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CIVIL WAR DIARIES
AND SAMUEL LOWRY
St. Francis Barracks
St. Augustine, Florida
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404V .: *roil.no ..i Let i: Xicr;^ c 0 'cbar4^ *a o
I.*: Cfc;AT R iY
Oopiod from ori:tr-i loai'ed by Irs. C;aro1ina Elizaboth\ ( n4
0.atson) Hittrick (4046ba)
FLORIDA STATE ARCHIVES
Key t'est eptombor 27th 1861 DEPARTMENT OF STATE
R. A. GRAY BUILDING
6wing to the political affairs of the country and T see, Florida 3230O
federall troops having possession of this plnac., and a it is rather
unsafe for a southern man to live hore, I have determined to love
in disgust, conse:uontly I left today in the schooner Lady Bannorman
for the ahTan:a Tslands, in company ith Canflold,Sawyor, Lone and
sevor'a' others. The schoonor hon o;\ bc:'rd 5. pasong:ers in all, the
r:ost -f which are *-omren and children.
S;und:.y 2. Arrived at De.y Hondfa t 9 oeu3cc. AM!\, all hands
bright,.'. atyer, Alfred Lowo Cr fi. :t.nd
other;. :-.t on shore catch crnas whilo I stayod on board -akE:ng love
to .izs L,, -Got under way about 2 o'clock PI and .r.rive-' at ;nji.hts
Key a-.v C. o'clock 7., and ca:e to achor.
:londay 29 Got under way S o'clock ALI and arrived at
Indian Key at 12 C'clock l:., landed, I 'ind
c;'r!leston Curry fot a lot whisky, all hand took a drink and pro-
co'dcd on our voyage.
30 Head wind and hoovy coa in the Gulf.
Oct 1 H.oad wind .and very rough, all of the fte.le
passengers tsa oick, vary sorry for thoi..
Oct 2 !'ade the Oran:w- ioys ab.ut 3 o'clock ?'J with
a fair i'nd, vns grently ralrmod about 10
o'clocK to h,;.r the confusion on dock, carried away- the. ib and for-
Oati. also tho foray crosstree.
t.3 : Laid to off 3Sandy iey and got a lot of conchs
and as my appetite was very koun I ate many
conchs, stor:od conch,friod conch and roaSt conch .an tapered off on
.rum. 'as taken very sick in the night with the cholera morbus.
Oct 3 Arrived at Green Turtle Key about 10 o'clock
PU, went on shore got something to eat and
drink, care- on board in high spirits owing no doubt to the strength
of 'r. Kichael Harris's brandy.
Oct 4 rent on shore and was taken very sick with the
Oct 5 cholera morbus, thought I would die, but re-
covered today, feeling very wdaM.
Oct 6 Started toduy at 12 o'clock i for Harbor Is-
land, stopped at Groat Harbor 8 o'clock PU
and landed several passengers.
Oct 7 Went on chore this morningg to have a look at
G. Harbor and came to the conclusion that it
was a miserable hole and went on board about 12 o'clock .' and pro-
Oct 8 coeded on our voyage for Harbor Islond at
which place we arrived at on Thursday.
Oct. 1S Went on shore e:nd stayed until Saturday the
14th when I started with :r. Canfield for
Nassau in an old sloop ,uith a no:zro capt. and crow. Arrived in
1assau on Sunday the 15th. S.toped at Spanish rells on our passage
down and saw several of my Key T:est acquaintances. I forgot to men-
tion that I left my brother George,Alfred Lowe and :-.r. Sawyer at
!Harbor Island. Took board at the American house at $1.00 per day
Oct 15 and stayed hero for oight days waiting for a
chance to got to the main land of Florida,
also to meet Sewyer and Lowe, they promised to be here in a few days
Oct 23 after we left, but after waiting for oight
dcys wo pot tired of 'a:sau and i.'..iz, iLh.'tt cur .oc:'itL iifre t. ting
low w''. oViigaed' to .ork 'our p:.ssa.e:a i, an old lo:-ky schuonor bound for
Jacksonville, "'la. SLartod this :fornilrn for Jorman's ,und for a load
Oct 24 Calm all day and one ma:. sick.
Oct 25 Calms and hei;d wind all day.
Oct 26 Li;ht -?inds arn one moro man sick, both with
fever, l14;vingonly the captain and one m.te,
Canfiold an.! myself to work the vessel.
Oct 28 Arrivod at the :ond this day at 2 o'clock PFI,
came to anchor,furled sails and cleared decks.
Oct 29 Got up early this morning and put up bulkheads
for stowing the salt and commenced taking:: the
salt at 8 o'clock, worked until after dark, ate supper and turned in.
Oct 30 The captain *wa:; taken down oith the fevor this
morning but we managed to got loaded by n.liht.
Oct 31 Got under way this morning bound to N2issau to
ship two more men.
Nov 1 Arrived today at 3 o'clock a.n and found that
my brother had left Harbor Island tho day before
also that Sawyer, Lowe and Marcus had loft for Key 'est on the 21st of
Oct. Canfiold and myself shi-:pod two men for tho Capt. who did not go
ashore. Called on my several acquaintances in Nassau, took my tools
on board ;-.nd then went on shoro to h, ve a little s,roe.
Nov 2 Got undur way -it 8 o'clock !A and started for
Jacksonville, 'la. and as I did not -'rite in Cmy
journal during the voya-c, I shall state the procseodin:s in as fea-
wor-s as possible, it is as follows: two ;:ie in a -,atch, one :would
sLoor two hour and the other puntp every hal; hour, and than rali-,,ve
the one :t the ':hoel rn, lt hi;: pu:;:: for t-o hours, .very iitl~i
squall our sails would split .ad ro,~es give vay and thon all h:;nds
would be bur;y for three or four hours at a ti.6e. Our food consisted
of rice and salt pork very poorly cooked at that. At last the joyful
cry of "land ho" was sung out froi; the mast hoa'.d and w: ca:c.e up to
the St. Johns bar on :'ednosday.
Nov 12 Saw a steamboat coming down the river and all
hands wore joking about the blockade, but we
soon cihngod our tune for on looking to leeward wo saw a large steam-
ship corning for us with all steam on, then we saw that our only hope
was to run her through tho breakers whichh was done and I really thought
the old schooner was goin~; to pieces. 'Thilo she was thumping the
steramor w;:s.firing at us but luckily her shoz: fell short, the near-
est one fell about 250 yards atarer of us. The str. knocked off her
false keel and then went over into dilp vnwator loa'-ing very bad. Came
to anchor at L';ayport at 5 o'clock and was very much surprised to see
Channcy L. Hatch stop on board, he was very much surprised to meet us
and very much pleased at the samo time. He belongs to Shuto's l battery
NIov 13 Called on !Hatch at his c.uirters and found him in
very comfortable quarters and his mnss r:L-tos :re
very fine younr mein. Took dinnjrr wi th him r:.nd .~ont back to the schooner,
got undir way and procoode on our way up the river.
Nov 15 M.ado fast at Capt. Miller's wharf r t one o'clock
today. Jacksonville. "'ent on shore and took
board with irs. Donaldson at $5.00 pir week, took my clothes and tools
to her house.
i"ov 20 Started in the cars for Lake City today i.nd on
stopping atnaldwin, one of the station; s on Lhe
ro.'d, I .was very cl,,d t m :ost .:r. rulru.~i. .and :altujr a ..Ley.
.'hoy ;.re on .t-.ir w.:y to 'all.Ah.sooe via Lako C .y on ith si.:'. cars
with mo. When wo got t') Lako Ci0y -,ea loe.rnid thut c:alt. Costo -jas
at Tallahas.;Go anid Lr. :ulrennan porsu-.dcAd rn to ?,o up th.ro a:.d
seo hi:- as woll an the 63 Koy '".'esL s.acksmen th.t ware prisoners at
that place. So I went with them next dny Nov 21st and arrived at
12 o'clock I'. Took board at the .City Notel at 2.00 per day and then
went up to the Court House to see my Key 7West friends. They were
very much astonished to see me for they all thought that I wrs in
the .-ihamas. I stayed in this place four days passing all of my time
with the boys at the Court Jouse. Capt. Sosto told me not to on-
gage myself to any person or company as he expected to have charge
of a steamer in the Confederato service and that he would give. mo a
good situation on board of her.
Nov 25 Capt. Cost and myself left for Lake City
today where we arrived at 2 o'clock P'1,
stayed with him at his cousin's house, i,!r. 'Washington Ives.
Nov 26 Left for Jacksonville at 2 o'clock in com-
pany with the Key West boys as far as Baldwin
at which place we separated, they for Cedar Keys and I and Capt.
Coste for. Jacksonville where we arrived at 7 o'clock PE.
Nov 27 Saw a stoa;mor coming in to the wharf and Canfield
and myself went down to hear the news and
judog of our surprise to see Mr. Sawyer, Harcus (?) (Olivevus) and
Alfred Lowa step on shore for we thought that they wore in Key ';est
for we were told in Nassau that they had gone back to that place.
They hpd been landed at Cape Florida nnd walked ?.nd boated it from
there to Entorpriso and there took a stoamner for Jacksonville where
I met then.
Nov..28 Lowe, ~Marcus and I went to St. Johns bar on
a visit to Hatch,.
Nov 29 stayed there with him until Sunday when we
hired a couple of men to pull us up to Jack-
Dec 1 e started from Ilayport Hills at 3 o'clock PMi
and arrived at 9 o'clock Pr, wont on shore
took a good stiff horn of brandy and went to bed.
Dec 2 Capt. Costa still in Jacksonville but leaves
tomorrow for Tallahassee via Lake City. Wants
us to remain hero until we hear from him for he wants us to go with
him in a steamboat that he expects to have charge of. Cnnfield shipped
in the schr Olive Branch at 950.C0 per month to run the blockade
between this place and Nassau, N.P.
Dec 7 ,7e remained in this place until Saturday the
7th without anything worthy of note when a
.:r. K.B.Smith sent for me in the evening.- I called on him and he
told me that Mr. 1ulrennan had sent him to try and ship ,m together
with Olivevus Barcus, Alfred Lowe and ;m. Sawyer in the Coast Guard
of which he Ir. Smith was master's mate. Mulronnan 1st. Lt. Alter
maloney 2nd Lt. Wagos for privates 20.00 per month. I told him
that I would consult the rest of the party and give him an answer in
the morning. T took a drink with hi;, bade him good night and left.
Saw the rest of the party and they agreed to ship.
Dec 8 Called on ir. Smith this morning and told him
that we would ship with him. Ho told me that
we must be ready to go to Cedar Keys next morning and gave me a
certificate to show the conductors of the road and wo would get thru
at half price.
Dec 9 Left this place at 84 o'clock for Cedar Keys,
arrived at Baldwin where we changed cars for
Cedar Keys and after stopping at numerous places we arrived at our
destination at 5 o'clock P2. Maot.Vr. Pulrennan and a lot of the
Key 'lest smacksmen, reported ourselves to Lt. :ulrennan who took us
up to the hotel that he was stopping at. We took supper and slept
with him that night.
Dec 10 Took up my quarters with the smacksman who lived
like fighting cocks.
Dec. 11 Lt. Mulrennan told me that I must'sond for my
tools which I left in Jacksonville so I wrote
to the landlady that I left them with and enclosed 71.00 to pay for
cartage. lade arrangements with the conductors on the road to bring
them through and the freight would be paid on delivery.
Dec 13 Reed a letter from Jacksonville informing me
that my tools wore shipped according to order but they did not come to
hand. Lt, idulrennan took us before Judge Steelo and we were sworn
into the service of the State of "lorida and of the Confederate
states of America. He came to our quarters this evening and told
all hands that whoever was willing to join the Coast Guard must be
ready by 12 o'clock noxt day but I am sorry to say that not one of
the party would join, they wished to go to Key West.
Dec 14 Loft Codar Keys in the sloop Ocoola for Clear
Water Harbor at 4 o'clock ?. and arrived at
3 o'clock P? 15th inst. Called on Gus Archer, Dick .ars, John Lowe
and some more ey-:.'eost unfortunates. They were all very glad to
see us and troetod.us like brothers.
Dec 16 walked five miles out in the country to got a
cart to take our baggage to Tampa. Saw the
owner of the cart who promised to take us through next day but that
he would-have to tako our things to his place that night in order to
make an early start in the morning. "ont on board, packed up our baggage
put them in the cart and walked back to his house after bidding our
friends good bye. We slept at his house.
Dec 18 Turned out at.4 o'clock A'., got breakfast and
started for Tampa, a distance of 35 miles,
arrived at Tampa at 5 o'clock ahead of the party, for on the road I
met a Lethodist minister, who, seeing that I was very tired very
kindly took me through in his buggy, the rest of the party arrived
about one hour later. We wont to the house occupied by the rmeombrs
of the Coast Guard and took our quarters with them. Found that Lt.
aloney and twelve men were on a cruise down the bay in the sloop
Cate Dale, they arrived today and we reported oursolvus to him. He
told us that he would send us to Point Panollas in a few.days, that
point being our station for the present. Called on Messrs. Crusoe,
Jandrill, Kemp and other Key Westers who are living in Tampa.
*- .:;.c* 0
Dec 21 Took our thinCs on board of one of our boats,
a 14 oar boat andstarted at 9 o'clock A. for
point t Panellas where we arrived at 44 o'clock.
Dec 22 Lt. M'aloney and myself left this place :t 3
O'clock PM for Tampa but we had not cone but
a few miles when it fell a dead c;al.m *~nd vw had to pull for Gadson's
Point, a distance of 15 miles. ";hen -o got there we anchored theo boat
and la.id down on the oars andtried to get a nap but it was such an
uncomfortable bed that 'wecould not get any sleep and about an hour 1
lator 11 o'clock P?, alight breeze sprung up and wve got under way
and arrived at 1 O'clock A'.
Dec23 Bagan a clothes chest for my trunk is us4 up.
Dec 24 Launched our second boat and had a jolly tlw:e
of it. "tt Post trquosted Lt. Aaloney to name
her iollio lost which was done. He brought down a lot of whisky and
we launched the boat with Lr. Crusoe and little ollioe Post in her.
When the boat nw in the water ;r. (;rusoe gave us a short but very
appropriate speech after which wo all took a drink, and after supper
went earonading and got gloriously tight on egg nogg.
Doc 25 Took dinner with Kr. Rickards and a splendid
dinner it was. TWe spent a very areeable day
at his house and at night he had none of the best egg nogg I ever
Dec 27 All hands left today in our boat for our station
where we arrived at 4 o'oclock.kM.
Dec 29 1r. Smith began drilling us today 'or the first
time and the most of the party eont through Lho
facings very well.
Dec 30 Sunday, washing clothes and making wash tubs
out of whiskey barrels.
Dec 31 The guard at the point reported a boat coming.
up the coast. e manned the boat and went after
her, she proved to be a friend. Tent back and drilled. worked nearly
all day building palmetto shanties. Some of the camp hunting and fish-
ing, oystering, claiming & etc. & etc. Thus ends the old year 1861 and
may the. year 1862 be a more peaceable and happy year to us all and
may the Southern States prosper in all its undertaking, gain its in-
dependence and be a prosperous, hapry and powerful nation, and may
we all return to our happy homes and firosides is my prayer. Amen.
R. ":atson. Point Pinollas station January 1st 1862, Fort Buckley.
New Years day, all hands in good health and spirits, working on the
palmetto shinties, but who can tell where we will be next New Years
day? The day ended as usual, with a drill.
Jan 2 I was on guard on the point all day watching
the blockading bark, got back to camp too lato to drill.
Jan 3 While drilling this afternoon, the guard from the
three miles distant from the camp, reported a
boat coming along the coast, One boat was manned and wont after her.
She proved to be a boat from Cloarwator Harbor, Gus Archer on her.
l!r. Smith fired one shot at her which brought her to, got some soft
soap from them as we were out of soap.
Jan 4 Some of us fishing, others hunting. Drilled
after dinner. A boat was reported coming toward
the bayou where we are stationed. One boat was manned, all armed
with muskets. Mr. Smith fired on shot across her bow. She proved
to be the Cate Dale with Lt. Y:aloney and two recruits on board. No
news of importance except an account of a battle at Louisburg, 300
prisoners taken by our troops. .fter supper we all sat around the
ca':p fire playing music, singing, dancing, spinning yarns & otc until
10 o'clock ?P when I went to bed.
Sunday 5 Began my morning devotions by washing ten
pieces of clothes, on guard tonight, everything
quiet all night.
Jan 6 Thirteen of us went to ".aximore place to build
palmetto quarters. Arrived there at 11 o'clock
At nnd commenced work. The mosquitos were very thick in the first
part of the evening and it was very warmn but about 11 o'clock it was
so cold and damp that we could not sleep. Our.beds consisted of a few
palmettos spread on the ground and a blanket spread over them.
Jan 7 -Yorked all day on the quarters, cutting poles,
palmettos, and putting those up. Dug a well
which coved in as soon as it was dug. Got supper, stood guard and
all quiet through the night.
Jan 8 Finished the house today. Cut and put on board
a load of palmettos and pulled up to our camp,
a distance of five miles. Got home safe and finding the boys drill-
ing. Sent my trunk and all of my fine clothes up to 1Lr. Crusoe at
Tampa. .r. Smith and John Bothell started for Tampa at 51 PM, also
..r. Thomas Russell who had been detained by Lt. Maloney, ha had stopped
at the station on his way to Clear,.ater Harbor but as he had no pass
fror; the comdg. officer at Tampa he was; detained as a prisoner and so-nt
to Tampa. No boat or person is allowed to leave Tampa without a pass
and our comdg. officer has orders to detain all. boats and persons
without said pass.
'Jrn 9 At roll call this morning Lt. 1aloney told us
that the following named persons would be the
crows of the boats, viz: in the Vollie Post, Saml. Ashby, box. Josoph
cole; John Allison; Chas. Chapman; J.3. Collins; Chas. Comb; Alfred
Lowe; -arcus Olioviers; Augustus ;urilac; Chas. -iller: J.W. Talbut;
Willianm lawyer ; Robert Watson; J.D. Sands: Peter Williams; G.W. Smith:
Edward Dorsey: Cook. In the TMary Jane Chas.Berry, Cox; Jule Chabot
Benj. Albury; Thos. Burns; Thos. Butler; Jno. Bethol; Jas. Barnett;
G. W7. Sdward; William Franklin; R. Valley; Saml. organ; ..S .Joysolyn
(sic); Eenj. Swain; G.V. nickards; John Worrison; Chas. Anderson
cook. 'Yont over in the mollie post to marenda's place and cut and t
our14 oars1 Got a lot of mullets vThilo over there and arrived .at
camp at 4 o'clock P?, took dinner, cleaned runs & etc, after supper
played music, sang a few songs, smoked our pipes and turned in for
Jan 10 Nothing worthy of remark today except that
some of the boys wounded a deer but did not
get it. Shot 1 rattlesnake and brought it to camp. At night caught
a lot of fish. Nothing to eat for supper but mush, all the roet of
the provisions being out for several days.
Jan 11 Very foggy this morning, some of the boys
have gone hunting, others fishing, clamr:iing,
oystering & etc. all.of which came home empty handed except those
who went oystoring. They brought in a fine lot of oysters. Pro-
visions very scarce.
Jan 12 -12-
Jan 12 Mr. .mith ca:e fronm Tampa today bringing us
the news that Lt..ulrennan was promoted to
captain, also that there had been a battle fought at :eaufort and
that our army had defeated the Lincoln ary and run them on board
of their ships. Lt. iaaloney went up to Taipa today in the Cate Dale.
Mr. S. brought us ten days provisions which was very acce;-tablo as
we have had nothing to eat for the last four days but corn mral .nd
whatever we could catch in shape of game or fish, all of which had
to be boiled for the want of grease. Slept about four hours today,
it being Sunday and having been on guard last night, all quiet dur-
ing the night.
Jan 13- Commenced a palmetto house for the officers,
cut the frame and put it up, also the pulm-
otto leaves wero cut and brought to the framee. Some of us were pliy-
ing music, others were playing cards, dancing, slnging,..& etc in the
evening when we were startled by the report of a gun. All hands
rushed for their arms and ammunition. Mr. Smith ordered tho boats
to be manned which was done in a hurry. We pulled out of the bayou
and discovered the Cate Dale ashore on the bank. Lt. ,.alonoy had
fired the gun for assistance. '~e took a line from her and pulled
her off and towed her in to our quarters. Yr. Crusoe came down in
her to pay us a visit, they brought no news of importance. 'oent to
bed at 9 o'clock PL feeling very tired and slooepy for I had worked
hard all day. Sverthing quiet through the night.
Jan 14 workedd all day thatching the house. Nothing
worthy of remark, took place during the day.
In the afternoon we drilled' and ir. S5ith and two man made propara-
tions to go on a cruise to i'ullet Key to have a look at the block-
ading bark. They started at 7 o'clock 1:~. I was on guard at niht
and felt very unowll owing to a bad cold, No excitemont through the
Jan 15 Worked all day flooring th- officer's quarters
which was finished by night. No drill today
owing to the absence of Lir. Smith who arrived from !Zullet K~ey at 7
o'clock PH. Hle.- ado no discoories of importance. ;.r. Crusoe killed
a fine deer in the forenoon. No excitement during the night.
Jan 16 crashing and mending clothes, trimming oars and
etc, drilled in the afternoon. `as around from
sound sleep at 2; o'clock AM by the beating of the drum. Turned out
taking my musket, revolver and ammunition and formed in line with the
rent of the men, all of us wondering what .~as up. Lt. 2.aloney called
the roll after which he examined and then informed us that ve could go
to be a:-ain as he had alarmed us for the purpose of seeing how quick
we could be ready for action. I turned in again and had just fell as-
leep when the guard gave the alarm that a boat was coming into the
bayou. We all snatched our arms and oere ready in short order,thon
marched down to the beach. The boat proved to be from the sloop
Cate Dale who was lying outside of tho bayou loaded with provisions
for us. The boats rere mnaned and nont out to her, took her load
and carried it to camp. She left immediately for Tampa.
Jan 17 Mr. Crusoe went with her. 1,hile drilling this
afternoon the man at the lookout reported a
boat coming up along shore. The pllie post's crow were ordered
aray, we went out and overhauled the boat. She proved to be a
friend sans a ship standing for the blockading bark. Started for the
bayou when wo saw the "ary Jane coming out towards us. Laid on our
oars and waited for her. She also spoke the boat and then started
for the bayou. waitedd until she was opposite-to us and then gave
way both crews doing their best. Our boat struck three or four times
on the bank and one of the bow oars broke but we beat her, it being
tho first race that we have had. It was quite interesting and ex-
citinng. At roll call 2:r. Smith called for volunteers to man the
Mollie Post. Nearly every man in the company volunteered, myself
among the number, but as it was my guard night I was not allowed to
go. The boat was manned and started for Boca Ceiga pass to look
for a boat that was reported laying there. They got back to camp
at 1 o'clock PM not seeing anything of the boat. All quiet through
Jan 18 Not having anything to do in the forenooh I
slept for about three hours. After dinner went
after and brought in a lot of fire wood. ,ended some of my clothes
all of which were getting rather the worse for wear. At night played
cards and went to bed. No excitement through the night.
Jan 19 Sunday. Inspection of arms at 81 o'clock AM,
my gun was pronounced to be in the best order
in the company. I forgot to mention that we had target shooting
yesterday, a great many of the company did not hit the target and
I hit in the same place, .y gun gave me an awful kick and I really
thought that my jaw bone was broke. Every one of the guns kicked
badly o'lrif Lo there being too much 'o,;der in the cartridges. The
best shot received for a prize too pounds of tobacco, tho second best
one pound and the third best half pound. I went to the oyster bar
and ate my fill of oystors and brought home onou.h to fry for super.
At 7 o'clock P! volunteers wore calle-l for to mann the .olliie ost to
go to T-oca Ceiga to try and capture a Yankee schooner boat that re-
:ported to be about that place. :"s started at 7 o'clock f", -ith fif-
teen men and Lt. %Valoney in commn.nd. Arrived at M4aximo place at 11
o'clock 11,' took our things on shore and turned in. About 2 o'-clock
AR, we were all aroused from sleep by M!arcus who was on guard.. *lH
rushed into -the shanty and san. out to us to hurry up and Cet our
arms for the Yankees were upon us. "'.e all jumped up, seized ourarmns,
loaded them and rushed out into the open air expecting to see a large
party of the enemy closo at hand, but found that it was a false alarm.
Marcus had seen four of our men coming out of the woods and took them
for the enoey. 7e made and drank so:e coffee, manned the boat and
pulled for Loca Ceiga at which place we stopped at,' at daylight, ient
on shore had a look at the. bark, ate breakfast, smoked our pipes and
was calculating to stay till next day when we saw a boat coming down
the cost hail-id and brought to. She proved to be a friend and in- .*
formed us that.the Yankees had taken Cedar Keys and burnt some of the
place. The boat was manned and we left for camp at pointt i'inellas for
the Lt. said that he expected that we would be wanted in Tampa. ,e ar-
rived at camp at 1 o'clock ?P finding Capt. Uulrennan there. He was
waiting for us to go to Tampa. All of our provisions had already gone,
we got dinner and started for Tampa feeling very tired at which place
we arrived at 8 o'clock ,' all hands completely used up for we had
pulled for twenty four hours on a steady drag, only taking timo out
to eat. '70 went to our old quarters, got a slight supper and turned
Jan 21 Volunteers were called for to go over to Spanish
Town to build batteries as the enemy was expect-
ed in a short time. Everyone volunteered willingly but all of us that
had been on the last cruise of the ".ollie post wore excused. They
wont over the river and nearly finished one battery, the rest of us
went up to the barracks and took throe small cannon and boated them
over to our batteries or rather those that we were to build. It
rained very hard all night and the house that we ure staying in leaked
Jan 22 All hands at *-ork on the batteries today. Had
to knock off several times in consequence of
rain but finished.the one that wasbegan yesterday and nearly finished
another. Rained very heavy all night with a plenty of thunder and
lightning but I managed to sleep very sound.
Jan 23 Worked on the batteries all day. In the after-
noon Capt. ?.ulronnan fired two shots at a target
with ono of the six pound guns, mado very good shots. '.ovod over
to Spanish Town today into very comfortable quarters with the exception
of our having to sleep on the floor and fleas very bad. All :quiet
through the night.
Jan 24 Mothing today it being rainy, in the afternoon
we were drilled, several of our men sick but
not seriously. No disturbance through the night.
Jan 24 Nothing today it being rainy, in the after-
Noon we were drilled, several of our men sick
but not seriously. No disturbance through the night.
Jan 25 Nothing worthy of note took place today.
Jan 26 Sunday. After breakfast Mr. Smith took a
guard of eight men over to the Spanish smack-
smen who had refused to work and were suspected of trying to escape
in boats to Key West. They were removed from the house they occupied
to one nearer to us. They were removed by Capt. Sheffield's order,
he being commanding officer in Tampa. A guard is set over them night
and day, and they have to work eight hours every day. About 2 o'clock
P;.we were informed that the crew of the Olive Branch was coming up
the river, the schooner having been taken by the Yankees. I went
down to our battery and waited until they landed but was very sorry
and disappointed to learn that my friend Canfield was taken prisoner
by the d--d black republicans. Five of her crew escaped in a boat
but Canfield would not leave the schr as he thought that there was
no chance of escape in the boat. The five that arrived here took
quarters with us.
Jan 26 Went over to the magazine and got a lot of ammun-
ition for our cannons and muskets, took them to
the boat and carried them over to our side of the river, but just as
we began to land it we were called back by the Ordinance Sergeant
who told us that we could have but half of what we had in the boat.
I went up after Capt. Mulrennan and told him about it. He was very
angry about it and told us to land the whole of it and said that Capt.
Sheffield could take his ammunition and go to the devil with it for
`.~.:- -. .- :~:: ~: ~.:- '.:: ~: j~~ ~~-~ ; :.~~;',~-~y -~Trl;jr~ Lir s'l
he would have nothing more to do with it. ':o landed it and went
homo to our quarters.
Jan 28 Capt. !.'ulrnnan took Alfred Lowe and myself
over the river to make cartridges. "'o worked
all day and made quite a large number. The sloop Cate Dale cnre up
from P:oint Finollas late in the evening bringing our clothes, for I
forgot to mention that we loft all our clothes there when we came up,
our boats being too small and crowded to bring them with us when we
Jan 29 worked all day on the cartridges. Two of the
schooner Olive Eranch's crow joined our com-
pany today, the other three Capt. sulreian sent to Cedar Keys in
a boat belonging to us, the boat is to bring arms, ammunition and
provisions for us. Nothing more worthy of note today.
Jan 30 At roll call this morning Mr. Smith informed
us that there would be and election this day
for one 1st., one Znd and one 3rd Lt. and that our com~pany.would
heroaftor be known as the Key 'est Avengers. After roll call there
was great disputing about who should be run for the above named
officers. :early all of the company were in favor of not giving
?.C. aloney a vote for any office as he is not liked by many on
account of his actions towards the company, and also for the follow-
ing expressions that he made at *oint Pinellas. Ho said that we
could not be treated like white men but must be treated like niggers,
he made this remark to 1r. Swith and several of us hoard him but
while the boys were electioneering and writing tickets some one
went over and told Capt. lulrennan about it. He caom over immed-
lately in a groat passion and told us that he did not care a d--d
who was elected for 1st Lt. for he should npD;.oint '.'alter baloney
over him. '-e all know that it was out of his power to do so and
rr. rmith.would have boon unanimously eloctod for that office, but
he came over and called the -company together and told them that he
had hoard about the fooling of the company and he wished for his
sake that they would not run him for that office as it would make
hard feeling between him and the othor officers should he be eloct-
ed and requ stod that 'all who were in favor of letting thing go on
smoothly and not run him for the office to shoulder.arms. ut not
a gun waw raised. He then begged thon not to persist in running him
and mado quite a nice speech but his feeling overcame towards the
last so that ho could scarcely spoak. He said in his remarks that
he did not want any office on account of pay for he had money enough,
he only desired to be of 3orvice to his suffering country. He
thanked them all for their good opinion and kind foelln.s toward
him and etc.-and wound up by requosting thom again not to run him
as he could not think of accoi-ting the office. The men then to
please him very reluctantly shouldered their arms. He thanked
them and told them to broak ranks. The election was then postponed
until next day at 2 o'clock F;. T was not at camp} at tho titze ?'r.
smithh was thore speaking to the mon as I was over the river making
cartridges, but I was told. all bout it at supper.
Jan 31 I am on guard today, came homo in time for
the election, 30 out of 50 votes wore given
to .'. C. 'aloney for let Lt. 20 of the men did not vote for him but
as there 'as no opposition ho :'as eloctod. !Lr. S.ith vas olbctd 2.id
Lt. unanaiously. ,mwuel Ashby-.ws sloctod 3rd Lt. Nothing, oro of'
note except that I ras on jruard four hours at night.
:ob 1 Drilled thin norninr, slept about hours in the
foronaoo.as I hd but littlo sloep last night.
Tho followin:- ap-noinLntnss were rmado by Capt. Hulronnan: Chas. Tarry
Tim .ucKley: iobrt 'atsoin and John Aillson for mnstors riatojs ann
Joseph Cole; Jule Chabot; John Bothell and Saml ,or(;ani for coxiralns
I received an invitation from somo ladies in Tampa to call 'over and
zsend the eviining. I accepted thle nvit-Aion and *.'ont over after
upper. 'as introduced to sevorel of the fair sex and passed a very
pleasant ovfning, got back to our quatrtore about 10 o'clock tF1. and
sFb 2. Sunday. Inspection of aran by Capt. 2ulronnan.
Our arms pronounced to be in good ordor. I am
on duty today as officer of the day. 30 volu.-ntern wero cA:llod for to
go on an expedition to Manates to look after the Yankoos that ere re-
ported to be in that placo. Our bomts woro launcl;od and put In the
stroarm. '7o are to start tomorrow, I .oS with thom. Nothing moro today.
Feb 3 Groat preparation this morning gettir.n. the
oats roady onii packing our dunnago. Left
Tampa at 2 o'clock P. Capt. L'ulronnan in the Wary Jane. Lt.
Ahy in thoe ollie Post and LL. .aio.ney in the sloop Cata ;ose. I
am in t.oe ;,ollio 'Post and we boat thoe *ary Jane so bad that io h',d
to anchor at Gadson's ?oint and wait for her. ':'hon she came up with'
us G:pt. lulronnan told us to p,.ocaod to our old .u-rtors :.tt 1oint
,inollas art which place rvo arrived at 9 o'clock P'! which was over an'
hour ahc:ad of those .nry Jane. "o built a firo, ate sorme breand- nd
drunk wutor and was porfoctly natisfied aftor tkeiing a s:;,oke sie
turned in kepping no guard as those ate is laying ft the mouth of the
"eb 4 Aftor brcr.kfust this morning -ie fired off our
Ouns and cloned them. All hands had t good
nleep through the day and after an early upper loadod our guns, put
our thinr. In the boats ansr started for :nateo at 7. o'clock P? after
building a 1; srgo fire at the camp. The wind boing very lihit w o had
to tow the Cato Dale -all the way to !unateo, a distance of 14 miles..
Cnmpood three miles bolow thn s,ttlemnr.t in open air with a heavy dew
ab .5 Started for thn settlotomnt at daylil.ht at which
place en arrivod at 7: o'clock AM. In pass-
ing thy guns out of the Mary Jane ono of tho guns nccidantally went
off, one of tho buckshots went into Tom Uutlor'. foot. It struck one
of his to-s breaking it all to piocss nnd passing up into his foot.
A.11 hands in good health and anxious for fight. Got brosakfast at 12
o'clock PcY. S-nt Tom 2utlor up to Tampa in the Cato t~lo to h.'vo his
wound .rossed for we havo no doctor with us. I walked out to Capt.
*ick- oberts a distance of 14 wilos. iio and family in ,:ood health and
.sprlt. "pont a few hours very agreeably with Lhor and .,ot back to
cam. at 11 o'clock ,2.
Feb 6 After breakfast we went over to tho sucor plant-
ation. I drank a lot of c'noe beer which ;as very
nice but It did not agree with mo. ,After dinner we started for Shaw's
pointt tkln:ri 25 men belonging to Turnors ilorse Compacny with us. o
fixed our 'uartors, rot support, sot the guard tnd turned in, the
mosquitos lnd: fleas in abundanco.
7eb 7 The Cnte Dale arrived this morning bringl;. us
the nown that thore had bean a fight at Cedar
Koys but no particulars as to tho result, also that Tom butler fas
out of dan.er, also that capt. Shoffreld hzd tried to take our cannon
the .diy after wn left but Lt. Smith would not allow hic to do so,
nothing : ore today.
Seb 8 One of our mon ha been mraling since yestor-
day. Aftor.brosukfant I want into the -.oudtn r-ad
cut a mist for our boats bavinag carried ours in coming down to this
place. +nded the evening by sin~ ing. o.-ng, tollitn stories & otc.
The flon ,wore so savage that I could not sluep.
Feb 9 Nothing worthy of oe:-.ark took placo today. I
am on guard tonight and tomorrow. I did not
get a wink of sloep all night on account of the flees. rark and
stormy nll night with lots of rain ?.nd blowing very hard. All of
us in hopes that the blockadinr. barque would go on shore but she
Feb 10 On tuard today. Continued ratning until 12
o'clock 'V.. Tha eollio ;-ost's crow with Capt.
.:ulronn-an went up to tho nuir plantation and brought us at the catp
a barrel of. cnno beer. They wero all pretty merry owing to the
otrongth of the boor that they had drank in largo *utntitios at
th1 mill. All vont well through the ni.ht.
Feb 11 The horoo company are till growling .'nid Alssa.t-
isfied, they don't want to stand ju'ird. I
hope they will go atway soon for they aro thn laziest, dirtiest and
lou':let set of men that I ever sw. Cur boit want up tho river aftov
beef but did not got any, it not being roody for uso.
Fob 12 Wont fishing h thin wornIng, caught a few nice
sheophoad. After breakfast the horsm company
!wont away, thank fortune. I think that we will go to Tampa soon, for
the flees are awful.
Feb 13 I wont up to aothor Jose's place this morning
after beef. Started at 3 o'clock Al and ;:ot
thr.o before dviylight. The dinlarnce is six miles. Got 2C7 Iab of
bedf and got back to camp about 8 o'clock,. A'-tor broad fast .as X sat
on my bed smoking rcy pipo and looxtin1 at ll Talburt, hi n ; !tol, a
Colt's revolver, -wnt off. The bal l'rsnEin through'"his hip but luck-
ily only goirn.through the flesh tit.hout striking the bone or chords.
I acted doctor. The throe voluntoors that came rit1l us for a cruise,
viz: John McRay, 'illlnm '-'erris and "om '-oward want up to the Manattoo
hotel to stay until wo are rnady to go to Tampa. I think that they do
this toavoid goln5i on guard for they thought that whon they cr:E~ bhero
they could plvy the gontloemn but Capt. uhlrennnmn akos the.; do tho
s.ao as 'o all have to doa. nrvo to lavo for Tampa tomcrrow niGht,.
so says the cat-t. 1.an on guard to:;.i.ht and nevor shut my oy-:s th'
role n 0lhL. o. account of the cussed fleas.
Fob 14 Got breakfast at 6 o'clock this morning took
all of our things in the Loats and w.nt up to
tho settlement. '!e stopped ct mother Joe's and sho trontod capt.
,ulrennan and myoolf to a glatss of whisky which is the first liquor
thl:.t I have tined for t;--o months. Left fOr f.mpa to 4 o 'c1c: ,
we had an exciting r:;ce botwoen t:ihe a-ry J -no n-nd th.o i.oloi ozt,
tho latter having a boat in tow,but tho .:ohlio lost btat her. To
record for 16 miles without alackening-3 uip any. All hands drenched
in por:ipiration, "';e arrived at camp at 12" o'clock All when we all
1eb 15 All hands in .good hoealh. Great blowing bettOeen
the two boat'crews, each -prty s-:arinx that
their boat crun bnit tho'othor. Goneral cleaninn: of arms all day.
Nothing more today.
Feb 16 Sunday. After broakfint this morning instead
of inspection of arms Lt. Smith told us thit
ths Cornfodorate S:tates wanted us to join their service for on ypar
or the war. Hle delivered :uite a nice spooch ;hlch had the effect
of gettir.n us all to join. Capt. ;.ulrornnn received a lettor from
my brother George a few days Eao. I .a much duape pointed that I did
not receive aono from him for he knows that .I am hers. He stotos to.t
all the troops on Key Rest ar to be cut down .nd th1:t all the prin-
cihle houses in the place aro to be occupied by thn soldiers. I am
on ,uar. todny tan. tonight. :o excitement through the day or n'lht.
Feb 17 The Capt. told me th.rt hn wxintod -iO tog.Lthar
with l.'r. Ruvsell &i RicKards to build thublus,
bSnches, bunks & etc no that to an can be mnade comfortabbo. "o
aent to the saw mill nnd picked out so;eo lumb.r and order.od more to
be saved. ;Nothin n more worthy of re-ark today.
Fob 18 Twenityrive mZn tartd t.his orni:i for lianatee
under Lt. S~Ath and Ashby. Thoy took ith thom
twontyfivo of Shoffhldd's company. '7o brov:ht our ltmber across the
rivor in bo.ts and backed it up to our quarters, kicked d out a lot
of tooln and ground and :'ut them ir. order, mado saw horssa & etc.
All reivly to to to work tomorrow. Our company is to be divided In
mnooss of twelve meni In different houses, which wi1l b, much bettor
trhn all hand:' living; togsthor.
Feb 19 Tenr on started for Yayport after a small
schooner belonZing to the state of Florida
with orders to bring her to this place. Worked all day making tables.
I received 40 cents per day extra and am excused from guard or any
Feb.20 .orked all day' and in the ovening I rocelved '
an invitation from a young lady to come over
and spend the evening and to bring my flutina. I accepted the in-
vitation and went. Pasdsd a very pleasant evening and got back to
camp at 11 o'clock. While over thoerr I. heard that the enory had
been at Clearwater and takon our boats that had boon left there for
safe koeeing. The people at that :liaco offered no resistance what-
over. Shame on them, for throo or four men could havo killed the
whole party, the enom.y being in a boat and they in a thick wood
Feb 21 rhilo at roll call this morning one of the
:on that started for Bayport.camo to camp bringing information that
the enemy had been at Papy's be.you and that a ;.an named John :hito-
hurst rnd his uife had gone off with them to the blockading b:rrque.
This mrn had lor~ been sus::ected of being on friendly tore-.s with
the enemy, but no proof could be brought aGainst him until now.
T spent the evening with r-. Rickards and family.
Feb 22 Capt, gulronnan and ton men went to the place
lately occupied by '?hitohurst for he is expected
to be back after his things, and if they come there will be a chance
for a fight. There is only eight men loft hore at present and should
the onomy come o would have to take to the woods for safety.
Feb 23 Sunday. Truly this is a cosmopolitan company,
it is composed of Yankoes, Crackers, Conchs,
Engllishmhtn, Spaniards, Germans, Frenchnon, Ttallans, -oles, Irish-
men, Snodos, Chinoeo, Portuguese, irazilians, I Rock Scorpion Crusoe;
but all are good southern men. There are also Scotchran, -olsh:non
and some half Indians, surely this is the greatest mixture of nations
for a small company that I ever hoard of.
Feb 24 There has boon nothing worthy of note since
last date except many rumors of hattloe fought won and loot. Our
company returned to camp. Stayed two days then wont on another
cruise leaving only seven of us in camp. I have bo;en.at work on the
bunks & etc. Up to yesterday whon we got out of lumber and as there
is a report that Tampa is to be evacuated I would not get any more
until Capt. !:ulronnan comes back. Mr. Smith is expected today from
Tallahasson whor ho h as been on business for the company. The
musterinri officer was here and said that he had no orders to muster
us in as a boat company, but as a company of heavy artillery. -e
would mrustor in as such, thorofor Nr. .Smith went to Tallahasseo to
one whLt can be done. "o aro willing to enlist for the var fs a
count Guard or in tha navy and Capt. ,ulronnan and ,-r. Smith backs
up in the dutorninantion of not ontor!ng as a foot cor;;pany. They
both say that wo must stick together and if tho 4orst coces we will
fl7ht on our own hook. I am now in moss of twelvo men. :'e pay two
dollars onch a month for servant hire, they cook and wash for uo and
kocp our house in order. At prosen~z Charley Uorry and I are the
only two present, the balance are on a cruise. The Yankeos hayo taken
-ornndina about a wook ago. Just heard by mail that Jacknonville
anid -t. Augustine are in the hnnds of the enemy consequently I
hava lost all of my tools worth $300.00, a serious Loss for me
for I was in hopes that I would save the:. nd e should y life be
spared, to start buninoos aftor the *ar was over.
Mar 16 Sunday. Recvd information that the enemy had
shelled rnd burnt the dwelling hind out houses
of Mr Abel Varenda. Our Capt. gave us orders to get ready to go to
Manatee tomorrow. We took one six pounder and put it on board of
the sloop Cate Dnle nnd landed the 6ther on-the opposite side of
the river. We are to wait until the mail arrives as 1.t. Smith is
expected in the stage.
Mar 17 After getting everything on board today the
order'to go to Manatee vwrs oountermnndod,
Everything had to be tnken on shore ahdM ki hands ordered t6 start'
immediately for Lfanetoe nnd brine up all of our company stationed
there. No news by the mail and Lt. Smith di, not come or write.
Started from the wharf at 4 o'clock FM and it being ncrrly calm all
night did not get to Shaw's Point until 4 o'clock Ah. on W;e were
near that point we snw three boats pulling with all speed for us.
Gbt our guns ready for action but they proved to be our boats. Got
to the settlement at 8 o'clock.
Mar 18 Went out in the country end called on Mr. Bill
Lowe and family and Capt. Richard Roberts and
family all well. Took dinner with Capt. Roberts and went back to
camp. Started for Tampa at 5 PM. Stopped at Point Pinollas and
Innded Chas. Berry and five men to signalize when the enemy comes
in sight. Stopped at QGdson's Point and landed Joseph Cole and
5 men for the some purpose.
ear 19 Arrived at Tampa at 6 o'clock AM. After break-
fast turned in and had a nap for I had not slept
rny for two nights. In the afternoon was informed thzt 30 volunteers
*** ;-; -4 > o ; i -' ** ** '* ^. ~
wanted to go on a scout at Point Pinollas. The Yarkees had been
at Uirandas place and burnt everything that he had, his clothing
and wife's nieces and children's clothes, and chased him through
the woods, fired twice at him but he escaped unhurt. I returned
to go but it blowed too hard to start.
Mar 20 Blowed and rained all day. No excitement.
Mar 21 Started at 1 o'clock PM in the Gate Dale with
a good breeze. Stopped at Gadson's Point about
sundown end went on shore and got supper with the men stationed
there. After upper it rained and blew pretty hard and continued
squally all night. I got no sleep, having no place to sleep clear
of the wet.
Mar 22 Squalls and heed winds all day.
Mar 23 Very rough, but started for Point Pinellas. The
sloop once very near capsizing several times but
managed to get to our destination at sunset. Camped in the woods and
slept first rate although it rained through the night.
Mar 24' After breakfast we went over to a shcnty about
three miles distant where we are to be stat-
ioned for the present. Dug a lot of sweet potatoes, cooked and ate
supper and turned in.
Mar 25 After breakfast this morning Jerry Weatherford
who had charge of some men on Point Pinellas
came over and informed us thnt W'm. Talbot, John Singloton and John
Baker hbd stolen a boat end ran.away taking their arms and all the
provisions that they had in the camp. I was never more surprised
in my life. Over a dozen of us volunteered immediately to go in
pursuit of then. We repaired a small .boat belonging to Mr. Coons
*i-_._...,^, ...... ~-- --^m '._____- -'. -
end five of us started in the afternoon, the boat leaking very badly.
It is useless to mention all the little incidents that took place as
we went along the coast wading the boat over oyster bars, having no
chance to sleep, out clothes wet all the time, very little to eat & etc.
Mar 27 We stopped at Point a Rassa this day. Stayed
until next morning but could see nothing of the
runaways and our provisions nearly 6ut came to the conclusion that we
had better go back. We therefore started after breakfast and stopped
at Henry Brown's place in the afternoon. He has got a splendid place,
beautiful lemon and orange groves, thousands of lemons rotting on the
ground. He gave us some potatoes, pumpkins and lemons after which we
proceeded homewards, We arrived at our camp at Point Pinollas on
the 2nd of Apl. and found that the boat company wae broken up
Apr 2 and thut we were to be formed into Guerrilla com-
panies. Capt. fulrennan to have charge of one
company and Capt. Smith another, the company tb number thirty four
rank and-file. There were only eight men left at the camp. The rest
of the men had gone to Tampa.
Apr 3 Seven amn came from Tamps today. We ere all td
be at Tampa on the 10th. Capt. M~lr:nnan has gone
to Tallahassee to draw our pay & etc. Wo went hunting but got nothing.
Apr 4 Twelve of us went on a bruise visiting the places-
of the torico that had gone to the blockade. Got
a lot of corn and some salt & a few old chairs & etc at Frank Gerard's
place. At Grinder's place we.killed two hogs end visited two more of
the traitors places. ..
Apr 5 Got back to camp on the 5th all well.
Apr 6 Shot a fine large steer, it wxvs the best beef that
I have seen for some time. Made soup of the head
and its a positive fact that there was sixty gallons of soup made
and drank this day and there is twenty of us. Besides there was about
fifteen pounds of steek end 1~ bushels of potatoes cooked and ate
during the day. Passed the evening at 1r. Coons house, He and wife
end eldest daughter are highly educated and I wonder at their burying
themselves in the pine woods of Florida when they have lived all their
lives in the best of society.
Apr 7 Nothing worthy of remark today.
Apr 8 Saw a schooner going to the blockade.
Apr 9 Took our things over to the bayou and got ready
'to start in the morning.
Apr 10 Started this morning for Tempa with Mrs. Miranda
and son, Iiss Alice Curry and brother on board.
It being calm had to pull all the way. Arrived at 2 o'clock PM.
Heard that Charley. Collins had married Mrs. Black the night before.
In the evening a lot of us vont over to his house and gave him a
serenade with tin pans & oto-he came out with his fiddle and struck
up also. We then stopped the noise and he and Woods played several
very nice tunes together, after which we went to the officers quarters,
took an old follow that belongs to our company named Pratt that was
living with a negro woman that cooked for the officers and rode him..
on a rail down to the wharf and threw him overboard. We then gave him
a lecture, told him what it was done for and that if he was caught
doing the like again that we would give him thirty nine lashes, after
which we aent to our different quarters and turned in.
.. ,3 2 :-
Apr 13 Nothing worthy of remark took place during the last two days
except that I joined Capt. Mulrennan's company. Capt. Smith
wanted me to join his company and offered to make me first masters mate and
quartermaster of his company but I preferred being with Mulronnan. At 11 o'clock
Al the alarm was given that the enemy was in sight and coming up the bay. We all
took our arms and ran down to the ditches all bands anxious for a fight. A large
schooner was coming towards the town and after keeping us waiting for over an hour
came to anchor behind an island two miles from town. Picket guards were sot at all
the different roads leading to this place for we are of opinion that the Yankees have
landed men below us and came in the schooner to draw our attention while they march
up in our roar. A boat was seen coming from her and two of our boats were manned and
wont out to her. She had a flag of truce and demanded the surrender of Tampa, I'ajor
Thomas told them that he would not surrender it. The Yankee officer then gave him
twentyfour hours to take the women and children out of the town as they would attack
the place at the end of that time, Our men gave thres cheers at the prospect of
having a fight which made the men in the Yankee boat look down in the mouth as they
expected to see us all look frightened and ready to surrender. Capt. Smith told us
to take all of our clothing and carry thom up the river as the enemy might come too
strong for us and should we have to retreat it would be impossible to carry anything
with us. A strong picket guard on all day and night. I am at work making cartridges
Apr 31 No sign of the enemy but there is a bright\ lookout for then.
Apr 15 Election of officers today.. Samue2 Ashby was unanrtously elec-
ted Lt. of Smith's company, Chas. Berry vas elected Lt. protem
in Kulrennan' s company, In the afternoon th. Cate Dale that had started for Old
Tampa in the morning was seen coming back. A little after dark two boats were
manned and we vent after thinking that they may be in distress, and such was the
case for on coming up to them they told us that a boat with English flag had chased
them. We both took them in tow and took her up town. When we got back vw were
infor.md that two men had arrived from Manatee stating that they had ran away from
Key West. About one hour later a boat was seen coming up. We went down to our
battery, hailed and brought her to. She proved to be from Key West with four =mn
that ran away from that place. A guard was set over them all night but they were
liberated in the morning.
Apr 16 On guard today and night, no excitement.
Apr 20 Nothing worth of remark from last date except drilling twice a
day. Inspection of arms this morning. I am on guard today and
Apr 21 Recvd letters from Capt. hulronran this morning informing us that
he had accepted the appointment of assistant quartermaster general
with the rank of najor, also that our boat company was mustered out of the service
since the fifth of March and that we wore expected to join a heavy artillery company.
He advises us to form ourselves into the artillery service, if not we will be
pressed into some infantry company. 11 says that if the company insists on his be-
ing their Capt. he will resign his commission and be with us. The company was then
formed into lin= and all that wished to be in the artillery company requested to
stop forward two paces. oNarly all of us stopped forward and I think that in a day
or two they will all join. So informed us also that he had permission to go to Key
West with a flag of truce to get the families of the men in this company to come over
here. I trust that he will go as I can then get some noxs froa home for I have not
received a line from them since I loft.bome.
Apr 2 The company went into election for officers this morning and
the following is the result. R. B. Smith Capt., W. C. Kaloncy
1st Lt., Sal. B. Ashby 2nd.Lt., and Nohn A. Bethel 2nd Lt. At 4 o'clock PM twelve
of us went ovvr in a boat and brought over Major Thomas and his lady. The major
mustered us into the Confederate service after which the company gave -three cheers
for the major. eW then pulled him and his lady up and down the river for which
he thanked us.
Apr 26 Raining all the morning. Drilled in the afternoon.
Apr 27 Sunday. Inspection of arms.
Apr 28 Corenced drilling with tha bayonet on the Zouave drill. I for-
got to mention that the following appointments were made on the
25th, lot Sgt. Chas. H. Berry; 2nd do Robert Watson; 3rd do Joseph Cole; hth do
John Allison; 5th do Jules Chabet lest Corporal Saml. )organ; 2nd do Sa. Sawyer;
3rd do Augustus Kerrilac; Lth do Rogino Phalez.
Apr 29 Drill as usual morning and afternoon. Took several ladies out
in two of our boats and had a race after which M'rs. McKay one of
the ladies that was in ths boat sent us two and a half gallons of wine which vas
Apr 30 Drilled and Major Thomas inspected our arms, quarters & etc.
pronounced all to be in good order.
Ysy 1 By the request of several of the company N Cruzce drew up the
following petition: Fort Brooks/ Tampa, Fla. May slt 1862/ To/
The Hon. Stephen ,. Mallory/ Director of the Navy/ Confederate States of America/
Sir/ The under3ainod Marines, Citizens of Key West Fla. would respectfully repre-
sent that they have been in the service of the State of Florida, as Coast Guards
since the month of December last, that lately they have reorganized and are now
rmaeers of Captain Robert B. Smith's Company.7th Regt. Florida Volunteers regularly
mustered into the service of the Confederate States for throe years or the war and
stationed at Tanpa, 1a. .
That they are sincerely anxious to render good and efficient service to
their Oountry and are satisfied that the Army is not the proper place for them,
______ ___ __ ___ ^-^";849~T
that they have been informed that Seamon in the Army can be transferred to tho Navy,
and thorefor make this their application, ani pray to be transforrod to a Gun Boat
or other vessel of war where they may have a chance to moot the enemy and strito for
their Country'o cause/ Very respectfully/ Your obt servts/ Namcs Professions/
(Note: Except as noted in three instances the profession given after each name was
Seaman) Robert Watson, Seaman Carpentor/ Chas. H. Berry/ Joseph E. Cole/ Jules A.
Chabot/ Samuel Morgan/ Jas. Barnett/ A B Lowe/ J. P. Williamson, Seaman Carpenter/
mn. Savyor/ Chas. H. Chaprnan/ John B, Sands/ John Duprey/ Geo. V. Rickards, Seaman
Carpenter/ M. A. Olivier/ J. A. Moss/ Ed-ard Dorey/ Joseph Fagan/ Manl. loretideoca/
Thos. Burns/ Rofino Fales/ W~. D. Curry/ Jacob Weatherford/ Francisco Decs/ W,.
Joseylin/ Jas. Leavitt,
ay 5 *This petition was sent last night and Capt. 3mith is dreadfully
put out at it, he says that we want to break up the co-.pany, but
we assumed him that such was not cur intention but that we wished to enter the rnvy
and would do so if we could got a chance.
Fay 6 Several letters came from Key West this morning but I received
none nor can I learn one word about my mother or brothers. They
must have left Key West or forgotten me, probably it is for the boat.
May 7 I am on guard today and night.
May 8 A soldier in Capt. Magoe's company died yesterday and all of the
military in this place, our company among the nuarbr, went to his
ray 9 About 11 o'clock PM we were aroused from sleep by the beating of
the drum, we all hurried up to headquarters vith our arms and
learned that tha enemy had been at Clearwater Harbor and taken several prisoznrs,
and ona man Scott hitoehurst, had gone voluntarily witththem. They said that they
would be back in a few days, consequently twenty of our company went there to meet
_._' -36..' -. '* : .
Thoy started at 1 o'clock AM.
May 10 Sunday, On guard today and night. Major ?.ulren-
nan arrived this morninEg He cooes to sell all
state property and to pay off our company, he is'a wolooom visitor as
we are sadly in need of money.
May 11 I-and all of the company was paid off today, up to
the 5th of March. Prom that date we are to be paid
by the Confederate States*. ulrennan charged us all 5 per cent for pay-
ing us off which has caused a Ereat deal of hard feelings, for to make
the beat of it, it is very mean and shabby of him to exact it from us.
May 12 At 10 o'clock PM just as I was going to bed h6e drum
beat to quarters w e all haotcned with our arms & ete
and learned that twenty of us were to Eo to Clecrwater Harbor. We vol-
unteered cheerfully as there was a prospect of a fight. We started at
12 o'clook with twenty of our company and twentyfour of Gette'e company.
Wo pulled the whole way to Old Tampa, distance of forty mile so
Uay 13 We arrived at 11 o'clock AM all hands tired, sleepy
and out of humor for ow had pulled without a spell from the soldiers
who wore too green and lazy to help us. 11o cooked and ate dinner and
walked over to Clearwater. We arrived there at 3 o'tloo Pl, ate supper.
with our men that eoro stationed there and then walked six miles further
to a placo that was thought the enemy would land ato Bad to wade one
creek and sloop in an old ahanty on a dirty floor full of floas and no
blanket to cover us for we had left then at Old Tampa. Kept guard all
night but nothing happened.
May 14 After an early breakfast we started for the settle-
ment, Lowes Landing, Anona, and on the road we met
__ -*' 7-
a horseman with the intolligonoe that the Yankees were fat Archor's
place (Bill rletcher 1oareo (T.argo) talked to them) and were getting
the sloop Osooola off. We hurried up and when we got to the settle-
ment the Capt. halted us and sent ten men as a scout to see-if the
onemy was there. After waiting two or throe hours, all hands getting
impatient, the order was given by Lt. Henderson to march to the place
that the Yankees were supposed to be ate We had eot about three miles
on the road when awe were net by Capt. Smith on horseback. He informed
us that the enemy had got to Osceola off and wore on their way to Clear-
water, so we turned back in double quick and when woe ot to whore we
started from we saw them ooming, but when they were opposite us they
went about and boat it out of the paos. Wo were all greatly diappoint-
ed for I never saw men so eager for a fight in my life We kopt a
strict guard all nijht but they did not comeo
May 15 At 10 o'clock AM we left for Archerts place under
Lt. Ashby, Capt. Smith having gone to Tampa, Lt.
Henderson and his oommand staying at Cloarwator, We arrived at our
destination and stopped at Bob 'hitehurst's house, one of the Tories.
We found plenty of everything to oat such as groon corn, peas, cabbages,
honey b oto, hogs, cows & oto TWe lived high. Wept a strict guard*
May 16 Guard day and night* Archer, Lowo, Moars and
Anderson moving their things to Clearrater, from
there to be taken to Old Tampa and we are to cary them and their fani-
lies to Tampa for they are afraid to stay on their places as the Yankees
have throatenod to take them pri~onorso 'Two scouts were sent out and
they reported that the enemy had been at a place owned by one of the
Torieo and hid dug potatoes and robbed six bee guams They could not
have loft more than two hours before the scouts Cot there. They found
a letter in the house directed to t!ajor Thomaas The letter contained
two letters for Frank Phillips. Shortly aftor, a horcenan came from
Clearwater with the information that Lt. !Haloney had arrived at that
place and that Mr. Jase MoPay &'son had arrived at Tampa* They wore
sent in a smack with a flag of truce* They havo boon prisoners at
Key Woest for eome time Mrr MoPay stated that three barcs with 00 men
had left the blockade for Clearwator to take that place and our company
that they heard was there, We went up to Clearwater in the afternoon
together with the families of Archer, Lowe and others*
Uay 17 Started for Old Tampa on foot at which place we
arrived at 12 .IT cot into our boats and left for
rTampa at which placo we arrived at 8 P1 and learned that the company
belonging to the 4th rott. wore to leave for Jaokconville the next day
and that we are to move into their quarters
May 10 Tent over and had a look at the quarters and of all
the dirty houses that I ever onw they beat all, hog
pens are cleaner. Concluded to wait till next day to clean them out.
May 19 Cleaned and whitewashed the quarters today and a
nioe job we had.
May 20 *M.oved over today but ow would rather stay on the
other aide of the river
May 25 On guard today and night. All quiet.
?May 24 Peocived a letter from my brother George ctating
that all the family Tas in good health, also that
my. aunt Urs. oKoenzie died
May 26.. 'A flag of truce was cont to the blockade today to
see if they would give up some nogroes that had.
._ __ ._ __, ~ ~-3 0 ** '
ran away from their owners and are on board of the barque. I wrote my
mother by this opportunity*
May 27 I am on guard today and night* gained all day and
night* About 12 o'clock at night the boat from the
blockade arrived, 'They.did not suoceod in.setting the negroea but our
letters will be sent to Key rest by*first opportunity.
.ay 30 I as on the sick list today having taken medicine
last night, in fact I havo not felt voll for soeo
time but could not make up my mind to take medicine until now.
June 10 Our ration of boof was cut down from 1l lb to 1 lb
per day and pork from S/4 Ib to ( Ib which oauced a
deal of hard feeling and dissatisfaction amonr us all, but as it is an
order from the Sooretary of 'ar we have to submit.
June 14 Received orders to eot ready to march for Tonnossee
within ten daye. All of Gette's company got fur-
loughs and left for home ianodiatoly and many of our mon did the came.
I remain in oamp.
Jun 22 The sohr Rosa Lee, formerly the Elize Fick, sailed
for Uavana-today* I and many of our company wrote
lettora and sent then by here
Jun 24 Several of us wont mmaquoruding and had quite a nice
time although it was rather warn*
-Jn 27 Left Tampr today at 9 AU7 The ladies in large num-
bore turned out and saw us off* There was quite a
waiving of'hdkfe and many tcars chod but I an satisfied that none wore
for mo for I have no fonale aoquaintances in the place '. e crossed the
river, Eavo throo cheora and proceeded on our way & stopped at the 15
milo run for the night, ate supper, had some musi .& dancing in spite
...... ".. ........ ... ...-'-,,
of our being tired for the road is soft sand and tircaoma to walk,
Jun 28 Started at 3 All and marohod 21 nilesa To then
stopped for the day, it being about 10 Ai. All
hands in good health and spirits*
Jun 29 Started at 3 AUM arrived at Brookovillo at 8 AM,
the roads were knee deep with water half the way.
pained all nIghte
Jun 0 P.ained all the morning but it held up .at 5 PH when
20 of us started for Archer in two wagons that re
hired for A80*00* The roads are in dreadful state, our wagons bogged
several times and we had to get out and pull them out. Stopped at an
old deserted house, cooked and ate supper and turned in for the night,
the fleas and bed bu~c in abundance W.e are row in Eorsnndo County*
Jul I Started at 'daylight and on the road tried to buy
some eatables but the people wero so mean that
they would not sell or give us a thing. T0 kept on until we arrived
at Hornets bridge across the Withlaoooohoo river We are now in Marion
County. Took supper with Mro Horn and camped for the night
Jul 2 Started at daylight and gone but a short distance
when one. of our wagons rwhcels broke. Cot broak-
fast during which ti=e it rained very heavy, started -again after ro-
pairing the whole Stopped at a small plantation or farm for tho rest
of the day it being about 12 AM, The lady of the place gave us as
much green corn as we wanted, could take no pay as. sho said that we
wero fighting for the country & eoto
Jul 3 Started at 4 AM~, Stopped on the road and bought
.some molonga I suffered greatly of headache and
severe cold. Stopped 20 miles from whoro we started in the morning
nn- c-Sodr for tho da,., -- '
Jul 4 Started at 4 AM and arrived at Archer at 8 AM*
Stayed here all day*
Jul 6 Started in the oars at B AMr Stopped for a few
minutes at Gainosville. The stage from Tampa ar-
rived while wo were there with the news that the Yankees had.attacked
that place and had beon shelling for two days before they left and were
still doing so. Our non were returning the fire. Stopped at taldo 10
minutes. Stopped at Baldwin at 12 1 took the cars for Jacksonville and
started immediately and arrived at 5 PM, The conductor told me that ho
would stop but thirty minutes* I went up to Vras Donaldoon's house, the
lady that I loft my tools with when I entered the servicoo I found the
house deserted and upon inquiry I learned that Mrsa Do and daughters
had Eone off with the Yankees, but that Mr. Fickioson a friend of nine
had the property in charge, it being confiscated. I found him and he
advised mo to take my tools with me for he said that should he go away
which he expected to do shortly that I would lose them as no one lseo
in the plaoe know that they were mine* I hurried and got a oart and
found that Vr, FP had taken great care of them. I took them to the
depot and found that the cars had left but in a short time another
train came in and I wont in it. While on the road I took three drinks
of whisky with the conductor and aa I had ate nothing all day it made
me very icok. I lost my hat while on the road and arrived at Lake City
at 8 PM and found our company there.
Jul'6 Sunday* Called on Capts Coate, he has been very
icok and is still weako Ho is City Marshall at
July 7 Loft my tools with Capt. Coste and took osveral
drinks of brandy cnd ,went en board of the oars just
as they wore starting* I was standing at the door and took out my
pookotbook to -et some money heon I dropped the whole contents out in
the mudo I jumped out and picked it up, $40,00 was the amount* The
oars did not stop so I was loft. I followed the train about 8 mile
In hopec that.thoy would stop, but they did not, so I went back to
Lake City and stayed there until the next day
Jul 8 when I left at 4 PE and stopped at lMadison all night.
Could get.no lodgings so I slept on the platform
of the depot,
S Jul 9 Got breakfast and started for Tallahassee at 7 U AU
and after stopping at numerous places arrivod'at
Tallahassee at 12 Me tent to our tents and found that all hands had
gone uptown to get their bounty $50O00 I hurried up and got there
just in time to receive mine* I took a couple of drinks and a good.
dinner after which I packed my knapsack, wrote a letter and filled my
canteed with brandy at t5600 per bottle. I then went up to the flash
houses and took several of our boya that were drunk and carried them
to the cars. Stopped at Vidway, pitched tents, got supper and turned
in for the night 12 miles from Tallahassee, some of the boys pretty
Jul 10. Started on foot at 5 AM for Chattahoochoe River,
distance 32 miles Stopped at the town of Quinoy,
ate dinner and 3 of us hired a buggy for 9.*00 and arrived at Chatta-
hooohee ot sunset, took board at an old lady's at $1*50 per day.
There is a fine Arsenal at this place,
Jul.11 Renainod here all day and started up the river
in the steoaer Wam Young at 8 P8 Pun all night.
Jul 12 Passed under the Euphalia bridge at 6 PU. This
.T y .
bridge runs from Georgia into Alabama. Stopped at the wood pile at
8 PI, took in wood and remained there all night.
Jul 15 Arrived at Columbuo, Ga. at 1 PH, went uptown
and got something to drink. Ve then shouldered
our knapsaoks and marched up to the railroad station, pitched tents,
stowed away our things and then vwnt up to the city, took several
drinks, ate supper and passed the evening among the "Ladios", I had
a fine tine*
Jul 16 Reomained here all day enjoying myself. To leave
in the morning. Columbus is the finest city that
I have seen for many a days
Jul 15 Started *in the oars for Chattano6ga at 10 AU
several of tho'boys gloriously drunk. Stopped
at Opelika in time for dinner after which wo proceeded for Vest Point,
Alea* ot an old friend Lewis bright. He is sergeant in a company
on sick furlough having been wounded in one of the late battles, but
is vell now* We drank several bottles of poach brandy together,
Started again and travelled all night* In the morning stopped at
Atlanta, Gao ot breakcfast and started at 10 A!8 passed through
Marriotta and several other small tone and arrived at Chattanooga
Jul 16 at 1 AM, remained in the cars until morning*
Remained hero until 9AMI and then started for our
Regt. at Camp Grayhan at which place we stopped at 4 PM, pitched tents
and cooked and ate for the first time for 20 hours, turned in early
and were all soon in a sound sleep, for we have had but a little
sloop for ..cveral days and nights.
Jul 17 Drew our uniforms which is as coarse as corn
sacks and nearly the same color* Reovd orders
to pack up and be ready to start in one hour* TWe did so, it raining
all the time I got drenohod and after taking our things to the
railroad we remained there until nearly night whon we were ordered to
cook supper and victuals enough for next day# To did so and started
for Chattanooga at.8 P? and arrived there at 2 Alt*
Jul 18 Left this place at 3 PM and arrived at village of
London at 12* This is rather a strong Tory place
having furnished 800 soldiers for the Yankee army from this county and
bhoro are many more in the place yet.
Jul 19 At 9 AM we crossed the bridge and camped.
Jul 20 Nothing worthy of remark today*
Jul 21 I am on picket guard today and night, the Yankees
are all around use
Jul 22 Came off.guard at 9 Al and drilled in the afternoon
for the firot time since vo left Tamp.*
Jul 2S Vont out into.tho country and bought a sheep and
drove it in to camp, a distance four miles* It
was as wild as the d---l.
Jul 24 Visitod my friend Uarous who is in the hospital
-at London* He is very .ll with fever and an
Aug 1 Nothing Itorthy of rom.rk since last date exoept
that I have been and am still sick WFe left for
Knoxville at 4, P! arrived at 7 PM. slept in a oar being to unwell
to march up to our camping grounds
A1. 2 Pool muoh better today but very weakL having ate
nothing yesterday. Walked out to our camping
ground and there passed the remainder of the day, pitching tents & eoto
SAug 5 A naval officer came here today and had the following persons
transferred from our company to the navy; Chas. H. Berry, Jule
Chabot, Joseph Cole, Sml Mor an, John B. Sands, John Duke, Chas. Collins, Thos Burns,
Chas. Miller and John Allison. They got their discharge and are to leave tomorrow
for the Chattahoochee river to join a gun boat at that place.
SAug 6 The men left here today in good spirits, our PRegt. is to leave
shortly for Cumberland Gap and I expect we will have a fight
there. I an now orderly Sergt. of our company, a thankless office, but I will try
and do my duty.
Aug 12 Nothing worthy of remarks took place until this afternoon when
we received orders to cook throo.days rations which was done
before going to bed.
Aug 13 Struck tents and turned them over to the Quartermaster this morn-
ing, a busy day with all, especially with myself, for I have to
look after nearly everything. We took up our lines of march at 5 PM for Kentucky via
Big Creek Gap. We have no tents in future and have to carry our knapsacks, rifle,
forty rounds of ammunition, haversacks and thrce days provisions and canteens. We
marched until midnight when we halted and turned in, every man in the ~ogt. completely
used up. I was never so tired in my life.
Aug lh All hands turned out at 4 AM feeling very tired and sore, every
bone in my body felt as if broken. Took up our line of march
at 5 AM and halted at 11 AM 1S miles from Clinton and as there was a Regt. of in-
fantry, soeo artillery and cavalry to cross ahead of us Col. Perry told us that we
would remain whore we were until next morning. We remained here until just as.vo
were turning in for the night we were ordered to fall in which was done. We went
dovn to the river and halted. The Col. then gavo orders to draw three days rations
and cook them but Capt. Smith and several other officers refused to do, so as the
men were too tired and could not stand it to march all day and cook all night. We
turned in and before I fell asleep the order was given to cross the river ve did so
and our company just had tisa to get into a large stable when it began to rain very
hard We turned in for the night and the fleas nearly ate us up but it was better
than getting wet.
Aug 2I Turned out at 4 AM and reached until 11 AM when we halted and
ate dinner. Started again at 4 PN and stopped at 7 PM, cooked
and ate some fresh boof and corn coffee and turned in for the night.
Aug 16 Started at $ AM and passed through Jacksborough at 11 AL and
halted at the foot of Big Croek Gap in an apple orchard, drew
three days rations and were ordered to cook them but before one half vas cocked vm
were ordered to start but after putting our cooking utensils in the wagons we Mwre
told that we would not start until 10 PM, but we remained hare all night.
Aug 17 Started at daylight through the gap and of all the rough and
steep roads for wagons and nen to pass through it beat all. To-
wards night I was taken sick vith fevor and a dreadful pain in my breast and sidoo.
I kept on until night when I could go no farther, so X rolled myself up in my
blarno-t and laid dofn by the side of the road all night and in the morning I crawl-
ed along until I reached a house. I-stopped there for two days dTring which time
I. put nothing in my moouth but cold water. I was then put into a wagon loaded with
pots and kettles and -as in it for two days when I came up with the Regt. I was so
weak and sick having eaten. nothing for four days and nights and having a sovere
fever and pain in breast and sides all the tim that I had to be led up to vhbro
my ca.p was. The most of them were asleep, it being about 10 o'clock Pl. Remained
with them n.xt day and night, the Regt. then started for Barborsville, Ky. and I,
- ". rood and Gus Archor and bcLaughlinere .eft together with many more sick men from
the different companies. This place is called Boston, Ky, every person in it are
Lincolnites. We stopped in houses vith only one well man to take care of us.
!icLaughlin died the day we loft and everyone thought I would go next but oweing to
the kindness of Wood and Archer I am yet alif for we loft vith but four days ra-
tions for flour, mBal and beef. No doctor and not a drop of medicine. When ve
got well enough to bogin to eat we had nothing to eat but green corn and green pump-
kins and that we had to steal from the citizens. Wo stopped here for 12 days living
on the food I have montioned and I only wonder that it did not kill all of us. On
the 2nd of September a party of 25 or 30 Yankee soldiers came and took us prisoners
and paroled us on the sama day for we were too weak to go with them. On the next day
Wqod, Archor and I together with several of Gett' s company started for Knoxville and
for two days could not got a thing to cat except green apples. On the evening of the
2nd day we care to a house whore our Regt. had loft some flour and we got cano and
baked it. It was the swmtest bread that I ever ate although it was made of but flour
and water, for we wore nearly starved to death.
Sep Wood carried my knapsack all the way for Z vas so weak that I
could hardly walk. When ve arrived at Jacksborough we went to
the Provost Marshall and drew three days rations of flour and bacon, cooked it and
slept there that night and in the morning we started for Clinton and arrived there
two days after. Got a pass from the P.M. and started for Knoxville and arrived
there on the 2nd day.
Sop 8 We vent to the P. Marshall, showed him our paroles and he told
us that we would have to remain here until we wore exchanged
and sent us to the fair ground or the convalescent camp which I think is the most
unjust thing that was evor heard of, for we vero loft like does to die among the
Lincolnites, eery prison in the place being of that sta'p and the Regiimnntal
Officers must have calculated that we should either die or be made prisoners for they
took our arms from us before the Rfgt. left. The least that the P. Marshall could
have done for us after all our troubles would have boon to have sent us to Florida
and allc~wd us to remain there until we were exchanged.
Sop 9 Thi is my birthday and I passed it by going up to the city of
Knoxville and draw-irn s-oe cooking utensils from the Quarter-
master for we can got none at the camps, We carried thrc out to camp and
had to rest every q.uarLor of a mile for.wo vi:re very wouk. nndod
the day by cooking our rationz which concioted of one pint of flour
or meal, ono( tea spoonful of salt anld onu pound of beef which ne
have o boil for 'wo are not allowed any bacon. Our campuo re out
are out two miles from the city which is very billy.
Sap 14 Iroto to th Hion. S.R. .;nllory ronuesting him
to iriform us if it was just for the authoritile
to keep us hpro.. Thoro is over 100 parolod ..on hare.
S.ep 20 'e noro ordTr+,, to fall in which we did, and
an officer took our namss '.nd the Co. nnd o\ogt.
thit we belongZo1 to when wve Poro mustered into sorvoice o nd whoro.
Sep 23 Sitnod the pay roll and expected to be paid
off but after ;aitling for some time ere in-
form d that .-o could not be paid. '7e were alco re.upstod to .ake
out a list of clothing that we 'ntLd to draw, w~ did so but received
none, uo I cannot make out what they Moan by humbugging us in this
manner 1ni I will .here say that Conf.doerato soldiers are trosted like
does ovcrywhere thnt I ha.ve be'n sinco I loft TaZpa. They arnt. not
allowed on half the rations th'it the army regulations call for for
the qu.rtorma-i:tors and othar officers give those just Vhat they like
and pocket the balance and yet tho soldiers Knorwing all this nro
foolish enough to put up with it. Thoy grumrble and growl arton he;m-
oolvs but noevr try to got redrons for thoir wronrns. .a:n are kept
in tho hospitals when the doctors know that they rill novor recover
while in the hospital, yet they will not give them furloughs Lo go
home but koop tho:: here to di,. 7 n:d 8 is the averago of deaths
pU.r day horo'.
Slp Z0 Noved our tents to a hill about 4 m:.ile from
where we havo boon cnampod. -any of the Fpr-
oled mon hnvo Cone momo lzthout pormniscon and I don't bla.eo tho, for
we dent got enough to eat and no prospect of getting any r;onoy or
clothing or of being exch~ngoid.,
oct 4 pecd an answer from the I!on. S.R. '.allory. He
infortm us that the authorities havo a right
to keep us hare until exchangod, that the exchange of prisoners v'as
thon toln:. on and ended by Baying th!t he hoped we would be exchanged
in a few days and go to our eagt. 'omre of the paroled men have rej-
ceived furloughi but others cannot Eot thom. A Floridian neod not
ask for he will receive none hiblch shows partiality.
Oct 16 Tant to Iajor Gen. Jones, Com.nnder of Knox-
Ville a.i.i presented hiu wih-i tho following pe-
tition: To .-ajor Gse. Saml Jones Co.dr. of I'. Tor sso/lir, tho
undorsl;-ned privates in Co. K, 7th Fla. ioEgt. havin;lr paroled by toh
.. S. forces and have been at cr.;p Diroctlon since tho 3th, of Sept.
exporting to be exchanged, but as such has not taeon plraco and may
not for a few dtys we roospctfully ask for love of abscncer for
four day to visit Atlanta, Ga. to attend to business of importance/
Respoetfully your abdt servts/ P.obert 'Tatonr/ Jas 7ood. Heo .rantoe
the roquest. "o then wnnt to the 7:rovo.t Iarshall ann, got n pass and
wont' back to coamp.to prepare for a start. I put two suits of
clothes on, took my blanket and started for tho depot at 8 I~P as we
oxeoctod the c-arse would leave at 9 P' but when we got there ae
found that they would not leavo bofor 9 AH next day.. So we went
r'i~i-_ -`~C~ -;; -~ -*--uil--:: --~rl:~ i'
back to camp and turnedi.n.
Oct 17 Started at daylight on foot for Columbus, Ga. a
distance of over 100 miles. ;e fared first rate on
the road, overy'house that we stopped at and asked for food or lodG-
ings we got treated very kind and they would take no pay. .o sold
our blankets on the road for so wore tired of carrying them. Arrived
at the. soldiers home Columbus.
Oct.22 On fndiing .evoral old acquaintances there we got
supper and a good bed. About one hour after we
arrived a firo broke out closo to the soldiers homo. e wont to it
and found it to be a machine shop.' Afttr come delay it,was extinuishod.
I took a drink, wnet back to the home and turned in.
Oct 24 Want to the transportation office and got transpor-
tation to Chattahoocheo on a steamboat. Stopped at
the gun boat and saw several old acquaintances. We loft Colurubus on
the 25th and arrived at Chattahoochoe on the night of tho 26th.
Suffered very much cold for I was a dock passenger and had no bed. I
8leptbn a hen coop. On our arrival we started for a boarding house
that we know of and took the wrong road'and walked about three miles
bfforo we found our mistake, thon walked back to whore we started
from and found the right road. '.hon we got to the houses it was past
twelve o'clock and everybody asleep. e knocked andcalled for some
tli- before we could awake anyone, but after a while we got a good
warm bed which was very accota.ble for we wore nearly froze.
Oct Z7 Hired a hack and wont to Quincy at .3.00 each,
got dinner at the hotel and hired another hack at
02.00 each and rode to Midway. Got thoro at dark, got supper and
turned in. The weather still very cold.
Oct 20 Started for Tallahassee after broakfoat on foot,
distance teilvo mAilos, and arrived thore about
3 o'clock, fnindlin, Tr.uYulrennan at the City Hotol. He was gled to
8oe us, took us up to his room and we drank two bottles of whisky
togothor. lH gave me a pair of shoes, socks, drawers and white
shirt, loaned my -140.00 and paid our expenses at the hotel.
Oct 29 Started for Lake City aftor breakfast and arrived
there at throo ?P, called on Capt. Coste, finding him well. ye stayed
until next morning and took the cars for Baldwin.
Oct 30 Got there in timo for dinnor. Saw Hatch at the
toloGraph office, ho has charde of it. ,'o drank
two bottles of whiohy tof;ethor a;nd after dinner started for Gaines-
ville and arrived at dark. Hurried up to whore the Tampa stage was
and tried to got passage in it but it was full so we went to tho hotel
and got supper. Saw doctor Ashford ait table, he looked nice and
appeared to be glad to see us. Ho told us that a wagon was to start
for 3rooksville in the morning so wo went and saw the driver, a noero,
and he agreed to tako us, Wood a.n I for !4.00. -o went back and turned
Oct. 31 Started this morning before breakfast in the wagon
and wont twenty five miles. Stopped at a mill and
put up with the gontleman that owned the mill. I felt very unwell, I
could eat no supper.
Nov 1 Started after breakfast on foot for the wagon had
to taka in a load of corn so we could not wait.
"T walked until about 4 TP and foolinZ very tired stopped at a house
and were invited to stop toll next day, Sunday. We stopped and were
treated first rate.-- ....
Nov 2 Started after breakfast for Norn's bridge, distance
twolvo miles, and arrived there in timo for dinner.
Stopped there waiting for the ragon to come up, slept there.
14ov 3 The wagon came up. at 10 AA arn we started for
.Brooksville, we aslpt in an old dosert.od house on
account of the rain for it stormed all night.
Nov 4 Arrived at Brooksville at 5 P. and learnt that the
staSe would start for Tampa next day so we waited
Nov 5 After dinner the Gainsville stage arrived, in wihb
it Edward Curry and Joseph Toodruff, both discharged
from our company. To started in the stage together for Tampa.and after
riding all night over a rough road and in a bad stage we arrived at
Tampa in the morning at 9 A., got breakfast at Col garanda and then
took up my quarters with my friend !.r. Crusoo.
Nov 6 lie has boon very ill and is yet very weak. I forgot
to mention that at the gun boat the boss wanted me
to work in the Navy Yard until I am oxchanogd. I told him that I
would think of it and that my tools were at Lake City, but I am afraid
that it !ill be too cold for om in the winter and in the summer evory-
body thoro has the chills and over.
Nov.24 Gus Archer arrived today having walked all the wey
from Knoxville.- I wont down homo with him, ho loves
six miles front Clearwater Harbor. I stopped with him threo days then
went in a boat to Clearwater nnd stopped throo days with "r. 7m. Komp.
I bought 1000 oranges from him for 515.00 and went down-to Gus Archer
place on Sunday the 30th.
; ~ :
Dec 1 !tarted this morninh for Tampa in the sloop boat
Votoe having on board 1000 oranges for sale and a
lot of potatoes, salt, soap, syrup .an sugar canos for '-r. Crusoo.
D)ec. At daylight this morning we found that we had
drifted out clean to the blockade. Two boats ware
soon in pursuit of us. Wo polled the boat as fast as we could but the
boats gained on us very fast, we got ashore on the banks several times
and had to jump overboard and shove her over, at length we stopped on
the bank at point t Pinellas. I jumped overboard and waded ashore, but
Gus stopped in the boat thinking that his parole would save him and
the boat but they took him and carried him on board the blockade. I
then walked over to :r. Coons, had to wade several bayous and in
crossing one I got bogged and fell down in the rud which was very
black. '.hon I got out I was an object to look at. ,However I pushed
on and got to 2:r. Coons in timn for tinnor and tried to hire his horse
to taka me to Tampa, but he told me that the horse wms too slow, but
that if I sould stop with him until next day he rould take me over to
'rs. Arnolds, on of traitors wivos and she boing present promised to
take me to Old Tampa in hor cart, so I stopped.
Dec 3 At breakfast table I was takon with chills and
fever. Mrs. Coons gave me soc.e hot pepper toa
,but it did no good and as I was sick all day I had to stay where I
was until noxt day.
Dec 4 Startod in a cart about 10 A, and arrived at Mrs.
Arnolds at 4 2'. Stopped there all night and started in the morning
for Old Tampa. On the road I was attacked with chills and fever and
it being a very.rough road I suffered very much, we stopped at about
4 i'P at an old man's house n.%ned Jonsie C'-rlisle. I -,as T:i hopes of
getting him to take mo to T:ampa in his cart but he was not at home,
an old negro wormon vwas there however and she n ide min a comfort-ible
but very dirty bed and as the faver was still on me I:. turned. in
after having paid the woman for bribing me in her cart.
Doc 5 Got up this morning feeling much better but very
weak having eaten nothing yesterday. The old
woman soon had nome port and potatoes ready for me. I ato a little
and wAlked over to Ur. Komps at Clearwator, a distance 5 or 6 miles.
I found him very busy making sugar. I. folt very well all day.
Dec 6 Had the chills and fever very bad all day. Mrs.
Kemp gave me coffee and lim.o juico to break the chill. It
was a horrible dose and maide me very sick.
;ec 7 T am wall today but very ve.k.
Dec 8 .3ick anain today. Took more cof'fe' and lime juice
which broke the chills but fovor hung on all day.
Dec 9 meant over to Old Tampa in a cart as thoro is a boat
to go to Tampa tomorrow. I stopjed at Uncle Joasio
Carlisle until 12 o'clock at night when ir. LDominick called no arnd
had to tade out to the boat gotting wot up to my ;aist.
Doo 11 Arrived at Tampa bout 3 Pi and was so weak and
sick that I could hardly walk up to 0r. Crusoo.
Dec 12 "The military doctor visited me this morning and
gave me medicine. I am very weak for I have not
e-tern anythingg for a week for I have no appetite.
Bec 14 Feel much better now and have a very good appetle
and will ooon be strong again. Rocd several letters
from our company, they suffer very much from the cold weather.
Dec 25 Christmas day nnd I was in bed all day with
chills and fever. I ate nothing and as there is
no liquor in the place of course I drank nothing, I have boon sick
ever since last date and I see no prospect of getting any better for
I am in worse health than nhon I arrived here.
63. Jn 1 Tampa Jnnuary lot 1863.
New Years day and how different from the last.
I was then in excellent health and fine spirits, but now I am in
rrotchod health having been in bad with chills and fever all day. I
am absent from my company a paroled prisoner and sick tcaong strangers
except '.r. Crusoe and family who aro very kind to mo, so of course
my spirits cannot be very choorful.
Jan 16 RPecd a lottor. from Lt. baloney. -H informed me
that I arm exchanged so I went to Dr. Lively the
military surgeon of this post, he oxaminad me and gave me a certif-
Icato for 60 days leave of absence which I sent on to Capt. ?mith.
Times are very hard in this placo now. Corn moal is selling for
"5.00 per bushel, sweet potatoes 1.50 per bushol and seldom to be
bhd nt that price. aot a pound of boof in the market for the cattle
owners will not -sell their cattle to the butcher for any price for
Confe.ierate miony and there is no gold or silver to be had in tho
country. Fresh pork, henn to be had, which is soldos, oslls raadily
for 20 conts a pound head, Hoofs and all, Once in a while a little
rice is brought in from the country .nd sells for 15 conts a pound,
alt $10.00 per bushol, sugar cents per Lb., molasses *1,50 per
IU1. and ovorything else in proportion.
Teb 2 A perfect Godsend. Mr. Crusoe went out husanti
and shot a fine deer today. I havo rncvd ;Kany
letters fror tho officers and oembors of our company since I've
been hero, thoy wore all weoll. vith few~ exceptions whon last herd
from. n-. lawyerr died on the 28th. of t-c. 1062 at iKoxville, renn.
lie vas a omembr of the Buzzard Club and is the first member that has
died since the club was organized which was in 1857. 'ulroaiinn,
Cost ancd '!rcus havo run tho blockad- to Havana in two smack~3. They
left here on the 5th of Jany nad I have hoard that they arrived afee
oeb 15 tafrtod oa a cruise in a boat for :'olnt :inellas.
It bcing a ca l;.. nd a head tide we pulled s' fcr
as Gadson --oint where a hoavy s.uall c.l o up blowing aind ralninn vary
hard atnd i;i a few mlnutss were all wvt and as It blow too hard for
the boat to carry sail we vent on shore .below Uadsons Point and
strotchod our tent, killed a coon and roasted .him before the fire
but it vrTa so loan anid trong that we could not eat it, spread our
blankets on thse sand and turned in wot and cold.
Feb 16 Turned out this morning and killed a pig but it
was so loan and tanteless that we could not oat
it. All of our cuns being wot re fired them off and cleaned them,
then put ovrrything in the boat and pulled across the bay to Coffoe
?ot Bayou. 'itched our tent just in time for it coc;;rencoe rainiag
and continued to do so allnight, but we slept very well.
Feb 17 o'nt hunting and got one smnll door. Joe Fagan
shot it juot as hq Was cooing into camp. po
caught plenty of fish for thore are millions of'all kinds in the
bayou and they bite well.
Fob 18 After breakfast "'oods and Joe Pagan started onn
foot, it being so rough that they could not pole
or pull the boat they got over board and waded her the whola way,
about 2 miles. '-o shot a fine coon :And filled a :keg of water on the
way. \;hen -we got to our stopping plaoo we pitched our tent just In
tls:e to save ourselves from a ducking and it rained off and on all
day and night and the sand fleas were dreadful.
Fob 19 All hands started out hunting except mydelf for
it looked too rainy for me to venture out so I
stayed at camp and cooked dinner which consisted of stowed coon and
rice. It rained nearly all day and niht and the oand floas and
mosquitos nearly ato us up.
Feb 20 After breakfast wo all went over to the Goon's
distance four miles. Te took dinner with him:
after which woe vnt back to camp and started for Tampa. Tho wind
and tide being against us we had to pull until we got to Gadson's
r-olnt at czhich place we stopped for the night.
'eb 21 Startod early this morning and pulled all the
way up to town Thus ends this cruise and I am
glad it is over for it rained all the time we weor gone, thnrofor
wo had no chAnce to hunt and got nothing but one small deer, a coon
and some fish all of which had to be boiled as we had no grease to
lzar 16 I alavo for tho !.ogt. at 1o C,'clock tod'vy in com-
pany with 12 or 14 men that belorjg to tha 7th
ecgt. Wo go in a Ragon and we will havo to walk ~neriy all the way.
I kno.A that I will not bo abal to walk much for I an very woek and,
I hnve hcd a violent headncho and fever yesterday and lst nght.
Watson 40th Caroline Elizabeth Kemp and Robert Watson
HIS CONFEDERATE SSSM WAR DIARY
Tampa, Fla. March 14 1863: Started at 1 PM for Tennessee,
stopped at the 15 mile run at sunset, ate supper and turned in
feeling very tired.
17th: Started early this morning and travelled about 25 miles,
just at sunset we met an old acquaintenance in an ox cart who had
a lot of Spanish rum. He treated us to as much as we could
drink. I drank nearly a pint for I was tired and exhausted
having been sick for the last 7 months. Camped for the night,
very little to eat.
19th: Arrived at Brooksville at 12 M and finding that I couldn't
get a seat in the stage I went on in company with the wagon that
carried our baggage. Stopped at Lake Lindsay all night, got
supper at a house near by.
19th: Stopped at Horns Bridge at 8 PM, got a.good supper and
stopped all night. Slept sound for I was very tired.
20th: After breakfast I started again and arrived at Ocalla at 8
PM raining very hard. I had a chill before I got to the hotel
but after changing my clothes and sitting by the fire a little
while felt better and got supper. I stopped here 4 days trying
to get a passage in the stage but could not, so 4 of us hired a
back for $21.00 and went to Sanderson and got transportation,
remained in Lake City one day and then went to Madisonville and
there took stage for Quitman, Ga. There was 9 inside passengers
and 4 outside. It rained all the way and the stage leaked very
badly so that we on the inside were nearly as bad off as those
outside. Arrived at Quitman at 8 PM got supper at the hotel and
turned in. It rained all night and quite cold.
29th: Remained in Quitman all day and night, raining all the
time, had no chance to see anything of the place.
30th: Started in the cars at 7 AM for Savannah and arrived at
sunset. A soldier met us at the depot and invited us to the Way
Side Home. This is an institution for the benefit of soldiers
travelling on furlough. We accepted the invitation and went with
him. They gave us pretty good fare and it cost us nothing. I
went to the theater after supper, a poor affair but good enough
for the times.
31st: Remained here all day taking a look at the city which is
well fortified. Everything at high prices.
FLORIDA STATE ARCHIVES
DEPARTMENT OF STATE
R. A. GRAY BUILDING
Tallahassec. FL 32399.0250
April 1st: Started in the cars for Macon, passed through and
arrived in Atlanta in time to get transportation to Knoxville and
started again but the cars were so crowded that we got off at the
first watering place and remained there all night. Could not get
into a hotel as they were all full so we went into a old log
cabin, built a good fire and turned in.
2nd: At 9 AM we got on the train and arrived at Daulton, changed
cars and started in a freight train for Knoxville, travelled all
night and arrived in Knoxville at daylight.
3rd: Stopped in Knoxville all day with some of our Comp. Who
are on police guard. Capt. S and Lieut. Maloney are here also.
4th: Started for Wataugh Bridge at 11 AM and arrived at 9 PM.
Our company are stationed here guarding the bridge. We remained
here a few days when we were ordered to Strawberry Plains.
Stopped there three or 4 days. Here I was taken very sick.
Went to Loudon, stopped there about 3 weeks when we went to
Knoxville. The surgeon of our regiment examined me and I could
have got a discharge but Capt. Smith was not willing. He says
that I will get better this summer. I fear not for I have
disease of the lungs, so says the doctor. Old Capt. John
Morrison died on the 16th of May 1865 of Pneumonia. We buried
him with military honors. I have attended the funeral although
sick and weak.
June 3rd: My health has improved so much lately that I resumed
my duties today. Williamson who has been acting Orderly Sergt.
during my sickness got very indignant and requested to be put in
ranks. He is 2nd Sergt. and says that if he cant have the office
he has been filling he wants none. Capt S. granted his request
and he is now in ranks. He can scarcely write his own name and
of course is not fit for the office and while he was acting Lt.
Maloney did all the writing, for there is a great deal to do.
18th: We were ordered to pack up and cook 4 days rations which
was done and got all ready for a marsh to Island Ford.
19th: Turned in our tents and sent off all of our bedding and
clothing except one suit and one blanket per man. At 4 PM we
were ordered to march to the city, the enemy being near at hand.
We marched through the city up to Summit Hill opposite the
General Hospital and halted. Two companies were then set to work
digging rifle pits and building breast works of cotton bales for
a battery on the hill. Our company and Co. H were ordered to the
river under Lieut. Maloney to guard the two ferries. Capt. Smith
is on duty in the city. Guards were posted and etc. on the river
bank. At 12 Midnight heavy firing was heard close to the city
and we were ordered to double quick to the battery on Summit
Hill. The firing appeared very close at hand and I was afraid
that we would not get there in time to support the battery. The
night was very dark and the roads very rough and steep. When we
arrived at the Battery we were ordered to the brow of the hill
that commanded the road that led to the railroad and forming the
right wing of the battery. No person was allowed to pass either
way. Our pickets were skirmishing all night but the enemy did
not attack the city during the night.
20th: at 8 1/2 AM the enemy made their appearance on horseback.
They placed their sharpshooters behind a ridge about 800 yards
distant and they threw their bullets around our heads in fine
style but did us no harm. Our battery on Summit Hill opened on
them at 8 1/4 AM and shortly after one of our right opened and
then one on Temperance Hill opened also. Each battery had two
smooth bored 6 pound guns. The Yankees had 2 6 pound rifles guns
and were not slow in returning the fire. Their cavalry advanced
in fine style and were manuevering to take possession of
Temperance Hill but we threw several shells among them, killing
and wounding many of their men and horses. They then retreated
behind the hill and kept up the fight with their artillery and
sharpshooters but our shell fell among them so fast that they
were compelled to retreat, carrying off their dead and wounded.
They did us but little injury, we had only 9 killed and wounded.
Our force consisted of our regiment and the 6th Fla. and a few
citizens and straggling soldiers.
25th: Our company and company H have been on Summit Hill since
the fight, the rest of the Regt. have gone back to camps. It
began to rain yesterday and rained all night and today and as we
have no tents we retired to an old blacksmith shop close by and
remained there until 2 PM today when we were ordered to the Regt.
We marched there through the rain and mud ankle deep.
26th At 3 AM were aroused by the roll of the drum and were
ordered to draw and cook 4 days rations, to clean our guns, and
hold ourselves in readiness to march at a moments warning. At 7
PM we were ordered to fall in and march to the railroad leaving
everything but our blankets. We marched to the depot through mud
ankle deep and very slippery many of the boys slipping down in
the mud. We waited at the depot until 11 PM and saw the 6th Fla.
and 54th Virginia Regts. and 2 companies of our'Regt. off but
as there was not cars enough to take us all we were ordered to
find shelter for our selves for the night and be on hand to start
at 9 AM next morning. Our company went to the old Blacksmith
shop that we had occupied before, a filthy place without a floor,
but better than to sleep out doors in the mud.
27th: Got up this morning fresh and hearty. I went to a hotel
and got breakfast and started in the cars at 10 AM for Tullahoma.
Arrived at London at 12M, stopped a few minutes and started
again. Passed through Athens, Riceville, Charleston, Cleveland
and several more small settlements in Tennessee. Arrived at
Chattanooga at 12 Midnight, and just as we got asleep it began to
rain in torrents, and as the roof of the building was not tinned
we were all wet before we could get shelter. I got in a box car
and remained in it until morning but got no sleep. Some of the
boys lost their bayonets etc.
28th: Left Chattanooga at 7 1/2 AM with one engine in front and
one behind. Some of the boys pretty merry owing to the strength
of whiskey and all in good spirits expecting to have a fight on
our arrival at Tullahoma at which place we arrived at 5 PM and
camped for the night on the bare wet ground, but I slept sound
29th: At 8 AM our brigade was ordered to fall in and load our
guns We then marched off at double quick for about 4 miles,
halted in a corn field and formed line of battle. Our company
was ordered out of skirmishers. We marched out about 1/2 mile
into the the woods in front of our regiment and deployed as
skirmishers. Just as were posted the rain began to fall in
torrents and continued all day. About 4 PM we were ordered in
and marched in about one mile. Our company and 2 more were
posted as a reserve for the skirmishers, at 9 PM we set a guard
and turned in on the wet ground, our clothes and blankets all wet
and we have had nothing to eat all day.
30th: Turned out this morning feeling quite refreshed having
slept well all night. Sent 6 men to the Regt. to draw rations.
Our troops were at work all night felling trees, digging rifle
pits, and building breastworks etc. Our company were lucky
enough to be clear of it. We got our rations of flour and bacon
for one day and cooked out bread on boards, at 2 1/2 PM we
advanced through the woods. There was about 2,000 of us. After
advancing 2 miles we drew up in line of battle behind a corn
field and after remaining there a short in the rain our company
and company C and 2 Comps of the 54th Va. were behind and we
went back to our Regts. and drew 3 days rations of corn meal and
bacon with orders to cook them by next morning. We had no
cooking utensils and had to bake our bread on a barrel heads and
fence rails. Detailed the whole company to cook as follows, non
com. Officer and 2 privates to cook for one hour and then call
the next 3 and so on till morning. My turn was from 9 to 10 PM.
I turned in and just as I got asleep the sergeant major called me
and told me that one days more rations would soon come and that I
must draw and cook them as soon as possible. I went to sleep
again after telling the boys that were cooking to call me when
the rations came, but none came.
July Ist: At 1 AM all hands were called and ordered to fall in
for a march. Not one quarter of our rations cooked. We fell in
and started at 2 AM and marched all day through mud ankle deep
and the hottest sun that I every saw in my life. Man of the men
fainted and some were sun struck, several of them died. I was
very much fatigued and exhausted and thought that I should faint
several times but we were on a retreat and must get out of the
way of the Yankees or be taken prisoners. At sunset we halted in
an open field. The ground wet and humpy. I was wringing wet
with perspiration and my feet were very sore but I slept all
2nd: Turned out at sunrise feeling very much refreshed but very
sore. Some of the boys that had corn meal in their haversacks
cooked mush in their tincups but as I had no cup I went without.
at 8 1/2 AM we fell in and marched all day. The roads are much
better than yesterday, not so much mud, but very warm. At 7 PM
we halted in an open field, stacked arms and drew 1 days rations
of flour and cooked on our ranrods for we have no cooking
utensils. At 10 PM just as we got through cooking we were
ordered to fall in and march off. We were on the move all night
and only got 2 miles ahead. We would march about 50 yards and
then halt for 5 or 10 minutes then fall in again and march 40 or
50 yards further then halt again and so on all night. We did not
get a wink of sleep. It was on account of the wagons and
artillery that we were guarding over the mountain which was very
3rd: Marched all day and at sunset we got to the foot of the
mountain and camped for the night, the ground very wet. Drew 2
canteens full of whiskey, gave the boys a drink all around and
kept 1 canteen full for the morning.
4th: Got up early this morning and started after taking a drink.
I felt very sick and at 10 AM I was so sick that I could go no
further and the ambulances were all full so I could not get into
one so I got under a shady tree and lay down and every rear
guard that came along would order me to get up and go on. I told
them that I was too sick to march and they would pass on but when
the last rear guard came up and I told them my case they told me
that I could get in a wagon if I liked I thanked them and got
into the wagon which was very dirty having been loaded with bacon
which made it very greasy. I rode for 3 or 4 hours when the
wagon turned off into another road and I had to get out and march
the rest of the way. The sun was dreadful hot and I was so sick
and faint that I would have to stop and vomit every once in a
while and my head ached dreadful. I had ate nothing all day and
drank a great deal of water. I vomited 8 or 10 times during the
day, the last time I threw up blood. After leaving the wagon I
marched about one mile and halted under a shady tree pulled off
my things and laid down for about one hour then feeling refreshed
I marched on to Bridge Port and found our Regt. there. We camped
for the night, drew some whiskey and all hands took a drink,
drew 3 days rations of meal and bacon. Capt Smith bought some
flour and peas and divided it among the company. We cooked some
peas and bacon and as I had eat nothing all day I eat very
hearty. I think I must have eat a quart. After cooking our
bread on ranrods I turned in.
5th: Turned out early this morning and got in the cars and
started at 7 AM and arrived at Chattanooga at 11 AM, remained
there until' 2 PM and started for Knoxville. We rode on a
platform car very much crowded and the sun was dreadful hot and
we were all as black as niggers with the coal dust that blew over
us from the engine. I would run down through our shirt collars
to our stockings and we were so much crowded that we barely had
room to sit with our feet drawn up under us ala tailer. We rode
all night and I did not get a wink of sleep.
6th: Arrived in Knoxville at 4 AM and marched to camps, got a
cup of coffee and went to a large pond and had a good wash and
swim, went back to camp and got breakfast, turned in and slept
till dinner time, ate a hearty dinner of peas and bacon, had a
smoke and knocked about camp the balance of the day.
7th: Moved to our old camping ground and was busy all day
putting up tents etc. Jack Mason, Alfred Lowe, and I have been
messing with the officers ever since I came back to the Regt. but
we left the mess today and formed a mess of our own, for we are
tired of messing with them. We have no cooking utensils except
an old tin coffee pot and what we can borrow, but we are
8th: I went to town today and bought some provisions for my mess
consisting of peas, rice, onions. I also had a tooth extracted
and came back to camp at 12 M. Our rations now consist of 3/4
lbs corn meal and 1/3 lb bacon and a little salt so that we have
to spend all of our wages for food or starve.
9th: Rained all day. At dark we recvd. orders to pack up and be
ready to start for Zollicoffer in half hours time. We got ready
as well as we could. I left everything I had except a blanket
and suit of under clothes. I had just washed my jacket so I had
to leave it and go in my shirt sleeves. I rode on the top of a
car as there was no room inside and in fact the tops of the cars
were crowded. We went as far as Strawberry Plains where the
bridge is burt. It was very cold riding on the top of the cars
and the cinders from the locomotive nearly blinded us. I turned
on the ground and slept till morning.
10th: I turned out early and cooked breakfast consisting of mush
and meat from a cow's Head that we broughtwith us. Our company
was detailed to put the regiment acrost the river in a flat boat,
it being the only chance to get across and our company are the
only men that know anything about a boat in the Regt. The river
is very high and very strong current running. After considerable
delay we all got across and started in the train at 2 PM.
Stopped at Greenville 2 hours for the mail train to pass. At the
end of that time as the train did not come we started and went to
Limestone Depot and laid over all night waiting for the train to
pass for the conductor was afraid to go any further fearing that
it would run into us. During the night a man passed a bucket
full of whiskey to us on top of the the cars and some of the boys
got pretty merry on it. I took a couple of good horns myself.
llth: The mail train passed us thismorning at 8 1/2 oclock and
we started immediately and arrived at Zollicoffer at 9 1/2 AM,
got out of the cars and camped acrost the river. Drew 5 days
rations and after dinner I took a nap for I have had no sleep for
12th: Moved to the left about 400 yards and built sheds of bark
to protect us from rain and sun.
13th: I went into the country today to buy provisions and after
walking about 6 miles and inquiring at every house that I passed
I finally bout 16 onions for $2.00 and this is the average of
prices for everything that we get.
16th: I received a letter from my mother today, all well at
19th: At 11 1/2 PM we were aroused and ordered to pack up and
cook 2 days rations and be ready to march in 2 hours. We cooked
part of our rations and turned in again.
20th: Started at 7 AM marched 3 miles on the R.R. Tracks halted
and rested 15 minutes. Started again and marched 2 miles when we
passed the road that was broken, took the cars and stopped at
Bristol Tenn for a few minutes. Started again and stopped for a
few minutes at Abington, Va. Started again and arrived at Glade
Springs, Va. I was on the top of a car and the sun very warm.
We waited there in suspense for 3 hours expecting to start every
moment. At the end of that time I cooked and ate supper and went
to sleep on the wet ground, but slept well all night, very heavy
21st: Turned out this morning well and hearty, our blankets wet
through. At dark it began to rain and continued all night. I
remained in the rain with my blanket over me till midnight and
then went to an old shed where I remained till morning but got no
sleep for the shed was crowded.
22nd: Continued to rain all day. In the afternoon drew one days
ration of flour, no meat. We baked and eat the bread very quick
for we were all very hungry, having had nothing to eat all day.
I slept in a box car at night.
23rd: Took our things out of the car this morning as it was
going off. Drew 3 days rations, only 1/3 lb bacon per day to a
man. In the afternoon we had batallion drill and dress parade,
over 50 men were absent without leave in the country foraging.
None absent from our company, and the consequences is there is a
strong guard put around camps every night.
24th: Company drill for one hour in the forenoon and batallion
drill and dress parade in the afternoon. Rained in the night and
the most of us got a good wetting as we had no shelter. We threw
our blankets over our heads and sat up until the rain was over
and then rolled up in our wet blankets and turned in on the wet
25th: I went to the country foraging this morning, bought some
potatoes and a few peas. I could get nothing else. In the
afternoon drew rations and for the first time since I've been in
service we got 1 3/4 lb of flour per rations. It rained all
afternoon and nearly all night.
26th: Rained nearly all day, in the afternoon had general
inspection and dress parade. Just as we got through the rain
began to fall in torrents and continued all night, but we have
to stand and take it as we have no shelter.
August 7th: We have been living like fighting cocks since last
date for we get 1 1/2 lb. flour, 1 lb good fat beef, a little
rice, sugar and salt per day and we conscript as many potatoes as
we want and buy onions, cheese, butter etc. whenever we want it.
Milk we get for nothing, so we are getting on finely. The people
here are all good southerners and very kind to soldiers. Our
regiment moved to a new camping ground yesterday. It is a nice
cool shady hill near the hill that we are fortifying. We moved
in the morning and I was hard at work all day carrying boards and
bark from on the old camping ground and building me a shelter and
platform to sleep on. My 2 messmates at work on the
fortifications so I have to do it all myself. In the afternoon I
drew and issued rations. At night "Jack the Rat" my messmate
went in the country and conscripted a bag of fine potatoes. I
slept in my new shanty on the soft side of an oak plank with one
blanket over it but slept sound.
8th: There is a revival going on in the Regt. and half of them
are being converted which makes better for us as they will not
gout so often after potatoes etc. and our boys will stand a
better chance to get more for the Psalm singing hypocrites will
be afraid of being found out and being expelled from church. The
preacher is a regular "shorter" and can be heard for miles off
yelling out Hell fire and Brimstone which just suits the
"Crackers".' A good sensible preacher could not get along with
them. Our company have always been looked upon as hard cases,
but I suppose we will be called the ungodly company now. But we
don't care a fig for any of them, for we beat them in everything
that we undertake and they all know it, yet we are all on
20th: Nothing worthy of note since last date. All hands well
and good living. Had dress parade this afternoon and Colonel
Bullock had the following order read: Any commissioned officer,
non com. Officer, or private found drinking, gambling, or
swearing, should be court martialed and punished severely, also
that tomorrow was fast day and that there would be preaching in
21st: Drew 1 1/4 days rations of beef this morning which I
thought strange as we are to fast today but'just as we got the
beef to camp we were ordered to pack up and march to the depot
We hurried up but had to wait at the depot for some time. While
waiting there I saw Capt. Smith, Lt. Maloney and the doctors, and
many more of the officers of our Regt. all pretty tight. Capt.
S. Called me aside and gave me a drink of peach brandy and $10.00
to buy him a quart more of brandy. I got it and had another
drink out of it. I then brought some for myself. Many of the
boys in our company were gloriously tight which shows but little
respect for Colonel Bullock's order of yesterday. We finally
started and arrived at Bristol Tenn. where we took our things out
of the cars and waited for some time for another train for we go
no further in the train we came in. While waiting several of us
got most gloriously tight At 9 PM we started for Knoxville. I
slept on the top of the car as there was no room inside. I
spread my blanket and Alfred Lowe and I lay on it and covered
with his. I put my cartridge box under my had for a pillow.
During the night I awoke and found that my blanket and cartridge
box was gone and Alfred's hat also. The car shook so much that I
could not get to sleep any more for I was afraid of being shook
22nd: Arrived at Knoxville at 1 PM and marched to camp. On our
arrival at Camps we were ordered to draw and cook 4 days rations
and be ready to start in the morning at daylight on a march. My
mess having quite a lot of provisions that we have been saving
while at Glade Springs left it with an old woman in Shields Town
to take care of for us. I left all of my clothes with here also
for I am not able to carry a knapsack. After cooking my rations
I went to a stream and had a good wash and put on clean clothes,
then turned in and slept sound all night.
23rd: At sunrise we started and marched all day. It was very
hot and dusty. I could not see a man 30 yards ahead of me on
account of the dust, my feet were blistered and my shoulders hurt
so badly that I could hardly get along. At 8 PM we halted and
camped for the night, I drew 1 days rations of beef for tomorrow.
I then went to a branch and had a good bath and then turned in
and slept sound all night.
24th: Turned out early expecting to start again but remained
here until dusk when the order was given to pack up and start for
Loudon. The place we stopped at last night and today is called
Turkey Creek. We started and marched all night. It was as hard
a march as we ever had for the night was very dark and warm and
the road very rough and in some places it was so dark that we
could not see two feet ahead of us and to make matters worse we
were not allowed to rest during the night.
25th: Arrived in Loudon at Daybreak, crossed the bridge and
halted I laid down on the ground and slept about one hour, when
we were ordered to fall in and crossed the river again and camped
in a thick wood. We were ordered to draw and cook 3 days rations
which was done. After I got through issuing rations I lay down
and slept about 2 hours and then went to the river and had a
swim, came back to camp, turned in and slept sound all night.
30th: Our Regt. Had been busy building batteries ever since we
have been here and this morning we all went out on picket. Our
company was on the outpost. We conscripted as many green
watermelons and peas as we wanted. At dark we were ordered in
and when we arrived at camps we found that the Regt. had left for
Charleston, Tenn. We started immediately and overtook them
before they had crossed the river. We crossed and marched about
2 miles and camped for the night, very cold.
31st: Started early this morning and marched all day. Passed
through Philadelphia, Tenn. Sweet Water, Tenn. and camped one
mile from Sweet Water. Drew 1 days rations of Corn Meal.and
tainted beef. Cooked it and turned in.
September 1st: Started early and marched until 4 PM. Passed
through Athens and a small town called Mouse Creek. Camped at
Riceville, drew and cooked one days rations of flour and bacon,
turned in and slept all night.
2nd: Started at daylight and arrived at Charleston, Tenn. at 12
M marched through and camped 6 miles beyond, drew 3 days rations
of Corn meal and beef with orders to cook them up and put the
cooking utensils in the wagons before morning, which was done.
It was midnight before I got to bed, but was soon asleep for I
was very tired.
3rd: Turned out early this morning feeling very stiff and sore
and remained here until 3 PM when our company was ordered to
march to the Hiwassee river, distance 6 miles, to guard some
steamboats. Arrived at the boats at 7 1/2 PM and posted pickets
acrost the river.
4th: After breakfast I went in swimming and washed my under
clothes and kept my pants and short on until they were dry, then
put the under clothes on and washed the others for I have but one
suit. Some of the boys killed a fine hog and brought a bushel of
potatoes and we had a glorious dinner, the first good meal we
have had for a long time.
5th: Some of the boys went foraging and wounded a hog but did
not get it, so we will have to go without today and in fact our
rations are entirely out, and we don't know where to get any more
for there is no commissary within 6 miles of us. We bought a
bushel of potatoes for $6.00 which will make just two meals.
6th: Sunday: I have soled my shoes today, a case of necessity.
The boys killed two hogs which was quite a godsend. I went into
the woods in the afternoon and got a fine lot of poppaus
(Pawpaws), a very fine fruit about the size and shape of a mango.
Heard Cannonading in the direction of Chattanooga during the day.
7th: At 4 PM some cavalrymen came on board with orders to burn
the boats. We turned out and Capt. Smith ordered us to cook all
the food we had and objected to burn the boats unless he had
positive orders in writing, for he had orders to hold the boats
at all hazards, so the men went away. We got everything ready
to burn them however and at 11 PM positive orders came for us to
burn them and leave them as soon as possible for we were nearly
surrounded by the Yankees. At 12 midnight we set fire to them
and started for Cleveland.
8th: Arrived in Cleveland at 10 1/2 AM. We were all very tired
for we had marched 20 miles without resting for we were closely
pursued by the Yankees and it was so dark in some places that we
could not see each other. On our arrival we jumped into the
chars without permission from anyone for everything was in
confusion as they were evacuating the place as the enemy were
expected every moment and none of our troops are here. The train
started at 11 1/2 AM and arrived at Daulton at 4 PM. We camped
close to the R. Road. While at Cleveland we conscripted a bag of
flour and some bacon. It belonged to government and we have
drawn no rations since we left the Regt.
9th: My birthday and very dull one for we have nothing to eat
but bread. We drew 2 days rations of flour and salt but could
get no meat. at 3 PM 20 men and 1 officer were detailed to load
cars. When they came back they brought a side of bacon weighing
60 lbs. and a box of tobacco which was divided among us. Col.
Bullock's wife being in the cars near us we went and serenaded
her. Real music, we sang Fairey Bell, Let me kiss him for his
mother, and the Homespun Dress. At.the end of each song there
was quite a clapping of hands in the cars. We went back to
camps, took a smoke and turned in.
10th: All our company busy today loading cars, moved camps in
the afternoon. One soldier shot another through the head killing
him instantly. Everything in confusion loading cars with all
kinds of government stores. Some of the boys conscripted a ham,
a lot of sugar and other thing that we needed.
llth: All hands at work loading cars, trains leaving all night
and morning. Yankees reported close at hand at 10 AM. We were
ordered to draw and cook 2 days rations and march to Lafayette,
Ga, our brigade reported to be there. Started at 3 PM and
marched until dark, halted by an old church and turned in. My
clothes wet with perspiration and covered with dust but I slept
12th: At 3 AM we turned out and marched until 10 1/2 AM, halted
and rested for 4 hours. All of us very tired for we had to climb
some very steep hill, it was very warm and dusty. Soon after we
stopped it rained which spoilt our rest. At 3 PM started and
marched 4 miles when we met our Regt. who thought that the
Yankees had taken us prisoners. They welcomed us back very
warmly and were very glad to see us safely back. Drew 2 days
rations and cooked them. This place is Lafayette, Ga., remained
here all night.
13th: Our brigade started early this morning to meet the enemy,
marched about 4 miles and halted for 1 hour, cannonading in
front. Started again and marched back to the place we left in
the morning and camped for the night.
14th: Started at daylight and marched about 1/2 mile and halted
in an open field for about 1 hour, then marched about 3 miles to
the top of a hill, halted and remained all night.
15th: Drew 1 days rations of corn and flour bread which was not
half cooked having cooked during the night by the wagoners of the
Regt. The corn bread musty and the flour bread burnt outside and
raw inside and very heavy. No meat.
15th: My breakfast consisted of musty corn bread and water.
During the day drew 1 days rations of boiled beef, less than half
pound to a man, miserable stuff. I must here state that nearly
every man in the Regt. officers and all are blessed with some of
Job's comforters, the itch, head and body lice and bed bugs. I
am one of the number and although I hunt for them every day I
cant get clear of them. I got stocked on board of the steamboats
and we will not get clear of them until this affair is over and
we get into quarters again and boil our clothes and blankets,
which is the only way to get clear of them. It is a common thing
to see officers and men almost in a nude state hunting for the
infernal devils. At 9 PM just as we were all turned in we were
ordered to pack up and march and had it not been for the fires
along the road we never could have got down the mountain. We had
to go in single file, the fires looked grand. Took the wrong
road and had to counter march for some distance. Arrived at our
old camping ground and camped for the night.
17th: Turned out at 4 AM and drew 2 days rations half of which
was cooked. At 10 AM we were ordered to pack up and march off.
Marched all day and camped at night. It was a dreadful hot and
18th: Marched this morning towards the enemy. Cannonading began
at 12 M. Halted and rested 1 hour and again advanced. Double
quicked 1 1/2 miles. Dust so thick that we could not see the
ground. Halted at 6 PM stacked arms and broke ranks to the rear,
gathered wood and just as we were lighting our fires we were
ordered to fall in. Marched by divisions through a thick wood
and halted 'in line of battle among the woods, stacked arms and
sent a detail after water. Heavy skirmishing in front. Turned
in and at 10 PM just as we were sound asleep we were ordered to
fall in without notice and marched about 300 yards and camped in
line of battle. Slept with our accoutrements on and our guns in
our arms. So cold that I could not sleep.
19th: Fell in and marched off at 5 AM, very cold. Formed line
of battle in a large corn field, built fires to warm ourselves,
ate my breakfast of sour corn bread and water. Heavy cannonading
and musketry on our right and left, we are in the center. Moved
at double quick and changed positions several times, pieces of
shell falling among us several times. At 4 PM we engaged the
enemy and charged them through an open field. When within about
400 yards of their battery we were ordered to right flank and
marched at double quick to the right. The enemy threw a complete
shower of grape, cannister, shell, and musketry among us but
although we were exposed to their fire for some time our company
did not have a man hurt but the Regt. was not so lucky for it
lost a good many. The battle lasted until 9 PM and ceased but
there was heavy skirmishing all night. At 4 PM we drew some
bread and bacon which was greatly needed for I have had nothing
to eat all day except a little sour corn bread. Very cold all
night and no fires were allowed. I scarcely slept a wink all
night but lay shivering with cold all night. The groans and
shrieks of the wounded and volleys of musketry and falling of
trees made it impossible to sleep.
20th: But little sleep all night. Built some small fires in the
morning to warm ourselves. "Iron-clad" and bacon for breakfast.
Proceeded to a point 1/2 mile distant where we planted a battery
and opened fire accorst a large field but received no reply. At
2 PM changed position and planted some 24 pieces of artillery.
Some slow firing from our side but received no reply. We then
proceeded to the rear where it was expected that the enemy would
try to outflank us. We lay there in ambush 1/2 hour, our company
was thrown out as skirmishers. At 4 PM we were ordered to the
front at double quick, distance 3 miles. We arrived there in 1/2
hour, In going there we had to pass through an open place on the
brow of a hill and the enemy opened a heavy cross fire of grape,
cannister, shell and shot but did not hurt any in our regiment.
We rested a few minutes and then we.were ordered to charge a hill
1/2 mile distant. We went at double quick and got to the foot of
the hill at dark. The enemy seeing us sent a man towards us to
see whether we were their own men or not with directions to fire
if we were enemies but we took him before he could fire his gun,
therefore the Yankees took it for granted that we were their own
men. We then proceed to the top of the hill within about 50
yards of them and halted and took 30 prisoners when the Yankees
opened a fierce fire upon us. We soon silenced them. They tried
to escape by running but they ran into the 6th Florida and were
all captured. Our company captured a colonel and several
officers and horses belonging to the general's staff. All the
prisoners except the officers were armed with Colt's 5 shooting
rifle. Our brigade took 470 prisoners including those we took.
We then marched nearly all dead for want of water and were very
tired and sleepy. I and 2 more of our company took all the
canteens and went after water 3 miles distant. We came very near
loosing our way and did not get back to the Regt. until 2 AM. I
then eat a little supper and slept about 1/2 hour, for it was so
cold that I could not sleep.
21st: At 4 AM, we turned out and at daylight marched off about 1
1/2 miles and halted, formed line of battle, stacked arms and
remained there all day, the enemy being completely routed. The
ground was completely covered with dead and wounded. Drew 2 days
rations of corn bread and boiled beef. Our troops carrying off
the wounded and burying the dead all day. It was a terrible
sight, friend and foe lying side by side.
22nd: At 10 1/2 AM started on a march at quick time, halted at
12 1/2 PM, rested 1 hour, started again and marched till 5 PM,
stacked arms and drew 2 days rations of flour and 1 of meal, no
meat. It took us unil daylight to bake it, for we are short of
23rd: Started for Chattanooga at 8 AM and halted 2 miles from
the city, formed line of battle and lay down on our arms. The
enemy shelled us for some time and had we been standing up many
of us would have been killed for the pieces of shells flew around
our heads very close and plentiful. We did not reply to them but
remained here all night, no fires allowed.
24th: At daylight the enemy began to shell us but did not hurt
any of us. At 9 1/2 AM marched off a short distance and halted
in line of battle. Remained there about 1/2 hour and marched a
short distance, halted, stacked arms and sat down. Drew 1 days
ration of boiled beef, remained here all day, the enemy shelling
us occasionally but without effect. We made no reply. At 11 PM
we were aroused by heavy picket firing and soon after the enemy
opened their batteries on us. Our battery opened in reply and
soon silenced them. We then lay down and slept till morning,
very cold and no fires allowed.
25th: All quiet in front. Drew 2 days rations of boiled beef.
At 9 AM we moved about 1/2 mile and stacked arms under the lee of
a high hill and remained there all day. At 5 PM we commenced
building breastworks of fence rails and worked till dark when we
ordered to fall in, but did not move away. At 10 PM just as I
was asleep the sergeant major called on me for 3 men to picket
guard and a few minutes after the adjutant gave me orders to have
one third of the company up at a time all night so that in case
of an attack we could all be aroused quick. All quiet through
the night except an occasional volley of musketry fired by our
26th: Could hear the Yankee bands playing this morning quite
plain. At sunrise our pickets and the Yankee pickets had a hot
engagement and we fell in and marched to their support, halted in
sight of them for we were not needed. The enemy opened a battery
on our pickets and one of our batteries returned the compliment
and kept it up for some time. We remained there about a half
hour then marched back to the place we came from and stacked
arms. Remained there until 2 PM when we were relieved by the
63rd Va. Regiment. We marched about 3/4 mile to the rear,
stacked arms and drew 2 days rations of corn bread and boiled
beef and prepared to stay here all night. Built fires, spread
our blankets and some of us had just turned in when we were
ordered to fall in an march a short distance and halted behind
some breastworks where we had 2 batteries and remained there all
27th: Just 2 years today since I left home. We are behind the
breastworks this morning, all quiet through the night. Some of
the boys that were lucky enough to steal some ears of corn from
the horses last night are busy grating it and making mush of it
for we are almost starved to death, we draw enough in 2 days to
make one good meal. Firing through the night. Our men at work
all night throwing up earthworks for our artillery.
28th: Everything quiet this morning. Some of the boys busy
grating corn and making mush. I have been very unwell for
several days. I have witnessed the shooting of a man for
desertion and joining the Yankees. He belonged to a Tennessee
regiment and was taken prisoner yesterday. He deserted on our
retreat from Tallahoma. It was a very solemn affair. Drew 1
days ration of corn bread and beef for tomorrow but as everyone
is very hungry they eat it all for supper, so we will have to
fast tomorrow. Quiet all night.
29th: Drew 1 days rations of corn bread and bacon, just enough
for one meal and we eat it up immediately although it is for
tomorrow. There is some rasonlity about it for our full rations
are drawn from thebrigade commissary and then cooked at the
wagons. We think that our commissary sergeant sells it.
30th: All quiet through the night. Our men at work all night
building breastworks. Nothing to eat but we are all well
supplied with lice. Many of the Regt. sick from drinking bad
water and poorly cooked food. I think we will all be sick soon
if they don't give us more food.
October 1st: Began to rain at 5 PM yesterday and rained all
night, no tents, so we have to stand and take it all night. Mud
ankle deep and not a wink of sleep. Stopped raining at midnight
when we stripped off and dried our clothes by the fire. All
hands as hungry as wolves and nothing to eat.
2nd: One third of the Regt. digging ditches and building
breastworks. Drew 1 days ration of beef and cornbread and one
drink of whiskey. All hands busy cleaning guns and drying
clothes. At 8 PM just as I was sound asleep I was called to draw
rations for tomorrow, drew bread and bacon and issued it. A
guard was then called for from every company to give the alarm in
case our pickets should be drove in. All quiet through the
3rd: All quiet today. I am very unwell. Our troops busy
throwing up breastworks all night.
4th: Sunday, expected to open the "ball" this morning but
everything quiet along the line. Our Regt. on picket. I am very
unwell having been up half the night with diarrhoea which I have
been troubled with for some time. All quiet through the night.
5th: I feel much better today. Slept but little during the
night it being so cold that I had to sit by the fire half the
night. At 11 AM the first gun was fired by one of our batteries
and a slow firing was kept up until 3 PM when it became more
general. All became silent and dark when we were relieved and
marched back to the breastworks every man carrying a fence rail
on his shoulder to build fires with. It was an odd sight, being
at dusk. I was sick all night. Heavy frost during the night.
Toward morning 6 cannon shots were fired at the enemy.
6th: I am very unwell today. At 10 AM our brigade was relieved
and we marched to the rear and camped in the woods. Our wagons
came up and we drew 1 days ration of corn bread and raw beef and
our cooking utensils for which we are thankful as we can now cook
our own rations. Rained all night and very cold. We had to
stand and take it for we have no shelter and no axes to out wood
7th: Very cold all day. In the afternoon drew 3 days rations of
meal and flour and 2 of beef. All quiet through the night.
8th: Drew some clothing today. I am quite sick and in fact all
of the company are in the same fix from eating bad beef and
drinking bad water. A little cannonading through the day, all
9th: Inspection of arms in the morning, drew 1 days ration of
blue beef, all quiet.
10th: At 1 PM our brigade fell in and marched about 1 mile and
halted in line of battle in an open field to be reviewed by
President Davis. At 3 PM he came up escorted by all the generals
and their aids in the army. As he stopped opposite each Regt. he
received 3 cheers and on returning received a regular "Rebel"
yell. I saw Genl. Bragg for the first time. We then marched
back to camp and drew 2 days rations of flour, 1 of beef and 1 of
bacon. While drawing rations the Regt. was ordered on picket. I
and the sick remained in camps. I baked bread for my chum and
myself before I went to bed. Quiet all night.
11th: After taking the sick to the doctor I went out to the
Regt. and remained there all day and night.
12th: Rained a little at 4 AM. We were relieved at 8 AM by the
63rd Tennessee Regt. and marched to camps having been on quard 38
hours. Quiet all day. Began to rain at 11 PM and'continued to
fall in torrents all night and as I had no shelter I got drenched
but had to stand and take it.
13th: Rained all day and oh what a fix we are all in, wet to the
skin and everything we have are soaking wet, rations, blankets,
guns and everything else. Mud ankle deep. Rained all night and
of course I got no sleep. Some of the boys have made tents of
their blankets but mine is so small and thin that it is of no use
but to throw over my shoulders.
14th: It still continues to rain and I feel none the better for
it, have had no sleep for 2 nights and my clothes have been wet
for 2 days and nights. Drew 1 days ration of very poor beef,
rained all day and night.
15th: Still raining. Drew 1 days ration of flour and bacon,
hardly a chance to cook as it rains incessantly.and the mud ankle
deep. At 8 PM the rain ceased and we were up nearly all night
drying our blankets and clothes by the fire. Turned in on the
wet ground and slept sound until morning.
16th: I feel greatly refreshed this morning having had a little
sleep for the first time in four nights but I have a violent cold
and pain in the breast. Nothing to eat for the roads are so bad
that the wagons can't get along. All hands as hungry as wolves.
I went to bed but was so hungry that I could not sleep for when I
would dose off I would dream that I was at my mother's table
eating all sorts of nice things, then wake up and find it all a
dream. Very cold and a heavy frost. Suffered very much with
rheumatism in my hip and pain in my breast.
17th: Got up this morning as hungry as a wolf and nothing to
eat. Drew 2 days rations after dark and it was not long before
we had some mush cooked and eat. After satisfying our hunger we
baked bread for tomorrow as the regiment goes on picket in the
morning. Cold all night.
18th: Turned out early and took the sick to the doctor. The
Regt. went on picket, I remained in camp to draw rations if they
come and I have to take medicine. Rained all day.
19th: Drew 2 days rations of meal and beef which was as lean as
carrion. At 1 PM the Regt. came back as hungry as sharks. I had
dinner ready for my messmates which they eat with a keen relish.
I have been suffering all day with a violent headache and had a
hot fever all night.
20th: I reported sick this morning and the doctor gave me 2
powders and rubbed my breast with croton oil. In the afternoon
drew 2 days rations of flour. Cold all night.
21st: Sick this morning. Took a blue pill about half the size
of a pigeon's egg and rubbed my breast with croton oil. Began to
rain at 9 AM and continued all day very heavy. Most of our camp
ground overflowed. Sick all night, violent pains in my breast,
head and bowels and severe cough.
22nd: I feel some better today. My breast is one mass of
blisters caused by the croton oil. Took 2 more pills. One of my
messmates went foraging and got a beef neck and some tails which
was very acceptable as we were out of meat. Rained all night and
23rd: Rained all day. Got breakfast at 12M and dinner at 5 PM.
Mud ankle deep, almost impossible to keep a fire burning,
everything wet and unpleasant, rained all night.
24th: Our regiment went on picket at 6 1/2 AM. Very cold. I
remained in camp. Nearly all sick men were ordered to pack up
and march to a new camping ground. We did so and marched 3 miles
to the right and camped at the breastworks on a cold blank place.
We built fires and turned in but it was so cold that I slept
little. Gathered a lot of poles to build a hut with before I
went to bed.
25th: I got up at 4 AM it being so cold I could not sleep. At
10 AM the regiment arrived and I and my messmates went to work
building a hut to protect ourselves from the wind and rain. In
the afternoon just as we had it nearly completed we were ordered
to fall in and give room for the Ist Fla. Regt. We moved just
far enough to throw my hut into their lines so I pulled it down
and carried it to where we are to stop. Cooked and eat dinner
and supper together and turned it. Felt very unwell all night.
I sat by the fire half the night. Very cold all night.
26th: Busy all day building a hut. Drew 1/2 gill molasses per
man. It was sent to the Fla. troops by the people of Florida.
27th: Busy all day on our hut which is built of poles, corn
stalks, straw and dirt. It makes a warm and comfortable hut but
I don't think it is healthy. General inspection in the
28th: At 3 AM we were ordered to fall in and march to the left
which we did very reluctantly for we have all been hard at work
since we've been here building huts and just as we get tolerable
comfortable we have to leave it. But this is the way a soldier
is treated. After marching and countermarching and humbugging
half the fornoon we camped on a hill between the first and second
row of breastworks. Shelling from both sides all day. Drew 3
days rations of bread stuff and 1 of beef. Shelling all night.
29th: Several of us were drilled today for swearing. I was one
of the number. Our captain has got very pious and particular
lately. I told him that when I joined the Confederate Army that
I did not intend to become a Methodist preacher and if he thought
he could make a preacher or hypocrite of me by punishment that he
was mistaken for the more he punished the worse I would be for I
was neither a slave or a school boy. He thought it strange that
nobody else said anything about it but me. I told him that I was
talking for my rights.
30th: Rained all day and night. At 10 AM our Regt. went on
picket. I remained in camps as I had a lot of company writing to
31st: Rain ceased at 4 AM but it was bitter cold all day and
night. Mustered for pay in the afternoon the Regt. having come
off picket. Drew 4 days rations but no salt.
November 1st, 1863: Cold but pleasant all day. Capt. Smith went
to Atlanta this morning on business. The boys all glad that he
is gone for he has become quite a tyrant lately and we all
dislike him. Lieut. Bethell went to hospital today and Lieut. W.
C. Maloney is sick in camp which leaves me in command.
2nd: Company drill in the forenoon, 3 of our Co. absent without
leave gone to the butcher pen to get meat for our rations are not
sufficient for us. They were reported to the Col. and I suppose
will be punished. Shelling from both sides all day.
3rd: Nothing unusual today. Shelling of course but we have
become so used to it that we hardly notice it.
5th: Our Regt. on picket today and there is no Comd. Officer I
had to go with the Co. Rained all day and night. I lay down and
slept a little but the water was about 2 inches deep under me so
after a short nap I turned out and say by the fire. Rain held up
at 4 AM cleared off, very cold.
6th: Clear and pleasant but cold, everything wet. Everything
quiet through the night except that one of our officers got on
the outside of our picket line it being so-dark that he could not
see. One o'f our pickets fired at him but did not hit him. We
were relieved at 10 AM. On our arrival at camps we drew some
clothing and rations. Dress parade in the afternoon. We are now
in Buckner's Division, Hardee's Corps. Quiet through the night
7th: Cold and foggy this morning. Received a letter from S. R.
Mallory in answer to the one we wrote him from Glade Springs, Va.
requesting a transfer to the Navy. He said that whenever there
was a call for seamen that we would be transferred.
8th: Very cold. Capt. Smith returned today. Brigade inspection
in the afternoon. Capt. Smith offered us some brandy but we
declined drinking any. He seemed very anxious to get into our
good graces again but he can't wait until he does better.
9th: Our Regt. on picket today and it is bitter cold. I
remained in camps, my messmate A. B. Lowe went to the butcher pen
and got 7 cows hoofs which we cleaned and cooked all night.
10th: Very cold today. Made a fine cheese of the cows hoofs
which is made as follows: the hoofs are build to a jelly and a
little corn meal, pepper and salt added to it and then poured
into pans to cool. Drew 3 days rations of bread stuff but no
meat and none to be had for the present. Regt. retd. at 10 AM.
llth: Company drill in the morning and battalion drill in the
14th: Our Regt. moved today. We are now in a brigade composed
of all Floridians. Our new camping ground is low, wet nasty,
muddy place. Drew 4 days rations in the afternoon.
18th: We have been hard at work for the last four days building
a log chimney and additions to our hut. Have to carry the wood
3/4 mile on our shoulders. Heavy firing on the right yesterday.
I went to A. F. Lift yesterday to try to get detailed to work in
the Navy Yard. I am our of rations, nothing to eat all day.
19th: All quiet today except an occasional shot from Lookout
Mountain which was returned by the Yankees.
20th: Drew 4 days rations. Rain all day. Detail of nearly
every man in our Co. to work on roads 6 miles distance.
21st: Still raining, ceased at 12M. Scarcely any cannonading
22nd: Fine clear day, very cold. Heavy cannonading on the
right. Inspection at 9 AM At sunset ordered to fall in and
move to the; right 1 mile, found fine quarters that had been built
by some of our troops that had just moved.
23rd: Slight rain in the forenoon. The enemy advanced at 2 PM
and drove our pickets in and just as I was about to eat my dinner
we were ordered to fall in and march to the breastworks at double
quick so I had to go without any dinner. At 3 PM our Regt. was
detached from the brigade and sent to the right 4 miles. We went
up on Missionary Ridge at 5 PM and remained there in line of
battle until 8 PM when we were relieved and marched back to the
breastworks, distance 1 mile. Remained there until 12 midnight.
During the time I went back to camps and got my blanket and
knapsack and started back to the Regt. and when I got within half
mile of it I met them going back to camps. We arrived at camps
at 2 AM. I then cooked my rations for the next day before going
24th: At daylight we were ordered to fall in and go to the
breastworks. Very foggy, cold and misty rain. I remained there
until nearly night when I was ordered to go to the camps and draw
rations for the company and attend to cooking them. Our Regt.
went on picket at 6 PM. Fighting all day at Lookout Mountain and
continued until 2 AM when our forces evacuated the mountain. I
drew 3 days rations at 10 PM and three of us went to work cooking
them. At 11 PM just as we had got nicely started in baking bread
we were ordered to carry our cooking utensils to the top of
Missionary Ridge, it being to steep for the wagons to go up
loaded. Two of us carried them up and hard work it was for the
hill was very steep. By the time we got through it was nearly
25th: At 7 AM some of the boys came in from the company to get
the rations. The enemy were shelling our quarters at the time
and some of their shells fell among our huts but nobody hurt. We
carried the rations to theCo. who were then in the breastworks
about 3/4 mile to the right of us and issued it to them, the
enemy shelling us all the time. We moved up and down the
breastworks several times during the forenoon. At 2 PM the enemy
advanced on us in 4 columns. They played us a Yankee trick by
bringing out their artillery covered with ambulance covers and we
all took them to be ambulances until they opened fire on us.
They advanced on us in fine style. We held our fire until they
were within about 300 yards of us and then poured a deadly fire
into them and made many of them bite the dust but we were very
few in number, merely a line of skirmishers in single rank and
scattered at that. I judged from the looks of their numbers that
there must be all of 100,000 men. We mowed them down until they
were within 30 yards of us and then we retreated up the hill and
made a short stand at the second breastworks, but it was of no
use for although we mowed them down yet they advanced on us and
we were again forced to retreat and then came the worst part of
the fight for the hill was dreadful steep and the enemy kept up a
continual fire and threw a continual shower of bullets among us
and I only wonder that they did not kill all of us. Many a poor
fellow fell exhausted and was taken prisoner. I did not think
that I should be able to reach the top for I had on a heavy
knapsack and 3 days rations in my haversack and a canteen full of
water. I stopped several times and took a shot at the d--d
Yankees and at the same time it rested me. The bullets flew
around us so thick that it seemed impossible to escape unhurt. I
would have thrown away my knapsack but could not get it off and
it was lucky for me for a bullet struck my knapsack at the right
shoulder and came out at the left shoulder making 23 holes in my
blanket. When I reached the top of the ridge I was so much
exhausted that I fell down and lay there for several minutes to
recover breath. Then I got behind a log and went to work with a
will shooting Yankees. They advanced slowly keeping a continual
fire. We mowed them down by scores when unfortunately for us
our artillery got out of ammunition and retired but we held the
ridge until the enemy were on the top and had their flags on our
breastworks. We then retreated down the hill under a shower of
lead leaving many a noble son of the South dead and wounded on
the ground and many more shared the same fate on the retreat. We
retreated in great confusion, men from different companies all
mixed up together. I arrived at Chicamauga Station at 8 PM and
there the different brigades formed. After searching around for
some time I found our Regt., that is a portion of it, for many of
them were missing. We crossed the pontoon bridge and marched for
Dalton, Ga. I marched until about 10 PM when I and several more
of our Regt. fell out and built a fire and remained there all
night. My messmate A. B. Lowe stopped with me. Poor fellow he
had to throw away everything he had except his gun and
accoutrements when he was going up the ridge.
26th: Turned out early and eat breadfast of corn bread and
boiled beef that I was lucky enough to save through the battle.
My messmate had nearly all my rations in his haversack and lost
them with his other things. Started and marched all day, resting
however when we felt tired. Arrived at Ringgold at 5 PM where I
met several of our company. Our Lieut. Col. was with them and
tried to draw rations for them but there was none in the place so
we marched off and crossed the bridge and camped 1 mile from
town. I went out and tried to shoot a hog but could not find
any. Built a fire and turned in very tired and hungry.
27th: Started early in the morning and marched to Dalton by 6 PM
where I found Lieut. Maloney and some of our company. The
brigade was camped at the old hospital buildings 1 mile from
Dalton. I then found that the casualties of our company was as
follows: Capt. R. B. Smith and Privates Joseph Bartlum, John
Pont and John Jackson wounded and Pri. Joseph Fagan, Charles Comb
and Wm. Herrymand missing. Our Regt. lost a good many including
the Col. who was taken prisoner. Cold and raining all night.
28th: At 3 AM I was called to draw rations and after standing in
the rain for about 3 hours I got about enough half cooked corn
bread and boiled beef for one day but it is 3 days rations. Very
cold all day and night.
29th: Very cold all day. After breakfast my messmate and others
went into the woods and shot 2 pigs which was a great treat for
we were out of meat. In the afternoon Jack Mason, one of our Co.
who is stopping in the hospital in Dalton as nurse, came out to
see us and took 3 of our boys in with him and sent us a bag of
potatoes, 1/4 bag corn meal and some hard bread. We moved into
the woods in the afternoon it being warmer there than at the
30th: Very cold all day and night.
December 1, 1863: Brigade inspection in the forenoon. Drew 3
days rations, very scant. I was busy all day making reports and
returns. At night we were informed that General Bragg was to be
serenaded and that any of us that wished to go could do so. The
Gen'l is relieved of his command by his own request and Gen'l
Meade is now temporary command. I did not go as it was too cold.
Some of the Co. went and said it was a nice affair. Speeches
from different Gen'ls, etc.
3rd: I got a pass and went in town and brought some provisions,
returned to camp and then went in search of a butcher pen to try
and purchase a liver or any kind of meat but after walking about
8 miles and visiting four pens I returned without a thing for
livers, tripe, hoofs, and everything else were spoken for before
the beef was killed. Everybody are most hungry for we get but
3/4 lb. beef per day and miserable stuff at that. When I got
back I was tired and hungry for I had eat nothing but a little
corn bread in the morning. Rec'd 2 months pay $40.00. At night
our new Brig. Gen'l was serenaded.
7th: Battalion drill in forenoon. Our Luit. Col. undertook to
drill us but made an ass of himself for he knows no more about
tactics than my old grandmother. After humbugging us a while we
went back to camps. Dress parade in afternoon.
8th: Rained all day and night, very unpleasant. Cleared off
towards morning pleasant.
9th: Pleasant this morning. Battalion drill and inspection of
arms at 10 AM. Dress parade in the afternoon.
10th: I got a pass and went to town to purchase some provisions
for my mess but could get nothing but a little salt at $1.00 per
lb. Returned just in time to escape going on dress parade, drew
5 days rations.
llth: We were ordered to pack up in the morning and move to
another place and build winter quarters but after packing up and
falling in the order was countermanded and a detail sent to clear
the camp ground. Dress parade in afternoon.
25th: Christmas day and a very dull one but I had a tolerable
good dinner. I"' had one drink of whiskey in the morning. There
was some serenading last night but I took no part in it for I did
not feel merry as my thoughts were of home. We have been very
busy building winter quarters since last date, and they are now
finished and quite comfortable.
January 1, 1864: Bitter cold all day, nothing but corn bread to
eat and to make matters worse I am barefooted and have been for
some time. We have had no snow yet but it has been raining for
the past five days.
[(From here on the diary is written on different paper and is not
as well preserved.)]
Feb. 6th: Nothing worthy of note since last date. 3 of our
company started for home today on furlough.
Sunday 7th: Cloudy and cold. Brigade inspection in morning.
Rumors in camp that we are to go to the front or to Mobile, Ala.
At dress parade many orders were read which we were sorry for as
it was bitter cold and it took over an hour to read them. The
most of the orders were respecting the proceedings of Court
Martials in the cases of men from different commands for
desertion, stealing, etc. Some of them were to have half their
heads shaved and the letter D. pricked on their left hip, others
to wear a barrel shirt, etc.
8th: Our regiment held a meeting this afternoon for the purpose
of reenlisting for the war although our terms of enlistment will
not be out for over a year. Lieut. Col Ingraham was called to
preside and Lieut. B. F. Friest requested to act as secretary.
The object of the meeting was then explained by Lieut. Col
Ingraham in a few patriotic remarks and a committee of one man
from each company appointed to draft resolutions expressive of
the feelings of the Regt. vis:
Committee: Sergt. T. W. Bront, Co. A; Pri. Wm. N.
Campbell, Co. B; Serg. W. M. Robertson, Co. C; Sergt. J. A.
Grigsby, Co. D; Lieut. S. Turman, Co. E; Sergt. J. F. Wheeler,
Co. F; Sergt. W. M. Smith, Co. G; Sergt. J. F. Warren, Co. H;
Pri. S. A. Lane, Co. I; and Capt. R. B. Smith, Co. K.
The following preamble and resolutions having been presented by
the committee, they were adopted unanimously with great
Whereas, our once peaceful country is being overrun by
the invading minions of a despotic government actuated by the
power of usurpation and led on in the prosecution of this way by
desires more corrupt and accursed than ever actuated the minds of
the most tryannical nations making any claims to civilization and
Whereas, in many portions of our beloved Confederacy
lands are laid waste, cities, towns, and villages are destroyed,
our citizens imprisoned, their property violently wrested from
them and their wives, mothers, sisters and daughters suffering
the most shameful abuses and intolerable insults and
Whereas, the eyes of the oppressed ones are imploringly
turned to us as their natural protectors and
Whereas, even at this moment Charleston is fiercely
assailed with the avowed object of total destruction, Mobile is
threatened, and General Grant's army stands ready with fire and
sword to enter the very heart of our young republic and
Whereas, there is no avocation more honorable or
praiseworthy than that of a soldier battling for his rights
against the oppressors of his country, the enemies of
Constitutional Liberty, therefore be it
Resolved, that we do reenlist for the war
Resolved, that we despise Lincoln's amnesty proclamation
as heartily as Butler's beastly "order" and would as soon think
of giving our wives, mothers, sisters and daughters to the one as
accepting the other, both bring dishonor of the deepest dye
Resolved that the red smoke of battle shall be to us as a
pleasant summer sky and the cannon's booming chorus as sweetest
music until the last inch of territory wrested from us by the
vandal foe shall be restored and the wronged and outraged South
shall be recognized as a peer amongst the nations of the earth
Resolved, that while we have the utmost and unequivocal
confidence in the fidelity and wisdom of our legislators and
while we shall cheerfully abide every will and obey all laws made
by them, we do most respectfully ask that we, as a Regt. of
volunteers, may be permitted to hold our organization as such,
independent of any and all consolidations whatever and that we be
permitted to reelect our own regimental and company officers,
claiming it as a right belonging to all volunteers.
Resolved, that in Jefferson Davis, President of the
Confederate States, and Joseph E. Johnston, the great war chief
of the West, we recognize the greatest statesman and gallant
warrior and pledge ourselves to follow the dictates of the one
and the leadership of the other, whatever in their judgement the
best interest of our country demands
Resolved, that a copy of these resolutions be forwarded
through the proper channels to His Excellency President Davis,
Gen'l Joseph E. Johnston and His Excellency Gov. Milton of
Florida and that they also be published in the Gainesville Cotton
States, Tallahassee Floridian and Journal and Atlanta Register.
After the resolutions had been passed Capt. R. B. Smith
who has just recovered from a severe wound received at Missionary
Ridge, was called upon for a speech and he spoke at some length
with such fire and pathos that it had a telling effect upon the
command. The 7th Fla. Regt. may now be looked upon as one of the
best regiments in the army. At night our company serenaded Capt.
Smith who came out of his hut and made some very complimentary
remarks to us.
Feb. 9th: Nothing worthy of note, but a clear fine day. Cold at
Feb. 10th: Cold and windy all day. I see in the papers that 18
Yankee gun boats and transports have arrived at Jacksonville,
Fla. and have landed a large force at that place. I suppose they
intend to overrun the state.
12th: Very cold last night but warm and pleasant today. The
papers state that the Yankees have advanced as far as Baldwin,
13th: The most of our Regiment went to town and serenaded Gen'1
Brackenridge who is about to leave for Virginia to take command
of some troops in that state. He made a splendid speech in which
he said that he regretted very much that he had to part with his
old friends the Florida troops. He complimented them highly for
their bravery, etc.
Sunday 14th: Cold and a misty rain all day. Brigade inspection
15th: Rainy and warm. The Yankees appear to be advancing for we
have a strong picket guard on the Knoxville R. Road. At Dalton
they are exchanging prisoners, among them is a Yankee woman who
is wounded in the thigh. She is dressed in men's clothing and
goes by the name of "Tom". Some of our boys asked her why she
was in the army in men's clothing. She said that the "Rebels"
had killed her brother and beau and that she wanted revenge. She
was wounded at the battle of Chicamauga. The weather cleared off
in the afternoon but very cold.
16th: Wind from the north and very cold.
17th: Very cold last night and today.
18th: Cloudy and very cold.
19th: Very cold last night and today, the coldest weather we had
had this winter.
20th: Cold and unpleasant but not so cold as it has been.
Sunday 21st: Snow in morning but cleared off and we had a clear
and pleasant day. Brigade inspection in forenoon. Cloburn's
division passed here today enroute for Mobile. The papers state
that the Yankees have done a great deal of damage in Florida.
William Keane of the 3rd Fla. Regt. is to be shot for desertion
on the 26th of this month. He stayed at home 18 months and made
his brags that he could not be taken for he carried a double
barreled gun wherever he went but Gov. Brown of Georgia had him
taken and sent to his command. Keane liven in Georgia but joined
the Florida troops after deserting from a Ga. Regt. One of our
company talked with him today and he said that as soon as he was
out of the guard house he intended to run away again.
Unfortunate man he did not know at the time that he was condemned
to death. He is quite a young man, about 24 years of age, a fine
specimen of a man and looks well.
Feb. 22nd: At 9 PM just as I had turned in Capt Smith called all
hands to turn out and pack up and be ready to march or fight at a
moments warning. We got all ready and cooked 4 days rations of
corn meal. We had nothing else to cook. I got through at 12
midnight, the whole camps busy cooking and many selling out
bacon, syrup, sugar, potatoes, etc., at reduced prices. These
are things that they had got from home. I turned in a little
after midnight with a wretched headache and just as I got sound
asleep I was called for to turn in our tent flies and thus I was
humbugged until morning.
23rd: At 9 AM turned in our cooking utensils, only 3 ovens are
allowed to a company, all the rest have to be left behind. At 3
P.M. we fell in and marched to the front, formed line of battle
on a high hill near Buzzard's nest and about 3 miles from Dalton.
Our whole division is here guarding Taylor's Gap. We formed line
of battle at dark and as I felt very unwell spread my blankets
and turned in and just as I fell asleep we were ordered to fall
in and marched about 200 yards to the right and halted. I turned
in again and slept pretty well.
24th: I got up early feeling much better. At sunrise our Co.
and Co. C were ordered out as skirmishers. We marched to the
front and deployed on a ridge about 500 yds in front of our Div.
Al quiet until 1 PM when cannonading commenced in front and on
our right. At 4 PM Wheeler's cavalry about 2,000 strong and 4
pieces of artillery came in from the front and formed in 4 lines
on a hill in front of us. They had been skirmishing hard all the
forenoon but sustained no loss. Heavy firing with small arms on
our right at 5 P.M. At 5 1/2 PM the enemy advanced on us and our
cavalry fired one round at them when about 1,000 yds off and
retreated shamefully. We had to get behind trees and stumps to
keep from being run over by them. I have often heard that the
cavalry would not fight, but this is the first time that I have
seen them in battle and hope it will be the last if this is a
sample of their fighting. The enemy then directed their fire,
all small arms, at us, but did not hurt any of us. We were not
slow in returning it but with what effect I cannot say. A few
pieces of our artillery opened on them and drove them behind a
hill. about sunset their sharpshooters opened on us and are at
it now and the bullets are flying around me in fine style -
there a bullet has just grazed my head so I must stop writing
and go to shooting. Firing ceased at dark but we were on the
lookout all night and did not get a wink of sleep. It was very
cold all night and no fire allowed. All was-quiet through the
25th: Cold and foggy all morning, cold all day. At sunrise
commenced fighting and continued until 4 1/2 PM when our
ammunition gave out and as the enemy had a cross fire on us of
musketry, grape, shell, and canister we fell back in good order
amid a shower of grape and cannister to our brigade. We lost 4
men killed and 10 wounded, our company was very lucky having but
one man wounded. This was a heavy loss for the number engaged
for we had but 120 men and this a great deal more than the
average in a large battle. Our artillery then opened on the
enemy's batteries and there was continual roar for the balance of
the day. About 5 PM the Yankees charged a high hill on our right
but our boys repulsed them handsomely with great slaughter.
Tired and worn out as I was it made my heart leap for joy to see
the blue coated devils run and I felt as though I could pursue
them for miles without feeling tired, but they were not pursued.
After dark our Co. and 2 more companies that had been out
skirmishing with us went to work building breastworks in front of
us for we expected that the Yankees would attack us in the
morning. All the other troops had built breastworks while we
were out skirmishing. We turned to with a will and a hard job we
had for we had but one old dull axe to work with but we got
through about midnight and are quite satisfied with our work for
we have the best breastworks on the line. I turned in between
two of my companions and slept well although it was bitter cold.
26th: At 4 AM we were ordered to fall in. Very cold and blowing
very hard. The woods on our left, right, and front were on fire
and burned furiously all night. Some of our wounded men that we
could not get in on account of the Yankee sharpshooters were
burned up. At sunrise we moved a little to the right where there
was no breastworks which we thought very hard as we had been out
skirmishing for 36 hours and no sleep but we went to work with a
will and soon had a good breastwork although the Yankee
sharpshooters were firing at us all the time. Skirmishing all
day. Very cold through the night.
27th: Cold and windy all day, no Yankee in sight. At 12 1/2 PM
our cavalry went to the front. All quiet through the day.
Feb. 28th: A fine clear day. At 9 AM we were ordered to fall in
and we marched back to our old camps with light hearts and
hooting at every cavalryman that we met calling them cowards,
etc. Our battle ground was at Taylor's Ridge, Comdg. Taylor's
Gap, a splendid position, very strong. Everything we left at
camps were stolen.
29th: Raining and unpleasant all day. Got a few of our cooking
utensils, only 3 Dutch ovens and 3 water buckets. We had at
least 12 ovens and several pots and camp kettles but they have
all disappeared. Mustered for pay in the afternoon.
march 1st: Raining all day. Drew a little whiskey in the
afternoon, one drink per man. Stopped raining at dark and turned
out very cold.
2nd: Cold and clear. Skirmish drill in forenoon and afternoon.
3rd: Skirmish drill in forenoon and inspection in afternoon. In
the afternoon a transfer for 17 of us came to go to the Navy and
there never was such a joyful lot of fellows as we were since the
war began. I sent a petition to the Secretary of Navy about a
month ago asking to be transferred from the army to the navy, in
fact I and many more have been trying to get transferred for over
two years and thank God have at last succeeded. The following is
a list of names transferred:
Robert Watson A. Murilao Rofeno Fallos
I.P. Williamson R. Bryson Wm. E. Lowe
Wm. O'Neil Jas. Barnett John Mason
Alfred B. Lowe Z. Dorey Josephus Mose
J. T. Lowe F. Dias M. Montes Decon
Chas Chapman Wm. Franlin
Capt. Smith was greatly put out at it for it leaves him with but
a remnant of a company.
4th: All hands busy today turning in our arms and ammunition,
accoutrements, canteens, haversacks, etc. I was busy all day
making out muster rolls and descriptive lists. Each man has to
be furnished with a descriptive list and we had no printed ones.
We are in hopes of getting off tomorrow.
5th: I was busy all day mending clothes and finishing
descriptive lists, etc. Finished all the writing, etc., but
could not get off today but will leave in the morning. We were
paid off in the evening. It is just two years today that we've
been in the Confederate Army and it has been two hard years for
us for we have had nothing but starvation, hard marching and
fighting and bare footed and ragged half the time.
6th: Turned out at 4 AM, got breakfast and started for town at 5
AM, quite dark and cold. After waiting for some time succeeded
in getting our transportation and started in the oars at 7 1/4
AM. Capt. Smith goes with us. Stopped at Tilton, GA. for a few
minutes and at Resaca. This is a strongly fortified place.
Stopped for a few minutes at Calhoun, Adairsville, Kingston,
Cassville, Altona, Ackworth and Marietta. Bought a canteen full
of whiskey for $35.00 poor stuff at that. Passed through several
more places but did not know their names. Arrived at Atlanta at
4 PM, went to the Wayside Home registered our names, stowed away
our baggage and went to the Fair Ground Hospital to see our
wounded companion John Dupuy who was wounded at Taylor's Gap on
the 25th of Feby. He was in fine spirits and doing well.
Remained with him a short time and then took a cruise about town
but it being Sunday everything was at a standstill. Went back to
the Wayside Home and got supper which consisted of stale corn
bread, rice, and boiled beef and sage tea, after which we turned
7th: At 2 AM turned out and went to the depot and started in a
few minutes and after stopping for a few minutes at numerous
small places arrived at Social Circle at daylight. Bought some
whiskey at $25.00 per quart, got a good breakfast and then took a
long walk about the place. It is a small village and a very
pretty place. We took dinner with Capt. Smith at his sister's
house. Her name is Mrs. Nebhut. We had a splendid dinner after
which quite a number of young ladies came and played on the piano
and sang songs for us until we started for the cars. It was the
pleasantest and happiest day that I have spent since I left my
happy home. The ladies were of the first families in the place,
very pretty and accomplished, and very agreable. Mrs. Nebhut is
one of the finest women that I ever saw. Started for Augusta at
sunset and the cars were so crowded that we had to stand up all
8th: Arrived in Augusta at 4 AM, here we remained until 1 1/2 PM
and then took another train. Went to the Way Side Home and got
an excellent breakfast and dinner. Started for Savannah at 1 1/2
PM and arrived at 7 PM. Went to the Way Side Home, stowed away
our things, got supper and took a long cruise about the city and
had a fine time for the small sum of $50.00 per man. Capt. Smith
was one of the party and of course we slept some where else and
not at the Way Side Home.
9th: At daylight I turned out and went to the W. S. Home, got
breakfast and spent the forenoon in walking about, drinking
brandy and looking for a good sword we wished to present to Capt.
Smith but could not find one suitable, so we concluded to present
him with $160.00 and request him to purchase one when he got a
8// 8th: Arrived at Augusta at 4 AM, here we remained until 1 1/2 PM and
then took another train. Went to the Way Side Home and got an excellent
breakfast and dinner. Started for Savannah at 1'4/2'PM and arrived'at.7 PM.
Went to the Way Side Home, stowed away our things, got supper and took a
S" long cruise about the city and had a fine time for the small sum of $50.00
per man. Capt. Smith was one of the party and of course we slept some where
else and not at the Way Side Home. '' .. .
&R 9th: At daylight I turned out and went to the W. S. Home, got breakfast
and spent the forenoon walking about, drinking brandy and looking for a good
sword we wished to present to Capt. Smith but could not fine one suitable,
so we concluded to present him with $180.00 and request him to purchase one we
he got a chance. We never told him a word about our intentions until.I met
him and addresses him as follows:
Capt. Smith, we. the 16 former members of your company now transferred
to the'navy, have tried in vain to purchase a sword for you as a token of
Respect and esteem that we have for you as a friend, a gentlemen, and as a
gallant and efficient officer, and should the present amotht $160.00 be in-
sufficient to purchase, a good one, for we want you to have'as good as a
'. sword as can be bought in the Confederacy, we request it as a right to let us
know what the balance'is and we will forward it to you.
Capt. Smith made a few appropriate remarks thanking us for the honor that we had
.conferred on him, etc. and assured us that he would do as requested and that
he would always wear it with pride, etc. We then went to.a bar room and took
Several drinks together and many toasts were darank and we had a very pleasant
time generally. Knocked about the city until 4 1/2 PM when we went on board
the C.S.PAM. Savannah and reported to our old friends, former members of Co..
K. who rejoiced to see us. There was a general shaking of hands and many questions
asked and answered by both.parties. We were too late fof supper so we went
0( without.. Turned in on the berth deck and it was so dreadful warm that-:I slept :
but little. At 12 midnight all hands were turned out to take in. wings for it
was raining and blowing very hard. After taking it in and getting wet I turned
in again and slept till morning.
'6 Mar. 10th: At daylight all hands were turned-out and soon after we got'
breakfast after which all hands turned to and worked until 1 PM getting a cannon
out that was bursted-:at the muzzle. Got it in shore after-a great deal of hard
work and humbugging and then got dinner, after which turned'to and cleaned up"
decks, etc. We then drew some small stores consisting of"tin cups, pans, thread
-nd soap. The soap is $7.30 per.bar. Capt. Smith came 'on board in afternoon and
bad ,,s farewell. He appeared much affected at parting and wished us success and
happines:."etc. Raining all night.
4 March llth, -Raining all the forenoon, took in awnings and.spread their. again
several times during the day. Joseph Bartlum came on board to see us. He had
been home on furlough and 'is now on his way back to his command. Jas. Barnett
Sand Chas. Chapman were transferred to the steamer Sampson today. The balance
S of us were assigned to the.3rd division.and.formed the crew of the two broadside
guns. After supper several songs were sung and then we turned in.
:' y l 12th: A clear and pleasant day. Hard at work nearly all day.
Sunday 13tht Preaching in 1-orning. I.wrote to my mother by flag of tr'
Quiet and pleasant day. Washed and scrubbed decks, ladders, ect. in morn- g..
hands dressed in clean clothes.. Thii.' we have to do every Sunday mornir.a out
scrubbing decks is sledom done on'the Sabbath but it couldn't. be. done yesterday
,all hauds were hard at work at the gun all day. Threelof the 7th'Fla. boys: came
Board to see us. They are on their way home on furlough, Warm nro pleasant..
o s ..
fit Nonday 14th: After breakfast all hands turned to taking in the new
gun and removing skids etc. Got through at 12 1/2 PM, got dinner, pork,
peas, and hard bread, good living to what we've been used to in the army.
) Worked a little in the afternoon.
Tuesday 15th: All hands washing clothes and working on the bow gun,
the carriage of which is being overhauled:and some work done to .it to make
it run easy. Worked hard all day. I drew a hanmock and clothes bag today.
'" Wednesday 16th: I am my chum Alfred Lowe went on shore after qrs
and I am sorry to say we got most gloriously drunk. When we went on shore
we met our 1st Boatswain's Mate and our Yeoman, both very fine men and
we went to a bar room and took several drinks together, each treating
several times, then we took a cruise about the city, went into several
houses of doubtful character and then got to drinking again. I spent
$55.00 which was all the money I had and the others spentLhs much each
or more than I'did, .for liquor is $2.00 per drink, measured out at that,
a little over half a gill to a drink.
'" Thrusday 17th: Felt very sick all day from the effects of the bad
Liquor I drank yesterday and must certianly say that I feel heartily
ashamed of myself for making such an ass of myself. Luckily for.me I
had sense enough left in'me to go on board in time and turn in. We had
l eave of absence till (torn) PM and got on board just in.time.
|' .. .
Friday March 18th: I feel much better today and have made up my mind :
to go; on no more sprees during the war. I drew some clothing today which
SI stood greatly in need of, 2-flannel shirts, 1 pr pants, 1 cap, and 1 mattress.
W ashed clothes':it forenoon and. fixed my hammock in afternoon. Drilled with
S small arms, Manard rifles which came very awkward to us at first for they
are'very short, but soon got used to them and drilled.very well. I was on'
watch from 8 PM to 12 midnight.
/L f i Saturday 19th: Nothing much done'today, the caulkers still .at work
caulking the gun deck. Numered our clothes bag in the afternoon. Pleasant
S all day, rd6eived a letter.from Lieut. W.. C. Maloney.. :.
"(A -: .. ": ':
; Sunday 20th: A very pleasant day. -.No preaching and nothing much to
do except swab decks etc. in morning.. ,
Monday 21st: Pleasant in morning, rather cbbl. Swabbed decks, moved
Small the hammocks:.on deck out of the caulkers way. Rained all the afternoon
and night, very' cold. Drilled at broadside guniin forenoon.
Pf'- Tuesday 22: Cold and raining all.day. Drilled in'forenoon at B.S. gun.
'/' Working on-and off. all,'day scraping decks and running chains and ropes on
.';* shore to secure the vessel as it is blowing hard. :
*/ :7' Wednesday 23rdl Very.cold all day. All hands at work raising the bow
Sgun and getting the carriage out of the way for the carpenters to work on the
deck, it being unleveled.
.: f Thrusday 24th: Very cold all day, not much to do. I worked part'of the
Sforenoon on an old stove and in the afternoon innde a slate frame for one-of ,ine
S officers. Just as we were all turned in for the night all. hands were called
to take in awnings, weather very qqually. .
. . ..*_ '- ,.--r .. .-
---, .---*:--F"'-- ... "- -- .'
Friday 25th: Raining in morning and everything wet and unpleasant. The
spar deck le~akq badly, it is iron clad and cannot be caulked without taking
th iron off, which is not likely to be done. Carpenters still at'.iork, very
slow workmen. At 12 midnight all hands called to take in awnings, blowing
heavy from the N.W. .
Saturday 26th: Blowing a stiff breeze from the W.S.W., all.hands at
f work holy stoning the decks, scrubbing paint work and hammocks. In the
afternoon all hands were mustered on the spar deck to hear the sentence of
Harry Burns read. lie had been court martialed for striking an officer on
Christmas night last and was sentenced by'court martialed to be shot to
death with musketry, but the president had reprieved him and reduced him to
the rate of a landsman. He was a quartermaster at the time of the fuss. It
appears that he and others on board Christmas night broke into the spirit
room and got a lot of liquor and got drunk and were very bpd noisey. The
officers armed themselves and came among them and ordered .them to stop the
noise, but this made them worse and Burns struck one of the officers and
cursed them all. They were all put in irons and kept on the spar deck for
several days and nights and it was bitter cold. They had'to sit on the cold
iron which nearly killed them. At last the doctor interferred and told the
captain that it would kill them if they were kept there any longer. "'They were
sent on.-shore to jail. I was on watch from 8 P1 to 12 midnight. A.beautiful
clear moonlight night.
:vlml? Sunday 27th: A beautiful day and nothing to do. I wrote a letter to my
old friend G. W. Edwards in Co. K. and several more for men that could not
write themselves. Preaching in the afternoon by Mr. Fairfax, the sailing
S master. .. .)i.:. -.
Monday 28th: All hands washing clothes. Cloudy in the forenoon and
railinng in the afternoon. Fiddling and dancing at night.'
-^ Tuesday 29: Cloudy and raining during the day. "I was on picket in
Suard .boat last night. We had to pull 4 miles and got on shore several times.
At 10 PM a stiff breeze sprang up and continued to blow hard all night
S and very pold. At-12 AM pulled on shore where there'is a picket guand and
built a fire. Remained there until 5 AM when we started for the Ram.
f Wednesday 30: Arrived on board at 6 1/2 AM. We had to pull against a *'.
strong tide and head wind. Got breakfast.and slept nearly all day for I did
Snot close my eyes all night it being to cold to sleep. Fiddling and dancing
vt Thrusday 31: All hands scrubbing and holy stoning secks, etc. We get
SI (torn) now for there is none in Savannah but we (torn) rice instead which is
not half cooked and no salt in it, but this 'is the fault of the cooks. Nearly
all hands are growling and saying that the rice is making them blind but I
/ say nothing for I have not yet forgotten the hard times that I've had .in the
army. .... ..
.IFriday, April 1st 1864: All fool's day and mant a trick was played the -
Smen on each other. I was on watch last night, a fin' clear night. A hands
S busy today holy stoning decks and.washing clothes, etc. Lieut. Carns who
was officer of the deck last night while I was- on watch asked me-"if I knew
any seamen in Johnson's army. I told him that I would give him a list of
names in the morning. '
.. U >A l:'.* ,'.- .-
V Saturday 2nd: Lieut. Camns started today for Johnston's army, and I
- ,. gave him a list of names including 7 in Co. K so there .is some hopes .of the
poor fellows getting out of the army at last. Fiddling, dancing and singing
at night. 1I have been busy for the last day cutting type for the boys so
that they can mark their clothes, for there is the greatest set of theives
on board that I ever saw.. If one puts a thing down and turns.his back it. is
Sunday 3rd: General muster in the morning. The captain had a man put
F7 in double irons for walking in a swaggering manner, but he is a bad man and
all the officers are down on him. He was one of the men that got drunk and
abused the officers on Christmas night and is one of the most disagreeable
men that I ever saw. .
SMonday 4th: Raining all day, very high tides. The ship yard that we are
lying'at is overflowed every high tide. :
l' Tuesday 5th: All hands washing clothes, got the forward gun bapk in place
i and it works well. Pleasant day. .
6t Wednesday 6th: I did some carpenter's work in (torp) but I don't know
T how they have found (torn) I am a carpenter. But I do not intend to (torn).
for them for I did not ship for carpenter (torn) ordinary seaman.
'/ i Thrusday 7th: All hands holy stoning.and scrubbing decks, etc..
'" : '"- .
... t Friday 8th: Pleasant day, not much to do.. Took some provisions on board
S in afternoon. I was on watch from 12 midnight to 4 AM. '
Saturday 9th: Raining and blowing all day.
Sunday 10th: Hammocks and gratings taken on shore and all hands at-work
scrubbing decks, etc. No preaching today.
: 3!. "
Monday 11th: In the afternoon manned.two boats and stood in a lot of ladies
and officers and pulled about harbor and down to floating battery. -Got back .
to the Ram at 7 1/2 PM feeling very tired fot we were pulling from 2 AM'till
7 PM. It may be very fine sport for them to.be pulled about.but not very. p
to us. Drilled in morning. .. '
.Tuesday 12tht Drilled in forenoon with small arms. .. .; : ,
: .o ," : *..... :
Wednesday 13th: Drilled in morning, holy stoning decks, etc' I worked.
the balance of the day making a box for Capt. Pickney.' He leaves tomorrow
for another station. All hands are glad he is going for he is very much disliked
by the most of the crew. In the afternoon several of us went up town to the
naval store and drew a pair of shoes each.
Thrusday 14th: Drilled in morning. Worked all day making a frame for a
small steam engine. Rain in afternoon..
Friday 15th: Rained all night and in the morning. Worked all day on the
S frame. At night 7 men from Johnson's army came on board with our doctor and
more are coming in the morning with Lieut." Carnes. One of Co. K is among t
number, He says that there are only three men left in the company, the ..iance
have all been transferred and gone to Columbus Ga.
Saturday 16th: Quite cool in forenoon. I worked nearly all day on the
frame. The balance of the transferred meh and Lieut, Carnes came on board in .
forenoon. Rain in afternoon and all night. I am mess cook this week, each men
in a mess takes his turn and cooks for a week and as bad luck turns will have
S it for a week, the ship is so much cr6wded.with men that we can hardly turn
around. Teh new comers are formed in messes and as they have no cooking things
they mUdi: use ours which gives the mess cooks twice as much work as usual.
Monday 18th: A lot of new-men went off today to another vessel. Mess
cooks busy all forenoon scrubbing decks, mess chests, etc. Raining all day,
very unpleasant."' "
Tuesday 19th: Mess cooks all busy holy stoning berth deck and mess
chests. Fifty of the new comers went to the floating battery Georgia in afternoon
which leaves about twenty of them here. They are now assigned to this.vessel.
One of our boats went down the river in the morning after' dsters, two midship-
men and four men went with her. They got a boat load and went on shore and
built a fire and while they were opening and eating Roberj!Brys6n and another
man sneaked off and deserted and have gone to Fort Pulaski to the Yankees. The
boat sis not get back to the: ship till next morning. I was on watch from 12
midnight to 4 AM. Very cool for this season.
S Wednesday 20th: At daylight our boat came back to the ship and confirmed
S the report about the two men deserting, they had remained.:with the boat and
Searched all about for the two men thinking tha tt they mayi have got lost in the '
swamp, but after waiting until nearly daylight then they were satisfied that:" .
they had deserted, so they started and came back to.the ship. Brysot was transferred
from our company with me, am greatly surprised at his desertion from the navy
i where he had plenty to eat and little to do. (torn) of a chance to desert while *A
Sin the army. (torn) starved, half naked and marched nearly to (torn).
I ;' .Fr April 22: Drill in morning. Pleasant day.
Saturday 23: Holy stoning decks in morning., My (torn) out tonight and-*
I am very glad of it for it is very warm. -.
,' Sunday 24th: Rain in morning. Sand flies very bad in the evening.
S. Monday 25th: All hands washing clothes in morning. Pleasant day. Made
myself a cap during the day.
S Tuesday 28th: Drilled at B.S. gun in morning and at small arms in afternoon.
i 'On watch all night. -
Wednesday 27th: All hands busy painting the ship with coal tar and a very
dirty job it was. .
I Thrusday 28th: Washing and scrubbing decks in the morning, in the afternoon
: our two boats were manned and took a lot of ladies out pulling. It began to
rain soon after we started and all hands got a good ducking. It was glad of it
and hope it will sicken the ladies of boating for a while at least. It is very.fine
sport for them to be pulled about for miles but very hard work for us. Rained
'. Friday 29th: All hands scrubbed their hammocks in the morning, drille-
in forenoon. .Very cool and damp all day.
T ... .