• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Copyright
 Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Florida state depositories
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 Unit narratives and casualty day...
 Compilation of information and...






Title: Second world war unit historical summaries
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00047654/00001
 Material Information
Title: Second world war unit historical summaries
Series Title: Special archives publication
Alternate Title: Unit summary histories
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Picken, Jack L
Florida -- Dept. of Military Affairs
Publisher: Florida Dept. of Military Affairs, State Arsenal
Place of Publication: St. Augustine Fla
Publication Date: [1991?]-
 Subjects
Subject: World War, 1939-1945 -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by Jack L. Picken.
General Note: "Copyright Jack L. Picken and the Florida National Guard Historical Foundation Inc."
General Note: Cover title: Unit summary histories.
Funding: The Florida National Guard's Special Archives Publications was digitized, in part by volunteers, in honor of Floridians serving both Floridians in disaster response and recovery here at home and the nation oversees.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00047654
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Florida National Guard
Holding Location: Florida National Guard, St. Augustine Barracks
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the Florida National Guard. Digitized with permission.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001691870
oclc - 24876480
notis - AJA3941

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Front Cover
        Cover
    Front Matter
        Front Matter
    Florida state depositories
        Unnumbered ( 4 )
    Title Page
        Title
    Table of Contents
        Contents
    Introduction
        Page 1
    Unit narratives and casualty day by day figures for the nine infantry divisions that trained at Camp Blanding
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
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        Page 58
        Page 59
    Compilation of information and statistics relating to US Army casualties during the Second World War
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
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Full Text



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FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AFFAIRS

FLORIDA NATIONAL GUARD





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Special Ardlives
Publication Number

120
UNIT SUMMARY HISTORIES
NINE BLENDING DIVISIONS
WORLD WAR II


State Arsenal
St. Francis
BarraGks
St. Atugustin6,
Florida














STATE OF FLORIDA
DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AFFAIRS
OFFICE OF THE ADJUTANT OGNERAL



POST OFFICE BOX 1008
STATE ARSENAL. ST. AUGUSTINE
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The special Archives Publication Series of the Historical
Services Division are produced as a service to Florida
communities, historians, and to any other individuals, historical
or geneological societies, and national or regional governmental
agencies which find the information contained herein of use or
value.

At present, only a very limited number of copies of these
publications are produced and are provided to certain state and
national historical record repositories at no charge. Any
remaining copies are provided to interested parties on a first
come, first served basis. It is hoped these publications will
soon be reproduced and made available to a wider public through
the efforts of the Florida National Guard Historical Foundation
Inc.

Information about the series is available from the Historical
Services Division, Department of Military Affairs, State Arsenal,
St. Augustine, Florida.


Robert Hawk
Director










FLORIDA STATE DEPOSITORIES

State documents are distributed to the following depository libraries and are available
to Florida citizens for use either in the libraries or on interlibrary loan, subject to
each library's regulations. An asterisk (*) indicates libraries that are obligated to
give interlibrary loan service. Requests should be directed to the nearest .'epository.

Bay County Public Library (1968) *State Library of Florida (1968)
25 West Government Street Documents Section
Panama City, Florida 32402 R. A. Gray Building
Tallahassee, Florida 323 9-0250
Bay Vista Campus Library (1982)
Documents Department Stetson University (1968)
Florida International University Dupont-Ball Library
North Miami, Florida 33181 Deland, Florida 32720-3769

Broward County Division of Libraries (1968) Jacksonville University (1968)
100 South Andrews Avenue Carl S. Swisher Library
Fort Lauderdale, Florida 33301 University Blvd., North
Jacksonville, Florida 32211
Cocoa Public Library (1968)
430 Delannoy Avenue *Tampa-Hillsborough County Public (1961
Cocoa, Florida 32922 Library System
900 North Ashley Street
*Florida Atlantic University (1968) Tampa, Florida 33602
Library
P. O. Box 3092 ... *University of Central Florida (1968)
Boca Raton, Florida 33431 Library
... Post Office Box 25000
*Florida International University (1971) Orlando, Florida 32816-0666
Documents Section
Tamiami Campus Library Tamiami Trail *University of Florida Library (1968)
Miami, Florida 33199 ..Documents Department
:Gainesville, Florida 32611
*Florida State University Library (1968)
Documents Maps Division *University of Miami Library (1968)
Tallahassee, Florida 32306 Gov't Publications
P. O. Box 248214
*Jacksonville Public Library (1968) Coral Gables, Florida 33124
122 North Ocean Street
Jacksonville, Florida 32202 *University of North Florida Library
Documents Division
*Miami-Dade Public Library (1968) Post Office Box 17605
101 West Flagler Street Jacksonville, Florida 32216
Miami, Florida 33130-1504
*University of South Florida (1968)
*Ocala Public Library (1972) Library Special Collections
15 Southeast Osceola Avenue 4204 Fowler Avenue
Ocala, Florida 32671 Tampa, Florida 33620

Orange County Library District (1968) University of West Florida (1968)
101 East Central Boulevard Documents John Pace Library
Orlando, Florida 32801 Pensacola, Florida 32514-5750
St. Petersburg Public Library (1968) West Palm Beah Public Library (196
West Palm Beach Public Library (1968
3745 Ninth Avenue, North00 Cl
St. Petersburg, Florida 33713
St. Petersburg, Florda 33713 West Palm Beach, Florida 33401

Rev. 1-7-89












SECOND WORLD WAR



UNIT HISTORICAL SUMMARIES






By Jack L. Picken





Vol. 6
Nine Camp Blanding
Infantry Divisions




Copyright
Jack L. Picken
and
The Florida National Guard Historical Foundation Inc.












CONTENTS


PART

Unit narratives and casualty day by day figures for the nine Infantry Divisions that
trained at Camp Blanding.

(The 1st, 29th, 30th, 31st, 36th, 43rd, 63rd, 66th, and 79th Infantry Divisions)

NOTE: Day by day casualty information is not available for the 1st Infantry Division.

PART II

Compilation of information and statistics relating to US Army casualties during the
Second World War.








INTRODUCTION


The information in all the Summary Unit Histories was compiled by Jack L. Picken of
Waterloo, Iowa. He is an amateur historian who has made the research and study of
American combat units in the wars of the twentieth century his life's work. These
summaries were sent to us as part of his contribution to the establishment of the Camp
Blanding Museum and Memorial Park of the Second World War.

Some of the material was extracted from the standard works on US units listed below.
But there is considerable information contained in these pages that is the result of dogged
research in original records, especially the detailed information concerning unit casualties
and decorations awarded. The statistics on day to day casualties Mr. Picken has
researched for most combat units is absolutely unique and available in this form in no other
source. (His statistics on casualties are more accurate than those available from normal.
official sources!)

There are some gaps in the information available and some "fine tuning" yet to be
accomplished but eventually we hope to put this material on a computer and publish it in
a more complete and professional manner. Until then these photocopied compilations will
meet the immediate needs of all those interested in the incredible history of America's
soldiers, airmen and marines during the Second World War.



Robert Hawk
Department of Military
Affairs
St. Augustine, Florida
1991



RESOURCES

Army Almanac (1950)
Committee on Veterans Affairs; Medal of Honor Recipients 1863-1978
Fighting Divisions; Kahn, Ely J. and McLemore, Henry
Library, US Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania
University of Iowa; Army Divisional Combat Narratives, World War II (Archives)
Other public and private standard informational sources and institutions were con-
sulted as necessary



















1ST INFANTRY DIVISION "The Big Red One"

Regular Army
Activated--8 June 1917
Battle Credits, World War II: Algeria Tunisia Sicily Normandy
Northern France-Belgium Siegfried Line Ardennes
Days In Combat-443 Rhineland Ruhr Pocket Central Europe
Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Terry M. Allen August 1942-July 1943
Maj-Gen Clarence R. Huebner July 1943-December 1944
Maj-Gen Clift Andrus December 1944-August 1946

Combat Chronicle: The 1st Infantry Division, also known as the "Fighting First", has
an outstanding record not only in World War I, when it was the first American division
to fire upon the enemy and to also launch a major attack, but also, in World War II,
when it was one of the first U.S. divisions to do battle with the enemy in North Africa.
The Fighting First got off to an early start when, after amphibious training in the
United States and England, the division stormed ashore in Algeria, North Africa, on
8 November 1942. The 16th and 18th Infantry Regiments went ashore east of Oran, while
the 26th Infantry Regiment landed at Les Andalouses. Oran was entered on 10 November.
The French offered some fierce resistance, until a cease-fire was reached on the llth.
In Tunisia, the 18th Infantry went into action with the British at Djebel el Ahmera,
while the 26th Infantry cleared the Ouseltia Valley by 25 January 1943. The Americans
then sustained heavy losses at Kasserine Pass, 14-21 February 1943, before the Germans
were finally forced to withdraw.
The 1st attacked as a concentrated whole division for the first time on 16 March 1943,
east of El Guettar, and took Gafsa in a driving rainstorm. Two strong German counter-
attacks were contained on 23 March. The 1st then took Sakket, 3 April 1943, but further
offensive movement down the Gabes road was stopped, 5 April 1943.
The 1st relieved the British 4th Infantry Division near Beja, 16 April, and attacked
on 22 April 1943, along the Medjez el Bab-Tunis highway. Bitter and heavy fighting en-
sued as the 18th Infantry took Hill 407, and the 26th Infantry Regiment cleared Hill 575.
The 26th Infantry next reached Djebel el Anz against strong German resistance on 28 Ap-
ril. These attacks were in conjunction with the 34th Infantry Division's assault on the
key enemy bastion of Hill 609. On 29 April 1943, the 1st began its attack on Hill 523.
As enemy defenses began to crumble, the 1st advanced toward Mateur, and took it on 9
May 1943. By the 13th, the war was over for the Germans and Italians in North Africa,
and many thousands of prisoners were taken. The 1st lost 794 men in North Africa.
The lst's second amphibious assault of the war was at Gela, Sicily, on 10 July 1943.
The Hermann GSring Panzer and Italian Livorno Infantry Divisions launched strong attacks,
trying to push the Americans back into the sea. However, the 1st was aided by two Ran-
ger battalions, by some tanks from the 2nd Armored Division which had managed to reach
shore, and by naval gunfire against the advancing enemy, who was beaten back with heavy
losses.







In 37 days, the Big Red One took 18 cities and towns, inching its way up cliffs and
along torturous mountain trails. The 1st seized the Salso River crossings, east of
Caltanissetta, and repelled a German counterattack at Gangi, on 25 July 1943.
The Ist's toughest battle on Sicily occurred at Troina, on the more northern part of
the island. It took the 1st Division and two regiments of the 9th Infantry Division,
plus artillery bombardments and air strikes, before the 15th Panzer Grenadier Division
finally withdrew during the night of 6 August 1943. The Sicilian campaign ended on 17
August 1943. It took the Allies just 38 days to conquer the large island. It cost the
lives of 264 men in the 1st Infantry Division.
The 1st never got to Italy because General Eisenhower wanted it to spearhead the vit-
al invasion of Normandy. And so, the 1st sailed back to England for more training and
long waiting, and the men of the First had plenty of time to get to know many of the
English girls.
Then, finally, on 6 June 1944, the 1st, along with the 29th Infantry Division, strug-
gled ashore on bloody Omaha Beach, Normandy, France, in its finest hour. Some companies
suffered 30 per cent casualties in the first bloody hour of the landing, as the Germans
had every foot of the beachhead zeroed-in by artillery, mortar, machinegun, and small-
arms fire. But the Americans grimly hung on, and forced their way inland by sheer cou-
rage, coupled with desperation. In the process, the Big Red One badly mauled an entire
German division that stood in the way. There were many acts of individual heroism on
this fateful day, including that by 1st Lieutenant Jim Monteith of the 16th Infantry
Regiment.
Lt Monteith landed with the initial assault wave under heavy enemy fire. He led an
assault over a narrow, protective ledge and across the flat, exposed terrain to the com-
parative safety of a cliff. Completely exposed to intense fire, the lieutenant led two
tanks through a minefield and, under his direction, several German positions were put
out of action.
He then supervised his men in the defense of a key position on a hill, as they beat
back repeated vicious counterattacks. When the Germans succeeded in surrounding his
platoon, he was killed while leading his men out of this situation, a lasting inspirat-
ion to his men. Lt Monteith posthumously won the Medal of Honor.
The whole traumatic experience of the invasion prompted famed war correspondent,
Ernie Pyle, to later write, "Now that it's over, it seems a pure miracle that we ever
took the beach at all." Perhaps it was a miracle.
Altogether, on this historic day on the beaches of Normandy, the Allies had some
2,500 men killed or die of wounds, with around 1,000 being on bloody Omaha Beach. Yes,
it was plenty bad enough--but it could have been a great deal worse:
Soon, the Ist entered the fighting in the hedgerows, in the Caumont sector. But then,
after awhile, the 1st was given a break. On 13 July 1944, the 1st was relieved by the
5th Infantry Division, and withdrew to Colmbieres.
Then, on 26 July 1944, after a highly risky saturation bombing behind the German lines,
the Americans succeeded in achieving a major breakthrough just west of St. L6. On the
right of the breakout, the 1st swung west, took Marigny, and trapped 30,000 Germans, in-
cluding much of the 2nd SS "Das Reich" Panzer Division, near Coutances. Some of these
enemy troops broke out of this trap in furious fighting, but many more were captured.
The 1st then helped stop a dangerous enemy counterthrust in the vicinity of Mortain
by mid-August, and then raced 300 miles in a week to take Soissons, where the division
had suffered 9,000 casualties in 4 days in World War I:
Continuing on in through Belgium against ineffectual opposition, the 1st then ran up
against the Siegfried Line (West Wall) at the city of Aachen--and into some of the most
bitter fighting on the Western Front. Defending Aachen was the German 246th Infantry
Division, veteran of the Russian Front, and it contested every yard of ground.
The battle began with an attack by the 1st on the city's municipal forest on 12 Sept-
ember 1944. As the 1st tried to encircle Aachen, the 16th Infantry Regiment was stopped
at the Siegfried Line, 15 September 1944.
On 8 October 1944, the Big Red One renewed its assault on Aachen. The 18th Infantry







Regiment advanced through Verlautenheide, the 26th Infantry Regiment attacked through
the heart of Aachen, while the 16th Infantry Regiment held defensive positions near
Eilendorf. It was on 8 October 1944, that one of the war's most outstanding soldiers
won another Medal of Honor for the Fighting First.
Captain Bobbie E. Brown, Company C, 18th Infantry Regiment, rough-featured, looked
like and was a soldier in the best sense of the word. Highly respected by his men, he
had already done a number of very daring exploits on the battlefield. But his big day
came on 8 October 1944.
Captain Brown commanded Company C, as it attacked Crucifix Hill, a key bastion in
the German defense of Aachen. Soon, an intense artillery barrage fell upon his men,
and they were pinned down in an exposed position. Casualties quickly mounted.
Seeing that a number of pillboxes must be neutralized to prevent the slaughter of
his men, Captain Brown obtained a pole charge and started forward alone toward the
first pillbox about 100 yards away. Hugging the ground while bullets whipped around
him, he crawled and then ran toward the fortification, and rammed his explosive inside,
jumping back as the pillbox and its occupants were blown up.
The captain rejoined the assault platoon, secured another pole charge, and led the
way toward the next pillbox under continuous fire from all types of weapons. He succ-
eeded in eliminating the second pillbox in the same manner. Fire from a third pillbox
then pinned down his company again. In knocking out this third emplacement, he was
wounded by a mortar burst but refused medical aid.
While blowing up these installations, the captain also shot several snipers who att-
empted to pick him off. Every one of them was drilled through the head--except for one
who was hit in the stomach. This shot later puzzled the captain, since he was normally
a crack shot. He couldn't figure how the one shot he had made was so low.
Later, realizing the need for information of enemy activity beyond the hill, Captain
Brown went out alone to reconnoiter. Twice more, on his self-imposed mission, he was
wounded. Nevertheless, he was able to secure information which led to the destruction
of several enemy guns, and enabled his company to throw back two powerful counterattacks
with heavy losses to the Germans. Only when his company's position was completely sec-
ure did he permit treatment of his three wounds.
By his indomitable courage, fearless leadership, and outstanding skill as a soldier,
Captain Brown contributed in great measure to the capture of Crucifix Hill. And he
survived the war to receive his award.
By 12 October 1944, the 26th Infantry Regiment had gained most of the factory dist-
rict between Aachen and Haaren, and began an all-out central attack the next day. After
severe fighting this regiment gained most of Observatory Hill, but German counterattacks
forced all further advances to a halt on 15 October. The 16th Infantry Regiment was for-
ced to defend its area against strong German assaults, as well.
On 18 October 1944, the 1st was reinforced for still another attack on Aachen. Ob-
servatory Hill finally fell, and on 21 October 1944, the city was taken by direct assault.
Aachen was the first city inside Germany to fall to American troops.
After a rest, the 1st was elected to help make the southern part of the assault to the
Roer River, beginning 16 November 1944. On this day, 4,500 U.S. and British planes dump-
ed thousands of tons of bombs and rockets in front of the 1st Division's zone of attack.
Then the 1st advanced.
What followed still sends shivers down the spines of the veterans of the dreaded HUrt-
gen Forest. This forest may well have been the most devilish military trap ever devised
by man. Enemy shell-proof bunkers, yet invisible, spat death in every direction, and
artillery and mortar bursts shredded men by the score. The ground was nothing but mud,
for it rained almost continually. The nights were freezing. But the worst thing of all
were the mines--mines in the ground and in low-hanging trees. Some could not even be
detected with mine detectors. Yet, heroism was never lacking.
On 16 November 1944, near Hamich, Germany, Technical Sergeant Jake W. Lindsey, 16th
Infantry, knocked out two machinegun nests, put two German tanks to flight and, though
wounded, still managed to kill three Germans and captured 8 others.
Three days later, 19 November 1944, the Germans threw a savage attack at Company H,







26th Infantry Regiment, and the company was wiped out. But Pfc Francis X. McGraw rem-
ained at his machinegun. When the area this enemy attack had overrun was later retaken,
Pfc McGraw was found dead beside his gun. Over 50 German corpses littered the nearby
area. Both Sgt Lindsey and Pfc McGraw were awarded the Medal of Honor.
The Germans continued to fight tenaciously, and on 29 November 1944, the 26th Infantry
Regiment was again hit very hard by another German attack, near Merode, which decimated
two more companies of the 26th. But then, replacements, fighting from deep foxholes,
avenged their fallen comrades by killing over 1,200 Germans in three days.
On 5 December 1944, the Red One was relieved by the 9th Infantry Division, and went
to a rest area in the Luchem-Langerwehe-Juengersdorf-Merode region (less the 16th Infan-
try, attached to the V Corps). By Hiirtgen Forest standards the 1st had done quite well.
In 21 weeks of fighting in the HUrtgenwald, the 1st had inflicted very heavy losses on
the enemy and advanced 4 miles--while suffering 4,000 casualties: The 26th Infantry
Regiment, alone, sustained 1,479 casualties.
After this extremely costly and bitter experience, the 1st got exactly 12 days of
rest, while receiving many replacements. And then, the Germans struck their all-out
counterblow in the Ardennes.
And so, the handful of "old men" and the fresh, green replacements were rushed for-
ward to help stop the German onslaught. They did a superb job. The Fighting 1st, into
combat on the northern side of the German salient (the "Bulge"), held off an entire Ger-
man corps near Bitgenbach, fighting in the bitter cold. The lst's lines were pierced,
22 December 1944, but quickly restored. The ground was frozen so hard that foxholes had
to be blasted with explosives instead of dug. Men urinated on their weapons to keep them
from jamming, and white bedsheets and pillowcases were thrown over uniforms to blend in
with the snow. Newspaper was stuffed into boots for warmth. Wounds healed slowly in the
cold, and gangrene could set-in easier. Corpses froze solid, and after a few days, burst
and splintered like glass.
In January 1945, the 1st went over to the attack and took Steinbach on the 15th. This
opened a passage for the 7th Armored Division's drive on St. Vith.
The 1st next ran into stiff opposition northeast of Schoppen, as the 16th Infantry
cleared the Bambusch Woods.
The division next advanced on the Siegfried Line, 28 January 1945, and attacked into
and through the Buchholz Forest. It was relieved by the 99th Infantry Division on 5
February 1945, and moved to an assembly area at Aywaille, Belgium.
The 1st next attacked across the Roer River, at Kreuznau, on 25 February 1945, against
moderate to heavy resistance. This was part of an all-out U.S. 1st Army drive to the
Rhine. Reaching that fabled river, 7 March 1945, at Bonn, the 1st then advanced into the
Remagen bridgehead, crossing the Rhine, 15-16 March 1945.
Fighting out of the bridgehead against desperate, but somewhat disorganized resistance,
the 1st headed north along the east bank of the Rhine to the Sieg River, running up again-
st fierce resistance. On 30 March 1945, the 1st attacked with all three regiments in line
to gain the heights dominating the sizeable town of Siegen. On 1 April, the 1st was rel-
ieved by the 8th Infantry Division in this region, and trucked to blocking positions
southwest of Paderborn to help seal the Ruhr Pocket. The Americans, aided by fighter-
bombers, were too strong to be held back for very long. Numerous other U.S. divisions
fought into the Ruhr Pocket and, by mid-April 1945, well over 300,000 Germans had surren-
dered--as many as at Stalingrad.
After this big battle, the Big Red One advanced across the Weser River, and deep into
central Germany, heading toward the Harz Mountains. This was a sizeable region of very
high, steep, wooded hills, where some 70,000 German troops were holding out, including
the crack 5th Parachute Division. Several other U.S. divisions, including the 9th, 35th,
and 83rd Infantry and 8th Armored, converged upon this region, as well. The Germans used
the terrain to their advantage, but again, the Americans were too strong and well-organ-
ized with lavish air support. On 14 April 1945, troops of the 1st and 83rd Divisions
linked-up in the Harz interior, thus cutting the German pocket in two. The Ist's haul of







prisoners ran from 200-1,000 daily in the area, and on 23 April 1945, the Germans in the
Harz surrendered.
Finally, the 1st was shifted way to the south to take part in Patton's 3rd Army attack
into western Czechoslovakia, in the last several days of the war. It was a strange land,
the Sudetenland, which was largely pro-German, and the GIs were greeted sullenly. Enemy
resistance was, for the most part, sporadic. Attacking on a line directly west of Prague,
the 1st had units in Kinsperk, Sangerberg, and Mnichov when V-E Day finally arrived on
8 May 1945. Those troops who had advanced beyond the Sudetenland, and into the land of
the Czechs, were treated to tumultuous and heart-warming receptions by this long-oppressed
people.
Few, if any, other outfits had been through as many tough battles as the great Fighting
First, and the men who wore the Big Red One shoulder patch had good cause for thinking
that the 1st was, indeed, number 1.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--16 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-4,365
Distinguished Unit Citations--20 Killed In Action-- 3,616
Distinguished Service Crosses-130 Wounded 15,208
Silver Stars 6,019 Missing 1499
Captured 1,336
* Two to entire regiments-the 16th and 18th Infantry-- Total Casualties-- 20,659
D-Day, Omaha Beach, Normandy, France

The 1st Infantry Division later served in the Vietnam War. As of this writing, the
1st is stationed at Ft. Riley, Kansas (with some elements in Germany). (7 July 1990)

Other 1st Infantry Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II: Killed in action *
(Includes all of those men not listed in this article)
Pvt Carlton W. Barrett, 18th Inf Rgt, 6 June 1944, Normandy beachhead
S/Sgt Arthur F. DeFranzo, 10 June 1944, near Vaubadon, Normandy, France
S/Sgt Walter D. Ehlers, 18th Inf Rgt, 9-10 June 1944, near Goville, Normandy, France
Pvt Robert T. Henry, 16th Inf Rgt, 3 December 1944, Luchem, Germany
Pfc Gino J. Merli, 18th Inf Rgt, 4-5 September 1944, near Sars-la-Bruyere, Belgium
S/Sgt George Peterson, 18th Inf Rgt, 30 March 1945, near Eisern, Germany
T/5 Grade John J. Pinder, Jr., 16th Inf Rgt, 6 June 1944, Normandy beachhead
Pvt James W. Reese, 26th Inf Rgt, 5 August 1943, Monte Vassillio, Sicily
S/Sgt Joseph E. Schaefer, 18th Inf Rgt, 24 September 1944, near Stolberg, Germany
Sgt Max Thompson, 18th Inf Rgt, 18 October 1944, near Haaren, Germany
Cpl Henry F. Warner, 26th Inf Rgt, 20-21 December 1944, near BUtgenbach, Belgium
1st Lt Walter J. Will, 18th Inf Rgt, 30 March 1945, near Eisern, Germany



















29TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Blue and Gray"

Originally-Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, District of Columbia National Guard

Activated (WW II)-3 February 1941

Returned To United States-4 January 1946

Inactivated-17 January 1946

Battle Credits, World War II: Normandy Brittany Siegfried Line Rhineland
North-Central Germany
Days In Combat-242

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Charles H. Gerhardt July 1943-Inactivation

Combat Chronicle: The 29th Infantry Division has, as its shoulder patch, blue and gray
colors combined in a monad, the Korean symbol for eternal life. The Blue and Gray Division,
so named because it had men about equally divided from northern and southern states in the
First World War, had a prominent part in that conflict. It sustained over 6,000 casualties
in the Meuse-Argonne.
In World War II, the 29th more than lived up to that record, by suffering over 20,000
casualties:
From October 1942-early-June 1944, the 29th conducted intensive training in Scotland
and England. Although untried in combat, but well-trained, the 29th was picked to help
spearhead the D-Day invasion of Normandy on 6 June 1944. Along with the great 1st Infantry
Division, it landed on Omaha Beach--and into a hellish storm of artillery, mortar, machine-
gun, and small-arms fire from the high ground somewhat inland above the vulnerable beachhead.
Some of the men were hit while still in the water. Others, wounded, swam weakly until
their feet touched bottom and then dragged themselves on to the sands. Men who had reached
the beach unhurt found their position on the wide exposed sands more dangerous, and some ran
back into the water up to their necks for concealment and cover from the enemy fire. Others
stayed on the beach, burrowing holes into the shingle and sand until the rising tide engulf-
ed them. Ten minutes after the landing ramps dropped, Company A, 116th Infantry Regiment
was without any officers.
Meanwhile, Companies E, F, and G fared a good deal better. This was greatly due to a
grass fire along several hundred yards of bluff above the beach set off by naval rockets,
and which greatly inhibited German observation of the beachhead. Still, the ordeal was any-
thing but easy, and the only real solution was to move inland off the beaches, since the Ger-
mans had every foot of it zeroed in.
It was touch and go for awhile, but a highly instrumental force was the 29th's acting com-
mander, Major-General Norman "Dutch" Cota. Cajoling, cursing, encouraging, and rallying his
men, he gradually got enough of them together to get off the beaches, which spelled the diff-
erence between victory and defeat. Gradually, the 29th pushed inland, and there were many
individual acts of heroism. One such case was that of Technical Sergeant Frank D. Peregory,








Company K, 116th Infantry Regiment.
Leading elements of the 3rd Battalion, 116th Infantry were advancing near Grandcampe.
Suddenly, they were halted by decimating machine-gun fire from firmly entrenched German
forces on the high ground overlooking the town. After numerous attempts to neutralize the
German position by supporting artillery and tank fire had proved ineffective, T/Sgt Pereg-
ory, on his own initiative, advanced up the hill under withering fire, and worked his way
to the crest where he discovered an entrenchment leading to the main enemy fortifications
200 yards away. Without hesitating, he leaped into the trench and moved toward the emplace-
ment. Encountering a squad of enemy riflemen, he attacked them with hand grenades and bay-
onet, killed 8 and forced 3 more to surrender.
Continuing along the trench, he singlehandedly forced the surrender of 32 more riflemen,
captured the machine-gunners, and opened the way for his unit to advance and secure its ob-
jective.
Sgt Peregory was later killed in a subsequent action, and was posthumously awarded the
Medal of Honor.
No American division in the terrific fighting in Normandy had it tougher than the Fight-
ing 29th, and no division suffered greater casualties, which skyrocketed at an alarmingrate.
After capturing Isigny, with the aid of naval gunfire, the 29th cut across the Elle Riv-
er and inched slowly and painfully toward St. Lo, fighting bitterly in the hedgerows of
Normandy.
These hedgerows had been planted centuries earlier by the Norman farmers to help as pro-
tection from the harsh wind and rains blowing inland from the English Channel. The hedge-
rows were an extremely dense, fence-like growth of vegetation growing at intervals across
generally more open terrain, sometimes as little as 30 or 40 yards apart. They consisted
of vines, trees, thick brush, bushes, and other bramble, usually 8 to 10 feet thick, and up
to 15 feet high. Sometimes, a line of this growth would be on top of several feet of solid,
built-up earth. Also, these hedgerows might be on either side of a sunken-in road.
Against such terrain, the 29th and other 1st Army divisions inched painfully forward.
Obviously, such countryside offered a distinct advantage to the defender, and often, a small
group of Germans, well dug-in and concealed, could hold off a much larger force of Americ-
ans for a lengthy period of time. Air support was of limited value, since the opposing
sides were often too close to each other, and so the risk of hitting our own troops. Often,
the GIs couldn't see beyond the next hedgerow.
The 29th, slowly inching forward against very tough opposition, bore the brunt of the
heaviest fighting for the key town of St. L6. In two days, the 29th sustained 1,000 casual-
ties, and the 35th Infantry Division almost as many. It was some of the most bitter, frust-
rating, and costly fighting that American troops have ever experienced. One hill on the
way to St. Lo was very appropriately dubbed "Purple Heart Hill." In and around St. L6 were
two elite German divisions, the 3rd Parachute and 352nd Infantry, the latter of which had
opposed the landings at Omaha Beach.
Major Tom Howie, who had distinguished himself for gallantry in the fierce attack on
this important town, was killed just outside of it. He had wanted to lead his men into
St. L6, and they saw that his wish came true. When St. L8 finally fell on 18 July 1944,
the 29th's victorious columns included a lone ambulance--containing the flag-draped body
of the Major of St. L8.
After St. L8, the 29th joined in the battle for Vire. The Germans resisted tenaciously,
but the town fell on 7 August.
Altogether, in Normandy the 29th lost some 2,500 men, had another 8,000 wounded, and al-
most 200 missing in action:
After all this, turning 200 miles into the western tip of Brittany, the 29th, along with
the 2nd and 8th Infantry Divisions, the 2nd and 5th Ranger Battalions, and French Forces of
the Interior, attacked the fortified port city of Brest. It was during this fighting that
the 29th had another Medal of Honor winner, Staff Sergeant Sherwood Hallman, 175th Infantry
Regiment, at Brest, 13 September 1944.
Realizing that an important German position must be neutralized without delay, Sgt Hall-
man ordered his squad to cover his movements by fire while he advanced alone to a point
from which he could make an assault.
Without hesitating the sergeant leaped over a hedgerow into a sunken road, the central








point of the German defenses which was known to contain a machine-gun position and at least
30 riflemen.
Firing his carbine and hurling grenades, Sgt Hallman, unassisted, killed or wounded 4
Germans, then ordered the remainder to surrender. Immediately, 12 Germans gave up, and the
position was shortly secured by the remainder of his company.
Seeing the surrender of this position, about 75 of the enemy in the vicinity surrendered,
yielding a defensive organization which his entire battalion had been unable to take.
This single act of heroism resulted in the immediate advance of the entire battalion a-
bout 2,000 yards to a position from which Fort Keranroux was taken.
Very unfortunately, Sgt Hallman's award was posthumous, for he died of wounds the follow-
ing day.
In another bitter, lengthy, tedious, and costly battle Brest finally fell after 39 days
of furious fighting against first-rate German troops, including the 2nd Parachute Division.
Over 35,000 Germans were taken prisoner, but it cost the Americans and French 10,000 casua-
lties. The 29th had 624 men killed in action.
After a rest in the fields of Brittany, the 29th was entrained clear across northern
France, through Belgium, and then attacked through the extreme southeast corner of Holland.
The division took the cities of Maastricht and Kerkrade, before hitting the Siegfried Line.
On 29 September 1944, the 29th went into position in the Siegfried Line, relieving the
mighty 2nd Armored Division between Gangelt and Teveren. The 29th, after battling in the
enclosed hedgerow terrain for so long, soon felt the sharp consciousness of exposure to the
enemy in the flat terrain of the Rhineland. The region was broken only by draws and patch-
es of woods. And, for the first time, the 29th was in the enemy's homeland. At places
like Schierwaldenrath, Breberen, and Hatterath Woods the Blue and Gray saw some bitter com-
bat against crack German troops.
Then, there was the so-called furious battle for the Aachen Gap in which the 29th fought
in conjunction with such famous units as the 1st and 30th Infantry Divisions, and in which
the Germans mounted repeated vicious counterattacks. The city of Aachen was taken by the
1st Infantry Division on 21 October 1944.
On 30 October, the 29th was relieved by the newly arrived 102nd Infantry Division, and
prepared for the assault to the Roer River.
The U.S. 9th Army assault to the Roer, mid-November-into December 1944, was some of the
most bitter fighting on the Western Front. Setterich, Siersdorf, Durboslar---all towns on
the way to the Roer that had to be assaulted in furious combat that meant heavy losses for
the 29th as well as for the Germans. So bitterly did the Germans hang on to Durboslar,
that they had to be blasted out by air strikes. In Putzdorf, though, the Germans had an
active concentration of tanks and struck out with them right and left in attempting to re-
take Aldenhoven and Niedermerz. Artillery was called upon to break up these attacks. Al-
though Aldenhoven was secured, the enemy clung to Niedermerz throughout 20 November. Art-
illery concentrations were required that night, and house clearing by the infantry the next
day, before the Germans gave in. Around 300 POWs were taken, almost all of them from cellars
Almost every day there was at least one large enemy counterattack. On the night of 25-
26 November, the Germans bombed Bourheim in a prelude to their last fierce attack in that
area.
Meanwhile, two miles further north, another battle raged at Koslar. 22 November was a
day of slow, hard fighting in rain and mud. That night a German counterattack was broken up.
Next, came Kirchberg. There seemed no end to it for the tired, dirty, battered men of
the 29th. But, with the capture of this town, the last sizeable enemy force was finally
driven across the Roer.
From 1 October-31 December 1944, the 29th lost over 700 men-killed in action and died
of wounds.
From 8 December 1944-23 February 1945, the valiant 29th was one of the 9th Army divis-
ions which helped hold the line at the Roer River, while the Battle of the Bulge raged fur-
ther to the south.
Finally, the attack across the Roer jumped-off on 23 February 1945. Against heavy res-
istance the assault carried the 29th through Jilich, Broich, and Immerath, and then into
the textile manufacturing city of Mbnchen-Gladbach by 1 March. Up to this time, this was
the largest German city taken by the Western Allies, with a population of 200,000 people.








During March 1945, the 29th rested and rehabilitated.
In early-April, the 116th Infantry Regiment, which had been cited on Omaha Beach, was
attached to the 75th Infantry Division to help clear up the northern side of the Ruhr Pock-
et. The rest of the 29th advanced across north-central Germany toward the Elbe River.
On 21 April, some resistance was met at Grabau, but this was quickly overcome.
The Germans had brought down some of their divisions from Norway in a futile attempt to
bolster their defenses in these closing days of the Third Reich. One of these divisions,
the 160th Infantry, offered some spirited, though short-lived resistance near Dannenberg,
as the 29th approached the Elbe. However, by the end of the day, the 24th, over 1,600 pris-
oners had been taken.
The toughest opposition during this advance came from scattered anti-personnel and anti-
tank minefields, and from mines laid in the roads.
By 24 April, the 115th and 116th Infantry Regiments had reached the Elbe, with the 84th
Infantry Division to the south, and the British 5th Infantry Division on the north.
In the meantime, the 175th Infantry Regiment had been detached to help clear out a stub-
born group of Germans in the Klotze Forest.
During the month of April 1945, the 29th had 55 men killed in action, 140 wounded, and
2 men missing.
After V-E Day, 8 May 1945, the Blue and Gray Division was assigned military government
duty in the Bremen area of northwest Germany, along the coast.
The 29th returned to the United States in January 1946, and was demobilized. Only 2
other U.S. Army divisions, the 3rd and 4th Infantry, had lost more men than the 29th, a
really great division. What a sacrifice it had made!

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--2 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--4,824
Distinguished Unit Citations--'5 Killed In Action-- 3,887
Distinguished Service Crosses-44 Wounded -15,541
Silver Stars 854 Missing 347
Captured 845
Total Casualties--20,620

* One each to the 115th and 116th Infantry Regiments--D-Day, Normandy





1 WWII


29TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Blue and Gray"


JUNE 1944
6 June 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111
1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111
7 June 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 50 220*approx. 420* men
8 June 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111 40
9 June 1111111111111111111111 22
10 June 1111111111111111111111 22
11 June 1111111111 10
12 June 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 44
13 June 1111111111111111111111111111111111 34
14 June 111111
15 June 11
16 June 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111 40
17 June 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 49
18 June 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 80
19 June 1111111111111111111111111 25
20 June 111111
21 June 1111111
22 June 1111111111111 13
23 June 1111
24 June 1111111111 10
25 June 11111111111111111 17
26 June 1111111111111111 16
27 June 111
28 June 11
29 June 111111111 9
30 June 11111111111 11
742





2 WWII


29TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Blue and Gray"

JULY 1944 AUGUST 1944
1 July 11111111111111111111 20 1 Aug 1111111111111111111111111111111111111 37
2 July 11111111111 11 2 Aug 111111111111111111111111111 27
3 July 1111111 3 Aug 111111111111 16
4 July 1111 4 Aug 111111111111111111111 21
5 July 1 5 Aug 1111111111111111 16
6 July 11111111 8 6 Aug 1111111111111111 16
8 July 11111 7 Aug 11111111111111111111111111111111111 35
9 July 111 8 Aug 1111111111111111111111111111111111111 37
10 July 1 9 Aug 1111111111111111111111 22
11 July 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 56 10 Aug 11111111111111111111 21
12 July 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 55 11 Aug 11111111111111111 17
13 July 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 53 12 Aug 1111111111111111111111111111 28
14 July 11111111 8 13 Aug 111
15 July 11111111111111111111111111111111111111 38 14 Aug 111111111111 12
16 July 111111111111111111111111111111111111 36 15 Aug 111
17 July 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 42 16 Aug 11
18 July 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 43 17 Aug 1
19 July 11111111111111111111 20 24 Aug 1
20 July 111111 25 Aug 11111111111111111111111111111 29
21 July 11 26 Aug 111111111111111111111111 25
23 July 1 27 Aug 111111111111111111111111111111111111 36
24 July 1 28 Aug 1111111111111111111111 22
26 July 11 29 Aug 111111111111111111 18
27 July 111 30 Aug 1111111111111111111111 22
28 July 1111 31 Aug 111111111111111 15
29 July 1111111111111111 16 482
30 July 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111
111111111111111111111111 85
31 July 1111111111111111111111111111111111111 37
568





3 WWII


29TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Blue and Gray"

SEPTEMBER 1944 OCTOBER 1944 NOVEMBER 1944
1 Sept 111111111111111111 18 1 Oct 1 1 Nov 1
2 Sept 11111111111 11 2 Oct 111 2 Nov 1
3 Sept 1111111111111111111 19 3 Oct 1 6 Nov 1
4 Sept 1111 4 Oct 1111111111111 13 7 Nov 1
5 Sept 111111 5 Oct 1111111 9 Nov 1
6 Sept 111 6 Oct 111111 13 Nov 11
7 Sept 1111111 7 Oct 1111111111 10 16 Nov 1111111111111111 16
8 Sept 111111111 9 8 Oct 1 17 Nov 111111111111111111111111 24
9 Sept 11111111111111111 17 9 Oct 11 18 Nov 111111111111111111111111111111111 33
10 Sept 11111 10 Oct 11111 19 Nov 1111111111111 13
11 Sept 1111 11 Oct 11 20 Nov 1111111111111111111111111111111111111 37
12 Sept 111111111111111111111111111111 30 13 Oct 111111111111 12 21 Nov 11111111111111111111 20
13 Sept 111111111111111111111111111111 30 14 Oct 11111 22 Nov 111111111111111111111 21
14 Sept 111111111111111111111111 24 15 Oct 1111 23 Nov 11111111111 11
15 Sept 1111111 16 Oct 1111 24 Nov 1111111111111111 16
16 Sept 1111111111111 13 17 Oct 111 25 Nov 1111111111 10
17 Sept 11111111111111111111111 23 18 Oct 1111 26 Nov 111111111111111 15
18 Sept 11 19 Oct 11 27 Nov 111111111 9
19 Sept 11111 20 Oct 1 28 Nov 1
20 Sept 1111 21 Oct 1111 2
21 Sept 1 22 Oct 1
242 23 Oct 11
24 Oct 1
25 Oct 1
29 Oct 1111111111 10
30 Oct 11
107





4 WWII


29TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Blue and Gray"


DECEMBER 1944 JANUARY 1945 FEBRUARY 1945 MARCH 1945
1 Dec 111 1 Jan 1 21 Feb 111 1 Mar 11
3 Dec 111111111111111 15 4 Jan 1 22 Feb 11111 2 Mar 1
4 Dec 111 9 Jan 11 23 Feb 11111111111111111111111111111111 33 3 Mar 1
5 Dec 11 13 Jan 1 24 Feb 11111111111 11 4 Mar 1
6 Dec 11 22 Jan 1 25 Feb 111111111111111 15 11 Mar 1
8 Dec 1111111111111111 16 25 Jan 1 26 Feb 11 20 Mar 1
9 Dec 111111 27 Jan 1 27 Feb 11 24 Mar 1
10 Dec 1 28 Jan 1 28 Feb 1111111 8
14 Dec 11 78
16 Dec 1 9
27 Dec 1
29 Dec 1
30 Dec 1
54






5 WWII

29TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Blue and Gray"


APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
4 Apr 1111 28 May 1
5 Apr 111
6 Apr 1
21 Apr 111111
22 Apr 111
23 Apr 11
24 Apr 1111111111 10
30 Apr 11
31














29TH INFANTRY DIVISION'S
*bloodiest day 6 June 1944
bloodiest month June 1944
2nd bloodiest day 30 July 1944
3rd 18 June 1944
4th 11 July 1944
5th 12 July 1944
Total battle deaths ',-736
2,555 are listed=53.96 KIA-3,870
















30TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Old Hickory"

Originally-Tennessee, North and South Carolina National Guard

Activated (WW 11)-16 September 1940

Returned To United States-19 August 1945

Inactivated--25 November 1945

Battle Credits, World War II: Normandy Northern France-Belgium Siegfried Line
Ardennes Rhineland North-Central Germany
Days In Combat-282

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Leland S. Hobbs September 1942-September 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 30th Infantry Division, in World War II, arrived in England on
22 February 1944, and trained until the first part of June.
The 30th entered the fighting in Normandy on 15 June 1944, D-plus 9, and met difficult
opposition as soon as the leading squads had crept past the line of the railroad leading
east from Carentan. Among the 30th's first opponents in the bloody fighting in the hedge-
rows were elements of the 275th and 352nd Infantry and 17th SS Panzer Grenadier Divisions.
When the men were halted by the inevitable burp of a machine-pistol or chatter of a mach-
ine-gun from the next hedgerow, German mortar shells seemed to arrive with deadly prompt-
ness. The best bet was to keep trying to advance, a point which battalion commanders drum-
med into their men on which success depended. Enemy counterattacks coming when men were
tired and their ranks depleted, were often more dangerous than when the Americans launched
their attacks.
The last half of June 1944 was plenty bloody enough for the 30th in the hedgerows of
Normandy, but July was the most costly month of the division's entire fighting in Europe.
Old Hickory fought some of the best divisions in the entire German Army. Divisions such
as the crack Panzerlehr which made an attack on 13 July, and which for a week the 30th
made slow intermittent progress against. In the first seven days of the Vire River area
attack, 7-13 July, the 30th lost 3,200 officers and men in dead, wounded, and missing:
Then there was the 14th Parachute Regiment of the German 5th Parachute Division. On 16
July, the strapping German paratroopers appeared in savage counterattacks, supported by
tanks and backed up by exceptionally heavy artillery fire. The 120th Infantry Regiment
massacred about a company of them in the open as they crossed its field of fire. There
was the elite 2nd Panzer Division which, lavishly equipped with tanks and many other types
of weapons and vehicles, was just as formidable of an opponent as either the German para-
troopers or the SS troops. Against all these formations the 30th more than held its own,
taking a heavy toll of the enemy in return for its own high casualties.
In mid-July 1944, although the 30th didn't actually enter the key town of St. L8, the
division played a vital role in the overall battle, with the town falling to the 29th Inf-
antry Division and the 113th Cavalry Group on 18 July.
Then, after an Allied high-level saturation bombing behind the German lines in which
some of the bombs accidentally fell in the 30th's zone and killed 64 men, an American
breakthrough was achieved beginning on 25 July 1944, and the 30th helped spearhead it. The
attack slowly gained in momentum and a number of German divisions were very badly mauled







in the most bitter combat. However, the 3 weeks of fighting between the assault across
the Vire and the capture of Tessy had provided a sustained nightmare of losses. There
were many cases where, three days after a replacement had reported to the rear echelon,
he would be stricken off the division roster--evacuated by the clearing station or dead.
Advancing to the vicinity of Mortain, the 30th relieved the equally great 1st Infantry
Division on 6 August. The 30th shortly found itself in a very fight for its survival.
On the very next day, the Germans struck with an unusually strong counterblow with 4
of their very best divisions--the 1st and 2nd SS Panzer and the 2nd and 116th Panzer.
The object of this attack was to cut through to Avranches on the coast and trap a large
part of General Patton's 3rd Army which had already begun moving into Brittany and fanning
out to the Loire River.
On the northern side of the attack the 116th Panzer was contained by the 4th Infantry
Division. The three other German divisions did well, at first. Numerous U.S. forward
positions were overrun and a battalion headquarters was surrounded. The 2nd Panzer raced
to Juvigny, but then came under very heavy artillery fire. The 1st SS Panzer was in the
center of the attack. At the southern end, the 2nd SS Panzer "Das Reich" swept through
Mortain and pushed toward St. Hilaire, but was thwarted by the heroic resistance of the
30th Infantry Division. The brunt of the onslaught fell upon the 1st Battalion, 117th
Infantry Regiment. It threw every man into the line, stemmed the attack, and was later
cited. One group of men on a high hill were cut-off for 5 days but refused all demands
to surrender. The 35th Infantry Division and combat commands of the 2nd and 3rd Armored
Divisions were moved into the battle to help out the hard-pressed 30th, and after a week
of violent fighting, the Germans gave up the idea and began to withdraw. They never
threatened to touch the sea again. The 30th lost some 1,800 men killed, wounded, captured,
and missing. The Germans lost over 100 tanks. Their infantry losses were unknown, but
they were, no doubt, in accordance with their high losses in tanks and other equipment.
The Old Hickory Division didn't rest long. It took Reuilly, crossed the Seine, and
drove on through Peronne, Cambrai, Valenciennes, and Tournai, the region of so much heavy
fighting in World War I. In September, the 30th continued on eastward through Belgium,
and into the Dutch panhandle of extreme southeastern Holland. There had been localized
opposition, but at best by disorganized groups of Germans lost in the shuffle. It was a
time of rapid motorized pursuit. However, in southeast Holland, there was some fierce
action around Valkenburg.
As the 30th reached the Siegfried Line in extreme western Germany, resistance stiffened
a great deal. In fact, the Germans soon contested every yard of ground.
The assault to crash the Siegfried Line began, for the 30th, on 2 October 1944. The
30th, in the bitterest type of combat against the 3rd Panzer Grenadier and elements of the
116th Panzer Divisions, broke through at Palemberg and Rimburg and, by 16 October, had made
contact with the 1st Infantry Division and helped encircle the city of Aachen. Fighting
alongside the 30th in this vicious battle was the valiant Norwegian-American 99th Infantry
Battalion. One of the hottest spots in this area was the town of Wurselen where the Ger-
mans conducted a series of savage counterattacks. Their artillery was also uncanny.
It was in this drawn-out battle for Wurselen that the 30th had one of its 6 Medal of Honor
winners of the war, Staff Sergeant Freeman V. Horner, Company K, 119th Infantry Regiment,
16 November 1944.
S/3gt Horner and other members of his company were attacking Wurselen against stubborn
resistance, when machine-gun fire from houses on the edge of the town pinned them in flat,
open terrain 100 yards from their objective. As they lay in the field, enemy artillery
observers directed fire upon them, causing serious casualties.
Realizing that the machine-guns must be eliminated in order to permit the company to ad-
vance from its precarious position, Sgt Horner voluntarily stood up with his submachine-gun
and rushed into the teeth of concentrated fire, burdened by a heavy load of ammunition and
hand grenades. Just as he reached a position of seeming safety, he was fired on by a mach-
ine-gun which had remained silent up to that time. He cooly wheeled in his fully exposed
position while bullets barely missed him and killed two enemy gunners with a single, devas-
tating burst. He turned to face the fire of the other 2 machine-guns and, dodging fire as
he ran, charged the two positions 50 yards away. Demoralized by their inability to hit the
intrepid infantryman, the enemy abandoned their guns and took cover in the cellar of the







house they occupied. Sgt Homer busted into the building, hurled 2 grenades down the
cellar stairs, and called out for the Germans to surrender. Four men gave themselves up.
By his extraordinary courage, Sgt Horner eliminated 3 enemy machine-gun positions, kill-
ed or captured 7 Germans, and cleared the path for his company's successful assault on
Wurselen.
After a rest period, the Old Hickory took part in the U.S. 9th Army's assault to the
Roer River. It advanced to the Inde River at Altdorf, 28 November 1944, and, fighting on
the flat Cologne Plain, did very well and reached the Roer at a total cost of around 225 men
killed and 1,058 wounded. However, units on either side of the 30th, notably the-29th Inf-
antry and 2nd Armored Divisions, sustained very heavy lossesin this battle. After the push
to the Roer, the 30th received another rest period. But not for long.
On 17 December 1944, Old Hickory raced to the south into eastern Belgium to help stop
the onrushing Germans. The Battle of the Bulge was on in full fury.
There then followed one of the proudest chapters in the 30th Infantry Division's history;
the defeat of the 1st SS "Leibstandarte" Panzer Division, "Hitler's Own." This elite and
ruthlessly fanatical outfit had managed to thread its way through weak spots in the American
lines and for one week was on the rampage--until stopped by the 30th in some of the most
bitter fighting of the war at a town called Stavelot. Inspite of the intense cold, the
young, fanatical SS troopers waded across the icy Ambleve River in an attempt to get at the
GIs. They never made it, and were slaughtered in their efforts, although one comparatively
small group did manage to establish a small bridgehead on the Americans' side of the river.
The Germans quickly began an attack from out of this foothold, but the Americans rallied and
drove them back. One courageous and rather amazing action was that of Staff Sergeant Paul
L. Bolden, Company I, 120th Infantry Regiment, 23 December 1944.
When his company was pinned down by heavy automatic and rifle fire from a house 200 yards
ahead, he voluntarily attacked it. Sgt Bolden and another soldier moved forward into a hail
of bullets to eliminate this German strongpoint. Crawling forward, the pair finally reach-
ed the house. Sgt Bolden was under a window, and his comrade across the street where he
could deliver covering fire.
In rapid succession, Sgt Bolden hurled a fragmentation grenade and a white phosphorus
grenade into the building. Then, fully realizing he faced tremendous odds, he rushed to
the door, threw it open, and fired into 35 SS troopers who were trying to reorganize them-
selves after the havoc wrought by the grenades. Twenty Germans were killed by his sub-mach-
ine-gun before he was struck in the shoulder, chest, and stomach by part of a burst which
killed the other soldier across the street.
Sgt Bolden withdrew from the house, waiting for the surviving Germans to come out and
surrender. When none appeared, he summoned his ebbing strength and, overcoming extreme
pain, boldly walked back into the house, firing as he went. He had killed the remaining
15 enemy soldiers, when his ammunition ran out: Sgt Bolden survived his wounds to later
receive the Medal of Honor.
The 30th took care of its share of the German counteroffensive so effectively that the
Germans, convinced that no ordinary infantry division could treat them that way, began call-
ing it "Roosevelt's SS troops."
Confident of victory, the SS fanatics had driven themselves almost as ruthlessly as they
had treated the civilians and prisoners whose mutilated bodies lay stiff in the snow near
Malm6dy. Among other losses, the 1st SS lost 92 tanks and had 2,500 men killed.
The 30th then participated in the 1st Army counteroffensive. A particular tough action
in this phase of the battle was at Thirimont, 13-16 January 1945, against the formidable 3rd
Parachute Division. By 26 January, the 30th had reached a point two miles south of St. Vith,
before being moved back to an assembly area near Lierneux.
The last great battle of the winter campaign, the assault across the Roer, finally began
during the pre-dawn hours of 23 February 1945. It was long overdue. For almost 3 months
American sentries had glared across the river from their outposts on the west bank.
At 2:45 A.M. on the 23rd, the artillery commenced pounding the Germans in a terrific 45
minute barrage. The 30th then crossed the Roer, some men on a foot-bridge built by the eng-
ineers and some in assault boats. So heavy had been the artillery fire and so rapid the ad-
vance of the U.S. infantry, that most of the Germans on the opposite side of the Roer had
to be dragged from their cellars. The German 363rd Infantry Division was soon finished as








an effective fighting force, but some trouble was provided by the 9th Panzer Division.
By 6 March 1945, surrounded at last by friendly troops, Old Hickory moved on back to the
area where the Belgian-Dutch-German borders meet for rest and rehabilitation. The 30th
had been picked to help spearhead the 9th Army's assault crossing of the Rhine River.
The assault commenced on the night of 24 March 1945. The 30th and 79th Infantry Divis-
ions led the way for the 9th Army, the 30th crossing at Biderich. Opposition, initially,
was sporadic since the Germans were caught by surprise. But on 27 March, the 30th ran in-
to some fierce resistance put up by the 116th Panzer Division between Dorsten and Haltern.
Bypassing along the northern edge of the Ruhr, the 30th continued on eastward into the
province of Westphalia, mopping-up pockets of German resistance. Fierce opposition was
met in and around the storybook town of Hamelin in early-April, and the ancient, medieval
town was blasted by artillery fire.
The 30th then proceeded on eastward, capturing the sizeable town of Hildesheim, 11 Ap-
ril, and the next day reached the city of Braunschweig (Brunswick) where it ran into mod-
erate resistance of no lengthy duration.
The advance continued toward Tangerminde, on the Elbe, which the 5th Armored Division
had already reached. The 30th then turned sharply south through Wolmirstedt, and, with
the aid of the mighty 2nd Armored Division, cleared the city of Magdeburg in 24 hours.
During the 3 weeks between the fall of Magdeburg and V-E Day, 8 May 1945, the 30th cap-
tured 7,468 prisoners--as many as it had taken in its first 3 months of combat in 1944.
The Russians had been contacted at GrUnewald, and after a short occupational period,
the 30th then began leaving for home, arriving on 19 August 1945.
The 30th Infantry Division in World War II had an unusually high esprit de corps, and
was one of the finest American divisions of the war.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--6 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-3,547
Distinguished Unit Citations---8 Killed In Action-- 3,003
Distinguished Service Crosses-50 Wounded -13,376
Silver Stars 1,773 Missing 903
Captured 1,164
Total Casualties-18,446

Other 30th Infantry Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II: Killed in action *
1st Lt Raymond 0. Beaudoin, 119th Inf Rgt, 6 April 1945, Hamelin, Germany
Sgt Francis S. Currey, 120th Inf Rgt, 21 December 1944, Malmedy, Belgium
Pvt Harold G. Kiner, 117th Inf Rgt, 2 October 1944, near Palemberg, Germany
S/Sgt Jack J. Pendleton, 120th Inf Rgt, 12 October 1944, Bardenberg, Germany





1 WWII

30TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Old Hickory"

JUNE 1944 JULY 1944
15 June 111111111111111111111111111 27 2 July 11
16 June 11 4 July 111
17 June 11 6 July 1
18 June 11111 7 July 1111111111111111111111111 25
19 June 111 8 July lllllllll1111111111111 22
20 June 1111 9 July 1111111111111111111111111111111111111 37
21 June 1 10 July 1111111111111111111111111 25
22 June 111 11 July 11111111111111111111111111111111111111 38
23 June 1 12 July 1111111111111111111111111111111111111 37
24 June 1 13 July 111111111111111111111111111111 31
25 June 1 14 July 11111111111111111111111 23
26 June 1 15 July 11111111111111111111111 23
27 June 1 16 July 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111 43
29 June 1 17 July 111111111111111111111111 24
18 July 111111111111111111 18
53 19 July 1111111111111 13
20 July 1111111
21 July 11111111 8
22 July 1111111
23 July 111
24 July 111111111111111 15
25 July 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 48
26 July 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111 41
27 July 111111111111111111111111111111111 33
28 July 11111111111111111111111111 26
29 July 11111111111111111111111 23
30 July 111111111111111111111111111 27
31 July 111111111111111111111111111111111111 36
639





2 WWII


30TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Old Hickory"


AUGUST 1944 SEPTEMBER 1944
1 Aug 1111111111111111111111 22 1 Sept 1111
2 Aug 111111111 9 2 Sept 1
3 Aug 1111111 5 Sept 1
4 Aug 111111 10 Sept 11
5 Aug 11111 12 Sept 1111
6 Aug 1111111111 10 13 Sept 111111
7 Aug 1111iiii111111111111111111111111111111111111111 111111iiii 60* 14 Sept 111
8 Aug 11111111111111111111111111111111111 35 approx. 15 Sept 11
9 Aug 111111111111111111111111 24 11ONen 16 Sept 111111
10 Aug 11111111111111111111111111 26 17 Sept 11
11 Aug 111111111111111111 18 18 Sept 11111
12 Aug 1111111111111 13 19 Sept 1111111111 10
13 Aug 111111111 9 20 Sept 111111
14 Aug 1111111 24 Sept 1
15 Aug 1111 27 Sept 1
16 Aug 1111111 30 Sept 1
17 Aug 111
18 Aug 11111111 8 55
19 Aug 1
21 Aug 1111111
22 Aug 111111111 9
23 Aug 11111111 8
24 Aug 1
25 Aug 1
27 Aug 111111111111 12
28 Aug 1111111111111111111111 22
29 Aug 111111111111111111111 21
30 Aug 1
31 Aug 1111
360





3 wwII

30TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Old Hickory"


OCTOBER 1944 NOVEMBER 1944
2 Oct 11111111111111111111 21 3 Nov 1
3 Oct 1111111111111111 16 4 Nov 1
4 Oct 1111111111111111l11111111 25 5 Nov 1
5 Oct 111111111 9 7 Nov 1
6 Oct 1111111111111 13 8 Nov 11
7 Oct 111 9 Nov 1
8 Oct 111111111111111111111 21 11 Nov 1111
9 Oct 111111111 9 12 Nov 11
10 Oct 1111111 16 Nov 111111111111111 15
11 Oct 11111111 8 17 Nov 1111111111 10
12 Oct 1111111111111 13 18 Nov 11111
13 Oct 11 19 Nov 111111111 9
14 Oct 1111 20 Nov 1111111
15 Oct 111 21 Nov 1111111
16 Oct 1111111111111111111 19 22 Nov 11111111111 11
17 Oct 11111111 8 23 Nov 111111111111 12
18 Oct 1111111 24 Nov 11111111 8
19 Oct 111 25 Nov 1
20 Oct 11111 26 Nov 11111
21 Oct 11 27 Nov 1111111111111 13
22 Oct 11 28 Nov 1111111
23 Oct 1 30 Nov 1
24 Oct 11 124
26 Oct 1
27 Oct 1
28 Oct 111
29 Oct 1111
31 Oct 11
214





4 WWII


30TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Old Hickory"


DECEMBER 1944 JANUARY 1945
1 Dec 1 2 Jan 1
2 Dec 1 3 Jan 1
5 Dec 1 7 Jan 1
9 Dec 11 11 Jan 1
14 Dec 1 12 Jan 1
17 Dec 1 13 Jan 1111111111111111111111111111111111 36
18 Dec 1 14 Jan 11111111111111111111111 25
19 Dec 111111111111111 15 15 Jan 11111111111111111111111111 28
20 Dec 11111 16 Jan 11111111111111111 17
21 Dec 111111111111111111111111111 27 17 Jan 111
22 Dec 111111 18 Jan 11
23 Dec 1111 19 Jan 1111111111 10
24 Dec 11111111 8 20 Jan 111111
25 Dec 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 50 21 Jan 111111111 9
26 Dec 11 22 Jan 1
28 Dec 1 23 Jan 1111
29 Dec 11 24 Jan 1
30 Dec 1 26 Jan 1
31 Dec 11 28 Jan 11
131 150





5 WWII

30TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Old Hickory"


FEBRUARY 1945 MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
8 Feb 1 1 Mar 111 2 Apr 1111 3 May 1
10 Feb 1 2 Mar 1 3 Apr 11111111111 11 1
14 Feb 1 9 Mar 1 4 Apr 11
19 Feb 1111 10 Mar 1 6 Apr 1111
22 Feb 1 13 Mar 1 8 Apr 11
23 Feb 111111111111111111111111 24 15 Mar 1 11 Apr 1
24 Feb 1111111111111 13 18 Mar 1 12 Apr 11111
25 Feb 111111111111 12 23 Mar 11 13 Apr 1111
26 Feb 111 24 Mar 111111111111111111 18 14 Apr 111111
27 Feb 11111111111111111111 20 25 Mar 1111111111111111 16 15 Apr 11
28 Feb 11 26 Mar 111111111111111111 18 17 Apr 11111
27 Mar 1111 18 Apr 1111
2 28 Mar 111 19 Apr 1
29 Mar 1 29 Apr 1
31 Mar 152
72







30TH INFANTRY DIVISION'S
*bloodiest day 7 August 1944
bloodiest month July 1944
2nd bloodiest day 25 December 1944
3rd 25 July 1944
4th 16 July 1944
5th 26 July 1944
Total battle deaths 3,525
1,933 are listed=54.8 KIA-2,992



















31ST INFANTRY DIVISION "Dixie"

Originally-Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi National Guard
Activated (WW II)-25 November 1940
Returned To United States-12 December 1945
Inactivated-21 December 1945
Battle Credits, World War II: Northern New Guinea Morotai Mindanao
Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen John C. Persons November 1940-September 1944
Maj-Gen Clarence A. Martin September 1944-Inactivation

Combat Chronicle: The 31st Infantry Division, as is obviously indicated, consisted
of a great many men from the deep south, but long before the war was over it also
had many men in its ranks from northern states. Differences about the Civil War and
sometimes resulting fist-fights were long resolved and forgotten by the time the div-
ision got ready to go overseas. The 31st, after rigorous training at various camps
in the United States, including Camp Blanding, Florida, left the Hampton Roads, Vir-
ginia, port of embarkation on 12 March 1944.
The 31st arrived in Oro Bay, New Guinea, on 24 April 1944, and engaged in amphib-
ious training prior to entering combat.
The 31st's 124th Infantry Regiment caught a heavy assignment for its first action.
It was sent into the operation around Aitape, northern New Guinea, and had a major
part in breaking the back of the bypassed Japanese 18th Army, as it attempted to bat-
tle its way across the Driniumor River. 31 July 1944, was the 31st's bloodiest day
in this fighting, and losses were fairly heavy. Fighting continued on into early-
August, with the 124th accounting for some 3,000 Japanese.
Meanwhile, the 155th and 167th Infantry Regiments took part in the Wakde-Sarmi
operation, further west on the northern New Guinea coast, relieving the 6th Infantry
Division. Action was much lighter, but still, the two regiments accounted for more
than 1,000 Japanese while on the Maffin Bay perimeter, which guarded a 5th Air Force
airstrip.
On 15 September 1944, the 31st landed on the island of Morotai, while the 1st Mar-
ine and 81st Infantry Divisions assaulted the Palau Islands, further to the north.
Despite a treacherous landing beach, in which even bulldozers sank in the muck, the
Dixies quickly secured a beachhead against light resistance, and seized Pitoe Airdrome.
This action cut-off 20,000 Japanese troops on the larger island of Halmahera, just to
the south.
For seven months the 31st maintained a perimeter defense for the 13th Air Force.
Companies lived in outposts for weeks at a time, supplied by barge and plane. Men
spent their nights on guard in pillboxes, and patrols probed continuously into the
mountainous jungle for any Japanese driven into the interior of the island. In seven
months on Morotai, the 31st killed several thousand Japanese. During the occupation







of Morotai, elements of the division seized Mapia and the Asia Islands to find that
the Japanese had already evacuated from these places.
Then, on 22 April 1945, the 31st, in conjunction with the 24th Infantry Division,
landed on the southern side of the large island of Mindanao, in the southern Philipp-
ines. Moving up along the Sayre Highway and along the Kibawe-Talomo Trail, the 31st
fought the Japanese in head-high cogon grass and in deep rain forests, through knee-
deep mud and torrential rains. The Japanese withdrew into the interior and, as the
24th Division headed east toward the city of Davao, the 31st advanced northward, deep-
er into the wild region of central Mindanao. The Japanese resisted stubbornly, but
were defeated in a firefight at Misinsman on 1 May.
The 31st's bloodiest battle came when it met the Japs below the Maramag Airstrip.
Here, the fanatical enemy had dug-in beneath great tree roots. On 6-7 May 1945, two
battalion-sized attacks by the Americans were repulsed with heavy casualties. In
fact, 6 May 1945, was the 31st's bloodiest day in combat of the war. However, after
a few days, the Americans, supported by strong artillery fire, overran the enemy pos-
itions, and by 12 May, the Japanese had been routed from Colgan Woods. An enemy coun-
terattack was defeated, and the 155th Infantry Regiment then took over the point of
march. The 155th surprised a large group of Japanese sunning themselves along a stream.
In a quick attack the regiment wiped out all 96 of them while losing just one man.
The advance along the Talomo Trail was checked on 16 May 1945, but then continued
by the 167th Infantry Regiment.
The 31st continued on northward against deteriorating resistance by the Japanese
30th.Division. The 155th Infantry took the Japanese supply base at Malaybalay, 21
May, and Kalasungay the next day. On 23 May 1945, the 31st contacted the 108th Infan-
try Regiment, 40th Infantry Division which had landed on the northern coast of Mindan-
ao and advanced southward. The 31st then continued in dangerous mopping-up operations.
The division got its one Medal of Honor winner of the war, Corporal Harry R. Harr,
Company D, 124th Infantry Regiment, near Maglamin, Mindanao, 5 June 1945.
When an enemy grenade landed in the midst of a group of men, including himself, he
realized that under the circumstances he couldn't safely throw the unexploded missile.
Corporal Harr covered the grenade with his body, smothering the blast, and heroically
saving the lives of several of his fellow-soldiers at the cost of his own.
The 31st was commended by Lt General Robert L. Eichelberger, commanding the U.S.
8th Army, for its performance on Mindanao.
With the aid of large Filipino guerrilla units, the 31st continued mopping-up oper-
ations in the Agusan River sector along both the Kibawe-Talomo Trail and the Sayre High-
way, from Malaybalay to Valencia, until the end of the war on 14 August 1945. Follow-
ing the Japanese surrender, the 31st concentrated on accepting their capitulation on
Mindanao. The 31st returned home in December 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--1 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--418
Distinguished Unit Citations--3 Killed In Action---- 342
Distinguished Service Crosses--7 Wounded 1,392
Silver Stars 178 Missing 0
Captured 1
Total Casualties---1,733




1 WWII


31ST INFANTRY DIVISION "Dixie"

JULY 1944 AUGUST 1944 SEPTEMBER 1944 OCTOBER 1944
13 July 11 3 Aug 1111 6 Sept 1 7 Oct 1
14 July 111 4 Aug 1 16 Sept 11 8 Oct 1
15 July 11 5 Aug 11111 17 Sept 1 17 Oct 1
16 July 111 6 Aug 11 18 Sept 1 18 Oct 1
17 July 1 7 Aug 1 22 Sept 111 25 Oct 1
19 July 11 8 Aug 11111 23 Sept 1
20 July 11 11 Aug 1 5
21 July 111 13 Aug 1
22 July 11111 18 Aug 11
29 July 1111 29 Aug 1111
31 July 111111111 9 26
36




NOVEMBER 1944 DECEMBER 1944 JANUARY 1945 APRIL 1945
14 Nov 1 1 Dec 1 6 Jan 11 26 Apr 111111111 9
16 Nov 1111111 4 Dec 1 17 Jan 1 27 Apr 1
17 Nov 1 10 Dec 1 18 Jan 1
9 14 Dec 1 27 Jan 11
15 Dec 1 6
18 Dec 1
26 Dec 1
7





2 WWII

31ST INFANTRY DIVISION "Dixie"


MAY 1945 JUNE 1945 JULY 1945 AUGUST 1945
1 May 1 1 June 1 22 July 1 3 Aug 1
6 May 111111111111111111111111111111 30* 2 June 11111 1 9 Aug 1
7 May 1111 approx. 3 June 1 11 Aug 1
8 May 1 60)men 4 June 1 16 Aug 1
9 May 1 5 June 111111i
10 May 1 6 June 1
11 May 11111 7 June 1
15 May 11 8 June 1
17 May 1 9 June 1
20 May 11 12 June 1
21 May 11 13 June 1
22 May 1 16 June 11
23 May 1 17 June 11
25 May 1 18 June 1
27 May 11 19 June 11
29 May 1 20 June 1
30 May 11 22 June 111111
25 June 11
58 26 June 11
27 June 11
28 June 111
43




31ST INFANTRY DIVISION'S
*bloodiest day -6 May 1945
bloodiest month May 1945
2nd bloodiest day ---31 July 1944 and 26 April 1945
3rd bloodiest day--- 16 November 1944
Total battle deaths -418
214 are listed=51.]- KIA-342


















36TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Texans"

Originally-Texas National Guard

Activated (W II)-25 November 1940

Returned To United States-15 December 1945

Inactivated-15 December 1945

Battle Credits, World War II: Salerno Beachhead Southern Italy Anzio Rome-Arno
Southern Prance Vosges Mountains Alsace
Siegfried Line Rhineland Central Europe
Days In Combat-400

Commnling Generals (During Combat, W II):
Maj-Gen Fred L. Walker September 1941-June 1944
Maj-Gen John E. Dahlquist July 1944-November 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 36th Infantry Division first saw action during World War I, in the
Meuse-Argonne campaign.
In. World War II, it was the first U.S. division to land on. continental Europe.
The 36th Division landed in North Africa, 13 April 1943, and trained at Arew and Rabat.
Then, on 9 September 1943, it landed at Paestum on the Gulf of Salerno. The 36th's ap-
tism of fire was a bloody one. The crack 16th Panzer Division, veteran of the Russian Front,
was waiting slightly inland from the beachhead, and commenced strong counterattacks, as lat-
er did the 29th Panzer Grenadier Division. Meanwhile, two British divisions, British coma-
andos, and a U.S. ranger battalion had landed to the left (west) of the 36th, and the next
day, the U.S. 45th Infantry Division landed. Other formidable German units began attacks
on the entire beachhead, and for several days the issue was critical, but tenacious Allied
resistance, and fire from an artillery battalion of the U.S. 34th Division and accurate off-
shore naval gunfire helped save the situation. The Allies grimly hung on and slowly began
forcing their way inland, the 36th securing the area from Agropoli to Altavilla. It was in
the battle for Altavilla that the 36th produced one of the most famous heroes of the war,
Corporal Charles E. "Comando" Kelly, Company L, 143rd Infantry Regiment, 13 September 1943.
Corporal Kelly voluntarily joined a patrol and located and neutralized enemy gun posit-
ions. Again voluntarily, he made his way under intense fire to a hill a mile away, report-
ing on his return that it was held by the Germans. Joining another patrol, he helped put 2
machine-guns out of action. He then found an ammunition dump under fire, and joined in its
defense. Corporal Kelly protected his position from the upper floor of a farmhouse all that
night, and was under constant attack from the enemy in other buildings, in ditches and gull-
ies, and from nearby heights.
That following morning the Germans readied for an all-out assault. Corporal Kelly fired
with his rifle, a bazooka, then with a BAR--and then, as the Germans surged forward, with
60 mm mortar shells. He did this by pulling out the safety pin which neutralizes the prop-
elling charge and the cap which sets off the charge. Then he gently tapped the shell on a
window ledge and listened anxiously. He heard the sound of the second pin inside falling,








and knew he had a live bomb in his hands. The Germans were about to rush the house any sec-
ond. He threw the shell as one would throw a football, hard as he could, and there was a
heavy explosion. When the smoke cleared away, a ditch was filled with sprawled Germans. He
threw numerous mortar shells at the enemy in this manner, inflicting heavy casualties, and
then, he and some other men in the building made their escape during that night. Corporal
Kelly survived the war to later receive the Medal of Honor-one of 14 awarded to men of the
36th Infantry Division.
After the Salerno beachhead was secured by 17 September 1943, the 36th was given a rest,
returning to the front on 15 November, and relieving the 3rd Infantry Division.
In early-December 1943, the 5th Army began "Operation Raincoat", aptly named since, dur-
ing this period, "sunny Italy" was not so sunny. The weather was unusually bleak and rainy,
and the nights were bitter cold. This operation was aimed at breaking the German Winter Line,
just south of Cassino. In some of the most rugged fighting of the war, the 36th fought such
memorable battles as Monte Lungo, Monte Samnucro, a particularly tough battle, Monte Trocch-
io, and the bitter 10-day battle for San Pietro.
Before San Pietro could be taken, the Germans had to be forced off of these heights in
very strenuous fighting. Often, supplies had to be brought up by pack-mule, and the Germans
had all the advantages of the defender. It was a rifleman's war under grueling hardships,
and it was during this time that famed war correspondent Ernie Pyle hooked up with the 36th.
He soon wrote one of the most moving stories to come out of the war about a beloved company
commander who was killed in action, Captain Henry T. Waskow. This article later was the
principal theme far "GI Joe", the movie about Ernie's war experiences.
It wasn't until Christmas Eve, 1943, when a final desperate attack was made by weary el-
ements of the 141st Infantry Regiment, that the key hill mass of Sammucro was seized, fin-
ally forcing the Germans out of San Pietro after their position had become untenable. John
Huston made a 30-minute film of part of the Battle of San Pietro, which has come to be con-
sidered, by many, the best film to come out of the war.
Then, in January 1944, in conjunction with the 34th Infantry Division's assault on Cassino,
two regiments of the 36th were assigned the extremely difficult task of assaulting across
the narrow, but swift-flowing Rapide River. Crack German grenadiers raked them with mortar,
machine-gun, and rifle fire and the attack failed. But the Texans had fought courageously
against overwhelming odds. Meanwhile, the 142nd Infantry Regiment was helping the 34th Div-
ision's valiant, but abortive attempt to take Cassino.
Following the savage battle at the Rapido, the 36th was given 7 weeks of rest, and then
re-entered the fighting. It joined the forces at the Anzio beachhead, 25 May 1944, and help-
ed in the breakout from the beachhead in very heavy fighting. In fact, it was such tough
going for the Americans and British in trying to break the seemingly iron ring of German de-
fenses south of Rome, that they again were almost stalemated. But then, in a brilliant man-
euver, the 36th succeeded in locating a small gap in the German lines, exploited this advan-
tage in some skillful night maneuvering, and captured the key town of Velletri. This paved
the way for the fall of Rome, which the Allies finally entered on 4 June 1944---two days be-
fare the invasion of Normandy. If Generals Alexander and Clark received the key to "the
eternal city", it was the 36th which turned that key and handed it to them.
The men of the 36th hoped for some well-deserved time in Rome, but they never got it. In-
stead, they were ordered to continue on north along the western coast. Sharp, but fairly
short, resistance was met in the hills around Magliano. The division then advanced as far
north as Piombino, 26 June, before being pulled back to Paestum for rest and recuperation.
The Texans made their second amphibious assault landing of the war, this time in south-
ern France on 15 August 1944. They met the stiffest opposition of any of the assault for-
ces, but it was not of lengthy duration, and most objectives were quickly obtained. Advan-
cing up the Rh6ne River Valley, Montelimar fell on 28 August, after a raging battle, and a
large part of the German 19th Army was badly shot-up as it retreated to the north. Mean-
while, the 143rd Infantry Regiment had captured the city of Grenoble, toward the Swiss fron-
tier.
Along with the 3rd and 45th Infantry Divisions and French units, the 36th then continued
north. It fought through Luxeuil, the WW I base of the famous Lafayette Esoadrille, and
then to the Moselle River at Remiremont, at the base of the high Vosges. Here, the Germans








put up bitter resistance.
The Moselle was one of the Germans' heaviest fixed lines of defense, but the Texans
outwitted the defenders. Led by the 70-year old mayor of Baon-aux-Bois, who knew the riv-
er well, the 141st Infantry, wading waist-deep, sneaked across a little-known ford during
the night and established a bridgehead. Recovering from their surprise, the Germans turn-
ed murderous fire on the battalions, but the Americans drove on into the forests that cov-
er the slopes of the Vosges. The famous Japanese American 442nd Infantry Regiment, which
was attached to the 36th at this time, distinguished itself with a gallant attack which
took Bruyeres, and also fought through to a battalion of the 36th which had become surr-
ounded, and saved its men from probable annihilation. Mines, artillery, and snipers made
the battle in the forests a nightmare.
In a grinding offensive, the 36th crossed the Meurthe River, fought through the burning
town of Corcieux, breached the 2,900-foot high Ste. Marie Pass, and entered the flat Alsat-
ian Plain.
On 6 December 191, in and around Silestat, the Germans began a series of strong and
skillful attacks, the object of which was nothing less than to destroy the 36th Division.
The Germans used first-rate troops in these vicious attacks, including SS elements. In
some of the division's most desperate fighting of the war, all of these enemy assaults were
hurled back with very heavy losses to the Germans, and one battalion of the 36th was award-
ed the Distinguished Unit Citation. Shortly after, the 36th was pulled out of the line af-
ter 122 consecutive days of combat. But not for very long.
On 1 January 1945, the Germans opened a furious offensive in northern Alsace with some
14 divisions, right at the heighth of the Battle of the Bulge, raging to the northwest.
The 36th was rushed northward to help stop the Germans who were attacking with great elan.
By 3 January, the entire division had taken up defensive positions in the area about Ment-
bronn, 10 miles southwest of Bitche. In very hard fighting the Germans dented the line be-
tween Lemberg and Gbtzenbruck, but this loss was restored before dark of the same day. Af-
ter 6 January, enemy attacks in the 36th's sector were contained, and then gradually died
down, as the Germans became discouraged at what little success they had had in this area.
However, over in the extreme right flank of the U.S. 7th Army sector, it was another
story. In the area between Gambeheim and Drusenheim, the Germans had managed to force a
dangerous bridgehead over the Rhine with two crack divisions, the elite 10th SS Panzer Div-
ision and the 553rd Volksgrenadier. A furious battle soon developed. The U.S. 12th Arm-
ored Division, attempting to eliminate this bridgehead, 16-18 January, was thrown back with
considerable losses. The U.S. 79th Infantry Division was also having a rough time of it
northeast of Haguenau in beating back repeated enemy assaults. To bolster and save this
critical situation, the 36th was ordered from Montbronn, save for the 141st Infantry which
remained in that area and was attached to the 100th Infantry Division.
The weather was still bitter cold as the 143rd Infantry moved in to support the 12th Ar-
mored on 19 January. The furious fighting continued, but a big turning point in the battle
was when Lt. Colonel Marion P. Bowden led his battalion in a determined counterattack that
killed 83 men and captured 176 more from the 10th SS Panzer, some of Germany's best troops.
After this, the enemy pressure in this area gradually sputtered out, as the snow fell to
a heavy 12-inch covering. Artificial moonlight at night (searchlights reflecting off of
the low ceiling, overcast sky) detected the slightest enemy movements. By the end of Jan-
uary, the entire German offensive had come to a halt.
In early-February 1945, the 36th fought back to regain lost ground and smashed into Ober-
hoffen and Herrlisheim, both of which the Germans bitterly contested. In fact, they resist-
ed fanatically, and it was bitter house-to-house combat. Opening American attacks on Herr-
lisheim were thrown back, but the Gerans were eventually forced to evacuate the town. In
Oberhoffen it was a violent struggle almost 2 weeks long in which the 36th had two more Med-
al of Honor winners, 2nd Lt Edward Dahlgren and 8gt Emile Deleau,Jr. of the l42nd Infantry
Regiment.
SgtDeleau won his award posthumously. He was in Company A, and led his squad in a night
attack on Oberhoffen on 1 February 1945. After clearing one building, he moved his men to-
ward a second house from which came heavy machine-gun fire. He courageously ran forward,
firing his subnachinegun as he went, until close enough to hurl a grenade through a window,








killing 3 Germans and wrecking their gun. His progress was then stopped by heavy rifle
and machine-gun fire from another house. Sgt Deleau dashed through the door, his gun
blazing, and captured 10 Germans. His squad then took up a position for the night and
waited for daylight to resume the attack.
At dawn on 2 February, Sgt Deleau pressed forward with his unit and killed 2 snipers,
when more machine-gun fire barred the way. Despite this fire, he raced across an open
area and killed the 2-man crew of this gun with a grenade. Working to the front of a
building, he located another machine-gun. Finding it impossible to toss a grenade at it
from his protected position, he fearlessly moved away from the building and was about to
hurl a grenade when he was instantly killed by a burst from the gun he sought to knock out.
With magnificent courage and daring aggressiveness, Sgt Deleau cleared four well-defend-
ed houses of the enemy, and, at the sacrifice of his own life, aided his entire battalion
to reach its objective with minimum casualties.
Then, after a rest period, as part of an all-out 7th Army offensive to smash the Sieg-
fried Line, beginning 15 March 1945, the 36th slashed forward in yet more furious fighting,
hitting the fortifications at Wissembourg. On the 36th's left flank was the U.S. 103rd Inf-
antry Division, and on the right, next to the Rhine, was the 3rd Algerian Division of the
French 1st Army. It took several days of heavy fighting against German artillery, rocket,
mortar, machine-gun, and rifle fire before the 36th smashed through and into the Palatinate.
After helping to mop-up the enemy in this region, the 36th got a well-deserved and lengthy
rest.
Toward the end of the war in Europe, the 36th was moved deep into Bavaria where it rel-
ieved the 63rd Infantry Division at Landsberg on 29 April 1945. Continuing the advance on
eastward below the Alps, the 36th captured Field Marshal von Rundstedt at Bad Tolz, 1 May,
and then, at Rosenheim, captured the number two ranked Nazi, portly Hermann Gbring.
Elements of the division then turned south into Austria-some men noted in mock alarm-
back toward Italy. Kitzbihel and other smaller villages and towns were taken, and then the
Germans finally surrendered on 8 May 1945.
The 36th was one of the great-fighting American divisions of World War II, having seen
more than its share of the war. The 36th returned home in December 1945, although many of
its men had rotated back to the United States much earlier.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor-14 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-3,890
Distinguished Unit Citations- 12 Killed In Action- 3,318
Distinguished Service Crosses---80 Wounded 14,190
Silver Stars 2,354 Missing 494
Captured 2,650
Total Casualties- 20,652

* One to the entire 142nd Infantry Regiment--Siegfried Line (Alsace-Germany)

Other 36th Infantry Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II: Killed in action *

T/5 Grade Bernard P. Bell, 142nd Inf Rgt, 18 Dec 1944, near Mittelwihr, Alsace, France
1st Lt Arnold L. Bjorklund, 142nd Inf Rgt, 13 September 1943, Salerno beachhead, Italy
T/5 Grade Charles H. Coolidge, 141st Inf Rgt, 24-27 Oct 1944, east of Belmont-sur-Buttant,
France
T/5 Grade Morris E. Crain, 141st Inf Rgt, 13 March 1945, Haguenau, Alsace, France
Pvt William J. Crawford, 142nd Inf Rgt, 13 September 1943, Salerno beachhead, Italy
Sgt Edward C. Dahlgren, 142nd Inf Rgt, 11 February 1945, Oberhoffen, Alsace, France
2nd Lt Stephen R. Gregg, 143rd Inf Rgt, 27 August 1944, near Montglimar, France
Pfc Silvestre S. Herrera, 142nd Inf Rgt, 15 March 1945, near Mertzwiller, Alsace, France
Sgt James M. Logan, 141st Inf Rgt, 9 September 1943, near Salerno, Italy
S/Sgt Thomas E. McCall, 143rd Inf Rgt, 22 January 1944, near San Angelo, Italy
Sgt Ellis R. Weicht, 142nd Inf Rgt, 3 December 1944, St. Hippolyte, Alsace, France
S/Sgt Homer L. Wise, 142nd Inf Rgt, 14 June 1944, Magliano, Italy





1 WWII

36TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Texans"

SEPTEMBER 1943 NOVEMBER 1943 DECEMBER 1943
9 Sept 111111111111111111111111111111 16 Nov 1 2 Dec 1
111111111111111111111111111111 60* 17 Nov 1111 3 Dec 111111111 9
10 Sept 11 approx. 19 Nov 1111111111111111 16 4 Dec 111
11 Sept 11111 110*men 21 Nov 1111111 5 Dec 111
12 Sept 11 22 Nov 1111 6 Dec 1
13 Sept 11111111111111111111 20 23 Nov 111111 7 Dec 1111
14 Sept 11111111111 11 24 Nov 11 8 Dec 11111111111 11
15 Sept 111111 25 Nov 11111111 8 9 Dec 111111111111111111111111111111 30
16 Sept 1111111 26 Nov 11 10 Dec 111111111 9
17 Sept 11 27 Nov 11 11 Dec 1
18 Sept 1 28 Nov 1 12 Dec 11
19 Sept 1111 29 Nov 11 13 Dec 1111
20 Sept 11 30 Nov 11 14 Dec 111111111 9
23 Sept 1111111111111 13 15 Dec 11111111111111111 17
24 Sept 11111111 8 57 16 Dec 111111111111111 15
30 Sept 1 17 Dec 1111
144 18 Dec 111111
19 Dec 111111
20 Dec 1111111111 10
OCTOBER 1943 21 Dec 11111111 8
3 Oct 111 22 Dec 1
4 Oct 1111111 23 Dec 11
6 Oct 1 24 Dec 111
26 Dec 1
11 27 Dec 11
28 Dec 1
29 Dec 1
31 Dec 1
165





2 WWII

36TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Texans"


JANUARY 1944 FEBRUARY 1944
1 Jan 11 1 Feb 1111111
4 Jan 1 2 Feb 1111111
7 Jan 1 3 Feb 1111111
9 Jan 1 4 Feb 11111111111111111 17
15 Jan 111 5 Feb 111111111111111 15
16 Jan 111111 6 Feb 111
17 Jan 1 7 Feb 111111111 9
18 Jan 1111111 8 Feb 111111
19 Jan 1 9 Feb 11111111 8
20 Jan 11111 10 Feb 11
21 Jan 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 57 11 Feb 111111111111111111111 21
22 Jan 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 60* 12 Feb 1111111111111111111111111111111 31
23 Jan 11111111111111111111111111111111111 35 approx. 13 Feb 11111111 8
24 Jan 111111111 9 1lO10en 14 Feb 1111
25 Jan 111111111 9 15 Feb 1
26 Jan 1111 16 Feb 1111
27 Jan 1111111 17 Feb 1111111
28 Jan 11 18 Feb 11111
29 Jan 11 19 Feb 11111
30 Jan 1111 20 Feb 1111
31 Jan 1111111111 10 21 Feb 11
24 Feb 1111111
227 25 Feb 111
26 Feb 11
27 Feb 11
187





3 WWII

36TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Texans"

MARCH 1944 JUNE 1944 AUGUST 1944
1 Mar 1 1 June 111111111111111111111111 24 15 Aug 111111111111111 15
3 Mar 1 2 June 11111111111111111111 20 16 Aug 1111111111111111111111111 25
5 Mar 1 3 June 1111111111111111111 19 17 Aug 1111111
11 Mar 1 4 June 1111111111 10 18 Aug 1
18 Mar 1 5 June 1111111 19 Aug 1111111
6 June 1 20 Aug 1111
9 June 111 22 Aug 1
11 June 111111111111111111 18 23 Aug 111111
MAY 1944 12 June 111111111 9 24 Aug 1111111
13 June 1111111111 10 25 Aug 1111111111111 13
25 May 1 14 June 111111111111111111111 21 26 Aug 11111111111111 14
26 May 1 15 June 111 27 Aug 111111111111111111 18
27 May 1 16 June 1 28 Aug 1111111111111111 16
28 May 11111111111111 15 17 June 11111111111111 14 29 Aug 1111111111 10
29 May 1111111111111 13 18 June 111111 30 Aug 1111111111111 13
30 May 11111111111 11
3 May 111 19 June 1111 31 Aug 1
31 May 1111111111 10 20 June 111
20 June 111 158
53 21 June 111
22 June 1111111
23 June 11111
24 June 11
190





4 WWII


36TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Texans"

SEPTEMBER 1944 OCTOBER 1944 NOVEMBER 1944 DECEMBER 1944
1 Sept 1 1 Oct 1111 1 Nov 111 1 Dec 111111
7 Sept 1 2 Oct 11111111 8 2 Nov 11111 2 Dec 11111111 8
8 Sept 1 3 Oct 11111111 8 3 Nov 1 3 Dec 1111I
9 Sept 111111 4 Oct 1111111111 10 4 Nov 1 4 Dec 111
10 Sept 1 5 Oct 111111111111 12 5 Nov 11111 5 Dec 111
11 Sept 11 6 Oct 11111111111 11 6 Nov 1 6 Dec 111111
12 Sept 111111111 9 7 Oct 111111111 9 7 Nov 1111 7 Dec 111111
13 Sept 11111 8 Oct 111111111111 12 9 Nov 1111111 8 Dec 1111
14 Sept 1111111 9 Oct 11 10 Nov 11111111 8 9 Dec 1111111111111 13
15 Sept 111 10 Oct 11 11 Nov 111 10 Dec 11
16 Sept 111 11 Oct 111 14 Nov 11 11 Dec 111111111 9
17 Sept 111 12 Oct 111 15 Nov 111 12 Dec 1111111
18 Sept 1 13 Oct 11111 17 Nov 1 13 Dec 11111111111 11
19 Sept 1111 14 Oct 11 20 Nov 1 14 Dec 1111111111111111 16
20 Sept 1 15 Oct 1111 21 Nov 1 15 Dec 1111111111 10
21 Sept 111111111111111111111111111 27 16 Oct 111111 22 Nov 111111111 9 16 Dec 1111111111 10
22 Sept 1111111111111111111111 22 17 Oct 1111111111 10 23 Nov 1111111111111 13 17 Dec 111111111 9
23 Sept 11 18 Oct 111 24 Nov 1 18 Dec 11111
24 Sept 1 19 Oct 111 25 Nov 111 19 Dec 111
25 Sept 11111111111111111111 20 20 Oct 111111 26 Nov 111111 20 Dec 11
26 Sept 111 21 Oct 111 27 Nov 11111 27 Dec 1
27 Sept 111111111 9 22 Oct 11 28 Nov 111111111111 12 29 Dec 11
28 Sept 1111111111111111 16 23 Oct 11 29 Nov 11111 141
29 Sept 11111111111111111111 20 24 Oct 11111 30 Nov 1111111111 10
30 Sept 111111111111111 15 25 Oct 1111111 1
183 26 Oct 11111111 8
27 Oct 111111
29 Oct 1111
30 Oct 1111
31 Oct 11111111 8
172





5 WWII


36TH INFANTRY DIVISION. "Texans"

JANUARY 1945 FEBRUARY 1945 MARCH 1945
2 Jan 1111 1 Feb 1111111 2 Mar 11
3 Jan 111 2 Feb 11111 5 Mar 1
4 Jan 111 3 Feb 11111111111111111111 20 7 Mar 1
6 Jan 1 4 Feb 11111111 8 13 Mar 111i
7 Jan 1 5 Feb 1 15 Mar 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 42
8 Jan 111 6 Feb 1 16 Mar 111111111111111111 18
9 Jan 1 8 Feb 11 17 Mar 111111111 9
14 Jan 11 9 Feb 1 18 Mar 11111111 8
17 Jan 1 10 Feb 1111111111111 13 19 Mar 1111111111111111 16
18 Jan 11 11 Feb 1111111 20 Mar 1111111111111 13
19 Jan 1 12 Feb 11111 21 Mar 11111111111111111111 20
20 Jan 11 15 Feb 111 22 Mar 111111111111 12
21 Jan 1111111111111111 16 21 Feb 1 23 Mar 1111
22 Jan 111111111 9 23 Feb 1 24 Mar 111
23 Jan 1111 25 Feb 1 26 Mar 1
24 Jan 1 26 Feb 1 28 Mar 11
25 Jan 1 27 Feb 1 29 Mar 1
29 Jan 1 7
31 Jan 11111111 8
64






6 WWII

36TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Texans"


APRIL 1945 MAY 1945 JULY 1945
1 Apr 1 1 May 1 20 July 1
2 Apr 1 2 May 111
13 Apr 111 4 May 1
18 Apr 11111 29 May 1
30 Apr 11 6
12
















36TH INFANTRY DIVISION'S
*bloodiest day -.9 September 1943 or 22 January 1944
bloodiest month January 1944
3rd bloodiest day 21 January 1944
4th 15 March 1945
5th 23 January 1944
6th 12 February 1944
7th 9 December 1943
Total battle deaths 3,890
2,121 are listed=54.5% KIA-3,318


















43RD INFANTRY DIVISION "Winged Victory"

Originally-New England National Guard
Activated (WW II)-24 February 1941
Returned To United States-19 October 1945
Inactivated-26 October 1945
Battle Credits, World War II: New Georgia Northern New Guinea Luzon
Commanding Generals (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen John H. Hester August 1941-July 1943
Maj-Gen Leonard F. Wing August 1943-Inactivation

Combat Chronicle: The 43rd Infantry Division has elements which trace all the
way back to 1739. The 43rd was first organized in 1925 with men from Vermont,
Maine, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.
In World War II, after training in both the Louisiana and Carolina maneuvers,
the 43rd moved to Camp Shelby, Mississippi, and then to Ft. Ord, California, by
September 1942. The 43rd left the San Francisco port of embarkation on 1 Octob-
er 1942.
The division landed in New Zealand on 23 October 1942. It next sailed to
Noumea, New Caledonia, in November, and then on to Guadalcanal by 17 February
1943, in time to aid in the mopping-up of Japanese stragglers on that recently
embattled island.
The Russell Islands, just northwest of Guadalcanal, were occupied without
opposition, 21 February 1943, and training continued. Elements landed on Van-
gunu and Rendova against minor resistance on 30 June 1943.
And then the war began in earnest for the Winged Victory Division. On 5 July
1943, the 43rd, along with Marine Raider battalions and naval units, landed on
New Georgia, in the central Solomons. In area, New Georgia is somewhat smaller
than Guadalcanal.
The 43rd bore the brunt of the fighting on New Georgia. For over a month, in
what many authorities consider the roughest, dirtiest battle of the early war in
the Pacific, the 43rd struggled for Munda Airfield. As yet, largely inexperienced
in the ways of jungle fighting, the division was opposed by crack Japanese units.
All of the tricks of the Japanese which eventually became old stuff to our troops,
were strange to the men of the 43rd on New Georgia. The enemy often spoke English,
and Jap snipers tied themselves to trees. One Japanese trick was to at night of-
ten leave one of their men exposed in the moonlight, sometimes even calling out to
the Americans, in the hope of drawing their fire. In this way, they hoped to loc-
ate their positions in the jungle.
On 9 July 1943, the 169th and 172nd Infantry Regiments, supported by artillery
and naval guns, as well as the Air Force, opened the attack on strategic Munda
Airfield. At first, there was very little progress as the Japanese resisted ten-
aciously and skillfully, and with heavy rains and acute supply problems further
hampering operations. For awhile, the 43rd was stalemated in bitter fighting








under strenuous conditions. By the llth, some progress had been made, but the
supply situation had become critical.
By 16 July, the 172nd Infantry had extended the Laiana beachhead, while the
169th Infantry took an important hill, as the intense fighting continued.
Then, on the following day, the Japanese launched a very skillful and co-
ordinated counterattack, but the valiant 43rd withstood this assault. Three
days later, the battered 169th Infantry Regiment was relieved by the 145th Inf-
antry Regiment, 37th Infantry Division. Large elements of the 25th Infantry
Division also arrived on the embattled island, but the going was still very
tough.
On 25 July 1943, the 43rd and 37th Infantry Divisions opened a renewed ass-
ault on Munda, and the Japanese still resisted tenaciously. Nevertheless, the
103rd Infantry Regiment of the 43rd took Ilangana and reached the coast at Kia
the next day.
The intense fighting continued unabated, but on 29 July 1943, a courageous
Army officer of the 43rd played a vital role in breaking the deadlock. The
172nd Infantry Regiment was exhausted after prolonged fighting and heavy cas-
ualties. Lieutenant Robert S. Scott led his company toward a Japanese-held
hill salient, urging his men forward in the face of enemy machinegun and rifle
fire.
Suddenly, the Japanese made a desperate counterattack, which if successful
would have gained them undisputed control of this hill. Enemy riflemen charg-
ed out onto a plateau, firing their rifles and throwing grenades as they rush-
ed forward. His company began to fall back, but Lt Scott, with only a blasted
tree stump for cover, stood his ground against the wild Jap onslaught. Firing
his carbine and throwing grenades, he momentarily stopped this assault, using
this respite to obtain more grenades.
Although under intense fire, and suffering a bullet wound in the left hand
and a shrapnel wound in the head, Lt Scott threw grenade after grenade with
devastating accuracy until the beaten enemy retreated.
The Americans, inspired by Lt Scott's courage, swept across the plateau to
capture the hill. From this strategic position, his men, aided by elements of
the 37th Infantry Division, four days later captured Munda Airfield, 5 August
1943. Lieutenant (later Captain Scott) was later awarded the Medal of Honor.
Soon after the capture of Munda, the remaining Japanese evacuated New Georgia.
Then, on 21 August 1943, the 172nd Infantry Regiment seized Baanga Island
against moderate resistance.
On 27 August 1943, the 172nd landed on Arundel and met determined opposition.
This regiment was reinforced, and it then cleared Bobmoe Peninsula by 20 Sept-
ember 1943. In all these operations the 43rd lost 581 men.
The 43rd sailed back to New Zealand for rest and rehabilitation beginning on
23 January 1944.
Northern New Guinea was the next stop for the 43rd. On 19 July 1944, the
division assumed defensive positions at Aitape. The 43rd had a relatively minor
role in this operation, the only action of any consequence for the division being
from 3-7 August 1944, when the 43rd had a hand in stopping large elements of Jap-
anese from crossing the Driniumor River. Organized enemy resistance in this reg-
ion of New Guinea was ended by 25 August 1944.
Then, on 9 January 1945, the 43rd was one of 4 U.S. divisions which launched
the initial invasion of Luzon, in the Philippines. From north to south, landing
at Lingayen Gulf, were the 43rd, 6th, 37th, and 40th Infantry Divisions.
During the rest of January 1945, on Luzon, no other division sustained heavier
casualties than did the 43rd Infantry Division. While other divisions headed to
the south toward Manila, the 43rd headed north into the Cabaruan Hills, and al-
most immediately ran into tenacious Japanese resistance. Several high hills were
taken 21 January 1945, after very heavy fighting. The 169th Infantry Regiment
next fought the battle for Hill 355, 15-24 January, while the 172nd Infantry Reg-







iment took Hill 900 and secured Rosario by 26 January 1945. During this fight-
ing all of the division beat back a number of vicious Japanese counterattacks.
Attached to the 43rd during this period was the 158th Infantry Regiment.
The 172nd and 158th Infantry linked-up at Cataguintingan on 27 January, open-
ing the Damortis-Rosario Road. The 43rd then consolidated along the Baguio
Front, and was relieved by the 33rd Infantry Division on 15 February 1945.
Soon after, the 43rd was sent down into southwestern Luzon, and relieved the
40th Infantry Division in the wild Zambales Mountains by 2 March 1945. The 43rd
helped to end organized Japanese resistance in this region.
After this, the division was moved into East-Central Luzon (east of Manila)
against the strong defenses of the Japanese Shimbu Line. At this time, March-
April 1945, the 1st Cavalry and 6th Infantry Divisions and the 112th Cavalry
Regiment were also seeing bitter fighting in this region against some 15,000
Japanese troops.
After some exhausting, grueling combat in these hills in which the enemy had
some very intricate cave/tunnel defense works, the 43rd succeeded in turning the
left flank of the enemy defenses. It brilliantly was able to slash through the
Jap defenses in its sector of front and capture, intact, the vital Ipo Dam on
17 May 1945, aided by some 3,000 Filipino guerrilla forces. (The other vital
dam in this region, Wawa Dam, was taken, also intact, by the 38th Infantry Div-
ision on 29 May 1945).
Mopping-up in the Ipo Dam sector lasted until 2 June 1945, when the 43rd was
then moved to the Wawa-Mt. Haponang vicinity, and fought there, 26-30 June 1945.
On 1 July 1945, the division was moved to Cabanatuan, in central Luzon, and
trained for the invasion of Japan.
After garrison duty in Manila during September 1945, the 43rd then left the
Philippines for a short period of occupational duty in Japan. The 43rd left for
home in October 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--2 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-l,514
Distinguished Unit Citations--5 Killed In Action--1,213
Distinguished Service Crosses-75 Wounded 5,187
Silver Stars 987 Missing 9
Captured 2
Total Casualties--6,411

* One to the entire 169th Infantry Regiment--Luzon

Other 43rd Infantry Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II:
S/Sgt Robert E. Laws, 169th Inf Rgt, 12 January 1945, Pangasinan Province, Luzon





1 WWII


43RD INFANTRY DIVISION "Winged Victory"


JUNE 1943 JULY 1943 AUGUST 1943 JULY 1944
23 June 1111 1 July 11 2 Aug 1 14 July 1
30 June 11111 2 July 111111111111111111111111111 27 3 Aug 11111111 8 29 July 1
3 July 1 4 Aug 1
9 4 July 111 6 Aug 1 2
5 July 1 12 Aug 1
6 July 111 15 Aug 11111 AUGUST 1944
7 July 1 16 Aug 11
8 July 1 19 Aug 111 2 Aug 1
9 July 111 20 Aug 111 3 Aug 1111
10 July 1111111 21 Aug 11111111 8 4 Aug 11
11 July 111 7 Aug 1111
12 July 1111111 33 11 Aug 1
13 July 11111111 8 14 Aug 1
14 July 1111111 SEPTEMBER 1943 13
15 July 11111111 8
16 July 11111111111 11 9 Sept 11
17 July Iiiiiiiiii 20 11 Sept 1111 SEPTEMBER 1944
17 July 11111111111111111111 20 1 et
12 Sept 1
18 July 11111111111 11 13 Sept 1 7 Sept 1
19 July 111111111111111 15 14 Sept 1 20 Sept 1
20 July 111 ep
21 July 1 Sept
23 July 11 ep
24 July 1 11
25 July 111111111111111 15
26 July 111111
27 July 1111111111111111 16
28 July 11
29 July 11
30 July 11111111 8
31 July 111
198





2 WWII

43RD INFANTRY DIVISION "Winged Victory"


JANUARY 1945 FEBRUARY 1945 MARCH 1945
9 Jan 111111111111111111 18 1 Feb 111 2 Mar 1
10 Jan 1111 2 Feb 1 4 Mar 1
11 Jan 111111 3 Feb 11 5 Mar 11
12 Jan 111111111111111111 18 6 Feb 11111111 8 6 Mar 11111
13 Jan 11111111111 11 7 Feb 1 7 Mar 1
14 Jan 111111111111111111111111111111111 33X 8 Feb 1 8 Mar 11
15 Jan 11111111 8 approx. 9 Feb 1 9 Mar 11111
16 Jan 1111111111111 13 55Xmen 10 Feb 11 10 Mar 1111111
17 Jan 111111111111111111 18 11 Feb 1 11 Mar 11
18 Jan 11111111111111111111 20 12 Feb 1 12 Mar 111
19 Jan 11111111111111111111111 23 13 Feb 11 13 Mar 1111
20 Jan 111111111111111111111111 24 15 Feb 1 14 Mar 111111111 9
21 Jan 111111111 9 22 Feb 1 16 Mar 111111
22 Jan 1111111111111111 16 27 Feb 1 17 Mar 111111
23 Jan 1111111111 10 26 18 Mar 111
24 Jan 1111111111111111111111 22 19 Mar 1111111111111111111 19
25 Jan 1111111111111111 16 21 Mar 111111111111111 15
26 Jan 1111111 22 Mar 1111111111 10
27 Jan 1111111111111 13 23 Mar 1
28 Jan 1111111 24 Mar 1
29 Jan 11111111111 11 27 Mar 1
30 Jan 11 28 Mar 1
31 Jan 11 29 Mar 11111
311 110





3 WWII

43RD INFANTRY DIVISION "Winged Victory"


APRIL 1945 MAY 1945 JUNE 1945 JULY 1945
1 Apr 11 5 May 11 3 June 1 18 July 1
4 Apr 11 7 May 1 5 June 11
5 Apr 11111 8 May 1111111111 10 6 June 11
6 Apr 11 9 May 11 14 June 1
7 Apr 11 10 May 1 20 June 1
8 Apr 111 11 May 111 22 June 1
9 Apr 11 12 May 1 30 June 1
11 Apr 11 13 May 11111 8
15 Apr 1 14 May 11111
16 Apr 1 15 May 11111111 8
17 Apr 11 16 May 11111
20 Apr 1 17 May 111111
21 Apr 1 19 May 1
22 Apr 1 23 May 1
24 Apr 1 24 May 111
25 Apr 11 25 May 1
27 Apr 1111111111111 13 27 May 111
29 Apr 1
30 Apr 1
45






43RD INFANTRY DIVISION'S
*bloodiest day 14 January 1945
bloodiest month January 1945
2nd bloodiest day 2 July 1943
3rd bloodiest day -20 January 1945
Total battle deaths-- 1,514
827 are listed=54.6% KIA-1,213



















63BD INFANTRY DIVISION "Blood and Fire"

Activated--15 June 1943

Returned To United States-Early-September 1945

Inactivated-27 September 1945

Battle Credits, World War II: Alsace Saar Siegfried Line Rhineland
Wirttemberg Bavaria
Days In Combat-119

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Louis E. Hibbs June 1943--July 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 63rd Infantry Division was activated at Camp Blanding, Florida, in
June 1943. Its commander, Major-General Louis E. Hibbs, saw extensive action in World War I
with the 1st Infantry Division. He was wounded twice, once seriously in the arm by shell
fragments, and was hospitalized for nine months.
After 1+ years of training in the United States, the 63rd left Camp Shanks, New York, for
the embarkation from New York harbor, and arrived in Marseille, France, on 8 December 1944.
Under the code name of Task Force Harris, the 63rd helped protect the eastern flank of the
U.S. 7th Army along the west bank of the Rhine between Seltz and Gambsheim. The 79th Infan-
try Division was on the north flank, and the 36th Infantry Division to the south. From 23-
31 December 1944, the Task Force fought defensively in this area with two of its regiments,
the 253rd and 255th. This sector was, at this time, relatively quiet with light enemy pat-
rol activity. The first division casualty--killed in action, was reported by the 255th on
23 December 1944.
On 28 December, the newly arrived 70th Infantry Division began relieving these two regi-
ments along the Rhine, and the 63rd was divided up. The 253rd and 255th Infantry Regiments
were attached to the 44th and 100th Infantry Divisions, respectively, both of which were
fighting in northern Alsace. On 1 January 1945, the Germans opened a furious offensive in
this region, and fierce and heavy fighting ensued as the Americans battled hard to stem the
German assault in bitter-cold weather. 3 January was a particularly rough day for.the 255th
Infantry, as it suffered heavy casualties in conducting determined counterattacks.
Meanwhile, further south, the 254th Infantry Regiment had been attached to the famous 3rd
Infantry Division which was helping the French against the Germans in the Colmar Pocket. This
was a sizeable area the German 19th Army was holding onto in eastern Alsace, roughly halfway
between Strasbourg and the Swiss border, with the nucleus about the town of Colmar.
After numerous U.S. and French attacks and German counterattacks, an all-out offensive
was launched by the two Allies to eliminate this troublesome area, beginning 20 January 1945.
Operating on the north side of this pocket, the 254th Infantry joined in the attack on 22
January, and very tough combat followed. The 254th struggled forward through knee-deep snow
which concealed deadly land mines. These fiendish devices were designed to blow a man's
foot or leg off below the knee, and not a few men bled to death from these mortal wounds as
they laid in the deep snow.
The 254th soon became involved in the battle of Hill 216. Its men literally crawled up







this hill in the face of murderous machine-gun fire and took it. But many never made it to
the top. This was a very courageous feat of arms.
Dug-in German 88mm guns caused considerable losses as the 254th fought its way into the
key town of Jebsheim. The 254th then beat back vicious attacks by a regiment of the elite
Austrian 2nd Mountain Division, with much of the fighting at very close quarters.
The 3rd Division and the 254th Regiment held fast and, along with the 12th Armored and
28th and 75th Infantry Divisions, plus the French, began renewed powerful attacks. At one
point, the 254th captured over 500 prisoners, and the Germans were finally cleared out of
the Colmar area, their last remaining stronghold west of the Rhine in Alsace. This battle
has been described as one of the hardest fought campaigns on the Western Front. Major-Gen-
eral "Iron Mike" O'Daniel, commander of the 3rd Infantry Division, commended the 254th for
its valiant part in the struggle, and the entire regiment, as well as the entire 3rd Infan-
try Division, were later awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation.
Then, with the entire division reassembled, the 63rd pushed forward into the Saar area
near the Saar-Blies Rivers, near Sarreguemines. The division conducted local raids and pat-
rols, and then crossed the Saar River on 17 February 1945. This operation was in conjunction
with the 70th Infantry Division on its left (west) flank. The 63rd ran into strenuous Ger-
man opposition near Bliesransbach and beyond, and led the U.S. 7th Army advance onto German
soil for the first time. The 63rd captured the fortress town of Ormesheim, and also cleared
the enemy out of a sizeable wooded area.
Next, after bitter fighting at Bubingen in early-March, the 63rd smashed at the Siegfried
Line as one of a dozen 7th Army divisions attacking in an all-out offensive, beginning 15
March 1945. On the 63rd's left flank was the 70th Infantry Division, and on the right the
3rd Infantry Division. The Blood and Fire Division was the first 7th Army unit to break
through the Siegfried Line. After several days of heavy fighting it breached the line at
St. Ingbert and Hassel on 20 March. The 63rd then fought on to take Spiesen, Erbach, and the
sizeable town of Neunkirchen, before receiving several days of rest beginning on 23 March.
On 28 March 1945, the 63rd crossed the Rhine at Neuschloss. A pontoon bridge, constructed
by the engineers was in place, and the men and vehicles crossed unmolested.
Advancing to Viernheim, and then in conjunction with the 10th Armored Division, the 63rd
took the old university city of Heidelberg against hardly any resistance at all. In fact,
many of the people turned out to cheer on the Americans and throw flowers at them.--no
doubt, greatly because their city was spared the destruction which was the fate of almost
every other major city in Germany. This was on 30 March. The Nazis, who were great ones
for burning books, had always regarded Heidelberg as their principal seat of learning. Not
a single book was burned by the 63rd.
As April 1945 opened, the men who wore the blood-tipped sword headed east--and into very
heavy fighting in the Neckar River Valley, where the Germans resisted fiercely. Attacking
along a broad front over miles of hilly, wooded terrain, interlaced with steep ascents, riv-
ers, and streams, the 63rd, along with the 10th Armored and 100th Infantry Divisions, had to
battle hard to force a crossing of the Neckar. The 63rd, facing the much-battered, but still
formidable 17th SS Panzer Grenadier Division, severely mauled this enemy formation in the
Hardthauser Woods, but also suffered heavy losses, especially in the 253rd Infantry Regiment.
The 63rd's two Medal of Honor winners emerged from out of this fighting in the Neckar Valley.
On 6 April 1945, 1st Lieutenant James E. Robinson, Jr., was a field artillery forward ob-
server attached to Company A, 253rd Infantry Regiment, near Untergriesheim, Germany.
Eight hours of desperate fighting over open terrain swept by enemy machine-gun, mortar,
and small-arms fire had decimated Company A, and robbed it of its commanding officer and most
of its key enlisted personnel.
Lt Robinson rallied the remaining 23 uninjured riflemen and a few walking wounded and,
while carrying his heavy radio for communication with artillery batteries, led them in a
charge against a German objective. Ten enemy infantrymen in foxholes attempted to stop them,
but the gallant leader killed all 10 at point-blank range with rifle and pistol fire. They
swept all resistance from the area.
Shortly after, the lieutenant was ordered to seize the defended town of Kressbach. In
this advance, he was seriously wounded in the throat by a shell fragment. Despite great pain,
he refused medical treatment and continued the attack, directing artillery fire until he no
longer could speak. Only after the town had been taken, did he walk nearly two miles to an
aid station where he died from his wound, a lasting source of inspiration to the men he had







led in their trying ordeal. Lt Robinson's actions were in keeping with the highest tradit-
ions of the U.S. military.
Two days later, on 8 April 1945, when this fighting was at its worst, Company F, 253rd
Infantry, was advancing near the small town of Lobenbacherhof, when German machine-gun and
automatic rifle fire opened up on it from a hill on its right flank.
His platoon leader being wounded, Staff Sergeant John R. Crews, on his own initiative,
rushed this strongpoint with two other men. One of these men was killed and the other bad-
ly wounded, but he continued his assault up the hill in the face of terrific fire. Storm-
ing the well dug-in position, he killed 2 of the machine-gun crew at point-blank range with
his rifle, and wrested a gun from the hands of a German he had wounded. He then charged
the strongly emplaced automatic rifle. Although badly wounded in the thigh from crossfire
from the remaining enemy, he kept on and silenced the entire position with his accurate,
deadly rifle fire. His actions so unnerved the remaining enemy that 7 surrendered and the
others fled. Very fortunately, Sgt Crews lived to receive his Medal of Honor.
On 10 April, the 255th Infantry Regiment established a bridgehead across the Kocher River
which opened the way for the 10th Armored Division to pierce the Heilbronn Line. On 12 Ap-
ril, the 63rd forced the Neckar River, near Mosbach and the Jagst River.
Continuing the advance, the 63rd then began to pivot into a southeasterly direction with
the 254th Infantry Regiment in the outer rim of the attack (the furthest east). Heavy enemy
resistance slowed the attacks on Adelsheim, MIckmuhl, and Bad Wimpfen. After capturing
Lampoldshausen and then Weissbach, SchwKbisch Hall fell by 17 April. This is a very hilly
and wooded region, and was full of areas for potential ambushes by the Germans. As they
fell back, they imposed numerous delaying actions and roadblocks, as well as an occasional
counterattack on the men of the Blood and Fire Division. As German resistance became more
erratic and disorganized, the 63rd was one of the outfits that continued the pursuit relent-
lessly, striking at the near-beaten enemy forces. It chased the Germans through the prov-
ince of WUrttemberg, crossed the Rems River, and rushed toward the Danube.
However, the Germans still refused to believe they were licked, and resistance stiffened,
with the 63rd sustaining severe losses in the valley of the Danube. The 254th and 253rd
Infantry Regiments had some hard fighting before they could cross the Danube at GUnzburg and
Leipheim, respectively. At Leipheim, the Germans suddenly lashed back with a vicious count-
erattack including some armor, but with the help from elements of the 12th Armored Division,
which was fighting on the 63rd's eastern flank, the Germans were hurled back, and Leipheim
fell by noon on 26 April.
After crossing the Danube, the 63rd continued in hot pursuit to the southeast with the
253rd and 255th Infantry in the lead. Wertach was captured, and then Landsberg was reached
near the edge of the Bavarian Alps. It was here in prison that Hitler had written his book
"Mein Kampf". When the Americans arrived, the fortress, built to accommodate 500, was cram-
med with some 1,400 wretched prisoners of many nationalities. And the dead and dying lay
all over the camp. From the Rhine into Bavaria had cost the 63rd at least '400 men!
At noon on Sunday, 29 April 1945, nine days before V-E Day, the 63rd was relieved from
combat at Landsberg by the great 36th Infantry Division. It was a hard-earned and well-des-
erved rest. The 63rd had been in continuous contact with the enemy since 23 December 1944,
except for several days between the Siegfried Line breakthrough and the Rhine crossing. Al-
together, the division had captured 21,542 prisoners.
The 63rd, following the German surrender, was then assigned security duty within an area
from the Rhine on the west, between Darmstadt and Speyer, to Stuttgart and WUrzburg on the
east. Divisional headquarters was in Bad Mergentheim. The 63rd began leaving for home on
21 August 1945.
The 63rd Infantry Division---a truly first-class outfit.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--2 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--980
Distinguished Unit Citations--4 Killed In Action----844
Distinguished Service Crosses--5 Wounded 3,326
Silver Stars '135 Missing 98
Captured 219
Total Casualties---4,487

* One to the entire 254th Infantry Regiment--Colmar Pocket, Alsace, France






I HWWII


63RD INFANTRY DIVISION "Blood and Fire"


DECEMBER 1944 JANUARY 1945 FEBRUARY 1945 MARCH 1945
22 Dec 1 2 Jan 1 1 Feb 11 2 Mar 1111111
23 Dec 1 3 Jan 1111111111111111111111111 28 2 Feb 1 3 Mar 11111111111111111 17
2 7 Jan 11 3 Feb 111 4 Mar 1111
8 Jan 1 4 Feb 111 5 Mar 111111
9 Jan 1 6 Feb 111 6 Mar 11
10 Jan 1 8 Feb 1 7 Mar 1111111111 10
11 Jan 11 9 Feb 1 8 Mar 1
15 Jan 1 10 Feb 1 9 Mar 1
16 Jan 1 15 Feb 1111111 12 Mar 111111
17 Jan 111 16 Feb 1111111111 10 13 Mar 1
21 Jan 1 17 Feb 1111111111 10 14 Mar 1
23 Jan 11111111 8 18 Feb 111111 15 Mar 1111111111111 13
24 Jan 11111 19 Feb 11 16 Mar 1111
25 Jan 111 20 Feb 1 17 Mar 11111111 8
26 Jan 111111 21 Feb 1 18 Mar 111111111 9
27 Jan 11111111111 11 23 Feb 111 19 Mar 11111111111111 14
28 Jan 1111 24 Feb 1111111111111 13 20 Mar 111111
29 Jan 111111111 9 25 Feb 11111 21 Mar 1
30 Jan 11 27 Feb 11 30 Mar 111
90 28 Feb 1 31 Mar 111
76 117






63RD INFANTRY DIVISION "Blood and Fire"


APRIL 1945 MAY 1945 JUNE 1945
1 Apr 111 1 Hay 1 7 June 1
2 Apr 11111111 8 2 May 1
3 Apr 1 2
4 Apr 111111
5 Apr 1111111
6 Apr 1111111i 8
7 Apr 11111111111111111111111111 26
8 Apr 11111111111111111111111111111111 32
9 Apr 11111111111111111111111111111111111 35*
10 Apr 11111 approx.
11 Apr 11111111 8 .. 70Kmen
12 Apr 11111
13 Apr 111111
15 Apr 11111111111111111 17
16 Apr 1111111111111 13
17 Apr 111111111 9
18 Apr 1111
19 Apr 1111111
20 Apr 1111
22 Apr 1
25 Apr 1111
26 Apr 1111111111 10
29 Apr 11
221



63RD INFANTRY DIVISION'S
*bloodiest day --9 April 1945
bloodiest month April 1945
2nd bloodiest day -8 April 1945
3rd bloodiest day 3 January 1945
Total battle deaths --- 960
509 are listed=53.Cg KIA-844


















66TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Black Panther"

Activated-15 April 1943

Returned To United States-6 November 1945

Inactivated-8 November 1945

Battle Credits, World War II: Brittany

Days In Combat-91

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Herman F. Kramer April 1943-August 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 66th Infantry Division arrived in England, late-November to early-
December 1944. On 24 December, the division began crossing the English Channel to Cher-
bourg, France. A German U-boat fired a torpedo into one of the transport ships, and 14
officers and 748 enlisted men were lost.
Upon reaching France, the 66th was assigned to relieve the 94th Infantry Division, be-
ginning 29 December 1944, and take over the important, if not glamorous mission, of cont-
aining 50,000 Germans in the ports of Lorient and St. Nazaire, on the south coast of Britt-
any. These German troops remained a constant security threat not only to the rear of the
Allied Lines, but also, to the local populace, as long as they refused to surrender. Most
of these Germans were first-rate troops.
With each side in a highly frustrating situation, there occurred many sharp patrol clash-
es and frequent artillery duels. The 66th, for the most part, limited its activities to
containing actions, rather than mounting unnecessary and costly attacks into the German
lines. And, for the most part, also, the Germans stayed put. However, on 16 April 1945,
they launched a heavy attack near La Croix, but this was repulsed with heavy casualties to
the Germans. The 66th then commenced a number of limited attacks and took several strongly
emplaced German positions between 19-29 April 1945. During all this time, the Black Panth-
ers were greatly aided by the French Forces of the Interior (FFI)..
The German troops in the Lorient and St. Nazaire pockets surrendered to the 66th upon the
end of hostilities in Europe on 8 May 1945. This action also freed 180,000 French civilians
who had been trapped in these German held areas.
The 66th then moved into Germany for occupational duty in the Koblenz area, and then was
sent south to Marseille, France, the task of the division being to see that this port of em-
barkation, from which American troops flowed toward home and to the Pacific, was kept runn-
ing smoothly. The 66th sailed for home on 27 October 1945.

Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--0 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths--800
Distinguished Unit Citations-- 0 Killed In Action----795
Distinguished Service Crosses--0 Wounded 636
Silver Stars 78 Missing 0
Captured 21
Total Casualties--1,452




I WWII


66TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Black Panther"


DECEMBER 1944
24 Dec 111111111111111111111111111111 111 111111111
11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 1111111 11111111 111111111
1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 111111 1111111 1111111111
11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 395=76men

JANUARY 1945 FEBRUARY 1945 MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945
6 Jan 1 2 Feb 1 1 Mar 11 1 Apr 1
11 Jan 11 7 Feb 1 5 Mar 1 4 Apr 1
15 Jan 1 9 Feb 1 6 Mar 1 10 Apr 11
22 Jan 1 15 Feb 1 7 Mar 1111 14 Apr 11
27 Jan 1 18 Feb 11 8 Mar 1 17 Apr 1
6 20 Feb 111 29 Mar 11 19 Apr 111
23 Feb 1 11 22 Apr 1
24 Feb 1 26 Apr 1
28 Feb 11
13









66TH INFANTRY DIVISION'S
*bloodiest day 24 December 1944
bloodiest month December 1944
2nd bloodiest day 7 March 1945
Total battle deaths 804
437 are listed=54.3( KIA-799


















79TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Cross Of Lorraine"

Activated (WW II)-15 June 1942
Returned To United States-10 December 1945
Inactivated-20 December 1945
Battle Credits, World War II: Normandy Northern France Lorraine
Days In Combat-248 Alsace Rhineland Ruhr Pocket

Commanding General (During Combat, WW II):
Maj-Gen Ira T. Wyche June 1942-May 1945

Combat Chronicle: The 79th Infantry Division had for its shoulder patch
insignia The Cross Of Lorraine--the symbol of the Fighting French.
There were cheers, flowers, wine, and, sometimes, women for the liberating
GIs of our fighting divisions in Europe. But no outfit was ever greeted more
warmly than the Fighting 79th by the grateful citizens of the numerous towns
and villages it liberated in France.
In World War I, the 79th had a good record. It stormed Montfaucon, in the
Meuse-Argonne, in 30 hours of hellish fighting, and helped start the Kaiser's
armies on their way to defeat. The 79th sustained a total of 6,874 casual-
ties in that war.
In World War II, the 79th's record ,can be borne out by a compliment made
about it by the Germans. Four months after landing in Normandy, a German
division (361st Infantry), in an order to its individual units, warned them
to watch out for the 79th--"one of the best attack divisions in the U.S. Army."
The 79th was activated for World War II at Camp Pickett, Virginia, in June
1942. After extensive training in the United States, the division sailed for
Britain, and, after around two months more of training there, landed in Nor-
mandy on D-plus 6--12 June 1944. The 79th entered combat on 19 June 1944,
with an attack on the high ground west and northwest of Valognes.
After helping to cut off the Cotentin Peninsula, the 79th, 4th, and 9th
Infantry Divisions attacked north up the peninsula with the 79th in the cen-
ter. Fighting hard, the attack progressed well inspite of difficult hedge-
row country and strong German resistance. After a heavy battle, the 79th
took Fort du Roule and entered Cherbourg. The division then engaged in a
fierce street battle with the city falling on 25 June 1944.
The Cross Of Lorraine then held defensive positions along the Ollonde Riv-
er until 2 July, and then again went over to the attack. The objective was
La Haye-du-Puits, nerve center of the German supply system in Normandy. In
driving rain and through hedgerows honeycombed with artillery and automatic
weapons, and despite enemy tanks raking them at point-blank range, the 79th,
inspite of very heavy casualties, swarmed into the town and took it on 8
July 1944. German counterattacks were repulsed on this same day. Heavy
fighting continued until 15 July, when the 79th again went on the defensive.








Then, on 26 July 1944, as part of an all-out American offensive, the 79th
attacked across the Ay River, took Lessay and Granville, and broke through
the German lines at Avranches, following up behind the 6th Armorea Division.
The 79th then cut through Fougeres, and then. southeast to Le Mans, where,
after bridging the Sarthe River, it turned north to help close the Falaise
Gap. Up to this point (20 August 1944) the 79th had lost over 1,200 men in
Normandy.
Then, the men who wore the Cross Of Lorraine insignia raced ahead to the
Seine River to seize Mantes-Gassicourt. This action greatly facilitated the
liberation of Paris.
The 79th then made a daring and highly skillful night crossing of the
Seine beginning on 19 August 1944. In a torrential.rain the 313th Infantry
Regiment crossed the river on foot, over a dam that offered the only dry cro-
ssing in the area. Each man held on to the shoulder of the man in front to
avoid falling into the river. On the 20th, the 314th Infantry followed, wad-
ing across, and the 315th Infantry joined them that afternoon on the far bank.
The 79th had not only established a bridgehead, but also captured the German
Army Group B headquarters, Rommel's former headquarters at La Roche-Guyon.
The Germans were stunned by this maneuver, but soon recovered, launching
fierce counterattacks by the 18th Luftwaffe Field Division between 22-27 Aug-
ust 1944. These were all beaten back, and the 79th reached the Therain Riv-
er on 31 August.
Advancing as far north as Tournai, Belgium, and vicinity, the division
then swung sharply back to the southeast, and ran into heavy street-fighting
at Charmes, on the Moselle. This put the 79th in the U.S. 7th Army zone of
attack. After overcoming the resistance in Charmes, the 79th crossed the
Moselle and advanced to Baccarat, on the Meurthe River.
The 79th continued to advance in the face of intense enemy attacks from
the Foret de Parroy (forest). The 315th Infantry Regiment lost, and then
recovered part of Lun6ville, 22 September, as the 314th Infantry was delayed
by counterattacks at Moncel. On the following day the 314th Infantry front-
ally assaulted Foret de Monden in heavy combat, and the 79th then entered the
Foret de Parroy. The 315th Infantry was temporarily isolated in fighting at
the main road junction there on 5 October 1944, and the 79th was forced onto
the defensive. However, an all-out divisional assault forced the Germans to
withdraw from the forest with the final capture of the main road junction on
9 October 1944.
The 79th next took Embermenil, and then attacked east of this town and
battled for some high ground, 14-23 October 1944. In all this fighting the
79th fought three top quality German divisions, the llth Panzer, 15th Panzer
Grenadier, and 361st Infantry. The 79th was relieved on 24 October 1944, by
the 44th Infantry Division. At this time, the 79th was under the 7th Army.
After resting at LunBville, the 79th launched an attack that carried it
across the Vezouse and Moder Rivers. This was part of a major 7th Army off-
ensive, and the 79th began attacking on 13 November 1944, with the 19th being
an especially bloody day. As the attack continued in the face of heavy Ger-
man resistance, the 79th then consolidated north of Strasbourg on 25 November,
and fought for Haguenau, 9-11 December 1944. The division reached the Lauter
River at Schiebenhardt, 15 December, and hit the Siegfried Line on the 17th.
It was here that the 79th had one of its 3 Medal of Honor winners of the war,
Technical Sergeant Robert E. Gerstung, Company H, 313th Infantry Regiment, on
19 December 1944.
Near Berg, Germany, Sgt Gerstung was ordered, with his heavy machinegun
squad, to support an infantry company attacking the outer defenses of the
Siegfried Line. For 8 hours he maintained a position made almost untenable









by the density of artillery and mortar fire concentrated upon it, and by the
proximity of enemy troops who threw hand grenades at it. When all other mem-
bers of the squad became casualties, Sgt Gerstung remained at his gun. When
running out of ammunition, he boldly dashed across bullet-swept, open terrain
to secure a new supply from a disabled friendly tank. He continued to fire
until his gun overheated and jammed. Instead of withdrawing, the sergeant
succeeded in securing another machinegun who's crew had been killed. He con-
tinued to man this weapon, giving vital support to the infantry, even when an
enemy tank shot the glove from his hand with an armor-piercing shell.
When the Americans were ordered to retire to their original positions, he
remained at his gun, giving covering fire. Finally, he began to withdraw,
but 100 yards from safety he was struck in the leg by fragments from a mortar
shell. With a supreme effort, he crawled the remaining distance, dragging
along the machinegun which had served him and his fellow soldiers so well.
Sgt Gerstung's remarkable perseverence and courage gave his comrades vital
support in their encounter with formidable German forces.
The 79th held a defensive line along the Lauter River, at Wissembourg,
from 20 December 1944-2 January 1945.
The Germans had begun a heavy offensive in northern Alsace on 1 January
1945. Holding defensive positions in the more northeastern part of the prov-
ince, the 79th's regiments became intermingled with the regiments of the 42nd
Infantry Division in the line. In a very skillful and valiant 11-day battle
the Americans beat back repeated German assaults by two crack divisions, the
21st Panzer and 25th Panzer Grenadier. They were aided in this battle by el-
ements of the 14th Armored and 103rd Infantry Divisions.
Meanwhile, slightly to the east and somewhat south of this area, the 553rd
Volksgrenadier Division's bridgehead across the Rhine in the Gambsheim-Drusen-
heim area resulted in furious fighting between this German formation and the
U.S. 12th Armored Division. German attacks then defeated the 314th Infantry
Regiment's efforts to retake Drusenheim. The 79th next lost Sessenheim on
19 January 1945, and by the 21st, division lines were forced back to the Mod-
er River.
The Germans then made their final all-out bid to retake Alsace beginning
on 24 January 1945. Once again they employed several of their best divisions
which included the 7th Parachute, 47th Volksgrenadier, 25th Panzer Grenadier,
and 10th SS Panzer. In the 79th's sector several holes were punched in its
lines at Neubourg and Schweighouse, 24-25 January, but the lines were quickly
restored. By the end of January 1945, the German offensive in Alsace had come
to a halt. The 79th remained on the defensive along the Moder River until
6 February 1945.
After a rest, during the last half of March 1945, the 79th was picked to
help spearhead the U.S. 9th Army attack across the Rhine. Transferred to the
north in a secret move, the 79th crossed the large river near Rheinberg again-
st heavy resistance on 24 March 1945. Three days later, strong opposition
again developed before the 79th reached the Rhine-Herne Canal by 29 March.
The 79th then relieved the 35th Infantry Division west of Gelsenkirchen, and
then took Wattenscheid and the city of Bochum, as it advanced into the Ruhr
against moderate to heavy resistance. The 79th continued operations in this
region until 13 April 1945. The division was then sent to the eastern part
of the Ruhr Pocket to occupy the blasted, bombed-out city of Dortmund. After
this, the 79th saw occupational duties in Czechoslovakia and Bavaria, before
returning to the United States and inactivation.
Honors: Congressional Medals of Honor--3 Casualties: Total Battle Deaths-2,964
Distinguished Unit Citations-- 8 Killed In Action--2,476
Distinguished Service Crosses-13 Wounded 10,971
Silver Stars 962 Missing 570
Captured 1,186
Total Casualties--15,203








Other 79th Infantry Division Medal of Honor winners in World War II: KIA *
Cpl John D. Kelly, 314th Inf Rgt, 25 June 1944, Cherbourg, Normandy, France
1st Lt Carlos C. Ogden, 314th Inf Rgt, 25 June 1944, Cherbourg, Normandy, France






1 WWII

79TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Cross Of Lorraine"


JUNE 1944 JULY 1944
19 June 111111111 9 1 July 1
20 June 111111111 9 2 July 1111
21 June 11 3 July 1111111111111111111111 22
22 June 11111111111111111 17 4 July 111111111111111111111111111111 30
23 June 11111111111111111111111111111111111 35 5 July llllllll1111111111111111111111111111111111111111 48
24 June 1111111111111111111111111111 28 6 July 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 56*
25 June 111111111111111111111 21 7 July 1111111111111111111111111111111111 34 approx.
26 June 111111111111111111111 21 8 July 111111111111111111111111111 30 100)hen
27 June 111111111111 12 9 July 1111111111111111111111111111 28
28 June 11111 10 July 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111 45
29 June 11111 11 July 1111111111111111111111111 25
30 June 111 12 July 371111111111111111111111111111111111 37
13 July 1111111111111111111111111 25
167 14 July 11111111111 11
15 July 1111111111 10
16 July 111
17 July 11
18 July 1111111
19 July 111
20 July 11
21 July 1111111
22 July 11111
23 July 1111
25 July 111
26 July 1
27 July 11111
28 July 11
29 July 1
30 July 1
452





2 WWII


79TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Cross Of Lorraine".


AUGUST 1944 SEPTEMBER 1944 OCTOBER 1944
1 Aug 11 9 Sept 1 1 Oct 1111111111 10
2 Aug 11 12 Sept 111111111 9 2 Oct 11111
3 Aug 11 13 Sept 1111111 3 Oct 11111111111111111 17
5 Aug 1 14 Sept 11111111 8 4 Oct 111
6 Aug 11111111 8 15 Sept 111 5 Oct 111111
8 Aug 11 16 Sept 1 6 Oct 111
9 Aug 11 18 Sept 1 8 Oct 111
10 Aug 1 19 Sept 111111 9 Oct 1111111
13 Aug 1 20 Sept 1 10 Oct 111111111111111111 18
16 Aug 1 21 Sept 111111111 9 11 Oct 1111
18 Aug 1 22 Sept 11111111111111111111 20 12 Oct 11
20 Aug 1111111 23 Sept 1 13 Oct 11111111111111 14
22 Aug 1 24 Sept 1 14 Oct 1111111111111111111 19
23 Aug 11111 25 Sept 11 15 Oct 111
24 Aug 111 27 Sept 11 16 Oct 111
25 Aug 1111111111 10 28 Sept 111 17 Oct 11
26 Aug 11111111 8 29 Sept 1111111111111 13 18 Oct 1
27 Aug 11111111111111111111 20 30 Sept 11111111 8 19 Oct 1111
28 Aug 11111111111111111 17 96 20 Oct 111111111 9
29 Aug 1111 21 Oct 1111111111111111111111111 25
30 Aug 1 22 Oct 11111111111 11
31 Aug 1 23 Oct 111111111 9
0 24 Oct 111111111111111 15
25 Oct 1
26 Oct 1111
27 Oct 1
28 Oct 11111
31 Oct 1111
208





3 WWII


79TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Cross Of Lorraine"

NOVEMBER 1944 DECEMBER 1944 JANUARY 1945
1 Nov 111 1 Dec 11111111111111111 17 1 Jan 1
4 Nov 1 2 Dec 1111111111 10 2 Jan 11
5 Nov 1 3 Dec 11111111111 11 3 Jan 1111
9 Nov 1 4 Dec 1 5 Jan 111111111 9
13 Nov 1111111111111111 16 5 Dec 11 6 Jan 1111
14 Nov 11111111111 11 6 Dec 1 7 Jan 111111111 9
15 Nov 1111111111111 13 7 Dec 1 8 Jan 1111111111111 13
16 Nov 11 9 Dec 111111111111111111 18 9 Jan 1111111
17 Nov 11111111111111111 17 10 Dec 11111111111 11 10 Jan 111111111 9
18 Nov 1111 11 Dec 111 11 Jan 1111111111111111 16
19 Nov 111111111111111111111111111111111 33 12 Dec 11 12 Jan 1111111
20 Nov 111111111111 12 13 Dec 11 13 Jan 1111111111 10
21 Nov 11 14 Dec 11111 14 Jan 1111
22 Nov 1 15 Dec 11111111 8 15 Jan 111111111111 12
23 Nov 11111 16 Dec 11111111 8 16 Jan 11111
24 Nov 1 17 Dec 111 17 Jan 111111111111 12
25 Nov 11111 18 Dec 11111 18 Jan 1111111111111 13
26 Nov 1 19 Dec 11111111111111111111111 23 19 Jan 111111
27 Nov 11111 20 Dec 11111 20 Jan 111111111 9
28 Nov 111 21 Dec 11 21 Jan 1
29 Nov 111111111 9 1 22 Jan 1
30 Nov 11111 23 Jan 1111
1 25 Jan 11111
11 27 Jan 1
28 Jan 1
31 Jan 11
167





4 WWII


79TH INFANTRY DIVISION "Cross Of Lorraine"


FEBRUARY 1945 MARCH 1945 APRIL 1945 MAY 1945
1 Feb 11 24 Mar 11111111111111111111 20 3 Apr 111111 6 May 1
2 Feb 1 25 Mar 11111111 8 7 Apr 11 26 May 1
5 Feb 1 26 Mar 1111111 8 Apr 1 30 May 1
23 Feb 11111111 8 27 Mar 1111111111111111111111 22 10 Apr 111111
24 Feb 1 28 Mar 1111 11 Apr 11
29 Mar 11 12 Apr 1
13 30 Mar 11 14 Apr 1
65 15 Apr 1
17 Apr 1
20 Apr 1
22












79TH INFANTRY DIVISION'S
*bloodiest day 6 July 1944
bloodiest month July 1944
2nd bloodiest day 5 July 1944
3rd 10 July 1944
4th 12 July 1944
5th 23 June 1944
Total battle deaths 2,923
1,582 are listed=54.1% KIA--2,454













U.S. UNIT CASUALTIES--WORLD WAR II
(In the order of the number of total battle deaths)
UNIT TOTAL DEAD KIA WOUNDED TOTAL CASUALTIES
3rd Infantry Dvn 5,634 4,922 18,766 25,977
4th Infantry Dvn 4,798 4,017 17,371 22,580
29th Infantry Dvn 4,736 3,870 15,541 20,603
9th Infantry Dvn 4,531 3,863 17,416 23,284
*lst Marine Dvn 4,465 13,849 18,314
1st Infantry Dvn 4,365 3,616 15,208 20,659
45th Infantry Dvn 4,276 3,714 14,541 21,260
-36th Infantry Dvn 3,890 3,318 14,190 20,652
90th Infantry Dvn 3,868 3,270 14,386 19,128
34th Infantry Dvn 3,708 3,145 12,545 17,680
*30th Infantry Dvn 3,525 2,992 13,376 18,435
83rd Infantry Dvn 3,387 2,960 11,000 14,902
4th Marine Dvn 3,317 13,006 16,323
2nd Infantry Dvn 3,272 2,833 12,000 16,812
80th Infantry Dvn 3,194 2,800 11,500 15,865
35th Infantry Dvn 2,936 2,476 11,526 15,813
-79th Infantry Dvn 2,923 2,454 10,971 15,181
28th Infantry Dvn 2,873 2,316 9,609 16,762
8th Infantry Dvn 2,804 2,513 10,057 13,967
2nd Marine Dvn 2,729 8,753 11,482
5th Infantry Dvn 2,628 2,277 9,549 12,797
88th Infantry Dvn 2,529 2,282 9,225 13,095
32nd Infantry Dvn 2,524 2,108 6,627 8,763
101st Airborne Dvn 2,500 2,188 6,800 10,162
7th Infantry Dvn 2,346 1,957 7,258 9,221
3rd Armored Dvn 2,302 2,043 7,160 9,673
96th Infantry Dvn 2,166 1,596 7,281 8,945
26th Infantry Dvn 2,116 1,892 7,886 10,743
82nd Airborne Dvn 2,116 1,737 6,950 9,581
5th Marine Dvn 2,113 6,450 8,563
27th Infantry Dvn 1,977 1,545 5,485 7,071
3rd Marine Dvn 1,932 6,744 8,676
1st Armored Dvn 1,907 1,623 6,300 8,657
77th Infantry Dvn 1,904 1,482 6,000 7,559
85th Infantry Dvn 1,749 1,572 6,314 8,785








2


UNIT TOTAL DEAD KIA WOUNDED TOTAL CASUALTIES
78th Infantry Dvn 1,655 1,432 6,103 8,151
6th Marine Dvn 1,637 6,590 8,227
91st Infantry Dvn 1,633 1,456 6,748 8,800
43rd Infantry Dvn 1,514 1,213 5,187 6,411
25th Infantry Dvn 1,508 1,253 4,190 5,450
4th Armored Dvn 1,483 1,282 5,098 7,258
104th Infantry Dvn 1,465 1,285 5,200- 6,818
2nd Armored Dvn 1,456 1,200 5,757 7,283
37th Infantry Dvn 1,456 1,112 5,261 6,378
84th Infantry Dvn 1,420 1,282 5,098 7,258
24th Infantry Dvn 1,441 1,209 5,321 6,547
95th Infantry Dvn 1,374 1,206 4,945 6,592
6th Armored Dvn 1,270 1,074 4,200 5,445
87th Infantry Dvn 1,269 1,124 4,342 6,004
Americal Dvn 1,259 1,075 3,350 4,442
7th Armored Dvn 1,222 994 4,000 6,084
1st Cavalry Dvn 1,152 887 4,035 4,932
99th Infantry Dvn 1,131 983 4,177 6,543
17th Airborne Dvn 1,130 978 4,704 6,332
6th Infantry Dvn 1,120 898 3,876 4,777
44th Infantry Dvn 1,101 940 4,209 5,557
94th Infantry Dvn 1,100 950 4,789 6,474
102nd Infantry Dvn 1,012 888 3,668 4,878
41st Infantry Dvn 975 758 3,504 4,275
63rd Infantry Dvn 960 844 3,326 4,487
10th Armored Dvn 945 790 4,000 5,070
100th Infantry Dvn 944 847 3,539 5,002
10th Mountain Dvn 941 862 3,134 4,062
75th Infantry Dvn 922 818 3,314 4,325
5th Armored Dvn 840 665 2,842 3,570
70th Infantry Dvn 840 758 2,713 3,922
103rd Infantry Dvn 821 659 3,329 4,497
66th Infantry Dvn 800 795 636 1,452
442nd Infantry Rgt 680
38th Infantry Dvn 791 653 2,814 3,472
76th Infantry Dvn 779 667 2,197 3,033
9th Armored Dvn 741 607 2,350 3.952









3

UNIT TOTAL DEAD KIA WOUNDED TOTAL CASUALTIES
12th Armored Dvn 718 605 2,416 3,516
40th Infantry Dvn 718 587 2,407 2,994
42nd Infantry Dvn 655 553 2,212 3,971
llth Airborne Dvn 631 516 1,926 2,453
llth.Armored Dvn 628 523 2,394 2,968
92nd Infantry Dvn 610 544 2,187 2,993
14th Armored Dvn 609 544 1,955 2,729
81st Infantry Dvn 520 374 1,942 2,322
106th Infantry Dvn 513 444 1,278 8,419 **
33rd Infantry Dvn 509 388 2,024 2,418
1st Spec Serv Force 449 419 2,500
.-31st Infantry Dvn 418 342 1,392 1,733
69th Infantry Dvn 384 341 1,146 1,506
8th Armored Dvn 355 299 1,375 1,720
158th Infantry Rgt -340 290 1,097 1,390
89th Infantry Dvn 311 281 690 1,016
65th Infantry Dvn 261 233 927 1,230
97th Infantry Dvn 215 188 721 979
71st Infantry Dvn 169 150 643 821
113th Cavalry Grp 161 154
86th Infantry Dvn 161 136 618 785
473rd Infantry Rgt 160 450
3rd Ranger Bn 150
1st Ranger Bn 140
4th Ranger Bn 140
13th Armored Dvn 129 107 712 819
5th Ranger Bn 117
20th Armored Dvn 54 46 134 186
93rd Infantry Dvn 50 43 133 194
16th Armored Dvn 5 4 28 32

No casualty figures are available for the following units:
Philippine Inf Dvn 6th Ranger Bn 99th Infantry Bn
1st Marine Provl Bgde 6th Cavalry Grp 12th Cavalry Rgt
2nd Ranger Bn 13th Amd Grp 147th Infantry Rgt
2nd Cavalry Grp 14th Cavalry Grp 474th Infantry Rgt
3rd Cavalry Grp 15th Cavalry Grp 503rd Parachute Rgt
4th Cavalry Crp 22nd Marine Rgt 517th Parachute Rgt
Marine Raiders Merrill's Marauders Mars Task Force
102nd Cavalry Grp 106th Cavalry Grp









4


Notes on the casualty listing:

1 Some of the totals are approximate figures. However, the total battle death and
the KIA (killed in action) figures are quite accurate. An exception to this is
the Ranger battalions. All of those battalions which are listed are approximate
figures except for the 5th Ranger Battalion which is an exact figure.

2 The 66th Infantry Division lost over 700 men in the English Channel in
December 1944, due to enemy submarine action.

3 ** The 106th Infantry Division had close to 7,000 men captured in the
Battle of the Bulge in December 1944.

4 No killed in action figures are available for any of the Marine divisions-
only the total battle death figures.

5 The total battle death column includes those men who later died of wounds.

6 Captured and missing in action figures have been omitted primarily due to lack of
apace. In the Pacific, as a rule, very few men surrendered to the Japanese.

7 Figures are also incomplete for the 1st Special Service Force and the Japanese-
American 442nd Infantry Regiment, the 473rd Infantry Regiment, and the
113th Cavalry Group. The 473rd fought in Italy, and the 113th fought in Europe.

8 The casualty figures for all of these units does not include any units or per-
sonnel which may have been temporarily attached to a given unit at any time.













U.S. BATTLE DEATHS IN WORLD WAR II--INCLUDES AIMY, MARINE CORPS, AND NAVY

France 52,844
Germany 42,915
Sicily and Italy 25,953
Belgium 10,418
Tunisia 3,053
Holland 2,468
Luxembourg 1,297
Algeria 671
Morocco 130 *
Austria 118
Czechoslovakia 116
Yugoslavia 7
139,990

Philippines 26,428 (Leyte, Luzon, Mindanao, Cebu, Samar, Negros, and others
Okinawa 13,415 (Also, includes Ie Shima, Tsugen Shima, and Kerama Rettc
Iwo Jima 6,100 *
Mariana Islands 5,160 Saipan, Tinian, and Guam)
Solomon Islands 3,625 Guadalcanal, New Georgia, Bougainville, and others)
New Guinea 2,774 Also, includes Biak, Wakde, Noemfoor, and Morotai)
Palau Islands 2,715 Peleliu, Angaur, and smaller islands)
Gilbert Islands 1,715 (Tarawa and Makin)
Burma 729
Marshall Islands 708 (Eniwetok and Kwajalein)
Aleutian Islands 457 Attu and Kiska)
Admiralty Islands 329 Los Negros, Manus, and Lorengau)
New Britain 315
China 61
64,530

GRAND TOTAL 204,520 (In this listing)

Approximate figures










I
WORLD WAR II
North Africa--battle deaths listed in order for Morocco-Algeria: Nov-Dec 1942
Listed Approx. Total
1st Amd Dvn 91 190
9th Inf Dvn 33 70
3rd Inf Dvn 66 (exact figure)
34th Inf Dvn 19 45
2nd Amd Dvn 7 20
1st Inf Dvn unavailable
Approx. total-290 (not including the 1st Infantry Dvn)


North Africa-battle deaths listed in order for Tunisia: Jan-13 May 1943
1st Inf Dvn 750 (approx. figure)
1st Amd Dvn 290 550
9th Inf Dvn 220 450
34th Inf Dvn 183 380
1st Ranger Bn unavailable
Approx. total-2,130 (not counting the 1st Ranger Bn)


Sicily--battle deaths listed in order for Sicily: 10 July-17 Aug 1943
3rd Inf Dvn 381 (exact figure)
45th Inf Dvn 302 (exact figure
1st Inf Dvn 264 (exact figure)
82nd Abn Dvn 206 (exact figure
9th Inf Dvn 63 130
2nd Amd Dvn 23 60
Rangers unavailable
Approx. total-1,345 (not counting the Rangers)


Italy--battle deaths listed in order for Southern Italy (includes 1st Battle of Cassino)
9 Sept 1943-into February 1944
Cassino:
36th Inf Dvn 692 1,400
34th Inf Dvn 601 1,225 34th Inf Dvn 610
45th Inf Dvn 404 820 36th Inf Dvn 370 (142nd Rg
3rd Inf Dvn 683 (exact figure) tota
82nd Abn Dvn 81 175 Approx total-980
1st Amd Dvn 61 110
1st Spec Srv Force unavailable
Rangers unavailable
Approx. total-4,410 (not counting the last 2 units)










2
Italy-battle deaths listed in order for Anzio (includes both the beachhead and the
breakout to Rome): 22 Jan-4 June 1944
Listed Approx. Total
3rd Inf Dvn 1,585 (exact figure)
45th Inf Dvn 661 1,330
34th Inf Dvn 252 520
1st Amd Dvn 260 500
36th Inf Dvn 104 220
82nd Abn Dvn 68 150 (504th Para Rgt, only)
91st Inf Dvn 5 12
1st Spec Srv Free unavailable
Rangers unavailable
Approx. total-4,320 (not counting the last 2 units)


Italy-battle deaths listed in order for the Rome-Arno Campaign: June-early-Sept 1944
91st Inf Dvn 270 545
88th Inf Dvn 237 490
34th Inf Dvn 195 415
1st Amd Dvn 156 300
36th Inf Dvn 93 200
92nd Inf Dvn 104 (exact figure)
85th Inf Dvn 35 65
Approx. total-2,120

Italy-battle deaths listed in order for the Battle Through the Gothic Line and into
the Northern Apennines (includes from about mid-Sept-through Oct 1944)
88th Inf Dvn 437 890
85th Inf Dvn 414 800
91st Inf Dvn 362 730
34th Inf Dvn 253 520
1st Amd Dvn 59 110
92nd Inf Dvn 80 (exact figure)
Approx. total-3,130

Italy-battle deaths listed in order for the Final Allied Offensive In Northern Italy-
from out of the Apennines-into the Po Valley and to the Alps: beginning
mid-April-2 May 1945
10th Mtn Dvn 272 500
88th Inf Dvn 91 195
91st Inf Dvn 75 155
1st Amd Dvn 73 130
92nd Inf Dvn 115 (exact figure)
34th Inf Dvn 40 90
85th Inf Dvn 18 35
442nd Inf Rgt unavailable
473rd Inf Rgt unavailable
Approx. total-1,220 (not including the last 2 units)













Europe--battle deaths listed in order for the Battle of Normandy: 6 June 1944-
Listed Approx. Total mid-Aug 1944
29th Inf Dvn 1,301 2,700
4th Inf Dvn 1,216 2,500 Helping to repulse German
90th Inf Dvn 1,049 1,950 Counteroffensive at Mortain, Normandw
9th Inf Dvn 847 1,700 7-14 August 1944:
2nd Inf Dvn 818 1,650
30th Inf Dvn 803 1,640 30th Inf Dvn 355
83rd Inf Dvn 810 1,580 35th Inf Dvn. 165
79th Inf Dvn 596 1,200 4th Inf Dvn 115
101st Abn.Dvn 400 850 3rd Amd Dvn 110
35th Inf Dvn 394 825 2nd Amd Dvn 95
3rd Amd Dvn 361 710 1st Inf Dvn unknown
28th Inf Dvn 332 710
8th Inf Dvn 320 630
82nd Abn Dvn 250 530
2nd And Dvn 197 425
5th Inf Dvn 134 300
80th Inf Dvn 70 135
5th And Dvn 45 105
4th Amd Dvn 42 90
1st Inf Dvn unavailable
Approx. total-20,230 (not counting the 1st Inf Dvn)


Europe-battle deaths listed in order for the Battle of Brittany: 1 Aug 1944-
8th Inf Dvn 411 790 mid-Sept 1944
29th Inf Dvn 325 700
2nd Inf Dvn 229 480
83rd Inf Dvn 213 400
6th And Dvn 117 250
4th Amd Dvn 42 100
Approx. total-2,720

Europe--battle deaths listed in order for U.S. 1st Army Attack Into The Siegfried Line:
Mid-Sept 1944
28th Inf Dvn 245
3rd Amd Dvn 225
9th Inf Dvn 200
4th Inf Dvn 180
5th Amd Dvn 125
30th Inf Dvn 90
2nd Amd Dvn 25
Approx. total-1,090










2


Europe-battle deaths listed in order for the U.S. 3rd Army Offensive from Lorraine-
into the Saar, and U.S. 7th Army Offensive from southern Lorraine-into Alsace;
co-ordinated together into one big massive offensive: beginning 8 Nov 1944--
well into Dec 1944
Listed Approx. Total
95th Inf Dvn 481 980 (3rd Army)
26th Inf Dvn 412 840 3rd Army
90th Inf Dvn 331 640 3rd Army)
80th Inf Dvn 321 635 3rd Army
35th Inf DvT 277 575 (3rd Army
79th Inf Dvn 257 515 (7th Army
44th Inf Dvn 225 465 (7th Army
100th Inf Dvn 219 420 (7th Army
103rd Inf Dvn 189 380 7th Army
87th Inf Dvn 169 315 (3rd Army
4th Amd Dvn 144 300 (3rd Army
5th Inf Dvn 134 285 3rd Army
6th Amd Dvn 108 225 3rd Army
45th Inf Dvn 101 210 7th Army
10th Amd Dvn 87 185 (3rd Army
14th Amd Dvn 55 100 (7th Army
12th Amd Dvn 33 62 (7th Army (exact figure)
Approx. total-7,335
note: Some of the above units entered combat well after the offensive was under way.





Europe--battle deaths listed in order for Southern France: August 1944
36th Inf Dvn 128 270
3rd Inf Dvn 220 (exact figure)
45th Inf Dvn 52 115
1st Spec Srv Free unavailable
517th Para Rgt unavailable
Approx. total-605 (not including the last 2 units)
Italy--battle deaths listed in order for the Northern Apennines: November 1944-to the
beginning of the U.S. 5th.Army Offensive which began on 14 April 1945. Also,
this listing doesn't include the beginning of the 92nd Infantry Dvn.'s attack
which commenced on 5 April 1945.
10th Mtn Dvn 440
92nd Inf Dvn 362 (exact figure)
34th Inf Dvn 180
88th Inf Dvn 175
91st Inf Dvn 130
85th Inf Dvn 90
1st Amd Dvn 55
Approx. total-1,430









21



Europe---battle deaths listed in order for the Battle In The Hirtgen Forest,
extreme western Germany--Altogether, beginning in mid-Sept 1944 and
lasting through most of Dec 1944. The 9th Infantry Dvn was the first
American unit to fight in this forest.
Listed Approx. Total
4th Inf Dvn 391 815
9th Inf Dvn 351 710
28th Inf Dvn 252 550
8th Inf. Dvn 264 500
83rd Inf Dvn 204 390
5th Amd Dvn 120 255
1st Inf Dvn unavailable
Approx. total-3,220 (not including the great 1st Infantry Dvn
which, no doubt, lost at least 400 men in
this terrible forest)


note: The 8th Infantry Dvn's fighting in this forest overlaps with the autumn
Assault To The Roer River.


Europe--battle deaths listed in order for U.S. 3rd Army divisions in Lorraine,
northern France (along the line of the Moselle River). Much of the
Battle of Metz is included in this time sequence which is from early-
September-? November 1944:
Approx. Total
80th Inf Dvn 1,000
5th Inf Dvn 735 M
35th Inf Dvn 600
90th Inf Dvn 300 M
7th Amd Dvn 250 M
4th Amd Dvn 230
26th Inf Dvn 190
6th Amd Dvn. 145
10th Amd Dvn 10
Approx. total-3,460
M-indicates was in the Battle of Metz









2 3/4


Italy--battle deaths listed in order (approx. totals):
Allied break through the Gustav Line, Italy: beginning 11 May 1944
85th Inf Dvn 510
88th Inf Dvn 220
Approx. total-730
Europe
Vosges Mountains, northeastern France: October 1944, only (approx. totals)
3rd Inf Dvn unavailable
79th Inf Dvn 380
36th Inf Dvn 320
45th Inf Dvn 300 Approx. total-1000 (not including the 3rd Infantry Dvn)


The Remagen Bridgehead, across the Rhine, Germany: Mid-March 1945
1st Inf Dvn unavailable
78th Inf Dvn 335
9th Inf Dvn 270
99th Inf Dvn 200
9th Amd Dvn 120
Approx. total-925 (not counting the 1st Infantry Dvn)


The Scheldt Estuary, southwestern Holland: Late-Oct-Early Nov 1944
104th Inf Dvn 270


"Operation Market Garden"--Airdrop Into Southern Holland: 17 Sept-into Nov 1944
101st Abn Dvn 750
82nd Abn Dvn 460
Approx. total-1,210


note: The break through the Gustav Line, Italy and the clearing of the Scheldt Estuary
in south Holland were largely British operations.


The Battle of Metz, Lorraine, France: beginning 7 Sept-late-Nov 1944
5th Inf Dvn 770
95th Inf Dvn 380
7th Amd Dvn 250
90th Inf Dvn 230
Approx. total-1,630










3

Europe--battle deaths listed in order for the Battle of the Bulge: 16 Dec 1944-
Listed Approx. Total 28 Jan 1945
101st Abn Dvn 290 610
26th Inf Dvn 280 575
80th Inf Dvn 292 570
30th Inf Dvn 227 475
75th Inf Dvn 223 465
84th Inf Dvn 232 455
17th Abn Dvn 218 450
83rd Inf Dvn 234 450
28th Inf Dvn 187 440
35th Inf Dvn 198 430
99th Inf Dvn 219 425
5th Inf Dvn 172 400
106th Inf Dvn 189 400
90th Inf Dvn 204 385
3rd Amd Dvn 184 360
2nd Inf Dvn 175 350
87th Inf Dvn 170 320
6th Amd Dvn 142 315
82nd Abn Dvn 145 310
4th Inf Dvn 141 300
78th Inf Dvn 147 280
9th Amd Dvn 131 275
11th Ami Dvn 133 275
7th Amd Dvn 146 270
4th Amd Dvn 91 190
10th Amd Dvn 86 180
2nd Amd Dvn 80 175
9th Inf Dvn 75 150
5th Amd Dvn 14 35
1st Inf Dvn unavailable
Approx. total-1,315 (not counting the 1st Inf Dvn)

note: Several different cavalry groups (consisting of around 3,000 men each) were
also in the Battle of the Bulge, but no casualty figures are available for
them, and, likewise, the 517th Parachute Regiment.










4


Europe-battle deaths listed in order for the Battle Against the German Offensive In
Northern Alsace, France: Throughout Jan 1945
Listed Approx. Total
45th Inf Dvn 147 315
70th Inf Dvn 145 300
79th Inf Dvn 145 290
42nd Inf Dvn 140 290
12th Amd Dvn 102 245
14th Amd Dvn 115 225
36th Inf Dvn 85 185
44th Inf Dvn 73 170
100th Inf Dvn 70 150
103rd Inf Dvn 69 140
63rd Inf Dvn 36 85
95th Inf Dvn 9 25
Approx. total-2,420



Europe--tattle deaths listed in order for the Battle of the Colmar Pocket,
eastern Alsace, northeastern France: 20 Jan-12 Feb 1945
3rd Inf Dvn 317 (exact figure)
28th Inf Dvn 75 170
75th Inf Dvn 65 150
63rd Inf Dvn 51 115 (254th Rgt, only)
12th Amd Dvn 28 65
Approx. total-820


Europe---attle deaths listed in order for U.S. 7th Army breakthrough the Siegfried Line
mid-March 1945
36th Inf Dvn 103 215
103rd Inf Dvn 80 160
45th Inf Dvn 57 120
42nd Inf Dvn 55 120
63rd Inf Dvn 46 105
65th Inf Dvn 43 90
70th Inf Dvn 27 60
14th Amd Dvn 22 45
100th Inf Dvn 18 35
71st Inf Dvn 5 10
6th Amd Dvn 4 10
3rd Inf Dvn unavailable
Approx. total-965 (not counting the 3rd Inf Dvn)









5

Europe-- tattle deaths listed in order for the Assault to the Roer River: mid-November-
into Dec 1944
8th Inf Dvn 575
84th Inf Dvn 550
104th Inf Dvn 520
29th Inf Dvn 500
102nd Inf Dvn 460
30th Inf Dvn 225
2nd Amd Dvn 160
3rd Amd Dvn 140
Approx. total-3,130

Europe-battle deaths listed in order for the Assault Across the Roer-to the Rhine:
beginning 23 Feb-into early-March 1945. U.S. 9th and part of 1st Armies.
8th Inf Dvn 385
84th Inf Dvn 265
102nd Inf Dvn 255
104th Inf Dvn 235
69th Inf Dvn 160
29th Inf Dvn 140
30th Inf Dvn 140
8th Amd Dvn 135
9th Amd Dvn 135
3rd Amd Dvn 130
2nd Amd Dvn 105
35th Inf Dvn 95
83rd Inf Dvn 50
5th Amd Dvn 30
75th Inf Dvn 30
79th Inf Dvn 15
Approx. total-2,310

Europe-battle deaths listed in order for the Battle of the Ruhr Pocket: late-March-
8th Inf Dvn 320 mid-April 1945
78th Inf Dvn 180
99th Inf Dvn 150
97th Inf Dvn 140
75th Inf Dvn 130
3rd Amd Dvn 120
9th Inf Dvn 105
7th Amd Dvn 100
13th Amd Dvn 95
95th Inf Dvn 95
8th Amd Dvn 90
86th Inf Dvn 90
104th Inf Dvn 80
35th Inf Dvn 60
82nd Abn Dvn 55
101st Abn Dvn 45
2nd Amd Dvn 40
79th Inf Dvn 40
5th Inf Dvn 25
94th Inf Dvn 25
29th Inf Dvn 15
83rd Inf Dvn 10
1st Inf Dvn unavailable
Approx. total-2,015 (not counting the 1st Inf Dvn)











6

Europe-battle deaths listed in order for the Eifel Campaign, western Germany, by
the U.S. 3rd Army: 29 Jan-12 March 1945
Listed Approx. Total
76th Inf Dvn 287 580
4th Inf Dvn 251 500
80th Inf Dvn 237 460
87th Inf Dvn 216 390
5th Inf Dvn 142 320
90th Inf Dvn 136 250
69th Inf Dvn 81 170 (1st Army)
4th Amd Dvn 77 165
2nd Inf Dvn 60 130 (1st Army)
6th Amd Dvn 57 125
11th Amd Dvn 56 120
10th Amd Dvn 44 100
28th Inf Dvn 20 50 (1st Army)
17th Abn Dvn 12 30
Approx. total-3,390


Europe-battle deaths listed in order for the Palatinate Campaign, western Germany,
to the Rhine, by the U.S. 3rd Army: 13-23 March 1945
26th Inf Dvn 67 145
80th Inf Dvn 73 135
94th Inf Dvn 64 135
90th Inf Dvn 64 110
10th Amd Dvn 47 105
12th Amd Dvn 34 80
4th Amd Dvn 26 60
llth Amd Dvn 19 45
5th Inf Dvn 17 40
76th Inf Dvn 18 38
89th Inf Dvn 17 37
65th Inf Dvn 2 5
Approx. total-940












Europe--number of battle deaths listed when and where the following units
crossed the Rhine in Germany: March-April 1945
1st Inf Dvn unavailable 15-16 Mar 45 Remagen bridgehead, 1st Army
2nd Inf Dvn 20 23 Mar 45 mid-Rhineland, 1st Army
2nd Amd Dvn negligible 27 Mar 45 near Wesel, 9th Army
3rd Inf Dvn unavailable 26 Mar 45 Worms bridgehead, 7th Army
3rd Amd Dvn 2 23 Mar 45 near Cologne, 1st Army
4th Inf Dvn negligible 30 Mar 45 7th Army area
4th Amd Dvn 18 24 Mar 45 Worms bridgehead, 3rd Army
5th Inf Dvn 3 22 Mar 45. Oppenheim bridgehead, 3rd Army
5th Amd Dvn 5 30-31 Mar 45 at Wesel, 9th Army
6th Amd Dvn 5 25 Mar 45 at Oppenheim, 3rd Army
7th Amd Dvn negligible 25 Mar 45 1st Army area
8th Inf Dvn 16 29-30 Mar 45 near Cologne, 1st Army
8th Amd Dvn negligible 26 Mar 45 into the Ruhr, 9th Army
9th Inf Dvn 40 9 Mar 45 Remagen bridgehead, 1st Army
9th Amd Dvn 8 7 Mar 45 Remagen bridgehead, 1st Army
10th Amd Dvn negligible 28 Mar 45 7th Army area
llth Amd Dvn unknown late-Mar 45 at Oppenheim, 3rd Army
12th Amd Dvn 3 27-28 Mar 45 at Worms, 7th Army
14th Amd Dvn 2 1 Apr 45 near Worms, 7th Army
26th Inf Dvn negligible 26 Mar 45 at Oppenheim, 3rd Army
29th Inf Dvn unknown unknown 9th Army area
30th Inf Dvn 35 24 Mar 45 near BUderich, 9th Army
35th Inf Dvn 15 25-26 Mar 45 near Rheinberg, 9th Army
42nd Inf Dvn 3 31 Mar 45 7th Army area
44th Inf Dvn negligible 26-27 Mar 45 at Worms, 7th Army
45th Inf Dvn 30 26 Mar 45 near Worms, 7th Army
63rd Inf Dvn negligible 28 Mar 45 at Neuschloss, 7th Army
65th Inf Dvn negligible 29-30 Mar 45 near Schwabenheim, 3rd Army
69th Inf Dvn negligible 26-28 Mar 45 1st Army area
71st Inf Dvn negligible 30 Mar 45 at Oppenheim, 7th Army
75th Inf Dvn 6 24 and 30 Mar 45 into the Ruhr, 9th Army
76th Inf Dvn negligible 26-27 Mar 45 at Boppard, 3rd Army
78th Inf Dvn 16 8 Mar 45 Remagen bridgehead, 1st Army
79th Inf Dvn 40 24 Mar 45 near Rheinberg, 9th Army
80th Inf Dvn 30 27-28 Mar 45 Oppenheim vicinity, 3rd Army
83rd Inf Dvn negligible 29 Mar 45 south of Wesel, 9th Army
84th Inf Dvn negligible 1 Apr 45 9th Army area
87th Inf Dvn 35 25 Mar 45 Braubach-Boppard area, 3rd Army
89th Inf Dvn 110 26 Mar 45 Wellmich-Oberwesel region, 3rd Army
90th Inf Dvn 35 24 Mar 45 near Mainz, 3rd Army
95th Inf Dvn unknown early-Apr 45 into the Ruhr, 9th Army
99th Inf Dvn 30 10-11 Mar 45 Remagen bridgehead, 1st Army
100th Inf Dvn negligible 31 Mar 45 7th Army area
102nd Inf Dvn negligible 3-4 Apr 45 at Wesel, 9th Army
104th Inf Dvn 3 21-22 Mar 45 at Honnef, 1st Army

note: Any divisions not listed which were in Europe--they were either mopping-up,
policing, or resting in areas behind the main line of advance at the time of
these Rhine crossings. There are 520 known approximate battle deaths in this
works. The 17th Airborne Dvn airdropped across the Rhine near Wesel, on 241
March 1945, losing, altogether, on that day, approximately 350 men'









6 3/4


Europe-battle deaths listed in order for Across The Elbe-Into Mecklenburg,
northern Germany: late-April-8 May 1945
82nd Abn Dvn 29
8th Inf Dvn 15
7th Amd Dvn 2
Approx. total 46

Europe-battle deaths listed in order-Into Czechoslovakia: late-April-9 May 1945
97th Inf Dvn 57
90th Inf Dvn 35
5th Inf Dvn 12
26th Inf Dvn 9
89th Inf Dvn 9
16th Amd Dvn 5
87th Inf Dvn 2
9th Amd Dvn 2
Approx. total 131

Europe--battle deaths listed in order-At,l and South Of The Danube, southern Germany,
including (for some units) Austria: late-April-8 May 1945
65th Inf Dvn 72
20th Amd Dvn 50 M
12th Amd Dvn 46
45th Inf Dvn 40 M
86th Inf Dvn 40
100th Inf Dvn 35 (southern WUrttemberg, somewhat north of the Danube)
63rd Inf Dvn 32
42nd Inf Dvn 31 M
llth Amd Dvn 28
99th Inf Dvn 27
44th Inf Dvn 24
13th Amd Dvn 20
103rd Inf Dvn 18
10th Amd Dvn 17
71st Inf Dvn 17
14th Amd Dvn 16
36th Inf Dvn 10
26th Inf Dvn 9
4th Inf Dvn 6
80th Inf Dvn 2
101st Abn Dvn 2 3rd Inf Dvn unavailable
Approx. total 542
M Includes fighting in Munich, Germany










7

Europe--battle deaths listed in order for April 1945: Germany and northern Italy
Listed Approx. Total Listed Approx. Tota
10th Mtn Dvn 270 510 26th Inf Dvn 20 45
63rd Inf Dvn 194 410 101st Abn Dvn 19 45
83rd Inf Dvn 164 305 103rd Inf Dvn 21 42
8th Inf Dvn 164 300 79th Inf Dvn 20 40
3rd Inf Dvn 250 5th Inf Dvn 14 40
3rd Amd Dvn 123 225 85th Inf Dvn 18 33
100th Inf Dvn 122 225 36th Inf Dvn 12 30
9th Inf Dvn 109 225 94th Inf Dvn 10 25
97th Inf Dvn 102 200 106th Inf Dvn 9 20
4th Inf Dvn 95 200 28th Inf Dvn 6 20
12th Amd Dvn 92 200 70th Inf Dvn 3 8
45th Inf Dvn 92 200 1st Inf Dvn unavailable
69th Inf Dvn 94 195 Approx. total-8,485 (not
88th Inf Dvn 90 195 counting the 1st Inf Dvn)
78th Inf Dvn 100 185
99th Inf Dvn 95 180
10th Amd Dvn 86 180 In Brittany, France-April 1945
2nd Inf Dvn 80 170 66th Inf Dva 12 (exact
80th Inf Dvn 86 165 figure)
91st Inf Dvn 80 165
104th Inf Dvn 68 150
14th Amd Dvn 78 145
75th Inf Dvn 67 145
86th Inf Dvn 74 145
42nd Inf Dvn 68 140
44th Inf Dvn 62 135
13th Amd Dvn 55 124
1st And Dvn 70 120
84th Inf Dvn 60 115
4th Amd Dvn 52 115
92nd Inf Dvn 115 (exact figure)
89th Inf Dvn 52 110
30th Inf Dvn 46 110
8th Amd Dvn 54 105
95th Inf Dvn 48 105
9th And Dvn 47 105
65th Inf Dvn 54 100
71st Inf Dvn 54 100
76th Inf Dvn 50 100
6th Amd Dvn 46 100
17th Abn Dvn 44 100
34th Inf Dvn 43 100
5th Amd Dvn 44 95
llth Amd Dvn 44 95
2nd Amd Dvn 41 95
7th And Dvn 55 90
87th Inf Dvn 45 80
90th Inf Dvn 42 80
82nd Abn Dvn 35 80
102nd Inf Dvn 35 80
35th Inf Dvn 27 65
29th Inf Dvn 23 55 (exact figure)
20th Amd Dvn 29 52









WORD WAR II

Pacific--battle deaths listed in order for all of the following units and campaigns:

Guadalcanal: 7 Aug 1942-9 Feb 1943
Listed Approx. Total
1st Mar Dvn 642 (exact figure)
Americal Dvn 193 365
2nd Mar Dvn 342 (exact figure)
25th Inf Dvn 115 230
Marine Raiders unavailable
147th Inf Rgt unavailable
Approx. total-1,580 (not including the last 2 units)


Papua, Southeast New Guinea: Nov 1942-2 Jan 1943
32nd Inf Dvn 253 530


Attu: May 1943
7th Inf Dvn 441 (exact figure)

New Georgia: July-August 1943
43rd Inf Dvn 171 550)
37th Inf Dvn 103 225
25th Inf Dvn 71 145
Marine Raiders unavailable
Approx. total-920'(not including the Marine Raiders)

Makin: 20-23 Nov 1943
27th Inf Dvn 71 (exact figure) (165th Rgt, only)

Tarawa: 20-24 Nov 1943
2nd Mar Dvn 1,000 (approx. figure)

Bougainville: Nov 1943-Nov 1944
Americal Dvn 151 275
3rd Mar Dvn 253 (exact figure)
37th Inf Dvn 89 200
93rd Inf Dvn 13 25
Marine Raiders unavailable
Approx. total-755 (not including the Marine Raiders)
note: Only the Americal Dvn stayed on Bougainville until late-1944.












Pacific--battle deaths listed in order for all of the following units and campaigns:

New Britain: 26 Dec 1943-well into 1944
Listed Approx. Total
1st Mar Dvn 310 (exact figure)
40th Inf Dvn 5 15
Approx. total-325

Kwajalein: Early-Feb 1944
4th Mar Dvn 190 (exact figure)
7th Inf Dvn 65 170
Approx. total-360


Eniwetok: Mid-Feb 1944
27th Inf Dvn 40 100 (106th Rgt, only)
22nd Mar Rgt unavailable

Admiralty Islands: March 1944
1st Cav Dvn 326 (exact figure)


Biak: May-Aug 1944
41st Inf Dvn 192 400
24th Inf Dvn 22 40 (34th Rgt, only)
Approx. total-440

Northern New Guinea: April-Sept 1944
32nd Inf Dvn 100 230
6th Inf Dvn 121 220
31st Inf Dvn 55 115
41st Inf Dvn 44 90
158th Inf Rgt 70 (exact figure)
24th Inf Dvn 43 (exact figure)
43rd Inf Dvn 13 35
33rd Inf Dvn 2 5
112th Cav Rgt unavailable
Approx. total-710 (not including the 112th Cavalry Rgt)

Saipan: 15 June-into Aug 1944
2nd Mar Dvn 1,200 (approx. figure)
4th Mar Dvn 1,107 (exact figure)
27th Inf Dvn 1,025 (approx. figure)
Approx. total-3,335










3

Pacific--battle deaths listed in order for all of the following units and campaigns:
Listed Approx. Total
Tinian: July-into
Aug 1944
4th Mar Dvn 214 (exact figure)
2nd Mar Dvn 185 (approx. figure)
Approx. total-400

Guam: July-Aug 1944
3rd Mar Dvn 619 (exact figure)
77th Inf Dvn 248 (exact figure)
1st Mar Prov Bgde unavailable
Total-867 (not including the 1st Marine Provisional Brigade)

Peleliu: Mid-Sept-Nov 1944
1st Mar Dvn 1,252 (exact figure
81st Inf Dvn 208 (exact figure)
Total-1,460

Angaur: Mid-Sept-Oct 1944
81st Inf Dvn 265 (exact figure)

Morotai: Mid-Sept-into Dec 1944
31st Inf Dvn 34 75
33rd Inf Dvn 25 55
32nd Inf Dvn 2 5
Approx. total-135

Leyte: 20 Oct 1944--into Feb 1945
7th Inf Dvn 584 (exact figure
24th Inf Dvn 544 (exact figure
96th Inf Dvn 532 (exact figure)
77th Inf Dvn 233 490
32nd Inf Dvn 450 (exact figure)
1st Cav Dvn 203 (exact figure)
11th Abn Dvn 200 (approx. figure)
Americal Dvn 82 145
38th Inf Dvn 51 105
112th Cav Rgt unavailable
Approx. total-3,255 (not including the 112th Cavalry Rgt or the
6th Ranger Battalion)









4


Pacific--battle deaths listed in order for all of the following units and campaigns:

Luzon: 9 January-mid-August 1945
Listed Approx. Total
25th Inf Dvn 536 1,070
43rd Inf Dvn 473 970
6th Inf Dvn 494 930
32nd Inf Dvn 407 900
37th Inf Dvn 411 850
1st Cav Dvn 368 710
38th Inf Dvn 336 675
llth Abn Dvn 225 430
33rd Inf Dvn 199 420
40th Inf Dvn 188 390
158th Inf Rgt 245 (exact figure)
24th Inf Dvn 60 140 (34th Rgt, only)
6th Ranger Bn unavailable
13th Amd Grp unavailable
112th Cav Rgt unavailable
Approx. total-6,730 (not including the last 3 formations)

Iwo Jima: 19 February-end of March 1945
5th Mar Dvn 2,113 (exact figure)
4th Mar Dvn 1,800 (approx. figure)
3rd Mar Dvn 988 (exact figure)
147th Inf Rgt unavailable
Approx. total-4,900 (not including the 147th Infantry Rgt)

Okinawa: 1 April-end of June 1945 (all are exact figures)
1st Mar Dvn 2,234
6th Mar Dvn 1,637
96th Inf Dvn 1,506
7th Inf Dvn 1,122
77th Inf Dvn 1,018
27th Inf Dvn 711
2nd Mar Dvn 36 (8th Rgt, only)
Total-8,264

Corregidor (recapture): February 1945
503rd Para Rgt 250 (approx. figure)
Other minor elements unavailable

Cebu: Late-March-April 1945
Americal Dvn 410 (exact figure)

le Shima: 16-29 April 1945
77th Inf Dvn 230 (approx. figure)










5

Pacific--battle deaths listed in order for all of the following units and campaigns:
Panay: March 1945
Approx. Total
40th Inf Dvn 20 (exact figure)


Negros: April-June 1945
40th Inf Dvn 325
503rd Para Rgt unavailable


Mindanao: 17 April-mid-August 1945
24th Inf Dvn 500
31st Inf Dvn 220
41st Inf Dvn 110
93rd Inf Dvn 5
835 Approx. total


Burma: February 1944-August 1945
Merrill's Marauders and Mars Task Force
729 (exact figure)

In the Battle-Myitkyina--Summer 1944
Merrill's Marauders 272




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