Digitized with the permission of the
FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AFFAIRS
FLORIDA NATIONAL GUARD
SOURCE DOCUMENT ADVISORY
Digital images were created from printed source
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Where possible images have been manipulated to
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such manipulation was not possible. Where
available, the originals photocopied for publication
have been digitized and have been added,
separately, to this collection.
Searchable text generated from the digital images,
subsequently, is also poor. The researcher is
advised not to rely solely upon text-search in this
RIGHTS & RESTRICTIONS
Items collected here were originally published by the
Florida National Guard, many as part of its SPECIAL
ARCHIVES PUBLICATION series. Contact the Florida
National Guard for additional information.
The Florida National Guard reserves all rights to
content originating with the Guard.
Titles from the SPECIAL ARCHIVES PUBLICATION series
were digitized by the University of Florida in
recognition of those serving in Florida's National
Guard, many of whom have given their lives in
defense of the State and the Nation.
CAMP BLENDING MUSEUM PROJECT
STATE OF FLORIDA
DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AFFAIRS
OFFICE OF THE ADJUTANT GENERAL
POST OFFICE BOX 1008
STATE ARSENAL. ST. AUGUSTINE
The special Archives Publication Series of the Historical
Services Division are produced as a service to Florida
communities, historians, and to any other individuals, historical
or geneological societies, and national or regional governmental
agencies which find the information contained herein of use or
At present, only a very limited number of copies of these
publications are produced and are provided to certain state and
national historical record repositories at no charge. Any
remaining copies are provided to interested parties on a first
come, first served basis. It is hoped these publications will
soon be reproduced and made available to a wider public through
the efforts of the Florida National Guard Historical Foundation
Information about the series is available from the Historical
Services Division, Department of Military Affairs, State Arsenal,
St. Augustine, Florida.
FLORIDA STATE DEPOSITORIES
State documents are distributed to the following depository libraries and are available
to Florida citizens for use either in the libraries or on interlibrary loan, subject to
each library's regulations. An asterisk (*) indicates libraries that are obligated to
give interlibrary loan service. Requests should be directed to the nearest 'epository.
Bay County Public Library (1968) *State Library of Florida (1968)
25 West Government Street Documents Section
Panama City, Florida 32402 R. A. Gray Building
Tallahassee, Florida 323 9-0250
Bay Vista Campus Library (1982)
Documents Department Stetson University (1968)
Florida International University Dupont-Ball Library
North Miami, Florida 33181 Deland, Florida 32720-3769
Broward County Division of Libraries (1968) Jacksonville University (1968)
100 South Andrews Avenue Carl S. Swisher Library
Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33301 University Blvd., North
Jacksonville, Florida 32211
Cocoa Public Library (1968)
430 Delannoy Avenue *Tampa-Hillsborough County Public (1968)
Cocoa, Florida 32922 Library System
900 North Ashley Street
*Florida Atlantic University (1968) Tampa, Florida 33602
P. O. Box 3092 *University of Central Florida (1968)
Boca Raton, Florida 33431 Library
S._, Post Office Box 25000
*Florida International University (1971) Orlando, Florida 32816-0666
Tamiami Campus Library Tamiami Trail *University of Florida Library (1968)
Miami, Florida 33199 Documents Department
Gainesville, Florida 32611
*Florida State University Library (1968)
Documents Maps Division *University of Miami Library (1968)
Tallahassee, Florida 32306 Gov't Publications
P. 0. Box 248214
*Jacksonville Public Library (1968) Coral Gables, Florida 33124
122 North Ocean Street
Jacksonville, Florida 32202 *University of North Florida Library
*Miami-Dade Public Library (1968) Post Office Box 17605
101 West Flagler Street Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Miami, Florida 33130-1504
*University of South Florida (1968)
*Ocala Public Library (1972) Library Special Collections
15 Southeast Osceola Avenue 4204 Fowler Avenue
Ocala, Florida 32671 Tampa, Florida 33620
Orange County Library District (1968) University of West Florida (1968)
101 East Central Boulevard Documents John Pace Library
Orlando, Florida 32801 Pensacola, Florida 32514-5750
St. Petersburg Public Library (1968) Wt Pm B h P L
3745 Ninth Avenue, North WestPalm Beach Public Library (1968)
3745 Ninth Avenue, North
St. Petersburg, Florida 33713 100 Clematis
West Palm Beach, Florida 33401
Camp Blanding Museum
Second World War
The Florida National Guard
The Camp Blanding Museum
& Historical Associates
ALBERT HAZEN BLENDING and
Florida National Guard
He was born in 1876, the year Custer made his last stand against *
the Sioux Indians and died the year after Americans landed on the Historical Foundation
moon. He was a private of Florida State Troops, and a lieutenant
general of the Florida National Guard. He served on the Mexican
Border, in France, and in Belgium. He was a farmer and dealer in
lumber products. He helped bring relief to Floridians suffering from
the ravages of nature or of disorderly citizens. He served the Guard
as its National Bureau Chief, and his state as a wartime coordinator
of civil defense. He was Albert Hazen Blanding, Florida's most
nationally prominent Guardsman.
As one of the true founders of the Florida National Guard, it is
appropriate that the Guard's state training camp near Starke is named November 25, 1990
for Albert Hazen Blanding. After all, he remains Florida's most famous 3:0P.
Guardsman. 3:00 P.M.
Camp Blanding, Florida
Master of Ceremonies The National Anthem
Major General Robert F Ensslin, Jr. Mrs. Joan Taylor
The Adjutant General ofFlorida
13th Army Band, FLARNG, iami Chaplain (COL) Paul Johansen
CW3 Douglas A. Phifer, Director
IA P introduction of the Speaker
Call to Order Major GeneralEnsslih'n
Major General Ensslin Ad
Massing of the Colors Lieutenant GeneralRobertArter, (Ret.)
(The audience will please stand while the colors are posted by all Spea Consultant to the Secretary of the Army
organizations and for the Pledge of Allegiance and join in singing the in i n n
National Anthem.) Cutting the Ribbon and Dedication
of Museum and Memorial Park
Announcer Lieutenant General Arter and Major General Ensslin
CSMAllen Crosby, FLARNG
Posting of the Colors 13th Army Band Bugler
Florida Army National Guard Color Guard
Posting of Veterans and 631st Maint Co, FLARNG
Patriotic Organizations' Colors
All Organizations Fly-by
S419th Avn Gp and 125th Ftr Interceptor Gp, FNG
Dedication Program Drive-by: World War II Vehicle Parade
Gun Salute Mlitary Vehicles Colectors Club
2ndBn, 116th FA, FLARNG Benediction
Pledge of Allegiance Chaplain (COL) Paul Johansen
COL Robert S Scott, (Ret) Retirement of the Colors
Medal ofHonor Recipient All Organizations
THE CAMP BLENDING MUSEUM
WELCOME AND MEMORIAL PARK
OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR
The Camp Blanding Museum and Memorial Park
On behalf of hundreds of National Guardsmen and other which we dedicate today consists of three major
volunteers who worked to prepare this Camp Blanding segments -- the Florida Regirental Memorial, the
Museum and Memorial Park, I extend a cordial welcome Mu sai an -o memorial Park.
The m is a rehabilitate orld War II
Today we honor all who served in the Second World War, barracks-type ib i rst or include
living and dead; in a broader sense we honor all who ever barracks-type u The first or includes
responded to the call to arms to defend the libertes we exhibits and th cond or will be the library
all enjoy today. and research center. The lorida gimental
Memorial will honor units a memb s of the
and Camp Blanding played a major role for both the National F ia aonal G d wh d
Guard and many thousands of other troops who trained I with a roster of those wh st their li s The
here before deployment to Europe or the Pacific in World Memorial Park includes the military ar facts,
War I. monuments and a public picnic a
This Museum and Memorial Park is a place where members Our program today begins with a emony own
of the public can familiarize themselves with this important as the "Massing of the Colors." On ated b the
piece of history and enjoy the restful surroundings in this Military Order of the World Wars, it or the
beautiful area. veterans, military and other patriotic or 'itions
We welcome you to this dedication program today and the opportunity to participate in the program.
invite you to retum as often as you desire. The audience is requested to join us in this program
by standing while all the colors are posted and by
joining in the Pledge of Allegiance and the National
ROBERT F. ENSSLIN, JR.
Major General, Line, FLARNG
The Adjutant General
THE FLORIDA NATIONAL GUARD DEDICATION PLANNING COMMITTEE
The Adjutant General MG Robert F. Ensslin, Jr. Major General W Stanford Smith, (Ret.), Chairman
Assistant Adjutant General BG Richard G. Capps Lieutenant Colonel James F. Bloodworth, (Ret)
Lieutenant Colonel Robert C. Foster, (Ret.)
Chief of Staff COL Karl Swindull Sergeant Major Rodney C Hall
Post Commander COL James Rogers ColonelHarryHatcher, (Ret.)
Mr. Robert Hawk
Camp Blanding Coordinator LTC Kent Petelle Lieutenant Colonel Charles M. Pease (Ret.)
Sergeant First Class Millard G. Rigdon, (Ret.)
Colonel Carlton Smith, (Ret.)
Lieutenant Colonel Peter G. Straub, (Ret.)
CAMP BLENDING MUSEUM & HISTORICAL Mr. Frank W Towers
President LTC J. F. Bloodworth, (Ret.) (along with members of the National Guard
Headquarters and Camp Blanding staffs as
Vice President MG W. Stanford Smith, (Ret.) ex oficio members)
Treasurer Captain Sandy Darden / ,&4 /
FLORIDA NATIONAL GUARD HISTORICAL 3 ^-
President Robert Hawk ( p /
Vice President CSM Allen Crosby /12 L
Treasurer Kathleen Dupes
Secretary MSG John Hill ,. -.
Project Coordinator SGM Rodney Hall
Veterans and Other Patriotic Organizations "MASSING OF THE COLORS"
Jones Langford-White Post 56, American Legion
Hawthorne Post 230, Ameincan Legion Participating Organizations
Tri-County Chapter 63, Disabled American Veterans
Henry McCauley Chapter 56, Disabled American
Veterans Florida National Guard
Orange Park Chapter 38, Disabled American
Veterans 53rd Infantry Brigade (SEP)
Rolling Greens Post 2009, Veterans of Foreign Wars 227th Field ArtilleryBrigade
and the Rolling Greens Post Auxiliary Troop Command
Ocala Forest Post 8267, Veterans of Foreign Wars
and the Ocala Forest Post Auxiliary 53rd Signal Brgade
Silver Springs Shores Post 4493, Veterans of Foreign 419th Aviation Group
Wars 164th Air Defense Artillery
and the Silver Springs Shores Post Auxiary 125th Fighter Interceptor Gro
North Maron Post 8978, Veterans of Foreign Wars
McCullough-Mixon Post 4209, Veterans of Foreign 290th Joint Communicaions Support Squadron
Wars 202nd Red Horse Civi Engineering Squadron
and the McCUllough-Mixon Post Auxiliary 114th Communications Squadron
Rebel Post 5625, Veterans of Foreign Wars
West Putnam Post 10164, Veterans of Foreign Wars U.S. A Reserve
Palm Coast Post 8696, Veterans of Foreign Wars
Orange Lake Post 10733, Veterans of Foreign Warstary e Pr of r C
r 400th Military Police Prisoner of War Camp
Middleburg Post 8255, Veterans of Foreign Wars
Gator Bowl Basha, China-Burma-India Veterans
Turnbull Clan Association, Scottish Highlanders
St. Augustine Post 2391, Veterans of Foreign Wars
"MASSING OF THE COLORS" "MASSING OF THE COLORS"
Participating Organizations Participating Organizations
The Blanding Divisions Veterans and Other Patriotic Organizations
1st Infantry Division Military Order of the World Wars,
29th Infantry Division Region VI (Florida)
30th Infantry Division MO WW Department ofFlorida (North)
31st Infantry Division Space Coast Area Chapter, MOWW
a D Gulf Coast Chapter, MOWW
36th Infantry Division
Fort Walton Beach Chapter, MOWW
43rd Infantry Division Homestead Chapter, MOWW
(including 103rd, 169th and 172nd Infantry Clearwater Chapter, MOWW
and the 118th Engineers) FFlagler/Palm Coast Chapter, MOWW
63rd Infantry Division Bradenton Chapter, MOWW
66th Infantry Diision St. Augustine Chapter, MOWW
SInfantry D sion Central Florida Chapter, MOWW
79th Infantry DivsiDaytona Beach Chapter, MOWW
and the 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment Youth Leadership Foundation, St. Augustine
Lafayette Post 105, American Legion
Charles A. Gordon Post 232, American Legion
Lakeshore Post 137 American Legion
Middleburg Post 250, American Legion
Wall-Rives Post 58, American Legion
"JE ant-on and nimLEmiEna.E : L"n' E
2 c)onoz Tof
S31ST IN FA N T RY D IV ISIO N
50TH ANNIVERSARY OF MOBILIZATION
SECOND WORLD WAR
24 NOVEMBER 1990
PONCE DE LEONRESORT
ST AUGUSTINE, FLORIZA -
A -. *
This commemorative menu has been composed in the style and format of one utilized
for the testimonial dinner given for General Blanding November 5, 1940 on the
occasion of his retirement from active service.
This Reunion and Remembrance Dinner is being held
in conjunction ofthe formal dedication of the
S M U SE U M
"- OF THE
"| SECOND WORLD WAR
SFLORIDA REGIMENTAL MEMORIAL
_.. *_ -
MAJOR GENERAL ALBERT HAZEN BLENDING
S He was born in 1876, the year Custer made his last stand against the Sioux Indians and died the year
after Americans landed on the moon. He was a private of Florida State Troops, and a Lieutenant General of the
Florida National Guard. He served on the Mexican Border, and in France, and in Belgium. He was a farmer.
and dealer in lumber products. He helped bring relief to Floridians suffering from the ravages of nature or of
disorderly citizens. He served the Guard as its National Bureau Chief, and his state as a war-time coordinator of
civil defense. He was active in civic affairs, and grew prize-winning flowers. -He was Albert Hazen Blanding,
Florida's most nationally prominent Guardsman.
h Albert Blanding was born inlIowa on the 9th of November, 1876, and, when he was only tvwo years old,
his family moved to central Florida. In Florida he grew to young manhood, attending the East Florida
Seminary, today's University of Florida. In 1895, he enlisted as a private in the Gainesville Guards, Florida
State Troops. In 1899, his superior skills and abilities brought him a promotion to-Captain of Florida's 2nd
SRegiment, with which he was destined to serve until 1917, finishing as its commanding officer on an border.
America went to war with Germany in 1917. In the early months of conflict Albert Blanding was one of
only eight National Guard officers elevated to the rank ofGeneral by President Woodrow Wilson. Assigned at
first duties with the 31st Division, he was later detached to serve in France and Belgium with French and
American formations. The final months of war found him in command of a brigade in the 27th Divisidn. The
27th fought with the British Army in France and Flanders. Blanding was in command of the 53td, Infantry
Brigade when the Allied Army, including the 27th Division, broke the German Army's final defenses on the
Western Front, the -Hindenberg Line. In 1919, a batte-tested'and experienced Albert Blanding returned home
Blanding presumed his active national service career was over. He resumed his duties with Florida's
Guard and re-established his civilian career. But histalents as a military leader were not destined to remain
Blanding picked up the morning paper one day in 1924, to discover he had been appointed the
Commanding Officer of the 31st Infantry Division (National Guard) and was now a Major General. He was to
command the Divisioni until 1940.
Commanding a division wasn't to be his only service in the year's between the two World Wars. In
1936, he was selected by President Roosevelt to be the Chief of the National Guard Bureau. Between 1936 and
1940, he was instrumental in obtaining the political, and financial support at the national level to obtain the
equipment and training necessary to prepare the country's National Guard for the war many were certain was
Blanding commanded the 31st Division during the Louisiana Army maneuvers of 1940, retiring from
active service immediately afterward. He had served his-state, and nation for more than forty years, but he
wasn't finished yet. With the onset of the Second World War, Blanding, quietly retired in Florida, assumed
duties as coordinator of the action forces of the State's war-time civil defenses and as military advisor to the
Governor. He was to hold these positions until war's end.
The last twenty-five years of Blanding's life were spent quietly at his home in Bartow. He continued to
be active in civic organizations and was willing to speak publicly on matters important to the Guard. But his
primary occupation was tending his large flower garden. His wife was the creator of new varieties and he was
the gardener, hard work to which he attributed his long and healthy life. He died in 1970 at the age of 94.
As one of the true founders of the Florida National Guard, it is appropriate that the Guard's state
training camp near Starke is named for Albert Hazeri Blanding. After all, he remains Florida's most famous
<' ~ IL' ^; = -L1 .. L ';
' ~~~~~~ -', ''
S31ST -INFANTRY DIVISION
SECOND WORLD WAR,
The division was mobilized for federal service and transferred to Camp Blanding in December 1940. For the next"
fourteen months, the division participated in training at Camp Blanding and in Army maneuvers in Louisiana'and the
iCarolinas. Subsequently transferred to Texas and then Virginia, the division sailed for the South Pacific in March 1944.
the division were sent to MAFFIN BAY and others to SARMI-WADKE ISLAND. A regimental combat team of the
S24th Infantry participated in the DRINUMOR RIVER campaign nearAitape. In September the divisioninvaded and
occupied MOROTAI ISLAND. Later, elemerits bf the division were employed in occupying ASIA and MAPIA
ISLANDS. Others were engaged at SANSAPOR. '
In April of 1945, the division landed at PARANG, Mindanao, Philippine Islands. For the next three months, the
"division fought a series of offensive battles along the SAYRE HIGHWAY in central Mindanao, including those at
MISINSMAN, KIBAWE AIRSTRIP,- COLGAN WOODS$and on to the PULANG RIVER. Continuing up the
highway, the division continued to MALAYBALAY and VALENCIA. Althoughscheduled to participate in the invasion
of Japan, the division's war ended on Mindaneo with the enemy's capitulation in August.
Following federalization, the 265th Coast Artillery was stationed in Galveston, Texas but was later transferred to
Alaska. where its batteries were assigned the necessary task of protecting the. outer ALEUTIAN ISLANDS. Towards the
end of the conflict, thie'regiment was returned to the continental U.S. and many of its men re-assigned.
^ *~ ~ ~~; -'6 -' '. ** ''
'PONCE SALAD '
S Regimenta Dressing
.. RELISHES. .. ROLLS AND BUTTER
Medically Detached A La Hardtack
ROAST PORK TENDERLOIN
SA La Camp Blanding
S BROILED SALMON
Brigaded With Division Sauce
OVEN ROASTED POTATOES STRING BEANS
Engineered .. Quarteimastered
HOT APPLE PIE
". 13th Army Band Combo 31st Regiment '
FLORIDA NATIONAL GUARD
SECOND WORLD WAR
It was the greatest war in all history and Florida's National Guardsmen served, trained, fought and some died, in
"every theater and in every great battle, on land and in the air, of that titanic global struggle. Most served in, or with, the
infantry, many in the Army Air Corps, others'in the artillery, engineers, quartermasters and as specialists in all the
various technical professions associated with modem, industrial and scientific warfare. Most came home at wars end;
some did not.
One might suppose all of Florida's Guardsmen would have served in the same unit; the 31st Division of which
they were an organic part prior to general'mobilization. Actually, most did not. It was partly calculation and intent on
the part of the Regular Army but mostly it was simply the incredible demands created by the nature and size of the war
itself. Some artillery, some support troops and a handful of Florida infantry would eventually reach the South Pacific and
serve with the 31st Infantry Division in New Guinea and the Philippines. All of the Coast Artillery and most of the
infantry would flight their war in other units and in other places.
Following general mobilization in November 1940, (January 1941 for the 265th Coast Artillery), Florida's
soldiers took up residence at newly created Camp Blanding in the northcentral part of the state. There they were joined
by other elements of the 31st Division and their ranks fleshed out with draftees, most from Florida and the other
southern states which contributed component units to the division. Almost immediately, individuals were separated
from their Guard units; some to attend special technical schools, a few to OCS and even more succumbedto the
romantic attractions of a war in the air; the ArmyAir Corps.
After the maneuvers of 1941 and the cataclysm- of Pearl Harbor, Florida men began disappearing from the
division in large numbers. More volunteered for the Air'Corps, numerous individuals went off to a greatly expanded
OCS program and a very large number responded to the appeal for men to fill the ranks of the new airborne divisions.
By this time, the 124th Infantry was no longer part of the 31st.Division. They were school troops at the infantry OCS
school at Fort Benning, Georgia, training the thousands and thousands of new junior officers needed for the vastly
expanded national army.
By the fall of 1943, approximately one half of the Florida Guardsmen originally, in the 124th were gone and, it
Camp Jackson, South Carolina, the remainder were transferred to other units and the regiment itself was officially
disbanded. From Camp Jackson, large drafts of men from the 124th were sent to the 4th and 30th Divisions, destined
for a war that would begin in the hedgerows of Normandy during June of 1944. Others were sent as-infantry
replacements to the-Mediterranean Theater, where Americans, had been in combat with the Axis since November of
1942. Many of them would end up in the 3rd and 45th Divisions in the Anzio Beachhead.
i "" -8-
Following a political rumpus over the disbandment of Florida's 124th, it returned to existence through the
expedient of re-designating the 154th Regiment, then in New Guinea with the 31st Division, as the 124th. (It is ironic
and fitting that the 154th had been Florida's assigned regiment immediately following the end of World War I). Some
Florida Guardsmen were already in the 154th, now 124th, and others would find their way their in the months to come.
But, in numbers, they neyer comprised more than perhaps, ten percent of the regiment, if that much.
Of the nearly 4,000 Florida Guardsmen mobilized for war in 1940, approximately one hundred and seventy are
known to have been killed in action or died during the war years. (This number represents about eighty-five percent of
tfe total fatal casualties from the Florida Guard). Forty died of non-battle related disease or accidents or were killed at
times, places and with unit assignments that are not part of the available records. At least fourteen were killed while
serving in the Army Air Corps and one as a Marine.
Nearly half of all fatal casualties among Florida's Guardsmen occurred during service with a relatively small and
select group of divisions; the 3rd, 4th, 30th, 31st and 45th Infantry Divisions and the 11th, 17th, 82nd and 101st
Airborne Divisions. Other divisions in which Florida Guardsmen served who were killed in action included the,1st, 2nd,
8th, 9th, 24th, 34th, 35th, 37th, 40th, 42nd, 63rd, 77th, 78th, 79th, 94th, 96th Infantry, and the 6th and 40th
If the divisions and specialist units in which surviving Florida Guard veterans are known to have served are
included, we could add the 7th, 26th, 29th, 36th, 41st, 43rd, 65th, 66th, 75th, 76th, 83rd, 84th, 85th, 87th, 88th,
98th, 99th, 104th, 106th Infantry, 10th Mountain, 13th Airborne, Americal, and the 1st, 11th and 13th Armored
divisions, the Rangers, 158th RCT,' st Special Forces, various intelligence and signal units and even training
detachments in India and China attached to the Chinese Army. And, as indicated, more than two Jundred former
Florida Guardsmen served in various units of the Army Air Corps.
In short, there really wasn't anyplace Florida Guardsmen didn't serve during the war. Their impact on the Army
must have been vastly greater than mere numbers might.suggest. The Florida Guard provided private soldier, NCO and
officer leadership cadres to most of the elite divisions.in the Army and good men in many other-divisions, specialty
units, and air squadrons worldwide. They made a difference and established an enviable record, one worthy .of
commemoration. This new memorial and museum at Camp Blanding is but a start in recognizing the long-neglected
and overlooked achievements of those "Florida Boys of 1940" to whom Florida, and the nation, owe so much. .
STATE OF FLORIDA
GOVERNOR ROBERT MARTINEZ Commander-in-Chief
SENATOR LAWTON CHILES Governor-Elect
MAJOR GENERAL ROBERT E ENSSLIN, JR. The Adjutant General
53RD INFANTRY BRIGADE
227TH FIELD ARTILLERY BRIGADE
164TH AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERYBRIGADE
53RD SIGNAL BRIGADE .
"7 TROOP COMMAND
FLORIDA AIR NATIONAL GUARD
CO-CHAIRMEN, COMMITTEE ON ARRANGEMENTS
Colonel Karl-J. Swrihdull
Command Sergeant Major Allen H. Crosby -
State Area Command
Ms. Kathleen Dupes
Florida National Guard Historical Foundation
MASTER OF CEREMONIES '
Mr. Robert Hawk
Director, Historical Services.
S- 10 -
", -* .
W,.,1il ll i^1^11 1,1 l,,,i i i
rdWar II soldiers.
w .museum, memorial park ded
'-. .the Infantry Replacement Train-
A ng Center, the Military Order of
iW'Camp Blandng Museum -"the World Wars, Florida's Regi-
(emoria Park of the Sa.nd ments and medal of loinor, win-,
"f'War'will.be dediatldl the1' ners '. ,
nd of Norember 24 2 i'The As'very special guests, nine of
iOnies'Include'reunions pnd the surviving fifteen recipients of;i
ihe follosing is an expla the Medal of Honor from the nine:
oal;he events'and a de. 'World War II. Blandkng Divisions,
a-of. thee 'aclities as sup,'. have accepted our Invitation to
by. ffeNatonal Guard. attend the ceremonies'surround-
ing the dedicationqrf their hivi,
>ratlona, honors '' slonal memorials.
(idinal'idealor selecting- ; "' *
tber,25, 1990, as the dedi-; Museum and Park : .
date' for the;Museum and,' 'The Camp Blanding Museum
irallPark:at',Carp Blanding and Memorial Park of the Second
l.coincide With the 50th an- World War is on a 13-acre site ad-
gay of the '1940 mobilization jacent to the main entrance to the
ipoda National Guard.,'or.. camp on State Road 6 between
reasonQthtier ilTai 6 be a''. Jacksonville and Starke,':.'' : '.
il.reunion in SLAugustine of : In "addition to a two-story
iuard "and non-Ouard veter- ,building that is being converted .
'iFlorida's 'regiments and to a 3,000 square foot museum
s:fb'n the 31st Division. :complex, the site includes a Flori-
tias'.Camp Blanding was da Regiments Memorial cor-
he'training site for nine oth- 'memorating the men and units of
rmy divisions :and. of hun- -the Florida National Guard that .
:of thousands of Infantry re :. were mobilized in 1940, a Memo*r:'
ments,' it was decided to rial Garden with displays honor-..
:the event national in scope'- ng each of the nine divisions i'
iviting veterans from those .trained at Camp Blaniding, the In-:-
.-divisions'and the IRTC. At. fantry Replacement Training Cen-,'
:two additional divisions, the ter, Medal of Honor and Purple
and 66th, plan to have unit Heart recipients. :
ons that same weekend, in* Phase Two of the project in-'
e and Galnesville respective- eludes a library, archives and a
FC. E 'Cr-'.- : period novie4.eater , ;
anbigtheuanywveterans reg ..'scheduled ror
d'Ior the events, there are the next fiscal year. .
,sentatives of all nine "Blan-, Camp Blanding was selected
',divisions as'well as many fur the site of the museum and
"- divisions. In addition, as memorial park because uf its ties
s,Blanding was the organize. to the World War I era -
I-lblrthplace'11of the 508th Tne camp was originally estab-l
*hute Infantry, veterans of listed as a state mihr)L training
ulite'unit also plans to attend: reservation for units of the Flori-
weekend's events in some "da National Guard. It was pressed
ers. I' .I : ..'. into federal service and became a .
number of memorials will be major multi-purpose,training base
lly'dedicated that weekend. for the active Army. :
ded are memorials to the 1st, Prior to its conversion to an In-
:30th, 36th and 43rd infantry fantry Replacement Training Cen-'r
ons,'the 508th Parachute In- ter in late 1943, dozens and.doz-.
'purple heart recipients, ens of complete Army units and
museum consists of hanging displays, artifact cases and
ormed mannequins as well as retrospective glimpses of
.several hundred thousand men The first floxr o. the museum
trained at Camp Blanding. building houses. an interesting.
included were a cavalry regi- andd cl'rful series of.visual eJhlb- 4,V
ment, ank destroyer, field artil-s containsrartfcts and man-,.
leiy, engineer-and medial battal nequin displavs:honor ingpndil.'l''
"ons,'many separate infntry regd lutrating the history of. ,Camp .
merits and nin complete Ifantry Blanding. the ni di s.bnsis slich
son t st, 9th. 30th trained here, the Infanty lie-'
31st... 6 ;,43rd, c3r--;Oh "j pbcement Tralang 'Center andI-
79th. :,.. c r the war 'eraihn general-both'at":'
Veterans and families of most homeland overseas.:, .l;;;., :-'
O trho te ,Unitsaved 'aes, u im All work on the project site has o"
of those units have'confirmed been supervised by Sgt.' Mj Rod- u al
their intentions to attend the ded, ey all .n p collaboration r. ::_'
ication ceremonies.- ney Hall .in 'cllaboration.' with.
tero ndng Associates President
After World War II,'Camp Blan-: James Bloodworth. Camp DMan-
Sding reverted to state control and ding Post Commander, Col James, ,
is now a major training center, at- E Rogers and 1peputy Post Cor- '
tracing soldiers and units not mander LL CoLKent Palelle. De.,-' LTC Jim Bloodworth (ret.); In WWII uni
only from the United States, but sign and development of the Inte- forms of 2LTAlan. Wsley, second fro.
lorpladwide., -`%.-fr of vo". "icnda wana fr o ",'
worldwide ; a. I r arior museum .harsbeen the 're curator, SMG Rodney Hall looks on.
Visitors Io the dedication cere- sponsibility of Rdbert Hawk, cre-
mony can see the results of more ator of the -proect and deprt-
than two years of work on all mental Director of the Historical .
three parts by our small prore Services and Presdent of the.
slonal staff and hundreds of vol. Florida National Auard Historical
unteers Foundationr \., "
The museum served as WWII barracks years ago. '. Memorial Park contains commemorative
and vehicles. .
-u I .
Photo left: a memorial honors medal of honor winners. Photo right: members of the 202nd
Heavy Repairs Battalion pose by the .C-47 "Sweet Thing" they restored as part of the
heavy equipment exhIbition.
SA p NIz of a U h nb u ,ing taken in the early 4,T'.
j ;:-'M.- + 1
P.O. Box 10278
T ,nv 1"f9
TAKPA. Fn 33679
uRio conu0r TI2000.
Atleft I a WWII vintg 47 cro plane which
was the military version of a DC3. The military
purchased around 10,000 of them.
At rght ls a 1944 MA4 Sherman' Tank with
gun uunit. This was a later model which
featured a litle heavier armor. This model tank
.was a worhorse during WWI
These are Just a few of theWW .era dlsply on
.and around the Camp Blanding Museum &
SMemoriaPark.rpBy lNov. 24 25.
anding MJse1m .a.. from s l
ally opened and dedicated in spe-: trained at CaniIp I b dws the upper half four museum build-, but nine are scheduled to attend the
ialccremoniesonthe25thofNovem-.'war, it was nrot ssibe in IJude Ig. isyear'sccomplishments are ceremoniesasourguests.
fbCr 1990, the fifdieth anniversary of.them for specialemphasis. However, ythe beginning! -- in addition to their participation in
the mobilization'of the Florida Na-- the Infantry Replacement Training -* thgealdedictionofthefacilits
tional Cuard. -.* -CenteratBlanding, 1943-1945, wiUi._ As a part of our dedication program th will be the focus of the formal
described in the museum and me for the Camp Blanding Museum and c cono the newMedal
MEMORIALIZED UNTrS- realized in the gardens. M- eornal Park. we invited all fifteen : ""ment in lhe mff"naulmalc -
Intheexhibitsofthemuseum-and lh- When dedicated and opened In .N Psurviving recpants of the Medal of 1:30P.M.,Suidaythe25thof ovem-
memorial park adjoining, we have vemberl990,theCampLndingMu-; Honor who served with the nine ber. ^ *
.-choen to -emphasize the service and seum and Memorial Park of the BlSec- Banding divisions and the 508th- o A number of nvateindividu- .
S..ex i pcnC e ui ivi. dWr Parachutefaty.Duetoiessor havecont funds
d111renmentaf\lnterea ; t pa. .*
: "t g 0 u _be
combatt team that were assigned to Awon't be complete. 'We antidcpa bh- t
Camp B ending for training prio'to a'ddig materIa to both the Interior *. .
thr commitment to combat. These .and exteriordisplaya as they become .
-units were the 1st 29th, 30th, 31st, available. And further, we are estab-l
"36th. 43rd, 63rd, 66th iihnd 79th Infan- fishing a aijor regional research II-.
..:try Divisions id the 508th Airborne braIy and archives devoted to the
.. gimental Combat Team. history of the Secod World War in I
Thecampaignserviceoftheseten units'~ ; *
.spanned the globe from North Africa '' *. -
to the Solomon Islands, Italy to New
and Central Europe to Luzon. Comrn-
.bluned, they' aufered iarly 24,000
combat dead and more than 80,000
wounded. The war'service histories
SOf these ten i inis illustrate the diver- .
l -*sitv of comi b bat itnr pnr forh 414
'Y r Are Iiv itedj... *
Camp B landing Mueum & Memorial Park Dedication Set For Nov. 24
The landing Militay er ngmobiliatonf onal Prior to its conversion to an Infantry
aton near S beginning in September of 1940 and .Replacement Training Center in late .
major Armytrainin center dur- .:espeally fllongthe Japanese at- 1943, dozens and dozens of complete
in3 the Second World War. It was tackonPearlHa ,CampBlanding armyunitsandsomeseveralhundred
originally established as a state mili- became a major i-p .train- thousand men trained at Camp
tary trainingreservation for units of igbaseformany u tsalid ivid u- Blanding. Included.uwere a calvary
the lorida Naional Curd. Follow- als representing.all braiches of the regiment, tank destroyer, field artil- .
Army. '-' lery,engineerand medicalbattalions,
manyseparate infantry regmentsand-
nine completinfantry divisions; the
Ist, 29th, 30th, 31st, 36th, 43rd, 63rd, -
66th and 79th. f- T
For mostofl944and 1945,averybhgh
percentage of the utdividual, sent to "
replenish the ranks of America's
combat units trained at Camp'
Landing's Infantry Replacement ?p
Training Center. Additionally, the'
"" camp was the site of a German pris- '
oner of war compound, a large hospi-'
tal, reception station and, at wars end, -
.C mBlndingrevertl seon-tit .'_
a paration nrnter.F o wlng theiwall
aeda satraningsite fo heNationri M
Guard and other reserve components
S. bofthe nation ArmnnedalForces. -
And iow, the Florida National Guard
I s sponsorin the establishment of the
CAMP B ADDING MUSEUM AND
MEMORIAL PARK -F.THE SEC--
":" -reemberthe wa-time historyofthe
campand all the mim and unitsofthe
...s Army who gained here bet p ia' at d the
p940 and 1945.The fadlity wj befo deication hamny Nyberntae Z4 &dt will Thewllbea eny d bd igaer
S .. ""SeePagelB : look l ,m ard our local inl .
:4"' "." s
prisoner-of-war band. There were many of,
"( One night, one of the soldiers' Rommel's Afrika Corps in Blanding," Weld-
smuggled some food into his tent ... w rehabilitated Weldh was
During the night a commotion broke signed to 17 weeks of basic training, which
out.A wild hog had smelled the food included 1,050 miles of scheduled marching
and proceeded to tear through the :- "and that did not include the marching,
tent. 9 9 : walking, double-timing or crawling after we
i i got to our training areas."
Ralph Tibbt Despite marching before daylight or
a, ___,_1__1 _early In the morning to avoid the heat, "we
One of the band''- lost men each day to heat exhaustion."-
SWn sone a 6; y which brought him and his wife to Tampa Weldlich was sent to non-commissioned
Winston H. Bratcher of Tampa was a 26 years ago..He retired In 1985. officer school, then became a non-com
MIsitssipplan -who 'Jolned -the. National' l'. training new trainees.."I spent six cycles of
(Guard's 155th Infantry .BandLbecause I Srprise snowfll' Infantry replacement training before they
'doubled as the'college band at Miisissippi 0. no started to deactivate the camp," he said.-.
College In Clinton, M.iss Charles 0. Yankovich of Tampa arrived "The training received In Blanding was
"We had topsactice on the football field at Camp Blanding In January 1942 In of top quality," Weldlich said. "Most of the
once a week, even if not nla the guard.: time to witness a snowfall. He had come In officers and non-coms were very serious
Therefore, why not enlist'for three years,. from Fort Benning, Ga., after Joining the about what they taught. Lots of nights,
* while in college? We received $1 for each 20th Combat Regiment trainees would come to the non-coms' quar-
-drill and had the feeling of being a little Among the impressions he has retained: ters to discuss the day's training and ask
patriotic," he aid. "The huge wooden theaters where we questions." ,* ;'*.
tdsmeovided by Winston H. Bratcher received so many lectures ... the board- He remembers "lots of live ammo exer-
ran fcer found themselves Winston H. Bratcher is shown In his walks to try to keep out of the mud and cises... crawling under 30-caliber machine;
called up for duty with the 31st Division In .,uniform at Camp Blanding around the snow. Yes, we all ran out of our quar- gun fire .. bayonet training fungus nlaec-
'November 1940. They visualized a "year In '1940-41., ters to see snow falling in Florida ... the tons from swamp water _. digging those ':
the Florida sun with Uncle Sam looking af- pot-bellied stoves In the center of the eternal foxholes... cleaning grease traps in
ter us." ties they possessed into the command tent, tents." the mess hall. .
When they climbed.off the train, and' Individually. The warrant officer then Yankovich left Blanding in July 1942 for Weldlich was promoted to first sergeant.-
marched. five miles to their wood-frame'. smashed each whistle "flat as a pancake." campaigns In North Africa and Sicily and by the time he was discharged In 1946..
"ftents,- they found trucks dumping sand in One day a band practice was interrupt- the Normandy invasion.
4low:areas.' "I never saw so much sand," he `ed by a coral snake slithering along near An old burial plot
'said; the men's feet. "The music stopped, some Many memories recalled
With time on their' hands at the begin- stood on chairs, but our piccolo/flute play- G.A. Hallgren of St. Petersburg wrote
'ning, the band unit members' "became er dispatched the snake," Bratcher recount- Paul Preston of Tampa wrote to say he finding an old family burial plot while on.
builders." using lumber from a irap heap ,'ed. .;. ; .. feels as It he knows what it was like to maneuvers at Camp Blanding, On a break,
to construct desks,.extra.footlockers and "It wasn't such a rough life being In the have trained at Camp Blanding because his a man in his squad noticed a stone in the
clothes racks. band,", he continued. "The troops really father-in-law has talked about It so many ground, and "our curiosity was aroused.. i'
Since these were non-regulation Items,, .liked Uis. We had a good influence on their times. Haligren continued: ."By carefully re-
an officer ordered them sent back-to the morale." i. .;, Ralph Tibbits of Lebanon, N.H, talked moving the vegetation covering-the stone.
t scrap heap after the first regimentail' In-, **. One example:. O.a three-day march about the 25-mile hikes on the hot tar roads' we could see that it was a flat slab and had
section. .. ,. south of Blanding, the band played "Beer In the Starke area wearing full dress carvings on It We sprinkled black dirt on
..One Item that survived was an exercise, Barrel Polka" as the'troops marched by uniform, carrying a rifle and full pack. the stone, and by, dusting off the dirt we
bar. "Most all of us used It, doing chin-ups, "with full pack, rifle and gear. Although the When anybody passed out In the heat, could read the carvings ... ,
loops and other, contortions,", he said..? band was driven to the camping area, the nobody could drop out to assist A truck "I don't remember the name, but the
"There was not much danger of breaking troops kept marching. would pick up the unconscious soldier lat- person was born In the late 1700s and died
:' your neck, as it was built on lots of sand." .:.- As the worn-out units finally ap- er. In the early 1800s .. We looked over the
Bratcher said the band's duties Included broached.. the bandsmen marched about a. Tibbits told of night maneuvers' in the area and found several more gravestones.
awakening the troops well before daylight, mile: toward them and started playing swamps, encountering alligators, water I've often wondered if I could find this site
by marching up and down the regimental '"Beer Barrel Polka" again.. moccasins and other creatures. The men again..."
'. streets, blaring march., music and playing "The troops told us later that the sound were under orders not to take food Into .
Stthe- national anthem. each evening as the' of that tune was the only thing that enabled their pup tents because of the wild hogs. Seeking' license plates
flag was lowered,- ** them to make that last mile," Bratcher "One night, one of the soldiers smug-
They also had to'provide marching mu- said. '. .' '. gled some food into his tent .. During the Bill Hamilton of Tampa said his fondet
Sslc for draftees onithe drill field, and he v.,, lFree time brought trips to Starke, St. night a commotion broke out A wild hog memory of Camp Blanding Is receiving his *
commented, "It was surprising how- many :Augustine,.Daytona Beach and Jackson-' had smelled the food and proceeded to tear honorable discharge theie from the Army
of the draftees could'not keep in.step."' ville Bratcher remembers,spending 60 through the tent." at 5:35 p.m, Nov. 10,. 194.-But he adds: .
The bandsmen had another duty: direct'. cents'for a bus ticket from Starke to Jack- "My hobby for the past 40-plus yeats
ing traffic during a night maneuver, so sonville, then eating" big supper at Morri- A German POW band has been collecting license plates, and I've
;each acquired a whistle. ,.. .',, ., son's cafeteria for,82 cents. been trying to get one of the World War II
"After the: maneuver,. we still had the "I'm sure all of us enjoyed that year- Jack C. Weldlich of Zephyrhills saw Camp Blanding plates. Officers had white'
whistles and Just,had to use them! Late at; plus at Camp Blanding" Bratcher conclud- Camp Blanding In March 1944 after being letters on blue, enlisted men blue on white.,
nlght,. after everyone had gone to bed,. ed. But the bandsmen scattered In all direc- drafted In New Jersey. He started basic "I had to turn In my plate when I was
Someone would run into the company street lions when the war started. training but soon came down with a form discharged. I know some are available';
and blow his whistle REAL LOUD." Bratch.- -, Bratcher transferred to a "mobile ma- of pneumonia that kept him In the hospital- somewhere.'as I've seen them in other col-'
S er remembered. ,, chine records unit." going to Europe. He four months. '-' lectors' collections." ;. .. .
The midnight whistlers eluded superiors wound up as a master sergeant. "One highlight of the hospital stay was Hamilton's telephone' number is ifR3)'
Camp cotr nt erecting wooden frames and tent tops by the thou Photographs provided by Charles 0. ank
Follow-ups and flashbacks ....
1940 brought forth a number of an
Retired Maj. Gen. Edmund J. McMullen
party to the Isolated Army facility then takPC
ng shape n a swampy section between
Brigade, then commanded by Gen. Summer
Lowry," McMullen related. "The first ser-for the "city" atprang up t Camp Bandin
geant and I stood there and looked at the
mesFormer soldiers recall hall.camp
"Tribune Staff Wrno ceiling, no windows, no
d oors, no screens, no plumbing and the i .
Sdotes frigerom that pere not connected. I told the
sergeant, 'You'd b better prepare for mess
"All of Tampa sutold ofden two trucklong wth an advances of work
men spartyki the isolated Armyin fronacility of the build-
ing shape inwatched a swamp they put things togetween
Stare and they wereen Cove Sprinished n 30
"The was sorkment to see the headquarters
tarea waucks reand were starting to leave. I yelledry
'StoBrigade, then commanded boss.y Gen. Sumwanted to
know whryat the related. "The first was.
"I geant and stood the still ad looked workt the-
an there as no ceiling, no windows, no
McMullen said the 43rd New England Workmen put together prefabrcated sections of barracks In record time
doors, no scored nto plumbnding an and the
ary frigerato1941, dividwere frnot connected. told the
slon by a "Mason-Dixon Line."
Thsergea 116th Field Arbettillery's epare for mess
"mess hall of a sudden two trucklone of the princlk-
pal battles, McMullen said.
"Gen skidded to a top aynen front of the build-
to allow his oilers' mess to served liquor,"n 30
The workmen rushed back into they."
. trucks and were starting to leave. I yelled,
Stop! Stop!' to the gang boss. le wanted to
know what the trouble was.'
"I let him know he still had one work-
n ian there -- sealed in the ceiling."
"McMullen said the 43rd New England Workmen put together prefabrced sections of barracks in record time. -.
",-Division moved into-Camp Bleanding in Jan-, -... .... ..-.
Suar 1941, divided from the 31st Dlxte Dlvl- '/
S The 16th Field Artiilery'a regimental
: I mes hal was the site of one of the prlnci
General Payne of the 43rd had refused
to allow his officers' msas to serve liquor,'
S'?he explained. "Every Saturday, the lfth's
mess hall was overrun with-Yankees eager
'to accept Southern hospItality."
What a difference 50 yea er. *t.ve't Voki.wrs, back to"the
IHUindreds of World War II Veterans. American Revolution, General
l-traftied' as iynganfahtry .Arter aldthathile some countries
'. f*t c, d .In h.e !ghto. acquire, land and:other
grantee wp lin y ni a kyateri'e li[4t Amerlred Ihas fought$
a- ully m capeda Memorial only. to protect freedom for one
P":a.rdknima.ri n tsoattothesan' another- freedom to write, talk,
dy drlu lddi,,,wood and canvas_,- play and be understood,'balanced by .:
Shutment. and the notorious boom-:: liberty andiustlce for all."
.- town area they. left behind four In welcoming the veteran and
S decades ago, visitors, General Ensalin said, "To-
ut .Sunday'ihred'carpet wa day we honor all who served In
f '. tien lt o.l and hundreds of World War II, and all wars, whether
"forer" orld War UI G took ad- living or dead-.n a broader sense,
S antage of the L"kinder gentler" we honor all who ever responded to
trea ent that was being iandedout the call to arms to defend the liber.
on the Banding reservation In their ties we all today. Camp Blan-
".: honor. One veteran of the d (New-'-dlapy a k role for both the
iE land) Division recalled the long.,. AJWo andmany thousands.
marcheover.rough terralne when of other ropwho trained here
he would return to i bunk covered before deployment to Europe or the
',yth mud from lis feet to waist and Pacific. .
with sand from his walst up. Following the dedication, Gen.
SMore than 3,00 visitors checked Ensalln and Gen. Arter participated
though the Blanding main gat on in a ribbon-cutting ceremony, of-
Highway 16 Saturday and auay ideally opening the Museum and
',.admlritni the handsome granite MemoriaTPark to the public. Taps .:
V .memorials. the landscaped pool with was played by the lath Army Band
": water spray, the World War II guns, Bugler, followed by a rifle salute by .
: anes and motor vehicles surroun- the 631st Maintenance Company..
gthe groundsand the two-story ly-bys were staged by the 419th
.mu aeu n-a vividreminderf Camp ,.Aviation Group and the 125th
'Blanding as t used to be and the e- Fighter Inteceptor Group, Florida
"feet it had on thse arrp igarea. NaUonal Guard.A drive-bs of Army
"" .We honor all wio
(ever responded to the call
to arms to defend the .
". l ieSwe ejoytda' .
MalorGeneral Robert Ensflln, Jr.
Snd dedication ceremoniesia vehicles was i.reaented by -the
high t ofthe tlay -events. Military Vehicls Collectors Club.
opened ith a salute by the 116th Six veterans, who received the
FeldiArtillery, and a "Massing of Medal of Honorithe highest award
,a ptacular display of given for brave in action a ainast
.,flop participated in by veterans of the enemy, received pe cita-
all war, numerous military unit, tionsSundy. Atotalof 47 whotraln-
and other patriotic organizations. ed at Blanding, received the Medal
.. Major General Robert F. Enasaln, of Honor. Fifteen are still living and
SJr, the AdutantGeneral of Florida si were present Sunday, _
SIntroducedthe guest speaker, Leut.
* General Robert Arter (Retired),
. ,who i special consultant to the
Secretary of the Army._Praising
O. 9 10278 .
"rAP-. t. 33679
SPay -Trib te
$(AhovEleft) Mli Mkhg of the 4m) A F.zU crowd
P.O. BOX 10278
TAMPA. FL 33679
SLA 1MIOM MO WNITOR
x MTTON MHEIGHTi
Sinp Buaiidi g, ..
-r *'o and self guided ourS'. Above: The 6rigindi M A
barracks which n house
w'll receive n influx of World of World War e d
War II az-service men, their' Memdtial Park will continmd of heaneiofoag o
familiesM friends and tourists this Monda from 9 a m. to 4 p.m. Itohe ma ny eoe
,weekend to attend the opening and, generaJpublic s invited to a!4ttend avai a orl inspeqction.t -
"dedcaonceremonies ofthe new, all events. "', (Below) he are a number of .
mhalfmilon dollar World War II The World War lnMuseumn, memrials where you can reflect on ,
Museum and Memorial Park this replete with weapons, photo ps Florida' Armed rvices
2,Saturby & Sunday, November andotherartifactsofthe period will involvement.
*24lhand25th.'. be openforviewing ina large, two
S'Several thousand spectators, story white frame building at t
;'.including many eFaicemen from maln entrance.to.thecam .One of.
the^ot atosI.expccK original buildings at endingg I
to attend the .ceremonies, while ,it was used to accommodate civilian
'."military dignitaries will include the and military guests during the war C
Uinderscreiary ofiefaenand Under period. It is now being filed with
Secretary of the Army. Featured .,Items contributed by WWh service
speaker at the 3 p.m. Sunday .'men themselves, or members of
:Dedicatan ceremony will be retired ,theiramllles. Artillery guns, tanks
Lt., General Robert Arter. special andvehicles dot the landscape atthe
S1eonsultant to the Department~,ofq ,entrance gate and surrounding the
4Defenseandchairmanm of nadonwide, park, picnic area, and landscaped
Lobaervances;fi^ the! U.S. lagoon centered with a water spray
comvmemora tisng,.thoe 50th ', CampBlandng.oi theEast s=de
S mverary emobilization for-' o Kingsley Lake. just six miles
"Wotrld.Wart I;. Major General'. from Starke on Highway 16. played
Bsislt^Adjutant General of the a major role In training U.S. Army
Firlda Nationa OGuard. will troops before their deployment to.,
..... assignmentss throughout the worlds,
Thededlcari on ceemoimeswill where they united with other Aimed
begin at 3 mjn.,with a "Massing of "Forcesto restore freedom to Europe
the Colora a patriotic formation .and the western Pacific., .
Originated the Military Order of The centerpiece of the IM temoda
the World are, affording veterans Garden is the Florida Regimental
organizationss and other patriotic Memorial which includes a dramatic
groupss .. opportunity to bronze.. statue of an armed"
Thi will be. followed by a' depictingthe Florida national Guard .
rbbonuttrngi ceremony a campaigns, battle honors. and ts
dby the 13th Army buler, a soldiers who died in comSbat. A
staged by the Forida total of 3,943 members of the .
'NatlonWl-Otar.end a drive-by of Flo ida National, Guard were
Imvehcles, obilized 50,i ear ago. .on
441, T eekend tswill bogln',November 25,,4l0, and 170 of
4unrday with open bose from 9 them were ported in action.
La '.to 6 p _.. A special Purple ,In addition to"' Infantrymen,
fHeart$, Monument Dedication, Blanding also trained some cavalry,
poned bythe Purple Heart artillery, tank, engineer and medical
'rAnsatolatid~the Starke Rotary battalions. It also housed a German
ub wl beheld from I to 2 p.m., Prisoner ofWar camp and still
and dedication of Division maintains a memorial/cemetery for
.monuments will start at 12 noon seven of the prisoners who died in '
and continue until 6 p.m. Including camp and remained in.a cemetery
the r1st. 30th 29th. 31st, and 43rd there until their bodies' went
dIvisions, also the MOWW removed to the National Cemeter
Manumentdedicationo atFortBenning.OGA.in 1946. t
-VV. Vy pamt pei
Ai: al Cmp Blanding.
SGuardsmen in mwar honored
: By Susan P.Repess :,
staff wdwtw the
Hundreds of Ar;m*y veterans who trained as young
recruits at Camp Blanding in the 1940s were among
!3,000, people who:helped dedicate Camp Blanding's W..
_World War II museutn and memorial park yesterday.
". In the formal opening of the Camp Blandifig Museum
S: and 'Memorial Park of the Second World War;, color
Y-guards from about 60 different military and veterans
.iurunits flanked a memorial to Flo a's National Guard--
. .:units that fought in World War-'A.
S 'The 13-acre park In southwest Clay County also al
"commemorates nine infantry divisions that trained at
SCamp Blanding during a massive buildup: of Army
S"combat troops for the war. :
: Julian lMcRae of Starke said the memorial park made
him feel wonderful.
I thought we were forgotten,'! McRae said as he
.-', -. (See MEMORIAL, Page A-2) ;, A group of flags, being carried to a mass of colors presentation passes by a C-47 military aircraft at Camp .
(San Jose, California)
Robert Scott (43rd Infantry Division) Ian
"(Santa Fe, New Mexico) 10:00 am. German American Club Memorial Dedication
S11:00 a m. Florida Regimental Memorial
12-00 Noon 1'st Infantry Division
1:00 p.m. Purple Heart
2:00 p.m. 30th Infantry Division
300p.m. ." ,' 29thInfantryDivision.I
4.00 pm.L Militasy Order of the World Wars
plaques and displays of weapons Photos: BOB HAWK, special O .00 p.m. ..- '- "ethe Wrdei ,'
"500 p.m. 43rd hifantry Division
' 2)00 pm.-4:00 pm. Dedication ceremony
4:00 pIm.-5:00 pL Open
: :: '::Events .. "
S. 200 p. 2 pm. W I GI Lunch, Mess Hall, Building No.211.
Fi: Frst come, first served .
.- .OI cers Clubiand Service Club open'all day formeals..
-." 1 p. m. VVIP Assembly Area open, Classroom, Camp Blinding
:; | " Armory; MG Ensslm is. host assisted by.other CBTS and STARC.
S130 p.m. : -Medal of Honor Memonal Dedica on. :
".- (Memorial Park Area)
L. Colors begul orming at Regional Training Sile.
-'Maintenance Facility, Budding No.310 31
.(East of Museum area on Mmden Street)
-300 pm. .Massing of Flags and formal dedication
rw,. of the Camp Blanding Museumrn and Memonrial Park
.; .. ... -. .yIof the Second World War,
NOTE: If you amve early in the day, check in at Receptior7.
Center, Budding No.2100, for information. '
if you arrive near dedication time, information will be available'..
be available Irom personnel at Main Gate area.
Photo left: Ben Eaton, left, a carpenter, and supervisor Jack Kennlons stand by an exhibit .
case, Photo right: Painter Oscar WIlliams pauses with LTC Jim Bloodworth (ret)
;ooar d ':'
*, I h.
S......... .... -,,,=-.. v .,, v. I D l rlo--
A field artillery piece Is one of a collection of WWIi heaW equip-
ment on display. :
The coffin flag ofth first Camp Blandlng casualty hangs in the I_ _.in- th
.. Pho. S. G... ......... Mirabal, special. I
CAMP BLANDING MUSEUM AND
;orm contrasts the contemporary uni- -
left, and SSG Jim Hargis. Museum edal of Honor Winners IALPA
Medaaof.on r in..... OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR '
Medal of Honor recipients currently scheduled to attend include SATURDAY NOVEMBERI
Charles Coolidge (36th Infantry Division) .
;(Signal Mountain, Tennessee) 8 am Reception Center and division assembly areas open.
John Crews (63rd Infantry Division) 9 am. to5pm Open House
; (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma) There will be ving history (World War I) and modem military
Francis Currey (30th Infantry Division) exhibits and demonstrations all day. The useum and park will be
SI (Bonneau, South Carolina) open for visitors.
Walter Ehlers (1st Division)
(Buena Park, California) MEMORIALDEDICATIONS
Stephen Gregg (36th Infantry Division) :7
(Bayonne, New Jersey) 10 a.m German Cemetery
Gino Merli (st Infantry Division contingent on doctor's permis- i '.
Ssion) '; (At weapons display area Memorial Park)
IPeckville, Pennsylvania): (The remainder of the dedications will be at the appropriate
-it iti i tiA u vbt'iI., iticli we the ile lilstal year.
representatives of all nine "Blan- Camp Blanding. was selected
ding" divisions as well as many for the site of the museum and
Sthfler divisions, In addition, as memorial park because of its ties
Camp Blanding was the organiza- to the World War II era
tional "birthplace" of the 508th The camp was originally estab-
Parachute Infantry, veterans of lished as a state military training The museum seed a WWl barrack years ago. Memorial Park contaI co
that elite unit also plans to attend reservation for units of the Flori- '. dehlclol..
the weekends evenIs in some da NaliOnal Guard Ias pressed
numbers. into federal service and became a .
A number of nleinrinals iilll be major multl purpose Irining base
formally dedicated Ihat pekend for Ihe active Army. '
Included are inemorralt4 to the isl. Prior Io its conversion to an In-
24th. 301th, 36lh arfl IJrd ilfair fhanltr Relplcemnenlt Traminllg Cen- t.
divisions, the 50Jth Parachute In ter m late 19i3. dozens and doz-
'. fantry, purCe heart recipients, ens of complete Army uruts and
S The museum consists of hanging displays, artifact cases and Photo left: a memorial honors medal of honor winners. Photo right: members of the 202nd
Uniformed mannequins as well as retrospective glimpses of Heavy Repairs Battallon pose by the .C-47 "Sweet Thing" they restored as part of the
WWil. heavy equipment exhibitIon.
S , > .
." . y.' .' .: "
t~ 4 :r. ':-7-,'-
S.-.?". ..... 7 ': '" .... ".. .. < : ..
; : .i i , : .. :" .. -T :, ... .
U LIIUIIUlt I k l0%0I I%;1 11.0 1 %W%.0 I ias 6 ,6, 1 a A %0 %A a %W
World War II soldiers ..: I n
New museum, memorial park dedicated
"the Infantry. Replacement Train- several hundred thousand men The first floor of the museum
Special."":; :, ing Center, the Military Order of trained at Camp Blanding. building houses..an Interesting
i' he new Camp Blanding Museum the World Wars,. Florida's Regi- Included were a cavalry rei- and colorful series of visual exhib-
S ani d Memorial Parkf .the Second ments and medal of .onor win- ment, tank destroyer, field artil- its It contains artdacts and man-..
; World War will be dedicated the ners. 'leiy, engineer and medial battal- nequin displays honoring and d-
; ..weekend of Novem 24-25. The As very special guests, nine of ions, mny sepaate infantry regi- lustrating the history of Camp
". ceremonies include reunions and -the surviving fifteen recipients of. ments and nine complete infantry Blanding, the nine divisions wch
h honors. The following is an expla- the Medal of Honor from the nine divisions the 1st 29th 30th trained here, the' InfanLry Re-
; nation of-the events and a de- World War II Blanding Divisions 31st 36th, 43rd, 63rd, 6th and placement Traning Center and
.'":scriptioa-of-the facilities as sup- have accepted-our invitation to .- -. the war era in general both at
i- plied by the National Guard. attend the ceremonies surround- Veterans and families of most .hme and overseas.) i .
S' ing the dedication of. their divi of those units have confirmed : A work on heprojectsite has .
"Celebration, honor. : : lonal memorials.
brains honorsonal memorials. their intentions to attend the ded- been supervised by SgL Maj. Rod-
SThe original idea for selecting "- 7 .." .. ney Hall .in:.collaboraion with. .
November.25, 1990, as the dedi- Museum and Park i:.n. e onie. .Blanding Associates President
cation date for the Museum and The Camp Blanding Museum After World War 1, Camp Blan- James Bloodworth, Camp Blan-
Memorial Park at Camp Blanding and Memorial Park of.the Second ding reverted to state control and ding Post Commander, CoL James .
was to eomncide with the 50th an- World War is on a 13-acre site ad- is now a major training center, at, E. Rogers and Deputy Post Comr- "
Su mversary of the 1940 mobilization jacent to the main entrance to the tracing soldiers and units not mander Lt. CoL Kent Patelle. De- -. LTC Jim Bloodworth (ret), In.WWII unA
Sof the Florida National Guard..For. camp on State Road 16 between only from the United States, but sign and development of the te-. forms of 2LT Alan Wisley, second frol
-that reason, here"wil'ral9o be a JacksonvilleandStarke. worldwide. ;. : .rior museum haasbeen the re- .curator, SMG Rodney Hall looks on.
". formal reunion in St. Augustine of In addition to a two-story Visitors to the dedication cere-' sponsibility of Robert Hawk, cre- .. -
the Guard and non- iuard veter- building that is being converted mony can see the results of more actor of the project and depart- "
.;- ans of Florida's regiments and to a 3,000 square foot museum than two years of work on all mental Director of the Historical
others from the 31st Division, complex, the site includes a Flori- three parts by our small profes- Services and President of the '
S But.,'as Camp Blanding was da Regiments Memprial com- sional staff and hundreds of vol- Flonda National Guard Historical
also the training site for nine oth- memorating the men and units of unteers. Foundation. : F- "
er Arrny divisions and.of hun- the Florida National Guard that' 1..6
"dreds of thousands of infantry re- were mobilized in 1940, a Memo-
placements,, it was decided to rial Garden with displays honor-
makethe event national in scope ing each of the nine' divisions
by inviting veterans from those trained at Camp Blanding, the In-
other divisions and the IRTC. At. fantry Replacement Training Cen-
least two additional divisions, the ter, Medal of Honor' and Purple
30th and 66th, plan to have unit,. Heart recipients. '-
reunions that same weekend, in Phase Two of the' project in--.
Starke and Gainesville respective- cludes a, library,- archives and a'
_i period movie iths an4 is
Camp Blanaing memorial honors thosetwhojTougn, ; in World War II
CAMP BLANDING On a mid-November Sat- purpose*of'Lhe project. Sgt Ma). Rodney Hall, at
urday morning 50 years ago, I sat at a rough regis-. Blanding. ook-on the'responibility for the detailed ..s0eaker Sunday. He reminded his audience that,
tration.table here with six other ROTC seniors from design, development and actual construction of the' "Monuments are important, but remembrances as
nearby University of Florida. .. Bill Carey is media faciles ,. ,..- we have here today are even more so."
Our job was to start the paperwork for a horde of coordinator for The It was fortunate that in full support of Hawk and More than 50 veterans and patriotic organizations
young Florida draftees soon to be summoned for Bradenton Herald Hall there was Maj..Gen. Robert F. Ensslin, Jr., the participated in the dedication. Our local areawas
nmilitarm training and the greatest adventure of their a adjtant general of Florida. His vision and backing. represented by theBradenton Chapter of the Mill
lives. waster a:the.beginning and nevar.waivered.> .^.'! te y Order of World Wars and the Manasota Chap-
S.This mammoth army training base, in north Flor- -E.., ^ osslin proudly presided as master of ceremonies ; ter of American Ex--Psons of Wr.
' idea's Clay County near Starke, slowly was coming ILLAREY at the highlight program Sunday afternoon. He not- On Saturday individual monuments were dedicat-
Salive with fresh-faced inductees. e e day's ceremonies honored aul who sdierveda visions that trained at
'Now half-a-century later almost to the day formed a distinguished service! the Second World War, living and dead. And i, Blanding for WWII combat Monuments to Purple
I was back to join in a two-day dedication, Nov. ,' The Florida S .uad .Blanding Museum and His.-,broader sense we honor all whoever responded to H' Moal Medal Hon
S24-25, of the Camp Blanding Museum and Memori- tonri Assoc iates and FNG's Historical Foundation the call to arms to defend the liberties we all enjoy' i-s re ro.do one. ^ i.
al Park of the Second World War. banded together and pressed forward for more than. today," he said. Fo -six of the almost one million soldiers who
It was a most impressive event. It will preface two years to create the exhibits and environment' The 3,600 visitors witnessed a massing of colors. ,M da H -'OOle -.wee ware livi.
hundreds of 50 years later" WWII observances dedicated here. : by participating organizations, joined in the Pledge Medal os Heono r.'endy 14 o them de ti are i
around the world in the:next five years. Two days. ':- Hundreds, of individuals participated with time, 'o Allegiance and the National Anthem. a. wer ttt he tatin.
of mental flashbacks to my first registration duty talent and dollars to bring off the successful event. "' Te fly-by of Air Guard F-16s; and Apache Heli;:.' t as fittin that the first of many 50th anniver-
Iost near Blanding's main gate heightened the nos- There were two men, especially, who supplied thea-coptlrs from the A19th Aviation Group, was right '. sary obseance as'iated ih e, 'a Camoln WBldi
talgia. Some difference, then and now. twin-engined -thrust that made this November, on the money to the delight of active duty person- wa so clo r onal Guard.with tha Sonb d forl
SNational Guard movers and shakers, whose for- weekend fly. neL veterans, their families and visitors.' f federal service Naio n ard fie dads lter
bears formed the first armed militia in America in ''Robert Hawk, FNG's director of historical ser -' Retired Lt Gen. Robert Arter, a special consul-. federal service NMu 1eum, and five decades site'
St. Augustine in the 16th century, have again per- vices, came up with the concept, general design and tant to the secretary ofthe Army, was the principal .'ame to fruition. '. ,,': :; -.., .,;:,
"" ,,, -, -
P.O. BOX 10278
FSPA* tL 33679
FLORID TIN'S UNCll
M inoria honors .Guardsmen who fought in WW II
(From Page A-1) as younger relatives listened. And inside the
Museum, displays of authentic weapons, unl-
reminisced with friends who served with him in forms and documents led visitors through the
the 43rd Infantry Division. buildup of Camp Blanding, where an estimated
His friends said that while they all "got shot I million men were trained, to the conclusion of
up in the war, Julian got it the worst, at least the war.
bad enough to give him a ticket home." Forty-six soldiers who trained at Camp Blan-
"I lasted 20 days," said McRae of his unit's in- ding were awarded the Medal of Honor, and
vasloh in mid-January 1945 of Luzon, the main their names are engraved in a small memorial.
island In thePhilippines. : : Only 14 of them are living, and six of those at-
Armed with a ;Browning automatic rifle, he tended the park opening yesterday and gave
was guarding a ridge when he heard mortar fire.. autographs to children who eyed the blue-'
"I had just dug two shovels full of dirt, trying ribboned medals around their necks.
to dig;in, and that's where the mortar hit," he One recipient was Stephen R. Gregg; a techni-
Ssaid. "The concussion blew me In the air." ;., cal sergeant from Bayonne, N.J., who served
Shrapnel hit him in 27 places, he said. His left with the 36th Infantry Division in August 1944,
arm Is dotted with puckered indentations. when his unit fought in Prance.
A ioldler began dragging McRae from the ridge Gregg's' heroism Included efforts to help a
top.; medic reach seven wounded soldiers as he faced
"As they were pull ing me, a sniper tied to a German bullets and grenades. Gregg fired his
tree shot ise In the, leg," he said. "I hollered Browiing automatic rifle from the hip, shielding
that he was in the tre, and they cut him down. the nmedic who recovered each of the. wounded
They got him.".' ,. men. ,
That night, his unit was attacked In a Japanese However, Gregg and other veterans have
raid. ..: learned that the heroism and the history of
"'There' were bullets flying everywhere,"' he World War II are unknown to some of today's
S .- -,,l .>t '...t. said: "Where was I? I was in a hole trying to get schoolchildren. They hope the Camp Blanding
Paul Gonza'l 11, gets an autograph from under the medic.", museum and park will correct that.
Medal of Honor winner Charles Coolridge McRae aid he spent about seven months In a "I' have beep making speeches about the war
'following dedication of the Medal of Honor U.S. hospital recovering from the woundsc-then and, the Medal of Honor in the classroom,"
statue that honors all holders ol that award returned home to Starke. "I was a good talker, Gregg said. 'Theh ask me, seventh- and eighth-
who trained at Camp Blanding during World so I opened an Insurance business," he said... ,graders, if I won the medal in the lottery, or if
War II The statue was r1irllratpr vpe-taf ',. Th nris nqrfn ,4 ....... th aiv *"" iut Onr .
NA 25 is Victory Day for museum organizers
"by BE.iERLY FLEMING T "" .O .. ." "" 77 '7greverted to state control, and is now
November 25 will be a V (Vic- '. .- ,- f *-. 1 '. training soldiers and units from all
tory) day of sorts for Bob Hawk ..**i over the United States as well as
and Sergeant Major Rodney Hall. worldwide. .
Hawk and Hall are two of the Mo than two years of work
key personnel responsible for the have gone into the museum, ex-
creation of Camp Blanding 2, habits and grounds, and during the
Museum and Memorial Park of the next fiscal year, the research library
Second World War which will bea fL l and archives will be completed and
dedicated on that day. a small theatre added.
The concept, general design and QThe first floor of the museum
purpose was Hawks' idea. He is building will be an introduction to
Director of Historical Services at many of the colorful history of
the'State Arsenal. The master plan Camp Blanding with displays of ar-
for the detailed design, develop.- tifacts, mannequins, and exhibits.
ment, and construction was Adjacent to the museum building
provided by Hall. He also served as i '. s the Florida Regimental Memorial
the on-site supervisor and will con- with I ts statue and marble wall
tinue as facility director following Cimp Blanding as it appeared on a World War H era postcard, memorial inscribed with the names
the dedication. of all Florida Guardsmen who lost
The date chosen/for. the dedica- their lives in World War II.
tion also is significant in that it is Prior to its conversion to an In- lery, engineer and medical bat- The park is a large area contain-
the 50th anniversary of the fantry Replacemient Training Cen- talions, many separate infantry ing displays of weapons and
mobilization of the Florida Na- ter in late 1943, many complete regiments, and nine complete in- vehicles surrounding a lagoon and
.tiaonaL G fo-r serrv iceinV Worm Army units and several hundred fantry divisions- the Ist. 29th, landscaped gardens. Paths lead to
War II. thousand men trained at Camp 30th, 36th, 43rd. 63rd, 66th, and monuments for each of the nine
Several thousand veterans and Blanding, including a cavalry 79th. Army divisions, the Medal of
their wives, as well as the public, regiment, tank destroyer, field arti- After the war, Camp Banding continued on page 11_ ".
are expected toQattend the dedica-.
tion at the 13-acre site next to the" -B.
main entrance of the camp oS tated. P Blandlnga '
Road 16. on S.t- ".. .. cont. from page 10
Camp Blanding was originally Hono recipientsof those divisions. -
established as a state military train- the Infanr epcntry Replacement Tsaining ,
ing reservation for the Florida Na- Center, the Military Order of the
tional Guard. After mobilization of World Wars, the Purple Heart and o '
the Guard, Camp Blanding became former Prisoners i of ; War
a major multi-purpose training base monuments. .
for the active Army. 'The museum will not be con-
"sidered a success though, until
e very high school student in the "
state has spent one day at the site
sometime during the year. When
completed, their day at Blanding L
w.,will include._.a _visit q'6" ithe'
.. .. '. memorials; an interpretive tour of I
the museum, time spent in the park 'All -military ,posts;' chapters,
S examining the weapon and.vehicle' 'and : local groups':of military, :
collection up close, and after a pic-. veterans 'and patriotic 1or- ,
S... : nic lunch."watching 'a cartoon, -ganizations are Invited to par-
newsreel, short subject and movie, .;ticipate' in the',Camp 'Blahding
:. ll made during and-reflecig 'the, .Museum and Memorial Park
"".'interests'an'd mood -of 'the 'ar dedication. ..
Sears,"Hawk siid.', :'.:. I .:'.'. For detailed Information, con-
F For a complete schedule 'of tact the Camp Blanding Museum
-. : :-.events for the opening weekend. and Historical Associates at
contact t Hawk or Hall at the Camp Route 1, Box 465, Camp Bland-
S .: .Blanding Museum at 904).,533-. ing, Starke, Florida, 32091-9703
.. : : 3196. i or call 904-533-3196.
W IordlrII '... ,
to be.valuable "
By Susan P. Respess ..
That moth-eaten World War II Army uni-
form of Uncle Bob's that you keep in the ar-
tic may be worth some money.
But uniforms, insignia, medals, pins, caps.
shoes, helmets, documents and training
manuals from World War II often end up in
the trash, In a donation box or handed out
to children for play, said .Robert Monger. a
Westside resident who. deals in military
Monger specializes in gun repair and refin-
Ishing at his business, Action .Gun Repair
and Sales, 331 Parkridge Ave., Orange Park. I
'For the past areveiaLioqnths he has been
"helping fi.. l fnd
World IIl-era equipment, uniforms and
memorabilia for the Camp Blanding Museum e L I!
and Memorial Park of the Second World r "
The park and museum, on Florida 16 in
southwest Clay County, officially opened
Sunday with Monger's Items on display.
The rarest, he said, is a complete uniform
of a World War II Japanese soldier.
"Monger used his network of dealers and
collectors to find a Japanese backpack, can-
teen, helmet, cap, belt and amunmo pouch
1-that are displayed on a mannequin in the
'museum. He said he also spent 10 hours re-
"storing a Japanese gas mask that is flltted on
the mannequin's head. .
""The'belt is iri excellent shape," he sad.
"It cost $100, and the entire uniform and
equipment are probably worth $1,200."
Monger found the unopened-food boxes of
K-rations, Red. Cross worker buttons
and medals that are displayed in the muse-
.um. .. .-" -- .
"I started dut collecting military medals
because they were nice looking, -he said.
"Then I started dealing In the memorabilia." .
.Now he has l store full of it. .. : -"
S"'Sgt. Maj. Rodney Hall-,museuni'curator, '" -..
said Monger has been an asset to the muse- .
n because .he knows iw:t-d find rare ..- 1.
tems and acquire them im swaps. He bar- '
gained with sveril collectors before finding Frank Smith
a good price $150 for a set df three K '.Robert Monger stands beside the Japa- he donated and displayed on a manr
-ration meals.:':l" .. I nese 'army uniform from World War II quin it theCamp Blandingmuseum
.:Veterans and famlles of veterans also. .
a.ive orloxated i rotif equipment and docu- -.. .. .. .-,. -i .
ments ib the museum 'noughi;Hall said their unit signi ara chbd by achaii to an- dr e or oni nt "
,that the museumrlll be" ble to alternate 6ther pln'Btit .tie 6ne Monger has is from -,The collecior .bug also has bitten
&ilsplays'-frequit visitors will beable to ,the 31st Infantry Division, one of nine. that Zukauskas of NWest Palm Beach, Who
see differentitems .. trained p Camp Blanding '.. ,; played his privae.arsenal bf World WE-
"_''A lot of eole'di't realize 'hai military .Veterans or that division' recently .asked .weapons at Camp Blaiding on Sundaty,,
i:'iemorabia Is wrth.isome money," Monger; him to hane Wia price for the pin, but he.,ln the jnuseum and park's dedicationn.
saiid. y lstlthrow tw away.or give It hasn't sold it. i ". ? f4Zu ask a'slaild te wavdelighted to see
away. ,- .. .. d rather see. people bring the stuff they: historic ollectiori already at Camp Bland.
He kecentl found a sw'eeteart p"n' the ,find to me than throw it out," he said "I'm ':.But unlike Monger, Zukauskas said ht
pins soldiers gave to their girlfriends, moth- not an expert, but I know h lot.'We could srtictly h collector with no plans to deal
es, wives or sisters that Included a pin with .tell them what they have, buy It from them the memorabilia. -. ,, .:
" .": T .-.. .- '. - ...',. : .. :'., ; ,U --', : 'a -.. :,; ..
WWII back at Blanding
ini camp minuseum, park
By Susan P. Respess Hall said some Guard soldiers re-
Sma writer cently found one of the makeshift
Florida National officials ex- pieces of equipment on base wag-
visitors at the Camp Blan- on wheels and a piece of pipe assem-
: ding Museum and Memorial Park of bled to simulate a cannon.
the Second World War, which opens Authentic artillery pieces; tracked
to the public Saturday morning, vehicles; a restored ambulance from
A step inside the park and museum a mobile Army surgical hospital, or
is a step into 1940, when recruits in MASH; and a tank are among several
a hodgepodge of uniforms initially war relics on display in the park be
trained with broomsticks, stovepipes side the museum. Individual monu-
and World War I artillery pieces be- ments honor Medal of Honor recipe.
fore facing battle in World War n. ents and the units that trained at
About a million soldiers came to Camp Blanding.
Camp Blanding in Clay County in the The largest display is a C-47 air-
1940s, after the training site for the plane, with a new coat of olive drab .
* Florida National Guard was pressed paint and the broad black and white
into federal service as a primary stripes on its underbelly that marked
training base for/he Army and in- its type as an invasion plane in
fantry replacement troops. World War II.
Camp Blanding trained cavalry, ar- Inside the museum.- which has
tillery, tank, engineering and medical the pungent odor of canvas tents and .
battalions, and it also housed Ger- gear life-size displays of U.S., Ger-
man prisoners of war. After the war, man and Japanese soldiers, wearing
Camp Blanding returned to state combat uniforms and carrying weap-
control to train Guard units and oth- ons, take visitors through the buildup'
er reserve units of the armed forces. of the war.
The museum and 13-acre park Plans exist to have 1940s music
were built with state funds, federal playing, setting the mood for visitors
fnmds and private donations. It com-.-walking past old movie posters, ra-
memorates the mobilized Florida Na- tion books, ads for war bands, and
tional Guard troops, nine active movie star pinups and Sad Sack car-
Army divisions and a parachute regi- toons both featured in Yank, an
ment that trained there. A Army weekly magazine.
The park will be open from 9 a.m. One display tells of women's roles
to 5 p.m. Saturday and Sunday for in the Army and in wartime indus-
special events and an open house. tries.
After that weekend, regular hours Inside themuseum entrance is the
will be from 9 am. to 5 p.m. Tues- 4&star U.s. fla that draped the cof
day through Friday; 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. fin of Camp Blanding's first casualty.
Satda and I to 5 p.m. Sunday. private Ist Class Andrew L Johnson
"Some of the first soldiers wore ol- Jr of Jacksonville was killed '
ive drab coveralls or blue denim for ricocheting bullet I a training by a.
uniforms," said Sgt. Maor Rodney dent onthe post. -, Bob Self/
Hall, museum curator. "Most of the Sgt. Bob Hawk, director of histori- Lous Dolbow (left), one of the first troops sent to Camp Blandi
"wmith broomsticks for rifle A cal services for the Florida National In 1940, and Sgt. Bob Hawk of the Florda National Guard look
Ies .. f orm'ta 'W ei. Guard, said the museum and park,inames of World War II dead at the Florida Regiments Memorial.
".weapons and uniforms. And Ow are only the beginning .
shortage'rontinse d n Pei arlt i. Head othe Guard pclsl, also They also hope to build a small thea- .
bor" the941 apahese attack tt expect to operia library and research ter to show commercial motion plc-
Involved the Unitd StSate In World center next year, with documents tures arid cartoons, as well as mili-
War ,.. :" ,. ,. from the Army post and the war. tary footage from the 1940s
'1" ". ._r. " ": 1 '
S. Blan ding museum
Wrong d artmen de i to'ay
a Jobande n-^ W W I ___-,, -,- ,ay.._
-.- ,: : 1 ;
rso was credited With bea
ceather fior ,mp Blandiig's frmal dedi- The dedication of tte: lan
gavan invoation f Iss fnew m hanse sn'. -.- the Secortai .oi d Mepr I es place b
pa. Under loudles hanen s ,.. the ha li- 3 p;m td.ay t CamiBlanding, the
vit went, to nocao the weather v,- state training site for the Florida Na-
te t o G d for t he we ae ,and ne .- tional Guard. a- p .
Aner : ,. r The orfedral '-servJeGu
National Guar s
a p prompted some nervous .uh years ag today: Camp Blanding was
taom Oee~r Maj.f b,- F. o d r erter .al SIervicea
end r .o. -aruto nr visitors v a major Armny training post during
i laher sroid if abut 30 visitors. the war. Nine full infantry divisions,
chaplain about NI t alkedh/r tor : : b huidreds'of separate battalions and
chapraa boutthe weather about s ,'': regiments'.and otherspecialist units
*months ago. And he said, 'I'm in sales formed stand other.ecais i
not OD166tions'.,,i in !es, formed or trained there. ::.::.
"not w om e rtons" T6day;s ceremonies aare- open to.
... e. pe the public. 'Atll a:m::r toursof.the
S A..... museum and memorial park begin.-
*At 1:30 p.m. ohire will be a dedi-
cation of the Medal of Honor Memo-
Srial Park. .
At 3 p.m., the museum and m
morall park complex will be dedicat-
.. .... ..... ..... l... .... w.-:. :.:.. ,
.World War II museum 'dedicated
Camp Blanding plans CAMP BLANDING Army and National
weekend re-enactm ent guard veterans who trained at Camp Blanding
S"me' ere among 3,000 people at the dedication of
S BLANDING Visitors to Camp e base's World War IU museum and memorial
an BL- ADING Visitors to Camp pr .. -...' .. : .
S. g ts we ekend will get to see 30 me park's ld A aed me
and women re-enact a mobilization at the- The 13-acre park, called the Camp Blanding
U.S. Army training facility as it happened 50 ]Museum'and Memorial Park of the Second
years ago at the beginning of World War I. W..orld War,* Was dedicated Sunday to nine
The activities "vill culminate on Sunda Infantry divisions and Florida National Guard
with the dedication of the Cpa landing -. I. nits that fought in the war t .
Museum and Memorial Park of World War. il Color guards from 60 military and veterans
SSpeaker forthe dedication ceremonies Inlts flanked the meiIorial located rin Clay
will, be retir. rmy Gen. Robert Arter, P. County in northeastern Florlda:' .
pec consu tant to d e Secretary of the Jullan McRae of Starke said the memorial
SThe park is on a 13-ar ark made him feel wonderful .
1th ain entran. to the.ac reoste adjacent to S. i thought we were forgotten," he said, as he
moad l etwene toktsonv,-.an Stark .' A,,rem lnlsced with friends who served with him in
:,"oad 16 -twe-Jacksonvine dnd Starke. 0 "j, :, .
.. .. .. The museum houses displays of weapons,
uniforms and documents tracing Camp Bland-
S: g's buildup. An estimated 1 million men were
: -rained at the facility throughout the war.
5,000 visitors expected at weekend event
Camp Blanding World War II
Museum and Park set to open
The public is invited to attend and uniforms, recruits often trained
the opening of the Camp Blanding with broomsticks, stovepipes and
Museum and Memorial Park of World War I artillery pieces.
World War II this Saturday and Uniforms were also in short supply
Sunday. Hours will be from 9 a.m. in those early years prior to the
to 5 p.m. for the two-day open 1941 attack of the Japanese on
house during which special events Pearl Harbor.
are also planned. A number of war relics are on
The Florida National Guard display in the park beside the
expects -,O(T vsiOrs to visit t-e museum. Individual monuments
training site of about a million honor Medal of Honor recipients
soldiers during the 1940's Ope of and the units that trained at Camp
the largest primary training bases Blanding.
in the country, Camp Blanding
trained cavalry, artillery, tank, Sgt. Bob Hawk, director of
engineering and medical battalions, historical services for the Florida
and it also housed German National Park .looks on the
prisoners of war. museum and park as only the
The museum and 13-acre park beginning. In future plans are a
were built with state funds, federal library and research center and a
funds, and private donations. It small theater to show commercial
commemorates the mobilized motion pictures and cartoons, as
Florida National Guard troops, well as military footage from the
nine active Army divisions and a 1940's. .
.parachute regiment that trained: After this special weekend,
there. ; regular hours will be from 9 a.m. to'
Sgt. Major Rodney Hall is .5 p.m. Tuesday through Friday; 9
curator of the museum and he said ..m. to 1 p.m. Saturday and 1 to 5
.due to the shortages of weapons p.m. on Suiday.
Camp Blandig mseum, .
park schedule announced
From staff open weekdays, Tuesday through
The Camp Bianding Museum and Friday from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., on.
memorial Park of the Second Saturdays .from 8 a.m. to noon,
World War -will -begin. regular. and on Sundays from 1 p.m. to 5
opening hours for the public to- p.m. The park, with memorials to
. day. military units and displays of
The museum and park offer stat- tracked vehicles, ..an ambulance
ic displays of heavy equipment, and a C-47 cargo and paratroop
weapons; uniforms and other plane, is always open.
memorabilia of Florida. National The museum ;and 13-acre park
Guard regiments -actiiae"fore-t, are located Just inside the main
"World War II and the nine infantry entrance to .'Camp Blanding on
divisions that trained at Camp :. Florida 16. in southwest. Clay;
Blanding for combat duty in the County. .isitdrs can eiter; :the
war. :':park without going through the,.
The museum is free and will be.. Camp Blandin security post.k ::;
.-.---- f (Arrem rans
WWiimuseum, park deicatepark
dedicated at basicatepark
97CAMPBLANDING 4 Six _e p
winners'of the Congre'sional .
SMeal of Honor, -Army and CAMP BLANDING Hun-
National Guard veterans who dreds of US. Army :veterans who
".trained at Camp Blanding, trained, at Camp Blanding during
were among 3,000 people at World War II 'were. among 3,000
the dedication of the base's people who helped dedicate the
World War II museum and sprawling base's museum and me-
memorial park .,. orial Pa
"^ "P -. --" morial park. ,. :
The t 13-acre park,"called *.' Color guards from'.66 military
the C ap Blanding Museun and veterans units flanked the me-
and memorial Park of the moral, dedicated Sunday to Flori-
Second World ai, wasdedi-. da National Guard units that
S'cated Suday to nine infan- fou: nt
otry a dvisons and l jFrida In the museum are displays of
tion uard u weapnts, n forms and documents
,oug'h=_= t t.i' e war. .- ;. ""..v.e -"d "' '"
-ar .. .tia:ra.ing Camp Blanding's buildup.
.A An estimated I million men were
rairied 'here throughout the war.
Blanding serve ce appreciated
SEditor' 0. the generosity Of'tife ida Nation-
.The FloriNda'Jtifui.Lj js to al Guard, its representatives were
be commenidfi cfor the way in which "allowed to honor the German prison-
the ceremonies on November 24 and ers of war who died while in captiv-
25 were conducted at Camp Blan- ity at Camp Blanding.
ding. The museum and memorial The weekend of the ceremonies at
park not only commemorate and Camp Blanding coincided with Me-
honor the soldiers of the nine infan- moral Day in Germany when all the
try divisions who trained in Camp war dead are remembered, whether
Blanding, they also provide forceful they died on the battlefield,, in the
testimony about World War II, its concentration camps, in the air raids
victories, sacrifices and horrors to or as refugees.
the younger generations.. Alfred Nuesseu
The German American communi- German American Club
ty was deeply moved when, through St. Augustine
PICNIC AREA LIBRARY, ARCHIVES AND THEATER MUSEUM
Situated just beyond the exterior weap- State budget limitations have prevented AND
ons display and memorial park is a us from completing the original project
shaded and landscaped public picnic which included a library, archives and
area., While all the facilities are not yet in theater. Much material has been obtained MEMORIAL PARK
place, it remains an attractive and convi- for the facility and it is hoped sufficient
ent place to rest, relax and take a lunch or funds will be made available to enable us OF THE
snack break. This can be an especially to complete this important feature of the
attractive convince for school and veter- overall-facility. When complete, the sec- SECOND WORLD WAR
ans groups. ond flodr of the museum building will con-
tain a substantial library and archives of
LIIII --- -""-- the Second World War, available to schol-
S..tars and the general public.
0191IA A A -A--A
S ... The theater or video viewing room will
S- enable us to show newsreels, cartoons,
IN, special features and full-length movies
"made and released during the war. We
AMPA feel this particular feature of the facility will I:
be of very special value to visiting school
"1 groups and will be part of our educational
Outreach program now under develop-
SFor more information and to schedule
group visits, contact
EM Camp Blanding Museum CAMP BLENDING
and Memorial Park S Fori
Rt 1 P.O. Box 465
Starke, Florida 32091
(94) 533-3196 Weekdays 9-5 Weekends 1-5
CAMP BLENDING from the expected weapons and decora- EXTERIOR WEAPONS DISPLAYS
tions of the period to the personal me-
Originally established and currently serv- mentoes of both civilian and military life Distributed on concrete pads within the
ing as the state training center for the during the war. park area on either side of the large pond
Florida National Guard, Camp Blanding and fountain are a number of large weap-
was a major US Army training camp dur- There are numerous pictorial and infor- ons and vehicles associated with the Sec-
ing the Second World War. Nine full in- national displays throughout the mu- ond World War. Included are an ambu-
fantry divisions and numerous indepen- seum which highlight an incredibly wide lance, several artillery pieces, armoured
dent units passed through the camp on range of topics including military training, personnel carriers, amphibious vehicles,
their way to the great battlefields of the divisional histories, Pearl Harbor, rail- a truck, foreign weapons, a Sherman tank
Second World War. roads, pin-up girls, poetry, women at and a C-47 transport aircraft painted and
home and in the service, personalities, with the markings of an aircraft used be-
In 1987, thirteen acres including a World mail, V-for victory, heraldry, cartoons, tween June of 1944 and the end of the war
War II era barracks building adjacent to movies, private enterprise at war, bonds, to transport and deliver American para-
the main gate were formally set aside for blood drives, advertising; indeed displays chute infantry to their European battle-
development as the Camp Blanding Mu- which reflect the widest possible range of fields.
seum and Memorial Park of the Second experience associated with life during a
World War. The new facility was nation- total world war.
ally dedicated on the 25th of November.
1990, the fiftieth anniversary of the mobi- MEMORIALS
lization of Florida's National Guard for ,
"service during the Second World War. 1 Near the entrance to the park is the large
Sand beautiful memorial to Florida's regi-
MUSEUM ----- ments. Scattered in their individual loca-
"tions throughout the remainder of the
Contained on the first floor of the rehabil- park are the numerous memorials to the
itated barracks building, the museum is a Blanding divisions, the Medal of Honor,
unique introduction to the history of Camp Purple Heart, Infantry Replacement Train-
Blanding, the units that trained there and ing Center, Prisoners of War, the 508th
of the American experience in general, Parachute Infantry (formed at Camp
both civilian and military, during the most Blanding) and the Order of the World
profound and important event in our Wars. Six of the nine Blanding divisional
nation's history. (1st, 29th, 30th, 31st, 36th and 43rd Infan-
try Divisions) and all of the special memo-
Mannequin and artifact displays portray rials are already in place.
our fighting men and women, even our" l-_.
enemies, as they were. Artifacts range
CAMP LANDING MUSEUlV f
AND HISTORICAL ASSOCIATES, iNC.
Route 1, Box 465, CAMP 3LANCI;NG
Starke, Florida 32091-9703
TO HONOR VETERANS
Report of the Camp Blanding Dedication Planning Committee
Report of the Camp Blanding Dedication Planning Committee
Planning the dedication of tio Camp DLanding Museum and
Memorial Park was kin 18-mont.'A proco.3o. Successful conduct of the
dedication resulted from work 1by cores of volunteers, including
many members of the staffst of t.ho Florida National Guard Head-
quarters in St. fiuguutino 3nd the Camp Di-nding Training Site.
MoI Gon Robert F. Enso3lin, Jr., Adjutant General of Florida,
stated the purpose of the ceremony uwll: "Today we honor all who
served in the Second World War, living and dead; in a broader
sense we honor all who ever responded to the call to arms to
defend the liberties we :-l! enjoy today."
The ceremony focused public attention on the Camp Dlanding
Museum and Memorial Park as a resource center for information on
the history of World War II tith emphasis on the role of Camp
Blanding and the Florida National Guard.
The Camp Blandir:.4 Dod lc.titn fP hiring Cmmittee, which
coordinated this effort, expresi33os its appreciation to all those
individuals who so willingly contributed their time and expertise.
The Committee submits this report to provide a historical record
of the planning process and to assist researchers and planners of
future events of this kind.
Beginnings of the Effort
The dedication planning process had its genesis in the Camp
Blending Museum and Historical Associates, Inc., the non-profit
organization which was created to support the project. At its
organizational meeting 1 April 1989, members agreed that planning
the dedication as a significant public event was a major
organizational mission, along with assembling the World War II
artifacts and arranging their housing and display in the museum
and memorial park.
The concept of a committee to coordinate the dedication
planning was developed at a Board meeting 13 May 1989. CBM & HA
President Jim Bloodworth appointed MaJ Gen Stanford Smith (Ret.)
Chairman of the Dedication Planning Committee.
At the next Board meeting 29 July 1909, the Committee Chair-
man recommended, and the Board approved, that the dedication
program begin with a "Massing of the Colors. This type of
ceremony, developed by the Military Order of the World Wars,
affords veterans and other patriotic organizations the opportunity
to participate in the program and receive public recognition.
The Chairman also suggested that the committee meet regularly
and develop detailed plans as early .; possible to facilitate
review by the Camp Blanding Commander and the Adjutant General and
their staffs. To start the committee work, MaJ Gon Joan Trahin
(Rot.) and Lt Col Charles Pease (Ret.) agreed to serve as members,
along with Lt Col Dloodworth and SGM Rodney Hall, Museum Curator.
It was understood that other members would be added as work
Chronology of Events
The original committee members bogan discussions within the
National Guard and with representatives of veterans organizations,
especially the major units which had trained at Camp Blanding
(nine Army divisions and the 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment).
They received expressions of enthusiastic interest. From its
inception the committee determined to make the dedication a
After a brief summer hiatus, the committee began its program
of regular meetings to make decisions, formulate recommendations
and establish time-tables for the planning process. From that
time the work proceeded with deliberate speed. Major events were
the committee meetings but many other consultations took place in
the following sequence of events.
14 October 1989 -- The committee held its first formal
meeting at Camp Blanding and reviewed assignments which had been
given to members in advance by the Chairman. Lt Col Charles Pease
began preparation of a list of chapters and posts of veterans and
other patriotic organizations to be invited to participate in the
"Massing of the Colors." The Chairman agreed to start the process
of preparing a list of distinguished guests to be invited to the
ceremony. Committee members walked over the area and tentatively
selected a site and layout for the ceremony proposed by President
Dloodworth noar the Camp Blanding Main Gate. This site was
ultimately adopted. Bob Hawk, Lt Col Richard Moss and Millard 3.
Rigdon were added to the committee.
18 November 1989 -- At its second meeting, Col Harry
Hatcher joined the committee. At this meeting the committee
recommended that the Governor invite President Bush as the
dedication speaker, the invitation to be extended after Maj Gen
Smith and Maj Gen Ensslin discussed this with Lt Gen Robert Arter
who is the coordinator of the national commemorations of the 50th
anniversary of events surrounding World War II, a program that
will last about five years.
The committee also formally designated 3:00 p.m. Sunday, 25
November 1990, as the time of the dedication program. This is the
50th anniversary of the date of mobilization of the Florida
National Guard for World War II. The committee also agreed to
prepare a simple explanation of "What Is a Massing of the Colors?"
for the information of organizations invited to participate. At
this meeting the committee began review of tentative protocol
guest lists and asked for additional participation in the
committee work by Camp Blanding staff sections.
Following this meeting, Gonoral Smith began the process of
liaison with the Department of Defense agency responsible for
coordinating World War II anniversary events. He visited Lt Gen
Arter to give a preliminary briefing on the Camp Blanding project,
anticipating a meeting in January with Maj Gen Ensslin and
20 January 1939 -- The committee met again at Camp Blanding
with now members of the committee including Frank Towers, Robert
C. Foster and Larry Nichols. Col Carl Swindull, Chief of Staff .of
the Florida National Guard, participated in this meeting and
continued to be an active participant for the remainder of the
committoo's work. Col Swindull confirmed the Adjutant General's
determination that we have a highly professional museum and
memorial park and a dedication ceremony recognized as a major
national event. General Smith reported that he and General
Ensslin would meet with General Arter at the Pentagon later that
month. He distributed copies of the flyer describing the "Massing
of the Colors" to be sent to all organizations invited to
participate. CA copy is attached to minutes of this meeting
included at Tab A.3
At this meeting the suggested protocol lists were reviewed
further and plans were initiated to support the VIP guests and
arrange other base operations support including parking areas,
shuttle transport, assembly areas and medical support. These
topics were set down for further committee work later.
31 January 1990 -- General Ensslin and General Smith met
with Lt Gen Arter at the Pentagon. Maj Gen Ensslin gave General
Arter an attractive loose-leaf book with pictures of the project.
General Arter agreed to assist us in arranging a dedication
speaker. Attendance by President Bush would depend on his
schedule at that time. It was agreed that the Adjutant General
would invite the Secretary of the Army also, and we would have
further consultations later with General Arter. The Governor of
Florida will extend the invitation to the President. lIt turned
out the President was visiting U.S. forces deployed in the Middle
East at the time of the dedication, and he expressed his regrets
to the Governor.]
24 February 1y 0 -- This meeting, nine months before the
dedication ceremony, was a watershed session. Maj Gen Ensslin
participated in the meeting at which the Chairman introduced a
two-page "Items for Coordination" sheet which he had prepared in
collaboration with Col Swindull. It was intended to provide a
method of checking on the status of all planning details with each
responsible individual. It would provide a major part of the
agenda for all future committee meetings. LA copy is attached to
minutes of the 24 February 1990 meeting. It was revised as needed
throughout the remainder of the planning process.]
7 April 1930 -- The committee met again at Camp Blanding.
The chairman reported that the Governor's letter of invitation to
President Bush had been sent but through error a portfolio of
photographs and narrative about the project had not been included.
General Ensolin asked General Smith to deliver the packet to
Washington and ask General Arter to get it to the White House with
an explanatory note. [General Smith accomplished this the
following week.] At this meeting the committee reviewed workload
requirements for the week of the dedication. Consensus was that
unite would be needed for Public Affairs, Medical, Military
Police, Communications and Air Traffic Control. Lt Col Ken
Potollo, Deputy Post Commander of Camp Blanding and Training Site
Manager, will incorporate all these requirements into his
operations plan, along with other requirements such as food
service, parking and traffic flow.
The committee recommended that Memorial Day (28 May) be used
an an occasion for a brief wreath- laying ceremony and press
conference to make official public announcement of the project and
the dedication ceremony. [The Adjutant General subsequently
approved this recommendation.]
28_ May 193Q -- As planned, the committee met on the morning
of Memorial Day, 28 May 1990, before the wreath-laying ceremony in
the afternoon. More planning details began falling into place.
General Smith reported further coordination with the office of
General Arter at the Pentagon and that the dedication project
portfolio had been delivered to the White House. A Newsletter
published in May had brought positive reaction in the form of new
memberships and expressions of interest in the dedication program.
The Military Order of the World Wars had collected sufficient
funds for its monument in the Memorial Park. A monument to
recognize the Infantry Replacement Training Center also was
planned. The Chairman presented a draft VIP invitation and
accompanying parking permit. The VIP guest lists were being
worked on by the Chairman and Bob Hawk for further review by the
Adjutant General. The Items for Coordination list was again
reviewed in detail. The wreath-laying ceremony in the afternoon
was a success with a crowd of more than 300 to see the ceremony
and hear remarks by General Ensslin and General Smith. [The
printed program is included herein at Tab B.3
13 July 1990 -- The committee met at the Mark Lance
National Guard Armory in St. Augustine with many members of the
National Guard Headquarters staff participating along with members
of the committee, including now members Lt Col Peter G. Straub and
Col Carlton Smith. General Smith presented a draft program which
was reviewed and several modifications made. Col Swindull then
led the group through detailed discussions of each.item on the
"Items for Coordination" list. Lt Col Petelle presented a
detailed Support Plan, including documentation and sketch maps of
areas critical to the dedication ceremony, public parking, static
displays, the museum and the memorial park. Copies were
distributed. [A copy is appended herein at Tab C.3 It was agreed
that separate dedications of individual monuments could be held on
Saturday, 24 November, with Sunday, 25 November, reserved for the
principal dedication program. A detailed Saturday schedule would
be prepared based on requests of individual units and
24 Afugot 19)O -- The committee met again at
National Guard Armory in St. Augustine. Plans fo
the Colors" were finalized through a "template" st
Chairman to designate the area from which posts ai
veterans and other patriotic organizations would I
individual invitations. It was understood that ai
that dooired to participate with flags would be wE
practical cost, distance and other considerations
limitation on the number of individual invitations
template, the committee estimated the number of pa
organizations would be well within the number which
individual recognition in the time available. The
discussed invitations to holders of the Medal of H
major units which trained at Camp Blanding. It wa
they would be extended VIP invitations but further
needed to raise funds to cover their expenses. Col
led the group through review of all the "Items for'
list with no major problems noted.
21 September 1990 -- The committee met at the
National Guard Armory in St. Augustine. General Sn
his revised format and mock-up of the printed Dedic
and reported that a special edition of the tabloid
Landing Bugle, would be published to include artic
historical nature along with program material as a
souvenir for those who attend the ceremony. Lt Col
that "Massing of the Colors" invitations had been m.
invitations were scheduled for mailing the following:
Sponsors wore being sought for Medal of Honor recipe.
all their expenses. Bob Hawk and SGT Belanger were
reenactments to be staged on dedication week-end. 1
learned that President Bush would be visiting troops
East on the week-end of our dedication. Lt Gen Artc
indicated he will attend. The committee considers i
appropriate substitute speaker for the President boc
national stature and role in the national program.
Coordination" list was reviewed again in detail. Di
reunions and/or monument dedications for Saturday, 2
were still uncertain. President Bloodworth and SGM
continued progress in assembly of artifacts and cont
the museum itself.
19 October 190 -- The committee mot at Camp Bl1
an attendance of 47 persons including key staff perec
National Guard Headquarters and Camp Blanding. Maj (
participated and commended all who had been working <
project to gain the national standing that it deserve%
General Smith confirmed that Lt Gen Arter will be thc.
speaker. Bob Hawk reported that all Florida regiment
well represented, and all major units that trained at
Blanding will be represented. Separate buildings on
be assigned as assembly points for each of the major
organizations. National Guard reenactors will present kits and
serve in a variety of ways. Monument erection was on scheduilo
with at least 11 in place by dedication date. Detailed plans for
individual escorts for visiting dignitaries referred to as "Supor
VIP's" were formulated. CSM Crosby reported eight Medal of Honor
recipients had accepted tentatively. The"Items for Coordination"
list was reviewed for the last time in a formal committee meeting.
General Smith announced that he and Lt Col Pease would be at Camp
Landing beginning Tuesday, 20 November, to assist with any
last-minute issues. He asked that volunteer members of the
committee contact him and make themselves available as needed
beginning Friday,23 November 1990. General Smith expressed
appreciation to all for their strong support over the past 18
months. He anticipated that success of the dedication program
will reflect the result of their hard work and dedication to the
The Dedication Ceremony
Everything, including the weather, fell into place to assure
a successful dedication of the Camp Blanding Museum and Memorial
Park. The weather was nearly perfect for the three days that saw
more than 3,000 persons in attendance. All the planning work paid
off as events went like clockwork.
The visitors began arriving on Friday, 23 November,
especially veterans of the major Army units that had trained at
Camp' Blanding. They set up numerous mementoes in the buildings
assigned to them. National Guard members completed the physical
arrangements of the post, including the platform, bleachers for
the audience, parking lot markings, building identifications and
traffic flow patterns. General Smith and Lt Col Pease
participated in meetings with the staffs and set up a committee
headquarters adjacent to the Camp Blanding Post commander's
office. They prepared a detailed time schedule for the main
ceremony and reviewed it with each appropriate staff section.
Events of Saturday, 24 November, followed the planned
schedule with individual monument dedication ceremonies every hour
beginning at 10:00 a.m. In order, these were the German-Amorican
Club, Florida Regimental Memorial, 1st Infantry Division, Purple
Heart Medal Holders, 30th Infantry Division, 29th Infantry Divisi-
on, Military Order of the World Wars and 43rd Infantry Division.
On Saturday evening, Florida National Guard veterans held a
reunion dinner at the Ponce de Leon Hotel in St. Augustine with
the 31st Infantry Division as host organization.
Six holders of the Medal of Honor were received as distin-
guished Visitors, each with an individual escort. Other
distinguished visitors also had individual escorts who showed them
the museum and memorial park area and escorted them to events and
places of their choice.
The formal dedication ceremony on Sunday, 25 November,
followed the schedule as printed and according to the time-table
worked out in advance. So closely did the program follow the
schedule that the fly-by of aircraft arrived within 30 seconds of
the last words spoken from the podium. [The printed program is
attached as Tab D along with the detailed time-table, the script
for the entire program and text of the speech by Lt Gen Artor.1
In appreciation for the outstanding work of Rodnoy Hall,
curator of the museum, the Dedication Planning Committee surprised
him with a gift presented by General Smith at the conclusion of
the program. The gift was a replica of the monument of the
soldier centerpiece of the Florida Regimental Memorial. The
committee also gave him a "blower" which members knew he wanted to
help maintain his lawn.
The dedication ceremony took place on SGM Rodney Hall's
birthday. When General Smith announced this as he presented the
gift, the 3000 members of the audience spontaneously responded by
singing "Happy Birthday" to him.
The Adjutant General expressed appreciation to the committee
for its work which led to success of the event. In its turn, the
committee expresses its appreciation for the opportunity to
participate in this meaningful patriotic project.
THE DEDICATION PLANNING COMMITTEE
Maj Gen Stanford Smith (Ret.)
Lt Col James F. Bloodworth Lt Col Robert C. Foster
SGM Rodney C. Hall Col Harry Hatcher
Mr. Robert Hawk Lt Col Charles M. Pease
SFC Millard G. Rigdon Col Carlton Smith
Lt Col Peter G. Straub Mr. Frank W. Towers
(along with members of the National Guard Headquarters and Camp
Blanding staffs as ex officio members)
Submitted 19 January 1991
THE CAMP BLENDING MEMORIAL
LIBRARY, ARCHIVES AND THEATER
SECOND WORLD WAR
Conceived in 1988, the Camp Blanding Museum and Memorial Park of the Second
World War was dedicated in a national ceremony during November, 1990 as part of the
celebrations associated with the fiftieth anniversary of the 1940 mobilization of Florida's
National Guard for war service. The facility commemorates the service of the Florida
National Guard, the nine infantry divisions that trained there and the hundreds of thousands
of individual soldiers who passed through the Camp's infantry replacement training
program. In the museum, the whole range of the war-era experience, both civilian and
military, is displayed.
From the beginning, we visualized a facility of special importance to new generations
of Americans, not just the veterans of that monumental world war. Not only did we include
museum displays specifically designed for the non-military as well as the veteran visitor,
but included a library, archives and theater in our original plans for the complex. These
will be of interest and educational importance to the general public, scholars and, most
importantly, new generations of school children. (We won't feel our work is successful
until every school child in the state of Florida spends at least one day at Camp Blanding
sometime during their school career).
As planned, a typical one day visit by a bus-load of school children would include a
guided tour of the museum, an exploration of the memorials and weapons displays in the
park, a picnic lunch and a couple of hours in the theater watching cartoons, newsreels,
special features and regular movies of the World War II era. This total exposure to the
widest possible range of wartime life would give students, and the general public, a unique
view of a time important in our nation's history but now long past.
The library, archives and theater will be located in the second floor of our museum
building. Eventually, we hope to add a dedicated primary archives storage building and
to reconstruct, on the original site but on a smaller scale, the World War II camp theater
which once existed adjacent to our present park.
A large number of books have been published about the Second World War. Our
library will house a substantial collection of these books. Already many are in our
possession and even more have been promised, especially those of a popular nature.
However, many of the basic reference and scholarly works will need to be purchased.
Although similar collections exist at large state universities, they are scattered throughout
great libraries and not readily available to the general public.
Potential archival resources on the Second World War are vast. In addition to
photographs, unit histories and materials generally available to the public, there are
repositories, including the closets and footlockers of thousands of veterans, filled with
valuable archival material that only need a proper home to be rescued and saved for future
generations. Again, some of this material exists in libraries and museums scattered
throughout the country but rarely open and available to the general public.
As part of our collecting plan, we would focus first on Camp Blanding and the units
and individuals who trained here. But this would not limit our willingness to collect and
care for materials associated with the war from any veteran of any of America's armed
forces. Especially for Florida veterans, this migh become the principle repository of
information and archival material associated with the war's experience, on land, sea and
in the air. Letters, diaries, literary memorabilia, movies, music, photographs and other
material could be deposited here with the surety it will be properly cared for.
Fortunately, current technology has allowed even the rarest of films and documenta-
ries to be transferred to video tape for general usage. It is now possible to otain easily
stored and relatively inexpensive tapes of wartime cartoons, newsreels, short subject and
feature length films. In addition, combat photography, special documentaries, training
films and even private "home" movies can be easily transferred to video for storage and
In the theater, special programs can be designed and presented tailored to the needs
and interests of each visiting group. Veterans might like to see a collection of material
associated with their unit, branch of service or theater of operations. General visitors might
enjoy a selection of cartoons or newsreels and a feature film. Educators might request a
special selection of visual materials specifically tailored to the learning needs of their
students at that particular time. (And return the next year for another selection; ..and
CAPITAL EXPENDITURE NEEDS
Unfortunately, we live in a time of constricted state budgets and limited funding
priorities. At this time (May 1991), there is even some considerable doubt the state will
fund the completion of our building's interior spaces on the second floor where the library
is to be housed. There is NO money for equipping or staffing the facility, nor for the archival
storage and theater buildings or even the elevator we need for enabling disabled persons
access to the second floor. Of course, none of the special video, microfilm and photog-
raphy equipment, books, furniture, shelving and cataloging materials are available from
state sources for the foreseeable future.
We need at least one professional librarian/archivist to organize and operate the facility.
Hopefully, volunteers from one of our support organizations will provide the extra assis-
tance necessary to operate the public and educational programs and help with the
outreach programs. (See below).
We will need some funding support on a long term basis to continue purchasing items
for the collection and to fund the public, especially educationally-oriented outreach
programs. Preparation of materials, publications and other materials will be necessary to
make our various programs successful and state funding is not available for such functions.
GRANTS AND FOUNDATIONS
There are limited funds potentially available from state and private sources for special
programs. Also, we have two .dedicated historical foundations, the Camp Blanding
Historical and Museum Associates and the Florida National Guard Historical Foundation,
which can provide very limited financial and personnel support for our various activities.
But public grant sources are both limited and unreliable and our support organizations,
especially the FNGHF, have many project priorities, only one of which is the Camp Blanding
BEST CASE SCENARIO 1991-1993
Usted below are those objectives we plan to pursue during the next biennium. With
adequate funding, we will accomplish all our goals. We less than adequate funding, we
will accomplish as many as is humanly possible.
...Complete the second floor interior of the museum/library building
...Add the elevator
...Construct a primary archival storage building adjacent to the library
...Reconstruct the Camp Theater
...Purchase all the basic furnishings for the library
...Obtain the equipment needed for creating, processing, storing, viewing and printing
...Purchase videos and video viewing equipment
...Obtain techincal equipment needed to copy and print photographic materials
...Obtain a photocopying machine of sufficient capacity and operating flexibility to meet
all our library and archival needs
...Identify and purchase basic reference materials for the collection
...Obtain sophisticated word processor/desk top publishing equipment for the prepa-
ration of printed materials of all types and uses
...Establish a public solicitation program to obtain books, photographs, archival
materials and related items
...Establish an endowment to ensure continuity of all equipment, resources, public and
educational programs and personnel needs
...Organize a volunteer program
...Write and publish a series of booklets and brochures about our facility and its many
programs for public distribution
...Create and implement a public relations program with the state school system,
tourist agencies, veterans groups and professional historical scholars
...Initiate fund raising activities through our support foundations for specific and
otherwise underfunded features of our various programs
NOTE: If an organization should come forth willing to provide substantial and ongoing
funding for our project, we are not adverse to naming the library, archives and theater
facility in their honor.
We have created an utterly unique facility with considerable actual and potential
commemorative and educational value to our community, state and nation. With even
relatively modest financial support, the Camp Blanding Museum, Library and Memorial
Park of the Second World War could become one of the most important and functional
historical facilities associated with America's World War II experience in the country. As
we are now in the midst of the national 50th anniversary commemoration of those war
years, it would be particularly fitting to complete our project at this time.
We solicit your participation.