,^S^- <:..'
^^*-A:.;~~~~~~ t** __ ta..- *^^e ^^ i^ ,.,{^-K.Ti^ -

Pilots gained during April, May ard Junx. i

:-:.--Captain- W-arren E. Bennett;:'--
lst Lt :1llia2 F = Deffedack
lst Lt Vila Le

1st Lt -tellid C. Woodansee
2nd Lt .Loll X. asley .
:. 2 t Donald O'Conmell -
Pilots retained to Zone at Interior

Captain John M. Tay1lor.
i st it illiam Craddock:

..g I h, -S- 9. .

oo. ._ ,her e i re 'diff iclties Field equi.e .nt -a.

at 0, pereu f -anthoried amount t ith the sae story

6 S. .....-
for,:elisted mens'scarbines. 'At o'etime in Aprvl,;iit!' 45 pilots assigned
or attached too the sqaadron, the personal equipment situation became a

S little tilit. A far as aircraft parts andl other supplies are concerned,

*. *' .. .:.. ..:.. -A.;. -.--. :'::.
the amount on ba as aw .a ys- deq.ae f-or nor. a' operations, and or

the extra operations such as zi-Tide. -


-------- -------

"-A- r'..- 'iit.: ."' .. I .- .- : 1
Tot,-l Flying TiLae- 1042:45 j -1111o05 656:Z) hours

Nigt Time .- 21:45 70:05 .

^Instr.ti:i* 151:40 15310 139:35 hours
-. ; .y_ .. .>. 1.: .:. .. .,1 ,

Aaorpended 34,582

S Bo': mbe Dropped -I-- 28 20 -

:.RoFcketv Fired 56 14 .. 234.
Sused 3J7,11 336,302. 351.603,on0

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